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Published by the Boston Public Library Professional Staff Association 

Volume V, Number 1 

January 19^0 

Publications Committee: Mildred R. Adelson, M. Dorothy Brackett, John M. Carroll, 

Eleanor DiGiannantonio, Sarah M. Usher, Chairman 

Publication date ; 
The fifteenth of each month 

Deadline for submitting material ; 
The tenth of each month 


With this — the eleventh issue under 
its editorship — the Publications Com- 
mittee writes Q.E.D. to its assignment. 

From the welcome comments that have come 
to us, we gather that we have provoked 
wrath and indignation, aroused criticism, 
given pleasure, afforded amusement, cre- 
ated nostalgia, and even provided inspir- 
ation — in varying degrees. For this we 
are grateful; it indicates that The 
Question Mark is being read and evaluated. 
Only by constructive criticism and de- 
served commendation can any Publications 
Committee benefit by its mistakes, keep 
you up-to-date on what is going on in the 
immediate world aroiind you and in the 
larger professional field, and know that 
it has your cooperation. 

The Committee has enjoyed its work and 
the Chairman has had that happy feeling 
that she is not Editor-in-Chief, but that 
The Question Mark has been issued on the 
fifteenth of each month by the joint ef- 
fort of all Committee members, each of 
whom has borne equally his or her share of 

The Committee records its deep apprecia- 
tion of the wholehearted cooperation it 
has received not only from officers and 
members of the Association but from all 
members of the Staff; v/ithout it there 
would have been no staff paper. 

The outgoing Committee offers its best 
wishes and pledges its support to the in- 
coming Committee, which will succeed it on 
January 20. 

To the Staff of the Boston Public Li- 
brary it extends sincere good wishes for 
the year 19^0, 


Mid-Winter Meeting 

Thursday, February 9, 1950 
Copley Plaza Hotel 

See program on last pagei 



New Staff Members 

Mr Louis R. O'Halloran, Supply Room. 
Miss Jean J. Pollard, Lower Mills Branch 

Re-entered Service 

Mr Louis Rains, General Reference De- 


Miss Alice M, Buckley, Allston Branch 
Library, to become Librarian at East 
Boston High School. 

Miss Betty B. Buyck, Cataloging and 
Classification Department, Reference Di- 
vision, to accept a position with the 
Library of Congress. 

Mss Carol A. Connor, Fine Arts Depart- 
ment, to be married. 

Miss Margaret F. Green, Kirstein Busi- 
ness Branch. 

Miss Mary F. Ryan, Lower Mills Branch 
Library, to become School Librarian at 
the Boston Trade High School. 


Mrs Helen M. Duston, Cataloging and 
Classification Department, Reference Divi- 
sion, to Rare Book Department, 

...''^ .'S<i 


Miss Naomi R. Michalak, Hyde Park Branch 
Library, to Jamaica Plain Branch Library. 

Miss Mary L. Dennison, Jeffries Point 
Branch Library, to Alls ton Branch Library. 


Miss Claire Sanderson, Kirstein Business 
Branch, to Mr Donald F. Grushen, pre- 
medical student at Boston College. 

Jilss Ruth Riceman, Children's Librarian 
at Connolly Branch Library, to Mr Maurice 
Shire of New York City. 


On Saturday, January 7, 19^0, Miss Carol 
Connor, recently of the Fine Arts Depart- 
ment, vras married to ¥t Luis Arturo 
Amescua R. at Saint Theresa's Church, 
Watertown. The reception was held at the 
Hampshire House, Boston. I,!r and Mrs 
Amescua will live in Mexico City. 

Mr Thomas Brendan Lavin, Fine Arts De- 
partment, and Miss Esther Julia Kennedy of 
Cambridge were married on Monday, December 
26, 19h9, at Sacred Heart Church, 

Miss Katharine Weisman, Assistant in the 
Children's Room at Memorial Branch Li- 
brary, was married to Mr Myron I. Jaffe, 
on Sunday, December 18, 19h9- Mr and Mrs 
Jaffe spent a week at the Waldorf Astoria 
in New York, saw "South Pacific", 
"Gentlemen Prefer Blonds", and attended 
the Opera. Mrs Jaffee returned to work 
after the Ne\v Year, 


Mr and Mrs Charles J. Gillis, Cataloging 
and Classification Department, Circulation 
Division, have announced the birth of a 
second son, Charles John, Jr., on January 

5, 1950. 


Arthur W. Heintzelman, N.A,, Keeper of 
Prints, has celebrated thirty years of 
print-making with an exhibition at the 
gallery of George Binet in New York City 
from December 7 - January 7. 
Mr Heintzelman is the first American 
etcher who has been asked to exhibit in 
the Binet gallery. From the catalogue of 

the exhibition comes the following note: 
"An exhibition of prints and drawings by 
such an outstanding artist as Arthur W. 
Heintzelman hardly needs an introduction. 
The examples shown" here represent the 
highlights of a thirty years ' career lead- 
ing from his native New England, through a 
fourteen years sojourn in Paris, to honors, 
prizes, and awards all over the United 
States, France, England, and many other 
countries. Novi, as Keeper of Prints of 
the Boston Public Library, he lives among 
masterpieces, and as an artist, he pro- 
duces them". 

Also from the review of the Art Digest 
of December 1, 19li9, comes the following: 
"Arthur W, Heintzelman 's graphic work has 
received so much reclame and such dis- 
cerning criticism that it would be diffi- 
cult to add a further elucidating word. 
Yet in his later etchings and drypoints 
there is a definite divergence, a greater 
simplification of detail. The small plate 
of 'The Crucifix' sums up in majesty all 
that the earlier, more detailed designs 
commiinicated in religious fervor • . • The 
whole exhibition is one of great distinc- 

The earliest print in the exhibit, al- 
though not the first made by the artist, 
is dated 1919, and the latest a drypoint 
portrait head of Judge Harold Medina, fed- 
eral judge, was done at the National 
Academy of Design during an exhibition of 
the Society of American Etchers early this 
year. Actually, it was done during the 
period when Judge Medina was presiding 
over the now famous trial of American 
communists. As the jurist sat for his 
portrait he was under guard by three armed 
men, making a situation such as 
Mr Heintzelman had never before encoun- 
tered. This portrait is one of his finest, 


Miss Muriel C. Figenbaum, First Assist- 
ant in the Print Department, will sail on 
the lie de France on February tenth for 
France. She has been invited by the au- 
thorities at the Bibliotheque Nationale to 
study and do research at the Cabinet des 
Estampes, vihere she will have the resources 
of this department open to her and the aid 
of its experts. The collection of French 
prints in the Print Department of the 


Boston Public Library will be greatly- 
strengthened in the future and through the 
contacts offered by the Bibliotheque 
Nationale, iJIiss Figenbaum will explore the 
field thoroughly. The background of col- 
lections now in the Boston Public Library 
will be studied, and material for future 
publications and revisions of catalogues 
now incomplete on material in the Albert 
H. Wiggin Collection, 

In -writing to Mr Heintzelman of Miss 
Figenbaum's plans, Monsieur P. A. Lemoisne, 
Conservateiir Honoraire du Cabinet des 
Estampes of the Bibliotheque Nationale 
mentioned that he had "been wishing for a 
long time to establish closer relationship 
between the Print Department in Boston and 
the one in Paris". 

Mss Figenbaum expects to meet a number 
of the artists whose work is represented 
in the Collection, as vrell as the more 
modern artists working in this field. 
I'^fhile in Europe she will also visit other 
major print collections in France and 
England. She will be on leave of absence 
from the Boston Public Library, 


The many friends of Mr Richard Brown, 
who was assistant in the Shipping Depart- 
ment from December 5, I898 to May 31, 19iilj 
will be saddened to learn of his passing 
away on January sixth, after a long period 
of indisposition. 

Richard, or Dick as he was familiarly 
kncwn to us, will be long remembered for 
his quiet, kindly manner, and for the gen- 
erous spirit of helpfulness v;hich made him 
at all times eager and ready to oblige. 

He was on the job early and late, and 
his loyalty to the Library as an institu- 
tion was only exceeded by his devotion to 
the members of the Library staff. They 
were his family in the largest sense of 
the word; and, especially since his re- 
tirement in I9UI, the smallest detail af- 
fecting any one of them was news of great 
importance to him. Indeed, he had just 
two words with which to describe his 
Library friends — the men were all "smart' 
and the women "fine". 

And now as he goes faring on into the 
larger life, we who knew him best can be 

humbly grateful that he carries with him 
such a full measure of warmth and sincere 
appreciation of his Library friends. 


Mr Edward H. Redstone, Supervisor in 
the Reference Division, who had been ill 
for some weeks, passed away on January 
tenth at the Massachusetts Osteopathic 
Hospital in Jamaica Plain. He had been 
State Librarian sines 1919 before coming 
to the Boston Public Library in 1936 as 
Supervisor of Special Reference Depart- 
ments . 

He was a kind, friendly soul with a 
sympathetic ear for all. Those v;ho 
vrorked closely with him know his love of 
people, his geniality, and his quiet 
sense of humor. No library convention 
will seem quite complete without his 
friendly smile and his warm way of greet- 
ing the hundreds of friends he has made 
in library circles over the years. 
Somehovj- he found the time and energy in 
these busy years to remain active in 
church circles and club work as well, and 
to retain active contacts with lawyers, 
newspaper men, business men, legislators, 
and others who continued to turn to him 
for advice and assistance long after he 
had served them as Librarian of the 
Social Law Library and of the Massachu- 
setts State Library. He will be widely 
mourned by all who knew him. 

Mr Redstone was a native of Newfoundland 
v/ho came to Cambridge in his school days. 
His library career was begun at the 
Harvard Law School Library. He had been 
President of the tfessachusetts Library 
Association, President of the National 
Special Libraries Association, Clerk of 
the Business Historical Society, and 
Treasurer of the New England Education 
Society. He had also been active in the 
American Library Association and the 
Association of State Librarians, and had 
held office in church and other organiza- 

The staff extends heartfelt sympathy to 
Mr Redstone's family. Besides 
JIrs Redstone, he leaves tv;o daughters, 
Barbara (Mrs Howard L, Smith), who is on 
the staff of the State Library, and 
Constance (Mrs Charles W. Smyth), who was 
formerly on the staff of the Harvard 
University Library, 

_W_\/_\/_\# _>JL W. ( 



St. Eduardo Ordonez Bremauntz, son of 
the Governor of the state of San Luis 
Potosi, visited South End Branch Library 
to admire the Christmas decorations and 
exhibits. He was very greatly pleased to 
learn of the interest displayed by the 
children of Mexico City in their neighbor 
to the North, and with the reciprocal 
interest in Mexico on the part of the 
South End children. 



Their friends vfere happy to greet form- 
er staff members who returned during the 
holiday season to Central Library and to 
Branch Libraries. Those we know about 
are listed with the department or branch 
library in which they last worked, and 
unless otherwise stated, they visited 
Central Library. 

Miss Laura Gibbs, Chief of History 
Department , Emeritus . 

Miss Edith Guerrier, Supervisor of 
Branch Libraries, Emeritus. 

Mr William C. Maiers, Chief of Book 
Purchasing Department, Emeritus. 

Miss Clara Maxwell, Branch Librarian 
Emeritus, South End Branch Library, vis- 
ited there. 

Mss Marion A. McCarthy, Chief of Book 
Preparation, Emeritus. 

lir William J. Mulloney, Chief of Main 
Reading Room, Emeritus. 

Mrs Mary McElman Corey, Book Prepara- 
tion Department. 

Miss Norma Dalton, Book Stack Service, 
on furlough from the Army. 

Miss Eleanor Devlin, General Reference 
Department, on vacation from University 
of Pennsylvania Library. 

Miss Jean Derby, Records, Files, and 
Statistics Office; now a student at Duke 

Mrs Naomi Dick Dice, Trustees' Office. 
Captain and Mrs Dice are now living in 
Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, but are hoping 
for a transfer to foreign service soon. 

JIrs Pauline Lyon Foster, Brighton 
Branch Library, visited Hyde Park Branch 
Library. The Fosters, with their two 
sons, are now living in Arlington, 

Mr Robert Francis, Connolly Branch Li- 
brary; now a student at the Graymore 
Seminary in Garrison, New York, where he 
is preparing for the priesthood. 

Mrs Gussene Guveyan Hatzik, Cataloging 
and Classification Department, Reference 

Mrs Dorothy Galvin Roper, Business 

Mrs Joseph E. T/hite, Hyde Park Branch 
Library, visited there. Mrs ''Jirhite is now 
living in Richland, Washington. 

Mrs Sally Sensick Murray, Supervisor's 
Office, Reference Division. 


Mr and Mrs Herbert Franklin Green of 
Birmingham, Michigan, have announced the 
birth of a third child, Carolyn Elizabeth, 
on September 30. Mrs Green is the former 
Carrie Chittenden who worked in the Office 
of the Supervisor of Branch Libraries and 
at the Jamaica Plain Branch Library while 
attending Boston University. 



The Special Committee on CARE is happy 
to announce that with the presentation to 
Mr Malcolm Leete of the CARE office by 
Miss Peck of a check for C'lOO the CARE 
donations have topped the ^1000 mark. 
Publicity on the presentation is being 
sent to all the newspapers by the CARE or- 
ganization and we hope to blossom into 
print any one of these days. 

The members are to be congratulated on 
their steadfast supnort of this charity. 
According to the CARE people the Profes- 
sional Staff Association has been out- 
standing among organizations in Greater 
Boston in its support of the CARE program. 
They are very proud of us and we have every 
reason to be proud of ourselves. 

Let us keep up the good showing in the 
year to come. A happy half-century to you 

The Special Committee on CARE 
Eamon McDonough, Chairman 

P.S, We're still over-stocked with pins. 
So, don't be bashful. 

■ ,■ ■ <.*■> ■ ra i ti 

"!:..: .Mr J. 
■r'v- r ' A'-r. 





Mr Lord has represented ALA on two re- 
cent occasions, as follows: 90th Anniver- 
sary Dinner of the Worcester, Massachu- 
setts, Free Public Library on 1 December 
19li9; Luncheon and formal dedication of 
the Treasure Room in the Chenery Library 
at Boston University on 3 December 19U9- 



On Wednesday evening, January l8, 19^0 
at 7:30 there will be a meeting of inter- 
est to college and reference librarians of 
Greater Boston. The meeting vdll be held 
in room 108 of the Boston University Col- 
lege of Liberal Arts. The subject to be 
discussed xvill be "Less known resources in 
the Boston Area and the conditions under 
which they may be used". There viill be a 
panel made up of Mr Hugh Montgomery, 
Harvard University, Chairman, Mr John M. 
Carroll, Boston Public Library, Mr Foster 
Palmer, Harvard University, ¥xs Doris 
Pickard, Emerson College, and Mr Albert 
Roy, Boston University School of Business 

There vras an informal meeting of some of 
the college and reference librarians at 
the Swampscott Regional ALA Convention, at 
which time formal organization and affili- 
ation with some existing organization was 
discussed. It was decided at that time to 
proceed on an informal basis for the pres- 
ent. This is the first meeting since that 
decision was reached, 


In Washington, D. C, on 6th Street, 
N.V/. , No. 1000, is a book shop v/ith the 
name Jean Karr on the door. Many library 
people may be interested to know that Jean 
Karr used to work here in the BPL, employed 
for several years by the American Merchant 
Marine Library Association. We knevx him 
as George Cohen, which, of course, is his 
real name. Y/hen he vrent into the book 
business, on a small scale at first, he 
took the trade-name of Jean Karr. VtTien he 
called on us last Fall, he spoke of his 
ever-growing business and told us he had a 

new book on the press. This is "Zane Grey, 
man of the West". His other biography, 
published in 19U8, is entitled "Grace 
Livingston Hill: her story and her 
writings" . 

George is now a successful business man, 
living in a pleasant subiirban section of 
Washington with his wife and tvra children. 
His son attends college in Miami and is 
planning to study Library Science at 
Columbia after he graduates. 


The decorations planned and put into 
place in the Women's Lounge and the hall- 
way outside the Staff Library for the hol- 
iday season were indeed a credit to the 
Women's House Committee. They are to be 




The Annual Christmas Tea has become a 
tradition. It has withstood the very real 
competition of department parties and has 
won a definite place on the calendar of 
social events for December. 

The tea for 1914-9 was held in the Lounge 
on Wednesday afternoon, December 21, from 
3 to 5 o'clock. The Committee in charge, 
identifiable by Christmas bell name tags, 
welcomed all who came with a cordiality 
and vrarmth that exemplified the true spir- 
it of the season. Under the capable 
chairmanship of Miss Helen Schubarth, 
Auditor, the Committee fianctioned effi- 
ciently and cooperatively. The results 
were satisfactory in every way — the food 
was up to the high standard set at similar 
functions in the past; the decorations 
were unusually effective; and the spirit 
of friendliness and good will was conta- 

Emeritus staff members returned to renew 
old acquaintances — Mrs Dietrichson, Miss 
Guerrier, Mrs Hartzell, Miss Jordan, Mr 
Mulloney, Mr Rosenberg, and Mr Taylor. 
New staff members were initiated into this 
non-business aspect of their life in the 
BPL. Pictures were taken by Mr Francis 
G. Myers. Congratiilations to the Committee I 




On Friday evening, January 6, the 
BPLPSA sponsored a theatre party at the 
Colonial Theatre. The gay, whimsical 
"Brigadoon" was the happy choice of the 
Entertainment Committee. 

This musical fantasy about the two 
Americans vj-ho find themselves in the en- 
chanted Scottish town of Brigadoon, has 
enjoyed a long run and is one of the most 
popiilar shows of the last several seasons. 

We feel sure that the seventy-five mem- 
bers who represented the Branch Libraries 
and the Central Library Departments would 
heartily endorse another venture of this 
type sometime in the near future, 


An invitation to join in an evening of 
good fellowship, in all the best tradi- 
tions of the two holidays — Christmas 
and Hannukah, had been extended to the 
more than one himdred and fifty guests 
who assembled at the West End Branch Li- 
brary on Thursday, December 15, for what 
has become by now a traditional expres- 
sion of hospitality and good will. The 
evening was informal, but yet appropriate 
in the paying of tribute to the two holi- 
days of the Christian and Jewish faiths, 
v/hich have become symbols of hope, free- 
dom, and peace. 

Miss Fanny Goldstein, Branch Librarian, 
was both a gracious hostess and an expert 
mistress of ceremonies. To set the mood 
for the evening, the Staff, ivlth Miss 
Dorothea Blue, Miss Mldred Kravitz, and 
IfTs Ernest Roussos as soloists, sang the 
traditional Christmas carols and Hannukah 
songs. Mr Lawrence E. Keck of the First 
Methodist Church delivered the Christmas 
message. lir Bernard Radin ushered in the 
religious portion of the program by bles- 
sing the Hannukah candles and lighting 
the first taper. Then Rabbi Abraham J. 
Klausner, spiritual leader of Temple 
Israel, Boston, talked movingly and with 
deep insight into the meaning of both 
holidays, and ended his talk on a high 
note of hope. 

There were many distinguished names 
from all walks of life among the guests 
that evening, but none had a more direct 

connection with a towering literary figure 
of the past than Professor Henry Wadsworth 
Longfellow Dana, who read his grandfather's 
poem on Christmas with great feeling. 
Mr Milton E. Lord, Director of the Boston 
Public Library and President of the Ameri- 
can Library Association, extended his 
greetings and best wishes for the holiday 
season to the company, and also said a few 
words about his recent trip to Palestine 
which was one of the stops on his round 
the world trip on the Town Meeting of the 
Air Program. 

The limitations of time did not allow 
for each one of the guests to be called on 
individually. However, Mr Francis B. 
Masterson and Mr Frank W. Buston, of the 
Board of Trustees of the Boston Public 
Library, extended the best wishes of the 
season. Dr Nathaniel W. Faxon, retired 
Director of the Massachusetts General 
Hospital also spoke briefly. After a 
closing song, refreshments vrere served and 
in their originality and quality both 
sharpened and satisfied the appetites of 
the guests. 

No account of this delightful evening 
would be complete vn.thout saying a word 
about the beautiful picture of warmth and 
cheer that the Branch Library presented in 
its physical aspects. Everything sparkled 
and gleamed. Flowers in profusion decor- 
ated the desks and the beautifully appoint- 
ed tables. To honor Hannukah, an electri- 
fied lighted floor Menorah was placed in 
the foreground of the room. In the center 
aisle a Christmas scene of a Madonna and 
angels garlanded with greens and flood- 
lighted in blue v/as the center of attrac- 
tion. Along the walls was an exhibition 
of Christmas in art, as well as posters 
made by members of the West End Branch 
Library family. 

To merely say that the party v/as a suc- 
cess is to be modest. All the guests were 
loud and sincere in their praise. Kind 
fate Trilling, the Librarian and the Staff 
hope for a repeat performance in 1950. 


The Library's bookmobile is expected here 
in Boston this week and we hope to have it 
displayed in some prominent spot in the 
City. Later in the month it is to make 
trips to the various locations on its 

-r* • V. -. 




For 22 part-time workers and 22 full- 
time workers twenty-two \vas an unlucky- 
number last month. Sometime after 10 p.m. 
on the evening of December 22, three un- 
identified men gained entrance to the 
Central Library building, tied and blind- 
folded the Watcbjnan on duty, and made off 
with the small safe that had been in Book 
Stack Service. The safe, although in- 
tended for the deposit of small sums of 
fine money, that evening contained the 
salaries of some UU individuals whose 
money had been collected for them earlier 
in the day while they were absent on time 
allowed for Christmas shopping. All of 
this money, plus a small sum of fine 
money, was missing from the safe when 
police recovered it from the Dedham sec- 
tion of the Charles River a few days 
later. The door had been blown off to 
gain access to the contents of the safe. 
Police are still actively engaged in the 
work of tracing down the guilty ones. 

In a notice sent out shortly after the 
robbery the Director offered the deep 
sympathy of the Library to the individu- 
als concerned and gave assurance that 
every effort will be bent to make up for 
the loss incurred. 


Miss Nina Eliza Brovme visited the 
Book Selection Deoartnent on January 9 
with a few items which she offered as 
gifts to the Library's collections. In 
the days when !Ir Chevalier w?.s Chief of 
the Catalogue Department, Mir.3 Browne 
was often at work there on &|«cial as- 
signments. Many of the piorrars in the 
library field vfere her personal friends. 
Her eyesight failing, she learned Braille 
when she was past middle age so that she 
is able to read with ease and enjoyment. 


Mr Arthur J. Parsons, Jr., Librarian of 
the Brockton Public Library^ was the guest 
of honor at a luncheon of the Greater 
Boston Book Review club, at The Pioneer, 
January 11, 1950. Follovrlng the luncheon 
Mr John Kelley, Librarian of the 
Somerville Public Library and President 

of the Massachusetts Library Association, 
made a presentation to Mr Parsons on be- 
half of members of the Greater Boston Book 
Review Club. • 

Mr Parsons, who has been associated with 
the Brockton Public Library for several 
years, has been an active member of the 
GBBRC since the days when he T:as Librarian 
at Svrampscott. His association with this 
group, as well as his work with the MLA, 
has been a real contribution to library 
service in New England. 

On January 31, 19^0 he terminates his 
services with Brockton. He has accepted 
the position as City Librarian at Omaha, 
Nebraska. He will be greatly missed in 
New England library circles. Our best 
wishes go v.ith Mr Parsons and his family 
as they take up their residence in Omaha. 
There is country dancing even in Omaha 1 
So, Mr and Mrs Parsons should have no dif- 
ficulties in finding kindred spirits in 
that far-off land. 



On January 2I4, 19l;9, when the present 
officers were notified of their election, 
January 20, 1950, the next election date 
seemed very far off. That was entirely an 
imaginary illusion. There has been prac- 
tically no time at all betv.'een the two 
dates. So swiftly has the tine gone that 
it seems impossible that vie shall be say- 
ing farewell with this issue cf The 
Ques ti on Mark . A review of the year's 
vrork -.'d.ll be given at the anovi?.]- business 
meeting on January 20 and will be ii'/^l'.ided 
in the February issue of Trie Qixestion j.iark. 
At this time I would like to express on 
behalf of the Executive Board, the offi- 
cers^ tne chairmen of Committees and 
myself, our sincere thanks for the splen- 
did cooperation given throughout the past 
year. Whatever has been accomplished dur- 
ing the year has been due entirely to the 
untiring effoi-ts of individual members who 
have given vjithout measure of their time 
and talents. Yiithout thi.s individual ef- 
fort no organization can hope to survive. 
We ask, on behalf of the incoming officers, 
your continuing support. May next year 
see even bigger and better accomplishments 
for the Association, 


The following letters received by the 
President from the Director need no ampli- 

6 December 1914.9 

Dear Miss Peck: 

I wish to express on behalf 
of Mrs Lord and myself, and Peter, our 
great pleasure in the fine reception which 
was tendered last Friday evening by the 
Boston Public Librat-y Professional Staff 
Association and friends. Such an experi- 
ence is a heart-vrarming one, and I appre- 
ciated it deeply. 

Many thanks indeed! 

Yours sincerely, 

(signed) MILTON E. LORD 


Miss Edna G. Peck 
President, Boston Public Library 
Professional Staff Association 
Boston Public Library 
Boston 17, Massachusetts 

27 December 19ii9 

Dear Miss Peck: 

I wish to express my appre- 
ciation of the friendly good virishes ex- 
pressed to me in my new capacity as 
President of the American Library Associa- 
tion as revealed in the current December 
19U9 issue of The Question Mark . I am 
greatly pleased to have this expression of 
good will. 

Yours sincerely, 

(signed) MILTON E. LORD 


Miss Edna G. Peck 


Boston Public Library 

Professional Staff Association 


Our congratulations to Ivir Bradford Hill, 
Editor of the SORT bulletin, upon the 
first issue of the bulletin under his edi- 
torship. A very creditable job, Mr Hill, 

As the next logical sequence in the plans 
for the erection of a war memorial, three 
representatives of the BPLPSA have accepted 
assignments to a joint committee* A letter 
has been forwarded to Miss Fannj'- Goldstein, 
President of the Benefit Association; and 
to Mr Leonard Macmillan, Commander of the 
Arnavets. A copy of the letter follows: 

December 29, 19li9 

Miss Fanny Goldstein, President 
Boston Public Library Employees ' 
Benefit Association. 

Dear Miss Goldstein: 

Three members of the 
Boston Public Library Professional Staff 
Association have been chosen to represent 
that- organization on the committee to set 
up plans for a memorial to the Boston 
Public Library staff members who served 
in World War II. No one vias asked to 
serve as chairman since it was thought 
that the chairman should be selected from 
the joint committee, chosen to represent 
the three major staff organizations, The 
Benefit Association, The Arnavets, and the 
Professional Staff Association. 

The Boston Public Li- 
brary Professional Staff Association rep- 
resentatives are: Joseph O'Neil, Periodi- 
cal Department; Robert Roper, Science and 
Teclinology Department; and Louis Polishook, 
Patent Room. As soon as your organization 
has chosen its representatives, these men 
are ready to start work on the plans for 
the memorial. 

Very truly yours, 

(signed) EDNA G. PECK 


A copy of the reply from the Secretary 
of the Boston Public Library Employees' 
Benefit Association, Incorporated follows: 

January 11, 19^0 

Miss Edna G. Peck, President 
Boston Public Library 
Professional Staff Association 

Dear Miss Peck: 

At their January meeting 
the Boston Public Library Employees ' 
Benefit Association, Incorporated selected 
three members to serve as their part of 
the joint committee made up of members 
from the three organizations. 

The Boston Public Library 
Employees' Benefit Association, Incorpor- 
ated representatives are Mrs Sarah 
Flannery, History Department; Mr James 
P. Mooers, Binding Department; and Mr 
Martin Murphy, Buildings Department. 

Sincerely yours, 

(signed) MARY D. FARRELL 

Copy to: Leonard J. Macmillan 


The annual business meeting of the 
Association will be held in the Lecture 
Hall on Friday morning, January 20, at 
nine o'clock. It is hoped that every 
member who can possibly do so will be 
present since there are several vital 
matters to come before the meeting. One 
such matter is the election of officers. 
To take care of the voting procedures an 
elections committee has been appointed. 
The committee is as follows: 

Miss Mary O'G. Cahill, Miss Helen 
Colgan, Miss Elinor Day, Miss Mary Doyle, 
Miss Martha Herman, Mrs Bertha Keswick, 
Mrs Santa Koster, Mrs Beverly Lambert, 
Mr Paul Moynihan, Miss Dorothy Shaw, 
Chairman. This committee will prepare 
and distribute the ballots, "cover" the 
voting booth which will be open from 
9 a.m. to 2 p.m. and count the ballots. 
Provisions are made Y^hereby every member 
of the Association may vote. You are 
urged to avail yourself of this opportu- 
nity. This is one time where every member 

plays a vital role. You have a job to do 
and no one can do it for you. For whom 
you vote is not nearly so important as 
the fact that you do vote. The first and 
best v;ay is to come to the Business Meet- 
ing and cast your vote in person. If this 
is absolutely impossible, then plan to ob- 
tain an absentee ballot — and use it I 
Despite the fact that this absentee bal- 
loting seems relatively simple many bal- 
lots had to be discarded last year because 
the procedure was not correctly followed. 
In one instance all the ballots from one 
branch library were invalidated because 
all the ballots were put into one envel- 
ope with no record of the individuals 
voting. The process is so simple it hard- 
ly seems necessary to review it. Remember 
voting is an individual not a group pro- 
cedure. If you cannot attend the meeting 
on January 20 you send to the Recording 
Secretary, Miss Mary J. Brady, Cataloging 
and Classification Department, Reference 
Division, for an absentee ballot. Armed 
with this ballot, an open mind, a sharp 
pencil or unleaking pen, and two plain 
envelopes, you seek a sheltered spot. 
Then, after due meditation, you check the 
candidates of your choice. Fold the bal- 
lot. Place it in one of the unwritten- 
upon envelopes. Seal the envelope. 
Place that sealed envelope in the other 
envelope. Now address this envelope to 
the Recording Secretary (address given 
above) and in the upper left-hand corner 
place your name and branch library or 
department. Put away your pen or pencil. 
Brush the doubts from your mind, — and 
finally see that y our ballot, enclosed in 
plain envelope which in turn is enclosed 
in addressed envelope reaches I"Iiss Brady 
before 5 P-m-. on January 19. To be sure 
your vote is counted, send it individually 
rather than as one of a group from the 
branch library or department. Often one 
error will disqualify the whole group, 
whereas if each ballot comes individually, 
and there is an error (which there won't 
be J) only that one ballot is invalidated. 
See how simple it is. I bet you a piece 
of seven-layer cake that everyone gets it 
right this year. No discards whatsoever. 
Your error might put into office someone 
vihom you do not think especially qualified 
for the position. So you better watch out. 
You are important. Your vote counts. 



Among other matters to be discussed at j 
the meeting, there will be certain prob- \ 
lems which have arisen concerning the ■ 
concession. I.'Ir Aaron Starr, Chairman of 
the Concessions Committee, will tell us 
how plans are progressing. He will also 
ask for further instructions from the 
Association regarding the general plan of 
operation. The major problem at the mo- 
ment seems to be: Shall Mr Starr be in- 
structed to negotiate for the installa- 
tion of a service whereby all profits, 
including those from the soft drink 
machines, over and above the normal prof- 
its due the concessionaire, should revert 
to the individual users of the concession 
in the form of reduced prices or should 
the prices be on a par with those on the 
outside and the profits from the soft 
drink machines revert to the Association? 
There are many angles to this problem. 
This is but a bare statement of the two 
horns of the dilemma. Please come pre- 
pared to give your views potently but 

The recent losses sustained by staff 
members vihen one of the library safes was 
stolen, will come up for discussion. 


Sorry the anticipated Country Dance 
scheduled for Friday, January 13, had to 
be cancelled due to the fact that no 
caller was available for that evening. 

Are you going to the ¥Lk Midvanter 

Miss Louise B. Day, Vice President of 
the MLA and Program Chairman, reports 
that a meeting of real interest has been 
prepared for midwinter MLA to be held at 
the Copley Plaza Hotel, Boston on 
Thursday, February 9, 1950, This gives 
the BPL staff an excellent opportunity to 
participate in the state meeting v;ith 
very little effort. The morning meetings 
are of sufficient variety to be of prac- 
tical aid in almost every phase of library 
work. The afternoon meeting should in- 
terest all 7<-ho are alert to modern trends 
in book reviewing. 

Lest the mind be overstimulated and the 
poor body neglected, there is the excel- 
lent luncheon, with speaker, for only 

$2,00. Surely mere man could not ask fop 
more. Let's show the MLA that Boston is 
alive, both mentally and gastronomically. 


The BPLPSA was represented officially 
at the funeral of the late Mr Redstone 
by the President, Miss Edna G. Peck, the 
Vice President, Mr Frank Bruno, and two 
lay members, Mrs Grace B. Loughlin and 
Miss A. Frances Rogers. 

As previously voted the outgoing Pro- 
gram and Entertainment Committees will 
take care of the February meeting of the 
Association, Heretofore, with the annual 
Business Meeting and election of new of- 
ficers coming late in January, it has 
been very difficult to complete committee 
organisation in time to adequately prepare 
for a February meeting. In accordance 
with this vote, ¥xs Altman, Chairman of 
the present Program Committee has secured 
Mr Joseph Dineen, author and journalist, 
as a guest speaker for February 17, 1950. 
This meeting will be followed by a recep- 
tion for the nev/ officers. Details later . 


The Benefit Association has announced a 
Valentine Dance and T.Tiist Party to be 
held Saturday Evening, February 11, 19^0, 
in the Lecture Hall of the Central Li- 
brary, Further details will be announced 




On December 13 Miss Alice Marie Buckley 
left her position as Children's Librarian 
at Allston Branch Library, and on 
December 31 severed her connections with 
the Boston Public Library to become 
School Librarian at the East Boston High 
School. In honor of the occasion, the 
Staff of the Allston Branch Library gave 
a luncheon at the Town House and presented 
her with a travelling kit, since Miss 
Buckley plans to go to Europe this summer. 

. i .j:-: ;;-'"?: {iiry: 



Miss Buckley v,'ill be missed by the 
Staff and by Library patrons, as she was 
popular with both children and parents, 


The Junior Book Reviewers, reading club 
for junior high school girls, presented a 
Christmas play on Thursday evening, 
December 22, to which their friends were 
invited. After the play, refreshments 
were served by the girls to their guests, 
and everyone joined in the carol singing. 

The staff of Connolly Branch Library 
had its annual Christmas party on Friday, 
December 23. Miss Edna G. Peck was our 
guest on that occasion. Delicious food, 
carol singing, and a grab bag of gifts 
made it a very pleasant celebration. 

East Boston 

A particularly pleasant kind of story 
hour was conducted for several classes of 
children who visited the library the vreek 
before Christmas. Following the stories 
in the hall, the children were invited to 
spend half an hour in the Children's Room 
where there vrere many displays of new 
books and of Christmas books placed in- 
vitingly around the room and on the 
tables. A cheerful fire burning quietly 
in the fireplace attracted many who chose 
a good book, found a place in the ring of 
chairs that was draiim up beside the 
hearth, and read with absorption during 
the entire period. Others roamed freely 
about the room, exploring and selecting 
books to be taken home at a later date. 
Those who were vague about the status of 
their library cards had an opportunity to 
check at the registration desk. 

There were many satisfactions involved 
in these story hours — both for the 
children and for the library staff. It 
is to be hoped that they can be repeated 
in future years. 

The annual Christmas story hour that 
has become a tradition vras held the 
Saturday before Christmas vacation, at 
the end of the Children's Room around the 
big fireplace where a cheerful fire 
burned on the hearth. There were two 
stories told to the more than ninety as- 
sembled children — Ruth Sav/yer's merry 
"Schnitzle, Schnotzle und Schnootzle" and 

Howard Pyle's "How The Good Gifts Were 
Used By Two". An eighth grade girl sang 
the traditional "Twelve Days of Christmas", 
Some new Christmas books were introduced. 
And then came the highlight of this story 
hour — the feature looked forward to each 
year. Pencils and paper were passed 
around and a few quiet moments followed 
as each child vn^ote dov^n a Christmas wish. 
Then, softly singing "Silent Night", the 
children filed past the fireplace where 
the fire had burned down to bright coals. 
Each tossed his wish onto the coals vi^here 
it gloiired for a second and was gone in a 
puff of smoke up the chimney and out into 
the air. 

This was a solemnly happy little cere- 
mony, for vfhile the wishes were all secret 
and some of them highly personal, we all 
shared for the time being a wish for 
"Peace on Earth Good !Yill to Men", and 
for Christmas happiness for Children 
everywhere , 


The Branch Staff Christmas Party was a 
successful and festive affair. Lobster 
was the main attraction on the menu; the 
decorations were appropriate to the oc- 
casionj and the usual exchange of Christ- 
mas gifts added its touch. 

The Fourth Annual National Photographic 
Awards, a collection of photographs by 
high school students of the country, was 
on display for three weeks. This exhibit 
attracted the attention of young and old 
and proved as popular as the two previous 
ones which had been shown at the branch 

Phillips Brooks 

On January 9, the first anniversary of 
LIBRARY, a large gathering of members met 
to present their branch ] ibrary with an 
Ampro moving picture projector. After 
acceptance by the Branch Librarian, Miss 
Virginia Haviland, the Secretary read 
communications from the Director and from 
the Trustees, Mrs Muriel Javelin also 
expressed appreciation for what the pro- 
jector would mean in a wider use of films 
in the Library, As a surprise, a second 
gift — a recordplayer, equipped with 


automatic record changer and three play- 
ing speeds — was made by the "Friends". 
The new film THOMS JEFFERSON was shown 
at the conclusion of presentation cere- 

These gifts represent the cooperation 
and voluntary contributions of a great 
many "Friends" who began in the spring to 
build a fund for the purchase of a pro- 
jector. They come from the efforts of 
"Young Friends," as well, and those of 
the Great Books Discussion Group. 

The possession of the projector will 
make possible a broader and more easily 
organized film program at this library, 
with occasional evenings planned especial- 
ly for high school groups and more fre- 
quent (and earlier) programs for young 
children. A February evening of films 
about Italy has been planned to meet the 
interest of a large Italian group. 

The recordplayer will be used for music 
appreciation hours and in special ways in 
connection with film programs, story 
hours, and puppet plays, as vrell as for 
small group listening. 

A second venture in puppetry was the 
production of "Hansel arid Gretel" by mem- 
bers of the Saturday morning Great Books 
Club. One performance was given before 
Christmas and a repeat performance in 
vacation vreek for the pre-school story 
hour group (with their mothers) and a 
nearby nursery school. 

South Boston 

The generous additional allowance of 
shopping time changed the Christmas party 
into a gala Nev/ Year's luncheon held 
Friday, December 30, at high noon. Color- 
ful hats and streamers which gave atmos- 
phere to the party were later made use of 
in an exhibit called "Plan a Party". The 
menu — luscious lobster newburg, fresh 
garden salad, and strav;berry chiffon pie, 
though highly caloric, vras greatly en- 
joyed by all. 

South End 

South End Branch has again been honored 
by its very good friend Mr Joseph 
Kharibian with a most beautiful Christmas 
display. Joe's (he will always be just 
Joe Kharibian to us) masterpiece this 
year is most ambitious. It is a sizable 

sleigh dravm by two reindeer^ with Rudolph 
in the lead, all made of styrofoam, on a 
base of the same material. In the sleigh 
are two Christmas trees, ornament laden, 
of course, our good friend Santa 
standing beside the sleigh. The whole 
piece is further decorated vfith long-need]e 
pine, pointsettias, giant sequoia cones, 
small cones and flov;ers made from cones. 
In the front is an enormous red ribbon 
bow, paint dusted for shade effects. The 
background of the decor is of Viihite birch, 
beautifully spangled. 

The description is most inadequate; it 
requires more superlatives than have been 
used here. Perhaps some of the comments 
on it are more enlightening. "I guess this 
is about the best dressed library in town'." 
"That is a real work of art I" "Simply out 
of this world! " "llfhy don't the papers 
take a picture of it?" 

So, to Joe Kharibian, who is thanking 
the library in this beautiful manner for 
what it m.eant to him in childhood, go our 
heartfelt thanks, with the knowledge that 
he is brightening the drab outlook for 
many South Enders, 


We have also been given again the oppor- 
tunity to borrow from the Ilisses Grace and 
lilarie Turner some of their very choice 
collection of dolls. The exhibit this 
time is of dolls from far and near, of 
various and unusual materials; wood, straw, 
fiber, paper, bone, pine cones, shells, 
gourds, corn husks, corn stalks, yarn, and 
rubber. One of the most interesting is 
from Indonesia, a rubber boat, partly 
covered, with six men equipped \Tith pad- 
dles, and facing them the Indonesian equiv- 
alent of a coxwain. Are they on the way 
to pick up a VIP? Or perhaps they are 
simply going to trade? Does the tub hold 
cocoanut wine, or is it simply bait for 
fish? Another conversation group in the 
collection is a Chinese wedding party, 
complete Vidth musicians, lantern carriers, 
the bride in her red brocaded chair on the 
shoulders of eight bearers. 

The dolls fascinate and delight old and 
young, and the staff as well as the public. 
For the pleasure you have given us and for 
your kindness in sharing your treasures 
with us, we thank you. Miss Grace and Miss 
Marie Turner, 


From the Benjamin Franklin Library in | 
Mexico City, through Miss Eva Anttonen, ! 
the Children's Room at South End received 
Christmas cards made by their little | 
friends of the Sala Infantil. The cards 
were exhibited in the Children's Room, 
and were greatly admired by the young fry. 

West End 

Colored posters showing the great im- 
provement in opportunities for children 
are on display in the Children's Room. 
Conditions prevalent about 1910 as por- 
trayed by photographs taken by the late 
Lewis Hine, under the auspices of the 
Russell Sage Foundation, and present-day 
improvements shovm in photographs by 
Ernst Halberstadt, the Boston artist, are 
the basis for comparison. 


The T/est End Branch Library with its 
special Judaica collection in uniquely 
equipped to provide material for Jewish 
Music I'^onth which is celebrated this year 
from February 5 through March 5- 

Arrangements are now being made for a 
comprehensive exhibit of the various 
aspects of Jewish music. It is hoped 
that scores, examples of liturgical music, 
both ancient and modern, as v/ell as por- 
traits and books on Jewish music and 
musicians, will be on display. 


A special program for Negro History 
YJeek highlighting the important contri- 
bution of Negroes to the American way of 
life will be offered, details of which 
viill be announced later. 

In the Children's Room, Negro History 
Week v/ill be interpreted in a broad sense 
to emphasize once again the importance of 
the brotherhood of races. Displays vdll 
be arranged, using books and pictures to 
show the life of children in other lands. 
Various commonplace happenings in the 
daily life of every race and nationality 
will be pictured for comparison, in order 
to emphasize the community of experience 
and interest between the children of our 
own country and those even in "Darkest 
Africa", Attention vri.ll be called to 
this exhibit through visits to the 
schools and invitations to the teachers 
and parents of the district. 


Ashton, Helen 

Parson Austen's daughter 

New York, Dodd, Mead, 19h9 
Carroll, Gladys H. 

West of the hill 

New York, Macmillan, 19h9 
Feikema, Feike 

The primitive 

New York, Double day, 19U9 
Fineman, Irving 


New York, Harper, 19li9 
Graves, Robert 

The Islands of Unwisdom 

New York, Doubleday, 19ii9 
Mason, F. Van Wyck 

Dardanelles derelict 

New York, Doubleday, 19U9 
Myers, John M. 


New York, Dutton, 19149 
Nathan, Robert 

The river journey 

New York, Knopf, 19U9 
Terrot, Charles 

The passionate pilgrim 

New York, Harper, 19U9 
Thirkell, Angela 

The old bank house 

New York, Knopf, 19U9 


Cooperative Committee on Library Building 

Planning the university library building; 

a summary of discussions by librarians, 

architects, and engineers 

Princeton, Princeton Univ. Press, 19h9 
The best plays of 19h8-19h9 

New York, Dodd, Mead, 19U9 
Costain, Thomas B. 

The conquerors 

New York, Doubleday, 19U9 
Downs, Robert B. 

Resources of Nev^r York city libraries, a 

survey of facilities for advanced study 

and research 

Chicago, ALA, 19U2 
Garceau, Oliver 

The public library in the political 

process; a report of the Public Library 


New York, Columbia Univ. Press, 19l;9 


Hudson, William H. 

The best of W. H. Hudson 

New York, Button, 19U9 
Maugham, YI. Somerset 


New York, Doubleday, 19h9 
Maugham, W. Somerset 

Writer's notebook 

New York, Doubleday, 19h9 
Overstreet, Harry A. 

The mature mind 

New York, Norton, 19U9 
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. 

M.I.T. library annual, 19U8 

Cambridge, The Institute, 19U9 
Wilson, Louis R. 

Report of a survey of the libraries of 

Cornell University 

Ithaca, Cornell Univ. Press, 19U8 

Any book or periodical in the Staff 
Library may be reserved by any member of 
the staff by notifying the Personnel Of- 
fice of the book or periodical wanted. 
Staff members employed in a unit located 
outside the Central Library building are 
requested to use Form No. Ik^ on which to 
request that a book be reserved and to 
send this request directly to the 
Personnel Office, 



The questions on certification which 
appeared in the Soap Box for December 
19h9 vrere commented upon by the Director 
at the Officers ' Meeting held on December 
15 J 19U9. The ansvifers given below are 
based on those comments, and are provided 
by the two members of the Publications 
Committee vfho attended that meeting. 

1. Is it advisable for Boston Public 
Library staff members to apply for 
State Certification? 

Answer ; Yes. 

2. Is a State Certificate of value 
only to those who plan to seek li- 
brary employment outside of the 
Boston Public Library? 

Answer ; Not necessarily. 

3. What value does the certificate have 
to justify its fee? 
Answer ; Its ultimate value will 

depend upon future legis- 
lation and developments 
in the profession of li- 
iii Will a State Certificate of Librar- 
ianship be a prerequisite in the 
Boston Public Library for appoint- 
ment or promotion in the future? 
Answer: Not khown at the present 

5. Why is the position held on August 
19U8 considered the basis for appli- 

Answer ; August lU, 19i;8 is the 
date on which AN ACT 
became effective. 

6. Why is July 1950 the deadline for 
applying without examination? 

Answer: August Ih, 1950 is the 
deadline for making ap- 
plication for a certifi- 
cate on the basis of posi- 
tion held on August lU, 
I9I1.8, because Section 31 
of the Act so states; 
"Any person who, upon the 
effective date of this . 
act, is employed in a po- 
sition defined as that of 
professional librarian or 
subprofessional librarian 
in section twenty-four, 
shall be granted a certi- 
ficate as a professional 
or subprofessional librar- 
ian, if he makes applica- 
tion within two years 
after such effective date." 

From the presentation made at the Offi- 
cers' Meeting, it would seem that if a 
person is eligible for certification on 
the basis of library school graduation, it ■ 
is preferable to apply on that basis rather 
than on the basis of position held. How- 
ever, the wise thing to do is to apply now 
under one of the bases offered, inasmuch 
as developments in the library field in 
the future are unpredictable and it is 
well to "have as many eggs in one's basketi' 
as possible. It was pointed out that when 

I ; 


a law provides an opportunity for "blank- | 
eting in" those already employed^ it is 
well to take advantage of that provision. 

Dear Soap Box Editor, 

Could any arrangements be made to have 
the Staff Library open on Saturdays from 
nine to five, or for that matter, after 
five o'clock on week days? 

There are several responsible staff mem- 
bers working those hours who could be en- 
trusted with the care of locking up the 
Staff Library. I know of many employees 
who would certainly appreciate this con- 


To the Soap Box: 

Comment on the Lack of Lighting 
in the Annexes 

We wander around in perpetual night 
And we pray that the Lord vfill say: 

"Let there be light J" 

Miss Sheila Pierce 
Book Stack Service 

To the Soap Box: 

Just wondering how many staff members 
made this New Year's resolution. 

Resolved that I will stop "short timing" 
the taxpayers of the City of Boston by 
limiting ray relief periods to 10 and l5 


To the Soap Box: 

The reassuring statement issued by the 
Director on the day following the safe 
robbery gave hope to the many employees 
who were so tragically affected that some 
means would be found to reimburse them for 
their losses. Time has not diminished 

this expectation^ especially at a season 
of the year \/hen such financial loss is 
felt most acutely, particularly by the 
needier members of the staff* 

Although three vreeks have elapsed since 
the incident, no further reassurance has 
yet been forthcoming, and rumors have been 
rife concerning the possibility of a 
library-wide collection to be taken up, in 
lieu of further official library action on 
their behalf. Hov^ever generously inspired, 
such a suggestion must seem repugnant to 
many, if not all, of those who would be 
the objects of such well-meant charity, 
granted the unlikely possibility that so 
large a sum could thus be raised. Cer- 
tainly it is inconceivable that the Li- 
brary Administration would permit any such 
shifting of responsibility from vihere it 
rightly belongs to the shoulders of the 

Pay procedure as now carried out is, and 
has been, fraught viith hazards. Although 
hindsight is always clearer than foresight, 
it is pertinent to point out that this 
procedure was not set up by the employees 
but by the Library, in lieu of paying by 
check or allovrLng individuals not on duty 
when the paymaster arrives to collect their 
pay at City Hall on library time. The 
practice of depositing the pay envelopes 
of absent employees in the Library safes 
Yras, therefore, dictated by the procedure 
now followed, and in retrospect it is 
clear that insurance covering the contents 
of the safes should have been carried by - 
the Library, in view of the risks involved. 
Technically, when a properly authorized 
individual signs for and collects a fellow 
employee's pay, that employee is considered 
legally paid, whatever may intervene be- 
fore he has an opportunity to actually re- 
ceive it. For this reason the likelihood 
of reimbursement from City fxinds is per- 
haps slight. 

However, in view of the extraordinary 
nature of this deplorable incident and its 
serious effect on the vrelfare and morale 
of the employees concerned, it is to be 
hoped that full consideration will be given 
to the possibility of reimbursing these 
individuals at- the earliest opportunity 
from the income of the Library's own trust 
funds. A cursory glance at the list of 
these (19U8 Statistical Report) reveals 
various designated and undesignated be- 
quests v;hich conceivably might be drawn 
upon for this purpose. 

.1 •■ -4 


1. Alfred Heraenway Fund $5,000.00 

2. Louis Kirstein Fund "to be 

used for any purpose of 

the Library that the 

Trustees see fit to put 

it to" 5,000.00 

3. George VL Moore Fund "for 

general purposes" 217.00 

h. Gardner 0. North Fund 2,000.00 

5. Pierce Fund 5,012.90 

6. Sigilman Fund... 18,788.31 

7. Skinner Fund *.... 5l,732.lU 

8. Treadvrell Fiuid "...income 

of which is to be expended 

by said Trustees in such 

manner as they may deem 

for the best interests of 

the Library" 13,987.69 

9. V/hitney Funds "said income 

to be paid to such employ- 
ees of the said Library 
who are sick and in need 
of help" 5,000.00 

To the Soap Box: 

Is any hope of reimbursement being 
extended to those who lost their sala- 
ries when the safe was stolen? In the 
past it has been possible to pay sala- 
ries from income from trust funds. 
Couldn't that same practice be followed 
now and reimbursement made from these 
same funds, on the installment plan, as 
interest and dividends become available? 


-j}^;—;;— ;(_;;_;f_^_;j_;j_^ 


Announcement has been made of the en- 
gagement of Miss Marion H. Dowling, Fine 
Arts Department, to Mr V/illiam A. 
MacYiTilliam of Dedham, 


Massachusetts Library Association 

To All Massachusetts Librarians: 

The Midwinter Meeting of the Massachusetts Library Association will be held 
on THURSDAY, F3BIIUA1Y 9, 19l?0, at the Copley Plaza Hotel, Boston. 

Please spread the news to all on your staff. 


10 - 11:30 T/orkshops on Library Problems and Techniques. 

Please send your questions and suggestions for discussion 
to the leaders listed below: 

1. Circulation Problems: Judith E, Stromdahl, Librarian, 

Vfeston Public Library 

2. Reference T^roblems in College and Public Libraries: 

John A, Humphry, Librarian, Springfield City 

Library Association 
Ruth K. Porritt, Librarian, Radcliffe College 

3. Music in the Public Library: Tarjorie B, Holman 

llucic Librarian, Quincy 

li. The Round Table of Children's Librarians ',vill ^resent 
a panel discussion on "Cooanunity lielations": 

N, Dorothy ohumaker, Norwood; Hester Titchell, 
Everettj I'rs. Joan Evans, i'edford; and others. 

11:30 - 12 Business Meeting 

12:30 Luncheon (cost per person - ^j2.00) 

Speaker: Dr. Joseph S. G. Bolton of Skidmore 
"Literary Experiences of the Past Summer in England" 

2:30 Orville Prescott, Daily Book Critic for the New York 
Times and Fiction Reviewer for the Yale Review: 
"Fashions in Books" 

Individual notices will be sent to members at a later date. It will be nec- 
essary to make luncheon reservations in advance. ■.Then the time comes, we suggest 
libraries plan to send in these reservations by staff groups accompanied by one 

Your program committee has tri^d to plan a vforth-while meeting for everyone. 
Yfe hope your library staff will be well rapr2sented. 

Please direct any inquiries and send all reservations to Louise 3. Day, 
Vice-President i:. L. A., Lynn Public Library, Lynn, Llassachusetts. 

D) \\/< 

N71 /A\ Lr^ 1.-:^ Vr 




■^v- " 

'\ \\ ^^ "? 

-^.^-^ hc-^y ■:-■('{ \>A 




Published by the Boston Public Library Professional Staff Association 
Volume V, Number 2 February 19$0 

Publications Committee: Mildred R. Adelson, John M. Carroll, Eleanor DiGiannantonio, 

M. Dorothy Brackett Ekstrom, Sarah M. Usher, Chairman 

Publication date ; 
The fifteenth of e?.ch month 

Deadline for submittinp; material: 

The tenth of each month 


Those with keen memories vfill recognize 
that this column in the last issue of The 
Question Mar k, in which the Publications 
Committee made its fond farevirells, was 
headed just as this column is - 
"GRATEFULLY YOTJRS''. If you look at the 
mast head you will note that it is also 
unchanged since you will find there the 
names of the same individuals who were 
listed there before. Yes, the chairman 
has been reappointed^ the committee has 
accepted a second term. 

We are grateful for vfhat has transpired 
and we are grateful for the opportunity 
to serve you all once again. 

With this issue of The Question If ark, 
we share 3''ou one new polio/ • There 
has always been some question about fre- 
quency of issue and an editorial policy. 
Beginning with the next issue we will try to 
live up to the follovfing criteria of edi- 
torial policy. 

1. There should be an editorial in 

each' issue of The Question Hark . 

2. The editorials should be centered 

around any subject of interest to 
the Association as a whole as ex- 
pressed in Article II of the Con- 
stitution, namely, that it shall 
be the object of the Association 

(a) to foster professional li- 


(b) to further the common inter- 

ests and welfare of the pro- 
fessional staff 

(c) to promote greater efficiency 

in library service. 
These precepts have been formulated by 
the Executive Board in response to a re- 
quest from the old/new Publications Com- 
mittee. Other features of The Question 
Mark will be retained. You will find a 
note concerning the Soap Box in that col- 
umn itself. 

New Staff Members 

Mrs Hazel R. Johnston has returned to 
the Library as Children's Librarian at 
the Alls ton Branch Library. She was 
Children's Librarian at the Mt. Pleasant 
Branch Library at the time of her resig- 
nation in July, 19a8, 

Miss Ellen Richwagen, formerly employed 
in the field of children's work in the 
Young People ' s Room, has returned to work 
in the Library at the Roslindale Branch 

Miss Marilyn R. Bruhn, Trustees' Office, 


Miss Frances B. O'Brien, Registration 
Department, to Mr Willis F. Starke, of 
Cambridge. May 7, 1950 has been set as 
the wedding date. 


Mr Donald F, Ross, Cataloging and 
Classification Department, Circulation 
Division, to return to school, 

lirs Veronica Tibets, Book Stack Service, 
on February 3, 19^0, to stay at home. 

Mrs Isabelle M. Leen, Trustees' Office, 
on February 11, 19^0, to stay at home. 


Mr Thomas J. Manning, Science and 
Technology Department (Patent Room) to 
the Director's Office on February 1, 1950. 
Mr Manning will handle exhibits. 

Mrs Irene H. Tuttle, Branch Librarian 
of the South Boston Branch Library, is to 
serve in the same capacity on the Book- 
mobile, until the re-opening of the South 
Boston Branch Library. Other members of 


the South Boston Branch Library staff 
have been transferred temporarily as 
follows : 

Miss Madalene D. Holt, to West Roxbury 
Branch Library. 

Miss Anne P. Connors, to Charlestown 
Branch Library. 

I.Iiss Mary L. Yanovich, to the Book 
Preparation Department. 

llrs Evelyn B. Marden, Children's Li- 
brarian, Charlestown Branch Library, to 
the Bookmobile. 

Mrs Elizabeth A. Simoons, Probationary 
Assistant, liTest Roxbury Branch Library, 
to the Bookmobile. 


Miss M. Dorothy Brackett, City Point 
Branch Library, was married on Saturday 
afternoon, January 22, 19^0, to Mr Edward 
L. Ekstrora, at St. Augustine's Rectory, 
South Boston. Mr Ekstrom, employed in 
Hyde Park, is attending Massachusetts 
Institute of Technology evenings. }ir and 
Mrs Ekstrom were honored at a combined 
reception and shov/er on Friday evening 
January 27. 


Sergeant Doris A. Quigley, formerly of 
the Trustees' Office, was married to 
Sergeant Chesley Briggs TVeddleton, Jr, in 
Washington, D. C, on February 5, 1950. 
Sergeant Quigley was married in the 
Chapel of the Naval Communications 
Station and was given a reception at the 
home of her Captain. 


Mr Walter R. Curley, Science and 
Technology Department, translated direct- 
ly from the German a summary of The 
Internal friction and radiation damping 
of violins . This translation was pub- 
lished in the January 1950 issue of the 
Journal of the Boston College Physics 


Mrs Margaret Morrissey (Book Purchasing 
Department), 82 Keith Street, Y/est 
Roxbury 32. 

Miss Anne M. Brennan (Branch Issue 
Department), 93 Calumet Street, Roxbury 20. 

lir James P. J. Gannon, Binding Depart- 

Mr Michael Dello Russo, Binding Depart- 



Miss Anna Buckmann, Registration De- 
partment, after a two-months' leave of 
absence on account of illness. 

¥t Michael Sullivan, Buildings Depart- 
ment, after a long absence on account of 
an injury to his eye. Mr Sullivan has no 
praise too high for the quick and effi- 
cient manner in which Mrs Wollent rendered 
first aid at the time of the accident, and 
to her he gives credit for saving the 
sight in that eye, 



On a late September afternoon of 1927, 
in viThat was then the Blagden Street staff 
lounge, a group of the Library's depart- 
ment heads and a few of us vjho vrere their 
assistants vrere listening to the new 
Supervisor of the Training Class, Mrs 
Bertha V. Hartzell, Smiling, slight of 
figure, becomingly dresses, she stood 
talking of the project virhich was to in- 
sure to the Library in the future better 
trained and therefore more valuable as- 
sistants. In that brief half hoiir, v^e 
saw many of the things that were to be 
marked in her in the days to come, poise, 
graciousness, dignity, and a certain fine- 
ness that seemed a reflection of her life 
before we knew her. 

That life had included growing up in 
Newton and attending the public schools 
there, her A. 3. degree from Radcliffe 
College in 1898, followed by graduate work 
in 1900-01, travel abroad, and a year 


spent in the study of voice in Germany 
vjhere she first met a very youthful stu- j 
dent of the pianoforte, Artur Rubinstein. j 
Later came marriage to a clergyman, the j 
son of a bishop of the Methodistr-Epis copal 
Church, tvro children, one of whom died in 
infancy, and ;^rido7;hood. She had acquired 
her B. S. in library science from Simmons 
College in 1918, and her son had gradu- 
ated from Harvard and v:as well on his way 
towards his doctor's degree before she 
left her work as librarian of one of the 
famous private schools of New England to 
devote herself to improving assistants 
in the Boston Public Library. 

