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Full text of "Quaestiones disputandae de gratia, ex praelectionibus"

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Wtri*^ GrAtiaJitdoHHmftiper^d^ltttm 
Creanoni^ td^HemHltiplicitir neCef- 
fariHm Lihero Arbitrio promtiltipli^ 
ci JlatH humanA Natur^} 



I D E T II R ncactuni encpo^c. 
I. C^ia cfTc fupcradditam & non 
cffc- fupcradditum Crcationi , 
materialitcr fc habet ad ratio- 
ncm Gratiae expartcDci. Dcus 
caim aon niinusgtatiose « 8c lu 
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1 S^dPt^ /. 

btVtliterconftrt , /^ujrad CrrafiotirtTi nfltnflfi- 
tcrconfcc^liunmr, quimip'amcrcaTit>Prni , flc 
qn2c*UQ><|ueilJa. Krit^p^cfcario , ciiniiitlibc- 
raK5iionano*« non poiuir Dmoi faccre clcbiiO' 
remeuiufbuain rei prztrtr^conf^i-if^fidf ^ & re- 
Jinquere liberum «c lolucuin a\\ quxJam a- ^ 
lia cantiini non conf«rctida. ErfoGraua Aoa 
elMonum (upcradditum crrsriotit. 

Secuiido.Ncccnua^CTaii^tuiDiiacur \n fubor^ 
(linacione Cr^^Eu^-z ad Creitor>ni,& indcprci. 
dcntiacaufxfecimdjc a prima Ji^cautrm 1ubor* 
«dinatio, ac dcpcndfnfja rcmpri in^a.^abtlJEcr 
inrlK qwia cft CLi'^iicr3fis Cfcartir:t5t pincsef. 
ienciam noo datitr vaTiaTio. £t^o praua non po' 
tci^efle muIticHJciccr nccej^aria promulcjphct 
fiatu huniaiix n&C|jrx. 

Tcrtio. Dr graria , cju^que ncceditatc noa 
potrfrhabert notitta niii ex-do^rinarevclata» 
qui^graiiaeftquid:'up'rn;itjurair « Sc traniocn- 1 
dcrilf^rdincm naturjti £c nihil hujufmodi ar.~e- j 
quicurrationaruralis. Do«trii)tt autcm revcla- 
ta At iis tantum nos docct , qnar periincnt ad i 
prrfcntctn faiuv) , ii^quodefadoiumus. Fcr- 
peram rnim doccrfnur d,f iis, quaEadnosnon 
pcrtinent do Htto. trgo licer graria c- etrul- 
tipliciter oeccltarra rcipfa pro mul.iplict ."a. 
tu liun an.T ita^urjr , ca tamen coniidciaiiano- 
bii ncc d.bi rct , r.ccpolfit , ■niliTchic ad prx- 
icntom Oatum, in quo de fad^o iumus. 

Refpofidecur-ad quxhionem' : CrsiU vrntur^ • 
'^UbJ^ratit datiir\ ut dicit Aug«in P/. 49. iubii- 
r.om ; ideCt quod ncc iiuriris rcpcndi-.ur juxti 
'"'."^Pat:)i ad Roin.4. i'.t ^hI c^iratnr ,mtrc*s^on 
rr pHT*":iy /"i ■•r^^ifm ^ratturn . ,(d fciuniitm.ievirtim^ 
juc neccf-aiio coiiicquitur latiouc i.y.:<^'x\:\x 

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*, QtdicicAa#aftiaosl.6e€.|.4eiib. 
i pjacibntdcclanbttarqiueift.i^. 
tihca^ gtatic ad'tliqnod o^uae^ impoffk 
, Qt hoc exequtfuc libccuni afbitxioflt 
aprarcxiftentCy-ac juTante. Necefficatifta 
t phyfiifa > cacionecu|Hs cep ugnacaliqnifl 
abfqiicalioquodani, nifiincerveniat-aii* 
;mj alia eft moralis, cacione-ciijas.licet 
abfoluti fieri aliquid abfque aliquo alio 
liraculum , eil ramenufqueadeb di£|<:i* 
nunquam , auc?ixuQquanaconcingatirft 
&nunquam, aucvixnnquamevadat^l* 
dicium de nonfiituritione eifec^usfunda» 
.caUneccffitate, 8e'defe£lu ccia^ceiracix^ 
^nione neceflicas«ftcahtum.ad.melit»aer- 
ueraciliusfiatopus. ■ . 

;ush4itnaaaB naturxeft eadem natufa ,"uc 
isaccidenti quantum cft ex fe diutins pec- 
evalenti, camquc difpoiientimodoali'- 
ecialiin ordinc ad ZLernitatem, &iiltx- 
inem. Und<r pro diverfitareeiurmodiac' 




•ftionei, 8ciifiperfeftioii€s homitiifccuBdiim 
iconmtuctksi m pcoind^ excludit pcccatum 
ilctmJxthale, •mncque donum rupcroatiifa- 
*. Nfltuca incegra iuppcraddic purc rubje^io- 
cm appecitus icnficivi rc!pcftu racionis fupe* ' 
oris» &huiusrerpcdu -Oci, lcgifquc divinar. 
.\turmodi iubjcdio dicitur pcrtmercad ince- 
cicaccmnaturz, nonquod (pcdct adcomple- 
icntiun hominisconuaturalc, utdicccurquc* 
ionc 14. , fcd quia juvac ad iotcf ram.oblcnran* 
am legis naturalis, vireii^ucactiva&conBatu* 
klcs abfolvatab omnibusimpcdiu.eniis,|cum 
allas ulccrins fuperaddat. Nacnra lapia eft qua; 
ibjacct fcccaco Ixchalipcrlbnali , velocigna- 
, 6cmalisindc fuborcisaufereiitibusintcralia 
c naturapura innocenriam , cx intcgra fubie* 
loncm appetitus, Scrationis. Natura rcpara* 
eft qux per ChriAi ii^crita obcinct graiiam la* 
latcm&iibcrantcmi pcccato » 6e cffc£^ibus 
tccati, Iicctdumfumuain vianunquamomni- 
!>IibcretabotiiQibusmalis, quz cootrazimus 
:Cpcccatum. Undegracia pcrChriftum com- 
unitcr, &merit<f nuncupaturquidquidpofi- 
vc ju vat ad obi iacndam ccmiifioncm pcccato- 
.m>&viramscternam. 

Ccrium cit aliquam Dci gcatiam eHe ncceiTa- 
im ad quodlibcc opus bonum pro ouolibct 
itui quiaipla homiuiscxiltentia, quifinc fe- 
;b opcracinil poccil, cft gcatisaD::ocoIIata: 
ic enim crat, cni illa debecctur , aatcquam 
Ict homo. Uudc cztcia criam , quznatucali 
rccllicatc confv»juuniur a.i cxiftcnri-jm homi- 
c, ikfin-: quibus nilip eop.Tari potcft , gra- 
)faab:oIuted:ci.niut, qua;cniiS origincni du- 
jira^raiia. Ccccccum licct iizcomnia, qux 

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fUb dana creadoAJs 1 jtixn comiiitiJi<mto(|uciv*> 

di modum t eomprehendiiatur , quadiii) no^ 

cau cA, dfcaiitu < giatu Dci . ti ( tc iHttir A u^u lii • 
auscumAUi$ PAmbLif Afj-iciDii; Ep.^f. iro^ ra- 
m^ a cll cagii(i4f cujus uecrftjracctn docetutti^ 
ifi S^Cfialitterisutnouribidrni Auf uAiiius , 3£ 
rcvtrrius cp. loji ncc tju5 accellitatcm ulU utl* 
qu;!'!! lijerffiei acgivejrunr, cjuj fittrcntur c^i- 
^niiam Dci^ 5c tjus iibeitatemi cjuiii iafcn^ 
fidimigraciz liotlEj^clagiUSi& cjitJ^reclzCAiB 
ubic^uc fstcDTUt flc magntiice comrn tndaiic* '' 
C7;jiu iguur thcologicx ^onfidcrationls pti^ 
ptia ti\ ra foia » qu^ dHtJogmiut^cj(iaocrpa<- 
ttoniicidemquc fupeefldditurT id eftqn^atf^ue 
imjn ed iitf . tiequc m«diate de betur boLnin i ri' 
lione fu^ cieitionij. 5ed nequc omnis c]ut»o* 
liigratiaeftpraefciitisinilicuti. EzcludunturnU 
mirumabeo tam gratizgratif datznon adpro* 
priam cu|uf<)ue , led ad aliorumutilitatem prt- 
mh , ac principalitec ordinatx tum auziltuiti * 
cxccrnac iB(lru&ionit>& piotec^ioniS} tumaaxi- 
lia habituatia . Mcmpe przcipuum , fi non & uni- 
cum certamen , & Conciliorum fcopus fuit^eam 
ftabihrcGratiam , quzintrinfec^uniciiiquein» 
hzr<^t, Sc (ingulis.opexandi opoctunitatibusica 
devin^aeft, uc, illis tranfeuiitibuf , ipfAprO' 
ttiiusincercati quzque cfttndilcriminatiiii ne- 
celfaria , auce,& poftconvernonemadDcuiiij 
ante^ ficpoil ju(lificationem5c infuitoneniHa- 
bicaum. QuaceQratia, quateuuseLl fubje^t^iH 
quxftionnm przreniium, definiri pptelV : ^9- 
num unicuique indebitum , eriam iuppofita 6- 
jui exiftentii, confercns. imndediati, acpoii» 
tiye 9d tlUitndofiCtus boaosi ^t^Uff rmgalis 




rorjim dportunitatibus devinfti»ni, 

Quu verb vircs Natux« Humanx^ , pro mio* 
^uoque ex memoratis Sratibtrs ejns , /Unt inx- 
c^uales > itqueoperaprofiogulis, &proomni- 
biis pratfiaodafuniitMieminzqualiaf ac mulri- 
fjiciter ioterfe- diverfa , patet mQlciplicem efCe 
neceffitaiem Gratiz, turo prodiverfis Statibus 
^d eadem opera $ tum pro eodem Statuad ope- 
iidivcr& , atqtte inter fc difparia. Diceturita* 
i^tte prius qoJidrapIicx qazt^ione de i>s> qux funt 
communiaomnibus ftatibuspro quolibet operci 
deiind^qukfuntcommttnia NaiuraE intcgrx, & 
Keparatz rclat^ adfinem (bpernaturalem^.pfr 
Crxalias quxiUones: Ac dcmum, qiizconve- 
hiiint Katurx lap£r riini fccundum fe, tum ut 
•ompftratjfccum Naturapura. Poftqacfolaefupe- 
keruntexpOaendcdivifionesfiemuneraGratiar. 
ExKisrerpondcturadprimnm. Deuslicet ni- 
hildebcatpropriepoft creationem , ficutantc^ 
irihi] debebat ptopri^ jtamen pofitis quibufdam 
ttfeftibus , Kabet aliquam necelfitatem quof- 
damalius adjuogendi, quorum additioeftne* 
cefiatia ad perfedionem operis prioris.- atqoe 
hxcheceffitasdicitur, ^eftlata quadamratio* 
ne dcbitura fundatum in ratione Divinz Sa- 
(^entis. QuaEdam autcm alia ruperiddttntttr 
ptiotibus efteftibus , qu« noa fttat ita debita, dc 
Mse taliA fttiit . dicuntax fnpciadditt dona cica- 
rioaii. 

Ad Secoiiduai. Eftquidcmcbmmunisomni- 
Statui » &proomiii opereneceflitasauxilii di* 
ifini. Verum quia drbilitas Naturz non femper ' 
^ftcadem, necopera, quxprasilircdcbet , fuat 
ymtiiz ejufdem pcneris; fupereft locus multi- 
^^'cluii ac€C{ViWi% Gtaii« (Qn\uuOLxcu^ucvL- 



AdTcitiuui. Do^Jia tcvelai^ ^opfiiniaimji 
efl rciiii^a ad |^rxieiict^*tj ilattijji Njiu/j J4|>ii, 

112, ^^:atdoc,'mu£CJfCd49r£iriiteni tiattijii^ dc- 
au^uncixf uiiilra pcruttenrja^J alio» 4itui , #; < 

fj.uaiid iucelhgeniiaTn eorum t <tux dicutitiiT 
dc ftafu pf.TctVmi .utapp^rebii fx4jcCA<iije,(<u^* 

[Lim S<4tiiujti tuLmiaj (|ti«a4 iitsii^diciu co^*-^ 

iQJI iE 5 T I O IL 



XJtrnm fii^cientr^ ad optra hf^na JiB 
dehtU ex fHffofitio»c FrjLCefti 
Confiln ? 



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\r Ideturnon ciTe debita. ?rime. Quia Conci* 
^ lium Tridentinum ioco mox indicando, 
monet unumquemquepetere, qux non polllt: 
Eaautemrunt, yel Praecepta a Dce , velpoof- 
fi5ltaj ergofuntaliqua fubPrxcepio . aiitCon^ 
filio Dei , quzprxflarenonpofTumu^.Krf^dfnf- 
ficientianegaada eilex fupppntioiie Conkiii, &; 
Pracccpti. 

Sccundo. Prxceptafc Con(ilia Dei nosdb/|. 
gant, non ipfuin Dcum. Er^o Deus ex vi iJ/^- 
xuiii nott ceACiui ad dandam iu^picA.iiaiii; M- 



cftnosteneamuf adprsftandaope». 

Tercio.Peccateri potcflacgasiih pceiiaflif fc« 
catifufScientia ad opcra cum Prsccpti » tuiii 
Confilii , & taracn ratione peccati , non debct 
liberaripeccatoc ab oncrcLcgis, &CoB^li9* 
rum; Ergo Lcx» & Confilia non runtinrcpa- 
labilia %, lufficientia ad jopcia Leais 8c Coa* 
filii. 

Quan^ AQg»ftiBus & alii Sandi Paties do- 
cent frequentcr , peccatoribusobduratis, effc 
impoffibilcm converfionem ad Dcum , &pani- 
iCBtiam finalcm , ad quas tasncn obliganturLc- 
^epei. Manifeftum au.tem«ft earoimpoflibaii* 
tatem cfTeiBdiftin^m a deftftu fufficientis^ 

Rerp. Dcus impoflibilia nenjubct, utdefi* 
ait Concil. Trid. fefr.-6. c. ii. Redditrationem 
Aug. c. 6%, de Grat. & Jib. Aibitr.£«9«///e f/»y#, 
y^ffirmtfimt cretUtHr DeHmjuflitm & hnum imppfi* 
ntia n»u ^tuijfe ^rdciptre btnr udm9nemur&e. Hf€ 
mfofityi^eftuit imfer4.re» ^mjuiiueefiy nee'd*mnu* 
mrue eff b^mmem fro ee ^ued nen fetuitvitMre , ^ui 
u»/4^. Itaque damnaii Tion poteftquifecasfa* 
;erenonpotuit. Damnariautenipoteft , &de<* 
>Ct, qiii factt eontra Leg«m Dei ; necramcA 
ritate id poteft , qui non habctfnfficicBtiam»' 
it conformetur. £rgo obligatio Legis eftinfe- 
larabiliskfufficicntia conformitatis cum ipil, 
XiAceilillud ejufdem Anguftinic. 6<.de Nata- 
iiiGi^lil, fb^ueun^eifiucMmfk efiVeluntdtiet fi ' 
mp^^fiffff*» finefttCM9eeicedttmr,Moti\om* 
emiibpellcnticontraLegemDci, neccedicor 
ine peccato , ut liquet cx Auguf^iana peccati 
kfinitione; Di£^um fa&ri,Scc.Ncc rcfiilipoteft, 
tonhibita fufHcicntia ad rcflflendfi^&prsf^an* 
lujD opss piarccptum. Srgo fiexi poiTct , quod 



nJmportibUc, Madlii L.xfjacaiflfSciertti--, 
icftn:^iimse#Kcai, mt raiiiaiclir*ratio 

Kf^jv rf -r B oif€£U j d"* diindi i/mptrM i cmip^ wint 
ipc opeiaitcrnes/ 3c oniiiJiciQef pjovc- 
ejitaiJtcced.*-nM JimpIJcJcei, fcu fiecclli- 
frii im^<'adii}ili(j.ce qon af uibuunmrF 
ai^ciri t £tvjtu[ictiuifi Opcraiiti} ac O^^ 

ru impo ll^ ^iji utem » D cfi.^ij saotifin ruffi-> 
ad Dpus pct rripiiim eitimpoicmja ope- 

& ins poila bi Tic^s f>pcik hic , dc nunc. Ef- 4 
a^l^mte ruflicicjiiiiiD adopus pizcc- 
cufpi Orriiilloiiii atrjibufrctLjiipJ] , e(^ 
^ropriaipitas, quodrepugnar. ' 
•mrecidic, Dco voleiite aiiquidvoluh- 
apliciter anteccdcnti , Deflario velfCf 
id indt: fcqultar QecclTaria ^c inevitabiii 
lentia. '^uiaquodliinpjiciterantecedi^* 
.'tin fc virtualitei, quidquidindeefTcn- 
confcquitur. Prattcrca ,• non dato coiilc- 

rcpugnat dari autecedens efrentiatitcr 
millius; ac pioii^dc necclTe eltfruftrari 
itcm cfficaccm tatisaDtccCdentis . nofi 
liconlcquena: Repugaai verbvoluiita-* 
icaccm Dei fimplicitcr antecedtntem, 
le nc ipfa ftuilrcrur , &conrcqucnrer, 
leouidquid cftncceflrarium , neip a fru- 
Voluuras autem Dci >. tum qua prxcipic ' 
,tttm quan*cgatfuf}icienttainadaliquid, 
ipliciicr aateccdcntes v.rcfpeda adus, ^ 
cipitur, 9cadqucfn.fu(Hcientiahegatur. 

Voltiiitas, quac nfgatfufficicntinm a4 ^ 

ejlentialircr infeit omiJfionem illiusj 
'XScipita^um. zquc ciTeiitiaiiccx xed- - 




iicpcccaiDiho&inomiflionemejus.ErgoA Deas 
utramquc eam \ oluntatem fimui habcret rc:pe- 
ftuejurdcmaduw, YoluuiuconrequcBtcxa Dco 
KiTctpcccatum confiftensin ejns omiCiiOiie.lam 
igicnr repugnat , negari^Deo futiici^ntiamad 
Bfusabipfoprcceptum, qu^m tcpugnac ipfum 
ifleAuftoi^m« dcintentorempeccati, 

Eadem fere tatio eft de coancxione Confilii 
;ttm fttfficientia ad opua confulcum. Nec enim 
niHus ixtationabile eft , confulerc quam prxci- 
>ercimpoilibiIia: Necmittus repugnatDeoat- 
tibui imperfeftionem , quzineft omiOionia- 
lusconfulti, ipfumqueefreejus Auftorem, «c 
Atentoicm , qu^m eadem eidem r^pugnant re- 
fcGtvL peccati. Deinde commune t^ Coniiiio • 
ittip Prjtcrpco, utmoveaCfac impellatad opus- 
^pnfuitum , 9eprxcepcum: N^garioni vere luf • 
icientiat eflVntialeeft ut recraliatab opere, ad 
|Bodca negatur. Implicat autem Deum iimul 
mpcilere ad aliquid, & ab eodemrctrahere, 
tque penittts abttrahexe. RcpugBat igitur nega • 
i»iuflicicntiamadopusaIiquod,reupraecepturo, 
euconruitum } acproindd fuflicientiaadilittd» 
\fin htibetrationcm Gtatiaeezfuppofitione Prac- 
epci> ScConfilii, neceftdonummoraliterdi- 
tiiidam iicec fit phyfic^ realiter diftinftum, U 
|itnr« fccttndum fe fttperadditumpraecise<|ua- 
rdus fufficientia. cft , ab eodcm Confilio tc *' 
tscepto. 

Ad Pximnm. Dvm Coacilittm dicit peten* 
nmquodnonpoffumus, fatis aperte indicat, 
lud non po le reftringi ad impotentiam 
K fuppoGtione > 8c lecundum quid. Nec 
riim ab blure deeft uflicienua > ad ali- 
04^ p£us , ^ujiiido adc^ iufllctcacU ad il. 



tjtur» 

Ad Sccunduin. Oblfgarqujdcns noi lolticti 
ZiCj DcLOcum vcx:cT l.C' i aon oi^ligtk. jHCtf3i- 
taiiJincii necrtrmtc indilljiida ab Jpl^ ju^ v6^ 
JutiraL^iUC iiobi» !acjat projfiice i9i# poliibjJr^ 
qui^d Ttiit f^fficdcicei, urexcqu4|i:iuf ^ Atcuc Ij^c 
iti cpi^rabtliEAS voluntaiis nos ubli^aiitis d vo- 
lauicc jcddendi pioJCJEEi^ por bvic tcroiirixum 
olijigitiooii 1 diciiuf ^uodarouiudd dt.'ticum 

Ad TcrrtiujJd. EaLex^ctifuf adimyf^fid' 5iA- 

cicntiaoiani* poi d nc£ati inpcenam pcccan, 
hd^btL rjT^ojicjiTi gj^ris, L^ndt^^fijrjnaiMo pc£- 
nam pcccaci non habrntamplius Lcgcin obli- 
ganrcmaJ fpcm bcautudinisobrinendz. Quaxe 
Lcx, CL')usobIi£atio.nonautextur rationc pec- 
cati , habct Gbinvce3anb adjun&am (u/Iicicn- 
tramadopus.d quod obligat,noAobftantepcc- 
caco. 

Ad Quartum. Impoflibilcapud Augu^^inu^, 
^alios Fattcs, ficut&cx ufu vulgan laepe drut- 
pau)rptoeo,c]uode0diiriciUio:um;necptuden* 
jct iperabik/reumoialireiimpon :bflei'i£etphy« 
iice , {k ciLta irjraculum poitibile {It abfolut^. 
Arnue hoc pado , & non aliter dicuntur im- 
po' bilia refpei^u pbduratotum , ea operp, 
quormu oiBiCione pecca 't. N/tUm *ntm picc^ ' 
i» f9, ^tf^itvltare nan ponft , ut docet idem Au- 
ga!.i|tus- lib. dc duabus aniuiis c; lO. & u« 
Quod fi oulfus , nec ;utique:t>hduratu« , pec- 
eat io eo , quod vitdre omninb iiDa p.o- 
teil. Qi^ dc ^c diccAMif ^li^a^ in prjj^-^ 



Q^U iE 5 T I O III, 

'jfrum debeaiur perfe fftfficseHtia , vm ., 
iMntkm Phjficafedeiiam Moralis^ . 
viiandHmpeccatHm l 

;r I D E T U K folam Phy(Lcam deberi. 

Piimo. QiiiaaUqaibasaliquando ncgttuc 
fiiciencia moralisad vitandum peccatum j id«- 
leut ita ev.cniat « e(l neceiTarium tt aatum 
i. Occurrunt enim aliquando ez curfu natd- 
li cau(arum (ecundarum crrcumftantiz tales» 
libus poiitisprudcnterautrperari ,aut judi- 
rinon peteft vitandum eiTc peccatum. Ideb- 
le. quibuspoiiti^eoiprononadfit fuificientia 
oralisvitandi.. Qaodaatemalicuialiquando 
rgatur, non eft debitum per Ce, dc ex natura rei, 
|ia Deas nanquam cuiquamncgat de h€to, 
iqdeftitadebitnm. 

Secundo. Sufiicientia major minima natii« 
litezpoffibiii' eft negabilis nataraliter ; ac 
oinde habec rationem Gratiae fuperadditir 
^eationi.> . Negabilitas ulis fuflficientic aa« 
risminim^ez eo patet, quia negationem e«^ 
t xo feformalitercontinet coUatio fufficiea- 
;, <|ais.cftminima interomncs natntaUter 
flibiles. -Sufficientiaautem ifta minima exi- 
re inprimis poteft eznatunrei alias non 
mpu^areturinternacuraliter pofTibilia j Dein- 
uonrcciditopusmoraliicr polfibile quia fuf- 
icnria purephyfica non rcddiiopus ita polli- 
ci ^ctai^cQ^lUoateBta iiiin oidinem N;i. . 



) 



§0 lutEcrc-niu inoiilis a4 vit«xiditmpcccAtua], 

odit eoruiniju^ttVcit ; Nec efiim odieni a^jriaid ' 

qne hoc vet inaxime lacam liibcT in crcarioiie 
UibftantJarum jrattomlicim^ utpoce qax ha^ent ' 
latlonem iiais^efpe^u £2i<:ioraiti ontniuni o, 
perum Dcf< Arquceil de latioi^e FJais» ut a* - 
meturiiiaf 13 qa^m Mcdia per^moiem beacoc« 
dinaruni- Notiautem diJcjiilctbeus ibbfijifi* 
ms ucionates. fci potim oiii» eas habuifTet} 
atqut^odicndo cotiflitutOert & feciiTct * ilnoa 
cOQiuIiirct ftifiicicuti^m mor4le.ii[) :id vitanda 
pec^tft r laUem kth^dii. Con>utuii]^c enim 
lllas» eane^ara, iii n^ccllitatemouTi amitrtn^ 
di ru2m:£tcrnam Plitiiattm ^ ^c iricidrndi in 
xternam mifeiiam , & ap-^ionendi caufaru cjus 
eflfedusdeceriorem codem. Hoc avitcm patet 
efiTcobleftum, effe^um odii- magis quamamo- 
lis, & diledionis. Eil cnin :*acus infcliciflli- 
mus^ nemineprudentercligibiHs dcquo nihil 
deterius fummum odium parere poiiit. Acce- 
dit unum cx prxcepris divinis, per fe obligauti» 
kusfubtlantiam quamlibet rationalem^ e cPrae- 
ccptnm fperandi confecationem Beacitudiais. 
Qupd autem ^ Deo prxcipitur« a quocunque 
£t , prudcncer fit.. At non prudentei fp; ta- 
tui , qaod eft motaliccr ithponibile : Sciiltus 
iiquidemeft, quiid fpcrac , ^ui cx fua natura . 
conTctfit , UK nunqiiam comingat > quod {ue 
proptcreanunquamde facio con:ingct. 'Efgo 
impoflibile eft cx natura rei , nuilacjue faSa 
fuppoiitigacevpanc Qtuw^, us Dcus noa 




coafbratrubflantiz racionali lufHcrencrain tn#. 
xalem ad vitandapeccaa lethalia. qua vidclicet 
negata, leddirurinoralicerimpoiiibilis conte- 
cucio Beatirudinis. Dcbeturergo perle luifi. 
cientia nontantumphyiica j fed etiam moralis 
ad virandapeccaca , lalrem letlialia, ^uar fola 
£mplicitcr dicuotur peccara. 
" Ad Prinium. Aliquando per accidens contin> ■ 
^^it . ut delit fufficientta. moralis ad vitandum 
peccatum propter multiplicemcombinationeni 
caufarumfecundarum, ^uxaliquando nccefli* 
tatmoraliceradbDimm , aliquando ad maium. . 
Caeterummodva honeda impeJIenti« ad a^us 
bonos , habet vim perrrahendi Toiuatarem,ne. 
quaquam minorem ex fua natuira , quam quap 
xncft motivis permoventibus ad peccandum. 
Vnd^perre voluntasrepeiiiurinter utrumque 
extremum aequilibcata « oum eti in via. Ne« 
<}ue vero omne id , quod aliquando contin- 
git aliquo detcrminato modo , eo ipfo fieri 
poreft, ut contingat rrmper codemmodona- 
turalitcr : Quia cauUrum fecundarum occur« 
fus naturalinccefliiatefunt varit, propter mo'- 
tum , & multiplicem afpeftum corporum cxie- 
flium,& vertibilitatem Axbiuiiccetti,ex quibu« - 
catccra dependent. 

Ad Secundum. Partet refpofifio «x proximi 
.<nftis ; qnia^ufficicntxa minima intcc omnca 
naturaliter p^flfibilet , non poteft uniformi-- 
teromnibiis , &remperconringerc , juataext-' 
l.entiam iMttfiUttiii natttralittm , L( gefoue na« 

tttlX. ' 



I 






Wfitm CogiiJtih cm^HA fii grttim fit^ 
firAdmi4i CreAacm , ^ Euvatfsm 
ftffMtln fir.g^lQ Tum prajit 9vu SidiH ? 

rl D E T LI R noo effc, Prfmo. Qjah- 
Sufj^ekmta ad opuabtiiuiii pro nuJfo5t«ttL 
; fr^fca fupcraddi^a Cca tcf/ii atir et^ ra:io. 
, Li[ di^iim t'[t '.]. . Hjbit^ auicm luiHci- 
itia nd ali(]uod opus , in propria cuju(qa& 
iceilacf iitum eil, iliud facere^vel omitteie : 
;c ad gratiam alteriusamplius fpedat , ida- 
1 haberc , quod quis jam habet in propria 
icedace. (^x les videtur clarccontinen in 
lobus norifli:nis D. Auguflini Principiis» 
'uriam ejfe materrar^ Oratitnu &ferperam §ran'' 
peti abafie 'fued hahrat in poteftate. At facerc 
)nuin opus, dc uti futficicntia )am habita ,e(l 
ipia habece cogitaiionem congruam. Eigb 
>gitatio congrua refpfitu nuiims poteft ciTc 
-atia fp 'cialis moralitei fupeiaddita Cccatio* 
i.aotelevttioni. 

Sccundb. Qui habuitfu/Hcientiam ad opus 
snum, ii illud non exequatuc mcriib rcprc- 
enditur; Jion autcm pecciln critb reprehcn- 
i , quia Deusnon contoiit ei nonamgratiani. 
[emocBiin jure repreh«;nditur deopf re alic- 
o piatftito , vel non ^rztlito. Esgo qnod 
oft hibitam rufficientiam addatur opus bo- 
um > & j>ioiadc habciitux Cogitgiio con^ 



1$ S^sfti» IV. > 

«giui > non eft nova Dci Gratia diftin£la \ 
lunfTcientia a4 bene operandumsqucutitcruin 
ditftain e(t»non- «ft Gtacia fuperiddita Creatio- 
n^,aiitElievarioni. ' 

T.eriio , D. Paulushortatur,ne in vacuum 
Giatiain Dex cecipianiasz. adCorfnth. 6. £r* 
goadaos fpecbt , Scnonad novam Dei Gra- 
tiam , ne ipfam iu vacuum lecipiamus. Ac 
noniavacaum recipt.). e& fanftam cogitatio* 
nem^ Deodatameue congruam. Ergo quod 
cogitatio a Deodatafic cohgrua, nunquam eft 
Bova Gratia} {cdtik opus ipiius jam habentis 
fufHciciitiam a Deo. 

Rcfp. ExcenTusquiIibetuniusindividiii com- 
paratione alteriuseilGratia Dei aliquomodo 
dilUnda^Do^oCreationis , H in Aatu £lev«- 
tionis ab Elevatione fecundam fe. Q.uod Ji* 
quecexillo primz adCor. 4. Shss te difiernitf 
Quilibuet enim exceffus difcernit habentem iU 
lam^ nonhabente; Contingitauiemaliquos 
habcrefufficientiam a^iopus, & non opcrari i 
ac proinde non fortiricogttationem congruam, 
habica fuflficienti'^. Ficriquin etiam potcd, nt 
^ui.sdecedatportprimumpeccatum .Scante o- 
. aincopus bonum, idcoque habit^ fufficientia 
•dopusbonum, Se nulla nihilominus habir^ 
Con^rua co^itatione; Ergo qnxlibet c^^n- 
ffua cogitatio cftaliquiscxccflus habentis tU 
lam refpedu non habentiseandcm. Ergo ca- 
dem congrnaCognyio, eft Gcaria moralitei 
diftinftaadono Creacionis , & pro Scatu £le* 
irationis, ab ipfa Elf vatione fecundutn fc pr«- 
ciicconfidctata , ref|^edlucujurvislndividuide- 
tcnr.ii:ateru.i>pti. 
AdprimiuQ.- ?oA habicamfull^cic&tiani.ita 

cft 



poctiiaHtfii^cre, Af non facefe,i)tMi^tuii)rubia» 

Sc eumcongruJutc , rej rjpotrust cQineiittiini 
<orttm rdpia coii)tttjgeturT ad robm^cirinci Ji- 
bcfuT) pCi&cJcftlon(rii potel^temciuc di^inAai , 
Bciu4e Ycro hjikito auxJUrf qtitid Ac quak &f lu 
przclrgent, moftrs confcqucatcrpotetltits^ Ec 
Ukf i£ Elrdion is cll coorcsiif c j ? H «on confcn- 
tiit.opcraii benr.vclnoii opcnii* Raudnc pti^ 
ibtic^ionisdicirurDf oac hominibns. f**wrf* 
ittfD^rntniMd tt', racifincpoflcflori^ diciryi b<L- 
minibusa Deo Converttmint ad nMtj, Quoxumalte- 
lum atceiUtui Grati« divinz i Altcmm uoftix 
libeitaci, in codrm opcic bono. Quo4 autcia 
hoc modo (imultanec flibjacet poceftati ac libcis 
£lcdiontduoium,potcftc(reGiatiaalteiiuscr* 
ga aicerum noii obHantc libcia hujat potcfUte - 
ciicaidcm, iiTcmcdiacefiveimmcdiate. Qaa« 
le Auguflinus, dum dicic , Ferpeiam pcti ab 
alio , quodhabeasiapotedate, loquitux dcco 
quod /quis habet in fua fola poteftatc. Id ni» 
miium dicicagcn^contia Pclagiuin , quiafTcre* 
batnoftixfolttmmodo poteftatts, U libcix £le<* 
ftionis elTcageie vel non ageic « poiitodono 
Cicationis, dcretcntooidine natuiaii , 8cne- 
ceflariocaufarum lecaadaium, quodcd hxic- 
ticum. 

Adrccundum. Idcb meiitb repieheQditnr, 
^ninon exequitar opus bonum , ad quod ha- 
bet rufficieati^ y-^juia fua Toluntate apponic 
impedtmencum fpcciaH Gratix Dci , quz in 



1« '. i|fc^./?« V.. 

46 cxpotata eft. Indidem pacct refpenfio ad 
tertium. (j^uandp eiiimpetirur , neinvacuum 
^iatiam Deircfii^ia.iius , hoc a nobis petitirr« 
ne iinp«4iineatum apponamus fpeciali Grariae 
ft)ei» liiLCqngruicatiCaraiiae jatnhabicae. Quod 
•eft^muiiiac^omnibus Theologis CathoIicis> 
utcamqmc*diaexaac in modo expUcftndi , ac de- 
Itndcndi. 

QJJi£STIO V. 

Vtrum'. Logttmp cengrua fit debita ex 
ftiUtKrwrnffaltemvage , alicHi , Tjrgl 
a/ifttHftu ex tota Hominnm mA H^ 
tudine^fro quovis fiatH \ 

VI D E T U B. non etfe debitt. 7timb« 
Quia nallid^tcrminaterumpto eftdebicauU 
la\conf rua COgitatio , ut nupcr di&ura eft. 

. Ei-gb ncc vflg^, &iadercrminat^debecur. Pa- 
tci con(equencia. Quiaqaod nuili c!^ debi- 
tom , eft omnibus indebicum. Nam HuUm hm- 
yalet «mny, Probatur rurfus conrcqurncia^ 
Qn^ia Deo cz multiplicicate eligibilium , & in» 
'fl^antiuili » proqaibaselfgercfiotcft,nu!la pror- 
fiiiAccrc/^itneceffftis «ItgendiaUqaod ex illis, 
ut-liqBCt ejt cle^ion^ creandi mundum, quie 
fuitexpersomnis neccfntacis cumphyticx, tum 
moralis: tamccii efTcnc infiniri Mundi eligibi- 
Je^ , & infinita in unoquoq e individua .& pro 
'infini'is temporiim di.fcrcntiis 3 atque iii op- 

,^o^ifum non iij/>pcterct, aift unicaclcdio : & 




otiic»i^Vt^endi modn^ , oihil nnqpMm piodu- 

ncm non de^c^ Vtm tjc mtun tei , itleoijuc 
pdtctl iitg^tc cuilibct Indivtduo dcttimiti^i 
COfigriii'ii cogiiaiiun}t:Bi , porcJl rjj]de-(n *o- 
^enn inoio iirg«xc cori boniifium coJJe^Qni 

Sectindo. Si ncccJTr ciTet tiemn c«ti^rtc- 
■liqusiin Cojgifatjoncm coogiuairi toti homi^ 
Wim colltbtiojii unoquoqu^ hi>niin€ vage ,4c' 

gioh^u dcaliquo bonoopcje j quaii uon Af- 
c<pi{lct i!lu4 i Droi ^uod n<iii miatis Ab'\i£* 
duax cii p 4^am Ji alii|ujt hoiuo iii paniculan' 
pofTct gloriaridc fuo operc beno , q^mdnQR. 
lccepib. Kcc ctiim rrjinu^ drpcjidet ^ Dcbt 
BteJLLi mikiicoitjia praiuitarota Code^tio ho* 
sninum, quamq^ilibct home rcorftm , ac de- 
terminate. .. 

Tcrtib. Q^ui dixit, Necejfe efi ut vtnUnt fcan^ 
dala ; Non dixit fimili tc r neceffh efi ut veniant bona ■•■ 
txemfla, Ergonon ita nccclfc cft fcfpcdiu d.i- 
vina: potentiz » ut iarglatur vagc alicui Indivi- 
duocogitaiionem congruam , iicut necefeed 
lationc fragilitatis humanx , ut aliquis homo 
peccet, fuaque calpa impedtat Cogitatioticm 
congruam, atquc cum foJa incongrua iciin^ 
^uatur. 

^artp. Si congrua cogiratio «(Tct dehita 
indeteiminatc alicui ex tota Hominum coJIe-. 
iftionc , cuilibet homiJii efTetoptabile, utca- 
terisoiDnibu8da(etniC€>gitatio incongrua , & 
c«nfcquenter , ut cceteri omnes pcccarent (cm- 
per. C^uiaquoddi^etuf indctcxminaicalicuicx 
ai/li/fudiac , ^diUtut dctciminkti dtbituia 



onicuilibet , ii cortcris oninfbtis ncfftar. £ft 
antemoptabileunicuilibet» utfibi fitdebita de- 
tcrminatcCositatio congrna. Ergo firaellin- 
determinate dcbita alicts} , ex tota hominum 
colkdione, uni cnilibet eft optabilc, ut cce- 
terisoronibus eademnegetur « hoccft« utccB- 
teiit omnibus dettir cogitatio incongma , Ac 
Gonfcqurnter ut coeteri omnespcccent, qttod 
cftabfurdum. 

Quinto. Liberum Deo fuit ejigere exi(lea* 
tiam^ vcl eorum tantiim , quipcccatutierant: 
yelcorum tantiim , qui crant bencoperaturi, 
cademque eft ratfo de oporcunitatibus & ctr« 
ciimftantiis tum bene, tum mal^opcrandi.Er- 
ge necelTe non eft ex natura rei , ncc ctiam va- 
gd, ut detui alicui aliqua coogrua cogitatio, 
vel ut detui alicui aliqua cogitaiio incon* 
crua; fed potuit facere Deus , ut omncs , Bc 
lemper habercnt cogitationemcongruam: vei 
ut omnesdc fempei habeient cogitationem io- 
congruam. 

Refp. In qnalibet muhitudine ctufarums- 
que, aut feie iadiifecentiumad utramquepsr- 
tem contiadiflionis , aut contrarietatis , eft 
magis probabile, fururam clTe quamlibet dif. 
fbrmitatem determinat^ fumptam » quam tora- 
lem omnium nnifoimitatcm,» ie fvturam ciTe 
Aajoiem quamlibet diffbrmiutem , quj^m mi- 
AOicm.V. G. diffoimitatem immediatam mini- 
maKomniQnidiiformitatt , qtumlp(amomnium 
minimamdifformitatem, 0c fic de coeterisfimi- 
litcr. Quia aniformitas toialts habet plures rau- 
(as adacquatas > quarum quxliber fe fola pollit 
illam impedirc, quain difformitas omnium mi- 
jaima, Totaiem ctcnim uaif<»xmitJtcm potell 



jmpedirf f^ fofoquiljb^t blfiariu$cQafciituiiii 
cdTlc^lone, Qurfibct narr.qucduo cjccoUe^io-, 
ne fufficiiiuc (t iolit, vt «trcf corum rcJic , fie 
*l:cr n»Iit: & hoc pofi ro ^uon^odcictitnr^uc fc 
£etantcc£rcri iitn cric impediri mujif ucifor* 
mitmf 4 ui f itct. £r|^o uoifof mf fat rot habrt ctii > 
rasadzquutss impcditirst Cit, quotruiii binarii 
iti cckUcftionc conccnti. Ar (llftartnirttcm om- 
Aiaui mini,mim nalJi dua pf^fTuiit impe<iirc ^V 
fOf U« Si cai m i itet ci duob u* veUt, & aitc i no« 
lit , pofTuntccEUnomnesconrcacJ iocoltf-^iov 
nc t uitili&eT cotuin acccdercj iiffuclta con* 
ftitucrc dilforii^itarrjn ouinjuin rajoiimm. St 
Teronrcrquc vclit, Jututrp^ucniltiripotcruBC 
iUJs airceacfe cccret i tcl pJuJCf , vel p«iiciorei, 
vel umnei prztet qaum : «tqaeitaeonftttucrc 
dtffotmt^atcm omnium ininimapi ^ Tctoinnium 
m^ntitiimt Hrgo ditformiras omnium tt>intmi 
fionJiabct tot caufasadxquarasimpeditivasfui, 
quot funt binariita collcftione contcmi: Atque 
adeb non habct totcaulasadzquatas innpediti- 
vatfui^ quot funt c4afx adzquataeimpedicinB 
uniformitatis. 

Similiter quilibetqnatermirius fufllicitfc foI« 
ad impediendam diftormitatememninn) nuni- 
mam. Quilibet cnimquaternartus fafiicitrc fo- 
lo, utduoveUnt, & duo alii nolint > qu«po- 
iitoeritimprditadififotmitas omnium minima; 
de cujus yidelicet latione eft . utunustantum 
iltdi^conformis, caeterisomnibusintcr {iecon- 
formibus. AtdifFormitatemimmcdiatamjninivi 
XDZ nullns quaternarius poted impedite fe folo. 
Quia ix omncs qusltuor velint , vel d omnes qua* 
tuoraoliBt, poffunt illisaccedere caeccri , fo« 
lis dttobni uonacccdeasibas„ quQy^&to tnt dif« 

foCffii- 



ditformiras imiiied.i^ta-omaium miiiimnc, iitpo* 
t^ x[VLX conllitic in conformirare omnium pisccc 
duos. Si Y.er6duo velinc , £cduo nolinc , ucri- 
'libec binario poirunr alii omoes accedcre , ouo 
,eti4 pofitacritdiftocmicas immediata omnium 
JBinimx. Sl deniqueunus veltt, &tccsnoIiar» 
iuc unas relic fic trcs nolinc , .quc elt poftrema 
CQnbiuttio intecquacuor, poteruncillis tcibus 
accedcce c<Bteri piztec unum, quononminus 
pdiica .erit eadcin diifocinitas imxqediaca miai- 
mx^ iiquid.em^uncduo diKoofecmcs^confoc* 
mibus-cetcccis om>aibas. Eadcm ctt racio de qua- 
«libct alia ditfomicac^ majQfi comfaraca cum 
minori.Habcc i^ituc pluces caula ^dxquatas im- 
.pcdiciyas fui uoiCbcmicas coralis > quam qualibet 
dtffocrpitacik ipecies de^^rminace fumpca j & 
quxUi>cc didQfoaua^ ^inoc , quam major: d- 
4ntdciD>4li quaLUbcicolUAioae/uncpluccj bi- 
BsriL, quam quaxecnarii , &plurcsquatexnarii, 
quaoi quslibcc majorcombinatiip» £cc. 
: MilnifefliKn au«cm eft , prob^biUus efle id 
imfedietidum efle, quod habcc plurcs caulas 
•dxquatasimpedtrivas/ui , quarumquxlibeceft 
siqu^indifercnsad impediciiduin, ▼clnonim- 
pcdiendum , quaniid impcdiendum eire , quod 
habet pauciores ciufmodi caufas impeditiYas 
fni. Quiaqo«Ubctcaufasei)ueiuditfecensad*im- 
f edicndum , ycl non impediendum aUquod V^ 
G. fubmeriionem navis, fc fp]are<ddttaUqnace> 
HQsprobabilcm impedicionem fubmerfionis,9c 
^ndatfpcmaUquam , qubd fequctur impedi- 
tior JLrdditeniin verum hoc iudrcium. F»TUfu 
MftdHtmr. £rgo d iUicaufjc addacuraiia timilis 
-caula |K>tcns irtipedice* crefc^t probabiIicas& 
^cs xrapcdiuoBis : iiquidcm qiiodvis finirum 

•cccfcit. 



plurcs ejuljnodi CJtjfx impedirlv^, eo trir m«- 
gis prtbifrilj^ fijTurido imfediti^oii^n ieirrrue 
Iperjbjlis iirjprtjifjo.- -M^g^s J^iJiJriirobab-ile elt 
jmpfdicndum elTe , quod hihct pluic» »uli». 
«dxquaTas imprdirivai iui t tju^rum qu^hbet 
elixque mdittCTtoh td iwpeiSlcndum >, & non 
ii[i|^c4iri^duEn I ffu^m cjiiod Jubct paudorese^ 
jui^ddiczura^impfdiuvas fui. 

Miaife{lum rurfiis^fi , ininusprobAb fr efT^; 
iii cMe furufunt , ^uod eft m^gll probaHile f mli» 
pedi<ndum e^ye. *tur* [uaioriirob3biJ?ta$urTiiii 
I^dr^is concndj^ionis t cft per LeJ|*'am Tnincr 
probiibilnai ^ippofjTxpirtis. MiiTiJ5 igirurpro^ 
pabile c?ft fuiur>m efic uuiforitiiiarem , ^uam 
dtHoiinitacem quainiJbeCj Sc turcr dii^ormira- 
teai fururim efrcmaiorem , cfuatti itiinoT|fu> dff- 
jHDrmitaTern in quatibet colledionc pfurJum» 
^uorum quiliber lii ;i9uc indifcereniid utfim* 
que paxtcm conrr^^dit^ioui^. 

Adde quo numtroiior fuerit multltii<to In- 
fJi^idLtoriim 2que Jridi^rrrnriLEnn Ad utr;»mn[ie 
pjrtcm «oncrddktJoALs , :< lorc n^inii^ pif«l>A- 
bilcu) uniformitatcm int.r i!Ia : Quia eo funt 
pIur^scauHr > quarum quziibetfuf^cit refolaad 
jmpcdiendiiii unifonriitatcnii & cbnrc^cjucntet 
c© eft majorexcefius numefi caafaruiii adacqua- 
rarum vajentium impedireUniformitatcm , qusk 
formaJitcriuirptarcmperconfiftif in indivihbi» 
Ji, ^pra numcrum caufarum adacquatarum, va< 
lentiumimpcdireu^am quamlibctdiftbrmitatis 
fpecicm. V. G. di»tormitatcm omnium mini» 
mam. Si cnim colledio Ht ccntum hominum» 
cauix adarquatqr valentcsimpcdirc uniformita- 
tcm cium quinquaginta» tot nam^ucfunr bi- 

irarii; 



14 • 'J8»^»#r. 

Batii * ytlcntes vero impedire dilforfiiirtteili 
omaium minimam, ciuuc folkm vigintiquin- 
que > juzcadi^ : Ideoque cxccifus eric penes 
viginci quinque. Si rttclus colie^^io fuertc du* 
ceacocum , idem exceiTas cricetdemracionepe-. 
«esquinquilgiiica , & lic de Gmtli qnalibectddi* 
Cione. Excefiustucem minorispcoDabillcttiseft 
omnine pcoportienacns excemii^^cnes nume- 
sam caiiun ctu&rum * uc tpptcet ex fuperiori 
diTcttclu. Qutce tuf endo rempec mulcitudincflt 
talium ctKitrum magis&magis» eo undem a- 
liqutndo devenietur , uc unifocmicts ficpeliicttt 
impcobtbilis» tc mortlicer impoifibilis : £t dif- 
fecmiits omaium mlnimt vtldcimpcobtbtlis,te 
(UfHcilis i & fic delcendendo ufquc t-d difformi* 
tttes mtjores • probabiUtcr eventucas , & eo 
piobabilins qub fuecinc majoces. 

.Cttmigicnrmulcitudo Hominum^ princi^i» 
td finem uique Mundi • iit propemodmn infiiii* 
Ui &tlittn«lefingnlishominibusiirpecreinae« 
gabilis ex aatuct rei , poteHasmostlis, ideftae* 

auettttfcce indiffecensad bcneiScmaleopenn- 
nm, utdi^um eftinqusft.pratc.requiturftiir* 
fe mostiiCerimpoiiibile.per (&• &exnatttrt cei» 
■comBeshomiaes.nulloprorfusexcepto, cea- 
yeoircat intes fe,tuc ia operando male,boni«ant 
in operando pro omnt tempoiis difiFeicatia,6c o- 
portunitate operandi.Qupd autcm eftmoralicsc 
ImpoiUbile^pcrfe^ Scfapremigeacrjs irapofli. 
bilitaccmorali>quaIi&procuJdubio CiUlla, qusB 
modo iilatt eft.nunqutm concingit. Igicur Dcus 
.noaprxvidit ulla hominuincoJleckionem seqt»- 
lem mulcitudiai hominum de fa^o exiftenci, U 
cxponcndtm, toC oporcunittcibus opcrandi, 
quoc cxiilunt dc Mo > fucaum^eire totttitex 

c#a- 



iia Miquein tci aiiqnos ocac epcnn eu 
sddBgrutin cogitanonemscert^cftiarepa- 
I congxQiuic cogiutionis i H eodem 
pcccare» eft qoid inrepaxabiletbincoB- 
:c cogitattoois. Quare fi cri nequaquam 
, ut toti iiominuin colleftioni (iunpcc 
ivi « negaictur congrua cogiratio , ant ut 
toti cidem coIle£Uv6 fumpcz daretor: £r. 
;giaa cogiratio cft innegabilis vag^ coti 
umcelledioni» proquovisftatuIo<|uen- 
fe j ac proinde non iiabet rationem Gia- 
eraddic» vel relpcftu Creationis , vel re- 
Elevationis, utfic , &incommuni,com- 
»ne totitts multitudinis hominum , fed 
tmparaiioBC alicu j us Indi vidui vagc fum* 

ifirmatur eltaliquorum Patmm refponfio- 
miqbam, Occcl^^brcmquxftioncm; Cuc 
cum fit rummebonus , ac bcnignus • non 
icrit omnia peccaia Angelorum, &Ho« 
1 , colque crca verir « ' prxrcius peccaturuis 



rijpii 5; Omiiiporens trgo nec fieri potuitut 
iaiva.eadeni Libertarisinditl('rcniiaimpedir<?tui 
,piTineo[>usboau^, nullaque conf« rreiurco^i- 
^ tatiocongrua.Conrec]uentiatcnet priinb, cjuia 
fnulritudo corum ,. quoi^um iinguri habent c- 
quarcpt f Hdl/ie^enriam ad altcriitium ex duobu^ 
extteniis , neutrum corum niajori neceflitate 
fundatain natura ralis multitudihis , inddccxe 
yalet, cjuamaJtrrum. Tcnet rurtusconrequen' 
liaaforiiori; Quia AugulHnusinreralios, apu4 
cundcm, ibideni docet remei, atque iteruoAi 
Peumnecpcrminurum fuifTcpeccara , necpro- 
du^turumJECcf roboainiiiexilliscoll C^urusfuif- 
irtfru£bus bonoruRi operum j &cxillisutilita- 
tcm i?ra:dci^inaro.rum Idque ubiquededucit ex 
natucareruRi^Scboniratisdiviux.Id veroperia- 
,de eft, arque diccre, nulli Deum collaturum 
fuiireCogiiationcm incongriumniGeidem ter 
aireri coliaturus fuifTvt co«{itatibnem. con- 
gruam. i: rgo iincceflV fuit cxnaturarei daret- 
licui , velaiiquibivisalnuando Cogirationem in- 
congriiam, nicenc utiquefuira foitfori ezna- 
rur&rei, utali^uam alicuiconferrctcogitatio- 
nemcongruamac proindc liujus ezi(l*nti& noa 
babtt tationem fpccialis Gratixrerpcdu lotim 
ColIe^i.onisHominum U vagerefpeftuaiicujuf 
individui. 

Adt. CoUcAioex xnultisconfltta, fuperad- 
4iitiingulisrc(iquis« undvf a fiuguJis dilUngut* 
turxealitcr inadajquatej ncutabuno.quoquedi^ 
iViiguunfir icaliccrcoctcTi. lisiiut-.m. qu.rdi- 
iii«:?uuMtiir rcaliccr . ^^oir.iiit ^•.r.u.iiv;ara conrra- 
d; -tori', conwiiitc l\on ;^itux '.aivt coniv.qi:cn- l 
fi ' ■: vl f\'ri:\r . c.\ iiidv l>irv. rcr|.'C:tii cujufvls 



ftrioutva^ , «intiteroaiiuitouci- 
lcftiTa.Inrciioflci, Cogitstio con* 
num opuf cujufque hAbct ex natnta 
dflibilitatem moialem cum umfot- 
quoium > quoad con^ruiutem , lc 
'ationcm » ut olienfum jam ed.Nun- 
1 edbona conffquentiaafin^ulis^ 
m, quoadea* auorum eziftentia iii 
rftezfua natuia incompol1ibilis,cuni 
dinmdem in coeteris. In Deo nulla 
seligibilium , aut inllancium, pr* 
eiepoteft ullam inducic prqbabili* 
i«nxs cafurz pocius in aliquodezil- 
exciemuraoppotituin confi;tensili 
C^uta iive eligibilia lint mnlta, fiT^ 
unicum , f .'mpcr eft unicum 8c in- 
orivum , lccau& eligrndi i fola nam- 
poceftbonicate eflTenriicruac. Atre- 
icaciscieatc , cot funt cauiz motiTae 
uoc funt cligibilia i atque multi- 
fis, quaiumqiiaelibec iumcttad iii« 



Adt. Kulla multuiido hominam» an 

.xumquaiaiQnbec caufarumperfefte indifl 

tiuni ad bonum <&: maluin acqUalis multii 

. hominum dcfaftoexiftenti, ed indi(fer< 

naturaiei, uttotacol)«£tivceareatcogira 

congrna, fedeftez naturaxei determinaf 

temisoralicet j uc injStcongfuir^ alicui 

Tiduo. Quare de tali. determinatione gl 

.lionpoteft» quad de aliquo nonaccepto a 

nec^pcopterea habct aliquid > perquocf d 

Da^tur ^b ajia fimili muhitudine. Nihil 

ptoptcrea habet , de quo gloriari poifit > 

^oatiLderenonaccepca^Deo, &quaiire 

ip^amdifcrcveric ab alzamultitudine. 

Ad^. NionminusneccfTe t(k: Ccrtc non 
.t6 minust.autmulto aliter necefle eft , u 
veniantbo^a exempla, qHamut reniant 
daia ,.poiiti pcrfe&A Hngulorum homint 
^ifl:erennt,^d uttumlibetillorum. Coei 
-quiaftandatapcoveniuntabhominibua.q 
ea ruppjofitiQ oon eft iibera -, proptcrea abi 
dicituc, ntceffi^pjfi »$ vetitattt fcandaU. Quj 
xumnecciCtas.noncfl vitabilis acauiaipfe 
£td eft inevitabilu « modo jam explicaco. i 
jiaexempIaprovcniuntaDco,tanquamaj 
&principaIiiprorum Au&ore;acquc ipfin 
inevicabilis i fed omninolibera iHppoOti 
llcntiz hominum, & indifPcicntia eoran 
Ut denc bona excmpla, ac propterea , aon ] 
eodemmodQ abfofute diciquOdnccelTci 
vcniaotbona excn^pla. Quia videlicet, rel 
6auiW principalis , & prjrcipua: ipforum , n 
ncccHaria fuppoficio fundans neceifitaccj 
.f um, qualis esplicaca cfr. 

Ad 4.. Quando ncccfliiii va^a fflulcitu 



;. Qwa amilQiiKqae eodcm pcohuj mo^ 
nfsnnu ia tthi primo ad fuaa cleftio*. 
loaam vel oiAUm , cceteris omaibas^uo* 
nber CrlMbeacibat,-aec redditoxoeliocis 
rioais, ^aoed tleftiooembotiimfaciea* 
8c Tittadim mtUm, ct eo oaod coeceri o - 
it eleAioaem boatm , (kmciaatmaUiv. 
limetanoquolibet (ic, vel tlicei opexta- 
lundtt in aliqaem tliampeealitris difpo- 
rat « ▼elmilt.ipfumpecaliariccrtacds* 
itas,aatalliciens,ut eligatbeac • utque 
mtUin ele^liba ^ia. Hic nimCram cft ca* 
qaoquacricurin prafeaci: fed cauftcxqul-' 
oaem. qaodcogniirioeleAt6atsmalsfa« 
oetecis omatbusconceacis iocolle£kione« 
'unum« dececmtnec InceUcftdai ad iudi- 
m illum anain fafturum effe bonam ele- 
m, 0c habiturum effc congruamcogitatio- 
DeccMiinat Terb legicimies?idl(cdrfaf 
oris: At eleftio reliqaorum. prx^cr aaum» 



..«.j.*. .t>a.:^~^~ 



;it:... . — :-. 



neceflfitate va§t non ^niataimpeifeAl indife^ 
rentia fiDgulorum , aJia louge fatio c^, uc appa^ 
zet coflfiderajiti ,^uz dida ftintt 
'Ad f. Oinnia cieau fuDt libet^ Dcfi abfolutc 
itk ut^mljbct pattem i Nsii timcn fada q ualibct 
fuppofitione, quia fuppoliEio aljguo^um e^c- 
dnomiflducJt fz-pe neccfitatcm fjuoadailcjuot 
aJioreffeftus , ut rxponcruf quxdioric feq. at^ 
que cjufihodi fuppofitio cA c&iiUatiii «auiacua 
iecundanim libcrarum re^c^u mttltitudinisip« 
farum $ & indc refpc^n difkoAformitatis intc^ 
eafdem , quoadbene* fcmolc opciandum i ut 
dtftumeft. Unde smpoflibilc fuitcx naturaici* 
nr eziftercnc; Tci folioperatuii fempei bcAi> 
Tcl fo^ opcr»uffliempei malc, 

CVU iC S T I O VL 

VtPHm divifio GrdtU in nsUurdlem ♦ d 
ftifernaturxlem fit divifio in jiuxi» 
HHmdebitHm (g indehitum} 

^ldctnrnoneire.i. QuiaBoBaindolci, prs« 
^ <;Jltinm icumen logenii > Splcndor Nau^ ' 
UHtt, dirtcic , Principatus, 8e iimilia» nuili liOr 
mini dcbeatur ; fcd Dcus ct Jargitnr cui vult , li. 
bcc^iitef , ^ grttios^ s 0c ttmcn funt bona om- 
aino Qtturtlit. Erg6 aoireonvertitur ladcbituiiL 
cum SnpcrnaruraliineqneCoaaituitlecum eoi, 
^uod.debctur. 

z. Cuilibet ineftcapacitasUniverfalisad om* 
niaiibiconfetibiiia^Dcoi &Deonmihtcrcpn« 
vcnit pocclias univctialis confcicndi oninia. 



inveiti nequaqoaiii pareft,/cnm dld 
equat]iiain fubiiftente reipfii dW de^- 
iiKibiti. 1 

lanteqaam qoidqnaiti ctearet , aiMJ 
lebcbat , nec dcberr poterat , quandtt* 
tt , cui iliquid dcberetur. At doini- 
non eft diminurumpoftcreationem» 
•acilc poteft ▼ertcrcin nihilumtotam 
▼eriitatera. quam facii^.totamdeni» 
saTlf. ^•m4UHtanqusmm«mfntMmJt»ttmi 
%teti9 §rhi tertdrum , 6c fan^mampttta r#» 
tty ^ua defcendit im terrsm. Ut habctuc 
: igitnr volubile rotum iioc uniTerfuiiv 
is panem, quoad eflc, & non elTci 
a cft in-linabilis in utramvis lancium 
p ficut guttarotiseft ezficcabilis, Sc 
[Tcehs Vi calotis folaris. Qubd fi hac 
>ruin hde univerfnin annihtlabil^ ^ft) 
ti ilTi 'ua exiftentia Sc confcrvatto mt- 
tur- nuflautiq'ueparseius, alli alteri 

■ *rt» /7«* namralic ffla (kr . itvr ftl.- 



12 jfgMjh§Vt: 

diiceretut in hocunivetrum.Ergofitio: 
tinonconveiciturcum fupernaturali. 

5. Debituni& indebicum dlcuntiir tc 
liacuiamcujufque, feuad cujufqucezig 
intriQre^am. Natuiale vet6& Gipernacu 
oaotMireUit^ ad tocam Katuram • totam 
xum iibi invicem connaturaIiumcolle£t 
■&fupeu)atur^Ie exconccptu fuo evehiti 
omnem Naturamcreatam«.&crcabilem 
latio debiti & indcbiti > atque Katura 
fMpernatutalis non liint conceptnsinvice 
vertibilesi fcdomninbdirparati* 

6. Dona^ fupernacuraiia funtinvicem 
sci., 5cio auibufdam eommcencinecni n 
bitir< fpe&uaUoram, non fecus atque r( 
Aisnaturalis funt invicem connezsE, U 
Dofitioneqaammdamezillif iquxdam s 
bentur. Erg« nullum ei\ difcrimen Debti 
debitiJnccrNacaralia,& fupernacuralia i 
derencur fub ead£ proportionali compar 

C. Licet ip(a voz Af^nMiwr^iir, 6- 1 
fttB49mr4Ut^^ tpudanumi yclafijim' ez P 
KccIeiUcrarenter ururpatareDeriatnr ; fr 
samcn. dc £uuiliaris ejas aius tpud foi 
Sbot^ Scbofaftieos iBcrcbuic « ttoneab 
czpofita , 8e decerminata, tc ftaoili fi| 
lione donttt-cft. Quod nenio in antiq 
inodcuiis Aadoribus vcrijitniindabiai 
ctx^ pdteft. S^gaififittioQem tutem huju 
tpajSpbdltfticos. etmeiTe, qMmnos' 
Amns,,djeprelCen4i£i<iI^ poteft,/z Prin 
DoA^ins.f ^hdUfticc , Mtgiftro , iBc D. 1 
Jdaglfter cnim ia 2. Axd. <|. lit. K. eum 
jSfTet, perpeccatamhominemfiiifre fp( 



iM Xuftfm ith$rMlUmtf^4*kit9 cdfitmt , «^ 
m/U •#«» Or«rUi «miic4«f, 1« eu a d sm; 
■limi 'cx^onnnres eoafeniii aliorum- 
mita , dona rupexnatunlia Soto de 
it. fub iitit. Suar. Opufc. 1. 1. 1. c. k fc- 
Graiud. &aliicoiBinuQitexin pxsicn* 

^n^ortbdebiri, flcladcbiti coafiilfT, 
tione U dtftStu proporrionit ttniuf ' 
Gta tttfrius.Xadone enimtaiiapio» 
teddituc ianegtbilis una xetaltcris 
verb ob dtfcftum ejiinicta prbpoxf io* 
ctt intefaliosD.-^Tlicrmasi.p. q<:^l.( 
cont. Gcat. c. ts. U 19. Ubi Scaiuic- 
debico Juflitis conferre nnicui<|uc. 
qaidqnidcf^iMi proporrionatai» » fc 
aoum conTnueBtem oxdiaeiii cjm^ 
Iitturin4.ditt. ^C,(^, l.a. «.q;«Jt:t.i. 
idMtms tdiUm CnuwmmffMdmtmt;'^^' 
, iniftffrrtmfefi ^i tmtistum m0il44 ; fiU.: 



14. ^ J|**/mP7. 

Si cui hitc .tJifoliuo «blcurt idkuc » Scln* 
plicaca videttui ^ laiticEii in fc £c^ faris^cJan, 
^ claii(fin;iaai habcDfl Aud&rdin j aique «< lc- 
gidma, &Hnccu Ecium conQdcutioae iacil^ 
inlinuabilis aninao i Dici uitcfius fh^tcft > id. 
ctCe unicuiqae proporiionatum , & dcbitiun 
lationepropomoniSk q uo d iic<e iTe eft ut ipli. 
Aiperaddatur » nc tiicjuid peipccam eii^t m 
rerum Natura , Keyc Deu« aiiquid iuuulitcr 
focetit : Id^TcrbelTc fupra.p fap^rtiancfn , ac* 
qtie indcbitum, fic^ g-ittuitb (upeiad^eiidum, , 
quod.& proieft aiicui > 5c itmcn ea de cau&^ 
ncceiTaiium uoii eltev eiurdcm rei fuppijfiEio- 
ne. Suntnimirum aliqua « poft quz fi alit. 
quxdm nonfupcraddantur 1 perperam ea in- 
militerqtieejciAeut. Sienim cxiflac ojrgauiuni 
ifliproprui corpoEis humani cumoiziuibuiqui» 
Iit4tib«s fpe&antibus ad comptcm«at um p«i|e- 
fttoMii ejus » ei que noti (uperaddaEui Jtatma^ 
xaUonalis, inutiJiter profcdo 5c pcipciam e^ 
titerit or^nizatio 9 Fa^ oamquc e«unt Iitft tu- 
menta vi<lendi , audiendi &c. quocum aalliu« 
iHufuas quod eft perperam U. inutiliiet illa^ 
Ib^ietft.. Hempcfrm/hM tdUiMmiHfim k*€ 4ki*. 
mtm^ 4»fm.HHiUtPeskta»i0^'j utdicitaci.. de C99, 
lckr^^Temt, }i. StmilitcrlilKdeincetfiiaaim.c.««?. 
fine*. ■MMmrAmmt§m9Mt§ntrs tlsiMramftcit.Ap^. 
pelUt rtto Pliilorophui CtmrsMsmrmm , quodi 
fittlli Qfui ede poteft. Ncmpi hcc fuac Yexba. 
ejns ttnmediate pcaecedentia. Qoaxe fi eziftea* ^ 
tchominoBondacentac objefta taafibiilit., hc 
T?fibi4ia 8cc. Nonmiaus fruftra eziftercnt ia: 
eo potentictangendi, vidcndi &c. QuU.fra- 
ftraed potcntia ,cuiusnullus potefleile ufut. 
Bft Autcmdcbitttmcuiiibcicautau , aeperpe- 



>, caps Sapjciida; r*?pognit, ui pcrpcMm 
iie JnuuUtcr qujd<|uiiu agat. quo^ ui 
Kipiuni-cealiHmuii] , &■ ticqycna apmi 
Joftiplmui , ut Tjdc/c JCrt.pr^cip«e e* eo, 
( iJU UtiEe» dc in^fffn Anini. c. i. tlt^tm^ 
ff (inrariibitium in £4atur^ ) jit;iirmff/j, ^it» 
^TM^jiMfrit^rkfAciYt j fffiijimpetrx ru » ^a»^ 
i-e 'L^nima/jMm ^enftJ4 tjfentm £:amfiUfi*ttt , idamt^ 
mmtj^, SilmAm wb ttm fm tltm hti^mpdit * f f « iV<4- 
J« iii^^. S ^ g4 ri if I £ u r non pDtc (t l^JIc a l^- 
, qU7 quibuidam aJiii pailcis a panc 
LeceirariorubleQUJocut. Atqucc* jiCccJlI- 
jbrctutioniidebjtuin dppeJUtur, 
lu t Jiihilanuuui alU* i:| vz ii p^^ECJti^enttba» 
»4daBt)tCj ccdet id q,uldem maguu ipiiPH 
bono , Jcd li ticgtnmr lijhil prifptcrc4 di- 
ctJtfjTuftta jn tcfum Naturi j mhilquc iuu- 
!vadetcx patte rcrum pi^cJiiLUDiium. Si 
t Hum^nitdtt CKHlii fccyDdua^ fu^ ptfcdi- 
quidditatUa coDiidcut;ic dau tion tui e.E 
Hfpoiljttica , quzctt Tiiaxiii)i ip;Iu« pcr- 
ti , aaa ptoptt:tea p/^r^^ifi^ui i ac iuuiiliEci 
ifTet , fcH cum i;ota..^4 uiiJiiAtc ^ 5: ^'om- 
ijrione divitix Sjpicnujr , cuui «;u^ cxi- 
feJiqua: l^uruaniutciDoa3rIiumptc a Vef 
>^iio. ^imxtitc^ llFropIietisjicgAU tuiffet 
i.iic>/ututoruLD rqatLHgcutiUba , t^^i^ pi^/ 
cverecum cerEifud^nc » uou£iop[ci£';i cjiC- 
ftf^dEpei^Kn.^srs can.rujtatii^ ,;6i^ (i^/curijl- 
rc» fuLWJli Scd fuii^ tota c^ utilit^tCjjMm 
-ad^ ia c^teri^ honirnibi4^ exiiUCb Nf* 
git Uf n an mag i s . . p ^t cil d,i ri %I j qua « , q lur 
is pf«mftcatibi)$. .C\ij^Qiid4»^W: , i>Koimt 



1« • JfejjKiW.' 

^uidem ilUs pliinmani : fcd (i non (bfoidda: 
tur, nihii pro]pTeiek ez pactc praeexifte»cla 
xedandcc , auciuutilicer cxK^ac ; atque id< 
neceiTenonat , ut fuperaddancur , atcen 

Spcise eotum , ti pnr.exiftcmivmnatur^} qi 
egscio ttecei&tAti^ >-admine ladebxtifigm: 
atui. . 

Totiiftautilins, & inQtxUttstemra praeej 
ftentiuni , quibufdam aliis fuperadditis , a 
non .fuperaddicis reducicur in potentiam z6 
viuni. .f!:paf]ivam rerumpracexiilentium. Si 
Bim prxexiftatpotentia aliqua ,aucpa(nva,f 
priircipa^Us » feuiatlrumencalisr; negecur ve 
dcinde aliqnideocum , iine quibusimpoifibi 
omninoeft,. tahedli poteatiam xeduci in a&u 
fecaadum« ide^, exexceri a^one , aut pi 
iione decerminance adagendum 5c patienda 
fecnndam & totam fuam vircntem a^vam » 
paflivam , fruilbci pxocul dubio extiterit ta 
potentia» jnzta Principium Philofophi nup 
pofitum. Si vexo piaseziftente virttKe aUq 
a^vaaat^aifiva , faperaddatidr aUquid \ rati 
ne cajus producatux eCFeftua ., anc. inducat 
foxma pxaeftantiox* qaimqaa» iiifficitad exi 
citxunicotiu$virtatls zGthx, ^padtTae pxce: 
ftentis^ id ptoculdnbxo erit Indebitnm , i 
que donatam , nTiI|a pxseaiftente Becc6ita 
donaticKiis , ex paxce eaxum xexum , quibus 
iixpexadditio. Subfiitic iuque diicrimen inti 
tum Debiti » 8c Indebxti ; Proportionati « 
txcedentispxopoccioncmxefpeftuciijusquei 
titatis: Pro ma joii ciaricae , obfervandum • 
xotam vixtatem aftivam , qoam exexcet ini 
ieftus humamxs , qtxantum cft ex fe in a^u 
'£0MJSVcJj»iit&icl diTxa« > ^«(cuictiaoi 



M^^ h 1 1 Ti^ a ar ! <: X ce ff^ i vi£ (^s I ■ fup r4 c q^it i 9- 

ncjn 3bltc3£tiT«ni } AcltcfctiiETiA^, /Upra li!^«^ 
fktitifioftpfovcnit formilJtci^b inc^tle^q * «u£ 
«K m^for^ fpiiir> freandum fc ctm^ra ^ rc4 e^g 
liifHJiic Givd^i 0( tNbitii Fi^ci 1 Oc9 iiif;xliii 
SLmJNtcciou pcrfei^ibilimNxtnrx-JtinisiAnje.fic 
YLS ctiT^fraiHva Jijppofici Di^iiiicitttrcemi ^ ze« 
ducimr iii a£tuni lccundum » pcf fk^potiTuim 
)imi>vpuia« Ncitipe habitafuppolieo humafio, 
itacxplctU7 rorjeiuj In hoc g^cfirrcfapacius. 
mtaon pqA[t£iimJtitJamaliamiti6Gticitciam rc- 
Cip<fC. Vnijp SuppoHtum dtrinam tiobilia^ 
Auidon* Acutilin* cjipkt cipaciraicfit NuisfX 
AftEoaiiv i nori iam«ii niAf ii , am cntiorcm c«<i 
Hcioti&pmtem cjiplct, »«i ettm modutii, qui» 
l^ia va» nobUlui iinpkeur ^rrEiolb tiquore, 
cjuam vili , fed non magii* Q^x^urtiqac if^J* 
turciufmodirttnt, «uibm fupccadditif mcJ]u& 
li^bcAat pTxcsift^nru ic mcliort , aut effc^tt 
aut fornia CECfceaorur'^ iilileisfft^ noo fupe- 
t^dditis , uuJla nihiiominiu ia prxcjciiicTitt^ 
bnsT virtLis a^ivt , aut palUvt vscov ^ OEtofi, 
Icinutilisccddiiucicafuitt omniao gutittiaidt 
nuilat c n u s deb 1 ta , 

ContiogiE vcrW aliqua dcbcri moda di^o 
tage flc iiidetecminate j alia vcib omninfi dcEcr- 
fninati: Ali* rurfusmcdiaie a »111 vcto inime- 
di«ifc,t4mingciiciecauX« efficicAcis. quamiti 
fenccecaufx fublunaii 4eb«itutcKtftcntia Coc- 
poram coctcftium , quorum vidclicct vinutt *- 
aivinoiicoopetantc , nulla cauU fablttnariw 
potcftcxecccEc Cuam virtuccm aaivam Quil 
?cro Cocpoia coclcftia Jion m^g^s poiTunt to* 



^ineiifttt ooMe feiius «tfcdaaai producibi- 
liam y pcfqutQibor ctuftsrublunacesj acqut 
i4eo fappoiica cxiftcntiaCorporum coelelliuin 
AectiTtrit » ac dcbita OLftetiftcutia omnium cau*> 
&caairabluntrium; Fropterca unicuilibct.cau- 
fierubianaxrdebecur»^nUtem mediaie, coetectii 
rnnL^amiiun ctuftcum: lifblanarium i qusda 
Iktedtntuf^ :tnftentia« .Simiitter.]h:incipatuift 
bonrlndole»,; -pMcItxtJim Ingeniitm , Animi H 
Qorports figor milittris egregius * & fimilia 
nnlli homini feoundum Aitm priccisi fnbAtn* 
tknnconiidcrtto, determinatedebentur. Quia- 
ttmcncuivisjiomini dej>ctorexnttart reide«r 
termtnttecxiilentitplurium hominum quorun^ 
ruiAii maltkndinidcbeturttiquis ftiocepsqua 
Bon dtto • non^ oiTen t homines exorcere tottni 
dic^ibHitttem,de-vimdireftiTtm mututm* qu4| 
ipko ineft in ordine td commuuem utiJitatent* 
propteret.Principacut debetur unicuique homi« 
Biim vtg^ U indeteiminat^. Etdem ferirttio 
oil, de ratione Dcbiti- rcfpe^ bonc Indoiis,. 
icc. Quit unicuiTis dcterminate debetui exi'-^ 
ilentit Ctnitrttm ccnlcitium,: & fublunarium» 
cam mottt^ Ae diverfis inde mutuis ipiarumt- 
ipedJbnt t. ^ qaibut £mili neoe iCttte piove<* 
niuntinxqutlcs corporalesdifpofitionesomnia- 
geaerisintliis, acque tliis Individuis. Atque 
ex his, cttm eiufmodi diverHtate cxifiencibus, 
neceflfario proveniunt bona« &malt indoles: 
obcufitm Scitcutum lagenium , eomplcxioro* 
bnftt ,t fic^debilis ; A(.iimilia;intiiis« atqucttliit 
Individuis. Quftcumque igicur fuat ejufinodik 
ftitbent tbfoluttm.rationcm Debiti quatenut 
exiftcntealiquo , coialiquidaliud, faltcm mc- 
ditte ac tage dcbctBrmodo di(lo» ncce^e eft 



«JUUJLI.-CU tMUCUllUiU»«M.Mlil JUCUiBfC Q^: 

ECiladhuc dupltci modo habexe ratio- 
bici rerpeftaalioujus^.Frimbcji natu- 
me (ccujidttm fc p»cisi cobfidcratift. 
inett racioncm IbJehJti.ctiamluppo» 
!ncia. corum.omnium , qux iubjc^^o- 
comparacur, aliauoez modis huc uf- 
iptis , nuUaque h^iy quoad aliquid 
mppoficione concraria-» rctineac ratio- 
bici^ &quod cale tOt^ dicicurlndeblr. 
aciofum quoadfuhfiantiam. Quodau- 
idcbicumalictti rantiuixex fupDQiltione. 
cidencali ezcludcnte ab iplo aliquidf. 
ebitum, aliquocxiifclcm modisrupe* 
iracis, dicitur, fc eft indebitum caq* 
ndum modum. Propccrpriorem racio* 
ebiti^Unio Rypoft^i^tica diciturabomni* 
tSt i^dcbica 8c gratioia quoad fMbftan-. 
it(ka humans Natiurx. Q^ia vi4e|iccc 
ntc Nacura IjMinanl omnia U fingula, 
icbcntut tam vagc quam decemainacd 



4* \95^iiF/. 

gcntiscontfArti, 

EvhisitaqLJC ^mnibusap^rtrtcIjTirtibliflcrt 
di^crimcn itiirt C3 qt^£i]iilcuLqucdcb:nEitr cx 
Nacttcarei, abitSi quf runtutilcuicjuc iadcbi^- 
t:rexniturar<'i^ adeo^ucpofrifi i ac debLrxcaffiC* 
Aiari cbnverEibilemdivilioTiem Gratixiaaatii- 
xtlem , dc rupcrnirurafcm , ciufi dm&one 
Attxilii, in Indcbituin , AcDcbitnm j ac^ue quod' 
eritindcbitum <^ubad ^ubiUntiam , efTe Sapci- 
Aaturale quoad rubttantiam , Etfupcrnatnrale 
quoadmodum, quod ctHnde-bitum guoad mo-^ 
dum. Confirmatur bzc cjutdtvjfionii cxpofitJOi 
^utanociria tertfm lupcroacufalinm^ 5c difcri* 
nriiit eamm h natutaJibQs df itvata j^rimiriii eft 
iDtnaiinodo c%. (kciis iittirti ,' xvf qulbui tam^a 
jfttYta babetur comfaiat^odoiiorumrapcraita-' 
niiiim'c'um lub^tniii cr^abiMbua dcpotfntil'' 
ftb(blari, neoue-relitto.^^d prxdicataquzdam,' 
«Hat 4 noanuhis^TJicoIogis exGo^itata nupet 
Hfiitj '(edI«IuAcuABatiiracoram, quibusdo- 
Baiafant^Xert^ nemodabifitl). Petrum cs«' 
0reffiflrcdoii^(tipernataraIia*« damdicitc.i.fhiB - 
KciittJrEf ift. MMxims& frefi^fkn^bup-^miffki^m 
«Itrrr^Erumen qaod alxqnfd ref peAu at(ctf jas ^ \ 
jaazinham 8e pretiofum'» pendettanttrmkmu-'* 
tu^utriafqne inrer ft cbmparationt; Seclus^ 
BamqueqaaetunqueallaconfideraHone , jilazi- 
ihum refpeftu caiufque , & pretfd(am'eft , qnod 
cftolcradieniratemejua, proporciOBem in rali 
drgnitate fundatam* aftivitateTTi , & capacira* 
tem reducibiiem adxtjuate inaftum fecuAdum, 
pereffeftumadformamminorismomenti. Noa 
magisdubirari poteftqain D. Pauius oboculos 
fntcntcx ^Qiucdt Dgni fugciawuUx <\uoad 



adrqQite poteft totiTii t^H^A U paf* 
Bfqae hajns poteatix ; atquc in cor ha* 
lum & omBe id arccadit, qaodexefti- 
fiuJ , & illorofn ofBniuiii , quoittm exii. 
bi debetur , proTcairc poteft« Jem qnod- 
. dicir Chtiftuf DomxnutPetro Apofto- 
mt 94 SimoH BMrismSi fuiMCmrw &fi»fmm 
ivittih: jtd Pmtfr memfmimCmiu^; nt- 
ui dubitet eQrecxpreiliTum fideifupef» 
I ezifientifiti Pctro. Etgo ezcelTuscfiV- 
:aTirtorem adiTam coBTeni entem alicol 
fie rccundttmreprccisecoailderats* fle 
m ea quc iecum aftert , Ti fux dignitatis 
in ageodi, ^patiendiTiproprii, eft 
ibiliscuni conceptu doniiupernatora* 
1 obftrrarefieiliHcetiR omnibusfic fin- 
icrac ?agin« teftimoniis , qn« Saafti» 
i& Theologis perruarerunteziilcntiaai 
nfiiperoatnraliam} redfufticit in pro» 
,qn eam in reu fiint celcbtiora,8ccom- 



4t il2*^» yj» 

nl fitnplicitet -ttque oiniiibas mo4is> ()aaliief 
diffcum cll efreindcbirum donuni fupcriiaiuraJe, 

Ad 1. Capacicas cxplebilis totalirer perali- 
^uid inferioxis conditionis, iioc IblBni ceddit 
fibidebituaii noA Terbquod eftfupeciorit con» 
dirionU licetpei ip&m eafit oonmiBiiktf exple-^ 
bilif s . quia fi alrerum ez duobus inaequalibus i^- 
Mx^leadsqttec omninodignicatemalitujus, at« 
quealcefvtneztremom-iitpixftabilius . hocuil- 
que ertf fuper talem digoitaccm » nec ilJi dcbe- 
bitur. Capacitas autem unifexftlii fubftantia- 
rum cceararum ad omnia conferibilia ^Dco fem^ 
fextfilexplebiltscoraUcerper aliquid , cjii.b ma^ 
jusalittd eificere &.cooferreDcuspoiiit. Q^ar^ 
quiA aniTtf(iUica« ea lecipieadi , non eft «on*, ^ 
)iin^ cnm aaifonniuceinotdio«adomniafe< 
ccptibilia , non £icit , nt fiat •mniA Ycl debita 
Ttlindebiuoniformicer. ^ 

Adj* DominiumDei nttUa fuppoiitione 9 j^ 

Sefi,:aat minuipoteftj Jicet muJtiplicem |>of*, 
tnece(fitatem mbirei Ouia nuJIam nccflita* 
tem ad aJiquidcfeatttm Iiabere poteft d-icin^m- 
a79iuQUce(uaJiberacifcaiIJadiden? ob|c^m« 
Qiure fi Dens voluilTcc condet e ani? exrumciim * 
volancate.illud anniliiJandiintra tempusdetci. 
minatam , tam facile idprsftare pocuilTecquam 
fiwiU de fafto confervac in xcernum. Poteft tc* 
ib ucrumque infinita facilicate • idque fienihil 
amplioa iigni6cant ezempJum flacetc, &rofis 
«ntelucani. Nec enim his cjiemplis xepu^iut^ 
quod pxodaditq^ibafdam rebus ,. lcconkJYa- 
tia^ineffealia quadaoi nece(ratibadiieitntur,ne 
pecpemm ac inuulitec pxiou opcxa molicua (i( 
Ptttii ficut noa eftconcnTolubUitatemiUce- 
c«> ttt Hti miiTo in ttutmque Jancem acquali 



cgcric, id clf , ne contenipiJDiJis ae 
^cdda.rur, quoadpritriumopes ; (jcut 
i| (juilibet alius, e.xconuIioScelcftio- 
afaciens, lif opusfuUmcvadere^cinu* 
ine fuo carens. Di&um autem elt hu- 
onditionaiara Dci ncceilitatem cx Cup-^ 

alicujus acl a2ii]uid aliud^ dici dcbl-^ 
rcfpeAu hujus aliusv 
Accidentia & Froprxctates Angeli,Don 

homini cum unionc ad ipfum homi* 
ttetum dcbetur cidem , ut exir»ant 
im fuisaccideotibus 8t proprietatibuti 
ibct paxti Univerfi debetux mediat^ 
diat^ eziftentia omnium, & fingula- 
pariium conftituentium pcculiarcm a^ 
radum cntis. Idemdicxtux dt Angclo 
9 U inferiori fuo modo. Quare nihil 
i fimpliciterindcbitum ; ideoquenec 
iixale quoad fubftanciam: fcd roliiin 
iipcxaaturaliratcm quoad modum , {{ 

propria fubftantiz fuperioris accom- 




44 " ■ St^MJf^ti.' 

tuule aYiquid (fkitur > eil er:^>ntia & pn 
tio cujur^ue rei fundaca in cjus virtutc a 
It palHva.unexpofitum cft. Quacadcjn 
paratione debitum aliquid 2c indcSicuxr 
•xpofitnm iiidem(atitc(t. Qtipdn juxt 
ijuos Naturani , fupia quam CTchitur E 
pecnacifrale , accipeielihetprototi rrra 
turaUuin-aniverfitacc j dicatur elTc Col! 
Bcm rctum murub intcf fe cbnncxarufti 
liabfnttnmconnezionemcx parte fua no 
mimcitm rc atiqua crcata , utcziftente 
tc rci. Ordo vero fupernaturatis cft col 
fcrnmica intcrrec6nnezaramnt(i:nu!ha 
connezionem czpanefua nonmutuam ci 
liasaliiscceatis. Xiidam ninaitnmeft, qi 
l»9t ens nacoralc eonne£timediat2 , vet i 
diacicum aliisomnibas (pccicbus rerumc 
turaliam , eorumqae czillentiara (ibi d* 
laUemvagi, Scmediatij eumnullaverb 
pccnaturali habere connexionem. Ad I 
naturalia lieet in hoc cam rebus Batnr 
fonfenianc qubd mutuo interfe conB<-4 
codem modo , H ob eandem rattoaeir. in 
snendiffetant* qaod nonpolfintezerce 
tftm ruam Trcturem adiTam , 6c ptflivam a 
iftence^oi^llneNatanc , cuius ilta fiint pi 
tira* perfeftiva 8c elevativa ez nattira Iba » < 
pjropter habent connexionem cam tali of: 
ft.cumrebusin eo conrencls, cnjufmodi 
Tiei(nmc9nTeaircoRn^xi«lUtatliibBJ. J 
f tx h^c^atetad fpcjuffe. 



Vtmm emnia ^uxili^ cnndacemU in 
^^fin€m fHpernmmrMUm Jim mtnnfi^i 
W^prrnAinmlm l 

^7'DETIIIL aoa cfTe r, Qul* nan <ft b^ 

ccfl~ecaHcii; ^ririk Grici^ intfitirecf fupetni' 
tuuU. PAcrrc^^nrtqeicntiaT^uiA omaia inorita 
nataiall^ coatiite&tiirinc» imbjtiim porcjtiii^, 
& compri^dpixif um ^ £c coafcqucntcr aftuum 
iDtnnf^ce oafuraUnm » Ncmpc qiue riccddn^ 
^tgor^ni & fufficicnu^m N4tt;r£ fuDt co fpfo 
lupcrijatdtaLii. FiobaraaifCcdrDs Vilques i. 
i)uia Luc* H Marr, T(j, &jlibi fipcpromitntuf 
aique trddita pcihibetui tiu Etrtna pioptrt 
Dbfeivftntiim legijnaEunU»» 0( opcra mireii- 
coriitar, iiun»fa&ezprcffione, »u( inlinuacio- 
BC rao,tiviTupcinaturalis. %, quia Conc. Trid. 
feiT. 6. c. itf.dcfinlt. Opetibrusfa&isin Gntia, 
& ez Graiia pcr Chiiftum nibil ^tttit ad me- 
f itrnn titx «ternx. Aftutautcm motivinatu- 
£ili»ficri polTuntabhomine jufto<ideit,in Gra* 
tia, &ez cogitatione indcbita , (altcmqooad 
'congruitatcm , maxim^ prsfcnti iiacu nators 
X^^Sc , qnod cft eotefTe ex gratia pcx Chxii^um, 
pcxifncmtciliceth&bemusomniadona « unde- 
cumqiie indebita natuxzjEa vcx6 maxime,qux 
AuK mdcbiia utioae pcccati oiifinaUs. 3 • Quia 



4« S^t^ii^Vll, 

pierirque beni opciancibus » ne q^uidem yeoic 
inm.^ntem mocifHmullumliipernacurale. Vn- 
4e iicietmajoremlongeparcem bonorum ope- 
zum, qnibusexercencur Fidcles > eriam jalH, 
eTadcre prorfus inucilem; cercenihil poAcivi 
coufeientem ad vicam aBcernam , quod cft du- 
lumdi^u, Sc ficommuniceicrederecai a fide« 
libusabirecincontempcum ,atque indemiie- 
fuetudinem. 

X. OmnCs aftus cHciti auzilio Gratix pet 
Cbriftamfunc (alucaresyfedomaesadlushonc- 
£ti , eciam iatiinrec^ naturales funt ex auxilio 
per Chriilum > nec poifant elici ablii|ue illo. 
£Tgo omnes a^us honefti etiam intiinreci na« 
tttraiesfuat fiiiutarcs« ide(l , coi^feientespofiti* 
T^ ad 6aemrapcraaturalem: Ergoauxilia Gia* 
tix intrinfecc natuialia poiTuiite^e conduccn- 
tia poficiyiin finem fupeinatuialem. Patet (e* 
cunda confequencia , quia ad adius inttinreci 
naturalesnoncft neceflarium auxitium imrin- 
fece fuperaatttrale. Probacuimajor. Quiao- 
maisGraciapcr Chri^ilum eftpoiitiv^ ralutaiiSj 
cum Chrittusea rolumdecautamorcuusjlt, ut 
coarequamuifaluccm ixteinam. Vcidocec in- 
teialios Auguftinus Epift. xo/. col. a- ab illtt 
verbis. EttnimChriftm&c. Probatur minor es 
freqaenti Conciliorum , & fatrumdo^iina fta- 
tuentiiim i. Ad omnia & fingula bona opera» 
iemper&ubique n?ceilariam nobis tHCt Adju- 
toriumDci, &GraciamperCkri4um. x< Sine 
iftoadjutorio • ficgracia nihilbonipofrchemi- 
ncmperagcre. s.Nihiihaberedefehomine^, 
przter mendacium 3c peccamm ; ac proinde 
cjctcra omnia habcri cx Gra:ia r>ei prrChri- 
/^utn, -f ' £uiiclcm non clic Uberum ad bo- 



4. Afttis ititrirjfecp namralci, lc eliciricuQi 
hKilioIarrinltcf n^iruralii poUuiiF vnV ^imptif 
imiQis ju^. Ccrcum etiim c^ bofninrtn ^u» 
im j po^EemoTf"!! ati o[»(?riiiiliim cx itiottro 
Qctto natutati j ijec liTdigci^ ^mtiainrriiir^ci 
>eriiatiirAtij ut fie t^It moiiva o^cr^tiit.Aajjt 
rrm ho>CjH i qui!cfcaai(|ii<^ fint , & un^c* 
int|iic pTDvmUnt ,dt#tnmo4o liaai ab homU 

jullOfCvJdunt pollti^falutaii:^: Qtiia dif * 
ficanturaiqnc cltirintQr pcrGweiam UtJctifa- 
orem ingcucic c«ui« foniitlii^noo fccuj aicji 
£¥3tuiiir gciicrc c^ane cfficirnti» iaulJci^iil. 
£ TOltintas pct adfun^oiiibi hibiEui Itipf rM* 
t%lc%. Sigo aiutiJja Giaiiz^ intfmkce nitii^ 
^i* poCont evi<lctepoiI[ivc&lat*iJ«»ac^voi<Q* 

confcrcnria polUivein finetn inpcrnatuta lc. 
4. Facit-iitl tjUfsd in i"c cft , Dcuinffu icnc- 
tGratian> , fuxta yulgare axioma. Facicnt 
f-em ,qoodeitin fe, prout opponitut iibt ^- 
;nti cx gratia dita i Deo » opcracur cum au- 
lio inrrin<ec^na'urali. Er^oai^us eliclci cum 
Uauxitioj 5: confcqucntcr^^ipfuro auxilium* 
rrtcfpant conccpcumdoni poiitive falurarii* 
potcutilis,tcpoiltive confercntis ad caofe- 
itionem Gcaciz fupcrnatura(is conferciidjt ^ 
eocum infaliibilicace depcndcnter ab opere 
tcico cumtaliauxiiio. Idcm ruadencpromif- 
aincs.illxEvangelicx: P*n>*<^ mcci^i«tu : i^«. 
v> c^ tnvnUetii yPulpite & M^fnetur vekit. EH 
libut apparcc , cumulum donorum fupcrna- 
Falium expcAare proevios lionelloi conacat 
icur:r . uc hominc id quaercncc cx fe $ quo in- 
'^ct,/udmque inUigcntisitn ptxc'ih\x% agnoC- 

ccntc 



4t sta^fi^ w^ 

ccnte, Damiattftfupcxeiogct , quo «bttnd 
^uidcmfiad petcBdum ,quNtieadum, 6 
Undum utilicer, nenrufiiccremus cxnol 
gerct ttOSflEqualistdcosa&us, ^teliquo 
uret «eccnttf Gtatts non contcots io 
les Kanu» i fimttlqnc cITcmui dcftitttti < 
MBC Aaeqnanott , adtcccptioBcm>iav 
iicai» Et td tpettitionem diTiQsmireric 
iiltm gatitm ctogtatit i vcl cCet td ai 
dtts ptoccifus tcuogtadut ia ittfinitum 
iim cjttimodi • 5c toxiUorttm fiipexa 
Itom. 

H. Aftttspeffdttccntes td tliqttcm 
opoRctcflcproportionatotfini» ncc noc 
cipittdttttmtdibttaipfis. A^ustutemi 
•Uck aatuulcs aott fuat pioportionati h. 
ttiafcccrupcrattuttU, aec ptincipit int 
ci pari Bttttttlit • t^ibus itttrinrec^ fiii 
tttltlibtts. Ergo tftus perducentcs td 
ittttinfec^ rttpCinttttraiem oportet cifc int 
€c fttpernaturalcs fimiliterqi principia ai 
fiapcrnatumUttmintrinrece. firgo auzilii 
tiscoBdncentiapofitlvein finea rupernj 
]cm * accefle eft oraftit ciTe intrinfec^ fuf 
tttialia. '^odefifundamentumD. Tiio 
.a. q. lof . tit. 5« ^ tttitut pixmiOis non 
fcntibtts ulteriori pcobttione. Sani poi 
^bos non propotionatis fini , non ma| 
qttitttifinisquamillisnonpofiris , feu j 
quoyisalio , cum diiparate fc invicem liat 
qtt«futttimpiopoitionatacxea parte , e. 
cftimpioportio. Ncc minus clatumeii 
Ittm a&nm czccdere proportionem fui pri 
tftivii CttmejECo habeattottm fuampcrf 
acm. KttJtfttsiuperaacuialia ex co talia t 



t«E « 4[tua «TCliiiiitiii ultn propt>rti«oem cc 

qttec ca ^axitfone przccdciiti. San^ igitttr miui^ 
reftii ^tt^a ^umpEaluntOiniita, , 

^at^ti. & rutBdenyt^ iiretxi fuf ern^iorstcis. 
e.irUtrtfircccfUp:ci]3iufjlif, Stqiitdfin ind«'- 
ch nrioncmdcbirf iti rc i«cd&re^c tapetriaru- 
ali. Ergo adcm raeionc dirpodH^ prOEima »4 
Ctariii<»didiLp«r£r[oneTn , «riciiitrtn ece lupec- 
niturilit I codcmquc fnodo CuV codcm tr^- 
iDCato dc r^gft lu^ ptr toittm puitiax jjtueieif 
progre t um im ordinp id ^ncm rupcrntttiitKm j 
tup^oiteiiclo, quad pcrleptret » aJliU etTc p9* 
Huvt uluucc , fcu condueens id Jinrin tu^ . 
pcrnjcurtlcm vic^ ttt^^faz , ^^^'i^ '^^* ^' 
f roxim^ difpoJlito id tliijuid ulieriut ^tloa^ 
le u[fueducndcfeiiatttt«d€ac«ilttpeaittuit* 
lcm» 

CoBflrmitariurfui. Auxtlit 3c open pro< 
prit (Utas pttrx oacarz • «on faifTenccondnccii- 
fia poliiiYetd fittem raperaacunlcm obctncn- 
dum: QutAdoquidcttiAikil ntturale,cam ali- 
q«o fupenittarali coanciioiicai lubf re poceft 
$llain> ■:« vimaliqutm aliqutd eiafnnodi in« 
daccndi» ac ponendil pattc fif Auzilia sa- 
tem H opera incrinfcce nacaralia ncqua* 
quamfttiicroajotismodbvaloristquam fuii-iVnc 
ia Har» pur» mturx. Accedit pcrfcAionem , 
ttatts-ratem purc phyficam non poife qutdquam 
ccmferrepur^ pofitive; Yelcciam mcdiace , ic 
lemofc adcxiftcatiam doni lupernaturalis pu^ 
repbyiici. Principium autcm moralxtcr agen- 
di « ip&qimoralisoperatio nonalitercotupa- 
xtJitiii cnmpTxmio,A£iie iupttiutunlu quam 

^ COIIU. 



Itlupurc phylico. • h 

J Cof^rir.dcut dcnique. OuoniiiTi Di;iii| ^ 

^ ii«ciif«irm.r<|u^m 4« s%cji^f^ ti n «h) ji j tu -ilem ^ 
COBditcOQtH»u« »} QAw» .yo"*U F.rovidc(iua f^J J* 
pernt"w#Uf.ei|;-^,i4)^gjqn?fcftaJbt*.n(*j j ^a^j* ■ 
ptoiadcii«beLc6di|s mclias izivib^fu) ordiA^^J ^ 
tos. Proyid(\ncia,auccin natutalis noo Jtdbili^lj^ "j 
*niediaescc'.nlv«e t^ntJim oxdioaca sd fuuhi j^^^ "^ 
oem, aataonvdjenc/arincrii&iectrilkiQiijirette, ^ 
.^Cg<»ideni afoniorjidiccndifakclt il^ )>iediis df. [ 
iervicnrifcRisad fioei^ :up«^tnfttut^cin 

H«c oiaaia eo^ceodunc, ut oflcitcfant oni-. 
Bcs Aud^orcs C4thoiicfrs cciivcjiiie dcbcj^ i4 
agnoicenda necetiitaie Auxiiiorujxi Gratis iq.^- 
'triniice.rupernacuratiuui ad omDcs , ^ nBgul^i ' 
a^uspolitiv^ 'aiUrare::deta?to» acque pofiEivd. 
C4>nd> ceofesad finem pt.Yfizum Jiumnc nifia^' 
r«, qiiando Miidemomnrs coarcntiutii i nec, 
di entir* pofVunt , Vi:ionrni Dei nlcdiacam i 
<}u< de .*a^u e i ulcimus ilnis human^ narur^^ 
j»vopo(it«fs • e «e lu}Tfrn&uiraIem iDFrtnJec^,3£^ 
quoad fubila^riaui -y d^ <)uoclic>^ndu]]i e^c^x^ 
profcflb in q^KBllicnibus dc Dco. ?or-ro fap-, 
p>titoi.>o princifio poreumuhiplicireioften-' 
'4irupcri:aiiiraJi(a«intrinrcca oiunium avvilio-. 
xum,& a^hiuir. poii(ivcialucaciumi qiiiaiidcQi 
Doftorcf.Catlioi^iciconvcoiunt iii a^(it3!cciidi> 
quibusdanidonit, 5: auxiliis Gr^tix tiiuinf' c^ 
fupecnaruralibus, proprcr tfttimonM ScnpiK^ 
rxapcrrf pr.v fe iVrcniia eam fop^rfc^aftiralica-' 
tem. $ani|4utein cttinniunia on^n^bsi^ au^i^iit» 
A'r>peiihvs j'u};rrna'uriiibusrjui3rHaiti rcdiTiii»^ 
. M Scripiucx. (^ia ^ • idica u » q*iliiii v el ww^ 



^Uium^;""' Y„ ,,t, . i<< ;f 



Gan- 




5> ^*jfiinh 

Conr^nsr hts Cui.uJiiim Arauficinttin i^ 
cflu. prxfcnimT.iibi declarti hxrcdco fallirpt- 

rilU : St^MhfrrmttrtT^e ^t^artn^t kvt^ttm miiqii^ ^wi 

eligtrt , Jiv€ fi^itiimTi iirjt j £.v4T;£tkf^ fWM^e^tum 
t9ffjenriref9ftcp^:/rm*t ml/^ur iUitmtitMffvfU ^ ^t *W 
JffiratfntSpittruif^n^i. Li an* §, iJtvitn tfi IM-. 
ntnt . cicfm & rt£fe ^«giritmiu ,^ptdei ut^riu m fMf^. 
tdte» O" injttfit i* Untmm. jHm arttt mim ktnm ^j^mm^ 
JQcm in n^hit , MqHtnmtucitm mt m^tmttr , tfetmrt 
Et can. it.D^etmritMttt^i henu Mfrttbtt^f^mit » fei 
QratHtp ^tt^ tteinUifftttr .pfAcedftttt^fjnt, Int^ui* 
bas cofnfcehecduniuj, pif>cuL dubio «omttlft 
&uxilia(afuufi8 it)dircrtinicaiim > aeijuc ab 0* 
ittuiopcic rsliairi e;(clEiditur julficiriitrm vig9* 
risnacuia:. Agntifrun^ui nrccfTarix iHutDicit- 
lio 9U itii\h&tiQ Spiiiiui Ib&^tii divjni muitc* 
•ris Uigicas j opcraiio Dciin nchh. ixqua n^ 
t>ilcun!« Graiu Dci non iu drbiu £c CO&ni^ 
cur&lishoRiJjn ,ricui drblu Ac cc^istiaruHlis eft 
Aicrce^boni&opcril^Uft. Uuinibuiigifur ficfin« 
guiisopcrihu» r^luL^ribm , hoc cfl i^dHcrijAl,^. 
IMtim €OR»r.:une» ui:;^ ilU pfifici«'A/^ £l oc- 
ccflaiia GmuiLiTnnrtCf: Uipcrnaiuri;i«, tjut* 
dcn)qu<*|*rar^usuiiofiiipro niinimia » at^uc 

Valctpluiiiuam incucdem fcopetn coin{>ai^ 
Vorcli^uorLUia^tuunifdluririum , cuii^a^itiiii 
Fidii» %§€it ^ Cliaiiutii i qTi»m Id icm e^* 
pcnd^iiduii» lEitcr ^lii c^i , quu4 b^Wi Couci* 
! i m ») T r iJ» ft 0. < . C3ii~i* Jitftm dtttt ttrjini /r* v^ 
r.entr SpiT$Tu<^DUJHF^it*tktt£ * ^ 4f^j/fi.rr^^cnintr]ii 
crcdcre . [^et^rc dih^ r* , ^t fmt.tttrt pjt jicvt^m 
toTlt'. , tt: ei ^ 's/^tJUMti^nn j^tht -m c tffjrdttt t ^ « AF^rA*- 

ttttt/ir. li^d^ii AUitiii^ioillimQJo» codemi^Bc 



f m rrrr. c.s-di 6. dt Gr^tia iiecc (la ria 4 J iji i - 
9 ;u{Liticatiofiif enuincriiis J3d^uIo$ 4^ui< cx 
iQi r4 poreAitihiuniduccTei^cafaa.fcii- 
smQiaiiiadc&iiit , cifca iacfrmi^nmjn iufli- 
^jonii, obferv^tncjim M»iid4c<^rum omnf*- 
O^p cf a (klu t ^ riai. £a Eid c oi l oi|iicii d i u nifo ^ < 
itcm cir<3 vtnutciThcoloficas. &rcli(iao« 
irta^tiitaluctre»» quo^diiccefliT^reni Gu- 
, ciurqtiecondtrloncmt accxcctlentiaiiiie' 
cijtciiii n Coqcilium \r«jficanuni i.a.caii. 
t?. MiKi^n^TCfbcifi. tf. abi jndilcfirnmitiT^ 
qit I fidim, erf4mi*r*tit A^t^itm , tmitartm . »*- 
*» r<ii4r«4b , ^riV^f »f/» ^f «P/r4 «iiM^4 , f fr*** «- 
^r •# txftit , ^fri •*<» ^^f ^*mt *^wft*t , »iif> 
^ftfttttm, ^in^rmtkntm Sftfi*^ fi^nMi. Q^f 
iuUufa «ila^ii tiWiur^fU «iefitifor;ftiit&er* 
O rtds i a c rmfcc^ fuperQitutilU \ fi ca e ^ ne- 
iiitj iiticecti[!lff(Cnc<;cfririi ellid lilui rif- 
im TheotQgicarorn. AudieJidas efihic^lc^c 
ptsf^inoide dono perfea c.i^.ubi cam lhcatf< 
CatlfUtcnn cfTe donuni Dcl, fabdit immc* 
:e jic. ^*:/ amtem dtict i§ CtkHttdtt , h^e itfiie^ 
itSps, ie CkarltAtt de PerfevertntU ; &neptr. 
^ftrfinj^ttU, hteietmni tytietntim , fi^ieitihMr 
» eUnftmi dtckmr. Eiiimvcro qui ad Fidcm» 
:na • Ae ChaKtace n agaofcuQC neceiniriai] 
itiam intria!ecc fapernaturatcm , uc Jie- 
ccdomtiia^agnofcere; ad reJiqaosTerbcc* 
ant fufficientem , qus incrinfeci naturali^ 
ttoahocdicunt, qnodadnecelfitatem Gri^ 
attiaec, dequaageSat Auguftinus. dcreli- 
i rircutibut, ttquc dc Theofogicisj necea 
It , acmodoillasdicuntdona Dei, quo iUs 
iDcJc/Tc Accncur, Qusre /findo 4uiiorira- 



54 i!H^« ^'- 

ti , & CojiciHorum , & Auguftini , nuHtii» pt^ 
fus cft difcrimcn inter alias, atque alias 
Virruccs, ^uoad pun&um przicns; nec ullun 
Tuppecir eftugium ncgantibuf univcrlalem , «c 
Mniformem cocius Gracixfalucaris-fupcrnatoia. 
Itutem. 

{^Supcreft duplcz alia comparttto qu« rem eai* 
dem validefirmat. Alteraeftcum Vifio&c bea- 
ta ; Alrcra cum Uirioae Hfpoftarici » utiaqitt 
inftiruta.ab Aufuftinoatqucin prcfeatem &»• 
putn cxprefTa eifitaeitef« Spift. namqne lo/. ant^ 
medium quoad Vifioiicm , fic ait. Jjffk wtAmtemh 
^ *4 mtrhk prMdeMtikm tedAtmf , tmmen yuim tmdtm 
merfts, ^ibmtrtddifmtt ntn dmtki/ fMrmtmfmfit ^ f^ 
m^ftrmmfnfUmnimm ftd ntlriifkBmptr GrmtUimtttHm 
iffm. Grdttm nmnempmtmrntm •# mtimd « Ji^ fntim ^mtit 
dmtmts necidee^im merttis nen dmtmf § fid^tm dMm 
fdntmerirm , mmekm dmtur^ Tota igitvr ratio G racis 
•i^ue adeo.indcbiti , dc fnpcniitaralit ccmve» 
jaiensVifioinDeiiEit«promcritis; proveiiiteji 
jatioae Gratis » lodebict , & rupematunilis 
cbnvenienrimeriris, & confequenter Anxiliis 
Gratisc, quibusip(afiunt. Ergorepoffnat Vifio* 
Aein Pci e(fe, utt fuppofitumeft* fupecnatii* 
tlsleffl quoad fobftanciam , qvinficeodcmiBa- 
^o fuperaaturalis tota Gratia (alutaris. Altera 
comparatio dc Unione hypoftarica habctux c. !$• 
deprcdeft.Sinft.admcd. EmGrmttmfit mbmtttwjU 
dfiheme ^emm^me dirtfitmnme , amm Grmtidtheme Hm 
Umbinitiefm&mee/Cbr^me,'Et rurfus adfinem capt- 
tis ( Urgec eiura multipliciter comparationeiB 
toto eo caplte dc initio fequentis ) iBtfmettin !»§• 
mmubm Primcifium fidet\ &ferfeGienem iniESV,ftU \ 
Jkeithemtktemfrineifemfidei, ^ferfeMierem JESVM, 

i^ujtj itt.r€n£c€nxutt ficin fisiu€c«UQiie ^ro* 



^uomodo cnuii cbnvcnitinl 2n raiione 
(, fiincquecadcin Gtatia, quoiumarrc- 
l Gzatiainirinfcc^ « 8c '^uOid fubftan^iafui 
oivcrbnon nifi dcnominariv^ , cxtririfc' 
pcr accidensr Fovcntiftamconi<*axarro> 
I hoc fchru non parum, vcrba ill& Satfa - 
>an. 6. Sem9p9fefi vittkre ad me ^ niJiFMtWy ' 
itmt^ tiTMxerit «»m. Ncc enim idoncc, 6c 
portunc adjuB^a , 8c intcrpofita faifTet 
Txafiioni , & otraqUeadfcribcrctnr Fa- 
tantl liltra terminos potcftatis natnrx- ni- 
)ue cfictabc^ hontfinis naiiv^potcftate> 
I xemota intrinfcc^ » 8c' pcr fc. Eodcm 
:t , quod ab ApoftofoPaulodioimurW*- 
ursi Ntvumfigmenfm , "n^v» rohf^er^ eie ^ 
Chryfi\ & cum lUe , sit^me tn tUe. Hoc cnim 
clarc ,omnia q'iz in nos rcdondant ex 
» Domino« hi quibusper iofnmproHci- 
(alutcm vitx ctcrnie i atqut*^ pcccati la^ 
miferia liberamur . patticiparecandcm. 
m doni cicvati fupra cxieentiam namrx 



^6 Jfm^^rU, 

guiis dicet urin foco » Ittct «•qclutfa^tx lir^iett 
fiincipiir^nobis 4c4u£bi » aon fit ia codete 
acaiiiidiDisgradii conditiiu. 

Ad I. Hegatur iillBni aftam milem f ofidt ^ c|l 
fc poficad viicin «ceniaaijattt ineiiroiittm.«iiMb 
fiv^ decosgruo» fiv^ decQndigao, ««Hitmf» 
tivum» lcfiaisperipfiimintcncttsnoaifitliifci* 
aaiHtdiii id ouod f raiciea^us diAai^^c»Ctfii- 
Hnaaiiu valioi ci iifdcm ilhs pciaiCi^iii' 9 ^tui 
taoguactti ia «rgumeato. Maa iftprimis %pn4 
Xucam promiciitujiiita.«ccni% •^^maHa It- 
gti aacuialisLv occafioac lacii peiiti iatcn«> 
gaaiitCMftam. mgHJfiitimJU-w^^mMtfmiump^ 
JUtk^ f Qood quiiacciiogaf , oHcaditrcccftuiB 
4c fiacy ^Bcm iattndeicti iacfiM« vci^ (•• 
Jiim dc mcdiii» qaitoi illam appeaciet*. Snf- 
giKiitti aittcm obfematiaX.fgii \ CM(I«II«» 
auaj^oaicate, l§9cfii§y &wf§i* Ubificcxp^oU 
aac^d^icadlMifir» at fimal iatimc woi*. 
tilraa, ca quo fiat. Brgo tata iatcfr^gati«» 
jaam rcfpoafio ianuum facis , fitrapcifeaM 
firppoattat, moriToni obfcrvaatixfalacMiKle- 
^ie efie (alutarc , vifam fciliccc «ccraaiB!.$lmi» 
licci Mfttth. 10. & xi. 01 Marc. 9.»bibcfaf vi* 
caatciaa propier opera mifericordla, mou qai* 
liacnnqttc 1 fed quc Chriftum in raiiftffc rc* 
%cxifleat, atpateteiilllChrifiicaufali. S/k* 
tivimrm , &Mifli$miki mmMdm^r§. Itrarroi» es 
fiofflifiiooc mercedii non perdcndar propicf 
pocumaqtts, ficproptci horpitium, fiticatl^ 
adveac adauaiftratum , non qualiicrcamcitu»' 
Ibd iaaomiaeGhri(li, aut ?rophetx, autDif* 
cipuli, aatJofU* qucmaoifeftecootiaeatmo* 
civum fnpernaturalcaddituminplicic^ ,atttcz- 
plicit^tftiaiUcxtccasiafeAicttnti. Ncc enim 



0f fimfkMttp^. fttf. i^ 

in ^*t fi tJpcn riiUuai uio , u c ii ^ ul drt C brifto^ 
quj voJanut^ dandi nurTo m^do rcrpieitChru 
ilurti : NccitemfcQ}icic^brEituin > qui nontn*^ 
tftitlir tiiitlJcJte t itiecxpjjcii^pijct^irilli' i4c- 
quc fi^cdceiic][i{c}.iiCridjf t <|<:r]noQ iQtendirz* 
Ji^iiid lOtrtuiVct iipcTnatiiralc j cum C/ifiiluj 
jji rcbrs f lifc niE:uuUbui ;ircu?ia!im fcnufUre* 
AJ& C^oiiind^iir. ];t?a) dictEii; d<*dAEM<r innoi^ 
niiacCbri^i, Pto^licT*i ^^c, ^^Ti*d»iein oci» 
inic« Ctttitti . ell dire propirt Cnriila^v i &t 
d^rc m oomi ne FtDplK t« , e t d^te ^un pto p )i c- 
t^clii liciJc de eAttifi. Ptttcf aiircm fyb llngu- 
lii iHr) vodbu!^ ft^ i j^cinilI)u^tnoti vum operJ$> 
couiincci «jrprifBc toriPini fiJipcriidTui^kiiif 
conftiiuectrtmi : ritionetuiU^&dirtipuUr&G. 

Kcf}uc ob^at iUa ibidcju , Aat intt-stftgitia 
mr ^ nc o rd ] u rn L ea t o e u m t D? n*M^f ^imh4» ^t ^^- 
drsti» efkrttmwfitj iSr f^ivmtu f Adt e>epiobt.itio 
co.i J?LriTT3rfiirJ4 iii^inEcticordium. Efit/ivitfifSfrt 
^ttfnded^ln mihi.Oxx.ucQttMm fic, ucrxpehdust 
Att&o:cs contraril, ncc admirari quemqu.ima 
autinteifn^aredemo'iYO . quodimrrndicipfe» 
&caiusproinde con.cius futt; iiccconde!n;ii* 
*i ,a?ji9iioirrcculi4-apera Miif*ricor<iixin Chrt- 
fttiti'; i i4d oaiariMa^ectind- m feemilit. Non in- 
^oam hxcobOant . CjUta illa admlra^ionoiieA: 
i^nornntium.fcdniagniJicJinirumrublimitat?'!!! 
jpfs«'.iii compararam cum- cxtf uiYarc obfeiuii 
nt^n-^-xhibiti immcJmc^pby ce p*rlon«Chfi«-- 
fti : >J'?npf raacJfiiieario'" pe hibemr inEvan- 
g''!'0' cornmuntB otnnibas prr ?ntfeficojdiain 
B<'::ris>inter qttos% ceriuTn cft phiies.ctiam ^-x- 
pr<?;seretulifreopcrainChrirtttm^&jf!ac|i:sfor. 
mali aaiore ra pratliiriiVe. F.xprobratio aatfeii 
immitcficofdiuiT»/ JJccteos aoadaiDDCt, quia' 



nonxtttulfrttfitx>pe-ra iniCencotdlx tnClrriftiiiS 
diimnatnnicn , quia ca omifcruniconicmpiii 
omnibusmotivisimpcllcntibusadmiierendun)» 
quorum unum,idQuc.prxcipuum eft Chiiftus. 

DcConcllioTndentino fii opus eftaliqui^ 
•dicere, quandcquidem probatumeitexeoden 
CoflcUio, omnem Gratiam ralutarjemeirciii* 
Ctinfec^ruperntturaleuu &proindeproponcx€ 
morifatntiinfece fupernatutalia. Ta'inmigitnt 
motiTorumncecintas.fuflcienterdocetur, nbi . 
docetur ezprcfse, utl docetur co loci , Bcce& 
fatiam effe prqcefl-.onem a£tus ex Gratia per 
Chriflum fcimo naroque cftde Gratii non acci* 
denraliterQccsc^rinrcceperChritlum!. aurindc* 
bf la foliim ratione peccati j aut feffeCtu indiTi^- 
dttt detcrminaLc fumptij fcd deeaquardcriva^ 
nttk Chriiio in retiquis, iicur4 vite in palmi« 
fes, qu« eft comparatioipiius Confilii. Patet 
a^tem, fuccum dcrivatum a vite inpalmitcs,- 
fffe diTerfar rationisin fe intrinCcce aiuccQ5c 
inunore dem^btii aliunde ; atquc ab co piinci- 
]riocx'iia natuxi-dctcrminatcpcndfre» & aon 
f traccidens tantutn. 

Circa inconvtJiicnsdcinutiHrate&contem^t 
pru Tirtutum moralium tria obfcivanda funt do« 
cumenta Tald<* iltilia. Prinium eft iuxtacommu*. 
ntm & obviam Pairum, przfeuim Auguftioi 
doftrinam , plurrs operationes cxtcrnas ex fe 
banascTadctc fkrilcs in ordinead vitamxtcr* 
Jiam • ex dcfciin intentionis , aut non bonz» 
aotBon elcTata; in Deum, prout oportet , dc 
proptex animum intcntum rerum Aatnralinm 
Ibilicitudiiic, necereftum IUuftiationefidei.cj- 
^l^eobiequentem. Ahernm eft,hdmiBesdebo. 



in pcopodri liihlo ju^ificatiotii^ concvpEi, 

rciioticm j idoacaoi, jiutfoafii id^iitfjm 
hiofiem sJ 5acrsDirji£a, ficubcri^r* Bil 
GcSiOij& dcx^t I lEiiJUNODcm Ckfirri t 0c 

ifuat foin 3 it^rf' prfn^turdba; &3h»p(it' 

i;itiquid ltjpcrnfti'iialr [iixcaaiodtini .qco «^ 
uitJtti ap^fcLtiiduntut , ac JnrfTVtntnrui ■- 
ibEJ. Ttsiiun? ctl , hc virEutrs TtTe*rarft 
i pcninis iii ce^iicir ptuii! » Tync:!» tiifllo 
o fupeju^itt^ralt elf^eiirur, a^uifdiii^f^ic* 
di^Iis, I uaTT. Ccrx.^tciris, viF:r,Fijr prc- 
tcEicviix ftcfnvt rcdd^tntiit inintis dtffi- 

T pr«ti;ia rcnt^tifaJiat fibxreiiiucn aliquod 
nrak, ^ 

t. Du3E dr-^iN^^onespr^frrfildt runt: at- 
iait.T p;i Ch/J:iu;n fjeirinf-cc ^c pcr acci- 
a Gra:t^ pcr C hri.him iruinfe^^ci? , ^ ptr 
: AUe^a 0]'^ lurn coudi^Ch^n iom ad beatj-' 
m n^tiirslcm a conduc.^niibas ad vi^itj-: 
'cf iuiQifd^ataLH. Gia:ia c^^rrin Ckrd Tau^ 
t Chfi?uin r(^ , <^uj; ii<::t de fatto dt^rt- 
dei^fiT [Aatit indi''iduis , dfpcnLfcnrec ' 
is Chri^t t danda ratiien frftt al''l<>Turc ■'^ 
sn fuam 1)jfcitm infiTnairs , nuWn ctiafn < 



j^erChtiftttm <lkicur« tc eftct Gfatia« f«i'ti 
leconTcnic, dandim nallacenus fih icGcacii 
jHimaao, a ChiiUi merica ilJaifi non iaduiif. 
CcftC. Ofcia conduccntiaadbeatitudincmat- 
«ncmlaB Uuit ^ topcia ilatus purs Nuttiar i . C<HI* 
duccatia rcco td Yiiioncm LiciiimiBcditiftfli, 
<]ua(« fiefiiluttrU tbfoliue dicimnt* runcp<«. 
prit.«ttutsclcvar«4vclnBOc<'nilsi fivC Acpa- 
ftf X , Ucftque diftin^io iitbiliccux i ^wcAioat 
9'mt«imcver6xr. 

Suppofica inde p'ro nuac urriufqBe verittte» 
«iicicur adArgumenium: Omnesadnselicitos 
auxiUoGradx pcr Cbrillumincrintcce* U poc 
C; talt cfle falurarcs, non verbelicitoa aujulio 
GracijBpcx Chriftum cztriufccc tancum Ae pec 
£i:«:idcii«cali..ConciliaSc Fatrc$«(tlcem utplu- 
simiim , nomiacopcinm bonorum «faottiaitBi- 
{cllisunc Opcra conduceatia ad vifionein Dct 
ifp^iediatam , qux cdfinisdcfa^obumanBBC^ 
qvf AB^eJicx Naturx prarhxus . atqoe dc bis cc^ 
^Vdicitq^, ficii nonpoifelincgcttitpcrCbrK 
t^m , ctitm intriafcce , U per fe tali. Undl 
cpnrequencex dcfiniuntfubcodemlenfu, aihU 
J^.nincm habere de (uo, &abfqueGratiz lltP 
pcinatuitliff.fttbiidio elicitum,niu jncndaci&.8l 
fcccttum; ttqac eodcm modo eflc libeinus cx^ 
pecrcm tdbonam abfque Grttiai Confideraclc 
idlicet.Bpecttioaibu» humanis folum teltte ad 
viiioaem Dci< & bcati^udinem fape rnatufakm* 

Katio ilc iaccrpcetaiidicti. Quia ^rc Coaci* 
liofum.« flcPttrum foJttm ecac itabiliceaeccifi* 
tttcro GxaciB td CBafccutioncm vitc «tcfBaii 
^Balisdcfa/^opropo^ica :iki v^idcnim opnse* 
XBjtdi fer 'ccdcfumcieariaaut in umcirntiahu<« 

^ mas(Hactt»H9^sctiaq;iflaabuiy ^cfinibut 






r 



Jt#/igf «««A i 0t^U9 futdttm. , dt (jum li^ud^ht^fAfSjt^ 
IfSf. SsnonfHm^sidiiui&t; Proftf^k itMf»*t»^ tdtmii 
tredcre. Ciuidnicrgo liL-^ilcm & nbsintcrpreta- 
tioucm fiiniJicum fundamMito adhrbcamus/ * 
: Accedit Auguilinum eadem illa<iiccredefi* 
dcincccliitate» qisx •bjiciuiiturdc accclHtaic 
Graciar.< Epift.cniiQ lof. piopiusadpziucipioa^ • 
I|tt4m 4d nktAmm^Oper^ tfmifpt 4fiM » iitfiMMt^^ 
^6mm9:^ fiixi Mttmfi h himmfjinr ^ tMtiU m miM§ 
fyttth^mints Q^ntttum ^tnd ntti efi exfidc feccmtmm . 
eif. Ccrcumveioeftczcoaceiturermonemcfit 
d? fidc Theologica. Lib.t. ad Srmplic. q. i. Sts^.' 
tnit, nonpejg[i:ijt$efn^Am lene wfetAri^ ntfiferjiitm-^ 
ft/ceferitGr4timm,ln ptivfaiione ad ptaJm zi. loi|. 
g^ SL principio , fic iufert. nema er^» cemftttet kmm 
p^rafHn »nte fiiemi Vififidet neticrdty itemMmefut. 
n*n erAtBonHm enim epue mtmtiofitctt intefattoiumfim 
dejdtrigit, Nonvside ottwdMt ^mdbomofatimt, fed- 
qimd, cttmfMeit y mJ^/tftmK Ad qus tei^imoBia,qui-* 
kns alia':4int cowpluia iimilia apud Auguftinuuiy 
neceHe cik, Adveriaiios rupcrnacuraittatisiiio 
trinfccz tocius Grarix poiitive-iaJutaris, adhi;r 
b^ze Incerpretationem « quar pcz aos tdhibit» 
cil ^claflfibus teftimonianim per ipfosobje&is.- 
Prxcerearx poftremis Auguflini veibiscoJIigi- 
tur id. inquonttncimmcdiare verJamur ; nem« 
pcFidemzeqttiri ad opusquodlibcc bonumbo- 
aitaceialuuri, ratioQemocivi . quod fola ip^ 
idesproponcze pocelti ac proindemotivum a- • 
ftusialutiiisoecefraiibei^erupeinatuialciNem-*^ 
pe.quod c^ natuialc , zatio natuialis propoQC« . 
irpotei^. . 

Ad i. Dignitts & peife£lio operantit . qus 
aoncxezcetuzin opeie, oon potcftdigaiHcarc 
#jmf > fi^ttpotitts opcracs, quaccnus infra di- 



I atiivJiin , qua polkt • rtprthfndoiie 

li{"nfei:> auxiJuizitfjDicce lupcicacuf^Jii 
fide voc^iuiu , utopefeiui cxmoiiroru- 
.urftli , ij nihi'toi3)Uiy5 «'iciai j&um iti* 
;£ na^Ufilrtti > oprran ad^qudte jnfrapcr- 
Aem aflivaiu Tui^tiuaitiialcw :aiqucco&-^ 
vtt iDOrivur» li:}.c{AaitniaSe f iz naiui;^* 
cconict^iietiicE ivo,^ tjcrc^ii iu td*^ opft^ ' 
«in^ JiabitLiilrm^ quzcJliadixGran^caSua- 
jprjrnatu^^iis , \nKdimct jpai sM^tcnni * 
/^aruuli iiviiwh iii cpuj- Ur.dcf p* C4a|i- 
m c« campiincfpio [^hyjjco fopcruitkiiaii * 
jjfoavinceicrrcd poficrscoiiYinccre oppclr-' 
p 1 <]ui3 fi fblum un^atuf cuJti compfipc pio 
4uu]i ; nc( ilti oprranticoopcTctijf f h]fjic£» 
eftus non evadct p^ ift^ior ph^^cc. 
Ad ^, AjiiomariiUlius , F^^itiU q*^^*' P *j* 

niu^. Akci eft^ Facicnii qi^od m fp efi coOjjc- 
ndoGratix, ^uam iam hibct i 1 eus ntiU dc- 
rgjiialiam dfitidc & j'um GwiiaTT-. Alfeiclh 
onanti quautum cit in ft . ut iaudabilicim*- 
t obiciioiuini aliaiaincsiie cau^amcn iiatiir*- 
im occutnbusiinpcllenribiisad bonuiji inot^- 
, DcD5 non dencgat |>r^venif iireiu Gratiaii 
^eiQaruialf m » vi cuiusct/n^ttJSjJioquJ furu" 
natufalrs, ac inancs , r yadauf ii:triiircce fu- 
rnatuialcsac piDind'' fal^iarcs Stat nimiium 
rus id oilitim fic puifat > pt^veniciis noipcT ' 
atianii qui ilJumin^r omu m hoininELn vc- 
'fitrifi in hunc munJupD . poc/'^s 5c volcni - 
Qcs hominci falvo» hcti atquf in etirn fit* 
n i< U infc rc J3 1 ciaiii \jmmtiUiiiuffi o po rt u - ^ 



niratibns purc paHivis per Gratis fupf raato 
Ihauxilu* qujhus conatot hurnani prof^er 
tur».elicici, prour oporrcr ad falureini <W 
Qcatianoneftpcdiir:i|ua adopusAacur^es 
j^txvcnieas, tfciic fupernaturalr , ii pcrvvti 
utcih noaftetctit noleneeixi obic^ni nobili 
Deiillttftrationi, acdireftioni. 

idverb negandam omain^eft, qiiod is< 
leftionediciturde petftiooe , qnsfitioae , p 
fationc prareaate adomnia dona GratiacfBp 
baturalis. Nempd ia teftimoniis objeftis, n 
l^cinittiturpetitio , uticontendcbtntSemii 
lagiani, ubiruti donoram Dei, vel tinqo 
habica ei folis Tiribus Natars; vel tt Aqoam c< 
ditiofineqnanon» ad omnia donaDeiprof 
indcbi:a, &ruperafltia virrsacczigenttam I 
tnrs? Ipfantii.que petitio faftaprout opoi 
•dialutem, (iipcrat Ttgorem Nacurx, 9c efl 
Gratia lapernaturaii « utconftat cx teilimo 
Arauficani 8c Tn^ientrni 'uperins poliris. S 
demur'crgo ar abOraiionc, &pr7ci(>usd' 
mns inirium jirltificationis , 8t drre^ron: 
nimc in bcaticudtnem fupernaturatcm » 
quoruroque pof^e^ operam magis diTficif 
qyia pctitio cft aftus. ind/genti (qualis 
ftiifquirqQe noftrum ) ex fe facrifimus (imi 
eft • (^uod teilimonla objcAioiusdeclaraar 
caciilimus apud rcum. Ad petcndum j 
quxrendtim, & pulfandum datfarpcrea 
tia n pur^ prxvenicntem , idcf^, quz c 
' I^pponat nofirum m::rirum rff;?raurp{i 
mediatc (it^ immcdbtcillc infliiai in no 
/his, dequodiertur in<^ra, & fimul of>f 
ifOn cxcludicooperarionfm Graiis ic'j 
Ijinijas o/eris tx co qaod komofKtat 






Q^U 



i£ S T 1 O VUl, 



^yiiw mc^U^ G^ai!^ intrinfke fi-^ 

* flat%£h Ati|iil)iiii icflimonti Tc}utbt)svid«* 
Itti ^€iit Jdf^tri Haturditi hiiiMetitf« iiidf|«* 
IC Gratil >d canfcqucridaiii TJtam XEemjfn ^ it 
ji]iflan4acj openi «jnibst jIIj obttnctuf, !)•- 
Cet q^Ti) gtie I, idqut fvp^ * h lututeiirrc ^ ^rci* 
lueani riticnMl^m coztdi noapo^c^ abfquc4ft- 
Icftlofic DCJ , voritAr]] 6c JQftkix » aitt rkttfm 
abfqur pfrfcdlfii^cientlaid ilU , ScDeutnfo- 
lc iojiiftum, d Jti coa^crc veltet Homincm' a«t 
A&grltini. Docctt, Nciniai orgaKV Deo pofTe 
vhaitf xternim , 5c vifio Dcm bra cini i ft pcccan- 
do aOQ icddit fetrTdigndmtantis^ociJs 1 atque 
Oppoitraiii Tcl trtaEJm? incompoiE^bife c{rr curn 
Jii^itiificje(|uitite Dei. )*ifrniqDedoccc.I>r^Enl 
futurutn fuinx injuftam duin tot piTVufof dece* 
drntef fin^ Eiptirino I cKcludirsKr^no Cccla- 
f um ; Si Antlum cfTct pcccarum orjgjn^ilt uni» 
reclaUtdf afictcAi fenm hj/sijjiBiii i ?iimi ge* 



tem atque bicTite-r» lca ciai««.._ 
tereapeneinnuineris, quorum pxzcercanuiiaiM 
necefle eft traDfciibcre feotfim, atrrYXpcntdecCi 
quia cs phrafcs , ac fcntentix liint apucTAiigii* 
ftinuraoSvia-, iLfumqucvcl Jcyiter evoluentl- 
bus prorfusindubitatx. Nihilantcrocz illistd-' 
btis Tidetur ullo pado cohzrere pofle cumne- 
celHrate auxiliorunaGratixintrinrccc: fupevw 
turalium refpe.^u Natune Inregrc , Ideoqtte !«•> 
iioccn.tis. Quandoquidem unufquifqueabfqoe 
iiSs produci • & eiiftece poteft,'qtt« gatncbtJc 
pure liberalit jr fibi fnpeiaddttntui ; eadein<iw/ 
-umquoadfinem, qnam qnoadmcdi)» *<4{P 
-ibfcTue ulla injuftitia negantur s tamctiinullo 
peccatoreuperfonali , feuOiiginalirereddidf- 
rit^ndignum. ErgoNaturcIhiegrc , ne laao* 
•centi non efV communif cum Naturi lapsi lc 
'peccatcicc ncceiHtas AuziNorum fuperoatnn- 
JiumGratix: Npocuerunt Angtli , nection A^ 
'damus ante peccaium edereopera quaclibit/4- 
•liltaria,a(qne«liccrc dile^iionemDct, & Jufti- 
** •••«'•i^luin petfcAioBis , acdemua' 
- '^ - »:.:k... a,-.. 



'cmad c»P"V'* • ^i^ ,^.60.1 •11'"» ^"E i ,n «.J-'. 



u«um«vtti&cMiuiwni.ucuin 9UKpu(vt|us n«isz9xrc* 

qucada Cint in facris Scriproribus , at^uc inmth 
pud omncs tulgaria } fcd tnagis in itlum aiiqoM 
induittdilTicuItas concordis iRtcrcademccftU 
monia» & tlh slia , qua in ration^ dubitaodi 
propodufantauxquc Augnliinas falihsprofe- 
quttur, acfcpius, 8(«onattt urg:t vchefBca- 
tiore propter rationeoi paulr>poft mSnuandftn. 
*£fquidemratio concordiz cxeopetita , qv^l 
Aaxilfi fubmiDiftrata Narurs innocenti » ti* 
«lotli innegabil^a prorfbs finr ctde-n ante peeca* 
tum: fintnihilominusproprtitnmiGratia,, trl 
qaiaipfaconditio&cxfftenrianaiurcrationalis, 
coiitlaluntdevinfta, eftgratiota, atoueratio* 
ni^acic ab oluti tafis non obftatd^^btrun ci 
rttppoil.tOQCSnriofai vef quiaGratta apod Av» 
g4ic^inAm Sta'io8 (actos Scriptores folure ufur* 
patur, prout opponiturmcrititiucra illiid Paii* 
ji; Ci ^M '^yyi^r , mtrcwm^ imp mtMHMr fitmmAmm 
SFMti^m j Kon verb ptout opponttur conncxioni 
Fkyncealioriimcttm aliiarebus; Cum 8c Angu- 
ftinus dum ag-tt cpnrra Petagiam*. fotismctttis 
^ubique Gratiam opponat.* ve! quia Gtatia Dei 
dicitut, ouidquid virture naturs ficrinonpo- 
fcftreJ n>iaTtrtutedivinl , tam^tdeidemnatu* 
fc ita debitn m Qt » utnegari \ Dco minim^ pof* 
4hj^^gucobk»c, po^ccftdcn auKilitcirede* 



iHAcgibiliaiiatuiviniTbefiiti jUt 

Ir r3iroconca£di*rubfi^rrc«i«* 
kMJmmc vc^riQmniiim » qnotM 
gnritiftcie^efoftc, i^ui«ucii9« 
kue priaat <■ i Attg. £ p. i (»j . GU « 
lcriptofe$ti«ii ulvtpmiuf protft, 
i^diriiocfetclDiiist & pei itkm 
if j at^ue Aufufliiiui orttib^ 
U4a) inieJIige^tizarercit Deitc 
liURi. Fritetr» rrJagiuf, 8t jlii^ 

|acexgiatuna roiumemrione 
•c eiict , C|Utf] Ij} r^ufD^odi Gfi- 
tcbut^cderVhlioneEit fui tfiori*^ 
rdtfttd^c fefirt , Qc totij Tinbitft' 
At]»de lecb» Apoft, trtai, ii. de 
tCB. <* II, K 4c Hut. Gw. pcr t** 
UJid« intctffctttio tej^iinonjo*. 
LteG^itiz, ircuifr&9Ad f»iui- 
i, Bon recedit ^ Fc£»gbniimor 
rccdit I coal^inii fig&iAcatioflC 
loiKiliai Uftitn^ 
' tp I ci> tio *l ic fa d c G f 4 1 ia p rou t 
«tiHtfaftinfri uilo ^ t^o potcft* 
Li;u iinq^ 4u ^•iienQtihm conti» 
tarionib», rotiiinctiiJS iroATti<^ 
ttoa inde pt^vrBii ^uo^f^am lut. 
pramitictAtphjficcdckitanj Nft* 
trx1oE:is EDdiiLaiLi f lo vcri ti ac£ 
idd ^^ lagiui cutnC)LOCBM£i|C- 
m . quam jit&adiitici biC.Uccti^ 
(ficui.aia, ieJitaatAtiVi ^ne ^c» 



rceaatibus auncaebac; ut ]^Uft itftei 

: cip. 14.. 4e Gra:.& lib. atb. ubi (ic habe- j^ 

• *r^$mktte0avi^i/»rrtnty M4b»cfi rMWf*' ^ 

tq»§c»m^»* pmU c§H9nfmr§ft9nder€Gr4SUm^ (^ 

MiMMir4M/M^«ri.Dein4euaiConciIinm t^ 

canuin , qwim AuguiHnut , lifdein locii , ^ 

chibitity eadem ToceGraciz, eodenqu.. ^ 

e vecborua (tgnificancauxiiia aecedana| 

acu nacurx lapis, Senacarx innoeencb '■ 

etnque elTe ccm figaificaum , 8c eandem it*] 

em Gratic , esprimic cfar^ Fulgenciut ibi«^ 

i.Siergo ezinaniaturfemel, aiqueludifiee- 

nomen Gxacix p«» ftacuBacurx Innocriici^ 

.iudendo qufdem mericas fed non excludfa* 

jtts ittfcuilubilerundacum in humanx natars 

;uadttmre.conilitutionfc, Sedignitate, nul* 

m rnpcreric argumeiuum pro adiUucjida ne«, 

.'fiaute Gcatix omnino ind«biic in lUcu Naco- . 

claffx.Harc namqne aeceiilcas foUs ^bilitai, 

ejlimoniis, qux aomen Gracix liinpliciceitt* 

irpaat* eiufqttc iicttrurpat«necellicacemdeil« 

iuntnonalicer, ac ea teltimonia. quibusiitt 

lodoincerprccacio M€omodatuxgerabrurdi(&* 

lam diitin^onem Gracix debicx , dc divmicufl 

inegabilis, ^Gracii, omniv.c^P^te, indebir 

i; hoccft, Gracia, quxno^eftGracia. abea» 

ux eft Gtatta . ut opponitmericisdc Gr^cix Pe- 

giaaotam Auguftiau^ joco nuDerrime indica- 

I , fcalibi laipe. •Nec cnim minus cft debitum, 

aod debctai Natttcs fccundum fc • nec ell illi 

?gabile« ctiimdepotentiaDeiabroluta, quam 

aodeftdebicammericis ; acproindcillaratio 

^bitinanmtnus, rcdfoxcemagisopponiturra- 

:>ni G racic , quam iOa pofterior ratio debici. 

£x hii (e)icitux illudetiaui polUcmum de au- 

xiiii' 






^ i^iV4 Nafurz: Qaia pro raiione 
jnd^ ^ V«l rcjici^uda, tifin conUdt^ t 

oiliblfirainc^atidi, dcqtMl» rttii» ia- ' 

nd^ liumAituiiur Aii^jts, 3cAdiii=a4 

jtiMm 1 /ton po tul i\t\ Dr q nrgati di 1«^ 

^ Vi!ti»titi &JuIHnx, idt fufBcicnit^ni 

dd^tn^ nihil refc^Cj <|uod uttalibcc » it^* 

.<|uc ^ loto Dro effict poJlir » fi I Df o nfftti • 

yii potclh <^i raim d^t , quod ncgarviiomt 

^otcit, noDfacii Giattdm ; nmer£t nulfus alJu^-' 

ill^^ idco) dtrc^oilit^ fjuod noa dt o^u^pfu.* 

ivija igifurL-oiicfirdljC£3tiocommufil[tradf»i-* 
btra ab Au^onbu» piobari&^ tcftimoniar qus^ 
adduc^ futjr pro veri li^ncefiibj ^eclpic uc \h~^ 
aant . praexponcndis ilUs atiis , ci rationcdtt^* 
bitandi I rubittuitdu^>iicejn di^io^oncm.-^Al^ 
rcrini au^itioiumt ^ a^luum liIuTifJum : nc 
lupcrnituralium ^ ab a^biii honcfti^ ■ Cc^uKi- 
liiipuienatuxallbus, ncc conSuccnribusad ri* 
tatn zErrtiami Altcram dtbiti cx luppufitione 
Elcvaiiotjj in fincrii fupctnimrilcm £dtbito 
lefp^rftji naturx fccundum fc i concludit drirv* 
dc, prioraitU ict^iujortia deimpo^*:1>i!rtatc con'^ 
«lcndihumiinam n3.cur<imabrque'iiiIc£liont: Dci, 
auEccneabfqiie rurriciconi^il iltara , accipicn- 
djcir:, dcdjkiliartcS<r:"nrflcn:nEii naturati.ac 
xniniiTicfilutatf j^tiitf leiltmoiHaqtixpridicinr 
ncCfllitaEcm GiVi^ atcipifnda fint deaLtJtilto» 
^r opcrc raiutifi.T^i^^ion^^nJa vcrorecundiflcict- 
tii ^cnciis . d» inncgibilitatc vhmrf ns rc'pc- 
ftu bomirtit innoccnits - I- ii noriduui pccrato* 




p9litUaelegiS( piomiAioiitrqaediviac %6eh» ' 
A» exiiteocu» ficelevaDtts Jiomtncm ad fiaca 
Cuf eCBtf uxtlem s cum fecltt& uH-Lc|;e » ac pi0> 
mifliaae , £t negcbili^ vita^SBtecBa.&vitioJtlijt 
ftb quealUiBJufticil* H^ouaiaullamctatnilii^ 
l^atipeecacum. '^ 

l^ caacordic ratio eft qaidem lei^irimti Md. 
ae<|aicpcoitat%uiemrc iBtelieAom, ifum^Mt. 
•tteaditttx fuadameatam etfum diftia^^oou, 
tB D» Aagu(lia»i Bcc aoh vaciatc $lk eotcm.iii»»' 
•ofit&oai^tdttra onireriatiter , 8c fine uiU ccOn- 
ataae» de ii^dem rcbus modo dicic c^e lo*. 
OCfaUlcf , modo diettciregratio^s, modAia>' 
ncgabUcsiaooceati fiac iniulHtii j modofioc' 
iBJuttitit a|!gabiL's • & confcrftilcs folum fht 
Gratiao^ £t fiquidcm cxhtc ipfiMmmtaile- 
fta oppoiittof ; diftorum ceftC deducatuc %tcit- 
tio iuppoiitioBis* quod tamcn eodccfrmiatti 
fcaloac modo vaciata fic ; id verb eft , de qaodc* 
lUecatur fundancatum fpcciaices AagafttaOf 
Dclidcracttrvcrb juccoptinao, tc cfi valde ac* 
cc^rium : Quii propofiriones Augudini ia ot* 
lamiue partcro , etfcraatur fub forml uni ? crfi* 
Itfliml loquendi. Prxterta circt difiinftioacai 
Mttura clcvats I aoo clevasl, quodqae, ot* 
fappoiita dtfliaAioae trgumcntttus uc Augafti- 
Qtts contra f clagiom , diflliculitccm tngcric aoa 
lcvcm. Ktm fi Aagv/tiattsargumentatusfulflefl 
concra fclagium luppofiu filcfacioncgrtcuim 
Matura ad &ACm (ttpetnttuctlcfliconilicutam Mi 
vifionc Oct , fuoporuifiVi acccrium tnt^rcna- 
mcB,qHodapud AdfCfiariam, aon aicumqttC 
cflctincertu^r.^ fcd/crrinacinImiomniam(cm- 
»cr ncgacMm. N< mpc pc hgtus fic pelagiani , ni- 
Lii^ccaaaciukitacucbaac, quam Libcium Ho* 



JLtt^itinuf ^icacur iixeptus »jg ii m^ n- i 
4€Taj jioii eireconti£ir<i4iKiiii e^uruiodi.i 

E iprur tr<}iiirf6 ippatcttcommimcm UUm 
icm conc^oc^ix cllc vcraiti , £t opiimefua- . 
ii la dodriaa AuguiliRi atquc Bcocflari^ 
.tecntioacindc dcdu^afn , DMcrvindtim cft ^ 
ca pracfpLUiAuguitinl pro J:npoiIibi4iiatc coa* 
ilfndinatumn humtnani , fblquc fuificicjiTrA 
4lilc£UoT)b Dct » vccicaiit . it<|uc fufiid«,& vitt^ 
cionis pcccaiorani t prorai ea diLpufatioMbut 
cjtiscoQtn Mjnchdtoticx libihfcilicccde Jibe- , 
lo Arbitflov Bctibto dcduabo» AaitnabuA»(]UO£ 
co^Tii^r eoiim hxrcfim ^ianickvoruDi luifle,, 
c on f cr ipro r. L o ca au Tccn pi ^ci p ua pto lu j u lU - 
tra Dci ac;;antLS Vicamxrcrnam , feu R.cgnuni 
Cotlotum hoQiiiiiiiinocciiEi iiulluniquc habcn - 
ti pcccitum , promuntut cx difpucaejoaibus 
contra Fcbfianoi, quatcnusucgaticcs p: cca- 
tuffi onginale ab Adamo in pof^rtosdctivdtdiTii 
Ex [ibrii fcilicee iHis contra JuUanum j ^cx. iU 
lofcrmonc 14. Iti quibns jolumarguiturdc hoc 
pati&o. 

JaEn^f^Ta Manicjifi « Sc Felagianrtam inccr 
fc, quamcuiD AugutlinOtCi ^ivciGs-Ficctfuu- 
damcntis^ifi hocunum urcumquc aircrcnduiii 
unanimi confcnfu convcnicbant » quod vita^- 
ttrns £c fuitimum bonum^ quodc[lD..U5 f iif 
u^rimus fiuts humaiiji na urz pmfixifs. '.^Con^i. 
ilar icfrnjriJirc id Maiuchzof^tumc^ libtkcgn* 1 
iia jp^a$ii]od'^indicatis-^ tiim' c^aiiJUm^ cx U>^ 




^4 ftM^WH. 

bn»^|«*'*0 contiA ranftuiii Mftnidh CAfk^ tfll; 
csLibro contraF«cciuMcum.i. 8c«. dilp- f^M 
finem» tepropciaauwm) ^cxamaibiis lct|, 

' rcli<^Bis/>pu.culitcantra cosdem. PebigMiiaf. 
idiptum tdmifiifetamcftnoeumj q«^A «ft^ib 
ta corumhcrtfia, tahucM libcfo Arbicrio l^- 
rescxfefufiicientct , &ocdii]ttas.caaqum cl 
uhtmum fiium fincm td viCftu»«ccrBtmjfcuiuo- 
cem Dci» rcgfiumquc G<»lQrQm obtiacAdafli: 
indcpcndontcravcc4i^ei Gcatia^Utriqueigituc 
iotocic Srcum .\ngultftaacoovej>i^bant.t.%i|ot4 
hocpw6ium. 

* Scd communitdogmtcis diverfum ei e9«« 
rti fbndimcntum > quia^MApicbsi tlceri^tnt- 
ctu»» fire-, ot diciturinScjioiit, incciaCc^i 
aocUenriaiiccr bonai ; tkc<iu< fimilitfr tfu^: 
cx quibusbontmdiLCcbpstpvticttUmDcicttiti 
mtUm.ptcticulftm Igni^, 5ct'Mmi ; acque «» 
i(Hu9pc3do«Mnio, &eo«cjtio«9 ipan^o- omnit 
liotiiinummtla . atquc pjcicara t quibus , dc I 
pcrmixcioae tnim«v'x (e malc , cum pnrgtio 
a« iibcctcAforetpai&ilUfx <> bcna - tun&vcrf 
eamtd Deumrcmig.rar« , &rummi b^ni com 
pocemfieri: Qu* onmit refciuniur ab Augi 
Aito in iibti&jcitatis courrA Manichsot ; px; 
rertiminii]ACCA(fa Fortuna^uqi 46. >t Vd 
gianiidcb idiplum alTcrcbant , quia libcsi 
Hominit Athtir^um ft^itin «ft a Ocoi iy^i 
Dci itt capftji , uc ck fulficicniia fua oj 
nacum lit td cjuldem poircilionrin. Au 
AinutAutem ijdcm dqgma aduxucbat cc 
tia 6c ) rominiQac Dci homiocm juvanti 

\ 6Tiiinann^ gratuiib ad cum fincm. i^ua 
liqa nt cx Jocis citari<; j ro vcra 'cntf 
tkguc omuibus Au^uuim contra Pc1j° 



^nllillem liicebat Pekfius. Msnift^ 
io rftiinera » ncnicon*fqtjjbiJetnabf(jii«< 
jrso gr^eiQlb noti nl0gf3ruit<rpfoj^ofii, Ac 
Ltllita ibr^m obJationt dcbrfi p&^. 
a^QC in conrroffiijA tam cum MaiiicKcic« 

j OTiginaJi > fu^porrlt ftrtc fuQ Atlgfilliniif Ad ^ 

. qtjocufn iiTrif<fwr iprectMtTcniebMcitca ulii*ij 

^utnSnem HeminiB , ^mr^ftut ea IflppofiftA «^ 

«r^t Jibi ncccJr^^riA & lutlTciefts ad conTincea* 
«l{^f utrafquc ; GTnu^uecoftem jute prxfcindlt 
ab iii? in qtiibui»biunri-|UcdLiTi{fcbai, quire- 
UUi exprcdiodi^Tcnfiottii, ffcpfQpiisr fcntcntiv 
comprobatio tteccflarii tninimc ^ritad viii#^ 
rijm in furccpt^conttovcrjia. Quxduoomtiis 
Idoo^us >&eȣtui dLfpuiatorf rcmper 5t ubi- 
qac obfcTvic iiJigentcr. Ncccfractutn lutcnx 
crat t & futf ctens fappflncrc ultitrtUTn fincin Kq ■* 
miuisaur fecundum fc torum ^ aut f^cunJuLn 
partem Tul ptztipuatD , efTc virttn £tetti4m , ?c 
fumtniboai poffcffi nem . iive id p(»vcnitct 
^A niiurim> &fe cx g^ratkita Dv^i elcvacionc. 
£ n t q uidcni fuffi citns , q uia Sapienf j e pi i m us« 
&omntpotcti9 Gubcrnatot nequit nlli inno- 
fCBUiH nullifquffuiD mmJisiowltk impcdicufi, 
ncgarc aut raedia n«cnaria adT«um fincm con ^ 
fcqucndum, aui ipEuf finiiicnmcdiatam ^ttn- 
fect:tioncm, fi meija n^gftTcrJt. Qu^d priti- 
«tptum muUiSf ma^nir^iuf argttm«tirti deitiiin- 
ftfflbi^e th i demonflrltufque iti^uIenEec ab 
A.\:g';itfii^ U ii^ iprtstoei^j 14 quoriUQ Uiei* 



7« ^tffPiiX. v^ . , 

pjcetatiMe ref %miic. P(f »1*1 wh it^tAtmmni^, 
Sile , ucfatet» fiv^exoacuxa-rei , itveex§i% 
tuit^ElfTatione lc pzoniiflione , iicuaicui^M 
conlUcutut talis ^tki%, Snpponio tgituxevcflu^ 
fenfa Maoicharorum , 5c Peiagianoruni ab^st 
cspreflione taiionuin diifeieDtiaJium oon M^ 
ce/arianim , uti fic intcc AiitageiiiGas impi- 
gies, H mutttbpcrxtos pcincipiomm alcexi&fi 
ultiuium fiiiem honiinitcirGTitam «ternaoB» fc 
fitmmibonipofieflioQcm; optimeac infnfcit- 
bilicec colligitur, tumcontra Manichzcs» fio-. 
Bunem condi non potuiiTc cum pecmijctiottc. 
Aotmatnacnra malc, cogenrisad a^us roalosa 
Aeab'que4ufiicientiaaddiIcftioneniDei,JuAiti« 
2cveritacis, iInequavi(arinon poflunt pecct* 
taavf rtcntia ab eo £ne s tunr. contra Pelagianos 
Honiinilnnoccnti., atqueadeb pacvulis dece- 
dentibusanteufiim rotipnis , (icarerentp^cca* 
tooriginaii« ncf ait non fiofle vitam itternaiak' 
rcgnumque Coelorum. £rgo ea{upp.(v£tio,eo 
quodixiwodota^ , crat utrobiqi^c fnfiicieiit 
adinccnum. 

Eadcmautcmcratprorrus necenaria , qoia 
unicuique nrgantur abfquc ulla viblcncia» & 
injufia; Gub^xnationis labe , qu« ncque funt 
ejjusfinis^ nequeadcjus finem ullopado pec- 
tinent. Quoium niojirumappetiius , ncqoe 
infilperfe deternicatus , &broIutus&eflRcaxf 
neque adliviras potentis ii dcm preporiionaia 
cfic potell , cum unaquxque pot( ciia a^iva Hi 
fro[»tcr opcraiionfin j^ideoque opeiaiio noa 
pcli te. c alicnad luic roiciiiiK^lalttui oir.nis, 

aucf racifi.a. 

Eod'n: modo . ruc hic uifcurfus ccncludit 

.'■utiufiirium iI/^'poiti4/lc.ordia5tionti\i hciuir.is 



dile^ioneai Oci, Veriracis , arqoe l^ 

ircfciodeic AaguftiQun^ \ dileftioale ?^'\ 

crapciiiatunli,quiaad^xc)adendifn .' '* ; 

lacm Aif imaB natui^ wals , 9i necefll- 
Hvam ad peccacacx et provenieMcem» 
h»ocaimi>onibilitas negaadi honfiiai 
[itione dihftioaem aatQratem <|uaA 
alem. Vtxalibeceatmeft iacompof- 
earialicet cum efFeftd psccamiaofi» 
. Deo , acezcludeateeum , uc ultU ^ ;• 

I. ideoiaeflcntfficieatiaplenaatqttie ' * 

'Jtramtibct ^-jusnoii dilefti^acm e* 
afiter iaco n •o2!>i'is cum qualibet 
, & commtitiane coreace ad eiuT* j 

ca. Eraci^icaresrra^opum.flcrcm I 

du!iiag«baccoatca Maaicbxos , nc 
auc probirec imooffibilitarem coa- 
iaemab-qucdileftioaeillabooa de« 
utra^^rfiacunli. In di purationi- 
coorra P>*!a?iaaos • quii ag^^oatur ' < 



751 gjtiifhPm. 

dM perrpiritumianauin > U hablM ftf \ 
tiam- Quia agit de vitatione fatBtari fic f c 
yr^oniluceiiti ad -caflB fiaem fuperMtural 
Aiia^enim.eticnl^eraaiMipeccftivn pocd 
'taiiaiiutf feccacnm. m ' 

Sarift ilm ei hli apptret qusmn fit legil 
lariointerpretandi , &inTicetti canponi 
cciHnionia verz (enteatin & rattoncs dubi 
dt. Diccndiim nartiquecft Au^aftinum, i 
affericimpoilibiliiatenicondeAdihotniDem 
quedtieftione Dei,aut falcemabfqne fuffic 
tiaadillam, lOqui de dilcAioae pcsfcindc 
i naturali , H mpernatarali ; roliin»que ~i 
debrri homini Tircsad-vlcsnda pcccata , & i 
ftrTandam Innocentiam. Aum Tesb ru 
tlocetv Denmfote iajaihim-, fi liomini Ii 
centi } atquc adeoparfolis-non infcAia pe 
to Originall negaret «uam cternam , Kegnr 
que Cclocum , loqni fuppofiia ordinscionc 
minitadeam finemnlrimnm , nonea coi 
turaU determlniri, qnc admmebatur i P 
gianifl, auiomotAOfratioft, flt purr Ubnei 
qDxabiifiicm reiiciebatnxv fed atKltbet n 
tcrminati ; Deniqne chim adilruit neet^tn 
Graci«adopenqu«Iib^tbona,loqai dc o| 
-bono conduccnti pofitiTe ad Ticam sceri 
cenfiftenccm in vifi^ne Det. Qao omnia 
ftcildconfenant. Ictoltnntnr •raneafccni 
mo\l fuperina adrerfus commnnem Scholi 
corvim coneordiv racioocm.oaancfquc acio 
ilabicandiinttlo propofitn. 

Hic interprerandi modat prr przeiliene. 
Doginacibus &principils non neceifariiftad d 
mendam controTerliam fufceptam ; idee 
M/>Jf4tciidus iitmikit quia cft ispi afnr 



pxificipia tnftantur ex profefTo , legitimA 
cordiziatioocneduntur eidi£iis , uticlariifi- 
meappacet legiiimd ncdi. Dubicaadum nofi 
•ft , alia (iintlitcr ilifta cufffim laBKum ac obit«f| 
nbicamqiieundcm tcpeiiajiiu, ia ciuiAcfliLll- 
- laibiiflwrftCfi^eiida tfle. 

QUiESTIO IX- 

yifmm Njiimrd Lsipfkjtt Jtiilii 
fir^i furs} 

VIDBT-vk MB eftt. u Quh 
Theologotam rcatcmiarft, Bonaliicff dl^ 
isrffcilominombipfaa. k Furo » ^iiam ^lia* 
•am l «udo > if uod peiiade eft , atqiie viiei 
Xapfifc Pofi hominia cfTc eafiiem } MlBmq«t 
tns amidas cffc pev ptcoatiim, mBoe ptff GaciM 
■ ftip^raddira ftiennt. Qntd eofligitui es Dio»« 
■4. dediu.nom.aitnteNatuialinroanfiTe iacc. 
ft* poft peccatum tan in homiac , tnm ctiaoi 
la Daemoat. Ba quo idipfam dcfumpfiff D« 
Th. I. p.q.9f . a. i.qui prstcrca pffobaribid. q.t#. 
a. I. ad 1. Snbie^ontm appctitns icfpeftu ca« 
•ionifl; fchBina fcfpeftuDeit BtnefTe Homj^ 
Bi eoonatBralem » quia aoa pcffoiaafir poft pct* 
catam; 

1. Maatnttbui itrdea caufia maaent iidtim 
cffefttti, fedpoft Hominitlapnim mancteat csw 
dem caBfs» qas forcat ia ftatu KaturBpQrr. 
MaBeBCenimcBdcm primsfubftaatia, ezqui- 
bBimcdiatifci immediat^ cmteffa omnianatB- 
M^uM&uami aecei&ubi Kgitux oatufa. 



rKarutxnihfldefnifTetperfeclioiiisfit-' Nl. ;^~ 

turalis. CeBfeqacntiam luad t tui1;a 'V\ fr 

racio coixilitaensparia coi-nmodi: ik '^ ; S|- 

di motnenu' ex Icnoceniia & prcca* * " i'\ 

ma Natur^ peccamm primi Honiiini» 
.atrccin poftrrs, ncc c:s qiiiJ tuam 
. Er^o ncc drf ito cTiamvir quoid 
; qus ci!:c.'t uiu ut^ii.iu^ '^atuicom- 
atct Antcccd ns . q^ia r juxtaxqui- ^,, 

utilf r. 'ex a O o .-oa-.htira. m fifnu » t- 

'>tt^:tita*f*9 Patrtsri^i «JlljJ.iCll8c 
^''cci'!! pj-ris non auferata Filii> 
Honir.is n^^c-tiatopoteft aufcrrc JK- • 

. inip jN.ruri. "^ 

ulid ccd. irtcscum peccato '^ripinali k 

uxta coiri Tiunc.r. fcnteniiamf^^icita- \ 

i icrcinpiteina , pcrin'd/ onr.nin'^ af» •*: 

cntiirin pura Natura ' qui decc>^er; nt 
16 prccatb. Ergo «•tia-n adulti duili . j^ 

nrk'r in'tir nmni horto natiirali . ha- * 



t«ii 



(initU non potiLece 3 nc«, ».. . 
GratUmiupccaddiitmGxcationi » ut vidcce.u, 
iite» tmbularc. Ecgonulla font bona ccnna- *^* 
turaliancgabiliacationr prccaiii Aucquc|(j». 
ptetipfumdc fd^oainiiTadnt, ^ ccititutt ^ 
<^catiam. 

I. ^c funt exrca Homincm ftvc ftvcntit 
ipfi •fiyc noccntia , eodem modo fluunt , U pe- 
nguntcmrusruos» juxtaNatucam unumqna4- 
^ucfutm. pcoiftck Natucc Iapi2pc«rcnci fitui» 
quopcrageccnt&flueccntin ^atupucsNttncs^. 
Qnc aucem fiunc in haminc , & intra homincnit 
«aturatitcr dcpendcnt I poilccioribus . ftciia- 
^ Kucque ncccifarib ju|cta corum vacieratcm, lc- 
Bonalitcr, exccpcisa^ibus liberit. Ecgoadni. 
primns pnrcedcns excccitii m liberiatisia.tfta> 
i^cttndoeftcqu^ bcne conftitutiuin fttiu Natift» 
M lapfc , tc pur». ^ 

R. Bont uuicuiqne Ntt^rt!itfutttindu|^ct 

gfencrci Aliqoa namquefunc» qucpra?eniun|. 

eic d^tccm nacl cxigcntilk ctufarum nttnralinni^ 

^ "*•<-' nntuliseBttcttibusdecermu 



fiiecMmoili^adaitcDHiin » aidcfr! 
ifufinaJi ^venmstrc^iirntrr ^jccuf ■ | 

xUonc niEdtAi tCTnm nuttiaJittji] . Penl^ | 

,o teiic4ttefmla«tk>id Drucn, Ang£jo% 

^iHQnfs^ ijuii i^cni irt^tiofiile n9t» po* 

etlc d^tcEfiioirif ^uifidoi^Lt coi] ilituctttn 

icrciFcJliis^ se tcrjninos xqitalcitnccf re.Ad 

^itrmtniitOAem fotih m^a^i&auHX hnju^iodl 

*caJiu[Q> cttnfccfiittuf fatf^ Jonga Citcna cpi^* 

Midofttm Ai ineoniiDBdcKriUTi , A^ #iiv?t^fdt^9 

•^c^tvnajn hiiioiBiae \iktUi dtTcr^uicDi iice«« 

miiajUMiiia , 6c sppficaxJ 0014 uvrii fVDfti^^ f eaii»* 

fic , ad unum^u«4 i:uc faifiijcn. NiccLifofls Gjj- 

luriiiu, 4}u^ Dftj£ftc4tre^t*§, i;ifii:^nu.l «il 

A«£iorN3ti!rx.<:^^rtitB (tiLriin»m eilDc^xmjirs- 

jr^gTiiiosr iii favorcTrftfici^ins^ qam pttietTTii' 
Ji(^Bia. N^C '^micat4m£>Ynis;»ou)« t>^^ciinbt 
^uati^l r»b rpfopc^^itniis^>nic«rc[T> Scirnif^rf» 
it kMa t}ii(moAi ^mM^fiuf* . Mrcuivon p»tci^ 

teft£-«t iji pvrtrAatcdrtr-Tmtnwt^Mripnri ttic^biruifi 
•iiitgrmn tFiftmJtfim cm f'' tJMf^r^crcntitt^ti r Hf t 
Ut,^p-\iUh-^\Afjt^*t ijCTdaJrt' r »pf]ieeTT«u«« 

t>icciith|tTt ^M cft 'HiKTiirftnt l,a|i'iiu effc twa^ 
Jiit>« tiquiJ«lti Fli#«! , qH«»J ra*nit>i« b<JHa> ^tt« - 

»' r« ^ i4f t ftrb 4 >^ rt £» I M r i ^ Id qiM> i^ffrtvt^Htt / 
cotr^^nrciitt *ifi©»«S d«bij*«dj . ^ywr ficmiJ'» , 
fym . C« I rrinft t| tt «i*»dtom Mci tn r^ M * ftyl ^ •* 
drnrct inr^r^-crrr i>at| qUjatrnni ift i-r» t ►■«»•, 



14 -ibrt^ IX. . . 

dem detertninationc pcciiaentetd Pcimi , MHb 
luraLap^acttdeceiions conditiojcis* qu^m^ 
fec puia- i idcoqae ab oiute illa cik deb.lioi^ 
quam t(U fbret.Kacio eft« quiadum Dcus d^: vio» 
xit volanuti AdamiDona. Giatic litpenaani» 
lis, itrfpedttPOi^terorum» proculdubio dcna. 
MitcidemomniadonagracioseAtliberaliKrconi* 
fifrribiliaiiidem intn ordinem>Naturae. i^^ iuim 
feett hzreditarium camulum GcaiiaruniBi«io* 
lum , 5e < ubliiniorum i crcdi rationabiliter no» 
pocoft, nonetiam feciiTe hsredjitarium dcpea* 
denter^ib eadem primi ParentisToluntate > ca« 
Jtiurum mtnoruiii , ae inferiorum Gntiatiii» 
conrencarum inrra ordinem Nacurx. C^propte» 
amiilisdonis Supernacunlibus latioAC pcccati* 
amiflTa hmulfunt bona em.n naturaiia , conft- 
fibilia saturalirer, CcdBc negabiiia^ib^rquciiii* 
rKuio;Atpro ftatuNacurs purs Deus provtdii 
fzt fingalis , juzta Nitunm luaoi bencficaob 
milloeti^Unte impedimento UniverlaU Bcqc 
ilcenttje-divinae, ratione peccati originalb. qaod 
proeo ilatueii impodibile.Contuliiret ergofiii* 
^ulifplttsminas de ejaimodi bonis, juz.aina* 
jorem..aatminoremcujurqaeprobitatem, auc 
improbicatem, nec denegatio eoram •fcrperet 
•niverraliterperomnes,atttproomnibusopoi« 
tunitatibus. Ob hanc igicar.-ration?m Naturai 
JbapraeftabroIutidebilior,quim fbrec Pura,pro- 
l^er diminacionem bduoruoi pcndencium \, 
oauds nacuralibus intriafece indi^srepiib«Sr 
quantumeft ezfe, quam Natura puia nequa«. 
Mam pateretnr ; quia pro eo llatu non potuii^ 
Mt iqtercedere paftnm i qualc d^ £1^0 interoeCi 
^ c^nm pximo Homine.* 
£t qufcdefli aU^OMi 4ct)UKftteoi x^ajoiem ? U» 



ipib dc;:.':eiiu(rralia. (inonad;uve* ^.- i^. . ' 

am, poteftat':m moraiem icxvandi ^* i^'^ '"* 

n nacural&n. Trrtium llchomincia- 'J^ *l ' ' 

n graiui:is latione peccaii, uciil ' .'•'- 

tus lic in nacura^iibus, juxta com* ' i ;. ' ' 

Uigen tiam Parabolas^ qua;habrtuc 

rtria Princi^iia , ne quidem ab^n- .; 

snumdubitandinegantur, nccne- . ^- , 

o paflfunt, propterobvias, fienia- 

oritates facras , quibus 'iabiliun- -'' 

tcm exillistribusad-uiiTciHoniiui '.*- 

rzpuras, Non prinum • quia nulla 

aulafabdcndi Dzmcni, &eius?en* 

incm innocencems rjurquecondi' . J. 

endi uliquradco deterior m. pio- •< 

c-ccaru..» , & mdc contraftam ini- ; 

irius' Nonfccundam . qiiia 1 ut li- \ • 

:• }. Homini Innoccnti debetur c<" 

icientia nonfolu n phyi^ca . ied' 

! . ad iervandam tota-o legem na ; ^ 

tA r%K -\ .t ^ n li I r» riiiim iiTriiv« «r» d * 



quat^nQS debitiar. qia.n f^tet pnn»- 

Ad 1 . Coni; ucatio r^.o'utt cu.n nado CM_ 
Haturr lapl>. Se Pu<z$ quoid boaa devinclil': 
C](igentizdrccrininacx, t«mipGa$ NacnriBliai» 
maaji , tuni c .'.ccraru ii cauuruiu nacutalitta* 
Hxc uiiniruin (aac , quz adhxrciic cainqBM 
vr.trs-.-rrnancnccr. & uniformicer • ciiiD coe* 
tera varicniumoaruraipa caui^rum. D. Dyo« 
sydus :>rocalduKio , c\\ intclligendus de iifdeii . 
folis bonis qnandoquidC JQ fiia afotioDe coa* 

Slcdfcifur ilatn n Dxmoma #; qui cft 'iatns scern« 
ainnatioois . qn : priTtc oniDi ^ratiofoeAula-- 
iiiri na-nraUum occurlii,^ dc maliispcoindebo»- 
nisnaturaliter ablDltiti.poffibilibas ; & reliD* 
q^iic Totuntacem prop» in^nirc drbiliorem, 
qnamforetin i>ataNatur«pur««D.ThoniasreAi- 
infcrc iabie»lionem appetitvs. & lacioais oM . 
tfTt conntturalem « ex co « quod admifTa fic 
pcr peecatuiTi.Quft qui cjiiHimant illam effe na* 
tuntem* putanteandemefre propriecatrm qc* 
ccflario confequrnteni cx Nacoya hoininis f^ 
cundum fe } ad eum mod im , q-uoad eand^flr 
conrequittir rnbieftopoc<*ntis loeomotiv« alki 
rumqae potcntiaram exterrarrum ; i^tnfubfe 
ftionon incft homisi ex cvurarum nartrralittf 
fKifcntiaiudeteriTriiizi). Hihif i^iiftr ibihab 
turadverrus dcbititatem NatuT» l^pOs Fur»d 
tamindcJFcflubonoraiii pen.ienttum ab«^i> 
tatc&cxigenciacaVintrimi imanlinfn. 

Ad z. Manentibus iHifvm catfnscnm ead' 
d^tcririnatione&oblflgat^oncadagendnm.f 
nrntiidemeffcdus: n^on rimefl ea varratl. 
ften utnautcincft, applitar^cmef)i , ^(f«e; 
n^tion-m caiifarurr nafuralium "'Tc diver 









"I c f atti^ 01 m e lio rii t^n ^f : i oti i i 

j qvkt» forcnt in pufi bf4.iurl. Qutam 

i deti^eemTinajidiE fivoral^iiiterofnArtu^s 
j«l3li^C4uiistli[urafibu^qy.0Tkteir«nt «ifck 

, diuttd pfprp^to«3 & ifnptorprros ccJpvifli^ 
/niinit' Qu0il {^i&4^n psiAuii] defi4><>iiitCTve£l . 
At , utdi^iiiiici^^i^fztctcmEIcTatio ftDfriQtjfas 

Enrm JiipefAicurjfffm , cum totaltts dotibu^ ei 
auEi^xti t^ompetif^iiontm fac^rcc plufoiMrn x-^ 
dutlcmcoatinf cntizamfiCcadi lUqua toQi af* 
tmurtiQ IlauipuixHatqrx, Aiijaehiiii: patc te- 
ttimill qu^ftum, <^ii rupe^ddirii C0egntui- 
tis, noncttcontn zqaiutcm ntmfiis aatura- 
list urfiltttsporret jniffuiutefn F'ttisrui,quoi<l . 
mit^Ja fivfc ni t Liiiilid , Avc lupc raaiur^lia u c t>o* 
tc quxdcficeic po^unt , matif ntc Ksitufj Ha« 

«mQiai>4ekViiQinai% £c nccejninb conrequuo- 

ttUip 

Ad s. Atcria p^rvutorum dccrdcnttufn fltil 
laptilmo^condMio 5cli4tut icscfl valdc obrcti- 
Uf &jnccf[a , fatcncc Augjiditio L } c^nn^ 
lut. ci. fe ttoapo^lTcdcinifc 1 qu* : qnali!^! S^ 
qtiAQta fuvun ^t corum diiuiiAtio C«teiuii| 
cos dimnari ^ in eidem ifta confc^jone t^a- 
qtiaivecitiiimumfupponit, &;metirb, proptci 
niiihiScupiurxicftjm«nia , qnxiprctirgct t*- 
liriinlDCJS contra Tcb^lanos^ 5cci co Bcllai- 
miaiti , Aliiif »icicft cffi»uli»4 {lobiiioniba^ 



I 



rupera(idi:ii tbiti *,conir. 1. 1.^, C. s* Bamnflri 
luqu^Ui, uun rulujii^, quiA car^fit vllioni: Dci'i 
fcd ctiaiu quia tkoii co\xt\ic^u n iit u r bc^ ci tti dlnem 
namralcu:» yi rung^jicrc p.crfeaaiJij SciUacbji- 
tauii coI|jc^rlifi' jccd lubUf»rifo » Hcu Jarcl. 
ho, &(lcfiiiU[i difpofirLOiicad.ccgiutEoatniu^ 
turaleo) pcift-^im l^ci i 6c co, 1 1^* runi rc rum, % 
jpunftidoloic liccE admodum micide tJlardl 
lorce j atqucdc ciusp^icnnitatc-Quod ut mliil' 
isumconcrdaturn^ccfTccfl urgcniinL^mit, eaia 
ih rcm>.aUtloitutlbu4 , quaidi^um eA^F^- 
iar*nino cumulari. vjuarc ci hoc cipitc . iifque 
adeo, non fubiuicui majof d. biiJus KituixU- 
pfx ▼iaaicis » nt potiiii quim mazimc ro^ote- 
tur. 

KCque'mjru'm vidcri cuiquam debct » quoJ 
<iicitur, dc fbitc deccdentium Hn^ Baptifmoj 
& (Inepcccatoperfbnali, Quji ju$'ad beatitttdf- 
jiem natuxafemftinditumindi^iiitaiC' bumabl 
KaturxrecundiiiTi fe , non ^ft itaab^fbrutuiHiUt 
fion fit capax ciccptioniii ptomdcqiic iliqnap 
trnusconditioQatum , & contingcDtiz r xpofi* 
tum , quando^|uidfm p^rfcloqucndo , COrtc- 
jiit homint t± luaNatuiS , ur pcrvrnrar ad a- 
fu.n rationisj StlJbei^rateiuncpoiia^ur inrrea« 
di B( atitndJncm , Camque amiLt ndi , ac incip 
d^n f i in itLSgnarn &' imdi^qu^c^ur curnuIatAddi 
xni criatn. m^x^ \\\i quT d ccdiE antc uTum rl^ 
tio is ■ nn ] 1 n b i q .. .1!: rito f j, votr lu pern 1 ru rat^ 
fai':n.;bifi r r d^^tr^itilturc^ t»^liit'udiii^ naiiitj* 
Ji" •lantum imcr.^fl-contiiTff jitix ^aiii romitid* 
tarj3icamma?na illl, & fii niriami rria. », uB 
acccdir i(iam conringf^ntlam c^iVd- f.i ^omafp- 
ri"'!n, & uroniorcm 'n «icterias «:rontfr i-- be- 
sii.itarciniAdu^aiQpcrpcccaiun^Dci^ina^^url 

C*^Q- 



nceuam aiiquaicnus acicnor noitra 
qnam forecin pnraNatari, latione 
ecdem prlmoParentecominilfi , i- 
ccatum tranfmittatur ad Poftcros,ad- 
auone aliquorum bococum abfolutd 
1 iniia limites Narurx tani in viH, 
itxia^ tametfitnpuraNaturl nuliae- 
iBfmsifiofutttra fuiiTer. Qnia videli- 
ienrerab Innocentix coni^.-rvatione 
niJiter eramus virium , bonorumque 
ii feliciorem :;trobique ftatum. 
im di^um eft aliqua cfl\- bona natura* 
Hlia, quibus piivari quifqu^ polfit 
ricuio ; qaare punitio peccati per 
m aHquorum bonorum connatura* 
I eftex luo conceptumtraculoia» fed 
tra omnc miraculum po0it iuduci pec 

Dconfticit.noneidcmproiflisratione 
turs humans omnia 8c iingula boaa 
ibi!ia uaturalitcr-, fcd aliqua i>fre, qui- 



fulirequiinrra ip^uin Honii; <»m variatxonem^- 
bilioris dirpciltionis ad bonum. Dcinde iorra 
»priiiD iiominem eft cantus , & ram aHiduus Au« 
ZU8, & reflujcuf hamorum^ ^cfpirirounivita* 
llum gercntium in fe phantafmata. comai«a- 
vaappeiicusfenlitivi , 8ciod • radonis. u ftd- 
le, ^ trequcntct evcniant indeter-ntnationcs 
ilixruperiusdcfcriptsinorionu • locatiu-' tcc- 
fttsh^nc » vcl iilatn parrem ez deter* inacio^ 
A€ quarum fa H a Ox none , pcr pote Ureqi, 
quamhabctadtentandt: n r^tione prccari pot- 
cft multipliciter induci debilitas non pacia k. 
Totuuute rcrpcdtt boni honeiii. 

Q^U iE S T I O X. 

Vtrum repwrnet Statw NatMrd pHr^ 
^Honi CoH€Hfifc€ntidm non Sntji^ 
Q^m, Rationi l . 

ir Idetur r*»pugnarc. i. Qula laud«WIe eft Yt^ 
^ pugnareCon.upircenrix, non fcautemlau- 
dab^le , rejif^crc bonojc motionibusaDroda* 
tU Ergo Concupircntia. 8t ejus morus non 
func^ Dco, Sed proveniunt cx peccato Er^o 
xcpugnat , ut inilnc Nacurs purc t Ae uonduni 
aacutacs peccito. 

2. Pudicitia crboni. cad*mque eftcontra- 
riaconcupircrncix. ^i.ti Ho nini » uc pugn.-t 
Cuii illa. Bonumauc^m non elltonrrarium bo* 
no , nccDcusdacali ;ua :ua dona, ur pigae- 
ttius cdin aliis Ais dnnis-, iVd cx fo^o p^ccato 



Bl Concupifceniia iniit ante peccaruni. 
iacupi(centia eiluiaicria pudoris &e- 
icir, ut patec cjciubventione folioriim 
I hominibus qua/ica. Quar aucrm bona 
eaittunt au Aon* Deo , nou poifunc cf- 
ria efubc^ccficizj fed fblum pcccacum^ 
\ pccoato prooedunt > talis matei ia efle 

Dtus Concupi fcentic funt de(idcxia pec- 
. Defideria aucem peccacorum , 5c td 
a necefTafffa prorcniunr. fnncnitta .nec 
A:u&eic!n Deom , tanietfiilJis ffelifl». 
ro lolttm ab hominepeccaotcpffOTeiu- 
nr. 

oria Naturalera , H iuftum refum or- 
lik, uc pars infeiior non fubfit fupeffi^- 
cft« Concnpifccntia ffarioniicfts, id« 
atum , quod fblum przftarrpotcftdo** 
rgritatis , aufcrensc^^cntiaUtcr puritl- 
urae , quoad Cencupilcentiam non fub* 
icioni. Malu<i? autem eli, quodcftcon- 
m ofdinem.rerum, ncc petrlt A\xU9- 
er ' Deua* , qu>i nen nid ordinatillimo 
jidquam potrft# 

omnia qux in i(lis quinqu'* Argumen^is 
tiir, fr •lucnccr 8c expr-^^sc doceri ab 
i4' , 5c luculcntcrcomprobari I. 4. $. & 
ajulianum. I.i. &2. Opcri$impcrfc6^i. 
uobus dc percato Originali , &t rotidrm 
i^upciis, S^.ConcMp. ?v-libi, utncccf^e 
fidoca iingula notarc. ExquibuslociJ 
:prszcr. a. 

iaAu^uftinus probat in iUtsexiO^^ntiam 
Originalis ex prop.igationr concupil- 
b Mumo in onissfsejus Foilcros. Ciuaic 









tdmiAa f oifnSilicate CoDc^upircentiaB , 
tuiim c jus iii ho:nine Innoccnti , ti^nt 
tipua, 6cFcreunica peccati origiatlit ( 
tpud Augullinum > qul fcUicet lemper 
'ycecatttm adf erfas Pelagianoi negancc 
salecotSetammagnamala, qaciiH>d6f 
fiint Concupifeenti* conneia ■. aoa nj 
catf ice Yoluntate induci potuiTe. 

^.Hiftpugnat Rominem cOndi ibfqne fu 
HeratiOnisadDenm. Siquidcm crpugn 
licm condi abfine dileiltoncDei.Tcrit 
JfuiHciaeutliqttrt ex teftimoniisaddu^i 
th iil ratione dttbitandi. (^c ditctioc 
inrerab;eftione7) racionia ad Drttn» 3i 
nnc*mraciottia ad Deum eft ctHra fubji 
Concupifcenticadcatiofeifm, nt docet 
AugufttnoD. rh. r. p. q. 9f«a. i.£rgor< 
ho '«inein condiabfque rubieftioneappe 
ticioireit. 

R.lfra^ntpnrc tfaturac in concfpni t 
quatoinc*udicdtto Primam, defeftom 
fionii ad ulrirnam fin^m fnpematuXalem 
■tntu«iaTifioneD*iinim-diati: 8c con 
cer dereftum donofttm onaniura fupet 
'liunr quiKuf Homo perducicucin euoc 
Dean<ie''nc1udicd*rfe5bum fubocdinatio 
frftofnapp^cicuin^erioci . (eu Contnp' 
tefpefku ritionis F.itamefn poflfibilitac 
dendi ho.-nin^m abrqu'* ofdinationc ad 
nem DH iinmedia;am, iam itcrnm reje^ 
adqttcftionet d" D^^o. ut ad proprium 
& Argum^^nca «dverfus ea ) poiliVlirati 
ftciiiora bfiita qtt^m quc Dtonofirt ( 
▼erfus poffiMlitac^m 'Onfen«ii ho-nn' 




O «fgtifaeufi funr «p^arftitL»' inl|f_ 

lco ttupcf ci^ato, ^m^ft^t&U C^tf^ ' \ 
P4n .■ I^ iafrritrmjm FmHm sd rstttmtm^ 
mtMtmht. v4ittfmim ^ati frftMfmm mMtm 

rmMftnm ^ mJ Il^itnjfi»t 4iei^ ^* t^ dt dM$ « 

:^i<i0e AppctiTui & Concupikeniix 
cmj acfrcirf uti<{i]?jdfuitreUiCi:cAj4 
li iii Jia [i ra c qo4j tioAC , & - ii£ec cii 

dctrmlnau KAiioiaisfupcnofij. 5t 
lcmi* , Ar ^ppceicus infciiorij* Di- 
rit^ ^uxi).pj.KG^d. ^us taliaccc ! t4* 
irunt DnmiciijUiqac Naturc , nom- 

pcccjtum. Cum ig^rur cxpcricntMi^ 
Sc cx^muhit loci? fcJtpiuf « , c^uiinodi- 
cm^miiiinj cJTepe^i pcccjtuni p clite 
II, ia.lrin fubrcCUofi^En nOtt ClTc Hq- 
amejcNitutA lei^ k<J gfsiuitara, 6c 
islcm. Atqut idcb crciii illtim ^i-- 
rMri patuifle abfque cd donofubje- ** 
iicapi:centiac.Confirinatnr,<quiaHo- ^ 
turx relidus bona ztci'iit impcUentiiK' ' 
lOficsliQncllascognorcit valdeimper- 
iquairi abOntia, &perfJpecieSa]ieBaS'' 
itaj Bona •vero delcAtbilia, Sc ten> 
PUlaaiia Cbncupifcentiam » cognof- ' 
iate, 8c perfcde per rpeciesptoptias- 
pra^fcnMa l t^ prxfc^nti protiniis ufui' ' . 
Uv Quaie raiio iupeiiornifiadjuveo ' 
> pcx rupcrnatutale aliqubd Adjuto- . 
pptert fibi licrftac fubiiccre toncu- 
y^ nec&cerc, ut t20j^fi3tveAlMt ^tf* 



M:i 



I 



ejiis isj^tiif fti^afruSusVihi dclibefarioiicni 
^ que c6a(ulVaiidiieia cifca eligeDcUVM^vc' 

talesinatu^perrinacicervezeturinTTra; ig 
coB^fiii CoDcapilcentiam eflc (btutam , ne 
bL^dieatemiitiottit iicutobedicas, fit fiibj 
fnic de fafto antcpeccatamrstioae doni Sk\ 
naturalisfcatiosi fuperadditi.qaod comai 
ter dicxtur doaum loteacitatis. Xt ob e|uicc 
ui^ cidaem dicitar Ecclcuaflici 7. Dtus^fitsfl 

^i^ mtn*min9mm, l|t iaterpTetihirD. TliOfnas < 

^j|! Aiiguftiao, &a1tisSaaftis Parribuscommi 

V Jl '^'* ^^^^^^^^ aimirum td rcftitadtfiem ha 

jgS nis, ut rafio fapcriot pe rfefte dominctur 

\Wvi tcatiisomaibusinfcrioribus ficac prttiae 

i'%'^'" oppolitamdcclivitatcm, qubdAppeiitus Ii 

^3j.^^ lior ^olficjimpetn fuo przoccuparcRation 

l> t|j camqiic peitrahcre , ac divcrtcread confid 

S ; jfi| tionem bonorum ten&^oralium» atquc ad ca< 

^•i ■ ijff incliaare appetitione rcnfoali. 

