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Full text of "The question mark"

THE QUESTION MARK 
Published by the Boston Public Library Staff Association 
Volume XIX Number 1 January 196k 



Publications Committee: Harry Andrews, Jean Babcock, Doris Gray, Jane 

Manthorne, Edward J. Montana, Jr., Mrs. Bridie Stotz, 
Martin F. Waters, Barbara Flye, Peter DeSantis, 
Cartoonist, Sarah Usher, Indexer, William R. Lewis, 
Chairman, 

Publication date: Deadline for submitting material: 

The fifteenth of each month The tenth of each month 



In this our last editorial we of the Publications Cor.imittee wish to 
acknowledge and express our appreciation of the many kindnesses and acts 
of assistance tendered to us during our year at the helm of the sturdy 
ship QUESTION MARK. We would be less than honest if we failed to admit 
that our year-long voyage had not been a turbulent and stormy passage© 
However, the fact remains that we have weathered storm after sr,orm and 
are presently back in port ~ battered but somehow still uhboved Those 
to whom, in one way or another, we are indebted include both Chief 
Librarians [HR&CS and RRS] and the many Branch Librarians and Department 
heads who were generous in their allowance of time and personnel for QM 
preparation. Needless to say we are also gratefv.l to the ma~y members of 
the Library staff who contributed articles, reports ^ notes, ptc ; in a dis- 
play of cooperation which made our task so much easier* Last but by no 
means least a bouquet to the Administration and Library Trustees who 
despite our several differences have allowed the QM to continue in its 
traditional format. 

We would like at this tiae to offer our good wishes to the new 
Officers and Executive Board of the BPLSA and especially to the next 
Publications Committee. 



THE PUBLICATIONS COMMITTEE 



- 2 - 



PRESIDENT'S NOTES 

The Executive Board of the Staff 
Association has met twice [December 16 
and January 7] since the last issue of 
The Question Hark . During these meetings 
we continued our discussion of long- 
service payments and the Library Assist- 
ant Salary Schedule, as well as conclud- 
ing our work on the new proposed promo- 
tional policy. 

Although the position of the Staff 
Association as a whole may not coincide 
exactly with the expressed desires of 
the Quarter Century Club on the matter 
of longevity payments, the Executive 
Board of this Association is agreed that 
the extra grade increase recently 
granted all those having twenty-five or 
more years service does not solve this 
i '-oblem entirely. On January lii [too 
late for a report in this QM],we have 
scheduled another meeting with Mr, Gaines 
in which this subject will be one of 
several under discussion. If possible, 
any positive and workable suggestion 
rising out of this meeting will be 
brought to your attention at the Annual 
Meeting of this Association on January 
17, 

In regard to the LA Salary Schedule, 
there seems to be no question on the 
necessity of some salary increase during 
1 Q 6U» Your Executive Board is not sure, 
however, whether this increase should be 
a flat across the board one for all LA 
levels. As you are aware, the new 
salary schedules were designed to begin 
at a high enough rate to attract new 
assistants. At the other end of the 
spectrum, grades LA9 and up now equate 
with our substantial professional salary 
scale. It is the contention of your 
Executive Board, then, that the median 
LA grades, from LA3 through LA7 or 8, 
are the ones most needful of attention, 
salary-wise, at this time. The Board 
would welcome the opinion of all staff 
members on this question. 

You will remember that early in 1°63, 
the Executive Board asked the Personnel 
Committee to study current promotional 
policies and practices and to make to 
the Board whatever recommendations it 
felt warrented for inclusion in any pro- 
posed promotional policy for the B,P,L. 
With these recommendations in hand, the 
Executive Board held several conferences 



on this subject with Mr. Gaines, Out of 
these conferences came & tentative pro- 
motional policy. From the beginning, 
there has been agreement between Mr, 
Gaines and the Board on the basic pre- 
mises underlying this new policy. At 
the December 16 meeting of the Board a 
few minor changes were proposed in the 
draft of this policy and sent along to 
the Personnel Office, Since these 
changes seem to be acceptable to Mr, 
Gaines, we are confident that the Direc- 
tor and the Trustees of this Library will 
soon take the action needed to make this 
written promotional policy official, [As 
Chapter TV of the Personnel Manual] 

It should be noted that this pro- 
motional policy is a general statement of 
principles and practices. Its basic 
premise [which your Executive Board 
accepts] is that promotion should be 
based on background, related experience 
and past job performance, here or else- 
where. Essential to this or any good 
promotional policy is the necessity for 
descriptions to cover every job in our 
library, plus a statement of minimum 
qualifications for each job. These 
factors being so necessary, the Executive 
Board wishes God speed to the Personnel 
Office in bringing these job descriptions 
into being as quickly as possible. 

As the process of differentiating be- 
tween LA duties and redefining LA jobs 
continues, your Executive Board is, also, 
firmly convinced that some system of in- 
service training for the LA Service is 
absolutely necessary. Here, too, there 
seems to be no argument, I have, there- 
fore, formally requested that some such 
system be set up in the near future. 

In these, the last President's Notes 
which I shall have the priviledge of 
addressing to you, I would like to ex- 
press my gratitude to several groups of 
people. To the 1963 Executive Board, I 
owe a great deal, both for the amazing 
way in which they turned out for those 
seemingly innumerable Executive Board 
Meetings, and also for their complete 
cooperation in performing the many extra 
tasks, beyond their regular duties, which 
I set before them. Throughout the year, 
I have had occasion to call upon many 
staff members for advice or assistance. 
To these people, one and all, thank you 
for giving so freely of your time despite 
overburdened schedules, A final word, 



President's Notes cont . 

too, about five men whom I have come to 
know better and to respect highly during 
these last twelve months j namely, Mr. 
John Carroll, Mr. John Connolly, Mr, 
Ervin Gaines, Mr. Bradford Hill and Mr. 
Frank Moloney. From each of these men, 
I have received a full measure of confi- 
dence, support and cooperation whenever 
my duties as President of this Associa- 
tion led me to. some problem lying within 
their administrative sphere. 

To the 196h President and Officers of 
the Boston Public Library Staff Associa- 
tion, my best wishes for a happy and pro- 
ductive year. 

. B. GERTRUDE WADE 
President 



-3 - 



PERSONNEL NOTES 



Entered 



Frances E. Spencer - Bookmobiles 
M. Patricia Glancy - Adams Street 

Transferred 

Mary T. Crowe from West Roxbury to 

Jamaica Plain 
Jennie M. Femino from South Boston to 

Mt. Bowdoin 
Myra A. Morse from Mattapan to South End 
Raymond Collins from Book Stack Service 

to Division of Library Operations 
Donald Cilley from Adams Street to Open 

Shelf 

Married 

Cynthia Smith [Music] to Peter A. Fedders, 
December 28, 1963 

Retired 

Julia H. Barry - December 31, 1963 
Mar jorie Maclntire - December 31* 1963 

IN MEMORIUM 

Edward Guess, Custodian in the Buildings 
Department, died January 2, 1961; in the 
Soldiers' Home, Chelsea, after a long 
illness. 

Eddie was employed at the Boston Public 
Library for six years. He was a veteran 



of World War II, and served in the 
European Theatre. Although Eddie was 
shy and retiring by nature, he made many 
friends at the Library and was highly 
thought of by his fellow workers. 

He was buried from the Mission Church, 
Roxbury with a Solemn Requiem Mass, and 
interment was at the New Calvary 
Cemetery. 

Eddie is survived by a brother and two 
sisters in England. 



BOOK REVIEW 

Boulle, Pierre. PLANET OF THE APES. 
N.Y., Vanguard, 1963. $U.S0« 
True to his genius as a storyteller, the 
author of THE TEST, THE BRIDGE OVER THE 
RIVER KWAI and FACE OF A HERO has joined 
the ranks of C.S, Lewis and Aldous 
Huxley in this science-fiction tour de 
force. Briefly it is the story of three 
French scientists of the future who set 
out to explore a planet in the galaxy of 
Betelgeuse. There the learned men find 
a topsy-turvy world where Simius sapiens 
have replaced Homo sapiens as leaders 
and governors of "the people". The 
gorillas constitute the aristocracy, en- 
gage in blood sports, provide the brawn, 
the money, the "know-how." The orangu- 
tans make up the government and the 
bureaucracy; among their ranks will be 
found the "writers of educational books," 
the academicians [here M. Boulle levels 
a finger at the pomposities of L'Acadamie 
Francaise.j The intellectual elite of 
the planetary society is composed of 
chimpanzees and they have provided the 
most of the book's sparkle and gaiety. 
Although this may sound absurd and over- 
drawn, M. Boulle has succeeded in making 
it seem all too logical, even frightening. 

Dedicated S-F fans will need no en- 
couragement to read this; the reader who 
has heretofore resisted all forms of the 
genre will find this delightful book x^ith 
its surprise ending a stimulating intro- 
duction. 

Ed. Note: Several members of the Publica- 
tions Committee have read this book and 
believe it will be one of the outstanding 
books of 1961;. 

■JBHHBHHHBHHHHBHHKHHC-* 



BRANCH uJOTES 



-k- 



iiattapan 



On Sunday, December 15, 19^3 at 5 o 1 
clock in the evening, over thirty people - 
members of iiattapan past and present - 
plus a sprinkling of husbands - surprised 
Theodora Scoff at a dinner given in honor 
of her coming retirement, at the home of 
her dear friend Mrs. Malvina Malouf. The 
secret was well kept, Miss Scoff's two 
sisters and her brother's wife managed to 
join the group in time to welcome the 
guest of honor who was coming, presumably, 
to have a quiet Sunday dinner with her 
lifelong friend. 

It would be impossible to describe the 
luscious food which was prepared by our 
hostess - with kitchen assistance from 
Nura Globus and Sadie Rotondo except to 
say that it was delicious, plentiful and 
loaded with calories. Sarah Richman and 
Irene Mains collaborated on a poetic scrcE 
which was presented to Miss Scoff. The 
piece de resistance was a bouquet of 
dollar bills beautifully executed by Myra 
Morse and presented to the lady of the 
evening. Flash bulb pictures and Polaroid 
films were taken as a lasting memory of 
this tribute. When this reporter and her 
husband left the party after several fun- 
filled hours, Miss Scoff and a group of 
her former girls were still chatting away 
and reminiscing about things which had 
happen-od in the past. 



AUGUSTA RUBENS TEIN 



Faneuil 



JULIA BARRY 

On the first day of this month of Janu- 
ary, Julia Barry of Faneuil will have ter 
rainated forty years of conscientious and 
devoted service to the Boston Public 
Library. 

For thirty-odd years, she has been at 
Faneuil. Everyone loved her, young and 
old. Through the years, the children, 
especially, have been fortunate that 
their first experience at the Registra- 
tion Desk was such a happy one. Unfail- 
ingly kind, she understood people and 
their needs. 

The way she chose to leave was typical 
of her; no party, no fanfare, just an 
ordinary leave-taking on an ordinary day. 



Happily, we were able to persuade her to 
participate in a simple lunch in the Staff 
Room where we wished her well and presented 
her with a purse of money. 

We who have worked with her so many happy 
years are just now beginning to accept the 
fact of her leaving. It has been as though 
she were on vacation and would soon return. 

Young of age and eager of spirit, the 
years that lie ahead should be happy and 
fruitful ones. One can believe truly of 
Julia Barry that 'the best is yet to be. 1 

E. L. 

Roslindale 

Miss Marion Herzig, Branch Librarian, 
Roslindale wishes to thank all of her 
friends for the many kindnesses shown to 
her during her recent illness. 

If the staff of Roslindale seems un- 
usually meiery these days it is because 
their beloved chief, Marion Herzig, is 
well on the way to recovery after a 
serious case of pneumonia. 

******** * * * * * * * * * !fc* ******************** * 

A M A C E 

The worst aberration human society is 
guilty of is the notion of race superi- 
ority, and in our time, what with the 
Nazi slaughter of "inferior "peoples, the 
South African practice of apartheid 
against the vast majority of its citizens, 
and the more hypocritical discrimination 
against Negroes in our own country the 
whole thing has reached ridiculous pro- 
portions, and I decided to do something 
drastic about it. I noticed that the 
initials of the words ALL MEN ARE CREATED 
EQUAL form what almost looks like a word, 
AMAC2, and I wrote to the NEW YORK TIMES 
and to Adlai Stevenson at the United 
Nations urging them to start a campaign 
to have all nations adopt that word as a 
substitute for OK, R.ger, Hello, So Jong, 
Bottoms up, Cheers, Gesundheit, Bien, Can 
Bene, Righto, Auf Wieder«ehen,Da, 
Zdravstvuytye, Hasta 1*. Vista, sure, 
You said jt, and other most popular words 
oxr phrases in all languages* The users 
of this word in common might form a true 
international community, and war become 
obsolete and unthinkable. 



-5'- 



My letters elicited no enthusiasm 
either from the TIMES or Stevenson, I 
thought therefore that we ought to start 
the ball rolling from a more modest 
level - the Boston Public Library. If 
members of the Staff in corridors or 
coffee shop or lounges will begin to use 
the term as they meet on various occasions! 
during the day, who lcriows what momentum 
it might achieve towards solving a very 
great and painful problem in our society? 1 

AMACE 

HARRY ANDREWS 

JHttHHHHHHKWBHBHHHHHfr 

OLD CHRISTMAS CARDS WANTED 

The State School, Wrentham, Mass. has 
issued an appeal for discarded Christ- 
mas cards. Those who wish to donate may 
leave them with Kenneth Barnes in the 
Periodical Room and he will see that they 
get there. 

■jb;-::-:h;-sks-:h;-;hhkkhhkhh«- 

THANK YOU 

The Men's House Committee wish to 
extend their thanks to the Women's House 
Committee for their donations for the 
Men's Christmas Party. We also wish to 
thank the following staff members who 
worked so hard to make the party a 
success : '. 

Joseph A. Lynch 

Edward Maynard 

Robert Kavin ! 

James Monahan 

George Gentile 

Max Anapolle, Chairman ■ 

MISS SCOFF RETIRES 

A luncheon was held on January h \ 

At Tiffany's (Restaurant - not the 5th ! 

Ave. store) ! 
Fifty librarians met to pay homage to 
Theodora Scoff and to bid her adieu 
The luncheon was luscious, the atmosphere 

gay 
The mood was most mellow, reflecting the 

way 



The company felt as they honored their 

guest 
With heartfelt applause, clapping with 

zest 
At the message read aloud by our chief 
Whose own deserved tribute was witty 

and brief 
As he outlined a career of complete 

dedication 
To library service of lengthy duration. 
In gracious acknowledgement, Miss Scoff 

replied, 
She thanked all those present and those 

who had triedj 
She hopes that a new way of life will 

begin 
After a Western vacation to visit her 

kin 
For though she's retiring, she plans to 

be 
Active in work for the community. 
Miss Scoff entered the service as 

library aide 
["Extras" they called them when they 

weren't so well paid J 
Education at B.U., Columbia and then 
Promotion in her twenties to B. Librarian 
[It's no exaggeration for us to state 
Nobody has broken that record to date] 
For years she's been called - wouldn't 

you know? 
Dean of librarians - and deservedly so 
Her knowledge of problems, procedures, 

indeed 
Has made her advice of infinite need. 
She will be missed time out of mind 
A replacement for her won't be easy to 

find 
We wish her god-speed and a well-deserved 

rest 
And may she ever with good health be 

blessed. 

SARAH RTCHMAN 
j bhkkhhhhh:--.hhhhhh;-** 






,. 6 * 



LIBRARIES AND LIBRARIANS 

During the past few years great pro- 
gress has been made in improving library- 
service in the United States. Financial 
aid from both the state and Federal 
governments has been increased, and all 
around the country new buildings are 
being erected, salaries are being 
raised, and library standards are reach- 
ing new heights . 

Perfection has not been achieved in 
these areas, but we are making commend- 
able progress . The general public , as 
well as our legislators, has become more 
aware of the value and importance of 
libraries and of the contributions of 
librarians to our society. 

The librarian is the key to good 
library service, for without him a 
library is just a collection of books, 
which, although they contain valuable 
information, do not accomplish their 
Durpose if they are not made available 
to the right persons at the right time. 

At the beginning of a new year it is 
appropriate that librarians should take 
a good look at themselves and perhaps 
make a few New Year's resolutions. 

Different areas of library service 
demand librarians with different 
abilities, interests, and personal 
traits ; but at any level the librarian 
must possess an awareness and a com- 
prehension of the needs of the public 
ind the willingness and competence to 
meet these needs. But the really 
dedicated librarian gives a little 
more than the job calls for. Such a 
person is the neighborhood librarian 
who takes a group of school children on 
a visit to the zoo — at his own expense — 
after the summer reading program has 
been completed. Another gives his time 
to after hours work with adult groups . 
A third aids an older person who has 
difficulty getting to the local reading 
centre. These people rarely expect and, 
even more rarely, receive public appro- 
bation for these services and kindnesses. 
It is these people who have helped 
eradicate the stereotyped concept of 
the old crone librarian whose principal 
duty is the enforcement of silence. 
But we still have work to do in estab- 
lishing the new public image of the 
modern librarian. There are still 
librarians to whom we can apply the 
comment, originally made about the 



Courtiers who surrounded Loui^ XIV, 
that they have forgotten nothing and 
learnt nothing. Vehemently opposing 
any change, they take as their motto: 
"It has always been done this way. 11 
They are like a monotonous Greek 
chorus chanting "service, service, 
service," which we find very gratify- 
ing until we realize that the service 
referred to is for the librarian and 
not for the public. 

The first group should be encouraged 
in every way possible, and suitable 
recognition given. The second should 
be eliminated. Although it is small, 
it exercises an influence out of all 
proportion to its numbers. It can 
cause chaos in any department or 
library and its effects on morale are 
disastrous. 

Most librarians take a middle course 
emulating the qualities of the first 
group and avoiding those of the other. 
They do their job, usually very well, 
are kind, courteous, and helpful, but 
thev do not read , or at least more 
than necessary for their job. This is 
something like the case of the arm- 
chair football fan. He is quick and 
eager to comment on and criticize the 
players, coaches, and officials even 
though he never actively participated 
in the sport and gained that knowledge 
which can be obtained only by experi- 
ence. 

Let us apply this situation to the 
librarian. He cannot encourage read- 
ing, which after all is the reason for 
the library's (and the librarian's) 
existence if he does not read himself. 
How else can he compare two works on 
the same subject effectly, not super- 
ficially, and how else can he tell a 
■ patron that one is better than the 

other and the reason therefor. Most, 
, but not all, librarians read reviews 
: but they are poor substitute for the 
book. 

Obviously the librarian, with the 
best intentions in the world, could 
not read even a small percentage of 
the books that are published, but it 
is the attitude that is important. 
Unfortunately, reading is often like 
virtue, everyone is for it but nobody 
does anything about it. 

The selection of reading matter is 
also important. The schools formerly 



- 7 - 



Libraries and Librarians cont . 

taught that a librarian need not 
necessarily know very much about a sub- 
ject, but should merely know where to 
find information on it. This is an 
excuse for narrow thinking. The old 
idea that a librarian should be a 
specialist in his field was not a bad 
one. It could be modified to the ex- 
tent that the librarian should know a 
great deal about his own subject, and 
as much as possible about others. 
Again, it is the attitude which is 
important. A librarian who desires 
to be liberally educated , in the correct 
sense of the term --will be. 

The librarian is a very special 
person, needing diverse and highly 
developed talents in order to per- 
form his job properly. He deserves 
the best that the library can give 
him. The patron is also a special 
person, and deserves the best that the 
librarian can give to him. With a 
little work on all sides the flaws can 
be worked out of the system and a little 
more progress made toward the ideal. 

EDWARD MONTANA 

EDNA WOLLENT 

On Friday, January 10th, Edna Wollent 
gave out her last aspirin tablet, her 
last advice on health and was the guest of 
honor at coffee hour held in the staff 
lounge, A great many of the friends whom 
she has acquired over the years by her 
kindness and interest in their welfare, 
far beyond the requirements of duty, were 
on hand to bid her farewell and wish her 
good luck. All were impressed by the most 
suitable presentation speech delivered by 
Mr, Gaines. Mrs, Wollent looked lovely 
and the large orchid corsage she wore was 
very striking, 

Mrs, Uollent's leaving will create a 
void that can never be filled. No one 
person knows all the extra things she has 
done for staff members who came to her 
with personal problems. Many can attest 
to the soundness of her judgement and 
advice, and the sincerity of her concern 
for the welfare of the staff. The good 
she has done by her visits to sick staff 
members can never be measured. 



Mrs. Wollent will be moving soon to 
Utica, New York to be with her son, 
Edward, and her four grandchildren. Again 
we wish her good luck and good health 
and sincerely urge her to visit us when- 
ever she can, 

LIBRARIANS LOOK AT THINGS PAST - 

Pressures from student users of librar- 
ies frequently take these vocal shape st 
M I need a. novel about the ancient Greeks" 
or "What have you got about the Jacks onian 
Era in story form?" Well aware of the 
demands for historical fiction and of the 
absence of comprehensive, up-to-date 
bibliographies geared to high-schoolers, 
the Round Table of Librarians for Young 
Adults are taking a hard look at the 
genre. "Evaluating historical fiction 
for Young People" is the theme for their 
winter meeting at the Wellesley Free 
Library, January l6th at 10:00 A.M. 
Speakers will be Mrs, Helen I, Beavin, 
Reference Librarian at the Boston 
University School of Education Library, 
and Mr. Harold Goodrich, Head of the 
History Department of the Jeremiah E« 
Burke High School, 

INSTANT BOOKLISTS J 

Visitors to the Federal PaviliAn of 
the New York World's Fair will be able 
to press a button and receive an instant 
booklist. Details of this magic are 
not fully available at this time, but it 
can be said that the Boston Public 
Library is sharing in the wonders of new 
technology. The Readers Advisors of the 
Division of Home Reading and Community 
Services are busy preparing special 
subject lists which eventually will come 
forth from a machine at the press of a 
button. 



- 8 - 




CO 



H, 



cz 



Any contribution to the Soap Box must 
be accompanied by the full name of the 
Association member submitting it, together 
with the name of the Branch Library, 
Department or Office in which he or she 
is employed. The name is with-held from 
publication, or a pen name is used, if 
the contributor %o^ requests. Anonymous 
contributions are not given consideration^ 
The author of the article is known only 
to the Editor-in-Chief. The contents of 
the articles appearing in the Soap Box 
are personal opinions expressed by indivi- 
dual Association members and their appear- 
ance does not necessarily indicate that 
the Publications Committee and the Asso- 
ciation are ain agreement with the views 
expressed. Only those contributions not 
containing more than 300 words will be 
accepted. 



To the Soap Box: 

Great credit is due to 
the Administration for the recent ap- 
pointment of additional P3's in several 
Library units. It is a realistic, fair, 
and intelligent solution to an old prob- 
lem which had become particularly acute 
in the Reference Division. Assistants 
eligible by education, special skills, 
examinations, and time could not obtain 



their just promotion if their Depart- 
ment already had a First and Second 
Assistant. They remained frozen in 
their positions until they "we're enticed 
away from us by more sensible offers in 
other libraries. They have all done 
better, but it is too bad that we did 
not find this answer earlier. Several 
members of the Staff had suggested it. 

An important problem has been solved. 
On to some of the hundred others. 

HARRY ANDREWS 

Dear Editor: 

It's time to liquidate the 
mouldering PZ3's. The use of that 
fiction category was dropped by the 
Reference Division many years ago. 
Novels are handled by the Circulation 
Division, and those of some literary 
value, and reprints and new editions of 
classics are classed by the Reference 
Division with the literature they be- 
long to by LC standards. It is a sensi- 
ble enough arrangement, though occasion- 
ally you find a Frances Parkinson Keyes, 
.a Zane Grey, or a John O'Hara cataloged 
as American literature and you wonder 
who makes the decisions. But in general 
it works very well. 

However all the old Stack ii fiction 
has been re cataloged on PZ3 and there 
they remain. Physically the considera- 
tion of space has made it necessary to 
seperate them A through part of G in 
Stack 3 Annex and the rest in the cellar. 
Most of these books have had a great 
deal of use, are mouldy and mildewed, 
and many of those in the cellar damaged 
by water. It is time the whole collec- 
tion of them was examined, some trans- 
ferred to the Circulating Division, 
some placed in the literature collection, 
and most of them destroyed. But the 
job of separation will have to be done 
by a competent committee headed and 
chosen by the two Chiefs of the Book 
Selection Departments, 

There has been extraordinary enthu- 
siasm among some Circulation Division 
people to throw out all sorts of books 
and an extraordinary reluctance among 
Reference Division people to throw out 
anything. In very many cases cheap 
Grosset reprints of popular novels in 
disgraceful physical condition are still . 
kept on PZ3 shelves and. circulated to 
the public, while copies of the same 



- 9 - 



books in good condition and often in the 
original editions have been destroyed in 
the other Division, So dichotomized are 
the two Divisions that no attempt was 
made to get together on this and make a 
sensible combination. It's too late to 
do anything about that now. But some- 
thing can be done about settling this 
question of the lingering PZ3's # 

HARRY ANDREWS 



MRS. MARJORIE KNILLING HONORED 



The atmosphere which pervaded the Red 
Coach Qrill on Wednesday, the fifteenth, 
held nothing of the sadness of farewell, 
even though the luncheon was honoring 
Mrs. Khilling as she retires from the Li- 
brary after ten years of service. With 
a warm friendliness, the guest of honor 
made the rounds of all the tables chatting 
with each of the more than fifty friends 
who were present (and they were from a 
remarkably large percentage of the depart- 
ments in Central Library), radiating a 
feeling of happiness and good cheer which 
was contagious. From the arrival of the 
guest of honor to the group's spontaneous 
rendition of "Margie" (dating some and 
totally unfamiliar to others), all thor- 
oughly enjoyed themselves. 

Louis Polishook, her Chief in Central 
Charging, did a masterly job of spacing 
his appropriate remarks, and of prolong- 
ing the excitement of the gift presenta- 
tion by doing it in two installments. 
The first half was a charm to be added 
to Mrs Knilling's bracelet— on one side of 
which sparkled a diamond; on the other, 
the engraving B.P.L. 1953-1961; . The 
second half was a card containing, in 
addition to the traditional white ribbon 
bearing the names of friends, a sum of 
money which will be used t9 buy luggage 
for a trip to Hawaii, which is on her 
schedule for late spring. 

It was evident that Mrs, Knilling had 
endeared herself to many in her ten years 
in the Library, and that these frjends 
will always remember her special charm, 
her warm friendliness, and her noteworthy 
contribution to Library service. All 
good wishes for success go with her in 
everything she undertakes! 




in 



uestion 




THE BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 



APRIL 1964 



V 



THE QUESTION MARK 
Published by the Boston Public Library Staff Association 
Volume XIX Number h April 196It 



Publications Committee; 



Publication date: 
The fifteenth of each month 



Michael Arnold ; Jean Babcock; Barbara Bachrach; 
Jane Manthorne; Sheila Stevens; Mrs. Bridie 
Stotz; George Scully, Cartoonistj Sarah Usher, 
Indexer; Edward J. Montana, Jr., Chairman. 

Deadline for submitting material: 
The tenth of each month 



National Library Week is causing a great deal of excitement this year. On 
billboards, in street cars, even on the pages of a TV magazine you will see one 
or the other of the slogans for 1°6U. The first is READING IS THE KEY with a 
colorful reproduction of that symbol; the second shows a young boy and a book, 
with the caption, I AM WHAT I KNOW. 

These slogans illustrate two ideas. The most obvious is that reading, and 
by extension, libraries, is an essential part of everyone's life, whether done 
for business or pleasure, or more usually, for both. 

The other idea follows from the first. If reading is the key (to the 
knowledge that makes a person what he is, to understanding, or whatever), it is 
the librarian who guides the hand, young or old, that turns the key. And what 
an awesome responsibility this is. For a great deal of what happens once the 
door is opened depends on the librarian. Will the youngster read Golding, or 
will he turn to trash? Will the elderly person try to improve his mind, or just 
to pass the time as painlessly as possible? 

This responsibility and its acceptance make librarianship a profession. 
Without this acceptance, such work is only a trade, and the librarian a hack. 

Spasmodic bursts of feverish activity are not the sign of a 'good' librarian. 
Hurried straightening of chairs, moving of coats, making sure that no one uses call 
slips for scrap paper, and generally causing mayhem has never helped service or 
improved a patron's mind (and that after all is what a library is for). Rather 
they are generally the signs of a complete lack of purpose and direction. This 
same "librarian" is usually the one who will tell a patron to look up something 
in the catalog himself because he is too busy. Being busy, it seems, covers a 
multitude of sins, never mind whether the business is library-directed or not. 

No, good librarianship is a quiet, constant thing, involving the leading of 
a patron, by the hand if necessary, to the catalogue or the indexes, and repeating, 
sometimes over and over again, the proper procedure. Remarkably, many patrons 
do not understand what we librarians consider the simplest, clearest instructions, 
but.... Good librarianship also means that the librarian must be well informed. 
For example, he must be able to tell the patron that Galsworthy is dead, and 
therefore his biography will be found in one place, and that Updike is alive, and 
information about him must be sought somewhere else. Above all it means being 
courteous, and willing to take an active interest in the patron's problems. 



~ 2 - 



All of this sounds like a large order in these days of overcrowded and 
somewhat understaffed libraries. But the solution here is the same as elsewhere- 
the librarian must do the best he can, and as long as it is the best, the Z±£t 
of professionalism will be satisfied. "mm. 

THE PUBLICATIONS COMMITTEE 
PRESIDENT T S NOTES 



The Executive Board, with Mrs, 
Conley of the Personnel Committee, in 
attendance, recently met with Mr. 
Gaines, One of the topics under dis- 
cussion was the library's health 
program which is to take the place of 
the nursing service no longer available 
since the retirement of Mrs. Wbllent. 
Administrative notice #27 has since 
been distributed to all units of the 
library. 

The Board also discussed the pos- 
sibility of a salary increase for 
members of the LA service. We feel 
that the present scale is out of date 
and should be readjusted, I hope to 
have more definite information 
available in the near future. 

The need for the establishment of 
an in-service training program for 
LAs and the need for an orientation 
program for all new employees was also 
discussed. Mr. Gaines made the point, 
and the Board agrees, that staff 
members who lack certain basic skills, 
typing, shorthand, etc., can obtain 
them by taking advantage of the Adult 
Education programs which are made 
available at many institutions at a 
nominal fee. The Board pointed out 
that there was a great need to 
provide information on the new, correct, 
and uniform methods of procedures in 
the library. The necessity of making 
employees aware of the functions of 
every department in the BPL was also 
touched upon. This would give staff 
members an opportunity to transfer, 
.when a vacancy occurs, to other 
departments in which they might have 
an interest or for which they might 
be better suited. Such a program 
could work both ways: it would 






increase the efficiency of the 

employee and his value to the institution 

and it would give the employee a 

sense of belonging and a sense of 

loyalty to the library. Another 

important factor which was discussed 

was the need to x'e-write and bring 

up to date a procedures manual. 

Mr. Gaines suggested that perhaps, 

in time, the library might establish 

a position of Training Coordinator 

but that it would take time and money 

to study the problem and to set up a 

program. 

The question of the publication of 
job description sheets was brought 
up. The Board feels that they should 
be made available as soon as possible. 
Mr. Gaines said that he had been un- 
able to do so because of a heavy work 
load and a shortage of staff but 
that he would make the information 
available to Department Heads if there 
is a need. 

Our thanks to all the enthusiastic 
contributors to the Bazaar..... but 
don*t forget to come to Camelot on 
Friday, April 2k III 

MARY T. CROWE 
President 

PERSONNEL NOTES 

Entered : 

Bethany Tudor - Fine Arts 

Mrs. Margaret S. Scarpa - East Boston 

Ellen J. Barton - Cat. & Class. - 

HR&CS 
Ronald A. Brewington - Book Stack 

Service 



-3 - 



William Herlihy - Book Stack Service 

Harry E. Arnold - Open Shelf 

Joan Morris - Science & Tech. - former 

employee 
Claire E. Ahern «■ Cat. & Class. - Ref. 
Frederick D. Hill - Book Stack Service 
Denise M. Barry - CCR 
Bernard Hrul - Book Stack Service - 

former employee 

En tered Military Service 

Thomas J. Saunders - Book Stack Service 

Transferred 

J. Theresa O'Conner from History Dept. 

to Faneuil 
James M. McNiff from Book Stack Service 

to Exhibits Office 

Resigned 

Geraldine Cudmore - Cat. & Class. - 

HR'CS - another position 
Jon Lawton - Open Shelf - another 

position 
Judean Langone - Brighton - resigned 
John J. Donovan - Per & Newspaper - 

resigned 
William Salvia - Book Stack Service - 

resigned. 

THIS WONDERFUL WORLD OF RESEARCH 

On March 2li, 196U, Mr. Bradford M. 
Hill, Acting Chief Librarian for 
Reference and Research Services, gave a 
talk entitled, "This Wonderful World 
of Research" to the Women's Club of 
the City of Boston, on the research 
facilities of the Boston Public 
Library. 

The Boston Public Library is one 
of two public libraries that are 
members of the Association of Research 
Libraries. Its special collections 
is an important factor in certain 
fields of research. 
For Example : 

The Tichnor Library of Spanish 
and Portuguese language and 
literature is nationally known 
and is consulted by scholars 
working in this field. This was 
the gift of George Tichnor, 



former Professor of Romance 
Languages at Harvard and a member 
of the first Board of Trustees 
of the BPL. 

The Barton Library contains one 
of the best collections of 
Shake speriana outside the Folger 
Library in Washington. 

The Prince Library, the personal 
library of the Rev. Thomas Prince, 
pastor of the Old South Church, 
is exceedingly rich in rare books 
relating to the history of New 
England before 17£8, and includes 
the Bay Ps alm Book and Eliot's 
Indian Bible . 

The Adams Library, the personal 
library of President John Adams, 
is of interest because it preserves 
in a single collection the private 
library of a great statesman. 

The Allen A. Brown Music Library- 
is one of the most important 
gift of books that the Library 
ever received and is inter- 
nationally known. 

The Galatea Collection, the gift 
of Col. Thomas Hig t inson, is 
of particular interest to the 
ladies as it is a collection 
relating to the history of women 
and contains many unique items. 

Bibliographies are an important 
component in any research library. 
General bibliographies such as that of 
the British Museum, La Bibliotheque 
Nationale, and the Library of Congress 
are as important as single bibliographies 
on a single person or subject. The 
Boston Public Library has thousands 
of the latter. 

However, it is the serial pub- 
lications that form the basic collection 
of a research library for these contain 
original source materials that cannot 
be found elsewhere. The Proceedings 
and Transactions of Societies form 
a considerable part of the serial 
publications at the Boston Public 
Library. 



f 



The place of periodicals and 
encyclopedias was also stressed. The 
Boston Public Library is particularly 
rich in periodicals in French and 
German as well as in English covering 
the humanities of the l8th and 19th 
Centuries. Such encyclopedias as the 
Fn syclopedia Italiana ; the Enciclopedia 
U-.'-. r-ersal Ilustrada , the famous 
i'u." strated Spanish encyclopedia in 
93 volumes; Der Grosse Brockhaus; and 
la G rande Encyclopedia , are the base of 
"an""" encyclopedic research collection. 

The audience was very attentive 
and interested and asked many pertinent 
questions following the talk. 
Coffee was served before the meeting 
and a luncheon followed. 

WHHHttHHHHHH«HHttMHttHHHHH«HHH«HHttHHH«HHt 

ARTHUR W. MULLONEY 

Mr. Arthur W. Mulloney, Reference 
Librarian of the Government Documents 
and Social Sciences Department has 
retired from the BPL after 33 years 
of service. He did not quite duplicate 
the record of his father, William J. 
Mulloney, who had 5U years of service 
at the time of his retirement. How- 
ever, in quality, it was the same kind 
of high service - a dedication to the 
best ideals of the library profession. 
Quietly and minus fanfare the library 
lost a most important member of its 
staff. 

