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Full text of "Quarterly journal of conchology"



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THE 



QUARTERLY JOURNAL 



OF 



CONCHOLOGY. 



VOL L 



1874-78. 



DAVID BOGUE, 3, St. Martin's I.ane, Trafalgar Square, W.C. 
LEEDS: TAYLOR BROS., St. Ann Street. 



INDEX TO VOL. I. 



ORIGINAL ARTICLES. 

PAGE. 

Abnormal form of Cylindrella Raveni— J. S. Gibbons, M.B. ... 340 

Alliance of the genera Ennea and Streptaxis— J. S. Gibbons, M.B. ... 336 

Annotated catalogue of Polynesian Cones — A.Garrett ... ... 353 

Analogous African and West Indian Marginellse — F. P. Marrat ... 179 

Ancylus fluviatilis van gibbosa near Leeds — W. Nelson .. ... 186 

'. >> ,, in Yorkshire — H. Crowther ... ... 215 

Argiope cistellula at Weymouth —R. Uamon ... ... ... 217 

Bulimus obscurus var. alba, at Bristol— (Miss) F. M. Hele ... ... 248 

Bullia rhodostoma — J, S. Gibbons, M.B. ... ... ... 368 

Burrowing and perforating molluscs— W. D. Sutton ... ... 49 

Catalogue of the land and freshwater mollusca of Northum]:)erlan(l 

and Durham — W. D. Sutton ... ... ... 22 

Clausilia biplicata var. Nelsoni — J. W. Taylor ... ... 216 

albida— J. W. Taylor ... ... ... 216 

>) ., (Mrs.) J. Fitzgerald ... ... 248 

Ctausilia rugosa var. albida and Pupa umbilicata var. alba at Pateley 

V Bridge — Lister Peace ... ... .. 36 

Clausilia ragosa, var. Schlechtii, a variety new to Britain— W. D. Sutton 35 

Cochlicopa tridens var. crystallina near Leeds — J. W, Taylor 29 

»> >, ,, at Petersfield— C. Ashford ... 29 

,, lubrica var. ovata at Wakefield — J. Hebden ... ... 97 

.. ,. hyalina, at Llandudno— W. D. Roebuck ... 248 

Colonising land shells— J. S. Gibbons, M.B. ... ... ... 367 

Conchological difficulties ; or Species versus Varieties— Ed. Simpson 93 

Description of a new species of Conus—E. A. Smith, F.Z.S. ... 107 



202 



M some new species of land and freshwater shells, and 

remarks on other species found in Japan— E. A. Smith, F.Z.S. 118 

Description of five new species of Marginella— F. P. Marrat ... 136 

,, new species of E. African land shells— J. W. Taylor 251, 280 

,, a new species of Planorbis — W.Nelson ... ... 379 

,, two new Gastropods — W. Doherty ... ... 341 

,, a new species of Pupa— C. R. Judge ... ... 343 

,, new specie.s— F. P. Marrat ... ... ... 204 



_ . . . PAGE. 

Description of a new form of Gladius — F. P. Marrat ... ... 244 

,, new species of Achatina — E.A.Smith ... ... 346 

Distribution of Crepidula aculeata— J. S. Gibbons, M.B. ... ... 416 

Genus Eatonia ... ... ... ... ... . g^ 

Geographical distribution of the marine gastropoda on the South and 

East coasts' of Africa — J. S. Gibbons, M.B. ... ... 233 

Habits and habitat of Helix revelata — R. Rimmer ... ... 206 

Helix aspersa monst. sinistrorsa, at Bristol— (Miss) F. M. Hele ... 248 

cantiana — J. S. Gibbons, M.B. ... .. ... ... 360 

Dehnei — J. \V. Taylor ... ... ... ... 217 

hispida var. albida — J. W. Taylor ... ... ... ... 216 

hortensis monst. sinistrorsa, at Bristol — (Miss) F. M. Hele ... 248 

lamellata — R. Rimmer ... ... ... ... 26,'; 

laniellata at Huddersfield — J. VVhitwham ... ... ... 29 

obvoluta — Theo Godlee .. ... ... ... 67 

Pisana — R. Rimmer ... ... ... ... ... 266 

Pisana — G. S. Tye ... ... ... ... 230 33-1 

rotundata var. alba at Conisbro' Castle— Geo. Taylor ... 21 

virgata monst. sinistrorsa in Yorkshire — L. Peace ... ... 174 

Land shells of Capri — (Mrs. ) J. Fitzgerald ... ... ... 249 

,, the Isles of Scilly—W. H. Hatcher ... ... 138 

Leeds Conchological Club ..'. ... ... ... ... igc 

Limax gagates at Hastings — J. \V. Taylor... ... ... ... 245 

Limnrea peregra var. albida near Askern, Yorks. — Lister Peace ... 174 

List of shells taken at Tenby, Pembrokeshire, at the end of September 

1872,— (J. S. Tye ... ... ... ... ,.. 30 

List of land and freshwater shells of Banbury, Oxon — D. Pidgeon ... 54 

,, the mollusca of the Birmingham District — G. S. Tye 57 — 68 

,, marine shells of Hastings — A. W. Langdon ... .. 89 

,, land and freshwater shells collected in the neighbourhood of 

Wakefield — J. Hebden ... ... ... ... 3 

,, the shells taken at Guernsey, Sark, and Herm — A. H. Cooke 

and H. M. Gwatkin, M.A. ... ... ... ... 321 

,, land and freshwater shells found in the neighbourhood of 

Ackworth, Yorkshire — C. Ashford ... ... ... jg 

,, land and fre-shwater shells collected at Erith, Kent — Harry 

Leslie ... ... .. ... ... ... 33 

,, the land and freshwater shells of Trinidad, showing the 

distribution — R. J. Lechmere Guppy, F.L.S., F.G.S., C.M.Z.S. 109 



PAGE. 

List of shells from Heidelberg — J. E.Daniel ... ... ... m 

,, land shells collected on Fitzroy Island, with notes on their 

geographical range — John Brazier, C. M. Z, S., &c. ... ... 268 

,, West African shells— F. P. Marratt ... ... ... 381 

,, shells of Iowa— (Prof.) F. M. Witter ... ... ... 382 

,, West African marine shells — F. P. Marratt ... ... 237 

Local shells near Wakefield — George Taylor ... ... ... 92 

Mollusca of Cooper's Hill — Edward Simpson ... ... ... 65 

Mollusca of Santa Fosa Island, California, U.S. — L. G. Yates ... 182 

Molluscan threads — G. S. Tye ... ... . ... 401 

Note on the habitat of Neritina tristis — C. P. Gloyne ... ... 37 

,, Helix pulchella — H. Hemphill ... ... ... 128 

,, Limnasa stagnalis — W. Nelson ... ... .. 216 

,, Bulimus Goodallii — J. E. Daniels ... ... ... 246 

„ Clausilia bipiicata var. albida — J. E. Daniels ... ... 247 

,, Cylindrella Raveni — J. T. Marshall ... ... ... 380 

,, the shells of Guernsey —J. T. Marshall ... ... ... 380 

,, Geographical distribution of terrestrial mollusca — W. F. Petterd 394 

Notes on the genus Cylindrella — C. P. Gloyne ... ... ... 51 

,, genus Bourciera — T. Bland ... ... ... 128 

,, genus Partula — C. P. Gloyne ... ... ... 337 

Notes on the occurrence of rare and local shells in unrecorded localities 

— W. G. Blatch ... ... ... ... ... 129 

Notes on the identity of various European Helicida; — C. P. Gloyne ... 133 

Occurrence of Zonites glaber at Folkestone — (Mrs.) J. Fitzgerald ... 29 

,, Limnasa glulinosa, near Sandwich — (Mrs.) J, Fitzgerald 51 

,, Gadinia reticulata in South Eastern Polynesia — A. Garrett 335 

,, Crepidula aculeata in the Marquesas Islands — A. Garrett 335 

On Varieties of Paludina vivipara and Planorbis glaber — R. M. Lloyd 6 

On the occurrence of Cochlicopa tridens var. crystallina, in the 

neighbourhood of Birmingham — G. S. Tye .. ... ... 7 

On the difficulties of recognising "named varieties " according to the 

accepted authorities — T. Rogers ... .. ... 17 

On South Australian marine shells — G. F. Angas, F.L.S., C.M.Z.S. 178 

On the habits of Helix fusca — C Ashford ... ... ... 180 

On certain species of Littorina — J. S. Gibbons, M.B. ... ... 339 

Pholas crispata, L., boring in metamorphic rocks — J. S. Gibbons, M. B, 369 

Remarks on the South Australian Helices, with a notice of all species 

known to present date — G. F. Angas, F.L.S., C.M.Z.S. ... 134 



Plate IV. 



