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«*E*eNce o»**2 

Published by the Boston Fublic Library Professional Staff Association 

Vol. HI January 1948 No. 1 


Yfe wish to call the attention of all 
to the notice concerning absentee ballots 
which appe-rs on the last page of this 
issue. The B.P.L.P.S.A. is intended to 
be and ought to be a group that repre- 
sents all of us. We cannot have the 
officers we wish to represent us unless 
we exercise our right to vote for the 
candidate of our choice. Not everyone, 
we realize, will be able to attend the 
business meeting on January 23 at 9 A.M. 
All of us, however, will be able to re- 
quest, mark, and return an absentee 
ballot. Anyone not expecting to attend 
the meeting should exercise this right 
and thereby have a voice in the affairs 
of the Association. 

As we go to press (how imposing that 
sounds) the news reaches us that the 
theatre party formed to attend the per- 
formance of Ibsen's Doll's House bids 
fair to be a howling success. Our entire 
block of tickets has been sold at a 
profit of over fifty-five dollars to the 
treasury. This is pleasant enough in 
itself, but with the number of congenial 
people gathered together that the sale of 
this number of tickets represents, the 
evening cannot but be an entertaining 
one. The Program Committee is to be 
congratulated on its success. Staff 
entertainment and a chance to get better 
acquainted with our colleagues is one of 
the aims of the B.P.L.P.S.A, and a not 
unimportant aim at that. From the social 
point of view as well as the financial, 
we are glad to see that this party prom- 
:s3s to be a success. 

New Staff Members 

Laura Abate, Reference Division Office. 

Julie C. Chittenden, West End Branch 

Mrs. Norma Eisengrein, Codman Branoh 

Earle A. Rankin, Music Department. 

Mary T. Crowe, Mattapan Branch Library. 

Veronica M. Flattich, Book Stack 

Jean E. Watson, Mr. Connolly's Office. 

Mrs. Arline B. Pilot, Roslindale 
Branch Library. 

William J. Garvey, Office of Records, 
Files, and Statistics. 

Resignations and Retirements 

Mrs. Margaret Lynch, Mr. Connolly's 

Carlotta M. Vitali, Music Department. 

L. Edward Sissman, Office of Records, 
Files, and Statistics. 

Mrs. Mary Wat kins Dietrichson, Business 
Branch Librarian, retired at the end of 
the year. 

Staff Babies 

Florence Newsome Adams, formerly a 
member of the General Reference Depart- 
ment, has a baby girl, born sometime in 
December and named Janet. 

Mr. and Mrs. Francis Myers announce 
the birth of a baby girl, Constance Alice, 
born on December 27, 1947. 

Mr. and Mrs. Roger Dufault announce 
the birth of a baby girl, Suzanne, born 
on November 9, 1947. 


Margaret E. Wright, Mt. Bowdoin Branch 
Library, to John W. Haverty. 

Gussene Guveyan, Cataloging and Classi- 
fication Department, Reference Division, 
to John N. Hatzik, of Cleveland, Ohio. 

Frances W. McGonagle, Book Selection 
Deoartment, Circulation Division, to 
William P. Kelley, Jr. 

Library Visitor 

Mr. John Metcalfe recently visited 
this library among others on his tour of 
the libraries in this country. He is 
Chairman of the Libraries Section of the 
Second General Conference of UNESCO re- 
cently held in Mexico City and comes 
from Sydney, Australia, where he is 
librarian of the Mitchell Library. 


Two allied publications are worthy of 
note this month. Both have special sig- 
nificance to members of the library pro- 
fession in New England. The first is 
CULTURE. (A.L.A., 1947). This is a so- 
cial history of the American public 
library movement in New England and the 
middle states from 1850-1890. A very 
readable account. The bibliography and 
notes are extensive and of great value. 

The second is a Ph.D. thesis (Univ. of 
Chicago, 1944) by Jesse H. Shera entitled 
IN NEW ENGLAND, 1629-1855. A very ex- 
haustive and scholarly treatment. While 
it is available at present only in 
typescript through inter-library loan 
channels, steps are being taken to see 
if some sort of reproduction cannot be 
obtained for the Staff Library, 

Those who like to keep up to date on 
events at the Library of Congress will 
be interested in the informal INFORMATION 
BULLETIN (Staff Library) published by 
that institution. In the main it seems 
to be the work of Mr. Evans and is pre- 
pared for the staff at L.C, Notable for 
its comments on L.C. publications, per- 
sonnel appointments, distinguished visi- 
tors, and summaries of reports and L.C. 
activities . 

1947) carries a series of articles de- 
scribing and evaluating the Great Books 
program which has been so well received 
in many large cities. Those who are not 
familiar with the scope and purpose of 
the project should place this issue at 
the head of their required reading. 

C, L. K. 


Each full time member of the staff re- 
ceived a questionnaire regarding the se- 
lection of books for the Staff Library. 
286 were checked and returned. As would 
be expected, the majority indicated a 
desire for recent books of fiction and 
non -fiction. Then, in order of prefer- 
ence came the following classes: 



History and travel 

Philosophy, psychology and 

Sociology, home and family 


Sports and hobbies 

Science and useful arts 


A surprisingly large number of requests 
was made for books in the fields of 
music, hobbies, handicrafts and home- 
making - subjects not represented in the 
Staff Library at this time. Some of the 
other suggestions, arranged according to 
the number of calls for each, are listed 

Starred titles 

Current literature in foreign 


Translations of foreign novels 
Home planning, building, and 


New books pertaining to materi- 
al needed for library exam- 
More copies of books used for 


Many requests were made for specific 
titles. A large number of these are on 
order, and some are already in the 
library. This would indicate that some 
staff members are not familiar with the 
resources of the Staff Library. 

Another type of suggestion concerned 
new types of materials for the library> 
e.g. current magazines, newspapers, and 
recordings. Of these, the greatest num- 
ber of requests was for current maga- 

Still another type of suggestion con- 
cerned library processes and methods. 
These include: getting new books while 
they are still new, having a longer loan 
period and more publicity for the 
library. Many urged glass doors for the 
locked case containing starred books. 
We're hapny to report that these have 
been installed. 

In general, the results of this survey 
recommend the policy which has been fol- 
lowed by the Book Recommendation Commit- 
tee in regard to the purchase of books, 
i.e., recent fiction including starred 
titles, recent non-fiction covering all 
classes listed on the questionnaire, and 
any older books in which there appears to 
be sufficient interest. 

The Committee is grateful to fellow 
staff members for the manner in which 
the questionnaire was received. AH 
suggestions have been thoughtfully 
studied and will be entrusted to the 
Staff Library Book Recommendation Com- 
mittee of 1948 for appropriate action. 

Respectfully submitted, 

(signed) Geraldine Altman 

Chairman, Staff Library Book 
Recommendation Committee. 


The results of the recent poll taken 
to determine the most convenient time on 
which to hold the Association business 







meetings are as follows: 

(1) Friday morning, at 9:00 

(2) Friday evening, at 7:30 


(3) Other times 

(4) No preference 

Eleanor Halligan, 

Readers of the Question Mark will be 
pleased to know that a book, "The 
Watercolor Drawings of Thomas Rowlandson" 
has just been published by the Watson- 
Guptill Publications Inc. The commentary 
was written by Arthur W. Heintzelman, 
N.A., Keeper of Prints, and there are 
fifty fine reproductions from the Albert 
H. Wiggin Collection in the Boston Public 
Library. AH of the original drawings 
used in the book were exhibited in the 
Wiggin Gallery during the month of Decem- 
ber, and may now be seen upon request in 
the Print Department. 

The Massachusetts Library Association 
Bulletin for January 1948 contains an 
article by Mrs. Irene H. Tuttle which 
gives the background of the Conference 
on State Aid for Libraries in Massachu- 
setts and outlines the work of the com- 
mittees . 

Muriel C. Figenbaum, First Assistant, 
Print Department. is among those artists 
exhibiting at the 2nd Biennial National 
Exhibition of Prints at the Print Club 
of Albany. She has also exhibited at 
the Library of Congress in Washington 
and at the National Academy in New York 
in the Annual Exhibitions of the Society 
of American Etchers. She is one of the 
charter members of the Boston Printmakers f . 
an organization which has recently held 
its initial meetings in the Wiggin 




Miss Ruth Cannell, Circulation Division 
Office, has succeeded Mr. Bradford Hill 
as the Boston representative on the 
A.L.A. Membership Committee. She will 
be glad to assist members of the staff 
who are joining the A.L.A. for the first 
time, and also present members who may 
wish to renew their memberships. 


It will be of greatest interest to the 
staff that our Keeper of Prints, Arthur 
W. Heintzelman, N.A., has been honored 
by the French Government by being awarded 
the medal of Chevalier de la Legion 
d'Honneur. This distinction was bestowed 
upon him on January 1, 1948 by the French 
Consul, Monsieur Albert Chambon at the 
French Consulate in Boston in the pres- 
ence of invited French and American 
guests . 

Mr. Heintzelman lived for many year3 
in France during which time he became 
prominent among the graphic artists, and 
held numerous exhibitions in museums and 
private galleries. He had the distinc- 
tion of having his exhibition at the 
Galerie Marcel Guiot in 1926 inaugurated 
by Mr. Miron Herrick, American Ambassador 
to France, the Ministre des Beaux -Arts, 
Paul Leon, and Jean-Louis Forain, a great 
French artist and one of the Immortals 
of the Institute do France. His work 
was reviewed favorably by such prominent 
critics as Gaston Varenne, Andre" Blum, 
Clement-Janin and Robert Rey, Conserva- 
teur du Musee du Luxembourg and profes- 
seur a l'Ecole du Louvre. Monsieur Rey 
wrote the text in a volume concerning 
the etched work of Mr. Heintzelman, pub- 
lished by the Crafton Collection, Inc., 
of New Yrok. 

Mr. Heintzelman is a Societaire ofthe 
Societe* Nationale des Beaux Arts, the 
Societe Gravure Originale en Noir and 
Les Graveurs Francais. He was active 
while in France in Promoting exchange 
exhibitions in the graphic arts between 
France and America, most notable of which 

was the exchange exhibition between the 
governmont of France and America, which 
was held at the Bibliothbque Nationale 
in Paris in 1927. 

His work is represented in many pri- 
vate and public collections in France 
most notably at the Luxemburg Museum and 
the Bibliotheque Nationale, and he ha3 
been awarded several gold medals and 
citations for the high standard of his 

Mr. Campbell Dodgson, when Keeper of 
Prints at the British Museum,wrote in the 
foreword of the complete catalog of 
"Arthur Wm. Heintzelman, Aquafortiste," 
published in Paris: 

"That the catalogue of the work of an 
American etcher, a catalogue 30 thorough 
and complete, so sumptuously illustrated, 
should appear in Paris, is a phenomenon 
which one may heedlessly take for granted, 
but which, if one reflects upon it, seems 
to call for explanation. The French do 
not readily pay such tributes to the 
artists of oth^r nations..." 

Many examples from Mr. Heintzelman 's 
brush, crayon, and needle are in the 
museums and private collections hero and 
abroad. His artistic career began at an 
early ago in Providence. Four yoar3 were 
spent at the Rhode Island School of 
Design from which institution he was 
awarded the Providence Art Club Scholar- 
ship, Trustees' Postgraduate Scholarship 
and the Alumni Travelling Scholarship. 
Two yoars of study in the capitals of 
Europe followed. Upon his return he 
specialized in portrait painting and 
taught for nine years, acting as head of 
the Fine Art3 Department of the Detroit 
School of Design and later as a member 
of the faculty of tho Rhode Island School 
of Design. In 1916 he entered the field 
of etching and drypoint. In 1921 Mr. 
Heintzelman took up his residence in 
Franco, returning to this country in 1936. 

Mr. heintzelman is a National Academ- 
ician who has v/on many important awards 
for his artistic work as well as numer- 
ous purchase prizes and honorable mentions. 

He is represented in the Metropolitan 


Museum, the Boston Museum of Fine Arts, 
Boston Public Library, British Museum, 
Victoria and Albert Museum, «, and the 
principal galleries throughout the United 
States and Europe. 


At a recent meeting of the Executive 
Board of the B.P.L.P.S.A. it suggested 
and approved that the Association borrow 
from A. L. A. Public Relations Headquarters 
the publicity scrapbooks which received 
the John Cotton Dana Awards at the 1947 
A.L.A. Conference in San Francisco. 

Because of the varied nature of the 
publicity represented in the albums, in- 
cluding all kinds of community activi- 
ties, announcements, reading lists, radio 
publicity, etc., and because they repre- 
sent the country's outstanding library 
publicity, it was felt that they would be 
of considerable interest to members of 
the staff, especially those in the 
branches . 

Permission has been secured for housing 
them in the Staff Library for the dura- 
tion of the loan. 

Announcement will be made later as to 
when they will be available from A.L.A. 


The following members of the staff will 
serve on the Election Committee to reg- 
ister voters and act as tellers at the 
annual meeting of the Association on 
Friday, January 23: 

Edna G. Peck, Chairman 
Henry Barry 
Irene T. Bixler 
EleanoraN. Chaplik 
Beatrice Coleman 
Mildred Francis 
Madalene D. Holt 
Thomas J. Manning 

Copy of Letter to the Director 

Dear Mr. Lord: 

Since announcement of the Library's 
recent purchase of films for eventual 
circulation, there has been widespread 
interest on the part of members of the 
staff in this new activity of the 

Because of this interest it was pro- 
posed at the last meeting of the Execu- 
tive Board of the Staff Association that 
arrangements be made for showings of 
those films to members of the staff as 
they are received. 

It was suggested that the showings 
might be held during the two lunch 
periods since many of the films are of 
short duration. It was further suggested 
that, insofar as possible, the showings 
be planned to coincide with the various 
staff meetings so that as many Branch 
Librarians and Assistants as possible 
would have an opportunity to view them. 

Since these individuals in particular 
will eventually be expected to be able 
to suggest appropriate films to their 
borrowers they will thus have an oppor- 
tunity to develop an intelligent and in- 
formed interest in the Library's holdings 
in this field. 

Sincerely yours, 


Louisa S. Metcalf, President 


Prior to the coming election of offi- 
cers of the Association, the Executive 
Board wishes to remind the membership of 
the two proposed amendments to the con- 
stitution which will appear as referenda 
on the ballot, (l) the creation of a new 
officer to be known as a Corresponding 
Secretary (2) placing dues on membership. 


As these amendments were proposed by 
the Constitution Committee at the sugges- 
tion of the Executive Board, it is the 
belief of the Board that members of the 
Association will be interested to know 
for what reasons the Board considered it 
advisable to recommend presenting the 
amendments for consideration. 


At the November business meeting, when 
the question of dues was discussed, there 
was apparently sincere doubt in the minds 
of some members as to the necessity and 
purpose of levying dues on membership. 
It was apparently felt by some that such 
proceeds would be used largely for re- 
freshments and incidental expanses at 
social meetings. However, it was the be- 
lief of the Board that dues would give 
the Association greater independence of 
action as well as extend to each member 
a fuller share in the responsibilities of 
the organization. 

It was considered that expenses toward 
which dues might be applied include: 

1. Stationery 

2. Stock for QUESTION MARK, notices, 
questionnaires, etc. 

It was felt highly desirable that, 
if finances permitted, each member 
should receive a copy of the 

(At present both stock and sta- 
tionery are supplied by the 

3. Fostage, for correspondence, send- 
ing the QUESTION MARK to retired 
members, and exchanges with other 
library associations. 

4. Stencils and other services. 

5. Expenses in connection with social 
meetings, including possible pay- 
ment of entertainment and travel- 
ing expenses of speakers, and re- 
freshments and decorations, 

6. The establishment of a scholarship 
under the sponsorship of the 

7. The expenses of an official repre- 
sentative of the Association at 
the meetings of professional or- 
ganizations, such as A.L.A. and 


Because cf the heavy demands upon the 
Secretary at the present time it was 
believed that with the creation of this 
new office the burden of the Secretary 
would be shared by delegating to the 
Corresponding Secretary the correspond- 
ence of the Association. 

In addition, it was suggested that it 
would then be possible to develop much 
fuller exchange not only with the Asso- 
ciations of the major libraries of the 
country but also local libraries, where- 
by at the beginning of each term of of- 
fice the Corresponding Secretary would 
ascertain the officers of the Associa- 
tions, and establish relations which 
would be of value in possible concerted 
action on matters of professional inter- 

(Signed) Louisa Metcalf 

The editor again wishes to remind mem- 
bers of the staff that contributions to 
the recently inaugurated column 
Suggestions for Improvement of Service 
to the Publi c and "T hings Done" in the" 
Departments and Branches are always 
we 1 c ome . 

Since we're not omniscen't; please don't 
wait so modestly for us to' ferret out 
these interesting activities. 

Reports from members of the staff and 
the public of the lively discussion 
groups held at ■■ ■. Washington Village 
have led us to ask Mrs. Eleanora Chaplik 
to tell us of her work with groups in 
that Branch Library, Watch for her arti- 
cle in the next issue of the QUESTION 



Remember? Last year — in 1947— the 
Christmas tea that was sponsored by mem- 
bers of the "Younger Set"? Or, should I 
say, will you ever forget it? 

Smiling, gracious hostesses pouring tea 
and coffee; more eager, hospitable hosts 
and hostesses passing trays laden with 
such a variety of delicious cakes and 
cookies that to choose was almost agony; 
decorations that heralded the Christmas 
season, with mistletoe hanging from the 
center of the ceiling and somehow becom- 
ing the center of attraction (to say 
nothing of the shy little piece which 
dared not enter the room but hung from 
the entrance door with the result that 
all males who hesitated on the threshold 
were "taken unawares"); and the genuine 
spirit of good comradeship which pre- 
vailed as staff members came and went 
from three to five o'clock on that 
Monday — December 21. 

Happy memory! But, what of the future? 
•Tis laden with possibilities—f or other 
groups (young, middle-aged, old, it mat- 
ters not) to volunteer to sponsor teas. 
There's Valentine's day, for instance, 
or Leap Year, "coming one in four" — oh, 
well, we can dream, can't we? 


To Members of the Association t 

Your attention is called to changes in 
voting procedure effective in the forth- 
coming election of officers of the 


Balloting will immediately precede 
the annual business meeting on Friday, 
January 23. The polls will open prompt- 
ly at 9 a.m. and will remain open until 
9:30 a.m. at which time all returns will 
be collected and the tellers will begin 
their count. No ballots (including ab- 
sentee ballots) will be eligible for con- 
sideration after that time. While the 

regular business of the meeting is being 
conducted the Election Committee will 
complete its count. Announcement of elec- 
tion results will be made at the close of 
the meeting. 


Those members of the staff who will 
bo unable to attend the annual meeting to 
vote in person are reminded of the pro- 
visions made for absentee balloting in the 
revised By-laws of the Association, the 
section of which is reprinted here: 

(Section 2. Elections 

a. Officers shall be elected by bal- 
lot at the January meeting. 

b. Members of the Association who 
will not attend the January meet- 
ing of the Association may vote 
for the nominees of their choice 
by mail, ballots to be obtained 
by request. An absentee ballot 
shall be inclosed in a sealed 
envelope on which the name of the 
voter shall nowhere appear . The 
envelope containing the ballot 
shall be inclosed in another en- 
velope addressed to the Secretary 
of the B.P.L.P.S.A. and shall boar 
the name of the voter . The sealed, 
unmarked envelope containing the 
ba Hot shall be handed by the 
Secretary to the ballot counters 
a t the January meeting if the 
voter is not present .^ 

It is urged that absentee ballots be re- 
quested well in advance of the meeting 
from the Secretary, Eleanor Halligan, 
Statistical Department. Marked ballots 
should be returned to her by 5 p.m., 
January 22. No ballots received later 
than 9:30 a.m. January 23 will be eligible 
for consideration. 

The Question Mark is being recognized 
by its colleagues we are pleased to note. 
The Information Bulletin published by the 
Library of Congress quotes at length our 
notice of Mr. Clapp's speech at the 
Swamps cott meeting of the M.L.A. Now that 
others notice us. we feel that we are real- 
ly of age. 



Published by the 
Boston Fublic Library- 
Professional Staff Association 
Editor; Sarah W. Flannery 

Volume III 
Number 2 
February 1948 


Apropos of the open letter to the 
Director in the Ootober 1947 issue of the 
Question Mark advocating in-service 
training for members of the B.P.L. staff, 
we should like to call attention to an 
article appearing on pp. 177-178 of the 
February 1 issue of the Library Journ al. 
This article outlines a "Four Year Plan" 
for progress which is being formulated by 
the A.L.A. in honor of its 75th anniver- 
sary. One of the goals they hope to at- 
tain is "an adequate number of forward 
looking professional librarians eager and 
competent to perform ... public service 

As one of the means of reaching this 
end "in-service training and education 
for all librarians with emphasis on the 
function of the library in relation to 
the problems of our time," is advocated. 
The need for continued education to fit 
librarians to cope with the many pressing 
problems that beset the world today is 
here fully recognized. If libraries are 
to hold a position of intellectual lead- 
ership in the community and to keep a 
place as guardians and illuminators of 
the minds of men, we who operate librar- 
ies must be prepared to meet the chal- 
lenge. We cannot afford to sit back 
smugly content in our possession of a 
library school or other degree and feel 
that this is sufficient. Our own educa- 
tion must be a living thing, feeding and 
refreshing itself all the time with new 
knowledge and new ideas. In-service 
training is, of course, tut one way that 
this can be accomplished. It is, however, 
a good one. The plan outlined by Miss 
Metcalf and the Executive Board is broad 
in scope and well worth consideration. 
The adoption of some such scheme would be 
of great value to the Library and to the 
citizens of Boston. 

New Staff Members 

Carolyn N. McCandliss, Director's 

Frank J. Seegraber, Business Branch, 
formerly employed in the General Refer- 
ence Department. 

John I. Keneavy, Book Stack Service. 


June A. Rogerson, Business Branch, to 
Dr. Lyman C. "*ynne, December 22, 1947. 

Kay Moran, Memorial Branch Library, to 
Stephen Roomian, Saturday, February 7, 

Staff Babies 

To Mr. and Mrs. Harry Fletcher, a son, 
William, January 15, 1948. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Eamon McDonough, a 
daughter, Alison, February 3, 1948. 

To Mr. and Mrs. J. L. Miller (Dorothy 
Coombs), a daughter, Josephine, February 
17, 1948. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Joseph M. Lynch, 
(Margaret Carr) a son, Joseph Michael, Jr., 
February 22, 1948. 

Res ignations 

Eva J. Anttonen, resigned from position 
as Children's Librarian to remain in the 
Biblioteca Benjamin Franklin, Mexico City, 
where she has been since April 1946. 

Estelle Rholl, West Roxbury Branch 

Frederick Zeserson, Business Branch, 
on military leave of absence since 
October 1942. 

Robert Dixon, Fine Arts Department, to 
work in the library of the Naval War 
College, Newport, Rhode Island. 



James C. McGillicuddy, February 3, 

James W. Kenney, comptroller, emeritus, 
February 6, 1948 

Attending Library School 

Miss Mildred Adelson, Jamaica Plain 
Branch Library, is attending Simmons 
College for the second semester. 

Article by Member of Staff 

Zoltan Haraszti, Keeper of Rare Books - 
John Adams and Rousseau , published in the 
February 1948 issue of the Atlantic 
Monthly . 

Poems by Member of Staff 

Bessie L. Doherty, Branch Issue Depart- 
ment - The Pearl of Great Price , pub- 
lished in the December 1947 issue of the 
Have — Give , in the February 1948 issue 
of the same publication. 


Each week the Hyde Park Tribune presents 
a corsage to an outstanding personality 
in the community. During Christmas week 
Miss Gertrude E. M. Leufgren, first as- 
sistant at the Hyde Park Branch Library, 
was presented with a corsage in recogni- 
tion of her completion of thirty-five 
years of service at the Hyde Park Branch 


On January 31, Margaret H. Reid, for 
forty years Branch Librarian at the Mt. 
Pleasant Branch Library, retired. 
Throughout the years spent at the library, 
Miss Reid has won friendship and esteem 
among all groups in the neighborhood. 
Her last week at the library was a mani- 
festation of this, when children and 
grown-ups joined to express their affec- 
tion in many pleasing ways. 

Schools in the district honored her at 
teas, and she was the recipient of many 
gifts and flowers. As a climax to the 
week's festivities in her honor, her 
staff took her to dinner at the Ritz- 
Carlton Hotel where they, too, presented 
her with a gift. The patrons of Mt, 
Pleasant Branch Library along with her 
staff wish her happy years ahead and it 
is with regret that they say "farewell" 
to her. 


On Saturday, February 14, a committee 
representing the Branch Librarians enter- 
tained Miss Reid at a luncheon at "The 
Towne House". At the conclusion of the 
luncheon she was presented with a bill- 
fold containing a sum of money and an 
attractive volume in which were inscribed 
the good wishes of her fellow librarians. 

She has since been the recipient of a 
beautiful necklace and a book containing 
further good wishes from her friends in 
the Central Library. 


It was with a deep sense of shock that 
members of the staff learned of the sud- 
den death on February 3 of James C. 
McGillicuddy of the Book Stack Service. 

Mr. McGillicuddy was a graduate of 
Boston College Law School in the class of 
1938 and at the time of his death was en- 
rolled at Simmons College School of 
Library Science. He had been a member of 
the Library staff since May 27, 1932 and 
was a favorite not only with his col- 
leagues but also with the public whom we 
have more than once heard compliment him 
on his courtesy and helpfulness with 
their problems. 

He served with the Army from April 1943 
to November 1945 as a corporal in the 
404th Fighter Squadron, 371st Bomber 
Group, and performed overseas duty in 
England, France and Germany. 

Mr. McGillicuddy is survived by his 
wife, the former Elizabeth Coleman of the 
Registration Department, end by four sons. 
To Mrs. McGillicuddy we extend our deep- 
est sympathy. 



Funeral services for James W. Kenney, 
of 12 Water house Street, West Somerville, 
former Somerville alderman and comptrol- 
ler, emeritus, of the Boston Public 
Library, who died after a short illness 
on Friday February 6, while vacationing 
at Tampa, Florida, were held Wednesday 
February 11, at 9 a.m. when a solemn high 
mass of requiem was celebrated at the 
Immaculate Conception Church, Somerville. 

Mr. Kenney leaves his wife, Mrs. 
Augusta Kenney; a daughter, Miss Marie E. 
Kenney, head of the science department at 
Somerville High School; two sons, Paul 
and James L., and two brothers, retired 
Captain William G. Kenney of the 
Somerville police and Frank Kenney. 

Since we announced that Leonard Burkat, 
formerly first assistant in the Music 
Department, had been appointed Librarian, 
Berkshire Music Center, his friends have 
been worried about his welfare. We even 
heard the rumor that a St. Bernard was 
about to be dispatched to rescue him from 
the Lenox snows. We hasten to assure 
everyone of Mr. Burkat f s safety. He is 
in Boston for the winter, with the or- 
chestra, and the worst he has to contend 
with are the ruts in Huntington Avenue. 

The following are the members of the 
delegation from the B.P.L.P.S.A. appoint- 
ed to represent the Association at Jimmy 
McGillicuddy's funeral. 

C. L. Higgins 
Sally W. Flannery 
Evelyn Mar den 
Charles Murphy 


The Phillips Brooks Branch Library is 
Readville's only theatre. In its second 
year of film programs, it is regularly 
running moving pictures for younger 

card-holders and parents, for junior high 
school students, and for adults. When 
it has shown films three times in one day 
with extra amounts of book selection and 
charging in between, and subsequently has 
quizzed its younger patrons on the con- 
tent and significance of what they have 
seen, it knows it has become more than 
just a library. 