1 . >«■; Nec tamcn , proprertim ejufmodi concef 

f/„ ^.i Concupifceacix advexfus Hationem atiie pe 

fiSi tum,dicipoirctDcusin}u(lcafere. «^uja ut 

S*\\ cit Augu.tin. c. ix. de dono pcr(eu ."ji^^i 

l^% il*»9r4M$m & df^c»/f4f ( loquicur dc difficul 

Sm'U orra ezConcupifccntia )#fMxi^r/<r»rlf«Ml»fj 

^I - n mirdtM n^imrAlU , nnfit tuifdudmj Dtm • fld Im». 

dm tjftt, Quo^ iplnm docct ). ). de Lib.arl 
10. x lib.i.retra.d. c. y. 8c alibi nen fcmel. 
.. i^rprecaiioppcrb* quam tamclaroteftimt 

-Itt ,?' adhiberenonnulliienrant, craaefcetcadi 

>&-•* disadquincum. Inrerimconlidcriadum c< 

L^ h cui Ocusfccitplerafquerrscorportas, co 

^i^-i«-* riocii i.4bje^ast itaetiam fub.lantiasratio 

pji (■'' feclCc peccandi peiiculo eapoiitas ,8e cor 

^^^ bticsisoialiicXf nctttris iaTideasbonum 

' » 







ic, Qi pJiliiruifiricni toiititbci- 

ipoterat, li^icutlaudandm «fl 

jitiobi^ iQpeiiori^, ^^^^ qi3o4 
lildmtittxs rcliUcrCi qucrad 4* 
clibrrjtoiH, hoc rilcc ci 1 I>^9^^ 

ia tiijgfiOfcccaniii f ^ncu e, 
e 6c tioQ loiii iliur ^iujiti ui 
^o;l iuD , td qit.4K i>u>Cj^c lcv 

}4xcE)[rf docct Au^ujlitiusiiili- 

tncijpLlccniiz foiuiz nott cict 
i dffcdui uhefiprjs b&tNarii 
t{U: ni ^d bonitatcni dQnuti m 
liti.tiararn I & itnp^tijciuam 
ci\ii$ iux cntitaJsin boniiatCt 
itiiatiu.9, ac fecuni indcutiiica- 
>nif«itat , fjctpciati) quariAui- 
in * & inipcrfeiv^:ionuiii , qu^r nc» 
;bj^kpccatis. NuPujD Cqui.ucnj 
apaqMC caufam babv nt ^iQpiic 
llupi habcnt clVc prppiic talc, 
isfoimalisadatquatiis A uftoris, 
r:|I,i5. Sicut enim in rc ,qux im* 
pcrtediio non clt continuaiiY^ ' 
. ^cffC , quod ilU convcnit: 
pcditiva, fcui^rai»j>rdiiiQ fot- 
malifti 



9^* Ms^fh 'K* 

inaHi»qaa«i&itseadt:inaaualitai8t effe, 
xttis-pcogsecliacur » ficin majoccm afluc^ 
muluniaftualicaus , &boniucis: iu Aoti 
caula teilimicatx • non dac iimiutioncra 1 
fititnperfeftionemcauianxlo ulcucanfalii 
quamesercec circa a^aliucem » & boni 
cjus i fcd pocius ntXiil ulceciut cauftado. 
imperfedio- CbneupifcemiflB i9lueB» rcu 
p^rfeM iiittje^ rationi , camcfcfi Hami 
InitiofniB Creationisante peccarumagna 
iflet » non- fuifTec adfcribenda Deo , cta 
AuftbciSccan&i fcd limicationi Human 
curc , &-parttcipioniliileitacis , fibireliftii 
per danum Inpernaturale, ae prorfos in 
tumin meliorem conditionem p.romotis 
demproriusroodo, quo Angelorum* alts 
que quarumlibet fubitanciarum creatarun] 
cabilitas ineft ca*fc«, Deo nntum negini 
aum«fupernacurale , ac pcocfur indebicum 
cas rcddacimpeccabiles. 

H^buiCetnihilominusConcupifcential 
ante pcccacum aiTociaca Naturz humaiic , 
diiferrec i di^olucione Concupifcencix , 
ineftdefacko natuxx Iaprx.in' peccacuoR. T 
xetnamquv: prtmo pet cxtciaiecam denoi 
tibnempoenz, &reoeIIionis Cikm enim c 
€to collacai Dro fueric fubjedioConcnpi 
tiz j eaque proind<: przezticent fubjeda 
peccatum, habec racionem panzejusdi' 
tio , quacenusdonum fupernacuralr , qu( 
tinebacur, in pcenam peccati (ublacum < 
dicicurmericb rebeljio, vis refiiicndi Sc 
dicndi concraria priori fub|oAiont. Di 
rurfusincrinfece, .{uatenus Concupilceni 
pccMum,, nsk t&- foluca » ut rcgnct i 



liiaecm ft#fii f uIb a»tittx* Qmjm 

mie6 #f»pt^mtmrfAU«t<^<icupir« 
^dACtif fltfarilftet iLzip«»ii yii^ob* 
l||li^is nifijtAUt , vitaiiaomstttiQ 
HnUfm , ik tridtorij gnfilHmA- 

Itriiceiae» Cum tatiic» Mittitaputt 
li iotttt noo roluii} phytlo^» fsd 

liofiili poieftift y »911 l^iim f hf &• : . 
^fncrtiln idobtitievUusi uhltniifit 
bi coDnititfAtfmv ut liquctcxdi^ 
^^tio vcfo I pitaiide^iiicitiitcK 
pTced. <jtaiitmiiarnfi«tuahu- 
rpcccACi dcftititituf faYoubiJi dc 
t'^3 ufa T u tn tec uftdaru e ikk i« i ad t£- 1 1 
'«venc»s migii antmirtu5f«fentci 



» ut qaalirlccs phyticz dat« 4 Deo 
fiiimtnTicefnpu|;QenK, 9c?alen- 
ilcatibas prxvaiesnt. Hoc lcilicet 
«omnibus ccearuris ram rarionali- 
mtioDaiihas • nciiabeant aiiquas 
rs' ; quibus rcfiftcre poUInt alia 
aDei: QdIo taaien-ulia Dci cfona 
i donafunt, eunique habencAu- 
nlia poflintinccr ff. contrarieta- 
;^od etiam Concupiicenriz fuo 
ictttimox clariiisexolicabiiur. 
ibec Imperfc^o eft roatena ali- 
entiac latcfuniptz, id eftConfu* 
umiJia-tionis, eique fubiunc om* 
rs , &moiusc)prporales non fub- 
ro ac defpocieo voluqtaiis inipe« 
;is« qao minus ei fubjacent. Quia 
*edto deprimicimmediateapicdn 
rattsj & quia iiliufniodi fcivirus 
I adtcmpua , infra drcorum flbi 




■i- 



poteft poflTbilitas Concupilcentiae -folntsi 
onHic peccatum , quiixi poflibiliui pioa 
pcccabiliiatis. uunniqueconflicficx. Qnia.^ 
ji^^erproxtma-peccabilitas fundat ejufn»od 
morcm . ac proin4^crubercenciafn,^uafB taj 
RnJirundancttlla Dri dona; ac pcwndi oe 
C!<!incupi!cent4a,nicioneboniraris,5centitatii 
pplitivx, rrn^uaccnusrnntdonaDcipedra 
yreimpcrR-dionis, vel coonatuialis fibivc 
senriaiis. Ec«|uia talis impcifc^oprzeminc 
cencupirccntiaiatqueillipotiiiUnamfignifii 
dzdelcrvit i(YavoxexcommuniBlii,propci 
C-oncupircentia concipitur «hK prscipua < 
l>ercendiniarf ria , ^quat» euni fAkun zt^6 
termtnare p^rens. Dcniquc ca foIutioCoi 
phcentiac, ultraerubcfcentiamcommuJicm 
tui purx naturae, aliifque impeifedionibui 
roufeli.oneomAiumcoBvmunibus hominin 
dumbeato, pro tjuovis aiio ftacu, uti iam 
jintuitclarij fundat pi«tcreadefadona;oj 
£rnbe(cenJamiimuicumyerecundia,qi»te 
provciiirex peccato^primis hominibuscci 
ia , .eiu<<iue turpicudini attciiatur, & indi 
in n^aius pcriculum ulcerius peccandi » quoi 
altenimilli nequaquam convcniretinflatu 
Tx narurz. Alterum vcrb confCAsretminuj , 
dlilumel. :•' • 

Ad^.Dcn^eriuin , utplarimnm f ufurpi 
proac^u dflibeiftco fcefficaci de boootutu 
arqurhoc pafto^ -motus Coocupi.^ccntic p 
vcnienres ra'iionftB -dici non poflunt defioc 
peccandi.Quiaruntindciibcrati, &incfh'cac 
Cxtfrum drfidcrio lar^ fun^pto, pro (iir.pi 
cojrplaccnti 1 teiminara ad bonum ablcns 
j.itnunc Dcg2£i potcd iublUnus Udocc 



IX 4e(iderlnm non f fOTcnit cx Deo, 
lete iaititisin Oeo . quidefcauofa 
fS nJhilo 0e experfeftionc Creacuric 
rcilifSicata, permicteaccidDeo, f.a 
diehte. Quta melius eft homini & Ao- 
:recuTien{le^ft'j, ^oam liin|»lici:cf 
re : Neqairergo rveocapirerepu^ria- 
InaoccaciConcupifcencianon fubje- 

3ne(lcoacra reftaa ccrumorJine*n. 
a non rubliac SapenoriWas • quoai 
ninoinocus. Sca^ion^s. NimiiCK^-^;: 
Lcurx iniegrc, rubetfcnt Ubero »o 
flcrationis impetiot GcaTicicioCor- 
ifpiracio , xertiraiio • 6c fi<uile« aclio 
lerfo edcoacraceftum Oi:din;:>ii» ui 
londibllacfup^tioribis , (IcacMini- 
CRdebanr. q.ioaJ a'tion 's itnprdi.t 
finis,aIiaru.av^ueawlioiiu:n,qu2riinc 
ad conlequcnJain i:lciniarn tiue 11. 




\0Z ^4^t§ X, 

potuit visftT^^JinivttlLpto circumftjutiis lloirc^ 
csccutioniK « quin vex^trtcadctm iucl|i]aiioii£J 
in contrarii» eO^m ,cMcu.iii>Hi)taf i ^C p.roliile 
«juir.indirc^t im|^eIletq^adpsccan,duJT^» "' ' 
: £z:hiB rcr^<oiiti9Qibu^ patec t^u:^ lcnfu jic^- 
.pi^Qfia piit dq cum ^QU An§|i Hiiv . , >^ux in di^aL 
tur in patio^iiojuci;! j^bjeaioi^Lim^ AMgLi^tnjil 
,€<iiin Ip^ixitur cir^a C^i^c^pIlccifU^iu » pft>lt 
dc fj^clo cd pqcna pi^ccau , ^ prour fcgnApa 
.t*arii<iP.^c^aiii^a gf rponocrjfitia iiv^t^s^^ffl 
.^infi{{(aiii^(l<^.£^iiDj^h^ M^pc 00.113, psqutu- 
yo fi ( 4 {i|^ ft /juj)i a ." qiuoLf £ B ihll f i D d c c oiT vl n (^it^ 
^j^.dTCHus Cpacvp^^cfntiajn # c^^Iil.futuf^ta^ 
.k ( (p (^ ( p ^ s l^r c p u r z * 

Jamad6. ^o:id ^robatlonem prccati Oricl- 
iialis ex prf^pagarLoQc . Cp^upircLC^iufe ah ^in^ 
moino t\fic^ c/uipplhroSi dup fgai.pbrtri^- 
da. Alccrajiitjti i^ug^fliauni AmpeOjJ{i.|j|^^ 
xc , tanq.uaaa,fvQ4iiiic;itum « ac.Dj^fim ^}y^^§t^ 
bationis, tciU|noQiiim ilhid Ecclcl^'^. j^jjww 

Admitccbant quidcm pctag aiji« fed iotcrprcEi- 
bautar noiilrc contra [ncDEcm fatfum , Cc to< 
liusEccIciix , jnLcJ]Egentijm nomtnc Ecftttudi- 
ni^ , cxciu^onrm cjua decH vttatis jq maluin, 
Ouam ipiduuu cnncupifccntia^ uc nunc ^d lo- 
juta. Q^olupfiotjto , prouE ^tipojiic ubiqtic ^i^ 
guftip'ia, vcl cinto cjEpref&C| ¥cl Cpb %crbiix- 
quivalcntibus fvbintcJlicloi illOj.aui jimijit* 
lioteflimonio , ^uoi facllcfjtkirquc dcptclicB'- 
dct exIe£^iot]C AuguElinl Ijrdemin tocii> quit- 
tari 6: pou^erati f«lent tdvttCus {cnicniiAm 
quam defcndiinus> cvidentillimum evadit ac- 
gumencuin infcrens pcccatum Originale ex 
Concupi.aenria » uc uuoc eii» quaicaus dona 



ChiriT rnim nhit) h/po^hefrcani pfO^Aijrv^rtn 
p ro o tan f f * '^ e t ^ *?» v* fgtrcfmfitit^i^ dfj^ttt itM^^^ 
jfitjftnr. tmTfi^d\^lkMi\\tm ^SltUdkfi^sH4iimm§rm 

f^if^f vturm iitjfvvfmiiift t <^d€ dtccMt. id«b 

- *j&te ft , ?t n cce ffe tfl^ e ^t ctd cre p et i Ai>tfii oi % - 

^ndtHdmme^ .ubdir Ibidcni r ^iMi«rr<^w' «f^r^' 

lariftAiB Bc DilficiiUaTfm,, fjt)«^nFmfU0iiT| ic 
^ i rii p f ri es D ^ p bt u rrtH)!% ihlh f ih> e*T^ TpV Vni <3 tll ■« 

- «HcmiAi? Q^iirali^ap FunddHiiir enint Jd ifEqui 

t^nitajc* /anejif^cuiuAjiofTiinc ^^t propricia- 

tcs Horriirtf tonflatdriflcftV&^tontlnrriTTfOTmaJi- 

tmliquarn jmperfeAionem , f»rioiicciiT"S po(- 

^^ni efic j*<rn3 pet-cafi rcrptftti Wmnimi^^irccc- 

^ licnterflrviti] ulmdigriiratcm tu^cjiatofx. 

* Scctihdo locn obrcr«f*rLd\iiTi irratlhif «KbAfi- 

"'faftJtiUfTi hon concliidcrcpfcCiium Qrifin^Je 

'^riconctipirc^iitia uicuiwtjuff i>Onliibie&i rativ- 

'^ui.; fcdci CofltupirceisTia qtjfttfs dc'fatto c*i- 

'*fti^re|fn3iis incameprccjiri i fic habcn^fVirul^- 

^(iilativam, ^u* inducrc inam Le*«tH'iii nscm- 

t f ii horti iri i« : n ua Jem concti pifc^twiltn nOB fia- 

■turameffciTi ftsin pun nattira t Tiin^rfifbfajc^ 

'0* r^tioni omniito non forer , ficuc dc fatio 

^ fui t a/i te &c«cttii» ^ oJ^enivin )jiHr cik liif c ^i o f i 



I 



•o4i gmsftiiX, 

. J^ileftiodein On iVu potius ru&JcQi 



> Miiir BOtt «iTc fiipcrMciinlcm , U tm4emmf^i 

• Mffirdm t quK fol& contJiict tn &pcmA9i 

2liki€Aioiiea:i»«cu»Diiiui 0«)iBii &it iiattinlii|i 

UliflteciBf ro^ ff pixfcjitimlivotem *^|S|ifiiijf 

epeiatioflua , tUmiiabitufadhac utteiti^i^^ 

Q^U ifi S T I O Xi, ^ 

xilh GraUd per QhriftHm ? 

'ir Idrmr mi poffc. i.Quii LibeiuiB atbitriBOi 
^ eftiadiffofTBsad plucct opcrationea, & ad 

51iiffcsc«i|6rnm exteriorum oecurfiit, ex ^uibus 
ifer& cmtatioiiet faboriri poiToiit, aUxcf> 
ficoeet V oJfB iftclBcaccs. Meauii oatcm i(%«m 
fium i a diffe ce tt ti— per CcipUini detecmiiifxCt 
Mec cl%ccc,' ac fibi providere occiirfuacai&&- 
som 1 1 ^oibBi pcoveDiant cogitatioaea coa* 
groB, potiiu i|uain incongritz«^cuin ncque prsf- 
cius fithofno CTcatuum fub nnaquaquc fururo- 
rufn ,atnuc ut cfrctpixfcius^non polTifc cledione 
ful przvcniiecauus ipHus eied^oni&. £rgo a4 
0'jRuiiin Dci fpc€Ut laUm, ux ufiis.Wv^^ut ^\o^i. 



a aclnm honcl^tiiiv tliccix, Mbfqtt^ ik- 
£:rid oije' poiCiujx D^r. H^nc rr l^.cjric 

^*tfMj mt iftl ortitT^titfi ^ ^inf4*p»rtt dHf^ 
■ j vei dtkthi i ^.'fl *f r tf T rmi * f ^Hm tr^t nti 

Hb 5^<f JK T Cft4r'ia D ti , js ©i? »/ ^,-m w^Jfrw j i> i* * 

i^4ij ^ii j i t f^rn rif ^ f «<'// dFlftftt . dtftr 
umHm j mtpfirt nAii& mgJj ^tf'!?^ fttr^tt- 
» rr^ , j« 94 tfif m H mttiv ^i t/iai r. v i/o r tJ - 
Ui^ientO tjLUniUr candtTn in rrijt Att- 
-dncord^GrSt.SJifb^arbiuEiiyvTKom, 
,a*i.I^ q,i4. d' Vriir.a.iH .?attE aytcm 
iitcaium cpdnn uiotio ^ & ^qiialtv^, 

I £ V c J u p c:n a i u ral i i fti,i i fi v c p a t ^'ff , 
4^, Kalljjin j^iiurpro*fiisDpu? bf nuin 
li^itiTqhv GrsiJa Dci j^crCbrilltim ra. 
ii\, i^uam Aij|u[tJnusi ontra Pdb;;;i[ij^ 

NciojfC3(^tascii.*iira jpfuni ffac argir- 
iiur\ mni loc. CJt. 1 um jlibirjye. 

oquod j^crirtHm a t>crf, uic*jnTertat 
i Uidcttibl^i. Fitfein . pcfft»'janrtam\ 
ij foucllidit Augtitlifius j Pc quErfe.ii 
ij*ji«r ac ^oufidejiiiftinic aivtifus Pc- 
f4 Gf^Eu^i iici'jd'pcrtinci*, ntf !i* 
»1^n jlja^^ri rolTc, tjt:ia titdicirE* 

i^ c Gji rT;j5J3Vji* c^tj^rUtKii cik rr^ nav 



turtlemi adquodUbcLopusboQUHi , cc|qa|||f- 
xale , ctiaoi f^ciLliiouin , ciie i^Dtieam liiaieBip 
Ontionis. Quin<lf>|t]idexn efb conferiJbUiZfc 

dkdti9 qvLxih X* 

;. ."dveiaat Dci Cfirum rprfbt quodliWt 
bonuniooi\rum} dequoiam iizDtto rpecialctif- 
ii G iatias age rc t cueitiur , drftinfti* a gTatlAiBtt 
a^ionedcbit^ ubbeneficium^Ecicioiiif.. Qii<kL 
itidein principiutn e ^ U< querhtiS^mmn A tzgi^* 
noidvciiu» F^Ugiunii utca^.^is- de Fmdet. 
San^.iSc Epiil. ^07, loQ^eaute mediiLfn ^ Mkoir 
leilum autcmcfl, ccneri ujigincjueinque bfnc 
qperantemad fpccialcm cjurmadi Graiiaruma* 
dioncm, pro :^o bona opcic > & congruicatc 
cogitatiQuis adilhid^ Eigo <]uodltbei bonum 
o^us, cujurcumque coaduionisfitt fpc^l ad 
veratnDciCiatianx» Jicch^bciipoccftlLaf reii 
GratiaOci. 

4.. Niiiilnotiuj cflapud AuguJliQuiii , Qtl!* 
quet pixrertxm ex lib. de doao pciitfvcnnt. 
quam Pcrreverantiam finaleminacceprajaftitU 
ciredomumGxatizDci« & neminicontlngerc 
pofTc abfquc (peciali 5c vcriffimi GracU pcs 
Chriftum^quodcftctiamcxfide» utdiceciirin 
ioco. Poirecautemcontingere finctera Gratit. 
pcrChci^um, ilpoircc abrqace^dpm.fieriali 
<quod|>onum opu* moralc* Quia per^tiodnt 
bonum opusmorale, ^oteft in atiqua circain- 
lUncia.vitaripcccatum , quod ii committcretqrt 
coilerct pcrrevcfantiam finalcmin Grati^, Con- 
cingereenimpoteft homincm moil nonoccur- 
icnte occarioneinillaulcimapciiodo,ni{iopc- 
ris moralis facilUmi 5c unici , quodirede , vel 
^A<iUc^c iinpcdiacui j^e€Ciicuai4 £xgo nullum 



ritario congcua eft ita neceflkcia ad ^.'..p^ 

pus bonnm , ut rcpagnet Ulad ■bfqtte ; ^jf . 

tioni mandari » flecamcR negariilla^ . ;v 

1» quandocunqatt & cuicDmqueli- 
iquidem poteft unumqoen^ue coa- • i 

rolibitovclin his circumfttntiis« in . 
p(aeftoperatorusbene; Tcliniis, in ^ 

ipfa cil prccaturus:.Atqne ideo eft 
:iali«s , abfoluti diftiafU \ dono Crea* 
coI!oceruc in priocibns circumiian- ^. •! 

tlaturcogirationemcongruam. Qpod 
tum prou-quitur fusc yafquez tom*t. 
ut j^p.c^ii.Sc difp./po.c, /2. 
s de fa6fcoprxvenit per Gcatic ruper. ( 

Luxilia omnes canatus honeftos Ni^ 
quotiesprodituraforetinfolosa^tis , 
sralcs ; fi dcftitucretur gratia « pro^- 
aAusfupernaturales. Nerapenos^di- 
icqoaq^ttlm pofTumns inter aftus Sc 
turatia. acniDcrnaturalia*. id^oooe 



! 



& incattabllem ftffiiientiam ipii-.>s Oritic|Ti. 
^(le indc pcovcnicnteiu inrcpaubilitatcm aMi 
boni natucaUs \ iupccuaturali. Q,uatia i.ni^ 
multa moUtoxLP. Kipalda.tom./. dc c'4^ ^B|«n. 

f. XApoencmpeccati Ori^inalis dcbctn^li- 
■itai ttscatic omnis cogi ta ti on is congruatiiidc^ 
^BcDcuipoCcft, ccdcbec clig;:xc0obisiii.pA- 
Bampcccacico^itaiionesincoagcttts, proM» 
Aibiu &.fiagaIisopouunitatibus opectndi.Sm 
£dcd<j^c pro przrenci ftatu cogitatitonem tp 
^ttc/fMBoagcuam; cum ()j^ dc Za^o opereoipx 
ben^ ca.crit Gracii fpecialis diftin^ ikdeiao 
Cccacioai«#. aquautque diitin^ proctlldnbio 
cftqiulibeircmiilio poenae debicse pco peccato. 
C^od &oaiLulii. modeini Audorcs ^romovexc 
ftonantUit iis cciUtDaniis, qu« inknoata liim 
4|B«ft^7, ncgantta. libectaieuiac iufficiearxaoi 
Atbicriipticrcrquama^d pcccindum » ii noaio- 
. Aovetur graci^Dci ad ozxmi<:s &tinguIos aftus pei 
{Bomcnia pex acomos. ErgoNatura lapfa cfl 
iiapoccas ialccm moialicer ad omne . C< quodli* 
. bctopusbonuu» ecum naturalc» ct:am n.iji* 
. 4l^ttm ac fticillimum abfquc adiutoiio Gr^ :is» 

&. DuQ funt ccrta< Alfcxum eft, Nataiani 
lapfam habcte abfque 6i»tia XttilScientiam &f^ 
^licirer antcccdcatcsi» {altep:Hi>b)'I»ca'm, ad 
•f exabbnamoialia. Qaja ?(t (Uincicns , laljcm 
~»hyii<c , ad pcccanduiai tAuiejfi aulla.eapax|e 
lAuspxirai pxavcaiaiux Graci^ Dei. Sudicien* 
ciaiatttemadpcccandum iDcluditiQ fe fu^cieo* 
ik^ , laltcm phyucam ad vitandum peccatii^, 
4|uod4ionaifi pcradbim boQam-totalitci vitc^i 
^iBA!i.otii^CLea ^uaft. a. Altcxum cft;: Ad 
firp47/>cropasboaHn«(rc M%^(&aiam«uciiii- 



£ 



^m in Ticam ctecoam depcadtt delate 
riria Chtifti, ntidicetur ia qncft. deXncai- 
rc icennmcoarcqnencercftaliqnan G»- 
quzaliqno|Bodo6t act Cfaxiltnm , tfft 
'aiiamde&ftoftdquodhbctopuf bonufl^ 
3mquc|radusflr|»pr#-&ionii tic. 
icroTcriiaigiiux tolum ^pcrcftdcflecc^ 
Sratiz fupcrnatunilis qtto»d rub.t30tianB» 
iconvcniteilcGraciam pcr cJifiitumio- 
cSepcrre; Dicendum vrrb cft . NMuram 
poRc, atqucdcfaAo clicerc aliquosa* 
•nosmoralcsabtquc eiufmodi G^aii: poc 
im. Probctur #. ei Augult. c. t7.de Spirit. 
1. ub» ilc ait ; $»4ufdm fmmmfiiU ( ■- 1 hni- 
Opcnnthim iine 6rJtia) vaihpmHi» vri 
r , ^Hs/ieumdmm iufhtm rtg»tm m§m fafmm vr. 
t n»n fjfmmm, Jid Mism wHrtt» , tt&e^t 
m, Mequc ohftac. quiapocia» juTat ad» 
va, qn&m immcdiat^ rubiu-igit. ^mim- 
MjhmtuitUT tim9 fitnfiAnt . vm mvtnunimr.^ms 



ftliorttflUv^^tqae piopterea Cufptnfu^ • 

£!^usre&rttt49raiii,.qaziiiter|icit, qsi 

. .4-.| teUifentiam tefiimaoiiApoftolici , do 4 

.%.J agits tamcn «i.^usmodo commemox^t 

'^mS intecjicic exmenupropru ^AffinMcain 

atliqnec ex cDnKvv» ac«pnmm^iaM«ci 

4e<*tftc,.&»«up;».i. 
R Idem coiiigicuc eificcqMVtifleftdai 

Aiai. I.i4. cdntfajuli«i(. c. «. Lib- Ae>oiu 

«■ing. c->. Xib. 1. dcMapc* <.* 1« Xi<h"4«P 
JoiLfiibfiii^eiftlibiy •dmiiteai^oaibti 
conjugii,. aci:jii»ttriiiiinepee^l»«,^£n 
. lutari » de qut agitcoDtiaFek({ha4>$iUii 
at^ non Bpith i»io. ubieffixfl»ei«*^f#fittn« 
f olatmonisGcntitie^ .licet im^tilemad &i 
Jiqneibm ttmen futiTe. Idem cfletit ijb. 
tieat. c. 19. de 9atien|i4Sciii£iBiti/eimiil 
fexeatis ne C4ciftum abnegtf f t,,Accedi(>i 
iti|j|U| Jiypp^no^ici , quicAtotns Aufiiftioianui 

'. ^fjll AagatUaMS ipfenoaeft» Ltb.|. 4abinit.d 

um»r% 9Lity^Lib^mm^Utri»mt0mt^km k§i 
hJ/^ntU^miudk fi m m r4ti§nu j «m, ^pisfit uUmMm 
wi,Dem»firiim4m ( i de ft £1 1 acaxia ) fim Dmt 
V» » Mmt €9rtt fif^gtrt. ^td tsmUtmim ^tribm «i 
fimit»'tJimk9nmM\^it^m^i% hmy t bt ^».^ 
mt^mtmtritnntmHi^, . 

Idem pratcfea fa<d»tHtfatieae--Taaft 
oiinimam » eAezaatttr4reii«ftpeta#l«ti(i» 
bonum honeftum ; Matdque vis ipfi^s bo, 
aefti 5 quantttseftimpecu» Appetitos recUii 
^^^1 bQnamde}eftabile«6cquaataeftvis«i4irde 

iifiy aidcleAabilis.Dequavidctatdubiufim: 

r%l f^^ * obrexvafoioiaitocxceiSa bonorua 

ft9ponitxaiti«pxa,«is-> quibasallicicappc 
JB^pcar^tfaMigfi^cticusftiUUifft o8;.'taAti] 



m 



i 



kBMtaaa* •!<«•<« !• wviHtll 



indo eliciataliquaopen honcAtfiu j^^ 

vnm bonihonefti. Hue xcfpexit Aa« 7 9'>t 

e. zt. deSpir. 6(Iit. antemed. dam . '.; ^ 

entmn§n tmfediftfit M Vtti MtemM itffFmm . "« 

'Mts vtnUliM i fint qtukm hM€ vitM nen 4»^ 
tdfiUtttetmmtemstfi nthi/fr0/kntJmpi0s/i-' * : 

trSy.Jint^mikna diffdttimi vttm tttjmJLthet ,•'• 

mia tnvwnttur. Non autem ufque ade6 ^ 

.▼enitarabfoue operclatutari , cum 4 .. •-. 

ipernatunilibus animum faciU aTCf* 
les,vel uniTexfali, ae habiiualiom- 
im negleftu, pxopterarduitatem ip- . « 

1 pxoptcx deleftationem rpeciaUm u* -li. ^ 

ue motivi connatnrahs. NequcTex^ { 

, nomincl>onorum opexuiniatelligx . 
.no«. folas aftiones cxtexiores , quan- 
fc bonas. Quia iilacontxaponit pecca* v 

busjufti, quccertitaliadicuntaxxc- / 

jmintcrnum peccamtnoruHi« Sccum * 



■ 



112. ^- ■ ■ Su^i^ XI, . .• ^ . 

§VL$\cndx xtttnx (iauiuaiiems , IScAtitndiBU 
procuraudx/ &c. Iierum ed . ^luccrs cirei- 
i^ioncs c;ktcxuas , qviaium iecuii(iuia i'c fupciad 
ditHculr&t^ . nulia , aui vi:i uJla fupeiui iMi;(i 
4idi.calcas in Ck< cutionc csxum cx m«uvof*j|j|- 
fio. Ncc dubiucc AuQoccs icon^i/iria ien'tc«ici& 
qttin pluccsadionescxicraz cx/eSona: fintfo}- 
iibiles , j5c iuot d'e fado ^ ^atvfca jLap>l. Tcr 
.tiBiu ei^ rxpe Cj^Qtiiiffece ut qux xcddunt .valu 
diiViCfl^in^iqueni.ftfuu) honcilom • cademiU" 
4t:t^ciLem ccddant aliuin ^Gauxi lio9eftumi'|k 
ou« veUcincnccc iaipslluiK «d ptco^ii^liM^^ 
daiit facilicatem ad a&um ~iibexaUta.tii i S^ojii 
audacia.n fovcnt, atquc Temccitatcm. cii£nk 
JOf (udini facilem viam fternanr^ £fi iraquc in^ 
ftoiiibile, ucdumeilhoiiioin0acuTiatoris, fk 
i^iiipex , ,aut ctiam.plecumque coiifti^utiif lA 
mpotcntiamorali •mnium fimuladiiumlibi^i^- 
iioruiTi. v^od (i niiicuiqtie ineil aliquot^d 
mcNttiis pottncia bcne opcrandi cji natuxarf^ 
atque independentex a vera Gxacif Dei per Ghn- 
fium} coniequenscd, ucaliqnisalioiuadoaM- 
^uod boixum opus morale ettciatabiquecadcoi 
Grati&, uri conciudicur ex didisquxft. i.-Pc^ 
t9^ ipcurNatural^placIicere aliquemi aftaip 
MOfalcm bonum«. (aitcm faciliimttov, atllqiic 
auxilioGracixpcrChJciilamiliBplicitcr, m pc/ 
fccalis. ^ j 

Ad I. 2. )-6c4. Exrationecommunzqnalif 
cunqufiiudiTercntic ad vacios occucrus cauia^ 
zuin» Acxvcotus inde provcnientes iiiccr.cdi^ 
parcs. Ofaconis, gcatiaru;» a&ionis, pcr-fcTer 




; j^ofiuvc 



Eidem bonapofltintefle materii Oa« J "^' 

le coBfeqttenrei GT4tianaixi aAionisj fjj^ 

endeat cx liber^ divinae Providcatsc 'iM'- 

ione (liieatis nBumguemqne pro lablto ' 'ff 

illlf caurarum aaturaliuin Pi-curdbusc, ' ^ 

D Tcl bonorum , ? el malorum , plurittm. ' ' 

:iorum, niajorum, vflminorum. lam 
rnntiafinaliscontingere foteil prrobi- >. 

tamenrtaraimmefiiatc > conrecuratn ad 
fu:iificationis« non minu«i quiim pcr Vt 

Dauronaturalem , necAonpcrafldin Jn* ' '. 

tcminindividuo>inrentcnii1kil!utnad- ' 

c>utadinirtitVarquc£.Ponctcnimaclut 
cnsiinpedircfahcmindirefte peccatum 
inultiiiioxnftantivitx ; &tatncnnequc j^ • 

s, nequc iHa bonaab ullo Thrologo ■» 

usGrariaperChriftuin^qualisab Auga- \ . 

rendebatnrcoBtra Pelagiuin', diitncon- -' 

m premere t quat lot illa Atgumfnta. 
;ituract^eaaddu€untnr contra prA^ien. ( 



f; 



t It4 M£*f*« -^- 

. quo nrgabat unmediauTn , & immedJi 
• lamFrovidentiann Dei in rrrumgubero 
. ^ inaaUai c V cxb oa m , ^ «« mifiretu r ; \ttjm i 
^f^fmymk in^»Mfi tiuppfdiranio fjyt if|. 
5-JMti\Ali> Qye i^(upeciiaeuni]i,:cVi?nff 
:t* lioo eip congruam } & cui.»' viri t '*^$k dc 

- traheodoj utcolIigitnrintexaliaexProQ 
|,7. &)5> conciaGolIatorem, nec non c 

Ton, ip Epil- ad Ccefiphoot. pag.-^pudii 
. Jib. I* dial.adu.Pelag.. Aiteni i Profpei,' 
. cv^^nteniia Pc^agii ejp uhtmpjft&ft^rtm 
tMB^rvrum, IS^t Hicronym'. euiideaa cx (et 
. ej ii( J em d^rmitare in oferthui ntfrk x ddtMjVtn 
)$r'jitrUfatjtMe, Idcm colligitur ex Orofi 
lentc ia Apologii de Libero Arbkrio , 

- juxta errorem Pelagii , cuftodire tsntum Na 
f/t^mfemelliene dtjpofmt^ & ElemeHtdrA cmrj 
fMutit « utdefMctreJJtJtftgti^ ScilicctjGac nc 
bcrutc , & ele&ione circa Hngula uhi< 
Proj>itia . vel adveifa Altcraerror erat, 
praciffuus , ut liqucc ex-omnibus -Au^ 
Z,lbris concra Pelagium , U cx locisinfra i 
ti.nproducendis ; Opeca ^atucatia noa e 

J^ra vigorcm Haturs , &Liberum Atbitriu 
blif iublldiumluffuitum^ qu« cmanaat e 
its.feniibiUbui, (u£ccxc ad cxccutionco 
tum. 

Priofcm crroremconviacunt maaircfti 
taor illa argumenu Auguftioi fub iit Cet 
Itenecalibiu , fub quibus objiciuniur l Val 
flc.quoad haoc.partem , egregiam ipfc oj 
prcftatadvexrttscxroxem Pcl^gii locit citat 
f endo qu^m diligentimmc Aiguokcnt^ ill 
gtiftini. Coetexum fccundura eixorem , e 
ArgumeMUCup cidexa geiiec4ittu %.Ut^ 



» . At' cbictxmqttc 'riiarerix accdkn o- i^.ii 

ifl (cfflpcr vi concfodant ratfonem> ;K{H 

re 'Gratic. Qula enlm anurtfnirquc ^ |l ^ 

dilferens ex fe adoccurfum ciiifa- .^*« 

am inducerepul hhrudinem ; ho- ; i 
I, inf^^niiim , ranirarrm , vrl drft- 
ftionibuscontrariot; rec^^conclo- 

re^ionesperrinereadGratiafrDei, '^ 
.fque Individui decerminati. Rur- 

Ixs eft indifterentia ad caufas in- ^ 
itarionis naturaliscongrux, &' inr 
: (ic de quohbet aiio bono , ad quod 
i indifi^ercntiain caufis. Eadcmra- 

iisquoqueconcluditur idem prot* !• 

inr iOxationei qux^ro divrrdtate . '\ * 

qux, Scquopetitur, diTerfain fi- J 

ticm Gratizconcludit.idqueipfum '• ' 

Tia^«onicomn:ane. /l. 
kugulUnum , quando Gtatiam fala. 

[emque inrrinfece fupernituralem ^ 

oluit . adiunxifTe rermini.^iltis uni- •• 



Aat Orattoti^m agnorcciiEcm humitkcf dthll 
jEiteiftvtiiym, &piopfiuna impatcnciaai aati 
M^d t nt em : V-ti*f tta^/*w L UffrMm ^.A^mmm «4 *f 
fA 4dii4 I jf ^vjmfjiii sdjtivfftir j ^modjlf immihi 
^iltnj* 1 ^ fseitnJa^ Ntt^ tnim tmaii ^ «h vf ipiI 

g# ftti^i ^ «^«ftri«ni 6r^i4 ptfirrf Msvtrimu 
M^gn Otitio prabiQi ncccfiiE«icni C^raTi;ea4 « 
f cea ilutiru , non cliiiua niiitur roliitnpom 
lic cpnfeqtifnti * & Eiuont communi dcpcndci 
tixa pfoviJentJaDci.: red<iut;Cibvcii(t 4^ki\ 
^l ti vi cl U nn , 9tm po ten t i iC a a c t« cd c nu i a d«^ 
f)iiC ptrGntun diAtnAtm a 4«termiuaeiot 
C^ufjc.Li^n niEur^ftuuv fx (ciiidiff^cicmiuifi , ] 
CC^ni^num \n p-jtcniii Dct, qiiaC(?nm€vcc4i;t 
rivun ffcxigcnuam , ctum vagaiu cirut^i.^l 
iiaruraliuin caurarum. 

De Gratiaruui aftioiic nihil opuseft fcorfirj 
^tijicctt^ jcum mauif<:ftutn iic eatidem cfTe ril 
.ciOQJemdeip^» atquedeOra^cioqe. CircaFci 
'fevexantiam £nalem hoc-certi)m eft, non pM 
.pceua prjtdjcari ncceflariam Graci^m Cpecij 
'iem« fic ^fdoao CieatioiiisabfblHr^.criQic^^ 
proiJlLusieoarecutione: Quiaomnist£tio« qm 
-tiirquecveAtusimpedieai lucerpoficionein pec 
.catipoftiuftificacioaem, &.aatemortem , efte 
jufmodi Gsatia rpecialis, ini iGratii fpecijif 
i^eftciideifs.» dreoriakn, ^ (<;cuiidi,ui) O^ grzcif 



— - — '-— wr * - --.— ~-^^ •• 

: H« i4 mtafkmf m ntitrtffimmi emm ' • S : 

cm CAfibuB cadem «ft arcclfitai •' f ^ 

ktif «d pcricvcniiffuim iiaalcffl* * 

;m, fcu utfaquc liabec caiidcA . '■ I 

arif. Qoa de cauia Conciliuffl 
proinifcue dc utiaquc dcfinivic 
„ Si fmm dixtrit JmjitficMfMm , ^tijtnt 
OtiyinmettpTmjmfittiMftrftvtrMTtftJpi [• 

•fft , %Andthtmtmfit, V^odaccipkn- . t 

crrcvcxanciaiaiionaiiAcUbciapci •' 

orisintciTallumcum inccrvcntio- ' 

\m comMmnitcr occurrcBtium in ^ 

nonvciodeilloaliopriori pcifc- .\. 

tti liquetez Aug. c. U, dcbooo 1 

iit, ^mAmaveritAtt Jit ml*tnmm nt^m- « '« 

•fftPtrftvtrMntiMmmf^mtinJinemytmm \ 

tiU utlmertt ifft dtt fintm i ^memfidnt 
lUpfmmt fnett htminem ftrftvtrMrt tn 
iodpcrfcvcianciahnalisin Gratia ^ . 



l 



Chdl-om ref^eAucu)ufl[i!»etindt^Mil<lmttat ' 
Batiumpci,' at initSopofitumeft^, (c<iif4^tM * 
folirr conteon^tefbOnif^ffAieiiMJnmvttel 

ftti nit^iraf.*^CbaTU^«)iittk8fllliftok««fe»fM 

qdt^aibet»ftdrQtufait« y ^nkt^{Gtfet|«Mlta»^ 
aatts non Mttm non: ekifieBt ; Tettkdi «HMb** 
: kdmoeriti^nt^ ^deh^tfofficlfn» aff«ilo«inn« ' 

ni&fif k A u^o^UM^f.^i. de bbt/eiiltlK' c.7K/fftir 
^;i/Ai (-^bzliiieit^iAlhVaifiO^vMiMlte^ 
#«freyrX«^iFl»rnrifi!riM/'v ^toifMll|(vilniMi '-DMi .tmmn 
iHeffmbkrfuMhunU ereAdntr mfltHdM ; iMw /8iiMf»'> 
ioiqmtfttnftmf^uffintt^etfinfifms fidftiimjfrfii^- 
tffitm , ^r JPiirfcinmimM y^bMn 4iimrjrr«/ «rdMriil. VU ^ 
patctnoh-tbliim cominendftri 'OCtfntfaut-tilcvi^' 
Tc)Kal6Yti'caif!^iirunit & iCireunififeUtifehiAMkir? 
fcr:-nrium ad congroitatem^ogtMtioni«-i0ffifl^T 
fet^natu^lTi-, Ted ctiam^ enthacein -in&m nla»^ 
'Screcrcfxilluftracionis inreriotis.- CdMqtteBi': 
ter ad harc c. ^ de pf:rdeft".'Sariabr.ad mea:^^^ 
altat Gratfam (alurarem fupra fenrum miniftc-^ 
liorum ysfd^ remotatffAitJf-ftnfi^tuhMc Sth^tg^if^ 
^»4 fMtn dmdiftfT , & dteet mt «f mMiM» md Fil»mm* 
Idem doc«t itiagAiflc? 61 c4!ccam Epift. rof &s 
ante med.'Co(rroiiiit -Furlgcnt. dc i«ieatfn.'4|B 
Grat. £ne» Frmffra i inquit i' fhmt diwnm tmwfm»'* 
rthmmmrtbHrfennf. ntfi DtmfimfUidrmmn^e mm d0ti t i 't 
• ttttfrrerej kotnina Aferhtt, PaterTCrd co^itationvA»* 
cntitatiT^naruraiem; (ivecongraa , iiveincoa*'- 
gruafit, non elTc valde remotam k fenfibni, ; 
ncc rerpeftu totvtn^mhAm , feemtmmmr, drci poiTci 
4i/r ^iririuik mtttmikftmkt^d^^ykm^ii^ff^e Mt mm^ ^ 



' coiit^us (alurares. Cc rmm auieiii cft \ i^ 

ii/es tdcm Piovidcn.tix gcaus' quoad .ji 

atuiiTe > nec difrarrm in 1. c o confiit^if- ' • \ 

atein pro extcrioiibus oppoiruJiiiatibus 

Qntscougiusadi.nitiunifidcri, &adtjns ' . ' * 

tnm. Ergonondc ca rolum Gia'i^?|i(^ 

left cumFcIagio, quaBcooiiflit inprx* a 

» &libei^eliaionecorgruitatis. Vnde / 

»illa, cum habcat fpccicm plus jnfto ^ 

xdantis ncceintatim Gratizpcr Chri- *. 

reipsa pugnat advexfus veram Chrifti 

, xtik ralutaicm , &c rufficientcm ad opus 

ium vitjrzrernzi tdebque conceditux 

atnxn , negata tamcn falsa > qua laborat* i 

ione- ; 

ii. £aobjcftioiionmagis adftruitnccer- 

^Gratiz )uzta mcntcm Condliorum & / 

contiaFc'agiun'. (^ia Coniilia fcFat* 

liunt , idcb dari Gratiam a Deo , quia eft 



Ja. &ideb efrcncceirariam,Quiaopcra "r 



reltfiJTWlIIktti, r^ff^cililittit Jitani|iie^er 
^Eui[urt f{^dmig;^^cxclLjditUff dcbilksi ffi 

dl Ja lun i ^uxlt. i j , Ho^ crgr» a tt i ngit d l>«y 
!i t (cop u ffl c©n i X tt wtrdx , ( ux ta f rf nc lpi> I c^ 
mAiie GfatJ». FalfLini picterfi cti valUDti 
p«ffflt4rn ftEniiUaue^cc3gn»Hottc ntnfTmH 
iJUIl<Ari4lD« ii}pcriii;uuli * aonf Qlfe dU^CI 
re£ccli£crelibc£ciiiteradum , ficmoiif^m 
tuxate £c fuj^efnttttrak , dc qno ajibi dir 

plhij intiav«tiim «ic rarione ^ccc^ti <, t^ti 

fuiScicniiam bca« o|»crAndt; ic proJnde < 
fre^UCAter in <]iio]ibrc hoiniirc, non otti 
pf<cato, fntficicntiajninowlcrfrbcnf oprra 
jthCq]ic Qiitii dii^inda 1 dotiQ Creauotili^C 
Oar«iir«in txq. /Jndecouieqiir necciraiioi 
ilftntiimcoHgfDxcogiUtioni^ ajrqnjnifo, i 
li^uo boiaiac- brgA iticonicf]Uaiter dieii 
coogfuam cogitltionciH effc GEatj^ttfkditHa^ 
adono Cifarioniicx iWpnGtionc peccatt 
fpc^n totiui tii>tiimuiTi CoTfi^Aionif, dcii 
T>*m. non pi>r< A in p^^nam ptccaH elt^eFr i^ 
lii inefficaft? ^tom ine^Hcicia i irxutinren 
JIKfHcdciam iprotum I rcrpc^tucuiuifaluic}| 
mlfli?efeh*bere potcfl^ ut dtcetor iii quicft 
DtbusdeDedj rtpNcando ctfettas riHr^cl^i 
t]bnis£<;>a<probationiJt. Dcn^iieNaiuri hj 
Itceramil^min pc|.nain pecorii ^arpftn4> 
a tnifencordia I ci cjuacrnui |ratio& refp? 
Ciiiui<|ue j rertncf lamen omniF^, qtiix p^hdi 
«it d crc E Lniaaia cjcigeii i ia a^fi rum uaToritTd 
incer qpx rcpcri^i va^f, faUem rtfpeiluajliai 
f-i^;n« crct^iraiJaiU» atiquit C9n|iaaf » fiiadj 




a£diii ti «juvJliofieaa- idtm i:oA£rmat,c^uod 
tiiDfs Jcifti nacfcnffJ vicam xrterjtAm , nou 
pccf ea merca riiT < q e u Jla Uf^ q ua m Bbi da ^r 
tcario mcDQgiu:! v cuo) (}u4 iuciacactif pccci* 
I lerhalej Itc^i jxtt^tiihriam id ilt ^d cdn 'e rur 
icm pf^miv. Efgo nec peccattir merctuf »< 
Lep«ccirh utflellttiiiiur ,. ditia ell iti \ia,om* 
9gitMtionc coRzriia , iicct cncTCSTUf XE«rixitt 
kriationctn , ai qti«tn dtia^e cdnrequitur 
'itioomiiiscogitationjscotifrui:. 
idtd) quodiddttuf dt Niiati bp£a iftAl^^ 
iteei (c prEtcrquimad pcccanduin lc non 
uyetutr Gu^ii Oei per Chriftum ^ jimii^- 
uit qnit^, 7-^^i^ <luo fenfu accipiendcm Hu 
Ddotd diciturtb Au^o^ino , Ocaliii Sctl* 
ribus (kciit t sonpc Accipicndu^tii tfTe non 
inttifficicntia «d quodlibet opnt utcuinquc 
um r BctipcT» pfopfic maJici^pecc^mino^ 
iLtd de foJl infufiicientiiad opus r^Juurc fcii 
itOTtUBl vifionis Dei* Adic in conficjnano- 
i Jiujus difiin'^ioni»'agalc£ & tiriicp3tx «1? 
[uftiQOi tcf^lmontuin ejuft ex Libr« 4^con< 
lnUan. PcJig. c, %^ propefiacm^ Cumcnim 
htu cQcE fufianutin Jaudaadis i^uiburdam 
idclium opcribusj ^mctfti, rcponit Augufti- 
i, ^monUm fnittm cnttdit i •fcTmitt^dthHmytpt* 
etmm vtdentnr ktHs , «#« tAmim tps adfatmtem 
fttirfikfK, regmm^Ui perductr€ z Stito ntyiUttfl 
$m f»9ptinmm dictrty iUamvoittntattm i^onam , iU 
tfUi Unumfine Dei GratiAy ^ua datMrferuhnm 
taterem Dei , &. HammUm » neminifeffe cenferri, 
fuedfeium beme ^otefi , ad aternum Depdenumt 
mm^ue perduci,Etmox immediace fub^uiigic» 
ihilcutaic , an p tact c r JiJtc &n t ali*'iw)fl<i o.-i 



prra, ariarque Tirtvtct , quibus tiiliU ratK 
.•ucpeccati adjunfturo fit* quiaidnihil inti 
rat pra fcopo ciuscentc^vcxiU:; Ait cotoi : i 
.mdfMiiMk rmms , y»a jri imim mt n h^ mm » (Mi 
ftAfmkfitmlkt^ vtdttmtwr tsU WrMM vtrm^ 9idi 
:Htr9fff»i0»^y it fite mMt> ftaAftoetft t 4(m 
imjutmti ((bilicct ad fcoMim pcru«cr4uft 
ti*ait coqcra f ctagtaaos ; JU /cf# , f»M ■« 
^/3M.iwftt^JM»A>»aMa} iaaimiriimbomitfic ■ fi 
immcdiace ei^iioraattc » peido«fffite» Im ^ 
fHmC^harum. tgitMfoficiQilHAMacftMl 
fti, Ai ff^tufio ntc(>flitft(i« CMi «•ofcti^aci 
^m antcffc4(;atMOnti« fimp licitM 4l j^i 
fcc CliriAiim sd opt» bomi marctltftir ik 
miwimik, asi«ciiltmo« oilriteoiitiMccjoieMJ 
)m«tf€i^ni Aimoibni.coatcactum » accf«| 
>accirfcttccal0tts tc&tmoiiiis dc ia(iUiGi<H 
Kwufiop^P^awor^iitmo^ fcocaiidliun» 

" Q^,ii ^ s T r o xrr... 

xiiio Orxtrt fer C hriflmm 4t4 #*^ 

%r f dct(tr.fbf5or«e r. Qiua •WVrvaoicattJ 
V LcgasiioiocaJis co««CFaeitic*tia^iiiif4to i 
riribu» naftfM., abtque adHcrQfio fitpccnatc 
ii ; ■qi>and«i9«i«U«n nihil ilU AtpcioaMiraJai 
.«Oiirrncf. Ac^vitaa autfm , H victs purcmi 
ca4[j|0«io« deftioe nanintlarfir. Exgo nccdi 
iillXciedktiaadcocadiij^emnattiulcm* Ncc 
dkrjiiresaitat» iapfx edc mi&oics^u\«iC«t 



"Ceftiit, tdiJtHcm cltfteccfratiiip ^tiaci- 

tpcraituule, elUupcrcitiurilift. At G»- 
CliEiiltim pTdpfie flc limp^tcucr uUi , tSt 
cc^ fupcioatttrttii, ut diftucii cfl rupfa« 
^i Erga of^ictnntja toiiii^Lc^U ii«[i:r&- 
|uidem& ipl^iDjmriliicLt, pisAart^^^t- 
[«c Gr«ii«p«<Cliciiiiim pf^^fiCr &liiit* 

L jion p«JIIc picJliri ottrcevanua rotiv» 
Latai^JispccfoUi viieaiiiiucakj j &c<jiie 

uxiJia nipcrciatunlia na^po luiic inliite' 
tus nMi[xnltt . quibus coailituitutobKf- 
LtQis natuMlis. Auxilia «amqite iupex* 
iap ropoiiimc foia tiKHif a tii^pef Aaturaiiai, 
■ea4 loiosaftas rupcrMttvaics laoYcac 
afom i idQoque ad Calos illos coopcraxl 
duat. Abfurdujn aiiKcmaCl, l^cgcm na<i^ 
a praftartnoApofrc aliopa^^.i ptxlU4 
laruraiicerpotelh 

•teft Katura laptA fuperare gravi^nnias 
«c tentatioaes abfi|iieullo ^uxilio Qra- 
ernatucalis; Ali^s Jtcque lcvilliiuaip uU 
niafioncm fuperare pofHrt » XkiQ. pc^cve* 
Gtaiia DtipftChriftuBi. iicrin<mi:uni 
> ntquaadocumqueoccurctt tentatiolc^ 
xurierct tenmiogcaviiilma. Ac proin- 
aadetuGratiam :'pedat , quod nonadfit 
matentatio , ad (^uaiulpcaat^ ur eadena 
cw /i 4?//c/ jhTjr/cas, CoaJiiat nutcin cj| 



quxi^. pra^c^d. kU<]uam tenrationf m rofeHui' 
pofrcdncCrraciaCluifli; Qu>a conlUc iiDeJp& 
liei i poHc bbtiuni «put factliiiniiin» &^Yitanpcc- 
cacuniwatufaciilimumf &Aentttimficso«lii*. 
pcrata atiqua tefitatione in cootrarium. Qiiril< 
omnisTiftftslibfl^peccatum , Tapcctt -ali^WM 
adiilud inclinationero , quchabctracioaen»att»' 
cuiustbivtarionif. £rgo pote(^rupefati|(ia«i(i- 
ma eriamrmtaiio abCque gratU ChrilU i «tqM 
poreftts ad fuperan^asi^imnodi centationesacft 
poteftas ad obfervantiam totinsXegis, uCfOfc 
c]ux(bla vi ulieriorum tentationumrcddipotdk 
infuperabilis, &iniparviribusnacaraiibtts» . 

j.Itfcbquicft in Itatu peccati fcrfoiMiisnoft 
potdVdiupermancrcinilio iiatu ; quitiitafg«»: 
mentarurO. Thom. i. a. q. xo9.a. 8. cft habicoa-- 
JiteravcrfusaDeo* hoceft, habcc liabttnin le- 
liftumapeccato, petquemdifponitaf ciusaoi- 
mnsadcontemptumDei, & ad ample£^eii4aai 
boRaTem|rora]ia cum ja^tura cjafdcm. At pecca* 
ttym Origihalcnon induci cjurmbdi habitnma* 
veriionh ,• 5e converfionis s quianon fondatu 
in a^uclicrtoabipfopeccatore « «^nifoluspoP 
retinenm inducerehabitum taliteraveriiTttn» 
&convcrfivum.£rgorarioncCoIiuspeccaciOai- 
«^inalis, non reddicur hom» impotens ad ob« 
ll*rvantramcotiu8 Lcgis natnraltslongoccmpo^ 
re , ficutrationepeccatipcrronalis. 

R,Sencentia commnnis, (cvera Theologo» 
rnmcumD. Thoma, loco nupcrindicato» ctt» 
Naturam lapfam non polfe longetempore ferva* 
re torani lcf em naruralcm per folas vircsintntt* 
fecd narura!es, & abfque auzilio Oratic pet 
C/i///?um.Idem colligitur cx Trid.fefr.6.can.2a« 
tisinuntntc i ^{{i^caiumiV^c^utC^g^uVV^tuLiUo 



-^p.tndeFnim deducititf nsMiratiiiapl^facfic vaj- 
^c dcbiliorem , qu4m larec pnra; O^ttiCum 
nam<|ueAik)n omjiibtisL^ fin^itii^ ItoraiQibui, 
ihduftam c1fe«Iiqitaa> Ti^iun] dcbilifaiemina-' 
^ti primoj jnEequamiliquiii fcubcnep {citiQile 
o^cfa r«n tur : Atquc i^nc mo^j ote m, dcbiliciui^ 
t^atifmftn pf£ tom!» ^ii£ momJii dccurfum* 
Kx ttJc:au£em uniTfi.^^Ji aJigusJi Tjduoi diu^iJiu'- 
etone d eriuAtu r in Hngulos m^iciinA i\ uzda m dc- 
t^ilitaijo^ lade coim cojircquicur peru ^ pUiu 
^aliexcmpk, Atqae^etedora iSn^ulisocciiC'' 
lctcta ptrrc ^ott^fi^nim ; educatioiicm Litcctj-* 
ntri) prt PtfCntei efTcminui boQfltQ^ ConciJi^^ 
bi^iri j jn ic o ru m c Jfc 1 a n^oi dio la i e fTe m ir i ut^ i'- 
feacemilo&rtiiam Pailociiin - Scilc osinlaccErc- 
:3Ciferii:s impcnentii ad boiiUJii c^cp^rce l^ti- 
^ucrcj 5c tanTuindcrn TJg^cic I quA: pi'f(riLliunc' 
idpcccmdum^ i:jc iiaciuEcm caut^con^ccu di^ 
nihutionit~bonorum , tc augaicntt oiAiaium» 
remn non viKidt , quanWideiniimJcl (iiigttloftc- 
fufldctdeBilictsAdbbnura, &dccUviusiarua<- 
Dm; 5e quamlongo incetvialtociiftecutrinque' 
^tus Kaiurac fapfxl iUtu Natuxx p^ix. In (lat i 
utem Naturas purs non forent vixes tna|ofes> 
lu^m quccffeof omninbncceilarix adrupeian« 
iarsdifRcnftaresomntum maiimas cixca' I.egcin 
laturaleinplo c^dem ftatu. Kempe ut aliqMi^ 
iiperiit refpe^u finis anicutque xei pxaftiimt, 
on eftexrege Natutx ; fed ejt legeGiatix.Ergt| 
iresKaturxlapfse longe minores, quamfotcflt 
ratatx putx non fufRciunt ad fuperandaste^ta^ 
ionesgravi(fimas,maxime cnm renrarioneSi^P^ 



n€ Am/Rv Xlh 

portioite fint mt jorcs , ^uam forent in ftatu Ml^ 
titrzpurxi quA proportione vircr ad refiftci» 
(kim fuM «Biiiorci. Bftiifdeflt Mffque priati- 
pitspendec iit«fiia«ti»iffKrMin» lr«Hgtte«tu 
iitomni.G»!» tgirur i n d««iit»mt t«tiiM XtCfitM- 
tunNjt oifftmiitit, iieceire^lit » «t imiwiMi 
:f Mve» 4iiM«Mk tentftMoncs f McefHt Miil^ 
i^ttCiiitvcbr, «taiiqaMa4»il^9.cffd]|»|lfoll|^ 
xa Jt^ , wtc cvMimitre p«fl3t » afaiqiic «il| 
iMefrupt^we eaadtfH obTifcmiidani , fi^iMi 
4bbTeaiMift pct «df ar#Bi«m G«Mi« ^ttaBtm 

Medtohi iiQC dMkmiuAi fKii«fiH«AlM«£ 
^fatflitoteat fiq^M*di^tC!Mti«MCffMes,JMf 
MeHlimeA mt ••deai MCMttaar. <^{iif»im«H|| 
fMMiiaiteBettt^MUk&iiitcteai Nct«mU|^,«» 
T>>af ypM <wifut wnf otctfaad Qbfer¥a»tiiin «» 
tilK l^eit , itt iMti 1«^ ceoteiidac VaiqttCtJHil^ 
l««i c& diAtincii B«ce&Mtfia Ccttia , ^atil 
l*tcc-, fva*efif«vtc«tttioaea5 AiM «flMictl% 
^ftffimMMtisi eadcmote itiiofM «ain clfe M* 
ceilaritm. QtMwi pvofcftbvidcMMcontftdice^l 
DoariMiCiisiiHdtmitiMttcb.#« UbiAftuafik 
tiles. mdiliftie di^fenttsfe, lc^mre fit« 
txct , «ontCfAtntnr pofibilcs tncetcdeaMr , k 
confc^iiettcr Etitoicis , ctitm ,lc f uftfictaiss 
Ptftdicttitf mo maqatm effsAtaMiiit^Gsttis 
Eva«felic9, frlBttcicidcleftio itimieoHm, l^ 
iHiibojRtiBen eomptrtctotit^frffAiSp iblt«i| 
difcseiitfr^cicicicvictcntttionis itcomit* 
fiam. Imd o m tfilfctentitmtfiiofcit Atf ttftinttt 
ilc pctMione JoftiM ad tottitffl tttiocia. 9l 
Ctp. n.4c etytrept. it Cttt. dicent. Libccvat 
ilifbiMNMairfficflccesfttd mtlnms tdboniim 
4iUimpnmn fiJtrc; q«oA&WBk\UA ^^«^ ^* 



madrypfuinift»grav«i tiLtTarotiertrm* 
^dciilnfifmi , qLjjJctn ^ciiifsiO£>iiiii]^ n 
k. po<efi:«m ambubr^ c.-^iif^.Ti , fal^t^ 
temmttte, fcLG,ai!ii>jji-ilrh. Cii.yolo- 
i iJl4» riuJi j, %A Ztit. I* f 4fJb Dcu^ f »1 
«*«■ r if f -r l#fvlAr/ « |!^r j ti ^ f»fIf^itHa > I a *f r e 
f >E.rci!i^iuitebuhiiii.i ^qujtfeni noiT 
t, potcfiac^ rcihcert motahi lt5^eGf«l 
ulbidtimiiktrlbuit reiirttidaei 4n Ii4:dx<' 
Ie?e(| &in eai qu^ ftniiiiPU poffunC^'] 
4c lianiiJtit docet naa fici!% ?inci ^n«1f 
^ t^niem fciedo&xiaiai lubcr Cyullifi^ | 

iiip^fef floB EcftefTOonnciifrcf* ^itT 
ntittitm eir^ tili urm o ij di ctUnen a^ud' 
I nt tueitttr Aum 1U4 n nfj^rc^rfikm , k 
nc;^ Reeeintaceai Grtuc ^ute ei»Jiif ^^ 
iHa «oa mjimk id fbp :taaclasgrifei . Hc 
rnutioaes , q uaa td cficiciiia opcta W« 
lcqus minimaruiit. Cum . iicdicla Wri^ 
pccced. iiA ectam mod6 diceadnm fit.toj • 
Naturx Ia»rs rufficienciam aoa ioittmaa- 
Btcivi (ca etiam DOiinnmquam coiiic> 
:m ad fupeiandas tcntationcs Ictcs abi* 
«cia per Chridum fimplicitex* Scperfe 
.aniem tcxbal^rque e^icm» etiamaitce; 
em , nan adcITe ad (uperaadas ^tares. 
rcgravii&mas ; aiquca ieb ex h«c paite« 
npotentii reftc coaclndi xinpoceatijai 
m anccccdentca* ad totim le^.<:m. hi- 



I 



c&ncctiCitVoy quandocumque urget obligai!« 
icgis, ut liquec ex quzft. 2. 

A4 I. Continccur quidctn in adivicatc Na* 
tnscpon TitiAcx & dcbilicacc pcr pcccatoaiyaoa 
Tcco poift iniludam debilitatcm fti peccatoBa 
ut oftcnrum jam mjSt. Rationc^ nim cjns dcbill- 
tatis rcqttiricax Ciatia fttpcrfiaturalis » ut po* 
tfntia l^hjfica , qu« incft Natuia ctiam lapft* 
pcrvcBiat ad pocentiam moialcm : Ncin^e dif • 
fcrcntia majoris debiJitatisinNatnia lapuqnlm 
pura non indacit xcfpcdu lllins majofem ai* 
cumqucdifficttlcatcmo^exum Xegis s fed talciBi 
qux afqHcadimpocentiammoxalcm pertingar. 

JLd 1. Necelfitas compxincipii fupexnatural^ 
oua non fundacurin Natura clTeftuslccuadvuB 
lcs fed in eidem pracclsc, ttt comDaiatl cuih pis« 
icati diipoficioncagentisnacnialis, peracoiacas 
dabilittti, ncquaquam probat fupcrnatBxalita» 
tanv aatrinftcam in tali cffeftu $ pracienim cnm 
comprincipium fupcrnacurale cxigitux ad pofli» 
kilitatem moralem., & prafupponit potcatiaai 
fhjHcam in agcntenaturali. 

Ad f. Etiam£adjundis, &juTantibus com* 
f fiacipiis fttpernatucalibttS,non poflint fierl,nifi 
a^us (upexnacurales , non propterea requcretnx 
illa jttTarenonpoiTead obfervantiam Legisni» 
luiatissred folum juvare non pofTead obfcxTan- 
tiainpure nacuralemiUius. Deindefiexi Doteil^ 
at auxilia fufcrnacuralia juTenc ad ob(ervan« 
tiam ctiara naturalem ejufclcm Legis nacuralis» 
qnacenus proponendo moriva fupernatnratiai 
valfdifiim^ contradicentia txanigreinoni Legis» 
xeddunt difficilemtranfgrelfionem^ac pereoii-» 
fequcttt facilcm obfcrvaDtiam. Atque.ea leddicl 
J^m /i€lli,£Otc& ipfius c xccuxV^ivv va&Qtit Cc 'o. 



j citam m^ixlhtiM A^l\it^s Him.m\l% , tmvctfi; 

Adf. Cu[oc<:urrJtkviitenr3TiOi ijucnJnoii 
ccirrcri e gravis auc guvituinajCir G cjciajolnm 
CCIJ1X Ftutcclioais^jUEcomniuaucrdteitur, & 
;Gr4rUmrrinrcc^jmuuIij. AtctJiii occuuc- 
gr^ vi I) 1 m 1 i p (^ c c n ta ti o « rc^ ui ji tu « p ^ p o t c- 
[C cnorali cim rupeutjdi Gisti^ lorrjiifcccru^ 
Eittrur4ilf?f opciatis politive, &iioaTaEiium 
tnoT cnd o pTQhibcn b. Licei a utcui uuuit>q tietlA 
iccal^u^udp Jibeijtc Deas pOiHc ab occucru 
aviuni ccniat jotium \ fien timen cA aicufi i^ i 
tn pOEt^f^ 1 ut omjji^ 6c fcmpcr , aut ciiiiJl 
iu$ aliquU pcf longum tcm^ui iibiiietaf^. A- 
trmiouibLis^ <jti^ rripe^u Ha^vfx. bpi^v iV^ 
o dutn fc it nf giives , attt ^ %^¥^ x ^»7> jkr i o l il ni 
pfClat^r^Etz fu^acnJcurAiisrLilt lcvcs ^C/facM 
fupcrsbJIc?!. ^jarcei CruLJacJljIirQlucc iic^ 
irart:i3ildLuturn4[n L^gj^ n^iijmli^obrccvAn-; 
,ta , riiii^tfi ncccJTacJjnojT Ht j pso it(jjj;r4Jid[| 
QTai^onibus» qua: Tcrpcft^ c)^rd«i« Natuixie- 
sCiinr. • ^ '.*'■' • , .Iv evi::! 

Ad r. IIU mi>!piftbat optimi fuhiac^^iitCQ^ 
cctttopcribiiali ,^*ion poife pjcrfevctatc 4^p| 
fqucnovo pcceaso ,.fi ndareiipiCodt, :e«3ta(| 
vetur per auxr!ia<7rdinaTiajGjdtia iuxra illuf^ 
rcgoriihom. u. in Exech. poftmC^rf ^«'<^^"*fl^ 
9d mew pir p0Mitaitidm nen dtlttMTiY^t ponds/r ax^ 
i^dtrdhit. Co£tctumiddjt.npTtJtfficU\if,noflijij!t 
tcfft a^iam rat^oixenrimpocchtia: <QO/aUf JAi 
GkU pcr f< ceatuqi^G^iniic, ut j w p»ciiif> > r . > 



. -' '^3 ..^jj.i 



^-y- M^: 




QJI ^ S T r O XllL 

Vtrmm NafHra Lapjk fuffuAt sddrb* 

lAoHim Da naturaUm fMptr emtM* 

dbfqtic aaxiho GratiM prr ChriJiHmy 

Jklttn^mmM^nAd^SitcHUii^p-Avkl 

potentiaacrufhcicntu Haturxlipfzj atqucpn- 
rx., ^<^dI viflclLccr ct^&ttElapikNatti», l6luiB< 
rarione gtsTioiUTTi icDtactonunD irtueqriaui ia* 
rpram. NaturaauTempma fniSccfft^d^ik^io- 
Aem-pctrttfref ^TnftU, tir]iQt^ ^ux eSFtt oi4i« 
AaraadrlUm , t-iraquam «d fiarmfuutii* neci 
hslrerct impcdtinfTUacD i ^«in conrervaretvr 
^ura. -SrgoctlamMaiufm.Upra fa^cU ad eaa.. 
llein , djain kion tti|etBi f rari «Itqnat teatftfio» 
l»e. 

t. -Katat« kp& e^ fuStieufi fioe Grarkii- 
aliosaftusbcioicoi mocivi uniFer;«Iis, ijtiaiJa^ 
faHXfotovcf^ Ctvcdientiz tRelif Loiii*, & nmilia^ 
Jld-itl^a^riiwdimbti a^tii admJEtiiui rufficieos. 
KtftliraUpl^, fifTeGr«»a, cumuou adcttf ta" 
TisrenrttiCp abiiAom&ibus, aquibuj ada^itti- 
fnrrafliffefirUab^iieGraiiaadaliquodboiiuni 
#pui fnjC^rite faoilli mup ^ ^ minimuEt) » uta act* 
nillaeftqiislK pr^cd,^ £^g<> cri^m ^ft adinle* 
fenda rofKckniia eadeinmoialij llae Ga;ia ad- 
dile^^ionem DelnaturalemCupetomaia, faltem. 
£urnfionadcftgravi$teat3tio.Patft,conrequen- 
lia; Qui^Siiiiibcra^ttS jnotiYi uatTcrfalis efl 



Ei ilji^ficulutunii^Jyfriijs jjil^ao» , t,ao frcintc 
i€^i»Dtl i'u£i^tomnii. |i^^ QufiotjrcJipJEc 

clftcatftus ilJttn mevft & pi;tt»hir A^.fc U 

tc»di]l^cii]uiie&. Motitun] iiitcm dt'tdiiinii 
ei«&UiiiisiitfDbonuTti. £r£0 TolLimif f l int* 
Actiftm pf^trni^i iile&ionfjn Dci lurariTrm 

ksafi-i <}Ja<n ^ivpc^ nr ad uIlossMo' i^tn^ko- 
^«j fjt^oriiiti tftrx.KCii aliquof dt^u^J cft fi^fi 
»QV£ite G^is t3pernJ.;i!(aLE. tfl ter> ir^aei* 
Meai^ ct 1^x3111 adiiiitgr^ii Lmjtxiu^ljberdini^^ 
lliitci , utfot^^! ibi^i pi«fOfidttatri&w*tt^ 
1^2 i^floif z r r i bo ni [1 H i^ 
J)^. Dilc^l^^ Dji rupcr OLHnii con^inff in fc, 
7tei}i[cmnt)l^I<rj|i ob crv^ndL tQ.^iir, Lcf^Lh, 
UttialeiB^i^ciB > ii dii^^^o fit aaturalit -, ^r 
?>inarara!c<D ?ero , firupetnacunlif fit , McmV 
r^ileAfo »n<His fiirer aliud eil dir^ofltio an mi ' 
•cilefaticttitifluraispoflcrioxb^ncainittacil- 
idfriut. QMcni.n imar J^bAorem rupcrdiyi*- 
M* idvcMefttc neceiC^te t-teiutium «nnit- 
:««h a4«eroretenrd , ^icil: ^roiicir di^itiat» 
tcon^latliojiorjj ^^ doobUt Amicit, qut • 
rc altcffoditigiinf , prjTvalec fiuriKter , cunVfa- 
riijif^Mfaal «ritu, BiAc.I(»aA. if. dicltut: ti 

iout ptxCtnii c»14i^iA4ir pbXervanu^ ^l^^' 
m ''tAumf€tf^K$ icdwzQ^ futura. yXttU^t 



15* «Jr#jWjr//A, 

ctem tamen ratlo , eft 4c dileclione natQtalt ii 
ordineadIcgcmBaturai«m « qux eftdcfapetoa* I 
tttrati in ordine ad rupernacuralem. Vttaque 
CBim 'tfirPMt c§rin De§ 3 itaprtnuM^hn^ c0itfi^$Hm^ 
d§ • inimdU vitsnd» 06-00 fefirmri vtUt 5 u t JMbetU 
CS.D. T^om- X. : . quc(K 109. att. /. £t<ii(ciiiiiea 
cftfolia, qaod amoxoatuxalitotitot ex cog- 
aiuonepci, utaufborisaattttalts, conctpiMtc 
proindeipfum relat^ad ea, qu«nataialiter«c- 
curreteppirunt, tam congruentia ipli» qmkn 
cidem concxatia,; Vndc comc^uitur , ut diltffti» 
BACutalisfitmctcorin Deo, la ordine ad co»> 
temptum bonorumnaturalium , &ia otdineftd 
^perandasdifficttltatescontraria»^ qa« nattita^ 
litct occurrete poflant t diledio ytxb fupetBt' 
taralis ,etianin ordineadcarqucfiipctnataia- 
litcr poiTuntoccarrere. Caretum atracaein eo^ 
cbnfcnit, ut snaqusqaeinordincrHoconfot* 
tet hominem in ordine ad totam Lcgem fibi- 
cotrefpondcntcni. Quapropter id etiam uttiqac 
communccft. fuomodo, quod habetut apadi 
Apoliolam : CfhtritMtfat/ifu eft ktmi^ eft ^r.Qnod 
&ne de nulla alia virtute docemut : quia iciiicct^ 
foIaCharitaseft, quatTifulkinducetcpoteflte^ 
liquasomncsvirtutes, imperando carumadaf,- 
U. fuperaodo omnes dimcuHates contxatias.- 
Idcmqucprzilat dilcftio naturatis in ordinead' 
cccterasvitutcsnatuialcs, Sc di^caltates con- 
txariasnataralitct occutentes. Continet ergo* 
infe ledtio Dei naturaiis obfet?antiam tottiis 
Legisnatuxalisi nonquidcm» ut poilea non- 
pQ^t nihilominusdeficcteiqaia , atdiciturin.- 
I.E^k^^.Cftp. t* P9tifth9m0 fxframiditdtUu^ rstm* 
ni^dSoHid Mgirifrdter •rdin^m finit prdfunfti , ^a 

/" "^"^ - V^r 



H iti ut moiafiref iit |TOuns pcifefcrAtc. 
e iliqtio lapiu IttlnUi \ii corrvincit la^ 
^ilaciotiiSf qu£ iirdc Deo pci ^jui dilc* 
mi. Itaijue quj Ec diljgii Dcum i qnandov ' 
rcctiirrit u lla icn lacio g» vi s ia ^QnttAti ■* 
uttton htb<tt in aBiino difpotHJoiscai ad- 
rupf»ndam, tjuaQdocQtuque occuficriir 
lilt|if€btbiu[e Dfum fup «jromiiiat efiodi* 
Ciipct ca p qu7 in coDCT^iium tuuc ecctii^ 

iliga li-aminem reinpore fcljcita;i$j ii«»iiv 
itcitmamicabiiitef , il extttnc uimi ii^bev 
um aaii&aiD ex vi dikctioni ^ a ^ cAndem^ 
:ititcricu»^ndam , ingiucntcadvcrtiEatCj 
idtkif^io Dci rap^iomuja . ^vc ntii^i^Alis^^ 
lipfijjittjrilij, (^uanJocumfjtiCi ?tinqoi- 
imquc cifcuaifiaiiEiis conccpiai perreip' 
rfl ^oientia monlis ab obfcrvan ttaniiotiai ■< 
ij fire natma.lis', dvc rLin.!jrn3'ura'ist fo^ 
loue retvati, ito ut fundct f[cm ^rudcu» 
, ceiceoonpciiitusimprudencem> quali9« 
ipicur crrca ca » qax funt moralirct impolfi- 
, deprxiUhda totta lege, Scdeftiperandi»* 
ufvisdiificultacibasincontraiiUin, Di&uoi 
m eft quzft. pracced. obf<-ivaiaiam totius- 
snaturalis-, &vidoriam gtavium tentatio-»-; 
etfe moraliter impoiribriem-refj^eau Na« 
lapfzdefticutx Grati^fupernatuiali. ErgQ- 
mabfque eademeil moraiiter impoflibilis^ 
ftio Dci na^ucaUs fupcr omnfa , quz cft fca»' 
ia commucis TheologQrum cum D. Thomt . 
ft.illa/op.a,j.' 
d /. Tranfeat contingcre aHquando , ut . 

idtUtu Naturs lapfz iit zque bcnc difpo* 

1 Aiiimo , ^ C^rpoxc^ iflwiafccw ^ ^*"^: 



trtneci^Si iitqae focsc in ptira ^tart, quod 
tamen e^ldii^ciicex di^s quxft. 9» & quxil. 
pioxim« praeccd. Ncgandutn niliilominus eft 
in Namr^ Ups4 aoa lequtxt ptus dilc&ioBis » ad 
liocutabfoluredic<Turruper»iuBia« qu^a ic- 
^ifiitiMftiifrcc, Honmodoin itaktn Katmacia* 
rfgrx, vexuateciam tfl HMn Naturxpurr. .QtiiA- 
vlldecoiieepcttdilcAioats fuper •nBiafro^- 
rudo animi ad fuperaiidat omttcs difficuliftcet 
•otimdicentesrciaiTiasz, 6c««Huftiofii tffe- 
Stifz cum cadcm* DifHcultates aatcffl * qnm 
.pofTuiit ^cBifcre in ilata Natarc Japfjr^ uuit 
ibngemajorcs, c^am tpisc •ccutrcre pofltnt ia 
ftacu Nainrc velintcgta , velctiamFurx. Ergo 
diteA:ione«n Deioporccc e/Tc moltb ma|offaai, 
utahloiat-ciit d^iccli^/liiper omaaa c»»|Kanitio« 
nt ^tos Natttcs lapiSt i Er quidcm co gnda 
ezccflfct , i|«i tft moralitcr impofii^itis Matars^ 
h|fc, «tiam pro tnftaftti pxo ^ao Dulluiareft^ 
aut viz eft ttlium idipedimcatam tenta:ionai iiic 
li^arrezdtAis. \ 

Ad r. A^s aliacitoi victutum cencepti cs 
Aotrfo uaiveclaliifuoc iacompolibilcf cuoi 
epons pepcatolctliali^ i>oa ttmvcacoottaetKiai 
fciseteuario poteikxcmfnoialcm » & frompei- 
todhiem aotr-i Mivcc^oiem, ^ualcmcoorincc 
intedalcJHoDct rupcffomnia. HiEceaim. pzo- 
pter ptxdantiam iacompatabileoi fBimocivi , flc 
digBiutem (pccialrlGmam ejaldca) * hai»et %im 
^ecialtti^iaiom rolidandi ia boao , & reltfteait 
caiviscootradiftiooi , ^«amcaterx Tirtotraav- 
ouaquamhnbent, proptcr dobi4i:atcm faimo*- 
tiyi > <faK aM-zitaaeft , fi comparerut rum Deo^. . 
KntU sgttur eft conrcqucatia obje&iDais, coi* 
/l«r/eMJMM|&dit f . &if oidav , 

K4\. 



im acttiiiif ia Mdbie id tciD|ion!M.li 
lU Uqaet ex.dtAi&rnpeil&^lcaiicl «t* 
de dcbHltftfie M«t«i»lipfie« Uiid* 
indifliJRiaiii , exAil n&tnri, £tde- 
.falidifiiiBum Tcrb.» quod eft fiaturiL 
a,qiiodadYiiBpercribcfidi rolunu- 



dfuna Litpfa fafficiat m^rdKterr 
tnJU 0mHt^feccat4 VJftraisd^ 
vc cum auxiltu QrdimtriiS' 

Aflcefe I Qo^ia.foteniiainorarrsfi* 
wfim dngutapcccaia.^accefliTc , cftc 

Ar«1i« vir^htfli t-fiTam f Aram collc* 



115 ^xJtuXlV, 

px>C£ntii moralls vitaodi totam co1Ie£Vicn:m. 
collcilivc. Ncmpcqiiofuincxiiteinia CilcawCin, 
cll cciamcadem quxl.ibececrandcin pOi!ibiliras, 
^po:cutia , quod^tl e^idcniinimum.Ineftau- 
frcmNacurx I.apfspoccntia nioralisad vitaiida 
fingu^a feoifim pecc»^ veaiafia^rucccrtxve cum 
»uxiIiisordiaariis Gcacix: Ncrcjiira cftmajoC 
dilHcultuaftia vxcaciqtnc culuf^ue venialis feor- 
ilm, quamin vitaqone cujufquxi lcthaIis&or«' 
fiin.Ccrtumveroc^, ex(aepccit>c6 tclHrnbitiOj 
T<i^encini, poTcnioralitec vi(atlfin^ulafe6r«' 
(impcccaca lcchjliafircccinve cumauxiliisof^i-' 
nariisGracix ; qQandoquidem definicum ctt^' 
toram eorum collc^ioncni elTe moTalicer cvita- 
bilcm. Omoia i^itur 'pcjcata v^Diali^ coiicftive 
fumpta vicaci moralitex pofTuac. cum*aujciliis 
Ocdinariis Giatiac. ,^ 

1. Viciiisnovempeccatis veiiialibuscumiiH 
xHiisordiaaiiis. Grati£« fupeiell adhuc> exvi 
cosumd#m , pot^o^ia naoralis vitan Ji d«cimum, 
quoftipponatur compkri multrtudd monlitec 
inevitabilis collcdiive cum auxiiiis oidinaois' 
£rgoHciipote>^, uc illud vicetur dcfaito. At« 
quico-vitataj vitata eric dcfavlorotacollc^o 
fumpta collcAivf . £Tgo cum auxiliis oriinariib' 
fitarimoralitcrpoteftcotaca collf^io. Eadein 
porrb ratio cft de qualib*'t aliacollc^ionepec*' 
catorum, difctum* annoium. A.Tumptum tu< 
t?mcommuniter ftdinitticur, & pauJd pollpi-* 
tcbic negarinon go.Te. 

3.In;latupursNaturxpotui(rctvltari poten- " 

tia anceccdcAti , & conkqucnti to:3 colledlii» * 

venialium.Ergocciam poceft pro itacupr;efeiici 

cum auxiliis otdiniciis Gracij? fupeiuaturali^.*' 

J^MtCQn&qncnii». Qvii^ AwUa-Sugeraaturar ^ 



.BCccedcfis. ^ia hoino'iiatQralil<glteb 
id vinBilam toitm coUodionem vcni«* 
Hcc cnim licitum cft vclle « ctiam w%g^ 
ttcrc aIi(|nod-TeAia]e jpeccatumali^aa^ 
»menlicitum eft velleid, adquodvitan- 
m abligat.Lex Neqcitautem natuialilew 
itihomoadid, quod e^ natnmlitcff ica« 
i«. £ft autem naturalitcr imfolilyilcv 
ro ftatu NatuTs pnr« fitri-non pMO-, non 
potentid anreccdcDti ; fedetiam eonft* 
. Qaateuttinon foJum ca potentiafrufim 
Mnonpote(!reduciin^£luni, fedctiam 
nqaamteducctur. prsfetttm fi bocci 
liatpetfc» & Jmta cxigcmiam fnft Ifa* 

cnum cft non poflc Titart orania venit» 
cftivdfumpta com foiis Auxiliis ordina' 
itis proptcfentiftatn.Quia iudefinitMm 
incTfid.cap. ii. &can. i|. feif. c. St 
intcx muhia locisfcriptunr. Impotcniio 

aticli ninnfs vrnTafta rnllrA^ivt^ nnn^lVifi 



abr<|«ie(p«€iall pfUilegio. Deniqae imp#tflitk 
iilaiiecproveBitcz imporcntia morali antice- 
^entiadvicaadam aliqudi vjnialciict^rmiat* 
t«<Mn9ptttin*propt«tlpeciaIeA aliqQam dilEcuft» 
iatem» «e^ue cx laiutudtiie roluiitatiit f#ft* 
i|98m (MimttlraTiMyic ^eatalia. Noa «xiiDf»». 
i^utii «4 aUqaad determiiiati > ^uU uooh 
f tt^dvis pcccatttffi veaiale detefmiaiuii fiii^ 
ftiia» iiHlJo«j(capicepote.t eifc yitita difici» 
ii«s» ^u^ ttaum^qaoJvis Lctlialc > tttoftni 
c^niidesanti motiva iaiMUiuia» 0crctnk«tttl| 
rcrpc&ii tt<jfiur^«e » «quiMadcramia iaviccai 
«ata Itt^ptopoaiaBc. Difitam t oicm eft ei Tli» 
deatiao , ooodiMs lethalc , im^ tocaoi fic^le- 
Aioacnf^leih^ium ricau poiTe poteftare cdlim 
iROtali» cumauftllit oidiaaxiis Gsatiat.llecc- 
ciamoriturex laftitadiBei ^uia lanoccatta Im- 
4kn»a ioTar poriusproptecaabiiiimboAwa ; ad 
Inaoccntiam cia^nam • Ae aulbtenas rctatdac 
Cu<n eniavToluntas^iitpotenfia fpiffitualis^aot- 
fttfgatar tepeu.tone , aut coatlauatioiic ۥ 
Aiium* faitemimmediate, 6erationeiiu.Ua4c 
foiitis aliis requifitis perrcyeiat fcmper atqa) 
prompta sc ezpcdiu , ijuin & expeditior* «c 
yromptiorprxcedsate IaBOcenti« confuctttdi- 
ire. keqttificaautcm cspsrtcCorporisfaciieca- 
dlemperrevetarc, aut redire, autetiammelio- 
rsripoffunrpofl repetitionem vitandi pcccata. 
(iqaidem eorum pccafiones « & tenrarioaes» 
tioa funt Contiauae nec totam vicam cui Concl* 
liumadneftitimpoteatiamiftamj veletiamloa< 
fum tempus plutium dierum , meafium , auc 
aanorum comple&irur cootinuata phjrficecoa» 
tentiovitandi, quc Ia:1itudiaem pariatdepea- 
fCfArcr4fr/aa9caiti«coaCeivaiid«coMttf> qai 



iBtnvalluni idif otentic nox«lis ad ^i* 
m etilh&toneA i Atqiie in fleriimq«« 
igh. rf «its eflim fbnt , «01 non ac^eidftt» 
9iiiacce<tuntproziBi aolongtim tcmpvf 
entis moralit completifuoi ablque ullo 

veniali : Ideft , pluret rnat > qui peccanl 
irimedietate talif temporis, qn^minpo- 
imedietate. 
nrifta impotcotia communitcrtevocatnr 

1 capita-} Quofum primum eft , Natiin 
iihttmaniTo!ttbiNtas, &facilisinutxaiit» 
tcm inclinatio. Altetum cft freouens pec«> 
m Tf ntaHum propi inntimetaoilium oc 
lifas, alFerens ftcum candCm totidcm tes«* 
m &eoae&uam.TettiQm eft df fvftiiaioff^ 
bibentisinTatiabilem co&ftantiim. 6c«- 
acm tenacitatem hontfti • uti czhibcnt .^^ 
ypoftatica, Sevirto Becta. Adhucraracn 
ratiuratio, obquamijtantecedcntcrim? 
ilismoralireruniformitac femperbcne fki 

^}.-C\tita Aef^fita% fnrm» ^vlith^nri!; inva. 



iA 



J40 . 'iji*//. Xfp-, 

<^ilicorumxqn^ gcavautbllinc-jrnin liKriimTif 
esUiisduobusexcremis. VerUmnobi)faci]i« U 
clara huiusrci ritiodelcendicez^iftisquaeft. ij^ 
U 5* de Impoittibiiiuce morali uQiforinfiuris ii( 
cplle£^Loiie<|uam , j^Iuujponim, ^uorumqai- 
libet Ht aeque^ aut ferc indi^^crens ad utrin^quJ 

■ panoii coatradi^ioois.Eadem namquc ratip e» 
4^ unoquolibec coniparato cum /erc innumcra* 
biiibusoccafionibus» pto quacum iln^ulis icc 
yctfcdeindi^ecensinutcamqueparcem , atquc 
cftdemuititudinercre innumerabitihomiuuoi, 
quorum quilibec fir fimiliter indi^exens. Utro« 
bique eoim adfunt coddm modo, eadcmqatf 
cumpcopoccioneplurcs caufx idcquace, qfla« 
xumqa«iibccrer<;ila po(Ct impedirc unifoxml^ 
tatem , quam di£»cmitatcm quamfib^c dttdr« 
ninace fumptam » &qux podiat impcdirc dif^ 
formiutemauamlibcc minorem > quam mafp- 
xcmquam» libct di(formicatem. Pro fiogulis 
namque oporiunicaiibus operandi noicuiqiie 
0£curcntibus ad func iir.^ula motiva inurram. 
queparcem^ hocei^, adfunr tocidcmcauiae va* 

. tcntes indttcere ditfoxmicatcm cadcm ratlonei 
q^afingula IndiviJuacoJlc^ionis allcujuspoH 
funr caodcminducecc.. Eadcm i^icur racionc. 
quaibiconclufumcft , impoOIbilem efTcmorao 
jiteruniformicatem colIcAionis quamplurimo- 
cum Individuorum pcrfe^e indifrerrncium ad 
ucramquc partem , 5c diiforinirates qub funt aft* 
norcs, cb erTc minuf.fpf^mbilcs, concluditur 
etiam in przrenti iix^oflibilcm cfTc moralitec 
totalcmnnifocmicacem femper bcne« autlcm* 
permale opcrandi in unoquoquc individuofi- 

mJIIt^r iadiffctcmn , pcooccafioni>^its« 6cin(fc. 
rcjBWfcxnporuinCviiiUcci nLu\iv^\U\W. ^^w 



p^ucio^ibus» iiipicrifqucTefttaliquamrs 
rQrmir»tJbu£» qjjx maf f^itceduot ad rai- 
Pj qulmad ininim^in ommum dfi^Foruii- 
1 1 acpf&indff J^ioiduc homxntsCxft nn 
pcccata fcni^Ua iagu^ noa oinn^/iopi:! 
^tiievrnirc; {cdcucnfundAtncnEOt expir^ 
if pnmlj ratjQii$ ptobibilititij, fic fpcti 
poris iTi foTc , quAm fotc oppofico ino* 
Jponet veibpToclamirciilarum compi' 
tliTn coaEdccaxe at£eate , qtis dl^t fuQi 

1 . Porenriji Tiiandi {Ingu h fcorilia fuccell 
!cceHiO[iei]uiii]uimiut(iiupta , » fcroeft 
lia vifiadiomnii colUdlivc ; AonTcro 
tiautcamqtie vitaijdi nnguh rcorfim fnc- 
^» Quia fi tautum datut potcntia viti&di 
icceiitoQC jnrrtftiptl , Dan prOpterei da- 
poECniii ritiindi roiim colIc^jQnetn col- 
tt cuiTjdcluet fic rumptjopponicurcoa* 
:.DricquxJibcr inictrupijo. In objeflione 
I folumpiobttuipoccniia vitaudi lucccfli- 
cefiione iQteirupti. 

2« Oi>fervandum eft in cafu obiefbionis 
cionem vitationls peccatt: contipuatxpec 
n occafioncs , tanquam przmiflam infeire» 
doAfinam nuper indicatam, cogniuoncin 
[itercertam dcpeccaco cxtituroindccim^ 
ione : Virationem tamcn ipfam prarcedcn- 
parrc rei , nou habcre fimilem vim dcter- 
uli.voiuntatcm ad pcccandum in drcima 
one. Quia vel non adcftprotunctalis vi» 
, fiecperfe, ncc per aliquem luum effc- 
; velfi adficaliqup modo potius inclintt 
andum, eiJMw i€vnc ^cccitiUDt; Qtiare di- 
CC«I« 



f4t j^4/K#xir. 

ccnium e(l aieTe in d«cimt occtfione plbceB* 
ttam morale:n ancccedcntcm non pccctndi 
cenjuA^mcumim porenitaconrc^Henti» ^ut 
ebdem proffTus m«do,diceRdameft adcflitci»» 
dem pomtttm , 8e impoteatitm» pro pfimt oc» 
ctfioM, fi fapponttBc fiitttrwffeaet urTitcMr 
pecettumin lequentibut noVem occofiMitibnK 
Qntm ttmen impotentiam |ttet nffobiqne eCe 
puri ex«tinfectm « 6c intentiontlem » cnm reip« 
M ^ i^rcefeietdemomninonnifiirfniseziltet 
potenift mottlis re^eAu fingulorum feorfimt 
tc deicrmiotte» cum tmpotentit mottli ▼tga nt 
(peftu coUedionis eorumdem. VldctCttf q«od 
oi fimiliditem eftqu«ft. f . ad 4. 

Ad |. Ne^ndum eft pro fttm Nttnne pur« td 
fttmnun potentitm moralem Ttiindi tottm coi* 
leftionem Tcnitlium colle^v^ Sumpttm pct 
longttm tempns. Quit ratio fttperius pofitt con-- 
?i:n2cetiam pro co%ta. Jtm verbtdlioc nc tli^ 
qnisefentusitt omoino ntturtlis» nonnfcefif 
cll» pofieipfummortiirercontin^erc: fiilBcii 
enfan fi conttnratar tn ▼trtuteaAift pliyfictcaa- 
(tramntturalium, ut poti qucnihtHn (econ- 
tinentadatqutti , nequidem phylie^, quod oa* 
taralenuonUt. ^ttotlad Legemtitinet, polict 
tt tbfbtur^ obKgtie tti omn^ , quod eftpbyfici 
^ifibUe. Q^aiavispfaieeptiva A»pcrioris« pex- 
▼enit qno ulRiae j^liyfiee peffvenit vis phyfict 
eyccuthrt tnJKriotis , fi nullum atiuad^ adfic 
snconteniens« Tora ntinque vtsexecniiva Xnic<^ 
ribrls fUbeft (bperiori itttmitatJt Jurifdi^ionis» 
qualis eft Ocus , ftcnndom sotum & qaalccam- 

aueCinmpQfie. Inqotmvero, li nuUutn aliun- 
e adlictnconveniens. Q§ri ex Xf ge obliganti 
fe€fc, AiJitfcpcftdoaiei b t\ii^(\MU\«d %IU 

\^v4 



ih wt4fmtt wnUtm I41 

Tanc fcfpc^u f fccacorum vctjr^IJU!)! f qufs 

cam f oiribilitatc morttJi,^ Q^e pruic-jiri hct^ 
BfiJiiis oknticjidf , & £cijiipciiratur per necen' 
^cctB moriremcadjzni ?kajiiira!f^ meri?ori^« 
redimciidiad jquaUurcm, imactlam ctiim 
ccHu , ^U9 cooimina fuerinr . ptt «pera mcij^ 
ria. Drniqueiliapoiej^tia ciHmffra* ^mxjft 
iIloCtKicilcdiipm^llrediici , tut incizflot^- 
««iturpcf fe^^um feciin^iijti conjiderati (p^* 
e$^c«ui; &0J1 veiQ ijuat J30J1 poredreducl, 
t^ oofi Kduatur » con iid erat^ fol a otolt 1 tiidi- 
r. BoG cmmpaA»jiulUcauf«i]on enccftuilfa^ 
^IA eu>4rvtf ciul^ cffc^ui QumEro didin^ 
ariiifi.iici : &pcrc9li(c<|uciuaoQesreqiribU 
t iiTljcAive. 

QJi AST I O XV. 

itiMtur dJdxfMMid per JBMfirdtionil 
Cf Af/firdH09Hs fiiferfidiura/m ? 

/Idcruf niin cjwiliUiipef C3»>d?qjttat^.t.Q«it 
' umirqtttfc^eiitordiaenaturart rcdditm bc4 
h» lUtnDaie: plusvciminosdirpoiicusadope- 
in^ULm momtitsr,^ pev quajitatcs puri ph jf ilcif 
oima;» ft:Corporis: Aiiantiu^uce!l dil'p6(!<* 
o t^mpQterSjcicudinis > «b c a , ^^ eft teinpQ* 
iikaiittis: AlJa po(^ romniin;i> ^ prtndium% 
'^fiffujr cltpoH utedikm, Sc vigitUak, U Gc <te 

cocte* 



144- . St^J^^' 

Mtecii ejuGsiodi > in ^uibas fola apptrct d 
hfit ptnts qualitttes pure phyficas ; potel 
temDeusin ordiae rupernaturali totidein 
dis operari , quot raodis poteft in otdine na 
li, Poteftigitur diiponereacjttme volunti 
per motiones »ac qnalirates puri phyficas , 
fninut ^uimperiftus Intentionalesillufir 
num fieiniplrationum. ErgoauziliaGratix. 
buipoteftjuvare Deus voluntatem humai 
non conftituuntnr adxquate oer IltaiSiict^ 
Ik Inipirationes , feapias affettiones. 

1, Inter Auxiiia GratiscontinenJarhtl 
ruperna^urales^ DeoinfuE., qniperfeipfii 
bent vim inclinandi 8c pertraliendi volnnta 
£rgo Deus poteft illan^ inclinare qub voln 

Ser qualitates motiones a Auales puri pliyi 
i nonrolitm per cognitionem motiTOcam 
urium • & compfacentiam in eiiHem. 

9. Concurfus Deiuniverlidisexhibicas^ 
refpe^tt aftuum falutariam habet ratio 
Gnticmdualis, &qBidemeiusGratic» <b 
nonnuUi Theologi pntant fuifle pnrcip 
cotttroverfiamAngaiUni&aijorum Patrana: 
Pelagio , ob ea teitimonia, qusr indicata fiii 
ii,Adl,§,fr§ejpcaeia, Ergoaliquidprxter 
ftratio|ies& infpiretionesperunetad Attxi] 
ftualiaGratijt. 

K. Certumeft, nonlicere Theoloris ui 
ducantint^rAtiitlia Grati«eaqu«!n Conc; 
& Pa.tribus non r«periuntur exprefla aut Glu 
dicatk i (^uandoquidem omnis do^rina dc < 
tia , cx folk Dei revelatione defcendit , ea 
legttimttmfcnruni fcripturarum innotefcit 
Concitia , & Patres. In iisaurem folx reper 
r<///yyui^rarioaesInccIle^u$Alnr£iratione! 



prorfusoppolitum, CejttCortciligiii Mife** 
u, cari.4.. volcnscspoficfe Njniram; Sfitiii* 
a G I a ti « , lol U m d e H ti i c , /^*-^ Cy^HmM T^tUii% 
j §ntrUij^(Tt0*mm4»ddfirMm _, dafitfMf fimi^i ^ frf^ 

nia fcpcrc incentionaha. Siniiftte^ Augu^, 
. dcBs^, ptrvuKCiVj* VJ^itttm Mii, imttF^M9 
^imt§itAt^&f-t£3»e/jat^uoi nwn diftffm^attJratljrQii 
qm* h^m tn e m adjvtt^i vritth tjtitj. * ^^tijc d odll n 4 

id prx terea puie phy ncum fnpe re JTcf . 
Ufgctitiiiseileatideniia lem, quod htbetut 
p. de Fecc4Cp mef. Cnm A^Sim^ ait , a^tUtiUtm 
Mt^rtan» deprtcAmftt nd f^tciend^m ptr^titndmmf^ 
hti^m « ^uid oiiMd drfrfcAmttrf tfnim nt «^ff^k 
jdUlei*t, ^ fnAve^^f >^^idmndrttdAbtitT tlbi 
nderindiel^ p^rticuU exclEiIiva , ^^i^aHud 
rquam eicluduncui \ rauone AudicorliDci 
mia alia przcei Illaflmionem* quc fola 
rrit qaoid 'latebat; 5c piam aflFedioncni> 
ilnfpicationiEm quxfola fuavefacitfuavitate 
lc^nti* qaodnon deleflabat.Ltcecauteat 
tticalam eiutinodi cxclufivam non habcat, vi- 
xistamen haudquaquam miliofis eft venufH 
pofkio eificacitatisconvenieBtis Gtatixadhi* 
caab eodem Auguftinotrad^. 16, In Joan.col. 
ad iltUd. NtJipaterqHt miji, me trdxirit tum . Slne-» 
M , ait ^velmntatecredo , fitrahar rEg» dico- farum 
volHHtat^, tttamvoiuptateTrahTris. Paucifque in- 
rjc^tis y? Pietadieereiicmit-y Trahitfna^tttfft^ 
^Hptoj. Non nectfitas ,fcd voluftat , non obdgMiio^JH 
t^Mi^, ^antofrrtitfs ttosdiaeredekertnitndhi *»- 
G min40 



] 



J4^ S^^i^xy. 

.muMtm dd Chrrjfmm , qnnUUSattkr vfrttsn f £ t a otf 
appCMlit e Itc 03 p J um ; ft^m^m vtridfm tfiendtt n^ 
& tfJttf tism^ timcuf^tr» dem^fifirmnmr • ^ nM 
tmr, Viiiicfidenterinteriogando, ibftxc. SH/td 
trabmnt , . fmpnfom vtttim tfi \ Trahitfm4 ^MempM «•« 
, imptM nth trahk rewlitmt Ftlims m P^eri f l^tUd imM 
ffortms d»fidtrMt*Animmy ^mmm yttitAlem \ In qvibniV 
oum folliciti conctur AuguiiUiUs cjrprimeM 
l&ouonein , &e£Bcaciam Gratiz, folai exfrimir 
cognicionea veritatis k d&deIcftacio*ficmy^1iuu 
tacis. Videaitur eademdoftirina tcrininis^Stfk** 
JUilicisdiiUnftiusfradicaapudD. Thomam, ad 
eundcin locuuijoan.^i Lefi. ;. vcrf. %, q» t.f^ 
^eer^^mmltipUcittr, Ubi t ra di t U cio nem apdtfrt, 
obquani inipoflibile e{l voruntatem moveiiuf 
luuiivadum, quaii:ace aut inotione ulla pat<t 
phy^ica: Quiaiciliccc voliintas eft pocbiiTiara^ 
tioAalisi Ideoquc IbUratione prOpo&encfbo* 
niiaiemob/edli, 6i drlcc!iiionemadiniiDrilli* 
cienceio .moveri pote^l. KTuIIa namque viftparfr 
'phyiica immediace inclinac , aur ullo p^do' 
■>uvx:( ad voicudum , & eligeadum $ ucquir<fu< 
ex propria e^xpcricn i la > ^ cx ipsa rei conii deia. 
cione, aiqiiecouip^-iationecui&rcbusinahlfAIs 
tis, iuiuMibJiibusiinniediat^ peraliqui^ibtea- 
tionale, facile conjicicr. Hi^reTpeiitColfdi 
Uum SenoiMnle dcfiniens , cah'. 15. Trkbit ^. 
4em : fed ui eJMt •d§rtm cmrrimtts ^ r^^n vi , ji«J» MtH 
YAftmmmr, 

£fH*caci(lSmaifiarum Au^briratum « 5^'raTid- 
nisconiicutatiodciuniitur cxSaciis Lit?ris (ig- 
niiicanribus ubique Auxili.'^ divin.x Gratia:« ; 
univeiiiinoiniiia , pcc ve^ba pui ancii , vocandi | 
iuvitindi » rangcncii. & limhia exprimentia 
c/a/t' vi IU V lliA tio u um , 6t ^^'uivxva 3L^tOivvitv\jk\Tv\ 



«a veAiUD T/ngmm , ez coacii. Trid. ai- 
S. C.cap. 5. TmnptMmttm Dem C§r Jhnmmm 
itm SdtitiH iMMmm^timtm: Qutfftd reliqw 
|aia palfari , 8e vocarl n on poreft homiB, 
omiaiisiiivittri» ^in lcaciac» Acnifi 
us fcntit Tocantcffl, & pnliantem, & jaia 
rper inTitatiaaem «Uiciatiir, 8e amcii« 
k, niiiqaatenutficallicicur, lcafficitur. 
c igitur cx kif omoibns Auxilia «Aaaiit 
a&quacicooftitui, perfolasllittftnitio- 
elleftat, flelnfpintiones, feapiarafEe* 
Toluntatb^ 9eo inuniiTas.. 
[. QuaUutes ph/ltcc fiTe «d cornos • fr« 
nimamipedhintes roltim mediitedUpo* 
moTcre Tolnntatem , fic Tcl aiitcr pa(^ 
aateauscaior, flehomidilas careftctuvi 
int fpiritas Titales, H lenforiom com« 
Fiigiditas Tctb » 8c fiecttas coadealaar» 
rahaotcx quo delnde proTenit major» 
or, aagttitior, «ut teouioxapparentia 
matnm , ez qua demum^fuboritur coeni* 



X4» .Sijs*flit^ xr. 

aucipeltas^etenQsuc eandem difpontiit..7ari« 
teietgoia ordiiie.rupeinaturaIipote&Dettt pet, 
d6num ezternx ptoceAronis iacere ut rediu* 
dcnrin.homine ex •cauiisnaturalibus qoaJitatet 
piiy(icx« evquibusdciade fuboriantttxmoda 
di^o cognitiones » 2c coqaplaeentic , qvibus ?o« 
iuntas immediac^. moveatur , . aut fimpliciteft 
ajit magis ad bonum iion6(lum>3c minus moret« 
tur , aut nt>n moveatur ad bona temporalia •. n« 
]iayveltalia< Goeteiumfierinonpoteft. atpct 
eiuimodiquAlitatcspuxe phyiicas Animat» aat, 
Coiporispropiiias Toluntas immediati nio?e*- 
tur, iocliqctuitauidftterminetur.obrationcm 
jam:datam« 

Ada. jHabitus neque naturales» nequefii» 
pexiiacuxaleshabcncviminclinandi> ac perttt- 

hcndivoluntatem immcdiate pcr feipfos s fe<t 
mediaiepci c^gnicionc^ expeiimentalemina- 
)Oti8i6ciiit|itu> majoiurque inceniionis , atq« 
in4e-dflc^tipnis, quafianta&usprxexiftente 
h4hitu«quamilhabitusn5pz3exifterct:Sicutej[* 
plicfttUiCiiio qq.de virt.in comm.Habitns fupcr* 
natui^esiiAbentpcsetcrca vim mcdiatam incli- 
aandiper A.uxilia adualia fupcrnatutalia » .qnae- 
iilb£cqi4iuitiii(4dipfos , juxca proporcionS eorii.' 

. Ad |. JXe^^oncurru geueiaii Oei, ut fuerft 
aliqua cotitf^j^eriia cum PeIa|fio,.Contioverfia 
c^te ptaicipii# nequaquam mtdetali auzifio. 

Suia Auguft^Ep. sf' paulo poft init. 8c £p. ri/« 
rmed. Sem«J4tqueicerumciariflim^proteRa- 
turdbi, &coeterisCatliolicis noneiTccoorro- 
veinamcuffifelagio dc c^ Gratia, quam cum 
IniriishabemuscoiTimuncm , cumquibusho- 
niincsfumuss fcd de ca peculiari, quarunius 
CJjJdliiSUii , . U iilit Dci } ncquc dc illa , quae ad 



ifCfieatioiiis ncccilirio ccJiifrqnuu#* fed 
qa^ gntuitQ fupersddictirJii, qu:e pri 
oncm habcm Eii , Cotiftantillj m itm itttf^m 
ud omnpf admittcnres, agfiorccjtrrf^iie ' 
^riam concutrum D» |^f nerftlctn , Jkiifr- 
nrm cuai caui^^ reciiDrfis, cum c^ccom-* 
m piif Bc im f iis ^ dcben » uatuu xci fLipJ ^ 

w Co ociitfu I D« I G en £ r^ [i« p E rtii) ct A fj[ ' 
Li G/aiix D?i<IcHntTa feprotcdaadverru^ 
luiDrotsm rniire&e, id^ue iluplidi^do- 
tlmfi qui^ FH^Ugius ncgafii ticcclEt^ciii ^ 
c Dfi j opponendo inftritttm L b^tutis 
ein ncccAitatcm cjuod jrqut tntlitat, £ 

magisipparicntfr , Advttfus nccclHtaieia i 
rfus diviniimmedtati. Secundo quTi D^-^ 

etjndcm futim concurfliin immediatuin i 
raturfdrnmiitcromnTbtis » ^ Jingulif cai^ 
cist tam riiiturjhbus , qu^in fiipcrjiitura^ - 
Vndccum enciunnf!' A^kii fup^trtatura- 
iti foIiimcOTnpktur [icr talcm coiKiuTfum 
iSToIunratis, qtfoadformalitatesefFe^us >- 
identesanaturali, Scfupernaturali, .f^d I 
A^ivitas auxilii Gratix quoad fOFnfaUi 
iffeAu:5, quatenus fupernaturales, atif^ 
iftaspofl^erioresfoFmalitates , eftf<Arnift<> 
pernaturalis, ac indcbitus Nattirae , H 'fn«. 
itus donn C^eationis ab(blute , tiibim i 
imo, tum in a£):u fecundo V nonnbiniis, . 
loliafupf^rnarutalla creata v lic^Vfiiififj^- 
, iUc ctiaxn i5t tfcbitus, edderti 'J^itiolie, 
jbitijs eft voliitttatxtfreaMs qu^od aftil» 
inatutilci. Demum Dcus C6kttfVf*i1^«i 
13 fivcutconnaturali, ftvcuffo^Jilit> 
onincJinsK neqtre slltckf^^akLt^ 



l|o fmsJh^Xrii 

ad ■nMnftrtem , potius^tt^m zi tppottttfB t»> 
tione fui prxcif ^ j tc ptoinde hac cttam tatieir 
nttmctaiinon poteft diiefti tcfbtmalitetlntci 
aiixilia Gratiat Dei » de qaibtus fpccitlitcf docc* 
jDttxper.Condlia, (k Ptttest 

QViESTIOi XVI. 
^Mf^ n8i divuUfifr GnuU im PH- 

rMnfem0c. 

^ Idetttx j^oa mA^ dividi. i. Qsiit fttiocom- 
^ ipttnxs nan contincDS fub fe nifi daas diffie* 
leatiasun^ folum diTifione dividi pote(l. Qii 
Httmautem.eft Giatiam non contipercTub (e d^ 
k duas (olttm difFerentits , nc mpe illailratipnef 
IptclJeftusfc Infpiiationes Tolanutis^ £rgpia 
Ctts ibJiMn diTidi lemcl poteft. 

a. OiettS antc^uam confcrat .Gntitm » (ae»^ 
esfpe^t , ttt bomo faciat , qnantum eft in fe» 
i|naB doAiina eft D . Thomar docentis Natritum 
in Sjlttis , ^ obterTtt Legem naturtiem , nec let» 
JuiUterunqtiampcccci, ttndem tliqutndoTO* 
ctndumeue, tc perttthendum td fidem pec 
6i;ttiam. Ergo. non reftt tribuitur Grttisr Dei 
in.genere, rttio PrsTenientis; fiquidem con- 
tingit.etra prsyeniti i Libero Axbf ttio. 

^. Ejtpofii^ in ptccedentibtts necel&nte Gia* 
tui pro fiimntbas,& finguUs ftttibus humansNa- 
tunr, Sctdamnit, &fin^ult.operuni genera» 
can(equensjim eftutexplicctur , quibus mo- 
d^s, icfuateaiAS Gtatia fubvcniat indigencix 



Libcri ArbiErJi» S<xletua uMinrnuacw Crarijde 
Ittcdos, ob^uotnfcciTariacii, eipoA«te^h^o« 

&I1 aafcccdcaicm 4 & ComitaptfiB . 4ciubr«'- 
^^fM^ra } OfenaiCfQ I Jk C9CPf>rEaaremi Ev- 
cicantcm « ^ Ad^itiraafciD i Sufficieiiftm^ ,ic 
E^icacm* P^ftrcctitida diTtiio prsctcrmlffcnd» ^ 
«fpnjndciit. ob Alemiitai €}us ^utntui iudi- 
Ikum^ Sc<l<^ Apf)^^ofic<4, Hcllq^uKtTCs « 4iv£i(i* 
fsi«d^«iui4i?fn 1 fctl fcmprorAii caa<I^miifni&- 
cftAt in fcSo. 'EJiiemcjuc fi^uiiicaDd7 aliiiptx^ 
cfrf'^ complurcs rocct & iocatioii«f uruxpimt 
C^ucUia , & Safi01 i^ttff^s , ^ia<)uarum4i(»ct- 
Iri titiJl «dcarum lciteHi^eEitiain wi4cij poccii 
MonrOfiidiff, lii.^cffo^td. fine,i ubic^bicEvtt 
crudirl , qu^ Cb]ct > diHgrntfi qniiMfOJiginT^ 
pJH^fef cxp«<^Ui^^ GufiJC pf2v«ni«nti^.Dicitur« 
itifein PFjer«nJ0nSt 3c AtitfC£d<iit , <fajucnii| 
dari ifTjemcrirt . conaturf^u^fioftroj ► «feauf ib 
cit<J cm 1 ncf c pr ndi; niif : Co m t ta n * v^ro V c^n l^ ' 
^u-?M ) <iuatcnuscooa«iimeriea^«e Aoftf* eec- 
xiilit;, antvit^jufii^nainducitur.Wun^upatVLt O-. 
p^tansquat-rnus pr«(lat altquid , nocdum cx- 
hibentec|uidqUam libcro Arbitrto. -OoopT3'>.s 
▼etb , <)uatenus ^innnl cann Li^bero ATbittio cfR - 
citoput Mliuarc. £xcita«s A^ppcIUnK., quafr- 
nustorpeotem, neciaequid^q^iam «dhnc ag^n- 
tem impeUit , ftimulaf^ue voluntatem , tc mo • 
net officii : Adjuyans ▼ctb, quatenus Libero 
Arhitrioin rufficienii exfe adjotigit Tivea fuas» 
£copereindividuo, cnmagent^»git« 

DiTiiionibus idis fundamentum pcadbuit, & 

jrcmomncmillisfubK^moxpreflStpotiflimum 

Augoflinos> cap.x7.de arat.ficLtb. Arbit.Qiii» 

|it, tfi^msA^mty ttfifnfvam Urt ctfftrmt cJMrtfn. 

9 4' ♦«« • 



I 



tsi SB^fi^xri. 

^em^nfi/itUet ^pr4tpar4ttt/$tumtAtim^ & €$afm 
f^fieit » ij»9d^ferAnd9ituifit4 S^wucmiffBy m 
mm i 9pirstitf inafitiu , ^voUnfihm cm f t rmtm t 
phfickH»'i'W^ts>tf^Hu: Oertag.fim , = fmmtM 
iiferMVi4WM0fikhaHtMmf€ffikujikdimm,ekr^ 
2 Sr, 'PVtrg$-9»limms,^JSm*ntik^Mtmri tttmt^M 

i^ wimmmt » ^yic vtkmmfsmt/k^Mmmt^ ntlbifimtm < 

' ' TfUmY'\ uwitnfint iiU , vti .ipirmmN , mt ^iimHf 

cfpthtkfttdm if9hm^; mii¥fMSm' J fi r m m $kU.itmit 

e fVnM M hirer ' ORtfoaieii r fioncHU . 4SMMU 
ig»«llf#/HiMfif»AMMm sptnommrvOmmntlHi'^ j 
m9bff:km,iKi/fentmmr>;^liLtmr, Qii»lob»I]f i» 
pezit(d6 fiiUu- "aitqA-ciiobUiioiidHincoopc 
tiburf l^qQis etpphrafis lirhoti ftafu Vft f 
4^i\r Auguftino^t-ntmqmi ,. im in4m pei 

E[{ liirur tf n(fMtJbfxy)>|>«}ituin;' Ly. «UkfokJN^ 

f^nxti&Wft^^in^ntkii. , idcm ugnificat h>.j>oiie| 
teftimonfo.qifodinprsrccdcoti ijgniilcit p 
cVU ; Sin$n§(tit y dum dicitur : ^ «r^9 v$iimt 
n^bk opfraturr 

lam patticula • Smtnsbit j triplioem poxefl 
ctuderecoopenittoQemno{lr£m3 pjiyiicaH) 
btram, &mera(0)iam. Gratia pcf vcnicni 
' 1 opcrationem noftram phyHcam tiX caua in 

j^ pcicnoprozimofufiiciens ad inducendis : 

ii' ilrafionea, & riasaifediones falutares. Fr; 

i. niensrolam coopcracionemIiber£si funcea^i 

}■ llludrationes, & pizafFe^ioncs* ouxiuni 

il: tantiiriDeo, quin impediri noltia «ibei 

<n poiHnr* nobis tamen CQop<ii'aatibus phy 

}? 9uod cHe commune atquc eflcntiale onio 

1 



■^'_,- 0ttjf0taf) . , ^ ^ 

p j 5t ftopo Auguliini, aiquc Cojicilii 
jcHir.i , uEi mox apparfbifi drAE/a dcnU 

^i„ cft ipfe adi U5 noft*r fi&e/ Jil nufis taicli« 

non pi^rupponrn^ uUum diud mcjituinj > 
ef qao4 ipfeieiifbuArur, :^ - ' 

EripJiciiila ccioperaEJ&nc (bla pof^rtina ia^ 
iuii, & cxdiidifur a GrarU pE^vcnitfiic 
UdtuUia > ^ntitdii. Quodfuadetuf prim^. 
Auguftinusc^jmlotdjlitiasxiaUisomhR 
pcnbui yoi^cnpiibtt* tic^iiEri . Pchgiaflo* t 
j cc*iiccijJit," Gratiam jidn '|frt)ptcrfat* - 
pRra dsrii Sc ide& finc nubri ii[dm dastf -. 
ipbis noDciuiii nicrci^tbas iarurprorfai ^ 
JU.±^ Qui«. iiU 'fciftentTa ^' ifft Mf ^sHmtat^ , 
^ii «f^rrd^Mr ,- notn pocc^ati^crcoh^teTCGum ■ 
lA» CJEjib/. ad SimpJic.cj* i.antc incd. V$ ' 

tfjhfnfndt. Hic cnlm l^. mtvtiitim < non po» - 
^ai Jica r? io lum pia m a.re^ioi) em « H coin» 
itiAna indeUbeidtam , qn^ {^if^icct/iicq>f^ 
^ fcquendor Siquidcm, necjnc adrifUtil 

n<>»Deu£, nc<|uc nnspet caT3demipfiull ' 
pur^ fcd, vocsmur ad coQrcnfutn t^tk^ 
.&: epri^ requttiiLif , j^um cum cxhibctthi*. 
^, ,ejscjp,j. dc Gran fcLib. Arbir.ibi> 

m Pau iw d^ Ca h v*ca htn r, ^ T*m w#^* ^ 
/^im* rtc^titnf ^nnvffttyetHf OrdtHf Ifri *ht$ 
MtMf mff^iT^ rftju e rs ti f rna^A ft^rtHti* . V bi ci 3 ffi 
jnitvOcat|cnc!n TaalQ noa iibctamj i * 
^tfTon^^ fidem tibcU , 5: dc nttaque piO- .- 
;prohun:iAt Giitism Dei fiMt i^^^ ^ 



1/4. St!L*f** ^^^- 

cjufque afleati^nis hanc unicam xtddit mdo* 

nctti • QuU meiita bona nulla erant. 

Iu((ue non romm habcc xationem Gxatls 
jptsacnieiitia > ideft* cjus , quam Deus fine no« 
bis opejfatux, & flux eftputa Gzatia , ea qa« fiae 
vii^.Opiitk. coopcrauonephyiiQa antcceditad 
Klu^rauiones ^ pias afFeftion cs falutar <s, attt ifti 
ipiiraotusindeliberati , quianobisciriciuntnr, 
icA non libere veriim eiiam aftiis efficaccsnobif 
libcxiac.meiitot^i di|mmo4o fkdi fint nullo ao« 
ftxo przexiflcntc merito , ob quo4 ipfi , Tei fnf- 
f f;ientiaa4 ipfoadebita nobiaelTet. .Quato pri- 
«qiisAftusconvcffilonisad Deum, eft ve9 Dei 
G^^tia piaBvepiefis , ^u^ Deu& npbis opitulatuc 
a4'teliqu|im Xuftitui (alutarli progroflunu 
Quam.rationcm. Gratisiion habent Aaus faiu* 
taies poftearubrequentesadconvexiionem neCr 
Gt^tia pxaeyenicns.dieitux fimpiicitex auztliua 
iipmediatedefexvicnsad illos ehctendosr Vnde 
Xnguftinat dcpxaedeftinatione.iaoftoxnmic- &• 
ai; d^inceps :docet j Si fidesnon haberetuxez 
i^xatia ^ nt olim ipfe piitavexat « atque Pclagiani, 
ii^$emipelagianirempexpcxtinacitexaflexebajit» 
leliqpa roitea .fubrequentia opeta non futnta 
cflcjexGrjati^> &forc, utnonprxvcniretDettt 
Jbqmines, fcd homi^es Deiim, contra quiii. 
(jjaiuatScriptttra.. 

£ftalia pratteiearatjo , ob qaamomnia An- 
^iiia Gratif^ aftualis habeant univerfalitcx ra*. 
tipAein GratixprxveAientisrefpcaitt ejusadlwi» 
adquemttnumquodquceorum deftinatur» ni- 
mixi^miaxatione confexentis fttfiicientiam ad 
ppus. Deus enim per Gratiam ruam przit taa*. 
fluamfufHcien&ea ie ,ad opus falutareexequen- 
jton^ d( cpiifcKOs jaobis fii£cientiam , quam 



iEmi* 0icit AugttftinDrEpift. xoj. if««^ - 
Dtm , n&HfuH ntfi Dtm, Et rn rfu t ^f A«« 
trf^Bestt ^mtdfrtmiferitOfmy ftifrrhMnm, 
h Proroitcitaatem Dctis <ymn^&j6^us 
liherosiaJutarrs,utcon(larexii.Ezee<^ 
iTMM etrUfideHmif e%rdeeor»m , &dMbocie . 
■iWj idcft , vrllintMtfmthedteHtem , rtff/mri. 
f m*ntUtii, tttezponit ixpe Aii^ulHnus, 
icatiifcm ProphftaifubHens immediaie: 
iptitmeit mmhmUnt > tr lnd>e:M nuM cul^adi^ 
mt^need. Ergq nihil horiimf3ciL*nc ho- 
cfupcrkzimpt^aris eft , li dicacur v)uid» 
rumab.eisfirriAi impiecatiBc^nequA- . 
inorisfi diraturidroniieKiy «jnoiipror 
j'U5, idqueneri non poPe, «juoiiipJe 
. Prarcipicautem pereuodrm} Prophe-.. 
3« Vr^ciamnscornovum, * /pininm . 
)ro;nitfitQuefi£turir.n utfa.cTamus.Hxc . 
.npa^Qi-nter fecohxrerepoffint, non . 
pawc, urgcntcdilHcuftatem Afiga"ino, , 



tafu poUftati, fei dt/Ua. pradtjfinatiant fmmifit : «•, 
lio<jHt ut Dei fromtffd tomple^nmr , non in Doi » foi 
inhomin»me£etpotefiMte :. nimirum cxfc fufficica-. 
ti, uc volcb^t Fclagius. Hici^itux.titulMsQifir; 
cicntixcpnvenientis aco , & pjps Gnitlc^.f ,ft^ , 
^dcficicntis iLomini.e3((e.», veniii ;rc<l(i.ltiUui 
p (imam prp po t»ti 09 em ; ^'4 fr9mkiit,piKifi^mii^ 
J4^tt nifiDetu : &cpniU(vi.t PctunatqacCivijQiflls 
tiam io latioQcopcuqtisin nobjs ^ itaeiiojMK 
qiiotxcicunq.ue(aiuiaritex opprai^uri quAtfno^ . 
proxima Tuflicientia ppexan^i titbaitujraobis \ . 
l>co pei Gtati4iii.>..np.ujdan) quidquaiQ ftJMUi* 
bus nobis , q \^oad habendiim eandem fumipica- 
t.iaru ; Jicct ea. habita ver^ poiica copp,^fe9iac' 
cuinfiratiai eaq.ujeratioiieye.rificetuCf notct* 
3a!nfacereconrequcnter«..qupdpxomit^tP^at« 
. Llhiroa dcmum caufaiitas Graus, xadonc 
cujDsDeusnosprsvenit in pxdi^e ad oiniief t- 
£tu3nollroii tamctli ptxiTupponaiit: mexitaan^ 
tsccdcntia, cftin gcnc^e przp.axaqtis yojnntt- 
tcm , ^ prxcligcntisnoftruni opus bpnupp^.Pxs* 
jparatenim Dt^usvojuntatcmno^ram antequaun 
diciata^um qucmiibet^iutarep^, pcxeamgra-. 
:iam , ad.qua9i cognofci; xeipia rubrecutuxum, 
eiTe talem a^um, cajnque confcrt voluntate 
pr£iinicnti,.acpr«cJi^enti ^fficafitcr abfolut^j 
«Hdctcrminateexiftentiaiii cjttr<tcm aaus. Quo ' 
iagcncre nihiJ circafcipfamautcircaluum ai^um 
«p>eranturnoftra voJuntas. Nametilhabcatabr 
roJut^inruaJ|bc;rapotcftate« co^cc/fo jam fibi', 
Auxilio Gratia^.eJiccrp aaum U non ciicerei 
K<?i;itameahabetiafua Jiberi poteftate,. utfi., 
bljconf<qratut au^ciJ^uin 1 quodficbnfcutur, rcr 
ipjaopcrabi^arbcacs utaue per iriudipfaprs.^ 
Jp4/fmi; /i^cc pxxcUl^it iGtum boAttm , quem, ' 



Dcus, 5£ dum pfa^ft^f^ opcraiur in nobU line 

rc i fcdDco foJaprxopex^Hiiic. OpiimtiirTcroj^e ^ 
irt opci^mtir, jiojiquuQpcramur , sac tpcrati < 
fuOiU^^ Hxc.^n Gnua , Ac votaEiD fccuirduA 
propofiTMmi t^propmEIc^pitioi, ufqu*adf# > 
Umiliari&ALtguuitia , £iui»neeu}U£^ets>ixime 
p^iticit totun:! cfTe Dci, ScniliU noiUuiPi Sc .; 
f;i»ilia tibkjtic.cbvia i^vd i^^fuin d^A^atiBtis , 
Gratiam<)uatcnus opci^ntcm 1 ^uotics iJIuT3« 
fitcr apcuoiur , ^ropiei pfspa^tioiicm i & 
^VscdcCtiiiatigacm , feiipt:?:clctlioni:mdivii;ara. 
O^a d c ic ncmo d iibttavt cit i fi legat obfcrvan- 
Ttr tibrosdcptadcfl. Sanftoiumj & dc don» i 
Fcrrcvcrautix , qui Uti toii in JiuncfcOfuui di*' 
riguutur Do f^ecimcn cx cap, j„ dr piidt^. 

tribuentcs jibifidem : Arj7rff»f4crri<rf , 4it« i^f' / 
ntit crtdtre , atvjif in artitrh votunt^xii hftm^tid « fid 
rrt £lt£fi4 frx^itrMmw vgltmtjt/ 4 DfTamft dtftcrnttidum 
rfiMttfiHi ^mtd vmi*t it mijifkw^di^.tjtts ^ ftttd dt 
JNcfr^itf. Frzpirationcru iftjin apptjbi ibi E!e£lio- 
i»cm. Difccctjoncm , Mifcricqtdiam i fEC^ucu- 
tius vcrb tum ibi , cumalibi Vocatioucru lccuii- 
dum propolirum i atquc ibi^cmc. J. dolcntcr r 
mcmiiiit , fe noja Gktn 4c ill» cgLflc in quiftioni- 
busadRotnaoQS. Aitenim : StiparHm itspp^v 
tMtionedtJfefui.^ ^tt^J^tflcHndumpreft/it/tmJbHj ^an , 
tni/n «mritHmiqtti vtcantHr, tdlitejtf fli tantujp Eit^o» 
rttm. Dcindcl.x.ad Simpl.q. ^, ficin^n^hir.ad i 
Laur.cap. 32. wtipncm , abquam* nojifit vo- 
Icntis, ncquc curtentis.noftraConvcrfio, Ju: 
ftitia & Salus , dcducit ex praparatibEC ifta , ^, 
YOcati8Ac?fWtt«4ttm ptopxJlitiiaa Jaditlcm ctiam' 



deducic cam Cypriano in citato cap.5 . Sc aliis lo- 
ci!> Libroruin dc Przdeft. fic Perlcv.In nullocfle 
gjocianduin , quando totum eft Dei . & nihil 
nollcuiD.UtruiDque vero d<rducitur optime.c^uia 
praeparatio ifta , 9c vocatio fecundum pi*p,oit- 
tum tiuntfinenobis , &abr<)euIUnoftracAope- 
laiioae', merit», autexi^entjf.Atqueilliipo- 
ficit icqaitur infaUlbiliter operatiQno((ra} ict 
utrepugnctnosnonopeiari uluuritci in f^Bfii 
conipobtoipfarum. Kcftecrgo tribuitui peo» 
quatenusiicoperanti, noftra Converlio , tott 
Juuitia, ficiatus, rarionePraepaiationis, flcVo- 
cationisrecundamproponruraprccuntisaliqi^o 
paftoexercitiuailiberuuinofl^cYoIantatis j 8c ' 
nosqiia(ioihrl , .5^qua(> merum luArumentaii 
co>-!iparaniuriubea ratione. licet fabaHa exer*. 
ceamusmiinuscaufx immrdiac^, flcprincipali-. 
tct agcocis rcfpeftu omnium aftuum ralutarium« . 
nt partim dicciur quxft. I8. partim alibi. 

Tot igttur m odis Gratia Dei dicitur ^ veie eft 
pisEvcnien.s , fcu Oprraiis , ut loquuntur Theo- 
logi> feu « qu;r ilt in nohis fintCnobis, ut loquituc 
Auguftinus. Fieq^entiWrneramcnomnium fi- 
gniHcatur, c^ voce, Gratia, quam operacuiDeus ■ 
10 nobis (inc nobis libet^ operamibus. Und^' 
Canon.ilte zo.Acauricani. JdMts in h$mjme kprra 
fmit ^itm non fuit homty Accipijtutcam iiunicef 
aTheologisde Ho ninenQ.nfaciencelibecc , 2i. 
ccc coopererur inQnxu puie phyfico, Nemp^ 
d.um agicur di- Hoir.inc, & de operatione hu. 
nana , non habecurratiodeopcxacioncoonli. 
berd. quia ea fola p ropriehumanacft, qL':r li. 
beraeft. In hanciuaxi.reaccepcionemincumLit -. 
Auguftinu!» toco f.re librode Gcatia dcLib.at- 
V\U AccipUac ctiacp, non a4moj4.WMi£cf3ucn. 

to.. 






^V XU GrMfid Frsven hmi,' 
rodono&/utaxi* (ifc Jibcrooolib __ 
io , quod Dfu5 dat iio|>j j {Jiud non me* 

robftrc coflcn Semjpcfagunos , Deuiit . 

rit^ f ucn dccongruo, qukmdccondi* 
quc idi;6i]cc]ue iadtmt nec^ipcpctiftii^ 
adeiideiu. altire uUiinitu & rrTnina: 
UODUCOncjpi pofTej qijin DeuAppi fbatti , 
I AOi przvtm^t; eaque proiede omnm . 
t purc giMuito Sc iLbfTaliier^ Qusliber^ 
i ralBt^iij jJtuilrftci{> i k a0e^ijQ Tolyn* 
|TeijCce^iia# iiTe deJiberarRi HvcprU 
eiatfrmediaj five pfYruppoAeBSt iive 
ErupfOJien» aiiquo4 fcerimni terpe&u , 
rtur Gfaita piat veDi.cn i , dmtimodo Ti r 
tjLialiquem aliu^ i£lum raJLaarein,qpir^ 
irpeftu ejus eonffruntcccdenrer fuffi-» 
iv 5f pr9tp4i3CvoLunEaTetii » Qticonnat- 
Au^ftirki > q^2f pauJb 4nt.e ptxmiOa . 
uatriidcmaftiis, eadexnqitesuiilia fuDt^ 
cntia, StaniccedenTia rcfjjcftualiquo* 
VL^m-, iiitiuJque fiibfeqtiemia6tcoope-i^ 
sfpe^tu alioruTH. Bxpcdic ^tetn variii. 
^tic praBVcnieiitis^&pf eiantisi>(ett qaam 
»^sfinenobisppeuturi Aficeptio^nes 
ecanifnadvertexei ne cuialJucinari, fic 
ri contingat* ut cpntingit npnnuUis . 
ji», dnm iufpc^o feotfim aliquo loco > 
ni, vel altcrius, inienditur conformi» 
irorum omnium , cwm iUo fub eodem i 
im fit reip(a multiplex, ut patuit. 
LfaA4iviipif«t.<sca:,cftiihAvS^ftiilo H 
. . . ^HW ■■ 



a1iisT*atribus , i)«n comprehetidi (altem diftia* 

&.k fub Gratia prxvcniente , Gratias habituales/ 

deillM fiyc fpecies infiprcflas» fivc habitus >'fiTe> 

attiniMejKcinfecaBHimbaft elicioBCur illiiftn«i 

floii«jti lcloflfiirerioiies diTins» prsABCdm pciouB 

deiervieitttfs^d |»xinium adfcum eoavexiionisilcil 

fbte acnllla Q reti« •6hialts, fivc iUuftrariojiea»te 

larplraiiones diTinas. Quia h^c (oU eianc indo*. 

bitataiUittetiiporibus ,^& cx fiicm litens tefi*»:. 

tifKima 3' Cirm exifteutia ^iafufioiiabicausn &•*.. 

pecnafucaKtim , temporeetiamConeilii ViuH: 

Aenfis, ef^t inccita , >pcofeft5fiancerta cx fii 

de, utdice^tnr<)o.%ft. ti^ dcVircat.Tlseol..Gfl»f 

recam fl^rvara proportioncaccommodaKi fo£r 

fuiit ac debenthabieibiis, etiamfaperitttvcaliK 

btts , q VLX dl6ta fttn-t drt Qr^tia pnrrenienci 6c O^ 

peranti. Ex quiba^ omaihusconftat dififiooci 

Oracis inttiD faeaiorataai ^hc itGtk fieci dc efiA 

ralde utilca. -Utijes ^uidem ad-incclligeiician 

doftrinxConeiliorumfcPatsum |^r«r^ii»:AiH 

guftini ticca mtioeca Qrati« , ••& tttuloa ob quo^ 

ea necc(Taria ed, ut liquet ea pcsmiffia^ BjeAlr 

verbfieriy quiautcamlibetexeatcemis diriito-ii 

niscujtt(qae,ez fupxa memocacis«expliciKpc9*. 

dicatum< aliquod Gfaciapaon iatis. manifeftum 

pera!teciimcxtcemam,.necpec ullamaliaa 4\*i 

▼ifionem> utapparet ex fingiUocaaiexfofitioac 

pfzmifta JhitiO Qiiaiftioais.. 

• Ad I. RatiocomnMiaia coatinensiub-fe duat 
tantikm diifccentiaf cealitec intcc fcdiftin^s» < 
poteft -nihilominas muitiplicitcc . diudi io*. 
gie^ , reeundum multa-pccdicara caiione iati 
tec fe diftinftav, cclatead. pluta Goanota<N 
ra> 8c offetascealicecincecTediftin^fcos,- Coii'* ■ 
JVNtAUtCM ci\iljsxiQii sS% Pt«4icita concen* 



^oniiiu oiuaia lU^iiij C^fjus.Dci. Qaia, 
utuiiti acbb riitenol>if » ui ^it^tum <ft 

homiA d oc-et q ludciQ ob{c ; rintcin Le* 
LiAlem guj'D iilluna coiiiimitut p ecca^ 
ifje# vocati landcni id ftdrni^j rcdnun* 
et ob rcrf iacia m Lcgi » n 4 c u r a J is ^ £c vi« 
epiumii pcccaioiu^^n iFthalimn , ctii- 
auaiido coQLipgcic t ibrcjue auxiJib 
Milmbdocct oppofjcum clsi^Jgco in- 
,L* McQi jgjtur D^ Thpi^scftj ^uifel 
uumiidci tispcrfcftjE &lnclioat*im- 
co tcit^ pridic^cioncrm fidf i , vocaii 
iquaudoadfidcmpczreftsmffcipUci- 
u£»ali2s. 

I i£ S T I O XVII, 

KHmfhylicHmiK aUmfalHtares ? 

r nQn cxhibite. /. QuU a6^u$ indelibe- 
aturalcs non influuntcfJicienictin a- 
ctatos naturalcs j Ergo nccrupcrnatu- 
^tconrcquentia , ob (imilem utrobiquc 
proporrionis j & quia utrobiquc cft ea-. 
» majoijs jwpc£lf£tiQ^is in a^ibusln:» 



i4i gmM/fhX^. 

delibcratisqu^iii Mibeiftns , futi^aiisiflif 
bilicaccAi , nt priores effidenreriiifluaiit ii 
fterioies: Cum eeoiiverrocaufa debeat eflV 
ftdior. ^nain- e^Fetes. Probatur anteted 
i6dl' tt covButiii (ententia « cujnt aliAoil 
niritBrTaanems; Tum quia Inteneftns^ 
Inntas., cnro iifiiemrolis comprineipHs « 
^ibns efietnnc aftus indieliberatos , fmitl 
ctentes ad e)ieicndosdeliberatos , noc opBi 
Sent commnaicate mediai^ perfrftiOfieai,i| 
continent in (e imfnediAtd.t)iilnm «ntem e1 
xilia a^'iialia Gratise etTe afibns iBdelibetatc 
j^ernaturalcs Intf lle^ns 9e yolnBtatfsl 

z. tllttl^ratio Inrelledusnon inflniteiStie 
in aAum Toluntatis direiftum per i{»fS|m. J 
nec fimplex cornplacentia , in complacen^ 
efficaceip. Pacet confcquentia , qniafundan 
tacaiifalitatisauxlliotum Giati» runc eom 
itl] nia liluftratioA.i 5c Infpirationi divinsr.-Prob 

ik aRtecedens. T.um quia a^os InteUeftns dc 

^} |\inratisruntdrvernordihis; nequeulb'invJ 

Ij' perfe&ione conveniunt , qus poflfitabali 

!kJ alios dcrivari : Tum quia Intelle^ions f 

;U neatcxparee odje^i^ Ideoque.nonpofluii 

■^■i mni fc tcnerc ex parte pocentix in genere c 

'^i ftfficieqtis. 

;'i 3. Sivoluntascum rotallluftiatione, piafl 

^ fttone, &concurragenrijIipoTeteIiccrea 

deliberatos falutares , hahitus fupernatui 
nondarentfimpliciter, fed tantum facile] 
fet: quodtameneft contra communc The< 
^V rocQm effatnm , ftatuentium hoc difcrimen 

ijjp Dituumrupernatnralium^naturalibus; qup 

,j^ tantiim fkciUi iJtietim fimpliciccx pofle 

,7 ita$Mf. 



f 



I phf ItoJ^ Frequetii rjiiin do^l^ma Avfit- 
, utapparuirqnsfl. rs €ratiatn«<ire of^^ 

^m^nmdfit&m^Mt, f itrap j. def^ft. PH** 

antcmrd. 5ivjffjr fJUJK^i, air^ «cvJte 
ySfA^j*^ Wtf^, Mdtrtitkr^i id I II rff uiai^ 
i«i«yw*n#M/^i fM^^it , mji iSi tvrwinfftjtj md^ m 

1 «lcri ftfflfeAif fTMiifMtMr Jn |ii$aunrin k JW ' 
(tninlFclhiin cftlblam noi deceri cauliJi* 
utmA |cm G rati 9 , Jic< itJ J um c (Tc a^i vU 

cftum rfl GTadv cjrcttanrt , ftn Prrr^w 
ac optjA Q E i cenT^n tre cau&Iitarcni fof « 
JatfnTionaUm , 3€ aiaratem pfo prjon 
ad ciiiicittiai&i a&ui « ad qucin cxcitatt 
larvcnkf dtqucm) ur opcrcinuz * opc* 
[uacenus informar voitintatcTn , eiquc 
it «^bjc^nm kot^^um » Bi cam^fin mo,- 
iirudaiuple^itttt. Ideoque ^cic^eiicie 
itlf fuvart voIutitArema Gratrl , ficun- 
11(0 dc6£to eitciat, ncc cutn rltci pofTc, 
eatenus cvoperantc , teseftapudomne* 
fosindttbttara.Dubitaturautcm^utrum 
ittum influzttm moralera lealiter coin> 
ex parteGnitic , refpcd^u Voluntatito* 
i', lc nolentis operaiiadiiciat cadcoi.. 
tAualis iafluxum prartcrea phyGcuna» 
denter immediat^ concurratad a^um, 
Jnntas conrentieof Gaiti«i cMimpitiKr 
idquodvocatur 2 A^rmant Scapleton«. 
Molin.Bellarm. Valenf. Albelda.cii phi- 
tis.Nec paociorcf multo funt cum quibat • 
h9tu^ Zuwel^ T»miex>Hwt, Amicu%, 



x€4 SH^AjttiXVlL 

Praeferenda au,teni proculdubi^ e(l renUiitit 
tcibuens A^sUiis t£liialibus Gc^iz influxnai 
phf iraum iaixnediatum in geo :re cauta edicieii^ 
tiip • (tlua moralem lUtim^^ quem :e;percejit iii 
gcnere cc^fx formalis. Quod fuadecuc piimb. 
I^ta-Gcacia Dei non folum regiitoos i fe4 f tiav 
agitiios. Noacttim folutndicituj^Joan. I. iBi» 
mm«fmntmk$mnt0m, &ilaulia».quaea4«JEeia* 
tionem ^ dtre^onem form^em pecctne«t » fcd 
««iamdlcituf ILom. f^^cmn^tuSpiritm D» Mgfi^ 
tmr.i bifmntFitiiOHt Plu$attceme{l«^|«r#^w<^ 
€^\iim Jtts^re s &ili^i. £t iUud pri|sfapecaddi( 
aHquid oltYa iioc fecundum; .Quod omnin»a« 
^oofcic Auguiiinus circaeundcmlocum ad&o- 
manos c. 3. degeft. Pelag. propeinic. NMfn- 
tmidmbtSt zit y fim tfi 4igt,, ^mimrt^ii omitmimM* 
gitmr, dit^midd^t, &- idei rt^itmr , tttrtSe mgmt. ^mi 
amtem mgitmr » sgere aii^mid ifji vsx imteUtgitmr. Idcm 
liabetProrper.Scnc. 1J31. exAuguruao, ^indi- 
dem ezpofitihsGlonTa ordinaciaad enndeinlo- 
cumltom. fimesfmgt', ^m^ vix ali^ttid agentem, 
^»amrep,^ma/i fmm^lijmi44^ente;». AC i&tid ptm 
locum non habec-, ficaufalitati morati Oracic 
non luperaddatur.efficicatia pbjriica-ejurdemr 
Quiaquiciqutdeftcauralicatismoralis op:im:5c 
addsquate exprimitur pci dire£kioncm j habcc- 
^ue ▼crbttiQ ^^^/tt/i , cum particula P/«m, refpe- 
^Gratix, -&:V/xy refpedunoHflri, pcculiarem 
c€cicntix pb^ficai fignificanilx encrgtam , cjt 
parrc Gratix. Nulla oamque ratione dicipofrcc 
Yoluntatcm coinpaiatam cumGratia vixageres 
fi Tolttotas eflectotaratioagendi phyficf. Ca*- I 
dem pertinct Gratitm Dei oon Ibium oftendexe < 
ritttnlaJutis, perquamambulcmus fedetiam. 1 
Abmailtucc fiz^s nc dc&cimNxuci VVva.* viccs I 



ni, Mcqucilljscomparift: tauqyim t]a>i| ^iftiQ* 
ftum, niliU poflunt eJTealiiid , «jiEjnj rfficicti-* 
tia phyfic» fypcraddha aS^virati phyfJc^ volujw 
Ulis. Potio fubniinirtrauant^mTiriampef Gra- 
tjjijn , ukra onen^oiieEn vi^ plutibua nex^«9i 
pioffgultuf Bernardus L dr Grit. & lib. Aibir^ 
I on^G a D t c £ n - /^* n ^k i r wiw^ « f #/f # wi^i* vtA m^ ^rm* 
hft wtnun vtAti^Mm iun^rsntL K^hitd iUt facki^r^vif»* 
rffl nt dtvutt ^ 4(ttni iftif prjtjl^t ttf dffciatin viM.FtT^ 
fi dm^funt mki necr^MrtM , dfttn ^ mdjttVMfi^ Ec 
jnox P^*"Eif aftcndensurriqurntfccflititi f«bvc- 
jiiri pct G catiam > cih ibctitfm proind c cffici f^n* 
tlini & cosperitioncm phyHcam , uttct 4ire« 
6d<ititm , ScaUictcnciam ititcariontlcinftcme* 
raltnfi.rffictcinimum eft Cindcm in r^mcel^bre 
iilad Cypntnt } lantoptaufatotics tb Augufti-' 
Bo repetitmD t T**#** jriitffBAiM itfftiie* , ittK»- 
ncGratJX, camque habctcptrtotongc potiio- 
res in opercnol^ro falutati : i^uodipfujn td no« 
ti ffimtilli ti illo ad Rom . 9 . NtJti tfi vwUntif ^ ntqttt 
cji fr *B rif ■ ' } a co b r . Omn r rf*^* ot cp limum de fmTfmm 
tff, Ifait ;S. ^JWwi* tptri ntjlr* Qptrmtm tll n^bit^ 
Circaqujevidcripoteft Augudinus plaudcns.uc 
difttittoeft. fcntcrtriaeCypriani :/»»»*• G/ofM»- 
^mquitni» fitjttHmrthU tff.' PJaudens tcio fspiC- 
fitnhy cap. 3,dcpr«deft.Satift. &cap. 14- i7.*c 
jp.dcbottoPcrfcv.Scalibi. (^atamenfubfifte- 
renequtquam poflcnt, fitotacificientitphyfi- 
eatd ?Oluatatcm pertineret , &adGraiiamf«- 
la caufalitasmoralis. Quia rcfpcdu cu jufque ef- 
fcAus longe prscmiact canfa cfficiens immcdia- 
ta 8f adxquata , caufs pure formali j utpote prac- 
continensin fc totam perfeftioncm cffcftus, U 
xoafcicns iiii imxncdiaic totum fuum clTe. ^Et 



quis nmtL magis accepcum referat qu«dvis ^ 
aum dancij U cxiequcBti, quam futdeDtilo- 
liMn • & allicienci ad dandum . & exfegucndtial 
YtAm omaiam fortiifime haac (eatmiAni 
fccraadeat, dc qnaati ea momenci fit, oftcadaai 
diQ^tttauonet Auf aftiniiiontcn ^Ufiaai, &4e- 
fiaidoaes Concilioram contra cttndem. Pc!ta« 
gittt tottttectt ia coameadandis viributfc Cvf* 
cientitMttacsw Angaftinttse-contcttotttscftii 
illis elcvtndis » ftc ia oftcadcadt imbccilUiatc» 
:8e iafafficiea tit Kt tacc » acquc im tctaticccndo 
adGctiitm»qttidquidiadeaccctJiccct. Pcoqno 
cmiacati iaicr ccetcra » 3c aocilGmo Coatcovcf> 
fin ctpiccvidcci poiTuat iatcc tlit pcacomaia 
opeca coatca Pcltgium £p. p*. 95. lof. 106. H 
107. Virestutem&lufficieatit* tc imbecilliiaa 
fc iafufficieatit ii aoa uaici , cecti pcccipni cc* 
ipicioat tftiTicatte pb/itci cfficientcm, actt* 
quet cx communi vocum ifttrum ufu. Coafir* 
mttoc : quit fi Yoluatts cft*et fe folt rttfficieasin 
geacce ctafcefficieilcistd opertitltturit, Sc-ad 
afttts ddibesttos , eo ipfo ciTccrufficiens ad a- 
dus-indelibectcosIntcllcdosfcVolttnttttspcc^ 
tineatcs td idem geaus, H Teritates circaca* 
- idein obie^ , ccrtc ifti elTenc debiti ex natuct rct 
YOluntaii juxtt principinm nobis familitrc > ic 
conficmtndttm in quae^onibusde Stcctmeatis* 
dcctu& continencieificicntcctliquem cffcftum 
co i^fo iaduceari ez aaturt rei celiqut omaia 
ccqttifict, ut etdem ciuft coctmfutmtAiTita- 
tem csercetc in tliquo fuocfreftu. Unde (i Vo- 
luntts ie folteiretuifficiens ingcnerrctttrccf- 
ficientistdaftus ialucares, co ipfo dcberentur 
Hhi llluftrttioaes , & Infpirtcioncs juvtntcs 
ctmdcm un gcacre cauCa foinAUiiLd vUot eli* 



Wt aMhfitfttt Grafid , i ^^ , 

b, ^adfin r&tioii; i qu* drbenttit ex II 
f^^uivii c^^Cx natiifali omnii reqiiiijta ad 
lc9iitcaro$«dst^uafejnipra , ac projude 
|lii{^nilo ncs 3c i a rp i ut i i> n e« tkon h*be* 
Hpli^i »tJoti«ra Gracijc, ^ui erit totui 

v^liit* tsfun) hoc pitebit confideUACt 
iJioiiBifiTa cojitr»reifi«cipit» » Ffl^<, I^W- 
A^tfij d« ^mbus ki ccnicbit FfrJagiuii 
let, f»Um Ptfihht*trm itvmrftm^fr^^lfm- 
ki/ip, folMfTAftmtmttm^ M0initmmttif* Dri 

U 4e fipe a ntca. I ^ lc vcro A tiguftinui pJa- 
Mx^ cofttcudit uoRfoUinpoJlibihtatcait 
luiititcai erum , 9t ftaioaem diviuuui 
rt.. Uod^ cvBckdil^, 47. *i*t^tM^ cm- 

|»|jatr«v 44rr»^^<\ *f^*r tih Adfnt^fUBti 
» vettmttt & tf^MWAr , «4nf ■*« */* Gf*ft<»i 
It^M^ CHRISTVJSt DtnminHm ntfiranmM 
pl§nHth GpstiHry qtunttnm Mr^trt , ttntrg^ 
iin^^m: H^tft Poilibifttatcm jnvihnoft 
quiWeoipfo-juvemut, ali^u* modoTO- 
, i^atolicio, U^€tiO) Quia^ictttPoflibi- 
ia o^r^ine ad^fPeftbm ; ica6c Adjutoiiut» 
litatis* Nvc extogitari utlomodopoteft» 
tt volAiitaiein , St aClionem , nifi pcr ad- 
ktn acfjtth^fCi-pocentiz volitivx , & a£kt • 
ittuc hanc ptitetttiam iuvari quin aliquo 
vt?encuir vO^iEio , &adio, fiipfiB extttc- 
tgo diim A*io|ttfHftU8 fpccialitci paftuJat 
»>! um , quk>d^rairt«t in volitioncm , 8c 
tw folam p<>ftula*e potcft Atijutotiurt,^ 
roif- hanciil in iltumiffiiionc , aJifcieniia, 
'^ae mor»Ii Aibittiii. fediaCfipcK influxa 



^t^ncelmmediat^cooperetiu. Hecetiiffl eftdi* 
reAejuvarcvolicioirem , fieadiojicm, adjuto*. 
rto utxamque attingente immediate , flc ^1^!^*) 
raddiro ultra adjucofium attingc^ iltcainfiie, 
folilm iadifeft^ pctmotie^em ai4C«leipi||Dt^., 
tiz. Qupd fecoudam Adiutoriainproptcm Aa« 
guftinusddtaitappellare » ^4f^»f§rifumimii$i0^k^, 
^ m^unh* ^uia fuperecat aiiud , •'fen rea feiiaiQiiete 
re divetium , cui id aomen. magis cosvealffftr 
ac omniiib congraerct , pkoptejf attiageiulMl 
xmmediatam utriulqae. . 
- Iftam efTe lcgitimam trimembris illiuf ccfe' 
btis diftinftionis intelligentiam fuAdeturexeo*. 
dem Auguftinocap. 25* ejufdem libri detSnr. 
Chtifti, ubicontraidemdogma PeJagii: ilgsd 
fjjkmns t Dit tffh , ma 5«»i Mginms^ fie habct. IftM 
mitSfmtmsPntfisvfiritfi^m v^^dsfa vtliMk^r. 
fi ksueltquufid^sty f «i iHjHanr in vM | iv«a fiffd^^* 
€nnsffiiottiUktis frtft&mm fed txprimtfts ct^ftrmtUim 
tffeStum, Eodem perrin et , quod docet c. ix. fiae* 
dc c. X 3 . i n it, Sj*n Gr4tU dgitnr , ntnfotmm mtfneitm» 
danovtranm ; verum truun ut tredits dtUgsmm^Et 
rurfus. Simmi dtnans , & ^id a^Mtfeirt ^ fMsd. 
feimntstgirt. Quorum primumcauialitatem mon* 
Je exprimit uuobi^ue Fofterius vero pbyficam 
efficienciam fuperaddit. cum nihiiruperfitaUiid 
quod fuperaddatur. Ncs enim Auguftinus ta«* 
tum contendit , notitiam & fcientiam \ Deo 4a- 
tamtaieiR eiTe, qua prslucente tantum , &al* 
licientc, qnodprofe£^neftgenusquoddam A4« 
jutoriirefpedtu operis , ut diftum eft i retalem, 
qaaad)uvante, adjucotiontique di:tiiifto^pu.^ 
lallluftratione&anicientii, perficiatur opus. 
Xdem cfficaciter fuadetur ex duplici Milevit.lc. 
^«iiiiicaJiiConc.definititae €ontt«^FelagiuiB. 

Mile- 



n*mf€c§r§ 4iiig4mm t 4fW VMUnmJit i •>< 4^ 
Gr. AiauikanumTc/ddcfiiiic, «an. ^!?lrr 

JtfivA iitfMji»nem » & Infiir^ti^nfm fiert\ m9' 
, •r*rt ,&e. fr^ut ^f^rttt A^rt vMlemmtu. S i t 
ommcncarii didindio Ful|rcntii 1. r. ad' 
D.cap.9. Inter velle & wi!er£. Vndt ctyttm 
, mitt Deieje, & mr bonMm ftcere vti^utt &• 
m ftctrtvdharmttt, idudf^aieamw^ ultra rtr-' 

non poiclrdivcIU abcfHcienti^ phvficl, 
rcllatur^propria & nacivl ngnilicandi vi; 

dicatutperperam fuperadditumcne , & 
coUocatum , altcnun diftta^ionis exctc-" 

; Pclt^ium non rcdc cenftituilTc illudip- 
ffi^ cuiplufculum iubveiiiflcpctGratiam 
(t Neque eoim unqaam concclfitdiri no«> 
^ pec Grititm , praeterquam Creationif; 
BCttm JHVtci poi&bilitatem jamanceprz- 
Htm adjiuim altcciu»aliqui rblum faci- 
» iic obfervat intcc atioa Suir. Proler. ;. 
c Auf, c. «. & 14.. ciufd. lib. de G rat. Chri* 



ptseiiillcati^iit. Qnaiidoqaideni tt^ KugnfiU 
Aiif Boa coBcearBS Gntia uatummod b ju vante 
p^k • Gnciam pnterea poftulat conferrBtem 
fi^, Gntiam profeftbadfiiuitaffefentemviiti 
- V^y(ci effeftricem optris Talutaris «^nl com» 
fl^tur infulijcientia pjiyfica noflrz YoluJi* 
tttis. . 

Ad<ie.po(Vreinbtriarrincipia. r. Aftus (^lntt* 
. rese0'einrrinfec^ fupcrnaturalrs . ut oft-enfum 
, ei^quzft.7. 1. Auxilia Gratic a£(ulilis adxqiiat^ 
CDnftit^perlllufirationes, £c Jnfpintioneidi* 
tin«tusimmi(ras, urconftatex^quxfl.ir. f. AAi- 
vitatcm ph/ficam volunraris non fu9?cere i^ ftlfli 
adcliciendds Aclusl'jp::xnXturale5, quod HetaV 
negat y&fatialiquecconficretantiquxdidafanr 
q^uaprt^.. 6. Manifetf um autem. f it his eft Auxilia a- 
^uaiia lilunratibhis , iBe Infpiraiionis d^vimr» 
fhjdcsL-i immcdiatA., iuvare vpluntatem. 

Adi..'Kegatur a^^^us naturaIcsim{eIibi:^fdS| 
Bon tnfiu;rc e'(fcient;'r in aftus delibsr3toinf-< 
turalcs. Nec cfk fR'cpii.r(arium' CQmAfUtiis A'iik4 
liocumfcntentia, ucli^u^t ex Aittlibtibusi^^ 
dicatis ftib in.itiuiil «u^ftiays. Xtaib' 'Fohfelei 
cenret ^enrcntiam^ ^ jie coitamiiiieai , qu« txl« 
buie^-efficientian^ phjfficam aftibas lndellbc- 
ratis \ refpcdu delib^n{brvm> Ad afterad| 
P|robatioiiem in contiacii{JDi| , dicltux : A^«i4 I 
ua.. imunlia 'iadpere ^^ab' imperftfiiorlbot ijfi 
ufttbus , ac pei cos | ttVeiitiir ad «»£11 pelrfcftba» 
rdcUntor M " 



«tque/per nle iavameB reddantar habilca «i 

£' nfimal elEcieada, flcoompeBfetnrpeiiiM 
jBto^amea pars virtiuis, qusdivertitotfa 
BtMoftioBem eocamdem efeftiinm impcdb» 
mmnuDf JBCcaeceflc ^t ttfatainVelnlbbtAAMh» 
^</r«tf ift oac aagU f eiScftjai»» « qos^OAk» 



m 9 ^uun .tftui 4 cUbcr&ti rccubitiiDi fc. 
BCtDiB^fle iMbiuiuni atcuralium , ^um 
pofcvcic-iuiruralccre fQliSi acquc corum 
fe foHs ptoduccrcfoiTuBC» paiirua(l«cfo 
■ftisviribus. 

L. AftusToIuottrfs tam lururalcs, qulm 
ntuffales depend^m ex Tua aacura ncccflk- ^* ". 

inftttxu cogaicioitis , ^ui 4inguotaf.SB'. iy\ 

mhabcut, acc aliunddubere adx<|U4tc |'* 

tt rationem. Tolvntarii iibi c/rcatialcm: }'}' 

tarinmeaim cftabintsinfeco cumcogni- f j i 

idqueeft tUi elTenuale * ricucScopcia- V ] 

itionaii , ut rationalis cOl. Idcm dicitur de 
»cu»aocis, &odiiimicaniiumc(renciaIi- 
cmacioocm, &ne9acionoBiiateLicaua«. 
uiurnodiAiiiitatio cllpKopria «ffcftus re- 
«au& ofileicntif . Ad alccxam probatio« 
^gaitioin sationeimaginis, Sc rcpx<« L.; 

.tationis, fstenecezparte^jedi: Atin 
e-elicieacii , £c pecmoventis Tolumatem» . ^ 



Habirtis nituratcs ^ contnrio funt fuppftbi^es 
pcrirajotcmconatunipotentisnaturtliftjaique 
^(fcbdanc tantunt facilcpoiTe. Quiainabfenti^ 
v^pforuiB pote(V fieri difliculter illud iplum.qttod 
fit fadtiprieCentibusiirdcin. Ratiobujusdilcrt- 
AiiniseifV: qoia perfe&ib hsbftuum KMunKnm 
jbroc^ditcx prxvifs' a^ibus naturalibcir pisccM- 
centis in potr ntia naturali, quT proindeiiecciie 
cft irtin fe prjccofttinear pericaioiiena propriam 
eocum iiabituum.At habituslupernstutales lu« 
bcnt pccfcftioncm fipmediate cemmunicattm 
iD.co9cncquciT)ediat^, ncqueimmcdiac^ptx* 
<i6Dteiirani in potcnriantturali , qus pDofiidc 
nipptcrcnon potcft tA^iTiiatcn)C>orumtiionU* 
iie ad^Aus ctaanabilesab iltis. 

' Ad4. NonubiqneomniaexprimttBturfitfittl 
iratii!>usj fedinteI'timanif8objcdioni« coaii- 
ncturcau'.a!irasformalis,abfqueczcIoiioaeelfi- 
cirntis} (icutinteftiinoniisfupetifisprodu^t^ 
iiobis,tradnur<fif:cicntitph)r(ica,qnincxc]iidt- j 
tut caufalitas formalis^dcintentionalis. llade | 
fiulIacfVdifcrcpauiia (•rumceflimoniorum sn- 
tcrlcauta leorcniia tradita. Pnetcrea AuguAi- 
liuscodcm illO c. 2. de gcih rclag.liibiungit fic: 
MmKifiputm r/7 , ^uU fi tki iiHem mMUum mHtit» ^ 
mMtMm.& m^rtei fUuit ^idvimmtM kvmmm •ftrmimt^ 
SUntem bttMm & vitMm diiiitty .§i0mfi%m V4lamtm 
tdMitt,fiddivmitmt^mtfstmr,Uh\C9 fenfu ■egatHC 
foltm agere yoluiiutcm * dumbcneafic ^ ^po 
f fiusconcedjtur ; folam operari dupi malcapi^ 
Idcbquc ptrt |»hyficx tftiviutit tribuiior Gr«- 
lis: nep^ttsdefvnturvoliiBUtiiiiopcro^oaob 
^ttlm Oeo In aAu, qui malns eft.Ce qua comfi* 
iati«acftttl6poftdkeitirdariM* 




VIIL 



im Gratm A3jMv^ns , ^ C^opf-* 
Hi j fit iQtA Tdth ag^ndi s^m Sm^ 
rmtHTAhs ? 

cTttf «ffe toum raticiitcm. i* Q^b viciH- 
I , voUi|tiiicE4j 1 ^c (laiilii ojinij pr(4J- 

ikpcrutuntia pffip^cf mittutn oatniu^ ' 
I > ritUTD i4cn : i ta tcm r «4 1 em. A t ¥ii t u $^ ^i r 
lUilu^ ^it-cf^iiicoaTciiit TciiyiiUE^ reeuii' 
Et aci^itif imnicdLat^itriiigerci|tud^iH(i| 
ijucajrffoiticf (lifcclitaEcinocJinu A« S|; ' 
pArrioBctn poeentijc iianifilis fclfr^ii ' 

tb^C a^rvtUcciA imnirdi^u^ , ut qui»p 
p * Tt ii k^ , c [ u E a |ii iiii a;i^ ul , ^ |o.^ ^chl ^ 
^<upci(UtQiaiiLjm. , , f.n/i - r.f 

iacipia &Cfequt£lt4 >UTi-nA^at ffi if^c^uiii 
f&ciufa^ftiilii I quia il!i£.iiati hsbiiLs 
[etpefperi^nin rctLtLE; nJtLitl. trj^o fi vOj 
e!retc4Ur« j'itiiilUii.nmtiUvi4^umii Kw*' 
araliuindcUef^DfijrLph c-KJiJirlir^, i^ti^fn^ 
nptincipiA^ reijuihiaaU ii|di i^llcicuiUi^, 
i^u j a u c il i 1 1:^ . q u ^ ijn * d cii y f u d o ^ a i| i^ 
aQilci ; Qiiotutn ivilrceC/CAm^^fiL^c^pi^ ^ 
t« nou i^ ^i^aiiv rjiciaueHLdcbtamr vi^ 
v«iii ^iwi CiijH^UL imm|e'4^^U t^^^i^V 
»•■ ■' >. . •• ^ .M, ■., . ,,.• 



ir4 ^*p9 xviiL 

pareialeniimfnecfiaiainadaAus fafutares, iaei- 
dittiicrcorcmMaililiQnnum ,<(]ustcnus aliquod 
ofxrum Hipcrn^ituraliuvii , & juiliriz («liuum 

rrijDitf p^ufn , fe^ i.iiixima coliocat ia libcto Ax* 
iuio , M paxtim ct>iem , partim Dco & ejM 
OfMiir nf^ah- •pnc Aliutre , SiC mericoriugi^ 
^uod eireremipclagianum., j^cobacur ex Au- 
KV^. Quia fuam iliam sntiqaam fenceRtUms 
iitoivtlijnm » .JUum ejpt vtuit ^ ^n§fim:» , taa- 
ifuam i^iDlpdaj^iairirtniim , retraiiat 1. 1& Be«» 
traft; cap.aj.-ibidemoue d^let ,(e oen fatic olim 
a^onritreele^oi^em Gracitrfecttiiclttm ptopofU 
tum', ^giro(Htori7mtribucndtimfitDeo , cuoi 
ilriberet anrc rxortam^Mefellm Ikkigtaiua» B^ 
rb'Aa^ufthiDs aqtiquam-r«tni rententitci t-iqp 
^^eontinerucbarc*, qruit modbimpaf nasujLaii 
^otcifraadem f efagianirrai. aftqui iokcnca 
mitte ream. IKurftseaf . )£. £n«hif;ad i/mt^ii^ 
f.'i.ad rimplic. q. z. loxfjL^fireila.djocfftidcm 
A lUuifllnui , nonidc^diefr: iU» ^vBhmiint &tm 
^mi ▼ofimm iMtt-ptHeft progrodrfintiUctt» 
hlvia farutisj.n^ilfniliter-drc^-potlits NMroJI 
lyein^fefehtii-^rcy^honHoiscurreotu^ fc «o- 
teofis. Qala G^atit iine' voluntfrte noft pMoA 
edfreoper^ialotaria, urifcipsAnon poflet» 6 
Cr^tiaeflretntiopartialisFai^ndl, licor «oluft- 
tas. Ergo Gratft noaagrr-ftyKiofr poxtitIitcro|Mi 
fOltantate., 'ftdfe fola eft toti raAo«f ondi^. 
' '^: Cireamqdfralin.ll. Viry^Pwmmie^ fin, 
mdti fknt , c^ AiritH aifii \fm gmm» inrtm etrmm \ Sic 
^ondcrat AueniflinHs f9»n Miurunt mti^midete fi^ 
&tMn^Hamfmfflem4ilf4mAD9'iiin^^ctfeimmt, 4jpiart« 
ftt enim #nir ejm^ mm fatt fi4»mmt wtftm mrttm, Ec- 
fo rora virtvs tftiva « & non fofa pattitlui> 
<MifM Pt0. «^ tefPK^ 0||t^«m (^UIuet di* 



litni » id ed , fitpcmxriiutluai, 

ttt^li iaKJncdiAeo AA<»lit^«qiaiiaiaki , ic 
(•fiMVilsxtctWt tiirqiie rlime^aJi». 
c U €09^mAtt Qw\i , f cr cojic«t!aai, < 
Bilji^, 4titoliccrf irnxQc4iitiuD } ^u^Kiftfe 
wbTw^ D«i £c ipfim Giiua, luut qaodi^ 
cdJittftACmttCiiiict victatUtAivx itiiagc%^ 
itAum pccfciplAmi auflui» pfoifoiiiJrii^ 
9e tm difcf An«A . cfio quoad ftlift qii^ mi^ 
di^raai lAtcrfc. f fat>«Eur t. C4 ip& tatio- 
mi X ad j QM tis f oJ nii latcm , Itc o«pctaft- 
kluitau ; qiix4a«acfftibit(*cc^Dfc«iic GM- 
e^r4n noflii , c£| «crtmit ci| &4«* Rl 1|- 
c«^ac1l i^, Eadcdk TCij» avBffkopctc fiif * 
tilemiedti* prttpolits, c^lJigicMf ur^ai* 
^tvAUf LjliiioAO&unom loco; Aodi^l^i 
kfccc»t. vet. fltreM. c. l. ft«. Ifccd^«i<' 
#4»rrc dc-eoofrcnTtonefiiftitix) jUvwlv 

m^MjScmt iff i^diim i*ft «/dc^ipi ^f . E 1 1 r . 4 , i a |;* 
famfi COL. 4..CQctt f rzTUtif^tt; Tmmejnfmu^ 
mk^id ^tiwitt^it iit* ^ftbi dijf Ard tri^9 md m m 
ukdit immi^iUtt .' fitkc*i. ^fm^rmtmJit 
id^« MmmJI mtkit ^* fHnitJt iBt md^mKmtf 
iflctatiiuc t . quoddi^litdiUttd Pfalin^il. 
mmmtt Otm. Cmm^r» > ait m^ttw*t***t vm^m. 
tgfmmttfiOrmtfjt ^•«.f#f**lJ*fn*« *jfrfr*r™»)*. 
ni^ mdjm^mimr , miiqmid^tdm ptr ftiffmm ^tf, 
1$ id'?i» fto equitue fcm-f|>dc veJrbit A^ 
profiai id [^cd. qultn a4 fiactn * circi tf^ 

■ * 4 #* 



17^ 9^ xrmi. t 

rirmitmmDii» ^minsfit^ ^mHm* ^tdjmivr tfi\ift 
fkmii0mm^4fmi9Hifr4tfiHkii Hki». fummt tmf0s^ 



UfBi^m^t Ffniov t ' Mmi #»mi mikiHttfHih » Jfim^ 

mt^jpmm 'm-Mwmtmmmm^tmmmw^ftmm^^jBimmi tmmimt^ 



■Mgjfmiit ..H imtm mmms ft Pm n w^iit-^mikii* 
■immB luqmhn9^nilbm»t vivid» iclkciU 
fbDdcnclfiibb-fiuicproftopp f fofofic*» 
f ianr -noittm votancttif ccMai odiilci » •< 
vb]t«catcaiemnaliqnldtoaaci« ^iilcjic 
Vccviiicoc UfUi ftliquid nof^fCffc volaattc^ 
^nodperiotfc cft , ncqnc vojfantnccin cCc i^ 
'ttboiftinaf i nojvalionid pernos ipfiii nfCMb. 
&i»fe«IUiiici»o tMihBk a4dicilifut4 fii|i* 
iSl» 6HftHts nosjifcfc ntcuaiqifte 9 fcnfiiff» 
i]|;cffru()priiicipi«fl»^o«4caanini. PiattCffin mT 
afe>fc|..fciicicc> ac pffOfrietate« ^afiaw» 
ftulloifnctoinffccatrani^edifcfinrinc» ipfboi» 
fGic nomen Ad^atorii » uci^nepiout Tulf^ t9mh> 
■ittnifimi accipitnc, fnccfibefc, qnia 8c nof 
ipfi itiauidigiinus. QukI iuietn nomeii Atfinto- 
»i pc aripribat , abrolnii^ cooccpcm> ditMynU 
nci ufn Ikdle quilyit coUlf ic pco ce p ff o p o l ^ 

▼idcci pmerea potcft Aafnftiwit ftfm. -^ 

^di vcrb. Dom. c. 7* Vidcndui ?cr6 bmnino ti$ 

S^li|jl49.in qaiCumnibtiifiCiUnd» quamoc 

lefellar Pclaf inm (bp f crcfif em Dfmctfiidi yiN 

f iaitif if donatD non nifi in ipsfl, & cx ipia Dc«' 

mctfladc«£0 > fubdit panlb poft medinm : itsk- 

ttfittimm-tm MU( Dcmetriadc ) fnfttr^^ttititmm 

frtfrimm , fimt fmi msm ^fttmmttr btmmm : mmimmmm 

/pfv^li' (Peiifiui) datit^ M[^4«irif«/ldemdoccc 

' panlopoft de conrinentia Salomonii* iciliccCi 

^tifttT fcipipniw ^^rmtrmm ^frtfmtms ■» mimmmmttim^ 

^ti9ti§, mtft immm wif.in il* |tH||kv t%vW ec^ 



ide^ q uc ccac c4;cu r c jf □ obis tiiwa e ftlr > co ir?n 

^>4eG^a:. &:Jib. Arb.pfo|>- fin. ^cnp^f+.polt 
mit. tHiidiffm^ns eontra Febgia^a.n ArbuftJ 
fli ^ cl r n t i ft :d A i c ' Stm trftji i sjlr^f m r tSt^rti/tf^ m 
ttis!>ttfffit e^Dei d*fm ca^ntfcjrrtitf ^ ttnt fjjft fi^r^^^* 
4Am/f^Amfittt€»ttmm&ji^fm afn ffehhttilm^ramm*^ 
^f 4r^>rrfj.£r^t> feb^iui iiqo crrjviL quai^nuia- 

fno^ii v&tuticitria «gctKC^n inimLdUte optm 
9»! tcd qLiaieniis cool^iiyit T4ie iipifi 3g"!i 
£e iall ; &a^>^nieaifioD ag?>,i:cGi;itil. Coii.o- 
iiit hiicipur'7. dc^Jt^ 5c Gt^t, coDtineQi i^- 
pr«lieiiiIo!)^[ti df^ogAntiz ^ f 44 »rf i inquit,/^* 

Aususim.uediatus/ u^pacct^ 

AcCv^-dit Augail. D. Tbonias mulvrphci»' 
tct figniacans * & Cx{)t a!}irmans paitialv?m 
Roftcz ygjuiuatisiafiukuix) iinmcdiatnrn ad r>. 
pera istu^&na. .^uiiatar locus illiK^trr^ , e?^. 
quac Uoa.2 7.d£ yericair. 4.adi2. Dicenditmiji*»d 
C4 iifiutiiltt d'Jpoi£niaft ^i OrAtUm vtr:»te prtpriM 
kiti:irm : S*J(ra'7t:nta AmUin virt^tt divina^ ttt 
tfMs mjfru^ninu, Ubi 'habc^tor Aniina agens ut 
f*ai , undc coavcnit cuni Satia.^cntis j vir^ 
iMf^ pr^pnu -tiutnrk k tanquim pcincipio flw»', 
jnd.-. dilTjdct ab \\(dz<\ , Otfbtjt^ffnem Ud' Gra- 
M"* , q^uim CiTe opcxationciu faluax*;!» , iw 
aperQaiuratcui 1 nefas cft ncgate : Land«fm 
iti^fi^tlajictii , ak j, 2, qaxAioit. ,1^9. ^^^ 



17» ' Si}*p9 ^w/. 

tic. <J. ad 4.^. Kemmem facrrt ptr LHnfmfn *Airitj 
Trmm] ftti4 v«tMntarii agetif ffr fe Aiit. v^am ra* 
^oii^m.adhibececiaiii. i.p.q. zy. a. X. c 8c alibi.' 
Abiiud^aucem di3erccur[>rlnbiptuix«'f»«4<agcc«i 
P^r pfincipium ^M^frzciscntrale. Erg#Ltbe^ 
fum Arbitcium cil vikus» & rario agcudi ut fMb 
Peniquecademi a.q. 114.3 ^c. de^. 24*^cleirc- 
Xtt. quxclJtdeLibejro Aibirrio, art.14.ad t.ait: 
x^^m m'rit9ri«t , <9* •yfirvati^ntm fkfsrfnUurMtm 
mjtm^tUarmm Jt^ri fȤsd jUb/fan'tuimper^Li^n^m ^w^ 
kiitsmM , fy§jul modttm perGrktmm» (^uae teaccii- 
tia.deruiinptaci^ejiBein]rdD Ub.dc Gnr.&Lib. 
Aib.co]. 5. k«cc autem partitio fbrmalitatuoi 
BuIIuin babct Iocum,ut patet, ubinoaaHfuiit^ 
du9parr;a}cs virtucesa|;caceSf u? qM§,. 

Iklajas pfobationis pondu^ ducitur exCoaci^ 

li^ Tcid.reff.d. cap. f. ubi prxntrric. «^AMiRr 

d^'^on» per meitimttm . & ad/muMntfmGritlUm 3 «^ 

fonuertendum /iad fkamiffof»m fnJfi/fcntianiMihkt» 

rijtff:tftiend0j&e^§per*nJ§Grati4t £t mox.ubjun- 

fdt* ItA ut tan^entc De§ c§r b§min» ptrSptritmSanMi 

uUtmMsitienem , ne^ue h§rno tpfi nihil otttninh ^4t» m-' 

^kfatienfmilUmrecipitns. Ec poilea conciadic. Vm» 

d§jM facri§Jjt§rsi4;Mm.iicitJUF, C§nvirtemtni si mt^^ • 

t^§ convertarad v§s • Ub§rtattrn§ftra aimonemHr.Oem 

nj^ondertfm. Convertenet, D§n$ine , &canvert€mmf%- 

iJDeimj Grntia pravemri con/ittmng, Fo.^tdc primd^ 

^uod cll huic ccllimonio cum aliis innumfris 

tto^jimune, Gratiiexcitarr,adiuTarc, coopcra^i, 

tangere & iilumtnare cor homiait. I7t quid aucl 

•^citaretur raogcretur^s illuminaretur pcinci- 

]^ium,<3uantumeitdcierempi'rh«rttrum. nihil« 

i|ue collacuru n de (uo l. Et qua propjrietace dici 

jr<7i72r<%rJd;uvariai^i.exfe /acicns, ffccoopcra«« 



~ 0i ^«M. M, ^r^ 

I fimtUt locQtio nftitpjiriibeqqii^ain) pot« 
r«c cAim dicECiirt Aiftia i pHi coopeCAtut^ 
rodtirtnticdtottni. PArciciiti tciv • itmmtg 
^tutzd ttfiicAndnm mmdamw qnm Ctkf^^ 
Dnrcnitlioiiici, i4co<)uc »d fuftemldt^ 
liqtiid ntioQSpditci|)jif^i ^k^zHmia- 
mfcrecAtpj-KAippofira maiiife^c , ac^iM 
uam fQpcrtildJ ultcriu» potcrat. pr^fi mp» 
n a^tadi «r 9«#« Fcisdc tcrtrdi cxi|«Aia ^ 
dui;^ i^uant^m €f rt , dk] Sc cogiuri fOiK 
lu fatita ccm attribMi hlXniiti 1 Comci li o p<t ^ 
rcgatiDnrs. du^dJciciir, w^ffMmrhiitm^ - 
rt hntixem iffmm i id eH « ati(^ii'd <,' lcd ^4^ ' 
m cxifuumi ac fcr* BihiJ» lli« cnitii tigAi-' ' 
iniodospcrfcmffrti «'"fpriofiCf «Jutpail ' 
kto figtiifi.aji^a tCDUiHtiDi ^iBrmodicii^ 
cprarlerrim adjungcndb Ttf*-p*»J* Libe- - 
LEtcin AiMrTiiim ii> rationt^piiutipii fa#4 ^' 
^ljm^fit noR 119 htl Oiiininoj j'cd totiiw ^ 
ib agtc, otCilin confcnbapndomr^s. fit** 
►Cfo Arbitrc a^i^crJtjHur pixtcffeaAftiTt- - 
itia^JsixQmcdi^ta «f^»«. Su5 qsa tattoofl^ ' 
a fxt tcnniras . & quim pc»p«-»ibiUliX»ir'- 
kfbirtio faulo po!^c!aria«appafcbU. teJir - 
•^rcfniifiiicntrpnem ConciUI iniDocapi^- 
T^damnarecrrorcs eiiist€mporij»i8ppfii?' 
in cl^r:m tc Dv;i^or*^5Gatholic©r 5 %«i ^ 
bant contfa iltos. N>otf»tn aiiMtxl p«^** 
t , «i fot^m at itibuiiTcf *»«W Aibiti» ^ 
«»111 piihci^pii fo^ • Qitth*^**«<^ • •aerl^ir * 



,\. 



Uci. Q^o^^ffiulut attturaae partis ceMnoMl 
dcnioniiEaiic Montoya diip. 20. de Fi«deiL.>rc4* 
^^cKipald. dilp. ao. de £*ntc fupern. Mt» zu . 
- <-Toccaoci(i|tte Auftofitatibus«ncillat4ia.ffoci0 
tteod qnoqot A obftuft. Aftibus (aluca^ibM %L 
^ipeffantuxalibus cooveninntprsdicau qosdtm 
fommniiniplia , com tAibasnainialibua^^un* 
'ftena ezifcncibttsodii imoiedinti^ voUnnU: 
i^^ucdtai veioalia convcniunc, ouibus ezcednnt 
MfuicmtdttttmBttniaUumperh;<lionem. Ez^q 
•i^§ta% fnlvcnact» tc. (apcinaturalcs poftuknt o- 
fhi «qoi immeditcii voluntate & Gratia. Patct 
Conroquratia quiacffedus habentes prsdicttt 
•foftuiantia d<«crmioacc-exooncepcu fuo pdnci- 
^maliqnod inftaeot in ip£iiinnicdiatc,fl»r^««, 
nbn poiTunc aon poftularf idem principi.um eo- 
dcmmodor ficttt iubtutcs a!iauUcxiusprxdl- 
-«im , noi» contcnta formalitcrin codcm prio- 
cipio , poftttlantncceSiario iimultanc-am alcc- 
fius prasterca campcincipii inAueniiam imme- 
diatami«/f»0. Probaxuiancccedtns primo. s^uja 
utriufquc gcneris Actibuscoinmunia func eite 
a5kam vitalem , tcadentiam inteationa.lcin , af- 
aenfum , vcl diC-nfums amorem « vcl odiMaii 
snencaleaicompofitionem, autdiviilonemi a- 
^ioncm voluncariam , elcdivam , Stc- Hxc 
aarem Pr.'cdicaxarii6L,&non3lia, ratione quo- 
twsi poftulat a^us aacuralesimmediacame^na- 
attjonem i tfolaaraic a^ente Ht^M^, Secunda', 
^a ,. A^usnatutales toia Hiaperre-^ionecon* 
oeniunrcuavfup^nataralibas , folaqueimpec- 
Mioae differunc tb iifdcmi nempe Ordo (u- 
pornttnnlisinftitotatcH» non utboao catcac 
jJioat 4»Qi&dio|ie iibt coanatartli i fed uc ia 
*MMS€m ^ ac A&i9UA UUa ^ccfc^ionem. 