Vol. I. 





2. ClONELLA MORSEANA Doh.ptv. 1. SOMATOGYRUS TROTHIS Dohhpt 
>3. PLANORBIS GiBBONSI Nelson. 



Remarks on the geographical distribution of the terrestrial mollusca 

— C. P. Gloyne 

Remarks on a dentate variety of Conulus fulvus, Drap — W. Doherty . 
Reversed form of Helix hortensis at Bristol — (Miss) F, M. Hele 
Review of the genus Tulotoma, with remarks on the geographical dis 

tribution oi' the North American Viviparidce — (Prof.) A. G 

Wetherby 
Shells of Ceylon — A. W. Langdon 
Simultaneous occurrence of five sinistral examples of Helix aspersa — 

J. E. Daniel 
Species versus Varieties — J. T. Marshall ... 

,, — G. S. Tye 

,, ,, ,, — C. P. Gloyne 

Succinea oblonga, Drap. near Cork — C. P. Gloyne 
Synonymy of Planorbis glaber — W.Nelson 

Suggestions for finding the smaller land shells — H. Laver, F.L. S. 
Shell collecting in Curacao — J. S. Gibbons, M.B. .. 
Ten days' dredging at Oban — (Rev.) A. M. Norman, M.A. 
Variety caused by locality — J. B. Bridgman 
White variety of Limnaea palustris near Leeds — J. W. Taylor 

,, ,, ,, at Southport — E. Collier 

Zonites glaber Studer, near Leeds — H. Crowther 
,, ,, — W. Nelson 

,, excavatus var. vitrina Fer, near Iluddersfield — J. Whitwham 
,, glaber near Huddersfield — L. Peace 

REPRINTS. 

A partial comparison of the Conchology of the Atlantic and Pacific 

coasts of North America — R. E. C Stearns 
Critical examination of certain species of the American continent and 

the West Indies, described as belonging to Helicina in Lovell 

Reeve's Conchologia Iconica — T. Bland 
Description of new species of shells — G. B. Sowerby, junr. 
Introduction of Planorbis dilatatus into the British Isles — T. Rogers 
Salpa spinosa of the West coast of Ireland — A. G. More 
The Pectens, or Scallop-Shells — R. E. C. Stearns 
The Mollusca of Europe compared with those of Eastern North America 

— J. G. Jeffreys, F.R.S. 



283 

344 

92 



207 
71 

50 
131 
171 

175 

97 

iSi 

264 
370 
275 
70 
29 
139 

215 
21 

29 
36 



31 



105 
78 
81 

43 
43 



VI. 



NEW SPECIES 
DESCRIBED IN THIS VOLUME. 

Actinobolus Africanus — Marrat 
Achatina albopicta — Smith 

,, bisculpta ,, 

,, dimidiata ,, 

,, simplex ,, 

,, Transvaalensis — Smith 

„ zebroides ,, 

Huliminus cinereus- -Taylor 

,, costatus ,, 

., Gibbonsi ,, 

,, obesus ,, 

,, olivaceus ,, 

,, tumidus „ 

Cionella Morseana, Doherty 
Clausilia bilabrata — Smith 
,, kobensis — Smith 
Columbella cuspidata — Marrat ... 
Conus cuneiformis — Smith 

,, Traversianus — Smith 
Crassatella Africana— Marrat 
Drillia rosolina — Marrat ... ... ... .;. 

,, filosa — Marrat 
Gonaxis Gibbonsi— Taylor 
Gladius Martinii — Marrat 
Helix Goodwinii —Smith 
Limnjea Goodwinii — Smith 
Melania Niponica — Smith 
Marginella callosa — Marrat 

,, (Glabella) Davisiana, Marrat 

,, (Gibberula) nana, Marrat 

,, (Gibberula) lucida, Marrat 

,. perla, Marrat 

,, prrecallosa (Higgins) Marrat ... 

., Tyermani, Marrat 

,, Warrenii, Marrat 

Nassa interstincta — Marrat 



312 
346 
349 
348 
347 
351 
347 
281 
280 
280 
255 
253 
254 
342 
120 
122 
242 
202 
107 
382 

239 
240 
252 

244 
119 

125 

123 

137 
205 
205 
205 
136 
136 
136 
137 
381 



Nassa obliquata — Marrat 

,, Smithii ,, 

Natica caffra ,, 

,, (Mamma) faba, — Marrat 
Opeas delicata — Taylor 
Paludina vivipara var. atro-purpura — Lloyd 
Planorbis glaber var. compressa — Lloyd 

,, Gibbonsi — Nelson 
Pleurotoma gracilis --Ma Tat 
Pupa Cincinnatiensis — Judge 
Pusionella recurvirostris — Marrat 
Somatogyrus trothis — Doherty 
Subulina intermedia — -Taylor 
Zonites ventrosus — Taylor 





PAGE. 




•• 243 




.. 204 




. 204 




•• 205 




.. 281 


'd 


6 




7 




•• 379 




240 




■ 343 




.. iSo 




•• 341 




.. 282 




•• 2'iX 



LIST OF AUTHORS 
WHO HAVE CONTRIBUTED TO THIS VOLUMIl 



Angas, G. F., F.L. S. 
Ashford, C. 
Bland, T. 
Blatch, W. G. 
Brazier, J., C.M.Z.S. 
Bridgman, J. B. 
Cooke, A. H. 
Collier, E. 
Crowther, H. 
Damon, R. 
Daniel, J. E. 
Doherty, W. 
Fitzgerald, (Mrs.) J. 
Garrett, A. 
Gibbons, J.S., M.B, 
Godlee, T. 
Gloyne, C. P. 
Guppy, R. J. L., F.L.S. 
Gvvatkin, H. M., M.A. 



134, 178 

... 19, 29, 180 

105, 128 

129 

268 

70 

321 

139 

215 

217 

... 50, III, 113, 246, 247 

341, 344 

29, 51, 248, 249 

33S» 353 
233' 336, 339, 340, 367. 368, 369, 370, 416 

67, 70 

37> Sh 97, i33> 175, 283, 337 

109 

321 



PAGE. 

Hatcher, W. H. ... ... ... ... 138 

Hebden, J. ... .. ... ... 3- 97 

Hele (Miss) F. M. ... ... ... ... 92, 248 

Hemphill, H. ... ■.. • .. 128 

Jeffreys, J. G., LL.D., F.R.S. &c, ... .. ... 8 

Judge, C. R. ... ... ..'. -. 343 

Langdon, A. W. ... ... ... ... 71. 89 

Laver, H., F.L.S. ... ... ... ... 264 

Leslie, H. ... ... ... ... 33 

Lloyd, R.M. ... ... ... ... 6 

Marrat, F. P. ... ■•. 136, 179, 204, 237, 244, 381 

Marshall, J. T. ... ... ... ... 131, 380 

More, A. G. ... ... ... ... 43 

Nelson, W. .. ... ... 21, 181, 186, 216, 376 

Norman Rev. A. M., M.A. ... ... ... 275 

Peace, L. ... ... ... ... 36, 174 

Petterd, W. F. ... ... ... ... 394 

Pidgeon, D. ... ... ... ... 54 

Rimmer, R. ... ... ... 206, 265, 266 

Roebuck, W. D. ... ... ... ... 248 

Rogers, T. ... ... ... ... 17. 81 

Sowerby, G. B. junr. ... ... ... ... 78 

Simpson, E. ... ... ... ... 65, 93 

Smith, E. A., F.Z.S. ... ... ... 107, 118, 202, 346 

Stearns, R. E. C. ... ... ... ... 3i> 43 

Sutton, W. D. ... ... ... ... 22, 35, 49 

Taylor, J. W. ... 29, 97, 185, 216, 217, 245, 251, 280 

Taylor, G. ... ... ... ... 21, 92 

Tye, G. S. ... ... 7, 3°, 57, 68, 171, 230, 333, 401 

Wetherby Prof. A. G. ... ... ... ... 207 

Witter Prof. F. M. ... ... ... .. 382 

Whitwham, J. ... ... ... ... 29 

Yates, L. G. ... ... ... ... 182 



THE 



QUARTERLY JOURNAL 



OF 



CONCHOLOGY. 



INTRODUCTION. 

We are glad to find that the study of the science of Conchology 
is becoming much more general. We are glad because we think it 
possesses advantages which many other sciences only possess in a 
smaller degree. Its objects lie around us on every hand, on mossy 
banks, in glassy pools, in rustling woods, in the deep sea, and on its 
shore. Its spoils too, are of very varied beauty of form and 
colour — the houses of the Mollusca — how many, very many of our 
fellow-men cannot boast of houses so comfortable, so convenient, 
so exceeding beautiful. These spoils need no elaborate preparation 
on the part of the collector, nor jealous care for their jireservation, 
a plain wood cabinet, or boxes, a small round fishing net, some 
chip or tin pill boxes, are all that is required. 