The schedule has included a variety of 
films, about which one boy earnestly re- 
marked, "You know, Miss ... , these pic- 
tures are very educationsl - for children, 
as well as adults." 

V. H. 


The Old Colony Book Club, a study and 
discussion group which meets on alternate 
Wednesday evenings at Washington Village 
Branch Library, is now commencing its 
third successful year. Started in 1946 
under the sponsorship of Mrs. Helen 
Hirson, it is at present guided by Mrs. 
Eleanora Chaplik, first assistant at the 
Branch Library. 

In a cosy corner of the children's 
room, with an atmosphere of ease and in- 
formality, an average attendance of fif- 
teen persons of various ages and back- 
grounds gathers for discussion of books 
they are reading. After a two hour ses- 
sion refreshments are served and the 
group relaxes in social conversation. 

In the autumn the main topic for the 
year is chosen and bibliographies are 
prepared by the discussion leader. Last 
year the topic was "Exploring the United 
States regionally via contemporary lit- 
erature", which gave occasion for many 
rousing moments and which the partici- 
pants felt increased their understanding 
and tolerance of the various facets of 
our common national life. Social prob- 
lems and the environment of the individ- 
ual greatly interest the Old Colony Book 
Club so the main part of the book pro- 
gram this year is devoted to the 
"Immigrant in America." One book is 

1 . y 1 -. 

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chosen for discussion at each meeting and 
the entire discussion time is devoted to 

Current events are also popular and 
give rise to some interesting extempora- 
neous discussions. However, the more 
usual practice is to set aside alternate 
meetings for discussion of a particular 
subject of current interest. Material on 
the topic is collected in the library and 
all who attend are expected to have read 
some of it beforehand. Also this year, 
inspired by the leader's enthusiasm for 
Great Books after hearing Dr. Barr at the 
Swampscott meeting of the M.L.A., the 
group agreed to a program of reading 
along those lines. "Madame Bovary", 
"Main Street" and "The return of the 
native", all having the common denomina- 
tor of a highly romantic, discontented 
woman in an unsuitable milieu were chosen 
for study. Some members found them rath- 
er rough going at first. It has, however, 
been a source of delight and gratifica- 
tion to see that after a provocative dis- 
cussion, those who had given up or been 
confused tried again and have later re- 
ported that the books meant much more to 
them. The group has come to the appre- 
ciation that classics, instead of being 
esoteric are something that can be read 
from the heart and out of personal ex- 

In addition to all this, the women have 
a side line of their own - the men scorn 
it - and are reading the books on the 
Massachusetts Adult Reading Frogram on 
Family Life. 

The Book Club means different things to 
different members. An outstanding member 
said that he was now willing to reed 
women authors. Whereas before he reso- 
lutely shied away (benighted attitude) 
from them, he now admits they can write J 
A woman with three children said she 
never would have read as much if it had 
not been for the regular meetings. 
Another was enchanted to discover that 
she could express herself among and share 
her ideas with a group of strangers. To 
a little English war bride, the meetings 
are bright, warm contacts which she has 
sorely missed in her present environment. 

All are learning to read more effective- 
ly, speak more precisely, listen more 
under standingly. 

E. N. C. 

wanted: your old magazines 

Don't throw away your copies of 
Coronet , Fortune , Holiday , and Life } 
The Fine Arts Department begs them for 
its picture collections. Come up and see 
what good use we could make of theml 


During the month of Marrh a series of 
Wednesday noon showings of educational 
films will be presented in the Lecture 
Hall. They are intended primarily for 
members of the staff, but the public is 
also invited. There will be two perform- 
ances each Wednesday noon to accommodate 
both early and late lunchers. 

The first showing will be at 12:15 and 
the repeat performance at 1:15 

Titles are: 

Instruments of the Orchestra 

• • 9 • 

Crafts of the Fire 

.DO Oil •ooo*«*»«oa< 

Cyprus is an Island 34 min. 
Man - One Family 17 min. 

Great Circle 
Both , 

The River 

14 min. 

31 min. 

20 min. 
10 min. 
March 3 

March 10 

March 24 
March 31 


Special Committee on Fersonnel Rating 
Eleanor DiGiannantonio, Business Branch, 
George Ear ley, General Reference De- 

Helen Hirson, West Roxbury Branch 


■ : 

: . 




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Betty Preer, Memorial Branch Library. 

Aaron Starr, Book Purchasing Department. 

Ruth Wall, Mt. Bowdoin Branch Library. 

Charles Gillis, Cataloging and Classi- 
fication Department, Circulation Division, 

Women's House Committee 

Mary V. Doyle, Young People's Room. 

Marie McCarthy, Cataloging and Classi- 
fication Department, Circulation Division 

Katherine Macauley, Cataloging and 
Classification Department, Reference 

Lydia Palladino, Open Shelf Department. 

Anna L. Manning, Teachers Department, 

Constitution Committee 

Grace M. Marvin, Book Purchasing De- 

Nura Globus, Test End Branch Library. 

William Ear ley, Business Branch. 

Leonard J. Macmillan, Book Purchasing 
Department, Chairman. 


Dewhurst, J. Frederick. America's needs 

and resources. 
Hoagland, Kathleen. 100 years of Irish 

Kelly, John. All souls' night. 
Look. Santa Fe trail. 

Lynd, Robert and Lynd, Helen. Middletown, 
Putnam, Samuel. Paris was our mistress. 
White, Llewellyn. Peoples speaking to 

Whitehead, Alfred N. Essays in science 

and philosophy. 


American Library Association. A.L.A. 
catalog rules; 1941 (Copies M, 0, S.) 

Cather, Willa S. Not under forty. 

Crum, Bartley C. Behind the silken cur- 

Dewey, Melvil. Abridged decimal classi- 
fication and relativ index; 3d ed. 
(Copy L) 

Doubledey, William E. A primer of 

Early, Eleanor. And this is Boston! 
Fraser, W. H. , and others. Revised 

elementary French grammar. (Copy C) 
Hills, E. C. and Ford, J. D. M. First 

Spanish course. (Copy B) 
Mann, Margaret, Introduction to cata- 
loging and the classification of books. 

2d ed. (Copy G) 
Meissner, Albert L. A German grammar 

for schools and colleges. (Copy E) 
Merrill, William Stetson. Code for 

classifiers; 2d ed. 1939 (Copy A) 
Northrop, Filmer S. C. The meeting of 

east and west. 
Robert, Grace. The Borzoi book of bal- 
lets . 
Sabatier, Paul. Life of St. Francis of 

Shores, Louis. Basic reference books. 

2d ed. (Copy M) 
Starrett, Vincent. Books alive. 
Stillman, Clark, and Gode, Alexander. 

Spanish at sight. (Copy A) 
U. S. Library of Congress. Classifica- 
tion Division. 

Classification. Class P. PJ-Fm. 

Wain, Nora. The house of exile. 
Wyer, James Ingersoll. Reference work. 

(Copy A.) 
Yank, the army weekly. 

Yank - the GI story of the war. 



The current issue of Books Abroad 
(Winter 1948) carries an excellent pro- 
posal about "Our books abroad and what 
they might do for us" by E. L. Tinker, 
See particularly the checklist of thirty- 
two books published since World War I 
that, in the opinion of some fifteen 
critics and writers, best portray the 
normal, decent life of the United States. 



To the Editor: 

Mr. Milton Lord, at a recent meeting, 
discussed various aspects of the marking 
system. I should like to submit these 
further suggestions. 

(1) If the multiple rating system is 
favored, the supervisor should be 
the logical person to check, after 
the department head has graded the 

(2) That all members of the bibliothecal 
staff meet to discuss with the su- 
pervisor problems which have arisen* 
This will give all members of the 
staff the opportunity to become ac- 
quainted with the supervisor and 
have the benefit of experience reac- 
tions at periodic intervals. 

(3) That when openings and vacancies are 
available, the location of the de- 
partment or branch should be named 
and that persons interested in apply 
ing for these positions be permitted 
to have personal interviews. 

(Mrs.) Evelyn Green. 
Jamaica Plain Branch 

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j • 

v ■ 



■ ; ■ 

At *V;it '■".■■'' '.,. I. 



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Published by the 
Boston Public Library 
Professional Staff Association 
Editor: Sarah_W. Flannery 

Vo lume III 
Number 3 
March 1948 


The Director's letter concerning the 
Library's film program which appears in 
these pages prompts us to point out the 
announcement in last month's Question 
Mark of the noonday showing of films for 
members of the staff. A visit to the 
Lecture Hall is indeed a pleasant way to 
pass some of our lunch-hour time. 

The Director's suggestion in his reply 
to Miss Metcalf's letter on in-service 
training has its answer in the appoint- 
ment of a oommittee to study the subject 
whose members are announced in this is- 
sue. Further training is a subject in 
which we are all interested and we feel 
sure that whatever suggestions any of us 
may wish to make will be welcomed by the 
committee. We are in a position it 
seems whereby with a little thought and 
effort we might pioneer new developments 
in Library training of value to the pro- 
fession as a whole. 

A Library as distinguished as is ours, 
in a city renowned for its educational 
opportunities should be able to produce 
from within its staff new and useful 
developments in library training and 
education. The possibilities challenge 
the exercise of our ingenuity. Many 
members of the Association must have 
ideas as to what is needed and desirable. 
Let us hand on our ideas to the committee 
and help to get a good program started. 


New Staff Members 

Concetta M. Cangemi, Registration De- 
partment . 

Mrs. Mary L. Sands, Fine Arts Depart- 

Dorothy B. Graham, Statistical Depart- 

Mrs. Alice S. Meguerdichian, Business 

Jane M. Moyer, Business Branch. 

Mrs. Elizabeth FitzSimmons Scannell, 
formerly on the Business Branch staff, 
is now working part-time in the Catalog- 
ing and Classification Department, Refer- 
ence Division. 

Mrs. Bertha B. Feldman, Charlestown 

Florence S. Cooper, Allston Branch. 

Alida 0. Venamee, Information Office. 

Thomas P. Carras, Book Purchasing De- 

Re signations 

Virginia Leahy, Book Stack Service. 

Genevieve Mroz, Book Stack Service. 

Roger L. Dufault, Book Purchasing De- 
partment, to accept another position in 
private business. 

Mrs. Myra Provo, Cataloging and Class- 
ification Department, Reference Division. 

Harold M. Cerr, Cataloging and Classi- 
fication Department, Reference Division, 
following a military leave of absence, 
to teach at St. Michael's College, 
Vermont . 

Robert Heiles, Book Purchasing Depart- 
ment, moved to New York. 

Carolyn N. McCandliss, Trustees' Office, 
to return to home in Michigan to be 

Mrs. Katherine Kiely Catani, Roslindale 
Branch . 


Gus6ene Guveyan, Cataloging and Class- 
ification Department, Reference Division, 
to John Hatzik, March 14, 1948. 


To Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Canavan, a girl, 
Sheila, March 18, 1948. Mrs. Canavan was 
Mary Hart, formerly of the Circulation 
Division Office. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Hilbert L. Smith, a 
boy, Carl, March 27, 1948. Mrs. Smith 
was Mary E. Quinn, who worked in the Book 
Stack Service. 



B. V. Gharpure, Curator of the Lord 
Reay Maharashtra Industrial Museum, 
Poona, India, visited the Library re- 


Dn her first visit to the Branch, Miss 
Ellen Peterson was entertained by the 
staff at a "Green Tea". The table was 
covered with a shamrock cloth. The 
green candles in the brass holders har- 
monized with the various green candies, 
cakes, and ice cream. Coffee and sand- 
wiches garnished with all green relishes a very pretty setting. This ell 
t nded very nicely with our pretty 
r;i"-een rest room. Mrs. Lillian Perry and 
"iss Helen Connell poured. Entertain- 
ment was furnished by Miss Anna Gallivan 
and Miss Connell. 

We hope that Miss Peterson will soon 
he back with us to stay and then we will 
all be very happy. 

The Staff. 




I know you in a semi-sort of way, 
As you know me. In May and in 

I haunt your library from day to 

And once I wrote some lines that 

you remember! 

Sometimes I wonder, as you stamp 

my books, 
About you all I What other things 

you do, 
And where you go each night; what 

unglimpsed nooks, 
What other tasks and dreams spell 

life for you. 

Frances C. Hamlet. 


Seen in the Periodical Room on a snowy 
day... all lights' burning... a man reading 
a bound volume with a flashlight focussed 
steadily on the pages. 

Scavenger hunters from the Dorchester 
YMCA know how to follow a clue. With 
two directions: get the smallest book 
in the library and a red hair, they had 
but one destination, the Codman Sq\jare 
Branch* While the smallest book in the 
library, the next smallest book in the 
library, the next smallest book in the 
library, etc. were being found for then s 
Mrs. Eisengrein pulled hairs from her 
titian head and distributed them. 

It is only fair to add that the girls 
were very shy about asking Mrs. 
Eisengrein to part with her hair one by 
one, and properly prized her personal 
contribution to "Community Service." 



Supported by the taxpayers of the City 
of Boston, the Public Library must justi- 
fy their sacrifices by rendering maximu;. 
service to all residents. Among these, 
there are many whose reading is limited 
or naturally attracted to the mother 
tongue of immediate or more remote ances- 
tors of foreign birth or whose broad 
literary interest leads them to read 
languages other than English. 

Would it, then, not make our service 
more helpful to these groups of readers 
if the lists of non-English books avail- 
able were revised and issued more fre- 
quently than in the past? No bibliog- 
raphy can ever be quite complete, for 
there are accessions between compilation 
and issuance, but unlisted withdrawals 
probably cause even more disappointment, 
whether due to the books' being missing 
from the shelves or to the wearing out 
of books no longer in print. 


To the Romanzi e Novelle at the North 
End Branch there have been additions 
since publication in 1937 - and many 
books there listed have been literally 
read to pieces but cannot be duplicated. 
The Polish list of 1940 can hardly have 
had additions, though use - or users - 
may have subtracted some volumes. The 
French list of 1936 must certainly have 
been added to; Spain, Central and South 
America cannot have ceased literary pro- 
duction on publication of the Spanish 
bibliography of 1919, and the Italian 
list of almost half a century ago cries 
aloud for help. Does not the grateful 
appreciation with which such moderniza- 
tion would be welcomed suggest en obli- 
gation as well as an opportunity to 
serve our public more efficiently? 

G. S. Herrick 


This column represents an experiment 
which will survive or perish according 
to its reception. Its purpose will be 
to relate informally some of the day-to- 
day activities which have been the con- 
cern of your officers during the past 
month. Very often we have found that 
news of interesting developments seldom 
reaches the attention of the membership 
in adequate detail. Sometimes routine 
announcements lack the impact they might 
have. Accordingly, we will try here to 
gather up some loose ends, point up im- 
portant activities and in general survey 
the events of the month just past. 

A special committee is being organized 
to study the possibility of conducting 
some advanced form of in-service train- 
ing for the membership. This will con- 
tinue the work begun last year. The 
pertinent correspondence on this point 
is reproduced elsewhere in this issue. 
We are hopeful that this special com- 
mittee can offer a concrete program which 
will be well above the level of library 
school courses or their equivalent. A 
great deal of work is involved and if 
you have ideas in the matter, please 

forward them to Miss Louisa Metcalf , 
Open Shelf Department. The full commit- 
tee will be announced in the next issue. 

Miss Anna Manning, Chairman of the 
Women's House Committee reported that 
the mice in the women's quarters were 
becoming very frisky. We dispatched a 
weighty letter to the Personnel Office 
regarding this menace and can now assure 
the membership that vigorous repressive 
measures are underway. Let us hope the 
wee ones cooperate. If not, perhaps we 
might ask some of our lady veterans to 
put into practice the arts of booby- 
trapping and camouflage they so labor- 
iously studied only a few years ago. 

The Director has made available, on a 
loan basis, the following office equip- 
ment for the use of the officers of the 
Association: a steel filing case, a 
typewriter, and a typewriter stand. 
This equipment has been placed in the 
Conference Room. We have extended to 
Mr. Lord the thanks of the Association 
for his graciousnecs in this matter, and 
feel sure that the membership will be 
pleased to hear about these arrangements, 

Many of us are extremely interested in 
the letter appearing in the Soap Box 
department of this issue concerning for- 
eign language reading lists. Many have 
long felt the need for such lists. We 
expect that members will want to comment, 
and hope that those with foreign language 
background or training will take an 
active interest. 

We had a pleasant talk with Mr. Lord 
and Mrs. Wright a few weeks ago concern- 
ing the since completed poll on Multiple 
Rating. The meeting arose out of the 
letter sent to Mr. Lord which is repro- 
duced elsewhere in this issue together 
with the Director's reply. The poll 
incidentally seemed to bear out the rec- 
ommendation of the Executive Board in 
the matter. 


It was particularly gratifying to note 
the very high percentage of ballots re- 
turned. This bespeaks a deep interest on 
the part of the membership in Association 
activity. The Special Committee on 
Personnel Rating, 1948 is working hard to 
maintain the excellent standard set by 
its predecessor. Mr. Gillis, chairman, 
urges that everyone reread at this time 
the Report (two parts) issued by the 1947 
Special Committee. 

Mr. Gillis tells us that his group is 
now prepared to begin the work of re- 
ceiving and collating all comments on the 
rating of personnel just completed. May 
we urge everyone who offers comments to 
do so in written form. This is the only 
way the Special Committee can do its work 
in an orderly manner. A member wishing 
to offer several comments is asked to 
write each comment on a separate sheet. 
Please keep in mind that this mechanism 
provides all members with an opportunity 
for expression in a thoroughly democratic 
fashion. Use it, and use it wisely. The 
Special Committee can be of service only 
to the extent that balanced, mature com- 
ments issue from the membership. More 
about this next month. 

We are hopeful that by the time this 
reaches your eye, there will have ap- 
peared an official announcement about a 
projected activity in connection with 
CARE. The Executive Board of the 
Association felt that participation in 
the CARE program presented an oppor- 
tunity of doing something eminently prac- 
tical. Of this activity it can be stated 
here that the program will last only for 
a brief period, that such offerings as 
are made by the membership are to be en- 
tirely voluntary, that there can be no 
obligation on the part of any individual 
to contribute. The proceeds will be used 
to furnish CARE packages for the fam- 
ilies of needy librarians residing in the 
British Isles and those areas of conti- 
nental Europe serviced by C A R E. The 
beneficiaries of this Association activ- 
ity will be people recommended as worthy 
by reliable agencies. The Trustees of 
the Library have made an exception to the 
rule in this matter, and have authorized 

the Association to proceed with the ac- 
tivity and to receive donations for this 
purpose. The Executive Board of the 
Association understands that all of us 
have many calls on our income, not the 
least of which is the HCL. But if you 
can offer, let us say, the price of a 
package of cigarettes or a movie just 
once a month, the Association can help 
some librarian overseas whose family may 
well be destitute. 

Our life lately seems to have consisted 
mainly in writing letters. One of these 
queried the Director regarding the pos- 
sibility of granting the Executive Board 
standing permission to name an official 
delegation to attend the last rites of 
an Association member, active or retired. 
The Director replied in effect that while 
he appreciated the verious factors in- 
volved, it did not seem wise to concur in 
this matter. However, it was made clear 
that the Association need not ever face 
a situation where such a delegation could 
not be appointed. Even on shortest no- 
tice, avenues have been made available 
whereby the Association may officially 
pay its respects to its departed. 

The following correspondence concern- 
ing the Association's activity in the 
matter of multiple rating is reproduced 
here for the information of the member- 
ship. The results of the poll, herein 
referred to, have been announced by cir- 
cular dated March 4, 1948, and are also 
noted elsewhere in this issue of the 
Question Mark . 

26 February 1948 

Mr. Milton E. Lord, Director 
Boston Public Library 
Boston, Massachusetts 

Dear Mr. Lord: 

It has come to the attention of the 
Executive Board that the Trustees might 
welcome a communication from the Board 
to the effect that application of mul- 
tiple rating to the personnel evaluation 
system now in use in this Library be 


def erred for another year, if in the 
opinion of the Board it was felt that 
such a statement would represent the 
majority opinion among the membership. 
Pending tabulation of the results of a 
poll upon this point, the Board does feel 
that the current trend if opinion among 
the membership as expressed in personal 
interviews and in the show of hands re- 
garding multiple rating at the recent 
staff meetings justifies the Board in 
recommending to the Trustees that mul- 
tiple rating be not used in the forth- 
coming rating of personnel. 

The Executive Board wishes to point 
out that the principle of multiple rat- 
ing as mentioned in the Report of the 
Special Committee to Study Personnel 
Rating, 1947, was not subjected to 
scrutiny by the Special Committee, nor 
were any recommendations in the matter 
made in its Report. The principle was 
mentioned in the Report only as one of 
the many suggestions received. The Board 
feels that until such time as the prin- 
ciple of multiple rating as it might be 
applied in any of its forms to the situ- 
ation in this Library has undergone full 
and thorough study, it should not be 
used. The Executive Board so recommends. 

The Board is most appreciative of the 
attitude of the Trustees and of your own 
in seeking expressions of opinion among 
the membership. 1, fould you be kind enough 
to assure the Trustees that the Associa- 
tion will bend every effort to insure 
complete cooperation. 

In accordance with Association policy 
of keeping the membership fully informed 
it is proposed to publish this communi- 
cation together with such reply as you 
might care to make in the next issue of 
the Question Mark . 

Very truly yours, 

(signed) Charles L. Higgins 

5 March 1948 

Dear Mr. Higgins: 

I wish to acknowledge your letter 
of February 26th with its recommendation 
on the part of the Executive Board of 
the Boston Public Library Professional 
Staff Association that the principle of 
multiple rating should not be used in 
the rating procedure of the Library until 
there has been an opportunity for it to 
be subjected to full and thorough study, 

I have now also your communication 
under date of March 3rd 1948, in which 
you notify me that the Executive Board 
of the Association has subsequently car- 
ried out a poll of its members as to 
whether they ere in favor of multiple 
rating for the forthcoming rating of 
personnel, and that the results of this 
poll showed 196 ballots in opposition 
and 132 ballots in favor of doing so at 
the present time. 

I shall report these two communica- 
tions to the Trustees of the Library, 
and ask their confirmation of the deci- 
sion which has already been taken by me 
to postpone the application of the prin- 
ciple of multiple rating until there has 
been an opportunity for further study of 

I wish to express to you and your 
associates my warm appreciation of the 
expeditious handling of this matter in 
making available promptly a responsible 
statement by an authoritative body of 
the library staff. 

Yours sincerely, 

(signed) Milton E. Lord 


Mr. Charles L. Higgins 

Professional Staff Association 
of the Boston Public Library 


Announcement is hereby made of the re- 
sults of the poll recently completed by 
the Special Committee on Personnel Rating 
of this Association. 


Results : 

The Vote: 

Are you in favor of multiple 
rating for the forthcoming 
rating of personnel? 

Number of ballots 

distributed 383 

Number of ballots 

returned 331 

YES 132 

NO 196 

Blank ballots 3 

The following communications from the 
Director, it will be recognized, have 
already been published as annexes to the 
Annual Report of the President, 1947. 
They are reproduced in this issue in or- 
der that they may thus reach the atten- 
tion of every member and in order that 
they mey become a part of the Question 
Mark file. 

16 January 1948 

Dear Miss Metcalf: 

I have received with much interest the 
final report of the Special Committee 
appointed by the Professional Staff 
Association to study the personnel rat- 
ing procedure of the Library. 

"lith nearly all of the recommendations 
of the Committee I am in substantial 
agreement. A rating manual has already 
been drawn up. The principle of multi- 
ple rating will be adopted. An attempt 
will be made to work out an assignment 
of relative weightings for the several 
groups of qualities listed on the rating 
form, particularly with reference to 
specific appointments to be made. The 
use of percentages on the rating form 
will be discontinued, although there 
will nevertheless apparently have to be 
worked out some method of numerical 

statement of relative standings in eval- 
uating personal qualities in connection 
with the promotional process at the time 
of making titular appointments. Finally 
there will be tried out the suggestion 
made by the Special Committee of the ap- 
pointment by either the Director of the 
Library or the Staff Association of a 
committee following each rating period 
to receive and organize comments concern- 
ing it from the members of the library 

It has been particularly interesting 
to note thpt a comparison between the 
revised rating forms already drawn up by 
the administrative authorities of the 
Library and the revised form as drawn up 
by the Committee of the Staff Association 
reveals substantial agreement on approx- 
imately 75 percent of the points under 
examination. I am confident that agree- 
ment can be reached to an appreciable 
extent upon the remaining points as wel 1 . 
In this connection much help will un- 
doubtedly be found in the interesting 
body of comments gathered from members 
of the library staff and now transmitted 
upon the recommendation of the Special 
Committee to the administrative author- 
ities of the Library. 

The next step will be to arrive at a 
final revision of the rating form in the 
light of the many helpful suggestions 
which have been received. This will be 
taken in hand forthwith, and shortly 
there will be carried through the second 
series of ratings. 

To the Special Committee I wish to 
offer warm thanks for its sympathetic 
approach to its task and for the thor- 
oughness and diligence with which it has 
accomplished its work. It has made a 
distinctive contribution to the work of 
the Library. 

Yours sincerely, 

(signed) Milton E. Lord 


Miss Louisa S. Metcalf 
President, Boston Public Library 
Professional Staff Association 


16 January 1948 

Dear Miss Metcalf: 

Following receipt of the report of the 
Association's Special Committee on Con- 
cession Planning the following action has 
been taken by the Administrative author- 
ities of the Library, 

Further investigation of the legal as- 
pects of the proposal has been carried on 
with the Law Department of the City of 
Boston. Thereafter an inquiry was under- 
taken to ascertain whether specific in- 
dividual concessionaires would be able 
and willing to meet the several legal re- 
quirements as to (l) token payments for 
rent, water, electricity, etc., (2) wage 
payments to their employees, (3) liabil- 
ity and other insurance, and (4) other 
miscellaneous matters. Two concession- 
aires were found who stated that they 
would be able and willing to meet all of 
these requirements and still be able to 
provide food and drink at attractive 
price levels. 

The investigation of another aspeot of 
the proposal has not been so successful. 
That has to do with the provision of 
adequate space for setting up such a con- 
cession. To date the only space which 
has been proposed has been in the present 
Somen's Lunchroom. A careful survey of 
this area has indicated that its extent 
is not sufficient to provide space for 
both a concession and the present use 
made of it. The alternative seems to be 
only to find space elsewhere for the con- 
cession. Such a possibility will have 
consideration in working out the final 
allocation of such space as is shortly to 
be put to new uses in connection with the 
reallocation of departmental spaces noiv 
under consideration. 

It is earnestly hoped that arrangements 
can be made for providing food and drink 
for the members of the library staff at 
as early a date as possible. 

Yours sincerely, 

(signed) Milton E. Lord 

Miss Louisa S. Metcalf 
President, Boston Public Library 
Professional Staff Association 

16 January 1948 

Dear Miss Metcalf: 

In reply to your letter of today I wish 
to state that an attempt will be made 
shortly to effect arrangements whereby 
the members of the library staff may have 
an opportunity to view the films acquired 
by the Library in connection with its new 
film program. 

At the moment the program is pretty 
much in the stage of preliminary acqui- 
sitions only. There is still to be 
worked out a formal procedure for (l) the 
regular showing of them as part of the 
Library's own programs and for (2) the 
lending of them for group programs out- 
side of the Library. 

There should be little difficulty in 
making adequate arrangements for the mem- 
bers of the library staff to view these 


Yours sinccrely 

Milton E. Lord 

Miss Louisa S. Metcalf 
President, Boston Public Library 
Professional Staff Association 

16 Januery 1948 

Dear Miss Metcalf: 

Your communication of October 30, 1947 
concerning an expansion of the Library's 
in-service trailing programs has had 
careful and considered attention. 

