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Published by the Boston Public Library Professional Staff Association 

Vol. II 

January 1947 

.M, 1 


On January 18 the Staff Association' k 
second business meeting for the election 
of officers vail take place. 

Less than a year ago the Association 
ivas launched — in a mixture of hope, mis- 
giving, encouragement, derision, and a 
cheerful mllingness to "try anything 
once" which at least served the practical 
P'Upose of getting the new enterprise 
afloat. It has had more success than 
many critics predicted. For the first 
tine in years the whole staff has had 
social evenings together, vdth interest- 
ing programs, and a pleasant chance to 
talk things over afterward. The previous 
gr..p between Branches and Central har been 
bridged by these meetings, as well as by 
the fact that both groups are represented 
on the Executive Board and on the various 
coL-'jnittees . 

But the Association vra.s not fovmded 
simply as a social club. It should be 
more than that; how much more, depends 
entirely on its members. Constructive 
corporate action is rooted in the indi- 
vidual's sense of responsibility. This 
alone can make a professional group 
elastic enough to admit all typos of 
opinion, unified enough to agree on es- 
sentials, and above all convinced enough 
to defend the best of its aims when it 
fools that to be necessary. 

The Staff Association is not the Ull, 
and vre do not pretend that our affairs 
are of universal importance. But they 
are, nevertheless, our affcirs. We 
should like to see the coming year clear 
av/ay some of the bitterness and defeatism 
that have vexed the Library during 1946. 
The Association is on its feet; it can ahead and grow to maturity if its 
members will make it — first, by taking 
the trouble to vote next Satvirday; later, 
by shomng active interest in its prog- 
ress . 


The annual business meeting for the 
election of officers will be held on 
Saturday, January 18, at 9 a.m. in the 
Lecture Hall. 

After the transaction of business 
balloting vdll continue until 2.15 p.m. 
in order to allov/ members from the 
Branch Libraries or those on duty at 
Central to vote. 



The Trustees and the Director msh a 
Happy New Year to all members of the 
library staff. May it be for all of us 
a rich and fruitful year of activity on 
behalf of the Library and the citizens 
vihom it serves. 

MLTON E. LORD, Director 


The many staff members who contributed 
to the Treasure Chests for French school 
children will be glad to know that the 
boxes were shipped to Bordeaux in Decem- 
ber. One, containing thirty-eight vol- 
uiTies, v/ent to the School for Boys; the 
other, TAdth thirty volumes, to the 
School for Girls. Professor Guinard's 
children are ajnong the students at these 


Ifr. F. C. Francis, Secretary of the 
British Museum, v;as a recent visitor in 
the Library. 



Open house at the East Boston Branch 
on Thiirsday, Docenber 5, climaxed the 
celebration of the seventy-fifth anni- 
versary of the opening of the first mu- 
nicipally supported branch library in 
the United States. 

About three hundred people vieived tne 
exhibit of old pictures, maps of the is- 
land, costumes, and interesting histori- 
cal material on display in the Adult 
Room, and attended the program held in 
the Lectxire Hall at eight in the evening. 
Hiss Dorothy' F, Nourse, Branch Librarian, 
welcomed the guests and announced the 
twelve vdnners from East Boston high and 
jimior high schools in the essay contest 
on "What East Boston Branch Library Means 
to the Community." A pageant, "An East 
Boston Ifiniature, " introduced typical 
folk songs and dances of the many nation- 
alities of the district, sung by the 
girls from Trinity Neighborhood House and 
danced by girls from Central Square 
Center Settlement House. Lantern slides 
of Old East Boston were shovm by ¥r» 
George Duncan, a former resident. 

The ceremony of cutting the large 
birthday cake in the Children's Room 
after the program vra.s the highlight of 
the evening. Mrs. Ada A. Andelman, su- 
pervisor in the Circulation Division, 
cut the first slice in honor of Miss 
Lillian A. Bickford, assistant in the 
Library for fifty-one years. The second 
slice was cut by Hiss Theodora B. Scoff, 
former Branch Librarian, in honor of 
!v!rs. Lavira Cross Fletcher, the oldest 
living Branch Librarian of East Boston. 
P\moh and home-made cookies vrere served 
by the staff, library aides from the 
Barnes School, and hostesses from the 
community. I,&*. Francis B. testerson. 
Library Trustee, vra.s an honored guest. 

Ladies from the East Boston VJoman's 
Club, the Daughters of the American Rev- 
olution, and the Hone Club were guests 
at a coffee party held in the Adult Room 
Tuesday morning, December 3. Mss Edith 
Guerrier, Supervisor of Branch Libraries 

Emeritus, presided at the coffee urn, 
which was loaned by the local chapter of 
the D.A.R. "Old Days and Old Ways in 
East Boston," childhood memories of Miss 
Helen Stevenson, and several delightful 
poems by Miss Frankio Sullivan comprised 
the program. 


Wr, John 'Y. J. Tully, in charge of 
fire cojritrol, asked us to print a few 
wf.rning notes : 

Every day there are 1800 fires — 1000 
home fires — 28 deaths by fire — 130 store 
fires--100 factory fires — 7 church fires 
— 7 school fires — and 3 hospital fires. 
Every year fire kills 10,000 people, 
more than half of them women and children. 

Early this year, in Elizabeth, N. J., 
a housemfe had a fine idea for saving 
moni^y. She stuffed her husband's suits 
into her nevir electric washer, filled it 
ivitn gasoline, and turned the smtch. 
The house im.s literally blovm off the 

If we are really serious about cutting 
dovm America's fire losses, the best 
place to start it is in our own homes 
and places of business. Almost over- 
night we could save millions of dollars' 
worth of property and hundreds of Ijves 
--morpjly by follovdng a few simple rules 
of common sense and good housekeeping. 
For instance, one pint of gasoline can 
fill Et house vath 200 cubic feet of ex- 
plosive air— and the spark from a cat's 
fur is enough to set it off. 


The Pa-cent Room has been having more 
than its share of strange inquiries 
lately. About a month ago a lady came 
to the desk and asked, "V/here is my hus- 
band?" The reference assistant sirnmoned 
up his courage and admitted that he 
didn't loiow. "He should be here," the 
little lady continued. "He's looking 
for rat traps." 

Just then the missing husband came 
through the door, and the staff v/ondered 
how she could lose a man that size. He 
was looking for rat traps — in patent 
form . A search through the patent indi- 
ces disclosed quite a £e\v, and the couple 
left happily an hour later. (The lady 
left on the desk a pamphlet on how to 
tell fortunes vath plajang cards; this 
is still in the Patent Room and availa- 
ble for consultation.) 

Tv;o weeks later the husband was back. 
"You're the fellow I want," he remarked, 
dragging the assistant aws.y from the 
typev.riter. From under his coat he 
proudly brought forth his nev/ly- invented 
rat trap, vath a Woolworth rat in it. 
Grandly he folded the coat again about 
himself and Vr , Rodent and — ->vc suppose — 
went home, to wait for that path to be 
beaten to his door. 

Another couple have been using the 
telephone directories to build up a 
business v^hich they developed themselves. 

It seems the man's brother is a small- undertaker and had been having dif- 
ficulty in getting the proper type of 
necktie for his profession. In despera- 
tion he asked our client to try the 
stores in Boston. He located some ties, 
and also a means of making money. It 
occurred to him that other morticians 
might be having similar troubles. So he 
and his vlfe rounded up all the suitable 
neckwear they could find, packaged them, 
and nailed them to undertakers through- 
out the coimtry— ^)1, 50 or the cravat 
back in ten days. Their profits in the 
first month would surprise you. 

Has anyone failed to respond in ten 
days? This is still the age of chivalr;y\ 
The super-salesman's name never appears 
on the correspondence at all. And what 
good American would cheat li mdow? 

Other departments have their funny 
moments too. 7/hy not write them up for 
the Question Mark ? For instance, the 
Rare Book Department still remembers 
^-^ pleasure the reader v^ho vms doing 
intensive research on the type of call- 
ing card used by the Indians of North 
America I 


Nev/ Staff Members 

I.fery F. ?1aguire. Information Office. 

I'fery F. Nagle, Records, Files, and 
Statistics Office. 


Gertrude A. Day, Faneuil Branch. 

Hary A. Donovan, '"Test End Branch. Miss 
Donovan ims married to Francis X. Scannell, 
now of the Detroit Public Library, on De- 
cember 28. 

Dorothea Harty, 'Washington Village 

Mrs. Margaret S. Niland, Book Selection 
Department, Reference Division, Mrs. 
ililand has been on leave of absence. 

Shirley Mnslow, East Boston Branch. 


To llhr. and Mrs, Edward Heittman, a son, 
Edward Ronald, on January 11. 

To Mr. and lArs. Jolin Niland, a son, 
John, on November 30. 

Mrs. Dietrichson vdshes vss to print the 
follomng letter; 

"May I take this means of expressing my 
most sincere thanks to the many fellow 
members of the B. P. L. Staff who sent 
me kinrlly cards and notes during my month 
at the hospital and since. No one who 
had not gone through such am experience 
could IcnoYT- what a heart-vrarming these 
messages of good ivill bring. Thank you." 

Mary Vfetkins Dietrichson 

The "tVilson Library Bulletin for October 
1946 carried several articles by BPL writ- 
ers: "A Mary Poppins Week," by Eva J. 
Anttonen, nov; on leave of absence from 
East Boston Branch as Children's Librarian, 
Biblioteca Benjamin Franlclin, Mexico City; 
"The Quiz Invades the Library," by Virginia 
Haviland, Children's Librarian, Phillips 
Brooks Branch; "International Book House," 
by Mildred Kaufman, Children's Librarian, 
Mount Bovrdoin Branch; and "Pinocchio, Art, 
and a Pushcart," by Dorothy F. Nourse, 



Boston 17, Massachusetts 

9 January 1947 

I,!r Bradford !!. Hill 

President, Boston Public Library Professional 

Staff Association 
Boston, Klassachusetts 

Dear It Hill: 

The Boston Public Library Professional Staff 
Association printed in the Novenber 1946 issue of its bul- 
letin The Question Mark the text of the brief submitted 
to the Trustees of ths Library by the Boston Public Library 
Employees Local Union 7r731 in connection with the presenta- 
tion made by their representatives on the occasion of their 
meeting with the Trustees on October 21, 1946. 

Comments upon the presentation of Local Union -4731 
were submitted by me as Director of the Library to the 
Trustees on November 15, 1946. In the belief that these 
Comments touch upon points -vhich hold interest for all 
members of the professional staff of the Library, there 
is submitted here-wdth a copy of them. It vdll be greatly 
appreciated if these Comrr'.ents may be published in the 
January 1947 issue of The Question Hark , either in "The 
Soap Box" column or as an addendum to the issue. 

Yours sincerely, 

(signed) MILTON E. LORD 

- 2A 

Comments on the Presentation to the Trustees of the Library By- 
Representatives o f the Bost on Public Library E m ployees Loc a l "tJnion 
73"i (a FSCME) on October 21 ~1 9r;6, As Set Forth~'"in their Brief 
Submitted in Connection with their Presentation. 


The representatives of the Employees Union 751 concluded their 
presentation with four requests: 

(1) a thoroughgoing classification of all positions; 

(2) open competition in all promotions; 

(3) raise maxima of all grades over and above flat increases 

to all city employees ; 
(U) distribution of all available money equitably. 

The following comments are offered concerning these four points. 

A Thoroughgoing Classification of All Positions. 

In order to have a baclrground against wi-iich to understand how a 
classification of positions differs from the classification of personnel 
which exists in the Boston Public Library, there has been made a tabular 
presentation of several types of classification of positions. For this the 
following were chosen: 

(1) the "Telford" scheme for libraries, prepared in 1925 by the 
Bureau of Public Personnel Administration under the direction 
of Mr. Fred Telford; 

(2) the A.L.A. Classification and Pay Plan for Municipal Public 
Libraries , brought out by the American Library Association 
in 1959; 

(3) the M.L.A . Classification Standard for Massachusetts Public 
Libraries a nd P ositions Therein, brought out by the Massa- 
chusetts Library Association in 1959; 

(U-) the Newar k Public Library Position Classification and Pay 

PlanT T?!!^), this library beinp, one of the most recently re- 
classified large public libraries in the United States. 

Against that tabulation there has been placed the classification of personnel 
which exists in the Boston Public Library. A copy of the comparative tabulation 
is appended, (Note: this tabulation vnxs distributed at December staff meetings,) 

From the evidence thus presented it would seem that the conclusion 
can clearly be drawn that the Classification of Personnel in the Boston Public 
Library is comparable with the four classifications mentioned above. Variations 
such as exist stem in the main from the following factors: 

(1) difference in actual organization arising out of the fact that 
the Boston Public Library is a very large library; 

(2) differences arising out of the existence of unusual special 
collections in the Boston Public Library; 

(5) differences in choice of class titles; 
(U) differences in the level at which actual departmental 
designations are dropped from class titles. 

- 3A - 

Actually -the Boston Public Library has a classification of positions in that 
individuals are classified by position vfhen and as they meet the personnel 
classification requirements. 

The approach of the Boston Public Library to the process of classifica- 
tion is based on a belief tliat the Library will be only as good as is its 
staff and that the individuals who do the work should have prioritjr of considera- 
tion as opposed to the work to be done. In its classification of personnel 
the Boston Public Library' does not classify individuals simply as persons with- 
out reference to other considerations. It classifies and places them in terms 
of their meeting the requirements wiiich have been set for specific positions, 
and for the specific work to be performed. Examples of such positions are: 
Unclassified Assistant (with 10 specific levels or steps); Probationary Assist- 
ant (vj-ith 5 specific steps); Assistant (with 3 specific s tep's ) ; and Second 
Assistant , Reference Assistant , Children's Assistant , Cataloger , Children's 
Librarian , First Assistant , etc. (each of these latter vri. th 1 step only). Is 
this any different from the classification of Telford, A.L.A., M.L.A., or 
Newark, except in nomenclature? Certainly the appended tabulation does not 
show that Telford, A.L.A., 'I.L.A., or llevra.rk are in agreement among themselves 
in the matter of nomenclatvire . 

There appears to be little evidence to support the proposition that 
individuals in the service of the Boston Public Library would find themselves 
at any higher levels if they vrere classified in accordance with Telford, A.L.A., 
M.L.A., or Nevjark procedure than those at which they now find themselves under 
Boston Public Library procedure. In fact rasjiy would find themselves at lovrer 
levels, because of failure to meet the minimum requirements set forth in the 
job descriptions accompanying these other classifications. 

The conclusion follov;s, then, that the Boston Public Library has already 
a classification wliich, for all practical purposes, is essentially a classi- 
fication of positions. In case there remains doubt of this, the Library's 
statement on classification can be reva'itten in such manner as to bring this 
out position by position. 

In this respect there is perhaps a further observation to be made. 
In a large organization it can and does happen that individuals may find 
themselves over a period of time v/ith work assignments from their superiors 
vrhich seem to them to run counter to the type of assignment which they ought 
to have in terms of their ovm individual accomplishments or standing. That 
this can happen means generally either (l) that the vfork assignments of a 
department need to be revised in terms of the available personnel or (2) 
that the institution is not making full use of the capabilities of its personnel, 
With such a possibility in mind the Trustees have authorized the Director to 
carrj'' through at once a survey by which (l) each department head and branch 
librarian is to set down in black and white the vrork assignments for his unit 
and (2) each individual worker in each unit is to set down in black and white 
a statement of the duties iwhich he performs. This survey should reveal vAat 
changes, if any, need to be made in those respects. 

Open Competition in All Promotions 

The Director, in recommending individuals for promotion, and the 
Trustees, in acting upon the recommendations of the Director, aim in each 

- 4A - 

instance to take the action which will bring the best possible results to 
the Library and the public which it serves. 

Since there appears to be a question concerning the above procedure, 
the Library will hencefort!i undertake to do the follovj-ing: 

(1) make advance announcement of promotional appointments to 
be made , 

(a) stating minimum qualifications, 

(b) indicating the relative weights to be accorded to 
education, training, and experience, 

(c) indicating the basis upon which individual candidates 
iTill be rated for personality. 

(2) invite formal applications from candidates v/ho meet the 
minimum qualifications, although all such individuals will 
automatically receive consideration in the future just as in 
the past. 

The evaluation of the individual candidates \Till then be made insofar as 
possible in accordance v;ith the principles of the "unassembled examination" 

There v/ill be no public annoxoncement of the relative standing of the 
several candidates, but any individual candidate may be informed upon request 
as to both his personal and his relative standing. 

Any individual candidate will be given an opportunity'- to inspect his 
examination papers after they have been graded, and v/ill be informed also, 
if he so desires, as to the results of the grading of his papers question by 

As stated above, the Trustees and the Director aim in each instance 
to take the action vfhich vj^ill bring the best possible resiilts to the Library 
and the public which it serves. 

Raise !"axima f All Grades Over and Above 
Flat Rate Increases Given to All City Employees 

As was announced to the members of the library staff by the Director 
at the series of staff meetings held early in October, the Trustees had had 
under consideration for some months before then a revision of the Library's 
salary schedules. In fact, their budget estiiiiatec for the Personal Service 
Accoiint for 1947 were drav/ri up on the basis of such revised schedules. Those 
new schedules have subsequently been publicly presented in detail to the 
members of the library staff, wiih the announcement that they can be put into 
effect only as rapidljr as and insofar as appropriated funds permit. 

It should be reiterated here that the ability of the Trustees of the 
Library to iT^ake salary adjustments is absolutely and finally dependent upon 
the appropriations vjhich it may be possible to make available to them for the 
purpose . 

- 5A - 

Distribution of A ll Avrdlable Money Equitably 

It wns never intended, nor has it ever been so stated, that putting 
the rates of the 1957 salary schedule fully into effect would be the sole 
basis on which money would be distributed. That was conceived only as a 
first step, a minimum action for the purpose of providing a base upon which 
wide and extended action could thereafter be taken. That this latter was to 
receive the chief emphasis is best indicated by stating that its cost has 
been estimated to be in the sum of ''''52l.[,000, as compared with a cost of only 
$23,000 for that first step. 

Obviously, if funds c-innot be made available to carry out this whole 
task at once, action vri.ll have to be limited proportionately to the funds 
actually, available. Every will be made to have the resulting dis- 
tribution of funds made as equitably as possible, 


In indicating that the Library's present system of classification of 
personnel v/as instituted almost 10 years ago, the representatives of the 
Employees Union -•;i^731 have made the following statements: 

''Vfe do not doubt that it vras started with the best of 
intentions and in good faith. There is also no doubt 
that the present system is basically illogical, unsound, 
and exactly opposite to the teachings of all personnel 
experts. To us it seems quite obvious that eventually 
this system will have to be discarded". 

For what will it have to he discarded? A classification of positions? 
Such as that of Telford, A.L.A,, F.L.A.,, or Fewark? The evidence shows clearly 
that none of these produces a net result v;hich is substantially different from 
that produced by the present Boston Public Library procedure, v/hich for all 
practical purposes is actually as much a classification of positions as a 
classification of personnel. If, then, this present Boston Public Library 
system is basically illorical, unsound, and exactly opposite to the teachings 
of all personnel experts, cannot the sam.e be said no less of the Telford, 
the A.L.A,, the M.L.A., and the Nevrark system.s also? 

The representatives of the Union then go on to ask the question as to 
"V/hat is the present system?" and in reply quote only a port of a single sen- 
tence, as underlined below. To give an adequate presentation of the Boston 
Public Library system, two entire paragraphs from the official notice of June 1, 
1937 should be quoted in full, as follo^vs: 

"The proposal is based on tvro fundamental assumptions. 
The first of these is that individuals are not naturally 
equal in their respectiv-. capacities and accomplishm.ents , 
that som.e can and v.n.11 progress faster and farther than others, 
that there must therefore be provided a ladder with easily recog- 
nizable steps up which individuals may climb, thus achieving 

- 6A. - 

a classifying and grading of themselves largely through their 
own efforts. In other ivords, the p roposa l is based on a_ 
belief that in general the personal qualificat ions of an indi- 
v idual arf^ likel y to affo rd a better bas is for financial 
reco rnition t han does t he relat ive st andin g of a particu lar 
positi o n in v;?'-i c h the ^ indivi dual happens to find himse lf 
and to v^iich a r)articul?r rate of pay happens to be attached 
at the moment. 

"The second fundamental assumption is that, beyond the 
possession of the common background that all librarians 
ought to have of the ordinary tools and techniques of their 
trade, they our:ht also to be possessed of specific excellence 
in some particular direction or directions. The discovery 
of such competence or excellence in the members of the staff 
is of the highest importance in the further developm.ent of 
a staff adequate to the needs and standing of the Boston 
Pviblic Library". 

'Vhat is there in this statement vrhich is "basically illogical'' or "unsound"? 
Is its net effect "exactlv opposite to the teaching of all personnel experts"? 


The representatives of the Union have questioned the Statement of the 
Trustees of I'^arch 1, 19U6 concerning civil service, as follows: 

''The Boston Public Library already has all of the advantages 
that civil service could offer: 

a. Freedom from politics 

b. Freedom from favoritism 

c. Security of tenure for employees 

d. Objective examJ. nations 

e. A classification of porsonnel 

f. OcDortunity for nrom.otion on a wide basis." 