It must not be thought that the field of study is a restricted one, 
for besides a knowledge of the Molluscs themselves, a practical 
knowledge of Botany is desirable, in order to recognize on what 
plants they feed, and also that by recognizing the food-iilant we 
may be on the alert to find the animal. Then an acquaintance with 
Geology will show upon what soiL and rocks certain species are 
most surely found, and it will allow of an intelligent comparison with 
all the myriad fossil forms ; for it must be remembered that by far 
the largest proportion of fossil remains are molluscous. A com- 
petent knowledge of Microscopy will amply repay some amount of 
patience, of time, and some little cost by proving an "open sesame" 
to many hidden wonders. Nor should we considtr the study of 
these lowly creatures as likely to lead to no direct useful result ; 
for it is by the study of the lower forms of life, that we hope perhaps 
ultimately to discover, what is life. 



V 



2 Quarterly Journal of Conchology. 

In introducing the Quarterly Journal of Conchology to the 
public, we have been desirous of satisfying a long-felt want of 
students of the science. Our chief objects are two — first, to en- 
courage and stimulate original research by freely opening our pages 
to all who take an interest in the science, however humble they 
may be, and more especially to all careful and accurate observers. 
Second, to bring the works of the great masters of the science 
within the reach of all collectors, by reprinting from time to time 
in our pages their more important papers which appear in the high 
priced publications. 

In addition to these two chief objects, we shall endeavour to 
point out the great importance of, and to promote the study of the 
geographical distribution of species. By a systematic inquiry into 
this subject, in which but little has been done, we believe many in- 
teresting phenomena will be discovered, bearing on the habits, food, 
and perhaps the origin of varieties. We must strongly urge the 
formation of local lists in every district. We shall always be glad to 
make them public. We may shortly be able to propose a scheme 
which will give a more organized character to this important work. 

We hope that our pages may also afford a means for com- 
paring results on the part of students, for encouraging the 
undertaking of combined and definite work, and also afford a 
means of general communication. 

Thus far as regards present students, but is it too much to 
hope that we may be the means of inducing others to take up the 
study? We cannot, it is true, offer any "fierce exciting joys" in its 
pursuit, but to those who wish a change from the bustle and haste 
of life, and from the feverish excitement of political and social 
strife, we can promise quiet, refreshing enjoyment — country 
rambles in the summer time — long nights in winter, arranging, 
studying, tabulating, and recording results, and comparing them 
with those of other collectors. In accepting this escape from the 
turmoil of ordinary life, we need not fear we shall lose our interest 
in our fellow men, in their well-being and progress, but we hope 
shall each be able to say — 

" I love not man the less, but nature more 
From these our interviews in which I steal 

From all I was, or am, or may be, and mingle with the universe and feel 
What I can ne'er express, yet cannot all conceal." 



Quaiierly Joiiiyial of Conchology. 3 

A LIST OF LAND AND FRESHWATER SHELLS 
COLLECTED IN THE NEIGHBOURHOOD OF 
WAKEFIELD. 

By JOSEPH HEBDEN. 

This List of Shells is the result of several years' collecting, 
and for much valuable information, I am indebted to my friends 
Messrs. Wm. Lund and G. Taylor, the former of whom was for 
many years a most assiduous and successful conchologist. 

It might have been made much more extensive but for the 
desirability of restricting the area of the district. 

Sphaerium corneum Z.— Common in the ponds and 
canals throughout the district. 

Sphaerium rivicola Leach. — Plentiful in the Barnsley and 
Stanley canals. 

Sphaerium ovale Femssac. — This local species is plentiful 
in the canal near Stanley, and is met with more rarely in the 
Wakefield and Barnsley canal. 

Sphaerium lacustre MuUer. — Occurs in the Barnsley 
canal, plentiful in a pond at Sandal. 

Pisidium amnicum Mullet: — Common in the Barnsley 
and Stanley canals. 

Pisidium fontinale Drapamaud. — Pond at Sandal. 

Pisidium fontinale var. Henslowana Shepp. — Barnsley 
canal. 

Pisidium fontinale var. pulchellay^«v«.y. — Barnsley canal. 

Pisidium nitidum Jenyns. — Found in ponds throughout 
the district. 

Unio tumidus F/iilHpson.—ln the canal near Barnsley. 

Unio tumidus van radiata Jeffr. — Plentiful in the canal 
at Heath. 

Unio pictorum L. — Moderately common in the Barnsley 
and Stanley canals. 

Anodonta cygnea L. — Common throughout the district. 

Anodonta cygnea var. radiata Midler. — In the lake at 
Nostell Priory. 

Anodonta anatina L. — Occurs in the canal near Barnsley. 

Anodonta anatina var. rad'yaXa. Jeffr. — Canal,nr. Barnsley. 

Dreissena polymorpha Pallas. — Plentiful in the Barnsley 
canal, Wintersett Reservoir, and New-miller-dam. 

Neritina fluviatilis L. — Common in the Wakefield and 
Barnsley canal. 

Paludina vivipara Z. — Common in the Wakefield and 
Barnsley canal, and more rarely in a stream near Sandal Castle. 

Bythinia tentaculata Z. — Commonthroughoutthedistrict. 

Bythinia tentaculata var. decollata Jeffr. — Found 
plentifully at Kirkthorpe. 

Bythinia Leachii Shepp. — Found commonlyamongstdecay- 
ing sedges at the sides of the Wakefield and Barnsley canal. 

Valvata piscinalis Mullei. — Moderately common in the 
Wakefield and Barnsley canal. 



4 Quarterly Journal of Conchology. 

Valvata piscinalis var. subcylindrica Jeffr. — River 
Went, near Ackworth. 

Planorbis nitidus Midler. — Found at Kirkthorpe and 
Hemsworth. 

Planorbis nautileus L. — Common at Ossett and Cold 
Hiendley. 

Planorbis nautileus var. cristata Draparnaitd.—OQ.Q.\xx--, 
with the type. 

Planorbis albus Mailer. — Various places round Wakefield. 
Planorbis albus var. Draparnaldi Shepp. — Very fine 
specimens of this local variety from a pond at Sandal. 

Planorbis spirorbis Midler. — Common throughout the 
district. A beautiful white variety occurs at Dirtcar 

Planorbis vortex L. — Very common throughout the 
district, with P. spirorbis. 

Planorbis carinatus Midler. — Common in the Wakefield 

and Barnsley canal. A dwarf form occurs in a pond nr. Sandal Castle. 

Planorbis complanatus Z. — Common throughout district. 

Planorbis corneus L. — Abundant in a pond at Castleford. 

Evidently introduced. 

Planorbis contortus Z. — Very abundant in ponds at 
Castleford and near Frystone Hall. 

Physa hypnorum Z. — Common in a ditch at Stanley, 
where the specimens are very fine ; more rarely at Cold Hiendley. 
Very common at Horbury. 

Physa fontinalis Z. — Common in the Barnsley canal, and 
in nearly every stream throughout the district. 

Physa fontinalis var. oblonga Jeffr. — Common in the 
River Went at Ackworth. 

Limnaea peregra Midler. — In a ditch at Stanley, common. 
Limnaea peregra var. ovata Drapamaud. — Barnsley canal. 
Other forms of this most variable species occur throughout 
the district. 

Limnaea auricularia Z. — Occurs in canals at Horbury and 
Walton, and in the Cold Hiendley and Hemsworth dams. 

Limnasa stagnalis Z. — Barnsley canal. Very fine speci- 
mens at Kirkthorpe. 

Limnaea stagnalis var. fragilisZ. — Abundant in a stream 
near Castleford. 

Limnaea palustris Midler. — In a pond on the canal side 
near Heath Bridge. 

Limnaea palustris var. el on gat a /^/r. — Occurs in the 
same pond. 

Limnaea palustris var. t'lncta Jeffr. — Barnsley canal. 
Limnaea truncatula J/?-;//^;.— Common in ditches through- 
out the district. 

Limnaea truncatula var. elegans Jeffr. — Standbridge, 
near Sandal. 

Limnaea glabra MuUer. — Very abundant in a pond at 
Havercroft where the specimens are small. Common near Ossett. 



Quurtei'ly Journal of Cotichology. 5 

Limnaea glabra var. elongata/e'/"/-.— Common and very 

fine at Ossett, amongst which are numbers of decollated specimens 

Ancylus fluviatilis ^////Av.^Common at Kirkthorpe. 