In setting up its present in-service 
training program the Library did so in 
the belief that it would itself act 


profitably in this direction only to a 
limited extent. The purpose of this 
program has been simply to provide an 
elementary working-knowledge of basic 
library techniques for individuals with- 
out this basic knowledge at the time of 
entrance into the employ of the Library. 
To do more would pose a considerable 
further problem. 

It would therefore be particularly 
gratifying to the Library, as well as 
being of very great help, if the Profes- 
sional Staff Association would itself un- 
dertake a project which would (l) survey 
the situation for need for further pro- 
grams of training of the sort specified 
in your letter of October 30, 1947, (2) 
canvass the existing offerings already 
available in this respect in the form of 
courses outside of the Library, insti- 
tutes, summer schools, library meetings, 
etc., etc., and finally, in the light of 
these findings, (3) sponsor in the name 
of the Association itself a specific pro- 
gram or programs to such further extent 
as may be needed and desirable. 

To have such leadership assumed by the 
Association would bring increased 
strength to the Library and to the Asso- 
ciation as well. The Library would, of 
course, gladly aid in every way it prop- 
erly could in furtherance of such a de- 
sirable end. 

Yours sincerely, 

(signed) Milton E. Lord 

Miss Louisa S. Metcalf 
President, Boston Public Library 
Professional Staff Association 

Overheard at a lecture by Lincoln 
Kirstein at the Museum of Fine Arts: 

First Lady: What were you telling me 

about him when we came in? 

Second Lady: Oh — his father gave the 
city a lovely library-- 
one of our southern 
branches- -for the newsboys 

and the people of the neighborhood. 

P. McF. 



Special Committee on In-Service Training 

Louisa Metcalf, Chairman 
Bradford Hill 
Dorothy Nourse 
Robert Roper 
Ruth Williamson 

Men's House Committee 

Charles Murphy, Chairman 
Harry Fletcher 
William DiRosario 
Sidney Weinberg 
Leonard Kant or 


Edward X. Casey, Chairman 
Catherine MacDonald 
Alberta Renzaglia 


Beatrice M. Flanagan, Chairman 

Frank Bruno 

Mary Daly 

Pauline Eaton 

B. J. O'Neil 

Dorothy Becker 

Evelyn Levy 

Evelyn Marden 

Staff Library 

Edna Peck, Chairman 
Geraldine Altman 
Ollie Partridge 
Alice Waters 
Harry Andrews 


Sarah W. Flannery, Chairman 
Mary Daly 
Lois Shoemaker 

Pauline Winnick 


Bridie O'Connell, who has left us to 
be married, was entertained at two nice 
parties before her departure. On 
February 18 Mrs. "fright gave a dinner in 
her honor at which she was presented 
with a silver-handled salad fork and 
spoon, and on Thursday evening February 
26 about forty of her friends gathered 
together to wish her happiness at a 
shower. Bridie, long a favorite with 
her colleagues, left the following day 
for New York. It is hard to realize 
that her resignation comes after twenty 
years of service, she having worked in 
the library from the time she was in 
high school. During the war she served 
as a first lieutenant in the Marine 
Corps and can tell some mighty fine 
stories of the war as it was fought on 
the Quant ico front. Our best wishes for 
ev^ry happiness go to Bridie. 

On March 5, 1948 a well-attended 
shower was given to Miss Gussene Guveyan 
of the Cataloging and Classification De- 
partment, Reference Division, in the 
Women's Lounge, from 5-7. Miss Guveyan 
was most pleasantly surprised and re- 
ceived many lovely gifts. 

The lounge was appropriately decorated 
for the occasion and refreshments were 
served. Miss Guveyan became Mrs. John 
Hatzik on March 14, 1948 and was a very 
beautiful bride. 

l pa 





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Published by the 
Boston Public Library- 
Professional Staff Association 
Editor : Sarah W. Flannery 

Volume III 
Number 4 
April 1948 


The regular Spring meeting of the 
B.P.L.F.S.A. will be held on Friday morn- 
ing, May 21, 1948 c This is one of the 
three scheduled business meetings pro- 
vided for in the Constitution, Everyone 
who can arrange to be present is urged to 
do so. 

We are extremely proud of our new cover 
with its picture of the approach to the 
Library. We think it adds an air of dis- 
tinction to the Question Mark and wish to 
thank Miss Muriel Figenbaum of the Print 
Department to whom we are indebted for 
the design and its execution. We were 
unable to tell you about it last month as 
we did not expect to have the cover until 
this month's issue, but Miss Figenbaum 
surprised us as we were going to press by 
being a month ahead of schedule. 

Dixon Wecter has an article entitled 
"Can metaphysics save the world?" appear- 
ing in the April 10 issue of the Saturday 
Review of Literature which is well worth 
our consideration. It contains some 
thought-provoking comments on the limita- 
tions of the Great Books Program which 
all of us who are interested in fostering 
such a program should bear in mind. In 
the same connection Henry Seidel Canby's 
editorial in the April 24th issue of the 
same magazine should be mentioned. He 
briefly points up the pertinence of what 
Mr. Wecter has to say and stresses the 
importance in this materialistic age of 
restoring the "pipe lines" to our store 
of culture. (While we are no advocate of 
a return to the golden age of the past, 
yet we feel that in this age of confusion 
an acquaintance with and appreciation of 
the milestones in human thought may well 
give courage and hope.) 


New Staff Members 

Mrs Selma Zimmerman, Roslindale Branch. 

Mary C. O'Brien, Book Stack Service. 

Alice R. Nuttall, Cataloging and 
Classification Department, Circulation 
Division. Formerly part-time at Hyde 
Park Branch. 

Mrs Jenny L. Malchman, Reference Divi- 
sion Office. 

Mary L. Mowles, Dorchester Branch. 
Formerly in part-time service of the 

Tyyne M. Saari, North End Branch. 

Annette L. Shapiro, Personnel Office. 


Ruth M. Gomes, from Dorchester Branch 
to Washington Village Branch. 

Ruth F. Nagle, from Hyde Park Branch to 
Cataloging and Classification Department, 
Reference Division. 


Kathryn J. Bennett, Book Stack Service. 

Elizabeth J. Lindop, Book Stack 

Jane K. Potter, Fine Arts Department, 
to live in New York. 

Louise Dyring, Business Branch, to re- 
turn to school. 

Patricia L. Keegan, Information Office. 

Mildred R. Adelson of Jamaica Plain 
Branch and Simmons College Library School 
had a rewarding week of field work in New 
York at the Nathan Strauss Branch which 
serves a public under twenty-one years of 
age and the 135th Street Branch which 
houses the famed Schomberg Collection of 
Negro literature. She was able to in- 
clude, too, a day on the Bookmobile cov- 
ering New Dorp, Staten Island, 


Marie Pineo added to her experience at 
the Mattapan Branch a week of Simmons 
field work at the Boys' and Girls' 
Library, Toronto, Ontario. 


Mildred R. Adelson, Assistant, Jamaica 
Plain Branch. Joseph H. Center Scholar- 

Roger P. Bristol, Probationary Assist- 
ant, Cataloging and Classification De- 
partment, Reference Division. Daniel 
Sharp Ford Trust Scholarship. 

Esther J. Leonard, Assistant, Teachers' 
Department, Francis Skinner Scholarship. 

Anne L. Moore, Assistant, Open Shelf 
Department. Daniel Treadwell Scholarship! 



The April issue of the Wilson Library 
Bulletin contains an interesting article 
on "Long life to the library history 
round table", by Stanley Pargellis, in 
which the advantages derived if librar- 
ians become more conscious of library 
history are pointed out. An interesting 
sidelight is that there are no less than 
seventy-four librarians listed in the 
Di ctionary of American Biography . 

The same number of the Bulletin devotes 
several articles to present library serv- 
ice in foreign countries, from Great 
Britain to New Zealand. 

Of general interest are two items in 
the Library Journal , April 1, 1948, 
Grace W. Estes describes library-sponsored 
radio programs about books in an article 
entitled "People are almost sure to 
listen in," pp. 532-535. A brief summary 
of a reading-trend survey, "Reading for 
Pleasure on Wane," indicates shifted 
emphasis in the reading interests of the 
public. Statistics are given to show 
the extent and direction of change. 



For those of you who have not already 
seen it, the ALA Bulletin for March 1948 
has a table showing "Revised minimum 
salary schedules" which were adopted by 
the ALA Council January 31, 1948. The 
schedules are based upon currently spi- 
raling living costs, and supersede all 
previous schedules. 

Here are the facts which most pertain 
to the BPL: 

Basic minimum salary for ALA (as of March 
1948) and BPL (as of January 1, 1947): 

lowest pro- 

Min . — Max . 
ALA $2800—3280 
BPL $1850—2100 

♦lowest sub- 

Min . — Max . 

* BPL uses term unclassified. 

The new scale of ALA was arrived at by 
adding to the basic lowest professional 
rate of $2100 of the previously existing 
ALA salary schedule a 33 l/2 per cent 
cost-of-living adjustment. 

It should be pointed out that the BPL 
schedule has a fluctuating minimum due 
to its system of equivalences for such 
things as languages, library school 
courses, etc. However, such equivalences 
would normally probably not amount to 
more than :„;300-350 or so. 

The ALA Board on Personnel Administra- 
tion which recommended the new salary 
schedule points out that "these standards 
have been developed with the full reali- 
zation that any salary schedule to be 
adequately understood must be considered 
in relation to the number of work-months 
per year, hours of work per week, number 
of holidays allowed with pay, provisions 
for sick leave..." The ALA schedules 
are based on a 12 months work-year which 
includes not less than 26 working days 
of vacation exclusive of holidays for 
professional staff, a work-week of not 
more than 40 hours, sick leave with pay 


of not less than 26 working days. The 
Board recommends that "despite the pres- 
sure to increase entering salaries to 
fill vacancies libraries should make 
salary adjustments only through the de- 
velopment of new pay plans.. .which will 
provide equitable adjustments for all 
grades of positions ." The Board empha- 
sizes that this is a national salary 
statement which must be adjusted accord- 
ing to regional and local variations. 

It is well to compare the library annual 
salary scale with the similar annual min- 
imum of $2400 (for 9- or 10- months) set 
up by the National Education Association 
as a national standard for entering 



There has been considerable favorable 
comment on the Theatre Party planned for 
Friday evening, April 30. This is writ- 
ten of course some time prior to that 
date and will not appear until after the 
occasion. The comment, however, together 
with the active interest shown leads one 
to believe that some such function as 
this might well be placed on a seasonal 
basis. All credit to the Program Com- 
mittee, ably led by Miss Flanagan, and 
to Mr. Frank Bruno who handled the ticket 

The "younger" element will be interest- 
ed to know that the Program Committee is 
inquiring into the possibility of a 
"moonlight sail" with all the trimmings 
sometime in June or a social evening with 
dancing on dry land during the same month 
Either project sounds promising. "Pops" 
is still a possibility. After having 
told the Program Committee that no 
tickets had been put aside for our use 
this season, the management very recent- 
ly discovered that a block of tickets 
was available after all. Possibly by the 
time this issue sees the light of day, 
arrangements for one or more of these 
events will have been completed. 

Miss Hayes, Treasurer, reports an ex- 
cellent return from the collection of 
dues inaugurated this year. This is en- 
couraging in that it demonstrates an 
essential unity among the membership and 
in addition provides a modest financial 
cushion against occasional needs. In 
this connection, Mr. Casey of the Member- 
ship Committee would like to hear from 
anyone who has not received the new mem- 
bership cards. 

Mr. McDonough reports that his Special 
Committee on C A R E has made an excel- 
lent beginning. There has been a very 
favorable reception accorded the idea 
throughout the membership. CARE it- 
self has given instant cooperation and 
has provided posters and literature. By 
the time this issue reaches you eight 
packages will have been dispatched. We 
hope soon to be in a position to publish 
the names of those librarians receiving 
packages and possibly to print such 
acknowledgments as may be received. 

The program is now one month old. Be 
as generous as your means permit. But 
for the accident of geography the present 
situation might well have been reversed. 

The Special Committee on In-service-- 
Training has inaugurated its study. 
Theirs is a particularly difficult task 
but one which may richly benefit the 
membership. The group, headed by Miss 
Metcalf, has adopted a wide horizon and 
if the present line of thought can be 
carried through to its intended objective, 
the Special Committee will probably pre- 
sent some recommendations which will 
pleasantly surprise the membership. 

The Director writes that a Staff Manual 
for this Library which has been in prep- 
aration for some time is now nearing com- 
pletion. Mr. Lord expresses the hope 
thet it may be available on or about May 
1. Those members of the Association who 
are unfamiliar with this type of publica- 
tion should visit the Staff Library and 


examine such manuals as are available 
there. Particularly noteworthy is the 
Enoch Pratt manual and the one recently 
issued by the Milwaukee Public Library. 

The mice seem to be under control. 

Members of the Association who plan to 
go to the SLA meeting in Washington or 
to the ALA. Convention in Atlantic City 
are invited to notify the Editor of the 
Question Mark . We v/ould like to print 
the names of members vho plan to attend. 
And if you would like to make up a party 
of congenial souls for either occasion, 
such a listing of names may help. We 
hope that the Association will have a 
goodly representation at both meetings. 

The Executive Board plans to ask cer- 
tain members to attend specific sessions 
and to prepare a digest of the proceed- 
ings for presentation to the Board. 
Eventual publication of such digests in 
the Question Mark is currently envisaged. 

We hope that proximity has not blinded 
the membership to the work of the 
Conference on State Aid for Libraries in 
Massachusetts. Excellent summaries of 
the work of the Conference are available 
in the mimeographed proceedings which are 
distributed periodically. The efforts of 
the Conference may well have a direct 
bearing upon the future of library work 
in this State for many years to come. 

Mr. Gillis, Branch Catalog Department, 
of the Special Committee on Personnel 
Rating, advises that comments on and sug- 
gestions about the recent rating of per- 
sonnel should be forwarded to him at once. 
The Special Committee will soon begin its 
study and calls attention to the fact that 
concrete suggestions from the membership 
should provide the direction the study 
should take. 



It is very gratifying to learn that 
the Trustees have once again voted ALA 
Conference grants for the coming conven- 
tion et Atlantic City. It is good to 
have a Board of Trustees who recognize 
the need for professional activity and 
intellectual stimulus outside of the 
library unit, and who are ready to en- 
courage its librarians to seek this. 

Last year there were offered five sim- 
ilar grants of $100,00 each, and the 
Conference was held in California. The 
question arises: xvould it not be more 
beneficial to the Library as a whole, and 
proportionately fairer to those applying 
for grants, if there viere to be more 
grants of lesser amounts, thus enabling 
a larger number of staff members to go to 
Atlantic City? Presumably those members 
applying for grants have already made 
tentative plans which involve some con- 
templated financial outlay. Could not 
amounts be granted towards defraying ex- 
penses, say 10 grants of $50 or 7 grants 
of §75, to which recipients could add as 
the necessity would demand? 

It has been stated to me that perhaps 
one reason for deciding on five grants 
of $100,00 is that were the amounts of 
the grants reduced, such action might 
cause some feeling that those attending 
this year's conference are being dis- 
criminated against, in comparison with 
recipients of the grants last year. 
However, considered from the angle of 
distance, a $100,00 grant to go to Los 
Angeles covers a considerably smaller 
proportion of the total expenses than the 
same amount for Atlantic City. We feel 
that no one would object to receiving a 
smaller grant for a trip to Atlantic City 
than for a journey to Los Angeles and 
would recognize the fairness of scaling 
the grants according to the distance 
travelled. In this way more people could 
attend when the conventions were nearer 
home j and the Library would benefit in 
having a greater number of its staff at- 
tend the Conventions, 


Dear Soap Box Editor: 

We know that you are always open to 
suggestions; so, here's one! 

We suggest that a new column be added 
to the Question M ark ; that the column be 
called Heard an d Overheard ; and that con- 
tributions to it may be made without sig- 
natures or initials. 

Below is a suggested "first edition" of 
the column. 




Heard and Overheard 

How did we ever live without a five- 
day week? A vote of thanks to those who 
made it possiblel 

Staff members have appreciated the 
Trustees giving of their valuable time 
for attendance at recent library 

It certainly was a happy thought that 
prompted the Administration to provide 
an attractive Women's Lounge with com- 
fortable chairs. It makes an ideal set- 
ting for small showers, teas, and similar 

Why is it that the Library rarely makes 
the Boston daily papers? Such affairs as 
were recently held at the North End and 
South End Branch Libraries were a credit 
to the City of Boston and its Library 

Members of the public, young and old, 
ft&fs expressed gratitude for the oppor- 
tunity of seeing excellent libra ry-o\vned 
films in branch library programs and 
central lunch hour showings. (The staff, 

The Buildings Department deserves a 
hearty "Thank You" for the grand job it 
did this winter of keeping the platform 
and steps in front of and on the sides 
of Central Library cleared of snow and 

Why not 5 scholarships and 4 ALA 

It would seem more appropriate, because 
of the geographic location of Atlantic 
City, if the grants for the ALA Conven- 
tion could have been spread out to num- 
ber 10 grants at $50.00 each instead of 
5 grants at $100.00 each. 

Sunny days are here again, 
have been washed. 

The windows 

Here's the $64 question: When are ap- 
pointments to be made to fill the ever- 
increasing number of vacancies in titular 
positions? There were many qualified 
individuals before personnel rating 
sheets were introduced, and there were 
vacancies then, tooj Postponement of 
appointments puts the skids under morale, 
and down, down, down it goes I 

President's Notes is an excellent 

addition to The~Quostion Mark. 
Congratulations, Mr. HigginsJ 

******* ** * 


To an Annonymous Letter Writer: 

Your two suggestions have been received 
and have received due consideration. 

Referring to the clocks in the Women's 
Lunch room and Lounge, we have been in- 
formed that it will be possible to in- 
stall electric clocks in the two rooms 
by the fall of 1948, when the Library 


vn.ll probably be on A. C. Meanwhile, 
your Committee will try to keep the 
clocks turned back to somewhere near the 
right time. 

As for the Soap problem — this should 
not be a problem at all. There is plenty 
of soap at present, and we promise to see 
that there will be enough at all times. 

Keep your suggestions coming. But 
don't bother to write letters. You know 
your Committee and just speak to any of 

Anna L. Manning 

Chairman, Women's House Committee 


To celebrate the marriage of Irene T. 
Bixler, Mrs. Joseph Lyons since April 
29th, the Information Office and a few 
intimate friends from the Library gave 
her a shower in the lounge, Monday, April 
26th. Decorated by the office members, 
the tea table's central feature was the 
present. This silver wrapped package 
disclosed a set of Rogers Brothers silver 
in the new Remembrance pattern. The 
kitchen shower which followed the tea 
gave Irene a domestic collection of 
strainers, knives, holders, measuring 
cups, and spices and added an amusing 
touch to the party. 

A former member of the staff, Patricia 
L. Keegan, attended and was greeted with 
open arms and presented with a corsage. 



At the Codman Square Branch Library 
when a child succeeds in filling his 
library card without paying a single 
fine, his name is printed on an arrow 
which hits the outer ring of a large 
target. As a child fills one unstarred 
card after another, he earns his place 
in the inner rings. The ultimate aim is 
the bull's eye, reserved for those who 
will have filled four cards without once 
enriching the fine fund. 

A previous device, using patchwork 

quilt squares for names of ever-prompt 
borrowers, worked so well that this was 
a "natural" for Codman Square boys and 

Spring was celebrated early this year 
at the Dorchester Branch Library. A 
miniature tulip garden with a realistic 
Dutch windmill in the background was 
made in the corner of the Children's 
Room. The tulip garden is a growing 
proposition. Every time a child fills a 
card a tulip with the name of the child 
on it is planted in the garden. This 
colorful exhibit was photographed by the 
Traveler photographer and appeared in 
that paper on April 13, 1948. 

The East Boston Branch Library twice a 
week during the fall, winter, and spring 
as part of its visual educational pro- 
gram has offered educational movies to 
every child who is a library borrower. 
Tickets to the seating capacity of one 
hundred eighty are given to the children 
when they charge their books, a different 
color for each show. A guard of honor, 
patrons with "outstanding good behavior," 
acted as ushers and helped with disci- 
pline. The many children pouring over 
the posted lists of guard members proved 
that it is a coveted privilege to help 
with the movies. Each Thursday at seven, 
the teen-age patrons and Fridays at four, 
the elementary children lined up, ticket 
in hand, in the children's room before 
filing to the lecture hall. 

During the part year there have been 
many types and kinds of movies borrowed 
from many sources. The most popular 
film, from a poll taken in March, was 
"Treasure Island," a cut end adapted 
Hollywood film. "Tom Sawyer" and "David 
Copperfield", our film favorites, stimu- 
lated new interest in the classics. 

Through pictures the audiences have 
studied such important industries as 
lumbering in "Trees and Homes", oil in 
"A New Frontier", and railroads in "Main 
Line U. S. A." The magic film carpet has 
taken children to China, South America, 


Mexico, Poland and Alaska. Under guid- 
ance of a knowing naturalist, animals in 
the National Parks have been hunted with 
a camera. "Music in America", "Telephone! 
Hour", filmed from the popular radio 
program, and the "House I Live in", with 
its message of brotherhood, were three 
musical movies. The gay marionettes of 
"Party Line" and Disney's seven dwarfs in 
"Scourge of the Mosquito" were effective 
media for educational lessens. 

Various techniques in presenting an 
educational film have developed. Each 
film must be previewed for content, for 
physical condition and suitability. 
Whenever possible concrete objects are 
used to attract the attention. For the 
film on aluminum, the staff coffee pot, 
cup, and pan demonstrated some used of 
this metal. Colorful plastics, a by- 
product of coal, introduced the "Magic of 
Coal." Souvenirs of Alaska and Mexico 
created immediate interest. The contents 
of the pictures are outlined briefly and 
the audience told what to notice. Some- 
times this is done by true-false ques- 
tions, often by a brief quiz. At the end 
of the picture a brief check is made. 
This serves also to keep the audience 
seated when the lights go on and prevents 
after-movie noise and confusion. Then a 
film breaks or there are other complica- 
tions, impromptu stories or book talks 
are used to fill the delays. A book quiz 
is also a happy solution to an emergency. 

Many are the problems and perplexities 
of library movies as each show has its 
story and unexpected complication. Al- 
though movies are a constant challenge to 
the ingenuity, they are a decidely worth- 
while and vital part of the library pro- 

The East Boston Branch held its third 
Open House from seven to ten o'clock on 
Wednesday, March 31st. To make the com- 
munity aware of the many functions and 
activities of the library, exhibits of 
the various types of work were on display 
in the adult and children's rooms. 
Statistical posters around the adult room 
graphically depicted the book collection, 
number of books circulated, amount and 

number of fines, school work, etc. Other 
displays demonstrated the processes of 
book preparation and mending. A hint of 
the activities of the children's depart- 
ment was given by case and table displays 
of "Miss Hickory", "Robin Hood", circus 
clowns, and the Mexican village. Posters 
advertising the movies, story hour, a 
summer reading club, and the library 
clubs were also on exhibition. 

The branch librerian, at the program 
held in the lecture hall, reported on the 
use of the community gifts, the moving 
picture projector, and electric phono- 
graph. She strted that 5,743 boys and 
girls had attended the library movies 
between October and March 31st. Of these 
2,973 attended the Thursday evening teen- 
age shows and 2,770 the Friday afternoon 
performances. Mr. Lord and Mr. Masterson 
spoke on the Friends of the Library. The 
meeting was then turned over to Mr. Albert 
West, President Pro Tern of the Friends of 
the East Boston Branch Library. A con- 
stitution was adopted and officers were 

In the social hour which followed punch 
and cookies were served in the children's 
room. Miss Catherine Flannery and Miss 
Christiana Jordan (Branch Librarians, 
Orient Heights and Jeffries Point) pre- 
sided at the punch bowls. 

"The Family Reading Club" at Jamaica 
Plain Branch Library meets to discuss 
books and topics of interest to our pa- 
trons. So much interest has been aroused 
that it was decided to hold monthly meet- 
ings, followed by discussions. 

The first meeting, of a trial nature, 
was the direct result of the keen inter- 
est shown by patrons in discussing the 
books they had been reading. These pa- 
trons were very much interested to think 
question-and-answer sessions would follow 
the book talks. 

The first review, conducted by Mrs. 
Evelyn F. Green, and dedicated to 
Brotherhood Week, brought thirty men and 
women despite the severe weather and 
travel conditions. Invitations had been 

issued announcing the topic, date, place, 
and a request to bring their library- 

The neighborhood served by the Jamaica 
Plain Branch is composed of people of 
varying ancestries. "Brotherhood Week" 
had the aim of bringing not only educa- 
tional benefits, but also the understand- 
ing of the common American heritage to 
these men and women of diversified cul- 
tural backgrounds. 

The next review, Thursday, March 25th, 
was conducted by Mrs. Irene H. Tuttle, 
who spoke on the "Home-Making Merry-Go- 
Round". All of our guests were most keen 
in their appreciation, and voiced the 
fact that they did not realize there vrere 
so many up-to-date books on this diversi- 
fied subject. The field was large, cook- 
ing, home decoration, flower arrangement, 
dressmaking, etc. Many books have cir- 
culated from this review, and the inter- 
est still lives. 

April 26, the meeting was conducted by 
Miss Rebecca E. Willis, Branch Librarian, 
and was on gardens and included the 
larger gardens on farms, plus such biog- 
raphies as the two by David G. Fairchild, 
The world grows around my door and The 
world was my garden; also, Ray Stannard 
Baker's I am an American . 

One more book review is to be conducted 
in May by Mrs. Evelyn Green. Her subject 
will be biography. 

We are anticipating continuing these 
reviews in the fall. 

Rebecca E. Willis 

A modern poetry group is being initiated 
at the Mattapan Branch Library under the 
leadership of Cid Corman, poet. Its be- 
ginning meetings have attracted a nucleus 
of interested adults. 

Mr. Corman received the Avery Hopwood 
Award at the University of Michigan. 
Previously, while studying for his degree 
in literature at Tufts College, he was a 
part-time assistant at the Mattapan 

and Business Branches and in the Open 
Shelf Department. At present, he is 
studying with John Ciprdi. 

The group -- which will be limited to 
approximately fifteen participants — 
meets Wednesday evenings, from 7:30 to 9 

Some seventy-five citizens of the 
Readviile community gathered in the local 
chapel on Tuesday evening, April 27th, to 
pay tribute to Mrs. Edith H. Bailey, re- 
cently retired Branch Librarian of the 
Phillips Brooks Branch Library, 12 
Hamilton Street, Readviile. Music was 
furnished by a group of students from the 
Roslindale High School. Letters were 
read from former residents who had been 
the recipients of Mrs. Bailey's kindness 
during their stay in the community. High 
tribute was given to Mrs. Bailey for her 
untiring efforts to give unstintingly of 
her time and wide experience to those 
seeking help from the library. During 
her sixteen years with the Phillips 
Brooks Branch she made a host of friends 
in the community. Their appreciation 
found expression when she was presented 
with a beautiful wrist watch on behalf of 
the community. Refreshments brought a 
very pleasant occasion to a happy ending. 
The best wishes of the staff are with 
Mrs. Bailey in these days of her very 
active inactivity. 