C*tiiniutaniio pr^cficj Ud fttpfntMea^o 

aEJmnicdijLUm vcluuram lEitluifuiD ff^ 

ifjddicer ulhti cit foriualkvf > nulluniqut 
jdr h^bci p;jncipiuni aut c*u-am Ltifctlct 
enicm in »|f ajiij Hrd laututti tndif'^^ 
:nui it>\e^irah\l[Uf mril pc jffftioni po»- 
Hi difetVr iaiiucnFiain cjkij'7 mcendL^atit ^ 
I per i>. Coui r.wnc igriuft^ft. Ati»b«iftlr 
»mr*J:b4*, ^ natu:aljfctj;j ii, nttonc cu^ 
ckaytiAanUi t^rcmUUt^T pofluUncofiii^ 
cidiiu ^ Y olUiitjtcr i t^nqQ-^ny i vttt\xtt t<. ta^ 
jj^Fudi nrifur sc proji dea^l^us ruam lu^ 
ariiratcs iJipluh^i ^qor eflTt TiiinJitT pol^tw 

Tcrtici, U<ic ipccUNtEfr coiis^iiiri- ci^ >IK 
|uc e rcJi^isrr.cbt^as inoili^bLfs, ot fLtu U~ 
clvCtiGtiit. t icil:ioiit3«iCRi titKtac, ui ta*^ 
itnrCcniiiilc cil ortrt uTimedfSifi: h fOtCn^ 
nmjlit^c tleciivaj qiijlis c t jqla voiuinai ■ 
nGcatia^ q\ix nifn»riim id alicram pat^ 

quat nialacft , i.ifta^rc nequiti ^aa.nei?. 
alceftffFcctui rupcrnatifrali oriri in)'.)tfdia«* 
au^a tupeinauirilii viliont a po^?ntia vii?- 
luditioni ab auditiva, hc. UiidcAu^ufti^ 
ubique actxibuit voluntati tanqnani fu6 
:ipio formati rationem libtrsc cleftioiii* 
rtam in aftibus fupcrnaturalibus > v. ^\ 
34 de SiMr. ?< lit. Ctfnftnttre^ vct non<»nftn^ 
nt^rU vtlHnt.itU cFf. cap 3. de Grar,- 8c 

Arbit. VeUe & noUe fr$prU vo/s*ntata' elT, 
l. dc peccar. mer. 6c rcm^ff. cap. zz. Vt 
'fdat , tUe ficH crecUt tjnoi efi proprU voinnt^ 
i\ ratione u:if]uc iibcr.Te eletUonis , quaiia 
K f«;«i»4us logucjidi Au^uftini , 6i Uce^uA 



tn iUis Iseis t^ebat, acqDC hocip(um QfiftfHf^ 
ubiquc , uc principium pec fenotum, quale M* 
jiinooiK 

Acccdit validum argumenrum ^ paritate ad"'- 
iiopniocm. Quamam elevaotur aftus fuperMta* 
jalesuUtaperf.*^ionem aftus oaturaUshoneilL'- 
iintumdem infra candcm denvictuntur a^hu 
pcccamiooil 6c quantym naturalisperfc^io vo- 
Jttntatisdi(ht a perft^iooe ^ropria ortfinis fn*' 
pcrnatur^Us : tafKttmdcro , utminimom, diftar 
lao^icasinfinica Di^ ^m^Utii,' 8e iniquiuteno- 
Ari a&us mall Ac non ohtiante il\l imperfcfttdr 
»r, U. kic diftanril, induit Dleus immcdiac^ 
p.erfuam omnipoteiiti«m , tanquam pcrratio- 
jiciDagendi, «r^. adtotambDniratcmphj4« 
cam & cntitatcm.a^uum noftrorum , qoi pmU 
iunc, qMod eft^-inditbitaiam apud Advcrfi.rios 
fci^^.cnti^ , qujrk.nobis defenditur. Ergonoflr 
ob4^ants il}& perf^fitone , ^hac aliidillantiii, 
.po ett infljiere Voluntas tanqu)imratio imme- 
diaca ag endi «f ip^> ad afius fifpermitiiralet, 
fccundum pcrfe^ionem & przc(icacaipfis cpm* 
miinia cum a^ibus natnralibus. Confifmatof.- 
Q^iaucut dicitpx de adibus fupcrnaturalibus: 
^ m m d m mm pt rfcStAm dtfMrfitm efi ', ptn^ «17 ^ ^f 
9Mtmr , li^n ffi wUntU , w^t cHrrtnik : Ira etiam ' 
dtri C4I f : PerAtt» m^ (fxtf. : V^* fx. P^itrf Dt^hh ijtiti 
Uatupifc4ttUA CArnij , tq^tuptffntid §cmUri»m , <^ * 
JkptritnMfM, ncB»:f BtUre» fU txmmidte^f. £rgo " 
^cuc Ron obftancibusi ^is potlerioribus rcQinvOr^ 
»isadrcribicurD?oindn;KUsimmrdiatuspar:i;^- 
|isina:^a 1 , qui m^luseft, quatenus is hab^r 
l|onitatt>m a^i^iiam phyficam , itque Deusc$ - 
p.rincipiuiii toriusomnino boniia is Itaeij>ni 
Adkiib€nd^»4A.y 9iiatiiUimma«XiUifluius im. 



rJCxxkaioncs 1 habtuiqti^ alra cradtca- 
;ommtmorj[a , perErti -'ntia [^fO^ilc^a^ 

io hujiis pariratistfxFuJg, Jib i^adMo. 

f» i I, 5''- »t CQmpttit £>cr j «//if «*/* /trftf / »- 

m*^: &CI Hifiirio-Cn ^JalTn*ii«. £/?#:*#* 
Uat^nendiMDea ntJtniu , ftd tmftdirtidi m rt9m 

rxiYit u t riq ue A ugu fiinu^ 1 tb* i. d f pee^r 

frvm fii^ (^/j*f f/l veii^ni^ : ^ti^iAiHtm 
nos fBttvertimtiJ ttifi fx i^fi fxc* fdnff ^ ^ ^d^ 

rvstidiiiu c(^ 9(xauooc liujus irgurrectl 
lui ^trerfari noilr^, o Tiniuuiquc Sea* 
I EcTii.=QlO£^Qmm S^ci^tatt^, £tliattim- 

rf^probiuin kortj.^ijm Aureofi» & Bic- 
f^fib"!! mm volunrari totam raiionci^ 

aciQftii.eiidiin a&tis etnRCs (altttar«'s/£c 
ntiuin^G^a^is tum a^iiali , tum habi- 
ani caii(alirarcm formalem , ac irora- 
i^ih^ententiamattribaentiam foH Gra* 
n tat^im^m ag^ndi , uc qoo. Qiiia nos 
nsattcibmmusaftivitati phyiic* Gratiac • 
Civiiati partiali voluntatis ^ quandoquU 
ibuimus volunca^i ea b!a prxdicata pcf 
sfupcTrnatural s convcniunt cutn afti- 
raJibus: Griitix vcro toturn exceflfum, 
s up-in^iarales naturalibus praccnJlunt; 
m cxc« jfus caa i i n^^t i n :i c a n 1 1 1 'n per- 

fnultb majofcmsi q u.n prsdicata ilU * 
iaorimi naturali 5t iiprnacurali. Hj?C 
g-iual&us-i hpc f^^a duUibuta fonn»- 



114 SjuJI» Xtrnt. 

!i|Lrr, cA in'pri6ii^ coafoYtnis AnreItiiO'cap. f.' 
CroQCOc^iaecol}.ai.entt; Nentfeqk^znvtrtMMc rc» 
^itndOAfirvetMr'^r&kirMm K/irifitriftm i titnumem 
t(t Tdnttnm tmft$fMdMm libev ^Arbitri^ , ^iuMimm 
GVati^ i cumh*€&c. Eadcm dfindc iaiinuatiir 
«IpreiSottc maniftsiU « \ Concil. Tiid. Sca D. 
^uguTtiaoinlocisrupraindicatifl, quaienaa di-- 
«11 nr. Vtx iffi atiqmU 4i^ere tHteUi^itmf : & A#m# if^ 
nmnihtl emuino mffi, Quc deprclfioaesk li.i»iM-' 
i>oaes congruunt-oprime aftiritati paxtiaH at* 
4410 libctt Atbitrii, imoiedi^ti quidcm , fed' 
d^ibililiimeiniiuentii: .Cuni accommodatiittfi" 
ab iirde nequcant iubdantiz hominis » atqoc 
r;us Arbiirio prxcise quatenus eft pcinctpinm- 
quod.QuiaQjb iiacsationeprincipii corrCipQa* 
dentipli adkus fuperiraturalcs xqiftlicer «juoid' 
fe naia fuaprsdicata&formalicat^^s ,'utcuai|tie* 
comideraras.Obiixc igitur omnia, contlanrirF' 
time renendum eil, libernm arbitrium Gracrft 
•4)avanti, 6:cooperanticoagere, &cooperaft 
parrtaUinfluxu immediato« ut nooijt Graria 
J>cifoIa9 ncchomoielusj M Crjilacumho* 
iskific, utaicO. Paulus, quxo|^eratur (atutetny 
^perducitin vium xternam. 

Adi.Eaobje^io, fiquidconvisceret; evet- 
lerct fandiciis onmem platium caafaf um partia-- 
^iumconduxum refp;^ucd'cdusccalicerindivi«' 
(ibilis. v^iainquoltbt-t cjulmoJi cfFcitu , pr.e«" 
dicjcum tocmaliter carrcfpondeus ur.i CuiHbct 
ca<uix^arcialieiUdcniincatun realitercu.TiprJi. 
dicicis, lux corrcfpond-nc formaliicr cstoris 
^iutis ptkkciilibus. Undc retorquecur argu^ 
W-^^icuincadcm vi concra Adv?r'irio$i E:'t7i-^ 
tatis> Vo.UDCiria, Libcra, Elc^liva, quorum' 
P*adJfCJ*i['^a:t 1:1 fc VKtus aitita ,' qumscr^t. 



If convenit Gi3.i\x* Diciriif trgai pt^Teif* 

SrMiakm non paftc f> fbb attrn^frr rjuiit- 

|0ioruprraAt&f4!i. iJnpropnnro^ <}if«rA- 

tii«»[i4i9aiiMi' rci^uilitaad aduifapfnitf- 
I ^ M<rntaciiciJil<»fi poflc ridctn illtcocz^ 
bff: ^m^ utdidt Ajagnft. c2p.5' ^cPr** 

'm ntMttm , 2i*i »tm ^if h*m isnm : iJdttre d»t*m 
f^tm.idm§4»m h^ib*r4 Ch^rk^Tfm j tSfdttm fj^jf* 
\f KcmpcToluQra£pt«ptecfuam unjrerfrf- 
Ift ^, ^tti diitcndiiBrad rjti^tiein Emi^r «ft 
^Uf a<f.oos&c5fmx4iCffeflria9| f^su siAa 
Stadcasi ^ux/uttcrijp«fiiattiule» c^ pu» 
IfoAiiB. f fl AiitCBl txtt &tii niiuifcfl^uaij 
foprerea pocmtltnx «li^u^mcfl^e iticipg^ 
niluTUi iiAmtdiiii in iliqucm rffe^utn; 
cguit iMuu) produccre feibU ^ rcdp«^e ' 
tf topertionem in lf):i.i prlm o ptOTim »1«. 
&JiCtiji» cfTcdu» cv adjunflo fiii coiit. 
fio» quonondntn hibitOj noa tttbcbtc 
ftiotiem , tilfj iaAdj^lU90rciti»tO. Hdg 
|propi>itio]iabilii, tieet aoa propojiicr* 
roxime, Quod £militct dlcftfit Adtr^TfstH 
ceildrAntm^ eouQdtrata, qtiitcfia^cfk 
pilttt^fP^c Ja di]um f^i pcmaturaliuiP .Ne q xiit 
pjOf e ft txt J< c tc pOTC irt t i p toxi m I g ^ n ui 
cmrfttititis Si pcincipii , nondum hsbiH 
efupctDatiitili agendi ^pcrqu^ni tediiirut 
: eiUm proportioniri» cum cM fe non tf- 
iproporcionibilli mutiiii], 
ft. Dcbentui<|iiidcBi euilibetcaur]* p»rtli^ 
li e« m pdnciptt , U »g n j £0 j £a e cj u i but 



.11« A^^^ xirui. 

Bequft txtxecze totam fuam adivitatrm « h 

co:¥)mtinicare cfve£libus toram pcifed^ioaem 

conci:ntam in ipsa.. At.qae ad neucrum hoimm 

Brcefftria funt s Ccd felum niDcnddiuitSff a4 

dAodam.cffe^ibus maioiem petKAieMfliiqwa 

^ttacpBtiacturincademcau&puiiftUi «c^i 

^uamcidem dcbentut einttiuirci; f * "^" 

Bo^ratuitoi!!tadiiciantur. '^^nttlu 

l^axtialis nen C\t poiitApcrpeiim kireni 

ciur<l&mf)ue cxigcntiaB iaMcat • tc ptap«fCiMl 

^«fi-inrccjLrausfitttdatqutt^, (kfficit» ntptM 

iiiod pria>um : ldco<fne hoc fcciiBdna , «!€••• 

^cdatur « pcrttnci td beaiteeatiaai M Mfl 

.grar;ii>ram. VoluntM twiemcscrcet fMamMup 

•aivitaicm, Actaouii pcrleftioacm ccateMOI 

ioipiacoiBmaaicttcffeAtbit prodacca^aialil 

^utiittaialcs.lltmiatAibai Htpcfiitttuttibil 

^ditcitarprstcret perfeftiotfiqpt miivmt aoa* 

icam ia ▼ojantttc. Aliti CBim ruperntiaiilcc 

|MNi fbrenr. Erga Mhm td aftus naiuraict , aoa 

iperpfldrapeeaacui^tJcs dcbentur voluaitti aia- 

a*t>compriac^ia IrrrqQifiti , lictt atttraiiqM 

AfecaaltimmeditM. offiM. 

■iacfir* ttlTolantti dumclieittftM iMC- 
aaturtlcs» diucar «|tre per potcntiam mc- 
dicorialemi perporeatitm fer4aaturtlem,dam 
cticiraAusattttralct.¥^inat6biiattttmlet elicil 
tgcndo inrc Yclttt (iio »6tcttm comprittcipiii fl - 
biomniabdcbicif : SttpccntcuralciYcrbpracltl 
quateausrubcilgrttioui & pur^ iibcaliTalMI- 
i^ti 3c providencia Dcielevtatis iiomltci^ alm 
condicionem Ais Mttars pcr tttiilit^ ror(Uftia* 
dehitai E(loutrobiY]arficetdetn cntttatlTl, tC ; 
flCiititcsvittusaAm Volunucis* rolamque.ec* 
MinOiet.z^ cflaiifmlld ^imrt. Siaili rttioi^i 



xKn«oiM4«j4vcK jrxwccaiiiKoiaiicaiccT- 

kvutitHiCK folto ptrtialinucL catffiri 
nilUprKilicAta coitiinuiria aki^ibiisniu 
Se fupeniariizaHbus extflvnt u 8tcaf» 
tttBca^is,ob rationem daram : cufus px«. 
ism cft«capi3dicatarx^qui voJuntateai 
«ptcGiatia , cum fu^^ernaturalitas »• 
jf Cfim fbp.eroatunifitate€6nYertui]tnr« 
riiifiij&ezigrntia Gxatix. neceacibk 
ipo0Lnr« Und'? ▼italicasa^s fupernft* 
ui.vitalitas cQ (brinaliter 2c p.rarcisc ne» 
naturalis eft, neque naturalisdctermU 
Ipizfciadens ab urrai|uei(la difivere»» 
n«ft jatio dc liniihbuspraBdicacts. 
^QSLntum dillet noDtj fcntcntixA cot9 
a|;ii t ideoquefca SeniipeIagiani.'m<H 
iniHQ conformis Auguftin4[> : conAac 
clari ex fuperiorfbus probationibua 
sTcitfm $*. Kii#ri^r«rf rt4, Sentcntia^^uc 
r<jeiJib. Ketraftation>um,noa hab- tur 
n proptiis terminis,habetu& tamen a* 



>|S S^ftfiU XFJit. 

irerbis. V*riim tffqmidewtt fidMiem rtinU » ^#7 

trt^m^i^ip^^Meii j tj^Uifft^rdfiiratmlmnustem: Bf 

^frMm^ m§firMm,^ fitU n9n fif nlfi vtleBthtas mUit, 

ferllat exyo ^olk recradtioaein. 8c per eanieai 

coafir nacur fencencu « pro ■oli& citau lape- 

riusi qubd opus iAltKars ica (|c Dei. fcQnii» 

cfus» qr lioittl fic noflruai , ioIttmqttedKj^licct 

^ugaflino difeimiCB » ^uoai hot inter Msin» 

ICalia opeca robleqoeatia , qtio rceedlc i Seai* 

•etagiantCno • in qaem antcik incldcrat • atfti* 

Eiueado fiie.n (oJilibcro Arbic^io, foto ejcte*= 

riotivocacioae prxmunttorOpera f cr6 lirble*' 

^utt^iU (rratix finjql & tiisio ArbirrSy) ^4^^' 

iffum pccifi^ cot9 <llo C2.fkiti I^O^ieft*, iirbir 

t{«cali^<i. qukm*ac coa*Irriicenodypii-ftili(cn* 

ci«m, ^cJbibiftiai>idcbcocu<n(rfrj D^ *\u^:lu^ 

l^em • Jncc uHam^prxritsn conacum filiiiareai' 

habemus, auc haberc poTuinus • nifi prxr^- 

liienteDfi G/ariauc.yclimuf « Sccredafnns» el«' 

detnqae rabieqiicace ycprzilemusquod volse- 

fiouis, Ou quodvoli|u.in a.i^^bi^^^^^c^^^'^ 

fueric, in toiclo'coavcriii;»:iis'ai fidsnf'^ lcill^ 

cec ?ra ragere, & fcmpcrbiiac^vivere,' qfa^eA* 

icsvoltta in.iaicio converGo;Hs , nt ipfe Augu*^ 

ftiiiu»ca(>Qnic clar^ .aonfatisobrervatus^ fio.-i-' 

nHllis, du'.udtcicL-b. I. adSimpL qnxft. s. t/-* 

4y3».nqme Umen n»fir»m *^* , 9«i4 utrnm^t , ntmyt «^ 

^Jimm y & qugiviij*rrtmnt fVoIitiO, tfi r^CS voJ 

iiU )'^'rficm:%t'Hr Mi/lrf vtlmntAt*. Patetr^irttrfoJI 

^Hmu jirplicere Auguftlno , fua^ii anriquam ^rro^ 

i.neain parciciQaem operum , qua fides, & prirt) e^ 

faboaa defideria ibiaadicriberfncurroluiirari;- * 

Jb!i ^er > GcacLj; ulccrior opcrum lilucirium^ 

^fo^re/Tus, ii.quo rcnlupacnalicatis, &',diviG04 



Mlatisc^ximcn^k f jTxvcntione t nccclTiTii- 

$us^', tcftitui quidcm IfgirSm^do^lrir^t 
kini* Citc^ di^ct^inhm i\i^ti,m propols- 
t^ ctoflUtim ^ fed n oo rcfc/i u r ^c^l i tn>< u^ 
ibefuaataJrcn jJi^rum vcriftcciui, aftem^ 
enficeilirt RttioneniJiaioqucdircfiaiJaJt 
k<)iiirn tcYocAt AuguBiniis in «^ivltateoi 
tJo|]ctti ^eQ Ji ^oji ti taiiz cOF} v«n i r&tcig » 
^tkaiisw quificin ycl Icvtcer t fif djii pf^^ 
<|oc*n Yotunuiji pricftitaip i folo Dcd» 
rt , ^uj. dc Givtii piievciiicRtcdiila ruo^ 
. i<* <^uia rdlicet pfTpAratyt Talbtititlt 
no , rorarionequccjl 1ecLinJuinpiO|^oS-^ 
c I ; <) Hc f r^pt i^uo iiOB eHln no(lri pore-. 
c^dcmqiac ptmil^poGii^ peo » r^oiip*!- 
inon confcarire £t bcne o^ci^ri tn fconc 
;>ficoprcipodti divLn)» £4 viic^rloiif£,quiti]^ 
bfhntiseitlroi ^iopoSio., Qux tftopriitit 
Jicendi; iimtf^iUntu^ ntfttttMfrrKrif\ftd 
jUiUti^ urpoie prxvrnicniis » diniiiin^fli* 
Aw\ t f.inM tq u 1 1 fii Gic i teipTKpa nt^ c i ^ Q.L)ii 
libU^lmi^e pijifitc vi?lunta& icfprflvi y sut 
Griti^ ^ 4UI pimpititiontt ac mircricor^ 
^ f aitc QQtt potlc rimil^L^^ ^'^''^^^^^T 
♦il mifircniijilici, ftfd honiini5 vokntift 
funtii. Hoc iMtctu lotuni nitiij prorfut 
ifo afl^ivitatc paniafi, i^t toiali Gistir, 
n fr^pirttio £at atite oinnrm tflicico- 
I % Hctm C*» ii Jr ^f f IW 3 ID t j u i g oM- 



19« Stif^fi*» xnti. 

nam>8orpecia!iter bencficim initifioseta. Otiite 
in ccmo^ortct integce lcgetc 1'oca in obje^o-^ 
ne cirata; fcd maxiine Zocum ilfumadSinipIi-t 
cianum, quodffteiaiifGoEPvmprolegitimitaie»' 
&fiBcecirit%ii'dftt2xefp(ynfioilis.^ . .. •• 

Ad4. Tcftimoalamllludtirpnefti^^^rsGNi^ 
ti. Qjiia AuguflfijDUS jn liHs terbi^ lo^tinu4ie 
C<xlis mateiriaUbus ; * & Vhtmum actipi%<tf tepi» 
t6bivitate efficiekti ,'ied pro forlidttate, qnaki 
it fttbfiftttnt, nt pat^t ercoatextu. CamTcco 
pofte^ ab illis vetbis : hatnm txciftit iMk Orfiri 
^rcflituf ad accommodatioirem tcfpe^hi Apo- 
ftoiorum.pcx. Allcfgbnaibt Oolftm dbcet liAu 
f ^n ti4m M ; & a&ifAtn ntiata iSt nix - dlTiiiititf ili' 
hs diitc » ijit inde ia 'c;<lbtero's teo^Monitffidfeti 
Q>iod nilttl habet cottditfiieicutt 'qtixftiobe orc- 
unti, Deinde iii a{efet'ie parte Tlrtutis hia*. 
ptx pro a^tivitare . accipicnius^^ tocuiiltibio ef^ 
fec juira renrttmTcr^ucnc^m cideniAagufliiio 
aj^euti eohfra yeWipcIagianos, ide plartialittHe 
reali , eit ^aft< iCtuviixk r^IutattHs , qtxbrum i« 
jlosroli voIttttCW^i , ;^IIot'GratiJe8cT0lufititi;i|. 
UaiUctkKebant :'AugttttitDS yrroTOntenditouiJ 
aesptorftts adtts falUtareS'', 8ead juftificatioireiil 
«tiam fcnu>tittime difpVfnenres procedere etf 
Cratiti Idcoqae tptijm'£cnonpatsemDele1lfe. 
Quam in rem vilfcii yoteft idc/n Augaftcnuf 
€ap.;tf .>& i^. 4c p%i^<ft. tkdet. nectaoin Prbfpeff 
l&b. cohtra Collit. i^hl fet totnm «^^uotom 
4odxiiiam mirum val&i «ft l ifomialhs trthi 
coatrt aoftitm prxrentem doftrintm ; cum ma^ 
«ilf ftum fit , foIiMi ia itlis rejici ptrtitlittrem 
•pOffum modb indictctm • aollo Tcrb pate pac* 
^iialiattm coMaciacif ionmi lelpefta eorom* 
^m MWM 0fdtm* Hss ^-«iili 4xMk 



1»* 






^ ^ 1 s. 




V 



It^' 



I N D E X 

Ktfom concentanim in Quar* 
•'- ilionibus de Gracit. 



ACtdS 8t Auxilia conduc«ntta ad finem fu- 
pernatuxfflem nccenario funt ruperM- 
tutalia. Qua;(l.7. pag. ^p.Nihil natDSiIe 

dktta^uci4*liabi:s Y{e cjaiiMiAiaA Aajilliis in- 
trinlec^ («^mtnrtHbus, ap^ Itcattur omni* 
bus conducentibusad fincm iuficmatncilen- 

2.7. p. 5ff B^lulta Ipca.$cfipturx'8(^atrumad 
oc prStHindidN^ ibjdkquxlibetaffitia con« 
duoentii^ad. qcTMi fuf eifnatHralc. ^lic Ce habent 
ad effe fiipeMiuiTatit i fieut ufiio hypoHatict 
flcvi(iobeara. ^^ . 4 q.7. p.fl* 

Aftos qui non fit cx iflbtiro fr.pctnatuniU cft 
naturalis. \^ 9«T.p*f7« 

Aftus indeliberaii pTiTice-concurrunc addcli- 
beratos. q. 17.P.170. 

A^peticus rationalis tantus eftad bonum hoae* 
iluro» qoantuscft lenfitivns ad delrftabile. 

«).ii. p.iie* 

Augullinus in mulcis locis videtur a(!*erffreM* 
turimprxcifbprccatooonporttiflecondiabi^ 
que faculcace videndi OeoBi. Alicnbiinaliit 
locis ezprefse habet hanc ftculcatem fniCc 
f rttioitm. q.y. p.tf a. V axil »odi ]uicl*c& coa« 



9f Cf^nm. I^i^ 

c^rdin d ( . i bl d ; S> f g^i |s HJt, ta 1 1 o h ti I uf co n ^a€ - 

dit^Tviid^tilnipfG Aiigulij»o:' <1jk^u,7j. 

Hfjii iilirolciiiii iicq;;t^qufrciiEis. g.Kfip^ii-, 
O^' 9tii udo D<!us p fT^ia ftt voJuftij £«tif ci<«£d «li 

lilcin o^icudit £Gurr3 1'rUgiiJiii non f^lum poi* 
fe, fcd fica^ e/e, & v e1 k . e H e io ii olij s l D^ o.ti^ 
J7» p^f *1A7' »ot) colitludrrei Aogutiiiii irF^- 
mentum , fiCJUtJi noii ««licarretcc Fiiyt^rc 
ad adutbonoi/ ^ibidp 

A4igatUnuin:.iiqii3in excFudJr 3 voIuficirefQti- 
cu£fm&]^aifukmadiidujbor«a&* ^i.ti^f^iij-^ 

g:. 

f^' A fl& tfiinbe i dtpbenturcdffi ptitici pii a^ -co* * 
' ^^ i^^s^fiEiequibiis norrpofTrt f iter^etc gm* 
iieiiirEt&ma^^ivJratciiii uoaaUalio^l^J^e^ui- 
"buspuf#rt, tj.is-p.ji5. 

%og>tdU(] cdii^f(i»«fl Gtada.|[p<craUsLn7£U^ti!t:c ' 
^^Vilftiii^i donc cmticiin^ aut elevaciaMJ^Jc- 
^efiuciijuflibctlnJiviifiii.qr jd.p. uo.tftiii 
pctciUtc noftraop^raiio bona . peiquamco- 
gitacio tit coiigrutf.ibid. Icieobooam opfra- 
tionctr. dcnos a DcopetiaQUs, &nobis'ncus- 

10^ch!lts^ii^ oofig.fu»«!t iUbir%ivis<f ^lipff^^^x ao^- 

*g4ia:hdmmuiuu.uUitudinc. ^ rHrif ^P-b^^* ^ 
iCt>gi:at«^t-tiC)o^|tnta>irr tna^ii34«^Uii t^doif^^ 
— *ctf/KUlboccucritaHcui. ; i-^^Jfr P/f^'^: 

C'^t>cut>irccnt'a.«)u«mo<lo. ilc; inaUua exiibeC 

""""'"■ ■ -' - - ^^'^•. ,■■■ . F^^^ 



54 initM R§rmH 

ft.oJoiit^Sifioo iicex £>eu p.io.q. 1oo.'.Qiu(Ni 

efthooiini&acuraiM.» acc i:epu|bat Auguii. 

nut. ' (}. lo. p.jci. 

Cvncuriiit geii(r«.!is l>ei^ non • fiut pfsctpua 

- controfcraa^uguiUnrcUinPckgio* fedin. 

r , , , * . ■ 

•■ ;:...; ■-. D- ,>•' 

D-Iiformi-tas: (^uzlibet detecminate faaiptaiB 
nkagna nsuttfru^ine caurarum eft profaa- 
ftfIia»tMtim» qua*nunifoiinicas. q. fwp.io. 
D^gnitfisoperantisqiix non dcduciturinopiis, 
roi)dJgnificaropu.s.T. q. 7.p.«»t 

I>fle^ioDcinararaIitfrtfper onnnia coiitinetpo* 
tf ftatem moraleinfervandi totatn legemnitii* 
' rajcm > fidQt lupernttnralis •iupcrnaTunleqi, 
8cqtiomodo'<i.i3.p. i}r. lAferturhiacqnod 
non fiHRcit aciialem dilefttonem natucala- 
pt«i.q.if p.i}3.0iieftio major reqaiiitur 44^1* 
d^m it>tMi.4iigcmiia»aatan Uf£i » qut^yi 



aHatia U aIil|ao fenfu concedituf ab onini*' 
* but.' <;i3iM Tkeologicacontioveftitttff, 
qnidii^cfit. q. ^.p.to. 

G^irSitlaeftaliacvtrinrece pci Ckfiftum, ^ali» 
intrtnftce, quidditferant. q. 7. p« rp* Adus 
rticitiexGratia >per Chriftum iumn(cc^ fiiAt 
^Jautti Stc4* cliciti cx Otatia pet ChtUbtm 




^^^^ itOfmU. 1^ 

iipc rn3 (u f al em » 5c dc G rat la pttC kti^ 
irria.ece. Muitiplex hujy^piobirioes 
inop aeSicfAScriptiira. q.7. f»^.«r. 
t DtccdrJa pro qijdlroci ft»ru,ii4fuE« 
tt JSciapfZt ad opcia pQlitive con^Li* 
ail f^iJiaEicni Dei. q» ^. {'. *>/'. Hreiftm 

fpond^r merUfl mofsiircij it4 fic(fiie 

ipKytici natnfJt. 4. 1,p.*r- 

iviGd ia pnfTemriircm , «omitajiteiii 
:iiitrai, S: ranjm fxphc^uo, if. li.p^ijt^ 

t|^ p. i4fi, Fr6b^i]r bovcx Aii^ii4tiit# 
Fclxgtum viict Gu^tA cOALkitnilan- 

f - , ■ . : , ' ' *• 

H. 



iis firpematvralffs tn <]tto feBfu d«iit 
ipliciterpore. "^ 9.17.^.171. 

lOR mclinant aut decerminant tmaie^ 

^flz ab A»! jttlino fef ft iccif itM f ijo 
:tti» aev^fi i^c 74^61 Vi ptude^ ct^ %.^* M . I 
ti« fit #ff*Hi vinndi «oitfU wuftipt «o^ • 



j^fi' ' ' /pdtftJt§r/m 

■hmv^ cmnaiTtilju oidiii«ui>4btttr fio|49- 

f^^iriilU«<a; q; X4.r p. i^ Non cttp atec^njj^ 

' i)tr<»m^V <Qd-«iii€«fid<;ii4> ncc.eitt4.VftC»|M(w 

a1iqit»d'v«nia>e«letemifU(i; q. iMf^Hfr.^^ 

I riAfritt p>ini TC^v^tafni J»riBirp<M|MU#«H|y |4.fA 

, 1 v^.-Irti^oitibiHs. cit «lonlisiitx 4i4lit'o|i|iiH|fi|pi 

(.«UcAionc |iiuiifboMiU. :'-Ai4» 

:.impoteiimiiinihffiftfrctiaBttan.piiM. q^ !#■ 

p. f42<ML'«: <i?*l<tui'UajpoteAi»ap|iylftC^ci|iHMh 

• pot«tat|a moiaJi. q- >4v:C«Mi* 

JttiiiiB M y jmo<»;fiAiatfiipciiq<ibttt; ^^ ...^. 

■N.i.- } . Ji . : - S^.lrF^M^* 

.Ifiir44l4iftiii.4*)iei««t eandem vim lacofMiiw^*. 

■-akltcaclftfaMiaiiutivaDci. S-^*^i^t7* 

:;.v ;. . M. 

.^Vyr flf tiranum docct Gratltmi^ivecoficoffft- 

/^^^ readt^umiupeioatuiaJciD. q.i.p iCj. 

•Mociva rupctntturaiia qQcwaodo concafiaaf ad 

obtcivaficiaiu i<:gisnatutilis. q. 17« p.Mf • 

.:.'.■/'". "' 'N; ■ • • • ; 

• •» •■«•.« • .: : . ,.- 

*^ At^r^i^^t f ft cqtttlispw. q«ot4:Ct boipt 
^^ qus piovcaiunc ab exigcatit cavianiai 
jiatnnliam dctefraiatt^; eftiacqutlis^aotA 
ea qua pcndent cx ladtenBiattt caruudcai 
ctuitium exigentit. flc fic cftfimpticdtcrde- 
b&liar, qalmpufft. q>>^P-9f»«- 

2?tiuttiapia cum fit vtlde debif ior pnit* aoa^- 
patcitmanlitcc (ec?arc loago rempoce tottnt 
Je^m nMtuiaiem ab£)iic auuUo Gtttic ^ec 



m: 
u ^Mv^ifC 

I n o ft hab ij i (Tct ma j of t« v j tr *^, ij t^tfai 

fcfljts. q 11. p.ii^ 

nEitn 5: indcbttufTf; q;' ^. p/ fi. trbi 
LbiTumS^ltidVl^iti^Tn.ibld. Jd«o uiil. 
^etiif^ (juodfl?cellcefiiitipfi lypt* 
k nepcfpriam ^i JD uirmrft, nei^tie 
fiid Inoti Jiicrf f( ccrir. <}, 6* j». 34, T«* 
liicWs&tii irtDHhttr icda^i-tiirm p^- 

\ (|ti i tf tf I d f i (Jtj fd d e b ef a r. i biif 4 

|tj ili^uod u^a!^ c^tiid ili, Se^ii^m- 
«l-i.p;»;^ 
HfrnliAortattttUQaei^ tarxtonbabcc 

injifi c^gilairoriH c&fl^m» noa ^ 

(Ciira hi^ abt^iie htixiiioriimiiircee 
unil' ftobavist ikimMplAfitpSi q. «r. 
emo cftviaiorqai nunqumflavcfiuii 
^iericitU anf««er« ituHttin coacifMMH 
;<iuctelltRisv ^iiflBiltav M4. 



?ff| ' tniiat It4f^m 

' «ittmediatani proTideneiani , ^a« mkeretit 
. cu)tts vult } quem vu^c induxat ; luppeditaodo 

^ jubiiahen^o. cui.Yutt cogitationem coa- 
, fCuaro.^SecnBdus<)uodicebac opera falucaria* 

f of ,iiU]c. rapni ?if orrm nators. Conrit prt- 
' Wft ^'^P'^» A'g«^t Anga!)ianf f^^ '«£'<">*>'> 
>ilW4libf •^Conrrn &cnnduin,ni«rf*t tcrftit- 
. «os maf tf paKtculnict ,. t s qnibna Grtriam 
.iaiiiHreiD ifttirinlVc^ peii Chriftttn) dartbften* 
«4^^ q* .u..p« I rs. Uinc t\\ qnod ARguAitti a»- 
.^neitm ptobantiarcqujii a^ali^uo^-bojpiitb 
. ^fiit9 i«t»tiVP fKcrfUitt fitb tc rnijiaii «niyei&« 
.4tt9i#snon jKob«Mf;4<CAfia.4i1itciMf5c H»uni- 

iff€^F«pilfiftft«v.. fw* 

. P/i|«^fi^nm dirinum atfd eft (epar&Klel^njfici 
.litffici«BtiA.a4 .eittf implctiQncoi. mnluplcs 
.•fcuinapcobatio.o. t^fsio. Uem.necconHliiim 
•. eftiepambileab lMcUiftipc^i«.1bidrm. Kec 
.(plwD non e<t renarabilc \ potencia f hyjfica* 
< Ccd nc^quc ^ mofMi per £€ loquendof 9/ i» p. i}» 

Fotentia moralis obfeppM^li totam tegem Pei 

eftdcbi^aattttrx pur» « noa efk debita lap f*. 

q.^.p.to. 
.» Pfndentia 8&alJaidoaa Dt i , feii flrtutot.riiB«Jda« 
- tc^homittt , ad Jiocttt ppfiieB^cum impcHi* 
.AioftihBt aJlQfttm Dci^OB«rttm> ^ec noc«ti« 
icoovenit. q.fo.p.tt. 

.flMHf decedeatet abrooe Bapctfmo qnaltter luM 
.^fctttprbcatitttdt«€«aui*ii> ^lupemattt- 
|i. q.f.p.lT 

/:%4ialitatetpm)l Nlf(c«roltttii nediaiijM. 



^ Uumfapefnafuraitc } non |»9tcA £bt |ev' 
fe^clubiicc-rrconcijptitcjitiiim. «j. 1^^.)^. ff, 

IJs ii offiuii. ibui'!!! «^qif otn odo o liicur hominj 
€M. iuo A jbilo , TiQn tM Bto : ££LiC.5c ■ p e cca bi - 
tsu«> ibidi 4^uo£io^« scfjiee lib-fldtmA Japi^ 

ibi4*^ 



r««i($s<)axlibfctnareialis connffticurine(fi»*> 
cciKlimmcdiacccufu quaiibccalia naciria-r 
li. q.6.p.40« 

acus narncs qua jrupl^x , punc > inugrz, ia- 
f(x\ leparat^, quidiiDr. q. i. p.). 

ipernaturalc rcfpcftu alicitjus cft « quod ci 
tam vagc, quam dcc^iminatc Iiimpio, eft inde* 

-Entatiflme» «raviffi*» magis «tcartuntin 
- naturalapS, qu^minpv»««.^«utlupcr^n- 
tuc indigcnc dif ctra gratla , ac iit cu , qua f in- 
tuntucTcntacioncsIcycs. q.ii. p.iij» ^'J^V; 



V. 

"tf Is nnlli pasi pHyilfir (otieft motttt & incli* 
^ naxc potenciatn inrentionaletn q. i> p.i^tfi 

V^lUAtas cA^geret auucnia ralucaria , fi le loia 
ruficefecin g^oeteefficxenti) adiftus (alara- 

, tf$. q. ty.p.i^f. 

Vbluntasparcialiieragitadaftaf(upetnmtiualeSf 
ncc rutt!cit;ola Gratia , fed adjulpat.q. ii.p. 
17.1. Mulca Apgu(Uoi -locaad hoc* ibideni.I- 
teni ex Triddntmo'. ibidem. p« ^77. Aftoi ia- 
iucares ha1>ent atiqua pntdican rqiiVBoa 
.' runccoiDmuuiaGraciz, dchaecproyeniiintiii 
a voluntarr.pag. 180. adfcribunturniliiiomi- 
nusaftusralatare»Qrtti«i ^uia Gutia ma^is 
iiSfluic. fitii* 



F I N I S. 




QU^STIONES 

DE VIRTVTil 
jUSTITIiii, • 

R, P. M A R T I N't = 
DE ESPARZA, 

Aracda. Societatis Jefu. 

A B E V S E B I O 

COMITE TRUCHSES, 

In Aula CoUcgii Germanici) Sc 
Hungarici, 

I& 



J 






uite Juftitix. A 

ri^»Mmm r^^prStn mb^r^m^m^ u^ 
^mnifrofttr fecHliaremhfiimriHm 
^^mi^mM^? ' f^'7'. 

S^S' V. JHs frofriirfy^if rdlHJfJmiatur 
Hhxtz fj^iitras diiji^treadi cit re 
aif^ti^iiiutitjra^em prop^am noA 
imp^<feMisHciteabaliisi > P*i7* 

J^ -f . V. jm frofrietatUy J^ j^ri/Ui^io^ 
nis connelUntur tHvtcem eJfcntiaU- 
tcY ? fag. 5 ?. 

Q\ /. V. Dco conveniat jus froprictatis 
eJfentiiilittrfibtft4rborcUnans tmmedia* 
ts omma jura creata ? fa^^. 4^. 

Q^ 6.- V^ jf^ conJiituatHr fer aflus inte/-- 
/etius, ^ voluntatis ? ?• 5 ^ • 

0^7, V. commtines divifiones jurps ex 
parte princtfii^ {;$Jiii,efitfint bon£ ? ' 

fag.6%» 

Q^f. V. virtm JHjiitia dejiniatiir coii* 
)( 2 ftam 



\ftans, 8c perpetua ▼ojitntas j^s4 

um unicuiquc tribuens. f\l 

Sj^9* V.Jit profriHtn jufiitiA refpid 

- medium reiy ^ copftiiuere ^qmlii 

. ttm^erum ? f^*i 

J^ io. V* )ufiiM verfetur cireaptoi 

perdtiemeiyau etiam circ^ jH^m 

pa7.i 

J^ tt. V. juflitia farticHlarie eUffk 

Jpecie a iuftitia legali t .fag. u 

j^/-?a> V. juftitia forticularis ^4iffe\ 

^^ecie cateris virtutihe^ } pa^. /j 

■JZi'S* V.virttu juftitia fit darior^. 

ferfeRior. quam reliqua virtutesth 

' rales ? ,fa^. lij 

^Q^s^. V. iujufiitiafie vititm jfeciai 

pag.U 

iQ^if^ V.fiieus^ ^volens poffit injH\ 

, ampati ? pag. 17 

'^ 16. Vtrum jtu pofftt formaiiter yA 

tolli perittjuriamjaul ladi altfsfue i 

inriaf pag^i- 

Q^ 17. V. omn€.fc€catum injufiitia 

.mortale ? pag. 19 

S^x^.V. juftuia farticulariuUvidat 



^m f^eHHS infiHits^i f%ii^ 
If. be§ CQHVenUu jHflitia fmrti^ 
i^ftriSe tdlis^ sMt di/friittti^a^ 
pmmtttAtivsi I ^ p. zf^ 

y. CMvenidtlntmifiijHflitiafHkt 
fHtativtt^ stttt JUflribtttiva t€'^ 
wl>9i > f^-tSl. 

'Xinter^t^^ehi^-SS^^^ft^s eUr^ 
^flitia, tmtcommt^ativd, aHtitU^ 
ttivaf fag.i%%^^ 

V.iMflitia vindicafivajstjpecia 
ia farticHtansy indiftiHSla aJH^ 
commHtativa f p. ijy^ 

Vtrttm r^fluHtio fitvolHnta^ jtu 
'- friHS Ufnm HnicHiqHt tribHen'^ 
pa£, 300- 
V. ohli^tio ' reflittsendi fnnde^ 
H r-e accepta^ (^ in injnfla acce- 
e? M?. 511; 

V. nltima refolntio obtigationie 
Hendifiat in comfnntati^nes vo-* 
xrioiy^ involHntarias \ p« 3iJ* 
Vtrnm leges de reparando dam^ 
CHlfabiliterjUato oHigentincon^^ 

{cim^ 



erjUA 



j^. 17. Vtr^fm dttur Hmverfkitt ahtjii 

- Ytgmta ^ttanMatis rtjittHtnd^fHh k 

Ji^SS. V^rum Ub$r^f0rf<&i^msbkm 
" -fit mmfitrMfHitHH^s ih rt fict 

ji^. zff t^^^^ infamati& ytirlewMft^ 

- m^^Jttfttindfdfiiff^j^^ 

* rU h0n^}is ? pig. 57: 

jgC 50.. XI. ^Mxntttas fujjiciem tii ii^ 

^^tti grairem^^ ihHff^itiinil^tn^i 

-4txfan4infHftia^H^Y^ X ^fi^V\ 
j^i ^ t • Vtrum gratfiidt ^aHtiUeis c^m 

'fistat in indiVtfiMi eec-fittte^fatien 

-tts ? - /^Kf''^** 

Q^ Jl. t/. ex feccato vettsaH inju/nh 

-raftiitart fitffk^a^ti iSiigatitt hjft 

'tnendtV fttgi )97 

j^ KyV necepft^ (jfHfficiat refittmt 

cjHantnm ai^tthm'fieiTi^>' ^.410 

Q^ U. V. rtftitfttid fit^iek^fit jK^t 

.itxi/hmatioHfmtfdcetrhtt f • 4^ 
Q^^j.^V^fotdmciUf iHiiii^fitffitvm^a 



mtndt } fMg, 44t^ 

. >7*X^* impotfns rffiitMert m propna 
gemri ttnmmr fiipp4trt tx i^nsJ ^ 

S^ $S« V- m.fmdkfi^4emm mi 6 ^tfitk^ 

jg^ j^ Zftrffm pneceptum rcfiimmSftt 
negf^itmmi^ pUtgimi^ fmfnct , £m 

Q. 40* V« detur Alkfem ^iukeimmm^li^ 
^04 md.T^^imindmm.l .'^pig.^'^ 

Q.4U VtTHm ekmr skifmis wMo TJefii^ 
tntipnu ex pjArte credUBrum^ Sfee» 
r^m dehitarum ? p^g^^t^. 

Q^ 41. ZJrHm divijio rerum fit de )ure 
natHr& f pag. 489. 

O» 45« XJ'divi(io rerum exteriorum fie- 
ri pocuerit arbitrio hominumyUtcun'^ 
cfue lihHiJfet ? pag, foo. 

^44, Vtrum effcia habentia jursfdi^ 
ilionemfmt intrinfece invendihilta ? 

pag. 5i(^. 

Q^ 4j, Vtru^ fx Uftone juftitidL diflri- 

t 



Hnt^€ crmtftr i^hRg^th r^jlltmMi 

J2^45. Vtrnm hJht^ ft intrmfict in^V^ 

J0» 47* UiTHm Sitmni^ ft iHtri^feci 

. injuflA ? f^g. fSy. 

J^ 48. Vtrum im frofrieimtis fojpt fiz 

Jimul inejfc fluribm eirca eandem 

reml fd^ J?^ 

J2: 4^- V- domimtim fUmm ejnJMem 

rei pro eodem inflAnn fojfit ejfe ad€* 

- ^HAte afmd dmsi ? - fd^ , C 0% 

^^Q^VtTMm ufiu licitm rernm ttmt§ 

mjk conjkmfii&tiium Jit fifArAkUk 

ak omni demittiat jurt profrii^ 

HUSI* •* \ ^**» - l 




l S T I O N E S 

IPVTANDiE, 

W I RTVTE 

rsriTijE. 

V ^ S T 1 O L 

r 

r 1 D r T V R nnn cfTc i. Qiiti 
f Cclfus Junfconiukus ctllc 
p lllpiano, Fr. dc JtiHina & ju- 

CT Aifttis ]\QC tfl i^ctitiamle- 
^rirprudcoiiaiii. Manifcftum 
Jfiforucitiitiain non tflc objc- 
^is Juflicisc , tFg6 jus noo tft 

s fccciices iVnccnriara in rcbu^ 
cuuiuj: jusdiccre; <|ii»prQptct 



% SluAfih I. 

aiiccm fcntcntiani Judicis non cflc objc» 
<^lum, (cd potiusadtum & cscrcitium vir; 
tucis jpilitiar. Mah.(xiniaus a<i o^j 
rjospenincrcpoccft lo^ns id ouojf 
CAurais as^vnc^ 4c fcBtcnriKt ftfnmfif' 
iccianijurisDominefigniiicaiiroUc. SiiBi' 
liccc ab objC^lohujus^victuciSiezcluSitQiS 
jus juxcaaliauas alias ipfius Hgoificarfb- 
ues > quas rctcrunc Valcnria > in prarfend 
quarftionc i. p. it^^liique communi cec i cc^ 
g6 jus oon pocefl: dici objc^m lilftifiji 
ialccm Cccundum omnem fuam lacicudi* 
sem , fcd cum aliqua rc(liiAi»oe> ac de* 
CecminacioDC. 

^. Si juse{rccobjedlumada!quatumvir« 
tucis juilicia;,'non polfcc hsc Yircusczrr* 
rereulluma(flum>abfq> obligacioneezcr- 
ct;ti^ii quia jus circncialicer cft.indu^ir 
Yumobii{^acioDis, & nuUa Tircus praecet* 
gredi pocefl limices iui objc^i formalis; 
Scquelaaucemcfl falfa»quiaoninis virffa 
{/occd clicere aliquos adus promotiTOf 
pcrfedioais folum cz coniilio. & abfque 
timorc injedto per legem obligaacem> dcc 
cnimquoad hoc invcniripoccil: ullaracio 
«iifcriminisinccraliasacquealiasYircacd.. 

R. I>odi & iodo^bi coDfcnciuoc juAi* 
fiam tHc vircucem ad qaam pextincc jus 
/jWJD iiiikiHgiic cnbttcre» i4^uc ica con* 



:uua uwtuvbi'a wLuub au itMv uiia 

itacioQibus^dum aliudnoD ad- 
Vnde dubicari niinim^ poccH: 
objcd^uni juQicix ; quod pro- ' 
ari ini:io oporcec, uc objecl» 
ico innoccfcac dcindc mcliu& 
id rcfpicicnSjacquecxcodcfu- 
;m. Jus icaquc fumicur ali- 
Tivc pro ipfo jufto, fcu pro co 
ur lacione juris>aliquaQ<16 vc- 
ro radice6c norma ipfius judi^ 
nanon juflo difccrnacur. Jus 
>cum e(l poce{basliberafacien- 
lendi pro libico> inducendo ali^' 
cerum obligacioncm ; qua dc 
bacivumappcllacur. Iltud por* 
cftacivum dividicur bifariam. 




4 Bif^J** !• 

oTirur duplcx aliud jusacluale. A^us e* 
xiimquibus unaqua^que cx diulis poceda- 
cibos exercecur , coDdicuaac jus adaaic 
poreftati, ex qua oriuatur>corterpon(icnt. 
Uade Icges ac pra;ccpta & Judicum fen- 
' tcncia:, (quae fuuc aiftus jurisdidfcionts, 4c 
quod quirqoe de rebns fuis .^ifpofucric 
d^onacioncyconcra^iru, vcl alio modocon* 
ccrnentc propriecaccm , juris adualis no« 
«ninecenfcncur, £x urrifque demum po- 
ccdacibus, & earum adibusrcfultac dcno» 
ininacib juris ob^cdlivi in res circa quas 
ipfi ▼erfantiUi quod jus obje^ivum cfl 
xdcmjctiai jure» quod nupcrpadivum ap« 
peliatttm eft, lc coinxidix cum iudo fca 
C\xva eo quod unicuiquc debccui^ racionc 
ijuris. Juftum aucem pcrinde cfl nrque 
orqualc, Dicuntur enim juflari , qux ad 
«q.ualicatemrediguucur,ucnocat D.Tho- 
masarc.i, quaproprerdum de moribus a- 
gtcur,id juilum dicicurquod juri porclla- 
dvo, & ejus a£Vui adarquacur, five tic jus 
jurifdidionis, fiveproprictatis, 

Juftum porrd,quod rciatc ad jus juris* 
^i^ionis talc dicitur, converritur cum ho* 
ocdo & complcditur obje6la omnium 
virttttuaa» quia legcs 3c prxcepta, quas 
fnnta^us ejus juris, difponuncdcaAibus 
omaium fmucttiii|Uc€caoAoauiibus,ac- 



ai!c& smhitiui: objcila omnilim tiwh^ 
f, Pacctigittjrcjurmodi jus & juftuoi 
c^L' obj*;i5lum propriam , ac Ipcculc 
h\3s ^e qua in prarlentj igcisdum eft^ 
c tnim ett virtut qu^cdsm rpeci^liija 
rns omaibus dtflindA, ur jnfra pate- 
't & Hcet dctur virrus fp eciilisj<}u« re^ 
iatdbic^a fublhiitia lcgibaSiScprx- 
:if & juEffdffliOfii fozm^lkcf quare^ 
iltis fubfunii ci c^meD lon cfl juflitj^ 
fpcctdis, fcd obcdicncia. Mvilto mi* 
ad prx (cns fpe^anc alio! jiirts accc* 
mcs, drriratz a |«tifdidionc, quati» 
UaCcItproaircVoni & xqui i dci!!» 
pra UcQ iu <jno judicium cictcccut 
•Cyiz his f]milc&, 

1u ic3C]uc[e}eftis jutis 3ccepcionibnf«' 

cladirur necclTario obje^usn juftitia? 

:icularis cfle jus propriecatis, Tatiooe 

xs, fua ciijufque) rcs aliqua dl^^itur > 

non juflum pafliY^ famprutti , q^uod 

endenter ab eodcm jure cale denomi- 

ur,cA(^ue qiiodunicuiqj debetur taA- 

m fiium , atquc a Philofopho cap. 1. 

& a f arteris deinceps©mnibus,«qunin 

i^qualcappellacur, racione,qua! qw«(l. 

lagisdcclatabitur. Interimhoc ipfuni 

&c fuitarem propriam illud habentis, 

noji ohlJgatJOMem, qux CZ codcm )UtC 

^J itv 



in alio5iev^inilp.i, cxpcntie necrffc cft dy 
li|;cijtcr pio clcnioti & iuudanicniali iri« 
teiligeuiia c^tcrpruoi omiiiuni qua; in 
progrefladitenda funC) maiime Yjcr6 pro 
quiddiracivo -vircuci^,, j^y(li(;ia;^.(pnQcpta 
incim^penecrando. Idquodduplici pro* 
zimcf^quenciqua;ftioqepr2eflab^tur- . 

' Adi'. & i. pac^r cx di^is- Ad j|. qua:libft 
Vircusalmi^lefli & exe^iaipocci!, cx yi fHi 
mociViqu^cumquecjonferuncadfiDem ei- 
.derii.vircutipracrcriptum. Quia yer&aidfi- 
nem peculiarcm virtucis juiliciaB, qui eft 
fatisf^cere juribus aliorum & piopria;. ob* 
ligacioiii er^a. ali^os^ .confcrr^ -plviri-muiik 
poceft przftare aliqua ulcrfipbligationcai 
imponcam per jura aliorum, patec yirtu- 
tem jufticise cx am.orc facisfaciendi obli« 
'gationi juris, & nunquam pcccandi con- 
tra illam, pofle fuper crogare alicui ultra 
.terminos obligationis propric, & ftrid^ 
talis i Qiio videlicet animus redditur 
promptior^ac faciliorad ea pra^Ilanda qua: 
per aliorum jura dirc^c» ac immcdiat^ 
«xigantur. 



IN Jt, 









) BT V n noncffci. Qnia nobisco»- 
aic iusadvcrfu:» Dcum i cui iciliccr 
:ribuicurfrcqucnccriD faciis Utrcris 
rcfpeftu Doflri; acque bxc elTca* 
pracfupponicius in co circa quem 
or> 8c tamcn nulla nobis convenic 
orefpe^aDci, iu rcuUae|uo9dul- 
iiufumyauca^ionem > quandoqui- 
cus ia omnibus & quoad omnia 
:ndus fcmper cfl. Er^6 nAO eft de 
: juris praclacio habcnci6 iilud refp^ 
amadyerfusquosillud babct. 
idccur effe concra communcm ho» 



t §tM^Jii0 II; 

fenrant biIancea;quipondciaDtein QCiain* 
^uc partem. 

}.SiduoxquaIiimpcraoperacapiacfe« 
lam neutcr habcc prxferibilitacem refpc^ 
•^aalteiiusiniifu ferae» cum fupi^oiianciif 
onvBisd arquaiiel; I &caiiienutec()ueliabcf 
jus proprietatis adTerfns alrerum pro iii«« 
dicraie, £rgo praelaUo non convercicot 
cum jurc. 

4. Ut nullurh nabis conyeDiat jus ad<- 
T erCiisDenm* certe Dco coiiTCDic jus pro* 
prtctatis rcfpedu noftri> & ^irca ics omnet 
creacas> 5c tamcn nulla illi convcnitprar* 
latio in ufu earum fumpMi ufu pto utili« 
tate» nti (umitur ab aud^ore expofitionii 
dc qua quxritur>dc nccenc fuit, uc ita ab 

. co fumcrctuF, ce toca ea cxpo^cio xqud 
-convcniret juri )urifdidionis. Nulla in* 
quam Deo convcnit ejufmodi przlatioi 
quia Dcus niillius efl capax utilitatrs ca« 
pcfcendx excreaturis, 

5, Jus jutifdiAionis non minus quam 
}uspropriecacis fundacur in peculiari ali- 

JiuacoBnczioDeearumilvcTcrum fivepcr* 
onarum qua* {ubfunc utrivis jari,cufn co 
cui idcm jus adjaccr/ Explicanda igicur 
magis ctac dctcrminacd ccuncxio» quae 
fpcciali vi fundat jusproprittacis. 
S. B4 jua]ifcu0(|^ coikacxio cftextrin- 




3e ffM iMihn§ fMth, t 

nfio cnim fcrx »* g, cjuae coufij^ 
ncxtonem ejus pcculiarcm cum 
i>:prmjm;s «Jcfitiit c0ecaqaedcfi- 
TfcTcrir fifhilominus iui io fcra^ 
fcrx» Defirfitio auicm debct cjr« 
ifcau inrrinfccji & idcatificaia 
Lntto, 

ilius jcbct f^srri ^liTntnra dcbif» 
dncntc tn patre ius jrrf^pric ti!c; 
mitlea dcbcc folum cx prcf3tc>at 
mtiiA. dcbcr rirtoat ctiBtiCxioaift 
ifcumpAtrc. Erg^conncxtoaoa 
teas aut rcgulijaatiudictumjaue 
ris. 

tio phyifice connexiTarei cnm per*' 
isrcantnK»,inam fibi acquircndi ^ 
fuam partcxus; ft minus non pa- 
oconnexio folanihil factc pro cz* 
c iwrts. 

rllnsfiipcrior, fcu habcns ia$ iuris-»' 
s pocefl ckra iniariam impcdiri k 
Kone leqicimaj & tamcn ncqait 
re ^ubcrnacionem in ucilitatcna 
if. Erg^ prxlacio in ufii fumpco 
cace Bon c(l mucu6 convercibilis 
! proprictaci^ quod rcfpicic iufti» 
»<ica iniuria;. 
i\m%x cil JEm. Ac L{}gOM|Ut'ic. 



cxpoficione jfiris cospic ^gcre difpucao^f' 
acutc&:accurate»cum priusfubbrcviqua- 
,dafl[i pj&^piif deilUUDfus^i^p^^iiiaiic^il)) 
.CM^iiub^s Juiifmiueret^]: j. ;9,Mtfr^|h^ 
moyt^ilg^ Bocifljiflf eJtfc,yi45^ 
^iy^l^attcein i\{^, j, kdifi. ^ifcndp^; _ 
$B.friUtio qui.dAm mpr^ljs, qui bif^.bffff 
frsfertur moraUteraliff in ufu tsUs T^i^ 
fter feciilisr^m ccnuexione^,/miit» res k^ 
hetcufpeo. Ap,pp9iicxcmpluxn^jja jfq^^ 
pca^ i YcqarpreqaJiB cacioneiapcHfse^f^^ 
peculi^rem cum, e^. copncjionem i, dL y^ 
nacox Habec indidjcm przlacionera, MoIkI 
ufum ferae adYctfus qucmlib.ec ;alipinu. 
Quod/£ venacor donec fcram aUjeiijtCp \ifi4 
uansfectur 9)ocalicc;i;caiCpp0exioDe injido- 
jpjlftfri^m U fiviul jqoin CQpnexiQne praela>> 
.|io» £c {iciQca;ceri$4:ebusoninibus conr 
tihgic, quie fiunc propria^ U i\xx alicujus. 
AdvercicCardinalisfeperufuoireiincelli- 
.gece omncm & folax) ttcilicaceai cmanabi* 
, lemabea, QM^noia^oncfeccrnicjuiSpror 
.priecacis a juro jniiifdidionls , q uod qui^ 
dem confecc prxfcribilicatem>fed non coiir 
fcrc ucilicacem rcrum fubje^arum. 

Diviiic ha:c ezpoficio.incer Cc pofterio^ 

lesau^occs, dicencibusaliis.cam€(fc;l^if 1 

timam j uris propriecatis dc^aicipncin h9r\ 

JJJs riid MifL folaxikbo^ ipfoia .aeg^pci* I 



llViitfUUX 



dem rolucioDe/Dice^dumauiern eft 
eata qnikus^coufiqiTtirea tt^pofitia 
aidem'cdDy6rtibf?Ja> 3c )denti^Cat*a 
er com jurcprdptieTaftis jiixra euAi 
n ini|uoururpanturabcjusaa(ftor^ i 
um ad Icj>itimam dcfinitionctA n'i- 
jamfufficdre, PriorparsIiujusafTcni 
ibirfatiscx diccndisiarcrp6/iOnp'iyi 
les dubltandi/ . '" '' *' 

•eraparsdeinfufficic^nTia dcfihitionls, 
curi. cjuia in jnribus fub6rdiniMs, 
afantjuracujufq; civisrcfpcAuRei-. 
car 6c Principis,atc[Qe Jnra omniuiH 
jrarnm refpe£Vu P.ci, ui;'iliS ptietci!- 
ntur excmpla, prxlaVio quo'qiic i^h 
■i^eftfolsordinata ac proindd c6Bjun- 



11 ^dfiu ii: 

lc inrufficicoccs ad fundaodum ius. O* 

jnnes nainquc virtures ad altcruni & aoa 

f^l^iuilici^ oicuntur. ut pacer* connextp* 

s^ alic^ua peculiah mumyqoas cxhibeac 

cuipiisquibiisezhibcocur; & tacnen aom 

.oonnts tx Vircutesaicunturiuxcftiid^di- 

'{ko: Jum cxg& noo alTigDacur qualis Ip 

^qanca cum przlfttio>tiiniconnczio dcr^4* 

iniRaccac prareiscrcquixaxur Sc fufficijr» 

«t inTiccm coniundar pariant ius AxiAi 

ialc»iiecc(fee(lut mancac fub cencbxiste« 

ttts conccptus iuxis ; hoc ^ft> ut idem coa* 

-ccptus maneac abfq slcgicioii U fu£cicntt 

dtnnicione j "Accuius Tidclicetxacione tf^ 

vc lic dcpolfiva obfcuricacis ^ ambigui* 

^«•cis circa dcfinitum. 

, Dcindcomnispraelatio fcu prxfcribili* 

:tasci[lproprieras confccutaad dcccrmina* 

'tuiTi jili4|ucm gradum perfedlionis conTC- 

HtcncispraEferibili. lladc ncccfle cft ut 

deccgat cam pcculiarem pcxfc^iopcm* ia 

^^uafundacurpxaelatio, qui tuU dcclacart 

circQxian xei przfexibilis ; quat yidelicct 

,e(l concepcus eius pximarius ; ncc alicci 

<]arc& ad^rquace fatisfacict aYidicaci in* 

^uirentis quid cft rcs. Nec cnim fati&fir 

'inquixcntiquidcft homo aot angelus) & 

dicatur : e(t animal pra&fcribile brucis. auc 

c^ /tffrjftaaria fiaica frx&cibilis hpmini. 




;rAo«i-»«"",g o5c«. ...»««;' 








«4 ; ^Afth II. 

tas difpoDic in pondefe, & onmero, lc 
tfncniura) confcreos eRdem indivifini- vo*' 
Jut^cate.jura rcrum r & rci i^pfas, n^illaai 
jatnimTis-€orttni.pnc»eiftootcobligacra«^ 
uc infra cxponitttrcxprofciro. Agituraq- 
xcm modo de (olo iureindu6iivoobHga- 
tionisi & quod (itobie6):um iufticise pEC* 
Xiipponentis.ipfum ius acqae rciirafeifm ft 
ilebicuni ex i oneTefuUanSiquiU oihil f ri[^ 
fupphnit iudtiia IDei erga^os* 
. Ad 1, iEqualitas pcr iuftitm intenta 
4Con(i(lic in mucua hominum pras^lacibne 
perquam unufquifq; prapfert fibi alterum 
quoadiura &^.bMa pTopria ipfiu»t|tiafe\r 
€um Tult fe ab airero pc\a?fm» quotfd fQt 
iura & bona; atquc harc mucua pnclatio'- 
fium arquaiicas ; hoc cft jeqHalitaS ix^x^ 
qualicatum-figttiHcaturbiUiycC)* qua-reci-t 
plicacioiarispcrprarlacioncm noneilccB' 
tracommunem hominum conccpiienemi 
liccr (ic fupra vulgarem coftcipicndi mo^ 
^umapprcheadcntemn)uc4*asprarlacicncs 
tanquam duas quancicaces a?qualesnulla- 
tCDUS fibi inviccffi fubordinacas, qnam 
yulgacicacem fubcilitex cadigayic ac pro- 
novit £m. deLugo. ' 

Ad 5 . Ucerlibct venator habec prxlatio- 
Bemrefpcdlualcerius quoadunam mediC'* 
wcm ic£9St ica «i ^uilibcc tQUm habici 



nna medi^tarej {\ uJcerius coutetiJat ctle 
a:qiulis (qc\o in ufu aUcilLis medieraas^ 
^D ipfci ^t: illi iDiyriLis Ja^dcn^o itis eiu£. 
SnDC iia<;}uc KmpJicic£|:^cjuale$ qLiia li^ 
bcnc ^qti^lcs Jiuc^rialiccf & forma^Hcr 
llJtiEliEiancsuaurtjuifqi rcfpc^u fuae m«- 
dictads i Iitnul lameu fLiDt iiixqil3.lcs fc- 
crtndum qtiid fibiL^ue ijivicem hjperiofcs 
& iafetiofcs co0iftarari9J3.cf^iLla £mn mcr^ 
dJEcace tttm fuat.ti;a>,alr€tiu5« ,i 

_. ,Ad4< HLcigimrcifiurc ptiraprpprjcta- 
^iSj fcu quod uon £c fonpalirer ^iti pr&- 
f petans><jaa!c nofl cft ullam im ditinu 
ncquc quoa<l euticaceiiitaequequQid liL- 
l^m futimcxercicium utiDfmdicctur^ . .) 

AaI j, Noo LKceiTccltutuiiaqu^Quepais 
dc^ainoi^tis fcQifini fumpta fit (iiLcrcnT^ 
^cfiaiti abomnibusaliii. Suflicit cnim fi 
difcernac coDiuni^a cam cacceris ucappa- 
,rcc maximeindefiDicionibus conflacis per 
dilfcr^Dcias mucuo npn fi^balcernas, quar 
Jis cftAriftoc^lijCa dcfinicip tcrnatii jiL qua- 
cernarii per numeruBfi imparcm pti;iium> 
& parcm ex paiibus primum. Cpbncxio 
auccm fccundum fc communis ptppriccati 
& iurifdidioni, coniup£bacum«p;«Jacior 
jic in ufu rci cpnycaic foli propti*t#ti. 

Ad 6. Praclatioiii pfa rci cft in^rinfcca 
iuu& idcauiic4t«f iifl? ipf«, ISihiU^^^^ 



16 • Su£p^ Ih ^ 

Yccatprardicatum jncrinfccii dcfinirio €x« 
plicarc rvlatc ad ahquid c-xcrinfecum auc 
cciam feparabilcabeoclem quale eil coli- 
Tiexio & appTchenliorrfpedlu iitris. 

Ad 7. Dicicur fimiliccr eanJcm convr- 
sionem-dare praelacionl rcfpcftu aliqoQ* 
rumbohorum Sc a^ionam> noo retb re- 
fpe£iu aliorum, adeaquc ius non defintrt 
folaconneiione, fcd- Cimxtl cumpraBlnio* 
nc ftibfccuca ad conBCxioPctii. 

Ad 8. Aftio Phylica cangcrtis, & appre* 
hendencisrcm aliquam, ficut fe Tola noi 
cftfuflficicnccriQdad^ivaiurisaa illan'. fea 
in iUa -, ica ncc fc fola cfl-ceucxiva rci cuin 
taDgeoce > ac apprchcndcntc. Ncc cniih 
quxcumquccangimus, ac apprchendimus 
connedimus nobis, nifi procunc& in c*r- 
dincad locum. NcccHariuir. n:m:rum in- 
fupercft, admioicul^imanimi applicinris 
fibi rcm c-av>am :;c apprchcnfam. E»^^ 
-dum ponicur in definirionc conntzio.co 
ipfo infdti^icur pofi-ca rBcenrio fufEcieni 
ad acquifirionem iuris. ' 

Ad9.Saperioricas& gubc.vttflcio,fcipfi$ 
funt circnciaHccr ucilcs cuius (upcriori 
-crcacov ncc cas habec iurc iwrifdi^ionis 
{ediorepropriecaTis,undc'nou illas fccun- 
dum fcimmcdiac^> fcd^^^ioncs iBfcrio- 
/l{|p(ircigaa§TQrf3tuiioiriri^i^ic«piohi» 



tur tonTcrteie JQ uEiiitatem pr#priam, 
um his vgitur adminiculis fubiiAercab» 



QY j£5 TI O IIL 

rhm jtii freprietmh rf^e dtfsisttfr lihf*^ 
fmcHltMt dfjp^nwndi dc r§ Mhfum tm HtiH^ 
rMtem ff&friam mn imftdikiiis iici» 
il sh mhh } 

T Id I T T R non rt Ac defiQtti* f. Qitit 
\f parviitJs nondum habcniibus ntum 
rAiiofiis^& coDfcquiiitci uecUbcici* 
m contcBit vcrum ius iii lix:cilicaccia 
atris <jut iam dcccirorit» poHuat riqui- 
:m cAc domioi untvcrforum ut condat 
i ApoftdlO) ciprefs^ ii diccntc. Eadcm 
11 racio» dc co qui incidit in amcntiam 
racfcrcimrcmporalem. Rctiaetcnim oi^ 
ilominus iura fua omnia, Erg6 mon tft 
e rationc iuris libcra facultas* 

1. Unul<|iii.f<^ potcfttttirtbut fiiif pte 
bico Qonm-nusinutilitactm acfubY^Ji* 
oBcm alioram quam propriam ; im&bo^ 
a temporalia ad hocpociflimuUniulcu* 
tfg» iniibBS iuhduAtut^ Kt ttfltttauifaw 



iilisucaturincommuBcm fclicicatcin»iicc 
vitio caret nvaritix, immifciicordix, aut 
iiniiliqui res fuasomnesadpropriam nci* 
licacem prarcis^ redrin^ic. £rg6 doo eft 
de racione iuris dirpafuioinpropriam n* 
tilicaccmy 

5« }ucarubdit6rum fancimpcdibiliali* 
cire a fupremo Principe, qui poteflprarci- 
pcre & cogeremulcis de caufis uc bona pab 
•ttcularium cutn propria fingulorum^ia* 
duraconvcrcancurin utiiicacem yel com- 
munem> vcl aliorum privatorum> Ergd 
faculcas iuridica non lioc habct ex efTencia 
Tua, ut (it abfoiucdft omnino uniyerfatt* 
tcr inimpedibilis licic^. 

4. Jus iurifdi^ionii cft ucile habeoti 
.tum fecundum fe^ cum quoad multiplib | * 
cein cius nfum , nec eft impedibilc lictt^ ^ 
ab aliis incra proprios cerminos>uc pcr fc 
paccc $ Paccc ver6 clarius idem ius inclu- 
dcre in feetTcnciaiiccr liberam facultacem 

rirzcipiendi) vctaadii aliarumque fimi- 
ium operationum, ^fg^ nihii eorum 
quasponunrur in dcfiDitionepropofitadi- 
-itinguitfufficicncer iuspcoprietatis a iure 
•hiriidifbionis. 1 

j, Deusiiabec proculdubio ius propric- ' 
tacis fapra res omncs creatas ; & tamcn I 
muJIaicctuzsL uci potcft ittuuVvmevxv^fto- l 



' luiis pfopiictarit Ucuhas cUfpoticiidi 
propriam utilicatcm, 
|l. P;ocoja^iu]CQfi;i2tquciiitim£pcac* 
inda legititna tlcftnicioDe ituts piopric^ 
tis cQdetni^ue iui^e cUEiiTim^ difceiacii>- 
ik iuic ia.rirai^iDaiijOpci^prcTiuincn: 
ftfcrvarc prius prarjicau qu^ijmapud 
n^cs uocitTim^i tuni iuris lo cotnmufii 
m utiitirvis cius iuiis. A^quc iupumis 
anifcfcum ptanc cft dc conccptu iuris uc 
; flcincompuDi effc pticUtioncm icfpc- 
u aliocani} uci fapcrius icftc «ioccUac 
ardianlisdcLugo, Vidcrurcnim pct fe 
>lum habcDtcm ius clic pr^fcilbUcni 
>[ihabcntij 10 eo^circa quod vcifacariu»^ 
uid cnim nocius quam dominum nom 
)mino & fupcriorcm infcriori prascd- 
re quicenus cales func, Racio cft> qaia 
;stcafavccuni,utgravcc aliosinfavorcfl^ 
fiuscirca casresaurperfonas, circaquas 
rrfacnr ipfum ius. Ncmpc fiduoiiaia- 
r fc comparcntur>ucQihil (ic indulcum 
li, quod npn fic indulcum alrcri circa a»- 
quam rcm, fimulquc ncutet uUum? gr^ 
imcnpatiatur refpcdu alccrius,patct c^ 
(o neutri ullum ius comparationc altc- 
us ciif^ cam rem conYcairt, ncc minus 

patct 




lo im^^ft^ 111. 

rius circa cam lem conveBtrf, nec minii 
patctgraYacuminfayorenBatcciius quart- 
nusralemnonpofficefTe illi parem.- HiM 
fuifus depichcDdicur ad clTcnriam iDitt 
pcccinercp^rcflacem opcrandi. Qujetfim 
Kon habec poteftacem operandi crrca rem 
alit^uam omni favore inris prdpriodcfti* ^ 
tttcas cfl i nec circa cam obcinct oHafl^ y 
ipcxlacioncm reffeda alioriim, inif^poft- 
poficioncm Dcceflari^ pacicurrcfpe£ba 0« 
mnium pocentium opcrari circa illam. 
FrsemiiTum Tcrc^ mod^ fuit poftpoiicio* 
nem iftam U eum praclacionis defefbam 
repugnare exiftencix iuns. 

Jam ea poreftas dcbcceireobligaedi t« 
lios fola Tolunrarc habencis ius curi hoc 
dtfcrrmincq-uod obligacioorca a iure iu* | 
rifdi^^ionis dirigacurin favorem aliorum; 
firca yer6 ex iure propriecacisdirigararin 
faforem & commodum pcopriumhabcn- 
tts ius, & obliganris alios fua voluutarc. 
Conftar cnim inprimis iura cfic piopria 
fubftantiaru racionalium; ({uas vidolicet 
folaefunrcapaccsobligacioniSmoralisim* 
ponenda?) d: quibus imponacur. Conftac 
fimiliccriuracffc vcluti Hmitcs quibas li- 
bcrtas ruSftaniia: rationulis circuirifcribi- 
turadccrtum ufquetcrminu, nciikrn cum 
CJcuruti Sc fiulccuusYro^i<:ai\v^u^iicvxc 



#. Confertm crgo per i\is liWii porc» 
^salicai circaali^Ttid ilinuKjueixupaui* 
tr a.Ui£ obligario ipios gt4VAi]& lu fai 0^ 

V eru ni c{ 13 i;i cj ufii] odi fi bl igiuo iade ilc* 

■fl adetU ju> ipfi raveas^quiu ^ifii ilih 
bIig:iuoa:quaiHaipfc3S|;rAvips,coj3cJu- 
\tui noncxphciri fufHdeutcr |us 1« fa* 
m porcrLit£ obl)g<iti<Ji^iTe ib comodum 
roprium fi?e iu comodum alienum. Qiiiji 
xc er p li c3iio p rxtcrnur ti e ob hga rioucm 
i]9.potc(tdspiopru iufisinrcomucfaum 
ccrrutum prxinunit:! cijCIie i iraur ad cf- 
:titiam ralis poutUM^ pcuiu»t non foiu 
b)i^atio pnflibi]j&imnQDi per cxctcitium 
^fiu^ fcd ctiatn i< niulto mAgis obii^Atio 
im impofira ahunde non impcdicndi i- 
cm ciuOcm poccflatis cxercitium. 

Jiis praecogoitis intclhgi lam clarius 
oteruncrcqueutcs dcfinitioncs iniinuatae 
urfk. I. Jusadlivumiii communicftii- 
trm fne/iltaf difponi»di circft^ rem veljfcr* 
nsm^ qufi/$d ufus. vel aSiiones lege ^fermis^ 
Ut non impedililis licite ab nliis, Dicicar 
^#ri» jG»fK/f4W, quia ius elt proptium natu- 
x^a lationahs conveniens ip(i ^uatenus 
\iiom\ls Se Uberg dt Nimnnta tgc&% 




11 §ltttj!t9 IITr 

necc{rariumE3cciun«DcciDuirixcApaxeftj 
Dicitur ^ff^ntndt, ^uii opersitiones ^\it 
proceduntaiurcQou runra.dioncs (tmpli- 
CCS& pure phyfic» niiUam hahcnte» vim 
pracccrquain poncudi fu u m cfFc^um apar- 
te rei 9 fcd habcDC vtm quamdamlegisac 
ftatuci. Agt c eia i m a u dori ra n vc o u t u ci' 
turiure^obligans atios ncad^joni ruae ad*- 
verfcntur. V^icitm fircMrttn vei perf§nMm 
titendoBomiDCitiprouc fi[;i>i^c3ta|iqijid 
diftinfbtim ab individtij tubitanciarario- 
nalis nacur^^j qii^ ufurpatio rerum efl frc- 
qucnsapud omues audloTcs ia hac mate- 
ria> acquc inb ca yocc coiBptehcnduncur 
ctiamfcrvijquntcnuscerriputaucur ue la- 
Arumenca domtnorum cxpercia praprix 
libercacis. Dicttur iQquani c.i disiun£lto 
ut fub hac dcHnicionc concladaacar ius 
preprietatislc iurifdi£l:ionis>quoikim A- 
cerum vcciatui dircdc circa rcs, akerum 
circa pcrfonas, Adiungicur illa alia dis- 
innCtioquosdufus^velaSfi^nesprvpzcrc^LO' 
Jem racioncm, Addizui: hge fermijfa^ ; 
quia cum nemo pofTic habece ius ad pec- 
candunispacec terminos iuris lege circunt- 
fcribi, Quod fi quis nolic hisdisiundbio- 
nibus uci adhiSinsclaricacifcgraria fubfti^ 
tui porcrit : difponendt circa sliquod qna* 



r poteda» prapria iiins lum h potcu^jtc 
>cra propria lacmnam Sc tyjiattotumi Bc 
orum ciurmoiii qax iinte impcditui : 
m d fjudlibct iHj cofLiiTi, qui iivelKild 
-cilficii^opcr^tipoflunt ciica rctti ^lic- 
mcxiA;ci>ce apud alntm poteflaEcipfos 
■ ncrtc iTnprdicadi c»m libutrftj poreil 
EUin lioc cifcrfi Wcvius diccndo : jns ttl 
*era fAcnltAs difp^ntHtii d^ fiii^ua munii^ 
9f favtnee iftf ^ ^rAu^^tt ^iioi^ 
Adrfrteudum eft mi poireilieui cohtc- 
rC] tum infipetfcdcpcrroiamdenomini* 
anem citi:iafecarniioo perficientem in- 
inrcccfuljic(5tum cuiu«eft : tum perfc£td 
'rformamintrinfecampcrficieDfmidcm 
bie(5lum. Prionmodoconvcnitiuspar- 
ilis Dondum habcDrfbus ufum racionis 
liberratcm,adcoquc non habcntibus ia 
intrinfccc libcrampotcftatcm ntipcrcx- 
sfiram; cxifbence camen i«m caufa, er 
iia in ipfos rcdundcc pro tempoce potc- 
as cadcm libera, Pofteriori modo con*' 
:nic ius habcnti ufumrationis&libcrta- 
rti,acque volcnci vcl adbualitcr,vel ha- 
rualiccr, ut res vcl pctfon>c (ibi fubfint, 
ouc ipfi conccflumcfi:,quarc in dcfini-^ 
onc accipicndaell libera faculcas prouc 
\ 'iDdJffcrejiStid utrumq ac ijftufll modiMtl 



14. . inf^fii» ni« 

illamhabendi. Idcm porro qued diftnM 
cd de parv uiis, dtcendnm eft de adnlco ka^ 
bence quidcm ufum jacionis, fcd noDdnm 
lubeatcullamnoticiam porcftatis fi|»i bn^X^ 
^aei» uc (ub£nt eidem ^es auc perfonae i td p 
liabcnccquidcm«oticiam,fednondamlia- 
bence Tol-uncacem per quam confcDciaC 
poccdari (ibi fadxt 5c Telic rcs auc peifo- 
nas fibi fubeire. Verum de Jiis diccncur 
plura quarft. 6. 

Incerim cx his qua? prarmWTa funcpro io- 
selligcncia iuris in communi cxpcdiri brc* 
Ticcr & diiucidc poirunt fpecies illias pro- 
prictas & iurifdidlio. Propricras enim eft 
ftu dirtSil ^frineiptiliter prdinatum md ff» 
priMm eujufjui fglieitjctem : ftu ^rdinsns^ 
fuum fub^eHum nd fropritim felieitMiem. 
Turi(diftioTer6 efl ius direSfk lir princifu* 
Uier $rdi»Mtum ad felicitatem dUen/im : leu 
^rdinans fuum fuhjeStum ad alienam feU* 
eitatem, Ucrobique pooi potcCl ioco iu« 
xis» quodhabcc tacioQcnfi gencris, cocacins 
dcfiniciofuperius dara addendo poceftaci» 

JuodCcdired^ Sc pa:iMcipaliccr ordinacai 
ttordioansfuumiubie^u adpropiiam; 
nd alienam fchcicaccm. Nocandum c(l 
Koc loco nomcn pro.ricari-s ufurpar' la- 
tifllinc pio uc co npltiTctf.Tr ufu^v» , fru. 
iiam^Sc ^uafvis omaia4 v^vqvv^ wjlvi. u 



iii d*fin'ttimi jffrh. 1 j 

^a^ai a. lurc jtinfdicHonis i qnatcnui 
[ii^^cUbct.alia rpecies iiuvs facir pxopnam 
c fiiim tht%t cai ius innit tcni aU^uam 
cl {uuplicicer, vd fccundum lUquid c- 

Dicirtff ftarem in acrn<;fuc defiDttiQ&c 
*ir§ifit 0* ffrinciffiluer, quia ccrtum cll cr 
urc propTtctaus uuicuique convcuicnut 
«duudsrein a)io& pluia bona ^uiUi ftiRr 
lonAtioBcs Ubcra!csii£ miferi covdcsj com» 
LVUtaciout» , & OKini$ gcpcrU contrAtliU 
LHaqucciuCmodi guibus auUtispoircccfle 
&cii% ablaro finguUs iucc pro^tictacis ; 
S^rameu eorum poilibnitas ctiufcrt ad 
x:[icic£tem corum^ qui yl iilium a^lio* 
mm mclius babent quam priu* \ in cu- 
us rci confirmationcm & uberiorcm lu« 
:em diccntur plura infra dum dicctur dc 
ronvcnientia divifionis rerum j (imiHter 
:x iure iurifdi^ionis tcdundant in eum> 
^ui praeditus illo cfl: pliira commoda iu- 
krantia cius fcUcitatcm : tiim quia qui (i- 
i\\i\ habct iusproprictatis potcft tucri li- 
mites ilUus iure proprio iurifdi^SVionis 
ibfque rccurfu ad alium & dcpcnden- 
:ia ab altcrius Ubertate: tum quia ho- 
-ninibus naturaUccr placcr, fahcm uc 
jluTimum &c per fc, ut aUi opcrcnrur 
luxca carujn AthJmam & r^Juntatcm , 
^ ut<yic 



3./ §luAflh 11 !• 

urquc ipfi aliis praecmineant hoc 
do. Quod autcm placct ac iiccc cft « 
fercns ad fclicitatcm. 

biwdc tamcn 3c priticipalitcr itis 
prietatis favet fclicitati iilud habc 
KJuia hoG cx communi kominum i 
|)roprium cuiufquc dicitutjquod uni 
iaue eft attributum, utbcnehabeatjU 
ciusUru (ibi proyidcatcumpr^lacioc 
fpc£l:n aliorum & indcpendentcr ab ; 
zum yolunrate falcem ca:teris paribus. 
iiirifdidionis favet 6 conycrfo dirc£ 
principaiiterfclicitati aliorum. Qui 
tale ius coilatum eft fcu mediatc, feu 
ihediacc per confcnfum multitudini 
praecft, & tuncpatetdirc6lc& princi 
Tcrcne drdinattimad fclicicatem ciul 
inuititudinis & flngulorum qui in eo 
tinentur; quiYidcliceinonnifi ci ai 
propriarfclicitatis tali iugocolla fub 
tunt cumiadburapropria: libcrtatis t 
tenfioniscerminorum eius. Quam ui 
Sadturam nequaquam patcrcntur ni 
inaius>certenonminusfuumbonum 
^em eft ratio deuncquolibct feoifiir 
gcntcfibifupcriorem & coDfercntcil] 
iiKiidioDcm fupra fc. Vcl rurfusidei 
collacumcftaDeo;& cuacillud idcj 



ofcrrcc jurirdidlioaemiredpropric- ii ^-X 
&doininum9Don fuperiorem coti« > j^ 

:c>cascciisqui juri Aibjiccrencur ia • 'j 

ccm redadlis Sc fpoliacislibercace | ; r 

inacuraliabrquecompenfacionepec ■'. [ '-|' 

I asquale auc melius. Qupd eft o- • j!!j 

innacurale per fc. Arque h«c obi» * « Ui 
fca fufficiunc de jure jurifdicSlionis ' ■'* 



riori incelligenriajurispropriecacis \ |.([^-fj 

nparacionem cum illo. Quod jus - i '^ 

:catis di^um cfl e(re obj<6lum ja« /;';|4 

larcicularis} quodque proinde exW >.^i 

ulcerius dedarari per comparatio«; . j, j 

ccrmiaos.quosrcfpicit. ^/'*'}^ 

n porr6 funt cermini qaosrefpicic ' :}:f! 

priecacisi nempercs>adquarumu* - ;''|^: 

ifercliberampocedatcm&perfonac \ *^: 



it §liufih III. 

pus, Dux,Magiitcr,Concivis, & fic dc( 
terishabeQcibusaliqualomiaccrfe codi 
sciouem. Ec quia obligacio refpiciens 
tcrum e(l icidem multiplex , uemp6 c 
xicacis, piccacis, £racicudinis,&c, Q 
inquam hzc ica (c habenc & fuac obi 
ocia arquivocacioni, opporcuQc qu«ti 
quidnamdciliud pcculiarc,per quod < 
feruac ab aliis fuicacibus & obligacic 
^us,fuicas, 8c obligacio cerminances i 
cialicer ius propriecacis ricione quai 
meum, cuum, fuum , (impliciccr aliq 
dicicur, Sc non cancum cum addico, qc i 
;iis,cuus> fuus, Concivis, confanguini 
iimicus dominus,5:c. acque iniuriam fi 
re dicicur, qui \xdiz obligacioncm i 
{^ropriccacisrcddenslicicam lazfo comp 
lacioncm , percurbans pracccLca mucu 
paccm 6c cranqailliratem, 

Quod ad fuicacem atrincr, duas cius 
liaiciones cxhibec D. Thomas> aUei 
i.p. quarfl:. II. arr. r. ad ^. Dicitttr mh 
frnm alicHiui, quod ^d ipCnm oriiin.xtnr 
^ut fervus elt dojnini, ^ /fon ^ coh*v 
dilceram in prarfcnci quv^t. f 8, arc. ii. 
mutem dicititr fuum uni)ijcu\ufque f^crCc 
<jtto,{ ei jtcH?idu79i ]frff'¥r:ionis AqtiAlicA 
Heifetur, In priori cicHnirio.ic oi/tmatu 
alj^ncm, iiicclligcnda ^roculdubie c(t 



tionead ipitini tauqujm sd i?nem 
um^uc dHcjflitm ac prjiicipaJcm', 
idclicer U>la oiJinacio .ilicuitis mi 
mcft firnpilicitsr & alirclucctalispia 
ladctinitionceflTtttu s, D, Thoma, 
e namqite ordinationtrs fum tan* 
cuadiiiii quid t^lcs, &: c^iferutitur 
dito liiTtiintzcncit aiicificnaDci, Ik 
ori Jc ii o i ti o nc To dfhiur^^ccty i cn- 
Idedtbico non iclum ptrdeBomi-i^ 
em cxirinfccam ab obligarioncde- 
ilare aut iclinqucTC ahcti > quo4 cft 
UDc dcbiris ctiam ex chari^afr, lui^ 
diaj ^ratirudiaci fcd piactcrea pec 
iD3CioQem a pbtnflate accipicndi 
ibi rctiacndi coDvenicnti illi cui 
r & in iinpedibili ab aliis honeftew 
mirumcft dcbcrialiquid alicui (c- 
n proporcionis arqualicacc ut coa-) 
lilucidius infra. 

aitioncsifta: func fiibtilcs arquc'o- 
legitimse , & coincidunt cum ca 
once fluic cx data iuris propricra- 
nicionc, iuxta c[u:xb\ fufim ctiius^ 
, quod terminat libfrnm eius fote'' 
ftd dijpontndum de illo quefid ufus 
mijfos non iwfedthilem bonefte ab 
■» ordinattim ad felicitfttem etufdem^ 
um ciiiHf^Hc ef^,^Hod terminet ius 




IP 

tifL 

a 

i 
i 

i 



0jus dinHe ^prtrjci^aliter ^tdi»rttum mI f^ 
Hcitatem eitifdem. Vc\ dicatur fuutm ifi 
(juod eft ohieBttm juris prffprietMtis^ Cum 
cnim fint correlarivaruum^ & jtisproprie- 
tacisjueiolibec quidditative cxplicato po< 
fcftalccrumrtifRcicccr cxplicari ptiipfuiA 
undc vicc vccra jus ptoprictatis dcfi&iii 
poccft : id ijtif /tiiqttid ad alifuem erdinMtuf^ 
jcu quoaljquid Ahcui fecunditm proferti^nM 
dqualitatem debetur : fcu qug Miiquid effi* 
titur fuum itiicujm. Vcl dicacur ; ;w «^ 
formafui: eB rari^ farmalis fmtatis : cfl^ir 
^i^^^ aliquid fuum alicHius immedrxi^ di* 
nominatur. E i t-c on v crfo /« nm eff termi' 
nus*taliter dineminatsii per jHi : eB materid 
juris,(i*c. Hafc nimirttm amnia & his fi- 
milia iaviccm ^bi z<]iuvatcnc, & urtum- 
libcccxcrcmumpro atriutlibccexplicAcio* 
iie ac dcfitiidone tcgicimr adhibccur fine 
Ticio circuli ptffuppofltailiundc, utifit- 
perius prarfup pnfl ra efVj cj us citremi^quod 
praedicacur^ripGfninnc, 

Porr6 jus (cipfo formaliccr denomina- 
tur*fuum cjus cui inc{|« Quia a4f^u5C|uibui 
^. ^.oflendfcur iilud efTcacialicer coDfli- 
tui, rcflc(Jlunt fupra fcipfosj U fulijc£lum 
cui infunt rcfpiciiinc intrinfccc uc iincm 
& caaquam id; cui fccundum proportionis 
^ji/jiifarcm dcbcniut ^^^^^^"^^^ ^^^^ ^^^ 



fff^^ 



Wt tmioci, duratioEti , ub 
ni fognitioBi* iC volitioni . ^, 
jdi formis ut pcr fc ipfjis forcianrur 
adminacioncs quas in>peitjutiiiir 
isaci quos ferutirur^ &: cum qutbus^ 

\A ad^bligacionem Attiner rtfpoa* 
1 j uri prop licEatiSj feu q u i m hoc j m% 
ic in re]i(|uos ijifliudos ab eo cui 
lonuuUi ccaCuc: e nihil alidd illani 
iim obligatii^ieni confcit^utiaf jid 
II , ;i [ q i a iic6 p eccare con tra j us p ro * 
is ne^antcm ahcri bonum^vcl uto-^ 
1 m<ilumjad quod prajftaBclum vcl 
ogandumlcge aliquacjutlitcrcam- 
aeiur iri confcientia, 
:um hsec fcntcaiiacftintokrabills. 
m quit cft contra omnes aucfborcs 
bcnces Philofopho diccnti ubi fu» 
.!.&}. dupliciccr aliquid cfTc ini- 
primo quaccnus eft contra lcgCMi> 
contra obligacionem in confcntja ; 
quaccnus cft ufurpativum pluris 
iifui, & diminucivumbonialrcrius 
voluncatcm domini : nCq«C pil- 
cnusioiqui vitariper juftitiam lc^ 
arifEmcfumptam ; hoc eftpcccol- 
cmomnium virtutumji fecundum 
r juftitiam particularcm. Quod 
B 4 jtv^ 




31 €st{gfiio III. 

pciindc eft aiquc diccic ebljgstionfm' 
cuam tcfpicic jullitia particularislr crc*' 
fpondet juti ptoprietatis cffc dfvcifam at 
aliis ebligationibus in confcicntia ctiaitf 
crga altcrum, 

Dcindc harcopiEioconfuiidit iuftirian» 
jparticularc & partcs eius fubicdliyascum 
paftibasciufdem potcftativis, omnibufqj 
prorfus viitutibusadalrcium quoada^us 
ijpfarum dcbitos <jualitcrcumquc cx lcgcj 
fiquidem omnes a^us rcfpicicntcs obii- 
gationcm ciufdcm fpccici funt & ipfi c- 
lufdcm fpccici. Ea autcm confnfio' cft 
Taldcabfurdautpotcconfundcnscumadla 
iuftitixparticulatis a^us rcligionis, pic- 
tatis, mifcricordia;, gratitudinis, & alios 
tiufmodi ad quos Icgc aliqua obligamuc 
in confcicntiajunde nullacx his virtutibus 
proucdiftin<flaaiuftitia patticularipoflcc 
ciiceieuUumadlum prxccptum. 

Scqucrecur dcniquc omnes peccanccs 
contra obligatioKcm quamlibct confcicn- 
ti;cadaltcrum tencri ad compcnfationem 
rmniura malorum confcquetium cx pcc- 
cato, &adeam cogi pofle a iudicc, atque 
paticntcm camalauti poflc occulta com- 
pcnfationc, quoties dcficcrct aliud rcmc- 
dium i Hxccam^^i cmnia confcquuntLir 

ad 



Bf dtfimffhne ^Wfh^ jj 

sociTi fundatamin jurepropxictatis* Se* 
icla auccm c/t abfurdiffimaj U coiura 
lanini^m coflfcrfnm gcacrisliumapij xxz 
CCC cporirjetanEi cblig;)tiDncs vifiLtumj 
1« tncdo mcmorars^ funt ^ & pcccata 
iDCra \na5» ncc noa concra to;a Dco H* 
a in fivnrcn) proiimoruini & quoad al* 
mam partcm dc hoRcftatc compcofatio-' 
.s occuha: ca<icm (t^jtKla cfl mifum ia 
ludum pcnurliairirRcipubltca: m petft 
I ris hqucr ^ tpparcbtc ciaTtus ci 4iccn<lif 
»fra cJtcainjuiliam. , 

Dtccn^ium jgitutclloblrgat!aDcm|Cca^ 
icocif a^lalccruni fljndatam in jUic^rc^,- 
ictJti:; ulcra sbligatioucm fav&^rjibilcdi 
ccri} ^^oa aniphandjim ,iut ^ii rclirin* 
inciam propriam libcram pottflatem dis* 
jncodi dc rcbus erdinaam ad proprism 
licitatcm, quod eft communc omni ob- 
gationi coafcicntias ad altcrum, fuper- 
idcrc nliam obligationcm non rcftiin* 
:ndi aJicnam cjurdem rationis libcrana 
>rcllaccm, quod eil: propnujn H pc^ulia^- 
pracdicaru oblis^ationis fundacx in juie 
oprictatis convcnicntc alteri. Hccpro- 
(kb eft quod Philofcphus uup€r.ind;ca- 
siaicbac, ipiquum quod vcta^ iuftiria 
.rikulwis, i^cita quod adyciiatUK^jutl 



^ 



3 4 * StS^^P^ ^^^* 

pfoprietatisj & obiigationi xn iilo funda^ 
tac cfTeulurpativum pluris icfpc^lu rui,& 
^iminutiYUm boni altenus contia voloa< 
'tatcin domiiii, 

AcQue hoc idem efV quod collfgitnr es 

«lefiaitiooe juris proprietatis fuperinsltra* 

^ita. Duo cnimini attributarunt^nemp^ 

libera poteflas ilirponendi de rebus jn or- 

dinc ad propriam felicitatem con>^nienl 

hibenti jusi & inimpedibilitasejuspotc* 

ilatis gravans cxteros, qui non habcnci- 

dem jus. Qnapropterqui opeutur contra 

jus proprirtatis lc contra obligationem 

'fundatam ia iIlo> duo nccelTari^ tacit,qu« . 

noB deberet facere. Alterum cft ampliare. 

propriam libertatem ultra terminos iibi 

prarfcriptos. Alterum cflreflriiAprc alie- 

nam cicra fuos, £x quibus non niii alte- 

tum perpetrat^ qui operacur contra obli-, 

gationes in con(cientia ad alterum non 

^ndacas in jure proprietatis. Qui enim 

TOTit bona fua d^re pauperibus & non dari 

-Vel peccat ex ingraticudine, auc defeAtt 

<Uaritli'cis> hoD propterea reftringitfed fo« 

^um'n6n atnpliac cerrainos alicnae liberae 

'fiicu!tatis. 'Nec ampliat fed folum non re- 

'ftrfogffcerminos proprix liberx faculta'^ 

'tis« Quia anteqnam cradancur bona his ti» 

mU/d^biu, noa dc&&^atcilce\us (ropriaj 



7i dtfimtiinf }urh* 
ciijuseraDC, Qcc Huot eoram pi 
bus debcrcni dari > atque adc5 _ « 

Aoium ictencio, ncc tranfgre^itur hmioi 
tcs ptopnos^qiioad booa ictciita, bcc rc- 
ftiiiigu allCOOS, 

Patct auccm obligacionfmicflringendi 
fc tc tivbtanfii atiunk cife loag^ dtYcifani 
aboblig^iricne noD dihtaudi rc, 6c noarc* 
flruigcndialium, ' ijuidcm conira- 

vcntio hujus poH obHj^aiioati Jc» 

uirbacalium a p ...-ne & boiiisfuis, 
iftiL^uc prDpcerca to magis contiifta* 
ELva tpfiu^ pct Te zcerisparibusqoam 
Eranfgrcfrio priori □biigauonl^^ qu^ nc^ 
mincm rpoliat ho**^% |am fuistfcd tautum 
COuii:i vat peccaatem j Q yira^f Jtiftt:]!;! no',~ 
rcffione fuorum bonorum. Quibus fufE-« 
cjcntcrpraroccupata, & foiuta mancrtar- 
gumcnia qua: pro ablurJa illa priori opi- 
nioaeconHci poflunt. Atqucex hisomni-. 
bus apparcc dcHnicioncm propoiicam ju- 
risproprictatif cfle omnino lcf^inmam, &: 
qua circumjaccDtibus difiicultatibus fa- 
tisfieri clarc, & faciic poirir. 

Ad y. Jamdi(^umellparvulofolum cx- 
Liinfcec, & perfornnam inharrcntcm alceri 
rompctcie jus, ideoque parYulum,qui cft 
Doniinus nihil in fe intrinlece diifcrre a. 
'•aivulc, qui noa tfl dominus, fcd foluni 
B 6 \M1^ 



36 Buifih III. 

pcr extrinrccam ciirporinDntm canf^irum 
cx qua pio !cmporc rcdundavit in iplum 
libcrafacuhas gnaljs pn^id tH tn dcfinU 
tione* . O^atic cauikiixiT: Apoflohtsp3[* 
■vwlum nihil ditrcrtc a lervo cwtti di do* 
jfninus omnium. Quij vi<jelicet cft do- 
jpinus pcr fobm cjtrjDLfcnm ficndmiQa* 
tionem> & Djhil ipii aiftiiiEicfl quo difTe- 
lat a fcrvo. De quo plurciiium dicctur 
quasft, 6. lnciidcm nppatcL^jr incidciiteni 
in amcoti^un icrinc:c li^[ji[uin libfrsc fa- 
culratis Dcrtincntis Ail iuiis con^itucio* 
Dcm, idque fulncit iit ius iibmlute in eo 
perfcYCict ; uc app^ircbit eodcm in Ipco: 
Idcm diciiur i fof tioti de dotmiecccbriOf 
^utadaliainien:o« 

Ad 1. Ncmo potcft nti Koncftc rebiii 
fuis in utiliratcm S<: commcdumaliotuiQ 
quin co ipfo (ibi n;aiimc confuUt« Qnil 
opushoncfium eft utile operanti prcptcr 
iTicritum 3c dcle^abilc proprcr luam bo-* 
j)icarem dc pulchritudincm mancuctm im 
memoria perroram rierrvitatcm, Quibos 
dc caufispluspTodeilper fe danri dedide, 
quam accipienii accepifTe : Didiim dcin- 
deeft non unicc & privatiTCj fcd folum 
dirciflc, flc priDcipaliccr ordina:i iiis pro- ' 
prictatis ad felicirarcm fui fubic^fti. Vn- 
lil€ siJhil nocct cius CQncc^rui q^uod a- 




rtlj,* 



i£ ertam ptoiit pio libito ipi 
ti« Id culm cH C^ciiadmam cc mious 
princjpalf. 

Ad 3, Di<flume(i juseiTelibmmfiictil- 
tarcm Jiiponcucli quodd ufus & adlionci 
lcgc pcrmiilii^, Quaic qiiod ex legc* auc 
pT£C£pio {upcrioris obligcturj auc cogi-* 
tui: propiitiaiius ad ufuni fuarum rcrum 
lu utilic^tcm alioruui pro ^liqtio cYCUtu 
fpcciali non collic concepcum jiuis pro- 
prtcratis fi^pcrius cicpjicarum , Ud ma* 
^1% c^iccrccc paitem do^^in^ qua cxpli^ 
catiim cfl". 

Ad 4< Jus jurifdi^iouishabctUT a fupe> 
Tiorc )urc proprictati^ icproinci^fccucidCl 
fc fyimnljurcflijcilcfiibjcirto fuo, & con- 
fert ad cjus fclicitatcm. DifFert tamcn k 
jure propiietatis cx partc terfnini & ope- 
rationurH quas rcfpicit , quia ha: ciirc^ld 
& priBcipalitcr ordinantur ad utilitatem 
aliorum, idc^uc eft eflentialc juri juxifdi- 
d:ionis, uti denonftratu eft fuperius, utili- 
tatcsautem qux ex codem jure refultant ia 
fubjciflum, cui incft, fecundario tantum, 
& indircdccidem anncdutur, Contraria 
igitur &non tantum utcumquediverfara- 
tio eft quoad hoc dc utroquc jurepropric- 
wjis fic iurifdiftioflis, Diftcruac crgo intcc 



|t fti^i/» IV, 1 

fe manifeftS jux» defioiciones 8c cxpofi* ' i 

tionesucriurquefiipcriusilacas» 

Ad^. Jus propriccacisdivinuoi eftloa* 
g^ diverUs ratioois tik jurc propriecatis ccca^ 
co. Qaia Don cft jus dtTinum pilr^.pr»» 
priccacis uc di6bamcft fupra & cxpoiiccYic 
ubcrit3S(^useft. f. Nocarum aucemeftiioB 
femcl in piaefcnciagi de |nreiquodlicptt- 
r^proprict0tis. Quarc defiaiciohujns ju* 
fishuc ufquc cxpofica cransferenda cft ia 
Dcum fcclttfis impccfc^ioniluis quJB in* 
fuBC jttcibui crcacis. Quod prxftabicor 
di£la ^uxft. ^. 

QY JESTIO ly. 

Vttkm ftis fraprhtMtis fji*^ )ur$fdi^sonis ctm* 
MtSUMur iuvicem effinsiMlifer ? 

VI D s T y a ncucrum cum alccro cflren» 
cialicer coone^li. r quia uirumlibcc 
abfque alcero confiftere poceft. Qni 
cnim capic fcfam co ipfoacquirit jus pro* 
friecaciscirca iliafla>^ nullum nihilomi* 
nus acquiric jus jurifdi€lionis> yi cujui 
poirccaliquid pr«ci£cre auc yerace, uc per 
ic facis lii|ucc. Eadcmcftraciodc illo cui 
idoiiaca cftec fera ab eo yenacorc: i.s enim 
craj35J&iiccliiiiIum jus, c^uod prachabcrcc» 



Qon ;prxhjbc[ )Ufirdi£tjoDi£| d: Hc dc altii 
-£milibu5. ArqucotnDCSUniyf^rfzin iionai- 
nescam colUfliT^iquaiti dtdribucivc tuni' 
pti li^bttni jti5 Aliquod propnccacif f^ihem 
rt^Cpe^u hotiorts & fsinitaris ; & t^mzu 
non habcnt finf^idi quilibrt hornincsjus 
jutifLlidJotii^T U potcftacetTT aliis jus di- 
ccndi^ ac pr^cij^icDdi i ut coiiflai fpccia- 
litcr in fervis. 

Simihtcr ius itirifJt^lionis appaict (t- 
parabilc a iurcproprietatis* qui cnihi yo- 
vct obcdicociam alicui eo ipfv illum con*- 
{lirutc rupetiofcm fibi cum veta iurifdi- 
dioncrcrpcdiufuij fi illeacceptetvotum j 
^ tamcii nuUum eo ipfo confcrt ilii ius 
proprietatis 5 quod yidclicct ficri potcft, 
uc nullum prsehabcac transfcribile in a- 
]ium,velnolit in alinm transfcrre etiamfi 
poflTit. Ut fuperiorcs IF. Minoium ha* 
bcntvcram iurifclidioncm,cura nihil ha- 
bcaot proprium. Nulla igiiur cil, intcr 
harc iura, mucua vel non mutua connexio 
infeparabilitaris. 

X. Ncque in rationc caufae & effcftuJ, 
aut c6ditionisfine quanonconncduntuc 
intcr fe, fivc mutuo, five non mutuo. Qu^ia 
in cafu pofito venationis, & fic dc aliis fi- 
milibus^ iuspropricratii confurgit cx a- 



40 €jiUAfiio IV. 

^ionc extcriori capicndi &anifnoYoleii- 

di iibi fcramjfcquecondicucndi finemil- 

Jius> ac<|uc adeo fub/iflic calc jus abfqnc 

aliqua,dcpendcn:ia a jure aliqno jatildi- 

t>ioDis,ejurqucafuyela^ione. 

Similircr ih cafu pofiro voventis obc» 
dicBciamalcericonfurgicjurifdidio iBeo> 
cui vovccur>cx folavolunracevovcncis & 
acccpcancis. Acquinecin vovcncc> oec in 
acceptantc ncccnc ef^, uc prarcxiflat jai 
ahquod proprieratis. Quia iieri potuic, uc 
antefotum ucerque rcnuntiavilicc omni^ 
busfuisbonisjomniquc juri proprictatiSj 
& cflo uterque vcl alter habcrcc jus ali- 
quod propriccacis, illud nihiloroinus fs 
habuiffetpurcconcomitanfcr ad talcm a- 
^um. Quia necTotum, nccejusaccep^^- 
tiofuncad^ioneshabcntis jus propriecacis 
formalitcruc calis; fiqnidemlibcrtasqu« 
rcnunciaturpcrvotum,&qua idcm accc- 
ptatur ab altcro non habctur ab homino 
jurcfcd nacura. Ergoharcduo jurafuucin- 
Ticemindcpendentiaformaliccr. 

Scdcontracft I. Qniaomnis habens jus 
aliquod proprietnris potcd fola fua vo- 
luncatealiquam in aliosobligacioncm de 
novo inducere. Didtum enim tftin qiTxft, 
prarcedcnti jus proprictatis cfle potcfta- 
scmUbciam difponendi aonixnpcdibilem 



ictacis habcnc vlm tnduccr.di de»0'^ 
Ugatioocra i utiincminc^appojflatuf 
Tipctliracniuiii, nrgolioc jns cft cs- 
,hrcr Jiircpmbjk ijwre judrii^io- 
:ujus viiclictt propTJum cH iu4uccre 
aiiontm confcicfittac in alioi» O* 
iiquidcm pccrjDS agir cotiiralegfm 
am obli^^antem iu ic» qujf qaidcni 
tusmii(di£lio0isuof]fnmus, 
onvcrto nccciTccrt jus jurjrdiflionis 
[opiium & rutimrmiplicitcrcjBScui 
feuqui vi cjurJcm poteft ptatcipere 
ii;xis, it^iutqui ilJiaufcirecfiii^juOa^ 
uiciuSj^ut cimdem ab cius cictci^ 
ipcdtrccjUccrcc illi iniuriDmpropnc 
kCoDllatautein iaiuriampropricta- 
•ffcniialicerefrcofFenfivam iurispro- 
itis ', acque idco dari non pofTe noa 
ipponco iurc propriccacis in co qui 
ur i aiuriam, llcrumlibec i^icux ius eft 
cialicer infcparabile ab alccro. 
Ncucrum ius acquiri potcft nifi de- 
entcr ab altcro, fcu nifi acquifitionc 
ndcncc ab alrcro tanquam a caufa. 
i nemo porcft acquircrc ias dc no- 
oifi aliqiio illud fibi confcrcnte, ar- 
adco prjchabcnrc ius quod conferc; 
pcr coxiicqucns dcpcnd^titQ iiuc» 



4* fluifiirlV. 

quoAacqiiirirurdcnoYoaiurealiqaoprs* 
cxiflenti canquam a caufa fua. Odenfum 
autcm mod^efl utrumlibeE ius iocladete 
in fc altcruni, VndedepcBdenciaabutro- 
Hbctinciudit ciiifdcm gencris dependcll* 
tiam ab altcro* Habeot igitur harc iun 
snutuam connexioiem non felum infe» 
parabilicatis> fed etiam dcpendcntiat ft 
€au/aUutis. 

R«Inrationibusdubitandivrrim^spro<^ 
pofitiscontinentur tres conclufioncs cffi- 
cacitcr cemprobatx.Prima cd: omnexQS 
i\irifdi Aionis eH infeparabile cx partc fab« 
ic£li4iurepreprictatis! idcfl> habcnsius 
aliqaod iurifdi^bionis necefTari^ habctco 
ipfo ius aliquod propriecatis. Hoc enim 
omBin& concludic fccuada pars primar ra* 
rionts dubitandi pro parie aflRrmati ya, Er 
confirmatur quia ius iurifdidionis confti* 
tiiicur, ut dicctur qusefl. 6. pcr duo acci- 
dcAtia inhxreatia habenti tale ius> cogni- 
tipncm nimirum & Tolirionem. Accidens 
tucem cx fuo conceptu e(l entis cns.omnis- 

2ue eius bonitas inell fubiefVo canquam 
nieiufdcm; 5c (iquidcm fucritcapaxfe- 
licitacis,ei cflcncialicer infcrvic, ac pct 
confequens convenic cali fubiedlo ius pro* 
priccacisrefpcdbu ipfius iuxcafuperiusdi- 
^d dc juiddicace huiu^ \um. Q^^t^iut 



ImtfiAi^iviih cistJEativc lc formAlitef cA 
roli iurc propucratis fai Ai^ie^i ^ cedttquc 
eiusutilitaEiircufclicitaTj, licct cermina- 
livc & obie^tlv^ cctJnc fcItctraEt atittium 
lc iitcKcra tcrminof proprfcransjacproi»- 
de cx parte tciniiiii £u[ rcptiabilia hzc 
duo iuri. 

Ad i-atlonem dubtundi in coBiraiitini» 
cnx c{l pofteriotpart prima: tatiotiis ad» 
du^c pro partc iiegativa> dlicieijr i{uod 
qui acccpTavJt Totum «bedicDriaf /Ibi fi^* 
ftjTum, coiprohabct ime propiictatis f«- 
pcrioTitatcmfupra voYc&teKi»qijem repu<> 
gnatDon habcrc atirc vocitm iurepropric* 
taciseam libcrcafcm dirpoacndi dc fpis a* 
^ionibus, quam amitcic pcr votum 5c 
transfcrt in alium. Nccfupcriorcs Mino- 
rum funt omoin6 cipcrtcs iuris propricta- 
tis cciam pure fpiritualis, fed tantum cius 
quod verfatur circa pecunias lc ciica o- 
muia cxcerna pccuniis a:flim«bilia. 

Secunda concluno ed : potcfl; acquiri 
de DOYO ius aliquod proprictatis, quia 
proptcrea acquiratur, aut ctiam prxfup- 
ponatur uHum iusiurifdi^lionisin eodcm 
fubicdo circaeandcm rem. Quod conClac 
clarecxprimarationcpartisncgaBtis. 

Quare ad fccuodam partcm primae ra- 
lioDJs pTo parcc a£Srmsitiyz dicicut poic- 

ftaicta 



i.1 

\ 



44 §iiuJti(KlXr 

ftatem hbcram inclufam in iurcproj 
tiscfTc in ir.ipeclibilc licicc ob lcf?,cm 
*vel ah ipfo habence cale ius, vel ab a 
pecioii; dcc cfie neccflarium uc ciu 
lcx favorabilis habeaci proprictacc 
fucricabeoclemjquiariifficic fi aba 
tafueric. llndecxadionibusiurisp] 
tacis fxf ^ .confurgiriQalios novao 
tio caDtu indireiftcj non ob kgcm al 
novam (cd ob novitarem maceriac 
prehcnfae fub Jege prajcxiftenci cxl 
£cione quod exilteret talis maccria* 
Terciaconchiiioefl : omneiuspx 
tatisvcl eft identificatil cum iureii 
£lionis circa eandem rem, vel eft i 
dens ob codc tanquam a principio i 
fa Don folum ideuticc Sc materiaUi 
ll ctiamformalitcc&quacenustaleen 

ts dicitur ^ converfo de iure iurifdi^ 

comparato cum iure proprietatis. 
€onclunoquoadutramq>partctn cn 
-^ nibusdubirandi picpoficis pro part 

Ig mativa. Illaenimrationeslicct no: 

vincantquoadomnia tocum quod 
^^*-' dunt, iflam tamen disjundlivam o 

convincunt, ut colligitur cx carum 
tionc cum iis qusemodo di(fla fun 
fecunda conclufionjfy &cum iisqu 
diccntm folvcndo utioncs cofitrar 




Igiturad urrinEv*juc pancm ] ra- 

tionispofira: pro paneiicgativj, rcipoJc- 
rur ¥cratore noD poflc faccrcfuam fcram 
^uani c;iptrquocumc^i etiamanimi «c ia- 
tcutiQdis adiun^lo admiaicutof fi noti 
prJ:cxiflac lex antecedeeiter fa^i» at fera 
cc<{a[capicniii tirq; nulli dcinceps Hceac 
impcdiic capienccm ab ufu & poneflicpt 
cius. FicciDamt nic lex urrcsofnoes 

cjcreriotcs ptrfc^ .nrfempctic tn oioni 
cvciiru commut qiic pofitA ifta lege 

EuUutii peCet 3c ius privaru pjopiie- 

tatis. Erg6 om acquiiitio huiufmodi 
iuris pcndct cffci litcr i iurc iuiifdid:io- 
niscatiquam a cauia cius pa[dnli,&: qui- 
dcm prxcipuaintcralias. 

Jamquivovct obedicntiam altcri,nul- 
lam propccrca inducetct iurirdiflioncm ia 
ipfum utcuraq; acceptantcm,nifi prjcha- 
berctiurcproprictatis ufum fuae libertatis 
& poteftatem libcram difpoucndi dc fuiis 
ai^ionibus, Quj enim fic vovet, rcnun- 
liat propria: libcrrati, camquc abdicac a 
fc & transfcrt in alium. Qu^i aucem noa 
prxhabet aliquid ut proprium non po- 
tcll illi reauntiarc , ncc in alium trans- 
ferrc. Ergolibera potcftasquajAderat vo- 
vcpti , cratquc dire<Stioni, & prudentia: 
mooaftic^ ipfias iubU&^ 3c oxdinAca. 

a4 



40 f^Afih V, 

ad propriam ipfius fclicicacem adcoqi per« 
cincos ad ius propriecacis eidcm conTC- 
nicnSfCraDsfcccur pcr vocum in altum9&: 
fubjicicardire^tioni ac prudcncije aliciuci 
& ordinacuc ad fclicicacem non propriam 
habencis,(edaicerius ai^uo prius habeba* 
lur^adcoque percincc dcinceps ad iua ia» 
rifdiftionis» (|;uippe libercas propria tq* 
vencisceftringicurab ipfo per vocum vali* 
dum 9c craastorcur in alium» non oiltofc^ 
amore propcias fclicicacis i ideoq» fcmpei 
remanec illi derin^ba quoad uciliuccm. 
Qupd dicicuc libercacem» feu liberam dicc* 
Aionem fuarum a^ionum haberi ab ano* 

Jiuoque noB iure (ed nacura» fuppontc &U 
um« Quia ius nacurale habecur iure fc ttar 
turafimulj uc infraexponecur. 

QV iE S T I O V. 

ytrUm Deo couvenUt )m fropriefMtis $Jfen'^ 

ti^Uter fibi fuherdinsms imfnetUnt^ Qmni^ 

jurM cre0tM ? 

VI D s T V R non conveaire. i. Quia 
ius propriecacis cft eircncialicer ordir 
nacum ad propriam fclicicacem ha« 
bencisipfumius. Deo aucemnihilconTc» 
Airjrciac^adxcscscamocdiAuam td felir 



: quam citcnlivc iadepcudcui^ 

iponiitutDcusfiihilcrearcr. E^* 
pocuic ucnuUum jtis preps^ictacif 
rcDirct. P^cet coarcquctia. Quit 
rubftflcre jus oulioc^tiltcDtetcr- 
ris. Pcrfc^io ^mtcmi qux potdl 
to ia AliquQ cvcatu, in jiuUo e- 
cAc ilH potefV, 

^ui Deusali^uid donavitj potcft 
i transfcrre jq aliucn foU fua vo^* 
Erg^ J.S in qucm iii tr^nsUtuta 
propricratis, babetct iUud cuni 
atia immcdiari i Lola voluntiitc 
ntis. Ergo Dco non convcnic 
diaans (ibi immcdiace omuia ju- 

X didis in quxflione praecedcnci 
tr omnc j us creatum pcndcrc cffcn- 
', jurequodhabctDeusinrcscrca- 
lenfum namque e(l prxfertim ia 
'odremisrefponfionibusomnejus 
itis acquificum de novo penderc 
iter ab aliquo jurc jurifdid^ionis 
:xiilcnte: atquccconvcrfo omne 
iidionisacquifitum denoYOpen- 
Qcialiccrabaljquo iuicprofcicu- 



■4S . fl^^ftto V. 

tis iam prxcxilteiiti. OniDc autcm ius 
crcatum cftacqiiiricumdc noYo,cflcjucdc 
cius cHcDciay uc pofHc incipcie cfTa pofl- 
quam non f aic« Ncigitur ^etut proccflui 
in infinicvm dcpcndcncia: & pratciiften- 
cixincer utrumque ius, ncccile cH Tenire 
adiusaliquodprimum quod nccacquira- 
tur, nec poflic acquiri dc novo, qucidqae h 
proindeftcefrencialiccr ab aeccrno & a fe; 
qualefblumelHusDci inrcscreacas. Er- 
g6 ab hoc iurc csecera omnia iura eflcn- 
tialicer dcpendenc. 

Indidcm rurfus colligitur depcndea- 
tiam ifbam omnium aliorum iurium a'iure 
Dei uon ciTe cancum mcdiacam & rerno- 
tam in rcliquis inribuscrcacispraetcr pri« 
mum, fcu prarccrius indcpcndcns ab alio 
priori iurc crcaco; fcdcircimmcdiacam £c 
proximam in omnibus& iingulis iuribas 
crcacis. Oltcnfum namque eft omnia, & 
iingula iura propriecacisdcnovo acquifi- 
ta,idcft crcaca pcndereedcnrialicer a lct»e 
immediace favorabili rcfpeiflu habencis 
talc aliquod ius, obiigance fciliccc innroe- 
diace omnes oiios in confcicnrta ad noa 
impediendas adiones proprias ciufdcm 
iuris. Ec infuper oftcnfum cfb omne ius 
iurifdidionis haberi ance fuum cxcrci- 
tiamjnb to iiilliii&Ufa> iucc ^ro^^riccacis ; 



Di fMfi Dfr« 

ntcia cotiicicans, Omnis aui^M. 
.igans in confcicnti^ cftii^us jiirli 
iponcnus CAm obltg;iiiDiitm vcl fe 
elpcc cno^ecArioMemcum fupetio- 
:o. Qnii lcxobligaos in confcicii- 
lecefTu^iS condicionati Ciicndi b^a- 
LC 2tcinum, Tcl ad [cmput» ^ jlli 
»e4iacur,ncc obt eatui: veuia a po^ 
afcrrc laaEuniij ^i» tam ^rindc ma- 
Eioc aurem malum foliu Dciis in' 
itcfl ut pitcr. AccjueDeuineccfli^ 
iiitnc porctl ad i!!ad vet jnfcreQ- 
rcl condoaaiidum ht/i fita Tolan- 
t\ rolfti Tcl conjtia^^a cum volua- 
ata. Omneigiiur juscreacum pcn* 
:Dci«Iicer, acimmediace i jure Dci^ 

excrcicio fcu lcgc. 
firmacur* Omncs operationcs phy- 
ufarum fecuodarum quarcnusfunc 
icatiTa: pcrfcdlionis phyficx pra:- 
cis in iifdcm c^ufis dcpcndenc es- 
xcer ac immediacc a coopcracione 
iDei. ErgQomnesop,cracioQcsmo«. 
ibf^aociarum tacionalium crcaca. 
juibus pcrfedioncs moralespracla. 

& jura aliorum in alros transferun. 
:ommuDicancur, dcpcndcnc effcn» 
i, ac ijn/ncdjatc i coopcratioBe 



tiori > cuia ^iifViciacs iiUnimuJj mor^lc? ^ 
jura, c[iia? funt iliaram cff<:diis, p^-^icmi- 
iient pcrfcilionc S: « ftifliationc muldsef- 
fc£^ibus ^^t^ phjficiscjafacum rccjnd*- 
rum i fi Quidcm prioircs illi cffc^lus funf 
proprii fiibftaDnarum ratiotiaHiini, Scea- 
rundem perfe<3:iTi qiiatcnus uUum i in- 
icr cftc^us Ter^ piirc pliyllcos plcttquc 
funt communcs itratioualibus & inani- 
jriaris. Quoadautem pcrfeif^iiis cil magi« 
n^cpcDdet abepcimo j i^uod fi^ilicct ab eo 
fn^gis partkipaturi in qyod plus inAuitl 
ai q u€ ca u fx iccundac fu ut mi n «s Tu fii cien- 
tts fe falis ad id ^uod prrStantius tfti 
quandvquidem ad id ctiam ^uod fninul 
priftat -funt itirufficientcs tK defcftuper- 
ic(5\iotiis. Profcilo rom dubitarc acmo 
^'ortit Kamihcst^ffc pcrfc£tibrcs atque ex- 
«edtte ma gis i uri b us j q na m calotej col otCi 
^lit aliisciufmodi i dubitari minus potcft 
quod iila depcndeapi i Dco immcdtare; 
qul^do h.mc aUa ib ipfo tmTuedliate de- 
jwndcnf. CniHfmodi argntncotuTT!, cft 
tTcqiietss Aiiguftino advtftfus PcbgiAoot 
rtibuciiics Dco quod fttmus 5c ncgmncci 
cidcta qtK^d boDi fumus. 

A^oTicPhilofophus dcpcndcntiam 
Ikm iitrtf picjftittikiu i \%t^ \>aivCdi€li 



n 

IDiffart 2>if. ^f 

Bta^icnit Libro f. Ethiconimi ^l ^«i ue cau- 
(3 1, potKUorurn hoc itts ditinivir erdins^ 
ti&n em focietiith c ivrih cxplic4aseffe£ttim 
pcr cautstin* Qiix E^inwn cjcplicario di3l* 
cuhci cohx^rtc cuin doiflriEta ciur^iem u 
llheri. ^d Thcod, c.j^. ubi dicji : Eil fHod' 
dsm ftMtfira jufium^ injuftMm qu§d ^m^fs 
'JtfM,tumMmHf etji nalU foctgtni ^ut paSut» 
fie. Quo^ipfam dJilmvliusEradii ia pr^^» 
l'c Q ci c 4 p . 7 » d i cc s ; Civii*^ j ufti M-iiu d ns*- 
fH r J ItMliud Ifgitim um^ Et naturMle ^md^m 
tB ^iHfd uiri^He mm h^hft esndem ^ ncn 
fMiM 'vidtfftr, 'vd mn 'videtur^ LegitimHm 
s/ttemr qu9d a principio qHid^m nihil refert 
fttr it n ah ter /jji httU t cum 'vero ^ ofitn m fue* 
rit, refsrt. Id cit, aliud cft j ejs fivc jaftimi. 
quodab ordinacione civili dcpeodccaliud 
quodnondepcndec. Neceireigicurcftoc* 
dinacioocmcivilcmnon codem ubiq> fcn- 
fu ufurpati k Philofopko> fcdalibi prp li» 
bera homioum convcncione fa^a pcr elc- 
^bioscm fponcancam, uc iti pofteripiibus 
iftis locis i alihi |>ro coovcncionc») uc cd: 
communisnaturaliccr in^ca; &habic«pcc 
clcdtioncra liberam, utin primo lo«o. 

Vcrum, uccunquc hoc babcac, fempcc 
defidcracui in Philofopho ulcima juriunx 
hamanoriim j-croJnrio rradira chti atqxle 



J3 SBK^**^* 

iAii\iti(k^. %%ni (|uod Scit paiVfmis illif 

jium cxiiscllf ^HA ulfiqHs utm habtnttAn^ 
4tmt t^' M ffincrfH fmdqttsm- reftrt Jic jtm 
^iittr hftbttknt ^ n^n ^tti* *uidttHrt *vtl tm^ 
nndetur , <^\xod «nim pol^uam aliquid ti- 
fum & potituni c(i% idcfl oidirvauone» tc 
Itgc humaQa fUbttitUE» cftirefciat quti* 
qmmuon ejco pendctcjuofl iia tidciturj 
^clnonvidcatur. Aliascnim darcturpra- 
cciluf in iQlinitum i& kgibus hutxiaDis, 
Pciodc trinlgic^o eounitutionis civilifp 
6c Lce;um mucua kominiim convcMcioiie 
iincdiitc, vd ithmcdtatd pct^l^ctitium noii 

, fblum tpducicpaenasicnvpotalcsjauttaa- 
Cutn circi booa cciti poralia j fcd ctiara pci* 
Tatioacmbcatitudiois. Qui c^e^tus cunt 
f cndear in^mcdiicctoJadiTiiia. voluttcacc, 
AOD potefk induci ulU voluQtarciaucoE- 
diniitione crcata iola. NcccUWi^ igicut 
<(! coojpcraCTO txtoralis voIuntatLS £c ordU 
Hlfriouis divinv. 

Quarcdum non afruTgitconddcratioiii 
Toluntatcmj l^ otdinaciontm divinanij 
BCtcfle e(l uc latcat non folum pfima o<- 

' mnlum jurtum cicAtorum origo , vcrum 
cciam ciufa adcquara intcdiftta acproxi- 
'#Tia, Bc cr partialibusprarcipiaiuuiulcujoi- 1 
wisjtirhutiiu Yccuca^uUidcognici-ou^ i 



I 



Liii4riaaciMc>ltatiatiira.licEriafti.')homiDi^ 
j.etvciiimus ticr cogQirionem nnturalcm,; 
itquc LuTC caulr psirEit^iilan formaliur 
EorrefponiUist ca inaU j qua,* homitiibafl 
?cr Komitie& ob injuriisintliguncuri pfo- 
jtcrca Philofophos obfc rvitot iolim o(- 
Ijoif nacuriiUhxfiiiD ordioa.rioDC- focii* 
arisciviliSi t:ee ukcrius pro[;i^c^ui eft. 
^uod ur aljquam U5 citufacioncni va- 
eicccneadcxails i rei,dequJ iofuitof, 
'rpoStioncm neqi -quam fumcit cjuido- 
Jri t»a divi fl i ta d s, i i n pi « fcnii i ta & ali- 
>t ffcqucrtettionfairistbnLcitii 

Coilieitut poftrcmo jus proprietatis Jc 
usjtjtiuitftioDis divita^e non difticfguiiQ* 
cF fc ▼irinahtcr itttrinfcc^»rcd unamqut 
jffc unicampbjcftivcatqucomnibusmo-- 
liscandem a'c fimpUcemfoimalitatc ab$* 
^uc uUa mutua, vcl non mutua difcrcpan- 
:iapra:dicatorum,qu3c de alrcrntro, utcfl: 
n fcaffirmari vel negari poifunt inJcpca- 
itruter a iclariooc ad fimiUa pracdicaia 
:fcara, & modo noftrocognofccndi in il* 
is fii Qdato . Piobatur, quia, ut di^lum cft> 
joinc jus ptopticiatis diftindum a juxc 
urifdiaioniseffcntiaUccrdcpcndecabMi- 

c / §od« 



54 §^dftio V. 

conyerro hoe ius depcndct ab i]lo> fi 
^idinguatur. Atqucracioin hancn 
pcrias addudla xqu(i convincic an 
£oDem yircualem fuppofica diftin 
>rirruali> nc rcalcm fuppoiita reali ut 
'^ic confidcranti. Quare fi alccrutn: 
difhngueretur in Deo virtualiter i 
fec^ ab altero ncccfle cflecutrumv: 
frias> & poflcrius attcro, virtualit 
rnDfec^; afque ade6 uirumviseoru 
prius & poderius reipfo eodem i 
Kcmpequodlibeceft prius omn-ibo! 
fuDtpofteiiorapoflcriori refpc^uru 
denaeflraciodepofVcriori refpedbu ] 
priorife»loqueQdodeprioritatt lc i 
lioritaceeiuldem utrimqj generis. S 
la aucem eft abfurda» uc ez fe fatis pa 
•libi pluribus oftenfum eft. 

Cpnfirmacar mutua hsec utriufq 

/^ivini indiftindlio virtualis. Quja 

'ius Dei eft efrencialiter ordinatum 

▼iCm ad gloriam ipfius & utilitate 

ftram. RepugnatcnimmetaphYficc 

' aliquidliber^opcrari iDtcndcndogt 

fuam, quin co ipfo vclit utiliraic; 

ftram : aut intendendo noftram utii j 

^ijttineoipfoyclit gloriam fuam. Q 

.IniiisgloriaDei ipfi liheraefturilis 

'P/bilcimus cniin sAoiAcsliclAo \itn 

w 



l 

laftraptoiade incercft habctct 
»lorillccmus. Nihil igkur facttc ^oicic 
Dcus glonofum fibi ^ quod noii fic UEile 
;iobis jdeoquc confcrcDsad QLjikam fcU- 
:it^^em. Stmilirer omDis noftf.i uiilir^s 
tft i^lociofa DcOj quia aihil f^icercpOEcft, 
aifi liabcudofcpro^nceJiccIIcQti^j^C vo- 
icndo fihi gloriam eoruiD omDiunij qu^ 
Facii. Nec caiminccnno divina qaicrccrc 
^otcR ranqudm in fiae exccllenci & hcaii- 
lcot Liifi in ipfo Dcf>. 

Qji^icidtm dtiiHmeif, ut ajt D. Tlioinif 
juaelt. f*<]cpoc.arc.4, ancc fiuciTi c. ^«tj^ 
t>rfij 0mnm propter fttpfum fecit^ (^ ^u&d 
'.rtatUTAs fcctfU profitr earnm effti idefl, 
Kj fibi finr bonar. Qjj^oJ prob^c coiiTercn- 
lo illud pro. i6. Vntverfa fropter feifft*n% 
}peratus elf Dominus : cum. illo Sap. c. i, 
'rea^vit enim Deus ut ejfent omnid, Omnis 
gitur poceftas libcra Dci circa crcaturas 
»ft ordinata indivifim ad gloriam cjus &: 
idnoftram ucilitatcm. Didumautem cft 
'aculcaccm liberam ordinatam ad bouura 
>roprium e(l'cjus proprietacisatqueordi- 
lacam ad bonum aliorum eflc jus jurildi- 
^ionis. ErgQ jus proprietatis & jus ju- 
ildidVionis funt in Deo unica fprmali- 
;as etiam viriualitcx inditifibilis cx par-. 
:e objcdli^ 

€4 OH 



f 6 S^^P^ V. 

ObffrvaDdunv cit, gloiiam Dei rcfiil» 

taQtem ex crracuris dici bcDahi Dco» ft 

i|uid conFcicns ad ejus foelicicatcm noa 

c|no<laliqiiidhoni acercreacip(tt:|crcacii^ 

fisqtio inclius infchabcac^auc qaodillis 

indigcac tic iic fcsIix^vclmagiifuBltZyftd 

Iblum quia cuara Dci glorificacio cfi 

;<|uidcondccco5Cjus iofinicatnbopiraccn» 

'ac majcftaccm s & quia falicicaccm rnaift 

^roluic cum noftra ica coojuogcre oc noa 

-pofHmus abfquc dirplicencia cjus tmpe- 

;.dire folicicarcm noftram; camque im* 

pediendo impcdiamufi co ipio a^um dt* 

vinse forlieicarisptopriumi hoccftcon- 

placcnriani fptcialemDcidcnrfiro bofio 

'9c falicitace. Quam complacentiam p»* 

^racus cft haberc quancum e(l de fc» fi a 

' Bobis non impcdiacur» utqoc non tm^ 

pcdiamus movcc nos ac^uefollicicacmct» 

diis cfficaciinmis. 

. Vcruro quia bxc ipfa complacciicia^fpo» 
cialis nihil inccrcflDei, fed incendicni 
ab ipfo, ac fi iplius iurercfl^c propcec 
vim amoris quo nds amac $c cran^foiy 
4-inacur in Doa, propccrea in ezpoficiono 
jurisproprictatis&fuicacisilli corrcfpon- 
dcDCis ez parce rerom non adhibica cii u\i.* 
licas» auc commodum , ncc fiois ucilica- T 
cis i fcd falicius & &nii Cccundum le I 



ftflilubeiiceaijos. Cdatt^ctgicprfx 
lubttscoftTcatre D«o )us propriec^*' 
[lllisliDperfcdiokiibus jurispropiic* 
;reat] idque u.iiiverrali(fiinum, lc. 
iiace, ac formaliccr fubordiuaDS fibi 
rncii fua omAia jura crcaca. Qugd 
icencum» 

I, RescreatcpcrtiQeac ad foeliciet^ 
iei» Hcec oon cacquam bona ucilia 
»eiie camen canquam boua deceo*- 
am» confercQcia ad cjus gloriam^ 
mta ab eodcm , perinde acque fi i«- 
nceccflec ea habere. Qiod fufficif 
ii ad coBcepcum cAcntialem j^uris 
eucif feclufisimpcrfedioDibus j^-- 
;reaconim in quibusfatlicicas» in* 
^ftfiDmplaceBcia (iinciafeparabilea 



I 



^ I ««/• 




' * w 




tcrminhs ccgativus juris divii 
fion cffc cicaturarum fola Uci 
luntatchoceiirolociecrcicio jui 
peditarumquominuscncnr. Is 
snihttsncgativuscain cik lufHci 
ftcntiam & cxcrcitium juiis, q 
cicns cil: tcrminus poiitiYUS ut 
xarione data. 

Ad 5* Cum diclturpoflTc ali 
fnum transfcrrc inaHum fola lu; 
'tc> 7o fola tantammodo excluc 
catcm alccriusvoluncatis crcata 
ftentia & valoremtrat^slationis, 
Tolunratem ^iv^inam tum leg 
quamunit & rcdditobligatoria 
tionem voluntatis crcatx > tun 
coopcrarur voluntati crcatxcju 
tioni. Quarcomnishumanatrai 
lisdcpendcc aDeo immtdiatei 
moiaiicef lc juridic^, quam phy 

QViE ST lO VI 

ttrhm }MS conftitussmr fer M^Mi 

'IsiTTiinoD conftirui, i 
^um eft jus «flc libcram p< 
^pifAttfautemBOD clki^i 



bJ porcDti^i crgo jus tion coj mut 
^nir^nfccc pcr adtus lutcllciflusj ot toIuu-p 
ftaris, Tcd poiius cA pnncipium cgiLim 

a. LicetappncacioageDtisad p^fTuni fic 
.nccelljiia , uc principjum adivum cxcr- 
cc:.u at^hviia^cm fuami nihilomiaus ap- 
pJicatT^ non pcrtinec Sid cohflitutiancni 
sintriHrccam a£l] viiatisi cigh rimiliicr li- 
ccicDgnitio alic u ouc yoJitio iintocccs- 
tXna; adjcxtrrciti m juriSi oon pioptctca ii 
actus pcrcintnc aJ cooftiruiioiicm i0crin- 
lccavii ip^us juri&^quci^ tit viitui a^iva, 

3, Jaia rcrum rransftn^ntur ab aliis ad 
aVJLis hmniivt^ JanacicnibuSj coniiuifti- 

.bus> & aliisinodis« Ac^us aurem intellc- 
clus & voluntatis nulia racioncab aliisad 

.aliosiian>fciTi pafluDt, Ergo juia funt 0- 
mnino dillindla ab iis actibus. 

4. Qnando alicui aliquid donatur, ac- 
qniricur ju^ donaraiiQ pcr foUiin acVum 
•voluntacis, quo ipfc acccpiat donationt-ip. 
Qua?libct cnim cognitio antcced^us huiiic 
a<fluni Yohunatis dari poceft>quaiacqui- 
xaturjus, quarhbecautcm fubfcqucnscim- 

, dem acfl^um pia.'rupponit jus jam acquifi- 
tum,crg6 nuUacogniciopcEciact ^d coa- 
ftitmiijncm ifttruifecam juris, 

C 6 j.Dci- 



4% &!^fP^ Vl\ 

5.Dormiens, arncnSycbrius. parvifSxet* 
pcrs lationis , ^ nihil arcendcns a£ln aii 
zcs jatibus fubjcd^as» aut ad juiidicos ca* 
yum ttfus potiuntur juribuSj bcc cotiet 
illa^^amittaDt, quattcs ccifant ab omni 
a^ttpertiociitiad jura rcrum fiveheccflli-^ 
rio (pcflTaoCy (ivc libcrc, £rg& a£^us toccl* 
lcflusy & voluatacis non pertincnc io* 
Hinrec^ad cziftcBtiam aac cficntinmi ft 
conftirutioncm jurium. 

6. Concingit amitti jura rrttiictTte eoj 
i|tti ilia amittit omncs a£bus incclleAntt 
& Toluncatis quibus prius czcrcebMmr. 
Amiccancurcnimrspcpcrdclidla>perfctt- 
tencias judicum, pcr praefcripcionetalio* 
roma1iifq>fimilibusmodis nihil ca de le 
cogitantcautftatucntc eo» qui illa amic- 
tit, adcoquc nulla cxidcntc Tariationc 
nAuum ipfius pcrtincntium ad inccllc* 
^umi ic voluncaccm. £rg6. 

R. Jusdicicur multiplicitcr non (olnm 
tz partc rcrum circa qua$>erfacuri 9c ex 

!>arcc pcrfonarum quarum c(l propriiun» 
cdeciamfecundumfc, &fecundum fuam 
cottfticucioncm incrin&cam. Aliivd nam« 
quecftpurc cxtriBfccam ilii pcrfonz ctt- 
jus cft proprium,camquc tantum extritt* 
fecd dcnominaos. Aliud informans itt- 
Siiufcti fiibieftuQl cuias cft. 9.arfas iat 



istrrGffce iDfoujiaiYS; aliuiJd ulc 

^ aliud a^^alc ^ jiliud ulumu «om^Ic- 
tumi aliHdjncompleittm. Prinitimciiim 
cui Ux aliqiia f;&vct quoAd ufus aJicuius 
fci & {funsdutilirarcifi cxcjpercipictidam 
pofita 3l]qt.u CQocJitionciCumprimumca 
coniitcio potiituf 4 f^tie rti dicitur c^o- 
Tftiireiltius iii cAmiemjtamctS nuiiaipii 
afFuUeric t)otitt:k taljs iegiSj aucraliscon- 
fiiiionis iam eixiftentisjideoque ni>aduin 
jtabcjtpotciitiam io adta ptimo pioiimo 
Jiliernm adpcicjpicfidam cam utilitatem 
«otc^^ic ufus e^ecuciour maiiciitidos. Ve-' 
lum caleiuicd radicaletu)tum& ineaii^ 
Ta, CumTett^ fupcrTeucritcogiiiTialic le^^ 
risj & c5ditianispettcgctn tequiGiar^tuDc 
incipir ad eflc ius ifltrinrccum,3£ forma- 
lcjfed Qondum ctlultimo complctum af- 
que dum addatur ulterius confenrus, lc 
atccptacio pratdid^ae lcgis iam coniuD£^as 
cum omnibus conditionibus-cx ^€t\% pcr 
ipfam, Didum nimitum eft fapra ius 
eflcliberamfaculcacem muairam lcge fa« 
▼eocc ipfi & gravancc aliost Cum igicur 
favores U bcnciicia non confcrancux in« 
yiti%% idcoquc non forciancur fuum ul- 
cimnm cfFe^um & complcmcDtum quo 
«fque illis confentiac is cui favcnt, nc* 
- 5cfic cftj accofiiicioaijprafdidlaxum Ug\ 

k«our 



6i §lHdJlh yi. 

ic coodicionQiB acced^c confenfuSi^cac* 
ccpcaciocjus, cui cadc lcx favcc,nccprin$ 
complcca uhitpo crit Tidcgis ad obligaa- 
. dos aKos> oo iiQpediaqr cam perlobam k 
percipic^da U:cilicacc> 9c ab afibiifr rei ipli 
deftinacae. Accc4f9ceauccm eo coDrtoliiy 
& accef caci^i^e,. ac proinde conjund^a %z 
cogoinovc cuiB kocai^uiohuicacis^cunc 
vecd cji^iiliic ju$ iticEinfcQ.uni a^buaie uUi- 
ipaaco^f^l^um acquk^ perfcdum. Tcani- 
a4^^. MeidkC^ ^ogaf cioaCi,a.uC eo a^u volun- 
fatistnc^ fu^cv^aif.i^^e cencraria volun- 
|a^e, a< iwaAs^ciene )us incric iocrini^- 
.cuB^^\|idcmjLfedcancu^H K:%bicuale. 

Ji^ quidetn pfife^ie^R€mada:qu4canri 9c 

Hlcimo convpletam jucis d^ri not; poflc 

f)u<^ nfg^e erid^nr ptapdi(5la cpgnttio, $L 

.'volitio^lacf colligitkuf cx dcfiniiione )«- 

nSa QjiiaUbcr^fACuicas ad ufusreialicw* 

iDsqua^^zftj^ficinimpedibilislicicc^bLaUis 

• txiftecf ^fquaquam pocc(i nou c^rinccein 

;pcimis^cogHicioneob)c^icircaquo4exoc- 

.fcii44ilIac>ft,^niodi quo oxerceci pocol^. 

. Cogi^icio caim ^^(j^uali^ percinct ad coa* 

^imtioni^ini incfinfccam paecncis prpzi- 

ma )il^cr«, ^ calis decQCfninaca cofKnicio 

•4 Q€iiiftit|icionfm c^lis deCfcminaU p^* 

. tf oti?i, Pfinde atque (in.c 9.^u volmi* 



^ctapordlcifc jQimpcdLb] 

t urtL»cadcni]cgccoticciro&. vqim 
obligaE a<l noD impcJirioDcm 
leacccpicrurab co cu^usiticercfl, 
( aiuc conclufum cft. Qwia veio 
ifecd atHciciisaUqucm oidinacur 
iitEclLeduSj $c voluDtans modp 
i^Sj 0cquc icbtcadcofdcm habfnc 
lam 2ethmabtliTaTCj& unliratcDi 
nrcl]c:£>ti4lis> St habiiUjToIutatis 
us rubotiri polluoc ii<icm a^us^ 
i fccuodu fuuxD concepcum adjCi' 
A complccumacqucprimarioj iC 
ItEcr cotiretitu fub ca vocc couni- 
as a£tus iuctUe6u5 & voluntatii, 
lc u rccn ot u m , Sc cx 1 1 mt i: c u m ^ feu 
nim ,- fcd hahitualc tantum > vcl 
inadxquatum eatenus jura dici 
s eefdcm illos a^lus in fe couti- 
jucYifuainducerepofrunt« 
Liherapocedasin rationeproiimc 
onftxcuicur intrinfecc pcr co^^ni* 
& ()uaj eft ez fuaiacione inihipe- 
iicice condicuitur intcinfece pci: 
incm veram rcprxfencacivamlegis 
Is illiciram impedicionem, & pcx 
:ioncm ejufdem legis quatcnusva- 
aximcobligarc,{iacceptctur. Er- 
ftai libcra, qu« fcciiaduxn fe prx- 



<4 &!f^fii^ V I. 

cis^habctmtODemgciMris rcfpefta }Qtfi| 
& dcf«£lttsjuris,(ietcrini«acur ad rationem 
juris (anqttam per tationem differcjitia- 
lem>& ttitim^complettTam per cain co- 

foitionem» Jie irolitionem »cceptaiictm»i* 
eoqae jns eonftitoitur intrinfec^ pci o* 
tramqoefteiindum fuum coaceptum dif* 
ferentialem , & rpecificuin, ^" • 

Adi. Cognitiodirigens adum Toion* 
iatisnon eit pura appUcatio» &conditio 
fncqoa »on • fed infiuic prxterea paiti*li* 
ttr pemcram^efficicntiam immediatam ia 
coodemadmn > de quo alias plura difia 
Aint.Deind^ ut cognitio dirigens nceiiccm 
jarefooefletpura conditio une q.oa noa 
^ooadpbyiicam cntitatem a^us». q^o i$ 
•lercetnr > nihiiomiaus conUixoit eundcm 
]ncrinfeceq.ua£enus operantem inimpedi* 
biliterimpeditione licira ut eftenfttm.eft 
fupra. Conflitoitigitor intrinfecc potcn- 
tiamliberamqoatenus jnre praiditam et« 
jamfifupponaturnoniofluerephyfic^tM- 
ftu Tolunratis qui eftpropi ius illius, At^AC 
hatcpofteriorsatioYaletetiam deadlaw* 
>uatati«acceptancc&voremlcgis>quoprK^ 

Jnnnita exiftit pocentia libera utentis)nre 
ao« 

Ad |. Jura dicontOr transferri ab aliis ai 
alies homines qua^AUS qui ea uan^f^* 



\ 



dlutitacG^: opcriciune (\xi^ e: ' 

icin its f adquoseatransfciUiii.« eo* 
ocni & volitionem limiU* ijs, per 
Lsraiu^inarliabebanr. Quaic juradi- 
r ciaiibfcm lacQ quodam modot Hc 
itcrtaniumicvjmreipr4CJ(trtaciDCOj 
\m diticisrmQfifcrrJ «noirumJusBtt* 
Id^i ti dum ab co q u o d t n harrcE crams « 
i lcu qiiafi ciansferenti Quo lolH* 
;|yivt»catio Tulgarts Jocurioais «^c- 
itiSTCiiramii iinproprictaccrua. • 
^^Qupd )uf incriDfcc^ coAfticurafft 
X lolufn pdra£l;um Toluticitis ulcimii 
lcQtcm ac dcccrmibantcmracioiiem 
federiam per cognitioncm immc* 
dirigci>tem eum adlum, faftura cft 
>lo nBagaorumau^iorum D. Thomat 
rium condituentium beacicudiotcn» 
deotiam, prardcdiDacionem , lcges dC 
miha oonea fola entitaceperquaal 
hhc fufiicicQccr difFexc res de qu^ 
turab omnibus aliis^qualis CDticat 
praefcntivolitio, utconcludicurbc* 
>bje^ioner fedetiameai vclcafola» 
lam prim5 & principaHtcf babetur 
ilio propriae)ufdcmici;qualisiDr^ 
ijufmodi proculdubio eil cognicia. 
ncs ver5 cxrcriores quae in juriuMV^ 
acioiae , dcIicwAC i ac^ui&tioBCt 



6€ flMiflh VI. 

& habitioDC inccrvcniunc funt foliim coa* 
dicioncs(inequibus non refpedlu a^uum 
inccrioruniquibusjus incrinrccccooftica- 
tuai cft fupcrius , vcl func caufx fpccicram 
iinpccflarumicz quibus proctduDciidem^» 
<luia.U;Cconftabic magisinfra prasfertimda 
agccuxdepoflefltone^ ubi dependcnter ab 
kacdodriaaxncundacftcoDCordiacttmja- 
zidis inrcncis praecipu^ in a£biones czterid- 
res.CPAftac inccrim pcrfefVioncm pracci^' 
p^atB eonccncam in conccptu diffcrcntiaU 
>4j:i.$pertiDcreadcognicionem. Speciesaa- 
(Cmcujufquerci concincc in fc intrinfec^ 
Bon foluRiracionem uccunque difcretiva 
fuiabaliisifedetiamracionemprimarioac 
priBcipalicerperfcdlivamfui.Inquamvccc 
inconfptu. differentisli & ffeciei, quia an»- 
musfuicezponercfolum confticutiva dif- 
{crcncialia jucis ; cum caeccra aliis qaoquc 
rebuscommunia«quacconcineDCur in po- 
,cc(laielibera &aliis patciculisdcfinitioDfS 
jurisnonindigeantczpontionc>certCDOD 
fichujuslociyUtcipoDaDtur. 

Ad f . D ormicDS > amens &c. habent jura 
•^el habitualitcx in fc incrinfcccj Vcl ex- 
crinfec^ tancum per dcnominationem ez 
.difpolicione caufarum valencium indu- 
«crcetiamulcim& dcccimiaacarum qaan- 

cuaa 



J^e roisfihuf ;«m. 

cxfc^d iLiduccndum cognicioncm 
iotscm <niibus clTeijtialitct confti- 
jus adiulc iiQiciiic|ucitirriafcciim, 
ra cjfpiicatuni c(li arqnc ad hoc 
;erj cjufmodi jura otdiuajiruf uu 
L uDtacum ciV, 

^. Eflo ficri poflit ut qni amitric 
cpt^habitura recjncat inAtctiaLitci 
, omues cogaiH^Dcs & volitiotici 
arhabebar* dum jurc poiJtcfari fie- 
^e DOB potcftutrctiDcatcafdcmfojt- 
r. <j U3CCU u^ valcQCCS conftitucie jus. 
jus conitituitur pcr cogaitionem 
formaliccr ut vcram lcgis (avcirris 
i jut & gravaatis alios in favoremi 
aeque pcr volitionem 4ire(5lam pcx 
n cognitionem itidcm ut formali- 
am. Parct aurcm impoflil>ilc effc 
f!o juic^pcrfevcrent nihik>minusca 
io & volitio formalitcr ut talcSi 
:m amiffo jurc ccffat co ipfo fa- 
:z amictcnti> & grayarc aHos ia 
m ip^us. 



QXA- 



ciyss rio vii. 

Tirhm $§mmuni$ Mvtfi$nit jMris « #y fnm 
frmcifU » ii^fmb)i&$fi$it hnsH 

VIdbmtvh noneffe boQ«. i. Qttiajni 
i^6inoatcex difiilitur ex parte pxiact» 
'pii innaturaleygenciam,ac pofiviiTttai» 
tfaBeaucemdtyifiononeftbona, qatajnt 
^geaci^imdiciturquodapud omnes gtoMS 
" uaifoimicerYigec. Quodautemapa^ o«0» 
nesgcntes UBi?ormicecviger,|ieccflotftpc 
iofitanacara.Namquodr libera honiiafi 
deccrminaiiene dependec variabile eft,nec 
abique flc rcmpcr uniformicer conciteic. 
Brgoiusttacaxaictciusgencium Aonlonc 
Aaaefpeciesjuris, 

t. Itiri Ecncium 8c poficiro commane 
oft quod libeca hominum eiedbione Sc con* 
tcncione conftitutum fic , rolttmquediffe» 
S^uor, quiaquodgeociamdiciciir ,ubiqae 
&:fcmperTiget2 quodverd civileDonnifi" 
apud aliquosauc aliquando.Quse diffcrcn* 
ciaeftfolumpenes plus &miDus, folaqHe 
fttbfifticczcenfionemajotivcl minori quo- 
adccmporaautperfonas. Hujufmodi auc2 
differenctapeoespius&minus non variac 
/fedemi atque ideoca diyi&o cft, ^urd 



lircAiicemdiyifioconTiiicicoreC- 
poc^ maccdaliiacqsiBttcibi, ^iua 
«coi & filiam } Sc fimilircc inccc 
m 9 & feryum qooad aiiqua datuc 
l, & fimplieiccr caie > quoadalia 
aalium omBiQ6 Tei caie caDtuai 
n qtti4 & impropcid. Hx igicuc 
ia: czprimcndas fuiflTenc pec diYi* 
ooB illae aiix iiaud quaquam coa* 
pacioBCsfpccificas adcquacc iaccc 

icbrisiBptimif cftcum apud |ttffif 
um apudTlieoiogos^Cationiftas 
icacisinqtt«ft..i. diTiiipjuiiscx 
Bcipiiinnacuraie>gencium & po* 
i Bon cameo ab omnibus codem 
: modo accipirur. Quia a iurifpeci* 



SKqaedepeiidetab infliii^u fimiHini 
€t\ii brucorum extftenci in «(limaciTa. 
dcjusgcDtiumitdcm appcllancquod < 
eftTtrucuryqiMBdcrttntpropria homii 
di qttorom l]K>ftcftas atqaeiohoncftas 
pendunabeorandcm &rbxctioac vola 
tt:t f ualia fuoc D^iim coiorc » fideniTc 
re^ Don mcncici>tantoodem ted<icf e^ i 
(lUB accepecis a voience oompen&cioi 
Tkcoilogi .ycxd jas «acuralc appel 
prowiCca^ qai^qoidligac, homincv ii 
pcndcater ab eoram Itbera incer fc coa^ 
ctoneac legepec-ipfos laca.In ouam j 
nacvtalis alarpacioiiem noararo ip fi c 
^mt )«ciicM(iilct defleftanc oc adT 
LudoTicttsMoUina ex confcffiooe Ji 
jciani di%. ^ pfop^fiacm. JusTcroj 
Cium ii^cm Tkcologi confequeDcer ap 
faiat cun^ CoAoniftis cr cap. jus geutt 
^Qodex tibera hominum coovencion 
ll^apudplcrafqs Tclomnes ProTinci; 

te&cesrigcc. Hujafmodifttncrerumd 
ooes>, legacoram non violandoru rcli 
fervitos^capcorumi>dlo|ufto 9c fimilia 
Rm&siii rcrcio diTifionis membrc 
rifpimci collocanc jas ciTilcquod a fec 
ripo^cftaca defccndic fiTC oniTcrfalicc 
uifomiccr apud omocs» fivc fpecia! 
Mjfud alif aosv YclapudaU^^xisLdccei 



igeaitiiiiii, CanoAicami ecCMIet 
\lli dtiplici ift<^ pofleriori mttnbro^ 
BJubjiArepoiiciyb compreheodQiFC 
I4<if«ibeft libers homitiDmicosofti* 
i five imifortBitet ubivetiki^e apii4 
vAirtf lcfoCfae: &TciK>fiie<a uttmN 

. di't1£o jwisex paTteprincipiii tftin 
«i>Se1rairtiai]£.DiTitili dicitdt qWHl 
iTivt Tolantate ftatiiicitr-: buma«- 
m creatum qw>d ab hamaDa ttiuia 
;rftaYol«n,tat€ dqpendet. D^iyiBtrift, 
ft^tinirmnacHralesaliiifl diyifttitti 
um.DiviBfi naturalc dicitur quod 
diTina volu^at^&ncicurr , qita exi*- 



j 



i% SlP^Jii* VII. • 

faltein p romulgatio fun c iDcrinfccJ fapet^ 
aacurales. Quod (i fola promulgatio fit fa* 
pcrnacuralis , obit^luin-taUji iuri^ 4icim 
effcdpiiircdiTioopofitiTOdc •acHAdii^Si 
TCti oUcftum ctiam (ic rupccnatudc^ffkM 
ipfum dicicur efiede iuxe divioo pofilf • 
taocam* Prioris^geocds fuiK.qiiJC«Mm*. 
.fientnrin decalogo: poftcriorisTicrdgcne* 
nsCancufusSacramentorum Ac alia dvt. 
modi. lus humaDum cft quod ab ariMStta< 
& Yolancact humaua dcpcndeci acque 4i^ 
Tidicur io Cauonicum 6c CiYtlc»^aonua- 
nociooesiam daca; fuDC« 
- HxcomniaconfidcrattCacaltiritifeQt* 
Bonidis pro ezplicaadis legibas fe iucf j»i. 
rifdidlionis>dcquibusmod6 ooo agi^or. 
Quare illa peccinenc ad hunc locum caa» 
cumindireAc» quacenus ius propriccactf 
depcndet a iurciurifdidkionis ; & a legibut 
per ean* latis tanquama cauU 8l principio 
Ucdi<Skum e(t fupra« Vnde fic uc cocidem 
modis di vidi pofiinc ius propcietatis Bc a* 
dtus pertincQcesad ipfum-Ius enim pcor 

friecacis fufFulcum lege nacuralt diciCOc 
uum ipfius , cuiiocIt« iure nacura? ; & qai 
impcdteric adVionem concencam fub calf 
iuredicicuropeiatiiatquumcoatraiustta« 
turale & fic dealiishuiufmodi. 
' /a^atcoraU fc {o&UTam^xr^uocam 



inocic rclit|mrum drrifLaiiutn inter^ 
tiafaciUilcduciiiir, tfkmmunKcjcx* 
nrui: jaxtji mciucm pkitor^phi pro- 

iie^referc quia ita viiiemi: vel 06^ 
ur: 14 c{l ideo Dbtijr^c ^uia ita ^^ 
n cit irbiuio & voluiiute liber^' 
lalereioeftquoil refcrCi atqac obli^ 
: namra rci» nee peadcc ^ire^ld 2c iin- 
ac^ ae formalirer ab arbitiio & tibe» 
julquAm Tolunc^cc. Ini^aam Tcii 
;^ & immedia^c ae^ formnttur, ^uia 
rniibeia De« exi^e&tii bryitiiiiutii s 
iam iicccfre cft ar finr cidcm libciii^ 
umijuead KomiQisGzideaciamcoa^ 
Liltur ex nacuca rci. Cfterum quM 
»iica Komini^ cxifltati^ adn datiti 
libciMSidea fanciendi vdl kouran* 
a,qujt j.uris Rscuraiiicficdtauuittit 
erea lioc jus Uuedd £: immediAtd se 
iticct isbti efl libcrum a modotio^ 
oncipicadi &: juicta ordiucm rerunl 
To conDaturalitcr fir^rftiptum , Viw 
ipfii £r eadcm 3c x;que immcd^art. 
15 Dci ad cxiftentiam KominrsviC 
illenciam juxLS iiut.utAlis ati^ue ad 
L & fiuauU qii^ iadc natUiallrcit 
^muiicat. 
oiturAlciiciturAb oOiiiituKiinuti^ 



I 



Jus natnralc 4j ci tur ab om nibus im m ttf 
TabilfSc iDTAri^bilecum FhLlofapho loc6 
iadicito qvLmi^, ^* quia quod ad aacLjraM 
C^tii^fq^c neccfTarid conlc«|uiEnr D,on po- 
tciliDUtariatit Tariaii jnaDCntccadcrn d^^ 
tura. Eiufmodiaurcm cll insnacuralerc* 
Ipc^il nitnrac humanae. Scd corifiicrin- 

' dunictlnaruratn humanam, ticct {ir fcm* 
pcE^^dcni <iuoad fuam rubflanriimaccf^ 
fcntiaini idcoque fiat immucal^nu iura 
fpc^a^tia ipfjmcius paeuram fccundum 
fc i potTc tiihilointnus mucau ac Tatiin 
aupad accidcntalcm dirpoiitloCLcm, ctim 
lu^imif rum c<}rporis:^ ikac conftqneiy* 

' ici: contingic citirari ac variarf marcriaU- 
rcr iusji^curalc; ica ur cadcn aflio ma'^ 
icrialis (|ux anrca Hccbat ac dcbcb&cur, 
icdt^^cur pa(lca illicUa propter divcrfam 
^ofninis aDCca Sc poflci difpoficiapciii. 
f^^upd cipUcatur communircr citcmpl# 
iIc:po|i;L llcciiimdepo^rumrcdditurac* 
poncriii » iuris naruriJi& c[t ; & ramcn £ 
jiupiiCBS arma tncidar in tmcnri^im ac 
fciror^^n^^auf fiarKo(hspttrrae,iion funr ei 
ipe^icida^um^tfi ill^i repofcarjcadcm cft 
jtjLtio dt,i|Jiii^ qufmbdi iutil^us: fuadatii 
11 o n i a fl a r tuaTio ru i n i i fc c u n d u m Te^ fci 
^qi^arcnus fub^ft Cali ycI r;(fi a^cidcncf ac 

^aruif ideoquc €a|%ciM^ ^x^t^ddtiis. 



^articipac m:)^na ci parre ius ^rctirium 
iuxta Thcologoram 5t Canoiiiftjtuni 
ururpati^iitm t «^izia futjtiactir io ncctni* 
patc mor^li boni mam a d f }J iid m iitua coa- 
veacioiicfancirndam* Dcticic vcr^omai» 
ti6 ob coQtrariamfAtioncTTi ^beJ^iccn im-< 
miitabiUtitc & invariabtlitatt ius poiiti* 
vum» proat abiifdcm uftirparur. 

Jaarcx p^rcefubitdlidividituriascom» 
muniter iu patGruiim, o&couomicum So^ 
Jieiilc, Cifca quam ditifioncm D, Tho* 
mas Sc Phltofophus ubi fuprt ille art. 4« 
kfc cap« f , 5C c^ieri omnts doccnc tioii dari 
ius 5c iuilum fimplicitcr iatti patrcm & 
filiuni. Quia ius Sc iufluni cfTcDtialittr cfl 
s^l^lcertttt). Filiiis aucem non cft fimpli- 
clterakecikfacf e, fed comparacitr cam ipfo 
ttmq^ampars eius. Quod nonnulli iater* 
f c^tes icd^tunc de communicacion« u- 
friafque quoad paccem corporis ratione 
^QVracianis. Verum h«c inccrprecacio ^ 
itifi prdmoTcacur ulccrius & afTamacur 
tanqaam^fandamentam raciohis formalit 
Mc immediaca; fuftiBeri nequaquam p«* 
teft. idquc duplici dc caufa, Prima cft 
4aia Philofophus & D. Thomas cadcm 
ratione, iifdemque verbiscradanteandcm. 
iif&rijiaMi ic,Doinino Sc fcXfO '» U tameUL 



fccTUSnoii cft pars pkjfficui domiDL Alce* 
^aracio eft qaia incei liiitimcmaiicipauMi 
lcpacccmdaccif jus 9c ^ii6iif»A«>Vli€WM 
it lUMa ; coittcijpf Uo<i 0QttnfffVli«ufaMr 
«K»tMHonamyh7fifiM9»<)iM HihinlWf 
ficrgiuMCAtisiMou SimUMct^iilwjistop 
£mplksittt iBtcc pntrcmF U SUwn m^ 
BOttdom cmaocafaftam* <|isooA bon^ 
ftrenfia fiUuqitocnm tamiBQ.bw9rsm^i«^ 
^jiificio aott mta«s^4cpeiU^44pittfm* 
«ioftcis ^mm vidcljcci'^ ptnoM ofij)%:*i. 
f cicisdiiiis a4 milicicmfr-^Aiiicideft. Akor 
jsomm eaiftrcnfiam. •! ' •-•i"^ 

: Diccndnm igicnr cfti idco otcJlMcs M» 
ccemacfilinmi nec.inCct;DomMa«mA:i» 
Tum dftri itts lc jaftUin fimpliciccfvtftii 
citkcttm ftcttttdam qttidLdc« cnm itmittcto 
aefctliccr paccrnttpiL^ec doinfinftnyMli 
i|Qia filittft eft pars moralis rcif cdhi ptf 
cris» a^ fioiiltccc fcrrnS refpedn Dooiitt^ 
fittncattcem uccrque^ parc^ moratcs t|ilta 
([tsbjaccfic ▼olaataci:ipicris ^ domJtti'#4 
«ttinimodam quo fqbjacenc cn)ttfqi|cvbr 
iancaci manns ^ pedcs ip^. Haccnim 
dc canfa inccr doos^ citcs qtioram ncttcc^ 
fa]inlteroeft> agnofcanc juftum fimplici* 
f ec» acqttcctacmplum Jaris ac j«ft4 tnacia 
iiaieqiiaqi pLecM^|poH\ii|c4piid.eiii BW* 
iaAfhn$ 4c:P< Tl9PBvai»UmAiu«MiAtmir 



.. 1 

It qai^ neurcr cotuhi rub ahcio i 
«aim ^usfulibcra facuUa^jafrcriTasrtcjUL*, 
it:aa4mioiic[n juris icjuRi noQ confirtrT, 
R diflitidiotie fuppo^coium Tcd JQ <iiverp 
uaicHbcnAtiG i qua; iiverHraf tvon tJatur .* 
LmpliciEer iu iis quorum ahcrfub ^iJtcro 
[ft.ut co&rtDgit lA fiUo dc letvo refpcClll^ 
^ati:rs„& domint, '\ 

Obrcrvaijda h<ic io late c^ diTeriituV 
'iibicfiioDis qua: eti civimn ad Piinciiicim 
beaquareftfilii & rcrvi ad patrri |f 

nioyrtt, Pfiaccp icicn c> '^ 

roiefteum cjYibus yu»*» 
ftoquam cmn fab "^"«i 1 

iii:i jurifdiftionb^ atqut mu 
litUL-ipccr cas juf 5c juflumc^uoe citol]^ 
cdum ;u(titjx patticulaEis. fcd qnod tik 
i4>^^£tu obedieDtia?. Secundo comparaii 
>&tc{l Priticcps cum fingulisciTibuK tan^ 
juaiB hofnocum; hominibus ftxfun^co^ 
lO a juie iaiisfdi^ioais» racioAC cujust 
!DUspr«(ft& alii (ubfunt; at<juchocpa- 
lodacur tncer Principf & fubditos Jtis 6c 
a(lum (implicitcrquodeli ohjud^fijuRi* 
iz pamcularis. SiiBiiitczcigo pacclc &^or 
ainus compar^ti q«atcnos tales cttfti £lio 
lc macipio quatenus calib* fuat iacapacci» 
urisaciuOi £mpliciter>licec cjufdem fia.c 
apaccs 9 uoadcii^ io qaibvts c^mpaucixut 



I 






7t fiUAjih VII. 

piccxsdttthonniucsabrqae fabicAioat 
Bius ad altcium. Talia fuot quae.ail ani 
qucmlibcc homincm pcitiocnt iare 
. tvLix incapaci cxccpcionis. 

Unde K patcr aut domious abatei 

morefilii aucrciTi ; cofTeimimrencei 

\\ , famaiet, macilareti aut occideict» \ni 

ftnipliciccc agerec. Eadem eft racio d 

liononemancipatoquoadbona caftrc 

9l decmancipacoquoadomnia fua bc 

necnon de fcrTisqnoad nonnallain< 

^ bus ]cgesezccpcrunti»'favoicm libeti 

•coruiii. Quoadbaecenim nuUa eft fu 

(ftio filierumft ferroruniadpacies & 

siinosy idcoque comparantur pixcis 

liominesbeaeficioTcl nacur« proTidc 

tationalicacifabdicorum & digaitari i 

tlacae in illa remidibilicer» auc nen anr 

bilifinecnlpa; tcI Principnm & Rer 

l'/)!:. pablicaium Toicncium piomoveic pi 

"i lcgii&.militiam aidiiam cx fc & ncc 

^r ziam s aut excicarcdiligcntiam ztat: 

I,. iioium iam fatis adultx fibique fuffic 

^)i tis; aliifTciudisdc caufiscximenciu 

;1- : liosdc f«Tosap<acna & hrrili potcflat 

Excac poiio difciimcn-quoddam ii 

[j .^ lieincei Piincipem & fubdicos cx una 

\X) te: &intcipaticm&filiumcxalia. I 

fA ccps caim liccc comfacaii j^oiOc cum 



iif fic ac Piinccp^j U ut homo przcUI 
: fuK ncurra T^m^n coD^dmiTonc coo- 
lit ti Jus fo iufium fccuaduEU quid le* 
: £t u f ubduoi um« QupAd c:i ^ni ai i n q u ir 
scompararur uc Piiaceps, coDTCnit ipTi 
iiuTimidionis iimplicifcr lalc. Quoai 
iciA convcaic ius proprietati^ plc ici- 
oi ilmpliciEer tjm a^livc q^ain pafTivd', 
*<; dAcur aliquod mcdtum taliccr parci^ 
3^115 dc ucroquccocxcremo uc utiumvij 
d poHit caniumrccuDdum qaid. Aria- 
: patrcm & filium quoad caj in q^ibij^ 
mpifascm uc tale&foiiTEa1icrr,4Ac Jiij;- 
im quoddam mcdium intcr illud q^o.j 
picittibedientia, &c quodiofpicu i.uAi- 
. p^nicubris ; quod protndc dicacur iu» 
im tJDQ fimpliciccij led fccundum quid 
fubceira quadam ratioDC ; ncmpc pa- 
rnum. RaEio huiusdifcriminis q^uod ^(t 
coofcn^o apud •mn«j npn eft apiii^ Or 
Qcs-ttfqi;c^dc6clara &. niaDifcf^a^ \yi- 
tur auccm ca cfTc lcgitima q.uac .ic4vir 
:ur & quidem facilccz didlis fuperi,i|^ 
qaiddicace & aacura iuris propri.e^^ti^ 
iurifdidionis. . . ' ] 

piiftjiip ninairum cft alccrum iu5.prdi- 
.y aii foclicicatcmhabcntis ipfijm 5 al|c- 
ii^ad faciicicacem aliorum. Pacc^pitas 
cem ttk ciculustribucQS libeiajm^ f a^caU 



tac^m ordinati indxvifiin acd fftlic?c 
Dat'i;is& filii. Hac eaim de cau& fi 
jfl>du«acSotie filii ^ difpofitiooe r 
atf cyto^^rcilieQtiism Sik«iid>at jproj 
aof ^iUiObicioiii aac nBltcati cttajf/c 
kcMo»«iiccciaiii abfq> Mb«ietiM€ 
dmfilil quoaJ ipoccs, uiiiucein>^Q 
|iidheft(Ulii^;iiOa dnbiratvr qaiii f«( 
tMHSk adt^ri^s oblt^acioflif paccnia^ 
4TdcBticicdiledioBii/ lconVecCc^ 
ii^v J|itilaTeritpy0moTciid« foBticicaci 
iti oVtem pcurifit aliqtia incomodj 
ilDifuit'dij|iUr jcioihBioda propria>Bi 
tt^tfftc^eaij^iirteiiifirriyc p aterai 
lidiati f fideapeftpQrfita kut fcpofin 
titiB fiiam ^ omaia 'qttoqpo moi 
cuio pcniacBthi fi>Ii cidnB>nlio appli 
xit iBfoltdnBiyCCBfecmco ipforaciot 
M$ f^tf fic pftcier 9c progrcffns cdfc nlc 
jBitct bbH0a'tibBif patcrBat. 

tatctigimrj^acriam libecam poceft 
xirca^filinm ciie ordiBaum iodiTifii 
fmticitaccm ncrinfquc. Qnarc ncqn 
proprietacis cornftSrnit ncque jus jui 
ftiooisfimplicicer. fcd ius quoddam 
xiosfpcieSei coofiftcnsiinconfinio flcp 
cipatioac iBdivxdua ilToitim dootuk! 
tircmqrom^ Q^od pToJlid^ ins appcl 
Mttitaum jjroBlntuiii ad indicauda«i i 



^^^"^ IJp divifiont ^urh, 
fflmm CT n* m atc r i alc m cx p a rti 

U!lcnrum ipfiusitjchac iuAi, arciiiiim 
^crtc cif D* Thomii 6c Fhiloropho lorit 
taTis& cxratidDc n>o^o datt. At PHn- 
!p5 hibet ciup itua rcalitcr dif^ic^s fal» 
m s^uivalitittt cx paric tcrinij^oniifi 
tfss rcrpiciuntjAhcrura proprtetatif ijiiD 
jis tiaqyam qur*'^'- «etfona pritara 
ET anUurc Jk fcciici propria j altc-- 
[A quo futigiror n» ^•cps in bocurt» 

ibticEim. Pcrfpic ur «i hit chii 

fcrimc& iatcDtur 

Eacicmdrodridai iicanda eil prepef- 
bdcfertar.^ itiriqt L cft iutcTdominnfn 

fctTum. Q^ia ctiam Domlnario efl or- 
naraicidivi&m in foslicitatcm domiQi Sc 
rTi. Cum enim fcrvus quatcniis homo 
rentialiccr (it gratia fui & ordinacus ad 
:c)piiam fQclicicaccm; nulla homiofi con- 
:ocicncficrtpotuit, uc libcrcas eius fub- 
e^rccar domino s ficut fubjicinntur res 
animaca; & bruca, utquc nulla fupcref- 
cobligacio piovidcndi faliciraciipfius. 
uare libcrcas fcrvirranslatain aibitiium 
>mini pcr conflitutionc humanamtran- 
: in ipfum cum onerc impofito pcr 3c- 
im natarAicm eiTcntialiccr indifpenfabi- 
mi ucinfaYiaceius foclicicaci qtic^a^ea» 



1 

ijttcfuBt ic ifuMUDcia eiuiSem f<&lidu;{ip 
!tis i quoad bopam nimirim faiQain.jil^ 
XoifQt\$ iQtfigtitAicta^ ac.rauicatcm&^quaB ^c 

ordjne aacuiali,. lu ordiBe Tecp.uiptfo^ 
tttcali lef&Auec infaper. obligacio.jqQ«ft4 
nfnia fciain (acrame^cornin fic alia ^w^ 
Jv^c^Wi^cef k^ec^l&nfi ad Cubfttpuan^J^. 
iioexa i;|f jr .^bci^anf .. Qaoad liiec {ttkiiii 
,snaoetfc|TO iuacufnnacu^e»CQfnpDfil^4 
TamdiTinum adverfus domiDQn^j(iq^ 
iu^ policicum 8C huinanis lcgibus tndne 
Ainm^nuUttmilUfuifragecuryOJfi ubi prt* 
irilegto aHijQo |(.favoce fumma£BrTUa^ 
.cU ratio inictgaca futriCr 

jus.icaqoe dpmintciTUifi feu ^ile et* 
4em fcre racionc» acque pacernum deici* 
fcic a ittre 6c iafto (impliciccr, Sc facic cer* 
i^am fpecicm ciuafi mizcam cz iure pro* 
.prietacis & iurifdidiQnis.. Dicitiiraut^ 
iiis pacernum Sc dominaciTum de^cet;e 4 
iure Sc iufto fimpliciccr» non quod ficJCL** 
fcrioris condicicnis» & minorem inducac 
^bligacioncm. Cercum namquecftAquod 
jj^on minorcm fed multo maiorem obli* 
ffacionem inducatcii^ceris patibas> qaaia 
jLus qood calc fimpli^icec dicitut S uaai* 
^eniLiVtcoDfta^ cx 4i^s>^cxai^gtei&oobUf 



i; 



1>9 divipmi JHrit. t| 

;at]onii fun^atae in iur« piiern0j & <Io- 

iiitiacivocR malumei fuaranoiic forma- 
ft coetrarium bono foflititatis Juorum^ 
cum UJnfgEt^o aliaritni obllgatioQum 
Hniverfatfiim conilf^it j& foU coEirrsiric- 
Mre ad farlicitatcm anius. Rat io i^inir 
ob aaamnomifie juris & iuHi ^mplicicet 
ic^un€ iddiro intcUigirur im folius irc^ 
Topriccaris, vcl iuritdi^ioisiSj cftj l{ui^ 
is dtjobu! iuribus-commercia, otc3o, £^ 
roctctasgcncTishtjmani uniTcrUliteTcpn- 
tiaenfiiri& quod freqacntifnmtim cft lo- 
tcUigicur abfqneaddjfo fubnDminejquf»!! 
cRcomunc (ignificaTo non irsifrcqiienii. 

Di^tim ver6 tR cAEidem ferc^t S^ fervafa 
propotnone raEionemcfTc dc iute patcrno 
&dominativo: quia abfolucc diffcrucic 
jntcr fc fpccic. Jus namqiicpatcEnun%inT- 
duAum cfl lcgc naturali in favorcm ma- 
isprolisquam parriSj cujus indicium efl 
nplci* Pfimumcft quia fiHus datur pa* 
tii jam pra^habcnri pct fc ioqnctjdo plura 
ad fcEUcitafem ncceiraria quoE defunt fi- 
jfojacproindc pollqu^m jim Dews maf^it 
providcrat iodigentix patris quamfiJiJ^ 
fi parrcm noh pravaflct in favorcin filij. 
Ncccfrcigicur fuiccx naturarci, utpatreni 
fpecialitcr gravarct , ac filio iDdulgcrct 
Biagisj cumucrumqnc amcc ex Dacufatei 
; ^ D 6 ' tf^ik 



xytxlittt, utpbccxqualesia natora & bo^. 
Kicace iociinfeca. Alcernm indicium cft» 
«juiacerriDce indit^eciiia 6liJ, urditigatQX 
a patie, ob nrtatcm jain ti>attiiamiKjtt4li* 
ciuin fibirufficiciiSjincipic connntanuitrf 
ema uc i pati e & Eli us dt ^ iii t c JTV rtib7acdii 
pficrnsrc. QuodDOn Bcret> firubjifftStifi* 
tliadpacreiBnoa eJTcc princip^litei infti* 
tuca m gurutn Sc ob iniltgentiaBi fflii* 
ScrTtrtis auTcm indu^kik fft per conftita» 
tionem humanain in faYofem maiioi Jdo-' 
fiiinoruni . QuQd non iiidigee prohati6ae« 
Ji<)uid5 ftiYh fola reHftaefivita^umbo* 
^jsguaeptilc^ein naicu^al^ auc pofitiv^m 
iivinam pi<iiru$jndt(penfabiij funt eoa- 
^r^a T3£^»ncc eripi ppcuere lege kunianay 
^niii vicaipfaetiperctur. Jasicaqucpflicrik 
jp iilium parucipacfnagis de jure jdrifdi- 
fflioais; dominaciTumTer&magisde jur^ 
propriecatis $ licet Bcqtrum alccrutri fina* 
plicicerconYcaia^j dumpacer& 4oin^QQ*t 
Slius jk fcryuscoafidirancur«uttales for* 
|TiaHter^ & quoad ea qua^ ad ipfos perti« 
Bent>,ut tales fuac. 

' ]^us aecoaomictiim auod eft xai^er firuaa 
Sc, ujrorfin j neutri tollic Ycium jus proprie* 
tatis fimpliciter talc adTcrfus aherun%tte 
ifQcenc Philofophus 4c D. Thomas locis 
iffMfif k CQmm%tM c«t;ioiU8a coafeafu^ 



teenqDU iDatrtmoDium cfl dtnvum 
u^ porcflacic altt^atri coQiu|^a[orujn 
eriu^ 3ltc£:tini qtlQad urum ipfiiis ma^ 
tooiu Qaoaii!ja.ver^ pertiucuria ad 
ernatioBcm &; dirpolicUnciti ramilije 
fjfaniiliarisjicetuxor iii focia frariti 
le hicccne^cur meiiderc aii illiui ro* 
atem ac pldcicum quarcDas necelTe eft 
ilEcicn^petread foeialem Sf tfintjui]* 
Yttam perageDdatptfl^feicimfiiiiiquc 
proptia muliebTil proTideoti s sc dir" 
tionii. Prffcrcnr aihilomJnus maii* 
isoriproptcrmaiorem iligiiitacein *i» 
najorcmt^ue aptitadincmadregciiduj, 
i laeyiiabile JitTitaDiivcotifunoiiial^i^ 
.tium ftsttStt Hibec prarterea vir jns 
I limpliciccr tale iirerrus morcm \m 
ifque difpofitloDibu^ rei familiarisjc 
ttsfai»ilix> idque prdpcet ratioaem 
. tbfimilcm illi qu^e rcddita cft cixca 
paccrnum & herile* 
oagnm porr6 eflec & uliraliinitespr^* 
:i;^ iofticati de iis om«ibus flgiliatim 
eihere^ qu^ cadunc fub jure actiufque 
jugis indiviiint , $c <{\xx ad Jbs alrcr- 
ius^ fcoi£m pcrcinenr. Su/Fecerit pro 
ic obferTarc in geuerc ex I^hilofoph», 
Thoma ^ aliis ubi fopra ^uacft. i. 



do adhibiu adiTQuia if uod flatoictir cQoa 
necefncacc morali lic ftacncndidifFerrfpe- 
cie cx parce obje^i & cz parce a^usquo 
ipl^cituoff.ah eo an<fi ^onvM^ii.ni ^^^^i 

genciy i^; CiBialiiciitum ctV ^pia^cMf «i^^ef 
ccffitatc fnpralji .acque indcftrocc^rc a* 
niTcrrarem cjos anUbrmiciit^inv ,. ^}vM^ 
Ysr6 }us ftatiiicur a^fqtie qccei&catciiio* 
iaM faii^ni uiiiTjyrfaii f c^^c fnJ^ptrdyir 
cjus diV^crfitai;i4^;^ jlcqii^lAi/f. «^ Joi^|4 
& tcmpprjbus, ^, * , ... , jV ^S^, 
A4 s.Conuatjcxdi&i^Ii^c tria jofarpa* 
tcrnum',accrnon)icum ^ bcrj.U. q^actnoi 
talia fttAt foroial jccr^ djfliderc fpcjcic ad«- 
^naV*^ qnqa^.oninestcrBitnos q.uos rcCpi^ 
dunccuii^fnccrf^ tum abomni alio^ jurc; 

^^ili^V^^^^^^^^'^^^^^ oali^e ali« i^ 
pripw. rtcbucrc. 

IV^fl^ 'vir/«i \HfiiHA fiSfi definUtMr eoMfy 
HmfMtfU0trihH$ksf 

Vl^c 1 T T R. non rcdli deiiniri > q«ia 
j^i^od e^ conftaps & perpccuum iiuiir 
V. Jii3Ai'deficic» Tircusauccin jufliciiaB 



^: £rg^ \iims juHiiix noa t^ 

'pR^a.m £c pcrpctuam. 

firius julljtix $i\hl\ opeTituifalteni 

p & forTnaHteini/i prx<;iiOeiiu juic 
|cciqu«ruopetaiur, utcjue juriprat-» 
jci fonformetur, ErgA vinus jufii- 
in tfibuit juSfe Tcd ^uod dcbEiiu ra* 
juiii prxtXAftcau» antc opeiacio- 

mponibilc cfk inencpcrpcruam alif 
lus, & conftamcm Toluncatcm circa 
d ri <[ui nutlnm unquamaAum vo* 
is citercun circa idcm. Vixtus au* 
ifljcix iQfundiiui paivuli^in fiapnA 
xiuL cum c^ctciis viitucibus nc di'* 
e(l in difputaiionc dc Tzrtutibiisia 
luni & in qq* dc virt, ThcoL& ta- 
Mrvttli funi incapacei elicicndt ^U^ 
aftum. Imo & aduhos coDtingir 
ultiHcati nullo clicito a^u juftiriar 
uliiis i 5c lamcQ icciptiint Tittd'- 
i(t]iix ficnc rcliduas omncs virtu* 
irruacuialc^* Eigo non c(l de latio* 
flitia: conftaus Si pcipctaa Yoluji^ 
bucndip 

nfiimatui a poflerioriquia pucr bi- 
us cum pcrvcpic ad uf^um iatioDis« 
ASicccirci bapiiziEU5& (juipct^a;* 



If i^^fi^ VI IL 

nitcBrlam expiayit peccara eo ipfo iiabct 
^uditiaro per fe infuram ^ & nihilomxnus 
tam facilc fuccumbie cuilibct tencacioni 
ae JificoItatiadTcrfiis a€bam ]ufti(iar»at- 
cfueif quinvHumtaiem habitum rcccpic.' 
Ceiti uon cam ezperitut coBrftanciam , 
quamezpericnrcirca quamlibet operatio* 
nem, qui propdfitum dc illa efficaz , hoa 
cft coBftantem & perpetuam Tolunratem 
prius coBcepit. Crgo non cfl cie ratione 
habitus jttflitix in commnni qnod in fc 
contincat conflantem cjufmodi ae perpc* 
toam Toluntatem. 

K. Jufficia in facris litteris, ft confiliis 
freqnenter accipitur pro habitu incom- 
)>offibi!i cum peccaco lethali. Deinie a* 
]^ud facros ft prophanos Scriptores non 
sninus fam 11 iaricer poniturnro coileftio- 
nc omnium Tirtucum. Unde juftus dici* 
Kurperindcatquefaa^us, & qui caret o* 
snnipeccato Icthali^quiqueinnuUiusdc* 
ficit pcrfedione Tirtntis. Nencro ez hic 
xiodo ufurpacor in prxfenti jufHcix no« 
tacn>fcd pro peculiari quadam Tircuce cu* 
ius obicAum eft ius propriccatis hucuf- 

Suc cxplicatum» & in ordineadquod de« 
nicurab Vlpianol.juftisxr : ConfiMns fj^ 
ftrpitUMM iii*c. 
Qoff dc£iutio ab omiubuscecipitar^ fel 



«Bai m proprianarenaTiattccm 
iccm pweDaociam adyerfus ejas 
[wd conicattcxa ■omiBC dcfieoa- 
cque eoDtincac in repropo/irum 
lcnullounquam tcmpore, DuUa- 
: derercndi reditudinemfibipco* 
quod perpectti nomine figninca- 
mtitfnon pouicurpropoccntiafed 
ToluDticis> qui facpe adhibetttt 
ni prxfcnim a Juridis, atqneia 
ficproculdubioaccipitur* Quia- 
ibusrationefui prxcis^habetcoii* 
> Bc perpctuitatcm» fcdratioae 
lueminducitpropofitum adluale 
retincndi in omnimatcriadcop* 
stercAitudincm cui adhaeret. 
nm quod pcrcinct ad ritionem 



90 §i9up0yuh 

Vnicniqu^ Don folum fingulas pcrroDas» 
(ciiedam qitamlibccmujcicudiiic & rem- 
ppblicadijnccgram cempledicur, quando 
gcricmnnas, »c ▼iccsperfona!privac«,rcA 
pcrind^cum aliiscomparacurjacque ix cf- 
fcc pcrfona priTara. Parcicula trtbutns ac«. 
cipicndacftpoiicivd^&ncgaciY^. Adcan*> 
demnamquc vircuccKi percincc dare non* 
dumhabcnci>& non aufcrrc jam iiabcnci» 
qued fuum ipfius cft. 