It is said that everyone is re- 
placeable and that the work continues. 
There are times when this becomes a 
saying only, and replacsability in 
quality and personality becomes a 
difficult matter. The loss of a 
specialist particularly suited by 
manner and interest to work with the 
public is not a minor matter. 
Librarianship depends primarily on 
knowledge plus interest in each and 
everyone's search for knowledge. 
Mr. Mulloney had a rare blending 
of the two. 

During World War II Mr. Mulloney 
left us for three years. He served 
in India and China as a radio 
operator in the Air Transport Command. 



Flying the "Hump" on planes that barely 
skimmed the mountains and becoming 
involved with and surrounded by 
jungles while on land was a far cry 
from his normal environment. 
Although naturally reticent, we would 
now and then prevail upon him to tell 
us of some of his adventures. To 
say that they were interesting, 
exciting and hazardous is to put 
mildly the effect they had on listeners 
- especially the library aides who 
were always enthralled. During these 
campaigns, Arthur collected the Air 
Medal with Clusters and the Dis- 
tinguished Flying Cross with Clusters. 

The staff of the Government 
Documents and Social Sciences Department 
with three former members of the 
staff tendered a luncheon for Mr. 
Mulloney at Joseph's Restaurant on 
March l8th e It was particularly 
enjoyable as it was not only a time 
for reminiscences but of plans for 
the future as this is just the 
beginning of some special one for 
Arthur. We wish they all come true. 

M. F. D. 

Sunset 
The setting sun with its light 
Obscures everything 
In its final glare and glimmer. 
Night creeps up 

To scare some child not asleep. 
The wind chilled and tired 
Rushes home 
To a comfortable bed. 
Everyone keeps to himself, 
g m a cumming 

i 



-5- 



COMMITTEE MEMBERSHIP 



Constitution Committee: 
Louis Polishock 
Gerald Ball 
Martin F. Waters 
B. Gertrude Wade 
William R. Lewis, Chairman 

House Committee for Men: 
Thomas J. Manning 
Robert Schleehauf 
Michael Venezia 
Francis Cox, Chairman 

Legislative and Legal Matters: 
Louis Polishock 

Personnel Committee: 
Grace Marvin 
Josephine Kelley 
Harold Brackett 
Brenda Hemingway 
Corinne Henderson 
Sheila P. Stevens 
Ruth Marshall 
Helen Harrington 
Lillian Gallagher 
Elinor D. Conley, Chairman 

Special Services Committee: 
Patricia Neth 
Doris E. Gray 
William R. Lewis 
Mary E* Obear, Chairman 

Nominating Committee: 
Mary Curado 
James Ford 
B. Joseph O'Neil 
Olive Partridge 
Eleanor Conley 
Max Anapolle, Chairman 

Hartzell Mem: Lecture Committee: 
Rose Moorachian 
Ruth Hayes 
B. Joseph O'Neil 
Jane Manthorne 
Grace Marvin 
Bridie Stotz, Chairman 



House Committee for Women: 
Jean Babcock 
Josephine Conroy 
Marion McCarthy 
Dorothea Morgan 
Barbara Feeley, Chairman 

Membership & Hospitality Committee: 
Mary V. Curado 
Jennie Femino 
May G. Langton 
Margaret E. Lewis 
Helen Rothwell 
Isabel Martino, Chairman 

Program Committee: 
Geraldine Altman 
Margaret Hoare 
Euclid Peltier 
Sadie Rotonao 
William Ward 
Lana Mayberry, Chairman 

Care Committee: 
Anne Dray 
Marie Casbman 
Rhoda Blacker 
Selma Horwitz, Chairman 

SORT Committee: 

B. Joseph O'Neil 

Concession Conmittee: 
Dorothea Norman 
Margaret .uyons 
Ruth Foley 
Frank Cox 
Claire 'Toole, Chairman 

Entertainment Committee: 
Jeanne Hayes 
Eleanor Halligan 
Bertha Keswick 
Sheila Stevens 
Barbara Doran 
Regina Cotter 
Marie Quinn 
Jean Babcock, Chairman 



SOCIAL NOTES 

Announcement is made of the engagement 
of Lana Marion Mayberry to David 
Wesley Reed. Miss Mayberry is a Pre- 
Professional Assistant in the Adult 
Services office of the Home Reading 
Division. She is studying for her 
Master's degree at Simmons College, 
School of Library Science. Mr. Reed 
is a candidate for a Doctor of 
Science degree at M.I.T. The wedding 
will take place on Saturday afternoon 3 
June 20, in their home town of 
Pittsburgh. 



■JHC-M- 



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-K-SBf 



On Thursday, March 19, the Red Coach 
Grille was the gala setting for a 
festive send-off to Mrs. Helene Fisher 
(better known by most BPLer's as 
Rusty), of the Personnel Office. 
Needless to say the guest of honor 
was both surprised and overwhelmed 
at the tremendous assemblage in her 
honor. The presence of her charming 
mother at the head table was also a 
pleasant and quite unexpected surprise. 
In between succulent courses Mr. 
Gaines, very eloquently, presented 
her with a money bouquet along with 
the best wishes of all her co-workers. 
Rusty had been with the BPL for over 
five years and as we all know was 
always ready and willing to answer 
the many questions pertinent to 
personnel policies which have arisen 
in that time. She will certainly 
be missed by all, but we know she will 
be much happier in her role of mother 
and thus we bid her a fond adieu, 
and all hope her expected heir will 
be blessed with its mother's 
russett locks. 



•jbbj- 



-jbh:- 



■SHBi- 



**# 



The Committee and Chairman of CARE 
wish to thank the Departments and 
Branches for their contributions 
amounting to '"'100.1*0 for this worthy 
cause . 

Anne Dray 

Mary Cashman 

Rhoda Blacker 

Selma C. Horwitz, Chairman 



The staff of the East Boston Branch 
are proud to announce that John 
Barravecchio, a senior at Boston Latin 
School and a library aide at East 
Boston, has been the recipient of 
an $1800 scholarship to Rensselaer 
Polytechnic Institute of Troy, New 
York. Besides working as a part- 
time employee at East Boston, John 
finds time to remain second in his 
class at Boys' Latin and also to 
work as a volunteer at the Children's 
Hospital Blood Bank. He is a member 
of the Key Club and the National 
Honor Society at Boston Latin 
School . 



-*#•* 



-K-K-B- 



#** 



#■«# 



Miss Rita Desaulniers was hostess 
to the Business Branch staff at a 
party held at the Desaulniers 
mansion in Dorchester on April 2. 
Guests of honor were Miss Jeanne 
Fitzgerald of the Business Branch, 
and Paul McGerigle, formerly of the 
Business Branch and now with the 
Massachusetts Dept. of Administration 
and Finance. The couple are to be 
married on April 25. 

As the one and only romance to 
have its beginnings on City Hall 
Avenue, this was a particularly happy 
occasion for all concerned. 

Miss Desaulniers served a delicious 
ham buffet, and there was an approp- 
riately decorated cake. 

The bride-to-be was presented 
with the practical, if unsentimental, 
gift of a steam iron and left-handed 
ironing board. 

Background music was provided by 
four or five pianists, who were 
discovered among the guests. 

The wedding will take place on 
April 25 at the Sacred Heart Church 
in Water town. 



7 



CURRENT EVENTS 



Attending the meeting of the 
Bibliographical Society of America at 
the new Beinecke Library of Rare Books 
and Manuscripts at Yale University on 
April 3 and h were John Alden and Ellen 
Oldham of this Library's Rare Book 
Department. The two had an opportunity 
to examine and admire the spectacular 
award -winning building, especially 
designed for the scientific care of 
rare book materials. Among the 
speakers at the meeting were 
William A. Jackson, head of the Houghton 
Library at Harvard, and John Sparrow, 
Warden of All Souls' College at 
Oxford. In attendance were many of 
the leading figures in the rare book 
world, as well as Sir Frank and Lady 
Francis of the British Museum. 

At the beginning of his lecture 
Mr. Jackson, on behalf of Harvard, 
presented to Yale a copy of the first 
American edition of Lawrence Sterne's 
Sentimental Journey , printed at Boston 
in 1768 without indication of place 
or printer. In this the Boston Public 
Library had a small part, for it was 
John Alden who in the course of his 
research identified this edition for 
what it is, thus making it a fitting 
gift to Yale. 



•SHHS- 



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■5HJ-* 



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BOOK AND AUTHOR LUNCHEON 

The 5th annual Book and Author 
Luncheon sponsored by the Boston 
Chapter of the Women's National Book 
Association (WNBA) and the Boston 
Herald-Traveler was held Monday, April 
13 in the Ball Room of the Statler- 
Hilton Hotel. An informal cocktail - 
meet-the-authors hour in the Tudor 
Room preceded the luncheon. Promptly 
at 12:30 Mary K. Harmon, President 
of the Boston Chapter WNBA and Juvenile 
Editor of Houghton Mifflin Company, 
welcomed the 6U0 guests. As usual, 
the gay spring hats, relieved here and 
there by the unadorned head of the male 
of the species, provided the right tone 



of springtime festivity to the occasion. 
Following the delicious luncheon, 
topped off by the Sta tier's world- 
famous ice cream pie and strawberry 
sauce, the President called the 
assembly to order (no small task). 
She graciously thanked all those 
who had worked so hard and contributed 
so generously to make the luncheon 
a success, especially "the help" in 
the Promotion Department of the 
Herald-Tra '- aler , 

She then introduced the head 
table guests, the four representatives 
of the publishing firms who had so 
generously made it possible for 
the four authors to be at the 
luncheon. They were Isabell Holland 
(J.B. Lippincott), Paul Brooks 
(Houghton Mifflin), John Gregg 
(Doubleday), and Arthur H. Thornhill, 
Jr. (Little, Brown). Mrs. Endicott 
Peabody, First Lady of the 
Commonwealth and Honorary Chairman 
of Massachusetts State National 
Library Week, who was to have 
graced the head table, and to have 
brought the greeting of the Common- 
wealth, at the last minute was unable 
to attend due to the illness of 
one of her children. She dropped 
by to bring her regrets and greet 
the authors during the cocktail hour. 

Miss Harmon then turned the 
program over to Mrs. Alice Dixon 
Bond, Literary Editor of The Herald . 
Mrs. Bond as Mistress of Ceremonies 
with her usual graciousness introduced 
the guest authors. The first speaker 
was Mrs. Lail Wertenbaker, author of 
the current best seller, THE EYE OF 
THE LION. Mrs. Wertenbaker set the 
right tone with her charm and combination 
of wit and wisdom. When Mrs. Bond 
introduced the next author, it was 
easy to realize her pride, for Harold 
Bond, author of RETURN TO CASSINO 
is Mrs. Bond's son. He is currently 
Head of the English Department at 
Dartmouth College. His book is the 
vivid record of his return to Italy, 
a year ago, where he shared with his 



wife and four young daughters his 
experiences in that country during 
World War II. His remarks brought 
into the Statler-HiJ ton Ballroom a vivid 
sense of what it was like to be a par- 
ticipant in the march on Rome in 19kh 
- and what it meant to come through such 
an experience and return to his native 
land. Professor Bond's moving account 
was counter-balanced by the scintillating 
remarks of Marya Marines as she recalled 
her writing career from the age of five, 
to h^r forthcoming book, BUT WILL IT 
SELL?. The program was concluded by 
Vincent Sheean, author of the popular 
DOROTHY AND RED, and ended another 
successful Book and Author Luncheon 
became history. 



EDNA G. PECK 



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GOVERNOR'S CONFERENCE 

The Third Governor's Conference on 
Libraries took place on April 16 in 
the Main Ballroom of the Sheraton 
Plaza Hotel in Boston. 

After the invocation by the Right 
Reverend Edward G. Murray, President, 
Board of Trustees;, BPL, and a short 
address by Governor Peabody, Richard 
J. Sullivan, Chairman, Board of 
Library Commissioners, told the 
audience that the contract for the 
Eastern Region would be signed with 
the Boston Public Library soon, and 
that regional service should begin 
by July 1, 196U. He emphasized the 
fact that service would begin 
gradually, and would pass through 
various phases before being completely 
implemented. 

The Dorothy Canfield Fisher award 
of the Book-of-the-Month Club was 
presented to the Avon Public Library, 
and to its Director, Arthur V, 
Curley. Mr, Curley was formerly a 
member of the BPL's Open Shelf 
Department. The award, one of nine, 
was a check for $1000 to be used for the 
purchase of books, and was in recognition 
of improvements made in library 
services. 

The keynote speaker was Dr. 
Benjamin C. Willis, General Super- 
intendent of Schools, Chicago, 



Illinois. Dr« Willis spoke 6f the 
triple role of the library as 
trustee of the intellectual character 
of the future j as educator of all 
people, and on all subjects from 
knitting to political science; and 
as* the guide in the recreative life 
of man: with more leisure should 
come more cultivation. 

The members of the large audience 
had the opportunity to talk with 
friends and to enjoy a pleasant meal 
(at least it wasn't chicken). 

EMILY DICKINSON REVISITED 

Readers of the Oil (see p. 5, Sept. 
1962) will be pleased to learn that the 
Library's collection of Emily Dickinson 
letters is no longer "meanly housed" 
in a dilapidated cardboard box "that 
once must have held shoes or envelopes." 
The Barcroft Bindery has recently 
provided a handsome case of grey cloth, 
with a blue Nigerian goatskin spine 
titled with letters in gold. 

ANNA J. SCANLAN 

Too Much 
Too much is past 
Beyond repair. 
Too much is done 
Without result. 
Too much is said 
And gone undone. 

g m a cumming 



- 9 - 



CONGRATULATIONS 



To Ervin J. Gaines, Assistant 
Director for Personnel, BPL, on his 
appointment as Director of the 
Minneapolis Public Library. We wish 
him good luck and every success in his 
new position. 

HAVE YOU SEEN ... 

...the Rand-McNally ad for National 
Library Week which appeared, among 
other places, in Time , p. 8$, 
April 177 Take a look and compare it 
to those spread on walls and doors 
around this building. (We couldn't 
help it, that's what they sent us). 
They took the slogan, which is from 
James Russell Lowell and perfectly 
respectable, "Reading is the Key", 
enlarged the letters and put them 
above and below a big gold key. 
Wasn't that clever? Such originality] 
Who is responsible? Give him a 
scholarship, put him under contract. 
We can't allow such talent to 
escape! 

Come on, ALA, let's get on the 
ball. You'll never lure anyone 
into a library with that old, tired 
symbol. 



•5KBJ- 



-SBBf 



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■5BBS- 



i..the new pamphlet, MUSIC 
DEPARTMENT: A GUIDE, ? and a very 
attractive brochure it is. Besides 
being very informative, it is the 
latest effort to jazz up (if you 
will pardon the expression) the 
Library's publications. Con- 
gratulations and more power to the 
officials responsible, to Mrs. 
Bleeker'and her staff, and to George 
Scully (Exhibits) who drew the 
design. A wonderful job] 



..'•.-TJT- 



if 



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-::-»-* 



-:wHi- 



...the pamphlet, SERVING OUR 
STUDENTS: GUIDELINES FOR TEA'CHERS i 
AND LIBRARIANS ON STUDENT USE OF THE I 
BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY. This is a 



very important (and well-prepared) 
document which sets forth the attitude of 
the BPL toward the students and their 
problems. While maintaining that the 
student and the teacher must share a part 
of the responsibility for good library 
service (e.g. by not mutilating materials, 
or by not assigning the same topic to very 
large groups), it is realized that the 
major part of the task is the libra- 
rian's. 

Furthermore, the Library will do 
everything it can to ensure that the 
student is satisfied. A quick reading 
will al^rt the staff member to the / 
specifics of the problem and tell*'' 
him what he is expected to do. 

NIGHT-WALK 

The dark night 

Has settled upon its mattress 
Sighing 

As its tired body 
Falls upon the feathery softness. 
Each street-light 
Stirs and awakens 
Blinking and finally 
Wide -Awake 
Glaring 

At. each passing figure. 
, ■■ The wind .. , ., '-'" 

Quietly walks about 
Staring at the sky and the stars 
Humming to itself. 
The great stretches 
Of green grass ' - -' .iat-tw 

Turn grey-black 
A huge carpet 
Stained 

By some muddy rain. . ■. • 

The bright buses • • lb 
Run past, crying '■■<.,- 

And afraid to stop. 
The dark cars * ' * 
With their piercing eyes 
Hurriedly 
Flee past 

.Searching for something ' : 
Lost during the day. ■;..•'■. 
*The tall trees 
Calmly watch 
And are contented 
To be left out. 

g. m. a. cumming 



- 10 




SOAR BOX 
i i l 1 i 



Any contribution to the Soap Box 
must be accompanied by the full name 
of the Association member submitting it, 
together with the name of the Branch 
Library, Department or Office in which 
he or she is employed* The name is 
withheld from publication, or a pen 
name is used, if the contributor so 
requests. Anonymous contributions are 
not given consideration. The author of 
the article is known only to the 
Editor-in-Chief,, The contents of the 
articles appearing in the Soap Box 
are personal •pinions expressed by 
individual Associativa members and 
their appearanoe does not necessarily 
indicate that the Publications 
Committee and the Association are in 
agreement with the views expressed* 
Only those contributions not containing 
more than. 300 words will be accf pted 4 

-a-tt-*»*ttftfr)H m X K K H MjM X M -?BHHHHHHHHBB8Htttti-tt*- 



Editor 
Question Mark: 

For many years it has been 
an accepted fact that promotions in the 
Reference and Research Services were 
few and far between. Unless a department 
had a certain number of persons, only 
two titular positions were assigned. 
Ironically the more specialized areas 
often had the least staff members. 
The status of the library as a research 
center more often than not rested on the 
shoulders of these specialists who 
were denied recognition under the 
numbers system, 

I would like to suggest 
that more Reference Librarian or P3 
positions be established. In subject 
areas where the library has an extensive 
or important collection a specialist 
should be assigned with the proper 
rating. For instance, there should be 
a Reference Librarian-History as well 
as a Reference Librarian-Genealogy, a 
Reference Librarian-Newspapers, as well 
as a Reference Librarian-Periodicals, 
and a Reference Librarian-Social Sciences, 
as well as a Reference Librarian- 
Government Documents, I could mention 
a dozen more, especially in those 
subject fields where it is planned to 
set pp separate subject or area depart- 
ments. Effort has been put forward 
to attract people by higher starting 
salaries. It would seem even more 
important to hold the most able. The 
incentive needed might be opportunities 
for specialization and promotion 
within the service. We could very 
well use the services of at least 12 
more such P3's immediately for the 
accelerated ordering program which 
would be the result of state aid money + 

Sincerely 
M, F # Daly 



To the Soap Box: 

Is there going to be anyt% 
thing done about our Coffee Shop when the 
annex is no more? Many of our staff 
members have come to depend on this 



-11- 



shop when working at odd hours or when 
on the one-to-nine shift. We sincerely 
hope that suitable arrangments are 
being considered for a new Coffee Shop 
in our new building. 

Hungry 

^hhhhbb:-ms«««bbh«- *hhhhhhhkhhbhhbhhh*#*hhh<- 

Soap Box: 

"Fifty million times a day, at 
home, at work, or on the way, there's 
nothing like a Coca-Cola, nothing like 
a Coke". Remember that ad from a few 
years back? Disregarding the plug for 
one of our national institutions, let's 
turn to the first phrase — -50,000,000 
times a day —and see if it, too, 
cannot justly be applied to much of 
what the librarians, PP's, LA's, and 
Junior LA's do, and— ^unnecessarily? 
Why are they forced to spend so much 
time with the trivia of slip shuffling 
and re-shuffling, alphabetizing and 
re-alphabetizing} endless repetitions 
of directions as to procedures; 
answering equally endless requests for 
the location of various departments, or 
public telephones, or rest rooms? 

Are the slips so vital as to 
necessitate being handled four, five, 
more times? Could not more direction 
and location placards be openly, visibly 
distributed, and attention brought to 
them (whether by means of gaudy neon 
lights, firecrackers, Hollywood style 
searchlights, or more 'sophisticated' 
techniques)? 

Could not a schematic map or 
outline of the library be drawn up and 
made readily available? Could not 
clear, concise procedural brochures, 
pamphlets, folders, or better yet, 
leaflets be printed, and distributed as 
a matter of course to each patron who 
approaches an open desk with a 
directional problem? 

If these admittedly relatively 
insignificant annoyances could even 
partially be alleviated, would not 
genuine service be improved in 
an equal, opposing degree? 

Patience-tearing-trivia: if 
we can't kill it at one blow, let's at 
least try to force its eventual retreat, 
one step at a time, 

Mischa 



Dear Editor: 

The BPL indoctrination 
handbook, 1?62, distributed by Personnel, 
says on the dress of male staff mfc&berss 
" Dress - Members of the staff are 
expected to present a neat appearance 
and be appropriately dressed when on 
duty. 

It is difficult to specify precisely 
the clothing to be worn, but in general 
the following rules should be observed 
for staff members serving in open 
departments or in public corridors. 
Men - Should wear conservative shirts 
with neckties properly in place. 
Trousers should be neat and of quality 
acceptable on conservative social 
occasions. Coats are optional (under— 
lining added). 

Wom en - ,.„exteme styles, colors and 
manner of dress are to be avoided. 
Employees doing heavy work like cleaning, 
carrying or shelving books may wear 
clothing appropriate to the task," 

I applauded this statement when it 
appeared because of its reasonable 
approach, I was particularly dismayed 
when G.A.N. 196U-no. 30, Attire in 
Public Department s, appeared with the 
statement, ""Recently there has been a 
tendency for some men to appear in 
public departments without coats, They 
are requested to resume the wearing 
of coats at once (except when performing 
work that is especially heavy)." 

Why this abrupt departure from the 
indoctrination handbook statement? 

Certainly a clean conservative shirt 
is not inconsistent with a neat 
appearance and appropriate dress. 

With the approach of the warm weather 
many men on the staff are going to be 
extremely uncomfortable if required 
to wear coats while on duty. Customs 
have changed. No longer is a coat 
required to present a dignified neat 
appearance. The white summer dress 
uniform for Navy CPO's and officers is 
coatless, uses a short-sleeved shirt. 
The summer uniform of the Boston Police 
is likewise coatless. The trend is 
toward light-weight, comfortable clothing. 

Please, cannot the edict on men's 
coats be reconsidered? 

NO AIR CONDITIONING 



• 12 - 



m 



0*0 ft 



WfLCO^E 



>Vk 



i/U/i f/te ILditoX* 



COFFEE SHOPPE 

The demolition of the Annex 
is about one year away, and it is 
still too early to tell what is 
going to be done. No decision has 
been made at the present time. 
As for eating facilities in the new 
building, the architect's plans have 
not been prepared as yet, and 
therefore nothing definite can be 
stated at this time. 

DIVISION OF LIBRARY OPERATIONS 



■JBBBfr* 



*3HHf# 



•JBHHHfr 



QUO VADIS? 

The Exhibits Office has prepared 
a set of floor plans of the central 
library building showing all important 
public departments and certain 
other areas; there are shortly to be 



available in mimeograph form. They 
will serve to help in the orientation 
of new staff members and will be 
useful to the departments in pro- 
viding directional information to 
the public. 

More important will be the 
execution of a program now being plan- 
ed by the Division of Information 
with the library's consulting 
Architect, This involves the in- 
stallation of floor-plan directories, 
illuminated signs, signs designating 
departments (wherever feasible), 
and public notice-boards. 

It is recognized that there is a 
great need for the installation of 
directional aids in the building. 
The architect has been asked to 
expedite his part of the planning of 
the installations. 

DIVISION OF INFORMATION 



■5HHHHS- 



HH X KK 



hJttf* 



QUO VADIS? (2) 

Pamphlets describing resources 
and giving general directions have 
already been prepared for the Education 
and Music departments. More are 
forthcoming and eventually the 
entire Division will be covered. 

u 

DIVISION OF REFERENCE AND RESEARCH 
SERVICES 



■JHBKC-K- 



-IKHHf-a- 



3HHHH* 



TOO MUCH PAPERWORK? 

Certain statistical information is 
needed, and it is hoped that this is 
being gathered as efficiently as 
possible. Any useful suggestions are 
always welcome. 

Also, the Council on Book Delivery 
Service has recommended that the 
"books out" indicator record in Bates 
Hall be discontinued. If it is 
possible to implement this suggestion, 
there should be an appreciable decrease 
in the amount of paper work now being 
done. 

DIVISION OF REFERENCE AMD RESEARCH 
SERVICES 



-13 - 



MORE P3'S? 

The Division has already added .lore 
P3's in the General Reference, and 
Cataloguing and Classification 
Departments, and in the Kirstein 
Business Branch. This was done for 
various specific reasons, e.g. 
KBB has three floors, each devoted 
to a different aspect of the branch's 
work. In General Reference it was 
necessary because this department also 
buys for the Language and Literature, 
and Religion, Philosophy and Psychology 
Departments. 

Furthermore, a study is being 
made of the feasibility of appointing 
more P3's in other subject fields. 

DIVISION OF REFERENCE AND RESEARCH 
SERVICES 



***** 



*/OfV /\W 



***** 



LIBitARY DRESS 

G.A.N. 196U - no. 30: "Attire in 
Public Departments" supersedes the 
paragraph on page thirty-nine of 
the indoctrination handbook, 
WELCOME TO THE BOSTON PUBLIC 
LIBRARY (1962). Some relaxation 
in hot weather may be expected, 

DIVISION OF PERSONNEL 

**************^HttHH^*****SHHH^ 



n 



i\ 



\ 



H 



A I A 

! 1 L. /A 



\ 



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cz 




A 



A 



C~R L A 







IN CAMELOT - IN CAHELOT - IN CAMELOT - IN CAMELOT 





"It's true, 0i it's true, the crown has made ^Lt clear #0 , 
there's simply not a more congenial spot f'br happy 
ever-aftering than here in Camelot, in Camelot" 

ls30 Pcm, 

Everyone will "smile in secret delight" when they hear 
the folk music of Ray, Joe' and Lloyd . 

Come be young before you-jreold and hear Susan Gill sing 
"Camelot" followed by Lee Meissner, folic singer and 
guitarist. 



£:35.P. 



m. 



It's time for every frivolous whim but take time to 
hear Mary Walsh and Carmela Auf iero as <jfefc*f sing 
musical selections and to hear Mrs. Ruth Bleecker 
and Natalie Palme play the recorder. 



COME ONE I COME ALL I 



Accompanied by ANGELO MAMMANO, of course 1 









B.P.L.S.A. 



-Don't let it be forgot, that once there, was a spot, 
for one brief shining monent that was known as Camel at." 
Spend one brief shining hour... or two... or three at the 




AZA\ 






APRIL 2U, 196U 

10:30 a.m. - 8:00 p,m. 

The Lecture Hall 

of the Boston. Public Library 

B. P. L. S. A. 




TO 



uestion 



IX/H 



ARK 




THE BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 



MAY 1964 



THE QUESTION MARK 

Published by the Boston Public Library Staff Association 

Volume XIX Number 5> May 1.96k 

Publications Committee: Michael Arnoldj Jean Babcockj Barbara Bac'iracbj 

Jane lianthornej Sheila Stevensj Mrs, Bridie Stotzj 
George Scully, Cartoonist| Sarah Usher, Indexerj 
Edward J. Montana, Jr., Chairman, 

Publication date: Deadline for submitting material: 

The fifteenth of each month The tenth of each month 

The Spring months - May and June especially - suggest something different 
to everyone, but to a certain group attached to the Library Establishment they 
mean proms, parties, and finally, graduation,, This group is not listed in the 
library tables of organization - those administrative hierarchies that are more 
intricate than the British Peerage and more valued than the French - as Pro- 
fessional, although they do professional work, or rather some of the work that 
professionals do. It is not noted as non-professional eitherj as a matter of 
fact it is usually not listed at all. And yet we depend on these people, 
variously known as pages, library aides, extras, etc., more than we like to 
admit. 

Their principal job is, of course, to run slips; whenever you see a walk- 
ing pile of books, you can be sure that there is a library aide under it. They 
push trucks that would challenge a stevedore, label and mend books, and travel 
up and down stairs, sometimes six flights at a time in order to satisfy some 
scholar's thirst for knowledge. Going on errands, stamping, sorting, and a 
thousand other things are all within their province,, 

The youngsters who work in a library are usually brighter than most. It 
is very difficult to "put something over on them". They sometimes give the 
impression of having memorized the staff manual and will quote you chapter and 
page if they feel their rights are being infringed upon. And woe to the full- 
timer who does something and then corrects an aide for doing the same thing. 

Just as few men are heroes to their valets, so few librarians are heroes 
to their aides, which is perhaps one reason why so few enter The Service after 
graduation. They know too much. 

A library aide will work hard and well if he feels he is treated properly, 
but because he is not a permanent member of the staff he can also be bluntly 
honest. A person who is not respected by an aide, is usually not respected by 
anyone else, although the latter will seldom say so. Very accomplished mimics, 
they will lampoon pomposity, ridicule incompetence, and be impatient with 
inefficiency. They are, all in all, a good barometer for the workings of a 
department. 

This attitude often gets them into trouble as they irritate, but because 
theirs is not a permanent appointment, this does not bother them too much. 
They can afford to be objective. They are also criticized for being noisy, but 
then what youngster isn't, on occasion. However, to most of us they are the 
people who do the jobs that we would rather not do, keep service running 
smoothly, and last but certainly not least, provide the humor which helps us to 
resist the temptation to take ourselves and our Positions too seriously. 

THE PUBLICATIONS COMMITTEE 



PRESIDENT'S NOTES 



On behalf of my family and myself, 
I wish to thank the members of the 
staff for their expressions of 
sympathy. 



•*## 



#*-* 



#*# 



-;bh;- 



I still have nothing conclusive to 
report on the LA salary schedule at 
this time. I can only assure the 
membership that the Executive Board 
is deeply concerned about this matter 
and that we will continue to press 
for a fair and reasonable salary 
scale. 

I am happy to report that the 
job description sheets for LA. 2, 3 
and h positions in the branches have 
been distributed. 

The Executive Board and I would 
like to express our thanks to Miss 
Jane Manthome, the members of her 
inspired and hard-working committee 
and to all the members of the staff 
and their relatives and friends who 
contributed so much time, enthusiasm 
and effort to make the Camelot 
Bazaar such a tremendous success. 

MARY T. CROWE 
President 

PERSONNEL NOTES 

Entered ; 

Frederick D. Hill - Book Stack Service 

Bernard Hrul - Book Stack Service - 

re-entered 
Denise M. Barry - Central Charging 

Records 
Christine M. Scholtz - Book Prep. - 

a former part-timer 
Mrs, Helen Harrison - Charlestown - 

former library aide 
Mrs. Audrey H. Anderson - Audio 

Visual 
Jane E. Freitas - Brighton Branch 
William W. Holmes - Book Stack Service 
Dawn C. Furr - Book Stack Service 
Carol A. Feuerstein - Bookmobiles 

(was ermloyed here as a coop 

student) 
Mr. David G. Nevin - Mattapan - 

Professional librarian 



Married ; 

Judith G. Clarke - Open Shelf - to 
Mr. Stephen F. Grohe - May 1, 1961; 

Resigned ; 

Betsey Thorin - North End 
Amanda Irons - Book Stack 
David Frary «• Bookmobiles 
Marie E. White - Charlestown 
Dolores A. O'Hara - Cat. & Clasia. 

Reference - to accept position with 

Baker Library at Harvard 

Transferred ; 

William Scannell - from Audio Visual to 

Book Purchasing 
Michael Tiorano - from Book Purchasing 

to Receiving, Shipping, Stock and 

Supplies 
Margaret E. Lewis - from North End to 

South End 
Brenda H. Hemingway - from South End to 

Mt. Pleasant 
Irene M. Mains - from Mt. Pleasant to 

Charlestown 
Rose Marie DeSimone - from East Boston 

to North End 
Ronald McLeod - from Central Charging 

Records to Audio-Visual 
Roderick Slowe - from Book Stack Service 

to Central Charging Records 
Lawrence G. Scott - from Book Prep, to 

Central Charging Records 
Helen Harrington - from Book Prep, to 

Book Purchasing 
Frances E. Spencer - from Open Shelf 

to South Boston 
Roberta Permatteo - from Book Purchasing 

to Personnel 
Mrs. Margaret H. Zindler - from South 

Boston to East Boston 

i(KX«Kl(W«lHHHHHHHHH t «-KX-X««KKWHX)HHHHHHH«W 

The membership of the SORT Committee 
as published last month was incomplete. 
The corrected notice is as follows; 
SORT Committee 
Jean Babcock 
B. Joseph O'Neil, Chairman 



JOIN MLA IN 196J* 



- 3 - 



CAMELOT REVISITED 

This past week our proposed gift from 
BPL employees to the John F, Kennedy 
Memorial Library soared above the twenty- 
five hundred dollar mark. For this un- 
heard of surpassing of our original 
thousand dollar goal, we can point to the 
tireless, inspired workers in our 
branches and Central Library and say a 
resounding Thank YouJ 

At the time of our last Question Mark 
article, certain Camelot Bazaar commit— 
tees had not yet been formed. To fill 
out the roster of committee members who 
have not been recognized to date, we add 
the following contributors of much time, 
energy, and goods. 

Working with Mrs. Margaret E 9 Haverty 
on the White Elephant Booth were Mrs 
Sarah Flannery [History], Mrs, Belle 
Levin [Roslindale j, Helen Colgan [Uphams 
Corner], Mildred Kaufman [Mattapan], and 
Mrs, Patricia Czabator [Jamaica Plain], 

Joining Louisa S, Metcalf [Readers 
Advisor for Adults], Mrs, Geneva R. 
Kershner [General Reference], and Mrs. 
Geraldine Altman [Jamaica Plain] in 
selling books, prints, and recordings 
were Mrs Geraldine Beck [Hyde Park] 9 
Mrs, Helen Bickford [Open Shelf], Mrs. 
Ruth Bleecker [Music], William Casey 
[Codman Square], Florence Connolly [Fine 
Arts], Rose Marie De Simone [North End], 
Nura Globus [Mt„ Pleasant], Madalena. 
Holt [Lower Mills], Linda Ivers [Mb. 
Bowdoin], Mrs. Mary Langton [Hospital], 
William Lewis [History], Ruth Marshall 
[Education], Ruth Michelson [Book Selec- 
tion, Reference], Edwin Sanford [History 1, 
Genevieve Moloney [Branch Issue], Mary 
Rea [Book Purchasing], Mrs, Beryl 
Robinson [Readers Advxsor for Children], 
Russell Scully [Book Selection, Reference], 
Paul Swenson [Prints], and Veronica Yotts 
[Audio Visual]. 

Sharing the platform with Louis 
Polishook [Central Charging] as a true 
price-getting, boost-bidding auctioneer 
was Robert Lane [Central Charging], Be- . 
hind-the-camera in helping visitors put 
a head on the headless knight was 
Marjorie Gibbons [Washington Village]. 

Several Bazaar-goers commented on how 
they repeatedly tried to leave the fes- 
tivities in order to keep other appoint- 
ments, but "something new always seemed 
to be happening," Responsible for the 



constant entertainment were: 

Angelo Mammano Mrs. Ruth Bleecker 
Euclid Peltier Geraldine Gardner 
Barbara Feeley Mrs, Sheila Stevens 
Jean Babcock, Chairman 

To all members of Shipping, the' 
Bindery, Exhibits, Records, Files^ 
Statistics, and the Information Office 
go hearty cheers. Much of their work 
was behind-the-scenes paperwork, 
decorating, delivering, building, and 
making ideas come true. 