They say that 

"Despite use of word 'all', the fact is that there are at least 
five advantages of civil service not in present system, (right to 
see exams, right of appeal, specific credit for training and 
experience, saving of money, recruiting, minimum requirements, 
open announcements,) while sore of the advantages listed are 
at least debatable". 

- 7A - 

The best procedure to follor.' here is to expjnine one at a tirr.e these advantages 
claimed for civil service: 

r ight t o see e xans — this has been possible to the extent of 
discussion in Boston Public Library practice; henceforth 
it ■'."dll be possible I'.lthout restriction of any sort; 

right of ap peal — there has alv/ays been full right of appeal in 
the Library, and there still is, to deiDartraent head or branch 
librarian, to supervisor, to division head, and up to the 
Director, an"", finally to the Trustees; 

s peci fic credit for trr-ining and experience — credit has always 
been given by the Librr.ry to training and experience; henceforth 
there virill be specific indication of the relative weights 
accorded to education, training, and experience; 

savin g of money — under civil service there would be needed a 
Persormel Office in the Library more than ever; civil service, 
v/ith its inexperience in library affairs, could not operate 
as efficiently and as inexpensively as could the Library with 
its long experience; vihere would the saving of money thus occur? 

recruiti ng — could civil service, at one step removed from the 
Library, do as good a ,iob at recruiting at second hand as can 
the Library at first hand? 

minimum requirements — the Library has long had' the practice of 
stating m.inimujn requirements for all positions up through the 
5th step level; it vri. 11 do so henceforth for all other positions 
as v/ell; 

open announcements ~- the Library '.vill m.ake open announcem.ents of 
all promotional appointments to be made henceforth. 

As to the advantages that civil service could offer which the Trustees stated 
that the Boston Public Library already has, the representatives of the Union have 
chosen to discuss only one, namely, that the Boston Public Library has "a class- 
ification of personnel"; and in connection v;ith this they have noted that the 
Trustees made "no mention of a classification by positions . "And they go on to 
quote "only one of many authorities on personnel administration", as follows: 

"The most important point in connection vrith classification, 
one which cannot he emphasized too strongly, is that positions 
? not persons ere to be classified I , ', The' classification must 
be entirely in terms of the job itself," 

Here there is confusion of thc^jht arising out of a loose use of wards. It has 
already been shovm by the tabular presentation of Telford, A.L.A., M.L.A,, 
Newark, and Boston Public Library procedures that the discussion of classifica- 
tion of position as against classification of personnel is little more than an 
exercise in vrords. Is not the problem raised really one of job descriptions 
and vrork assignments, and not the resolution of the issue of classification of 
positions versus classification of personnel? To explore this problem, as al- 
ready indicated above on p, 2, the Library is now engaged in carrying out a sur- 
vey of the actual situation existinr currently in the matter of job descriptions 
and work assignments. 

- 8A - 


The representatives of the Union have also challenged the statement that 

"B.P.L, has been in the vanguard among libraries in admitting 
frankly that much of what in libraries is usually designated as 
'professional* activity is not professional at all, but actually 
technical; that most library workers are technicians, and only 
relatively few are truly professionals." 

l/'/lien the Boston Public Library frankly set up a "Technical Library Service" and 
a "Professional Library Service" back in 1937, it was indeed in the vanguard. 
There v/ere then no other voices to support such action. Since then voices 
have been arising, as evidenced by the follovdng items vi/iiich have appeared in 
professional publications recently treating of this matter: 

Hoole, W. Stanley 

Of the Librarian's IMucation 

American Scholar 15:110-21 [Jan.] 1944 

liYilliams , 2dwin E. 

VJho Does V.rhat: Unprofessional Personnel Policies 

College and Research Libraries 6:303-309 Sept. 1945 

Dan ton, J. Periam 

Education for Libraria.nship: Criticisms, Dilemmas, and Proposals 
Columbia University School of Library Service, 1946 pp. 20-22 

Osborn, Andrevr D. 

Review of J. Periam Danton's "Education for Librarianship" 
College and Research Libraries 7:359-60 Oct. 1946 

nTieeler, Joseph L. 

Progress and Problems in Education for Librarianship 
Carnegie Corporation of New York, 1946 
pp. 64, 87-38 

The Union has objected to Boston Public Library practice in this respect on the 

ground tl-iat it is "a breakdovm of professional standards". But surely none of 

the above-mentioned library experts can be accused of being interested in break- 
ing dovm professional standards. 

Nevertheless, vrhile not vathdra-wing support in any degree from the belief 
that much of vihat in libraries is usually designated as "prefessional" activity 
is not professional at all, but actually technical, and that m.ost library workers 
are technici8.ns, and only relatively few are truly professionals, the Library 
viill designate hencefortii its Sraded Service as the Professional -Library Service, 
and vj-ill recognize therein three sections, namely, the Technical Library' Service, 
the Specialist Service, and the Administrative Service. 

In this connection the Union has pointed out vrhat it implies was an incon- 
sistency in the Statement of the Trustees of llarch 1, 1946 concerning civil serv- 
ice, w?ien it was stated that "the v;ork of the bibliothecal staff in a great public 
library is that of a learned profession, lil:e that of teachers, doctors, or 
lav;yers." Unfortunately that is only a half quotation. Ihe full quotation, 
v^hich states the problem adequately and completely, is as follows: 

"The vrork of the bibliothecal staff in a great public library 
is that of a learned profession, like that of teachers, doctors, 
or lawyers. The qualities vfhich it needs do not lend themselves 

ment i 

- 9A - 

to the sane civil service processes which are applicable to ac- 
tivities based primarily upon mechanical or clerical competence, 


The representatives of the Union have made also the following state- 

"Libraries are regarded as educational institutions. 
This m.akes especially inexplicable the fact that, 
despite the repeated requests of the organized em- 
ployees, the Administration has persistently refused 
to give specific credit for college training, years 
of service beyond five, or until recently even for 
library school training. Reason given was that too 
much' office work vrould be required." 

It vra.s indeed stated that the process of certifying individuals into ad- 
vanced standing in the Boston Public Library service requires a large amount 
of office work and correspondence with outside educational institutions. But, 
as has frequently been officially stated in the Library, the real limitation 
upon action in this respect has arisen for quite another reason. That has 
been the decision to avoid the possibility of discrimination in the matter of 
remuneration against those individuals already in the library service who have 
not had the good fortune to go them.selves to college or library school. 
Certification for work in a library school or a college has therefore pur- 
posely been approached only in a series of steps. 

The first step — certification for library school work in Ge neral 
Book Selection, Catal o ging and Clas sif ication , and General Reference "/fork -- 
first becam.e possible only after I9III. By that ti'-ie all individuals who vrere in 
the library service prior to the institution of the new classification of per- 
sonnel in 1938 had themselves already reached a remuneration equal to or 
greater than that which would be given to library school graduates by certi- 
fication ('''23.00 per week). 

The second step — certification for the first promotional step in 
The Pi-iblic Library as an I ns titution — became possible in turn only in 19i4i-)-« 
By that date all individuals in the library service prior to 1938 had alTcady 
reached or surpassed the salary level at which library school graduates would 
be certified for this first promotional level ($29,00 per week;. 

And the third ster — certification for the second and third promotion- 
al steps on the basis of major fields of study in a college or university -- 
mil become possible for the first time only in 19i47« By then all individuals 
in the library service prior to 1938 will have already reached or surpassed the 
salary level at which such college graduates will be certified for these second 
and third promotional levels (*37.00 per week). 

Thus by extending the application of the principle of certification 
step by step the possibility of discrimination in remuneration has been avoided 
in the case of all of the individuals already in the library service prior to 
1938 who had not had themselves the good fortune to go to college or library 

- lOA - 


In speaking of "open competition in all promotions", the 
representatives of the Union request that there he "no discrimination in 
regard to sex", and add that "tvro-thirds of best positions are for all 
practical purposes now closed to men." 

As of Octoher 1, 1914-6 the count of men and women in the biblio- 
thecal service of the Library vras as follov/^s: 

Men 68 {l7%) 

Vfomen _^ (83%) 

I4.O5 (100%) 

Obviously the "best positions" in the Library are those at the level 
of department head and branch librarian or higher. The distribution of 
those among men and women as of October 1, 19U6 v/as as follows: 

Men 15 (19/?) 

'-fomen ^ (81;?) 

68 (100^) 

For this group at least the men do not appear to have been discriminated 
against because of their sex. If anything, they seem to have been accorded 
a slight preference. 

For the next two levels below the officer group just mfentioned the 
men are indeed in a disproportionate minority. To positions at these two 
levels individuals can be appointed only (l) after they have become 
eligible through passing certain required promotional examinations and 
(2) v;hen and as there are vacancies to be filled. If the men do not 
present themselves for and pass the reauired promotional examinations, they 
are obviously not eligible for those appointments when and as such are 
made. That is v.liat has happened. Proportionate to their number the men 
have not qualified for promotion to these two levels as well as have the 

Actually there is no discrimination in regard to sex in the making 
of promotional aopointments in the Library, The Director and the Trustees 
are activated solely by the desire to appoint in each instance the best 
qualified person from among those whose names are on the eligible list. 

- IIA - 


Finally, the representatives of the Union state that the "most striking" 
manifestation of the "widespread dissatisfaction among the Library employees 
with present system" is "the steady stream of resignations of highly trained 
employees." And again: 

"The answer to this treatment of professionals has been 
a steady stream of resignations from the staff by 
experienced, highly trained employees. And it is not a 
prophecy but a mere statement of fact that, unless the 
Administration acts cons bruotively and rapidly in this 
matter, the and is not in sight." 

An examination of each resignation in the course of 1945 and in 1946 up 
to November Ist shows the following reasons for these resignations from 
the library service: 


Marr iage 27. 

To take positions in other libraries.. 9, 

To take other positions (not in libraries) 24, 

To attend school 5. 

Illness 3. 

Did not meet library requirements 2 . 

To enter military service 1. 

For personal reasons 3 . 

Total 74 . 




Obviously the bulk of these resignations did not occur primarily because 
of dissatisfaction vri. th the present system in the Library. For example, 
in taking positions in other libraries or outside of the library field, the 
individuals left invariably to go to higher salaries than those paid by 
the Boston Public Librarj'-. This has been happening in all libraries 
throughout the country, although as a matter of record it should be 
pointed out that the Boston Public Library has apparently not suffered 
as heavily in this respect as many otlier libraries. 

As recently as October 24, 194^ the three New York library systems 
were reported as having existing vacancies in 315 out of their 1715 
positions, because of attractive offers from other institutions and industry 
requiring librarian services. 

As of r.'!ay 16, 1946 the Brooklyn Public Librarj' was reported as 
having one-third of all of its positions vacant because of low salaries. 
Only fifteen of its thirtj'-five branch libraries were operating full-time 
because of personnel shortages, and the feventy other branches were 
indicated as open only t",'/© or throe days a vroc-k. Ihe Boston branch 
libraries are still open daily six days a week, 



November 15, 1946 


Published by the Boston Public Library Professional Staff Association 
II February 1947 Mo. 



In Tier; of the Director's recent no- 
tice concerning appropriate attire for 
the masculine members of the staff, it 
seems not inappropriate to remark that 
possibly there is room for improvement 
in the costume of some of the feminine 
continrent. Our stone floors do maVe 
loafers very practical, but do v;e have 
to v/ear them broken dovm at the heels, 
dirty and scuffed like old bedroom 
slippers? Y!e vrould hate to see the fem- 
inine members of the staff decked out 
like a movie director's dream of a 
frustrated librarian. Hovrever, som.e of 
the vdlted dirndls topped by lov/-necked 
peasant blouses look more like something 
out of a mob scene from "A Tale of Txvo 
Cities" than "Mademoiselle" or "Vogue's" 
idea of what the well-dressed business 
girl should v;ear. Nor is chevdng r^vn at 
a desk advocated by "Glamour." 

The crowded conditions in Bates Hall 
of recent months make us feel that 
Joshua Bates would be very pleased v.dth 
the results of his thoughtfulness of 
Boston's needs could he look in on us 
today. '"Tien he was head of the banking 
house of Baring he did not forget his 
native land but donated fifty thousand 
dollars for the pttrchase of books plus a 
second donation of nearly 27,000 boo]:s. 
He fully appreciated the advantages for 
a young man in having a place in vrhich 
to study, saying of his ovm youth: 
"Having no money to spend and no place 
to go to, and not being able to pay for 
a fire or light in my ovm. room, I could 
not pay for books, and the best vray 1 
could pass my evenings vi&.s to sit in a 
book store and read, as I was kindly 
permitted to do." 


Members in the following committees 
have been chosen; 


Eamon McDonough, Cataloging and 
Classification Department, Reference 
Division, Chairman. 

Dorothy Becker, ITorth End Branch. 

lifer jorie Gibbons, Washington Village 


Louis Rains, General Reference 
Department, Chairman. 

Frank Bruno, Patent Room. 

Nura Globus, 'Test End Branch. 

James McGillicuddy, Book Stack Service. 

Evelyn Harden, Allston Branch. 

Mary Waters, Cataloging and Classifi- 
cation, Reference Division. 


Dorothy Nourse, East Boston Branch, 

Anne Connors, South Boston Branch. 

Samuel Green, Business Office. 

Christine Hayes, Book Selection, Ref- 
erence Division. 

Irene Tuttle, Jamaica Plain Branch. 



Geraldine Altnan, Dorchester Branch, 

Harry Andrev;s, Branch Issue Departnent. 

Florence Connolly, Fine Arts Depart- 

Charles Higp-ins, General Reference De- 
partment . 

Janet Langendoen, Jamaica Plain Branch. 

Leonard Hacnillan, Book Purchasing De- 


Sarah ■"". Flannery, History Department, 
(other members to be announced later).. 


Nev: Staff Members 

Orville L. 'Talker, General Reference 
Department . 

Virginia Leahy, Boole Stacl: Service. 

Hyron L. Ililler, Book Stack Service. 

Carol S. Rubin, Fine Ai'ts Department. 

Robert D. Hevey, Business Branch. 

Florence K. Goodman, Codman Square 

Helen TT. Ja, Director's Office, 

IJathan R, Fearer, Book Stack Service. 

Norton A. Goldstein, Book Stack Serv- 

Sonia Greenberg, Business Branch. 

Sylvia Vagenheim, Cataloging and Clas-- 
sillcation Department, Reference Divi- 

Nancy E. Butler, Book Stack Service. 

Iferie J. Pineo, Ilattapan Branch, (!!iss 
Pineo had been employed as an Extra 
Assistant at T.feittapan). 

John J, Hallahan, Book Stack Service, 
(I'lr. Hallahan was employed in Book Stack 
Service before entering the U. S. Navy in 

Phyllis A. Erikson, Ifettapan Branch, 
(I'iss Erikson v;as formerly employed at 
Allston Branch). 

Doris Lantz Montgomery, Uphams Corner 
Branch, (l.!rs. Montgomery v/orked at Uphams 
Corner from 1939 tlirough 1945). 

Edith L. Sliney, Office of Records, 
Files and Statistics. 


Mary-Louise A, Daly, Roslindale Branch, 
to ■'Test End Branch. 

Dorothy J. Flood, ■'Test End Branch, to 
Roslindale Branch. 

Ethel Kimball, Mattapan Branch, to 
Allston Branch. 

Mary G. Langton, Brighton Branch, to 
"Test End Branch. 

Charlotte R, Cooper, Uphams Corner, to 
Memorial Branch. 

Ruth Fishburne, Memorial Branch, to ITt. 
Boivdoin Branch. 

M. Kathleen Moran, Uphams Corner Branch, 
to Memorial Branch. 

Eamon E. McDonough, Book Stack Service, 
to Cataloging and Classification Depart- 
ment, Reference Division. 

Anne C. Magner, Allston Branch, to 
Brighton Branch. 

Catherine C. Kelly, Neponset Branch, to 
Codman Square Branch. 





Ruth S. Cannell, Assistant to the Chief I Iliss Gertrude L. Connell, Librarian, 
Librarian of the Circulation Division, Faneuil Branch, suddenly on February 21, 
to the Director's Office for the period 1947, 
of liiss Brockiinier 's absence because of 

Marri ages 

Elva Rogers, on military leave from 
Codman Squart Branch, was narried last 
sujraner to Lloyd Pearson. Ilrs. Pearson 
is nov/ in Columbia, South Carolina, and 
expects to enter the University of South 
Carolina in the spring. 

llargaret J. Carr, Director's Office, 
\ms married to Joseph M. Lynch on Satur- 
day, February 15, 1947. 

Veterans retxjrned 

Martin F. iTaters, Book Stack Service, 
lent to History Department. 

Ret urned from leave of absence 

Geraldine T. Beck, to '.'rest Roxbury 
Branch, on February 17. Mrs. Beck v/as 
on maternity leave. 


Klementyna James, Memorial Branch. 

Hilda K, Stolov, General Reference 
Department. Mrs. Stolov has returned to 
KcTv York. 


Bertha S. Smith, Business Branch, IiLss 
Smj-th is resujTiing her studies at North- 
eastern University. 

Kenneth H. Melzard, Book Stack Service. 

Frederick J. Ross, Cataloging and Clas- 
sification Department, Reference Divi- 
sion. Mr. Ross has been on military 
leave and now h&s a new position. 

Evelyn F* Casvrell, Science and Tech- 
nology Department, is resigni'^g as of 
tiP.rch 7, in order to accept a position 
as Librarian, at the. ISassachusetts Insti- 
tute of Technology Guided Missiles 
Research Project. 



Bemelmans, Ludmg. Hotel Bemelmans. 

36 stories of Nev/ York hotel life. 
Brovm, Jolin Mason. Seeing things. 

Essays on plays, the theatre and other 

Dahl, Francis. Dahl's Boston. 
Dos Passos, Jolin. Tour of duty. 

Report of the v/ar fronts 1944-1945. 
Finletter, Gretchen. From the top of 

the stairs. Life in the Damrosch 

Graham, Elinor. J.feine charm string. 
Greenslet, Ferris, The Lowells and 

their seven worlds. 
Kravchenko, Victor, I chose freedom. 

Former Soviet official renounces com- 
munism for democracy. 
Iferquis, Don. The best of Don Tferquis, 
Pearson, Hesketh. Oscar '.Tilde, his life 

and vri.t. 
Perelman, S. J. Keep it crisp. 

Humorous essays. 
Poole, Ernest. The great "''.Tiite Hills 

of NevvT Hampshire, 
Robert, Grace. The Borzoi book of 

Roosevelt, Elliott, As he saw it. 
Russell, Diarmuid, ed. Portable Irish 

reader. A representative collection 

of most of the major Irish writers. 
Sedgi.", Ellery. The happy profession. 
Smith, H, Allen, Three Smiths in the 

vri.nd. Omnibus of this humorist's 

v.'orks . 
T'elles, Sumner, '■"here are we heading? 


Asch, Shalom. East River. 

Life among the immigrants on the East 
Side at the t\;irn of the century. 
De La Roche, Maze. Return to Jalna, 
Esquire. Esquire's second sports 


Forcster, Cecil S. Lord Hornblov/er- 

Godcen, Sumer. The river. 

Story of adolescent daughters of Anglo- 
Indian fainily in Bengal. 

Hegjen, Thonas. Tj". Roberts. 

Life on a cargo ship in the Pacific 
di-TriJig the recent v/ar. 

Kovre, Tel en. ",7e happy fev;. 

Satirises the intellectual snobbery of 
an exclusive group of Harvard profes- 
sors ana their v.dves. 

Janney, Russell. The iniracle of t>!e 
bells. Story of small Pennsylvania 
coal torm involving beautiful Polish- 
American girl vrho goes to PIoll^nTOod 
and is brought hone for burial. 

Jennings, Johji. The Salem frigate. 
The l^avy during the ?,'ar of 1S12, 

LaFarge, Olive.r. The sudden guest. 
Compelling psychological study of a 
selfish old spinster told against the 
background of the 1938 and 1S44 Hew 
Ijngland hurricanes, 

Ilarquand, John. B. F Is daughter. 

Moore, Ruth. Spoonhandle. Delightful 
story over family feud over v/hether to 
sell Spoonhandle, an islcnd off I'aine 
coant, to surmier residents, 

Osborne, Letitia. Through purple glass. 
Life in apartment house on Beacon St, 

T.alceman, Frederick. The hucksters. 
Satire of behind-the-scenes in radio. 

YJarren, Robert Penji. All the king's men. 
Hovel of southern dem.agogue resem.bling 
Huey Long= 

Yihite, Terence H. liistress IJasham's 
repose. Fantasy of modern little girl 
in English castle v;ho finds colony of 
Lilliputians on the estate, 

Ye?'ly, " , The Fores of Harro-.v, 
The saga of a beautiful Southern 
plantation home, the colorful repro- 
bote vrho built it, and his family dur- 
ing the Civil V'ar periodo 


The ExecLitive Board of the Association 
met on '."fednesday, February 12, at 
2:30 P.M. to complete the procedure of 
the poll taken to determine the opinion 
of the members on House 1623 and Senate 
<.05, and to decide rAat action should 
' -^ taken on this proposed legislation. 