Devotion is not too strong a term for 
the way in which Mrs Flartzell applied 
herself to her duties here. Infinitely 
kind though she was, she never tolerated 
careless preparation. If you had been 
out ill and there was \.-ork to be made up, 
it had to be done. There could be no 
mistake about that. But if you must stay 
after ho\irs to do it, she would stay with 
you, in case you needed help. The number 
of those who attended her Library train- 
ing classes in the years up to her re- 
tirement runs into the hundreds. Yet it 
is not too much to say that all of those 
v.-ho worked under the guidance of Mrs 
Hartzell could never, vdth her in mind, 
give less than their best to the Library. 
She vras of the generation that understood 
firmness. Her three young grandsons, she 
has said more than once, and vdth pride, 
knew always when she spoke that she meant 
what she said to them. 

Along with her adherence to what she 
considered duty went Ilrs Hartzell 's very 
real appreciation of the good life. If 
it was a concert of the Celebrity Series, 
a Gilbert and Sullivan opera done by a 
visiting D'Oyly Carte Company, Maurice 
Evans in Hamlet , or a big-league baseball 
game, she would go to the limit of her 
oftentimes frail strength to be on hand. 
Of course, when Artur Rubinstein was in 
town it was literally true that nothing 
else mattered. He remembered her always 
with complimentary tickets to his con- 

In her loyalty to Radcliffe College, 
she vas steadfast. Luncheons and class 
reunions never lacked her support. It 
was characteristic of her, too, that in 
• the group photograph at the fiftieth an- 
niversary of her graduation, she stood, 
straight-shouldered and slender, in a 

well-cut frock, and wearing a pretty hat. 
With the death of her father at the age 
of ninety-seven, her oivn retirement in 
19U6, and the deoarture of her son and 
his family from New England, many of the 
more pressing demands upon her energies 
lessened. She continued to live in her 
apartment at Nevrton, worked occasionally 
on a club paper, went regularly to see a 
former assistant who was invalided, and 
now and again found time to pay a visit to 
the Library in Copley Square. Her lant 
appearance among us was in the third vreek 
of January of this year. She was stricken 
with cerebral hemorrhage at her home on 
January 31 and died on February 1, 1950, 
at the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital. 

C. H. 


Margaret Hope Reid, vjho entered the Li- 
brary in 1907 and who retired as Branch 
Librarian at the Mt. Pleasant Branch Li- 
brary in January 19UB, will live in the 
memories of her countless friends for 
many, many years. She will live in the 
annals of the Library she served so faith- 
fully as long as paper and printer's ink 
shall endure. 

Let me share with you one of ray memories 
of her. On one of my first visits to the 
Mt. Pleasant Branch Library ~ "her li- 
brary" — I opened the door upon a per- 
fectly silent room. On one side sat the 
men and boys; on the other, the vromen and 
girls. They were not reading but were 
looking at a small and rather ill-clothed 
little lad who stood in front of the Li- 
brarian's desk. She smiled at him in an 
encouraging manner and said, "Nov; sing for 
all of us," Then, standing virith legs far 
apart and hands stiffly held at his sides, 
he sang in a thin and squeaky voice, if I 
remember correctly, "You can't have any of 
my bananas \ihen your bananas are gone." 
He finished the song and again there was a 
dead silence, until he murmured in a dis- 
appointed manner, "There ain't no applause." 
Said the Librarian, "Of course, we will 
give you applause," and the audience re- 
sponded with a vdll. "Now", remarked the 
Librarian, "you've had your sing and we've 
all listened to you, so you can go and sit 
down and read." Turning to me she ex- 
plained, "He kept humming and disturbing 


the readers so I thought he'd better have 
a chance to get it out of his system." 

Miss Reid had a phenomenal memory for 
the books her adult patrons read. She 
soon knew their tastes and they depended 
on her to choose just the books they 
would enjoy. If she heard that one of 
her readers was ill, she would send a 
book to the house or take it herself. 

A greatly beloved and understanding 
person was Margaret Hope Reid, to whom 
might be applied the v/ords, "A perfect 
hostess in the Hall of Books." 

E. G. 


Margaret Hope Reid vras always young in 
spirit. Possessed of a great capacity 
for friendship, she was unfailingly loyal 
to her old friends and ever happy to make 
new ones. She had virhat has been termed 
"an educated heart", as no special occa- 
sion in her friends' lives passed without 
a thoughtful greeting or timely note from 

She loved to travel and each trip was 
to her a new adventure and a nevi thrill. 
Besides three trips to Europe, she trav- 
elled in Mexico, Alaska, Labrador, 
Bermuda, Canada, and from east to west in 
the United States, To hear her tell of 
her adventures was a pleasure. Her mem- 
ory was keen and retentive so that years 
after a trip she could name every hamlet 
and tovm through v/hich she had passed. 
On her return from one trip she was asked 
by a friend, "Did you see anything ob- 
jectionable in the countries through 
I'rfiich you travelled?" Her reply viras 
characteristic of her vfhole approach to 
life, "I Trent to look for the beauty of 
the countries, and that is all I found." 
Yet, with all her travel, she never lost 
the love she had for the quiet beauty and 
peace of Nantucket where she spent long, 
happy vreeks. 

Margaret Hope Reid had many hobbies 
which added to the fullness of her living. 
Fo'r her amateur photography she received 
several awards, among them one from 
Eastman Kodak Company for a particularly 
striking picture of an iceberg off the 
coast of Labrador. She also collected 
silver, china, and bells. 

In addition to membership in library 
organizations, she found time for active 

participation in the work of the Catholic 
Guild for the Blind, the Catholic Guild 
for the House of the Good Shepherd, and 
the Guild for Work vdth Foreign Missions. 
To knov\r Ifergaret Hope Reid as a friend 
vras a rich experience; the memory of it 
will be cherished by each individual v/ho 
vras so privileged. 

M. I'. S. 



Your President must have some of the 
characteristics of The roan who came to 
dinner. Properly hat-ed and coat-ed she 
bade you a fond farewell in the January 
issue of The Question Mark . Now, with 
suitcase in hand she is back on your front 
doorstep all ready to stay another year. 

On behalf of myself, the newly-elected 
officers, and the Executive Board, I would 
like to thank you for your support during 
the recent election. Those of us virho were 
elected to represent you for the year 1950 
appreciate the" trust which you have placed 
in us and we shall endeavor to conduct the 
affairs of the Association in such a way 
that this trust will be justified. I would 
also like to take this opportunity to 
thank those who have so kindly consented 
to serve on committees (see last page for 
list of committees) and as staff repre- 
sentatives. In the final analysis it is 
this group of people who makes the wheels 
of the Association go round. The Execu- 
tive Board is fully cognizant of the type 
of people serving in these capacities and 
the members of the Board are sharpening 
their wits in order to provide adequate 
ideas to keep these committees' members 
and staff representatives in good working 
trim throughout the year. 


At the first meeting of the newly- 
elected Executive Board held on Tuesday, 
January 31, 19^0, several matters of vital 
interest were discussed. The topic of 
keenest interest at the moment is the pos- 
sibility of legislative action to restore 
the pay to those members of the staff who 
suffered loss due to the theft in the 
Central Library on December 22, 19U9. 


After a review of the correspondence be- 
t\veen the Director and the President of 
the BPLPSA, given here to refresh your 
memory on the several aspects of the sub- 
ject, it vras decided to ask I.Ir Lord to 
approach either Judge Frank Donahue or 
Mr Lee Friedman, Trustees, or a member of 
the Law Department of the City of Boston, 
(who would act as an individual rather 
than in his capacity as a member of the 
Lavr Department) concerning the possibili- 
ty of drav.-ing up the necessary papers in 
order to start legal proceedings. As vie 
go to press, word has been received, 
verbally, from the Director that the 
necessary ground vrork has been prepared. 
Two staff members, Mr Louis Polishook and 
Mr Sidney V.'einberg, both lav^^ers, have 
been invited to represent the Staff As- 
sociation on this matter. They are pre- 
pared to take the necessary steps to do 
everything possible to help steer the 
petition through the legislative channels. 

Dear Mrs Wright: 

The Executive Board of the B.P.L.P.S.A. 
is interested in taking steps to be of 
some tangible assistance to our fellow ! 
employees who Virere the victims of the re-| 
cent theft. However, before we make any ! 
definite plans, the Board would like to j 
have some statement as to the efforts 
which the Administration has made or is 
making toward reimbursement. Are any 
plans being made to push the efforts to 
have the staff salaries paid by check? 
Is there any possibility that some in- 
surance will be carried on the safes in 
the building as protection in case of 
similar catastrophies in the future? 

The Executive Board is of the opinion 
that it should be armed Tilth all the 
facts pertinent to the case before it 
goes to the staff as a whole for support 
of any proposed plan to aid those who 
suffered financial loss \;hen the safe was 

Very truly yours, 

(signed) EDNA G. PECK 

President, B.P.L.P.S.A. 
December 29, 19l49 

k January 19^0 

Dear Miss Peck; 

Steps were taken immediately {even out- 
side of regular working hours over the 
Christmas weekend itself) to ascertain 
what might be done by way of reimburse- 
ment to those members of the library staff 
who had suffered personal loss through 
the safe robbery here in the Central Li- 
brary Building on Thursday night, 
December 22. A conference was thereafter 
held promptly on Tuesday morning, 
December 27; with the hiphest-ranking 
officers of the city adminiptration Vvdth 
a vievj- to initiating steps to be of aid 
to those who had suffered loss. This 
conference brought out that, since the 
City of Boston had made payment of the 
amounts properly due to each individual, 
either to the individual himself or to an 
agent, it would not be legally possible 
to make a second payment. Legal inquiry 
indicated that perhaps the only avenue of 
redress would be through authori'sation 
from the Legislature itself for this pur- 
pose. Just what can be accomplished in 
this manner is at present unknovrn. 

The Library has had robbery insurance 
for some time. This insurance has, how- 
ever, been intended to cover the trans- 
mittal of moneys betvreen the Library and 
outside depositories, and had not pro- 
vided coverage for what had been believed 
to be secure places such as safes, vihich 
are normally self-protecting by virtue of 
their o-^m nature and construction. In 
the light of the recent incident the Li- 
brary took action immediately to extend 
its robbery insurance to cover the Li- 
brary's safes as vrell. 

Out of the experience as gained from 
the recent incident I am planning to pre- 
sent to the Trustees of the Library a 
rene\Yal of an earlier recommendation 
that salary payments in the Library be 
made by check rather than in cash^ The 
Trustees were agreeable to the earlier 
recommendation, but the city authorities 
outside of the Library did not find 
themselves in a position to accede to it 
when the recommendation was originally 
made approximately two years ago. It is 
my personal belief that action should be 
pressed at the present time to accomplish 
a change-over to payment by check. It is 
hoped that this time there may be a suc- 
cessful outcome of our efforts. 


If there is any further information 
which I can give which will be useful to 
you and your associates, I shall be glad 
to have you let me know. 

Yours sincerely, 

(signed) MILTON E. LORD 

19 January 1950 

Dear Miss Peck: 

On January kth, in reply to an inquiry 
from you under date of December 29th, I 
wrote to say that steps had been taken 
immediately to ascertain what might be 
done by way of reimbursement to those 
members of the library staff v;ho had suf- 
fered personal loss through the safe rob- 
bery here in the Library on Thursday 
evening, December 22nd. I indicated that 
a conference had been held promptly on 
Tuesday morning, December 27th v.lth the 
highest ranking officers of the city ad- 
ministration T/Yith a vievj- to initiating 
steps to be of aid to those who had suf- 
fered loss. This conference had brought 
out that since the City of Boston had 
made payment of the amounts properly due 
to each individual, either to the indi- 
vidual himself or to an agent, it would 
not be legally possible to make a second 
pajTTient. Legal inquiry had indicated 
that perhaps the only avenue of redress 
would be through authorization from the 
Legislature itself for this purpose. I 
indicated that just what could be accom- 
plished in this respect had been unknown, 

I wish to report noi/ that the Lavr De- 
partment of the City of Boston has indi- 
cated that the preferable approach in the 
matter would be to have a special act of 
the Legislature enacted to authorize the 
payment of the amounts due to the several 
individuals concerned by way of restitu- 
tion for their losses. The Law Depart- 
ment has indicated that an appropriate 
bill for the purpose could be drafted by 
it through its legislative representative, 
As to the manner of filing such a bill, 
there appear to be the following alterna- 
tives: (1) either the individual who 
suffered the largest amount of loss could 
have the bill drafted and presented in 
his name in representation of himself and 
his fellow workers through an individual 

member of the Legislature of his own 
choosing, or (2) the Boston Public Library 
Professional Staff Association as a repre- 
sentative body of the employees suffering 
loss could have the petition drafted in 
its name and then filed by it through a 
representative of its Selection. In any 
case the Law Department of the City of 
Boston would be willing to cooperate in 
every respect in obtaining an affirmative 
action from the Legislature. And the ad- 
ministrative officers of the Library would 
in their turn aid in every respect in en- 
listing the aid of the Lavf Department. 

One other possibility of action was ex- 
plored that had to do -nz-ith the possibility 
of having restitution of losses made from 
the income of such of the Library's trust 
funds as might be available through there 
being no restrictions upon their useo I 
wish to report that the Law Department of 
the City of Boston has examined this pos- 
sibility and has indicated that action in 
this direction may not be taken. 

I bring this information to your atten- 
tion with the request that it be brought 
vadely to the attention of the membership 
of the Boston Public Library Professional 
Staff Association through publication in 
The Question Mark and also through public 
presentation to the members of the Asso- 
ciation to be held on Friday, January 20, 

The officers of the Library stand ready 
to help in every viray that they can. 

Yours sincerely, 
(signed) MILTON E. LORD 

19 January 1950 

Dear Afiss Peck: 

I am deeply disturbed that the January 
1950 issue of The Question Mark should 
have been allowed to carry an anonymous 
letter on pages l5 - I6 concerning the 
loss incurred in the recent robbery in the 
Central Library building vri-thout there 
having been simultaneously published my 
letter to you under date of January k, 

The anonymous letter vv'hich was published 
in The Question Mark indicates that 
nothing further has been done in the mat- 
ter by the responsible officers of the 


Library and at the srme time carries the 
implication that these officers might be 
attempting a "shifting of responsibility 
from where it really belongs to the 
shoulders of the employees." To have al- 
lovred such a letter to have been pub- 
lished anon^Tnously without accompanying 
it by my own signed letter under date of 
January h, 1950 recounting the action 
v;hich had been taken to date is hardly 
fair to the Trustees or to the adminis- 
trative officers of the Library. 

I therefore respectfully request that 
the Association take adequate steps to 
redress this omission both by publication 
and by presentation of the matter public- 
ly to the members of the Association at 
their meeting which is scheduled for 
January 20, 19^0. 

I am not attem.pting here to take up any 
of the points mentioned in the anonymous 
letter as published in The Question ?"ark , 
except to state that the matter of the 
method of payment of salaries in the Li- 
brary has not been determined by the Li- 
brary itself but by the city authorities 
outside of the Library, and also that the 
-question of insuring the contents of 
safes is not necessarily the solution, 
in accordance with the statement made 
concerning that point in the anonymous 
letter. As to the question of the possi- 
bility of reimbursement from the income 
of the Library's trust funds, that has 
been treated in my other letter to you 
under today's date. 

I respectf-ully suggest that either this 
letter or its contents be brought to the 
attention of the members of the Associa- 
tion through The Question Mark and 
through presentation in public meeting of 
the members of the Association. 

Yours sincerely, 

(signed) MILTON E. LORD 


31 January 19^0 

Dear Mr Lord: 

Thank you for your three letters, one 
under the date of January h, 19^0, and 
two dated January 19, 19^0, vdth refer- 
ence to steps being taken to reimburse 
those who suffered financial loss due to 
the robbery in the Central Library 

Building on Thursday night, December 22, 


At the Executive Board meeting on 
January 12, 1950, it was decided to use 
your letter of January Uth as a basis for 
discussion at the forthcoming business 
meeting on January 20, 1950 \7hen there 
vrould be a consideration of possible means 
whereby the Boston Public Library Profes- 
sional Staff Association could be of serv- 
ice to its fellow vrorkers irho had suffered 
financial loss. Since the Association 
membership vras not cognizant of the fact 
that the Executive Board v/as in communica- 
tion vixth the Director on the matter, it 
was decided by the Executive Board to 
hold your letter for the business meeting 
\-;hen both my letter and your reply would 
be presented, rather than to publish your 
reply in the January 1950 issue of The 
Question Mark-. 

As a result of a very exhaustive discus- 
sion of the problem on January 20th, based 
on your letter of January Uth and on one 
letter of January 19th, it was voted "that 
the Boston Public Library Professional 
Staff Association, in cooperation iivith the 
Boston Public Library Employees Benefit 
Association, Inc., provided the latter 
organization were ivilling to assume this 
responsibility, be authorized to draw up a 
petition to the Legislature requesting 
that the employees affected by the robbery 
be reimbursed for their loss." 

The suggestion ^^'as made that the newly- 
elected Executive Board should survey the 
factors involved in the Association lend- 
ing money from its treasury to those who 
might be in need of immediate financial 

In reply to the queries raised in your ■ 
second letter of January 19th, 1950, I 
should like to clarify the matter of the 
Soap Box policy. According to ITebster's 

definition of anonymous — "of unknov.Ti or 
unavowed authorship or donorship" — no 
letter is accepted for pubD.ication in The 
Question Mark, anonymously. All such com- 

munications must be signed by the person 
who va"ites them when they are submitted 
to the editor for possible inclusion in 
the Soap Box section. If the writer so 
requests the signature is not published. 
It is the opinion of the Executive Board 
that this is one place where the individ- 
ual staff members have the ooportunity to 
bring to the attention of their fellow 
employees any matter which may be of 


mutual interest without drawing unto him- 
self or herself, as the case may be, un- 
due criticism or laudatory comment. For 
this reason it has been deemed wise to 
keep this column free from censorship and 
to allow the editor of The Question Mark , 
in conjunction -vath the Publications Com- 
mittee, to publish all such matei'ial as 
they deem it vase. 

In the case of the tvro letters in the 
January, 1950 issue of The Question Mark , 
to which your letter referred, the Editor 
assures me that the opinions and comments 
in both letters were those of mature, 
professional staff members who had not 
lost money in the recent robbery. The 
funds citod in one letter v;ere from the 
published Statistical Report of 19U8 and 
thus are available to anyone v^ho might be 
interested. These letters were as a par- 
tial answer to an undercurrent of queries 
as to what might be legally possible from 
funds. If your letter of January Uth had 
been published along with these Soap Box 
letters, as suggested by you in one of 
your letters of the 19th, it would have 
shed no light on the query since no men- 
tion was made of funds in that letter. 
Your other letter of the 19th, now incor- 
porated in the minutes of the annual bus- 
iness meeting, has provided the answer 
vdth finality, in the third paragraph. 
As to the letter in The Question Mark 
which referred to salaries having been 
paid from funds, it contained no informa- 
tion that is not generally taken for 
granted. There is a general impression 
which may be erroneous, and if so you 
might like to use the columns of The 
Question Mark to clarify the facts, that 
in several instances salaries have been 
paid from funds. The letter was not in- 
tended as a criticism of library policy. 
It was simply a reminder of an accepted 
fact, or That the staff assumes to be an 
accepted fact. 

I am confident that the writers of 
these letters had no malicious intent. 
They were written solely for the purpose 
of reminding the staff of certain factors 
pertinent to the case. 

The entire correspondence, and anything 
else you may wish to add before February 
10th, will be published in. the February, 
1950, issue of The Question Mark . 

I am confident that it is your sole de- 
sire, as it is the desire of the Boston 
Public Library Professional Staff 

Association, to be of tangible assistance 
to those members of the staff who suffered 
financial loss through no fault of their 

Sincerely yours, 

(signed) EDNA G. PECK 

President, B.P.L.P.S.A 

9 February 19^0 

Dear Miss Peck: 

In your letter of January 31, 19^0 you 
make mention that "in several instances 
salaries have been paid from funds". 

I know of only one instance in which a 
payment for personal service has been 
made from the income of general trust 
funds. In all other instances of payments 
for personal service, such payment has 
been made from the income of a fund spe- 
cifically designated for such use, such as 
the V.Tiitney Bibliographic Fund or the 
Alice Lincoln Y/hitney Fund, or in terms of 
the expressed wish of the donor from a 
fund such as the Kirstein Fund. 

I send this word on to you for the pur- 
pose of clarification, since it has been 
stated that "in several instances sala- 
ries have been paid from funds". 

Yours sincerely, 
(signed) MILTON E. LORD 

9 February 19^0 

Dear Miss Peck: 

I have read with interest your letter of 
January 31, 1950. Despite your presenta- 
tion I am still disturbed as I was v/hen I 
wrote my letter of January 19, 1950 to you, 

I still stand upon the first three para- 
graphs of my letter of January 19 » If the: 
Association elected to publish an anonj'-- 
mous letter in the January 1950 issue of 
The Question Mark concerning the loss in- 
curred by members of the staff in the re- 
cent robbery in the Central Library build- 
ing, and carrying the implication that the 
responsible officers of the Library had 
not been iiiidertaking all that might prop- 
erly be done to meet the situation and 
might be attempting a "shifting of respon- 
sibility from Vv'here it really belongs to 


the shoulders of the employees", it would 
seem to be entirely reasonable to expect 
that it would elect to publish also my 
letter to you under date of January Uj 
1950 in which a full report was made upon 
what had been done in the situation up to 
that time. In my opinion to have pub- 
lished one of these letters without pub- 
lishing the other was hardly fair to the 
Trustees or to the administrative offi- 
cers of the Library. 

Inasmuch as there has been raised in 
your letter of January 31 the question of 
"censorship" of communications to the 
"Soap Box", I iirish to state clearly that 
such question of "censorship" was not 
raised by me. I have no objection what- 
ever to the publication of the two let- 
ters which appeared in the "Soap Box" of 
the January 19^0 issue of The Question 
Mark, My objection has been solely to 
the fact that in publishing these two 
letters there was not published also at 
the same time my letter of January U. 
Actually I believe that the institution 
of the "Soap Box" serves a very useful 
purpose in making it possible for matters 
to be brought out into the open which 
otherv'rLse might not easily have open 
presentation. As the chief administra- 
tive officer of the Library I vrelcome the 
use of the "Soap Box" in The Question 
Mark because of the great value which it 
has for those of us who are charged with 
the responsibilities of administration, 

I hope that you will find it possible 
to have this present letter joined with 
the rest of the correspondence for pub- 
lication in the February 1950 issue of 
The Question Mark. 

Yours sincerely, 

(signed) MILTON E. LORD 


The Executive Board at this first ses- 
sion also reviewed the report of the In- 
Service Training Committee for the year 
19i;9. One feature of this report was the 
recommendation that a special committee 
be appointed to study the overall picture 
of Association participation in in-service 
training. This committee has been ap- 

The Executive Board voted to continue 
CARE activities until July 1, 1950, fur- 
ther participation to depend on staff 
response during the next five months. 
Miss Helen Lambert, Uphams Corner Branch 
Library has accepted the chairmanship of 
the committee to succeed Mr Eamon E, 
McDonough, who did such an outstanding 
piece of work during the past two years. 


A meeting of the Yfer Memorial Committee 
was held on Tuesday afternoon, February 
lU, in the Staff Library, From the nine 
members chosento represent the three staff 
organizations, a working committee was set 
up. A complete report of this meeting 
will be given in the March issue of The 
Question Mark. 


In compliance with the following letter 
from the Director, a special committee on 
Personnel Service Ratings has been ap- 
pointed to survey this problem and report 
back to the Executive Board at the earli- 
est possible moment. 

11 January 1950 

Dear Miss Peck: 

It would be greatly appreciated to have 
the comments and opinion of you and your 
colleagues in the Professional. Staff As- 
sociation concerning the matter set forth 
in the following paragraph. 

In connection with the administration of 
the Personnel Service Ratings of the Li- 
brary it has been suggested that it might 
be desirable to have (l) a comjnittee of 
review of (2) a board of appeal or (3) 
both to which an individual might present 
questions concerning the fairness of the 
rating accorded to him by way of appeal 
from the rating officer's handling of his 
individual case. Such committees would 
have the advantage of acting on a library- 
vifide basis and would assure coordinated 
action in the handling of individual cases. 
They might have also the advantage of mak- 
ing the procedure of appeal a more imper- 
sonal one than if the appeal is made sim- 
ply to one's administrative superiors. 

If such committees were to be set up, 
it would be important to have them 


constituted in such manner that they 
would be acceptable to and adequately- 
representative of both the library staff 
at large on the one hand and the library 
administration as such on the other hand. 
Suggestions would therefore be welcomed 
as to the basis upon which such commit- 
tees of appeal or reviev/ might be con- 
stituted, as well as suggestions as to 
their pov/ers and duties. 

This inquiry on my part is intended to 
be suggestive only, and is made simply by 
way of exploration of the situation. I 
recall that the Professional Staff Asso- 
ciation has had a Committee on Personnel 
Ratings. lYould this be a matter upon 
Yifhich that committee might wish to ex- 
press an opinion, and also the Executive 

Yours sincerely, 

(signed) MILTON E. LORD 

January 12, 1950 

Dear Mr Lord: 

The Executive Board voted to have an 
auditing committee for the current year. 
It shall be the duties of this committee 
to audit the financial accounts of the 
Association annually, just prior to the 
annual meeting, and to submit such audit 
to the Executive Board, 

DUES ARE DUE . If March is good enough 
for the United States Government and for 
the Government of the Commonwealth of 
Massachusetts, it is good enough for the 
3.P.L.P.S.A. All we ask is your last 
quarter, your all and only, once your 
government taxes are paid. You may even 
have until March 31^ 1950 to square your 
yearly account, all twenty-five cents of 
it, with the Association, Just in case 
you are \vondering what is happening to 
this staggering sum which is paid annually, 
I might just note in passing that the 
Association has just paid out approximate- 
ly one hundred and fifty dollars (-^150,00) 
for supplies, mimeograph paper, stationery, 
envelopes, etc. As you may judge. The 
Question Mark alone consumes a rather 

Your letter of January 11, 19^0 regard- 
ing certain aspects of the Personnel 
Service Ratings of the Library was dis- 
cussed at the Executive Board of the 
Boston Public Library Professional Staff 
Association. The members were very much 
interested in the ideas presented. They 
viere of the opinion that it was a matter 
which needed attention. Hovrever, since 
this was the last executive meeting of 
this board, with a very full slate of 
matters to be cleared up, it vras decided 
to lay this matter on the table for the 
new executive board, with the recommenda- 
tion that it should receive immediate at- 
tention after their organization is com- 

Thank you for bringing the matter to 
our attention. As soon as some decision 
has been reached, I shall communicate 
with you. 

Very truly yours, 



Boston Public Library 
Professional Staff Associatior. 

large amount of mimeograph paper. One 
hundred and fifty copies are issued month- 
ly, or about two thousand copies per year. 
In its present flourishing condition this 
represents quite a few sheets of mimeo- 
graph paper and while mimeograph paper may 
come from trees, it doesn't grov; on tr^^es, 
at least not in Copley Square. It comes 
only in return for cold hard cash. You 
see Vie really do need that twenty-five 
cents. The Treasurer, Mr Charles J. 
Gillis, Cataloging and Classification De- 
partment, Circulation Division, awaits 
your contribution with anticipation. 


The following are copies of letters 
which were received from Mrs Redstone 
and Professor Hartzell in thanks for the 
flowers sent by the Association to the 
services for Vr Redstone and Mrs Hartzell. 

Professional Staff Association :- 
Dear Friends :- 

Our most sincere thanks to you for the 
flowers sent to us for Mr Redstone's 
funeral. It was most thoughtful of you^ 
and we do appreciate the pleasant 


relationship they expressed to us. 

His library life, in all its phases, 
was very dear to him, and we feel that he 
was most fortunate to have had the years 
he did have in the field he so enjoyed. 

His associates were so kind to him and 
he responded as best he could. That is 
all a pleasure to us right now. 

My two daughters joiji me in saying 
"Thank You" - 


(signed) Alice H. Redstone 
January 20, 1950 

Your kind expression of sympathy 

is gratefully acknowledged 

and deeply appreciated 

The spray of red and yellow tulips and 
snap dragons was lovely. Thank you for 
remembering mother. 

(signed) Karl Hartzell 

The follovdng letter of appreciation 
from the Director speaks for itself, I 
am sure that this volume has increased 
in value for Mr Lord since this letter 
v/as written for, if I remember correctly, 
the first individual greeting in the book 
¥/as written by the late Mrs Bertha V, 


Plans are completed for the open meet- 
ing of the Association to be held on 
Friday, February 17th. This meeting is 
under the guidance of the 19h9 Program 
and Entertainment Committees. This will 
be their swan song. Let us all show that 
we appreciate the fine work of these com- 
mittees by supporting this meeting. All 
B.P.L. staff members and their friends 
are invited. Mr Joseph Dineen of The 
Boston Globe \\rill speak on News and news - 
papers in the B.P.L. Lecture Hall at 
8:30 p.m. Follov.lng Mr Dineen 's talk 
there m'ill be an informal reception for 
the newly elected officers of the Asso- 
ciation in the Abbey Room. This will 
give everybody an opportunity to meet 
their new officers, tell them what they 
expect of them for the coming year and at i 
the same time enjoy the refreshments pro- 
vided by the Entertainment Committee. 
Judging by the past results of this com- 
mittee under Miss Calnan's capable guid- 
ance, the latter vfill be no great effort 
on the part of anyone. No charge. 
Everyone welcome. 


3 February 1950 

Dear Miss Peck: 

I am sorry that I have not had an op- 
portunity before this to write in ex- 
pression of appreciation of the very fine 
volume bearing good wishes and greetings 
on the part of those who were in attend- 
ance at the reception which the Boston 
Public Library Professional Staff Asso- 
ciation arranged for me on December 2 in 
connection with my becoming President of 
the American Library Association. 

The volume will be greatly treasured by 
me. It means a great deal in every way^ 

To you and your associates I extend my 
grateful thanks. 

Yours sincerely, 

(signed) MILTON E. LORD 


Organization, administration, and manage - 
ment of the Los Angeles Public Library . 
Vol , I General Service Factors 
Vol. II Objectives of the Library , ap - 
praisal of the book collec - 
Bureau of Budget and Efficiency, in con- 
sultation wL th Lowell Martin and Leon 
Carnovsky. 19^9 • 
Among the rapidly multiplying library 
surveys (including Boston's Finance 
Commission Report) this is signifi- 
cant for being the first in v/hich the 
combined professional services of ad- 
ministrative analysts and librarians 
have been utilized. The survey vTas 
treated as an opportunity for an in- 
tensification of the planning process 
within the library and not merely as 
an independent investigation by 


outsiders. The report is of further 
interest for the picture it presents 
of a great metropolitan library v«-hich 
over extended itself during a period 
of prosperity and grovrbh, with the re- 
sult that when lean days of shrinking 
financial support followed, a general 
disruption of the organizational 
structure took place. The recommend- 
ations contained in vol. 2, under the 
headings, objectives and book collec- 
tions, are extremely challenging and 
many are pertinent not only to the 
specific situation but to any library 
of similar size and character. 
Government publications for the citizen . 
A report of the Public Library Inquiry. 
James J. McCamy. 19U9 
In this survey of the present cumbrous 
machinery for the publication and dis- 
tribution of government information to 
the general reader the author recom- 
mends that the library assume an ac- 
tive role as a distributing agency, 
and makes specific proposals for a 
library-government distributing system. 
The information film , A report of the 
Public Library Inquiry sponsored joint- 
ly by the Twentieth Century Fund. 
Gloria Waldron assisted by Gecile Starr, 
Discusses the l6 mm film as an educa- 
tional tool together with problems of 
production, distribution and use. The 
concluding chapters are concerned v^ith 
the role of the public library as a 
film distributor and user, 


People listen to "Skip Graham" . Josephim 

R. Johnson. Library Journal , Oct. 1, 

19U9. p. lUO^^ 

A profile of A.L.A. 's dynamic young 
president-elect showing how he has 
made the Louisville Public Library a 
- strongly felt force in the community. 
Just ho v/ right is Mr Munn . John R. 

Bannister. Library Journal , Feb. 1, 

1950. p. k-T. 
Offers a vigorous rebuttal to Ralph 
Munn's pessimistic comments on re- 
cruiting more men for the profession 
which appeared in the Nov. 1 LJ. (It 
■was Mr Munn's contention that in order 
to recruit men the profession must ac- 
cept more mediocre men who will event- 
ually capture the top library posts, 
since most library boards prefer men 

as administrators, and drive the supe- 
rior women who deserve these posts out 
of the profession). 

The need for library leadership . John G. 
Duff. VJilson Bulletin , Feb. 19$0, p. 
Discusses the growing recognition on 
the part of library administrators of 
the need for a critical examination of 
training practice if the library is to 
function fully as a social agency. Sees 
the need for increasing emphasis in 
professional education on "human rela- 
tions, social dynamics, and the princi- 
ples of adult education". 

Enoch Pratt reorganized . Amy Wins low. 
Library Journal , Jan. 1, 19^0, p. 13-10. 
An interesting summary of Enoch Pratt's 
reorganization of its central and 
branch library system to meet the needs 
of its public. The significant aspect 
of the reorganization is that it has 
been done at little additional oper- 
ating cost largely through re-alloca- 
tion of duties. 

The obligations and responsibilities of 


the librarian concerning censorship . 

Leon Garnovsky. Library Quarterly , Jan., 

1950. p. 21-32. 

A provocative discussion of the back- 
ground and present realities of an ever 
recurring library problem* 

L. S. M, 


Once again, as in previous years, the 
Boston Public Library vras invited to par- 
ticipate in the selection of the American 
Library Association list of Notable Books. 
The national committee for the year 19U9 
was under the chairmanship of Mr John S, 
Richards, Librarian, Seattle Public Li- 
brary, and Vice President of the Public 
Libraries Division of the American Library 
Association. This committee was composed 
of representatives from forty-two librar- 
ies, The R. R. Bowker Company, The H. Vf, 
Wilson Company, Miss Helen Haines, and 
Miss Virginia Kirkus. Each group or in- 
dividual was requested to submit a list of 
fifty titles considered to be outstanding 
among the 19U9 American adult publications. 
The basis for selection was "outstanding 


usefulness, timeliness, or contribution 
to permanent literature." 

From the lists submitted a proposed 
list of fifty titles was issued to com- 
mittee members. Of these fifty titles 

, Miss Mary F. Daly, Statistical Dopart- 

Miss Elizabeth Fitzgerald, Cataloging 
jand Classification Department, Reference 

the Boston Committee had submitted thirtyj Miss Christine Hayes, Book Selection 
four titles. Each committee was requested! Department, Reference Division 

to state which titles they mshed re- 
tained, which dropped from this tentative 
list. The Boston Committee recommended 
ten retentions and seven eliminations. 
Of these ten suggestions for retention, 
eight appeared on the final list. Of the 
seven titles which the Boston Committee 
recommended be dropped, only two failed 
to reach the final list. 

The net result vras that of the fifty 
titles appearing on the final list, the 
Boston Committee was in accord with 
thirty-six titles. ITe questioned the in- 
clusion of two titles by one author, 
John Gunther. Our choice for Jlr Gunther 
was Death be not proud , since Behind the 
curtain followed more or less the pattern 
of Mr Gunther 's earlier books. Since Mr 
Richards, the chairman, had stated that 
"the list is to include only books con- 
sidered genuinely meritorious... out- 
standing usefulness, timeliness or con- 
tribution to permanent literature are 
criteria," the Boston Committee questioned 
the inclusion of the following titles: 
Mary by Sholera Asch; High jungle by 
William Beebe; American freedom and 

female by I!argaret Mead, and Thread that 
runs so true by Jesse Stuart. 

The Boston Committee numbered fourteen 
members. If the other forty- two librar- 
ies had approximately the same number of 
comjnittee members, the resulting figure 
would be approximately ^88 librarians, 
not to mention representatives from the 
publishers, Miss Haines and Miss Kirkus. 
The time has not yet arrived vj-hen 588 
librarians can be unanimous about any- 
thing, especially books. For Boston to 
agree to thirty-six out of fifty titles, 
with protest registered on only five ti- 
tles, seems most unusual. 

The Boston Committee was as follows : 

Mr Harry Andrevfs, Branch Issue Depart- 

Mr John M. Carroll, General Reference 

Miss G. Florence Connolly, Fine Arts 

Mrs Geraldine Herrick, North End Branch 

Miss Frances C. Lepie, Mt. Bowdoin 
Branch Library 

}J\r Leonard Macmillan, Book Purchasing 

Miss Louisa S. Metcalf, Open Shelf De- 

Mr Robert Roper, Science and Technology 

Miss Pauline ¥alker, West Roxbury Branch 

Miss Gladys White, Mt. Pleasant Branch 

Miss Edna G. Peck, Book Selection De- 
partment, Circulation Division 


A meeting of college and reference li- 
brarians in the Boston Postal District was 
held at Boston University on January l8, 
1950. A large group attended, and voted 
to continue to meet informally about four 

times a year, without, at present, affili- 

Catholic pov/er by Paul Blanchard; Male anim ating with any library association. 

Resources of the Boston area, and espe- 
cially some lesser-knovm collections, were 
described by a panel of speakers under the 
chairmanship of Mr Hugh !fontgomery of 
Harvard University. 

Miss Hannah French discussed nine 
IVellesley Collections : The Founders Li- 
brary, a personal collection on history; 
an English and American poetry collection 
of sixty-five hundred volumes, from 
Chaucer to the present; Italian literature 
of the fifteenth to the seventeenth centu- 
ries; a Ruskin collection of books, draw- 
ings, and letters; a collection of seven- 
teenth century cook-books; one on Negro 
slavery; and an outstanding Book Arts li- 
brary, the largest in the East, emphasiz- 
ing the works of the Grabhorn Press. 

Mrs Doris Pickard of Emerson College 
read notes on the League of Nations mate- 
rial in the Fletcher School of Diplomacy, 
which also has an international-relations 
library, and a deposit collection of UN 


and UNESCO documents. Mention was also 
made of the Radcliffe College material on 
contributions of Mioracn, and on Women's 
Rights, and the Babson Institute collec- 
tion on Isaac Nevrt-on, 

Miss Margaret Hazen analyzed some of 
the many collections at the Massachusetts 
Institute of Technology: the feldv/in" 
Engineering collectionj the Eastman li- 
braries of chemistry and microscopy; Dard 
Hunter Museum and library on paper-making;j 
the famous Vail electrical library; Rotch! 
School of Architecture library; and the | 
Naval History collection. Less knovm are j 
the war and post-war documents, comipris- | 
ing thousands of declassified government 
documents; a new translation series; a 
collection of Massachusetts Institute of 
Technology theses and a Center of 
Scientific Aids to Learning: microfilm, 
wire recording, etc. A quarterly - 
"American Documentation" - has just been 

Mr Foster Palmer of Harvard University 
analyzed the fabulous vrealth in the 
University's great collections in the 
V/idener Library; the Rare Books library 
in the Houghton building, in the Lament 
Library, and in the ninety departmental 
libraries. Vast resources in the liter- 
ature, languages, history, and sociology 
of all nations in publications of learned 
societies are but part of its treasures. 
There are the Chinese-Japanese Library, 
a world famous Theater and Drama collec- 
tion, and a huge amount of early American 
sheet music. Science is represented at 
Arnold Arboretum, the Gray Herbarium, the 
Library of Economic Botany, the Museum of 
Comparative Zoology, and the School of 
Engineering. Outstanding in their sever- 
al fields are the law collections, the 
medical library and the business and 
economic collections, 

Mr John M. Carroll told of four less- 
known special collections in the Rare 
Book Department of the Boston Public Li- 
brary: the Trent collection on Defoe, 
larger than that in the British Museum; 
the Lewisson collection on George 
Washington; the Sears Freiligarth collec- 
tion of nineteenth century romantic lit- 
erature; and the Sabatier library on the 
life of St. Francis, and the Franciscans. 

Some of Boston University's fourteen 
libraries were described by Mr Albert Roy. 
Recently a Rare Books room was established 
to house the Chenery library of Americana, 

comprising early Massachusetts imprints, 
Colonial history and manuscripts. A 
Theological Library nov; being reorganized, 
covers material on India, New England 
Methodism, and the Kimball Bibles. The 
School of Business Administration library 
is strong in psychology, human relations, 
and biography, vdth extensive pamphlet and 
clipping files, and Nev.' England community 
data. In the School of Education is the 
Visual Aids libuarys extensive catalogs 
of films, records and slides, and a most 
unusual collection of educational tests 
and measurements. The College of Music is 
rich in Renaissance music, as Y/ell as 
eighteenth and nineteenth century scores. 
The School of Law library has New Hampshire 
statutes complete from 1719 to date. 

The next meeting of the group will be 
held at Massachusetts Institute of Tech- 
nology, date to be announced, Its subject 
will be Orientation programs now being 
used in local institutions for all classes 
of students. 

L. A. S. 



The A,L,A. Midrdnter Meeting was held at 
the Edgewater Beach Hotel in Chicago from 
January 26-29, 1950 and vias attended by 
some l600 members of the Association* Due 
to other assignments, it was possible to 
attend only certain of the meetings sched- 
uled, a report of which follows: 
Council Meetings 

The first Council Meeting was held on 
Thursday, January 26 at 2:30 p»ra. The 
report of the Nominating Committee was 
made by Miss Marian McFadden, Chairman. 
Since the slate was published in the ALA 
Bulletin, December, 19li9, page 365, it 
will not be reported here, 

TvYO library associations, namely. The 
American Theological Library Association 
and the Cuban Association of Librarians, 
filed application to become affiliates of 
the A.L.A. and the Council voted to grant 
their applications, 

Mr Raymond C. Lindquist, Chairman of the 
Federal Relations Committee, reported on 
the campaign for funds for the Washington 
Office. The minimum budget for this Of- 
fice has been estimated at vj!l5,500, a year. 
The A.L.A, has set aside in 19h9-SO ^5,0C0, 


and will grant in addition from the A. L.A.I 
Endowment Fund in 19U9-50 and again in 
1950-51 the amount of $5,000o, if the 






Federal Relations Committee can raise 
$5,500. a year in this two-year periodo 
It is hoped to raise this money as fol- 
lows : 

from State Associations 

from A.L.A. Divisions 

from publishers 

from donations from individuals 
lUr Lindquist reported that contributions 
received to date vrere as follows: 
•'53,635. from State Associations 

from A.L.A. Divisions 

from publishers 

from individuals 
There has thus been raised a total of 
$7,U75. of the $11,000. needed. Follow- | 
ing Mr Lindquist 's report authorized rep- j 
resentatives of some seven State Associa- i 
tions announced actual contributions I 
voted or action being taken by their as- 
sociations. Individuals who wish to make 
a contribution to this fund may send such 
to }.1r Raymond C. Lindquist, Cuyahoga 
County Library, Cleveland, Ohio. | 
It was announced that ISrs l!argie S. j 
Malmberg is the new head of the Washington! 
Office now located in the Hotel Congres- j 
sional. The principal work of the Office I 
today will be to bring about the passage 1 
of the Library Demonstration Bill. 

President Lord, the Chairman of the | 
American Committee on Arrangements, made 
a report concernin,p; the International 
Library Congress. The Congress ordinari- 
ly convenes every five years under the 
auspices of the International Federation j 
of Library Associations. The last meet- 
ing vras held in Spain in 1935. Since j 
19liO and 19li.5, natural meeting years, werej 
war years no meetings were held, ! 

The Congress viall convene for ten days 
from October 7-l6, 1950. It will be lo- 
cated in the Ne-v; York area for six days 
for a v/orking program tied in with UNESCO,^ 
It viill be concerned with three projects 
as folloviTs: (1) education for librarian- 
ship; (2) the U!^IESCO-Library of Congress 
Bibliographical Report; and (3) the role 
of librarians, vdth emphasis on the public 
librarians, in the future. The Congress i 
then moves to Washington where the plena^ 
ry sessions vd.ll take place and will be 
tied up with the celebration of the 75th 
anniversary of the Library of Congress. 

The second Council Meeting was held on 
Saturday afternoon, January 28. Of par- 
ticular interest vras the discussion of the 
controversial Loyalty Resolution (ALA 
Bulletin, January, 1950, page 17) which 
centered around the word use in the Reso- 
lution as adopted by the ALA Council at 
Atlantic City on June 18, 19ii8 and changed 
to abiise by Council action on January 22, 
19U$. The Council voted to refer the Res- 
olution back to the Committee on Intellec- 
tual Freedom and the Board on Personnel 
Administration, the two committees respon- 
sible for the original Resolution, to 
write a new draft to be presented to the 
Council in July, 1950, 

Of interest to the staff will be the 
presentation of Hospital Library Standards 
by i\Ir Henry J. Gartland, President, Divi- 
sion of Hospital Libraries, to the Council 
for its consideration. The standards as 
presented were approved. Jir Gartland was 
formerly a member of the staff of the 
Boston Public Library, Periodical and 
Newspaper Department, 

The third Council Meeting on the after- 
noon of Sunday, January 29, vras devoted to 
consideration of the Report of the Ex- 
Officio Committee on A.L.A. Reorganization 
which had been appointed to take under con- 
sideration Part II of the Report of the 
Fourth Activities Committee (ALA Bulletin, 
January, 19h9 , pages 28-I4.3) • Action taken 
by the Council on the Report may be sum- 
marized as follows; 

(1) Adopted: Recommendations 53, S^, 
59, 62-63, 6U (amended), 
76, 79 
Referred to Special Committees: 
Recommendations 18-31, SO, 77 
Referred to Executive Board for 
study and report to the Council 
in July, 1950 : Recommendations 
65-69, 78 
Tabled or filed vri. thout action for 
or against by the Council: 
Recommendations 32-U5> U6, h7-h9, 
57, 58, 60, 61, 70-75, 80, 51-52, 
5U, 56. 
By this action the Council adopted the 
recommendations of the Committee on A.L.A. 
Reorganization except in the instance of 
the Recommendations voted to be tabled or 
filed I'v'hich the Committee in its report 
had recommended be rejected. 

On Saturday evening, January 28, 1950 a 
General Mee ting was held at which President 
Lord introduced the following librarians 




from foreign countries: Miss Mary 
Mc Bride and Miss Daphne Parkinson, 
England; Miss J. N. Waller, Melbourne, 
Australia; Mr and Mrs R. J. Immelman, 
Cape Tovm, South Africa; Mr and Mrs Juan 
Carlos Secondi, Montevideo, Uruguay; Miss 
M. Jacobson, Morvray; and Dr T. Kanamori, 
Tokyo, Japan. 

Mr Aubrey Andrevifs, Chairman of the Com- 
mittee on Field Citations for Library Re- 
cruiting, announced the winners of this 
year's awards: 

(1) The Louisiana State Library Asso- 

ciation - ;;p300. award 

(2) The Pennsylvania Library Associa- 

tion - "11)200. avrard 

(3) The Brooklyn Public Library - 

$100 . avrard 

(U) The Jefferson County, Alabama, 

Student Assistant Association - 
Honorable mention 

(5) The Kentucky Library Association - 
Honorable mention 

The main subject of the evening was 
Journeys to Libraries Abroad . Ifr Milton 
E. Lord gave an address on the world tour 
of the Tovm Hall Seminar on which most 
members of the staff have been fortunate 
enough to hear the Director speak. 

Miss Jlargaret C. Scoggin, Nathan Straus 
Branch, Nev; York Public Library, reported 
on the International Youth Library opened 
in Munich on September lit, 19li9 in a 
little castle given by the Bavarian gov- 
ernment for this purpose. The Library 
was made possible through a two-year 
grant from the Rockefeller Foundation 
which is administered by the A.L,A, and 
contributions from the German people. 
The book collection of some 8,000 volumes 
includes an exhibition of children's 
books from 23 countries. 

Dr Luther H. Evans, Librarian of 
Congress, recounted his impressions of 
foreign libraries in France, Switzerland, 
Italy, Iran, Syria, Egypt, and Mexico, 
which he has visited in the last two 
years. He spoke of the distinguished 
work of M. Cain at the Bibliotheque 
Nationale in Paris and of the notable 
contribution of Mr Edvrard Carter to the 
development of the library program of 

A joint meeting of the Public Libraries 
Division , the Library Extension Division , 
and the Trustees Division , v;as scheduled 
on the evening of Friday, January 2?. 

Dr TiToodrow Strickler, Head, Division of 
Adu].t Education, University of Louisville, 
discussed the adult education program 
jointly sponsored by the University of 
Louisville and the Louisville Public Li- 
brary, This program sponsors five neigh- 
borhood colleges, the faculty of which is 
provided by the University of Louisville 
and the classrooms, books, and facilities, 
by the Louisville Public Library. Six 
hundred individuals are now enrolled in 
these courses ranging in age from 20 to 
70 years, 80^ of whom are women. 

It" Emerson Greenaway, Enoch Pratt Free 
Library, expressed the opinion that the 
public library should not enter the field 
of formal education, unless there is no 
other agency in a community equipped to 
offer such. It is his belief that the 
practice of pure librarianship and the 
provision of informal programs is the 
library's job. 

Mrs Carma Zimmerman, Vvashington State 
Library, Olympia, the next speaker, felt 
that the library should not enter the 
educational field as long as large areas 
and numbers of people in the United States 
remain without library service. 

Mr Ralph A. Ulveling, Detroit Public 
Library, stated that he believed the 
unique contribution of the public library 
is its tailor-made service, that the li- 
brary should conduct its own positive 
programs and remain in an ancillary posi- 
tion to other institutions and programs. 
He feels that the library must find a new 
basis for measuring its work other than 
the misleading, corrupting measure of 
circulation statistics. He believes that 
standards of book selection should be 
based on the evaluation of each book as to 
the positive contribution it can make to 
the life of an individual. He believes 
that the highest type of person is needed 
in the profession, individuals with deep 
understanding of people and broad knowledge, 

E. L. W. 


The highlight of the midwinter meeting 
of the Massachusetts Library Association 
for those who have worked tirelessly to 
bring into being a ],aw providing for the 


certification of librarians in Massachu- 
setts came at the luncheon where two 
certificates were awarded by Ulr Stacy B. 
Southworth, Chairman of the Massachusetts 
Board of Free Public Library Commission- 
ers. An Honorary Certificate of Librar- 
ianship, the first to be given by the 
State of Massachusetts, was presented to 
His Honor, Paul A. Dever, Governor of the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts. This was 
followed by the presentation of the first 
Certificate of Librarianship to Mr Milton 
E. Lord, Director of the Boston Public 
Library and President of the American 
Library Association. 


and dismissing the caller courteously. 

Although Ulrs Barbara Partridge Kohler 
was a former librarian from Newton, her 
presentation, Y/hat I Look For in a Library, 
was from the point of viev; of the public. 
The two most important factors are friend- 
liness, defined as serving the public 
v;illingly and greeting the borrower by 
name, and quick assistance, defined as 
accompanying the borrovuer to the book 
stacks to find the requested book, 

Mr Edvjard C. Perry, Director of the 
Framingham Public Library, described ho\T 
An Administrator Looks at the Circulation 

The following reports of the various 
sessions of the midwinter meeting, held 
at the Copley Plaza Hotel on Thursday, 
February 9, have been prepared by cooper- 
ative members v;ho attended. 


As there vras only one question about 
circulation problems mailed to the Com- 
mittee, the Chairman, Miss Judith E. 
Stromdahl, Librarian of the ¥.'eston Public 
Library, planned the meeting in the form 
of a panel discussion with four speakers 
on Public Relations and the Circulation 

Mr Donald McCammond, Eastern Regional 
Director of the Monsanto Chemical Company, 
Everett, and a specialist in public rela- 
tions, analyzed the public's apathy 
tovfard libraries to be due to the librar- 
ians • failure to inform the public more 
about their product — books. Specific 
suggestions for attracting public atten- 
tion included talks by librarians before 
various organizations, a film service for 
adults and children, open house at the 
library on anniversaries and holidays, a 
library newsletter, and broadcasts over 
the radio and television. 

Miss Anna Griffin, Training Supervisor 
of the New England Telephone and Tele- 
graph Company, discussed Public Relations 
over the Telephone. She recommended 
talking directly in front of the mouth- 
piece, one-half inch away from the lips; 
answering the telephone promptly; giving 
a name or place identification rather 
than saying, "hello" ; explaining a delay; 
offering to take a message for an absentee 

Department . He believed that the public!-^ 
ty angle was paramount because there are 
many more people who could take advantage 
of library service. Librarians need to be 
open-minded about new experiments and to 
be pi'epared to admit mistakes. V^e will 
have to fight competition from recreation- 
al sources, if we are to maintain our 
present 35!^ of registered public. 

H. H. 


In the foyer of the main ballroom of the 
Copley Plaza Hotel some 200 people attend- 
ed the workshop on reference problems in 
college and public libraries. Conducting 
the discussion was Mr John A. Hiimphry, 
Librarian of the City Library Association 
in Springfield, assisted by Miss Ruth K. 
Porritt, Librarian of Radcliffe College. 
The tv;o leaders of the workshop brought 
before the large group present several 
interesting problems of reference work and 
explained how these problems vrere dealt 
with in their libraries. Librarians in 
the audience contributed to the discussion. 

The first question was a timely one. 
JIhat should a reference librarian do about 
contest questions? The disadvantages in- 
volved with this type of question often 
become serious, but, as Hiss Porritt 
pointed out, public relations would suffer 
if a library completely ignored contest 

While some of the larger libraries in 
the state keep records of vrork performed 
in their reference departments for budget 
purposes, it v/as evident from the discus- 
sion that among the libraries there was no 
uniform method of keeping records. The 
.Worcester Library keeps records of 


questions that involve the professional ] continued their interest in the work as 
knowledge of the reference librarian; ! pages and later as assistants. The 
they discount questions of a directional | Worcester Council for Children's Reading, 
nature. Another speaker cited the inabil-jwhich attracts parents, teachers, and all 
ity of current methods of keeping records i those concerned with the education of 
to indicate the quality as well as quant- i young people, began with a successful 
ity of reference work accomplished. j three-day Institute on Children's Reading, 
Tovrard the cl.ose of the meeting a ques-'lt has groT^-n into a strong, representative 
tion was raised concerning the policy li- ! community group which meets every month, 
brary administrators should adopt v;hen a | taking on such projects as Story telling, 
patron approaches the reference staff | Other facets of good community relations, 
with a request for special reference work | such as favorable newspaper publicity, 
and an offer of financial remuneration j individual work with delinquent boys, 
for the Yrork done. Some administrators talks to PTA and other groups, were cited 

decide such offers may be accepted and 
that the work be done outside of library 

P. M. 


Miss Marjorie B. Holman, Music Librar- 
ian at the Thomas Crane Public Library in 
Quincy, conducted the workshop on Music 
in the Public Library. The discussion 
was chiefly concerned with the problems 
of building and maintaining record col- 
lections. Problems of policy and budget- 
ing, the storage, cataloging, and re- 
placement of records and albums, vrhether 

to give practical suggestions to all the 
Children's Librarians present. 

Miss N. Dorothy Shuraaker of Nor/rood 
acted as Moderator. Participating in the 
panel were Miss Hester L. Mitchell of 
Everett, Mrs Joan M. Evans of Medford, 
Miss Charlotte S. Nye of Nevj- Bedford, Miss 
Margaret Lane of Andover, and ^ts 
Marguerite Linnehan of Worcester, 

P. W. 


The business meeting of the ?.'5,L,A, con- 
vened at 11:30 a,m. in the foyer, Mr John 
D. Kelley, Librarian of the Somerville 
"to buy long-playing records and listening iPublic Library and President of the M.L.A., 

equipment, all brought fruitful sugges- 
tions from the librarians attending, Mr 
Kelsey Swett of the Department of Audio- 
Visual Aids of the State Department of 
Education spoke briefly, emphasizing the 
function of his department in serving 

v\ras in the chair. After the meeting was 
brought to order I.Ir Kelley drew attention 
to the' fact that the association was under- 
writing the luncheon cost and consequently 
needed a full registration response. The 
minutes of the Fall meeting \Yhich was held 

librarians as vrell as teachers. The meetr-lat Svrampscott were read by the Secretary, 
ing concluded vdth the showing of Arturo Miss Charlotte K. Bausman, and approved as 

Toscanini's film, "Hymn of the Nations." 

S « R. 


At the overflow meeting of the Round 
Table of Children's Librarians there was 
a lively panel discussion on "Community 
Relations". The wide range of cooperative 
activities i\'ith the schools was stressed. 
One library has parties for first graders 
(with their mothers) to introduce them to 
their books and to give them their first 
cards, as vrell as to play, sing, and eat 
together. Instruction to Scout Troops 
for Merit and Service Badges have in turn 
benefited the library when scouts have 

read. The President called for tvro minutes 
of silence in memory of two members who had 
died since the last meeting: - Mr Edward 
H. Redstone, Boston Public Library, and 
lir Donald K. Campbell, Haverhill Public 
Library. Mr Harold Woorster, Newton, drew 
to the attention of the meeting, the pas- 
sing of Mrs Bertha V. Hartzell, Boston 
Public Library, 

Miss Louise Day, Lynn, Vice President 
and President elect of the M.L.A. and 
Chairman of the Program Committee, an- 
nounced that the Spring meeting will be 
held in Worcester on T/ednesday, May 17, 

Miss Genevieve Boisclair of the Division 
of Public Libraries announced that the 
spplications for certificates v;ere receisring 


attention and that those received had 
been reviewed and certificates were in 
the mail. 

J.Ir John A. Humphry, Springfield, re- 
ported for the Librarians Coancil on 
World Affairs, a twelve-member organiza- 
tion dedicated to better publicity on 
world affairs in libraries. 

Hiss Gertrude Callahan, Quincy, Chair- 
man of the Constitution Committee, re- 
ported on several changes in the By-Lav;s. 
These are to be given in detail in the 
next issue of the I'/ELA Bulletin . 

Mr Thurston Taylor, lYorcester, reported 
on the progress of the Library Demonstra- 
tion Bill which is nov; before the Rules 
Committee in the House of Representatives. 

The President announced that one hundred 
dollars per year for the next tvro years 
had been voted by the Executive Board for 
the Washington Office. 

Miss Edna Phillips, Norvrood, reported 
for the Pioneer Librarians ' Group on a 
study made concerning libraries as part 
of community surveys m.ade by non-library 
agencies. Several recommendations vrere 
read by Miss Phillips and the following 
resolution was approved: "That the pres- 
ident appoint a committee to study these 
recommendations and make contact v;ith 
survey agencies to present library 

The Education Committee, formerly head- 
ed by }'t Arthur Parsons, Jr., Brockton, 
announced that an anonymous donor had 
given a two hundred dollar scholarship to 
be avrarded this Spring to the most de- 
serving pupil from any public, private, 
or parochial school in Massachusetts v.'ho 
is interested in continuing scholastic 
training with librarianship as the ulti- 
mate goal. It was suggested the librar- 
ian should be more alert in "selling" 
their advantages to potential library I 
science students as they visit local high; 
schools. I 

The meeting adjourned at 12 noon. , 

E. G. P. 


"Literary experiences of the past sum- 
mer in England" was the subject of a de- 
lightfully informal talk by Dr Joseph S. 
G. Bolton of Skidmore College, The long 
queues everywhere impressed Dr Bolton as 

typical of English patience and love of 
fair play. He also noted the instinctive 
respect of the British for law and order. 
As the speaker humorously remarked, he and 
llrs Bolton thoroughly and uncritically en- 
joyed England for after a wait of thirty 
years for their visit, they "could not af- 
ford to be disappointed". Travelling 
simply without elaborate plans or reserva- 
tions, they made many new friends for even 
London in spite of its size has kept the 
friendliness of a small town. The chil- 
dren seemed healthy, well-fed, and well- 
behaved although their parents seemed 
half starved and shabby. Visits to Bolton 
Abbey and their search for the two English 
birds of li.terature, the skylark and the 
nightingale, were delightfully described. 
In closing Dr Bolton paid a heartfelt 
tribute to librarians as the "guardians 
of vronderland" by saying, "Card catalogs 
are for neat tidy people but librarians 
are made for people like me." 

D. F. N. 


At the afternoon session, Jlr Mark vras introduced to the membership 
as "a friend of libraries". Mr Bortman 
said that librarians are one of the most 
"underestimated and underprivileged 
groups" in America today, and that this 
situation is due partly to the absence of 
good public relations work and partly to 
the complacency of librarians themselves 
— "the squeaking wheel gets the grease". 
Mr Bortman visited libraries in Russia 
last and observed the manner in 
which the Russians are building up their 
libraries as a propaganda vreapon, under 
the guise of culture and education, be- 
cause they appreciate the povrer and influ- 
ence v/hich may be exerted upon a community 
by a library. 