The unsung workers on the Bazaar were 
those who joined Thomas P, Geoghegan 
in all the details of Lecture Hall 
facilities and arrangements. They vir- 
tually put the Bazaar together and then 
had to take it apart. Our gratitude 
goes out to the following members of the 
Buildings Department: 



Mary Sands 
John Allix 

Edward Blake 
James Cunningham 
Israel Dob kin 
Anthony DeFilippo 
Joseph Fallon 
John Farrell 
Philip Fay 
George Gentile 
Frank Green 
Austin Garrity 
Adolf Grenda 
John Howard 
William Kane 
Warren Madden 
James Masterson 
Frank McDonough 
John McManus 
John Mealey 

And to the following Bindery workers 
for their efforts especially in pre- 
paring the booths : 

Henry Fahey Bill Nelson 
Bernie Doherty Steve Baxter 
Chester Walsh 

If we have missed a contributor in 
our thanks, it is because our breath- 
less over-all success has obscured 
important details from our thinking. 
Our gratitude to each other will con- 
tinue until a great new library joins 
ours on the Boston skyline - and long 

aftpr 

* JANE 1IANTH0RNE, Chairman 

Camelot Bazaar 



Joseph Mercer 
Paul Miles 
Martin Murphy 
William Murray 
David 0«Keefe 
Harry Parker 
Pasquale Piantedosi 
William Reynolds 
Robert Schleehauf 
Stephen Searles 
John Tuley 
Anthony Vozella 
Joseph Cullinane 
Leo Keane 
John Kelly 
Mrs, Crowley 
Mrs, Dr is coll 
Mrs, Rollins 
Mrs, Splaine 



— lj — 



COMSNTS Oil CAMELOT 

Comments on Camelot will doubtless be 
varied and many* Those of us who manned 
the "Pastry Shoppe" had the opportunity 
to make an observation not evident to all. 
We do not need to comment on the superb 
organization of the Camelot Bazaar carried 
out by Jane I xanthome. We knew she would 
do a good job - and look who she had for 
a steering committee. We do not need to 
comment on the generosity of the staff 
who individually and collectively gave 
without measure of their time, talents 
[and what talents were revealed] and money 
We knew that the BPL has the most generous 
staff in the U.S.Ao We do not need to 
comment on the good fellowship that was 
engendered; it was evident everywhere. We 
need not say what a pleasure it was for 
those on the front lines to welcome back 
the many retirees who came bearing gifts 
and went away with arms full of purchases 
and pockets empty of money. All this was 
self-evident and heart warming. But we 
would like to comment on the fact that 
over the years there have passed through 
Book Selection dozens upon dozens of books 
in which the authors have explored,delved, 
probed and propounded answers to the 
enigma of the Great Hunger. We now have 
an answer, maybe not the definite answer, 
but an answer ooserved from the Crow's 
Nest of the Pastry Shoppe on Friday, 
April 2a, 1961;. The Great Hunger of the 
American people is for home-made bread , 
not the bread observed basking in the sun 
of a bakery shop and bearing proudly the 
sign "Home Made" but the kind of home 
baked bread that was contributed by staff 
members and their families to Camelot, 
Bread made with "a little bit of love" 
and a lot of good New England know-how; 
loaves individually shaped and carefully 
wrapped; loaves that smelled too good to 
be true - but they were true: this is the 
kind of bread America hungers for. We 
had 25 - 30 loaves to sell. We could have 
sold 125 - 130 # And what does this mean? 
There must be a mors& somewhere. Does it 
mean America is weary of "pseudo" - in 
all its manifestations. Does it mean 
America is ready to return to substance? 
Does it mean that the American people 
should beware of signs? Choose your own 
implications. They are there to be found 
and applied individually. One thing only 
is sure . The Pastry Shoppe committee is 



grateful for all the fabulous food 
donated. We are especially grateful for 
the home-made bread and the lessons to 
be learned from it. 

EDNA G. PECK 

*-*# #*-* *&# #M* 

. "A MOVEABLE FEAST" 

George Frazier had been mentioning 
Hemingway's new book with such near 
idolatrous pertinacity, that I dropped, 
everything and read it in about 5-6 
hours. Its meager length [211 pages] 
and its subtitle give a deceptive view 
of slightness. It is a meaty and 
fascinating book. The famous terse un- 
adorned style is at its most effective, 
and puts him back permanently at the 
top of modern American writers, 

Tho subject of the book is Hemingway 
in his early twenties in Paris, poor, 
proud, stern and disciplined with him- 
self about his writing, and very much 
in love with his young wife Hadley, But 
the great fascination of the book lies 
mostly in the pictures that emerge, both 
friendly and hostile, of the people he 
knew. Poor Gertrude Stein will never 
recover from what is done to her in this 
book. More knowledgeable readers than 
myself perhaps knew that the phrase "lost 
generation" was not coined by her. A 
mechanic working on her Ford had made 
some error and his boss called him and 
people like him generation perdue and 
Gertrude had repeated it to Hemingway and 
applied it to him and other dissipated 
Americans in Paris, A very unkind refer- 
ence to Ford Madox Ford will attach it- 
self in a reader's mind to that author 
for a long time. Wyndham Lewis is called 
the most evil man in the writer's expe- 
rience. And F, Scott Fitzgerald comes 
out indisciplined, petulant, irresponsi- 
ble and spoiled. Yet after presenting 
him as such in many pages, Hemingway 
reads THE GREAT GATSBY, and decides that 
he will always remain Fitzgerald's friend 
no matter what his behavior. 

There are very sympathetic portraits 
of Sylvia Beach with her bookshop. He 
used to be so poor that he couldn't 
afford to eat every day, and used to walk 
long distances making sure that he passed 
not streets where there were smells of 



- 5 - 



"A Moveable Feast" cont. 



food. Once he walked into the bookshop 
and Miss Beach spoke to him about looking 
thin and perhaps not eating enough; but 
because of Yankee reserve she didn't know 
how to offer him some food and he didn't 
know how to ask, and he walked out as 
hungry as before. 

The best picture is that of Ezra Pound, 
and though the book was written 35 years 
after the Paris events, Hemingway does 
not say a word about Pound's subsequent 
career. Pound was the great friend and 
encourager of talent, and helped every- 
body who was in need. Ke and Hamingway 
founded a group who supplied a little 
money each month in order to make it pos- 
sible for T.S. Eliot to give up his job 
in a London bank and have more time to 
write poetry. 

There is an excellent description of 
Hemingway's method of writing, and inter- 
esting opinions on contemporary painting, 
food, wines, racing, the difference be- 
tween the clienteles of the Cafe Select 
and the Dome, etc. Of chief interest to 
librarians are the remarks he quoted from 
friends about books. Hemingway was much 
excited by Dostoyevsky. He asked Pound 
how so undisciplined a writer who broke 
all the rules could create such vital 
characters. Pound replied that he had 
never read the "Rooshians" Gertrude Stein 
told Hemingway to drop everything and 
read Marie Belloc Lowndes and Fitzgerald 
urged him to give his days and nights to 
Michael Arlen. 

One quotation will give the flavor of 
the book. He had just discovered the 
SHAKESPEARE AND COMPANY bookshop and 
Sylvia Beach had let him take several 
books out although he could not pay for 
the rental card. He told his wife all • 
about his new find, and she said - Does 
she have any Henry James, and he said 
Yes, and she said We're lucky you found 
the place, and "... we're always lucky, 
I said, and like a fool did not knock on 
wood. " 

A feast of a book is A MOVEABLE FEAST. 

HARRY ANDREWS 
-iBBf #** -**# -a-*-* 



MRS ROLLINS RETIRES 



When Mrs Elizabeth Rollins joined the 
staff of Buildings at Central Library on 
October 22, 19^7, as one of the "Cleaning 
Ladies", she brought with her a determi- 
nation to do everything within her power 
to fulfill her duties conscientiously and 
always to the very best of her ability. 
During the seventeen years in which she 
put these high resolves into practice, 
she never once wavered in her belief that 
the job at hand demanded her best. It 
was this pride in her work and this hon- 
est approach to each job that won for her 
the respect of all those with whom she 
came in contact. 

The Chiefs in Stack h had for some years 
presented Mrs Rollins with a small remem- 
brance at Christmas time. This year they 
decided to move Christmas abead to April 
and to present their gift on her last day 
of work. Their intention leaked out, and 
news of it spread » as good news has a 
way of doint — » and each one who heard 
asked eagerly to be included. 

When on the morning of April twenty - 
third Mrs Rollins slipped quietly into 
the Women's Lounge at ten-thirty, for a 
last look around and perhaps to indulge 
in a few nostalgic thoughts, she found 
herself surrounded by well-wishers. In 
their behalf, and in deep appreciation, 
Edna G. Peck presented her with a gift of 
money. Mrs Rollins accepted the gift 
with appropriate remarks, and we might add 
with the poise and ease of a seasoned 
speech maker. Then all had a chance to 
wish her well in her days of leisure. 
And where was Mrs Rollins on the first 
day of her retirement? At the CAMELOT 
BAZAAR "investing" some of her gift! 

That her future days may be bright and 
happy is the wish echoed by all her 
friends at the B.P.L. 

* * * 

Mrs Rollins was guest of honor at a 
luncheon given by her fellow workers on 
April 20th. There she was presented with 
a token of appreciation by her friends 
and well-wishers. 



■K-X# tf-H-K- #*-* 
BEST WISHES.' 



*-** 



To Esther and Macy Margolis [General 
Reference] on the birth of a second son, 
Jonathan Oren on l£ April 1°61|« 



■SBBS- 



*** 



■**# 



*-»* 



-6- 



MibHTMARns of our Times 



call slips 




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„ for m»tilat»g 
concealed veapon 

fiendish mind 

ot re ading direetiena 

10T I cnildl* -«» 




A TYPICAL STUDENT 



-7- 



NI6HTMARES OF OUR TIME 



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I'm sorry but 
it's not on shelf. 



How dare you 
take so many 
call slipsi 






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$u3JLC7 

-7 £ 4 O * ^ =" 






/VVWA 






NOT AVAILABLE 




TYPICAL LIBRARIAN 
(A STUDENT^ FANTASY) 






8 - 



LOUIS R. RAINS 



Louis Rains, Curator of Engineering 
Sciences, after more than 30 years of Li- 
brary service, has announced his retire- 
ment. From the time that Louis started 
as an "extra" in South Boston 3U years 
ago, he has been making warm fast friends 
of almost everyone he has been associated 
with. 

Many of us would like to know his 
secret. 1 Whether it is the fact he was 
born in South Boston and was a resident 
of East Seventh Street [being from South 
Boston is usually an assurance of politi- 
cal success]. Or that wide friendly grin, 
Or that luxurious moustache We suspect 
the reason is that everyone knows that 
Louis is most sincere, has a genuine con- 
cern for everyone's feelings, has the 
courage of his convictions, and never for- 
gets a friend. 

Louis's wide Library experience included 
duty in the Office of Mr. Orlando C. Davis, 
Chief Librarian of the Circulation Divi- 
sion; the Branch Catalogj the Kirstein 
Business Branch; the West End Branch Li- 
brary, the Director's Office ; Bates Hall, 
and General Reference Department before 
he went to the Science and Technology 
Department. 

Louis is more than a top-notch librar- 
ian. On military leave of absence from 
September ±9h2 to November ±9h$ t he ser- 
ved as a "medic" in the United States 
Naval Reserve. He was a Chief Petty 
Officer when he returned to the Library. 
Because of his competence in this work, 
he was selected to conduct a course for 
Library employees in first aid, and was 
often called upon to render assistance in 
emergencies when the Library Nurse was 
not available or when she needed assist- 
ance. 

The Library staff will never forget the 
excellent job he did in directing the 
Library Centennial Musical Revue, Free to 
All . The success of this musical, cer- 
tainly one of the most pleasurable mem- 
ories that we have of the Library and its 
staff, was due largely to Lou's insistence i 
on a high level performance, and his gift 
of getting the cast to extend themselves 
to limits of their talents. Everyone 
liked working for and with Louis. 

Louis worked on a host of Staff Associ- \ 
ation Committees, particularly on the I 
Personnel Committee, through which he was j 
most influential in bringing about many 
beneficial changes for the staff. The 



staff elected him an officer of the 
Staff Association many times, as Presi- 
dent three times, more times than any 
other person has ever been President. 
It would have been many more than three 
times, if Louis had not been constantly 
fighting off Nominating Committees try- 
ing to get him to allow his name to be 
Entered on the ballot* He was elected 
as a member of the Steering Committee of 
the American Library Association's Staff 
Organization Round Table, and represented 
this Library at SORT meetings at the ALA. 
National Conferences. He is a very 
active member of the Boston Chapter of 
the Special Libraries Association serving 
in many capacities including Treasurer, 
and was elected Vice President and 
Pr e s ide nt-Ele ct . 

Who can forget the numerous parties and 
picnics organized by Louis, as the guidirg 
genius of the Chowder, Chatter and March- 
ing Society? The beach parties at 
Duxbury on June 17th were always success- 
ful regardless of the weather because of 
all the work, organizing and planning 
which Lou and his gracious wife Lee, did* 
The parties at the China Star, which 
hardly needed a reason for being, were a 
Rains specialty. 

How can the Library get along without 
Louis? The truth of the matter is we 
cannot. So Louis contrives to come back 
on business once or twice a week so that 
we can bask in the glow of his smile and 
admire the moustache and the Brooks 
Brothers suits he wears so well. 

He has accepted an appointment as Li- 
brarian of the Research Division of AC 
Spark Plug in Wakefield but he will 
always be one of us. 

The staff honored him at a retirement 
coffee hour in the Staff Lounge and again 
at a CCMS retirement party at the China 
Star, but we are glad that his retire- 
ment is really a continuation of a most 
successful career in librarianship. 

Louis Rains, our congratulations on 
your successj Your countless friends 
salute you as a prime example of How to 
Succeed as a Librarian Without Losing a 
Friend, [Behind every great man.,. We 
knew all along that Lee Rains, Louis' 
charming wife is responsible for only 
90fo of Lou's success, but take a bow for 
the other 10$ Lou.j 



•a- 



LOUIS REIGNS AGAIN! 



- 9 ~ 



SOCIAL NOTES 



The noise emAnating from a celebrated 
Quincy restaurant on the evening of April j 
12, 196U was not the sound of a jet plane 
breaking the sonic barrier, but the sounds 
of tables being turned x^ith a vengeance. 
For this was the evening when the tattered ; 
remnants of the once glorious legions of 
the C.C.M.S. gathered to pay homage to the 
celebrated party-giver of Science & Tech - 
Louis Rains o The role of Elsa Maxwell for 
this soiree was undertaken by Ed Peltier 
of Audio Visual, Ed, who has all of ELs^-s 
talents tho little of her girth, proved to 
be an arranger par -excellence. Even the 
pre-celebration collection was a huge 
success because of the large bills so gen- ] 
erously donated by friends of the grand '[ 
old man. There were three telephone bills, 
a water bill and a ticket for two dress 
shirts held in escrow in a South Boston 
laundry. There wasn't a dry eye in the 
China Star as on overflow crowd gathered 
in the famous Elbow Room to pay tribute to 
the leader who had so often exposed them 
to virus pneumonia on the frigid beaches 
of Duxbury, Tributes to this glorious 
leader were fulsome and the gifts were 
even fulsoner Among the items received 
were a combination sword-cane and king 
size swizzle stick designed for stirring 
stabbing, or supporting him while in line 
for unemployment benefits, a life-time 
pass to the Stack Six washroom, a set of 
plastic pizzas [for people allergic to 
cheese] and a twenty volume set of General 
Administrative Notices bound in alligator 
sk:n High spot in the evening's festiv- 
ities was a magnificent off -Broadway pro- 
duction of "That Was The Life That Was", 
Against the melodic background of the twin j 
glockenspiels played by two ex-members of j 
laTjrence Uelk's orchestra who had been 
dismissed for failing to smile during a 
commercial, a little group of thespians 
who were long on enthusiasm [if short on 
rehearsals] dramatized some of the lesser 
known episodes in our hero's dramatic rise I 
to obscurity, lir. Rains was so over- 
whelmed by the presentation that he an- j 
nounced ijith spontaneous generosity, that j 
any of his former friends could have a 
free set of AC sparkplugs simply by tear- 
ing off the top of their car and mailing 
it to him with $10,00 to cover postage. 
Even those allergic to rice [which in- 
cluded most of the married men] had to 
admit that this was the saddest and best 
gathering of all« 



On the very wet evening of April 8th, 
the staff of ift, Bowdoin Branch braved 
the elements and met at Jimmy's Harbor- 
side for a farewell dinner in honor of 
Miss Anne Coleman, who has been trans- 
ferred to Faneuil Branch, 

We were happy to have former staff- 
membei Miss Marie Kennedy join us for 
the occasion. We emerged, hours later, 
so replete with food and fellowship as 
to be undaunted by the still-rainy 
weather. 

After seven years at Mt, Bowdoin, Hiss 
Coleman will be greatly missed by members 
of the community. Our best wishes follow 
her to Faneuil, 



■a- 



# 



The Camelot 3azaar was a great success 
- financially, socially, and as a morale 
boosterj We at Adams Street Branch 
suggest having one every year to benefit 
a scholarship fund or several charities. 
Does anyone agree I Everyone does agree 
that it was an immensely enjoyable event, 

[signed] Elinor Conley 
Rhoda Blacker 
Anna Gallivan 
Patricia Glancy 
Agnes HcDevitt 
Jo Ann Mitchell 
Sadie Rotondo 

*• #■ • -x- 

On Saturday morning, April 25, Jeanne 
M. Fitzgerald [KBB] was married to Paul 
McGerigle [formerly KBB] at the Sacred 
Heart Church in Belmont, The ceremony 
was performed by Father Norman O'Connor, 
well-known jazz critic,, who made a 
special trip from Nexr York for the wed- 
ding. 

Phyllis Patrick [KBB] was the matron 
of honor and Sheila Stevens [Cataloging, 
R&RS] the bridesmaid, 

Jeanne was an exceptionally lovely 
bride and Paul an exceptionally proud 
and happy groom. After the reception at 
The Town Line House in Lynnfield, the 
couple flew to the Virgin Islands for a 
ten day honeymoon. 



* 



* 



*- 



■K-8-X- 



*» 



■jbk:- 



- 10 ~ 



FIRE-ESCAPE 
A long iron stairway 

Covered with red rust 
Reaches from floor to floor 

A visible bridge 
From one level to another. 

In some places 
The paint has weathered away 

And dry scaly rust marks each spot. 
The steps are evenly spaced 

But not well worn 
Like those leading up to an attic. 

At each level 
Dirt marks the footprints 

Made by some person 
Fleeing from within. 

The very top cannot be seen 
Only its bottom 

And distant sides. 
Only the pigeons 

Or an occasional fireman 
Ever seem to go up there, 
g m a Cumming 

•5HJ-X -?HH;- -JHi-H- **# 

CONGRATULATIONS' 

To Mr, and Mrs. Walter Erickson [Rhoda 
O'Donnell Erickson, formerly of Home 
Reading Office] on the birth of a Sib. 
Ill 02, son, Stephen Carl, on May 13, 



■5hk:- 



■SKHfr 



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**•* 



WORLD'S FAIR 



"Libraries and librarians will be on 
display this summer at the World's Fair 
in New York, There, professional li- 
brarians from all over the country will 
staff a computer-equipped reference li- 
brary for fair-goers. Facilities will 
include a ready reference service for 
visitors via some 2,000 standard reference 
books, supplemented by an electronic 
information retrieval system; a collec- 
tion of 2,500 children's books; a theater 
for storytelling and audio- visual presen- 
tations to introduce young folks to the 
world of books; and a browsing area where 
adults can relax and examine a duplicate 
of the President's Library to be estab- 
lished in the White House and in the Blair 
House in Washington, Sponsored by the 
American Library Association, the automa- 
ted library will be one of the features 
of the U,S, Government Exhibit," 

Saturday Review / April 18,1961; 

**# -JBHS- -M-SBS- #%% 



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YOUR 



B.P.L.3.A. DUES 
SEE YOUR STAFF 
REPRESENTATIVE 



NOW 



* * * 



* * * 



* * * 



oOAh' bOX 



-ii- 



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/ 




/ / \ 



Any contribution to the Soap Box 
must be accompanied by the full name 
of the Association member submitting 
it, together with the name of the 
Branch Library, Department or Office 
in which he or she is employed. The 
name is withheld from publication, 
or a pen name is used, if the 
contributor so requests. Anonymous 
contributions are not given consider- 
ation. The author of the article is 
known only to the Editor-in-£hief , 
The contents of the articles appearing 
in the Soap Box are personal opinions 
expressed by individual Association 
members and their appearance does not 
necessarily indicate that the 
Publications Committee and the 
Association are in agreement with the 
views expressed. Only those con- 
tributions not containing more than 
300 words will be accepted. 

To the Soap Box: 

In a vertical file, 
I found some examinations used in the 
former BPL training program, I was 
impressed with what the staff was 
expected to know, and also I could 
identify various functions of the 
different departments. 

The BPL no longer has 
a formal training program. Courses 
in Library Science help a part of the 
staff to acquire some necessary 
knowledge and skills for working in 
the Library, but library school in 



itself does not entirely eliminate the 
need for an active program within the 
system. 

This is especially true 
because the operation of a large in- 
stitution is a complicated and frag- 
mented procedure. Without in-service 
training it is very difficult for any 
individual to know as much as he should 
about the Library's operation, Without 
such knowledge, one is imperfectly 
aware of the broader functions and aims 
of the library. This deficiency applies 
to both professional and non-professional 
staff members. Aside from in-service 
training more intensive orientation is 
needed. In this way the staff member 
becomes more familiar with the ad- 
ministrative functions of the institution 
and with the requirements of his own 
position as well as with those of others. 
A more detailed staff manual would 
obviously improve the situation. The 
orientation program of two years ago 
was one slight step in the right 
direction, but the other foot apparently 
never left the ground. 

The new building and new 
regional system seem to offer oppor- 
tunities and reasons for an in-service 
training program which would clarify 
the operating functions and purposes of 
the library. 

CURIOUS 

To the Soap Box: 

Can't something be done 
about the lighting system in Central? 
Some of it is good, but there are parts 
of the stacks where lights are out, and 
have been out, for at least several weeks. 

The Music and Social 
Sciences Departments are almost like 
caves, they are so dark, and there is one 
department (Periodical), not well -lighted 
at the best of times, where many of the 
ceiling lights are usually off, 

I hope that something 
can be done about this soon, 

SUZY 



JOIN ALA IN lc-6Ji 



- ]j2 - 



c. 



I 






^ 



/W£ L COME 



>4<^l iAz.Ztkto^ 



LIBRARY LIGHTING 

In this current year new lighting 
systems will be installed in the Fine Arts 
Department, the Science and Technology 



IN-SiiUVICE TRAILING 



Ine question of in-service training for 
LAs is under discussion at the present 
time with the Staff Association and the 
Division Heads . A program of this type 
is, however, dependent on two factors: 
(l) stability in employment, i.e. less 
turnover than has been the case 5 (2) 
sufficient time for training^ a program 
like this takes up a great deal of time. 

The old idea of training professionals 
by having them work in four to six de- 
partments during their first two years of 
service [this is in addition to a degree, 
of course] was a good onej and deserves 
to be considered again. But this pre- 
supposes a series of well-staffed depart- 
ments which will be able to support such 
a turnover. This situation tends toward 
the ideal, and is not in existence at the 
present time. 

Although in-service training, of what- 
ever type^ is very important, more faith 
is put in it than is warrented. It is an 
established principle of learning that any 
training in order to be effective must be } 
reinforced by repetition and experience*.! 
Otherwise it is wasted. This is espeqi^Uj 
true when a person is taught material Jthat 
does not directly relate to his job, £nd 
is given information which he seldom usps, 
or which he does not really need to kncp. 
Formal in-service training is not the £ure- 
all it is sometimes thought to be. 

Often, good supervision is an adequate 
substitute. Here a person, through on- 
the-job experience, will learn what is 
essential to his position, as xrell as how 



Department and the Periodical and Newspaper-* 113 work relates to that of others* This 
Department. Steps will also be taken this) 13 som etimes more effective than taking 



extra courses, because certain types of 
work, particularly that done by the LAs, 



Division of Personnel 



year to improve the lighting in the i'lusic 
Department, after the room has been re- 
painted. Other areas of the Library need- 33 * 6 ver y much the same regardless of 
ing to have improved lighting will receive| de ^ artment S onl y the details differ, 
attention as funds become available. 

In the book stack areas, an arrangement 
is in effect whereby burnt-out lamps are 
replaced as soon as a report is made by 
the Chief of Book Stack Service to the 
3uperintendant of Library Buildings. 

Division of Library Operations 






•3HHJ- 



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-sh:-* 



Tilt dOSTUN PUBLIC LIBRARY STAFF ASSOCIATION 




'llrOrvit LjLOlL 

GIVE TO 





CARE COMMITTEE 



Anne Dray, Roslindale 
Marie Cashman, Open Shelf 
Rhoda Blacker, Adams Street 
Selma Horwitz, Chairman 
Roslindale 




^^HpH|ii 




v 



YOU ARE CORDIALLY INVITED TO ... 



THE GRAND FINALE OF THE CAMELOT BAZAAR 






OM AB^/Wlt 



■will speak on 

PRESIDENT KENNEDY AS A BOY 
and 

PLANS FOR THE JOHN F. KENNEDY MEMORIAL LIBRARY 




Features of the program will be ... 

Presentation of the gift of the employees of the Boston Public Library 
to the Kennedy Memorial Library. 

Introduction of the new Staff Association Officers and Executive Board. 



Come to the ... 



Spring Professional Meeting of the B. P. L. S. A. 



Friday 



June $, 196h 



8 p. m. 



Lecture Hall, Central Library 



Refreshments will be served following the meeting. 




TO 



UGstion 



MAO? 




THE BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 



JUNE 1964 



- 1 - 

THE QUESTION MARK " 
Published by the Boston Public Library Staff Association 
Volume XIX Number 6 June l°61i 



Publications Committee: 



Publication date: 
The fifteenth -of each month 



Michael Arnold; Jean Babcock; Barbara Bachrach; 
Jane Manthornej Sheila Stevens; Mrs. Bridie 
Stotz;, George Scully, Cartoonist; Sarah Usher, 
Indexer; Edward J. Montana, Jr.., Chairman 

Deadline for submitting material: 
The tenth of each month 



When Mrs, Kennedy spoke to us a short time ago, she stressed her son 1 s 
devotion to the cause of world peace and understanding. She said that the fur-» 
thering of this ideal was to be the principal purpose of the Kennedy Memorial 
Library. Therefore, all peoples would be encouraged to have a hand in its 
establishment. The President's choosing to further his dream through the found- 
ation of a library is significant because it implies that he felt that a library 
must be a living, growing, changing organism, as it would have to be to fulfill 
his purpose. 

This implication should be of vital interest to all librarians because one 
of the essential attributes of a living organism is change, a word, it seems, 
that many of us do not like to admit even exists. 

Libraries are for people, and people change. Libraries are agencies for 
education and recreation, the methods of which are dependent on such impermanent 
factors as attitudes, finances, habit and custom. It is pretty obvious, then, 
that libraries (and librarians) should also change. Unfortunately this is often 
not the case. 

Many people apparently feel that each library is a universe in itself. 
They do not know what is going on in the outside world and what is more, they 
do not care. They are sometimes not even interested in the library as a whole, 
but only in their own department, which is, in the manner of the 18th century, 
the best of all possible worlds. Perish the thought that anything more than an 
incidental improvement could be made or that regular practices could be carried 
out differently than they are. "It's. always been done THIS way" is the cry. 
And that is that. The speaker gives no reason, usually because he cannot think 
of one and would not bother to try anyway. This would require thinking, which 
is an effort (we are all much to busy for that), and also might cause us to have 
to admit that perhaps the old way was not the best after all. This is tant- 
amount to heresy in some quarters. 

It is much easier to pass of f a new idea as one of the delusions of the 
"younger crew", who will be, after twenty-five years or so in the Service (if 
they last that long) worn down into the same pattern. Fortunately many 
librarians are still "young", regardless of their years, this being the reason 
why some systems or units are good and others are not. 



<■• 2 •* 



There is nothing so sacred that it cannot be re-evaluated. Perhaps the 
conclusions will still be the same, but perhaps not too. So, before we all 
settle into our hammocks for the summer, or rush off to the mountains Or the 
beaches, we might give a little thought to, the work we do and the way we do it, 
whether it is charging methods, the status of our personnel, or the set-^lp of 
our own departments. Maybe by Fall we will have some fresh ideas, which are hot 
as dangerous as some would have us think, 

THE PUBLICATIONS COMMITTEE 



PRESIDENT'S NOTES 



My sincere thanks to all those who 
contributed to the success of the Staff 
Association program on June 5th. To Lana 
Mayberry, Chairman of the Program Commit- 
tee who exhibited a talent for diplomacy 
and sheer hard work. To Jane Manthorne 
whose story about young Paul not only 
charmed the audience but gave added signi- 
ficance and inspiration to Mrs Kennedy's 
talk about her sons and the importance of 
encouraging young people to broaden their 
interest in and their knowledge of the 
world which they will someday inherit. 
My thanks also to Jean Babcock, her 
committee members and to Helen Sevagian, 
whose behind-the-scenes activity contri- 
buted greatly to the evening's success. 

I have nothing new to report on the 
LA. salary situation except that it is our 
understanding that there is not enough 
money in this year's budget to allow for 
any overall increase in LA salaries. The 
Executive Board and I met with Mr Gaines 
recently and we emphasised the member- 
ship's viewpoint on the need for a 
reasonable and early solution to this 
longstanding problem. Mr Gaines express- 
ed an interest in and sympathy for our 
concern and outlined some of the diffi- 
culties involved in reaching an equitable 
solution. 

The Executive Board has appointed a 
committee to gather material which will 
provide information on the advantages and 
disadvantages of unions which will accom- 
pany the poll to be sent out to the 
membership early in the fall. 

At the May business meeting, a motion 
was made and passed that the membership 
be assessed $ .50 in addition to the 
regular annual dues of $ .50. This 
assessment is necessary in order to keep 
the organization solvent until a consti- 
tutional ammendment raising the annual 



dues can be passed in January 1965. 

MARY T. CROWE 
President 

PERSONNEL NOTES 

Entered ; 

James H. Bracy - Book Stack Service 
Patricia A. Stevens - Cat. & Class., 

R&RS (formerly part-time) 
Alvis H. Price - Egleston Square 
Sheila R. Swalnick - Branch Issue 
Mary Jo Campbell - Book Preparation 
Harriet C. McGrath - Personnel Office, 

(formerly part-time) 
Robert L. Kavin - Book Stack Service, 

(formerly part-time) 
Antoinette R. Calabresi - Chariest own, 

(formerly part-time; now a Pre-Prof . ) 
James B. Lannon - Book Purchasing 
Carren Mundee - Cat. & Class., R&RS 
Nancy Dubord - Director's Office 

Terminations : 

Ronald Brewington - Book Stack Service 
George Mbran - Kirstein Business Branch 
Shirley Drumgo - Director's Office 
Susan Moulton - Bookmobiles 
Edward Belsky - Branch Issue 
Catherine H. Farlow - Print Department 
Barbara J. Gorczyca - Division Office, 

HR&CS 
Sufan Polit - Cat. & Class., R&RS 
Barbara Flye - Division Office, HR&CS 
Fredericka J. Wyss - Mattapan Branch 
Mrs Catherine Richmond - Brighton Branch- 
to remain at home [to take care of 
Philip L, Richmond 3rd, who arrived in 
January] 



Personnel Notes 



- 3 - 



Transferred 

Michael F. lynch - From Book Stack Service 

to Branch Issue 
Robert A. Lane - From Central Charging 

Records to Book Purchasing 
Evon Cairis - From Book Purchasing to 

Book Preparation 

ANNOUNCEMENT 

When the members of the BPLSA during 
the May business meeting voted to assess 
themselves at the rate of fifty cents per 
member they were acting within the frame- 
work set up by parliamentary procedure. 

There was a quorum present. 
The motion was duly presented, 

seconded, and the vote was in 

the affirmative. 

Since nothing in our constitution 
forbids such action, we find it legal and 
proper. 

THE CONSTITUTION COMMITTEE 

CONGRATULATIONS 

To Lana Mayberry and her committee for 
providing a wonderful program for the 
Spring Meeting j to Jean Babcock and her 
committee for delicious refreshments and 
elegant service 5 and to Jane Manthorne 
who gave one of the best speeches that 
this Association will ever hear. Unfortu- 
nately, Miss Manthorne did not put her 
thoughts on paper and so, like the 
orations of Pericles, they are lost to 
posterity forever. 

jHBBHttBBHHHKBBBHHBHBBBf » X tt «X » » X- 

SOCIAL NOTES 



A Triple Celebration 

Overlooking scenic Boston and the 
beautiful Charles River, the Five Chateaux 
Restaurant was the scene of a triple 
celebration on June ninth when Mrs 
Meredith McCulloch, Charlestown, was 
honored by friends and fellow workers. 
She was the recipient of congratulations 
on her newly-acquired degree in Library 
Science from Simmons, bon voyage wishes 
as she and her husband leave for a vaca- 
tion in Europe, and good wishes upon her 



appointment as Children's Librarian at 
the Tucson Public Library. As she assumes 
her new duties, Mr McCulloch will be 
attending the University of Arizona with 
a doctor's degree his goal. Mrs McCulloch, 
who was presented with a red patent 
leather dress bag and matching red rose 
lapel pin, will be missed not only by her 
fellow workers and the young adults at 
Charlestown but also by the Young Adult 
Book Selection Committee on which she has 
served ably for the past two years. 

Bookmobile Bride-to-be 

On April 26, Longwood Towers was the 
scene of a bridal luncheon and shower 
given to Marjorie McCabe of Charlestown 
by her co-workers on the Bookmobiles. 
Miss McCabe is to be married to Thomas 
Whalen of Charlestown, on June sixth. 

The table was appropriately decorated 
with a bridal center piece and one of the 
features included a bridal cake baked by 
one of the bookmobile staff. A delightful 
luncheon was enjoyed by all. 

Miss McCabe was given a money tree 
by the members of the bookmobile staff. 

Cur best wishes go with Marjie for a 
bright and happy future. 

JHHHHttHHHHHtX- 

Bon Voyage, Mrs Miller 

On the evening of April twenty-eighth, 
the Bookmobile Staff took Mrs Julia J. 
Miller, Bookmobile Librarian, out to 
dinner at the Coach Grille in Cambridge 
Square on the occasion of her future 
departure on April thirtieth for a trip 
to Europe. It was a very happy occasion 
and an excellent dinner was enjoyed by all. 

When Mrs Miller left Logan Airport on 
the evening of her flight to Rome, many 
of the Bookmobile staff were on hand to 
wish her an enjoyable flight and they 
presented her with a corsage of tea roses. 
Many of her friends and relatives were 
there also, to see her off. 

Mrs Miller is back with us now. She 
had a marvelous trip. 



JOIN ALA IN 196U 



WE GET LETTERS 



— I4 — 



Since it is impossible to acknowledge 
the many cards and notes on the birth of 
our son Stephen, I wish to thank all of 
my library friends for their kind tokens 
of congratulations to my husband and me. 

It's just another reminder of the happy 
years I spent at the B. P. L. 

Thanks again, one and all. 

RHODA and WALTER ERICKSON 

To my library friends: 

Retirement parties 
are apt to be frightening in prospect and 
so it was with mine. I just didn't want 
to think of it. But when the day came 
and so many co-workers, past as well as 
present, arrived at the Red Coach Grill 
to join in the luncheon celebration, I 
began to feel differently. In fact, the 
time spent there on May 28th was very 
pleasant and will be one of my happiest 
B.P. L. memories. 

My heartfelt thanks to all for your 
good wishes and their tangible expression- 
The bag will be a delight to use and the 
contents a reminder of much generosity on 
your part. I wish all whose names are on 
the satin ribbon could have enjoyed the 
delicious luncheon. 

Do look me up this summer if you are in 
the vicinity of Boothbay Harbor - Juniper 
Point Road, West Boothbay Harbor, Maine, 
I'll be seeing you sometime in the future, 
I hope, in or out of the library, so this 
is au revoir. 