I 303 ballots vrere sent to the members 

of the Association, 151 were returned in 
I time to be considered, 8 vrere received 
I after the meeting and had to be invali- 

The returns v;ere checked against the 
membership list by the secretary as they 
j vrere received. All names vrere removed 
I from the ballots and then the coujit I'ra.s 
j taken and the comjnents recorded, 

! The results vrere; 

House 1623 


. 124- 


. 19 

No opinion,... 


The comments on this bill shovred it 
is considered to be a necessary step 
tovrard higher standards. Some brought 
out the question of equivalences for 
those already in professional v.-ork, and 
also the future value of the M. L. A, 

Senate 405 

Ye s , 


No opinion. 





Most of the comments on this bill 
vrere in disfavor as tlie voters consider 
the bill not clearly defined. State Aid 
is approved by many as is the increase 
in salaries, but some feel the increases 
should be made on a percentage basis. 

Since the majority of votes cast vrere 
in favor, i- v/as decided that the Asso- 
ciation shcaj.d f-tand in support of these 
bills, and 'S requested by the Secretary 
of the Legislaowe Committee of the 
!.fe.sEachuse"Ccp Library Association, the 
President should attend, the Hearing on 
House 1623 before the Committee on State 
Administration on February 19 and ex- 
press approval. 

Letters also registering approval are 
being sent to the members of the latter 
committee. If this bill is reported on 
favorably, letters v/ill be sent to each 
Representative and Senator in the Boston 
District. It \.'9.s decided that legisla- 
tors beyond this district could be con- 
tacted personally. 


Action to be tahen on Senate 405 v;ill 
be determined when this bill is present- 
ed and the da.te of Hearinfr set. 

The follor.dng item ivs.s brov.rht to oiir 
attention hj Esther Lissner of the 
Catalo;;^inp; and Classification Departnent, 
Reference Division, It is taken fron 
''Six happy woe^cs among the Ajnericars" by 
liargaret E. Parker, President of the 
■'"omen's International Christian 
Temperance Union. (C-las^o-; 137G?) 

I.Irs. Parher describes her arrival in 
Boston and visit to 'Tendell Phillips a.nd 
continues: "''"e went to the larj^e public 
library, an imposing buildin;^, ivhich 
took some tine to go through. A city 
T.lth such a library ou^ht to be cele- 
brated for its learning. I v/as amazed 
a.t its extent, and the air of eler;ance 
and refinement it presented. All the 
passages and staircases are carpeted, 
and I v.ias charmed to find that seventy 
young ladies attend to the various de- 
partm.ents- and !j-. Phillips told me that 
they earned handsome salaries--sone 
hundreds of dollars a-year. They are 
ai.i. provided rdth comfortable chairs, 
and I can imac.ine that, on the v/itole, 
•!:hey have a pleasant, easy life, giving 
out books and keeping a register of 
those lent. I saw m-any of them (when 
no-n employed) reading in easy ohairs. 
^. f lv; men are there — I suppose to lift 
v.ea-;/ books or those high shelves. The 
young ladi'es -vere v/ell dressed and supe- 
1 ioj. looking, and I should thin]:, of 
themselves, t>ey are an attraction to 
the llLrary-- -whatever may be said of the 
>-^fVs, Ml. Phillips asked if v:e em.plojred 
' Tung ladies in this manner in the old 
;oantry. I said I thought not, but it 
:-eened a very fitting kind of employ- 
iient for vromen," 

The East lloston Branch copy of Sigmund 
Spaeth's "At home v.dth music" vfas re- 
cently returned to the branch thj*ough 
the U, S. mails vrith the follov.lng re- 
turn address : 

A. Thief 

1742 Porter Street 

East Boston 28, Ifess, 


gmt efitlLT received hi 

The "Kitty" of the Association is in 
need' of replenishing before the next 
meeting. Any member or friend interest- 
ed in contributing and thereby insv\ring 
the serving of refreshments at this 
meeting may send a small (or large) sum 
to the Treasurer, Miss Robbins, in the 
Director's Office. 


rr bf^esnt/^r{a^f^. 

Vol. II 

Published by the Boston Pub 1 ic Library Professional Staff Associ ation 

March 1947 ' 

No, 3 


Nov;- that action on Senate Bill 405 has 
been deferred to the next session of the 
legislativre, many of us will have a 
tendency to relax and forget it, for the 
time being, or at least relegate it to a 
back corner of qxxc minds until it is 
time for it to be presented again. 

Instead of letting the matter slide, 
v.'hy not keep it in mind and mention it 
to our friends from time to time, so 
that v/hen it cones up again vre vvlll have 
people ■\:^o loiow what it is about and 
might be willing to send in a postcard 
to let their Senator loiov; they are for 
it. A little advertising pays big 
dividends! The bill interests us all 
and its passage vd.ll be of benefit to us 
all. So let's keep it on ovir minds and 
be ready to take advantage of every op- 
portunity, hovrever small, to f mother its 

Our spring social season offers many 
opportunities for f\m and good companior>- 
ship, we should judge from the notices 
of the various scheduled affairs. The 
Benefit Association Banquet vre all Icnov; 
will be a great good time and promises 
much enjoyment; no boosting needed— it 
speaks for itself. Pops, hoivever, v.^ 
must not forget. For an evening of in- 
formal, friendly gaiety, nothing, for a 
large group, can surpass the opportunity 
an evening at Pops offers. So let's all 
nark June 6 on our calendars as an even- 
ing to be saved for fvtn and jollity. 

Your editor begs your patience over 
the delay in issuing this Ilarch issue. 
Circumstances beyond our control delayed 
the February number somewhat, and now 
the delay has cumulated so that this 
nimber is really late. ''Te expect the 
April issue before the month is out, 
hovrever . 


Nev;- Staff Members 

i-'^'^Ivlrs. Bette B. Preer, School Issue 
Department . 

ISrs, Anne Moore Mandeville, working 
part-tine at Faneuil Branch where she 
iras a full-tine staff member in 1943. 

■'.Tilliam G, Faherty, Business Office. 
He formerly worked part-time in the 
Periodical and Ne\7spaper Department. 
•y Ben lijina. Business Branch. 
j/^ Jean Bruce, Roslindale Branch. 
'/ Mrs. Jeanne ''TitkoiYski, has been vrork- 
ing this past month at Roslindale Branch^ 
I!o\'; at Washington Village Branch. 

Trans fers 

Grace Chippendale, Memorial Branch, to 
Registration Department. 

Ifertin ITaters, recently retta-ned from 
service in the Army where he v/as working 
on the theory and history of maps, map- 
making and photograjiimetry. He has been 
assigned to the History Department, but 
formerly Tra.s in the Book Stack Service. 

Lferjorie Gibbons, Mattapan Branch, to 
T'ashington Village Branch vrhere she has 
been dui'ing Miss Buckley's absence. 

Re signa tions 

Pauline Riordan, Business Branch, to 
accept another position. 

Merrilie Mather, Dorchester Branch, to 

Lillian Perry, South End Branch. 

Harold "^, Stoke, President of New 
Hampshire University, visited the Boston 
Public Library recently to get informa- 
tion on our classification of personnel 
and salary schedule, and to get points 
on the organization of a catalog depart- 
ment . 


■'."'■e are soliciting good homes for fovir 
superior kittens, and one intellectual, 
Branch-Is sue-Department-trained Mother 

"Sparkle" is a beautiful gray tabbjr, 
mth golden eyes, double paws, dainty 
appetite, vrell-modulated contralto purr, 
and a sweet disposition. We sincerelj'' 
regret the necessity of this eviction, 
but we Icdovr that our loss \"ri.ll be your 

Avoid disappointment - speak up 

Applications accepted in Branch Issue 

LATEST BULL5TIN I Hones have been found 
for the kittens - only "Sparkle" atill 


P ops Party for B.P.L,P .S.A. June 6th 

P Ian to patronize Pops Party. 

bject, to provide pennies plentifully, 

P r event possible, pitiful, poverty, and 

S o pleasantly, patriotically, and phil- 


P lease participate properly. 

A 11 patrons persuaded powerfully. 

R enember popular philharmonic pleasure-, 

T reat pals plentifully to pink Pops 

Pttnch . 
Y ou pledge personal participation 

promptly please. 


Entertainment Committee 

Its, Geraldine S. Herrick, North End 
Branch, Chairman. 

~;ita H, Desaulniers, Business Bre.nch. 
fc'erie R. Kennedy, Lov/er Mills Branch. 

Ethel Kimball, Allston Branch. 

Ivfergaret A, Munsterberg, Rare Book 

Ollie J, Partridge, Open Shelf Depart- 


Ifr. Lord's calendar in recent weeks 
has included the follovdng: 

February 26-27, Conference of the heads 
of the large public libraries of the 
United States which have building 
programs under consideration, at 

I.ferch 3. Meeting of M.I.T. Corporationte 
Library Committee, at Cambridge and 

March 5-G. Meeting of the A.L.A. Inter- 
national Relations Board, at New York 

March 7. Meeting of the Trustees of the 
Boston Public Library. 

March 13. Meeting of the Board of Di- 
rectors 'of the American Book Center 
for "Tar Devastated Libraries, at 

I.tirch 14-15. Meeting of the Association 
of Research Libraries, at "''.''ashington. 

I.ferch 21. Meeting of the Trustees of 
the Boston Public Library. 

M^rch 24. Meeting of the Executive 
Board of the Massachusetts Library 
Association, at Boston, 

Mr, Lord goes to Oslo, Norxmy to 
attend the Ifey 20-22 meeting of the 
International Federation of Library 
Associations, of which he xms elected 
Vice President at the meeting of the 
International Library Committee held in 
Geneva last November. He will be the 
chairman of the A,L,A. delegation at the 
Oslo meetings. 

-3- ' 


At the meeting of the Executive Board 
of the B.P.L.P.S.A. held on April 1, 
Pauline ''.'talker of the IVest Roxbury Branch 
v;as naned to fill the vacancy on the 
Executive Board resulting from Evelyn 
Cas-'A'ell's recent resignation. 


A very happy climax to the seventy- 
fifth anniversary celebrations of the 
East Boston Branch Library took place at 
eight o'clock in its lecticre hall on 
Thursday, March 20th. The distinguished 
guests and friends vrere welcomed axid the 
nine gentlemen on the platform intro- 
duced by the Branch Librarian, Dorothy 
F. ITourse who acted as hostess. Albert 
■'.'Jest, Chairman of the Birthday Gift 
Committee, read letters and telegrams of 
congratulation from Senators Saltonstall 
and Lodge, Governor Bradford, Mayor 
Curley, Superintendent of Schools Gould, 
Arthur Fiedler and Dr. Serge Koussevitslcy. 
Ee then made presentation to this branch 
library/ of a moving picture projector 
with sound track, which Judge PinansJci 
accepted in the name of the Trustees . 

Jtr. Tfest then presented Miss Nourse 
with a lovely bouquet of spring flowers 
from the Birthday Gift Committee. 
William F. Kelly, a member of the Com- 
m.ittee, presented an electric phonograph 
Trith a public address system donated by 
an anonymous public-minded citizen. 
Frsjicis B. Ifesterson, a member of the 
Board of Trustees, accepted the gift for 
the Library. After the audience had an 
opportunity to hear the fine tone of the 
phonograph, Mr. Lord spoke about the 
plans for a bronze plaque to mark this 
library as the first branch library in 
the United States, and talked about the 
formation of a Friends of the Library 
group for the East Boston Branch Library. 
Miss Nourse discussed briefly the plans 
for the use of the nevr audio-visual 
gifts and thanked the community for 
their generous presents v^ich vdll so 
benefit both the old and young in East 
Boston. She announced that alb\;ims of 
records had already been given by the 

community, friends of the library, and 
two by the staff of the East Boston 
Library. A colored film on Mexico con- 
cludod the program. 

Punch and cookies were served in the 
children's room v/hich vjb.s festive with 
jonquils and forsythia. Miss Catherine 
Flannery and Miss Christiana Jordan, 
Branch Librarians of Orient Heights and 
Jeffries Point Branch Libraries presided 
at the punch bowls. 

Exec utive Board Report on 

sem'tTb TlTToT 


The hearing on Senate Bill 405 viras 
held before the Joint ^Tays and Means Com- 
mittee at the State House on Monday, 
Iferch 24. 

The President and 3 members of the 
Executive Boara of the B.P.L.P.S.A, at- 
tended the hearing and voted on the bill 
as individuals. Although the majority 
returns from members of the Association 
originally polled in the ballot of 
February 7 had voted in favor of the bill 
in the form submitted at that time, it 
vras the decision of the Executive Board 
that, since time did not permit re-poll- 
ing the membership on the amendments 
since added and announced to the staff on 
March 21, the President did not have the 
authority to speak for the Association at 
the hearing. 

The amendments which the Executive 
Board believed altered the bill suffi- 
ciently to necessitate a new poll before 
the Board could act v.dth authority for 
the Association were: 

1, The amount of reimbursement. 

In the announcement accompanying 
the original bill which \ms sent to the 
members of the staff on February 5 by 
the President of the Boston Public 
Library Employees Union, it ivas stated 
that "the bill if passed vrould raise 
the salaries of all public library em- 
ployees in the state to the extent of 
01, 000," 


In the amended bill (Section 23, 
paragraphs 1, 2, and 5) the payments 
wotild be substantially less (if inter- 
preted as being applied to individual 
salaries) . 

2. The amoimt of reimbursement to in- 
dividuals to be dependent on certifi- 
cation and existinr salarj'' scales 
(Section 23, paragraphs 1, 2, and 3. 
"Assumption being made that House 1623 
becomes law. If not, other minimum 
requirements vrould be stated.") 

In the original bill reimbiirsenent vra.s 
not specified as being dependent on 
these requirements. 


A petition ims received by the Execu- 
tive Board from members of the B.P.L. 
P.S.A. after the hearing on Senate Bill 
405 (state Aid) requesting that a special 
meeting of the Association be called to 
consider the bill as then amended. 

Horrever, as both Houses of the Legis- 
lature have now accepted the recommenda- 
tion of the Joint Vfays and Means Co;ranittef 
that action on the bill be deferred T.mtil 
the next session no action^mll be taken 
on the petition at this time. 

Members of the staff will be interested 
to Icnow that state aid is to be the theme 
of the discussion of the afternoon 
session, on May 15, at the annual meet- 
ing of the Massachusetts Library Associ- 
ation to be held in Pittsfield May 15 
and 16. 


Dear Folks: 

I'm about to celebrate my forty-fifth 
anniversary. For forty-five years I've 
been in the service of the Boston Public 
Library employees. As I look back over 
the years, they've been years of faithful 
service. I think that calls for a cele- 
bration. Some of my friends evidently 
thought so too, for they got together the 

other day and decided that it would be 
fitting if we all met together at the 
Piiritan Hotel on Thursday, May 22, at 
7,30 P.M. There vdll be a dinner, 
dancing, entertainment and time for some 
neighborly visiting. 

It might be that one of yoixr friends 
or some member of your family would like 
to come too. If so, I sure vrauld be 
happy to have them join us, I'm a plain, 
simple fellow, so please don't come all 
dressed up in evening clothes. 

IJow there is nothing I would like bet- 
ter in all the vrorld than to be able to 
invite you as my guests, but even after 
45 years in your service I'm still not 
rich, so I'll have to ask you to buy 
your own ticket ($2,75) but I'll be able 
to take care of some of the incidentals 
and that vdll make you partly my guest, 
v/on't it? 

T.1iy not save that date. May 22, and 
we'll all get together and have some 
real fun? I'll be able to give you more 
details as the plans develop. 

Fraternally yours, 



The Staff Library Book Recommendation 
Committee vrould find it extremely help- 
ful to receive suggestions from members 
of the staff. Specific titles, subjects, 
or any ideas you may have concerning 
your library -will be vrelcome. The form 
svipplied below is for your convenience. 
It may be clipped and sent to the 

To the Staff Library Book Recommendation 
Committee: I suggest the follov/ing 
addition to the Staff Library: 







Published by the B oston Publi c Library Pr of e ss ional St aff Association 
Jl 1 '_ '"April "1947 " Ho. 


A nan vre Jmev; had a maxin that a din- 
ner called for 6:30 should be^in no 
later than 8. Si;nilarly, vrc believe 
that an April issue of the Question Hark 
should come out no later than I'.S"y» and 
that's all vre 're going to say about it. 

Vie Qazed into our Farmer's Alnanac the 
other night to get the vreather forecast 
for the vacation period and here it is: 

For Extras : No weather 
For Sub-professionals: 

For Probationaries : 

at all. 
Storiny, v.dth 
high pressure 
Rainy, vdth slovly 
rising prices. 
For Assistants (General): Fair, vdth 

some tluTnder- 
on the left. 
Fine, turning to excellent, 
changing to superb. No 
v/ind . 

For Chiefs: 


Three hundred Pops tickets in the first 
balcony are being reserved for the 
B.P.L.P.S.A. party on June 6th. All 
members of the staff are virged to get 
their seats early and choose their favor- 
ite sections. Remember SS,-^ of each ^1.25 
ticket goes to the depicted B.P.L.P.S.A. 
treasury. All staff members and friends 
may obtain tickets after Ifeiy 6th from 
the Program Coi-nmittee: Dorothy F. No\irse, 
East Boston Branch; Samuel Greenj 
Bi-'.siness Office; Christine Hayes, Book 
Selection Department; Anne Connors, 
South Boston Branch; Irene Tuttle, 
Jamaica Plain Branch. 


mie. Simone de Beauvoir, French novel- 
ist, playwright and, according to the 
"Nev/ Yorker" no. 2 Existentialist, iras a 
visitor at the Library on April 18. 
Illle. de Beauvoir is lecturing in this 
co\mtry under the auspices of the French- 
governiTiGnt Cultiiral Service, She is a 
close friend of Jean Paul Sartre, the 
dean of the philosophical school of 


April 1. Meeting of Executive Committee 
of Trustees of the American Library in 
Paris, at Nev; York City. 

April 7. Meeting of M.L.A. Legislative, 
Planning and Standards Committees, 

April 11. Meeting 
Public Library. 

of Trustees of Boston 

April 14, Meeting of Corporation of 
Simmons College. 

April 15, Meeting of M.L.A. Special 
Comriittee on State Aid for Libraries. 

April 16. Meeting of M.I.T, Corporation's 
Library Committee. 

April 21, Meeting of Exectttive Board of 
Ifessachusetts Library Association. 

April 22. Meeting of Executive Committee 
of Trustees of the American Library in 
Paris, at Nev; York City. 

April 25. Meeting of Trustees of Boston 
Public Library, 


April 28-29. Meeting of Cooperative 
Co:nnittee on Public Library Building 
Plans, at Princeton, 

April 30-May 1. Meeting of Cooperative 
Cororaittee on Public Library Building 
Plans (continued), at Detroit, 

On Tuesday April 1, the staff of the 
Book Purchasing Department held an in- 
formal reception in honor of Miss Alice 
Hanson of that department v;hose retire- 
ment from the Library s-ervice becomes 
effective the thirtieth of this month, 
A beautiful picture of a pink flamingo 
vra.s presented to her by her friends on 
the staff who are v;ell acquainted vdth 
her love for birds. Miss Hanson plans 
to continue her residence in Boston and 
devote her time to her hobbies, the 
chief of v/hich is the study of birdlife. 

To the Women Members of the Staff: 

A great iTiany of the recently acqiiired 
cups and saucers, as vrell as silverware, 
have disappeared from the lunch room in 
the Women's Quarters, These were pur- 
chased for the use of all the members of 
the staff who may have need of them, not 
for any one individual alone, and ?re 
not to be removed from the liuich room 
vdthout permission. 

Very often a person has to waste pre- 
cious minutes of her lunch hour, waiting 
for someone to finish her lunch, in order 
to obtain a cup and saucer as vrell as 
some silvervra-re, YJill you kindly check 
your locker and your desk and if you 
find any of the above items, return them 
to the lunch room., where they v.dll then 
be available to all v/hcn most needed. 

MARY D. FAREELL, Chainian 
TJomen's House Committee 

Warner Brothers movie stars and tech- 
nicians have invaded the Library. A 
film in which Claude Rains and Jane 
■'"'■yman will star has scones from the main 
stairivay and the Rare Book Department, 
Faneuil Hall and Harvard University are 
also being used in this movie which is 
to be called Up Till Wow, 

Kevf St aff Members 

Li's, Ruth B. Ross, General Reference 
Department . 

W, H. Earle Jolinson, Music Department. 

Miss Gloria L, Lombard, Cataloging and 
Classification Department, Reference 

Miss Bruna Ccdrone returned to work in 
the Book Stack Service after an absence 
of almost a year. 

Miss Rhoda Blacker, Dorchester Branch, 
v;ho Y/orked full-time in a branch library 
during her vacation last year. 

Miss Bertha Smith, a Northeastern 
University student, resumed work at the 
Business Branch, after her vdnter term 
at classes. 

T ransfers 

Miss Alice M. Bucklejr, Children's 
Librarian, Washington Village Bra.nch to 
Allston Branch. 