On Tuesday, April 27, South End Branch 
celebrated its 70th year of library ser- 
vice to the community. A distinguished 
group of neighbors and friends gathered 
for the Open House Day program at 4 
o'clock. Miss Kingman, Branch Librarian, 
as mistress of ceremonies, welcomed the 
assembled guests and introduced the 

Mr. Masterson and Mr. Lord spoke on be- 
half of the library administration. The 
Girls' Choir of Holy Cross Cathedral gave 
a number of songs, a capella, under the 
direction of Miss Mary M. Herlihey. 
Eminent members of the community took 
this opportunity to express their 


appreciation of the work done at South 
End Branch. Interesting side-lights were 
given on the history of Boston's South 
End, and emphasis was laid upon the in- 
fluence for good which this district's 
many institutions carry throughout 
Greater Ecston. Among the speakers were 
Mrs. Robert A. Woods, widow of the found- 
er of South End House; Mr. Joseph H. 
Farren, the outstanding authority on the 
history of the South End; Mrs. John J. 
Cronan, who originated the library's pro- 
gram of story-telling for children at 
South End Branch; Mrs. Lucy Mitchell of 
Robert Gould Shaw House; Miss Wilhelmina 
Crosson, President of the League of Women 
for Community Service; Mr. Douglas Kalsted, 
Director of the South End Boys' Club; 
Reverend William B. Foley, Administrator 
of Holy Cross Cathedral; and Reverend 
Michael F. Mcphelim, S.J., representing 
the clergy of the Immaculate Conception 
Church, concluded the program with a 
blessing on the audience, the library, 
and its activities. 

Among the guests were Miss Clara L. 
Maxwell, Branch Librarian Emeritus of 
South End; Miss Marian Shumway, retired 
member of the staff of the Director's 
office; Mr. Allan Rohan Crite and his 
mother, Mrs. Annamae Crite; Reverend Mr. 
Roy B. Wintersteen, Pastor of the First 
Church of Roxbury; Dr. Charles F. 
Cogswell, probably the only surviving 
member of one of Peary's earlier expedi- 
tions to the Arctic, and Mrs. Cogswell; 
Monsignor Augustine B. Dalton; and Miss 
Teresa G. Sheridan, sister of the late 
Miss Margaret Sheridan, Branch Librarian 
Emeritus of South End, and the late Miss 
Minnie Sheridan who was on the Central 
Library staff. 

Exhibits included the original record 
of the Mercantile Library Association 
which showed the legal transfer of the 
8000 volumes from that Library to the 
Library of the City of Boston, this being 
the foundation of South End Branch; the 
model of the proposed South End Housing 
Project; paintings from the Children's 
Art Center on Rutland Street; children's 
books of long ago from the collection of 
Miss Alice Pearse, lent through the 
courtesy of Fellowes Athenaeum Branch 

Library; old-fashioned dolls from the 
private collection of Miss Grace Turner; 
and pictures, newspapers clippings, etc., 
pertinent to the occasion. 

At the conclusion of the program, re- 
freshments were served to the guests by 
the members of the staff. 

North End Branch, in celebration of the 
dedication pnd first public exhibition of 
Miss Henrietta Macy's famous model of the 
canal facade of the Palace of the Doges 
in Venice, held a gala open house on 
Tuesday evening, April 6. Excellent en- 
tertainment was furnished by talented 
young people and women of the district. 

Miss Joan Marie Sandrelli, Carlos Faria, 
and Pasquale Simbole beautifully rendered 
several piano selections; an excellent 
repertoire of songs was presented by the 
Christopher Columbus High Girls' Glee 
Club with Vanda Giglio as soloist; and 
the Mothers' Club of the North End Union 
delighted the audience with their dancing 
of the Tarantella and other Italian folk 
dances in native costume. 

Miss Mary U. Nichols, Branch Librarian 
at North End, welcomed over 300 people of 
the district and staff members of the 
Boston Public Library who were present to 
hear the interesting talks given by Mr. 
Masterson, Italian Consul-General Miraldi, 
Miss Rose Di Pasquale, and Mr. Lord. 
After the delightful concert and dedica- 
tion addresses, refreshments were served 
to climax an enjoyable evening. 


S?' V* 


U DL1 




Published by the 
Boston Public Library- 
Professional Staff Association 
Editor; Sarah W. Flannery 

Volume III 
Number 5 
May 1948 


The letter from "One who likes to '''York 
in a Clean Library" calls for a clari- 
fication of the editorial policy of this 
paper. We wish to be open at all times 
for expressions of opinion from members 
of the staff. However, instances such 
as the above are really complaints of 
one department against another, and we 
do not feel that the Question Mark is 
the place for such criticisms to be aired. 
They are the business of the Department 
Heads concerned and can always be taken 
up between them. If differences cannot 
be ironed out on this basis we feel sure 
that the Division Heads involved are 
both willing and capable of solving the 
difficulties. Therefore we wish to state 
that the present editorial board of the 
Question Mark is not publishing any more 
items in which individual departments of 
the Library are criticized. 

While the matter is before us, we wish 
to remark that we have never experienced 
any "difficulty in receiving adequate 
cleaning service." Our requests for such 
have been met promptly and courteously. 
We also feel that the maintenance staff 
does an excellent job of keeping the 
Library building clean (we have experi- 
ence only in Central) especially when one 
considers the magnitude of the task due 
to the location of this Library, a public 
building, in close proximity to two rail- 
road stations and a railroad switch yard. 


Sarah M. Usher, Chairman, Office of 
Records, Files, and Statistics. 

John M. Carroll, General Reference De- 

B. Joseph O'Neil, Periodical and News- 
paper Department. 

Evelyn Levy, Brighton Branch. 

Mary J. Obear, Uphams Corner Branch. 

New Staff Members 

Mrs Dorothy Bavicchi, Hyde Park Branch. 

Mrs Mary T. Miller, Roslindale Branch. 

Marion J. Manthorne, West End Branch. 

Merie T. Cronin, TW est Roxbury Branch, 
(formerly in the part-time service at 
West Roxbury Branch). 

Lucy E. Cassidy, Trustees Office. 


Mildred E. Francis, from the Branch 
Issue Department to the Business Office. 

Mary E. Lyons, from East Boston Branch 
to the Information Office. 

Returned from Military Leave 

Ralph Sullivan, Book Stack Service. 


Joan J. Eickhoff, West End Branch, who 
is moving to California. 

Alida 0. Vanamee, Information Office. 


Mr and Mrs Frank Bruno announce the 
birth of a baby son, Stephen Paul Bruno, 
born on April 3, 1948, their second child 
and first son. 


Argentine delegation now studying 
American library services and buildings. 
Members of the party: 

Sr. Don Leandro Reynes, Argentine con- 
gressman and chairman of the joint con- 
gressional committee on Library affairs. 

Sr. J. Reynaldo Perrotto, assistant di- 
rector of the Argentine Library of 


Sr. Oscar Nasjleti, Argentine lawyer and 


The party was accompanied by the 
Argentine Consul. 



Toward the latter part of April, and 
too late for inclusion in the Questio n 
Mark of that month, the Vice-President 
and the President received a very kind 
invitation from the Director to attend a 
reception tendered to the newly designat- 
ed Trustee, the Honorable Frank J. 
Donahue. During the course of a very 
pleasant occasion there was opportunity 
to greet Judge Donahue in the name of the 
Association and to chat with the other 
members of the Board. 

There was a wondrous mix-up concerning 
the original date for the Spring Meeting. 
We trust that no one was inconvenienced 
by the postponement and that those who 
had planned to attend on the original 
date found it possible to be present on 
May 28. 

The Association extends its best wishes 
to The Reverend Robert H. Lord and Mr 
Frank W. Buxton who were recently elected 
President and Vice-President respectively 
of the Board of Trustees for the coming 

The Special Committee on CARE is com- 
pleting a busy month - the second under 
the program authorized by the Executive 
Board. The results of last month's ef- 
forts were heartening. There will be a 
special notice sent out early in June re- 
porting the results of the activity dur- 
ing May. 

The success of this activity reflects 
greatest credit on the membership. The 
Special Committee has tried to avoid the 
usual type of appeal believing that all 
of us are sufficiently intelligent to 

realize the urgency of the occasion. It 
is a tribute to the membership that no 
more was required than the provision of 
the means whereby the activity could be 
set in motion. The nickels and dimes 
have mounted up in impressive fashion. 

We were invited to attend the unveiling 
of the portrait of Mr John Deferrari held 
on Thursday morning, May 20, in the Abbey 
Room. The ceremony was a striking one 
and befitted the occasion in every re- 
spect. The Abbey Room was magnificent, 
presenting an appearance under its new 
lighting which could be approached in few 
public buildings. 

As His Honor the Mayor said, Mr 
Deferrari, by the establishment of the 
Foundation, has joined the ranks of Boston's 
immortals. The income of the Foundation 
will provide the means whereby library 
service to the citizens of Boston may be 
immeasurably intensified. 

In another section of the Question Mark 
you will note the make-up of the Nominat- 
ing Committee, 1948. Having in mind the 
experience of the previous committee we 
feel it necessary to remind all members 
that their cooperation is requested. 

All can appreciate a situation where an 
individual finds it impossible to accept 
a nomination. Educational commitments 
or activity with other library groups are 
among the several sound reasons for a 
disinclination to assume leadership roles 
in this Association. It might be re- 
marked in passing however that not every- 
one is so preoccupied. 

The Nominating Committee will give much 
time and thought to its work during the 
next few months in order to secure a bal- 
anced group of nominees. They deserve 




The Family Reading Club of the Jamaica 
Plain Branch Library presented a book 
talk entitled "Lives of Our Great" on 
the evening of May 20th. Recent works 
were grouped under the heading of 
"Inspiration", "Biographical Fiction", 
"Literary Lights", "Men of Destiny", 
"Religious Inspiration", and "!5usical 
Recollections". Some of the books in- 
cluded in the discussion were Linduska's 
"My Polio Past", Fast's "Citizen Tom 
Paine", Winwar's "The Life of the Heart", 
Stone's "Immortal Wife", Maritain's "We 
Have Been Friends Together", and 
Spalding's "Rise to Follow". 

An audience of some thirty men and 
women of the neighborhood found the re- 
vie^v by Mrs Evelyn Green of great inter- 
est and so provocative that they borrowed 
many of the books later. 

For the past month a display entitled 
"Lives of Our Great" has been on view at 
the branch in preparation for this re- 
view, the last of the present series. 
It is planned to continue them early next 

On Thursday, the 20th of May, 180 girls 
from the Christopher Columbus Catholic 
High School came to the North End Branch 
Library in three groups to hear a talk on 
the Ducal Palace, and to see a Boston 
Public Library Film - The Instruments of 
an Orchestra . 

A Doll's Story Hour for 100 little 
girls and their dolls was held on Satur- 
day, May 22nd. The dolls ranged from 
limbless old favorites to plenty of 
Sparkle Plenties, and a few beauties im- 
ported from Italy. 

Forty-seven members of a Spring Reading 
Club, 37 girls and 10 boys, were taken to 
a May Party at the Arnold Arboretum on 
Saturday, May 29th. Picnic lunch, games, j 
and a May Pole Dance formed the program. 
The wide expanse of rolling green grass 
made a memorable impression on the young- 
sters from the North End - where the only 

grass is in Copp's Hill Cemetery and the 
traffic circle at Haymarket Square. 

On the occasion of the moving of the 
School Issue Department to its new loca- 
tion at 400 Shawmut Avenue, a very 
pleasant reunion of twenty-five past and 
present members of the department, with 
Beatrice M. Flanagan, its Chief, as guest 
of honor, was held at the Clarinda Room 
of the Hotel Myles Standi sh on the even- 
ing of May 26. The group enjoyed an ex- 
cellent dinner and an appropriate program, 
and then presented Miss Flanagan with a 
gift of luggage. Former staff members 
and friends whom everyone was happy to see 
included Emilia Lange, Seymore Anapolsky, 
Myron Greenside, Mary Wilmot, Mrs Margaret 
Shirar, Mrs Anne Sullivan Donovan, Mrs 
Gladys T. Ecker, Mrs Teresa Dowd Corcoran, 
Rosalyn Warner, Mrs Celeste LeVangie 
Higgins, Barbara Altman, Bill Zimmer, 
Arthur Cornelius, Evelyn Levy, Bella 
Di Dio, Mrs Kathleen Landrey McCormick, 
Georgia Nagle, Mrs Anna Scanlan, and Rose 
Baravella. Greetings were received from 
Pauline O'Melia, Phyllis Erickson, 
Phyllis Adams, and Alfred Levine. The 
committee chairman who planned the suc- 
cessful evening was Florence Adelson, 
also a former staff member, assisted by 
May McDonald and Irene Wadsworth. 



The first Great Book s Training Program 
for Greater Boston was completed on 
Tuesday evening, June 2. The following 
persons from the Boston Public Library 
were among the 43 members of the group: 

Marion Abbot 
Ada Andelman 
Roger Bristol 
Mary Louise Gilman 
Evelyn Green 
Virginia Ha vi land 
Helen Hirson 
Muriel Javelin 
Marion Kingman 
Frances Lepie 
Taimi Lilja 
Dorothy Nourse 


Mildred O'Connor 
Claire Smith 
Irene Tuttle 
Adele Wynne 

Two additional training courses are 
being planned for September. If you are 
interested in joining one of these 
courses, please see Miss Dorothea Davis, 
Circulation Division Office. 


The Adult Education Council of Greater 
Boston now has its headquarters office in 
the Boston Public Library. Muriel 
Javelin is the Executive Secretary of 
this organization. 


The afternoon of the unveiling of the 
Deferrari portrait, May 20, was high- 
lighted by a tea in the women's lounge 
for members of the staff. Daniel 
Webster's punch bowl graced one corner, 
filled with delicious brew (though proba- 
bly not to Webster's taste) and a seem- 
ingly never-ending supply of delicious 
cakes helped on the festive mood. Re- 
ports are that everyone thoroughly en- 
joyed himself. 'Specially Sammy Green! 



College and Research Libraries , vol. 
IX, no. 1, January 1948, contains an 
article by Harry N. M. Winton called 
"Documents and publications of the United 
Nations" which is a comprehensive exami- 
nation of the various types of documents 
put out by that body, both the processed 
documents for their own use and the 
printed documents which are for sale to 

In "Education for librarianship in the 
Americas" Arthur E. Gropp surveys the 
status of professional training in the 
various Latin American countries. This 
article appears in the Library Quarterly , 
vol. XVIII, no. 2. 

Of interest to those who work with or 
hope to work with a record collection is 
the article by Wm. J. Elliott: "Throw 
away those discs" appearing in the 
Library Journal , vol. LXXIII, no. 10, May 
15, 1948, in which he discusses the ad- 
vantages of magnetic recordings on wire 
and on tape and their application in 


To the Editor of the Question Mark: 

I present herewith a leaflet, "Clean- 
liness training and health education" 
which has an article that seems pertinent 
to library workers. "Each Plant Depart- 
ment may need its individual cleanliness 
standard" suggests an over-all study of 
health and housekeeping. I believe that 
certain departments heads of the Boston 
Public Library experience difficulty in 
receiving adequate cleaning service. 
T'ould a regular plant housekeeping in- 
spection be the answer? 


Ed. note: 

The leaflet mentioned in the above 
communication was published by the Clean- 
liness Bureau of the Association of 
American Soap and Glycerine Producers. 
Briefly it suggests that separate clean- 
liness standards be set up for different 
departments in a plant and that monthly 
inspections be made by a committee of 
four which would award prizes to depart- 
ments that scored high on the standards 
set for them. 

To the Executive Board: 

The recent promotional examination in 
German has caused some discussion among 
various staff members who question 
whether the knowledge of those certified 
for having completed several years 
German study in college is equivalent to 
that required to translate clearly the 
selections offered in the library exami- 
nation. Disregarding the technical 


library terminology included in the se- 
lections, it is doubtful whether any col- 
lege students not majoring in the subject 
are ever confronted with German written 
in such a difficult and obsolete syntax. 

Modern college language courses are 
constructed to give the student facility 
in reading German publications in his own 
field. There is a great difference both 
in vocabulary and style between literary, 
historical, scientific and journalistic 
German. Presumably a literature major 
would be fairly well equipped to trans- 
late the archaic literary German of the 
library exam, but a student accustomed 
to read scientific German competently 
would not. Since the library could not 
feasibly examine each candidate on se- 
lections from his specialized library 
field, it would seem equitable to give 
more general selections from standard 
reference works or selections in modern 
German from recent books and periodicals. 
The promotional French examinations ap- 
pear to have been constructed along these 
lines, and the reading ability required 
is more nearly equivalent to that gained 
by several years of study in college. 
The same policy adopted for the German 
examination would allow all candidates 
an opportunity to demonstrate a useful 
working knowledge of German equivalent to 
that possessed by those who have been 
certified for college study of the 

Would it be feasible for the Board to 
consider this matter further for sugges- 
tions about possible modification of 
future examinations? 

To the Editor of the Question Mark : 

To quote from the January 1, 1947, 
Boston Public Library Classification of 

Personnel and Staff Examinations in the 

Pr ofessional Library Service 
"^Advanced languages": "The 
will test for each language 
of an individual to read ord 
as found in the common run o 
eluding passages that are pr 
nical or abound in technical 
addition to translating into 

, p. 11, 
the ability 
inary prose 
f books, ex- 
imarily tech- 
terms. In 
English such 

passages of prose, there will be as well 
a testing of the ability of an individual 
to read title pages of books in each 

We would like to point out, having 
studied the German exams of the last few 
years, that the passages selected for 
translation are far from being "ordinary 
prose as found in the common run of 
books" and in some cases "abound in tech- 
nical terms." Anyone having a general 
knowledge of German would perhaps be able, 
with a dictionary, to render a reasonably 
intelligent "free" translation of such 
passages. However, even for some of the 
passages, much of the vocabulary is not 
to be found in a Heath's Standard or 
Cassell's New German Dictionary, partic- 
ularly technical or bibliographical terms. 
Nor can all of these latter terms be found 
in editions of bibliographical phrases. 

The paragraph quoted above mentions 
nothing about periodical title pages, 
one of which always appears in every 
language exam, and with highly technical 
phrases. One wonders if the "Historische 
vierteljahrschrift und fur Lateinische 
Philologie des Mittelalters" could be 
called "ordinary prose." I'm certain 
that none of the college courses in 
German, for which certification has been 
given, have included the specialized 
knowledge necessary to translate the 
technical phraseology appearing on title 
pages of books and periodicals in German. 
If a person who was brought up in Germany 
for twenty-five years and more was unable 
to translate the title-page selections of 
two of the recent German exams, how can 
one with three or so years of German be 
expected to have such specialized know- 


Mrs Ada Andelman 
Richard G. Appel 
Elizabeth Barry 
Dorothy K. Becker 
Roger P. Bristol 
Alice M. Buckley 
Margaret A. Calnan 
Grace Chippendale 


Anne F. Coleman 
Beatrice Coleman 
Helen A. Connell 
Orlando C. Davis 
Martha C. Engler 
Beatrice M. Flanagan 
Marjorie Gibbons 
Fanny Goldstein 
Elizabeth M. Gordon 
Mrs Evelyn Green 
Mrs Mary K. Harris 
A. Virginia Haviland 
Ruth Hayes 
Charles Higgins 
Muriel C. Javelin 
Abraham H. Kalish 
Marie R. Kennedy 
Marion C. Kingman 
Mrs Veronica Lehane 
Evelyn Levy 
Taimi E. Lilja 
Catherine MacDonald 
Margaret McGovern 
Anna Manning 
Mary Mannix 
Mrs Evelyn C. Marden 
Louisa Metcalf 
Ruth Michelson 
Margaret Morgan 
Dorothy Nourse 
Mildred O'Connor 
Helen O'Leary 
Edna G. Peck 
Edward H. Redstone 
Theodora B. Scoff 
Minna Steinberg 
Mary C. Toy 
Ruth Williamson 
Pauline Winnick 
Julia Zaugg 


Richard G. Appel 
John M. Carroll 
Fanny Goldstein 
Richard G. Hensley 
Mildred O'Connor 
Minna Steinberg 
Julia Zaugg 



The National Plan for Public Library 
Service (which I hope you have all read!) 
makes this statement on reasons for state 

"The state in general recognizes its 
responsibility for all its citizens. It 
has assumed increasing obligations 
through financial aid for schools, roads, 
agricultural extension, social security, 
workmen's compensation, and other func- 
tions of state concern. These grants are 
based on a recognition of the need of 
greater equality and uniformity in wel- 
fare provisions, and for raising social 
and educational standards. The arguments 
for state responsibility in these gener- 
ally accepted fields apply with equal 
logic to state aid for libraries. The 
library is potentially a great force in 
public education; its possibilities have 
scarcely touched the popular imagination 
because of the inadequate support which 
has become almost a traditional handicap. 
Fundamental to such aid from the state is 
the fact of great economic disparity be- 
tween different sections of the state and 
between urban and rural areas. Moreover, 
the increasing trend of revenues away 
from local to state treasuries intensi- 
fies the need for state assistance." 

Those of you who were at the State Aid 
Conference at Simmons on June 2 heard a 
little of what the Conference on State 
Aid for Libraries in Massachusetts and 
its committee are doing to bring about 
state aid for Massachusetts, and learned 
a few of the problems the Conference has 
run up against. Unfortunately for you 
who were not there, as far as we have 
been able to discover, no plans have been 
made to reproduce the talks given in the 
morning session. Perhaps the Conference 
itself or the Staff Association will ar- 
range to have copies made of the speeches 
since each talk contained interesting 
facts and interpretations which are nec- 
essary to a complete and intelligent 
thinking about a problem that is vital to 
each one of us. 


A few of the facts coming out at the 
Institute are: 

1. There are now 16 states with a fair- 
ly well delineated program of state 
aid not in operation. There are 11 
other states which have a definite 
plan for state aid drawn up and/or have 
requested (but not received) state aid 
funds. In 8 more states there is a 
committee at work considering the prob- 
lem of state aid to libraries. 

2. Massachusetts is unique in that 

a) its dominant form of local govern- 
ment is the town rather than the county 
which is found in most of the U. S.; 

b) virtually every town in Massachusetts 
has library service, while in some 
parts of the country there are large 
areas with no access to a library at 

3. There are several forms which devel- 
opment of larger units of library serv- 
ice as a result of state aid may take. 
It is proposed that the best type for 
Massachusetts would be the voluntary 
federation of several smaller libraries 
of an area with a regional central li- 
brary co-ordinating the area. A sug- 
gested plan for the state includes 
eleven possible regions, 

4. State aid to regions may be in the 
form of direct appropriations to in- 
dividual libraries, or may be through 
extended service offered by a regional 
library to the area served, the appro- 
priation being given to the regional 

5. Salaries of Massachusetts librarians 
are very low, with great variations 
even for similar positions in different 
areas, and there is a great need for a 
clearly defined salary policy. 

The next job of the Conference is two- 
fold. It must study and assimilate all 
of the background data it has been gath- 
ering in the past year with a view to 
drawing up satisfactory legislation to 
procure state aid for Massachusetts 
libraries. And it must educate the leg- 
islature, librarians and public of the 
state in order to assure support of the 
work of the Conference. 

R. W. 


On the ?.0th of May the portrait of Mr 
John Deferrari, generous benefactor to 
the Library, was unveiled. The painting 
is the work of the well-known artist 
Leopold Seyffert. At an impressive cere- 
mony in the Abbey Room the Mayor, the 
Trustees, and the Director publicly 
thanked Mr Deferrari for his generosity. 


i . -* ■ *• V 

fa mw f%\ 

_ i 



Published by the 
Boston Public Library- 
Professional Staff Association 
Editor: Sarah TTo Flannery 

Volume III 
Number 6 
Summer 1948 


The A,L.A. and S.L.A, conferences, re- 
ports of which are presented in this issue, 
were evidently most interesting and prof- 
itable gatherings to those who attended. 
Those of us who were not so fortunate are 
awaiting full accounts of events. Several 
of those who went have been kind enough to 
write for the Question Mar k stories ofvar- 
ious aspects of the conventions, especially 
those which are not likely to appear in 
the A.L.A. Bulletin or in Special Libraries. 

In the July 3 issue of the Saturday Re- 
view of Literature Harrison Smith has an 
editorial entitled "The Public Library 
Looks Ahead" which, based on notes of the 
convention, brings to the foreground the 
aims and function of librarianship. It is 
cheering to see in a periodical of national 
circulation so clear an exposition of the 
librarian's service to the community and 
of the plight of the underpaid librarian. 
It is also encouraging to note Mr. Smith's 
remark on the obvious neoessity of Federal 
and state aid to libraries. More articles 
of this sort in magazines of general cir- 
culation are what we librarians need to 
make the publio conscious of our true place 
in the community. 'Who will write us an 
article for the Saturday Evening Post or 
the Ladies Home Journal ? 

With summer here and vacations on every- 
one's mind, the news is not so extensive 
as usual, so the Question Mark too is 
taking a vacation until early September. 
To all of our friends we wish the best 
vacation possible, and a summer free from 
sunburn and poison ivy. 



New Staff Members 

Elaine Zeitler, Cataloging and Classifi- 
cation Department, Reference Division. 

Vanda Bertazzoni, Science and Technology 
Department • 

Lucy II. Manzi, Cataloging and Classifi- 
cation Department, Reference Division. 

Jeanne M. Fitzgerald, Book Stack Service. 

Rose L. LaConca, Book Stack Service. 


Victoria Venezia and Eileen T. Wilson, 
from Book Stack Service to Book Purchasing 

Department * 


Leona Nevler, Information Office. 

Staff Members Traveling in Europe this 

Jean Lamb, Rare Book Department. 

Ruth Nagle, Cataloging and Classifica- 
tion Department, Reference Division. 

Mary Rea, Book Purchasing Department. 

Marjorie Bouquet, Reference Division 

Mary Daly, Statistical Department, 


Dorothy Ployer, Stock Room, to Timothy 
Desmond, May 29, 1948, 



Library Visitors 

A group from Milwaukee visited the Boston 
Public Library June 23rd, Richard E. 
Krug, Librarian of the Milwaukee Public 
Library, the President of the Library Board 
of Trustees, Mr. Elmer A. Krahn, and Mr* 
Elmer Johnson, an architect. 

Miss Gwen Elliott, Johannesburg Public 
Library, South Africa, also visited us 
this month, 


The 39th Annual Convention of the S.L.A, 
was held in Washington from June 5th to 
12th. For those with 030.00 to spare a 
"post convention" tour was available to 
offer another day' s activity, 

While registering, I met Miss News come 
of Suffolk University (Boston) who had 
just finished reading proof on the first 
issue of the Microcard Bulletin , to be 
distributed at Atlantic City, What she 
had to tell me about that project was 
quite interesting and my convent ioiieering 
was off on a fine professional note. 

Scanning the Convention Program showed 
that there was a surfeit of programs of 
interest planned and reminded me of Miss 
Savord' s article in the May- June Special 
Libraries called "Seen from the Sidelines" 
that touched on the problem of the rela- 
tionship between the groups, and the Asso- 
ciation itself. "Future Indicative" was 
the theme of the Convention, "The Past" 
was not neglected and a Sunday tour of 
historic Washington followed by a program 
at the National Art Gallery gave the past 
its place in the program. On Monday the 
SLAers began to survey "The Present", the 
second portion of the program. It was also 
styled a "Federal Institute", The Library 
of Congress, the Library of the Department 
of Agriculture, the Government Printing 
Office, and the Army Medical Library pro- 
gram were the four major "Uncle Sam's 
Library Work Shops" explored. The G.P.O, 

offered the most surprises, I believe. 
The stream-lined activities, the ingenious 
planning, the use of film to facilitate 
correspondence, issuing their own checks, 
are all innovations, to mention a few 3 
that have expedited service. The Jules 
Verne atmosphere of the D. of A, Library 
is well known, of course. Innumerable 
other Federal agencies offered open house 
to the Convention in connection with this 
part of the program. 