The greatest field ahead for libraries 
in America is in the large group of col- 
lege graduates who do not use libraries 
because it is not fashionable to do so. 
In this atomic age there is bound to 
develop a much greater demand upon librar- 
ies for technical books, and the business- 
man will become more dependent upon li- 
braries as a result of the increasing com- 
plexities of carrying on national and in- 
ternational trade. Mr Bortman feels that 


another depression is bound to come and 
that when it does cone, people vfill turn 
to libraries as they did during the last 
business depression. Today's television 
programs are for the most part so poor 
that people are only too glad to have the 
company of a good book. 

Because they represent a guide without 
pressure, librarians are the greatest 
force for potential education on a volun- 
tary basis in the community. 


Mr Orville Prescott, Daily Book Critic 
for the Neiv York Times , whose subject was 
printed on the prorram as "Fashions in 
Books", told his audience that he felt 
they knew all about this subject and that 
he preferred to speak instead on criti- 
cism and the practice of it. IJbr Prescott 
writes four out of the six daily book 
columns in the Nevf York Time s. To reach 
a decision as to what book should be re- 
vievred in the column, there are eliminated 
first, drug store novels, highly technical 
books, and authors whose previous books 
have been rejected. The dozen or so 
books remaining are divided into books of 
news importanre, books of probable liter- 
ary merit, and books whose subject matter 
happens to interest Mr Prescott. 

Mr Prescott spends half of each week 
reading books at his home in the country, 
and half the week at his New York office 
handling mail, callers, and the various 
pressures virhich are inevitably brought 
to bear upon ^i book reviewer. He said 
that a good book deserves the time it 
requires to read it; that no fiction re- 
view should ever give an outline of the 
plot J that publishers* cocktail parties 
for authors feed an author's vanity but 
have no value to the publisher; and that 
authors are "dedicated" rather than nor- 
mal people bepause success in vo-iting is 
on such a precarious basis. He feels 
that book critics, by keeping books alive, 
are useful. 


Since January 5, 19^0, upwards of a 
hundred older people have been meeting 

each Thursday afternoon at two o'clock in 
the Lecture Hall of the Central Library, 
Knovm as the Never Too Late Group , these 
men and vromen have planned a series of 
programs which include discussions of 
changing w^orld conditions; new opportuni- 
ties available to older people for serv- 
ice, employment, and civic usefulness; 
and other problems of particular interest 
to mentally-alert older people. There are 
frequent film shov/ings, and lectures by 
prominent speakers. All people interested 
in such a program are cordially invited 
to these meetings, 



Tvro issues of the City Recor d (February 
11 and February 18) are to carry adver- 
tisements for proposals for the erection 
and completion of the new branch library 
on Adams Street, Dorchester. Bids from 
Sub-contr-actors will be due by 12 o'clock 
noon February 28, 1950 _, and from General 
Contractors by 12 o'clock noon March 2, 



Janeway, Elizabeth 

The question of Gregory 

Garden City, N. Y. , Doubleday, 191+9 


Los Angeles. Bureau of Budget and Effi- 


Organization, administration and man- 
agement of the Los Angeles Public Li- 
brary. Vols. 1-2 and [i-6. 
Los Angeles, 191+8-U9. 
Vol. 1. General service factors 
Vol, 2. Objectives of the library: 

Appraisal of the book collections 
Volo h' Extension service for adults 
Vole 5» Extension service for youth 
Vol. 6, Extension service requirements 

Wight ^ Edward A, 

Connecticut Library survey 
Hartford, I9I48 

A complete file of The Question Mark 

bo\ind annually^ may be found in the Staff 




The v/eekond of January 28 davmcd gray- 
indeed for the staff of the South Boston 
Branch Library -- and rapidly grev; darker 
and noisier. Saturday, January 28, v.'as 
the last day of service to the public in 
the quarters occupied by the Branch Lib- 
rary since I'hy 1, 1872, but the fcv.'- v-ho 
dared to push their vm.y past the men pack- 
ing books soon hastened out, routed by tho 

The staff , -who S3 bra ins nearly burst from 
confusion on Saturday, really did go 
crazy on Monday, whon/^the removal of books 
and furnitviro v/as added to the hammering 
of carpenters dismantling shelves. Faith- 
ful members of the public still Vin:xndered 
in, some trying to return books, others 
completely unmindful of tho closing, in 
spite of signs conspicuously posted and 
ne^7spapcr notices. Bctv.'CGn tactfully 
clearing the Library of these people and 
answering phone calls from still others, 
the staff tried to close the Branch Lib- 
rary records and do it correctly, 

T'JO forlorn staff members still survived 
the next day, when a T^gird noise made its 
presence felt as \to11 as heard. Blasting 
from the floor bclov; v/as the last strav;, 
Yixth the book collection removed and most 
of the furniture, the Branch Librarian 
and the First Assistant beat a hasty 
retreat to Central Library, 

This period of darkness, however, is 
past. The horizon is bright v/ith the 
promise of a nev; South Boston Branch Lib- 
rary, Only three doors from tho old 
building, the ncvr location is at street 
level and will be ready some time in 
March 1950, I, T, 


Beginning February 13th, and continuing 
through February 18th, from 9 a.m., to 
6 p,m, , the Boston Public Library has its 
first Bookmobile on display on the Boston 
Common, opposite '''[est Street, 

Beginning Jlonday, February 20th, the 
Boston Public Library vdll offer library 
service through its Bookmobile to resident 
of Boston living far from library build- 
ings — a service by means of v;hich indi- 
viduals may choose books for home r wading 
from a 3,500_volume library- on -wheels — 
divided almost equally bo ..ween titles for 
ai^.ults aad for children, A Boston Public 

Library card will entitle the holder to 
all the privileges that a stationary 
library grants o 

The new library-on-\7hcols consists of a 
General Motor Company chassis, 26 feet by 
8 feet, the body being a school bus type 
constructed to specifications of the Lib- 
rary by the Gcrstenslager Company of 
Hooster, Ohio, It is equipped for inside 
and outsido book service depending upon 
the v/eathcr, 

Tvj-o seats at the front convert into ser- 
vice facilities for the discharge of books 
and registration activities. Another seat 
and a desk at the rear exit vrill be used 
for charging books. Bulletin boards, a 
magazine reck, and supply closets are all 
provided. The unit is insulated rjid 
thermostatically heated; has safety glass, 
fluorescent lighting and steel shelving. 
The Boolonobilc will be serviced by members 
of the Boston Public Library staff. 

A simple inauguration ceremony took 
place in front of the Boolanobile on Boston 
Common on Monday, February 13, at 2:30 p.m,, 
v/hen His Honor John B, Hyncs officially 
announced Boolonobile service to the city. 
The Library was represented by three 
Trustees, I* Frank ""T, Buxton, President of 
the Board, Reverend Robert H, Lord, and 
?r Francis Bo Ifrsterson, and by the 
Director, Fr Milton E. Lord, 


On February first the planning of Centra^ 
Library exhibits v;as transferred to the 
Director's Office, Eventually it is ex- 
pected that all exhibits wdthin the Lib- 
rary system v;ill be coordinated under the 
new arrangement. In tho beginning, empha- 
sis is to be placed on getting new material 
every two or three weeks into the new 
bronze-framed cases (described in previous 
issues of th e Question M-rk ) which are in 
the front lobby, 

llr Thomas J, Manning, formerly of the 
patent Room, is in charge of these exhibits 

nd he reports that much "help" has been 
offered 5 both by members of the strff and 
by unidentified members of the public, 
from the time he opened the first glass 
door until the last item v.^as put into 
position. He had difficulty keeping some 


of the more enthusiastic children from arranged. The artists were s Mildred E, 
practically climbing into the open cases. iKravitz, cellist., Flora Roussos, raozzo~ 
In spite of his "helpers", he has m.anaged isopranc, and Pauline Snricr, cxocompanist, 
to set up one of the most attractive dis- j 
plays the Library has had in a long timea 
Washingtoniana in two cases. Fifty Great 
Books of 1949 and children's books show- 
ing fine illustrations by French artists 
in the other two cases* Strategically 
placed as these displays are, they should 
stimulate much reader interesto 


On Tuesday evening, January 31, 1950, 
the nevdy-reorganized Quarter Century Club 
honored the Trustees of the Library at a 
dinner held in the DoLie Room at the Hotel 
Lenox, Som.e h\mdred members of the Club 
and their friends were present. At the 
head table were the three guests of the 
evening, lit Fronlc ?r» Buxton, ¥r Francis "'.'a 


Beverly Hills - California - Crestview 

January 15, 1950 

Masterson, rnd ¥t Lee Friedmrji. Reverend 

Robert H. Lord and Judge Frank Donahue wer^entally. Finally", I abandoned my library 

Mps» llhry K. Harris- 
Thank you for your kind invitation to 
attend the Library Dinner on January 31st, 

Unfortunately, Portland and I arc out 
here in HolljATOod. Since we will be work- 
ing here until late in February there is 
no possible way v-e can join you in the 
calorie destruction and tribute to the 
Board of Trustees, 

My part in the rise of the Boston Public 
Library as and institution vra.s a meagre 
one. ^ carried hundreds of books into 
Bates Hall and I carried them back to the 
Stacks, I was so busy carrying books that 
I had no time to open them and expand 

unable to attend. There were also seated 

at the head table llir George '^'■c Gallagher, 

President of the Club, Mrs Francis TT-j 

Masterson, Mr Milton Eo Lord, Director, 

}t Orlando C, Davis, J'irs Ada A» /aidelman, 

Jfrs Mary K. Harris, Miss Bessie L. Doherty,,t ime available to" acccpt~your call to 

and Miss Fanny Goldstein. [appear among my former associates ivith 

In the course of the evening the three intent to make merry. 
Trustees spoke in turn, each v/irjiing from You can appreciate my anguish as I p. 
those present a warm appreciation of their jyo^ my regrets, 
delightful styles of address and of their I 

messages of cooperation and understanding ' Fred Allen 

of the problems of the Library, His Honors 

the Mayor, John B, Hynos, arrived shortly ■^?^*°^'!,.^°*^L_!^f^;:^L.'^°^'^S!-'^r." 
after 10:00 p,m, and spoke of his appre- 

jchoros and entered the theatre where learn- 
ing vp.s of small import. As a !:oron, I 
have thrived* 

ifed I remained at the library I \vould novr 
be a mental giant, living in Boston vdth 

oiation of length of public service* He 
also spoke of certain pressing problems, 
and mentioned the fact that the Library 
budget had had a substantial sum restored 
to it only that afternoon, after a con- 
ference with the Director, 

Other speakers of the evening irncluded 
Mr Lord, Mrs Harris, lliss Doherty, and 
Miss Goldstein, Mrs Harris read a letter 
from Fred Allen (quoted belov;) — penned.,' . 
not typed, in his ov/n inimitable style. 
Miss Doherty reminisced of her early days 
in the Library when lights were still a 
problem. Despite interruptions by a liayor 
a mouse, and a cat. Miss Goldstein intro- 
duced the musical program which she had 

should the letter be addc*d to the Library's 
manuscript collection? 


A question - well jvst a bit scary - 

And not in the least literary 

Has got us all guessing - 

"^ith shivers depressing - 

Of the action which bro^ight dovn the 

At the Trustees' fine party 
"".Tiere-v/c'd planned to eat hearty ~ 
"•Could you tell if t'v/ss 
Or t'vras not 



B.F.L.E.B.A .^ Inc. V A LENTn^ PARTY 

The Boston Public Library Employees 
Benefit -Association, Inc., held a Valen- 
tine Dance and 'tThist Party in the Lecture 
Hall of the Central Library on Saturday 
evening, February 11 ^ 1950. There vrerc 
more than tr/o hundred members and friends 
present, ¥r Francis ??« Masterson and 
Mir and I'irs Lord were the honored guests. 

By request there vras a session of 
"square dancing" with ¥r Lord as "caller"o 

The door prize was won by Miss Joan 
Lockyer, guest of Miss Mary E. Lyons of 
the Information Office. 

Chances were sold on a Symphonic tri- 
omatic record player and the winner was 
Miss Elizabeth B, Boudreau of the Infor- 
mation Office. 

All Departments and Branch Libraries 
donated prizes so that every other vrhist 
player was a winner. Topping all this 
Ydth the good music of Frankie Myers and 
his orchestra, the evening vra.s f-un for 

F. P. B. 


Jamaica Plain 

The" Great Books Discussion Group has 
this year had a chance to gather a number 
of pei'sons together vrho represent the 
American people. They are of all re- 
ligious beliefs, all ages from twenty to 
seventy-five, all valks of life, a laivyer^ 
an insurance agent, a typist, a nurse, 
several mothers of families, a social 
worker, a store manager, an accountant, 
an optometrist, an engineer and a retired 
business man. These hardworking people, 
with their responsibilities, families to 
raise, parents to help, with all the joys, 
sorrows, ambitions, and set-backs common 
to all of us have still managed to find 
time to read the parts of the works 
requisite to joining the Great Books dis- 
cussions and their conclusions are these: 
"I never realized what fun this could bei^' 
"Ten o'clock comes too soon; we could 
argue on this all night", and, on the 
really constructive side, "These men 
really had something, didn't they?" 
These remarks have come at the end of 
tvro hour's of talks on the books under 
discussion - None v/ere tired - none wa.ntec. 
to go home. 

Agreement has never characterized the 
meetings; with people of such varying 
temperaments, different backgrovmds and 
outlooks, arguments were hot and heo.vy 
but - and a large but - these individuals, 
many of v/hom had never seen one another 
before, became so friendly toward one 
another that they are novr plojnning a 
social night sfhere we can just talk about 
everything that popped up during the year 
and incidentally fling a fevr questions at 
us, the co-leaders J J'irs Evelyn Green and 
Miss Mary Louise Oilman. 

An interesting collection of Chinese art 
is on display as this is the time vrhen 
the Chinese people ggigbrate the New Year 
vfith all the trappings of paper lanterns, 
fire crackers, and feasts. The Library 
has been lent the articles on display by 
institutions and friends in the neighbor- 

This exhibit is to honor I'r , Jan Qucn 
and associates, residents of Jamaica Plain, 
and friends of the Library^ They contri- 
buted to a fund ivith which appropriate 
books have been selected by TJiss Rcbocca 
E.- .dllis. Branch Librarian. 

Chinese story hours were held on Friday 
afternoon, January ?7 , and ".'cdncsday 
afternoon, February 1, at 3;30 in the 
Children's Room. 

A Chinese tea is planned for "'tonday 
eveninr, February 20, at 8 o'clock, ^'^r, 
David Tung, Executive Director of the 
Chinese Y on Tyler Street, will speak on 
Chinese customs. Friends arc invited. 

Jeffries Point 

The Br"anch Library is actively partici- 
patiug in the formation of a Recreational 
Service Committee. All agencies in the 
district — neighborhood houses, schools, 
churches, and the library -- arc v'orking 
together to study the existing services, 
to effect whatever changes seem necessary, 
and t o encourage cooperation among groups 
working in the field of recreation. Jonthly 
'meetings are plannod, and it is hoped tha.t 
this opportunity for the cxcrange of plans 
and progr'^ms, and •the resultant coordinated 
efforts, mil bo of mutual benefit to the 
young people of this community, and to 
those working vdththcm. 


North End 

Brotherhood Woc-k r.nd Cr-tholic Book ''Yeek 
will be observed from February 19 through 
25. Classes from the Christopher ColumbuE 
High School, St. Anthony's School, and St 
John's School ■'■^111 come to the Library to 
sec "The Eternal City," a film from the 
Boston Public Library Film Collection. 
Pupils and tc.ohers are enthusiastically 
anticipating this film v;hich is a Holy 
Year Pilgrimage to Rome. In it one sees 
all the landmr.rks that the pilgrims will 
visit, the ancient as vrcll as the modern 
city, the many beautiful churches, and, but not least, the Vatican itself, 
Reading listf appropriate to the various 
grades have been prepared for distribu- 

The Worth End Girls' Reading Club will 
hold its February meeting on Fonday the 
21st. Hiss Josephine Greco, a Junior at 
Lesley College, vail tell the girls about 
her rccc-nt visit to the United Nations, 
She has many photographs with xvhich to 
illustrate her talk. On the same program 

The musical portion of the program will be 
under the direction of Dr, TTilliam H. 
Rhodes. ¥<r . Herbert Jackson, president of 
the Maiden City Council, v.dll be the Master 
of Ceremonies, A reception v,i 11 follow. 

The highlight of the exhibition "All roads 
lead to Rome" vrill be a replica of the 15th 
Century statue of Saint Peter from the high 
altar of Saint Peter's Cathedral, Rome, en- 
throned on the Apostolic Chair, lent by 
!'onscigncur Edward Go Murray, and climaxes 
the large exhibition comiiie orating Catholic 
Book .cck, February 19th through 2v5th. The 
St, Joseph's parochial school, as a part of 
the commemoration, vdll run as essay con- 
test on "I/^r Imaginary Pilgrirage to Rome," 
The judges are Rev, Francis P, Moran, edi- 
tor of The Pilot , i'lrs, Phillip J. Mcliff, 
Cambridge literary critic; and irs. Dorothy 
G. 'Yayman, Boston Globe v/riter. 

Miss Fanny Goldstein will conduct a tour 
of continental libraries late this summer. 
For previous experience in conducting 

Miss Rose Durante, a Junior at Boston 
Teachers' College, vail comment on her 
first attendance at an opera, the San 
Carlo's Carmen. Both of these girls arc 
Club members. There vdll also be brief 
book revicv/s. 

Sou th End 

The South End children have made valen- 
tines of original designs under the super- 
vision of Miss Martha Englcr and Mrs. Anna 
Shanor, The valentines have been sent to 
the Benjamin Franklin Library in Mexico 
City in return for the hajid-mado Christmas 
cards that the T'fcxican children sent at 
Christmas time, 

^'fest End 

library tours and her professional contacts 
?.broad should insure a most interesting and 
profitable trip for every member of the 
tour, ^re you an interested traveller? 
If so, contact Miss Goldsteini 

West Roxbury 

Last month in cooperation with the Inter- 
national Relations Committee of the 'est 
Roxbury '"'Oman's Club, the Library sponsored 
a most successful progrrm on the subject of 
Displaced Persons, The film Tomorrow's a 

v/onderful day v;as shov/n. It tells the story 

Negro History ''"'cck, February 11th 
through February 18th, is being observed 
in grand style. An exhibition of litho- 
graphs of the works of the Boston Negro 
artist, John "Vilson, and the Framingham 
sculptress, I'irs. Solomon Fuller, vdll be 
featured. Books and other Negro picturoE 
are an important part of the observance, 
Saturday evening, February 18th, Miss 
Shirley Graham, author of The Story of 
Phyllis ''"heatly, Your Humble Servant and 

of a fifteen-year-old Jcvash boy, a former 
concentration camp inmate, from the day of 
his arrival in r Children's Village in 
Israel to the time of his complete rehabili- 
tation through the guidance and love of the 
leaders. The picture, which ^vas of far 
va der significance than the of one boy 
or one people, created a.n av;aroncss of the 
need of the mass of displaced humanity in 
Europe and our responsibility toward thcm^ 
both there and in our ovm country. The Re , 
ITilliaim J, Hamilton, minister of the ^'.'est 
Roxbury Gongregrti onal Church, who has had 
experience both in his church and home with 
this problem, v/as the speaker. He made 
suggestions rs to the practical handling of 
the situations involved and as to the atti- 
tude to be adopted. The reality of the 

other books v;ill be chief speaker at the 

Negro History \cek Program, Her topic 

will be "The Negro in American Litoraturc'.'^^oblem to the community was emphasized by 


the presence of a Latvian mother, nov; re- 
siding in West Rozbury vrith her throe 
children, who ansvrarcd from the audience. 

During the month of February there arc 
on display miniature books borrowed from 
the collection of Miss Edith Gucrricr, 

special interest arc the Koran in locket 
form and the chained book on its lectern. 
In the case in the Young People's Room a 
book of facsimile pages from the Guten- 
berg Biblp is opened to the Tvranty-Third 
Psalm and in contrast to it a miniature 
Bible is opened at the same selection. 
Illustrated books of Bible stories and the 
life of Gutenberg complete the exhibit. 


Trustees* Office 

On Friday, Fobruxry 10, the staff of the 
Trustees' Office honored Mrs, Isabellc M, 
Lcen at a luncheon in the Tov.ti Room at the 
Copley Plaza Hotel, 


An elderly gentleman complained that the 
radio on the X-ray truck outside the News- 
paper Room made so much noise that he v;as 
unable to read his paper. "Moreover," he 
added, "the men in that room all keep their 
hats on, I never saw anything like it." 

Another mr.n suggested that the Library 
have a fev; cat o' nine tails growing by 
the pool "to break up the monotony," 

A very charming woman said; "I am de- '" 
lighted v.'ith the courtesy of the Boston 
people , They may talk of Southern hospi- 
tality — it can't beat Boston graciouF- 


A midf'le-aged i-oman asked: "'"."hat happen 
ed to the lions that used to be out in 
front of the Library? ' I had my picture 
i^aken in front of them." The attendant 
tried to explain that the lions had always 
been on the stairs inside the Library, but 
was interrupted, "^^'ell, I knov; what I am 
talking about. They gave them to the New 
York Public Library. The Nevi York libra- 

rian told me so. I'll bring the picture 
dovci here to prove that I am right." 

A young lady vaguely inquired for books 
on economics. Further questioning revealed 
that she had been asked to -rite a paper 
on "How to select the proper foods." 
• * 

Another young Irdy wished to know if the 
Library bought antiques, "You see, I have 
some very lovely ones which I made myself," 
she added. 



Any Contribution to the Soap Box must j 
be acci?mpanied by the full name of the _ \ 
Association member submitting it, togeth-| 
er with the \name of the Branch Library, 
_Department, or Office in which he or she 
is employed. The name is withheld from 
publication, or a pen name used, if the 
contributor so requests. Anonymous con- 
tributions are not given consideration. 
The author of the article is known only 
to the contributor and to the Editor-in- 
Chief. The contents of articles appear- 
ing in the Soap Box are personal opinions 
expressed by individual Association mem- 
bers and their appearance does not nec- 
"essarily indicate that the Publications 
Committee and the Association are in 
agreement with the viev/s expressedo 

Editor's Wote : In order that any mis- 
understanding mth regard to unsigned 
articles appearing in the Soap Bo x may be 
cleared up, the rules governing accept- 
ance of articles ■I'.'ill be stated in each 
issue of The Question Mark . These rules 
have been adhered to rigidly in all issues 
comprising Volumes 2 to i;, inclusive. 
It is assumed that the first Editor-in- 
Chief, under whom the Soap Box came into 
being, abided by the same rules in Voliome 
1. Since she is now in Europe, this 
statement cannot be checked in time for 
the February 19^0 issue. 

The subway stairs have got my breath 
These extra yards will be my death. 

The things I carry weigh half a ton 
They'll gain three more before I'm done 

And a lazy tide of early birds will flow 
The corridor — opposite to the way I go. 

The City would not lose a cent 
If the harsh ruling they's relent 

For Cerberus stands there marking time 
The last ten minutes before nine I 

It's gotten so I pray for rain 

That I may those extra minutes gain ... . 

The gates of heaven now closed to me 
Could precious minutes save, you see.' 


ViT and Ifrs Ralph J. Doucette have an- 
nounced the birth of a son, John Joseph, 
on February 13, 19^0. l!irs Doucette is 
the former Alice Ilorley of the Business 


Editor's Note: 


The gates of heaven are closed to me 
Though through the bars a glimpse I see 
Of almost-nine activity. 

I left my home in ample time 
To reach my desk ahead of nine 

But the WHk has endearing vrays 

Of finding new methods to spoil my days 

For to my boss, should I be late 
To write a letter is my fate 

Explaining how and v^hen and why 

As though a child in school were I. 

A shorter route exists, alas. 

If through those portals I might pass. 

In the interest of economy — paper, hand- 
ling, postage — the Publications Committee 
is now using both sides of each sheet of 
paper (T^dth the exception of the inside 
of the front cover). Before the March 
issue appears, vre shall have acquired 
heavier paper and a quicker drying ink. 


Officers and Standing Coiranittees, 1950 

Vice President 
Corresponding Secretary 
Recording Secretary 

Edna G, Peck 
Ruth S. Cannell 
!ferie J» Pineo 
Julia M. Manning 
Charles J, Gillis 

The Executive Board 

Charles L. Higgins 

Ifery M. licDonough 

Louisa S» Metcalf 
ISirgaret Ao rsorgan 

Standing Committees 

Const itution 

Louis Polishook, Chairman 

Elizabeth G, Barry 

Ent c r tainmen t 

Lary A, Hackctt, Chairman 
Lillian M. Belzer 
fery 0«Gb Cahill 
Margaret A, Calnan 
Duilia Capobiajico 
M» Gertrude Chipman 
G, Florence Connolly 
Mary F, Daly 
Marie R» Kennedy 
Emelia M» Lcjige 
Ethel L. O'Brien 
Joyce C» Rylandor 

Helen Savc.kian 

McT bcrship and H o s pitality 
Po.ulino ■'.Vinnick, Chairman 
Anne E© Armstrong 
Jennie M» Fe:.nino 
J,"ary Golden 
llcy C, McDonald 
Mrs Julia Jo Miller 

Men*s House 

Sidney Woinberg, Chairman 

Matthov/ P, Gallagher 
Arthur VT, Jfulloney 

'Yi-s~^eraldino S, Horrick, Chairman 
Mrs Dorothy M« Lovctt 
Louis Rains 
Mrs Beryl Y« Robinson 
Gladys R. YiTiite 

Science and Technology Department 
(Patent Room) 
Statistical Department 

Parker Hill Branch Library 
Rosl.lndale Branch Library 
Book Purchasing D(?partmcnt 
Connelly Branch Library 
East Boston Branch Library 
Book Stack Service 
Fine Arts Deppj-tirent 
Statistical Deprrcment 
Ift, Bowdor.n Branch Library 
General Rorcrencc Department 
Book Stack Service 
Office of Chief Librarian 
Reference Division 
Information Office 

Codman Square Branch Library 
Young People's Room 
East Boston Branch Library 
Mattapan Branch Library 
School Issue Depo.rtment 
Mts Bowdoin Branch Library 

Science and Technology Department 
(Patent Room) 
History Department 
Statistical Department 

Nor+h End Branch Library 
Kitotcin Business Branch 
Gen-cal Reference Department 
East Bos-con Branch Library 
Mtc Pleasant Branch Library 


Sarcih M. Ushor, Chairmou 

midred R, Adclson 

John M. Carroll 

Eleanor Di Giarinantonio 

Mrs Dorothy Brackett Ekstrom 

Staff Library 

Esther J, Leonard, Chairman 
Harry Andrews 
Arthur '■,"• I'lulloney 
Ollie J. Partridge 
Gilda 0. Rossetti 
I'loorfield Storey, Jr» 

Office of Records, Files and 


Jamaica Plain Branch Library 
General Reference Department 
Kirstoin BusincBs Branch 
City Point Branch Library 

Teachers Department 
Branch Issue Department 
Statistical Department 
Open Shelf Department 
Kirstein Business Branch 
Rare Book Department 

■VyoTien's House 

E.-S I/Largar'et D» Butler, Chairman 

Josephine M, Dcluca 

Marion H, Dowling 

Eleanor F. Halligan 

I'irs Mary B, Murphy 

Sheila '7, Pierce 

Fiinna Steinberg 

Periodical Department 
Registration Department 
Fine Iwts Department 
Statistical Department 
Teachers Department 
Book Stack Service 
Cataloging and Classification 
DepartiTieat, Reference Division 


Samuel Green 
Aaron A» Starr 

Special Committees 

Business Office 
Business Office 


Helen L. Lambert, Chairman 
Doris W« French 
J,1rs Florence K. Goodman 
l!rs Bertha Kesvdck 

Uphams Corner Branch Library 
School Issue Department 
Ifettapan Branch Library 
Branch Issue Department 


Pauline A, ''"felker. Chairman 
Jilrs Geraldine T» Beck 
Bradford M.Hill 

Evelyn Levy 

M. Catherine Robbins 

TYest Roxbury Branch Library 
Connolly Branch Library 
Periodical and Nevispaper Depart- 

Brighton Branch Library 
Director's Office 

Personnel Service Rat ings 

" Alice E» Hacbstt, Chairman 

Marie T. Cronin 
Dorothy P, Shav; 
Gladys R, "'Yhite 

Cataloging and Classification 

Department, Reference Division 
West Roxbury Branch Library 
Pcriocial Department 
Mt. Pleasant Branch Library 


Anne L. Moore, Chairman 
Mrs Elaine E, Kimmelman 
Mildred R. Somes 

Open Sholf Department 

Rare Book Department 

Book Preparation Department 

IT— Jf 

, Ln 

I .i 


"^i! /^\ P [KC ^ A 

l^y--- '-■... .... ■ \ ^1 ^^^ 





Published by the Boston Public Library Professional Staff Association 
Volume V, Number 3 March 19^0 

Publications Committee; 

Mildred R. Adelson, John M. Carroll, Eleanor DiGiannantonio, 
M. Dorothy Brackett Ekstrom, Sarah M. Usher, Chairman 

Publication date 
The fifteenth of each month 

Deadline for submitting material ; 
The tenth of each month 


"The staff has always been instructed 
to extend every courtesy to the Public. 
Why isn't this same courtesy extended to 
the staff by Branch Librarians and Chiefs 
of Departments? I believe it is courteous 
to greet members of the staff in the morn- 
ing and to say a word of farewell when | 3-page bulletin, without cover, in March 
they are leaving instead of brushing past -^^i^(^^ ^^ reached an all-time "long" of 28 


"The time has come," the Walrus said, 

"To think of many things." 

With the Publications Committee, it is 
time to consider the length of each issue 
of The Question Mark. Beginning with a 

them without a word. I believe if this 
were corrected, it would create a more 
harmonious feeling among staffs." 

This is in essence a question submitted 
by a staff member and read at the March 
staff meetings. To those in the Officer 
Group — or in any other group, for that 
matter — it is food for thought. Obvi- 
ously there is in an executive position 
in our system at least one individual who 
apparently does not practice toward those 
on his, or her, staff the simplest cour- 
tesy — a greeting at first meeting in 
the day and a Avord of farewell at the 
.close of the day; else, there would have 
been no such question asked. If one, 
then how many more staff members have this 
same failing? 

It behooves all of us, in whatever posi- 
tion we find ourselves, to re-examine our 
attitude toward our fellow workers and to 
make sure that we treat them courteously 
at all times and in all situations. There 
should be no double standards of courtesy. 
All human beings as individuals should be 
treated with the same degree of courtesy, 
whether they be staff members or members 
of the Public. 

In the August issue of The Question Mark 

pages, plus cover, in February 1950. We 

there appeared some stanzas on the value 
of a smile. Reread them] Maybe the win- 
ter winds have chilled your face into a 
rigid scowl. Don't let it become perma- 
nent. "Good Morning" — or "Good Night"— 
with a smile, requires very little effort; 
almost no time; and does not cost a cent. 
Yet, as the questioner concludes, it makes 
for harmony and helps boost morale. 

feel that this reflects interest and en- 
thusiasm on the part of the staff. 
We are continuing to assume that: 

1. that you viant a monthly staff paper, 
appearing regularly on a stated date; 

2. that you vrant information on profes- 
sional meetings and publications; 

3. that you want to know what is happen- 
ing professionally and socially in 
other branch libraries, departments, 
and offices, and among our alumnae; 

U. that you want a Soap Box . 

However, to accomplish all these, we 
must re-enlist your aid. We suggest that 
you consider everything you submit from 
three points of view; 

1. Is it of real interest to other mem- 
bers of the staff? 

2. Have I made it as short as I can, con- 
sistent with accuracy? 

3. Will it reach the Editor by the tenth 
of the month? 

If the answer to all three questions is 
"Yes", send the contribution along. We 
shall strive to include all that vre re- 
ceive as fully as possible. 

Vife bespeak your thoughtful cooperation. 



New Staff Members 

Miss Ingrid E. Kyler, Fine Arts Depart- 

Miss Gloria E. Oxraan, Book Stack Serv- 

Mr Louis R. O'Halloran, Cataloging and 
Classification Department, Circulation 

IJir Robert T. Smart, Kirstein Business 
Branch, llr Smart was formerly a part- 
time employee at the School Issue Depart- 

Miss Claire C. Spellraan, Book Stack 


Mr Sidney Vfeinberg, General Reference 
Department, to Science and Technology 
Department (Patent Room), 


Miss Anne P. Connors, Assistant at 
Charlestovm Branch Library, to lJ\r James 
T. Kearney of Dorchester. July 1, 193^0 
has been set as the wedding date. 

Miss Janet Rabinovitz, Extra Assistant 
in the Open Shelf Department, to Ivlr 
Sidney F. Quint of Dorchester, 


Miss Fannie C. Wong, Upharas Corner 
Branch Library, was married on February 
20, 1950, to Mr George F. Chung. 


Miss Martha R. Herman, Charlestovm 
Branch Library. 

Mr Robert J. Garner, Rare Book Depart- 


Miss Anne Armstrong, Assistant, Young 
People's Room, Miss Catherine E. Flannery, 
Branch Librarian, Orient Heights Branch 
Library, Mrs Mary K. Harris, Branch Li- 
brarian, Charlestown Branch Library, 
Miss Anna Manning, Chief of the Teachers 
Department, and Miss Mary Louise Oilman, 
Children's Librarian, Lower Mills Branch 
Library, were members of the Catholic 

Book Heek Committee for the New England 
Unit of the Catholic Library Association, 

Mr Edward X. Casey, Cataloging and 
Classification Department, Reference Divi- 
sion, is serving on the Nominating Commit- 
tee of the Boston Regional Group of Cata- 
logers and Classifiers. 

Mrs Sarah Vif. Flannery, Chief of the 
History Department, is a member of the 
Librarians' Advisory Committee of the 
United Council on Yforld Affairs which is 
co-sponsoring, with the Massachusetts Li- 
brary Association, a contest designed to 
stimulate interest in international rela- 
tions and to increase the circulation of 
books on that subject. Mrs Ethel B. 
Chandler, Librarian of the East Bridgevrater 
Public Library, is Chairman of the Commit- 


Miss Elizabeth M. Gordon, Deputy Super- 
visor of Work with Children, is the Treas- 
urer of the ALA Children's Library Asso- 
ciation and is a member of the Newbery, 
Caldecott Awards Committee. 


Mrs Muriel C. Javelin, Deputy Supervisor 
in Charge of Work with Adults, is serving 
on the Planning Committee for a Pre- 
Conference Institute on Adult Education to 
be held prior to the ALA meeting in July 

Miss Mildred C. O'Connor, Chief of the 
Cataloging and Classification Deoartment, 
Reference Division, is a member of the 
Committee on Publications of the ALA Divi- 
sion of Cataloging and Classification, 

Mrs Elizabeth L. Wright, Supervisor of 
Personnel, has been appointed a member of 
the ALA Board of Education for Librarian- 
ship for a five-year term beginning with 

il950, and is a member of the ALA Friends 

'of Libraries Committee, 



Miss Edna G. Peck, Chief of the Book 
Selection Department, Circulation Divi- 
sion, has given three book talks recent- 
ly: On February 1, 19^0, at a meeting of 
the Business Girls' Group at the YWCA; on 
February 8, 1950, at a meeting of the 
Boston Simmons Club; and on March 2, 1950, 
at the monthly dinner meeting of the 
Boston Chapter of the National Secretar- 
ies' Association. 

Mrs Muriel C. Javelin, Deputy Supervi- 
sor in Charge of Work ;vith Adults, vras 
the speaker at a luncheon meeting of the 
Comjnittee on the Care of the Aged of the 
Greater Boston Community Council on March 
7, 1950. She spoke about the activities 
of the Boston Public Library "Never Too 
Late Group", 




Miss Elaine Corcoran, Extra Assistant 
at Parker Hill Branch Library, heads the 
Dean's List for the Freshman Class at 
Emmanuel College. 



Open Shelf and Music Departments, sailed 
for England on the lie de France on March 
11. After a six weeks' tour of Europe, 
he and his wife go to Israel where they 
will remain for ten months. 

Unsolicited comments by Alumnae 

"There are many items in it (The 
Question Mark) of interest to me. You and 
your committee are doing a good vrork well, 
and the Library is indebted to you all." 

E. B. T. 
"Have enjoyed every number." 

K. F. A. 
Editor's Note: Comments and news from 

Alumnae are always virelcome. 



Announcement has been made of the en- | 
gagement of Miss Florence Adelson, form- | 
erly of East Boston Branch Library, to { 
Mr Allen S. Angoff of New York City. The| 
wedding will take place on March 30, 1950J 
Mr Angoff formerly worked in the Catalog- 
ing and Classification Department, Refer- 
ence Division. 

Miss Mildred R. Lasser, formerly of the 
Science and Technology Department, has 
recently joined the staff of the 
Bridgeport, Connecticut, Public Library, ,, 
as Chief of the Science and Technology '' 


Mr Martin Rabinovitz, formerly of the 

Confronted with the challenging proposi- 
tion — "Because of lack of funds, all 
books placed in the new Bookmobile cannot 
be fresh, new copies; but, nevertheless, 
they must give the appearance of being 
so" — the resourceful Chief of the Book 
Preparation Department did some serious 
thinking and came up with an answer which 
is ingenious, utilitarian, and esthetic. 
She visited a wall paper show room and 
chose remnants in patterns "neat but not 
gaudy". Under her supervision, her effi- 
cient corps of workers cut the paper so 
that when covering the books the designs 
appeared to best advantage; pasted on them 
labels on which had been printed the 
authors and titles; and then adjusted the 
plastic covers which have become extreme- 
ly popular. Presto] Poor, worn library 
bindings, not as clean as when they first 
came from the Binding Department, are now 
so ¥rell disguised that the Bookmobile is 
having difficulty in keeping any on its 
shelves. Congratulations to Miss Mary M. 



In the March 1, 1950 issue of the Li- 
brary Journal , on page 373, is a picture 

of our President, Miss Edna G. Peck, wit- 
nessing the presentation of a check of 
$100 to CARE. The check is being pre- 
sented to Mr Malcolm Leete, Ne¥f England 
Director of the CARE program, by Mr Eamon 
McDonough, Chairman of the BPLPSA Commit- 
tee on CARE, and is notable because it 
brings our contributions to the $1,000 


The recent meeting of the Executive 
Board, on Tuesday, February 28, produced 
many things which should be of interest 
to the membership as a whole. 

A neviT committee on Sabbatical Leaves 
has been appointed to carry on the very 
thorough piece of groundwork done by the 
Sabbatical Leave Committee of 19h9, head- 
ed by Miss Pearl Smart. The new commit- 
tee was requested to carry fonvard the 
study begun by last year's committee and 
to be ready, if possible, to present some 
concrete suggestions on the problem, of 
Sabbatical Leaves to the Administration 
before this year is completed. The 19^0 
Committee is made up of the following 
Association members: 

Miss A. Virginia Haviland, Chairman, 

Phillips Brooks Branch Library 
Mr Edward X. Casey, Cataloging and 
Classification Department, Reference 
liliss Jeannette A. Pepin, Lower Mills 

Branch Library 
Miss Edith M. Sliney, Office of Records, 
Files, Statistics. 

Based on an inquiry in the Soap Box 
(December, 19U9) relative to the possibil- 
ity of having The Question Mark printed, 
the following suggestions were sent for- 
ward to the Publications Committee: 
(1) That six copies of The Question 
Mark be run off on bond paper for 
binding. In this form The Question 
Mark can be preserved almost as 
long as would be possible in the 
printed form; (2) that v/hen the 
time comes for plans to be made for 

the preservation of a complete file 
of The Question Mark , due considera- j 
tion be given to the possibility of 1 
using microfilm. This will elimin- 
ate the cost of printing, which j 
would be prohibitive were the pub- ' 
lication to continue at its present 
size, and at the same time it would 
preserve the publication in a modern 
form which would solve the storage 

The report on the questionnaire concern- 
ing payment of salary by check versus pay- 
ment by cash is as follows: 
Number of ballots 

Sent out 880 

Checked and returned 7l6(8l^) 

Number of ballots 

Indicating cash payments UOO 

Indicating payment by check 278 

Indicating no choice 8 

Too late to be included 30 

Since ballots v;ere sent to all staff 
members, part-time as well as full-time, 
the question remains Tfhether or not this 
is a true picture of the wishes of those 
staff members who are responsible for the 
receipt of the y/eekly payroll. 

The two staff members, Mr Sidney 
Yfeinberg and LIr Louis Polishook, v:ho were 
invited to represent the Staff Association 
in the legislative procedure necessary to 
reimburse those employees of the Library 
who lost their pay as a result of the safe 
robbery on December 22, 19i;9, report that 
a bill was filed with the clerk of the 
House of Representatives of the General 
Court of Massachusetts on February l6, 
19^0. Hovirever, owing to the late filing 
of the bill, it was further necessary, as 
a prerequisite to legislative action in 
the current session, that there be effect- 
ed a suspension of Rule 7B of the Plouse 
Rules. To bring this about it vras neces- 
sary to obtain the approval of our bill 
by the Mayor and City Council of the City 
of Boston. The Mayor requested that 
another survey of the robbery facts be 
presented to him. I'/hen informed of this 
need, the Director sent forward at once 


the necessary facts. This information 
from the Director vrent to the Mayor's of- 
fice on February 2U, 1950, A verbal re- 
port from the Ivlayor's office states that 
he has approved the request that the bill 
be filed and has sent the communication 
forward to the City Council for its de- 
cision on the matter. No further action 
can be taken until word is received from 
that body. 

The Association representatives carry- 
ing on this v/ork would like to express 
their appreciation to the Director for 
his cooperation; to Mr John J. Connolly, 
Assistant to the Director, and Chief 
Executive Officer, for his liaison functicr 
in enlisting the unofficial aid of Mr I 
William Kerr of the City of Boston Lavf 
Department who drafted the legislation, 
and to the follovfing Representatives for 
their sponsorship of the bill. Honorable 
Edmond J. Donlan, Honorable John F. 
Collins, Honorable James C. Bailey, and 
Honorable James F. Condon, all of Boston. 
The membership of the Association joins I 
in the thanks to all those who are giving [ 
of their time and effort to accomplish ; 
the objective that those viho lost their ! 
pay through the theft shall be reimbursed.! 
This is not an easy assignment and the i 
results to date have been possible only ] 
by the concmtrated effort and complete co-j 
operation of the State and City officials,! 
the Library Administration, and the Asso- 
ciation representatives. It is our sin- 
cere -.Irish that their efforts shall cul- 
minate in complete success. 

The Boston Public Library Employees 
Benefit Association, Inc. is co-sponsor 
with the BPLPSA of this bill. However, 
word concerning the participation of the | 
former group was received too late to in- j 
elude a representative from that organi- \ 
zation on the special committee appointed | 
to see the bill through the Legislature. 
Nevertheless, their sponsorship is of 
real help in presenting a united front. 

Another matter that is of vital inter- 
est to the membership is the progress on 
the Concession. Mr Aaron Starr, chairman 
of the special concession committee, re- 
ports that development is slow. This 1 
slow-motion process is not due to neglect ! 
or indifference on the part of the commit-j 
tee or the administration. The installa- 
tion of such a unit is a major task. It | 

requires careful planning and a wise ex- 
penditure of fijinds. Mr Starr and his com- 
mittee have done a fine job and they have 
had the complete cooperation of the ad- 
ministration at every step. Hoviever, 
there are many steps and to date the fol- 
lowing has been accomplished; 

The services of a concessionaire have 
been engaged. He has submitted his prices 
for food and drinks and indicated his needs 
in the line of equipment. Plans for the 
physical layout, Vi'ith necessary units in- 
dicated, have been drawn up by the commit- 
tee and by the Library's architect. These 
plans have been submitted to the Director. 
Since they involve a considerable sum of 
money, it may take some time to make an 
adequate study of the proposed expenditure. 
As soon as the Director and the Trustees 
can come to a decision as to how much money 
is available for such a project, they will 
give the signal for the committee to go 
for/rard and trim its sails to meet the 
budget requirements. Don't give up I 
Everyone concerned is working hard in 
order that you may have the right cup of 
coffee at the right time, in the right 
place, at the right price, and in the 
right atmosphere. Those of us on the out- 
side looking in have but a scant percep- 
tion of the details involved in setting up 
a project of this magnitude. It may be 
long in coming but v;e are sure of one 
thing — when it does come it will be a 
credit both to the Library and to the 

It is vd-th regret that I call your at- 
tention to the Through "the 
grapevine", which, like Mr Drew Pearson's 
"predictions of things to come", is gen- 
erally Q7% correct, it v;as learned that 
the New England News Company had been 
rather badly inconvenienced financially 
(to put it mildly) during the recent 
Christmas season due to the fact that 
several BPL employees ordered books and 
then failed to carry out their part of the 
bargain by claiming and paying for the 
books ordered. A check with the manager 
at the Ner; England Nevis Company revealed 
that this rumor was all too true. As a 
staff there is no doubt that vre are grate- 
ful for the discount courtesies extended to 
us by the New England News Company, It 
seems unfortunate that because a few dioose 
to abuse this privilege, all members should 


be made to pay should the privilege be 
withdrawn, as it undoubtedly vail be, if 
the practice continues of failing to re- 
deem the orders which have been made es- 
pecially for BPL individuals. This is an 
individual responsibilityo It is certain 
that no one would intentionally jeopard- 
ize the rights of others by their own 
carelessness. Let us each one remember 
that once a book is ordered it becomes 
our individual responsibility to see the 
order through and not "change our mind" 
and leave the book store to take over 
what is morally our responsibility. 

Several additional firms have indicated 
their -vvillingness to be included on our 
discount list. A mimeographed list will 
be sent out, to be added to the original 
list. Presentation of BPL staff member- 
ship cards (not necessarily BPLPSA member- 
ship cards) is essential. 

Since the list of committees for 1950 
was issued, two names have been added. 
Mrs Eleanora N. Chaplik. Washington 
Village Branch Library, is a member of 
the Staff Library committee. Mrs Barbara 
P. Cotter, Reference Division Office, is 
serving on the committee on Personnel 
Service Ratings . 

An error vras made, entirely due to the 
fault of the President, in one name on 
the list of Field Representatives , issued 
on February 8, 1950, East Boston Branch 
Library is represented by Miss Patience 
Williams, not by Patricia-Ann. Our apol-, please. Miss "filliams. The next 
time we will leave a changing of names 
in your hands. No doubt you vri.ll change 
the last and not the first name. 

The professional and social activities 
of the Association move on apace. 

The recent open meeting of the Associa- 
tion at which Mr Joseph Dinneen was the 
guest speaker was reported to be very 
successful. The chairman of the Enter- 
tainment Committee reported that over two 
hundred guests were served refreshments 
at a total cost of ;J56,17. 

Plans are well on the way for a Fashion 

Show to be held in the spring. Details 
will be given later, as soon as final ar- 
rangements are completed. 

The young folks, as well as some of us 
who are not so young, will be glad to hear 
that another coiintry dance is included in 
the schedule of spring events. The date 
has been set, tentatively, as Friday, 
April 21. Details later. 

If the Flower Show is at Mechanics Hall, 
can spring be far behind? — Synonymous 
with spring is baseball. Of course, the 
ladies y.HI not be interested in this an- i 
nouncement but the men might like to knovj- ■ 
that a special committee is at work on 
staff baseball interests. This committee 
has up its sleeve plans for an open meet- 
ing, at which representatives from the two 
teams — the Braves and the Red Sox, of 
course ( are there other ball teams?) — 
vrould be present and discuss the baseball 
outlook for 1950. It is also hoped that 
arrangements can be made for the purchase 
of a block of tickets to be sold to staff 
members, for a couple of the big league 
night games. This special committee con- 
sists of the following: 

idr Frank P. Bruno, Chairman, Patent Room 
Mr Samuel Green, Business Office 
Mr Patrick 0. Murtagh, Book Stack Service 
Mr Donald L. Newman, Office of Records, 

Files, Statistics 
Mr Paul Smith, Business Office. 


We are sorry to report that the plans 
for a Food Fair, which had been considered 
as one means of raising funds, had to be 
abandoned. Technicalities make it impos- 
sible for such a project to be carried on 
in the Library. Our exchequer is shrink- 
ing. Anyone any bright ideas on how to 
swell the coffers? 


A plan is being offered by the Hotel 
Governor Clinton, New York, for group week- 
ends in NeYiT York. For $d,9^ per person 
there can be arranged a two-days — one- 
night visit to the great City, Room for 
two with private bath, breakfast in the 
Hotel Governor Clinton Coffee Shop, and 


conducted tours to points of interest in 
the city. Anyone interested? If so 
please communicate with Miss Peck, Book 
Selection Department, who has additional 
information. If a sufficient number of 
staff members should be interested it 
might be possible to arrange such a trip 
some time d'oring the spring. 

Arrangements offered by t he hotel are 
such that it will be possible for the As- 
sociation to benefit financially from 
such an undertaking. 


Catholic Book Week in Boston \Yas form- 
ally opened on February eighteenth at 
John Hancock Hall, by a Christopher Book 
Forum, sponsored jointly by the New 
England Unit of the Catholic Library As- 
sociation and the League of Catholic 

The Forum was conducted by Reverend 
Harold C. Gardiner, S.J., Literary Editor 
of Am erica , The principal speakers were 
Mr George Hovre, author of Call it Treason , 
and Mr Leo Brady, author of E dp^e of Doom t 
They discussed their books and told in- 
teresting events and anecdotes incident 
to -7/riting the stories. Bishop John 
Wright, well-knovm to the staff of the 
Boston Public Library, also addressed the 
group. Tea vras served after the meeting. 

Reverend John A. Broderick, Librarian 
of the Creagh Research Library at St. 
John's Seminary, was Chairman of the 
Catholic Book Week Committee. Other mem- 
bers of the Committee, in addition to 
those on the Boston Public Library staff, 
vrere: Reverend Cornelius Sherlock, 
Diocesan Superintendent of Schools, Mr 
John O'Loughlin and lUr Thomas V. Reiners, 
Boston College Library, Fir Philip McNiff, 
Lament Library, and Miss Alice Buckley, 
East Boston High School Library. 

A. L. M. 


Rook service to the residents of various 
sections of the City of Boston, via our 
ne-.f Bookmobile, was inaugurated in the 
■re:-.k beginning Monday, February 20. No 

formal ceremonies marked the beginning of 
this service. However, the Director of 
the Library was present on each first day 
for each district, Mr Lord was joined by 
the folloviring City Councilors who were on 
hand for their respective districts: 
City Councilor John B. Wenzler (South 
Boston - Yfard 6), City Councilor Vincent 
J. Shanley (Brighton - ¥/ard 22), City 
Councilor Philip A. Tracy (Roxbury - Ward 
11), City Councilor Walter D. Bryan (West 
Roxbury - Ward 20), City Councilor Thomas 
L. McCormack (Forest Hills - Ward 19). 
Pressure of other duties kept Councilor 
Michael L. Kinsella (Charlestown - Ward 2) 
from being present at the first visit of 
the Bookmobile to the Charlestown district. 
Local newspapers had their photographers 
on hando also^^ to take pictures of these 
visitors who had come to see the new serv- 
ice inaugurated. 



Recently in the Young People's Room, two 
boys from the fifth grade of a nearby 
school asked for ancient history books - 
■".■/hen given the specified books, they de- 
murred Upon further questioning, it came 
to light that they wanted material on 
Ponce de Leon,- Columbus, and Magelan, 



The Committee on CARE designated April 
as CARE MONTH at the Boston Public Library, 
and requests your earnest cooperation. 

Care at all? Then open your heart 
April's the time to do your part;. 
Relief is needed to aid the stricken; 
Europe will suffer if help does not 

V.Tiether you think in rhyme or prose, it 
is always time to think of those who de- 
pend on us — the starving, under-privi- 
leged hui"r)r:n remna.nto of a war-torn conti- 
nent. Eeo you haven't been thinking of 
them lately. Too concerned your own 
vreighty problems? Vi'ell, here's the rem- 
edy — mend a fev: broken spirits, your ovm 
and some Europeans' too, by giving all you 
can to a deserving cause, CARE; Respond 
generously to the big April drive. Open 


your hearts and your handbags. The path 
to our goal is a direct one, and each 
person is asked to do his part. Of 
course, the month of April denotes a con- 
centrated effort, but we hope that con- 
tributions will not lag at any other 
time. Let's keep up the good work of 
giving gladly, and let's give it a big 
PUSH in April. 


for Committee on CARE 



The T^ar Memorial Committee, comprised 
of representatives of the Arnavets, the 
Benefit Association and the B.P.L.P.S.A. 
held its first meeting on Tuesday, 
February lU, 19^0, in the staff library. 
The purpose of this committee is to de- 
cide upon a design and to raise money for 
a memorial plaque to those members of the 
library staff who gave their lives in 
Y/orld War II. Mr Ysilliam DiRosario was 
elected chairman; Mr Louis Polishook, 
treasurer; and Mrs Sarah "I, Flannery, 

The chairman was instructed to investi- 
gate various designs and the relative 
costs of different types of plaques and 
make a preliminary report at the next 

S. ^^. F. 


Mr Joseph F. Dinneen of the Boston 
Globe addressed the members and friends 
of the Boston Public Library Professional 
Staff Association on Friday evening, 
February 17, in the Lecture Hall of the 
Central Library. In his talk, NEWS AND 
NE\f/SPAPERS, Mr Dinneen emphasized what he 
referred to as his specialties — "Crime 
and Politics", He mentioned his share in 
solving the famous Millen-Faber Case, and 
told several anecdotes associated with 
the preparation of the manuscript of his 
recent book. The Purple Shamrock , a biog- 
raphy of the Honorable James M. Curley, 

Following the lecture, the incoming of- 
ficers of the Association were tendered 

a reception in the Abbey Room.. Refresh- 
ments were served by the outgoing Enter- 
tainment Committee and were up to their 
usual high standard. 


BPL on TV 

As far as we have been able to ascertain, 
only one BPL staff member has to date had 
the interesting experience of bringing the 
resources of the Library to the attention 
of the Public via television — Mr Thomas 
J. Manning, Exhibits Office. 

Mr Manning is reported by those who saw 
him to have done an excellent job vjhen, on 
March 9, he told of the "Post Office Anni- 
versary Exhibit" currently on display in 
the Puvis de Chavannes Gallery. In addi- 
tion to his remarks, he shovred pictures 
and other items from the exhibit. It is 
significant that the expanding exhibits 
program should so soon after its inaugura- 
tion be called to the attention of the 
public via television. 

The vrork of the Library has been dis- 
cussed on three other TV programs in 1950, 
but not by memibers ofthe staff. In January 
Mr Carl deSuze spoke on the calendar ex- 
hibition, and later on F^an in Reading for 
Children, The books chosen for use at 

that time vrere from the collection in the 
Young People ' s Room. The third program 
was a preview of a lecture-demonstration 
which Mr William Jewell gave as part of the 
Library's lecture hall program — Painting 
a Vfatercolor, 

Believing that staff members and friends 
will be interested in knovdng of future 
programs on which their fellow workers are 
to bring the BPL to the public via TV, 
such events will be listed in advance on 
the staff bulletin board. 



In honor of Miss Rebecca E. Willis, 
Branch Librarian of the Jamaica Plain 
Branch Library, who retires on March 
thirty-fii-st, a luncheon was given in the 
Afonaco Room of the Hotel Lenox, on March 

The tables were decorated with sweet 
peas and ferns, v/ith colorful spring flow- 
ers on the head table. Miss Willis' place 
v/as identified by a miniature old-fashioned 


bouquet of her favorite flowers, violets 
with a red rose in the center. Her cor- 
sage Tras of red roses. Miss Edith 
Guerrier, Supervisor of Branch Libraries, 
Emeritus , and Mrs Ada Andelman, Supervi- 
sor in the Circulation Division, were 
given corsages of pink roses and acacia. 

llrs Andelman paid a graceful tribute to 
the vrork Miss Vfillis has done, and intro- 
duced Miss Guerrier who had been chosen 
by the committee to present to Miss 
Willis a purse containing a gift of money. 

In addition to the Branch Librarians, 
Miss Guerrier and Mrs Andelman, there 
were also present: Miss M. Florence 
Cufflin, Kiss Beatrice M. Flanagan, Miss 
Elizabeth E. Gordon, Miss Ethel M. 
Hazlewood, I.Irs Muriel C. Javelin, Miss 
Mary M. McDonough, Miss Edna G. Peck, and 
Mrs Elizabeth L. Wright. 


On Tferch sixth, in the Staff Lounge, 
Miss Victoria M. Venezia of the Book 
Purchasing Department, was tendered a 
surprise shower. Miss Venezia is to mar- 
ry Mr Frank X. Cronan on April 19, 19^0, 
at St. Bridgid's Church in South Boston. 
The couple plan to live in South Boston 
after a vredding trip to Nexf York. 


lend of a vreek's time the exposed microfilm 
I will be cut off, sent to the Recordak 
I Company to be developed, then returned to 
the Branch Library where it will be la- 
beled according to dates included and num- 
bers of transaction cards included, and 
kept on file as a record of the week's 

The transaction cards, which are num- 
bered consecutively, are a special "JIcBee 
Keysort" product. Each card is individu- 
ally punched according to an intricate 
system v^rhereby a large number of cards are 
placed on a spindle which automatically 
separates and sorts them by category and 
number, eliminating tedious hand-sorting 
and endless filing. After each book is 
charged out, the McBee transaction card is 
placed T/vlth the book slip in the pocket of 
the book, and the borrower is asked to be 
careful not to lose either. YJhen the book 
is returned to the Branch Library, the 
McBee card is removed from the pocket, and 
the book is ready to go back on the shelf 
without first having to be "slipped". The 
McBee cards are later sorted numerically 
by the ingenious automatic system already 

''i/Then it is time to send overdue notices, 
the numerical sequence of McBee cards is 
then scanned for cards missing from the 
sequence. Any numbers which are found to 
be missing represent books which have not 
yet been returned. Then the roll of de- 
veloped microfilm which corresponds to the 
proper numerical sequence is run through a 
reading machine similar to the nevrapaper 
; microfilm reading machines at Central Li- 
A four-months experiment in microphoto-jbrary. The projected image is life-size 

graphic charging was begun on March 13, 
1950, at the Mattapan Branch Library. 
The Recordak Junior Hicrofilmer was in- 
stalled a Treek before the beginning of 
the experiment and representatives of the 
Recordak Company spent several hours ex- 
plaining the operation of the machine to 
the staff. The Recordak keeps a photo- 
graphic record of the entire transaction 
of loaning a book to a borrower. The 
borrower's library card, which includes 
card number, name and address; the book 
card, which includes title, author, and 
book number; and a consecutively numbered 

and each picture on the film contains a 
complete record of the transaction so that 
overdue notices may be typed directly from 
this microfilm image. 

The time saved by doing mail-notices in 
this direct manner should be considerable. 
The actual charging of books is also 
speeded up, as the photographing process 
takes only a fraction of the time hereto- 
fore required to stamp library card, book 
card, charging plate, and copy a six digit 
card number onto each book card. Also, 
the record is accurate, as there is no op- 
portunity for "Tvrong chargings", Prepara- 

transaction card are placed under the lendtion of books is also simplified somewhat, 

of the machine by the operator o She then 
presses a button to photograph these 
three cards. This procedure is repeated 
for every book that is borrowed. At the 

as no charging plates are needed — the 
date is stamped on the transaction card 
instead. The biggest time-saver, however, 
will probably be in the elimination of 



" slipping" and the consequent immediate 
return of books to their places on the 

In connection with the Recordak experi- 
ment, library cards are stamped "date due" 
instead of beinfr stamped with the date 
borrowed. A steady chorus of approval 
from members of the public has greeted 
this innovation, and of course, figuring 
of fines when overdue books are returned 
will be greatly simplified. 

Florence Goodman 


God man Square 

The Camp Fire Guardians of the southern 
area of Boston have been holding monthly 
meetings on Monday mornings, when the 
reference room is available, at the 
Codman Square Branch Library. lirs Walter 
from the Camp Fire Headquarters in Boston 
wanted a place to meet other than a 
church where all the Guardians would feel 
at home. At their meeting on February 2? 
Miss Ross gave a brief talk on the New 
Manual for the Camp Fire Guardians, and 
told of the help and inspiration that the 
Camp Fire had been to some girls. 