Ancylus fluviatilis var. Capuloides yi^?;/.— This local and 

rare variety occurs in the River Went, near Ackworth, also in a 

small stream near Sandal Castle. 

Ancylus fluviatilis var. albiday^r.— Pugneys. 
Ancylus lacustris L. — Barnsley canal occasionally, plenti- 
ful in a pond at Cold Hiendley. 

Arion ater L. — Common throughout the district. 
Arion flavus iv/'.— Common throughout the district. 
Limax gagates Drop. — Bridge at Fall Ing. 
Limax flavus L. — Common throughout the district. 
Limax agrestis L. — Common. 

Limax arborum Bouch.-Chant. — Occurs at Haw^ Park. 
Limax maximus L. — Common throughout the district. 
Succinea putris L. — Common throughout the district. 
Succinea elegans Risso. — Common at Ackworth. 
Vitrina pellucida MuUer. — Common throughout district. 
Zonites cellarius Mii/Ier. — Common throughout district. 
Zonites alliarius Midler. — Common throughout district. 
Zonites nitidulus Drap. — Common throughout district. 
Zonites nitidulus var. nitens Midland. — Beautiful pink- 
ish white coloured specimens of this variety occur at Newton. 
Zonites purus Alder. — Occurs at Haw Park. 
Zonites purus var. margaritacea Jeffr. — Common 
throughout the district. 

Zonites radiatulus Alder. — Rare at Sandal Castle. 
Zonites nitidus J/z///^;-.— Stanley and Cold Hiendley, 
locally abundant. 

Zonites excavatus Bean. — Common at Haw Park and at 
Butlcliffe Wood. 

Zonites crystal! in us i7/^///fr.—Commonthroughoutdistrict. 
Zonites fulvus Midler. — Scarce throughout the district. 
Helix aculeata Midler.- — Common at Haw Park, and 
occurs sparingly throughout the district. 

Helix aspersa Midler. — Common throughout the district. 
Helix nemoralis Z.— Common throughout the district. 
Helix nemoralis var. hortensis Muller. — Common 
throughout the district. 

Helix nemoralis v.hybrida Poi. — Occasionally at Newton. 
Helix nemoralis var. major Fer. — Chevet, rare. 
Helix nemoralis var. minor Jeffr. — Rather common at 
Stanley. 

Helix Cantiana Montagu. — Canal side near Walton, and 
at Chevet Lane. At the latter locality specimens- are scarcer and 
of less size than formerly. 

Helix rufescens Pennant. — Common throughout district. 
Helix rufescens var. a.\\:>'\(^^i Jeffr. — Very rare, one speci- 
men near Crofton Station. 



6 Quarterly Journal of Conchology. 

Helixrufescensv.minoryd^^r.— Rather commonnr.Chevet. 

Helix hispida L. — Common throughout the district. 

Helix virgata Da Costa. — Very local, only occurring on 
and about a railway bridge near Oakenshaw. 

Helix caperata Mont. — Common throughout the district. 

Helix caperata var. ornata Picard. — Occurs along with 
the type, frequently. 

Helix caperata var. subscalarisy^r. — Rare, one speci- 
men on Sandal Castle Hill. 

Helix caperata var. Gigaxii Charp. — Frequently met 
with in Chevet Lane. 

Helix ericetorum Midler. — Sandal Castle Hill, where I 
also found a scalariform specimen. 

Helix rotundata j/////^A. — Common throughout the district. 

Hel ix rotu ndata var. al ba Moquin-Tandon. — My friend, Mr. 
G. Taylor, has taken three specimens of this rare variety near Ossett. 

Helix pygmaea Drap. — Scarce at Haw Park and other 
places in the district. 

Helix pulchella Midler. — Common in a quarry at Oaken- 
shaw and New-miller-dam. 

Helix pulchella var. costata yl/////^r. — Occurs plentifully 
with the type at Oakenshaw. 

Bulimus obscurus Midler. — Rare at Sandal Castle Hill. 

Vertigo pygmaea Drap. — Rare, occurs at Dirtcar, where 
the specimens have four teeth. 

Clausilia rugosa Z>m/.— Occurs at Sandal, Newmarket, 
and Woodlesford. 

Cochlicopa lubrica Midler. — Haw Park. 

Cochlicopa lubrica var. lubricoides Fer. — Haw Park 
and Sandal Castle Hill. 

Acme lineata Drap. — Living specimens of this rare Mol- 
lusk were found in decaying timber on the canal side, near Haw 
Park, by myself and Mr. Wm. Lund. 

Sandal Common, Near Wakefield, Dec. 26th, 1873. 

On Varieties of Paludina viviparaand Planorbisgla- 
ber. — Having been so fortunate during the past year as tofind a new 
and distinct variety of each of these fresh-water Shells, which have 
been kindly determined for me by Mr. J. G. Jeffreys, F.R.S., I 
send a description of them for the information of your readers. 

Paludina vivipara var. atro-purpura. — Shell same shape as 
the normal form, but of a black colour, which, when viewed by 
transmitted light, is dark purple, being in fact the same colour as the 
bands of other specimens which occur with it. I found it in thecanal 
at Pontypool this spring in numbers, together with the type and the 
variety unicolor; and besides this, there were with them all inter- 
mediately coloured ones, between unicolor and atro-purpura; these 
evidently being the ends of a series, unicolor being that in which all 
traces of the bands have vanished, and atropurpura that in which 
they have so spread themselves as to have entirely obliterated all 
traces of the green ground colour of the typical shell. 



Quarterly Journal of Conchology. 7 

Planorbis glaber var. compressa — Shell more concave 
below than in the type, and only depressed in the centre on the 
upper side, the whorls also are rounder and do not increase so 
quickly, making the whole shell more compact. Found in the 
neighbourhood of Birmingham. — R. M. Lloyd, 60, Villa-road, 
Handsworth, Birmingham, December i8th, 1873. 



ON THE OCCURRENCE OF COCHLICOPA TRIDENS 
var CR YSTALLINA, Dupuy, IN THE NEIGHBOUR- 
HOOD OF BIRMINGHAM. 

By G. SHERRIFF TYE. 

Any interested reader turning to page 291, vol. I. of Mr. 
Jeffreys' "British Conchology," will there find recorded the occur- 
rence of this lovely little shell at Weoley Castle. [In Mr. Jeffrey's 
book spelt "Wheeley."] I believe the original spot from whence 
the shells here indicated were taken, is in a garden now attached 
to a farm-house. A short distance from this spot my friend Mr. 
Nelson, after diligent search, was rewarded by finding two or three 
shells, shewing much to our mutual satisfaction, that this charming 
variety still inhabits the locality. 

Having hitherto looked upon it as a rarity, I consider myself 
fortunate in having since found it in three other places in the 
Birmingham district. First at Perry Bar, secondly at Hamstead, at 
the former place I found an interesting variety of a pale whitish 
yellow colour, more opaque than crystal Una, but brilliant. 
Hamstead furnished the greatest number of the crystalline variety. 
My friends, Messrs. Nelson and Lloyd and myself, obtained amongst 
us nearly two dozen shells, yet left many young to furnish a 
progeny for future collectors. 

The third habitat is Dudley, where, on a pleasant day in April 
this year, Mr. Lloyd and myself found it in company with C. lubrica 
and Carychiuni niininiuni in the still romantic grounds of Dudley 
Castle. 

These three localities are all in the county of Stafford, and 
their distance from Birmingham is as follows : — Perry Bar, 2| miles; 
Hamstead, 2^ miles ; Dudley about 8 miles. Weoley Castle is in 
Worcestershire, and is situated about 4I miles from Birmingham. 

A single specimen has also been taken by Mr. Shrive, near 
Knowle, Warwickshire. 

C. tridens is distributed throughout the neighbourhood of 
Birmingham, occurring abundantly in many places and sparingly 
in others ; indeed a collector searching for it in almost any "likely 
looking" locality would hardly be disappointed, yet it appears to 
be much less plentiful in other districts. 

It would be interesting to learn the distribution of this species 
in Great Britain. The records of its occurrence in our eastern 
counties are rare, and it is doubtful whether it inhabits Scotland or 
Ireland. Mr. Jeffreys has recorded one locality for it in Wales. 

It may be looked for at the roots of grass {i.e., at the base of 
the blades) or in the middle of thick tufts, among moss, or under 



8 Quarterly Journal of Conchology. 

herbage or stones in rather damp places "all the year round," but 
early in the year, if the weather be mild, is the best time, before 
vegetation gets too luxuriant and Phoebus too powerful, for our 
little Cochlicopa, like many others of our native moUusks, is no 
"feather-bed soldier" but bestirs himself ere yet the last snow has 
departed before the soft breath of spring. 