Exhisapparec definicioncm iftamopci* 
m^rcdadlam c(fc in formam debicam aD. 
Thomadiccncc quapft. fS. arc. i. luftitis 
#/? hdbitus ficundum juem if-liquis conftnu* 
ti ^ ptrpitua voluntste jus fuum unicuiqt 
tribuit, Paccc cciam candem dcfinicioncm 
coinciderereipfaeumilla alia Philofopht 
cap. I» di^i i. $. Eth. luftiti/s eii hdbitus 
ficundum quem dliquis dicitur eperativus 
fecundum eleiHonem jufti, Nempchabicus 
iacladie in fe conftanciamx&^crpecuica- 
cemcircafuumobje^um. Undchaec duo 
majorisfolum claricacisgraciaadiiciunrur 
habicui a D. Thoma ucqucanciquz defi' 
nicioni manerec dccus qua^ncum poflcr. 
Namfecundum conccpcum prWcifum fuf- 
ficic .dicere : luftitin e/? hsbitus jut fuum 
unicuique tribuendi ; feu tribuendi unicui* 
fMg fHodfuum iil : ai^uc &c cffcui fojcnc 



neqae quoaa eas qoiaquani naocc 
a4e iufticia. Paxcicula fufii adhibica 
tlofopho cft magis idonea, quMm fus 
, quod adhibccutp ab UlpiaDo uc ii* 
ex daca> circa cam Vlpiani panicu- 
adnoracione. Quia juftum pafIiT^> 
cr6 adiyc plcrumque & apcius u» 
mcur. 

iiod addic Phi]ofophas> fecundum t^ 
oncm,cfticidcnvcommune omniyir- 
morali. Quaslibcc enim cft cledkiya 
rbjedi, uc mcdii conducencis ad ulci» 
ifincm. Accipicndumauccmidcftia 
i formali, uc fic cleftio jufti, quace» 
jufti formaliccr, Sc quia juftum cft, 
lis enim opcrecur juftum j idqae per 
amele<Slionemeius> quodiuftumeft; 

rampM niiia iiifl-um ^fl- fVirmfilir^r M««n 



^a Q De DffimiNcm JHfikU, 
fea per eandcm jufticisim unicuiquc tri- 
buirur, fcd jus aftivum. ratione €ei}Ti&ik- 
becarjquod cribnitur,& quod|>r^ruppoai«« 
turin eo^ coi per juftitia chbuicQraliquid. 
X^ia quid cribuituf per j ulticiam nilitl iiU 
fercpcrfcpcccis^ab co»qttodcribaitiup€C 
libcralitacem^T.g. £«dcm namq«epcca« 
fiicpolTuoe cribui cxlibcralicacc, dc ex )«• 
fticta. 9c £cdealiis.Ergo fiidqabdcnbifi* 
car per jafticiam. habcrct rcfpc^kis ipfias 
ncioncm objc&ifofmalis, ob}eAamfos« 
malc jufticia; niliilo difFcrrec ab objc^o 
lirmlli libcralitatiS|tcqMde& nihilodiffe- 
ffcf juftictialibcralttarc» quandoqaidC di<» 
ftindlio Tircuru fic pcr foia ab;e^ a fermalia 
Ipfaram* Ergo ili^uid diftin^nm nb co» 
qBodrrrbaicurpcrjufticiam>habecracion§ 
•bicfti formalis rcfpcda ipfius. Hocao* 
Ccm ndn poccft cfle aliud quam jas aAi» 
tutB pcr qaod fciliccc folum confticaitoc 
lnracioncjafti»a€dcbici> quodcribuicur. 

Notandum cft dcfinitioncm Ulpiani 
congracrcoBulco magis )ufticixacqui(icae 
quam iofufx. Hc quidem ccrtum cft 
Wpiatittm folum dcjiiltitia acqulfixai 

Ac nacufili cxponcudadircAc, ic formali* 

c^r cogiraflc. Nihilominus quia cciam 

Thcologi foUtciti tcI mazimcdcjafticia 

/tiferMHmli U in£uU omM% ^d uanm 



~ §^thh Vtff, fi 

tuncurcim D^ThottiiieEiiidofic 

fmi aut qnjtruie^iGitczhibeiitygtli 
izti <ompceh<?0d&ac juAicUiniiifaf 
l ^ut CtQtdm erponiat quifldit»^ 
Ls^necfdc cit jiccommodaie aliqua 
jufliciar etiftm iafttrccoalUiinAzm 
rtuitarcm atcnbuTa£abU[fiaQ0rA<- 
»mmuai Iufticif.ee nique^ica co* 
^ uniatmijs appiobfttio^juidt^ii^ 
cnitas :Coutcmaitur. 
Uatiiu^ui Sc pcrpccujCToIitatatii 
pOpo££o efiicaci l£ tiniYerfaii ciccm 
2. matctiiim duo priacipilitcrcott* 
[. Alcetum eH TisiacliBajvdi rolua-^ 
U^ueanicka4i^(l i^ui cpnfornies 
co» cofdcmqac rcddcgdi m^is 
icsi <]UAm forcit ill^Abuprifcoii' 
AlccrBmeft iacompJDitibiU^iscuia 
coDcr&rii$ in cadcmi^teru. H^ 
£uio coaTc^tc^ocrecundum» Uci^r 
aveuiicpximtim* Q^a.hibltasi%'^ 
xpclUciu pcc ^tteaiyii adium. ^itU 
i gravit«ipcccamiQofum5 ac<|i pro» 
l.fi^oar» & aoivCii^a^e i«Tfiraad# 
di adu ipjuftitisccftdciatioaeba- 
mpUcitetjiiftLPcccataiiam(iucTC- 
DJufticixnenf%ciuntiajuA.um*ttifl 

' " ■ * i '- ' ' * ■ , I- » 



?+ $«*//# VIII. 

iudiciabconyeaic e conrerfo inclinati<i 
allicienciaadadlnsipfiusj & non c6q 
Tiieihcompofnbilicas cum a^ibus v 
iponcratii eciatn grayicer^peccaminods. 
* Erg6 Hcec diTetfimodifti diTcrfitquc 
ttilis V as^ualicer nihiiominus > cerc6 i 
Yaldd inxqualicer convcn ic habicui inf 
atque nacurali>parcicipacio roluncaci! 
'^inarHscclnftitficiii 9t perpecuje dereddei 
VJ^rqve qttbdYnum efl^. Commuhe- pra 
xea ucique eft iic in: geitfere cahra; efiici 
tis -' concrneac eandem Toiunciacem e 
fiainttkt)V& pctpetuam« & quidem cum 
cciTn peffeAionis ex parcc habicus ini 
iltqU(eKxtfi(hi0bmnin&l(iifficiuncj uc 
'C^ratini iHadefininoneiebraptehend 
'turutriirf(|htgencriihabicus. Verumitj 
ihclinacio ^ alli^rcntia propria hab: 
'nfcquifici cadic fub experienciam m:(n 
ftam^eftquepnoptereanotiffima omnil 
isicompoifibilitasrerb camad^ti contn 
pFoprra hahfcus^infhfinoTi cadit fub ei 
Ijf rientiimufquirad^i^perccptibitem, eft 

^|( xnulti occultior;preptetea apparet dei 

'[; tionem Ulpiani foli coBTcnire iuftitix 

i{; quifitses cum fit reipfa communis et 

I irifafie ur patcc ex dr^is. ^^xquibus 

i,^ mum t:oIIii;irureaiiaeA dbfinitioncifi 

46/aiiieii)oViam, Ccidx^ttitiitiki - * 



r 



, A4 r» Non convciiic virtunconftaDfja* 
& pctpcctii\^S fifiyfj-^a" rc dJctis impofTibi- 
bilcm phyfjcc ii^Kricum iptiiis , lcd tota 
iaccptjobalis rcdJcn^s dtScifcm cuadciti 
ipcciicum cim if fiushAbitus rcciinituLii fc 
quam ctiam a^ux data opporcaaiucc o- 
pcrandi, uci cxplicacuili eft» 

Ad 1, Didum iatn efl: ius m dcfinicio* 
fie fumi palTiv^jquo ceiTar diffitidc^s ol>- 
tci^iocjs, ' 

Ai j\ Vicrurn cft Doa pofTe Dacur4.1icci 

loede habitu^km cocilUjQtiun, Sc pctf^e- 

ruitatem quiu prxcxcicctlc aflu&Us : ia- 

*lfft tamea fupctQatur^SLliter potcft, quia 

'caiiem praeierh. Quia. Dcus fiipcinatiiiat- 

literfupplercpoecil caufaliure fua^callfa^ 

Itcacem iio(Vr7 TDluncatiSj ciquc indcre 

hibicualcm ciifpoficioticm ±quivalcatcnl 

modo fuperiusexponiodifpoucioDihabi^ 

t X pcr a^ us proprios. Qm a D cus eft cauf^ 

coticcDciva norba: TpIUacatis & omniuiri 

a^uumbonotum qui cr illa prddifcpof^* 

fuac. ladificm &: exfupcriorierpUcacio- 

Acpaccc facis ad cenfirmarioncm ; vciuiu 

dcfiaicio PhElofophit exadius Sc maiari 

cum praecifionc cxprimcas quiddicatetn 

liifUcix fecuadutti fcj convcuic «quaUtcj: 

iufticiat acquUica? $c infufa^ accepta m l^* 

i^fjidcQ^utcItobftrYAixiA magi^ licct Ci^ 



niiaQiTvlgws» uH coaciagic iji{pto£sft- 
*4i«ri ^aavidccam czjpdlicioAi. 



.v'.;fiLu.j*.4yY;^ T,5^. 



ni'c^ 'i0njti$Mtr$ 4fmUiMi$m f$mm. 

^0f'^iA •tmcramtC(ipiA^|iitiMC 

viirudbus mouiibus cammuDCt ac 
tiTcntiile cll quod icfpiciaac mcdiumr»- 
cioflis atdi^lum cfliudiff ucactoaeiieTir' 
lutibas. Mcdircisaurcm ratianis daii aoa 
^oKftai^ quat^nusiacio iavcaitmedieta' 
i^Q^ larcibus. Qviici caimcflmcdi^ai ra- 
tioai^jBrfimcdiu dtjudicacui ac conflituru 
f cr laci o ac oi i^ reb u^ id cft mcdi u m rci £o* 
Uniciim pes r#cioiicm. Uadc medium rci 
mbM conferrc pouA ad habitum lcj a^flll 
yinutisi niriquateom cogaituma]Cfa)cb^ 
jropoJlcuin Toluatan pcr raiioociqpfl «.c 
proinde ni£i quaccous ftmut cftmf^iam* 
raitouis^ Eigomedium rci & lo^ionis ic« 
ipe^o vlrcocis io idcm proitiis rccidiioc* 
Q^propcci: aol||if|giarciis at> lUi^ yircucibos 
ttpene poccft pcralctfocrum ezliis loi^iif» 
Mij|id5' ttcrtt^^^,({^^ coipmuoe oogini Tii;* 
^U,lf€^&i^k^^f^^^ illis. 



lediam c|iiod jdlcnbitur ru^rat 
PbilofBvihn & D, Tht>ma aliiiv|«w:^ 
k u ui ici c li coD I tu u c u iD i n [cr d uo ^x^^ 
vitiol;!. Objc^urttftuicmf jopriaia 

V i ti o(a. Quia d arc p lu» q ua m debtsis 
tU^alTcrum cx cxcrcmi^ qui1ju& iii* , 
n calc objciftuit) i non clt vuiofuni ^ 
Utpatct. Erg6eljjc£lu juIlici^HOJt j 
dium ncqueici ucquctatiojiis» | 

Ncijue a^quiJitAS inici perfoM^s Cc-^^ 
,m tc, nci^ue inrcr rcs i^uc jura ca-^ 
accndi ic caafticui poKll pcr |ul^i<- ^ 
Q^oid petfon4£ rcs elUb^i ; ^^i^ 
[Klccundum fc funrxqu^c^vcl iti'* 
cs cx kn^ n^ituta iudep ctudcntcr alv . 
ufticiae i ncque juflicia qiioad hoc . 
nam pracflareT&lec. Jdm quoad res 
ft fi pertinerec ad juUiriam coa(li«\ 
L*q,ualica:cm io illis, poITetic pauper» , 
: aegcr operando jufte, ^ fati$fa- 
» obligacioai jufticiafff Aiifidiari 4i^j , 
honori, 6c fanicaci epcum* qui his | 
abundanc* q^uo ufqt^e eos cedige- 
Ipcrfcdam fecum xqualicac^ixu Ee ' 
'ecfo ncmo poiTec prxemiaece cui* . 
alceri uUa in r^> auc jure reram« 
is nihii ihiquius & abfoaantius cSc 
Etgo utiojuitiux fQcius con«>' 



fiflit in t)^ili€nda «^ uaiuatc arquatium i 
& inxqQalium inxqualiEatc, Jrc per con- 
i'e(|^etis nDtt mag^s fpc^lac adipiaai a:<|ua**. 
lc> qaMin a?q'«tfle. 

R'.*D.Thdmtf^. f«.'ait.iiei.c«iB?litlo* 
fophci. E^rh.Acap.^. dotrc i ufttciafn rcfpi«! 
c^etrfediamn^W & perhatvaixidjffecrci 
cxcctii ▼irtatibus nAoralibus. qo« rclpi* 
^crali^ ihcdiilit) t«tf«itAs^ ^rquc hoc iM iipira» 
luitxpudia^brcsi urhabcafor Y«*Ittci piri^, 
ntutir^rind^ium. Eodcfn rcciiUc » i|acHl 
tidNFDS affitmoif periuftitiamconftitai ». 
^uali^itS mcdiiiAi nimtram ccicflcatqaa» 
litacttn inccr- cxcrcm qaotam cft mc-. 
diaVn.' VttibPhiiofophas ta prcicnci I. u 
(\ib ihittum ac (ietnc^ps iuHttm dc atqaalci* 
iuftitiarm-ft affqualicarcfri procodcm prot» 
fiisufurpafi 6t ex mence IX Thomccaiii» 
fiaTi dtctrfttnt, uc rc!a<um cft rupraia i. q. 
|tri' a'd ifq^oalTtatcm redfgnntuii» Qoaffc 
oU iuftiriie rribuitur quod arqoalitarcm 
fottAa^rce^coAfticuic.C^ercnannqucTii^' 
tUtes^iitpfxreyHmcatitas, tamctli kquali* 
caK^n^ *^iqu*n<*o coaftitnant intcr com. 
cui' iirfa^* » & >'ias pcrfonas non ramcft* ] 
id fati^nc refpicitndo formalicct zqoalf. 
t3^^m,ftd idcntird tantum, ac materiali- 
tc^r atquc hoc fimHitcr invalaic apod o- 1 
fVAcsuc JirdabiucuTA« .. A 



7. 



liim icaqiit rilcomTDUDfm tflam 
m & eiplicjcio^iH^m iuiUcix pct 
traia cfle ptocnl dnb^o t vcri^i^ 

fcDfu in q Ki a Philofoptio & O» 
rjditaell,(|uotJ ad iiill:Ltiamacd-> 
uibiiisptriptiinfitrmtlucf. Pri- 
qualius propoiiiotiit \\nzi iuri 

^ fcs pcrcin«ntc( ad ipfiim^ iic 
t ficut fchabcnc iuri iititLis^cl Tti« 
is, ica Dmtiinf> lc hjbcant rci «• 
^ftltciiutcc:rniiD3nics cadem iu- 
prliuiuirtiodi arqnjlittcccoofer'- 
oiTibilccftt uturvicuii^ue Enbili-^ 

1 fuum efl. Iscoir^^ cuiusfcvma'^ 
CQCur a.rcbus alterius qnam iun 
a iuril>useiurdem,impoffibi1ccft 
t omnc quod fuum «ft. Habebic 
ccflario xninus. E convcrlo li rcs 
; plufquam iura,iKctn'ari6habe« 
s quam quod fuam cft. Q^iarc- 
1 ^xccdit habcbic rcm nnn fuamp 
aDifcilum i (iquidcm rcs fic fu« 
: rationc iuTiscircacandcai. £a« 
ratio ur pattc (i lura fint pariadc 
rcs. Ergo ar^ualitas proportio- 
: iura & les cuiufquc efl piocUl 
e racionc iuflitix 

ida arquaiiras efl inrfr datum» ic 

£ 1 xi^^ 



m^lum, five votuaratium (iVe invoIaAU- 
xium. Si cnimduo ici iuter ie compatea* 
tucjut linguli habeanc c£lo atque ahcreo* 
lum 4an$caiicum duoaccipiacf^uacaoCji»L 
\aqualiba&'fiunc in«qualcs adveciiis iu^iU 
zix lcges quib^urlatis fierl nin pocecic o^t 
nfqcieisqai accejric qujtcuor^ ddo inlo;;, 
pcraliareddac» dc ficicerumTcddanrur ae^' 
<(naicsez insequalibusi, I^occoim nonict 
prarftico impodibilc eric ucunicui<{uecxi* 
Ibuacur quod luum eft>'quod camen ad ta* 
lliciam penioec* uc conftacez eius dcfiii^* 
tione» QuiaTer%quoildhoc'eadem6iiuii»^ 
mA raciacft, fiv^ fuppLonaturjrqnalicas ma* 
cerialis rerum & iurium anccxoocraAunw 
«ucquafi concradbum» five fupponacur in- 
arqualitas concrarja,pacecfcmperad iufti- 
tiam fpe£lare uc condituat «qualicacem 
ittcer dacom & acceptum. 

Tercia arqualitas cft formalis per'cini« 
formicacem ad 1eges,^.conTentiones ho* 
miuum» omnibus» & fingulis hominibus 
dmnin6 «quales. Quam in rem nocan- 
dum eft> lcgc 8c conTcncione.emnin& x» 
qutft formamcr refpedbu duorum , pofla 
Ittboriri xna:qaalicacem macerialcm iacer 
cofdemi ica uc lez» &conrentio favcacac* 
q^ualicer utciquc» 9c uterquc «qualitcr ia 
«ffll CMlcaciat iuxuit&iLm cauoncm) dc 




*1?^ m»dU fti. I 

(r (iivUion^ itrum,ac iuEiiim contpiincni 
H Jcgij & conveniioiiicrafiaQtYayc jn* 
ar^ualcs inctr fe, quo a.d iuraj & rcs unkui- 
^ tjue roniiugtnres, CoDfpicifur hoc clarri 

* hi conrraftu fortis» qyi licct ^t «quali» 
' rcfpcdu uvriuf^^iue concrahcniis > ucpotCt 
J eipoucDS ucrumcji pcriculo»^; rjjciarqua- 
^ J;busi cvcntus t^mcn ucccC^i^io cfl ini:- 

* quahsfavcasuuf.a^advcriu&ahcrij aJco- 

' quc artcrum ahtri coufUcueus matcHali* 
f ccr inrt|ualcm, Similc quitj coDcingtt'in 

Icmoi udivctf^Utcr iu^^qualicatc <|u&a;i 
- 1iit;i hufnjnd, Zl quoa4 tcrmi[vai coTum« 
Omfliscuim acquiliuo iuris dcpcadct k 
Cflvcntiouc KQmiEiu (^uairapHcircj vclc:t- 
plicicc cuiVutiunt (»mnihtis mvdiSiquidc 
^ faclo cxiitunc> acquircdi ius,camcp coq«> 
Ycucioncm lcxadeo lata coQfiritiet ul^ia- 
finuacum cflq. f. Sc cxponeturamplius Ia- 
fraagendodcrerumdivifionc, 

Itaqucqui obcincni: rcs inarqualcs cum 
luribus (iniilitcrina^qualib^ fuat inarc]ua'> 
lcs intcr le tancum materialitcr, a:qualcs 
▼cr5 formalitcr, quatcnus ea inaequaliias 
origiDcm ducitcxletrc & coQVcntioQC «- 
qualircfpcduomniu. Quareiuftitiapaii- 
a? peiis tribucns diviti ius fuum, & divitis 
i uibiiQnspzupei: fuiim cottftitart q^uldtta 



inacerialem inccL lUos inae<i«alirateiD tttv- 
oec ranien formalcm incercordem asq^UjUi* 
c^rem>c^iuc(inis ca ina:qualnas efl confor* 
inis primxYae Itgi & canYcntioni ambo- 
. bus aequaiitei; favenci, acqoe ab «i ori|(i; 
pcm ducit. E concra (i paupet,rapiai;diyiit 
mcdictaten) bonorom.liocycre coaftittttf 
qttidcm acqualitarcm matcrialcm» fcd cor« 
tunripitaequalicaccm formalcm pcr diffbi- 
micarcm cum prima^Ta lcgc^ ic cooTcn* 
tionc ae.qoakm fim^plicittr & fccandttm 
fc rcfpedu tttriufquc fcd inducciMe hiCi | 
lc ounc inxi^uaHcacem niarcriAlcni ia« 
riaa)> & rerum inrcr illos proprcr candcoi 
ill^asquatkatjenii cooiun^am com dit* 
paribus aliis circumftanciis» &.conditto- 
^Aibuftcoflfercntibusad acquificioncm ia* 
iium«£c fcrum cz prxfcripto Aafdcm lc- 
l^is tc convcncionis. 

Tcrcia ifta acqualitai couTcnicns obin* 
fto iufticiae per dcnoroinationcm a pri* 
jnasva diYifionu lcgcomnibusbominibus 
aequali eftpropria iufticiae nacuralis,qttani 
folam Philofophns coniideraviti nec noA 
liciaftitiae fupcrnaturaiisdiltidentis k na«^ 
turali. quo ad bona nacuralia, praecis^ cf 
mocivo, utidiflidcc, ea, qua: dacur de fa- 
€to. Harc enim eandcm diviiioacm»'& di« 
yi&oa\^ta legcm oV>Ccii^t«^a*m obfcfTac 




ruflitiA Tiatiif:)lis ctftUiuc inc ipfi^s di- 
fcrlitacc cx orJinc aJ fincni qucm rcj^u- 
ciant S: non tx qu^n.cicait: rctym. C2L'tf- 
fum rijLTcrnatiiraiiccr pomitafciniiiocoo- 
Httui lcx liiviflouum non Favcns a.'qalictf 
«moibiTSi titccoQ(tiMtcnionnnc& in fpc ££ 
periculapci (exqujli acquircndo^tuni ?U* 
ftum, & rcrnm, NiKii eaim Dc»m impCi 
ifircpotuit qna minus ui ftiiurric d to* 
luifTcr. Arifuciti Hoc ctentu luilini non 
dcbuitrct obrcnrate atcjitalirarc iflim ui- 
rio loco cxpHcAtim, fc^ folum duasaliis 
cjujc prxmLtr^ intci fu^rci qua^^uf iiint 
4t concfpra quiddicatiYo iuRici», lai tic 
& in comttiani? & qu^ pToijidf ftmt 2* 
qitjilicitcft iuccnt;c k rhilofopho ic I^- 
Thoma^aliifquc communitcr. 

Qiiod ad mcdium tccinccobfcrTandum 
^ iufbiria, ccrcum imprimis cfl communc 
c(l^tu(li(i;sr cum cjcrcris Yirrutibiismora- 
libus, ut dcbcat rcfpiccrcmcdium propo- 
(itum a rationc prudcnti, utquc fuflrciac 
ad a6lum proprium ip(ius,fi amp)c£^atur 
obie£lum proponcum uc medium intcr 
cxccflum & dcfcdlujramccli rcipfa non fic 
medium, quod proponicur; icd alrcrum 
ci extrcmispcr fcvitio/is. Ccrcum (imili« 
tcr cft medium quod rcfpiciunc rcliqua: 
vinurcsmorAlc^ difim^^ a iu[l;i.U,coxv 



104 - . GHuflio I'X. 

' iifkere intef alicjua cxitcma reilia, le eate- 

nus mt^iium iprarum dici p6fl*c medtum 
leK Faj^fum nihrlominus cil Qullam pro- 
prerea lupvreflc ratiancm rpecialem/ ojb 
quam mctiicirr, qood fpc^at ad iiiflitiatti 
dicatur mcdium rci i ^ quod ipe^lat ad 

' aIias>Wrtutes m^dium muo&isi Mstcxd 
)^ convcrfob 

Diecndum igitar primo cft» dari mt* 
*^ium quoddam reak fitum inrer duo eal* 
tremaTitiefa,atquehocmedsumpofitup% 
eire, ttt dacet Phiiofophus loce^ ptulo an* 
te cicavor dfc ia pr^fefiti;cap.'4. iater dan»- 

-jsum U lutrum ,. iive iotec^pitts & minQt 
jfciatii adiut escrcentif iuiiitiam &«iQt 
circa quem crcrcecur.- Lucrum dicitura 
Phtlolopho qaed cuiquc contingit ultra 
id» ad quod habec tus : damniim ver6 
^uod cuiqtcdeeft exiit>*ad quas hahcc 
jtts. Qnaie plus kabere quam dcbcatveft 
lucrnm) 6c minushabcre quani4ebeas» 
damnum. Hsc duo excrema funt uiiiofa 
utpatct. Qui eaim plus habccquamde* 
b^at habcre» facir concra legcm, ratione 
cuiusdebetnontantumhabeicacpctcoa- 
fequens facic contracandcm legcm> qui eit 
caufa ut altet habear minus quam. dcbec 
))aberc,quianeucri tiibuicur pia^cis^quod 

ikum cit; fcd alcesi p\u^»gi\\.tuixd'Dk.>oi<^^ W 



r 



itctliuGC jgiciirexcc^i^ni cx uaa pAric ^ 
cfcdVum cxalii, i^ui AintexcrcQU YirioC?» 
bnfliEiuc mcdium jullirii aLifeicodo a^ 
kcctltrnti nicdicratcm cxccrtuSjcatlcm<^ac 
icdicT^arc JQ altcrum trauslata^ & iLniili- 
criufercado mr^ictatcm di^fcifluslcuia- 
:riorir:iti&, quam alrer puticbaiur, Si 
uim duoiri iatcr fccompaienrur, uc utci* 
uelia6cit jus adfci^irquc ahcjuhrifcx 
d fc }.^ernncnrka ufurpec duo^ c» ipfo is 
abcr o€\o & alccr Donni^ qtiatunr i ac 
roindc C3^ccfl'tis cx uca partc &; dcfc^ftuSs 
i\i infcrioritas cx aliaetl pcncs quacuoi;^ 
)iYinsautemurriuquc iis <^uatui>r io <^u* 
s mcdiecarcs, arquc aherutia medictace in 
lccrum cranslaca, quod fic per virfuccai 
dditia*, rcdiguntur ambo ad arqualita- 
:m, &conilituiturmcdiumintcrhicrun], 
: damnum3 intcr phis & minus. Patcc 
jicurvirtutcm juflitiai coniiftcrc in mc- 
io inccr lucrum ^ damnum,pius icmi,^ 
us, qu2 func extrema vitiofa. 
Diccndum turfus cft, vircutem juftitiae 
C(flc Jcr hoc diftingui a caitcris virtuti- 
us, quod ipfa rcfpiciat mcdium rci re* 
iqua vcto iiicdium rationis. Quia jufti-» 
ia pra^cipuc ac pra^ciscattcnditadmedie- 
itcmrcij ncc fatisfit obligationi evas^ 
ii 7 doun.c 



io6 gMAfiio IX. 

^onec ea mcdiccas exccutioDi m^nAttnt^ 
<^iiaACumcunc)ue mcilictas rationispona- 
turaparcerci. Rcliquaeyci^ Yircuccspxat- 
ciptt^>a<praecisd atc^dunt a4 mcdietateA 
racionis» eaque pofica Bolla ulccrius fupti^' 
cft obligacio ipfarain propria. Qui cnim 
bona fide foWit dccem crc<itns« ie nikit 
pltts^debcre non propccrca czciDgttitclebi- 
tttm» fi raipfa dcbcbac viginri; le4cogni- 
to.crrore jtcnetur rcddcre atia dcccm non 
fecttS,aciimalaii(iefolvi(rccinico« Atoui 
inmaceria^alccrius vircucismoralit pauiis 
tft igttoranciam invincibitcm» 6c operatus 
cft cqnfecmiccr id didamen fondacum ijl 
llla» nahil rcfarcirc rcnetur co|nica poftea^ 
Teticacc. Si enim udo die pTus comcdit 
ouam debcrcc limpliciccr» npn propcerca 
lequenci dic ccnctur minus comcdcre ut 
compenfcc cxccfrum materralcm dieiante* 
ccdpn^iSf fedy pcrinde omnin&y ac^uc (i. 
die anrcccdcnci nuUus cxccilus macccia* 
)is cxciciAeCidummodo in fcqucBCcm dir 
om non rcfulcaveric inde divcrfitas. Ec 
Sc in csetcris fimiliccr virtutibus>*& ca« 
fttm a^ibus concingit» ica uc obliga« 
tio praefcns pcndeac cz prixfcnci difpo* 
ficione fubjcAi $c objcdi , & non ^x cq 
braecis^, quod anceccific fivc cx parte rci» 
Sfe ex p^rtc opecif i, fcu bona i fcu maU 



inof rttdcDii fingttloriiai eonfcreii'- 
citaniiCircaqQamagcndttm cftcuin 
«epcrante» idqucquoticsagcnJum 
t mcnfura rariontsin marcna iuAi- 
n/iiiic in iniiTiftbili ; Sc cjus mt- 
eft i(icmrer(>cdaomnium,&.hacrcr 
■ariabtliccr; caquc proprcr mcriro 
rraedium rci,ettmob oppofitam ra- 
f medium cxeeraruxn ^itiucumiti'- 
medium rationis, 

iium iflttd rci qttod attribuiiur tor 
roiocidic : cum rripiici illa ar<|aiiia- 
imdid^um cft pcr juftiriam fooftU 
^lum^i differuntper divcrfos.com.* 
)Dommodo$,acrcrmino$, rrlacca4 
cseadcmconfidcraiur. Rqrfusidcfii 
m rei, Sc quodliber «qualccz iUts 



jo8 ^l^Apff IX, 

plusdcbonsjcuni rainus dc malo. Qnfa 
ipiiTm minus dc malo clt cjuoddjm ho- 
utiTn, Uodc ad juflitiam fpc€lar confti* 
ctLeicmtdJum iDtcrminui3c plusdiimalo, 
codem prorfus mpdo quo didinu elt dt 
medioinrcipltjs^ minusdcb^no* 

Licceaurcm objeftumjuRitixconfifliit 
i|i mcdio inrcr duo czcTcma vitiofa » ut 
Itquct cr ommbus qux huctvfquc didt 
Tuiir; ac proindc jufliria ipfaconJiftat in 
mcdioobjcflivc & catibtive. Quodcfiilli 
commuisc cumcactcfis virturibus m«r3li- 
bus, NihiUminus habitus jullitiic non 
«ft mcdius inter Juos habiius vitrofos^ 
arqucaded fcrm:i!ifci Doocou(fflitiuni&- 
dio jullicia. Quoiiflfcrc ircliquii virru- 
libtts moralibusj hod folum objcflivc fic 
caulIiUtcr cotirtltciitibus iutcr duo cxtrc^ 
ma vitlofa^fcd cnam foim^litcriarcrduo 
Titi«i. Rario huju^ difFctcntia: cl^. Quji 
c^trcma vitiofa » qusc virac julltcia , (unc 
snucu&iifeparabilia Uodc provenir doci 
yoSc J0 ordiue ^d iUa dati^ nifi tmicum 
haWcum vitiofum, Quo n:imquc habicu 
altquiscflcaufa, uciprcplushabcat, quam 
^ebet habere; codem cfl caufai uc alius 
iiabeac minuSj quam^cbei hibcre. E CO0- 
verloquQd k^bitUK^ ciufa nt a)iu» mir 

•^2 ' ;^^ ' BMS 



1># mfdh rti: jc f 

Kat i coiiem cO: cauTa uc ipfe jplax ' 
ForrTialiici^irclfalcemequivalenicr, 
cbttliabcrc. Liceteuim polHrali- 
le cauCai iK aliiis miousljibeatdc* 
f? pi£Cjsc,Ttl diihahcn^o e)tis bo? 
iatacnea boD» alccTiaSf fcu dcRru^ 
u diilnt^la infctv^ttiar de(lriicntis> 
:iahctitts dekdr^tioDipcnDdc ac ft 
ropria ejii« bonai atcjuc ddc^and 
i^iis cartcrorum bonorum, propte-, 
Eivalcntcr, & iu ffuflucaboDaribi 
r & pcritidc reputarur) attjuc^ ca 
:t. lo aliif vinuttbut noo itt ics ha* 
uia cxttemt Tiiiofa ilUs c^ppoftct 
iviccm fcparabilia imo Bi iQCtrm-' 
lia, inagif<^ue diindencia iotcr fc> 
medio vircucis. Gerc^ quoad fepa- 
uem res cit clara, quit nemo iimul- 
>luserogac& minus> quam parefts 
le cernicnr in cas^eris cjufmodi. 
,t igitur cx his ommbus ad virtu- 
ftiti« circntialiterpercinerc medic- 
rei > 6c arqualitacem rerum> atque 
: ipfi&m dilFcrrc a caercrisomnibus 
bus. 

. Mcdiunipropriumjaftitiaedicicut 
[Tircinon pcr exclnfioncm rationis 
lentis illud voluncatis, fed pcr ex* 
icm xtuoAis coj)fticttcs^il i\W4 ^v** 



f crfttno^irerpcdlu tingulanini ra^ifom* 
pirationc fpcirjali rerum finptihrttm cum 
linguUspcrronishic Sc uudc, iSc qui^a mtn- 
fura IOCIU5 cbligatioai^j quJC c^t ptoptin 
juflUia;, aon pendct i ioio di^ABiioe ta- 
fionif cxiH^cate cum fxcrcecur opcratio 
:vjf itiiis>uc conciti|^ic eo cztcrts TUtutibuSi 
JiCiiouttim cftfupta, 

Ad ii lilad argumctttiim UbofAf falfa 
fuppofitronc. Suppooic oitiiiiKni crtre- 
jma,qutt>ui intcrjaceimcdium juHitif cx 
/tntenriaPhiloropht & Aliotunii^cdarc 
pluftvcl mJnusquiim dtbcasj $c soh icpe- 
jici alia^cTTrema vittofji qutbus inmjici 
pofTic. Quod)amc5ftiikrircf4irum. Di- 
dumcntmcft cnedium janitic cpt^^iler^ 
jnrtr p lu s iljo i u s pcr roo « & m i nui alctt i o l« 
quam eai^ue debcaturf <fuoruRi ahcrum 
ri> ahiro r(l itifeptrabtU. Cum plas 4c 
ininufi cootraria c^icrt^ vTicuribas coTaft-^ 
4<feivcuKrefptd» qnittjs Mntittm <|uGdw 
^jiif pfrlp^iVj ««1 fi jliquaudo rerpciftii 
fi«liiu0i*Jitti£9trmi€«r t^m^ & pecmp» 

li^^imOt&iDCOfnfofribilia. 

A4|. iiq^Qf r cKili^iii fuf mb|i»aUcAf em 
$h(xitii HfHfp^iiii» ol»iedfto&c».&.cmiH> 
A^.priittf.fnjefitcm Ptkii«fopki^D .Tbomc 

4cjiU9mm tummxmiKu ^i jfJddiiUK k»> 



^ 



roaicuili peTronarum.j & rcrum.fccujid tl«l 
kt qumciturQbic^ia. 

QV j£ S T 1 O X, 

Vtrnm iHfiitiM vcrfetjtrdreMfwUs fftrmhmn 

yi D 1 T tt 1. eiTca acrafdac «^«alirrf 
Tcrfarii »equcq|Ooad hocQllttincAc 
difctimc B i^cc pftitiahi U cartcras 
Tirruccs moralcf 9 qaia cx Pliiloreplio x. 
Eih. cap, 5. omnii viicus moraiis Ycrfacur 
voluntaccs & dolorei fca rriflicias, qujc 
ccrte iuntpaflionci. Srgo omoi rirturi 
moialicommunecft» uc vcrrecuxcircapaf- 
fioncs, canquam circa propriam matcriam. 
Kuifus ex eodem capitc 6. rirrusac (icic 
in communi dcfinitur : quah^umfscit hth 
hentfm,^ iftff ejtft hnum riddit»Etgo com- 
munc nonminuscftomniTirtuti. ucTcr- 
fctur circa opcrationcs; quasfcilicftbo* 
nas rcddcre miBimepoceft, quinvexfctvr 
cii Ci cardcfn. Ergo bcucio cx capicc poteft 
efrcuUa difFcccatia ifltcr jttlUciaWjicalias 
Tirturcs. 
a Ncguc iuftuia poccftut^vi^^];^^^* 



tioDcs Tuas non iuperacis paAonibQfi qiti* 
bus iWz ttddiiniMi i difficiles j ncqcie 
fortitudo > 6c tcmperantia poflufit fiijpc- 
rarc paffioDcs» nili ut cxf^asttttilr dpcM- 
tioDcs pcrtineotcs ad oaamqaaniqDeilla« 
rum t utqoe eliciant aftus ptofeeatiTos 
honciiati^ . > . cut adverfaBtut. paffiones. 
Ergo eognniuDe eft omniivirtuti mora!i> ut 
circa opcratiooesi ft paffibncs iadivilim 
Tcrfctur. 

5. D. Thomat quSeft, fg. .arr. «-. &: f, 
cadem tatione <(ua docct iuftitiam 
noDcireapaffironcs» fcd citcaopcradones 
^verfari^ docct idipftim deomnibnsparti* 
bus juftitix tam potcftativis, deintcgra* 
libus , quam fnbjc^ivis. Patet autcm 
cas juftitiar paitcs vcrfart cirrapaffionr^. 
Libtralhas coim ex, gr.qii» eftparspote- 
ftativa iuftitiie j roodtratur nimium it« 
I9«rempecunia?9 <]ui cftpaffioeoncupif» 
cibilis» & iir decxtctisfimiiitcr. 

4. Quarlibet virtus cz proprioiBotiv6 
potcftfttperarc quamlibet fui opeds drfii* 
cuhatem , undccunqiie illa provcniar. 
Continct cnim in fc propofitumuDivcr« 
falc femf er Ac pro qualibct circumftantia 
adharrcndi fuo motivo atque de iufiitia 
didtumcft figtianter difput.. 8.^ continefi 
Ja JfA Imiiifmodi ip ro^ ofitum ttibudndi 



c pcr jetmimmeatarc luperari nimius 
Diae amor Hii rcHftens. -EccQJusprv^ 
Tervirtus, qiiK quanrum cfl de rc, 
s etiam minimar mbci^Di cujufvrt . ^ 

>nisinclinancis iii coBtrarium neceP> 
cederetj nifi per aliam vircotem ip£ ' , ^ 

:nirccur. ^ ■ 

Licetutaliquodopus fit mat^riaifltet 
m iblum rcqniracur eife rcipfa com* /, .; 

'urarum juti alccrius cx quocumq^ie 
im motivo ac incentione fiac ; ta^^ 
oc fit formalicer juftum accefTe «ft '.^ 

tx motivo proprio ac fpcciali jufti* ! 

Quja hoc eft de rationc rxrcurts taa --.|;.' 

mmuni, quam in p»cicniari uti ft^ pi 

s didbum eft & alibi dcmo&ftracum. ;; , 

:aucem coUigitur opus formalitec jit- \; 



W.4 ' S!^fi^^ X. 

4inicilts ad amne opiHformalimboDitiRb 
^mllitecautemconLiDgicinadibusforci- 
jii(ftois Sc CfmpcraQriz.£ierhli<|ui4icai.po<* 
jN^(l»acadioniaceriaIicerrantum.fouU>aoc 
jrcmpcraufiacabrquc Tt^oria paf&ratf» 
ifiiiaigttocaiur ptticulum morciiAAiofti 
^ipfa <fOojun€lttm« auc qaiacedtctiraliciii 
jiliipaffioaH i4«mqaciiKicucdcfolaiita.« 
tcrarpt^ cujii» Ticario conncza a^ioni. 
f^x ^i^mcrur* tuc ignorar ur aac oricac mb 
alia paffionc. Ergo Ti^oria paffioniscMs* 
f urijtccfam in aliis Ttrcucibas fcqairitiu 
folamadipfaram ftdioMi focmaliccruF 
lcf. IkrgoJiufticia ▼crfacac circa paiBoftcs 
tpdciiiprbrfasmodo» quotcrfaococcirca 
t^fdcm i»ii.quatTtf cuccsjnorakii adcoqo» 
dircd^ ctiam ic per fc« 
^ll*Phi)ofopliasx:ap.i.a.ae4*^D.Tbonaas 
^n«ftfS«arCi4.IC9.doccncmaccnamjufti* 
jS#cflef€ilas opecacioBcs exccriorciordi* 
JMsa%adalrernm) forciciidanisyerd lc ccn^ 
^ranciae eflfe folaspaffioBCSs folunique in* 
dirc^l^ ).afticiam circa palfiones» Acrelii- 
qjuasfircarcs circa opcraciones czreriorcs 
»daU«rumfcr(ari. Quse fcnreocia ab om» 
•ibttSananimi confenlii recipicur» dcmpcjo 
Bttridano>cujasfttndait)encisnuperpropOi 
icif I. Dl^ occttcracttc dao(iittifratfereoda. 



um fjittifl^insad quKfUoucdidcie» A-d 
lli«Ncrm ilcvcce fpt^ai cffcClui vif* 
m\ quifuiitaJakecump nomiacopc* 
num communitet cenrcfi i <{ui vcio 
ructt ad Alrcrum afhioQcs AinpH«ircr> 
npcraiionciapprlliri. Undc Hriudi» 
5; omnri eius paFCef ; ^uia taot ad 
um, Terraricircaopctaiicifs^ & uda 
La^iotic*; cjrtcras Tcr& ¥inuttscirci 
^ncSj l^ oDtt ciica «pcriCLOiics juicft 
munem loquendi m<»ilijfli. 
l4 rcm auccm ipe^ar Yirtutcs omoet 
oc datir ut fapfrcnc tliqumi diAliCul- 
m^ ac arduicattm a&iotkU feu open* 
ishonedx Ncmpe ad a£kusiiulloe;c. 
cc difii ci lesac arduosnulla cfl occeT« 
, Bullaquc dacur vtrtus. Supcrflueret 
1 & quod vircuci repugDax» €;fljcc ia« 
shabenci. Junicjaaucem <Sceiu$pai:* 
bec dilFcruDc a Foicicudiae 5c rempe* 
ia, carumque parcibus } quod a^uS 
um redduDtucdifficilcsrolumcxreni* 
iapa/Tionum: A6Vusver6iun:itiac fuDl 
cilcscx fuo obieAo prxcis^ iadepenr 
er etiam arcBicencia pafTioMum. QusH 
liquje vittucis ita verfanturcirca paf- 
ts^MV iUi% fem«cis da«d» noA forenr> 



'n4 ' flUAflh T. 

jicc ciTcdr vAhi^ tx parre neccfnina?'» jnfU- 
tia yer6 illt« cciam femoch eHec Dccefrn- 
day^flc darccur. 

.Dirminieb iftud dbfefvatir optinic > d: 
ffei&onftrtTirD^.Tlioniai r:i; qt^tfir. f ^, 
att.'^.dt.tfu1rft.6a. afr.ir/a: ^ ubi^nocilt 
aliudein^botiurh-tiiiicuiq^ propoitieif#» 
tiimrecanc&imfpecteiii flriiiciiTidu^iBr^ n^ 
U^d ei^edens p|:opoitionem pocentiae» rA 
iccundum fpcc)em»Tel rccundum indiTr- 

'4tt«m.' Eonmnf l^fpe^bu cuiufqne pr^pbr» 
tioBacttnr recsndtini Ipedem Bc indwN 

'^ittiim» eft-bobaih pcoprinm- c^infoitc ie« 

*^tiidum feoonfid^erili^feu quodiiaDecn^ 

*#ionem boni re(pe6hi cuiafque fectindom 
fe. Bonuih ^cedcBS proportionem cuitil^ 
^ue feciindum indifiduamtanram eft bo- 

'liam ptbximi-i ^tiod feilicct notf AifSth 
#bo)ioprojprio fecundum fpeciem» fed fr^ 
<&'dum indiTidttttro tantam. Bonam etcc* 
dcnft proportionem ctt jufqut eciam fecni»- 
dum (peciena eftbonnm divinum i diftani 
fcilicec infinire a bono proprio cuiufqtie 

• fecundum fe. 9t compareturTolanratciiih 
boto fibi pro]^ortibQaco> id cft proprio 
TOidDtU fccundntt fe, non indigct ad pr6* 
fecucionem cius ullo habicii , atttiTirtuto 
ftbi fapcraddita pcr fe loquendo. Quia atl 

i^0Mum proprium & jptogou\QVLiLtam cu- 



f 1 

taipcitmjCflcumtautiiiB^futtis. AiTci&ai 

piofecuiioEicm boni mimmc ptopotii&na* 
cJjqualecQbonuin dj^inam., & omnebo-' 
bum aUcBunii fjujitcnus alienufn,timct£i 
DuUuia aliuEidcidGc impcJimcacUri» luc 
^ifficu]uSr[iMdJgec f oIuqeis hA^jtu» Ucec 
ii0j) Qt limpliuccr profcqui iUud poiTici 
b40c tamen ut facile poHix ac prompt^» 
(;^ia bQ&um.a^ici:iu0oaufqi adtoallif^ir, 
icmpc banum eflamabilc cz fu^ rarioBCf 
Einicuiqi aurem proprium uc tioccE Philo- 
ro^KuSjic tcflaTUtcipeiicntj^ aAc^tirs cri- 
ga beuum ptopriuai Tildc foHiciti, Uei*^' 
gticaccSTcro niEuiallEcr crga altcaitm. 

Deiode> ut dc bono diviao nihil pro 
tiunc dicauir) de cujus arduitace alia infu* 
peirarioell, nec ad puadlum.prxfcnsper- 
tinet immcdiatc, & paulo poil obiccr dc 
■odicetur; circa bonum proxirni,pra?rcr- 
tim quod per jufticiam exhibccdum ci^^ 
ideftpeculiarisracio difiicuhacis, qux cx 
BQptoTcuitquod UDufquifq; naturali ia<- 
ctinatioMcappcticprarmiacrc aliis praefcr- 
tim qnoad libetcaccm & amplirudiacin 
terminorum , intca quos ipCa continetut. 
Iftos terminos ampliac injufticia piur- 
f nampar cllj Zc\ ufticia impedit ^uotuiaM^ 



ici ampliftifr, a. lupedas diftaai^tft. !«•' 
c(t ergo peculxaris diflScoicas ol]r|edo ja«' 
ihci«, propcer qaam^ ad illtas proiecHcio^ 
ii^mprompc& aicfacilem acceiartaficr^i 
ctaUsTiRus? xdq; iodcf-cadtroccr^sp^afto-' 
jie cootraria. <^aappiemaspardtl€tifi>-'' 
tiva; fea paffio dirigitur cogaiciodc inace^ 
C)ali> qatt ooo e(t coUaciva uaiaf:cxtrciiii 
com alio, ideoqoc jadictreaoapocclldc 
pratemiocncia unius fupra alxom. Qoare 
tximxusappecicusprxemio^cia? e(t Yictum 
||artisrationaliSjUtracionalise(l. Aogelit 
ouoque co^uois oaturilicert occ proTe« .. 
mc formaliter a pa(fione,fed taotum mt« 
terialiter» quacenus per paffioocm propea- 
demusad cabooa fecuodumfeconfidera* 
ta, quorufn coofec^ittone uous alteri prc* 
cminctquoadampiitudiacm terminocum^ 
Ixbcrtatis. Quaproprer nemo poccft clTe 
{brir^iltter injiiltas cx motivo proprio a* 
lAus iajufti pratcis^ropcerpalEoacm, fed 
ptopter oimium cdVdlum fotmalircr ra« 
ciooatem.iUcontrariam di^amioi tcGtx' 
rarionis,atcameo feqaatur du^^am ^gtii* 
tionis Formaliter ratiooalis,' & habentis 
locumetiam in fubftantiapurc fpiitruali. 
Patct igicurcz iis adeilerarionem (pecia* 
lem,ob quam rcliquis virtucibus morali» 
has potius, quam juftiuK a4tcu\>t^*^<^t 



int^tiatn miEcru pidpuij cixcM. 

icl^oc ipfuni ifiDotcrcitcUriitfj 
quc manifclliiisp.ifrioncsa ma^ 
Ta,6c peculiAn iufli^^irjtioua-' 
Ircnvis, [itinam vjrcutem nioia-* 
c«^Ti3}ir$ vjrcsicfLHcncliomjit-^ 
iLtitbus> & ftaflionibu« impH^* 
4 i&am vicii contiarii i fcd u- 
tibci qiiibuEdam pribcjnalu^f^^ 
rnm ti » aliiSTcr^ inrnuspriBd:i-> 
umrc|uc CAnfUnrcrithdcrtH A* 
Dtnncs itidLfcnmtnirim pflfllo*' 
IJTer ifTttiT ma^eria ca^uslibcr 
Qu»a ncllaeftvirtuscui tjonad» 
u^libctpaffioproaIi(|uacircwm»' 
rcrum ^ifpofirione. Cadiraci c- 
. contradicir avaritia, quaodo 
oluptas lucrofa ptftmittcntepc- 
tlr-citJirorc , (imilitcrquc contra- 
)r eodcm minanti Hcccm (i hbi 
^ntiatur; & ii minetur in io(a- 
titradicct fu^etbia. Contradicic 
)cr luxuria. Idcm dc cartciis o- 
:um yittutibus» tuw padionibuf 
odo comparatis deprchcodi fa* 
it. 

a aatcmqiiodon^n^stfidifcrimi- 
/S^iirsjraualiceriSnc maumcxx* 



iurTis virtucis iMralis, ell abfucia niitt 
propteruoanimemomnium au^eru con« 
leouim deftiaa^atem fiog^las fcorfim vir- 
tures «oderandis fiogulis concrariarum 
•aiEonambifi|ariisj tunuguia ilataq.uali« 
9ti victuce rup^qrflnerent reliqte eodem 
fcoriusmodo ^ racioBeacqa^r^pecfiuixt 
daca una vinucje forcicudiniSj aha rurfus 
forcicudinis yirtus iocta idem.gcpus ^. in 
«odem fubjf £^o ad m.oderandos ti^ores* 
' Picendum igicureft unam^ttam^; vir» 
tutem moralem primo U princifalicer^ 
inajoriqi cum vi refiftere difficulcacigu^ 
citinfeparabilispor fe atnocivo ejuCdeiii 
yircucisi, Jc quod ptainde opponicur Ibr* 
inalicer ac dir^<fVe Aiocivo.viciofo^ezjao 
oricur dificnhas concracia. H09 mado 
comparaocurinvicem forcicttdo, & cimo«. 
res, quos incuciunc ohjeda cerribiha s ncc 
noo cempcranciay ic volupcarcs caAuSi 
quibtts prorndc paffionibus majori loag^ 
vi rcffftunc. finguf« finguHspropocciona«. 
tXifuam i^convcrfo. Kacioeft^uiaquo* 
cies cxercctu^ adlus ahcujus vircutis» to- 
cics coDcipiciir propoficumformale & »• 
phcicum dc faciendarcGftcnctapaniioni & 
fupcraodadifficuUatc d.rc^Ci & formali-^ 
cer fibi •contradic;;6oci>& infeparabih pecfc 
i/nociirocjufd^mvucttcis. Pcccfiftcn,i;iA. 



fci^j fiCieniin^nispiiiriQnibascIctjtie aliis 
jtfBcohatibas fupcr^aiis Cnl^nn cancipi'^ 
mr pcr fc ptopofittim implicimna , Sc iu 

pr^poticum forma]ej& cxflicicum de ali^ 
quarc}» pirciciilari longc pra!7a!crc viri- 
ba« Bc cffic^cttare Utf ra ^tof^fixixm im- 
pliciruni, 5: in gencrc, icu Tagum, dum 
cztcri ruiit parii. 

]3m dt!ficultt5 itujiirmodi fpecianrcr 
finccricii pcc firtiitcin juftici» oritur cr 
appeticuprarlatiotiiiiuc mtnotis ttiferio'^ 
ritiiis rcfpciflu (kcrius, quoad tfrminos 
ptt^prixHbettans. Htce«im tppeticusoc- 
corriE icmper. fic tepug^at juflin^ in qtia- 
ciiiique matcria Tcrrecur. Scnipcr cnim 
jaClitia jus fautn auicuiqoic cribuic, ac 
proiodc coQciacc libercacem ageacis ]ni\6 
iacra proprios terminos Don augcndo illos 
6e<|uc fecuodum fe pfr tdditioaem bon«- 
rum, ncqnc comparaiivc per dimiautio^ 
ncm alicnam. Pafliones autcm concradi- 
ccntct jufticiacfunc divcrfr pro divertita- 
rc jucium, ^\ix rcddit uaicuique. Nam. 
camrcddicpccttnias, rcfifticaviritia,cum 
libnorem, fupcrbia ; cum faaicaccm &: 
inccgriratcmcorporis fxpc ira , faftpc ci- 
naor > Sc (ic juxca alias rariccacet matC' 
ri^, U circ^mftaofiaruai TMiaaiut ^jaSi^- 



111 ^.^fiio X. 

oesrefiftcntes. Q^apcopceraalliafipaduir 
nes dcccrmioat^iupcraQdxpiropoficu foc- 
inalc> & cxplxcicum iatludicuc aaiYcrfaf 
iiccria.omnt adii jaftxcis; (icuc iacludir 
.|ur ptopofitum fenraodx arqualicacis le 
icfiiUndi iacliaacioai ianacxadpraBcmip 
nentiam» Pacec igicar castcras Tircuc^ vcc^ 
flkii foimaliccr 5c cjcplicice circa pa£oqeSt 
& pcxcisd racioaeipfarum ciTe acccfliauaii 
4c oon pioptcr adioncs i qiiibas iacum* 
ib.upc^iccuadttm fccoafidcraus : jufticiaiii 
.v.cr6ccpnYCifovcrfaii formalicerlc cxpli*. 
^Cji ciifca operacioncs» c/rcqne acccffafjaiB. 
xiic;i.on94lifficaluus> faa; in^ tpfis. iccoft^ 
.4!W.(V> ^ Pon r^toncalicujuspaiCoais 
4«Tei^minacd/cdiiequeindeccrminaceprae» 
(Cise raciooe padioais, Qt^ed crac oftcn» 
.4endum pro defcnJlupac opiaioois com* 
^upis» & Tcr^. 

Ad I. Pkilofop.Kus. io poftei-iori illo cc* 
ilimooiouiurpacppus io laciori itgoifi^af 
xipnct prouc complc^icuyr omncgenus 4r 
.£tioais immatfeociam dc craisieuotiam 
^QkrdiQ&tic^^f^ 9c apo o(dioaci|ruin ad aiiam. 
iQi^4 Aon toUic quooQiaus cadcm voic 
.nrnrf^^ttc fjamiliariccr in .figoificacion^ 
iftriftiptip.ro (ola a^ioacArdi9a(Ca;adi3aU 
.tci:ttm>U(.^fMi;pacvLra.D.ti|onMiia pc«4rii« 
j/j 4? 4 Pt^i^pji^ f^bi i»pc. Ad pr4o« 



D# mMUnmiHJtitli. ii^ 

r«m locum reff>oti<ict D. Thomas qn, fs. 
arc. & ad i, juifi dodlnnam PiiiloropKii 
tUEti illocap. ). lum marimcy, Ech. c.it, 
uon omacfn TirtUTCm morilcm ?erUn cic* 
ca volupcaces& triftitias ticut ctrca mate^' 
liim pioprijim i quaisdoqtiidcm faicitit- 
do verfacurcirca cimorcs & au(iacia5iqiu& 
f arct neo caiticiderc cam volupcacibus, 9c 
trifliciis, fcu dolDribu£jquibusmo4eraii<' 
dif f rxcft [cmpcranria. 

Vdlopcas igirtirj k niflirU funt com^ 
l&uficsomniYUCUci morah Doa ^cuc mt^ 
icriA cius ai^iobi fubie^a, fed Ucut ficiit 
ad caudcm aftiouem eoQfcquctis. Nara 
qui habcc habicum alicujusvitTutispofto- 
peracioDem illi conformcm afficicur ma-^ 
gDa^c (pcciali quadam volupcatc; tridi-* 
tia vcro poft «pcrationcm dcfeduofaitt 
coacrariam. £c hoc modo juftitia eciam. 
Ycrfatur circa velupcates & tiifticias« Nec 
cnim eft juftus,quiootigaudec operacio- 
nibus juftis, uc habccur x* Ech. cap. 8. 9c 
conrequcncernequeisqui non criftarurde 
operacionibus injuftis^ Conftac haoc ia- 
terprccationcm ciTc le^icima^ cx codciu 
illoloco GujusparsaiTumicuc inobje^io* 
ne>omi{raracioDe Philorophi,qttasconti* 
net in fe folutioncm dacam. Subjungit 
tnim fic : Vn^twm ji ^irtHm fnm circ* 



(^ i^dnnttn 'VDinffas fiftisiMr *»/ d^Uri 
'vhras ch idipfum circf^ 'V&lsi^tMtfS dd&ref^ 
qite uerfitrur: coufcqucntes urique Sc hl* 
benccs riitonem Htiis ; n&n vcth tmtcuM 
perTenieaTis raciortem Sc modcrioiae pef 
eandcrti, fiqu.idcra fcrtno clb di volMpra- 
it Sc dolorct (]ui fecj^iiicur ittet^^um, fic 
idlrioDcm* 

Aii. CoticeiTa anrccedcQTi difttqgTti- 
tuccoDrequcnG; ti^o cominuQC cR oaini 
■vircuti ftioiali urcirci operatfonei Sc pas- 
JtonesitidivifimTcrfctiu rcfpici^do utras- 
qaeform^ilLccr 3c a^qu^ dirc£tc«acprinci-' 
pailitctibrquc uUoquo a<i ho€ dHcrlrnitte 
iarcr viriutes ; Nc^^atur coDfeqijeDcia. 
Cutil difcciminctca tit ali« virratcs refpi- 
cianc pa(Tioncs fotmaliccr & direfl:c> a- 
dtiofies vero Arcuudum fe idcaciccSc mi- 
11 U5 priticipaliter: alix auccm ^ cotivcrfo; 
concediturcotifcqaentia, HuiuCmodi di* 
Hin^ioaem omties adinitcauc ueceirtt eft 
^odiftinftiofte diyerfacuoi paffionu circa 
anaSf ficac circa maferia» piopriam Ter* 
IftfltHr diTerfae viccuccs ; cuni ofbenfum fie 
faamlibec ▼ircutem «atlibef p^flioAi ali« 
^aiicer reliftere* 

Icaque D.Thomas 8c c«tecicoifiisiiirMr 
TJbjMlogi ngn afficmaAcittftitiam ie «iw 



^f mMtena f»ftifid. t$^ 

opfratioQCs i^nquiim maicriani ad«^* 
^:jm rcrp;;(fta fui, m eicludant omni- 
pafnuQcj; ncquc tt>Hi e iiuiucm lc rcm-» 
antiAni iEircfpitcic parnotie^, ur rxclii- 

, iiJi iiLcnbatiuc opcr^tionc^* iis vcr6 
lioacs tati^uam uiiiicriam prjTcipliamj 
B^crlcobiatiionffm daf:im. JFictjucianiri* 
km puno cH, ut qiiDd clc im titiQ^ ucqtie- 
tcipuuin, & pt-^rk, ^^rcaEUf tit io;ofim* 
ciEet» utc^uc cx co (lcruri)3i4!£ abioluid 
lominano» pctin jc acqu^ ii id in c^ i« 
icctcpciiictur. Ccuc dsffcictia votum 
a ar^sefl D.Thotnas c(^ admodum ac- 
nmodata ad (ignilicandum difcrimcEi 
Ic quod cxpoiicum tH incci: juiticiani> 
aiias Yirtuccs. 

\d y. Nocandum cft cx D . Thoin;^ iq, ty^ 
maloarc.i. avariria, uc c(l ioordiiiaiia 
:^us, opponi libcralicaci, & fub ca ra- 
nchabcrc vicium cocrarium prodig^ii'^. 
cm, ac ver6 uc ctk czcra in re; idcft ar 
niHcar appccicum inordinacu parcii^ rA«. 
nalisind^pendenccm a mocuappecicus. 
(icivi, 6c fundacum in nacuia rci czte- 
ris comparaca cum nacura racionaliid€-^ 
kuofa, ^uarenus prona ad prajenrrinen- 
m quo ad bona exceriora^ ho^ ia^u^nv: 
J i rcicio 



xnoAo rumptani Avaritiain opponi jufti« 
iix, 6c fub hac ratione non habcrattlltim 
^kiufncontrariuni. Cujut ratio dpofiu 
; cftin quj^ft. prflfccdenti. 

biccndiim igituf cft iiberalitacem» qM 
tftpari joftftia: cantam poreftaciTt; ncf of 
te partimcon^ciiieDf cun jafticia^ptRioi 
.^iffidcns ab cadcm non o*pp onifofmalicec 
& dired^aTaricise, uc clHnordinacioaftSB^ 
^ttS dc padio parcis (cnfitivar» qaacenof 
conTcnit cum juftitia, fcd quatcnas drf* 
ftrt^ab eadem« Quod omnino convincHT; 
^brcorfasfupcrrttjB faAus circ1i'difii(fQlt1i«^ 
•ein formalitcr, 9c cxplicit^ fapertndani* 
pcr juftitiam, Idcm propoicionaliter coa-- 
Ttnit casccris parcibus pocfftatit ii iufti*' 
t>ar* Quarc dum dicitur partes fubic^i- 
Tas, & poccftativas, aut ctiam inccgrtlcff 
iuftifi^Tcrfari circa operaciones, fic oen 
cilCt paffioncs, acciptendnm id cft de ptr* 
tibus quidcHFn fubicdliviS abfolutc & abf* 
quelimitationci dccxtcris vcco cunihtc 
Itmitatione formalitcr quatcous conve- 
nittatcttmiuftitit>fcurationecittspra(di* 

. iftti,qaodcftip(iscommunecumiuftitia, 

- Ad 4. iSc f .Patet ez di£bis quamlibcc vir<^ 

mtem poflc cic vi fui motivi fupcrarc o- 

j^Ac!» 5c quaslibet difficultatcs opcrisYer* 

. ifawis ad ipfam } noux^ftvttL xc^\vi.Utec 



ficm^m motio* (td ^liquas cum fpccjiin 
niaioriviatq'Jcdir«£^6|!f ufliTcHaliteri 
ias vcrti cioft itii arquetiifficuIUKmco 
odo rptcialitct rtipcrandamaTirtutcm- 
ttixcfTe iadepend{*ncemfDrfTiaIifttabo- - 
ai paflioDCj neqtie faimalirer provcnirc 
corruptiooc cotporis, fed cfiVpcr fcfepa- 
bilcmabea. Qoodiion ita c^jntitigit ib 
Ttutibusrelj^iiifidc quibusloquicur ob* 
^io cam confufione eius quod fc li^bcif 
:r fcj 6c tftpiincipale ic univatfaJc cum 
>t quod ncqua^ufLm cale c[i. 

*^^^V QJT jt S T 1 O Xt 

trttm fufthia parttcularis differat Jpecie i 
juftiria legali ? 

:TIditvr noD diffcrrf. i. Qnia ununt 

\ Sc m\i\i2i non divcrflficanrt fpccicni 

virtucis. Quodtanqiiam primiiprin- 

pium admittitur ab omnibus ; & coDfir- 

atur, quia cadcm virtutc , rcdditur ius 

UKi, quod multis indivifim dcbetur, 5?: 

lod debcrur uni fcorfim : atqua cadcrn 

ire libcralitatc fivc mifcri^cordia fubvc- 

tHr multis & palicis : uoi & pluribus. 

ommunitas autem,cuius bonum tcf^i- 

c Juiiicia Jcg^lls, difftxx i finjrulis COTIt 
r O • 



teuns in commiinuJic j qtioiujn bonum 
rclpicitjijlhtij pjnKuians ; ficur utujin 
Sc rtiujca j acjpei Lf>nl'cqBco5bonum com- 
iiiyniuusdincu A liorac /5n:^ulniumj tsn- 

Er^^c!) ncttrrum bontini il)B«i£ ab aluio 
Iptrcie, Hrgo neqnc vir::us circa aitcj:ii»i 
, «iifktr fpfciea viraKc ciKa aUtruin. 

1. llna(jua;.(^u<; pcirons partkiijarjs in* 
^lLidirQT in RtpubJ ic;i ianqu| ^^ts iUiits» 
^ bcuupi cccius cft bonuro tiniurcujwf^y^i 
l^auis j ;)tqtie e conveifc. £r{|o Viicusoi^ 
^inapsail bonuiriconimuflCjfcuadboilum 
KeipnbHc4? iuf^^citKtt^r oidiAai ^4 booum 
parnsj (tu parncijjaris cujurqu? pcrloEi^e* 
£ rg6 po ii ra ) u fti ri a 1 rga I i crga R c rap ttbi^ t- 
rsmjupt^rfiuit juliitia flltapattictilantcr» 
ga /irguloi, Rcpitgnat auccm viituci «^lTc 
fupctflaaK»» 

5. Si admutrrerrr juflitia pArticubrU 
«liflioOailtgalijadinictcndjc cccfc^uca- 
i cr dlV n i niu 1 1 x j 1.1 fti n^] ci^al cs, fp e c i c di-' 
ftindx jtiiEa mnhipliciTaE^ni corrimuui-' 
tatum Alianamt|i conftiuTcnda tff*c pro 
tuf n Jo bono fjmi1i:tr>4lia pro bono triliuSa 
slia pro bofio Civiuti$] ali^ pio Rc|^uij^ 
fic lic ^liis ufqi clatxi ilcvcniattJiaii UDam 
jullitism Je|;jlcta pioviflcntcm bono to- 
ihs ^encri* hummi h c\VLoi t\muvim clt 



jyt diffwrtntU fitfi, ^e. H^ 

qurdjm utta Rtfpufcihcafiibufto Pnncipt 
Dco c^nftjtuia. Hxc auEtnn tanta ju*Vl- 
tiarum IcEaliii l^ccifica ilLftiiif^io S^ raitl-' 
fituclo cii co»ni commmticra hominutn 
fenrum dM^if 3bfotiaQs& iEi<lc»<5lh. No«^ 
quciamcn yldcriir fcqudam ncgacipoAcj 
<}Uta tinra cd ciiilantf^ uqlus bmiliar i,' 
ttibu, &httjus a CiTiiatc, & iic de carte-^ 
riit at<fncdl unius honunis a familia.^ 
Ergo fi viitnsTefpicictisbonymUQiuiKo- 
TniDis difi^cn fpccic k f itcucc rtipicjcfttc 
boQutn commutie famiiia? I virius tefpt-^ 
c^ciis bonum famiUi? di^crt c(iam fpccie 
i viiCtiEc rcfpicicntc bot^um iiibus » vcl; 
Civiraijfaut Rcgtti. 

R. J uftiiia lcgalis duplicttcr ufurpatur : • 
piimum pro habku clicichrc a<5V«s confor- 
mcslcgi. Atqaehoc feafu juftiria lei^HliSv 
noQ c(i una ahqua fpecies virtucis> fcd coN 
Ic^ioomoiam vircuismquia lc.eesdifpo-* * 
nunr de omr^ibus UDiveiiii» ^(iD^uJis^ 
quorpernncncad hoQeAatcm» Un^dcnulfa/ 
cft vircus, ^uac non ciiciac afluiconfof^ ' 
ra«s Icgr. Juftitia igicur particularis drf- 
fcrc inadarquatc a juftitia lega4i comodo» 
ufurpaca. Ditfcrccnim ucpaisacofo. Se* ' 
cnnda )uftici;elc^alisiifurpatio/caqj, ffe- 
qucDciory ^ quas abfolut^ fubiatcllit);!- - 
tur j duFQ aiiud aoh eiprimiciis | ati ^My « 



l^lt;«;jttUuideiic«^imediiitit»«i»ttm coi 
Jii|ifac7 a^^eJA-bec icnfu procd^itiqiii 

ftiiQl prop-o/f!ia% t:'I - ^i .^ 

«iPiiC^^amigft» cund PhiioXopKb in pri 
fentics^p. 2.;&ift^ &. Ub.Atqacc*!».». n 
j^Q^ lil^i iScc^ip^^. Potit. Sc cinA D.Tbot 
q|^xft,iftii.5S. aic^ac?* aliirq;coinro 
xu^eiiuftiuitn^legalieinj.qais de.gcneia 
4iiictrur>4iSiBgQi fp^cijeaiunitiapafiuc 
lirijiucarqiif cxplicata..]^obattiri.)ap* 
A^iori, ,Qgia ut <iicit:Pki)bro{»htts a 
iUiO;|*pomiiQ;ontingicaliqucmeflebooi; 
vi|ii|]^ e^tcAU^ n>heaii ut oenKiiii ioiuria 
iifer;^ti€i$[tc fH.flirffidilis ad ilUm ift£crc 
^am>& nihilomiQas nou eflttboQumM 
Ycmsfe4fikgl«g^tcai boii» c£oma9\iiias. 
pxoi^OYcoec)x]bfo«ile bonum pilitatiiBi n 
glf fta commBiibiiuitc. £onum Autcm < 
Tcni facic iuftitia legalisi 8c iuditia p; 
tifiolaris faciii«bopumtviruotiii ordinci 
-vicaDdasiuiuriasdneAloiiim. Hrgoiuf 
ti;i icgalis.lc particttlacisrfroniviuatcai 
ric^ fcparal>ile&»4c di{lin6bc:fpccici . . \ 
. S)ci|L4e iufti&ia particularls conftiti 
X4)oalicacc/n» ut. didlum: ^ inccr cuir 
qu^..cxcf.cctur> 5ccum>:cif ca qucm cxcti 
tvu: qo^ceqiiali^sxtriqurcil a:qualii 
booa> ucpatct 3c Acucri faYiCC cjim ia^u 
aUoiius. A&.itl[fticia Ugaiisi fpLyet.boc 



Ve dtferintiM }uffi. ^€ tjT 

Iquc A<JcA , m vitam (jtioquc ipf^rni ^ 
(ir irtipenderc bonn coJTimLini ) crr- 
i xqDC favet rllit ^ui r:im extrcfu a^ 
?a «j^iem eycrcer. QniaboDum com- 
a?q*jAlir<rpcrtifictadringulas (^nrif- 
TTCi rcdtfim fumpcos. llndc Decclfc 
MOd tantutidcmintcrrit urtiufcjiur* - 
[nfim fiitnpti* qu^ntum reliqnotijin 
im fimuhanec lumpiorurn. Eri^o 
jtctnlit baDiim communcj minus 
c^viflcrj qnam^ cattcrjs ommbus, cir-' 
iss fiTBul fumptos bcacfica cius in- 
vcifarur. Patec ioiiiar (^uam mairi- 
Lficiilaium iDict lc viitutum (iivcr- 

Tfirmatiarapriori. Quia iuTliTiapar- 
ris haljet pro motiTO, ut Jiiflurh cfl: 
libcr.im facaltatcm a!tcriu$ mnni- 
gcadvcrfus cum, qui cxcrccr talcm' 
amjTGfpiritquccamlcgQmquatcnus 
cm alrcri» ?•: irravantcm, in favorchl 
.^fufh particularitcriuftum. Huiuf- 
aiitcm motivum ncqt^aqoam Habct 
i'^cncralis. Ncc cnim' itictur libc** 
cultatcm aliorum advcrfus gcncra- 
ftiiin.fed communcm ipli cnm ca?-*- 
Qu^ia non porcft ampliari, aut inrra 
mircs defcndi 8c confcrvati UbtivaL 
f 6 ^^l^mV 



Um.lituv & coortivcUTr Jnit^ulorum quoq^i 

f «:r j curn ^uud ci^niirtipc cfl cdcacialirej:» 

lEtAm i4tii);)cm pramovct fulutlitcr & 
*f,fiicjciecr D, TknTrii^iavMUoy^ Quia jii*^ 
('tnia icgalis «JiftinniiuuE 4 Tijrrutibui a-. 
niHTicjucciqi oiLdjuA[uiWi]£(|Uoadcap4rit* 
cuUrjj bo{:4 <\ii3t fpcf^aot dircde & foi- 
U^aljter ad ipfiim fccuudumrc; Eiimiiuxn 
a io^EKudiAC ^ ccmpeiancia, caiiini<)uc 
fauibnsfubjciflivfs Jk potcfHcivis, Ergo 
ciiam didinguitur i viitUEc oidiu^intc u- 
^.limqucnu|; ^uoad cjibo[ia,quxrpe(flanc 
^d altcium in f arcicttUn » ^uaccuus altcr 
cfti idcfta)uftuiapanrculari. Patciccm- 
icqucacia* Qmiabodtim coniuae,ciimpci-* 
lificac xquallccf id iinga]e& i;c)tnunitaiis^l « 
11 oD potcR ma£;it inchidcrc iu fc bonttm 
unufquirquc cx communicitc recuisdum 
lc conridciat), qnam prniic di(ti&di i c^i- 
tct^s. Er^o vircns inrcnti va boci comuuif 
DAU m;)gu diltmguuur ^ vircutibus m- 
tcndcncibusbjODti^^ cu^ufquc pirricuUtii 
tccuDdiimfc, qnam bouum cjnrdcm <\u^* 
tcnus cft alrcr , ab co» <^ui inrcudi t ipfiut 
bjouum, Dtfliaftio aucem juAirix lcgo^ 
^l^ i feXfimdmc & wmgaatiua clt mani- 



ctjam «iiftjti^io cJQriicm ijoftiiii pjiti- 
cuUri>& aboronibns cjus patnbtti. Uo* 
dc juftkia lci;ali5 cH mcdia incctTirFutcs f 
^^ it Sl MmmtiAd ihtttxwt & pirtippat ' 
^quAhtci dc fcifxCtionz pccuiiari uirt* ' 
iQmqtie, & ,ib-uuifcjwc aftjiialitci & paii 
laiionc diitLdcc fjiccic. i 

DciBum jiifUtiA paiuctilrtnf xqiialifer 
aBicit oziiuc^j & ab omnibus ac ^ngiiliti 
«ujuti«oqi*c gradu» & coDcitiionis cxcr* 
c^iurceJcTTi modo, jitlHtia autcm lcga- r 
list vLi docti cx PhiiolDpko D. Thomas . 
Aci. 6^ cii^ia in Principe cft piincipalitct 
&: quiH atchicc^taaicc 3 iti fubdicis vrto 
fecuu^iirio £c <^uafi adtninifbacivc. Qua^ 
Cj\ii<icm i»iio prubat liiftiD^tioRem ^ quit 
iatcn^Ltuii }afhn«c Jcgalis a parnculatt. 
Quia neqQit C4dciii fpecie tiirui» divcrfo» 
Si noo divcifoi tc4 coclcm moda afBccre 
pcifoaas divcsfa* fccandum munasSc/^a- 
\urR, ca(que iacliisarc ad a£tu^ fpccic^ii- ' 
Ncrf^s , Sc ncji divcrfos fpccie, Nan ta* • 
mCG probac jufticiam legalcm Piincipis 
liirtidcie fpi;cic a juftitia Icgali fuWito- 
luin. Quiaca<icn:i viicuspofcli: ciicrt a^us 
fpccicdliftinftos pioptei fpecificanidiTcr- 
fiutem dilpoficionU ic ciicumitantia* 
ium cs paEtcfubji^di auiobje^i4 ^t^xi^- 



IJ4» ■^-^iS*J(RM*lr-v-^'J .^.■. 
ita cotttldgi^.iii pr»rentif^ttia Pri^9^pt it ^ 
ftibditis pLoponicur mofiTiim boujcom- 
riunis idcm <|uoid fubf^iQriani 3 iili uc 
ptaccipiac, hisuc aeieqiianEuT in oidirtc ad 
jprambonumcQmttiuae. Licet fjepcu[:an<^ 
lur Aiy cifi^ m otivis cx partC' in ecI lci£tii5 Atl * 
inYcnitndam rcAicuJincni cie<riiooum - 
prru»cntium ad utroslibct ei ii]t«,eaque 
dtcauU diffcratic rpccic prudcntiipoliti^ 
Ci Pnncipi* Sc (nbds^orum. 

Quapropt*Mj.UOcldoc«t Piiilcyfophus x 
pHyi. tc3fr,3+; *t H* irteratchite6t»nic^^ 
& adminMtrattvas, ut cc^^eftrem Jt Frx-'^ 
nefaifliTam^ navigaronam & uavifaili- 
Tamjfpccit ciiffmej Yttntn ti\ 10 iJs qure 
eam dTtFtrtniiam (rrriutitur p<:r J* cx vi 
motiv i piiiTcip*lis,Tit in rTcmphtpofmsj '* 
non^ter^iiniii cpltif.>hiil^t<t 1^144 m ^tl^fi^ 
ralitcrrt» iwttfa- dUpbfitibil^ , aMf 'tViSrtl 
fub)edH%ut*^«f cafu.f racftirtis Sub^t^ fc- 
iii^Brl^iftneraifedtts ttb btftiiftti eo^^tf^ 

opcfaiiii]!/!divtrfi»|bdc^iarqbe'()iiv]^rfa^%^^ ^ 
YCifiiaceiSlteiifkil^cai ^Nt^\|Jicifflfftetf| fb^': 
bmii»4«hy,l<f^.8ac ttauefciAisa^^W' ^fl^iniAif ' 
apre^lif rttv^ tt- H^^^iili' cm MtflixAotie, dC^- * 
'v^rToM^iie mdtii»<> ptt-ielbr^fli^do. Ur- 
lu.atnefh^^iiabtat >iho«' oMter ribtatms , ^ 



ttiam paicicubrcm di^dccc Ipccic i }ii«^ 

AAv^ FatfumjcfliiDgiiloscomintinntns 

crmp^rari cum fpf;3 comiTLUQiratCi tjm*^, 
uam uQumtam tnQkii non nn&ris iQteri 
:, & cumiprauno^Tinctilo focicucis ci«t 
ilis. Comparatuc enim rjo^uam parsr 
dSTiTorOjititerftaieiitcpirticjpationebo-^ 
«orumi^ mjlorum obTCnicDtiumiUij & 
it^iDatioae^dtiAum cemunemtiuefnj le- 
csj Ma^iftratum & fimilia. Patct aucem 
.ti|urtuodi paitcm U loeunt di9^«rre fpecie 
btino^& Riultis non ita coHtgatis iiatef 
»j tiec nov a paryo St magaf» dTjTi^enn> 
ius inter ft fola qaaccitatc, Quare eitem- 
la dt muhis d: paucit termiotiihbus eah* 
icm virtiMcm libcralitatis , mifericordiir 
\L fimilium, funt aksr«> dum nou fumitur 
nuhitudo ciTiliterQBita,^ quatcnUsin* 
ludcns, pcr hujufmodi aoionrm» tpfum 
tiam qui ccs Yictntcs ezcrcet. Qw^n/^o ^ 
nflicuiturcomparatioinpracfitari; .■ ^ 
Adx. Bo<num coxnmuiutariseftbofittm ' 
ingulorum ciyium > &)bofti»n ««fiofca-^^ 
ufqncGivis, cft itidemboaumco^ttoita- ^ 
is ; fed tum hoc.dircrimitie^quod fl^lil:|fia 
)ona fpe&int ad iingulosicivcs^ dittd^^ 
lciimmcdiate, & a>d cammunitarW ni>^n 
ufi mcdiate ^ itAiw^i \iOjtx»ivc^^^^^' 



r 

alii^caiiTCrra, iia u[ia «^uiburdAin omnei 

■'tifiisl^ ft^ioDCs habeini, iu aJiiivero lie^ 
qut<|u3fO' Patcc auccm divtrftmodeftfhei 
hemitiei a<ic:3<)u,T cuiufqpc iaccrfuut;di-< 
rtiflcfc immcdiatt, liiRtt^tic ipfigs ufibut 
& Ubcrdr facultati fpeciiliicr dcpuuu > 5c 
a<lca qnit tiatiinqucmquc rcfpkiuni cait- 
tumtfidirc^ejdf iucdiact,fuiifmicqur fuit, 
& alicium b^btis ac libcrat dilpoilrioati 
in^iiritini^Suuc igicDr apca hxc ttrnufi^QC 
gcnciiibDna ad cermiQaDda; divcffas vic- 
tu!c$,ne€ poLcfl iiDa^ fola darc Jire£lr Bct'^-^ 
pficifcfacilitatcimadieryitifizicnjJCLUCEifU*! 
bccrc(5liiudift<m. ' . 'f 

Ad j- Aamictititr iaptimifi cum Pbi-f 
lar^po cap. <tr & cum D. Tboinaiarc.^» 
iUoT.arf r j ^.' JuiUriani locizmbeiitem bo-^ 
no familiie difUtiguivfpccic a iu(^icia tn* - 
teodeotc bonum civixatis. Quia familia 
f %mf e»iiar kx:> pes&aisKBttn Jiabeoctbas ^ 
caiB j uri %m\ ia hmnQpxm i art(|iuc i rbet c ati» ^ 
iilf tcf m'iddepcji^Dttfidiftijidix»iitm mo- 
tU4ie.'quatfi haihf ptfcj^escomparact incer h • 
&, cuQi liivi catc» Qood iiqucc cx ^didtis 
qQcii. 6..yfrfasfioem. 

Keeatuf deiBdeainQrttcndam c£c jufti^ 

ti^miegalcm fpc^ialcm^ crgli cocuiis gcnnt^» 

MikBMum^^Mxx^^ tat Jf &U& piitcfiu cu onf i; 



^ rqciakmjfjUHjm^j cLt ccAxyLmuDif TOii, 
»ii:iUiii[nAno, Cumcoim ^cQU^Luina* 

im fociiilcm cum u»oquoquc Kamtae« 
acrcrcAm, «^uyciimuQacapiitrDeocon-. 
tigitur dcqutidc6l\^him ju oriijDei^ ul^^ 
£UQm£ii<m^ t^ iuU vinucc chtriucUf s 
i^ quiCii^utprorcf^uitiit bonum <iivmuQt| ^ 
orequicui eriain booum comniu&eta*, 
u s ^eneii^ h iima d i , n cc c{l aecefliri i alift , 
nu&, adptutecuTLoneboiiiillius comu^ 
s, HocDifiiiciimcftiDta^pcuin&;atio& 
.incipesdifcLiir.c j cjuo^bodum a]iE>iuin 
riccipum eHc rrriiibiie faltejn quoad 
iqui iib utilit^cibus fubdiccrum : Dcus 
rioDODcIi c«pix froprix ahcujus uciLi- 
:is, omncmquqj^ioindc unlicaccm qu« 
liplo, c^tquerebusomnibuscricacis prp- 
fnircpotcft, vulcnabis, VndcquiD.cuai 
n.4C,cjurqucrccoprornaacToluttUci » eOi 
(ts yultgCQeii humano tocumbonum co« 
ipa commune i Scricc vexfa qui vulc bo- 
im> quod eflcoti humano gcnericom* 
uuc , & ad quo^juc ad finem commaDcm 
nncs cjus paicesfl|r4inaDCui ;, eoipro vulc 
cum , qui folus eft finis ea^hii))!^ f ebus 
catiscommunis. ^ 

Dcmuw , luilhiz icgalcs iattndetLt^^ 



r\t\ SuAfih XI. = 

bbnum eommttne atiarum minortim com* 
tfiunitAtam func divtirrai ff^ecie juzta di- 
vc^fitareitt fpectficaih ipfdtam-co(Amttni«^-. 
Utuml Qttiatttdocet PhttofclptiiH lib. ^^ 
BoIit.€ap.|.lc'4. Rtfpubl?c4E f cadem eft 
ratio de liltit comifturiitatibQS') diffideoc 
iflterft fpecie ea diTcrfitate fpectfica fiat« 
utti V<d'qtt6i^prorim6* ac iftim^ediati 6rdi^ 
Afttttttt; mtqiie bunefiQei» inteniiit intcfs^ 
dtnsboiiittni commttne cujttfqae cotniitti* ' 
nitatispropriitiii. VBdejttititialegalts mt- 
litis ergaexcrcitttm diffidet fpecic atjttftitta 
la^ti' ^eixatoris >t!tga foctetjitisflfimcrca* 
i^lM; Q^iii^ Hf^iSbii>m s, hie^^iiritia*^ 
fttmihSremVotiiifi Intendtintlti^^dieitQt 
propofrtidhairtetde aliis commttnitaribttS' 
diffidentibusinter fe fpecie» maxrm^ ver& 
dcii^/qujc funt inviceiti fttbordiBatx , i* 
dfbquc habenffincsinTicem fabordiBa*' 
t^sj-^bpa*^ compiiiatQt *Tribus ciim 
Gitrratc i' '& Ci viras cafh*RcgQo* Ncquc " 
vct6 hujufmodi fpccifica-tnuhipficiitiojtt-* 
(Viciariini legalium' cft.abfurda.aut coa*' 
muni hominum fenfu rcpugoans » iicct 
non fit commiiintcr ab anthoribus ani- 
n^a^dvcrfa V qoiacdtifbnit Philofopho » & . 
cffiea^ xitiotii dt psitttit; 



QJ M STIO XI l. 

m i»Jhth fankaUrfi diftrat JpicU i 
iittrk viriunifHtf 

iJetntnoodiffcrrei, Qinarcligi*in* 

buicDcojuafuuTn , nemp^ktnotciBt 
Ac tuUum ipA dcbitum, Neque hQnc 
orem » & caltumcihibcre Dco poteft^ 
accectn$ciiamomnibus£ub{laDciisra«' 
lahbtjsjurafiiaEnbuat. QuiaciimDc- 
vclitac przcipiac ur CQEteriiemnibus 
i fti^ cnbuAvcmi ad hoDorcm uriquc, 
ahum cjus fpcdtarj ucid itafiit, Netjuc 
nomitcipDtcflj cjuod Dcu5 pr^cipitj 
i^uccoDtcmpcu lcgis^iiviDXjidcfl ipfius 
Lindiftindluafuaicge. Ergovirtus tri- 
^nsruDicuiquejusiuum > idcd juftici<i 
cicularis cfi indiflindla a virtuce rcli^ 
nis. 

. Ad virturcm obcdientiapfpcAatcon- 
nicas oodra; voluntacis cum Yoluncact 
i. Quse conformitas dcbctur Deo jure' 
, & prarftari minimc potcft, quin c«tc- 
3ronibuspra:ftenturintafua;qu«vidc- 
:comnia pra?cipic Deus ut prxftentur. 
^oeodcm modo virtus juftiri«cftindi- 
>^aa vmuce obcdicmix^ CovAixsi^vox 



a4P flHAfiio XI. 

utrumqueargumencum, qaiacoetera> ^tiae 
contincncur io definicione judicisr parti- 
cnlArispracceijuris Tui UDicuiqueactriba- 
uontmezpreffam id uccoquc ccgaiDcui^9>. 
jidunieftfupra omnibus pro^fus irixcuti* 
bascfrecommunia. Nihil igicurfapereft» 
{crjq<im4;)ullLtMi pai:iicalari& iiSoa; fpc«' 
c;e'aKeligix>of| ^ bbcdicncja. 
*^ R.. Mdaifcfu.iapriiTiiseilciiilin^iie fp^- 
cifica i^flicia; parcicularis a-. finucib^S 
Theoiogjcis, QuiajaiUciaciibuicuDicui^i 
^ucjfaa^ yium reljpicieado canquam fubjcr 
d^,.fpyBatc.ias , poceftatii^uiii^aitciKiu^ 
/Qrn^^Jic^r ucxfiU^ , c^fiip^ciii nicdioiiucff 
^'a« cttrcm&.vicioiWj qcu>r^fn Mutruat 
copTcnic ^ircucilitts Theologicis uc coa- 
fi:^c ez di^is in primis quxit. ciica ipfas. 
Ipecaterisvircucibus oioralibtis pacec ea* 
d^bd^iftiu^io cuxn cz racione mododa^ai 
qpiaciulla iiiarum ^bct pro reotivo foi- 
maliittspoccilacivumaiceriusfupcriustc* 
tribucujufticixj& foiaipfaconfifticin b>c- 
4iorciu|diduefiquaeft. p. tumquiareii» 
quap virtutcs moraics verrancur circa pafCo-f 
fics taoqutm circamaccciam propria ip faru 
iuftatia vcri ctrcaoperacioncs, uc liqutc cx 
q.icciimquiaobligacioincumbeuscaecc- 
mvircutibusdiffcxt If ccic ab obligacioot 

urg;ea* 



atUDt auEcm rirtuies eiuffieai fpccirf 
qtiim habcre divcrfuni fpccre- 

1 fpeciiicam lu^lirif a fotticMrine > SC 
erAncit^a.liifqucTircuabui » ^ux dl- 
iira^fe. Ctrca Ttrrutcs aliai td ahc- 
i qaaedicun^iir partesp<rcffiati¥xii2^ 
■ » dicetidum c(l cam D. Th^^mt 
h 80 & aliiscomfnutiiccr j a1i^u3s«t 
tiffertci TirciirciullLci^ pcr dcfc^unt 
litaiis ; alus pcr defed^utm dcbiti fiin* 
Q ruteatceciui» Pcr dcfeflum huiuf- 
debiti dc6cifjnr ab Jidxquate coti-- 
Lcireiitiali itjCHttx, TCtiiCKaGgrantii- 
ndicatio caiufq*ie proprix au(fborica- 
mift.Uberalicas, amic!cia>cfFabilicas 
aeeiufmodi.£zquibusaIiqu«Tix,uU 
cfpiciuHC Mci«aem dcbici > cx parte 
\i, t\ix Tei6 refpicianc , racioneru 
ifandacam in folajuccommutiicerdi* 

honeflarc vircucis, hoc ciinonfua* 
I in iure aherius , feu ia amplicudiAC 
caiibercacis alienx led, in fola com- 
ant operis cum opcraocc fa€ba 
;£fcam,racioaem/Pcrdcfc^um tcr^ 
liracis deficiuaca racione / & con^ 

quiddicacivo adaeqaate iaClitix.' 
> , pietas , Sc M^j!k9i\ix mwvi^ 



Tftc&rreiigio/ Quia Deo fiunf Mflft f4 
ezhiberilioBpr»& culcusxqualisiDfii 

a^qutliutcm ciTcdt rattapt juflHic ( 
fectcrg^iaAoifcft^fcIigiD a. julUEiai Ir 
dtoi cELftm <ltffert obciicncia qujccft 
cics obfcrTAUtix , &: non ACicn^ic stqi: 
tatcmtti cumre» fcd ciitiformicteefn 
luuMtiiiafrrions cum voltiDEAc^ra^e 
|U, »cpraccilciscis. 

VcniivimaDifclliDr e^V, & ^uo.tUm 
dopiior, pnAj^ifc^UfcoDrpiciia dtfcrcf 
^uxftetieutc^ moUTo formdli harum 
tutum. Viicmcs cDLm dou didiuguu 
formalitcr p<r diiliD^ioocm ppera 
Dum j 8c cffedl;uum<|uo£fix(tanc, aui 
cuIianumcoa^irioEium , q\ix iitidcnii 
tatiiiuLbus t ii effcdlibuscooTeaiuiitj 
jper djTcrficAtcm Ipccidcaru motivo 
loimaltum» ucjamiccrum dttflum e( 
advectit D. ThQn^is» ubicumque alij^i 
irircuicm rfo^roicat» tlii& Niociva ;au 
focniali^fifWukRl vircu&ttflfi difFecuojC i 
Cerpecie. .Qti,i.a:n^#cjivui|i judicix, efl 
ycQpriec-AtiSj feulibera faciUcAS^^alceliu! 
4ioara^ili ^oouiiB ipfl^lh Moci vum v.er< 
ligiooi^eQhMeitttisJiooQns ^ c^lm 
bictexi:!ieUeoiCi« Kiikcpraiemiocnciai pei 



CBti^ tCt pi4;ccpi:um ) auccoaillsiimrupc* 

eainrL poftTin controTcrna vpcArt.^a Deu£ 
raEiooe Lur crcclle£>cjjB , tcpiKcmitieniijf 
kibeaijuspropnctautiltt^ntcaJc^dhoatfo 
icm ^caUumfui , pofljtqucpioiiidejuftii- 
UA bocuioisctga Deum ioipcrftte cl:]icaci^ 
£cf j acVu&ieUgio^irS : timtliteiquc p»(Iir 
caDUofciti, ftuDcuEratioQcfLiA:' iupcria*^ 
ritatisli dommiihabeat jiis {li^K^am pro-< 
prictatiia4obc4icQti«m aoftr&m; pofTiar* 
qucpraiQiieadas abcdicati^ pcr cnadcta 
j ufl:itiiA m fi (ni iitct im ptrij i , dc c|.ui buK ii- 
^cturiofta: dubitaiiunien naiairp^^p^jEcit 
f uiciprxetniQciitlarapcr omriiactcaca j ic 
ratio pnraipriocipii dirtiiiguaturformi- 
licei ^ iurc propciecacis,& libcia facultat« 
lerpcdahonoris&culcusiidcinqucdicitur 
proportiontlicer dc mocivo obedicnti^* 
PacccigH^x maaifeAc religioncai^ obe^ 
die.atiani^lcaf6rtiQrireli(]ua^vircutc$di* 
AiBg^ui fpeciea.juilitia parcicuWi. 

Ad f . didiagaicurailamptam » SLeligiQ 
nibuit Deo j us fuum aempe hoaoiem , ^ 
culc.ui]^ ipfi dcbicummyOYcncc formaiicer 
ejccncatia^ prsccmiacOktiftDci >ut,4>jrimi 
psiacipii CQa^deturaiTumpiim : mojea- 
tef9Fmalitfir)(ite aAinto. di:Yinf>: piM>priecAf9 
lis: ncgaiurairuviptiM^ ^iad^tou^t^^ 



t^4 ^tJtfih Jflt, 

^utrtttln. Eodcm «oiia diftiogtienciani '^ 

«{t » quQfl in 1. ^tcitnc dc Qbtdicatii, tt^ 

impo^ibiJicafc cxhi^eadi Dco kotiorcni 
1& cukum, aatobcdicntiaim tpfi drbiramt 
q^uiii c(i^rcn&omntbtiSj& fiaguhittibuAQ^ 
^ur omnia fua. jur^i ^L]accjm& piilli utltini 
fuuni jusncg^ri poetil:<|uia Gmul negcu* 
TurDcohnnorSe obcdiciuia^<f uir ipL di- 
tteticur. HociDquam Diliit piobic, Quti 
poceft aihiiofniuui ^ CQmTcrfocribui pro* 
ximo Ju$Luum per virtutcm jufticlo:, qulu 
ptopteiea exctceatur form tl i eer ui 1 us Aftui 
religtonts attt obedteiirif cr^a De*Jmt 
Kcmp cda£ \iix vircu^esfiiBt mocivi uni* 
Ytifatioiisy quam juCtitia , ideoqueuo^ 
«otirercuiicur falfcm muEa^ a^^u»lf cxet^ 
cicia hiijus 9c ilUram> i\/que i^iidick aj 
fliftiuAionem) 6c nc<e(litatcm^ittrf:iniin 
Tirtucutn. Hac cnim de ca^fii neccflSifil^ 
funtalia5tri^uccs> ultra ckatitfaceiriiiVad d« 
jpera ooQ MvLm confiiii f^£ti eciaiti' pra;« 
cepci obligancis fuW morcali ; tamecfi hu^ 
jufaio4i operaoi ^^miffio iit iDCoittpofG<^ 
bilis cura a^tiiaritaiisi ' > 

'i : Dohide weDfDf^kiiitat 41^6« «^i^ 
«^aliqus Yirvort- «om^oaiiffiojick^itiiti^ 



3i iif^nntiM }fijl* 14 J 

ftbatpcrailiim ti!is ^ittutispoffcinipc* 
rip Tcl e^cicitet ££ ictcrmiaaT^ ac pro- 
mdtTcl faltcm itiefficaciter, 6^ radctcr- 
EBat^, 3UC diipofitiTcillos i^m ; noa 
tttti tiecc(Taria$ pr^etei^a non eJTe aliii , 
Etaresad cbfdem a^tuf fi^cci^hrcr dcflU' 
tas^ $c rupcraaces formaJit«r, ac cipli- 
:ecft5ii£culratci» qnx utaicui^uegcne- 
a£luum fpcciaiiccr infuntt nc inaocercic 
Jo^tfiaa cradita^ua:il.jo, 

Q^MiriQ XllU 

'rnm vinus JHftitii. ft cUrior ^ perfti 
Hi»r quam reli^uA virtMes m9» 

T 1 © i T ▼ ii o6n clTc darior S: pcrfc- 
V £li«r. i.cxgcnercfuo. Quia vircutcSs 
qCrx Tcrfanrur eirca yonum propriunEi 
odcrafido palTidDcs funt potiores virtti- 
bus moralibus oidiB^cis ad aUtrum, 3c 
iiJB TcrfaDtur drca opcrationcm, ac bo- 
um tHorum> uc cotttctodic Buridanus* 
[ttnpe inccTitio boni proprii cfl magit 
:>nf«)rmis inclinacioni naturx uc cx-, 
ecientia conflat» nec oon ordini chari-^ 
itisyut di^um cft quaeft. 4|. de Tirr* 
rhcoh DiCtnm aucem cft (uptik vttit^*- 



rtionem boni alicni clfc proprittni ] 
•tia: $c p^rtium omnium ipfius, arqu 
Ijiquas vircutcs moralcs ver(ari circa 
kilones , . & inccn^crj^ bojium ^cuju 
propiiiim« vErgo forHCudo»'& ccmp( 
cia^ cum pmnibus fuis partibiis fubje^ 
58C potcftativisfunc pcrfcftioresj quai 
j&icia. cum fuis, 

.s.. Inccr yircuccs, qux foac ad alci 
;prxcminenc procul dubio religio>.& 
vJiencia mandarorum Dci« Qttia> u 
;£uic D.^Tbomas qttasfl;. 81. arc«6. 
luACAd finem jTorcittntttx bpniuccm c: 
4ine ad finem^idcojque quo func ftq 
quiora fini func meliora. Omncs ai: 
f^ Tircuccs morales verfancur circa mc 

I idooique- fuxkc adfiaem^ atque huic: 

propinquioresrcligio fc obcdientia n 
^corumDci» quam rcliqua; vircucc 
^lcccttm. Qttiavcrfanturcircaea»qua 
g^di^fjSc immediat^ Deum fpecialice 
ipiciunc. .£rgo religio' & obcdicBtij 
"f^ranc ptsfc^ione juftitiam fimul 
^ceris vircutibus moralibus» 

j.Incer vircutes, guaB verfancar < 

Jroximum exccdunc libccalius» .& ipk 
ccncia. Quia quod concincc.cocam 
rdiiMicm. alicujas in fe» lc filiquid j 



mi 



ftluSillo, Hoc auccm modo fc 
libciahus, 6c m^^aiitzatu iti^t^ 
ifticic Ergoamba; ruiir petfedttorct 
la» ^aEetEii&jor«qiit& quodlibcifiai* 
ir majus qualibcc addiiiotie. t^toba* 
liuor) de liberaljiaccj quia volutitai 
id alicul rupcrerogaDdi libcralitct 
tlice{rciiriil][er in fc voluntacemnoii 
idii ac cribueHdii quod fuum c)ur« 
t(l j 5^ adjungtt pt^Ecica voluncatcitt 
adi fieproprio. liicinpatet ^ forciQii 
igoificcuttai quia Kxc conipaiaru]} 
tibcralitate» iicur liberaliras cvm ^ii* 
f fiquidem hberalicas paiYoij o^iagni-* 
tia magnos fumptus fadr. 
, lntcr cardcm virtuttrSj miferfcordr* 
otior. Quia D, Thomas quxli. j0. ': 

. & 4. ponic mifcricordiam intci vir- ii^ 

i morales^qua; vcrfaiirur circa proxi« 
\, caDdemquc dicic poridimam tDcec ' ; 

rs vircuces, qu<e ordiaanrur ad proxi«^ r 

I. Pr«tcrca iuftiria ctiam lcgalis br--, | 

:ar ad proximum, quac ramTO indttbi* ^.% 

rpratfercuriufticiaeparciculari. n i 

. Ica nacura coroparatupci cft uc qul^^ '^ \\ 

nia|i8 ncceflaria Sc minus raralinc viHi [' || 

. Sit.aqua magis indfgemuss magiri j^ i \ 

abundamus f uam vino i U^t| c^xx^tik \>\ 



«4't J^ifih XIII. 

mc neceflarius, adeflque animalibas ^ 
4>aiaibus, &| remper^ eil vero mioas pe]> 
fefttts, qatm alii fenrus, Ce^e eft| im* 
pcifedlior viftt^ uc coQigicfic elc Philo» 
ibf^ho iaieio mecaph^(icae> &taineA Tiftfl 
id£t miQUS Deceflarius a3 Ticam » 4ee(h|a« 
jaulcisanimalibasycum pcr fe>tamperac« 
cidens. Ergo cciam mcer Tircutes ea eft 
minus pcrfcda» qnx eft magis oeceflarijii 
Jk scpa:^c^ ia ^uribtts. Eiufmodi aficca 
<ft iufticia cSpacaca cum liberalitate» ma* 
gnificeacia, & pluribas^iis. Qu^ft^ no* 
ccfficacem quidem,quia lufticiaomocsin» 
.iigfinc Sc Cemper. Sic enim q«i(^; tniliget 
xebus fuis, quasabf^; iufticia alioram erga 
l<,habcreooa poccft. $imilirer^iiii4is;«c 
jaccjSc cranquillicacet arque matuis ofii- 
ciis bea&Yolis proximorum , qua? tamen 
^abeie.oon pjoteft abfque fua crga aliot 
luftiua* Quoad f:equenriam Tcro i quit 
aufticia paceft ab oninibus erga oirac» 
iemperik ubique exeficeriabfqucliberali* 
«ace» tum fua cuiufquc^erj^a alios,tom a* 
liorum er^a fe. At libcraiicas haberi nom 
poceft ab(^ue iaftitia cum fua erga aliot» 
utliquec exjiauaae prsredeaci i com a1io« 
/lim CTfi^ fe i ^ia «a feclufa noa h^bebi». 
Mf quA iibjN^UK tti»^\^ ^ukwul^ 



§L crga paucos , ar<juc i^icnxti extrccn> 
Quii mtihis non fuppctU: ut*dc fmr libe^ 
[a^£: nitiltis tiogiu ftoopotcilt Difi pcr 
pratiig^Utatcm ic libcriiliM^ fkpctxcrcicd' 
«hauiit ciromatciiam fuam, t4«maf©r- 
liqri concrudirur dc mjgnificcncia. Er^p 
[tifHiiacftminiisperfcdamiimlcLi piciio» 
(k qaam ali^ Tirtuccs. 

tf . Ei vircus efl ptztlanrior cuiu& opuv 
tftdiificilius, Diflicilias autcm cil terdr 
biliai& ipfim quotftic vJtam con^tcmtic}- 
rtp cyucxl Cpc^.^c ad foicitudli>cm j quanx 
|ut fuum untcui^ucttibuctc, quodfpc^at 
id jufliiiam* Ergo fottitudo eft tiitus 
prxrtaiicior,quam juftitia« 

7. Quodad clatiratcm attinec & cclc- 
ftritatcm fnag.is plauilitur libcrali^ & forti 
qaam juflo, & qui fucre fortifHmi majo«> 
icmnomiBis cclcbtitarcm obtitiucrc fcmw 
pcr, quam qui juftiffimi, Ergo fortiiudo. 
Mc librralitas funrvirtiitcscIariorcSj ac ce- 
lcbriorcs, quam juflicia. ^ 

O Kl. Philofopkus in Koc libro $. fub fi^ 
^emcapitis fximi }r4LeUri[ftmst virtutum,. 
ait , videtur ejft MittA., (jp neque He^^ 
rw» nefue Lucifer ira ifi aimiraliHii, 



ajcQi : mamfeftum e^ fuod ipfr (loquituc l| 
dle j uliitia ) eB fr^cUrior inter omtHs vitr i 



tptnmorsUs^ PxobatPhilofophostaincz 
VHlgari pi:oTerbio ; InftittM tnjifi vittmiH^ 
^pwtinH ^mtujs : cum a uia praBditds j.afl[ir 
cix» noQ folum fibi) fcdaliis eft boiiiis> po» 
Ceftquc uti ;rirtate> fioB folum ia Qrdinci(ii 
iir> fed etiam in ocdine ad alios quocttm al» 
c^rum tantnm prcftMit aliat Tirtutcs : tam 
4|aia uci Tirtacc in otdine aialios cft difiV 
«Ulimnm j atqaemazimaTidctaJFcfieTic* 
ktit ad qaam ipcAati maxiauim fnpccaii^ 
4ifficultatem^ Verum aterqttc loqaitar dt 
)a/lfttia icgali, caquc compaiaucamlbUi 
irirtutibus moralibus> quae Tetfancur^ ciccA ^ 

Iroximos diredd» & immcdiati; atqac iii | 
[ujufqiodif comparationc ncmo cft> qoi 
clubitat de prascmincntia jufticiie» qaam 
. couTincit aperte ratio D.Tiiomx>nempc 
Ibonum communc intentnm a juftitia lc* 
gali prxcminerc bono pacticulaii i circn 
quod Tcrfantur aliae Tircutcs : ficut finii 
l^raEcminec mediis. . 

Jam quod ad juftitiam particularem y* 
Cinct, docct' iimilitcr t>. Thomas ibidcm- 
ptxccllerc inter ^M^ Tirtutcs moralcs. . 
Prim^cx partcfubjclln quia juftitiarcfi* 
j(!?(i«.r#lMUU« aUft. ^tc.<Vxiccuccs in ap* 









nSiiTUnx'2pp^iitu$ racipnalis , rell« 
tero ylrtaces appctiiu^ rehficiTi feii' 
oouin ttc ii^kttm dft quaeft. lo. Deinjd 
irceobjetft/^ala alic Tlrcttcestauliaa» 
olom q uaceaus fttiic bonum ip^us Tif» 
11 jufticia. aiicem oaaceDUS eft hoiv£m> . \, 

soefadiTa» eciarfreif e Au dioiam» at* L* V 

diffafSiraftii^JB lilios. Qopd eft excet- 
las ac diHiliofi> 0. Thom^ adhaererfc \^:'^ 

manicer ixikttsLiinaiJtk exCTaietaiiio V :; ;« 

itioDC feac^htxafei' ejus accipieocla^ '■{■ \ 

iecompai»tioDe iumfolisTirtutibos ,; J*. 

aliius^ quae Tcl kon iuarail.alceraal»- '« } * 
difcA^ & immediat^ dxdifiiinto^fAlv ^j . 

rlmURi» uc ad &bemcui« "^"f- ' 

)lcf>n^am autem primoeft juftitiaili 
icularcm effc ma|is confpicaam ma* 
i plaufibilcm cx Uia iiatura quam coc- 
> virtuces raoralcs j fi^c pcrfccfbiorcs 
fire minus pcrfc<Slac in fe intrinfcc^i 
iiMnnn-ȣi 'npmnri fampn iiiftitialt- 



SDU quatenus quxft, Ei.au. ^. pro/figftjlk jl 
£caodoczcefi«!rcligioQis aic cam prsflfi?- ^ 
jicreiBCetaliasYiicutct»i»ial€$&dc obe- 
«licBtia concludic q\i9^ 104« j^^* }. ejfe 

?»ocioiem i.otcf tirtntc^jnoralet : '& dk »!• 
irrisordiia quarft. x|. arc. 4. eam effe porifi* 
Bi#m ioreromnesYi vtfces ^fiai or^i nanr or 
ftdprozimum:q«a;ft.Tero58.arrVj2.^iint 
Juftitiam effe pratelariorom. Frjictaitns 
«nim €on{picnicaccm ^ planibiktatffi 
Sgnificac potius i|nam incriofccam jpes* 
{e^ionem,t ^d qiam reCemntux roce^p«* 1 
iatiTae aliarum Tirruuim» Idem clardcx* 1 
f uinitTnlliuideofficiis obiagic^cjiilfi* 
ti4 Ait enim m ftt^is virtum ^^iijmia I 
§ft mMximut\ ix fUM h§ni wi »omim£B* • 
tur. Qua? iDfa oominatio eft clarum ar« ' 
gumcntum uiaunc celcbriratis in|hacTir- 
lutc» uepote impcrcicore nomcn> ^uod 
foli omninm fimol virtucum cumalodc- / 
fcecur re ipfa. 

Probacur ratione. Qjia hc rupeKius dU 
ftnm eft aliae Tixtutes morajes coolTftant 
in medio inrec dno Titia^ auorum aLcerum 
«sccdic,^ alrcrum deficic a ratiooe mcdii. 
Ylndc fic> uc medium ipfum appaxeacdafe* 
i^ttorum, cum eomparacur ad excrennum 
«rcedcns ; appareac Ter& eicedens > cttn^ 
Wxip;iucoi;adcxucn^iaL&wL<ActL%« C^^r 



tt tttetlibcc viiioiuscaatufldit __ 
»fmncumaIcerD viriofo ^rcjue Tiidr 
'fi aErilibccproindcdi^cilcdi t^po^ 
ri«tLorum>ut takm, eiqucplanderi;* 
imrPhiJo/ojihus i^ Ech.cap, S* foriis 
t d tiniidu tn c ^m^ti ratur ^ Miiiti.x ^um 
Iscem, timfdHs tjfc mdetHr^ FMri ma^ 
tjftra n s , ^c . Li hemifs etiam , p ro dig u /, 

E^TOoi, coiieluiijc : ^uttjfroprtr t cj» 
^crumHtertj^mtdium fpfiim a fi £om'^ 
td Miterum* sttquc firx^m^ andMx fni^ 
Imidam > timidus ^sttenA s^udt^am *^r 

fir. incmtertsfirnihmi^d^. At iiUiitia: 
hiiem mcdia jiupv duo- cjtrtcm* yip- 
non timcn interdujo viciaj.LTtailcn* 
fl qusfft, i>. atquc ilco cr. Cjoinpau- 
i.& oppofiiioneciuii utialibct extre- 
idofojagnofci facile»,2xquc laud-ifi 
:> clim neutrum ex illis cxrrcmis op- 
ur altori , fcd. foLi viiius utrique. 
un di vero cuiu:k^ucio cxtrcmo vi^ 
poteft magii> quam poflic confundi 

cum timidb> aiicprodigus cum ilr 
li quandoquid.em iuflicia peiinde 
licur cott vicio iibi coDCrario> nc,c 
jfitotunjvicium, ficttc opponitujr M:* 
cxfrcnnum vicium^lccri.cxcrcmo vi^- 
axe; igicui iufium eirsdifcciiuhiiiQr 
.6 J. i^tjx%> 



^f4' §l»iifih ZJII.*. 

fem> qQam'praeditoi aliis Tircacibiiimorft? 
libus,ac piftindd magis coQfpicuamj ma^ 
gifquc plaufibilem euc. 

Acccdic alias Tircaces aoii cobfifttre m 
tndiTifibiit- ea parce objeAL. Cdntinnf 
cnim ali^m efle magis, aliiim miiiiis lu 
beralem «c forcem i & faerlem ad majo* 
y^s, Tcl minores donaciones j ad majoram» , 
«ut minaram pericalorum concempcami 
Mc ^c de aliis. Ac^ue ideo anun magit. 
accedere, std alcerucrura ex ezcrcmis n* 
lciofis, qaamalium. Underarfusconfsa-^ 
dicur iacile Tircaofus cam Ticiofo» cat. 
fuecic magis affihis , non folum ab aiccr« 
mtrocxcrcnid Ticiofo, fedeciam k Tircao^. 
fo, qui eft pircpinqaioc ad excremum tI- 
ciofum oppoficam« Ac jufticia confiftif 
in indiTifibili ex parce objefti» & idco 
«mnibus facilc f acec , maximequc cra^ 
Ipicua eft, 

Accedic rurfus plaufam le xftimacio« 
tacmaliarum Tircucum ciTeldeTinfbas cer- 
tis quibufdam opporcanicacibus, non a(^ 
ique adeo frequencer occurreuribas. For* 
ti# enim aeftimacur cemporebelli, 8c eon* 
tcmnicurcemporepacis. Similicerque li« 
beralis, & mifericors» cum prcmicj auc dc* 
palfa jam eft indigenria» fc fic dc aliii. 
iU^jttftioa in bjiifi 4; 4» i\^ omnibas 



pftSc ubLqiic eitopportuna ac i 

liliof cjus plaulus. 

xccditcicmiim a£tu£ eiTUm Yfnucum> 
^non runcadaherum fisepebfcrt. Qiirt 
eot i(i iptb virtuofQ) idco^ue patuin 
rrvadtur, B: fif*c ncc oljfcrvibites funt, 
iuftitia reftes haber ineriEabilcs fm* 
L oprraiionumi ^ omfliaaunn cas o-' 
rs, quorum prarcavct i sut rcfictc 11«'* 
leticum/ Q^od 2.A ^Lrcrimcn m 11011$ "- 
fpicuitacis valet plurimum. Tamet&" 
i hoc difcrimcD fit c?>mmune iuftiti* 
kcscrnis vntutibusordiniiis ad proxi^ 
A r fupcrcfl TAmcn aliud «apur, undc 
i ertaia prxfcratur, ut fir pTKcJarioT^ 
ti cnim juftina folttm rribuat unicui- 
quod fuum eft falccm pcr fc, ao dirc- 
nanam ex prozimo> cui id cribuira 
iarum a^ioncm, aliamvc ictributi©*^ 
I mcrctur, aut cxpc£Varepotcft praccisd 
latura fui operis. Acrcliquaetiitutes» 
I tribuant proximo , quod DoaduH)L 
ipfius, movcnc accipicntcm ad graci- 
incmacrcmuncrationcm. Quarecicp» 
Lim cattcrarum vinutum magis, quam • 
citiomiuftttTxobnoxium clt finiftr» 
lioni dc inicnttonc opcranirs curp^is - 
igr^cia^ autcz aliomociyQ soiaus W*'^ 
P6- ^%^%?- 



jpMus vinutisjpe&dercr Qpinioticdcr«da 
jntcDtiooe opcrantffi, & propria virtuiifii 
cuius a^us cxftcctvir, 

T^ccoUUt adadui jufticjae alltctrc ti- 
aQoicm pocfvftf & vindit>a: immiDcfitii ii- 
^^ufto iicut Cpti lucn allicit ad.4^u& alia^ 
suin vitcmum. No» tGqiuiTi hoc obilac, 
ipm quia jofiitii faepiffimd cxtrcet fuai 
adu» abfcfur ullo nmor« ci omifEooc» 
• ncl quM coidum urgct piarccptunij vd 
aliis dc cao^s, infia a.?tii3itet)<ii9 : tum 
q^nisi poena A: vindi^ta qtTstirui tz uda 
pa[tt> & x^ua, ic plciiinii^uc molto cn^A 
majori rollicitudinc vicator ab aitcr^j Cci- 
licct ab iujufto, Quod oou contingix ivk 
ivFribiirioiLC iadacTb^ii pcr af^tis ali^cuoi 
f itcutura. Quta ad cam propcodct utia* 
^uc pars, Qti^arc limo^niali ecRsporalis 
ii injuflitia oon cR xqualisrpci lucii cx 
-vircuct ad aJccru«i> dod oblijata.» fct pis 
alterius. Sabtiftic cigo ratio cxpcnfa ia 
iaY;orcm pudixiae, Forro q\ix difta. ruat 
dc claritace >a(liciae parcicularift compa- 
sata ctim viictttibus cxtcris prjtcci jufti* 
tiamlcgakm, yim Kabcnt candexn,fi noa 
lcmaiorcmrerpc^u iufticiae Itgalis cooa- 
BfUatx cam txtah viiiiuil»ttSrtc«4co«> 



15* pirfrilkwB fufiiti».* ifTf 

tibusad Ucuum cooiiuuuiiaLis^uf f^it^ 

Dicendum rurfu* cfi tkcutcsafll alreiam 
i4cll iuEUn^m J^e]uspattc^Cubic£tiva& ^ 
.pote^ai>vas,*ac^if]Cc:gule& i'uperaic per£e- 
.^i<)DC tcHj^uas vitcaieimttrjiJes exgcnerc 
£mo. Ifljm coudufLoiicmcviafuocAiaiflop- 
litas Phjl^fophi & D. Tlioma: favcntiom 
illi locisinitro tndlcaiiA«.nftc nOBXfttio&cp 
uuiufque ibidcm p;odu^Jf. 

Dicenduni tli tcrtio. neqtic ludiriaAi 
Xcgalcntincqnc iullit:iatn particularc prx- 
«niiocrcpcrfcCiioneomnib.usomnina vir^- 
tutibns ordinatis ad aheium Abfi^uc ulU 
profftjs ciccptioocj licet prsccmincat iu^ 
j;ca mcntcm 5: fcnium PhilofophL ^ D* 
Thomsc,. Prior pais convjncuur ckrc 
^Hoad virtuces religionis & obedienci:^ 
argumcaco propo/ico in fecunda raciooe 
dubicandi > qux)d cd D. Thomse in loco 
paalo ance cicaco circa religioncm. Gir- 
ca. mifcricoidiam (iisilicer prazfercndanu 
inflicia: pioducecur in refpoDfione ad 4.. 
fundamencum eiufdcm D. Thomac con- 
Tincons icidem efficacicer. H» igicuc 
tres vircqrcs eximcnrlsB Cunc vk gcnc,- 
zaii prxlacionc iufticiae fupei alias virtii- 
icsmorales.. 
. Quoad aUaam partcQi 4c mttPic Ww 



lefoplii 8c J3f, Thomr lieater» da A prrferr - f^ 
jufticiam aliis riitutibus, loquitur <icjtt* J 
fiitiacompaiata cum omnibu^ cuiufcaii- S 
^uc condtrionis Tirtotfbtts m0nlibas '«(!• } 
«m adalcerum » fed com tis taatiiiihv q aibtts^ 
1mtitii%^ hanaana conriaetor y Ir a^ plMl* 
«leis «rdinantiu-Circa ^ t|am rmiialiaifk* 
'jpriinis dubitatio cflTc poteft de P4lil<yfl^ 
^he i qui ridelicec comparationem fnfti* 
tait > can iis folum Tirttttibus > dcqaibot 
ipfeasit in iifdeffi illts libris .ethi^omni. 



'oh aacemagit dcreligione & obedicntia - 
'crgaDeam^ led detistantumqur oi^fc '■ 
liotatxfunt, neque inter cas comprchen* 
dit mifeclcerdiam nifi fdrmaliter cempaf* 
fiya ut diceturad 4 Jam D*Thomas ubique 
«bfecTat fcnfum Ariftotclicumjdamaliad > 
Ipecialicernonexprimic > fed ufurpatiota** 
tionem uniTcrfalcm, 

' Pr*ccrcafiingcnciali ca praslatione)o»^ 
ftitias DQQ rubiBcclIexifiec cxcepcionem rc- 
ligionis & obediencia: erga Deum,necnom ' 
teifericordias, noBpurccompafiiTar ; ma* 
vifcftiflimcfibiconcradixifrccfemel acqiic 
ircruih; & quideminunacademquepartc 
Thcologiz, eaque ab ipfo omnium dili- 
gfncifiime ac . pcrfedtifrtmc eUborata» 
(■aaDdoquidem in eadem ii.exprcfsdprx*' 
UXc/iuHitix cas ue$ Ticttuc» locis paolt» < 

^'^"' ' "^"" -W*:' 



cc mcmontis, Certum i^uur cft quod de 
;iitc Philofophi & D^ ThomataAcrtani 
r i &c cocicluiso , ^Mx di£ta efl ncrique^ 
aformis, cftomoinftTtra. 
KA I. Viriittcs ai altcrum i ra profptduat 
no litcrius ui ipfar ipfatumque a£tus 
Idc cciam pcrficuDt Tuum fubicftujm^ 
t4|uemagisuni ciufdem bonum. laccn- 
> autctn &acur£ £c or<io charicatis przfd- 
tirbotium cuiufqtic ^roprium ceniuti* 
im cum botiD alccriusiiii bono quoileft 
nicatum ad fuum lubic^umj dcc efl dif* 
fitum fuf. Ejufmoii tiatnquecfl boal- 
tomnis i viriufquc diTiiii. 
Adx.Concedirurtocum. EflcDiin de« 
onftracivaea racioD. Thomae. Sedjam 
acmonicum edin prxlacione generaliiu- 
icias non c«mprehcdi religionem &obe« 
enciam mandacorum Dei a Philofopho» 
. Thoma £ealiiscomrauniter> &^iiAobi$ 
:empcarfueruBcexprefsc, . 
Ad^. Libcralicas vcrfacur prim6 & pef 
iUcdocecD.Thbma-squxftiiy- arC' ^- 
rca paffionesmoderando propriam aife- 
ionemcirca poffcflionem & ufumpectf- 
iarum« Exconfequencivero. iiidudafa- 
licace quoad iftam moder&cionem> co- 
Ijuvat poftea cxteras omnes vircacescit- 






jp; peculli!! Qiiiaicaj»f<]ue illaniin it 
Yo> cliciendos tanquam. remo^vens pr 
I BcDS. Pcrfcdio attccm ciijur<)u& vin 

.jcnlacttxpenes id,q,m)(icoiiv«oit illi 
in6 & perfc» Sc praELcisi lacioafr fui w 
T.i. QoaieeaxiemdeGaura poftpooicu 
i)eralicas iufticia&^qiia poftpoficas.run 
jem fupra uniTerfaiiccr vittmes^quae 
fskQtxu ctrca pafUoncSk. 

H]am concinencii.iuftreiac inlibezal 
Bpa ycrificacur. formalicer. quoad p* 
,jltionem'qii2 convcnic iuftici» ex fuo 
^YO. Quia hocnon concinecur in m 
To Ubecaiitacis» uc natuic yerificacur 
defoUcantineniia^tn generc caufae di 
'ficiyai tantum, qiiatcaiis iibcralicas 
, , difponitanimam adiufticiam ut inii 

t non poilic efTe liberalis circa caodem 

l fQoam» 8c circa idem genus rci ; libe 

|| ▼ei6poniccfrc faciliusiuftus. Simili 

I doacrationc&cgacsrcontincQtia iuft 

;S & libcralicatisin magnificencia« 

!| ' Ad 4* Mifericordia nfurp.acur dup 
■I;C ter. Primnm pro af&^u compa/Tivjo 

'*§ nroiimu.fubvenicnte eidern ex com 

' uone. Arquchoc modoieftinfeiiorv! 

X£ iufticia:. ob eaJidem. racioDcm qua 
^^^ praffcrtur aliis yircucibus circa pailic 
'f SccLinda ttfuxpacttx Qiiieci^ocdia ^ro 




tatio0ilts patlcutii» i&digns: & impcdtcnr 
t£ quAf3t.uf» pciceft, {|uomJnustA pariacur. 
Quod jDotiyijm & optis paiec ciTc lotig^ 
BoFilitrs inoHVD & opere inflitia:. Qiria 
^jgait^s hiimaiix natyr^ (juse pcrttncut ad 
citjs fubAannam p ri^poadcrat ItiCjonipaf ^ 
labiliEcr iuii Komiefis, qtiod <A iccideas 
ipti itiK^tcFts. lladc apparct opui eperi 
fifniUtci pixcnptncrc } liihcrn rorinaljtcr. 
Kotat pono CiitcaDUs io hunc art. ii# 
%ux{t. fS. piiori & noo poftctiou modo. 
i&ifcii cosd j ao) coni m utj i cct a cc i pt , I deo « 

Jue tioii fubtiirelligi qAioad ^ofWiiorcim 
gfttHcatioBemj^JtimtiQU ^t pcculiiris li; 
eiprcffa meiicio iplias, 

Ad 5, Conccditur ia codesn rcrnin ge- 
aerc prxeminere petfci^ioDe qaae funt mir^ 
Bus necefraria iis qua? magis neceffaria 
fuat. Scd ncgarur iufliri;im ofle magis 
ncccfrariamquam libcralicaccm fumptam 
in co fcDfu^Jecundu qucm didtumcftipfi 
praremiDerciuftitiam. Conilat fiquidcai 
cx flo<5Vrina tradiu circ^ tcrtium , iufti- 
damexerceri non poflcal^iniberair fecua- 
^jum eam Ijberalitatis (ignificationcm., 
acproiodeefteafpccics libcralitatismagis 
accciraria quam iuftitia, qnandoquidem 
9xctSaih cA ;rd jpfam iufl^iuamj twm^ 



\n SUApio Xlll. 

'^ hz€ ad illam non fic iimilicer Beceflf 

Eadcm cft rario dc cagccris vircucibus , 

func ad fc, &: vcrfancur circa pafHones. 

giscnim neccfTarium unicuiquecftclT 

.; 11« ordinacum in fe, & ad fe ^uam refp 

aliorum ; (leque ha?c fccuada boiia ord 

tio habcri poceft ab iBordinaco refp 

fui. Difcurfusigicurobjcdtionisyalci 

ciusadconfirmandam doftrinam (upt 

I ." ; tradicams aique objedlio ucicur alia 1 

^ '.'... kalicacisfigBiiicacionc»qu£ noneftaii 

I ;.:. InHqucrczdacacjusexpoficiene^ 

\ Ad6.D. Thomasqucft»i7»fincqi 

ii ^ h Ii3sarc*i2.a4 2. acque in prcfenciar 

1 |V xefpondet •pcira^yircuccsnonxftima 

'] ' magnicudinedifficulcaris fccundumf 

i ' cx magBicudine caufe 8c mociv i> ob c 

ca fupcracur:arque in vircucibus alc< 

mocivumeftpraEftanriuspcrfc, &pra 

l^i cxracioBcformalicuiufquevircucisi^ 

.i| iBforcicudinc&aliisquacfunccircaps 

i: ncs. Dcindc teca collcdio aduum iu{ 
f- ^aj:iC..ii: 1: ^. 



Di f trftBhn i / i»jf fVi j^ 1 i | 

^i AJ ^Xibcrali & fotci pbudicurplerum- 
J «nepUufiJgratificaDrcj £c obfcqutatefiro* 
pcer aceeptum beDcSciutn i tiberali auc 
forti? Tel prDptet poteflatcni 3ici|uiGtiai 
foici i Ttl «flimatiftnc foliuflphyticae bottje 
conHijLUtioQts : nod Tcti laudcmagnifict- 
t»cc& tnoralL Cujusfigaumcftp qti&dfx- 
j» fimilitet plauditur nUDifefl^prodigo» 
*&ecQt3u aadici>ac per ccmcritaccm Ti£ko« 
iij idcumfercmo^ttm , «l^o plaatiicura* 
gioubert » &equoTiuceDti iufUtfuj aaC 
prarlio" Flaufus autem iudc opcraatisplc- 
lum^ue fequltur opiQioucm honeftatis^Se: 
cflUufimagnifaiflitAjCum commcudacio- 
»^ver;e vJrcucis ob ratioucsfupradataSiat« 

JiueKoc feafa attribucuscit )u(iiciae fliH^ 
gsfrxcipuus fc cajifpicuiia5 0iajoi| 

QJ-S STI O XIV, 

ytritm m]ufiitUfit vhium^UMUi 

Vldetur 0011 efTe.i. Quia hbmki^iu, Je^' 
cra4lio,adukerium,furtum,perfooarii 
acceptio>ufara, lc fimiliasuradbioncs 
oppoiic^jttri alicno proprietatis» jttquea- 
dc6 illis omftibus conytnitratiojuilicia; 
propric calis %c tamc videcur illa omnia fub 
ua.o.Yitio fpecialicoiiciaca miuimi $oC^« 



^^ f^dflh XIY. 

tum c^niz iiCRdctn TaldeiAccF.fe jttun qjDi» ^ 
. coatiD^itfacilein ad furaodum efic dimcf* ^ 
tttntihomisidi^^Sc fijc de aliif)i.' ( 

! 1. Philbfophtts in prxfciicieip. t« 4;'cy> 
•pcraoces contta. iura alioraiii ez pailiMt 
&c^<|Qidcm.injuiiam,iioo tafneii oflesii 



faddSi BSint aurem i«iufti fi. tuiKiit^^^ 
Ipe/ialis edTec habicus iajuft&cis» Quae {i 
acquirerctutq^uibaff is a^ibns i»)aftu«: |c 
confticaeret iaiuftos finiplicicex rcttu^ 
iFCifaliter^ in^mnigencre.. 

|.D.Thon^asinpraefeotiq|a»ft«5f.a,K 
td ]^ conftituir koc difeumcn inteciiiMAi* 
jfcranciAm k. iijufticiam , qtmdi.£.'<|iiisfit* 
ciac aliq.uid ulna mediocciracem in mtfce- 
xiaroc^cmperanu^^.pcraccidens & prjECCC. 
Sflcentionem racioire igttosaAtije inTinci- 
btiis; non propterea ucit inccmperacumt. 
aac formisilicer, ajiic etiammatenaliter: £a- 
cicTci&injttftum macerialicer qaLfimili 
yroffus modi» cranfgreditnr medium iufti* 
txx. Cui difcnmiai nullus efTet locas»ji 
dbretur habitus fpedalisiniuftitia; > £cut 
daruriiahitusfpecialisinremperantia;* 

R.Sicuciuftum icaetiam iniuftum fa# 

miturquandoqaeIace&gencratitcr«qaaa- 

iloqae ftrid!ie & particulaciter. rnittftum 

lir^&genersliter eftomne oppofitum. Te^ 

gij^ A (Siflkamiiii luioaVs^N ud^ ^mx^^^&^tc- 



Bf e$K ctp fti mfnftitri^ . i^ 

cstniufti, & cimncj^cccjtnmininili- 
LtqiiciDiqiiirasdicuarruma rhiloro^ 
niao hiijusbbrj> tum maxiiTi<5iii fa^i- 
iteris Ftcqucaccti Jniuftitia hoc «lodo 
»Ei non cfl patticulirc TitioETi] fcdl 
gcncrica omniyitio communis, Iq* 
iro ah^i tc parcicabiiicr ti\ quod 
(AKutinri alicno propnciatis tanqul^ 
limcius, Bc tiaafr^rcdicns hmitcsab 
ffixos» Vndc iDiuftitii particularfs 
.liovcJ otnini» Cuncfjirta-Dhtigsitioat 
iixincodcmattcriusiurc. 
ftiii^ifta particularis cA viriam fpc^' 
CtcoiifcDfn oninium cum D- Tluj- 
rr. illo i.proximccitatd.Qttiaubicft 
rrialpccialis oppofita fpcciali matc- 
fpcciaHsvirturiSjCoipfodaturvitiuin 
iale oppoficuiQ taii tircuci fpcciali: 
npauccm Cpccialis virtu&inrcodcnsin* 
nitaicmiansaticni , tanquam matcri- 
"pccialcm,vcl liqucccx didVisaqoacft, 
go dacur vicium (pccialcintcndcn«l^- 
5iuris «licnipropriccaris; ideftdacuc 
cus fpecialis vitiofns iBclinan^ indi* 
ninatimquantumcftex fcadomn^o* 
iTsiuftum. 

crumobferTare dportec aliadeflepec- 
(nontra iufticiam ;aliiidpeccare cx ha« 
iniuliicix, fiui ahau«a| ]^Q\t%« 



nt quis peccet furando concra )iiftic!attl> ' 
(quiatalisa^asptocedacexliibitiii|ijttfti* ^ 
cic, Poceft eaiini)ui^fiirariet (blonottV^ ^ 

ilorix vaac, concapifccochTi cilnioritf aac 
milibus, Ettuncpeccabic i|Qi4ciBCOACtt 
iufticiam» quatcnus nocebic juri .«lceriiiai 
jnoatamcn pcccabicex kabicv iojofticiaB» 
quatcnas non moTebitur mocito cjuf pfo* 
piio,&parcicttlari. C.ujaf indiciam dH 
quod poft ejufmodi adus fcpd rcpcricos 
Bonpropcerea dabicorin funintc&ciiicaat 
& inciiaatio ad furaadam qoando jam 
omplius non aderuot motir^elorias Yana» 
coocupjfcentiae^e. propeer defc^lum co* 
gairioni$a(SlualiterinarcprxfeatanrisiTel 
quia tametfi ad^ualiter adfiat in cognitio* 
tie > non poilent nihilominus vi fumcienci 
'«dreddenduin facild furtum propcerTirca- 
tes conttatias humiiitacis ) cemperancix» 
fnaniuetudinis ^c» pcfttea acqaifitas $c 
ouferentes facilicatem ad profecationenk 
corum motiToruln > atque adc6adfuran« 
(dumiifdcm mottvis. At fiquis fasp^ fuic^ 
turexmotivoinxquaiitatinnterdamnuill 
-^ iucrum: hoc eft propter ampliandos 
ferminospropriae libcftatis & reuringea* 
dpsaltenosiatquc ex amore praBcmincii* 
iist, fuoadhpc» fupjaalioa^ tcauirccco 



idum 1 tamech dcfmc cxtcra omDia 
LYtmodQ corDcmGiatai aluqticfifni- 
ppo£c4 forn)aUccc& dirc^t motivii 
amthiuitm. 

itct igituc injudicitm pirticuUrcm 
>fi[amfoisnalitc[ &iii£c^c parcicuUti 
tix effc Yitjum Ipecialc dilliBdticii 
icabomaibits aliisviciiv. Potc^tver^ 
Idcfinin hAbtcusiQccattTusiD^quali^^ 
iaccc dimnum 8c 1 u ccum,' li v c im p Hi^ 
s ptoptiz iibcECatis & rcl^n^i V us alie- 
lUta & cicra tcrm inos lcgicimos utri ufv 
JiTcprorcciitivospcaccmiQCBtije fupra 
i quo ad tcrmtnas Ubcra? faculratis« 
iicacur: iDJuiliciaparticulariscnrcoA* 
s& pcrpccua Toiuntas jus fuum uni* 
[uc ncgandi ^ idquceoproportionali« 
rnfuquodii^umcft oppoficum quz{V« 
rca habicum iufticiac particularis. Eft 
ti dc ucroquehabicu eadem prop«itio« 
sracio i ucpotcinvicem concrario* 
di. Siaibiones illz fianc cx motiTC» 
explicaco iaacqualitacis> &prsemt« 
tix» omncspcrtincbuncad fpecialeai 
LCumTitiofuminiufticias^ucadprinci- 
npropriumipfarum : (inmrinusperti^. 
uncaddiTcrfosalios kabicus jttxr^di* 
i tatcm.mociToruici. Veram hic fecu&<«^ 
modu$opcsiMi{ctt giu Ut s\\uiti^^^ 



i(\xrtMt propccrptjcdvfnioiiim incUiit^li 
cic^siis paflioauai eiHlins dc H£!to m ho* V 
miniliasrttpniinclitTaiioficai prftvam ap- i 
pctittit piltc rarionilii, Prc» tains rci ia* J 
celli^encia tccolciiit cft dv^rrloa qu, 19. 1 
Qttod «urein e^eii it j ux pl uri m u m a p [»re- ^ 
liendicdtTatil^eat u&icum. tltide prciT&>4< 
0if,acdifficiIe tppareat Dga con^daiadJ' 
busiBcimenacuras letuxii ra oHinii pc^| 
cara poffealiqQO modDpeniueie ad uoiv^ 
cUm habicum* 

Ad^. ScnrttS^PhilofopKi eflrifdarniibt^ 
txpaffioAcefretinpatibile dimcum iljW ; 
fum aliis CMrra ipforum iiira, eocuin«ji|l . 
«peracioMibits'eonTe4ii% mtjiA bisiliniiit 
Iniudfdx s fed non pta prerca eos ac^nl* 
^erchabicum fpecialem iDiiHluiSiTllcll*' 
ius finc facfles ad 'fimilcs fijperatiooes in- 
xuftai c^lTancibttS ctiam panionibtil, $C 
mociYisaliorumvitjorum* QmrfafuscA 
prociildubio legtcimus, idcmquc c(i clft^ 
yiflimttscxdidis. It;rquc omoi opcrtuti»* 
quod iaiuilum eft, iticfl cadcm privatm^ 
botftcatis iufticic fub qaoYis motiTO j |fc 
xmpucacur srqttaHccr pcccaitfm iaiuftitic t 
non camen ineft cadcm bonic» pbyfics 
aAtts, &: habitus indc orti^ nec eadcm £a« 
cilitas ic inclinatio ad op^iitroiics initt- 
fiMsjfxo ofltftjLCYcsmimtt^itat ff cde 



rttBiiiquQaiciicicixtm mitcritltm i- 
Sjat!ij;kdccc0 itircj3tioPhil[>rophJ, 
kd I* Iq cft cotxip^rAeiotic D.Tkomtt 
irj^aricts^uoad duo^ dirparicas quo- 
ha^iiio. Pariras cfl piimamciuo4 uc« 
maliEift iQcemptraDtiat ue^ucmaliti^ 
tflirias cfl rnputabilisad culpamopc* 
:i ii&ed cafu. Qu^ia cagQiiiol£ adTcr- 
:ia fttflualii malitt^c ohjc^itXi cll ra* 
ic cailfa iirpiita[ioni£ itt omni m^fc* 
paruc licindc paricas quoad Koc ut 
rra opciatio pf occdac ah habita vcl in^ 
Iperaeiciz vcl ipjuftitid;, st Uquct fv, 
tis a fortioii. 

^ifparicas cft i^ quod mediam fcmpc^ 
cix cftmediumracionrSymcdium YCC^ 
:itrK cft medium reiucdid^umefla. 9^ 
oqs^^BEiagis dici poceft dari idjuftuat 
im inrempccacum in cafu ignoraflcias 
inadrcrccntix. Alcera difpaiicas cft 
ia incemperacumf utpocc percinens prjT* 
e ad opcrancem ez nacura fua » reguU* 
: folum per cognicionem operanttf» ia* 
lum Ter6 regulacur eciam pcrt ationeis 
eciut 9 ucpoc^ percinens cciam ad alcc» 
in prxcer operancem. Qnar^ «x bo# 
ccerea capicc adeft fuAcieni fun^t* 
Bncnm diCciimhiitconilicuci i D.Tfae«^ 



.abcvnfarpacae» acque hocfaadameMiflf | 
,fuflEicientcr jttdicaric ib)demSaodusDo« j 
..^bory/iicc aiittd iBceiidic Cai«capus in ex* 
Mficiose cjtts loPci»Hcefr#eB •pcpoBauai» 
Jie6elare. ^tcaii^ttcrc&liahcac^^aiiiUiii* 
..atrcft'«dmorct-«'~ 

QY*ST10 XVt 

^nmn^fMnsyi^ v0kHsfpffiij0imm, 

^ TiM sp T« pofle pati*. u Qjiiaift eo«i* 

.^Y tradtt ufurario fc .finofoitiato *iia4i 

\- : ptecium pro m.utu0 liitfa (ortcm^^Jc 

,;ilt«s qualecumque pretium -pro fc Xacqi 

/jpctitthcuT iDjunam ab acctpteare ulc^re- 

'tium* /Cuios maaifcftum indiciufla eftf 

rj^Ubd accipieatteuecutad reaitutib&eeil-i 

;WcK£fftls (|uidemibicafiMsucui, cociui au« 

■ t«4i frecitiit cafu fimouix. >Idque Terum 

*Wft|amecfi*pteciumilacum fueticafcie»^ 

-4biak(meqtte ▼^e«ce:ab^ue ulla ftfotfut 

^rcoi^i^ns cz ptoroci acemaocitr pfferinm. 

'Q^bd fciiicctroiilaeuinxlacpm^rabolciBro 

^^dtit pt«(^(^,urfiB!libtfarec:abtnveGegm' 

* ''iitudilitW uei: dUcbdccee^ra¥acut«b beoe- 

"^ 'itcittii Abi^coHaeomcgnituiiab, JCqmuido 

' MilU U tt eiMgihCTfci ifliittmi%uame»^ 



r 



2>f ftt/tfi$AAi#» vdiHtis. t7j|, 

tccipUndi, fcit loU voluptis, & apptticiti 
fnii fjpoiitaBeui c«ncapircttiu£, 

x.MaritorpooceachbetitercaaicQtiftt-^ 
ti in ida^ceduoi ^iioris» inferc uihilcimri- 
Bus injuuamadahetatcjarquc a^io cdii^ 
tiahic rftUoiitm formalcm £c milimM 
fpccialcsi adttlrcnij aieoque^c iDjuftinz« 
Etdem cft rano de toIcqcc occidi abfqac 
jufta caufit feit AuHa eiiflciice ciufapfx- 
fCETotuBtatem, qui dcfidem bccidt> aec 
noB dc voUatc ac peceate tBfimittoticn& 
fui.ptjefeniin ti racioAcofficii £c petfoaa 
puVlica, latiiftenim & fimilibu^cafibaB 
dlarui: reta ratio iDJuflicijc nihil obflincf! 
{cicDtia 3c voluotaccpaiicDtis, Quodaa^ 
£tores commuDitcr ruppoauatucce£rum« 
Ncc m^gis dub|taturSaccrdofcmpaciia* 
jariim, ?}a^tcccuri judicc Laico. cimci^ 
Tclit ab co judicari fc cedcrc jurifao^uo* 
»d fottim EcclcSiflicam. Idem «ppircf 
cx ixrcgularicatc pcrcucietiti.s $acer4ocem 
:folcocem percuti puniciTa iajuriat tilini- 
J^ilominus illatx. I^oceft igicut ii|}|iii^ai 
jpatifcicDS&Tdlcns» 

. /JH. Unanimis &cerca oinnium reni;^*'' 
lUcft cum D.Tkoaiiii^at|u.5;9.arr..|« 
icicntem ic ToUattm Aon p«»(re pati io« 
- j4uiam^itip e]£m D. ThQimxcft>.quia 
>&^i^%^ ^^^^ potius ttVI2!^%^i^ 



«t patiftts» in co q.u<i4l fibi cooiJngit on^ 

propri«Toiuntacc«.Nam ^uodfibi contin* 

^|;lx~ GX pfoptia Tolu|iCate>^habet ez fe ipfib 

i\u6i tutcin patitui"^h^1>cc ex ili^.^Ktf^w 

> jbac igitur ttC-iniiairiAm qnit f^rittiirt#| 

lei|is. Nempe quateiuir illaiapatcrecur; ilk; 

Jttia tifct t prineipio extrinleco» tfftiM^ 

t;cin ilb incxii)iTecoj'qii!atcn&&caB*dcm tII* 

let s 4j4cft eflcc cx ie ipfo, qum (uac concft* 

i^idofia. Qua de ca'ttft dizic Pfcilofopoi t. 

j^hyf. tcx, 4c. i^oii poiTc idcm (ccoaAuii 

idcm cflc tgcos ^ paticas. '- 

Coofixmacur.quit ocmo potcft &cccf 

Sojuriam.per fc:& formtlitcr nfii Toleiis; 

Xrgo oequcpati caiidcm formilicef potcft 

irofcns. Faccc.confcQQeociai quiaficoroe» 

^ult quifqutm cQofcicui moraliccr agcBi^ | 

4tfi pcr.TOlunratcm riia ooD^potcft cov ] 

lliciii mor:iUtcr pati^ns oiii coj^trt.Tolixft» 

tttem. Coniirmaturturfus^qQia Biilltim!» 

furia.ficri fQrmaliter poreft > niiipecctB* 

^o cootra legcm faTCJiccm.ttqoc bcodlr 

icam tefpefta cjusi cui itifcrtur iii)urit vt 

fuprt didum cft quarft. 3. & (irpe deift» 

^cps. Cum turcm ftTor & 'beBCfictiim 

fioti confcrtntur itTito» idcodi BQlltloi 

poilit riTc faTorabilis ic benCncit ffcfpe» 

Wtu QolcBtis faTorcm ic bcBcfictufB.i te» 

Jflio f oiicio ttftUi^ A»>Vami&ft ^iiUliMitU 



2?i miamM f^m v^trtiii. tjf 

ttafafozisdc bfncScitcofitmiij et ift- 
luriatn &c»n f^^' ^^^^ rolh^m «^ co qtii 
cam pantnri fcd co^ if fo ilcellc iftiQDi ra* 

enU jut c^n/Iicukui tiimnrccf pcr Yoh-' 
tiQficKvejtts cui iffum iocflutdif^ufnefk 
q,.i. £rg« ea ipio i{uod gui^ v^tHra^iti- 
jieai matcriaUici c«Rtrtntm jQii ftiOtCC- 
^c d(i«m jurif aec ful^fiftir amplius lalcf 
j«s. (iljiHfena dcrifioBra^ioni£inju[i<»* 
& tit comf •nai [£ cum jnrc alcctiuf 1« 
connMrium» nti le peccari tMjuiicisc jk^* 
teAaiivtrrus jus. ^tioi jaHieTtiHii^ 

Posiiur^l» < calo» cUiiai vis inaient 
confittnaci^nuai fldTercrnde jut a(»ii gtft* 
v^af^fubje^um cui iucft^ fc4 cjt ceroi ia fj*^ 
^taEcm ip&as, nt candac c% drtmitiotit y^^ 
fi$riipctleisdaca, Svatitcfn^poficr^uispaii 
^iiruriiitnrolcns-j pcfia pboc ins aliqnoi 
rne griTofarn rrfpe^u hi^enEit ipfam,- 
Qma racionc iuris ipfi coQfcfilrec, uccr- 
teri flon folum pb^enc. fed cciam ^tbe- 
f Coc concradiccct ▼oluniati eiut circa reot 
faam i cerc^ fioo ctncrcacuc oec poiTcnc 
iili c^aformari. Quia non p olTfinc it^Ftixc 
iniuriaj fcdtcncBturaVcaabftlnere. Q^rd 
aucem c(l gravamco> (i cile non.ed quod' 
impcdic implctioncm propri* foluoia- 
M, at-qiic cxtcios cooftnogU ad cot^xIx 



iice&dttm eidtm ? Qaid i|ue'd nrle fiertf 
JHS foflie effe teftci^iYttm pr#^ri«'fimul». 
ae alicaaB liberu|ttinped^9do itlttidi- 
Mm iaiiicis ab altero» lc cintcilfvm fii^ . 
pdamift iftittria ; id-cft' it oeSfeiittm ali(> 
'littsl qtt«d eft «<iBrra qttidditactia'}j0Ai 
4lt c^nua omiicln fttpcri^rcm dcr&xlkd!i 
circaillttd^ \'*'' 

Drclaratttt U vrgefttr ulccrins cjccnipl^i»'. 
Qttia cmptor> qoi fcieiis lc Tolent iat.ftfr* 
merct precium maritts qttam dcbifat^ ind^ 
lam ttc cftfii conFcflo apiil oiiiBctV^lSi^ 
iBiuriam i TCttdirorc acdpi^dntc cciniiir> 
' fSiod fibi datiiri tamccfi faciat jnamBlitcc . 
iaiuftttm ttt patct. Id ^ttod Bulla ftUa dc 
ctttfa fttbfiftere pbtcft; nii quia a6l;fv tfia* 
fcrialiter ipittfta amictit ratioiitiii YordiB» 
l^m iBitiria? ob fcicBtiam <e tolAWlUek. 
patieotis fctt quafi patientis. iBrfo tcpt- 
nat adlioncm aliquam eifc fbrBsaiiicr 1b* 
luriofam rcfpc^^B rolentit ipfam. ' 

Accedit rem hanc CatfoBica lc CiTiIi' 
'Cinftionc rcddi* indttbicabilcm qliia %t^. 
'ay^dcreg.ittr. ib i. ftatuiittri fiv^i/rffBi^ 
CJ* ednfinttmti n$nj!t infHrt0yBL 1. izy.M. 
Bodem titttlo dcciditttr mmimm frsmdMr^i 
^t, ffiifeinnt ^ i^nfantiunt rcpttgBat tii* 
fcm^ ut iniuriamiB(tuv%![iciu^<^ttic«m 
MOA £ui%iMX. fa«^ iui.w * ^ !^ 



r^ AS I, Sc 1 dicitur itulltim earusa qi^ 
tfrtoViqaeadducaataTin rxcmpluoa, vtlk - 

dum quid vQlaoixrc foim^ljter f erri&en^ 
te ad ratiokcm iuri«. Qiiod taxitn , iic 
percipiatui cUi^f ^ fuUdc flatbiliarur o- 
biterqtieiiruaAtur bQA&iiMjc ^lianim ro 
fpoafioncs miniiS]cioncjei3urtimisdufa« 
#pUKtAit0^n0a ^ticft. f«<iuenti3, 

Tt 

QV JE S T I O XYi; 

Pirum fMs po0tt firmAlittr MMt t&Si ^#r «#B 
fitriMmt JH*t l^di stft^ infMTiMl 

^T I D B T V n ntrumqifc ficri fott. t2 
y Qixiz habcDtl ius ad rcoor potcft, iiii« 
pediri,ac Dcgariiusiiarepcra^ioseai 
itffanam ut infra diectur, &^ cft ccrtttOi 
apud omncs. Erro poceft aufcrrivfeo; BC^, 
jari iusatioquod per tBiuriam. * 

1. Jtis cft rcflexiTum,aut qiiaftffciexi^' 
Tamlupra fcipfum. Eodcm nam^^^iii^ 
re/qao quis balict rem quamlilsct »]^«iii 
VT iuam, kabet ctiam ■eceflari^ ipfiilft 
ju$> ut fuum. Alias occeflc eCet dari^pro-^ 
cciTam iusium 1« iB^aitiim% iit?ali^«a4 



i7# §sA{ibxrti 

Ns ficrce fiittm aiicutttf • Stcaftrf^aAiiK 
MfcrensrcsAliasiiftiA^ai rciliccr i im^ 
^ux fafttccrmiMS inrisfoccft cCc inimfli 
l^ropfofidMcmcitm tmc^cifct iUMtJtt 
«icm potcllcfic iniiift«4iAio ««fcraiciis 
fcr opfiofirieocfft cnm codsoi ilu»»^|)MA 
oafccf «r I idcft cuoi iucc iiui§io4iftMiifti 
Acliccr ab ipfo, 

!• Habcfls alianod iasjibMatjam^ft 

illimiiatam qnoai ccmpHStcotipfo kabcc 

itts ad coofcTTationcm pcrpccoam foi in* 

cis. Ergofi!illitoiariB»fiimpciliacarMo* 

lcrratio calts iacis » impciiri s aaccm mo : 

>potloft confccTatio ianc»iilfirf cf «hbKJoi» 

aicmiffias, Iigo.abIatio.iuris.poccftcfib 

Joiariofa* Confirmofar quta nnoff «ii4|i 

^ iub^f h^ai Mn(crTationem fuit aliac noa 

-oHcc iniofta ^bominis. G am «atem qaic . 

occidituf dcficioiKomnia ctas iora,.xdco* 

^ac ablacto TitSB cft ablatio omniufli.ii^ 

ciam conTcntciMiium illi qui occidicac« 

llndc fi quisnonbabcref ius ad conferra- 

-fioMm luoram iurium* eadem dc cau(a«. 

•MiifaorcfpcAacoftfcrTationis fui uUnm 

4aa babcrct » ncmpc koc ius com iniotin 

dWconcracia Mmponi non potc^ft ab.- 

latioTitsecftabbttoomniamiuriam^ Se<- 

, tf tla . tutt i»,oft.abfardi<ma» acp otc.aa* 

Cmm 




C&ndnm om«n fua^ Tpecks» citM tamcn ' 
nolta nnj©rh«fnijitsaHhomtiiein injnfti- 
tia c^ref «Ait quim hafntGiiiiam* 

R: Dec«ocept!ifomiIi juriscftifum uc ' 
silfeiTi rarmiliicr pei tnjti£i«m neu f^ofEt. 
fum ut tsc<li nrtis poffitformaHtfr, niil pcc 
injnfUm, Prot & crpliciEur prirafa ^ 

pars huiim priDcrpii prrmti^ 4 parit^t^^ 
Qma nnUmni jus poteft tribui formahrat ^ 
per ju[liEianrtj ua uc norifi^Unrv hs^^cnti )us ^ 
ftliquod tribaatur ab hibifcici » inqac a4> ' 
sila £iit virta^e juHiiix, Ergo nuUum ius • 
toUi, negatiti potcft fpvmaJitrr pcTinin- 
tiafli 1 iti lit hiihtTis- iu& aliquod incfpi^c 
Aon hiberc illud> idqi^t fraic>per iniuriaNn 
aQFerentis. Paceranrcccdcns,qaiacui ali- 
qtiid coofertur con pra;cxi>)ente iure, uc 
id (ibi «o^nferretuc co ipf© confcriur gra- 
tiofc fi qaidcm coofertuf q^jod' non cfl: 
fiium ipliusaccipicntis. Patcr confequcn- 
tiai qnia non minusci^ de racionevninriar» 
ut cootradicaciurialreriiis,quani fitdcrt- 
.tionc iufticiae, ut conformcrur iiiri air<s-' 
ii«s. itquc autcmicpugnat contradi^io > 
rcfpcftucxrrcmi ramnon ampHa^^xidcrf- 
tisi acque conformita«.rcfpei£Va' nt»ndi;m 
cjidcntis. 

Probatuxdcjn^c i poftcriou. Cimai-^'^' 



4rif]^oU«nt reim baaii fiii% ob 4diiA«ai 

^ign uoi cali. p oe na • nallam illi inffctriiiiii*^ 
(iiin) Jnf«rc^Y«fdrlauoi;fiunctfi ilU milff» 
itc eidem Mini|ttiMi.€0|AJicfit^iMi,|lig4in 

. -tatcacfpelietiirbonitCiiis. .HiliasafKeai' 
4ifcriiiiinis,noUa alia racio eflc porceft» «^^ 

. quia iudez fimul cum boois aoferc iat mi ii 
Mna i larro Vjer^-aaffdrre iits ttAO pofecft» . 
fcd cancum bona. Qaod fi Telihic habcsoc 
l^oceftacem aaffcrrendi £miil cimh bonia . 
tusadbona» tcI ille oon iiabcret» (ccot •• 
snninoresiaccidcrec» lc iudcx indBmc io- 
iariam» lacronon infcrrct.^ Paccr4^QC 
«^fercnccfladttts, co ipfoj nttllam inioriam 
infcrrCiac proindc ias pemiHciam aoCcta - 
fo.tmalicer minim^ poffe. 

Probacurdenique a f riori. .Qma intii*: 
fticia habicualis efthabtcos incenciTUt in* 
«fualicatis, uc didum eft quacft. m« sc^ 
f^i cen(tqueas iniuftici* a^ualis» eft a-. 
iftualis inceacio inasqualitatis, Conftae 
CLUtcmezdi^isq. 9,^ IflaminxquaHcaccm 
■Tcrfaci non intec bona unias,& iura alce* 
zilisfecuadumfe, neque;incer iura unius» , 
^ iura alcerius fecandum fe;»-ncquc in- 
ter tttraquc fimul» abfolutti confideraca» . 
fed vcrfari incer boaa unius> ic bona aU 
ccrius cum proporcione ad iura ucrtu.t- 

^«C# . lu iU 4u^(t\kl lIO»oi:uoaLS incec 



3i m^kti4!U ]mu: tf^ -* 

«vtfcmi cHcAcUliter cvndiEuat ibx* 
LirsEttii^^uaf eftmttem iniuaarp Mi?- 
flmnvtto dt dtfcAum iftiufinii«ii v^ 
litarii darr boa f oiFc deficiente iiire. 
ic nihfi pottft liabcre propornoncm ' 
^litam icrpc^u tzrctmi ia.m jpen cxi«* 
cis, ici ficc jnjequdiEatis pioportiof 
I liibcrc potcf^ re(p&4ta efuldc, Nciyi-^ 
xcreino i|^od iam aoa daturipskfrc 
^GLit nihil «qu^te, iti nec i^oiB^iul^ ^ 
iqaam tSt poteftt ' 
5tirmtriir, Nam ^ui patittrioimitin^ 
» iilam paucitri c|aiji ci ae£aiiii}qu^4 
m dtbcruj-^ fed abUio iurc iim cc^ 
tvit Dcc cLus ccrmi»tifi debttur. Ergp 
a«tftrriir ia4 fotnialittr^ noo patituf^ 
tiara. VifhtfiusrationiscxeoclMuf 
»ec> ^a & polTctius foroiialic^r attr' 
pcff iiiit^narp* ficri uiiquje poi&£>)l? - 
dalio^ (tebctatuo:, if^cipcr?! cffe ix^chlr: 
m.rcl^^bu ciufdtm pr^cise latti^J^jT 
fhe-aiUfionif^ Qupd cft maAJffW' 
lordum quiia ablatio iniuClra au0crcQ>r. 
cdSiruirdct^^itorcia rci ;ablaxa^^ rci^ 
m ablataem canftitAiit dcbitam rcfticaiy 
\t aaitem,/c^u«la q.A^a dcifi ci ece fojnpaf» 
aliq«0'i'»tic^dcfi^k cp iffo rfttadf^hff 
t-crmino iuriS) Ti quidcm abJata; foW?^ 
»Ot>aMU' A^qurit fubfifteic cius dcn^'» 



tioprorcQifQsajurf* Hrgo fi fdrflnalisi^ 

litio juris ponftefTcmjuf^aUquid priuc» 
^cbitum rfdicrctui indcbiraai ta^iOAci^ 

Alrcri pm pnncip4i jiiiio ff0fofti|^ 
jicmpCDiiHiicniuv, fornia)iteilxdi poflet? 
ni^ fttiAJuTiiaiYi^eitirtilefatificxrctii^ 

Yur ^' cftti bera f J cul tas maaita legc fa r c iit« 
ftibie^ocjui^ & graTantealiosJQ favoTCDi 
ipiiui 1 nt di^oQi eft in dc£fiitt*iie jurii. , 
Quare Etil n^n potcf^> uc- Ixiatur jasAli* 
^uodf quiii refkingatutlibcuiliquafa* 
cultas^ac flli coRcra legcfn f^reotcni ci* 
^cmlibera: fjKuImti \ acquc coDfltcuatuf 
inrct Ije^enteDn,^ Iscrum ifisequalitai coa- 
tnaciatalilegi. Irihocautfm coniiftic for* 
mal is ra ri o iii j uri jc ut p atc c » £ Fgo rcpiL* 
jjroae adliooein aUt|Ham ftl •milfioaeai ; 
ic^el«fiyam|^urts fotmalicdc» e^^ndcmaiic 
Wpn eife iDJaftitiam. Eaporrft «d^io, ira 
oiniffio dicttuc IsfiTA J4if«s formalifers^vJB 
«(lcontraria, a^ioni , tcI omi/CdBif ad 
^atnijusdatliberaflifaccilcatem, . 

Ctnare ad 1udicandum4naliq.ua adio» 
^^tbmiinoquxex ti alicnjas-jiim prat* 
lirifteDTisfc^UDdum fe futuracracinjurio* 
iti^fi^t cti ulis > €X ali^iua fuppofici^ 



htrtpdrtnitDTC denovA} vijlcnJiiiR rH'» 

ItcjQSidcamt^dfiCTTi vcl omJITioicifl j an 
BOnauferaGr&i^cnimaufci^ ias ^ turcrct 
«tian^ i6^ioni tcI dmiffitin r ,rtEjoncm injii^ 
itotaei ti» minus : DODaafercr I tjutilquij: 
iUadj & cujiurcunqi cotKtitioEiis fucrif.. 
Si qui^cmeoiidnobmtci^iofcuomiflt» ' 
trirl^Hrajuribuou rriiQUtj^uam fi cafup^ 
f oHtio-fft&a □«nfujlfcr* 

Exhisconcludituifcorc&ciQm PTiHora^ 
phi D. Th4imtitli*rt3Enqiii:comHiuncindC : 
cctiam^cfcBftm Ttt qu^ft, prosimd prat^ 
«cdcociquoi votcDti »ofificf injuna, in* 
fcUigcndarm cfcde Ttlunr^ccquaqtiisTa^* 
Ijdcrenuacicc iuri fuo , illudquccfficici'^ 
tcrtbdicctit fc tioti folttm sfFe^iv^j fed 
ctitm cffcdli*^, Haoc ciTc nienrcm D, 
Tkom^ patet cx illo arr« j?. act i. H&m9 
gMtm mitptffuum 'u&lHntiitMm feffidipra , ri» 
§fsn§m tfifr^ter pr*p*rthnrm vel prtpsfi^ 
inmt fi ati^uid ti »hfirAhMtur i fid ftfUT»* 
dMMf rofrtMTfi voIh ntaji i vel kf^ iff* , "J f ^ * t 
sHa. Lpquitur crro 4c . volunii^e qui 
iinusquifqi rcs podfidcc > 3c qua preindc 
fctitdlati pcr contitdim vQlimtarcm noft 
i9ipUusca3fGnidcrjrc4^c^QUiic ciTc fux 



E am pono fe a cca c i a m ta mc c fj ab roliiEC» « 

jfArJ£i:ioni&c^x co ficilcperfpicitwr i Quia 
dum agirar dc luiibus voluiitJis difponcns 
invilidccircft aU<^uidj pcrindexAjmdtui 
«c^Ci Qoti cflcc i IdcoqicommmiiterdiciniT 
ToluDcasDulJa i 6c quia moralicer nuUft cft 
fcjipra j 4um agicui de rolutitacc quoAd 
moralescffcdus ^utcoaiiDgic dum agitui 
deiciribus, dcinkuiiit ,;doo comprchcadi- 
1B|- fub Domiiic Talutiraris, Yrtd» patct 
jzunamTnni&ftfm per datam cipoijcio* 
jkom Fbiiofcrpho Sc D. Thoma^ acquc K-* 
£ uUs utri u fquc i uri s ; (ju Jtciu i ttcg a d ti bu i -■ 
iaiuriararcfpciftufcictitislc vdcDti^Quii 
loc^auntareipcclTc dc voIuDt«t« iDduccM^ 
fcdif erii^raccm maralcm« iu adtoncmm&^' 
teiifiUcetiDiuftam, Qrivdivcrritas iBd.act 
nuUdtcnus paiefl litE indutkA dives(t(ac« 
injure^ ctii vidclicer, {i iiod ob^itttcc« ^i 
IreluQtace «^lrh«c f«r£mfai»c^.M>a.muittr^ 
«ffcc contfina cfiam fonteHcciacai^Mttr 
tereadem a^o, <^am ftnu^la cali^i^alao»' 
cas»^ D>uUttfquje itt ^ta^ oooi^mlvtt phgyiAci - 
adefljjcpaiieacitf c . t 

citeconfcnchcas m adioDcm mateii^Ktai * 




'b4ii ivfeit riitonena formaHcn injtfriofxt 
fim i^o iircrimiflc clarius ^igDot(tii4o 
coanJcrftQdum eft ^uieiftM luu fcadcirc 
inctTclc coDfciTari ib t^iiftli foltinrace 
hftbcnci»illiin} /fcl tcridi^uoid primum 
clTcabaduaU voluniarrc, ct<|ue cjtplleitft 
^£ dcccritfitiaia ciTCt^aUmrem , fc quoa^ 
co^rcmd k dcfeftu fimilii Toluficaiis 
s^uilis coBtTacije i tU« Ttr^ jurt eJTc tatiA 
nicorumcoorciTaiio oaipeadcat t 4cfc- 
Ak Toluatatisa^uftlis conrrariat» ttcque 
ai pti m um corum cffc rcq ui rat ur rol un ta« 
tiplicita^ac deitimLiiiutei|ie^ataUs rci. 
^ri ori s |rep ctLS fuQ e i ura peca AJ flmm iQuif 
Tidclicct ncmo facic (uit, ncc rcddit inici* 
t»m ufurpationem earum » nifi kabcat ▼•• 
liiBcacem fpecialicer liberam icfpedu ipfj»* 
fum,quaTelii.easdIcfuasf dc fuperTCni^ 
CQte Toluacace coatrada defiBuiitcilefttar. 
Pofteriofisgeacriseft fatna. G^ijus Tid«* 
licecius kabetur Toluatafc geacrali» qua 
vulcfibibeneetfe» fiTeefTcfclizacbeacuf» 
&' ooQ amiccituc Toluiiucem^ uali coBtra* 
lit.^ 

Rati o ku-j usv^ifcri mtBi s in rer di Tcvfa i a* 
fapeadecezc(>> quod quardam bonafunC 
calisaaturat}UCcumipfis,& fiBeipfispoif> 
Ittquis cfTe fclix ; imb poffic promoTercfc- 



ffwm/e^edirpooere perlp(km AMlHmf?' 
Jorabona.* Hi»jiirmt>ilt JTanc pecdohrf -i: 
ftbiMdaBcta boBornmtcfilpenilimn-i ^tfty 
b«t i« pMf eres*- eregam^ Mf -ytcer mm^ 
ftt^remiAriatis ereTeiC «Ufpofirio a4 tfciih 
4fimaiitm!immatoiibiisatiitboB{i'i Atfi* 
^eTohiocate>(e» «4 illa ^irpoMBiff. ia * 
cipiciam ^lirefcere meli«t*y |t pc^mvvcfa - 
ftlicsracem raam. AliaTcri fitac booa-^to^ 
tamia^aratolaocaria ooopro«ovcr(iait» 
liicicatem • fti minoit fc' tti^ Itfdtrpot*» - 
cam ,aacminot4Hpo(icama4coiol«c«cio- 
Bcmeiasi Haiofmodi fuBtlainaboMs^ - 
ca reromeogoitioltaliakiriotgenamtii* 
-Cimia: caim ▼olontaria reddic hoiafnieai 
-tRiaatibniciffom 4e honcfltte Tic2|.tpmi- 
tiiitatilemhoiicftacia^iocum confoTeBdaet . 
i&crrorquaacum eft 4e fe difpontt aoi* 
■ramptoxim^ Tclremotd ad profccacio* 
■em , Tcl fugam rerath coatj-ariarMi.me* 
rrco« ae dignttati, ipfarirncv Pitcraaccaa 
IB Tolantartegcnctali y quaEqoisvtilcfclici-» 
tatem > uc^ue4>enc (ibi iit bob po(!e>contt« 
Bcri Toluntatcra corum bonorum« finc 
qaibuifclicitas» & ipfumbtneciTecptimd 
coafifttt ) ac proindead^icquilitioncm eofe 
iura»feu ad ca facicadafui nccclfariam ciTe 
Tolawaccm cxp licitatB ac^ dcccmiiiatam 

tcfpo. 



4cmgeck*HU ¥4»iii&^Ea{et f (»l[iiiticcmcori 
Wogrumi quc lia coafctmic td fciicita* 
cem I uccoEum iidturiTolnDtatiiiDitivaf 
iiUtnpociut, tfc adca&ilein nuJ^^^peflte, 
Qu j caiM T uU flU^uid cif Hck^-, c« i f(m 
vuicTirruaJi[Cf&implJcitci}ii2runtaiiU 
lii«i ucf c^iria driersiiaaicj uoii.T«id ^uS 
»fcc^ia Dc^m fujir. . 

Quia vcro ntmo cft ,^ui n^llci ant^&C* 
Ce ommDo noiic fclicitacemiicd acc«nan^ ^ 
«mBctillasiT^luAE, at<)a« kxcToIuticat 
fncTaleifapcaamaci aUat TfiUti^act^ £t 
f laQc ucmiDi ^cc^ f vjTc T#liiDtatfm c£* 
caccm,qua:fuiHcia[aiicoiii^icucadum iu« 
Ecfpcflu coium boD«rmtij cum i|itibui fgt* 
licitAs hiibct iU udgcB ui c»a Atxiooif « q«« 
«i«do cxpoiUa f £t. VDdc etiam fi quis ka* 
1»ac « f ci eireicm iatcIIcAus , aut deecdiA 
ftacioDcmaf&flus» Toiunratcm particiLlju 
rem ^ qua cfHcaciEcrMUt eadem boatj . il* 
U fq uc > & e^) ra nt i u li b lis rcn uuciet r C<a# 
citci afFcf^irc , arquc ipfoium la^ms 
HmLlicGicvj^ciiiiat ; uoq piopterca dcfi^* 
Acc habrreius.^d jlla. FfjTTalct nimiw^ 
lura TolutitaK. univcrfalit fijUcicath *: 
eQr«m booorum » cum quibut coBBCt» 
^ituc fosUcicas } huic alccri y^luiitati 



felicicatif eftordtnattTa doetcrorttdl ftv 
iimadipfam EcliciMtem'} «umnajmi 
kftriiodcdilboc mqci yum , ipam^poffit 
beit a4 aliquodnlKid s "Kum qnM ca va 
MScoacfBecuK ia qvttibecaliA Toiatfi 
«Cdidam cft dum^ ageretttrdcttlnmo 
ird<cchniBi9iium«njr Hbcrfattt.Qat 
J^tcrqu«TiiToHri* circa motiTiinr pi 
culare, qi|« coBtradicic incencfOtti 0« 
firit faelickacft , fibi-cci am ipfi cpncnii 
4trtttaKcer»i^impltcic^;concordaiii pa 
ktnhctdcmfiitcBtioocfmlicicatiSi p«i 
tb co difcordtBt. thttttpi^ lcz , qtt«i«fl 
fttim cft fupra pcrtiBcrt adcoBftits 
flcmiarit proptictacia y &▼•( iatcflt: 
folicitatit» BOB aotcmToiaotatipartic 
ficoBCrarias. NcmpcD^tttBOBTultcii 
ittritoripoliari >q^ib'utetcmtttadfm 
tflrtcinpcrft, ft:dctcrmiBatei tamct fi 
tfcntpotcftaccrev ar cttlpaBoftra ami 
rcppffimut-boBa ad illam coBfcrcotia 
Tcndo ablatioBcm eorom » ficuc lc-ip 
foelfcitacemtmiccctcpofittmut, cam< 
^craiBcalfcnbilttcafit abfqve calpa 
ftra , lc m eri.ta i u t a uferac ur. 

Exquibttt apparcc pacicBCcm iB}ai 
fcmpcr cficTei itaBoicBtcm, ut Boliati 
iffr r4»ient : rei ccrceica uc magit fit bo 



ClcBtf m : Yci ccitc paMractmma^iijq^aitt ; 

agcQtem, Appaict turiuslcgem fcpugnia- 

ttmabdifinuniaLiquormn juriuiri tafrtr- 

£.ct>DE[>dicatah<:iii 7oluticatflubjc£^ijCili 

*ca infux^t clic (Ttktlomiuus faTorabilefn r^ 

Ypc^nipfiuii fum <^uiici3ccofd«t«ppctf- 

tui floa feJum rc Ao cnaictiaUccr, Jlt formt* 

litcriftd ccitm ptKvalcDti , ic cffietciori; 

tUEnquiabemcfJcLum j£ firor potefl ros- , 

fmiitTatloaaWlitcrii^viro. £s quoultc-^ 

tiu& e^citur potTc rukiUlerc iutt umcr£ 

deruriiiejus fubifllo tltqut ooliei^ iHi 

*^cDurraiia> 4ummododccut finiul voUti» 

alia prrTalcni t pei:<|iiam i^emiui .eooM 

fuftcui •tque fukfifljiE. Indidcm ftmilitcf 

«fficitttt Legem repugnaptem abdiciTioci 

iliquoruinjuriumi rofTcBihiUmiBUtelfe 

'ampiiaxiYAinfiiiiplicirerT:iierratttfubjc£M 

* «orum I quia potcft «ihi1«mi»uf tBdulge** 

rt quotd plura }& niajorabQ^n&i foluinqiie 

rerhingcrcquoid aHquidQoccBSf U odia 

JiibiEum cfBcicifnai^ pcr alJam volunta- 

ttmabeodcm fubjcAo juris. Qui ia r< 

1>eusprovidet UBivcrfaJicer dniffi^irs rfta 

' fttalc^e,adturaffrc molttin qai'proTi- 

iet fltagiflratus dans cufacoreoi * pr^digo^ 

ac dilapidacori bonorum , uc vernncas ejui 

abfaue ifliuscoDfeofu /it nulli. ^|uo Ct* 



Cmplidcef > l( abiolmc icrmiiii 

%iioad plorcs ufus pec cempas loagittS sfra^ 

• NoBcftd§ficiIedQAuBaaisfl»9 4el«« 
jfcrc ad cafos piop^ficos t wttciosibvt 4«bi* 
.UB^i q«s:ftioBis.pfocuiii<prMedcBUB.I>i« 
ccB4uiiiBam((4ic cft-primo coBJIti— ali* 
ccrj fiToluKi^daa^i |iliqai4 pro^ali^fB 
£ ve temporan % fivc fpirictiali • tc^nc cojf 
fcBfBsinBOcmBCAcamab alfcrj^ iAfimi* 
dum» faficiaBC aJrcBUBtiaivdttm ios» «ac* 

ii^ipfumomBifi^pcrcacdaBtific ic c«o* 
sBCCMi Bultan» Ecriiaiwamvcqiacab'. 
Bccipicncc picciiim > ^BcqtMs ab>*in{cst»u 
McamcBCum » ac pcrcdBfcqatBiBBlfiiaa 
dfiadc fapertffe onus, fcurcfticatioait» 
Aacomp^&cioBit fccuSTcr^ fi ius niki* 
. IbmiBOt iBCcgtam pcrfcTcrec;.Q;i£a: qai» 
. dcm affcrcio niqacadei mtnifcfta cft czdi* 
ftis^ hacufaacouoad utcamqac fuam pjic** 
ccm»acnttllauIretiasiD<ligcat>autexpo* 
iicione » auc coDfirmacionc, 

Diccndumrurfus cftabrtluei |t in. g^* 
SKrcacccpjrioocm honotam Is Jilationcin 
nocumcnticxercitas circa volcntcmdara 
BBcpatr, coipfocacereKfpccieqaadani in*^ 
Jvfticisequam concr^iherentDOa exiftcnte 
f^9U^W%U conrcA^aj ctsam qaande 



r 



ld«EnYoIuDta£ iL coiifeuruK fttat inrtsSi' 
ifotcsad cinDgacfl^iun ius folcr.us >tc 
onrtQtfetatif (juaid n:m dmtn & Docti- 
&cvica&iil]atum,'Q^idipfoclt£{1:rpeet3Jit 
»i<j[\iciiTio1cni3e d^tnnlficarionis.Nfm* 
xmmrquiC^uchabct iuKqi]cdd;iEnrj^cc)i* 
C, jirpatjattfrTioletitiflni ciica fua bor^a» 
^utdeciiifirapina^ dilFertfpccic a furco 
implic] ejurdemrci jilhqu^fuperaddun* 
ioDem rpcciaUminiuftinx ,utdoccnt D. 
rbcmai q. tf ^, tn, 4, £c alii ceromtiuitcf» 
l1» rpecialcm violentjnm , quam inj^ent 
umcoiremptu Domini pixrmtis, fic«- 
^aalLCerTcnitcnus i CMtti dcbcrctilinmre- 
ercii^ tametiIaiitsinferiorcm> ob prxe» 
linenciam qutm q. 2. i6c |. JrdujBcfts 
Dfeparabilcm cireaiure cirearem quc ip* 
um-terminac > & circa ejus ufui. QuU ^gi- 
ur (^icnci acTelcnci adualiter & erpHdt^ 
^unquam iisferturea fpecfalis Tiolentia, 
[ua&infeciecur D^icnci ikiiullaceousiimal 
blcjici > proptercanequcflierittnquafn^a* 
ell ea fpeciafis iniuria , qus fiertc DuU«te« 
insTolcnci, camccfialiquandofiatabfbllH 
^aliquaioiuria juxta nupec dida. 

SimiiiracioneTcrificatur Tulgareitlad: 
iCB^ficiumnoB ranfertttr inTito. Yerifi- 
tatux ioquavialiquateiitts »^tiam refpeAit 



ferrur betteficium illud ipedtlc T«t«|i|i» 
ti$> fcu complaceBtic prjefencis, 5c animi 
bene dirpofici ad gracicudinem, quad con- 
lerreciir» (l cj^m:^ftia«certcrec«s crgt 
Yolcn€em.^cnpjfciicjtin»f:^ca magijt^tfto 
fi(iagis Tjftlict ac cji|icrcc. ' (jjyu cai^-ac^jpft 
VeBcficinmjircuQqneiaTuas aJSiialitc/A: 
tn parciculari» locxi duj^licis ejas kcntficii 
«ccipic duplcx CQacrarium incicamcnci^t 
|Jcera^^,if lic^0ci« jk€. |;rjifticixpr«fcnti^ 
nlcccafn.ijadirpplitipBis' aid ^citadtnci^ 
^njup^jecam dcb^ilJ9jr^cii^$n^^^ }ptMi 
^ coBTjB&.^aif 4cic j^ j^mnam^ 
^uc cfnfcnrcicBcs^ cam,ccf nullitcr abfQlall 
^dic» tcqaeconGcAciat iiberacur il;: dnplidi 
nocumcnco, alc^ro yiolcoci ae & difpliccd* 
tix ac criftlciae pr^efenris feu incipiencis 
nb iilo ipfp iofttBiit^ionisdamaiScaci- 
iTts i alccso difpoficionis p^xfcncapcar nil 
iram $c Tiadtdbam>lc pcrcQpfcaacnstiam* 
fiiificacor i^pn commiccic injuftitiam haec 
4uo cpnFiipiCui^at qvodem » A i^^ni. damr 
.nupi infcrr^ pc^^KicifdatUtcc (k .cxpli<i« 
'4^, {cu AUjllfi^o^iis Vpifaci. 

D i ce^iAvip^CAjii af ^(i Wc^Ticcf ia parti- 
"r^ttUri. Accjlpif9fia^ai;iaiV|prp mucPo dft 
^nbfolutc ii^.i^ft^s^ 6 .fi^p^r^r j as illttd foi- 
>^tc,Tcl igPorapi^pi;^J4;nc€millpin inacai 



m&bilcm xquali prerios ▼elfolta^c 
iqi]id«fiiiioc I rcdeoadusabinic^ua, 
aatif avii^ia coajuadacuflri piopria 
tnci &ecdticatc, Quii injieyTro cafti 
voluDtasd&DABdi autfVariu , Empcio 
cinatuiTAreiGttaulU utpotc veiidenf 
lcft invcfliLbilei idcQ^utnou pctit 
Dttjusejufdcin audVatii , acpoTtauU 
usdsnatjj necpropric loluci, Vnde 
^quens cli juitA dicla fup^Etutj ur 
EiieiatpcccAtuiniQJu^itir» <]utillu(l 
iu Atilidcniaudtriumdcfurabf<)uc 
nQ4ii|fioraniiaL> & coafli^neetiaai 
it £1» co i pfo d onat ur t Sc uuUa c(l i n j u- 
Eadcm cd i^uoad hoc mio dt daacc 
iid pio ceCeu pureieu op^purc fpiri- 
• Si cnim deciimilit<i:igti^»r\s ycl c«- 
> ac cepcio cftj* iniuftitia» $i veradcc 
i$e ob graticudir5,& libeialittr,i:dqtte 
cciacfiDCcrcnunacfliDJuftitia. Quta 
Detasdandi , accedcadi j ati Tuq eft va- 
ttxta di:(^a fuperiu^ de nacura pec«« 
rm; .Ncqucic hoc caCu lo(|uuBtat aa- 
;s>:dtfm.UBivcr{a1ttcr.dicttflt injvL^f^ 
radttsururano& Sc fimoniacos, iirjio- 
itcralios Layman agcas dc fimonia. 
miltccr cxceirus caQJugar^^rum func 
liuoDilbkiaixerpedu pcolislegifiraas 
leifuUi»^' ^tto^^aikulU Riux%u^^% 






l^ «d ^txtcns mtnitai fpcAats feJ 
cdmparacioDC Darucua) i<lqtie propci^-ac < 
itei£l^y eametfi inTicemcooiiiTejiD^y^ilt J 
fiiutu6 frf e BOQ miitBo. QttM utiw y» u 
-premitoUigitiomuciia foTtD4i^i«alltii.ii 
mmorcm trga feeoujttsalcm^^^celli^K '^ 
tranquiHxcatem permanentcm ad Smt^ 
ikfque ^yitat» -^Cciitrariam Ticfo Jflip^Af 
Yum difpoficioncm animi acctltbcrnBpii» 
«lit alceii» ^um peccmttpropter tfcioft- Mi» 
tipias motusr <c amaramdiiplicfciuvMH 
•foitis alio tiinraai » .^ iBeAui «c'niii> 
mum dlTifi.-Neqqs Tei6 poteftcosoitMiift 
orasfens U pezmiffio iponcanea pcMB ii 
ampeiire« quominus ca difpofitfo fiNfli jij 
-poftca pariac feparationcm adimonwii 
•^diai riias, diff dcBCiam i quibos TiltO* 
•dis tcnentur iurc matriraonii iDexiCB* 
.fuibili per voluataccm poftca ftipcfVt' 
nicDteii^ 

PrxCcrca cooiurati fiunc cz Ti mitil* 
iiBooii una caro» utJiabccur in ETaagtliab 
Quarc ficri Boopoccfti ntaltcructr coibBI 

Ccccc cum urtio concra caititatca vio* 
ido obli^atioBtm ouam habeccefpodt 
fini ipfius iccondom It» ouin fimul &iB* 
•diTifim pccctt cofiuainftitiam»TioteBdo 
-•bligationcm quam habtc rcfpcAo^dte* 



5)# dhUfionijttris. i ^^ 

ii, Qua dc caufa Doa magis potcli 
ifut altciitrs auferrc poltcriorem i* "^ 
lalinamquampofliEpriorem, Qttii 
kampHus in alEenicriu-s putcflatcj uc . 
itmtiiaam> juridicaTii divifloiitai 
3 fcddetietatcrquc fc cunrodirciioa 
iaherijquamfciecaiidam fcimma- 
iii, & hac mcido prQvidere nc alcet 
etur, iDfamecur: atquc vilcfcacid* 
'eipfeYciir, fivccofit* 
eafidcm idcnriuccm mDt^kmuftuCi 
te coDJug^tus <onf1:huitiir cuftoi 
is^'^cut dcbcc cile cu[las faiipQkit 
Ep&ad obfcrvaatiam ca^itaris coa^^ 
s, acccpcaturque ab alcero ad hoc 
im. Quare qui iWi prcftando rcd* 
c fc inhabilcm, co ipfo peccabir 
. ius qnsiicum altcri i ficac quivis 
ttis nd cuflodicndumquidvisaliud^ 
cftuin autcm cft conjugatum-vi#-' 
e thori reddi yalde inhabilem a4. 
ndum hoc officium. IdquclKiulto 
> quando peccacurcxconfenfucpa- 
Quia confilia quxrimonix, rtii- 
lia^qae co«jugalcs nwicuo (c cuiftp-'' 
'arccs langucDC admodum^occfia^» 
iduncac oi» mcmoriam cxempli iit 
irium rclaci i & adhibencur diffici^ 
c ccpid^^obt^fcieciyaof pigtveit.- 



t?4 €j»Ajtifi XVli 

tam Ticifrttudini exigcnd^ qtitfi iui 

Abcoc[ui priu5coDrcaftticiaduI{i[. 

Ab iikn porio abligAiioQibus i 
coniugaciisUbciari poc^il volttntan 
3riu&if]ui3DitUQii^rcoafcni'u [naaifHi 
iiltJ;ociDcai|ueprA:{liio, cuiu^yigorc 
iDCcp&irrcvoc^biUsabipfiscffcf^iT^. 

J[uefuac iaamifiibiiu iuca fundjtai 
tcunJum fe prarcis^. Igicur ob cc 
fum» fca peimifH^nem rponiancam 
farcisnonauferiui: propcia adulterii 
{li;i2, fcdfolailb, qu£ coniifterct i% 
lcnci carporis alicnationc, Sc fpcci 
CaticriAandi ob J3:(ioaema^ualicer 
tcniis>fcunoDcoQ[iivenrisaduaiit<i 
quod ta.rto iniufttciae abiolucc pctfc 
i<ic6 ^Cl quia ius marrimouialcpcrfi 
pihil eminus ur patct cx rarionc daia. 
Jamquodaccinccad pccfonam Ecc 
Aicam ccdcnccm iuci fori,airt nonpi 
(loiiisiinafiiteilumefl neutrura ius a 
pjoirepcc volunticem pacieoris. Cum 
, iftud ius conceditur «on cam in fav 
" petfooa! pri^ata:, quam iofavdretn oi 
£cclc(iariici,& Clericalis, ooo pot 
tnicti fola votuotatc pecfooafprivatje^ 
fubfiftic vi »lteiius voluotacis irre^g 
lii per ipfam, Sc il!a fua ipfius voiq] 



t>9MhU tkm fMrkg i f f 

ncni fa^ftusclljquic voluntates Don revo- ■ 
caaturf luc anaullaator pcr vohmE^rcni 
poftca fup^rvenienicin ccdcncii ioiot ^ 
VoLendi peicuniomem. Idem tiiclcui: fui» 
niodo de volcnte infAnn^tioDcm fus&)i« 
^liiram aUofum booorum » qaoram coq* 
icrvatioe(lne<cJraria decerminitcad feli* 
citacem conreqnc0dam, qnia jus adf lia 
bona fubfiflitTi voluntacis,qua iiDnft^if-* 
Quc vnk fcHcitatem pcxvalente omniUuv 
aliisvoluntacibuSjUC fuperins didumefl. 
In[omnibii5 igitnc hujufmodi cafibns Bc 
matciiiside^ oatur ratioinjuri^ quiapcr* 
fevcraoc priora jura. Undc demum dedu* 
citur omnem injuriam prscfupponcrc ef— 
fentialiter jus, idcoquciajuriamelfe quia 
juri concradicir, ac ptoindc jus neque au- 
fcrri pcr injuriam formaliccr poflc,ncquo 
lazdi abfquc injuria. 