Sincerely, 
PEARL SMART 

MESS HERZIG RETIRES 

Why has Roslindale attained and retained 
first place in branch circulation for the 
pact ten years? Perhaps, for several 
basic reasons, but certainly because of 
the inspiring leadership of its Librarian, 
Marion R. Herzig. With her, personal 
service to the public took precedence over 
every other aspect of library routine. 
For 18 years, in crowded, unsuitable 
quarters in the Municipal Building, with 
a busy gymnasium overhead, she and her 
staff managed to attract patrons of all 
ages. Seating was limited, but reference I 



and book selection demands were heavy, 
and circulation soared; in 1958, it topped 
all other branches with 167,377. 

Finally, came a busy year of transition, 
1961, and Miss Herzig realized every 
librarian's dream, a spacious, new, well- 
appointed library. In 1962, the circula- 
tion reached 227,539. The library's all- 
purpose room buzzed with activities, 
Friends of the Library, films, story-hours, 
Young Adult Programs, and other community 
use. Outstanding exhibits attracted city- 
wide attention. All of this continues, 
and represents hard work, intelligent 
planning and total staff cooperation. 
Working by their side, Miss Herzig provi- 
ded calm, decisive, inspiring direction 
enabling her fellcw-workers to perform 
their busy schedules, and subsequently to 
enjcy the satisfaction of providing 
quality and quantity in service. 

Marion's friends know her to be a 
serene, feminine woman, with the happy 
capacity to put people at their ease. 
Her relations with her staff always 
seemed intinate and informal, with every 
possible occasion warranting a social 
get-together. I believe this pleasant 
habit was one of her keys to staff 
solidarity and group achievement. Over 
the years, E xtras always warrented 
recognition"and her personal interest. 
In that capacity, as a new extra, I first 
met Marion Herzig at East Boston, U3 years 
ago; it was her first year in the full- 
time service. Then, as now, she was 
clear-thinking, well-orf onted, and 
generous in assisting and instructing 
those in her charge. Her own aims never 
prevented her from speeding others to 
their goals. 

East Boston, Mattapan, and Roslindale 
have been the areas in which Marion Herzig 
served during her long, commendable career, 
but the hundreds of assistants she helped 
to train are serving all over our system, 
and in other libraries, These, and all 
her library colleagues, and the large 
number of friends she has made in Roslin- 
dale extend sincere wishes for good 
fortune, good health, and enjoyable 
activity for many years to come. 

Acceding to her wishes, no general 
Division party was held in Miss Herzig 's 
honor, but her many friends throughout 
the library system could not let her 
depart without expressing their good 
wishes in tangible form. On her last day 
of work at the Branch, she was presented 



-5- 



with a large bouquet of spring flowers, 
a handsome pocketbook containing a sum of 
money for the purchase of something she 
has always wanted to own, and a card with 
the names of her host of friends on the 
traditional white satin ribbon. 

MARY K. HARRIS 

B.P.L.S.A. SHUNG MEETING 

The spring meeting of the Boston Public 
Library Staff Association was held on the 
evening of June 5th in the Lecture Hall, 
This year it served the dual purpose of 
introducing the newly elected officers of 
the Association and of bringing to a 
close the Camelot Bazaar which was held 
last April. 

On this evening, the proceeds of the 
bazaar, over 2, $00 dollars, were 
presented to Mrs Joseph P. Kennedy for 
the John F. Kennedy Memorial Library to 
be built on the banks of the Charles 
River. It was a rare and unique privi- 
lege to have had such a distinguished 
lady in our midst. In the initial plan- 
ning stages of the bazaar it was the 
commit tee's hope to have some member of 
the Kennedy family present at a date 
after the fair to accept the proceeds 
which were expected to be around 1,000 
dollars. 

Late in April Senator Kennedy was asked 
if he would come for the acceptance, but 
he had to decline because of a previously 
scheduled trip to Europe to raise funds 
there for the Kennedy Memorial Library. 
Not to be discouraged, the bazaar commit- 
tee decided to ask Mrs Rose Kennedy. Her 
address was obtained from Senator 
Kennedy's secretary who was doubtful that 
she would come because 'she didn't do 
things like that'. However a letter was 
sent, Mrs Kennedy consented by telephone, 
and a date of June 5th was arranged. 

At the library, Mrs Kennedy was met by 
Mr Lord who accompanied her onto the 
Lecture Hall stage. Welcoming and 
introductory remarks were made by Mary 
Crowe, President of the Association and 
Lana Mayberry, Chairman of the Program 
Committee. Jane Manthorne, who was 
instrumental in arranging the Camelot 
Bazaar, presented a check to the late 
President's mother. 

In her remarks Miss Manthorne spoke of 
two 'cues' which set the tenor of the 



Bazaar. She cited Senator Mike Mansfield 
who said, "He had a heart from which the 
laughter came," and President Kennedy's 
favorite Broadway musical, Camelot. Using 
these two ideas, the bazaar committee 
determined to translate a feeling of loss 
into one of purpose and hope. The actual 
day of the fair was described: the color- 
ful booths, the gaiety, and the pictures 
of our eminent forefathers staring down 
on the mad scene - an image which it was 
felt would have given pleasure to the 
President. 

Leaving unsaid feelings that were best 
left unsaid, Miss Manthorne told about one 
of her young patrons who had earned by his 
ingenuity an opportunity to study behind 
the Iron Curtain. She spoke of his need 
for the Boston Public Library, for the 
Boston Athenaeum (to which he had access), 
and of his forseeable need for the type of 
material that could be found only in an ' 
institution' such as the, John 'F. Kennedy 
Memorial Library. 

Mrs Kennedy in her talk used this inci- 
dent to comment on the value of study 
abroad for her own children, especially 
the two older boys, Joe and Jack. Rather 
than talk about the late President's early 
boyhood, Mrs Kennedy preferred to look 
ahead and described some of the plans for 
the memorial library. She explained that 
it would be more than an archive. Plans 
were being made whereby visitors would be 
able to select and see actual films of 
events that occurred during the President's 
tenure in office, such as the Cuban crisis 
and his meeting with Khrushchev. Included 
also would be personal momentoes like the 
famous coconut which he used to save his 
life in the South Pacific. The Library 
would be dedicated to 'living history'. 

Following Mrs Kennedy's speech and 
departure, a film, THE JOHN F. KENNEDY 
STORY, was shown. The presentation of the 
officers of the Staff Association concluded 
the meeting which was followed by a recep- 
tion in the Puvis de Chavannes Gallery. 
Surely it was an evening not easily to be 
forgotten. 

WILLIAM D. WARDE 



JOIN S.L.A. IN 196k 



- 6 - 



BOOKS AND BEATLES • 

We are witnessing our. teen-agers in the 
grip of Beatle -mania, buying records and 
bracelets and sweat-shirts suitably 
embossed with their hirsute heroes. One 
dedicated fan we know - a girl who had 
never before tried the lady-like art of 
embroidery - cross-stitched a Ringo 
profile on one of her mother's fine 
percale pillow cases. Another modern lass 
made her first voluntary excursion into 
reading for fun with - you can guess the 
book - John Lennon's IN M OWN WRITE 

As we witness the power of fads and the 
shape of heroes which seize young minds, 
it becomes difficult sometimes to credit 
the age group with very profound thoughts 
or individual tastes. So many times they 
seen to melt together into one shifting 
mass of inscrutable jelly, as direction- 
less as the paramecia they study in 
beginning biology. 

If we take this well-publicized, loudly- 
lamented view of teen-agers as the real 
thing, we err indeed. Proof of the 
seriousness and purpose of multitudes of 
yci;.?.g people is at hand, especially in 
libraries. Particularly worthy of atten- 
tion is a poll conducted by Warren 
Harrington, Young Adult Assistant of the 
South Boston Branch Library during 
National Library Week. The poll asked 
students of South Boston High School what 
books had most influenced their lives. 
Questionnaires were distributed among 
student leaders - class officers, National 
Honor Society members, captains of teams - 
to determine, in addition to influential 
books, whether teen-age leaders are 
readers . 

Mr Harrington received in all twenty- 
two answers, responses well worth the 
scrutiny of adults and librarians. The 
selections ranged from the traditional 
choices which mothers and fathers of the 
respondents might have cited twenty-five 
years ago, books such as TALE OF TWO 
CITIES and LITTLE WOMEN, to very timely 
literary pieces by Orwell, Salinger, and 
Golding, who appear repeatedly in polls of 
young adult reading as the favorite 
authors of teen-agers. 

The poll revealed overwhelming evidence 
of an inclination to public service, 
concern for human beings everywhere, and 
desire to make right moral decisions. 
The voters showed resolute belief in 
preserving human rights and serving 



Mfjjtfar'" '>--; ■ rv'- 1 "•■ - ■'' •■■• ■ 

others, and they looked for reinforcement 
of their ideas in the books they read. 
They found examples of altruism in novels 
such as Douglas 1 MAGNIFICENT OBSESSION 

and Connolly's MISTER BLUE as well as in 
biographies. 

From TALE OF TWO CITIES a senior class 
representative "learned how much wrong a 
person does when he infringes upon the 
rights of others". For a National Honor 
Society member LITTLE WOMEN proved "how 
important unselfishness is". LORD OF THE 
FLIES brought home to a Glee Club member 
"the need of rules and regulations". 
CATCHER IN THE RYE showed another reader 

the temptations and moral decisions 
facing his age group. 

In evidence, too, was worry over greed, 
corruption, and poverty in this country 
and the aggrandizements of Communism 
abroad. Influential was Robert Kennedy's 
THE ENEMY WITHIN with its exposure of 

racketeers in America, whereas Orwell's 
ANIMAL FARM showed "in symbolic style, 
many aspects and characteristics of 'the 
other side' in the cold war". 

The poll revealed that the heroes of 
teen-agers are Dr Tom Dooley (four voters 
chose his books), Dr Albert Schweitzer, 
and the people who made up John Kennedy's 
PROFILES IN COURAGE. For the captain of 
the basketball team Bob Cousy was of 
heroic stature. He saw in Cousy an exam- 
ple of wonderful perseverance. He met 
"hardships in his youth which might have 
stopped many people from attaining great- 
ness". 

This sampling of local young people's 
tastes is only step one in a nation-wide 
poll sponsored by the American Library 
Association. Results will be analyzed 
and publicized during National Library 
Week, 1965. It will be interesting to 
compare the youngsters of "Southie" with 
their counterparts in South Chicago or 
South Carolina. For the time being we 
have adequate proof that Beatle-mania 
does not prevail. 

JANE MANTHORNE 
READERS ADVISOR FOR YOUNG ADULTS 



- 7 



M.L.A. SPRING MEETING 



LENOX - June 11 and 12 

The Massachusetts Library Association 
conference here had the theme: "Library 
Service to Students of all ages. " Study- 
ing students didn't seem to stymie 
Dr Edwin Castagna, the Director of the 
Enoch Pratt Free Library. He rehearsed 
the first of the Daiches fund studies, 
the one on student use of the Baltimore 
Library. It documented what librarians 
had long observed: that there are lots of 
otudents trying to learn loads of things 
in libraries. 

Dr Castagna stressed five suggestions 
made in the report. First, there should 
be a review of the purposes and methods 
of reading in the learning process. 
Second, paperback books can play a large 
part in relieving demands on libraries. 
Third, teachers and pupils should be 
instructed as to what the library can do. 
Fourth, school library hours should be 
extended. Fifth, there must be establish- 
ed lines of communication between school 
and public librarians, among all libraries 
and all schools. The Enoch Pratt Free 
Library has established a Coordinating 
Council and a School Liaison Librarian. 

The President of the Adult Education 
Association of Massachusetts, Dr Anita L. 
Martin was chairman of an afternoon 
symposium. E. Porter Dickenson, Reference 
Librarian at Amherst College, Alice 
Buckley, Librarian at Jamaica Plain High 
School and Arthur J. Kissner, Librarian 
at Fitchburg Public Library were symposium 
members. Mr Kissner' s remarks seemed to 
sum up the topics of discussion when he 
called for improvement of all aspects of 
library services (collections, personnel, 
buildings) as the best solution to the 
student use problem. 

Rod Nordell, Feature Editor of the 
CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR engaged the 
banqueters with his reminiscences of 
meeting "Writers Face to Face". 

At the annual business meeting the 
officers of MIA for 196h-6£ were elected. 
Mr Milton Lord, new Vice President of MIA, 
moved that the Massachusetts Library 
Association resist the encroachments and 
pressures of the Massachusetts Civil 
Service Commission. Including a grant of 
extraordinary power to the President of 
MIA, the motion was passed unanimously. 

A workshop of planning to meet student 
needs was directed by Dr Martin. She 



outlined five points of consensus of the 
conference. They were: 1) that communica- 
tion inside and outside of libraries be 
improved; 2) that teachers be trained in 
the best ways of using the library as a 
pedagogical aid; 3) that libraries and 
librarians gather facts and figures on the 
student use of libraries; k) that public 
relations be emphasized and improved; 
5) that practical politics be mastered by 
all librarians. 

The discussions which followed were to 
answer the question: "How can the ideal 
relation among libraries in a community 
be organized?" The suggestions of parti- 
cipating groups were recorded and will be 
the subject of a forthcoming report. 

The last speaker to deal with the con- 
ference theme was Pauline Winnick, 
Specialist of Services to Children and 
Young Adults at the U. S. Office of Educa- 
tion. Speaking on "Serving the Visible 
Student in the Invisible Community", 
Miss Winnick outlined the national scene. 
Libraries from Austin to Boston, from 
Minneapolis to Indianapolis are attempt- 
ing to serve young people. New Haven 
sees the library as a cultural center, 
another city offers a coke and coffee 
break. 

Both Dr Castagna, in his Keynote address 
and Miss Winnick, in her closing address 
urged the library profession to be aware 
of the President's War on Poverty and its 
implications for libraries. 

WARREN HARRINGTON 

CARE 

The Committee and Chairman of CARE 
would like to remind the Staff Representa- 
tives to collect their contributions and 
to please send them to Selma Horwitz, 
Chairman, at Roslindale Branch. 

HOW'S THAT? 

The other evening, a man holding in 
either hand a pre-school child entered 
South Boston Branch. The bigger tot, 
about four years old, looking around in 
amazement at the library, still bright and 
beautiful despite the seven years of ser- 
vice it has seen, announced to her father 
in those resounding tones of early child- 
hood: " This is the Kennedy Library.*" 



- 8 - 



AND THEN AGAIN — 

Many a day has passed 

With 

And then again — without 

A clean clear sky. 

Many a night has passed 

With 

And then again — without 

A bright moonlit sky. 

The pale grey clouds 

Hid the sun today 

But not the heat. 

Throughout the darkless day 

It rained 

And then again — did not rain. 

The rain was dirty 

And the drops were large 

As they fell down 

Smashing and splattering 

Upon the sidewalks. 

When it was dry and hot again 

The air tried to hide 

From the heat 

But only tied itself 

Into huge invisible knots. 



Tonight 

The moon stayed in bed 

Too tired and lazy 

To inspire 

A few frenzied lovers 

Lying in the dry dusty grass. 

Out in my back yard 

The dust lies quietly 

Waiting 

For some one 

To walk by 

To stir it up in to 

Fine grey-white clouds 

That cling to the leaves 

And dirty my little brother's face. 

g m a cumming 

4HHBHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHBHHHHH* 

DON»T 
FORGET 
TO 
PAY 
YOUR 
DUES 



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THE BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 



JULY 1964 



THE QUESTION MARK 
Published by the Boston Public Library Staff Association 
Volume XIX Number 7 July 196k 



Publications Committee: 



Publication date: 
The fifteenth of each month 



Michael Arnold j Jean Babcock; Barbara 
Bachrach; Jane Manthornej Sheila Stevens; 
Mrs, Bridie Stotzj George Scully, 
Cartoonist; Sarah Usher, Indexerj 
Edward J. Montana, Jr., Chairman 

Deadline for submitting material t 
The tenth of each month 



July and August are the lazy months, the hot months of the year, and your 
Committee is as well aware of these conditions as anyone. Therefore, in keeping 
with the spirit of the season, this editorial will be short and non-controversial, 
and the August issue of the QM will be omitted altogether. 

By the time we resume publication in the Pall we expect that there will 
have been many changes. We hope that the new book elevator will be finished by 
that time, and that the Regional System and State Aid will be in full swing. 

There will also, no doubt, be some new faces on the Staff and some old 
ones will have left us. In this regard we say goodbye now, and wish them well. 
They will all be missed. 

As for the rest, relax, enjoy yourselves and have a wonderful summerj 



THE PUBLICATIONS COMMITTEE 



m 2 - 



PRESIDENT'S NOTES 

I have very little to report now that 
the sailing, traveling and climbing 
season has arrived. The next meeting of 
the Executive Board does not take place 
until the end of July. 

The committee which was appointed in 
June, by the Executive Board, to gather 
information on the pros and cons of 
unions will make their report to the 
Board at our July meeting. The informa- 
tion they gather will accompany the poll 
which will be sent to the membership 
early in the fall. 

I recently returned from the ALA < 
Convention in St Louis and while the 
weather was far from ideal, I saw and 
heard a great deal which should mean a 
good many changes in the future concepts 
of public libraries. At one of the SORT 
meetings I was called upon to give a 
brief outline of the activities of the 
BPLSA. I naturally took the opportunity 
to tell the group about the success of 
the Camelot Bazaar and the later presen- 
tation to Mrs Kennedy. I am pleased to 
report that their response was very 
enthusiastic. A great many questions 
were asked and amazement expressed that 
such a large group could cooperate so 
completely and so harmoniously. One of 
the members of the group was so intrigued 
by the idea that she asked many specific 
questions with an eye toward planning a 
program in her own organization. Someone 
from out West wanted to know if all the 
members of the BPL staff were Democrats] 

The Executive Board and I extend our 
sincere best wishes to Mr & Mrs Gaines 
for success and happiness in his new 
position in Minneapolis. 

MARY T. CROWE 

THE STAFF IN PRINT 

The latest number of The Book Collector 
(Summer, 196U) contains a Note, "Lord 
Byron and Mr Coolidge of Boston," by 
Ellen Oldham, Curator of Classical Liter- 
a ture, describing a presentation copy of 
Byron's Marino Faliero, Doge of Venice, 
recently acquired by the Library. 



HIGH FLYING PROSE 
(from a graduate student.).' 

Letter received by a Reference Department 

"Blessings on youj In writing a disser- 
tation one frequently has to resort to 
letters to clear up certain questions 
because limited resources simply prevent 
one from frequent and wide travels, and 
most of the time one has to deal with 
confused nincompoops of a singularly un- 
interesting variety. Therefore, your 
quick, full, marvelous reply was simply 
astounding and much, much appreciated. 
If there is a scholars' heaven, you 
deserve it; if there is a seventh heaven, 
you have earned it. ... Maybe I should 
wish you a lovely place in the Elysian 
Fields and desire (as Milton would have 
it) the flowery-kirtled Naiades to escort 
you there. (Not now, of course. Only 
after many, many fruitful years.)..." 

THANK YOU 

We, the Publications Committee, would 
like to take this opportunity, mid-way 
through the year, to express our grati- 
tude to all those who have taken the time 
to write articles or notices for the Q.M. 
Without your cooperation our magazine 
would consist of not much more than an 
editorial and a cartoon. Thank you. 

■5HHHHHHH>^HS^HHHH«KHHH«HH«HHHHHHHHHHt 



The humid air 

Clings tightly 

A wet jacket 

That refuses to dry. 

The smell 

Of rain and sweat 

Covers everything. 

A fallen raindrop 

Lies on the dirty street. 

Yet, it has stopped raining. 

g m a cumming 



-s.3- 



PERSONAL NOTES 



William C. Maiers 



Entered : 

Assunta Donisi - Book Selection 
Sheila M. Powers - Book Purchasing 
M. Elixabeth Friermood - South Boston 
Susan Ann Smith - Book Stack Service 
Maryfaith Sullivan - Hospital Library 

Service 
Lois B. Lyman - 'Washington Village 
Ruth Goddard - Cat. & Class. - Ref . 
Lucia L. Blackwelder - Print Dept. 
Martha L. Parker - Cat. & Class. -Ref. 
Sharon Haines - Book Preparation 
Katherine Ann Herron - General Reference 

Terminations : 

Alberta K. Decker - Branch Issue -another 

position 
Mrs. Carol A. Feurstein-Bookmobiles -to 

be home 
Donna J. Bennert-- West Roxbury -moving 

out of city 
Mrs. Mary H. Collazzo - Central Charging 

Records 
Blanche Lynch - Hyde Park -move out of 

state 
Richard Vesey - Branch Issue - return to 

college 
Ruth Friedman - Uphams Corner - another 

position 
John J. Cronin - Stock and Supplies - 

military leave 
Ronald McLeod - Audio-Visual - military 

leave 
Christine K, Schultz - Book Preparation 

Transferred : 

Joan L, Vallee to Rare Book from Cat. 

& Class -Tief » 
Edward Simone from Book Purchasing to 

Kir stein 

Married : 

Jennie M. Femine (Mt. Bowdoin) to Stanley 

Kielczewski, (Adams Street), June 21. 
Christina Jaffe (Information Office) 

to Edward Nee (former employee), June 

17. 
Lana M. Mayberry (Division Office 

HR&CS), to DaviU W, Reed, June 20, 
Marjorie McCabe (Bookmobile) to Thomas 

J e Whalen, June 6, 196U. 

Retired : 

Arthur Mulloney - Govermnemt Documents 

Marion R* Herzig - Roslindale 

Pearl Smart - South End 

Taimi Lilja - South Boston 



Those staff members who knew William C. 
Maiers, were saddened by his passing, on 
July h, 196U 

The pristine new Copley Square building 
had been opened to the public but two 
years, and horse cars were still the main 
means of transportation in the city, when 
in 1897, a bright young lad presented him- 
self to the library as a potential employ- 
ee. His alert appearence won him immedi- 
ate acceptance by Mr Herbert Putman, who 
was then the Director and who later won 
international fame as Librarian of 
Congress. He was employed as a "runner" 
at 13.50 per week. The ability of young 
Maiers did not go unrewarded; six months 
later in March, I898, his salary was 
raised to $5.00 per week.' During his 
fifty-two years with the Boston Public 
Library - (he retired in 19u9) Mr Maiers 
made an outstanding contribution to the 
library. He served in the Fine Arts, 
Music, Issue and Rare Book Departments 
before his appointment as Chief of Book 
Purchasing Department in 1933. He was a 
"book" man in the truest sense of the word. 
The library as an institution has benefit- 
ed greatly by his astute sense of book 
values and his many practical innovations 
in the purchasing processes. To the 
staff, however, Mr Maiers will be remem- 
bered with affection for his soft heart, 
well -hidden by a gruff exterior, and for 
his wonderful sense of humor. Those who 
were priviledged to work closely with him 
will consider that experience one of the 
most enriching of their lives. He once 
said he had "contentment in retirement". 
We know he had contentment and a sense of 
great accomplishment in his work. The 
library will long feel the impact of his 
personality. 

EDNA G. PECK 

The cool air 

Blows over the trees 

Bringing spring-smell 

Each gust 

Each invisible eddy 

Stirring 

Spread the scent. 

g m a oumming 



- IT - 



Charles J. Gillis 

This library suffered a severe loss 
when our Deputy Assistant Director, 
Charles J. Gillis, died on July 3, 1961*. 
His death was a serious loss to his 
family as he leaves his wife and three 
boys. "Charlie", as we. all called him, 
worked here when he wa& in high school 
and went on a full time basis in February 
1927 in the Branch Catalogue where he 
served as Second Assistant and First 
Assistant until he was appointed Chief of 
Central Charging Records in June 1956. 
In 1962 he was appointed Deputy Assistant 
Director. 

Charlie was a veteran of World War H, 
serving as an artificer and also did 
radar work. He was very interested in 
that phase of operations and attended 
classes at Northeastern and Franklin 
Technical Institute. While in the Navy 
he went to the Radio and Material School 
in Chicago, the Massachusetts Technical 
Institute in Lowell and the Hallberry 
School in Lexington, 

Charlie was very active in the old 
Employees Benefit Association. He also 
served as vice-president of the Staff 
Association and was Editor of the Ques- 
tion Mark. Charlie had an excellent 
sense of humor and was the most reliable 
of employees. He will be missed by all. 



Working in the B.P.L, came naturally to 
the Gillis family. Margaret (Mrs Gillis) 
was an employee here before her marriage, 
and the oldest of the boys, Malcolm, 
served his term in the Patent Room. We 
look forward to the coming of David and 
Charles who will, no doubt, carry on the 
family tradition. 



A TRIBUTE 

Charles J. Gillis - his military bear- 
ing brightened our corridors for many 
years. I like to think as I walk up the 
stairs to Stack 3 that he's just around 
the corner out of sight. 

His sense of humor was whimsical and 
gentle. If you stop beside a group of 
staff when they're gathered at a lunch 
table, in the courtyard, in front of the 
building, you will hear us remembering 



aloud some of the many times he made us 
smile. He made us smile with our hearts 
as well as with our lips. 

Those of us who worked for him have a 
special legacy. We remember his fairness, 
his understanding, his rocklike serenity. 
We are tied to him by a bond of respect, 
trust and affection. 

It's hard to understand the tragedy of 
his death. But until we do, I like to 
think as I walk up the stairs to Stack 3 
that he's just around the corner out of 
sight. 

See you later, Beauty Boss. 

SOCIAL NOTES 

Taind Lilja 

As the sun won its hesitant battle with 
the enveloping clouds on the morning of 
June 9, South Boston Branch Library emer- 
ged from the threatening fog, and in all 
its shining splendour became the focal 
point of interest for many B.P.L. staff 
members. This was indeed "the day that 
was" - for on this lovely day in June 
Taimi Lilja observed her "graduation" as 
a Boston Public Library staff member. 
Her wide contacts with her staff associa- 
tes when she served over the years as a 
worker with both children and adults had 
won for Miss Lilja a wide circle of 
friends. As they gathered from all the 
units of the B.P.L., and far beyond its 
confines, these friends became aware anew 
of the beauty and charm of the South 
Boston Branch Library building and its 
charming garden. 

Mrs Irene Tuttle and her staff served 
as most gracious hostesses. The dainty 
buffet luncheon attests to the fact that 
librarian and cook may well by synonymous 
terms. The focal point of the dainty 
salads, tempting sandwiches, delicious 
cakee, including the special 7-layer cake 
by you know who, refreshing punch, tea 
and coffee, was a centerpiece bearing a 
"farewell" cake, surrounded by flowers 
from the South Boston garden. Mrs Tuttle 
and her staff were assisted by several 
members of the Mattapanock Woman's Club 
with which both Mrs Tuttle and MLss lilja 
have been associated for several years* 
MLss Lilja who looked charming in a 



-5- 



rose-hued summer gown. received her guests 
with gracious pleasure. 

Mr J.M.Carroll, Chief Librarian, 
Division of Home Reading and Community 
Services, with his usual candor-spiced- 
with-wit, presented the guest of honor 
with an appropriate retirement card, 
containing a substantial amount of green 
folding paper bearing the photographies of 
Grant, Hamilton and other national digni- 
taries. Mr Carroll expressed appreciation 
to Miss Lilja for the outstanding contri- 
bution she made to the B.P.L. during her 
years of service, and spoke for her 
friends and associates when he wished her 
well in her forthcoming busy retirement. 

Bon voyage to Taind Lilja as she goes 
out into the world on this, the second 
stage of her career. 

EDNA G. PECK 
***** 

On Tuesday, July liith, Miss Phyllis 
Sutton resigned from her position as a 
Library Assistant in the Open Shelf 
Department to assume her new duties as an 
assistant at the Rotch Architecture 
Library at the Massachusetts Institute of 
Technology. 

A luncheon was given in Miss Sutton's 
honor at the Town Room of the Sheraton 
Plaza by members of the department. Miss 
Sutton was presented with a corsage and a 
copy of Boston; Portrait of a City, by 
Whitehill. She plans a vacation with her 
family in Cleveland, Ohio before starting 
her new assignment on August 3rd. 

We are sorry to see such an efficient 
and dedicated young librarian leave the 
Open Shelf Department and the BPL. Her 
intelligence and charm made her an asset 
both to the public and to her co-workers. 
We wish Miss Sutton every success in her 
new position. 

A member of the staff jokingly wrote 
GONE in the now empty space on the daily 
schedule following Miss Sutton's name. 
Shortly afterwards another member added 
to it - BUT NOT FORGOTTEN. 

DAVID WILSON 



*********5HHHHHHHHHHHBHf**** 



SHADES OF NIGHT 
The day has turned 
And walked away -— 
An unfinished job behind. 
The night creeps up 
Looking 

For something to hide 
To keep for itself 
Till it returns. 

* 

The cold wind 

Rushes by 

Screaming 

And lashing out at everything 

While the night sighs 

In disgust 

Over a bitter friend. 
* 
The cold figures 
Hurry by 

Forgetting everything 
Even the rose bush 
Because it is night. 

g m a cumming 

*** 



*■» GO *• 



ALA. - ST. LOUIS - 196k 
Reference Services Division 

The Reference Services Division spon- 
sored a program on the publication and 
reference use of U.S. government publica- 
tions in the field of law. Carper W # 
Buckley, Supt. of Documents, complained 
about the complaints he received. Kate 
Wallach, Louisiana State University, read 
a scholarly paper on the use of govern- 
ment documents in legal reference work* 
Miss Wallach cited several instances in 
which government publications contained 
the key information to solve legal tan- ' 
gles. Luther Evans, Columbia University, 
said we cannot discard government publi- 
cations. We may have to put them in 
warehouses, but the best method of pre- 
serving this material for future genera- 
tions seems to be by the use of microfilm. 

The Interlibrary Loan Committee had a 
panel discussion on the changing pattern 
of interlibrary loan. Doctoral disserta- 
tions are proving to be a dilemma, partly 
because there is no publication that gives 
adequate information on, or indexing of, 
completed dissertations. In spite of the 
agreed policy not to request dissertations 
on interlibrary loan if they can be pur- 
chased from University Microfilms many 
libraries are not abiding by this agree- 
ment.. 

Schuyler C. Mott, Bernards viHe Public 
Library, reported on the program that was 
necessary to educate librarians in New 
Jersey on the potential and use of inter- 
library loan. The resulting code provides 
that delinquent borrowers aoe not given 
interlibrary loan privileges and the 
borrowing library attempts to get the book 
back if the borrower does not return it* 

David W« Heron, University of Nevada, 
surveyed the use of photocopy as a sub- 
stitute for interlibrary loan. His study 
showed that interlibrary loan would be 
more effective if it required less book- 
keeping and less correspondence. The 
major cost seems to be in bibliographical 
identification and in transportation. 
The majority of libraries substitute 
photocopy for interlibrary loan, would 
accept for themselves the automatic sub- 
stitution of photocopy for interlibrary 
loqn, and believe the minimum cost should 
be one dollar* 



ALA. Council 

At the Council meeting on Monday, 
June 29, President Frederick H. Wagman 
reported that fifty-three agencies will 
cooperate in a conference in March 1965 
on student use of libraries. It will be 
concerned not only with service to those 
already committed to library use, but 
with illiteracy and potential library 
users through the anti-poverty legisla- 
tion proposed by the President. The 
prospects for federal aid to libraries 
have improved. 

Treasurer Arthur Yabroff disclosed that 
the Association exceeded its budget by 
$35,000 because the cost of data proc- 
essing was underestimated [the machine 
system is not working well]* Income from 
different sources was consolidated in 
order to allocate the budget more effec- 
tively. The increased income from higher 
membership dues may be levelling off and 
other sources of income must be sought. 

The Council approved the applications 
for affiliation with ALA by the Medical 
Library Association and by the American 
Documentation Institute* 

The Intellectual Freedom Committee, 
Archie L. McNeal, chairman, reported that 
the problem of segregation was of para- 
mount concern. Book selection was im- 
portant too, with representation of all 
points of view on controversial questions 
desired. One difficulty is the time lag 
between the incidence of a problem and 
ALA's taking action on it. 'Mr.. McNeal 
said that proposals for reducing the time 
lag itfould be presented. 

David Clift discussed the reorganiza- 
tion of headquarters, with the grouping 
of like responsibilities together in 
order to make better use of staff abil- 
ities. Salaries were revised last 
autumn for grades 13 through 16, with an 
average increase of 11 percent. Grades 
1-12 needed to be improved but increases 
were not included in the 1°6!j./65 budget. 
Forthcoming staff changes include the 
retirement of Mrs. Grace Stevenson next 
spring. 

The Council, on Friday, July 3, heard 
a report on the establishment of research 
facilities at ALA headquarters. Funds 
will be available for an Office for Re- 
search as of March 1, 1965. The Commit- 
tee on ALA Publishing found that chaotic 
bibliographic control and distribution 
of ALA publications existed. The funds 



-?~ 



ALA. Council cont. 



COn- ssts 



were insufficient for the existing and 
future e:cpanding publishing program. 
There was a need for experts rather than 
amateurs to expedite publishing and se- 
cure a wider range of professional liter- 
ature. 

The Committee on Constitution and By- 
Laws submitted several amendments that 
would allow state and regional library 
associations to attain or withdraw from 
chapter status. 

Honorary memberships for life were 
voted for, and accepted by, Joseph Wheeler bur 
and Keyes Metcalf, 

The Membership Meeting followed the 
elusion of the July 3 Council meeting, 
with several reports repeated at this 
meeting. A letter protesting the Nationalb 
Library Week award to the Mississippi 
Library Association was refuted as an ALA 
award since the awards are made by the 
Steering Committee of the National Book 
Committee. 

A motion was then made that ALA officewVoake 
and headquarters staff should refrain 
from visiting state association meetings 
in their official capacity, or at ALfi 
expense, when the state association is 
not a chapter of ALA. This was directed 
at state associations that do not allow 
negroes to join. After an hour's pro 
and con discussion the motion was ap- 
proved. 



The term for a version of a Bible will 
precede the publication date in the head- 
ing, bringing all editions of the same 
/ersion together in the catalog. 

Testing the form for personal names at 
the Library of Congress showed the desir- 
ability of filling out initials when there 
Ls a conflict, or likely to be a conflict, 
Ln names. The use of dates, instead of 
mused forenames, was also approved. 

On titles for nobility the British point 
of view prevailed, keeping the title, as 
in the 19U9 code. 

The British subheading corresponding to 
Laws, statutes, etc . and Ordinances, 
3tc . is Laws, bye laws, etc . In the inter- 
of simplicity and uniformity the 



•* 



Catalog Code Revision Committee 

The Catalog Code Revision Committee 
held a two-day pre-conference meeting 
preceding the ALA Conference. Present at 
the meeting were Noel Sharp and Philip 
Escreet, representatives of the Cata- 
loguing Rules Subcommittee of theCEritieh] 
Library Association. The Committee dis- 
cussed the rules for uniform titles 
[principally the Bible] and for legal 
materials . 

One of the decisions made was to depart 
from the Anglican canon of the Bible with 
respect to Apocrypha. The individual 
books of the Apocrypha will be entered 
like other books of the Bible under the 
heading Bible. O.T., discarding the term 
Apocrypha. Collected editions of Apoc- 
ryphal books will be entered under the 
editor, with appropriate subject entry. 



Committee voted to use Laws, etc . under 
all jurisdictions. Other changes pro- 
osed by the American Association of Law 
Libraries were accepted, especially those 
Cor court rules.. 