Unlike its brother C. liibrica, C. tridens has a limited foreign 
distiibution, being only reported from France and Germany, while 
the former has a world-wide distribution. 

Handsworth, December \%th, 1873. 



THE MOLLUSCA OF EUROPE COMPARED WITH 
THOSE OF EASTERN NORTH AMERICA. 

By J. GWYN JEFFREYS, F.R.S. 

[Reprinted, by the kind permission of the Author, from the Annals 
AND Magazine of Natural History for October, 1872.] 

After mentioning that he had dredged last autumn on the 
coast of New England in a steamer provided by the Government 
of the United States, and that he had inspected all the principal 
collections of Mollusca made in Eastern North America, the 
author compared the Mollusca of Europe with those of Massachu- 
setts. He estimated the former to contain about 1000 species 
(viz. 200 land and freshwater, and 800 marine), and the latter to 
contain about 400 species (viz. no land and freshwater, and 290 
marine) ; and he took Mr. Binney's edition of the late Professor 
Gould's 'Report on the Invertebrata of Massachusetts,' published 
in 1870, as the standard of comparison. That work gives 401 
species, of which Mr. Jeffreys considered 41 to be varieties and 
the young of other species, leaving 360 apparently distinct species. 
About 40 species may be added to this number in consequence of 
the recent researches of Professor Verrill and Mr. Whiteaves on 
the coast of New England and in the Gulf of St. Lawrence. Mr. 
Jeffreys identified 173 out of the 360 Massachusetts species as 
European, viz., land and freshwater 39 (out of no), and marine 
134 (out of 250), the proportion in the former case being 28 per 
cent., and in the latter nearly 54 per cent. ; and he produced a 
tabulated list of the species in support of his statement. He 
proposed to account for the distribution of the North-American 
Mollusca thus identified, by showing that the land and freshwater 
species had probably migrated from Europe to Canada through 
Northern Asia, and that most of the marine species must have been 
transported from the Arctic seas by Davis's-Strait current southwards 
toCapeCod, and the remainder from the Mediterranean and western 
coasts ofthe Atlantic by the Gulf-stream in a northerly direction. He 
renewed his objection to the term "representative species." The 
author concluded by expressing his gratitude for the kind 
hospitality and attention which he received from naturalists during 
his visit to North America last year. 



Quarterly Journal of Conchology. 



Mollusca of Eastern North America^ accoi'ding to Binnefs 
edition of Gould's ^Invertebtata of Massachusetts.^ 







. 


c 




6 


Name of Species. 


a 


0. 



Synonyms and Remarks. 


m 
^ 




2;o 


3 




28 


Teredo navalis, Linne ... 


N 


E 


Wood's Hole, Mass. J.G.J. 


29 


Norvegica, Spengler 


N 


E 




30 


megotara, Z^aw/^y 


N 


E 




31 


Thompsonii, Try on 


S 






32 


dilatata, Stimpson 


N 




7'. megotara, variety. 


33 


chlorotica, Gotild {i^'jo)... 


N 


E 


T. pedicellata, Quatrefages 


34 


Xylotrya fimbriata, feffreys 


S 




[1849, var. 


36 


Pholas costata, L. 


S 






38 


truncata, 6'ay 


S 






39 


Zirfaea crispata, Z. 


N 


E 


Genus Pholas. 


40 


Solen ensis, L. ... 


N 


E 




43 


Solecurtus gibbus, Sp. ... 


S 






44 


divisus, Sp. 


S 






46 


Machsera squama, Blainville ... 


N 




G. Siliqua. 


47 


costata, Say 


N 




G. Siliqua. 


48 


Solemya velum, ^qy (1822) 


N 




S. togata, young. 


50 


borealis, ToUen (18^4) ... 


N 


E 


S. togata. Poll, 1 79 1. 


51 


Panoptsa arctica, Laviarck ( 1 8 1 8) 


N 


E 


Saxicava Norvegica, sp. 1 793 


53 


Glycymeris siliqua, Chemnitz ... 


N 


E 


G. Cyrtodaria. 


55 




N 


E 




58 


truncata, L. 


N 


E 




60 


Corbula contracta, 6"^;/... 


S 






61 


Neaera pellucida, 6"^ 


N 


E 




62 




N 






64 


Lyonsia hyalina, Conrad 


N 




Allied to L. Norvegica. 


65 


arenosa, Miiller ... 


N 


"e' 




66 


Anatina papyracea, Say 


N 






68 


Cochlodesma Leanum, Conrad 


N 




Allied to Thracia prcetenuis 
which is European. 


69 


Thracia Conradi, Couthouy{ i S38) 


N 




Zl ?>{//«/«, J. Sowerby, 1845. 


71 


myopsis(/)Vc/^)il/«7/(i842) 


N 


E ' T. truncata, Brown, 1827. | 


72 


\.xw\\cz.\.2.,Mighels&' Ada77is 










(1842) 


N 


E 


'^o\.T.trimcata,V,u T.sep- 
tentrionalis, Jeffr. MS. 


73 


Mactra solidissima, Ch. 


N 




Loven received a single 
valve from Finmark. 


75 


ovalis, Gould 


N 




M, solidissima, var. 


77 


lateralis. Say 


N 




Allied to M. siibtntncata, 
which is European. 


79 


Cumingia tellinoides, Conr. 


S 






80 


Ceronia arctata, Conr.... 


N 




AJesodesma deauratum, var. 


81 




N 




G. Mesodesnia 


83 


Kellia planulata, 6"^ 


N 




G. Lascca. 


83 


suborbicularis, Montagu... 


N 


"'e 




85 


Turtonia minuta, Zi2(!iA7««j 


N 


E 


G. Cyaminm, 


86 




N 


E 




87 


Saxicava rugosa, Pennant 


N 


E 


Linne instead of Pennant. 


89 


arctica, L.... 


N 




S. rugosa, var. 


90 


Petricola pholadiformis, Lain... 


N 




Valentia, Ireland ; fragment 


92 


dactylus, .S'ay 


N 




P. pholadifo! fiiis, var. 


93 


Macoma fusca. Say (1826) 


N 


"e 


Tellina Balthica, L., 1766. 


95 


proxima, Gray (1839) .. 


N 


E 


T. calcaria, Ch., 1782. 


96 


Tellina tenta, Say 


S 






97 


tenera. Say 


N 




. Allied to T. tenuis. 


^ 


Lucina filosa, St. (1851) 


N 


E L. borealis, L., 1766. 



Quarterly Journal of Conchology. 







"•g 


c 




bu 


Name of Species. 


t/2U 


0. 



Synonyms and Remarks. 


a, 




■ a 


3 




99 


Lucina dentata, Wood ... 


s 






lOO 


Cryptodon Gouldii, Phil. (1845) 


N 


E 


Axinus Jlexuosus Mont, 
var. 1803. 


lOI 


Sphaerium simile, Say (1816) ... 


\r 




S. striatmum. Lam., 18 18. 


103 


partumeium, ,, (1822) 


N 


E 


S. lacustre, Mulier, 1774. 


104 


rhomboideum, ,, .. 


N 




Allied to S. corneum, 


105 


Vermontanum, Prime 






which is European. 




(1861) 


N 


E 


S. pisidioides. Gray, 1856. 
Perhaps introduced into 
England. 


106 


truncatum, Zmj-Zey 


N 




i". lacustre, var. 


107 


tenue, Pritne 


N 






107 


securis, ,, 


N 




S. lacustre, var. Rykholtii 


108 


occidentale, ,, 


N 






109 


Pisidium dubium, Say (1816) ... 


N 


E 


P. amnicufn, Mull. 1774. 


no 


Adamsii, Pri/ne {18^1) ... 


N 


E 


P. fontinale Draparnaud, 


no 


corapiessum, ,, 


N 




[1805. 


112 


iequilaterale, ,, 


N 




Allied to P. mtidum, -which. 
is European. 


"3 


ferrugineum, Prime 


N 




P. pusillum, var. obtiisalis 


"3 


ahdhum, Haldeman (iS^l) 


N 


E 


P. pusillum, Gmelin, 1788 


"5 


varial)ile, Prime... 


N 






116 


ventricosum, ,, 


N 




Possibly someof theseNorth 
American species maybe 
reduced in number. 


"7 


Astarte castanea, Say ... 


N 




Perhaps a variety of A. 
borealis, Ch. 


119 


sulcata, Da Costa 


N 


E 


Including^. tindata,Qo\\!^A 
=A. Omalii, J. .^ow. 


121 


semisulcata,Zm<rA(i8l7)... 