Ad I. Conczdituranrcccdcns, &diftin- 
guicur confequens aufcrri materialiter po- 
tcft* Conceditur confcquencia formalitcr, 
ncgatur confcqucntia, quia j us ia rc rcfpc- 
duhabcntisius ad, rcm comparaturvcluti 
resquaelibctdidindaabomni iure>quarc« 
ousiusadrem ciliusadiusinrc, atquehoc 
tH tcrminus purus> & iuClum padivuai 
comparatioueillius, Quareimpcdiens ia« 
^iiftciusia le aoa facic aAiqncm coixuil« 



AUmipTt ]Uri micj (cA conrranim jari ai ^^ 
^tm : ica inpcroppofiiion^ad foUim iilmi ^ 
. yoftciius ius, ca adlialic injuriola, Illu'i ,, 
iBuccm ]iis coparacurfovmatirer cum tJist- , 
^ua^; iajurlapcroiiJipc 5: oppo^EioDcQ , 
.«ti quod hab€t arfbJo ntioDcm iujuiiofar^ 
'iicfginus Tcr^ciutdcm iiiris comparatet 
vas&naHtcrquiaeflmaccria in (|iii vcrfii- 
tur injuiia- •Cum igitur noranrct di^um 
Jii nullum ius formalitccaufciri pcr iniu- 
^atn poHcj idcll niilUim tus aufctrt poA^ ] 
jpcra^iojicm,cui convetiiAr racio iniufli* I 
nia^jfcuiaiuria: pcioppt^IrEinncmad idcm 
iuSj pater nihil hac cfbic^ion^concludi 
conira conclufionci Eadcm potig ratio cft 
tic impcditionc iuris proxlmi^auc inrrin- 
fcci piarfuppofica ciiftcniia iuris rcmoci# 
&uc€$crinrcctjdcqucaliif fimilLbusiununct 
iuribus; auali^fuurmsad matrimoniuitt 
f ofl fpoDulJaj Bc ius ad rcm pcomj^am 
poftpiomtnioncmacccptarim. 

Ad 1. Imt> indccon clu*iitur oppofit um» 
Iquia licui rcs quat cO: fii4aUc\^»u5 pro aU. 
uuo infiantif^tbfquc ulla ciufdcm iniiiits 
cft pencs alium pro alio inftanti^ pro quo 
SiuUum iatn competic i[li ius rcfpc^ti e- 
^ufdcm ici j iia eciam ipfum ius cfl pcoCT 
JiUum abfquc uUa prioris domini itiiuria 



QO btilfum iim compcrit ius ncque rt" 

t^a ipfiu& iuiis Drque refpcflu terfniQ^ 

iliccr iilliQ^li illj coird"pottd£tis, Hoc 

mcEn nec^^frarloconnngrrpioiiiltaLiti pr^ 

[|ue aurcixyr iu9 <lirci£l.um j quii co ipfo 

a;]f<rriir etiam ips r c flei um, uipoiA ladi» 

IViD^um redirer a dircdo, 

Ail j. Ncmini cod Tcnit ius propri^/IE" 
ibri ct e ta 1 c r c fp eZ^u co tj fci f a t ioni s Ai oi ttnfl 
iurium formiliccr.- Se(icottfetvatioift»eft 
Tel mcraphyfui oectfUria, tcI dcfciIVibi*' 
]i« foi:i cjus voluiirareSta^iotic-quilliie 
iniuria^^ufcrrc ius £c impc^irc ciu&coi)'^ 
fcrvationcfnpoteft* Si cDim ius aH(^no4 
i Deo irnmcdiatc confcraturjciuf^^uc fo- 
U v^jluntrae CGnfcrvcrai ab ipfo folo au>*, 
(ciri poteftj aiquc aico aoriDiri iuflc zxim 
fcrri potcfK Q«^od fi Dcus promiil*one^ 
aut revclacione pcrpcruas! cotvfcrvatio-fti»^ 
idcm ius fUbiliat,«iam coBfervatio crie: 
AiCtaphyficc neceifaria. Si autem ius lio*>, 
naini ab hominc conferatar, vel confcr* 
tur ad natan:^ conferentis finc a]la<caa^ 
fa , vcl in pcrpetuum, arque omnino ab- 
folutc, ium non adcric odufa fpecialiS' 
iufla ia contrarrum*. S'\ fii ad ccmpus 
& ad nutum, patci: abfquc uIIa ioiu* 
xia aufcrri poflc a confcrenti, quando 
plac4jcrir, Si in pcrpctuuia fic. aV)^o» 



JutCi uul!» vi aufcrri ab codem peecnf. 
Quia pofl accepra^ioaem voluncas coo* 
traria coDfcrcQtis cric nulla. Miilto Tcti 
ininQS porcrit aufcfti ab aliis noa txjftcntt 
caufa iu^i ih c«[irraiium , a quoiuni ti* 
^clicct volu^rate mjnus pcii4tfC tale iui, 
QuaQdoautcm atlcrir lufta ca ufaaufcicii- 
Ji iuSipatct luflc ablarumiliud iri abeoj 
adi^uem pfrrincr caufHZ cogniiiEij ab ahis 
vcr4 DLtllatcnus auferti poreric^ tamciii 
jnaxim^ Tclinr. Ergo confeivatio iurii 
formaliter oou cidit fub iurc^ fcd vci cft 
necetTari^ ycI sot) munita legej, atque nC" 
gabiiisfinc inturia. Uudt habcBS ius ab» 
lL>lutumaciIIjmitaeum,habet cius pcrpe- 
tutt^tem nou iurcj fcd qugd maiusj Sc at^ 
tcrius geuettft efti impQfltbilitacc pkyfici 
«blationis^ 

Ad homlcidtuTn.^uodaEtmetj alLUseft) 
diccndi locus. SuflSciffto Duoefupponc- 
te Qt ccnum, homiuam ooq ctrcdQmiuura 
fi]£ TTtaCifed tocum ctui ius immediatuRi 
md folumDcum pcrtincrc, Yndcqui pee- 1 
catoccideudo hDmitsem, noti e(i i»iuftm 
trgaipfum feSergaDeutn* Jutivcrofpc- 
Aanciaad hominem nouabco ccipiuntiit 
formilitcr & Tmmcdiatc, qui cripic illi vi- 
istmj fed raotum indirc£lcj quatenm iurft 



' I^e pA rv ttAfi mMtenj^ , I ^ ^ 

mtni tirQnim pro tcmpoic yixm monalis, 
a£ pioinfle inccrcuQtc Komirie irndecun^.^ 
id pfQVMiiac, tirve naritfalireTj frycviolei»* 
tcr t ill^ «^r^Qtant vffc^ vel trxn^feruntui' 
non perdiredam o^lit^oncm corum (icur 
dusada iuflerpoliaEiHiUifrcusper iurdicis 
irntcrttiam, fed indiii^d^pcr pa^cioncn^ 
tc^mirjii & condiriopisdt> audVoLX iurium 
dcfigna^s^ nunquam igtcur lus aiifexcili^ 

C^V j£S t lO XVlL 

Ttrum cmne peccatum injajlttufitmor» 
tale l 

VI D E T ▼ R cfle. Q^ia in rc ycncrcd 
non dat!ir parviras marcria?, fcd omne 
peccarum ciica illam eft lerhalc. Hr- 
go nequc in iniuri"is datur parviras mare* 
irx.fcd omne pcccarum iniulHri^-e cft Ic- 
thale. Proharur confcqucnriajquianeurra' 
marcriaconfidir inindiviflbili, & urraquc 
eft finira. Qnae autcm uniFormiter func 
ciafmodi, polVunc uniformircr auFercndo' 
diminui ira ut finiantur,& immcdiarc an- 
tcquam finianrur» finc prope finem, & pa« 
rum diflaniia a nihilo. Q£od aurcip p a« 
ru/n Jj7tac4nJhiIo i/i q u o ▼ is ae o ua\v\tt ^^- 
I 4 wc^^o 



t 



%^9 §iUAjlh XYIL 

ncre, cflquid parrum, ufquc adcd» II C tI: 

dcaturcfrelcgirim^iicfinicio patTi Bc ma^ 

tni; quoii pamm vcl mukum diflatajsi-^ ^ ^ 
ilo, Daiodcquiileefl: Aulcaepomum^d 
obolumicalc vidccurclfc^^aDgfic cxtremoi 
digicos,& rKdcaliisfiminbu^ 

Rurrus? I»umopp»ticu~iuft]iiseflma<' 
iusac dcicrluG quam Tirium oppoiiciim ca- 
fiiuci. Quia iuAiilaeft maiDr&pEar^au- 
tior viituSj quam caflit3S> mcoDftatc^ 
q. ij^ Ecgo ^aliquid cjiiguum concia iy- 
Aiciam tA Tcniak> multo magis veniaJt. 
§(k, qaod cit cxiguum coucia caflirarcm, 
I>c!niquc fi confccutiDncm vita: XEcriyr 
tcddcrcc moralicci impofTibilemjquod o- 
mnia peccata contia iufliciam criam in 
quaocicate utcunq; parra.efrcnc Icthalia^. 
i/icoqj oportuicDon omnia efTe prohibita' 
fublcthali» IdcmfequereturcxLCoquod o-- 
mnia.pcccata concra caftitatem cficnt lc- 
tliaita; quandoquidcfnnecoccafioncsho- 
Liim peccarot^m fuat paucioreSyfed multo 
plures» nec motiva alliciunc minus fcd- 
multo magis,acproinde Qbcandemratio* 
Dcm oportiiit , ut nec omnia ifla peccatar 
Ciflentprohibita fub lethali. 

H^ Peccatum iniuftitix effc «loralc cx 
generc fuo 5 pofTe tamcn effc vcnialc tum 



piTvica^c maicriari tum ci utraquc fi- 
,ul, ({^nnmuDJS Sc ccitiL fciciitiu cfl» cum 
Hvo Xhoma arr. e. 4, quacft, f 5» Proba* 
,tir primA pars, Quia (^uod opponicui. 
cluritanril menaU cx gcncre fuo. Cha* 
tit^i CQinicH viTJi animxj ££ i^uad oppo-- 
pjrtir vira: til iniudivum moitisj Ideo* 
ijuc mortatc, iDJaflitia autcm uppeakuE 
cliariiiii. Quta chai:ic3S inEcitdU bosum^ 
proiimi, injuHitia. vcr^ ciocumcntum c-> 
^ardemj-quud con^Ric ia prtvatioaebom^ . 
P.fobaruraltcrap^rs qaoad icfcfbum dcli — 
pctriiioaisquia nr dicit Phtlofophus c^;. 
lujas f, Hnc: : J.a ^U4it mi^ folumigx^f^m» 
*ti , ftd oh. ign&r^itiMir-r^tiiLm fat$HnT\ Aft-* ■ 
%slia fuiii, Ncmpc avlus huniaai noataitvi 
eftimantuccxeffcdu, & qualicate objc<fbl. 
}arvi vel magni rccunduic, quam cx pra:^- 
lognicioac pcrfccla vel impcrfcd^a, duni* 
nodo fic inculpabilitcr impcrfcAa.', 

Probacur dsnique dtparvitarcmatcri^i 
gMM qui pArum a-mtdio recedif^ non xArpZ'" 
ur, ut dicif PhilofophLis r. Ethic. fub fin 
icm. Certc talis reccffus condonacur fa* 
:ilc, ac proindc cft.venialis. ExigH^^m* 
me i%ciiirfi ex*g. unius pomit pr^b;khiLe isij , 
wd non dijfliceat patieneiy uc d-tcit D» 
rhomasacii. Sancdirplicentia ptr fc lo- 
I^^CDdo cft^aiya, ^.ftcilc iaijcifc*^^'^ 



pacei»» S^:bebeyolentiam rcilitifra» Quol^ 
£calistioa e(Fet,.rcdxieretui moialiter im- 
poflLbihsper feconfervaiio ch^ritaciscunft^ 
Deo & proiimisj ai<^iic intic cotircctitio* 
f itff rcerTsa;, Qu;c fequcla c(t abfurda, iu* 
fcrtur Ycr6 lcgiiimc cx nimia frequenttst 
eccAlIoniim Itvucr noccn^ii t & faciliritc 
infcrcndj lcvc nocumcntum, Peftrcma. 
pars dc cxigtiirare maEcrtae k dcUberatio* 
nisflmaleft manifcfta i fo:tion* QuaDr* 
portddcbcat cflc Jclibcratio fofficiens a4 
jnorralc^eftt^uii univerfalitis^ $c percineDS. 
»d qusllioncs dc ^ftibu^ humanis. De<* 
tcrmiu4tio quaocitatis cft res valde diiS- 
, cilis- , ut vifum cft Philofopho^ nec detci'- 
minara afecodcm loco proxim^ indicato^ 
exponetur vero infra, dutn agctur dc rcfti- 
tutione^ Interim certum eft materiamin* 
hiftitiae tam parvam eHc p^^de, ut non fuf'» 
liciat ad lethale^dcat patet ez exemplo ft^ 
fito a D.Thoma. 

Ad rationem diibitandi in contrariiinEV 
toncedendum omnino cft antecedens, ne^ 
queednegabile abfquemagnoanimarun» 
perieulo, mbrumqiic corruptione uc ha-» 
bctur ex D.Thomaqu«ft. i-f. dc veritate ' 
a.rt, 4. e. fubiniiium, Xaiio difparitatis^ 
jnuUisvtfaeft ditficilis,nonnulli$ impos^* 



[tiTa falfiras conrcquticis cll omniljiis »ia- 
ntt;^liatobvia, Rario !eg;nni:v ditcrimi*- 
Ai!^ pctidct cxlcgUimico^iiuidne dcIcifVai'' 
WOLvis, & rci vcrtcrcaf > ia ciiius fi^&ificai- 
tit>iK*TquiTocit>on^ni psfli AinipaucA il**- 
Jij qui ijcg^iiutir anrcccd^ns. 

ScfenJum igirut cft dot> omncmdcfc-- 
^srioncm fccunciiini tafhjm lut euam ti- 
f«m veT au^iitiim qualitcrcanqu? pcfc^- 
pram cfTc vcnctcaiTT ac iibidiaoOim, fcA^ 
lam roluTTi quae c6''ccjuirurad a^Jltini con- 
fiimmaumm iuiariacj vtl ad a]io& qiii funtt 
pracviij aut comirances rcfpe^fluadlTJS can- 
fummari ; cyciccntnr vc^o ctirn eiurdfnii 
iTnaginarfonc, & cof^iraciohcadluan : ita^ 
ur dcle(f^ati©, cui animus adhxrct, quando'» 
cft libidinofa, non fJr ca fola, quam caa- 
farc poirctir eifeprrccisc tadus illi prxviij, 
aut concomitanresfccuDdum fe, redprour 
conjun(fli cum tali injsjnnationc & co- 
gnitionc dele<fVationis perccptiSilis cxr 
acflu confummato. Vndc tariluS' corporiS' 
conllituirur in ratione, ac fpccic detcr'- 
minata vencrei fcu libidinofi , non ex vi- 
quam«habet excitandi imaginationem &: 
cogirationcm atque inde complaocntiam 
impuKivam ad aiftum conftjmmarum, fcd^- 
ex conjun<5lione, & cum cadcm imas^ina*- 
rJojie S: cognationc j & cutn 3l4Vx^^^^^' 



w4 i^io xvrr. 

ajFe^tus volantarii ad deledlaeionrAqu&m 
caufanc cademjnnaginatio & cogicatio cil 
fibjcilo rcprefcntato. Quaproptcr con- 
fcnrus iti a£tionc5 qualercuuqi cauracccs* 
deledlationem vc&eicanij eo ipfoeflcon? 

^ fenrtisia dclcdacionem j qux cii propri^ 
xifltM coninmmaii lic^tnonproptcicanc- 
ccilarid intci^tconfiKafus io ipfum adtuim^ 
cicciiorem confummatum i c4tmfufBcicnSv 
, fit confcjifus in delc^ationccn propriim. 
talis aiflfns pirc^ise/uc imaginac3m>^ iE£: 
cepraEfcntaiam pcr cogfticionem, 

jam Ycro in Kujufmodi aHflionibus, Sc- 
dclc£tacionibas4 quatcn^s hocmodo fuin 
ircDciex ac libidinofjc, non diu patvitaT 
trm cxcjLifaMtcm a.peceacolechalicxeoliT 
quer. Qoja oonfcDfu» iii ipfas, quaccnus'. 
tales futic : includic coofcnuim in deled^aT 
tioncm propriam adlus confnmmaci luzu* 
ria;,qaiefl; peccaxunynorcale. GonfcDfus. 
aucem iB delcdbacionem prAvenieDcemab 
aliquo adu lethalitef peccaminafo. Licet 
concipiatur abrq> confeBifa in cundem a^ 
6um, eft peccamiDofus letkalicer> ut da* 
cec D.Thomas i, i> qu. 74^ art. 4* Quja. 
confenfus in deledbacionem proycnieoceni 
ab aliquo adu, eciam prxcis^ uc imagioa^ 
tMnii 3c repraffeDcacam in cogoicione ooa^ 

jgoc^AcS^ abfqttc iacUuiuoM%.^>^^«^ 



F 



fioneafFcdusad ipJum aaiini, qili cfl cay- 
£a d cledstif) n j 5, ;i : q p-e c©n fctiti ctis d cl j bc- 
larciiicliBadonii&^adharlioiii faiaffc^iiSt 
a.da£laiiilcthaliccr pcccaflTinofiim coiplo 
veccat tcthalitcr, Noti cnim cft quid pAt^ * 
Tpuin, at kvcmalum hrtUcrc a,nimumdcli' 
bcfarc ineHnartiM &„ adhrtcntcm ma]iy* 
eravi. Q^arc aifVioticS Hcet fccundufn fk. ^ 
lcv ci & co n t i n cntci car ^'pia; c;si mal i tl^ . 
fcmTclnifllam vd parvi Biomcnti,qiitte-' 
Aus vencrxxac Hbidinofj: fuat ^unt grt^ 
Tts, necrunt capacesmaiirLatvcnialJSj Ai& 
C3t iDdelibcracionc.^ 

Expofitioi/laic figtiiftcatic^aAiOflis Ji* 
kidinofx U. confequcDcia iDde dedu^a 
habcQCur apud D. 1 homam in hac i# 2> 
quasft. I54.art.4.c. finc: c^ /Vfi#, ^iXi.ennh, 
ijcuU ^ iW^phxHS hHjHfmodi (fcilicct li- 
bidinofi dc quibusloquitur ) frtf^/fr //r/#^ 
ffadonem hHJufmodi.{[c'tV\cci propriam a« 
^usconfummaci» dcquaimmediatc fue- 
lat fcrmo)/i»;;f, confeqHens cftfu^djinrpec" 
eatamortaliA: (^ fic fblmn dicuntur libidi'»^ 
nofa, Vnde hujufmodi fecundum^ quod libi» 
dtnofa, fu?u feccatA mortali/K Solum igi- 
cut expqdic in hac materia non arquivo- 
<;rre adliones libidinefas cam iis quae funC. 
e^cafLmcs libidiais^ U f lorocant ad li- 



^iHiacm ^ riondt;in tamca funt HbidinofV*' 
Hocenim reifVc DbicrTito ni^lU cltdctc* 
litjuo difficultasi 

Nqoimlli .TdTTiitrcntes ea^dcm j. t|ii3F 
Ihodo da^aeftj cipafitionemtacreftri^tio- 
Bem ail^ionis libidinorar con/tftcmis iw 
tadtu^viru vtl aaditijjn^mpc eiVeadem dc 
hh omnibus raitOjOC dtilticercnceaudem^ 
t^ux hnc ufc^iie Scdti^a eft, conicquen-» 
tiamjdiieruotif&amHbet citarmodiadli©- 
Dem libidiaolam affcTrefccum infeparabT* 
JiteTp^cnctt^umproximum conf^caitcndi ir* 
■ dumipfumturpcm conrummamm. fa^ 
tilius nimiTum vitari adlionesprzvia^ 1p- 
l&idirEoras fimul cum confenru in a^am^ 
«onfummacum, qiiam virerur ifVe confcn^ 
fiispoftilhrsadHones exexicitaslibidinorer 
firccjucprobabilius ii^adionibus fiGcxer- 
citis fubfccururum ciTc iftum confcnfumf* 
qaam eundcm cfre CGhibcndum : acqu^ 
pferh«cdtioadxc{uat^ conftitui a<5Honcn» 
itli amiffioncm quamlibct in racionc cc- 
eafibnis proximar & prorimi pcriculi r«>' 
fpc(5lirpcccati letVaHs ; quas proindefl noir 
Yitctut pcccatuplcthaliter. Qnam in rcm y 
ardycttunt optijn^poflc a6!ioncmaiiiquanrr> 
etfe lcYcm , parviquc moracnti in ratio-ne* 
dthitsiioQh adlUaHtcr : gravcm vcr6, ma* 




^dculi propccr diipofuioacm mauriar^ 
fcu l'ubjed'i« 

Dcmoivfttaot jtf^txcmplo fcincillr mifi^ 
ix in magQ*m copiim pulvcrii tormfo- 
tailiiqux <^utdem tf^ qxiid p^rvum cjuoad 
i^uandi^tcmmarcria:, Sc igai^ i t(l cameia^ 
quid m^geium Sl miximc fcMmi^J^dura* 
quo^d vtmricicandi in talr mjteriajma**' 
gtium & mcruD^uibilc iQccndium^ lil; 
rc iuicm pfactcdci cjufd'm cifc conditio*- 
nis j ^(^ioncs cfujifcunquc UbidiuofaSi C^ 
tiamfi fmt maiJEivc Ictcg in ucione ddc* 
ftiacis a*5tualircr, coftftat; tum i poftc- 
liori tr cKpeiicnria plunbus cxcmplisj ac 
tclliimQuiis mukipliciccr conBrmata : tum. 
iprioriiquis dclci5>acioiics cj^jfinodi pct*- 
turbanr rationem proptcr commocionem: 
& cnnfluxtjmj nccnfjQ dilacatioftcm fpt- 
iituum viralium * quibus itifidcnt fpccica> 
imprcfl-Ciattji indc aijdtam fnptamodum 
apprchcafioncm , ii rcprapfeucationeni 
pbin^afiac prxcipitaniis pTopccrca m^ijott 
fcmpcrcum impciii in dctcrius. Patct au- 
tem nainuj , ac dcbilitari mirtrabilicer li- 
bcrtacem pctrurbata in linnc modum ra- 
tionc ^ atquc idco. pcri<uium indc nafci^ 
quale diilum cft, 

Ncc obftaC quod dcfit pcraccidens,aue 
iftuJpaJ^ilirM: credaxiti: de^ vwt^aiti:^^^ 



txU pemQlani iu aliquo indiyidilOr QfiTJ^i 
lcxordioata in faroaam cofnmune fpccicii. 
<|ualisc(tji}ii£ iilrtgic paccatiam gcD«ia' 
tiTimj noD aTccndic qitidaccldaciaaliqutj 
ifidividuo, ncc expeditj ut fiabjiciarur ar- 
bicrio-miiufca}iifqucj uepojc fufpcfti ao- 
incomptccntis judiciSi fcd deccrntc citcar^ 
omncs. & ^nguios abfqiic uUacxccptioiv 
jrii^tAid q.iiod prertimquc cvcntr cr naiuri. 
^ij ui advernt eptim^D.ThomA^ qu. if,~ 
ic malo atc, i; ad ii^ iicc fiicis advcrruni 
&0Bnu11t modcitii pUudcDtcs iiQdifcrimi** 
Datim ac pcrnicios^^ Pacii Granado» circa^ 
&bUgatioBcm legh ccflkaccm ccflaiitc fi«^ 
HC lcgis.. • 

Hseciaciacft opciroa) cHf tamcnminGt 
ccnfpicaa, quam qua; priiis <icduda cfl ci^ 
D. Thcxma : tumproptcr.diycrfitatcm pc-? 
licuii majotis j &ymifioris, auc forec nuU 
lius mosaliccr ob difpar«fli divcrforunif 
difpodcioacm nacuralem Sc habicualcm :.- 
tum quia hoe ipfum pericolum fuadatu» 

^ taDqul^a radice &xacionc ulcima a prioii- 
ininclinacione &adhar(ionf animiad dc-- 
lc^ationcm adbus confummaci i qua ti* 
dclicct fcciufa.pcricuiuin non eifct ufque* 
adeo magnum, 8c qux rati^nc fui fccuii^ 
dJiimfcprzcisccflgraTiterdcformis. Qaa* 

^. i^cio^ fcikttli clk m^v mu^dtadai 



5t^joj3jbusfecuodum fcj qtiae inci- 

ideo(}Ucq[iai>Tumc[lraEiaDe fiil ft* 
ftmftabf^^i tillopcctato^Tcl ctimfo- 
tiiali ^ fuat ram«a protiae id exciTaii- 
eaudcm Hbidificm Jdc*^; pe(icuIorj& 
n atpltirimumjici^ue Kiagis vcl mi- 
lcTirct vcl graTiter pru diYcrfitatt 
m£laniiaruEO> Arquc hxc fuir occ^ 
^ui rc ctuoaii doccatibti^f ttvitfttcim^ 
nx inr^vcncrci. 

Tut autcm boc habcat, ratio inccoEa 
[minis eflmaDifel^a cx diiplci difcitr^ 
peiiori* Quiapairjrnocujncntaj^qui* 
cDiali^er pcccatur, itifcruacurabfque 
UrioJ^cfa m^^^no DocumcatOj& abf* 
fiagaopericuU illud inteoclendi per 
cxcqucndi. Nec a^us parv» iBJa* 
: ica {liRiuIat animuas ad magnanv. 
titiam, nec augetycr fc, fcd potius. 
itappecicumijijufl^agsjndiprotunc». 
Dficumautem huiusaccidic in pUTai 
latioac vcncrca- 

idc pacct rcfponfib ad primam fiip«- 
» probationcm conrequcocis. Qui», 
^xquo cft contra<fla addiiFcrentianit 
inofac, jam eftconcra<Sla ad difFcrca*. 
magnx turpicudinis>uc ollcnfum cft. 
. Yjidc ^iias dc&aix cfftUVvd'\^o^^ v. 



^uam iccif i^: tflcpatvi. Dimisutio itr* 
leni fotumiiarindim^rcnclbustd pa.[vum tc 
RitgQUEn potcf^ dcTCBire td p^Fvic^cin. 
Qj^ dc caufi n«c In mAceria iuHiitiz po^ 
ttii cfTc vcQklis ex pa.rT itAie marcrijr a dHa 
iDJufla canjicicjts in exctcmam Dcceilita- 
tem, Sccnnda cdm^^acio noi fiibiiUic ft 
Udus fic libiciinortiSjtca vcaciiiUSj fi noii 
ficaoD tic»icur paifras. Ad^, flc 4^ prob^ 
tioacm.. Noq a^cricur omna peccaiutn 
contta caflicarcRi e0c lechilc> fcd iDltim 
«(Tcicilulcmomncm dc]e£taii04em vca^* 
fcam. Quia cje fuji r^tijonc e(k quid m^ 
gciuin t& Tiiip.oppofitO} icque tiu& pcr^ • 
Biilfie^siiccctam piQkibino {oltiTxi (ub vc- 
niali rcd^cret difficitiorjtmconrccuEiorTcnb 
Tictt xccrnsc. Quoi noa ^ccidlc iu pirro: 
oocumeacQ iAJdfio». Qua: iuo paccac tz 

QyjESTio xvnr. 

Ttrum fuftitia psrnctdsris diyUdtttr indl^ 

JiribuHvam tji^ commutstivMtn tsn^am^ 

lenns in J^eciei } 



V. 



IntT ▼ftino&fi<:diTidi(cdtafrqttaiH' 
/ubje^lam iii ^ccvdcatiavvel eao^uam; 



tiyarc^<lir jtis fmim priv^t^ petLOfiac,at* 
que mottTam ad i^ pra^ftaQdum cflj ul 
iavetur insrfum jus cjufilem fii^xix per* ■ 
foD2>uii}ueJiabeariabobis, ijuantuni ip& 
deWctLii; Eie;^ urraque lutlina cODveniC 
incaroc6 quodpcrrixiet ad lacionem for- 
inatcm U IpcciScam juflitix ur liqucr cz 
cjusdeEaitioDcexpoficaiiiquxfl, %* Quoi 
Aurcm bonum ad cjudd^rermTaarur ralc j uf» 
£t communiEatis vcl privitJC pcrfoiXiefl 
quid pure maierblead racioDem iutiiEi^ 
pciiu4(! acque cftqtjid matcrialc cflx bo- 
j}um perfoQsr ccclcfififlicv aut fsculaiisf 
]publicx aui pnv&rse. 

^. Dl^nitjs perfouarirm, ^^^^ rerpicit 
jufliUiidilhibutiTajfLiQdaturiu mtrin«4t 
laboribus carum impcnfisRcipublic2,ita 
uc Refpublica cancum wc ctoicuique de 
bono communKquancum tpfe conculerac 
rcfpcdlucjufdcmbonJcommuni. Hocau- 
tcm cft propfiium juftitia commucativas' 
confticueacis xqualicacem incer dacum& 
accepcum, ic confiderantis digntcaces jpet- 
fonarum quaccnus danc & func bencEcx. 
Quod vero exercica erga plurcs, cjufmodi 
compcnfatione> inde refulccc proporcio- 
nalicas incer dignicaces fingulerum, &\<^v 
Bogulis obvenieaccSj^ cft q^uid accii^tvtx- 

UMtC 



iiQm^& potclt ftmiliccr cvcaire etiatft ii». 
commanicacJotiibtjS, qux fiant jLTterpri* 
tarispcrfona^tii mmiiliquis comiit^tio-^ 
Acftf^^dacciiEn.mtjhis tantuadem rcddcut. 
fi ngu USi, q uin c u m ab ci fdcm ac cc p cta e i a c* 
qi)ciaaeqiiaUce[I*bo£;^QribHs ifi vinca foU 
facftlpcndia/tmiUtei ia^qualia* 

j . Re fp u bU ca cuan s g u bcr a aiof cm Ct* 
^icatis^autjDuccm cArcicm, ££ fic dc E* 
iuiUbuEj quei proeuldubio eflj opiii ju* 
ftirix diflributir^, co ipfoo^tigactlcC^oi 
vt fiingaDCUiibismiiDcnbtis inbanu com? 
iBUiiCjcaqiic dc c^ub fo^ctuUra honorcm 
ftdJerc {tipcnditim, QbligattDittJtem ^- 
^uiiraler opcn in contradtibus+ Dat«r«-' 
£o manifcBc in Dpere propriifTimo j^ftiti jc. 
diflfibucirae^ lequilitas pcopria juflitijT 
comucitivjc.noEi fcncuiy tc dacuriatcr coii'- 
ducencem opcc^||ips ia Tincani a&iicipac;tv 
folucione» eofd^nique operarios obUgatoS^ 
ai Uboraadufiv« asqualicerfiye ina?qua<r 
licei. Ideoque. Fccipieoces^pcAiia iiYt 
aequaUa. five iaarqtMltt^^. 

4..Si diftnbfMcio1>oaornm communiuin' 
fiac quidem-ferv^tra pFoporcioAead digni- 
lAtes flngulofum ffiinime c&cneo congru« 
JMices ilH bonocum gencrij quar unicuiqut 
jribuiiiirur/czg* fi^acuto & fapicvtij led- 



prxficiatiir fchol*, & iic de aliisi eo ipfo 
'^ilhibutia eiie ixjjufla, & nc>ii bIu profe* 
^6 titi«»e,ni£ qui4 fervaia ejufhio^it di- 
goiiatum & rtiymproporiionc, (t\i poticf 
improporiioaenon poieft Rcfpi^blica re* 
cipcre cancum boQam qu^jitum tiibuir» 
ticc pofTutK id i\\\id prj;flandum valicii£ 
cbltgati perfon» taics-habcntes qnidem 
dij^nicatcm, ^uapnremiaeaQtcactcris, fa^L 
»on fccuaJum quod ipfum. Erg^ dillri'- 
tutio bonorum comuniam, cGmmunircI 
atiiibuca jufliihcdiftribucivxt^t itt }Dfla# 
iieccil";irii includit rm fe a;^uaUratfm in- 
tcr datum, & acccptum propriam jufti- 
xis commtirativar. 

5. Dcbitor habcns multos crcdicorcs 
tjuantiratum ina?qualium> Jc don potcns 
pmnibus ajquaUccrfatisfaccrc, ut folvat 
tjuantum potcil ex dcbito juftitiar com- 
mutatiyx^ nccclTciiabct atrcnderc, juxra 
normam juftitrai diftribucivx , quantuia 
xuique debcretur abfolut^ ; hoccftijuan- 
ta iic dignicas fingulorum ad fua boDa>y 
^atquc dcpcndeater tb ifta comparatio- 
Dc (ingulrs proportionahrer diminuet dc 
-gujntuatc, qux ibfblutd dari debuif- 
icne. Ita iride]icer>tat fi crcdicoriccDCufti 
%ixxQ9ium dGBtfit quiB^uaginu, cte^i- 

tXkU 



i 

tt+ §Hij^h XVIIL 

totl quintfnagiata aitieorum deatur vi« 
gtfiii quLDqiiCj 3c Cc dc limiUbus. Haud 
«Htcr ^ui eindem ad^ioDcni iia 111110^^01 
cJceKuit tdvcrru« prin^ipcmj^c plebqumi 
aUpam y. g. urTi«|uc impcgit i dcbccatieti* 
^crc ad eoium ^iignitacesj pio facisfaf^ioac 
juftccihibciada. Nec euiai juftc fatisfa* 
ciccj didcmpcxjliteiiierga atxumqucjioii ^ 
habicar^cioDcdigniiatiscorum, Etcamea i 
cz ompium fcEitQnda in hi& calibits fQlo.'* 
tio Sc racisfa^iofuat opcia juflitix com* 
muraciTx cum Dorma 6c modo difiiibli' 
rirx« Ergo juflltiA dilliibutiTa doh difi* 
feitacommutativa, niti accidcttcaliterpei 
«djunO:am compataciofiem necclTaiiaTa 
f lo actiagcudo mcdio juRiiia: coEnmii* 
Utivac. 

4S. Juftitia difl:tii>uciva noQ refpicic ia$ 
pr9pric5c flmpliciccr calc» fed cale fecuii- 
«Liiin quid> & impropri^. Junitia cnim . 
diftribuciva refpicic bonum commuiie»Q( 
dividejidum dagulis civibus. Bonum aa^ 
temcOjSimuncnoneftproprium eius dmr 
f\icixcic\ii confercur>ancequam confera- 
^titr* Alias namque non efTec bonum com- 
muBC ancequam diftribuerecur> fed parci- 
culare^ £cg& iufticiadiftribuciva non dajE ' 
^cnicuiau^ius fuum. £rg6 non cft fpcf. 



p 



m 



^ 3D* d$vijt*n§ fuffktA itf 

7. Bonum cominuDc> nec criatn pcft"' 
|uam ctiilfibutiimcft alicui pajrEicuhri, iie 
DmaJQD propiiam if fmf. Qriia fidn ob- 
ftancc diftr^buuotic ictiMicnir adhuc 2IU 
quatenus a commuaicatc^ucpoccrctinen- 
tes fcttpcr ruain ju$i quaatum ipnus ia- 
ccrcfl, OfHcium ccciiim Gubcinaioiii^ 
Pucis, Cuflodi^&i:. iej cil propriil com* 
fnuniutisi.nEc^uam dccui pcrlbpx-paiti-^ 
cuUtijUtpoftqutin daturo ilHcR, cadcoi 
pftfona lationc of!ic;i iic fpccjalitcrr dc- 
Tinfla & obligata cominu&iEatij babeoEi 
nimirum juSiUtidcmofHciumnonminus* 
Tedmuk& magisquam aficcainrciviiccjuf 
ucilicacii ficut domus & agcr inreryiunc 
uciliracibuscjus^cujusrunc. Ergojufticia 
diflribucivajncquedacfimpliciccraliauid/ 
ceque jusquodrerpicit efl unquam inuni 
(implicicerejus^cuircddicurjidcoqueaoa 
«fl juflicia fimpliciccr. 

8.|6odum commune dabilcakfque tn« 
jufticia unicuiliber ez mulcis, cujurmodi 
fuDcpIuraboia rcipubiicxiBpluribusca* 
iibusnon efl proprium ullius ex iis^qui« 
bus aon datum efl de fa<5bo» ncquc ancf» 
ncque pofl diflxibucioncexccucionimaii- 
dacam« Ergo nequc erac proprium eju^ 
cui de fado datum cf^.anccquameidare- 
cui; qui yideliccc ci4Joj\ific9i^^i^^\u«'* 



Tiircccrgonoii crtc dc nitione juiUti* di- 
flributivA*, uc lier unicuiijtic jui iuum^ 
' idtroquc ipfam AoncJle rpc^itm iuAicht 
■ficnpiicECer, 

- R. Cclcbriiitnpiimi«cft,& maximi u- 
<usiiiTifioiufliria;ni diflributiva 8c conl-- 
innraiivimi communis earum ctpofint» 

^a<jua 11,1^1. art. i,Sci. adfrnbit iufHEl* 

idiftributivac a^qualiratcm proportioaali- 

^itiSj rcu prbpoicion^liiacem i&Ecr rcs> ic 

^perrona&* Nimirum ucJIcur fe habec di^ 

^ ■gtiitasuEiiusperroDa^s ad dtgutrarem alcc- 

lius pcrfonxjha fe-habcat res collar« utfi 

'y^*'^^'*^ ^^ ^^^ co[]atam aitcri petrooae, . 

'}uftici£ Ycro cou^mutariYa; adfcrtbit sr* 

■-^ualirat^m prcipoTttoni&, fcu proporcio- 

" iicm intcr rcjfccundum fe uulla hablca r*- 

tione digniracis perfonarum. ^lca yideit- 

^et, uc res quac accipicur fic «qualis rcl) 

ijua; redditur. -Itaque iu«ca commuaciii 

iftam ezpofitionem iuftiri^ diftribuciTt 

xeofticiiic a^quaUcatem Gcamctricam fe- 

•cunduixi-duasproporcipnesalteram rerum^ 

«keram pcrionarum cum dependencia tl«- 

tetiasal) altera|fcu:cum fimilrcudinei nrcc 

lirnimquei quac communiccf dicicur pro« 

Ipcitrioiiali^ii Idcii ti^t^ixV^ "^1^1^^«* 



nsmjaercndcns arqualuac^^maoD fccunda 
^ oantitatt ^ati & acccprijled iVcun Jti pro- 
pocEioiic^s. Jaftiua vcro comutatiTacoih- 
tuic Jt:qiialir;ir^arjthmeticareiadiem, hac 
l^ra^ci^t artt:Qdru3j, ur ^uinca. citrcs data 
^ ab u n Oj can ta /i r rcs dara ab al rerc> 

Qarc juflina diftribtitivaverratttr iatec 
' quatuDiut minimum ter^g^iaosduasnimt'- 
rum rc&j £c d u as pciroiia s 5 ^ hoc efH ci r, Mt 
£ digaicas pqius iic ut oClo, aique ics iili 
(follataiitucquacuor; Digiiitasvcr^ihe-^ 
lius fit uc quMuor, c6 ipto rcs collata ci^ 
demfiiutduoi ic £c delimiUbus* Atjii* - 
fliiia commu^tativa verIaiurf<)rRialice£iii« 
tci ciuos tetmiaos pisecisij nctnpeduasresy 
^ hoc cfficitj ut fi vendcns> t. g, dec e- 
quum valcntcm ccntum, accipict ccntum. 
ab emptore. Quia Vcro fola bona com- 
munia coDferuntur per juftitiam a com- 
munitacc fingulis pcrfonis cjafdem com- 
muniracis priori oiodo: poilerioti autcm. 
^bona (iugulorum ad inviccm, proptcrci 
'" D.Tliemas aft.illoi. & alii^^commupitcr 
dicunc juflitiam diflribu.tivarn cffc dirc- 
divam comunitatis ad fiDgulaspctfonis> 
&ordiriativam bbni cbmunis. JuftiiiaHt 
vcro commutativam eirc dircftivam u- 
fii^^cujiifquc 'parcicularis p»foAa; r a<i 



*tt S^fi^* XV 111. 

jijiam pcrropam particularem > atqacli- 
ipcnfatiyam boniparcicularis. 

jam commuois pcobacio fpeci^caf Ai~ 
iliDiftiuniftinceruuamc^ucinam jnlbriam 
^icfumpta ci Phiiofopho |c D. Thomaa 
^cricur tx co quod jutliua diQriburira 
^coDAituic medium Geomctricum fcupro- 
portiQQUm : Anthmeucumircrofcu rcia^ 
xcm commwtaflf^, Cam qua ditFcttnti» 
coincidit ilb alia quod juiticia diilribu'^ 
tiya dat bomim conTnimiCjCommucacifa 
paiiiculatCj vctjum in hac cif ofirioaede- 
fidctaturj a^huc majorclaticas- Quiadif- 
fcictitia mcdii 'GcomctriciiA: AjiEbmeii- 
ci> vcl attcnditiir pi.a^ciiccx paite dcliberi- 
lionis intclledualis ncccflaiio prffcuntis 
adluhi uwiufquc judtiriar, v«i cx partc mo- 
tivi ad^uod ucraqucfcrtur immcdiac^i & 
piimum apparec clarc ez qufnque priori^» 
bus rationibus dubicandiiqur funt Buri- 
<iani & Cualandi, idem genus compara- 
tionis pra^vix inccllc^ualis neceirarium 
fcpc dlc ad invcftigandu, ^ confticucn- 
«lum medium jufliciarcomucati^SK, quod 
Bcceffariumcftadmcdium juftitia: diftri- 
fcuciyat. Si fccundum indidem conllarc 
^idctut nullum cffe difcrimcn . C^iiia n ul- 
lo cxiftentc difcriminc cognicionis pra:- 
fia^^iiccdlaiia:» %d ^o|;aaea4iim moti- 



nriufque jalliciar>nn11aiirpotefteflfe 
mciimedii iDCcnciper ucrimque» fi^ 
;m otttiiisdifFerencia a£luum volun- 
pen4ec tx di-fiecencia pizvia cogni* 
m^ e^ quibus pet fe ciepeBdenc. 
lod dicicordebono'Communidiftin*> 
ium fimiliccr eft, vel enim dicicut 
nune prxcise qaia eft propriu com» 
Lcacis ancequam ab eadem commu* 
e decur perlonas privacar. AcqueiioC 
fufiiciCj uc dacio calis boni excluda'» 
jufticia xoinmucaciva > uc pacec iii 
ione debici refulcantis ex contra.^il 
ionis 6c vendicionis celebraco incet 
nunicacem» & petfottam privacam^ , 
[laccaimtunc folucionemficrickbo* 
qujt ciaoc communiraci^ i & nihil- 
ms ficri pcr jufticiam commucativamy 
mque clt ratiodealiis cjufmodicon- 
ibus. Vel lurfiis fcimo cft de bonis 
ante^ poft appropriarioncm rcfpc*^ 
pcifonac privacx fcmper func bona 
munia, Htijufmodiccnfcnturcxfcn- 
a aliquerum ofiicia omnia publica» 
[uc nounulla. Atque harc vidcncui 
lullam juftitiam piopric didlam tri« 
pcrfonis privatis propcer poftcriorcs 
cationc^ dubicandi fufia ptepo^Lx^^^ 

% 



•Qupdtidcficecnullum Ac jus prppri^ di-.* 
tluiu eorum bonorum in perronis pri^vatis 
q^ibus dancuc. ^ * 

Deindc ejufnvodi cfScia, & bona» Td^ 
venduncur perfonis privatis, quibus daa- 
turiucific in quibufdamHebuspttblicis, 
Etcuncdacurpcr laftitiamcomiicacivaR^^ 
ucpacec> cum fiihil matnifefHus ad eam 
percioea^, quam 4iredio enoptionum ^ 
^•enditioisvm. Vcl »on vendanr<iT. Ec cunc 
fion yirtute juftitias fed liberalitcr dancvi; ' 
Quiaquod eftv-endibile} £ decur^ne pre* 
tio, liberalicct utiqne datur, 

£x iis porro ^mnibus fatis fnpetqueap*» 
parccrcmhancindi^rereattcQtaacdtligca-'^ 
ticxplicationcrqwamquidcm rcBabimuc 
adhibcrc fufficicntcm. Prxmonito tamcft 
crd omnibus diflicuiratibus fatisficri ple« 
Bidime noB po(fet, non propterca d^fcrca* 
4um cffe comraunem fcncciKiam. Cui vi- J 
delicec adharrcQt & Philofophus , & D.' 
Thomas tanqtiam fci indubitatap, utpcr-' 
fpici apud illos pofcft in locis cirati^i 
Idcm prartcrca vidctur cffc communisbo- 
miaum fcnfus, dum roale diftribucntcs 
pcrinde appcllant injuftos, atquc cos qut 
iniqu^ aguot in commutationibus, ncqu^^ 
vci5 dubitant dc magaaquadamrdifFcreti-' 
f/J> Jiircr diftlibvicaXi^lAi lc CQl^viCantem. 



/ 



2>J divifime }f$ftitkp, %f9 

Iflmrniodi auccm comnncshommufcnfa* 
fapicniJfTitnoiu prxterca certo judicJo c5^ 
jMUDHOSjHOQ licec defcixrc propccr dEfiR-* 
cuhaics irrccicDccs poriiLK quam godcIli^^ 
dcEjrcSj nccquicuQicsintcllcftump' 

Caido ijifficuliacls verricur in diflinW 
guendis inTiccm ju£Jbu5,circa quxverfa^-. 
tur ucr^que juflicia. Qui^L cUradidifidic» 
. vircutum p^tidct a didiudiope cUrainori- 
.vorum > ^ya: ilUs objiciutitun Jus porrjt 
^nad refpicii ijufliua diiliibutiva diftin«^' 
guL fp^cLC ab eqjure ad quod rcrminacur SC 
i}uo movetur jufticU commurativa» tcfti-r 
tur rcmclacqueicccum eUie Philorophus;' 
Cum eiim toco Llli^cap. j» erporuitTcc ja^ 
flum diftribuciTUm concludic in Hfie iir: 
Mtc igitur-elf una^Jpicies jufti^ Et mox 1«^ 
principio<apitis quaici, in quo agit de ju- 
flo commurativo, quod confiflic in emcn^' 
dandiscommerciis : Hoc autem^^\i,hahe0 
aliam ^eciem kfriori^ Haud alitcr D.Tho-' 
mas arc. x. ad ;. luftitia diftrihutiva air, ^* 
cx> m m Htativa nott:folu m diftinguuntu rfecun-^ 
dum unuth tir multa, fed ficundum diver^' 
fam dehiti rationem, Alio enim mododehe" 
tur alicui id quod esi commune', alio modQ 
id, quod efi propriumi 

Qina vero ibidcm adi. ifTcitur : ^ ita^ 
CHm exipnts communihta alicjfiU m fin^ulos> 



siv fy^'^ xyiri. 

ttiflrtbuitur , quHiheP ali^u» maU ferefpi4>, 
^HodfuumeJf} nonauUi cxidimaDC 7%ali' 
,mu0mod9ci{cxdd'\ium dimiouens, & figni- 
ncare fuicatein fecundam qu^d Jc ijnpro* 
priam;.afquehacracioDa« non alia dif* 
£erce jus cerminaciTum jufticiae diftribu» 
l^fae a jure cerminatiTO jufticias comchUT 
taciT«, Yerum hxe interprecacio eft iUc- | 
gicima, Ptimumquia iWidcn immediacf 
prxFercur ^od osftotiuiy quodkmmodo ojfi 
W0rtu,fifut'fMrj d^ totufit. quod^mmodofunii 
$dem, Parsaucem& cocumhabencmodttnl^ 
Identicatis, nonfecandam quid, & im« 
proptie»,fed fimpli<i]ter &.propri£*licecfir 
tdencitas cancum inadaequaca. Conftat 
4ciBde ez yerbis addudHs ad ^ licecaliui. 
aaodus dcbici- accribuacur bono communi 
9c proprio; acrique camen actribui fine 
limicacionc racionem genericam debici«. 
Sizic ergo D.Thomas bonum comteunc 
aUquo modo eife faum recipiencis^ quix 
czpo^ficio diftin^a» &l clara ejufmodi fui-* 
tacis fuiffec neceflario aliquaAco proHzior^. 
U ipfeToluic ezpedice argumencum brcTi- 
cacefolica f^bcommuni & Tu1{^ari appre- 
beQfionefuicacisboni commuiiis,& parti- 
cularis omnibus aliqoacenus oocjt. Qaa 
ca/nen nocitia quix tpcftcriores audores. 



I^lppl 



J>w divijiom juflltht sn.j. 

cirtr ufi, neceiraiiam cit aliquixl ukcriufr 
fupcraddet^. 

Diftiogu€n<iarigirar inptinii* funt tref 
cTafles bonorum comRiunium. Pximt t9i 
eorum bK^norum quar communitatis *i;i- 
rereft, oe appropricntur (iBgulis ciTiiiut' 
fcor{iai>ideoc^| legecaTetutne fecedantia 
utlam privatam perfonam.. Atqac jus <h* 
ro0e ifioriim bonorum eft qjuidem in (10* 
eulis ci^ibus inad«quate iaad«quatione 
wiris>.noi| tamen efbin (inguris diflributi^ 
I ^^, ac feorfim fumpti^j fed iii iirdem fum« 
ptis colleftive, U. ut partes funt formalitcr 
communitatis ; ita,ut nuHus civis fcor- 
fimrumprusullum adiJIa jus habeat ne- 
qucm re, ncqucadrem,ncquc yagum, nc* 
qucdetcrminatum, Qu« funt comunita- 
tis.utcommunitascftformalitcr,cidemq;. 
utrali lcx faYCtcircaillagravans iri favo- 
rcmipfiusfingnlosquofquecivcs fcorfim, 
Zc quasribetalias tam comunitarcs quam 
privatas pcrionas. Hujufmodi bona funt 
fontcs, fluvii, (ilvae caedujc & ilmiiia, d« 
quibusfimilislcr!ata fucrir.T 

S<!cunda claiTis bonorum communium 

oontinetca, quac communirarisintcrcft,ut 

foli (ingulorum civium utilicati dircftcic 

immediarcdcflincntur, utque i\V\s cotvlt- 

x^ttiur ia cum Sacm tcmpoic Q\ioAa^tcv ^^ 

K 4 vc^*^^^ 



ftcrminatO) auc in qaadam ccrca reram citr 
cumftantiaj vel ab isdigcntiam urgente 
lidla, fame» auc pcfic ^ aiii aliquo itmiii 
malo, tive univerbli omnitim, Cii^ tion 
iitiiveirali j fivcaicjuaHccr fiveinxqLiaUcer 
afEcicuci fiDguIos quofquc ; vcl uob oh 
ifjdigentiami fcd ad compcnfaQd&s labo. 
a^cSj lc mcrira m KcmpLibiicam callata ^^ ' 
c)iirqiie rein bene ^;eflam vcl dcAiquc ob- 
Jiocprxci&Cj utcivcsmeliushabeajic. Ho«' 
fum bonommiusj fiquidcm legcfaQCicuEn 
fuciitjUt vclpro mddo indi^fcri^, meii- 
tQCtimj autfoitun^ i velttoa axCi xquali-» 
teri ac indifctimiaacim omnibus appro* . 
^ricntui j eritaptid iingulo$civc«}ad rem 
quidcm antcquam fiat appropriario,t Sc 
traditioi iore>ci6poftquam tradita fuc* 
rint, & ioadae^qjaair^jion inada&quacflont 
xurit Ctitttnnn qmi^kd quancitates maio- 
reSy vel minoress aequajcs vel ina^qualcs,, 
proucRcipublicac interfuerit 3c lex (labi. 
]ietir« Si autem interfucrit quidcm Kei* 
publicas» uc ita fiar, fed nondum lex lata 
fti^tic id pdjreipiens, ius onne eiic apuil 
eoj^ipunitatcra ante patcitioneoa & tra» 
dijttotiem fingulisfadam; poftipfam ve« 
xi> apud (ingules. 
Vndt io poftecion idQ cafu lcgis oon^ 
4mn l$tK iflfayoxtm^»fe^\otwta.v:tHv\mx 



3i divjjf&jii ftffihti* 11 1 

BCclniEi pacls habeDcis vinri k'gi?, fi rius- 
modi botu diflribuiDtur in civc», Jfflri- 
btiuafa^a ciit cr niifcrtcordu niir cUaii-' 
rafc, Ci Dbindigenciam ; cx gr^ricudincj £« 
ab Jabojrei & mcrita i cx libcralicate vcL 

Eiuaqiiarn vci^cx iii(tLcid. Quia iuJtiTia*' 
cxerccii non poccOrinoo pEs^exiAcncl inre^ 
cj parce accipicniis; nec ius sKic/Icpoccfl; 
iD acciptenrcr quin pra:exi(l^c leXf qux' 
ditcdc ipll tavcatj ^i:jt:tcics gavet in fa-- 
Yoccrn ipiius, uc diAan\ cfl fiipra. 5i aa-- 
tcm lcxltCAfuertr, aui; iniciiim paffVum )ia-* 
bensvim lcf^is, cJiftributiQfi6ta ctic cx iu^ 
fticia. Fada nimirum cnc kab€ntibusiu»>> 
cx vi ciurdem lcgis>>aut pa^i includentis:» 
it\ (c Ie*;cm favorabilcm dirc«^c &-imrac* 
diat^. £x ^ua autcm iufticia fiat, pau]o> 
potl paccbit. Ail iflud fccandam bonp- 
rum communium gcnas rpCfTcant pccu- 
iii«,grana & flmilia, qnorumcumuluscft^ 
peoes communicatcm> velut in dcpofito , > 
&. cuftodia cum iure fingulorum ad illa^ 
protcmporc&loco. Eodcm,criam pciti-- 
ncc uru$fcu(^us corum bonorunii qu» xc^/ 
pftdca funt in praeccdenti claiTc.w 

Tcrci aclaffisbonorumcomuniumjqqiW 
bul maxim^ lc pcrfc convenir cfrc^om— 



»^ ft«4//# XVIII: 

niutis intereUr ut diftribuantur in cirel^ 
ob utilitatem (^aidem ipforum > fed multo 
magis» ac piincipalias ol> utiUtatem , & 
commodum ipfiiis communitatis j ita ac: 
cires <)ui iUaJotxiuncar> habeant i(uidem 
ind^ emblumentum ]^roprium, fed cum 
gravamine , & onere iBdidem<deducendi. 
Donum:pommane,idemc[) tuendi acpro* 
movendi. Hiijus generis funt oiBcia ptt«- 
btica, lchonorifica, qyfx accivibus quibus- 
<bntur,habentar quidem jpre ptoprietatis» 
&^eatenusceduntineoruindem.utilicatem. 
fimultAmen habent adjund^qm jus jurif« 
did^ionislat^yel ftrii^etaleordinatumadf 
Qcilitatem cQ»ccrorum } atque eatenas gra* 
vanteos, a quibushabentur, & iBfervittnr 
dire£beacimmediac^commodis 8c faUci? 
cari comunitatis ; ita ut non omnin6 de(i> 
Bant eiTe com4initatis propter appropria* 
tionis fadlam privatis perfonis. Vnde ju$v 
iftiuTmodibonorum aore 6c pofl eoruEa 
diftributionem eft.penescommuBitatem ». 
Bs, ejus parces; hoc cft peacs cives partiai: 
coUedivcfumptos, & auatenus conflant- 
communitatemj partim iumptoS' diftribu^ 
Civd,.& qttatenus fui quifquc juris, Sc U* 
berag facultatiteft. Verum adeft hoc di- 
fmmen ante lc poft coUationem fadant? 



in rc fit p^ncs communitatcm, & jus aJ 
rem fjt pencs pnvaras pcHiiQa-s, <|uibus^c* 
puuri pQffunri poft collatinnetii vcro i.- 
cor>tt^ jttsinreiiE pfne-spiivitJsperfoDas, 
£: jui A<j rcm ^etLCs cocnmuaitaiem^ uti 
paTjIo poft cEponriurK 

LitetiHi ut clarjtis prtcipiatur differcn» 
tia liorum poftctiotuni boaotum cornmti" 
nium ab iis bonis commtmiraii^^ Qax itk' 
prJ^cctlcAri clallc lunc cor^clura, obiervatir 
dum cfl dirrrimea in-cr tinos Trtilitcs cx^ 
pt* quorum akcr accipiar a commiinitatc 
ilipcudiuin pecuui^Tum ^^^10 laborc £c pt^- 
riculis, c|uar fubivic ia beUo proR«publi— 
ca i alrcr ve:6 eaiicrti Je caufaaccipin inu* 
nus ducis, Quj accipit ftipcndium pcca*> 
iiiarum,a(i nihil tcnetur inpoftcrum prot- 
cisc > quia talc (lipendium acccpit > fcd' 
poteft dcillo,& dc feipfo difporrcre prouc 
volcr, poteftqueretcDca illa pccuniafcce- 
dcrc a commanitatc,& cjiKCommoda o- 
mBino ncgligcrc, fi aliundc non ligctur. 
At qui loco remuncrationisobtin^uit iuu<^ 
nus-Ducis, tcnctur impoftcrum infcrviriC 
Rcipublicat, ncc porcft ab cjus commu- 
nionefcccdc rc rctcnto officio,& prxyisd 
quia talcm rcmuncrationrcm acccptavic 
pro pf.iscedcntibus mcritis,tcnctur admc- 
icniupi uheiius, Scnd prxftsL&iaL im^<i^- 



ittmpluraoUfirquiaQ^apropierpriorperi- 
mr bon o Tu D q u i n gUTetur i p oftenar cuin , 
gravaminc. 

Rurfusprior poten: fltjjeudium cjigcre- 
iurefuoi ic fiiUadticgccur jnccaliud {Mf^ 
p^iatrenicdiiim, potcft uti occuUa com- 
petifariotscPoflcEior non potcrir UEicali' 
fomecnfationcoh negatumofficium i ctfi 
iralLierit fuo quafi turc agercpoccrrt iare 
optimorcpcUia Republica cjuaccnustca- 
tansfica^crc, Quiain coUationctalisoffi* 
Ciij agituriite^Ci&inimcdiat^^ncgotium. 
peiius Kcipulilicjr> dc communkaitSs 
ouajwi^^^taf perfoiiaeT^^^ti k cojitra fe rc£ , 
hfabeatiflfoliKioueftipcncli. 

Dcniquc Rcfpublica, ut felvtt ftipcft- 
dium pccuniarium conndcrac laborcm&: 
meritumpracccdensut vcr^ confcrat offi- 
cium, confiderat magis virtutcm bencft- 
Aivam impoflerum rcfpedu Reipublica? 
4cdifpoficioaem pracfcBtcm > ut inferviac 
€ommodiscjusacceptoeodemofficio:ho.< 
€ilconfidcratdignitatempr«fcntcm,cam- 
queezpendit cz vi & drfpoiicione bcnco- 
peraBdi^acfatisfaciendimuneri defuturo. 

EztripHct idabonorum communiuot. 

divifioneliquid6 pcrfpicitur, triplez ]ti« 

jiS/fid^QgVl^^^iky^^ coruodeni. 



l^onerum. Primuin cdiia conveDietiscatj 
coEninuaificI ^mul fumpt^c , uirnailaps* 
^ocircjicaJcm boiia fuperfic ius iiiig.uHs, 
rcorf]m civibijs^ ni(i isiadjcquaTi^, & qai- 
f dcmiaadxquiino&c noAieiumj. fedipfiuB* 
tuiiif Acqu€circ3 hQcicis manifertum t(k-: 
aon pDiTevftfari juHiti^m diihibunTam^, 
fVd vel Je^^ilem j vel comnLuaitatiranii 
tanltim. Talc namque ius coaiiocc fub 
fe bon» cooccflti rub prima da^e divi-- 
fJouis, qua: trommuEitatisincctcfl, id^d- 
que le^ecayetur ^ nc diftribuantur , ncc ullL 
perron^e pafticitlaii approprientut j finc.' 
qui tamen dil^ributione } &appropriatio< 
Mic cjufque iulU eiequibititaic j pater nul- 
]um pofletfTcIocum juftittat diflribucivaed 
Controverfia igicur.folum cffc poteft* 
dereliquoduplici iure, quorum alterum. 
xcfpicitea bona, qua? communicatis ia- 
ccreil uc finguhs civibus approprienturj, 
incendcndodire(3:e, &principaliferfolam 
corum ucilitatem , &.fclicitarem , 6c rc- 
fpiciendo ad eorumdcm , vel indigcntiam, , 
Tcl prxccdcntia merita: vclftatum prac- 
fcntem non facis profpcrum : Alccrum 
Vt:r6 refpicic ca bojia , quae itidem- 
intercft commanitaris , uc diftribuaa- 
Sgx# ^. afpropricAJUr friyacis pcrfonis. 



quaDtitatelucri ^ damni , feu dati 8c ac«- 

ccpti ;a£tum partitionifipcrtineread juO:if> 
liam commurauvam.Qina cuac conftitui- 
turxquAlica& Ariihmeiica inrcr datiim j SC 
^cccptum , inter damnum &C lucrum : at-*' 
qacperfouar , quibtiiific paithio I confi^lc' 
tanLututxquAlcs c^uoad diguti^ctrm, fea 
potctlatem bcncfadivara rtrpc^la Rcipa- 
blic;c : ))oce(tnu[[a babccurtano inrqtia- 
litaii^ pcrron^rum (^uo;ii boc , du eoiifm 
O^odo ficpacritio fivcrmtxqa^ilt^i ^five fiur 
iaarqaalc^perfQn^ pcnvs ejvifmodi digni^ 
ratcm« Quam cjuidem pcrronarum> ut^^ 
qualium con^dcracioQfm ^ & ufurpacio-' 
nem obretvavitPbilofophuftaDquam pro-^ 
priam j & chara^fVeriftica iuftiriaecommu-- 
taciyar , eiufqnedidiQdliyam a diflributi* 
va« InllloiKimquecap. 4, in quo di^uiu 
eftab eo txponi ez profciTo iudiciam com- 
mutativam ,(ichabet» Infium autem^^uoi' 
ifiin commerciisteft qmdem Aquum quoddami 
^ injufium iniquum* Sed n$n illa comparA* 
thne rationum ,fed Afithmetic^. Nihil enim 
Tefert yfifrohusfrnvo deiraxerit, dnpravm 
froh0'i neque fi adulteriumprohM > anfravHt. 
commiferit fed ad differentiam nocumenti lex 
rejficit tanthm , ^ vtitur ut ^qualthus , Jl 
iffcmjuriamfacit^' iUciatittiri (^fi hitn^* 



Quare^converro, qaando anreparntio* 
Bemprasferenda eft neceirari6 comparacio> 
p.erfonarum ^ica acadiullitiamparttcioDis^ 
aeceiTe prae^^rerea iic fiflere in ipraearntn 
comparacione^ &- »on infubdadir inde 
qMancicacelucrt & damni>.daci, &;iccepci;, 
parcitio pertinebic ad.juAiriam diftribuci* 
>am. Quja cunc non confiicuicui cqtiali'*' 
tas Arichmecicxincer dacum & aqcepcumr 
inter damnum 6c: lucratn : fed' asqualitat 
proportionalisj 9l G^omecrica incer dirni* 
cacesfingulorum » dcbona^ngulis<olkratf. 
Qu^d inde magts demondracur ,quia£cac 
in przcedenci comparat!onennlla Kabetucv 
zacio inxquaVitatis pcrfonarum immcdia- 
c^>ica in comparationc ifla poderiori nul- 
la habecur racio in^equalitacis iBtcr id: 
quodexigicurex partc accipientis» icid^ 
quodeidem datur, fecundum fe, fedfiTe 
muQus fit Aritkmerice xquale digtiicaci, 
fivenoniir, dummodo eadem & arqualil 
fic proportiointerdignitatcm , & mtinut 
unius; atqueinter dignicatem , &munul^ 
alcerius , parcicio exic jufla. Yndeprovenir, 
ucidemmuDUS quod nno cempore dacur 
3u(l(: digno uc o6to , alid cemposc decur ap<^ 
qu^juflc dignoucquacuor cancum prop- 
ter univerfalem imminutionem digav\.x«^ 
fusn cMysaitmum feifoius» iute\ ^v^ii 



cijttfthia>occeirceA: ut cpmparec <iig;»!j' 
tatcm uGiuB cum dignicace ahcriusi oonr 

»ten) OGCumetiu > c]u«d llnguli pafntiinrj 
^c petind* pcr a£tum iuflitia" intendit ^- 
qualitatcm non cum digoitatCr. ii;dcun\^ 
&QCumeflCo, caiiHiuar^uilicaspiovcDeiAl 
fx iQxqualicare di^Qitatmn,, 

Un^ctarBetU prijiceps amitcjrit Priud-* 
patum j Sc plcUei u£ etim oKri n u cti 1 1 q ua a^ 
doreipfacxhLbetur r^ci^fAil^io^ plu£uihi- > 
Jominuscthibcndumcflrpci fciJH cjui faic' 
Pritic£psccmpareiniuitx iliata: ; quimei»^ 
q.ui fuitplebeius. Quod profc€to nequa-r 
quamHcrct, fiatteDdciccur immcdi:ite id., 
dignicaces* Quucuncamifia , ^clacquifl* 
tidigQicateamittcrctiiifimuJ 3 tcI acq|ui' 
rerecttrius ad majorem compenrationein». 
Similiscflcoaiparatieucperrepitcr^inrec. 
credicoresinarqualiumquancicacum ,qux. 
f rxfercnda cd: ^ntc iblutioncm i debicore. 
impotenteroUcrccucn xqualitace abfola-- 
tarciadTcm Simtlii^i^idcmcfl comparacio. 
intcr ro^iosiibiinviccmobltgatos cx con-- 
Cra^u Socictaps cipOBencibiis fingulisiB* 
x<{ualcs ^uancicaccs, at^uc incer aliot^ 
cjufmodL 

£ conyerfo is ad quem percinet ao«' 



ftoris, Sc £n\}]ii i nfccfTc qujdcsnAmilircc^ 
c(l ut CQmparanonem i&ftjcuai inrer dU 
^niracescatum perfoiiarum^ iDtcr quasfa-^ 
cicndd cid clei51i0 ; aon titnza, ue indcfub» 
4ac:it{^ua[itit4i:efiobrequioruvt ,,aucilio- 
Tum bi>noruTn j ^u^quifque cotiiulit Iti^ 
jlcmpublifam >iucobligandu«cft id con- 
fcrcDdum, uEi|iic c<>i3fli£Uic xqtialititcair 
iciactrcni initcdaium 9c accepcusi, inter 
4amjium & luaumjXei ut £ftat la ipfadi- 
'gQttaiummutuaproponione ex partceli- 
£ciidoxum t ddenque; ptopoiuonj aliaim 
limilcm propanioncmcoQftiiuac ofHcio* 
ru,qiix unicuiqacconFereiimi*Icaucquol[ 
cuiquc confcrtuxi ^vcmaju5« £?c tniaut». 
corrcrpoQdeaccuiufque digoicatifiTcma- 
Jpri, fiYeciiiioxi, Bullaliaibica ratioAC as- 
qualicaci$ incer digQiucem cujafqae fe- 
cundumfe> &officium qued illi confer* 
tur fecundum fc, fcd folius apqualicacis. 
incerpropQrcionesdignicacum con^enicn- 
tiumfinguliscum omciisa qua; £|iguli& 
conferuntur. 

Exhisapparec, qiiaado Btcefle eft prx^ 
ferre comparacionem perfooarum aBte par». 
ticionem bonorun;i> icaurad jufliM&tn pac« 
cicionisdon ezpediacfiftereiB ipfa com- 
patione perfenarum & digBicacum*ip* 
Hb cojiTCMJeAtiiimt fcil in U\)!i%&2L\t^^^^ 



iitouc {□rcrTiiBt eocuDdciTi milifari pfti>* 
tiarij GmulUnacn difc^c iDfc^rviapt ucili'- 
raticommuaiftcque hocfTius ficpiiiicipa^ 
lin&i liceruHtim<^iicdirc£V^, flc imir.ediar 
iciatendiiuii idcoqueconfidcrciui digrti^ 
lasftngulonimnDn foliim fccundtim mc- 
licai fiitjculos prjcccdentcs, fcdctiamft 
inuhQmagi&ntioDc dirporincQis bcnrfiF' 
Cjc ia futurum rcfpc£|:u Rcipublic^ pec 
fiercirium , Sc ufumbojzicommunitipjl* 
Apptoptiiii* 

Eliautcm fatis obTia ratio tontroTCf* 
fcndi 4c dubuatidi dc utraquciuH^o iDvi- 
<em & cum luftitia Ailltibuciva collato. 
Qttja utr^biquceCl: QeficfTatia comparacio 
peifonarnm ic rcrumj ut pariitio tttnm Hit 
lufl^ , datur ctiim utrobiquc aliquoti vc- 
ilimt ^cpropriumius in perfonii prit atii 
jcfpeduboni comicuais, quarcisuE ipds 
ftpptopiiaDdi; Vtrobiquc cnim datur les 
paiticiotiisbonoTum commuuiun:^ tnuci* 
llracem pcifnparum privacarum fivcas 
diretftc , &immediaic commodis » & utiit' 
tati ipfifumiQuorumalccruni, ncmpehoo 
poftcrius vidccut, fuf{Tcere« ut diflributio 
liatei: juf^icia proprie 3^ fimpUciter tali^ 
iiTpi>ct rcfpicicnteiusaccipicntift propri^ 
>Jt"/JmjDjic(cci tak» Mteisimftc^ , ccmp^ 
iJluAu, ui vi dccttt tmiVimi^SLw^fc^^x ^\-. 



I>f Mvijthnt jufiitiit . 1 1 S '^ 

lltibutio ttOD fiaccx jafliuacommntACtvap 
ftd tz tJiftiiburiya; obfcrTaACe jnJiniruim 
pToponioncm pcEfouarUfTi accipiciicium 
carti £m;)i rerum colbtanim pt^poctioiic^. 
Vngiturh^cirtoriini bonocum& iuri- 
um fimilicudoqtizfaic tou piocul dtibi» 
c^ufa xqui?oc4tio[}is , & diycr^ratis fcn* 
tcptiaruoi » magift dcclaretuj; «c ititrofpi- 
ciaruri difltngacti^a prartcrca cftj cam D* 
Thomnrt. 1* ciratoad|, daplcx tccc^* 
ras adhibcxidi cotnpatarioaemdfgnitatis 
pcrfoaarutnj uc fin^ulis dctor , qu^ntuni 
f cctinet ad ipfoi. ALia nami^ue cotnpar^ci 9 
djgQicacis pcrfoparum i^iliiuiturj ut pct 
MUai inoocefcac afqualicas Arichmecica. 
incerdamnum lc lacrumrefpedlu (ingulo- 
rum , & non uc fiffacur ia ipfa dignirarie 
fccundum fe>acque illi ptoporcionecar.fcu 
adjeq^uecur,qtt9d (ioguli&dandum eft. Alia^ 
^er6comparacioinfticuicuradhoc folum, 
uc ionoccfcac proporcionali» correfpoa* 
dencia rerum addignicaces,ucq; (inacuritl 
ipfadignicace fccundum fci & iHi immc* 
diac^ proporcionctur , arque adxquecur> 
quod iingulis dandum eft. Res haec ftcc ma- 
nifefta iifdcm illis cxemplis » qur fupcrius 
produdta funt adverfus Tcram fencenciam* 
Si quiscnim impadaalapa offtxiAu^^tv^-r 
cyj>c/n ip flebeiam i ut fam£a»c\3LV w!\«^^ 



l 



M\t mH£fih XVII L 

facicET^la efl puEciEJO^ & vice verfat^uosl 
upotertipor^ jiatum fuit iuHc digiio uc 
uacuor, alio^mpoicnoDf oeenc dari ju* 
c j pi Q d ig u p ut u&o prop ccr con rriri u m 
augmefltuna digiiitacum. Eadcm Ticifli- 
Tudocodem &iTLulEcmpore coAtiEigercpe^ 
tcfk tn divciii!i rcbuspublicisj imo ^in ci> 
dtm qvtosed ^iVerf* gCPcr^^munCTum di^ 
0Tibucudpt:uq|c2i>cnMum direr£generii 
'digflitatern T^ t-im beiicfa^ivam rtlpciTri* 
JEleipubli^a; ia re chili^ &nilicari , Bc fia 
'jcaiii5jUt(jJuirquecoArid{L[aDdo£icilcde- 
prchcndcr* 

Hincjam concladicur ius^ coDTrDieDti 
priTans^pcrfonis rcfpcftu illorum boDo«^ 
x»m commuuium j quorum 4ivifio ordi- 
nacurdiicdc j $c imuicdijrc^ijirolam utili- 
't4tcai^& commodum fin^ulcriimfeorfim^ 
civiiin3j eft^ue proprcrea facicuda jujcu^ 
iiienruramind]g^nn)£> &ucabfc<^uiorumjt 
&merit*rua3 prxejcirtenrium ,fcaobiiga* 1 
ttoBLscapraeflEandi i vel £{)iialircrer>ii]t-p' 
%m tihCqat ulU tali com^aracione* Cqsx^ 
'{^ludiiuricquam Kludius pcrtiDcrc ad ju- 
'nirUmcomrauraciv:im j arquc per tpfam. 
*HDicuique illuii rcddip Etquidem quaud^ 
'(iiv i fi Q fa cicn da cO: om d i b us t n co m mu »1« 
rjfc coorturis indifcrrLminanm > & cum 



r 'gfiiH -obryenlmitiin ', ret cfl lifcfba* 
Quia znnc BunaeflDccedariaeompaiatio 
pcrfoDarum, flnrcrum vQeccoDfficuicurx^ 
qualitas ptopoicioDilifacis » kd qualis 
eaulo antc ailignacaflt^ rhilotVphn jtt- 
Aitixcommunirarivx iumpcfspctloDi&iUt 
jJTQcfisiJiqiialibus, KcciDinus ihaBifcfla 
rcscidcmeft, quandediTi^o f^dcudicd 
juita meufuTam , bborunj , m'eriroium, 
autobligationis.Quia cuucficquidem an- 
teccdcntci compiTacio pcrlonarum: uotx 
tafncn ucintpfaimEncdi^iicfiitat ^ftus di- 
ihibncndi i fcd ur inde fufeducjturquan'* 
masprrtiDcnsad aaumiiucmqut, & con^ 
Hiruarur a:qualitas Anclimcnca inccr da^ 
tum 8c acccpnimjttr liquct cxdifcurru>qui 
xnodo pra:mii]usc(t, 

Idcm oftcHditur dc paiticionc facicnda 
juxta menfuram indigcntia:, QiuatUDC 
etiampra:mictiturcomparatio qnoad in- 
digcnciaSjUt inde dcducatur qnantiras 
miicuiqucdcputica aRcpublicapcrlcgcna 
partitionispcrindcoinnino acquc di^ium 
c(t ptarmitti comparationeminccrcrcdiro- 
res inxqualium quantitatum & fo- 
cios incontra^ln noaccrialircr inafqua- 
li. Ncceft difcrimen,ni(i quodcrcditofi- 
bus,&fociiscottvcniciu$cxrcbus -dati%&. 
rr/;^ifri5yCirii7j;$4UCandigei\ub\i%ci^^- 



{tutatione, & lcgecomfnunlEarid. QiJJp« 
.^cckpucatio ipra,>6c prima volttntasdjn- 
de0 i iJi oikH jt^fl L15 j uKui jc paici c ul a^ i Sj fci 
juihcijf legalis, autlibcralicam aacal»'- 
CiU&fimiUs virtuiis. 

Acvcto iuscocvcntrris fiagulU civibttl 
ycfpc^tu boQorum commumum qcar in 
tctttamcbflem conj«£la iupE , & quorum 
p3itttiop«:tinet dircdc>3i: immcdiatcDoa 
lolum, aJ utiliutcm coiuudcm civiuni 
fcorfim 3 ied ctiam , 3c mulco inagis ad «ti- 
litaccm & commoJutntotius cotijuD&im 
conkmuDiuns » caqucpropccr patticio to* 
xum facicodac£l)ux!a gtadum dighicitis^ 
fcu virtutis bcucfadiv^' conycnicnEis uai* 
cuiqucrctpcflukcipublica'. Hociiit|uam 
ius nen pertinecadjuflitiam commutaci* , 
yam, (rdad diftribtiriTam, atqueperip- 
famed unicuique cribuendum» qu»ddc« 
hct cribuirationecalisjuris.Quia cunc noa 
praemiccicux comparatio incctdignicaces^ 
Zc condiciones pecfonatuin ex una parce,^ 
ferum4iftri)»uendarumcx altera, uc ind^ 
fubducacur ae<]ualicas Arichmetica rciai 
lem inter dacuni , & accepcum i incer dam« 
Bum & lucrum; fed ucflltacuriQipfacom- 
paxacione, &pera£lum, quo fitdiftribu- 
rjo>incendacurpcrfe, acque confticuacii} 
mq ualictsO Mmtu^ift.m^v^t:vCv.^% ^'& 



f ^al brum » ^ muiicf aiingalss collai ft. 

Inter ha?c duo Jurium gencra > qux fun* 

danturin natitra bQnorum cootentoruia 
• in dupiicipoiteiiori eorum elaflei obfcr* 
- vandam pirKtcres cft: diligcnwr dilVnnfica 
^uoddamjiimaQrcinrinuAtynT i aimiium 
; . quodprimum iHud ius affcrens diie^}^ 
folum (iogulorum fc<^r5mcivium utilira- 
cem , efl^d^quAfc penes £o(dcm cives Te- 
4)rfimacdiftiibunv^tS fampcos ada:<juari%* 
isejuri^jCiiflenccinad^quanonciblum ez 
pauccumiili &: icrminiboooiumdiTideQ- 
^hnum. PoltcriusTcrH& ius devinciepsiibl 
^irc£lc tttihtatcm tum fio^ulcMum fcorfim 
xiviumf ttim totiusiadiiriftmcommupi- 
tatiscflparnm pcncs commuoitarcm jfett 
f»enes onnnes civcs fumpcos colledVivc par- 
tim pencs (ingulos^ivcs fumptos fcoifini 
fcudiliributivci &pcrtinctad utramquc 
ifiam partem ioadarquate iBada^quationc^ 
iuris. Qua-proptcircddenspnus lus fatis- 
facitfolis privatis p^rfonis, quibus bonii 
diftribaic ,iifdemqu€ folisefiiniuriusqui 
fnalcdiflribuir ,^ pec^arcontralcgcmdi'- 
flributioois ? rcdJcns vcio ius poftctius fa* 
tistacittumiifdem ,tumctiam communi- 
tati , & utrifque ellinjuiiuS qui pcccat iu 
dirtributionc. Ratio hujusdifcriminiscftj 
^uiaiusj^rojjxicratisj dc ^uo fo\o^?j^t>3Li> 



m4^ S?^?^* XVI 11. 

ridet adlius indc proTcaicus, &c cui Itx * 
fatcc quoid caatlem utrlitatem>ii[liquct 
czqii^fl.3. Dit5li!maiicem modo diuti'* 
ht^ccm proTen^entcm cx bons& rccurtd^ 
claflisj qua; boni icfpi cic ptimuaa iutis ^jc-p 
cus pcrtincrc tolum ad frngulos reoriim 
civcs» iiftiemque lcgem patucionis tVvm 
diredc; poltL^riu^ vrrci lEiisgctitiSTtriari 
circabon:! tcrrij;cU0]S ex quibus utiliiAS 
ditedlcfc i^mmcdiarc rcdQadac indivifinii 
tain in fingulcs fcoifimj rum in ccmmu- 
nirarcmj atque utrififTic legcia parciciopls 
jndiTifim fiTfctc tiirc£t'<;. ErgQ dircdmc« 
datani eft lcgi[]mum, ^ 

Exiflaiftorum duoium i^num dlftiii*- 
tTtiooc dctitici pdfTunc lcgfnmz & clatK 
^cHninoDcs utrtur^iie itiltici^e. Jaftitift 
jijmque diftribun>a cd vinm unksttqm 
trihtfens jtt^ pMrfifn colh^M-^feu indi^vtjim 
cum aIHs , partim difiributiv^ , feu ftarfm 
jTiuni, CommutativaTerA cft virtus ur^i" 
euiifj trihuins^im aJji^tifite fuum difrthu'^ 
tivl feu f€6rfm. DcfiQitioflcs lilaf Timccfi 
c^ dijfli^i fuis confpicus: finc , rcddeactif 
tamen cbriorcs muhc^] ac firmiotes aai* 
itTadTCcfa convtrcibilitace, dc rcali earum 
couTcniicaria, cum cipoltiieDibus fiX" 
mi/IJs iQiito Qux(!t. ^i. ^VvSl^tia^tk<> ^ 



\ 



I 



\ 



Df divtjt^ff* jiijlifi/tt J4E 

Phnofnphus ajcbaCjjuihriim didtibu- 
ttTam cile ilbmj cujtis abjcclam e(t mc* 
diam Gcometncumi & qux coaftitait 
aqujlitatcm Gcomccric4ra> Ctti propor- 
tionalefn, Sc inccr propotti*iics; comoiii*' 
citivam vcr5 c(rccj.m« cujusobjcdum cH 
mcci^iim Arithmcticum. $c qujccopdituic 
aequaUcatcmArJthmccicjtm, feu^^uanric^*- 
Tam tci ad rcm. Ratio aucem cx qua pro- ' 
vcnirharc diTcrfuis cHj quia quaado jut^ 
aliquotl nou etl rchtivufi>3d jusakeriurf 
jHiqucconDCium» Ced fimplcx, &c uriicui' « 
qac fivemuUitudini fivc pcrfsQspiiviCje 
feorfim abrolutc, & fecUDdum (c couve* 
nieusi uihil ncce£(eefl compararioue&Far 
cerc immcdiitd, ur fatisfiat ralt juri, Sa-» 
tislicenim, fi illi abfolurc&fecundum fe 
ada;quarur Arichmetic^ quoad id quod 
datur. Quando auccno jus cft coTrclaci- 
"vum, & cflcntialitcr conft|^o(itum, acquc 
hcccrogcncum quoad fuasparces ncccflc d 
convcrfo cffc, ut fiaCcomparatio immcdia- 
tcperadlum jaflicia?j dcc nidproporcio- 
tiali arqualicate fatisfieti illi pote(l|Ucpa<^ 
cec. Taliaautcm jura ezprimuncuriflde'^ 
finicionibus daiis. Ezprimuncur erg6 ra- 
dices, & rjfciones a priori corum, qux dicit 
Philofophus, & danrurprardic^ica sonvec^ 
ribilia ie:iUtcr, cum Ariftotelicis» 



D^ Thomasdocebac iudidaxn^ilhilMl. 
tivam cflcdiicfViTam comtiQicatisad pcr* 
fttnas ptivara^>3c ordip.iiiram boxii com- 
n muEiis : comniurativim vcro cffc dircdi- 
T^m peifonjc pnvaEa; ad pcrfocam ptiva- 
um, & orditianvani ^uni paEciculatis, 
Qu^odproft^^ pcriB^iccflarquc diccrcja« 
flt[idm<liflributivaffkc(rc><^uaf rr^^com> 
potjiilu^scoiDmupiratiSjCum juicpcifonic 
pnvaiaf refpcdu ciuidem boai^ 3: icaor- 
<iiuac bonum conixniine j ut iimui atqilc 
HidivifimconlulaCi cum ptivatae pcrfoti*! 
ciitt^ tommanitati. Qvi^dd non fit, niii fa- 
tisfaticndoindiviCm utrin((juc iuri* Si- 
milittr comr^vuc^tivam Hrcdtfeit^vain iti 
pcsfoni^pri-vatK.t aJ perfcfnarn pnvatam,& 
ordinaiiv^m honi particularji ; perindecfl 
att|uc commurativam eilc, t^uac tatisfacic 
j\iviprivaTa:priloQa;icotlimt& fccundum 
ic dando jlli bmmm fuuiB patcicularcjfi- 
vc hoci^em bonum aotcctdcDtcr fuerit 
communit3ns,fivc oon f<'crit i fcdpiivi-^. 
t* p crfo nx. H o c cn i m D I hil rcfcr c f or ma- 
liicr 3ii raiioncm juftKiji\ 

KempcnomincbotiicofnmufijsfimpH- 

ciccr& abfolute proiati tnreilt^itur^i^uoi 

ycrfcj&cifuatiatuta eftbonum commu* 

^iiacisi atc habcrc, aut darc potcfl njR 

^mmiailitJktiaut^ui^^vu^aGQaamconi- 



dntDitatis, & lubcc ia ie facultatem cjut 
prnpiiam, & quod noti «mnitio definiEr 
cdecQUimunitadsctiAm dirtdc & imme^ 
diatc, (^uia datuni, ^ appropnacum eft ' 
priTatje pcrfonae» Cujufmodrtoiia funt 
onnciapublica_& houorificaj ut liquct ct 
exp«riciouc Ecni^c claAis bouotum cotn* 
rnunium. Rcliquis namque bpiiJ5jtitp«* 
cuniisi fLiviSf Eutii$> dc ftmilibiis acciden- 
taiium Sc cxirinrccum cft, uc Huz pcact 
commi^iitatem } tcI priTaracn pcrfonam 
atquc ut communia, ycl priTdta fiac i Sc 
ii§c<k polTiint difpcnfari a cofnmunicate pcf 
Ju^htiam ^otMnmcacivaroi tut aliam vir* 
tutcmdiflis^amfpccie a juditiapcrtDdcr 
atquc k pcrfcua privata* Eruot proitidi 
pcraccidcns matcria ju(b'ci£ diflriburivie 
fi coDferafitur privacx pcrfonarja com* 
inunitate cum ca jurium iiladarquatio* 
Bc tua cCTcBciali depcndcatia> &^ qua • 
(i permiztione» quam di^fbum eft con- 
venire per fe muoeribus^ 4c dignit^ci- 
bus publicis^ 

lntc\h6ktt igicttf iii*kunc medam p» 
Thomaf ^rout iatelligendus omain^ eft^ 
conftar ipfiusjhrc noB & Philofophi tx^ 
]^o{itioneSiquibus reliqui onaes fubCcri^ 
bunr, cenvtnire plaac cum ^efiilUionU 



»44 $UAfih XVI II. . 

los^ clari/nm^ ilifHD^iaDcm rpecificaiii 

i«riuin. quz rnnt^bje^ta foniialia uti ini- 
Ifuc jiillicia:i %z 2. {^uortim rroiQdctiillia- 
^ioDcrpcc:6ca> ^ cUr^ jntdttgtBcia do- 
pcadecapiTeddif^iadlio fpeci^ca^ inceU 
ligcntia clara Tjrcutum <^a£ vtirancnr cti* 
caipia^ Defitiiiioaeipoifo iilx tiadLtsria 
eum mDdam matiiiffflc ^ceni^nflrani: fst- 
fam in^rimis cAe Icittentiam Bticidani 5c 
Guakadi oeganiinni direrHcafcm iacrm- 
feCiiiti j S< iljiHfidiQnem IpcLilicam iQrer 
juflKiam di<hib(Juv;iiii j ic commutati-' 
T a m . M ifi i fcflam H q u i4c m elt j us pair i m 
' <fiDTfeiaicn5 privatar petroua: fcorljmipax- 
dm «HsmmuuiraH, uc iiicluH^Dci iDreaiii!* 
dcmpnv:aTam perloiiam.^c tr ufro(^uc ju-» 
ts. niixcum, arquc coaHactim mutua csm 
CjOBoecionc> & d^pendentioiktacquc hetc* 
xegcneitace arriurque parcis difFeirc fpecie 
ajuiedmjpiici; Bc incompoiito,necinela- 
denti in feejufinoii hetcrogeDeicacem, St 
aautnam dep^^dcnciam > quandoqui^cm 
ucriquc juri conyeniuncintrinfece prxdiri 
cara oppofi^a« Nec magis obfcurum. eit 
diffiderc fpecie vinutes quarum pbjc^ 
j^rnalia funt fpecic diveria. Exdem defi^; 
jflitioBcs fimilitcr dcmonftrant non efle 
Teram fentenciam ia qilam inclinac Car* 
j4Ad!i§i!^^-L\tgfk cum S%^1| §c BLcbcUo^ 



'Jufttiiain diftributivam non cfl*e jiiftiriartt 

proprLcS^ limpljf itcr^ fcd (ccucidum quifi 
talcni. }iis nAmquc privat^ pcrft>p2 noei 
4c£iiic citc praprid, & fimpjicircr t.ile^ 
quil cft efiVaitaluer corrLuiidum itniFvi* 
iim cutn iurc ccmmuDrratis ; imo c^ de 
cauta ctV piarftaocius^ U quo^d^immodc? 
itidgiS^pLoprtum ,. ac ri^oroLnfn mi» Dij"- 
.Qunrtamcm ift hiuurjTiodri cNc iusj quott 
fft obicfttim foriTialc iuftitias didiibucr- 
yx* lIndciprano& folLim ^L^t piopiia £;c 
fimpliciccr iuftifia p3rricuIjrT& ; fedcri.ur* 
<ft i^obiltor» £c (fuodammodo magis pro- 
ftiajacrvgoiora iafirtia c}U3na comniiica* 
tiTa, Ve^A ignu: & ci omBibosqoa: did* 
/unt ccrra omniao clt fcntcntia €t»mmir- 
RisdiviJensiafticiam patcicalarcm iB dt« 
flribucivam & cemmucacivam^ tanquani 
genas io fpccics» 

Ad I. Convcnit quidcm Qtraque iufti'» 
tia in reddcndo unicuique iure iuo, i^- 
que ex motivo foryandi ilisfum talcius^ 
ideft CAQVcjiic ucraque iufticia in conce* 
ptu genericG iuftitir parcicularis. Ca:- 
tcmm difFcrunc inccr fc. Quia ius quod 
rcddit iufticia di^hiburira, & profeqm- 
tur tPRqaam mptivnm fuum formaic> 
^iifcic aoQ foluna macciialiccr ex parre 



icrniini,rcii miiciiae retnorar, circt ^mm 
Yetfaturi fed criam foipralitcc^ ac circi- 
tialiter i j urc reddi :a, & v o I i r« rii i od e Tui 
fcT comtnurativam, Quia iriud eft hec&- 
togeacurr^ Bc campo^cum zx pTiTato , |c 
commuci cura mutua ucriuf^^i tkpcodeti- 
lia ftbi inniflt^ra : iftiidautemcftfimplci 
$c uniformej uf dii^um cft. 

Ad 1* Ncgacur digaicatcs, rcfpctTttt qua* 
Tifmcanf^ieuitarqualharemjudiTiadirtri» 
buciva t0c^erir3, Sc laborcs ilngulctnifn 
pro Rcpublica, HzceDim compcnfaniui 
|>cr grautudiacm. ycI jufticiann ^ommitta* 
iitaiti 3 ^c didium eft» Ju^ici^ 'g'^*^^ ^i~ 
flribunv^i conflfruit alism ^qualiraccmf 

Smc T^ff^tar immcdi^cd isitcr dignitares 
p^ulDr(im> Sc mutaera ftngulis coHari 
iDuciticatem corum> &: cemmunicatisiil* 
jdivi/im > ac dircftcK Negatus rurAis pec 
iuftitiam diftributiyam cdKitui falcem pei 
fe :^qualitaccm. Arithmetic^am iiu^r di- 
gnitatcs fingul«rum quoad vim bcncfai* 
^kivam corundem refpo^u reipnbttc» 
quam.eadem iufticia actendit> & muiieri 
^ua; per ipfam fiogulis conferuBtur. Noi 
cnim conftituit pcr fe nifi arqualicaten 
|>ure proportionalem , 8c dummodo has^ 
icrfecur,. nihii eflScit huiciuiliti«, qucW 



^f ftean Jam (e aedtmabiUor, ifuaBi ma- 
I3US {fi]o<l confcttut 2 RepaMica, vcl ^ 
conrra. Ferindc nam^i cllquQadre^icti- 
dinem haius HiJticij; ^tiod inter hxc ctmc^ 
mafccandiim fcdciiireiicclluSjCXiUerutr* 

peiicra Dtillus drtuieiccefras, Sotum nam- 
fjutattendicurad pcoforcianaHrjir^. Ma:* 
guam i-gitar c^ldifcMntco rneercompataK 
tiauemrqux Ht i ptLTauspctfoiiispra tu- 
Riu2. cptnmutaiTVi, Sf cam qc^ tit a r^ 
pabhc;i pro iaflitu diitribuiiva. 

Adj AcctpiensaRcpublica munus alit 
ouod cum propvriioiac ad Tim bcaefidtip' 
Tam ciufdcm. non tcmpcr oWigar ridcni 
Reipublica? cas prscisc vircs bca« facic»* 



di quas pr2;hab|| iDdependentera muncr«> 
quod accipic, Obligtt^nim casprouccdn- 
iundlascum muncre, quod accipit, quaa^ 
do accipicur munus publica? adminiflra- 
tionis, quoduiiqucauget vircs bcnc^a^li* 
TasK.cipublica:,cfbquc inninfecc ordina^ 
tumadbenefacicHdumcidem. Vndcineo 
cafu quoddatur a Republica privatar per- 
fonar, Sc quod Reipublica: obliga»urapri- 
^ata prtfona, peitiuct ad utramq; partem 
iure indiyiduo, 8c utrimque iiaadarquaco. 
Quod minisnc cvcnit^in riiatcria iulliti* 
comsaat^iiifx, Sc in coad.\x&iouc Ck^^^t-x- 
L 4 vv%- 



1 



«4i fc'jK# XTlI. 

ria cRi4ii5tam ia poftcriftri caiu elicitum 
m iufltna cciriG^utati^a : ad diflnbiittvam 
/Yci^ ptrtittCE diicdc, & immt4iarc> nos 
mr i»di: ecducat c|tiantitaFein debui, Ctn 
vctcedic« £e«l nt coni^inutur ifnnteiiat^ 
pi:4>poni?int«r«ligt)itaum Sl munus^ 

Ad 4. Pti^cetixmodD di^ist;u^erflatie* 
«cJcirTtrutiMeottiTSTn ici]r*,&: faptenn» 
fcd nn;tLimcrDrci>arqHtl^irtftioticmrcho* 
Xx ^om^mifnxi f&jii» ftd o^rufo Ik igo»* 
^^BBticfleintiilSf, noD euU dtcfl jrc|iiak- 
tas t«i aif rer^ : fe4 <|uia dctR ptoptftcio in- 
tcf jdxgAit^iCCjfi > C: »B|^ii.s. Quapropccr 
.v^uaiiras in ci jrfiscHdi fdkus firraoda cf* 
fcBiialircr diifm ab atqffliraee»quae fpe* 
Aat «d iuftici^m commncaciTaD) > qua? Tt* 
4cli(:cc folam confticuic aequalicaccm rei 
mdrcA,u0dccunquc> 8c quomodocunqu» 
illadcdu^baiir. 

Ad 5» Excmpla illa nikil faciunc concn 
Tcraaii & communem fencentiam. Pro* 
•pQAiiflCurAimiruma^us>inquibusrcma» 
le cancum > & cxcrinfcce inTcnicur forma 
«liquai & imicacio iuilicia: diRiibucivx 
fttoadadusremocosconfttlracionis.Dceft 
Mxd> pX04Ul&Ci & *imtSkcd.u\«.Cocma. dl« 



ffribtJtioni$ piopna cx patcc rynogifnu 
jmmtfhatcpraftict^ & uhimi dictjniiiiis 
coflfcieTittx propoaenns immcdisje mo- 
tivum, & mAcetiim propriim diftrib^no-^ 
tiistirouc difHfnflam k moti^o & matcii* 
fammytAiionts, In qno cil mAiinni di'« 
xcifius, vir Jam paruir, & fait c-itiU af<j^ui- 
vdcanor^is risqui difCiiTUim icmofurn ^M* 
qnatcn^js fiJT>ilpm coDlid^rarnnt abri|iTe 
uhima concliifiooc, aii^L^c intitnariciiie 
di^cffaf oblt|E;itiQiiia fiit]d4f2 in jafibu» 
rprcic «Jivcrfiis, 

Ad £. Eonum commurTc, confLrcnddm 
|jei^onx pEivatae per }u(litiacn djftiibori- 
T^mnon ufque^ &dca pleno iurc ti\t pro^ 
priuBi cojTuinitacia etiam antt^^nam eoo-* 
^aatur U approprietur peribua: partica- 
lari, atque eft proprium elufmodi com- 
ffiunitatisbonum, quod'ipfi«.s inteiefl, ne* 
approprictur ulli privatx pcrfonas, a^que 
iepo(itum fuii fupra in piiraa dafrcbono*» 
rtsm commuaiufn. Q^x lefpe^a boni 
commuBts confcrendi pec jufliciam 4iftxi» 
b-utivam dacuc jus partialc ad rem ia pei* 
foo&privata digniorx etiamanceif^uam ilU 
de isiOto canfcratury & fic illi iajikia &. 
confccacui alteri. Dicitur DihitQmiDa& 
l^Dum commaDC abfolurtxquiaprxTalee 
jyi^^ c«miiaii\icacis> utpoce p6uosi&i&;K^^ 



fingulorum,ei quibus coalcfcLr, 

Ad 7, £i ob)ci5tio r;itittiim p robiir ^udd. 
nrque ade» impcnse naditum, Sc cxplica- 
Cum cf^ lupra ; Dimirum jus ^ cjrca quod- 
ifcrfatur juHicia tiiftribiiriya , panim cffc 
communiuns, plJfrim prJT^taf petfonaB 
«iire& pofl diftiibuiiodcm fi^m. Qua*" 
rc ofHcium GubcrnAroris Ducis ^ Cufto^ 
ii5,&c, fiCj pcr difldbutiQQcm, propriuin 
ejviscuic9DfcrcuriCum vcro juteii] re, noci' 
tamen ufqoc adc6 plcno, uc nihil jurisfi]^ 
perfircoiTiUDitatitqu* contulit offititim.. 
S^nijacicnim co]tiUBir4£ rcriact jusquod*- 
4*rii quafi liiusfEuftuSv Scd noa proprcrc*' I 
t4 commuMirarem fped^anc odicia> poft- 
qvitm difbribuca func ille omMino-modia^ 
^uo fpedtanc ad UBUim|n^> domus ciu»^ 
iiit agcr. Quia omnis ttcilicas domus> dc 
^ri percinec ad eum> qui cft eecu domi Aus. 
^cno& ftdasqifacojureftdatquacionejucis. 
ic reir At officiorum iufte diftrikucoruni» 
Inilitas pertinec ad cos eciam quibus col- 
iatz func> ttC di61:um eft <|uasft.3. a^^. Sci 
qvLxRt 4< in xefpoBfioae zd f .u«ft. & jt^^ 
Jibi f«pc. 

Ad 8« C^ando bonum comane dari po»\ 
•eftabf^uc cuiaA]uam iniuriattnicuil^er 



||um ac disjttn^ivutn refpVfttr talisboiif, 
itaiieomnibusfiat miuria, (i nulii eorum 
'confcracui , & eLi^tm finc iniuiia ilH cm 
conferciur, il proprtr ck^toncmac dcECt- 
iT;inationcm ipfitiSjCxigatur coroncnfarjo» 
ftuprctinmracioncotlicii ftc uncium fc uc 
conCVabir ififraj ^vkv^ dc^Iiic ntur con e- 
qticniia^ pradtica; dodt^ritia: pigefcndscirca 
Tftfiditioncm jfliuftnodi ofticioriim, ubi 
ctiam clihicttir difficulrasfuc^taobiter mr>^ 
ta occsfione vcnditionis otficioiiT, Q^d 
ad pr^fca^attinct non dcfinit lus aUt^uod' 
c/Te piopric & fifrpliciccr taic,<)aiac[t va^ 
C^tim £l£ iBdcicrminacum ; qu^indc ^uidcrsi- 
in Jucitianram obtie^anonfm rci ^rxhib^n^ 
djc. at^iie h cfict omnTr.r> J-^icrminiEurtl 
idquenon foluiii cx parteeius cui incft o»- 
bligatio , & cx parcc rci coufcrcocfac, fed' 
criam ex partc fubic6l:i, cui .confcrcDduru 
eftiusinrc, feu ctiires ipfa rra^cndacft, ut^ 
patetin mulcis cmentibus equum ca con- 
ditionc, ut cx fortc, vcl cr-cledliottc vcor*- 
dcntis rradattrr; 5c aidiudi cet uiakcuiei: 
ipfis dctcrminatd; 

Hic obircfdeccrminati potcft cr didtis- 
controvcr(iaTul8;aris : aa (itloCUs iuftitiar 
diftributivae , ouando unum nnturn offi* 
cium autbcncncium confcxcndii rft fcor- 



cuiconferatui.' Dicendum autcmcftcnm 
^uarezi adTCiru^nonBuIIas alios, fljri 
twc \oc\xm inixiux dif^riburiva^ (Iriflc 
ia5i, PrimoacpTincipalitcr ^uia is tvcn.*- 
tuK nDii icUxt ratiotifoi foEmaleen iutis 
corQpofitiei privato & commuDi, dtHri^ 
bucivo 3c collctJ>i^o i eTquoJurc^rd^am 
c^ fp cci&c«Lri iulliciam liLllribwiivani, Dc^ 
Itidc quia etiam ip co tvcnru facicDciatft 
comparaiio ctimiilius ijuie(ldi{>nu$jrCum 
C^tcrit qui funt indii^ni ; tum cJuidcm cii- 
gaicuiTi c£tcris, qui kab«tit alia fvtlici^, 

' a.ui benefrcia • tum eoruD^ein of^cioxum. 

'fcubca«H«torum cum co qcod hic ^ punc 
^Q CtJisfcrcQdum : atquc pofl hanc com- 
psrAiioncm facirrid;i cii: colUtio dif^no, 
quia iua dignirare prarcminet ca^reris^eflqy 
pfarterea conanJum fi fieii poflit, uciift» 
i|ui jam funtia ofHcio^aucbencHcio coa- 
ItitQti , promotis . auc retraftis conflicua- 
f uirproporcio GeomGtrica digoicacum , 8c 
^uaerum. Quod (ihocfieriiioapo(&c ^id 

^t per accidens fcfDcda inccncionisj 
& atccntionis qu;e cic propria iudiria? 
^ifiribuciTo:» ficuccftperaccidcns refpe- 
«tbucommutAtivar^quoddebicornon pcdic 
dfibitumada^quaiemarerialiterfolatioDc», 
Pjbilofcphusaucem adfcribic ucrique iu* 

^tixcMi UC^^WMxax ^ ^cojQrciooein, 



1)0 dhHfimtfMjMs^ • ijri 
qqarab vcraqueinteQdiiurperfe.Iam alU 
quaedam hinciDcle acta^a, inrcrpropo« 
Beodam reRre^ciamPhiloCophi & D.Tho-. 
-tns» & Qtriu-fque expo^(inones > nfcj^ueafkil 
omniafuocclaraexdt£l>is hucufq>uc itc ni- 
W\\ opus fic fupecaddert* «hexiusckcaijH 
gula. 

- QV.€ S T I O XIX. 

Vtrtitn T>e9 cffn*ViniMt juJlitiM pBtticuUrla, 
firi^e tMlis ^ Attt diprikmiVM » mui t omm u^ 
iativa ? 

VIdjutyr arra<ji>e tcT falrem alteia 
coiiTcaifcprepiicic iltitStc, i* Qma 
pfal.n* lo.dicjctif /rf/?^if DeminHs f^ 
fuftitiam dilexit. E 1 1 .a d T i m o t . ul t fV» re* 
liqtf y2\i Paulus, repoptM eftmihicorenMJu* 
Httii. quam reddet mibi Dom inns /'» iUa di^ 
fuftus judexi qua: Sc limiliaalin quampiu- 
raracixpagiaa: ceftimouiaesplicari mioi'*^ 
mepoiluncabrquc maQifclla vioLcnciad^ 
impropciecacc verborum, Q. ncutiaiuAicia 
admiccacur (irma in Dco propric. 

2. SpcsuoQranon podeceflc in Deo de 
pra?mio Bc compenfatioQe laborum Sc 
mericorum; £ AuUa jUccri&ccius \^\t\«. 



)no# 1 



iy-4.' ' §t^^P*9 XIX. 

^bligatio D«uin ad ca prcmcfct. Qno 

inanifcflci vitictur fiipponj^ ab Apc^ltolo 
jd H[:;braEos 7,:o,idiim ricir^tiii ; Ntjn tmm 
^n i tf iffts e f? Dft* uit oh ii v tfcAt h r t^p nt s v ej{ ri 
^diU^hniSt ^ttr,m ojhn^ifii^ ia n&mfneif^ 
JfMj* Eiracio eft qi.iu icclufa E.*blis;icJ"nr 
julliti:t lii>crum, cifci Dco dire , vel nc- 
gaie prolibito pracnnium opcmm noilio* 
mm , cotumi|uc , vcl obliviici , rcJ rccjor- 
dari. 

^;i>cuspotcftfupcroattiralitcrnobifcuftt' 
roquilocutroncQbligaDtcnos ad crcde<^^ 
diim. Quodficriiionporcft, quiaipfevi^ 
cifHm fubcat obtigai;ioncm diccndi tc- 
rHm. Nullanamquc obligatio e(b crcdcn- 
ii illi cujus nulla eft obligarlo diceodi ve* 
cu.Harc auTcmobligatiociiccndivcrumcft 
propriajuftiti«, Q^la cft adahcruradan- 
ccm aliquid pro aliquo > ycI Gcomctitc^ 

Juatcnusunicuiqucmaois vcl minus cre- 
irurjuxtamajorcm vel minorcm cius di-^ 
^nitatem , vcl Arithmcticc quatcaus tanti* 
ficaloqucBtcfidcsnbi prxftita , quanti ab 
audicntc vcra manifcftatio & nociria rci. 
/ 4«. DAnnirin Dcopropric, &formallrci 
•. alixyirtutcsad altcrum > ut libcralitas,mt^ 
ftricordia,amicitia, fcclufis impcrfcftio- 
li^ibus quas in hobis pixfuppoDunt. aur 
«iJUAcjw, NuU'iaXLttt&^iH.^^v^wio dfe 



ip 



^^^^^p 



illis q^UAtn dcj Liibiii piopuc 3£ rimplicitcF 
t^li. 

f, PhilofophusS. EtKi^?c. :f,'(ioc«jnteP 
cosjuftitiam drrpalt^ iatcr quos ktnrcjTia^ 
«ircpoteft.Da^ ttrautetn vdT)co vtra &c for* 
jnalii ergi nos amTciiia^ ur djdtum cf^ 
qujEft» 5*?. deTiftutibus Theolof^icjs, fir» 
go dari Btiam potcft id Dto juftitii ergii 
DDS piopnc ££ fkmplicirei di^a. 

e. Vtriique jufVitia cft pcrfc^fl^oTnuUagi 
jrtcludcnsin fc impcrfcdioTicn: prarcist} c:«: 
fuocoocep!ucfrcnri.i!r. Eit ^uidct» pcrfc- 
Aio,, quia harccft derationc vitiucis. Nul- 
lnixi Tcro LDcludtt jmp^ircctiaticrn , ouia' 
ucdocetDk.Thomas i. conira gcntcs cap, 
j?:^. rationc y- Tirtii.E.cs udalterum, 5cqu» 
circaopcrationcs, non circit^paffioues vci!- 
fantur, quaiisvirtus cfliufticiaf ut fupra* 
dicflum cft,nullam dicunr imperfeAioneni 
cz fuo pr^cise conccptu cffcntiali, Dcindd^ 
& qua: cffetimpcrfedio maximc cx co* 
quod utraq j yirtusrcfpiccrct rationem de- 
bitij ^obligationis* £x koc autem capit^ 
tfeutriiuftritixeftcfrcntialisaHqua imper^ 
fcflio- Quia non neccffccft dcbitum hoCj^. 
& obligationes) fundari in lege, autiurc 
poteftaAvo alterius , fed fuflficit i fundct vc 
in proprio placito > & Tolantare operaotis^ 



fiue iE^ cvcnit in Oc:&. 

7.1a frardculari* Iufliiia commn^^ati- 
Ta vidsrai: cCrctjibucnia Dc©, Quia ei 
coRtr^flii J i'cupaiV& obccofo Ditturabli- 
g4t(o i Sc iratctia ptopria j;:ilicia; com- 
inutaciTsr^pod atJimpktam coBditiaticm» 
ic prafmiilj^cccpt3.ri(>uc, Deti£3ytc[ii pz-^ 

. cifcatur ntliircum de coDtVrcnda E;I"fia. 
fab coDdiLioucmcrirQrnm ^ & hc^Ticflila- 
boii^ , ^iturqoe^cccptacio cx pirtt nolh j^. 
Ergo pracftita cofldicionc mcri^onEm da» 
tit a Dc4J|^Iona ptrjnRitiaTn commiitaci- 
y^m^ Ccti^Ema^njt qQift Drus cauflituic 
arqaiUtatcvi .. iarec «lUrcquium & dus 
compcnfktioticm i Jattr mcrccm 5c prc- 
ciumiK^cpcndcjatcrarcrpcL^u, & qualitft» 
cc pcrfoeiirumucc^Drtitcx illo ai Ronna- 
ses 1. §lui redAit umcuiquiJecundUm operst 
fu0, Ec-in E.Taugcli» proponiruT regnu^ 
Cjcloi:iim,iftcmcrccs^ &inYica.Dtur£omi-< 
Acs tdeiusempciejiem. Hoc «urem efb 
propriiirrm.um ju^dicias commuC4ciTap, 

S.Iutlicia didsilMiciTa vi^Iecui fijniii^ 
ter iBnegabilis Deo laiionc pectiltari^ 
Qvja tiScHccc Deus ptsfolttic pcjcmia 
meriroru conocan jo UDumqucmqueia c# 
ffrgdu, & loce> qui cft prep^cioatcai^ 

4'£aicifidUs^.\itC9A(^CvCxiUo loaB* 14.'«^ 



r 



lhm0T0trkmei mftnfionis mult^fnnty 8c 

Ucumfuum. Confirmatur fx Di<»tiy. cap. 

JafUfff efi ftri^ui ^pr» ts, ^ua unumqmd^Uf 
e»rumt ^ui^Junf, MMingit diwniiMte. Idip* 
f mB ccaftat C2 duplici priEicrci ^iho capitc» 
QupriiB tlteruija cjI apa^Deum noa dirt 
tcccptioncn fcrCoaftrumi uc ^ietrur ^A 
HpmaDQt X, vircus aucc oppoCta acccptU 
niperrouaiumcdjulUri;» diHnVutiri, AU 
rctuiii cfVDcmnDoArcpettdcrvp-rxmiano- 
ftris boais opcribuiiQtcAdcDdn cgUftUra- / 
icm cumipfiilccuiidunirc, rciprotit di* 
gaijicatis pcr ^ratiam. juf^iflcaDeem ^ dC 
^racum faciencci:^ ; idL^ft lEtcoia digHiratt 
cuiarqurperfonx. Raciohorum oirjBium 
efl: quia quiHbec a<^us DiyiDUScirca tci 
crcacascflcntialiccrac foniialiter> lc ooa 
folnmrcalicer acideocice cfc proprius fa* 
premiac UDivcrfalis Gubernaroris^ adci* 
quc circumfpicicntis ordincna &propor^ 
cionemcu}urquercircfpe<Sluomi>ium, ic 
quarumlibec aliarum cum perroaaraitt» 
quam rerum . uci oflenditurqux iS. dela- 
carnac. Id auccm fieri non poteCVi, quta 
proportioni ArithmcticjB Geometrica 

Juoqueadiiciatur. Dacucergain Dco ju:* 
iciadiftiibuciyaf ropiic talis* 



- I 

ijl fiffi//fl XTX. ^ 1 

tia comniuratiT^, S^ diftribLitivai orJo 
do&iinx poftabc cxpolitionem matcrie 
circaquamucraqitc verficmp 8c fubjcAo- 
rum , qna funt trtriurqticcapicta. Q^oA 
admatcrism actinct confi:at faiiicr cidcia 
Auri^, prxccdenti , i\H buna cdninnuni2| 
^tiorumapprofiriacioad priv:tcaspcrroa4Sj 
|)crnftci ^iitd^ tc imTticiiAt^ £ve t% natt^ 
tarci >fi¥ecx lege^ad utnitatcin j & coin-- 
moiiacommopiiitisfimuli & privaroE per- 
fon^ , ffu coafcicnris, ^accipicnrU €* 
Viul > cuitv iuic uccmfquc iadividjiocircft 
IIU, r^ematcriam ^eaioiatn iuHiirra; di- 
ftribuuvf. Ilh vcr& fivecammunia , fivt' 
priTatabona , quorum ippropriatm, Scn^ 
tribuiio ilircftc ^ & iiri^fdiatcpticiA&t_|i 
folam iicilicitcm iccipientis cum icrc cjill-^ 
dem ada:qiiACorefpe^uco|:um ciTc mice- 
liam rcmocam commutativ^* Conflat 
conCcqucntcr ma^eriaDi pioiimam ucriuf* 
i|uc iu^itir efic aperacioncs «.ieu a^ionci» 
^uibuscddembonatribuuDCtir pcrfooisa^ 
^uaitpeAiQt fcu quibusco&rcnit iuse^ 
acctpicDdi : iusycroipCym cfTe moiivuoi; 
■ tnufqueiuftai^c propornonilicrr. 

Qviod atcinct ad aheram partcm dc- 
lubjciftojcctcuni cflhomincsei luanatu- 
jacifccapacc* l\i&«vJt ^». ^ASbJL\iN\\\^^^^ 



!||.|,JU I II. ^^^■■iP 

A commutinva: loi^^iccm etercfihdx^ • 
iiibee coim hcmoeftcapax cicCua pam* 
urist^bljgadtisalioshomiDCi ra fav«» 
ii 5c corFraadum ipfius, mm rcot(]niys 
nGQniuBclim cumaliis, Et fimilJTef cft 
aiicddcndi aliis homiRihu& iui fiiuEA 
Dpropoitiooe,& ^q^fialicatc, tum Get* 
rncii tum Aiichmetica. Gcomctrica 
idcm (|»i£L4.ccidicqu<]rdam (}uibii{<lain 
T>iiiibtjsc^cmagi-s i<i©QC0S li bcncfi- » 
rnitim Rcipublicar , at<juc aiti digBio- 
vcl propcer nacuralcm couflitucioiicm. 
proptcr (ttfpc€tioaeiii j dc ia^linario* 
nhahirualcm ia ;Ltiisac£^c aliii dirpa*^ 
1. Aticlftmarica veto j quia quifuni ;r-^ 
ilefinnarurakabcncboaa atqiuchincac 
i xftimabiriaiater qu^ proindc iaccrcc- 
epodit asqualita« Arichmetica. Patcc 
tur hominem cHc fubjc(Slum idoneani 
titia: djftributivr , & commurarivje er- 
^ominemexcrcendje : atqueadeo ucra- 
:hominibas^itfviccm comparatis con- 
lire. Supereftergo quxftio de homiite 
n Deo,& Angeliscomparatoj atqucdt^ 
:;eUscum Deo , & inter fc compararis. 
fcilicecalterutrajuftitiacoDveniatDco 
>e6lu Angelorumvel honiiaum» aut e 
ivers6: aur Angelis inrerfe vel refijc^a 



roDirovcinaekan Dco coQvcaiat luC^itLA 
ilve dt^hibucivalivc c0nimuraiiT^ pro^rid 

.& ^mpliciEtc lij^ta icfpeflu KDfninura 
Tcl ADgclorum? De tjao proinde pnmj^ 
dererffiinarcoporicc, 

DictOrJtjHS Auiemcn: Deonou convcni- 
re piopile 6c &mp]jcitcr juihtiani parcica- 
larcirija^c couuuucacivjinri « diiltibuuvam 
fccuQdum iuum comceptum eilentiAlen 
adrquate fumpc;iim, Prxcipuam fund^* 
Wcntam ci^. Qui djiceftdcm iod^iviSm vo- 
Jaauceius Sc cermiuu:m)urisj fmu «dlivuiB 
fc pafTtvumjrCoi^fotioa ^arcx jufVitiapar* 
ticuUii, tufticii cn'im pirticuUrit antc 

^quamlibcta^tioBemfttarvi prarfuppQniter- 
feaculiter,&foj:inaIiccrc3cpartcac<ipica« 
tii j u£ aA i V u m rcf|i c£l u Vom c|'u o^ i cci p it, 
U£ pirct ex dc^QitLODe juAiciK.. Ncc^uic 
vetoprrfupp^Diius ci p4itt iccipicntii 
lerpe^u ft^ionis lndiviEEii iUi confc'^ 
xcntis ius&terminunsiuris; (curefpcdla 

,cj us boni* <^ued (^mu^^ ae iDdiYtfim con- 
feicur cuuiipfoiuTc» uc paccc extermi* 
nis. pc confirmatus qiiia cenferens li-* 
beraliceraliq^uid, aac puc^ mifericordi- 
tcr»ide^»on confcrc ex iuftiria, quia 

^acBon praefitppofiroiureeipaice axcipi- 
Ctitis>fciillud conferc itmulac iBdivifim 



indmirfn volucatedac crearurxiasquf%d« 
cumque adlivum formaliccr illi coovt- 
aitBi Tcrptfilu b«>Dori3iti > quaf accipii i 
Dco« qnatenus&Dcoa^ctpJt, cadcmqui 
bonai Dccoppo{trum 6cri ti]to^^£to po^ 
ifft. Quia Dciis nrcporcft d^aii^ aliquid 
alicui , quiEirotpio iTcraTk^cin , uciUud. 
fit Acci|jcn4:is i fcuaccLpicntis ufibuslibf-' 
fUBni^clinq^uatur; cum ejtts voluntas ilt iex 
carrererum omtiium. Ncc caim pouA fer* 
tclcgcmcoDf%irutiTa& ctrcmialjEct juris. 
tt^aliquidfic alicujus , idcft nuLluKi cui- 
quani copfcirc potrft ius, qLiiB quate- 
ttus ad ipfunv fpcdac cad«m voluDtarc 
idcm illud conferar ci j in cyjusfa^orcm 
fetrur ralis lcj, Kcc coim, Dcus pott(t 
fcrrflegem, quaYcl ipfcobligetur, cum 
noD {iicapazobligatiooismoralis propri^ 
ralisirel aliosoblij^ct, stporeili^cialiquid 
facieDdum,quin ipfe quajitumcftdcfeid- 
ipfumfaccreTeIir>fuh2cejusvoIuatasia- 
cludaturefTentialiter, in potentia proxima 
c^ercrorii td faciendu i quod jubdntur*idc(l 
incocepcucfscrialitcrobligationis a£bua« 
lis,lc fotmalis. PacecigiturimpofTibilc cf-' 
fc,uc Dcttsdecaliquidalicui, quineaipfa 
Tolucate. quaiddat, confcratiusrefpedlu 
cjufdc rei: Acque ^ cftDTerfo, uc conferac ius 
rc^c^lualicuiQsrciquinea if& voWx^x^ 



1 



Tclit efficaciter rcm candcm cdnfetTt 
^iMntiam clldcfc, idqucibfolute, & Jc- 
terminarc, H ixts fit ibrolucum, & tcs can* 
fcrcnda(itt Tolo Deoi fia rniausc judicio^ 
natc^aut YJi^cicincJetcrinisiaic. Rv'pugaaC 
ipirar UcumquiiquAmcuiquam conterrt 
C2 judictApiiticiil^uproptit & nri^ctalii 
ConfirmatLu-.QuiaadtusdiYiiiae volua- 
tausedentialiccr infcparibrtcs miicuo fpct- 
culiratioi^c funt ipdiflintti intcrfe noa 
folum lealicer, fcti ctiam tictuaUtet 
iatTiurec^fUtdidtumcfttnquxrt. ile Dco. 
Patccautcm voUinratemdiyinam collati- 
Ttmjutis rcfpct^u tci confcrcia^t^a Dco 
circinreparabiicmefrcatiaUtCE tToluncati^ 
collaciVaejafdQmrei > quaatucticiterpar- 
tc Dci. $i coini iflae duas ^^oluncaces repa« 
«areDcarficicc> uc joftequiscareret ftmul- 
fae injufte aliquo donoDci: liqat^eitt 
^«ilibetcaret injufte eobono > cajusha- 
bcndi ius accepit a Deo ; iufte Ter6 caret eo 
bfoao,quod Deusvultttc ipfe nen habeac» 
feu Qon Yult , quantam eft it fe, ut habeac. 
Qua ratiome, ucalil ptaetermitcancorrc- 
feliicur fingulans fentencia Ripaldae di*- 
ceacisdariincreaturisius,&inDe»jufti» 
cia{ii,qaibusobligetarpocentiaeiu$orfli» 
naria \ nonTeco qnibus obligectirpoccntit 



Hixh e^tbona , qas ipfis debeanirex Bara* 
c;^ieiutcn4o fola fua porcotia ordinaria 

iiiferfctiilisinliiriam. R;:fLl]ifur Jat^u^fli^ 
^tiiapciJndiihpc edaTque diccrc, Dcubi 
inaturtimciic Jfijuritin , fiutcrciurpotca- 
tialtiaabfoliiTa ,^mulqucutcreior folafiaa 
pcienEU ordiDafU, Dtum cRiui negaet 
C(iiqti:)mquod.ip£ debctur cx naciua rci, 
i^ vcroel^Dcum mi fotmaliccr pocentia 
fGA&bfaluca. Vadcilleaut^orfolum hoc 
^icicreipfa Dcuai nihil ncgaic poffcnifl 
jQftc, ctimmri ftcdebitum ei natu^a tei» 
<^iAquodtaleen: non porcftncgari r nifi 
JepotcnriA abfoltita; iffaenim negaiiift 
pcr fcipam fotnftalitcc tftufu^ poccDci^* 
Jusauccmadaliquidcfrcntialuerdenomi- 
aat ioiuAam negationem fui cermioi pro» 
<edcntcmabco, adYcrfusqucm c(l idem 
ius. Cumigiturlllcau^orfareacurnuliain 
ullusboni negacionem piovenicntcm k 
^ivinavoIuacaiepoiTe elTe iniuflam, fed 
eoipfo quo4aib ea pr«ccdat eilc julUm» 
confequencer ccneturdicerenullam verTm 
iusconvcnire polTecreatuTx «dvcilus Dc- 
um jfedtancum chimericuaa, ucporcin* 
ducenTisobiigationemproevencUicanruna 
chimericoipro folo nimirum evencu Det 
ucencisfolapocencia ordiBaria, iiroiilqiie 
ooipfo ucencis pouacia abCalmi CX^Qk^ 



i^4 m^dfth XIX, 

YUtu^lif^use tr^dHAcllqujef^/fp iaccrdt- 
vina iurirdi^ionis & ptopnccacis iuca» 
I^deeninnconfcqmEtirrepugnarc, ur Deu» 
ferac iegcni fivorjbilcm ah€i.Li circj sJt- 
qu3fxi r^m j tdctl uc ci confefat ius circi 
ilUm^qfiia co ip(f> Tclit cii^cm iD(ii?ifim 
coQfcrtcutiliutcmj cnius inTcQtinuc ttd* 
^itur favorabiUs i^]h lcj^idcfVquin cen- 
lcraTcoipro indiviiimid, cuiusiuscoBiii* 
lcrit, Yidcatur quarftio illa ^uinta. £t 
quidcnt iiultam lc^^cm p oteft Dcus fcrrc, 
quiti Toluiitatc Tpfa Jegisiauva cfHc^citer 
Tclic fiori impcdirc cx i^ a4 implctioxitm 
lcgis; fou non rccldrre iinpoJItbilcm eanr 
^cm ad implciioncm. Quare dum fcn le^ 
gcm»qitiYuk, ncjquis impcdiaiur i coQ* 
lccutionc, coBfei vitione, aut ali^juo aU* 
c^iusrei ufu , <o ipfo vuh cfficacitci: non 
itrpcdirc jpfcj quantum cft dc ff j quia^-i 
dc>qut|lem tpfo non ccilautcabimpeditia* 
nc^ntmn potcftab ca crriTai* ponti?*^, fea 
ficcrc alt^uid. iiiipetiicioni coQttatiunvt 
Deum autcm feiTe ci^tfmodi icgcm , for- 
iitalicet cft Tcile datei ins» ut di^um eft 
quxit* j*4^ ^& vcllcnonimpeditff confe* 
Ctitioii«Ji)jCoafcrTatiaQem,aut ufum ait- 
cuiustcijcil veilc caf^iem coafcrrej^uaa- 



t>t}hfiinM Dti trg0 ham, tSi 

fca<!itt[n lulp£tianc, fcuomjflie ^qu^im 
fiolicictne impcilic coll«irioDem n-i, Re- 
sLif^mc cDLxii^ut ali^uid ilicuL CDufcr^itut 
Dco omittcDtCjaac noknrcconfcnc. lln* v 
-de pcnnii^ c convctro td uolic Dcuui o* 
micccre, aucfurpendercconacioncm rciiac 
TellcrcmeovifcrrCi ouantum ciT: dc fc. Hft 
igirurformAliicr iaaiviiuain Dco juiis^ 
fci,colUcio> idcoque neucrum ^ircut^ jii^ 
Aicix conferrc potcEh 

Ncijuc YcrtS ullum cflailTcrrus hafcpi- 
irocinium, auc offugitjm io promillioui* 
kus divinis, fcu piatuitis, fcu gcacroCsi 
qyatum cflhcqui:iit cxpicfi]* in ficrislic- 
teriSj & quilius po£ris yidcrur rduhare 
vcium jus iu crcattiiisadvcrfusBcum, ur- 
poceobligarum cx nacura rci>ucftcc pro- 
iriifiis, poticaaccepcationecxparce crcaca* 
rarum« Non inquam ullum hinc pacec 
cfFugium > quod vidclicec obftruicur ob- 
Xervaco diferimiAC incerdivinas» & huma-> 
jaas promidiones. Promiifio humana in- 
<1udic in fe obligacion5 pratilamdi. quod 
promiccicur; imo > qnod ard fuam effea- 
tiam atcinct^-nihil eft aliud^uamvolun- 
tasobligandi fealceriad prseftandum ali- 
quidinfavorcipdus; qisodconiiflerepo- 
tell abfque ulla yoluntateaduali idipfum 



luefasftliqtiid l:^cirDdi,idqtie aDfcccJ^i* 
ter levclandi rij cuius iDtcTcf^j^c &ati tt4 
ut voluDtai-^iyin:! promiiTiva tiihil Aipcr- 
adiJat ftfnp)ict<voluBtati aliquid f«cieo4i 
^jbrque pracvia promiinoDc pra^tcr volua- 
ria.tcm revcUfidi jncccedeatcrj i|uod iim 
coQtlicutiiLr cil^uttna fiar, ImpofTibilciii* 
jBnttuin cH» propienationcs nupcr propod- 
tis Dcuit^blig2tri Qbligttiene propiic d\~ 
£ta pcrunutt^ %6iim rux^voLuDtacisa^ hi« 
-^bet^^him aliutn adum, qtio ciequarur icl, 
jtd quod obSigiEun Quarecatctius folur» 
,^icicut Dcum «bligari ad flliquid,^quatG- 
nus pct a&um cflcntulitei itnmuiabilcTii 
i'u3c volunracis coDtraliji neccnicafcm nre- 
taphyficam id.praflaudi. Qitam profcif^d 
.flectflTicatrm noD alfDnde fubirc portftp 
auam i ftia idipfutii prarn^aDdi voluDtar^ 
cffitftci, ideoquc prarfticura formaliccr, flc 
.prxcis^.pci (cipfam* 

RcvcUc vcro atjceccclenrcr hanc fua» 
'^oluncacem^utgigt^at \n nfbis.fpcm cer- 
ftim optan cvctiui5jC[U3ndo vuU c^fsi gt' 
^nctc:,idque facic c^ modo quo ia cui|- 
Jclem Bucm manifcflarur ab KomlDe prje* 
{fcDSVQluncasfuxobligarionisiafuturuni. 
Sed iioit coocipit voluntarcm quam mani* 
^tftatcomodoji^uo coDcipiiur abhomiuc 
4 113 ^ a £ T^^^ ^^^ akV^ii^ nc m o r4 lc m p t o* 



^rii^ fftlen) j (ed contrahendo nectflitatem 

meraphy^cam factendi ^uod promittir 
iadififnt^ant 'vjrtualitcr i|]cti0lece 4 to- 
luDtate ipfa prortiifnTa* 

PrcniirtiiSEies divinas cfTc huiuGnoJit 
jsihiWiJelicet ruptrirldeiitcs voluntau fa« 
cien^t pt^rer -votunFiEcm re^^dandi velU 
facerc, docucrat iam prius operofas dcfeci- 
(<tt iuftins kliTiD*, dvihibutjvaf, & com- 
mucsitlv^ propiic talifi P. SuaLcz prafleift* 
ile libcrt^ diu. difput» i^ fcd. t. idcuTCj^tic 
docucFCatitcipfiim D. 6anaYe£itura,Sc:o- 
ms, Duratidusj & phircs alii apud MoO' 
coyam iiifp. f f.4erolQDt« Dci Cc^.j, Et 
ratio uhertorcft^ Q^ta promiflio obliga- 
roriatutn foinm cfl utilisj quaDdopiomic-» 
ten$, vel cft murabilis, vcl potcft fufpen- 
dcrevoluntafcm faciei^tlialiquid, fivcjpcr 
puram omiflionem, (ive pcr nolitioncril 
rcflcxam volitionis iimuly Zc Aoliiionis 
dircdar. Hisenimfeclufispatetpominio* 
iiem obli^atoriam quatcnuschiigatoriani 
fore inntilem & fuperiluam>arque omni- 
no contemptibilem refpefbu pr«mi{rarii« 
Cujufmodi nihil in Deo eiTc potcH. O- 
■incm acitci^^oluntatc divinam cife im- 
mutabilem «fTencialim cft cettum ex fides 
uque in Deo efle impo/Iibilem fufpenfio- 
Btm HmulUBeam irolirioBiS) tc ^d\iuomv% 



^ircdlaecirca ahquad volibile fimplicira 
A Deo Luppoprtur m prjfrenti tit ccnum 
c;t cQmmunt conftcirUjiSL ftaUilit^fn larii 
ia qq. dt Dco. 

A(3dc rrpiignatc vcrflm colligitioacm 
ynor^lcfn] cui repugcat milum ?am culpie 
^uam p^usf, Qiti^ obli^atio iTioraUsdid 
D©n potcft ocfcfliEas iTLccaphyfica dcMrmi- 
naca aliquid facienii, fed eit BcfffTKJsi^- 
ra facicdi aliqufd veJ pcccandi\ac tcbcun* 
di pccnanii fi id non H^t* PaiciiLuccm u- 
trumqj hoc malum rcpngoaic Dc©. Nc« 
iniiius cUiipatccrcpugnarcnimvcrumjiif 
advcrfusaliquem a,hic^y Tcxaeiufdcm obli-^ 
gatioiK morali, tumverim lu aliquo jti* 
iti ti a m pau i c ularcm rcfp c'£l u al i cu in s alW- 
qiie Ycro iftrus jure advcrfus illum^dtli- 
<^uct cx dAtis ju^>irt£ l^ juri^d^fiDiiioni- 
fcus. RcpugBST i:guyr cum vtrum ius cx 
partc noftra advcrlus i)cum,tum vcra ili 
X)cn julliria paiciculariser^^^a aos, 

iiiclura pcrhacc a Dco jttftniapartictt* 
-ln:i i-u ^euert, vi:i; quidquaoi fuprraddcre 
«porcet dc cchmniucativa feoiiim aut <!i- 
Jlriburivij tfto multi dict pqifcnt advcr- 
fus HtEimcjuc, AJ^rcrfus commuratiTaiB 
iLlud cft cfficflY^qnoprxcipucutirur YaS' 
^uc^. PerEtnct nimitttm ad conccpruA 
jcil c a t i alcDL j u mii s commuwvK c co n fi ir 



lacrcactjualicatem incci tlacum & «ccepru, 
imei damnum & lucrum, uci i'x'pc di&.uiil 
ell,& CKjToktum cjujLtl. ^^r^iiceJir^i, ex Phi- 
loropIijD c^p. 4. huiu&i^LLitui. Ha;c auccm 
aeqnilitas rcpuj^^trarDco,. cjui^Dcus nihii 
luCLiri potcftqujiq 111.11 1 tiubis accipicn- 
do, -itliq jccctilto Jobi.f, Si jufie egerh» 
qHtd d^f^Sit tfi ? Aui quid iUmmk tua accf - 
piet ? E c [« rfus ca j^. 1 1 Sjf^'^ / ^^^^^ ^^° /* 
iujlfn ftitris' li attt t^uid ei confertt fi fuerit 
imm^ckUta via tu^. ILaiio cii ^uia Deus 
fclblo cft arqucbratuf & a:t^uc bcnc habcr, 
at(^'icciim omnibus ichus ciL-acis, acpro-» 
iadc Qihit ip^ti» iEtretclK llve detur, (iv-c 
jaon Jcruj qujjquam crcat>imjticquecxrc«* 
bus crcans, & carum 4efct5lu quidqaaiu 
accrcfcit Dco ucilicacis,. vcl nocumenti» 
AccrcCcic vero-nubisexiis, quae Dcus ciica 
nos Facix. Patctautcminccr utile & inuti- 
lcnullam vcram cflc pofle, (id rolum,ma- 
ginariam , aut iimilitudinariam aliquam 
liati & acccpci acqualitaccm. Ergo uc limi-» 
licudinaria aliqua , & impiopria juilitijz 
comKnucacivaDei adbomincm dari pofl]r, 
vera^ tamcn, 6c (\ux piopiic talis fit dari 
ccquaquam potcH:. 

Addc quaudo cxhihemus Dco aliquod 
obfcquiu^nonfolum pra:(lari aliquid ipii 
M I .. . - ^y^"^-*^ 



i:^! 



icecum di^um cft in qq.. df gr^kria. 
cx reacceptapeusceneri minimepot 
Boflra accepta obfequiaad compen 
II f ficm , & commurationem , (cd dona 

1 cumular, dum pxxmia conferc meri 

,f|! bcraljoc utrorumquc fimul coUa 

.. .1 ^uam (i prxmia darer (iiie mericis. 

Adderurfus ex dodrina Fhiloro] 

^ 5.D.Tiiqmas & aliorumcommuiiiii 

i ^ feati contrapaiTuro eflfedc ratione & 

r'^ ceptucffcntiali jufti comnr^utaciyi r 

! "^ cec uc cancum Doeumencum pa 

ucervis' commucantium, quantum 

modi reportftt t . transFerendo in 

tanrumdem juris, &bonou]m4 qus 

ab alio cransfcrcur in ip(«j^. Rep. 

aucem Deo concrapaflum , noff 



a^ r^titiendolub domioio, quac confcrt 
DoUi^ cum ic:pijgnari[ia i ur tutk uCiic pro^ 
piicti)(ts cutus nO£ ritmus^ cdpjcci siuc' 
cjui cermipui eiin^ac io fCFUm n«cui:3, 
& non fiai Doltu i ^mulque Dtft ^ 
omnibius modis, qtiibi]i,aut Dci , jiue no^ 
ftracfTcpotrLitit, Hxcoamquc jura ac dn, 
nHniaRoii foiuni £\mt compQlTibilia i fcil' 
ctiim runr^ mutuo couEiexa eflcocialiFer^tic 
licjueceidiAisquxftjf.Vndei^aictauUuni 
cdeiseque repaAHiuij uc<|ud qi^t^fircpaf- 
fidnilocum, cumutrim<|ue fiat iu^iivifim 
ftCcelTiojuTifi & bonoium j quammaxim^ 
cxcogftari ]p9te£l, & "P^^^ ^^ ututis* 
pflite* 

Circajuftitiam <Ii ffi i b o tivamhocprae* 
cipuc obfcrvandum cft* Deum fua m»- 
Dcra impcrtiri creaturis, impcrtiendo ^i" 
xnkil unicuique dignitatem muneribus ^ 
con^^ruentcm, Quod quiafaeerenon pof- 
funt Principes, & Refpublica: crcata:, 
proptcrea ncceflc habent pro jufla munc- 
rum partione, attendereadpra/cxiftcntem 
dignitarera accipicntium. Hinc Deus in- 
firma muudi cligit ad mazimos fincsac 
muneraj quod ipfum honiinibus facere 
oon licet abfquepcccato contiaiuAitiam 
diftributivam , cujus lcgibus non tc- 
DctuiDcus, acc uricur caiuKW-iii^vo^cC^L 

M 4^ ^^ 



©h contrariam urrubicjue ratioReni, De' 
indc Dcus in conkrcndis pracmiis , ali^s- 

. quc bonis acrumuUi^dis, doq ram rcip* 
<ica<ldi|^nica;cm accipic!inu[n,<]Lia« lcn« 
gcfupcwt jnuncribus^^uam ad iuam in- 
Tcndcnii ut cam decc^t quod facir» Cce* 
le oon rcfpicit ad digniuTcm i^crirfadli- 
\ara accipjcQriuna rt^fpcclu courcrcnci*! 
aut ctiam commiinjtids quafcntis incJu* 
^cnris ipfum ; fiquidem Deo Dcmo ht" 
uefacctc potcft. Q^ioi tamcn rcfpcftns 
fupcrit didum c£l cflc dc ratioQc j uftici;c 

. diftribtiriT^, 

DcriiqucDcus Jat^tiiGtiiqiieqncd fpe* 
£:ar ad ipfum frcuncJum fc co^DdderatiEimv 
jicc /ingulii addit <^uid^ttam vcj dctra» 
ItiCt filfcm c[Uo ad fubftanciam bono* 

.. lum* propter conc^ji^fum atioium plit* 
ritim ¥^cl piticiotum, majori vci mim^- 
ri digniracc pollcotinm. Quod conitat 
ei cicaro tefttniopio Ro^nanoEum: licd~ 

«pfofirus ai;cudi modus tii piof tjus uon 
liabcncis tbc(aurum bonorum luBicicn* 
tcm pro af^uali fimplicitct compcnfa-- 
tronc fini^alorum, ^rg© mtdium Gco- 
mcrrJcucn, quod ck Philofopboj & com- 
muni confcDru ^iflum cft fupra lpc£lar« 
Bd juiihiAnk ii^u\t^iv%\m ^ tL^c<^uc dc ^ 



1- ItefnfihikiywirgkhQm. %7i 

F eias coticef^ca> l>©us non obftrt^r, ac pro* 
1 indc, nequc ucitar jtt^irria diflnbuciva. 
^^ Conftat ii^icur cx hisomnifcits rcpu^oaii 
I DcOjEum juihtiani pinicularcmcit pcn^rc 
X, fu», cum fpccialirer urram^iic ctiis ipc«* 
ciem juflinae dtilLibuciv^ ic coEumutA-' 
liva: propric £c fhide calis, 

Ad I. la tllts» alLifquc ciLifLiJ^odt Lgfti^ 
motiuSj Don alia continrtur julbcii Dd^ 
^Dara ptovidcn^iilis &: gnbcttiatrijj ;^u^_ 
^ cominuniter dicitLJt le|^ahs,r cftqLic juilr- 
tia proptja & abfquc aictaphori talts ^ 
imo efb pTima: ac piKcipLia fpccies jufli* 
EiiX commcadatij ac cclcbrata ^ PliilorQ^ 
pho lupcr omocm aliam juftitiamj fu'»^ 
initium huijs quinti j cidcmq:it; prorul* 
dubiodccct Dcumr3c ab omnibus incun* 
£i:antcr cum fumm* proprierarc admittij* 
tur.in ip(oy& fe fola' fuflicir, ad rcfiitu^ 
tionem omniumdivioarumcircanos opc^ 
Mtionum,<^uibusfIt, iK poltcriora priorjV 
bus pcr«fedc congruant, corumquc cxis* 
gcntiam «plcant adaequat^; Pcr hane 
juflitiam cxpbnuntur abfquc ulla violcn> 
tia locutiones facras dc juihtia Dci, ma* 
ximc cum illispkruraquc nou infit fen^ 
fus fchola(licus>. fcd' valgaris tc planuSj 
)4ixta quem ii Principes maxiiDC jufli di> 
d^ nc c^Icbxaii fblcBCj. ^oi aikst^xv^ 
M5 Vm% 



booo commttni i acque iu4t id CZECTir 
diriguncur. AdhsBrct auctiti Dens (umml 
boao communi » quia fuianic adka;rct 
fibi ip(i» qa,i per cireniiam zi\ bonuni 
omniumcommune» acquc indcadcjEctfa 
cmnia diiFaadicui aciendLBf Ac cxc^ 
qucns in ompibus cfuod fe m^ximtde- 
ccr» & fempcr.opciao^ quii ficdccct fc 
opcr^ri. 

Ad X, ^irmicudiiii rpei nonix fuScif 
jufticia lcgalis, Quiarartvnc hujus mcra* 
phyfic^ rcpugnac j uc pr:emia j 4c fup- 
plicia non difpenrcniui: prouc oppor-» 
tcc » k, bona rcgimint crtaturirum la* 
UonaliumomaiA^ coagruit. Nequc 7«- 
th liberalicas > gr^ciofa Dei complc- 
^ens omnes > ^ linguUs operaciooes 
divinas nobis uciles, ac favorabilcs cx* 
cludic judiciamj qua; fatitfaciacexigcn» 
tix » & quafi juri FeruRi « pra!»riftcDciitmb 
Quia Deus omniaj & fiaguU (iia.boiia \zv 
gicur porcQS quidcni fimplicicer>& abfoiir* 
lcea pcnicusncgarc» ide6quc libcraliccr. 
impoceBScamen.cz (uppeficioDc quodali- 
qua confeircYeliCy ut poftcriora priori« 
bus non ^pcc cocrcfpoBdeauc juzta di* 
Aamea ic ordinem lapieociasfuse; qujc 
t(l neccificas ad xqualcmpt^poxtionali^ 



tHkitm 'efHtztitci voTiittdartf; iS merica 
cffidaciter volHcrit. Nbn igiturfcqwiturcx ' 
Dc^^ta Dco ju[i jt^ji pjimcvtbri , incunvc* 

Ati s.Dcusoon vuhunoa^ulequi j 5c 
fc obllgare ad veram Ucutionemi&; ^li^ 
aftu fiictrcvernm i jcdurrumqnc vulc in* 
divifim pct unnma*ftwm noaexobligaiio- 
ttemdraii prdpnccaii tcdei ncccHlutc me- 
taphyfi ca hentrnmabahero fepatandj j ii- 
qui independenrer i monvo juHitix tam 
commutarivx quam dri^ribniiv^» &c ^x 
folomeilvb jufcinK lc^alisj obrolamja- 
ilamruiipfiusxAimariGncm ,vclplurib«f ^ 
expofitti^&tonffrmatum jcft q* ii,<3c¥i ^ 
n- Theol. ad 7, 

Ad4. Aliqua* virturesad alteruin dancur ' 
in Dco formalircr & adxqaate, ut qua? 
ibi cnumcrantur Alix v^ro non dantur, « 
mgratrtttdoobrcrvantia, obcdicntia, & 
fimiles. Quarum vidclicct pcrfe^Sl^io 
qui-dditativa adxquatc fmiipta fupponie ' 
cfTcBtialiteraliquam cx partcfubjcdli im- 
p€rft<5lioncm , qaalcm didum eft ertVrr^ 
tiali^tCrfupponi a, juftiiia pasticulari : ni- 
mirum fubciTc juri akcrius, & poflc 
haberc obligationettt , fetr ncccffirateni 
abfolutam aliquidfacicndialiundcquam 
atipfapr^dsffacicBiiYoluutv.vQ^^:^^'^ 



17^ S^*fiio Xl^. 

fllistfimilesimpfifcdiones dac^x fapra 
fuiu, tum io coQcepru iiiflinarparticulam 
iocommuaii cum in frcciili coocepta 
iuftitist commutatiyx , ic difhibtu^vx- 

Adf. Pliilofophnsco ialcco eii{lirigiiit 
^kitfamimpcifcdlarii > 6c utrimquclti' 
Irscivamab Amic itia pcrfcdla » qti£ in ho^ 
Bcftare, & virturefundatunarqac ilJiim- 
pcrfe£ii i cuju^ ccitcDetis n&a crt capi^^ 
tion titiicrccnnda; pcrfcdli; aDncflit cjpa« 
citarem iuftitiz, Dtinfienon cipiiTDitjdf 
^ui dctfrminate iiiflltia loc^ uacur : & aa 
dciaflitia nmplicitcrtalu lltidcicliDquic 
locum^ ucinrcUigarur dejnilitia . TcldtF 
^nbutiva, vclc^mniurativn , vcllcgalf,3c 
4c non fimplicittr raliproiR fficrii amici- 
tia.Dcmum Plv^jofophusnfquca.i»ic]tia]ii 
Dercumiiiominibusagnoyit perfedam, X 
fmpliciter talcm,fcd nec agnofccrcp©-,. 
fuit, uc colligi fiacile potcA ex di€ti$q^ 
^j.devirr. ThcoL Et quid dicenc adYcc* 
farii d« ainicicia inter pacrcna & filiumi 
d.omioum & fervum, quam non ncgac PhL- 
lofophus proprie talcm , ic cajnen negac in/- 
tereofderaius3c iuflitiam proprte& (ini* 
flicircr calia >uc appaiec cx diftis quxft. 7 
TerrusfTncm, 

Ad6. Jam pacTic iufticiam tam com« 
^uucivam ^c^uaoidalbLibuuyaaicflc qui» 



Ife }ttjthta T^fiifga heml ^jf 

qua impe^rtcdioDC tf aareaus e^ni enetitJa* 
Ittcrprscfuppoauftt ta paitc fubjtcli , ucc 
ab ea titiperfcftKsiic cximi poiic cx eo pr^- 
cisCjquUfunt YirttiGes ad aherum uc hquet 
cj cxcmplisallatiscirca quatam j tcIct c* 
prxcisequia iusakcitus , 3c DblT^acioilli 
favcD^ prDveaiuu.t cx sli^ua voluin^r^ 
prxeiiitentj ipfiusopcr^nusci j-vinitisj fi* 
qui<jcm (^cmon^hatLim clt uulia tah ife- 
lunratc ebhganti prarvenire Dcum poflV 
fuam voluntateimmcdiatccollanYamhu- 
manorum iurium & rcrum. D» Thomai 
tantum cximic viirutesad ahcrum ab om^^ 
jai imperfc6VioB« ex parte obje(fti vohtr;. 
Bon vcr6 etiam cx partc fubjccii. Agnofcie 
cnim ii^iafmodi inDpetfedionem in ilhs 
Tirtatibusadahcrum quae prslaca! funtia 
xefpondone ad quartum. 

£x quibus praetccca vitcutfbusiri» neg»- 
tis Deo communi confenfui uceidemat- 
tribui abfque abfuxdita^ce boit podimc^^ 
caque non folum quoad modum lo« 
quendi , fed etiam quoad rem ipfam> 
conda^c quaEflionem de accrLb^ueodis vei 
cegandis Deo> finguhs quibufque virriL- 
tibus» quxfunt in ufuapudnosnallatcnus 
ciTc quaritioncm de voce. fcd omnin6^ 
^calem, Quia Yid«Ucet AGa cil <^x^\c> 




f7l §H^fim XI XV 

de voce, fed rc4Li&, ^^i quam qu^ rtctir dc 
iici*qiu(^uc Yitrutc, iD ptrfc<^ia Tpccifica 
Jt diffcienttalis ipfius ftt cffcnriaHcer con^ 
BCX2 cum ahqi-ia lubjcdi, cui tnc{l, im- 
pcifcdiaDtcouveDienceipG vcl ftcuDdum 
&'} vel iilitrraiFc^Oi^n nori iictalicct coti- 
ac:iacum imperfc<5lioac? Qnod tcitc oon 
iatis coufLdcraruur, ncc uiii InpciHcialiEer 
i^gnofccie p«iiUcruQ c res ^ d e q uibus Agituf 
ijTpixrcuiij qut lufi fuDt diccrc conrro^ 
ter^jin prjtfeacem ciTe folum dc Toct»^ 
ideft non Icjluni iDUtilcm ; fcdcuam k h^ 
Ijs it^cptis & iga^ris komiuibns rctiS di- 
jjpuTabil^ 1 cum tamcn magni auHftores I 
detapluriinam idcjve jurc mcdto tiQC !t 
ioAi difputavcrint, 

Ad7- Etejas conErmatiooem, Promi»-'* 
fioncStConctat^us, iS: pa^ a non ftabiliu&-' 
tur i Deo^^luntace fc obliganJi, fcdTa* 
luiicstenobistiocificacafaciendi> fi fcceri* 
KniiSf & quidem facicndii ea ipfa volancace 
ftmmediac^, poflquam pracfticum id fucrir» 
quod ad nos ^pedl;!^ Acqnc koc ipfum,^ • 
<)uod pr2t(laDdum a nobis e(l, quodque 
^icicuroDUsin obje<S^ione».e{l uciienohis 
cciam ratione fui immcdiate. Dco verd 
iDUtile>6c abipfoporius doaatum nobis» 
<)uam ipfi a nobis. Unde (it uc Deus tptL^- 
^i rtf ^ JTQ luliuttm^ fcu ^o^lIu^ ijcQ^ortto* 



MfB congrueDiem iiicer mmh^ScfTxmix 
nao cx jullrti^ commutaciya> kd ez legalr> 
4^ gubeinatrice reddendo umcuique .re« 

fimilicudizie j (td nou cum realitaic 5c 
ceDcepiu Ipccifico emptionis, 8c TCD^ii* 
tioDis. Q^K ipfx f oces & alijc illis aequi- 
'vilenies magb dcinonfb^Di noa agi d^- 
^quAiiutepropnajiiflitiY eommurarivdr^ < 
quaHdoquidcm condac noftra meiita non 
jpa^e cdc piceiiim ica x^>i3tlc Rc^no co^^ 
iojiumj ^ beatitiitiini j diccntc Apoflcit& 
mo m^tauc um £: 1 c^ c ciTc i 11 a o m n ia co m- 
paiaca cum prctio, f£ ^iUmatiobeglofiar^ 

Ad %, Di^um efl Dcum operari circ^ 
£pgulofi prjouc ipfum decct rr juditja lc« 
gali indidinda^ dile^ione fui, Dccet 
aucem Deum,uc quantum cuiqas^digai- 
catis coatulcrit» cancundem gloriae coofe- 
xac>atquehoc ipfa collocec iu diTcrfogra* 
ia ic loco juzta diverfttacem mexitoruflfr 
& gratiae, utrumque camen finguJiicoa*» 
fercea dem yoluncace yirtualicet indivifi- 
biii Tolendo uc mcrica finc canfa gloriat ; 
Aon cameo, ut ToluAcas mericorumj aut^ 
ipfamerica,aucobligacioaliquaiBd^coa- 
fiargeas iiac caufa voluncacis confercnci% 
gloriam, €: prxmia. Ncqae uc fingulis 
icccdic ^uidqiia^ ^v^ ^^^^^ fi^^ttx 



jnajoreat vtln^iinorcm nunrcrum alfamm 
plus auc mitttfs -mertmcjum , aucproprcr 

ftificaiice»Vn*frpatecconapa!auoncm licr- 
Mfcuinrque ^ccipieDtis pra^miucuni rel^ 
quisaoopercintre^dmuausj St ftncm pro" 
prium 4c IpcciaLem juditis djfhiburir*^) 
lcdadperft^ioaem pro|»riijuftiEi3eJeg3li* 
)iabcnu£iPOU¥Uti] worvcrfalJiTimum quod 
jilble complc^iturindivi^Lvi on^Dia crcata 
tamiirationahaquam tationaba^tam purd 
f hyfica cjaan maraha^ic coiif^itajtidanez 
C0mm iiidircnmtfiaLim omnium intcrfc 
difpo^cioBem accohafreDtiam. Quodnoii 
|n i nufi eici u dir -r itio 1 am petfotia ru m ^icct* 
priouem quam juIHtiadiitriburivdf roprii 
4ida t & falrat omnia pcffc^tc, qu* in ob*- 
^c£lioneaccribu4incurdtvin« pro^identiaffr 
ic illud pr^fercifn qu(»d adducitur ez Dio» 
jiyiio nequacfuain locuto de mericis pixci» 
lic, & pi^miis • fed dt ocdi^ye cerum creaca* 
jum 4iaiytrfim omnium » 5cfin^u]aiunv, 
yodeliquccilludce(limoniuadduciabsrc> 
Cttmir£acionaliafecuBdu.fe noo ordin«Q«- 
fiur , ac proporcioQCBCUT incerfepcr ju;» 
fticiamdiftriiuciTam proprie ftfbi^teta^ 
fem ». uteft in con&flo ctiaoi Zfni ad» 
Tcrfarios. ' > 



iMficSc ftrjif^c Ejlcm. Qj^ia ncgati aon po- 
tedjuftidim kgale"^ » & proviJetttialem 
Dei h^bcre aliqMnm li^iJiUuiiQ.cni ^alo« 
gicam & ina^^rtjrt^ratn ciim jQfliri^i cum 
commutatiTa, tiyrn diftnbtiti^a propric 
tali jquitcnLisc^ur.a parie tiDicuique tti- 
. ijuitt^^iant^m cxigir pctfci!>io c/us phyfic% 
Ir bonitas m^^alK permdr, arque ti null^ 
^\ix citifttrrct cptitas pr^tditapeifcdione 
aliqua, autmerito j fivcmajori, iivcfri» 
non > fiTC ^quili^ ^uo4 fpc^lar a^ 
imiiationecn pfliiiaf commuucirx: 
& rx^hap^rte nihil pcragit circa aliq^Jam^ 
velrcmvcl pcEfoftam iljrqnt rcfpcttiiad 
crterftomnia , £c flngtila conteBcain uni» 
f erro,atq«ei:a cotiftituiridoocimift pitU 
chcitimam uniuffuiuri^i^t rci ac pcrlon^ 
cumcsEttrisomnibus, ac fingulis propor- 
tioncm, & confcBantia^m , quo4 fpeAat 
adimitationcm juftitisediftiibutiva!. Vn- 
dccijFcdum cft, ut interaliosDivusTho- 
raas aliquando foli jufticix commutativa?» 
aliqunndorolipotius diftributivae adfcri- 
bat divinam prxmiorum aliorumquc bo- 
florum partirionem Qvix non alitcrin con- 
cordiam vcnirc polfunt , nifi accipicndo u* 
triufqucgeneris tcftimonia de iuftiriaco- 
nittcacxYa)& diftiijaciyaquoad aliquafo- 



lam cum iiriaquc fimiluudincm ratinoe' 

roaCaietaiius in prxfcnti qiiaefl,^ .atl, 4« 
ciicacf^rpoD^oncm ^d pcimuna, 

QJ^j£ST10 XX. 

Vtrttm canvenUf hstmni- jtiflitis smt f ajw* 

mutJUi^VA 0itt difirikHiivst f§* 

ffe^i* Dti \ 

VI » E T t R'tttr»m(^ut coiTCBir*. ti^ 
Quii qu04 jii commutirivam atrr* 
ticc, cidcni e(t oblig^atia icddcnili' 
Dcoqu^raDtDci, atqucei[t :cddt«d) h«* 
iuiait^Lia: fuQt homiDJs^ juxu illud Mnax- 
xhxi 11. II. Reddih ergo qHJi funt CjifMrit' 
Cdfsri > c^ ^iVA y^^^ i''' sD»^. Qux autcm • 
fUnt homiaisj redduacur homitii per jufti- . 
tiam commutaciyam. Ergo pdr clodcfn ' 
rcddanrarDco qusTunt Dci. Aliascom^ 
paracio cflcc ipcpca,ac difparata^ cum ca- 
mcn fada fit a Chrido Domino. 

i.Pcccata hominuin habcnc ycram ra-t 
ttoncm injuriie-.advcrfus Dcumy ci cosi- 
muni confcnfu Theologorum mulciplici-' 
tcrcanfirrhato cz facris littccis, & faodVit 
J^iirribus. Ratio autcm injurix coincidit^ 
ciuu xatioftc iniu&iux * v^* ^^"^vu^xw^t^- 



in tcj qui cftabljgatus ad oppofi* 
jufliciaj ai3t commnt^invai aui di- 
Ti : maximc vcr^ei c*mmmativt ^ 
^tDjurla th advccfus perfouam £ln« 
1 fccuiidum fccottridcratani* 
^oJaitiuct ad^diltiibuciyam. Dc» 
i dtUct ciihusfervata pioporcioofr 
js dinjQitaie» tta ut ctihii&Dco cx''^ 
exccdat proptrtiotialiter culriAl ^ 
uni alii$j qnaicuns cxccdic digniuS ^ 
gDirarcm cictcrofum. OUfeivaurii- • 
cjufmodi propoitiofiis pertiuet ad - 
,m difhiburivam j ut diditm cd iii,^ 
prxccdetiti. £rg6 ea excrceturpro» 
rhominescrga Dc«ra. 
co convcnit vcrum jus proprictarisi 
ftar cx, quacft. j. Verum autcm jus 
:tatisfundat circaalios vcramobli* 
em pertinentemadYeram iuflitiaai 
bibutivam, fcu eommutativam, uc 
tur cx dcHnifionibus iuris &.iu{li* 
>radati$ inviccm coUatis. ErgoaW 
rYcl urraqueea iuftitiaefVadmitrea» 
aminccrgaDeun!. 
Dicendum eil> neque commutatw 
neque di(lributiv»n iuflitiam fim- 
:r, & propric talcm convenire homi<- 
cdluDci, NoB quidcm commuta- 
, ^uja hzc coa£dciat igci^otil^i xi^ 



W4 Qn^fii^ XX* 

tqualcs undiitumcfl Ttjpra fx PKilora- 
jplioi qnod timcn ceGK-cla Dci tiLijiE^uain 
nlti inrr,a'Jt tub ulb jJCione formiilL lo- 
cum habcc. D'£iuiic coritraf a<rum cft dc 
conccptUi CDfnmut;iciT3i;uc di^um cd e^ 
codcm Phil^fophc j Q^od n^v timenri 
p3rte Dci dari poct:R « q ui aihil p;iti paccllt 
jjtetiK cx parLc nofha camparaTioDC Dci> 
i^ quiicm toca uiiliras fu^tum, fjoilri- 
lum q u c opcta c 10 n u m , & rci u m n f»b i s m a^ 
nct prfvaieiis nDCumeaio cemporali ^ A 
(|uodpacimii{:ciusgucii. D^miiiii arqua* 
litas Arichmeticacic limiliicr dcfacictpcti 
c)ufdem juflicis » ut ditf^Hm itidcmciic:! 
Philofopho, £1: aVus. j£qualiras siucem 
Arichmcticaca coDflicui nuuquam porcA 
iotcrDcum & homiiiem,tum quia dic^ni- 
tasDcij & iusiacafundacumtcnditin in- 
finitum rjETicachegorcmatic^jrum maiimci 
quiarcsomncs»ac opcracioncs homiois cr- 
gaDcum & Dcicrg^homrncs , (ttQturilcs 
loli homini, & prorlus itturi)cs D^o. la:t:t 
ucileturen & prorEus inuulc nulU poic^I 
cHc^qualitas Atithmccka , quxiimilitci 
lcpugnac inter utilc , Sc purcdccecs abf- 
^Liculla ucilicatc. Ead^em porto eft inc**™* 
fticufurahiliras inutilijm j acnoccntium 
cum pyic dcdcrcntibu^ nshilquc nocca- 



^ia^ 



--• -^ -.-.;, r-\' -.,_.;- 

s^ahernm adDeam £ii;oDeqiiepeccao* 

^jiicqLrcbcDC opeiiDdo poteft conftjiui 
» hoti^rBc afqualita^ Arichmtrcica aut m* 
iju^licasfbiinaliitr oppo^ta huic xqua« 
ati,if.r^o ncqyciuitiiia co-mutfttivucxcr* 
ri poicfljaui cojiiiiiKtUDjiiftida oppoii- 
huic iujlici^ ab homiDC crg:i Dctim^ 

SrdntqueiaftinadiftijbiKiT-icffcpo* 
ftithcmine Ecfpc£lii Dci* Qaia digni- 
'sDticfl incomparabiUs cum dif^&itati- 
jscarteroiumi iiequeDcus accipeie po^« 
ft ab homific mtiaus aliquod j aut juAj 
^rrefpo adcc s ci tis d ig m ta c i> a ut cc d c n s i o 
nUiacciBparEim ipfii», partim poAiam^; 
uodtamcD di^um cftcflcdc conccptuia- 
itiac dithibuiiTa; propric & finipHciiet 
hs* QnaproptcT ius Dei ad^crfui nof 
3n eft iimpliciter tale i fcd diuiBum 
i eum modumquo quaeft. f. didumcft 
: juTepaterno> herili ^ oeconotcico. 
Iquc racione mulro majori ^ manife- 
iori uc apparetcrdiiflis, Quaproptcrius 
ci fas potius appellacur a D> Thoma^ 
aliis communicer> id«ft iusfupxa om* 
e ius, & cTcclkDcius io fuo^oDceptu-; 
uamfic ins <quod obfer^ac juilicia par* 
cularis , idcoqueipedairs adreligionem 
ocius , olDcdicnciam , cjiarrtacem > & ali^ 
>(unilcs7inures» fUtlMi^toUS)^ t^f^tL 



I 



jartUi» pirticulju colimus Dcum/^a^Jem 
porr^ tationc , qua a{-|^atLir utraque ju^i* 
tia hominf rc(^cdlu Dci ^ urf^anda quoque 
cft AtJgflisrcfpcdu cjufdcm, Vi^cac cnim 
;&qual]ii[.qaoaiiuirolqu<;iacioncs proptt* 

Ai I, ^cflimoniam illud ei Mathit» 
«ccipicudum ;:[^cui¥i «linribiifivneaecom*' 

- moda^ut qux fuQC JiomiDis tcddauturpcc 
iu£ticiamc<^mmutati¥ami qua: Dci perre- 

.ligionem, Q^araccommocia,'^ Qonomoi- 
po arquaUcei fimilis quoad utrumquc cx* 
tremuiurenigfricia admittCBJaeft abom'- 
'^ibus quoAd concepm fuitacis codetn m%^ 

-do coaccQt* io co tcflimonioj^qitacidoqtti* 
^^emfaitasrpc^^asid Cv^farcm crat fuitat 
'Util i tati s & b cri i fuitas v cro Dci fo 1 i us A- 
ceUc Qti X ,ac dece tiUXt 1 1 J a rc fpi ci ens ii acm 
'Cui utihviiU {»cTfcdjbtlcm pt^rbonafQJi 
IJixcrefptcicnf fincm tui ioliuscrcellcnci« 
jninim^perfe^flibilcm laue ut fic dicatuf, 

- ■fa:licirabilcmpecboaacreaca. Vndc Cim- 
. ifcus Domiuus dixit ea vcrba adiudicaas 

tCaefariutilitacempccunijf i Dcoliouotcm 
^&cultum. C^xfuncdirparia* 

Ad ^. PccMta hf^miuun conciDcjlC 
*iatioocm iDJuriar noi) oppofitam fbrmi^ 
'litcr juiHitKpariicuIari , fcd quoddercttui 
«alco^ft t^riQWb) Q^a^^%^\\«. > \n(VttiJe 



IcgaHj& cburic^tj Vndcptccatishomitiuia 
coouzDeum <leeftranoiciuftirixpropn^ 
tAli&Don pcr ilcfc^tuin, fcdpercxccfruin 
ntalitix, & ntFaspoEiusruQtquam iujuf^i* 
tia* Ecquidcm urio iBJtiri^aivcrfiisDe-' 
"iimcftcoinmuoisoinBigcncri petcacoruitt 
quaicousopponiturpTiccprisiiTiiais^qu,^ 
{nnx zStusjmhii^i^nu form3ljrer>& noti 
pToprictariSi tdcoqae convcrribilis effc 
B**n poteH: cum iDJuJUna proprie, &c ftu<^4 
talt i t{iix vidclicct conjiotai fcuTDiliierfa* 
lum lus pr<*pnct4tis* 

Adj^ Culrus cihfbccur Dfoper Tirta- 
tcm icligionis rifiquam iDComparabili 
<|uoa^ irgBiritem ; cum omai alii dtgni* 
tatcj ideoque cuims ip/i debicus CcrYat 
proporcionsm cum culcu alioium» ooa 
propri^ Gcomctricafcdimpropri^, lc ^» 
.siilicudiaand tanctim , quia neatrii>6 
cxtrcmi auc repltcacion« aut diminijti^- 
•tione poteft perveniri ad a^^iulicatem 
jArichmeticam. Adjuftitiam aucem diftct* 
butivam pcrtinetproporjionalitasGcomc- 
trica , propri^ talis inccr dignitate$& rc« 
corumquidcbentcompararipcreamiufti* 
vtiam, EcprxccreaadexliibGndumcuItunw 
Deo cum omni iuftiria feu acqualitatc 
•ponibili crgaipfum, nihil optiseftDeum 
«comjpaMrc >aut etiam QuaiiQ. c^tcio^t^^ 



cum iHU* Qn_ia habct Higoitatcm ctikeJ 

Ad+/Conftfctct q* +,t)ca non eontc 
nirc jits pUtdc ptopricurisj Ced quod itiJi' 
-virioi cft jiuir^iflionis ordiaacum jd n»( 
Hjam uiilitatcnij quaknon cfl jus cx qui 
fpcci^catur jutlxua comniiKdUva. 

QS ^ S T 1 O XX L 
'J^rrtim ihttr Ai^gchs 0> komines d*tMf IB 
fiUiik mt cammutaiivi^ AUt dtJirU 
iutiiHt^ 

VI i> t T y a Dctitrius ju^flhiic iDviccm 
cxcrcetida; cflc capaccs, i, Quiaboc* 
Angclomm propriaj&qQx funtpto* 
^iia bomiaum tion ponViat icduci a<i ir* 

SuaUtatcni* Diferuut uaTnqiicfpecie fub* 
latialitcTf idcoq^i hibcDt ornDii diflidcd* 
X\i fpecic^uoad fubflanciama & incom» 
iDctifuTibilu abfqi ulia c^mmutii mcDru^ 
^^ alicujus Aqn^afftimabiH^j abuttirqLJf» 
per CDmparationeiri, ad quamicdigl pov 
^nt, ad jcqualitatcir , aut Aiithmcticiini, 
. ^«ut Gcomctiicam. Quod- Aiauiftft^tur 
magis coiaf4.teodo ftnguhs uicimqLic fpe« 
'ties rccum, Pccunia^ tiamquc» Faliti«: 



K 

l 



jiomJDibusj nuUitis fuut ulus 
fpc;cicsi/ij.pi:cfla'Angdoiii>habitus v^liin- 

tota tpr^tum fitpcUcx iunc icipci 
nis LtiuciUa, nuJliaiqr ufuh acpi 
ac(litnatioDi& ^licuius. Ea^cmt lu^ - 

ca^rtrisejuffModi omnibus. Qu2 ^i^^ira 
icterCecompitajr — -^-"-^-a ^^^r coni- 
fnutativx^EKrque -.Atcrixcirq 

po^tiaFv quando' |ue ciTciitia- 

liter iutciidit 3EC :iiii 

t.AngtUiD^cj ■■^rampoiruntcrer* 

ccrc |uflitLjim. ' irativim qtiidcmy 

quia dqUus An{ , -^<iigcc bocis ahe«> 
lius ; atquc origu i.ommui:2tiat]is cfl a^u* 
tui camuiiistjumindigcurisi» uc ii^fii di* 
CccuicxPhiltsropbOi Dcindc bona uniut 
J^ugcU aon funt trausfciLbiUa ad ahciuiny 
quia omsia Ans^clorum bona rcducuntuc 
ad accidcDtia iola Uiiicuique eoium in- 
trinfccai acque commuutiofiecinonpo- 

' ceft abfquctraB&lati^ne mutua bonoium, 
JDiftributiya fimiHtci: repugn^c. Quja 
AageU immcYliiti^ obcineut a Deo quid'». 
quid l^ccinec ad eorum digQicaccm. £r« 
go flpo dependcnc invicem ilcer ab al* 
ceriu^ Tolu&cace> jc opexe quoad pro- 
foxtioMfm^ j|f pr»pott;oE^cuctci ^^. 



dignicatum, & raiineruni aucreruin. IBip 
Don poiTunc exercere invicem jafticiaiii 
diflr^bucivam. Ergomulco minaspoflaot 
homines & Angeli mvicem exetcore al- 
tcrucram jufticram. Quia ihuho magil 
didicienc inrer fie» mulcoquje minas invt- 
cem dependcnc homiaes & Angeliiqaafil 
Angeli incer fe. 

3: Juiticia diAiFibutiva, ic obligatiii 
quam iprarefpicicredigunrarad juftitiam 
commucacivam> & ad obligacionem quam 
reCpicit, uc conceodic Va(qiiez> quacenul 
comparacio iticer dignicites» & muneca 
(ingulorum fpe^Uns ad jufliciam diftrt* 
'^l^ucivam, ide6 in(licQicu;;,uc inde fubia* 
carurquodaniefuiquefeordm fumpco de- 
bctur ex juftitia-corBmucaciva. Cumigi- 
ti?rconIlcrcxprimaraticncinccr Angelos, 
& homincs jufticiam comuracivam cxer- 
«cii minim^ pofTc, concludicur ncque di- 
ftrrbuti vam altcrutra ez parte circaalccram 
cxcrccri unguam poflc. 

R.Qu2r(hohxceft paryi momenci. Di- 
eendumTer^primo cft iufticiamcomma- 
rativam utraiibecex partercfpe^lualreriuf 
dari proprie,ac ftridVe, atq; exerceri poini 
{^Uem qiio.ad commutatloncs involunra* 
ms> de quo commutationum generc dici* 
j^ift fjiffa. &ixio tft ^uia cam homiaa; 



B/ jtiji, infir Jimg. tm. 

iiiADgtli rant capaccsiuLisquirqiterui • 
irfus omnes alios, arquc adcoj hc mu^ '' 
obljgatiotiisiicin jnnpliao^i iei.unQos 
'liac liberracis cum jidura alioitim 
:iit cflim ccmuntm Pnncipciii Deum 
ercientem iuiguUs boaorucn cumulura 
iliarcmlcge taca, tit iUisiraacaLK, cof 
iem iiircrviant utilirari aclibccjc dis-- 
cion:. P:iittautcni iiidemiui^^ccm ho- 

bonorum , & poftquam larfio fada 
it^icftitutioiicmpertincreadiuftitin^Ti 
mutativam, quatcnus modcrantem. 
.mutationcsiavolunrariasncfianr,etii 
as fneiint rercindaatur conftituta «- 
licate Arithmctica, non intcr rcs unius 
:s alterius, fcd incer rcs rpcd^ances aft 
mquemquie> & ius cidem convcnicas 
ddcrafis eaccnus uc arqualibus : fc^ 
nde atqiic ii nuila ineftec arqualicas* 
bnis, licctabfalut^ in fe ina:qualibus« 
t quidem ratio cfficacicer conviocic 
ad commu^ationes faltem involunca-: 

Quiacum neque AngcH,ii«que ho^ 
es (inc impeccabiUs cz fua naciira, nec 
nai«t racio) cur peocare podinc in alia 
eria potius q^iam ia maxcria iuftitias 
rcndo invicem nocumenca quoad fa* 
n^, &c honorem, aiiaque £milia fcc^iym. 
UA iidJusprQprictSLti% coxura>tM^T.>3Lvv^ 
N X oc?5i 



peccaio injiidit^x, Q^o<i peccatu-ni cxna* 

& rciarci ci^ Ji n ocb m cn n» m 1 1 i a ru m . Q u o4 
k <^ll optis jultinns cofnfnutinvsf^ f ofTunt 

Igicut lioc pa^e excr<:crc mtiruo juflixiam 
I cooimucativa-m Apgcli &: homiDcs- 

DiccD-Hujn rvifus eft juftjtiadiflnbuii* 

iram npqut Afi^cJos erga hoRiines nequt 
"^ iiotnincs cri^i Angclos, cicKcic de fa^O 

^ifturtt cflpcrrincre jd JiincjufticiaininaQ- 
''• f|viam niatc^riam pVopriam, & ad«^ttaiam 
tjos. Dcus peilcipliam AQj^tlisdillribuit 
^fnvrtdiAro quoad partem fpc^aEircm ai 
^ploi, Parrcm aurem qusc (pcdtat ad ho- 
"^^.ines, cifdcm d:ftribuendam cominifit 
«Uiiu;c copforcto Angclcnim lu jurci & 
^\3pric dittribu?'n<iu Non nci;atur camca 
'Toirtbilcni ahfoSucc eilc iufliii^m <lrfVri- 
imiyam %\.\m Angclctium inicr tc, ntm 
"^netloium fimul, & kf>m'num iurer lc, 
Moflcuim ajiparct undc repvignec,ut De» 
*ns eo modo coininitctE :»rlutrio Aci^cla* 
^um, Be homioura diftributioncm mmit- 
j:um confercDtiure id boiifm ucrorgjn* 
«f\Le communt Ilmulque {prciak corum 
AiiibusiUiie^tarcBcurdcteimiDacc Sa» 
jpcrcrac ut uluavo Voc^ tx^<i%tt«^>ML^\tij 



iTtf /ff^. mur Ang. r^r , %fi 

<jtic juftiria liiccr piir^m 6i filirini,danm- 
aum & rciviim , mi.iritiiiTk & nsorcm ve* 
rum cftrta facUis jJ:Rodaii\ & caivis oK-^ 
■wia cft circA iitys cotirequciitu ci ti]i5}i* 
i^uxiL f^de imunLis ^arum }iiiibus^ ailiiL 
frcccLlf cfl cim iit teradilliii-^iusadjiccrCt 
qaaodo m.iaifrfliim tjlhjititiam tiLiJUS* 
Cujiar4:]ue fcqiii «amram juris ctrea quoil 
-f ccfatur, ar(|uc iat ii^^nimperfornammjC» 
in ZocQ cTpofuurn faii cUrt^, 

Ad I. lliud aFirumcnium folum probtE 
fnucu&m A&i^doi^umj & homii^um ioca* 
^acitaicm <|a9a4 cDmmaiationcs toIuA' « 
rari^s* pcr <juas 5£ Atigdu* i4 homiEicmj 
& ^omo ^d Aiigi:lum transrcratic ali^aid 
cum arquAlicare Arithmctica «(limaDili* 
cacis ister dacum Bi acccptumvQux xaua- 
licas repugnac inccr c^urlibec beoa iub^* 
ftanciarumincrinfecc inxqualiu atq; fpc» 
cieintcrfcdiilidcntium,idquc propccr ra- 
tionem ibidem eipenfam > qua? caccncis 
cflefficaz. Cxrcramquoadcommucacio^ 
oes invoiuncaiias, dc quibusfuicfupcrjor 
conclufio, cadcm racio nilul probac. Ni<^ 
liil cnim prohibcc ablacam: alrcui a (ub--' 
ftancia iaxqaali ctTe arquale redicuco ei* 
dcm percaDdcmima cflacceAecireJKquit^ 
Je Arichmecic^, (i coca<n reAituacuC)(^aod 
fatxat iniaHc aWarum, ut 6u\ y^ocvsX- 



dubio pcvteft. DeindcpoflSbileitidpn ri? 
dctur Angelos intcr fe accjuales execccte 
iiivicem iufticiatn.commutatiyam ctiam 
((uoaJcommutationes voluotarias. -Qoia 
£unt.capaces aliaciorum bonotum ezitta« 
i^corum, ut laudis, honcris> aIiorum<]uc 
e}urm<>diofHciorumatquequoadharxpo« 
td\ ulcto> citrqque a^quaiitas coBdicai 
jtntcr a?qualesj eftb raro , & yriit UDquaai 
cjurmombonaiibi inyicem piarilicuri t>^ 
dcantur Angeli etiam in nati; viatoris/aiii 
. ctiam pura; oaturx, fedex liberalitace» dc 
purabenevolcDtia uti plerunaqQC fic inru 
Aominesquoque abundancesbonorufli>ft 
Aobiliter iAvicem familiares. Atque bo« 
obiter. 

Adi. Patet exmodo didViscjuoad }.afti« 
tiam eommucativam ; quoad diflributi- 
yam ver^ ex di^tis ad qnazdionemin po- 
fieriori parfe. Ad |. patet indidem fufH- 
«ientcr, ni(i quod principium ibi afTum- 
ptum a Valquez nequaquam fubfinic. 
Quia cx di^is in quaelk i8. circa naturam 
juf^itix diftcibujtivap , & rationem juris 
rpecialis^quod ipfa refpicitincer dignica- 
tes, & munera fingulorum, patet non ad« 
hQcinflitui,utf(ibducatur quantum uni* 
cuiquedcbeatut ez iuditiacommutativa» 
Sce^j urc uaicujufc^vxc ^^x^^\^ '^\.^y^\^-\ 



U^ 



'Bijfip mtfr .i4rrr^ ^er 19 f i 

feel iit filtirur in mcitiia dign ui j fc ^ 

imiDcrum collationC) & iinmtiiiatciati^- 
fijcjuii fndividuocommupiiatisfimulj dc , 
perfonJE paiticisJaiis it^uci & iuvmcdii^id - 
pertiuetrE^ad ucJ^riit^ue, ricc idonea cuca 
quod vcfTatiir j kiiluia CQminui:Ativa> 

Qv M s Ti o xy;!!, 

Vtrum juftttia 'vindifAtivit /tt Jpecies ft*fti^' 

tit, ^armuUris itidij^fnc^fi^ a lu^iii^ 

tvmmutMtsvti. 

VIo iTTR. cffc indiftitsfl-a a joflltia. 
commutativa. I. Quia juflirisi puni- 
tiva conilituiearqualitacem intcipec- 
catum ^ p(rnam> CQnlHtutio auccm x^ 
qTialitacis cft propria juftiriae commucai- 
tiva:. Ergo jufticia Tiodicativa cH indi^ 
ftindla a commurativa, 

i- Judci tcnetur ei jufLiua commuta- 
tivij ad rcfarcjcndum omt>ia deuimcTicat. 
quae Reipubli^ri aut pcrfonis privaiis [iro* 
vcncrint ei injufta rcLlemm impunitate* 
Nou aurcm ad hoc tenetetur tx jut^itia 
fommutaciTaj fi no.n cinerccur^x eade(i\ 
ad vindi<f^am , & punitionem fcclerum, 
Ad candem namquc virtuccm pcuioec 
prsecavcrc nocumencum anceq^uam v^fe* 
racar, ad quam pcrciact ilWd. itt^^-cw.^ 



29^ ^^fih XXII^ , 

poflquam iflacum cHty uc paulo poft dice" 
tur. Ergoadusxuiliciaf puniciva? cfkadVns 
iuflirix commucacivx» Accedic D.Tlio* 
siasdoccnsquaeA. loS. art. a. ad i. pani* 
cionem pcouc-xefertuc ad publicam iufti- 
tiafnedeadtumjullicias c'ommucacivar« 

R. Juniciayindicativa hochabeccx ge* 
jaeri^ luo> uc non cam ordinecurin Qcilica* 
tcm eiuSi circa qocm ezerceroi:» (|uam lA 
Yitiliratcm aliorum. Hoc enim praeftac» «C 
• carteri Fcsliciterrapiancin capiteiniipicA* 
tis. Nempe reus rationedeli^licompara* 
tur. jumencis i&Hpiencibus, & fimilif ft 
illis* Atqi^e cnm homo ob dignicaccm ■*• 
tuc« rationalis hoc habcac propriam » at 
Sr» & ametur ratioiM fut» utque ordioen- 
^nr in utilitatcm e|uS| quz circa ipfam a- 

f^untur; ratione peccati decidirab eogra* 
u czcellentiaf y & honorisjatque per poe- 
xam oidinatur in bonum potidlmum a* 
liorumiUcbcuca.folumque hoc Cihi dei&- 
clefupereft beneficiumproprium rationa- 
]icatis,uc poennmconvercac in bonumpe- 
•uliare fuum per virtutem patieatia? , Bc 
propofitumemcndacionts. Quxratiocftj 
«rb quam eadem i)Ia > qux quis libencer 
perferret ez charitace» mirericordia, auc 
alio (imili m.ecivo, aegr^ ferac, d injun^ 



«i. 



i Be fttfiitm vifidicMt. Sg7 

I exaffcvtu pijcciic pULiictidj, C lJcIi- 

dam fe. Ob fimilcru latioricm q-ix c|uis 
fjpontc fua par^EUS ciat ficejc, aut ouiii- 
tu>aac exc(|^tiituriIIibe:£ikeLacccdctite jtis- 
j3opC| & dire^ione aheuus } ^ aUujJe 
DOa accrefc^i aliud Uonum, ia <)uc»^d ipfc 
atBciacur. Qma vtdL^irct cacenus fecuni 
agiiuruccumfniciusluflfictentc fibifr acauc 
iniligctitcpfatceptOj & ^ircfVionc altcpAs. 
Ertaucctn dt rictODe juflidj:: pircicuiarLs 
£mpiiciier, & ftri&c ta]is> maiim^ ver6 
commutacivx, ux jus fuunci uaicaiqttc til* 
baar^fuucn utique firicatc praprietatis> 0c 
jurfiis eft de racioGe Kuitis juris^ut infcr" 
Tfiar ijtilitati ptopri^ fub^jcili^ CLti iaefl' 
uti fxpc di(fium cft. Hoc autcm ttc^aa* 
quam C0Dvenic4igaicatiAfeuqaa(i digni* 
t*ti ad pocn^m proTCtticnti cx dclida ut 
liquct cx. difcurfu fatao , & cx co praece- 
xea, quia licetol) indifpoiitionem aui* 
mii qaae ccrn.i:ur ia deUnquccvtc prx^- 
yideacur poeuam noA eire ipix profu* 
turam> iiiBigicui niKiloininus > quando 
cft pura po&niv 'QjMindo vcro non c(t 
piuapo&na noA pcrciaei catenus ad jifti* 
tiam punicivam citt& indiiflio, fed vcl ad \ 
€lui:iu(em> Tcl adiBifeiicos^^^ i^\^^H.% 






* ]^t9 uc comparatur cum to qai ptiititur, I 
nccct^cadcm cum juiUtia commucativa> j 

i^ iiec cft ipctics jufliua; parcicularis pro- 

) fUt & ftti£te. 

9 Vcrum ficquc relatc ad RcmpQblicam». 

* cuiobftiiDgitur iudcj cx officio ad viDii- 

* ftam & puuitioncmdtli^toruirf, ncquetc* 
jVl^arcad incicmnitacem perrons paiticuli? 

lispcnticticcm ex pupitione deiiifti, cll a^ 

i ^us luRitiA commutativA pu&iiio <icli* 

t £tj, Sicuc enim Dux oiiluia:! ctiamfi pa- 

. circa.n]rcumKcpiiblicaL decius incolunTi- 

tatc advcrfu^ intmici>s, pusjnat Dihilomi* 

11 us Ciim hofte» & Tidotiam uarcifcitur 

, pei virtuccmfottituijaiSj & nooperyirta* 

tcm iul^itia^ corfimucacivar ; iracrlaui Ju- 

t ilcx, utcumqucj pacifcacuc cutn Rcpnbli-^ 

caj cieq tuturimincdiaccj & formaliter po- 

■ icioDcm pcr iufliriam TiDdicfltiTam ba» 

' benccfn pro raotivo formali koneltaccin 

proporcionis incer poeDamj ^ pcccacum* 

& noii ius' prepricratis couvcniens, aur 

communitati^ aut cuiquam perronat par- 

ficiilart* PuDitiocnitn tiftia rationcfot* 

" ffiali nulli tali iuri immediitc fatisfacjc,. 

- fti habct honcftatem fuam peculiarcm in- 

^ Jcpendcnccm immcdiat^j lc formaliter ab^ 



1 



Eun^ rup,i Rcpubhc» a Ju^Jice, & oUliga- 
tio rnJc rcful[igsaJ iadcmiinaum iphas^ 
Kcipublicxj &pertonAium patricularium 
pcndcntcm jtpunitiocic fotum c;fiicu j uf 
Judtx perTirtuEcm iuftinar cc»mmucati¥« 
poSt impeiarc a<!^Uin puninonis ^aem 
^einde jnamcd]^ECC}£C(^uacui: iuftiria vin- 
^jcativaj Don vcio ui iuAiiia commuiati* 
va immxdiarcmovcaruipropria i & pccu- 
liari honcfAarc piinttionif, quod tamed 
ntfefTc crtct ut juftitia tommQrativa iibi 
afcilccric aftum puoitioiiii , ut irniirtio* 
&a 4 Tindicativa fub altqno tandetli fe»- 
fpcdu, ^ comparacione, Igitur iullitix' 
vi n<l i cat i va « d x^w a t c cft' cx tx a tot u m ge--' 
MsiuHiti-x^parri CHiltrisum rclatca^cunk • 
'C|.ui pouituc><^uam relat^ ad 'quoslib^t a« 
lios, atque^ita docet D. Thomas zx pro* 
fclFo toto illo an.2i qu£ll«io:8; 

Ad I. jEqualicas propria iuftitiac com.-^ 
nMtcaeivx^xft AKirKmeticav eaquc mya i^» 
tcr rcs fecuutliim fc^ ,fcd ^um rcfp^Slu ad 
iura cuiufquc, ut didlum cft quasft. 9^» 
aaquaVit^s autcfA Jnt^r ptccattrm Bc f Oe- 
nam tft folttm prorpotrtiocialisy'' )3«c eadl ^ 
nien(u^i;»t ius uVlmn pi^oprietaiis imme- 
diatc, & forra^Htcr* 

Ad z\Ut Jadxrx reQeat\u a4 i^&ix^Q?QS«\« 
i*itm d^mi^um cmergcus qt iov^^^v\.^x^ 



Aitiam comniuaitativam dtrcdc $c im- 
ineciiaie j fufficiccni^Ti , Ci abea dcpCDdtat 
. jnediat^ ptr modu itnpcr^ncis.NcQ; iiiiid^ 
«jaamatiuddoccicoiDlocD D. Thunu fcd 
Jkocipsdomnin^. Solcc bicquzri nmilitcr 
m^juflitialegalisriEfpecicsiu^ici^panicu* 
laris feu rimplictcer di^jr.Vcritm dc hic 
Ecdidum jamcfloporciHic, 5c cx profcflo 
qiia;fl. ii.Q^rc cumnufla pr^tcrea (pe- 
cic« juftiTiaexplicaudafupcpriti dcc circa 
iQiuxiisfpccialiccrconcraLliccQtcijafticia:, 
autdi(tributiYa?3 aut commataciT^ qui 
^arnfpccia.l^eeroccttrfat , ultrjicaqiix f« 
f eriusdi^afuuc ctrca miiiriasia commtt- 
AJjquodadinEenigcatiaintcpMationisct 
xum confcrrc poflir» oportec hanc ipfAiii 
tej?aia.tioncin iniEneducc anucdere. 

pr QJfjESTIO XXIII- 

ftrkm^^ptufkfit^9luntgi tus fHuni^ ffi^ 
Ufjim UfUCHifUitrikncMM ? 