On Wednesday the program turned to the 
"Future", Here one had to be guided by 
one's subject interest or specialty. Such 
institutions as the Carnegie Endowment for 
International Peace, the Brookings Insti- 
tution, Dumbarton Oaks, and the National 
Research Council offered a full program 
for anyone interested in the Social 
Sciences. The handling of United Nations 
documents seemed to be the most commonly 
discussed topic on the tours, L.C. plans 
to do a great deal of analyzing currently 
and is classing all the documents together. 
The C.E.I. P. has worked out its own scheme 
and plans to distribute it for constructrve 
criticism shortly. The Microcard program 
includes UN documents among its subscrip- 
tions, by the way. On Thursday the groups 
tool: over, Georgetown University enter- 
tained the University and College group in 
the morning. Recruiting was the topio 
under discussion. Plans for stimulating 
interest in library work as a career through 
every level down to grammar school were 
mentioned. In the afternoon Catholic Uni- 
versity extended its hospitality to the 
group and- Staff Manuals were discussed. 
The panel and audience had many ideas to 
exchange. A.L.A. activities were reported 
on in this area. Friday offered more group 
meetings, followed by a cruise on the 
Potomac to Marshall Hall, a local "Norem- 
bega 11 . 

All the while, of course, there were 
meetings of the convention in which your 
dues were raised, old and new officers 
greeted and plans for next year made, Mr. 
H. W. Wilson was awarded a U.S. Cat., with 
flashing eyes and bright gilt fur, in p]ace 
of an Oscar, for his contributions to the 


Lincoln Memorial is as lovely as ever at 
night, Corcoran Art Gallery has its appeal, 
although the National Art Gallery is in a 
class by itself, the food at Hall f s was 
fine, Folger is as lush and exclusive as 
ever, the weather was beautiful - but 
that's not Convention news* 


The 22nd annual conference of the Cath- 
olic Library Association met at Atlantic 
City, simultaneously with the American 
Library Association. 

The usual Library topics, such as Cata- 
loging and classification, Recruiting for 
librarianship, and Special libraries, were 
discussed. Particular stress was placed 
on elementary school libraries and work 
with children by Mrs. N. J. Cartmell of 
Queen's Borough Library, Miss Anna Kennedy 
of the New York State Department of Educa- 
tion and Miss Clara Kirch of the Newark 
Free Public Library. 

A paper on Eastern Catholic cultural 
heritage was read by Rev. Adolph Hrdlicker. 
Rev, Boniface Moll discussed western cul- 
ture under the title The Great Book Pro- 
gram. There have been many great books 
lists, and while not all educators agree 
on all of the titles to bo placed in this 
category, there are many books which arc 
rightly called great. And tho essential 
point is that they be known and read. 

At another session Rev, Harold Gardiner, 
S.J., literary critic of America, analysed 
Reading trends in America. Reports from 
public libraries show that the majority 
of their readers ask for books on psychol- 
ogy and psychiatry. International prob- 
lems come tenth on the list. Father Gard- 
iner characterized the books issued by the 
three leading book clubs as mostly medi- 
ocre or poor. On the best seller lists, 
the majority fade out after the second 
month. But the general trend is for 
thoughtful, serious reading for security 
and peace - on something to offset the 

fears and neuroses of our present times, 
and it is the task of the libraries to 
provide such material. 

Dr. Luther Evans talked at the Wednes- 
day luncheon and was highly entertaining. 
He prefaced his remarks, to a group com- 
posed largely of priests, brothers and 
nuns, by telling them that his father was 
a member of the Ku Klux Klan, and that all 
his life he "had heard lots of stories 
about Catholics". 

Tho Catholic Library Association now has 
1625 members, and the New England unit was 
well represented. 

The Conference ended with a trip to 
Philadelphia, where libraries were visited 
and luncheon served on the roof of the 
Philadelphia Public Library. 


Morale, the key to dynamic library ser- 
vice , was the challenging theme of the 
well-planned and ably-presented personnel 
institute and clinic conducted by the 
A.L.A, Board on Personnel Administration 
during the recent conference. Both the 
pre-conference institute, and the clinic, 
which was held daily during the conference 
consisted of five meetings each, in the 
course of which the following problems in 
staff relationships were touched upon: in 
the institute, (1) morale in relation to 
effective service and good personnel prac- 
tice, (2) recruiting, selection and per- 
sonnel utilization, (3) problems in salary 
administration, (4) service ratings, and 
(5) leadership and supervision^ in the 
clinic, (l) democracy in management, (2) 
training of supervisors, (3) staff orien- 
tation and training, (4) approaches to 
improved conditions: wage studies, classi- 
fication surveys, staff representation, 
grievance procedures, (5) esprit: the mark 
of success in staff relations. 


The keen interest in the discussions was 
evidenced by the large attendance and the 
lively audience participation at the meet- 
ings, While some of the discussions in- 
evitably verged on the obvious, the stand- 
ards which emerged in the course of the 
discussions were provocative of "soul 
searching" on the part of those engaged in 
supervision of any kind. Presented in the 
form of panel discussions, continuity and 
authority were lent to the sessions by the 
capable leadership of Mr, Louis J, Kroeger, 
a professional personnel consultant. 
Young, personable, poised, and realistic 
to his fingertips, Mr, Kroeger' s plain 
common sense and obvious understanding of 
people won the confidence of the audience, 
and made the librarians assisting him in 
the panels look to their professional 

As the writer unfortunately was not 
present at the first four meetings of the 
pre-conference institute, these jottings 
are concerned only with the highlighs of 
the final meeting of the institute and the 
five meetings of the clinic. Morale, 
which was the theme of the over-all pro- 
gram, was implicit in the individual dis- 
cussions. Broadly, anything in the em- 
ployee's environment which does not come 
up to his expectations was defined as a 
deterrent to morale. Recognizing the im- 
possibility of management to meet all em- 
ployee expectations, the importance was 
stressed of enlisting his cooperation and 
bringing him around to accepting the view- 
point of management in a given situation. 

At the beginning level, staff orienta- 
tion was emphasized as vital to providing 
the new employee with a clear understand- 
ing of the organization and its facilities, 
its place in the community, and its major 
policies and objectives, as well as an 
understanding of working conditions, and 
the rights, privileges, and obligations 
of employees. Methods suggested for im- 
plementing these objectives were: group 
talks with a follow up, staff manaals and 
bulletins, and leadership on the part of 
the staff organization in welcoming the 
new employee and stimulating in him desir- 
able attitudes. It was urged that manage- 

ment take the initiative in a program of 
staff training (as distinguished from 
orientation) directed toward improving 
working habits, enriching generally the 
background of the staff, and stimulating 
them to raise their sights by keeping 
abreast of new developments through semi- 
nars, institutes, and leaves of absence 
for professional study. 

Essential to a well-functioning staff is 
good supervision, and it was generally 
agreed that both the professional schools 
and libraries themselves are sadly remiss 
in training supervisors. Emphasizing the 
present inadequacies in this direction, 
Mr, Wheeler, (author of Education for li- 
brarianship) urged from the audience that 
courses in supervision bo incorporated in 
library school curricula. It was stressed 
that, ideally, no supervisor should be ap- 
pointed without first training him in a 
proper understanding of his new responsi- 
bilities, the job to be performed, the 
policies of the institution, and improving 
the morale and attitudes of his subordi- 
nates. In order to select and train pro- 
perly for supervision it was suggested 
that an evaluation or rating scheme was 
desirable, as well as a system of job 
classification, since it is impractical to 
train without specific objectives^ 

The following characteristics were con- 
sidered essential qualifications for a 
good supervisor: sympathy with staff, emo- 
tional stability, fairness, teaching abil- 
ity, willingness to delegate responsibil- 
ity, ability to make decisions, capacity 
for growth, a sense of humor, imagination 
and flexibility, ability to develop staff, 
a democratic attitude in sharing problems 
with the staff, the ability to represent 
management to the staff and vice versa, 
ability to admit mistakes, capacity for 
criticizing constructively and recognizing 
accomplishment, and capacity for planning, 
coordination, and direction. 

Since making policy, and making it work 
are inseparable, responsible employee par- 
ticipation in management was considered 
essential to the harmonious functioning 
of the organization, impairing neither the 


prestige nor the authority of management. 
Mr. Kaiser, librarian of the Newark Public 
Library, described democracy in management 
as common sense in management, at the same 
time criticizing the failure of staffs to 
accept fully the responsibility of parti- 
cipation (when it is encouraged) in prob- 
lems affecting their welfare. It was 
further urged that there should bo no se- 
crets in management, and that employees 
should be fully informed about all prob- 
lems in which they are concerned. Mecha- 
nisms suggested for achieving democracy 
in management are: staff organization 
participation, frequent staff meetings, 
with the pattern of the administrator 
meeting frequently with his immediate sub- 
ordinates to be followed down the line, a 
suggestion system honestly administered, 
with follow up and recognition, an open 
door policy, and a staff bulletin, 

A full bibliography was prepared by Mr. 
Kroeger for the institute, covering the 
many topics under discussion, A copy of 
this for anyone interested may be found 
in the Open Shelf Department. 


To Bermuda by plane directly from the 
A.L.A, Conference went Alice M, Buckley, 
Elizabeth M, Gordon, Virginia Haviland, 
Margaret A. Morgan. Our guess is that 
they will miss neither Convention Hall nor 
the Boardwalk in the lovely coral islands, 


Mr. Basil Hugh Thompson of the "Dorset 
Daily Echo", Dorchester, England, and Mr. 
Donald J, "Test visited the Codnan Square 
Branch, Dorchester, They enjoyed learn- 
ing of the Roman pavement at the Dorches- 
ter High School for Girls, a present from 
their Dorchester, and were introduced to 
Mr. N. Winthrop Robinson, President of the 
Dorchester Historical Society, who was 
pleased at the opportunity to act as their 
guide. . 



Beard, Charles A, President Roosevelt and 

the coming of the war. 1941. 
Bellaman, Henry and Katherine, Paris 

Mitchell of Kings Row. 
Brink, Frederick W, This man and this 

Buck, Pearl, Peony. 

Capote, Truman, Other voices, other rooms. 
Cecil, Lord David, Two quiet lives, 
Churchill, Winston. The gathering storm. 
Conklin, Groff, Treasury of science 

Cooper, Gordon, Your holiday in Britain. 
Crankshaw, Edward. Russia and the 

Cross, Hilton. Complete stories of the 

great operas. 
Derieux, Mary and Isabelle Stevenson. 

The complete book of interior decorating, 
Feikma, Feike, Chokecherry tree, 
Fitzgerald, F. Scott, This side of Para- 
Farley, James A, Jim Farley's story. 
Gilpatric, Guy, The canny Mr. Glencannon. 
Goudge, Elizabeth, Pilgrim's Inn, 
Harvin, Emily, The stubborn wood. 
Hirshberg, Al, The Braves ... the pick 

and the shovel, 
Hitrec, Joseph G. Son of the moon. 
Household, Geoffrey, Arabesque, 
Kurd, Charles, Washington cavalcade, 
Kaese, Harold, Boston Braves, 
Lochner, Louis P., ed. and translator. 

The Goebbels diaries. 
Mason, F, van Wyck. Eagle in the sky. 
Maynard, Theodore, A fire was lighted. 
Menen, Aubrey, Prevalence of witches. 
Miller, Mario That winter. 
Ogrizek, Dori, France, Paris and the 

Patman, Wright, Our American government, 
Paton, Alan, Cry, the beloved country. 
Rinehart, Mary R. Light in the window. 
Rolland, Romain. Essays on music, 
Shoen, Fulton J, Communism and the con- 
science of the West, 
Slater, Humphrey, The conspirator, 
Steinbeck, John, A Russian journal, 
Stewart, George, Fire, 
Sugrue, Thomas, Stranger in the earth, 
Sykes, Christopher, Four studies in 



Toynbee, Arnold. Civilization on triai. 
White, W» L, Lost boundaries, "*•- 
Wilder, Thornton. The Ides of March, 
Wood, Clement. Complete book of games. 

World Almanac 

Yerby, Prank, The golden hawk, 



On Saturday afternoon, June 5th, the 
former and present members of the staff of 
Parker Hill Branch honored the Branch Li- 
brarian, Miss Mary Sullivan at a surprise 
luncheon at the Hotel Bellevue. About 
thirty members responded, and twenty-one 
were able to attend. Among those present 

Marguerite D, Iiahoney 

Mary Ryan ■ 

Margaret Wood 

Rita Desaulniers 

Gertrude L. Bergen 

Mary T. C. Mannix 

Elizabeth M. Kernachan 

Ellen M, Glavin 

Catherine C. Kelly 

Julia Manning 

Beatrice G. Morrissey 

Lillian M, Belzer 

Margaret B, Lapan 

Katherine Sullivan 

Geraldine S, Herrick 

Anne S, Donovan 

Marie E. Murphy 

Bradford M, Kill 

Raymond E, Lundborn. 

Despite the inclement weather, it was 
an enjoyable afternoon and to many of 
those present a sort of reunion. The table 
was very prettily decorated with spring 
flowers and gay place cards. The gift of 
money, which was converted into silver, 
was enclosed in a miniature treasure chest 
lined with gold and attractively wrapped. 

Miss Sullivan made a short speech of 
acceptance in \yhich she paid tribute to 
those who had worked under her for their 
loyalty, sincerity and cooperation, 


Bradford M. Hill was elected vice presi- 
dent of the Boston chapter. Special Li- 
braries Association at the May meeting of 
the Association. Our congratulations, Mr, 



Since the Boston Pops has added to the 
prestige and importance of the "East Bos- 
ton Public Library" by its program publi- 
city, members of the B.P„L.P.S.A. may be 
interested in the following letter which 
was written under a Boston Public Library 

Written at: 

East Boston Branch 
276 Meridian Street 
East Boston 28, Mass, 

Mr. Lewis A, Carter, 

Assistant Manager, Boston Symphony 

Symphony Hall 
Boston, Mass, 

Dear Mr, Carter: 

The Boston Public Library Professional 
Staff Association was so pleased with our 
night at pops that I have been asked to 
make a reservation for next year, I am 
writing early because many members were 
disappointed that no tables were avail- 
able, although I inquired early last Feb- 
ruary. Please may we have 400 seats on 
the floor and 200 dollar seats in the fiist 
balcony for either Friday night May 7th 
or Friday night May 14th? Thank you for 
your courtesy in making this reservation. 

Yours very truly, 

(signed) Dorothy F, Nourse 
Branch Librarian. 


The editor offers humble apologies to 
those members of the staff who attended 
the A.L.A, and S.L.A. conventions, whose 
names did not appear on the list last 
month. We just did not hear about you, 
that is all. We are not attempting a 
corrected list since we ©annot be sure 
that it would be perfectly correct, and 
we do not wish to leave anyone off the 
list twice in a row! 






\-- - 



Published by the 
Boston Public Library 
Professional Staff Association 
Editor; Sarah 1?. Flannery 

Volume III 
Number 7 
September-October 1948 


Mr Kalish's letter in the "Soap Box" 
in which he states that the B.P.LcP-S.A. 
does not further the interests of the 
Library Staff except in social matters 
is a less than accurate interpretation 
of the situation. The Massachusetts law 
which states that a "labor organization" 
is any kind of employee representation 
plan... (Mass. Acts and Resolves. 19.58 
en. 345) is a declaratory law on labor 
relations which securer the right of em- 
ployees to have organizations to deal 
with employers and to further their in- 
terests and groups all such organiza- 
tions under the general term ,r labor 

Mr Kalish's statement that all labor 
organizations must file information with 
the Massachusetts Department of Labor 
and Industries is based on an interpre- 
tation of the so-called Barnes bill, 
passed by referendum vote November 5, 
1946 and technically known as the 
"Massachusetts Union Registration Law" 
which mentions only labor u nion s as such, 
and requires unions to file lists of 
officers and the like. The law in no 
way states that other types of labor or- 
ganizations must file or that the union 
type organization is the only one legal- 
ly permitted to further employees ' in- 

As Mr Kalish himself admits, the major- 
ity of library employees do not prefer 
the union type organization, but feel 
that a staff organization such as the 
P.P.L.P.S.A. which is broader in its 
purposes than a union is more fitted to 
the peculiar needs of a professional 
group who are at the same time wage 
earners. It does many things to further 
the welfare of the Staff that are not 
purely social. Its activity in person- 
nel rating, its promotion of an Institute 
for the educational advancement of the 
Staff, and the publication of a Bulletin 

to disseminate information of use to 
library personnel can hardly be considered 
social functions. 

It is not our purpose here to discuss 
the relative merits of unions and staff 
groups organized along professional lines 
such as the B.P.L.P.S.A. Both have their 
virtues. The employees of the Boston 
Public Library have overwhelmingly chosen 
the latter "cype, and it has been a free 
and considered choice. The act of 1938 
recognizes the Staff's right to have such 
an organization or, if it so wishes, a 
union. For so large a group to elect the 
present type there must be sound reasons. 

S . 7.F. 


New Staff Members 

Lorraine C. Faille, Mattapan Branch 
(formerly part-time at Phillips Brooks 

Vanda P. Bertazzoni, Science and Tech- 
nology Department (formerly part-time). 

C°rol A. Connor, Fine Arts Department. 

Rose L. LaConca, Book Stack Service. 

Ralph 0. Silva, Fine Arts Department. 

Elizabeth G. Todd, Teachers Department 
(formerly part-time in Rare Book Depart- 
ment ) . 

Paul V. Moynihan, General Reference De- 
partment (formerly part-time in Book 
Stack Service). 

Gerda J. Lewis, Rare Book Department. 

Sydelle Singer, Reference Division 

Donald L. Newman, Office of Records, 
Files, and Statistics. 

Isabella G. Pennampede, Information Of- 
fice (formerly part-time). 

Emily Knapp, Rare Book Department. 

Jean Canavan, Book Stack Service. 

Mary E. Raftery, Brighton Branch. 

Katherine Weisman, Memorial Branch. 


Jeanne C. Foret, Mattapan Branch. 

David T. Sheehan, Book Stock Service 
(formerly part-time in Statistical Depart- 
ment ) . 

Marion E. Flaherty, West Roxbury Branch 
(formerly part-time). 

Elinor E. Day, West End (formerly in 
B.P.L. service; has been Librarian at 
Boston University Genera' 1 . Collage). 

Bernice M. Milgroom, Circulation Divi- 
sion Office. 

Julian L. Moynahan, Cataloging and 
Classification Department, Reference Divi- 

Catharine Carver, Rare Book Department. 


(to John W. Haverty, July 10, 1948. 


Mary T. Crore, from Mattapan Branch to 
West Roxbury Branch. 

Geraldine T. Beck, frcn Test Roxbury 
Branch to Connolly Branch,, 

Duilia Capobianco, from Connolly Branch 
to East Boston Branch. 

Helen Colgan, from East Boston Branch to 
"fest End Branch. 

Florence S. Cooper, from Allston Branch 
to South End Branch. 

Florence K. Goodman, from Codman Square 
Branch to Connolly Branch. 

Margaret v, h Haverty, from Mt. Bowdoin 
Branch to Jamaica Plain Branch. 

Helen L. Lambert, from South End Branch 
to Uphams Corner Branch. 

Mary G. Langton, from "Jest End Branch to 
Memorial Branch. 

Taimi E. Lilja, from Uphams Corner 
Branch to Codman Square Branch. 

Julia J. Miller, from East Boston Branch 
to Mt. Bowdoin Branch, 

Lizette Tanck, from Memorial Branch to 
Dorchester Branch. 

Marie J. Pineo, from Mattapan Branch to 
Uphams Corner Branch. 

Anne F. Coleman, from Brighton Branch to 
East Boston Branch. 

Ruth F. Keyes, from Faneuil Branch to 
Washington Village Branch. 

Marjorie A. McGee, from Washington Vil- 
lage Branch to Memorial Branch. 

M. Kathleen Roomlan, from Memorial 
Branch to Mt. Pleasant Branch. 

George C. Johnson, Fine Arts Department, 
June 30, 1948. 

Mary M. Sullivan, Branch Librarian, 
Parker Hill Branch, July 31, 1948. 




Margaret Wright, Jamaica Plain 3ranch, 

Bruna Cedrone, Book Stack Service. 

Mrs Katherine S. Jfarris, Scier.ce and 
Technology Department. 

Theodore D- Levir.o, Book Stack Service. 

Claire M. Smiths Book Purchasing Depart- 

Julie C. Chittenden, West End Branch. 

F. Carolyn Doyle* Cataloging and Classi- 
fication Department, Reference Division. 

I. Edward Drucker, Business Office. 

Elaine Zeitler, Cataloging end Classi- 
fication Department, Reference Division. 

Lucy E. Cassidy, Director's Office. 

Genevieve Gushee, Rare Book Department. 

Mary L. Robertson, Rare Book Department. 

Elizabeth Burnett, Music Department. 

Dorothy J. Vlamos, Dorchester Branch. 

Ruth F. Nagle, Cataloging and Classifi- 
cation Department, Reference Division. 

■T* T^ "F T* ■!* T^ V "P ^ *T* 


Abdel Moneim Omar, National Library, 
Cairo, Egypt, visited the Boston Public 
Library, August 23 , 1948, Mr Omar came 
to the United States to attend the recent 
conference at Lake Success on the UN 

In July the Library was visited by a 

librarian from Finland, Miss Eila Wirla 
from a branch of the Municipal Library of 

Hazel Mews, Head of the Library and 
Information Division of the South African 
Council for Scientific and Industrial Re- 
search, visited the library September 11.. 




On Sunday afternoon, October 3, Edith 
Guerrier, Supervisor of Branch Libraries, 
Emeritus , entertained at tea in her home 
in Brighton. The following members of 
the staff who are enjoying the title 
Branch Librarian, Emeritus , answered 
"present" when the roll was called: 
Katie F. Albert, Mary E. Ames, Mrs Edith 
H. Bailey, M. Florence Cufflin, Anne M. 
Donovan, Carrie L. Morse, Margaret H. 
Reid, Mary M. Sullivan, Geneva Watson; 
also, Marion A. McCarthy, Chief of the 
Book Preparation Department, Em eritus . 
Those who sent regrets were: Alice M. 
Jordan, Supervisor of Work with Children, 
Emeritus, Branch Librarians, Emeritus, 

put upon a permanent basis the arrangements 
for the exchange of books and other library 
materials between scholars, scientists, 
libraries and other institutions of the 
United States and those of all other coun- 
tries of the world. 

On September 15, Mr Lord flew to London 
to attend the meeting of the International 
Library Committee of the International 
Federation of Library Associations of which 
he is Vice-President. 

For several months we have been weighing 

Katharine F. Muldoon, Catherine S. Rogan, jthe advisability of recommending that the 
Clara L. Maxwell, and Mrs Ada A. Association affiliate with the Staff Or- 
Andelman, Supervisor in the Circulation ganizations Round Table of the American 
Division. Library Association. Those members who 

I attended the meeting of this group at 
Miss Guerrier was assisted by Virginia | Atlantic City will testify that affilia- 
Haviland, Firs Muriel C. Javelin, Mary U. jtion could benefit the PSA. If any mem- 
Nichols, Dorothy F. Nourse, Edna G. Peck, .ber caree to comment on the subject, the 

Mrs Gertrude Stoddard, and Sarah M. Usher 

The refreshments resembled in variety 
and daintiness those which have been 
served at staff parties in the Lounge at 
Central Library and included an Eighth 

columns of the Question Mark will be 

The Special Committee on In-Service 

Anniversary cake in honor of Miss Guerrier! Training has spent a staggering amount of 
who was retired on September 30, 1940. itime preparing for the Institute on Public 

Relations. Miss Metcalf and her group, 
Colored slides of Bermuda taken by her i despite the difficulties and problems in- 

on a recent trip were shown by Miss 
Haviland. There was ample opportunity 
for reminiscing of Branch Meeting daysj 
discussing present activities; and shar- 
ing plans for the future, which, it was 
agreed, should include many such informal 


Mr Lord was elected on June 24, 1948 to 
":■ - the first president of the newly- 
: . anded United States Book Exchange, 

rr.corp orated , with headquarters in 
Washington, D.C. It is the successor to 
4 he American Book Center for War Devas- 

^d Libraries, Incorporated. This or- 
ganization has been brought into being to 

herent in a pioneering effort, have con- 
structed a program which will effectively 
aid the Staff in "I nterpre ti ng the Library 
Through Good Public "Relations"]"" The full 

program appears on pages ll and 12. 

And we know the membership will be happy 
to learn that the Trustees of the Library 
have voted a sum of $200,00 to the Asso- 
ciation in order to defray partially the 
expenses incident to the Institute. This 
generous action will be deeply appreciated 
by all members. The President has under- 
taken to convey this thought to the 

Because the Institute is to be conducted 
in the latter part of October, Miss 
Flanagan's Entertainment Committee has 


decided to have the Fall social meeting in 
November. Plans for this occasion are not 
yet in final form, but will be published 
within a short time. 

Mr McDonough has kept us well posted on 
the activities of the Special Committee on 
CARE. His monthly reports reflect great 
credit on the generous spirit of the mem- 
bership particularly when it is realized 
that all of us find it necessary to choose 
carefully between worthy causes in these 
days of inflated costs. 

A six-month report on the activities of 
this Special Committee will be prepared 
for distribution shortly. At its next 
meeting the Executive Board will review 
the activities of the Special Committee 
with a view to renewal or discontinuance 
in accord with the original terms of au- 

virorous participation you may express 
yourself effectively on current and future 
problems of library policy. These prob- 
lems have direct bearing upon the effec- 
tiveness and scope of your work. 

C . L. H. 



It has been remarked occasionally that 
the staff members of the Boston Public 
Library do not seem to take as active an 
interest in the affairs of local, regional 
and national library associations as do 
staff members of other large public librar- 
ies. The rosters of the various commit- 
ties of such organizations would seem to 
bear out this contention. Boston is in 
fact poorly represented especially when 
consideration is given to the varied tal- 
ents and aptitudes found on the Staff. 

We realize that activity in these groups 
is predicated on membership. And member- 
ship fees in these times can amount to an 
impressive sum if one were to join every 
organization which catches one's interest 
or is deserving of support. 

The suggestion is therefore that when 
renewal time arrives for the various or- 
ganizations with which members are no'vv af- 
filiated, consideration be given to the 
possibility of adding or substituting mem- 
bership in at least one of the library 
associations. Membership and activity in 
library groups is yearly assuming added 
importance to every librarian. Through 

During the convention of the American 
Society of Piano Technicians, held in July 
at the Copley Plaza Hotel, many members of 
the organization visited the Music Depart- 
ment to examine the Crehore Piano. This 
piano, one of the first to be made in 
America, dates from about 1800. The tech- 
nicians were especially interested in the 
internal action of this rare square model, 
and in the course of their examination and 
questioning, a discovery was made. In a 
recess at the left-hand side of the cover, 
is a lever which was previously thought to 
be for the purpose of tightening the 
strings as stated in Music Trades , 
December 16, 1922. However, the members 
of the Music Department, when pressed by 
questions of the technicians, discovered 
jjthat this lever was actually for raising 
the dampers and acted as an early version 
of our modern loud pedal. 

The experts admired the excellent work- 
manship of the instrument and the vignette 
containing the name "Crehore" over the 
five-octave keyboard of white ivory and 
black walnut keys ranging from FF through 


The Jamaica Plain Senior Book Reviewers, 
high school girls ranging from fourteen to 
seventeen years of age, provide an inter- 
esting example of the reading tastes and 
capabilities of the adolescent. This 
group met once a week throughout the sum- 
mer at Jamaica Plain Branch to present 
book reviews of their own preparation. 
The animated and enthusiastic discussions 
provoked by these efforts showed how much 
the young girls enjoy good reading, and 


tended to disprove the widely held notion 
that high-school students find literary- 
masterpieces dull. Over ninety reviews 
were presented by some twenty-four young 
persons. They were able to exchange ideas 
about books they read and to discover mu- 
tual interests in that others shared the 
same literary tastes, and thus were stim- 
ulated to read much they might not other- 
wise have discovered. 