This month is the birthday of the Camp 
Fire Girls and there are on exhibition 
posters with books on fine arts and ap- 
plied arts, vfhich Tri.ll be the project for 
the Camp Fire Girls for some months. 
There will also be an exhibit of handi- 
craft T;ork done by the Girls, 

East Boston 

Art and artists of East Boston is the 
theme of the Fifth Open House scheduled 
for Monday, March 20. An unusual and ex- 
tensive art show representing the works 
of twenty-two East Boston artists will 
open for a month on that day. This ex- 
hibition promises to be exceptional in 
scope and variety of media. Paintings in 
oil and watercolor, pencil sketches, por- 
traits, sculpture, wood carving, commer- 
cial art, copper and silver work will be 
on display. The exhibit vdll be arranged 
by Mj:- Arthur W. Heintzelman, distinguished 
artist and Keeper of Prints of the Boston 
Public Library. 

At eight o'clock on March 20, a program 
of other artistic talents will take place 

in the lecture hall. Two gifted East 
Boston musicians, Mrs Mario Umana and Mr 
Angelo Alabiso, will each play several 
selections on the piano and violin. Stu- 
dents of Mrs Lillian Chiampa Laurano's 
Studio of the Dance \vill demonstrate other 
East Boston talents in ballet, tap and 
acrobatic dances, Mr Milton E. Lord^ 
Director, vdll bring official greetings. 
A social hour with refreshments will be 
held in the Children's Room at the close 
of the program. New and old friends nf 
the East Boston Branch Library are cordial- 
ly invited. 

Jamaica Plain 

Homering the Holy Year of 1950, there ?.? 
currently on exhibition a colorful dij uL.-v.' 
of Italian posters and pictures that vj.".'. 
be of interest to those who have been t-. 
Italyj to those vriio are going this year_; 
and to those who hope to go sometime i:' 
the future. The bi illiantly-hued posteT-s 
of Rome, Florence, Venice, and Sicily are 
enough to make even the most home-loving 
of us want to rush to a travel agency for 
tickets to see the splendors of Italy's 
past and present; and the pageantry that 
vri.ll mark the Holy Year in Rome in 19^0. 
Of course, there is a good selection of 
books to supplement the pictorial display. 

Through the courtesy of the Children's 
Museum and a staff member, the case is 
filled with gaily-coloured and painted 
articles from Italy. A miniature wine 
cart filled with tiny casks is a delight 
to both children and adults. A tiny in- 
terior from the north of Italy would de- 
light any little girl, as would the doll 
in Italian costume. There are several 
pieces of pottery — an oil lamp, a wine 
flask, a vase. Two tiny replicas of the 
Swiss Guards lend a colorfully militant 
atmosphere to the display. These articles 
from the warm Mediterranean region bring 
cheer with their brightness and sparkle 
as the last of winter draws to a close. 

Even though the temperature fell below 
zero, on February 20, more than forty 
people attended the Chinese New Year's 
Party given to honor Mr Jan Quen, who has 
made donations of money for the purchase 
of books for the Jamaica Plain Branch Li- 
brary. Mr David Tung, Executive Director 
of the Chinese Y on Tyler Street, gave a 
most informative and fascinating talk on 


on Chinese training for peace. Refresh- 
ments consisted of Jasmine tea, Chinese 
fortune cookies, almond cookies,, and ■ 
Chinese Sesame candy. 

Parker Hill 

An Irish exhibit, to continue throughout 
the month of March, includes over 70 
striking photographs of that colorful 
country, Ireland — its people, indus- 
tries, customs, and famous places. There 
is also a reconstruction of the Blarney 
Castle, as v:ell as linens, and china. 
One of the features of the exhibit is a 
reproduction of the famous Monogram of 
Christ from the Book of Kells, which is 
said to be one of the most beautiful of 
the pages. 


During Boy Scout vreek, there v:as on dis- 
play a collection of articles from Troop 
17 of Roxbury, consisting of original 
handbooks, knots, badges, and pictures of 
the founders. 

In the Children's Room is an effective 
exhibit of original drawings from juven- 
ile books. 

Yfest End 

On Saturday evening, February 18, two 
hundred invited guests attended a recep- 
tion and tea in observance of Negro 
History TiTeek. Cooperating with the 
Boston Public Library 'in the sponsorship 
of the program were the following Negro 
organizations : Delta Sigma Theta Sorori- 
ty, Freedom House, Hampton Institute 
Alumni Association, League of TJ'omen for 
Community Service, National Association 
for the Advancement of Colored People, 
Urban League, and the IVomen's Service 
Club. Miss Fanny Goldstein, Branch Li- 
brarian, welcomed the guests and spoke 
briefly on the democratic traditions and 
the heritage of brotherhood which for 
many, many years have been an integral 
part of this building, both as a church 
and a library. 

Mr Herbert Jackson, President of the 
Llalden City Council and the 'first member 
of his race to hold that position, vras 
Chairman of the evening. He introduced 
the principal speaker, Miss Shirley 
Graham, the well-known Negro author of 

Your Most Humble Servant , and biographer 
\ of many other distinguished members of her 
race. She spoke of the role and influence 
of the Negro in American life and litera- 
ture, v/ith special emphasis on Phyllis 
ITheatley, the little Negro slave girl, who 
'grevi up to be one of the first American 
T^rriters to' be recognized abroad, and on 
Benjamin Banheker, who helped plan our 
national capital, 

Mr John Wilson, the famous Boston Negro 
artist, just returned from abroad, where 
he studied on a fellowship, delivered an 
impassioned plea for good vail and equali- 
ty not only during Brotherhood Week, but 
during all the other weeks of the year. 

Mrs E. Sohier Welch read a paper on the 
vforks of Meta Warrick Fuller, the eminent 
Negro sculptress. 

A musical program, by a duet of female 
voices, vras under the direction of Dr 
YJ'illiam A, Rhodes, the first member of his 
race to graduate from the New England 
Conservatory of Music. The artistry of 
the singers cast a spell over the large 

Guests from all fields of endeavor were 
present. Mr Francis B. Hasterson repre- 
sented the Trustees of the Boston Public 
Library, and Mr John J. Connolly repre- 
sented the Director. In his capacity as 
Chief of the Circulation Division, Mr 
Orlando C. Davis, represented the inter- 
relation of the Branch Libraries and the 
public. Among the many others present 
were Mr John O'Loughlin of Boston College 
and president-elect of the Catholig Li- 
braries Association; Miss Dorothy Wayraan, 
author of Bite the Bullet , and feature 
writer of the Boston Globe ; Representative 
Sybil Holmes; lliss Marie D. Johnson of 
Liberia, who is attending College in 
Boston; and Dr and Mrs Tonkin of England, 
vifho are doing research work in this coun- 

The hostesses were members of the Delta 
Sigma Theta Sorority and were assisted by 
the West End Branch Library Staff. The 
pourers' for the tea and coffee hour that 
followed vrere Mrs Wayman Brovm, Mrs John 
B. Hall, Miss Gladys Holmes, Mrs Florence 
LeSuer, lirs Alfred H. Avery, Mrs Albert 
Salter, Mrs E. Sohier Welch, and Mjr-s Eva 
Y/hiting I'.'hite, The evening was voted one 
of the most unusual and successful in the 
long calendar of this Branch Library's 


On Saturday afternoon, March 11, about 
100 children from the local St. Joseph 
Parochial School and their parents met 
for the awarding of prizes to the winners 
of the essay contest, sponsored by the 
West End Branch Library. This being Holy 
Year, the topic "My Imaginary Pilgrimage 
to Rome" was offered as a subject to the 
pupils of grades 6, 7, and 8. The com- 
mittee of judges consisted of Reverend 
Francis P. Moran, Editor of the Pilot ; 
¥xs Mary Stack McNiff, literary critic; 
and Miss Dorothy Y/ayman, author and nevj-s- 
papervroman. Mr John O'Loughlin was 
Chairman of the afternoon, and the awards 
were made by Monseigneur Edward P. Mui'raj; 
Books were presented to the winners and 
religious medals to those receiving hon- 
orable mention. The entire program, in- 
cluding the refreshments, was much en- 
joyed by all. 


Young People's Room 

The story hour in the Young People's 
Room has turned into a miniature U. N. 
with eager girls and boys from many na- 
tions being present. Our storytellers, 
always awake to the opportunities or 
trends of the moment, have capitalized on 
this international attendance and as a 
courtesy are planning their stories ac- 
cordingly. Chinese New Year was appro- 
priately celebrated irLth stories from 
that country to please our good American- 
Chinese citizens-in-the-making. Tales 
from Persia will feature largely in a 
coming story hour in honor of a listener 
who came from that country. In anticipa- 
tion we can see Chhanda's dark eyes 
sparkle when at some not-too-distant date 
our storytellers will, with the magic of 
the spoken vrord, transport her and her 
companions to India, the land of her 
birth. ■'A'hcit joy and widening of interest 
the Library brings to girls and boys 
through its gift of the storytelling! 


Any contribution to the Soap Box must be 
accompanied by the full name of the Asso- 
ciation member submitting it, together 
with the name of the Branch Library, De- 
partment, or Office in virhich he or she is 
employed. The name is withheld from pub- 
lication, or a pen name used, if the con- 
tributor so requests. Anonymous contribu- 
tions are not given consideration. The 
author of the article is kno\m only to the 
contributor and to the Editor-in-Chief. 
The contents of articles appearing in the 
Soap Box are personal opinions expressed 
by individual Association members and their 
appearance does not necessarily indicate 
that the Publications Committee and the 
Association are in agreement vrith the 
vievifs express e d 



lliss Rose Di Pasquale, North End Branch 
Library, to Mr Mario Giella, on February 
lU, 1950. 


Ten dollars dues for A.L.A. 

It ' s oh so easy nov; to pay. 

Our Lord and master helds full svray 

O'er A.L.A. 'Tis Boston's day! 

Our loyal aid and cash we bring; 

Ytith voices strong his praise we sing. 

So, it's scrimp and save to do as we 

And A.L.A. is sure to be good! 

Shakespeare 1950 • 



Hurrah for the Union Pacific! 

Hurrah for its trains and its tracks! 

But the Union Pacific 

Is not so terrific 

As the railroad we have in the stacks. 

The books in the stacks are sent up in the 

Of a railroad that runs night and day. 
But once in a v^rhile the machin'ry breaks 

And there's all sorts of fuss and delay. 
So wildly v\re call for the man with the 

That we need when the railroad revolts 
And Willie arrives Ydth his wrench in his 

And tightens our nuts and our bolts. 

Hurrah for the Union Pacific! 

Hurrah, for their loss is our gain, 

For the Union Pacific 

Had none so terrific 

As our own engineer, Willie Kane. 


■^i:5^.\\v^ s'....-..4v:J !;v.j^'^^y 


Published by the Boston Public Library Professional Staff Association 
VolumeV. Number h April 19S0 

Publications Committee: Mildred ^. Adelson, John M. Carroll, Eleanor DiGiannantonio, 

M. Dorotiv Brackett Ekstrom, Sarah M. Usher, Chairman 

Publication date 
The fifteenth of each month 

Deadline for submitting material ; 
The tenth of each month 


The April 10 issue of Time carries an 
article ambiguously entitled "For proper 
Bostonians", about Boston's seven daily 
and four Sunday newspapers. The article 
touches on the present situation faced by 
the papers and their recent drastic 
losses in circulation and profits. It 
points out the use of contests as circu- 
lation builders in an attempt to win 
readers and to ride out of the crisis. 

The presence of a number of papers in a 
community may not be a good in itself, 
but it provides room for a greater ex- 
pression of opinions, for the development 
of ideas, and (to descend to crass mate- 
rialism) it keeps so many more men em- 
ployed. Some of us have seen at least 
two papers depart from the Boston scene. 
It is a serious problem for a community 
to have a paper forced out of business 
because of lack of readers, where too 
many papers are competing for too few 

Word of the plight of these newspapers 
does give rise to sympathetic T-eactions, 
But, librarians, be they ever so sympa- 
thetic, are aware (not in Boston alone, 
of course) of the aimless abuse of library 
material that has been witnessed in con- 
nection with contests. Librarians cer- 
tainly can not close their eyes to the 
inconsequential use of time spent in pur- 
suit of trivia that all have witnessed 
lately, considering the number of prizes 
available compared with the number of 
contestants participating. Can not, 
could not, some more socially valuable 
pastime be invented to achieve the same 

VJho in the library field is going to 
come up with the ansvrer? Through books 
librarians help the business man, the 
artist, the scientist, the student. Li- 
brarians nowadays are not just custodians; 
they get out and sell ideas . Who will 

create a better "circulation mouse trap" 
that will build circulation not only for 
newspapers, but for libraries, too; that 
will result in libraries being used, not 
abused; and will enrich the individual in 
some way other than by the remote chance 
of winning a prize. Negative approaches 
have been all tried. From where is the 
positive answer to come? 


■Rew Staff Members 

Mrs Muriel A. Watt, Print Depaj-tment, 
Mrs Watt is working in the Print Depart-» 
ment during the absence of Miss Muriel C, 
Figenbaum, First Assistant, who is on 
leave for study in Paris, 

Miss Ellen M. Oldham, Rare Book Depart- 


Mr James P. J. Gannon, Binding Depart- 
ment, to Miss Rita R. McCartiiy, An 
October wedding is planned, < 

Miss Joyce C. Rylander, Reference Divi- 
sion Office, to Mr Harold M. Kelley, of 
Mj-lton, Mr Kelley is a senior at Boston 

Miss M. Patricia Morley, Circulation 
Division Office, to Mr Donald A, Gillis, 
of Roslindale. The wedding will take 
place August 26. Mr Gillis is a senior 
at Boston College. 

The announcement that was 
in this space will appear 
instead in the May issue. 


Miss Ursula Von Zarsk, assistant at the 


East Boston Branch Library, was married 
to llr Robert J. Oxley on Friday, March 
31, at eight o'clock at the Leyden Street 
Congregational Church in Brookline. Miss 
Von Zarsk wore a long, blue satin ankle- 
length dress and a little hat with a 
waist-length veil and carried a white 
orchid. Only the immediate family at- 
tended the ceremony. 

In honor of Mrs Oxley, the staff held a 
surprise party at the Branch Library on 
Friday, April lU. After a simple lunch- 
eon, a wedding gift of silver was pre- 
sented. Toasts and a prophecy in book- 
titles added gaiety to a happy occasion. 


Mr and Mrs Louis Polishook, Science and 
Technology Department (Patent Room) have 
announced the birth of a daughter, Nancy 
Ellen, on March 21, 1950. 


Miss Rebecca E. Willis, Branch Librar- 
ian, Jamaica Plain Branch Library, ef- 
fective March 31, 19^0. 



Mr and Mrs James Yauney, of St. Johns- 
ville, New York, have announced the birth 
of a son, Alan James, on March 17, 19^0. 
l!brs Yauney is the former Edna Quinn of 
the Office of Records, Files, and 

Mr and Mrs Thomas Canavan have announced 
the birth of a son, Thomas Richard, on 
March 13, 1950. Mrs Canavan is the form- 
er Mary Hart of the Circulation Division 


We are happy to report that Mr William 
J. Ennis is steadily improving after his 
recent hospitalization. He is now at 20 
Dunster Road, Everett I|.9. 


Miss Florence Adelson, formerly of East 

Boston Branch Library, and Mr Allen 
Angoff, formerly of the Cataloging and 
Classification Department, Reference Divi- 
sion, vrere married on March 30, 1950, in 
Montclair, New Jersey. The Angoff s will 
make their home in New York City where Mr 
Angoff is managing editor of the magazine, 
"Tomorrow". Mrs Angoff is a Branch Librar- 
ian in the Montclair Public Library System, 


On Tuesday evening, March 21, Mrs 
Margaret Carr Lynch and Mrs Carolyn 
Vfellace Myers (former members of the 
Director's Office) were co-hostesses at a 
miscellaneous shower in the latter 's home^ 
in honor of Miss Evelyn F. Caswell, form- 
erly of the Science and Technology De- 
partment, now Head of Guided Missiles Li- 
brary, Massachusetts Institute of Tech- 
nology. Among the thirty or more friends 
who attended were several B.P.L. members 
and many B.P.L, Alumnae who enjoyed much 
reminiscing as well as admiring the many 
beautiful gifts the bride-to-be received. 

Pictures were taken of the beautifully 
decorated table with all the delicacies, 
and of the prospective bride and groom 
cutting the cake prepared especially for 
the occasion, 

liiss Caswell is to be married on Satur- 
day, April 22, to Mr John M, Carroll, 
Deputy Supervisor in the Reference Divi- 
sion, and Chief of the General Reference 


Miss Anne O'Brien, a part-time assistant 
at the Allston Branch Library and a junior 
at Mt. St. Joseph Acadeirry, won first prize 
in the Boston Advertising Club's Essay Con- 
test, for her essay entitled "America 
V/ithout Advertising". She was presented 
with a check for ijjlOO.OO on April k, by 
the board, at the Hotel Statler, 


Miss Eileen McMahon, part-time assistant 
at the Parker Hill Branch Library, won an 
honorable mention and scroll in an essay 
contest sponsored by the Advertising Club 
of Boston. She is a senior at Girls' 
Latin School. 



Mr William McGowan, Book Stack Service, 
15 Burwell Road, West Roxbury 32 

Miss Evelyn Levy, Brighton Branch Li- 
brary, $1 Verndale Street, Brookline U6 



The spring issues of three scholarly 
niagazines have contributions by Mr Zoltan 
Haras zti, Keeper of Rare Books , and 
Editor of Publications: 

In The William and Mary Quarterly , is- 
sued by the Institute of Early American 
History and Culture, "John Adams Flays a 
Philosophe," an article extending to 32 
printed pages. 

In The Isis , the quarterly journal of 
the History of Science Society, "John 
Adams on Franklin's Iron Points". 

In The Nevj England Quarterl y, a review 
of Sidney H. Ditzion's Arsenals of a 
Democratic Culture , "a social history of 
the American public library movement in 
New England and the Middle States from 
18$0 to 1900". 


In the March l5, 19^0, issue of the 
Library Journal there appears an article 
by Mr Eamon McDonough, General Reference 
Department, "Men Librarians". This is an 
answer to a previous article by Mr Ralph 

In the April issue of Woman's Day , pub- 
lished by The A & P Company, there ap- 
peared an article entitled, "A Fe^v Notes 
on Teaching That Wasn't", by Miss Nancy 
J. Dickson, Book Selection Department, 
Circulation Division. 


April 21 

A variety of dances, from the Virginia 
Reel to the Portland Fancy, v/ill be of- 
fered at the Country Dance, sponsored by 

the Boston Public Library Professional 
Staff Association, to be held Friday, 
April 21, at 8:30 in the Lecture Hall. An 
expert caller will announce and teach the 
steps, and records v;ill supply appropriate 
music. The admission, 60 cents per person, 
includes tax and refreshments. Mrs 
Margaret Butler, chairman of the able com- 
mittee in charge of the dance, advises all 
who come to vxear rubber-soled shoes and to 
prepare for an evening of active fun. 

April 28 

The Program Committee has arranged to 
have Mr Walter Powers, president of the 
Boston Bar Association, tell of the unusual 
and highly unconventional way in vihich he 
and his wife saw England last summer, 
Down the Thames in a Kayak . Mr Powers is 
a prominent Boston resident and attorney, 
and an excellent speaker. He was a member 
of the Examining Committee of the Boston 
Public Library in 19U7-U8. This event 
will take place on Friday evening, April 
28, at 8:30 in the Lecture Hall of the 



With the flower-and-fruit-gardens which 
are passing for ladies' hats this spring, 
all purchased and paid for (we hope), and 
vfith all the men bedecked in those loose- 
leaves-frora-sketch-books which are camou- 
flaging as the tie that must accompany the 
new spring suit, maybe we can settle down 
to the business of everyday existence once 
again, — a sort of breathing spell before 
the vacation period is here to disrupt our 
ordered lives.. 

The Entertainment and Program Committees 
have been busy planning events so that we 
will not be bored during this waiting 
period- The Country Dance — April 21 — 
and the lecture by Mr Povrers — April 28 
— should be events of real interest. The 
Program and Entertainment Committees are 
working hard to provide pleasant evenings 
for us all,- Plan to come and bring your 
friends c Everyone is cordially welcome to 
share with us these two major events of 
the yearc 


BPLPSA Pops night has now become a very- 
pleasant annual event. The Entertainment 
Committee reports that reservations have 
been made for Association members and 
their friends on Saturday evening, July 1. 
Details later. Frank Bruno, Chairman of the Special 
Sports Committee reports that one hundred 
tickets have been tentatively reserved 
for the Red Sox-Cleveland night game on 
June 1, 1950. A notice will be sent as 
to purchase of tickets, etc., as soon as 
verification is received. 


There are also rumors regarding another 
Moonlight Sail sometime this late spring 
or summer. Details at a later date. 

It is with real pleasure and gratitude 
that the President of the BPLPSA is able 
to announce, at this time, the anonymous 
gift of ten dollars (iJlilO.OO) to the Asso- 
ciation Treasury, This gift was made by 
an Association member who is of the opin- 
ion that the Association "is playing a 
vital role in the life of the Library and 
that it needs the support of all its mem- 
bers in every way possible". For this 
kind thought so tangibly expressed we are 
most grateful. 


The following letter sent to the 
Director from the President of the Asso- 
ciation is self-explanatory, as is his 

March 29, 1900 

Mr Milton E. Lord, Director 
Boston Public Library 

'illy dear Mr Lord: 

In session on March 28, 19^0, the 
Executive Board of the Boston Public Li- 
brary Professional Staff Association in- 
structed me to request that you express 
to the Trustees of the Boston Public Li- 
brary the sincere appreciation of the 
Association for the advancement of the 

sum of two hundred dollars ($200.00) made 
by the Trustees as an aid in meeting the 
financial obligations of the annual insti- 
tute which is one phase of the In-Service- 
Training Program of the Association. 

Since the expenses of the Institute for 
the year 19U9 exceeded the income only by 
eighty- two cents, it was voted by the Ex- 
ecutive Board to refund to the Trustees 
the two hundred dollars (:;^200.00) v^hich 
they so graciously allowed to the Associa- 
tion, This matter had been discussed at 
previous meetings of the Executive Board, 
but it had been decided to await develop- 
ments regarding the printing of the Insti- 
tute proceedings before making any resti- 
tution to the Trustees. 

However, a late report from Mrs Flannery, 
Chairman of the Irs^itute Ccmni-i^teej re- 
veals that one session is missing from the 
tape recordings, due to mechanical diffi- 
culties. To date it has not been possible 
to obtain a written record of the speeches 
for that session. Therefore it was de- 
cided to postpone the printing or proceed- 
ings until the record could be obtained in 
its entirety.. Since there is a strong 
element of uncertainty regarding the pos- 
sibility of ever receiving the written re- 
ports from the speakers, it vras decided to 
refund the money to the Trustees at this 
time, rather than wait further possible 
developments in regard to the printing of 
Institute proceedings. 

Please extend to the Trustees our sin- 
cere thanks for their support of the Asso- 
ciation-sponsored In-Service-Training pro- 
gram. Y/e appreciate their fine spirit of 

Very truly yours, 

(signed) EDNA G. PECK 

Boston Public Library 
Professional Staff Association 

11 April 19$0 

Dear Miss Pecks 

I have your letter of March 
29, 1950 in which you indicate on behalf 
of the Executive Board of the Boston Public 
Library Professional Staff Association the 
sincere appreciation of the Association 


for the advance of the sum of $200 which 
the Trustees had made as an aid in meet- 
ing the financial obli:-^ations of the an- 
nual Institute which was conducted in 
I9U9 in connection with the In-Service 
Training Program of the Association, 

The vote of the Executive Board of the 
Association to return to the Trustees the 
advance of $200 because of the fact that 
the income from the Institute exceeded 
the expenses incxirred will be brought to 
the attention of the Trustees of the Li- 
brary at their next meeting. 

I know that the Trustees will be 
pleased that the Institute of 19U9 was 
able to carry itself without additional 
aid from outside of the Association. 
This is a development of great signifi- 
cance, upon which the Association is to 
be congratulated. 

May I add my own personal word of 
pleasure and satisfaction in so fine an 
activity as this has been on the part of 
the Boston Public Library Professional 
Staff Association? 

Yours sincerely, 

(signed) MILTON E. LORD 


Mr Aaron Starr, Chairman of the Con- 
cessions Committee, reports that bids 
have been received for kitchen equipment 
and steps are being taken to purchase and 
install the necessary equipment. 


Mr Samuel Green, who has been so help- 
ful in taking care of candy orders for 
the staff, reports that the Easter sales 
of candy amounted to 3i;8 pounds, selling 
for $329.79. This should keep us svreet- 
ened up for quite some time. 


As an affiliated group of SORT , it is 
the privilege of the Boston Public Li- 
brary Professional Staff Association to 
submit nominations for the Steering Com- 
mittee ballot for the coming year. In- 
vitations have been sent to the following 
to serve in this capacity. Miss Julia 

Muse, Public Library Staff Association, 
Atlanta, Georgia; Mr 'Vayne Campbell, 
Penn State College Library Staff Associa- 
tion; Miss Katherine Laich, Los Angeles 
Public Library Staff Association; Miss 
Dorothy Heiderstadt, President, Kansas 
City Public Library Staff Association, and 
Miss Charlotte Ryan, President, San Antonio 
Public Librarian Council. 


The special committee appointed to steer 
the legislation regarding reimbursement of 
pay lost through theft, reports that the 
bill appeared before the Joint Standing 
Committee on Mxinicipal Finance of the 
General Court of the Commonwealth on 
Monday, March 31, 1950. At that time Mr 
William H. Kerr of the Law Department of 
the City of Boston and !ir Sydney Vfeinberg 
representing the Boston Public Library 
Professional Staff Association and the 
Boston Public Library Benefit Association, 
Inc. appeared in support of the bill. 
There was no opposition. The Committee 
v;ill report favorably on the bill which is 
now scheduled to go on the floor of both 
houses of the General Court for engross- 
ment. After approval by the Legislature 
it will be referred back to the City 
Council of Boston for acceptance. Accord- 
to this report, if all goes well, the day 
should not be too far distant when the un- 
fortunate people who lost their pay will 
be reimbursed^ 

E. G. P. 


That the Trustees have again offered 
four scholarships of $100 each for study 
in library schools; and that they have in- 
creased the number of grants toward ex- 
penses of attendance at the ALA meeting in 
July to 10, making them $S0 each rather 
than $100 as in previous years. We are 
sure that these grants will stimulate an 
interest in attendance at the annual con- 
ference and that we will have some enthu- 
siastic reports for inclusion in the 
August issue of Tlie Que sv/ion Mark . 



The Print Department shares with us 
this letter received from Miss Muriel 
Figenbaum who is on leave of absence. 

11 Rue de 1 'Arcade 
Paris 8, France 
Feb. 28, 1950 

Dear Friends, 

I Tjant to tell you something about 
Paris, something about my trip, and what 
I am doing, but there is so much to tell 
that I hardly know where to start. 

Perhaps, since the Bibliotheque Nation- 
ale is a known point, it may be well to 
start there, although I will admit that 
I have been other places than the "B.N." 
of the "Bib. Nat.", the two familiar 
terms to all American students here. As 
I was warned by llr Lord to expect a li- 
brary quite different from ours, I was 
not too surprised to find what I did. 

The library rises abruptly from the 
sidewalk of the narrow Rue de Richelieu. 
It is like all European buildings, built 
around a courtyard which is really .just 
an entrance way in this case. Attached 
to the building and also on the other 
side of the street are large signs saying 
"Bibliotheque. Silence", although this 
seems to m.ake no difference to the famous 
Paris taxi cabs. 

Fortunately I was expected - in fact 
Mr Adhemar had called before the boat had 
even landed to see if I had arrived, and 
then got in contact with me the very day 
I arrived in Paris. He suggested that I 
come in on Monday - and by Monday I just 
barely had my land legs back again. He 
and his assistants were very kind to me 
and showed me the Cabinet des Estampes 
and a bit about hov/ things were done. It 
was rather a strain, I must admit, for ai; 
of my instructions were given in French. 

There are certain requisites for the 
people who wish to use the B.N. French 
students must have their degrees and 
American students must have proper cre- 
dentials. The forms must be filled out 
with all your background, degrees and 
what you are doing - mine was a little 
different because of the previous negoti- 
ations between the two libraries, and the 
fo-m I filled out was really a B.No per- 
sonnel form - two photographs required! 

One of these is attached to your carte de 
lecteur virhich must be shovm everytime you 
enter one of the study rooms. 

As for the Cabinet des Estampes - I show 
my card and sign a book everytime I go in. 
All of the books and prints I ask for are 
also listed by my name. It seems quite a 
simple system, but then they have a very 
large staff to take care of all the rou- 
tine work. As this will probably be read 
by more than just the Print Department I 
will not tell all the little details of 
their system with the prints - except that 
they are very weak in the fields other 
than French. 

Another thing which particularly im- 
presses me every time I enter the library 
are the lines of people waiting for seats 
in the "Salle de Travail." Especially in 
mid-morning or mid-afternoons after the 
early comers are all settled. I don't see 
how they have the patience to wait, be- 
cause once a student is there he stays all 
day it seems - he is even allowed to go 
out to lunch and his seat is held for him 
until 2:30. 

Another department which I hope to visit 
again is that of Medals, Here is really a 
small museum within the library v/here there 
are wonderful collections of coins, medals, 
ancient seals and cameos. It is so valu- 
able that the whole of the exhibition room 
is separated from the rest of the building 
by a large grill, almost like an open iron- 
work wall. To enter one rings a bell and 
the guardian releases the door from his 
desk (like a bank vault), while the door 
is open a bell rings and as soon as the 
door is shut and locked again the bell 
stops. This same procedure goes on when 
one leaves the room. 

I was also shown the photography rooms, 
which were the last word in photography 
for color, for enlarging and various other 
activities. It was an amateur's dream and 
a professional's reality - at least in 
that one place - I have never seen any- 
thing like it. The tvro men who were vfork- 
ing there were considered the experts and 
anything, no matter how rare, was safe in 
their hands. 

The same was true of their bindery, which 
was the "atelier de reliure." Actually 
their ordinary book binding was done out- 
side the library, but this was for the 
special work. I saw women working with 
rare and valuable inanuscripts, mounting 
them on sheets of paper - mounting them so 


that both sides of the page could be read. 
We have prints mounted that way, but I 
really thought it was a lost art. These 
pages Yiere also filled with worm holes 
and each hole vfas carefully patched with 
the same paper. Other rare items were 
being mounted on thin muslin. Certain 
books v;hose bindings were in need of re- 
pair were being fixed and restored. They 
have a collection of the stamps for the 
gold decoration so that they can dupli- 
cate with the very sam.e stam.p used hun- 
dreds of years ago. The whole atelier was 
completely modern with good fluorescent 
lighting, wonderful tile sinks for soak- 
ing paper and everyone seemed to be very 
interested in this vrork. I v;as told that 
the department was very proud of its work 
and I can easily see why they \;ould be. 

I would like to say a little of my first 
impressions of Paris - and then perhaps 
another time I can tell you v;ith more de- 
tail what it is like. First of all, al- 
though I had been -told that France is al- 
ways the first country to recover from a 
war, I somehow expected to see a lack of 
the luxury of Paris. But it is all here, 
all the liixury that must have existed be- 
fore, but no one can afford it, I can 
not quote figures of an average French 
salary but I am sure that it is less than 
ours, but the living expenses are at 
least as high, if not higher. Of course 
living in a hotel, no matter how small, 
and eating in restaurants is bound to he 
expensive anywhere. 

Restaurant meals seem about the same 
price as ours from ii)1.00 up, but of 
course the food is usually superb and 
beautifully served in even the smallest 
place. I walked wistfully past Pruniers ' 
the other day - and will probably sooner 
or later relinquish the 1000 francs that 
their suggested menu cost. 

The shop v^indows are filled with things 
and in the evening the streets are crowded 
with people just vralking around and win- 
dow; shopping. Everyone window shops, but 
try as I might I can't find a French word 
tnat is the equivalent of our "window- 
shop" not even from the French people. 
Ti^ere are many beautiful things, but again 
the prices are prohibitive to a Frenchman, 
and also to the average American who 
worked hard to get as far as Paris. 

The people in the streets, the women 
particularly, are very shabby and it is 
only the wealthy and the models who have 

the chic that we expect of Paris. As far 
as clothes are concerned most noticeable 
is the shortness of the skirts, and ex- 
treme casualness of dress - no one vrears 
a hat! And the girls don't wear kerchiefs 
either, and the weather is really cold and 
damp, and I need either a hat or a ker- 
chief just to keep warm. Everyone wears 
big heavy shoes somewhat like stadium 
boots, but of course, v/ithout the extra 
shoes, and they all wear socks over their 
stockings. It is very cold around the 
floors and also when walking on the street 
the dampness goes right up through the 
usual sole of a shoe. I feel very much 
like a Parisian in my vrool-lined boots 
which came from Thayer-MacNeils. Everyone 
wears them here. 

Paris, the city of Light, is not very 
bright even now - I think they must save 
electricity. The buildings all have 
floodlights around, but they are not in 
use except for special occasions. The 
automobiles do not use light at night 
either (there are street lights) - and 
even when an auto approaches a crossing 
the lights are blinked and that is all. 
I have not yet decided whether this is a 
warning to the pedestrian and whatever car 
might be coming the other way, or v/hether 
it is to enable the driver to see what is 
coming. I'm inclined to think that it is 
a warning to get out of the way, because 
the cars never slow up. In the daytime at 
a crossing, they don't slow up either, 
they just blow their horns at the corner 
and keep on going. 

The French people that I have met, out- 
side of the educated people of the library 
and the students, are amazed to think that 
an American such as myself knev; the vari- 
ous monuments of Paris and could recognize 
them the first time - and to think that I 
had learned all about these things in 
school - perhaps more so because of the 
art history importance. It is also quite 
a shock to them that Boston is not a city 
of skyscrapers. My greatest problem with 
this particular French family was in ex- 
plaining who Paul Revere was, and describ- 
ing hovf Americans eat corn on the cob. 
That was something they asked rae about too. 

Paris weather is also a problem. The 
first vreekend - that of February l8th, was 
like spring - a suit vras all one needed 
and it was such a wonderful way to start 
my stay. Then it turned cold and raw 
again. Even on the warm vreekend Paris 


reminded me of San Francisco - it seemed 
almost noon till the sun could make up 
its mind what to do. Last Sunday, Feb. 
26th - we had bitter cold weather, rain, 
snow, hail, sunshine and thunder and 
lightening, - all in one day. Just like 
New England. I have been surprised that j 
the library has been so well heated, al- | 
though this past week it has been rather 
frigid, but on the whole it is not as bad 
as I expected. Probably because people 
know that winter can't last much longer 
and they don't have to save their coal so 
much as they did in December or January. 

In spite of the cold, there are flowers 
everywhere - the famous stalls by the 
Madeleine tempt one everyday, and no home 
is without its flowering plants or cut 
flowers. At night everyone seems to be 
buying flowers to take home. It's just 
wonderful, I will stop on this most 
beautiful of all subjects and will try to 
write you all again soon. 

Sincerely yours, 



Organization, administration, and manage- 
ment of the Los Angeles Public Library . 
Bureau of Budget and Efficiency, in con- 
sultation with Lovrell Martin. 19lt9. 
Vol. IV Extension service for adults . 
Recommendations for establishing the li- 
brary extension division upon a more 
effective administrative foundation 
through a regional branch system. This 
plan envisions a decentralization of 
present extension service from the 
Central Library to seven regional cen- 
ters which would supply specialized 
services to the smaller branches and 
stations in their districts. (For notes 
on other volumes in this survey see the 
February, 1950 issue of The Question 
Mark .) 
Color and adaptability . Katherine Laich. 
Wilson Library Bulletin, March, 1950. 
pp. 500-501. 

This article is of interest for the 
description it gives of the recently 
opened, streamlined, San Pedro Library 
(California) which will eventually be 
the regional headquarters of one of the 

seven geographic divisions recommended 
in the survey listed above. It will 
serve as a model for subsequent regional 
branches to be established. 
How to make the library a dynamic force 

for social action, Edward L. Bernays. 

T'ilson Library Bulletin, March, 1950. 

pp. U89-U9U. 

A counsel on public relations and pro- 
fessor of public relations at New York 
University takes issue with Dean 
Berelson's conclusions in the Public 
Library Inquiry Report. "The Library's 
Public", that under present conditions 
the library's clientele must remain 
small. Professor Bernays argues that 
the American public and American democ- 
racy can best be served not be restrict- 
ing the library's services to a small 
elite, but rather by expanding its 
services so that more people will use it. 

New York State aid passed on March 2 . 

Charles F. Gosnell. Library Journal, 

April 1, 1950, pp. 5U7-5U8. 

A summary of the background and provi- 
sions of New York's three million dollar 
state aid for public libraries appropri- 
ation bill which v;as passed on March 2, 
culminating five years of study and re- 
search on the problem. 

Library demonstration bill defeated in the 

House . Library Journal, April 1, 1950. 


A report on the debate and voting on the 
Library Demonstration Bill which vras de- 
feated by three votes, 

In-Service Training 

Training the staff to understand library 

problems . May Virginia Valencik. Vlilson 

Library Bulletin, April, 1950. pp. 596- 


Training the staff in processes . Phyllis 

Osteen. Wilson Library Bulletin, April 1, 

1950. pp. 598-601. 

Training the staff for professional partic- 

ipation . Thomas L. Mayer. V/ilson Library 
Bulletin, April 1, 1950. pp. 601-602. 
Training the staff in community participa- 

tion . Violet F. I'lyer. Y'ilson Library 
Bulletin, April 1, 1950. pp. 603-60U. 

Papers on various effective methods and 
techniques of in-service training pre- 
sented in a forum sponsored by the Staff 
Organizations Round Table at the Middle 
Atlantic States Regional A.L.A. Confer- 
ence in October, 19U9. 


Service rating - a tool of supervision . 
Wallace B. Hoffman. Wilson Library Bul- 
letin, April 1, 1950, pp. 605-607. 
Discusses a method of service rating 
based on position classification which 
the author believes answers the princi- 
pal objection to a general service 
rating that it is subjective and there- 
fore results in unfairness and injus- 

L. S. M, 


Miss Rebecca E. Willis, whose retire- 
ment as Branch Librarian at Jamaica Plain 
Branch Library, became effective at the 
close of the day, Friday, March thirty- 
first, had completed more than forty-six 
years of service in the Boston Public Li- 
brary. After having worked in several 
other branch libraries, as First Assist- 
ant since 1911, Miss Willis was appointed 
Branch Librarian at Jamaica Plain Branch 
Library in 1937, succeeding Miss Katie F. 

Miss ViTillis was always a conscientious 
worker and was ever mindful of the inter- 
ests of those viho worked with her. The 
new period of freedom from scheduled 
hours of work will give her time to enjoy 
to a fuller degree her tvro hobbies — 
travel and gardening. 

liliss Rebecca E. Willis was honored at 
luncheon on March tvrenty-fifth, at the 
Red Coach Grill. The festive affair was 
attended by her staff, former colleagues, 
and friends of the library in Jamaica 
Plain. liirs Green, Jamaica Plain Branch 
Library, presented Miss Willis with a 
gold lapel watch decorated vri-th seed 
pearls, a gift from the guests in recog- 
nition of her many years of faithful and 
loyal service to the Library and to the 
community. Miss Helen Dennis and Miss 
Susan Fitz, Jamaica Plain friends, both 
read poems of their own composition, on 
the joys of retirement. Miss Bessie L. 
Doherty, Branch Issue Department, told a 
h^omorous and appropriate story. Tiivo pop- 
ular friends of tlie Branch Library, 
Patrolmen William Dolan and Francis 
Dennehy of Station 13, provided some 

enthusiastically received vocal entertain- 
ment in their own inimitable manner. They 
later led the guests in informal singing. 
The particularly charming favors and place 
cards were designed and made by Miss Clara 
Dennis. The color motif of pink sweet 
peas, carnations, and blue bachelor but- 
tons was also carried out in the table 
decorations. A delightful afternoon yras 
spent in saying "Thank You" to Miss Vailis 
for her imfailing service throughout the 
years . 

On March sixteenth, the situation was 
reversed. Miss Willis surprised her staff 
with a party.' "Santa Willis" brought 
prettily wrapped presents for everyone, 
and, of course, there was food to make 
everything perfect. If the maxim "We get 
what vre give" still works, Miss Willis 
can look forward to a lot of happiness. 


It is rumored that many members of the 
Boston Public Library Staff are planning 
interesting trips for their summer vaca- 
tions. It is a bit early to wish them 
Bon Voyage , but the Publications Committee 
hopes that information will be sent for 
inclusion in the June issue. 


On March 30, in the Staff Lounge, Miss 
Sarah Kushner of the Book Stack Service, 
v:as tendered a surprise shower. Miss 
Kushner is to marry Mr George Marshall on 
Sunday evening, April l6t .The couple plan 
to live in Dorchester, after a wedding 
trip in upper state New York, 



A Branch Librarian sent in the follow- 
ing, with this comment: "Is this a sample 
of ViThat our public thinks of us?" 

"To the Librarians 
Girls? take a good gander at what-s in- 
sideii J I J I J I J .' i I i How to be a librarian 


in one easy lesson: 

1. Be understanding 

2. Listen to both sides of a story 

3. Don't eliminate the v«-ong person 
1|. Don't show favoratism 


Take it from one who knows I 
Follow this and you'll have a much 
better library." 


The new quarters for our South Boston 
Branch Library (386-338 West Broadway) 
are almost ready for occupancy. The Li- 
brary's \7orkmen are now putting on the 
finishing touches — installing necessary 
book shelving, painting, etc., and this 
branch library should reopen sometime in 
early I.Iay. 

-;j^){»; (.-;(— ; 


The John F. Griffin Company, 238 Main 
Street, Cambridge, with a figure of 
$57,300., vras the lowest bidder in the 
competitive bidding for the vrork of e- 
recting and completing a new branch li- 
brary building on Adams Street in 
Dorchester and has been awarded the con- 
tract for this work. Ground is to be 
broken on Tuesday, April 18, At the 
ceremonies on that day will be the 
President of the Board of Trustees, the 
Director of the Library, the Councilor 
from the District, and the Architect, 
Mr Richard Shavir, 


A large stock of A.L.A. membership ap- 
plication forms is awaiting distribution 
to interested and professionally-minded 
members of the B.P.L. staff. The Ameri- 
can Library Association is well vrorth 
your support, and is in effect dependent 
upon it for continued valuable assistance 
to all members of the library profession. 
Won't you complete your application for 

membership now, and don't forget that you 
may apply for a ■*i)50. grant if you are 
planning to attend the A.L.A. Conference 
in Cleveland. 

Ruth Cannell 

Boston Representative 

A.L.A. Membership Committee 



Arrangements have been completed for the 
appearance on television of two more staff 
members who will bring to the attention of 
the public two widely divergent aspects of 
library service in the Boston Public Li- 

On Friday, April lU, at 12 n,, on 
WNAC-TV, Channel 7, (Louise Morgan's 
Shopping Vues ), Mrs Irene Tuttle, Branch 
Librarian in Charge of the Bookmobile, 
will tell of this recently inaugurated 
service which is proving to be a definite- 
ly successful unit in the expansion pro- 

Tuesday, April l8, at li:l5 p.m. on 
WBZ-TV, Channel h, (the Mildred Carlson at 
Home show). Miss Mildred R. Adelson, As- 
sistant at Jamaica Plain Branch Library, 
will speak on an exhibition. Breads of 
Many Nations , which has been shovm at many 
branch libraries, and Y^hich never fails to 
create interest as it is viewed by library 
patrons from many countries. It is an ex- 
hibition which helps to foster the "One 
World" idea, and at the same time helps to 
advertise our cook books, and books on re- 
lated subjects, 


Miss Patricia ITilson has uncovered a new 
use for the mcker baskets used to carry 
shellac, etc., to branch libraries. She 
made an attractive Easter display camou- 
flaging one of these baskets with cello- 
phane and crepe paper, and filling it with 
books. The theme song for this April ex- 
hibit was: "A-tisket, A-tasket 

lifhere's Mr O'Reilly's basket?" 
(We guess that Mr O'Reilly is the driver 
Vifho delivers said baskets to Allston 
Branch Libraryl) 


City Point - . 

On Friday, Mauch 31, 19^0, Mrs Dorothy 
Brackett Ekstrom was entertained at a 
dinner in the Terrace Room at the Hotel 
Statler. Her hostesses were the Llisses 
Catherine P. Loughman, Helen Murphy, and 
Helen Brennan, all fellow staff members. 
Mrs Ekstrom was presented with a lovely 
orchid. The party was in honor of llrs 
Ekstrom 's recent marriage. 

East Boston 

The Fifth Open House was a memorable 
and a happy event due to the many commun- 
ity talents contributed by the neighbor- 
hood. The fifty-seven works by twenty- 
six local artists arranged in the Adult 
Room by Mr Arthur Vif. Heintzelman attract- 
ed much interest. '7ood sculpture, paint- 
ings in water-color and oils, charcoals, 
pen and ink draTri.ngs, pencil sketches, 
wood carving, a hooked rug, and copper 
work represented a wide variety of artis- 
tic media. Y.Tiile several exhibitors are 
professional artists, many are art stu- 
dents and others are amateurs who use art 
as a recreational hobby. 

In the Lecture Hall at eight o'clock, a 
program of dancing and music by other 
East Boston artists attracted a capacity 
audience. From the violin solos by Mr 
Angelo Alibiso of the Springfield Orches- 
tra to the piano selections; of Mrs Anne 
Umana, wife of Representative Uraana, the 
program was varied and representative of 
tnis gifted district. HiSiS Matilda 
Cerulli, student at Teachers College, and 
Mr Remo Turilli sang -songs in English and 
Italian, The eight dances by the students 
of the- Studio of the -Dance vrere other pop- 
ular numbers on the program. 

At the close of the program. punch and 
cookies were served in. the Children's ; 
Room.:. Miss Catherine E.. Flannery, Branch 
Librarian at Orient Heights Branch Li- 
brary and Mrs Geraldine Altman, Branch 
Librarian at Jeffries Point Branch Li- 
brary, presided at the punch bowls, I^Ir 
Milton E. Lord, Director, Mr Francis B. 
Masters on, Trustee, Mrs Ada A... Andelman, 
Supervisor, and Miss Edna' 'ff."Peck, Chief 
of the Book Selection Department, were 
honored guests. 

Jama ica Plain 

Tao Italian exhibit borrowed from the 

Children's Museum has been replaced by a 

collection of Italian articles borrowed 

from friends of the Branch Library and 
staff members. 

Miss Edith Lally has lent' her large and 
beautiful Delia. Robbia plaque, of St, 
Anthony of Padua. 

Mrs Evelyn Green, Mrs Margaret Haverty, 
and Miss Helen Donovan, staff members, 
have contriljutQd articles that add inter- 
est and color to the display. There are 
several pieces of pottery of a gay and 
colorful designj coral necklaces; intri- 
cate mosaic pins and bracelets; tooled 
leather and Florentine jewel boxes; ■ and ...,.....'. 
silver coffee spoons, all depicting daily 
living in Italian life. A jointed vfoodeh ' 
Pinnocchio, to delight a child or lover of 
the famous "wooden-head", stands stiffly 
at attention. Portraying the religious 
side of Italian life and honoring the Holy 
Year are an inlaid triptych, a Florentine 
one, and an exquisitely carved Madonna. 
These devotional objects are painstakingly 
executed and adorned. 

Parker Hill 

Ukrainian Handicraft is the feature. of " ' 
an Easter display,' It was lent through 
the courtesy of Reverend Gregory Tom of 
the Sacred Heart Ukrainian Catholic Church, 
The exhibit consists of exquisite hand- 
painted eggs, a wooden cross inlaid, with 
beads and various colored v/oods makin^g a 
very pretty pattern, embroidery on table- ' 
cloths, napkins, etc. There are also 
small 1/ooden chests with colored beads and 
cut glass woven in intricate design. It 
is a very unusual display, ' •'• 


The artistic .poster work done at this- ', 
branch library has received many favorable 
comments from the public, who .'.look forward 
to each new one. Miss Isabel IJartino, Un- 
classified Assistant, is responsible for 
this work. 

South End 

There is on exhibit a gift of miniature 
toys from the boys and girls of the 
Benjamin Franklin Library of Mexico City. 
These toys, handmade and in many beautiful 
colors, are copies of tables, chairs, 
vases, baskets, etc.,. used by the Mexican 
people. They vrere collected by the chil- 
dren as representative of the toys of the 
poor children of Mexico. Y/hen Miss Eva 
Anttonen, Children !s Librarian of the 
Benjamin Franklin Library, sent us the -toys. 


she enclosed a note which read in part, 
"Please accept the little collection as a 

|"Th\irsday Afternoon Painting Club" from 
the Elizabeth Peabody House. This group 

token of friendship from many of our chil-| consists of several 10-year-old children 

dren here to the South End children." 

This is the latest in a series of ex- 
changes made by the children of the South 
End Branch Library, under the supervision 
of Miss Martha Engler, Children's Librar- 
ian, and the children of the Benjamin 
Franklin Library of Mexico City. 

West End 

The celebration of -Jewish History Week 
from April 16-22 will again underscore tte 
valuable offerings of the Judaica collec- 
tion of literature and art. Facsimiles 
of important documents in American Jewish 
History, such as George Washington's let- 
ters to the Touro Congregation of Newport, 
will be featured. Also on exhibit will 
be reproductions of the famous silhouettes 
of early American Jews by Hannah London, 
Jewish artist. Several valuable mono- 
graphs on American JeTvlsh History by Lee 
M. Friedman, President of the American 
Jewish Historical Society and a Trustee 
of the Boston Public Library, are impor- 
tant items of the exhibit. New bibliog- 
raphies of prose, verse, plays, famous 
people, children's books and audio- visual 
materials relating to American Jewish 
History will also be on display. 

A Labor exhibit is being featured dur- 
ing the month of April in order to attract 
interest to the Scholarship Award Contest 
sponsored by the Education Committee of 
the State Federation of Labor. Oil 
paintings, old photographs, and out-of- 
date books have been lent through the 
courtesy of Miss Ii/Iargaret Wiesman, of the 
Office of the Consumer's League of Massa- 
chusetts, and Miss Ethel Fair, of the 
sponsoring Education Committee, Books 
from the suggested reading list issued by 
the Division of Public Libraries of the 
S.tate Dept. of Education, as well as sup- 
plementary titles, are available for 
circulation. , > ;. 

of the West End who are interested in ex- 
perimenting with all forms of art expres- 
sion, including painting, drawing from , 
life, carving in plaster, clay modelling, 
and pastels. Each child expresses .his 
own feeling in his work, and the result 
reaches far beyond a "pretty" picture or 
piece of sculpture. These children are 
real artists because they do not simply 
try to copy objects as they are, but use 
their imagination in creating pieces of 
work which hold a great deal of emotion 
and feeling for themselves and for those 
who view the results. It will be inter- 
esting to watch this group develop and to 
see what the future holds for its members. 


The Children's Room has attracted an 
unusual number of visitors:, both .adult ' 
and juvenile, during April because of an 
exhibition of arts and crafts by the 

West Roxb\iry 

If there is anyone unfamiliar with the 
poetry of Emily Dickinson, his curiosity 
would have been aroused if he had attended 
the lecture on the evening of April 10. 
Mrs Harold Greene Arnold, editor of the 
Emily Dickinson Year Book and an authority 
on the subject, delightfully presented the 
high lights of the poet's life with es- 
pecial emphasis on her character and per- 
sonality. She stressed particularly the 
fact that her life of retirement helped to 
develop that genius which made her the 
leading American poet. 

After the lecture, .which was well at- 
tended by admirers of Emily Dickinson and 
those who wished to know more about her, 
the audience was invited to view the ex- 
hibit which was arranged by Mrs Arnold, 
Pictures of the Dickinson home inHmherst, 
the family, letters, and rare manuscripts 
of great value are on display during the 
month of April. Three of the original 
manuscripts have been borrowed from the 
Galatea Collection in the Rare Book De- 




American Library Association 
Membership directory, 19h9 
Chicago, 19h9 


American Library Association. Audio - 
Visual Board 

The use of television by the public li- 

Chicago, 19li9 
Illinois Library Association 

Planning school library quarters 

Chicago, ALA. 19^0 
Joint Committee on Library Service to 
Labor Groups 

Public library service to labor groups 

Chicago, ALA, 1950 
Joint Committee of the American Library 
Association, National Education Associa- 
tion and National Council of Teachers of 

A basic book collection for high 

schools, 5th ed. 

Chicago, ALA, 1950 
Lyle, Guy R. 

The administration of the college li- 

New York, H. W. Wilson, 19U9 
Pierce, Watson O'D. 

Work measurement in public libraries 

New York, Social Science Research 

Council, 19U9 
Rider, Fremont 

Compact book storage 

New York, Hadham Press, 19h9 


Any contribution to the Soap Box must 
be accompanied by the full name of the 
Association member submitting it, to- 
gether with the name of the Branch Li- 
brary, Department, or Office in which he 
or she is employed. The name is withheld 
from publication, or a pen name used, if 
the contributor so requests. Anonymous 
contributions are not given consideration. 
The author of the article is known only 
to the contributor and to the Editor-in- 
Chief, The contents of articles appear- 
ing in the Soap Box are personal opinions 
expressed by individual Association mem- 
bers and their appearance does not neces- 
sarily indicate that the Publications 
Committee and the Association are in 
agreement with the views expressed. 

Mrs Wollent 

Should you be the victim of fever or gout. 
You're getting too thin or you're getting 

too stout. 
Your teeth are a wreck and your hair's 

falling out 
See Mrs Wollent, 

If you start forgetting the people you 

Your blood-pressure's high and your 

temperature ' s low 
Or daily you're crippled by cramps in 

your toe. 
See Itrs Wollent, 

Yes, go to her office whenever you're ill 
She'll bake you and swab you and give you 

a pill 
And you can relax 'cause Mayor Hynes pays 

the bill - 
See Mrs Wollent. 

The healthiest people are vrorking right 

For few reach the hospital, fewer the bier, 
So see that you all to her counsel adhere 
¥/hen you see Mrs Wollent. 


Henry Vane it gives me pain 
To see you there so still, 
Vifhen all of us librarians 
Can go about at will. 

You have no hour for your lunch 
Nor do you have relief. 
Existence such as this to me 
Is horror past belief. 

You're always there on holidays 

You get no pay for Sundays 

And still I find you're standing there 

Ylhen I come late on Mondays, 

But though you stand, I don't know why 

I'll look it up in Hist'ry 

And if I don't find out, I guess 

It will remain a myst'ry. 



Dear Friends; 

May I inform you that the CARE package 
which you consigned to General Relief has 
been delivered to a vrorthy and needy re- 
cipient in Berlin Germany. 

V/hen you receive your receipt you will 
note that it bears the signature of the 
person vAose name and circumstances are 
given beneath my signatijre. This selec- 
tion was made by CARE upon the recommen- 
dation of one or more of our Member Agen- 
cies of the city of Berlin, 

YJhere possible the recipient will send 
a note expressing his thanks. In circum- 
stances where he is unable to do so, we 
take this means to convey his heartfelt 

Please be sure that your generous ac- 
tion has been followed through in exact 
detail by this Mission and that we are 
conscious, almost beyond 'expression, of 
the great good that you have done. 

Sincerely yours, 

(sigried) • D. A. OSTRANDER 

I»entzeallee 109 

Below are listed the names of the re- 
cipients included in Mr Ostrander's let- 
ter. Each received one package, 

Frau Irmgard Schlicht, Berlin SW, 

Tempelhofer Ufer 20 

■'5idow with three children. 

Frl. filarie Tfulle, -Berlin-Neukoelln, 

Stuttgarte Platz, 20 Volkschule 

Lives in the Russian sector, receives 
only 10^ of salary in viestmark, is sup- 
porting her mother. 

Frau Christel Freygang, Berlin-Zehlendorfj 

Nieritzweg 2 

'Jidow vri. th tv;o children. 

Frau Liesselotte Duske, Berlin-Zehlendorf, 

Ciaszeile 18 

"adow ivith children. 

GJcela Muenker, Berlin-Schoeneberg, 

Kl'^'ist Str, 3U 

Undernourished, very poor parents. 

Chris ta Lange, Berlin-Neukoelln, IValte 

Str. 1-3 

Four children at home, mother is a 

Herrn Guenther Kamelia, Berlin. W. 35>. •■ . 

Schwerin Str. 13 —y— ■ 

Mother is a widow, seven brothers and 
sisters. Being hungry one of the chil- 
dren has once stolen a sandwich from a 
classmate. Guenther is receiving the 
double portion of school feeding at the 
moment, because he is always hungry. 

Herrn Fritz Rauer, Berlin W. 35? 


Has eight brothers and sister,Si father 

The CARE-prganization, through its rep- 
resentative here, has presented to the 
Helsinki University Library, the National 
Library of Finland; a valuable -collection 
of American literature chiefly from the 
field of medicine. Especially in these 
times when factors' of price and currency 
strongly influence our acquisition of 
American literature, this gift means a 
very great help to research workers in our 

The CARE representative has informed us 
that you have financially assisted in the 
collection of this gift. For the goodwill 
and generosity thus shovm us I beg to ex- 
press our vrarm gratitude. 

Yours sincerely, 
(signed) LAURI 0. TH. TUDEER 
Chief Librarian 
University Library 
Helsinki, Finland 
November 5> 19149 

Some days' ago I received from the Red 
Cross a notice that I should shortly be 
given a' CAflE package. Yestei'day the 
package arrived. 

Whst. joy pnevailed, just in tim.e for 
Christmas — all these gifts — cannot be 
put in words. It helps to alleviate our 
distress. The proverb has proved itself 
true: -"Yifhen the need is greatest, God is 

Something about my personal circumstances. 
I am married and have two little girls 
(13 and 9 years). My husband is missing 
in Russia. There is no news whatever to 
this day. We hope that the day will come 
right soon when we .shall receive a sign of 
life. This uncertainly weighs upon us 
quite specially. Therefore we are partic- 
ularly glad that there are still people 


who have sympathy and help to alleviate 
the distress of others. 

I should like therefore in closing to 
thank you with all my heart for these 
gifts. Wishing you a very merry 
Christmas and a happy New Year, 

I remain 

(signed) ANNA \7ITTICH 

Holzhausen, 22. December 19h9 
b./Homberg Bez. Kassel 

Dear unknown Giver 1 

A day before the Christmas festival the 
postman brought us your gift package. 
The joy that you brought us mth this it 
is hardly possible to describe. Full of 
curiosity my wife and the four children 
stood round me when I opened the wrapping. 
The children performed a veritable dance 
of joy when they held the big cake of 
chocolate in their hands. It was a real 
"gift of the Christ Child" for us. 

To be sure, we can again buy a number 
of things in the shops. America's help 
speaks out of all the windows. But the 
financial means are so small that one has 
to go without much, although one needs it 

I can imagine that every donor will ask 
himself the question: "what family ;vill 
receive the package now, and will it be 
worthy of support at all?" — I should 
like to tell you in a few words into what 
family you have brought Christmas joy. I 
myself am a native of Karlsbad and was 
until the year 1938 a Czech citizen and 
also an employee of the state. My parents 
and grandparents grew up in the Sudeten- ■ 
land. My wife is a native of Holland. 
In the year 1938 > when the German troops 
entered into Sudetenland, I had to emi- 
grate — as I had been active against 
Hitler Germany — and I v/as submerged in 
the capital city of Prag. But when the 
protectorate Bohemia-Moravia was created, 
•'. time of suffering began for me, as I 
Tas taken back to Germany. At last I 
landed, like every German, with the army, 
ard finally in captivity. 19li5 on the 
12th XII my family was expelled from 
Czechoslovakia — also my parents. 7Je 
found refuge in Bavaria, shelter and oc- 
cupation. My seven year old Erika and 
six year old Irmgard attend the first 
grade of the public school, Peter and 
Gerhard (twins) are three years old. 

Besides them I have my father and mother 
in my family circle, as they were exiled 
from Czechoslovakia with 50 kilograms of 
baggage each. Their savings were taken 
from them. The 1,000 marks, which they 
together received as exp .Ision money, they 
have lost through the valuation reform. 
My father is 72 years old; he was a master 
tailor, and had earned so much that it 
sufficed for him and for mother for a 
care-free evening of life — but through 
the expulsion they have lost everything 
and are now dependent on our help, so that 
I now have to care for my wife, for four 
children and the two old people. Just 
from this alone you can estimate what a 
great joy and help you have given us for 
Christmas. Please accept my most hearty 
thanks also in the name of my family. 