Sumner Spalding, the editor, will pre- 
pare a draft for Midwinter that will be 
reasonably final, but the Committee can 

changes. Rules for non-book as well 
as for book materials will be included. 
The descriptive Cataloging Committee, 
jnder the chairmanship of Bernice Fields 
of Yale, is making good progress and hopes 
bo have its report ready for incorporation 
■;ith the rules for entry. However, the 
Catalog Code Revision Committee is facing 
a financial crisis since its funds will 
run out this autumn, 

,* 



Membership Committee 

The ALA Membership Committee learned 
that there were 25,112 members on May 1, 
L96U, compared with 22,929 on May 1,1963<» 
This represented a 7«3 percent gain in 
lembership. An $8,000. increase in the 
nembership promotion budget has been re- 
quested, but final approval will not be 
given until November. With this increased 
allotment it is hoped to reach many of the 
sixty percent of American librarians who 
lo not belong to ALA, 

Ray Granberg, Data Processing Supervisor 
at ALA, reported that the IBM system was 
twice as expensive as projected. Conse- 
quently the information on the IBM member- 
ship cards will be reduced and simplified, 

ALA Membership Day has been scheduled 
Cor October 28, 196U, 

MILDRED C. O'CONNOR 

\/ -■' Sf - ' \4 v/ \ ,- \f \l \j w W * \f ' ' w Xf v/ \' \/ \f \' \t \t w w w \' \l ■ ■ w s* \' 



« c — 



Children's Services Division 



The Newbery-Caldecott Awards Dinner was 
first on the program of events planned by 
the Children's Services Division for the 
ALA Conference at St. Louis. It was a 
gala affair held in the Khorassan Room of 
the Chase Park Plaza. Librarians from 
all areas of service came as did publish- 
ers and authors. Altogether there were 
about twelve hundred people in attendance; 
they came to enjoy the dinner, to meet 
old friends, to renew acquaintances, but 
primarily they came to witness the pre- 
sentation of the awards, to hear the 
gracious acceptance speeches and to meet 
the award winners. 

Mrs Emily Cheney Neville was awarded 
the John Newbery Medal for It's Like 
This, Cat , the story of a modern boy 
growing up in New York. . Author-illustra- \, 
tor, Maurice Sendak, received the Ran- 
dolph Caldecott Medal for his picture 
book Where the Wild Things are, a tale of 
Max, sent to bed supperless for behaving 
like a "wild thing" and how he found 
solace in the world of his imagination. 

Both award winners in their acceptance 
speeches recalled something of the back- 
ground and experience that went into the 
making of their prize winning books. 

It was a most delightful evening. 

The membership and business meeting of 
the Children's Services Division was held 
on Wednesday evening at Kiel Auditorium. 

Several changes were suggested in the 
CSD By-laws. They were put to a vote, 
and accepted by the membership. See May 
issue of Top of the News pg. 320. 
. The CSD election results were announced 
and the new officers were presented. 
They are Helen R. Sattley, Director, 
School of Library Service, N. Y. City 
Board of Education, the new president? 
Mrs Sarah H. Wheeler, associate professor, 
School of Librarianship, University of 
Washington (Seattle), vice-president and 
president-elect; Anne R. Izard, child- 
ren's consultant, Westchester Library 
System (Mount Vernon, N.Y.), treasurer. 

Reports by various committees brought 
out the fact that they have been engaged 
in some interesting and exciting activi- 
ties. 

The Division has worked on book lists 
for several projects, among them program 
series such as "Discovery '6U", "Explor- 
ing", and "Carnival of Books". At the 
request of the U.S. Junior Chamber of 



Commerce the Division set up an Advisory 
Committee to help the USJCC develop its 
national "Good Reading for Youth" program. 
Books have been assembled to form an 
exhibit. A pilot program to use the 
exhibit in state wide demonstrations has 
been developed. 

Report was made on the use of books for 
educational television programs. There 
has been in many cases difficulty in 
clearing permissions for use. The Bowker 
Company has been experimenting with an 
arrangement for simplified handling of 
ETV permissions and will publish a series 
of "Available Rights" catalogs which will 
list books which participating publishers 
have cleared for use by ETV stations 
under specified conditions. 

The report on periodicals for children 
was not read but the May issue of Top of 
the News, pg. 307, has an interesting 
article by Elizabeth Johnson of Lynn 
Public Library and chairman of the CSD 
Magazine Evaluation Committee. 

Following the business meeting there 
was a preview of the film Island of the 
Blue Dolphins based on Scott O'Dell's 
Newbery Medal book. This film endorsed 
by the Division will be released for 
general distribution late in July. Boston 
Children's Librarians had opportunity to 
view this film at a showing in the Spring. 

Thursday evening at the Khorassan Room, 
Chase Park Plaza Hotel, the CSD presented 
an unusual and charming film produced 
especially for this program meeting by 
the Weston Woods Studios. The title of 
this excellent film is " The Lively Art of 
Picture Books" . 

The film narrated by John Langs taff and 
featuring Robert McCloskey, Barbara 
Cooney, Maurice Sendak as well as the 
work of other artists is a joy to see. 

It is a film for librarians and educa» 
tors, for parents and other adults. We 
hope it can be made available for showing 
to B.P.L. staff members during the coming 
year. 

R.M.H. 



~ o „ 



Public Library Administrators: 
Committee on Interlibrary Cooperation 

This series of three presentations 
were very interesting and pertinent in 
terms of local events. Each program 
highlighted one speaker followed by a 
question and answer period. On Monday, 
Mr. Harold Hacker spoke about New York 
State regional experience in general 
and the Monroe County Library System 
especially. His library system serves 
k, 000 square miles and some 200,000 
people. New York State depends on 
"gradualism," building up strong central 
libraries with a collection of some 
100,000 volumes j excluding fiction. The 
present systems only became possible 
after eight years of missionary effort 
that resulted in the law of 1958. 
Four years later the state had 16 
systems in operation. There are now 22 
systems in operation. The role of the 
regional library in New York State 
is largely that of coordinating in 
the fields of planning and offering 
leadership. The Regional Libraries do 
have a role in fiscal planning, 
consultation, public relations, liaison 
between state and local libraries, 
and so on. Nothing is taken away from 
the local library. The regions are 
operated on the theory of a system- 
wide uniform card, with liberal return 
privileges. Interlibrary loan arrange- 
ments are maintained. They have 
offered certain new services such as 
audio-visual aids and bookmobiles, 
although it is preferred to encourage 
better libraries than to fill in with 
bookmobiles. The regional system 
offers in-service training and ex- 
hibit assistance. A delivery service 
is basic. Fer capita local support has 
gone up 300$, local tax support has 
gone up lt20$, state aid has gone up 
1,600- #. Mr. Hacker said that the 
three things needed to get a regional 
system working are missionary zeal, good 
planning and teamwork. 

The second day was given over to Miss 
Maryan E, Reynolds of Washington State 
Library. Miss Reynolds supplemented 
Mr. Hacker's three essential concepts 
with a fourth - execution. She then 
described a system that had everyone 
sitting on the edge of his chair. No 
doubt circumstances vary greatly 
between New York and the state of 
Washington, but it was very interesting 



to hear Miss Reynolds speak of an effect 
tive regionalism that required total 
amalgamation of the local library into 
the system. The local library signs over 
title to its building, its book collec- 
tions, its hiring of personnel, and so 
on. Washington started on a demon- 
stration basis and its brand of regional- 
ism has caught on. A library can with- 
draw from a system but it would have to 
negotiate for what it could recover from 
its original incorporation into the 
region. The general idea seems to be 
that such superior service is made 
possible by pooling into the region 
that such issues as local autonomy 
become academic. The local library is 
called a "Community Library" so they 
will not feel like a branch, which they 
are... No compromise is allowed for the 
good of the library service as a whole. 
Another cohesive element is the tax 
basis which, through a county system 
and a state grant, made regionalism 
financially attractive. Seattle and 
King's County make up one system. The 
questions largely concerned book 
selection, which seemed to be thoroughly 
centralized, and how Washington was 
able to get such capitulation from the 
local library. 

The third day Mr. Robert Ake spoke of 
practical methods used in advancing the 
state legislative program for library 
service in Maryland which might well 
have pertinence elsewhere as well. There, 
a library would not hesitate to hand 
out a message in bookmark form, urging 
the borrower to write to the legisla- 
tors to support certain bills. The 
Maryland Library Association did not 
hesitate to use lobbyists. Money was 
budgeted for personal expenses, enter- 
taining, etc., from the State Library 
Association funds. Mr. Ake spoke of 
the practical pitfalls of trying to get 
along without legal counsel in writing 
a bill, or getting along without 
practical guidance in shepherding a 
bill through the legislative process. 
His final admonition was never to relax 
until the bill was truly signed, sealed 
and delivered - as you wanted it. 
Three practical expositions based upon 
practical experiences. 



-10 - 



Association of Hospital and Insti- 
tution Libraries 

This group of dynamic professional 
librarians had a program that would have 
been rewarding for anyone to have crashed* 
Once they had completed their business 
meeting, and their membership meeting, and 
had had their coffee break, they turned 
their meeting over to a very dynamic 
speaker from the American Red Cross, 
Miss Gloria Ober stein, who gave, in 
thumbnail fashion, guidance on the 
American Red Cross system for a very 
successful volunteer program, all of 
which seems applicable to any personnel 
relationship. Define the job; establish 
the community need; recognize that the 
individual being recruited must remain 
an individual; give the person sat- 
isfactory training; check for perfor- 
mance; have a manual; be flexible, etc.. 
She mentioned such things as orien- 
tation, making the staff member feel 
welcome, showing the whole picture, In 
the speaker's personal situation, one 
professional is coordinating 600 
volunteer workers serving 360,000 
people J Mrs. Selma Gale of the United 
Hospital Fund in New York had some very 
practical information about the way the 
patient and staff hospital libraries 
in the New York City area have 
been able to provide service by recruiting 
volunteers, offering centralized 
training, using a film therein as well 
as workshops for both volunteers and 
librarians. Some of the training 
occupies a three day seminar. A third 
speaker, Eleanor Brandt of the Dallas 
Veterans Administration Hospital, 
spoke of her practical experiences using 
volunteers, supplementing, not replacing, 
the professional staff. Her situation 
might be thought to be a little different, 
since patients were involved for therapy 
purposes as well as for library 
assistance. 

During the discussion period you got 
all shades of opinion from those who 
would offer no services in the ward at 
all, rather than send in a volunteer, 
to those who thought the right volunteer 
was the happy solution. The question 
of tactfully advising the volunteer that 
her services were no longer helpful 
came up. The question of personalities, 
especially within the wards, came up. 
The question of turnover and personal 



plans of the volunteer's family taking 
precedence over volunteer commitment came 
up. There followed a generally optimis- 
tic point of view as to the contribution 
volunteers could make, with a practical 
enumeration of some of the shortcomings 
involved. 



Resources and Technical Services Division 
Cataloging and Classification Section 

A major topic of the convention was 
the innovations and advances in the 
methods of reproducing catalog cards 
and catalogs themselves. This, anong 
other aspects of data processing, was 
the subject of a three day pre -con- 
ference meeting. Papers at the 
convention meeting were necessarily 
brief but startlingly illuminating. 
Mr. Joseph Becker, Mr. Wesley C. 
Simonton, and Mr. Ralph Esterquest, in 
about an hour and a half, led one from 
the development of the punch card and 
hand tabulating applications in 
library work through the applications 
of the card-activated camera and 
into the areas of the uses of the 
computer in cataloging, with a facility 
of expression that allowed one to 
feel flatteringly intelligent about 
the matters being discussed. The 
message seemed to be that by unifying 
computer storage machines, coded recall 
devices and rapid scanners and printers, 
that remote communication of information 
over great distances, faithfully re- 
corded, could be accomplished. The 
question was, is it economically 
feasible? Through computer storage 
"techniques and rapid printers, the 
book catalog faces a revival. Basic to 
all these aspirations is the preparation 
of the material (catalog cards?) to 
be fed into the computer or camera. 
These must be manually filed, manually 
coded c This gives rise to two ad- 
ministrative questions. Should work once 
done be done over? Can descriptive 
cataloging be done when the book is 
ordered and the same text used through- 
out the computer process? Mr. Ester- 
quest of the Harvard Medical Library 
pointed out that Harvard's partic- 
ipation in a joint computerization 
project led to a minimization of the 



-31- 



repetitive activities, great accuracy 
of reproduction, and resulted in 
phenomenal speed in reproduction of 
materials. For example a finding list 

that used to take a day to prepare 
can now be fully produced through the 
computer in thirty minutes at a cost 
of &2!?. In their particular project, 
only current material is being 
computerized since it is estimated that 
7$% of use falls on that material. 

In another meeting, Miss Margaret 
Brown of the Philadelphia Free Library 
explained how Philadelphia has progressed 
toward putting out multiple book 
catalogs in place of card catalogs. 
Again, there had to be a starting point 
With the development of their regional 
libraries, each served some 1*00,000 
people, new inclusive collections were 
put together. By having a policy 
that allowed no extension agency to 
huy a title unless it is in Central, 
a centralized book catalog is made 
more possible. This system produces 
a catalog which is very helpful in 
book selection, reading guidance, and 
certain general information areas, as 
well as serving as a union catalog. 
Los Angeles County expects to spend 
$600.^000 in the next five years in 
further developing its book catalog. 
Basic to this operation, again, is 
the preparing of good copy. Phil- 
adelphia maintains two card catalogs 
basic to the book catalogs. In a 
summarizing review of developments in 
the book catalog field prepared by 
Andrew D. Osbon, it was pointed out 
that a new code may have to be designed 
for cataloging for book catalogs and 
that libraries face problems of having 
to make heavy outlays under any 
circumstances. For example, the New 
York Library may have to fact the 
expenditure of $500,000 in the near 
future to improve its present card 
catalog "after 2 5 years of neglect." 
By 1972, the Library of Congress may 
be automated, but at the cost of %L2$ 
million. If this comes about the 
provisions of LC cards will then be 
a service provided for subscribers only, 
not for the Library of Congress itself. 

J.M.C. 

'3HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH( 



"Librarians," said Francis Keppel, 
"are rather like mosquitoes in a nudist 
colony. They see how much has to be 
done; they just don't know where to 
begin." 

With such frolicsome similes, the 
U.S. Commissioner of Education 
lightened the torpor of a warm St. 
Louis night. His talk at the opening 
session of the ALA Conference contained 
not only humor, however, but a serious, 
urgent message for librarians. 
Librarians, he stressed, are des- 
perately needed in the war on poverty 
because, with books and stimulating 
personnel, libraries can move deprived 
people from the wasteland of apathy. 

Dr. Keppel cited three libraries 
who have already enlisted in the fight 
against poverty and ignorance: 
Brooklyn Public Library has cooperated 
with the New York Department of Labor 
on "Operation Second Chance", a literacy 
program for native-born and Puerto 
Rican functional illiterates; Boston 
Public Library has lent facilities 
for tutorial programs; and Minneapolis 
Public Library has sent bookmobiles 
into slum areas. More and bigger 
library programs are needed — 
and anticipated— and they will be 
financed by the Economic Opportunity 
Act which has provided for special 
library services. 

Second of all, libraries must 
devise new ways to deal with the 
overwhelming flood of printed material. 
The information explosion necessitates: 
greater ingenuity in use of funds; 
establishment of regional resource 
libraries; more research on library 
organization. Library automation is 
on its way in. Information scientists 
will replace librarians if librarians 
aren't alert to the challenge. How- 
ever, librarians can be trained in 
automation, as the report of the 
National Library of Medicine already 
envisages. 

Today, Dr. Keppel concluded, is an 
exciting time for all who are creative 
in the library profession. For them, 
the future is unlimited. 

The mysterious process of reading 



- 12 - 



was explored at the joint YASD and ASD 
meeting on Thursday, July 2nd. In 
the morning Dr. Robert G. Carlsen, 
Professor of English and Education, 
State University of Iowa, ventured an 
intriguing theory concerning the 
reading done by young adults. However 
sophisticated or unsophisticated the 
reading level, he contended, college- 
bound adolescents (in this case, those 
from sixteen to twenty years old) 
read to obtain the same kind of 
experiences. They read, he indicated, 
for content only, not in appreciation 
of the style or literary artistry. 
They seek and respond to these kinds 
of themes: 1) the search for values, 
identity— who am I?-— for this reason 
they read: The Razor's Edge ; A 
Burnt-0",;t Case ; A Separate Peace; 

2) evocations of social injustice; 
social maladjustment— thus, Black 
Like Me; Ugly American; To Kill a 
Mockingbi rd are among t^heir favorites; 

3) bizarre characters and situations— 
their preference for Waugh's The 
Loved One ; Kafka's Metamorphosis , 

and Rand's The Fountainhead are 
illustrations . 

k) stories that move the adolescent 
into early adult life — Arrowsmith ; 
Great Expectations ; Betty Smith's Joy 
in the Morning are all popular with 
young people. 

The above themes are not the themes 
of great literature. The mature themes 
of an individual caught in the web of 
his own decisions (done so well in 
Shakespeare), the exploration of the 
bounds within which life must be lived 
(Hawthorne), the helplessness of man 
before fate (Hardy) cannot be apprec- 
iated by the adolescent. Reading 
maturity cannot - and should not be 
force-fed, Dr. Carlsen warned. It 
can come only with time. It is 
natural for a twenty-year old to 
idolize Golding. Shakespeare comes 
later. 



The Challenge to Libraries 

The recent national concern with 
poverty and its companion, ignorance, 
was reflected in the ALA Conference 
and in the thinking of prominent 
library leaders. Dr. Keppel sounded 
the theme in his opening address. 
The National Library Week meeting 
carried it forward with a program on 
"Libraries and Literacy" and an 
indication that the plight of the 
illiterate might be highlighted 
during National Library Week. 

William Kottmeyer, Assistant 
Superintendent of the St. Louis 
Public Schools, gave the following 
information concerning illiteracy. 
Approximately 11 million people over 
25 years of age in this country 
cannot read at the 6th grade level. 
Over one-half of the nation cannot 
read at the level of Time or Newsweek . 
The serious materials in newspapers 
are written at the 11th and 12th 
grade levels. And, as all 
librarians know, no materials 
exist for the beginning adult 
reader in the subjects he needs most- 
job opportunities and training, 
human relations, and homennaking. 

Chester Stovall, Director of 
the St. Louis Public Welfare Department, 
specified these ways in which libraries 
could help: 1) by direct leader- 
ship participation of library 
trustees and staff in pushing for 
more funds for libraries and materials; 

2) careful placement of libraries 
in areas accessible to illiterates; 

3) more concern for adults — more 
reaching out to them; h) provision 
of facilities for basic reading 
courses, adult tutoring, audio- 
visual centers, family programs; 

5) scheduling more evening hours 
to make the library more available 
to working people. 

Germaine Krettek, ALA Washington 
Office, saw libraries participating 
in the many projects being launched 
by the Economic Opportunity Act. 
Under Title 1, the Training Centers 
for a Job Corps (modeled after the CCC) 



~13 - 



will need libraries. Public libraries 
can help to build or provide these 
libraries. Those young people who stay 
at home (under the Work Training 
Programs) could work in clerical 
positions in libraries with little, if 
any, expense to the libraries. Under 
Title 2, General Community Act on 
Programs, libraries are expected to 
work with other community agencies in 
developing Adult Basic Education 
programs and other community projects. 
The funds, the support are available — 
all that is needed is creative library 
thinking. 



Adult Services Division 

At the Adult Services Division 
afternoon meeting on July 2nd, Dr. John 
Diekhoff , from the Center of the Study 
of Higher Education, University of 
Michigan, raised some provocative points 
concerning reading. Reading, he 
insisted, and even literacy itself, is 
not good in and of itself. At the 
same time he questioned the hierarchy 
of reading that is implicitly established 
in every reading survey. Commenting on 
a "Summary of Research on Reading 
Interests and Habits of College 
Graduates", (which will be published 
in January as a University of Illinois 
Occasional Paper), he decried the 
tendency to regard the reading of a 
book as better than the reading of a 
newspaper; of Harper as better than 
Time of Daedalus as better than 
Harper . Much depends on the reader — 
what he brings to his reading, what 
he takes away. The same book may not 
yield fun, knowledge or insight to 
two different readers. The idea 
that only the best is good is not a 
valid one. 

Dr. Diekhoff then quoted Dan Lacy, 
Director of the American Book Publishers 
Council, to the effect that libraries 
are being used more for purposive 
reading and less for recreational. 
Applying this statement to the college 
graduate, Professor Diekhoff saw the 



library as the logical institution 
to provide for his life -long learning. 
The college, he felt, could not 
undertake this role but could cooperate 
with the public library in providing 
for the continual education of its 
alumni o 

K. H. 

WHHttHaHHttmXKXXXXXttHXXKKXOXXXMttXMXHW*** 

ALA AWARD WINNERS 19oh 

Aurianne Award 

Emil Liers for Black Bear's Story 

Beta Phi Mu Award 

Charles C. Williamson, Greenwich, 
Connecticut 

Randolph J. Caldecott Medal 

Maurice Sendak for Where the Wild 
Th ings Are 

Melvil Dewey Medal 

John W. Cronin, director, Processing 
Department, Library of Congress 

Grolier Inc? Award 

Inger Boye, Highland Park, Illinois, 
Public Library 

Joseph W. Lippincott Award 

Robert B. Downs, Graduate School 
of Library Science, University of 
Illinois 

John Newbery Medal 

Emily Neville for It's Like This, Cat 

Scarecrow Press Award for Library 
Literature 

Edward G, Holley for Charles Evans , 

A merican Bibliographer 

H. W, Wilson Company Library Periodical 

Award 

C alifor n ia Librarian , California 
Library Association, Henry Madden, 
editor 



~aili-~ 



S • Jj « A . 



The Special libraries Association held 
its 50th convention at the Sheraton 
Jefferson Hotel, Saint Louis, Missouri,, 
June 7-11, 19&. The convention theme 
was "the Special Librarian as a Creative 
Catalyst". The speakers at the general 
sessions dealt with various aspects of the 
theme. 

In his keynote address, "The Education 
of a Catalyst", Dr Don R. Swanson, Dean of 
the Graduate Library School, University of 
Chicago, said librarians should not be 
content to become operators of library 
systems. Instead of special librarians 
working as research assistants they should 
help design systems that will provide a 
new kind of intensive, improved indexing. 
It is important for future librarians to 
specialize in mathematics or physics as 
disciplines that deal with the world about 
us in abstract terms, a type of training 
that is needed in order to design systems. 
The catalytic function can be effected 
without automation. Librarians should 
regard computer salesmen as criminals and 
avoid them as such. 

Dr William Stephenson, School of 
Journalism, University of Missouri, 
thought "The Creative Person" should have 
a happy-go-lucky disposition combined 
with curiosity, drive, technical skills, 
and ingenuity. Creativity depends nine- 
tenths on hard work and one-tenth on an 
agreeable personality. ,Dr .Stephenson con~ 
siders Robert Burns .a model creative perBcn 

Dr Daniel Green of Grove Laboratories, 
St. Louis, in his talk on "Creative 
Organization: The Librarian as a Manager", 
said that management is getting things 
done through people. Management is an 
attitude that is goal oriented and is not 
synonymous with administration. Following 
Dr Green's excellent orientation lecture 
on fundamental managerial practices there 
were workshop sessions with members 
arranged in groups according to the size 
of their library staff. Specific manage- 
ment problems were discussed in the work- 
shops and summaries of the discussions 
were reported at the reconvened general 
session. The greatest problem seemed to 
be that librarians are not always recog- 
nized as managers. The suggested solution 
was that it was up to the special libra- 
rians to improve their image by finding 
out management's plans (sometimes by 
roundabout methods) and anticipating the 



company's library needs. If this is not 
done the library may be wiped out in the 
next economy wave. 

At the business meeting one of the 
major reports was on the excellently 
written manual on standards for the 
Special Libraries Association prepared 
by Miss Ruth S. Leonard during her sabba- 
tical leave from Simmons College School 
of Library Science. 

The Social Science Division had several 
good programs on urban renewal. Vivian 
Sessions, Librarian, New York Public 
Library, City Planning and Housing Library 
gave behind-the-scenes peeks at her part 
in urban renewal politics, including 
budget and personnel problems. A bus 
tour of existing and planned urban renewal 
projects in Saint Louis explained the 
unusual wide-open spaces in the heart of 
the city. 

Rudard A. Jones, University of Illinois 
Small Homes Council-Building Research 
Council, believes private enterprise 
should be responsible for housing and its 
planning, with government involved only 
when private enterprise fails. Today 
developers are building town houses, a 
new name for row houses, in order to make 
maximum use of land, with the elderly and 
the young married couples creating a boom 
in apartment building. New building 
processes, with pre-fabricated components, 
put up houses in several weeks. The 
planning and building of housing has 
become a cross discipline between social 
sciences and engineering. 

Roy Wenzlich, of Wenzlich Research 
Corporation, Saint Louis, the oldest real 
estate research organization in the United 
States, reported on his interest in the 
factors affecting the demand and supply 
for real estate. Demand depends on popu- 
lation, but population forecasts are 
wrong because of the highly fluctuating 
birthrate. Mr Wenzlich discovered that 
if one considers only already existing 
age groups, one can forecast with some 
accuracy. The 30 to 3U year age group is 
at present shrinking rapidly, yet this 
group represents the major home buying 
public. On the basis of his studies 
Mr Wenzlich determined when this age group 
will increase in size again and predicted 
that the next big real estate boom will 
reach its peak in 1979. 

R. Buckminster ("Bucky") Fuller, an 



-1$- 



architect best known for his "Geodesic 
dome", in speaking on "Trends in Struc- 
ture and Mechanics of Libraries", fore- 
sees the day when libraries will have 
encyclopedias on everything, explaining 
even Einstein in language a child can 
understand. The problem of libraries is 
communication. With two-way IV coming up 
Mr Fuller believes there will be documen- 
tary libraries around the world to which 
anyone may dial for information. The 
problem of housing books will be met by 
having shelves on sprockets, a revolving 
device, which will expand the storage 
capacity as shelving may be six feet or 
sixty feet high. 

New nations begin their development at 
the highest level of developed nations. 
Because of this China will be the leading 
industrial nation by 1975. The United 
States will be forced to admit automation 
and send the replaced workers back to 
school. There will be a continuing pro- 
cess of getting out the next wave of 
higher capability and big cities will be 
just a major university. The Library's 
part will be to keep going this program 
of building human resources. 

The Documentation Division was respon- 
sible for a comprehensive display, and 
explanation, of electronic equipment 
showing computer-generated book catalogs 
and records. One of the more interesting 
was that of Sylvania Electronic Systems 
in Waltham. 

The Documentation Division also arrang- 
ed a workshop and demonstration on flow- 
charting and programing that was both fun 
and a challenge. After some excellent 
instructions in procedures, problems were 
assigned to the group. The instructors 
later gave the correct solutions. It was 
amazing how much could be learned in a 
three-hour session. 

On the lighter side, there was an 
evening trip down the Mississippi River 
on the steamer "Admiral" for the benefit 
of the SLA Scholarship and Student Loan 
Fund. Many, including Louis and Lee 
Rains, enjoyed dancing in air-conditioned 
comfort to the smooth music of a good 
orchestra. 

A night at the open air Saint Louis 
Municipal Opera, Forest Park, presented 
a colorful, excellent performance of "My 
Fair Lady". Unfortunately a heavy thun- 
der and lightning storm rained out the 
last three scenes. 

Saint Louisans always ask visitors 



what they think of the Saarinen Arch. 
This will be a key structure in the 
rebeautification of the central city and 
lies between the Old Saint Louis Cathedral 
and Old Capitol Building. At present the 
two arms of the Arch are about three 
hundred feet high, with the top yet to be 
built. There has been some difficulty 
with the shrinkage of the concrete in one 
arm so that the natives are convinced 
that the two arms of the arch will not 
meet, but will result in an arch within 
an arch. 

MILDRED C. O'CONNOR 

CRLC - June 25, 196k 

Librarians meet in the darndest places! 
The Spring gathering of the members of 
the Charles River Library Club was held 
in the white and gold Louis XV ballroom 
of the mansion on Commonwealth Avenue now 
occupied by the Boston Center for Adult 
Education. 

Next year's officers were chosen, and 
B. Gertrude Wade, Branch Librarian, 
Memorial and Mt. Pleasant, was chosen as 
Vice-President and President-Elect. 

The main speaker was George Dergalis, 
Lecturer, Boston Museum of Fine Arts and 
De Cordova Museum, Lincoln. Mr Dergalis 
spoke on trends in contemporary art, 
comparing so-called "modern" art, artists 
and methods with those of the Renaissance. 
The contrasts which he stressed were 
striking, and we all came away with a 
clearer understanding of what is often 
referred to as "those blobs on canvas". 

The meeting adjourned to the Public 
Gardens and the Arts Festival, parts of 
which were better appreciated than they 
had been before. 

E.J.M., Jr. 

#*-JHHHHHHHfr **X XX XXX XXX XXX XXXXKXMX X X 



GIVE TO CARE 



c 




would have chosen another field, I have 
j therefore named this species WROWAC 
[WRONG WAY CCRRJBAN], One WROWAC here, 
during the London Blitz, said the bombing 
was a good thing because it wiped out 
the slums. He did not consider the human 
beings and Wren churches who were destroy- 
ed at the same time, A female WROWAC 
said she hated to see "her" books go out 
because it meant hiriing boys to put them 
back on the shelves. And one current 
WROWAC says that a person unsuccessful 
in getting a book at the Central Library 
must be treated as if he were at a branch 
- leave a postcard and wait two or three 
days, even if $ or 6 copies of that book 
are available in another department here, 
A bas WRCWACS and POFLs 



Any contribution to the Soap Box must 
be accompanied by the full name of the 
Association member submitting it, togeth- 
er with the name of the Branch Library, 
Department or Office in which he or she 
is employed. The name is withheld from 
publication, or a pen name is used, if 
the contributor so requests. Anonymous 
contributions are not given consideration, 
The author of the article is known only 
to the Editor-in-Chief, The contents of 
the articles appearing in the Soap Box 
are personal opinions expressed by indi- 
vidual Association members and their 
appearance does not necessarily indicate 
that the Publications Committee and the 
Association are in agreement with the 
views expressed. Only those contributions 
not containing more than 300 words will 
be accepted. 



To the Soap Box: 

Some time ago, in an un- 
charitable moment, I was looking for the 
reasons which still keep our Library some 
furlongs from perfection, and discovered 
a small species of bottleneck which I 
identified and named POFL [POUND OF FLESH 
LIBRARIAN], 

Recently I came upon another such 
species, again with very few members, but 
who are in a position to inhibit the 
proper functioning of the Library and who 
give us a bad name. They are maverick- 
like, their reasoning takes a non- 
sequiturous twist, and they act contrary 
to their library professions, else they 



HARRY ANDREWS 

SUPPORT 
YOUR 

STAFF 
ASSOCIATION 

IT 
SUPPORTS 
YOU 



^Hov:HH:-rr-x-::-rriH:-;K<-x^^^ 



DON'T 
FORGET 
TO 
PAY 
YOUR 
DUES 
(AND THE ASSESSMENT, TOO) 



-1,7 - 




am 



i 



? WELCOME 



>L$/i f/i£ tdlt&L 



To "Run" or Not to "Run" 

Until May, 19f?l|, the Open Shelf Depart- 
ment tried to "run" slips between the 
Branch Issue Department and itself for 
requests for books not on shelf in the 
Open Shelf Department itself or referred 
to the Open Shelf Department from other 
departments. According to an explanatory 
memorandum dated July lh t lS5k$ "The Open 
Shelf Department and the Branch Issue 
Department indicated that trips for spe- 
cial requests for individual members of 
the public [30 or I4.O a day] were prevent- 
ing a full degree of normal service to 
other users of the library.,," On a busy 
day the $% tail was wagging the 95% dog. 

At that time, as now, there was a 
system to search for and deliver material 
from the Branch Issue collections to any 
unit of the library. Unsystematic tele- 
phone checking and "running" individual 
slips were monopolizing telephones and 
staff time so that organized Branch Issue 
service and other necessary activities 



of the Open Shelf Department were suffer- 
ing. Instead of being able to add staff 
to encompass this personalized service, 
we were in 195k facing reductions, a 
situation that has occurred more than 
once since 195k • The July 195k memoran- 
dum includes the sentences, "This is the 
result of full time and part time 
reduction of service. We are not happy 
about it," 

The policy adopted was intended to give 
uniform service at all times of the day 
to all users of the Open Shelf Department 
- or the Branches, or the Bookmobiles •• 
which the Branch Issue Department has a 
large responsibility for serving - and 
not vary from hour to hour, according to 
the lunch hour coverage or the night 
coverage or the familiarity of the staff 
member with the Branch Issue holdings, 
etc,, which confused the public. 

Ten years later we can surely re-examine 
any practices that a staff member wants 
to discuss. Optimistically we may be 
able to find a way to give this service, 
although it must be pointed out that 
coverage has not become more robust of 
late, in generalo 

Division of Home Reading and 
Community Services 



CONGRATULATIONS 



Congratulations to Mr. and Mrs. 
Thomas Fisher (Helene alias Rusty 
of the Personnel Office) on the 
birth of a six pound ten-and-one- 
half ounce baby girl on July 
2I4.. Both mother and daughter are 
reportedly doing fine (although 
we hear that the baby does not 
have its mother's russett-color 
hair). 



-b-:h* 



THE ARTS FESTIVAL 



V^ 





it's called NOT ON SHELF. 



/ I 




™ 



uestion 




THE BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 



SEPTEMBER 1964 



'THE Q U EST ION MARK 
Published by the Boston Public Library Staff Association 
Volume XIX Number 8 September 196h 

Publications Committee: Michael Arnold; Jean Babcock; Barbara Bachrach; Jane 

Manthorne; Sheila Stevens 3 Mrs. Bridie Stotz; George 
Scully, Cartoonist; Sarah M. Usher, Indexer; Edward J. 
Montana, Jr., C v airman 

Publication date ; Deadline for submitting material : 
The fifteenth of each month The, tenth of each month 

On one of our recent, but infrequent balmy days, we were sitting around musing 
on a variety of subjects, some real, some fantastic. One of the questions that 
crossed our mind was "What would happen if there were no Staff Association?" 

Admittedly this thought was pretty far-fetched, at least for the present, and 
no one needs to be told what effect it would have on the formal relations between 
the Staff as a whole and the Administration. But unlikelier things have happened 
before, and it is a truism that everything, no matter how large or how small, 
contains the seeds of its own destruction. Several of those seeds have been 
flying around the BPL lately. 

Perhaps the most important one is that too many members take the phrase "your 
Association" too literally. They apparantly need to be reminded that the BPlSA 
exists for all its members, and like any similar organization must be interested 
more in broad principles and programs and less in individual details, if it is 
to accomplish anything. The Administration has to work out its policies in the 
same way. In both cases everyone is satisfied as much as possible, but some- 
body always gets hurt, and because we lost the Garden of Eden long ago somebody 
always will. 

Anyone who has attended Executive Board meetings knoxjs how hard the Officers 
work in supporting the Staff's position. Anyone who has been on the Nominating 
Committee knows, for this reason, how difficult it is to persuade a member to 
run for office. So, the complaints of those who felt they were slighted by the 
recent salary adjustments, insofar as the Association is concerned, are not 
justified. To refuse to pay your dues because you did not pet exactly what you 
wanted is pretty selfish, because if nothing could have been done for you, a 
great deal was done for your friends. 

But the "seed" that best illustrates this point is that concerned with the re- 
action in certain quarters to the recent assessment of fifty cents. It was voted 
in an open meeting, and the Constitution Committee has declared it completely 
legal. The Association certainly needs the money. It is a small amount and for 
a good cause. So why the fuss? Some members are just slow (come on you, hurry 
up. The Treasurer is getting nervous.) Others have paid, under protest. This 
is allright too. They followed the ruling, even though they did not like it, 
and put their reasons in writing. It is perfectly respectable to have a difference 
of opinion and to support it; more people should do the same thing. If they are 
still not satisfied, we hope that they say so at the next meeting, and offer an 
amendment if they want to. 