The Reviewers plan to hold a party in 
the near future at which all the students 
will be invited to present their points of 
view and to make suggestions for the win- 
ter program of reading and reviews. The 
Library sponsors of these meetings are 
pleased because they have profited greatly 
by the opportunity thus offered of testing 
their reader's reactions to books and thus 
they have been assisted in their efforts 
to promote better service and understand- 
ing between the Library and the public. 

E. G. 


Friends of James V. Grasso who worked in 
South End Branch before the war, and who 
is now a student at Harvard, will be 
pleased to hear of his good fortune. He 
was recently awarded the One thousand 
dollar first prize award in the Tamiment 
(Pa.) Social and Economic Institute essay 
contest. Subject of his essay was: An 
American Program for Peace in the Present 
World Crisis . His essay listed two major 
requirements which the United States must 
fulfill if peace is to be achieved. 


Several ideas concerning the training of 
library v-orkers have occurred to me in the 
past and I should like to take this occa- 
sion to summarize them in relation to the 
recent report concerning In-Service Train- 

Stress has rightly been placed upon 
courses whose object has been to help the 

librarian make the best use of his tools. 
So far as I have been able to discover, 
however, no provision has been made to 
show the library worker how best to help 
the adult reader make the best possible 
use of his community branch library. It 
is true that this sort of approach has 
been made for readers of school age, but 
adults, and these include many veterans, 
housewives, professional men and women, 
and workers of all classes, have been 
left to use their libraries as best they 
could. A few evenings of informal dis- 
cussions and talks should suffice to make 
the hearers realize how much more they 
can get from their library than they are 
now getting. The talks could include 
methods and sources for information con- 
cerning various subjects. Frequently 
there doesn't seem to be enough time al- 
located to the work of teaching the pa- 
trons of the library how to use the fa- 
cilities at their disposal. 

At times certain branches have given 
book talks on various subjects. Most of 
these book talks have been directed to 
younger people, and only a comparatively 
few to adults. A course under leaders 
trained in dealing with the public might 
be instituted to give library workers in 
titular positions training in the best 
methods of presenting such talks. Many 
librarians in our system rate this kind 
of activity very highly indeed. It is 
this writer's opinion that a course of 
this kind would be well attended. A 
twofold gain would result from such a 
course; those taking it would learn a 
great deal about helping the public and 
the patrons of the Library would in con- 
sequence receive better service and un- 
derstanding of the Library and its func- 

Most business houses have made effi- 
ciency studies for many years. Could not 
a similar report be made on methods of 
the various kinds of library work so 
that library workers could gain a better 
understanding of xvhe.t is expected of then 
both in quantity and quality? This would 
make possible a more equitable sharing of 
responsibilities. The suggestion im- 
plies, of course, that an authority in 
the field be in charge of such a course 


for library workers. 

These proposals are merely suggestions 
and offered in the hope that they prove 
helpful and practical. 

Mrs. Evelyn Green. 

To the Editor of the Q uestion Mark: 

The 1947-48 Report of the Examining Com- 
mittee contains the paragraph, "The Boston 
Public Library Staff Association is an or- 
ganization which includes in its member- 
ship some 80f of the bibliothecal staff. 
It is organized to further the interests 
and welfare of the professional staff." 
This statement is of special interest 
since no mention is made in this section 
of the Report regarding the Boston Public 
Library Employees Union, Local 731 AFSCME. 

It is not my intent to find fault with 
the Examining Committee for this omission. 
As busy people, they cannot be expected to 
ferret out for themselves all pertinent 
information. For the record, however, at 
least so far as Library staff members are 
concerned, I should like to point out that 
while the BPLPSA is an entirely admirable 
organization, it does not further the in- 
terests and welfare of the professional 
staff, except in social matters. The rea- 
son for this can be found in Massachusetts 
law. According to the General Laws of 
this State, "The term 'labor organization' 
means any organization of any kind, or any 
agency or employee representation commit- 
tee or plan, in which employees partici- 
pate and which exists for the purpose in 
whole or in part, of dealing with employ- 
ers concerning grievances, labor disputes, 
v/ages, rates of pay, hours of employment, 
or conditions of work." Further Massachu- 
setts law requires that all labor organi- 
zations file various information with the 
Massachusetts Department of Labor and 
Industries. Local 731 files such infor- 
mation. The BPLPSA does not. 

In the early days of the war I happened 
to be present when a delegate of Local 86, 
AFSCME (bridge tenders) introduced a res- 
olution in the Boston Central Labor Union 

asking for the latter 's support to the 
granting of a $100 cost of living bonus 
to all Boston City employees. This was 
the first public move for such a grant. 
Subsequently, when local 731 was organized, 
it cooperated with the 20 other unions of 
Boston City employees in working for addi- 
tional increases; so that now a total of 
$700 has been added to the pay of most 
City, including Library, employees. In 
cooperation with the Massachusetts Federa- 
tion of Labor and the sixty odd public 
employee unions in the State, Local 731 
worked to obtain the five day week and to 
improve the retirement system. Last year 
Local 731 introduced a bill for state aid 
for libraries. Though this bill was 
turned dorm, it did lead to the organiza- 
tion of the Conference on State Aid for 
Libraries in Massachusetts. 

Despite this history of accomplishments, 
I doubt if I am revealing a secret when I 
say that only a small percentage of the 
Library staff are members of the Union. 
Up to now, at least, most staff members 
have preferred to sit back comfortably as 
free riders, while others paid the union 
dues and did the work. What this attitude 
of Library employees has meant in actual 
practice is that bridge tenders, park em- 
ployees, street cleaners, scrub women, 
hospital attendants and other Boston City 
employees who paid union dues etc, have 
done more to raise Library standards than 
Library employees themselves. 

Of course, it has been argued that the 
economic improvements mentioned above were 
long overdue and would have come without 
the Union. Such a contention appears as 
sheer childishness to anybody at all ac- 
quainted with the attitudes of government- 
al bodies which continually shunt aside 
the most just and necessary measures un- 
less tremendous pressure is exerted. A 
glance at the conditions of almost all the 
other Massachusetts libraries as revealed 
by the studies of the Conference on State 
Aid for Libraries in Massachusetts should 
help to emphasize this fact. In contrast 
was the drive which culminated in the re- 
cent $300 increase for Boston City em- 
ployees. Here frequent conferences with 
the City Council, Mayor, Governor, State 
Legislature, hiring of a publicity agent, 
newspaper advertising etc. were ail parts 
of a picture which eventually got results. 

Abraham A. Kalish 



I think that I shall never see 
A system as unjust as thee 
■Where Subpros work and drudge all day 
And lift their rheumy arms to pray 
For Four weeks vacation! 

A system that may in summer wear 
Two shades of tan, now is that fair? 
T 7ere I a Pro, I'd go out west 
But since I'm not I just request 

PLEASE! I iFour *?eeks Vaca tion! 

A Subpro 




7 I N o o o O 
00 OO O O 

9 o o ooc o 


JV ^ %3 

-A A. 


Two weeks at a local. 
One of the mob. 

Four weeks at the Riviera. 
One of the elite. 



The American Library Association pre- 
conference on adult education and the use 
of films by libraries combined all the 
best qualities of an institute in that it 
had inspirational leaders who were ex- 
perienced practitioners in the field as 
well, spirited informal participation by 
a large number of the librarians who at- 
tended the meetings, and concrete demon- 
strations and explanations of techniques. 
A detailed account of each meeting will 
probably be given in an A .L.A. Bulletin 
but I should like to give an overall pic- 
ture with some of the highlights of those 
meetings. The conference was divided into 

two parts: one, from Friday morning 
through Saturday morning, on adult educa- 
tion; the second, from Saturday aftprnoon 
through Sunday afternoon, on films. This 
division was, hoiirever, only superficial, 
for throughout the meetings the keynote 
was the seme: how can the public library 
be most effective in opening the eyes, the 
minds, the understanding of people to the 
world in which we live. 

Early in the conference, Mrs. Florence 
S. Craig, Director of Adult Education at 
the Cleveland Public Library, used the 
phrase "Gutenberg hangover" to point out 
the almost unconscious belief of people in 
anything which appears in print and conse- 
quently the need not only for the promotion 


of reading but the ability to judge what 
is read. Naturally these leaders in the 
adult education field in the public 
library felt that the library could play a 
large part in fostering both. The means 
they discussed were many. There was a 
panel on service to labor in which our own 
Mr Abraham Kalish participated. Another 
session was on the efforts being made to 
keep our ever-increasing older population 
active and thinking citizens through clubs 
like the "Live long and like it" club at 
Cleveland. The planning and organization 
of workshops for library personnel and 
community institutes for club leaders 
where a wide variety of subjects are cov- 
ered and techniques are demonstrated were 
presented. The kind of library programs 
which will make a community more aware of 
the international climate was vividly de- 
scribed by the librarian of Indianapolis 
who claimed it all started when her red- 
haired temper got riled at hearing a radio 
broadcaster say a goodly percentage of 
American people did not know what U.N. 
meant. All were presented and argued 
about at the various meetings in the first 
two days . 

When the film workshop took over on 
Saturday afternoon the theme of the meet- 
ings didn't change; it was only that a 
medium, relatively new to librarians, 
which was to be used for the same purpose 
as books and pamphlets, became the focus 
of attention. This second half of the 
conference was even more concrete in its 
program than the first for, through the 
cooperation of film companies, documentary 
films were shown throughout as a back- 
ground for discussion. Dr. Edgar Dale, 
of the American Film Council, co\ild indi- 
cate most effectively, by showing films, 
the need for carefully planned introduc- 
tions to the showing of films as well as 
follow-up programs when films are to be 
used as educational tools, be it for 
adults and/' or children c The need for more 
critical evaluation of films and especial- 
ly of sponsored f i 1ms which, because they 
are free, are often used regardless of 
their value, could be demonstrated by the 
showing of sample films accompanied by 
the spontaneous comments of many of the 
librarians who, having initiated film 
services in their libraries, realize that 

they individually cannot afford the time 
to view and evaluate all the films which 
are made any more than they can read all 
the books which are published. A further 
study of equipment and film resource 
material with the need for evaluation and 
setting up of standards there, presented 
by Mr Otto Coelln of Business Scre en, 
helped the picture. 

The most exciting session of the whole 
pre- conference, however, was the dinner 
Saturday evening at which Julien Bryan, 
Producer and Director of International 
Film Foundation, was the speaker. Mr 
Bryan is a firm believer in the need for 
international understanding and an ardent 
advocate of the use of films to attain 
that understanding. The words he spoke 
that night blazed the way for the showing 
of some of his films and the films he 
showed to us gave added and deeper meaning 
to those words. It was a perfect demon- 
stration of an effective use of films for 

E. L. 


All interested are cordially invited to 
a Fine Arts Discussion Group held every 
Monday evening at 7:30 in the West 
Gallery of the third floor, Central. Miss 
Ella Munsterberg (sister of Miss 
Munsterberg of the Rare Book Department) 
characterized local art museums and gal- 
leries September 13 at a meeting entitled 
"Do you know what Boston offers you and 
why?" Mr Heintzelman has spoken on the 
exhibit of religious prints in the Wiggin 
gallery, and Margery * r: iliiams (instructor 
at Smith College) on the Berlin paintings. 
Subjects discussed will include current 
exhibitions, background material on col- 
lections in our vicinity (such as archae- 
ological, oriental, modern) and surveys 
will be made of the importance of art in 
our community (as in education, religion, 
medicine, fashion and industry) and other 
topics of interest to participants. We 
heartily recommend that you do not miss 
Langdon Warner's talk on oriental collec- 
tions in this vicinity to be held in the 


Lecture Hall early in December. He is a 
leading scholar in the far eastern field, 
and has written several entertaining books 
on his expeditions and on Chinese and 
Japanese art which you might like to read 
before you come. 

Another affair which should be of inter- 
est to many, especially in the branches, is 
a projected meeting to be held in conjunc- 
tion with the Young People's Room on the 
subject of the illustration of children's 



Does the recently transferred member of 
the Staff of the South End Branch enjoy 
her flying lessons at the Norwood Airport? 
Happy ' landings anyway. . . . 

An observer. 



The West End Branch was host to the 
S.L.A. meeting September 27, 1948. Mr 
Donald Clark, reporting on the June con- 
ference of the Association held in 
Washington, indicated that the organiza- 
tion, now boasting 5,500 members, is sound- 
ly established with a variety of functions 
and activities, among which the informa- 
tion clearing house for employers and em- 
ployees continues to be important. 

Miss Fanny Goldstein, after briefly re- 
viewing the history of the West End Branch 
Library, discussed the Judaica collection 
for which the Branch is noted. This col- 
lection of books, clipping, pamphlet > and 
picture files provides not only for the 
needs of Jewish pa ; ;rons but also includes 
much material interpreting Jewish history 
and culture for the layman. The Judaica 
collection is orrr.rized to promote better 
understanding between the Jew and the 
Chriotian, and sin>e at ".east 50$ of serv- 
ice through the collection is to non-Jews 
there is a signal opportunity for this 
purpose to be realised* By way of intro- 
ducing the main speaker Miss Goldstein 

emphasized that Christians must necessarily 
know and understand the Jewish problem be- 
fore a solution of it can be reached. 

Mr Frank W. Buxton, member of the Board 
of Trustees of the B.P.L., an ex-editor of 
the Bo ston Heral d, and a member of the 
President's Anglo-British committee to in- 
vestigate Palestine, presented an illumin- 
ating discussion of various factors which 
have led to the present dispute in 
Palestine. He sketched the tortuous his- 
tory of this small segment of the near 
East, the succeeding eras of rule and mis- 
rule by one conqueror after another and 
the continual internecine disputes between 
peoples of diverse origins and religious 
beliefs. In the twentieth century 
Palestine became an important pawn in pow- 
er politics. The status of this interna- 
tional stepchild was not settled by the 
ambiguously worded Balfour Declaration of 
1917, Mr Buxton outlined in some detail 
the long series of attempts to find some 
satisfactory settlement of the Palestine 
situation since that time, describing the 
various partition plans leading to the 
establishment of the Jewish state, Israel. 
In answer to questions from the floor Vr 
Buxton noted the social and economic devel- 
opments in Palestine during recent years 
and gave his opinion of essential factors 
in the Arab opposition. He also expressed 
the belief that librarians can do much to 
create an impartial point of view. A list 
of books mentioned by ¥r Buxton as being 
of particular value for an informed con- 
sideration of the present situation in the 
near East are: 

Antcnius, George „ The Arab awaken ing. 
Ziff , William B. Thi~"- -pe cf Palest ine. 
Welles, Sumner. The Ihi ited C: ;ate s and 

the Near E ast * 
Lo^ r dermilk., Walter C. P alestine, land 

of pro mis e - 
Osborn, Fairfield. Our plun d ered p Jir net . 

R. M. 

" ""' ' T TEXTURE 
OF P EOSE^g lOM iL'TE: ~"3T 

Dorothy II- Cooper discusses the accom- 
plishment of a staff association organized 


in 1935 at the University of Washington in 
"They Sniffed at a Library Union," Libr ary 
Journal , August 1948, p. 1049-50. 

A plan for a revised curriculum sequence 
in the training of librarians is reviewed 
by Inez W. Noyes and R. Webb Noyes in the 
article "Sequential Library Training," 
Wilson Library Bulletin , September 1948, 
p. 51-52. Also appearing in the same is- 
sue of the Bulletin is a brief but perti- 
nent consideration of the work of branch 
librarians, "On Being a Branch Librarian," 
p. 58, 75. 

In connection with the Institute on 
Public Relations staff members will find 
Thomas E. Barensf eld's article "I Am 
Really Sold on Adult Education," Library 
Journal , October 1, 1948, p. 1351-3, of 
interest for suggestions concerning vari- 
ous ways in which library service can 
promote adult education. 

L. S. 


Members of the staff will be interested 
to know that within the library system 
Great Books Discussion groups are forming 
at the following libraries: 

Central Library, Nov. 1 and Nov. 3, 7:30 

-9:30 P.M. 
Charlestown Branch, date to be announced. 
Jamaica Plain Branch, Oct. 26, 8:00-10:00 

P.M. (2nd meeting). 
Mattapan Branch, Oct. 21, 8:00-10:00 P.M. 
Mt. Bowdoin Branch, Oct. 11, 8:00-10:00 

Phillips Brooks Branch, Oct. 21, 7:30- 

9:30 P.M. (3rd meeting). 
West End Branch, Nov. 2, 7:30-9:30 P.M. 
West Roxbury Branch, Oct. 21, 8:00-10:00 


Great Books Groups will also be held at 
the following places: 

Brimmer and May School, Oct. 18, 7:30- 

9:30 P.M. (2nd meeting). 
First Unitarian Church, Oct. 19, 7:30- 

9:30 P.M. 
Lincoln House, Around Nov. 1. 


The Cataloging and Classification 
Department of the Reference Division gave 
a surprise bridal shower for Miss Beverly 
Gargin in the Stfff Lounge on October 
seventh between five and seven o'clock. 
Miss Gergin received many lovely gifts. 
Refreshments were served immediately 
following the shower. 

Miss Gargin will be married to 
Mr Charles Lambert on NoTember seventh 
at St. Joseph's Church, East Boston. 

A farewell luncheon was given by the 
Office of trie Trustses to Miss Naomi- 
Churchill Dick on September thirteenth* 
Miss Dick has left the Library to go to 
Germany, where she is to work in a civilian 
capacity for the United States Department 
of the Army,, 

Cn September 3rd 1948 9 Miss Ellen S.Hecht, 
a member of -che Accounting Department 
resigned to accept a new position with 
Government Service in Japan. The best of 
good wishes and success, Ellen! 


• >l 

■ ■■• ■ I • ■ •■ 

. ; 



announces an Institute, October 28-29, 1948 
Thur s day, October 28, at 9 :30_fj» nu 

Introduction — Background and purpose 

Charles L. Higgins, President of the Association 
Milton E. Lord, Director of the Library 
Kenneth R. Shaffer, Director, School of Library Science, 
Simmons College 

PUBLIC RELATIONS IS OUR JOB - Howard M. LeSourd, Dean, School 
of Public Relations, Boston University 

a. Dynamic role of public relations in building good 

will and interpreting services offered. 

b. Public relations, the interpretation of policy to 

the public and interpretation of actual or 
probable reactions of public back to management. 

c. Suitable dramatization and interpretation of resulting 

policies and programs to desired public. 

Thursday, October 28, at 2 ;30 p .m. 


Making Folicy and Making it Work - Ralph A. Ulveling, 

Librarian, Detroit Fublic Library 
Staff Relations — Key to Good Service - R. Russell Munn, 

Librarian, Akron Public Library 
Staff-Management Relations ~ Mutual Responsibilities 
(Democracy in management} Proper function of a staff 

John B, Kaiser, Director, Free Fublic Library, Newark 

Thursday, October 28. at 8;00 p 

Building Public Relations Through 

The Press - Staff Derby, Assistant City Editor s Christian Science 

The Radio - Professor Samuel B. Gould, Director. Division of Padio 

and Speech, School of public Relations, Bo:; ben 



Friday, October 29, at 9;30 a.m. 

New Goals in Library Service 

Fanel: The A.L.A. Four Year Goals 

Fresiding, Karl Brovm, Editor, Library Journal 

programs - Lowell A. Martin, /ssociate Dean, School 

of Library Service, Columbia University 
Resources - Sigrid Edge, Associate Frofessor, School 

of Library Science, Simmons College 
Personnel - Miriam V. D. Mathews, Supervisor of Adult 
Services, New York Public Library 
Film: New Chapters (The work of the London, Ontario, Public Library) 

Friday, Oct ober 29, at 2:30 

Public Relations Through New Tools 

Panel with Demonstration 

Films and Recordings Programs - Karline Brown, Head, 

Films and Recordings Center, Cincinnati Public Library 
Science Advances Service: Micro-film, micro-cards, projected 
books., wire and tape recordings 

Dr Vernon D. Tate, Director of Libraries, 

Massachusetts Institute of Technology 
Professor William N» Locke, Head, Department of 
Modern Languages, Massachusetts Institute 
of Technology 


The Institute will be followed by a Film Workshop to be held on 
Monday evenings, at eight o'clock, in the Lecture Hall, on November 1, 
8, 15, and 22. The participants will include Dr Abraham Krasker, 
Director, Division of Motion Pictures and Visual Aids, Boston 

University; Miss Corinne Mead, Librarian, Winchester Public Library; 
R. Newton Mahall, President, Boston Scientific Film Society; and 
Gordon B. Halstead, former consultant to the International Film 
Foundation, who has had long experience in conducting film forums 
and film workshops for leaders of adult organizations under the 
auspices of the American Library Association, the Carnegie Endowment 
for International Peace, the National Planning Association, and 
similar groups. 

■ i.\ 

fadmxi \i\^}M .^pmLA : '^ T^\> - - ^ :: ^ : - 

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boston public library 




Published by the 
Boston Public Library- 
Professional Staff Association 
E'litor: Sarah W. Flannery 


News of the purchase of the Boston 
University buildings occupying the rest 
of the block on which the Central Library 
stands must bring a distinct thrill of 
pleasure to all of us, especially those 
working in the crowded conditions of 
Central. For some time we have been 
looking forward to the day when with a 
modern library building we can use our 
collections much more efficiently than 
is at present possible. The fact that 
the land for the new wing has been ac- 
quired makes the dream of perfect quar- 
ters much less of a dream and more some- 
thing for which we may start planning, 
and thus is a great boost to our morale. 
In the meantime it may give some comfort 
to those who, like the correspondent in 
this month's Soa p Box, see the need for 
adequate rest quarters for members of the 
Staff. At least we shall have them in 
the new building. v 'e hope, however, not 
to be obliged to wait for that still 
well-into-the-future date for the ful- 
fillment of that aim. " r e realize the 
difficulty under present conditions, but 
earnestly hope that some solution to the 
problem may be found. 

October and November have been busy 
months for all of us. The branches have 
been indulging in myriad interesting ac- 
tivities such as we who sometimes feel as 
though we never see out from behind the 
busts in Bates Kail, find are revelations 
of a type library work we were hardly 
conscious of. r Jhen pressed we admit we 
knew it existed, but our imagination al- 
ways placed it somewhere west of Denver. 
There may be others around in an Ivory 
Tower like us, so help us poor individu- 
als and when anything unusual or inter- 
esting occurs let the rest of the Library 
know about it. The Institute and the 
Film ^ork shop are reported fully here, 
and to our mind no added comment is need- 
ed on their value. 

Volume III 
Number 8 
November 1948, 


New Staff Members 

Marianne Morse, Music Department. 

Doris L. Cross, Rare Book Department. 

Charlotte A. Myers, '"'est End Branch. 

Marguerite A. Connelly, Branch Issue 

Gloria H. Shine, Dorchester 3ranch. 

Charles D. Povah, Periodical and News- 
paper Department. 

Rita 0. Sullivan, Brighton Branch. 

Frances L. Shine, Office of the Trustees. 

Nancy L. Kent, Book Selection Department, 
Circulation Division. 

Mrs Anna L. Shanor, West End Branch. 

Helen M. Maxwell, Cataloging and Classi- 
fication Department, Reference Division. 

G. Elizabeth Fitzgerald, Cataloging and 
Classification, Reference Division. 

Doris N. French, School Issue Department. 

Phyllis Hoffman, Office of the Trustees. 

Sona Semerjian, Business Branch. 

Barbara J. Feeley, Business Office. 


Ralph K. Sullivan, from Book Stack Serv- 
ice to Business Branch. 

Bette B. Preer, from School Issue De- 
partment to Mt. Pleasant Branch. 

Mary M. Roomian, from Mb. Pleasant 
Branch to City Point Branch. 


Beverly Gargin, Cataloging and Classi- 
fication Department, Reference Division, 
was married to Charles Lambert, November 
7, 1948 

Clarinda Laws on, Science and Technology 
Department, was married to Lavrence 
Kincaid Kirkman, November 20, 1948. 


Esther R. Smith, South End Branch. 
Mary Raftery, Brighton Branch. 
Marion J. Kanthorne, T,T est End Branch. 


Edward X. Casey, Business Branch, to 
accept a position in the Cataloging De- 
partment of Brown University. 

Bertha Feldman, Charlestown Branch. 

William Earley, Business Branch, to 
accept a position at Lever Brothers Co., 
to do library research work. 


William J. Ennis, Retired as Chief of 
the Book Stack Service at the end of 
October after 48 years in the Boston 
Public Library. Full-time employment 
began in the Newspaper Room where he 
worked a number of years followed by 
employment in the Patent Room. In 1935 
he went to the Issue Department. 

Staff Babies 

Mr and Mrs Gerald F. Johnston announce 
the birth of a son, Peter Ross Johnston, 
on October 28th. Hazel Ross Johnston is 
on a leave of absence from the Mt. 
Pleasant Branch. 

Mr and Mrs David D. Scannell, Jr., an- 
nounce the birth of a daughter, Elizabeth 
Rogers Scannell, on November 24th. 
Elizabeth FitzSimmons Scannell, who 
resigned recently from work in the Cata- 
loging and Classification Department, 
Reference Division, was formerly an 
Assistant at the Business Branch. 




Mrs Geraldine Madden Altman, Jeffries 
Point Branch 

Mrs Sarah T%lsh Flannery, History De- 

Edna G. Peck, Book Selection Depart- 
ment, Circulation Division 


Frank P. Bruno, Science and Technol- 
ogy Department (Patent Room) 

Marjorie M. Gibbons, Washington Vil- 
lage Branch 

Mrs Dorothy Merrow Lovett, Kir stein 
Business Branch 

Corr esp onding S ecret ary 

Barbara Gilson, History Department 
Marie F. McCarthy, Cataloging and 
Classification Department, Circu- 
lation Division 
Irene J. Wadsworth, School Issue De- 

Recording Secretary 

Mary J. Brady, Cataloging and Classi- 
fication Department, Reference 
Taimi E. Lilja, Codman Square Branch 
Ruth Ricemen, Connolly Branch 


Mrs Julia LaRocca Miller, Mfc. Bowdoin 

Mrs Lydia A. Palladino, Open Shelf 

Aaron A. Starr, Book Purchasing De- 

Executive Board (Two to be Chosen) 

Mary V. Doyle, Young People's Room 
Charles L. Higgins, General Reference 

Mrs Helen Flashman Hirson, Test Rox- 

bury Branch 
Louisa S. ? T etcalf, Open Shelf Depart- 
Frank J. Seegraber, Kirstein Business 

Gladys R. 1P Jhite, Mt. Pleasant Branch 

Committee : 

Sarah M. Usher, 

John M. Carroll 
Evelyn Levy 
Mary E. Obear 
B. Joseph ? Neil 

QUESTION: £6 4.00 

Oh where, Oh where can that staff manual 

" r e've heard it announced o'er and o'er. 
"Je've searched high and low, waited 

patiently — 
A staff with no manual we deplore. 






"Interpreting the Library through Good 
Public Relations" was the theme of the 
institute sponsored by the Professional 
Staff Association and held in the Lecture 
Hall on October 28 and 29. The institute 
was planned and arranged by the Special 
Committee on In-Service Training with 
Louisa S. Metcalf as Chairman, assisted 
by the following members of the staff: 
Bradford M. Hill, Dorothy F. Nourse, 
Robert Roper, and Ruth I. Williamson. 
The Committee was instructed to "keep 
particularly in mind the need for in- 
struction in current library problems, 
such problems as bear directly upon the 
welfare of a large metropolitan library." 
The Committee realized that this first 
institute would be of an experimental 
nature and for this reason it endeavored 
to discover a theme which would be of 
general interest to the entire staff. 
Thus, the discussions of the five ses- 
sions stressed the importance of build- 
ing through good service and adequately 
publicizing this service. It is sug- 
gested that if any of you wish to famil- 
iarize yourselves further with the back- 
ground planning of the institute, you re- 
read the mimeographed report of the Com- 
mittee to the Executive Board, dated 28 
May 1948 which was sent out to all de- 
partments and branch libraries. 