Enclosed I send you a little picture of 
our two boys; Peter and Gerhard, v;-ho had 
the greatest joy in the little packages 
that an unknown good uncle from America 
has sent us. Again most hearty thanks! 

Wishing you a most happy 1950, 

Family Oskar Lehretz, 
Marktredwitz Obfr , 

Oscar Loewstrasse 17 
Bayern - GERMNY -US Occupation Zone. 
28. XII, 19U9 

Editor's Note ; Picture referred to is on 
file with Secretary. 

Via the CARE Mission, 109 Lentzeallee, 
Berlin-Germany, we received your food 
package today. 

I'l/'hether you intended it for one of our 
six school-age children or for me makes no 
difference — it will benefit the v;hole 
family of ten heads. 

An intellectual vrorker I am really too 
by profession, but unfortunately already 
half a year without any occupation. 

With your magnanimous gift it is surely 
no unworthy family that you have helped 
better to withstand an undeserved time of 
distress, just at a time, too, when our 
oldest daughter is going to be confirmed 
in two months. 

We two marriage partners have through 
the terrible effect of the war lost all our 
goods and our marriage partners. I'/hen in 
July 19li7 I returned from Russian captivity 
ill and frail, we founded a new family in 
order to give our children father and 


mother again, 

Unfortiinately the unfavorable times did 
not let us attain any unclouded happiness, 
as soon the great time of distress came 
about: the Russian blockade, work short- 
age, currency valuation reform, and now 
unemployment. Hopelessness was already 
taking all our courage av^ay. Your gift 
gives the children and us new courage for 
life, as we see that we are not quite 

We thank you in this way with all our 
hearts, We shall never forget this deed 
of yours as also that of the American 
people — how they, after the crash, had 
mercy on the suffering peoples. 

We wish that this human help may be the 
best corner-stone for a lasting peace 
among the peoples. 

Believe us, please, that it is hard 
when one has lost everything, to rear 
decently eight children, of vifhom at pres- 
ent six are of school age. But our chil- 
dren are worth the trouble; they are 
grateful and show by their achievements 
in school — especially our twins, Fritz 
and Paul — that our education has gone 
the right way. 

Unfortunately my knowledge of the Eng- 
lish language, as also that of the chil- 
dren, is not sufficient to thank you in 
your language. We hope, however, through 
diligence, soon to be able to remove this 
lack. If your time should allow it, we 
should be delighted to receive some writ- 
ten communication from you. It would be 
a spur and would help us to learn. And 
the bridge of the mutual understanding of 
the peoples vrould be strengthened by a 
new stone. 

Thanking you again most heartily, 
we remain with the best wishes, 

Your grateful family 

(signed) Frits Rauer 
Berlin - W35 
Potsdamer str, 168 
March 23, 19^0 

( Editor's Note ; We are indebted to Miss 
Margaret Munsterberg, Rare Book Depart- 
ment, for translating into English three 
of the letters quoted,) 


Some of us have been wondering why it is 
that only those in the Professional Li- 
brary Service are eligible to make appli- 
cation for an A.L.A. Conference Grant, 
During the past few years it has been a 
broad-minded and generous gesture on the 
part of the Trustees to allow grants up 
to ^100 each toward the expense of attend- 
ance at the A.L.A. Annual Conference. 

The basis of selection has been all 
right as far as it goes, preference going 
to individuals who (l) are formally par- 
ticipating in Conference, (2) are likely 
to draw particular benefit from ideas, 
associations, experiences gained from at- 
tendance, and (3) who vdll bring benefit 
to the Library and its vrork by having at- 

However, it seems a bit inconsistent 
that individuals in the Sub-Professional 
Library Service, while being welcomed to 
membership in the A,L,A,, are not con- 
sidered eligible for these grants. Isn't 
it possible that they, too, can benefit 
from ideas, experiences, etc, and come 
back to their work with greater enthusiasm 
and changed vievrpoints? Hov/ can we urge 
greater interest in the professional as- 
sociation on the one hand and stamp out a 
possible incentive for joining on the 
other hand? 



Mr Starr reports that the order for con- 
cession equipment has been placed. 

The Tello-Test question asked on Monday 
evening, April 10, was: "TVhat is the 
largest and heaviest animal that has ever 
lived?" The answer, "Blue V.Tiale", was 
given promptly by Miss Mary Rea, Book 
Purchasing Department, She received $5»00. 
Congratulations to Miss Real 




h ^ 

<»' V * 

Ol^y^'lC^d -^. 

^ COUNTRY Df^^^-^ 

L, Winston - Caller 

Friday, April 21, 1350 • 



(Enter via Courtyard) 

No tickets . pay at door , ADMISSION 60^, tax included 

Wear rubber-soled shoes 

Mrs Margaret Butler - Chairman 

Francis P. Connell 
Mildred E. Francis 

Gerard G. Lyons 
Helen H. Savakian 

Please Post 




i-.,-.^0 X 



.Vo A 


) reJcynU 



^ M 

'ir. Wal.ti?!" Joi.if(?.rs 

President of the Boston Bar Association 

^^ who will relate a recent experience 

"jJcruM tm JhaMi^ i/n a 

Friday Evening;. Apiif Z8, \^-^ 6^ 3-30 p.m, 


c/{n. informal Cict-loaetfier 

will be held in the 
Teachers' Department and Yoiing People's Room 
at 10 o'clock •*..•• Refreshments 


Mrs Geraldine S. Herrick, Chairman 
Mrs Dorothy M. Lovett Mrs Beryl Y. Robinson 
Louis Rains Gladys R. Vifhite 




Published by the Boston Public Library Professional Staff Association 
Volume V, Number g May 19gO 

Publications Committee: Mildred R. Adelson, John M. Carroll, Eleanor DiGiannantonio, 

M. Dorothy Brackett Ekstrom, Sarah M. Usher, Chairman 

Publication date 
The fifteenth of each month 

Deadline for submtting material ; 
The tenth of each month 


In the last month there has been dis- 
tributed by the Special Committee a ques- 
tionnaire on In-Ser-'/ice Training, which 
has been prepared with great care and is 
aimed at obtaining an honest expression 
of opinion so that future programs may be 
planned wisely. The Committee is to be 
commended on its work. 

On the other hand, do the people who 
check questionnaires fully realize their 
implications and will they give support 
readily when the activities in which they 
indicated an interest materialize? Will 
they come to lectures, forums, and vjork- 
shops in sufficient numbers to justify 
the time and effort expended by committee 
members, and the money involved in secur- 
ing speakers? 

Let's look at the attendance at the 
last two functions. True, they were not 
part of an in-service training program, 
but they were Association-sponsored ac- 
tivities. There were fifty-one viho at- 
tended the Country Dance, and expenses 
were barely taken care of. At the Powers' 
lecture there were approximately fifty- 
six staff members present. 

The question logically arises: Has the 
time come to re-examine our set-up? 
Should we face the situation squarely and 
admit what appears to be a fact — that a 
majority of the members of the Associa- 
tion come only to programs for which Li- 
brary time is allovred, or to hear big- 
name speakers such as Bishop Wright, the 
attendance at whose talk tops all so far 
in the Lecture Hall? Should the Program 
and Entertainment Committees be relieved 
of their duties of planning meetings on 
the in-between level, and be empowered to 
arrange social evenings only when they can 
plan a program that would not be dupli- 
cated in other clubs and associations to 
which staff members may belong outside 

the Library — even if such events occur 
only once in two or three years? 

¥e believe that an airing of views on 
this subject would be welcomed by the of- 
ficers of the Association. Won't you ex- 
press your opinion in the next issue of 
"The Question Mark"? 

It is interesting to observe, in pass- 
ing, that one of the most loyal support- 
ers of these affairs is the one member of 
the bibliothecal staff who is not eligible 
for membership in the Association — 
The Director I 



The problem of preserving a stencil for 
the cover of "The Question Mark" for an 
indefinite time without its becoming torn 
or accidentally mutixated before it begins 
its natural deterioration has been one to 
which the Publications Committee has given 
consideration in the past year. In order 
that the cover design chosen by the Asso- 
ciation might be no longer subjected to 
such hazards, the Committee sought a solu- 
tion to its problem, and finally decided 
upon a printed cover, the contents contin- 
uing in mimeographed form. It was learned 
that this combination is frequently used 
for similar publications. 

Permission was requested to have the 
cover printed in the Boston Public Li- 
brary Printing Department, This was 

Miss Mildred Somes, the designer of the 
cover, was asked to make the necessary 
black-on-white drawing. This she did. 
Mr Heintzelman vras asked to examine the 
finished sketch. This he did, and found 
no changes to suggest. 

The Executive Board was asked to auth- 
orize an expenditure of money for having 
the cut made. This they did. 


So, you see, the result which graces 
this issue has been made possible through 
the unhesitating cooperation of many in- 
dividuals. The Publications Committee 
gives them sincere thanks. 



New Staff Members 

Miss Ingrid E. Kyler, Fine Arts Depart- 

lirs Elsa S. Weinberg, Cataloging and 
Classification Department, Reference Di- 


Mr Paul A. Kennedy, Circulation Divi- 
sion Office, to Uliss Mary Reardon of 
Dorchester. Miss Reardon is a senior at 
Boston Teachers' College where Mr Kennedy 
is working for a Master's Degree in Edu- 

Mr Sidney ITeinberg, Science and Tech- 
nology Department, Patent Room, to Miss 
Lois Kovner of Brockton. A fall wedding 
is planned. 

Miss Mary Groden, Book Stack Service, 
to Mr Anthony Querela of South Boston. 

Miss Patricia Taylor, Book Stack Serv- 
ice, to ?.Ir James Halley of Dorchester, 


Mr Charles W. Murphy, Book Purchasing 

Miss Mary E. Cullinane, Cataloging and 
Classification Department, Reference Di- 

Miss Lucy M. Manzi, Cataloging and 
Classification Department, Reference Di- 

Miss Lola M. Robinson, Book Stack Serv- 
ice, to be married. 

Mrs Annette L. Sherman, Personnel Of- 
fice, to remain at home. 

Miss Joan R. Nill, Mattapan Branch Li- 
brary, to be married. 

Miss Natalie C. Herman, Book Stack 
Service, to be married. 


Miss Evelyn Levy, Children's Librarian, 
Brighton Branch Library, 

Miss Florence McHanus, First Assistant, 
Brighton Branch Library. 



On Friday, April lU, the Grill Room at 
the Copley Square Hotel was the scene of a 
reception in honor of Miss Evelyn Caswell 
and llr John M, Carroll, whose wedding took 
place on April 22, Many library friends 
of the couple attended. Gifts from the 
Reference Division and Supervisor's Offi- 
ces and a group of friends were presented 
by Mrs Sarah W, Flannery, History Depart- 

Mr Martin Waters, History Department, 
provided solos at the piano, and also ac- 
companied Mr Eamon McDonough, General Ref- 
erence Department, and the "quartet" in 
their vocal contributions. The wish to 
the bridal couple was one of future luck 
and happiness. A good time was had by all. 

On Wednesday evening, April 19, Miss 
Alice O'Brien was hostess at a bridal 
shovrer in honor of her sister Miss Frances 
O'Brien, Registration Department. The 
shower was attended by various members of 
the Boston Public Library Staff. Miss 
O'Brien received many lovely gifts. 

On Friday evening, April 21, a bridal 
shower for Miss Lola Robinson, Book Stack 
Service, was held in the Women's Lounge. 
Many lovely gifts vrere received. Refresh- 
ments were served. 

Mrs Annette L, Sherman v:as the guest of 
honor at a dinner party given by Mrs 
Elizabeth L. liVright at her home on April 
22, for the staff of the Personnel Office. 


On Thursday, Hay I4, Miss Pauline Uccello, 
Cataloging and Classification Department, 
Reference Division, was tendered a shower 
in honor of her forthcoming marriage. The 
groom- to-be, Ifr Vincent Puglisi, is a mem- 
ber of the Art Department for Loew's 
Theaters. The wedding is to take place on 
June h' 

The lounge was gayly decorated in pas- 
tels and many lovely gifts were received. 
Approximately thirty-five members of the 
Library attended, and refreshments were 


On Sunday evening, May 7, Itrs Mary Quinn 
Smith (formerly a member of the Book Stack 
Service) was hostess at a miscellaneous 
shower at her home in West Roxbury, given 
in honor of Mss Natalie Herman, Book 
Stack Service. Among the friends who at- 
tended were many BPL staff members and BPL 
Alumnae who enjoyed reminiscing, as vrell 
as admiring the many gifts the bride-to-be 

After their monthly meeting on May tenth 
the Children's Librarians adjourned to the 
Red Coach Grill to attend a luncheon in 
honor of their two brides-to-be, Miss Ann 
Connors, South Boston Branch Library, and 
Miss Ruth Riceman, Connolly Branch Library. 
The "surprise" angle worked out beautiful- 
ly, and neither girl had any idea until 
she reached there what had been planned 
for her. They were presented Mflth lovely 
spring corsages and just before dessert 
opened their gifts -ivhich were also doubles. 
They were each given sterling silver Paul 
Revere bowls. 

Guests were Miss Elizabeth M. Gordon, 
Deputy Supervisor in Charge of Vfork mth 
Children, and Mrs Helen Sagoff Berko-witch. 
The heavy rain did not put a damper on the 



Miss Sarah Kushner, Book Stack Service, 
was married to Mr George F, Marshall on 
April 16. The ceremony and reception were 
held at the Congregation Adath Jesherun in 
Dorchester. Mr JMrshall is a senior at 

At 9:00 o'clock on the morning of April 
19, in St. Bridgid's Church, South Boston, 
Miss Victoria Venezia, Book Purchasing 
Department, was married to Mr Francis Xo 
Cronin. The ceremony was performed by the 
groom's uncle, Father James Cronin. A re- 
ception was held at Foresters Hall, South 
Boston. Mr and ?'rs Cronin are honeymoon- 
ing in New York and Washington, and on 
their return will live in South Boston. 

Of interest to all members of the staff 
was the marriage of Miss Evelyn F. Caswell^ 
former Assistant in the Science and Tech- 
nology Department, to Mr John M, Carroll,, 
Deputy Supervisor in the Reference Divi- 
sion and Chief of the General Reference 
Department o 

The impressive ceremony took place on 
Saturday, April 22, at a Nuptial Tfess at 
the Gate of Heaven Church in South Boston, 
in a setting of peach gladioli. Chimes 
and several well-chosen vocal selections 
added to the solemnity of the occasion. 

The attractive bride was lovely in an 
ivory satin gown, which had beaded flowers 
superimposed on a panel of exquisite lace. 
Attached to her close-fitting cap of satin 
vras a chapel veil of illusion,; The bridal 
bouquet consisted of beautiful gladioli and 
orchids. Miss Josephine Casvrell, sister 
of the bride, govmed in rose-beige chiffon 
was maid of honor, and pretty little 
seven-year-old Virginia O'Brien, niece of 
the bride, in hoop-skirted blue taffeta, 
served as junior bridesmaid. The happy 
groom was his usual dignified self, and 
had as his best man his brother, Mr Joseph 
F. Carroll. 

Among the congregation assembled for the 
ceremony were many present and former mem- 
bers of the Library staff. A wedding 
breakfast and reception immediately fol- 
lowed the ceremony at the Hotel Somerset, 

Mr and Mrs Carroll have recently re- 
turned from their honeymoon in Bermuda to 
their Bay State Road apartment. 

Miss Rose DiPasquale, North End Branch 
Library, was married to Mr Mario Gielja en 
April 27, at St. Leonard's Church, M:.5S 
Dorothy K. Becker, North End Branch Lj.- 
brary^ was the bride's only attendant, Mr 
and Mrs Giella spent their honeymoon in 
Bermuda . 


IJiss Frances O'Brien, Registration De- 
partment, became the bride of lUr Willis 
F. Starke on Sunday afternoon, May 7, at 
St. Mary's Church, Cambridge. For her 
wedding Miss O'Brien chose a coral suit, 
and a large natural straw picture hat. A 
reception followed the ceremony at the 
home of the bride's father. The couple 
will reside in Cambridge following a 
motor trip through the Vifhite Mountains. 

At an impressive candlelight ceremony 
on Wednesday evening. May 10, in the 
TiTashington Street Baptist Church, Lynn, 
Miss Lola Marie Robinson, Book Stack 
Service, and Mr Donald MacKay of Lynn 
were married. 

The bride looked beautiful in a govm of 
v;hite satin with a lace bodice and over- 
skirt and a full length veil v/ith a coro- 
net of seed pearls. 

Her five attendants wore lovely govms 
of embroidered organdy over taffeta in 
rainbow colors of blue, peach, yellow, 
green, orchid, and large pictures hats. 
Miss Sheila Pierce, Book Stack Service, 
served as one of Lola's bridesmaids. 

The wedding, and reception at the 
Thompson Club, Nahant, were attended by 
many guests from the Library, 

llir and Mrs llacKay vrill make their home 
in Lynn after a honeymoon trip to upper- 
state New York, 


WE VffiLCOME HOME, after a long hospital- 
ization. Miss Editha Evfing, 955 Beacon 
Street, Newton Center S9' 

Mr John J. Connelly, formerly a part- 
time assistant in the Statistical Depart- 
ment, celebrated his first Mass at St. 
Peter's Church, Dorchester, at 11:30 a.m., 
on Sunday, May 7. Several of his former 
colleagues were present. 


Announcement has been made of the birth 
on April 22, of a son, Joseph, Jr. to Mr 
and Mrs Joseph Milo. Mrs Milo is the 
former Sally Trentini of the Cataloging 
and Classification Department, Reference 

Announcement has been made of the birth 
on April 21, of a daughter, Joelle, to Mr 
and Mrs Joseph Ross. lUrs Ross is a former 
member of the General Reference Department 

Announcement has been made of the birth 
of a daughter, Norine Dolores, to Mr and 
Mrs Paul Dobay, on April 9, Mrs Dobay is 
the former Dolores Massoay of the Book 
Stack Service. 


"Lithuanian Night" at South Boston 
Branch Library, by llrs Irene H. Tuttle, 
appeared in The Wilson Library Bulletin 
for March 1950, page 527 — in the section 

The report of the Massachusetts Library 
Association Midwinter Meeting which ap- 
peared in The Question Mark for February 
was abridged for inclusion in the MLA 
Bulletin. The contributors were: Mrs 

Helen Hirson, Mr Paul Moynihan, Miss 
Sigrid Robinson, Miss Pauline Winnick, 
Miss Edna G. Peck, Miss Dorothy F. Nourse, 
and Miss Ruth S. Cannell. "In Memoriam — 
Bertha V. Hartzell" by Miss Christine 
Hayes, was reprinted. Several items were 
also included. It is gratifying to know 
that our Association bulletin has furnished 
material for the State's library associa- 
tion bulletin, 



On May 11, at 10:15 a.m., the Round Table 
of Children's Librarians held a meeting in 
the Lecture Hall. Mrs Louise Seaman 
Bechtel of the staff of THE NE17 YORK 
HERALD-TRIBUNE spoke on Plenty That's Good 
Besides Horses: A Look at the Spring 

Books with Louise Seaman Bechtel 


Just a reminder that the annual meeting 
of the MLA will take place on Wednesday, 
May 17, in Worcester. Are you planning to 



Since the last report of the President 
to the Association through the pages of 
The Question Mark , there have been two 
meetings of the Executive Board. At the 
first one held on April 25, Miss Pauline 
Yifalker, Chairman of the In-Service Train- 
ing Committee, submitted the preliminary 
re;^ort of the Committee » The Board 
agreed viith the report on all major 
points and gave permission for the send- 
ing out of the questionnaire as submitted 
to all Association members « The results 
of this questionnaire, if it is con- 
scientiously answered, should reflect the 
attitude of a majority of the staff mem- 
bers on this vital question. 

At the second meeting of the Executive 
Board, on May 9, Miss Alice Hackett, 
Chairman of the Special Committee Appoint-' 
ed to Study Personnel Rating Procedures, 
with the possibility of recommending the 
establishment of a Committee of Review or 
a Board of Appeal, presented the Commit- 
tee's report. It was discussed at length. 
The Board accepted it with a few minor 
changes, and asked the Committee to pre- 
sent the report at the next business 


The May business meeting of the Associa- 
tion will be held in the Lecture Hall on 
Friday morning, Ifey 26, at 9 o'clock. 
Notices of the meeting, with agenda, have 
been sent to all departments and branch 
libraries. It is hoped that all Associa- 
tion members vfho can possibly do so, will 
make an effort to be present. The busi- 
ness meetings give everyone an opportuni- 
ty to make suggestions, comments, and 
criticisms. If you agree or do not agree 
with certain policies and procedures as 
carried on by the Association, the busi- 
ness meeting gives you a grand opportuni- 
ty to say so, in the place and the manner 
in which it will do the most good. The 
vitality of an organization depends on 
the interest of its individual members. 
Are you supporting the BPLPSA with your 
whole heart? Do you attend the social 
functions planned by the Program and En- 
tertainment Committees? Do you make an 
effort to be at all business meetings? 
Do you pass on to the Executive Board for 
consideration some of your ideas for 

wider activities on the part of the Asso- 
ciation? If every member could answer 
"Yes" to each one of these questions, what 
a thriving organization we vrauld be I It 
might be v/orth trying, just to see how 
vital we could be with 100^ effort and 

The Program and Entertainment Committees 
are to be congratulated on the successful 
culmination of two social events. They 
were successful as evidences of fine com- 
mittee work; they rrere successfal in that 
everyone i/iho came thoroughly enjoyed him- 
self; they were not successful from the 
point of view of staff participation. 
Attendance at the Country Dance vras re- 
duced by the weather, one of those "April 
showers" that proved to be a deluge o The 
result was that the party just about made 
expenses, i/iith but little to add to the 
treasury. The lecture by Mr Walter Powers 
was exceptionally fine. It was unfortu- 
nate that so many Association members 
failed to avail themselves of the opportu- 
nity to spend a thoroughly delightful 
evening. It was noted that several Asso- 
ciation members brought guests to this 
meeting. This practice should be more 
widely adopted. It gives people an oppor- 
tunity to see library vrorkers in a setting 
unfamiliar to the general public. It also 
gives the library personnel an opportunity 
to play host to their friends in an in- 
formal setting. The next time there is a 
social gathering why don't you plan to 
come and bring a friend? The Association 
members arc certainly to be commended on 
the fine response to the request for funds 
to provide refreshments at the recent 
social meeting. In fact, by a little 
Scotch thrift and adroit management, it 
was possible to pass over to the Treasurer 
approximately $^0 t 00 to be earmarked for 
refreshments at the next social gathering. 
The fine response this time means that the 
financial outlay for the next such meeting 
is already adequately provided for. A de- 
tailed report of the financial results of 
these two social gatherings will be given 
at the May business meeting, by Miss Mary 
A. Hackett, Chairman of the Entertainment 



Mr Aaron Starr, Chairman of the Conces- 
sions Coiranittee, reports that all the 
units for the concession are here. Now 
all that remains to be done is the instal- 
lation, and lo and behold we have a con- 
cession right under our own roof. 

Mr Sidney Y/einberg and Mr Louis 
Polishook, the Special Committee appoint- 
ed to steer through the legislature a 
bill making it possible to reimburse 
those library employees who lost their 
salaries by theft last December, report 
that the bill has been signed by the 
Governor and that the City Clerk is pre- 
paring the necessary documents for the 
final stage of this legislation. The 
Committee hopes that within a relatively 
short time the money will be forthcoming. 


On Tuesday, May 9, at 11 a.m., Mr Paul 
Munier appeared on the Tucker Talks pro- 
gram over WBZ-TV, telling of the research 
he did at the Boston Public Library in 
connection with the forthcoming Boston 
Jubilee. He showed pictures taken from 
books from the Rare Book and Music De- 
partments which are now on exhibit in the 
outer lobby at Central Library. 

On Tuesday, May l6, at U:l5 P»m, over 
WBZ-TV on the Mildred Carlson at Home 
program, Mr Arthur \'L Heintzelman, Keeper 
of Prints, will demonstrate "How to Make 
a Drypoint." This marks the fourth ap- 
pearance on television of a member of the 
staff since January 19^0, each bringing 
to the public a different aspect of ^vork 
at the Boston Public Library, 


Ye Greene Candie Shoppe has been in 
business again. The proprietor, Mr 
Samuel Green, reports that 123 lbs. of 
candy at a cost of :i)121.l6 was sold for 
Mother's Day. The Association is grate- 
ful to Mr Green and his assistants in the 
Business Office who make possible this 
privilege of purchasing candy at such a 
remarkable discount. 


"any Boston Public Library staff members 
were guests of The Horn Book, Inc . at the 
College Club, i;0 Commonwealth Avenue, 
Wednesday evening, May 10, when Miss 
Margaret C. Scoggins, Young People's 
Specialist of the New York Public Library 
was the guest speaker. Miss Scoggins 
spoke of her experiences in Europe where 
she spent four months of 19U9 as repre- 
sentative of the American Library Associa- 
tion and The Rockefeller Foundation in 
the establishment of the World Youth Li- 
brary at Munich, Germany. Miss Scoggins 
had the opportunity to talk with and ob- 
serve young people at work and play in 
Germany, France, Holland, and England. 
She is firmly convinced that young people 
are fundamentally the same the world over. 
She found no resentment tovrard German 
youth among the young people of the other 
European nations. All the young people 
of Europe want to forget the war and its 
horrible aftermath. They have a firm 
faith in the future, and an unshaken con- 
viction that peace is possible, if the 
adults of the world do not misuse their 
responsibility to build world unity. Miss 
Scoggins gave her audience a renewed re- 
spect for and faith in modern young 
people. Her enthusiasm was contagious and 
the audience left with the feeling that 
if only all the world could be young, vdth 
none of the cynicism and mistrust of matu- 
rity, the hope for world peace vrould be in 
safe hands. 


The library bowling league ended its 
season Yfednesday, Tfey 10. Frank Bruno's 
bombardiers, Frank, John Sullivan, Pat 
Harrington, and George Vazakas, won handi- 
ly from Don Ross's team, Don, Parker 
Kennedy, Dave Sheehan. They will be pre- 
sented prizes at the Hotel Bradford's 
Circus Room Yfednesday, May 1?. The league 
was a success with about thirty-five pecple 
faithfully reporting each vreek. The 
league will start again next September or 
October. An article in The Question Mark 
will notify all bowlers. We hope to have 
a far larger crowd next season. 

As for prizes: Eileen Wilson, top 
average for girls; Pat Wilson, high string; 


Dot Morgan, high three; Don Ross, top 
average for men; Paul McGillicuddy and 
Bob Williams, high three; Mike Venezia, 
high single. They will also be given 
prizes at the Bradford, 

So long until next September] 


In the Lecture Hall on Friday evening, 
April 23, some seventy Association mem- 
bers and friends were welcomed by the 
President, Miss Edna G. Peck, who intro- 
duced Ivlrs Geraldine Herrick, Chairman of 
the Program Committee. Mrs Herrick, 
in turn, introduced the speaker, Mr 
Walter Powers, President of the Boston 
Bar Association. 

His fascinating talk, however, had 
nothing to do with the court room or the 
lawyer's office; on the contrary, it was 
a sharing with his listeners of the 
pleasures he experienced during a seven- 
day trip down the Thames River in a kayak. 
As a preface to his remarks, Mr Powers 
answered briefly three questions put to 
him by Mrs Herrick before the meeting in 
anticipation of queries that might arise. 
He took the trip in a kayak because he 
likes it and considers it the best form 
of canoeing. He did not take the kayak 
with him, but bought it over there — at 
Oxford. He did not camp out, Mrs Powers 
accoir^Danied her husband to the starting 
point. From there on, while he paddled 
his blue kayak leisurely dovm the Thames, 
she sav;- the surrounding country from a 
hired automobile, arriving each evening 
at an inn or hotel vriiich had been pre- 
viously agreed upon as the place vfhere 
they would spend the night. 

Fir Powers chose the Thames because it 
is an interesting river — vanding, nar- 
row, fairly clean, and beautiful. There 
are 36 locks, all but 2 of which are 
worked by hand, but there are no falls, 
no rapids, and no dangers, except in 
times of heavy rain. Fortunately for him, 
there was no rain during the seven days. 
The only difficulty he encountered came 
in the first seven miles when he had to 
propel his craft through blanket vreed, 
his vivid description of v/hich identified 
it as something to be definitely avoided. 

Supplied with canned orange juice, 
lemon juice, and vrater, orangeade and 

lemonade were "on tap" at all times. This, 
together with unsweetened biscuits, maple 
sugar and candy, made most satisfying re- 
freshments during periods of relief from 
paddling. Mr Powers had brought vidth him 
a generous supply of cigarettes, vjhich 
proved popular as gratuities and v/ere dis- 
pensed judiciously. 

Having furnished his audience mth these 
preliminary details, Mr Powers went on to 
outline the trip day by day, identifying 
the country through which he had passed by 
sketching its historical background, and 
relating interesting incidents which have 
contributed to the significance of the 
inns, cathedrals, etc., which he and his 
wife visited. 

Mr Powers spoke informally and pleasant- 
ly, revealing a delightful sense of humor. 

The members of the Entertainment Commit- 
tee, under the chairmanship of Miss Mary A. 
Hackett, brought the evening to a happy 
conclusion by serving refreshments in the 
Young People's Room. There was an oppor- 
tunity for chatting v;ith the speaker and 
with friends. 


On Friday evening, April 21, the Asso- 
ciation sponsored a country dance in the 
Lecture Hall. The evening was thoroughly 
enjoyed by the fifty-one who braved the 
elements and came out on one of the storm- 
iest nights of the month. The Committee, 
under the chairmanship of Mrs Margaret D. 
Butler, is to be congratulated on its 
choice of an excellent caller, Miss L. 
Tfinston. Refreshments of coke and cookies 
were served by the Entertainment Committee, 
Miss Mary A. Hackett, Chairman, 



It will be no surprise to ball fans to 
learn that the 100 tickets v.'hich had been 
reserved for members of the Association 
for the Red Sox-Cleveland night game on 
Thursday, June 1, "went like hot cakes". 
To those who are still hopeful of joining 
this party, we regretfully announce that 
there are no more tickets available. 



Hotel Marigny 
11 Rue de 1 'Arcade 
Paris 8, France 
April 15, 1950 

... I left Paris March 9, and returned 
just after Easter ... 

I decided that it would be better to 
take an early vacation, especially if I 
wanted to avoid the tourists whom I ex- 
pected would be going to Italy in droves. 
Paris was quite cold when I left, heading 
south for Marseilles and Nice. I had ex- 
pected to take a beautiful bus trip along 
the coast from Marseilles to Nice, but 
arrived at the railway station at 
Marseilles in the evening to find the 
city in partial darkness because of a 
strike and no buses running out of the 
city for the same reason — so by train 
to Nice. I did enjoy it there — saw a 
wonderful Matisse exhibition — but of 
course, the high spot of the trip was 
Italy. I again went by bus from Nice 
along the coast to Genoa, then to Rome by 
train, I stayed in Rome for five days, 
and was busy every minute seeing as much 
of the city as I could. The museums and 
the beautiful churches were most inter- 
esting — and the ruins of the ancient 
Roman city really made one ' s knowledge of 
ancient history live. Perhaps most inter- 
esting to me was my meeting the artist 
Giogio de Chirico at the Galleria dell' 
Obelisco, where I went to see if I could 
find any information on contemporary 
Italian print-making. I was invited the 
following day to have afternoon coffee 
with him and his wife, and see some more 
of his work. There seem to be two camps 
just now — for and against his work. 
When I saw his little advertizement for 
Fiat cars, I could see why I 

Well, there is so much to say about 
Rome that it is better for me not to try 
to say anymore in this short note. I 
left Rome to go to Florence, another bus 
trip. This time it was a special bus 
trip organized by the Sita bus company, 
and included many stops at points of in- 
terest and involved three days instead 
of the usual one. Doing this I was able 
to see the beautiful churches at Orvieto, 
Siena, Assisi, and San Gimignano. The 
town of Perugia also was most interesting 

for its early Etruscan ruins and gates. 
It was the first trip of the season and 
in addition to being rather cold as far 
as weather went, it was also early for the 
tourists, and believe it or not, I had the 
whole bus to myself for three days. I 
will admit it was a bit lonely at times, 
and the roads were so curving that I did 
not dare talk to the driver for fear we 
would go over the edge. Every time we 
attempted a conversation it was a mixture 
of French and Italian and he would turn 
completely around to talk to me, not 
looking at the road. His French was as 
bad as my Italian, so you can imagine the 
conversations. However, it was a beauti- 
ful trip, and the Italian countryside 
brings every painting of the Italian mas- 
ters to life — all the little hill towns, 
perched right up on top, the vineyards, 
and the funny little trees that one sees 
so often in Leonardo and Raphael. 

Florence is magnificent. I have never 
had such a wonderful time, but yet such a 
tiring one. There is so much to see, so 
many beautiful world-renowned works of art 
that one is just completely overwhelmed. 
One has to take into consideration the 
peculiar hours, and just not try to do any- 
thing at noon time — just wait until 
things are open again. Perhaps the most 
impressive was the Uffizi where one sees 
Titians by the half-dozen and other famous 
things as well, the Botticelli's for ex- 
ample. Part of the Uffizi was damaged 
during the bombings and is closed, but 
most of the paintings that cannot be seen 
at the Uffizi are at the Pitti Palace and 
can be seen there. I was so pleased to 
see the Ponte Vecchio — the only bridge 
that was left standing by the Germans; the 
others are now just metal one-way traffic 
bridges which serve the purpose and that 
is all. One has been rebuilt as it was 
before and probably the others will be in 
time. The things that moved me most were 
the beautiful Fra Angelicos in the San 
Marco Museum, of course, the great Michel- 
angelos (the Medici Chapels), and a beauti- 
ful Perugino fresco in a little out-of-the- 
way convent, where if you ring the bell a 
little girl will come and let you in and 
you may look in solitary meditation as 
long as you wish. There is so much there 
that it is difficult to describe all of 
the wonderful things — but whoever is 
coming next — allow more than three days 
if you are interested in art. 


Fron Florence I went bus riding again 
to Venice. Yes, it is possible to take a 
bus to the city of water. You are left 
on the outskirts and from there, take a 
gondola. This bus was Ciat, another bus 
company of the "gran tourisme". We were 
three this time, three passengers, two 
bus drivers and a hostess, all these last 
dressed in a very natty broivn. How they 
love uniforms there J The high spot of 
this trip was going over the mountain 
pass just outside of Florence and then 
the stop at Ravenna to see the mosaics. 
They are beyond all imagination — just 
look at the reproductions in the Fine Arte 
Department and think of them as being 
much, much lovelier. There mosaics are 
the most important in Italy. 

Venice itself was rather cold, but 
picturesque. I often wondered just \';hat 
the mode of transportation vrould be — 
that is for every-day work for the people 
who lived there. There seem to be vari- 
ous methods in use, of course, the most 
picturesque is the gondola, which is 
slow, rather expensive, and rather chilly 
in the winter, but fun all the same. 
There are also motorscafi, v;hich are 
really motorboats which go along at a 
fairly good speed, spoil the atmosphere 
of Venice, and of course, are covered. 
For the average Venetian and the tourist 
as well, the most economical is the 
vaporetto, which is the streetcar of 
Venice. It is a fairly large boat, vjlth 
both open and closed sections vifhich plies 
along the Grand Canal, making stops at 
frequent intervals, alternating its stops 
on either side. It is a lot of fun just 
to ride from one end of the Grand Canal 
to the other, watching the people and the 
palaces. There are also frequent traghet- 
tos (ferries) which take people across 
from one side to the other in little 

I went back to Paris by way of I?ilan, 
v;hich was hot and humid after the cold 
freshness of Venice. Milan is beginning 
to get cleaned up after the bombings and 
there are many evidently new buildings, 
and old buildings which are getting new 
interiors. The cathedral vras untouched. 

I had not realized the extent of the 
damage around Leonardo's "Last Supper". 
I expected the natural deterioration of 
the fresco, but did not realize the place 
had been bombed. All but two walls were 
completely demolished and have now been 

rebuilt; about all that remained standing 
after the Vv'as the "Last Supper" 
and part of another wall — a miracle J I 
also managed to visit La Scala, where I 
saw "La Tosca". 

From Milan I went up through S7;itzerland, 
enjoying the beautiful scenery and seeing 
print dealers. It seems strange to know 
people by sales catalogues only and then 
suddenly to actually see the people and 
the gallery. Berne and Lausanne both have 
outstanding print dealers. Prices, of 
course, are high in S^vitzerland, as every- 
where, but there are all sorts of American 
goods that can be bought. For the first 
time I saw packages of Kleenex, American 
soap, and all the nylons you could want — 
stockings, blouses, etc. Italy had Ameri- 
can soap and things but not in abundance 
as in Switzerland. I spent Easter in 
Vevey, v/here I visited friends of I.'r A: 
Heintzelraan and had the opportunity to see 
their former residence, way up on a hill 
above Vevey overlooking the Lake of Geneva 
(Lac Leman) and the Dents du Midi. Here 
I had beautiful vreather, fairly warm, with 
magnolia trees in bloom and all the spring 
flowers just coming out. Easter reminds 
me a bit of the Fourth of July at home — 
especially if it falls on a vreekend. 
Everyone goes away for Easter, to the old 
home, to the country, to the city, or 
somewhere. The holiday starts Thursday 
evening, and most everything is closed up 
until the follov/ing Tuesday — just the 
thing to start in Boston. 

Novr I am back in Paris, the vreather is 
a bit vrarmer, and the trees are beginning 
to come out. Practically all of the Li- 
brary staff has been on vacation for the 
last week or so, and the rest will be away 
for the next two weeks. The Library 
closes for two weeks in April every year 
to get itself cleaned up and ready for 
the students again. I believe the exhibi- 
tion galleries are open, but the study 
rooms are closed. I vras told that I would 
be able to get in, however, so we will see 
when Monday comes. 

The exhibition there at present is well 
vrorth mentioning — a collection of the 
"chefs d'oeuvre de L'Albertina de Vienne", 
which contains some of the most celebrated 
drav;ings in the v/orld. That study of 
hands by Durer, and the drawing of the 
rabbit, that everyone knovfs, and beautiful 
Rembrandts, as vrell as many other drawings 
of all schools. 


Just a last word on the Paris fashion — 
skirts are getting shorter again — but 
you probably read all about it in the 
American magazines anyv;ay. I really feel 
a little bit peculiar in my last spring's 
suit, which is a bit long for Paris. 


Very sincerely yours, 
Muriel C. Figenbaum 



As the result of interest expressed by 
members of the Boston Public Library 
staff who have trained or studied under 
the direction of Mrs Bertha V. Hartzell, 
a committee has been formed to consider 
the possibility of establishing a memori- 
al in her honor. Money will be raised by 
voluntary contributions from those who 
are interested in this plan, and there- 
fore the final decision on the form of 
the memorial ^irill be made when the com- 
mittee knows the amount of money availa- 
ble. Contributions may be sent to Mrs 
Bertha Keswick in the Branch Issue De- 
partment in the near future. 

Several suggestions have been made and 
discussed concerning the form of such a 
memorial, including: 

1. A scholarship for study in a library 

2. Books for the Staff Library 

3. A lectureship 

a. In connection vdth the Library 
In-Service Training program 
In connection with Boston Public 
Library Professional Staff As- 


sociation In-Service Training 


A permanent object or piece of equip- 
ment for the Staff Library 
The committee hopes to receive comments 
on these ideas, as v:ell as any further 
suggestions. They should be addressed to 
the Chairman, Miss Dorothy Shaw, Periodi- 
cal and Newspaper Department, as soon as 

The members of the BERTHA V. HARTZELL 

Miss Dorothy P. Shav;, Chairman 
Miss Anne F. Coleman, Secretary 
liirs Bertha S. Keswick, Treasurer 
Mrs Geraldine T. Beck 
Miss Elinor E. Day 

Mr Charles J. Gillis 

Miss Evelyn Levy 

Miss Pauline A. Walker 



The Special Committee on CARE would like 
the members of the BPLPSA to know that on 
May 5, a check for $200, was presented to 
Mrs Madeleine Frawley at the New England 
Office of CARE. That news should make all 
who helped feel proud of their part in 
sharing in this worthy cause. 

Fifteen ten-dollar food packages are to 
be sent to the following countries: 
Netherlands, Norway, Italy, France, Japan, 
Belgium, Israel, and Czechoslovakia. The 
last named coiintry will not have any more 
packages of any kind sent to it after June 
l5. We have been informed that all agen- 
cies, including CARE, have been ordered 
out of the country by that date. 

Fifty dollars has been turned over to 
the CARE'S BOOK PROGRAM to be used for the 
purchase of books to be sent where most 

The Committee vj'ishes to thank all for 
their generosity and expresses the hope of 
continued participation in this good work. 
The Committee believes that the following 
letter from CARE will be of interest: 

Dear Miss Lambert: 

ViTill you please convey to the Boston Public 
Library Professional Staff Association my 
congratulations and sincere appreciation 
for the outstanding support it has given 
to CARE in the past two years. 

Through the funds contributed by the Asso- 
ciation, CARE food and textile packages - 
and, most recently, new books - have 
brought sorely needed help to library 
workers in Europe and Asia. 

Despite the strides toward recovery, the 
people overseas remain in need of direct 
aid. Italy has over 2,000,000 unemployed. 
Food and clothing are still priced out of 
reach for most families in Western Germany, 
where wages average $^8 a month. In Great 
Britain, meat remains rationed at 3/h lb. 
to one lb. a vreek. In France, the average 
worker earns $hB a month, but must pay 
food prices equivalent to our ovm - 65(i a 
dozen for eggs, 80^ a pound for butter. 


In Pakistan, over 8,000,000 destitute 
refugees live in crowded camps. In 
Manila, where inflation has pushed prices 
sky-high, the contents of GARE's i)10 
Philippine Food Package would cost $20. 

These figures show the continued need for 
CARE. The continued support of your or- 
ganization can do much to keep bringing 
CARE to those who need it. Just as im- 
portant as the material aid, is the 
person-to-person assurance of democratic 
friendship that goes -with your CARE 
gifts - a tangible expression of the de- 
sire of Americans to help build one world 
xinited in understanding and peace. 

Sincerely yours, 
(signed) Paul Coraly French 
May 9, 1950 Executive Director 


Helen L. Lambert, Chairman 
Doris N. French 
Florence K. Goodman 
Bertha Keswick 


There is now on view in the Venetian 
Lobby, to the left of the entrance to the 
Young People's Room, the oil portrait of 
the late John Deferrari, Boston Public 
Library's munificent benefactor. In ac- 
cordance with the terms of the John 
Deferrari Indenture of Trust, dated July 
1, 19li7, the portrait has been placed in 
a prominent location, eventually being 
intended to hang in the wing or room that 
will bear his name. Prior to Mr 
Deferrari 's death, and since the accept- 
ance of the portrait by the Trustees, it 
has hung in the Trustees' Room. The por- 
trait was displayed briefly in the main 
lobby at the time of its completion by 
the eminent American artist, Leopold 
Seyffert, in 19i;3. The Venetian Lobby has 
been hung in handsome crimson drapes that 
do much to bring out the richness of the 
execution of the portrait. Cut flovrers 
help make this a dignified but vrarm trib- 
ute to the late benefactor of the public 
through the field of library service, 

Mr Deferrari 's recent death brings to 
mind the surprise that attended the an- 
nouncement of the generous gift that he 

made to the Library in 19U7. Staff mem- 
bers who had seen Mr Deferrari using the 
Library had good reason to be especially 
gratified that their service to him as an 
individual did nothing to impair his view 
of librarians as the intellectual execu- 
tors of the ideals he wished to make pos- 
sible for the young people of the communi- 
ty to learn about and to live up to through 
books. This is brought out by the follow- 
ing statement which has been quoted by 
many nevfspapers and is on the card on dis- 
play beneath the portrait: 

"On July 1, 19li7 Mr. John Deferrari, 
a life-long resident and businessman 
of Boston, established THE JOHN 
of the Boston Public Library, 

"Himself the beneficiary of its 
facilities throughout his life, 
Wjt, Deferrari wished to call 
attention to the great opportunities 
which the Library offers to young 
people, regardless of race, creed, 
or fortune, to move from simple 
beginnings to wide and successful 
accomplishment by dint of aoplication 
and by sturdy development or character. 
His counsel to all was to 'Hake good 
use of your time, keep learning, and 
play fair, ' 

"The FOUNDATION will amount eventually 
to .^2, 000, 000. This will be in 
addition to providing $1,000,000 for 
the erection of a JOHN DEFERRARI WING 
to the Central Library Building," 



Algren, Nelson 

The man with the golden arm 

Garden City, N. Y. , Doubleday, 19h9 
Bowles, Paul P. 

The sheltering sky 

New York, New Directions, 19U9 
Bristov/, Gwen 

Jubilee trail 

New York, Crowell, 1950 
Calmer, Ned 

The strange land 

New York, Scribner, 1950 
Gary, Joyce 

The horse's mouth 

New York, Harper, 19UU 


Du Maurier, Daphne 

The parasites 

Garden City, N. Y. , Doubleday, 19h9 
Forester, Cecil S^ 

Mr Midshipman Hornblcver 

Boston, Little, Brov.Ti, 19^0 
Goudge, Elizabeth 

Gentian Hill 

New York, Coward-McCann, 19h9 
Hersey, John 

The wall 

New York, Knopf, 19^0 
Jennings, John E. 

The sea eagles 

Garden City, N. Y., Doubleday, 1950 
Marshall, Bruce 

To every man a penny 

Boston, Houghton Mifflin, 19l|.9 
Shellabarger, Samuel 

The King's cavalier 

Boston, Little, Broi.Ti, 19^0 


Bush, Vannevar 

Modern arms and free men 

New York, Simon & Schuster, 19i;9 
Highet, Gilbert 

The classical tradition 

New York, Oxford, I9I4.9 
Hogben, Lancelot T. 

From cave painting to comic strip 

New York, Chanticleer Press, 19u9 
Illinois Library Association 

Retirement provisions for public li- 
brarians in dovvTistate Illinois 

Urbana, 19li9 
Jacoby, Osvrald 

Complete canasta 

Garden City, N. Y. , Doubleday, 19.^0 
Kane, Harnett T. 

Queen Nevir Orleans 

New York, Morrow, 19h9 
Library literature, 19liO-ii2, 19[|6-[t8 

New York, I'/ilson, 19h3, 19h9 
McCormack, Lily 

I hear you calling rae 

Milwaukee, Bruce, 19U9 
Minnesota University. Division of li - 
brary instruction 

The use of books and libraries, 5th ed. 

Minneapolis, Univ, of Minn. Lib., 19U7 
Princeton University. Department of 
Economics and Social Institutions. In - 
dustrial Relations Section ^ 

A trade union library, 19U9, 5th ed. 

Princeton, N. J., Princeton Univ., 19h9 

Savage, Ernest A. 

i^.lanual of book classification and dis- 
play for public libraries 

London, Allen & Unviin, 19^9 
Taylor, Robert L, 

Yif. C. Fields 

Garden City, N. Y. , Doubleday, 19h9 
Tharp, Louise H. 

The Peabody sisters of Salem 

Boston, Little, Brovm, 19^0 


Disloyalty by imputation or by due process* 
Verner VJ. Clapp. Library Journal. April 
15, 1950, p. 678 et seq. 

All who read this article will be amply 
rewarded by the discovery that the arti- 
cle is one of the sanest and clearest 
approaches to the "use vs. abuse" con- 
troversy relative to the A.L.A. loyalty 
investi ■nation resolution that has yet 
appeared in print. One. could wish that 
this statement receiveci^at' least equal 
to the many other, but less lucid, papers 
on the same general topic. Companion 
pieces to the Clapp article are two 
others on the same topic whiclx would re- 
pay careful reading, 

First California returns on the Public Li- 

brary Inquiry . Edvfin Castagna. Library 
Journal, May 1, 1950. pp. 7U1-UU. 

If the reactions of this group of U50 
Southern California librarians to the 
conclusions and recommendations of the 
Public Library Inouiry, as reported in 
this article are typical of the reac- 
tions of the profession as a whole, 
Dr Alice Bryan's findings in her study 
The Public Librarian (as reported at 
various library gatherings but not yet 
published) may well be substantiated. 
The discussions as a whole were charac- 
terized by suspicion and distrust of the 
experts undertaking the investigations, 
and self congratulatory satisfaction 
with the status quo. Most discouraging 
of all v;as the general ignorance on the 
part of librarians of the content of the 
volumes of the study. As one discussion 
leader reported, "except in a few cases 
it was clear that no new approach was 


considered, nor was there any sign of a 
revolution in basic thinking about the 
function or the scope of the library". 
The few dissenters from the majority, 
mainly from the larger libraries, were 
not so complacent and expressed the fear 
that we are in danger of losing the very 
public that Dr Berelson has pointed to 
as providing our greatest opportunity. 
Supervision in Libraries; "^''/hat it is — 
and V/hat it takes , by Edward B. Stanford, 
A.L.A. Bulletin, April 19?0, pp. 119-121. 
This is the first in a series of articles 
on the role of supervisory work in the 
library field. Dr Stanford is Chairman 
of the A.L.A. Board on Personnel Admin- 
istration. Members of the staff who at- 
tended the Pre-Conference Clinic on 
Personnel Administration at the A.L.A. 
Conference held in Atlantic City in 19i|8 
will remember that Dr Stanford was the 
able chairman vAo was responsible for 
the outstanding success of the program. 
If not the People's University — Then 
What?, Public Libraries, T'arch 195b-ppc~3-l8, 
This is made up of four papers presented 
at a symposium sponsored by the A.L.A. 
Public Libraries Division, the Trustees 
Division, and the Extension Division, at 
the A.L»A. Midv.dnter meeting in Jamiary 
1950- These are answers to the conclu- 
sion expressed by Dr Robert Leigh in his 
i.e., that the role of the public librarj^' 
"..cis the role not of the people's 
university, but of the library of the 
people's university." They are by one 
non-librarian, Mr Y'oodrovj- M. Strickler, 
Director, Division of Adult Education, 
University of Louisville, and three 
librarians, Iv!r Emerson Greenavvay, 
Director, Enoch Pratt Free Library, 
Baltimore, Mr Ralph A. Ulveling, Director, 
Detroit Public Library, and Mrs Carma 
Russel Zimmerman, State Librarian, State 
of yfeshington. 
Q uackery in the Public School s, by Albert 
Lynd, The Atlantic, March 1950, pp. 33-38. 
This article on professionalism in the 
field of education might be read, sub- 
stituting "library" for school, etc., 
with amusement by some of the less self- 
conscious members of the library profes- 


East Boston 

May 8 savi the opening of the annual 
Spring Book Festival in the Children's 
Room. The decorations featured a maypole 
in the center, surrounded by gaily colored 
maybaskets, while pastel posters carried 
out the theme around the v/alls. Response 
to the spring reading contest was attrac- 
tively displayed by the individual may- 
baskets the children filled v^ith flovtfers 
as their scores mounted. On Monday and 
Tuesday afternoons special story hours 
were held; spring, and its attendant re- 
turn of the skipping rope, was celebrated 
v;ith the telling of E lsie Piddock Skips in 
her Sleep , and Sir James M,. Barrie's 
birthday was called to attention with the 
telling of his well-loved P eter Pan a 
Since an unfortunate series of mishaps 
forced the cancellation of the puppet show 
scheduled for "/ednesday, the children sav/ 
two puppet films. T he P ri ncess and the 
Dragon, and T hree Fox Fa bles. On Thursday 
a musical program was provided by the Flvite 
Club ox the Central Square Center, and 
Friday the movie program consisted of The 
Honest l"oodsman and The Hare and the 

Tortoise. Nearly a hundred children have 

proved eligible to receive the rrold key 
book-marks which indicates that they have 
filled a library card v/ithout incurring a 
single fine, 

Jeffries Point 

On the evening of May 1, Jeffries Point 
Branch Library played host to the Frolic 
Club, a group of teen-agers who meet Mon- 
day evenings at the Marginal Street Centre. 
VtTien one of the social workers told a re- 
cent meeting of the Jeffries Point Neigh- 
borhood Covmcil that this club — their 
first experiment in a mixed group of boys 
and girls — had become so popular that the 
Centre was hard put to provide space and 
entertainment for them, we suggested bring- 
ing them in a group to the Library for a 
film shovdng. We further suggested that 
the boys and girls select from our Film 
Catalog the pictures they would like to 
see. Fortunately, we were able to provide 
their first choices — The Kiver , and The 
House I Live in . About fifty yo'ong people, 
many of Y/hom do not reguD.arly use the Li- 
brary, came v;ith their group leader. Be- 
fore the films were shown, we had an op- 
portunity to renew cards, suggest install- 
ment payments for those whose cards were 


finable, and to help the youngsters se- 
lect books. It was a pleasant evening 
for the boys and girls, adding variety to 
their usual Monday night meeting, 
Jeffries Point Branch Library was happy 
to be able to cooperate in this way with 
a neighborhood agency serving young 

South Boston 

The Library's carpenters and painters 
are putting the finishing touches on the 
new quarters at 336-388 West Broadvray, 
and it is expected that the branch library 
will re-open there early in June, 

Uphams Corner 

On May 8, at 7:30 p,m. , twelve girls 
from the Uphams Corner Girls ' Club took 
part in a olay called, "Hubbub on the 
Bookshelf", The girls had made their own 
costumes. Teachers and parents were in- 
vited to attend and approximately 55 were 
present. After the performance an onpor- 
tunity was ?iven for an examination of 
new spring books. Punch and cookies were 
served in the Children's Room, 

West End 

Patrons and friends v\rho recently had an 
opportunity to meet Miss Shirley Graham, 
author and composer, at a Negro History 
Week program at this branch library, will 
be interested in the interview by Harriet 
B. Blackb'orn in the Christian Science 
Monitor, Thursday, April 2?, 

The very colorful and graphically por- 
trayed statistics on the causes and ef- 
fects of Cancer which the VJ'est End Branch 
Library exhibited the first tvro weeks of 
May created a noticeable reaction. Many 
visitors carried off the literature sup- 
plied to the branch library through the 
courtesy of the American Cancer Society. 

Already a part of the Boston Jubilee 
Program, with the branch library's appear- 
ance in the Boston Post's Jubilee notes 
on May 2 and 3, plans have been made to 
exhibit an extensive collection of West 
Endiana which has grovm considerably 
since its beginning in 1930, as a feature 
of the Boston Tercentenary observance. 
This display, including books, clippings. 

and pictures, will be on view from May 

A shoviring of paintings and photographs 
by Mr Robert Hayes and Mr Robert Rollins, 
Y/est End artists and library patrons, on 
May 2l4.-June 7 v/ill be the first in a sum- 
mer program of exhibits. Mr Rollins, a 
career artist, will exhibit landscapes. 
Mr Hayes, a painter for the past tvirelve 
years, will show portraits, as vrell as ex- 
amples of his art in photography. Art 
lovers and amateur brush-vd.elders are in- 
vited to attend. 

On Saturday moining, April 29, an origi- 
nal play entitled "The Humble Aunt" was 
produced at the West End Branch Library by 
a small group of girls before the usual 
story-hour audience and several mothers. 
The play vras written and produced by Lora 
Byrnes, a 7th grade pupil in the William 
Blackstone School. Miss Byrnes hopes to 
write and produce several other plays for 
similar audiences at the branch library in 
the coming months. 

The Spring Book Festival was observed 
with appropriate book exhibits and with 
the beginning of a series of Saturday 
trips planned for West End children. On 
May 13, a group of fifteen children, with 
the Children's Librarian, Miss Elinor Day, 
visited the Christian Science Monitor 
Maparium. This was a new experience for 
most of the children, and was much enjoyed 
by all. Other similar trips are olanned 
for the summer months, including visits to 
the new temporary Science Museum, Otis 
House, The Riverside Press, and other 
points of interest v/ithin the Boston area. 

Besides the usual Summer Reading Club 
plans, arrangements are being made to in- 
troduce Tfest End children to music appre- 
ciation. Small groups from the nearby 
playgrounds will be invited to visit the 
branch library during the hot summer days 
for a quiet half-hour of listening to re- 
cordings ^ At the same time, books on music 
and musicians will be introduced to the 
children, and stories specially chosen for 
the occasion will be told to liven their 
interests During the Esplanade season, it 


may be possible to take groups to the 
morning concerts. 



Any contribution to the Soap Box must 
be accompanied by the full name of the 
Association member submitting it, to- 
gether with the name of the Branch Li- 
brary, Department, or Office in which he 
or she is employed. The name is withheld 
from publication, or a pen name used, if 
the contributor so requests. Anonymous 
contributions are not given consideration. 
The author of the article is known only 
to the contributor and to the Editor-in- 
Chief. The contents of articles appear- 
ing in the Soap Box are personal opinions 
expressed by individual Association mem- 
bers and their appearance does not neces- 
sarily indicate that the Publications 
Committee and the Association are in 
agreement with the views expressed. 

To the Soap-Box: 

I was very annoyed to see, at the bot- 
tom of "A Reading List Suggested by the 
Boston Public Library in connection with 
the film 'All the King's Men,'" a box 
with the blurb "Columbia's Great Movie 1" 
followed by the names of the principal 
actors. I did not think that the publi- 
cations of the Boston Public Library, 
however small, were to be used to adver- 
tise the products of business or industry. 

The attemp to stimulate interest in 
books and knowledge is a valid purpose of 
a Library; it is another matter, however, 
if in the process the Library becomes a 
prey, or rather, a party to the blatent 
commercialism spewed forth by Hollowood, 

Gammer Gurton 

Editor ' s Mote ; fJe are informed by the 
Information Office that book lists for 
use on bookmarks are prepared by a member 
of the Library's Staff only after that 
person, if possible, and always a member 
of the staff of the Information Office, 
has seen the picture. The bookmarks are 
then printed by the Theater, after proof 
has been submitted to the Library, in 
quantity for distribution both at the 
theater and at the Library, without e x- 
pense to the Library. The policy is to 

delete extravagant advertising, but that 
referred to above "got by". Often these 
lists stimulate interest in books not re- 
cently popular. Tlie use of booklists on 
theater bookmarks seems to be one satis- 
factory way of bringing the Library to the 
attention of a large number of potential 
users without the Library's being involved 
in the expenses of such advertising. 

YJhenever there is a shower in the lounge 
or kitchen after five o'clock, there is 
nowhere for staff members who work at 
night to sit and read or talk in comfort 
and without feeling an interloper. Re- 
quests have been made at various times that 
the Staff Library be kept open until six 
and on Saturdays, by various staff members. 
The reoly has always been that there is no 
one to lock it up as the Personnel depart- 
ment is not open. Most of the \vomen on 
the staff wash or sew or clean house or 
shop on their morning off. After that, 
and an afternoon of \'rork, relaxation is 
needed in order to refrain from chevi-ing 
off the heads of the public' during the 
evening session. It Yrould be a distinct 
service not only to the staff but to the 
public if the Staff Library might remain 
open until six on such occasions at least, 
if not alvrays. And on Saturday many em- 
ployees Y/ould appreciate the atmosphere of 
the Staff Library at relief and lunch time, 
even if they did not want to look up some- 
thing there as they often do. Is there no 
one else in the building trustworthy l^x- 
cept the Personnel Office? Couldn't the 
Supervisor "sup" there at these hours? 


I'm tired — and it isn't spring fever 1 
This is permanent. I'm tired of staff 
manners in the vramen's lounge, I'm tired 
of moving tables and chairs to get to my 
favorite chair. I'm tired of seeing the 
clutter of candy papers and fruit peelings 
in an ashtray I am about to use, instead 
of in the wastebasket. I'm tired of loud 
blasts from the radio left on by a "devotee" 
vrho has left the room. I'm tired of said 
radio playing so loudly no one can relax 
or read. I'm tired of clouds of dense 
smoke because someone is too lazy to cross 
the room to turn on the exhaust fan (the 
button to the right of the middle door, in 
case you didn't know). I'm tired of dirty 


sofas and chairs because girls viho knov/ 
better put their feet on them without re- 
moving their shoes. Page Emily Postl... 
or even your mother 1 Good manners have 
often been defined as putting yourself in 
another's place and giving no cause for 
offense. It only takes a couple of 
seconds to move a chair back where it be- 
longs, to reach for a wastebasket, to put 
away a card table, to take off your shoes, 
to snap off the radio,, »and how much more 
pleasant it makes life for everyone! 