Mrs. Evelyn B. M'5.rden, Children's 
Librarian, Allston Branch to Charlestown 

Miss Mary L. Oilman, Children's Li- 
brarian, CharlestoT/n Branch to Lower 
Ivlills Branch. 

Miss Marie R. Kennedy, Lovrer Mills 
Branch to Orient Heights Branch. 


Miss Sylvia Vagenheim, Cataloging and 
Classification Department, Reference 
Division, to return to school. 


Ifrs. Ivfery Lentini, Stock Department, 
to stay at home. 

lirs. Dorothy G. Donohue, Charlestov/n 
Branch, to stay at hone. 

Its, Carol C. DuBuron, Infornation 
Office, to stay at home. 

Retirem ents 

I.Iiss I!. Florence Cufflin, Branch Li- 
brarian, Allston Branch, as of 30 April, 

Ivliss Alice Hanson, Assistant, Boole 
Purchasing Department, as of 30 April, 

Miss Lfery E. Quinn -was married on 
Easter Sunday to Hilbert L. Smith, Her 
sister, Edna Yauney, was here for the 
occasion, from her home in St. Johnsville, 

Yu Y. 


To the Editor: 

May 5, 1947 

Not being an articulate soul, it v/as 
Vidth some hesitancy that I decided to 
take my type\'«*iter in hand and to request 
a brief space in that most democratic of 
all institutions, THE SOAP BOX, in which 
to pose a few queries AYhich are troubling 
me personally. Finding that I vra.s not 
alone in my state of perplexity, I joined 
a group honestly seeking enlightenment. 
Thus, quite unintentionally, this has be- 
come a group inquiry. 

Host of us v/ho have been in the library 
service for several years realize that 
definite steps in progressive organiza- 
tion have taken place Vv'ithin recent 
years. VJe Icnov: that the City Government 
is becoming library-conscious and that 
our budget is shovdng a favorable in- 
crease each passing yi^ar , due primarily 
to the Director's presentation of library 
requirem.ents before that body. This year 
the sum requested and the sum received by 
the Library for running expenses give 
proof that we are gradiially beginning to 
approach an adequate sum v/ith which to 
carry out our required service to the 

There is one phase of the administer- 
ing of the funds received v:hich disturbs 
us. Those belonging to the Branch 
Librarian-Head of Department group have 
been fully ar.Tire for som.e years that wide 
discrepancies in pay exist v/ithin that 
group. The group vi&s given to understand 
that as soon as funds were available ad- 
jvistments vdthin the group v/ould be made. 
?Je grant that at the time any nev; system 
is inaugT-U-ated certain inequalities ex- 
ist inevitably. We now ask why these 
inequalities, once having been recognized, 
could not have been corrected over a 
period of nine y ears ? Is it through in- 
difference~~or~that 'the laborer is not 
vrorthy of his hire that the follovring 
conditions are allov/ed to exist? 

1. Some Branch Librarians and Heads of 
Departments are receiving less sala- 
ry than two First Assistants. 

2. Several First Assistants and Chil- 
dren's Librarians are receiving only 
seventy-five dollars less than cer- 
tain members of the Branch Librarian- 
Head of Department group, 

3. Branch Librarians and Heads of De- 
partments T/ho have been in their 
present positions for over fifteen 
years are receiving less salary than 
a Branch Librarian appointed only 
four years ago. 

4. Several Branch Librarians and Chiefs 
of Departments not only have not 
reached the new minimvtm salaries 
(1947 schedule), they have not yet 
reached their old maximums (1937 
schedule) . 

The usual ansv:er to any complaint is 
that there is no money, T/here then did 
the money come from v/hich v/as used to 
pay salary increases for courses which 
were taken nearly twenty years ago? 
Many Training Class graduates have been 
paid three times for these same courses: 

1. They were allowed to take this train- 
ing on library time; they received a 
salary while attending classes and 
doing practice v;ork. 

2. Upon completion of this course of 
training, they received salary in- 

3. In 1947 they reoeived an additional 
01 50. 


Without increasing the total amount 
asked for in the personal service budget, 
vrould it not be fair sone year to ask 
for less for grade increases and more 
for step rate increases so that this 
Branch Librarian-Head of Departnent group 
might be given the advantage just once? 
It SGcms logical that the examination- 
earning group might be deprived of in- 
creases because of lack of funds once in 
a iThile, rather than that the Branch 
Librarioii-Head of Department group sliould 
air/ays get the small end of the deal. 

In this system there seems to be no 
recognition of good and successful serv- 
ice. An assistant may be a poor assist- 
ant, doing a miniraum ai7io\;nt of v/ork; she 
may be frequently absent and often tardy; 
but, let that assistant pass an er.amina- 
tion and she may receive as much as $200 
as a revmrd, vrhile the Branch Librarian 
or Head of Department v;ho carries the 
entire load of responsibility, and is 
denied the privilege of receiving finan- 
cial credits for courses taken, is ex- 
pected to give "supertest" service and 
■v^'ait v/ith resignation for the fev: crumbs 
which may fall from the table of her 
more fortimate colleagues. 

It is hoped that something vri.ll be done 
in the near futtu'e to adjust the obvious 
discrepancies v.dthin this group of offi- 
cers. For, Time Iferches On and those 
individuals in 'thiT'gr oup , deprived for 
several years of the rate of pay given 
to other individuals supposedly rrithin 
the same salary group, are going to be 
substantial losers when their pension 
d&irs, which for many of the group are not 
too far off, arrive, YJould it not be 
possible vdth the money allotted in the 
annual budget to take some cognizance of 
the discrepancies mthin this group be- 
fore the Pension Ifen or the Grim Reaper 
make such adjustments of no avail? 

Tfey 5, 1947 

De ar Fell oiT-memb er s ; 

IJay I suggest that the Professional 
Staff Association take any steps possible 
to help straighten out the inequalities 
in the financial situation in the Library? 

If Chiefs and Branch Librarians who 
took promotional examinations prior to 
their appointment have been, in the past, 
given raises on the basis of these exw 
aminations after they vrere appointed as 
Chiefs and Branch Librarians, vdiy are 
those in that classification barred from 
collecting the $150 that graduates of 
the Library's Training Class were given 
certification credit for this year? It 
does not seem consistent vnth the policy 
up to this time. 

And why, speaking of inconsistencies, 
are employees who pass a certified course 
at a library school, granted immediately 
upon completion of the course, the mone- 
tary compensation for that step, while 
other employees v;ho perhaps cannot afford 
time or money to attend library school, 
must wait from 6 months to a year or 
more after taking Library examinations 
for the same step. Just because an em- 
ployee attends a library school, it 
should not follow that he or she is a 
better or more interested employee than 
the employee v/ho stays home and does his 
ovm. work as well as that of the student 
at library school, nor should extra money 
be paid one before the other for the same 

This certification compensation 'proves 
to be unfair on another Pay 
raises are usually limited to 02OO each 
year per person. Yet some few individ- 
uals this year, already at their 1937 
inaxinums, are to have received MORE 
than 02 00. If the money above the an- 
nounced maximisn of $200 v;as obtained on 
certification in addition to the exam- 
ination credits, it is definitely most 
unfair to others on the staff v;ho have 
additional credit for vrhich they have 
not been paid. And if, they were paid 
additional money on certification, v^y 
were not the Training Class graduates 
paid their additional certification money' 
in addition to examination money too. 
Is it fair to overpay one grovip on certi"- 
fication, and yet make a similar group 
wait another year? Does not additional 
money mean as much to one employee as 
another? Is there a growing favored 
group of those who are able to attend 
library school? And is not this trend 
more than vmfair to the older members of 
the staff vrho have responsibilities v;hich 


do not permit attendance at such schools 
but vrho have formerly qualified under 
several different systems? Does not such 
experience rate somewhat higher than un- 
tried theoretical loiowledge in most pro- 

Staff morale needs something done for 
the older employee v^ho sees the majority 
of the better positions, and nearly all 
the available money^ going to the younger 
and more superficial members of the 
staff. Honest, reliable service no long- 
er seems to command even a slight trace 
of gratitude these days. More and more 
rev/ards seem to be given to those doing 
less and less. It does not make for a 
healthy attitude tovards the institution 
on the part of either the older or the 
younger employees. I suggest that the 
Professional Staff Association study the 
situations involved and attempt to con- 
vince the administration that there 
could be beneficial changes made. 

April 24, 1947 

Dsar Editors; 

There is a new "Forgotten man" in the 
library today,., members ovming fourth 
step or second assistant ratings. Or 
are they either the fish, as represented 
by Mr. O'Neil of the first assistants 
and J,Iiss Hayes of the Children's Librar- 
ians (also a fifth step rating), or 
fowl, as represented by Mesdames Hastie 
and pfenning and Messievu's Lynch and 
Rains of the general assistants? Or are 
they being personally represented by 
15. ss Met calf of the Professional Asso- 

According to the latest Statistical 
report, there are 19 Chiefs and 4 
Assistants-in-Charge. They have a 
representative on the committee. The 28 
Branch Librarians have a member; the 31 

First Assistants and 8 others of the 
fifth step level and the 20 Children's 
Librarians have a representative each? 
the 122 general assistants have repre- 
sentation to the extent of approximate- 
ly one in 30, There are 23 Second 
Assistants and 14 others of 4th step 
level.,, a total of 37 mthout repre- 
sentation. A curious occvrence, '"Thy? 

One of them. 


Note ; Vie assume that this 

letter refers to the committee from 
the Professional Library Service 
that met with the Director to con- 
cider Personnel Rating Sheets.) 




Pu b 1 ished by the Boston 
Vol. II " ' I 

Public Library Professional Staff Association 

May 194-7 

Ho. 5 



iTo had heard that the pigeons vrere in 
disfavor in the hallovired precincts of 
City Hall, but were siurprised when this 
disfavor caused thojn to develop a lit- 
erary bent. Possibly they have in-'/aded 
Bates Hall to do research in an effort 
to prove their title to the Comaon and 
the City Hall area. This, we suspect 
is the reason for their litrkins in the 
History Department, They ai'e out to 
prove their descent fron the pigeons 
(if any) that accanpanied the lYintlirop 

Fleet to Boston's fair shore. Else why 
should our genealogists favor them and 
remark with pleasure on the fact that we 
are not superstitious and don't object 
to birds in the house? ITe may not be 
s up er st it i ous , but ... 

'Te v/ith eagerness the appearance 
in our catalogue of the 1946 edition of 
John Pfiffner's "Public Administration", 
ITev; York, The Ronald Press. In this, 
according to a revier;- vre have recently 
seen "... the author explodes a theory 
that employees should see themselves as 
management sees them by revievdng service 
ratings covering their ovm. jobs, '^.Tien 
actual flesh-and-blood workers see their 
ovm ratings making individual defects a 
matter of record, hovrever, the reaction 
is too often one of resentment rather 
than inspiration to self-in^^rovement. '" 
Many in the Library are probably at the 
moment feeling if not resentful, ag- 
grieved, to say the least. The pigeons, 
T/ho after all can move aroimd a little 
more freely than vre, have left their 
genealogical studies long enough to re- 
port that many comments on the new per- 
sonnel ratings are to be expected momen- 
tarily, 'Ye shall be glad to see them 
come, because certainly at the present 
there seems to be confusion in most of 
ovT minds as to vj-hat norm is to be 
established and as to vrhat they vdll 
eventually moan to us. 

The Benefit Association is to be con- 
gratulated not only on its forty-fifth 
amniversary, but on the most enjoyable 
party they gave at the Puritan on the 
twenty-second to celebrate the occasion, 
ITe vrere pleasantly sia-prised at the 
amount of talent in the library staff, 
and enjoyed the comments of our Trustees 
}!\r, Masterson and Mr. Biccton, 



Due to an oversight on the part of the 
Chair, Jfr. Rains' report of the Member- 
ship Comnittee ■vvas not read at the Busi- 
ness Meeting of the Association on 
Friday, Lfey 23. The report follovvrs: 

During the first quarter of 1947 in- 
vitations to join the Association were 
sent to all eligible employees of the 
Library. This drive resulted in the 
addition of over sixty nev/ members. Due 
to resignations from the Library during 
the first half of the year the net gain 
amounted to fifty, making the present 
total three hundred and fifty-three. 

For the remainder of the year, the 
Committee plans to continue the member- 
ship drive and to attempt to set up a 
system of field representatives in 
branches and departments in accordance 
vdth the recent decision of the Execu- 
tive Board. 

Respectfully submitted, 


Louis Rains, Chairman 

Membership Committee 

Teacher: (Sitting at a table near the 

door). This table is too lovj-. 

Librarian: Try the middle table. It is 

Teacher: All over the coimtry— even in 
the most rirral districts-- 
there are signs on the bridges 
announcing the heights for 
clearance. 7.fhy don't you put 
up a sign here? 

Librarian: V'Jhy don't you make us a 

A fe-vr days later the Teacher handed 
us the follo\7ing: 

Suggested rhymes. 
Attempting to spare 
Other loiees from becoming 
Like my own smashed pair I 

(Composed after the author had attempt- 
ed to pull up a chair and sit dov/n at 
the nearest table in the Teachers' Room 
of the Boston Public Library. The se- 
lected verse will be printed and placed 
upon said table to \mrn newcomers that 
the Librarians are not liable for any 
fractures, sprains, contusions, or abra- 
sions sustained by anyone attempting to 
park a pair of legs beneath it). 

Suggestion no. 1 

If at least tv:o feet is the height of 

your lap, 
^'lien this blasted table is yova* booby 

trap ! 

Suggestion no. 2 

Don't sit dov/n fast, I vra.rn you fella. 
Or you'll soon have a smashed patellal 

Suggestion no. 5 

If you have legs like Betty Grable 
Don't ever come near this so-called 

Suggestion no. 4 

Pull up at this table as fast as you 

But aftenmrds, what '11 you use for 

So if you seek to read or study. 
Then sit Aavm slow and easy. Buddy! 

Sign t o be post e d near entrance ; 


Some dashed in here to study their 

And smashed their knees before they 

So if you'd avoid that painful feeling 
Then LIE on the table and study the 

For the ceiling-painter was gifted and 

c 1 ever 
But the table-maker will be cursed 

forever 11 


LOCAL 731 

Though tiirned dovm by the State Legis- 
lature, Senate Bill 405 has begun to 
show results. One of these r/as a meeting 
called on I&iy 6th by the Tfessachusetts 
Free Public Library Comnissioners, Rep- 
resentatives of the I.fe.ssachusetts Library 
Association were invited, as were repre- 
sentatives of the Union, A discussion of 
the general subject of state aid was fol- 
lowed by 'the report of Ifr. Lord, chairman 
of the M»L«A. committee on state aid, v/ho 
gave first-hand observations of the ivork- 
ings of the Llichigan State Aid Lav;-. The 
meeting then voted \manimously to set up 
a J,fe.ssachusetts State Aid for Libraries' 
Conference. It v;as also voted that a 
joint committee of the three groups begin 
vrork on a bill for state aid which vrill 
be ready for submission to the next ses- 
sion of the State Legislature. 

After a number of conferences with rep- 
resentatives of the Boston Covincil of 
Municipal Employees (which consists of 24 
locals, including Local 731), I.feyor C^irley 
sent to all Department Heads Circular 
Letter, No. 4. This letter annoimces the 
setting up of a Labor Management Committee 
which is to hear and review "Grievances 
on the part of employees v/ith regard to 
classification, hours of employment and 
other related matters." 

Abraham H. Kalish has been appointed to 
the Education Committee of the Ifessachu- 
setts State Federation of Labor. 


Members of the Nominating Committee re- 
cently appointed at an Executive Board 
meeting are: 

Miss Esther Leonard, Teachers Depart- 
ment • 

Miss Anne L. Moore, Open Shelf Depart- 

liliss Rose DiPasquale, North End Branch, 
Miss Iferion R. Herzig, Roslindale 


Ifr. Joseph Lynch, Book Preparation 



On Saturday afternoon. May 3rd, eighty 
friends gathered in the Lagoon Room of 
the Ifylos Standish Hotel at a luncheon 
given in honor of Miss Ifery Florence 
Cufflin upon her retirement from the 
Library service. Mrs. Ada Andelman was 
toastmistress for the occasion, and in- 
troduced Mr. Milton Lord, the Director, 
and Miss Edith Guerrier, Supervisor of 
Branch Libraries, Emeritus, both of whom 
brought greetings to Miss Cufflin, and 
spoke with vra.rm appreciation of her work 
a.nd vrorth through the years. 

Miss Bessie Doherty, who had been asked 
to reminisce a bit, spoke substantially 
as follows : 

It is said that the ocean holds waters 
too deep for accurate soundings, and it 
is true, also, that the heart holds emo- 
tions too deep for adequate words. "''Then 
from time to time I have been asked to 
va'ite or say a fevr words of appreciation 
for one of my fellow workers vfho vra.s 
leaving the Library service, it has 
always been done with the sincere prayer, 
'I hope they will never ask me to do 
this for Miss Cufflin.' 

I vdshed that, in some miraculous vra.y, 
the day of her retirement from the serv- 
ice would never come; and I Icnew that 
all of the respect, the deep apprecia- 
tion, and the very real affection which 
I have for Miss Cufflin could never be 
expressed in words, either prose or 
poetry. Nevertheless, since the 
Committee has so graciously asked me to 
speak, I am very glad to add my words of 
appreciation to those which have already 
been spoken. I consider it the greatest 
blessing of my library career that I 
came into the service in time to be 
trained by Miss Cufflin. There was a 


day, T;hich fev; of you vri.ll remember, 
vAien there r/as no Training Class, no 
courses of study, and no bevri.ldering 
steps — one-tYro-three-four-five— -upon 
v/hich to stub one's literary toes, ""'e 
looked to Miss Cufflin, and to her alone, 
for our training and v;hlle, just in the 
nature of things, it ■v/as not possible for 
her to give us a completely rounded-out 
coiirse in all the branches of Library 
Science; she did give us those things 
T/ithout vrhich even the best course in 
Library Scionce would be worse t?ian \ 
less. She taught us the importance of 
careful, detailed, painstaking work; she 
imparted to us something of her ovra de- 
votion to the library as an institution; 
and, in her, we had ahmys before us an 
exajTiple of the highest type of service to 
the public. 

Let no one imagine, even for a moment, 
that working for Miss Cufflin was easy. 
T.- vra.s not! She had a most disconcerting 
nab it of refusing to accept anything but 
tne very best; and in some uncanny v/ay, 
she sensed the highest capabilities of 
each ajid every one entrusted to her for 
training. More often than not, that 
higher best v^hich she demanded ira.s great- 
er than anything of which we dreamed we 
vrero capable. Thinking back to those old 
da.ys, I am reminded of an 5.ncident which 
occurred while I v;as v/orking in Stack 4, 
It vra,s the duty of each girl serving in 
that particular stack to verify five al- 
coves of books each morning. Those al- 
coves became one's special responsibility, 
and the books were expected to be kept in 
order at all times. One never knew just 
when these small provinces would be in- 
vaded, and one's work inspected by Miss 
Cufflin, And, strange as it may seem, if 
there vrere any books out of place, they 
seemed to choose such times to make them- 
selves most conspicuous. On the partic- 
ular day in question, I heard Miss 
Cufflin calling, "Miss Doherty!" Instant- 
ly I vreis on the alert, knovring that some- 
thing vtBlS vn'ong, Otherv.dse I vrould have 
been summoned with the more informal 
"Bess I" which signified that all vra.s 
■■veil, I lost no time in tracing Miss 
Cufflin 'g voice to my alcoves, where I 
soon discovered what was vjrong. I ims 

met with the accusing words, 'Miss 
Doherty, I just stopped by to run my eye 
over your alcoves, and I find tvro books 
out of place, I've left them sticking 
out so that you may see them, and put 
them v^ere they belong.' 

Even v^hile my lips were saying, 'I'm 
sorry. Miss Cufflin,' my face must have 
said very clearly, 'Only two out of five 
alcoves, I must be getting good.' }lSy 
self-satisfaction ivas short lived, how- 
ever, for Miss Cufflin, sensing my reac- 
tion, hastened to admonish me, 'Oh, yes, 
I loiovr you're thinking that two books 
out of five alcoves aren't many— but 
think of it this \ray. Those books might 
have been needed by tvra borrov;-ers today 
and those two borrovrers would have left 
our library disappointed because we had 
failed to give thom what they wanted, '•«, 

■"Vhile it v-'as not easy to work for Miss 
Cufflin, it Tvas a joyotis and satisfactory 
experience alv/ays ,., Miss Cufflin, being 
hvcTian, must have had her favorites among 
the girls ivho worked for her, but, if so, 
vre never knew anything about it. She 
treated us all with straightforward fair- 
ness, and I, for one, thought of her as 
a very and very dear older sister, 
v/ho was never too tired, too busy or too 
uninterested to give of herself, her 
tine, and her v/isdom to me ... And now: 

TVhat shall I msh for the years just 

Time of rich fruitage toward which 

life has led. 
I, who knov; vrell hovf deserved is your 

Sound the depths of my heart for the 

richest and best 
Harvest of thought, coin to lavishly 

In extravagant wishes for you, my 

dear friend. 
As alvra.ys, I'm claiming life's best 

gifts for you — 
Good health, peace, and friends who 

are loyal and true. 