N 


E 


A. borealis, Ch., 1784 var. 


123 


quadrans, Gould ... 


N 




A. castanea, var. nana. 


124 


elliptica, Hanky ... 


N 




A. sulcata, var. 


125 


... . Hanksii, Leach (1817) 


N 


E 


A. compressa, Mt. 1803 var. 


126 


crebricostata, Forbes {x'&i;]) 


N 


E 


A. depressa, Br., 1827. 


127 


Astarte Portlandica, Mighels ... 


N 




A. compressa, var. 


128 


Gouldia mactracea, Linsley 


N 




G. Ci-assatella. 


129 


Cyprina Islandica, L 


N 


E 




131 


Cytherea convexa. Say .. 


N 




G. Vemts. 


133 


Venus mercenaria, L. .. 


N 






135 


notata. Say 


N 




V. mercenaria, var. 


136 


Tapes fluctuosa, Gould ... 


N 


E 


G. Venus. 


137 


Gemma gemma, Totte^t 


N 




V. mercenaria, young. 


138 


... .. Manhattensis, Prime 


S 






139 


Cardium Islandicum, L. 


N 


E 




141 


elegantulum, (Beck), Moll. 


N 


E 




143 


Liocardium Mortoni, Cofir. 


N 




G. Cardium. 


144 


Aphrodita Grcenlandica, Ch. ... 


N 


E 




146 


Cardita borealis. Cottr. (1836)... 


N 


E 


C. sulcata, Bruguiere, 1792 


147 


Area pexata, Say 


S 




[var. 


148 


.... transversa, Say .... 


N 




A. pexata, var. 


149 


Nucula tenuis, ii/o«/. ... 


N 


E 




150 


proxima. Say 


N 






152 


expansa, Reeve 


N 




N. tenuis, var. 


153 


delphinodonta, Migh 


N 


E 




154 


Yoldia limatula. Say (1831) ... 


N 


E 


Y. artica, Sars. G. Leda. 


155 


obesa, St. ... 


N 




Allied to Leda lucida, 
which is European. 


156 


siliqua, ^'^^^(1855) 


N 


E 


L. arctica, Gray, 18 19. 


157 


thraciaeformis, Storer 


N 


E 


G. Leda. 



Quarterly Journal of Conchology. 



159 
160 
161 
163 
164 

165 
167 
169 
170 
172 
173 
174 
176 
177 
178 

180 
182 
183 
186 
188 
190 
192 

193 
194 

195 
196 
198 
199 
200 
202 
203 
204 
204 
205 
206 
208 

210 
211 

213 
213 
214 
215 

216 
216 

217 
218 
219 
220 
221 
222 
222 
223 
224 



Name of Species. 



Yoldia sapotilla, Gould {\^\i).. 

myalis, Couth 

Leda tenuisulcata, Couth (1838) 

Jacksonii, Gould ... 

minuta, Fair. 

caudata, Donovan 

Unio complanatus, Solander ... 

nasutus, Say 

radiatus, Gm. 

cariosus, Say 

ochraceus, Say 

Margaritana arcuata, Bar. {1823) 

undulata, Say 

marginata, Gould 

Anodon fluviatilis, Lea . 

implicata, Say 

. .. undulata, Say 
Mytilus edulis, L. 
Modiola modiolus, L. . 

plicatula. Lam. ... 

Modiolaria nigra, Gray 

discors, L. 

corrugata, St. 

Crenella glandula. Tott. 

pectinula, Gould {1841) .. 

Pecten tenuicostatus, Migh&'Ad 

Islandicus, Miill ... 

irradians, Lai?i. ... 

luscus, Linsl. 

Ostrea Virginiana, Lister 

borealis. Lain. 

Anomia ephippium, L. 

aculeata, Gm. 

electrica, L. 

squamula, L. 

Terebratulina septentrionalis 

Couth (1839) ... 
Rhynchonella psittacea, G//i. 
VValdheimia cranium, Gm. 

Philine sinuata, St. 

quadrata, S. Wood 

lineolata, Couth (1839) 

Scaphander puncto-striatus, 

Migh. 6^ Ad. (1842)... 
Diaphana hiemalis. Couth {\?>2,()) 
debilis, Gould {\2>^o) 

Utriculus Gouldii, Couth. (1839) 

pertenuis, Rligh. ... 

canaliculatus, Say 

Cylichna alba, Br. ..< 

oryza, Tott. (1835) 

Bulla incincta, j^/z>/i. ... 
... . solitaria. Say 

occulla, Migh.&Ad. ( 1 842) 

Tornatella puncto-striata, Ad. . 



o a, 



Synonyms and Remarks. 



N 


E 


N 


E 


N 




N 


E 


N 




N 
ivr 




s 




s 




s 




N 


E 


S 




s 




s 




N 

s 




N 


E 


N 


E 


N 




N 


E 


N 


E 


N 


E 


N 




N 


E 


N 




N 


E 


N 




.\ 




N 




S 




N 


E 


N 




N 




N 




N 


E 


N 


E 


N 


E 


N 




N 


E 


N 


E 


N 


E 


N 


E 


N 


E 


N 


E 


N 




S 




N 


E 


N 


E 


N 




S 




N 
c 


E 



L. hyperborea, Lov. 1846. 

G. Leda. 

L.fenmla, Mull. 1770, var 

L. pcrnula, var. 

Mull, instead of Fabr. 

L. mmuta, var. 



Perhaps U. cariosus, var. 
Unio inargaritijer, L. 1766 
G. Unio. 
G. Unio. 

Dili wy n, 1 8 1 7instead of Lea 
Anodonta cyg-neah. 1760 
G. Anodonta.A. cygnea vai 
G. Anodonta. 



G. JMytilus. 
G. Mytilus. 



C.faba, Fabr., 1780. 



P. irradians, young. 

0. Virgitiiana, var. 

A. ephippium, var. 
A. ephippium, var. 
A. ephippium, young. 

Terebratula c aput-setpentis 
[L., 1764, var. 
Mull, instead of Gm. G. 

Terebratula. 
Allied to P. nitida, which 
[is European 
P. lima, Br., 1827. 

S.libraritis, Lov., 1846. 
Utriculus globosus\.o\ 1846 
Utriculus hyalinus, Turt., 

1834. 
U. turritus, Moll., 1842. 
U. Gouldii, young. 



Bulla utriculus, Brocchi, 
[1814. 

Cylichna striata, Br., 1827 
Perhaps Actaon pusilltis. 
G. Actceon- 



Quarterly Journal of Conchology. 







. 






dJ 


Name of Species. 




2 


Synonyms and Remarks 


5? 




^•a 


3 




226 


Polycera Lessonii, D'Oi-bigny ... 


N 


E 




228 


Doris bilamellata, L. ... 


N 


E 




229 


tenella, Agassiz ... 


N 




Perhaps D. iticonspicua, 
which is European. 


229 


pallida, Jg. (1870) 


N 


E 


D. aspera. Alder & Han- 
cock, 1842. 


230 


diademata, Ag. ( 1 870) ... 


N 


E 


D. tuberculata, Cuvr. 1802 


231 


planulata, St. (1853) 


N 


E 


D. repaiida, A. & H., 1842 


232 


grisea, St. 


N 




" Very closely allied to ID. 

inconspicua. " 


233 


Ancula sulphurea, St. ... 


N 




" Very like to Aniulacris- 
lata," which is European 


234 


Uendronotus arborescens, Miill. 


N 


E 




236 


Dota coronata, Cw. 


N 


E 




238 


^olis papillosa, L. 


N 


E 




240 


salmonacea, De A'ay{ 1843) 


N 




Eolis bodoensis, Moll., 1842 


241 


Bostoniensis, Couth. 


N 




"Approaching closely E. 
coronata of Forbes," 


242 


rufibranchialis, yohnstoti . . . 


N 


E 


[which is European. 


243 


pilata, Gould 


N 






245 


stellata, St. 


N 






246 


purpurea, St. 


N 






246 


picta, A. &' H. 


N 


E 




247 


diversa, Couth 


N 






248 


despecta, Johtiston 


N 


E 




249 


gymnota, De Kay 


N 




" Nearly allied to E. con- 
c?««a, "which is European 


250 


Calliopsea (?) fuscata, Gould ... 


N 






251 


Embletonia fuscata, Gould 


N 






252 


remigata, Gould ... 


N 






253 


Hermtea cruciata, Alex. Ag. ... 


S 






254 


Alderia Harvardiensis, Ag. 


N 






255 


Elysia chlorotica, ^^. ... 


N 






256 


Placobranchus catulus, Ag. 


N 






258 


Limapontia zonata, St. 