VIdetvr ncjticflei. Quii reftitutifl 
eft a^us juftiriat parcicularis, Erga 
babec idcm motifnm idscquitan 
i^uod liabct juft^clt particirlaris. di^ui 



d 

•"1 



r tl c Litari s eCc i u s iifi i ti bcuj uscj j .^ i (i fc^ 

Erf!^o ^dem co^lcm ntado iu^ii^tumj 3c 
non prour J^efiim farmalircrell etiamoti* 
Tum^ liljfqtuciim rcflirutfoDis relar^j ad 
^viD^ quidditas cjus expotii & de^oidc^ 
cjusitadidcbcr. 

X. Reftirtitio fatisftcit ei , qiii paJTus cft 
injufticiimquoadcDiu nacaci>etitum to-> 
«lcTcfaUaLis, & quoad totum iuiconvc* 
niefiscidcm adverfusaggtc^rorcm^Paricnci 
antcmcouTeDicraciouc ipjnrix ius quod-^ 
<iam pcculiare advcHus aj^grcfTorcmquBi 
«BteaDPQhaKebat, quodque pr^indclxdl 
Boe po:uit ttmp&re ictJTiiixr iUat;r. Quia 
Injtiriaiss uhra rcm tbbtim rcncctirad pc&* 
Dim fubcutidjm 3cad pTacandumiQJuTia-^ 
lum, & CDnfeq uf orer injuriacus acquirir 
ins DOTum quoad hoc. Hrgo rcHiicucio aoq 
iribuitfolumius priustarlum. 

5. SirefticncioTcrCaretur fosmalirercir' 
caius laefum bod difliDguererur ab adla 
pQcoitcnci», Quja poeDicencia ez fuo co»« 
ccpcucfl yircusreparaciYa iuxis laift* Cec- 
tumauccm eft redicucioacmdifliBgui co« 
calicerapQBDicencia, * 

4. Reflicuciocommunicerdefiniturrfi^* 
iiti9 rei ^ccefU: dt^mnliUaticomftnfMio: 
inAtfUftlitHtis fdSli, formaliter vtl ffiate^ 




r ^i €lU£fih XXTIT. ^, 

§jpf vidrtur , ^ji^f» iur/ith Mliquim fiatutrt 
in^Qffeffionem rfifus.. Hjeg *ticem omDia 
^ difFcrunt formaljter ab hoc qiiodefltri- 
butremsptiLisIxrtimiUrparet. i^cqucv^-» 
ro li^e: dcfcieicautloco moTcic deiiaitio* 

R. Eademeiliatio ooBlaedeci^i lus&he"^ 
nus& poilqu^m lrrci:isr£parajidi> Vtrtim* 
quccaimprarftaturejccodcm motivo fer- 
Tam^i £^u3tIit4Cem : & ncaUe; jadkuram iji 
bopisruiSf jatirqucrui lA.'ftonctii patiacur* 
Quaproptci a^us nolc&4i iii^duceTciDdE*'- 
qualitatem coiitr^fi&m x^nAliTad»fcii doh^ 
iii^quaVitati pra^oriAenri , & aiftus volcn* 
di tQduccrc xqualicircm eonTrftiiam ias:^ 

" qualitaEi prarcxlAcDti:; hoccft voJen^iic^^ 
fticucrc, funt tjnfdcm rp€ciciji;£ peifc(ftio- 
nis, roiumq; difl^run t logjcc quatenus vo-* 
luficasrcRirucadieft fupcrat^ivi «Ji^culra» 
tisillius lyccialJs, qux ineJl rctfaAacioAi' 
pftorisproprisc voluj^taris d^mnil^canviei^ 
utpotcplaccQuspcr fcipram iamniSciinri^^ 

/ ii]^jqueallicicfit^s3<l ce-EitiAuatioBcm fui^, 
& co&rcq-ucntertcHdcQcis fpecialittr difB^ 

^ ciLcm aaii^oacm rui i ^crctradjitioncm?- 
X)irfpliccf oiim utctSAw© 4^tcd%iV.^it <\ttQik^ 




m 

D* rtfikutidnr ■] 
entu. Hocautcm pi£lo hxbciu 
i€tus voluntaris , & no9 potcft .ihi- 
,b^ri j i dcoo u c n o n p o rc^ icmf^ a ri abfci ue ^ 
rpccisili alit^uaiifHcultatc di^tin^^ ^b t^^ 
dE-rupenddiu uUr^cAm^ cumqua ioiria 
i omiRtisfoiJrctidcmaflusrupcrara ci foU. 
«iiSicalcate omiEtCDdt ^ qu^ni inf^crebat 
■ mociviimejuCdcma^usfccundum ic- 
' Hiic pcifpicitur nan ic^c cti«i faccre,* 
I qui exeoprobaDtpjfniccutian^ c(refpcciA« 
, reuifinutcm diflitiflama cccerisomnibuf^ 
■virtucibuSjqijia eilfuperatiTafpcciaHt dif* 
ficuh^ciiconfin^eDCisinrctUiOiaTioneprio* 
fis Yoluncatis pcccamiaofsf., Sie&i^ hacc: 
iati« valciet^ adtx-ittcndactiaiaelfec vir-^ 
cus fpccialispro opcicr^ilicucitdi j Jicc rc- 
itimtioeffcta(5tus propiia^ jufbtii^E com- 
jfnucatiya?« Quod cH: concra ^omiinunein 
Theologocum emnium coftfcnfum cum^ 
D. Thoma loco nuper indicaco. £c qui» 
demmerito >quiayircucesnon diftingun- 
ctirfpecieinccrfe & a viciis omnildus con- 
trariisez difficulcacibus quasvincuBC«fcd 
cx caufa <Sc morivQviQccadt. Hivic cDiin^ 
liabcntCQUmfuamperfe£liouem,ideaquc 
ftfpeciem. CcriedifficuhasfpeciaUspto- 
\'. VcniQBSez adhxlSoneadmotivum Ac opus^ 
* jtticii concrarii unicuique virtuti a it<^ac«.*j 



1^4 Sf^T^' XXtlL 

ticosipfius^ non poced effc macctia pt> 
pria altcrius vircutis fpccialis. Qujama- 
BUspiopriaincuiur(}uc viitutis cfl; rcdfte- 
teTitio contracto, nonfolaaft ut noftcxi* 
ftat,utqaenullia£Vu$eliciaiiti»rpeiciDea< 
ttsadillud; fcdetiamutfoltqaacftcztice- 
iic>aboleaturpcraduscontraiiosi Sc Cxf% 
acquiritur Tirtusanirxio iain prxoccapac* 
pcryitiumcontiarium , atqueideoacqoi- 
ritur pcr adluf fuperantes difficulraccia 
fpcctalem confiftenccm in rccra£lac20DC 
priorumaftauvitioforumj aIiasna)]aTk«- 
tusacquiripoflcc ab.eo» qaianteccicntct 
contra ipfum pcccafTct > Nec Tirtaccs pof* 
fcnt cife admodum uciles: ufnfquefre- 
qucDCcs, & idoQcaercfpcdiufragilitatisha^ 
snana; ufquc a<1eo murabilis. labilis in ma- 
lum ,&cmcDdabiIis,fcdmagisferencpr«« 
priit>& accommodata; rcfp<£(^1a imm^ica- 
bilitacis Angclica;. Igitur rcditutio eft 
adus propi^usiuditiar contraquam priua 
pcccacum fuic> (cu maceiialiccrj ieu foc« 
snalitcT, 

ObfcrTandum cflrcfticuciencm aIiquS« 
doconfuildi cum racisfaftione; aliquaa* 
do ufurpari » uc diftitid^am ab eadcm. 
Nam qui dcbituA fotuit, aucrcm furca 
fublatamreflicuicdicHCurfacisfcciirecrcdi- 



tliquMn affcciticametfi coiripcni rrit na^ 

[iiiODcluni fitisfccifle jniunam pifro,riii€ja- 

[dtjmpTiltincqti^nfjmiufficitadeum pla- 

j caQ<iiimi& avjftercndfl m oiFcBfioncm hatxc- 

Jltem animo cs. memorii cantufncUaf.Qaod 

cxcopmTCDit quia aliquaudo r«tisf2£tiai 

fuminiT Utc pto rep^naiionc itu^tfualitatU 

cenftUentisin rcbuscitcrioiJbus, & in &* 

^trai;ioRibus,qu£ vctfaDtui: circailias: ae- 

ijiichqcre^iiiciopropric cll tcflitutiojili- 

<|uau«l« Tcto^^tisfaftio ruuadturilrifbcpro 

itparafiotic iQ^tc^ualttaris coutfflcutis in 

ptCHouibusinicriaribus , &L is a^ioDtbQ:s« 

qux TcrfaattTr circa ipfas j at^uc kzc cepa- 

ritio I ufi tH facisfadlio propri^ ^ Hii&Ci 

Itaefltedictttiolttclciaiproprt^» 

ContiDgie aucem dari reftituti&neni 
tbfq^ facisfadioDC propri^ Bc ftriderump» 
ta ; 8c econverfo dari if^am ratisFa^ioaeoi 
abfquercditucioQe ptopri^ & ftri^td tali» 
CoDcingit etiam ttcramque c»Diun<SliDi 
cxhiben, Namqui mutuum rtddit cx. g, 
Tcre reAtcuit) & tameo non fatisfacic 
propri^, & ftri^c, necfaiisfacefefic po- 
teft, Quia nulla pr«ccffic offcofio .Qui 
Tcro Tiolencer abuulit ab aUqu* rera 
fuam , poteft htinjfiliando fe illi eum fibi 
conciliaicjt Sc xcmoifw offcalioBLCtaW\tvCv 



fubortamcx violciitia,& exconremprQpe-' l^ 
culiaii offenfi ia illa inclufo ; ramecfi rem " 
fubUcam Dcn redicuar vel difFciar rclU- 
tacre> qdiaofFenfusillam cootcmtiic» ncc 
vulciepecere. icd fponre condoaac ; ytl 
quiaaliade cWurajude difFeitur i;efl:icutiQ»- 
Si deniqueineodemca(a,&resfubla^aaA 
dominumredear^6cidem4ominus placc* 
turacceconciliecur rubmiflioaeofFcnfortSi 
fimul dabitur reflicacio > 8c facisFadlioi 
urraqucpcopricftridbccalis.. Quae olnnift^ 
uadic admodum diiliad^ p. Thomas ia- 
4. dift. iji qaaefl. i, acc. f « qua^ftiuoc. i^ 
Icaque inccrrcfttcUcioacm , & facii 
dioncmproprxcacftridVecaleshaccft dil 
ciimcn , quodrefticucioficgraciaeJHSy cui 
fir > farisfadlio Ycro ezKibccur pocifnmum: 
graciaejus,aquoczhibecar. Quiarcftictt» 
cioreparaciusalcerius, ac prbinde auFccc 
uiazqualiccmpr^cise quaccnus noccBCcm- 
alccri > iuscccBtm.prnpriraciseffeillxfum». 
vclrcparacDmilliuscantum dircdVc inccr« 
cA, cui inefiidem ius» Satisfadio vcroau^ 
fcrcofFennonemalccriusadverfusipfum fa- 
cisfaciencem, eaBdemqueliberac a poeBa- 
debirafu£ injudiria?, ucdicicD. Thomas 
IbcocicaA. Plurjmumaucemcujufqucia*» 
tcrcftoonhabcrc c^uemc^uamalium offcn- 
^madvcrftts tSt VvW^uiit*^^^'^^ ^^\- 



fabro*att> inlocuTTi pa^nar aliquo alio 
cillns prxibbiili , miiiuit|ue noccnij* Fa-- 
!i igiTurfatiifii3rioliri5tAcJeniTj vd foli,. 
i\ prafcipud ; ftllictitfoTero foli ofFciiro, 

nonoEftDdcnti > acreftjcuciin. Rcfticu- 
o cDim libctac cf^cDffcticcm fotuin tb 
(gmeflto po^aa: & «ft^uliorits alienaF, 
lcfti malu^noridum iocarfo : fatisfaiUa 
lih liberat cundcm i malo , cui jam fnbt* 
,f. Igiturrcliitutjo taatum ricf;jintc^'- 
^ticftitucnti i ficitfadiovcr5f*fcr pofi- 
vefatisf^cicaci» 

£ j h i s d i tUngu en da vcd it A u p lcx di fpU* 
entia ac pccaLrcptia 4c ad^toac iuiiiitt. "^ 
Kutum aireri daiet de ca a^dtioncquatc^ 
usnoccfltciBJuriampailbj & quia difpli- 
:c nocaincncum altcriusj^-inducit rcfti» 
icioneni, perc|uamilladr£patatur.Atqu€ 
£cc difplicencia fcu poeniteutia efl: propria 
ircutisjuftitiar ,ut didum cft ,nccnomi- 
e^pccniccntiar communitcr inteni^icur. 
rUcra difplicenxia , ac poentcentia long^- 
ivcrfa » priorieft, qu« dolcc de ca- 
ema6l:ioneinjuftaquacenus n«cencerpii, 
uifuitiniuftus^ iameft pocQiccs>dcquia. 
iiplicec proptiuni.nocumencum> urqiie 
lud amoveat inducicTacisfa^ioBem erus> 
ui pafru^eftinturians^impedicivampocnafr 
mnincnm cx.tiu{dm <i^fen&oiit .. Kt^Ni^ 



5«S §Uufth XXi\l, 

hujurmodidiiplicentiafeu pcsnirentiA di- 
a^flusvircucis fpcciAlis di(iin(f^a.'a vitcuce 
iii(l:ci2:>& abaltis>qu2e per alias rocsi: 
communiccr /IgniHcAncnr , & iaccliigicitf 
momineparuicencijefimpliciccr. ^ 

Refpedu huius pa^xnxcencix facisEafiorif 
prior illa Pocnicencia pr^cis^ rcftitaut» 
noD convp^aracttr uc pars . (cd ut praeambtt- 
lum quoddam > ucaic b« Tbomas eodcm 
inloco. Priusaamque cd pecfeccflacc.ab- 
iDfereada iaiucia» e^aocuraeaco» qaod 
prxcise pr3t(bc reflicuc^a» <jaaai aofcnft 
iuftamoffenftonem ac indignacioaeni aU 
terias& impedire po&nam £bi debitaoi, 
quod prxcerca prarftac pQctiiceocia. Nec 
tnim ficri pocefl , nc ^uis aufcrac ofFeafio* 
nemalrerius, &:dignicaccm p<xa«> qai» 
ccflecab infereadainiuria>HC {>aceCynecpo« 
tefb ab ea celTare per fe Icquendo I licec pof • 
licperaccidens-, quin reflicuac. Pocefl rc* 
ti ^ conTerfocefrareabinrerenda iMiuria 
reparandopriorem reruni inxqualicacem» 
quin propcerea auferar oifcDdoucm . Of<* 
feafionemenimfundac non folum inioria 
praefensnolenris refli cuere, fed cciam paie 
pra*cerira perfeverjns in memocia iniuriam 
pafG, 8c in eoncempcu habicuali iniuriait* 
tisrefpc^uiniuriaci , & nondum placati 



T^imirunn, qui lacdiiiDsaltcninjeo jf 

I io coti t e.Ti Q 1 r i 1 1 um i n i u ftc> ^ gi t c c; t ni a d- 

tircrrtjspractmincnTiam citi^in i(^ (tiaqLiftA 

t'pr;irejntDcnriAm iJi^tum tll quatlL s» &j. 

•ciie dcratiOBciuTJspropri^rari&jffquciUi 

I^T^citiii ca-drm rcj C£m fibi orurp^ndf» 

t;tn<]^am domt[io> & prircinl^cnii, cum 

-iiOEi J(iidomini:s>DCcit) carc pr»einincari 

ie^ifiLinftnorahcro. Quate; prfftcrtefti- 

tu rio cm ic i i ni uftc a Ws rac j dc bci au dot 

iniuftiti«,TtlciInbcrc (ari^faAioocro pti 

kumilktJOHrm TolunUTiam , qn» t^ptuD^ 

ckm^cniirtatiir arqtic fcexralcr&riiiiuft^ 

, Tcl fubircpocDim pcr butntUAttoDcni iov 

* voIunTartaiTTj^^ua vilcfcac fub cadcm pio-f 

pottiooe juxta di^a -dt oatuta culpa; ,- U 

pcjn«io <ja«ft.j>r«ccdfnri. Conftat igi* 

ivr cx iis omnibus in quoformalitcrcon- 

ff (lat rcftitiiri<i & q uofliodo diiFcrat a fatis* 

fa*^i6nepi:opric& ftriftcsSpta* aiq;ab a^ 

6tupoenitcntia:}& cujusntTa^qucYirtutisfic 

aQ-\iS5 atqueultiinoconcludituflcgitim* 

dcfiniri reftitiitioncm pcr a^nm fcu ro- 

lanratcm tribucndi unicuique iusfuttm 

praefuppofita ptr fc l«fioBC ciufdcm 

juris. 

Adr. A^nsfcrTansillacfum iusaltcrius, 
& adlusrcparansius alcfrias pritls larfum 
'babcne^ ideai m^ii v um adrqunuic^ % ^^'^- 



tam fUt^idiimcil undcutciquca^usprr 
^linct ^A cdndcm yirtucem iufritia: ; ScJ 
'JiifLTUtit logi^c cjuatcntis ft£lus xcpariti' 
TDSjurijl3:ri rcfciturittaiiircccaddifficii» 
citcm cetradtjridi prio^rcm voluntatcm io- 
iu^ana tcRquc iBirinfecc fcpaianva ciuf- 
dcm diRictiUacis. Qu^apropccr in dcfiui* 
tiancnoca:ui:iu^]a:ruru ^d cxprimcad^m 
dilTercntiativeam logicam uonad fignifi- 
candtim maciviirn divcrfam. >Jcc cnim 
difHcuha^habccT^rioncm rootivi ^ fcdpo- 
tius averfivi rcfpcdlu a€lus eaieQdauTi, Ad 
i,& 3* piitctcidiilis, 

A d 4> o mncs i Uia: d c fi n it io ncs co n Ycjii' 
. iintireipfaiiircrre,5:cumiioftra. Atqticia 
^'4tcm0mhiu<^ rccidur^tcic i&tctiiioi» fuo- 
rum auf^orum] ntsc controvcilia uUictfe 
poccn; nifUcvis , anc potius fui^ vocaHf. 
PUcuic tan^ca formu.lam pcculiaicm sui- 
Jiibcrc, quxprjc CJCtciiscoGioBarctdc^ni^* 
ttoBisrupeiiusdirx cErcn. juihtiam , cuitis 
'iiiium opuscQiprarcfVttutioiqiircciucnfui 
Cglum cxnrimeict matfiiam circa.C|Uftfi^ 
icd magis motivum forntaU» id^,acaH:c- 
^^umea circumtUt^tiarelatc ad ({iiamdif* 
i^cTcreflicurioabilii&aiflibusiufliux.Qux 
duonoiiadco foriujlitcr cxptimuntnr — 



■'■v.7:-::^ ;-:-:^.-:--^^ . 

:Q^:sfTio 'XXI . 

tVr /i w Mrg^th rifiitu endiffi n delH r ift TfMS- - 
cefiAt (^ in if^j ujtii acrtpii mt} 

VI D E T V K non fmidari i, Qma ficri 
potcft utaccipicas icnialicDam j la^ 
nictfiiniul;cJacccperit| asJnullamDi- 
hilomjDUsrcftitutioncniteuratur. Qoia 
£cri potcflucicsaci nQterear apud ac- 
cipiecitc, abfque u^-- _j5ZiUertate& acita 
culpA > utpviefim ri&cct itura apud do^ 
Tniiitim vi caufaiu . latalinm » aut Ali:^s 
fortuitd^QnoeYcatt 5ncft«bligati«rc' 
ftltueadi. Brgotioti eit dcc^nctpiu , aut 
acceptioDts rcialieDa;, aut ctiam iniuflo^ 
acceptionis > ut fandec obligationtm re- 
flituendi. 

i..Iaiulla acccptio contineturitH-eac- 
cepta , tanquim rpecies in. generc tieri 
i>amq[uc non potefirem e.flc acjccptaiti quin 
deturacceptio jcuiusupafpccies eft ut fxi: 
iufta, aliautfitiniufta. ^ErgQ illadivifio 
fundamenti cflvitionsi , & dicjpotiusde- 
huiiTec om.Qipjrn.olbligafio.nem reftitucndjl 
fund«iri inro^Uai:ctptiQ.ncrciaJienrj qu£r 
doquidemhajc acccptip. fiyc iniuflafic. 
iiYe cou£c fttiida.c di^ld^ QbV^^\W 



ali^uidinanimatum ipdus obligj 
paiandam. Inhoc aucem cviencu i 
acccpcacio aucrcsaccepta. £rgo<i 
ligatio refticuendi abf<jue fuii< 
<]uod proponitur iit adxquatun. 
R. Dua? Communiter aftignani 
Ces refticuendi compledentes a 
omnem reflitucionis faciendae ol 
ntm.. Prima eft rcsaccepra, fcu ; 
xei alienx. Secunda eft injufta a 
feii acceptie formaliter culpabilis 
Ba:quatenusalien2. Exreaccepn 
incu]pabi|ic(r accepta fit> ab exii 
falfo^fed invincibiliter rem effc f 
^tlocnnqucalio modo illa acceflc 
cius> atque in ipHus potcftatem 
otiri obligttionemrefticuendi vei 



ti lex impanict fi rcs tioa rcAit titiSi ei| 
cujus rcipfa cft* 

MiDifcflius (|uoiammc>dQ'c{l cx 113} u- 
fta acceptionc oiiri obljgaiioDem lefti* 
tueadt, Quia injuftumefl, urquis ja€tu- 
ram Cuorum bonorum, luorumcjue juriucn 
dimiaarioncmpaciarur prcciseobiuiqui» 
taiem altcrius, Paterecur auttm manife- 
ftc fi accepiiu injufta noa gtguerer «- 
bligarioiicm rcflicuetiik. £r, quod x* 
qut abfurdum efl fitrct ut lcx abfalve- 
rcc Hberacetquc agcDMm iujuftc ab eo 
Qncrc tc }a£turaj quibus grararec parie»* 
tetn innocenceri Diftum pfzcerea «ft 
qvxfti \6* jus per iojurtim aufcrri mi* 
oimd pofTc^ £rgo noD obflancc injuflt 
acccptionc pcrfeYcrac jus in co, cuius rc« 
acceptafuit. PccfcTcrantt aucem jurcali« 

iaeinaliquaperfooa non potcft non pci-; 
iTerarein qaolibcc alio obligario relia* 
quendi illi liberitm cermiDum ejufdcai 
juris. Quiaibidem didameft jasabf<|tt» 
injuria laedi aon pofle. 

Inter obligationem ortam ex rc acci* 
pttf 9c eam qaae oritar ex injafta acct* 
ptiont cxiftit infigne Quoddam difcrimeo** 
Ncmpe ebligati* refticaendi ex re tcce^ 

£ca camdia folam dorac«qaamdttt<cf ifW 
i ittxar/ fd foraalicec» td «MaXvtt!^^ 



ir -t 



dcruiopoflefiioDis Bon rclis^ aa 
ftodlum , fcii effe^um ', quo qu 
diriot fa^us fic. Racio hujusei 
eftjquiaciFe^usiei compucicur 
pcorcipfai occparcfl» utquisfia 
rcaliena, reddicoindepaupcrion 
jai^ino, Vndc fi quis bona fidevc 
qnum non fuum> dcbec prctium d 
ic prccium Bon inteijcric^nccali 
defuperfic emolumentumj&fic< 
bus, Racioyer^regulaseftyquia 
bec paci ja^uram in rebus fuis a 
cuipavcl libcro fuo confenfu fa 
plicico. Pacecccur aucem fi pcr 
abcnnce rc aliena» nullaque indi 
uulicacepropria, dcbcrecnikilon 
fl^amiUi fubftiiucre in beneficiu 



^ cjus mtcticnsfucric cofcrYauoIci propiiacf ' 
^ cec ulluixi jpofl fe reljqtietie c^cdum per 
^ feuciUjn » lcil foium inferYitric ciplcndi: 
ll libiditiiaccipicotis. Ncmpciniquicasfoli 
^ dcbcc Docere inique agenci, & non infio-^ 
^ cencerpadciici. Dciiiidequi i^jufleperdi- 
p ^ic rem aiienamica ufus cf^fciens & to- 
^ lcfiscaiiquini propria. Paflulatautcmlejc 
^ juflitiac coflirucns 2qualicaceminterpar« 
^ teSjUcinjuriampa^Aus uucur vtcidmreiii- 
^ juriaQtisraDquampropriaiC^iniqueoume* 
(^ ictinccrrcs fuas pciiDclc fubicilam Ubcr» 
^ ipfiu&faeuhatijatqucfubje^& fuic rcsTuft 
^ libcrx Pacultati injurUntis, Quarcqnifc- 
I gctesalterius combuincjaui cquutn occi-' 
^ 3ir, tcuetut rcponctc domino quantum tv ' 
lebaDt,& ficdcfimilibus. 

Jtm vcr^ Mullam cffc obligationcm re- 
ftituendi prxtcrquam cx tc accepta> Sc et 
iBJufta acceptiene inde oftendi potcft. 
Quia is cujus rcs a ncmine detinentur> ncc 
ab uiio iajuriam circailias paffus c(l>nc- 
Z ccfle e(l ut Yci habeat apud fe rcs omnes 
fuas, Ycl eas, caruaiYC partcm ita amifcric 
abfquc cujufquam culpa praeterquaift fnt- 
tcfua.ut apud nemincm extcnt ncque for» 
inaliter neque cqui Yalcntcr. Et fi quidem 
casemBes a|»ud fe kabcac» pateC nttilusi 
"cic rcftitttiitnx locum ; aiia %iiXk t.i\x%^- 



3tqu;i!ifa5j qux pcrr illam repar^Cur. Si 
TCi-6 t>on habtat rts fuis, idque CQntigc* 
Ht abrque cujufquaTn culpi vd deteatto- 
n^; quod mi&us habcat, fibi nibucre dt' 
fccr, n libcic difhaxits fio inmuSiTDco & 
t^ufis Qccctr^iriis ab coflifpQ^cis» aucciU' 
jis fecundi^ liberis quide^m , fed pcriodG 
fc habcntibu5> atque fi c^cnc Dcce^a- 
jjse. Patet autem Dcmitiem cuiquaai ce- 
jicri poCccr jiHticia ad icpatandum dam« 
num quod vcl foU fuai tcI fola diTini 
■yoluntate fihi coutigir oulla alia itsccr* 
Teutentc caufa libcrai ut Jibcra. Q&if 
peus ncmiiicm obligar ad cmcDdaBdunif 
fcu reparaudum eum propno Botumtii» 
to , quod alcer pcccaTir» Tel Dcus ipft 

- difpofiiiC] ToJuicque poiitiT^. Quoii § 
quis hoc modo iBcidit in cirremam ne- 
cciritat^-m s idefb quidcm obligacio fuli- 
^vcnicL^di iUi, fcd pciinde omniaO} at- 
que fi tiihil unquam habuiffeti aui t- 
jnijitferi ac proinde tt mifericordia tcI 
xharitaie nou aTtCDdentc per (t ic ra- 
tioDe fui ad forcunam prarcedeutciVA 
0ce dcrcrminaute per fe> pcrfonam quc 
^obligctur, prour acrendtr ac dererini* 
^mt re{ViTUcio> tc reparacio damoi» qua^ 

^ rcflus talis eft U [cctiaa ad jiLftii^ 



3t re 0£eifta,i>f, 5*7 

mnisigictirobligatioreftiuienit f»»*- 
t adjcquAtc ia rc :i]iana acc&pra, & iD 
ta kTcepLionc lei alienjc. Ql^f^tiTaai- 
autcoicft fab itifuftaacccpnonc con^^ 
i DoiirQlama£lLc>ncnie}Usc(ai ilirc^i 
tdii Bi calpAbiUtcr induxii poiitiyd 
5iim altcrius cx ca intcntionc, (td 
n ejusy qai iaduetfle illud induxerrit 
icgligcnciim, auc omiffionem culpas; 
a. formalicet (juitcnus calc.damttum 
^({uutum e(l, Qui^ negligenna , 8c 
[Uo ^ulpabilis xquiparatur voluatati 
:iva^ iniqu6 nocendi. Nempe atro- 
nqdo aequd contemnituc lex faven^ 
patientis damnum > ipfique juri con- 
icicur «qu^, 

di, Quando res aHena XBttrrt apudl iU 
qui illam accepir> perinde interitura 
1 dominu, nihil fubinde ille cenfetar 
piiTe alien^um» quiaoihii «e ip& altf- 
L decinet amplius uU&modo» 
di'. Ezpofitum jamcHdifcrimcB rea- 
icer obiigacioxitm reftituendi tz ia» 
i accepcione Sl cx accepcionc noa >a* 
1. Vnde nomine rei acceptx, dum 
raponicur injuftae accepcioni^ioteMi- 
racceptio,non injufta^feu maccriahtct 
Lim injufta. Quo pa(5bo fant daxC^^^* 



csQfimunt modo loqueadi. Dicatoi niKit* 

emiau-s cbcicarii graria, fi placct o^liga- 
tioneni rcftttucudi fundaii ad^equatc ii 
ftceepiioDcrc) alieuaf tumfarmaliecr iojii* 
Ita^ tum maieEialirer raociim iajuOa, 

Adj, L,egL'sptj:rcribcntes rcpirariooem 
dam.tii iaculpabiliteriUatiJdquc mcduU 
tapctim flut noD oblif^ini in cojifcicnrii, 
antobUgantad jcuirutioQcm tioa nifi latl 
& impropndtilemut diccturipc]^u3:/t. 2^. 
i^cogue diLil noccnt dot^rins tradiia 
^ux agit At rcflitutiQflc proprie t^li. 

QU M S T I O XXV, 

Tffitfff uhim^ refolutio nhligAmnh rtftitMtm 

di ftnt I» commt*i4iiongx 'Vfftuntartm ^ 

iB^u^lHHtarm 2 

VI ]» I T Y R ooD fieti , atq ue <) u z(lio« 
ficm labetarc falfa ruppotitione, 1* 
Quiacommutatio cft aomcn figniG- 
«atJYtim opeiacioAi& KumaDx, ut humasi 
cft iQ duabuiatmiEimumperroais,abaU 
tcracra titt^ alteram cxifVcntis. Quaod^ 
ftutem aliquis ucitur le attcriu&j tcI peifo* 
»a,Telopeie co mviro (quo iiacveBtudi* 
CJCiirintenemte €ociLm.utatio iuToluDrt^ 



\ 



r 

' bcrt et UQi parce, Qconpeexp; r utCDtis 

itijttil<^; At ex parre alrcra psicirmtis dim- 

^ iitim DuUi d^iuropcrario humina^ Grd pcr« 

■ in4e agitut cunv ca,aiquc ti clTct tatic^iiii 

V ac libei£ati$expertp auc re^ protfus inaoi- 

f maci^ Cogitnrenini»aat ne cc|iturqiii* 

4tcrn.fc(l pif ccrnriitdrar} ac ti aon ciTct itt 

icram oacura. Abufite i|i^ictir & abrquc 

uUo legitimo ftiDEiafncnta yidctur dici 

commutaMcj ejurmodi urriTirque pctfo* 

nsc vtcifllcudo, titioac cu|us akera pil<^ 

rc pacitutr 

X* De fatione comanutatioiiti cfl, nf 
I StriTis camtnuLtantium aUqtiid decc^at, 
tc aUquid xquiTalcas accedat de ti^TO. 
Quas^o autem aljquis tcm ahcri^is ufur* 
^jpac abfque qus conreiira»aac eunipuirar» 
tac epcrc cjus Dolencis aburicur, nihil de 
BovoacccdicpatienciacquivalcosiUiquod 
ccccdic in)urianci. lUi enim-fola accedic 
iB)uria,& diminucio bonorttm ; huic au- 
tem accedunc bona ipfa aut dele6^atio lae« 
ilendi, Incer quae fan^ nulU eft «quiTj^ 
lencia. Ec camen indc oricur obligacio r^- 
ftituendi/ Ergoeafubiiftere poceltabfqii#v 
ulU protfut colnmacatione i im^ideo niai« 
vimi fubfiftic quia non daicur cornmuci- 
tio> fcd foU muc^tio negaciya in uno et- 
u$mo, Scpo£eir» in Alia* * 



'>» 



3^^ SSf^f^ XXV. 

5. Pertinet fimilitcr ai conceptimi i 

mutationis obligatio conAituendi ae^ua' 

litacem intcc ea > qux conimutaiitQr» «• 

aue ea obligatio rcfultet cx voluiicaie ip 

iorum comnnutafttium qua Tcliat (abis 

«Burquifque & inyicem impotocxc Cftles 

obligationem, Si enim obligatio aliqw 

mutu^ imponatur 4uobus> fola alteciB 

terti^ perfonx yotuntate^ aob tKcaBCU 

1 illi duo comnutarci fei paii recuBi fiia 

••'» xum mutatione»» Quande autcm us 

tifi infert if4ttriam> & alius patitac cx noict 

^:'* partc datur Yoluntas indudbita oUigatio- 

;; iiis. isenimqttipatiturfaepeeftinoxaai 

<;, cjus>qttod agitur»ac proiade nullaffl ba 

n bct a^um yoluntatis quo imponat oU» 

[jj! gationcm rcftitueadi. Vndc patcc cciafl 

\\\ quando fcit ac reniciturj cxercetqueTO 

'i^ luntatem iatentivam obligationis> lc r< 

[l^ fux» independentcr al> ca e)tts Tolan 

tate refulcare obligacionem reftitoeadi 

Jam qui iafert injuriam» eam habec t# 

luntacem alccrum fpoliandi » ut fi poflc 

g Cttmfpoliarcjttrcfuo>ficutfpoliattcrmia 

}ttris > fcque liberare ab obligatione ccpa 

j^ candi inimiam>id proculdubio psxftarei 

'i Ergo Bcquc hic habcc Toluntatem iadu 

. Aivam eius obligatioais» Vcriqaeigicu 

cxrriAfcca cft ^U viLi\i&viv ^Uvv^ioaii 



II 

I 



fJ(|UeproiQdc inducicur fola a riLis tc£- 

j tiaeperfoii^Toluntate, Aci^uc iioccftnia- 

I gis m^inifcflum <^iiando oblrgano refti- 

I tiiCDdifuDfiacucprarciscinreacccpti. Ca* 

' jus Yidcliccr acccptio contingit ucutro 

fcicate, atit volence faUem formaHccr, xc 

protndc nciiuo cngLiatirc Jc rc[^Kllu ici > 

tucdcabligatio^^^-^zrcfrus. Ergo obligi- 

tjo reflitucadi i {m^t. nuHa inicivc- 

nicDtc commut ■» 

R. Philofoph ^. buimquhui tni* 

ttomcmioiitdifl is intercommuca» 

•tiones voluneat oc invoJuntarus hifi- 
vcrbis; Ba^^t i nmr ^u^d fit ii^ tmnA' 

diindis «ammtrci^ m»m irs ^ ^u* Jma Jpmft^ 
fmcijmi homines^ quAm iis qti£ in^vitis iffjls 
M^iuntur. Idcm advcrtit di^iai^iu& D,. 
T ho m^s qu« ^, €i. arc. j , h i s vctb is : C&t^* 
mntMtivj^ JMjhtia eft dire^iva comniutM" 
timem, qHArum qUi,dAm funt valuntnrim », 
q^Adaminveluntariit. Axljuogit expod- 
x^ionem uttarufnqae du»a&^ commuta* 
.«ioQes. . involuntatiaft efle faaado- ali^ 
^uis utitur EC ftlcetittsj Y«ln perfoira-» veli 
x^perC} ea iu^stc feu< occulte» feu p»- 
Jan^ ac violenter ; volunrarias. verceney, 
aaaoda aliquis v^luntarie transfert rem 
^am. ia> alteiuiiv cum* onere« ut redeatL 
gdil ;i^9)itei:«4 vfi^ C)fi9a4; aliciaidl OLltt^v 



S/ tde^ omnis iftit n&ion$s dd UMt 
ififtiMfertinent,fcilicetitd eommn 
ficquidem quandoTolutaii^q 
{erciom Cuam in alcerum comDn 
ptaco per alccrura» uc icerum rede 
cianduinfeTelfccondum aliqoid 
lcns fficil^ percipicui latio com 
81$.. Quia eziftit ucrimque moi 
feAftts aequalicatisconfticuendc 
i^Uqutmiemtnencefcnes alceiui 
Jius» & pencf alteium le ad prioi 
.t^ra Tcl fecandum fe« Tel quoa< 
i^uiTalens» Quodplan^fuflScic 
4|no ad alceium ica mucecur^uc c 
.iHi cam aequalicace. Jos namqt 
f^i cquiTaierc cenfecur quoad alii 
ftas.mazim^Terd quoadcomina 



ub^iflcDtiarn $i xqu^liciTe^conirafluiial.' 
rlocauccmei coproveairj quod obli^^4rt9 
it resalicuiaba1ique<lctur fundAca in iU 
i«s jurepcrindcacitimattir, atqucobliga- 
iorUcrcs cadem jam kabiMcidcm jibco* 
lcm Qon aiifci^tur. Urrobiqucctiim utt- 
icaf utiiuscujurqucpcadeciTolanraceaU 
erius phy^LC» libcta, lolumqueobJig^fA 
jcrlegcm &}ui. 

Qn^oirl commutarioDCS fnTolannnff 
latilooccultiorrft doflrina Philofopki Jt 
^iviThomae. Pro carum igitur claritart 
»brcrYindum eft juzta di^a & fusc decU;- 
ata inqaaeft. i^* OmDCshominesconTe* 
tire ia yolenda propria fclicitate, & con- 
equenterinr^lcndis iis omnibusjquaeadi 
elicicatem funt necefTaria» Quaproptcr». 
um praefens hominum felicitas confiftat 
aYitafociali colligatayincaIomutua;pa# 
is ac beneyolentiir, ncceflTe eft aliquam ia^ 
pfiteztilere yoluntatcmqua vclintcffic;!» 
'iter ea omhia, fine qnibus mucua cadenii 
ax; tranquillttts animorum, arbeiieya'» 
rntiafubfiftete mintmcpofTunt» lA^znift^ 
bum autem eft' contrariari mutua? paci>> 
ranquillifatianimorum,acbcncvolcntiiife' 
flioncm injuriofam, qua quisinfidiatur 
tOAisalcciiu5>xaqueimmiAUU*>Xit^4t^^tt. 



|14 ^Mfik XX^, 

foit eam mutuam C9i]jaDAioM<nL> «ifi 
cclTaote ea diiUdiorum caufa ; idefl jiifi fj? 
^i ieftiti^noiic> Omiics igliur homine« 
CODYcoiujit i& iiabetida aliq^uaYolaatatei 
^uanolii]Ca£^LoaeiiEiju^;i5, & qu;e veliat 
lepamieaem injudici^» fi quidcma^id- 
nei toj,u[t« pmexticeilar» 

lltam porio homiuum voluatafcni fut 
BeusToluDCate» qii;e lex cil cremiiiraruiii» 
jxiutLJCi tum quia iLlos i% euBdcni JUurn 
Eacin pioximum cieivitj^ideoqucucecfTe 
fair»ut cadcm ilUad eiiDdcm iinem ««ecs» 
laiia /imillccr vcUct voIuDra^c afltccedeD*^ 
ti i tum <|uia homo urpote tacioaifi §c ^ 
benatis particeps fa^ufr cA latioiic fui^ 
toc c£l amore bcnevolo ac amicabiUjrCU- 
juf ca Daturaen^ut faciai eociformare is^ 
cliaationem, £r ToIuDtatis amautii ciiRt 
voluntate & iQcJipati^iicamatt quatcnus 
co&ferente ad fclicicaiemipftua : idcoifuc 
ueceire fuit, ttt quae uDufquifquc hoiul^^ 
jium fibi TuU in ordinc ad fuum veruni 
boDum^ hoc c£l ftJifitaicm veramjfadcm 
Pemilli- veliet , arque hac fua Tolunrait 
£rga ftngulos obligAist reliquos , dc illk 
fmpedircDr,.qux funt ad caiidem fclkita^. 
tcm nccciracia^. 

Atque bzc eitracio^ob qiiaip doatmeii- 
^^MlLiUu^ j ^Hiti ti&i lui^ *vii V «((f eti mn /i I 



^i csmmHt. valttm. ^f* f vf 

iiris» colncidsLi cum \egt aaturAli toordi*» 
sanFekomincsiDterfc^ ^tqtiecompcdium 
ejus & TETiJfima cxprrdio. Ncmpehoc 

Siiod dicitai : qusd n^i jt^m 'u«r, accipicn- 
umcildc ca V0luar4ccj quiafibi qaifc^ue 
^uU TCfim fclicicaccmi & qu jt »d eam Cuac 
Acctffiria* ift ifla namquc voluQ^atc o- 
tnDCshomincs coQTcuium cum iifacpcttt 
itiii£ii)uxad caneicmfcHcitattm eoQ p«- 
liQeDC, fed perius illi rcpugQa&t^ Quarc 
£ quidcm Dcus crga omacs uaivcrfalitcc 
homiacs beicToltim 8c amicabilcm afFc" 
£lum gcrir»<lum ineo (tacupcrrevcrice^iA 
^uoat» ipfo crcati fuut, oec porcll habcrt ^ 
iroluBtatcfiL, & afTeifluai aliquem« quo- 
cfHcacicu advcrfcEui alten (fix votuiataci 
St afFcdtui, ideisquc occ pciEtfl vcile, quod 
cll £ni pei ipfum iuteuto Qontrariumj fic 
flam^^ ac ^flidcnrcs duoium hominan 
Toluntacct aoQ pofEei amkzhabcre opi- 
ttilintcm fibi divinani T^lunrtttm . fedt 
urrifque adrecfaatcm ,. tcI falrcm alteri ^ , 
pTo nt toucigcric turani^ut vcL alteruoi 
lancum ita iaviceia adtcrrarit ttt {Emal 
divcrtatie ab ca ptima volunrate^ qu*' 
communcm Ttiam feUcitatcni coscor* ^ 
iiccr complezi fuat^ cidemi]^ voLuarari 
«ontratia TcHnr< 



Philofophui & D. TbocniS dixcrc iax^' 

ItinuriaSr &oa dcficcrc mucuum conrca-» 

fkm, Yi cajus rub/i(tatitj lc dni aflioad 

proprif^ hi]maQ7 Talenrcs ioduccrc yi (ai 

«bligaiioacm rcparaadi arquaticarcm fub* 

Jiram. Tamerrieoim is qui parttur dam- 

nuin abfolut^^iiolit adltoii^mdainnificao« 

ri5,ean^cmquenolferiC}uin iQcalpabiliccr 

. induciEiQa^qQalirarcm pr^ecis^ raciooc rci 

accepTsc* Suppofitaramet] illatioQcoocu- 

'menti vgk, qui illud paiTus efli fup^rcins 

£bi jus ad rcpar;aTioncm iofqualitatiit 

quod, uc iiitumt arquiparatiirTci teimi- 

naoti idemjusi atquc iu hocidcm ]nsit* 

pat^itioQisconreDtit au^oreriam tpfcift- 

sequaHtariSj qtiaado inculpabilirer caoi 

^indi^cLr. Licer aurem tpjtiftusj ac cfilpa- 

^ bilis aud^orin^E-qualiraris nollet ea roluii* 

tarcjquainducitinajqualiratcmr utfuper- 

eiTct la^fo jtis reparattonis ; nihil rameni 

cfficercfuaifta voluatatcpotcft, Quiaha' 

lletcarcimBfibi coatraiicctcm^ur di<£lut3Ci. 

' ift divinam Yoluntatcm^ yi cujui optcii- 

* laDCii no^rs incliDariani ac vofuQtati «* 

' moiaJcmum jurafifbfiflunt. ManctptQ-' 

inde obligaru^ ad rcp^tationcm jurls Ixfi' 

3c ft in cam obligattoucm cotircnrirec ilta 

ipfavoluncarcjqualacdir, Qui^ confcniil 



'»eabilj communis irliciTdrif 9c mtl> 
pacii ac cranqujliitatis, quim volufl- 
i^ Dcusfua volupr^tc^abiiivicjic^rft 
livitjut iiilum cft, Undc au£tor iii- 
^cijc nuUiccc p0(lca CDncipit voluati- 
abUcivam jmis alicjii i im^ Hac ipfa 
int^te appoDic conditioncm* ut con* 
^atinljcfa novum quodciam ju^jffuotl' 
^ccdrnrcrip(i aon tDcrarabfoIutc; ni- 
LimiUt is ^ui Jasfitj nrra^cr fuam in* 
amvoluutacci & (upercr di^ctilcaictn. 
:ialcm, qua: iQcRcidcm rctradtaciooi. 
locautcm totum provcQitci volunta* 
lU gcncraliquf cil communis aud:a- 
njuiUtif cum paticDtc injuriam j ncc 
ictimcoqui inculpabihteraccrpitrem. 
n^m. Quarc 10 nut]ocYcftcuacceprJo* 
rcialietja: 5c injuftaf acceptionis dccft 
euusconfcurusabfolutCj U (impHcitct^ 
bi iga c i on cm rctti tu t ion i s & rcparario* 
damnii /ivc juft^, flvc injufl^iliatijra^ 
le cujus voiuntaris , 5c confcnfus exi-» 
iteapudaliqucm rcalicna reuformali- 
, fcu f quivalcnrcr modo cxplicato ia 
cft, prscccdcnri, co ipfn fupcrfic in do- 
lo rci jus ai rcm rccupcraodim i hd« 
altquidnioraiitcr ^'quivalctis rci abli-- 
quoad x^qiulifatcm q kc citdcconcc- 
comaiuuuojrfs. ConftAt i^uiaiti.V^'^ 



E, 



'.; 



t; 



■^ 



^mQcni c^bligaTLonem reniTncoJt uUttnfl 
icfolTi Tefolatione ulnma infiaDeum ad 

j^ $, Etqutdcm facitcapparcciia< 

^fH r o caiv d uas i lUs ra di cc & obl iga* 

j^f tuendsj ^uf cx communi o- 

J »«« nfcQrupropotiTie funt ioqu^fti 

i^r^ttdcL Jr Ideo cnim ei re ^cepra mi* 

tur abligatiorefliiue. " quia untsfquiH' 

bec incece:dcnTer ad i:vcatum accidcnra' 

lem traniiiiis fci fu^e in alium, Yillc, utrcs 

fua,du[n in fc fbtmaliceri ycl in ruocffe* 

A u ut i li 3pq uiTatcntcr exi fli c t atq tic perfe* 

Ycrat io latiofte fua j hoceflnon donatiu 

ab ipfo» aut urcunquc fua Yoluncatc for' 

iBaliccr> Tcl zquivaleotct oon transfertar 

sd alium* Vnk inquam, ut ad ipfum ttr 

deat, aique oppofttum (i fiaf, eoipfodii* 

-fbUitut ex nacuia rcimucua pax Sc ^enft* 

volcntia. SimiJis eft ratiodcreflicutioite 

^«xiiijuftaaccepiionc. Ancecedeotei enim 

.ftd injuflam accepitoneiii , £c ad difcoo* 

^fctmiiatem» quam fofmaHEec conflitoir 

toluQtas injultc accipiendjj & iuducit 

^lnjuft^ ipfa tcccptioj omncs in hoc c^m* 

\Teiiiunt uc nvlijic iniqjutaEam aketiui' 

£bi nocere t Bc fi quiden^ nocumcntu» 1 

jDacumfuerii j Tclint iJlud «^Uftnapnmiiiit 1 



lutttaic fua legisbEiTs. Harc igicuraacc'- 
c«dci3S > UDifcin)i« r & kgitifni amnium 
komitium ToiuacJis munita Ugc Dct Sc ^t* 
feotiatiter irrcTOcabtliicft primaradii o^ 
BBis obligatio»ii icfliuiCDdi » ca£lemc|iLe 
coDdittiic io racioQcvcii contraftusaccc* 
pdoncm rciiUcBx iiTc culpabtlcm, ik%% 
iftculpAWiUm fbtmaljtcn 

Adi. Licci akqua.Qdo de£rYaIuDeas&-i 
Aualisreflttutieais in co^qui paticut ia* 
Jutiami adcfl camcu Toluutas habitualis 
neque rccmdara>ocqacrcttadabilis icdi- 
lus ici fu», dum iQcodeni pcrfcvcratf jus 
adillamjticcilliietiiiutiat» SufHcitautcnt 
ad vcfam tatioticm csmmtitariouis volun* 
tAs'habitualis,ui nocum cll in ^Mii quo- 
quc contiadibus« 

Ad 1« la eoj cujus res acccpta cfl ab ^Vw^ ' 
rupereft jus, uc eadem ad cundem rcdeai^ 
Zl 10 accipicnCr confurgit ohligatio can- 
4cm rcflitiicadi. Di^um autcm cil j u^hoc 
& obHgationem^quivalere lei ipiijquod 
«d scqualtcatcm attinct commutationi^, 

Ad j, Patcfa^if jam eft quo pa£lo ohli-p 
gatioicnitueQdi femperacjiccefrariofuei- 
ilctUE in voluotatctam cjus qui dcbct re* 
ftituere, quam cjus, cui debct lierifefticu^ 



intcrteoicas doh proptcrca dichttr iBto- 
luat2Lria}qti}a nulia datur iitttmquc volaD- 
tas tommutafiotiii f^cieEiilaf . Datnr enia 
tit patuii, Dicttur igitur iuTolQntaria» 
quia c^iis £Xf cutio fupp 01111 utnmqTTf iti' 
quid iiniplictrf^r, Sc abroluc^ iovDlunra- 
lium. Atcetcnim nolJcr ilbtum fibi fui^e 
nocumenrum,ahcc Dolletfctcneri ad tUud 
rcparandunijfcu fupcre ^ jus icpararionil 
cij qui paAus efl injun m, ycl quod Hcti 
poren: ncatcihabcr uLlaui ci de re voUn^ 
taicm a£tiiatcm, Sc cxplicicam tum» cua 
fit commuiacio. 

(XVjESTIO XXVI. 

*TirHm hgts de teparitni& dftmnii memlfAli' 
litir flUtP &hUg€nt m t^nfchntiM l ,, 

VId E N T V n nuUoUDqiiam pa£bo &• 
bligarein confcicntia. i* Quia ci ai» 
tuta tcL » aiquc indcpetidcarcr a lcga 
'fcumana nuUa c/labU£atto reparindi dant* 
Bum inculpabiHicr LlTatum, Hri;6 nuUa 
'talis DbUgatio rn confcicDtia induct pi»- 
'tcftpctlej^cshumanas. Conccdicuramiil- 
tis antcccdcns» a quibus ncgJEtur coafc* 
f ueits, adY ct fus c\uos ptoba rar co d feq uen* 
fit* Qui» EuUi tx\^tu\t Oo\\^<\tiTi^ ^ 



V 



j 



^t 



» iiitararcircpaTandiralcdamiium Itges o- 

^ bHgaatcs oihilaffiinus ad cjns repararij*- 

ci ncnn crtpcreAt ab iaooccnte domino ex re* 

ca bufiCuis quaDtumrtifiiccrcradreparaadticm 

r^ talc damnam ; idcft lct hijmanadifponc- 

I" Fert^oLralfgemQatpriitem^ Qjod£erinoEi 

p potefl^quiacoipfolcx huiQana et^ntilla, 

P 1, Dirifiorcrum coD^icuta pcr UbcTam 

» homiQUm coriveQrioQemj lcgcs quse icidi- 

& dcr» cmaaau^rc non abiltilerunr jas nirtl* 

i lalc quod qaif^Lie babcbat ai rectiperatt" 

> dumdamQani {ibi ilbtum ab alio C\^t li- 

beroj fiTcicrvo, fivc bxuroj ob qu^od bm* 

tomiDfcrens d^mnum o^Mioxium maneret 

illud piticQn fccuadum fiii valorem tcI 

fecandarh fe« cademquc eft ratio de fervo. 

Ergo i s» cttj tt^ fei V us, au E bru cam i a tuHc 

damnum,reDecur DttncetiamezDacurar^ 

Tcl illud reparare, vel fervum aut brucuih 

ionoxamdare. TenecurverdobligacioDiS' 

Ift confcientia non perfonali , quia abefb 

cutpa uc fuppomtar > fed reaH i quateiia& 

fervus»aut brutum aocens eo ipio cftcrb» 

fiozium patienti> ficquejuifis ejas*. Ergb^ 

tiullTni in hac materia obligationem ia, 

confcientia inducunt legeshumanXi fel 

tota e(l ez jure nacurar. 

j. Pugaat coDtra rc<^am rationcmtnec 
sUo pn6to iipiic/liiipoi^ft^ Ut ^v \\\VAy 



S|i ^JtJth XXVI. 

jnalifecit,atque in Dulioadverrus <{lfett^ 
quam alium pcccavit ^tiatur nihilomi* 
Btts iaduram in boais fuii>uciade refar» 
ciatur infortUDiS alrerius periDdc cafualc 
refpe^adottini ionoceDtis acque fi Bihil 
omDiftoad eam pertioerec caufa immedta* 
tanocameoti illacialter-i. £rgODcqaejaf 
Aacurale ad id obligac, aee obiigarc po»> 
funtlegeshumaaae quod ad coAlcicttciafll 
actincc» q uia fanc tntquae. 

H. Diffidentaudores^circa vitn obliga* 
gacoraam legum quae habcntar inftic» 9c C 
fi qHMdr»p9S fMMfmem feciffe dtcstmrt Sc fi^ 
jniliomqua^cxpendic incfralios diligcs* 
tcr Motina com. 5» difp* yia. 9c 713« pcr 
quas leges praecipicur reparatio damni iU 
laci ab aliquo inculpabititer per fcryum» 
equum>autetiam rem inaoimatam. Ccr- 
tumeftquando prcyifum fuit illacam iri 
damnum» vel omnin^ tnfallibilicer> vcl 
long^ majori cum .probabilicacc» idqac 
potuitprascaveri abfqi proprio nocamc»* 
toproportionaliternorabilij teneri ad sc- 
ftitutionem eum» qut (ic oeglexic noca- 
incDCumalccrius perrcmfaxm, Quia ai* 
kil difert an per ccmecipfum noceat aa 
pcr aliquid cuum> caarque propcerea pro« 
vidcnciae fubjed^um : & an poficiv^,.ac 

ftimAlicci iaica4«u\ M^^m^^ vssl^Vvcv^ 



ti t & squivalfntcr nocumeocum toIuc- 
lisjaat cootcmpfcris* Vtrovis cDim mo.* 
do diJloWitur mtitua paxt & btneTDlcnciiit 
urc uHus vcllct alium libi eflc caufam 
^amai perejurmoili lerum TuaTum ncglt- 
genciam,& pcrcouCGmptumrui nocumen« 
ti j eualem^? fupcTc^e dcindc Hberumaf» 
onerc rcpaiaodi laefionem. Di^um vcrft 
eftin ^uscft. prascedcBc ia huiufmodi vo* 
luntatej £t coufearioue mutua homijium 
fttnditi obligacioncm refticuendi. 

Difficulus igicur eft de damno oon prx^ 
^ifoyaut quodvicari non pocuit,nifi cuin 
4amno > 9c ia^ommodo proporcionaliccr 
iiotabili>idcoque indudbum cft fine culpa 
•rheologica. Vafqucz & Turrianus ccn- 
fcnc in caftt pofico dari obligacioncm rcfti* 
tttcndi in confticntiaindcpendcntcr a le- 
fehumana^fcuez naturarci. Alii ncganr 
ebligationem ez natura rci) & affirmant cx 
^i lcgis humanr> ctiam ante iudicis fen«: 
f cntiam. Moliaa loco citato. Cardinalis 
dt Lugo> & alii ncgant obligationem is 
confcicntia prrterauan ez legc hamana» 
idqac poft }udxcis (ententiam* 

Diccndum u fift non confargcrc obli* 
gatioacm rcftituendi cz aatura rei ob dam- 
•um ineulpabiliter illacum. Suadeturhoc> 
f uij oamcs zgte fcru At fpoliasi i^W^ W\%% ' 



lum indtixcre non quacenus fi 
^itc^c vel indircA^votuntaci i 
omnin& prarrer ejus Yoluocacec 
arque fi clTenc alcerius,auc nul 
cnim pado neceflc eft, ut coi 
cum YoluDCace domioi res cjus £ 
tar, (ive inanimara; ; five parcic 
sis»(ive irracionales quoad elFc 
impucabilcm domino» & queii 
tencbacur vicare. Non igicur 
komines in obligacioncm cju 
paracionis. 

Confirmatur, quia unufqui^q 

tur in rebus fuis cuilibeX alcer^ 

fnnia,qua: ex ipfis rcdundanc>! 

didum cft non femcl. Ergo dar 

. veniensex re aliaua circa culna 



«nmi iSfii co a icnram a n tequ am ac<i dat s>o* 
cyinetiEiiin tx rebus uniu^ ia rcs alteniiit 
Quod apparcbic cUriu£iafra dtim agccux 
lie <iivirionc ccrum^ qux fafta pioculdu'* 
biojcft per ?«Iu£Msiteii3 confukDcemfcli- 
citaci c)us, qui in RcinpublTcim ^liqucxl 
contuliiTtt bcQcliciuKij ac vduti in ^tx* 
tnium. Cui voluotati coDCradiccret to* 
lu&casflacueas ut u»;ii}uar<|ucre&dominc» 
potiusai^cetLC ctiam quanfJo f^amnumil- 
laciim e^ctpr^ceicjus volunt3tcm,& cotl« 
fenrum ^iam virLuilcm^ adccque tcDcrcr 
ipfum niinis foUiciium, tcddcretque in- 
fonuDacumj utpotc paricncem damDum 
abiquc aifVionc aut cmiitiocie imputAbili 
ipH , quin rapiUDdcm officerc poflcr ucn 
iomino. Dcuique omncs du£tu oaturs 
pucanc aliquid fibi dcccrius contigiiTc, 'fi 
cesaliq4iae iuz rcbus aliisicidemluisoffi* 
ciant/quam (i officianc alicnis> dummodo 
ab£c culpa i quod camcn non ica aeftima* 
r<tur»(idcberecicpararidamnttmalienufR» 
^Kpd iflnoccncer cyenit. Obligacioenin^ 
tepa^tandi damnum aequivalct damno > fi^ 
cttt in quacftione prccedcntr diAum eft 
)ii8 reparationis aequivalcre reparacioni 
ipfi. Patet igitur hancfencenciamconfo» 
•areiisquae di6la funt circaprimamradi- 
ccfla UAiycifalcoi ainiii$obVi{^^uoiKv^\^^v* 



Quia Don ubi<)ue»iiecoinnescd 
ci homines cgenc sequaliccr fti 
£civ\,uc (incfollicici ac diligent< 
cavendtsdamnisalienis; fedali: 
&alibiminus. Si auccm dareti 
cie reparandi damni fortuici ae 
fencenciam otca prarcis^ cz faft» : 
omnes illi legibus comprchen 
grayarentur, ac follicicarentari 
IdaucemipfumminimdaccidcCj 
tandumficofficium iadicis>caa[ 
plicic^ Tcl implicic^> auc «i^uira 
tcric iudex uci cpicheia cuius ca 
pericalofas> 6c aoiiasmfas, fi eoi 
tur arbicrio» ycl oocenciSyYci h 
«criufqtiei ucpote cziflcnce uti 



Jhdsm$0 ilb»0,^C0 |}r 

ftfonem^vel dod xquc urgebic adTerius 

eru[nq> fiiligcaiillimLz, ar<^uc ciiani tiu-' 
Efcet urgcadoetiQdt; coiam judicr^quia-' 
jm par tiVtt urgerc noa ulq* a Jco iiiigcn-, 
:miDechabcbuceftes 3£ cxtetos admijii* 
tot£qucpi5ptosac paiatos {^er fe adverip 
isutroAjue* Idcm difcrimej3 iodidcm f<* 
aeturcircagctia$damDi<|ui»d,5c: ubi pct 
uam rari accidit, lut frcqucnrer, 

H^c igitut omiita fatis perfuadeDr aec 
^gislatcrcs inicndiffei ut cjufmodi lcgct 
iodicesdamni fottuitiac ipQOccrer illati 
^bligarcDC in coDfcicntia tpfo fado autc 
iidicisfc&tfiiamt tiecprim^vD homioum 
onrcDfu dacaiti iUis clfcpote^^aic co mo- ^ 
« Dbligsndif ac proindc uec obligare fie 
ofuifle^ cametfi maxime voluiflcur. Ccr- 
edcfadboeas leges non obligare aote ju* 
icis feDtenciam,hoc przceica cfficaciffi- 
n^probac quod obfervatCardinalis dc Lu^ 
;09 nimirum eas lcgcs hocpadlocommu- 
licereflerecepcas, & ncminem ullibi fe a- 
;nefc£reobligacum adrepararionem dam- 
li innocenter illacij anccquam a judice 
i id compenacur, 

Dicendum poftremo eft pofl feocenckm 
udicis confurgere obligacioncm in coi^« 
iciencia ad reparandum damnum prouc le- 
^ibus coaliitutum eftj <^uu ^a\t^ \^V^ 



13« £wiJ?i(J XXVI, 

noD fuDtipiqu^ j qux vidclicce cxponufit/ir 
«Mnnrs a^qu^ii pcriculo &: fpci lucii icl i^ 
«iaoiQi ^aic cvciicum accidcDralcm daia* 
porum uni tc lucrofuiDalcctu dcc impo- 
nuutouus incokrabilc} fcd maxinne fta* 
poiciouarurn. Qux fccund;! pau pcob^' 
li o t>i G ideo addi c ur^ q u t a ti o a lu 0i ci c lcgd 
aDieccdcDCcr, lcu ci nacura fuaj c0c£qui- 
lcs icfpcdu omBLumi uifiDriiiflf & obli- 
jacocia^. EademQamquc ^cqualica» [pdf 
Hc pcriculi darccurfi pt^ccipcrctit j ui pro 
dimno illaco per fcrf um, auc brutun» rei 
ctc^asAUiefFuU» abfquc culpa^ daii:iiDt,it 
ad ccuiuplum aur milkcuplum dftmni ec- 
cerccur, Vndc patcc uouduHos non fatii 
cx ca pr;ecisc irqualitate pfobirc, uti cofl* 
TCD^uLic^caslfgcsnon cfTc intquas. Supe9 
addjcoaurcm ouusimpofiium poacilc ifl'- 
tolctsbilc, fcd proportioDacumboni cooa- 
B^utiis proino^ioiii j quod c^ co cfficaci* 
ttu: coinpcobacur > quia tx legcs commu- 
jiitci: func rcccpra^, sic ajpptobatsc i &: a fi- 
pJCDrilus conditc fuerc. Hoc iuquam 
iupcrafidito paccc cas legcs po(t iudiiii 
rcntcntiam obligarc in coarcicutia. QtfiJl 
qujrinboDum commuue cum legum ad* 
miuEculo pjTjrcipiuncur i Jcgicima potc* 
Itatc omoiDO oMjgatit ia conrcicnctj j ti 
Cttm £ aujdtni ^BAOk 4iki^.^&9QtG(l«s le* 



foribus & tt]{iicibu$»if^ucfuttiDi[i# 
,imi& omDiuni coQicafu^. 
ydponogcnus re^arandidamtiumft* 
Lm bte&impfopne, acfcdadtivccaA" 
e(l a^us rciiiruepdi, Qaia boDuim 
uiusi^il^utAfic CQmpcufatiOjUcc for- 
tei| ncc fquiralcQtcr trAnnerat 10 
petifAiirconf utpocc uec delcd^cumi 
liciorem teddicumeaahcriiis ia^uca^ 
alicuius it\dt convniodi parricipcm» 
^cGbligarioralisrtparaciouisicduAfH* 
atann pcitiDccad ilcefam ci Tadicibni 
jationii icftitueadi communiict aili*- 
i^j nimirum ad iniuIUm accepttttticiii 
CBUS perindc agicur a legc Ac iudicc 
c (i inrcrTeniffer accepcjo f<»rn]iUtct 
la; idcaque iuridicc, 5^ in foro cx* 
» ell acccpcor iniuflu» it> cuius rcSi 
labfqueculpa Thcologica, & ictipit'^ 
t corarn Deojnocumentum aicen 10* 
t ID cafrbus pcf cas lcges cxpreiUi^ 
^riim reipfa nihil efl ^liudcarttpara» 
amni, quam dcputatiojrci pcrtincux' 
aiium,infaTO£ciTv& iui altcriusfji'' 
:rpub]icara potcflac^ob bonumcom* 
^CDtiiiniCQtiafonicicudiDecuiufquei 
;fuje udceac aliis^qua: dcputitiocxc- 
nimaadanda dl pcrindiccm proop^ 
aiutc Im cam Bacm ^otxittw^^* ^ ^* 



14« €itufth XXVI. 

rum deiDceps agendumcric ortiine ci 

iciHcucionepropiic Si (Iridlc tali* 

Adl.Licct lcgescontradiccDics ju 
CHrse finc iojitfl^c ^c nullx^don ramci 
tOjufta! ac nullaci q-Lije rupeiidcluot 
gadoDCS aliqLM^ uhfi obljga^cioncs 
mcuralis,qiutcnuse]tpedienK vifum 
konocommuni. Expedicns vct^ fi: 

{►crejufmodi leges rcddereticiiromne 
icici, nc cx rcbus fuis nociimcnturn 
lios rcdundaier,. ucque lites dc tutp, 
ccntispccrcsruasnon mulciplicaircnci 
mium» & cum Dimia perplejricace, 
«uccm lcgislaeorum & judicum art 
f es ifta rclida ctlj c^t^ii tion ubiqur 
tium &omnitemporej& abfqucdik; 
ficpecfonarum L^Ae^tpcdicus c^dcmfc 
<as auc micicas quoad hoc. Quac a 
fuBC huiufmodi non pcrrincnc ad ju 
turxubique& femper>& refpcdaofni 
iequc vigcns ; ncc pcndcnr immcdi 
primasvo & uniFormiomnium homi 
confcnfu; fed pcrcinencad lcgislacoi 
)udiccs,inquoscasceri<|uoad ccsejuf] 
tranfmifcrc propriae voluncacis poi 
^m, ac dircdionvm. 

Ada. Anccrcrumdtviiioncm impi 
HOii ctac difccimcn fervi & libcri, ^ 



I 



II 

I* 

m 

3 

B 

'A 



^ifionc icnnn ^ t^uihbtt ccncretnr foium, 
de damuo inciilfabnjccr ilUio, DctDdfc 
ntoite modo legc^ flatuyuc, ui dDrrvinui 
teneanir de damuo pcr ItTvuni utcuniquc 
illato, fed dc co liiatain, qiiod catpa fcrvi 
illaTcim efl. Quod ^iutL-n^ mfcHUi a bruca^ 
iofcrtur pro^^e^o.ibfqi cjuscolpaH Rutfui 
btucum fivc damnum inTuliircr, fift noa 
jnEulillcr, potuiffcc 3 (^nclibci capi, & |.'fO* 
jprtaf utiluat] , ac d^ii^^^latjoai dcpurdii 
abfi^uc ulto djrcumincf ncc i^krion^ d.intui 
fUaci rpecialrcer maocrec obnoxiii patienti 
damnum. Neque enira propccrea impedi- 
'irenciircaeteriabeo oc;.upando coTeccendo 
in propriam utilKacem. Denic|ue ut ante 
rcruni divifionem brucum ooccns manc- 
rec eo modo fpecialiccr obnoxium pacieD# 
ti i noD camen idem JicenGum eflcc in» 
dependcnc^r a lc^ibus poft rerum diyi- 
fionem. Quia ance divxlionem reram car* 
tcra erant paria ex parcc paciemis, ac 
DOD pacienris damnuiN j tc pocuifTet fa- 
cilc przvalerc adminiculum pactentiar^ 
& damni uccanqne coleratt. Ac puft 
rcrum divifioncm carccra non func pa* 
ria ex parre dominr & non domini fcd 
^ominiis pnFertur quaccnus aliis pocius 
guam ip£ ccdit nocu^iiCDtum aW^^^-^^^tiw 
P 5 iv«* 



14^ §j^Mftio xxri. ^ ' 

eiH5 culyt catiUEuni per tes fuas iJi rebni 

Supcicn Kaquerac30.& maretiaftifBciccf, 
litltfgesiridutaDCoblit^ariontm in tc pto- 
pofita peculiarcm j oec fubfiftentcti) iuxt 
natuti Ucundum f«, FaJfa igicui: ell fup» 
pQdtio srguniCEitt j dcs clt bonA coi" 

Ad j^ Mulfis dc cAufis publica pateflal 
iu(lcpoccft:adiuiiit;3fcrc!; utriusahen uuit 
la ciiftciuc citlpa,fc(i ita poftulanicboiio 
cotriuutij. Poflulat aurciri kouum com* 
rkune* ur aliqu^ndo rcparcrur d^i&fiuia 
ciiamiticy^lpaliilitcr ilbtum, urcfue id fiiC 
a dotr^ino rci tioccunf, tamecii ipfc £s 
innoccDSi ut liqucc lationibus proilu£ti| 
«irc^ .pEimum, 

Qjy jEsr lo xxvii- 

VtTfiP^ detttr Hmvirfniis iilif»mr§gH[M fUMB^ 
iiimii riJtHHsndir fuh lethsUl 

VId V T VR nulUm ealcmregubm afC- 
gnabilem cifc 4 poi1:crion. i. Quii 
aud^orc5, qui tcntant rtadetcrc^^ulam 
tjufmodi univctUlem , difctcpanc fcic o^p 
mDesincerfe. Quod non ficrer, fi darcc 



b £t praccc^eftca rpfa. vantrasopiniontim pa- 
K f i[ cundctQ ctfcfbunti quoad diredioncm/ 
p ^ pr;ixim opc anfTnum htimadaru, qucm' 
i( p3.tere potcl> dcfcclus icalis 3£ objedivi^ft' 
i| xcgul^ Quivcrfalf^i c]E caruTaipUrtij QuiA' 
i -utiuLquifque p^cc^ quavis opiuioDc uti 
pf oarbicrio. Idquc ica accidet, camcEfi tc*^ 
I Ta niodo reguli unJTerfaHsaffii^nccurjquia' 
h BOu pocc^TitiiLri demonftracio cvidcas ve*' 
I zicaciscju^& faldtaciscxccrarum opinio* 
r nam. Ergo quod ea regula rc ipfa dctur, 
i Tel noa dccur in rebus nihil ii)TCrcft> dc 
ucTovis modo dcccrminatio calis qaanci<* 
tatis rcUnqutoda jam c(k nccefTari^ arbi- 
i trio Tiri boni, 

2i Dccerminatio quanricaris rcfticueA* 
ix fub lcrhah ab unoquoqucrcfpcd^u u- 
Diufcujufijue pender ex circumftantiis iif^- 
BtiiAerabilibas , Sc mulciplicibus in infi- 
ft Ditum fyncathegorematicc j ncmpc cx ma- 
jori & minori abundantia rerum (ingula- 
rum, cum in unaquaque Provincia, tuna'/ 
fii r«fpe6Vtt cujufquc pcrfonsc. CJux auccm 
13 peadcnc ab innumerabilibus,atquein in& 
a liitum multipHcabilibus cum diverfitacc, 
y funr indeTciminabJlia in univerfum. 
E }. ladiverfis materiisdatur oppofitara- 

j- tio quoad qaiatitatcm oblipatktttrv ^v\k 
^ P 4 \t\W- 




144 li**/« XXVIT 

IcLhali^ Qtudiu m%[c:na honorU 8c h- 
inatjdcrrjQjo materialirQrlevis obligacal 
tctlitutioaem (\ih lcchali icrpcftu ^bus* 
daDiis honore & fanfiAi cademquc matc* 
terialitcr ^ccriftio ad dultam reflicucifi' 
flem obligaE, vcl obligat lanrum fub ve* 
fiiali lefpeflu infamis, aut habctuJi pi* 
fum honoriG & famx. DtAlit^uoeninidi- 
«ctat ciTc mcndofum cigr. cui nihil pro* 
pccrca fit lenitucfldtimi de ali<|ua yei^ 
alio cui ^c leftitucndum fub lethali ^ Tel 
f^irem Aib Yeaialiiidque folu prepterho^ 
lioris ic fam^; abuadaniiam ia uqo & dc* 
fcffeum JQitio. Econvcrfo ia rc pccunia* 
tiafQrtum maccrialicci lcvc rtfpc^tupatt- 
peris poceft obligare fab Iech;]lj ad iefliiti> 
«rhdumj idcmc|ue poccf^ nulUnriTcl lcvcm 
folumobli£;ation^ induccic rcfpe^u prar- 
^iiricis> £a autem cjuorum cCV i^ppQ^ici 
latio concadunc eacenus unLformiccE fub 
UDiveifalcm aliqnam rcguUm. 

4. AliquK fuQC operarionesadaUcrum» 
quaeab omaibusauifk&ribus relinquuittut 
•rbirrio boni virt, & unanii»i coufciifti 
decUiancur Udercrniinabilia in univer- 
fum pet tegulam f^cnttalemi^uar arquati- 
tci & unjformicer dici^cie raieit omneft 
omuium opcranones & ciica oir..nc£« Op" 
radonei &ateia ^4il\u%m «axaci «lit|i 



n^inabiiuaicturun' (^nx dht(it8c fuima- 
littr pir[jfit[>i ad virEQLcm JLiiliiij»: pri?- 

fa£i6 rciinqufd^aihitiiubojii VJnxSc cqci- 
fcitntfa: uniu* cujufquc juita fcufum fa- 
«jcncium homiDuni communcfin. 

R. Qi^iontam dL<f^ufn cft Uipra reftrrn- 
ftiontni duplici cz c^iptce dcbcii poflcs 
BCfnpciucione rci (iyc culpabilicerfivcia^ 
«ulpabiiitcr acccpta? » racione damni cuU 
pabtlitei: illiit)» duplcz cfl ccnrequeaccr 
conridcr2^:io rcflituiionis dL'b>itje iub le- 
t)iali> ncropc & ratione quancitAtis }acius 
patct> & rationcculpa:. Quia verd confi* 
^eratio quanriraris tatias pacct» cum fit 
communik omni rcClicutioni,. dc ipfa pti-^ 
sno loco diccndum efb^ Quxrirur icaqu^ 
qtja;nam (juantira.s fivc rci abiatx» fiite 
damni illati (Tc pcr fc neccflariji ac fuflFt- 
cieos>i}tindererultctoKIi^atioreAuaeiidi 
rublcthali^iraut ii nen fiat FcdkutM^ pec- 
tctur la?thalitcp pct fe loqucBdo» 

Solct hxcquacftio tradariab^attAeribos 
iohim circa furtum & rapinana , fiirc naa- 
iufiicircaf€spec»nia xftimabilcs.. Eftque 
KAiabilii ^usdam circa idopUiiaavLav\%* 



I4^ fj*rj]rf> xjTvir 1 

rif^ras ajctitibus ^tiam QflDnulHft tiuUlil 
Ctfttam re^uhm univcrfalcrM accomrroda- 
biieirp orrinibusiOionibus $c circumfliD- 
tiis tradi poHe^f^d totum hoc negotiuia 
«^u^'.:ians nctcribna: Sc fuSiciftis j»d obli- 
gAnt^t^CTn gr^vcnv relinqucisdum ciFc piu* 

V dcnti arbLtrio pro (inguli^ ca.£buSp ut ti- 
dcie efl iorer alios apud Cardinaleni ile 
LugOjdifp* i*,ftdt 1. Quod oirtiiioo tft 
«rpaicntius, H Cjustratur rcguk Uuiveiri- 
lis uniFormiccr accoinm^dabtlis uon fo- 
^ Jum rei pccunratiXjfeJ etfam nocumeDcil 
honoris»3£ tJtat arquc faluciSi Suittcjiiiii 
iia.'cgcncr3rciurrtlongdiDier (cdivctCttM 

' fju^ propccrca Yidcantur nulli communi 
icgula: univcrralitcrrubfacprc. Vetum dif- 
fcuttas quantitatTs aftignandx, ^ cfl 0* 
^ tnnibus iftis gcncribus communis, ficuct 
eA communis ipraraciorcf^itutionis 5c o- 
bligacionis gravis» ac lcvis] fic ncccflc o* 
mninocfV, ut afTi^rnerur tc^uU aliqui iiP 

> dcin omnibusconamuui^* 

Eftquidcm commaniidi^cultas. Quii 
licet res ipfa: fior diTerforum gcncrum : 
peccatum tairen injuAitiar uon rpecifica^ 
lurcxiDisrecundum fe,fed ur fubfunt jun 
paticuris iu;uriamj quodcA unifarmt>ll 
«niformiteratquecx eademi^adice vig^ni 

ff fpc4lft tWXSSk <»i£^fti^&mv E& wo a^ 



fjl re£uU :i!t Jiia iiidcm coTnmiHiJS» 

cLiaiic uni vcriah rcl^cdtuearum otn* 

fcrum, ttt vuiim dt quxIK j acpto» 
nccctrc til, uc fiibeai canc!cni corn- 
c.ucni laefio & m:igniEQda lj;U*Jois* 
:ontTarh^trii cidciii jtir^ Dcindc iH 
urricuUn, cjfaanrto fJithuatMr 2n tal^ 
cninatum Documenciim illatumpro- 

ftc pcccacum la?thalc> fieri oob po- 
)uin Tccurracuc ad aliquod principiS 
^rfaHus, ac nocius j '<|)aaudoquideni 
aparsconrradidtioniseftper fe noca» 
: adco definiendum cft dcp^odencci 
quonociori univcrfaliterconcludea* 
omnibus (imilibus ia racionem gra» 
rtionis. Tale aurcm principium ha- 

rationcm rcgula? univcrla^lis, uc pa^ 
tlndcoiunes qui (iv/-gravitcr,(ivclc- 
peccantconcra jufltciam^aucfugioBtf 
nem aliquam, <juja cftyfivc graviccr» 
cviccr injurta, neccffe cft uc aliqiian» 
iiegula^aliquomedoar6tua]lccr co>» 
:anc > cuna ret parcicuFaris dctcimi- 

non (i c pcr fc, noca cr apf rcheniiooiC 
norum quoad graviraretn, & levita*» 
uiufquc rci, vcl ^rcuudum fe, vdLre-; 
dics alids fp^cci c, a uc s^ai&i^ d^\N e\v\v* 
^4 ^^^ 



Difficulras igjcur in i\oc folum cotififtkj 

ui quad omues ^liqud modo co^FiofciiQi 

quocics pcccanc-agei>do iDjuftci Aur liber* 

osnictunt a^fVioncm taiuilamt i<i diftindf 

lc claTCpcopotjatur fub conctptu prxcifcj 

fc quiddicicivo dcQudicum k parciculafi 

huiu&martnf, 5c ^aram deicrmiii;itc cii* 

cunttlsiaciatum coaduioQC^ 

Ccrcum porro ci\ non poiTc cooRicui re* 

galamunatn tiniverralcm Dcqucia ic pe- 

cuaiaria cx qu^Dcicatc dctcrmiQata ip^ns 

pccuni^c^gv daaramjtiiiimj atit quaiu»r 

• }tiHi>ium^rcu autcortim i Dcquc iD macc- 

r lia honoti^, Sc fnmx ci magDicudinc dc« 

fadtusa^tiibuti pToiimo pet judicium ji- 

^ ictnumjayt vcrbaliccr,aat opctcipfo eig< 

^uod alicui aitri^uacut effc mcDdaccm» 

iQt pcriuiiim,auLl>Ufplitmum}aut auAof 

jcm pcccaci» tcI vcoialisj ycI morcahs, IC 

lic de fimilibus. Ratiocfi maDifcfta>quii 

BAdcm macciialis qidaQiicas moQcca? ha* 

l^cc diTcrfam > acquc iDxqunfcm «flimt* 

tioQcm, dc pari difpatcs ciFc^us iadiTCt* 

fis Provinciis i ncc non ia cadcm Pi»* 

YtDcia pro diverfis Tcmporibus* & acci* 

dcDtibus i arque in cadcm PioTincia » co* 

dcmquc tempote, & fub tifdcm ciicucn* 

flanciisuuiTctfalibus apud alios atqiac z* 

Jio«j diTCc& ftabiu^k («&dUlQgjci ^ facaU 
^_* ,^^ 



■ ]f ■ .■..'■'-■ ' .. 

kaniiDcs. Quaproptcr dccrad^ioj aoc ' 
rclUcutio cjuidcm pccunia;& quanci« 

mo.icca^f quoE in una PioTincia aut 

no tcmporr» & cirttimlUniiis^ aiu rc* 
u uniu^ p^rkinx ii^ifctt grivc nocil* 
:um, fub alia compar^tionc provio* 
tcmpori5»ciTcumflaLHiAiun),aut per- 

potcriitflc lcTCi aut criam lcviffimu ' 
Lmcncuiiir id^oquc rrlpc^ivc fuln^ 
\ flut infu^ctcnsad pcccjtum lctha<' 

Idcm lircitttr de codcm vcthfl iejn- 
i compaTacionc f^£^a cum homtQC 
faciuorofo ar infami , vcl proho ac 
c famjc i aique ubi & quando dc 
ts impucatui cil yald« ramiliatis, Jc 
iicnSj aui c convcifo» Idem flniili- 
[icicur dc cadem pcrcunionc rclacc ad 
incm v<l delicacum> ac dcbilcm» ycI 
:m ac robuQum i & fic dc fimilibus, 
rahcndttm igitur eft a mareria rcmo# 
ifticix, & a dcfignacieac dcccrmi*' 
r in ilia» quanticatis macerialis pr* 
htuenda rcgula uniTcrfali » qaaHt 
ricur ; camccfi mulci & magni au# 
es infticucrint cjitrmodi dcfignaiieai 
a alia cradica rcgula abftradkiori , ttC 
rc eft apud Cardin: de tago loco 
;o^ Qui quidcm preriDdcCeccruDr,ac« 
& pro 41is 4c|fo <• ccfla{Oit iil&vi,i% 




ilidcDcaar,UDde parcicuiaria ac 
& vaiiabilia iadefc(ftibiliter> a 
biliccr definiancur. 

Hujufmodi yideri potcfl; pro 
Ycrdm rcftiturionis maceria, q 
aarhor tradtt ibidem prq furre, S 
Thoma Sanchez, & Vi6boria. ] 
licccquancicaccm eiTe fufficieor 
ccflartam ad pcccacum lechale, 
tradbio, fc non prohibcrccur gra 
fub peccaco lerhali, ac proinde 
ftcqucnccr perpccrarecur, fequ( 
gna iaconvenicncia in Republi^ 
YidbuhumaBo, Liceccnimhocf 
lis decerminar^ ({uanricacis ta1( 
Banc, at propccr circumftancia 
lacfa:>e|ufdemque, opufenciam 

__^r : a -flT :ti 



BBcm 2C dinfliniuin in paupt^Trenji & fiim^ 

r inam mifcnam conjiccrec, Qna de caufa 
o^potcuicj ui dccraflio tfllis ^uanticaris 
prpiiibcrcEur fub letiuli. Idcm aliis macc-- 

r riisj Sf caiibusarcommodari propoitiona- 
liccrpotef^. £a J£;icijr (|itanticaseft nccts* 

" fariaiSc fufficieos ^d pcccatum tcchalecu^ 
jus piohibirio fnb lcrhali cft DccctTaiiaj 8C 
fuBicicasin unoquoque ccium gebctc, tie 
fequacur magaa iu eo4em geaerc incom* 
Tcnicntia. 

Verum expoiicio IfVi non cft fiifficicDi, 
0equcpQic{lauimui in illa coQqutcfcere^ 
quin progrcdiatur ulccrius : Inquiricjr c« 
'"nim protinus quanca debfaccfTctnagnicu* 
cio incoDyeniebcium, qux rcqucrcntur fi 
iiecta£lio aur non reftitucio calis> determi- 
Bac^quanticacis pecunia^jhonoris, aut fa* 
lucis non elTcc graviccr prohibica. Certum 
iiimirum e(l cx patcftate detrahcDdi, Jca 
noD re(Vituendi abi*que lechali quancicji* 
tem imnKdiaceproximam quancicaci (af^ 
ficteoci, Sc neccdariae^ad lcchate, atque cx 
facili, & frcqucnti quancitacis-illius de- 
cra^ioDC, fcu retcntioBe fcqui inconvo» 
nteiKia> qux mdgna meriro dicuBtur 9t 
Tcre func , £ compacentur cum inconyo» 
]iieBcibus>quaerequuDtuc ez eo,quod dc» 



tiiacisnon fii^i kviicr prLhibua , poK^fyii 
prwiiidt: fatilc 3c frLi;|ucfcEcr cvcnirc. E.|> 
dum n^n dcteimia^^QT magnuudo inci^a^ 
TtFvitntium , (^ujt ili^utrcutut * oihil nfli- 
Aino pti^^um cfi. Eitauiem ^rniLspir.^ 
fus diliicuUas tn dercrmioJDdd i jl^ i^ Udmi- 
fatejfcuabfoluic^ ftu coiiiparativc ma^ni» 
»t^uc iti dctcrnnLa«£rda ca quaaorate ^c 
quaditcdct (^uacficumfuctar, Jgiturcipo- 
htio data craiisf;:ct^noii auferc d; fliculuil 
hujusrci, atc pco^rcdiiur, fcdrcgtcdicijr^ 
iL qutdcmtndli<|ui<ldLfficiliuS;^ acobffti- 
rius, 

DciDde qux funt ptoKibki qu]«iiiiiir 
Sc DonfoKim mala c^uta probibita, qualia 
fuQC pcccata injun^icia? prahibita pcr lcgctn 
natura^; non idco prxcisc prohibcniurf 
qtiia cx omiAlonc prohi^bitionis fcque* 
icnrur magna inronvcntcntia j fcd cx co 
focius, quia uutim qiiodvis cx His,^uA 
gravirei prohibentur, fecmadDRi fc prX' 
Cisc eft niagnum incoaveniens. Ali^ 
prohibcnda non elTcnt , niii pro cvcnru» 
pro quo alia prjTtctea inconvenienria fe* 
^uercntur, aur eifct msgnum pcriculum» 
quod fc<|Uercnmr., Eodcm pcrciact quo4 
I^eusnoij idc^ prohibct quae prohibet n^-' 
turaiircr pcr fcjpfum immcdiarc & TedE- 



. & fconeft»- ,otai P»«« «>*f"* „,Kt^& 

»<^'V^ '.r - in<li H- SS»co.- 

^«'''''TSvetlusuaum.^^P»» ftetio- 
les ?»*''«J^- K Pletutn^lf faLv*^^-^^^ 



oi 
Ur 



V 

Ortincsaurem aoti folum f;aciie, rednecef^ ]> 
fatio cogno[Viint a^tualjtef regiilam t\\- p 
quann ^ravii ac lcvi^iQJDditaf* dum agen-' U 
do iO)uft^ pccca.Qtr lat lcth^literjaTit tc- 
niaiiter. Quiciinqut enim lut lctli:iliter, 
ftut f CQiAtttcr pt^ccAC» dircerDit ahetLimal} 
»UcTOj Sc confci^ucnTcrhabetattquo^prJi^ 
cognuumjundcdtrcctaar. DACUtcrgoalti 
.vnivcrrali^ rcgula* & qaidcm dotioi gri* 
Titattf, & levitaiisiajuAidx. 

Addc icccs humanas, qti^ vcrrarttur iki 
Viatctia}un:L[ia»idcf> ftrrri & cflfrKoiielUsj 
quiaearmnomiirio parcrcc maga* incori- 
Vcnicncia, Atiascnim giivamcn lcgis^ dt 
|iericuium pecc^ndi pcripram prpcrcaTiim 
tHct iniquum ScqtJcbADttit aurcm cidrm 
jnconvcDicncia aocequam cafdcm legcf 
fcrfeti:ur,&; cam.cn a^ioncsqujcci vi ifta- 
rum tc^um ninc Jetiijlirrr pcccaminof^» 
Aon crant pcccamiAor^e lcchatLCcr ancc-' 
qnamc^dcm tcgcs condcrcncur. Ergofc* 
q[aela magQoram inconvcDrcntrum n<m 
c'^ ex fc prxcise anivcrralisrcgulagrtvisi 
lc^Ievis injufliciae. Addccurruseciam po-* 
€tislegibus,qux 4e fa£lodaDruriB mate<^ 
ria juftitia; fcqui magna inconvxnientra jf 
9c quidem valde facile & frequenterapad 
fl»ultos. Ergo quod fequerenrur, vel noi^ 
itf ueccaiiMe &« ytV a\^vx«& \i\x^ vos^^trr^ 



3i ^MJtntitaii grMvi. ^^p 

tiliis pratccrca icgulis, uc lubhlbLC ali* 

Igitur pio ftabtlicti<la legitiiti^ rcg^ilji^^ 
univccfaH ptxfcreoditm inprimis clt djs^ 
crimcQ pccc^ti kthalis Sc vepialis (fuod. 
adhibct D, Thomas q. 7, dc malo, att, !♦ 3c 
alii cum ipfo communiccr. Pccc^tcum lc« 
ih^lc c(l a^io 7cl omiiTio difTDlutiva cx 
riia natura amicitiac^rcu ckaritaris ac bc- 
pevolciatiKi & mutua: pacis cnm DcOj vd 
proiimo. AmiciLia Df^i ditrolvicu: pc» 
cftuicmptu intclledbualcm vcl aife^liuuni 
cjufjiem. Amiciiiaproximi didolvicur pcti 
«ocumtnrum cidcrri illatiinij vcl negativi^ 
quatcnus uon cihibetur ci 4c botiis non' 
fuisiquod dcbet cicbiberi} ycl poiitivc qua^ 
tcDus eis fubtrahitut dc bouis fuis, quod 
Doa dcbcc rubrTahi. Prcciitum vcniale cf) 
j|<5Vio vel ominioQoci dijroluciva ci fccjtif- 
dem conjunflionis beucvolz ; titHcai ta* 
dnen prxtereandcmj £c ad tpfam non benc 
difponens, fcu potiu& todirpt^ncQS aui« 
fnun^ iifdem proportionaliter dccauAs. 

Adiicictidum deiodecft injuiliciamcltc 
inaxime provocaciyam irac, adeoque eAle 
matime coacrariam mucoa; paci^beneTO^r 
lenija; & charicaci inrer omuia peccaca> 
fuar ^dvcifus £iQximnai ^(iXBimxw\XiX\^\^ 



Quia Tota itiiunitia h>oli3t unumqtiemr 
<juc bonis fuiSi ci>m rcliqua peccata coo- 
tta proximunj folum ilh iuhtrnhAnc ad* 
gnKutum buttorum fuuruiii Dou«tum h* 
«m. Uaurqpjifi^uc autcm afficitur maf^if 
ftx D^tura tei ad rctiaciiiia bona y^m (uit 
quam ad acquiEetiduiri alicna > atquc pfo 
meufura afFc£lii£ ^^^^ UDUjhquodqtic bo- 
Bum lcifurgjt renfus dolojrif ic iiae ex cjtit 
fubtraftione, 

Prartcrcacumjtttfupracli^lum eflqu^ft, 
%. U 5. uQurquirque Kabeac prxbtaoucia 
jcrpcftu omQium Aiioram ia boni& inii 
tandeinque coufequeiitcr uod kabecj ic^ 
magks po{lpo(icioueTn iDicbusaHeniSjuC' 
cumquc pei alios ctrulos £bi obflrifl^isi 
patcc uuunncjucmque dolcDtiu£ fcrrc ei 
natura rcijqiiad fibi £ub:rah3DCUiresruari 
magff^ueindc commovcii adiram^quam 
ii leis alicDX »oa cicgcDtiii Abi. Quia 
pec fubtra<^ionem iujuftam rerum fua- 
nim dejicirur abfquc caufa fuflicicDci k 
gradu digniracis (ux> & a^itui (ecurfl 
tanquam cum inferjori ia ca le in qoi 
cft rupciior, Quod eft valde amaritai 
|UXca gratiam fuayicacts ft affedionisj^ 
qiia; jam iueiat aoimo ciica praremiDeo- 
uam jam habicam. Eiko namque aequali 




Bondamliabencur,a6FtAus tam«n defidcrn 
cfleciamipreinruavis ex parcCf & amarus 
objedlivcj quia f^rtur io objc^um prout 
affcdum ciicumf^antia dirpliceuti. Vrsde 
0egntaeru& ccrmino noti ufque adco mu* 
eaturflarusanimi, nec t^QUis fubfctfuitac 
novus doJoris fcnfus, 

Apparec jam opiimam Sc miLXtm^ con- 
fpicuam rcgulam gravitatiSj £c leviraiis . 
injtiriarum pcci poHC cx virjbusr quibtis 
unaqua?<^ue injuriA prxdira td ad difTol* 
Tcntlam inucuam bcncYolcniiamj pcrtur"- 
bandam cranqtnlliraccm i & concitandas 
irasatqtieinimictcias. Opcimam quideni 
quia hoc pa(fio racio maieim^ omnium 
itifcrccj va p^ccati mottalis^ & vcnialis ap* 
plicatut formaii/Time fub conccpru pto- 
prio ad determinarum iftud genus fubaU 
cernum« Mazime vero confpicuam, quia 
hinc fiec, uc unurquifque ez difpoficiona 
animi fui , ejufque ezperimentali confi* 
deratione, fivc abroluta, five coDditiona- 
ta, uti moz ezpoDecur, facile conjiciae 
quani injuriam inferre non pofnc^abrque 
peccaco larthali» & quam poflic icum folo 
yeniali. Prxcerea hic ezplicandi modut 
ccnfonac valde ezpoficioni obligacionis 
juflicias > qux daca efl quaefl. $. verfus fi- 
AciD/ ntc M9ti ULtioixi fjo^iiwxk )^c.c^^ 

VWV* 



injiiftiticexgcnere fttOjqujtreid 
D. TbQtna quarft, 17, JDino. 

Canctudicur iiaque cam quat 
nocumcnci tivc iti}uftc illaii , fiv 
DQD rrparau e^e lufiicicatcm^ac 
fiiQi a^ |>eccacum lechalct cujusl 
cio ; icu Qon rcClicucto ctt diilot 
0Amra rei amicitixj & beneyQko 
tiiXiSi ceacifaciva iij; atque inij 
fcu irx inimicabilu aticnaDtis abf 
nimutn paricEitis ab iDJunante; c 
l|uaiuitaccm coii^iscri iacralinii 
cari vcnialisranone cujus non dil 
cx natura rei mutuabcneTolenria^ 
cittajnccexcitatur imperusinimit 
pcicuibacionisj induciiur cameu i 
«liqua amicitix ac bencroIeDci^, 
gtc feBfus aliquis dolorisi 9c ir 
iedandus. 

Inquam ucrobique ex Dacura 1 
quod ad juiliciam accinec dod m 
^uiticur quaacitas, uc per injurian 
tur lcchaliccr advcrfus heminem i 
tum ac pacienti(Cmum.&iBchan 
fe£bu Yalidiflim^ confirmacum, ac 
juriarum faciie immemorem , qu 
Tcsrus hominem valde iiacuadutti 
cilcm»acproaMmadinimicirias. ( 



ndolis, boDoru quam maloiuin habituum 
lomiQib* } Ccd oiiinibLis cotulunt iodiUri-' 
jiiDaum} utpore J&cendenic5 atqualiEitcm 
xi. Qu^aic ADD eil actendcndum ad acci- 
icDcalcm culufque dirpofinofitrm IiTCfia* 
Luialtm fjvc moralcm* nequc ad cffcdlum 
^uihicj & nUQC rcipla fublequctur iDani* 
irio, &: icadltoDC iDJuriati, lcd ad id quo^ 
plcrumqi coDtjQgir, Sc ad cfFciniunij qucm 
aata c(l forcJri )D)uiia ez fuppofiiioDCt 
^uod qui illam patitur, fii auttccdenrcc 
roDfticuciis iD ccmpcram£[o quait ad poD- 
iu% iadiihsj dc mocum. Ccrcc cum haCf 
^uaDtum ficripoicftj coadderarioDC li'^ 
brari dcbccqancicasiDduccDstum gravcm» 
tum levem obligarionem lefticucQdiyid efl: 
fufiicieDS ad diflolveDdam mutuam pa-. 
cem ac benevolentiam, & quar ad id nom 
fufficity Bulla habita ratione difpoiitieDis 
bonas auc malac accidentaliter, & ood uc 
plurimum exifleDCts iD uooquoque iub» 
|e£bo. EjuCitnoii oimirum habjcudinem 
rerpicuiDileges& piimaevushoraiDucoD- 
reDfusezponeDdusqusrni.^i. Perh|ecigt« 
ciirotnDia patet adignabilem efle, & epor- 
ceFeuca^gDeturyatqueeam) quac a^CgBa* 
ca cily regulam univerfalem xjuaDtitacis 
fttfficieocis ad lecj^alc in jAai^ilk 'y»S^\x>X 



A4 I.Iniocon^cuscut fapientitimhtifi 
iium in ordiac id in^ld^aDdanfi rcguU 
univcrfilemqnanticatisguvis comprot 
cfii n ci tcr ej us d^{] g a stti Datm eflc a b fol u 

EofTibilcrn .ic rtecciraTi^tn » quii fapictt 
ominesiion coflfpirant iniuccatioDC jj 
pofftbiljum auc iQuiilium^qux Hultac 
Abctrarc auccm i vcti & inter fe difci 
pirc fapienribuseriam farpecoDtingicin 
lime qaoad comprcKcafioacm univeti 
liHimotum I Sc btiffime patcTjtjum, i 
metfi portibilium & rc.ilium, Deinde pl 
rescircihanc tem opinioflcs jam fuuta 
tfquat^i & ita e^enict cfrcttSj^usfall 
fuDt durincc coEiatu [itteratorum pro i 
^aganda, Sc ptomoycnda veritatei qi; 
quAndo invcnta eft virci habet mAXini 
ad opprimciidas fatfuaccs omnci conci 
tiaSt Intcrim diverfita^ optnionum ini 
«lcretminatos Jimitcsconttnetur, quosn 
mo cifcc qni pr*figerct cfFrcni homioi] 
liccntiaf] f\ viii do£ti cam non cortif 
fcctcnc ac diri^crcnt, Salutris igitut i 
Sc citca po^brk conatus inicfligacidi j 
gulam pTopofLcam* 

Ad t, Circtimftaticia: fpe^tnicsadgl 
fitaEemi Bc levjtatcm iujnflitix noci Ui 
Tattabilcs ininfinittim lyacatogoremici 

\ .. -^ 1 



oiam materialicer, aot etiam i|aoa<] plus 
mious, cum iii lacionc pcccsEi lcthaliSf 
m iDraiioneTcnialisniaioris^aticmiiio* 
t, Protraicnda aurem regula uaLTcrtali 
rcf^iTa juftitia? lolum coafiiccauruir fox» 
aliccr £iTCi^mftanri;r o^cn» iiijufti qtia** 
nufTalcDcis itludcaiiflicuere in £a[ioa« 
avisiSc lcTisiDUiftitiaj, 

Ad i^ Q^ Tc habcur oppofiro modm 
loaci aliquid pofTuQt nihilomiDUS \iaw^ 
rmitcrfcliabcrequoad aliquiii3]iud,it« 
icicaconEJagic in excmptoebie^ionis. 
uia ctatur UQzformitas coram citccmo- 
m quoad Tim diiToluciram mutuz pacts^ 

trajiquillicacir, atque ctcicatiTam Jrae, 
iBimieitift fub qua ucionepcrciuccaj 
xfiDcem confidciationem* 

Ad 4- fix dcbiticaie intctle{flus, 5c soil 

sacura r^rum provcnic qaod relinquaa- 
ir indetetminata ac indcfinica,qua;rpe» 
antad unamquamqucvirrutem,& quod 
immitcitur arbitrio cuiufque dctermina* 
ic definicio pro unoquoque opcre. 
uia arbitrium tale a Dcmine concipi 
>ccrit« ni(i depcndenter a principio^ 

rcgulaanivcrfali aliquemodo prarcoa- 
:pta, uci fuperius fignificatum eft. De* 
ide adliones iniufta; pariunt effedus, ic' 
U&u^ mMWcs, magifquc CQU^vU^o^i 



Uade rdacca^illosfaciUus poteltiSrcU^ 
ifius defiairi in uQiverfum gi:aYica5j&: \t- 
wicasearam iiuam po/TLC la maceiii alieaa 
wiiCBCum, & Tiiicimm* 

Ci^jESTio xxvni. 

TfrumMor etrperstUs Di*trnuj pt menfttrM 
^uantitMtis ^yMOjis in re fuuni/triaj 

VIdittjl oofl efTe, i* Quia racnfii- 
ramoporcec efTc iDvariabtkm acuDU 
formcm» Laboraucem diurnusellTa* 
^iabilis^ acqae xftimabilis iiixc}ualiter« 
ttum ex partc dicrum breviorum.* Bc Iod- 

tiorum pro diverii^ atmi 8c muadi parti* 
usj CHm ex paire labcuantiuBn valjc iii* 
:jequaliterquoad cckritaccm Scbouicatcm 
x>peris, tiim ezparicipfiusopcrisiEi^equali^ 
ter laberiofi ac pccEiofl. Ergolabordiui- 
flus DOD poced habecc lationcm mcDrur^e* 
X. Pauci funcj & vij ulh qui mcmioc- 
tinc laboris diurni> dum commictUQt fur^ 
iHim gravejauc iLIudomiccuDt quia gcaTe 
«fly Sc tameD atriquc mcnfuraAt giavica- 
cem» acquc de ea judicant^ mc&farantem 
mucem oporcec mcminiiTc mcQfuiXiiiec 
fieri poccft, uc ^uis mcUACm« <iui& uu* 



3, Sanc qui muUis ^e caufis yillAimo 
irccio UboraDC roio die, i^uoramproindt 
ibor non tanti xflimacurj quaati <|mo4 
ufficicadpcccarumlcthalc furci>auttapi*' 
tse. Ergolabordiuiauscftcxfcprorfusiir» 
liffsiciisaiquaTititategravGm^Sc icvem» 

4. Peccatum Jethale difTert fkotabilttdC 
\ peccatoTcmalL, & coarcqucnterquaatt- 
as fufficicas ai lechalc dincrt notabiljik 
i quantitatc fufficieDti can^utn ad Tcuia^ 
e, quandoquiicm eaqualicas peccati pea- 
ier a q uaQti ca te 4amn i, Labor aurem di ui^ 
Lus non di^crc Dorabilitec k laborc fcrc 
[iurnoex> gr. a!aborCj cui dc^cccDteitma 
farsdiurnijcadcm^juc cfl: comparatio hii- 
t/s laboris icfpc^u eius ^ cui dcflc ckona- 
;e(ima nona pars, & (ic ^e (imilibus. Ergo 
abor diurnuSy non efl idonea menruit 
[uantitacisfufficientisad lechaie. 

R. Regula goneralis tradita in <{uaeft» 
raeced^Bti reddetur ciarior»utilior>acfir'», 
ftior, fi appliceturad tingularerumgene^ 
a> quae func adxquata maceriajuuitix» 
frcs igicur rcgulafc funt ulccriusdeducen* 
X» alia pro pccunia» & rebus pecunia atfli^ 
[labilibusj alia pro honore>& aliapro fa« 
lice. Pracmittcrurycriprimo loco ctfnfi* 
eracio e^rum qu« pecunia xflimjLVLtMt^ 
ui$ fw MQtiou , $c ttfa^ &ca>iti&u^^^^ 



f 

fai ob qtiAf^ in ^u^ft, ptarcc-rlciaci cxclufi 
fikit a'iAtioac mrarur^ quaDiicAS cicicrmi- 
riaca moserac ^idcQcur cciam excludeada 
' Vi:tir3,uxc<^tiuSibo5| galliDajScc. nec noa 
poD^iiis dt:cerniinaTum rruici, Tjjiitolcii 
^c. ac dcroum par^ ^ctcrmiDara fundii 
domuSi2c fimilia ^u^Elibct tam Dactiia- 
Jia q^iam arificialia. Qi^ia Imjarmodj O" 
jnnia divcrflmadc xltimaarLir^ ncc udk 
formcm HBumquodqi cum cjcceris omni* 
tus corsapsratior^ rubit,fed longi^ diffor'^ 
inem pro divcrfitate ac[i$ & folii Nam 
}u3cu abaaJanri^r & lariraus moiuiEjfa- 
tfilitarcm aurdiflicuTrarem hibcndij acfa* 
cjesdt, iu quibus cfl pro diverfi^ rcgloni- 
bus fna^Da divciijra^, crcfcit ac dcctcfclc 
ap[lifn[icio cuiufquc rri, ciuf^em^uc Clun 
c^ercrb c«mparicio TarJatur. 

Unus cil homo lirtcn qtii ubiquc gctt* 
iium^flinrtatioDcra DbtiDcr maxim^ uui- 
fotmcm ob candem cmnium koviittum di* 
gulcacem Dflturalem, £c ^flimibiliratcin 
jUi coDVCDicDtcm racionc tul, ^vc ur fiiii« 
jSc Doautcxccris raciouis cxpertEbuSj<fU£ 
yftimanrur raiioDc alrcriu£}(]uaccnusM€' 
CcllariajUtiliaj Sc deleftabiliaiaur^decea^ 
Cja funr rcfpcdu homtnis. Quia rct^ 



rommerciocum & juftinxcommatativse, 
coDjicieodi faot oculi ra ca, qua; fuat 
;^TQpin:^iiUlun:i h{imLnia&: in quxarlUma* 
:ionisgraiiflS£ielcen(iitimmc*liitcei ^fti- 
naacionc di^nit.i^iS| quo? cfl propria [rana* 
XX liiimanx,& homiLisUh^n, Hujtirmc* 
di iiircni funcop^r^irio^cs ipdus horrLiniSv 
rum maiori propcctcs uniformiEaic dtfti- 
aiibiles ubique gcntium* 

OpctatiQoirs porro hnmiDis» iTix funt 
ImmanenccsjCit rationalcs & aoimalcs^at- 
^iie i{ksc Iccundum fcj non funt pccunia 
Kftimabilcfij ncc vcniunt in commutatio- 
ncmi ali^ funt cranrcunces ic coLpoTa.tes 
iireil^ajin utiliraitin anorum ; arquc iH* 
funtxftimabikspcGunia. Verumhx ipfac 
•petacioncs funt turfus in duplici diffe^ 
scntia. Aliae namqucfunt^inquibuspra!- 
Talet rngcnium, & eius culcura» mcmoria» 
phancana» alia;quc animi dotes inrerna?, 
vc in pi^ura & mu(ica> inque omMisgc* 
neris diredlionc ac gabcrnatione. Ali« 
Ter& fiinCt ia quibus pra^valet Jabor. Ic 
^efacigatio corporalis, uc i» agriculcu» 
ra, & oDcrum, ac mercium afporracione^ 
inqve omnis generis pura> auc fere pu* 
ra ezccacioBC cxreriori, Ea qucrum x« 
ftimatio maxiaae pendec ab iDgeoio, a» 
mr^; fimilibus doribu^ AonCuux. 1^%^^^'% 
Q3 ^^ 



V* ft«^J*.^ xxviih j 

^nx aflumaticm: ia reguUm n^oHo inftzt* 
tim j tum quia plutimuni paiticipaDc dc 
Cogenerequod dtduni td uencfferccuEi* 
jum fe ^reiid arftiinabilc ; tum quia p£Q 
4i V crfitA te regi o a um » a r<j u e ci iam ccm p o • 
Fum efl difpar frequcDCU homiauni ptus 
aut miaus prxdicorum eiufmodi aainii 
doribus, ncc nou iacumbcDtium artibai^ 
£:, laboribus^qui iude q uoad perfc^lionem 
^epcrtdcfiri uadc ^voYcnii difyMiti^ mdi-^ 
"ir^atioiiis Taldc diHx^rinis. Obfcryaodx 
igiturfuBtpto rc pf^fenci opcrationes, ia 
quibus maiimc prxYalec Jabor Sc dcfaci- 
gatto corporaiis> £^ fuDt ubiquc uecclTariv 
if. frequentcSj vcl xqualitcii vel nou ad- 
modum iDJCqualicerii 

C o jn cl u di c ur i caq uc b u i u fm odi I aboren 
diucQum hofnitiis mcdiocriter idoneii feu 
tabs, cuiufmodt fuucuc plurtmumjquiad 
Ulum applicantur Sc cotiduciiDFUT, ncc 
iiouqu;e cali labori pcrfe& ur plurlmum 
^quipoUcDtfccluiis accidcutibuSjqux lit, 
Ticahumaaaexcra commuaem rcrum ordi'- 
«em ioterveniuD^ Concludicur ioquaa 
ciufmodl laborem diumum effe quaatit&i> 
CcmfuScicnrcm & ucccflariama^ obltgar 
tiouemgravem rcflitucudi^ & ^quiTalca- 
tiam Gum ipfo clTc meafuram caf tcrorunk 
|A kA t m vciil , D i^\Mt autc m b o m i a i t 



criccr idQQci, cius oiniimm idots^t^ 
uitut plutimum reperitiin^cadtii» 
Quia futat soutiuTlL cius lobotiv 
risjapplicacionis^&ditratioDiscoQ»' 
in labot^iidoi ut laboi cerum diui-' 
u;E<|ue eidcm labftii zquipollcor*. 
dubio fupcrcnr quauncatcm Qcccfr^ 
ad pcccstum lcthale, Alii c coft^ 
uot ufquc adci^ dibilc&, iDfrtctaa& 
ifv, ut labor corum , &: qu,v ipil x^ 
lent proculdubio finr infta quan— 
1 fuffieicntcm ad lethjlc.- Dicitari 
qus pet fe & ut plutimut» illi la- 
quipollcnt. Quia tcmporc peftts 
unttampauci, qui corporahter la* 
pofTint» Sc e(l tam necefrariuslabot 
alis ad fubv^ntio^cm itife(fl6rum« 
)r«cavendum ultcriorcm infcdi©i- 
grcfruni, & ad alia fimilia, ut pre* 
aboris diurni excrefcat plurimunti^ 
luantitatem nccefTariam ad pecca-- 
avc. E convcrfo temporc fterilita- 
famis funt tam multi qui laboie 
:lint ^ro mcr&ede, & vi^u, 8C 
uci qui velint operarios coiidu- 
it idcm prctium {imilircr decre- 
Ta candcm quancitatem. Sumen* 
tur cft in regiilam univcrfalcirl 
^iuraus fccundum 3&ft.iHvaLUv>^tTCw ^ 



q^aam commuQUCf hibcr feciuiisejiirmo* 
di atcidfnnbu5> 

Quod auccm Ubor diunius hoc mod» 
CODriierarus, & coQrcquenter flipcndiun 
Jlli correrpondcns, qu£k^ue ucnvL&eo^uni 
fcqtiipoUent fuStciaor ad Diatciiam pe<* 
CAii lcchalis Qx co apparcc. Quij. £c ope- 
larms ) Ji frautlecur coca mcrcede lab«»rii 
diurai^ & qut tllum cooiuxir^ ti iorc* 
gci (iic« in ocio ab c« tiaducatut, a^gtd 
^dmodum ferunr» ncque id compucioi 
inrcr parva dcrrirnema facilc di^mulau* 
4ta. DcioEicquod turaiioue inforruuiii 
But bcncHcii cU quid magQUm j uoa po* 
tefV ciVc quii pirvum iti ratione juflirif 
fti fe. CcDfctur auiem eifc magnum Ab« 
ib lucc iuforrDiiium j (i quis pcr Jiem ia- 
tc^rum pcrpGram laborcr * cum 5c Pe« 
trus Apoflolus ratiqtaam magaum iufor* 
tuEiium poniicrsrct , quod rota no^c U- 
boiaiido nJhil cfEpitrcr^ Ncc eiiguuRt 
lienc£cium aur obfcquium impendifle 
Judicaiur, qui per rtram dicna corpo- 
lali Uborc dcfarig^rut gTaris iu urtlirv 
tem ^Uerius. Dcnique iu facris lirtC'' 
t'i% hoc ipfum cUrc demonClratuf, dum 
XcTicici 5. grayiier prarcipitur ; K#» nm 
r^hitur ^fna te mercts mifcins^rm ^f^9t§ 
phMf* Ei f«:jaiaBk^XQ^^^wv?iHLt# figiii* 




-4 



3i ^UMn tiiM ti g r^vh c5*^ - J ' # 

flcarur pcr metaphoiam mcTccdis debitac; 
f ra bbore diuinoj ^uodpcr metaphoram 
rci cjigu^, ncc pctcrngcncis tnatcuam dc- 
biti Zc oblTg^tionis s^ravfs aoti idoncd 
ligDiticaTcEQr i ticnipc icgnum Dci » iC 
aHmcBtum dtbitum miniilro Ivangc» 
lii] ibidemquc ^criccr rcprchcridityt tan- 
ijnam iniuuitia gravis dcfraudario mctf 
€tdis (tmTnar^ 

Jam fi labor fit diurnD moraitter mi-' 
Bor^ aut {lipcndiam ucius dici dcfraudt^- 
tur daca cjuldcm parcc moraliter aeftima^ 
bili,ncurrum pro una vice ceafecur quiil 
nagBum j fcd inccr facilc comumccr con>-> 
doDflbilra computacur loqncndo pcr fcv 
HocidcmccrnitUr propornonc fenrata ttt' 
cxcmplis poficis infortunii & bcDcficii ar- 
qac vaVciicibus in favorcm huius parciSj>& 
benecoDfidcrcncurnfculpiam apparec ce* 
ftimoniuim fimile fufficienter probaas ae- 
ftimaridebereaprudecibus tanquam qai<f^ 
fimpliciccr magaum in ordine ad diAel- 
Ycndam mutuam paccm 8C concirandani 
iram » ja^uram laboris diurno minoris>> 
aucpecunia?jquae non accedac ad^ flripen'* 
^iumunius diei prolaborecorperaH. Ta>^ 
quamvcro fi uon accedac moralitcr, quia 
parum , pro nihiio repucacuc in His rcbuc 
(ugad graTicaccm > 6c levicatcixi ^ccc^xw 



I 

Vjdcri igitui potcft quanticarena. a 
£tiacaiti tanquani fufiRcirnccni ac ncc 
^iumadobligacioDcm gu^cm rcftitu 
dif Tcu noD tioc^^Ddi c^e dcBnitam ju 
comrruDeEn pnideEitum hominum exi 
matioDcm j ^c proii]<^e rrguUm rradit 
ciVc legitimam. Gui niKilomitius plul 
Iticn lucisj qiu iDdjgcc, aiqiic dctcimi 
tjoDi^^djicicuiquaeih jo. 

Ad I. Labor dturuus cunn circuisfl 
tns& nnodificacioDibus qu^ adiuiida 
fuiitj quarqiie comcDUfvitcr lubintcnTg 
ttit? fub GomiDe laboris dJur&i skh(ol 
HoUio e(l uuiformis ac iDvariabrtis u 

?[ue xflimatiomis ac ptoinde eo mc 
umpcus ratiourni rcguljC: & n^earur^ . 
]l^re apcifnc poceft« . 

A4 2« Di^um cd men/uram quaBrits 
gf^visi cfTe labercm diuro-um & <|.uiiq.i 
aiquivsilec laboridiuroo. Quicumijacj 
|en:^:pec<:at lcchalicer furaodo auc rapi 
40 cognofcic necefTaiia, fbrmalicer» 
«quivalencer fe inferre nocumeocum 
^uale jac^urx labori^ diurni.> .DCC.pcc* 
xc lexhalicerpoccft, quin «ftrimec in; 
fticiam.fuam io huoc ufque gradum ^ 
.n^civam^ G^gnofcicigicuroccedrarii!^ 
liiorcnftdiurnum} cg SQ^odo ^ttii is hal 



J}i ^u MntitAti ^rMvijfiF^e, 1 7 1 1 

Ad }. Patet latiscifdidiscircacircum* 

RanciasUbonsdturni nicatui:iQi:i& jafflu-k 
rim pccwinarum i^ravcm, 

Ad 4« Fitn pocclt utaliqiJid ah ^Uquo 
iifferar p^nim cnnianve qutiad i^uanri- 
:atcmj ifltcQfianciii, propiiic[uJtatem i tc 
rameo co ipio p^rvG dikriminc ctitita^ 
unQ diffeut qudirplurimuni quoad vim 
litimo complcramac dttcrminacam pr»-' 
lucendi mdgnum efFcdbum, uc patec ex: 
gne quam minimum Beri poccd diilaa* 
:e> vel non diflance ainafra pulveris tor* 
■iencarii,cxralor-e ut feptem vcl ucodlo» 
:xpondecc opprimentcaut occidcntepro-- 
>ccr drffvrcntiim unius po^mi uUra pon* 
lus ul imo fuftcntabile, & fic de fimili* 
>u$, In hunc igicur modum quaBticaS' 
)t«cisc ncccffaria & fufficiens ad pccca.* 
um lcchalc differc parum entirativc i- 
juanritate qiac eft fumma iafra ipfann ^- 
Htlar ramen pltirimum m rarione ulti* 
no complctx acdeternninafaf''ad ina^^nui». 
rff:ATjm proptcr illud exi^aum addtca«» 
neaturh* Sicut enim vir<.'S'Corporis caa*. 
km aIiq«iando dcficiunt , proprcr exiik 
^am additionem ivltirao romplcncent- 
^onias inco!crahilc> arqiic ica <:oacidic 
iuc occiditur homo ; ita propt?r. exi*- 
^aaaaadJifiOiieaj- ulrim^ cttu^X^tk\^"^ 



17»^ Si!f*M^ XXIX- ^ 

Jtiium In rationc intotcrabilis apprtmi'- 
tmciiidcm homiDis paiiccrciitCODcipuut 
Irai Bc difToIvicur paij 3c tTanqitillitas mtl* 
tiia. Qm pUne cfl effcAus magous fcca* 
tu^ fa£Va Addiciotic iLla ulcima parvaj ic 
tiQn fccucurus cadcni non fa£ta. Efligw 
tur magBUHidifcrimcn iDtcnlaborem dmcp 
jmm^ £c liborem immcdiar^ minorcnk 
diutao quoadvim indu(5tivam magai«f- 
fcAus ulttmo corrpUtam licec CDtiutiTJi 
& maceTialicer iit parvum difcrimcn* la 
juftitiaautem gravis&levis difFcrujiifor- 
malLcer quoad vim indu^titam talis cffe- 
Auscompleram vel aon compleram ulti-: 
^D^uttitjncccx qu«ItH.prxccieD£K 

<iy M S T I O XX IX. 

^irftm jfifamath d§ lcthaUfit meftfnrs fftsitf 
tiiMtis ^rmvis im mMHria hmptis. 

VI D z T V R noQ vQe i. Quit cttntift^ 
gicaUcuic^cpraburiucquc dc co^cm 
matiifedari pcciracum leckale j quii 
feropterca pecceiur lechaliccr. £ coQTCt- 
iti comingic quiburdam aliis cxprobr^ ' 
ri peccacLim Tcnialc, lur idem de iXC^ 
4tBi maaifeflari miaimi^ PofTc quin pce- 
ia|i UlbftUuu &c^ LELUDueio dc te- 



iKali tioa eft mcnrara ficccatJ gtiih ia 
vateria honDris* 

2, SuDt qu^daiti pecc^ta rcataliiqQibtlSr 
imputatis & manifefiatis fnagis vilcfcit 
botnoapudproximQS jquam tmpuraiione 
& maDifctla^ioQC {juoruad-aTn lechaliumi 
idqi pcrfc. Qu^iaqu^iam Tcoialiaut mciip* - 
dacia, magis uoccnt commercio & com* 
mu&iiAiioni humaDxqnam quzdam lc- 
thatia, idcoquc msjrj; odio hflbeniur Sc 
minusasftimantui illorum quam iftorum 
audoresmanifefti. Irg^o prodatucnda^rc- 
guU graTis dchonorationis difccrocDduni 
cftinccrpcccatatu yenialia>tum lcthalia.. 

R. Quxftiopcopodta rcfolvicur criplici» 
conclufionecommuBiccr reccpca cum ro- 
tidem.Batationibus. Prima conclufio. Id- 
famacio dc pcccaco lcthaHcft fufficicns ai 
pcccatumlectMle, & inducit graTem oh- 
ligationem lefticuendi loqucndo pcr fc*. 
Pacec hoc» quia omnes zgrd fcrunc im- 
pucari fthi pcccacum lcthalc» le ccnfent 
magnum ea dc caufa nocumcncum & 
accipilTea fi nondum itlud paili ciant^ 
Aec nifi admodum difficulcci pacem^ §c he- 
jicTotcnciam iccineac eiga ratcm infamaco« 
xcra. 

Confirmacur, quiaomncsfubfunt pije- 
ccpto hahcadi cuxam fai boAV aomiGLUv 



l 

a,tqj huic praecepco gravicer (Tontra^iart 
qui non hibet cuiam ] nctDCurr^t infamii 
depeccacolechalK Si qutdcm per ralem ac 
taDtamfania: &l hoDoris jafluram it>cidrt 
in mag.Ba[nqi]4odam f.iciHtatcin pcccaadt 
lcthaliterdificfto honaris frcno , quodcll 
potcntiflimamad uniiTTiqucmque io oflfi- 
ciocontinendum :; atquc unulquifquc te^ 
j^etur.rubl^thati ad TLi:aDda[t^ raciUtarcmj. 
•Utincidatin leEbale. Htgo ctiam lenectir 
B.oninferre alits t:ilc uacumcDtum. Ne& 
Cfiimmagis ctiiquam Hcctjautminuspto*^ 
hibetur miDuece bona atiorum quam Ca^p^ 
fedtnagis^conrra, 

Addicurautcm iu concltifione loquei»* 
d^perfe: &.iD probatiouc > unondumiU ^> 
lud paffi eranc. Qaia fitri potcft pcracci- 
densahquemc^cin ralj giadu pravas com* 
inuniscxiftimationisconftirutum , utmi* 
mmam lefionem) 8c facile diffimulandam»- 
auc condonandam patiatur imputatioqe 
peccati lcthaHs , faltcm in ccrto quodaoi' 
gcnere. -Qood poteft cffedivcrrum prodi» 
Tcrfisquoad mores & conftitutionrm na« 
turalem -, & prarviam circa ipfos nocittam; 
'It>*gulaigitur data diredl^ ▼^g^^ circa eo«* 
Komincs qni noii induxeruac aIcetatio«> 
ttem circa fc notabilitm con-munis cjus* 



li^l^pletuoqttc concigcnci koniiotimxo^* 
RicQciooeac qAodoagcodi. Coctcros yet6> 
radcm iegull.com pichcojdit in4»re€tc>> 
l|aaccnu6 quapticas iafamationis eoruni 
inetieadacft pcr/ aequiy«lcntiarn jadurc- 
li|6Y«adnocumcntum« quod infcrtur pet: 
ifapucacioQcnk peccaci lctkalis illi , <jui t 
Ci»mn;iQacm cjufinodi ciiflimarionca|'i 
jtondum notabiliicr vulfteraTit ac ^eprcf* 
fit. 

Sccunda concla(io: Infamario dcpecci* 
Covcniali elirufHcicnsadpcccacum vcnia* 
lcloqucudo pcr fc,.& iniiucit oblij».aiio# 
ncmlevcro rcllitucndi i requiturexprxcc- 
dcnti«Quiaeadem eO propottio iufiicicn- 
ciac hujus infamationis & peccandum lc»- 
TJC^r , & ad obligarioncm lcvem reftiruen» 
dii quseci^iDfamationisdelcrhaliad pcc-^ 
candum lcchalirer,& ad obligaiionem gra*- 
▼^m Ec inrupcrconfirmatio adhibita con- 
rincit iJclarc?, Quiaaliaspeccans veniali- 
Ccrcoram aliiSi coipfapeccaict lerhalitcr' 
p^r rclo<)uerdo,quateous ind^ incurrcrcCj 
infamiam de pcccato vcniali, & patcrctuii 
ja^uram boninomims circa pcccarum ve* 
.male>adqiiam jadutam vitandam tcnctuif 
in gCDcrctxlegcD :i. 

Dicirurantcm hiceriamper fcloquen- 



17* §U4fii§ XXIX, 

lam fitpeccatumimpurarc alicai non ft" 
lu m ptccacn m vcn j al e i jb gcn ercj € uj u fmo- 
4ii[nparacionullum rctpcSiu cujufquam 
pcccfttum cOjuxra kgcmoidioaTiam ; fcil ^ 
Cltimimputarepeccacuni 7cni»)c talisyel i 
Taii&gtrncris ctcLcrmiDitC}atduc ut commif<- 
fum cali tcmpcrCj lc ta taiibus cireutnflaa- 
tiin ohi^^MVMXi boarQemiu is^quftrn i% jam 
aiitcccdcDCcf fcccHt iu raligcocrc. Qajt- 
pioptcr huic CQnclufioDi appUcaQcia eft 
pioportiouaitcircontparatto & CQnliiicra' 
lio t adhibua in pxxccdcnti* 

Tcftii conclufio quaflibct Sc Tola alia 
Ixfio ixmx 3c houoris iu quDvi^^cQCFV 
f crfedi on i^ ac cxccllcoti ae , u v c u aturaliri 
jtfc moralis ^quivalefis infainatisDi it 
fcccaro, Ixthali j cnrfufficicnsad. pcccft- 
ttim lcthalcj & ad obli^^tioacm gra?fA 
leilitucQdi : arquivalens Tcra infamsiEio* 
mi dc TcuLali tii fufficicns ad vcbiaU« 
& ad obligiiLiionemi lcTcm. Kc% cfl cla«- 
^ C3L di^is , quia Doti potcfl noa cA 
fadcm ratio ac xAimatio dc eo quod 
arquivalct j & dc eo cut aequivalccj cuhl 
ipfuffl DOD v^lcTCj fuudatc eandem obli* 
gacionein^ ac « tlimationcm i toHai fbt- 
fualicci xquiTalcDtiativ. j^quivaleDtia 
porroida pcnfanda cft )uita dida quxft, 
^.7»(}^ua&fiii{a ^ui^uki^di aaimiub M 



p 



Nocario I* Qaaddrtflunieft dc infaina- 
lionc, & ^quival^nEibns^fifamarionij \m 
KoDorattoni eriam communc c(^. QuiA li* 
cct fama $c hooor diftijaguaiitur intcr Ce 
fc^iliECT quaf^ni:! honor occiilius & pard 
iDrcrtot cA aCcuTas bonicstis fcu pcrfe* ' 
£):ioQLS& excciicntix conrcnicatis alreti 
ip aliquo gcncrc. Extcrior tci6 & pcrcepti- 
^jlisab alnscft aiaisifcflatio talis afTcnfifi 
YCibo Ycl opcrc fad:i j $c ncccfsc ncqu^- 
quamc{ljU^fai7iam pi^fupponacfamaau^ 
tcoi I pr«ueopponLtur infimix, &ad piX' 
fcntctn fpc^ic caulidctationem » intctioc 
^uidcBi cft iiocitia hoooris conTCiaictirit 
alicuiapudaliquemalium» prxfcindendo 

Sbafrenftt& dincnfujExccriorTeideflcjui^ 
eniaocicix manifeflatio» & pcopaga- 
tio Teibo Tcl operefada; ac propcerea 
siecefre rft> uc fama prxfupponac hono« 
rem ejufdem perfonas fcu Tcre feu fals^* 
prouc concigeric famam effe Veram tcI 
falfam : ez quibus facile liquec quid 
finc infamacio & dehonoracto ram pucd 
AegaciTa quam poficiTa. Liccc inquaoi 
fana & honor hoc modo difFeranc in- 
tcrfc, & confcqucntcrinfamacio, acdc- 
konoriicio dilFeraflciacei (c cod^tsx \xvc»4t;k\ 



fcibfant canicn iiiiiformiEcr,AUC fcreciicMfP'^' 

mam &:hoiior£m ur(|ucadc6 bicvirercoa*! 

jelufo, vidcn <|u«Enplura poAunc ii pla^ P^ 
ccr, qus tamcn placcancdilRculrer j a^ult^ 
XirdiDalcm dcI:,ugodifpucvt4/fc^,i;, r' 

Nouriofecuada: aoctinicDtumparrrUW 1 
iii lati o u t boflaris i uc faoi q po Ecfl c^t: ma-^ | ^ 
gDumquoadrcm pccuuiaiiainiArqi ccoa- 1 
^!fcrfo, Sienimviro nobili in jnedio furb r 
Tiolcnrctiapiaitir Bos, qucm maou gcrfr^ ly 
.ftUEtciuDciDS,qucm habciin crumcDa^ ti- ^ 
.^ura hoDeris cilgravis, liccr pccuniarij &t 
«xigua ac fcrc nulla. Si vcro dc rn cdico dw 
itaiui licficcre ip{i fcDfum caflu&iacrrrc-' 
.mii digiris, jat^uia pecuniar porcnt tiVm 
■ Bifliimj, camcrfi miaifna hi honoii^. Idcni 
Bftdeattlico j qncm amai Prioceps, Si tfi^ 
pararus conferre illi iDcli^rnria bencficiatn 
napponaiur iljis impcJimrntum manif^e» 
ftaitoncdcfe^u&in fcquidcm ciigui, ma^-^ 
\ftimd tamcD dirphccDtii Priuciptt Inhtt^ 
murcm &; fimilibus cventibus adtrit oUH* i 
Faiiogrivisrcparandi d^muum fub ca rt<' J 
tione,fubquamagiium fuerir j Icvis vcift 
fubca ratione>fubquafuericlere; fiqui» 
dem alcera reparacio fucfic feparabilis ab 
alcera. Quod (i feparabiles DonfueriDCTel 



;^ pftffltieericdebicafiib larihaliquoail aher^ 

^^ Kum dire^i, &iQdLi:e£t:e ijuo^d siJicrum^, y 
^autie ^, qu» q.uismagis abuo4at ho*> 
. b«i:€ £c Fann;ij eo magi$ peccarur adycifui. 

P i^Ctim uniufcujufquc dcfedus impuca* 
tiaoc, majorq ue Qiitur obUgatio leHiTacii-^ 

,„ dt. Quia vi^clicet eo eft maius Docuniea* ^^ 
Cmn quodpaciturinfamaEUSj fcu dehopo-r 
facus. Afccnfus cuinm cjufdem defcftus cir-^ 
ca duosifi^quaU^ hoDorjs & famz, utrum^ 

3ne redigit ad cunicm in eogcnercgri* 
um jidcoque plus-^mitcic j qui magis ;iii* 
^ccdcutcrexccdebat cum gradum. Nrquir; 
in hac matcria. eit locus pr^cfumpnauic^ 
qaalisqufft. )i. dicctur i^fcadcnc in ift 
pecuDiaria dc coDdouatioDe majotis i»a* 
tedaliternocumcnti ; turn quia pizfump* 
tioToluntatisccdcntLs juri fuo q.uoid pe*^ 
Jj «uniasefthouorificadLviti, qua divcfi cft^, 
MeoquecoBcipirur cum aJjquo cjus lucr<^- 
^ inalio ^cuercj prajfumprio vcro cclKouii-^ 
J ^uoadflouQiem, ncceft hoaorjficaiDcclu,* 
erofahLiuoiato^quahonoracuspraccisc cft^ 
lattcmttifialtLLadc iit fp<JCJali[cr oidiri3t%, 
md maiui h0aoris& probitariK cm^lumcii^ 
tum : cum quiaqui abuiidat hoaoTc^ tcuc* 
turpcr fe coBfervarc hoDorem > dumiUutn 
inaHum majorcmaut aequalcm bod com- 



|t0 gJw*/itfXXIX, 

fn^3 duTTi QOP ti^ tiicixmWitiiiondiz modin 
di^oci^Bulla UTrupr^iofleasu crtin qu^£l, 
i6.Quadecaufa iilmalia& volupTas>& ^c* 
£dcnu (au^orum paticnii iDrdTTiia null^ 
lenus potefl hoatfflarc aflionesinfamai»- 
ii3«atiotumac{verrusipfos. Conftat igirof 
ci kis veram c(^t & quo fenfu Yer^ Bi abfo* 
hit*i ^fic perfe re_^uli^taviratis in niarerjl 
bonoris & f.ani2 tonftnuta pcr infamacio* 
itetn delethiLi & levnaciK fci iufiamarto' P 
jiem de vtrniah, y 

Ad 1. IIU vict^cudo conrratia teguTff 
tradiiae contingit peraccideDS, ideoqai; 
tionefteonirariacidem regul^jprouE^om* 
municeraceipitnratquecipo^cacf^. 

Adi., Illa diTcrfiiai pcccatorum flui, 
aut miaits necentiumhumanJE commuoi* 
catiouicotttrariamagnicudttii maliiixip* 
foruin nou efHcic ut iufamadodc min«ci 
pcecaco Goccat magis qu:oad hrooorc.quam 
Itifaciiacio dcmajoii peccato i fcd^uodfiO'^ 
ceac maf^is ^uoad emolumtntft alii pcii<* 
dtntia k facilttace commutiicacjonUf 4f 
familiaritatis coHTcntf ce uoicuique refpe'' 
Aualiocum jitnra drda in k* Nocariooc* 
VadcDihil mdehabetlir adpropt)£cum, 

Supcreft: pofl hxc ultjmo Loco cxplicaK" 



13^ fuattfhMti £rMV4 (}-ir* ^ti 

atctligiruirci^nomiu^ ialucis commu* 
itCTAoa futum ipccgrkas corpoiis, $c 
uidquid 9td coipor^lem Cianiraccm, a« 
on<atn e)us <ijrpo£[to&cm pciTincc * tcd 
tiatn omnc gcnas pctfcflionisj ac bo- 
itacisj tum phjrJicse tun:i mcraljs affi- 
icntis hoinincm iDirinfec^. VidcnduiA 
gJEur cfl ad ^amjsum illitum ia hu- 
ufmodi boois animi auc corporis tile 
c , uc poflit CK ftia iatura induccrc 
aotum dolotis fenfumj taticam ezcitara 
rim, & tantum afFerrt impedimcAtum 
nucua: beDCToIencia: ac paci , quantirm in* 
ucere» czcitare, aut afFerre potcfl fru« 
tratiolaborisdiurni, fubtra£^io (lipendii 
orrefpondcntis talilabori^auc imputatio 
>eccaci lerhalis. Siquidem tantundeni 
[u«ad harc Talebit> erit(|uantitaSBoca* 
ncDti fufficiens ad peccatum larthale» 
in minus erit infufficiens, folumque fuf- 
iciens ad veniale, dummodo patiens fic 
nvitus rationabiliter» uc liquec ex didlis 
n hac & in duplici prazcedcnti qu«ft. N i* 
»c nihil occurriti quo mciius,quaro ifliuf- 
nodi comparationequantitas £■ lK>cge* 
tere fufficienslc oecefraria vniverfalicec 
letermioetur. Nihii eoim unum appa« 
ecintraproptiumgeous, quodica (icoo* 
um juoadjuajicicaum &ocunLttvvv ^>a£i*- 



Md^icotftnacprartiibciicce^arjjrn ad oVtigl- 
tioncm gravem^ ut pafTit fneHus fubire n* 
tioDcm regula: tefped^ii cxTcrorum. Idri 
tifumcftrem hat3c ifca liic c«acltidcre for 
tnodumappe0dicisiclid:ifclicioribai la* 
^CDiiscicpDEtiQ&cmagis eiada iaixi pcq; 
f rium gcjaus, 

QJI ^ S T I O XXX, 

^^trhm fuantitMs fuffejfns t nd injufiidMm 
iri^^im cenfiftsi in indi^v^kili ixfarn i*- 
fufti0giniis. ,''"^ 



l 



Vldctur confif^crc Im jndiriftbifi* fJ 
Quia jpiUria cominiitanT», ad<|ui 
pcrtincc pixcavcreinjurias j ti iUatit 
VcparaieconLhtuic xqualicaccm Arickmt- 
ticam iQicr omacs homi ncs, uci eipofitiim 
•cft qiiarit, 5, Eam atjcem cdnfticueremiai* 
Ync poCcc j Q qu^ucitas fuScicns ad iujii- 
xiam|;iaTcm non ccmnftcrcc indiYifibiH 
'Cx pac^cageoris. Quiais ccfpe^^u cujusd 
quanif^cn s cfl cr m a j cr > q ua m ccfpc A u alic^ 
TiuStPoucdjicundem paccrctucabliocaUe- 
vopcccantc: TaYircrcontra ipfum > quan- 
tum ipTe illi alten noccrec.dum coBtrt 
€um pcccarct gta^iw, Qoj: cft mamfcftt 



9« mdivijlh , dMmni ^c • f 1 9 ■ 

deontraefi. Quja yDufquirquepeccit 
Lccr TeLieTtctr praur iudicac defua 
\fkti N#Q auEC omne^ utiiforaiiceriit* 
\t t fed mukiplici dc c3u(;iluat vitiA 
ana judicia, ueIq Qliii [ebuSj itidc 
liia qu^ncitatc doccrminata Ju nuce* 
lacfcnci y idque ct euit pcr fc icfpc^tt 
is nMihicu|diBis> licocin iaiigulispo(&C 
'ecancain peraccidens ctled«cetinint* 
judicium., 

. Videnrur affirmaciTam fcBCCDciaim 
:e itr qus^d; propolica Cardinalis dc 
3, &aIiicommuiiiccrapud ipfumlo» 
perius indicato. Diflindbione auceni 
> cil. Diccndura namque eft quanci- 
nfuflicieDtem ad injufticiam gravem 
confiftercin indivi^bili abfoiuce,dc 
id omnes univcrfim j homines 3 confi- 
camcn in indivifibili refpedivequo^ 
ngulos feorfim homines. ETplicacut 
adccurhxcaircrtioezemplo jufti pre» 
rum vendibilium. Tltudnamque pre» 
\ non coa£ftic in iiidivi(ibili iimplici«^ 
:quoad omncs abfohit^, fedex com* 
i confcnfu a^^oofctcur fummum > me» 
n, & inHmum , arque intralimitesju^ 
E difcrimen iftud exifterc pofle intcc 
raht^nres communis eziftimatio eft* 
icindcp^udenuxab iiULOimvit \w\xk- 



cibiliseictiranonc* Ac Ji iDter duos c#n* 
tiahcDCc&convcDetic deccrmitiacc^ dc prt« 
tio j 2iit iDfimo 1 auc mcdio aiic fiini* ^ 



I 



mo t P^ ptctium debicum cx iuftiiti 
cop^Ilct inter illos in iDd.iTitibiUi in 
«c ncuEcr aut plus eiigciei ^ui: iniQUi 
fDlrcce dcindc fo(Cii abfque iniiiilidi 
iitcuiiqueexiguuniac miDtmum id Hcjpe' 
ncsqaodquxiuur cice^Tus auc dimjau- 
tioj tatnccfL iaitio utiumyis intra cccMi 
limircslicuiirct, Ht^go fimiJitcr in futtOi 
autrapinSj & cofiEcqucntcrip reflitutia* 
«c admittcQila^ ti\ nmpltciter quaDtiui 
fumraa, media^ Sc infimi iocia limitci 
quanticatis CufficicDtis ad oblgationcm 
gcavcm vcl kvcm ; licct rcfpc^u UDiu^ 
cujufqucdctcrmiDatc Don dctm lalis 11« 
ticDdocjufdcm qu^ucLtatis. Ratio pariti* 
tL$c(l; quiaut dtflum rfl qu;cft, zr. dt 
Philofoplio & D. Thoma a^ioDCS in\ii* 
liofx habcDtianoDem cemmucationiSp Iq 
commuiaLtoDibusauicm id »in quod coo^ 
"vcntumcd > dcbccuriu indiTiiibili proat 
fubcft convcntioni; eonvcnno vcr6 ifCi 
poEcllficcidivcr^modd, Sc cumiuxquali' 
face matctiali, abfquelaefioiic iiajuftit]tf*l 
Jlrgo fimtlcquid aamittciidum t& in a-»I 
^iooibusiDiuriofiimododi^^o, I 

< Yc;i:ui&auu(^uM4oc^t&.vi'^m\t)^tMu.tl 



3c it^ivtjlhilh, dnmnl, jRf 

ro! UBtari^',^ ua W% iu ut Qm nes, qu Jt f uti« 
ntur in afliooc iDJuda, noii datur cou« 
ittia ^Bgulotum cum {Jngulis hic 5c 
LDC dcrerminarci & iDfupct js qui paci^ 
r injunam pleriiTnquc cil igoorauscjui 
lodagicur» nccellc e(t uc dctctminati» 
tis quantitaiis c< mmitciitur falcem uc 
utimum juiJiciD Dltus iujurifturiSjUrqfiT 
dirigatur rcgtila illai q^tod tibi nm i^kt 
nri ne ficerU. Pcrquamtcgulam jubcn- 
liinE^uti mcciricarreros ci lcipfis, atque 
,c6 obferTarc lcgem olilij^autcmuuifot-^ 
ircr diiformiteii unumquemqutTideliV 
it juYca fcnfum fuuin. 

Icaqae qiAod quifque )udicayerit fe 
avicer lactirum ex nacura rei, (i ab ali» 
bcraherecur fibi» cric quaficicas, cu)u9 
btradione ipfe graTiter peccabic. Hoe 
ttem judicium non eUe uniformiccc 
liforme in omnibus paretj cum i po- 
erioti, cz mirabili au6lerum difcre* 
intia fupcrius nocata quoad tazandaoi 
aantitatcm graTcm > cum a prioti^ ex- 
altiplici heuiinam genio stqae iti^ 
:fiio» moribus, affed^ibus> latttadlne- 

an^udia cordis«^ Quare confequca« 
r ad principia fuperius pofica» & co4 
m fundamenca coDcludeadum Tide« 
r iujBisaAi cajn quatiumtiav'» t^ ^^*^ 



bacum Dimiruin cflficacicec fui 
diHroum, & qua; illi arquipjolli 
ci cum quanticacc iufficienci ac 
adlxthalc. Is ancemlaborcfl I< 
krevior, majoiis auc minoris j 
9iora1i divcrficacc juzca ailigDai 
cis diiterencias fadla a:ftimacloD 
boris recundam (c. 

Incer iilos igicur limices coc 
xtarc per fe (In^ulos quofquc ; 
quaaciface grav.i ; cxna e<»iden] 
«ifi pcr aeciiiqas» doa folumrp 
tnra rerum icctindum fe> fcd ecia 
eadcm relajc^ ad kumanum ing 
que ad cjus vices ahioluce & i 
exi(lenft»in UDn,qAioqiie homi 
Ter^^in hjuoc moJum c^xaciom 



Hfi in divifih, d^m ni, ^c. | f 7* 

I jn ciemplum* Dics por;a inrcUigiia- 
r, quaidS func R.om2e^ tibi Iia^c fcribun* 
r, VDdea<iaHa& rcgrooeii in quibuseft 
vi^rlitia moralitcr magna ccmporisdiur- 
k traduci facLl<! porcru dodrina cnditK 
mta proporcionc quaad riumcrum he* 
r^m per quasoridinacic durac labor diut* 
is. F;icilc iinitlitcrcll accommodarc ma- 
rix hoDoris, & famxi' nec non falttcis 
ixdidafuncdere pecuniaria. Efl cnini 
: omnrbas cadem proporcionalis racio. 
Ad racionem dubicandi parcis afHrmaci- 
e : jafticiacomucaciva confticaic arqua* 
cacem Arithhiecicam intcr unamquem- 
^eccomparacum Cum (ingulis quibufvis 
iis juzca(enrum cujufq; quoadcommu- 
cioncstQvoluncanas,5c jiixra convcncio^ 
:m Qcriufque commucancis qaoad vo- 
uraciasi non ver& condituic aequalita*. 
m Arichmccica uniformitcr uniforment 
iceromnes univeriim homines : ncaueid 
\ poifibile cciara per fc zefprdu^onditio^ 
shumanie^ ac api^jirtt cz did^is. 
Adracionempartisnegantfsj anufquis*' 
ilccd expofirusdifparibusaliorurri judi* 
is,atquciifdeoperatioaibuscrj[;afc,ficut 
Ktcri func cxpofiti arbicrio ipiiusquoad 
pcracioucscjufdcm crga coii^io^, Nv^*^^ 



Qui plus nocerc pocciitalicui qaip p^ccC 
l,;3i:ihiliier ^ qi-i^m id^m fiocerc ipji pQ£&[ 
abf<juc pcccJto lathali, cft cjrf^oritus op» 
^iotira; computarioiii icipe^Su alirujus al- 
ictius* Quiipiopit:! lcx unifonnis tlifFor* 
niitaris lupcrius tipoiita cft abfolucc «• 
^uali^ icfpcdu joiuDium prxft^iitiin conft- 
4cr^nd& omncm upivcilim matcriam jiip 
{liti^ i CGiititit^it chim UtioKm ia una 
matcti:it:irc lbLcl;ioi:cm inali.ij ideoq; fi' 
£ta comparauone tinivcrfali uDafquiliUcc 
iJLiicutlibct t'v;ixlic ^bfolutc afqualisj u[ 
piccbic CQDfidcunii cLimmagna»& cia^i 
^uciumuc3.hu]usrci cuius cxamcn JoprX' 
Lciiti cvadcret lcngius juito ^ cilcc cunD*^ 
iiim niagis, quam utile» 

Q^' VE S T 1 O yiXXh 

4iiiJti^iUj cx f/irrt patii/7tu ? 

Vln jT vK nop coiifiAcTcinindivitf- 
bili i tjuia gra\i:as injuflitir pttidce 
cx gtavitatc uocumeiiti iiidudli pcr 
tAioncm injuftan^ f uitum atlictn fcuii» 
c. g. c^uod gravitcj: Docct paupcii» ncqiia* 
ouam gi^vicer nocct pra^divitr, Eigo noa 
pildctni cjuiaiui^ tuffi.w & kOl nccciTaria 

i - ■ 



k 



3e ntJt^ttMlft, dMmJfi, "pfp 

mUhorttjtisiimainfjrnaVjcf ic mendacia 
Bibil ftl fcritcr trocCT rafamir, noc^tvcri 
pravicer cij <rui cll in ma^no honore coa- 
iiicutus : 5c fimiliccrr in macetu falucis'*^ 
Ergo in toEat cnatcria jultitia: viriit quanf- 
ricatem condiTi0p3i:irnrrum. 

R. Qujritro propofita fotdmproponitut 
ab 3tu£tonbas circa rcm pccaofariAm : ^ik 
yidclicct reguJa fupcrms dataacquc vigcat . 
rcfpc^ilTalJ^CjSc: mediocTircr divitum,ncc 
non & pauperum, esdcmquc Aritkinctr'- 
ccc|uanciTa5 dcbcar fubl^tbali oon aufct- 
xij^uc abUra rcflitui hab^juii maximasi^ 
jnccliocrcfldivicias, ncc nonciqui noucft 
di?es3 an v6ih dcbeat ciFc eadcm cauctim. 
Geomccriccj urfitctdcm diftaatia (juan- 
tiratis, quam pcccacur larthaUrer adverfus 
YaKic divircm} a quanritatc, qu3 pe<:cicut 
jEthaliter adverfas mcdiocritcr divitcm t 
qux cft iincreorum divitias. Commuuior 
auflorum fcnccntia cft noo cifc eaudcm; 
ATiihmcticc «juantiratem refpedVu omcii'- 
ttmj fed proporrionalcm modo difto, id* 
qnc ccnfer iodifhitarum Cardinalis dc Lvr- 
go difp. 6^ fcd. 2. FuBdamencum c(t ra- 
tio dubitandi modo propofica. 

Vcrumhacojiiniofalva a\iftoi>raMt.x «.• 
K 5 ^^^-^ 



]f9 S^Mph XXXI. 

Venim hsccopitiip tklvaauAotuiti teTe« 

rcdtia, qus illifi deberur maiima. pra^fci- 
tim JDrcniorali pcp^feori a ptudtati aibi* 
triQf Tide[ur ^aldc difficilis ruitt adheau^ 
jiemjruin {impticircrj Ad homiuem qui'^ 
dcm quoad duQj quorum alccruin ^ii ii' 
tiaiUi dabitaodi qut uni<:e ititutinjrist- 
tci:umcI^<{uod iidcm auflotcsdoccDt daii 

.jjihilomiQu&quinrieaccm qu^ndam fufli- 
cicDtemadlcthilercfpc^u cuiuUihct, cao^ 
dcmquc Dcccilariam i:c(j>cd(u pluriuni in* 
tcr Lc ina^qualium <f uoai diviii^S^ limtt^ 
fieTabiHiTimc irtxqualcs i\&t* 

Qoodad tatioucm ilUmazrJnec tcI ia- 
digc^tia copfidcratur quoad ei prxci&i 
^u^^ runcDecciTaTiAad commodam coAfciv 
TatioDcm ricse ( vcl quo^ ca cci^tn quz 
iaai nccfitaria ad rplcpdorcm^ & dcticiii 
aliefqucfinci. Si prjmumf Dutlum nocu- 
Jiicntum ilUcum criT, idcoqt ouUum com- 
ixiittctur fCccatu injnAuja: advcrfu^prar'^ 
fliTiccs> n rcIidtK, quoc fufficiunrad cosi'' 
wodam coufcrvAtiopcwi vjtat^rurripiaDLUt 
caetcrA otnoia, Si fccuaduni, Dulfum eiir 
difcriiticD uocumcGci lerpcAu magis^ U 

.liiieiut diviEis : Ceuc quod ciic pecc0a* 

_4:iumadmaiorcsd£lic3JSjmajorcmvcfplce* 
^orcmj ^ ricdcalii) fioibu(m«aicjQet ma- 

J«risctipict\ii c^&m mi&^u ^ccciico. Qu< 



1 qtioad quaDcusccm ftjf^dcntcm 

icujushbcrj ftinul^^ comple£teit- 
dircrimiaatim pliires iosirqualittt 
commiLcitur maaifcfla iutronfp* 
L, Quiacadem citdifFcrcocia ficmU 
nrcr pocenriillmum habfntcm coc 
ics antt Lios, qaot liabet milletiarios 
stditiifiniusi qu^eflinccrhuaCjflc 
:m Eotidrm ecDteuitiosj £c £c dc 
iimiliecr> Sc confcqucufcr dou le- 
in ftacum miftrum poienti(fimus 
iSi nifi pcr ablatioriicm quantit^tis 
o j auF ctiam millccuplQ maioriSf 
Lt ea (juantitas, cuiusabbcione re- 
in finnilcm Aatum mcrcatordicis- 
U ficdccGcteri£| cademque cCl r^ 
sadcm quantttitc iarpius, aut no.R 
7^fublaca»omiiifc}uc aha cjurmodi 
racjo tncommadoidmj td ous: rt* 
!]3,rdinalis de Luf^o, CTidct fcmpei: 
;r proporcionata. Ej^o tcI cft fta- 
upa dccerminacdquaDtitasprootn* 
udifcciminanm j tcJ nuila cft ad* 
da uuiformis rcgulaaliquorum ia* 
ter divirum> fcd omDino propor* 
. cujufque dividis^ incipitDdo k 
:atcrcfpjcf^tc paupcaimum ufque 
limnm omnium iu orbe terratum. 
tcm foitrcmum ncmoftdmLcattSf; 



i 



Eidem dtthca[Eas abfolute ofl^eadiTiiri 
prjcccrmino Yiciofo sfFcflu ^vaiinz' i q«i 
Ixpc crcfcici tftio magis diviris crercnai» 
^n.de rcfulcat renfus ingens parvi cttam 
nocumeati^ qtierani j^m ince advert:!^ 
fnustmUamKab^re racioacm quod ad 'jii* 
fticiam atcincc^ Ortcodicur ttiquam a- 
liunde. rrimo> qui^ m infra dicctnus ef 
xommuni IVnLu juita. primam retum di- 
"^ifioDcrn, & f>nna3c?a jura geu^iutn ae< 
.fniai licet, uc Sac ditioi aUis, ^uia pltii 
iifdcm coQtulenc in bouum pabUcum 
Tcl pcr fc ipfum^ vcl per eumj a quo pri' 
jnam tranfmiifje fuDc diTicia: ad eundcm 
cum codem ) ure, ^ ef u um aucem eft lc;;ei 
Indcmmitatis 4C rcfltcuiiouis non miuut 
favcic iu quaacicarc xqualt magi£ beoc 
mcritodcliepublica. Ncquc vcro iniqu< 
idivcs eil putsibilts, auc cud:aWiis ut iui- 
^uu^ priv^ca audoritate. 

pcindc rcqucretur commitractonem a- 
liasxqua1cm,.& jullam fictiiti^rquaEem ft 
injufV&fivcommutaacibus t»viccm dlcifli* 
inoj 3c non ica divice, Quia quoi triuv * 
ffiitccrctur iti ditiirimum,co ipfo rcddcre- 
liirfaciUuS),& cu-m miuoti u^icrciufcribi- 
lcperfutrumj^aut rapioam^ ac proiudcmt' 
ILUS £^{limabi1e, ucpoce magis expofuum 
fieacuW uai^i;iis.§L ^ cQaTcrfo* Vude 



^triol' <]am vclUt cmeic d^^crct darc mi'^ 
nus pictiiTm, 6c m^iiu^cjai noticir^c it^ di- 

gi j cft cxpiifiiu& fLirtOj & rapiux c»i:t£rt6 
paiibuSj cxpc^au tota coilcdioiicbooo- 
rum» tM^>D:c pitc;>ciu h^i^jSj $c obTiDruoi^ 
ad pluriuni maoLiS, Ergo ft fiaiul cifcr mi- 
nii& protcctus pcr kg^^s i^uoiil i^qu^lcm^ 
quaQtiracctni clTct planc dctcriorts copdi' 
ciocit^jquam minusdivcs^ atrc cifct iite£* 
quc a;qucdilc^^Li£ ILcipuldli>:a;^ 

Pra;tcrca qui inni potcntifllm!, ac di- 

. lifnmi habcoturj. ccite pofluDt habeic pr«- 
ftantifimos fiocs proximos diviciarumt. 
nc caeci patriam cempore belli ; cidem' 
iabveaice cempore famis> piopagare reii* 
gioQcm.i erigcre,.& ornaie tcmpia» &. (i- 
milia pcoportionalicer :: acque poteftas. 
proxima ad hos. htits c(i Talde xftima- 
bilis^». coofequeotcriqua&libet cjus 4imi* 

. outio poceil pertuibare animumA.&^ dif- 
felv.crc beQevolentiamjactranquiUitateini 
pacis- eodem prorfus modo^ quo «qui»> 
iis diminutio» feu dimiautio qi^oaf) aSqiUi^ 
tem partf m pote(btis. prp>im« a4i$AeAb 
minus.pr2ftaucem>, qui. efl proprius. mi- 
pus divitis, idipfum pr«ftarc po;cft, Pa- 
Ut igicm diciillmum pQirc.iatioAabiIitet^r 



J?4 fitfipfi XXXl, 

fctuniarix, & cion minijs xgzc fcrrc fim 
ibUtioticni, (^uam pofTit minus dive&i lc 
tiictimquc opum renuis tiac vidclicet» ae 
potcfiua pioporciotiAtittr pra:flaniiori a- 
cucDtcafTc^um crga Gngub&pat[cs>c|UJin* 
tom poflcr euDiicm ccpiT:iccrc fimiljna 
abundiucij. Di<n:um sutcmcA faprat&de 
fuiri mcufuum (jaintiuns fLifiicicQti£i4 
' Jcihalr» 

Dcnicjuc* qoi juflc & KoncR* acquint 

iliqutd dc tiovo » non ^ic proptcrcA dctt- 

iiorisconditionis quoaelca^quxpEiusht* 

;*%tbat. Nihil cntm pcccaTitj ncc dcmcfuit 

faTorcm !cgiil;itoris> imo mctuic iUom 

' inagis, (i quidcm ditcfccrc ncmo juftc po- 

'tcft, uirt promovcndo bonum commuDG 

~ iliqua faacptrariotie JioiieAaj ut (appolt- 

tom eft fupn ^ infti oftcndctur, licrtt 

ftutcm dctctiorisconditioDi^ CEiam quoii 

bona prias habi^a, fi co ipfo poiTct ctipi 

«liqua pats iltorumj cumminort drf^cuU 

' tat tj Sc ncrc la; dcn cis i & q u i d^in m i n ori 

fropc infinitCji quam poflet antc notioi 

* «cq^iiricionem^ TaucA nimirum diffcrcn- 

«'icnria cft pcccaDdi kchaliter dC pcccaii* 

^tdi taDtum rcniallitcf attCQta nAtum iti 

*fecnndum fc^ 



ltt9,ft€^vLtYcto mconzcmncndzttu^oti^ 
tas in concrarium j qujf inirio pT^miil^ 
eCl» Suoperir flutcii^ idoncj di(lin£tiOtQU4 
utrirqitc iirisfiic, Dicendum frimd efl 
«ndrm qiianriuccm fflTc fufficicntem,Sc 
DecciTariim ad pccc^ictim lcthiU refpecVa 
«mniam, rcu minus divitum ouUa fif^a 
fuppofitittttc volunratisj qua quis ccdac 
juii fuo, aut ptzfumttTicinii f^ni&fuadacat 
dc c^Ii votnnratCg Hncomnino evinctttit 
argamencanupcr propo^ra>u^cquidquara 
eyiiidc la conttatium rario rUa uaici d»- 
bif^ndi. Quu ditiot habft canctim )US ju£ 
comnioda ftiajora, Sc Bnt^ preftanrioccs, 6c 
ad potenriam proximam vcrorumqi qn4ii<' 
tum hibct minus divcsad minora,& mi* 
Busprarft^ntcs, eornmqu^ potcirriam p^f^ 
ximaoii ut liqucc c« did^is. Magnit'jdt> 
aiucm nocamenci prouc conlideratur h» 
ordin^ad jidliti^m pcttdec cx magnrca-^ 
^in^ juris Izfi. Atias na'mt|^ae conndcrft- 
tioncsi &. mcnfuiar no<umcnxi pcrriiK-nc 
ad charir jLcetn •. miferi cocdi a.m &. ftixuik& 
^irrucct. 

l>icendnfli tuffus cft faciriiis, attirp^ftt?- 
ffibus circumftanciis prarfumi volntiraxeffik 
^irioris, qiiam mlnu^ di vitis ced'etttcm j ««- 
if fuo quoad ^uantixatera abfclur^ "fafli<^ 
£icatcBiadlcthaUy.& cfnoactfiMi|j9f^<lt"^^'~ 



cir^rcm (^iio drvxux fueriQE majoreSr k 
quo rcs icicr.ninarse , circa qiiAS veTfatu! 
adio iQjiifta, func minvjis confercQtcsmi- 
Diirquc applicabilcs pioxim^ vtl icmoic 
aJ fiQe5prar{Untiofesfupia.d<:fciiptos, F4* 
ciiius a^imquc & plucici contcmnuiitm, 
%c ccdtiQCUt alus qua^f^tic minus nccefli- 
lia ad coQfcrviuottcni fimphcirer, vcl sd 
commodam coufcrTatioQcm iDdivi^uij 
qu&m qti£ fuac Qcccffin^ a.daho5Eocs^c- 
qucobhuQC uCqq^ iQccraliosruar jcflimi- 
bilcsdivicix * idqucefl vcfumfempcipro- 
poitioQc fcctaia intcr quofyii magiS) U 
niinus divitcs, & quoad majorcm^ miao- 
fcmqtic luecc^ratcrti fub cadem fiuiam 
tomparatioQC. Hinc cuim proficircuncur 
doQationcs faciliorcs, & pl urcsj ac mijorei 
iicioriim,aTq,ucfn:illimae plurimx,& ma- 
xima: dininmorum> fi cotn. >AccQtuc CX' 
tccis paiibusycum lis qui func mvou* di* 
Yites, Quia vcc6 Tolunias pE^fumpit 
fufficitadcicunuidLtm a pcccaco> fl£ obli- 
gatione rcn^icucndii ut iufca dtcecut ac 
trpoaecur, Fit pbne^, uc fxpc fic ncces* 
facia majar quaniitai ad pcccandiiiii le« 
■tliatircr pct iajufticiim cxcrcicim adrtc* 
fus roagis dtviccmj quam po: iujufti- 
riam matcrialitcr asqualcin cxCEcicim ZjA^ 



VroQUTn potro cfl luipican a iores Te- 

cidit, & fkcite t(l u^t evcuijic, cum eo cjuod 
fcmper, £4 « nacura rti vcrum cfl i cujtra' 
modi cQnfufionem elle F^cikxnj& muUri 
ebrcpeic notavic aliciibL PbiloLopHuS} Sc 
£requens ciptiicDiia docer* Qjj^ ytt^' 
fundaincatum Eal;s pr^furrpnonis notif 
43cur tciTkpctj Ticc UQLformitcE :ipud IvQitii.* 
ocs ctiam dicifTLmoG} ncc xquaiiccr circa 
«mniumicru.mgcncra, Sl pro onvni ttm^ 
porc ac circumllaotils> obfctvanda crutit 
diligcnccr pno ^tisi htijas conciufionis 
^U3 isfra djceaiur ic voluncatc prarrum- 
pta. AdrjtioQCm dubici^di jamnupctdi* 
^umcfl, £c ea <^u;e adduncurracisrupci^ 
^ucpaceacexdi^sq.u£tl, 1.9. 

QViESTlO XX XII. 

Vtrum ixpeccsto vffiiali iniuflitiA refuUm 
,. refojftt grnvii. ohligatio rejiitiitHdh l 

VId e t tb. niHiquawi id a<cidcrcpof- 
fc C^iaadcaDdemyircuceRipertiiicc 
BOB> Izdjci^e injuftc, & rcpaxare Is&o- 
»em inj.uftam^ & obligacio a<i> otraHn- 
que fundatui ia codem juce p^ticfliis 
io^uftuiani » ac piaiA<U mtftinc^ue o-* 



. pLts iftibcft eUctn rcgnlx ei parre ag«f)(ft 

^ fic vffDialittr pcccirrjinofa* Bc eiiis nihitt^' 
/ niiaus tion rcfar:icio £t: peccamitio^ lc^ 
> rhalittr, iit<^ue riincracur ad rcftictictt*iuflt 
: fub litchaU» t:|ui sid ift rcnetar rartoDC fo- 
. lius pccf^ci iB^uditi^ ^Mod vcuiaU caE* 
^ cam fucnc. 

R. BipHcica qii^ntuate rei erplican^ 
* |am cftquaDritascirfpjt. Qiiod pcniDccac 
-cxamcn fnltus lefttcaciopi^^ qux deberti 
: rarioDc iojuft^r acccpctODis^quateritjs Ait 
: {crc abca, qux debc c ur rari onc rri accc p c £ 
.. taineiri acccpca fueric abfquc ulla culpa 

- Vidcndum ica<|uc tf^ , qu£ii4TTi Qoccnci 

- culpaoblij^ct ad rcpacaDJum diLfnnum itx 
)ufte iiiacum>t»mec£ rcsabtat^i noncxrc 
Bcc iB fc^nec io ruoeiTcAu^autoiiafiefFc 
du» Diif^um aimirum eft qu^K. 14, ho 

.«num cfTc fpecialiccr proprium acceptio 

.:mis injuftx. 

Gcrtirm cft peccatnm ^ctbaTe efe faffi 
cicns ad obli^ationem gravcm reftitucni^ 
»ec eft minus cercum fi peccatum fic vcifi 

. le folamez parte materiap ad foUra fufl 
«crc oWigatioDcm rcftitucndi fubvcnial 
Di<fiumnamqiieeftqttaeft. if. incafutt^ 
.cumenti lojufte illati dari contraAu co« 
AtttMioftiita^cc dxlxu^ifuaiite & iJLmUW 



ad rcpataadil djrtrijUjliquidcm ciiHtia^ui 
fic vaiidu^. Ccrtu autem ^ii validitJti cdii* 
iTA^us nihLl obcllc parvit^tem micerijei 
Dcc cftmiDusccrtum JiKcitaEcm Julficicn» 
lem ad lcchalc* TiidiccTc ad valorem caa^ 
ttaila* ei gencfe fua. DilFicultas igiiut 
€^1)30 quaodo n>3rcria DocuTTTcoti cfltafc 
graTisi& tiikitomtnus peccatum noccotif^ 
cil icvcci dcfedu dcJibcrAEianis tcfLihcc 
obHgacio gravis> auc fahem IcyIs reparan- 
ii damnom. 

Dtcendumeftexcommuni nnlUminde 
ferulcareobligacionemrcClitucndi. Suadc« 
tor prim«, quja Komines vel mediocritei 
cordaci>acprudences non diffoltuncami* 
cicias» ncc percurbaneur ica,auc dtiTenfio- 
Bcm cranquilla; paci contrariam conci* 
piunt propcer ofFcafas ez dcfc^u dclibera* 
cionisTcnialesin ullamacetia. Ecquidem 
lBerico> quia in adtibusTeoialibus cx dc* 
Cedtt delibeffatienis pratTalet is defe£Vusei>. 
q^^d in caH a£^u adeft dclibcratioaisi 
praBTalcc veri qua(i infinitccumdemor- 
uUfaciaCTcniatcideoqocpcfinde potin^ 
«ftimaacuratquefi nihil prorfus deHbera # 
tionis, nullaque cutpa iDterccfTifl^cr ; Ac 
damnum compuratur perindc* acque (l 
fuiirc( omniM fouuicujisi 



4^0 SL*'/'* XXXI r, 

i^tif^nc inCu^cicn^ Aci Icchalc f. eft ttum 
iDfutHcLens ^4 valoicm contraautim u 
CQmfnunu £c rccepca :(u£torum Ccnceniti^ 
ObligaciQ amem rcflKuendi provcnirci 
concraflu commHtatronis UC cli^iim t^^ 
Ergo dcliberanoliiirtidicicn*^ ad lcthale, 
coipro xi^ iofufHcicii&ad jodLiccDdamali^ 
qu^m oblig^ctonccn leflirueadi» CoDJie- 
maniiquiapcccacum inju^ii;ix,c(l Ictha- 
lcci gcQcrcIuo, utconftat eirfitp* 17, Er- 
godcfcftuideUbcraiionis aufercns cx fua 
f4tio{ic formaHicf aiflioni injuds hoC] 
<|nod ipTi eftcircnrialc ex geaerc fuo^ Cufi< 
cicc noD minuSj quiu ^ mulio magis ad 
aufcrendam proptieracem iilam a^ionil 
injuflxjUC relinquacpoft fcAouK reparao* 
Ai nocumcDcami fi quidem haBcpropnc- 
las efl fepacabilis»^ ab illa aliit. echim ii 
cauiis, utiofra dicecur*. 

Accedic fore ^nsqualem eoDdicioaen 
laedencis^&lacii, & cxoocameiito itodA' 
tis deliberaco refalcarec obligacio aliqoi 
seilicuendi« Qnia <|ui l^^c cenerecac «i 
fiiftioendum ciun deliberacioDe pcrfisidi 
nocumeocum maceriAliccr. aeqiiale nt>ai« 
nenco alcerius noa faciS' deliberato i ic «t 
4eled]bacionem vix perccpcam ceDcreciUDd 
ihftiacadtttniolocciD^ ^J^aiis^jiIcquitDi 



adpeifcdam dchberationem j^iftursej hac 
clladdoiprcm noti modoimilro majomm 
iicleftaiioDC inTra eandem rpccicm j fcd 
etiamgencrc divcrriim, Qus inafqtialita^ 
cft contra rarioncm J t^lHtia; & inducit nnU 
litatcm. contradVus, 

DiiiicutratcfaccflicadTcrfushafC, <|U6(1 
tx parvis larfionibus plcne dcliberatis^, $c 
faepe rcpccitis rcfuharc potc^ oMi^ario 
gravls reltifoendi ^ve uaus uni^ five unus 
pturibus, ^TC plurcs uni nocucrinr ; idqut 
ctiamfi , quod iieri potcfi , torum isocil- 
mcntumiiUtum fucrit nuUo,inrcrvcnicD«' 
tcpcccaro lcchali, vcl obignoratitiam in- 
iriacibilcm cxtflentcm in unoquoquclar- 
dcntc dc rat^onibus cxrcronrmj veTob de- 
fci^um coopcraciooisrcrpedlu c^tcrorumy' 
Ycl ob inadvcrreciciam aclualcm priorum 
^x&oanmtdvkm eommicccreaturpbflcrib- 
fcs. Alias caim paffct acciderc, ut iofct- 
ictarproximo cum pcrfe^a dcHberarioi^e 
kigens Bocunaencum centum t« gr. mfl- 
liam a.aseof um > iimiliter^e in hoDote- 

. U f*!at« abfque vt\\'& otiere refticu€nd| ;. 
^udd BOQ eft dtce»dum , nt^Mc ullus 
«nquam aufus eft ^iiccrc inr omnibiis 
irniverfira propofitis cafibus. Quod aii- 

. trna peccatum Ixdentis fit vcnial€>. Vel 
CK. dcfeftii^ dclibcxatioais^ y-cl cz def^- 




ciaBi» pcrindequoqucfehabeaoi 
'ii>orii«eadlcficatem vel grai 
Jigacioois refticueodi > cum 

prorfaiobligacjo reparandi da 
j,lati y &AoniiifereQdi damoaB 
, Titas peccaci injufticia: pcbTCDi 

iftttdcliberaciontsnonexcufac 1 
,per.9 acncffflari^ abobligacic 
^ikicaendi. 

. Pio diflolyenda ifta difficii 
, omnibuseza^^dezpoaeodisac 
, di&i qu|? taoguntur ifi ipfa zf 
i.impcimiseii ab.omnibas magi 
^ipea quoad concicandamiran 
« dandam mucuam pacem incc 
^.i»}u(lici« levc cx dcfeiSbu dci 
. 4cidquodle?cquidcmeftyfe4 



Di€l:umauLemeitlupiat^ua.ftp 17* iniufti- 
[i^m j & obli^dtioDcm rcf^iinrndi men(a* 
faudAm cilc cx ti coccjiandiium , & per- 
Turbaadi p4c<;(n j linon tiac rcdHuno , anc 
E^tiniuria. ^JulJa igicurc^confcqucnTist 
ratjo jn djfhruUare modca prDpetita ^ idf 
^uc facile conjiccre quirque pottll a pfioii 
cifuadamcDEJs priuspolitts. . , 

l Cooiiderjndadeitidc fmic fingulafcor- 
£rr],qti£atItTmui^rurin antcccdcnrc.Con* 
tlncacepim diJificuhaccsdivctLaSj nec pca< 
d.cncesabeadcmpeaicus ratipMc. Primunn 
itaque, fi uaus uci pcr mioucas Iznones 
faBpprepetitas & moraliceryunixasiDfcrac 
giaye dem«m Qocumeocum » &.a4moduim 
fltgr^fcrcnduma patieate tenecurfub Ifr 
thali ad refticuendHm tametfi non pecca"- 
Y.crtt lcthalitcr. Tenecur vcio cx concra- 
^ufimplicicerinvoiuntariosadlttaliccrhic 
lic Dunc: validp camcn pcr mutuum ab- 
folucum Isedentis, & la^fi copfeafum c« 
fupp^ficioneejufiriodi UeiiQnum c^m plo 
nacirca (ingulas deliberationc. Qui e;3iai 
fic IjBdit^babcc, quctieslaedir» ▼oluni^ 
cem fupcraddcndi omni fuas anterioci 
obligationi crga pacicntcm eamjquae coo<» 
furgitcx Dovalxfionc, Vadccumacccdic 
ad aovam laefionem , qua ulcimo complc- 
tm gcaTicas aocumcaci, %i (^uajpromd^ 



4o4 §fiifih XXXTf, 

grivitet pcccarcij ii mcnvniiret a £1:11^0 td' 
iKfionufrt aDtecedcrjtium,bibi?r voltinta- 
tcm fupcTa4ilcTi<ii iibi obli£riciorTCtti iiltM 
GTT\ncft obligactoncs prarccdeates, eaquc 
illis fapcraJdKa imponii fibi bbligatio^ 
ncm j^raTCffi rcftitucndu Ncmpc impo- 
^itt>bligic]ontni rcparnndi nocumcataoi 
gravcconccpramj Sc acceptatnm cum pcr» 
fe^a dcUberationcj Sc q latitnm fert ma.- 
tcria conrra<rtus. 

Explicaturhocj Bt coti irmatiTTexcmpl* 
parvarumpromiflionam^ Q^ia fi qnis f^- 
fhi% ptomittat JuHum alio acqy alio tcm* 
|rore^ 5: cum divcrfa occaflonc, ar(|ue mo- 
^ivo promittcndi immcmot priorum jiro- 
mi^ouum^ dum facit pofteriores pfomis- 
fiocicrsi tecTcttir proculdudio fublcthali ad 
adimplctioacm ilfarumj cum ▼entum fuc- 
rit ad ma^nam fumam pecuni^ promi^^t 
Q^od noDaliaprofc<5lodccaufavcrumcft"j 
iquam quia quotfes prormitrir dc novoi 
^ulc nov^m fibi oblii^acioncm adjicere cr- 
^apromtfT^riuuItiatxmnemobngatToneni^ 
«otcccdcntcm/ Si coim non habtrct ▼O'* 
l\i & ta te m a d j i ci en d i D o v am obl i gario netn^, 
fed, folamrenovatidi obligarioncm ptjcce- 
denfcin, pofl «jiiamlibec novarum promis- 
fionutn mnlncudinem, dc^ercc folum iU 
Ittis Jtttiumi ^4^ ^Wk & abH^atis frit' 



tiD£;it tn prxlcDci, CoDfticiE tiitHHum fu^ 
pcuus d^ii ejurniQ^i conimfluni» ultta 
CLUoq 13 c accc p ca r um i a o m ai a€l u t nj lifli* 
ti£i lc patcc eum c{]e TAlidum qu^&do 
Adcd pcifc^ta dclibcr^rio. Feccacum iu- 
«jucTciitilciiijuflitij:, timcrolmii inducic 
obiigaiioDcmgravcmrc^itueuciijCuin in* 
cludic iD fc concia^um VAUdumteddcDdi 
^uautic^teiTi uotabilcm, fca fuEEcicDCcm 
quautum cll dc lc ad pcccaium lethale^ 
Ucidciiihildcduclcurpro fimiliobligatio- 
cCj ti c D tta^tu c^otcn to i a pccca co, (j uu i 
cfl vcuiak ob «iefc^um dcliberitioQis. 
Quia hic def&flus impcdit valorcm coa* 
trjftus, qiioid ultiruum cjuscomplcmeu- 
cumj quodadjicit >- oluutds iujuRi noceu* 
di. Pro iticcUigcGtia poira hujuriiiodi 
contrai^uSj£ju^uciDcvirabt)itatcquoad 
oinncs«& iinguhspartcsfcrpedulxdcntts 
iaiu£lc» oblervanda fuut diligcaccff qux 
di^a funtiD illaquxfl. if. 

Eadcm fciciaiion c concrahii obUgauo* 
4[iem gravjem^rcilicueodi, qai perlcves iio- 
g^lprum civimn larfioocjsfpolifttcoBixnu^ 
oicarem quaAcicate nocabiH> ea. g. qui 
Teodeodo vioum aut criticum auferc fio« 
^uli^emeocibiusexmenfuraziUmacioaem 
oboli» acjiK itiii^C: coogeiic ccijgjiauL ^^^ 



4^i £«iAJfi> XXXIT. 

ccncutn fcuti ultra juLtLim prctiaAn i ml 
camponii: libcllum InfamaDcem lcvitci 
liagulos commuDimJSt fcdeogcneic ia* 
famix , <|ua (erpccccper itnguloi sibfcfue 
ulU eiccpcionc , commutiitis rcddaiur 
tioc4liter coorcmpribilJs, auc minusa^fli- 
jnabili&quamcfrcTaaTcai aut fimit& %^*^^ 
pecpetTaciti Dcgotio L^aluciS} ti inquatii 
CODtiahunt obligationcm giaTem reiH- 
tuen^ij tamccii quod dil^icillimum eflt 
utAccidac Dccab ifliiio cooceperint prn- 
pofitum infereodieomada aocumcnriini 
BatabilccommunitiTii Decfue dum cxe- 
quotutpof^crjoresli^^oiies JcveSf quibtis 
Hocumcntum c^mpleturin tatioDC i^ravis 
ic Dotabilis; memioetinc priorum Ixfio- 
Dum j uec de lUis dubitavcriar » ideo* 

Jue nuBC|uam lechaliter peccaTeiiQri 
ummodo io fingvlis liefibnibas aiiter* 
ga fingulo« peccaYcriot ▼CDialirer caoi 
pleoa dcliberarione. Probacur eademt^* 
ciooc.quacadhibicaeilpro cvencaprarce* 
deoti. Nam qui Ixduot hoc pado i ha'brcoc 
quocieslarduot voluncacem ftiperaddeodi 
Aovam' obligationem omni foit ance« 
siori obhgationi erga commanicatein» 
ideoquecum poftrcmo peccanct confen* 
ciuntobligacionicirca fiateriam graTcmjr 



ipaieoipioobhgacioiiisfub letliati j ac* 
uehaecobligatio concrahicur Yalide» Sc 
:cepra;ur , nt Iiquet ex cadcm qu3:it. i r. 

Mimmicaquenon eft , ti cti^im in hoo 
oftcrioricvcinocoulurgat obli^itto gta- 
[sreJHrucRdECi folo ptccato vcntali plc* 
eciclibcraro i raaicifi tahs oblj^atio £e~ 
iharcnon po^tcx ulLo pcccaro , quodcfl 
tQLalc ex defi:€Vii t di^libcr^tionis , quao- 
Dquidem illud peccatnm couTiuct id fe 
5Dtr.a(Elmn validutn lic tc gtavi i jltu<l . 
zih iDvaHdum ^ Appaict igirur ciatd 
uaoturn interiit quo ad t^^os duos ca* 
is tnret vcrrrahiaren injuftinas provc- 
iccicfTi cr folo dcf^;<ftu dclibcrationisluf- 
cicntisadlethale, & vcDialitatenialiaa* 
eprovenicDCem i & 4|uxoa.m f\t ratio 4i« 
irimioisapriori inccr urruDquehoeexcre* 
lumquoadobligaciaoemrefViruendi i uee 
eriodicie kabere quoad iftam io genere» 
uaecumque perind^* fe habeoc quoadil*- 
tmiogcncrcf 

Obfervandumftutem eil ctrca iftum pd» 
eiiorem eveQtum «niuc lcv4ter lafdentli' 
n|;ti]oscomflAuoicatis j 6i -iiod^ graviter 
p»(amcommuDicatem , qunncitatem oo*^ 
umcncidebcrecne mutto majorcmquatn 

• UDUS uoi Doceret. Quia uc plurimum 
c per fe plu« a£«iMiicu£ b^mkktv ^^^ 



4-ot fiu^^ii^ XXXIL 

pxopria, qaam ergi^onimuDia, & 
pcnuibaatur ^c movcniui: ad iram 
mcuco zquili propria, quai» corr 
litis- Qlupropccc quantius DO£( 
illari cammUDicALi mado dido fa 
3^ iudacaa^^im obHj^itioDcm graT 
ititueuiiif oponcbit} ut fU tantaj 
fufHcitjad commovcndum Sc cxcit 
tantuudem ad ir^m communitaci 
iiuj^ulos iu liia cootcntos ptauc coi 
iu lUajquanttim unufquifqQc coiu 
cAitj ic cxciracur qtiauciiatc uoc 
piopiii»& parcicLilaii5,quam' fupei 
^umcfiruBiccic ad pcccatuim \ti\ 
fpedu cujufquc fcorfim furrvpti* C 
ii quorum finguli kvircr la:duiitui 
focietacis colligacione fuot fpeciali 
\iccm coDJun^i, fed ica afFedi ; at 
d^oloris & ira; fcnfus, aut vix uUtis 
£ngulos de nocumento cascerocum . 
Documentum tale ^t* ut ind^oi 
tccaliudrurfusnocumcncumgrave 
fus perfonam dccecminacamy vcl a 
alios fociecace civili fpecialicer c 
^osi.nulla.auc vix uUa quancitas 
inde coafurgen& fufficir ad pcccai 
thale» auc.nd gFavem obligacioDci! 
tuendi. Quia eo ipfo ceUac racio 
ijDJaftiiiaB (ufiok. cL^VvAv^ts.D« * 



fahti. 17 . Vodc fto hbc t^mA^^iffro - 

[jaoiii venit opinio uoiTcrfaliter afferii 
>b Argclti Mcdinaj 6c NayaTT3> atque 
imiTCfUlitcr rcprobai* taii<|tiam impEo* 
tiaWJlisicttcriscum Lugo Jifp/ie, fc^, f* 
num. 4S. cam ramca nc<^uc hibc ccGfa-j 
Eam mfrcacuE: pro i-fto poftrcmo cvcniu,' 
uec ilijm approbacioDcm ni^ pTOCodem» 
Vctum t^les eventus pcouc hk propofitfls 
cft Tidticri moraliccr impoilibiiis. Ccrtd 
ctcfnpla obomiDationis dJYjnat adTcrfn^ 
lEedceitcs pcr patvas IrfloQcs adhibcci- 
tur provcrh, n* $c DeuTcr. if. foluna 
iti ftaccra dolofa & poQdcTibus divetfi^ 
^uorum u(os complcdittjr » iic pafcc 
ctiam dirtiftc concivcs IjsdcmtUj Ycl fal* 
tcm tds, ^Ih inter fe talcs funt. Vidca- 
tur Ggrdinalis com iftiufmedi obfcrva-^ 
ti<>D<c ac difliDdioDC. 
-ItltimuscvcntusindicatusindifBcuIta^ 
t^)decujuscxpofitioneagitur,depIuribus 
cdcentibus uni feu perfohr^fi^u commtt* 
jrilati dupliciter contingcrepoteft. Prima 
ita nt oiniies eommuni coBfilio inferant 
nocumentum magnum juTantibusfingu* 
lisreliqu^S) impeiientibus confilio,'nutUj| 
am cxcmplo>Tel teddehtiVns feu abfolute» 
fkvL maris in impedibiles cofdem i con* 
€V^(% kjn«lttiico ad noctSki^xia \«:i^txV 



#i#. fy*/« XXXII; 

^tiguHciigiium uocumcDCum pctrcipfol 
i^iuicdiicc cxcquantur. EimcicofnDes^ 
£n^t>lt lciliahicrpeccaDt tCQCEituri^^adrt- 
^p\]-acidum totunndamDUin in licfcft^ c:;^- 
TCiorum. QuiA tunc liJQgulLruDEcatifd to- 
tiu s damiLi lotalititc eiTc<^uSj Licct fion td* 
faUtAtccdufx. Vadcc:i hoc modalacdcadt 
«uMacf^diflicuk^s pto ic prxfcnti« re^iivt 
cftu) Ja^pparcuiia pan latis pte^aiti mdclU 
b^iatiouis. Ficti fccutido pot4:ll ur nuUat 
icQrtim,H5c (ccuDdum fclcvitcr DoccDciuin 
habcit uotitiam timilium ljeiiotiura,quaf 
cacECiiciequilcurjVclica.regcr^it unufquis* 
^UtftCamctii hibcat cam Dotitiam^utniiUo 
ex di^i^modOfVclctram ali(|UQalio n|Eii 
T,ilenri cxEcris coepeiccuf fotmalitcri icA 
tantum pure iiiaceriaiiteF« &rpierJCOid:ca[«i; 
u( (i aliqua multitu<l:ii\e iQiqtitdcrftftiiiMr 
>incamCaii,aliquisalius(ttrerul- obolvoi^ 
in domo e)u£ici«m->-vcl raccmfuii cx.alia^* 
) ufdem vinea> Ec fi <}aidem l^oc mo4o ^o^ 
cy coeric, noo cene^^ut fub lethali ai4. t^iri 
tjutioocm, qui fi,c cxccucu« cft piir^d|ii|-l4p^ 
iipEiem« Q^a^ €^ commiu^ipt V«^9fia||Bi 
fi^pceocia qu^fD:,^c^jt :Cat4i!Pal<^4e L,i|^^ 
go, &.moltiplicicerrua<iee abinc^mmo<ij|| 
oppoiicae opioiom&; quafnc^mea tta^oiMl: 
n^a. pauci , ncLC- igHo^U^. z\^oic$ af iMb 



^Xatio k prioti qLXoad utramque parccm 
ujas EcrolationU reddens dilcrinnen hi' 
eniaprJGriinteriHascll. Quja unaf^uifif 
uc injiiflc IxdeDSalccriimconiodo fdcl- 
;icar ciim ilio dc icparando damaoi quo 
lododAmQuin ififcrti uc coLligicur extv* 
ccuatacjuril. if . ucpotccx<]u:ilijecoin* 
ii peod^De. Igitur (^ui damDum iar<it 
aita cum tcli^uis noccatjbus Ibcicratc 
ociv4,ef> ipfo c^tirciuit commuQi obli* 
acioni ad tcparandum cocam damnum 4 
; (imul cum cxrcris illarum. Voluocas 
aim fefe invicero juvandi, indivirim c(t 
oluntasfcre invicem implicandi obligi» 
on^ceparandi cocum nocumentum, per* 
idcomnin6>ac(|uc{iomnes&nngulino* 
rQtes.diccrciic patienci; nos cibi tocum 
iuA Bocumencum reparabimus ; acquc 
ifiens^confcntirec in tocum nocumcn* 
^m> fub ca conditione» auc cerce abfque 
[oconreora innocumentumiuci rempec 
cidic rcrpc^u injuftc nocencium, acce- 
^rccpromiflionem reparacionis* Ac qui 
»«cc> qaatida alii o«ccbCi aac poftquani 
J toocucrc, fctt ad Boccndam laot parati 
illa Cttm illis iBita fociecace» nullaque 
fta convencionc nociva cum iifdcm,aultf 
ECBUS confcncic obligationi rcparandi 
cum damBOm, Quia aulluoL ccU^vkt. 




pacxiccretur «e loio oDOio,Yel« 
confcius, AteDOB coQfciaf» pa^ 
inici. Pacccij»iturcxnea(rdm^ 
^i peccaDiio Tcnialiter cum pl 
racionc quidquam inferri polT 
obli^acioni gravi ez peccato 
ilefc^um dcliberacionis,atqae 
poilegravem obligationem red 
pcccaro veniali iDJuflitiai fi l 
contincacconfenfum, vel fmpl 
cxpHcicum in caiem«bligacio4i 
^ Supercft tamen adbuc alia 
cbdem pcicineos , Si cgens ct 
peculiatis. Vi^ccur nimirom 
obligacioDcm non folum leven 
<rra^m rcfticaeodi ex culpa ie 
ieviftina,i<i()tteoon vi concta^) 



'wmtfngintthus ^milijfe. Q^x profe£lo cft 
diligcntia oppofiia culpsc lciriirKnx. Cut- 
pa aurcm levis>& lcviftima nonrutficiiinr 
ud pcccattim leLJKalcr Ergoabfque pecca* 
to lctUali, dacur grivis oljns^atio iciticatiiJ 
^ii ncque Id omntfxcnr^K ab hic oblig»' 
tionci (^u&d cicQljr tbeo pcccato,rameTft 
c£ ciicumtlaarif ndn inrerTcnerint^quAr 
tfi fupcriori difcurfti pondcrarx func pro 
confcaiii gravices obtigari ia obligatio* 
sem grayem. 