There is a class of worker in this Li- 
brary system that has been thoroughly dis- 
criminated against since 1938. No — it is 
not the poor sub-professional this time! 
It is the professional assistant in the 
Reference Division! Should not the pro- 
motional examination system be revised so 
that the Reference Division assistant has 
a fairer chance for advancement? Let us 
look at the situation. 

In the Circulation Division the promo- 
tional examinations for steps III through 
V are, in general, the same for all. And 
the staff member vj'ho passes such an ex- 
amination, in theory at least, has as 
many chances for promotion as there are 
branches (plus some departments in the 
Central Library) . But, in the Reference 
Division, the case is far sadder. In 
these specialized departments the examina- 
tions are based on the subject field, and 
practically no two departments have simi- 
lar fields. Therefore when an assistant 
passes an examination for steps III 
through V in this Division, he may remain 
all his life unpromoted, because he has 
only the ONE chance in his own department 
in competition, of course, vrith several 
fellow-departmental workers. And vacan- 
cies above him rarely occur. He can, of 
co\irse, take examinations in another de- 
partment v^hich, in theory again, gives 
ONE other chance for promotion, and that 
in competition with staff members who have 
had experience in that department as he 
has not- Also these examinations take 
years of study into iinknown and very 
specialized fields. Even if the employee 
can manage by studying for years to pass 
examinations for several other depart- 
ments, he still has far fewer chances for 
promotion and for that all-important (to 
him) pay increase! Then, too, there is 

that most important question of morale. 
He may be more capable than some of the 
Circulation Division personnel but he re- 
mains a 3d stepper while the Circulation 
Division assistant who came into the serv- 
ice the same year (or much^much later, as 
is common) becomes a Branch Librarian with 
the resultant prestige, personal satisfac- 
tion, and higher pay. Can any employee be 
expected to go on contributing his best 
efforts year after year when he has no re- 
ward for his vrork and what is worse, little 
hope for the future? 

Granted that the underlying purpose of 
the promotional system is to provide titu- 
lar positions with incumbents who know 
their field, most vrell-trained and inter- 
ested professionally-minded reference as- 
sistants can LEARN a nev field in a rea- 
sonably short time by actually working in 
it, far better than they can from cramming 
for an examination or taking courses in 
the field. Nor has the Administration ap- 
parently considered lack of subject back- 
groiind a handicap in other cases when 
staff members have been given chief-ships 
in departments out of their fields, and 
that in the Reference Division in the past 
five years. 

If the Reference Division assistant is 
to be penalized along promotional lines 
should not some other pay increase be 
granted him to keep him on a level Y^rith 
the Circulation Division employees who 
entered the service at approximately the 
same time and with no more outstanding 
capabilities and background? Or does the 
Reference Division assistant continue to 
pay a penalty for possessing specialized 
knoT/ledge which is of great use to the 
Library, regardless of his ability? 



On Friday, May 12, Miss Julia Barry, 
Assistant at Faneuil Branch Library, was 
honored at a "bon voyage" party at the 
Abner T.Tieeler House, given by her co- 
workers. Miss Barry sails for Europe on 
June first. She was presented with a 
travelling clock. A good time was had by 








; 1 1 


t .( 


V .. .. 


best ion 


Published by the Boston Public Library Professional Staff Association 
Volume V, Number 6 June 19^0 

Publications Committee: Mildred R. Adelson, John M. Carroll, Eleanor DiGiannantonio, 

M. Dorothy Bi'ackett Ekstrom, Sarah M. Usher, Chairman 

Publication date : 
The fifteenth of each month 

Deadline for submittinr.: material ; 
The tenth of each month 


The reports of three special committees 
which were read at the Business Meeting 
are of such importance in their scope and 
implications that a careful study of them 
is recommended to each member of the Asso- 

1. Report on In-Service Training 

(Appendix A) 

2. Report on Personnel Service Ratings 

(Appendix B) 

3. Report on Sabbatical Leaves of 

Absence (Appendix C) 

Believing them to be valuable contribu- 
tions toward furthering the aims of the 
Association as stated in the Constitution: 

"to foster professional librarianship 
and to further the common interests 
and welfare of the professional staff," 
they are being incorporated into this is- 
sue of The Question Mark as appendices. 

All three reports are the work of com- 
mittees made up of individuals who have 
approached their tasks with open minds, 
have accurately evaluated the purposes to 
be achieved, and have gathered pertinent 
background information from dependable 
sources. Their recommendations are 
thought-provoking and forvrard-looking. 

Apropos of the report on sabbatical 
leaves, it may be remembered by those who 
were on the staff at that time that in 
1930 and 1931 recognition vras given to the 
value of travel when there v;as granted 
three weeks • additional vacation vilth pay, 
for travel, to each of three members of 
branch library staffs. Nineteen years 
have elapsed since that innovation, which 
could not be developed further presumably 
because of the series of economic crises 
which followed. 

Perhaps never before in the short life 
of the Association has its membership had 
reason to be so much concerned with what 
.Tay be the outcome of studies made by its 
special committees. 


New Staff Members 

Mrs Dorothy S. Rosen, Charlestovm Branch 
Library (Mrs Rosen fortaerly worked part 
time at the West End Branch Library), 

Miss Jeanette L, Lipinski, Office of the 
Division of Home Reading and Community 

Miss Eleanor L. Jewett, Trustees Office, 

Mrs A].ice Riley, Charlestovm Branch 

Miss Joyce Silhavey, Jamaica Plain 
Branch Library. 


Miss Joan Donlon, Book Purchasing De- 
partment to Personnel Office. 

Miss Marie F. McCarthy, Cataloging and 
Classification for Home Reading Services 
to Book Pui'chasing Department. 

Tilrs Rose C. Leavitt, Office of the Divi- 
sion of Home Reading and Commxmity Services 
to West Roxbury Branch Libraiy. 

Miss Rose L. LaConca, Office of the Di- 
vision of Home Reading and Community Serv- 
ices to Book Stack Service, 

Miss Helen M, Donovan, Jamaica Plain 
Branch Library to Bookmobile, 


Miss Frances L, Shine, Trustees Office, 
to do graduate vfork at Cornell University, 

Miss Ruth Riceman, Connolly Branch Li- 
brary, to be married. 

Mr Earle Rankin, Music Department, 

Practice Student 

Mr Anthony M, Alden, a Simmons College 
chool of Library Science student, did his 
practice work in the General Reference De- 
partm.ent from June 5-9, 1950. 


Library Visitor 

Miss Concordia Sanchez, a student at 
the Columbia University School of Library 
Service, visited the Library on June $, 
1950. She is Chief of the Readers' Sec- 
tion of the University of the Philippines 
Library in Manila. 


On Saturday, April 29, the staff of the 
Mattapan Branch Library v/as entertained 
at a buffet luncheon at the home of lirs 
Florence Goodman. The party was a fare- 
well to Hiss Joan R. Nill, Children's 
Assistant, Virho was married on May 2? to 
Mr Henry Talmadge Rowland at the Robinson 
Memorial Church, Syracuse, New York. The 
staff presented Miss Nill vri. th a hammered 
aluminum ice bucket. 


On Tuesday noon. May 9, the members of 
the Open Shelf Pepartment gave a luncheon 
at Salmagimdi Tea Room in honor of Mrs 
Patricia Laubach, Unclassified Assistant. 
Mrs Laubach and her husband moved to 
Oregon on completion of Mr Laubach 's 
studies at Boston University School of 
Theology. ?Irs Laubach vras presented with 
a white pique blouse. 

On May I8, a shower was tendered Miss 
Eleanora Fiorio, Book Purchasing Pepart- 
ment, in the staff loxmge, by her friends 

On IVednesday, May 2k, Miss Sigrid 
Robinson was the guest of honor at a bon 
voyage luncheon given for her at 
Salmagundi Tea Room by the members of the 
Open Shelf Pepartment. Miss Robinson was 
presented with a Virhite nylon blouse and 
corsage of spring flowers. 

A shower was given for Miss Anne Connors 
by Mrs Irene Tuttle and Miss IJIadalene Holt 
on Friday, May 26. The staffs of the 
South Boston and Charlcstovm Branch 

Libraries, together special guests, 

surprised Miss Connors with attractively 
vrrapped gifts overfloT:ing a large May- 
basket. Only one set of duplicates was 
found - practically a record! Refresh- 
ments in the form of ice cream Maybaskets 
and a vihite bridal cake carried out the 
theme. Guests unraveled the story of Miss 
Connor's courtship by supplying book ti- 
tles for an original game. The completed 
version was then presented to Miss Connors 
as a hand-illuminated and illustrated 
"Bride's Book". The party was held at the 
Beacon Hill apartment of Miss Madalene 
Holt and Miss Porothy Nourse, 

On Friday, May 27, Miss Alice E. Bulman 
of Connolly Branch Library, was given a 
surprise shower by the members of the 
staff. She is to be married on August 6, 
to Mr Paniel Galvin of Dorchester. 

On Friday, June 2, mem.bers of the staff 
of the Office of the Pivision of Home 
Reading and Community Services (nee Circu- 
lation Pivision Office) entertained Mrs 
Rose Leavitt at a luncheon at the Red 
Coach Grill. Before leaving for the 
luncheon Tfrs Leavitt was presented with a 
gold bracelet and matching earrings, a 
gift from her many friends in Central. 
r.Irs Leavitt returned to branch work on 
June 5 J at the West Roxbury Branch Library. 

On Saturday, June 3j a luncheon was 
tendered Miss Gladys Rosenberg at the 
Hi-Pa -Way by the staff of the Mattapan 
Branch Library. Miss Rosenberg has been 
an extra assistant at Mattapan since 19UU 
when she was a high school student. She 
was graduated June 12 from Boston Teachers' 
College and' will assume a position as a 
special class teacher in the Boston Public 
Schools. The staff presented Miss 
Rosenberg with a wallet. The occasion vras 
also a reunion for many of the girls who 
worked at Mattapan in the past five years. 

Miss Beatrice Palmer, Children's Librai 
ian at Porchester Branch Library, was 


tendered a shower on Saturday afternoon, 
June 3j at the Toll House in Vi[hitman. 
The bride-to-be was given a place setting 
of silver as a wedding present from her 
friends and co-workers present. Miss 
Palmer was married to Mr A. Philip 
Frederick on Saturday, June 10, at 
Charlestown, Nev; Hampshire, 


A "bon voyage" party was held on J\ine 7 
in honor of Miss Gloria Shine, Children's 
Assistant at Dorchester Branch Library, 
who will sail for Europe on Monday, June 


Miss Frances L. Shine vras guest of 
honor at a farevrell dinner party at 
Durgin-Park on Thursday evening, June 8. 
Those in attendance along with Miss Shine 
were Miss Elizabeth B. Brockunier, Miss 
Marilyn R. Bruhn, Miss Phyllis M. Hoffman, 
and Mrs Lulu N. Ross, present staff mem- 
bers of the Trustees Office; Mrs Isabelle 
M. Leen, a former member of the staff; 
and Miss Betty Fitzgerald of Cataloging 
and Classification for Reference and Re- 
search Services. FolloTfing dinner, the 
group attended the Brattle Theatre in 
Cambridge for the shovj-ing of "The Coiintry 
Wife". Miss Shine plans to attend Cornell 
University Y/herc she will do graduate 
work in Creative Writing in connection 
vri-th attaining her Master's Degree. 


The staff at Connolly Branch Library is 
planning a gala party for its six extra 
assistants Y;ho are graduating this June 
from high school or business school. They 
are Dorothy Jaferian, Kathleen Dell 
School; Mary Day, Holy Trinity High 
School; Elaine Millet, Girls' Latin 
School; Mary Donoghue and Anne Murphy, 
St. Thomas Aquinas High School; and 
Sandra Roseman, Roxbury Memorial High 

On June 3, at a I4 o'clock ceremony at 
the Second Church in Nev>rton, Tliss Sigrid 
Robinson of the Open Shelf Department ex- 
changed marriage vows with I.!r John j 
Michael Reddy. Preceded by six attendants J 

the bride, escorted to the altar by her 
father, wore ivory satin, en traine, fash- 
ioned v.'ith yoke of illusion and lace ap- 
plique trimjning the bodice. Layers of 
pleated tulle formed a coronet for her 
veil of imported French illusion, worn by 
her mother on her wedding day, and caught 
with fleurs d' amour to match the flowers 
in her small bouquet containing lillies of 
the valley and stephanotis. An outdoor 
reception at the home of the bride's 
parents followed the ceremony. One of the 
bride's attendants was Miss June Palladino, 
who had attended college with her and who 
is the daughter of Mrs Lydia Palladino of 
the Open Shelf Department. Mr and Mrs 
Reddy sailed June 9 from Quebec for a 
three months ' trip to England and the 


Miss Pauline M. Uccello, Cataloging and 
Classification for Reference and Research 
Services, was married to Mr James Puglisi 
on Sunday, June )4, at 3 J 00 p.m. at Our 
Lady of Mount Carmel Church, East Boston. 
The bride wore a beautiful ivory satin and 
lace govm. Her croiwi vras lace and apple 
blossoms, and her veil was full length. 
She carried a bouquet of gladioli and 
orchids. The maid of honor, Miss Rose 
LaConca of Book Stack Service, wore a 
beautiful green marquis itte and satin 
gown. The bridesmaids wore lavender mar- 
quisitte go^vns. All carried bouquets of 
yellow gladioli. The best man vias the 
brother of the groom, llr Caesar Puglisi. 
A reception follovred at the Hotel 
Brunswick. Mr and Mrs Puglisi are on an 
automobile trip to Florida. 


On Saturday morning, June 10, at eleven 
o'clock, Miss Marion Dov/ling was married 
to Mr William McWilliam in the Hyde Park 
Congregational Church. The bride looked 
lovely in a gown of pink organza and satin, 
vdth a veil that fell to the waist from a 
tiny pink hat. She carried a bouquet of 
white carnations. The bridesmaid was at- 
tired in a deeper shade of pink organza 
and satin and carried pink carnations. A 
reception was held immediately after the 
ceremony at the Norwood Lodge of Elks. 
The couple plan to spend their honeymoon 
motoring through Nova Scotia. Mrs McVi/illiam 
is employed in the Fine Arts Department, 


On June 10 at 8 p.m. at the Beacon House, 
Brookline, Miss Ruth Riceman, Children's 
Librarian, Connolly Branch Library, became 
the bride of Mr tkurice Shire of New York 
City. After a weddin,)^ trip througfi New 
England and New York State, the Shires 
vri.ll live in Brooklyn, where Mrs Shire ex- 
pects to resume her professional activities 
as a member of the staff of the Brooklyn 
Public Library. 


On June 11, at 2:30 p.m. Miss Eleanora 
V. Fiorio, Book Purchasing Department, be- 
came the bride of Mr Gerald M. Goolkasian 
in St. Tarcisius' Church, Framingham. 
The ceremony vras performed by Reverend 
Lorenz Kogy of the Holy Cross Parish in 
Watertown, and ^;'as followed by a reception 
in the Village Hall, Framingham. The 
bride wore a govm of white lace. Mr and 
Mrs Goolkasian plan to go to California 
for their wedding trip, and to make their 
home in Dorchester upon their return. 


The semi-annual outing of the Fiction 
Committee was held Friday, June 9, follow- 
ing the regular weekly meeting of the Com- 
mittee. During a long hot afternoon the 
committee slaved and toiled v:ith unremit- 
ting energy while the more fortunate mem- 
bers of the staff refreshed themselves on 
the shores of the Atlantic, due to that 
very fine old New England custom of "heat 
relief" which comes when the temperature 
goes above 90°. After such an afternoon, 
the committee found cocktails served in 
the long, cool living room in Mrs 
Geraldine Altman's home in Brookline a 
very refreshing interlude before proceed- 
ing to The Abner ¥/heeler House for one of 
their famous dinners. Something nevf vras 
added when the dinner suddenly turned into 
a "bon voyage" party for the chairman, 
Miss Edna G. Peck, with the appearance of 
a beautifully wrapped mystery parcel ac- 
companied by a tuneful bon voyage cake. 
What vras in the parcel? You'll never 
guess, - but it was blue nylon trimmed 
with tiny rosebuds and very beautiful. It 
would be nice to be able to say that the 
chairman replied to this token of good 
will by a few appropriate remarks. She 
didn't. She vras too overcome — and still 


Miss Phyllis Adams, Book Stack Service. 

Miss Anne M. Brennan, Branch Issue De- 

litrs Margaret D. Butler, Periodical and 
Newspaper Department. 

Miss Barbara Feeley, Business Office. 

Mr William McGowan, Book Stack Service. 

Mrs Margaret Morrissey, Book Purchasing 


Miss Edna G. Peck is a member of the 
Executive Board of the Massachusetts Li- 
brary Association for the coming year, 


Mr Milton E. Lord was honored by the 
French Government on May 20, 19^0, when he 
was awarded the Cross of the Legion of 
Honor by the French Consul, in Boston, for 
his effort in behalf of cultural exchanges 
between France and the United States and 
his devotion to the traditional friend- 
ship between the two countries, 


The Travelogue Storybook of the Nine - 
teenth Century , by Virginia Haviland, 
Horn Book , March-April, May- June, July- 
August, 1950. 

Those v;ho missed the Caroline M. Hewins 
Lecture given at the New England Library 
Association meeting at Swampscott last 
fall by Miss Virginia Haviland, Branch 
Librarian of Phillips Brooks Branch Li- 
brary, v:ill find it in expanded form and 
with the addition of interesting illus- 
trations in three installments in the 
Horn Book . The date for the publication 
of this Hewins Lecture in book form has 
been set for October 1, 1950. 


Shall we join the ladies . Eamon 
McDonough. Library Journal , June 1, 
19$0. pp. 92a-927. 

Those librarians (male and female) who 
on occasion bemoan the over feminization 
of the profession will be interested in 
Mr McDonough 's interesting survey of the 
use of men in branch library work. Based 
on a questionnaire sent by the author to 
fifty selected libraries, the article 
summarizes the returns, suggests some of 
the reasons for tlie poor numerical show- 
ing of his sex in branch library work, 
and concludes that it is up to the men to 
break doxvn the prejudice where it exists 
to their use in this field. 


ISt Paul Cleary, an Extra Assistant, 
Cataloging and Classification for Refer- 
ence and Research Services, won the 
Boston Globe Annual High School Publica- 
tions Award. He won first prize for the 
magazine called "The Record". Mr Cleary 
is a senior at English High School and 
has been admitted to Harvard University. 


Mr Robert J. Roper, Science and Tech- 
nology Department, received the degree of 
Bachelor of Science in Education from 
Boston University School of Education. 

Mr Walter R. Curley, Science and Tech- 
nology Department, received the degree of 
Bachelor of Science from Boston College. 


Mr Thomas O'Connor, Statistical Depart- 
ment, received the degree of Master of 
Arts in History from Boston College. 


Miss Esther Leonard and Miss Elizabeth 
Todd, Teachers Department, have completed 
the Library Science course at Simmons, 

Miss Adelaide Lockhart, Young People's 

Room, received a B.A. degree from Boston 


Miss Eleanor McCarty, Teachers Depart- 
ment, was graduated from Emmanuel College 
June 6, 

Editor's Note; Congratulations, also, to 

all others who are graduating from high 
schools, colleges, universities, business 
schools, and to those who are receiving 
advanced degrees. 



It was pleasant to greet Miss Laura R. 
Gibbs, Chief of History Department, 
Emeritus , at the Massachusetts Library 
Association Meeting in Worcester. 


Mr and Mrs Joseph Lynch have announced 
the birth of a daughter, Susan Marie, on 
May 25, 19^0. Mrs Lynch is the former 
Rita Carr of the Director's Office. 

Lieutenant, j.g. and Mrs James G. Downey 
have announced the birth of a daughter on 
June 9, 19^0. Jilrs Dovmey is the former 
Phyllis IiJacDonald of the Reference Divi- 
sion Office. 

Mr David A. Shand conducted some numbers 
at Boston University night at POPS, Monday, 
June 5- He conducted the First Movement 
from the Unfinished Symphony from Schubert, 
and the Concerto for Piano and Orchestra, 
No. 3} First Movement from Beethoven, Mr 
Shand was formerly employed in the Music 
Department and is now Associate Professor 
of Music at the University of Utah and 
Assistant Conductor of the Utah Symphony 


Miss Alice M. Jordan, preparing to leave 
for her summer home on Grand Manan, came 
in to the Young People's Room recently to 


wish the staff a happy summer. 


Mr and Mrs Harold Tibets of Dorchester 
announce the birth of a daughter, 

Veronica Nan, born on May 11. Mrs Tibets movie instead. 
(Veronica) formerly worked in Book Stack 


On Sunday, June 11, at h o'clock, in 
St. Joseph's Church, Amesbury, Massachu- 
setts, Miss Natalie Herman, formerly of 
Book Stack Service, was married to Mr 
Alton Snyder of Amesbury. The bride 
looked beautiful in a lovely gown she had 
made herself. The govm of v;hite taffeta, 
overlaid with lace, had a portrait neck- 
line, outlined with seed pearls and white 
satin rosettes. The finger-tip veil had 
a coronet of white satin studded mth 
pearls. The maid of honor was her sister, 
Miss Patricia Herman, vifho wore a gown of 
blue organdy, an organdj'" picture hat, and 
carried a bouquet of red snapdragons. 
The reception vras held at the home of the 
bride's parents, Indian Creek Farm, 
Pleasant Valley, Amesbury. A large group 
of Natalie's friends from the Library 


A Branch of the Milwaukee Public Li- 
brary has a Louisa May Alcott for a 

The thing to remember about closing 
time is hov; you feel in other institu- 
tions when they close while you're there. 
A library should close promptly and 
methodically, but tactfully. Library 
aides should remain at last minute clean 
up jobs until a minute past closing time. 

— Tee-Pee, Toledo 


Plans had been made for the first out- 
ing of the season to take place at 

Riverside on May thirtieth, but apparently 
the vreatherman had not been consulted in 
advance, and turned out to be most unco- 
operative. The day was so unsettled that 
the outing was cancelled. Those hardy 
souls who came, hoping, adjourned to a 
Better luck next timel 



Miss Ethel Kimball, Allston Branch Li- 
brary, vrllJ spend two months abroad this 
summer J including stopovers in England, 
Scotland, France, Switzerland, Italy, 
Belgium, and Hollands She has received an 
invitation from a former patron at Allston 
Branch Library, to spend some time v^ith 
her. Accompanying Miss Kimball on part of 
her trip vfill be Miss Alice Buckley, form- 
er Children's Librarian and now High 
School Librarian at East Boston High 

Miss Edna G, Pock, Miss Margaret A. 
Morgan, and Miss A. Virginia Haviland will 
sail on July 12 to spend three vreeks motor- 
ing through England, Scotland and ¥fales, 
attending the Eisteddfod Musical Festival 
(National) at Caerphilly, Vfales. Two 
weeks folloviring that will be spent in 
Paris, Florence, Milan, and attending the 
Passion Play at Oberammergau. 

Editor's Note: The response to our spe- 

cially marked outline asking for informa- 
tion on foreign travel planned for this 
summer was limited to the information 
given above. Bon Voyage to all others 
who are traveling abroad, or at home, dur- 
ing vacations this year.' 


The Annual Spring Dinner of The Arnavets 
was held in the Grill Room of the Copley 
Square Hotel on May 21; o The steak dinner 
was personally supervised by l*Ir Cichette, 
the genial manager of functions of the 
hotel, and it v;as enthusiastically enjoyed 
by the group which was one of the largest 
gatherings ever of the veterans of the 


Comrades John Tiiley, John McNally, 
Frank Myers, Bernard Doherty, and Michael 
Venezia were the committee in charge of 
the party. 

Comi'ades Martin Waters and Kenneth 
Richards displayed their virtuosity on 
the piano and saxophone, respectively; 
Comrades Bob Williams and Michael Venezia 
amused everyone \uith their songs and 
stories; and all members joined in a com- 
munity sing, thanks to the energy of 
Comrade Green. 

One great pleasure of the evening vras 
to offer Comrades Sarah \'I, Flannery and 
Samuel Green best wishes and fullest co- 
operation in their new positions. 


The Committee on Education of the 
Massachusetts Federation of Labor invited 
Mrs Helen F. Hirson to speak on the serv- 
ices of' the Boston Public Library to 
trade unions, at the Ninth Annual Insti- 
tute of Labor, June 9-11, in Amherst, 
Mrs Hirson also distributed mimeographed 
copies of a booklist prepared especially 
for the panel discussions on such sub- 
jects as co-operative housing, public 
power, social security, health insurance, 
and taxation. 

As the theme of the Institute vias 
Labor's Political Objectives in the 195)0 
Election , several of the speakers were 
state Representatives, including Hon. 
James O'Dea, Hon. Maurice Fitzgerald, 
Hon. Mario Uraana, Hon. Daniel J. Rudsten, 
Hon. Harold Putnam. Other speakers hold- 
ing government office were Mr C. Ely 
Wickham, U. S. Department of Agriculture; 
Mr Sumner R. Parker, Production and 
Marketing Administration; Mr Joseph P, 
Healey, Special Commission on Taxation; 
Mr John J. Del Monte, CoiPjnissioner of 
Labor and Industries; and Mr Thomas H, 
Eliot, Special Commission on the 
Structure of the State Government, the 
last three commissions of Massachusetts. 
The scope of the discussions vras world 
wide, ranging from Massachusetts problems 
to the Federal Brannan Plan to our for- 
eign policy in Europe and China. 

Many of the delegates expressed their 
appreciation of the book exhibit and the 
year-round services of the Boston Public 



The Red Sox-Cleveland night game sched- 
uled for June 1, for which 100 tickets had 
been bought by Association members and 
friends, was rained out. But, the baseball 
spirit still runs high at the BPL; witness, 
the contract recently signed by tvro ardent 
Red Sox fans, Mr Donald L. Newman, Office 
of Records, Files, Statistics, and Mr Paul 
Smith, Business Office: 



I, Donald Newman, the party of the first 
part, being of sound(????) mind, do hereby 
agree that I will not criticize Vern 
Stephens, if one Paul Smith, the party of 
the second part, being of equally sound 
(????) mind, will agree not to criticize 
Ted Williams. 

SIGNED Paul W. Smith 


Donald L. Newman 





John IT. 





Penalty for breaking above contract is 
1 frappe. 

Editor's Note ; We are told that the per- 
son who tyf^ed the original contract in- 
serted the (????)s. 



Dear Librarian: 

I thank you for sending my lost library 
card, and to whoever turned the card into 
your library I wish to thank him also. 

Furthermore I want to congratulate your 
library and Massachusetts public-educationr- 
al system for this thoughtful act of pub- 
lic morality. 

Yours sincerely, 

Y, Nakagawa 

^99 Columbus Avenue 

Boston l8, Mass. 



two hundred tickets. We make a profit, 
exclusive of tax, of twenty cents per 
ticket. If the tickets were all sold it 

The regular May business meeting of the 
Association held on May 26, was efficient-|^uould mean forty dollars added to our 

ly conducted by the Vice President, Miss 
Ruth Cannell, in the absence of the 
President. The membership is to be con- 
gratulated on an eyxellent attendance. 
A high light of the meeting was the an- 
nouncement of the successful culmination 
on the part of the BPLPSA and the BPLEBA, 
Inc. of the project to reimburse the 
losses to those staff members whose pay 
vras stolen on December 23, 19U9. A spe- 
cial vote of thanks was extended to Mr 
Sidney Vfeinberg and Mr Louis Polishook, 
Association members, for their important 
part in this outstanding piece of vjork. 
Certain routine procedures remain to be 
taken care of before the people actually 
receive the money. Another interesting 
feature of the meeting ¥ras the reports of 
three special committees: On In-Service 
Training^ on Personnel Service Ratings; 
and on Sabbatical Leaves of Absence. 
These reports merit the special consider- 
ation of all Association members who now 
have an opportunity to study. Special 
thanks should go to each chairman and her 
committee for an outstanding contribution 
to the vitality of the Association's ac- 
tivities. As you re-read these reports 
in this issue, remember, they do not con- 
stitute the final vrord on the subjects 
under discussion, but are something upon 
which to base discussion. Your comments 
on the reports Virill be welcomed by the 
committee chairmen or by the Executive 


A fevif days ago you received a notice 
regarding the BPLPSA annual POPS Party. 
At first glance the date this year — 
July 1 — may seem an unfortunate choice. 
It is the Saturday evening before the 
long holiday week end. On the other hand 
it has its good points. It is the last 
POPS of the season. No doubt there are 
many people vfho had hoped to get to POPS 
more often during the season but for one 
reason or another had found it impossible. 
This will provide a wonderful opportunity 
to make up for any lost opportunities. 
If you are to be away for the holiday, 
hoTj- about interesting your friends in 
tickets? The Association has purchased 

finances. This is one of the fe^v oppor- 
tunities we have to add to o\ir ever- 
recoptive treasury. The sale of the 
tickets depends exclusively on individual 
Association members. Surely 1^32 people 
(the number of members, according to the 
report of the Membership Committee at the 
May business meeting) can dispose of 200 
tickets with a minimum of effort. 


The Executive Board has invited the fol- 
lowing Association members to serve on the 
Nominating Committee for the current year: 

Mr Edward X. Casey, Cataloging and 
Classification for Reference and Research 

Miss Mary T. Crowe, V/est Roxbury Branch 

}Jlr Samuel Green, Business Office 

Miss Rosalie Lang, General Reference 

Mrs Grace B. Laughlin, Branch Issue De- 


It may be of interest to Association 
members to knov; that there was recently 
received a questionnaire from SORT head- 
quarters relative to cooperative adminis- 
trative activities. This questionnaire 
covered such topics as administrative com- 
mittees, staff organization committees, 
relationship between the Chief Librarian 
and the staff organization, relationship 
between the governing body (Board of 
Trustees) and the staff organization, the 
role of the staff organization bulletin 
in staff organization activities. Each of 
these topics was covered by a series of 
specific questions. The Executive Board 
answered this questionnaire and returned 
it promptly. A letter from SORT indicated 
that these questionnaires were sent to the 
administrative offices and to staff organ- 
izations of all libraries v/here such orgpin- 
izations are active. No doubt the results 
of this questionnaire will be published in 
a forthcoming issue of SORT . The results 
should be interesting if all administra- 
tive offices and staff organizations 


approached were conscientious in their 

According to the SORT constitution 
(article IV, Section 3) "Representation 
and voting power at the annual meeting 
shall be on the basis of one for the 
first fifty members or fraction thereof 
and one additional for each 100 or major 
fraction (5l) thereof. No organization 
shall be entitled to more than five dele- 

This means that the BPLPSA may send the 
maximum number of delegates to represent 
our Association at the SORT meetings at 
the 1950 ALA Conference. The following 
Association members have been invited to 
act as BPLPSA representatives at Cleveland, 
They will cast the vote for our Associa- 
tion in the annual elections and vfill 
help man the SORT booth: 

Mrs Iphigenia K. Fillios, West Roxbury 
Branch Library 

Mrs Evelyn Green, Jamaica Plain Branch 

Miss Ruth M. Hayes, Neponset Branch 

Miss Elvira J. Lavorgna, Fine Arts 

Mr Thomas J. Manning, Exhibits Office 


In the April issue of The Question Mark 
it was noted that there vrere rumors that 
this summer might bring forth another 
moonlight sail. Based on this rumor, the 
Entertainment Committee made a verbal in- 
quiry among the younger members of the 
Association concerning their reactions to 
such a proposal. 'I'Jhile it was impossible 
to contact every individual of the young- 
er group, the consensus of opinion among 
those contacted was that a moonlight sail 
was not especially appealing since last 
year there was a strong evidence of much 
drinking on the part of other groups on 
the evening of the Association party. 
This comment does not reflect a "holier- 
than-thou" attitude but shows a nice 
sense of discrimination on the part of 
the younger members of the staff. They 
are to be commended on their decision. 
There will be no moonlight sail sponsored 
by the BPLPSA during the summer of 1950. 



The second presentation of the MARY U. 
NICHOLS BOOK PRIZES was made on Thursday 
evening, June 8 at the North End Branch 
Library. In spite of the heat, and other 
community events, a good number of people 
attended the program. 

The two young people to receive the 
awards for 19^0 were Miss Ethel Grant and 
Mr Frank DiMasi. Mr Milton E. Lord, 
Director, presented to Miss Grant a copy 
of "The Oxford Book of English Verse" and 
to ilr DiMasi "The Complete Works of 
Shakespeare", edited by Kittredge. 

The musical portion of the program was 
under the direction of Father Stephen, 
O.F.H. of the Christopher Columbus 
Catholic High School. It included a piano 
solo by Mrs Ann Umana, an aria from 
Puccini's "Tosca" by Miss Jennie Addesa, 
and a duet by George and Ann McGovern, 

Reverend Albert 'V. Low, Assistant Super- 
intendent of Diocesan Schools, spoke 
briefly of the vrark of the Christopher 
Columbus School. In keeping vrith Miss 
Stimson's vrork on the Ducal Palace Model, 
color slides of Venice were shovm. Ex- 
planatory comments were made by Mrs 
Geraldine Herrick from Professor Hersey's 
lecture on Venice, which he so graciously 
lent with his beautiful slides. Mrs Rose 
Giella projected the slides. Mr John 
Scanga served as chairman. 

Refreshments vrere served at the close of 
the program. 


Biblio-shock therapy . Charles I. 

Glicksburg. YJilson Library Bulletin , June, 

1950. pp. 7l;6-7lt7. 

Professor Glicksburg describes a tech- 
nique used occasionally by him in his 
college classes to stimulate independent 
reading on the part of his students 
v;hich might with discretion be employed 
by librarians to stimulate the reading 
tastes of potentially adventurous read- 
ers vfith tastes a cut above the average 
best sellers o 


Poet and merchant head up plan to save 13 

country town libraries . Frances Burns, 

The Boston Sunday Globe , June 11, 19^0. 

p. 6-A. 

This is an excellent, illustrated ac- 
coxint of the Conway Plan described by 
Archibald MacLeish at the recent KILA 
Conference held in Worcester which is 
reported fully elsewhere in this issue. 

Issues in library education . A report of 

the Conference on Library Education. 

Harold Lancour, editor. 19l49. 

Sponsored by the Council of National 
Library Associations, this report is 
concerned with discussions and recom- 
mendations concerning various funda- 
mental issues facing the profession in 
a period of unparalleled changes in the 
patterns of education for librarianship. 

YiJhat's wron^T vdth our public libraries . 

Jack Harrison Pollock. Woman ' s Home 

Companion , May, 1950 . p. 35 • 

This excellent, s traight- from- the - 
shoulder article is significant for 
being the first report in a popular 
magazine of the critical conclusions of 
the Public Library Inquiry . Although 
the author complains that in general 
library public relations are so poor 
that even when a library is equipped to 
offer services other than lending books 
most people don't know about it, insti- 
gating such an article vras good public 
relations on the part of some library 
group or individual. More such public- 
ity is needed in media of this nature 
to reach a mass audience, and to ac- 
quaint the voting public with the needs 
of libraries throughout the country. 
How badly it is needed is illustrated 
by the comment of one congressman re- 
cently, after the defeat of the Library 
Demonstration Bill, that not one of his 
constituents had requested him to sup- 
port the bill. Librarians might well 
heed the suggestion in the Library 
Journal's editorial in the May 1 issue 
suggesting that readers thank Jlr Pollock 
for his fine article. 

The social attit ude s o f librar i ans and 

the selection of r ooks o n so c ia l issues . 

Clyde Haselden. Th e Li ': rary Quarterly , 

April, 1950c pp, 127-135 e 

Based on a questionnaire distributed to 
175 libraries selected on a nationvifide 
basis, the author encouragingly deduces 
from the returns that, while the atti- 
tudes and points of view of librarians 

range from the most radical to the most 
reactionary, they are in the main large- 
ly extraneous to library administration, 
especially in book selection policies. 
The findings further support the author's 
deductions that library policy is to 
follow the public demand, and that the 
private predilections of the librarians 
remain irrelevant. 
Enoch Pratt ho l ds 2nd atomic ene r;:y 
institute . Library Journal , June 1, 1950. 
pp. 93U-936. 

Enoch Pratt Library "hits the jackpot"- 
of public interest again with its second, 
follow-up institute on peace time uses 
of atomic energy. The success of the 
program as reported in this article by 
the Library's Chief of Exhibits, illus- 
trates the good public relations virhich 
can be promoted by a thoroughly organ- 
ized, carefully coordinated, and vrell 
publicized program of ;vide public inter- 

L. S. M. 


Practicing the preaching . E. H. Friermood. 

Horn Book , March-April, 1950. pp. 68-72. 
In these days of day-by-day evidence of 
the diminishing interest in reading by 
children as they becomiC television sit- 
ters, this account of an intelligent 
program of exposure to books in the de- 
velopment of one child's reading tastes 
by a former children's librarian of the 
Public Library of Dayton, Ohio, sounds 
an encouraging note to all children's 
librarians. Although this program was 
undertaken by a former children's li- 
brarian Ydth her own daughter, it is no 
less applicable to any parent who is 
desirous of instilling a love of reading 
in his child, and so the detailed ac- 
count of the steps taken and the books 
used sho\ild be of value not only to li- 
brarians in their contacts with parents 
but also to parents themselves. 

E . Lo 

Trial b y Kinsey . Cornelia Otis Skinner. 

The N ew Yorker , May 27, 1950. 

Inasmuch as the Kinsey Reports have had 
such widespread publicity, we may be ex- 
cused if we include in this column a 
suggestion that m.uch pleas\ire may be had 


by reading this article. 

The Congressional Record , March 8, 19^0 • 

pp. 316U-3137. 

Here is included the debate on The 
Library Demonstration Bill , which was 
defeated by three votes. PUBLIC LI- 
BRARIES (March 1950) says of this: 
"All in all, librarians and trustees 
should take this debate as 'required 
reading' if they are (l) to understand 
just what the Demonstration bill ran 
into in Congress and (2) to contribute 
their own best judgment as to hov/ ful- 
ler library coverage of the United 
States, stronger library service, can 
be achieved." A copy is in the files 
of the Publications Committee, for 
those interested in reading it. 

S. M. U. 

Hay 17, 1950 

Editor's Not e; 

The individuals Yfho had been asked to re- 
port the morning session were unable to 
do so. Consequently, the notes have been 
prepared by the Editor, The one who was 
to report the talk by Esther Forbes was 
present and willing but ITiss Forbes was 
ill and no substitute speaker was pro- 
vided. The afternoon session has been 
reported by Mrs Marjorie G. Bouquet. 


The annual meeting of the Massachusetts 
Library Association, held in Worcester on 
Yifednesday, May 17, was outstanding. The 
weather was ideal; the time schedule was 
adhered to rigidly; the attendance was 
most gratifying; the food left nothing to 
be desired; the accommodations were ade- 
quate; and, most important of all, speak- 
ers of unusually high calibre gave 
thought-provoking and informative talks. 
The staff of the 'Torcester Public Library 
was most cordial and contributed greatly 
to the enjoyment of the day when, follow- 
ing the luncheon, they presented a skit; 
'■lB6i;: or a Ta?.e of L'J-tcrical Fact with 
Added Hysteria.- " 

Kis Honor Andr-^vf B. Kolmotrom, Mayor of 
Yiforcester, brought greetings to the 

Association at the opening of the morning 

Although originally scheduled to be the 
second speaker of the morning, Mr Archibald 
MacLeish was given first place on the pro- 
gram in order that he might leave for 
another engagement at eleven o'clock. 
Speaking on "Library Co-operation; The 
Conway Demonstration", he painted a picture 
of the limitations in service which for 
many years have been accepted as inevitable 
in libraries in small tovms, and outlined 
a plan to improve this situation by co- 
operation among libraries in a district. 

In his introductory remarks he expressed 
his belief that the great fundamental 
change, the revolutionary change, which 
not all of us recognize, is the change 
from books as the sole concern of librar- 
ies to a vast ocean of printed matter, all 
of it potentially important to scholarship, 
and the addition of other materials — 
films, photographs, illustrated materials, 
sound recordings — which we in the library 
still rather look askance upon and deal 
with in a casual way as not directly our 
concern. The library problem comes dovm 
to this: There is not available in this 
country — or in the world — the amount 
of money needed to run even the Library of 
Congress as a central national library 
serving the people of the United States 
and to give them the kind of library serv- 
ice that should be given. It is not a 
question of not enough money to do what 
should be done now; there is not enough 
money foreseeable. This situation led 
librarians some years ago to begin to con- 
sider ways and means whereby the great li- 
braries of the world might do co-operative- 
ly what each could not do alone. One re- 
sult was the Farmington Plan — to put in- 
to some library somewhere in the United 
States one copy of every piece of important 
printed material no matter where published 
in the world. No one library could do it 
alone, but it could be done by dividing 
the responsibility among great libraries. 
In time it will be possible to realize 
that dream. 

The problem in the Commomvealth of ilassa- 
chusetts was considered from the point of 
viev; of the Field Memorial Library in 
Conway, Like other libraries in small 
towns , it vras not beginning to give the 
service that should be given. The 
Trustees were faced with the problem of 
presenting to Mr Marshall Field, grandson 


of the original Ifershall Field who gave 
the library in memory of his father and 
mother, a budget which would make sense 
and would furnish adequate library serv- 
ice to the people of the town. The budg- 
et prepared could not be justified and 
the service, even at that, vrould not be 
adequate. The next step was to consider 
something in conjunction with other li- 
braries in neighboring tovms. A meeting 
was planned for library representatives 
from Deerfield, South Deerfield, the two 
Shelbournes, Greenfield, Ashville, 
Tihately, etc. Out of this came the pro- 
posal that the library in Comray be es- 
tablished as a center v.'hich would be ade- 
quate for the business of running a fed- 
erated operation. With the aid of the 
Division of Public Libraries, a budget 
was prepared which would provide for one 
good adult librarian, one good children's 
librarian, a clerk-stenographer, v/ho 
could also drive an automobile, funds for 
books, records, films, a projector; the 
whole to be available for the period of 
two years. After going through all the 
channels, ALA, etc., the figure finally 
submitted vras ;!^36,000 for two years. 
After consideration, Mr Field has con- 
sented to make the gift, if that is what 
the people of the town \vant. By June 1$, 
the final returns from the towns should 
be in, signifying whether they wish to 
join the plan. Reluctance on the part of 
some may seem strange, but the question 
in the minds of trustees is: llfhat happens 
at the end of tvro years? If the demon- 
stration is a success, must town select- 
men be approached to take over? 

At this point the possibility of State 
Aid was introduced by Ltr HacLeish, who 
recognizes that there is opposition 
throughout the Commonwealth to the ac- 
ceptance of State Aid, if it were avail- 
able. How long such opposition ^^fill per- 
sist is unpredictable, but it would seem 
that eventually State Aid would be con- 
sidered desirable. Mr MacLeish outlined 
briefly what has been happening in New 
York State, where within the last fev^r 
vreeks there has been passed a piece of 
legislation based on recommendations of a 
Committee appointed by the Governor. On 
the committee was a large representation 
of trustees v/ith the good sound, common- 
sense of the business community. The 
committee is analogous to the one virhich 
has f\mctioned in the State of Massachu- 
setts, the basic difference being that 

the New York Committee vras appointed by 
the Governor and reported to him. It vras 
Mr MacLeish 's wish that there could be in 
Massachusetts a Committee appointed by the 
Governor which would investigate State Aid 
and familiarize itself with legislation in 
other states. If not, at the end of two 
years, vvdth no aid from the Commonvrealth, 
the Conway Demonstration viill be faced 
vdth a difficult problem. In spite of 
this, the proposal seems a decidedly worth- 
while undertakinge 

In answering questions, Mr MacLeish 
brought out further that in Convray there 
will be an Advisory Committee set up by 
the collaborating tovms, and that the co- 
operation Conway vdll be able to give to 
neighboring tovms vdll depend upon v;hat 
the member towns want. It is hoped that 
they will desire to pool the purchasing 
of books though not their selection; 
whether there would be a union catalog is 
a question. The chief usefulness of 
trained personnel would be that they would 
spend their time on a rotating basis among 
the member libraries, working directly 
with children, with adult groups, going to 
schools, and making the kind of positive 
contribution v;hich libraries can make when 
they are so minded and that some believe 
librarians ought to make. The ideal would 
be for member libraries to retain their 
autonomy, control, and integrity, but by 
co-operation be able to give better and 
more effective service. 

In answer to a question as to whether 
such an organization on a purely regional 
basis, using the largest library in the 
area as a center, had been considered, Mr 
HacLeish said that it had not been con- 
sidered but that it certainly would be a 
useful economy. 

Mr Milton E. Lord, President of the 
American Library Association, expressed 
pleasure in being present to personally 
convey the cordial greetings of the 
National Association to this state asso- 
ciation on the occasion of its annual 
meeting. This is one of the duties of the 
presidency which cannot always be per- 
formed in person but which frequently must 
take the form of a telegram sent out from 
ALA headquarters, 

Mr Lord's topic, "Library Co-operation: 
A Proposal for the Integration on Librar- 
ians on a State and Local Level", is one 


which is of interest to all Association 
members. He feels that one of the impor- 
tant considerations facing ALA is the re- 
lationship of the national association to 
state associations. His predecessor 
brought out clearly in a presidential ad- 
dress the need for strengthening of ac- 
tivities at the state and local level 
throughout the United States, and made a 
strong statement that we need three 
things : 

1. Ilore citizen participation particu- 
larly in support of state associations' 

2. Continuity of leadership through an 
executive secretary 

3. Increased financial support. 
His suggestion that the AM might well 
take from its endowm.ent funds of 
$2,000,000 the sum of 'A, 000, 000 
($100,000 for each of 10 years) for the 
strengthening of associations' work has 
not yet been acted upono 

Mr Lord next pointed out that it is un- 
derstood that there will be presented in 
the final report of the PUBLIC LIBRARY 
INQUIRY consideration of the strengthen- 
ing of library organization, both of li- 
braries and of librarians, throughout the 
country; that one of the striking points 
to be presented in that report will be 
probably the statement that the vreakest 
spot in our organization, either of li- 
braries or of librarians, is at the state 
level. It varies, of co\irse, from state 
to state. Some states, like Massachu- 
setts, have strong organizations. In the 
case of ALA, it is a very powerful li- 
brary organization — the most powerful 
organization by far in the whole world. 
It works on an international scale and 
those at home frequently wonder as to hovi 
direct their relationship vath it is, 
ALA has a practice of appointing every 
half dozen years a committee to survey 
its activities and to recommend changes 
of importance. The Fourth Activities 
Comjrdttee report, made after tvro years' 
work, also brought out the fact that 
there is a relationship which is not as 
close as it should be betvreen the librar- 
ians spread throughout the country and 
the national association. It went so far 
as to propose that the ALA be broken dovm 
into tv;o forms of organization, substan- 
tive and functional. If you joined the 
ALA at one point you would be in the ALA 
in terms of the type of library in which 

you vrere employed (public, university, 
scholarly or special library), in terms 
of your interest as a cataloger, children's 
worker, etc., and you would also be in it 
in a geographical chapter, if one existed 
at the state or local level. 

Recently Mr Lord presided at a confer- 
ence of the presidents or chairmen, and 
presidents elect of all the national li- 
brary groups in the United States. Among 
them were the Medical Library Association, 
Association of Law Libraries, Theater Li- 
brary Association, etc., of the so-called 
Special Libraries Group; the Association 
of College and Reference Libraries, Divi- 
sions of ALA — Catalogers, Young People, 
Trustees, Public Libraries, etc. — Catho- 
lic Library Association, Special Libraries 
Association, Association of American Li- 
brary Schools, Association of State Li- 
braries, Association of Research Librar- 
ies, etc., of the functional interests 
group. Many had felt for a long time that 
there has not been a meeting ground upon 
which they could have a common approach to 
common problems. The Council of National 
Library Associations had been formed some 
years ago in response to this need for a 
common ground but it lacked strength of 
accomplishment. The purpose of the recent 
meeting was the exploration of the rela- 
tionship of ALA to these groups. It vias 
expected that no dividend vrould come out 
of the meeting; it was called just to pro- 
vide a forum of discussion on neutral 
grounds. However, those present expressed 
a definite interest in the ponsibiiity of 
a federation of library associations. 

In the state of Massachusetts there are 
a great many different library groups. 
These represent the source of enormous 
strengths which have not yet been tapped 
in co-ordinated form for the benefit of 
libraries and librarianship in Massachu- 
setts, Nothing should be done to take 
away from the strength of these groups, 
Yifhile MLA is made up substantially of 
people in the public library field, it 
does not represent necessarily all librar- 
ians or library interests in the state. 

As an example of weak and strong library 
associations, the situation in Washington, 
D.C, was pointed cut, vrtiere the District 
of Columbia Library Association is rela- 
tively weak and the Washington, D.C. Chap- 
ter of Special Libraries Association is a 
very strong fuacticning group- Attention 
was called, also, to the Boston Chapter, 


Speeial Libraries Association, which is a 
live, virile group, meeting monthly. 

The sitiiation in ^Massachusetts should 
be faced up to; whether on a geographic 
basis or a functional basis matters lit- 
tle. Perhaps the wisest approach may be 
to let something evolve, as it must nat- 
urally evolve, in terms of a member as- 
sociation. The united approach may come 
through State Aid. The New York State 
success has come after approximately five 
years of action, Virhich started out in 
large part as an activity of the New York 
Library Association and then moved on to 
the basis of enlightened citizen interest 
spearheaded by the Trustees' Group. The 
background work in Massachusetts was done 
a few years ago, but has had to be left 
in abeyance. Perhaps a definite approach 
should nov; be made through a union of 
some sort, a federation of existing li- 
brary groups — not dissipating any of 
them, not disturbing any of them, but 
uniting efforts in a manner to bring a 
far more effective support to these prob- 
lems. It can come into being almost 
spontaneously when the problem of State 
Aid is approached further. In conclusion 
Mr Lord stressed the need of action for 
relating in a true manner the existing 
groups of libraries with the view of giv- 
ing increased support to our larger li- 
brary interests and expressed the hope 
that this can be done in terras of a live 
issue which can provide a normal basis 
for such co-operation. 


The President announced that all those 
attending the meeting were cordially in- 
vited to visit the Worcester Public Li- 
brary and Clark University where Open 
House was being held. 

Following a short recess, the business 
meeting was called to order by the 
President, Mr John D. Kelley, The report 
of the last meeting was read by the secre- 
tary, Kiss Charlotte K. Bausman, and was 
accepted. Miss Flynn reported for the 
Education Committee, which had met and 
interviewed seven candidates for the 

College. She had served five years as a 

page in a branch library. The alternate 
is Miss Joyce Ovrens of Taunton, who has 
been employed for two years in the Chil- 
dren's Room of the Taunton Public Library. 

In the absence of the chairman, Mr 
Philip McNiff, the report of the Legisla- 
tive Committee vras read by the secretary. 
The committee had been concerned Y.dth two 
items of business — the censorship bill 
and libraries as a part of community sur- 
veys made by non-library agencies. On 
Tuesday, February 21, 1950, House 1971 on 
censorship was given a hearing before the 
Legal Affairs Committee. No one spoke in 
favor of it; 7 against it. The Associa- 
tion was represented by Mr Kelley and Mr 
McNiff, This legislation vras not enacted. 
By resolution approved at the last meeting 
the matter of libraries as a part of com- 
munity surveys made by non- library agen- 
cies Yiras referred to the Legislative Com- 
mittee. It was the opinion of the commit- 
tee that a considerable amount of vrork 
must be done before contacting a survey- 
making agency. Caution in making a survey 
might well save future embarrassment. All 
is not vrell with libraries and it may be 
true that libraries are getting from sur- 
veying agencies ^vhat they may vrell merit 
because of lack of progressive administra- 
tion and initiative. The proposed resolu- 
tion would keep several committees busy 
for a long time and would involve a com- 
plete appraisal of personnel procedures, 
especially vrork assignments of professional 
librarians, legal status of tmstees, etc. 
This would be a monumental task of dubious 
value. Survey-making agencies should not 
be blamed for the inability of librarians 
to convince trustees of the importance of 
library work. The Committee concluded that 
this job cannot be turned over to an out- 
side agency. 

The President announced that the Inter - 
library Loan Committee had submitted a 

scholarship award. The Committee was hap-submitted as a report of progress. 

py to announce that Miss Barbara Jean 
Stratton of Springfield has been avrarded 
the scholarship for study at Simmons 

lengthy report and recommendations for 
changes in the inter-library loan system 
which has been in operation in this state. 
Because of the importance of the matter, 
the Committee requested that before it is 
discussed in an open meeting it be printed 
and then taken up at the next regular busi- 
ness meeting of the Association, It was 

Miss Gertrude Callahan reported for the 
By-Laws Committee. 7/ith certification be- 
coming a law, it is no longer necessary to 


have a committee on Library Standards. 
According to the By-Laws raerabors must be 
notified in writing 30 days in advance of 
a vote on changes in the constitution or 
By-Laws. Through no fault of any individ- 
ual, notices were not sent out the neces- 
sary 30 days in advance of this meeting. 
Therefore, action had to be postponed un- 
til the next regular meeting of the Asso- 

In the temporary absence of Mr Edward 
C. Perry, Chairman of the Nominating Com- 
mittee, the report was read by the Secre- 
tary. The newly elected officers are; 

President: Miss Louise B. Day 

Lynn Public Library 
Vice President: Miss Catharine M. Yerxa 
WatertoYvTi Free Public 
Secretary: Miss Mary Silva 

Division of Public Libraries 
Treasurer: Miss Lucille Wickersham 

City Library Association, 

Archivist: Mr Galen IT. Hill 

Thomas Crane Public Library, 

A full report of all committees will be 
published in the next issue of the ISA 
Bulletin . 

Under the heading of nev; business. Miss 
Edna Phillips read a resolution that the 
l^assachusetts Library Association at its 
annual meeting in YiTorcester on May 17, 
1950, because of its deep interest in 
education and interciiltural relations, 
urge the Massachusetts members of Congress 
to consider favorably and to work for the 
passage of S2lj.96, a bill to authorize con- 
tribution to the CARE Ul^SCO Book Fund 
program of the sum of i^l, 389,1^^* 93 j 
being the amount of money placed in trust 
in the United States Treasury by con- 
scientious objectors in World War IJ, who 
desire that it shall be used for humani- 
tarian purposes. On motion duly made and 
seconded the resolution was adopted. 

With fitting remarks concerning the 
capabilities of the incoming president, 
Mr Kelley passed over to Miss Day the 
gavel, symbol of the office. The new 
president said that she was starting out 
by asking for the help of the Association. 
She read one short sentence from the Con- 
stitution, which states the object of the 
Association: "Its object shall be to 
promote library service and the profession 

of librarianship in the State of Massachu- 
setts." This broad statement vras inter- 
preted to include every kind of library 
from college and special to public, from 
the smallest to the largest, and all types 
of librarians. She stated that the Execu- 
tive Board for the coming year is in proc- 
ess of formation and solicited suggestions 
for main objectives for this year. Before 
closing the meeting. Miss Day asked Miss 
Catharine M. Yerxa to stand, 


Guests of honor at the luncheon were 
Mr Robert K. Shaw, retired Librarian of 
the fj'orcester Public Library, and Ifrs 
Shaw. Mr Thurston Taylor, the present 
Librarian, brought the regrets of Miss 
Esther Forbes who was unable to bo present 
because of serious illness. Mr Taylor ex- 
pressed the \iish that it might have been 
possible to entertain at tea at the li- 
brary, but because of limited facilities 
this had not been possible. He introduced 
the members of the cast of the skit, 


Those present had the pleasure of hear- 
ing Mrs Vera Michaeles Dean, Research 
Director of the Foreign Policy Association 
and author of U.S. and Russia , Four Corner - 
stones of Peace , etc., who was introduced 
by the President, Mr John D. Kelley, The 
Russian-born Radcliffe graduate stated the 
aim of the Foreign Policy Association as 
"public service of an objective character 
on international affairs" and invited com- 
ments from librarians. 

Lirs Dean deplored the McCarthy investiga- 
tion, which she claimed had made a few 
people the target of loose-thinking in 
many directions. She pointed out how 
dangerous it is for people who can just 
barely read headlines or listen to the 
radio to feel that they know what is going 
on in the complicated international scene. 
She feels that intellectuals have a tre- 
mendous responsibility not to participate 
in the betrayal of our heritage of freedom 
and reminded the audience that the concen- 
tration camp came late in Germany and was 
preceded by a period of intimidation such 
as this. 

According to psychiatrists our feeling 
of frustration at the sight of Y\rhat hap- 
pened to American policy in China is nat- 
ural. It might have turned into a war to 


atomize Russia, but, instead, certain in- 
dividuals have taken advantage of con- 
gressional immunity to atomize the repu- 
tations of people long experienced in the 
Far East. We are all at fault in build- 
ing up Asia into a never-never land in 
our minds and in thinking that a few 
newspapers could serve to carry us throu^ 
a period like the French Revolution, 
Actually the present investigations are 
obscuring the fact that the United States 
is engaged in an arduous review of for- 
eign policy from which we must emerge 
with a more realistic, if less pleasant, 

Despite her admonitions, lirs Dean said 
that we have no need for sackcloth and 
ashes. We have come a long way in the 
past few years in accepting the view, 
thought fantastic before 1939 j that the 
U.S. must participate in world affairs 
continuously in time of peace. To sell 
the UN to the American people, the idea 
had to be oversold. Though the UN is the 
cornerstone of our foreign policy accord- 
ing to official speeches, as an automatic 
reflex in a transition period, we act 
unilaterally or bilaterally when our in- 
terests are affected. Nations will have 
to learn to give up sovereignity in order 
to gain defense. We shall have to inte- 
grate ourselves with other nations, and 
may have not only to arm Western Europe 
but to provide the manpower. 

The great issues of the London Confer- 
ences are: (l) What shall we do for 
Western Europe after the Marshall Plan? 
and (2) How to close the dollar gap? 
It may be that we shall have to give up 
many of our export markets and find means 
of adjustment in our economy for the dis- 
placed vrorkers and for the affected manu- 
facturers. We shall also have to educate 
Americans to welcome imports. 

If we do not concentrate on helping 
Europe, poverty and starvation will Virin 
for Russia without a shot. The cracks in 
Europe have been merely plastered over, 
and explosive forces may burst out in 
France, Italy, or Western Germany, Mrs 
Dean advises encouraging Labor all over 
the world as the strongest guarantee 
against Communism, as it has proven in 

We shall rue the day we tried to hold 
the line in Asia in Indo-China, the last 
remnant of the colonies. It would have 
been better to make a stand in India, or 

the Dutch East Indies, where colonial ad- 
ministration was at its best, if we wished 
to uphold colonialism anyv\rhere. Should we 
recognize Communism in China? Mrs Dean 
agrees vdth Dulles that nothing was so ef- 
fective in consolidating Russian power as 
non-recognition for l6 years. Yet now we 
are paralyzed in Asia because leaders are 
open to accusation as Communists, 

Revolutionary forces at work in Asia are 
to a large extent the result of the in- 
fluence of American missionaries, business- 
men, etc., who did not realize that their 
efforts, if successful, must mean a com- 
plete changing of the political and econom- 
ic structure of Asia, We should take the 
helm of the revolutionary changes we have 
started and help backward people realize 
some of their aspirations. Before tech- 
nological changes can be introduced, how- 
ever, we must think of health, nutrition, 
and education. In Africa color is added 
to the problem. If White supremacy rules 
Africa, Russia won't have to lift a finger ' 
because the Blacks will rise to oust the 
Whites, We cannot expect backward peoples 
to be more tolerant than we are. 

What should be our attitude tovrard Com- 
munism and Russia? We should first of all 
get rid of our fear of Russia, and we 
should stop grossly overestimating her in- 
fluence. Russia became the headquarters 
of Communism by an accident of destiny, 
and Communism v/ould I'emain though Russia 
were destroyed. We should understand that 
people will turn to any country which can 
recognize their latent needs and take them 
out of their plight. Are we opposed to 
land reforms, separation of church and 
state, industrialization of backward coun- 
tries? Would we not have sponsored these 
same reforms if we got there first? We 
must affirm our belief in what should be 
done in countries and let our ov.ti concept 
of what the majority of American people 
think is a decent way of life be our guide. 
And we must impress on other peoples our 
respect for their needs and aspiration, 
"To thine own self be true; thou cannot 
then be false to any man." 