Are you yearning to travel in far ar/ay 

laaids ? 
I'll gather fair wishes to weave into 

Of friendliest magic to carpet your 

Tfith harmony, paving your steps every 

And I'll ask Good Dsune Fortune to z^ve 

of her gold — 
Not too much, for it can prove a 

burden, I'm told; 
Not too little, lest there should be 

nothing to share 
Yfith someone less fortunate, needing 

yovir care. 

And when your oxm hearth fire's 

fingers of flame 
Beckon you back to the homeland again: 
To places you've loved, and old 

friends who are dear; 
And things you have cherished through 

many a year— 
To the joys you have shared, the cares 

and the chores— 
Somehow grovm precious because they 

are yours; 
Ivfey you find every seedling of kindness 

you've so\''m 
Has blossomed to fragrance right there 

in your home. 

Miss Fanny Goldstein, Librariaji of the 
"Test End Branch, and long-time friend and 
colleague of Miss Cufflin, prefaced her 
speech of presentation v/ith a sparkling 
accoxmt of their long association in 
library activities. The gifts, a beauti- 
fully bound book, red leather trimmed gold, containing the names of Miss 
Cufflin' s library friends and a matching 
red billfold, holding a crisp new one 
hundred dollar bill, were accepted in a 
gracious speech by Miss Cufflin. 

Everyone present agreed that the Com- 
mittee on arrangements, headed by Miss 
Margaret Calnan, Branch Librarian of the 
Connolly Branch, should be congratulated 
on one of the most enjoyable library 
parties ever given; and they further con- 
•^eded that our guest of honor most richly 
deserved the best. 

New Staff Mem b er s 

Miss Ida A, Lubell, Personnel Office. 

Miss laidred D. Brackett, City Point 
Branch, where she has been working part- 

l.Iiss Patricia L. PCeegan, Information 
Office, where she has been v;orking part- 

Miss Leontine M. Milano, Cataloging 
and Classification Department, Reference 

Miss Phyllis M. Racette, Book Stack 

Miss Patricia R, Taylor, Book Stack 

Miss Jacqueline Steiner, Rare Book 


Mrs. Doris L. Montgomery, l^hams 
Corner Branch. 

Miss Anne C. Magner, Book Stack 

Miss Pearl Stern, Business Branch, 

Miss Gloria L, Lombard, Cataloging and 
Classification Department, Reference 

Mrs, Florence H, Posella, History 


MAY 16, 1947 

The speaker on state aid to libraries 
v/as Miss Eudocia Stratton, for three 
years Director of State Aid to Public 
Libraries, Michigan. Introduced by Miss 
Yerxa of the Massachusetts Division of 
Public Libraries as an expert in this 
subject. Miss Stratton responded by say- 
ing that an expert was only "an ordinary 
guy away from home," She qualified 
under this definition, being a long xvay 
from Lansing, Michigan, but she also 
rrould qualify, probably, according to 


the definition given in the dictionary. 
She laiew the T.Iichigan law and the many- 
details of administering state aid as 
■wbII as the general theory of state aid. 
Since this state and one other are the 
only states to give aid to libraries in 
general, its law is of particular inter- 
to libraricns of Iflassachusetts, Sixteen 
states in all have state aid lavre but 
fourteen of them provide aid only to 
county and regional libraries. 

Before analyzing the LUchigan law she 
spoke of the principles behind the idoa. 
The public library as a part of the ed- 
ucational system is the concern of the 
state. The IGchigan state constitution 
had included the vrord libraries as vrell 
as schools , many years back, so the re- 
cent law in that state only put this 
principle into practice. The aim of such 
a law is to equalize the library oppor- 
tunities throughout the state. 

First passed in 1937, the Michigan law 
was not put into effect at once due to a 
deficit and before it really got much 
under way, was amended by the recommend- 
ation of the Michigan Library Association 
in 1941, The amendments provided for two 
things. The first provision required 
that the apportionment of funds must con- 
form to such certification requirements 
for personnel as might be established by 
the State Board for Libraries. The other 
amendment removed the clause in the bill 
setting the appropriation at a fixed 
amount. More money vra.s asked for in 1941 
than the original bill had set. 

To be eligible to receive state aid a 
libra ry must first of all be free to the 
public and open at least ten hovirs a week 
Beyond this there are specific financial 
and educational qualifications. The 
municipality or other government unit 
must provide a proportion of the budget. 
The educational standard, as the amend- 
ment indicated, is set by the State 
Board for Libraries, For example, in a 
community a population larger tho.n 
15,000 the head of the library must be a 
library school graduate vdth at least 
four years experience, and a large per- 
cent of the members of the staff must 
come from accredited library schools. 

State certification is required and re- 
newed biennially. Any library not wish- 
ing to fulfill these requirements may 
vraive-its rights to receive aid. 

The appropriation in Michigan was di- 
vided into several funds: 

1) The General Fund, now using 60 per 
cent of the total, for distribution on a 
per capita basis to all libraries meeting 
the financial and educational qualifica- 

2) The Equalization Fund, using 10 per 
cent of the total, for purposes of help- 
ing libraries that might not receive 
enough from the property tax to maintain 

3) An Establishment Fund provides for 
aid in establishing nev/ libraries. At 
least sf6,000 must be set for the pixrpose 
by the governmental unit before aid may 
be obtained, 

4) Other funds for demonstration and im- 
provement purposes. To be eligible for 
money from the Improvement ' Fund there 
must be a population of 15,000 or an 
area of any population comprising tvra 
counties put together. The district 
must also reserve for the library a cer- 
tain percentage of the assessed evalua- 
tion. Money from state funds might be 
spent on boolnaobiles, for salaries, for 
demonstrations, for anything to improve 
the worth of the library to the public 

Of the v/hole appropriation a small per- 
cent must be set aside for administering 
the funds. 

For more detailed information, see the 
forthcoming Massachusetts Library Asso- 
ciation Bulletin which vdll have a full 
report of Miss Stratton's talk. 


Published by the Boston Public Library Professional Staff Association 

Vol, II June-July 1947 No. 6 

The ■'Tomen's Lounge vvas the scene of a 
very festive occasion on Tuesday after- 
noon, June tenth, when the "STAY-AT- 
HOLERS", those poor, unfort\mate souls 
who did not go to California, were at 
home to their more fortunate colleagues, 
the tv/enty-five hardy souls vrho ventured 
forth into the wide, open spaces of the 
I'Test to attend the A.L.A. Convention in 
San Francisco, June' twenty-ninth to July 
fifth. The room looked very festive vdth 
bouquets of garden flowers, candlelight, 
and center table bearing a well-filled 
punch bowl and plates of homemade cakes 
and cookies. 

Between three and four-thirty o'clock 
practically all members of the Central 
Library staff, as well as a goodly repre- 
sentation from Branch Libraries came to 
enjoy a social few minutes and to vdsh 
their fellow staff members Godspeed on 
their trip, Mr. Lord and his "harem", 
each properly identified by an attractive 
orange name card (reproduced above), 
seemed to be in fine condition for the 
trip and were able to stand up with for- 
titude under the avalanche of good wishes, 
good food, good drink, and even the eagle 
eye of a photographer. 


The editor heartily endorses the recom- 
mendation of the Executive Board that the 
scope of the Question Mark be enlarged to 
include the listing of articles of pro- 
fessional interest, and reports of "things 
done" in various departments and branch 
libraries, 'Tith the September issue we 
shall expand in this direction, and also 
announce our enlarged committee. 

Tie hope also that some of the lucky ones 
who attended the A.L.A, convention at San 
Francisco will favor u6 vdth an account 
of what went on there and an account of 
what is fun in California. ''Te certainly 
envied you all tho past fevr weeks. But 
just you wait until we've had oiu* vaca- 
tion! The old Q. Mark will positively 
crackle in your"~hand, she'll be so 

Speaking of broadening the scope of the 
Q. Mark , your editor wishes to remind you 
^at contributions are always gratefully 
received from any member of the Staff, and 
they don't necessarily have to be letters 
to the "Soap Box", If you know any inter- 
esting nevrs, let us in on it. If anything 
amusing happens around here, do tell us, 
Tfe are only too anxious to pass the xvord 
along. Thank you I 

During the asking of the Tello-Test 
question "In what state are the Finger 
Lakes?", one branch library received this 
telephone query; "mil you please tell me 
in what city are tho Ginger Lakes?" 

■^re understand that since the United 
Nations Charter vms signed a book store 
in San Francisco has been selling \7orld 
globes at a 50 percent reduction. 


Report on Sale of POPS tickets 

$1.50 Sold 23 

Retiorned,......, 10 33 

$1.00 Sold 243 

Returned 24 267 



Tickets Sold ; 

23 © 01.75 040.25 

24-5 © Ol.25...i. 3 03.75 
266 03447^ 

Contributions Received ; 

18 © 25/; ; 04,50 

1 © 10/.... i.. ,10 

Total Receipts ..... »*. 0348,60 


Paid to Symphony Hall for 
Tickets Sold; 

23 © 01.50 034,50 

243 ©$1.00 243.00 

266 0277,50 

Paid Government Tax ; 
266 tickets 

© 4/ 010.64 

Total Expenditures 283.14 

Net Profit to BPLPSA.,.. 060.46 

Respectfully submitted, 

Program Chairman 


Juno 10, 1947 

To the Executive Board; 

So large a ntmiber of the employees are 
audibly v/ishing that "Someone v;ould ivrite 
a letter to the Question Ifark abox^.t tlie 

various criticisms of, or suggestions for 
improvement in the personality rating 
scale lately adopted by the administration" 
that it vrould seem to be a service well 
vdthin the field of the Professional 
Staff Association to appoint a committee 
to hear and examine these remarks with a 
view to recommending changes to the ad- 

The grading has not been at all uniform 
within the system, and too many employees 
seem to be dissatisfied vdth the details 
of the rating sheets,.. for example, some 
would prefer various qualities to carry 
varied weights if a total average must be 
assigned. Therefore, I suggest that the 
Execittive Board; 

l4 Establish a slotted box in the staff 
library for anonymous complaints on 
the present rating system, the box 
to remain in place Until September 

2. Send out a notice requesting that 
suggestions be sent to the President 
before August 30 for membership on a 
staff committee to study the problem. 

3. Appoint before September 10 from 
these names a committee of 10 to 15 
representative employees to study the 
present rating system, examine the 
comments of the employees thereon, 
study the rating systems in use in 
other libraries, and present a re- 
port vdth recommendations for change 
to the first business meeting of the 
Association in the fall. 


Announcement has been made of the en- 
gagement of Irene T. Bixler, Information 
Office, to Joseph H. Lyons. No date has 
been set for the wedding. 

Louise Hart, formerly in Mr, Davis' 
Office, was married to Tho:?.as Cemavan on 
Saturday, June 14, in Hyde Park. 

It. and Ilrs, James Yauney (Edna Quinn, 
formerly of the Office of Records, Files, 
and Statistics) annovmce th«- birth of a 
son. Bruce David, on July 16. 


¥t, and JIbrs, Herbert Marcus (Joyce 
Chaban, formerly of Book Stack Service) 
announce the birth of a son, Lava*ence 
Richard, on July 23, 

Henry Barry, Book Preparation Depart- 
ment, is receiving congratulations upon 
the birth of a son, Robert Francis, on 
Jvine 5. 

llir. and Ifrs. Peter A, Lentini (Mary 
Keegan, formerly of the Stock Purchasing 
Department) announce the birth of a son, 
Peter Alfred, on June 23. 


He cometh to work at 8:50 every morn- 
ing vd-th brief case under his arm. The 
brief case doth contain those things 
v^^hich he hath labored over at home the 
eve preceding. He dustcth lightly at 
his shoes, lest their pristine gleam be 
marred, and then he dusteth lightly over 
the surface of his deck v/hereat he hath 
vn'ought yesterday and ivill vrork today. 
He hath a charming grin for his compan- 
ions and a deferential smirk for ye Chief. 
He starteth the days work betimes, lest 
he have no time to seek out other v:ork. 
He goeth over the vrork of his fellovra, 
and what they have left undone, he doeth 
and what they have done, he redoeth. He 
tarrieth at his desk when the noon time 
cometh and returneth from lunch early. 
He taketh vitamin pills on his relief and 
his relief it is brief. He bov/cth from 
the at the public and his hand he 
kisseth to the ladies. He v;eareth at all 
times a comely smile on his countenance. 
He sheweth his cooperation by linl:ing his 
hands with those of his fellow-vrarkers, 
and his initiative by directing them v/hen 
to she\7 their hands. He organizeth small 
groups v/ithin his ken and hcldeth pro- 
fo:'e:.onal meetings. In the evenings doth 
tr. \7ork many overtimes and when he goeth 
hj'^e, he carrieth again the brief case 
v-ii'-rein to work dtiring the night. (Kis 
vf_:'3 is ill-fed, ill-housed, ill-clothed 
■j-i' in consequence thereof, ill-tempered.) 
11'. lor.veth home to attend many meetings, 
o'v. he returneth early lest he have not 

his proper complement of rest. He re- 
fuseth tobacco and strong ivaters. He is 
the 90?^ man. 



June 13, 1947. 

Dear Ifr. Lord; 

I have been authorized by the Executive 
Board to forv/ard the report of the Spe- 
cial Committee on Concession Planning to 
you for consideration. 

Although this committee rreis originally 
instructed to draw up a definitive plan 
and contract for setting up a concession 
within the Central Library, it was the 
unanimous decision of the present Execu- 
tive Board that the Association ivas not 
empovrered to take such action. For this 
reason, the committee's instructions were 
amended and confined to making an explor- 
atory study v/ith recommendations based 
on its findings. 

In viev; of the problems which have 
arisen in the course of the committee's 
investigations, it is also the belief of 
the Board that the Association is not in 
a position, at the present time, to ac- 
cept responsibility for setting up and 
operating a concession if empowered to 
do soo As such an undertaking may in- 
volve questions of legal procedure, 
liability, employment and the handling of 
funds, the Board believes that these are 
matters virhich can be more properly and 
efficiently handled by the Administration. 

It is now the understanding of the Ex- 
ecutive Board that if a concession were 
set up on a percentage basis rdth part 
of the profits accruing to the Associa- 
tion, as v;as the original idea, these 
profits could be derived only from in- 
creased cost of food to the staff. How- 
ever, since the concession vrould be for 
the use of the entire staff, and not m3re- 
ly for members of the Association, the 
Executive Board believes that it v;ould 
not be justified in approving the recom- 
mendation of such an arrangement. 

The members of the Board \«n.ll be glad 
to discuss with you any questions ivhich 
may arise concerninj- this report. They 
will also be happy to cooperate in every 
way possible vrith the Administration in 
carrying out the expressed wish of the 
staff in this matter. 

Sincerely yours, 
(Signed) Louisa S, Metoalf 


The Special Committee on Concession 
Planning, to which was referred the 
question of planning the setting up of a 
concession v.dthin the Library for serving 
light refreshments to men and women mem- 
bers of the staff, submits the following 

In the spring of 1946, the present 
chairman was informally requested to in- 
vestigate certain of the problems con- 
nected with such a venture. In November, 
1946, he was verbally notified of his 
appointment as chairman of the committee, 
and on January 2, 1947, he received 
written instructions from the Executive 
Board directing him to appoint a com- 
mittee to servo with him to work out a 
definite plan and contract for setting 
up a concession, to be submitted to the 
E:cecutivo Board, to lir. Connolly, and to 
the Director, for approval. The follow- 
ing members of the staff v/ere named to 
serve ivith the chairman of the committee; 
Harry Fletcher, Anna L. Jfe.nning, and 
Phoebe S. McDonough. 

In March, 1947, a poll of all full- 
time members of the staff in the Central 
Library building ivas conducted to deter- 
mine (l) how many vrere in favor of set- 
ting up the concession, (2) how often 
individuals vrould buy if a concession 
T.-ere set up, and (3) v/hat items of food 
they would buy. 

In addition to answers to specific 
Questions, comments were sought from mem- 
bers of the staff in this poll. 

Questionnaires were distributed to 318 
members of the staff. Of this number 
219 were returned. Not all questions 
wore ansv;ered by those returning their 
questionnaires, A summary of the poll is 
given below. 

Number of questionnaires sent out 319 

Number returned 219 

Question 1 . Do you feel that this 
concession should be set up? 

Yes- 176 

Uo 29 

Question 2 > Ho\t often xTould you buy? 

Every day — — — — — 104 

Once a week—- — — — — 7 

Occasionally— — 74 

Question 3 , "'.'-'hat x'rauld you b\iy? 

Soups- 95 

Sandwiches- —124 

Desserts and ice cream— -157 

Beverages — —160 

The commonts wore varied, but the 
majority of them fell into throe main 
categories: (l) inadequata space in the 
present lunchroom in Stack II, (2) the 
likelihood of attracting such pests as 
roaches and rodents if food were not re- 
moved, and (3) the possibility of inter- 
fering with the privileges of members of 
the staff v/ho bring their ovm lunches. 

As the majority of those returning the 
questionnaires indicated their approval 
of establishing a concession, the com- 
mittee next vflrote to five concessionaires, 
requesting them to make a survey of the 
facilities available in the lunchroom in 
Stack II to determine if there were ade- 
quate space for serving the number of 
employees which it had been estimated 
would patronize the concession, and if 
they were interested to submit written 
statements of their tenns. 

Of the five concessionaires to whom 
letters were sent, two were not interest- 
ed, Joseph J, Doyle of Dorchester and 
McXeon and Casby of Boston. The remain- 
ing three indicated their interest in 
the proposal and statements from them ere 
siibmitted with this report. They are: 

Commercial Canteen Service 

lOA Milton Avenue, Dorchester 24. 

James H. Fitzgerald 

17 Flavin Street, Dorchester. 

Women's Educational °: Industrial Union 
264 Boylston Street, Boston 16. 

Representatives from the first tivo of 
these firms surveyed the premises vidth 
the three previously mentioned objections 
of the staff in mind: (l) inadequate 
space, (2) the pest hazard, and (3) 
possible interference with privileges at 
present enjoyed by the staff. 

Each estimated that vdth a rearrange- 
ment of the tables, with additional 
chairs and tables to be supplied by the 
Library, approximately 90 persons could 
be accomodated at one tine. This number, 
it had been estimated on the basis of 
returns from the poll, would be the max- 
imum potential using the limchroom at 
each period. 

Both firms pointed out that the daily 
removal of food not consumed vrauld mini- 
mize the danger of attracting pests such 
as roaches and rodents. 

The committee was also assured by these 
firms that the installation of their 
service would in no ivay obligate persons 
using the lunchroom to purchase food, or 
otherv/ise have their privileges inter- 
fered with. 

The following arrangements may be made 
with the concessionaires regarding the 
serving of food. If a concessionaire 
takes over the whole enterprise, it vdll 
entail his furnishing at his expense the 
services of a counterman with subse- 
quently higher prices to the staff. If, 
however, the Library agrees to arrange 
for the purchase of food and has it 
served by one of its employees, the 
prices xvill be lovrer. 

The Commercial Canteen Service would 
supply the food and necessary equipment 
daily and would make financial arrange- 
ments rath the Library for the services 
of a coimterman to be employed by the 
Library, llr. James H, Fitzgerald v.-'ould 

set up the concession vdth his wife as 
operator, supplying food and necessary 
equipment. The "''''omen's Educational and 
Industrial Union v/ould make no arrange- 
ment for serving food, but vrould supply 
it daily, leaving the problem of service 
to the Library. 

On the basis of its investigations the 
Comraittee makes the f ollov/ing recommenda- 
tions : 

(1) That a concession be set up, as an 
experiment, by the Administration, in 
Stack II mth a clause in the contract 
to be drarm up x-rith the concessionaire 
permitting the termination of the con- 
tract at any time vdth the mutual consent 
of the contracting parties. 

(2) That since a survey has revealed 
that adequate space is available in the 
lunchroom in Stack II, no further changes 
be made until time has shovm. the need. 

(3) That, because of the variety of 
food offered and the nature of the serv- 
ice provided, the contract be avra.rded 
either to the Commercial Canteen Service 
or to I.!r. James H. Fitzgerald. 

(4) That a token payment be made v/here- 
by the city be reimbursed for the light, 
water and other expenses incurred, but 
that any further profit be applied, as 
far as possible, to lowering prices and 
improving the qu.ality of the food served. 

The committee wishes to thank the Ex- 
ecutive Board for its cooperation, 

(Signed) GERALD BALL, Chairman 


A.L.A, Subcommittee on civil service re- 
lations. Civil service and libraries. 

Adams, Henry. The formative years, 
Allen, Robert. Our fair city. 


Bernanos, Georges. Joy. 

Collins, Korman. Dulcimer Street. 

Dostoyevsky, Feodor. Crime and punish- 

Dostoyevslcy, Feodor. The possessed. 

♦Flaubert, Gustavo. Madame Bovary. 

Freedman, Benedict. I/Irs, Mike. 

Graham, Elinor. Ivfeine charm string. 

Gray, James, On second thought. 