The institute was attended by members 
of the Library staff, students from the 
Simmons College Library School, and li- 
brarians from 53 neighboring libraries. 
Following the introductory remarks by 
Charles L. Higgins, President of the 
Association, and Milton E. Lord, Director 
of the Library, Kenneth R. Shaffer, 
Director of Simmons College School of 
Library Science, opened the discussion of 
the first meeting by emphasizing the im- 
portance of everyday public relations to 
"sell" the library rather than chance 
public relations "binges". He stressed 
the need to justify, revaluate, end in- 
terpret policies to a public with no 
common denominator. 

A recent public relations film, Make 
it in Massachusetts, illustrated the 

keynote address, "Public Relations is 
your job", by Howard M. LeSourd, Dean of 
the School of Public Relations, Boston 
University. Dean LeSourd defined public 
relations as both a social science using 
scientific methods, and at the seme time 
an art demanding a high degree of finesse 
in human contacts. He stressed the im- 
portance of public relations as a two-way 
street with constant interchange of views 
between the library and the public. Thus 
conceived, public relations based on an 
honest code of ethics, serve to inter- 
pret both the strength and weakness of an 

Keyes D. Fetcalf acted as moderator for 
the afternoon panel on "Public Relations 
begin at home". Participating in the 
panel were three distinguished men in the 
field of library administration, Ralph A. 
Ulveling, Librarian of the Detroit Public 
Library, R. Russell Munn, Librarian of 
the Akron Public Library, and John B. 
Kaiser, Director of the Newark Public 
Library. Mr. Ulveling defined library 
policy as a code of principles of guid- 
ance for future action. This broad pol- 
icy should be based on 1) the overall 
objectives of the institution, 2) the 
services to be rendered, 3) policies of 
organization, and 4) the best develop- 
ment of the staff. T '"hen policy conflicts 
with an individual rule, policy should 
always control. A liberal policy neans 
more freedom of action, hence more work 
for the staff, and as professional people 
we should be ready to make decisions as 
the need arises, always bearing in mind 
the policy of the institution-, The li- 
brary exists for the people, the trustees 
exist to carry out their wish, the direc- 
tor acts for the trustees. The director, 
not the staff, should answer for the 
failure of his institution to function 
as it should. An individual's grovrth 
and advancement should never be sacri- 
ficed to benefit the institution. The 
curtain of secrecy that often exists 
around administrative procedures should 
be removed; the staff should be kept in- 
formed of new proposals under considera- 
tion in order that their thinking may 
grow as that of the administration grows. 

Mr. Munn's talk was concerned with 
staff relationships. "Happy is the chief 


with good morale, for all the publicity 
in the world is worthless with poor mo- 
rale." Each member of the staff needs to 
be given the feeling of "belonging" and 
each individual job is important. Mr. 
Munn warned against gossip and rumor, 
favoritism, and condescension on the part 
of the professional staff towards those 
of non-professional levels. 

Mr. Kaiser, talking on staff -management 
relations, pointed out that the most 
powerful tool man has devised for human 
progress is the printed page, and that 
the public library is the institution 
that most powerfully puts across that 
printed page. Democracy in administra- 
tion must be all along the line. There 
is an obligation to be competent on the 
job, and have no chip on the shoulder. 
Staff suggestions to the administration 
must be willingly received, considered, 
and answered. There must be mutual 
staff -management participation in pro- 
ducing high staff morale and good public 
service. In telling of activities at the 
Newark Library, Mr. Kaiser mentioned the 
coffee and doughnuts that are served 
after staff meetings. Perhaps Boston 
should follow suit! 

The Thursday evening session was con- 
cerned with "telling the people" through 
press and radio. Mr. Fettleton of the 
Christian Science Monitor analyzed the 
ingredients of a good news story and 
urged every member of the staff to devel- 
op a nose for news, for the day of news 
stories spun out of thin air is over, and 
the reporter must have facts which speak 
for themselves. Professor Gould from 
Boston University's School of Public 
Relations outlined the wealth of possi- 
bilities for professionally-produced li- 
brary radio programs. A good program 
must have entertainment value, broad ap- 
peal, and continuity since it is not the 
single program that counts, but the 
series . 

The panel Friday morning, presided 
over by Karl Brown, Editor of the Library 

Journal , was based on the A.L.A. Four 
Year Goals. Sigrid Edge of Simmons Col- 
lege, in her discussion of "Resources", 
urged more discriminating book selection 
which would serve to develop rather than 

pander to public taste; more meaningful 
arrangement of books to attract the at- 
tention of readers; and the stocking of 
paper editions of better books, and of 
hard-to-get pamphlets, to sell to readers. 
Mrs. Mildred V. D. Mathews, of the New 
York Public Library, described a highly 
successful program of in-service training 
inaugurated a year ago for assistants, 
readers' advisors, and children's librar- 
ians in the Circulation Division of that 
Library. Lowell A. Martin, Associate 
Dean of the Columbia University School of 
Librery Service, raised many provocative 
questions concerning the implications of 
the Four Year Goals. He suggested that 
libraries need to move in a new direction, 
^e can step up everything we ere doing 
and do more of it, or go out and find 
some new things to do, both of which 
possibilities call for more money which 
we obviously do not have; or, we can con- 
centrate more on some of the things we 
are doing at the expense of other things. 
Perhaps, he posed ; we should concentrate 
most of our efforts on working with or- 
ganized groups in the community. 

The final program, entitled "Not by 
Books Alone" was devoted to consideration 
of public relations through the library's 
use of audio-visual materials. Karline 
Brown of the Cincinnati Public Library 
described the films and recordings pro- 
grams and the extensive library and com- 
munity activities which her Library has 
developed in the last two years. Dr. 
Vernon D. Tate, Director of Libraries at 
M.I.T., spoke on "Science advances Serv- 
ice", telling of various methods of pho- 
tographic reproduction increasingly being 
employed by libraries, such as microfilm, 
microcards and projected books, illustra- 
ting his talk with demonstration of these 
media. His colleague, Professor ""illiam 
N, Locke of the Department of Modern 
Languages, concluded the program with a 
demonstration of the use of language re- 
cordings and the wire recorder in teach- 
ing foreign languages. 

• The Institute brought forth many favor- 
able letters from people who participated 
in the programs, and from visiting li- 
brarians. Mr. Munn wrote how much he 
"enjoyed attending the splendid institute 
on In-Service Training in Boston. It was 


not only an exciting experience in itself 
but was an example for other libraries to 
follow — including my own." 

Mr. Ulveling wrote: "I returned from 
Bos-con with the greatest enthusiasm for 
the Institute which you organized so Pbly 
and staged so well. Hoy T tell you now 
that I was quite flattered to have beon 
invited to take part in such a program by 
the Staff Association of a Library..." 

Mr. Keyes Metcalf sent a note of con- 
gratulation to the Association for having 
run a "first class Institute." 

Mr. Shaffer sent congratulations: "The 
Institute reached a level of distinction 
that we in Boston — that any other profes- 
sional communities — do not often enjoy... 
These activities of your Association are 
the sort of thing that we in the School 
should like to do, the kind of thing that 
in our general professional associations 
we perhaps strive for but never quite 

Mr. Kaiser wrote that "it xvas a real 
privilege to be allowed to shsre in the 
proceedings with you... I have no doubt 
but what you have set in motion an activ- 
ity that many staff associations will be 

Mr. Harold ""ooster, Librarian of the 
Newton Free Library expressed apprecia- 
tion "for the opportunity to be present 
at the Institute... It was a privilege 
and a practical help. In our different 
ways many of us are fighting for the same 
ends and it is most helpful to draw 
strength from our associates." 

Mr. Ralph Nason, Editor of the M.L.A. 
Bulletin sent congratulations on "the 
fine Institute." 

Miss Margaret Broderick of the 
Worcester Free Public Library wrote that 
"the program offered variety, stimulation 
and encouragement to a degree and at a 
professional level rarely achieved. Each 
speaker v;hether visiting specialist or 
member of your association showed a deep 
sincerity, an interest, and an apprecia- 
tion of the public library today and its 
problems, goals and everyday activities." 

Miss Gertrude R. Callahan of the Thomas 
Crane Library in ; <iuincy: "I want to con- 
gratulate you on the splendid program... 
I want also to say how much I, personally, 
appreciate the opportunity you have given 
to those librarians who are not members 
of the Boston Public Library staff. It 
was a most generous offer." 


A Film ""orkshop of four sessions opened 
on Monday, November 1st, as a practical 
continuation of the Institute on Public 
Relations sponsored by the BiP.L.P.S.A. 
At the opening meeting Dr. Abraham 
Krasker, Director of the Division of 
Motion Pictures and Visual Aids, School 
of Public Relations, Boston University, 
outlined the "Basic Principles in the 
Efficient Use of Aids." His talk was a 
practical demonstration of how to present 
a film and introduced the picture "New 
""fays to Greater Education." This film 
explained the values and uses of motion 
pictures in the classroom. 

The second session of the Workshop vras 
a panel discussion with Dr. Krasker as 
chairman. Miss Corinne Mead, Librarian 
of the Winchester Public Library, a pio- 
neer in library movies, described her ex- 
periences with her Family Night, Teen-Age 
and Children's groups. Mr. R, Newton 
Maya 11, President of the Boston Scientif- 
ic Film Society, spoke on reviewing and 
presenting scientific films to all ages. 
He suggested that libraries uculd take 
over the forums of the Boston Scientific 
Film Society now given up for lack of 
personnel. Miss Muriel Jefferson of the 
Children's Museum outlined the use of 
films in classes visiting the Museum, for 
special groups and the Saturday morning 
auditorium, program at the Museum. 

On November 15 Mr. Gordon B. Halstead, 
Administrative Director of the Foundation 
for Integrated Education, spoke on "Why 
Film Forums" and suggested practical 
techniques for successful discussions. 
He emphasized the follov.'ing points: 
select the film with care; select the re- 
sources for the forum such as books and 
the panel; have a panel of four lay 


persons to outline the material of the 
film for the audi*ice and "kick-off" the 
discussion; select a subject specialist 
to give expert information; preview the 
film with the panel to learn objectives, 
clarify issues and plan points to be dis- 
cussed; the moderator should quickly in- 
dicate the issues to the forum after the 
film is shown and lead with the minimum 
of talking; the forum discussion should 
represent many views of the audience and 
resemble the old New England town meet- 
ing; the results of the forum should be 
summed up and the sense of the meeting 
given in resolutions; and books for fur- 
ther study of the subject presented. He 
then offered helpful demonstration of his 
techniques by conducting a film forum on 
the movie "One World or None" with the 
panel consisting of Mr. M. Bernard Fox, 
Director of the United Nations Associa- 
tion of Massachusetts as subject special- 
ist; Miss Edna Phillips, Librarian of the 
Morrill Memorial Library, Norwood; and 
Miss Dorothy P. Nourse, Librarian of the 
East Boston Branch Library. After a 
lively discussion the evening closed with 
the neve film on the accomplishments of 
the United Nations, "Highlights of the 
United Nations Year." 

At the last session held in Dr. 
Krasker's Office at Boston University, 
members of the Workshop visited the film 
librery, repair-shipping room, photogra- 
phy laboratory and projection-room. Dr. 
Krasker spoke on audio-visual bibliogra- 
phy. The group then learned how to make 
simple and photographic lantern slides, 
and the care and repair of film, and 
operation of a projector were also dem- 


On another page of this issue you will 
find a brief account of the Institute. 
Until Miss Metcalf and her Special Com- 
mittee have had opportunity to survey the 
entire project in perspective no summary 
report will be submitted. At the present 
time it is anticipated that the report of 
this Special Committee will be available 
in late December. 

It is appropriate to say here that the 
Executive Board and the officers of the 
Association feel very strongly that the 
contribution of the Special Committee on 
In-Service Training has been outstanding. 
To this group and to its able Chairman, 
Louisa S. Metoalf, the Association offers 
its congratulations and appreciation. 
Those members who have not yet done so 
might well undertake to say as much in- 
dividually to Miss Metcalf and the Spe- 
cial Committee. 

The Film Worksh 
Special Committee 
as an adjunct to 
proved successful 
as was anticipate 
interest has been 
the participants, 
time, a report co 
will be completed 

op, conducted by the 

on In-Service Training 
the Institute, has 

also. Registration, 
d, has been low, but 

high on the part of 

At an appropriate 

vering this activity 

and submitted to the 

The Program Committee faced stiff com- 
petition from the Institute and Film 
""'orkshop. Despite this, and a plague of 
conflicting detes, the group staged a 
very enjoyable social evening recently. 
Among the guests were Mr Frank W. Buxton, 
Mr Francis B. Masterson, and the 
Honorable Abraham E. Pinanski, Trustees 
of the Library, and Mr Milocn E. Lord, 
Director of the Library. 

The Entertainment Committee, Mrs 
Elizabeth L. "bright, Chairmen, was re- 
sponsible for the excellent reception 
held during the Institute. In connection 
with the social evening, the same group 
provided some excellent cider and dough- 


Before this issue reaches you, there 
ill have been published the Report cf 
che Special Committee on Personnel Rating 
on the results of the poll just completed, 
This poll was authorized and conducted as 
a result of many suggestions that the 
Association go on record in this matter. 
The surprising factor in the results 
therefore was not the relatively close 
division, but that about ninety (90) mem- 
bers failed to vote. In this connection 
it might be well to repeat a thought ex- 
pressed at the November Business Pfeeting. 
If this failure to vote is traceable to 
personal neglect or to over-confidence 
on one side or another, it is a practice 
which, in the best interests of the Asso- 
ciation, should be discontinued. 

The Nominating Committee under Miss 
Sarah M. Usher has presented a splendid 
list of candidates for the forthcoming 
election. In contrast to previous ex- 
perience, there was no difficulty in 
securing people willing to serve - a 
point which perhaps lends emphasis to 
the growth of the Association. The list 
is reproduced elsewhere in this issue. 
We trust that each member will make- it a 
matter of personal business to vote in 
the January election. 

Particularly gratifying is the news 
that, at latest count, our membership is 
411. Although this represents nearly 
complete coverage of those eligible, it 
is hoped that those few still outside 
will join us before the January election. 

The Special Committee on CARE reports 
disbursement of ;iil60.00 this month to 
provide Christmas cheer for needy fami- 
lies of librarians in less-fortunate 
Europe. This activity has been very suc- 
cessful and reflects the greatest of 
credit upon each member. Mr Lord told us 
that at a meeting of the Library Associa- 
tion (British) in England which he re- 
cently attended, he was pleasantly sur- 
prised to find that our CARE packages 
were on the agenda of that body. It 

seems that CARE has designated the Li- 
brary Association as one of the cooper- 
ating agencies in Britain. 

This issue of the Question M° rk carries 
a special article on our work with CARE. 
We recommend that you read the excerpts 
from letters received from overseas in 
order to understand just what our contri- 
butions are doing, 



A Book Week Poster Contest, sponsored 
by the Codman Square Branch and open to 
three junior high schools in the area 
served attracted forty-four entries by 
more than thirty young artists. 

Two prizes were awarded, one on the 
basis of ability to convey the Book Week 
slogan "Books Tell the Story", the other 
on the basis of artistic merit. Six boys 
and girls earned honorable mentions. 

Posters were judged by Miss Elizabeth 
M. Gordon, Deputy Supervisor, In Charge 
of Work with Children, Miss Elizabeth P. 
Ross, Branch Librarian, and Mr James 
Parr, artist and faculty member of Vesper 
George School of Art. The Boston Globe 
and Christian Science Monitor covered 
the event, as well as local papers. 

A tea for teachers on Thursday, Novem- 
ber 19, climaxed Codman Square's success- 
ful celebration of Book Week. 

P. W. 

Throngs of happy children accepted the 
invitation of the colored balloons on 
the children's door of the East Boston 
Branch Library to "Come to the fair" 
during Book Week. Beloved animal char- 
acters were featured in such exhibits as 
"Horse Show", "Barnyard Friends", "Cat 
and Dog Show". A large red and yellow 
booth displaying new books, a magician 
pulling books from his magic hat, the 
"Home Center" and "Magic" were other ef- 
fective exhibits based on the fair theme. 
Each afternoon at four happy children 


heard a special story hour, played book 
games at the "Fun House", entered a book 
contest or attended the library movies. 
On Thursday, five boys from Central 
Square Center entertained an audience of 
one hundred eighty with music and eight 
girls from Trinity House danced folk 
dances. Blue ribbons were awarded to the 
contest winners at the Saturday morning 
story hour and the week's celebrations 
closed with each child drawing a book 
mark from the magic grab bag. 

"Germany 1948", a timely and telling 
exhibit of photographs opened in the 
Adult Room of the East Boston Branch 
Library on Monday, November 15. These 
pictures, loaned by Mr. Laurence 
"'voodbury, Head Worker at the Central 
Square Center, were taken on his trip to 
Germany this spring. Ruined buildings, 
devastated cities, children at work and 
at play, the Nuremberg trials and youth 
leaders, graphically illustrate problems 
of modern Germany. 

The East Boston Branch Library held its 
fourth annual Art Exhibit in the Adult 
and Children's Rooms from October 18th 
to November 13th. This exhibit of work 
done in the schools of East Boston is of 
great community interest because of its 
size, scope, originality, color, imagi- 
nation, and talent. To provide the 
teachers of East Boston with a special 
opportunity to view the exhibit, a tea 
was given during Art Week on 'Wednesday 
afternoon, November 3rd. More than 
seventy-five guests came to see the ex- 
hibit and were served tea and various 
delicacies from the candle-lit table in 
the office. Mrs Ada Andelman, Supervisor 
in the Circulation Division, presided at 
the tea table and Mrs Geraldine Altman, 
Branch Librarian of Jeffries Point Li- 
brary, assisted Miss Nourse and staff in 
serving. Mr Casimir Shea, Head of the 
Art Department of the Boston Schools, 
end five of his supervisors were honored 

In honor of Children's Book ""eek, 
Faneuil Branch arranged a display of 
children's books in the adult fiction 
room for parents. There, a poster carry- 
ing out the Book Week caption, "Books 
tell the story" was displayed. 

The Great Books Discussion Group of the 
Jamfica Plain Branch has already had four 
sessions. Our members are composed of 
residents from the Jamaica Plain district 
and also from other parts of the city. 
The membership is heterogeneous and con- 
sists of housewives, teachers, lawyers, 
social service workers, accountants, an 
engineering student, and a college stu- 
dent. These people make a fascinating 
picture and, as a cross-section group, 
discuss with animation problems which 
have vexed thinkers of all time. Our 
prize member is a housewife, mother of 
five children, who tells us that it is 
no small task to get her household in 
order so that she may partake of the wise 
thinking of past masters. 

Most of our members come faithfully to 
each session; however, there are always 
several new visitors who came because as 
they say, "^e want to know how a Great 
Book Discussion group is conducted." 
And, we, the leaders, find that each 
session proves to be a great pleasure to 
us, as this human and intellectual com- 
panionship takes place. 

The evening is usually alive with dis- 
cussion and even argument, and the two 
hours alloted for this study hardly seem 
to be enough. One of our members brought 
in about twenty-five pamphlets dealing 
with the Declaration of Independence; 
these were issued to the various members 
of our group who were able to use them 
as background material for the first 
lesson. One of our group (a social 
worker) presented the branch with a 
framed copy of the Declaration of 
Independence and we have used it as a 
background for a display entitled, 
"Know Your Government". This has pleased 
the members. 

We feel that the Great Books discussion 
group will have served a double purposo — 


introducing great books to the general 
public and continuing the feeling of 
good-will for the library and understand- 
ing its aims. 

E. G-. 

compositions which they had written at 
home. The name "Scrapbook Club" is a 
rather loose term, for it includes prac- 
tically every child who comes to South 
End Branch from those of pre-school age 
through senior high school. They Pre all 
interested in making friends beyond their 
own boundaries. 

On Tuesday evening, November 16th, the 
Dorchester Chapter of the Parents' Feder- 
ation met at the Mt. Bowdoin Branch Li- 
brary to hear a talk on books for chil- 
dren, presented by Miss Mildred Kaufman, 
the Children's Librarian. 

In honor of Children's Book " J eek, Nov- 
ember 15 to 20, a tea was held at the 
Parker Kill Branch Library on Friday, 
November 12, for the grammar school 
teachers of the district and the Sisters 
of Our Lady of Perpetual Help School. It 
provided occasion for the Sisters and 
teachers of the section to meet the new 
Librarian, Miss Mary A. Hackett. 

The Children's Room was decorated for 
the occasion with colored posters and 
brightly jacketed books. The Auditorium 
in which the tea was held was gay with 
bright yellow posters, a large perfectly- 
appointed tea table, and vases of yellow 
chrysanthemums and dusty pink asters. 
Assisting Miss Kackett were Miss Mannix, 
Children's Librarian, who acted as host- 
ess and introduced the teachers to the 
Librarian, Miss Fernachan who presided 
at the tea table, Miss Ryan and Miss 

The Children's Scrapbook Club is now in 1 
full swing at South End Branch, assem- 
bling material for a scrapbook to be sentj 
to the children of the Benjamin Franklin i 
Library in Mexico City where Miss Eva J. 
Anttonen is the Children's Librarian. 
Meetings are held at the Library every 
Thursday at four o'clock, but activities 
extend throughout the week. The children! 
come into the Library at any time that is I 
convenient to hand in pictures and clip- I 
pings or to sit down and copy with pen 
and ink, and their best penmanship, the 

The children have already finished one 
scrapbook, containing original composi- 
tions, photographs of themselves, post 
cards, drawings, and newspaper clippings, 
and have sent it off to the Rinnie School, 
Crossville, Tennessee. Miss Golden 
Elmore, the principal, and the 104 pupils 
of the school are now working on a scrap- 
book for us. 

Last summer, South End Branch Library 
received a scrapbook from the Benjamin 
Franklin Library. The Mexican children 
included not only photographs of them- 
selves, but also original drawings, 
newspaper clippings, and a collection 
of real Mexican pottery, curios, and 
coins. Moreover, one of our girls has 
begun a correspondence with one of Miss 
Anttonen 's Mexican children c 

M. C. E. 

Miss Flanagan and her staff welcomed 
Mrs Ada Andelman and the Branch Librar- 
ians when the group met at the new quar- 
ters of the School Issue Deportment for 
their monthly meeting, November 3rd. 
After the business of the meeting was 
transacted, the group had a chance to 
observe the department at first hand and 
to better understand its aims and the 
work accomplished. 

The high spot socially came at twelve 
o'clock when a delicious catered lunch- 
eon was served. Invitations had been 
sent to the Branch Librarians Emeritus 
since their interest in the department's 
new quarters was very keen. Also in- 
cluded were some of the personnel of the 
Central Library who during a period of 
years have contributed more or less in- 
directly to the efficient workings of the 
department. The occasion provided a 
pleasant get-together for all. 


Among those who joined the Branch Li- 
brarians for luncheon at twelve were 
Katie F. Albert, Branch Librarian Emeri- 
tus, Elizabeth B. Boudreau, Ruth S. 
Cannell, M. Florence Cufflin, Branch Li- 
brarian Emeritus, Edith Guerrier, Super- 
visor of Branch Libraries Emeritus, 
Elizabeth M. Gordon, Mrs Grace B. Lough- 
lin, Ethel M. Hazlewood, Mrs Muriel C. 
Javelin, Mrs Rose C. Leavitt, Mary M. 
McDonough, Clara L. Maxwell, Branch Li- 
brarian Emeritus, Edna G. Peck, Margaret 
H, Reid, Branch Librarian Emeritus, • 
Katherine S. Rogan, Branch Librarian 
Emeritus, Mary M. Sullivan, Branch Li- 
brarian Emeritus, Sarah M. Usher, and 
Mrs Elizabeth L. "'right. 

Against a background of gay Halloween 
decorations, doughnuts and coffee were 
served to Elizabeth M. Gordon and the 
Children's Librarians at the close of 
their meeting on October 27th in the new 
quarters of the School Issue Department. 
The group was pleasantly surprised by 
the unexpected arrival of Alice M. 
Jordan, Supervisor of "fork with Children, 
Emeritus, who had been uncertain as to 
whether or not she could attend. Chil- 
dren's Librarians who had served under 
Miss Jordan enjoyed a chat with her and 
new arrivals to the profession welcomed 
the opportunity of meeting her. Many 
compliments were received on the attrac- 
tiveness of the new quarters. 



We have heard rumors that the women's 
lounge is shortly to be enlarged at the 
expense of the adjoining little room with 
the couch. Last spring a notice was cir- 
culated inviting staff members who had 
any objections to doing away with the 
little room to voice these objections in 
writing to the Personnel Office, We un- 
derstand that only eight persons objected, 
that these eight were called into con- 
ference and it was put to these objectors 
that since such a small minority of women 
staff members were sufficiently dis- 
tressed at the loss of the room to object, 
the room would be confiscated inasmuch as 

the majority must want it that way. w e 
wish to point out that such a conclusion 
may not be accurate, since it is a well- 
known fact that people may have the best 
intentions to object to procedures, but 
are not noted for doing anybhing con- 
structive about objecting without a little 

We confess that we were very indignant 
at the plan to do away with the little 
room, but, and we likewise confess this 
with shame, we did not voice any objec- 
tion at the appointed time. Later we did 
try, but were told it was too late. " r e 
suspect that there are a good many more 
than eight who feel very strongly about 
destroying the little room. In view of 
the fact that people often have to be 
prodded to do things they often want to 
do, but just put off doing, we wonder if 
more of you can't follow our example and 
sit right down after reading this, and 
write to the Personnel Office that you 
object. Even if you merely say you ob- 
ject and list one reason, it would give 
the Office a fairer picture of the pro- 
portion of the staff, and there are many 
uttering dissatisfaction, who really feel 
the need of a room in which to rest. 

There is no one place in the entire 
central building, except this small room 
where women staff members can lie down. 
And often is the time v,hen one has a 
headache, or one's nerves are tense from 
too long hours on a public desk, hours 
which have to be too long because lack of 
space or of staff demand that persons be 
on a desk much longer than the two con- 
tinuous hours held to be sufficient for 
the normal worker. One needs a place 
where one can relax even for just ten or 
twenty minutes. And yet one is not ill 
enough to go to the nurse and lie down in 
the hospital. We are not quibbling about 
the admirable plan to enlarge the lounge, 
but we think some other place should be 
found for a cot. 

r re understand that the eight who ob- 
jected were told that arrangements were 
being made whereby anyone who merely 
wanted to lie do v Ti a few moments could 
go to the nurse's quarters. But one can- 
not relax when one is in a room separated 
from others, who may be talking or being 


treated medically, by only a flimsy 
screen. And what if someone were ill and 
needed to use the nurse's room for its 
originally- intended purpose? Also, what 
of the people who come in to see the 
nurse for medical care and expect to be 
able to talk of their needs in private. 
The nurse's quarters are hardly large 
enough to allow for such private conver- 
sation if someone were resting on the 
other side of the screen. If such an 
arrangement were made, we would be will- 
ing to wager that it would be a very 
small minority of the staff who would 
ask to use the nurse's cots for resting, 
pimply because they would hesitate to ask 
to use it. It is unfair to the nurse, to 
the patient, and to the person trying to 
find a place to rest. 

There should be some room where the 
women on the staff can have a little 
privacy. Heaven knows, there is no pri- 
vacy at all in the locker rooms, with a 
thoroughfare right through to Book 
Preparation and the Patent Room. There 
is little enough privacy in the powder 
room, with the door always open, and if 
the door were closed there wouldn't be 
room enough for all the people passing 
in and out to do so. Many is the night 
that one is schedviled to work till 6 p.m. 
and has to be somewhere at 7 or so and 
there isn't time to go home and back. 
Yet, with the little room abolished, 
there is no place at all where one can 
change from one's work clothes, as is 
sometimes necessary. 