N 






258 


Chiton apiculatus, 6'fiy/... 


S 






259 


cinereus, L. 


S 


E 


C. marginatus, not C. cin- 
ereus. A single speci- 


260 


ruber, Lowe 


N 


E 


[men only ; questionable 


261 


marmoreus. Fair. 


N 


E 




263 


albus, A/ont 


N 


E 


L., not Mont. 


263 


mendicarius, Migh. dr" Ad. 










(1842) ... 


N 


E 


C. Hanleyi, Bean, Thorpe, 


264 


Amicula Emersonii, Couth 


N 




[ 1844- 


266 


Dentalium dentale, L. ... 


N 




D. striolattim, var. 


266 


Entalis striolata, 5A (1851) 


N 


E 


Dentalium abyssorum, 
Sars, 1858, var. 


267 


Tectura testudinalis, Aliill 


N 


E 




269 


alveus, Co7i>: 


N 




T. testudinalis, var. 


270 


Lepeta caeca, Miill 


N 


E 




271 


Crepidula fornicata, L... 


N 


E 




272 


plana. Say 


N 




C. fornicata, var. 


273 


co^w&y.z.. Say 


N 






274 


glauca, Say 


N 




C. fornicata, var. 


275 


Crucibulum striatum, Say 


N 






276 


Cemoria noachina, Z. ... 


N 


E 


G. Puncturella. 


277 


lanthina fragilis, Deshayes 


N 


E 


Lam., not Desh. Specific 
name changed to com- 
munis, 1822. 



Quarterly Journal of Conchology. 



13 







tt 


a 




oJ 


Name of Species. 


2 


Synonyms and Remarks. 


z 






3 




278 


Adeorbis costulata, /!/(?// 


N 


E 


G. A/olleria. 


279 


Margarita cinerea, C(7z//// 


N 


E 


G. Trochus. 


280 


undulata, Sozverby (1838; 


N 


E 


Troth us Grcenlandicus, 
Ch., 1781. 


281 


helicina, Fabr. 


N 


E 


G. Trochus. 


282 


argentata, Gould {\'ii,\) ... 


N 


E 


Ti-ochus glaucus, MoW. 1842 


283 


obscura, Couth 


N 


E 


G. Trochus. 


284 


acuminata, Aligh. &^ Ad. 


N 




Trochus varicosus, young. 


285 


varicosa, Migh &^^a^( 1842) 


N 


E 


M. elegantissi??ia, Bean, S. 
Wood, 1848. G. Trochus 


286 


Trochusoccidentalis, Aligh &^Ad 


N 


E 




286 


Valvata tricarinata, Say (181 7) 


N 


E 


V. pisciHalis, Mull, 1774, 


288 


pupoidea, Gould ... 


N 




[var. 


289 


Melantho decisa, Say ... 


N 






292 


Amnicola pallida, Haldeman ... 


N 




G. Hydrobia. 


293 


limosa. Say 


N 




G. Hydrobia. 


294 


granum, Say 


N 




G. Hydrobia. 


295 


Pomatiopsis lapidaria. Say 


S 






296 




N 


E 




297 


Rissoella ? eburnea, St. 


N 




G. Rissoa. 


297 


sulcosa, yJ/zj^/i. 


N 




G. Rissoa. One specimen 
only. 


298 


Rissoa minuta, 7(7/A (1834) ... 


N 


E 


Hydrobia ventrosa, Mont., 
1803, var. 


299 


latior, Migh. (Sf Ad. 


N 






299 


aculeus, Gould (iS^i) 


N 


E 


R. striata,]. Kdmrvi, 1795. 


300 


multilineata, St. ... 


N 




R. striata, var. 


30 1 


Mighelsi, St 


N 






301 


... exarata, St. 


N 






301 


carinata, 3/ig/i. &= Ad. ... 


N 






302 


Lacuna vincta, Mont. (1803) ... 


N 


E 


L. divaricata, Fabr., 1780. 


303 


neritoidea, Gould {iZ\o) . 


N 


E 


L. pallidula, Turt. 1827 var 


304 


Littorina rudis, Don. ... 


N 


E 


Maton, instead of Don. 


306 


tenebrosa, Mont. .. 


N 


E 


L. rudis, var. 


398 


.... litorea, Z 


N 


E 




309 


palliata, 5'a;/ (1822) 


N 


E 


L. obtusata, L. , 1 766, var . 
Z. liiiiata, Low, 1846. 


3" 


irrorata. Say 


S 






3" 


Scalaria Nov-anglise, Cout/i 


N 




S. multistriata, var. 


312 


lineata, Say 


s ■ 






m 


.... multi.striata, Say ... 


S 






314 


.. .. Groenlandica, C/i... 


N 


E 




315 


Csecum pulchellum, St... 


s 






316 


Vermetus radicula, St. ... 


S 






317 


Turritella erosa, Couti (1839)... 


N 


E 


T. polaris, Moll, 1842. 


318 


reticulata, Migh. <2^= Ad. 










(1842) 


N 


E 


T. lactea, Moll., 1842. 


319 


acicula, St. 


N 






320 


Aporrhais occidentalis, Beck ... 


N 






321 


Bittium nigrum, Tott. ... 


S 




G. CerithiuM. 


322 


Greenii, Ad. (1839) 


N 


E 


Cerithiopsis tubercularis. 


323 


Triforis nigrocinctus, ^fl'. 


S 




[Mont., 1803. 


325 


Odostomia producta. Ad. 


s 






325 


fusca, Ad. ... 


s 






327 


dealbata, St 


N 






327 


modesta, St. 


N 






327 


bisuturalis, Say ... 


N 






328 


trifida, Tott 


S 




S. impressa, var. 


329 


seminuda. Ad. 


N 







14 



Quarterly Journal of Conchology. 





l"'§ 


G 




<u 


Name of Species. 


p. 


1 



Synonyms and Remarks. 








3 
W 




330 


Odostomia impressa, Say (1822) 


S 




0. coilata, Cailliaud, 1865. 


331 


Turbonilla interrupta, Toti [iSt,^) 


N 


E 


Melania rufa, Ph., 1836, 
var. G. Odostomia. 


331 


nivea, St. 


N 




Perhaps Tio'bo lacteus, L. 


332 


Eulima oleacea, Kurtz &^ St. .. 


S 




G. Odostomia. 


2,^^ 


Menestho albula, Moll. 


N 




Apparently not this species, 
which is American. 


334 


Velutina haliotoidea, Fabr.( 1 780] 


N 


E 


V. Iccvigata, Pennant, 1777 


335 


zonata, Gould, (1841) 


N 


E 


V. tmdata. Brown, 1827. 


337 


Lamellaria perspicua, Z. 


N 


E 




338 


Lunatia heros, Say (1822) 


N 




Natica catenoides, S. Wood 
1848. 


340 


triseriata, Say 


N 




Natica hcj'os, young. 


341 


Groenlandica, Moll 


N 


E 


Beck, fide Moll. G. Natica 


342 


Naticaclausa, i?(2^. iSr^i'OTty. (1829) 


N 


E 


N. affinis, Gm., 1790. 


344 


pusilla, Say 


S 






344 


Mamma? immaculata. 7ott 


N 




G. Natica. 


345 


Neverita duplicata, Say 


S 




G. Natica. 


347 


Bulbus flavus, Gould, (1840) ... 


N 


E 


Natica Smithii, Brown 1 839 
=A^. aperta, Lov., 1846 


348 


Amauropsis helicoides, Johnston 










(1835) . 


N 


E 


Natica Islandica, Gm. 1790 


349 


Pleurotoma bicarinata, Couth ... 


N 


E 




350 


plicata, Ad. (1842) 


N 


E 


P. declivis, Lov., 1846. 


351 


Bela turricula, Alont. 


N 


E 


G. Pleurotoma. 


352 


harpularia, Couth 


N 


E 


G. Pleurotoma. 


353 


violacea, Migh^Ad.{ 1 842) 


N 


E 


Defrancia Beckii, Moll., 
1842. G. Pleurotoma. 


354 


decussata, Couth (1S41) ... 


N 


E 


Pleuroto?na Trevelyana, 
Turt., 1834. 


355 


cancellata, Migh. ■^ Ad. 










(1842) 


N 


E 


Defrancia Pingelii, Moll., 
1842. G. Pleurotoma 


355 


pleurotomaria, C(?mM( 1839) 


N 


E 


Buccinum pyrajuidale, 
Strom, 179—. G.Pletiro- 


356 


Columbella avara, Say 


S 




\toma. 


357 


rosacea, Gould, (1840) ... 


N 


E 


C. Holbollii, Beck, .Moll., 


358 


dissimilis, St. 


N 




[1842. 