However there is another group which does not follow this procedure. Its 
members do not complain, at least not in the right places, and they do not try 
to alleviate the situation. They merely Oppose. No matter what it is, or how 
good it is, if you are for it they are against it. If they were around when our 



- 2 - 

remote ancestor first came up with the idea for the wheel, the poor guy would 
never have had a chance, and we would all still be walking. They just sit 
behind their desks, clench their fists and Oppose* Well, so what? As long as 
that is all they do, what difference does it make? Ah, but that is the point. 
They have to get out of those chairs sometime, and when they do, then you really 
see some action. This occurs during those sacred periods of the day Relief and 
Lunch (or Supper as the case may be). They scoot through the building chattering 
and jabbering like so many defective tape-recorders until they roost and begin 
to tear someone or something to pieces. This time it just happened to be the 
assessment. 

But surely no one pays any attention, and there cannot be many of them. Right 
on the second point, wrong on the first. Because some of them have been here 
long enough and are old enough to know better, they invariably impress at least 
one person. And that person has a friend. And before you know it you have a 
Movement going, and people are walking around muttering, "They can't do this to 



mej" 



"I've got my rights $" "Who do they think they are?" 



The last is a good question. Who do "they" think "they" are, and who are "they." 
Well, look in the mirror and you will see who "they" are. "They" are you, the 
person next to you, and all of your friends. The Association has three business 
meetings. The QM is published eleven times a year. If you have any complaints, 
get them out. Nothing is going to be solved by beating the air. If you do not 
like the way something is done, complain, xiirite a letter to the Board, propose 
an amendment, run for office, but DO SOMETHING CONSTRUCTIVE, The Officers and 
Chairmen are really a very friendly group. After all, they were "only members" 
once too you know, and will be again. 

In the last analysis when you support the Association you are supporting your- 
self, and your friends. That ought to be good enough reason for anyone, 

THE PUBLICATIONS COMMITTEE 



PRESIDENT'S NOTES 

I have very little to report to you at 
this time since the activities of the 
Executive Board have been curtailed be- 
cause of late vacation schedules. 

The Board intsnds to work very serious. < 
ly at our next meeting on the extremely 
thorny problem of the LA salary schedule. 

Last week a notice was sent to all 
units of the Library stating that a 
training and indoctrinating session on 
branch library routines will be held 
late in September, This is a much need- 
ed step in the right direction which we 
hope will lead eventually to the estab- 
lishment of an in-service training pro- 
gram. It is to be hoped that the 
establishment of such a program will in- 
clude the adoption of a new, up-to-date 
and uniform method of work procedures. 

The poll concerning unionization is in 
the process of being completed and should 
be sent out to the membership very 



shortly. A statement concerning the pros 
and cons of unionization is also being 
prepared and will accompany the poll, 

I would like to add a few words to the 
excellent editorial written by the Edi- 
torial Staff of the QM. We have every 
right to be proud of the Staff Associa- 
tion. This was brough- home bo me when 
I attended the recent AIA Convention In 
making comparisons wit.i staff assoc_aoion 
representatives from other libraries, I 
found that we have accomplished a great 
deal in realizing the goals which are 
outlined in the Constitution. I also 
found that our relationship with our Ad- 
ministration is much more cordial, coop- 
erative and fruitful. 

For those of you who may not know or 
who may have forgotten, I would like to 
remind you of the object of the BPLSA as 
outlined in the Constitution: 

Cont, 



President's Notes Cont, 



- 3 - 



It shall be the object of the Associa- 
tion: 

a* to foster professional Librarian- 
shipj 

b, to further the common interests 
and welfare of the bibliothecal 
staff j 

c. and to promote greater efficiency 
in library service. 

However, we cannot afford to be compla- 
cent about our past, we must consider our 
present and more important, our future, 
I cannot emphasize too much the need for 
every member to play a more active and 
vocal role in the Association and to re- 
mind you that it is your Association and 
that we, the members of the Executive 
Board, were elected by you to serve you 

We cannot achieve the ob je ctives of 
the Association unless you tell us what 
your needs are and problems are. We 
welcome any questions and suggestions you 
may have, 

I would like to point out to you that 
the Association does not serve as a 
grievance Committee, We do not have the 
right or the desire to function as a 
union nor was the Association formed to 
serve as a bargaining agent, 

MARY T, CRCWE 
President 

■^^-:hkkkkhkhbkh:-x-:hhhhhkkhhkhhh: j > 
PERSONNEL NOTES 

Entered : 

Elizabeth Jordan - Mattapan 

James R» Sikes - Mattapan 

Ernest A, Di Ilattia - Science & Technology^ 

Laura Lewis - Book Purchasing 

Margaret Thrasher — General Reference 

Elizabeth Drake - Government Documents 

Doreen L, Greenwood - Book Purchasing 

Laurence H. Curtis - Book Purchasing 

Mary A, Campbell - Adams Street 

John J, McManus - Government Documents 

Jane Rust - Cataloging & Classification 

- Reference 
Donna Atwood - Mattapan 
John M, Pelose - Central Book Stock 
Elinor M, Wing - Roslindale 
Tina M, Ferri - Central Charging Records 
Paul E, Rossetti - Central Charging ', 

Records 



Mrs, 'Kathleen Knuettel - Bookmobiles 
George II, A, Cumming - Periodical and 
Newspaper [former Library Aide] 

Married ; 

Veronica T, Yotts [Audio-Visual] to 
Gerald Silverman, August 1, 196U, 

Brenda Hemingway [Mt, Pleasant] to Edwin 
Thomas Jr., August 29, 196U, 

Military Leave : 

William Scannell - Book Purchasing 

Transferred : 

Alice H, Waters from Government Documents 

to Open Shelf 
Linda Ponticelli from Book Selection HR&CS 

to Records, Files, Statistics 
Barbara Stenglein from Washington Village 

to Char lest own 
Antoinette Calabresi from Charlestown to 

Allston 
Michael Tiorano from Book Purchasing to 

Audio Visual 
James B # Lannon from Book Purchasing to 

Periodical and Newspaper 
Columba N, Bartolini from Memorial to 

North End 
Ruth II, Wall from Roslindale to Jamaica 

Plain 
Estelle Hite from Roslindale to Egleston 
Margaret Zindler from East Boston to 

Egleston 
Mary V, O'Brien from Mattapan to Brighton 
Maureen Wilson from Brighton to Codman 

Square 
Judith Grohe from Open Shelf to Codman 

Square 
Juliann DeKoning from West Roxbury to 

Brighton 
Maria C, Consoli from Egleston to East 

Boston 
Helen M, IIcDonough from Codman Square to 

Memorial 
Maty T, Crowe from Jamaica Plain to South 

Boston 
Sally Lee Shoemaker from Egleston to 

Cataloging and Classification [R&RS] 

Terminations : 

Howard P, Harris - Periodical & Newspaper 

- to move out of state 
Frederick D. Hill - Book Stack Service - 

return to school 
Martha McDermott - Bookmobiles - move to 

California 
Mrs, Audrey Anderson - Audio Visual - 

move to Texas 

Cont, 



.«- u *• 



Personnel Notes Cont , 

Phyllis M, Sutton - Open Shelf - to work 

at MIT 
Meredith McCulloch - Charlestown - move 

out of state 
Sandra Lee Meissner - Audio Visual - 

teach school 
Michael Lynch - Branch Issue - Resigned 
William Holmes - Book Stack Service - to 

move to California 
Leona Brabowski - Cataloging & Classifi- 
cation [R&RS] - attend nursing school 
Assunta Donisi - Book Selection [R&RS] - 

to attend college 
Gloria Falthzik - Mattapan - scholarship 

to college 
Irene Halstrom - Central Charging Records 

- teach school 

George F, Weinstein - Book Stack Service 

- to attend college 

Joseph T, Shea - Central Charging Records 

- teach school 

Arthur Wolman - Mattapan - another 
position 

Ruth McNamee - Parker Hill - retired 

Marion R. Herzig - Roslindale - retired 

Frances Williams - Hospital Library 
Service 

Pauline Winnick - Home Reading - resigned 

James Lannon - Periodical & Newspaper - 
return to school 

Peter McCallion - Government Documents — 
another position in school library 

David Morrissey - Government Documents ■» 
to teach school 

Frances E. Spencer - South Boston - 
another position 

Linda Sheehan - Cataloging & Classifica- 
tion - to attend college 

Carren L, iiundee - Cataloging & Classi- 
fication - to attend business school 

Evangeline Guzelis - Brighton 

Alice Frazzini - Cataloging & Classifi- 
cation - to stay at home 

Nancy McCormick - Book Stack Service - 
to attend college 

Susan Lee Bragan - Book Preparation - 
to attend college 

Susan A. Smith - Book Stack Service — to 
attend college 

Shirley Dent - Book Stack Service - to 
attend college 

Philip W, Wong - Book Purchasing - to 
return to college 

Carol Ann McClellan - Book Preparation - 
to return to college 

Leonard Gold - Book Stack Service - to 
attend college 



Bernard Hrul - Book Stack Service - to 

attend Wentworth Institute 
Gloria M, Randall - Records, Files 

Statistics - another position 
Roderick Slowe - Bookmobiles - resigned 

^hkhkhh:-^;hhh«-;hhhhhh:^-::-x-;hhhhkk:--k- 
MARY C. TOY 

It was with a deep sense of personal 
sorrow and loss that we learned of the 
death on August 6 of Miss Mary C, Toy, 
Chief, Emeritus of the Young People* s 
Room. Though she retired in 1951, after a 
forty-eight year career in the Boston 
Public Library, her influence will long 
be felt by those who had the privilege 
of knowing her, and sharing in her de- 
light in bringing good books to the 
children of our city. 

The high standards she required of 
those who served with her were a reflec- 
tion of her own character and profession- 
al pride » Beyond that, however, was a 
special pride in the Boston Public Li- 
brary, in whose service she would accept 
nothing less than the best # 

Miss Toy was a gentlewoman in the true 
sense of the word. Her quiet dignity 
often concealed a warmth and generosity 
of spirit which casual acquaintances 
failed to suspect # Those of us who knew" 
her better will cherish the memory of her 
quick sympathy for those in. sorrow, as 
well as her delight and pride in the 
successes of those who worked with her 
and achieved distinction in this and 
other professions. 

Handicapped for many years by poor eye- 
sight, Miss Toy was a pioneer member of 
-the Catholic Guild for the Blind, for 
whom she transcribed many books in BraiHe* 
Her doll collection was £requent3y dis- 
played for the delight of visitors to the 
Young People's Room, where the many dis- 
tinctive exhibits gave evidence of her 
concern that our Library should show 
forth the best because to quote Walter de 
la Mare, "only the best is worthy of our 
children," 

It is comforting to know that Miss Toy's 
death came at the conclusion of a happy 
journey with friends. The sympathy of the 
staff is extended to her cousin Miss Mary 
Beran, and Miss Katherine Doyle, with 
whom she made her home at 1906 Beacon St,, 
Brookline, 

ANNE E. ARMSTRONG 



-*..- 



"ELLIE" CONLIN 



In 1933 Elena Conlin entered the ser- 
vice of the Library, She was assigned to 
the Director's Office for ten years. As 
her duties concerned time records and 
other personnel matters, she was trans- 
ferred to the newly organized Personnel 
Office in 19U3 where she was employed 
until 19U8. She then left the Library, j 
returning seven years later as secretary 
to the Director. In May of this year, i 
for reasons of health, she retired. On 
September 8th she passed away, very 
suddenly. 

Quiet, unassuming Ellie made hosts of 
friends in the Library over the years and! 
she will be greatly missed. She had 
planned to go south to live and was look- 
ing forward eagerly to her new life there 
with her sister. It is very difficult tc 
realize that we will not see her again. 
She has left her mark in the hearts of 
her fellow workers at the BPL, 

■5HHHHHHXHBHKHHHKKHKHHH:-)KHBKHHHHHH«- 



MAY L. CROSBY 

i 
Miss May L. Crosby, \iho for many years I 
cataloged books in the Reference Division^ 
passed away during the month of August, 
Since her retirement ten years ago, Hiss j 
Crosby devoted much of her time to pre- 
paring books in braille for the blind. j 
Her ready smile and gracious manner won 
her many friends during her years in the 
Library. Her death is a great loss. 

. . *5«KKHKKHKKBHKHHHKKHHHKKHKKHHHHHHS- 

The following was received at the Jamaica 
Plain Branch and we thought it was worth 
sharing with the staff, 

DEAR IE. & MRS. BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY, 

I am so sorry to have held your books 
so long. 

lie went down to visit my brother in 
Maine for a week-end, and, like "The Man { 
Who Came to Dinner", stayed and stayed. 

My sister-in-law was shaking some j 
scatter rugs, tripped, and fell through 
the glass door of their sun porch. She 
cut her right arm and hand terribly, so { 
badly that she will never have full use j 
of her hand again, as tendons, etc., were* 
sliced through. j 

Since her two small grandchildren are f 
with her days and my brother, as a deputy; 
sheriff, is out much of the time, we 



stayed to hold the fort [the Alamo?] 
until things got organized. 

If I sound facetious, it is the result 
of spending over 3 weeks in mountain air 
with spruce trees and pulling up tomato 
plants so the weeds can grow. We got 
back home yesterday, and I am ashamed to 
say we had forgotten everything until I 
found the card from you. 

Also a squawk from the Landlord because 
we weren't here August 1st to pay the rent, 

Also a holler from the i.dlkman because 
we hadn't notified him. 

Also a query from the P.D., if we were 
buried in the cellar. 

Various other whoopings about: "where 

have you been?!" 

Also, a check, which has helped silence 
some yelling — and left me broke. 

The most vociferous complaint is the 
one with whom we left our cat and new 
kittens. Rather new kittens. The 

kittens grew I am afraid I shall 

have to buy her new curtains. 

C'est la vie! 
Alack! and Alasi 

I must stop reading and write my own 
books again! 

•5HHHKBHHHHHHHHKHHHHHKSKKHHHHHHKKHS- 

MONEY 

Staff Association dues should be paid 
according to the following schedule: 
salaries $7,000 and up - $5,00, $6,000 to 
$6,999 - $U.00, $3,600 to $5,999 - $3*00, 
$3,000 to $3,599 - $2 o 00. Part-time 
dues, $1.00, are to be paid by those em- 
ployees whose annual salary is more than 
$3,000 pay the dues for their salary 
bracket. 

Note: Reprinted from AD LIB [Indianapolis 
Public Library Staff Association Publica- 
tion], August 27, 196U. 

CONGRATULATIONS! 

To Mr, and Mrs, Michael Epstein 
[Barbara formerly worked in our Judaica 
Section] on the birth of a six pound, 
twelve ounce baby girl on August 26, 
Their second daughter has been named 
Sharon Lee according to the latest 
report from Barbara and Michael, who 
now reside in New Jersey, 



„ 6 - 

POSTSCRIPTS TO CAiELOT 



August 20, 196h 



Dear I'irs* Reed: 



I have just learned of the extremly generous contribution which was 
recently received from the employees of the Boston Public Library, 
and it is with my deepest appreciation that I write to thank you, and 
through you, those who made such a wonderful tribute to President 
Kennedy possible. 

The President cherished the dream that a Library might be built — 
some day -*• and he had planned to devote much of his future time to 
such a project. Now we must do it for him, and I can assure you, 
it will be the finest Presiden't Library ever» 

The Library will serve as a perpetual memorial to him, and his 
family and I shall never forget that you have chosen to support the 
cause that is closest to our hearts. 

Sincerely, 

[signed] JACQUELINE KENNEDY 



September 11, 196U 



Dear Mrs. Reed: 



On behalf of the Senator and myself, I want to express to you 
and to all of the employees of the Library our deep appreciation for 
your most generous contribution to the John F. Kennedy Library Fund, 

The Senator was so pleased when he learned of this gift, and 
of the time and efforts of all of you toward the Camelot Bazaar which 
made the gift possible. 

The Library was a project very close to President Kennedy's 
heart. With your warm support, his cherished dream will soon become 
a reality. We are so grateful. 

Sincerely, 

[signed] JOAN KENNEDY 

(Mrs, Edward M, Kennedy) 

NOTE 1 Knowing that everyone would like to know of the gratitude of the Kennedy 
Family for the gift of the employees of the Library to the Kennedy 
ilemorial Library, we are reprinting two letters which we recived recently,, 

Lana Mayberry Reed 
Chairman, Procn-an) CoTipn t.-h&o 



. 7 - 



ALA FRE-CONFERENCE INSTITUTE 

"Introduction to Data Processing" was 
held at the University of Missouri on 
June 2ii thru June 27. The sessions were 
not only an introduction to data process- 
ing, but more importantly in many ways a 
description of the present state of 
affairs, of very successful library data 
processing operations now in actual use, 
of completed studies which indicate the 
feasability of information retrieval by 
computer in large public libraries 
especially -those serving as reference and 
research centers for large areas or 
systems. 

Joseph Becker, Assistant Director, 
Computer Services, U.S. Government, Langlsy, 
Virginia, who has written widely on this 
subject, gave a general introduction to 
the subject. He gave a brief history of 
the development of the automated record, 
and a description of the principal ideas 
and terms used in discussing the subject. 

Dake Gull, Professor of Library Science., 
Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, 
in his talk on "The Hardware of Data 
Processing" led us step-by-step from the 
basic keypunch through the standard 
machines used in punched card operation 
to the sophisticated computers, pointing 
out their capabilities and limitations. 

With this background we were able to 
assimilate more readily the offerings of 
the experts who followed. 

Mr Jean Perreault, Chief of Cataloging, 
Library, Florida Atlantic University, 
Boca Raton, Florida, discussed the idea's 
implicit in cataloging which must be made 
explicit in converting to "computerized 
cataloging". The key to effective 
computerized cataloging is systems design. 
The needs of the library in terms of 
cataloging completeness, and the capabil- 
ities of feasible automated components 
must be analyzed. How complete should 
cataloging be? What items should be 
included in the catalog? The decisions 
made will help in chosing the automated 
equipment to be used. 

The design of the input document, the 
Catalog Input Record, will impose its own 
requirements on the choice of a system. 
Concisely, once the components of the 
system have been chosen, the amount and 
form of the information which may be 
entered on the input document is limited 
by the system chosen. 



The input document, the Catalog Input 
Record, used at Florida Atlantic Univer- 
sity is a form corresponding to the 
arrangement of an IBM card. Once the 
cataloger has entered the required infor- 
mation on this form, the keypunch operator 
may readily translate it into machine- 
readable form. 

The substance of Mr Perreault r s talk is 
given in Each detail, including many 
examples of entries on the Catalog Input 
Record, in his article in the May 196U 
issue of Col lege an d Research Libr a ries. 

Ralph McCoy, Director of libraries, 
Southern Illinois University, C?.rbondale, 
Illinois presented "Computerized Circula- 
tion Work: Case Study, the 357 Data 
Collection System" a This is the system 
which Southern Illinois is now introducing 
on their campus. Incidentally it is 
generally held that circulation is the 
easiest of all library processes to 
convert to computer operation. 

Mr McCoy feels that the concentration 
of the circulation of books at one point 
made automation feasible. A big gain 
from this system is the book use statis- 
tics which are so readily obtainable from 
the system in addition to circulation, 
control. First the 600,000 volumes in 
the library were coded in machine language^. 
Sixteen specially trained students trans- 
lated the call numbers of each volume on 
specially marked code sheets. These code 
sheets were recorded on magnetic tape and 
fed into a computor. Master cards were 
then produced for each volume in both 
plain language, and machine-readable 
langaage. These master cards become the 
book cards inserted in each bock. 

The advantages of the system include 
speed, accuracy, complete records, provi- 
sion of a day-to-day inventory of library 
holdings, automatic preparation of overdue 
notices and release of circulation person- 
nel from routine operations to more 
important library service. 

The three items used in circulation 
control are 1) the borrowers identifica- 
tion number j 2) the call number; and 
3) the date due. 

The borrower's card used in this system 
is an embossed plastic card (similar to a 
gasoline credit card) which has the 
borr ewers identification number punched 
in machine readable holes. 



-8 - 



The book card is a master IBM card 
which has the author, title (abbreviated 
if necessary), and call number both in 
conventional printed form and in machine - 
readable holes. Only a portion of the 
card is used which permits folding of the 
card without interfering with the punched 
data. 

The charging operation is very simple. 
The borrower's card is dropped in one slot 
of the 357 input station, the IBM book 
card is dropped in the other slot of the 
357. When the second card enters the 
machine, the automatic processing starts. 
Two new IBM cards, transaction cards, are 
created, one pink, one yellow. These 
transactions have on them in both printed 
and machine readable language the author, 
title, call number and the borrowers 
identification number. The pink card and 
book card are placed in the book pocket, 
the yellow card is retained as a record 
of the transaction. The borrower's 
identification card is returned to him. 
Each transaction takes 20 seconds of which 
only 8 seconds is machine time. This 
machine time includes time spent in 
punching in the due date on an attached 
keyboard. With a fixed due date such as 
is used in the Boston Public Library, 
this step would be eliminated with a 
significant reduction in the machine time 
necessary. 

This operation assumes a clerk will 
conduct the charging procedure, punching 
the due date, inserting the book card and 
reader identification card (library card) 
into the system, returning the library 
card to the reader, inserting the book 
card and pink transaction card in the 
book pocket and placing the yellow trans- 
action record in a file tray. 

However, Dr Parker of the University of 
Missouri hopes to make the system 
completely self-service, allowing the 
reader to charge his own books. This 
could be accomplished by using a fixed 
due date, and having the yellow transac- 
tion record card drop into a file tray at 
the back of the 357. The reader would 
place the pink transaction card and the 
book card in the book pocket, return his 
library card and would need only a check 
at the exit control to make sure the book 
has been properly charged. 

When the book is returned the pink card 
is removed, and verified to make sure the 
transaction card is the correct card for 



the book. This is easily done since the 
call number is printed in plain language 
on the transaction card and also on the 
book pocket. 

The yellow transaction records had 
already been fed into the 11*01 computer to 
keep a record of the transaction. The 
returned pink transaction cards are fed 
into the computer both to clear the record 
and to cumulate information on circulation. 
The memory of the computer stores informa- 
tion on how often books were used, who 
used what books, when the books were used, 
etc. Overdue books may be checked by the 
computer daily, notices made out, and 
fines assessed automatically. 

A workable system has been tested, the 
hardware is available and may be improved. 

Among the problems to be faced in chang- 
ing to a system such as this are the cost, 
and difficulties of conversion. The 
University of Southern Illinois already 
had been using an embossed plastic identi- 
fication card with the student's identifi- 
cation punched into it in machine-readable 
holes. Libraries using different types of 
cards would have to provide suitable 
plastic cards and devise suitable identi- 
fication numbers. The present machine 
will read a number only up to 8 digits. 
IBM book cards must be prepared for all 
circulating books, with author and title 
entries abbreviated when necessary to fit 
the fields assigned to these entries on 
the IBM card. 

As in most of these changes to automated 
data processing methods, the immediate 
costs of conversion must be weighed 
against possible eventual savings, 
increased efficiency and a greater exploi- 
tation of the library's resources. 

Charles Austin, a "systems" man, not a 
librarian, discussed the Medlars project 
at the National Library of Medicine. 
Medlars stands for Medical Library 
Analysis and Retrieval System. 

This system which is now in operation 
was designed to provide three main output 
products: l) Index Medicas , the monthly 
subject and author index to 2500 medical 
journals; 2) fifty recurring bibliogra- 
phies in special subject areas j 
3) searches for complex bibliographies for 
demand requests. 

First, there was a six-month study phase 
which determined what hardware would be 
needed. The next phase was ordering equip- 
ment and training personnel in its use. 



-J- 



The equipment now used includes thirteen 
Flexowriters, a Minneapolis Honeywell 
digital computer, the Grace photocomposer, 
and automatic film processors. 

The Grace photocomposer has a font of 
226 characters including upper and lower 
ca^e, in contrast to the more limited 
fonts of other automated systems. 

The scope of this project is amazing. 
1X> ),000 papers are now indexed annually. 
T' cs figure is expected to increase soon 
J o<:. 250,000. The annual input in five 
years is expected to be 100,000,000 
characters. 

The searching for complex bibliographies 
is done usually on a day to day basis. 
A request received today is usually pro- 
cessed by the following day. 

It should be noted that before the 
information is fed into the computer, it 
mast first be carefully analyzed and 
cataloged by skilled professionals. The 
great advantage of the Medlar system is 
the speed with which the information in 
the computer may be manipulated, selected, 
and printed out. 

Gilbert King, Vice President and 
Director of Research, ITEX Corporation, 
gave a fascinating discussion of the 
library of Congress Project. 

The question to be answered was: Is 
the automation of a large library 
practical? 

The conclusions of the study were that 
automation would be a good thing for the 
Library of Congress; it would be more 
efficient and allow for greater ease of 
use. It would be technically feasible. 
The cost of conversion would be high but 
by 1970 the cost of running the automated 
library would be essentially the same as 
the cost of running an unautomated 
library. 

The sise of the Library of Congress 
greatly complicates its operation. A 
book mis shelved is practically lost in 
UOO miles of shelving. The experience of 
small libraries do not necessarily apply 
to large libraries. 

Mr King in determining how much person- 
nel would be needed to exploit the infor- 
mation in the Library of Congress 
estimates that one person can know the 
contents of 10,000 items. The Library of 
Congress has ten billion items. It would 
require 1 million reference librarians to 
know the contents of these items. 
Obviously we need some other method. 



An automated system should be scalable 
and open-ended. 

The card catalog in the Library of 
Congress is too large to be used effi- 
ciently, and it is not possible to include 
sufficient oross-reference in this catalog 
because of its size. 

Automatic systems can be efficient and 
fast. The authority file, the subject 
file, and National Main Catalog are 
digital items, machine readable. Digital 
form allows the system to do simple pro- 
cessing at first, search and tracing at 
low levels. 

The primary conversion will be on 
magnetic tape but in essentially the same 
form as catalogs are now, since there is 
nothing better now. Therefore, what we 
need is large digital memories, one 
trillion bit memories (averaging 30 bits 
to a word). 

The feasability is indicated by the 
probability that such digital memories 
will be available within two years. 

Files of serials would be broken down 
into articles; this should be possible 
with little spaoe or expense. While 
bibliographies would be generated it 
would also record bibliographies so t^at 
bibliographies generated by individuals 
would not be wasted. There is no reason 
why whole sets of encyclopedias could 
not be put into the digital memories. 

Once the digital memory is acquired, 
how is it loaded? One million dollars 
worth of equipment needs one million 
dollars worth of programming. Likewise, 
the big cost is loading the memories. 
The conversion of the lh, 000, 000 Library 
of Congress cards at 50 cents per card 
would cost $7,000,000. This is really 
too expensive. 

Another difficulty is the limited size 
of fonts which are available in present 
automated systems. The automated system 
should not ignore items which are not in 
the Roman alphabet but should include 
all items which may make searches easier 
and more effective. 

How do you read this information after 
you record it and recall it? Through 
consoles. But we do not yet have console.' 
with all the features needed. The displs: 
should be on tubes similar to TV receivin 
tubes but of higher quality. The font 
should be such that the display will loot 
much like the XC catalog card. The 
console will have to provide speedy ohang< 



•■ 110 •• 



when scanning from one card to another — 
within l/5 of a seconcL The console 
should allow for temporary storage of an 
item. You see an item you may be inter- 
ested in •*— you a.sk the console to set it 
aside for later consideration Tha 
console should provide for automatic 
transfer of display of items wanted to 
Delivery Desk so that books requested can 
be delivered. The console may also 
deliver "hard copy" of catalog items 
wanted. 

A disadvantage of the console is that 
it must have a keyboard to instruct the 
memory. The reader then must learn the 
keyboard, so the keyboard must be kept 
simple . 

The foregoing concerns hardware of the " 
system. Costs are estimated at 
$20,000,000 for the memory and $20,000,000 
for loading. Such high costs require 
exploitation of the system by having many 
people use the system. Wire connections 
between research libraries and the 
library of Congress system with repeater 
consoles in these libraries could accom- 
plish this. There could be added to the 
memory system the catalogs or special 
parts of catalogs of specialized libraries. 
These catalogs need not convert to the 
DC system as long as the information is 
in digital form. 

Any automated library should have 
microfilm storage for those items which 
lend themselves by necessity, etc. to 
this form of storage. Reduction is 
feasible with reduction ratios of 300 to 
U00 to 1. Microfilm sheets are much more 
available than reels for random access. 
Speed is important especially if you are 
serving 1,000 consoles. The microfilm 
system should also have the capability of 
making hard copy of the material availa- 
ble almost immediately. 

Mr King believes much more work must be 
done in communication between the 
librarian and the reader. Most persons 
ask "stupid" questions. The reference 
librarian must guide readers into asking 
intelligent questions. Much of this task 
should be performed by the memory system. 
For example, if the reader asks for mater- 
ial on transistors, the system should ask 
him, how many items do you need, do you 
want material only after I960, do you 
want mathematical material, do you want 
experimental material, etc. The dialogue 
between the reader and the system should 



follow a fairly standard pattern. 

The vocabulary of the reader needs to 
be coordinated with the system. They 
have to be speaking the same " language *'» 
The words of the reader would be referred 
to a system thescurus which would toll 
the reader how to address the computer in 
the proper language. Also the system 
should have the capability of translating 
foreign languages 

Mr King concluded that the automatic 
system would be of great value to the 
librarian. It would speed descriptive 
cataloging and so save librarians muefc @f 
their cataloging costs. It would make it 
easier for the reader to make use of the 
library system's resources. The open- 
ended feature would allow new ideas to be 
introduced without any standardization 
required and without any changes in 
hardware. The purpose of the project 
would not be to make the Library of 
Congress a National Information Center. 

Other subjects covered in the Confer- 
ence were Computerized Serial Records, 
Data Processing in Acquisitions Work, 
Automatic Classification and Indexing, 
and Dissemination of Information. These 
we hope to report on at a later date. 

B. JOSEPH O'NETL 

MORE ON THE SUBJECT 

A decade ago "automation" was a marvel 
of the business world but strictly experi- 
mental for libraries. Since then it has 
become an increasingly popular topic of 
discussion at national and regional meet- 
ings. The volume of literature on the 
subject is now quite staggering, and many 
libraries (mainly research) have success- 
fully automated. The publication of the 
results of a two and one-half year study 
- Automation and the Library of Congress - 

and the implications of the plan for 
large research libraries cannot be 
ignored. Locally, Harvard Medical 
Library, in cooperation with the medical 
libraries of Columbia and Yale, has 
already begun a completely automated 
program, with equal emphasis being placed 
on book catalog and listing production 
and on machine information retrieval. 

Since I was quite ignorant of the whole 
subject of data processing and anxious to 



-i-l~ 



acquire a basic understanding of what is 
taking place in other libraries. I was 
delighted to be able to enroll at Simmons 
School of library Science for M achine 
Applications to Libraries - a course 
offered for the first time and taught by 
Dr Ralph Parker, Director of Libraries at 
the University of Missouri and a pioneer 
in the use of such equipment. It was a 
rugged three weeks, with two and one-half 
hour daily classes which passed too 
swiftly, followed by endless hours of 
reading - much of it new and fascinating. 
While Dr Parker's enthusiasm for the 
subject was irresistable, his approach 
was entirely practical, being extremely 
skeptical of the frankly experimental. 

At the present time, the use of data 
processing equipment in libraries is 
generally confined to routine administra- 
tive record keeping. This includes book 
ordering, serial control, circulation 
control, and accounting. Using either 
punched cards or magnetic tape, informa- 
tion prepared as part of the book acquisi- 
tion process serves also for purchase 
order, payment of invoice, book card for 
circulation control, machine prepared 
lists of new acquisitions, and ultimately 
for an entry into a machine maintained 
catalog. The more completely integrated 
the system, making fullest use of the 
computer, the more economical the opera- 
tion becomes. Obviously there must be a 
minimum volume of activity to justify the 
cost, which runs to approximately $5*000 
per month rental for a small computer. 

Tremendous technological advances have 
been made in this field in recent years 
and undoubtedly will continue. As new, 
more sophisticated machines are developed 
it is probable that mechanized information 
retrieval will become economically feasi- 
ble and will provide results superior to 
those of conventional methods. 

As preparation for an automated system, 
it is imperative that systems be analyzed 
and developed; flow charts be drawn and 
redrawn, and objectives carefully defined. 
These steps, even without automation, will 
bring about greater standardization, eli- 
mination of unnecessary detail and a fully 
integrated system which will provide 
increased efficiency. 

While it is true that machines will 
eliminate the people who do routine, 
clerical jobs, they also create a need 
for skilled operators and technicians. 



Brain power cannot be replaced by 
machines, but machines can be used to 
save brain power, freeing professional 
librarians for professional work. 

This was a very stimulating experience 
which completely revitalized my thinking. 

G.A. 

JHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHBHHHHHHHHH* 

SOCIAL NOTES 
Library Romance Consummated 

What indeed is so rare as a day in 
June — especially a wedding day— and a 
beautiful, sunny, June 21st it was that 
saw Jennie Femino and Stanley Keilcweski 
successfully launched onto the sea of 
matrimony in St Lazarus Church, Orient 
Heights. At least it was apparent to all 
observers that Jennie and Stan were at 
sea. 

The beautiful bride was radiant in a 
street-length gown of white lace and 
organdy with a matching headpiece of 
double and triple fold veiling. She 
carried a bouquet of white orchids and 
and stephanotis. Lillian Gallagher of 
the library was Matron of Honor, and 
truly a vision of loveliness in blue. 

The bridegroom (victim of all this 
radiation) wore a triumphant smile, but 
looked handsome and virile in his dark 
suit, white shirt with matching cuffs 
and collar, and he carried a bouquet of 
Four Roses (we're only kidding Stan). 

After the ceremony there was a grand 
exodus to Caruso's Diplomat in Saugus. 
There the wedding guests were treated to 
a magnificent roast beef banquet; bottles 
of chianti on every table; dancing; and 
entertainment. A truly bacchanalian rite 
which no one wanted to leave, including 
the bride and groom. 

This was a library romance in the best 
traditions of the B.P.L.; Stanley works 
at Adams Street Branch, and Jennin, for- 
merly of South Boston Branch, now works 
at Mt Bowdoin. There were a number of 
"Library People" in evidence at the 
reception, which no doubt accounts for 
the elegant, dignified tone of the affair. 

It was a grand wedding, and a most 
enjoyable reception. We all hope Jenny 
will do it again sometime. 



L.I. 



-JHHBBHttBtti- 



-&- 



A Fine Farewell 



Not even a sweltering July afternoon 
that all but turned the Women's Lounge 
into a veritable Turkish bath could deter 
the staff of the Eoston Public Library 
from gathering together to wish Ervin J. 
Gaines well and to congratulate him on 
his new position as Director of the 
Minneapolis Public Library. 

The Coffee Hour, held on Tuesday after- 
noon, July 28th, was sponsored by the 
Boston Public Library Staff Association 
in honor of Mr Gaines, our Assistant 
Director (Personnel), and it proved to be 
a highly successful if somewhat steamy 
affair. 

In spite of vacation schedules and 
coverage problems, many of the staff in 
both Central and the Branches found time 
to come in and wish Mr and Mrs Gaines 
good luck on their westward venture. 
Miss B. Gertrude Wade, on behalf of the 
staff, presented Mr Gaines with an 
attractively gift-wrapped book (which he 
assumed might be Fanny Hill) and a few 
words of fond farewell: warm, sincere, 
and abounding in sympathetic understanding 
of the many trials and tribulations that 
are bound to besiege any personnel direc- 
tor. 

In his farewell speech, Mr Gaines 
expressed his fondness for Boston and its 
people and graciously extended an open 
invitation to anyone from B.P.L. who 
might be travelling through the Midwest 
to be sure and stop at the Gaines' domi- 
cile. He had instructed his wife to 
reserve a "special room" for guests from 

Boston presumably even those who had 

read The Pit and the Pendulum. 