P(o iacelligeaciahujuscextttsezpoDcn* 
ix iaprimis fuac calpa lata, lcvis, Sc le- 
Tiflima, Colpa laracommuntter definituc 
omiflio eju$ diligcntiafj&circumfpcdio*' 
Bis^qaampletamq» homioesejufdcm coai" 
^itienis adhibere folent, ut (t Uber como* 
datusforis ante odium relinqttatur. CaU 
pa Ijcyiscflomifno rjus diligeotiaf & cii- 
cumfpe^ionis', quam diligcnnores iUiu» 
arcis Jc profciTionis adhibcre folent^ ided 
quaits plerumque non aohibficur. Le- 
Tiflima vero culpa cft omifliiacjus dili- 
gentiae» qiia.m non ni& 4iligeatifl[tmt, Mc 
prudcncilifimt adhibcri folent ; ideft qualis 
tton.adhibctur nifi admodumraro. Potefl 
hoc ipfum paulo aliter cxponi in hunc 
modum. Culpa lata eft omifiio cjus di* 
hjgca tiaf>adquaniomiflio acm ^Wwovc^^v 



XH §lU£j!h XXXIl 

ftc fcre fempcr confcquMur damtjunij fea 
intcritu^ iti : nccpiudcotcr rpersri poicft 
-confccururum uontfflc, Culf*a UtjscAo* 
undioja^i (jiiam ncn ita frrqucntcr confe- 
f^uicur danvneim > icu inrcriru^ ici , arquff 
]&rudcDicr rpciiiri porcftj licct cumalrquo 
tiinore cauJccutuium DOB^fle, LcvilHmi 
culpa tflomiffiOjaciquaini:a.riirLmefoare- 
quitur d^itnnuj fcu mtciitus^ nec pru^ca- 
rcrtimeri potettcotirccuturumcfle^VeruiB 
flatidunipoiiusc/lj prictibTiscxpofitioni- 
busacTocibus ; c\i\ac vidchcct fLibiiircJIi- 
gvinti>r apud omues &uflorc5,iium lacmi- 
HAot triplcx iAud cu!p2^ geniis. 

ObfctTacdu deindce(!, ciim CirdiB4li< 
dc LugOjcandcm omt^Ioncm, quK iet una 
*ucena,&refpc£luuoiuiptifon«' oMigl* 
tx ad dnigenti^m adhibcnd^m eft culpi 
tcvifiiuteciann lcviflimftju aHaS£ tefpedit 
&hciiuscfleUtam > ncccafdcmomtilioDcs 
pro omriibus rcbus, & perlonis pmineie 
ftd euni*m CUlp^egradumacEtnu?. Q_uia 
f rudcntes, & piudcnti^mi nomincs pro 
divcrf tatcrerumj & itatu^ fui dtverlsTii di* 
li^cuiijm,^: circuinrpefltnpcm adhibcffi 
fijlent. Ncccnimeadcm diligcniia cuilo- 
^iufttur^ prudcutibus gcmtr^^, & globuli 
^ktreijfed cmifHodiiigentLa: quK pro CU' 
fiodii viuv %^tx \vos v^K\%^ ^to €uil»<tia 



l 



I 



•«od** Ec(|uJiJem pro cuipa Thcologica,, 
1 ^I^ toto inicriori «ibttrvaotiuna omttnio clt 
I iihid rcrum , & pwfooarucn dilVnrt^tn» 
,. ConftatcDim noa tevirerpccc;ituruin elfr 
. qui i39Q adhibcrct mijorciri circufnrpc.^ 

ficittum otcideodi homin«it ^ <|V>^ M"'^ 
€\\ ffi ci t nc p^ccec, q ii j q ^fo a d f ft pcf j r n \ ti fw 
nccidcndf caacm ^ ^m ^tfuum alKtium, 
PiaculpaigittttTlieeloi^ica gfav}»aut li> 
^i poruieira»dae(ibnriiccenariu coBdiuoocfi^ 
^rrb Dtram , & renil«.- ^ 

At Jatiftas pro oul^a juridica, & ^ot0< 
«xfemo' ffOB obfervtac afque idco idas» 
dilFereotias , fed eandem omidlionem, di^ 
cuoc cuIpajT) fcu latam^ieu lVvrm,('cu le^-' 
viliimam circa ^uamlibct rcm, & rclatradi 
|»crfoflas cuiuslibct promifcui^ coDditio» 
«is. Vndc diccre folcDt eommodatafium 
€x. g. Q. concra^us ccdariD ftommbdum 
dofniDi tcocri ad rcftitaciotieitii folumcx 
culpalaca> fi in commodum fbrios cem^ 
modttarii tcoeri crisTO cx culpa ieviiRma j 
% in commodtim utriufque commo4antis 
fcilicct, & commodarajfii tcncri cr cuipa 
lata, &: levi ; ooo vfro cx culpa lcvifrifna^ 
Sc fic dc {im»l»biis juxta lcgum civilium 
dtfpodciooem pro Fore cxcctao, 

S4 ^*V?.^\JL»* 



Dicendiimjjnt cilaJ difficntrafem ^t^ 
paficatn, Ubi omifEo diligCQci« vacAt cul' 
pi LcThilif tdco^u^ »aa dicur ciilpa. liu 
refpcdxra ; hoc cft rpe£t«t*r m&: pettoBX 
/^ondicisDC i nnomi^m d^rur obUgad* 
^ravis rcIliciiCDdi, tiiij farc^ ob FcpetttuA 
^Epc pcccAtum vcai^le plt^Q^ dcUbciitum 
JtiitA diifla circi diCTjcglt&tcm prxcedea- 
tcm^ aut abcoQti:a£tum validam qao wtilt 
jmpticue Tcl cipliciic fc obligavfrit tpc* 
^iilitecad prediftdaiTi fttitimam dilrgca* 
ciami ic ad reparandu m daruQUd] cx culpa 
«ciam lcTtflimt fccutum Quje dua; cjrct- 
l^tifiaes. ib omnibus admitEUiiriir, ^not 
jquidem de pccca^to tchuH fxpc rcpccit» 
Ab C4 ({112 fupc[iu£ didi fubt^ckci fr£* 
^f^am antcrittictiL dtfTLculntcm. Fotle- 
lior Tcro dc contci^Vu fpfitiaU, ^tiu pc£ 
concradmn fpceiaiem potcllquiire obli" 
^arc Tjtiiiici fio^t libctj id reparaudiicii 
4amnum ectam pucc foiEuirum» dc ctc* 
tiicDsabrque utla pioifusculpaf fcuThfO'- 
loj^ica, fcu lcgali, 

Hts i^Jdtr practernitfi^ruflcliHiraSttm* 
ptum. Quii omais obligirio ttAicueudl 
ducit oiiginem ab hotniuum mucua intcr 
feconveocionc uuiTcrfali, uc ixfi <ijdlym 
«RcxdoifltiDa i^uzH. if, coD&rmaiida nU 
Hriuiiafi^ liaiittccm ««a^atnittiit»- 




3e dUg^P: mvenisli, 417 

innc* in hoc uaiverraliret cotivcnircnr, ut 

cr uni^o peccito vctiiali TcfultarcE gritis 

otjligatiocefticacndi. Q^tapeccatum vc* 

uialccft dc ^cQcre malorum mcjralitcr ia- 

«vitaUilium, & quilibct faciUimc iacidic 

-fpecialitet la iUuflj cjutji Iq omitlioncdi'- 

^ligetitL^c coufiflir. D]lige[iciaaairit]i con* 

rr^tia rccjuinc atteticiflmiam plurioururti 

.circumflaniiaiam obfciTactonem, & ^ix^ 

. cautioncn), Rclljtutio i coQTcrfOj qux 

t^L miccria obligationis gravit^ ed opui. 

difHcilc ac ardaum^^ cujus gtavamcu ple- 

^ lofquc homiais miic vfxac, Noa potcft 

auccm omnibii£ haminibus.univjcrralircrj. 

ac uaiformicci: pla«cre> uc flr &cilc , ac 

pctn? inevitabilc inciicrc iiiL obUf^atfp- 

Dcm uf^tie adcQ grarauEein 1 Sc cui di$- 

cillime fatisftat i maiime cum tx ejuf- 

ftiodt obligatione uniVerfali proveQCurftL 

miDimc forcc UQicruiquc Ipcs indcmaii^ 

tatis iTx boQis fui^t ^uali» petlculo ma* 

gQi gravamiQts i q^jiudo^uidem politai 

ciiam cjtifmadi obligatioac adbuc. pcc* 

^ cacum TCRialc negljgcntise forct ticaim 

_4i&ciici>. & ref^irurio iti^cn. diflgcilin 

^QuoittS auxem quifqac t(i^ qui >eji£: 

. jpcin conjqnftam cum pencitfo. valitt 

jpi«poDdwaocJiCD;injcutalittS igitur fuiCi 

U. coiivfliicfttitfSj ucGcriaes iii- cam v^-. 



44T £?*//# ^XVIt 

lnntatem cenvcoircnT, qua repntarenri 
tanquam mAlvimpurc formitumj cjug^ ei 
.Tc»iali omiflioncj diligcntiac procefTiircE 

' ticDtLm cfTc iu tolet.ADdu ^Amna proprlo 
' idTeDictJtc Eitrinfei u4 pcr lcvcin aheiius 

* icjuriariJ, qrtam dMigcncf cffc ifi icpaiat-^ 
^o d^ri^noalici^oeicboaispropriis, 

^ Qpjproptcr in capitc iUouhirro iJcia- 
jurlis nomiue impriina!, & tirgligcDti* 
iDtcin^itiir pccCiitum kthale, ut aAcruot 

^;l.ciT]uSi & alii/ Nec Domiac coDringes- 
tiumiardliritm iDdJfaiminatimquidvis 

* ttbfolutc poilibilc cvcuirf , fcd quoil fre- 
*'4)ueDr.er cootingitt Id t\\iod ultra datata 

'lationcmuuiTcifalfmj hocfpccialitcrpei- 
fuader^ quod fuEr^nt ihidcm P«&tiftx ; 
Sarf ilebMij^i §h f&rita tm iniurmm 'Uirifi* 

* militsr fpfje c&nttjti^rt, Nec jnieori cum 
fundamcnto fubiutclligiEwrculf a Uchalil 

^ in Cm. CmfHlttjJ}ii.qMxii, 4t ubi agirux 

' dt homicidio pareticufn collocantium fei 

cum in lcdo fiUoi tcDcUos, UEide eo< 

cum fuffoiratioj ic oppreflio ficile c«Q« 

Teqtiatur, Jam lcgcs cirilcs prxcipien' 

' ;ffes in DOnnriUIs cafthus reparacioncM 

'''damni fccuti cr ctjlpa levi , aut eti^m 

♦IcTJflima, vel funt accipicndat , ur vult 

'''£a£^iaftUf 4e Lug;o« 4g cutfa abfolaco 




' 4|i]idew levt^ auc lcf iffima^ t^^d i^ur rcfpe- 
f' Aiv!^ firrulpaiara, & coincidac ciim pcc- 
' ciio lctKilij vel pociusdi£cndum til cuiil 
' ScacOiLefTiOi & aliis ca^ le^^s nnn oali^arc 

Iio coQraenriaaace judicis (cnfcnciam, id* 
qiTccaderirtferer3cioDe>^ua idcia la (imiVi 
I Jidumrft^tiarft, 16. *] 

Adi^! ficn nDn |ro(teiiiromiflio dnigetii 
^la;in rc^ravi, 8C cipaci quantum cfV dc fi ^ 
j^ra^^is f)bli|^atioBJ&i fit vcnjalircr rantum , 
pc:cc;isniQu(a; Difi cx defe£tu dcIibcrAtio*^ 
frisfuScicntis quanrum crtdcfcad lctha- 
It. Si cdim fiim ci«Bter adTcrtas^jt tua di* 
ligcnci« omiffiond g;rarc Qdcafii^tlimiAi^ 
fniBerppfo)imQ> tcquc tc«cri;«JL^aip diii-i 
geathi^ 'pcctaS ur^ae JleHiiditfer-cim o<"f- 
mTtteod». Abfurdam Damq^ut-cft diccre t^ > 
Mt^i^diii lctitcf oflRsiidcre proxiiftUfftW iiii- - 
ligeBtic,ad quam illchibebac i\is,Qminib» 
fscpcTfc<f^<^dc3ibcra:ii qua;tpfi creat ja^d^u-^ 
janr ccntum milUum aureorum , aat fe£;ni,\ 
5i autcm dc€t dchbetatis fufEcica^ cr fer 
fid Utkilc^cfl ille ipfccafrjs de^iioab »nt«'< 
rio tfjfpucaciJr,idco<]uc lulla in iuiftoTiia-* 
ti1»ii[ propojftifi addvicitutdifficLilFJ^ fpc^- 
icialii, Cooclu&iimr igicur poRrcmouLJ»-' 
qaam ct peccaEo vcaulj injtiftinanti^fuW 
tarepoljc obligacioocm gravrmrcUituen- 
4U9,i&^du$n\io pe^caturcoafcQtiar cuiu v 



'4te t?*jf'* XXXHX I 

pleqa deli'>critionc iii obligatioacm t^ri- 
vcm i pofTcvera C\ iti illatn it^eonrciHlac 
modpraperius ciplicaco. 

Vad.cpacct xd facionemdubiraticli qvti^ 
liccc obligatio noa Docenii, Sl obligado 
rrp^randi da.mriLtTii fpc^enc ad c^odem 
ifinEicem^& pcndcioc cxcodcmiurci po* 
tcll tamcn f Ariaci obli^atio C2 Toluncare 
BoccQcii impoacans uji» oblig^cioncm 
innpoflerum m::joTcm c am fic ilU j ad 
qaam idvcrcir cx:plLcice^ cum commiccic 
p«ccAtumia)tifticixracq'^e viriata rup|<o# 
ilriotiCi Tittacur opu& perdacju a4 juiU>^ 
tumj&LCxai5kum «juic. 

^OtSTIO XXXIIL 

tum j^kUitim fuetjtt l 

VI D 1 T T Jt ncc femper id effc tieecfrei 
Qcc r^mpcc fufficccc r qtiia fieri po* 
ccfl. ut tcmpore iatcrmcdio pofl ia* 
jjutiam iliacam^ J(c Anccquim fiat rcHica^ 
tio , m u c ec Lic forr^n a ] 7 ^, auc 1 jc dcncls^ aut' 
utriufiiuci jQcmpc ut qui tiific eraiiliTCf« 
podea fic piuper, luc c cotittai Atquc « 
ojroTiscapitcrixbfeaiiLtui iAxaualisobli'' 



1- Qv^l^^fit injiiiUuhra rcflitutioflcm 
tci 2h\£ix ccaccur pt^terca repoiacre c|aan - 
rum ru^cicidfcdanfium dolorem paticn- 
ris pravcQicntcm e3( injuria Qhracumqul 
coufurrTic ci rc amirt':!, Q_jjja ad id CQguuc 
ludices ptf fcnreotiam. QuoJ tfTeE inU 

?[tium, Gcaobligatiorupciogandi non rc- 
dlrarciciformjli l:Eclentis injuftida, Ne>- 
certc igicur eflj uc iafuHc accipicas [cttt* 
ciiac ukra id, c^ aod abiatum fu^rac. 

R. Ccrcum inaprimis cft ei dii5lisrapra 
ratioac rci acccpra; dcbcrc rcAicui totam 
rcm>4^u^acctpcA fuiijfiquidem [otafupcr* 
£rj(iD miuus quarcnuscjciccrit 7ct iu fe» 
^f^l ia fuo cffcftup Efft^usautcru rci func 
runarcs iccipicicis^cujus lococonfumpcai 
cA res Accepca, <f u;;equc coufamcDda craCf 
£ harc ilH fubftirut* uon fuiflent i Qui* 
semo per dAmuum alterius loctiplctior tie* 
ri dcbcrjtUfnfiu^tusprovcnie&KS^cx reac* 
ccpca, Atc percepti jam SdCi five pcndcQ- 
tes, quia rcs q uzlibct domiuo fuo fiu^lE-^ 
cat. Ejus ^idcUcctcft Tirtusfrttdifcracn-r 
jufq^jcreit & quidquid in cx cattfalirtX: 
cantiuerar, cuiq; eft ipfa rcSi 

PorrA iarcr rru£tiis rtfticilcudos tcn*- 
feutui aou folum purc Datuxalcij fcu qriii 
fponce provcuiuai uuUaaac vix uUacuQ- 
«^ricntcindgilfiaj aurc Uborc, ut foccu» 



aoimalium, & ^rb»Miin pomaj f^d ctlzm 

itiix^ijIcQ ad (^uos arqualiccr, auc fercTii- 

tusoaiuralis^ i£idu(lri3,auTUborcoiicurf 

^tUEiT, iH^j fiscnatura praevfllear, ut fnfc|;e^ 

tibusj vinojolco & liJTiilibus, qDi aThra- 

iQgiStliciificui-FiudLisp^turaks, (ive prc 

Talcac iDdullrUjUt in pretitsrcriim locari' 

fitm &c ^milibviS i qur a Jun(pcrir>$ di* 

cuatutffadu^civil-' ^" crum frudlasmi* 

Kcij nou Difi dcd >cQiis> & af jl:ima^ 

'tionelaboris, cef r* Acfruduspu- 

rc iuduflrialcS) ffi im res ipfa fcrai 

tiou cftdcfcjfcd fola inisindullriapai 

^tit, liccCjrad illes de it rcs aliena tao* 

quam inftrumencui^rion .ubjacer.t obTji»a-' 

^ tiooi rcfticuendi, fcd fiuoc cjui, quiadiij-- 

'tlec induftriam, fiv* bonar, five milc fidci 

j»^^cffor isfucTfc. Qu^fafua unicuit^^indiitf 

ihiauiilis enVdcbcc. Viidc ad domtiiuai' 

tci fol um perti oebicquantum £ fli mabitut ; 

nfusejufdcm rcijfcu inftrumctici» 

C ercu m dci n dc c fV « m n ia ca dcm Jcberc 
teftitui rarioDe injuftc acceprioniS} fca 
ljt{ioDisi idtjue non tancum quacenus ex« 
tjccrinc in fe, tcI in fua effe^Uj Ternoi^ 
«iiam fi iDCcricrinr, nec ullam iodc c^ 
jptnc ucilitateni realem.qui n«cuit, Quja 
nemini dcbcc aocete iniifuicas ahertai 
|a ceb u& ab f q l a^d Cuic . QJia ^ r&p ter ^ ui 



5>* qttMHttt . repiiKm* ^ f f 

[lc Isffii, debcc praricrea rcflhucre o- 
hicrum cc0ahs, Sc damnum cmcrgcos 
iduni prudcnccm siftimationcm fpci 
Liirumqiicornntbus liincindc cobfi-* 
is. Idcjuc dcbcc fivc lucTUm ccITaflS, 
imnum cmcrgcos contincatur in eo- 
illo gcticrc boDoruia , Jn q\m l^fto 
[lcfa^^fiiiT, ^vc ia difcrfo* OmDJum 
^uc iadifcriminttim rcpacanonf clTe 
:amjratif> data i^i^tic pcrruadctj dum* 
ft Documcntum conrecuium fit ci 4^ 
icinjuilai nccillui^ crar aliundc ni* 
niniis cTcnturum abrqUccujufquatii 
Hcia. Nempe res fimiliter interiruria 
dotninum, ncraine eciam ipfum 10^- 
lae^cocc» nullius efl: prcrii. Dicicdcc 
n;)cminc injuflclxdcDtetquia HQCU- 
rUmilbtumab UDOiiufcrcndumfuifre 
tcrvi nihil cxcufat iKdeiitein de fi' 
Iscnim dc fi{\Q m fc fufcipir enusre-* 
Eadjj <]uod fimilitcr ad altum pcrti* 
ce, ii alius de fa^o latfidet, uri coa- 
tln rc empta ab i3iquo,c}U£i vcl £2- 
,s carA deflrucndi emcnda fuifTce ab* 
Diilum Dimirum eft fupraqujcft. Ij, . 
idc commurationem uirobi({Uc iutct^ 
re^qaodad hocpun^umactinctt 
IfHculcas igicur folum fupereft an qui 
ite lae£c> ccacacucpracccica ad alic^uid 



4%4. fluijih XXXIU. 

fjtionecutp*, Rcfponiicccum diftiti^fo' 
lic D»Tl\om4s quitft. 61. att. j , ancc fea- 
lCQUim quideni ju4rcis fafficcEc fi rclVU 
EUdtur quancum injulte abbliim fucraifl 
pofl fcmcptiam Tct6 judicis coDftirgcft 
iof^pcr obligatioDcni in coiifcjcniia id 
adiLcicaii,<^uod jadcr ccnfucrit. Subdi* 
ftiDguiiibidcni CaictaBas, VdpasQa fta- 
,biliTa pcr tct^cm indigcl ad cxccutioncm 
fui alia uaftioue, ui ori LtiUtio, Tcrbcr^- 
tio,& fimiiiai vcl nulla •Jt^ctcrca iiadigci 
i<flioDC»qata iu fola piiTatiooe confiAii^ 
Mi eicommunicJ.ciQ, rufptD£oi laccrdi* 
4kam-{d firiiitc^, Piiorj ^naiit tioa obli* 
£at i» confcicntia inc^ tattnmm judi- 
cis, poftctiot o^jligat. 

Verum fubdillmiSfiQ ifta Caiefini faa- 
gtr pun£lum latius picc&s^^aam £1 hoc ijt 
qua hic agitui , lc agic ibi D. TKomait- 
Dantm nrmfrum lcgcs panalcE non folttni 
adTcrfus a£%ionc5 injnflasj & offcnfiTls^ 
jproximcrum in fais juriWs,fcd criam id* 
tcrfus aha pcccita nihil noceniia ptoxi^ 
loisjvctnon Qoccntiaadrerfus fuSjlf ja* 
fti liam. D ci ndc non td un i vcifa li rcr tccs4 
«3 do^iriDAj quia Jcs fpolians ia pcsnaifr 
jnribus circa bona pccnnia zilimabiltA^ 
Bon indirct Ad fi^ ciecudODCm nlU 1- 
lligac p«Sdr#> ncc EiiKca «feUt» la coon' 



De fUMiith: ftfiit§4in. 4« t 

XcitVkt\i acite jiidi^is Lt^uceaiiam. Frxte- 
rca \). Thorais noo agic At ^ualicamq^ 
pfxaa a<!t:ioDis inji^IVf ^ fcd dc ea ca&tum, 
qg£ icnpoiiitiir iiifavorcm injuTJam psfli, 
ot ipfl iatiGfi^c, & [olUiui ex cju» Qtvt- 
Bio o0i^a£o ptzconcepta fuperdidcQdo 
p<xaam ccdcQtcm in ejus utiiiratem * 5c 
lucruiDf pro qaaicadcft riiio rpccialis ia- 
dcpcQdctis Ab uaivcirali lcgum pxniliufv 
^uttfideracioQe, 

NciTipcoircii^o&emjAc p^irtuttationem 

mnitnij quam iDJutt^ paCu* cCl qui pa^us 

t^ in;urisan, iton c3e compcnfabiLcm ad 

^qualicatcEn 7 uti paulo f^ik. oftcodecurf 

ficuctftcoiDpcar^bilis adsfqujtltcarcm j;i- 

^uriboaorutn^qu^ ablaca fucrcpetiikju- 

HAm adittneo). Hrge faci&fic obJigacionr 

jufliti^ aQCcccdcjsti fctiteuiiain judicis, Sc 

confequcti ad iDJuii^^mei &atui:.i i:ei tdtt* 

fiicu:a ;cqua1ic^ce iDCcr ablatum fc tclU^^ 

tatum> atque de reliqiio quoad compen- 

fandam oiflFenfionem aoii^ni « ^, f%tioae8& 

^ormalein iDJutise flaniam c^ aBbitii^ j^. 

' 4icii, nec eft ulh liife ejiis (^ntenciam o* 

bfigatio rpecialis refiitueodij ac fuperad» 

dcndi ulcra quantitatem nocumenci ilU* 

ti in bonis exterioribus> quandoquidem 

in novo Teftamento nulla datur lex di- 

^iaa aat humana ic fupeiaddeAda detoi^ 



4i4 §t?^j^' xxx^m. 

ininaca aliqua tjuaiiirjce pro offenfioiE 
a&imij & taclooe formati iajurfa: ut id- 
t«mcD- Thomasad pnmum ; acijuc haK 

• «ft kgirima qtia^iHoiiis piopofita: jrcfoJu' 
"tio t fufficetc nimirum fi tantuntjcm w 

Aicuacnc quaQtum ablatum facrat , dm 

Aihil ukra pra?cipit Judex* 

Ad I. C9o(l3C ex i^Li^it, jQ. 2t 31. n 
-MctttTO illocapiteviiriar ^tiaDiicaccni fia- 

»iiUs dcbicam« >r'':o cx nrroquc tcl 

'mUeto ^acetir ill [tari koc ittfupeE 

' «liflicuhacishabcnt ^4 rfusferUt compi»- 
^ narit cam fuani fciota *m cutn doiflrini 

* motio cra4iia (|uatcfl mm uiiisj&iiidtu 
hicaca apui omues. 

Aii.PicctcxnupordtdiscuitiD.Th»# 

vna, & vidcri infuper poiruuc quz ib cam 

fcm Ji^a fuut qua^ft, 13, circa difFcrcn- 

' tiam iuter icflirucioncni) lc lac]sfadio«^ 

" Acm ptepric talcm,, - « * t "* - 

' QjM^Tio xxxrv; 

PtrHm rtfiiiiius fjtcitndfk fn fnxtM txifii': 

VId I T V Jt obiis;aci©Dcm plus, vct mi* 
nus rcRtcueudi uuu<fuam pcudcrc ib 
^{limacione uoccutis, t> Qu^ia hoc 
* tft ii tc^itXVtb "1 u^tVL^^txi 4^u« V cr fa u c u T ci r - 



rsrpanrroacs, & caruiTi qua: v^rfaiinir c»tca- 
c> p crati o n t s, m obi i ga i i o i 1 1 aru m mciifure'" 
lui exiiUrnitionc opcrantisj if^anim TCr^' 
otqua^uanri* Quia vinutcscf iiar verrititur 
circa paiIiutiesiDi5ciu)it rnrilium tAtionil s 
qua: ycib circa opcratiotics mcdium rci fe* 
cun^um (c uedid:um ef^ (|ua;{l:. 5. ErgO' 
quAQcira» TcftirucndAreEnpcr» & UDiccdc- 
pcndctab iBaequalitarc caufata ^^atcc rcij^ 
nec potcll noqaam yariari pioptcr yarie- 
tacem praeext(Veatein in cxiuimatione^. fic: 
judicio nocentis. 

X. Si quaBtitasre(Ktiien<Ia a!iquan<|#? 
«(Tet meafaniada depcndenter ab«xiltima» 
ciooe nocentis, rempcrdcberct tsxari }aziA 
caodcm. Quia lec refticutionisrcmpcrcft 
una,&eadcm. Sequclaautcm cftabfurda 
apud omncs. 

R. NoQ eft dubiu^» quiti fi quantitat' 
•ocurocnti rcipfa iUaci fucrit minoryquaQl 
cxifl:in\aTie> qvi »t*tui(, noh usc^r&f i». 
Ad reftituendum juxra fuam xiVimati«* 
aiem, fcd prxcise quantura re ip£inocuit«. 
Quia boc folum reftituto cooitituiciir ae* 
qualitas intenca per juftiriam, &ad nihii 
ulcra asqualitatcm tcnctur ex juflitia, lo^ 
qucndopcrff. & nifi crror pr»vius!pcrfe- 
"vcret. I. Quando aurem cvcntus nocuv 
ftUAU fuperat incuipabilcm cxiftitv\^ut^^ 



41«. &H4po XXXIV. 

ncm nnccBUi , ijon convcuiuot auftotw '^ 

CiriiJualistieLuj^orirfpondrt poftaliml \ 
non paucos ctim dillirj£ttoBc i vcl ctiidl " 
BOCUFtictum fupcrsknscxin Jm*iTioiiciifi xi^\ ^' 
ctntis ftvit rcaiiter ioiliftipV^^iim ab cflJ ^ 

2uodpraec04noTiCiqut inj-drt^ ao^iiiCj iill ' 
projfcit in laaic gcmtnam ^liceiimcxi' 
ftLmansffic virrum* & fci^a^ c^i:.aUcaaii 
nviidquid. cfTcF* Ycl ftiit :Jcnn nocumta- 
rumEcaliccrdtftiaAurD, i: rcfuk«fi9deia* 
4c ptjctcr opiaioQcm } ui fi ^ombtific fe^ 
gctcffSc iaJc ffld^acncftjUt cocnttircfetur 
ctiani doRLUS prxtcr ismncm ^piaioaera^ 
8c rufpicioQcm comburenns fcgctcs. It 
prioti cYcnfu d«ccr dcbeii rc(ticil(i«ncin 
)uxca giiatiticatcm aocnmcdti rcipfi illttU 
ifi pofrcriori rcro aoaaii quitcDUS prac- 
TiruEnfuic. Rcd4ir racioiem dilcriminiH 
quixqui ptojicir gcmmam uniec^ cxiltt^^ 
.iRf t cffc T i r 1 11 ffa 3 V > J f r€i *fft p rii| iccFc &em» 
■lamf & volirionc exccutivi vttlc pcr<icttf 
quodhabcr in manu qutdqutd illud £c. 
£r^o tCQcrur ad rcparandLim damaum« 
«|uale tcipfa futr ^ quia fic reipfa voluii, 
Q^i vcr^ appofuic caufam daniut tcipCl 
fu^fccucuri ignorans iuvincibiljrcr iUui 
«(rr fubfcrururum, ncc rcalrrcrj iicc focm*# 
luci; i]|Ud&ta;Lu.u^ tttgCi fularecatUBi. d«c 



^ q\if lc habetniric pef accidcBS ; & moia^ 
j, litcr petindejcfttEnaturj atqueii fiocumeii* 
' tuin omniBO inopinatum^diftin^uin tca^^ 
I litcr ab ci>, ijuad pricnrum c(l) noa cftct^ 
^ X^ipfa tQblccutum, 

^ Vcrum h^c idcio <!ircnmii»is ncqua*^ 

^ qtiaTT! GitisfaciE, Quta ignorancia qua 

I a-d vim damniiicaBdj peiinde omnino clt» 

^ aT^uci-gncrantiaquoad valoremrei. To- 

^ ta namque yis damnificandi cft indi{lin»> 

€^a realiter ab a^ione> fcu re nociva ia- 

fcreace reipfa mazimum nocumencum» 

nen mmftSj jquam (it indiftindos maxi* 

mus talot a re plurimum yaiente in fei^ 

pfa. Qnare Ci is qui perdidic gemmamy 

atxc Terum anrum etiHimansenTeyicrum» 

aiic anrum falfumi tenec«r ad yaloretn 

Semmae , auc auri veri ; fimiliter is ^ui 
tfdic cibum reipfa lethalem exiftimantt 
^ inculpabilitcr ene caufativum folius ia^ 
^ fc»m)sii , auc icTi» doUris in <apit^) ce* 
0ebfcur de toco damno confecuco ttipfa 
pcr fe ad morcg hominrs. Nenlpetoliiiire* 
caufam Bcceffjriam >damnii perinde mora^ 
lirer cft,atqaeidcm damnum imn9cdiar^> 
dc ia fe ToiuiiTe^ maxicne cum piivario 



bili cum eQdem boDa,ideoqi pcr fc ip(u[xl 
iiiimediaic piiTCicOiiem bono proco tcni- 
porcipioquo cU incompofnbUc ^atn iil^ 
lic quo ^liiSi^ncc cEiim>d pi^IcQS miiU 
tum icfert piCEcerqiiatn ad homincm ad* 
f crfus iudDrcs diltiQ(^ioai£>qusc 4iici^^ 
ftnipugn;|j:itur, 

Ratio igiruipaiiratis i priori inilcpc&* 
^cnii ab ca opinionc dt privationCj dcl^]>- 
tnicurcx co quodad ArftimArioDcnn,4c clf» 
-€tus mor:iIc& aftuuiaif tam bouorujquaifk^ 
tnalotarEi pcrinde valcc diilindio ranooiH' 
actfuc difliQdio rcalis. uc diiSlum cum D^ 
*rhoma 4liciumC}; comuut &c indubjracftt 
fcnccuria q. l. de viu* T hcoL & alibi noa: 
fcmcL Erg^darrtnumctrcdiltiuduni rL-a-j 
litcryvel indidindii realicerabtodainttQy. 
quodprasmifTum erbffcucriftimjacqmfoxw: 
inalieer ni^hil vaidarepoccft xftimacioDemi^ 
9c eiFedbus morales a<Sbiotiuna $ fed quanti*: 
tiispracciraperracioncaiaquJintiratediaflBL*! 
ai cealicer fubfecuci p.eij&<k rjQpucabicttt^) 
acque (i idcariEeaca realitet minim^ cumi 
iita fttiffec i £cuc repucAC^c ab omnibat? 
<|i»oa4 quancicaccm Sta magnitudiQciii> 
malicic ai^us, 

Dicendun) icaquff eft uhiTexfaUcer ii> 
JUiUq Cf eaLt\^ dtbui uAitutioacm ulcra» 



'7>t dMmno txjfiimstff. 4|i 

lUantitarcni muoccDtct ciilhmatifYi k no* 
icntt, MulUmqi obligacioftcni rciiiharc ci 
|uanriTatc damoi» &c valorc ici ipviocibi- 
ixei ignorari« itft^uc nc liubttaverit cjiai* 
km rfc uhcriori valorc :mt vi nociTa. 

IVitici cft, qnia iDbumanum cil, ui Iio», 
njnes coatiibictt obhgitioDcm ex aflJo-i 
leruftmociocninimcbiim^no. Obligici» 
uiem confcqu^DS ad iguoiaDtianaitivin- 
ibilcm, contradacAtciui^c^ct modo mi* 
iimehumaDffj quiakomo quauQU^igi^O'- 
^, nikitili^ercabruco ft agenceiBaoimaf' 
o, C^arec ^nim^aceDUS liberta^Cfquse eft 
jicitziyz httmsrmcacisj dl k qaa pcDdenc 
kblig^tioAct cctAuahenjdar pcr A^ianem,- 
^^►pri^rn* 

Confirmacur raciooc fuperltts indicitAr. 
u^(>.' )i. Terfiis finern» Quia nemo ^|:c* 
itor confep^itc ii^ concra^uin rnajorispe^ . 
.€ ul i , <| uani ff ei • Y o 1 u n itias a ur era cpa- 
r» cifiM repaxa ci o n i d a ai ni mir>i m d, prai* 
i£9;i^fiif«raiiris ejtiftimacioiic»n ^onji^iC: 
9^m#jysf)ericulttm,, qaam/pcrn« . i^xiiyi^ 
^ni(^erpr^cuI4ufbi<}f4t fyoUsix^ (kCcii^nri. 

is, quam iifdcm ab alio ignorancc.r,pti«r 
ari. Qiiarecotnmutiishominumconfcn- 
ua^nccccdcias evcncusaeque pofHbilcsre* 
i.c^ucujuryis^hicpociuseft» ttc rc^.uccnr 



tur proilamt^is pure forteiiis qasE ib aYj-* 
^iiD minimc euftimantc illara fucrinci 
qii4ct:nusio«iipal*i]cmcxiftimanoDcm,it ] 
opiciioncm &«ccatts C3tccfferinc>quam ut 
fpcm aliqutm majorcm coocipcrcj ac ftin* 1 
datc volucfiDt noa paTicndi Bocamettiuni 
iDito ccvhuaiio pido. 

C OD fi rmi tur rurf'Jl , <q u »3 n cm o rationa» 
tilitcr irafcitur advcrlus noccntcm cuiil 
ignoratttsa nocnmcuti quatcnus ignora-' 
Vir, ac proindc aon agcrct ratjonabilitet' 
«\im co, fi hoftiUccreitentJsagcrct cumeoi 
^m, Agercc autcm b<iftilitcr, fi compd** 
lcret id fubeufidum magnum damnumi^ 
pt« placatiooc fui, ncc aliiet ^ellct rcdite 
ad ptiftiiiim pacem , ac beDcvohntiaml 
D^uTuam. QMarc ad ratioh^ih ilifctimiriis 
rapri ailigtiatim dtcittir iD adionc, iiTe 
ifie^iat^, iivc immcdiatc plus nocentci 
if u^m putavit au^or a£lioni^j cxcefTum f< 
kabcrt purc mactrialitcf quoad prudca^ 
tcm operisxftrmatio^em.atque iieo nal* 
lum cateeiu^ cifedukn moralctn fprdialcm 
rcfuttirc i bc<^uc realcm Igooti cum no*^' 
to idcQcicatcBa (|ui^qtlai& in conrratiaia ' 
Tilcr*. 

Di^um aurcm cft unitfrfalirer acmi- 
icmtcfit^ri ad rcpariadum daftinijm>qna' 



Ic« noo limcndum pnidcr.tcr.. Q^^- fJdl-* 
luni quoad hoc admirtcciiiuni cii difcri- 
jntnintcr cutn^quinocuit ptuar^s quii[:d'* 
tattiTk nocnfnciiti cfle fufficicntcm ad le* 
Aalcj & cum c^ni putavii tdcttiflkicnicil 
iohira ad vcnialri cum uicLque putavxiic 
cflcfniiiorcmjquamrcipr* fuitjticcdc op- 
poficodubicaviT; qtiod laio ctntiDgcrepo* 
icft. Licctcnim qui puiavit (^uantitatCTti 
cflcfuffjtientcmadlcthalcjco ipfo hodili- 
icr cgcrjc jdcoqnc mcruifU- videacur> ut 
ctiam cuifi ipfo hoflilitcr aj^itttr ciJi^cudo 
ib eo quantum rcipfa uociat. C^^dimi:- 
xicumneqnatfuam ineftc^iflimanti qu:iu^ 
rhatcm clTe vcnialemi H^c nihiloiTunu^ 
di^crcnciajCui piurtmum infUHt Catdina^ 
lis dc Luf^Oj difp, g' fc<ft,5, &u!U cx partc 
labcfa£bat vim lupafioiis nciha; rati^^ni» 
iinivcrfilicet coDcludcDCiSp Soluni enini 
pcrfuadet facilius, ac rationabilius coniio- 
jiari vcniaSitci , quam lcthalitcr pcccanti 
jellitucioncnra auantitatis ab utrcquc cxi-^ 
jflimatjri Si cnimciigatur ulcra crinima* 
tionemj ac prudcntcm dubtcationcmi noii 
hofliHtcr roJum agccufj fcd eciAnv tjrauni- 
ck ac inhumanc, 

Opponit Cardinalis paritatcm cx incur- 
fionc poenarum cxccdcntium farpe cxifti- 
iftaiioacm pcccanris* Scd itXQtc^^^^^^^p^t. 



^s4 m^^jHg xxxiy., 

ifacil<i & cFBcacKcr paritas. Quia qu^nri-' 

quiintiiatcni culpae foim*Hs , ntc ciilpa 
ft>niialU potcft cJtceticre txiftin^aiioncm 
pcccantis circa ^Maviiaicm colpar* £igo 
lmuUKrC[iiJLntuab [ci iclhuii t^cIt nnti po- 
tcH cxccdtrre pcr lc ijusttEitarcRi nocittreii- 
ti cjtiflifxiatam a nocrtjtc, K'cmpc ttltitu- 
tio concrpondctnacumenio piciximi ficuc 
pa:aa culpa; quatciiijs imput^ibjlibus ; i^- 
qucfimili proifus rrio^io pio culpa, & no* 
ciimctito five levij /ivc gravJ. Qu^ ipfi 
uniformiri^ quoad lc^c & £^rave in po^aa 
& culpa Doccc rptcialitrr iutcntioni Car-» 
diualis voleuds tucri dircnmcQ iarct in~ 
jufticiam lcviicfj S; j^ravircr peccamirpo- 
ftm » cum ramen af^iiC contifigar pocn»ni 
ycraccjdeuseiccedete culpamUvtm ac gMi 
■vem, ncutraro veiS utvt^nam ixcedLic poi- 
£t per le. Qji3:ftio a.utcm pra:feiis cft db 
obU^aiioiieper k uUra poCLtmcDrum c^^i* 
ftimiitum. Concludirur igfriir qtiairitta^ 
tem reflitueudam nuiiquam poilcefJ^ jiu* 
jorcm iiiculpabilrrer cxitttn afij poffc tt- 
incn aliquandij eiTc.minorcm* 
' Adr. Didum cdcn iu ioco,& f*pe »-»■ 
Uu% mcdium ui quod inTCudir jururiii 
cenddetari rthrc ad jtts ejiis circA queiB 
flf cutuii^ta ^utUtia. Oftcafum atiicrr 

cft 




tft HO» compctcre jusp4tit'ncij Ut fi!>i rc- 
ftituatTJf quanroiTvrc ip^ii ftnc nottimen- 
,rum,Qua[l patrusctl^ icA quanium inciil- 
j>abi!iicf cxiftimavic qui pocuiu Aiqac 
catenas ceoccucad medium rci <\m vkt^cmi^ 
f\t<\\xz fi poflca pcrnovum «;rfoicm iclU- 
XWM bon^ ^dc minua quam C3ci(tim&vi^ 
quan<io aacuic» prf^ptciea libcrarur i cara 
pbligsnone» fcd tcncrui fup<:r erogarcj^ 
rum p:i[LLUm i^notuctit po^cnor crroc* 
^Cujus nih*.l fLmile cH if) aUis ¥Lrcucibus» 
quae vcrUntui: circA pa^oncs. "^ 

Adi.Sacisfupcrque pacct cx <li(5lis fit- 
j^ra racipdjffercnti*, ob quam qui mitia? 
nocuit quam putavicnondcbcat rcfticucre 
e uancqm* puravicj fcd minus j noa vcro C\'> 
fnilitcrpUsdcbcac reftitucrc,quamrcipfi 
nocuerit>quiminusDocuirquamputavic^> 
idcoquc, ncquc fcmper, ncquc lunquain 
ftandum (ic menfura^ cziflimacionis, qua: 
jpr«luxicnoccDci. Qaiafcmpcr facisficjuri 
picicncis fi recipiac quancum amific, ^ ali^' 
^aado eciam& minus rccipiftc. 



Q_V^ S T I O XXXT. 

Vtrum'f&ltt »0centls int^nth p^jfit vmyh 
^lligiMUnem rcjiujtendi ? 

VT D I T V R yatiare pode. i. Qwia 
mjitria iliaium virmnim fDladiF» 
fic^s JDrennonisea p.itteopcvamisp 
ttft iodurtre dJfpAres obligatioot s ei, 
£ atflJo Linlis alccn liac animo bcacScc 
obli^at aii ^ratitudjDcm, ii nrifius con 
Ulig^at iJcmt^uc a.ppacet ia pluribijs al 
altatmm ^iftunl cieinplis, qu* proreqi: 
turlaieCarrtnialis<JcLugodirp, f . f^A, 
Hrgo idipfum accjdcrc potcft ih mater 
juilicia?. Nec enim apparet olla quo: 
hoc puodbuiit diffcreniia inccr ipram > 
alias vittutes. 

2. Sola divctfiras intctitionis efficerep 
tcftfUt qais conftituatur, vcl uon cout 
tiiatur in racionc cauf« inoralis refpe^ 
cfFe£lusconfccvtiadciu$a6tionem,ucp 
tet incadem tentationcdcnomlDaDtedi 
niouem vel homincm caufam pcccati 
tcncationc fuborti , minime vero Dcun 
quia illi intcndunc pcccatum. Dcus vc 
xninimcincendir, Ergo eadcm foladivc 
iitasJ&^^^i^^^o^^^ ^^^^^ ^oteiicj ut a 




i 



I>« ristta ti itn e mi^ntis. 4^ 7 

t:spfoxinio cx fua st^ionff, r;in>erfi nf-n ItC 
iDdufliva iUiuscx (ua Darura. C^nlalitas 
aiiceminarslis in djrrnum pr^srimi inrlLi- 
cic obli^Jtionem tcflitucodu Qvtiorioae 
SXioT&tur Vaf(^uex, 

5* ViiJcrur inlupcrabilc Kanc in rcm at- 
gumcnruni dciumi cx l^^c iccundd f. i^f^ 
Lg^ja #//, Jfl j^f ;ff Jfji piwvsA 0tC€ndd j cit- 
quc aliis nruilibus pia^cipicnribus rrpa- 
idiioncm {I^mrti IccuTi^ f) tale damnuiH 
iaccncum i;ui£ a.o auclorc opcris, ad quoi 
confecutuai cft, minimc vcro fcclufa in- 
ccacione darani. Vndc hoc idem ut ccr*- 
tum fupponere Yidentur quam plurcs au« 
ft^rcs apiid Thom. Sanchcz lib, i. cony 
iii^tap^ I. dub. f. reciirrenres ad inrcn- 
tidnem operanris , aur omiccencis pro o- 
bligationc, auc dc obligationc refticuen- 
d[i. Ergo dubitari non pote(l, quin inrcn- 
tio noccQCis fe (bla futSciac ad variaa" 
dam hanc obligacioncm. 

,^R. Aq incentio apcendi pofHc aliquan- 
4q iadficcrc, vcl augere obligationem rc- 
ftitnendi^noB ad fururam, fi illa non ad- 
fu ifer, t:imefi ca:tera omnia adfuiiTec cx- 
d-crn ; maximcvcBO fi adfuiireuc prxcoqni- 
tie Po']i'Mlitiris nocum^iui coniuniila 
cuni pctfuaiione raoraUter ccu3i UUw^ 



43 1 g«*/iV XXXV. 

& tameti dc f^iflo rubrcciicum t(\ ad i pfam^ 
Affirmantj& acgaac gravtSj cec pauci au- 
£lorcs, Dtc^ndam auccni cilintcnrioncm 
Aocciirts fc lola nihil id rcm f^ccrt j nec 
fiiiate poflc obligarioncm rclticucndl, 
Cui fcnccnux favtnc Thomns SjnclicZj. 
1* c ffi u s j N a V a 1 ra j T u n i a n u <i j 5: al ii . Qu i %. 
jusproprictan5antcuiqMC convcniens re- 
{pt£tKi fuorum bonorum tanrum irsdircd^ 
cxtCDditur ^d adus internos vD[uncaci^« 
qt;iitcDa& ruQt caufatiTi aljcujus a^f^LOEis 
^ircf^c contrixdicctiLis ctdrtn juri^ ^rgo 
(Jtiando afl^io C3t(^rcLia, cx intcnrionc ut- 
cunquc alia^ malai Gon fucrit co^traria 

iuriaherius, ca iDrcDno noti crlr malama.- 
icia injuIVicix, fcd invidiac, inimicitiart 
■fclahcrius fimiiis Yicii. Confirmaturquil 
^ola liivcriiTas inrcnttonis Qon potcl:! cdl'- 
ccrc, ur (lc^txqiialicasbonorumjpcr julti- 
tiatn iQtcnta^ ac pct fcpAtcr^ Eigo uon po* 
tjcft ifaccrc, ucaflia cxcirior, aliis r>oM fu- 
twrainjn^.^, ficiujuIVa, adeoquc iudut^iT* 
" obJi£;acioiiisrcft:icucndi j hoc cft uc fu ia* 
dmfliva iniequjiLratisj & ob!igario&ii r^* 
Jiarandi a^qualitatcm. 

Ad I, Hoccitdircfimen inrcr jufliciam,^ 
Acaliaft vLrturcs moralcs, ur ilU io tiiediG 
tc i I i U ic i n mt4v« iii\\^i^\% ^^IUU m\ u ti 



Dtfmtentionenoetntts, .4)9/ 

cxpafitam cft ({VLxil.9, eamque medieca'-' 
cem refpicfc jditicia lelac^ ad jus alceciiis». 
eoqucfoloeaixx mecituis cum alix Tircu- 
tes aliis racionibus nicantar,. Penrerficas> 
aucem inte^cionii rolum recedic a mcdio"» 
ciLcionis, if uando Tcclufa inteQcipne, nuIU;- 
eiftinjufticiain a^ione (ccundum (e, ta-- 
mecfi fiac cum perfeda alias lei ipfiiisco*- 
gnicioQC>acdelibcracione, necincenciofe- 
euQduin i'e pcxcisc confidcraca (ubeftjuci' 
alcctius, uc per fc paicc. hUx vircuccs re- 
(piciun^.alia mociya, Sc rncdiccacem aliain:^ 
faciabilia tx inicrioQC operancis,ad quam> 
eciam immcdiacc& rccuodum fcccFcnm-- 
cur Nullaigitur cil pari:aseb|f(5tioni$« 

Adi. Diuioguicuc aocecedcns, f^ladi-'- 
Tcrfiras inccncionis cfKccie poce(l, uc quit> 
conflicuacuc in racioac caufie m^ralis in-- 
ju(tc agcncis formalircr, negacur anctcc- 
dens ', agcncis cotca ehacicaccm arDiciciatn, • 
bcncfolcntiam, mircricoidiam, Sc fimilcs 
Tircucthcooccdicur aaccccdcns. Racio di- 
fcrimiais parcccz Fundaincnco voiitacis, &' 
cx rerpoD(ioneadi. Conaparacio illa Dct 
ic dacmoais,auchominisnihil vrgcr. Quia 
illud difcrimcn non oiiturfrx lola diveid- 
tace inrcntionis, fcJ eciam & cnaTimc, a:- 
quc i.ulica!uei, q'iia dsiiu.n & honio rc'- 
acncar, ad noo iCiKAudum i D<iusHt\^ 
T 4 ^'^'^ 



440 .QtfAjlf\XXxy^ 

iioti ccnetur> ut non tcotet eo mcdo 6c fed 
fd quo id illi cft poflibile ; ideo^; illis tti 
l^ucrctur pcccati>m f€(;otum cx tentatiooc 
tainecd ilJttd rninirtii ioteniiifn^Qt, led cifl 
tum contecnf (liTeat fceuti alia m«civa. 

Ad 5. Leges illarciviles nikil coQtioea 
cbntracoQclafiohemppiitan^rabtermioii 
<iuibuseaftottfrcatacU>6c itib qaibuscza? 
sninatur a Theologis quaeflio pra?reos. 
Qu^ia Jurifconrulci non rerpiciuar ad in* 
tentio^em pureinecrnam fecundum k,ki 
sd aflioRem vel ooiifnonem , qua; talen 
intcntioQcm nocivam prcfuppoait perfei 
Talis autemAreuadio,fea omiflio eft ia* 
jufia exfc, & indudbiva obtigationis refti< 
tucadi^rametdabiic incentio Foc<QaIisno< 
ccndi. Quia eft indudiva damni aUcni, 
•vrlal>fj[i iillocommudo propci:0>Tcl cunc 
cocomniodo, qiiodcftconira jusaUeriuf 
Nemocnim niii pcr accidens cx pra:fum 
ptionc bcne fundata gravacur pcr lcgci 
quando fa^ic auc omiccic id ad quod fe 
cundum fe hibcc jus; hoc eft id, in qu< 
lavcnt ipfi lcges , qu.imcunque dcmun 
inccntion«m ijcrac purc inccrtorcm a<^io 
j)c cxccriori exiftentc conformi ad lejrc 
quoadomniacxccriora fccundum fc. Au 
aorcs vero indicati in objc(^ione> vc 

haii 



De rijtit u fimi p/trfis* 44/ 



cri^ruac ^ f cra. 



cty ^ S T I O XXXVl. 

Vtrnm r^pitutia ^^rfis dtbici p^lft tiherarm 

mh ^hligAihne ^mvi nfiitmndi^ 

VId ET V R [ib-crare poffc. 1, Q^ia «- 
dem le£Te , eodeinqfie modo lenetur 
UDiirqui^i ad rcp.irandmn diimntitn 
iltatunj c|u.i & quo tencbatnr ad iljud non. 
infercndiim ; Jiquidt^m diftam efl fui^ra 
orramqiiea^am eirfe eiurd^m infittiac fpe- 
cici , codemq?»e jurc pacientis moveri 
ada?qiute. Ergo nemo peccat lethalicer 
lecentioae ciuspricciseparrisj ciiius {'olius 
ablacione non pcccaff;;t lethaliter. Ergo 
liberari poceft ab obtigatione gravi per 
refticucionem forias parcis dcbiti rcrcnta 
leliqao, caius ablatio n^n fuiitec pecca- 
tum lctfiirc. 

a. Iri macrria hnnaris qiit noc»tnrtfntiim 
jgravf PCTtis ilUtO-tn ira imminiJJr,, nc am- 
plitisn^n fitgravc, non rubefldcindjobli- 
giticittt g^^v^i rcit^caeadij Ac rcciaca^ li piri» 
tem dHinmi qu.r ru;ijrifft ErzQ fimilicet 
diccnd im elt in re pecanuria. 

5. Q21 ^li-^s noii oSrigacas ohflrinxic fe 
Toco ad diccadmn ofici'j;ndiviauQi> 5c (\ 
T 5 i^. 



44»^ g«*J?i* XXX VI; 

sHqLvandf) iQccrnundctj ai iUud dlcen- 
Auw. bis dieri^qvitnci i liberacur ab obliga* 
ziaoegEavij d Aic [c<^ucnn dicit Irctindl 
lice ulque id parvam quanciutcm > qwz 
prseccrtnifTa di^ pfatccileDri, pro quo com- 
penfat , non peccafii^r leitialitcr. Ert ati-* 
tcm caJem prorfus proportign^jHs raiio 
4c r^firttutione, & compenriiiufic peca* 

R,VaUc percrebuit apui amflorcs mo- 
«ScrQos fcnccnna afiirmanseum^ <]^ui rcfti- 
tuit: pancm dcbirij qua rublata uon pcc- 
caiTciiDitio lcthalitet, liberaii ab oblTj^a- 
ftODCgtaYttc^itueniltjquam contratitpet 
f cccatum injuftitia;in rcpccufluria* Di* 
dtndum tamcn cft tiou proptetea libcrari 
ab obiigatiopc gravi cr natuta ici, Quia 
qui la:fus fuit quoad quantiratem ruSi« 
cicurcmad lcthslej cc ipfo acciniftvit jus 
adyerfus U^cntcm ad cjigecdam totatn 
jlbm quanuratcni Hmutj potcilq^ proindc 
1]icndo jure ruouollc acceptart pattemjfi 
fcotfim offcratuti vcl criam acccpiarcjfci 
fub ea condirionc, uitili dcindctcmporCf 
aiicopottuaitatefiipcTafidatiirf^uod dccfl^ 
Bc pou alicct. Cum cnim abfoiute debea-^ 
tur tota c^uanruis £Dnu] , fcu ^mulcauoA 
CCtius quauticatis rcddirio, qod exccdtt 

^tjcdiwUjuim'^k^i^V|W.^Yitc Cao ca- 



V 



P* refthutimi p/trfii, 441 1 

E coca.n tiinul t]ii intKaccmi & iioti aliccc. 
f elic. VLilf etUiTi quui dcbeciirj & uci Je- 
"btcurj & lic^c ipli velle c:iciL:ce to£.i i|uiii« 
ciiat£>d;im aO!i poceli; hiibete ailL ^irceni 
ob LDiqincdccm dtbi^oLis, 

Vndc iic uc oon potlii: cct^rcri crcdicor . 
roadoaixc cam pictctTt, quam non TalcaCT 
ccpure al>r^ue reliquo. Quia nemo ccn» 
fccur Gcdere j ui fuo quoad Tubl^antiaru''^ 
rct ci eo pia^ci^t^^ qnoi vcHi iQdivilim utt ^ 
jure (uDi cct.am qiioad modiim dcbicum > 
ipfi fimul cumfubftantia. Quapropccrqui < 
letlicuic parcecn dcbici , parte aiia recca-^ 
ra^ falccrn fi liajc fic norabilis compara- 
tioae Fa(fVa cum ea q*ix reRicuLcur^. aihit J 
feciite repiuaodos cft j nifi cum.fufB-i( 
cLenct fpcciali fuadamctico pr.rfamacur 
in credicore voluncas accepcandt parccm> . 
quae leorfim rediicur, taxnetfi reliquuni.^ 
a^foiuce ncgccur. 

V « K m i ft i tUmod i p rae fu ra p ti o o on cft: 
fa^cilis, 6c indiget fpeciali fuadampoto*,^ 
QUia plerumquc conciogitvcxedicores^nija- ! 
gnarum quancicaiam nollcacceptarepat* : 
tcm debici oblaram cum voluncace nua-^, 
quam reddeudi tcliquum, prx''errim ii hoc 
iic nocabile refpedra pArtis obiaca?. lllud 
Wmiiawi ipfuai^ q'iod fi fc^luva id^^i^^^'^'^; 



fl 



4 4 4 S?V^'^ -'^ ^ ^ ^' ^' 

jiici^r li Tic pirs ^lcbin » mixiinc vcro U (tc 

rei pccania: Ci\mc\tt\itm tdlKvhilcreJJi^ii 
ad t'u^Scii::icsfn, PrTrttn ^tirtties ayccm 
iion i i c C£ ta c src i M^e^ 'i t: Tp eci j U fa n :1 im crt* 
to , c i fi tCv ^i n d 1 m ji I ct iii q uc c&n c i ng^^;:a*^ 
liai AdieLt learem injultc^ qntj.iJ quia^^B 
ch;uem fufficicntsm ad Uthalc, co rp.roa-' 
gerc holliUtcr c^ina l^rfoj Sc iufupct agc- 
rc friudulcoccr cura codem j dum vuk 
li Tcri;ia mi]>noonercpcfparvam coni;Tt?- 
latioc^m. Non auEcm ficilc pcaffumicur 
pn iriiapccituoihaltilirar fcUc nihilomi» 
BUSj amicaliiUrct cxcipcrc tcdcusicciii itl 
gririnmFi.iudulcjicer i Sc diminu-tcrcrcQ- 
t,i macctiaoffifofioiiis quoad parrem n^ca- 
biUm; fibiqu^ porius ccncans ptoviicrc 
qiiamlrfo, Difficiliornamqu^cftrcdicus 
iftbcncYolcnriams ac paccm quamlyenc. 
▼olcntiae Sc paCis confcrvatioj iicoq^ie 
xionpra;famiturprudcnccrl"ubeadcmcoa- 
^itioBC. Tenctur autcm qAii Ixfit fa- 
thfaccrc juti patichtis> quatcn-us pcc 
fc fafficit adreaitum mucua; pacil, Sc 
bencvolcntia; >, atiiqucc ez didtis quxft» 

CDacludicurio;irurcuni,qui injuftcin* 
tulii daoiAlvAC^^fidcas^aileclcilenon li- 



V 



44r 



^a-^iinr ^r^yi rqparaDtJi it- 



lui pcf i:cpi:.i:toa?m rjij^ pr^cise parciSf 

hiitrtic ab JEiiiio tutlicicfts ad lethalci fcd 
ncccH;: cfl^; ai taai LbciiXrioncmitH rcpa- 
rcE tocurti «ocMamcarurn , vcl falt^m ut 
tam cii£iT.i fic CQfnparanTe p-trs rcliila 
abfque ccp.irjrionc, nt cxilHmart praJcti- 
ter pofTit, co 00:1 Dbfljnrc acccptare ab- 
^folatc credttoccm e^im partern, qnae fibi 
tedditur> tamctft tdit|iurTi pattciTi nott 
proacerei condon*:tj. *ctjue hxc prnfc£lci 
Tidi.'ciir corBaiants luminuin cxiltinutto 
> nacuuIiSi q uatil non ita commanircr coti* 
tm^it c/Te falfim ac inincm , quoad les 
ufqic atliio p-ilpibilcSj & pctjdeQres cx 
animi dirpofittoric uiicuiquc Qanlfi^na: 
per cipericntiam, quann commyn^ cftj nr 
auflotcs noLiQulli dcludintur , ac impli» 
ecucac confcqu<:i3rii5i & racioucalis» a^ 
paritatil><i5 apparencibus. 

Ai r. N"oti ica contio^irjiHiUc unitnti- 
^uem^uc rctincre rcUquai omoc^rcs fu/it 
^'undfi ci autcrrur injuftcparscitum ali- 
qua, (icir cou:itig:t aoUc accept^rc par- 
cem d^jiti pra:rcirrim eJti^uaui abfq; rcH* 
quoj nutimcY^^ro qum la ea pars offer- 
tur a debicorc mertto ciijto, & <i-i novo. 
ffovocaace ad iraoi modo icfl:Uucionts. 




4:4^ gj^*jfjfl XXXVI. 

iBjligno» & pLi vtrrunam corriipco. Er^o 
ftoo ceivet p^nus. DtiititJc crcditof ijc>^uu 
iivu novum )us rdiioDe jnjurtJL"> &. Ki»iti- 
liciti^i txcrcitaf advtri^is iplum.. UnJe ante 
^ p o Q: i n i uri a cn e (l ui c m j j s c^ iL o4 d q luri - 
liEatcm tcii fcd diTcrlum qatiad mtjivim 
iHim K^ibi^aili , & T4[iaco jutej vjiiatiu 

Ad 1. !n miurij hoocrfsalia long^ ^tfll 
ifoelL^, urcotligi poreltcj dtdts<|Ui::lt< 19, 
iircat>^qu^^l if.dc iratvira dccuudiitone 
hoDoris, CoafUrcatm ei Us locts houoiii 
& fdm£ icQUQtijri r^iHd^ miDimc poiTtj 
tiifi cum lucto fpicituali ^liuridc maiodi 
■Tcl fahcnn a;qmli 5 idqtie DcqucquojJ £0=* 
tmti > n e q u « q uoa d part cm . V dc q m ^ra- 
Tcm bonoris ja<£turam p-idiis eft, ualUin 
potell: valid^rcfutdieparccm rcflitutioDiSt 
rcu compcpfauonis^ ramcrfi ^\\% quanta.-. 
iibecparsDcquaquam redicuacur ab obli* 
gaco ad cdtalem compcnracionem. Ac ia 
lepecuaiariaporeflcredicornoUcaccepra-^ 
leparccm debici rejuD^ani a parce alcera« 
& Hccc ip(i carertincerimcocaquancicacc 
ob concraiiam naturam» 8c condicionenx 
icipccuniariajrubftancismagis Hbcra; ca- 
jufquc faculraci quoad ja^lucaoi tcI a* 
ftualcm cjus dcfcAam licicura rcfped»;i 
daniiilftcau, QjaL^t^ cc^^^t^^ ^A2L^^<lctite': 



AJ |,,Nc|;atuj (imjhrcr pofTc Hon acce- 
ptarj a Dco parretB officii qus perlolvitur- 

J^hilis j atquc-firri nciD poteflj u: iton pla- 
Cfac Dcro quod (.rc bonum & l^udabilc 
quaccrnas bonum U laudiibifc efljiqDea 
aucem idem eft accepCiirc bona opcia no- 
ftra i cadtmq illi pUcec<^* Nod ica fc tcs^. 
hab^c ia voluLiracc homiuis c^uoid pccu- 
niaSi quarum viddicct ^iars pottA validc, 
& licitcDon acceprarij fi offcraturrcjuuda 
ah ahcra paiccxquefibi dtfbira* Conccdi- 
Itir igicur iimiliccr hic ctiam aiuccedcns, 
& UiTgarur confeqaciicia, his tan^en non 
obflaacibus nou ci^ urqiicadcorepiobaii- , 
4z coDcraria fentcnria circa teflicucioDcniH 
dcbitamprjtciscraciooc tei iDcalpabiticcr 
accepraf» Qu^ia tiou milicjc pro hoccTcntu 
couficmario fnpccius adjunfla \ ncc fua^ 
damcncuEn ptiQcipaUafi^tifi adc9 C9fld.i^' 



^^ 



1 



44« . 

Q^VJE STI O XXXVll. 

ytrum imfotens refiituere i» prafri^ lenm 

te»eMtur fuffUr^ ex htus Ah§rims, 

geturis, 

VIdet VR ceaeri. i. C^'.iu ab([ir'<taa 
e(l eam qui furatus eft obotun» obli- 

gari adreparaadatndfa^mAamilUtccimi 
cam^aucem, qtii occidic homi»em>ad Bt« 
hileadeeaufaccQeri. Ad nihli auctm te- 
oecttr, ii aulla eiTec obligacio fupplendt ex 
b6aisa1certasg^eaeri&. Q^a Tica ^ottiiiii 
tflt inepacabilii ia proprio geaece. 

1, Qai aon poceft reparare adcqaaci 
t«cam damonnn ilkcum in rc pecuaiaria, 
DonLpropcereaezcurarara^rcflicucioneejas 
parets, quamezhibsrepoce^. B^go neq^ic 
is qui \xC\t in hoaore & CaFure, & non po- 
te(l facisfaceoe in proprio geaers^ezcufa- 
bicur a parce reflicucloais per pccuaias» 
quarcnas eam exhibsre pocerir* 

j.PareO: judez ralrem ez arquo, bono 
prxcipcrc, ur fiic compenratio pcr pccu- 
aias pro honorc& ranicarcquatenus ipfi 
Yifum fucrit, qumdo non poccft (icri rc- 
pacacio damnt in pr#prio gencrc. Ecgo 
hoc ipfum comTtitci poruic arbitrio !«- 
deaiiSj^ CC& <|^iiidcai pocaiC|Credeadjm cft 



iXtrefittUt.tn fiUo gtn- 44^ 

cotnfniffum itafaiffc dc fado cx coinunf, 
ic oaturali homiQum c6fcnfu, ne frc<|uca- 
ccr accidcrer» uc iojuft^ Izfus omni pLorfu» 
compenfacionc carcrct, & ne impoccntes 
ad rcfticucndum in propriogeacrc pcrge- 
rcntinjudcageieabfquefxazna. 

R.Eona cjufdemgenerisdicuntur, qoat 
liabcnc menfuram aliquam communem r 
divcrforum Tcr6 generum quas calem mca- 
furimDullam babcnc; niu force purc ar- 
bicrariam, %c quoad aliqucm circdum: ^ 
non vcro quoad jrqua!ica.ccm Acithmcci- 
cam, feu rci ad rcm rcducantur immcdiac^, 
& fecundum fe. Inquiricur jam an q>m in- 
famavic aliquem , auc dehonoravic, nec 
poted, feufamam,fcu honoremin proprijb 
fpccie rcparare, ccncarur aliquid & quaa- 
rum pccuniarum repeodere; & fimiliter^ 
an & quancum auc pccuniacum > aut fa- 
ma? , hc honoris rcpendere dcbeat qui 
pcrcudic, aut miicilavit irrcparabilicer, 
aucoccidic j eademque e(l ^uxflio de re- 
paracione pccuniaruiu pec augmcntum 
honoris, auc fanitacis, 

DicendumcftcumLcfrio, & atiispluri- 
bus neque pecunias pro honore; nequc 
cardcm, vcl honorem pro vica & faniracc 
deberi ulla cx partc, Quia vero eadem 
osrinino vidctur efle ratio dc cfmpcnfa- 



45» fiHAfih xxxvri; 

tioQC pecunutum pcr hoaorein>aut (knu 
tatem y dicicur UQiferfalircr iaipoteateni 
reiticuerc iB prbptio geatre r ad oullaui 
piorrusrcftitutidQein teneri (iire^^» Hc-aa- 
tc renteatiam iudicisioquamdircAc Quii 
maaifcftumcft infamancem. 6c percuciea- 
tcm, ac •ccidcntem ceacri ad reparandua 
totum daroaum pccuaiaxium iode eincc- 
{eo^; NeCBoatocum lucrum ceiTaDS cam 
.xcrpcAa jnfamari, feu percuflij quam tc- 
fpcdlu qaorumlibcc ^aliotum adquof die 
f\ivt pcrriAcrciit ejus pecuoia: quateoas 

ricrriucxciit dc jure, & ooa folum ca libcia- 
icacc ejttc>qtii inmediace paflTuscft iojo» 
tlam. ProqiiarezdimaDdaeftcciam pru« 
dcflcerQ>cB iQcerra lucri, dcpericulu dam* 
fti. Di«irur riuiu» aocc icQCcauam iadi« 
#S QuLaceiciimfimilicer e(l poiftCQarbi- 
triojuLdiciscjurqucjuffiooecircacompea- 
facioQcm facicadam pro iniqria pcrWona 
divecn gcoeris, cencci io confcicncia coa- 
dcmoacum ad exhibcdam quancicacem ab 
co decermioacam, G. quidcT^ prxcipic quod 
j-uxcaleges.conducicadbonumcommunc» 
& ademcQdarionem iQJuriancis,acque ad 
lenimencum doloris in pacicnce. 

Hisigicurprzfuppofiris prnbacur derc- 
liquo conclufio a nonnullis, Quiaquan* 
lulacasDc^ue ^^uV^tL^iv^> ^ C^Imus ^rac- 



I 



poDJerae quibuUts (1itjui£> ic proiatle 
n«lla eriam miniina itUrum j^dtuil potelt 
pcr iilas un^mm ad arqaaliiatem com» 
pcnfari , vcl ertAm^ cx panc, qiiia nullt 
djLtm pirs tocius iiirEiDrifcc icpugr^tnns, 
Vbi auccm rqualLcas cJk impolHbLtis per 
fc, auUus cfi locus iDtcQMoni juiliiijc 
tcndcLUES per omat^i ftios adus, rt\ id 
conrcivaftJam, Ttl id icfarjLiiaafi aequa- 
luitcm adx^tiate fi pofliti Tlp miaus faU 
tcm iDidirqu^ice. 

Vccum hactracio £ qtiid pTojjarec, coq- 
tludcrec plane, tcI Bullaai iniuriam «c- 
euiique magmam in rt pecuaiaria eife le» 
thalirer peccaniBo(aro> tcI qaamliket iit* 
CTimque Ictmi e#Bcra hmmmttmt §l faltt- 
tcm 'efTc fttfficirDtcin nd UrkaU. Q^a 
l^iiod c(l aaaius co quoA fiifficic ad lccka- 
lc, fttfiicicDS plaae eiVad lcfhalcs infuii- 
cteiis Ter6 quod eft miaus» qttam.qaol 
cft infufficicDS. 

Deindr, ut qujcvis pars minima hoao* 
ris 8c falucis prapponderecahfolute quibus- 
Tts diTitiis in ordioeadfulcimum> aut ai 
aliquemalium finem i cerce nou praepoa- 
derac in ordincad pcrmovendum animum, 
6c quoad vim diflohuivam mucuae bcne- 
ToleQtix-,& focietaciscivilis, Patctenim 
magaum quoad hxcmorjcaiuccv t^^ ^^* 



t 



51. gyijfw X^XXVII. 

cumin pccuniis ; & fn pUrifcjue homini- 
busmajbrcm doloris, & itae (cnfam exci- 
tari propcer magoam iUac^m jaduram, 
quam propcer levem infamackoneiB $ auc 
percunSonem. Ncque yer6 eft per acci- 
dens xjuoad humanas commutaciones» 
quod picrumque evenir> edqae confDrnie I 
judicioiac appecicionicomuni. homifiuai 
circarespnefercim naturales» nulUque fi« 
€t2 fuppoficion^^tirct iogulos accidentali* 
Cum ergo jufticik eam ia finem iaiiiie- 
diate relpiciac» ac li^uccea quaeft. xt. pt- 
teC) quoe ad han.e virtucem attioec» DOtt 
przpondcrarc quamlihet pattem hancris» 
(k, falutis quibttsvis divitiis « iais.podre 
aliqua» iftarum quanticacete aticai ilfa- 
rum gradui pra^ponderare i eaque racio« 
ne; neri uc aliquv injuria: adverfus ho« 
Dorem , 8c falucem finz leves acvenialcs» 
aliqux vcr6 adverfus iivirias (inc e coa* 
Ycrfo gravcs ac Uchalcs. 

Apparcc praeccrca cx his infuffici?ntem 
fimi1ircre(fcquandam aliam aliorumpro- 
harioDemabiiiconveDienci, Ez quo vide- 
licec, quia fi dcbervitur compcnratio pet 
boda alccrius gcncris, iierct uc, pafTira de 
paupcrafccrcnc homines, S: quam facilli- 
ITIC fx magnis forcunisdcciderenc infuni- 
mam aviCciuai|,it<ldLccciLCurq^ue infeiices 



De reftlt. in alio gen, 4 f j 

propter culpas admodum Icves, quia ia- 
fainationes, dchonoracioncs , ac pcrcuS- 
fiones Itves (unt adnNodum frcqucntes, ac« 
que ed difiiciliifnum ab iilis omninoab- 
ftinere, Efl ver^ farpc impoflibilis com- 
penfatio illarum ada^quata in prop;io ge« 
nerc, ac proinde frequcDtcr iicri dcbcrer, 
per pecuni^s ', & cum nulls, aur vix ullas 
ad.-cqucnt jadluiam utcunqueparvam ho« 
iipiis & falutis, fequcrctur inconvcniens 
propoiicuiti. Vnd^ ulteiius ficret, ut plu- 
xes fponte, daraque opera cxcitarent rixas« 
Bt provocarent proximos maxim^ pcca- 
jaiofos ad iram Kocanimo,ut accepta 10« 
juria paiva in honore vel faluce accipe- 
rcnt deinde iu compenfacioncm vim ma- 
gnam pccuniarum. 

Apparcc inquam probationem iflaai 
lioneflefufficicutem. Quia jam ©ilcDfum 
efl fummam pecuniarum non ufqueadco 
magnam, & quse non fufificiatad mutao- 
dam notabilicer fortunam kominis pofTo 
quoad frncm intcntum a juflitia praepon- 
derare parvae |a^ura; honoris, ac falutis, 
Idquenen Icviterconfirmat poflrcmapars 
inconvenicntis propofitidefrequcntiam- 
bitionee^urmodi injuriarumprohabcndis 
in compenfationcm pccuniis* Neccnim 
fccqucnti ambicioni cxpQficum efl> <{uoi 



414 .fiuifts0 XXX.VIL 

nktnasxftimacurjComparacioDceiasqaod 
«dimarur plus juxca comnaunein ac tuI- 
garem hominum appreciaciooem. Qjij^ 
<|uoiL.Deucra ex bis racione probatar no^ 
pofle bonore, & faluce compeoGiri iDJa* 
tiam fi£^am in pecuniis ; de quo caaitta ea^ 
iem dcbec elTe rario» 

Lcgicima igihu probacio conclufionts 
c(l. Quist non diverlorum geoexum n«a 
poffuncfibi invicemfubf^itai inordiaeai 
placandqra aniraum^ & ad rcilandum iraM 
provenienrem ez jadlvra ucrorumTis .eo* 
rum. Adkusenim erg^iunumgeuusdiTec* 
ti poteft; mioui,auc auferci nonpoceftex 
affcdu ad aliudgVnus > ideoque aeacrafliL 
locoalccrius f ibintraicpotcft^pro cempc- 
rando, ac rcordinando afFc^lu. Nempa 
quod i^hilorophus djxit 8. cj:h. 6. in^pojjl^ 
lile ejl flures intense diligcre ] oprimc D# 
Thomasq. y.denialoi quar cfldcpcccato 
Tcniali,art. i.ad ii. rcflrinxit ad amorcrh 
eiufdcni rarionis. Neccnim (t quis habeac 
inultosamicos,propccrcaminus diligicfi- 
lios,aut frairci, (i vcro difFundac amoreni 
in pliircs, auc filios, aut fracrcs, minus fia- 
gulos diJigcr. Ead^im rationc finguli ami- 
ci diiiguntur minus ab habcntc plurcs !• 
micos. Viidc provcnit, ucdolorem dc ji- 
ituia uaiasauc filii, auc fracris auc amici» 

^«fic 



poffic abolcit; alius aur frjccrj aat Hliiu,- 

lorrm dc ja/tmifilii aui fratris arricusilli 
fubfticucus & fit; de c;eccni fjufjmoiij. Si- 
milircr ergo doloteitij & iianri conctfpram 
cic jai^ur^ ialuus^ aboLeie npn potcll lio* 
notis fnhlluutio i nci^uc fubAFtUfio pc- 
cuoiarum tam,tjit^ coficcpt:i dl cxji£laTa 
famz I & hc>noris, aut c convfTfo» N,c€ 
enui^ miniTs h^rc iiifrt ie cifffcrunf, quani 
jlla alia, livct^ui>3{i rnti-atcs, & piafdicaca 
ciTcnnaliaj five quoad lirtliratem in ordi- 
ne ad fincm proximumj fic immcJiatum 
cujufqnc jllortim, Can^ cr£;o}uO:iTii; finis^ 
Ut di£luEii cft, Ht cnnrcrvano iociccaris ci* 
Yilis, & corfsmucis pacis, ac tranquillita- 
tis^cum dipulfionc irse &c difcordiarumi 
BarctnccpccUBiAshonori^ncqucbooorcitt 
iknitaui aut c convcrlo fubftitui pcr jofti- 
tiani poilcci tiatuia reii licct per aUas yir- 
turtsfubfticui utcujriquc poflint. 

Confirraatu: validchicdifcurfuscj Pht* 
lofopho cap. f . buiu^ quinti pof^ mcdiuoi« 

rsth ne, neq w ep trm u tJt th fne£ fstalrtM tff^m^ 
"^fue *qt^Alitas fifft cbmmuni fntnfur». Ai ca 
miae Inut divciC j^cneris mododi^tojCom- 
mup.c menhivam Qullam habent, ur liqneC 
(Exdcfinicioncitticio ptaeiiiiila, qui^efl: co- 



4T« fijMifiV^XVlI. 

tnants otnniu audorii^&pr^tecea aah 
qaamqutrquamdefiiaicnc qaoctis hon 
gcadiis.auc (fux pectioiaEf quanticas bc^« 
tel ocuium adziflicc» cadein^s eft caci 
pecaaiiii» Sc honore snierfejCcdUcis» £ 
a£tus]afticia: ob)edu:faaini& fvopuii 
. ftire incerha^c excrema aallb pado po« 
AgooyjcPhilorophusrbideiiiqaami 
diffictle inTenire arqaalicacen^ fnccc 
tam divecfasinccT fe» quam funcea om 
^'uxveniancincomniacacioBem tz cl 
SDunt hominam confenftt) 4ic anima^ti 
res inanimaca: i Sc camen n^ceiCp^ 
eam inYeairci uc elfec locus.aliqi^tt c 
cicio juftiiiai, st^Me n quidem virM, j 
jungit fieri nefteit, Htea, quk ndcediffer» 
tonveniant commtmi meti/ifira } Mttamez 
digenttA rati$ni fntisjieri foteH, Hoctfl 
folute& fecundum fe non poffunc a< 
qualitatem redigi, qua; fpccie> imoft 
nere di(Fcrunr« Comparative camen & 
lateadind»gentiam homfnfspofruncr 
giada:()uahrarem>5c (ic cerminare a£ 
juftitia} commutacivx. Ergo quaec 
que ad cam perrinencocccne eft uc o 
mtnem ejufmodi mcnfuram fnbirc | 
fiQC. Ac ncque uUus honor indigent 
falutis cx. g. quar cft ex dcfe^u brac 
fie^ac iadigtaiUov auiafyis ei his i 

1 



e adislijaarc pofrunc r neqne uUI"^ 
lut bopof uUui indigehtiaiti pc^-'^ 
m» ^^^^ ititcr kxf commuiiti^' 
itiEim ititUuaf itiEcretdefe aequa*^ 

Grmitiif tdtfai ez comm^ni hciiai^' 
afyb 0^^^^ <|<^^ tflfkmaYit , auc 
tir» aut fmtacas eftj S^ f oftea vuft 
:re obt igat i o ui c o la fcietir i ^ » co q a • 
imicparaceiiOfiorandamederi ?uU 

cantuadem pectiaiarum repoueic. 
i id aJTeciui fioji polHt, nee^ue mc<^ 
i^it pEo hou orc i u cque ho oore pro ' 
, nequc fccunii^ pro aherurra ct 

periDde coQuaiercitiacqit< li ui'*' 
fus agcre poiTet in favorem cius» 
utoftiaiuriam. Ergohicefl com« 
,\omiAum feufus inditus k aatu- 

ifi commutatioucm , & mutuam 
compcnfationcm veuirc miuimc 
Egitur imp«tciisrcflituerc iu pro- 
lercj noB rfuerur cx natura rci 
! ex ^onis altetius geneiis qiiod 
gatiojitmi ac virtutcm juuitix 



p Abfurdum id vidcri porcfl, cui 
m vidcri potcric pro obolo dcLDcri 
faciooem 5cqiu!em> pio rira vcr6 
i fimilcm vomfcfauoatva^c^rvi^ 



£tfi/itf XXX VIl, 
^ jticeiEi; i*Qo dtbcitir, Hocertatfc 
^UMud vidc^j potciV noQ cogDotccnci n 

|l^ damtAc pcaJtusiQcoLEipcDtabih 

^, fl, alta vcio icicompcniabiha p 

f^i SpUtiignorc^mj& laoitaicai^ati;) 

c, rfo. Sci^^cid aiucm Ihc, & a^Ti 

tcati p lIU appati^i abfartiuas iu hjc di 

^riiiai « u ippaicc iD cc, c]ut 

. qui&viac-, rj:uiircu[umi& ucTf 

lium., I allius uiihcAccdi 

fliucr*; p-, : corruiKpcsc poXEi 

SoapoiTUi. i >nfj^ut u^cmbri jj 

^urampaci pto ^_j cjufmodifoccca] 

j;i£lutavi in picciuoi 4iedui.cutio fubvcui 
iibij & iic thh tcbuSj quLt>us Indtgci pr< 
iridcie> cum boaoij £c mcmbia lint boi 
(aairxiACuiurc{Uejqu4mc|UYhkci;ihi, 

A(l I. Couccdo aLUCCcJcDti ac|;aii 
ftippofltum coDlequcnti^, ocmpe tiap] 
tioBcm pccuniaiuQ} po^Tc tff^ partcm ctm 
l^eDlatioiyis pio jaftuij Kouuiis aut lil^i 
liSi quia pais dicuur ^wod coni^o^tit; 
<um 'AliAt vcl aliis partib\:» poccll compl^ 
xctotum, OlUufum jutcmtil iiulla pec> 
atjiuffi additioDe compcuEau polfirjicVr 
famliC^iions ad a^qu^ihTatemjnolhio; lif 
|U)LCJi&u£ttii^Tecuyj4trum, e^iiduii^^; ci 



r^tionem dc ialucccoiTipararacamu.trovis 
cx illis exrremo, id ordine ad finem fpecia- 
!em qucm refpicic jufticia. Nihil igicu): 
horum cii: pars compCDfacionis ian.x» ac 
xeparacionis pro damno iliacoi quoad ali- 
quLd aliad corundem : (icuc qyaelibec 
quancitas pccunia; cciam mioima eil par» 
cuiuslibec alccrius cciam ma^cima: ob rar 
tioncm coiitxariam> & mibifeftu eft cum^ 
qui dcbet totora ahquod, debere fipgulas 
parces eiufdem totius iavicc/n feparat>iles» 
acxiUmabilesfcorfim i idcmq; dicitur dc 
f artchoDOiis, & de parte faotcacic. 

Ad|« Copccditur antccedeD£>^ Dega" 
rur coDfeqacDtia. Qu^ia iudicis arbitriuia 
DOD iDiqui> tft prudeos, & uaiforme rc* 
fpedu omiiium. Aibicriumauremfinga- 
lorumergafingulos civesuhra imprudea* 
tiam, qiiae plerifque ioeft> forec admoduin 
difForme>pro pcquifqueafFedlusencr crgl 
UDttmquodquc gcDUS boDorum. Vndc 
frequencer fierer>ui CQmpeofaas plurimum 
aliis* patum admodum ab.ahisin compen- 
facionem acciperec> & vice verfa. Vnde 
uhcrius fiercr>ucamofciufticias>& arqua- 
licatis aperiretur via maiima; ae valdc no- 
tabili ioasquaUcati^ & iniuftitix > aique 
inverfio potius ordiais> quam ordo cou- 
gruas iu rcmp ablicam induccrc^tiU^» D^-^ 
V 1 vaAi^ 



4<fb Slif^ft^o XXXVII. 

indc noluDc honnaes fai hoDorjs ac falo^ | 
trs nzClimacioDcm cuiafvisproniircuealcc* 
tius hpminis, maximc tei& iniutiofi ac*] 
' biiiio commicccr?. 

Demumquidquid hec eirec.compciifii^] 
tionis lion perciDcrecad vircuccmjufticiari 
C^i^a ooD petcinercc ad arqualicacem, aac 
tocalic^r, aut parcialicer coniticucndamj oc 
ciidliim cft, Nct(uc vcri Vel ipre)u.dcxcam 
ioceoiic, quia noa iiiceodic ^u«d eft im-^ 
f o(nbij.e> fcd iDducicooTum jusaAiTom 
in favoreni Ijc/i, & adverras la^deorcmjac* 
que is qdi IxCiz parendo ^udici c«Bfticutt 
arqualisatem non rerpe^u damni illatij 
fcd rcfpedlu ciufdem jurisnoTi. Implora- 
turDimirum ofticium judicis noDadabp* 
lcndum fenfum doloris, ic ux fuborcum cx 
jadura in uno |;cnerc pcr lucrum in alio 
gcncrc 3 fci ad cius doloris divcr(i.ODem« 
^ aliquale folarium. Bona coim diTcill 
generis valcnt inviccm ad divcinoDcm a- 
jiimi^ Sc ad aliquod cius co modo leai- 
jnentum. Hoc vidclicct pado amici , uc 
co cxemplo concludacur hxc qua;(lie, cz 
quo capcratcum D.Thoma cius rcfoluv 
tioi lcniunc jadluram conlanguineoruo^*! 
'ic pcccata venialia, liccc non (inc opp*« 
iira charitaci^ minuunc camcn fcrvorcm 
ciuS) ikom K«aiovcado diicd^ aaimum il 



n 

u 



chaiicatc,aatlba1iqiie^ciusgMittU, Tcd di- 
vcrcendo, & fic impcdiehdo ejns cxerci- 
num , ac inrenfioncm, ut docct codcm 
ille in loco > D. Thomas. 

QJT JESTIO XXXVitL' / 

yirum ex )ui6cio timerarh refuUet oelii^i^ 
ti$ fefiituendi. / 

VId B T V 11 nod riifpttarc. i. Q£i.a tii- 
tclicfiuseftpociencia aeceflaria, icieo** 

qac noh potefl non judicaie de uno 
q^uoc|uereeundum indicia \mx Ytdec.Quae* 
aucein BccefTario aceidunc, nuUa impli- 
cant obligacione audborem adionis. ' 

2. Vidttur nunquani poflc fuboriri ob- 
ligatienein {alcem gravem reflicucndi cx 
ullo judiciopure incerno. Qniaquaclibed 
injuria excerior ncccc magisquamquasU- 
bcc cxiftimacio purc intcrna, uccumqac fi- 
aiftre judicantis. Suntaucem in)usia: ali- 
^uae cxccriorcSjufquc adco lcves in omni 
gcncre, uc aullam inducanc obligacionem 
jj^-^Tcm» Ergo nullxinjuria: purcinccreasr 
falenc iilam inducerc. 

}, Rcfticucio infticuicur ad fedanrtam 
iram injuriaci, ucque rcdcac priftina pix, 
|( bcAevslencia mucua. lv\j\ii\x ;)lvix.v.v^ 
V 5 *v>»^\.«^-. 



iat fiiri/w« xxxriil 

McernacncccTcicarc iram poflant nee 4il« 
fpWere paccnt,& bene^ol^tiam matiiafiK 
Quia dium func pure intemae non poffaoc 
inDotercercinjariato. Ergorattottc inf»* 
rix pure intecDat nuUa eii neccfiari'a9.mii- 
laque diebctar reftitutio. - 

R. Poftexamen iBJnriacani arceriorom» 
qtix funt notiores^ ac manifeftioEes,.fac« 
cedunt jare foo injariapparc intctss» qo» 
funt occjalciores>re<lignn^aryec&ad jnidi^ 
cinrh remcrarium» fufpicioBcmy firdabica- 
tionem temcrariam ^ atqac tria funr ciita 
ipfas commaniter recepta apud< ao^orca 
cnm D.Tlioma q. j6«. att. |. 9c 4» Primom 
ctft judicium temerariam. de pcccaro gravi 
proximi cH: pcccacum grarc intaftitiz, 
Quia Isdic ipfum graviter inhon^ce dc* 
bico homini cx fua natttra> & nondam a- 
-oiiiro pcc fufficicntem manifcftationem 
jnalitiaeipitus. Ec prxcerca difpoaic cfil- 
cacitcr iudicantem) ut agat eztcrius coa* 
scmpcibiliter cam iudicato, Ac demum 
fi peccacum, de quo cemcrarie iudicatari 
St offenfivum re(pc£Va indicantis» ut rc- 
fped^u marici adurccrium azoris^refpeda 
donacarii, ^ amici mala incentio donan* 
tis» & amicabilicer agcntis, idcm iadt« 
^ium d\ffo\x*u ^rcvvcuiam, tutbat paceraf 



DulU illi relidla poteitatc 96. avrrrendiTm 
lantnmmahim, Q^iis cnim occludct adi* 
tum ccmeritaci iuHicandi, Mrcumque brne 
ac circumrpe^c operetur, Aut quomoHo> 
^afcfretnr fuodamentum iudicaoili i^iiS' 
canti fine fundamento. 

S«cundum eft ; (ufpicio peccati etiatmj 
gravis eft peccatum levc ex gencrc fuo». 
Q»naobdebilfm & facilcmobilenn adhap- 
iirthem cenfcrut cxfguum proximis raa- 
]um,nnn fecusaciudiciumfirmumdepec* 
catolevi. Qjuantum cnlm demitnr in hoc 
indicio ex parte obiedli, taotuodem ilcmi* 
turin fufpitioneex partecognitionis. 

Tertiumcft: Dubia interprerandafuniC 
in meliorem partem. Quia quilibci in da- 
bio eft c©afcrvandus in poirefljonc natn- 
raliter (ibi c<»nveBientc beoi nominis, 9c 
famx. Nec folum rurpceft aliqueraabea 
pofrc/TIone deturhare abfquc ratione co- 
gcorc, rederiam indignum cum iudicaie» 
qui in eadem confcrverurpoftcive. 

Judicium porr6 temerarium cft ex D, 
Tboma ibidem cum Angnftino defmitivm 
^ firma fentsntiti nitens ievibtt^ indiciis^ id 
eft , eft affenfus petfcdlc deliberatus con- 
▼in<fVus cum volnntare non ioquirendi 
tmplius vericacem, & ooerandi interim 
depeadenccr abea coguicioae> id<\ue &tv<i 
* T4 <t>aAi^^- 



.464 fi«iij^>.XXXVin. 

fiui(iAmentoiu£cicnc) ^d probabiliracccn. 
Quale fundaR^enconEi cAi ^nod plctam< 
.quc non fjiUit»&cai abrolucc cr fua ita-l 
tura ^ifficilitts eft 4ifietinri , aut o^n '^(A 
fentixi>qaain afleotiri, Inqnam vcro oco I 
hahensfandameBtinn. fu6'Kicsapollcnoft 1 
tx fignis pccu)iariba& datis a judicaco, 
Qoia indrcimn a priari tx iiBicnhitc in* 
,iiocenti«» lc cz naajari pwmcro malorum 
^" ^liominnm» ic letlulttcr peccantiitm eon 
•cft libei;ai|i )a4icAt«» $c tdcmnjunHum 
.ctim pofibilitAtc» ac fpe atiqua ri ^ori^ 
co commcjD^abilioxis, (]io major cft iif- 
ficultas TinccnJailc mip«r numcttts Yia* 
.centittfll* Nemt tutcni condemBaiidbt 
cftex eo> quod non cft fibi liberiimj bcc 
fpeliandus mairtmo honoie» duA cft U« . 
ber ad ejus meritum. 

Sufpicio eftjudicium adm#diifn debilc 
accedensmazim^adpuramdubitaxionmj 
ic conjttn^um» cum voluntate ampliai 
inquirendi» necprocedcDdi iarctim ad •* 

Sus« Dcnique dubitatiocft rufpeofio ja* 
icii direfti in ucramque patccm. Intcc- 
prei^tio-ejus fn meliorcm partcm fit pec 
judiciumreflezum adhxrcusi^i^Qitaci ho* 
minisfecundumfcadintegricatcm fuiho* 
' liorisjdum non adeftratio cogcDS iti con- 
Uaiiim. fiz hxs i^icur c#ncluJitar judi- 



(Ciam ectnerariuni dc peccato gravi projfi- 
^ mi f.nidarcobligationt? gravem redicaen- 
" dscocccra nonnifi lcvcm pcrfc, &c cx (ua 
j nanua, Quia juxta meoruransiinjuriasre- 
■ fultac obthgatio proportiooalis rcfticuea-. 
iii> ut didbum efl fupra tn geDcrc. 

Adi.Lip»tintclle£lus jfit poreDtiaexfe 
fiCceifaria^ efl tamen ita fubordiaata vo- 
l^acati., uc poHtt &c(ki itx aczamvis par- 
cem> ccrce poffic iihpediri^^uo minus al» 
terutri ^ifentiatuC} dum pro neucra appa- 
xet ratlo evideos^uci certiflim^ noaappa» 
rccpro judiciocemcrario.. . 

Ad 1. Ex fuadameiico primse conclu* 
fiociis»-^ exempUs ibi.p{opoficis cjernituc 
maoifedc ju4ictum ioternum de peccaco 
gravi prozimi plus illi nbccrc, quam fn*' 
juriamcxterioremlcvcm,atQucperTculuni 
fnagaorum malorum clt iplum fccundam 
femagnum malum,*iiVtttffcsbonorum, & 
idin quolpfacontinentur taciquam in ra* 
diccjcompucaturintcrbona minim^cocvr 
tcmnenda. Apparuit auf;em ejufroodieirg 
judicium temcrariam«. 

Adj. Rcilitutio inftituitnr aon folmn 
ad fcdaadamirain acf^ualcm, fed ctiam ad 
^ufereadamfundarocntum>& occaiionem 
ipiius, ii nGtcfcerct pa^icnri tnalum qac>4 
ci accidic CQncra jus fuum« Qupd jus. 
Y5 "^^ 



inrVccodu n di-nnuni , Sc ^i rcpaiantlum, 
toctflauim ilbnim fuerit. Ira vcio , ^ ocr^ 
tutbit*o menfijrac iniurum ^ravtrm , &1 
licvcm cj fuppotitioric, qa©d innotcfccc, 
Tddiciam auxcrn cemcrnrimn de peccac6 
g[dviba.bct vtm vicicindi trim dilfalLjiif 
tanfi mntu .ie pacts, ac bcnevolcad^ cx fup- 
pofitiotie quoc' " arti^'-" ic iudicito, Rc- 
rnltatigicaccK ^'' io icditucocii c- 

tiam itJum roant'^»' ■■-tnamuon (tcas 

acci iujunisext :t\ c{u^ eciamipf^ 
fxp^ (uot ignoCdc jj^ac 

QV jE S T I O XXXiX. 

yjTUm Frjtcepfttm refik^ffftdt fii negsti^umm^, 

fifUlAnsfimferM (^pr&fempir ? 

VId E T V II cffe affirminrauii, Q^i». 
nooprxcipicomifliacicm « fcda^io* 
nem i t^uipp^rciliraci» confii^ic in z* 
Qionci ic peccacum non rcttirucu4o com^ 
faicticucDihjl ficiendo^VndtJcam praccep* 
Tumafficmicivumobligct quidem femper, 
»oQ tamen pto fcmperjviilcnjr pixceptaaci 
S^cttLcuendi nou oblig^te pco fcmpcr, 

i.Pf^ccpcum poiaitcnciaf & faiisfa^io* 
aiseilaffifmicivum occobligac fcmpcr^c 



r ' HYC^ecearutde «ovo & aon cxktbeafittir^t» 
f^ inibnttimfncdiar^fc^oenti ad peccatotif 
coTnmiflam. QuTCti comiriunts 8c Tcra 
i lcntentiaadfcrfuvPaircm Suarez & tfoii* 
tiullosaiios^ EHemaurenciquoa^ hoc ?i^ 
dccareflcrarioti^tcftjtunoncjqurfvideli- 
cet cfV gentis qtio^Mam pcenitenrix » & Oi* 
tisfadlionis , 5c hoc habct ctim uti^qtte c$« 
iniincj urdebG3turra'iooeiniutiaf. 

R. Dicendnm c'*- cnm Navarro , Moli- 
na , VAfqiicz, Mcdma, & aliis advcrfus 
Scotum Valenriam,LcfTi'jm, &aliospr3t- 
ceptutr» rcfticntionJs cfTt negari?iim , licec 
habeat formam , &conctpiarur ad modunm 
affirmativi , uri dicitD. Thomas qvseft, 
Ui. arr, g.ad i jQnia de ratione prarcepti af- 
fifmativieft.nt ei fansfi?ri,aureiasobliga- 
tio ctffare non poflitabique aliqua ajfl*one 
cjus,Tqui perilludabligarnr. Eiurmodi ao- 
tem oon eftprsceeptum' rcftiruendi. Qwia 
obligatio aufcrentis temalienain cpfTae 
eadcm readdoniinum urcumqne redettn-' 
t^. Porcftaucem ad dominum'redire*per a» 
Aioncmejuidem Domini, aut cujnslibt^ 
a1reTms,vcl eriam per fcipfam (i fit brutnfti, 
^aurfcrviis, nihij ororfusagcnre ,anr etiam 
volcnre,agerepcr fcvel peraiium eo, qui 

Rutfas uc irapleatur prxcc^cuOT.i^^-- 

\. 6 \scvCv^ 



,4$t ^tp0 XXXIX- 

niaiituniTcqtiiriciiradlio poKcIva ranouf 

/fuii uc vcro jmpieatui jir^cccptum ncgaii- 
Tumj vel Bijila rcquii^tuiadlio poiui-ra, 
TdrequinEutptsciscquaretiuseltitnpedi- 
liv^ahaiusa^ionis un^cBc , ucprxcepco 
poritiyoninsficri dod poflir, nifi pcr a£lio* 
ncfQ fecuDdum fc hsmcAam j negatiTo \t* 
Eorccundum fe praccise coufidciato fatji- 
&cTipofnrciiam persdioncm mminricKo* 
scAam rccundumfc 1 dummodo fuimpe* 
didva akerius a^ioeiis iuhotiefVas fecun- 
dumfcj & ctijusproiudcimpcdicjti fccuD^ 
d4im f e » S: quace&us impcditio 
tft> fithoncftaj Iftud vidcliccc cft Jifcn- 
mcnquiddiuchrumincerprxccpcum pcii- 
liTumj $c cie^atiTUmex quoalizomfics 
i n t er utru m q uc d i ffcrc utiar f ubori u nt ut. Vt 

. auccmfarisfi3.t prarceptoicflitucidifoluin 
xequiTiruradltopo^eiva quatcoias cfl im* 
pcdiEivaahcriusatftio^is, oimirumadici-» 
ni s rerett ti r X al icn a: , feu p cifeveia nt ix bu* 
juscjufdemailioBU^Q^aproptcrhuicpr^* 
ceptofrquiS faris£c« cjufqueobUgatio x* 
qu£ c:xtiagiiicur pci quamliber ;id:iouem 
impeditiTamdiiflaFrctcuclonis, fivchonc- 
liam five iBkoncftam fccundum fc iiit fi 
pccani.t furcivaeinfurRantuta furcdec^n- 
fenluDoirslQi coopEraadoipCifl opcrcfc* 
ca&daoi fc iEkQacllo. 




.Dtmuminrciitcncbjicgantcpurain oi* 
aii0ioACniliberanni qua^ (cnteiiuain »• 
;Acaruni tdcfrcveramia c|U£flioDibus de 
a^ibushumanis^quoivispiascepcum 6b- 
lieitadaUqueatadaiiim & aii omiffiooem 
alicujusalceriar; Sc diffcreticiaxonfiftir 
ttiirum Ln huct quo4 pr^ccpianiafficma* 
fivum obUgar decermiDat^ ad calem a* 
Aiim>&iiidccerm;Qat^a4omiffioiiemca«* 
lisakcriLisadtuifjcompoffibjlis cum prio» 
lijCcrcc obligatdjm majori dccerrainacio* 
Bea£lu£qaamomiffioiiis:prxcepcun)Ter& 
jS^cgatitum c coucra obligat decermina« 
E^adomiffionemtalis adus» & adadum 
omiffiTum non nifi indecermiaace; vcl 
cerc^ cum minori decerminacioae, Praree- 
ptumnamque negaciyum obligac cancum 
Tag^quancueftdefeadquemlioeccQJusli- 
becgeneris a£tum incompofiibilem eura 
omiccendo } & decerminace adomiccen- 
dumcalema^um: affirmacivumeconver^ 
{0* Praccepcum aucem refticuendi obligae 
decerminac^adomiffionema^ionisrecen- 
tiyae,& indererminacdad quemlibecadum 
incompedibilem} cumeadema^ioae re* 
tenciva. Solumnamquepodulacvageque^ 
Jibetcxa(5libusincompoiribilibus dirc6lc, 
Ycl indire(fbccuma(5lioDerecen:ivarei ali- 
cua:, Igicur hoc prarcepcum cft ncgati vum 



47^ g^ttfjHVXXXIX.^ 

lcipt; r»!>Ui^^*E noa fotum rcmpctj fcil 
eriim proicmiicr ; ncqtJeiUa q^iacllio pn-1 
fcflellc dc T0ce j «r nonniiUi djcaot ^ mi | 
apnd ignDtinre&ii^ni ftcacioiTCt: vocum , A 
dcftiiinoncsfrniTn fii^niftc.iianiii;?, 

AJi. Prarccprtim [tfljtucntii dtreflc, & 
per fcfobmprarct^it ©fnirtiociem j a^io- 
0cm retfc j ^el nulUm vcl prJfcis^ qaatc- 
»us eft impe<iiriva3 sa^ftioois Vndd 

reftitutiocannHit m ihter to 3^ron« 

liti plctnmquc fit , ns pra^ccpti ic* 

commcdaturcomm i ohediendi m<H 

do, Cxternm id dc de tircntii ejMv, 

IttationcFnrmaH j onfii^^tmtiho* 

nt, utaiftto fft ft>rmilrfci , fed iiteft omif- 
iio, & impcdicioalterius aflioni'?* Qif.*' 
propter peccatum non reftiruendr com- 
mirci quidcm poted nihil fjcieftdo dc no- 
^o 1 nnn lamcn nihil abfolutc facitndo, 
Q^iacomTnictinirconttnuandoafliriutm 
aufF?rcndii feurcnucniiirem aHeoam iuvi* 
fodominot Ncmpc pcccatum f iisnfH j 3c 
pcccarum uoateftiruendi , idcmqijcdici- 
tur i\iTV*nodo derelii^uis pcccaLts conrr* 
lurtiria'i« > diffeTantadcom modum , quo 
dtfFctuDt confetvatioj & primi prodi-iftii» 
ircijideftdifFeruntcitrinfeciftanciim.Vqrfe 
cplligicur ulrcrius, (icuc non commitu- 



1)# TfaetfH rpfihtmi 4^ x 

rei dienccam aotmofirocioas rnrra brete. 
rempukrciids!iidiriiiii^iliiDO abr«|iie alto 
quo cjin damiiO» ira non commiccijDOTQin • 
peccacnin diJRBerradoteftitactOaem / fi dif- 
feracur «om animo refticuendi protious». 
aocibcrabcetvc^pas> Bzorictir camten ri« 
lione tnor^ obUgatioreparandiomnedS* 
BOm confectirirm ad qnamhbec dilatio- 
n€ abrolor^ ailpltbtI£,JEft.aat6 dilatio «trl^ 
pabilisietiterquidcm» qua; cft cjtafatita. 
Oovi doloris , & itit paryx > ac Ut'\\i dc^o* 
nendaej graTitcr yct^ qu« cft catifativa no- 
Yidoloris, ScitaeinimicabiliSy.atquc difr 
folacivaabfolac^ matu« pacis» ac cran*». 
q uiHitacis juzca di^a qtia?ft. 1 7« 

Adi« Di^ameftt}a«:ft. lo.ptccataKo» 
minum non habcre tatioocm injuftitfae 
fimplicircr, & itri^^ralrsadvctfas Deum»,, 
atqueomniacjusprafcepca adnoftram, 8c 
ftonad ipHu^ ucilicacem ordinuri. IPrx- 
ecpcum autem dcporoicentia pcragcnda 
pro inftanti immediato ad peccatum , cum 
obligacione urgcncc pro omnibus > ^ (in- 
gultsinftancibus, nonccdcrccin noftram 
iKilicarcm > fcd potius in mazimum no« 
ftrum nocumcdtum.Si quidcm ezponcrcc 
omnvs vtllalic olerofquc cum maximoai 
fcrc inlupcrabili peiiculo novoru pcccato* 
xii.polltjuodvispcccacum, utexj^onctut 



47* -gytj^i* XXXIX- 

fufius in quziUonibas ^e pcenicciitu ^ 
Ncucrumaiiccfnhorumrepeticurjapeca ^ 
ciscommiffiscoDcrajura proximotuin.cii ) 
ca quesTerfatuf rc&icutio , uc Gicis pacccij ^ 
didisXupra. Qttodadfaivis&ditMcmac^ ) 
iict»iDnotaitjamqu«ft.ij*dir<tiaicaeii| ] 
arcfticutiones nequeullant.cireparicatea 
incerucramqi^e quoad pun^loai prxteMi 
jTed praeceptua facisfaciendt efle affirmaa* 
num»necobligarcprofempei; cuma4ct* 
ftitucionem teacaturquilxficpM omuitft 
qualibcc difFerenfia cempcuif* 

Tcmporircftitutionisanaefttcur co» 
municctloctts, dequoTizeftulla concro* 
yerfiadifptttabilisl cjufqttt cacio iiabecar 
folum ,aucfercpro rebuscorporalibus^ dr 
pecuQiaXlimabilibus.PofTcfiorbon^fidei 
fufHciCi fi rem reflitaat ia loco , in quo 
eam habe-c > ncc rcoecur fuis expenfis illaa 
aliocraducere. At pofreflor malx fidet cc- 
Beturrcmcoiolocoreponercpropriisfunv 
ptibus,ubifuturaerac, fi noninccnrenif» 
fctinjuria.Primumne innocens graTCCur 
ioboaisfuis obcommocium alienum. Sc* 
cundum , ut iaiuflitia roli naceac au^oci 
fuo,Qccinjuriam panfusiusaliquodfuum 
amiccac ob iniquicaccm alrerius. Qux au- 
rem dcbcntur cx contra^flu rcddcnda»funt 
ia locoj dc c^iio implicicc vel cxplicit^ 



DtprAcept^reftitUint 47 J 

ponY^ntum fuit.Quod li dubirct«r,ele<51io 
srit pencs debitorccn , utpqteliberum nec 
ligatumullo iurcrefco crcditoris pro ali- 
qao deccrmiflace loco tx lusiDterquos da- 
bicacur.Porroficreditoroon compareac in 
locO|flcprocenporelegitimo,debicorpa'» 
ratus quancum e(lezfead.foUendum noK 
priampliusin-moray nec ceaecat de uiU 
iamno fecuco ez dilacioae. 

QJliES TIO xt; 

Vtrum iitur MUquis hdo inter ohUgtitH 
sd reftituenduml 

VI BE T y R nullum inter e«s erdinem 
cflepefe i. Qui».^uicumque accipit 
dcbonisalceriusj ceneturdepaiceaC'» 
reptaindcpendcnrcr ab omnibnsaliis» 8c 
ibfque uUa relatione, aut«rdine ad ali- 
juem alium. Qui autem nihil accipir> 
idnihiltcnetur neque aatcalios> neque 
>o(l alios.Nemo enim ex injuflitfa tenctur 
lefundcre dc bonis fui$>ut alius bcne habe* 
Lt>utque redintegrec bona fua. Ergonua* 
|uamdaripotc(lordo aliquis prioris> 5c 
»ofteriorisintcr obligacos ad rcClituendii, 
z,Impo(fibiliscftorJoprioris, & pofte* 
ioris inter obligatos ad rcfticuendum, 
liii d^ACur pluresobligaci ad refticucn- 



474 Sm^* ^^« 

iameandemqTiaticuatem ei^cm pcifonM. 

ImpoiEbtle aueem cft plures eflfc obligatol 
ad reftitaen^m eaadcinaiiaacicateinal^l 
dem fdcConm, Ipde coim neret patieiittfll 
iojunam meltQs babere , arfieri dttjitoi;Hi> 
fc dcoarra aliqsosreftiriicBteidererSvt^ba- 
bcrci^fieri pauperioxes peft reftitttti^- 
Aem, quam aat^ iQjuriam., Quod aoli 

I»ennittit j uftitia. Coftftit ui t enifla- «qita^ 
itatem, . • 

H. Ordo rcftitaciools ex parre teftitfle» 
|tum c#mmuiMter praerctibitut . kis v^? 
fiboa. 

gurfus. 

PsrtscipMu, mutHs, n^n^^Jfsms» W0n 
manifejht^, 

Itoter<]40shie ordo ferYandaseft» ntprimo 
loco ob1ig<rocur, qiii p^/tciv^ cooperari 
fuQCad datnaum ; deinde qui negatiTd. 
Qajailli plus iRfl<iuncq<iain ifti ; Sc qni- 
demeo^euereexcc/Tus, ucliceconnaes ab* 
folucc fanc caufie morale$»quibu$ damoam 
illarum impucccurad culpim; camen ia« 
fluentes ntgatiTCcomparacione fafticum 
influentibus pofitivc viz Tideantac babere 
xationem caufop. 

Inccrinflucaces poficiv^ prima obltga« 



DiordineMS^v^ tefiit, 47^ \ 

liaberrationem infVrumeoti potins>quaBi 
caufae moralisqai imcdiateexeqaiturdamtf 
num; atque ^idctur velle in le faGiipetc 
totumonus, quijabet» &Tu]tagere> ae 
caufa princi palis five alias (it fuperior , fiT& 
Donfitfeaniquevoluncatem videcur pari- 
ceraccepcarc» qui vultagere ucinftntBieD'- 
tum fivecfretcxfeantecedenteriocliDatiis^ 
five non cfTet y lc fivc vclit (ivc nolit dam^ 
Dum proprio eciam odio ac ioiquirare. 
Poftjubcntem fcquiturcxcquens > ideih- 
queedabfoluteprimas, f\ a nemineiuiTus 
cxcquaturdamaum. Quja csteri coope- 
rances omnes fubmittunt ultimx ipfius de^ 
liberationi iltationem damni. Intcr ifloS; 
duoshoc prxtcrea difcrimen coalcifuitur» 
q^uod crcditorecondonante juffori ^ abfo- 
luiturcoipfoczecutor.Qnia hic cootiDe* 
curinille moralitereb rarioncm datam; 
non tamcn c conycrfe. Obquam fimilircr 
racioBcmjfi cxecurorrcflituac» uti debet,iK 
defeibum iufrorisacquiritur ipfi a^ia^^ad- 
▼crfusiu^orcra i nonautem cconvcrfo. 

In tertiumlocumfucceduDtex2equocae«. 
tetipotitivc influeDtes ; Confulcos nimi- 
rum primo , qui confilio promovic execu- 
toremaucjubcQCem ; eumue rcddiditau- 
daciorem:occ (uafioDem ,preces , aut quid 
Q^ile aJiiibuit jam fujciN^ca^^vs^ww ^^«^ 



fcalidamnl injulli fubrecanone. Sccob' 

jdo confcncicDS, ^dhibenfquc fuffragiutt 
prodananp injuftc infcrendo : Tcrtio pal* 
po> qai fiffiiiiier promovic cxcciuorcmj 
auc iulTorem pondcrando circumfliDtiai 
infefentis, ac pacie.ncis damnum nnagni" 
ficando ilium, acc^ue hunc vilipeadendo] 
quo aninius difponatur, ac alliciatur ad 
aggfeffioneni iniquam : Quarto i$ ad 

. quem pacuic recurruSjprxRicic^» pacroci- 
pium recipiendo domi daaiinificacoreiii u< 

. talem, au^ celaado damnum, & pecaniai 
iublacas, yel exercendo officium adrocaci 
^rocaufa cnanifc(l6 injufta^aucalioflmili 
mo Jo : Quinco participans fuIimioiflraa'< 
doinflraaencnai damnificandi phyficum 
Tcl moralc,rcddcndoaaim6{;orcmau6lo- 
rem principalcmdamni afliflcntia, dc co- 
mitatufuo/vel aiio (imiii modo eum ju- 
Tando, ac fovcndo opera» & auxilio noo 
fuperyacaneis ; ide(l nod calibus» quibu! 
etiam uon prxdicis iQfcrcndam nihiiomi 
nuserat damnum, vcl tocum tcI ex parrc 
Ncmpc auxilium hoc modo fupervaca- 
neum , feu non ncccflarium in nullo c3 
Isis gcacre oblii;at auxiliatorciii ad rcfti. 

'tuendum juxta probabiliorcm, & vcranr 
fcntcnriam. Quia eatanus auxilium c(] 
purc nnauuaLU , acc %&imacur a paticnc< 




pe ^rdlne aSive rsftit, 4yi 



>jn}ariam proirx lc 4iC<^<>T<ii^!^9.cs^ca« 

? to, fi fij[ prudcns reruJn atftjmatof. 

^ . Di^umaQtemeftcumplerirqueavdd- 

f* libus coocra Nayartum» 6c pauc«s alios^ 

^ iftosomnescenen ^xx^uo, Quialicecin* 

*! fiiizus eorum non fic efficaciae mailiemati- 

^ fc acqualis per fe, atque per acCi^ns fieii 

poffitj atquiTiseprum prxemiBeat.catte- 

! lis quoad loducendu cfFedum : ciifterentia 

f. tamen ida cfficacitacise{lexigua,& diffi- 

, -cile dircernibilis cum ccrcicudine falccm uc 

plurimu proptermaximaoi fimilicudinemy 

8c qux funcejurmodinihil ccnTcnrurdif- 

ferremoraIicer,reuqttoadjudiciuprudcnSj 

quando agicurde iBducenda uniTcrQilicec 

obligacionc aliqua. .Qua icidem racicne 

affirmacur cadcm arquahcas refpef^u effi- 

cacius, ac appoficius, & minus efficaciccr, 

^BC appofite fuadentis, jk confiliancis, & fic 

de cxceris proporcionalicer. 

C irca confiliu Sc confenfum duo fpecfa* 
lltcr obfcrTanda func. ?rimumeil:eoscon^ 
« fiIiarios>qui habenc poccflacem ulcimode- 
ternoinandi damnuminjuftumperfuafuf- 
fragiajccnferipociusintereos, qui jubent^ 
8c tencncar primo loco. Ei quo nihilo- 
Viinus cxcipiunrur,qui dcdcre fufFragium 
non ncccilarium, prateuntc videlicet rea- 
lucti & non tantum prxvifo aumcrb 



47 1 eiuAfli& XU 

ftiEocum coDfilL^ndrum] & rumragiarira 
ruEcictiii ad c^cdifxm clmini iniufliit- 
larioEiemtiifquc ceuo nott recelTuns a (\x* 
fccpti reotcnriaobrenhtftiam fubrcqaca- 
tiam, Dubitaiurcainea,aD ifli pollciiorei 
co DonoUfliBrepecccDtj fi tion itmzmtm 
vclHoliai adefTc? Dicei^dum cil aoo pcc- 
c^rc conrra iufliEiaBn cofnmut^civamjatie 
Jvftribiitivani lerpc^Q cius, cui infcrco' 
^uirt (lldau^ntim i cai rtddicct oihii cnali 
prudcarer xOiimabilis jcciclcic ob ea fuf' 
fragia lAm fapcrf^ui: pcicarc ramca coji- 
rra lultitjam kgoicm, i]uatc:nu& re^JaiiE 
faciUorcm pubiici rc^ifnini^perturbaci»* 
tieiiii 3um non cxpiDbfaLiu: rcniiCDria fm 
Coi^f^lTiriis iniqiusini^un^ccmipforumf 
ciam ad cos ;ilia vtcc coDtJQcsdos iti offi' 
cioj & ad mt^cndam fpcm inuocciitiunni 
&c bcnc mcrciinumj plurlmum mcrocDd 
h^^bea^ coufUntij rca^xrcfV] ctiampauciif 
^moium^criam unius, nianifcfld p^Um o^ 
mnibuSjAtqucper pubbcam cxpcriCDttaA 
camprobaid* 

Alccrum crtdanrem conntiuf» noxiuiiir 
Tcl Joloj vd btacalpaieu^ri Jcdamoorc- 
cuTo» noti folum ttjtiae rirroD^, fcd ctTim 
ip(ii qm con^lio act^uicvir, & deccptui 
fuirctimdjmno proprio vclalicno ; fi ta- 
iiA cgiitiLimu& ratioac muacii& ycI Aatui 

tciic* 



J}$'cr4m9M9iv0rifift. 47^ 

>f f eiiebacar lc^icimuin coafiltam i^dhibcre« 
^i ttt Confcfliirid^v tl AJv o 4g afeUI>rfai«ronc 
^ C«afiliarias acicur txtcacort^ftBqaaHi ia- 
■^ Aromcocoirracieaali»i^re4> folciseftcatt«< 
i* ia moraiis» & racioainiter agens rcrpedla 

Scocios damni. Si yero tatione mQneris^attC^ 
ftacut Bion cenetacurfcire»aai; dare confi* 
ff li um legicimttm i nec periciam prac fc fere- 

■ bac> aut iadabac^ quanta lafficir^ad nihll 

■ tenecur, nifi dolosc egeric. C^ia cudc te- 

^ Bcbacur>qui coadlioacquievic, inquirere - 

Bi uherius^ cum nemo prudens illi nderec, 

' ac pieinde ezecutor fibi debec impucate 

if damBum fecucum rcfptdlu fui» yel cerciad 

* pcrronar» 

f Poftrcmum in locura Teniunr cooperan^ 

'' resncgacive. Nimirumprimomucus, ooa 

^ 0ibvens,nonconfulens> non adiensSena- 

^ cum^nec diffencieos fufFragio fuo> non ob« 

^ lurgans, cum dcberec cz iullitia^ uc viraie- 

tur damnum. Sccundo non obflausjcum 

d^berec ez ofiicio^ vel concradlu opcram 

adhibere impedicnda? damnificatiooi : 

Tercio 000 manifellaos, cum fimiliter de- 

^erec piodcre paracum ad noccDduni ^ vci 

laiti reum nocunicnci uc itic impcdirscuri 

Jiic cogerctar reparare , arqjic punir;-ciir. 

Qui omacs tcDcacuL fliaailitcr cx j^quo ob 

xaiioucm iuriauacam cuca coupcrautes 



u 



pefiia noQ £\iiz, cjufqae po 
€lcbebatur,auc non citulo ca 
ti, & ez juditiacommutacii 
Hujus rationis (unt muldl 
applicandac fi[fco> qux noi 
tcftdijDifi fubcondicionc qi 
dacurtcus, & ju<ticctur,auc 
mcdifpoficum judicium» Q 

fcntia culpabili minidroru 
cndaturrcus,aat cfFugiat,s 
tur fifco pro mul£Va, fccus yt 
In alium prxccrca ulccrior 
nis ordincni rcvocari pofTui 
quafi rcflcxecoopcranccs, fir 
DcgatiYC. Qj^i vidslicccjufl 
iubcndum, confilfo impulit 
dum i filcutio filcntcm fovii 



Indeftiprcmai prtnceps injungens dam* 
um injaftam gubexbacori civitacis> juSt- 
i aut Ouci eiercicusxenetur ante ip^saii 
rparauonem ilamdi> eoqaereparance^ aur 
bfoluco a credicore liberancur casceri eo 
pfo> non ^ructm £ conTcrfo» Quod fimiii« 
er inceltrgendurm eft de aliis quibufvis» 
|u6s di^um eft eife pofteriores> fi compft* 
cncur cum prionlbus refpcft u x][)forum. 

' C^cerum in defedu reliquofinn-^ene- 
ur quilibec cooperanuum ad feparacid- 
lein cocius daronii £i quidem ad cocum 
uericmoralicer coopecacu^/dn fninusprb 
;a cabcuni parce cenetifr > quam per fc i- 
>fum>vel arripuic» vcfl perdidic immedia- 
c. Ccnfecur aucem moralicer cooperacus 
lOn fotum is, quo non cooperance phy- 
ic^ iion fuiflec illatum damnum> fed e- 
iam qui ica adfuit in noticia & 'animo 
!eciorum, tft cos reddiderit ptr-ccptibili- 
:er> & uc ica dicatur» fenGbilitcr animor 
lorcs, obfirmaveritque ik in propdilto 
.iocendi> ncc ita fe hab^it inordine ad eri- 
>cndos ac fovendos eorundem aniinbs^ at- 
jttc fi non adfuiffcc. Qua de caula non 
rcnetur privatus qtiifquc miles pcr fe fo- 
lumreparare totum damnum illatum ab 
exercitu numcrofo agrum injuftc deva- 
[lante, auc diripcure ci\itaum)toWt>.\^^ 



fiimafTc ccDfctur fccHndum 
ilimarioncm , & fccundun 
ncm humani ordinaria con 
czpcnfionc difccrnibilcm, 

Qujelibcc nihilominus p: 
Ctcudinis fufficiens ad c 
snoralcm modo nuper exp 
pars videncur quingCDci . 
cicus viginci millium, ccd 
xandum cocum damnum > q 
xic concribuccibusfingulis ] 
jurc rcfudonis advcrfus a 
Tcnces. Confeqaencer ccnc 
que ad perquirendos, ac 
tocidcm iic minimum focio 
£ fpcs inveniendi prudcns af 



1-T^.. «... 



"■ )nimiiiii . ii. I ■ 

ilitem excrcitus numeroii>^biblam ...»- 
aicatctn aliorum nolentium rcftitucrc, 
berari pofle ab ca ctiam p^rte reftituca- 
uadquam rcAcicrur rcliquis volctitibui 
dituere» Qj^i^ i^ cofifequitut indircdc 
:iaceaus iinguli ab aliis deiticiin , ac fc- 
,ndi [cpu.cancurpto Dullis pcr 6clioDea% 
riff cumfuniamcato jamindicjto» Non 
,rct tam.en probabiliiatc oLiligiirio unius 
t^ufquc fcoffim ad cjuftnotii parccm to* 
usdamni QuHoeciam aiio volcntequid* 
aamrctlicucrc» Vtthxc it»icuf patetdaci 
:diacm iater obligacos ad reilitucQtium 
: difpar^ cGopcrationc TcCpcd:u damni 
ijuRc illaci 3: quali^ itle £It. 

Ad I. Diilum ell fupia obligarioncm 
flituen di non folum fuadaii in re accc 
;a,fcdctia[m tn injufVaacccpMane, letiiii 
imuo iniufle ilUto* UadcaonlWlum is 
nctuireftitucrcquiacccpit rcm altctius» ' 
d cciam qui faic caufa injufta damni« 
aodaliuspaiTuscft. VBiecumplareSi & 
lUltiplicitcipoffiBCcflc caufacrcfpcAu cr 
ifdem damni injuCle illaci, pacct plarc$>^ 
lulcipliciccrpoflccflc obligacos ad icftU 
icndam candcm lemunieidcmqi pcrfe- 
« • acque tencii ad icpaiandom cum ja^- 
;uia bonerum fuocani jadbarami quani 
«Ipa e«mm ca f eifona paiTa eftt 



Ad 1. Vno ;*licjuo relViciieofc toff 
•quantitiitcm dtrbir^ai nulhis noccDtii 
ell amplius oblij^.i?:n5 patitnti , fed fi 
^atlis iUi (^ui tcftiruu* ai ditlum, flt i 
.vplic^inim efl iyjira, Vuiie naii Ifiani 
^mccKiveiiicnSt 

QJl JES T 1 O XLI, 

Vtrum dttur ^Uqt^h QTd& rejlitnthnh i 
p4r» crsdttBrum, ^ rerHm dt* 

iitarum } wj 

VI n 1 T V it ncurra eic parrc ullum « 
dincm prioris, & poftcriorrsc/re pt 
^ff, Quia omuibus crcdicor»i>»s, 
Tcrpciflu omoiom rcrum debitttum cg 
vcnic jusproprietaciscjufdcm infim^fj 
cieijcjufdemque prorfusrationis. ^MSi 
t^m credirorum eft cotum motivum 
<aurarcftitucndi,atque impoflibilc cft 
-cjuod inmulfis eft uniforiT.c, c)urdcm<| 
^eiffusrafjonis caufet interillosin^rqi 
Jiriitcro, & •ordincm dilconformcm |>ri 
'^iS)-^ poftcrioris. 

" R..Antc'ordincm crcdltorum, Bctcti 
'i^cbitairum pra?n»irtiindum cft quibus'4 
^hcitfkdii fcftiruno corum.quac dcbcnt 
<^ua dc it tt«i^t^«wlx ojbfcrvanda? i» 



^'i-iraarcguUcft : iiebiti iaci:rra, fcu quo- 
xufQ cicdiror vel igaoucur, vcl ciinvi^niti' 
Mkoa poi^ftj fi pei iiijuftitijim Eontrisilj- 
funr^ patipciibus tcI Ecc!eii,i: Teu pTii lo- 
cjsiciHtui dcbcnci ii aUf^ucifliu£litiap0* 
tcfl dcbuoi ti tibi terJDcre. Prima pais 

dc jurc aa^ut^apparebic qu. 4i-l^icct op- ^ 
poficuni iit valicprobabilctib commuiuos 
rcxTidodorum confeuruni. AUcrip^tspio- 
bacar, quiannllo jarc^ouUaquea^quicatis, 
racione po(l<c(ror inBoceos poflhabccur d- 
liis> auc.coni^ringicur 6bi alios praifcrtc 
de ca:tero aequales. Ergp caliadebicapa- 
ceft^bi rccincrc. 

$ecuoda legala eft : debita cerca> quo*t~ 
rutn vidclicet credicor> rcttiir>^ ;c0nvenisii 
pocefl^ d:ve is fit perfonapar^ieuUris.dve 
imulcicado aliqua detertnioiica > & difcrec- 
iHbilisabaliis noncrcdicowbas>rcftitucn^' 
da fuut per fc ei a quo acccpca fuic^^cs» 
Ycl cui damnum illacum fuic. Quod pa- 
tcc quia iis compctic jus rcfpc^u ralium 
dkbicoram^ac proinde fi non adtic lcgiti» 
maaliqua excepcio cootra rale )us« procul^ 
dubio illisficr injuria reftitutione omiira, 
vcl akcii fadia. 

Tcrria rc^ula cft : ficri niliilominuspo- 
teflpcraccideuSj ut nuUa fu obVu^^-a^vxc^ \c* 

X 3 W^>:^-^^-. 



4t tf Sf^*)^'^ Xtl. 

iVituttsdi irhmtiiucc vcr^ domino, h ^' 
delicer is apiid qucm cfl it% ahctius^ rd 
ahccr aliquid alrciL Jcbrf, acqujrat jtil 
piGTidchiiE rcL ra£ rem ahcrius j» ^Uumr' 
cjuim vttDfiL don^JHUBi imincdiatc trani* 

* ftteQdo , iit qui bona tide cmiE aft^num a 
fjrc I (^UL [olvLt ticdiroii fui crc4iton$i 
qQod €2 c:^dim caufa iiciquc dcbcbacUT» 
tjiTo pado debctut peniio pro domo loci* 
iQrt, & illi, ar<juo is tpf.am toodivxcrai 
piius: & quL cnnit jus , ijUod alius hAbc- 
bac atiycTins fuum cccditorcin j hi coim 
tion ccDcntui quidquAm immediate re^ 
flitucrevcLO domiuo ret, aut fuo fitiua- 

" dc crediton ; (tid hihhc\i\ni rcftjrijrnda 
ir^cdiar^^j & fic ptovidendom Ixie juxe^ 
}us Hbi qua:^:um. 

Jam qaod ad ordinem atciaeti cercam 
primo cft debit* ccira quibufyis incercift 
pracfcrri. Quia ycnim illorum jus compe- 
ciciis^quibus ra foWi debcnc; fecus yer^ 
iis, quibns pollcriora hxc foly^da funr*. 
Ccrtum rurfus cft rcs,qux cxrauc in pro* 
pria fpccic, Sc quarum dominium nonduok 
acquilitum fuic dcbirori,quocumquc dc- 
mum ticule apud illum rcperiantur, rcfti* 
tucndas cflc ante omnia crcdiroribus ca* 
rum. Quia ipfi habcntj rdiqui vcr6 crc- 
ditoits aou \va.^atii\ -^^akS \\5LAi.Ubus rcbus. 



De ^fimefnjpvo rtfiit. ^ff 

idum (ie&iq ue eil credicoribi^s perfo* 
us oon priyilegiacis omnibtis acquali^ 
Ivendum efTe fecundum pioporcio- 
lebicorumy fite tempore priores, five 
riores finc quia ptrior credicor nilul' 
dicat ; pofteriori, cum perfona de-. 
s a:qu^> & eodem modo omnibus ad# 
ve prius, fire poflcziusoccurraciisi 
is obligatur. 

uarc illa rcgula juris : ^i frior esf 
re petior efi jure-, folummodo habec. 
1 ia creditoribus bypothecariiscon- 
itibus in codcm pign.ore: quia cre- 
hypothecarius acquiric jus in re, k 
ejici nonpocefl pcr poderiorcm pa* 
:m alcerius abfque adminitulo fui 
nfus implicici vcl ezplicitt. Quod 
ir propter hypothecarium^qui adji* 
pothecam fpecialem poft genesalem,. 
mqueipfo vidftcurctdcrchypochecar 
ili,dum nondeficic fpecialis pofle- 
Ijundla. Creditores privilcgiati, qui 
t natura rei, nec racione aliqua uni- 
i, cujusdu^^um fequunturquzflio- 
:«B, fed cx rationabili difpofirione 
li lcgum praffcrnorur crcditoribus- 
iliim pciTonalibuSj (cd ttiam hypo- 
iis, qui proculdu^-^io fuut priorcs 
.dli b II s n on |n i v 1 1 .• o i ^tis y vac^vs.V^vs.- 

X 4 ^^ 



idiq corvftatct dtdis <1 tri ordineir 
ftin» r*> & qualis ille iit ci parrc, 

«int, tum rcrQm debirarUTn , 
ignem dubitaci^ij iicut uous 
i magnasdivitias^aliasadpai 
aliu^ jcdu rci prctiofa;, allus refp 
iriHs, „ ,».men tn utto<^Lte datur ]us | 
ptictaits formali nifarm^C) & matt 

IjcfttAn di »ita coQiitigit iit 

habetcj »i folvatutjquaa 

. terijfcua^ ,^ ,. ^ frcm>& alius tan 

ad locum. pc iore bQ^in proptcrea 

tcant jura Ipccie divetu formaliter, i 
omnia cjufmodL jur;i dent sequaJcm o 
narifiacrn rcfpctlu rci & lnci pcitiQC 
ad uoumc]aemquc,atque in hoc ciTen 
liter confiltat latio formalis juri£. Ca 
CJcufaDtcs ab oyir;atiouc rcflirticuJi 
qutbus liic crat immcdiacus agcadi lo 
cohnraodius ciponentur obitct in qiiae 
Bibiis fcquentibus> qu^tcnus pefTmic 
aliqua difputacioais matciia. 



'^ 



^^^^^^^^ 










48p 


QJ 


vE S TI O 


XLII. 


'« 


'rum dii. 


li/Jj rcviim 


\ Jjt de lunnaiUTi. J 



rl O videnjr cllc cootra j«s DacurjE i,. 
Ijiu qtjar jIh^uo jurc hibcnc uanm 
iimuticiii dcrmiDiini 3 uoii pollaQr mi-^ 
tf co doiiiinio Uividi intcr pLuics* 
n fiiir contra tilc jas. Omni» auttm 
t pcrcincnt aJ homincs iubcot .ucuni 
imuacm domiDum Detim jutetvat^its:, 
patct cE 14. Job. ^«E^w fonjit^uit ahtfn' 
r terrMfn ? rfj/r qutm poftiti jnpey erhsmtiL . 
m fnLrhAtiff ef}} Ec cx illopl. ji. J>i?- 
i ifi rcrraj^c. A:qu? i>oc dominiuna 
dcficiti ncc dtficcit: forcilH £fg^ ^^^ 
trajusoa^uraCjUt q^aj pctnpcntai iio^ 
icsdividaoEurintfi^f homiiics, - 
* O 0^012 funr ocnnibus communinjcl^ 
r uaru:a!. Detw eai:ii , cujut vo^Itioras 
tm narufis csBfbrmiS til.^ loEijm jus 
iirasj pt3:tVc^ft uotim cjucmltbct bomi- 
1 lebus omaibiis, qpx ad utiliistcm 
linum fa^nra^runrj ut pa^ctcx pf. S.- O* 
M^fuhjecrjfi^fttbpsJihmfjftf. N cmpcho* 
I i s, 1 , 3 d C 01 i 11 r h . 5 . OnmU ^ ffir.% funt; 
1. 1 TaciamusH^fninem f^d tmaginem 
^militudinpm. nojiram y ^ l>rAjh (ifcir. 
X 5 . \i^ 



4f© gL?'y?f* XLTI. 

hus m^rh^t^c* la qiiibtu omnia proitW' ^ 
lVu£ adfciibucitm fiDgulis, ac rpecialt- [^ 
rcr in loco Ccucfis ; quod homo ptxfi: ]^ 
pifcibiis mamj & licde carrcri^^tcrcrrurad f 
racioocm imaginiSj qtia: unicuilibcc ho- 1 , 
jnini lcorrLm conTcait atjualjicr ac tota» | { 
litcr, Hrgo diviilo letum cootiailicit ja- l | 
ji^natuiaf* | , 

5. De jure nati3r»efl,uthomincs nnta* | j 
morci&cHaricaEc iii?iccmconjuo£Vi, Et- 
gocdcontra iusnatoi^jUt habcantrcsin* 
TiccRvdivifa^» Patct confcqucntia.quiacx 
diTifione mum nafcuut divifio pcrrona- 
I43m i ficut^convcrfoci indivifioBebcnc- 
TToU pcrronam, Darckut itidiTifio, ic com- 
munjtasrcrum juicaillud vulgtrc tr Phu 
Joropbo stniieoTHfn cmnitifknt fempjumj^^ 

R AdiDajoit Bc m^gisintimam incclU* 
gcntiam corum>qu£ huc urquedi£laliiDt 
plurimumconfcrci iDdsgarcorigiticm ju- 
liunij qu£ ducitur ci primarva rctum dt- 
YifioRCi idquc jpfiirocft cmifiiDi (reccifa- 
linm ad ilatucoducndc his qu^ {kmccpi^ 
iiccoda fitDtdcfpecialibus junbus, &. Ipc* 
cialtbus rum juflitiac dilhibutiv^» xunXr 
commntativ^ obli^ationibifs, & a^-biis^ 
Scfcndum icaquc c£t boua univcrfim om* 
liia*i|uoium homincsfutjtcflpacc^ dupHci 
gcMCCc C0atiiicrif Aliajiami^uciuiitf qtJi- 



tufj tit aoinia & eorpus, fapientia & pro- 
bitas; famcas & ptjlchritudo* Alia verd 
funccxrrititcca, urai^ri, & darnus, ctbi, Sc 
ireflcs. Boaa eitrit^recafunc in dupUcirur* 
fus djffetcntiii» Aiia caim funt, quoruiii 
mcnfuta dectrminata rctpcftii ccjufquc 
dcpcndct a magDituditiej Sc patvitatc 00- 
jiDrum unumquemc]^! a^cicArium iutrin' 
fe:c; utfama^ & bunor, lauSi & amon A- 
Jia 7?i6 ftinrj quc^ram mtofura dcrcrmina^ 
ta cftejEEra ipfum homincm, quzquc pre- 
iodc abfque uUa cftifdrrm injuria prffvinC 
e6e pUu^ Tcl paticiora nulla in ipfo bomi- 
nr prarcxiAeBte diverruatc, ut paccc i^ 
cxriiplismodopfxlaEisanorum bonorum 
«xt;infccornm. 

Divifio bonoium pcrtincncium ad ior 
rTiryftcamh^iminfsconftirarioiicm & pft- 
fcdlioncnn Jcfccridtc omcnuo dctciminard 
«jurcoat^trje. Cum cnimhonnoi, urpoti 
«acuralitciihljcrtarc prxd tf> conftofac tX ' 
uatura rci, uc fic graria fui patcr ^mimaja 
CB]iif.]UCj& corpui, & uiriufquc unioneia' 
cff trtatu cjuf-icm ex narnTJ rci.ac prnin- 
dcipfttm horninrmtflTc firffni, 'dqitcmoa 
•rdii^riinnccx fua oAtiua. Qu. J tftin « iTc 
fua ipfiuscx natura rci, iuxiav^xpofidoncav 
fuiuus uadKam qua^f^. 5. Ca:taa qMar: 



4^1 $^*fii> ^LIT. 

hfimioem intnalccc pcrticiutJt> funticci- 
tlctini ipfiirsj aut adhiEicnt cidcm ad mc- 
dum acctdetiriQm, Ai:ciir,tis antem ci 
ftia flatiua clt ctjtis cns j & rcrpicit tata> 
quam fincm fubjeclura, quod pctflcit:, »c 
proiodc eaJem rationc i?lk fuitm ipfiuscf 
nacuii rci iDdcpetidcntcr k ^ovi Ubcfi 
cujurcjtam difpofirioDc, 

NoLi longcabfinftili rationcfuntGja cu- 
lufquc tx natura rci ca bona cxrrmfctii 
«fuoium mcnfuraomfiifio dctctmin^ica rc- 
ipc(^u iiQgulortim funt bona cotumdcm, 
intnnfcea* Di&um natrquc cft aa cadcm 
iUa quseft* j. ci D* Tboma ca ctiam ^^t 

• fua cuiufquc, qua: eidem fccundum pro* 
pcrtioBis xqualiiatcm dchcQtur, Ea aii- 
tem cuiufquc bcna ej^ttt&fecai quotum, 
zrtcnCura omuiti^ dcietmitiata cx naiuia 
tcijluntbona ciufJem incrinlcca, patctci* 
dcm debcri fccuodotn proponioQisatqua^ 
litatcm. Altas cnim non dcbctcn; inde 
n^cnrutatl omntho [^ei:crminaci «x oacura 
rci. R^tio ulccrior hotum cft, quia bona 
cuiufque inciinfeca t &c qua: inde omni-'^ 
rn .1 -r^rn^inate mcnfuraacurj ita fimt in 
cius ucilirarcm ordinara, nc nulia bomi« 
num libcra difpofitionc, aut irutua con- 
▼cnripDc fieri po/Tic, ne fint cidcm utiliaj^ 
^.i^.ut ia £fnilem aherius utilitatem con- 

TCttaa-i 






E e diVJf^if e rrfH ml 4 5 1 * 

Yeinotur Ncccoimfieri ^JoicrtiUt falui &, 
honoraljcuius, nors fint iuilc&cidcm,auL 
ucalccrt fint codc modo udlcs * fca iiac ul- 
qiicadcaiitiUs> & fic dt; cfceiis a fartioii 
Qjjcautcmei naUKa rci boi: liahent, uc 
ntinTati ihcujus fin? dcEcrmiuatc dcvin- 
^4 j ncccirceit cx natutarei eflcltia cjufdc. 
Divifio i^itutuciiurqviclniias gencfi&bo-. 
nDrumcKconfHtutaiuie catu^ i &fuum, 
quirc^uciUorum pecuUum h.ibct int^epeia-*^ 
dcnccrabhomiaumplacito cx JuppoiiUQ-Xv 
Bc>quodciLflani:i. 

CsetcrabonaErttinfeca hDmiac infctloW* 
raitafunt in hominum utiliraicm ordina-^ 
ta ci n attfra Cn ajiit.null U m ,det crm i ua tc hoM, . 
minenrL poiius^quam qucmlibcraliumiaut,- 
toramhomiaum caUc^ioncm^potiu^jqua. 
partcmcoram) auc quam aliqticm unum. 
homiDcrtideterminaEcrcfpigant laaquam, 
finem igum ci naiusa rt^a prxceiquanii, 
csclum & acr. <|uibu* iurrinfccum eft, , 
Ut fjuc omnibns communia^ .Vndc fic, 
ut nuUiirupciaddita kgci ac dilpofitia* 
ficuhra natQralcmomoiafa bona maQfu-'. , 
rafu^ffeQtpromifcu^communia., Qua dc ^ 
c^ufacommuaiccr dicitur vmnia cffccom* . 
inuniade jure natnra?. Ipfum iiihilomi^ 
nus ius naturas prsefcripfic mortaHbus>. 
utfi.w^A prajfcribitquc fcmper, ut con- 



494 ^ij^h XllT- 

Titio- QuLii elle (^mjiinft coBTcnicnSjnec 

taitrejatqaccfluncccirartam rripUc] ratTo-- 
Bt piobar edicaciicr D.Th&mis ()U2£il. ^ (. 
aiTic, 1* 

Pritnum niminim, uf homitics rccidaB- 
tur roiliciti, ac diiigcntes* Omocs coim 
uaturiHtfr Dcgliguntj qtijc funt commu- 
jtia comparatidnc eorum quae fuar pro' 
pna» Er cuivis durmrn cflj bborcm tfTe 
fpccialjtcr fuunt r batiim vcto cx li^ibore 
^fcfultatjseffealiis fecum comujUae Vmde 
fjtcilc relitiquir cur&m akeri , ut habcac 
commodttm fiT\t on..'ic; fiaguli^ auccro 
hac r4tione prnpe(ifi5iuociumi3cqttc fpc- 
raatibus mcliora de rociis,aiit 6. oou fpe- 
rcnt^noicDCibuscum ja^uta propriapro- 
dcJrcaliiSjaurinccrhancfpem.acdcrpcia- 
tionem haprcncibas dcferirurjac dilapida- 
turbonum communc. Atraclonecontra- 
ria im bonum quifquc propriam incum- 
bicdiligcrcr, cerrusquod fib.' arar, fibi no- 
ccat, & qnod (unni otium (ibi noccc,ncc 
afcaliofupplcndarp flt. 

Dciode confufioni vit^nda? inrricft' 
plurimnm, quod curas qiiil\ju • O.us l^ri^ 
Aoi luivcac ci^cjixctti dctcrmiaacam Qja- 

KCEC- 

* 1 - • -*• 



l>t dltMfiom rerum, ^pf 

legeBUshumanutn pefrimehabcretrumma 
emnium inter fe ceDFudoneimplicatum, 
' fi omnibus 2qualiccr,& promifcucincum/ 
bercc cura circa omnia^ accurrencibus mul- 
cisadeaii(iemrenn,vel (i non accurranc a^ 
'yercenre fingulosplurimorum exsmplo>iie' 
quisqui^quam aggre«iiacur« 
' Denique inccr eos qui comnaunicer^^ 
iDdivifim atiquid poflldenc, facile, acfre- 
qucnter fuboriuticur jurgia^ Quapropter fi 
omnia omnibus mandireuc comunia>pax^ 
8c cranquiUitas mntua hominum» fublt- 
f^ere mmime pocniflec in ftacu abfolucd 
tolerabili. Porro hxc cria malorum gene- 
la eo func majora, quo major eft, eorunav 
inulricudo,quibusbona funccommuDia» 

Adde fiiblata rcrum divifionc nullumj) 
anc vix ulluni fuperefle locum libcraliracii^. 
inifcr'cordiaj,bcncficentia»5 graritudini Sc • 
fimilibusvircutibus, quarum opuscftaliiS'^ 
erogarc depronio, Dce(Tcc itaque maxi- 
mum humani generis decas, acornamcn- 
tum, & mucuar bcncvulcnfix,accharica- 
tisvipculum vcl maximum. Atldc rurfus- 
Ticandishisomnibusmalis imminenribus • 
cx communione rcrum omnuim opuscffc 
nriaiTn.i qu ulam cornm ntrfrwlionc, qui- 
hiis 'ILr R-Mit commiMiCf , 'iwalis rcrff(5li© 
tir ". - N •■. ci.-i"»! n\agi.a oiruium homi- 



4f^ ^iJtkXhil: ^^ 

(aUciti pra prarCtttd mifero flatu iiituta 
tmmaDxUpix uoivtrfilitcr ia pcc cjtumj 
srtc^uc pciallad corrupc^* Opjs prxccrei 
foretlupfrjoritacejac lUrifditlioDcalictiias 
fgpra c^ceroSj i^ni congrucaccr divid^rcr 
opcr^j^c libcprcSj CDntu iionem tullcrct Ijq^ 
gulorticn ia rin^tili direi5li<5tie j £c pacem , 
ac iraDcjuIlUraccm fovcfec diremptis jui- 
giisAucprarcrcupJtis. 

Ea aurcmipraLupcriorJusaciurirdiflio 
dari noa potuillVr qualii in eos fiucs , at^ 
cefrariaeitj &ruliBcicDS^£i ntillifa^^a fuil- 
fa divifio ofBciorum^ac cerum pci Ubcracn 
hQminnmditpofinoncmiOBicioruniqui- 
dcm jquianullusruocft ahcrius fupcriori- - 
fan i^cjurirdiilioni «nariirarei j nccda' 
tu.rdilF(;j:cntiapurcoaturalis>& uUimo dc^s 
termtoacft fuperioris & fubdicL» cam unas 
qpilibec (ica?<|ucliber,acfuiiarisr & gra- 
tiafui^xnarurar^i j {inrque prartereaplu- 
rcsidoQciad regcndum j &-plures idonei-. 
adparendum. Rerumvero, quia redijEeac * 
ea^dem inconveniencia , H vel un-us ran». 
tam homo praredet immedLaieroci hurna*- 
no generi quoad omnia » vcl plures • 
haberep^ exa^quoj ius ingerendifeioea-' 
xiiudem- omnium difpoficioncm , it;^-. 
Ilt.fi^g444 divciifQS ^uidem diiigereni. 



hQinines^) circacamen res omnes eafdem.. 
Conftat igitur ex his divirionem rerum fur^ 
i(re,& efle omniQO neteflariam, eamque 
quojidaliqua fadam efTe immediaceiuiei 
nacurss, quoadaliaperliberam hominum 
coavenrioiKni^ex ptaefcripto iucis ejufdecn^ 
naturalis. 

Adi.Di£l£ ed quaefl.praefertim^^&ip.' 
Deo non convenire ius propcietatis quoad 
ucilicacem , &, ufus uciles lerum refpedta 
fui,fed omnem earum ucilicacemrelidanx 
cdefubdanciis racionalibus creacis. Qua- 
propter ira rebus o-mnibns cffentiale, uc 
fubiintdiredioni» acprovidentiaediyinaci^ . 
iKnihilominusjura ucilicatum dividipof- 
finjcincerhomines^ Deindequa? func pro* 

f»{ia uniuspoiTunc dividi incer pluces ez c6« 
cnfu eiufdem quaccniw iUc. confenferic; 
Peusaucemucdominusuniverf6ru-> qjuod.: 
in illis locis fcripcuraz manifcflacur non fo^ 
lum confencic , fed etiam pra?cipit lecre fua 
naturali quae includiturcffencialicer in iu- 
renacura?,proucIiquecez cademquxd* f. 
& ex priori parce qua:ft, 7. Prarcipic in* 
quam,ucresofnnesdividancurincer Ange* 
los,& homincs,prouc ipforum intcreft,uc 
apparct cx dircurfii (upcriori. liftigitui 
coaforiViis juri nacura: divifio rcruir» , &: 

cviiQad. 







4ff §l^£fii& XLTl. 

quodd partcm caaim Ladufl^a. per ipfui 

Atli^ Ira fuar ornatA czifriora iQdi^e- 
Tenriaex readquoslibcc^comuiunfa dc ju- 
ic natursfjUC iplMm ^iisnanira; prjrfcrjbK 
fio£^(ilarum icTum ad fvnouloshomio^-s di- 
fttibutiontmj ic divifiotiem commitni 5c 
fingulorum bDuo congriicotcm. Q^af ro- 
prerloca illa rcriptufsc acciplcnda fuuE dc I c 
fubjc^tionc rerum omnium icrpc£tuMO- ^ 
liuft hominpm coJlcdioois ciim diflriba- * 
tione.arcjucappropriatioEic acconiadare- c 
fpe£tufingulomm* Hoc nin^iru ConvcBic i 
liomii]] ratiouc fuac fttriilita Jinis fpccialis t 
cumDcOiUrpariicipcc ^im dominatiTain i 
JpSuSj cum partitionc rcrumj Bc jmiutn i 
laBhipltcarienc correfpondcctc fnultipU- i 
citati Dumciic^ c)ufsiodi fimiHtudiDein | 
cumDec confccuu id multipUcatlonctt 
liominum, 

Adj, Yicio kumana; ttaturjefitut nuna 
artcomncincommodcjm tolU pofTitabho^ 
minum rautua iaicr fe cojijun<5\io*ie fo- 
cLaU. Ca*tcrumcKririoQibu^ D^Thomarj 
& aUis infupcr adjunftis fapcrius, f^aui* 
fcftc Apparec iftcommodi futura fuilTc lon- 

fcraajotactiam ^uoad mutuani paccm ac 
cucTjoJcnriamfc (i oulla prorfusfadla fuis* 
fci di H vU o ic i^MtKw c^\.^tv(iiMt& n. C am i g 1 1 u r 



Di diviftone )ufla^, -49^ 

6 Tatk) naturalis di(ftct incer mala incom- 

pof&biWi'i<8c copulativ^ iDeyitabilia, eli« 

i genda clfe qux minora funr , patet ca- 

dcm rationc praecipicnte fodam cffe re* 

i rum divifionem, Quod' dicitur amico- 

: rum omnia cfTe communiaj apcipittir dc 

t communirate ex affc<fbu & inclinatione 

\ ip(ius amicitiae quoad ufas necefTarios skd 

i communcm amicorum felicitatem ; no» 

vero de confufione jurium pertincntium 

ad unumquemque eorum ; (i quidem ex 

corum rctcnta dilUn(Slione ruboriuntnr, 

ut fupra indicatum eft, opc/a & oflicia. 

mutua Iibcralitatis> mifcricordia; grati- 

tudinis, lc £milium» quibus amiciti» 

fovetur^ & qutlHis. oon cflec locus fub«t 

intraiitc jurium coDrufioaCy ccrt^ no» 

pattret locus tam amplus, quam cfl ne-^ 

cefTarius refpeflu toti-us omnium homi* 

oum multitudinis, mutuo bencYolenti» 

foedcrc, uniyerfalic^r k, f aiciculaiicer €Qh^ 

pulaadjPji 



Q2i.^' 



QJV^ ^ S T r O X L 

Vtirum divijtQ rcrum txteri&rutn fitri ^9tue* 
rit ftr^i Wtf h §m % nu m , utt tt n^tt e It hu ijjt it 

VI DBT VR ita fieri pocvifTe, I. Quii 
quodAduciliciiccalicuiuscotilircrot' 
cfinatur, totaliccrftibl^c^itrius vQlut)' 
tati jUt difpouiic urcun^ue libucrit , iti 
falcC) ucTit valiLiadifpoljcio quaJhcrcufn« 
queipfctiirpcjruerir. Didumautcm cflfx" 
pcrcsomflcscsceiiorcs cflc totaHici: orJi- 
Batasad utiUcatccn hoiDiuum. £r^o ho^ 
miDcspocucr^ cas dividerej acqciedeiliis 
dirponcrefaUc validej utcuu^uc bhmdcu 
ijQ^od vi;:ct conrcnfuj & voluDtltc 
iMiifotmi omQiam uniyeifimnanoDum^fic 
gcntiumnoQ ampliils dubicatur > quin fic 
idilum a€ hbnc{lum*ce:te non dubicacux 
^e yalore diipofiiionum nihii indc exorbi- 
tantium. Dubitariautem eo nonobftance 
poQer, (i po(r<teireaut iQh6ne{Va,aut in- 
vaiida difpolitio , ac. diviiio rerum Fa£la 
comrouni omniumconventione ac arbi- 
crio,utcunqiiclibuiircr. Quia yideadunii 
hilominus fupcrcffer i acdifpofuilFcnt , ac 
divilirtcnteo df^terminatc modoquo folo 
lUct i a^ X a\c^ coiMt^ d\C^Q(Luo . 



H.Conftacez i|uae(l. prarcedenti Vlivt- 
fiooem reram exceriorum indifFerentium 
cz fe ,-«amecfi de iure naturac non fic forma- 
litcr^ ^immediate, atqueomninft dece^- 
-fninac^; e(7e camen de:iure-nftcui« prae* 
-ccpii?^ ac '▼Ag^, Ita'videliceCj actibe- 
ram hominibus fueric talem> vel caleM 
Terum diyifioneminfVicuere pro libicoj 
-quin agereac eontra iusnaturae^ non t4« 
inen > uc nunam^rorftis f^cercnt di^ifio- 
'Dcm. Verum ne(|ue iftam ipfam cle£bio- 
-nem divifionis ac modi dtvidendi urqiic 
adeoliberam & iadifFerentem reliquirius 
nacurae» uc nullas przrcripferit condicio- 
nes i quibus non pra^ditis lcres , ac cod* 
•venciones di-Vffio&um evaderenc inho» 
ztiiit yitno 6c nuiliraris vicio laborarenr. 
Cumeoimrcsida; Cxceriores in omnium. 
• ac fingulorum hominum ucilitacem Cint 
ordinacae intrinfeceex fua nacura > fincque 
devin^ae nacurae humana? ftcundum fe^ 
-(|uaccnus eafdem erogavic Deus a?quft- 
Ji ergaomnes homines amore ac volun- 
carc antecedencij fiquidem omnes fecic 
a?quebonosia nacura, nequeejus amor 
jniequaliscfrepoffic , ergaobjc6Vaarquali« 
ter bona in fc , quarcnus ajqualircrbona 
func : cumq; homioi nihil facere liccac 
contranaturas rerum, & contra divinam 




50Z §iHi.ni9 XLtll, 

<voltiQtaC€m ^nreccdcnccm brncptacid 
C um ia^uam hxc icft ic KabeaQi paccE dh 
Tilioiicm icrum {juatcnus fa^lam arbirrio 
hominum honeflami ac yalt^am miaifi]^ 
C0V potuiiJc» ^1^^'^ OEnniunij ac (iiigulQ- 
turr Kumiaumuciliutij & fclicicaii ^(^ui 
«odrulctct, 

P d m a i gi cur c^dcmq u e prarcip ua 3: c«- 
tcustn lccoQMncns coDdnio juQ^ 3c ti- 
Jida: diviiipni^ cft^ ui omocs hc>mines n\A* 
la fad:3 cjiccpcione cidem rorci convaiii- 
tnc, c^adcmqnc omDibvjs quovis ccmpore , 
ciiitcoribus rpcm i ac faculcaicm ii<.M 1 
qustDEum cCt ^e fc iU|^cDdi ccimuiiimhQ- 
notujti fuorum. AliEis cnim lcx Jiumaiit 
faccicc idari^ualcs, tf uos lcx fiACurjlis^ ca~ 
dcmi^ucdjTinafeciAetasqudcs, id^Gc (o-^ 
ium tx voluntacc legislaioium auic om- 
ncmcarum ciicumfUpnaritm vacictatem, 
f iQ c^ujbu^ lcx naturaiis a Dea Uta cfTcrt 
«tqii.omciibus^qualircrpiovidi^rcr Qua* 
«Ipiopcer^ (\ lc2 humana cx fe pra:cis£ iniC' 
.(|ya1is tcfpcdu drvcrfoiiim homitium# 
-Ao^ct cflc v^ilidaj ticri poCcc ut ToluDCai 
toiinois aia!:vaIc5CT conira Hivinam. Ncc 
cnim valida clTc poffctt quin rcddeiec in- 
faliiarn ac nulUm, cam cui cilet contra- 
lia* QLiodautem volutasdiviDtj pctffuam 
^igct lci iLU\^^VvH^\^^Uccrfa7ciJCj oim- 



Pr fivifieni jufis. joj 

aibus & quibufyis lccuDdum fe praecisd 
confideratis .brevicer quidcm^ fed eBicaci- 
cer demonflratuin nuper efl. 

Secu^dadeindc priftcjpalis conditie e« 
j ufdein ditifioDift eft, ut null um rcliDquat 
aditum incqualicati bonoru przcerquafli 
cxiDiequali ad boDum commuBC concu- 
butione>acqae cooperati^ne. Gani enini 
boDabarcezceciora fiDcati praemilTumefty 
communia omnibus ei fuaDacura» neqae 
qaod commane eft fieri poffit |4uispriva* 
ti*^ain tantundem jarisyac Itber» facuU 
catis decedac caetcris quaRta fuerit acceflio 
privato illi adjadicaca» fequeretor plaod 
iojurioCam fure atque nocivam, refpedu 
casterorum contCDtorum in commuaicatei 
appropriatioDcm rei, qux crat communis» 
telpe^u privacas periona?* nifi ipfa tan- 
cundem in bonum commune conculifl'ct« 
Quarepermiffaoccupacionc, & appropria<« 
tione bonorum cuilibec aequ^ patcntium 
abfque aliqua c^^ufmodi concributione in 
bonum commane, non fiercc folum ultra 
jusnaturale. fed etiam concra. Ncc cnim 
cadivifioeiret,qHalem ipfum jusnaturalo 
permittit^ ac pra^cipit, (ed qualcm repro^ 
bat manifeft^. Quodezcoulteriusmani- 
fcftatur , quia nemo prudentcr confentie 
f aro fuo 4aaiaOf idcft damao minimd 



f6+ '^iftP XLJlT. 

' campctifarii>pcVi>lic[uodaliad boj 

rem 3?qualc; St incompdflibile cm 

jviii jaduiam paurur. Eigoqiii fa 

iclilscrirfaculiiCTSpriTatx, qii»4 

'^inunci quinconnmtinitaci aliuud* 

' ri r ta n f a n dem j h ab et co d tradi csr 

■rehquosomnescontentoshi tom] 

'tCi atqiic pfuJeater Cbi pravidos 

^pleriqucfuRtia hac partCj &c pr« 

'curonanes, acproinde uliirpat r 

'ti&tacionabilitcr cius dominfs, ( 

' coutTaiuinatuca:. 

Acccdit forc, tit fiaiYifiofetm 

-quaiutlicitutjfnaafuiflccaut pcE) 

'tut, nODa^lf!crcntiir ncc minucrB 

'cofivtoiencja propofua ia qu;ri>, 

dentiei ijjdivifiouc rfrum, Pnmii 

onriacs facilc dimittcrcnt curam, 

-licitudincm corum , qux jamh 

in cxiftcntc (ibi faculratc & iib 

^tcftateufurpanrfi alia, atquc a^lia 

'^oabfque uHo labore, oullaque 

'taind\ifttia cedenribirs in bonui 

jhunc. Dcindc (cqucrctur fumm4 

fio plurimorum-conflucntium a'd 

lucrum abfolutum ab omni oherc' 

-compcn/ationis^Qaoddcnitiaepa 

tari pofTent fimultates, & malci 



JHi divifiotfe i^Jh. .'. s^S 
jrqae faisac capicDtis^ idqae to perpe* 
/(ttuai abrf(|ae ulio fao eaoiufSiCACo fpe* 
ciali» Teicommaaif ^ 

Pxa^cerea CQias im iiBem faam Tigons. 
cflc.pofleac Tircaccs hamatti geaeris ma» 
tao C9ciliacriccSt fi ea c&ocam et ogari pos- 
fenci quacj qai erogarec, ha^uilTecac qat 
accifierec ^bere podec fola habeodi to». 
laocace, ej afqme Tol uacacis fol um*pet Yec- 
ba aacBUCus figaificacioae^aut uccunque 
aliter aulla fuperaca difficultace proQio- 
Ycadi booum commuQe> auilaque adhi- 
bioa cam in rem iaduflria > Q^^ omoia 
iacom.moda fuac maaifediora ia ufurpa- 
cioqe jurif^i^ioaisiii camea jurifdiAio 
cAcc aliqua,liberafaculca$ fupra aiibs abs- 
que Tcl idoacicace,. tcI obligacione pro* 
moTcndiboaum commuac. Cuiufmodi 
profcdlo faculcacem quilibec fibi Teliec> 
]|;iemo aiceri. Vade fierec , ac aemo illam 
habercpoirecquiooocerec aliis ia re ma- 
zimcfuaipforam:.ho€eftiaproprialiber- 
uce&difpoficioae fuarum adkioaum>id* 
qaeinTicisracioaaliceriifdcm. Qo^dcla* 
id coocradicic jari oacura;. 

Pacccigicuciiiiquam&curpemfuturam 
foiirc divifioacm rerum non gravantcm 
£ngulos appropriataros fibi paitcm cari 
occciTitate coopcrandi ad oooum com- 



50fi ^ufitit XL 111. 

«limDC pcr poiutonvtTi rtruui ac0i]incariiTft 

4 iUru ira^ts idDntfci ad ufusfit ctjmmxs^ 

tiOTiiljLcr; Qni duo Jiiodi proftcietidi con» 
trunitac} pt:i lpcm>aut tflt {^um phyticum 
iri occupationCj iSc k-pnhrionc rerum , jC 
ycironaium in ufum fpccialctn proprja: Ij- 
liera: faculcans ixitra cJiik>$ fccrrneturic 
%'XponeEUf j rcponcD^io cbfFcS tcfiifri aat 
ad kgjninam fui appropnariojicm refpe- 
^n p^rrtcularis pcrtonf cri^unr ci lua ni- 
tura codpcr;iiidiicjTt phytic^m ad bonam 
■comniune> ab iis f^ui foUni exiffuor ia- 
icotienakm, ac moralcm cooperjtiofictn, 
EipoDeocur inquam, dum diccrur dcmo- 
di^acquircndi sn fpi^cir^ Nuuc taim rJft* 
cum dcccLuitiir in gertcre. 

Tcrtia coudit;o cft , «t ^traf enjur<^ue 
propiia fai^a jam femcl fucrinCj gjdcm 
laaneaot in peTpetunmiquactum capacia 
pcrpetaitari^ iUa furrit^t ^ n^ec in ahuiii 
traufire portJnr abfjquc ip/itis conicofiij §c 
quateniis, feu jlloiaarum mod<>, quo ipfe 
confcnftritx Hoc ptobat cfficr*citrr ptima 
tatio D* TKomr fupra pmdu^a, pro ne- 
ctffiiate DaiLHali diTiitoiMf rcrum. Non 
^Mlimea (ohiiri nepli|»tfitcf at uno ^uctfue 
admintftranrur , qua; funt niftnmo com* 
0luaUifc<i ca ee4^0ij<]tix iblum habcatcT 



^ 



Df di^vijtene jufid, ffty . 

pus,dcbeoique aut pt ironr tranfir« 
m ablquc ip(ius conlctiiu, vtl lim- 
r> vclc{uoaclaliqui(i. 
nfirmacur pijcrcrca hacc condicio cx 
lcuchbus, quia quod quirque concri* 
: in bonum commuoe pro appro« 
a rc aliqua, vcl tflcc iricvocahilc, 
ocabilc. Si primum , cflec iniqu,^ 
H acquircnris condicio^ S'*'^^. h^^ ^^ 
ccricura impcndiflcc aliquiU ni(a^ 
r^dicuiura. Si fccundum^cain prj* 
rrfona, quamcommuaicas fcmpci fvi 
m habcrcnc folIicicoSj & dc rcbus 
kinime fccuros, inr>minence ucritrcji 
jcionccoinunium util.catum. Q^ 
[lulta dici pGffcncfe^poffunccadcrn 
^quoqucfacilc coufidciari inconlc- 
iam corum, qujr jam cxptfira fuar. 
rmacurrurfus^quia reddcreniur con*^ 
ibilcs, ac minimccfficacts tiicucts, 
s homincs inccr fc maiimc conci* 
r, dum ca crogarcncquorum ncqiQ 
eflcc nequc accipiens fuimus cifct 
incns,& fccuruspafl^cflor. 
od autem uiiicuique debuerir feltnt 
Dcrafacuhas, nt partemqux flbi ob'* 
:t, poflee in alium cransferre quacc- 
)(\ libuiffet, cx co ^ft manifcftuin* 
jus cujufquc privatuai io j^aitc. ^b\ 
Y 1 i4W*^ 



ConiTrigenre lucct^dic jun cummdn 
dividtio, q'Jt;d habcbat fimul cum 
Tju^ aliisad tncnm omtitum boDoi 
mulam/ At juri illi romrnuQi, &^ 
<luo teauacrArehomincs potuf j?fn£ 
h^io confeutu. Ergo par cft lu pci 
tiam rcni3itciar<i juii prtvatOr qnar 
itiyni iUt focccdit» Pitct cot^req 
Qjii^ ius natun pra^cipieos divi 
iioQ.prarccpitj tit Jiommes ficcctit c 
tis cobdiiionTS i fit^aidetn jti^ naci 
t|uod ab co prarcipicur, conilitutit' 
cllnc rimwfc c^cacrts humani. Fie^ 
tcm dctcrioiis condicionisr ^ bqu* 
rcnt libcrt^ccni a:(]^uc loLuiam, aj 
tiKtcri^ pjfibus< 

Poftcrior ifU pars huias tcniie < 
tionis confitmacur ulrerius compat 
cum parte priori. Q«ja ficutalicna 
rei unicuique contingentis abfqu 
ccyofcnru rcddercrinfclicem diyifioi 
bfteiifum cfl s ita impoteotia alii 
C imlibaiflTet^fi: quatenus libuiflet, 
di^rcteandem infeliccm inrer alia f 
l/afcduo, Aiterum e(l, quia fieri di 
tuitucin parceunicuiqucappropria 
l^ectrencofnnibusoTTinia neceir^ria ^ 
itliii tempqre. Ergo ii quod quifq 
tjicitt utiti ^Q^ ^icftaodo id aha 



2>f divifione jafia, fdf 

''" mutarf , conftitucrcncur homincs faUeni 

'^ plerjque racionc divifionis rcrum in iai- 

^ porcntia C\}y\ providcndi dc omuibus nc- 

'' cetTariispercoinacacioocm eorum qua: ha^ 

l>crc»c cum iis,quibas magis indigcicnc. 

Alccrumcflc{ui;»cmpoce»ciaaIienand: im^ 

> pcdirccafum vircutum r&cialiiim,& ami- 

cabilium libcralitacis.graiicadinis & Qmu 

■ ■ lium in co gradu,<fui cUocceirinas rcfpc- 

AutociusmuItitudinisliomiQum. . 

Poftrcma cx his confequens conditio 
cft, uc pars bonorum unicurque contin* 
gentium (ic transfenbilisin alios non ex 
qualicuB^ue eiufdcm c&nfenfu, fcd vci 
gratiofo, & bcnc mcreiui apud cum , iii 
quem fierct translatio,vel conftituenrex- 

* qualitatcm inrcrda-tum & accepcum. Ra- 
" tio cft, qura (i transhpiarci, q^ua: d^ uniui, 

* inaliumfa^Va crit non couftituta aqu:ih- 

* latcinfcrdatum & acccptum, ncc c*ir«'!]^is. 
;' lucric gratiosd collatus ab co, cui n-inu^ 
^ conciogit hab^:re, is planc jartuv.un eare- 
^ ouspatieiur,coadlus, Hoc auier.i lincin» 

iuria cx partc coj^cncis coutinoeie mini - 
n\c poccft. Cum enim omncshomincseU 
fen-t aequaTes abinitio quOrtd cerminos li- 
berraris, tam marerialircr, qu;.n:i fi^rrria!)- 
tcr i ^< poft.^a iucCqualicas niaiLiiali^^ icr- 
duda fit abfq.uc ina:qualiute fou\\a.lx > 
Y 5 T^-- 



c 




Bcc fecusfini potucric J.iJvD iure tiirtiratti 
utlicjnerci iicV^sprjrfrnira cim pri»Tum 
co^f^Kioj^^m , itque inrcr cogcDicrn, U 
co^dtam manifefta intercc*ijif HTcquaSitx! 
fotiTiilis i (t^uidcm qat.CDgit, plus fit>] ac« 

rans, St rtfVnn^eda libcrtJte alicna,ou4:t 
q'li c<ig»t!ir, rRt iiim rioa pJtrn^, ille plcnd) 
jtTii'* &^hr^ liiTtiifcfi muur fua liSeiiacc. 
C^im inqDacn litc o7nrii.i ita fe h^bciiil 
coniequcfis pUne cft, nc toties neccffc fii 
itjtervcnirc iiijufhti^ni prtraxvo ji^ri aa.^ 
im^ rontr;ir!^rti) uirc ilTfr^bilccUrUJta uai-* 
^eifali jtit^r homjncs coDvcn^ian^i QtiO' 
tics n t rrandiit^o it-tum j qaac'fi/nc uurus< 
in aluiiTv ^ibf^irc icjaalititc infer urruiB^ 
qrjCj £c fiinyl a^ftj nt^ akcrutcms fi^Tatiofa 
Gaoaii cir^ffl^im coUaciQne) & coafcafi 
fimphcirer libL-ro* 

Q^aproprcr commat Jiio laeqiial^is tioi 
Kibcsis aJ iniram ^ra^io^am tniUtioQcrr 
ex ahcrurra pjrcc cll injutlii muho verl 
mai^^i» transhrio rcip quf cflunius, in i 
Ijum ab quc iillii cotimutationc, ec coa 
fcofudomitti : qcqhc fiac i^^ cnndttiotti 
l^ocuir fi :ri rcctim mvjfif). Confeniui pof 
lo inr^thgitur, vcI-Mup]icilus,vcl eiplici 
ta^. Q^u Ckim homjpcs non ctofnui I 
C iimc|ji* \ ^tQs^itct vwm^c^A. ii<tl"ci Qcc a 



Bt!ria,& ^ngula, vul lim.'licicer,7elprouc 
ppo/crc rempera^vercercqiiz {imihcer eor 
run^em reoriim,a4ic C(iin.:ioiuus iocere(l>, 
iitdc vel alicer difpooantUT dc oovo.cilcc 
ioiquacorum condiiia; i^jdkfec^us (iugu* 
iiorum quoai prseCenciam, «i||.advcicea* 
riam, & coDreDfum explicicum iuppl.'ri 
lion poirecpr^efumpri.oDe aliorum, funda* 
taio conrcn(u domiuorum caacum uni>- 
Terfaliac implicito^ fcu vitcuali, auc mc- 
diaco cum ucilicace vel fpcciali iplorumi. 
vel commuoitacis. Cujus lei cUrior de- 
jHioDftiacio exhibebicuriDpro(;r4i(ru. 

lacerim circa arqaalitateFn hocpfacttrea 
noiandusn e^l^oon debcreillam meoluraii 
depcDdcaccr ab afFc^u fpeciali, <]u.o qui> 
xcm aiii|uam profcquicur per accidens. 
Qiiia ancc reriim divifionem jequc pat^ 
baot omBibus res omaes exteriorcs quo- 
cumque demum mo^do affcdi eiF.nr erga. 
illas. £rg6 cirec contrarius naiurx» ii iu- 
ducerecur inxqualiras quoad ics exccria- 
res juxra proportionalem inccrioris afFe- 
dusioasqualitaccm. Quem videlicec uoi.- 
cuiqueptfrm'iflum e(l qaal^m, & quancum 
libucric coiicij=>erc ab^qut* ja6Vur.i rcrutn id 
qaaiavHcuur, Sc abfq-ic ulluis juns .xin- 
dc acq'nfi'ioni: , quiuum cii: cx vj \'M\< 
oatur^Jjs^^uatcuu:» t ompat;ivxv.vs\\vivvv\v\ ■ vv 
Y 4 •^'^^^' 



-:z ^ttfiio XLIII. 

cum homiDC) & praefcribencis ucicuiqne 
rcsminos, proprix libcrx faculcatis Ra- 
fio a priori tl\ quia uc prarmifTum eft lob 
initium quarftionis prarccdcDtis,alFcQaS| 
& csccraquac homiDcm rceundum fe io- 
triDfcce afiiciuiit> func fua Sc prof ria CB- 
jtifquc ^urMaturae ; idque proindcpeca* 
hum poccd quifque quancumlibcc augcT« 
vcl minucre , quin.ca de caufa Qllam ia* 
^uram patiaturj auc ullum cmoluaicn- 
tumpcrcipiacquoad ca^quaeidem jas ni- 
tuia? fccicomjsibus cum a?q.ualitate com* 
]nuDia,acque cx praefcripto eiufdem juris 
}us humana libcxcate conftirntum 9 atqitc 
ulcimo detcrmio.itum cmnium induftrix, 
ac forcuna; a^qualicercipofuic^urcumqDc 
affe(fVi cfTcnt.. ^ 

Accedit incommodum iBgcDS: qnod 
cx oppofica juris racione requcrctur. Se- 
querctur namque quo quifquc fapientior 
cflec ac maieri probirace prardicus» eo pcc 
fe loqucndo debcrcc in commucacionibus 
minusaccipefci & co plus, quo infipica* 
tior cflct ac dcccrior« Ncmpe quo quis- 
que fapicntior maiorifquc probicatis c(V» 
co magis afficicur ad xiern^,8c minus ad 
}i2cc cemporalia» quaccomparatioDe ille' 
rum vilercunc animo redc ucraque pon- 
iera&tu lu^^ ^^tcoo^x^ ^^v^^ Ca^icnciam , 



Z» dlvifione jufta. jrj 

& proi)ifatC;ii, inlipieiuiam, & improbi*- 
taicm, vel cerrcafFcdum illis reguiatum 
clFc partcm inctcis aur prctii, in commu- 
tationibusi & rcm minimctransfaibilcm 
in alium conftitucrc iDtrinfec^ id, <lc cu» 
ius in alium translationc a£;crctur> atque 
tradari ut commatabiIc> acrique macc- 
wam contradus commutatiociis.quodcf' 
fenriaiitcr clt inGommura^ilcac iorran?- 
fcribile. i£qualitas igitur penfaiula cfl: 
pepcs asAimabilrratcm convenieotcm rci 
i-ndjpcndcnter ab fpcciali> & accidentaH 
«{limariooe, ac afFcdhi cuiufqiie erga il- 
lam 8l pendentcm fo4um a. natusali ho- 
minum eonfliitKixn^c, aliifqutr cxteriori* 
busreium rpfarmn circumftantiis varian"- 
ribus muruam carandem reuixxi cx>inpa«- 
laiioncm intcr fe^. 

l{\x omnescoDcHtiouesacrimiratiDnes 
cypofita; funt fccrfim maioris claritaxiS' 
gratia, & quia carumi-nrdlrgcntiaconfer- 
i-e pluiii=nijm poreft^ad cxpcditiornai do- 
terminarionem qu»rbionum feqqcBtiHm^ 
Bcc non ad dirimendas ab unoqttoqtie 
qua;(tionesalias minutiorcscirca.peouiia« 
res-in unoquoq«Te gencrc iniuria-s., qua«> 
runriigillatim & ipf parriculati profcctt* 
-rio evadercr nimis loii^a > neque cfir pir> 
dirpmatioiic ufcj-ue aato idonca.. Car— 



difioiiicjaam diccijdo : di virvo j^jrum jiiri 

#rt^iijjfi r i^e t c snftf tm m4 fr^prfM m cm ; **</<)(» 

^ f^ffliff»^'«4y^vi ^mnmm ftlidtiHtm. Qjil 

vct6 haitiljTiDd* divriia dcfccgdic cjt pTJ* 

fcnptq facis Ditmralis, & iadufta eft tcii;- 

*rim (locfcora qijo.id pr^cipui ciu&c^pin 

lp tr j u ^ gta c i u ot co n d iTca r^ hus C\ o ga hv 4 p* 

-ptopriacioni^qairn cjui^ic pj:x'>ccup4i* 

4o, fccitrf;, tct^uc jus gentium c^Bfuodir 

-lur fje]>f a JiitircoofuUis cum jureaatiJrJi 

*utdi^;im cil Q<i:cJi. 7. proprcrea Itifljcur 

^eccctim jivihonr» ^ ftfit iicicurj id f««i 

#;»/f ntt-IIius eR Hjttnrali mtimt i&ntedit>4^ 

reect^f^anti, R.arftis quia pUires ^cam diTi 

flooes iEuQt immediate decrctts 5: Ugiba 

Prificipum ex coac00ioae foris genctmii 

($C natur^, |[>copterea AugufVino dicere li 

Cttittra6l/^.iaIoaa. fMod h^ vfUa fitmss 

C^ ilUtUiiiifl ix fHU ImferatiKMm, Nci 

^tium tamen horum fieri a.uc honeft^ ai 

-cti^m Talid^ potuic fiTe f er conyeotk 

'»enigcDtium,(i*epcrdccrctaac legesl* 

(peracorum»riveulloaliomodoni(idepei 

AfiAtsj; JL i Mteaumxy & cum coaditia» 

h 



jye drvifione jHftd^ $i^' 

biis ab co prsefcripis, & hacufq; cxplica- 
ciSyCiim iifdcm vcro potuir» & poteft fievi 
divifio reram per liberim homiaum con- 
vcncidDcm,& ftacutum. 

Ad 1. Q^od cft ntilitari alicujus, vcl ali- 
guorum dcputaru, fubjacct cjus (cucorum 
Toluutaci folum quoad cas ucilitatcsqux 
cidcm ucl cifdcm conccfTae riinr. Res au- 
tcmcxrcriorcsconccfl*i^funtaDeohomini* 
busnonquoad uttliratcs qualrfcumcj; th* 
fpe£lunngulorum,fcdqaoad cas/qua?bo* 
iio communi congruunc &.refpiciunr at* 
«jiiauratcm rcfpcfbu cujqfvis in parriculati 
pro uc comparari cum ca?teris. Eatcnus, 
jj^irur tancijmf^odo conccffum cft homi- 
uibusuthoncftc&.vaUdcdc iis rcbus dis- 
ponerenr juxta regulasdatas.. 

Ad 1. Proprcrca non dnbitatur dc hooc- 
ftate, & validiratccorum quae comuni| ho- 
.minumconrenfu ftatuta funrcirca rcs iftaSs 
cxrerioresfcnfibus obvias, &. facileintclli- 
pihflcsperfc6le,quia cft moraliierimpos» 
fibile, ut omncs, aut ciiam pltriqueerrent 
circa difpofirion? carum quoad principia; 
omnibusaur plerifci; comunia. Deiisao- 
tem qna?funt motalitcrimpoffibilia perin- 
denonddbitarur* arquc de impofrfbilibuSs 
phyiic^^ qiiia pcrindc non cveniuar. 



Q^V^STIO XLIV 

Virum Offina hfitnntis jsfrifdiiH^r, 
imrinffci in^vvntfii^ilig^i 

VI D 1 s T V jt non cfft JDvcndi 

f^iinda a Ducilla Biabanciac 
dct obr ti. ad <|U2rn:, ; , his vcrbi 
*video ^uiiti hfijufmtfdi cfffra^ j$(n U 
iif ^^fnderCi dnmmodo tslibm iitm^ 
quihm pajfii^ fr^fHnfi, qu&d fnt utilg 
Ii4 fjpci^ exetrendai ^mntMntpprB 
dantur ftjfitittt qued f^c-uftrnn n4>n ^ 
_ nt ^rjiVjimiut "Jtfitorum fttlditfrjer. 
^o ferTatis duabus jllis coodjtroni 
cirCj& vaiidevcndipoffuniofficb 
fia JDrjrdi^^foQcm, NcmpcdciaU 
ficiis eft ea cotsrultacio. 

^^rOfficia&cuhriafuiTt inpriii) 
.pAiretemporalcjUcpacet. Deindef 
de appetjbilia.. Ambiuncur CDim 
ex^^cDlis laboris Hc iDdQdriae ; £c 
pequniarum fumma? a mu1tisq.u;^n 
ter ero£;antur pra.illis obtinendis, 
fbncvendibilia. Parec conffquent 
ooR a^lia df caufa panis, &yinum 
9»od\ C9(tua ab Qmoibus cenfenr 



I>e vtndit. ojjielw, fJT 

dlMlia. Qnaproptcr D. Thomas barc 
cnndcm ratioiicm uniccpr«mittit (v.x illi 
affetrioni aicns : Cum autem bali^vii fjf^fiffi^ 
eialibHt ^veftrii nihil eommietJitis niptempe* 
ralis o^cium poteftatis non 'uideo, (ji*c. £ft 
igitur cfEcax ilta racio. 

3.. Maichionacus, GomicatuSt Ducatul 
▼cnduntur de fatfto cacius 2 piis & cimo» 
raias confcicotia? ptLn€ipii>u9 ob adjuo- 
£lam illis jurifdidbioDem, qua fcciufa ooa 
TcndcrcDtur tince prctio r«d<iiH]S>& alia- 
cmelumtnra pccuniaria honorariis illis 
tirulis devinda. £rgo jnrifdi^io eciarn 
ipfa fccuadnm (c eft Tcndibiiis , & habet 
rationcm partis mcrcis in ▼cnditioae ju« 
fia. Qjiiis cniniaudeac damnacc tanquam 
iiijuflam cor jaQif&moru Ptincipum pra* 
zim , antiquam & quotidiaaam augcn^ 
tium pretium obadjundam pra?cis^ juris* 
didioncm. Aucqux ratio difcriminisrc» 
pcrjci poteft> ob quam jurifdidtio fimul 
cum rcaliavendi cjufqjuc prettum augere 
poAit ', fc«rfim irct^ yendi non poflic pras- 
iercim cura cjufdem rationis ac juris (ir» 
five illa alia.ries prius, dcindc jurifdi^io 
fcotfim , Gyc uuaque ^m^ ac indf Ti£ak. 
vcndantur. 