359 


lunata, Say 


S 






360 


Purpura lapillus 


N 


E 




362 


Nassa obsoleta, Say 


N 




Subgenus Desmoulea. 


364 


trivittata, ^'oy (1822) 


N 




N.propinqua, J. Sow. , 1 824 


365 


vibex, Say 


S 






366 


Buccinum undatum, L. 


N 


E 




368 


ciliatum, Fabr. ... 


N 


E 


Not that species, but B. 
undulatuvi, Moll. 


369 


Donovani, Cray (1839) ... 


N 


E 


B. glaciate, L., 1766. 


370 


cinereum, Say 


N 




G. Urosalpijix, allied to 
Purpura. 


371 


Fusus Islandicus, Gm. .. 


N 




Not that species, but F. 
curtus, Jeffr. 


372 


pygmseus, St 


N 




Not Buccinum Sabinii or 
Fusus Sabini, Gray. 


373 


ventricosus, Gray 


N 






374 


tornatus, Gould {x'i of:,) ... 


N 


E 


F. despectus, L., 1766. 


375 


decemcostatus, Say 


N 






377 


Trophon clathratus, Z. 


N 


E 


Not that species, but T. 
truncatus, Str. 


378 


scalariformis, Gozdd (1840) 


N 


E 


T. clathratus, L., 1766. 



Quarterly Journal of Conchology. 



15 



Name of Species. 



o a 



379 
380 

383 

38s 
386 

387 

389 
390 

391 

394 
395 
396 



397 
398 
399 
400 
401 
401 
402 

403 
404 
404 
406 
407 
408 
409 
410 
412 
413 
415 
415 
417 
418 
420 
422 

423 
424 

425 
426 
427 
428 
429 
431 



433 

433 
434 
435 
436 
437 
438 
439 



Trophon muricatus, RIont. 
Busycon canaliculatum, L. 

carica, Gm. 

Fasciolaria ligata, Aligh. &= Ad. 
Ranella caudata, Say ... 
Cerithiopsis Emersonii, .id. 

... terebralis, ^(/. (1841) ... 
Trichotropis borealis, Sorv. 

Admete viridula, Fabr 

Vitrina limpida, Gould, (1850) 
Hyalina cellaria, Miill. 
arborea, Say 



electrina, Gould {\%a^\) 

indentata, Say 

minuscula, Binney 

Binneyana, Morse 

milium, Morse 

ferrea, Morse 

chersina, Say (1821) 

minutissima, Z^rt; (1841)... 

multidentata, j9mM^_;' 

lineata, Say 

Macrocyclis concava, Say 
Limax maximus, Z- 

agrestis, Z 

campestris, Bhmey (1841) 

flavus, Z. 

Helix alternata, Say 

striatella, Anthony 

asteriscus, Morse 

labyrinthica, Say 

hirsuta. Say 

monodon, Rackett 

palliata, Say 

... tridentata, Say 

albolabris, Say 

dentifera, Binn. .. 

thyroides, Say 

Sayii, Bi7i7i. 

? harpa, Say 

pnlchella, Miill. 

hortensis, Miill. (1774) . 

Cionella subcylindrica, Z. 



Pupa muscorum, Z. 

Hoppii, Moll 

pentodon, Say 

decora, Gould 

fallax, Say 

armifera. Say 

contracta, Say 

rupicola. Say 



Synonyms and Remarks. 



N 

N 
N 
N 
S 

N 
N 1 
N I 



Doubtful as American. 



G. Cerithium, not Cerithi- 
opsis. 

C. trilineata. Ph., 1836. 

Broderip and Sowerby's 
species. 

V. pelliuida. Mull., 1744 

G. Zonites. 

Closely allied to Z. excava- 

tus, but umbilicus much 

less open. 

Zonites radiatuhis. Alder, 

[1830, var. alba 



Zonites fulviis, Mull., 1774 
Helix pygruiEa, Drap., 1 805 



Z. Levis, Mull., 1774. 



Sweden. 

H. nenioralis, L., 1766 var 
Perhaps that species, but 

described as inhabiting 

fresh water. Cochlicopa 

lubrica. Mull. 
Linne's species is uhascer- 

tainable. P. marginata 

Drap. 



i6 



Qiiarterly Journal of Conchology. 







^°i> 






V 


Name of Species. 


0, 





Synonyms and Remarks. 


a, 

439 






3 




Pupa corticaria, Say 


N 






440 


Vertigo Gouldii, Bimi. (1843) 


N 


E 


V.alpestris, Aid., 1830. 


441 


... milium, Gould 


N 






442 


BoUesiana, Morse (1865) 


N 


E 


V. pygmcea, Drap., 1801. 


442 


ovata, Say (1822) 


N 


E 


V.antivertigo, Drap., 1801 


443 


ventricosa, Morse (1865) 


N 


E 


V. Moulinsiana, Dy., 1843 


444 


simplex, Gould {\%^0) .. 


N 


E 


V. edentula, Drap., 1805. 


445 


Succinea ovalis, Gould (1841) 


N 


E 


S. elegans, Risso. 1826. 


446 


avara, Say 


N 




Allied to S. putris, var. 
ochracea 


447 


obliqua, .y^jl' (1824) 


N 


E 


S.puti-is, L., 1766. 


448 


Totteniana, Zm ... 


iN 




S. putris, var. 


451 


Arion fuscus, Milll (1774) 


N 


E 


Perhaps that species. A. 
hortensis, Ferussac 18 19. 


453 


Zonites inomata, Say ... 


N 




Zonites is masculine ; see 


454 


suppressa, Say ... 


N 




[De Montfort. 


454 


fuliginosa, Griffith 


N 






457 


Tebennophoru.s dorsalis, Binn. 


N 






465 


Alexia myosotis, Drap. 


N 


E 


G. Melampus. 


466 


Carychium exiguum, Say (1822) 


N 


E 


C.mi7iimuvi, Mull., 1774- 


467 


Melampus bidentatus, Say 


N 




Specific name preoccupied. 
Al. corneus, Desh. 


471 


Limnasa columella, Say (181 7) 


N 


E 


L. peregra. Mull., 1774. 


473 


.... decollata, Migh 


N 




L. catascopium, var. 


474 


ampla, Migh. 


N 






475 


elodes. Say (1821) 


N 


E 


L.palust7'is, MviW., 1774. 


478 


desidiosa. Say 


N 




Z. truncatula, var. 


479 


catascopium. Say 


S 






480 


umbilicata. Ad. ... 


N 




Allied to L. truncatula. 


481 


pallida. Ad. 


N 




L. truncatula, var. degans. 


482 


humilis. Say (1822) 


N 


E 


L. truncatula. Mull., 1774 


483 


Physa heterostropha. Say 


N 




More nearly allied to P. 
;7'z'a/w,Mat.& Rack.than 


485 


ancillaria. Say 


S 




[to P. fontinalis. 


486 


Bulinus elongatus, Say {1821) 


\ 


E 


Physa hypnorum, L., 1766. 


488 


Planorbis trivolvis, ^ay 


N 






490 


lentus. Say 


N 




P. trivolvis, var. 


491 


bicarinatus, ^"0;' ... 


N 






492 


campanulatus, 6'a>' 


N 






493 


hirsutus, Gould [iS^^o) ... 


N 


E 


P. albus. Mull., 1774. 


494 


deflectus. Say 


N 




P. albus, var. JDraparnaldt 


495 


exacutus, Say 


N 




Allied to P. nitidus. 


497 


parvus, Say {1817-19) ... 


N 


E 


P.glaber, Jeftr., 1828. 


498 


dilatatus, Gould ... 


N 


E 


Perhaps introduced intc 
England and naturalized 


499 




N 




G. Planorbis . 


501 


Ancylus parallelus, Hald. 


N 




Allied to A. lacustris. 


502 


fuscus. Ad. 


N 






504 


Diacria trispinosa, Lesueur 


N 


E 


G. Cavolina. 


504 


Psyche globulosa. Rang 


N 






505' 


Heterofusus balea. .i1/<7// 


N 




G. Spirialis. 


505 


retroversus, Fleming 


N 


E 


G. i>pirialis. 


507 


Clione limacina, Phipps (1773) 


N 


E 


C. papilionacea, Pall. 1766 


509 


Loligopsis pavo, Zi".?. 


N 






510 


Ommastrephes sagittatus, Fer&~ 










D'Orb 


N 




Lamarck's species. G. Ovi- 


513 


Loligo punctata, De Kay 


S 




[tnatostrephes. 


514 


Pealei, Les. 


N 






516 


1 Spirula fragilis, St., (i860) 


S 




S. anstralis, Brug. 1789-92 



^