Harrison, Joseph L* Forbes Library; 
the half century, 1894-1944. 

* Joyce, James, The portable James Joyce. 

*Lov/ry, Ifelcolm, Under the volcano, 

Lydenberg, Harry lliller, and John Archer, 
Care and repair of books. 

Kilvert, Robert, Kilvert's diary, 

Ross, Nancy ''Vilson, The left hand is the 
dreamer , 

Sevareid, Eric. Not so v/ild a dream. 

Tolstoi, Leo, Anna Karenina 

Toynbee, Arnold, Study of history, 

Tfalker, Mildred. The quarry, 

Ylaugh, Evelyn. Handful of dust. 

♦''Tellman, Paul, !Talls of Jericho. 

*Kept in locked cabinet. May be obtained 
by applying at Personnel Office, 



The Executive Board advocates the in- 
clusion of tvra nev; columns as regular 
features in the Question Lferk. 

One column would carry suggestions for 
improvement in service to the public and 
also reports of "things done". In this 
column there vrauld be an exchange of ideas 
between the departments and branch librar- 
ies. An idea proven successful in one 
unit of the library might be helpful to 

The second column would contain a se- 
lected list of at-ticles of professional 
nattire appearing in any publication. This 
list might contain about ten items. 

Both of these columns should prove stim- 
ulating to the members of the staff. 

The Board presents these suggestions to 
the Publications Committee and further 
recommends that the committee be enlarged 
to handle the vrork which these two col- 
imns would entail. 

(Signed) Eleanor F. Halligan 


P ublished by, the Boston Public Library Profession al Staff Association 

II _ __ August-September 1947 No. 


August-September 1947 


The biggest excitement of the summer 
months in these parts has been the an- 
nouncement of the Dof errari gift to the 
Library. Fe are fortunate indeed to 
have found so munificent a benefactor. 
In a day \7hen wealthy men are devoting 
their benefactions to a care for the 
physical needs of humanity it is rare 
to find a man who remembers that the 
intellecttial needs of the community in 
which he lives also need to be satisfied. 

This gift will benefit the Library by 
helping it to maintain its position 
among the world's great libraries, and 
through the Library will profit the en- 
tire city of Boston which the Library 
serves. On the more personal level, we 
as en5)loyees of the Library have cause 
for jubilation in this gift, V^e need 
not mention the better working condi- 
tions which the lack of crov/ding due to 
a program of building expansion will 
bring to some of us. They are only too 
obvious. Less obvious, but none the 
less real, will be the increased oppor- 
tunity for professional development and 
increased ability to serve the public 
which endo\'.'ment v/ill make possible for 
all of us vrho help make it work, in no 
matter what capacity. IJr. Dcferrari has 
indeed been a benefactor to us all. 


And congratulations to !&•. John J. 
Connolly who has just been appointed a 
member of the Board of Trustees of the 
Nev/ York Polyclinic Medical School and 


New Staff Members 

Roger P. Bristol, Cataloging and 
Classification Department, Reference 

ITrs. Myra M. Prove, Cataloging and 
Classification Department, Reference 

Tfrs, Jane K. Potter, Fine Arts De- 
partment . 

Barbara M. Dydek, Print Department. 

Ellen LI. Donahue, Book Stack Service. 

Jean D. Lamb, Rare Book Department. 

F. Carolyn Doyle, Cataloging and 
Classification Department, Reference 

George J. Lazar, Book Stack Service. 

Nicholas Nichols, Book Stack Service. 

Jfery L. Robertson, Rare Book Depart- 

Katherine M. Kiely, South End Branch 

Mary L. Duran, Charlestovm Branch 

Ruth M. Gomes, Dorchester Branch 

Engagements , I/Iarriages , and Births 

Announcement has been made of the 
engagement of Palmira Piciulo, Catalog- 
ing and Classification Department, 
Reference Division, to Chester A. S. 
Fazakas, Branch Issue Depart:nent. 

Iphigenia Loomis, Jeffries Point 
Branch Library, was married to Louis 
Fillios on June 15, 1947. 

Rita Howley, Connolly Branch Library, 
ivas married to John G. Fitzgerald on 
August 9, 1947. 


Ifolly Tansman, Mattapan Branch Library, 
vre.s married to Jack Terban on September 
7, 1947. 

ISr, and Ilrs. ''Tilliam Morrissey (former- 
ly Beatrice Gould, Parker Hill Branch 

Library) annoimce the birth of a daughterj as to her high qualifications for the 

born September 9, 1947. 


Marie E. Murphy, Charlestovm Branch 
Library to Parker Hill Branch Library. 


Honor McCusker, Rare Book Department, 
to accept the position of Librarian, 
Information Library, The Hague, The 

Virginia McAvoy, Science and Technolo- 
gy Department, to v/ork in a special 
library at Massachusetts Institute of 

Jean Bruce, Roslindale Branch Library, 
to attend Simmons. 

Edward J. Niland, Periodical and 
Newspaper Department, to accept a teach- 
ing position in the Lav/ School, Santa 
Clara University, California. 

Ruth Fishburne, Mb. Bowdoin Branch 
Library, to accept another library posi- 
tion in New York City. 

Dorothy Tierney, City Point Branch 
Library, to accept a position in the 
U, S. Navy Line School Library, Nev.-port, 
Rhode Island. 

Ida A. Lubell, Personnel Office, to 
attend secretarial school. 

Mrs. Marcella McConville, Business 
Branch Library, moving a\¥ay from Boston. 

Ifrs, Phoebe S. McDonough, General 
Reference Department, to remain at home. 

Mrs. Jane Jeffers, Print Department, 
to remain at homeo 

William Faherty, Business Office, to 
enter army. 

Ret\;irned from Mlitary Service 

George E. Ear ley. General Reference 


'''fhile vre are all no doubt envious of 
the opportT-inity to see the V7orld which 
Miss licCusker's new position offers her, 
there can be no doubt in anyone ' s mind 

post which she is about to assume as 
Librarian at The Hague. ""Tith a Ph.D. in 
English Literature from Bryn Ifeiwr and 
eleven years experience in the Rare Book 
Department of the Boston Public Library, 
not to mention a wide background in 
European languages, it vrauld be hard to 
find a person better fitted for the posi- 
tion. At the Library we shall all feel 
her loss. She is a loss not only to her 
department but also to her colleagues 
who have profited by her ever ready help 
and by contact with a mind at once 
scholarly and in tune with the problems 
and interests of those v/hom she 
worked. The Ques tion Mark is also in 
her debt for the fine vrork she did as the 
first chairman of the Publications Com- 
mittee and Editor of ovar paper. Our best 
wishes go rath her. 


The chairman of the Publications Com- 
mittee v/ishes to announce the names of 
the now expanded committee as follows: 

Mary Daly, Statistical Department. 

Charles L. Higgins, General Reference 
Department . 

Pauline ""''innick, Codman Square Branch 

Sarah ""^ Flanncry, History Department, 

It is v/ith regret that we announce the 
resignation of Ifrs. Phoebe S. McDonough 
who has assisted us so ably and patient- 
ly since the beginning of the year. 



Those of you v/ho have suggestions for 
books for the Staff Library may leave 
yovr ideas (or the expression of them on 
paper) in a box v/hich rail be provided 
for the purpose in the Staff Library. 
Branch people may send in their sugges- 
tions in care of Miss Editha Ewing, 
Personnel Office. If you vdsh to have 
the kind of books you want to read in 
the library the best way to do so is to 
vjrite in your own suggestions. Remember 
it is your library for your pleasure and 
benefit. So speak up and the Library 
Comiiittee assures us that they are only 
too anxious to have a library that will 
represent and serve the interests and 
tastes of all. 


Last June some travelling librarians 
headed for the wild and wooly ''Test. 
They set off in small groups, two, three, 
four or sometimes more. They started 
off on different days on different 
schedules, but with itineraries cliitched 
tightly in hand, they arrived at the 
Conference together — strangely enough. 
These small caravans vreighted dovm mth 
various paraphernalia had diverse ex- 
periences. Needless to say, various 
articles of clothing were lost here and 
there, trains vrere delayed by floods, one 
group vra.s stranded in the desert, others 
spent a sleepless night v/aiting for 
train berths that were already occupied 
only to arrive sleepy-eyed at a hotel 
that had lost their reservations, I"!any 
had thoughtfully planned their ivardrobe 
for months in advance, dutiftilly packing 
cottons for California and woolens for 
the great Northv/cst. The cottons had 
an enjoyable American tour inside trunks 
and only came to light vrhen unpacked on 
a typical tropical July day — back in 
Boston. Suitcases were early casualties. 
It v/as heartwarming to see the fervor 
vdth \7hich porters tossed shining new 
v/ardrobe cases on cement platforms vrhence 
they bounced merrily into the arms of 
the station porter--a man who usually 
v/asn't there. 

One interesting group had managed to 
have reservations in a San Francisco hotel 
of the super class A rating. For one vreek 
they would enjoy the luxury and sumptuous 
living of those who cut coupons instead 
of Ipookjackets as a chore. The great day 
arrived. They were ushered into the lush 
hotel lobby. They prayed fervently that 
the reservations had been held. The hotel 
clerk clicked his fingers, bellhops sprang 
into action, and off they marched Indian 
fashion dorm the first corridor. At the 
end of this lengthy hike they were ushered 
into an elevator, and dorm, dorm they r^ent 
to another corridor, dovm. another elevator 
another corridor until they reached sub- 
terranean depths. There were the long 
awaited rooms — cubicles painted in a 
sickly green with room for only one per- 
son—standing. ■'Teary from the long jour- 
ney through the hotel they were too tired 
to protest. During the ensuing days, they 
spent many hours in the upper lobbies, 
shops and cafes, but at night like veri- 
table Cinderellas rdth map and compass 
they laboriously made their xvay back to 
their tiny cubicles. 

Some early birds went to a typical 
California Brealcfast on the Air and found 
themselves revmrded with flowers and 
candy for their brilliant and ratty rep- 
artee. One member casually sat dovm. in 
a dining car and found herself sitting 
vdth none other than Alan LaddJ Happily 
many discovered their fellow workers were 
quite charming people to live rdth; as 
yet, no broken bones, hair-pulling nor 
hysteria has been reported. 

recent mtbrial of professional 


To those who have not yet seen the re- 
vived HARVARD LIBR/iRY BULLETIN (Periodical 
Room) vre recommend very strongly an ex- 
amination of the two 1947 issues. The 
BULLETIN is unique in current library 
literatiu-e. Although it naturally mil 
have its strongest appeal to university 
librarians, many of its articles and notes 
have a general appeal, if only by exten- 
sion. See particularly Spatial grovrbh in 
university libraries by Keyes D, Metcalf 
in the Spring number. 


The latest issue of the JOURA^AL OF DOCU- 
MENTATION, June 1947 (Periodical Room) 
carries a short but interesting article 
titled The Library of Congress printed 
cards ; some suggested improvements . 
These suggestions are from a British 
librarian and supplement many of the re- 
cent ideas on this subject. 

An excellent exposition of the Nat ional 
plan for public library servic e by J, S, 
Richards is to be found in the latest 
number of the A.L.A. BULLETIN. This is 
an atteii$)t to coordinate public library 
service on a national basis and it em- 
bodies the latest concepts in library 
planning. Optimistic as the plein may 
seem to some, a program such as this 
article outlines vn.ll be needed to pro- 
vide library service to the thirty-five 
million Americans now vdthout such serv- 


Further articles: 

Kirstein Library , an important hel p to 
b usiness men , by James J. Canavan, in 
BOSTON BUSINESS, June 1947, p. 109. 

The A.E.S . library takes the plunge 
(reclassification), by C. C. Campbell, 
in SPECIAL LIBRARIES, v. 37, p. 315-317, 
December 1946. 

tiicrofilm cataloging lacks system , by 
H, J. Jones and J. Hagen, in LIBRARY 
JOURNAL, V. 72, p. 505-507, April 1, 

Undergraduate co urse s in Library 
Science , Board of Education for Librar- 
ianship, A.L.A. BULLETIN, March 1947. 
A reply to this is in the September 
BULLET nJ, entitled Directi ons in Library 


At the meeting of the Exectitive Board 
of the Professional Staff Association 
on September 17 it vra.s decided to have 
a committee to study the personnel serv- 
ice rating. 

The duties of this committee as set 
dovm. in the minutes of the Board meet- 
ing are: "to study the personnel rating 
system, examine the comments of the em- 
ployees thereon, study the rating sys- 
tems in use and as used in other librar- 
ies and to present a report v.dth recom- 
mendations for changes at the first 
business meeting of the Association in 
the Fall," 

The members appointed to this commit- 
tee are : 

Aaron A. Starr, Book Purchasing De- 
partment . 

Ellen G. McGrath, Information Office. 

Diulia Capobianco, North End Branch 

Dorothy Shaw, Periodical and Newspaper 
Department . 

Marjorie Gibbons, Washington Village 
Branch Library, 

Mildred C. O'Connor, Cataloging and 
Classification Department, Reference 

George Earley, General Reference De- 
partment . 




Considering the request of a retired 
member of the staff to receive the 
QUESTION MRK each month, the Executive 
Board passed the following motion: 

"that the Chairman of the 
Publication Committee draw up 
a list of retired members of 
the Association to receive 
the Question Mark on request 
and that the Chairman of this 
Committee be reimbursed by 
the Treasurer for the Postage," 


Published by the Boston Public Library Professional Staff Association '_ 

II October 1947 Ho. 



Dear III*, Lord: 

At a recent meeting of the Executive 
Board of the Professional Staff Associa- 
tion I was authorized to forward for 
yoiar consideration tentative recommenda- 
tions for a proposed expansion of the 
Library's in-service training program. 

As it vra.s recognized by the Board that 
the present program aims primarily to 
meet the needs of those seeking to ful- 
fill the requirements of the qualifying 
and promotional examinations, it r/as 
suggested that the Administration might 
in addition sponsor, from, time to time, 
programs designed to meet the more gen- 
eral professional needs of the staff. 

The purpose of such programs would be 
to promote more vital and efficient li- 
brary service, and to stimulate profes- 
sional interest by bringing to the at- 
tention of members of the staff new de- 
velopments, and improved methods and 
techniques in their various fields. 

It was suggested that these programs 
might eventually be presented in differ- 
ent forms, such as, 

1, Courses 

2, Institutes 

3, Series of lectures by outstanding 
librarians, and other individuals 
v/ho have made substantial contri- 
butions in their fields that 
would be applicable to library 

In order to provide the maximum stimu- 
lus through the introduction of neiv 
ideas it was further suggested that it 
would be desirable that programs be con- 
ducted by individuals not in the en^jloy- 
ment of the Boston Public Library. 

Because of the many educational oppor- 
tunities offered locally it was also 
agreed that, for the most part, it would 
be well to limit courses to subjects not 
touched on by lo9al inntitutions, or, if 
so, not adequately keyed to library needs. 

Some of the fields in v;hich the 
Executive Board believes there to be po- 
tential staff interest include, 

1. Use of audio-visual materials, 
including programming, sources, 
physical problems, etc. 

2. Supervisory problems 

3. Reader guidance, individual and 

4. Refresher cournes in subject 

5. Training discussion leaders 

6. Community leadership 

7. Book reviev/ing 

8. Publicity, including fundamentals 
of design, sources, materials, 
and methods of display, layout, 

9. Preparation of reports and arti- 

10. Book arts 

Should these suggestions be considered 
practicable by the Administration, the 
Executive Board recommends that the 
Administration appoint a committee to 
discover whether sufficient interest 
exists among members of the staff to 
launch such a project, and to study the 
problems involved in these proposals. 

Sincerely yours, 

Louisa S. Motcalf 

President, Boston Public Library 
Professional Staff Association 



Professor Hov/ard Muinford Jones of 
Harvard will speak on "The Huckster and 
the Common Reader" at the fall meeting 
of the B.P.L.P.S.A., on Saturday evening, 
November 8th at 8 P.M. All v;ho heard Dr. 
Jones at the Sunday evening meeting of 
the New England Library Association at 
Swampscott laiovj- hov/ fortunate ito are to 
have this eminent professor, author, 
book critic and editor speak to us. If 
you missed it at Svvampscott, here is a 
repeat performance for the B.P.L.I All 
members of the Library staff are cordial- 
ly invited to attend and bring their 
friends. Refreshments will be served by 
the Entertainment Committee which con- 
sists of Mrs. Geraldine S. Herrick, 
Msses Rita Desaulniers, Marie Kennedy, 
Ethel Kimball, Margaret Munsterberg and 
Ollie Partridge. 


In a letter dated October 20th, 
Governor Robert F. Bradford states that 
he hopes it i/vlll be possible to make a 
"firm engagement" to speak to the B.P.L. 
P.S.A, sometime in November or December, 
An annoxmcement of the date rrill bo made 
as soon as possible after November 10th. 
This Trill probably be either a Saturday 
or preferably a Friday night. Don't 
make your dates too far ahead and miss 
the important honor of hearing our 

Eva J. Anttonen v/ritcs from the 
Benjamin Franklin Library in Mexico City 
the newsy letter: 

"»•• I have just returned from (of all 
things) the 8th Historical Conference of 
Mexico! I went more or less as an offi- 
cial representative of the Library— but 
I (and I think the other 300 delegates 
from all parts of Mexico and South 
America) had what I guess is called the 
time of one's lifei ""Jo went up to 
Durango, north^oT^Mexico in the Siorra 
Madres Occidentales, by ivay of a 

specially chartered Pullman train. Upon 
arriving in the city of Durango, we were 
all the guests of the Governor for two 
wonderful weeks, the official dance at the 
Municipal Palace, picnics or vrhat is 
called un dia del campo , banquets nearly 
every other night, etc. Upon the invita- 
tion of the Governor, I vi&s invited to 
visit the rural schools in the mountain 
districts, '"'e started off beautifully in 
the Governor's jeep vdth a very handsome 
chauffeur ... but ivithin an hour out of 
the city vre reached a river and the 
bridge v/as gone (for ages I guess) and so 
we had to say goodbye to the jeep and from 
that time on (for five days) I v/as mostly 
on horsebackl Mel ,.. If only you could 
have seen me hanging on as we crossed the 
river vdth my clothes hanging on too be- 
hind the horse in a pink and purple Oaxaca 
straw bagl But I had the luck to visit 
ancient Indian villages nobody ever gets 

to These are the Tepehuanes and the 

Tarahumasas. I adopted a whole little 
village called San Jose de Gracia. Also 
I had another exciting experience. An 
archaeological gentleman who was with us 
discovered a cave in which we fovind the 
remains of a very early civilization, '^e 
spent a day digging, finding bits of pre- 
Aztec pottery, strange bones, etc., even 
part of a wall with a mur' 1. All this 
will be eventually examined hy the Museum 
of Anthropology and vdll be an archaeolog- 
ical site of great importance. But it vras 
great fun to be on the spot vrhen it was 
first discovered... Enough abovrt my trip, 
except to say that I landed into the 
Mexican nevfsreel. My bangs did not look 
Mexican at all J 

"As to the library, we are novv' intricate- 
ly a part of the American Embassy. I have 
a picture I shall eventually send to you 
showing some of my children and Ambassador 
Thurston, Also recently we registered the 
4000th child. In honor of this event, I 
managed to find a magician, a v/onderful 
one who could dra.vr real rabbits out of 
hats, etc. The children were thrilled. 
It was just like a Mary Poppins dayl I 
am now up to my neck with Cervantes, 
This is the 400th anniversary of his birth' 
and of course I am going to celebrate it.«# 

"As to the Library Roof Top Zoo, we have 


added many, many new rabbits. And I 
have a hen that I am supporting. Her 
name is Melisande and I pay one peso a 
week for her keep, or rather to keep her 
out of the pot. She is a very extraor- 
dinary hen, most intelligent, everyone 
says, and also a strange Van Gogh 


It is the intention of the Constitu- 
tion Committee to submit the following 
amendments to the Constitution and By- 
laws to the Association at the November 
meeting, for its consideration and vote. 

Referendum One ; 

To amend Article III of the Constitu- 
tion hy striking out the words, "There 
shall be no dues," and substitute "There 
shall be nominal dues of ten cents per 
member, per month." 

Referendum Two ; 

To amend Article IV of the Constitu- 
tion so that it shall read: "The offi- 
cers of the Association shall be a 
president, a vice-president, a recording 
secretary, a corresponding secretary, 
and a treasurer." 

Consequent on which would follow these 
amendments: Article V of the Constitu- 
tion must be amended to read: "There 
shall be an Executive Board consisting 
of five officers of the Association and 
four members of the Association." 

Article VI of the Constitution which 
now reads in part: "Three members shall 
be elected on alternate years for two 
years" shall be altered to read; "Two 
members shall be elected on alternate 
years for tv;o years." 

Article I (duties of officers) of the 
By-laws shall be amended as follows: 
The whole of section 3 as it now stands 
shall be struck out and the follov/ing 
substituted; "Article I — section 3a — 
Recording Secretary. 