4. Licccjurifdidi^prtmoacprincipali*-^ 
&ec ^t ordxAata.iA bonum commaDicacis^ 



¥ 

fecuTniarto ta n^-n, 5c nmut* pTtncif ilicct 
cedit rttanrt iti unlirarem cjiis k qno ha- 

fp€Ctu c«tetoriim,uc diifVuTn dl q\ix^.}l 
$C ^ Fitrri aujem ootcttj ut uciH^^iS lccilii* 
difii &S. miaas ftvincJL^alis altcujiis rri fii 
jarqu^Ui TOii atieriEis r^H tiriht^Li oh majo* 
r^mattbmabOiticeri] i3ni^i,q^am ahciias, 
ob quaiii iijLt^fd cfl {ccundiriam ac mitvu! 
principale in uno a<i.e^ufrf aktr ctiam lc 
pcrei j^Liodcllpnmariurii ac princip^k it 
ahcrOt ConBrmatuT a poltcnorE , <^>ii; 
qiiodcft {I^cti^idaEium dc minQsprineipali 
10 janfdifliione crtmmunirer bjbcttirplii 
jTS. 5c ambnurma^iscjMam cftifd^ui^ titr 
Irtaris/impUcitcreit id patvi pccuQiarun 
^uantitate* 

j^. Si haf< officia efrenrtnT%i»libiHafc 
«nndnm rceircaceriam id^r6Ji|>ilijhqaoa< 
cmolamcjitapecnaiaTiA illisatiafx^. Qoii 

2u9mJodocam^f79n<iantor»:fii;qai|DtuJrS 
em iocaBvcDieotiA r oefnpe quoi civ^ 
|>oflquain ca emcrinc graffebtur io fttbdi 
sos oon roUim ut cx{>enra& faflas re(laa 
jtcnc>fedetiamata<lulreriores in dienita 
tibus progrefTus viam fibi parcot; *Atqti 
•tioc eflbalterum ineon>eniens, quod nfini 
&amiaiUfiiLt)Mt cmt ntafc^diiif oDanfa 

^i«i 



\ 



obttncnda e.i otficu per virmtem & fa- 
picociam, (ed magis accumulaiidio peca- 
nias perbonas. vel malasaicesprareuoce ad. 
loci ip(ius ezcropto Rcipublfca: (eu fu- 
piemi Priacipis doccntis ca' veiidicioiK: 
venditionem faD<5lioQam jarrididioDa- 
hum> & peconijs avidicacem^ 

^. Uc hxcofiicia.Teadt a4>n pofiSnc di*- 
gniori, cui debcn&ur deccrininacc, falcfm- 
vcadi poceruac indignOv& minas digno». 
quibus non debeotur , cerce ▼endicio his, 
fada eric valida, nullumque inde maoe- 
biconus re(licaendi,idqae eadcm fere r»- 
tioDe q,ua judex tx communi au^orum 
opinioae facic faas pecunias accepcaspro 
fearencia injufta,* licec Don faeiacfuas>. 
qaasaccipit pro fenccatiaj«ufta. Ef^enim 
eaiem ucrobique cacio, £rgo veaditio 
iftiufmodi offijciocam. non clt iDtrinfec^^ 
invalida. 

7. SalcemeleiftiD.uaias pr«alioe]i seqae 
^ignis vendi poced. Licec eaim. coacut- 
TCQcibus mulcis aeque dignis dcbeacur ele- 
'i£^ioaUcai eorumvage, &. iadecefminacej|, 
Bon camen debecur naic potias qaam al> 
teri dctermiaare. E-r|!;o pro cle^ione ha- 
jus detcrminatepotefiaccipi aliquod pre- 
r-iam« Qaxlibct enim rcs quarenuseft in- 
dcbicacitYeadibiiiSj fi.riiivuiilxpurctrm- 



— - — , — I , 

jeciacre »bipacrcm docispz 
jus decertninarc prx caeccn 
tibus coDdiciooes requi/ic 
lc ^ de aliis obli^aris ad d 
facem decerminacam» auc 
deadum pco- decerminaco { 
deccrmiiiatx perfoi^a?. 

R.BuODa illa> quocum di^ 
be^a hominum conyenrioD' 
daabns proiimeprarcedeDti 
bus duplici ftimmo gener 
Alia naiiaquerunr quasperi 
tiam diflrfbucivam canqua 
jnaceiia proxima ; alia q^uae 
tivam ', juxta* didba quarfl. 
>arer iflas duas juflicias c 
praidanrior . ouarcnus eiu 



l>e vendit, dffictor, 5*1 1 

butivacaccDfctur praecipua,quaquafritur» 
an officia ialtcm fa^culdtia habcntia aDne- 
xan^ fnrifdidiioDcm (incvcndibilia. Affir- 
B)ant Caieranus. Vazquez, Valencia & alii 
qnam plures. Neganc Adriaousj Mcili- 
Da, Angies^Turrianus & alii. Diftinguic 
LeCTius j oimirum eiurmodi offitia, quo* 
lobligatioftcs ati ccfcasrun6):ioDes, quai 
porum efrcDcfa, & quoad.juflum flipca-' 
tm^eifdcm obligationi & fundliooibus. 
correfpoodeDS» «irc iDvendibilia.» Tcodi- 
biUa Ter& quoad ^ignicaccm dc pracemi* 
ncntiam re^pedu caBccrorum>neG doq quo* 
ad occafioftcm ac fpein lucrajidi ultra: jit«^ 
ftum (lipendiam». 

Didindio ida LclGi partim fubfiftir»' 
partim non fubfiftic. Subfiftic quideift 
quoad obligacion^ ad fan^iones & quo^ 
adfpcm lucrandi. Quia Yixc duofuDcin- 
Ticem feparabilia, & coiidicionis ac xdif 
macionislongc divcrfa?. Nod vcro fubfi- 
ftir quoad eaod«m obligatioDcm ad fun- 
6^ioRes, & quoad digoiraccm, acpraemi.. 
ncntiam refpc^tu fubdirorum. Quiaharc 
duo func cfTeDcilicei iDvicem infcparabi- 
Iia,& ideDcificacamucuoio€ju.fmodi offi* 
ciis > acque diflin6Vio rationis» fi cameti 
& harc ipfa eft poiTibilis ioccr ea cxcr^r 
mz, cucn cales fiiBaioaes liac cfTeDci^ 



liccrac formalicec proprio; pr2eenn*ilcotiS| 
uc praeemiDcntis^ DiiiHQdlio isqaa^ ra- 
tiooiSQibil facicproD^gocio veoiiicioDis, 
qaandoquidcm «cQdicio ef^ rei uc efl io (c, 
& Dcn uc (ic vel aluer apparec io inulle- 
£la formalicer. 

QuaprdpcerdiftiogaeoJum eft ulrerioi 
duplex genus prarcmincQcix , adjaceo^l 
officiis jurifdidbiooalibus. Primum pMr 
tminencixgenus e(l, quod efliltisiocria- 
{cciim,aceUenciaK', & confidic i*i fola, ac 
prarcifa pocedace uoias, uc praecipiaiy ac 
irececaliis,c(^rquedicigac, & io obligacio* 
Dealiorum^.itc tUi pareaBC>ac coAformea- 
tur* Alcerum praeemioeocia; geous eA fe- 
parabircabfoluce ab iifdem aMctis» illis- 
qucexcrinfccusruperaddicum peclegcSj lc 
confiflic io peculiaribus privilcgiis, coo* 
ferencibus.perrona: io officio coodicucx 
pcculiarem fplcDdorcm, ornacum, ac vc- 
Dcrabilicaccm ulrra eam,quam confcrcex 
nacura rei jurifdi<5t»o nuda fecuodam fc. 
Ejurmodi funr, poflTc j^cftaii fpccialem ha- 
biTum & infignia, Diohibita caeccris ; praf- 
ccdercloco in publicis & privacis confffli- 
bus, inccrcflTe convcncibus homin im ?rx- 
cipuorum pro negociis majoris momertti j 
cximi ab offlciis vilioribus, & fcrvilitaci- 
b US , po p \i\;kU\io:i> ^MX 'Jl <:\i5.NX'CfiO\i^v5.\\\s ta. 



I>e vtndit, cffichr. 515 

^um graTofis retnporc pacis, & bclli; tra- 
(kzii modo pcculiaricer hoaortiico in caa- 
(ts civihb.us, & crimiBalibus^haberc a<li- 
tum frcqucBtem^ 5c facilcm aJ PriDcipcm> 
conllitui iD fpc promotinDum ad aliqua. 
majora id hoc cod^-fh ordioc rcrum, & (l- 
milia. Sccun^um iftud pr«cmincDtia:,gc- 
«as noQ cft ubiquc uoiforme, fed muici- 
plcz^ ik varium in divcrfis provinciis, &.. 
dpdd dxv^rfos Principcs,. habcti^ttc ipx- 
qualem xdimacionisgradum juxtam ma- 
gnitudinem, & exiguicatcm, amplitudU 
Dcm,& rcftri(^ioncm dominii, ac territo-p 
rii> & juxcaqualitatcm ac Dumerufo ma« 
jorem > ve( minorem eoruin , fupra quos 
cvehicur, qai donatur officio^ idcoque 
Dulli univcrfaltac unifarmi tcgulae fnbjici 
potcfl:^ Qua de caufa nihil de eo gcacre 
pra?eminencias in przefenci dicecur, auc- 
fubincclliciretuc in progrcfl*u , fcd tantuin 
dc primo illo gr ncre, quod cfl ubique uni- 
forme, & inefl officiis jutifdiifliQiialibus 
inrtinfecc ac pcr fc. 

Diccndum itaqucabfolut^cft cjufmodi^ 
oflicia cfTe inrrinfccc invsndibilia, fi fc- 
cundum fc pra;cisc confi^^rcntut, fcu quo* 
ad ea qusc funr cifdcm incrinfcca, & eUen- 
tiaiia : vcndibilia vcr& cffe quancum eft 
de fc quoad cmolumcuu ^tc^OkVjkX-wx-i. tl^ 




Quisi ofhcia habcDtia anr 
^ioncm fecundum fc prj?ci< 
cura inccinfecanon funr pr 
paliccr ordinara in ucilicacei 
fccunrur>fcdpocius inucili 
modum comniunicacis cac 
pcr alium confcrentis» uc 
communi omnium confco 
apparec clar^ cx di6(is quaei 
tittmgenusbonorumcomn 
ofa i conTcrfo pzim&, 9c ( 
ordinaca cz fua nacura in uc 
modam habencis illam cac 
ez fe faris paccc, & cxpof 
dem quxfl. jg. circa prir 
dum gcnus bonorum com 
nifcftum aucem eft non 



Djt Vfnilit* officsof. 5ri f 

majon damno. Cum crgo vcnditio non 
ponTit cfTc juda abique az^ualicatc intcr 
daturn, Sc accepcum, parcc ofticia habtn* 
tia anncXJm Jurildidicnem cflc prpr- 
(iis invcndibilia, ii fccundum fe prxcis^ 
coDfidcrcQCur) 

]^xplicacur& urgetur ha;c ratio. Quii 
communitas indigcc aliqno jurildidio- 
Dcm habcDte, a. quo multicudo dirfgacur; 
toerceaturacdcfcndacur« & in mutua pa- 
ce cranqnilla> ac benevola conlcrvccur; 
indrgec yero non miDus, (i non & mulco 
inagis, quam indigec medico> magidro» 
Zc aliis ejufmodi. Qcc ullus civium dererr 
minac^) ica indigcc poteUace ca;ccros gtt* 
bernaQdi. SLCutigicurinciinfeceiniquumf 
& turpctffctcommunitaccm vcndcreoSi- 
cium Magidii, Medici> & aliorun- eius- 
modi fccundpm fc prae-ciic, Sc fccluds o- 
mnibuscmolumcntis pccuniariis,eorum- 
que fpe, ica jncrinfccct iniquum & curpe 
cft vcndcre officiiim habcns anncxam ju- 
lifdidVionem itcuudum reprffcife. Tenec 
paricas ob racioncm jam dacam. Quiavi- 
delicec utrobique primo ac principaliccc 
cedic communicaci ucilitas non folutn 
prec»i. fcd etiam mercis, fcu cius, quod 
vrndic. Quod manifeftc eft concra ra- 
tioiicm juft» yenduionis. Augecur vis 




non folum prccii^ fcd ctia 
pudempcorcm (]aod illi v 
h:{ iaaequalius ac taJQfli 
Ncmpc cmptor, & vcndit 
arqualis (ic con:ra6lus, fu^ 
gcniiz confuicre dcbcc, |< 
aeque inviccm miles, & 
toca utiimqu^ ucilicas pi 
palicier ccdac. 

Alteta pars conc!u(ionf 
emclumcnta pccuniaria 
Tcodibiliaper fc quo ad e 
dii jufti nullonegocio coi 
talia cmolumenca potcft < 
qni viccs gcric communi 
abl\|iieunainjuria, quanti 
ipm^s :ci, Eipo & vendci 



Jye 'Vtndtt, ffffichr, fl f 

brcma pars conclufioDJS, qiioH hxc 

(unc invendibilia per fc quoad jii- 
lipcndiuni, vendibilia vei:6 ptr ac- 
, probacur. Qnoad pcr fc quidcn^y 
libunnflrpeodiuni cftdcbitum ez ju- 
rxerccnti jurifdiclioncm> non fccus 
oranri in vinca. Ncmini autcm 
poccfV, quod ci dcbcrur cx ju(licia« 
\ locus sequalirati juili(ix,quando 
) prccii, & obligacio, ac onus cx fe 
ibilc gravain folum cmcnccm vcn- 

ucrimquc iucrance. Probacur iteni 
. per accidcns. quia rcs publica poted 
irecivcs, ut incumbtnt bono cem* 

tam in hoc generc, quam iu quovit 
racis, & abfqucullo (lipendio quan- 
cas anguftias redada cft, ut non fic 
ido; feufolvcrcncn poteft,quin pa- 

aliud malum majus, quam cogere 
os ad iaboiandum abfque mcrcede^ 
aftitucrc iDarqualiracem , inter civcS 
Doranccs , & alios nihil prarftanrcs, 
aequivalrac il!i Iabori,quianon po(- 
auc non cxpcdic. Vendcrcautem an- 
:tafoiacione juftum ftipendium die- 
)rovenicns cx fuD<^iouibus ofliciit 

reipfa cft aliud quam obligacc a4 
andum oflScium,fcu fundlioncs offi- 
acis, & abfqut ft^pcndio* In hunt 



lKii?<^moduin^acqae(iii;.ci^ffBodt difti 
woDe,(iiDt ▼«^dibilia & iflLtcadibiUa oi 

jhii i, Ima ca Tcrbrap, Tbotn je coqi 

inaiic ▼etam (niceonain i qaif fccao 

^ coa(litiaabiproappofitaMr/»MiMitf»/H 

loi^iint habeic polTct^fi ifUofficia tkpml 
tunieflcat Teadi.bilia^ ^ooademolaiiiM 
pc,ci|oianai; UA eciam fccaaiarm fe> ft %ii 
a<f nadam |arifcfiSioncm« Qjaia tonc 
flDcntct .^ ipfam officii colUtioncm \ 
j^ptircBc pattcm eompcnfi^ion^aac p^i 
jpcDfation^m adxqoanm Mccii. Tblod 
confoquenccf non licerec illis cocam pt 
cium recuperare^ ^ut rappooic licerc I 
Thomis^ oei|ue cum graTamiDe» ncqi 
£nev'ravainine fubdicorum. Neqae coi 
|>erc upcic ocni ofticii fecuBdttm fe poB 
acquiri jus ad rcbabeodara caotaodc 
]>ccuQiaram ulrra ilIadofficium> ncmo ; 
quidein potcil pcr cmptionem acqaixc 
jasadmerccii, &ad rJiquidainpIiuspr] 
fercim scquale roci pretio. Igitar Div 
Thom&s folamapprobar ▼CDdiriooemo 
ficiorum quoad cmoltimcAca pecaoiui 

?ux cxigenda fufponic per offictalcs 
ubdi(is« 

Ad 



Ad £. K.acioilla dcfumpta ex D . Thsma 

cihilconcludirynificumiimicacioocabeo 

adhibira> & nupcr nocaca ad i. acque ia 

fcnfu illam inclndeace. Id q«od dcmoa* 

ftrari efiicacicer pocell ; quia eciam ma* 

u tuum eft quid pure cempofale» & eft ralde 

I «ftimabile» acque pro eo obciaeado ero- 

ganc macfiatarii muicam pecuniam» & ni* 

hilomiBus cfl inTendibiie fecundu fe prr- 

ciici iicdicecurqua;ft.4^. Eademeilracio 

ucib]demapparcbicdeattcicipaca,5cdilaca 

folucione preciorum pro mcrcibus qnarum 

alccca refpedbu vendencis» 6c aiccra refpedlu 

cmencis fuoc ralde «ftimabiics, Sc acra- 

f|tte cil quid pure lemporatc, uc paccc> 8C 

quasricurab alccracris» au£bo 8c dimiauc# 

prccioi & camen neacra efl Tendibilis, ut 

mcricofaccncuradYerfarii fcreomncs. Er« 

go ad juftamrci Tcndibiiicacem non fufE* 

cic eam eire pur^ cemporalem, (imuique 

|pprti{)ilcm & fumpcibus pecuniarum. 

]ua;(iram per aiiquos. Sed aliquid prxV 

erea aiiudltequiricur s nempe uc pofGc 

onfticui xqualicas incer mercem 8c pre- 

um. Qux arqiialicas repognac inrer pe* 

nias, 9c juriididioncM ac oftenfum eft: 

)ra , ic tfk poflibilis inccr cafdem pe« 

lias, 8c emoiameaca pecuniaria fecun^' 

a q}XK ftxcik conUdearii D* Tho» 




pinAi iuiuuiL-cjL^cu*««3 vpi 

hx y accommodac prctia 
& infimuai pr»<iuin juftur 
xnioi > feu vendcacis^ fcu 
<Bicacius> & magis tempc 
txibuca i alia^uc plura a 
^uii> & officiofa; coucrit 
xncnta pecuniaria,q^uae n< 
dibitia cife ex fua naiura. 
fela venduncur , five fco 
•um pcoprietacibus jurifd 
a Principibus confcrencib 
pacecnulIumargUBiencu d 
'vcndibilicace jurifditSbion 
4k cum feparaca fueric ab e 
jBcnciSi uci feparari abfolu 
gcs ea omnia abradences. 




Vctatti quu iutf: pocelUs qoatetias coa* 
^ uacMraliteiliabica» 9l perciaens^adprcfen* 
tem confideracioneoEi dcpcndec eileBtiali. 
ter ab ezercitio fimilis poceftatis conve* 
nientis comiaanitati ▼.olenti dblfgarci Sc 
obligantide&aohabeotestaliaoucia, ac 
conLttlantbono commiini) camqae in fi- 
; iiem omnem faara indttQ;riam« ac Tires im« 

- pendant» ande fit at qaocies czerceot po- 
tcflacem caBCcros obligandi> tocies» exer« 
ceanc fubje&ionem eiga communicaccm 
•bliganccm ipfos ac ica pbligenc> ilque 
enm hoc dtfcciminc» quod communicat 
obtigat principalicer ad propriam ipfiu!^ 

I uciiicacQm ; minimc.ver^ habencesoiHcia 
adpropriam tpforttmuciUtarcro>c«iusca« 
snen func indigi non minas quam cxceri ; 
; 4c exacroqaecapiteeiasa: fubjc^ionis^ 
. sndigeMtiae deficit eorum poceftas a parci^ 
cipacionediTinar* Quia inquam haec omr 
aia ita fehabcnt» perfpicicar cUredignita^ 
Ctm 5c praceminentiam hominum tubcci* 

- ciam jurifdiAioncm ciTe arquilibratam i^ 
imo & praBponderatam fiib}e&ione erg;]| 

• communitacem diTetcentc t ites animi) d^ 
corporis i propriis uciliracibus ad commu* 
ncs. Patccauccmbonum prc-cpondcracum 
onerc cffctitialiteJ: fibi conjunc^ovcndibilc 
ncqaaquamcflCf Ciiyrc argaca^\i\.>3itcv 4ti.« 



^ix §l!f-^flf» XLIV, 

cipitjqQiacoDii^N^racUoRvmi (ecuD<Iumfe 
ab(':jucir.alohbi ctrcntialircrcoancxo. 

Confirmatio arj;umcnti ab cxaericntta 
rcfcllitut dapl^ci alia czpciicDcia ^ontra* 
ria, Primacftotmits ubiquecommuuira- 
tcs^quaccuus non regutitl'epeTreipras,fu* 

C" er^ddcre o&ciis jurifdidbioBemhtbciiti- 
tts ftipcndiacongcua, 8c plcrumque alia 
prxteret cmolumenra. Quod non iierec (i 
OQits eorum ofFicii^Tum non prxpo»dcra- 
tec prxemincncia:^ senitnatioiii dignica* 
lis. Altcra czperientia eil noD folctcam- 
t)ifi hxc officia> ab iis, qui otiUum ifidt 
cmolumcnttim firgcrc volunt, nccinofti- 
cioquiJquatn qux*ruDcpra;icr ipfum offi- 
ciun-., & curam boni communis coDJun- 
4fcam cum io\2 prxcmincnna* 

' Diccfciium fgtcur c/tambienicsh«coifi* 
cit, ▼cladK^ferc emo(umeot*s, qnm nio* 
dodicchaiuriJ^*^f<^uadi,& poffa^f ab- 



falute ab li^ 
biHa mode 




*iJi* 


\«ll*r« 


11 


ofTiciorum 


\impl4 


1 


pcccatis ir 
patcc clfc i 


fcA 


1 


icce nociv», 


^^^A 





M 



i 



D? vendh. o^ier^ f j j 

Otcs i quai circurr.lUr.tia nilnl tacrr 
vcndibiiiiarc, uc obrervatum cft ia 
:ilionc prxccdccci. Noccr bac in 
c apiid incauros facili fidci vcrx {€&- 
ix>quod qux Qunqaam, auc vix uq- 
n (cpar.anrur> facile appraeKcRduxiiur 
Bfcparabilia cx rc,acque idcQcificdta $ 
|uod affr^us ilmpliciccx irrationalcs, 
itiofi facite QODimaqiiain adfcribuii- 
naturis icrum. 

id j. Picri porcftjHt rcfpublica abi|n* 

[Tiulciscivibus habcncibus d« fao abf^ 

tnalis atcibuspecunias fufficient«sadr 

ium coQftitiuum officiorum, £t fi- 

lcm* concigcrit in i»fdfem (imul adeffe 

oia» ad folvcntiiim, & dij^airatcm ad 

^acicndum obligacioni otFiieii, ccATa-» 

) cJQS veniticione funiJcmolutneh* 

rumque inconve&ieiii plopofitum. 

e cunc per calcrti vcn£rionem dotf#- 

;fpublica» feu FnDccp» ;:oncjaifi'» 

\ pi:ctinix pci niilai arces , & cort- 

m viicutis, 5f taptenu^. QuiaroN 



loi pro exccCTii 

^cc rrictcpsal 
V ciigecuf > 



^ 




rioitb' 



ndn I qucoi 
icpfCLium 
LS paivlius» 

finilum » 



t*! p i Cj q Btfl CO H Ti^ ^:^ L 'biO r; vim (fC tl ti ^ u m fc 

rtftilitur dapl'ci aita cxpCEicDua conr»* 

kt 1 :3 , r ri m a eft om ot s ub i cj y c co m m uti !t4- 
jtCij qiuceuus nori rci^titirrc pcr Eeipiis,fil* 
JfCtJdJtTc ofScn^ jurirdiftiOHcm hibtini- 
otis flipcEicii;icuiir^£t]9« & phrtimcjite ilii 
pr^tcrci cmolumertTi. QjJtsd tionlrcKt € 
biitrstorum offiCH^Tum non ptaeponctcra- 
tct prarcmiocnfia. & ^eftiTtiatitjni dfgmtl- 
^s, Altcra cipcmntrji rft coo rolct^am- 
^hi brc offici^j ab iisj <^ut otitlum ind^ 
tmoWimcDtUTn f^cit voiy»fj nccin ofH* 
cio qiiiL^oaTn tjurruQcprjcicr ipfum cffi- 
ciun;^ & <;uram boni commuiiis conjtin- 
Aam curu fola ptremincani» 

" Dfccaclum igitur cftambicoieslncolfi* 
Ciij fctadnarrcrc cmolumcntis, <^iiae nio- 
cfodiccbtEiiciltis rupcuddij^ pofTaBf ab< 
Kplutc ab iifdcm icparari, Cunrque vcndi- 
tilia modo di^o ; vcl f^ujcrcrc eotQndcffl 
«fTiciottim abtifum , & itrtpuiijratcm fx^ 
fcccw^ inpodcrum committrndis, l|ti« 
pAtft clTc invCDdibilift, cuni iint intriii- 
J^c^ aocivi habcntj ; vd 'dctiTque alfici 
' erga dignitafcm & prjecmintrotiam ix€c* 
'ftu f^tcbU ultw ctjmmunem $c iuftim 
i; [tj fpA^klu^vtia vix %\^^ ^vu.<i«ate» ^Ai- 



De vendh. off^ier^ j[ j j 

ftirotes > qus circumiuntia nilnl tJtcrc 
ro vcndibiiiiarc, uc obfcrvatum cfl ik 
|aa:(lione prjcccdeoti. Noccr bac in 
»artc apiid incaatos facili fidei vcrx fc&- 
cntix>quod qua: nunquam) aut vix an- 
|i a-n (cpar,antur> facilc appratKciadaiiiur 
it inrcparabilia cx fcatque idcntificatA $ 
k quod affr^us ilmplicitcx irrationalcs^ 
i€ vitiofi facile nooAuaqiiam adfcribuii- 
ui naturis rerum. 

Ad j. Picri po:fft,iit rcfpublica ab^n- 
letmultiscivibus habencibus dc fno abf^ 
[Uc tnalis atcibuspecunias fufficicntYsadr 
>tetium conftitntuai officiorum. £t fi- 
[uidcmcoiltigcrit in i^fdfem (imul adcffe 
ccuoia» ad folvcndiim, Sc di;gmratcm ad 
atisficicDdum obHgatioHi cmiietit ccATa-» 
•it ia ejtts veniticione ilunWcmollitneh- 
1 utrumque inconve&icnft prop^tum. 
leque tuncpercklchli vcnlirionem dotf#- 
ic Rcfpublica, feu FriDccp» ^^oncjuifi'» 
ioncm pecania: pci malas artes, & con- 
cmpcum vircutis^ &fapicntijr. QutaroN 
et folum pro exccflo Uipcndli» queiA 
ulli dcbct PrinccpsabfoIucc»ncc prctiuni 
lcc^ionis cxigetur» nifi cartcris paribus» 
c atrenra fimul dif;nirate, ac iJoncit2- 
: ud oiliciuin opiiiiic admTnifhindiim i 
iquc tam in prioiibus, quain la ccKi.tv''^ 

2. 5 «i\T»^^* 



m\ 






^J 
l^ 



n^nihus ir.commodis pag 
V'Oniim corriEnuDC accipic 
iis lolam, dc cjuibus fpcri 
cluirscinnino tiTcofficio 
tia,.icpotcftate abufuros 
le. Qua prxcauiioncadhil 
cxcniphifT, aut incitamcr 
^uxrcndi pccuriiaspcrma 
dcnJi iolis pecuniis, 

/^d 6, Ccitum in primi! 
ci:^ ftcucdum fc dcbcajitui 
gnioribus, dcq ugTn qua: 
FtOQ taintn ^cca illis dcb 
cum emorumentis exccd 
diuip juftum. Fiwri dcinc 
finc phircs ca;ri^ris omnib 



Z>e wndtt. officior» ffy f 

pToboDocommuaijUc ttacui mnlrTplici cx 
«aufaporert. o.ilia iicc ioiuflkia. elcd^O) li 
prcrium ab co cxigacur pto clcdlioiv: ipGui 
potius, quam alccrius a.i cmolumcncauU 
tra juftum Aipcndium. Ergo abfquc !«• 
fionc juftiriac fiTi abfol^urc potcft vcndi- 
t:o qualis fupcrius approbaca cfV. Adde 
dupliccmcircinjulHtianQ,qux confKicrari 
poteft in clc£lione ad ealu o£Scia alrcra 
coniidcns in cIc<^rone minus digni , £ut 
indignij /ivc fimu) inrerccdar> (ivc non in- 
icrccdac vendirio^acqucdc hujufmodi in* 
lafiicianon agicur iu pca:fcnci,fcd a^ctur 
in qua:(lionc fcqucnri ', alccra injuftiria 
confidicformaliccrin vendicione> n^rc eli^ 
gacurdignior, feu miuasdignus, feu indl- 
gnas,acque de hac vcndicionedicicar cfTc 
iniquam inrrinfccc quoad o£cia fccun- 
ium fc> 6c Don cfTc ita iniquam quoad c- 
molumenra pecuniaria cuiufcunquc modi 
Ct dc rciiquo clcdlio. Ncque tangit hoc 
9U3(flum obicflio > fed ncquc illud cah* 
jic quod dicicur dc judice Ycad<nte fca- 
:enciam injudam» quia folumArendital»- 
]uidpecuniarium, feuquod ad pccuaian» 
reducicur racione pcriculiquod fubir,vct 
iliisciufmodi dc c.iufis, de quibusdicccur 
n loco. Nulla igicur ell paritAS quoad ■"' 
'cudicioncni ofHcioru iccundum fc^quo- ^i 



ffi. fys^ JCtlV. 

mjA •Uxftto <|uas slli^adjaceot jan C0i* 

««(lain eft c^tttQ»^ 

A(} 7« N OB omne (isodpotcft efl^ maco» 
i^^eficxi oblsgaDmad graticmiinciii» 
fOTcEt cfie mausia cmptioDity 9c vctfdi* 
uofiiSi. Qc ap^arcc maaifeftd in caciiipfit 
fanIdantcproduQiimacui ic folacioaia 
|i»i(i precii aacicipar« auc dilacje,BccDoa 
«tt collatioiic ^a;ustarcnim fptrmuliafflt 
ftatio cft> quiaipo^aoc lcees caa nacorc 
%oam liumaoxreBii^itecc diftribacotfvrca 
brgicoxi immodiaco raam ic liiancraK 
libcrum affed^iim bcncScom fpcdalcm 
^ga qacm ^olac» qoui rclin^aaac aUam 
fibcrtatcm circ^q^uaoticatcm» aac qaafK 
tatcn)» Zc «[liAabilicatem eios» f uod di- 
ftribucfidum cft* Sunc enim res diYcrf» 
^uantitas affc^a8> 9c c^uanticat pecantx i 
lant^e proindt; capaces diTcrCuum , ac* 
cuc oppo£carum ioter fe dlfpoficionQm.. 
&iiftcntc autem ca Itgum difpofitione 
tametfi impeadacur major affc6tus benc* 
&Ctu crga unum» qwktn trga a^ium rooii 
^pliabtcor propria tibcrras itlcra ccrmi* 
aos legrctmos » tdco^e oikil fiiec conrra 
juftitiam^ Ampliabitur TcrS libcrras» <t 
fict coosra joftitiam* fi aufcratur acquc 
diftnbucoci rcfcrTcturpars qnanritacispc* 
Cttaiacis ie^cucivi^^c ^er lcges« auc pec 




Devendit ojjjcior. f|7 

volucratem ilamiai habeacis vim lcs;is* 
Itcrincbicur cnirw a diftribatorc tcs noa 
fua, inrcndecurcjuc iit fijrc iua ipfiius ti- 
tulo illcgitimo y Ncmpc in compcnfatio* 
jiem aifiiccus fpccialis fccundum fc pra?- 
cifc condderati^qui ut fic vcodihilis mi- 
HJtAc cft, cum fit divcrfi gcncris, Sc ooa 
reducrbtiis .id xqaatitatem comparatioae 
pecuniar* AfFedascnimjComfolusfccan- 
dum k eft liljcr pcr hgcm , foto affcdi» 
compeafarur ad aeijnalitatcin. 

ParccaurcmoonColum p^aseminentiam 
officii dcbcri integram,& liberam a com- 
pcnUtiooe pccuniaiia ex fua. natur3> flc 
fccundum lcgc$> ut apparet cx dtdtis, t©- 
lum criam dipendium juftom officii cflfe 
quantiratem legibus detcrminacam itl 
compenrationem. la^bori« exadli ratione' 
riiifdcm officii,, cafq-uc lcges cffc latas ixk\ 
fdvorcm cxh^benws dc fa6io talem labo- 
lem Ejgo iiftriburor ofificiorufti nihft 
potcftcx c» quanricarc pro vc detrahcrc: 
ob fpecialitatcmaffc6bus bcneficii, Sc ele- 
dbionem kuius ptac alio fibi hberam pet 
lc^es fccundam fc prasciie, ficenhm frrjtti- 
^arent^r officia!x:s parce ftipcndii iuftK-. 
hac prajQife de canT^, quia ip(i potius 
q.\i im <4hi obliganrur ud liborandum. 
'Q;iod u.hra rationem daiam cll ct^ntia. 



5J8. fi«i«# XLIV. 

Apoftolam ve{\cmcDCcr'excl3iBaDteid> M« 
snccfi af^erct deJabore oficii rpiiicualiSi 
i. Corinth. p.^?^. ^U miUtmt jtif^mUis fmt 
MftfiiiRi ?.camiiisqu;c fcquai^tur. 

Jam opiQio UU Diaoa: & paQconim a- 
lioiQmvquc adducicur in confirmarioDem» 
cft miaus probabdlis , qa^m id hi cajos 
coD&ra^Uioncm addtteitnr^.imo rc maro^ 
|iustQnfidtcrata vi^ecor prQrfas fm^robi» 
bilis, Qaia ^ai fic paciCdtnr cltAtoBCtt 
4iaios poelI« docandas prx alia non daf 
quaotum cenecur dare» recinctqae fibi ti- 
ttiloillegitimo»qnodnoBeftfaQm» •rpcr* 
ntiffioncm^bi fadanvltblam quoad aflc- 
iftumift ele^kjrpnem perronac» acque bcoe 
mcrcBciam refpe^u ejardcm ampliac ad 

Juancitaccm rei,circaquamnalla fibi fa« 
acftpermi^o^ nec fieri pocoic quio per 
)ttbcotem coacradicerccor fa« ipfius io* 
teotioni. lubcrcc coim ac daroDcar cco- 
tom er. g. nmulqBepcrmircerec ac ooo da- 
xcQcar ceQCum fed oooagioca caocum aoc 
o^^uagioca, ucque ea dimioacio fierec pro- 
pcer folam datiooem>qa«efleocialiccrc(l 
cooiuni£);a cum . decermioacioDC alicuias 
pcrfooa?. loiquum a^acem maoifeft^ eft> 
iicquiteoccurdare>ceocumaiicaiperfoo« 
ab ipfo dccermioaodxi auc fi libacric com* 
P^iicu^?^ lQi\^^^^jBi^y^^ q^uam ceDcamj, 



U cft »'»«* '»"*"' TI^^^ dcc«n.vnaw 

,u«aq«c P'^'l' %oU °^«'™" !! 






digoiori i Qttta veto coiniDooitatfniBrfSBiC 
•oiB^m fttam poccflitem tibfq^e nlla Um»* 
^acM»Dciafap«emum PdDcipem«cenifie> 
ti poccft-ixttni ctaAsfcrat , potcricectam fs- 
|remrusPnaccp»eid>emiBrccc4ere» acqw 
idco.iias^att pcccabic coDcra jnfticiam 
^iftrtbsdrafleietcQioDe miDasdigiii.lpft 
eceotm i^oruDcas etigcDdi mtDDt dfn«m 
coDCtDat tn fe cam . cefioDcni laiis^ 
Qata Dcmo tdIc licri k fc caps pcfca» 
to qaodiDpoccftacehabcc»atfiaiLfiitcpec» 
cato* 

a. Qecooomas cK^cds o p cr ar i b s io 
ttDeam cxtaflb domiDt dod ccaernr ad eli» 
geados optimos ,,Deqae io hoc > aac io re* 
basaliisprocurandis peccae ceocra jufti* 
tiarn» fiooo adhibcac fummam ililigco* 
riami fed fiifEcier» fi eaficmediocTis,ac 

Jualem qoifqae commuoicer adhibcrc 
)lcr iorebusfisis, acqae ideo fufficictfi 
operarii finc mcdiocres , & fi^mpliciccr bo« 
Di. DeiBddrametfieligatmiousboDos»aat > 
cciam abfolur^ ioidooeos, noa propce* 
isacommictct pcccatumtojofticiap adTCi- 
fusboBOS, aucoptrmos, oec reoebirttC 
aliquid illis refticuere.. Acccdir ocmt- 
Dcm ccoeri io coofciencia ad eligcDdum fi- 
biftacumomnium fecariffimumi periciH J 
U^WQWai.^u^tcifiaaismoraaa^alioittDa- 1 



l>i Vtfiie: intufia, igi^. f^g 

l|aeinalorufn^ firgoDc^uePrinecpt, <fiu 
compaiaturcunl commuaiuce tanquaim 
ciasoccooomus.} necsiajoreinliabetobli- 
|racio&cin proTidciuii ceaiinuDicaii>()uam 
iprcfibi cencbirur zdc\ifcn4os optimos. 
oflficialeSj aut quod eodem recidic ad 
ptovideDdamfumma cum dUigcncia bo« 
ttocommunit & prarcaucioni pcriculo* 
rum cius; nec prarcermiiEs melioribus pec- 
cabicadve^fusipfoscanirainiufticiamtac* 
qucideoDeciacidesin obligationem ali» 
^uidcisredicueDdi. 

5. Oiiiciapublicareiiielconata Aioc la 
auferibilia faltem plcraque praeterquam 
an po^aam deli^^i > Reftitatioautem fieu 
fion pocefl quioofiieium injuft^ coUacum 
UDi,& iniuUe aegatumaltcriauferatur, 4 
priori ,& coDfcracacrecuDdo.NuIlaigituc 
cft obligaTio scfticueodi o.b injufticiam 
contra iudiciam didributivam. 

4. Rcditutio edadlusfolius injnditia^ 
commurativa; ut doccnc D, Thomas 
aliiquc commnnitcr & fuppoCitum fuit 
fupra ut certum ia toca dodrina d« 
irfliriuiooe, Si autem •rirctur obligatio 
ftfirurndi cx laefionc lufticia: diflnbu- 
tjv P Mtncrct ciani ad i;^fa.rr\ acflns icfti- 
sucn.tln 4aiA4dvuud\;miuftiuam ]>criin'.c 



f#^ gw/Bt XtV. 

noarft&m ddinAttiii 10.30^1101 v & iH^ 
tum^repararc. 

K. E::! tiodiiM lunQftioiiis fj^rcedeftd} 
lof^aatar aA^quachir.ecifca iar.iioBCfn >ap 
ftici« diftttbatiyai & obliga^tpnem rcft>> 
tttcodi indercftiicaiiteni. ^rimameftco^' 
feFenscm efficiomr qaod tiabet aancBaa 
JahfdtAioiiem, ow iiUr^ciit cx jnftiti^ 
confetre eiiMtaf) fiB^alccrf» n«n ^topicict 
tcneri ad f^citndam.compCBfiicionem alij» 
iftfam pccaniasiam- omiflo .practcrqiuV' 
_jqooad cmplamcnta pccnnMinn ciccdco* 
lia ftipendiam )aftom ». fi qo« ciafinodr 
•dcnn6ba fiacriBt oflUio ct-ligc*. Ica pofr 
tiTa» fco permifliva> -^Patct boc» qoitdeio^ 
liquo oflrcium eft incompenfabile pccd^ 
&ia> Qci didum eft> & isy cni ficgatar^eo- 1 
•ipfo liberacur ab onere majori» quam fic ' 
di£^Qitas>& prxemiDencia officii, & arqaali | 
relpedlu jufti ftipcndii, ac proinde oilul i 
praeterea fupereftj qued pecunia com« i 
pcQfetur*. 

Alteram eft yendeatcm tafe officMim 
ma)oriprctio>quamquod{itxqualcemo- 
himeQcisexcedcDtibus juftum UipeDdiQOir 1 
tcncri per fc ad rcfticucndum eum exccs- j 
fiimpFetii. Qqi^ co ipfo ▼€! vcndetur di- 
Snitas> 8c ptxeminrncia officii> aur juftumi 
«j,aCdfim &V'^u^>^v^^iom altcrum cf« 



De reflir . jufid ,4^c, 7 4 1: 

fcntialircr, altcrum falccm pcrfecflxnycQ» 
dibilc, uc didbnnt cfli tcI^ ^rre eomputa- 
bicur uc pars valoris conyeaie&cis merci 
afFcdus fpcciaUsemptoris excedvos com'>» 
inunem>&: prudcccm eiafdcmmerci< asAir 
matioDcm, Quod icrdem oftcnfum cft ciTe 
iniquum» TencBtctr auceits rcfticaercj qai 
accipic prmara rei inycndibilis>qaapar- 
te invendibiUs eft i nec ilob qui atcum* 
qae accipic pretium maius iufto) quace- 
Bus maius eric> uc cepaietar squalkas^quar 
la^fa fuerac, 

Tertiumcftvendentem of9[icium,qno4 
reddic uciVicacesiufto ftipesdio maiorcs ii 
Tendat^cui nen dcbebac conferri officium». 
co pr2cermiflo,cai dcbebatur ex iufticia> 
teneri ad duplicem rcfticutionem, fi qui* 
dcmlegibus confticucum fii€rir>.ubi com*- 
mitcicurdeliif^Hm, ne caksutilitaccs ven- 
dancuc. Debec enim imprimis cefticucie* 
tocum piccittm empcori,(ive excedat, Gve- 
fiOB exccdac emolumenta iuflo ftipcndio» 
maiora. Quia fuppofica eiufmodi Icgc de- 
bcncur gracis ciufmodi emolumenta ha» 
"bcnti officiumcxfapppficioBcquojd illadi 
hi^bcat. Eadcm deinde, qiuaiccnus exce- 
dunr iuftumftipcndium^debcDCurCmpTi- 
ciieriUij cui officium dcbebatar exiufti- 
tia. Ytu<iuc c*go dcbcc ficii i:cft.vtvvx\o^ 



'■ ! 

tn rolaiiifnNli 
jofto ibpiHH I 



544 fc^^XLV. 

cmcntt qai4etn Kociii»pcetn 
tcimiffc* ¥«co cooua iaftiuam. 
jiom.yai^r «molttmci^a 
4io.ma|ora» , ^f:. , . 

NcvaiGac4i(M!ftlq(^ <If coDfaea^lHii 
.offidis* & ^blaoieoiis ab(i}a€ omtOi 

\MUibi£ccci diccft^'.ia faotovcm kabcorii. 
\t\ deben.tiam JbabeM? talia offi cia « .(eii^« 
taicttboai commaiiiii. Concra «Bim cQi 
guiacjafinfiodiemolamcou habcac adqr 
Aemjp.c«miicttmcerpe&aeocttm qailepcc 
aliislattdabiUtcc difpoaanc pec pcobicacif 
4^ (apientic ftndiam«ac l.emjpiibucamaci* 
licccgttbec^cac;^ cam xerpcfta.eoffomq^i 
a6bu qaofficia exciceacs lc intijplao^bonil 
commuai im.pcdiendofc pev acceacloncm 
eius, quomlDus cotis Yiiibus iocttmbanc 
folUcitudiai fuaram pcrfonalium utilita- 
cutn > ic commodorum>qu« pungantma* 
gis aDimum cx na7urarci,quam qjxfuaC 
commuoia. Cft autcm dc catiooe prxmii». 
ur proponacur ditcdc lc immcdiatr in uti- 
licatcm eorum , qui comparant (jbi digni* 
Cacemrcfpcdbuipuus»;Fitigirur m^uriaJc' 
Cca^is,aut imminutis ejufmodi cmolu# 
mcntistamhabentiofficiurat^uamillijCHi 

. exiuftuiadcbcbarur^ 

Supcrcft vidcndumquibus dcccrmina* 

H4fi^5^a()u uUa pi&cia; aai^iiiccr dr^* 
uwaT 



J)e nftft. fuftji (5»r.' J^f 

i&jBatf Jcbcancar digoiciibusian Tcrotii- 
cacoofcieociacoDfcrii poflinc /implicicer 
dtgnis > tametfi miDUS i^igfii finc qoaiQf 
■litf Commmns audbomm longe pla» 
siamrentcDcia eft debcri dijroiohbus , 9e 
peccari contra iufiitiam diltriburiTam > 6 
coDfcrancnr Don folom indignis, yeroHi 
eciam min^s dignis. Alii nihilominuf 
noonulli doccnt nullumeire pcccatiim c^ 
natura rci> feu feclufo pa£^o, iuiamcncoi 
suc Icgc fpecialr». fi confcrantttr minu» 
liignis, 

AiiidiftiDguntiBterofficia, qucuniut 
ttcbicrio acve{tititace,& quappluriumfuf- 
l^agiitconfcrcntiafunr ralii intcrea. quat 
etiam cicranco confcrri poiTunti 3c e* 
^ua; alicuiez eadem communitate con* 
^rridebcnti aliirnterteirpofalra, &fpi« 
titualia fctt ccclifiaftica : Sc rurfus alit 
inter bt&eficia Eccle/iaflic» fimplici^ 
ic curam animaium habeacia: Nccnos 
i-aterca qu« func minoris, ^ qua; funt ma* 
icnismomentifaliiincer ea-quae non pro« 
ponunturut prxmia ptmibut concurcen* 
tibtisadczamen tdonertatis: 9c quar fi4 
propoounturralii dcoique diflinguunt in* 
tcr clcdioncsquas facic immediate com'- 
municas ipfa nulli (ubordiBaca , auc fu» 
picmu4rPriucc|.>s ; Sc quafrf<aciunc miairb'?i 




pud Sanchcz lib. i. coo 
lc i^.d: apadCardiDalc 
& jf.fedV.ucrobiquei, 

DiceDdumeflvcram ; 
forirem refpe£^a omniu 
beocficiorums ncc non 
lium» ac eligendonun, < 
ounem fencenciam D. 
«nivfrfalicer quxft. 6j 
quz(l.i86. arc. ). deberi 
buriva eledtionem meli 
gnii nec prxcermicci ipi 
lAdignam. auc cciam mi 
que peccaco inju(licia;,a 
ez gcnere fuo. Liccc eni 
lis I. & 5.agac fpecialirc 
fairicualium. & dceledln 



de Lngo Dcgarc {appoficam contro^erfias 
prsfencis quoad difCTimeB digniotis^ £c 
minus digni» Vel cniiB ait eligendas ad 
aliquod officiom habcc pemiam T.g. ta- 
lcm, ut Bullfim fit pcrictt^lum CKoram ift 
ciuscxercitio;^^el non faaibet pcriciam ca* 
lcm. Si Bon kabet jam non eftdigaustaU 
ofBcio. Sihabet) jam majorperitiaeftfa- 
pcrvacanea rcfpc^u talis officii, ncc ma* 
jorem ad illud dignicatemcondituer, fed 
folum digDitatem iimplicicei zA maiut 
officium. Nen ergo fabiiftic difcrimen di-^ 
gc\i fimplicitcr> tic magis digni refpe^lii 
cjufdeni ofHcii aut bcnencii, 

Contra tamcn e(ib,i]uia eciam pericifE- 
mosconcigit crrare aliquando>ac proind^ 
omncsfunt expofiti alicui eaandi pcricur- 
lo« Hoc autem pcriculum patet cfle mi- 
II us in habenec maiorem pcritiam> faciiius. 
cnim hic adhibet advertentiam fufncica* 
tcm,utvitetareriot; & quae funt facilioi* 
ra fxequcBtius provcBiunt cx natura rcK 
Idcm dicitur de maioii, & minori probi* 
cate> & dcpropofito in ea conccnio de fa* 
tisfaciendo obligarionvofficity deqtte alii$ 
pcrciDCDcibus ad poceflacem ezecucivam, 
& ad ccrtirudinem eiurdcmrarisfadionis. 
Ql^Jo enim quifqueemincbir magisquoad 
hx, ec eric miQUspericulum ciraadi ^ ^c.-- 



j4t *§JyjJli#>XXV.-^ 

ctttii coititBUBitiia Y ecic^oc fimilrrct 
m^jmt (p<:9 ^romoTeD^i boai commiH 
jiit ^fiaceflias iK>c pendet «b ooo^upquc 
•ficto,Qiiapi»pccift4f«i>daae9tirjBi Ccr^ 
dKiiaUtoega&tisfiippbfitam MidotMic6? 
naae. Kefpoiidetas negtoido f pccUk ip» 
fiusfoppoficntm} nempepetitiun» tatii- 
Bumqaodlibct cUiidex reqatficis #d oii 

Saodqocofficiam poffceffe ta^ia » ot toia» 
icerabficomnepericnloniciiaiidiyaaiad- 
fitpoffibiiis fpciptomofioois bp|i> com- 
aaais» Nencram eoim confiftit io ia&* 
tifibiK. Maatfeftom igicar cft digatti* 
Hm adidemoficiampoflccflcittajmrcm 
M miaotcmcircatetoiioos digoitaicisfim^ 
pliciter. 

Notandam rurfascft dignitatcm eligei^ « 
di pofie confidcrari yc\ comparacioDCof* 
Kiiiccundum fc prttcise » tel compata* 
tione ejufdcm uc conjunAs c»m boao 
^niTcrCali communiiariSy quaceoas peA« 
dcBti ez aliis capicibus. Fieri Bimirum 
peteft, utaliquis ficmaxime idoneusad 
aliqnodofficium rccuodum ki 8c nibi« 
lominusnooexpediac ucadiiludcligacurt 
rcdpr«cennicracurbonr/lepr«aliominus 
idoQco fub eadem counderacioue Fieil 
oanique porefK uc qui in eura modum 
oft maxvmcvi^u^UiL» mioimequc omni um 



J>i reflst.imuftA, f^c, jr4f 

CTpofitnserrorumpcnculo in admininca* 
tioncof^ficii non po^tad illud pto^noveri 
abfc]uc majori , aliuade ja^ura boni com«- 
munis.QuiavidcIicet idem ipfceiercecuc 
TclinbeilovelinpalaiAra lirceraria> Yelia 
procuracione theUuri cum tttilitace ionge 
ma|oh cotnmunicacis vei quia habecjef 
oiuioSy (|ui irricati eius promocioneia 
furfrcncadveifus Principem> & commu- 
nicarem, & potetunt ucri^ueinfuperabili* 
t^rnocere magis, quam podic prodeiTe 
ta|e officium opcimcadminii^ratam» vel 
quiaexigitproac0epcando ofFicio condi» 
tion^, qu2 pr«(Uri non poiTuncabfqae 
notabiti lubdtcorum giavamiaei vei ces* 
te non exif^eocur ab iiffiem« abfque tu- 
tnuicu,&feditione: veiquiaalio demum 
quovismodoemergct majus commooita- 
(isnocumentum. Comigituc iuri>quod 
cooveoituDicuiiibet civi fcorfim fumpr» 
prasvaleat ius^quod convenit eid^ntcon* 
)un Aio cum c^ceris,feu quod convenit cfr 
tnunicati;manifeAum eiUn taii rerum di(* 
poficione prarferenduefle minas dignudi* 
l^niotirefpedaofficiiiecuadttm fe prscise 
conddcrati. 

Quxltio igitur proccdit de digniori 
crreTts paribus, omDibufque confidera* 
cis » ^ dc ouiioa i^mfiiumtzi^^&^ com« 



itiuDitfttb. ln hoc iiaquc fenfti probam 
condafio ; Acctptia pcrfoiiarum cft HU- 
cir^ cx fua Bitura^ & Dpponitut j^fliti;i 
4if^ribativ^» Std prsUtio roi£iQ£ di^Qi 
leff c£Vu digoioris in diftribnciooc offido- 
fuiHjCondnei io fc acceptioticm ^cifonA" 
mn. Ergo pi^tatio minus di»ai relpe^tt 
dtgD(ojis la ditliibaiioue ofFicjorum tfk 
])iicitaexfuaiiatura« et opponitm juditix 
diA ri b tittT^. Maj or cll Ca t is o ot4 ex mtil* 
tis l3cr« paginx tcftimooiis, ProhatQi<ii 
jfpwali tcr ei Ep ift, Cac bol. J tcobi cap , » » 
ad ca uft^uc Tftba v^c^tfa 9* -^^ ^ntem p&fin0 
McdpifH ptctt^tum 9p€rAmim r^dmr^HU ^ 
ii£f q ugfi trsnfgrtffe r^ ; , i (i q ue 1 p fuflfi o ftcw 
cicnit[nox,& coEfErEtiibituiinagis latioac 
cffictci, Probaiur uiinor, quiA acccpiio 
pctfotiaTUmcoDiiftir, utcxponic D. Tho* 
miSitum locis cit^tis, tum inA3iimca(ili 
Romanoium lc£t« i^ tiicz tUud i n^H tmm 
t^^scceptia ptrJmMrmm afud Dtitmm Coa« 
liftiti ti^quam» in 4cccpci6iit noa ctafsc 
pro caub ^ in fubftiEutione coaditionit 
in petronftrcpcicH^ niMl cofercDtisaclcait* 
fjim^ ob quatn ci ToluncatclcgisUeoni 
cligitutad aliqaid,Iococonditioai«coa* 
fcrcntjs ad csm ipfam caufam ic fiuem, 
Iftiufmodi autem acccpti<mcm 4c fttbfti"' 
CmLda^ %t;c^1&kii4 tacit q^uicmi q tic cligt 



Bonrolam indigoumiTcniiii^eciainmiBvl 
dignum prxcermidb digoiori. Digtiioc 
cnim cx eo digniorcft>quia habet coodi« 
rioncm fpectalem conFcreocem ad canfam 
^ finem>minusTer6 dignvs tcI iodignuSf 
idco calis cft, quia carct cali condicionc^ 
Is auccm qui caret condicione coMfcrcnt<i 
ad caufam & finem, non poceft praeferri hai^ 
tenci talem conditionem, nifi propterali* 
quid aliud miiiime coofcrcBS ad caufam^ 
y.g. qniadcditmuncrai quia cftaflenca* 
tor> confaoguinuus tcI amicus, tcI quil 
fimileimpetcinencer fc habcns ad caulam 
& finem propccr quem infticucafunr offi* 
eia, & ftatuca lci: de illis diftribuendis. 
Necedc igicur cfl> ucqui prasfcrc digoio* 
ri minus dignumj tcI indignum. co ipfo 
fic accepcor perfonarum. 

CoDficmacur Sc ezplicacnr hoc funda* 
mencum, Acccptio pcrfon« praefcrcns di« 
gniori minus dignum>eoiptbpratfercbo- 
num priTacum bono communi> idque ia 
ea re> in qua communicas habec jns prxla- 
tionis refpedttt pcrfon^ priTacae. Vode 
confcqueAs przcerea cft uc praeferatperfo^ 
iiam parcicularem minusdigDampcrfooas 
particniari digniori, idque in ca rc, in qua 
is habet (iiniliter jus prarlacionis rcfpc6lii 
iliius« Ecquidcm quod poftbabcacirr bo^ 



4iamdufiQMfS^a^.|i(ivati^ confttc eksi 
jf^iu^\MntokmWf^ covinniiic^is ka 
bfte in oAai$^gti^tfi$^^ plutiii^coio 
^irmeitciii^qM iu4i 4p6. pravcDiaatf & mi 
«las -crconmi pcKicttl4>^rad n apcx Bocahi 
PH^ nujoit.diigainu lapre» ^ Qoacc qooi 
4niaiis digm9^fif^i§^Qii (otum icii fc 
^cft pcstalcBsi Mftfcc^oai pri «Aci* 
. Qspdi aa^p» lcfio iftc» oc Tiltpcaliu 
Iwiaicaoiiiiaaiucis^nc coacta iiiS| qoai 
jpraliaiicc rcfpcftn officioramt cs eo co» 
j(Uc» <|aUli«.c officia infticnu faac priHH 
IwpciacipKUcec ifi Vonuca oammoaicacii 
U% Uqucc cz expofitipac jwis jiiciriidi» 
»tt daca> fc ftabifita qnxft. j. . £tgo1ei 
i€ clc&ioDtbtts^ modo illas facieodt lt< 
fa eft priiiia ac priocipalicer io fitorcni 
commnnitatis. £rgo qaatcnns qais ii 
fle^ionibus» uc faycac petfonx priTacirj 
poftponit bonum comune»opetatar con* 
tralegcBi faycntcm commtinitati» legra« 
vantem io ejas favozcm» pecfonas ptiTt* 
|as« qu)^tcnus raturo bonum oppoaituc 
kono communitAcis» atque adeo opcra* 
tur contra >us commamratis. Qftia rero 
£iT.or i|fte«.r.'fpedu communitatiseft in* 
ieparabiJis a favoredicoioris^camcxlin* 
fuselcdione» ac ptxlacione bonum il« 
|i«%&ft{C«L4i^\>i2^^^^eMdcmicf em fccao* 



I 



Sc mious priDCipalicer fayerc intii- 

ligniori adverfus minus dignum, ac 

lc prarlatiori^ hifiuscfle conrrariam 

i«s. Turp^iutem, ac inhontfturit 

^oftum coiTiune, quod pra:(lantius» 

fnitis e(l, poilhabeacur bono parri* 

, ncc non uc bonum parciculare di* 

s podhabeatur botlo paxticiiiarimi* 

gni, eaque turpicudo, ac inhoncftas 

liit racionem injuditis, fjquidem 

le poflhabitio fucric contra lcgcm 

m podhabitis, Sc grav;inrem eos qiii 

bcritur, ncc non prahabcnt^s ipfos. 

cftnm igiturcftacccpiioncm pcrfo- 

, modo quo a nobis elplicaca fuic 

juftain, tinde ulrcrius manifcftum 

ibiisdcterrainate pcrfonis & quate* 

tcicnddc iiiit reftitutiones fuperius 

iptx ad reparanda damna illaia pet 

utiOnem injuftam» 

x.Communitas habet jus ne impe» 

peraliosabjcled^ionedi^gnioriscon- 

m cum obligatione, ne ipfaeandeni 

>iis eledlioncm impediac^ aliamve 

incompofnbilcm cum ea, ad eunx 

n,quo unufquifq; habcr jus,nela5- 

ib aliis in honorc, & vita, eonjuu- aj-v- 

cum obligacioDC habendj curarti j^^r' 

ao nominc^ & confctyaa^vHVfa.T^,, 



^^ 



^T* ' j^J/?ia XLV. 

<:umtrArioefi»4iMa(icucivdtAor jamno* 
iMin i^ux& i6', & 19. )ttTM boQciUcoti 
ic opeiaciooes vircuolasj eoqu<i ainitf« 
coofticttttocux iYOQ^ioes pcc (c ia. magot 
pericttio pervtrfiooi^ roorum ^ acquc vici 

«<lacttr uc ioftram^Cttm uecc(I«numadl^- 
cicttdiaemottcrcjxiam ap promoveadnH 
«aque amiUa aon poccik ampltus quxrit 
^c prombveri 'beacicudo « ceoemur vaa 
omoes adiecioeqdam -koaeftaccm moraoi» 
•& ad TicaDdam pericttlumperverii^aisco» 
«ttm,& adfciicicacemquaereiMlamacpro* 
4noTeadam> tc coafequcBcer ad ea qu< 
fuocmedia oece(rariarefpc4l:uiftorvaHiu 
cciamofficia babtotia aonexam jarifdi*' 
iftioaem fuar iQftituta, uc abigaoc tiria, 
iriLCucem promoveaDC, Sl uoumqucmquc 
itttralimiccs honeftacis cootracancyucquc 
«mocs ad ulcimam fclicicatcm rc^o tra- 
mi^c dicigaDCur. Vod;: fic uc bis ofiiciis 
male» auc ooo ufqncadco bcoe collacis o- 
jiacur periculum pcrTcrflcatis morum»ma- 
jus vcl mious» & ilmiliccr plus mioulve 
^iccrcfcac. fpcs augcadx hoocftacis io com- 
anuoitacc^ prouc coongciit maiorcm vci 
.floiBoccm cHc iodigoicaccm» auc dccrc- 

.a&corum digoicacis io co> qui eliguur ad 

ipfiicium« 

&%deiaisJ|Ctt£xarioiie qua occ iicitr quis 

ccdue 



«tderi:'potcltj ri«c valide juri hoiioris> auc 
vicx^ propcer mociva miiroris mbmeDtij 
oec euam communitas licicc^ auc valid^ 
ccdere poce(l juti eiigeadi diguioieiii^ ur 
indulgcatur afftdtui eiga indignumj aut 
miaus dignani* Quu videliccr pocciUv 
valide ccdendi •huiufmodi juiibus cirrc 
poccdas fubcraliendi fe pcr- (uam prarciii: 
volunracem al> obli^acione iibi impohci 
per voluntatem fupcrioris, fcque commic- 
t-endilicitcpericulo abloiuce virabiii pcr- 
vcrdopis morum,arquc impcdiendi Ipeia 
promocionis eorundem ^ di'Lc6lionis o« 
piimx ad ulcimurn fincm. Quam pocc- 
ilatem cuiquam coavenire piaue eit im- 
podibiie. 

Quod (i huiufmcw!i potcftas ccffiani^ 
juris communiraci ncquaquam CDnvenir» 
cercum cil eandcm convcnirc Piincipi 
etiam fuprcmo minim^ poflc, qui viddi- 
cet omuem fuam pdccflatcm habct acce- 
ptam communicacci 8c non poceltaiiquixt 
accipi> cx noa habence iiiud. Vcrum eiii 
communicaseam poceUatcm habcrct» non 
propcereafcqucrci^rcaadem inclTe fuptc* 
ano Prin(?ipi, Quia ncmo cen-fccur confcD» 
tiie potcltati fibi noceudi , dum cxprcirc 
cam porcftatcm non concedit. Nullibi 
auicm gcncium uila communicas ti^rciT^i 



conccfCc Principi iuo fdiciiUateai' provi« 
deDdi uUl oiStfUles •aiinus booos » &quc 
xnittc^di in pcriculum n.aloxam9& dete- 
^um (pci bono£um« quas cx illis redua- 
4ianrc.. Qua pcxcecca raiione cdiicl«dirar« 
ncc eciam afticiale$pubiico« ha^enre«abC> 
<^ue juriftii^ronecuram ret pcconiaric. tc 
rcrtim pccunia stRimabilium poflt efigi de 
fado» niii o^timps. QuiaUcec xonuDn* 
jiitas abroiut^poiffic FenttDciarc^nri pccii* 
siiarum ac proinde juri eciam cledlioDit 
pcrfonarum, per quasojcimc rcs pccuDif 
lia adminiftrecuriCooierYecur» acaogea* 
tur> de fad^ocainenoullacominaoicas£i- 
^ic calem juris (ni cel&oniMn« Ideoqoc nec 
Princcps facerc cam poceilin iis,quzfivc 
iiicdiare, (ive imxnediace, peitioccadcom- 
munirarcm. 

Imonccipfa-communitaseiufmcdiccf* 
/iooem faccre pofrec prxciic pcr maiorem 
fui partem ; fed neccOe circr^ucomnes,^ 
/inguli confeiuircDC. Quialiccc uoufquis* 
que podic difponcre de iuis pecuniis, ur 
- libct } Ntrm-o camen noccre poceft alreti 
in bonisfuisabfque ipiiusoon(enfu. No- 
icec auccm omDibas & fingulis ooa (olum 
quoad cumulum booorum commiuiium» 
ied ctiam quoad pcculium cujtifquc pro- 
jprium cU&io oAoaJis coflnnuois minus 

boxii* 




lXcrefiit,in]u([AyfS*f' ff/ 

Cumcrgo (irmoraliccr imf offibilrjf. 
nnrs &riogu!i alicuius comnjuniia- 
lint confcntirc pcricalb immiostio- 
>tiorumj quxabrolurc Toluncrctioc* 
jc imminutioni Tpci, ut cadcm pro* 
ranrur, idcpic dc fiido nunquam co»-- 
c, fit planc dari dc fa6h> obligatio*' 
rligcndi digiiiorcs non folum ad ofti- 
abtoria aoncxam juiifdiiflioncm, led' 
1 csrcra omnia,caq\ie obligaiio crir 
r vcl minor, gravis vcllcvis pro ur 
gcnc mala immincntra cr clc6lioncr 
is dignij.auriodigni cflc maiora,vcl 
)ra, gravia auc lcviai Quod fiTiilircr 
in officiis, Habcnribus jurifdidio- 
r nifiqiiod ia iis viificri porcftcxccs- 
dii^nioris cffc cerr6 difccrnibiicm fi- 
:|iic tlfc tam cxiguum, uc obligatio 
eiigendi f;: icvis. Quia jadura pro- 
euscx clcdioncminus digni fcrpic pcr 
n commttniraccm j & nocumcntum, 
1' rclpcftu flbgulofum' cft cxiguum> 
:iplica:u pcr omncs, & fingulcs coin- 
itaciscvadit Facilc maanura. 
di. Mai^nura inprimis, & clarum di- 
Tcn cil intcr obhi^arionem Principis 
ic»cn(iiim opciir.urn, pollqii.iin js in- 
;ir, bc (^\A\:zz\o'r.":- ndliijci^iii [a:.\- 
r4i!ig-ntiain :^':o Juvcnicr. Jo opi nvi . 



5^1 Qiafih X LV;. 

Srim&oblit^atioeft qaae cam plcrtfqiieaaf 
£kohbus aflena cft Capra. Secanda rejici- 
rnr ab omniba$^ mcrtto ; qyta cft di& 
rilUina» ^ai faxis&iti lc ei^-cdit humaoc 
fi:agilttaris»flc coQatus.ordioani inodiim^ 
rz quo paiec utio dit' ri minrs i nter nrram- 
que obligarlonem* BraBcerea npn forec i 
re commuDicaciS} uc imponcrcrur. obliga- 
rio adhibendi fummam czm diligeaciakAi 
ioquirendi. Quiaiodcfierecuc Ttri cimar 
racar maiime conrcienc-.ia^yatque pradea* 
tiffimi id eft qualesplerumquc fnncopri- 
ftii adre&imen,refugerocabeo ▼ebcmcn- 
rcr, nc hbi imponercpt onus uraac adco 
jncoterabile. Vode rcs pablica larpe illis 
privarefor, & fogerctur eos anTumercqvi 
non efTeBt fatisfadtiiri cidem obiigarioni. 

Deindc occonomus, & eiu$ ele^ioncs 
dlriguntur principalirer in rem pecunia- 
jiam* Princcps vero & cledionesad ofS- 
cia jurifdidlionalia diriguncur priocipali* 
reradtuendam honelbtc morum,& cran- 
quillitarem, ac pacem focialcm civium* 
Qnx difFicentia quanci momcnci fic ad 
rem prarrcntem apparecraciser re^p6(inne 
ad objc^^ioncm pr.rccdentcm. ConHdfi- 
randumprarcereaedquibascoaditionibus 
pacifcatur Parerfamilias cum occonomo 
i^^h. rjLciCciaaroq^ucpoccftiUcvoIct, c'.im | 

ajacux (^ 



? 



Tctt^ atrco pa^tn major tcI mincir olil^ga- 
cio aaconomijfion fblum ex fidclitatc, ve* 
inm ctiam cz juflina» Comm »in»t3S au*- 
fcm iiuUiscum Ptincipe codirionib^i^^ pa- 
cifii pot^it libcranrjbas ipiiiin aboblipa- 
ttone tligecdi di^niorir*, cum ipfa eninfc 
comrrmnua^fubht J»uicobIigiiinni, 

J-Am quod ad. hbcHarrrn ciiiun]? arrincf' 
tUgcndi fibi ftatum yux rmgh m\nn\\^t 
fecunim, ucnbuffrit, multiplcipotcft c\(Ti^ 
gnari riiTo difcriminis, PrrfcipiTa nmen* 
eft j^uu n omncs rcncrrntur in cr>nrcicfi* 
tia ad chc/ndnm ftarum vitv fcrurifli- 
muni omnium, eo tpfo , omne^ antc el<?- 
ili^nctf* flauiSpfpccialisconiiittiri faidcnr 
ji^ ftatu pfHculb-^iilimo farotis p quatcntis 
rlcdlio fiatus lccufifl^rni inrrr oifinp^ eft 
inatimp .irdua ac difficiii? cj fiia nat^ira, 
Q^ia conrincr mdlra fcflfibun^ & natuta* 
libii*i hTminum incUnationibTift valdc ic* 
puj^nantin, Illc ^ut^m flafus rft valdc pe^ 
ri<rtrlr>fus, qui cotif^uuit hnmsnem tn ne- 
certitaTfi Ycl pcrcndi^ vr^ fi.iprr3ndi ma- 
ximim aliqy^^i diinH c^ilrarem^Ticc fiippc^ 
difit wiidc ea diflRfulrnsminiiarur, &rc(l- 
dAnnfaciIc fMn^^tibili*, uri cufbt non Ctj^^ 
pcdir.iti antc ip^^Ti (liru^ fcruririimi clr- 
ftiyuertip . Ac elcdlio dic*niot:um a J ©lltci^i 
A a + \ik,wi.. 



ivoa eb moio clk idifhcilis cx faa natiinu 
I.ic cnim reccDtis ab eligepte omnibus fuit 
boDis, & aad^^pijiv^eiea (f cl CQAfcxTaciof 
aIs Sc promotJOBiseoruEn.. 

Ad4c qood eligenilo ftaram rit^ miau^ 
fccoram, iibi foO quifque oocet*. At eli- 

' ](eDdp milias. dignam aid officinm nocct 
cle^bioa^qQalicer tpci coAunitatU Patet 
«ttcem oon cantui>dem cdique licetecira 
booa fc mala fibi cum aliis commnnia : ai* 

. quQQirea-peculiaria* Adderurfas.iodigect 
gcnii^hamanum koqiinibusin mnltipliciji, 
^cdifpatiTitacLftajtu conftitutisi cammi': 
nirne indigeat ele^ione uUias flaioas di* 
gniad.oBficittm-; atqoe ideo.non .etffc caor 
dsm rationem rclinquendi liberam ma^is 
Tcl minus digni clcdionem arque cft rc- 
linqucndi libcramflacasmagis» autminas 
fccuci elcdlionem*' 

db ha:c igirur emnia trjinfmiflo antcce- 
dcnri cicgatur confcquencia quoaJ iatCQ* 
sum priocipalc, Nam quoad injuftiiiam 
advcrfus prsLtcrmiflos alia cfl, eaquc ni- 
mis clararacio diiFcrentia; incer digniores 
ad oiticia, &,opcrariosmcIiQrcs. Quiaof- 
iicium opcrarii oonefta;flimabile nid ra« 
tiooefhpcndii^ quod paccc nullatcnusde- 
bcri cx juflicia , cifi ob ];»borcm dc fa<f\o 
Wpcnfum c;[ condii^o, Q^Japroptcr eius 

dedio 



Vt reflit, injafit tf^c . f Hx 

ele^iofic in g^aciam cligentispiincipalis, 
ifqucporeft abfq^ cujulijuam injurijDiil- 
lum condacerc opcrarium.^ Ac officiiini 
hahcns anocxam jurifdidionem ctl; a'iH~ 
mabiie rationefui propccr prxcmirictiama 
qiiam dat rclpcdlii cartcrorum j potcikque 
proindcdcbcri fecunda icex juilicia. Qu^ift 
▼cro qoi piujcnrer dc rc alic^ua djfpoiiir, 
uti paf.c(k pr«l*um=crcde communitat^in- 
tcndic omocm rei uciliratcm,fi? planc lc- 
gcm dc diftribucodisofficiis juiildiclio^ 
oalibus lacam clVc niiii iolum in grariarn 
comiminkacis cligcntis pcr fc ycI per a^- 
lium nominc ipfius ;. iVd cciam in gra- 
tiam dignierum.. In qaorum niinirunn 
cledlionc reporiruii univerfafis uriliras 
commiinitacis conjun^a cum utiiirjte 
privata cqrundem« Quace elcrrio ad caiia 
oHicia praccermirFi oninino non porcfl 
ablc|uc iDJnftiria adverrus ipfoseciamcli- 
gendos j ho:; cfb quin pcccccur advct- 
fus icgem ipfifc cciam faventem dirccl^. 
Qjid qr.od hoc pailo flabilitur mag»i» 
bon:?m ' communicacis minime, ur di* 
^um cfi» rcnunc»abilc ab cadem dacb 
cti.im pnvatis petlonis jurc, qnod ipfius 
cc)'v.iniini:atis mdivifim inreicfc, ut il- 



ivifim snreiclt, ut 
incionc infnijir.i . 



:• t- tn 4. 



i.im tci liis. 



: c.^o 



A.a 5 



^^".^ 



^-^ 



^uoad h^nc pAicem fpiecialiter.aiasifeiU. 
ratio diffrtemi*. 

Ad }. Di^kum eft remet airqae iteram 
propter iD|u(Um ^iftributioQcm officto- 
rum jufirdi^ltonalium fecundum fe prc 
cise nuUam cuiquam pcifopar pinicnlari 
liebcri coatp£fationem>«atreftttucioneau 
£moluiiienta autcm pecuniaria corapen- 
fari polTunc 9 ;tt reCUtai ctiamli iodignit 
non aufcnuicar officja« Vnde cimnlmt£i 
jnaiori negatur miaor^ 
. Ad 4:, Hoc folui^ pcninet formnlicef ad: 
ja(kitiaai.diftcibtttitram> uc conCem-offi^ 
.oia disntoribus, 8t crformali iajuftttia. 
quoad hoc fccandam (e pratcife confidop 
lacum ouilafaboricurobligaciorenasaen- 
diucdi^umeft, Qopd aucem nuliumac- 
cipiacurprccium proiproofficiofecundum 
fe,auc pro judo cius ftipeodio» hocadjx- 
cec ezciin(e«e jufticiae diftiiburivae» 8c o* 
peri ejufdcm proprio, percinet yer6 dire* 
€tc adfolam jufticiam commucacivam>dc 
con(equencer ad ipfam folam perrincr» 
emnis refticucio,cujus obli£;acio fuboriri 
potcft ez injuftitia commifia ifi>opcre di- 
iixibucndi. 



QVit.. 



Qjr iE S T I O XLVL 
Vtrum uff4rfi.J!t intrinfece injujta} 

VIdetvr non efTc intrihreccinia- 
fta. I. Qjiia quod cft conformcexcrn- 
plo& prxceptoDci , aut cfiroli cius 
c<Mifilio difconformc , non cft itirrinfcc^ 
malum, Lucnimanfm ufurarium cOcon- 
forme cycmplo & pra^Cepto Dci, Cerrc 
noncft difconformcnifi M\ confiliodivr^ 
no.Dc excmplo conftat cx Lnca?!^. ubi. 
ChrifliisairdefeipfQ i ego 'veni^ns cum ufH^ 
risexegiJfemilUm: nempc pecuniam mu- 
tuacam. De prarcepto vcro CoH/lac cxij. 
Dtutcrubi Dcus pr xd pit :• wn faefferaha^ 
fratrituo ad Hfuram , pecunixm , necfrtigeSy 
necqHamhhetaliam. rem fed alifn$, Eodem 
pcrtinctquodlucrum ufurarium pronvitti* 
VZT a Dcdin px^mium obfervanfix Ieg!$- 
D eutcr. 1 8 Fxnerahis ^entihus mnltis, ; ^'- 
' iffe anuUd foenu^ accipjeSi D en i q uc de folo 
Confilio adverf4is ufuramconftat cx Lilcx. 
dt, ubi in-rra!ia coofilia Donirur : datem»" 
tuum nihflinile fperantes.: Efgo acccptio 
ufirjc pro murio non cll int. infece iniu- 
fta , imo nec efl ulluin peccanim. 

1, lufluaicrtia re p'-cuaiaria qvK^deft^ 
A a 4 *-^^^- 



f4 4 ilf^i?" XLVI, 

conforme lc^iuus humani^,ntp€Jte validc 
^ilpoQCiuibus tji cA [i^jrciiii Lc^eiuttm i;- 
^ ^liis GDtiice de ulur. pMmiccujuwi ulu- 
lA eiirum^Sj moJus pra;ri:nL>iturj cara mif 
^'AA moicr^rianci Sc idcDc;i pcriouamni 
aiiJtfif)i<^U£ citcumflanngiium dirttudlio- 
pe. Ergo lucium ururiciumiUisomQibus. 
obleivans cvadcr jutlum, 

j, Qood ^uis faccic non ceticiur, Sc £l 
faciac oblJE^ai id graciiudiDcmj pocel^ fa* 
xcrc pco prciio, pra-Jcftim fi id iit ali- 
^uid ti^mporalc. Nam quod DuUiiis cfl 
piciii, uuUius cft matrria ^^^'ii^udinis, Ac^ 
qu^ c(l tcniporalcj iimulquc appicEi^* 
bilc co ipfo clt commurabilc prccio ccm- 
porah« Mmifci^um auicm cii mucuum-^ 
cilc quid ccmpoi^UtQcc c[^,magis obtcu- I 
lumillndaccipi tanquam bcnrdcium naai,^ 
c^^Qtcmaciidum a mucuataiiQ^ onli^^i* 
*to proindc ad gcacicudiucm* Ergo mu- 
tttum cfl cpmmucabiU juAo pttcio cjr 

4. Pro Ta^s argentcis mutuo daiis licet 
accipcre pretium ulcta roricm^ dc quo tic* 
n^D dubicar. Ergo cnam Ucer illud acti'- 
pcrc pro moncta mutuata, Patct codCc 
iiucaciaj qtiia taihii rcfcrrc tidctur an ar- 
g^cntum b^bcat lalem formam vcl ali^in. 
I^l^c;m, Vtsi^ i£vQ\Lttta jnur)^aca cil iBaioris 



De in}kj!inirufitrd. f6ii 

loBgc utilitaiis. Hrgo a totciori mucua- 
cio cjus efl precio digtiJ. 

' R. Of exa: pcctium jam cft poft jnftitiam 
iliftribucivam aliq.ua etiaiii priccipua, ad 
cxempluYn carccrorum dcxJaccre circa ja»- 
ftitiam cammutativam fccundum fe cz- 
cadcm illa dodlriDa dedivitioac rcrum 
cjulqae coodicionibus* VidcDCur porro 
iDCcraliamaceria maziixveidoaca^ ufuraAc 
fimonia^de quarum ioiquirate apud om- 
iiescerta dcfideratura pIerirq«crario,cu- 
jusclariusficxqualisilliccrticudioi. Igi- 
cur ufura aliquando accipitur pjo ufu rei 
aliquando pro ucilitate. proveoicQte cz 
ufu i atque juxca iftam rccundam accQ- 
pcioncm. dcfinicur in prasfcDci ; LHcrum 
immeditite froveniens ex muti^o tnnquam 
dfibitum ex jufittiaj, Mutuum porro dici- 
tur xaoquam cx mco tuuna, & commu- 
ui^er dcfioitur : Traditio rei in fuq genepe 
funSiionem rifxipientis , ut jiatim AcctpentU 
pat t fir pojten tantundem ejufdem feneriii , 
Mc qiiftlitM^ reciptatur, Difci pcr irans- 
laiiorn-m doaiiuii a co,mmodaco, prac- 
cario, &;locaio>.iD quxbus dominium 
lCi traditjc pciiCVLrac apud dancem, idco- 
que cadt-Tn nuircro ipli.reddi dvbet , & 
fi c^fu ^ciicnt, pciw ei'.itni. Pci r/Ji- 
gauoacm, vciQ. re<icivu4i t^ncundcn; e- 



f^a girt/lr^F XLVl. 

«jii(VJcmj;cflensdifFettapctmatation€, ac r 

Tcodicionc , rationc coias aliud gcnus rei. ^ 

Tcndcnti rc<ldicur;ut pro Tino pccnnia aat 

cricinini. Jam tcs in fme genere fuH^onem 

recifiem ea^icttuc,(|U4: altcri rci Tui |>encris 

italimilisrxi(Vit, ataltctutra altcrtasTtce 

•fMogi > ^ loco altcrius ftibftitui itirc pnffit 

in W^dlhiiitationibus». ac folotioBibas> 

QfiaUa ccttfcfftiir , qttsiraincro > pondMc, 

aot menfura conftttuuntur, at pccunia na- 

mcrataiaotar^cnttfm , vinum yolenm , 3c 

fimilia* Q^od didtQrf;;v/i/M» qnmUtMtSi 

I^crind^fefty acquequfdembooitacifin fe 

'inttia(«B^«\Nihil enim referc^an «ccideric 

Tanatio-eycriniccaprctii». • 

Quodpcrcjdfmod^ conrradtdm diirar i 
-liiQtuanre,-&acctpitiiramutaac)onedici- 
tjarfors». Qnodulrcriusacctcfdt mutuan* 
ticrbooismutuatariidiciturlucrnm.Qnia. 
>cromutuanti portft accrcfccrc lucrufli) 
tttm cxlibcralitatcaur gratitudinc mutua*. 
tttrii, tum cx conventionc, & obligaiio- 
ne,ant qiiaiiobli^ationcjuftitix , (cu po-- 
tiuscx-coa^ioncmutuantis; atqueadufo* 
ramnonfufficitlucrumcx liberalitarc, aaC 
gracitudlnc. proprcrcain definicionc ufn» 
rae additur : tMnqmMfH dehitum ex jstfiitis. . 
■Q^ta ▼idclicct uiurarius adjf cir muiuo pa- 
fituciimfVvciXMixv^^tl^x^licitom dc addi* 



Df tm»pifitk ufufA j ^7 

ttmento prxltaado a maruarario ulcra 
rorccm i & quidcm dc addiramcnto • oucd 
(ic prccio zfttmibilc» S\ enim (olum 
ezigac afFce^um bcncvolumy auc aniica- 
btiem» & mcmoriam graram propriaque 
gTacicud.iiiso6Rcia>.nthilprxtcrcagravan- 
4o » ledtocanrcompenraciomsrpcmrclin^ 
qacodofubfota graticudinis obiigatioDc^. 
acifnpoifuj oulia propcerea uluia mcet- 
yeniee 

Addenomine fortts comprzhcndiiulfra. 
nudameacicaremrei quac macuo darur, lu- 
erumeciameefians, &:damnum emeig^^ns 
mucuanci racione muruationis. Morali 
eceairax(Hmacioocha!cquoque darcceu* 
fecufy-qui mucuac; 6c ucramque prarflarc:, 
eenecac mucnacarius , ur incolumiscvadac' 
macuaiu^ nec ezbcneficio , quodexhibec: 
j«£huam paciacur abfqac compenfacioiie 
ez parrc eins in cuiusgratiam illam pari** 
ttrr. Damnumautem cmcrgcns diciturdi-. 
minucio bonorum pra?eri(Unciura refuU 
tansezmucao; lucrum verocefransaiig- 
mentum iuflumeorundcm impcdicum iti— 
dempcc muracioncm^ Aliicamen nomi^ 
Dcfortis intclliguocrolamentiracem, rci; 
quae phyficc tradirur; arquc lucrnm ccf- 
fanSj&damnum cmcrgcns, (corf^m crpri- 
muociciuod&aesfaciemus maiocis clari* 



(umdivino, uc liquct cz 
x8.8. ^.colligituia mulci 
Luca; 6. 35^ lum eciam hu 
culcucer fancico indccrec< 
Sc 4. in DecrccaU ^coto t: 
Dcctecal. ncc non Clemc 
tic. £il icidcm injui^a ju 
snonflratPhilofophiis 1.] 
fusmedium.,& cUcius D. 
arcic. i. & x, cx Alcnfi ^. p 
axc«i. &i« quibu^aliqui 
ni adjecere, fcu pacius 
DglUs alias racioncs^.qui 
. Mtimi(Sis, uc minus cfiicac 
po(la(^parebit, roh incuc 
ppficioni & conficmacioi 
uum PJiiloIoi hi% 8c max 




jytwfiifiitia ufuH, f6-f 

Auno«' Alrcrum elt carup, qux nihil intcir 
cft pctfc loc|.ueDdo zn brcvi ao pocius lonr 
go ccoipore habeaacur. Hujus geoeris 
iuot qu«tcuDque ttiii<M>iiruconrui]inacur?. 
ttt Ttnum> tricicom > auc di^hahuntur,*uc 
pecunia. Alcerum genus efl: earum rerum». 
qua: intetcll magis per.fe loquendo» fi lonr 
gp tcmporchabeancur. Hiiiusgencris funt 
quac^ nec confumuncur, nec diflrahuncu^. 
unicQ ufu> fcd mulciplici ufui uciliccr in* 
fcrviunc.fuccefGve uc ager> Sp dpmus, d$ 
Tcdis^ Kacio huius.diicriminis efl, quia 

Jnx unico uiu aut confumuncur, auc dir 
rahuncur, co cancum cemporis momeo* 
toinccredhabcrcquoille eorum ufus eft> 
oporcuDUS, ac uciiis ; fiquidcm rcliquo^ 
temporc nihil inde ucilicacis habeti poccA;*.. 
Sicucauccm pihil abfoluce inccreft habere 
fiulloque precio xilimabile cfl id, cx quo . 
nihil abfolutd.ucilicacis habcri unquam. 
poccft : ica haberc aliquid pro eo cem^ 
pore>,pro quo nihii cs co ucilicacis haberi- 
poccO:, nihii iaccrcfl, nuiloque pretio ae- 
ftimabile cft praicis^ q.uatcnus habicutU, 
co cemporc,, Quarjc pr^habui/Tc rem c.- 
Jufmodi cempor« anteccdcnci ad oppdtr 
tunitateai uCus, fulam poccft i^ccrcfle, 
& pr. tio a.fl:iinari , quarcnus imie rcTul- 
tat f|'eb , quod adciic pr;i.ixab.cn.ti pr^ 




ti , (eu iKcyi , (eu utcufnqu 
MoB ita rcs habcr in ns^< 
niUBCur» (c\x diOrahunru 
ttnicoufuiHapccninijfi lo 
bcao^ur poffanc plus prodt 
^dfcrrcuciliratcm • pcr m 
fum non rotics pcrccptibil 
longo tcttiporc , uc patct. '. 
gotcmporc rcs non conf 
4.in;cahfbi1csunicoufu in 
q-ucprctioajllimabillc noi 
^arationcfpccialisoppoi 
rcmporrfequcnri , fcd cri; 
fc. Vndcnon*cft arquc ar( 
aliudfandans arqualcm f 
runrrcmporc fcqucnci pri 
oporrunitatc. 



Btendioporcunuin rcipcCb . maruantisiYcl 
JlclcofTtpeolaodam ucilitacrm ulus.ti fuca* 
ram pra.*videacur, ur ccmpus cius oporru» 
Dum incerim clabacur» hoccft ad com* 
penfandum cotum lucram ccfians, & dam* 
numcmcrgcns. (imuc-uaosaliqaid ulccriur 
cxigar,idquc(li:ducat in padum implicicd 
^dczplicire, in quo formaliccr confiihc 
nfura, ut di£tum cdmanifcitam jndaccc. 
in-arqualicatcmi^n concra^u &a€cipietad* 
dicamcnrum precii >auc qua(i precii pro co^ 
quod nihil inccrefl , nullamqut profus 
utiiitaremfuperaddit. Quod clar^contra^ 
dicitiuri naturali divifionisrerum» cOque 
ihtrinfcce iniuflum, ut apparct manifcfU^ 
€zdo6^rinaquas(l. 41. & 15. 

Vid«riaiicui pafTct elTe contra coromaf' 
nemhominumfenrum, quod nihil inrer- 
fithaberepccunias, vinvm , oleum & (i» 
fniIia>loQgo potius tempore, qnam brevi;. 
omnescnim BDago.um bonuna putant, ac 
maximdcxperibilcfcmpcr abundArc fccu- . 
nia&omai gcnere urcn(ilium. Cui bono 
oppoaitur intcrpolatia retcotioni» pecu^ 
nije , $c (imilium apudfe, & translatio 
corum iri alium eriam prorcmporelimita* 
to , (ivc drtcrminato , (irc indercrminato, 
Qnod cTco clariusappareti quiaalioqnin 
mutuacis pecuuiis nullum ficrcc bcocfi- 



fj% Sjm^ifiu xtvr. 

ciammatuaiario.. Solumiiamqs 11110011« , 
€edicur>ac canco cempore habeat rem-fiW 
mucuatami qnaato carcc eadem <|ui ma« 
niai:,- Oobccflio auccm alicuius tei prccife 
^aaceausnihil iacereft cam habctc» aallam 
kcneficiameft. Efteaim i/t concepcabe* 
»eficii> at iacetfic accipientiv 

Pfo rcmoTcada ifta <ii£culrate>/3t pr« 
ma)ori^ claritace fundamenci pofiti obia* 
Taadam eftidefidorari abuadatictam peco* 
niarumy.T.jg.coarniuam prarcis^ qoanta 
fttfficit ad ffcicndam fpem cercam , quod 
fuppetcat tempore opportano ufus ipfa- 
Eum*. UtKie&t:ttC fiquidcm ad cam fpem 
Gonferac, magi^s ati farpe confert.y noa 
habere apud t'e «liqiiam pecuniarufn par<* 
cem> fed apudalium, quiTis cas a Tc li- 
beocer projiciar, & collocct apui alium 
ad tcmpus, ut ad/int in temporc. Qja dt • 
cauia invenra.runt dcpofirum ctofiiscam- 
bium. Eademq4icratioBcficri poicft, fic- 
qtiCBonnunquam> iirmucuum*cciam pu* 
tum, ab pmDt uiura; hbe, & fpeUicri cxki* 
bcacur in gtatiam non folum mucuacarii> 
lcd ctiam mucuaatis. Quia nimirum mu« 
tiians confidic magis fidci & obligarioQt 
alccrius, quam providcucio; propric imme- 
diaca; quoad rpem, & ccrciiudincmprcu- 
aix. o^dkavui^ ^to ccibjoic opporcuno^ 




T>e iniafihia ujun. $y^ 

£rfl;otoU'iatiodirc6la Si pcr ie ^cfiderandi 
ai>uiidanciarm conciDuampccubiarum non 
c(t,uc«asquifq'>habeacapud re(cmpcF,aur 
loDgoremporojfed pra^cifequaccnusopus 
c(l, uc ad-iiQt c^mpore oporttiDO •urus, lea 
di(lia£bioRis, tc alieDacionis. 

CoAfirmatiir> quia ncmoprudcRsqua?* 
riCiaDC vulc acciperepecu-Dia^mutuo^niit 
quando adcil opof-tunitas auc neccfTicas iU 
lis ucendi > fcu ca(dem <ii(lrahcndi, •cQm- 
«qife in fiDcnr. habendi proprias, ut alienarc 
uciliccr pofTir. Quod noti ficrcc, (i ccrnci- 
^uapccuniarumabundautia ultra prxlcQ* 
xcm uium tirct prudcntcr cxpctibihs per 
fe$ dcuccaczpecuntur^quje nccabiumun^ 
iur, nec diflrahuncur unico ufu. DoTnus 
«nim, & fundus drfidtrrancur criatn a4 
tempusy camccii alicnari aut dcftrui mi- 
«imc dcbcanr. Quaict^cDcficiumfnutuaii- 
^iscrgamucuacanum non m hoc confiiliti 
^uod ca(r> uc^u«que facic abundarc pe* 
<uniisadtcmpus>fcd quod cas fuppedicic 
pro ccmpore oportuoo ufus,acdi{ha6lio* 
«is. Qnia vero ipfe e(b cafdem recepciifus 
aiuc4)uam (ibi clabarut (imilisopportuni^ 
tas, auc cum compcnfarione elapfa inre* 
rim opporruoitatis , proprerca contra<fluS 
cft ucnmqiiea:qua1is & juf^us, fi mutua- 
xaiius a^bii uliia lupucrogaic cog;atur. 




in CDmmutJtionibus,. ac 
QaaUaccnfcntur, qtiznum 
aut mcnfura confticuuntur, c 
mcrata,aut argcntiim , vinn 
iimilia. Quoa dicitur riii/i^ 
pcrin<i^cft> atquccjufdcm I 
intriDlccc, Nihil cnim rcfcr 
YAriario cx<crinfcca prctii, 

Quod.pcrcja{mod^ contr 
lHQtuaDte , -Sc accipitiir aini] 
t*ir fors*. QMod ulfcrius< accr 
tiexbonismutuarariidicicu 
>cromucuanti portft accrc 
tom cxlibcralitatcaut gracii 
tarii, tum cx conventionc, 
ne» ant qu^fiobli^acionejuJ 



Df imuJHfiA ufkrs ■ j 67 

(annento prxliaado a maraarario ulcra 
forrcrn ; & qyiiicm dc addiramenco . oufd 
fir prccio xflimihile» Si cnim (olufn 
ezigac afFce^um bcnevoluniy auc amica- 
bilem» & mcmoriam graram propriaque 
gracicud iiiso6Rcia».nthilprxtcrcagravan- 
40f ledroram^compcnfacionisrpemrclintf 
qacodorubfota gracicudiais obiigacioDC^. 
actmpoKu; oulia propcerea ulurac iiicet*> 
yentee 

Addenomine fortis comprzhcndi,til<ra. 
Budameacicaremrei quac macuodarur» 1a- 
dram.eciamre(raQS, A:damnum emcrgcns 
mucaanci racione maruacioiiis. MoTali 
eceaimxiHmacioac barc qnoque dare cca« 
feciiry.qui mutuac» 8c urramque prarflarer 
Mnccar mucuacarius , nr incolumiscvadac' 
macuaiu^ ncc ezbeneficio-, quodcxhibec: 
ja^hicam.paciacur abfquc compenfacione. 
tx parrc eius in cuius grariam iliam pari** 
urr. Damnum autcm emcrgens dicicur di-. 
minutio bonorum pra?ez^(lcnriara rcful^ 
taasczmucao; lucrum veroccfTansaag- 
mcacum iuflumcorundcm impedirum iti— 
dcmpec mucationcm; Aiii rameo nomi^ 
oeforcis inrelligunrfolam enciraccm, rei:, . 
qua? phyficc cradirur;, acque lucrum ccf- 
faosj&damnumemcrgcns, (corfim crpri- 
tDaociquod&aMfaciemttS mai^is clari- 



.g^aciai» Cftmttii iiarc ma moraUcer finc «• 
Aum 9 ic tdein« ■' 

Xiruram eHc iDJuftam eft.cerciun ez fidci 
«t coaftac ex CoBcilio Vienneafi» 6c ha- 
becttc Ciemeot. nnica tir, dcttCur..}, ulb 
£Raucem4p)iifta)i|re ioprimis peficiro, 
tum ditiao, nc liqttectex J^C 14* f« Ezecls 
. 18. 8> &.colligicur a.muhis Do^ortbaitez 
.Lttcac 6.15^ ittmeciamhumanofxpeacliif 
culeocer faocico indecreco caafa 14. qo.f. 
I^ 4. in fiecretal;\.cpco'cic. de arun io ^* 
fieciecal. nec.non Cleinenc. noica eodea 
;tic. ^ icidem.tojofta-jttre narar«t ocda 
.ttionftracP^lofophfls r*policcap.:7.Ter» 
.Aismedtam»&claritfs I>.Tliomasqa.79k 
arcic. i. &- 1, cz Aieofi ^. p. q. 3 ^. memb. 4« 
aic«i. & 1« quibu^aliqui au^borcs modcr*- 
ni adjeccre, fcu pocius fubfticuere non- 
n^lias alias raiioncs,.quibus tameo prx- 
.iCermifliss, ucmmus cfficacibcisqutfd paulo 
pofta(^parebix> roli iRCumbrndum c(t cz^ 
poficioni & confirniaciooi dcmonftt.iiio^ 
num PJiilorof hi, & maxinic D. Ttiomar. . 
Qu« funt fundamcntalc<> pio- omn.bus 
q:Ua:ftion)bus, q.iia; difpurancur de u:ura 
depcndcntcc a folo jcrenariiraf. 

Obrcrvandum itaqHeeilduocirxfiumma ^ 
^cncra rcruin rcmpor^Inim, ab aliis in a- 
Uo^aU^ualucKiiiasfcnbiiiamfciconiiA- 



Dt WfiifiitU ufuH» ^6-f 

1)«' Alreram elt earup, qux nihil interr 
etrc loquendo axi brcvi ao pocius lon- 
ccmpore habeaacur. Hujus generis 
: quascuDque luiicouruconrainnacur?, 
tnum> tricicuxn > auc di^hahontur>'uc 
inia. Alcerumgenuscftcarumrerum». 
: intetell magis per.fe loquendo» fi lonr 
emporehapeantur. Hiiiusgenerisfunt 
1 nec confumuntur, nec diflrahuncu^. 
:oufu>fcd multiplici ufui ucilicer in* 
iunc. fuccefGve uc agcr> & dpmus> ^ 
is^ Kacio huius.dilcriminis efl^ quia 
; unico uXu auc confumuRtur, auc dir 
liunturi eo tantuxn temporis momcn* 
uercilhabercquoille corum ufus cft^ 
rtUDUS, ac utilis ; (iquidcm reliquo- 
porc nihii indc utilitacis habetl potcA;*.. 
itautcmpihil abfolutc intcrefi habcre 
oquc prctio sc.ftiroabilc cfl id, cxquo 
l abfoluie.utilitatis habcri unquani. 
ft : ita habcrc aliquid pro co tcm^ 
>,proquofiihii cz co ucilitatis haberi- 
il, nihii iatcrcfl, nuiloquc prccio ae- 
abile cft pi2:cis4 qjuatcnus habicurU. 
cmporc. Quarje pr^habuilTc rcm c- 
lodi ccmporc antcccdcnti ad oppor.- 
taterii u(us, fclum poccft iViccicfle, 
.tio a.fbi"naii, quaccnus iiiue rcI.L:l- 
f^^-b , quod adcric pra^ixabcn.ti pr^ 



MoB icareshaocrin iis^qi 
nvuBCur» Cc\x diOrahunrur 
Unico ufujHapccnini, fi loni 
bcao^ur poffanc plus prodcd 
^dfcrrcuciliratcm, pcr mu 
fum non rotics pcrccptibile 
longo tcmporc , uc pacct. Ei 
gotcmporc rcs non confui 
4.in;cahibi1csunicoufu intt 
q-ucprcribajllimabirc non 
^arationc fpccialis opporci 
tcmporrfequcnri , fcd criat 
fc. Vndcnnn*cft arquc arfti 
aliudfundans arqualcm (^i 
runtfcmporc fcquenti pro 
oporrunicate«. 

Cnmieririir mari"ri!i nmi 



J>isHfUjfitiM ufutA, ^jli 

Htendioporcunuiu rcipc<tl > maruantisiYcl 
HdcQmpentaodam uciliracrm uius.ii fuca* 
rum prarvideacur» uc cempus cnts oporru^ - 
Dum incerim clabacur > hoccft ad com* 
penrandum cocum lucr«m ccOans, & dam* 
numcmergcns. (imutuansaliqaid ulccriur 
cxigacyidqucdcducac in padum implicicd 
'¥clexplicice, in quo formaliccr con(i(hr 
ufura, ut di£tum c(imanif<itam jndaccr 
in-arqualiratcmi^n cbncra^u &a€cipietad* 
diramenrum prccii >auc quafi precii pro co^ 
quod nihil incereft , nullamqut profus 
utilicarem fupcraddit. Quod clar^conrra^ 
diciciuri naturali divitionisrcrum > cftque 
inrrinrccc iniud^m , uc apparct manifcA^^ 
exdo6^rinaquas(l. 4t. & 15. 

Vid«riaiicui pa(fcc tSt contra coromtii^ 
nemhominumfpnrum, quod nihil inrcr- 
fithabcrepecunias, vinvm » olcum & (!• 
milia>loQg9 pocius tempore, qnam brcvi;: 
omnesenim BDagQ.um bonuna pucant, ac 
maximccxperibilcfcmper abun4^re fccu- 
nia&omai genere urcn(ilriim. Cui bono 
oppoaitar interpolatio rctcotioni» pecu^ 
ti\x , & (imilium apudfc» & translatio 
corum iri alium eriara pro rcmporclimita- 
to , five dfrtcrminato , (iyc indcrcrminata. 
Qnod erco clarius apparet i quia alioqniii 
matuacis pecuuiis nuUum ficrcc bcoefi.'. 



fj^ .fhijiftu xtvr. 

«liammatuacaxio.. Solumiiamqsillicoii* . 
«edicur,iu canco tempore habeat retnfilH 
mtttuatami i^aoto catcc eadem «jni mu* 
caai:«~~Cobceffio aaccm aiicuios cei prseciie 
^aacenuanihil incereft cam habete, aallaffl 
benefieiaBi eft. Eft.cAim de concepcabc^ 
»cficii> sc iatccfic accipicnti^. 

Bfo rcmoTenda ifta 4ifficulcatc>/Jt M- 
majoii^ claiitate fandamenti pofiti oblcr- 
Tanidam cftidefidttrari abaodaticiaai pccii* 
niaium >.T.jg:. conrtnaam prarcis^ qaaota 
fufficitad (acieodam fpem ccctaro, quod 
fuppetcttt tempore epporttino uftts ipfa- 
cum*. Unde&t.at fi^ui dem ad eam fpem 
oonferat, magifr» act farpeconfcrty iloa 
haberc apud t'e aliquam pccuDiarum pat" 
ccm> icd apudalium, <;uiTis cas a fc li- 
beocer projiciar» & collocccapui alium 
ad ccmpus» uc ad/iDC in ccmpore. Qjadt 
caufa inveata.runc dcpofirum crDfus cam» 
hium. Eademq^ieracioQcfieri potcd, fic- 
queaonnuRquam) armucuum*ociam pu* 
rum, ab pmot uCmx labc, 56 fpekicri cxhi- 
bearuc in graciam uon folum mucuacarii» 
fedeciam mutuaBcis. Quia nimirum mu* 
t^ians confidic magis fidci 6c obligiriooi 
alterius, quam providcucix propcic imme- 
diarar quoad [pem.Sc ccrticudinemprcu* 
tkix. iui£u.vuijc i{io ccdx^acc opportuno^ 



I>t in}ajlltia ujun. ^y| 

Crfl;otoU'ratiodirc<^a Sc perredcfidtrandi 
abundanciam concinuam pccubiarum non 
«(t,u£«asquif4>>liabeatapud rercropcF,aur 
loagotempore^fed prarcircquatcnusopus 
c(l, uc ad-i)n( c^mpore oporctino >uruS|lea 
didta^bfanis, ^c alienationis, 

Coftfirmat4ir, quia ncmoprudeiisquaf* 
rlciaot vult acciperepecu>nia^mircuo«Diit 
quando adcll ofoctUDicas auc ncccflicas iU 
•lis uccndi , fcu cafdcm di-ftraiicbdi, •cum- 
•qifc in fiDcnr. habendi ptoprias, ucalienarc 
-tttilitcr poflir. Quod noti ficrct, fi ccynci- 
jsuapccuniarumabuDdautia ultra prxrcn- 
xcai uium tlTcc prudcntcr cxpctibilis pcr 
les dcuccaczpetuntur, qu^ nccabrumua« 
xuii Dcc diflrahuntur unico ufu, Domut 
XDim, & fundus drfidtraDCur ctiatn a4 
tempusy tamccfi aiicnari aut dcRrui mi- 
•isimc dcbcanr. Quaicbcneficiummucuaii» 
^iscrgamutuacanum non in hoccoDfiiliri 
^uod cum u^cuaquc facir abundarc pe«' 
•cuniisadicmpus, icd quod cas fuppcditic 
pro tcmpotc oportuoo urus»acdi(ha6lio* 
«is. Q^a vero ipfe elt eafdem rcceptiifUf 
anxc<)uam(ibi ciabatut fimilisopportunt* 
tas, auc cum compcDratione elapfa inre* 
rim opporrunitatis , pToptcrca contra^lus 
cfl iicnrnqiieaiqualis & juftus, fi mutua- 
xaiius aihii uliia iufeicrogaie cogatur. 



574 f{M^9C'tV%. 

'yatecigiciir^fuiKUfncAcum poficvm tfvoi 
kcipra^ft^. Tboaae fococicato eflk de* 
«lOuftTativum') ii«c itli ciMrradi^croeom- 
toiu»em homioom feirftiHKlfcec coouad»* 
•cac dclufioaliquovora, m;igia Tcx&^iAi^ 
•a^ idi tat pi unmoi-um* 

£ic d^rimfitfedaf • iiim res «aico sfa, 
aat-^oofiiapcibtlef aordiftia^bilci^lC nH 
-muUipti^ fncccfivcoios» -k-cz lacioiic 
fttndsica io ^codem difcklmifie pctfpicicQK 
«as iai^itficarh ofuni probationcSj qtiaf 
''fubcilicci) ftc^raocy ft VenoAd piomo* 
"vencdemoreCaidinales de tngo ft P« 
^foraEa^^alUvicioiisatfumcnccs i Cardina^ 
lisquidemtcm «)ofiiem ptfrfe^Hooit da» 
>caai » Oyc hoc » five requcori aoDo cfle cjaf* 
>dem prorfus valoris , ac 2ftimatioDis,dam« 
modo detur cum faculcace ucendi pro fem- 
jper &ablqueullotcrmioo:$ff>i2averodo« 
fl)ipum pctpctuumcujufvis reiy utrumque 
«liaseiiguarfuperarcarftimatfODC Sc pre^ 
tio domioum ad tempus cuiuTvis aiieriirs 
«ei uccumque alias magox. Pcrfpicirur tn- 
<|uamiftas pfobanuaes fabfiftere minim^ 
poffcobdefedVum diftin^^ionis^oradhi- 
biracfttxD Thoma , Maaifeftum fijoi- 
dcTieftdomtDum rcr aoa tolifompiibiiis 
«aicoufudomusv g au'fundi ptr uoum 
MattAi AUVdi^tfiA ali<^uopcccioasAi- 



"Dt injMfthiaHfun. $?% 

mabile iDdcpcndcucdi a pcculiaribuscir- 
cuniilaoclis-.nccedmagisobrcucuin quocU 
Tis Enuum I qua finicum cft additioocfitxt 
naajus. Ergo poilVlIio ciufmodi rct ioci* 
pieo^ ^iocanoo ed majons aeflimanoois 
per fe,quamiDcipicnsaaDO fcquenci, Ma« 
iiifc'(lum flmiliccrdldominiumieimuict- 
plifisrucccfnvc urusduransprxcifeperan^ 
pum } poiT^ per aliquem cius alum reddete 
iacerim utilitaccm permaoruram fine ccr- 
ixiiooapuddominum acqucadeocon.men« 
^urabilcm alicui rei danda; la piecium abf* 
que ulloccmporjslimite, 

lam quod fuodus v.g. Itc aeqn^ aedifna- 
bihs, eodemque precio vendacurhocan- 
fio » & fcquenci quod pondcrat Caidina- 
•lis , cx eo provenic qtiod fempcr fucccdunr« 
ac fuccielcuDC homiocsejufdcm xtatis non 
cx co quodiiousinruper aDDuspolIcilionis 
xefpcdiu ejufdcm kominis non augcar a(» 
ilimabilicacem ,ficucaugec utilicacem>Si» 
inilicerquodDeusdccedcntibushocanno» 

& fcqucnci cumarquali gracia, & mcricis 
oi^qual^ gloriar gradum recribuac non ex eo 
|>rovcoic> quod anusampliusanDUSvicae 
bcacarnoDfitfpcciaIicerapftimabili$>acquc 
adiliciisrcliqux duracioni «qua parrefinita 

el^ .nonrcdiiac tocufr. cunulum abfolui^ 
«UimabUioicin 3 fcdcx eo j quod Dcus . ut 



57 tf giiiyf/V-Xivt. 

did^utn eft rupraynoniepcadic pnemtapA 
judiiiam commutaiiYam ; fcd per lcga- 
lefn>cujuspropriumc(l accendcrc ad prx- 
fcncem cujufque dignkatcm cjuandocaa* 
que ezticeric> ^ confticucre congruami 
ac decencem cum Hla fecandum ie pco« 
pcicionem. 

Demum circa itfcoinp^nfurahilitaccm | 
dominii ad cempus cum dominio perpe- 
tuo, qu6recurric P. SForza> nocandiiro eft 
omne domimum rerum ccmporaliumcfTe 
^cipfa sd cempus 1 fiquidem finicuf intra 
tcmpusaliquod determinatttm ; ni(i quod 
conCundftur i^norantia finis intra tancum 
(empus dcterminac^ com rgnorantia €oil 
ilmpliciccr : qui tamen abfolurd pracvidc- 
tiu ab oninibu* ctiam iAdcpcodcntcr a fi- 
dc , i-'iircm ip.oraii ccititudinc proptcr ti- 
cilli'udii«''s rcrani hurnanaium, Qua dc 
caulacjn cativ^uc apjctit dommium nrillc 
aujcoiurT' p'ji a{'num,appctit illud multo 
inai.MS, ac pl .iris sritin^at, v^uaro domtnium 
tcri nui ablv|iic ullo tcrimino dcrcrminato, 
cujiisoppoluum vidcrcrur omnino incre- 
dibilc. Acccdit xfhmationcm d« minii ^d 
poftctos tran('inifl[i,rcu tianfmititndi^ma- 
ximc, cum cft rci, parva: langucic iu pro- 
grc(Iu,acdcmum moralitcr cvjnclccrc. /i- 
^UC amoi ct^^ ^QCdcaxcftmiiior; quoma-» 



gii ifc arigine rtcciunc. Verominacpcn- 
dencer «b kaiuscompacacionis confidcra- 
tione^ Bc ulcerlori poadcracionc» conclu* 
4ic efficacicerfuperior impiignacib com- 
xnttnis cidem comparaciotti. ^ difcarfut 
Eminthtiffimi <le Lu^o. 

Ucrutti^Be aucem ha^c habeant tz hoflro 
fiindamcACo dcducicur ulccrius cum D. 
ThoiBa nrci illo t. ad 4« non pbfle mu- 
taaptem abfque labe Sc iniquicace ufurx 
imf^oncremucuacario obligacionemvicis* 
|im mucuandi fuborca fimili opporcuiiira- 
ce, Quia exclufa ifta obligacione dacur 
mticua xqualicas^ uc dcmonftramm eft» 
£rgt>fUperaddicaeadcRi'ex unaparce, nuU 
laque alia 'fimili obligacione correfpoa^ 
dcnce dx alcera inducicur iaa?qualicas> a- 
deoque in)«fticia. 

Qndcpacecdi^criinen obligacionis ma* 
tuattdi premebcis folum mucuacdrium ab 
cjafdem oblrgacionis executioDe. Quia in 
cxecuci^n^tioc eft in adluali pra;fl<iTione 
feuconfradlu mucui dacur ar^ualis utrini- 
qae o1>ligacio , uc di^um eft. Qaaread 
conftitucdam fimilirer arqualicatctn quo- 
ad cjm obligationcni mucuarario irrpo- 
ii:am) debcict muruaos eodcm modo o- 
bligaii ad matuaiidlim itcrum redcunte 
limiu oppotcunitare» aui w^c^^Jax-jxx^ ^^ 



ipaae mlniuuni Ec Cme dabitare ncM 
poceft «(Tc precio «ftuaubile . haberc aii* 
<|iiec»obIijacaad«iacaandafli4UniaJ: ^ao» 
ciesindigttexkabfqae aila (aa ▼iciflim o» 
IbligacioDe* Idem eadcm racione.dicicit 
de aUisfimiHbasobtigacionibaf-cam Laj« 
fnaa dcaliis coacca oonnaUos alios, 
« Dedacicar racrascam commani cooni 
liledioam<» Pectum Ledffioam Jc.paacet 
oUosnon poflc.quidqoamexigt blcra ibr* 
cem pro obltgaciooe non-iTepcccBdi mo» 
tuum per aonum» t. g^ aac dcceoniam* 
Qpii vel ioccrimelabicurmacaanciapoc* 
f anicas actUccr diftrahendi pccaoiamt.Td 
OOB clabicur 1 Si primam neceffe eftac 
oUqirod inccrim lUciumceflerY tcI aUquod 
damouin cmcrgac ; acque utriarvis com<* 
penfatioflicmdi^umcftcAeUcitamxacde» 
«iBcibilcm in coDCraduai ; nec cuoccoofi* 
derabicui fola obUgationonrepeceodi fe- 
fuodum fe prxcifc. Si fecuodum» oihit 
aderir fpectaU compenfatioDc dignum* 
QMia ilii obUj^^acioDi mutuantis coctc« 
fpoadec obUgatio mnruatarii arque acfti* 
snabilisad reddcDdum mutuum>cum pri- 
mum clapfum fueitc rcmpus illud prirfi- 
aoBi i hoc cft aotequam mMmanci acop* 
ipoccttnum uti rc mucuata. Htnc cnim fic 
%i cotu ao ^^«i^i^ ^t^matwMiraMryiam 



]>$ hjufiltls »j0nl fff 

ei foUicitudo & cura» quae »oa intcrTC* 
fiicDr« contradtu tnutui dcbuiflcnt prc- 
fticre ipium, qui mutuatf ne (ibi dceder 
rcs mutuata pro tempore apportaooj ac* 
queca lollicitudo omnino asquifilet pi* 
cien tiz fpetandi pro teraporc «trifflque 
«qua4i. 

Oeducitur fimtlicer certio nibil ezigi 
l^oiTc «lcra fortciti proptcr periculam com* 
oiunc amitccndi eandcm foctem fusdat ua& 
In foia rcritm humanarum viciilitudinew 
Q;iia haic periculo fubcrac f«rs cciam apud 
tnucuftAcemqui hocptaetereacommoduia 
habet ex mucuo » quodfi rcs mutuaca pec<p 
cac> non ip(i peric, fcd n(^utaatario»arqutt 
is ccaetttt fuppicte aliundc pcrind^» ac ft 
Bon inrerii/Tct. CaEccrum (i ad(it perica*. 
lum fpeciale amitccndje fortis,aucczpea'* 
farum>acmoIc(li« pro ejus rccupcratione 
fundacum in iniquitatc habituali» aut aliis 
fpecialibas circumflanriis. & conditioae 
^ualicunqttcmaiuararii potcrit juftc ezit* 

fi ttltra fortcm quantum id intcrcile )a- 
ieabitur, uc cfficacicei: probac^ & cuecut 
eptimc Lcflius.. . 

Katioe(bquia decrefcic precium rei ex 
quoyis pcricuio fpceiali, ucamittatur, 8c 
cz quavis (peciali difficuitate ur habcatur» 
||C)ttt 4«acmcatttm prccii cft damoafla 



Eninifefltitn* Dittum ftucera cfl teBcti 

mucuacariam ad compcniaisdi*m omiic 

ti indc atiquad tticofirciiicns illi ^ccir- 
fcatj libi iiebti impiuarc, ii^uideni fpjje 
pc£ «ud^rm babiCLimjaiicpcopDriciim ftie* 
lic c;iuii dacniii cius cmetgcacisj fto. mi- 
nus fud iDfotcutiiD, Neuuum c&imob^iTo 
dthct bcjieSc£] miitua.tori > ncc cius omni 
cr capice indcmuius pofctt laLtioaabili-^ 
fcr diipliccrc mutuaiatia, aut ciTc vo!iia 

^.ab eodcm quafi coa£lc. Turpe a^m^UA 
kH gcEcic nomum animLuii crga be&4* 

k ^cum* 

iMy ^DcducJcuf quueo ratione occcJliutii 
{»rrrcDti«)quarp[emitm(Jtuarariam,l£ cui 
fabTcnitmucu;ii3S, nonpoJrcciigt aliqitiA 
ijbra io[ccm,iic« pra^neiEij: bcDe^cianrj 
fabyeoiendo. Qaia iaiquum^acturpecft 
dicefcere per mtCeriam aHoxum»«a^e ica 
abaci» ut-pcrcjufdem milieiiaraugmeiicam 
£ac coDcrarium augmencujn foicunx, ^ 
!libundaaci«propcix> uc^ue fub falfa fpe* 
€i«:bcn^cii^e prxfenci curoulecuc in fa» 
curum mifciia bciiefidarii, Quod eft pet* 
a6nbiiaiifal£» CDiiccicoxdic genus» fimile 
illiil|aa fiebricuati potrigicur frigidapao- 
ia poft aiceendcas mulco magis ardorcim, 
4d>tiS| te &uiBk»«& demttm cxciAgaeatc^ 



2fe wfujlitia aftin . j f I' 

;rotum , fi idcm falfaf mircricortJiap opuf 
icpius rcpctatur, Manifcftum Dimirum 
*il ita in rc sroftra contin|;eErr(i abindiv 
^eifti prarcifc ^111:1 indtguscfh Sc eo plusi 

Suo magis in^igtt ezigatur>plus qoam ipfi 
etur» hquidcm i^dcfit>«t m»gis poftea 
^auperefcat, accip)art{.cfre beneiiciam, fca 
;)ua(i betic(icium,& levamco prxfensccf- 
"utnmtandemii^ruinam fuamcum folius 
iantis atilitarc pnra, lioc^ll quin aliquid 
aoali viciffim patiarnr: 

Oitenfum autem eft qa.45.efle intrin*' 
!iice injaflam acqttiiitionem nihil abfoluti 
zonfereBtem in boffum commiiney fcd po«» 
nusnocrntemaiiis,neqae in idgenas^a- 
cri confcntire ab initio homines potaifTc» 
rninim^Ter&omnium quifquam conten- 
;iet antecedenf! Tt)(untatey ac fi ipfe ta 
leceditatem incidcrit^ eo ipfo acqairanc 
itii jus, & liberam poreftatem augendi 
'uam mifcriam facflto bcne&cio>& plu* 
*is daadi &bi catrdem rem , quam dare- 
ur, (i non ioeidiirct in paupericm , ac ne* 
^eflStdrem. Atquc hxc cft ratio ob quam 
^hilofophus ubi fupra damnavit arteirk 
'*«rQeratiYam> feu dandi pecaoiam cum 
'ocnore; hocefl tradbandi rem iofru^lifc-' 
am , 4c fVcrilem , ac fi foecanda tStty ac 
(U^ifciaj fulumque permi&t dvt«.Cce.\%. 
Bb j '^ \«- 



ssamrpirmoiiam» .feflosiaBt^» fabdlcoii 
flRrcacBrain.» at-ltoiUci aritt ced^bcct ifi 
iDaxiinttiii.geitcris liamani .comnoduiit 
<c iifiUcatem»4e iion liabeatef pci lc cii- 
tnm iimplicicaf» Je aibfolot^MciTUi lii 
§ft&u ciij«fi)«am« • . 

Qoo4 capQCicftinxafapofito non JacQi 
itqaalicaft inccr-dacom ftJiccepcuiB» ' Qaii 
anucoacor ^oactnof accipic aUqnid nlcn 
forccm reporuc commodnm» ac Uicraq 
riirqae aUo fno^liljpendio» aac laborci t 
miih difpcndio macnacaiii r mncaacarini 
WDO acdpicAibTentionC ic lcTamcnpxc* 
fiencif fajpnccefficaiiscamoncic fapcmo* 
gsndi aliqaid. loHiftut aoccm cft cooci»* 
^tis io quo defick squalnas mucua iDtei 
coDCuhences. Vcrum hvc «qualicacis de« 
fcAttsapparetcUrius«xfuiidafncacoprio« 
cipalis coDclufioois fupra pofitoi io qu^ 
^idelicer oflcDAim cft dari mucuam otrini' 
que srquajicatem> reclufa fupcr crogatLo- 
Aecx patteinttcaatarti>&ex vi foliusobh- 
^atioois eidem impoficjt ad rcddeodam 
coram rortero. Jani vci^ ratioot a coocra- 
ciocoocludirurclar^, ii mutoaror ioopcre 
iBtttuaodt impcndac laborem aliqucm i 
nnt alac famulnm oumeraodae pecuoiaci 
4M)AicnbtXk4o\v>dt^ \%.\vQaum, & cxigco- 



Jbs mjttfttM nfutn, -f$ j 

^fsdcfeitis a rxiutuatarirtSjportc congruaju 
catcnns cannpcnlationcm accipcre. ' 

Qua. itidem lationc approbaotur , ac 
!attclaotur moDtes pictatis, licet cxigat^ 
iD eis a^lf({ttid ttltta fortem ^ mucuatariis 
pro modcraca cjufmodi compcDfatione la- 
boris, & expcnfaium. Neclongi abiimili 
sacioDC mercatoribus aliifquc pcffonisin* 
centisjiegotiacioQi ex officioylicet falcenft 
ucplttnmum exigcrc aliquid ulcra fertent 
obaaxicipacam a fe, tcI diUcam (ibi fo1ii« 
tionem^ quar^uc talisnihildifFcrtrc ipfaik 
mutuo. Hac tamen ia re cautiHimc pro'- 
<cdcB<iui» c% quia auri facra fa;ncs Facil^ 
cfabicur in abufttm. neceflltatis urgcnti» 
mutuatarium) & traducit iuiqucin mate- 
riam Iucri,ac mcrcis, qncdcncnrialitercft 
marcria p.uri bcneficii. Norandom eflad- 
^itnmcncum prctii proprcr laborcm, & cx- 
penfas> aliafque circumflAncias oncrofas 
mutuantis, prxfercim habicualiter^ feu 
permanenter difpofiti ad muruandum, Sc 
fimilitei cxercentis mutuationcm cum fre« 
qucncia> & cum utilitate communiratis 
atque cum a;quali proprio detrimento 
quoad alia lucra, quibns poncc licitc in- 
cumbere, C\ non impcdiretur eo gencre 
juTamiois refpcdbu indigcntium: cale in- 
^uam addinrmencum prccii di6lia.ca \x^^%>n. 
Bb ^ ^ ^ 



cft uUn roncm oon <|uo<l fimpljcUer o^ 
inr Jburc^icoTjfidcracisvciefit ulua fortcmj 
ut hc}uct ci foitifi cirpdiirioticiQitJQpr^- 
latj ; Tc^i^utatfl uhra foKem, G cooltclc- 
jctur viraqu^^'^ mutuatio iecuiidumXtjlc 
^^oo rcfcfatui ptactcrca ad <iirpoiinQacin 

. •crmi ucii tcrr) m u tu j^mi s j cx q u a i cd uodac 

ID rmgulos utilitas petfon* dcftinat^*! 

^tn^ voiutatfjYcl ci difpoIinoncPriucipii 

i«d fubvcurioncm, Sc lcvjmcn ectrunu De 

> '^^i<^ g^ncTc utihutis fitj^ulofu adpciciwi 

|i>i3:tcieiiaiit^uidoccaCoDerei (Imilisq. fc- 

^ucnti ad^ . latctiaici di^is conftat u£iit 

'!^Am circintiiaft:cc ilIicitaiTi,& im quoi'^Ct 

cofirtf^jrj Sc quxjiamfubfeconiplc^tatur» 

Ad t. Quod ad f^imriluTTi Chrifti arn- 

jsct ia illo loco Lacar i^^ ufura.accipicv 

mecapiibFicc pro augmcnto boaofttm fpi- 

ritoalium fupetaddico ad gratiara prcTC- 

tiieBcem Dei , quatenus Deas» tuIc not 

fempcrproficere in bonis accepcisiib ipfo» 

QuodpercinetadnaAram utilicacem» noa 

Pei mucuancis nobis fua dona,,caa ofara 

propriccalise(renciali(er percioeac ail.ati- 

iirafem mutuantis, & Documcncum mof 

cuacarii. Deinde qued 23. Dcucex» A<idi- 

tur prohibicioni fanoris; ffd ^Ue»^ kcxinr 

Aum Ambrofium» D. Thomam» 9c alios 



ixi$ ob Titandum majus malum» quod 
«ommififfcnt adverfus fc ioviccm ob ni- 
miam aviditarcm*lucrandi>fiea pcrmifHo 
fa&a ooQ faifrctrefpei^u alicnorum» Alit 
rcferunc eaodcm permifTionem ad jus belli» 
quod i^rrcbanc Judaci adverfai iofideles^ 
acque noc pado, oihilliic referrad quar* 
ftionem prcfentcm. Jam quod-in codcm 
libro addicur fctmrahis gintihus mnfieis noB 
peccinec direfke ad promiffionem|prxmiit 
led folum concinec f rasdi^^ioDcm opuleii^ 
ciae Jadaicx, & cgeftacis genciliiun > «c 
conftac clai^ cx concexca cocius capicis; 
ponicur enim foenus 5c fs&erare pro ma» 
cno & mucuare» quod iper fe pracftacar i 
divice refpeda egcocis, De&iqae €b»di 
iBucuiBuIlume(lprxcepcam>fakemquod 
fempcrobliger>&earactoj»edacematuamf 
U fic fubvenireipdigenciponicurincero* 
pera confiiii.Q^od ad:dicur nihilinde^t» 
rantts, non dcbct acci^ dc fpe lucri nfura*' 
ri4,fpddeqaaUcanq; fpe eciam gractcadi*' 
ois, percinec enim ad confilia> & per£e^io- 
iiem evangelicamy ac omnia opera bona 
fiaocreponeodo cocam fpe» recribucieiijf 
ia folo Deo, & non in Kominibu$. , 

Adi«' Licec ai^ira. fic iACriofcce »}uft*i 
Bihiiomino» )afta clTe poceft Icx; permis* 
jjiTalacri tt6)xaiii cum ccriai^qm^ !jfpi- 
B b 5 v^ '^^^- 



9t« Ji»«jN«?XLVI. 

•^tiooc» t< aiodctatioBe ad ▼ican j« mt\^ 
«a fnaU^^ficot penif iilioots proft ibuloim 
Mflufit C0C hoocflc iicet ufas cetuai h 
UitHarec^.iHl)oncftas , tcrpcAii «tcortaai 

Srocii-fibDe. QuopaAo laodaturpcnDts* 
»diviott4eqQiBopeff diccbator lerpcfta 
Jodff^roni. ' Eadeoi igitur ratiooe kecs 
llckoaiao« fiitrehooeftar,quia permSs 
%lbnripias nodciatioao pct eafdem ^tm^ 
ScMiftt Titabaom» alic ofanr detcnoiis 
midfti6«i«i. Veroio qaatenas iilc legcs 
«oociBcw praBtctea tid^ata ppxobatioocai 
oJnfiMfdi mfararom» le adjoogaoc coa* 
'ftioocik ad eomoi fohitiooefls i 9c oe uota 
labes laipaoli.legaai^^ mooita praifidia 
lAtftcretar puriraci piofeffioois Chriftia* 
mx merito ahrogatsr fonc per jos caaooi* 
^OfO locis rupcrias iodicacis. fic fimilitec 
obrogara eft pernoTam reftameotum pcr* 
miniailla Judasis h£tz refpcftu iafidcliqoi. 
SA tcftamcnco rcteri. 
- \Ad |. Qui mucoat nnllom praeftat beoc* 
fitiiim>.nallamqac cihibcc matcTiam gra- 
fitudifiisracionemucaacionisfccoodumft 
jpFsrcifc» Quja mucnacaiius obligacur ad 
atquale^Jtiocemporc prjtflai omoino je- 
qoalcoc ofteofum cft.. Qua icidcm foU 
fttioDc ffuflkm eft bcneficium, nolliique 
m^i^ |^^idi«is.ijt TSJndicioAe, ic im 



De in} ufitd HfurA l f 8 T' 

foUuionc (lcbiri tccitnduin rcprascifc con- 
fu-icratif. T«^ta i'..ivjiic rjcio bcncficii, to- 
taquc n\.iti.i:a ^raritudinis pcndet cx pc* 
culiaii indigcntia & acccffitatc mutuara- 
liii cxqua circumftantia poccllcriana cflc 
bcncfica, & obligaiis ad gratitudinc vcn- 
ditio & (olurio dcbiti,cuin tarucn proptc- 
rca , ncquc rcrndens poflit cxigcrc majus 
prctium,ncqucdcbitor dcmcrcaliquid crc* 
iitori cx quaQtitate dcbira. Cujus rci la- 
tio UDivcrfalis rcddira, & valide connrma- 
taeflpaulo prios, circa quartam eandcm- 
quc poilremam illationcm, Qnaproptcc 
ncgandt^m cf^ univciCalitcrquidquid cori' 
fcrc ad tationcm bencficii, & gratitudinis 
pofle eo ipfo confcrre ad maceriam juilai 
' c^mmurarionis. SuDCcnimaliqua iotrio* 
fcs^ perttnentia ad mareriam bcocficii pur^ 

fracuici 5 quas vidcliccc juxta prima^vani 
ominum convexirioncm^ & voluncacein 
fimpliciccranccccdcQcem finguloram pr<^* 
fcio^cDtem a peculiaribus ciicumftanciift 
poffibilibus coniingcrc rcfpcdu cuju8« 
quc> con lunc matcria ncque partialis» 
iicque cotalis, commutationis, quxque (i 
in commucationcm dcducantur, co ipfo 
xcddicur jmaceria maleficcDria!, & iniquae 
/damniiicaciontis» qtiac erac niateriabencfi- 
Mnxim^ Si tharicatis , ui Vvojxtv ^i- 4^^vv 



5?* J|[y*«#.3PLyl. 

%itct Andeibf ^oirvamilltueoeoi.. lUal 
igitur raotamtnbdo rehipQttle ^u^i gi«ut 
colUtum lat idjuniftuiB co»(titmc beoefi* 
cium » ft dedadum' i» •ommiicatiefiemi 
tkion eo ipfo Tercicor io fliilefciams U lai- 

\|utcirem ..poccft-eflre mtceria jaft« coai* 

inacattotits, tc^i^e cjufmodt aeqatfotm 
iiftcirctfHifttotit.indige&ci»ffC(itlif.pie^ 
QieocH mdcatttrsnm.. 

Ad 4. Vtjt trgeotet hzhtnx tniin ofofli 

'^^«tec diffatAioacm & tli«ottioBcm>i<* 
qaeipfis't6Teoitgriocip.tUccrpcr(€«idco* 

\ qoe Ctlis^.orus-Tcodi pdceft jam ptccio re* 

' f eoct propricctre eoroodem^iecaiidui 62 
%x peenoft pciofiptncer lk per iMft otdi« 
flataad folum, ufum difttad^ioois» 9c tllc» 
jtacionts. Sed fi pecuniaeargeAteacconce* 
^ancur ad aliam ofum fecundariam ipft* 
mm ex. g. ad oftentatioeem Yel td poneo* 
dum ]ocppigoort5>calis ofuSTfodi pote« 
fit jufto pretio qnanii communiccrcfti^ 
nabitiir. Qupd nihil contctdicic dodri- 
nx fuperiori ut parer. tlode rttio difcri- 
rninis proTcnic tormtlitcr exdeftiotciooe 
ad direrfos ufus trgeoti fab diTcrft h» 
joa. Uzm dc Ttfi argenr«a fi dcnrar pct 
commutatienem etunc fimiliter iocaptf 
cia pro quibus jufti accipiacor tliquid 

Ulutfouutx, 



J 



5^^ 

Q^n M s r i (^ XL-vik 

VtrumfmonUJ!tifUfinfiee,i»iHfisi,J. 

VIqetvr,. noneffeinittfta» i.Qoia 
fcieoci & YOJen.ti oon fitioincia. Qui 
autem dac prcuum pco re fpuituaii» 
dacilludfciens ^ yolens. Erga qui iilud 
accipitooBfacitioiuriano». 

!• QuidTis fpirituale cft xftimabiliut 
i}U0Tis ccnporati. Qui,autMn>dacaiiaui4 
a((limabiUas>quam quod acexpit non tacic 
iniuriam. £rgocontrtftusiim«niacusnoii . 
cftinjuftus (aUcm exfarccTendentis resi. 
fj^iritualem; 

3. Pro facrificio m\^K > fih oratieni- 
^nSj&aliiscjufmodi dantur pecaoix a .£^ 
dclibas> haudqttaquam dand^^ii iistdio- 
£»bus non adjaceret aliMid fpiritualc ac 
ft>pernataralt*ccrteaon daodx in ea quan» 
'titace> inquaetoeantar de fk€t4^ Cuiat 
fignuta eft> quodnen fimtUter dantorab 
infidelibus > tcI ctiam a fidelibas no» 
eperantibusez motiro pfopo£c9 per .fide» . 
^ qttod non tancuQErdem datur pro xquaU 
iabore in alio gcncte. Dici autcm noa 
foccft, toc facerdotes, & pios orato^e 
wm ac palam a^tcc ijuuftc dc tcneri ^i 



5^0 §iujtfihXLVU. i 

f cditutioncm, dc qua necogiiant qaidea> 
sccipd Dccprarlati Ecc\cC\x* 

4. Eirptio & "vcBditto rci temporalis 
anncx.x* rci fpirituali pro purc tcnnpcra- 
li jnoBcr^incrinfccc iniuda; Ergoncque 
cmptio & Tcndirio rci iptiusfpiritualiseil 
intrinrcce iniufla. Patet confequcntiai 
X)uia rcs cemperalisannczarpititualiia- 
^uitnaruraxn cius, utpore principaliotis. 

f . Non cll intrinfec^ injufta permQta- 
tio rcrum fpiritualium pro fpirituaiibos» 
fcupur^yfeumixtd ralia fint. Pofitoautcm 
lem fpiritualempoficex fua natnra cfle 
inateriam iuftae cemmutationls, oulia 
fupcrcft ratioob i|aam iuX^c commvtari 
jaon poflit pro rc criam purc temporali. 

R. Simonia communitcr dcRnhui fiu 
dif^faveluntasfmendiaut vtndendi altquid 
J^iriruAley uel fpiriruali annexum^ Sr« 
diofa pcriodc clt ac dclibcrata, Emendi 
/tutvendtndiCixmitnxhzti proutcorrplc* 
iftitur ODerofum cujufvis (jcncris conrra- 
Aum.in^uohabcatrarioncm rficrcis, auc 
quafimercisvcl prctiircs fpiiicualis cofr»- 
parationcrci rcmporalis Aliquidi]niruMi 
pcriDdeeft,iar<]ucalic;uoddooum lupcrua- 
ruralcordinatum cx iuanaturaad bcatitu* 
^incm fupcrnaturalcm, ipUquc iir.pri* 
|nis bta^dlu4% W^^^av.^wlvs^ s^ititnAlt 



De snjuflitia fimcnis, f 9 c 

Mnnexum t diciiMi , quodad pricfcns acti- 
Dct ,quodlibcctcmpcralcquatcnusrpccia- 
licet a;(limabile e(l rationc rci fpiritua 
liSy vclcaiasius>dominium , aut poflcflio* 
dep«Ddec tanquam et caufa , & radi* 
tccxproprierate^aciurerefpeAu rei fpiri- 
tualis. Priori modo e(l fpirituali annexunk 
aurum Calicis coDfecrati , & labocfacicn- 
difacrura; pofteriori Ter6 modo frudus 
provcnicnres ex beneficio eccle(xaftico> 6c 
£cdealiis ejttfmodL. 

Simoniacam hujurmodi cmptioocnd^ac 
yendicioneni cfTe per reillicfcain lethalicerr 
acgravi(Hmecituloirrcligioficacis k vili- 
pendii rerum fpixicualimm ,<)UGdin eis c6« 
finecur,alrerittso9aninoloci,;&quaeflioni6 
cft. Adprz&ns enim folum percinetcxa- 
xniDarccirulaminiuftitispropric^ 9c ftri^ 
{kc (uni ptx. Diccndom icaquc cft cam em- 
ptiodem quam vcoditionem rci fpiritnalis^ 
iprotemporaii , juxta fcnfum cjplicatumr 
c(reiDiuftamidqucintrinfccdcxipfanatu- 
rarei. Iradoce^t Snarez, Ledius» lcalii 
cosnmunircrin prarfcati. Coliigitur dar^ 
«X illo Mathxi 10. ^%.gratis ikcceftfiis ^gratit 
ii^te: & 1. Pctri 4. le, -unufyuifjue ficui^ 
jusepiP vratiam in alreffitrum iUamadmini-' 
firantesyjscuihrii dij^i»jft9rts. mHltifortnii 
^^dti$lUi^. ^•* ■ '....:■-... 



\» 



^i QHAfiia XLVll. 

la priori exhislococontineripisce^* 
tumt & nonrolumcoD£liocnruadeceffi- 
caciccrforrouUlocatioaiscoQjandba cam 
capacitatc& digDicatematcriae malcifqnc 
congtucnciis^QaiaTet^ianoTo tcftamcn- 
tOQullaiadu£bafanc prxcepcapoficiTadi- 
Tfna prxtccquam fidei 9c racramcBtorani. 
uc.adycrcitLefnuscum D* Tlioma& aliis 
commuaitet^ patcc-eam^ obligatioocm 
dandi gracis fpiritnalia elTc deiure natata* 
ii diTino. Ex pofterioriaucem loco colUgi- 
tatalteriusdidc^prxccpcanan folam in- 
4.uci inhoneftatem » kd etiam nallitateni 
Tcnditionis fpiricnaUuB pro cemporali- 
l>us* Quia purus dtfpeniacor non kabec 
domiDium Sc peccftatem difponcndi Tali* 
dcdcrcJfibi comiciCa, nifljuxta Tolunta- 
tcmdominii quziBpraefentieft de daDdo 
gracis, Pacetautem cife injuftum eum qui 
yendit, fcu quafi Tcndit> & accipitpre* 
tium pro-re > quam ncc licic^ • ncc Talid^ 
Tenderepoceft. £r;^OTcnditiorci fpirirua« 
iisprotemporalieft inmnfccc iniafta cz 
ipunatura rci. 

Idem dcmonfttacur ratione, Qujarcs 
fpiritualcs aeftimancurdcpcndcntcr a fola 
fide, & in.ordtBcadfolambcacitudincm 
artcmamfupcraacuralem : Rcs ycr6 tcra- 
^ulacftunaAittt imficdiatc dcpendcn- 
* * CCf 



dcnterartcioncnacurali, & m orJine ad 
felicicatem cemporalcin , %c «acaralcHi » at» 
^ue ai fociecaecai civilcm.Qu^K autemhoc 
modocomparanturtDterfCy funt ioTicem 
ificommcniurabilia^ 9t irieiaciCiiia «d 
arqualiraccm, qu« eft deraciooe.iiiftitia&.. 
Quod apparctintcr«Ii««z iis<|uinqiie ra* 
tiooibus. Erimaeft:,Qttiaqni babct jtfti* 
«ationcm rerttm dtredam £ie> omnifti 
temporaliaarbicracuruc ftercora compart^ 
tione fpifficualium. EcoBTcrfo fecundufii. 
«ftimaciot]<em laciooif oaxttfaH^ftulcujcft 
dare ac reiinquere cein.poraiia pro fpiricua* 
libus. Quorum primam pacct cr i* ad- 
G ori n c h. I o . n^sfiuhi fropter Chrifium ex- 
quealiiseiufmodipluribttsinquibusratio* 
aacuraiis ftuitittj& dncit dimifiioncm rc^ 
rum ccmporaiiuokpfo fpiritaalibus. Con* 
(lac firoiiircr ahcrumczj. adFhilrp. t. 
Ihropur ^uem omnis detrimentum feci , <^» 
Mrbitror Mt fiercorik. Quod Cornciaus a La- 
pidcibi cam Chrifo. &.TheopKiL acccpit 
deomnibusDoo folom legalibas^fcd etiaoa* 
de omnibns^ om.ntoo tempojraiibttS. Ec* 
quisaurem rqualitatcm inTcniar inter «a 
qnae non nififtulrc zftimabilia pucancur, 
ic putaMtur uc ftcrcora , & inter ca , com- 
paracioQc quorum ucralibcc cz illis calira 
f.UUOClU. 



5f4 ftjMa»^ xtTn;. 

tccaB&cftff«iaia dmfioi^ani tcMpon^ 
liirai.ftAaeftfamiiMC0nftciinilms ti^ 
^118 cs iUa f cvd^nt omftM inra circa ilU% 

JcroitccliqttiAiB bonam coinfiiaao^^ 
Acaria &lictt«cew«^f nli>it fflcifiMiof 
«iccacccirili «clifacccs qa«ft. ^%.M 4$» 
MilMlaatcm ejorfliodi coafttc»aai cooW 
IUan8)i(|aidroiri<aalciic jpcateiidifv 
dlonegratMrafcBdci« \. . - 
« Tcrcia«fttteftisiatiocttiimp«BdcBfkf- 
jlc j Oc fpot iUilitacii indc JlcriTM^ > fanc 
^icoiqac libcne » ficot cft libeca if (afdcs» 
JC poftidcin fpcf I poccftqoc f roindd *pad 
taiia^cai^c»TiIc<iccffef aatjeri prccio- 
fum' proflbico>^aodcft «fttmabile ilepea* 
^enterafide» atque adeo fieri cqualc) ▼€! 
doarqualc alcerirei. Quodrepugnatxqua- 
litacif rel xnxqaalicati ioccBr^ > & reie- 
£tx pcr iufticiam oon variabiii rro arbittfo 
permDtantis. ConiidcravolcDtcm crcdcrc» 
nuc fpcraxe ante cmpcioocm > & nulcnicm 
pbftea ; atqoe ^converro; Oc iodc variatum 

J»reciamrei«ac videbis corruere xnBezibi- 
em juftitiae cooditionem/ 
Quartaeft. Inde ficrcc uc poflcc eadcm 
tcsYcndicariusfideliquaminfideli » 8c to 
.magisquohicpertinacior ille conOaocior 
l^lTcCi nOctCE.^t«\^^>Qya^miaprobo;optv 



ono quam peflim«: Quo nihil iniquius e^e 
jioflTct. Sequela f cro ex coafiilerationc pr^» 
Dcden c i cll m an i fefla. 

> Poftremo cum rotum gcBus hamannaiF 
ic ez fua aacura ocdinacum ad unaca com'* 
nunem pacificamfociecacem > 3c prarfcn* 
tcm fclicicacem £bi connacuralem » qus 
Biucnisliinc inde commerciis fovecur } ac<^ 
]ue fubfiftir, debuic habcre unam aliquaoi 
:egulam contradiuum ^mnibus commo* 
Bem clai am . ac manife Aam , & cun^isin* 
legabilemy necTariabilem» pro YariccacA 
celigionis, quam quifquc pro atbicrio pto*^ 
icerccur« £rgoalteratioprcciorum cz^ dU 
irerficacereligionisrepngnacoptimxgene* 
rishumaoiconflicutioni>regimini> acp^ 
:i, & felicicaci minim^ impcdica? commut 
nicaiionismntux 6c communisabundaa^ 
tiae ,qua!inde proyenic« eademquecoafe-' 
qucntcr cft coucracia rommuni hiimani 
geocris coofenrui, ex qup iura omnia circa 
rcsrcmporale^» uiiluperiusdiAumeft,de-' 
pendcBC, & ^ui contraTcniri fineiojuQi- 
cia, Donpoce(lquoadrcsipfas; quoadia- 
rartr^non nifi nulfiter.ac pcrpcram, Ex 
iis iraque concluditux fimooiain cfie in* 
t{infec^injuflam;perquam videlic^crepa- 
gnac, utconfticuacac aBquaHcas incecda*^ 
tumi lc accepcum. 



l4iAcaKCTalt<UcoBce4iniriA«}or.IirbltiBC«* 
teiotiJida> aciiiill««c«rar nujocjiutr 
4Ka«^Kft*4y. « «««-«e^diftMiat fimiKtct 
imMMi^tft«CfiriM*flM|^ttttfV Qolt ^* 
micTtefir.tpicftftkMftD teiiMmf jfaoi' 
litbtt ytihiiitet u pr J6nt »il •,fWtiiJcattdi,tc' 
felttcadt-pfwiiiRi «^ntlc fct fpixiiQtlL- 
HoctvteminiilifcreitilicoMtti coBftacfiH* 
tncjc^tftit^ HtbcBttDiflfr^iif EtdiceMcai* 
fibili^ein ▼dloMMe^i^luii «tr CM(cflfr 

«MRC»^llWHtBiw)UnMi»^t«ti COtt»^ 

ftittittati*.' r * — ■ 
•1^4 i> Qbtd^f ff tritiitle^3rfUmtU<k 
i{iisi{iioTisteat|iOfaH^ de|»cadeBter dfiter 
ieta ordiae ad fiBempofitampcripfiimr 
aontameafccuadam zftimaridncm pcn- 
dentcm tratioBC nacorali^ & inbrdite 
tditn^m rcbos temporattbas conaatara- 
lem. Qnt aatcm dat Tcndendo quodcfk' 
minasrelatiadhaocfinem, flcadhancra* 
tionemeftinjaftus. Qaia hinciumicarre« 
Eula iufl« commuratiottis rerum tempora* 
lium , & non ez fioe faperaaturali > & cr fi^ 
deyUtdi^umefV. Qaarein co cafn$ fotus 
cmcnseftx|uinon facittnjurtamTendend, 
licec uxerque Gt irreligtofuS|ic injoriusad- 
▼crfusDeum. 

Ad), Ct\t3»t^ikX\b^i^<cartatibas. It 



ficdeftmilibus dancur pecuDix partim ul 
fiipendium laboris ncccllacium ad fuflca* 
tationem ticcs parcim uc ceUmoryfi»» 
cum ez eodem fine cum Cttenda majoii de- 
cencia (lacaseorusi. fic faae quod ad fti» 
pcadiumaccinec> laboc corpocalis impca« 
(as rcbttffacris prae(ciadcB<loab earum fan 
€|bitacCi6c conducencia «dfinem fuperpacu^ 
. iralcm, acque atcendendo adfolum onuSy 
i|uod fufcipicur ia obfequium alccrius ia- 
«cadencis quvilemcumque fiBem,eft dignut 
compe&{acioAc cemporali» In^redicurprae- 
tereain paicem juftae acftimacionisja^uriy 
qaampicitttr>qiiificlaboiac> abftinendo 
abaliis laboram U, quxftottm generibus» 
b &afrumeodoftacam-, Sc condicioQcm Ti« 
' txincap4ccmc»ram. N uila igicur cfl ia- 
s' iufticia in ftipcndiis» quae celebranccs 8c 
pranccs commaiuecr rccipiuncafidflibus. 
Nameriamitfidclis, fi czigcrecaequalcni 
laborem>«umaequaiilaborancis jadura,&: 
smpedimenco» dcbcrccfolucrcxqaalciti* 
pendiom >qucmcumque demum nnem in« 
cendeset« N cc enim men(uca]ufti precii > ac 
r (Itpendii fumicur cz fine incenco ab qo qui 
I €zigic4ttcimpea<lic laborcm> fcd czma* 
gaimdineipfittslaboris, occ ■oajadur^ 
pcr fc c«nfcqttcnci$ a^ iilttm. Vidcxi poceft 
Siiac(2 tQm«i* 4cJLeli£. lib. & cap.4.B.7^ 



9^« fi»i^> xLvn. 

«dcluceiis cominuDcm hominamconfelt* 
fum pro Ycricate hujus 6o{ktinx , liccf 
cius racioocm putcc peroblcuraiii , & xa- 
veocu difiicilemi quod aon tofque adea 
Tcrumvidecur* 

Ad^. KcsccmporaHs aoiieza fpiricu^lif 
ut fcudus beoeficii ccclcfiaftici . fc aurum 
iquo cooftaccalizcoBfecrarns, cjufdemeft 
io fc oacur«i cafdcflEi afFcrc commodicaces» 
^ iifdem quancumcft ez fe fubjacec lcgi* 
busiiivifiooiscerum ancc& poftcalcman* 
Bcziooem)ncqoeidcollipoceftarecemp9* 
tali propcci aooezionem adrcmfpiricua* 
lem t ic ma^is princif alcm. firgo H cedeoi 
precio femper yendacur» nccaugcacurflli* 
qiiicl prctit racione adjuo^ar (piricualica- 
<]s . !f n jcr d^bicur eadem a:qualiras pco« 
pna lulljcia. Quarc io vcndicione cf u(an9« 
tiircrum folum cft prsecavetidum lcanda* 
lum>quod tacilrpoccftfuboriri >& ioccr- 
poncadusconfcnius fumn^i Ponciticis,qui 
xfi fupremusdifpcDfarorrcrum cciamccm- 
poraliuaonczarum fpirirualibus. Arquod 
vftpur^fpiritualenoo habcc ulUnfl (imiii* 
ter regulam uniformcm comparacioncrci 
tcmporalis & pccunia; , undead arqualica- 
temreducarurquar cltdecoaccpcuinftirijr 
flttlia i^cur cftf ac^a»» 

A4 



tffrmHUipUcijttri. ^jf 

• Ad 5« Pexmutaciol^uicualitURprorpi- 
ricualibas > id€o dodw iojaftaeztc. Quj^ 
^xxx ucrimqu^rtalia func fub)a«enc eidcm 
acrimque regnlae Kftamacionis , U ad eun« 
4cm fiocm ordiAtBtur cx fe » habencurque 
abfolucegracis» dnm faabcncnr pn^aliquo 
kabico tc^onfecvaco fimilicer gratis, firga 
mulco minus^ic poceft ulla pariras dcduci 
pro jaftapermacacionc fpiiicoaliiim cuia 
lcmporaUbus* 

. QJASTIO XLVIIl. 

[ Vfrhm ius profrietMs fofftt fimjsl intjfi 
flurihus citcs 9nnd§mrem \ 

VIOBTVR non pofTe inefle>Quiaial 
proprietacis ei gcnere fuo elt libcra fa* 
caltas difponcndi de aliquo munir* 
Iegefavcnteipii& graTanrealios.Siautens 
ilttpbusincfferiuscirca eandem rem > neu- 
Cerkaberec circa illam munimen legis fa- 
▼encis (ibi,& gravantis aiioSiQuia ucerque 
graYarccur pcr legem in favorem alcerius 
£rgo nequic ineflcdttobus fimulcane^iut 
circaeandemrem, 

R. AdgcncralcmTcrum divifioncm , dc 
iqua. de<|(ir eius cfFcdlibus circaipfas, a« 
Aumelta^uxii;. 43^. fubfccuiacfasrplurc» 



I 



€iKCt<{ttod tp&Ter(attlt. 
Pri&iuhi «atem ac 
)uris proprietatis cft i< 
^uoi i luriftis coac 
cum Birtolo* in 1* p. 
SCfuirendM ffJfeJpenByin 
'di de r€'cdrf0rM>U, nijt » U^ 
ftrfeB^ ponitur a4 exp 
dinem dominii» qnci 
«fus tci> cum indepe 
cate alteritts quatenus 
InodisTuis; Hxc enim 
pcrfe^tionem iuris prof 
agitur 9 ttt liquet cz pa 
r§ cirper^li. Quiaiusj 
cur dire^e^ifca pcffoni 
tas ifitelledtt lc toIu 



I>e multipUcf jun. ^mt 

:o a JurifpcritisEcs corporalisdominio, 
tcta uc officia , fcrvitutcs adioncs pci- 
iales> & fimilxa) quafi dominio haberi 
runcur. Poftrcma patticula nifi Uge fr^^ 
teMtur, accipiendaeft de lege prscise>uc 
rcguU^ dc menfura honcftach^ & nonur 
eciam iniuiime& )ttris propriecacisalce- 
is^ id eil dtlcgepo^ficiye} 9c negacive 
npta : Ica uc fola lex honeftads» & non 
amjiisaiceriuslege mttnicufaventcipfi» 
graTantealios in favoreipiiusimpediac 
i difponendi convcniens perfcAeac plc* 
domino. Adias enim hasc definitio fo« 
n czpiiaierc» racion«m om&ibus }urts 
scicbtts commuBem. 
Porro» omne anivecfalicer daminiu pro* 
iecacis plenum ac perfcdbum jiizca cocana 
im lacicudinem ex parce fubjed^i 6c cer* 
iBi^fev racio UAivcrfalifnmahttjus juris 
finirifacilc 8c perfpicue poccfl>ezdidis 
icft. ). Omiffis namque aliorum defi- 
cionibus rede dicecur, lihers facHltof 
^enendi de aliqu$ munits lege favent^^ 
I d»* irjtvsnte alios abjqf ulle vicijflm ^r^ 
mine dire&e quoad rem isndem tedente 
commedum ulterius, Prior pars poficiva 
|uo€ ex ioco indicaco. Pof^erier pars 
gaciva » cui fttbititai potbfi fsvente ^ 



r 



(69V ^tph XLVirL 

quaruBifpecicruixijarisi hoctdrpecieniM 
'd-omiDii imperfedi» feu doq pleui, a qui- 
bus diffcxtdominiu plcDum per cxclufio- 
jDcm eiurmodt graiyaminis refpt^la piea€ 
domiBii, 

iacer iftas inqtte (pecies pr«<ipaa eft u« 
fusfru6^as> qui eommuoicer defiaitar ^nr 
rtbpff mlnnis Mtewiit frutndi fslvM nntm 
fmhftsntia : hoc eft, libera facuLcas ut rupra 
cum gravnmioerem iDCcgramalreri fcrTaa« 
di Is, cut cooYeoir hoc ju^fcu libert ft« 
culcas dicicur frtt^aarius. 'Pfeprierariaf 
•v^ero & domiao», ivio cujus favorcoi talc 
gravameo impooicar. Aliadeiadeimme- 
diace fpecics eft ufus a^iv^ fumpcus, aui 
definitut : fm Htendi rt dliena fnhs iffitee 
fubftantia : hoc cih libera faeulcas, uc lupr4 
cum gravaminc rem iocegram alceri ler- 
vandi, cidemq; rclinqueadi frudus ejus- 
icm. Ncmpe fruduarius pcr hoc prccift 
diKcrc ab ufuario, quod ille frudus rci» 
uc cx grcrc lanam, lac, foctum j cx fuode 
focDum, (cgccc&, arborcs carduas , feu ooa 
fru^ifcras colligcrc poflit, & coipfofac*- 
re fuas pleno dominio. llfuarius vero a&» 
quaquam,idquefigaificat fruicioillicoa* 
ce(ta, huic ncgaca, 

Scrvitoscdraciecommuois ufu&u^aiv 
J^ ttfvti) jk Uii^% mQ\ae ^atcc. iiiautui: 



t>€ muhiplki ittfi: ^ V^y 

\^io-i tumadivc, tumpaflfiv^. Aftivcfnm* 
ptacll jt44 frHendivelnlit^tto modoHtendi i% 
-^liensy *vel sliqnid circs esm imfediendii 
•hoc cft : cit libera ftcultis aliqutliecr di- 
(fentndi, feu poficive» feu negaciT^ drcii 
TCfn alieaam. Pofitive quidemj uc diftum 
cftdeufulradu, & ufu, nifi quod ttterqu^ 
ferTicutis nemine tuin potiAiinfrffi ftgni' 
ficacur , cttm non eft plcnHS U perfcAus» 
ied^inadxqttacBs quoad aliquem tantuni 
frudum, auc aliquem ufum paffiyitm, 'Nc« 
^gativ^ Tcro, ut (i poifis alium impedire, ne 
^ltius attoUatmurum fuum ndye in co «» 
f eriatfcBcftram, Scrvitus paiOvacftobli^ 
gatio rei ycI perfonK^orrcfpoadcns jurc 
adtiTOczplicat», 

Haccomnia jura poJTuBC haboritnm &r 
iinf pofTcffione quac non fumitur in pras» 
ftnti paffiT^fcttcerminatiT^, fcda6biY^,ac 
potcftaciY^, & ailia dicicur fa6ti, aHa jw 
rit, PofTeflie fadi, dcfinicur a Jurifpcricit 
Wmif/i# r#», r^#r/V, <j» snimi, ^» jHris sd'^. 
mmcuU. Dcccntio eft apprtehenfie aliquft 
Ycl^ontinttata/Yclfaiccmpncicns io pritt* 
«ipie. '^lerporis adminicdlam fignificae! 
dcbcre rcm, ut poffideacttr, de h&o fubjicf 
maaibut ycl ficdibutj Yd ocuHs formalitct 
'vclarquiYalcnter iafcYcl ia tHqtto iffatt 
i^AMCBic. Admiaicalttaa taini t& ^^ 



.miQAei^foiutu etpefiiam ^vcft. j. veif • 
f 9S fiiieni lc aott uacttm aomiae alccciilip 
vOxLfiMiaacdepofitaciii»» <c bajalui^qai 

fil^opccBU aoafo£dienc..June adminico' 
am aof-colliCffaia poflcfio fiiAi pofic 
«cflbiaijf^WfMhs eQ^podefliolacconaa^ 
ici JfigaJ^fiqic. calcm -4cbecc ^e 4eccncio» ' 
mcm «siMice-ccif^c pcclbn«,ac l^etal^ 
^qgo Ipci^afH -EaToxe ip&m profieqaaacac 
fOB-aoa A^i^cet.fiulis aoa cft.deceacio 
xciiaccce&ftt^bLaico». Rcs^aoo ciarpo* 
xaUt 4icaacttc.i JacifpfBcicisi qaafi pofi-» 
4itti pje9m.u(ffiiixL conim UcecTencric a« 
" lifiyi4«j|ainicas.pEfUoacococpom 
• cninicale. 

.^olTelCo jarisdefinicar^Bsrcolo in l.r. 
Ap acauirenda Tel^micceodapoflcffionC'» 
im injtfitndi MUcmrfitMHfMmfuA ncnfr— 
Mlhiuffideri, T o /ii# di iti nguic han c pos» 
fcffioncAapurafadipoffeffioDC. lafifterc 
xei ucfuaCtf eft cam apud fe> & fibi tencrc pa- 
cific^> fi pofCci fin minus abigcndoabea 

Jlioffi&aiioslegam rcmediis , Sc fi neceflc 
c» .Ti cciam 6c armis, ■ Addicur non frohi^ 
jUfA fojjtderi, quiadecenciorci» ic iarfiftca- 
. cif noa faTcnce legc« fcd pociusxoocradi* 
jQ^ce» noA dicicar poflejl&o. InteUigicac 
tkWffk Cf au%di&Lo» ooa qaaliicamqacf 
- • , iai 



ftd qaaetalem perfoDam lefpc^ba talis tti\ 
rcddat incapacem po(Iidedi> & fpolicc om* 

• aibus privilcgiispoflidemiu", feu dctiDeo:- 
tiom lesutfuaSjUti fpoliatur laicus rcfpc* 

• {JtM ret facrx> decimaiu, & fifniiiam. Qup ■ 
pacet oon fupeiflaere poftremam particu- 
Jim fuperadditam*prim«. Quia potcft quis 
habcre rcipfa jus in£{lcndi> quin adhoc 
Conftcc de ejufmodi faYore,.fctt Aon rcfi» 
ftential^gis, ob privilcgium.. 

Emphyccufij & feudo, quas funt duac a^ 
liae fpccics juris imperfcdh communc eft>n 
quod (\tii concejfto rei immolnlu cum trans^ 
iMtione dominii utiHe, retento direHo, fuh «/1- 
fuo onerev Diffcrunc Tero>. quia hoc onu^> 
in emphyteufi, ell certa pcniiOj folYcnda-. 
propri«cauo ab cmpRy.teuta, lii fcudo vc)-- 
ro, fi iic ptiTumfeudam,idemonuscft fr-j 
liim ob&quittmpcrfonalc. 

Poflrema divifio eft juris itr rc, ic ad rcmL« 
Jfls in re, quod & realc dicitur, efl libcra 
facultas rcm aliquam fibi Yindicandi> ac. 
tcpctendia qualibct indifcriminatim pcf- 
foaa,illam qualiccrcunqac detincntc; ira 
uc obligatio rem tradcndi , feu rcddcndi 
Kabcnti JHS in illa, cranfcac , ad quamlr» 
bet pcrfonam hoc ipfo quod rcs ad cam 
tranficrit. Jus vcro ad rcm, quod 5c pcr-! 
fonalc dicitur, cft libcra faeulta$»rcttvQ.a- 



quam fibi vmdic^ndii ^ccifgca^i ^b ufi^ 
Tcl plunbus pccfoDis dctcrmmat^, (it c il* 
bm apud lc habcAm i ^vvc tioo hftbeaol» 
fcd ad ^Hum tfanlierir., Quare obligi- 
tic» ccitrcrpQQdcns ]Uri i^ tc «dk:ErcriJJi 
IfCTfQtiJCj cui rcs ipCA adhxfcrict idcofjac 
jcA\% dici^m p c^uia quafi iratilit cx rc aJ j 
pcrConafni & immcdi^ic i:cm«mcdidcc P^C^fl 
foDam afficic ratione ipfius rcip Ecoa^ " 
ZX2 oblagaria corrcfpopdcbs jini ^d rcv 
adh^ret pcrfoGXy fi^rc rcs ]p(i adliJFicati 
£vc nonitdbxreati idcoquc pcrfortaJis di- 
citur^qui:! irr.niobilitet pcflotiJt idbj^fcrt 
& qu^li tianfu cx pciirona ad rcm , at<|ti« 
imn^cdiaTcpctro&imjmcdiare rciit aRittC» 
^Xiiione pcrfon*, 

Eicmplum vulgarc, & pr^ cxt«Tis dif 

fiijTi cft iii cmptorc, fic ircDdkoTC. Qnl 

cir. ic cquum^ poil Bnmcrarara pccuuiajB^ 

,4fc antci|uaro eqiiusttriditus fic (ibr, doh 

jforefl iUum cxigcre nift i.vcodicore» ra* 

inetii equus jim ab alio dctiDcacury (iv< 

f er furrum, five pcr Dovam ycodiciaoemi 

9UC dQoacionem fa^am tb eodem yeadi- 

, tore. Ac poftquam cquus, jam tradicu*. 

|uicempr«ri,poceftisillun;iLCxigeceaqqa- 

cunq^ue tpfum dcrioeoce, nec poccA aitt« 

.|Jiuii agcre advcrfus veodicorcm^aifi qua« 

.m^Vk^v '^^^^ *^<* ^ efw il?4icric. .Quasc 

....... ^^ " ^^ 



jMife trtditioDcm jus eoiptoiis Jfdtur nd 
icm ; poft cradicioDem >iji r€>.a«c|ire iWud- 
pximum rcrpicicpci(boanh,Ccoper£(nafi o« 
iDDino detcriiiiaat^».ccrr^magis «ktarfnt- 
«are q^uam poflcrius. Pofterias tniw^ imit 
iilteel^omjiiDoiQciccerminaeiim ex.fe in« 
trinicc^ quoad pcrfooas»^ refpiicit ir^uA«; 
licer cotum ^cnus buraanum. 

Ez his manifcfium jam cfl pluribiss pef« 
fonis circa eandem rcm fimultaflce iDcfTe 
poflc juia imperfeda proprictatrs divcrfi 
genetis.. Rcs eitim refpe^Va cuius alicki: 

^oRvcDic jus caocum ad iciDtncccflaMo fl- 
mulfubcftjuri ia.rc altcriuspcrfonx, Si- 
militer componuncur intcr fe it>divcr(is, 
pcrfooisrcfpcdu cjufdcmrei, jus fivc em- 

- p^fytcaticum, Civx feudale, cum dqn^itnio 
reiapudalium cziflcntcj idcmque. di<icnr 
proportionalitcrdecstcris fpccicbusjuiis. 
Undcpatctadracioacm dubitand'. Der~a- 
tione vidclicet jurisfolum eft ut babcac Jc- 
l^emfibi Favccvcemc|uoad id,qiioadquod> 
co«veoit libera facuhas. Poifuftc autcm 
plura inede-cidem rei, c^uoaJ quorum pr«- 
indealiquid Ux faYeacufii,& quoadaiiad 
ajii,cum mucuo eorum gravamincquoaci 
id,(xrcund»imquod,adunumqucmqucco- 
rum rcs non pTriner. llode paret ad ratio- 
jacm dubicaudi, DiPnculcas igicur folum 



oi fii*/B« XtI3t. / 

Mceft eSe JemoUtfliciutc jumia ciei^ 

4eai mio»ts»eoqBe pleiio«;ae perfieftofe 

«onAim£«iOB&fiwm«tffca. eandem. cenuft 

-feeiMifhim iiem^ Qgtm diScnlarem l' 

^yftacisMHiiBonmilli magolscoancibwit 

mnm&i partem pcma^acnncrctc^doni» 

ninm plenn]m».rco inlolijQm» com ea i|aa» 

lifcan^ ne diAcnlmJi fic omnino oomaa» 

•■nitrnc.^cr fe (acifpater».qntbofrit aliis ja* 

:]BsfpecUlHisfob eafleni confideracionepb» 

[aiy A ^etCe^ iatca. idcm.genna. Vcn« 

-'tsignciameprnm andorunit tgendiimcni 

•%ccialicccdadomi«iop)cno« 

J^MSriO XLIX, 

ytrumdominiumpUnum $fuftlem rei fT§i§t 
dcm infianti fojjlt ijfg Mds^uati 

Mfud dU9S. } 

VI D 1 T V A pofTc eflfe» I. Quta in ia« 
Aaoci reali donationis auc vendicio* 
nis» T. g. conTcnic fimplicicer cjus do« 
miniumcaoidooanti,rcu ▼eodeoci: qnam 
dooacatiot feu cmptori» Donarario qui« 
Atm^ quia donacio cft nfus dominii io fo- 
lidumj ucpote cransferens illud in dooaca- 
liomi tc qaia alias.doBarccrcmiTclnon- 
dnmfoami Ycl jam nonfuam* Donacacio 

Tcrij 



TcrOiqatadatur id ipfo acceptatio dotni* 
nii in Lolidumfibioblaci>atqueacceptat]o 
eft ulcimum complemeDcam donatioDis. 
Impofllbtle ▼cr5 eH:, ut dooatio ooa for- 
tiacurruttmeffe£bum iDeod^miDfUnti^iii 
q.uo ponicur ulcimum eius' compleme»- 
tam. Eadcm cft racio de cmenre & Tea- 
dente« DaturigicuriD ucroque procodem 
inftancidomiBium ia folidu eju(demrei« 
6oD(irmacur>quianemodatquodobnha- 
'bcts 5c quiTis habeti quodacqairit^cam 
dar, & cum acquirit, 

1. Dominiuminrolidiim cujufyis crea^»' 
furac circa quamlibet rem efl compoffibile» 
ifiio&e/rcncialiccrcoDnexnm cum dorni- 
iiio dlTioo in< roIidjim.cixra'.eaDdem rem« 
£rgo eciam eft: compeifibile cum domi- 
»io in fojiduoi alcerius xreasurapxirca eaa- 
dem. Patec CQ^requcntia, quia domioiuia 
Dci eft multo magis plenum, & infoli- 
dam, qoan» dominium alcerius crcacutx^ 
idco<|ae hoc dominiam a foitiori cfl com« 
pollibile cum aiio doxxunia cicaco circa 
taodem rem. 

_K. DiccodamcA'dominiam' io rolidatu 
n^n poile eflx: (imultancc apud duos circa, 
eandrm rcm loqucndo dc dominio pcife* 
£ki> 5s ultin^.o c©mpIcro in rationc talis,. 
Hac cit injdubwatus Junfpciitor.uTi om- 



l^aJk cortfeiiUs, & camtrtuni!) Cxtppcfm 
llrfh^olopfiirum ti lc|fc «/Jj <rfw §^fiiik4' I 
j^«;«i jf; femm^dsii, Ratio cft cUra ci d<- | 
»finu[<itic dcmau iD fohdnm dat^, fc «i" 
Iflicaca^ lu quz^. pczccticn^i fub ininun. 
• Ciuia dc raiiooc liominiiplcni eft ju^ diJ- 
^oQCtidt p«rfect^j nifi ligc pToKtbcjiruti 
hoc cft jus impcdibilc fola lcgc honcib- 
cis,& jsoci iecmfimili aluiiusjute ; utquc 
*fit iibcta petcf^as abfquc ^raTAmvEie djrc- 
. €t^»iiifaTorcmakeiiusfibi impefito. Pa^ 
tcc aat^m Domitium rci bnibeotis aliaiii 
fimul dominamj domitiici utrobiciuc ha* | 
stflBo cde itnptdibilcni > aua miniii dj«« 
^Diiatt tit voluctit noa folum lcgcW 
ncf^ati» fecuDJuA fr,frd ctiam jurc ilte<' 
tiuS} & lege quattuus favcnte dirc£te itli' 
sUcti ; cmidemqiic cotidomitiiincCcgra'' 
^atiim j^TATamtBc fibi impo^to dticdc 
ID favorcm aUetiui*. Quare ft duo ho* 
mimt^ Hmvti cdcAC plcttc ^miai cjufciefli 
«eiftoeodem ioftiiDtiy ftterMe ia ^r- 
po^eioae rei eflet» & non e«c i,mpedi« 
oilis fola4ege boaeftatis ; habetet it noft' 
itabexet#raTamen aliqnod fibi impofitam 
ccdenfri&ede in fiaTorcm akeriiMr Qop^ 
^s^tijtnat jna»ifef>e. 

iid t, Pro inftanti doflarioois accept^ 




J)e duplici dominiot €it^ 

donactonisdaturquidc tifnuhaoei domi- 
Dium in folidum ejuldcm rci in doDantc, 
& acccpcantc, nccnon ia omnibusquibus 
donari 6c a quibus accepcari abfoluccpo- 
teft, fcd coniiciooacccancum,& excrin(e^ 
cc: abfolutc vcr6 6c inttinfcc^folum da- 
cur in donacario s^.cccptance donacioneni 
iibiFadtam. Omne nimirum jus proprie- 
tacis quacenus excrjofecc denominans 
conrtitnicur, pcr Icgem faYcntem uni, ic 
gravancemaHos inravorjem ipflus^iaciia'* 
itcc vcr6 per cegnicionem & voIicionenA» 
quibus cogftofcitur vere, & acccpcat.ur ta- 
lisfavorutdid^umeftquacft. 6. Cum i^« 
tuc refpe<^'ir cujufvis, habeDtis intrinfcc^, 
lc abfotuu dominium infolidum alicujus 
«ei pro aliquo tempore^ dctur ejufmodi lex 
ipfi favcns protocotemporefequenti abs» 
f^ueulloccrmino j favea.c vcro non omni* 
jio abfolur^, fcd condicion^ite ipfiquidefn 
dominp quonfq; volecfibi rccinete domi- 
sinm,. carccris auccm q\}ibufvis cx quo 
idcm dominus volucric iQominium in eos, 
transfcrre, uii di£lum eftquasft.^j» 

Ciim inquam hacc ita fe habcaQ«^^>patee 
•domiDium in^olidum proeodcm inrtanci 
dari exirinfecc, & conditionatc in donan- 
te, & donatario, Dec.nonin omnibnSj 5c 
quibulVis^ aiiis capicibus, q^iubvis cJ.de.oc^- 



"A^bi^^ rctn^fiflutm dited« ftf.TCttiicr^ 
j^iuoatm.ioDtvibBh^rol^ dAniri^ ^ 

atcario eam zpqtfftnt^^. com 19 4q\ 
jitimc i coDvcrlo aolicio habeadli ma tf! 
*uiam» paccc fimiltrctv doDacario « . ft liM 
^jopanji coo7«nire incria&cd, 4c abU«lr 

4oniiotc&m ci».aro.iJiftaa(i.4oa«cioaiJblt . 
'^inot^pmnibaa fiaaeiBci^^ j^oafouf .iffe 

^tlic : is aDteni atdtdr doouaaa fimplMip 
' tfii cQi dofniniitm coaaaiic iacriolcM tL 

Hbroloci i%% T«r& cai nonoifi cxai#loc4 it 
'^'n4ici5>aac| conjeaic dicicvr doaaiaaafiK 

S" ''vn^mjqaidrdami agicprde donaiaao a^ 
blci jt/Atenci.a«acGepc«reK fc . rejici^ da^^ 
.'minia rerum pro libito.. 
' Quapropter dooatio eft ufuadomioii. 
^contcflientiSs donacoii cxtrfaicc^ dc con* 
' ditionat^ petLdbcoomiBatioDcm provcnte»** 
.Ciem i domioio incrinfeco& ablolato ia- 
' ftantis immcjidi^tc antecedcntis > & i lcje- 
. copdicionate fiycnte pro eodeir dooatio- 
. nis infbintia Non Tcro eil ufus dominil 
'£mpliciter talis^^feu conYcnieacis inain* 
.fec^f &: abfolttt^ pro ipfo donatioais in^ 
ftantiqaod liq.uet facis exdidis. Eccxeo» 
' iirarterea quia dooatio eft traoslatio domi* 
Jiii ex donanre in doQatarium,5c ntbil ibl 
jtei[cteuv)auDk4«^caiufeaar^ia fcAiu com« 



Btf dkplfci dsmtni^, . '^|? 

pofico transiatioDis^ Qiiapropter d^natocr 
donac retn jam non fuam iDCjcinfece & ab- 
foltst^» To i^m (ignificacioDe ioftaas rea» 
Jc. .Nempe proprioci nacuxa:. a:d a^iim-. 
iioBacioBis res donaca. praekindic a fiia ftc: 
BOD (ua ipfius donantis inccinfcce ic ab- 
foluc^rcftqueruaip{iusezccinrece& coa* 
ilicionace fub hac condicione^.iIip(e velvr*. 
Ixicmquc dicituc fiio-modo de Yendeace*. 
lefpcdttt empcoxis, de<|pe ^alibet alia U« 
bera abdicatione dominii.praehabiti. Pa* 
tet igicurcotum argumetttum illud^habe- 
re apparenriaiB propicer indiftia6l:ionem>, 
j8l confufionem dominiiabfoluti 5c ulci? 
fno compleet refpeAu ejns,,quod eCV raa* 
•«um ezrrinfeeam ». Ac condicioaatumi at*- 
i|ue fecundum quidi, 

Ad Con&rmacion^m. Sfcntxn aliaiio 
Ibnffi eft venim,i>emodat, quod non ha« 
Jbet :, ita eft YenfRmum (implxcicer ncmo> 
habet, quod dit, in.fcnfa oompofito da? 
^ionis. AJias4:oAAponerecardacxocaiB re- 
tencione fimplictcen. Simili modo eft ia< 
aliquo fenfu verum :JDemo fpoltacur boois^ 

2uae non habetj Hl. camen elLveridimuflS 
m plicicer : nemo habec beaa, q utbasfpe« ^ 
liacur, in fenfu compofito fpoliationis. 
SpoUatur aurem bonis^, qui illa dooac a* 
liisj Acc quidquam icfac £Cq modo v«« 




T»; K ocmo vi^ir, curr 
^dtcur, in fcnfa compo 
•ccifionis; nihil inquan 
Acie (tbi infli^o pcc fe, : 
•ftismaQUocciimbac; Di; 
•ft: iHa pFopoficio juxts 
ftcmo dac qnodQoo hih 
A condicionac^, Tcl in 
liic^) CoQccdttttrpropo 
ii^abcc intriQfec^a ic ab 
^tur, Bcgaccir propofici< 
^clara ex di^is lc cft &< 
da ab omaibas in czcm 
ficis. VidcaciKHpkicccc 
^QS objc6^iODis longa> jt 
p^cscontroTcrfia fcfio j 
I^go, difp. 8c (c6k, ^ 



Di dkpiici dcminh. ft^: 

inriccm impediuat. fcdpocius juyaDt>oc 
liqucc cx tllis duobus locis, fioc mucao^' 
compo{Ebilia,imo>fic cdcnrialitcrinfcpa- 
rabilia pt«pter rubordinationcm alccrias. 
a4 altcram : &. Dihilominus (tnc iotcr fc: 
iDCompof&bilia^qux funr cjufdcm ratio- 
ms>ideo<)uc£bi iitTiccm noccntia, & im-- 
fcdicRtia mutuo plcnitu^^tocin ahcrias. 
iH>D fola lcge boDcflatis fecondQm fcquai 
-Ibla impcdire juridicc potcfl Deos, aftis ft* 
rum Dodraiam , fcd ctiam jare tttilitatis>, 
:^aodcftcCeotiaIe domiDio liumano. In« 
zzr quas impcditiooes, feu obligaiioncs^ 
impedicivas urusquantam Arqualc difcri- 
ki«D iaccEcedacTidcripoctAia cadtmiiJaa 
^a«ft. 3. p«ft mediamw . 

QJjES T I O li.. 

l^rumiifiid' Utitm iF^um tmic0 ufu cwifum* 
■ fHHUum fif fepMrMkilit^ ^ cm»i diminiti , 
^ j urg frapfitiMiik- . 

VI D- 1 T T^ nofl effe reparabfliS) u 
Qoia Jbaniies it. io Bxi^ravag, Ad:^ 
Conditsrenky doccc ufuxn licitum ta- 
jium rcrumcllc indidindlum avctodomi* 
flio, & vcro jurc proprictatis circa cafdcm^» 
a^Yxcas Djoauaus Kccumcoarumpribi^- 



liani «aico ofa nillu habetetf i fdi JJM 
Mi pf»tcr<|iiui poficilUthcRcqitocicsl 
.ka«nc*jReacoo(iuii€tc|ca4ilhiihcic.' £ij 
^^ican^^e hoc.ipAiaWl^cicpoccft licii 
.ltabfi|ttccn>afi|oam ioittiaM i^luit 
.iPCTttni domiaiom- tccmm^ i )ttt proprid 
4if». ^tcc coofeqoeocia'» i^au topogfl 
^.ooio ooo-effe.octciom«oiHb»«licu)|is p 
^M^ Uccc foocmlibcc ^ot dfat4 Uocc vi 
4Miuiorc»Tirot4ooMoaL • 

fc Pto «laitoii deccrmtoatiboiK qocfti 

^i odkibcoda «ft idiAiaAio^. VfotaAti 

viJtpoccfttciTdrfampcaipio )o»»Gia libi 

4EAColcifC-it|cadi iiiifopcdibiltab^oUofrj 



jctyamottlcgyaJlmtirihMniibcao^m i 
ttu boo ligibiu p£C. ToLaotactin alccti 

garcifc quateoas confulcocis commoc 
is>procjil dubio cftiinfepirabilis ac i\ 
4iftiDAttSa domiaio lcproprietate» )ic p 
4et ca^cjus czporficiane dacaio^aaBft: 4 
Ax Ycro ufusdcfticucos^rtttei 8c lipcra faci 
tacc cum lcgc dire^c tavcnte ipfit (k gr 
Tance io firerem eius>quoffisa]iosuri] 
tacis capaccs» ideo^uc pendcns femptr, 
fic ltcicus-4^voIuficate alceciuspocentisf 
libico cerocare licenciao^ac petmiffione 
4lccndi qpocies^^pioafque Yolttcrici bi 
Ofturafumpcuspurdpaffir^ac cermiaati 
■jlomptaauooi^^wiCtti fabcft| fcoiiuspc 



J>t ufu ftm tir$prsetl 
pro ntida phydca poteuacelicice ufeodi 
iepaiabilis^arqueomniBo diftinfVus a( 
quaceaboav4iirpecie(iomiDii& propric 
tis. Quiavidelicecj^rui (ic fumpco ou 
tenus convenit definicio<ulIaalicujfi$i 
dbminii-,. juit juris propriecatis > «c p: 
clareexdidlis ineademilU ^useft-.imo 
demrepagDacclarcdefinicio j)iris prop. 
tacisin gcncretradftiLia quxd. )• Nei 
nim calis ufus» auc poteftas taliccr utc 
edliberafaculcasmunixa legefaYencci 
& gia^ntealios-; fokim fiq^idcm exi 
snunicagr-atiofa^alcerias voluncace fem 
revocabili) adeoq^ie eflgravaca pcr leg 
in favorem ica potencis revocare pern 
fionem, 8c impedirc ufum propcer (ol 
commodum impcdientis. yidcaiitUL<| 
4i£ta funt in illa quasO^ 

Conftac Kcc idem e> extraTagantili 
Nicalai III. & ClementisV. aliorum< 
Poncificumdecretisftaciientium,utTi<] 
efl io PtiYil* Ntinotuai O; Franctfci tc 
^/iir^«rf4i^eofdemMinotes neqiieomno 
communi» nequc fingulos in parjticu 
habere uUum dominiiim,.aut ptppric 
tcip circa ullum gcnus bonorum«feu n 
bilium, feu immobilium, tamecfi ] 
tiantur ufu licito fa^li tam quo ad C( 
fvitnptioncm , quam quo addifbiadlioD 



^^w 




I 



pcf ecTjpiioneinjVcndiiioncm, altot^t cfls» 
i[3iifbus. Quia vJdelicctK^ccDmDupDHtjne 
^c^coctfDter k Itccticia Sc coQfeafti fummi 
PoQciScis poicQtif^ abf^uc ulti iDJuIlklii 
Advcrfnsaliqaod cofum jus ca^cm oittoia^' 
illis laegarCi i^uandocunquc volcr, 

Ncc obflit Joaiincm it. In citiu cx- 
tTi^3i^^nu Ad.c&ndiierem abdtcallc a fr, If 
i fcdG AportoUca dominium ceium bo-^ 
«lOtum.. Quii idcm dominium rcafTvjm'- 
prum irerum fait ih nliis PofniftcvbHi 
moda iadiciris, ur coullar evprcfTc ex 
to^Q itidicico, Ncc initiim man^t tilc 
^omitiium ipud Minotcs , \\d jpud 5* 
rilclcs rubftoiniflraiirc£ cllcemofynaSf ^e^ 
^uonin* confcnfu impliciro vel C3tp)i- 
<iro fcmpcr reTocibili proccdcbaiit zi 
ufiim Iibi pcrmiirum a domioo» (tmtL 
feriircQtc» couftaater omni vctx pro- 
prictan > TCio^Uf dominio, Quod pro" 
tcdo iacfiV ookari duUo pacfto potcfl',, 
*tim clfencuUrcr £c intriofccc confti- 
tuatur quoad Cnmn cosicepTunn ultim^ 
tomplctrtm pcr at^um Tolcndi babere tcn 
Ean^uam ptopriam , ur dicium ctk qnx* 
Aioftc 6. Itaq^c ufu^ Ucirus f^ure pac* 
£vus mo^o cipUcaro efi proculdubj» fe- 
fatabiUs a dfiminioj 5c ab omjii fpecic 

# A4l. 



i Adi.Dodlrinailla Joanorsii*o<mfuic 

c dcfiuicivaucPontificis>fed naerd afTerciTa». 
I ucdodorispriyaci. Qujaconcrovernaerat 
w . de pundo juris^ Sc non de re dogmatica. 
B Probabiledeindcen:, quod dicunt Lcil(u& 
^ alii eam quxflj^oemincer JoaDnein <C 
s; «iefcnfores caufx Minorum , tutffc folusft. 
^= ^c vocc.Q^dcftfacile, dum a^icurder«« 
sf ■blishabcncibus magoam incerte afiinica- 
■ 4einquoad eztcriorem ac fcndbilempeife 
n operaodi modum, acque difFcrcntiaxcvO'- 
i caturad concepcusquidditacivoSiquorum., 
f ^ jeftfaciiissequivocaciocum ptopncc*cefe«- 
> parabiliquidemabfoluteifed qux raro fc- 
k parecur,ctijufmodi e(l pocellas utendi li* 
^ft. cit^ aliqua re comparacioac dixpcunii ac: 
\ propriecacis circa eandem.. ' 

Ad X» Difcrimen quoad ezceriorem ope- 
itndi mod^m pro. uc ex^rccturde fa^o «< 
Tcro domioo, & ooo do-mino ufus dbi lici« 
ti,& rciqua uciturviz>pparetuliam,fieti 
tamen poted Ycluntatedomini,ucfitma- 
nlfeftiffimtim. Quit poteft, tum rcvocarc 
confcnfum neceflarium proufu liciconoa 
idomioi cum eun.dem urfum permirtercnoa 
nifi fub hac conditione, ucipfevelaliquis. 
cjus niiniftcr aJcacur tocics quocics imme- 
diarcantc ufurn vcl falrcm cotics in anuo 
ad leaovaadum coulcafum p^rmifrivum 



»1^ * ^ fiwjKi» B- 

tlii Apt' fitniTibas €eadittotti1>'tts gnntl? 

fRQltiplicicer potcft^ Xd^ae iplam Guect 

•eaiM^Qam potefli* qai ^ oTdatiiis p«i|. 

f«(hT«,fed0ectcfiftetelicit^poTeftprs^ 

*» verrdoinim Tohusati njc- aafereiit: 

«fihn» aat griTftiiti nt, Toltc: Deta<!e ii^ 

.oanqae flBt^aafit aSnitas qaoad praxio- 

. '<#iEteribreiki laterdominam Itnon doai^ 

Bnm' afas* otriqa^ liciti ; mazima nihilo^ 

'SDinas diS^tQtia eft qooad affe^om.« 9L 

iotcriofem animi difpofittoaem. Lob{| 

^mqae diTerfo modo incobat aminm» 

ilpmioantis» tam rebas qaam afibas Teil 

inls» ac iatmpedibilibvs^ab alio opcrancs 

^mtia fut» atqne io nttlitatem ipfins» qaaa 

Mfdemadbarreac aDimos irondotnioi fcra- 

perqaantam cft de fe ^ifpoiicus, uc priT«* 

Tar rebus omDibas» omniqae cecum om« 

iuamafu) qnocics alii libueric pcarctfc» 

qnia libeSAUi.qaacuDqae dtmumde 

caufii libcac. 

E I: N l S.