In the question period Mrs Dean gave the 
reasons v;hy she thought Communism had 
gained ground in France after the war and 
cast some doubt on the satisfactory solu- 
tion of the Ruhr problem if the proposal 
which the French made in order to draw at- 
tention to their difficulties is rushed 
through by overzealous Americans and 


Britons. She foresees the return of the 
povrerftil cartels vrLth Nazi collaborators 
playing their customary role in big in- 
dustry with the support of certain French 
industrialists of the old school. 


The Special Committee for CARE is kept 
quite busy thanking you people for your 
generous support and also receiving 
thankful expressions from recipients of 
CARE packages. \'Ie are glad to be so busy. 
It gives us added incentive to stimulate 
you toward further giving. Please accept 
our praise for all contributions. 

If all of you could knovi the warm, 
personal gratitude as expressed to one of 
the Committee members by her house guests 
from the Netherlands, you would be, in- 
deed, impressed. They are so openly ap- 
preciative of America's gestures toward 
them. And so are the many other CARE- 
supported countries in all parts of the 
world. So for them let's continue giving 
to CARE. Just think — a CARE-less person 
abroad is one not receiving CARE's bene- 
fits; a CARE-less person in America is one 
who doesn't care . Let's have fewer and 
fewer "careleso" people. 

Committee for CARE 



During the month of May, vihile the cir- 
cus was in town, the Children's Room 
featured a Reading Carnival. Each mem- 
ber's name was inscribed on a tag which 
was pinned to the chart that showed the 
progress of the reader. As the child 
read and reported on the assigned books, 
his or her name tag was advanced through 
the various stages of circus performers. 
They started as clovms then became lion 
tamers, acrobats, jugglers, bare-back 
riders, dancers, etc., to the final goal - 
that of ringmaster. Most of the sixty 
members have reached the final column and 
have been avrarded special bookmarks. The 
children are now looking forward to join- 
ing the Swiimer Reading Club; and receiving 
the very attractive reading list THROUGH 

A special feature for the month of grad- 
uations is a display which has attracted 
attention among students as well as par- 
ents. The school catalogs with their 
wealth of information on requirements, 
tuition, and courses of study, have been 
the source of serious study high 
school graduates. An increased use in the 
vocational pampW.ets has been stimulated 
by school assignments in fields of partic- 
ular interest to individuals vfho might be 
definite or otherwise about their careers. 

Jamaica Plain 


At the new quarters of the South Boston 
Branch Library on the ground floor in the 
premises located at 306-338 West Broadway, 
South Boston, Open House will be held on 
Thursday afternoon, June 1$, 19^0. 

Open since June 12, 1950, the new quar- 
ters provide for a section for adults and 
one for children. The children's area can 
be separated from the adults ' section by 
means of a curtain, which makes possible 
the showing of motion pictures and story- 
telling for the children without disrupt- 
ing service to adult readers. 

On display currently is an exhibit of 
oil paintings and a book selection of 
Americana. The Allied YJallpaper Company 
of Centre Street, Jamaica Plain, generous- 
ly donated a length of wallpaper depicting 
scenes of ^"illiamsburg, Vir;;inia, with 
Tfhich to make a poster as a background for 
the display. The oil paintings of the 
Y^ite Mountains and Florida were gracious- 
ly lent by Mrs E. Sylvia of Warner, New 
Hampshire. All of these paintings are of 
rural scenes which tend to carry out the 
trend of the poster^ 

Phillips Brooks 

BPJINCH LIBRARY again gathered in anniver- 
sary celebration at their local library 
Yirhen they observed its nineteenth birthday 


on Thursday evening, May 2^. 

Mr John Quincy Adams, speaker of the 
evening and a v/ell-knoTm authority on 
Phillips Brooks, gave a most inspired 
talk on The Message of Phillips Brooks . 
Also on the program were "thank-you's" 
for the association's gifts of a moving 
picture projector and record player, ex- 
pressed by two "Young Friends" who spoke 
informally on what the film program and 
the music appreciation hours have meant 
to groups of young people here. This 
concluded with the playing of Haydn's 
"Toy SjTnphony," which was the first 
record given to this library. 

In the social period which followed, a 
committee of women served the large 
gathering punch and home-made cakes, in- 
cluding two handsome birthday cakes. 

Washington Village 

Lilacs and violets breathed a fragrant 
Yrelcome to Mrs Georgia Crampton of 
Minnesota, guest lecturer on Monday 
evening, May 22, 1950. Mrs Crampton 
planned to give a series of v/eekly talks 
on Contemporary Affairs for as long as 
she still remained in Boston. We were 
fortunate to have had her for tvro stimu- 
lating meetings, with Mr Crampton being 
impressed into admirable service for the 
second one. The procedure follov/ed "".vas 
a marshalled, svdftly-m.oving one — no 
time for dilatoriness or dreaming! Mrs 
Crampton, a young, vivid, informed per- 
sonality gave first a brisk resume of two 
or three highlights of the week. This iras 
accomplished almost simultaneously with a 
written quiz, consisting of brief identi- 
fications of five or six words or names 
outstanding in the news — just for the 
sole, unembarrassed information of and 
guide to the examinee regarding his status 
in the realm of Current Events. Then 
came the main topic for the session, 
which happened to be England under social- 
ism, its problems, achievements, person- 
alities. At the second meeting, Mr 
Crampton presented the main subject mat- 
ter — China, her background, present 
difficulties, possible future — succinct- 
ly, illuninatingly, comprehensively, en- 
grossingly. Indeed, a tour de force ! lJ\r 
Crampton has been connected with the 
State Department and has now finished do- 
ing graduate vrork at Boston University in 
history and political economy. 

The meetings have been very well attend- 
ed -vYith Softball and television relegated 
to the background, for the nonce. Yle were 
proud of our Discussion Group who proved 
themselves alert and surprisingly v.'ell- 
informed on world affairs. Mrs Georgia 
Crampton 's special bent and desire was to 
arouse and nurture women's interest in 
Current Events, to inculcate daily news- 
paper habits, and finally, to awaken po- 
tentialities in interpreting what one read. 
We believe that some of the seed, at 
least, fell in fertile ground. Up-to-date, 
balanced bibliographies were given out to- 
gether vj-ith practical hints for quick ways 
of perusing and distilling the best of a 
newspaper or journal. Top ranking news- 
papers vrere suggested as vrell as titil- 
lating evaluations given of present day 
vifriters on international matters. Re- 
freshments were a happy prolongation of an 
absorbing evening. 

It has been most pleasant and rewarding 
having such a competent, charming, in- 
formative, inspiring young couple as Llr 
and Mrs Crampton. They truly have been a 
delightful dessert and fillip topping off 
the fourth year of informal, provocative, 
bi-vreekly Book and Current Events ' Discus- 


Those members of the staff who lost pay 
in the December twenty-third robbery have 
been informed that they may expect to re- 
ceive reimbursement for the pay loss on 
June tvirenty-second. This 22nd bids fair 
to be a much better day than a certain 
23rd turned out to be] 

Branch Issue 

On Thursday evening, May 18, following 
dinner at Freda's, a group of library 
friends of Miss Colomba Bartalini of 
Branch Issue Department attended a play at 
the North End Union. Nina gave an excel- 
lent performance in a very important part. 
The play chosen this year by the Literary 
Club of the North End Union was "The 
Cracked Nutts". 




Robinson, Henry M. 

The Cardinal. 

New York, Sinon and Schuster, 1950 
West, Anthony 

The vintage. 

Boston, Houghton Mifflin, 1950 


Baldwin, Monica 

I leap over the wall. 

New York, Rinehart, 1950 
Carnahan, Ann 

The Vatican. 

Nev; York, Farrar, Straus, 19h9 
Coit, llargaret L. 

John 0. Calhoun. 

Boston, Houghton liifflin, 1950 
Peale, Norman 

The art of real happiness. 

Nevf York, Prentice-Hall, 1950 
Sears, Minnie E. 

Sears list of subject headings. 6th 


New York, H. W. Wilson, 1950 
Williams, Eric 

The wooden horse. 

New York, Harper, 19U9 


"Have you ever heard of the sugar-plum 

'Tis a marvel of great renown!" 

...Or so the children thought as they 
eagerly picked the gaily colored gum 
drops off their "sugar-plum tree" which 
was the high spot of the final pre-school 
story hour of the season. Twenty-five 
children were present at the party 
their favorite toys in toYi. After listen- 
ing to several recordings of Mother Goose 
rhymes and stories, children and mothers 
joined in playing simple games. I'.Iay 
baskets of candy and animal crackers vrere 
given to the little guests, vfhile p-'anch 
and cookies vrere served to the mothers. 


Miss Marie T. Hastie received a B,S. 
degree from Boston College. 



Any contribution to the Soap Box must 
be accompanied by the full name of the 
Association member submitting it, to- 
gether vdth the name of the Branch Library, 
Department, or Office in v;hich he or she 
is employed. The nam.e is vathheld from 
publication, or a pen name used, if the 
contributor so requests. Anonymous con- 
tributions are not given consideration. 
The author of the article is known only to 
the contributor and to the Editor-in-Chief. 
The contents of articles appearing in the 
Soap Box are personal opinions expressed 
by individual Association members and their 
appearance does not necessarily indicate 
that the Publications Committee and the 
Association are in agreement vdth the 
vievfs expressed. 

Dear Editor: 

It is not only refreshing but also 
heartening to learn, even at this late 
date, that on Dec. 27, 19h9, a committee 
of one from our Board of Trustees vras in 
conference vdth the then Mayor, Ass't 
Corporation Counsel, and Mr Fox, in re the 
recently stolen salaries. 

ViJ'ere it not for the fact that knovdedge 
of the above came via City Hall Channels, 
we, of the staff, might never have heard 
of the exceptional interest the present 
Board of Trustees took, and are taking, on 
behalf of those v/ho vrere so unfortunate as 
to be victims of thieves, or, a thief. It 
seems rather odd that v.'e have to depend 
upon outside sources for information of 
this nature. 

IVhen the matter was presented to the 
Mayor et al., on Dec. 27, 19l;9> measures 
were immediately taken to find vrays and 
means of reimbursing the staff members con- 
cerned, so that, now, in the near future, 
a regulation form will be mailed to each 
individual covering the loss sustained by 
him or her. 


It does seem to be in order now that an To the Soap Box: 
appreciative note of thanks should be 

sent to the Trustees by those whose heart^ COMffiNTS ON JOB EVALUATION, PROMOTIONS ETC . 
will be gladdened by the quick and speedy 
action of a Board which recognizes the 
value of personal interest in and contact 
with any and all members of the staff re- 
gardless of the position held. Hitherto, 
Boards of Trustees seemed to be a sacro- 
sanct body. That was bad for any force 
of workers. It may not have been the in- 
tention of those Boards so to appear, 
nevertheless, the effect was just the 
same as if it were intended to be. 

Now, however, the present Board has 
written new pages in the history of Li- 
brarydom; it has sought (and is succeed- 
ing admirably) to humanize a force whose 
morale was lamentably lovf. There is many 
a rare gem hidden in the somev^hat dark- 
ened stacks of our building and there is 
also many a flovrer whose fragrance needs 
but to be released from studied repres- 
sion and suppression, in order to dis- 
close qualities undreamed of by the 
Trustees. This holds true of many li- 
braries, not ours alone. 

Once the Trustees discover the poten- 
tialities of the above then the latter 
may well cease to chant the vrords of the 

"Worse than death is deathless hope." 

Sincerely yours, 

Editor's Note : Referring to paragraph 2 
above, under date of January U, 1950 (see 
The Question Mark , February 19^0, page $, 
column 2), the Director Virrote to the 
President of the Association: 
"Steps were taken immediately (even out- 
side of regular working hours over the 

Christmas vreekend itself) to ascertain 

what might be done by way of reimbursementjdepartment, accomplished by the first as 

to those members of the library staff v;ho 
had suffered personal loss through the 
safe robbery here in the Central Library 
building on Thursday night, Decem.ber 22. 
A conference v;a3 thereafter held promptly 
on Tuesday morning, December 2?, with the 
highest-ranking officers of the city 
administration..." We had assumed that 
the Library vjas represented in both in- 
stances by the Director and the Trustees. 


Private industry has for some time rec- 
ognized the fact that those in supervisory 
capacities be capable of maintaining good 
relationships, not only v;ith those in other 
administrative positions, but above all 
mth those in subordinate positions. Such 
relations should naturally not be encour- 
aged at the expense of vrork accomplished, 
discipline, or rules and regulations. In 
fact, it has been proven many times that 
only in those instances where staff morale 
is at a high level are the duties of a 
position carried out vjlth the best results. 
Therefore, it does seem that this particu- 
lar asset, the ability of maintaining high 
staff morale, should be particularly em- 
phasized in the selection of those persons 
considered for positions involving the 
supervision of others. 

In regard to the question of the wide 
salary differential ($700) between the 
chief of the department and the first as- 
sistant, consideration should be given to 
the following facts : 

The reference departments of the central 
library are open from 69-78 hours a week, 
the library work vreek is 35 hours. The 
chief, therefore, is on duty approximately 
one half of the work \veek. The first as- 
sistant is responsible in the chief's ab- 
sence and usually alternates with him. 
When a chief is on duty but absent from 
the department for meetings or other rea- 
sons the first assistant is responsible 
for and actually in charge of the reference 
work vjlth the public and the staff of the 
department. All other activities usually 
associated with the chief of the depart- 
ment such as book selection, the virriting 
of reports etc. are also, according to 

sistant. With the exception of attendance 
at administrative meetings, where final 
decisions are made by a higher administra- 
tive official, the first assistant is not 
only capable of, but actually does do the 
same work as a chief. In other words, the 
first assistant is not only the next in 
line to a chief, but because of the exi- 
gencies of a two platoon system practically 
and for all purposes of job evaluation on 
the same level, vjlth some minor exceptions. 
Should there be this wide difference in 



To the Soap Box: 

A notice appeared recently in TIME 
(April 2I4., 1950) describing tv/o courses 
which have been made available to Phila- 
delphia teachers. The courses were en- 
titled: "Cham School and Personality 
Development" and "Voice as an Important 
Asset in Teaching." It may be that the 
Executive Board, in making plans for the 
next step in the In-Service Training Pro- 
gram, would vdsh to consider the possi- 
bility of including a course on person- 
ality. Of course, who vrould have the 
temerity to suggest that such a course 
were needed by BPL employees? However, 
it is interesting to note that in one 
short week lOU "eager teachers" of Phil- 
adelphia had enrolled! Surely Boston 
public "servants" could benefit from a 
similar course of instruction, if Phila- 
delphia v;as that eager. Executive Board, 
please, we want to become scintillating, 
svelte, suave, and sophisticated. 


Since the concession isn't working 
Couldn't a Coke machine be lurking 
In a comer for a refreshing pause? 
Or isn't that in the clause? 

Couldn't we find a way to do it? 
No one, I'm sure, would ever rue it. 
To soothe the parched aesophagus 
Vi^e'd be grateful, 


Dear Soap Box Editor: 

At the Ularch Staff meeting, the questicn 
of giving examinations immediately fol- 
lowing courses vras brought up. At that 
time the Director said that the matter 
was being looked into. Evidently it de- 
served a long look. 

There are a great many who think as I, 
that it is only fair that these examina- 
tions should be given v/hen the courses 
are completed. Everyone taking courses 
here gives up either 1 or 2 hours of his 
time, plus time spent on home study every 
week. This in itself, is evidence that 
the individuals are eager and interested 
in getting ahead. 

Timing of examinations seems to be left 
to the discretion of the Administration, 

If the examinations were scheduled to fol- 
low iiranediately after the completion of 
courses, this arrangement would seem to be 
easier for both the Personnel Office, who 
handles the exams, and the employees taking 
them. It would mean less confusion in 
scheduling and a fairer chance for the 
staff of passing. And if, as the In- 
Service Training Committee of the BPLPSA 
suggested in their report at the Business 
meeting, a Director of Training were ap- 
pointed to be responsible for exams, this 
would relieve Personnel of much of the 
burden , 

Since, therefore, it is at the discre- 
tion of the Administration, are we to as- 
sume that the Administration is retarding 
and thwarting our efforts to advance? If 
so, let me point out here that there is 
much to be said for the policy of keeping 
employees happy and contented. Incentive 
is extremely necessary in any field of en- 
deavor and it seems to be sadly lacking in 
this one. If the Administration does not 
supply it, is it any wonder that people 
leave to go to greener fields? The con- 
cern of the Administration should be the 
turnover in help, not only in the Sub- 
professional but in the Professional Serv- 
ice as Y;ell, A change in the policy of 
examinations vrould do much to alleviate 
the situation, 


The Downey baby has been named Joan 


The weather man may say that summer 1950 
begins officially at 6:3? p,m. on June 21, 
but we know differently. Heat relief came 
at 300 p.m, on June 8 and at 2 p,m» on 
June 9, and that's summer as far as v/e are 



Final Report of Special Cor-unittee on In-Service Training 


To the Executive Bsard: 


It seems advisable, in order that there Ehould be a better understanding 
of the work of the In-Service Training Committee, first to supply the back- 
ground for the establishment of this Committee, The Association, desiring 
to fulfill its main objective of increasing professional interest and abil- 
ity, undertook its first effort in the field of in-service training in the 
fall of 19U8 when the Institute on the topic Interpreting the Library 
through Good Public Relations and the follow-up v;orkshop vrero hold. This 
was the outgrowth of an expression of interest on the part of the Director 
of the Library Vifhen, in reply to tentative suggestions regarding the possi- 
bility of expansion of the Library's In-Service Training Program, he in- 
dicated the desirability from the point of view of both the Association and 
the Library of the Association's assuming such leadership. In the final re- 
port of the Committee in charge of these prograjns, of v;hich Miss Louisa S. 
Metcalf was chairman, the Committee stated "that it prefers to make no 
specific recommendations concerning a possible continuance of in-service 
training cdong the linos suggested by the institute and workshop. Having 
presented a demonstration of these methods, the Committee believes that 
the Association itself should now indicate vj-hat direction it may v?ish such 
pragrnms to take in the future." 

In 19h9 a second Special Committee ©n In-Service Training; was formed, 
with Mrs. Sarah W. Flannery as chairman, to determine the type of program 
to be sponsored that year by the Association and to be responsible for its 
presentation. This Committee, after exploring numerous possibilities came 
to the conclusion that another institute offered the most opportunity to 
the largest number of staff members within the limitation of time for the 
development of a program v/hich had to be planned during the summer pericd 
for presentation in the fall. The Committee felt strongly that, before 
another Committee v.'as appointed to prepare an in-service training program, 
a study should be made of the in-service training needs and desires of the 
Associations' s members, and the Committee included this recommendation in 
its final report with the added suggestion that a poll of the mcmborship 
be taken to ascertain the real interests of the staff in the matter of 
in-service training as undertaken by the Association. 



As a result of these experiences the Executive Board of the Associa- 
tion appointed the present Committee with the directive "to make a survey 
of the in-service training problem as it exists in our library, [ noting] 
what has been attempted along this line, what has been accomplished, and 
what might be the objectives for the future." From this directive and 
the reviewing of the Association's in-service training activities of the 
past two years, the Committee developed a two-fold purpose: 

(1) to form recommendations for consideration of desirable 
changes in the present in-service training program in 
the light of its findings, and 

(2) to submit suggestions for a specific in-service training 
program or programs which might properly be sponsored by 
the Association. 

A survey, according to the dictionary, is an examination of the 
matter under investigation v/ith reference to condition, quantity, quality 
and the like. It is a preliminary and an essential step toward the pre- 
paration of a program of action. In approaching the task of an in-service 
training survey the Committee members fa-riiliarized themselves with the 
terns and tenets of in-service training and decided to use as a basis for 
the study a definition &f in-service training which was evolved from an 
existing study of in-service training in the field of public administra- 

"In-service training is management's process of aiding emjiloyees to 
gain effectiveness in their present and future work assignments by pro- 
viding, planning, and organizing a program of systematic instruction and 
practice on the jeb in order 

(1) to point out to the employee the way to apply the body 
of knowledge gained in pre-entry education and training 
to the concrete duties of a specific job, and 

(2) to develop appropriate habits of thought and action, 
skills, and knowledge essential to effective performance." 

For the purposes of this Committee's study the various methods used 
in in-service training programs were grouped under three headings: 

(1) orientation or induction training, 

(2) training for higher efficiency on the job, and 

(3) training for promotion. 



The procedure followed by the Committee in gather:. ng information is 
explained in detail in the Preliminary Report submitted to the Executive 
Board on April 2$, 1950, and now on file, and" need not be repeated here. 
It should be noted, however,, that the Committee did not attempt direct 
correspondence with other libraries but used what literature vras already 
available, such as the SORT In-Service Training Survey of 19U9, the Chicago 
University thesis In-Service Training in Large Public Libraries , icritten 
by Harold W. Tuckur and published in 19U0, and the numerous articles in 
professional periodicals of the past few years, since the immediate con- 
cern Y»rs to create an awareness of possibilities in the field rather than 
to produce a scientific study of accomplishjnonts . 

The availability of courses and opportunities outside the Library 
and the formal classes of instruction as they are nov; conducted in the 
Library were given careful consideration. In addition, instructors in 
the latter vrere invited to offer comments. The compilation of courses 
given both in the Library and outside has revealed that there is either 
no course available, or no course separate from a formal pr&gram of 
instruction, vfhich an individual might take in preparation for promo- 
tional examinations in the following subjects: BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY - 

A questionnaire was circulated to members of the Association on 
April 27, 1950, the questions on v/hich vrere designed to indicate both to 
what extent the present program meets the needs of the staff and to what 
extent changes may be desirable, as vrell as how keenly concerned the in- 
dividual staff members may be to have additional professional stimulus. 
The tabulated results of the questionnaire are submitted with this re- 
port, but there are some general observations to be made. 

The 292 responses from I1.36 questionnaires sent out represent a high 
percentage of returns for a questionnaire of this kind. That a sizable 
group at a variety of levels is to be considered has been brought out 
by the fact that there vrere replies from 71 Sub-Professional Assistants, 
hS Probationary Assistants, hh individuals at the Third Step Level, hi 
at the Fifth Step Level, and Ul at the Officer Level. The few remaining 
replies vrere from individuals at the First, Second and Fourth Step 
Levels, with I6 others not indicating at v;-hat level they were in the 
Professional Library Service . 

It should be pointed out that every question was not alv/ays answered 
by the individual filling out the questionnaire. The figures do shovif, 
however, a significant number in favor of the Association sponsoring a 
program, vdth 128 individuals willing to give one to tvro hours per week 
to such an activity, and only 22 definitely stating they would give no 
time at all. 

—2 5"" 

The question regarding the taking of courses as a pre-requisite to 
taking the corresponding examinations was difficult to tabulate since 
the individuals answering did not make correct distinctions in the ex- 
aminations listed, but it is evident from the iLil distinct "No's" for 
the Sub-Professional Library Service and the I38 "No's" for the Pro- 
fessional Library Service that the majority answering do not approve of 
the requirement. There were only 11 who wanted to see all courses made 
compulsory. In view of these results, and after careful consideration, 
the Committee believes it is not advisable to recommend that courses be 
made compulsory. This will allow for a flexible policy permitting each 
case to be judged on an individual basis. The Committee agrees, however, 
on the desirability of the taking of courses and vrould like to record its 
unanimous opinion that the knovj-ledge and training gained in this way is 
not to be compared v;-ith information gathered by intensified study of notes 
in order to pass an examination. There is a lasting value gained, and 
the individual becomes an asset to the Library more likely than he would 
if he were merely to pass an examination. 

Of the 12J4 replies naming additional courses for the Librarj'' to 
offer there was great variety suggested, but those most frequently asked 
for were story-telling, literature, social sciences, foreign languages, 
history, book evaluation and criticism, orientation for ne\; assistants, 
adult education, coiranunity problems. There were 200 v;illing to pay a 
fee for worthv/hile programs in order to secure adequate leadership. 

The preferences as to form of in-service training which might be 
pursued more extensively vrere: 

(1) Formal Classes, 

(2) Institutes, Panels, Lectures, and 

(3) Workshops (third in total of requests) and 
Orientation Courses (third in number of first choices). 

The preferences .in the fields of interest were: 

(1) Book Reviewing, 
(2)- Reader Guidance, and 

(3) Publicity (third in total of requests) and 
. Work with Teen-Age Youth (third in number. of first choices). 



In iriterpreting the figures compiled from the questionnaires to 
formulate recommendations the Committee has given weight to factors knovm 
to exist from the other parts of the study vfhich has been made, and to 
the information gathered from additional comments invited on the ques- 
tionnaire. The Committee believes that formal classes , in terms of those 
that are novj- conducted for in-service training, are not suitable for an 
Association activity. The fact that formal classes received first place 
among in-service training devices shows the need which existing classes 
fill and the desire on the part of the staff for further and particular 
knowledge . 

The Committee believes, furthermore^ that qualified instructors, 
carefully selected training media, necessary physical resources and 
adequate time are some of the requisites of a successful in-service 
training program* These factors, and the comments made by the instructors 
of the preseni classes, sis well as by students in the classes, point out 
the need for a director of training whose sole duty vrould be the super- 
vision and coordination of the Library's In-Service Training Program* 
By this means a more effective program could be carried on as a v;hole with 
continued high standards assured. A completely organized program of 
training is an accepted necessity; the definite planning of all training 
is the next step. 

Many authorities agree that one of the chief aims of in-service 
training for libraries is acquaintance with policies and practices of a 
particular library, and that the type of induction training given can 
make or break the interest of a new trainee. The Committee is of the 
belief (substantiated by the concern reflected in the comments of the 
staff) that there is a special need for extension of the present 
orientation program. Such a program should emphasize the history and 
importance of the Library and its place in the community. It should 
thoroughly acquaint the new assistant with the Library and its depart- 
ments and give him a sense of participation in carrying out its policies, 
and instill a feeling for librarianship as something more than just a 
job. It is at this point also that the nevif assistant, if he is to be in 
an open department, could be helped to understand the importance of 
meeting the public: as to the approach, the response, and how to conduct 
himself in difficult situations . 

Closely allied to the orientation courses is another in-service 
training device for induction which is planned job rotation . There is 
some job rotation in the Library at present, more especially in thj branch 
libraries, but the possibilities for job rotation in the Central Library 
could well be explored, particularly in those units where there is a special 
need. Job rotation for staff members who have been employed for a long 
period of time is often not desirable, but much could be gained if those 
individuals who would like to increase their knowledge and experience 
might b« allowed the opportunity on a voluntary basis; for the new 
assistant job rotation is indispensable and should be compulsory. 


Staff meetings are vital to the integration of library service and 
to the morale of the employees, and for this reason should be held vdth 
planned regularity. Such meetings should be for the separate units under 
each Branch Librarian and Department Head, for the Chiefs of Departments 
as for Branch Librarians at present, and for the whole staff. It would 
be valuable if there could be arranged at least one general staff meeting 
during the year to be held in a series of three meetings at which a cross- 
section of the staff could gather (instead of the present division by 
levels) and at which library problems, assembled by a committee of staff 
members in cooperation with the Administration, could be discussed. 

' In considering the subject of foreign languages in relation to courses 
it has come to the attention of the Committee that the requirement for the 
second step examination for the Reference Division might advantageously 
be changed to read "French or German and one other foreign language" . Since 
many of the trained people entering the Professional Library Service come 
with a knowledge of French and German from college, giving recognition to 
a third foreign language ;vould increase the variety of languages being 
handled with facility by the staff. 

Tv;o of the comments which appeared repeatedly v;ere that courses 
should be taken in library time and that some form of credit should be 
given for them or for any other courses that may be added. The Committee 
believes that with the present five-day week it should not be a hardship 
for individuals to take courses on their own time, especially since most 
of the courses are taken in preparation for an examination for which the 
individual receives added remuneration when passed, as v^-ell as personal 
benefit and improvement. In parallel cases in business- establishments, 
banks, and public schools it is expected that such courses v/ill be taken 
on the employee's ovm tiine . On the question of credit the Committee 
points out that credit is given in the sense of additional information 
recorded in personnel files, but that there can be no acquiring of credits 
in the terms of college credits for courses other than in an accredited 
educational institution. 

In view of the foregoing, the Committee recommends for consideration 
the following changes and additions to the present In-Service Training 

(1) the appointment of an individual to the position of 
director of training vfhoso sole duty would be the 
supervision and coordination of the Library's In-Service 
Training Program, 

(2) an extended orientation course for new assistants, 

(3) job rotation as an essential device in induction training, 


{h ) regularly planned staff meetings within units and 
for Department Heads (where they do not now exist ) 
and planned discussion meetings for the general 
staff without division of staff by levels, and 

(5) the requirement for the Step II promotional examina- 
tion expanded to include French and German OR 
French or German and one other foreign language, to 
be decided from the needs of the department. 


In projecting plans for the Association's in-service training pro- 
gram for the coming year the Committee decided that its suggestions should 
be presented in general rather than specific terms, since the individuals 
vifho v/ill do the actual work on the planning and presentation will have to 
determine the necessary details in carrying it out. 

The Committee recommends that the Association sponsor a series of 
workshops which can be undertaken over a period of time net necessarily 
limited to one year. Since the Association has sponsored two successful 
Institutes, some other form of in-service training program should be 
explored more thoroughly, ana workshops v;ould seem to be the logical next 
step. Although a workshop was part of the 19U8 program, it was given at 
a time which prevented it from receiving full support and was not, there- 
fore, a fair trial of this device. In offering a series of vrorkshops which 
can be spaced at the discretion of the Executive Board of the Association, 
either in a sequence or simultaneously, the Committee feels that definite 
and practical help may be given to small groups of staff members, a fact 
which has distinct merit. 

Basing its recommendation on the preference expressed in the 
questionnaire, and on the overall study, the Committee suggests that the 
subjects for these workshops be selected to include the following: Book 
Reviewing in terms of evaluation for potential readers, Reader Guidance , 
individual and group. Publicity , Work vrith Teen-Age Youth , and Super - 
visory Problems . By the term Book Reviev/ing the Committee believes that 
evaluation of current materials is the type of presentation desired with 
the interests of both Divisions - Circulation and Reference - being 
represented in tw« separate workshops. The series should be open to 
librarians of the Boston area as the Institutes of the past two years 
have been. This would add to the financial support of the programs and 
help secure for them outstanding personalities. 

In conclusion, the Committee would like to repeat that any program 
undertaken by the Association should not duplicate courses available 
elsewhere unless the outside courses are not keyed to library needs, 
that speakers or leaders should be of high calibre and that the standards 


in general should be kept at a high level . The changing needs and in- 
terests of the staff should be checked periodically in order that the 
Association may determine current demands of the staff in planning its 
supplementary in-service training program, and consideration should be 
given in the future to the exploration of in-service training devices 
other than those already demonstrated. 

Respectfully submitted. 


Pauline A. V/alker, Chairnan 
Geraldirte T. Bfeck 
Bradford M. Hill 
Evelyn Levy 
Mary C . Robbins 

23 May 19^0 



Statistics on Questionnaire sent to Members by In-Service Training 

Committee, 2? April 1950 

Of the h36 questionnaires sent out 292 were returned. 

1. Present position: 

Sub-Professional Library Service - 71 individuals checked 

Professional Library Service - 221 individuals checked 

Probationary Assistant Ii5 

Assistant, 1st Step 8 

Assistant, 2d Step 7 

Assistant, 3d Step UU 

Assistant, Uth Step 13 

Assistant, 5th Step ^7 

Officer Ul 

Unspecified l6 

2. .., favor the BPLPSA undertaking an in-service training program;.. 

Yes 189 

No i^^J 

3. Which ... forms of in-service training would you like ... 

Formal classes on particular subjects II4U 
Institutes, panels, lectures • 103 
Vforkshops 97 

k» How much time ... would you ... be willing to give .,. 

One hour a week 79 

Two hours a week 1^9 

Tito hours a month li; 

One hour a month 6 

No time 22 

5* ... courses ... pre-requisite ... to taking ... examinations: 

In Sub-Professional Library Service 





In Professional Library Service 





For all 






5. (Continued) ... name the courses which should be made pre-requisite: 

In Sub-Professional Library Service 

Registration 31 

Book Preparation 2^ 

Cataloging and Classification 32 

In Professional Library Service 

Cataloging and Classification 71; 

Reference 37 

Book Selection l6 

6. Do you think that the Boston Public Library should offer courses other 
than those offered at present? 

Yes 12U 

No o3 

If so, please state what courses; 

Storytelling Refresher Courses 

Literature Courses dealing with Public 

Social Science Book Reviewing 

History Foreign Languages - Spanish, 

Italian, Russian 

7. ••* would you be willing to pay nominal fee ... 

Yes 200 

No UO 

Doubtful 1 

8. ... preference of ... fields of interest: 

f . Book Reviewing 126 
c. Reader Guidance 121 

g. Publicity 88 
k. Work with Teen-Age Youth 85 

23 May 19^0 


Filial Bo-port of the CoramlttcG on Pcrsonnol Service Eatings 

To the Executive Board: 

The Committee on Personnel Service Eatings of the 
Boston PulDlic Lilsrary Professional Staff Association suliinits the follovdng 

A, Eatings forms. 

1« That the administration again rcviov; the use of Eatings forms 

with the possibility in mind of limiting their use to the follo\d.ns: 

a. Eatings forms to "be used for Unclassified and Protetionary 
assistants at cither throe or six month intervals until 
permanently appointed. 

"b. Eatings forms to "be used for candidates for promotion, change 
of position and transfer, 

c. Eatings forms to he used v/honever the cmployGC or department 
head so request, - "but not oftcner than once a year, 

B. Presiming that the use of Eatings forms is to remain in practice, the 
Committee suhmits the follov/ing suggestions. 

1. Conimittec of Ecvicw. 

a. Our present sj^stem calling for a review of each rating "by the 
immediate supervisor of the rater and then hy the Division Head 
functions, in effect, as would a Committee of Ecvicw. Vc have 
what amounts to an informal review of each persoimel rating and 
the Committee feels that there is no need of a more formal type 
of Eeview Board. Similar systems for review of ratings seem to 
T3C the common practice in most of the other large lihrarics v;hich 
responded to a questionnaire on the suhject. 

2. Uc vjould recommend a Board of Appeal with po\;or to decide each case 
hrought "before said "board to function as follovis: 

a, A panel of ten mora"bcrs appointed every year; five "by the adminis- 
tration and five "by the executive "board of tho Boston Pa'blic 
Li"brary Professional Staff Association. 


"b. The Board of Appeal to "be drawn for each case to consist of three 
mcmhers from the atove mentioned panel; one chosen ty the adminis- 
tration, one chosen "by the executive "board of the Boston Puhllc 
Library Professional Staff Association, and one chosen hy the 
person whose case is "being appealed. 

lilnally the Committee recommends that it might "be advisa'ble to conduct a 
poll to determine the general opinion of the staff on the a"hove mentioned recommenda- 

Ecspcctfully su"bmitted, 

Alice E. Hackett, Chairman 
(Mrs.) Bar"bara P. Cotter 
Marie Cronin 
Dorothy Shaw 
Gladys White 



Final Reiport of the Commlttoc on Sattatical Leaves of A"bsGncG 

To the Executive Board; 

The new Committee appointed in March to investigate sattatical 
leaves received from the former Committee headed "by Miss Smart sximmaries of con- 
ditions for sah'batical leaves in putlic schools, state colleges and universities. 
These v/ere reported to the Association at the "business meeting on January 20. 

Since the A.L.A. Board on personnel Administration continued 
to ignore letters of inq.uiry atout sattatical leaves for librarians, the nev; Committee 
sent out on April I5 a questionnaire to ^0 large putlic libraries of the country ask- 
ing for statements of policy in granting some form of leave of a"bscncc v;hich might 
Tdc termed sattatical. 

Of these ^C libraries, 39 answered. 16 volunteered information 
a"bout their leaves without pay for study, travel, health, or temporary v;ork in another 
library, such leaves as arc comparable to those granted staff mcmhcrs in this library. 
Three libraries indicated the granting of some form of leave with pay. 

Two ans\;ers of particular interest came from Brooklyn and New 
York City v;hcre extra vacations with pay arc granted v/ith sahbatical regularity. 
The Brooklyn Public Library gives an "Extra Service" v/hich is granted to all 
members of their staff: Adiiinistrativc, Professional, Clerical, and Custodial, for 
length of service. This leave is an extra month's vacation. The first leave is 
given at the conclusion of ten years of service and succeeding leaves every seven 
years thereafter. In the case of professional workers it is sometimes used for the 
purpose of professional study, but much more often it is used only as additional 
vacation time. The New York Public Library grants to all regular, permanent employees 
who have given 25 years of full-time service, 26 additional worldng days with full 
salary. This is repeated every five years after the initial leave. Ho purpose is 
specified or required. A substitute is employed if necessary. The ilev; York Public 
Library Personnel Office states that conditions for tliis leave are under considera- 
tion for revision. 

The Fort ¥orth Public Library indicates that in a few instances 
short leaves vitli pay have been granted in special cases. 

After study and discussion of inform.ation contained in these 
ansv/ers to the questionnaire, the Committee has drav/n up the following proposals for 
the granting of sabbatical leaves to members of the staff of this library and with 
the approval of the Executive Board of the Association submits these proposals now 
for your consideration: 

First, It is recom.mcndcd that on request an extra 24 days' vacation with half 
pay bo granted for study or travel to members of the bibliothecal staff 
after 10 years of service. Similar leaves to be repeated, if requested, 
cvory 7 years thereafter. 


Sccond . It is rccommnnded as an alternate choice, after 10 years of service, 
that a staff mcmtcr "be ei'^'J^^cd for purposes of norc c::tcndcd study 
6 months with half pay. An additional 6 months to tc allowed, in 
conjunction v;ith the first 6 months, "but witho\it pay, for continued 
study, if desired. On special consideration, the same grants of time 
to he made for research, writing, and purposeful travel, when approved 
by the proper authority. 

Respectfully suhmittcd, 

Virginia Haviland, Chairman 
Edward X. Casey 
Jennnctto Popin 
Edith M. Slinoy 


V. I 

^ S. A 







I' — ... 


75 FIRSl BALCONY • ^1.75 
75 riOOR 0&AT5 • $Z.25 

Send inoney v\/ith request to 

Mary O'G, Cahill 
Book Purchasina Departmeni 


Entertainment Committee 
Mary A. Hackett, Chairman 

Lillian M, Belzer 
Mary O'G. Cahill 
Margaret A. Calnan 
Duilia Capobianco 
M. Gertrude Chiproan 
G. Florence Connolly 

Mary F. Daly 
Marie R. Kennedy 
Emilia M. Lange 
Ethel L. O'Brien 
Joyce C. Rylander 
Helen Savakian 








Published by the Boston Public Library Professional Staff Association 
Volume V, Number 7 July 19^0 

Publications Committee: IJildred R. Adelson, John U. Carroll, Eleanor DiGiannantonio, 

M. Dorothy Brackett Ekstrora, Sarah M. Usher, Chairman 

Publication date ; 
The fifteenth of each month 

Deadline for submitting material ; 
The tenth of each month 


In a recent talk to librarians at 
YoTingstoivn, Ohio, I.Ir Clarence R. Graham, 
Librarian of the Free Public Library, 
Louisville, Kentucky, stated that at his 
Library book circulation has increased by 
one-third since the introduction of non- 
book materials such as television, films, 
records, and radio broadcasting. 

In a recent article by a popular writer 
of a syndicated column the following ap- 
peared: "A million good books go unread 
while the guests v/atch the rassles on the 
TV screen, ,.. In the face of charades 
and canasta, literature has gone under- 

Since the introduction of film showings 
in branch libraries, the increasing nvim- 
ber of television sets in homes, and the 
Tfrave of enthusiasm for canasta, what has 
been happening to reading and circulation 
in the Boston Public Library? Obviously, 
to compare the Boston Public Library's 
facilities with those of the Louisville 
Public Library would be to place our 
Library at a disadvantage, inasmuch as 
developments in the field of audio-visual 
aids in Louisville have been phenomenal, 
and even include its own FIvI radio station, 

Branch Librarians and Department Chiefs 
know what has been happening to reading 
and circulation in the past few years; 
others can gain a kno^vledge of the qvian- 
tity if not the quality by consulting the 
annual statistical reports. Our purpose 
in introducing the subject here is to in- 
vite discussion in the next issue of THE 
QUESTION MRK on the pros and cons of 
television vs. reading and circulation , 
canasta vs. reading and circulation , etc. 
We urge those vifho have ideas on vrays to 
encourage reading, and incidentally keep 
circulation increasing, to express them. 
An open discussion on the subject may 

prove helpful. Don't wait for the other 
fellow to "speak his piece" first; set 
your thoughts dovm on paper and send them 


This is an invitation to each person 
going to AM to bring back to "The Question 
Mark" a short paragraph — maybe a half 
column — setting forth what he or she 
considered to be the highlight of the 
Convention, Remember the deadline — 
August 10 , — but v;e suggest that you let 
us have it earlier while the details are 
fresh in your mind, 

New Staff Members 

Mr Lloyd \'I. Griffin, Cataloging and 
Classification for Reference and Research 

Mr George Pahud, Music Department. 

Mrs Jan M. Jackman, Personnel Office. 
JIrs Jackman formerly vrorked in the Cata- 
loging and Classification for Reference 
and Research Services, 


Miss Nancy Dickson, Book Selection for 
Home Reading Services, to be married. 

Miss Jean Richardson, Personnel Office, 
to accept another position, 

Mrs Elizabeth A, Simoons, Bookmobile, to 
live in California T;here her husband has a 
teaching position. 



Miss Anne Moore, Open Shelf Department, 
to Mr Paul Dolan of Jamaica Plain. Mr 
Dolan is associated with the law firm of 
Palmer, Dodge, Bickford, and Bradford. 

Miss Julia M. Manning, Rare Book De- 
partment, to Mr Edward F. Gurnett, Jr. of 
Newtonville . 


On Saturday, July 1, Miss Anne Connors 
was married to Mr James M. Kearney of 
Dorchester at St. William's Church, 
Dorchester. The bride wore a princess- 
style gown of white lace over satin, the 
dress flov,ring into a train and the veil 
full-length. Her bouquet was of white 
orchids. The bride's sister. Miss 
Gretchen Connors, was maid of honor. 
Miss Mary T. C. Mannix of Parker Hill 
Branch Library and Mss Marie Kennedy of 
Mt. Bov;doin Branch Library, Children's 
Librarians, vrere bridesmaids. All three 
wore frosted blue organdy gowns and car- 
ried old-fashioned bouquets. A reception 
for one hundred and tvrenty-five guests 
was held in the Sheraton Fioora, Copley 
Plaza Hotel. Mr and Mrs Kearney are 
taking a honeymoon trip by auto through 
the northern Nevj- England states to 
Montreal, where they will take a boat 
trip up the Saguenay, 


The Jeviish Child in Bookland , by Fanny 
Goldstein. Jewish Council of America. 
New York. 19^0. 

"A selected bibliography of juveniles 
for the Jewish child's ovm bookshelf." 

The June 1950 issue of The Nev/ England 
Quarterly includes a revlevir of Jessie H. 
Shera's Foundations of the Public Library, 

An appraisal of the important contribu- 
tion made to the furthering of inter- 
American social and economic relationships 
by the 1950 census of the Americas. The 
first hemispheric census, this work is a 
cooperative undertaking of the twenty-two 
nations of the ViTestern hemisphere. 


Mr Richard G. Appel, Chief of the Music 
Department, recently addressed the young 
people's group in the New Old South Church 
on the Appreciation of Fine Music. 



Miss Jean B. Lay, Cataloging and Classi- 
fication for Home Reading Services, as she 
recuperates at the Nev/ England Sanitarium, 
5 Woodland Road, Stoneham, after her re- 
cent operation, 



Mrs Anna Lou Shanor, assistant in the 
Children's Room at the South End Branch 
Library, and her husband flev/ from New- 
York on July 3 to Europe, Landing in 
Paris, they will visit parts of France, 
England, Scotland, Holland, Germany, 
Austria, Italy, and Switzerland, 

one of the "Studies in Library Science" 
published by the University of Chicago, 
by Mr Zoltin Haras zti. Keeper of Rare 
Books and Editor of Publications. 


The 19^0 census of the Americas . Mary 
F. Daly. Library Journal , June 15, 1950 
pp. 1030-31. 

Miss Rebecca Millmeister, Second Assist- 
ant, West End Branch Library is now on a 
five-week flying (literally) trip to 
Israel, Greece, Great Britain, Scotland, 
and Ireland. The staff wishes her an en- 
riching and happy journey, 


Mr ilartin Murphy, congenial operator of 
the staff elevator, held the lucky number 
and was presented with a new Ford sedan by 
the Yfest Roxbury Post of the American Le- 
gion, Mr Murphy had recently purchased a 
lew Chevrolet but he is keeping the Ford 
in the family by passing it along to his 


sister. Congratulations to him — and to 
his sister, 

Scholarship Avrards 

Mr Walter R. Curley 

Probationary Assistant, Science and 

Technology Department 

Francis Skinner Scholarship 
Miss Elizabeth M. Kaufraann 

Assistant, Print Department 

Joseph H, Center Scholarship 
Miss Joan J. Pollard 

Probationary Assistant, Lower Mills 

Branch Library 

Daniel Treadvrell Scholarship 
Miss Ellen E. Richwagen 

Probationary Assistant, Roslindale 

Branch Library 

Daniel Sharp Ford Scholarship 

A.L.A. Conference Grants 

Mrs Iphigenia K. Fillios 

Assistant, Vfest Roxbury Branch Library 
Mrs Evelyn G. Green 

First Assistant, Jamaica Plain Branch 

MjLss Ruth M. Hayes 

Branch Librarian, Neponset Branch 

Miss Elvira G. Lavorgna 

Assistant, Fine Arts Department 
Mr Thomas J. Manning 

Assistant 5th Step, Director's Office 


Mrs Grace B. Loughlin, Chief, Branch 
Issue Department, has been invited to 
represent the Boston Public Library staff 
on the Membership Committee of the Massa- 
chusetts Library Association. 

West End Branch Library is proud and 
pleased to announce that it is the only 
institution in this part of the country 
v/hich receives the Bulletin of the 
Australian Jewish Historical Society. 
Miss Fanny Goldstein, Branch Librarian, 
is the American Corresponding Secretary. 

Mr Richard G. Appel, Chief, Music De- 
partment, has been reappointed as Chairman 
of the Committee on Periodical Indexes of 
the Music Library Association by Edward E. 
Colby, the new president. 

His transcription for full orchestra of 
Bach's Jesu Joy of Man's Desiring was 
played at the Boston "Pops" on June 21, in 
connection with the program arranged for 
the members of the American Guild of 


Phases of the work of the Boston Public 
Library have been featured on five tele- 
vision shoiYs since the middle of June. On 
three occasions members of the staff par- 

The first of the three was Miss Elizabeth 
B. Boudreau, Chief of the Information Of- 
fice, who told of the work of that office, 
of the June exhibitions, and of the sum- 
mer reading list, Through the Open Gate , 
over MAC-TV on June 12. 

On June 29, Mr Thomas Manning, Exhibits 
Office, made his second appearance on be- 
half of the Library when he told of the 
exhibit of Old Cook Books and displayed 
many of the books and unusual utensils 
which are part of the material sho^'.Ti in 
the Chavannes Gallery during the first two 
weeks in July. This was also over WNAC-TV, 

The third program was an interview be- 
tv/een Gretchen McMullen, who had lent many 
kitchen utensils for the exliibit about 
which Mr Manning had spoken, and Bill Hahn 
of Station VJNAC-TV, on July 5. Because of 
the interest in the subject this interview 
Tias given an extra ten minutes. 

That same afternoon the exhibit of cook 
books came in for more publicity over 
Station TiTBZ-TV, although no member of the 
staff participated. 

Miss Virginia Haviland, Branch Librarian, 
told of the activities planned for the 
summer months at Phillips Brooks Branch 
Library v;hen she appeared on V/NAC-TV on 
July 10. She brought with her for display 
puppets in the process of making, completed 
puppets, v/ild flov/er specimens, finger 
paintings, and the candy house of the 
vatch in Hansel and Gretel . She had an 
opportunity also to call attention to the 
summer reading list. 



Mr E. Seymour Shaw, Trustee, Public Li- 
brary, Sidney, Nexv South Wales . 

Miss Carol Miles, Catalog Department, 
Johannesburg Public Library, Johannesburg, 
South Africa. 

Dr S. R. Ranganathan, Professor of Li- 
brary Science, University of Delhi, India. 
He was accompanied by llir A. Parthesarathy, 
also of the University of Delhi, 

Mrs Elsa Ulfsparre, Lund, Sweden. 

Mrs S. A. Gracknell, Library Trustee, 
Vancouver Public Library, Vancouver, 
British Columbia, Canada. 

Mr John Mackenzie Cory, Executive Secre- 
tary, American Library Association. 



Having heard such pleasant reports from 
Mrs Edith H. Bailey, Branch Librarian, 
Emeritus , Phillips Brooks Branch Library, 
who is acting as guide at "Fruitlands", we 
asked her if she would be willing to share 
some of her enthusiasm vdth us through the 
pages of "The Question Mark". She has 
sent us the following, for which we are 
most appreciative. We are sure that Mrs 
Bailey will welcome all BPLers who find 
themselves in the vicinity of Harvard, 
Massachusetts, during the summer months. 

If you have ever driven to Fruitlands 
and turned into Prospect Hill Road at The 
Pergolas , home of Clara Endicott Sears, 
you will never forget the sudden, breath- 
taking view from there — down over the 
Nashua Valley, then up and av/ay to-vrard 
Wachuset and TTonadnock on the horizon. It 
is on this lovely hillside that I am spend- 
ing the stimmer. 

Looking down from her terrace some 
thirty-five years ago, Miss Sears saw at 
the foot of the hill a tumble-doim old 
farmhouse that she knew had once been the 
scene of the idealistic effort to build a 
"Nev/ Eden." Bronson Alcott had lived 
there with his family ;Yhen Louisa May was 
about ten years old. Emerson and the rest 
of the Transcendentalists had gone in and 
out. The house, she decided, must be re- 
stored to remind our modem generation of 
the ideas and ideals of that group of 
thinkers ivho had so large a share in "the 
flowering of New England." 

Before many years Mss Sears became 
aware that the Shaker community of Harvard, 
after many years of prosperous growth, was 
dying out. Again a chapter of New England 
history to be rescued! Before the last 
Shakers were taken away and the building 
sold, she had had the oldest house moved 
bodily to our hillside, where it made a 
second museum, presenting Shaker life, 
customs, belief, and especially their 
rather amazing inventiveness and practical 
business ventures. 

And if the history of the valley was to 
be preserved, what of the Indians? A 
beautiful new building, built of material 
from historic sites, came to house a col- 
lection not so large as some, but unique 
in its beauty. The emphasis is on Indian 
art and handicraft, and on symbols of 
their poetic and religious aspirations. 
Two splendid statues by Philip Sears, es- 
pecially one of Paumananguit, "He 7i/ho 
Shoots the Stars", are worth coming to 
Fruitlands to see. For nearly ten years 
Ivliss Sears was gathering Indian material 
that required an addition to the original 

In the meantime she vras becoming ab- 
sorbed in the quest of vanishing portraits 
by itinerant artists and has gathered an 
vinequaled collection of Nev/ England prima- 
tives vrfiich art connoisseurs and fellow 
collectors come from all over the country 
to see. As late as 19U7 another gallery 
was added, this time of Hudson River art- 

Here it is that I have found a nev; job 
as one of five museum guides. I'm as 
thrilled at the opportunity as I -ft-as — 
how many years ago? — vihen Miss Peck sug- 
gested that I apply for a job at Phillips 
Brooks. In both cases life as it had been 
seemed to have come to a dead end — then 
a new vista opened. In both cases, too, 
was the challenge of a lot of studying to 
be done (delightful reading here on 
Transcendentalists, Shaker, Indian lore 
and early American art) and the joy of 
meeting and working with people (How can 
folks be satisfied vath jobs that deal 
only vdth things i) Yes, people . People 
from every where I 

Our first day open came eight Niemann 
Fellows from Harvard with their families, 
about to scatter next day to as many 
states. Three days later a group of six- 
teen from the Ul^ appeared. They vrere mem- 
bers of the permanent secretariat being 


entertained in Harvard (tovm not univer- 
sity) by a group representing the Histor- 
ical Society, League of Women Voters, and 
D.A.R. Their eagerness was quite matched 
by our enthusiasm as their revealing com- 
ments made Denmark, South Africa, Mexico, 
and a dozen other countries seem more a 
part of One World. 

Since then unofficial representatives 
from at least as many more countries have 
come here. One particularly dull and 
quiet day, for instance, revealed on the 
register; Athens, Greece; Anchorage, 
Alaska.; Hungary and Harvard University. 

But it's not only visitors from afar 
that give us joy. The typical group is 
one person or couple who have been here 
before, with guests from California, 
Alabama or just next door to share their 
enthusiasm. It has been a pleasure to me 
to welcome at different times twenty-six 
people from my particular briar patch, 
Hyde Park. Now I am beginning to look 
for friends from B.P.L. 

Do come — 

(signed) Edith H. Bailey 

Over a period of many years Miss Edith 
Guerrier, Supervisor of Branch Libraries, 
Emeritus , has collected books relating to 
the history of New England, After care- 
fully considering where such a collection 
— 1200 was the final count — would be 
of greatest value, she chose Lewis and 
Clark College, Portland, Oregon, There 
the collection is to be known as the 
Edith Guerrier Nev^r England Collection . 
Before the gift was sent, all the volumes 
were properly mended and bound where such 
attention was needed. A card catalog was 
prepared by Mrs Fenno Faulkner, former 
children's librarian and branch librarian 
in the Boston Public Library, and every 
book vras properly numbered. The classi- 
fication of the collection, was devised 
by an expert classifier, Miss M» A. 
Hughes, Librarian of Northeastern Univer- 
sity Law Library. We quote two letters 
received by Miss Guerrier after the books 
reached their destination — one from the 
President of the College, Mr Morgan Odell; 
the other from the Librarian, Mr Laurence 
E. Tomlinson, 

Dear Miss Guerrier: 

April 12, 1950 

As I have read over the list of materi- 
als which your generosity led you to send 
us and looked at some of the books and 
periodicals, ray heart rejoices again in 
the unexpected gift which came to us from 
clear across the continent. The good im- 
pressions which Miss Armstrong and your- 
self received concerning our early devel- 
opments on this neviT campus have borne 
fruit richly for us. Members of the Eng- 
lish faculty are delighted with the mate- 
rials available for some research work. 
Your collection of New England materials, 
particularly as they deal with the liter- 
ary history of Massachusetts, will 
strengthen us greatly as we move carefully 
out into the field of advanced study for 
the Master's degree. 

Dr ToiTilinson is planning the best possi- 
ble display of the materials, particularly 
in connection with commencement. As you 
knoT/, our present library facilities are 
decidedly limited. Some day, of course, 
we mil have a fine structure in which 
special alcoves will be available for your 
collection, along with one or two others 
of western literature which are now devel- 

Yfe hope to have the pleasure of a visit 
from you in the not too distant future. 

Very sincerely, 

(signed) MORGAN ODELL 

Dear Miss Guerrier: 

I wish to take this opportunity to ex- 
press to you our sincere gratitude for 
your presentation of The New England 
Collection to our library. You certainly 
have spared no time nor expense in cata- 
loging the books and in systematically 
segregating them by classification, I am 
sure, when the collection is shelved, both 
students and faculty will profit greatly 
from the materials included. 

In the meantime, we are making a summary 
examination and evaluation of the individ- 
ual items preparatory to xvriting up an in- 
formative publicity article. We under- 
stand that it is your T/ish that we keep 
the collection intact as a separate library. 
If it is agreeable with you, we shall refer 
to it in the future as the "Edith Guerrier 
New England Collection", 


With the hope that I may have the 
ure of meetinr; you personally in the near 
future, I am, 

Sincerely yours, 


April 1, 1950 

Vfe welcome home after a long hospitali- 
sation, J'lr William McCarthy, i|2 Vinson 
Street, Dorchester. Mr McCarthy worked 
in the Newspaper and Periodical Depart- 
ment before his illness. 


Announcement has been made of the birth 
of a son, Stephen Paul, on May 16, 19^0 
to Mr and Mrs IVilliara Clancy, Mrs Clancy 
is the former Jeanne Delaney of the 
Children's Room at Dorchester Branch Li- 


Announcement has been made of the birth 
of a daughter on July 11, 19^0 to Mr and 
Mrs George Cooms, Mrs Cooms is the form- 
er Lydia lacono of Dorchester Branch Li- 

Announcement has been made of the birth 
of a son to Mr and Mrs Edward Iiiialoof on 
July 6. Mrs Maloof is the former Kathryn 
Dolan of the Open Shelf Department. 


Announcement has been made of the birth 
of twins, a son and a daughter, to Mr and 
Mrs Joseph Coutoure. JIrs Coutoure is the 
former Evelyn Walsh of the Open Shelf De- 


The query which appeared in the June 
Soap Box regarding the installation of a 
coke machine prior to the opening of the 
concession was given due consideration by 
the Concession Committee. The Committee 


s that the contract for the work on 
the concession has been awarded and should 
go forward within the very near future. 
The contract with the concessionaire calls 
for the dispensing of soft drinks over the 
counter rather than by machine. Since 
this contract is already signed and since 
the concession should be in operation rel- 
atively soon it does not seem feasible to 
set up a coke machine which would have to 
be taken out as soon as the concession 
opened. It is sad, very sad, to be thirsly 
these hot days but let us bear our great 
burden with fortitude. 

During the past year there has been an 
increasing interest in The Question Mark , 
due entirely to the high quality of this 
periodical (Editor and Publications Com- 
mittee, please take a bow). This interest 
has resulted in a request that some provi- 
sion be made whereby those who have left 
the service may have the privilege of re- 
ceiving The Question Mark . It has also 
resulted in a rather steady demand for ex- 
tra copies on the part of Association mem- 
bers. Sometime ago it was ruled that all 
those v:ho retired should automatically re- 
ceive The Question Mark , if they so re- 
quested. This ruling still stands. The 
Executive Board has now added the follow- 
ing proviso: 

Any Association member who leaves the serv- 
ice prior to retirement may receive The 
Question Mark , if he so desires, for the 
sum of fifty cents a year, to cover the 
cost of postage and handling. Association 
members who desire extra copies of any num- 
ber of The Question Mark may have them, if 
they are available, for the price of ten 
cents a copy. 

Based on the recommendation of the spe- 
cial committee on In-Service Training, 
headed by Miss Pauline Vfalker (See The 
Question Mark, June 19^0, Appendix A), the 

Executive Board decided to sponsor a series 
of workshops to be conducted during the 
spring of 1951. In order to get this pro- 
ject laiinched, a Steering Committee ;ras 
appointed. It shall be the task of this 
committee to set up overall plans for the 
irorkshops, as to times they are to be held, 
subjects to be included, type of leaders 
to be used, and all general activities 


coincidental with such a project. The 
committee is as follows: 

Mr George E. Earley, General Reference 

Miss Evelyn Levy, Brighton Branch Li- 

Mrs Dorothy T. Lovett, Kirstein Busi- 
ness Branch 

This committee, if it is to function ef- 
fectively, must have the support of the 
entire staff. These workshops are being 
set up as a result of the questionnaire 
in which a majority of the staff indicatec 
their wishes for such an activity. Your 
cooperation is essential. If the Commit- 
tee approaches you regarding your help 
in this matter, remember there is a vast 
difference between the five words "I'll 
be glad to help," and the four words, 
"Sorry, I'm too busy". 


Some people seem to be worried over re- 
turn of their applications for State 
Certification of Librarianship, which 
must be filed on or before August lUj 
1950. In many instances these certifi- 
cates have been held up, undoubtedly un- 
avoidably so, for some time. Since 
August is the deadline for filing appli- 
cations, and since vacations are now in 
full force, it might be well if everyone 
who is interested in obtaining a certifi- 
cate should be sure that his application 
is in the Personnel Office before he 
leaves for vacation. 

The follo-v'ri-ng letters from the Director 
are self-explanatory and were sent upon 
his receipt of the reports of the three 
committees referred to in the letters: 

10 July 1950 

Dear Miss Peck: 

I have examined vith interest the 
Final Report of the Special Committee on 
In-Service Training as recently brought 
into being by the special committee under 
the chairmanship of Miss Pauline A. 