It shall be the duty of the recording 


(1) to keep the minute's of all meetings 
of the Association and of the Executive 

(2) to send to each bibliothecal unit 
of the service a copy of the minutes of 
each meeting of the Association, 

- — section 3b— Corresponding Secretary 

It shall be the duty of the correspond- 
ing secretary 
*(2) to prepare notices of all meetings 
of the Association, and to send a copy, 
for posting to each bibliothecal unit of 
the service at least one week previous to 
the date set for the meeting." 

The Committee would like at this time 
to call the attention of the membership 
to the suggestions made by it at the I,lay 
meeting, concerning the increase of the 
pov.'ers of the Executive Board. A copy is 
appended below for the benefit of those 
members who might make preparation to act 
on these suggestions at the November 
meeting J 

Report of the Committee o n Constitution 

and By-laws 

The Committee wishes to report that to 
dete, it has received no suggested revi- 
sions or amendments to the Constitution 
or By-laws. 

However, the Committee would like to 
recommend that the membership take under 
advisement the question of v^rhether it 
wishes to alter the By-lav;s in at least 
two directions. The Committee wishes 
this recommendation to be read into the 
minutes as a recommendation only, not 'as 
a proposed By-law or amendment; and it 
would rather not hav? the membership take 
action at this particular meeting (23 May 
194-7) as there does not seem to be a suf- 
ficent nvunber present, but rather, to 
withliold discussion until the next meet- 
ing at which time, the Committee will 
again bring the matter forvrard. 

To take the simpler matter first. 
Article III, section 2 (c) of the By-laws 
reads: "Election of officers sliall be 
determined by plurality of all votes 
cast." This obviously leaves no provision 
* (l) to conduct the correspondence of 
the Association. 


as to vrhat to do in case of a tie vote, 
as ims very nearly the case in the last 
election in v/hich a margin of one vote 
separated candidates. The situation of 
the tie is quite conceivable. 

The second point concerns Article II, 
part (b) of the Revised By-lavre, concern- 
ing the duties and povrers of the Execu- 
tive Board. It reads: "It shall be the 
duty of the Executive Board to consider 
all matters affecting the common inter- 
ests and v;elfare of the Association and 
to recommend to the Association such 
action as the Board deems wise." Now 
this limits the power of the Board sole- 
ly to recomTiendation, with no power of 
action. This vrould seem to be a wise 
and democratic procedtire to reserve the 
power of action to the membership itself. 
However, during the recent months in the 
matter of the Certification and State 
Aid bills, the Board found itself with 
its hands tied. Vlhen the situation 
arose, the Board took a poll of the mem- 
bership to determine if any action was 
to be taken on the bills, but by the 
time the poll was counted the situation 
had changed considerably, leaving the 
Board as it were "holding the bag". The 
Board felt tongue-tied and suffered 
criticism on all sides. 

Therefore we recommend that the mem- 
bership give serious consideration to a 
possibility of extending Executive Board 
powers. Since the matter is quite a 
serious one, vie believe that it should 
not be acted upon hui-riedly. Rather \':e 
recommend that no discussion take place 
until next meeting, thus giving the 
membership the intervening months to 
mull the recommendation over. Also, 
since I am a member of the Executive 
Board (and in this I express the v/ish of 
the Board) I v/ould prefer that any ac- 
tion decided upon at the November meet- 
ing, be not effective until after next 
election, as the Board has no desire to 
leave itself open to charges of nepotism, 
simony or other crimes against the com- 
mon good. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Eamon McDonough 

Chairman, Constitution Committee 


Colum, Mary. Life and the dream. 

Or urn, Bart ley. Behind the silken curtain. 

Fischer, J. '"Iiy they behave like 

Hinl:son, P. Irish gold. 

Hobson, V. Gentleman's agreement. 

Keith, A. Three came home. 

Kieran, J. Information please almanac. 

Lewis, S. Kingsblood Royal. 

Jackson, L. Organization and adminis- 
tration of a special library. 

Prouty, 0. Home port, 

Roy, G. Tin flute. 

Sartre, J. No exit. 

Shaw, G. Nine plays, 

Shute, N. Chequer board, 

Steinbeck, J, Vfayivard bus. 

Smith, H, Koussevitslry, 

Yank. The G.I. story of the war. 



Abraham Kalish, president of Boston 
Library Local 731, described his vrork 
v/ith trade unions at the Boston Public 
Library in a panel on -workers education 
at the convention of the American Fed- 
eration of Teachers held in Boston in 
August . 



At the registration desk of one of the 
Branch Libraries, an ex-G.I. and ex- 
Vermonter v/as making application for a 
card. He answered with forbearance the 
necessary questions: where he lived and 
vdth whom, what he did and at what 
address, whom he knev;: He signed his 
name almost vrillingly, and then, with a 
smile that seemed to come suddenly from 
the south of France, certainly not from 
Vermont, said, "Now tell me about you..." 

A vrord about practical techniques in 
public relations. Those of us in Branch 
Libraries can testify to the evidence of 
an increased birthrate. There are more 
pre-schoolers than shopping bags, almost. 
And in the library they like to express 
themselves: they yammer, yo^Tl, hoot, and 
even halloo as if in a responsive tunnel. 
Their mothers, well-read as they are in 
the 136,7 's and 649 »s, allow them this 
simple pleasure. 

And the Librarians? Shall vre condition 
the impressionable children against 
Librarians by quieting them, hoivever 
gently, while Mother looks on, outraged? 
Or shall w© speak to Mother, who either 
demonstrates her marginal control of the 
offspring or quite vehemently vdshes her 
young to be vdthout frustrations or re- 
fuses to see or hear them at all, in the 
library. (Mind you, we have wonderful 
exceptions, some days.) 

To illustrate: a young child v/as 
busily banging the catalog drawers, to 
the annoyance of the public, when the 
Children's Librarian, standing beside 
the child a vdiile in order not to take 
him unaimre, said, "If you play vdth the 
drawers that way, you are going to hurt 
your fingers." Mother hurried over, 
bristling, "Let him hurt himself, then 
he won't do it againi" 

There is no conclusion. People and 
their children are more fun than anybody. 

Complete compensation is hereby prom- 
ised tliose patient assistants who sched- 
uled the use of '"'ebster's Unabridged to 
all the contest-happy hopefuls yearning 
to make big peanuts out of little ones. 
They may read, if they haven't yet, 
Thurber's "Here Come the Tigers" in the 
New Yorker, August 23, 1947, p. 23, 

P, '1. 


Dear Editor: 

It seems to me that it is time some- 
thing TTas done about the potty thievery 
that has become increasingly prevalent in 
staff areas of the Central Library of re- 
cent months. Accovints of irhat has been 
going on are enough to arouse the anger 
of any decent and honest-minded person. 
There is something despicable in the 
Icnowledge that staff members — both men 
and women — cannot leave things in the 
lunch rooms or iceboxes that have been 
provided for such collective use rdthout 
having them taken. Every vreel: there is 
the tale of a lunch being stolen from the 
men's locker room, a pound of butter, a 
half-dozen lemons, milk, or other foods 
being "lifted" from the women's icebox, 
shoes or rubbers or umbrellas stolen 
from the locker rooms. It is not alv/ays 
a case of carelessness on the part of the 
ovmer. One has to leave umbrellas and 
rubbers outside of lockers on rainy days, 
and since iceboxes have been provided for 
everyone, and they cannot be made v/ith 
chains or locked compartments, people 
must be able to bring their food and 
leave it in one common icebox vdthout 
fear of having it disappear before noon- 

More important and even more despicable 
are the reports of pockets being picked 
periodically on the way to and from the 
pajr line, of bags searched, and money 
talren on payday, ''"e admit that there is 
here a certain measure of carelessness in 
leaving purses lying around; but that 


atone for the fact that there are persons 
(or a person) among us v;ho haven't the 
decency or honesty to keep their hands 
off property that doesn't belong to them. 

It is had enough to have food stolen in 
these days when prices are high and some 
items are scarce, and to have money dis- 
appear from those v;ho have earned it and 
need it. But infinitely v/orso is the 
outrage to the integrity of the staff as 
a vrholo. The honor of all of us is be- 
ing made suspect. The honesty of any 
society depends upon the honesty of each 
of its members, ''Ihen some of those mem- 
bers are perceived to be dishonest, it 
is up to the group to single those fevr 
out and make loiovm to all the un\vorthi- 
ness of this part of the group. By this 
means alone can society as a whole pro- 
tect the properties of its members. 

I'm sure I am not alone in registering 
my indignation at the contemptible plun- 
derings of these petty pilferers. 


m nEm iiaterial of profess ioital interest 

The September 1 issue of the LIBRARY 
JOi.]PlNAL carries an interesting article 
by Charles M. Mohrhardt titled Detroit 
projects new research plan. Briefly it 
f.tcempts to set up a rational program to 
guide the Detroit Public Library in its 
relations \ the great industries of 
the metropolitan area. For many years 
the exact status and obligations of a 
public library in relation to the re- 
search programs of private bvisiness have 
been the subject of much thought in 
library circles. These specific pro- 
posals will do much to crystallize prac- 

Those on the staff v/hose r.-ork or in- 
terests dictate a loiov/ledge of reading 
machines will be interested in Mary A. 
Benn.ett's article Mew Microfilm re ading 
July 1947, p. 239). It is a short, lucid 
explanation of the nevrer types available 

with statistical data about cost and 

And lest our cataloguers be offended, 
we note the appearance of the prelimini- 
nary edition of the Rules for descripti-re 
cataloging in the Library of "Congress^ 
This 12 5 page brochure, issued by the 
appropriate division of L.C. recently, 
is intended to reflect the best practice 
in its respective field. Tith Icaowledge 
of the storm which greeted the A.L.A . 
Catalog Rules (l94l) , this observer 
cautiously refrains from any comment 
other than to express the hope that this 
"prelirainary edition" will very soon 
lead to another which rn.ll be "neither 
"tentative" nor "preliminary". 

C. L. H. 

An Australian Librarian, Ifr. R. M. 
Reilly, questions some of the CLirrent 
practices of public libraries in a pro- 
vocative article in the January 1947 
issue of the LIBRARY QUARTERLY, Library 
Evangelism and the Educational Functions 

of the Public Library . He feels that 
the indoctrination fo\md in some of the 
so-called foriuns and com:nunity centers 
defeats the democratic and literary 
functions and overlooks the broader and 
more cultural aspects of our educational 
responsibilities. The article ends with 
the challenging words, "Let the Librarian 
stay a Librarian, and give the people a 
chance to think." 

If. C. K. 


If time and opportunity had limited 
one to attending a single session of the 
Nov; Englani Library Association Confer- 
ence at Sv,rampscott, the session "Great 
responsibilities and great opporttmities," 
speakers, ¥t. Brotm and Tlr. Clapp, v.^ould 
have been a happy choice. Itr. Erov.Ti's 
talk follov:ed the usual form of the well- 
informed librarian speaking on a very 
familiar subject and high-lighting his 
ovm particular stock-in-trade. 


Mr. Brown mentioned a fev; of the activi- 
ties on which most libraries are concen- 
trating today and consequently his audi- 
ence sat back in their chairs very well 
pleased with themselves and with 1/fr. 

On the other hand l.Ir, Clapp placed all 
the emphasis of his words on a particu- 
lar library function "Bibliography" be- 
cause he feels that among most librarians 
"Bibliography" is the forgotten man, 
I'Ir. Clapp possesses excellent platform 
personality, a good sense of humor, a 
pleasing voice and remarkable mental 
alertness. He took his courage in both 
hands and ventured to tell the assembly 
hovr they were failing in their fulfill- 
ment of the responsibilities of their 
profession, "Subject specialists," says 
I'Ir. Clapp, "are outranlcing the librarian 
in consultations on a classification for 
special collections". Wr, Clapp ftirther 
clarified his statement, by explaining 
that the need is for bibliographies of 
recent publications rather than for ret- 
rospective bibliographies. The sincerity 
of Llr. Clapp 's appeal to direct attention 
and effort to this phase of librarianship 
was thought provoking and even inspiring. 
!'']hat librarian wishes to concede that 
other agencies can better execute the 
vrark for which he or she is especially 

A. H. 


Miss Evelina H, Olivier, Connolly 
Branch, was retired from the Library on 
September 30, because of disability due 
;o illness, A dinner party v/as held in 
her honor at Novak's Restaurant, 
Brookline, at r-hich the members of the 
staff of Connolly Branch Library pre- 
sented her with a suitcase. 

The many friends of Palmira Piciulo 
and Chester Fazakas were delighted at 
the news of their engagement. ''Te wish 

many years of happiness to both of you. 

The editor blushes with shame at hav- 
ing overlooked the arrival on 31 I&y 
1947 of Marie Ann O'Neil, daughter of 
It, and Mrs. B. Joseph O'Neil. Vie really 
meant to announce it earlier as we had 
heard all about it, but in a last minute 
rush somehow or other the note got filed 
in mth some order cards and not -/.dth 
our Question Mark material. 

'Te understand that Mrs. John Hankey 
(Anne Devlin) is en route to Helsinki 
to join her husband recently appointed 
naval attache there. 


The program committee offers these in- 
teresting letters from its file for our 
en j oj^Tiient ; 

"I am most appreciative of your invi- 
tation to address an evening meeting of 
the Boston Public Library Professional 
Staff Association and regret that T must 
decline. My calendar for the coming 
months is crov/ded and in fairness to the 
commitments I have made I can not con- 
sider any additional speaking engagements 
at this time. 

'' ITith all good ^vishes for the meetings 
of your Association, I am 

Very sincerely yours, 
(signed) James B. Conant 

"I feel highly honored by your invi- 
tation to address the Boston Public 
Library Professional Staff Association 
at some meeting this fall and the subject 
v/'hich you suggest is an interesting one, 

"Unhappily, my calendar is already 
filled up for practically the entire 


academio year vdth as many speaking en- 
gagements as I can possibly handle and 
far more than I ought to undertake in 
view of other duties. I shall therefore 
have to ask to be excused. 

"I am sorry that this has to be the 
ansvrer . 

Very sincerely yours, 
(signed) Karl T, Corapton" 

"I am a pig and obviously no librar- 
ian. I.fy only e::cuse has been that I 
pile my letters on my desk and wait for 
the big wind. It still is. I'm trying 
to T/vrite. And I have no secretary. And 
a lot of people who got into the habit 
of v/riting me when I had a secretary 
keep right on. And the result is that I 
am rude or appear to be so. I hope you 
v/ill forgive me. I can't possibly make 
speeches anywhere if I am to get on vdth 
vjhat I have to do. But I'm glad you 
vra.nted me to come. 

(signed) Archibald MacLeish 


H ew Staff Members 

Carlotta M. Vitali, Music Department. 
Jfery Ann Reeves, Science and Technology 
Department . 

A. Gertrude Barry, Personnel Office. 
Paul ■"'.'. Smith, Business Office. 

Helen M. Donovan, Jamaica Plain Branch. 

Ursula M. VcnZarsk, East Boston Branch. 

Frances B, O-Brien, Registration De- 

Jearr.e L. Fleming, Business Branch. 

"ZlizaT-ifth Burnett, Mvisic Department. 

Tjcuis lit Deraney, Science and Technol- 
ogy Department. 

Mrs. Cynthia M. Fanjoy, '''.''ashington 
Village Branch. 

I'lary A. Blute, Mattapan Bran£h,_ 

Frs, Frances C. Maguire, ""'ee^ Branch. 

B. Gertrude ""Tade, City Point Branch. 
Sigrid Robinson, Open Shelf Department. 

Mrs. Phyllis T\ Podren, Brighton 


J. Adele Rogerson, Business Branch, 
Mrs. Katherine S. Harris, Science and 

Technology Department. 

Catherine A. LaBonte, Connolly Branch. 
Mrs. Joan J. Eickhoff, 'Test End Branch, 
Ifrs. Suzanne P. Turner, East Boston 



Eamon E. McDonough, Cataloging and 
Classification Department, Reference 
Division, to General Reference Depart- 
ment . 

Mildred Adelson, Brighton Branch to 
Jamaica Plain Branch. 

Katherine M. Kiely, South End Branch 
to Roslindale Branch. 

Marriages and Births 

Sonia Greenberg, Business Branch, was 
married to Harry Tarlin on September 11, 

!,&•. and I.frs. Kelvin Ja announce the 
birth of a son, Hilton Ja. Mrs. Ja 
formerly worked in the Director's Office. 

AnnouJicement has been made of the en- 
gagement of Elizabeth FitzSiimnons, 
Business Branch, to David D. Scannell, Jr. and Mrs. Francis Scannell (Mrs. 
Scannell T/as the former Mary Donovan) 
announce the birth of a son Christopher, 
familiarly laiown as Kit, born at 6:30 
A.M. on Friday the 24th of October. 

Members of the staff attending Simmons 
College, School of Library Science 

Martin ''Waters, History Department, 

Esther Leonard, Teachers' Department. 

Marie Pineo, Mattapan Branch. 

James C. McGillicuddy^ Book Stack 

Gerald L. Ball, Science and Technology 

Helen Savakian, Information Office. 

Evelyn Levy, Brighton Branch. 

John H. Carroll, General Reference De- 


B. Joseph O'ileil, Periodical and "Revrs- 
paper Department. 

Retirement s 

Evelina M. Olivier, Connolly Branch, 
September 30, 1947. 


Robert 11. Blaisdell, Science and Tech- 
nology Department, to accept a teaching 

Phyliss Racette, Book Stack Service, to 
accept another position. 

Ivlrs. Jeanne Delaney Clancy, 'Test End 
Branch, to remain at home. 

Ifedeline A. Shav/, Book Stack Service. 

Mrs, Catherine Cuttle Boyer, 'Test 
Roxbury Branch, to live in '"ashington, 
D. C. 

Alice F. Morloy, Business Office. 


The Membership Committee of the B.P.L. 
P,S.A. announces the appointment of the 
following members of the staff as field 


1. Statistical, Patent, Periodical and 

Frank Bruno, Patent Room 

2. Open Shelf, Book Selection, Informa- 

Ruth Hichelson, Book Selection 

3. Cataloging and Classification (Refer- 
ence Division) 

Alice E, Hackett 

4. Book Purchasing 

Grace LI. I/Iarvin 

5. Business Office, Personnel Office 

Samuel Green, Business Office 
C* Branch Issue, Cataloging and Classi- 
fication (Circulation Division), Book 

Joseph Lynch, Book preparation 

7. Teachers, Young Peonies 

Esther Leonard, Teachers 

8. History (and Ilap), General Reference, 
Reference Supervisor 

Emilia Lange, General Reference 

9. Registration, Book Stack Service 

Ruth A, Foley, Book Stack Service 

10. Reference and Circulation Division 
Executive Offices 

Ruth S. Carmell, Circulation Divi- 
sion Office 

11. Science and Technology, Fine Arts 

■'-'''illiam DiRosario, pine jVrts 

12. Print, Music, Rare Books 

I&iriel C. Figenbaum, Print De- 

13. Trustee's Office, Director's Office, 
Records, Files, and Statistics 

Mary F. Nagle, Records, Files, 
ann Statistics 


Business Branch 
City Point 
Codman Sqtiare 
East Boston 

Fellov;es Athenaeum 
Hyde Park 
Jamaica Plain 
Jeffries Point 
Lower Mills 
I.ft. Bowdoin 
Mb. Pleasant 
Hep onset 
North End 
Orient Heights 
Parker Hill 
Phillips Brooks 
School Issue 
South Boston 
South End 
Uphams Corner 
'■"■ashington Village 
'■'est End 
'.Vest Roxbury 

Alice M. Buckley 
Ann Coleman 
'Tilliam Earley 
Mary Harris 
Helen O'Leary 
Pauline ■''".'■innick 
Ruth Riceman 
Ifergaret Morgan 
Dorothy Nourse 
Florence B. Darling 
Gladys ''"hite 
Sara Lycn 
Irene Tubfcle 
ChristJaiiei Jordan 
Mary C, Gilman 
Helen Sagoff 
■Vera Lehane 
i'iildred Kaufman 
Etta Lasker 
Ellen Peterson 
Dorothy Becker 
Marie R. Kennedy 
Elizabeth Kernachan 
Virginia Haviland 
Marion Herzig 
Irene 'Tadsworth 
Ann Connors 
Martha C. Ergler 
Taimi E. Lllja 
Mar j one Gi'bbons 
Nura Globus 
Pauline ''Tal^-er 


Friends of }!ts, Edna Langille, former 
Children's Librarian at Jamaica Plain 
who retired in June 194-7, vdll be inter- 
ested to Imow that she is sojoiirning in 
St. Petersburg, Florida, where she and 
her husband v.fill have an apartment until 

'Thile most of her time is spent sv;im- 
min^, daily, at sandy benches, white as 
povrdered su~ar, and enjoying Florida 
sunshine and soft breezes from the Gulf 
of Mexico, she still has had time to 
check on the library situation, and 
sends the follovdng items, 

St, Petersburg's main library is a 
beautiful building, surrounded by palm 
trees and well-cared-for grounds. The 
children's room is on the first floor, 
and has the advantage of an entirely 
separate entrance. All library enployees 
are on Civil Service. 