All-in-all, a very successful affair, 
and perhaps, ironically enough, never had 
the rapport between the staff and their 
Personnel Director been greater. Although 
they engendered much heated discussion, 
there can be no denying the many worth- 
while changes instituted by Mr Gaines in 
the name of practical efficiency and 
common sense. At this, the hour of 
departure, the staff realized they would 
miss Mr Gaines, and certainly would never 
forget him — his immortality being 
assured in that "Big Black Book", 
The Personnel Manual. 



PEARL SMART 



L.I. 



■5HBHHH5-** 



On September 30, 196k Pearl Smart re- 
tired from the staff of the Library as 
Branch Librarian of the South End Branch 
Library. 

Shortly after graduation from Wellesley 
College, Miss Smart began her career in 
the B.P.L. during which she worked in 
some seven Branch Libraries and for a 
period of fifteen years in the Personnel 
Office. 

The culmination of her career as a 
Branch Librarian came with the presenta- 
tion to her in 1961 of a Neighborhood 
Award by the National Conference of 
Christians and Jews. The Award was made 
in recognition of the classes in English 
proposed by Miss Smart for the Puerto 
Rican immigrants to the South End and 
orgamized in cooperation with the Federa- 
tion of South End Settlements and the 
Harvard Language Research Institute which 
provided the teaching materials. 

Miss Smart has wide interests outside 
of her profession. One of these is her 
sponsorship of foreign students through 
the International Fellowship Program of 
the American Association of University 
Women. For many years she has sponsored 
an Indian, Chinese or European student 
whom she has introduced to American ways 
and to whom she has given friendship and 
hospitality. These individuals have re» 
mained her friends through the years 
since returning to their native lands. 

A second great interest is her Camp 
Booth Bay Harbor in iiaine to which she 
retreats whenever possible and where she 
is now awaiting the fall foliage. 

We wish her every happiness in her 
retirement. 

ELIZABETH WRIGHT 

WELCOME BACK4 

We are happy to report that Charlie 
O'Connell [Police Officer], who fell while 
pruning a tree and suffered broken ribs 
in the ordeal, is now back on the job. 

Also back in the fold after an accident 
in our Bindery Department is Steve Baxter 
who suffered a badly cut hand in the mis- 
hap - no more "cutting up" Steve /PULEEZEJ 




SOAP BOX 



Any contribution to the Soap Box must 
be accompanied by the full name of the- 
Association member submitting it, ttfgethJ 
er with the name of the Branch Library, 
Department or Office in which he or she j 
is employed. The name is withheld from 
publication, or a pen name is used, if 
the contributor so requests. Anonymous 
contributions are not given consideration^ 
The author of the article is known only 
to the Editor-in-Chief. The contents of I 
the articles appearing in the Soap Box 
are personal opinions expressed by indi- 
vidual Association members and their 
appearance does not necessarily indicate 
that the Publications Committee and the 
Association are in agreement with the 
views expressed. Only those contribution^ 
not containing more than 300 words will 
be accepted, 

i 

1 

Dear Soap Box: 

As I leave the Library, I 
cannot resist the temptation to have my 
day in Soap Box, mostly because this is 
the one place I'm sure a farewell will be| 
read. When Miss Wade, on behalf of the 
staff, presented me with a copy of 
Practical Administration in Public Li- , 
braries I concluded that you must think ; 
I need it. I will carry it to Minneapolis 
xri.th me, read a chapter a day and there- 
by grow wise in the ways of libraries* ! 

You have not spared me when I needed 
chastisingj you have taught me much. I ; 
leave with fond memories of battles hard' 
fought and warm friendships which will j 
endure. I hope you will continue to mak$ 



• 13- 

known your ideas and your expectations, 
tempered always with charity and good 
will. 

For everything — but especially for 
knowing you and vjorking with (or against?) 
j you — my deepest thanks. 

[signed] ERVIN J. GAINES 
Personnel Office 



To the Soap Box: 

To Miss White and the Staff of Branch 
Issue a public note of thanks in appre- 
ciation for the fine work they have 
continued to do, especially in relation 
to Young Adults* Summer Reading requests* 
Although many schools are now more flex- 
ible in their demands, we are still faced 
during school term and vacation alike, 
with almost endless multiple requests 
for a limited number of titles, mandatory 
on the student's list or too popular to 
be overlooked. Since we have increasingly 
publicized the value of submitting written 
requests for books to our patrons, we are 
delighted, as are they, with the great 
degree of success of the procedure. 
Another year couldn't offer much more of 
a challenge than this past one has - so 
again, thank youi 

Very truly, 

(signed) HELEN E, COLGAN 

Uphams Corner Branch 




r"-^ i 



w j 



o 




TO 



uestion 




THE BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 



OCTOBER 1964 



THE QUESTION MARK 
Published by the Boston Public library Staff Association 
Volume XIX Number 9 October 1961* 



Publications Committee: 



Publication date: 
The fifteenth of each month 



Michael Arnold; Jean Babcock; Barbara Bachrach; 
Jane Manthorne; Sheila Stevens; Mrs Bridie Stotz; 
George Scully, Cartoonist; Sarah Usher, Indexer; 
Edward J. Montana, Jr., Chairman 

Deadline for submitting material! 
The tenth of each month 



Many times during the past few months we have been filling small places in the 
QM with slogans like "Join ALA in '6u", "Join MLA in '6u", etc. Many of you probab- 
ly feel that we did this just so there would not be a series of blank spaces staring 
you in the face. To a certain extent that is true. But we could have put in 
riddles, little cros-word puzzles or any number of other fillers instead. We chose 
the slogans. Why? 

There are no statistics available but it is known that the number of staff 

members who belong to professional organizations is very small. We feel that each 

person to whom this applies is losing a great opportunity, LA's and Professionals 
alike. 

Several reasons are given for not joining; money is a favorite one. To belong 
to a group of organizations is expensive. To belong to one is not. Dues range 
from Il.OO up to over $15>.00. There is, then, a club to fit everybody's pocketbook. 

Some think that meetings are dull, that only officers belong, and then only 
because they have to. But these people were not always officers. They started at 
the bottom like everyone else (but they did not confine themselves to their own 
libraries; they broadened their horizons first and then moved up). And, after all, 
programs are not such that members have to be dragged to them by their heels. We 
have been to quite a few and found them very enjoyable. 

Officers attend, and non-officers attend for one reason: interest. They are 
interested in their own jobs and how to do them better, and in the library profession 
as a whole. They know that sticking to your own desk all day, every day, can be 
pretty confining; that parochialism, narrow mindedness and rampant self-interest as 
the one and only goal, may be the result. If you know what other people are doing 
(and tell them what you are doing), and are willing to learn about the new trends, 
improvements that have been made, and so forth, you advance the cause of librarian- 
ship and are more likely (also) to advance yourself. 

It is a little early for New Year's resolutions, but better early than not at 
all. Resolve to join a professional organization in the near future; and don't just 
join, participate. You'll soon wonder why you hadn't done so long ago. 



THE PUBLICATIONS COMMITTEE 



*. 2 - 



PRESIDENT'S NOTES 



At the May business mneting the question 
of the possibility of a union for biblio- 
thecal staff members was brought up for 
discussion. In order to obtain an expres- 
sion of feeling from the staff, the union 
poll which has been distributed to all 
bibliothecal staff, was proposed and 
seconded. This poll is merely a prelimin- 
ary investigation into a problem which the 
Executive Board feels might be explored. 
If there is enough interest in a union, 
this may be the subject of a fall program. 

It should be kept in mind that the poll 
is merely an expression of opinion not an 
actual vote for the establishment of a 
union or for the dissolution of the Staff 
Association. The Staff Association cannot 
be dissolved without a majority vote of 
the membership in accordance with the 
constitution. 

At our last Executive Board meeting, we 
met with Mr Ettele. Among the many topics 
discussed, foremost among them was the 
need for a salary increase for the LA. 
service. It is not possible to realize 
an increase for 196u but we urged most 
strongly that salary increases be included 
in the 196^ budget. Mr Ettele was favor- 
ably inclined toward LA salary increases 
but also said that there was a greater 
need for every staff member to be placed 
in his proper place in the salary scale. 
He also expressed the opinion that greater 
efficiency could provide the money for 
salary increases and that improved organ- 
izational structures are badly needed. 
He cited as an example the consolidation 
of the Catalog Departments and suggested 
that the staff be encouraged to make 
suggestions for such improvements. 

The question of in-service training was 
also discussed. Mr Ettele said that he 
was in favor of a program and said that he 
believed that a Training Director should 
be appointed. He also agreed that work 
procedures manuals should be brought up 
to date and are needed for an effective 
program, 

Mr Ettele. expressed the opinion that all 
staff members, including LAs, should be 
encouraged to join professional organiza- 
tions but stressed that an LA should not 
expect membership to matter in his ad- 
vancement. He feels that the professional 
librarian should go out into the community, 
be active in associations and a&racKie by 
educating himself in what is going on in- 
the professional world. 



Congratulations to Ed Montana on his 
appointment as Library Publications 
Officer. I am sorry that Ed could not 
continue his excellent work as Editor of 
the Question Mark, 

MAR? T. CROWE 



mSCNNEL NOTES 



Entered : 



Mrs Anna Garda«r - Book Preparation 
Mrs Elizabeth J. MeGilHcuddy - Book 

Preparation f former employee) 
Mrs Brenda Brewington - Central Charging 

Records 
Miriam C. Oester - Book Stack Service 
Thomas E. Logan, - Book Stack Service 
Alfred J. Valentine - Book Stack Service 
G. Roger Loncieh - Book Stack Service 
Donna M. Boucher - Book Stack Service 
Edith M. Petzold - Book Stack Service 
James Drisc«ll - Kirstein Business Branch 
Paul T. Romano - Book Purchasing 
Margot M. Timson - Government Documents 
Arleen K. St. Aubin - Catalog and Classi- 
fication, R&RS 
Margaret C. Gardiner * Catalog and Classi- 
fication, R&RS 
Mrs Ruth Kaplan - Catalog and Classifica- 
tion, HR&CS (formerly part-time) 
Dianne M. Mullally - Memorial (formerly 

part-time) 
Mrs Fredericka Wyss - Mattapan (re#«ntry) 
Kathleen A. Whelan - South End (formerly 

part-time) 
Frederick A. Aufiero - Book Stack Service 
Carmela Aufi«r« - Audio-Visual (formerly 

part-time in Informatien) 
Mrs Mary Fiumara - West Roxbury 
Dorothy A. Banner - Mount Pleasant 

Transferred: 



Laura A. Lewis §rrm Back Purchasing to 

Cataltg & Classification, R&RS 
Dona Atwitod from Mattapan t* Audio-Visual 
Julia DeKoning from West Roxbury to 

Brighton 
Mary Anne Campbell from Adams Street to 

Memorial 
Raymond Collins from Business Office to 

Duplicating Section 
James M. McNiff frem Exhibits Office to 

Book Stack Service 
Mrs Frances McArthr«r iVom Print Department 

to Fine Arts 



- 3 - 



William G. Verry from Book Stack Service 

to Periodical and Newspaper 
Jeanne tte Dupis from South End to Parker 

Hill 

Terminations : 

Leonard Gold - Book Stack Service - to 
attend college 

Linda Anne Sheehan - Catalog & Classifica- 
tion, HR&CS - to attend college 

Bernard Hrul - Book Stack Service - to 
attend Wentworth 

James H. Bracy - Book Stack Service - to 
attend college 

Mrs Arna Lee Cohen - Audio -Visual - to 
stay at home 

James Sikes - Mattapan - resigned 

Mrs Mitzi Filson - Science and Technology 
- another position 

Mrs Christine Umana - Science and Techno- 
logy - to stay at home 

Retired : 

Pearl Smart - South End 
Tiami E. Lilja - South Boston 

4HHHHHHHHHHHHHHBBHHHHHHHH*** 

I FEEL... 

strongly about reading. I 
think everybody should read to understand. 
Read anything, from road maps to Shakes - 
pears, and I'm saddened when 'C ' says to 
me that he "didn't have the time" to take 
just a few minutes to find something that 
would sate his reading hunger in a 
library with many thousands of books, but 
somehow manages to squeeze in ten minutes 
deciding that nothing I have will suffice. 
To me, there's no such thing as a bad 
book. Everything that is written serves 
a purpose. A book or story that I find 
doesn't satisfy me because it's poorly 
written, or, in my opinion, just plain 
trash, has said quite obviously, "move 
up". 

The library's the place. Listen to 
this, if you really want something to 
read. It's got biographies, Bibles, 
histories, mysteries, geographies, geolo 
gies, diction, and science fiction. Not 
to mention Parkman's Works, Stoddard's 
Lectures, fifty years of National Geogra 
phic, Steinbeck, Hemingway, Agatha 
Christie, Shakespeare and Peanuts, and 
truckloads more, all different, all 
worthwhile. How can I compete with that 
for variety and choice? 



The next time you're tempted to give 
forth with a "Got anything to read?", 
consider this: anything he's got to 
offer couldn't begin to match the reading 
wealth in the library. Your neighbor 
would do you a monumental service if he 
told you to "make it" to the library. 

That is if that is what you meant by 
"Got anything to read?" 

WALTER WILLIAMS 
from the MENTOR, Sept. 1961i 
published at the prison, Walpole 

THANKS TO CARE 
The following was received by the 
President of the BPLSA. It was written 
in Spanish, and graciously translated by 
the Keeper of Rare Books: 

HEREDIA COSTA RICA 
STAFF ASSOCIATION 
BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 
BOSTON 15, MASS. U.S.A. 



20 October 196ti 



Esteemed Sir: 



Your name appears amongst 
the donors of the motor and tool equip- 
ment which our college received through 
CARE. 

Your disinteredness on behalf of our 
college is very encouraging and gratify- 
ing; it makes us think with optimism of 
the future of "Universal Solidarity" and 
gives evidence that, in spite of every- 
think there will always be standard bear- 
ers of knowledge and progress in the 
world. 

Be confident that by your gesture, you 
contribute to make the world somewhat 
more worthy a place to live, and also 
that you show us and make us understand 
that solidarity and human brotherhood are 
not a ny-th but a reality readily main- 
tained. 

With sincere greetings, I remain 

Cordially, 

(signed) EDUARD CHAVES ALFARO 
Director 

Heredia Vocational College 
Heredia, Costs Rica 



- h - 

ALA Conference 196U 

The following report was discussed in detail at St. Louis this past June. 
Because of its importance and great interest, we are reproducing it for the benefit 
of our readers. 

* 

FACTS RELATING TO THE LIBRARY SERVICES AND CONSTRUCTION ACT (P.L. 38-269) 
(Prepared with the cooperation of the Library Services Branch, U. S. 0. E. ) 

MAJOR PROVISIONS OF THE ACT 

Public Law 88-269 amends the Library Services Act of 1956: 

(1) By increasing Federal financial assistance to promote the development of 
public library service (Title I) to all areas (urban and rural) without public 
library services or with inadequate services. 

(2) By adding a new provision for Federal assistance for the construction of 
public library buildings (Title II) in areas lacking the facilities necessary 
for the development of library services. 

Both titles will apply to urban and rural areas after July 1, 196U» 

The State Library administrative agency in each state prepares state plans and 
submits these to the U. S, Commissioner of Education for approval. 

Title I (Services) : 

Funds may be used for salaries, books and other library materials, library 
equipment and other operating expenses, including costs of administering the 
state plan for construction. 

Authorizes $25 million for fiscal 196U and such sums as Congress may determine 
for fiscal years 1965 and 1966. 

The minimum allotment which must be matched is $100,000 for each of the states. 

To remain eligible for a Federal grant, a state must maintain its expenditures 
for all public library service at least at the same level as in fiscal 1963} 
and state and local expenditures for public library service must not fall below 
the 1963 level. 

Title II (Construction) : 

Construction is defined as meaning the construction of new public library 
buildings and the expansion, remodeling, and alteration of existing buildings 
for public libraries and initial equipment of such buildings. Architect's fees 
and the cost of the acquisition of land are also included in the definition. 

State plans will describe criteria used for insuring that construction projects 
are for facilities to serve areas, as determined by the State Library adminis- 
trative agency, which are without library facilities necessary to develop 
library services. 

Authorizes $20 Million for fiscal 196U and such sumo as the Congress may 
determine for fiscal years 1965 and 1966. 

The basic allotment is $80,000 for each of the states. 



MBM 



- 5 - 

WHAT HAS BEEN ACCOMPLISHED SINCE THE PASSAGE OF THE LIBRARY SERVICES ACT? 

* Approximately 38 million rural residents have had some measure of new or improved 

public library services 

* All 50 states, plus American Samoa, Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands 

have developed plans and contributed matching funds 

* More than 370 Bookmobiles have been placed in operation 

* Over 12 million books and other informational materials have been purchased 

* The state library agencies have strengthened their leadership capacity by adding 

more than ll*0 professional field consultants to their staffs 

* Seven states have begun or greatly expanded programs of grants-in-aid to local 

libraries 

* In 22 states, programs of scholarships or fcfcher grants for education in librarian- 

ship are in operation. In-service training programs have been substantially 
increased. 

* In the fiscal year ending in 1963, $26*9 million in Federal, state and local 

matching funds was spent in tr.e program. Almost half of this went for salaries, 
31$ for books and other materials, and the rest for equipment and other operat- 
ing expenses 

* Of special significance is the fact that state appropriations for rural public 

library services by mid~196l* had increased l8C$ from $>5»5 million to $15°U 
million. Funds from local governments have risen by lti~j% since the Act was 
passed (Table l) 



Table 1. 



Funds Available for Public Libraries in Rural Areas 
(Fiscal year data) 



Government 


1956 


1957 ! 


1953 


155 G 


1?50 


1.961 


1962 


1963 


1961* 








Millies 


is of do! 


Liars 










Total 
Federal 

Local 


29.1* 

72 

23.8 


3l*.0 
1.1* 

6.2 
26.1* 


1*7.7 
1*.? 
8.6 

3U.2 


51*.i 
5*1* 
9 p 

39 o2 


60,1 

7.1 

10,1 

1*2.8 


71.2 

7.1* 

11.5 

52.3 


7U.6 

8.3 

12.8 

53.6 


82.7 
7.1* 

H*.!* 
60„9 


90.7 

7.1* 

15.1* 

67.9 




Percent 


Total 

Federal 

State 

Losal 


100.0 

18,9 
81.1 


100.0 

1*.2 

18.2 

77.6 


100.0 
10.3 
18.0 
71.8 


100.0 

9c9 

17 06 

72o5 


100 O o 
11,8 
16,9 
71.3 


100.0 

io.U 

16.2 
73.1* 


100.0 

11.1 

17.1 
71.8 


100.0 

8.9 

17.1* 

73.7 


100.0 

8.2 

16,9 

7iu9 



* Fur more detailed information, consult Indicators , March 1961*, published by the 
U. S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare i and State Plans Under t be 
Library Services Act; Supplement 3 . (OE-15 012-61) (U.S. Office of Education 
Bulletin 1963, No. U*) 



- 6 - 
WHAT REMAINS TO BE DONE? 

» In I960 there were still 18 million persons who had no readily accessible public 
library service and 110 million more with access only to libraries which are 
inadequate according to minimum state standards 

* Sixty million of the people with inadequate libraries and 1.5 million with no 

public libraries at all are in urban areas of the nation. They were not 
eligible under the terms of the library Services Act to benefit from Federal 
funds, but will be under the new LSCA 

* The great majority of public library buildings today are characterized by advanced 

age, lack of usable space, inefficient design, and expensive maintenance. 
Nearly one-half of the larger public library buildings were constructed before 
1921; a quarter of those date from 1865 to 1900 

* Book prices have increased 82.1$ since 19U7-U9, and 80.5 million more books are 

needed to meet standards, but the percentage of the total budget allocated to 
book purchases has dropped from 15.6$ in 1950 to 12.8$ in I960 

WHERE IS THE MONET COMING FROM? 

* Table 2 shows the sources of income for public libraries for three representative 

years, and illustrates the change in percentage coming from each source 

Table 2. Distribution of Public Library Income by Source: 19U0, 1956, 196U 

Total (in millions) 
Local Government 

Amount 

Percent 
State Government 

Amount 

Percent 
Federal Government 

Amount 

Percent 
Endowment 

Amount 

Percent 
Other Sources (1) 

Amount 

Percent 

(1) Includes funds raised by women T s clubs, civic organizations, Community Chest, 
fines and miscellaneous income 



19U0 


1956 


196U (estima 


$50.0 


$186.0 


$352.0 


IU3.7 
86.7$ 


$162.7 
87.6$ 


$287.8 
82.0$ 


$ 0.3 
1.9$ 


$ 5.0 
2.7$ 


$ 30.U 
8.U$ 


— i 9 


~ 


$ iJk 
2.1$ 


$ 3.0 
6.0$ 


$ 8.0 
U.U$ 


$ 12.3 
3.5$ 


$ 3.0 
6.0$ 


$ 10.0 
5.5$ 


$ lii.O 

U.o$ 



The amount spent on public library service is three-quarters of 1$ of the total 
state and local eperating costs of government; and in i960 was .065$ of the 
national personal income 



The A.L.A. Pre-Conference Institute 

Introduction to Data Processing. Univer- 
sity of Missouri, June 2ii— 27, 196k 

"Computerized Serial Records", presented 
by Don Culbertson, Librarian for Research 
and Development, Colorado State Univer- 
sity, Fort Collins, Colorado, 

Mr. Culbertson pointed out that as an 
institution's files of serial titles 
grow in number above 1000, the, location cf 
the files tends to be decentralized and 
requires expensive duplication of infor- 
mation. The greater the number o£ 
serials, the greater is the variety of 
kinds of serials, and the more exceptions 
to recommended practices by publishers in 
noting information necessary to the li- 
brarian and in placing this information in 
a standardized convenient location in the 
serial. Studies have been made and rec- 
ommendations have been offered to publish- 
ers to standardize this information and 
its location. Little hope is held out foi 1 
implementation of these recommendations 
unless these standards are tied to second 
and third-class mailing privileges. 

It is necessary then to deal with seri- 
als as they are and not as they might or 
ought to be. Because of the activity of 
serial files, the lists presented to 
agents for bidding on subscriptions, ex- 
piration of subscriptions, failures to 
receive issues necessitating claim lists, 
serial titles being added or dropped, 
mergers, sending unbound issues to the 
binder, changes in title, varying fre- 
quencies, and all the other things that 
require the serial record to be continu- 
ally updated and extended, the serial 
record is considered to be the most com- 
plex of library operations for conversion 
to automation. 

Before the conversion program can be 
initiated, there must be a definition of 
goals and considerable study and planning, 
A total systems approach is recommended. 
There should be a complete study of the 
present system. There should be a com- 
plete listing of all the Icinds of infor- 
mation which ought to be included on the 
automated serial record. The resulting 
program should be complete down to the 
last period. 

The experience of several libraries ■ • 
which have undertaken such a program has 
.shown that it is not practicable to con- 
vert from a conventional serials record 
form directly to an automated record. An 



7 - 

Intermediate Serial Record was found to 
be essential. This is a form designed 
for serial information in a format from 
which key punch operators could readily 
transfer the information to machine read- 
able cards for machine processing or for 
input to a computer. In some cases the 
careful correction and completion of the 
serial records and bringing them together 
in a centralized file have brought such 
order, accuracy, and efficiency to the 
serial record as to rival the benefits 
derived from the actual conversion to 
automation* 

It was emphasized that the most complete 
information should be assembled on the 
Intermediate Serial Record. All infor- 
mation which might be useful to any of 
the functions established as goals of the 
automated program should be recorded. The 
uses to which the automated record may be 
put may be effected in an evolutionary 
manner, but the information for all the 
purposes to be accomplished should be 
collected as far as possible on the Inter-, 
mediate Serials Record, or at least pro- 
vision should be made so that the infor- 
mation can be readily added to the 
record. Information which has been found 
to be necessary and useful on the Inter- 
mediate Serials Record includes full 
title, abbreviated title, price, source, 
current volume number, current issue 
number, frequency, language, number of 
issues per volume, subject codes, holdings, 
history statement, cross references from 
title variation or subjects, volume index 
data, and a code number for title [to 
speed sorting and searching]. The Inter- 
mediate Serials Record will also be used 
to denote what spaces on the IBM cards 
then may be used in producing the mag- 
netic tape for the computer. 

It is possible to have an automated 
record using IBM cards and standard ma- 
chines such as sorters, collaters, in- 
terpreters and accounting machines, but 
the limitations as compared with a com- 
puter system make the card system seem 
relatively slow, crude and cumbersome. 
It is not necessary for a library to own 
a computer, but only to have access to 
one. The incredible speed of the com- 
puters allow the work to be completed in 
such a short time that the cost of the 
computer time is surprisingly low. The 
computer project at the University of 
California, San Diego at LaJolla, has 
had access to a Control Data Corporation 



fc 8 - 



model 16QU and to the smaller CDC l60-A, 
The processing time per month has been 
only 3U minutes, with computer costs under 
$U0.00» The CDC-I60U has an internal 
speed of one five-millionth of a second 
for one operation. In this 3U minutes the 
computers brought up to date the master 
tape for 1500 serials, prepared one card 
for each issue of each serial scheduled 
to be received in the following month, 
produced holdings lists by subject and 
location, and lists of current receipts 
of serials by location. These lists are 
prepared by a high speed printer at 1000 
lines per minute. This copy may be a 
single copy, with carbons, or on masters 
for multilith reproductions. Other lists 
which may be generated are bindery lists 
of all serials received unbound [which the 
computer indicates are complete and ready 
for binding], claims lists, non-receipt 
lists, expiration of subscription lists 
and lists according to supplier. 

The method by which current serials are 
checked in is of interest. First the 
computer is instructed to produce IBM 
cards for all issues of serials which 
could be expected to be received during 
the current month. As each issue is re- 
ceived, the corresponding IBM card is re- 
moved from the file and placed in a 
"received" file. At the end of the month 
the "received" cards are fed back to up- 
date the master tape in the computer. 
These "received" cards may also be used 
to produce monthly, weekly, or daily, 
lists of serials currently received. The 
cards left at the end of the month may be 
used for producing claim lists. 

The big costs are not the operation and 
maintenance of the automated serials re- 
cord but the conversion cost from the 
conventional serials record. The pioneer 
conversion programs have taken years to 
develop. During the conversion process 
the manual serial record must be main- 
tained until the mechanized or computer- 
ized program is "debugged". Decisions 
must be made as to what kind of informa- 
tion is needed and in what detail. Will 
the holdings list contain a one line 
title or will each item contain more 
information than you would find on a 
catalog card? What will be the defini- 
tion of serial? Will it include govern- 
ment documents? Will your holdings lists 
contain only current titles or will it 
also include dead titles? Will you use 



the complete title or an abbreviated 
title? UHl you use cross references 
from one subject to another and from 
variations in title? How completely will 
you list your holdings? Will you show 
volumes only, volumes and years? Will 
you indicate that volumes are incomplete? 
In what detail? Many of these choices 
are not mutually exclusive. You may 
wish to be able to use either an abbre- 
viated title or a complete title depend- 
ing on the use you are going to make of 
the output list. In general, the com- 
puter system will encourage collection 
of the most complete information. Pro- 
gramming x-rill allow you to talcs from the 
computer those items and in the arrange- 
ment best suited for your purpose. The 
limited amount of information which can ' 
be stored on each IBM card, 80 characters, 
the quality of printing, the restricted 
font type and size, relative lack of 
flexibility, and much slower operation 
make the user much more conservative in 
the amount and detail of information he 
would' store in the system. The advan- 
tages, including relatively low costs of' 
using high-speed high capacity computers, 
make it uneconomic for a large and ex- 
panding system to plan to use the punched 
card equipment except as adjuncts to the 
cornputers in serial work. 

There are several excellent descrip- 
tions of projects involving changes from 
manual to mechanized or computerized 
serial records. The Winter 1963 issue of 

LIBRARY RESOURCES AMD TECHNICAL SERVICES 
has a lengthy article on the operation 
at University of California, San Diego, 
LaJolla: "Computer Processing of Serial 
Records", by George Vdovin, Melvin J» 
Voigt, David Newman and Clay Perry. The 
BULLETIN OF THE MEDICAL LIBRARY ASSOCIA- 
TION for July iyo3 has a o^aaxled article 
on the project at the Washington Univer- 
sity Library of Medicine at St, Louis: 
"Mechanization of Library Procedures in 
the Iledium-Sized Medical Library", by 
Irwin H, Pizer, Donald R, Franz, and 
Estelle Brodman, Joseph Becker in the 
June 196U ALA BULLETIN in the article: 
"Automating the Serial Record" gives a 
brief summary of the project at Univer- 
sity of California, San Diego, La Jolla, 
Mr, Culbertson mentioned a project at 
Purdue involving 10,000 titles, and 
M.I,T, »s lists of Serials produced by a 
large scale computer. 



-9 - 



The holding lists and lists of current 
receipts, both of which may be produced 
in several copies, can mate the serials 
card catalog unnecessary. The complete- 
ness and the frequent up-dating of these 
lists make available directly to the 
reader information which under the manual 
system he would in many cases have to 
request from a staff member. The check- 
ing-in process is simplified, the claim- 
ing process is simplified. Both are 
greatly speeded up. The possibilities of 
the system in exploiting the library's 
serials to a far greater degree than is 
now possible, for expediting exchanges, 
for completing files, for quicker, fuller, 
and more effective service are encouraging 
and stimulating, 

B. Joseph O'Neil 



t\ rt it it it i\ tt it .. ,» it ,. r\ t \ /C#\ /* r\ it 



mnnnnnr^-r/wrA- 



SOCIAL NOTES 

On Saturday, September 5>, at St, 
Peter's Episcopal Church, Weston, Miss 
M, Elisabeth Friermood, assistant in the 
Children's Room at South Boston Branch, 
was married to Herbert Henry Franck, The 
bride rore a floor length gown of white 
peau de soie and a shoulder length veil 
gathered to a fresh gardenia which 
matched the bridal bouquet. 

Weather cooperated when a cloudy day 
turned to sunshine so that the reception 
could be held on the lawn of the church* 
The bride was given away by her father, 
Dr, Harold Friermood, Her mother, also 
Elisabeth Friermood, author of juvenile 
and young adult books, was once a 
Children's Librarian and is pleased that 
her daughter has chosen the same pro- 
fession, 

Irene H, Tuttle 

A WING-DING AT THE WINDOW SHOP 

At a time when members of the library 
staff seem to be leaving with the fre— ' 
quency of trains from Park Street Under, 
it is often difficult to mark the occa- 
sion of their parting with more than a 
firm handclasp and a tearful nod. One 
solution to the problem is to save all 
the goodbyes until aroaranoth "bash" can 
be arranged in honor of the entire group 
of de par tees. This was the situation 



which prevailed at Codman Square after a 
roll call revealed that four members of 
the staff had either left already or had 
one foot outside the door. 

On the final Tuesday of the month [ a 
day long reserved for transfers and dis- 
continues] the staff migrated from Codman 
to Harvard Square like Birnam Wood to 
Dunsinane, Here, at the Window Shop, 
where the atmosphere id reminiscent of Old 
Vienna at its gayest, a cheerful throng 
of brightly attired females [and one soli- 
tary male] ignored the rain clouds outside 
and proceeded to make the evening memorable 
for the parting guests. 

The bill of fare was a varied one which 
provoked some lively trading in order that 
as many delicacies as possible could be 
sampled in the course of the evening, A 
bottle of sparkling wine added a lilt to 
the conversation and zest to the conviv- 
iality. 

High spot of the festivities was a 
Christmas-in-September presentation of 
four brightly decorated packages. For the 
brides to be, Marjorie Pistorino and Mary 
Ryan, the farewell tokens [representing 
several past occasions] were a beautiful 
pair of Hummel lamps and a handsome tra- 
veling bag, Mrs, Helen McDonough, who 
has taken up residence at Memorial Branch, 
unwrapped a sweater whose many radiant 
hues made Joseph's garment pale by compar- 
ison. The solitary male, William Casey, 
who is moving on to Connolly Branch, was 
rewarded for his gallantry as an escort 
with an impressive briefcase for trans- 
porting his copy of the Staff Manual, 

The party reluctantly disbanded only 
after the waitresses began moving chairs 
and putting out the lights [does that 
sound familiar?] but all were in agreement 
that it had been a memorable evening, 

^>:hbhkkkhhhk:-:h;-k- 

MARY HARRIS RETIRES 

After forty-three years of service to 
the Boston Public Library, would that we 
could all display the vitality, the poise, 
and just plain joie de vivre that emanated 
from Mary Kavin Harris on the occasion of 
her retirement luncheon at the Red Coach 
Grill on October 1, 196U. Neither bowed 
nor bent was the gracious, attractive 
woman who stood before her many friends 
and reminisced about the "good old days", 

Mary Harris first entered the portals of 



- 30 «... 



the BPL at East Boston Branch on October 
27, 1921. From an extra assistant she 
soon rose to the imposing title of High 
Grade General Assistant* Taking courses 
at Simmons j dipping into languages, 
including Russian; passing all the 
library in-service training courses; she 
became Acting-in-Charge at Jeffries Point 
in 1929. From there her career included 
such branches as Orient Heights, East 
Boston, West End, and Tyler Street where 
she became Librarian in 1935, and where 
she was quite active in the Chinese 
community. From Tyler Street she went to 
South Boston in 1937 and from there to 
Charlestown Branch in 19h3, where she was 
Branch Librarian until her retirement on 
October 31, 196U. 

Mrs Harris has always been a librarian 
in, of, and for her community. No shy, 
introverted, cloistered librarian she — , 
but always an integral part of her 
community. The residents of any commun- 
ity she ever worked in never had any 
doubts as to the identity of their branch 
librarian. Mrs. Harris was a librarian on 
the go... her breathless approach and 
departure were her trademark. Her 
library was a neighborhood clearing house 
of information. Her office was constant- 
ly besieged by the professional people of 
the community: doctors, bankers, priests, 
ministers, teachers, etc. In Charlestown 
especially, she was actively involved in 
local civic organizations; church and 
school groups; the Historical Society; 
the Garden Club; Urban Renewal; etc. 
Her Friends of the Library meetings were 
the social events of Charlestown, well 
attended and strongly supported. 

It is a rare privilege to be able to 
eulogize someone who is so very much 
alive. Her staff were always glad to see 
her arrive each day, but equally as glad 
to see her go. Hers was the vibrant, 
high octane personality one could only 
take in small dotes. But her virtues 
abound: intelligent; poised; self-assured; 
gracious; always attractive and tasteful 
in dress; an inveterate reader with a 
penetrating knowledge of books; a gift 
for public speaking; a keen, analytical 
mind; a shrewd judge of people; and a 
sense of humor nicely balanced her tend- 
ency to become overwhelmed by "little 
things." Mrs. Harris was an excellent 
administrator, but fortunately her demand 
for perfectionism in her staff was temper- 
ed by an underlying trust in their 



ability to think for themselves. 

Mary Harris 1 personal generosity is x/ell 
known to all her friends; there is no one 
whom she has refused a helping hand, and 
many times she has slipped a few dollars 
to a staff member to carry him through 
to pay day. Although she may never leave 
this xjorld burdened by riches, she will 
certainly leave it well remembered. She 
is a hostess, sans pareil, officiating at 
hundreds of luncheons and dinners given 
for her staff and library. As to her own 
tenth commandment, neatness, let it be 
said tactfully, that her desk and office 
were obviously those of a working librar- 
ian — and neatness could only denote the 
sterility of do-nothingness. 

So Ilary Kavin Harris has retired, but 
only from the library, certainly not from 
life — as her recent trip to Europe will 
testify. Even now her community of 
Charles tovm is planning a gala testimonial 
for her. As she so well put it herself, 
before she ' 'would become a candidate for 
the screen and shawl, she would retire 
honorably from the field of battle, with 
all banners still flying, and with both 
her wits and pencils sharpened. But one 
feels there is something missing from the 
good old BPL — a tone, a style, a dash 
of color — a unique personality. So God 
speed and good luck MKH, may the years 
ahead be as fruitful and as exciting as 
those of the past, and may they be as 
numerous and as varied as the titles from 
the world of books you are now leaving. 