Let it be understood that we are not 
opposed to enlarging the women's lounge — 
it's a wonderful idea. On a rainy day 
there isn't room for even a quarter of 
the staff, and did you ever try to hold a 
cup of tea without rubbing elbows at one 
of the staff teas at, say, about 3:30 or 
4 o'clock? *7e grant the lounge should 
have been twice as large in the first 
place, as should the lunch room and the 
powder room. But none of these should be 
enlarged at the expense of another much- 
used and much-needed room. Enlarge the 
staff lounge, yes, but find then, another 
place for a couch or two where women 
staff members may relax in privacy if 
they so desire. Modern business realizes 
the necessity to provide such facilities 

for its employees, so why should not a 
public institution the size of this feel 

the same obligation to its 



Once in a while 

Will you try to give one little thought 

to me 
Though someone else may be 
Nearer your heart (the Professional). 

Once in a while will you think of 
Your work that I did for you 
YVhile you sailed the Mediterranean Blue 
And dined ^l la carte. 

In your four weeks vacation 

Our cares are doubly increased 

Yet we only have two weeks i 1 1 

At this rate we'll soon be deceasedl 

I know that I'd be contented with only 
Four weeks vacation 
In which I could roam the nation 
Once in a while. 


Each morning bright and early 

As I plod that extra mile 

To the side door of the building 

I wonder all the while 

This is supposed to save a man 

At least that's vhat they say 

But as I walk past bolted gates 

He ' s in there anyway J 1 1 

- Perplexed - 

overheard at connol l y branch 

A little boy who had recently reported 
his library card lost, appeared at the 
registration desk one day to notify the 
Library that he had found his old card. 
"I wanted to tell you," he said "so you 
wouldn't be worried about it." 



The Staff Association is in receipt of 
many interesting letters of thanks from 
persons to whom our CARE packages were 
sent. We are copying some of them, or 
excerpts from them, below for your in- 

"1. R.Flint. A.L.A. 

268, VT est Park Drive ("'est) 

Leeds, 8 

Yorkshire, U.K. — 

Oct. 3rd. 1948 

To the Members 

of the Professional Staff Association, 
Boston P.L. 

Dear Members, 

My wife and I wish to tender our sin- 
cere thanks to you for your kindness and 
generosity in sending these gift parcels, 
of which I am a grateful recipient. Our 
baby is today 10 weeks old and is devel- 
oping very nicely, but my wife has had to 
undergo a minor operation this last week. 
However, she is now recovering nicely, 
and I am looking forward to having the 
two of them home again very shortly. 

You will no doubt be interested to 
know more of the persons to whom your 
parcels have been delivered. I am a 
Branch Librarian in the Leeds Public 
Libraries, being appointed to the Hunslet 
Branch (built 1931) on completion of a 
year at Leeds School of Librarianship. 
In June this year I completed the first 
five parts of the Fellowship of the Li- 
brary Association, and am now commencing 
my thesis, which forms part 6 of the 
Final Examination. I would be very in- 
terested to correspond with a member of 
your staff on a professional level and 
will certainly reply to any letter I re- 

Once more, please accept our sincere 
thanks for your welcome gift. 

Yours sincerely, 

It. R. Flint. 

20, Springfield Rd., 
King's Heath, 

Birmingham, 14 ■* 

Thurs. 30/9/48 

The Secretary, 

Professional Staff Association, 

Boston Public Library 

Dear Sir or Madam, 

I must write and tell you how delight- 
ed my wife and I were to receive a gift 
parcel, (layette) from your Staff asso- 
ciation. " r e do appreciate very much the 
kindness shown in sending this most use- 
ful gift to us and we feel, more than 
ever before, the close link that there is 
between our two English speaking nations. 

Te have also received the gift of an 
eiderdown for the baby bed from friends 
in the Netherlands, so it will be quite 
an international baby that we have. 

The baby, a daughter to be called 
Rosemary Ann, arrived on Tuesday and so 
did your lovely gift parcel* 1 

Please convey my thanks to the members 
of your association and my greetings to 
them as fellow workers in the public 

Please excuse this brief and poor ef- 
fort at writing a letter but possibly you 
know the state of mind that is peculiar 
to a new Father like myself. 

Again many thanks for the gift and 
kindest regards to yourself. 

Yours sincerely, 

Ronald F. Smith 
Senior Assistant 
Stirchley Public Library 

Rijswijk 28th Sept, 1948 

Mr. Eamon McDonough 

Dear Mr. McDonough, 

With this letter I wish to express my 
gratitude for the marvellous food parcel 


I received a few days ago. I appreciate 
this gift very much, not only because of 
the delicious contents of the parcel, but 
also because of the kind thoughts which 
made it possible to send it to me. This 
kindness is a sign, that in spite of all 
the dark aspects of mankind, there is ex- 
isting a Brotherhood of Man. We need 
this cooperation so much in this trem- 
bling and tottering xvorld of our days. 

Dear Sir, will you please tell the mem- 
bers of the Boston Public Library Profes- 
sional Staff Ass., I am deeply touched by 
their generosity and brotherly kindness? 

You will be interested to know that I 
am a colleague of yours, as I am an as- 
sistant librarian at the Technical 
University Library, Delft. My work is 
to catalog the books and to take care of 
the alphabetic catalog. I think you have 
a dictionary catalog. This kind is not 
"in vogue" in Holland. T 7e have an alpha- 
betic catalog, in which the books ere ar- 
ranged on writers' names, and two subject 
catalogs, one systematic and one alpha- 

Except the books on technical sciences, 
we have a large collection of books on 
art, history, philosophy, social 
sciences, law, etc. ... 

... I shall always be pleased to give 
any information ebout our library, you 
should like to have. If you would be so 
kind as to send me a picture of your li- 
brary, I should be pleased. 

Yours very sincerely, 

Catharina de Goede de Koning 
Emmastraat 19 
Rijswijk Z.H. 

ED. note: Miss de Koning encloses sever- 
al pictures of her library. 

(Section of the Library Association) 
Honorary Secretary: CENTRAL LIBRARY 
C.W.Taylor, F.L.A. SHEFFIELD 1 

Cm :H 

29th September, 1948 

The Secretary, 

Professional Staff Association, 

Boston Public Library, 

Copley Square, 


Mass. U.S.A . 

Dear Mr. Secretary, 

I was one of the fortunate few selected 
by the Library Association, to receive a 
layette. I received this yesterday, and 
I am taking this early opportunity to 
express my thanks to your Association for 
their very generous gift. The contents 
of the parcel, I can assure you, will be 
greatly appreciated in these days of 
coupons. Practically all the essential 
things required by a baby demand coupons 
and the allocation given for the purpose 
barely covers the needs. Your present 
will mean that the coupons allowed will 
be used for the little additional luxu- 
ries so beloved by mothers. 

As you will notice from the letter 
heading above, I am Secretary of the 
Yorkshire Division of the Association of 
Assistant Librarians and I shall be very 
pleased at any time to receive details 
of your activities and functions. 

In closing, may I again express the 
thanks of my wife and myself for your 
very acceptable gift. 

Yours sincerely, 
C. ,rT . Taylor 

The Secretary, Professional Staff Assn., 
Boston Public Library, Copley Sq. 
Boston, Mass., U.S.A. 24th October, 1948 

Dear Sir, 

It gives me the greatest pleasure to 
acknowledge the receipt of one of your 
Gift parcels, distributed by the Library 
Association to the babies of library 
workers in this country. f"e expected a 
small "good-will" food parcel & were 
overwhelmed ... by what we actually 


received. The action ... of your Asso- 
ciation in conceiving the idea of sending 
such parcels was one of characteristic 
generosity; the actual carrying out of 
the project exceeded it. I should like 
you to convey to the members of your or- 
ganization the thanks & appreciation of 
my wife and myself, & of my son & daugh- 
ter; their appreciation, tho' less lucid, 
was more physically immediate. 

Perhaps your members would be interest- 
ed in a few personal £ professional de- 
tails of the recipients of their gift? I 
em a Branch Librarian in St Pancras, one 
of the 28 separate & independent Boroughs 
that make up the Metropolitan area of 
London. "Je have six Branches, all of 
them small &, with one exception, in con- 
verted premises, but no Central Library! 
My Branch is a converted house in Camden 
Town, one of the centres of working-class 
London <*■ haunt of 'spivs', barrow-boys & 
small criminals as well as being the one 
time residence of the famous 'Camden 
Town' group of English painters of whom 
the most famous was W. R. Sickert. 
Charles Dickens, H. G. "ells, Bernard 
Shaw, Ellen Terry & many other famous 
people have at times lived in the dis- 
trict. In the library we issue about 
2500 Adult & 300 Junior books a week; our 
total book stock being about 15,000. 

After my release from the Army I was 
able to obtain a Government grant to 
study full-time for a year for my Final 
Library Examination which I passed in 
June last. These grants correspond to 
your 'G.I. Bill of Rights' & have been 
generously administered by the Govern- 
ment. I particularly remember during my 
Library School year the envious stir 
caused in the class by news of the estab- 
lishment of the John Defarrari Foundation 
with its most munificent donation to the 
Boston Public Library. A historic event 
in the life of one of the great historic 
Public Libraries. 

My wife, Margaret, was formerly a Li- 
brarian & my daughter Ann, aged two, de- 
spite discouragement appears to be going 
the same way, certainly she has a passion 
for books. Alastair, who is seven months, 
is only interested in anything he can 

I hope your mental picture of circum- 
stances in this country if not too grim? 
Perhaps some of your staff have visited 
us? Despite restrictions of various 
sorts & an inclination to monotony of 
diet the whole population of this country 
is better fed than ever before &, both 
during 4 since the war, children & preg- 
nant mothers have been the first charge 
on our resources as far as the provision 
of Health services & body-building foods- 
milk, cod-liver oil, eggs etc. -is con- 
cerned. The present generation of chil- 
dren is a bonny one. 

But we de repeat our warm thanks for 
your supplement to baby's food, he's been 
grovring very fat since we received it, & 
would like to extend an invitation to any 
of you who may visit England, on study or 
vacation, to visit us. If we have moved, 
the new address can always be supplied by 
the Library Association 

Cordial greeting & best wishes, 
Edgar H. Seagroatt 
94 Ladbroke Grove, 
London, '". 11, England. 

The Secretary, 29th Sept. 1948 
Professional Staff Association 
Boston P.L. 

Dear Sir, 

I am writing to express sincerest 
thanks on behalf of my wife, baby daugh- 
ter and myself for the wonderfully gen- 
erous parcel of baby foods which we re- 
ceived today at the instigation of your 
association,, All the contents were so 
good as to be only equalled by the kind 
consideration which prompted you to 
sponsor their presentation. 

I have had previous personal experience 
of the generosity and hospitality of the 
M. American continent, having undergone 
my aircrew training in the late war in 
Canada, so this parcel is yet another 
confirmation of these admirable (and 
greatly appreciated) qualities. 

Trusting that you will pass on my very 
sincere appreciation to all the other 


members of your association, I am, 

Yours very sincerely, 

F. R. Taylor, A.L.A. 
152, Parklands Road 
Royal Oak, ^.ythenshawe, 
Manchester, Englend. — ■ 

Boston Public Library 8-10-48 
Professional Staff Assoc/ October 8, 1948) 
c/o Mr. Samon McDonough 
Copley Square, Boston. 

Dear Friends: 

Your address was on the C.A.R.E. slip 
sent me from Paris. I have this minute 
received a CARE Colis, so write imme- 
diately to express my unbounded gratitude 
for this favour. I have not yet undone 
the colis, I am so appreciative of your 
bounty that I don't take time even to 
peek inside I 

We have plenty of certain things in 
France with the exception of butter, 
milk etc. We get oil instead of butter, 
nut oil or sun flower (here in the south) 
oil with which we cook. It is the price 
of food that renders the purchasing of 
the needful almost impossible, prices 
increase daily with leaps and bounds. 
You have also increased prices so it is 
all the more generous of you to consider 
us over here. If at any time I can do 
anything for any one of you I shall be 
most happy to be of any service at any 

With sincere thanks 
Your Grateful 
Mary L. Boswell 
Gloria Mansions 
125 Rue de France 
Nice, A M, France. ' 


Aavasaksantie 9 A 2 

M.K. Narhi 

Mr Eamon McDonough; 

That came as a gladdening surprise to 

me to receive a great care-package in 
these days. It was very very kind of you 
to remember a Finnish colleague who has 
now got into difficulties. Peing sick 
already a year's time I'm unable to take 
care of my family properly. In my family 
there are 4 children, two boys, 8 and 3 
years and two girls, 7 and 5 years. 
ly wife is compelled to work for the liv- 
ing of the family. She is a teacher at 
the same school where two older of our 
children go, ... Before I get ill I was 
at the City Library of Helsinki, as the 
first librarian. Besides I acted as the 
secretary of the Library association of 
Finland and as the secretary of the com- 
mittee appointed to reform the Library 
Law of Finland, 

You'll understand that it was very hard 
to me to leave all these employments that 
had grown very dear to me. If I ever 
shall have possibility to return to my 
work, I'll communicate it to you. In 
that case I should be very much obliged 
if I could receive any insights about 
your library, any book or presentation 
about it - we have surely much to learn 
about such a great library. ... 

addition by wife after husband's operation ; 


...You cannot imagine how glad I'm for 
your kindness I Expressly for that sake 
that it made my husband happy to think 
that we'd got such a lot very very valu- 
able things - and that from his colleagues. 
He has of course been quite depressed be- 
cause his incomes have grown decreased 
and he's always fearing I have it too 
hard now. But I'm very happy while think- 
ing that we maybe some day shall get him 
home again. The children are missing him 
terribly and I much more. 

"fe are vrondering here the helpfulness 
of you Americans. v . r e know quite well 
that you cannot yourself imagine what a 
such day when the postman brings an Amer- 
ican Care-envelope, means here. It means 
a Santa Claus for the whole family, a 
Christmas day amidst the autumn. And one 
has then a. little easier to believe that 
the Good V. r ill still exists, after all... 
The wonder that quite unknown persons 
care for us and help us, that gives 
courage. God bless you. ... 

<;■'■=' ', 

a bra & r 

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Published by the 
Boston Public Library- 
Professional Staff Association 
Editor; Sarah"". Flannery 

Volume III 
Number 9 
December 1948 


Election time for the BPLPSA draws near 
and with it the annual chance of the mem- 
bers to actively express their interest 
in the association, and, by voting for 
the candidates of their choice, to help 
shape its policies. Many of us who may 
be unable to vote in person might be in- 
clined to let the matter slide, forget- 
ting the possibility of voting by absen- 
tee ballot. Those who will be unable to 
attend the election are urged to avail 
themselves of the privilege they enjoy of 
absentee voting, and not to let the op- 
portunity pass of helping the best man to 
win. Any information you may desire con- 
cerning absentee ballots will be gladly 
supplied by the secretary, Miss Dorothy 
Shaw of the Periodical and Newspaper 
Department . 

Christmas this year seemed to bring out 
the best artistic talents of many members 
of the staff from what we observed in our 
travels around the building. Many of the 
displays of Christmas decorations were 
distinguished both for originality and 
beauty. They certainly gave a festive 
air to the building. 

Everyone seems to have enjoyed the 
staff Christmas party held in the newly 
enlarged and repainted women's lounge. 
Many pleased comments were passed not 
only on the refreshments which were up to 
their usual high standard, but also on 
the general air of festive camaraderie 
that was in evidence. 

We dropped in for a moment on the dance 
held by the extra service personnel, and 
to us it seemed like a very nice affair. 
We are still puzzled, however, as to how 
Santa Claus crashed the party. Rumor has 
it that he left an engagement at a nearby 
hotel on purpose to entertain the LibraryJjAmer 



Ruth F. Keyes, Washington Village 
Branch Library, was married on November 
20, 1948 to Joseph L. Conroy. 

Ruth I. Williamson, History Department, 
was married on December 31, 1948 to Robert 
W, Heiles, formerly of the Book Purchasing 
Department. They will make their home on 
Long Island. 

Frank J. Seegraber, Kirstein Business 
Branch, resigned to accept a position as 
Reference Librarian at the Boston College 

Matthew Muckensturm, Periodical and 
Newspaper Department, ceased service on 
November 26, 1948, after working in the 
department since 1943. Mr. Muckensturm 
had worked in the Shelf Department from 
1889 to 1905. 

Abraham H. Kalish, Circulation Division 
Office, resigned to accept a position in 
the Library of the State Department, 
■Washington, D.C. 

New citizenl To Mr. and Mrs. Francis 
Scannell a second son, Joel. Mr. Scannell 
formerly worked in the Boston Public Li- 
brary and is now at the Detroit Public 



The membership will be pleased to learn 
that we have recently affiliated with the 
Staff Organizations Round Table of the 
ican Library Association. Through 
affiliation it is hoped that we may estab- 
lish a closer contact with groups similar 
to our own, and in this way be more aware 
of problems and activities of such groups 


in other institutions. We will attempt 
also to make available through the Staff 
Library a file of the bulletin of the 
Round Table. 

Mr McDonough of the CARE Committee 
reports a disbursement of eighty ($80) 
dollars in December for the purchase of 
eight CARE packages. The continued 
support of this activity reflects credit 
upon the entire membership. 

May we urge every member to cast a bal 
lot in the annual election of the Asso- 
ciation. It is of great importance that 
this be done. The candidates presented 
on the slate are of very high calibre, 
and by their presence indicate a willing 
ness to give their time and talent for 
our benefit. The common good of the 
Association, to say nothing of co\irtesy, 
seems to indicate the necessity of voting. 
A sample ballot, with the names of the 
candidates, will soon be sent out by 
Miss Shaw. We should like to mention 
that three candidates have withdrawn 
since the slate was made up, Marie 
McCarthy, Aaron Starr, and Frank 

It has been brought to our attention 
that organizations such as ours are 
sometimes able to make arrangements with 
local "blood-bank" authorities whereby 
the members, by providing the "blood- 
bank" with a stated number of units of 
whole blood within a calendar year, are 
in consequence guaranteed that they and 
members of their immediate families will 
be provided, free of charge, with any 
transfusions required in the course of 
medical treatment. In view of the fact 
that the present fee for transfusions is 
twenty-five dollars a pint, we wonder if 
the membership feels that the question 
is worth investigation. Those who have 
information or opinion regarding this 
matter are invited to communicate with 
the Secretary, Miss Shaw. 

It is regrettable that we must note 
here the "disappearance" of an alarming 
number of books from the Staff Library. 
While the matter will probably be brought 
to your attention through other channels, 
we nonetheless note here that any member 
who has become careless about charging 
out items from the collection should have 
regard for the very simple procedure now 
in effect in this matter. If there be 
members who now have in their possession 
any items from the Staff Library which 
have been removed without recourse to the 
self-charging system, may we urge that 
they return such books at their earliest 
convenience. The present situation re- 
flects adversely upon the Staff of the 
Library as a professional group, and in- 
directly upon the membership of this 

The Valentine Party of the B.P.L. 
Employees' Benefit Association, Inc., to 
be held at the Sheraton on Thursday, 10 
February 1949, gives promise of great 
success. Reservations should be made 
with Frank Bruno (Patent Room). The 
charge for the entire evening, including 
dinner, dancing, taxes and tips amounts 
to $3.25 per person. You are invited to 
bring a friend. Parties may reserve 

This will be the last issue of the 
Question Mark to appear under the present 
administration. The writer would like to 
convey his very humble thanks to the mem- 
bership in choosing him to serve as 
President for the past year. It was in- 
deed an honor: one not soon to be for- 

To the very able chairmen of the sev- 
eral standing and special committees, we 
would like to pay particular tribute. 
It is a pleasure to recall that in each 
case the Association was fortunate in 
enjoying the services of these able and 
devoted people. To no less an extent are 
we indebted to the scores of members who 
worked so diligently on these committees. 

Particular mention should be made of 


the outstanding contributions of the 
Secretary, Miss Dorothy Shaw, end the 
Treasurer, Miss Ruth M. Hayes. These two 
officers have distinguished themselves in 
difficult fields. 

Finally, to the Executive Board we wish 
to express our pleasure in a fruitful and 
pleasant association during the past year. 
Such progress as may have been made under 
the present administration can be traced 
in large measure to the wise guidance 
and generous support of the Executive 



American library directory, 1948. 
Bean, Donald E. 

Modular planning for college and small 

university libraries. 
Carnegie, Dale. 

How to stop worrying and start living. 
Conference on Reading. University of 


Promoting personal and social develop- 
ment through reading. 
Cronin, Archibald J. 

Shannon's way. 
Douglas, Lloyd C. 

The big fisherman, 
Eisenhower, Dwight D. 

Crusade in Europe. 
Galvin, Hoyt R. 

Films in public libraries. 
Jennings, John Edward. 

River to the west. 
McDonald^ Gerald D. 

Educational motion pictures and librar- 
Mailer, Norman. 

The naked and the dead. 
Muchnic, Helen. 

Introduction to Russian literature. 
Muir, Percival Horace. 

Book-collecting as a hobby, 
Nunmaker , Frances B. 

The library broadcasts. 
Sandburgj Carl. 

Remembrance Rock,, 
Shaw, Irwin. 

The young lions. 
Sherwood, Robert E. 

Roosevelt and Hopkins, 

Skinner, Cornelia 0. 

Family circle. 
Unwin, Sir Stanley. 

The truth about publishing. 
Updike, Daniel B. 

Updike: American printer and his 

Merrymount Fress. 



The lecture hall of the Connolly Branch 
Library was the scene of a party for Girl 
Scouts on December 6, when the Jamaica 
Plain "'omen's Club presented a special 
Scout Nighto There was an exhibit of 
handcraft by local girl scouts and a 
demonstration of Girl Scout activities. 
Speakers of the evening were Miss Bass 
and Mrs Henry Gomperts. 

The annual Christmas party of the 
Jamaica Plain Women's Club was held on 
December 20 in the Lecture Hall of 
Connolly Branch. Another Christmas ac- 
tivity was the Christmas party which the 
Club held for the children of the 
Connolly district. An annual event, this 
year's party was held in the assembly 
hall of the Mary E. Curley School which 
can accommodate a larger audience than 
the Library's lecture hall. The party 
which was held on December 22 from 2:30 
to 5:00 P.M. was under the direction of 
Miss Margaret A. Calnan, Branch Librar- 
ian, and Miss Ruth Riceman, Children's 
Librarian. The play "'Hansel and Gretel" 
was presented by Edward Golden and his 
Jamaica Plain little Theatre Group. An 
orchestra provided musical background and 
played for the singing of carols. Santa 
Glaus was an honored guest and provided 
candy and gifts for all the children. 

Upon coming up from the lecture hall 
after a film showing at the Connolly 
Branch Library, the Children's Librarian 
was approached by a little girl who had 
been in the audience. Pointing to the 
two cans of film the librarian was carry- 
ing, she asked, "If you don ; t need those 
movies any more, May I have them? 


On December 22 patrons who were in the 
Fellowes Athenaeum Branch were delighted 
to have an opportunity to greet Miss Mary 
Ames whom they had known as their librar- 
ian for many years, and Miss Gladys "'hite, 
who was in charge at Fellowes Athenaeum 
until last July. Both attended the staff 
Christmas party that afternoon. 

At the Hyde Park Library on Tuesday 
afternoon, December 21, a big surprise 
greeted the regular weekly story hour 
group in "/eld Hall. A wandering hand 
organ man, impersonated by Miss Ella M. 
Adams of the library staff, played gay 
tunes to the delight of the children. 
The most important items of Miss Adam's 
costume were a big brown sombrero and a 
fierce mustache. No one guessed who the 
music maker was. 

At four o'clock 70 children gathered to 
hear Christmas stories told by Miss 
Jeannette Pepin, Children's Librarian. 
After hearing the stories the children 
sang Christmas carols and listened to 
the eighty-year-old hand organ and the 
old fashioned tunes. Then everyone was 
delighted to have a picture taken of the 

(From the Hyde Park Tribune Dec, 22, 1948) 


At the South Boston Branch Library 
Christmas luncheon for the staff it was 
observed in the midst of chicken a la 
king in patty shells, hot rolls, and a 
rich dessert with whipped cream, that one 
member of the staff was still careful to 
watch her weight. She ate everything, 
but took saccharin in her coffee. 

A Branch Librarian, unable to procure a 
copy of Dante's Inferno, sent a substi- 
tute order card. The title requested was 
The Boston Public Library. Could it be.. 
......? No, it couldn't I 


South End Branch this Christmas dis- 
played holiday decorations peculiarly 
appropriate to the spirit of kindliness 
and good will typical of the season. 
Evergreens, thoroughly fire-proofed of 
course, lent their own special charm to 
the general effect. 

On several past occasions, South End 
has received gifts of beautiful flower 
arrangements from one of the library's 
patrons, Mr Joseph Kharibian, a profes- 
sional floral designer. But the exhibit 
which Mr Kharibian designed and arranged 
for the Children's Room this Christmas 
is the most splendid of them all. At 
least four by seven feet in size, the 
design represents the idea of Christmas 
all over the world from the land of the 
Eskimo to the land of the tropical palm. 
A large figure of Santa Glaus surmounting 
the globe, the sleigh and reindeer racing 
against the sky, and a South Seas hut, 
were part of the display, all against a 
background of blue on which was written 
in silver letters, "A merry Xmas to all 
and to ail a good night"., and enclosed in 
a frame of evergreen and cones from the 
giant redwood trees of California. 

The public as well as the staff of 
South End have enjoyed Mr Kharibian' s 
handiwork. But more than the display 
itself, we, of the staff, value the 
spirit in which it was given-. For this 
is Mr Xharibian's method of expressing 
his appreciation of what South End Branch 
meant to him as a boy. And we of the 
present staff, accept, as proxies, this 
tribute to the staff members who inspired 



H. Vail Deale makes some pertinent ob- 
servations on that perennial subject, 
esprit de corps or library morale in his 
article - ""More Important than your Salary" 
in the v ,ilson Library Bulletin , December 
1948, pp. 306-307. 


The New England Deposit Library, de- 
scribed briefly in the January 1949 issue 
of B»PcL. News , is discussed in some de- 
tail by Francis X. Doherty, formerly of 
the General Reference Department, in his 
article "The New England Deposit Library: 
History and Development," Library 
Quarterly , October, 1948. The author 
also devotes some attention to similar 
deposit libraries in other areas of the 
United States and in Europe and includes 
some analysis of the theory of the stor- 
age library. 

Those who are already thinking about 
improved physical facilities for their 
departments in the proposed new library 
building will find some highly interest- 
ing suggestions in a series of articles 
in the Library Journal, December 15, 
1948. Each describes some resourceful 
solution to particular problems. Donald 
E. Thompson in his article "Planned a 
Building for Future Needs," pp. 1782-1789, 
describes a college library designed to 
meet the needs shown by a survey of en- 
rollment and categories of usage; of 
particular interest is the plan for a 
flexible book stack, "yman Parker, "Few 
Barriers in Building," pp. 1782-17P6, 
demonstrates through a successive series 
of plans the tailoring of physical plant 
both for efficiency and attractiveness; 
especially noteworthy is the ingenious 
treatment of such problems as placement 
of reference books for convenient access 
and arrangement of facilities for col- 
lections in allied subject fields. Other 
modern improvements in architectural de- 
sign and technical equipment incorporated 
in plans for libraries of enhanced utili- 
ty and beauty are described in the arti- 
cles "Library First on Building Program" 
by Charles M. Adams, pp. 1772-1775 and 
"Pasadena Pioneers Building Planning" by 
L. Herman Smith, pp. 1778-1781. 


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