For the most part, the clientele are 
elderly retired people, keen and intelli- 
gent. Members of the staff are glad to 
give them personalized service, such as 
finding their glasses and reading diffi- 
cult fine print for them. A non-resident 
may get a card for two dollars, v/hich is 
refunded vrhen the borrower leaves. This 
entitles him to take six books for two 
weeks . 

Mrs, Langille still affirms, however, 
that there is no place like the good old 

T'e STAY-AT-HOMSRS are not as sorry for 
ourselves novr as we were in June when 
the LUCKY 26 left for adventures in the 

Thanks for giving us such a "super" 
party — serving us so much delicious food, 
sharing with us beautiful pictures of 
the places you visited, and shov/ering us 
with friendly hospitality. 

Tc loved it I 


Vol. II 

Published by the Boston Public Library Professional Staff Association 
November-December 1947 

Fo. 9 


As membBrs of the staff on one of the 
largest public libraries in the country^ 
vdth a budget which permits our giving 
good, if not perfect, service to the com- 
munity, the need for state aid to libraries 
may not be immediately apparent to some of 
us, ■'.','hen we think, however, of the com- 
parative inadequacy of the service in some 
other communities, the vrork of the Confer- 
ence on State Aid for Libraries in !!assa- 
chusetts assumes an importance v;hich 
makes it merit our support. 

Governor Bradford's remarks in his ad- 
dress to the Legislature ?!ay 5, 1947 
(Senate 569) emphasize the need for 
equalization of state aid — the principle 
of providing help -'here help is needed — 
a principle v.tiich 'Massachusetts has prac- 
tically ignored. Education is one of the 
fields in which such assistance must be 
given, according to the Governor, ""le as 
libr arians realize the educational im- 
portance of adequate library service. To 
quote Governor Bradford: "I laiow of no 
other state in the imion ivhich has done 
less than P'assachusetts in recognizing the 
res^Donsibility of those v;ho live in the 
wealthier communities to the people of the 
poorer ones. 

"I am well aware that equalization is 
seldom a popular issue. Yet it is an ob- 
ligation to point out to you the Common- 
wealth's vital concern with the less priv- 
ileged communities,.. Our citizens and 
taxpayers must realize that the high 
valuation municipalities ovto the same ob- 
li'_ation to the low valuation cities and 
tov.ns that the prosperous sections of any 
community are already contributing to the 
poorer sections of the same community. 
It is the grimy industrial area which 
makes possible the rich and beautiful 
suburb , " 

It is our duty as librarians to see that 
adequate library service, as an aspect of 
proper educational facilities, be pro- 
vided on a more equal basis throughout the 


Ne w Staff I'embers 

Louise r, Vogelhuber, Reference Division 

Esther R, Smith, North End Branch. 
Alberta M, Renzaglia, Business Branch, 
Grace M, Lynch, "r, Quinn's Office » 
Katherine T. ?'elavin. Business Office™ 
"^ary T, Savage, "est Roxbury. 
Rita J!, Doherty, Book Stack Service. 
J'ary J, Azadian, Book Stack Service, 
Clarinda A, Lawson, Tcience and Tech- 
nology Department. 

Jean "', Armstrong, Book Purchasing 
Department . 

Jean A, Ilorton, Roslindale Branch, ' 
Dorothy ■"", Ransom, "attapan Branch, 
Rita E, Susi, North End Branch, 
Claire ?!, Smith, Book Purchasing 

Lois Shoemaker, history Department, 

Returned from I'ilitary Service 

Sidney ''.einbor^. General Reference 
Department , 

Re-entered Service 

Lecntine '', ?'ilano. Cataloging and 
Classification Department, Reference Div, 
Bertha S, Smith, Business Branch, 

T ransfers 

Hary A, Blutej from Fattapan Branch to 
Brighton Branch, 


Corona Groves, from Memorial Branch to 
Mount Bowdoin Branch. 

Duilia Capobianco, from Horth End Branch 
to Connolly Branch. 

F. Laurelle West, from iTest Roxbury 
Branch to Phillips Brooks Branch, 

Ceased Service 

Alice F. Morley, Business Office, 
Sonia G. Tarlin, Business Branch, 
Jeanne L. Fleming, Business Branch, 
Beatrice G, liorrissey, Parker Hill 

Mary Q, Smith, Book Stack Service; 


Edith H. Bailey, Phillips Brooks Branch, 
Jferion M. Ellis, Jamaica Plain Branch, 
because of ill health. 


Elizabeth FitzSimmons, Business Branch, 
was married to David D. Scannell, Jr., on 
Saturday November 29, 1947, 

B.P.L. Represented in "Library Journal " 
for November 1947 ; 

Leonard Burkat appointed librarian, 
Berkshire Music Center, Lenox, Ifessa- 
chusetts effective October 1, 1947. See 
page 1612. 

John I!« Carroll under llevs Round-up 
(p. 1588) - comments on paper vncxtten at 
Simmons on "Modern State Aid to Library 
Programs in Relation to Massachusetts," 

New Arrivals 

Tv/in daughters vrere born November 26, 
1947 to Mr. and I!rs, ""''illiam P. Clancy, 
Ifrs, Clancy was Jean Delaney, in char;^e of 
Work T;ith Children at the ¥est End Branch, 

Mr, and Ifrs, Stanley J. Brooks announced 
the arrival of a son, Robert Stanley, on 
October 28, 1947. Ws, Brooks v/as Catherine 
Fraleigh, in charge of Work with Children 
at the Codman Square Branch Library, 

Li brary School Graduate 

Ruth Williamson, History Department, 
received her B.L.S. from Columbia Univer- 
sity, at the end of the 1947 summer session. 


On Monday evening, December 1, 1947, an 
informal dinner v/as held at the Harvard 
Faculty Club in recognition of j;trs. Hary 
Watkins Dietrichson's retirement as Busi- 
ness Branch Librarian. The present staff 
of the Business Branch was joined by for- 
mer BE staff members and by those persons 
at the Central Library with v;hom J'rs, 
Dietrichson has been associated dviring 
the years. There was a total of forty- 
four in attendance. 

Those former staff members and associates 
T;ho vrere unable to be present sent mes- 
sages and greetings which will be mounted 
in a scrapbook for Ilrs, Dietrichson. This 
v;ill also contain the signatures of all 
those who vfere present plus photographs 
and snapshots of the children of former 
staff members. A very beautiful purse of 
lizard skin was presented to lirs. Diet- 
richson for which she responded very 
graciously and sincerely. The remainder 
of the evening was devoted to visiting 
and chatting and provided a most welcome 
opportunity for renevang friendships and 
catching up on "alumni news." 

?Trs, Dietrichson has been in library 
work for thirty-five years — the past 
thirty-one years in business libraries. 
She organized the Minneapolis Business 
Branch in 1916 and remained there until 
1927 when she came east. The following 
year she spent at the Harvard Business 
School Library and then became Chief of 
■the Statistical Department, 1926-1930. In 
1930, she organized the Business Branch 
and has directed its grovrt;h and develop- 
ment since that time. Her resignation be- 
comes effective December 31, 1947, but she 
will be on vacation after December 2, 

For Mrs, Dietrichson during her years of 
retirement we v/ish continued and ever-in- 
creasing happiness and a life enjoyed to 
its fullest. 


Read the New Program at the University 
of Denver by Harriet E, Howe (referring to 
the experiment in library training being 
undertaken there) in the November, 1947, 
ALA BULLETIN. It describes a nev/ approach 
to library education and deserves study. 

And v.'hile it is not professional :naterial^ 
v/e cannot urge too strongly that everyone 
read To Secure These Rights. This is the 
reporT"of the President's Committee on 
Civil Rights published recently by the GPO 
and Si^non and Schuster at $1.00, It is 
basic to an understanding of the minority 
problem in this country. 

ffiss Edna Ifee Brovm has vn-itten a short 
article on Nev/ Periodicals of 1947-Part I. 

in the October issue of COLLEGE AND RE- 
SEARCH LIBRA^RIES. Mass Brovm provides a 
more readable account of activity in this 
field than is available elsewhere. 

Some of you may have missed the exchange 
of letters anent library purchase of best- 
seller fiction printed in the November 8, 
1947 issue of SRL in the Letters to the 
Editor section (p. 22), Short and interesting. 

Among the many excellent articles in the 
July, 1947, issue of LIBRARY QUARTERLY is 
one entitled The Reorganization of the 
Book Trade in Germany by Felix Reichraann, 
This is a vivid picture of the suffocation 
of the pre-war German book trade, and the 
innimerable difficulties hindering its re- 

C. L. H. 


The B.P.L.P.S.A. will have a theatre 
night on Friday January 16th to see the 
"Doll's House" by Ibsen, at the Tributary 
Theater. The first ten rows of seats in 
the balcony have been reserved for us. 
These one hundred seats, priced at $1.20, 
will each net our treasury $,50. Please 
mc.ko your reservations nov; with your staff 
representative. The money will be collected 
in Jaaauary v/hen the tickets are delivered. 
Plan noi7 for an evening of good entertain- 
ment, good theatre and good profit both 
for you and the Association, 


Ditzion, Sidney H, Arsenals of a demo- 
cratic culture. 

Green, Samuel S, The public library move- 
ment in the United States, 

Hanley, Edna R, College and university 
library building. 

Hirshberg, Herbert S. Subject guide to 
government documents. 

Lowe, John Adams. Small public library 

Mahony, Bertha E,, and others, comps. 
Illustrators of children's books, 

Moshier, L. Marion, The small public 
library; organization, administration, 

U.S. Library of Congress. Descriptive 
cataloging division. Cooperative cat?- 
loging manual, 

'''Yheeler, Joseph L. The American public 
library building, 

Anderson, Sherwood, Winesburg, Ohio, 

Bodley, R. V. C. The quest, 

ComjTiission on freedom of the press. A 
free and responsible press, 

Costa in, Thomas, The moneyman, 

Dreiser, Theodore. Sister Carrie, 

Guthrie, A, B, Tha big sky. 

Heraingivay, Ernest, Farevrell to arms. 

Red Sox, the bean and the 

Hirshberg, Al, 

Lancaster, Bruce. 
Lemsohn, Ludv.lg. 
Lieb, Frederick. 
Look. Nev; England 

Scarlet patch. 
Case of Tlr, Crump, 
Boston Red Sox, 


Marm, Thomas, Essays of three decades, 

Maugham, "W, Somerset. Creatures of cir- 

Northrop, F. S, C» Meeting of East and ''.'^est, 

Parrington, Vernon, Main Currents of 
American thought, 

Paul, Elliot, Linden on the Saugus branch, 

Robinson, TIenry M, Great Snow, 

Shellabarger , Samuel, Prince of foxes, 

Wertenbaker, Charles, Write sorrow on the 

Williams, Ben Mes, House divided. 

Bennett Cerf tells the follovang tale 
in the SRL for December 6: "Kenneth Ibberts, 
writes John H, Treanor, v:a.s scheduled to 
give a lecture in the auditorium of the 
Boston Public Library one evening last 
winter, '''.'hen the night arrived, there v/as 
a moderate snowstorm in progress. About 
five o'clock he phoned the library fro^n 
his home in I^aine and said that because of 
the storm he v.'ould have to cancel the en- 
gagement, 'VJhatl' exclaimed the librarian, 
'The man v/ho rn'ote 'Northivest Passage' 
can't brave txTo inches of snorr?' Mr, 
Roberts kept the appointment..." 

On November 29th ''•'iss Betty FitzSimmons 
of the Business Branch became the bride of 
David Scannell at a Nuptial Mass at St, 
Thomas Aquinas Church, Jamaica Plain, She 
had as her attendant her sister. Miss JeEOi 
FitzSimmons, The vredding vra.s follo^Ted by 
a reception for the immediate families of 
the bride and groom. After their honey-' 
i^oon at Sea Island, Georgia, Mr, and "rs, 
Scannell v.dll live at Park Drive in Boston, 


To the President of the Boston Public 
Library Professional Staff Association; 

I heartily favor the expansion of the 
library's in-service training program, as 
outlined in the October "Question Mark", 

In addition, I ivould like to have "pro- 
grams designed to meet the more general 
professional needs of the staff" presented 
at the alternate evening meetings, instead 
of the social meetings. In this vay, the" 
Association would reach a larger audience. 
Because of the many opportunities in Bos- 
ton to hear nationally known speakers on 
all kinds of subjects, I think it is more 
pertinent for the Association to present 
programs on library science. Perhaps the 
librarians who have spoken at the I-^.L-A/. 
or A.L.A. meetings could give the same ad- 
dress to the B.P.L, Personally, I would 
rather hear Miss Day of Lynn, Miss Meade 
of Vfinchester, or Miss Hyatt of Fitchburg 
speak on a specific phase of library vrork, 
than a nationally knoi.m figure speak on a 
subject distantly related to library scieioee 

In regard to the report of the Committee 
on the Personnel Rating Sheet, I hope that 
the report v/ill state the various reasons 
v/hy the Committee believes a personnel 
rating is beneficial to the employees and 
to the library service, I think a digest 
of the Committee's study v.oDuld be enlighiv- 
ening to the many members, T;ho, at presen^^ 
favor abandoning the rating procedure. In 
fact, if the report should fail to con- 
vince a large majority of the employees of 
the desirability of a personnel rating, 
then perhaps the Staff Association could 
devote an evening meeting for additional 
information and discussion. Here again, 
perhaps, librarians outside of the B.P.L, 
would be helpful. 

Sincerely yours, 
Helen F, Hirson 
West Roxbury Branch, 



On Saturday, November 1, Miss Farjiy Gold- 
stein celebrated her 25th anniversary as 
librarian of the ''Test End Branch. The oc- 
casion vreis marked by a luncheon in her 
honor, complete vdth a silver jubilee calce 
and flovfers, ~iven "by members of the staff, 
past and present, Flov/ers, telej;rans and 
cards kept arriving all afternoon from her 
many friends in Boston and in other parts 
of the country, and indeed the congratula- 
tory messages have not stopped coming yet. 


November 26, 1947 

Dear I.Iiss Nourse, 

I am sorry that the pressure of State 
business in December, just previous to the 
opening of the new session of the Legisla- 
ture, has made it necessary for me to cut 
my outside schedule to an absolute minimum. 

The entire month — including evenings 
as vrell as the hours of the usual busi- 
ness day — rdll be almost fully occupied 
"ith the necessary conferences, previous 
to the opening of the nev: Legislature, liiat 
must be held vdth scores of Department 
Heads and Commission Chairmen, 

For this reason, I regret that I vd.ll be 
unable to accept your kind invitation to 
speak to the Boston Public Library Staff 
Association in December, 

Sincerely yours, 

Robert F. Bradford (signature) 



The committee vdshes to report that v.-p 
to the present time it has received no pro- 
posals for amendments from the membership 
at large. Hovrever, acting on the sugges- 
tion of the ercecutive board, the comrait'cee 
has prepared t;vo amendments v^hich it is the 
committee's intention to propose in the 
order of nev/ business. 

As r;as announced in the Ques tion Mark ^ 
these amendments are concerned (l) vdth 
the creation of a new officer, to be known 
as a corresponding secretarjr and (2) vdth 
a proposal for placing a dues on member- 
ship. This last is, we realize, a course 
of action distasteful to all^ nevertheless, 
it is a prospect that m.ust be faced. Our 
present financial situation is far from 
Titable, ■'.Te have no regular source of in- 
come. In lieu of any other solution for 
Meeting current e:-:penses, this matter of 
dues is being proposed. 

As to the suggestions in our previous 
report about increasing the powers of the 
e::ecutive board and altering the method 
of determining election, no flood of pro- 
posals has come streaming in to the com- 
mittee. Since we do not msh to vindertake 
the initiative in such a matter, the com- 
mittee vdll pursue the subject no fuTther^ 

Respectfully submitted. 
The Constitution CoiTtmittee 
Eamon IIcDonough, Chairman. 


The Staff Library Book Recommendation 
Committee has met once a month except in 
July and August, 

In recent months there has arisen some 
question as to the suitability of certain 
books being selected for the Staff Librar/j 
For instance : there has been doubt as to 
the advisability of building up the col- 
lection by the addition of classics; there 
has been honest doubt as to the need for 
certain titles vz-hich v/ere not clearly in 
the realm of recreational reading. In 
order to have definite information upon 
vrhich to base the selection, it v;r.s de- 
cided to poll the staff in an attempt to 
ascertain what the members really v/ant. 
The results are erctrei.iely interesting and 
appear to confirm the impressions of the 
Committee, although the information has 
not yet been tabulated and studied, '"Then 
this has Been done, conclusions vdll be 


A recent inquiry concerning the outcome 
of the suggestion to substitute a metal 
grill or glass doors for the locked case 
containing "starred" books brought a -prxippt 
reply from Mrs, Tright that glass doors 
vri.ll soon be installed. 

The matter of a printed, up-to-date list 
of all the books in the Staff Library is 
again being investigated, but no decision 
has been reached. 

liaugham, ".", Somerset. Of human bondage, 
Mitchell, Margaret ► Gone vdth the r/ind. 

Nicholson^ ?Ieredith. 

House of a thousand 

Kordhoff, Charles B., and J. II. Hall, 
High Barbaree, 

Ravrlings, Marjorie, The yearling. 

Since January 1, 1947, books to thexoluet Shellabarger, Samii.el, Captain from 
of $344,00 have been added to the library,' Castile, 
while those still on order amount to '''ISS.OO, 

Respectfully submitted, 
Geraldine Altman 
Chairman, Staff Library Book 
Recommendation Committee 

AS Q?' 1 DECEMBER 1947 

Bottome, Phyllis . Mortal storm, 

Bristow, Gwen, Handsome road. 

Bronte, Emily, '"'uthering heights. 

Buck, Pearl. Dragon seed. 

Buck, Pearl, Today and forever. 

Gather, "'.'ilia. Shadov;s on the rock, 

Davenport, Marcia, Valley of decision, 

Douglas, Lloyd, The robe, 

Du Mauri er. Daphne, Frenchman's creek, 

Du Maurier, Daphne, King's general, 

Du Mauri er. Daphne, Rebecca, 

Freedman, Benedict, and Nancy Freedman, 
Mrs, Mike, 

French, Joseph L,, ed. Detective stories. 

Innes, Michael, Unsuspected chasm. 

Marsh, George, Ask no quarter. 

Shute, Nevil, Chequer board, 

TTalpole, Horace, Castle of Otranto, 

■■■"ellesj Winifred, Lost landscape, 




The children of the Connolly Branch 
district viere the guests of the Jamaica 
Plain Somen's Club at a Christmas party 
held at the branch on Monday afternoon 
December 22. Each of the 217 children 
who attended the party were given a gift 
by Santa Glaus (in person) and were pro- 
vided with bags of candy and ice cream, 
r'ickey Palmer's orchestra played Christmas 
carols and children's songs which added to 
the merriment. Arrangements for the parb>'' 
were made by Miss Margaret Calnan, Branch 
Librarian, and Miss Ruth Riceman, in 
charge of Children's "^ork at the branch. 

The Connolly Branch Library held its 
annual staff Christmas party on Saturday 
afternoon, December 20, in the lecture 
hall of the Branch. Among those present 
were 3 staff members who recently left the 
library's service: Miss Evelina Olivier, 
N!rs, Anne I'urray, and I!rs, Janet Langen- 
doen. Each of the guests, which included 
the custodian and the extras as well as 
"regular" staff members, agreed that it 


v/as the gayest staff party to date... and 
the food v/as delicious I 

Ifrs, Jean Ann Horton of Roslindale Brano4 
temporarily at Connolly, rdll leave for 
New York on Decenber 24, to spend the 
Christmas holidays mth her family. I'iss 
Ruth Riceman, Connolly Branch, vdll spend 
the Cliristmas holidays in Hew York City, 


The Nominating Committee of the Boston 
Public Library Professional Staff Associa- 
tion has had a very discouraging response 
in its quest for nominees for the titular 
offices of the Association, A great num- 
ber of members have been asked, but they 
have refused because of outside work, 
school, or membership on other committees. 
A representative nxmoer of nominees in the 
Branches have also been asked. Members 
accepting nominations have been most co- 
operative. The Nominating Committee re- 
spectfully submits the following list of 
nominees : 


Carles L. Higgins, General Reference 

Eamon E. McDonough, General Reference 

Vice-President ; 

Julia II, lianning. Rare Book Department 
Evelyn B. I/Iarden, Charlestovm Branch, 
B. Joseph O'Neil, Periodical and Ne\TO- 
paper Department, 


Dorothy P, Shaw, Periodical and News- 
paper Department, 

Ruth I, '.'illiamson. History Department 

Treasurer ; 

Ruth Hayes, Uphams Corner Branch, 
Beatrice Palmer, Dorchester Branch, 
Leonard Ilacmillan, Book Purchasing 

Executive Board ; 

Ilary D. Farrell, Cataloging and 

Classification, Reference Division, 
Geraldine S, Herrick, North End 


Helen Lambert, South End Branch. 
Catherine HacDonald, Personnel Office, 
llary Mannix, Parker Hill Branch, 
Helen Sagoff, I'lattapan Branch, 

Each of the nominees has signified his 
willingness to accept the nomination and 
to serve if elected. 

Very truly yom-s, 
Esther J. Leonard, 
Chairman, Nominating 


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