^;hhhkf>skhhhbhs-k- 
A NOTE OF THANKS 

Dear B.P.L. Friends: 

I am most appreciative of your many 
friendly messages as I retire, somewhat 
reluctantly, from your good company. I 
shall cherish the memory of the abundant 
warmth and friendliness I felt in your 
midst at the farewell luncheon you ten- 
dered me on October first, at the Red 
Coach Grille. If you remember, it was a 
beautiful day, bright and sunny, and every 
one seemed to bring in to the party some 
of that sunshine and gay, buoyant spirit. 
Excellent food, good fellowship, and short 
speeches made for a most enjoyable time. 

I was happy to have a chance to chat 
with many of you who were present, but I 
wish it were possible to thank personally 
all who contributed to the occasion and 



remembered me so considerately with a 
beautiful evening bag filled with a most 
generous ^ift of "green notes". Among my 
souvenirs, I have an attractive card with 
a white satin ribbon bearing a long list 
of names, a pleasant reminder of the kind 
thoughtfulness of my many good friends. 



Affectionately yours, 
MARY K. HARRIS 



October 196k 



WE REGRET ,,. 

that in the September issue of QM we 
neglected to CONGRATULATE Mr, and Mrs, 
Michael Venezia [Mike hails from our 
Patent Room] on the birth of their 3rd 
daughter, Kathryn Rose, on August ljth, 

GET WELL QUICKi 

John Tuley, Superintendent, Fire Control 
is in Carney Hospital for a dental opera- 
tion. His condition is steadily improv- 
ing and he hopes to be home soon, 

3hkh:-;kk:-:kkh* 

Ruth Foley, Book Stack Service, who is 
now convalescing at her niece's home in 
Everett, We know Rut hie would like to 
hear from her many BPL friends so we are 
taking this opportunity to give you her 
present address: 

Miss Ruth Foley 
c/d Aucello 
57 Buckman Street 
Everett, Mass. 

CALENDAR OF EVENTS 

Nov, 18 - Certification examination for 
Professional Librarians, Massachusetts 
Department of Education. 

•S-5HHHKHHHKHHKKKHHHHHKKKKHHHHBHHHHKHHS- 





ELECTI 







ra 



uestion 



MA^l 





THE BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 



NOVEMBER 1964 



T fl E QUESTION MARK 
Published by the Boston Public Library Staff Association 
Volume XIX Number 10 November 196k 



Publications Committee: Michael Arnold; Jean Babcock; Barbara Bachrach; 

Jane Manthorne; Sheila Stevens; Mrs. Bridie Stotz; 
George Scully, Cartoonist; Sarah Usher, Indexer; 
William T, Casey, Chairman 

Publication date* Deadline for submitting material: 

The fifteenth of each month The tenth of each month 



Against the distracting background of a magnificent Indian Summer day, we 
were endeavoring with small success to produce an editorial, when something 
happened and the editorial wrote itself. 

This particular "something" was a small and rather frightened boy who 

suddenly appeared at the registration desk in one of the branches, clutching a 

letter which he solemnly presented to the librarian. We have taken the liberty 

of reproducing that letter, because it seems to express far more eloquently than 

any words we could muster, the essence of library service in the fullest meaning 

of that term. 

To it may concern 

Could you please give Joseph My Son. 
7 years old. 

He gose to School (2nd grade) 

Birth 3/22/57 year, 
a library Card please. 

He needs reading & trying to have him to 
reading class. 

I am unable to come nyself because I just 
had a baby. 

Please I would appreciate it thank you 

from Mother (only) 

no Father, 

THE PUBLICATIONS COMMITTEE 



PRESIDENT'S NOTES 

For the past several months the Execu- 
tive Board has been devoting a great deal 
of time and energy to the problem of LA. 
salary increases. This matter will be 
brought up for full discussion at the 
November Business Meeting, I hope to 
have more definite information for the 
staff at that time. 

The results of the Union Poll have been 
tabulated and will also be presented for 
discussion at the next business meeting. 
Since the results of the poll indicate 
a majority of anti-union votes, this will 
not be the subject of the fall profes*. 
sional meeting. 

It has been brought to my attention 
recently that many Staff Representatives 
do not know what their responsibilities 
are, I would like to clarify this situ- 
ation by calling to their attention the 
notice to Staff Representatives which was 
sent out to them in March, 196U, This 
notice outlines the duties of the Staff 
Representative very clearly. If any 
Staff Representative does not have a copy, 
I will be very happy to provide one. 

At the last Executive Board meeting 
the Board voted to instruct the Personnel 
Committee to make a study of an In-Service* 
training program and an Orientation pro- 
gram, 

MARY T. CROWE, 

President 

PERSONNEL NOTES 

Entered ; 

Thomas E, Logan - Book Stack Service 
Alfred J, Valentine - Book Stack Service 
Maureen E, Hanlon, Book Purchasing 
Kenneth H, Hilliard, Jr. - Book Stack 

Service 
Assunta Donisi - Book Selection R&RS 

(re-entry) 
Bernadette F, Collins - Science and 

Technology 
Laura Liebowitz - East Boston 
Christopher Ivusic - Periodical and News. 

paper 
Louise M, Watson - Central Charging 

Records 

Transferred : 

Mary Anna Campbell from Memorial to 
Uphams Comer 



Susanna M, Gill from East Boston to 

Egleston 
Harriet McGrath from Personnel Office to 

Home Reading Division Office 
Michael Tiorano from Audio-Visual to 

Central Charging Records 
Helen Harrington from Book Purchasing 

to Book Selection R&RS 

Returned from Military Service : 

Edward Stenberg - Exhibits 
Ronald McLeod - Audio Visual 

Terminations : 

John R, Finnegan - Book Stack Service 

Mrs, Helene Fisher - Personnel Office - 
to stay at home with daughter 

Camille Gaudette - Cataloging and Classi- 
fication R&RS - getting married and 
leaving the city« 

Mary F, Colpas - Egleston Square - 
another position 

Mrs, Brenda Hemingway Thomas - Mt„ 
Pleasant - moving out of city, 

Noreen Quealey - Parker Hill - to devote 
more time to studies 

JHBBBHHHKHBHHB H t « H X X IHBHBHBHBHHHHBBHHHHK* 

CATHOLIC LIBRARY ASSOCIATION 

The New England Unit of the Catholic 
Library Association held its fall meeting 
at Assumption College Library in Worcester, 
Mass., on Saturday, October 2U, 1961;, 
Fair, cool weather added to the enjoyment 
of the day for the two hundred or more 
persons who attended. 

The meeting got under way at 2:30 p.m., 
with a panel discussion by four faculty 
members of the college on "Ecumenism and 
the printed word," The speakers, who 
were, Rev. George Bissonnette, Rev. Ernest 
Fortin, Rev. Denys Gonthier, and Rev e 
Joseph Pelletier, stressed the need and 
importance of books and libraries in the 
fulfillment of the proposals put forth 
by the Second Vatican Council for the 
furtherance of Christian Unity* 

Lunch was available before the meeting 
in the Taylor Dining Hall for those who 
wished. After the program, tours of the 
Library were taken and refreshments 
served. The day ended about five o'clock 
with unanimous agreement of all who 
attended that it was one of the finest 
programs we have had 

HARRY FLETCHER 

MXXXXKXXiaBHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHKHHHKHHHHHBHHfr 



- 3 - 



EDNA G. PECK RETIRES 



Mention the name EDNA G. PECK and you 
are bound to conjure up a dual image, and 
which picture comes first depends upon 
the hour of the day which you indulge in 
reminiscing. If it is at tea time, the 
first picture must inevitably be of a 
seven-layer cake resting majestically and 



by the master hand which created it and 
adorning one of the fancy tea trays re- 



Division, the duties of which position 
included book reviewing for the Branch 
Librarians at their regularly scheduled 
meetings. So, in December 1937, she left 
the friends she had made at Phillips 
Brooks, where the congenial atmosphere of 
a small community just naturally developed 
a relationship more personal than that 
which usu ally exists between Branch Li- 
brarian and borrowers. To exchange the 



still uncut in its special carrying case, 

or already cut into the right-size pieces warm and vibrant contacts with the public 



for the behind-the-scenes position must 
have meant a drastic adjustment, but Miss 



served for parties. At other times, the 1 Peck took it in stride and Book Selection 
picture is of a gracious lady with gray j became the richer for her guidance over 



hair piled high on her head like a crown;, 
with blue eyes capable of sparkling with 
joy or burning with indignation, which- 
ever emotion the immediate situation 
might evoke j but always hurrying along 
the halls with short, staccato steps as 
though to be sure to get there in time 
for a front-row seat should the Library 
be visited, suddenly, by a delegation 
from Mars. 

Graduation from Acadia Academy in Wolf 
ville, Nova Scotia, a two year period of 



teaching in Linden Hall, a private school at meetings of Friends of the Library, 



many years. She, on the other hand, was 
compensated in large measure by associa- 
tion with two persons of such high caliber 
as Christine Hayes and William C, Maiers, 
Jr, 

Probably few persons on the B.P.L. staff 
are known as individuals to so many of the 
public it serves as is Edna G. Peck, 
Through the many book talks which she gave 
in Branch Libraries and elsewhere through- 
out the city, she has delighted hundreds 
who look forward eagerly to her appearance 



among the Mennonites in Pennsylvania, and 
another period of Librarianship at Shaw 
University in Raleigh, North Carolina, 
preceded Miss Peck's entry into the 
Boston Public Library in 1928. Those 
newcomers to the Branch System in those 
days who were introduced to its intrica- 
cies under the gentle yet firm supervi- 
sion of Mary E. Ames at Fellows Athenaeum 
were indeed a privileged group. Miss 
Peck was fortunate enough to be one of 

them. 

Brief periods of experience at Memorial 
and Dorchester were followed by transfer 
to Tyler Street where she tarried only 
two years. Then began the six-and-one- 
half years "on the periphery" at Phillips 
Brooks where, in October 1931, she was 
appointed Branch Librarian, On the staff 
at that time was Edith H. Bailey, an 
individual possessed of rare insight and 
perception. Her ability to see events 
in their true perspective gave greater 
meaning to the many experiences they 
shared and placed those years in a spe- 
cial category. 

Miss Peck's outstanding book reviews in 
the Book Selection Class taught by Bertha 
V. Hartzell in Training Class days made 
her a natural choice to head the Book 
Selection Department in the Circulation 



Never Too Late Groups, local church groups, 
and professional organizations* 

Her speaking career has expanded in 
recent years to include book reviewing in 
most of the New England States, an activ- 
ity she will continue in her retirement» 
But, her real career in public speaking 
began in 1936 when the M.L.A, entered into 
the field of radio and arrangements were 
made whereby fifteen minutes of educational 
time were allowed by WEEI weekly for a 
program titled MEET THE AUTHOR, As head 
of the Radio Committee, a sub-committee of 
the Publicity Committee of the M.LJU 
Planning Board, Miss Peck was responsible 
for securing authors and for introducing 
them on the air c 

Since the organization of the Boston 
Chapter of WNBA she has been active in all 
its undertakings, serving her term as 
president, and also as chairman of the 
first two highly successful Book and Author 
luncheons, which have become a tradition 
since they have opened National Library 
Week for five successive years,, Because 
as a member of A.L.A., M.L.A., and B.P.L, 
S.A. [twice Presidnetj once Editor], she 
carried to success any committee work she 
undertook, she was frequently approached 
to serve and always accepted without 
hesitation. 



- k - 



Can one ever truly assess the person- 
ality which is Edna G. Peck? Probably 
not. But, those who have worked with her 
under varying circumstances would agree 
that she has been richly blessed because 
over more than three decades they have 
found her to be — - a generous, outgoing 
person, filled with the joy of living; 
endowed with so ready a wit that she was 
never at a loss for the appropriate re- 
joinder; always on time [or ahead of it{] 
so that Peck and punctuality became syn- 
onymous; willing to fight to uphold the 
principles and policies in which she be- 
lieved; efficient and capable in the run- 
ning of her department so that she was 
accorded the respect and cooperation of 
her staff; possessed of energy unlimited; 
sympathetic and understanding with those 
who suffered or encountered trouble; an 
inveterate party instigator; a devotee of 
the Coffee Shop where she was the inspi- 
ration for more than one "special"; a 
happy traveler; and always a loyal friend, 

\/hen finally convinced that she meant 
what she said when she announced her im- 
pending retirement, the spontaneous re- 
action was that there should be a party 
which would be the BEST. Whether she felt 
that the tea at the Women's City Club on 
October twenty-fourth met this high spec- 
ification, only she knows. But we know 
that over thirty alumnae joined more than 
one hundred fellow workers in honoring 
her, and they came from Washington, D.C., 
Brooklyn and Garden City, New York, and 
from all points in and around Boston. The 
old Boston house overlooking the Common 
provided a perfect setting; the food was 
delicious and plentiful; the flower ar- 
rangements were beautiful; the guest of 
honor was at her best and her reminis- 
cences were a fitting climax to an after- 
noon shared with friends. Mr. Carroll 
was delightful in his presentation of the 
tangible evidence of the high regard in 
which Miss Peck is held. It was a black 
evening bag containing a check and accom- 
panied by a card with the traditional 
white satin ribbon on which had been typed 
the names of a long, long list of friends. 

And now as she starts out on a new and 
challenging road, her friends wish her the 
very best and join in this toast: 
To E.G. P.— "Wherever you travel, may a 

star lead you; the wind be at 
your back, the road rise up to 
meet you, and God hold you in 
the hollow of his hand," 

SARAH M. USHER 



WITH SINCERE THANKS 



As I look back upon October 2Uth, from 
a pinnacle of ten days, it seems to me 
that my fellow workers staged the perfect 
Boston Tea Party. The Committee in charge 
is to be congratulated. The beautiful 
weather [for this the Committee gets full 
credit;] the ideal setting; the handsome 
floral decoration; the delicious refresh- 
ments; the host of friends of today and 
yesteryear; the spirit of comradeship 
that prevailed - everybody seemed to have 
a good time fl especially the guest of 
honor - and the giftj I am still over- 
whelmed. The dainty evening bag and its 
amazing contents almost, but unfortunately 
not entirely, left me speechless. 

What shall I buy with such a munificent 
sum? I have not definitely decided. I 
need very much, and may buy, a lovely 
comfortable chair in which I can sit and 
enjoy the television which the Book 
Selection Committees and other close 
associates gave me about three years ago «= 
I thought that was to be my "graduation" 
present. A chair has another attraction, 
I can "sit on" the staff for the rest of 
my life. 

For all the planning and work on the 
part of the Committee, for Mr. Carroll's 
gracious presentation, for the handsome 
"memory" book made by the Bindery Depart- 
ment and for the generous contributions 
of some two hundred and fifty staff mem- 
bers, according to the traditional 
"ribbon", I am truly grateful. 

I leave you with regrets but regrets 
overshadowed by gratitude for thirty-six 
years doing the work I enjoyed among 
associates who have become my friends, 

EDNA G. PECK 
November, 196k 

iHHHB»HHHHKHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH«HHHHHHHt 

PLEASE ATTEND { 

The November Business Meeting of the 
B.P.L.SJlo will be held on Friday, 
November 20, 196k at 9 s 15 a.m. in the 
Lecture Hall, We urge all members, who 
can possibly do so, to attend* 



MUSIC LIBRARY ASSOCIATION 

Report on meeting of New England Chapter, 
Music Library Association, October 13>, 
196U, at Uentworth-by-the-Sea* 

by David Nevin with back seat driving by 
Ruth Bleecker and Natalie Palme 

It was a lovely day: we were all very 
pleasantly surprised to see how much later 
the fall colors had remained in the warm- 
er, coastal area. But following an ex- 
tremely eye-appealing ride via less- 
traveled routes through Rye and Hampton, 
N„H., and despite muffled threats to for- 
sake 'our duty* to spend the remainder of 
the day bird-watching or simply enjoying 
the beauty of the New England coast, we 
arrived at I Jentworth-by-t he-Sea. After 
registering and receiving our green name 
tags, we proceeded to the hotel's Cote 
d'Azur Room for the meeting of the New 
England Chapter, Music Library Association, 

Therese Mueller, Music Librarian of 
Wellesley College and Chairman of the New 
England Chapter, began the afternoon's 
program with welcoming remarks and intro- 
duction of speakers o The first of three 
talks on "Phono-records and Tapes as 
Library Materials" was given by Miss 
Mattie Barclay, Music Librarian of Mil ford, 
Connecticut's, Taylor Public Library, who 
spoke of the selection and processing 
procedures used in their small, circulating 
collection of phonodiscs, and quite glow- 
ingly of the appreciation of their patrons 
and the value of both musical and spoken 
word recordings in the public library. The 
next speaker, Miss Ethel Bacon, told of a 
different medium, tape recordings, and of 
a different environment and clientele in 
her duties as Music Librarian at the Uni- 
versity of Hartford [Conn*,], The success 
of their present installation consisting 
of a four-tape-deck console with twelve 
listening positions was attested to by 
the fact that plans are currently in formu- 
lation for the addition of four more 
machines, increasing the total number of 
listening positions to forty-four© Her 
explanation of the problems and solutions 
in the programming of specific composi-» 
tions, especially during pre -examination 
review periods, and of their project to 
tape record all campus concerts for pres- 
ervation were particularly interesting 
(and at times, amusing). 

The highlight of the afternoon was a 
talk given by Mr. Charles P, Fisher, 



President of Cambridge Records, Inc., 
of Wellesley, Mass D , in which he ex~ 
plained how a small record company forms 
a philosophy for selection of a particu- 
lar type or form of music for reproduc- 
tion, much as a book-publishing house is 
known for its emphasis on a particular 
type of book or subject coverage. Some 
of his most interesting remarks were on 
how closely his particular company at- 
tempts to work with the recording artists 
and how the editing of a recorded per- 
formance could actually make the phono- 
disc version 'better than real'* 

Although all the speakers participated 
in the question-and-answer period which 
followed the talks, a question on the 
problem of stereophonic versus monaural 
recordings elicited a thought-provoking 
observation from Mr<> Fisher. He said 
that although monaural recordings will 
probably still be in use, the combination 
of improved stereophonic recording tech- 
niques - both actual and simulated - and 
the ever-increasing use of stereophonic 
cartridges by manufacturers of record 
players, even in their cheaper 'mono 1 
machines, will mean that the market will 
be almost entirely for the stereophonic 
recording and machine - probably within 
five years or less* 

After the meeting we gathered up free 
pamphlets and catalogs, met old and new 
friends, and proceeded to committee 
meetings, thence to the banquet and John 
Braine's discussion of contemporary 
British novelists* 

*JHHBHHHHHHH«HHS^HHHHHH«HHBKHHHHHttHHHHH(* 

YOUTH 

Age, I'm miles ahead of you, 

I got a running startj 
Now this road is paved with tears, 

I wish we didn't part 

I'd like to stop and wait for you, 

But I'm too far ahead j 
For youth, while you're still catching up, 

I'll have fallen deado 

Maureen E, Hanlon 
Book Purchasing 



REMEMBER 



C A R E I 



• 6~ 



"MARY K. HARRIS NIGHT" 

Outside it was foggy and gloomy, but 
inside at U3 Monument Square, Charlestown, 
all was very gay and festive. The occa- 
sion was "Mary K. Harris Night" at the 
Charlestown Branch Library, when, on the 
evening of November 12, 1°6U, the Friends 
of the Library gathered to honor their 
former Branch Librarian and to meet her 
successor, Mrs. Elinor D. Conley. 

For the one hundred and fifty guests, 
even the title of the program suggested 
a light heartedness which characterized 
the evening. This was "Mrs. 'arris Went 
to Paris and Lots of Other Places", a 
travelogue with colored slides narrated 
by Miss L. Josephine Reid, Assistant 
Principal of the Emerson District, East 
Boston, and cousin of Mrs. Harris, who 
accompanied her on a recent trip to 
Europe. 

Miss Margaret Murphy, President of the 
Friends group, opened the meeting, intro» 
ducing Mrs. Conley who welcomed the guests 
and expressed her appreciation for the 
continued cooperation and support of the 
community. Miss Reid then gave her talk 
which was both informative and witty. 
Following this, Miss Murphy presented the 
Reverend Mr. Wolcott Cutler, former 
Charlestown pastor and staunch Friend of 
the Library. Mr. Cutler presented Mrs, 
Harris with a little book on "Friends", 
together with a card and generous check 
from the Friends of the Library, the 
Garden Club and Charlestown Community 
Associates. Several individuals sent Mrs. 
Harris flower arrangements for presenta- 
tion at this time. In response, Mrs. 
Harris spoke with deep appreciation of 
her many friendly relationships and her 
happy experiences in the Charlestown 
Branch Library. Although she said that 
for once she was almost speechless, she 
managed characteristically to say just 
the right thing at the right time. 

Following the program, refreshments 
were served in the bright, newly decora- 
ted Children's Room, and Mrs. Harris was 
presented with a large cake in the shape 
of a book, and decorated with fall 
flowers. 

Library guests included Mr. Carroll, 
Mrs. Andelman, Miss Katherine Rogan, Miss 
Marion Herzig, and Miss Linda Ivers. 

Throughout the evening, Charlestown's 
ever-present friendliness and community 



spirit was very much in evidence, and the 
gaiety of the occasion was sustained by 
the thought that Mary Harris will still 
be a very active member of this community, 
even though she will not be at k3 Monu- 
ment Square. 

CHILDREN'S BOOK FAIR 

The fourth annual Children's Book Fair 
sponsored by the Boston Herald Traveler 
and co-sponsored by the Boston Public Li- 
brary, the Children's Book Council and the 
Massachusetts Department of Education was 
a great success. Bus load after bus load 
of children arrived at the New England Life 
Building to attend the stimulating programs 
presented by authors, illustrators and 
librarians. Some programs had an audience 
of about five hundred children, teachers 
and other interested groups. 

Three thousand children's books were 
effectively displayed in the exhibit area* 
From Sunday through Saturday children came 
singly, with parents or with school groups 
to see the books and to make notes about 
those they would like to read or to buy. 
Always there is a little disappointment 
• when they cannot purchase books at the 
Fair. 

The staff of the Boston Public Library, 
past and present, contributed in no small 
way to the success of the Children's Book 
Fair. 

Participating in the program were Miss 
Margaret Holt of the Egleston Square 
Branch author of David McCheever's twenty 
nine dogs; Mrs. Beryl Robins on, Readers 



Advisor for Children; Miss Martha Engler, 
Miss Diane Farrell, and Miss Juliann 
DeKoning children's workers in the branche. 
.reviewed books. Miss Farrell also spoke 
, about Book Week and children's books on 
the Louise Morgan program. 

To all we say thank you. 

RUTH M. HAYES 



i ■ 

1 



-7- 



HAPPY 



THANKSGIVING 



T 
ALL 



SOAP 



.JfflL 



Any contribution to the Soap Box must be 
accompanied by the full name of the Asso»- 
ciation member submitting it, together 
with the name of the Branch Library, De- 
partment or Office in which he or she is 
employed,, The name is with-held from 
publication, or a pen name is used, if the 
contributor so requests. Anonymous con- 
tributions are not given consideration. 
The author of the article is known only tc 
the Editor-in-Chief. The contents of the 
articles appearing in the Soap Box are 
personal opinions expressed by individual 
Association members and their appearance 
does not necessarily indicate that the 
Publications Committee and the Association 
are in agreement with the views expressed a 
Only those contributions not containing 
more than 300 words will be accepted. 



S R R Y | 

NO 
LVE ITERS 

THIS 
MONTH 



IN MEMORIAM 
MRS. LILLIAN P» BURROUGHS 

When Mrs. Lillian P. Burroughs died on 
October 17, 196k, THE QUESTION MARK lost 
one of its most faithful readers. 

Mrs„ Burroughs was a native of Charles- 
town, had taught five years in the Boston 
schools following graduation from Boston 
Normal School in l8 Q £, and had raised a 
family before she entered the Boston 
Public Library Branch System e She was 
assigned to Charlestown and worked there 
until her compulsory retirement at the 
age of 70, in June 19h3» 

She lost no time in beginning a second 
library career, for the records show that 
she began working at the Boston Athenaeum 
in June 1°U3« She continued as a full- 
time member of the staff until the last 
few years when she reduced her work load 
to a lesser number of hours a weeko Her 
second, and final, retirement came in 
September 1963, at the age of 90, 

During her years at the Athenaeum she 
never lost interest in the B.P.L., and 
for many years come personally, and al- 
ways before it came due, to pay her sub- 
scription to THE QUESTION MARK, and in 
cidentally to chat about the "good old 
days" at Charlestown. 

SARAH M. USHER 

*Crs t* /\ /T7% jf>o* /. ,\ ?r?wS / r/on ww-w-w www r^-/r«"r<nnw«ViryrJnnw 



A RECENT SCENE IN BATES HALL J 




Jf 



t *rf& 



uPoor Guy - he got 
everything he asked for" 



BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY STAFF ASSOCIATION 




■Q/Vl V^TU 






f\ 





CARE COMMITTEE 

Selma Horwitz, Chairman, Roslindale 

Anne Dray, Roslindale Rhoda Blacker, Adams Street Marie Cashman, Open Shelf 




TO 



iiestion 




THE BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 



DECEMBER 1964 



THE QUESTION MARK 
Published by the Boston Public Library Staff Association 
Volume XIX Number 11 December 196h 

Publications Committee: Michael Arnold; Jean Babcock; Barbara Bacbrach; Jane 

Manthornej Sheila Stevens; Mrs. Bridie Stotz; George 
Scully, Cartoonist; Sarah Usher, Indexer; 
William T # Casey, Chairman 

Publication date: Deadline for submitting material: 

The fifteenth of each month The tenth of each month 



For some months past, the gray concrete octopus that winds through 
Copley Square has continued the relentless process of transmuting a Venetian 
palace into an exit ramp. For most Bostonians, this new segment of the ex- 
panding expressway complex is simply the means they will utilize to travel 
from one nerve-shattering traffic snarl to another. For the library however, 
it is symbolic of the tremendous changes that have involved the entire profession. 

This issue of QM contains a special report from Our Man in Book Stack, 
As we read his account of one "long day's journey into nite" we thought briefly 
how peaceful it might be to return for a moment to the tranquility of a by-gone 
era when Bates Hall looked like this: 

Twenty or thirty people are usually to be found here, some 
writing, most of them reading hard, and a few gazing about 
them. All are quiet. Few sounds break the silence, except, 
now and then, the tap of the cancelling stamp at the desk, 
a footfall in the corridors, or the faint rustle of book- 
leaves. 

(Whitehall, Boston Public Library, p. 80) 

But no amount of wishful thinking can return us to the gas-light era. 
For us, the expressway has become a one-way street into the future. We offer 
certain necessary services, and these will be subjected to ever widening demands, 
particularly as regionalism becomes more and more of a harsh reality. Caught in 
a squeeze between expanding demand and diminishing resources, we have been 
forced to serve the 20th century needs with 19th century equipment. 

To meet our committment to the future demands more than the grudging 
acceptance of enforced change. It means a willingness to adopt new methods of 
operation when these are superior to the old. 

We face an extremely difficult period of transition as we shift from 
quill pen to computer and the past labors valiantly to cope with the future. The 
end of the year is a logical piece of high ground from which to view this marriage 
of past and future. 1961; has cost us some thing in the passing of many staff mem- 
bers who have contributed so richly to the heritage of our institution. But 
because they each contributed so much of themselves to the library, we will be 
able to draw on this legacy for help in the long task that lies before us. 

THE PUBLICATIONS COMMITTEE 



*• 2- *■* 



PRESIDENT'S NOTES 

I am deeply concerned about the appar- 
ent lack of interest on the part of the 
members in the activities of the Staff 
Association, I know that ..many of you 
feel discouraged by the fact that we have 
not yet realised the goals which we had 
hoped to achieve this year. May I re- 
mind you of two things: First, the year 
is not yet over and the Executive Board 
is still hard at work on many projects 
which we hope will result in the success- 
ful attainment of our goals. It is too 
premature to make any announcement of 
these projects. Secondly, I believe that 
in order to achieve success, all members 
must actively support the Staff Associa- 
tion. The success of any organization 
depends upon the willing and active coop- 
eration of its members. The recent union 
poll indicated that you did want the 
Association to continue to represent you* 
I realize that staff shortages and days 
off sometimes make it impossible to 
attend the business meetings but I would 
like to remind you that we are one of the 
few staff organizations allowed to hold 
meetings on library time. Would it not 
be possible to give up some of your free 
time, especially if such a sacrifice 
would be beneficial to you? We want to 
encourage more active participation of 
the younger members of the staff, but we 
ask that the more mature and experienced 
members lead the way by taking a more 
active and vocal role in the Association, 

We have not received any word as yet 
on our presentation, to the Trustees, of 
a request for a 5% increase for the 
Library Assistants, I hope that we will 
have some information very soon* 

A report of the Personnel Committee *s 
study of an In-Service Training and 
Orientation Program is in process and will 
will be presented to you at the January 
Business Meeting, 

MARY T. CROWE, 
President 

PERSONNEL NOTES 

Entered 

Mary Anne Vaughan - Science and Technology 

Transferred 

Elizabeth Jordan from Mattapan to Codman 
Square 



Married 

Barbara J, Feeley, Information Office to 
Richard Pearson, November 11, 1°6U 

Military Leave 

John J. Rohen - Central Charging Records 

Return from Military Leave 

William J, Scannell - Book Purchasing 

Ceased 

Harry E. Arnold - Open Shelf - to return 

to college 
Mrs, Brenda H, Thomas - Mt. Pleasant - 

moved to New York state 
Susanna M, Gill - Egleston Square - to 

work in another library 
Irene Probstein - Rare Books - to work 

at Harvard 
Herman 0. Peterson - Book Stack Service - 

resigned 

^^skhbbhhbhhbbbbbbbhbkbbhbkbhhbbhbbbbbb* 

SICK ROLE 

We thought perhaps staff members would 
like to send Season's Greetings to the 
following shut-ins: 

Miss Beatrice M. Flanagan 
Ripley Road Nursing Home, Inc, 
25 Ripley Road 
Cohasset 

Mr. John W. Tuley 
21 Ashmont Street 
Dorchester, Mass. 0212U 

Mrs. Veronica Lehane 
85 Ocean Street 
Dorchester, Mass. 0212U 
c/o Mrs. Ferris 

■JHHHHHHHHBHHHHHHWHHWHHttHHHHBttHH^ 

To the Staff: 

The Committee and Chairman of CARE wish 
to thank all those who contributed in 
malcing it a Happy Thanksgiving, 

We would also like to remind the Staff 
Representatives to collect their contri- 
butions - which will be the last for this 
year - so that we may send something to 
CARE for the Christmas Season, 

Anne Dray 

Marie Cashman 

Rhoda Blacker 

Selma Horwitz, Chairman 
-jbbbbx^bbbkkbbbbh^bxbbbbbbbxbbbbbbbbbbbbbbb;- 



- 3 - 



MALES GATHER AT BOSTON UNIVERSITY 



On Tuesday, November 17, some sixty- 
eight members of the Mens Librarians 
Club gathered at the Sherman Union 
Building at Boston University for 
their Autumn meeting. 

After an excellent roast beef dinner 
in the hidden recesses of Dining Room 
A, the group adjourned to the recently 
constructed law library in the high 
rise building which dominates the 
Commonwealth Avenue campus, A tour of 
the law school and law library was 
conducted by the librarian, Mr, Charles 
Connolly, High spot of this tour was 
reached in a literal sense when the 
group paused at the seventh floor to en- 
joy the spectacular view of Boston 
and the Charles River, 

A glimpse into the future of Boston 
University came when Dr. Gustave A, 
Harrer, Director of Boston University 
Libraries discussed the plans for 
the new library which is to be con- 
structed on the campus. Conceived by 
a group composed of librarians, 
faculty members, architects and engineers 
the new building is designed to meet 
the needs of an expanding university 
complex and will utilize the latest 
concepts of library architecture and 
design. 



4HHHt^HHHHH«HHHHHHHHHHf-JttHH«««HHHH«BH«HHHHt* 



CHARLES RIVER LIBRARY CLUB 

On the cold and windy morning of 
December 1, 1961*, the Charles River 
Library Club held its first meeting for 
196U-1965 in the very attractive multi- 
purpose room of Simmons College's 
Beatley Library. Promptly at 10 A.M. 
the meeting began with the introductory 
remarks of the President, Mr. Robert 
Wagenknecht of the Winchester Public 
Library. The first speaker on the 
program was Miss Loda May Hopkins of the 
Simmons College School of Library 
Science, who discussed book reviewing 
for adults. The B.P.L, was well 
represented by Miss M. Jane Manthorne 
and Mrs. Beryl Robinson rtio spoke on 
book reviewing for young adults and 
for children, respectively. Following 
these stimulating lectures, optional 



tours of the library were conducted. 



Dennis R. Dunnigan 
Audio-Visual Department 



4HHHHHHHHttHHHHHHttHHHHHHHB^rtHMB^ 



5305 - 121*6 - 906 



These are not the measurements of 
Gargantua but figures of business at 
Bates Hall' Center Desk on Friday, Bfc« -• 
vember 27, 1961*, the day after Thanks- 
giving. This represents 121*6 patrons 
submitting 5305 requests for books 
and 906 items prepared for home cir- 
culation from departments of Reference 
and Research Services, 

This was not a record day as March 
9, 1963 has 1305 people sending 
through 5520 slips with 953 books cir- 
culated. Credit for a job well done 
must be given to the staff of Book 
Stack Service on this hectic day. A 
staff of 13 individuals reported for 
work at 9 and without warning it 
struck at 9tl5. With the good graces 
of Mr. John J. Connolly an SOS was sent 
to our Library Aides, home from school, 
to assist and their response was 
gratifying. 

Patrons came from as far north as 
Lowell, as far south as Providence, 
Rhode Island, and as far West as 
Worcester, 

The increased use of the Library 
by students leads one to believe 
that the old adage "You ain't seen 
nothin' yet" still holds. 



Frank P, Bruno 



■iHHHHH*-iBHHHHHHHHHHHttHBHH^HHra-3B^ 



TO ALL MEMBERS OF THE STAFF: 

You are all invited to a Christmas 
Party on Wednesday, December 23, 1961*, 
from 10 A.M. to 12 noon, in the' Men's 
Lunchroom and Lounge. 

HOUSE COMMITTEE FOR MEN 



- h ~ 



^ 



- 'J 



v^ 




' \ £' 



V 




Any contribution to the Soap Box must be accompanied by the full 
name of the Association member submitting, it, together with the name 
of the Branch Library, Department or Office in which he or she is 
employed. The name is with-held from publication, or a pen name is 
.used, if the contributor so requests. Anonymous contributions are 
not given consideration. The author of the article is known only to 
the Editor-in-Chief. The contents of the articles appearing in the 
Soap Box are personal opinions expressed by individual Association 
members and their appearance does not necessarily indicate that the 
Publications Committee and the Assocjiation are in agreement with the 
views expressed. Only those contributions not containing more than 
300 words will be accepted. 



THE 

STAFF MEMBERS 

WERE BUSY WRITING 

TO SANTA CLAUS AND 

'AS A RESULT WE RECEIVED 

NO COMMUNICATIONS FOR THE 





CHRISTMAS TEA 




December 22, 1964 

Women's Lounge 

3-430 PM 



Committee 



Jean Babcock 
Geneva Kershner 
Bertha Keswick 
Grace Laughlin 
Margaret Noonan 



Ellen Oldham 
Mildred Somes 
Sheila Stevens 
Michael Venezia 
Elizabeth W right 



Elizabeth Scannell, Chairman 



BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 



THE BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY STAFF ASSOCIATION 







Anne Dray, Roslindale - Marie Cashman, Open Shelf - Rhoda Blacker, Adams Street 



BOSTON 



PU BUCUB«W" 



9999 



06314 



620 1