I am pleased with the assurance con- 
veyed in this presentation that the As- 
sociation has responsibilities of its ovm 
as well as does the administration of the 

Library in this important matter of in- 
service training. I hope that the Asso- 
ciation will be able to continue its pro- 
gram of positive accomplishment in this 
direction. At the same time I believe 
that the Library can proceed along posi- 
tive lines itself. I hope that on both 
sides there will be an opportunity for 
continued study and accomplishment. 

With thanks to you and your associates 
for the aid which you have been giving in 
this important matter. 


Yours sincerely, 


10 July 1950 

Dear Miss Peck: 

. I have now had an opportunity to examine 
with some degree of care the Final Rep c'ru 
of the Committee on Personnel Service 

Rating , as prepared by the special comiid"''.-- 
tee headed by Miss Alice E. Hackett as 

The suggestions made in this report are 
having careful consideration, I believe 
that from them may come the possibility of 
action in certain directions which will 
bring satisfaction to all concerned. 

We are greatly obliged to you and your 
associates for the aid which is here rep- 


Yours sincerely, 

10 July 1950 

Dear Miss Peck: 

This comes to let you know that there is 
before us and receiving consideration the 
Final Report of the Spe c ial Committee on 
Sabbatical Leaves of Absence as brought 
into being by your committee headed by 
Miss Virginia Haviland as Chairman. 

I think that I ought to say to you that 
the possibilities of action concerning the 
recommendations in this direction are 
probably somev/hat problematic. Still the 
matter will be looked at with care, vidth 
the assurance that whatever has been 


suggested or can be accomplished will be 
looked at with an open mind. 

Vie are grateful to you and your asso- 
ciates for examining this matter which is 
of interest to so many people. 

Yours sincerely, 

(signed) MILTON E. LORD 



The 1950 Annual Convention was held at 
Atlantic City, June 12-16. 

The First General Session took place on 
Monday morning. The address of welcome 
was given by Dr John H. Bosshart, Commis- 
sioner, New Jersey State Education Depart- 
ment, Miss Hazel Kirk Levins, President 
of the New Jersey Chapter, gave the re- 
sponse. Various guests were introduced, 
including Dr Ranganathan, President of the 
Indian Library Association. The main 
speaker was Mr Freemont Rider, Chairman, 
Microcard Committee; Librarian, Vifesleyan 
University. His topic vras "Microcards 
and the Library Storage Problem." His 
arguments for microcards as an important 
development in saving storage space were 
most convincing. 

The Chapter and Group Relations Lunch- 
eon on Monday was open to all members, 
Mr Howard Coonley, Chairman of the Ex- 
ecutive Committee, American Standards As- 
sociation, spoke on "The ^'ethods of Suc- 
cessful Association Leadership." He 
touched on such points as Administration, 
Organization, Public Relations, and 
Leadership. Mr Coonley' s qualifications 
and activities are legion. 

The Executive Board and Advisory Counci 
Meeting was held Tuesday morning. All 
Chapter Presidents are members of the Ad- 
visory Council, For the first time, re- 
ports were made available prior to the 
meeting. This saved a great deal of time 
and allowed opportunity to discuss these 
reports and other pertinent matters. The 
19^1 Annual Convention will be held at 
St. Paul, Minnesota. Tvto bids for the 
1952 Convention Y»ere announced, one from 
the Bahamas, the other from New York City. 

Tuesday evening the Museum Group pre- 
sented tiro sound color movies: "The 
Oldest Art", part of the Franciscan 

Library of Ceramics; and "The J,kya Through 
the Ages" presented through the courtesy 
of the United Fruit Company. This v;as 
open to all S.L.A. members and many took 
advantage of the opportunity. 

Wednesday morning and afternoon were de- 
voted to the business meetings of all the 
various Groups. The University and Col- 
lege Group voted to disband. The members 
vd.ll join other Groups of their particular 

The piece de resistance was the banquet 
on Vfednesday evening. Major General 
Edvirard Rose was the banquet speaker. His 
introductory remarks vrere almost vrorth the 
price of the banquet. His hximor and good 
sense must have aided him considerably in 
his active career in business and military 
affairs. It was an occasion long to be 

The annual business meeting of the As- 
sociation was held both morning and after- 
noon on Thursday. It was voted to refer 
the controversial proposal about qualifi- 
cations for active membership to next 
year's Constitution Committee. This un- 
doubtedly saved much time and deferred 
heated arguments. However, the controver- 
sial proposal on balloting by mail for all 
changes in the Constitution was discussed 
at length. The amendment sponsored by the 
San Francisco Bay Region Chapter ^vas fi- 
nally voted down, as was the amendment 
sponsored by the Montreal Chapter. This 
gave the members an opportunity to vote on 
the compromise amendment offered by the 
Constitution Committee. After many changes 
in the wording this compromise mail ballot 
amendment was voted and passed. 

The Connecticut Valley Chapter received 
the Gavel Award for the largest percentage 
increase in membership. This Chapter, in- 
cidentally, has dravm members from the 
Boston Chapter that are employed in the 
ij Springfield area. 

On Thursday evening the Geography and 
Map Group presented "Secret Land" the 
U,S. Navy film depicting Admiral Byrd's 
Antarctic Expedition. This was open to all 
S.L.A. members and was well worth seeing, 

Friday was Philadelphia Day. The several 
Groups vtere entertained at various places 
of special interest throughout the city, 
T">venty members of the Boston Chapter at- 
tended the Convention in whole or in part, 
most of these being special librarians from 
the Boston area. 

Bradford M. Hill 
Boston Chapter 


Apparently the first SLA members to ar- 
rive at Atlantic City and the last to de- 
part were Miss Gilda Rossetti from the 
Kirstein Business Branch and I. For the 
most part we attended the meetings of 
more general interest, although Miss 
Rossetti acted as secretary pro tem at a 
Business Group cocktail meeting and at- 
tended some of their other special ses- 
sions. We went to the opening day's 
luncheon, and feel that meeting fellow- 
librarians from so many types of organi- 
zations at this time and later on during 
the convention was the best part of the 

The most informative meeting we attend- 
ed vias the one on Sources of Information, 
Mr McCoy of the Institute of Labor and 
Industrial Relations at the University of 
Chicago got down to brass tacks in naming 
specific titles, bureaus, boards, period- 
icals, etc. in the field of labor, leav- 
ing the listener v/ith the feeling that 
with very brief notice he could set up a 
not discreditable labor library. Dr 
Murphey from the National Industrial Con- 
ference Board in New York explained how 
his organization gathers its facts — 
mostly from questionnaires, annual re- 
ports of companies, rule books, and hand- 
books. The problems of obtaining foreign 
documents and how to select and obtain UN 
publications were set forth by Mrs Cabeen, 
Chief of Acquisitions at the UN Library, 
Again her suggestions were concrete and 
most helpful. 

Rising early Thursday morning to at- 
tend the Geography and Map Group Session, 
I expected to find out all about the UN's 
map problems. Ifuch to the chagrin of a 
couple of others and myself, nothing 
seemed to be happening in the Viking Room 
as scheduled. V.'hen a woman from PiTJiceton 
and I finally got up courage enough to 
knock at the door of the private break- 
fast nook where some of the group had 
eaten earlier, vre found that they had de- 
cided not to move from there. By that 
time the meeting vas nearly ended, but v/e 
did hear about the nevir UN building in 
Manhattan and about the hope of having an 
interdepartmental committee on standardi- 
zation of place names, 

Friday vras Philadelphia Day, a hot, 
sticky day with occasional torrents of 
rain. From a vade choice of places to 
which SLA members were invited, we chose 
the N, W. Ayer Co. Innocently relating 
it only to Ayer's Directory, we were 

amazed to find that it is one of the old- 
est and largest advertising companies in 
the country. Apologies were made for not 
showing us the library (J) so that we 
might hear the head of the art department 
explain the steps through which an ad- 
vertisement goes from the first glimmer of 
an idea to its final printing. In this 
case the Ayer Co, had even persuaded the 
government to set a little forest fire in 
order to get an authentic natural color 
photograph. (Yfe did hear the librarian 
explain the workings of the library, how- 
ever.) In the afternoon we visited the 
YiTharton School of Business and Finance and 
attended at tea at the University of 
Pennsylvania. At the latter v;e met an 
attractive girl who had worked in the 
American Library in London and whose desk 
now adjoins that of Miss Eleanor Devlin 
(formerly of the General Reference Depart- 
ment), and who had roamed about Europe 
last sximmer with Miss Honor McCusker 
(formerly Curator of English Literature,'- 

Iferjorie G, Bouquet 


The June second issue of the London 
Times Literary Supplement had a pleasant 
review of the spring number of The Boston 
Public Library Quarterly , It is reprinted 

The quarterly published by the trustees 
of the Boston Public Library gives a much 
greater space to general historical and 
literary papers than to bibliography as a 
technical study. It is true that the cur- 
rent number includes, in its back pages, 
some Notes on Rare Books and an instalment 
of the descriptive catalogue of the li- 
brary's collection of the letters of R. W, 
Griswold, the critic and poet; but the 
body of the magazine is filled with arti- 
cles of no less interest to readers across 
the breadth of America — or, for that 
matter, across the Atlantic — than to 
Bostonians. Among them the place of honour 
in this issue is taken by Mr Irving 
Bartlett's description of early Puritan 
attempts to convert the North American 
Indians to Christianity. It is a story 
of faithful and sympathetic labour by a 
very few men, among whom the name of John 
Eliot stands out; but the English Puritan 


emigrants in general were indifferent to 
this missionary work, and li\r Bartlett's 
record draws on to its melancholy conclu- 
sion, vdth war between the English and 
Indians, cruelties on both sides, and 
growing mistrust and persecution even of 
the Christianized Indians of the "praying 
towns." No friendly relationship between 
Puritan and Indian vras ever achieved: 
and the fault, the author concludes, was 
not wholly with either race. 

Notes to the articles are conveniently 
assembled at the end of each, and here 
Mr Bartlett is able to draw attention to 
the Boston Library's rich collection of 
works about the Indians, on which his 
study is based. The editor of the 
Quarterly , llr Zoltdn Haraszti, has a fur- 
ther instalment of his history of the 
Book of Common Prayer, in which he dis- 
cusses the Elizabethan measures against 
Dissenters and Roman Catholics. Here, 
too, the library's special resources for 
students of the subject are indicated, 
this time in parentheses inserted in the 
narrative. Two shorter articles are on 
"Johnson as Poet," by Mr J. R. Moore, and 
"Henry James's First Novel," by Mr Edward 


It vras a hundred years ago — on July 
19, 18^0 ~ that llargaret Fuller, her 
husband the Ijlarchese d'Ossoli, and their 
little son Angelo were shipwrecked on the 
coast of New Jersey, all three of them 
perishing in the sea. In commemoration 
of the event the forthcoming, July issue 
of The Boston Public Library Quarterly 
publishes a long article entitled 
"Margaret Fuller Centenary" written by 
Miss Margaret Munsterberg. 

The article is based on the Library's 
exceptionally rich Fuller collection — 
some three hundred manuscripts. Mi?s 
Munsterberg presents Margaret Fuller in 
her childhood and youth at Cambridge, as 
a teacher in the "progressive school" of 
Amos Bronson Alcott and in other schools 
at Groton and Providence, as a friend of 
Emerson, an observer of Brook Farm, a 
literary critic on Horace Greeley's Dew 
Yo'^k Tribune, and finally as a resident 
of Rome where she married the Marchese 
d'Ossoli. The article brings out J/kr^^aret 
Fuller's exceptional povrers as a pioneer 
of the woman's rights movement and as a 
fearless critic. 

Another interesting article in the issue 
is Mrs Elaine Kimmelman's "The Palace of 
Pleasure," a detailed discussion of the 
first edition of William Painter's work 
printed in London in 1$66 and 156?. A 
collection of tales translated from Latin, 
French, Spanish, and Italian sources. The 
Palace of Pleasure was one of the most 

significant books of the Elizabethan age. 
"Widely read, copied, and imitated," Mrs 
Kimmelman vnrites, "the work gave impetus 
to a host of attempts by native authors. 
But it played an especially important part 
in the development of the drama." The 
Palace of Pleasure has been placed on view 
in the Treasure Room — the center of an 
exhibit of some fifty volumes, books from 
which the work was derived and plays which 
were based upon it. 

A recent gift by Mr Albert H. IViggin to 
the Print Department is a series of seventy- 
two original drawings from an early sketch- 
book of Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec. The 
drawings, which show Lautrec's amazing 
talent even before he had any art instruc- 
tion have been described and commented 
upon by I/Ir Heintzelman. 

In the last of a series of four articles 
on the history of the English Book of 
Common Prayer, begun in the October 19h9 
issue, Mr Haraszti offers an intimate view 
of the religious conflicts of the time of 
James I, with the story of the Hampton 
Court Conference, the G\inpowder Plot, the 
persecution of priests and Puritans, and 
the emigration to Holland and America, 
The study, like the earlier instalments, 
is based upon the rich store of first 
editions in the Prince and Benton Collec- 
tions. The title of the article, "The 
'Indusraents' to Plymouth Plantation," is 
taken from the opening lines of William 
Bradford's great History — for it was 
their sufferings during James's reign that 
prompted some of the Separatists to find a 
new and better home. 

There are also shorter articles by Miss 
Ellen M. Oldham and Mrs Helen Duston. 


On Saturday evening, July 1, the members 
of the BPLPSA with their guests and friends 
enjoyed this season's closing night pro- 
gram at POPS. The weather was ideal, the 
house filled, and the program delightful. 


Included were piano solos by Leo Litwin 
and selections from "Kiss Me Kate" ; there 
were also several extras. It v;as a truly 
enjoyable evening — our only regret was 
that there v.'ero so many v^ho v/ere unable 
to be present to share in our pleasure. 


On the morning of July fourth, with 
menacing clouds hovering overhead and the 
John Hancock building forecasting rain, 
eighty-five Library employees and friends 
boarded three busses at Copley Square and 
set out on their annual excursion to 
Crane's Beach, Ipsvj'ich. 

Arriving at Crane's Beach at 11:30, the 
hoarse but happy crowd viras joined by 
those who had come in private cars. No 
time was lost in heading for the cool, 
refreshing water. Although showers 
dampened most of the material belongings 
of the group, it did not dampen their 
spirits. Games of softball and football 
were the highlights of the afternoon and 
early evening. Most of the group enjoyed 
svirimming in the rain. 

With much singing and laughter, the 
group left the beach at 8; 30 p.m. and ar- 
rived safely in Copley Square at 10 p.m. 

YJe wish to thank the Personnel Office 
and all the members of the Library staff 
who aided in making this outing a success. 

Francis P. Connell 
Open Shelf Department 


May I express a word of gratitude to 
all vfho worked for the restitution of our 

Thanks is given primarily to the Staff 
Association and to the Benefit Associa- 
tion (I am glad I am a member of both), 
and then to our "legal" representatives, 
Sidney 'Jii'einberg and Louis Polishook. 

The two extra assistants in the Teach- 
ers Department, Barbara Cotter and 
Eleanor McCarty also wish to be on record 
as saying "Thank you". 

June 22, 19^0 

(signed) Anna L. Manning 

Teachers Department 

29 June 1950 

Dear Miss Peck; 

May we in the Book Stack Service, who 
have had our salaries ivhich ^vere lost 
through theft on December 23, 19ii9, re- 
stored to us, express our thanks to every- 
one who assisted in making this possible, 
particularly B.P.L, Professional Staff 
Association; B.P.L. Benefit Association; 
Mr Weinberg and Ifr Polishook. 

We do appreciate their successful ef- 


Signed ; 

Flora A. Ennis 
Santa M. Koster 
Florence McCarthy 
Mary G. Chipman 
Rose Sanft 
Sarah K. Marshall 
Mildred T. Morrissey 
Helen R. McMahon 



The Committee on CARE is pleased to re- 
port that several letters have been re- 
ceived from the recent recipients of CARE 
packages. We thought that a few excerpts 
from these letters would speak for them- 
selves and prove to you that CARE is still 
a source of good moral courage and great 
happiness that so much generosity and 
friendship still exists. 

From Tel-Aviv 

"Only a signature but written from the 
From France 

"With all our true gratitude please ac- 
cept our thousand thanks-and-good 
thoughts from France for you, your fami- 
ly, and your country." 
From Germany 

"We thank you in this vray with all our 
hearts. We shall never forget this deed 
of yours as also that of the American 
people, how they after the crash had 
mercy on the suffering peoples. ViTe wish 
that this human help may be the best 
corner-stone for lasting peace among the 


From Italy 

"I thank you most heartily for your 
most generous gift which has come." 

From Czechoslavakia 

"We thank you very much for your very 
precious gifts and pray God He may be 
your rev^ard here and in eternity, and 
wish His rich blessing for your work," 

Sincerely yours, 

Helen L. Lambert, Chairman 
Doris N, French 
Florence K. Goodman 
Bertha Keswick 



The Boston Public Library has at least 
three things in common with the Buffalo 
Public Library. Each is the BPLj each 
publishes a BPL News ; and each has an ac- 
tive group of older people in the commun- 
ity who are carrying on interesting pro- 
grams for their enjoyment and information, 
Here it is "The Never Too Late Group", 
numbering 230 and meeting weeklyj there 
it is "The Golden Age Club", numbering 75 
and meeting bi-monthly. 



This Branch Library was the scene of 
gay festivities at a farewell party for 
members of the staff. 

Miss Catherine C. Kelly plans a Holy 
Year pilgrimage with Archbishop Gushing 
and party. They will visit the shrine of 
Our Lady of Fatima in Portugal; Rome, 
Florence, Venice in Italy; Ireland; 
France; Switzerland; Austria; and in 
Germany they will see the Passion Play at 

Miss Barbara Reney leaves the service 
to enter the novitiate in the order of 
St. Joseph at Framingham, and Mr William 
Allen, who aspires to be a missionary 
priest enters the Maryknoll Fathers' Order 
at Lakewood, New Jersey, 

We wish all these good people bon voyage 
and all happiness in the roads they fol- 

South Boston 

On June 21, the staff gave a party to 
the extras in honor of those graduating. 
Especial guest of honor was Miss Veronica 
Yotts, who received her A.B. from Boston 
University where she majored in social 
sciences. Mr Sumner Ferris vras awarded by 
Boys ' Latin School a scholarship for four 
years at Harvard University and a second 
for $300.00. Miss Caroline McEwan won 
from South Boston High School a scholar- 
ship to Teacher's College and an English 

South End 

The summer reading club is progressing 
nicely at the South End Branch Library, 
On one of the tables in the Children's 
room is a display featuring "The Open 
Gate," which is a real little gate painted 
blue in best Pennsylvania Dutch tradition 
set in the middle of a ivhite picket fence. 
Inside the fence is a nice garden scene, 
which includes a thatched-roof cottage, a 
pond, and a live maple tree with a swing 
hanging from the branches. Paper dolls 
representing the boys and girls of the 
club stand within "The Open Gate." This 
display was created by Ifrs Anna Lou Shanor, 
assistant in the Children's room, mth the 
help of her husband. 

West End 

The staff has been very busy during the 
month of June assembling deposits and 
special collections of books from its ex- 
tensive and -vriLdely-knov/n Judaica Collec- 
tion for use in many summer study groups 
and camps. If ever proof was needed as to 
its value, these annual floods of requests 
for Judaica provide it beyond a shadow of 
a doubt. 

The staff of the Children's Room has 
been playing host to the various neighbor- 
hood settlement houses and day camps this 
summer. The Salvation Army Day Camp chil- 
dren are regular weekly visitors, who come 
to look at the attractive new book jackets, 
see the new picture books, and — most 
important of all — to listen v,lde-eyed to 
the stories told by the Children's Librar- 
ian and other members of the staff,- 


departtjent notes 


It has been interesting to note that 
the following persons have recently used 
this department for research: 

Professor lA'alter L, Fertig, Wabash Col- 
lege, researching on J. S. Dwight. 

Professor Clamona Beard, Florida State 
University, researching on the Organ. 

Mr Frank Hubbard, research on manufac- 
ture of harpsichords. 

Professor Ilax Peterson, M. I. T., re- 
search on Bach's viola Concertos. 

Mr Josef Zirabler, Boston Symphony Or- 
chestra, research on German Lieder and 
their interpretation. 

lAr Lucas Foss, research on Mozart pianO' 
forte Concertos. 

Mr Andre Char don. Conductor, Florida 
Symphony Orchestra. 

Open Shelf 

On Vfednesday, July 12, the members of 
the Open Shelf Department entertained 
Miss Louisa Metcalf at luncheon at the 
Pioneer in honor of her recent appoint- 
ment as Reader's Adviser. 



Any contribution to the Soap Box must 
be accompanied by the full name of the 
Association member submitting it, to- 
gether with the name of the Branch Li- 
brary, Department, or Office in which he 
or she is employed. The name is iidthheld 
from publication, or a pen name used, if 
the contributor so requests. Anonymous 
contributions are not given consideration, 
The author of the article is known only 
to the contributor and to the Editor-in- 
Chief. The contents of articles appear- 
ing in the Soap Box are personal opinions 
expressed by individual Association mem- 
bers and their appearance does not neces- 
sarily indicate that the Publications 
Committee and the Association are in 
agreement with the views expressed. 

To the Editor: 

The employees of the Boston Public Li- 
brary are hxman and possess, beneath 
their coldly professional facades, certain 
human feelings. The desire to advance in 

one's calling, the urge to attain a better 
paying position, the dislike of being kept 
in doubt as to one's future are so common 
as to be termed universal emotions. The 
suspense of awaiting a decision that so 
directly affects an individual as a promo- 
tion in his work is, in the ordinary course 
of events, disturbing enough without hav- 
ing added to it the "alarums and excur- 
sions" of the past year. 

Consequently, the failure of the Admin- 
istration to make the announcements of 
promotions on June 20th as scheduled in a 
notice from the Director to members of the 
staff dated 19 May 19^0 cannot help but do 
irreparable harm to staff morale. Granted 
that the notice read, "probably on or be- 
fore June 20th", the facts are that a def- 
inite date was mentioned and it was inti- 
mated that there was a fair chance that 
announcements vrould be made prior to June 
20th, It is also a matter of record that 
the vacancies to positions referred to in 
the abovementioned notice of 19 May 19^0 
were originally announced as of 1 July 
19ti9I And in a notice dated 1 December 
19U9 the Director announced that appoint- 
ments would be made effective as early as 
possible in 1950. 

We admit that appointments to titular 
positions require grave consideration, 
time-consioming conferences, and innumerable 
interviews. Nonetheless, it would seem 
reasonable to expect that after almost a 
year of considering, contemplating, inter- 
viewing, and conferring, a date could have 
been set and met. There was no compulsion 
on the part of the Administration to set a 
date for announcing appointments. After 
almost a year of deliberation, there was 
no necessity for specifying any date if it 
were not sure that the deadline could be 
met. The setting of a date, although ad- 
mittedly tentative, was a voluntary act on 
the part of the Administration. Having 
set the date, it was an act bordering on 
mental cruelty to let it pass with no word 

Can it be that an administration that 
has paid so much lip service to the im- 
portance of personnel problems and rela- 
tionships is totally unaware of the terri- 
bly damaging effect such a course of action 
must have on the morale of the staff? We 
estimate that approximately seventy-five 
interviews were given in connection with 
the announced vacancies that were to be 
filled. That means that approximately 


=njventy-five people were expecting, and 
had every reason to expect, that their 
doubts and uncertainties would be re- 
solved on or before June 20, 1950, 

Seventy-five individuals comprise a 
sizable segment of the library staff. It 
is hardly to be expected that their ef- 
ficiency and capacity for work improved 
as their tension mounted. It is also 
questionable whether those of them who 
meet the public were inclined to be sweet- 
er and more charming as their anxiety in- 
creased. It is highly probably that a 
not inconsiderable amount of time was 
spent in whispered speculations as that 
long awaited June 20th wore on and no an- 
nouncements arrived. 

June 26, 1950 


My belated congratulations to the Ad- 
ministration, As a ten o'clock scholar, 
who has lost many a diller and dollar be- 
cause of his dilatory habits, I am happy 
to find myself in such excellent company. 
Here it is a full year after the original 
announcements of vacancies to titular 
positions and to date (June 28, 1950) no 
announcements of the filling of those 
vacancies have been forthcoming. 

Personally, I admire the independence 
of spirit which engenders such delay. 
Why be a slave to an alai-m clock — or a 
calendar? Let carping critics, full of 
splenetic worship of punctilio say what 
they will, there is a grand sense of 
freedom in being able to ignore a dead- 
line. After all, are deadlines made for 
men or men for deadlines? 

Of course, it is only human, too, to 
enjoy the jolly good humor of the situa- 
tion; the discomfort v\/hich o\ir conduct 
causes others. For instance, have you 
ever noticed how purple in the face and 
foaming around the chops the boss gets 
when you stroll casually in tvrenty minutes 
late and she has been running the depart- 
ment single-handed since nine o'clock 
(besides the humor of this, there is a 
very practical side to the policy of being 
late since it might eventually cause the 
boss to be carried off by a stroke thereby 
creating another vacancy to a titular 
position which, we feel, we are yet young 
enough to see filled). Yfell, the chief's 
vivid purple hue is as nothing compared 

to the apopletic look of the people who 
have been standing around waiting to find 
out if they've been promoted. Land sakes - 
more fun! J 

To be sure, there are very good reasons 
for such tardiness. There are always good 
reasons for being tardy. I, myself, ' 
wouldn't think of being tardy vdthout a 
good reason. I always carry a few spare 
good reasons in my poke just in case I 
should be tardy. For example: 

The baby fell out of the deep-freezer. 

The cat climbed out on a limb and I had 

to take her down. 

I was hit by a truck. 

My rich uncle died and left me some 

money and I was up all night figuring 

what to do with it. 
You see, it's easy to find good reasons. 

This thing is bigger than any of us. 
We are perhaps in on the birth of a great 
revolutionary movement in management — a 
National Procrastination Movement. Let's 
all join in. Let's have more delays in 
getting books. Less of this coming in to 
work on the dot. And above all, let's not 
get those announcements out on time. 


The old saying "Rob Peter to pay Paul" 
now has been changed to "Rob Peter to 
please Paul" by the forty percent cut in 
branch book quotas. Who doesn't like a 
new, clean library book whether he is a 
patron of Open Shelf Department or his 
neighborhood branch library? Vlhy put 
$20,000 worth of books into Open Shelf 
Department just because it is moving to 
new quarters? Circulation will increase 
any way, in fact, it is increasing stead- 
ily in its cramped, inadequate rooms. 
There is money for salary increases, nev; 
positions, a new branch library, and a 
Bookmobile but branch book funds are cut 
forty percent. Books are our stock in 
trade, our tools, our raison d'etre. 
Without books we perish. Dirty, shabby, 
odoriferous, faded books are not the 
answer to the patron's prayer "Give me a 
good book, please". 

To the Soap Box Editor: 

The recent cut in quotas for the purchase 
of books in all units of the Division of 


Home Reading and Conmiunity Services with 
the exception of the Branch Issue Denart- 
ment, in order to expend tv;enty thousand 
dollars for books for the new Open Shelf 
Department, is most unfortunate. 

The decision of the Trustees to devote 
such a large sum of money for the purchase 
of books for the exclusive use of one 
department sets a dangerous precedent. It 
sacrifices thirty-two units serving all 
parts of the city for the benefit of one 
unit v^hich can serve only a limited number 
of people even though it is located in the 
Central Library, Actually a very small 
per cent of borrowers using Branch Librar- 
ies (with the exception of the Branch Li- 
braries in town) ever have occasion to 
avail themselves of the facilities at the 
Central Library by going there personally, 

IVhereas this step may have merit as a 
demonstration (by focusing on one depart- 
ment) of what can be accomplished when a 
department has books in sufficient quanti- 
ties, it is a matter of opinion if this is 
offset by the unfavorable public relations 
incurred in all other parts of the city 
where it will be impossible to meet either 
the demands for current titles or to re- 
place needed material. It has been shovm 
that circulation increases in accordance 
with the supply of desirable books — on 
this point there is no doubt. Yet the 
Branch Libraries on the present quotas can- 
not have sufficient books to satisfy the 
most casual borrowers, not to mention the 
regular patrons #10 are steady readers. 
The Branch Issue Department collection is 
a tremendous help but it does not take the 
place of adequate book stock in a Branch 
Library. It is to be sincerely hoped that 
such a procedure will never be resorted to 
again since it weakens the possibility of 
service to a drastic extent for so many 
borrowers and over such a wide area, re- 
gardless of the location of the unit 
chosen for demonstration, 



Save the libraries . Norman Cousins. Sat- 
urday Reviei; of Literature, July 1, 19^0^ 
pp. 22-2U, 
An editorial adapted from an address de- 
livered by the editor of the Saturday 
Revievj of Literature at the recent dedi- 
cation of the Charles Hayden Memorial 

Library of the Massachusetts Institute 
of Technology. The author calls upon 
the American university to play its role 
in a ^ar-reaching mobilization of the 
moral, intellectual and physical re- 
sources of our democratic society to 
meet the problems of inadequate public 
library support, and the vastly increased 
need for a new concept of adult educa- 
Choosing "Notable Books" poses serious 
problem , Terese Flaherty, Chief, Book 
Selection Department, Detroit Public Li- 
brary, Library Journal , July 1$, 1950 > 

pp, 1076, ioth^; 

Pertinent criticism of the A. L. A, 's 
present system established for the an- 
nual compilation of "Notable books". 
Mrs Flaherty questions whether the se- 
lection has become a matter of logistics, 
and compares it to the quartermaster 
corps "which has to get a load on the 
firing line without being sure what 
should make up the load or where to find 
the firing line." She cites the ex- 
perience of the Detroit Public Library 
committee, which v;as invited to partici- 
pate in the 19U9 selection, to support 
her plea for more clearly defined and 
better standards of selection, and for 
re-timing the selection period, if these 
lists are really to further the educa- 
tional purpose of the library rather 
than accelerate the reading of books 
which are well publicized by commercial 
interests. This discussion is of spe- 
cial interest because of the fact that 
it reflects in part opinions also ex- 
pressed by some of the members of the 
B. P. L. committees which participated 
in the 19i|8 and 19li9 selections, 

L. S. M, 






Published by the Boston Public Library Professional Staff Association 
Volume V, Number 8 August 19^0 

Publications Committee: 

Mildred R. Adelson, Johm M. Carroll, Eleanor DiGiannantonio, 
M. Dorothy Brackett Ekstrom, Sarah M, Usher, Chairman 

Publication date ; 

The fifteenth of each month 

Deadline for submitting material ; 
The tenth of each month 


In July "The Question Mark" did not ap- 
pear on the fifteenth; for this we offer 
apologies and our assurance that the delay 
was unavoidable. 

Delighted that inquiries were received 
concerning its non-appearance, we confi- 
dently concluded that the paper had a- 
chieved a certain degree of importance and 
was read from cover to cover, Alas.' That 
was just the "pride that goeth before a 
fall". As we prepare the August issue, we 
wonder if the July issue vras read at all. 
Then we humorously conclude (and we've 
suspected this all alongl) that "The 
Question Mark" is not read in the usual, 
systematic order — from first to last 
page; but, rather, in reverse ~ from 
Soap Box to Editor's Corner , And in this 
particular instance, we suspect that many 
people stopped somev/here in betvveen. V/hy? 
Because, on page one, vre invited discus- 
sion of book circulation vs. the media 
which are giving it stiff competition, and 
there have been no responses. There, also, 
vte extended an invitation to all vv'ho at- 
tended the ALA Conference to share with 
those '.-jho did not go the highlights of the 
week. Sixteen persons attended; six 
have sent in contributions, 

liany conclusions could be reached. The 
season of the year bids us be charitable 
and charge the seeming ].ack of interest in 
circulation and ALA to an even greater in- 
terest in that all-absorbing phenomenon — 
the summer vacation. That is, after all, 
only h\iman. 

Vacations are given to afford an oppor- 
tunity for rest, relaxation, travel, and, 
above all, change, so that the year ahead 
may be faced with a fresh perspective and 
vdth new courage. Therefore, we offer 
what v/e consider to be a most appropriate 
editorial thought for this time of year: 
Since good health is a decidedly important 
factor on anyone's rating sheet, keep it 

at its best by enjoying every minute of 
every vacation, no matter when you take it 
or where you spend it. 



NeTf Staff Members 

Miss Ruth V, Marshall, Teachers » Depart- 
ment. Ivliss Marshall formerly worked on a 
part-time basis in the Information Office, 

Miss Elizabeth A. Sarjeant, Book Stack 
Service, Miss Sarjeant formerly worked on 
a part-time basis in the Branch Issue De- 

Miss Helen M. Mitchell, East Boston 
Branch Library. 

Miss Virginia Lyons, Kirstein Business 

Miss Margaret R. Bowers, Dorchester 
Branch Library. 


Miss Joan Donlon, Personnel Office to 
Director's Office. 

Miss Jean E. Watson, Director's Office 
to Business Office. 

Miss Claire C. Spellman, Book Stack 
Service to Cataloging and Classification 
Department, Division of Reference and Re- 
search Services, 


Miss Gloria Oxman, Book Stack Service, 
to Mr Arthur B. Becker of Norwich, Connec- 
ticut. Jir Becker is a student at Boston 


Miss Alice E. Bulman, Connolly Branch 
Library, was married on August 6, 1950 to 
Mr Daniel J. Galvin. 



iJlrs Grace P. Von Euw, Book Stack Service, 
to remain at home. 

Mr Walter H. Thorpe, Shipping Department, 
to accept another position. 

Military Service 

Mr Laivrence R. Bus hey. Fine Arts Depart- 
ment, entered the U. S. Navy. 


Announcement has been made of the birth 
of a daughter, Pamela Ann, to Mr and Mrs 
Francis W. Fichter, on July 21, 1950. Mr 
Fichter is a member of the staff of the 
Cataloging and Classification Department, 
Division of Home Reading and Community 


Mr and llirs Theodore Von Euw are the 
proud parents of a son, Theodore Jr., born 
on July 1. Mrs Grace Von Euw formerly 
worked in the Book Stack Service; ISr 
Von Euw is a former member of the Book 
Preparation Department. 

Mr Michael J. Doyle, a carpenter in the 
Buildings Department from. 1937 until his 
transfer to the City of Boston Transit 
Department in 19hl , passed away July 21, 


On Tuesday July 13, the staff of Jeffries 
Point Branch Library entertained Miss 
Margaret Crosby, part-time assistant, at a 
surprise luncheon. A popular member of 
the staff for almost tvro years. Miss 
Crosby entered the convent on August 1, 
joining the order of the Sisters of Notre 
Dame, A gift of money was presented to 
her by her co-Yrorkers, v^ho msh her great 
happiness in her nevf life. 


On Wednesday, July 19, Virs Pauline Vinci 
gave a shower in the Women's Loionge for 
Miss Patricia Morley, a member of the of- 
fice staff of the Division of Home Reading 
and Community Services, The shower was 
attended by many of Miss Morley 's library 
friends, including Mrs Llary Hart Canavan 
and Pliss Marie McKenney, former members of 
the Circulation Division Office. The 
bride-to-be received beautiful and usefiil 
gifts for her new home. 


Miss Claire V. Sanderson \vas the guest 
of honor at a dinner party given by the 
staff of the Kirstein Business Branch at 
Patten's on July 31j 1950. Miss Sanderson 
is to marry Mr Donald F. Grushey on Septem- 
ber 9} 1950 at St. Augustine's Church in 
South Boston, The staff presented the 
future bride with Revere Ware. Miss 
Winifred F. Root wrote a most delightful 
poem for the occasion, and Miss Elaine D, 
Parsons baked a cake which was really a 
work of art. Bridal decorations were de- 
signed by Miss Sona Seraerjian, 


Kiss Christine Hayes, Chief of Book 
Selection for Reference and Research Serv- 
ices, as she recuperates at 1? West 
Central Street, Natick, Massachusetts, 
after her recent operation. 

Miss Patricia Wilson, Assistant, Sub- 
Professional Library Service, Allston 
Branch Library, who is recovering at home 
from an accident which took place on July 
31. Miss Vfilson fell off the platform at 
Columbia Station when she was overcome by 
the heat. She narrowly escaped electrocu- 
tion vihen her foot came into contact mth 
the third rail. Her foot was badly burned. 


Mr Bradford M. Hill has been reappointed 
Editor of SORT, the bulletin of the Staff 
Organizations Round Table for 1950-51 • 



The Lake District 
July 26, 1950 

I wish that I were able to do justice to 
this beautiful place with the sane liter- 
ary facility used by those who walked 
these paths in decades past, Alas, I can 
only use plain undiluted English strongly 
tinged with American. However, I don't 
feel too badly about it for I doubt if any- 
one could adequately describe this beauti- 
ful countryside. At the moment we are a- 
waiting tea in a charming little garden on 
the shores of Lake ITindermere. Our hotel 
is directly across the lake. Vfe came here 
on the penny-ferry, car and all, and shall 
return by the same expensive route. This 
morning we took a trip up the Lake by 
motor launch. The hills, tier upon tier, 
rise directly from the Lake shore. Here 
and there are dotted private homes, sever- 
al large hotels, and even one castle for 
good measure. The sky is a vivid blue 
dotted with fleecy white clouds, large and 
small. I wish I could tell you about the 
trip across the Atlantic. I, vrho have an 
aversion for boats, even I enjoyed every 
minute, "I^ day" in London surpasses any- 
thing Mrs Roosevelt ever experienced in 
any one of her "days". I doubt if she 
ever walked miles and miles through the 
London streets, rode the water bus, talked 
to innumerable Bobbies (all of them very 
polite and helpful) , took trams here and 
there, "did" the Tower, St. Paul's, 
Westminster, St. Margaret's, Mme, 
Tussand's, had tea in Marylebone High, and 
dinner in Picadilly — all in one short 
day. Miss L'organ and I did just that, and 
came out so well versed in London ways 
that several people asked us to direct 
them to certain places and we could do it J 
Space forbids that I go into any detail 
about Oxford, Stratford-on-Avon (saw 
Henry VIII, at the Shakespeare there), 
this beautiful Lake District, and the 
country in between points. The tiny vil- 
lages in the Cotswolds, the rolling hills 
and the stone-vfalled fields of the Mid- 
lands which utterly belie my concept of an 
industrial Midlands, all are beyond my 
feeble pov;ers of description. Our "tea" 
just came — butter scones, tiny cress 
sandwiches, tea, and "sweets", served on a 
lavm (I mean on a table on a la"vvn) with a 

garden at our back, a tiny cottage at our 
right, and the vraves of Lake Windermere 
lapping the shore about twenty-five feet 
from our table 1 What more could one ask J 
It is well that we do not go to Scotland 
until tomorro^v for if I had more to tell 
you about I could never air-mail this let- 

Many thanks to all those v;ho sent gifts, 
letters, telegrams, and cards to help 
speed me on my way, 

Edna G. Peck 



The Ju].y issue of The Library Quarterly 
has a review of the first two numbers of 
The B.P.L. Quarterly by Mr Deoch Fulton, 
Editor of Publications at the New York 
Public Library, We reprint it here: 

Green felt bags are not so common in 
Boston as they vrere some years ago, but 
probably the well-worn leather of today 
contains the same elements for bodily and 
mental health — rubbers, sandwiches, 
books, and papers. 

In 1867 the Boston Public Library began 
the publication of a Bulletin and, with 
varying titles and periods of publication, 
continued to do so through 19h8. More 
Books , sixth and last of the series, was 
published monthly from 1926 through Decem- 
ber, I9U8, The green-felt Bulletin , as 
title or sub-title, has disappeared, but 
the contents of the new bag, except for 
some parochial matters, are substantially 
the same. 

For twenty- three years, under the cax'e 
of Dr. Zoltan Haras zti, keeper of rare 
books and editor of publications of the 
Boston Public Library, More Books bril- 
liantly reflected the constructive and 
imaginative scholarship which has charac- 
terized the development of the library's 
collections. It did not lay out neatly 
catalogued rows of bibliographical bones 
but sought rather to give life to the 
skeleton. It was good reading, appreciated 
by the scholar and interesting to the lay- 

The Quarterly promises to uphold the 


tradition of excellence established by 
More Books . The library's announcement of 
the neviT publication and the contents of 
the first two issues give assurance that 
the range of subject will be as wide and 
the treatment as unhackneyed as before. 
Dr. Haraszti continues as both editor and 
contributor. Arthvir W. Heintzelman, keep- 
er of prints, Miss Margaret Munsterberg, 
and other members of the library staff 
whose articles and notes were pleasant 
features of More Books will also contrib- 
ute to the Quarterly . There will be arti- 
cles by scholars not on the library staff. 

The contents of the first issue are pre- 
sumably typical of those to follo^v. They 
include: "John Adams and Turgot," by 
Zoltan Haraszti; "Pantaloon as Shylock," 
by John Robert Moore; "Thomas Sergeant 
Perry and Kenry James," by Virginia Harlow; 
"The Correspondence of R. ¥. Griswold"; 
"The Lithographs of Fantin-Latour," by 
Arthur !¥. Heintzelman; and five "Notes on 
Rare Books." 

Although the purpose of the Quarterly 
will be primarily to conduct bibliograph- 
ical tours through the resources of the 
library, Boston's collections are so var- 
ied and its editorial guides so deft that 
each trip vri.ll be fresh and delightful. 
John Yifinterich named More Book s one of the 
two best bibliographical bargains in 
Arp.erica, and, even at the increased price, 
thcit would still seem to be true of the 
Q-.>a"- i.erly . 

Paaders of More Books will miss the 
bhoughtful selection and good reviewing of 
■'Tan Books" each month. The lists of ac- 
cessions and gifts and the "Library Notes" 
were often helpful to other institutions, 
but these were chiefly of local or profes- 
sional interest. The cosmopolitan charac- 
ter of the library's publishing stands out 
more clearly without them. 

The Quarterly is sewed, with a square 
back and a light-blue paper wrapper 
printed in black that has no ornament than 
the seal of the library. The smaller 
size — 23i- X 1^^ cm. — is more conven- 
ient to handle than More Books , and the 
good paper is a pleasant change... 

Boston does not change everything all of 
a sudden. Typographically, the Quarterly 

is reminiscent of Boston's hats. Someone 
once asked: "V/here do the Boston ladies 
buy their hats?" — "Buy our hats? We 
have our hats." And very sensible, too. 

Mr Fulton is a New Yorker — no doubt 
about that. YiTe extend to him 
our Boston cordiality, the lady members of 
the staff promising him a fashion show of 
their entirely new hats. 

Z. H. 



Autumn is coming, and it 
the ominous shadov: of another vrar to an 
apprehensive and war-weary world. Once 
again, hunger, pain, and desolation faces 
those who have not yet forgotten the last 
war. Fearful and waiting, all eyes are 
turned to us. We must not fail them. If 
we do, democracy, freedom, and peace will 
only be meaningless words. Our small part 
in this is to keep on sending CARE pack- 
ages. They are our tokens of goodwill and 
reassurance that vre are standing by and 
that Vie will be there when most neededo 

Special Committee on CARE 


It seems rather strange to be writing 
from my usual desk in the Print Department, 
but here I am back again. I have done so 
much since my last letter which I see Tias 
dated April 15 that I vv'-onder what would be 
of most interest. 

In May I went to Holland to absorb a bit 
of Rembrandt; paintings, etchings, and 
dravrings. I stayed at The Hague v/ith 
Honor McCusker, v;ho is now back in the 
States. It vras a wonderful change to be 
met at the train by a familiar friend, and 
to have a pleasant place to go instead of 
the usual hotel accornmoditions. Even in 
May it was very comfortable to sit around 
a small fire while we caught up on all the 
Library affairs of the past few years and 
talked about all manner of things. All of 
the major cities are within easy distance 
of The Hague so I was able to make side 
trips to Rotterdam and Amsterdam. 


Rotterdam was rather a shock — it was my 
first real visit to a city destroyed dur- 
ing the war. It is only by seeing these 
bomb-damaged places that even a small 
sense of the horror that it nust have been 
can be realized. Fortunately the Museum 
Boymans escaped damage and I v.ras able to 
see some of their marvelous drawings, as 
well as an exhibition of superb etchings 
by Rembrandt from the De Bruijn Collection. 
These impressions are considered among the 
finest in the vrorld. Seeing them is like 
a revelation. The climax, of course, vras 
the Rijl<smuseum in Amsterdam where I saw 
the celebrated "Night Watch" which has 
been beautifully cleaned and just glows 
with richness and color. The Director of 
the Print Room, Mr Van Rechtigen Altena, 
showed me some of the most important 
Rembrandt drawings, and personally took me 
through Rembrandt's house in Amsterdam, 
where there is also a fine collection of 
his prints. "Vhile in Amsterdam I had the 
opportunity to m-eed Dr Bierens de Haan, an 
authority and collector of prints, and in 
The Hague to see a part of the collection 
of Dr Fritz Lugt. It was quite an ex- 
hausting week, but unfortunately had to be 
a short one because of committments in 

Another event v>rhich comes to mind rras 
the "Grande Nuit de Paris", which took 
place on the first of July. I'm inclined 
to think it was something in the nature of 
a dress rehearsal for Bastille Day, which 
takes place on the fourteenth. There were 
supposed to be firevrorks virhich had taken 
two years to develop and 7/hich were to be 
shot from the several floors of the Tour 
Eiffel. A great pageant was planned to 
take place on a floating stage on the 
Seine in front of the Palais de Chaillot 
(Trocadero). Tickets were rather hard to 
get and the majority of people were just 
milling about in the streets hoping to see 
something that way. My friends and I were 
among the crowd, but we found very good 
"front row" seats on the curbstone on the 
Pont de la Concorde, where we had a very 
good view of the Tour Eiffel. The crovid 
grew thicker and thicker and the hour later 
and later. Finally at midnight instead of 
11 p.m. the fireworks began, after much 
blinking of lights on the Tour. The fire- 
works lasted all of one half an hour and 
we kept saying among ourselves that the 
best ones would be coming soon — but 
nothing more came. The follovang day we 

heard that there had been mechanical dif- 
ficulties with the floating stage and not 
much had happened for the ticket holders 
either. It was, hovrever, a gala night, 
vdth all Paris illuminated and her foun- 
tains going. The Tour Eiffel vras illumi- 
nated for the first time in over ten years, 
and all of the other important monuments 
were brilliant with light. I have never 
seen anything quite as beautiful as the 
Place de la Concorde, viith floodlights on 
all the buildings and on the fountains — 
it is the Paris one dreams of. Another 
particularly impressive scene is from the 
small Arc de Triomphe (near the Louvre) 
looking doivn through the Tuilleries, across 
the Place de la Concorde to the Arc de 
Triomphe (at the Etoile). The illuminated 
Obelisk at the Place de la Concorde and 
the lights on the lintel of the Arc de 
Triomphe form a cross when seen from such 
a distance. Unfortunately Paris lights up 
and uses water for fountains only on 
special occasions. 

Muriel C. Figenbaum 



American Association of 
School Libraries 

Three days of pre-conference sessions 
brought together workers with children and 
yoxing people from all sections of the 
country. They gathered in the ballroom of 
the Hollenden Hotel in Cleveland, vfhere 
materials and exhibits were assembled for 
the I'iaterials Work Conference; Grov/ing in 
Democracy , Displays were effectively ar- 
ranged from materials gathered and sent in 
by local librarians. They served to bring 
out the point that we frequently overlook 
materials close at hand. Since books are 
our most important tools, excellent book- 
lists vrere provided for the various sec- 
tions of the pre-conference. These vrere 
prepared and distributed by the A.A.S.L. 
and it is interesting to note that the 
majority of the titles listed were pub- 
lished within the past five years. 

Not all the speakers saw library service 
from the same point of view but there vras 
evident a certain pattern in most of the 
talks. The important factors applied 
equally well to work with adults as to 


work rrith young people. To summarize: 

The dominant theme v/as the duty to help 
our constituents to develop the ability to 
live happily, usefully, and intelligently 
with themselves in school, community, 
nation, and world. They felt there was a 
process of growth towards maturity and the 
good life, and that librarians must aid in 
this growth. It was emphasized that while 
gro^Tth was unified, there were wide varia- 
tions in rate of growth and range of ad- 
justment. Consequently librarians must 
understand individual differences if they 
would help others to sui-vive in the en- 
vironment of the world today. 

All the speakers spoke optimistically of 
the chances for the survival of our civil- 
ization, but indicated tliat survival de- 
pended on present preparation for the fu- 
ture. The speakers were \xnanimous in 
feeling that responsibility for the future 
of the vrorld rests with the peoples of the 
United States; that here are developing 
the forces and factors v/hich are shaping 
the world and society for tomorrovir. 

The youth of today must be educated to 
know and recognize problems facing them 
and they must be equipped to carry on. 
Curriculums must be developed to meet the 
needs, interests, and problems of our 
young people, who mrist be taught to think. 
In the matter of growth, thinking is an 
essential part. All agreed that this 
thinking must be functional and that 
growth in culture was net possible without 
nurture, the nurture of books «. Most of 
the speakers felt that there were no non- 
readers (except for a fev; clinical cases) 
and that books and reading were not going 
out of style; and that a v.ade selection of 
books and materials in all areas of know- 
ledge should be made available to all 
readers, liaterials should be of all tj-pes! 
books, pictures, pamphlets, text books, 
periodicals, etc., and should be related 
to the needs of the user. Quick accessi- 
bility is an essential element in arrang- 
ing material. There are many resources we 
leave untapped. Ilaterials may be gathered 
from both adults and yoiong people in our 
communities, teachers, local and national 
industries, state and federal governments. 
New approaches and nev; bibliographical 
materials may be required. Librarians 
must find a way to free themselves from 
old stereotypes and find time to experi- 
ment if they would hold their own. 

This is the challenge to libraries and 
librarians that they make of their li- 
braries a strategic center which promotes 
understanding, for vfhat we make available 
determines the reading and social atti- 
tudes of the future. It should be the li- 
brarian's aim to stimulate the interests 
of patrons and to help develop a thinking 
citizenry. If we could help give the 
world one Pasteur, or Einstein, or Conant 
of the future, our work would be well done. 

Ruth M. Hayes 

Division of Libraries for 
Children and Young People 

This year marked the fiftieth anniver- 
sary of the Children's Library Association 
of the ALA. The annual Nev;bery-Caldecott 
Dinner on Tuesday, July 18, vras climaxed 
by a procession oi? candled cakes carried 
through the darkened room. As a keepsake 
of this memorable occasion, Crovrell Rib-- 
lishers gave each guest a copy of Elinor 
Parker's beautiful "Birthday Garland" > A 
General Session Thursday morning also 
honored CLA's mid-century mark. Louise 
Seaman Bechtel, book review editor of the 
New York Herald Tribune , spoke on "Looking 
forward and backv»'ard in children's read- 

The Division opened its week's sessions 
with a joint meeting with the Library Ex- 
tension Division, County and Regional Li- 
braries, A panel discussion evaluated 
Bookm.obile service to schools as it sup- 
plements school libraries » In cases where 
Bookmobile service is designed to supple- 
ment curriculum reading in the schools, 
the general opinion was that schools 
should pay for such service- 

On Monday afternoon the three-part pro- 
gram of the Association of Young People's 
Librarians began ivith a lively panel on 
"Hovf can the librarian of a small library 
which has no Young People's Department 
best serve the teen-age reader?" Nooks, 
special shelves, and book reviews by the 
young people themselves all play a vital 
part, but of major importance is the need 
for staff cooperation in serving these 
teen-agers, A librarian specially trained 
in work with Young People cannot bring 
about desired results alone; all personnel 
regardless of rating levels should help 
promote the teen-ager's reading habits, A 
dissenting voice to the segregation of 


young people was Martha Grey, Public Li- 
brary, Troy, Ohio, where the Young People's 
Room is a thing of the past. Teen-agers 
felt a separate room was a means of re- 
stricting them from the regular adult sec- 
tion; now adult cards are issued to chil- 
dren upon finishing eighth grade. This 
new trend in this library has created a 
better attitude toward the library on the 
part of the teen-agers themselves. 

The new Holladay Memorial Library for 
Young People, Indianapolis, was brought to 
life for us in an enthusiastic report by 
Dorothy Lav/son, Librarian. This library, 
designed for recreation rather than refer- 
ence, is replete vri. th club rooms, fire- 
place, and coke machine. Its activities 
range from serious Great Books discussion 
groups and author talks to square dancing 
and musical productions. "Library and 
Radio Programming for Teen-agers" as prac- 
ticed by Carnegie Library was the last 
talk on this most enjoyable program. 

At a Tuesday lijincheon, J. Donald Adams 
emphatically claimed that the adolescence 
period is too prolonged in this country, 
and there should be no intermediary stage 
between books for young people and adults. 
Young minds should be exposed to great 
minds which have expressed truth force- 
fully. Biography should not be rehashed 
for teen-agers if they can be induced to 
read adult versions. 

In addition to the longer program meet- 
ings, the AYPL held one-hour provocative 
discussions on specific books for young 
people every morning at 8:30, 

The Division held its General Session 
Thursday afternoon. The theme, "Good 
books for ALL children and youth", was 
presented by two speakers. Ruth Gagliardo 
of Kansas spoke on existing needs for 
books and libraries in the U. S. Mrs. 
Ethel Gilbert of UNESCO gave a moving plea 
for aid to and promotion of UNESCO's pur- 
poses in rebuilding minds and souls. She 
was by far one of the most dynamic and 
compelling speakers at the Convention, 

Children's editors of the Children's 
Book Council were honored at a luncheon 
follovred by a discussion on "the needs and 
trends in children's books" with Frances 
Clarke Sayers as moderator. It was agreed 
that more emphasis is needed on child play 
and less on word lists and grade levels. 
Also discussed were the relative values of 
book reviews written by cliildren as a basis 
for book selection. 

At the last session of CLA, May Hill 
Arbuthnot of Western Reserve spoke on 
"Children's reading in today's world and 
one to grow on.." She stressed that books 
must give the child a zest and a reverence 
for life, especially since children in 
this generation are growing up in an un- 
happy and insecure vrorld, 

Mrs Iphigenia K, Fillios 

Public Relations Workshop 

The Public Relations Pre-Conference 
Workshop, held July l6, 1950, was lively 
and interesting, hot and crowded, and 
those who attended "got their money's 
worth", as the ALA Public Relations Com- 
mittee guaranteed. 

Mr Harold Hamill, the Chairman, spoke 
briefly about the demonstrators who were 
to talk and set up a fevf displays, and 
about the demonstrations covering the 
walls, v;hich had been sent to Cleveland by 
various Librarians. He then turned the 
meeting over to the well-known Kate Coplan 
of the Enoch Pratt Library in Baltimore o 

Miss Coplan had had many display units 
and accessories shipped to the Cleveland 
Library, In her introductory remarks she 
told of being given the assignment of keep- 
ing the then new Library windovis the talk 
of Baltimore, and the Library world, at 
which point she said that she had not been 
sure whether she had acquired a fine new 
job, or had lost an excellent old one. 
She then proceeded to give some sound ad- 
vice about display work. She dwelt on the 
facts that Librarians must be ever display 
conscious, and that the persons doing the 
work must have intelligence, imagination, 
and resourcefulness without belonging to 
the S H Society ("Hell, how he hates him- 
self"). Miss Coplan suggested that where 
there were not good display units, or not 
enough space in a library, the Librarian 
might borrow vacant store windows in the 
business district and in the residential 
area of her city. She stated that she and 
an elderly assistant did this even though 
they actually had to wash the store ■'.'win- 
dows and the v/indow platform. Miss 
Coplan 's staff borrovrs material freely 
from stores, manufacturers, and individu- 
als whenever possible. She suggested: 
Use old items as \vell as newj use color; 
have infinite patience in mounting ex- 
hibits; listen to other Librarians; and 


exhibit anything that will tie up with the 
Library's books, periodicals, and pictures. 
Miss Coplan and her assistants then set up 
a typical display for a window. As every- 
one knows, these Enoch Pratt Library van- 
dows are large and near enough to the 
sidewalks for passersby to easily view 
what is displayed therein. A standard 
size sheet of "Insulite" board is painted 
the required color; cut letters from the 
same material (or beaver board) are 
painted a contrasting color and pinned on- 
to the backboard; a three dimensional fig- 
ure, or object, is added, or possibly book 
jackets are used; and the books, or peri- 
odicals, or pictures are arranged on the 
shelf of the vfindow. Photographs are taker 
of every exhibit. These are bound annual- 
ly, and other Librarians may borrow them. 
Answers to questions I submitted during 
the question and answer period brought 

1« At Baltimore the branches use their 
own ingenuity for their displays and 
the publicity staff at Central sup- 
plies the posters, the insulite back 
boards, and letters painted the de- 
sired colors. These are returned to 
Central v;hen the exhibit is over. 
There is a fund in the budjet for the 
Display Section and it is spent on 
branch as well as central exhibits. 

2. The Chicago Librarian said she painted 
twelve posters and had a commercial 
printing house reproduce about sixty- 
five copies by silk screen process. 

A copy of each poster is sent to each 
branch. This is costly and not com- 
pletely successful as the Branch Li- 
brarian may have an opportunity to 
display material owned by a local in- 
dividual, or group, which always 
builds the best relations in the 

3, The Minneapolis Library Public Rela- 
tions man stated that he has "package 
displays" in central that the branch- 
es may borrow, but the Branch Li- 
brarians have considerable freedom in 
planning and mounting their own shows, 

I;, The Librarian from the Carnegie Li- 
brary in Pittsburgh stated that her 
artist assistant makes the posters 
for the branches on written request. 
The ansvrer vras "No" to question; "Does 
anyone from central go to the branches to 
set up exhibits?" The consensus of opinion 
seemed to be that the Branch Librarian 

should decide on her own exhibits. She 
should then send a work order to central 
•with a rough sketch of the posters desired 
and the date on which they vail be needed. 

The first part of the afternoon session 
was devoted to a panel discussion of news- 
paper, radio, and television publicity, 
Mr Young, the Public Relations Librarian 
at Cleveland, enjoys the happy position of 
having offices of the city's large daily 
papers located next door to the Library, 
The radio and television stations are 
close to the Library also. 

Miss Robertson of the Tacoma Public Li- 
brary told of her experiences and urged 
that the full story, that is, the yiho, 
how, when, where, and what be included in 
the first paragraph of the releases. She 
warned of getting releases to the editor 
in plenty of time for publication, and 
laughingly added that even when the item 
appeared in garbled form the editor is 
still right (He mil be needed again next 

Mr Hamill and an assistant told of one 
particular publicity campaign they put on 
concerning a town planning exhibit. The 
citizens of rapidly growing Los Angeles 
are very conscious of the need of proper 

The second part of the afternoon program 
was conducted by Ibr Young of the Cleveland 
Public Library, He and his staff showed 
posters they had made, and one of them, an 
elderly man with the "deadest pan" I've 
ever seen, printed some signs, while a 
younger man (by name, Oliver Gromrrell) set 
up a small book-display. The Cleveland 
Librarians use little cut-out letters, 
whereas the Enoch Pratt Staff do more ivith 
cut-out figures and alphabets than with 
painted posters. 

After this demonstration a tour of the 
Library vras conducted by the Staff, 
Cleveland, with display xinits on all 
floors of the building has both permanent 
and temporary exhibits, 

I met and talked with a number of Li- 
brarians doing display work, as the Library 
Public Relations Group, of which I am now 
a member, had a booth in the auditorium. 
This group also had a picnic out on the 
Lake one afternoon, which afforded me 
another opportunity to torture more of 
them. They were very friendly and -willing- 
ly answered all questions. It was an ex- 
cellent investment. 

Thomas J. Manning 


Staff Organizations Round Table 

The Thursday panel discussion, Coopera - 
tive Administrative Activities , was pre- 
sided over by Miss V.'ilma Vfaite. The 
three speakers were Miss Iferian McFaddeii, 
Librarian of the Indianapolis Public Li- 
brary, Miss Dorothy Heiderstadt, staff 
member of the Kansas City Public Library, 
and Mrs Rosalie N. Spellman, staff member 
of the Witchita (Kansas) City Library. 

Miss McFadden stated that, since she 
had risen step by step through various 
positions in libraries, she felt that she 
knev; considerable about the functions, 
problems, and activities of library work- 
ers. She stated further that she had 
outlined the responsibilities of adminis- 
tration and staff to each other; had 
helped inaugurate a staff organization; 
and had helped form other committees. 
She thinks that the Librarian should not 
be a member of the staff organization; 
she, herself, is now barred from the as- 
sociation which she helped to form. Her 
belief is that the line between a staff 
association and the administration is 
fine and that there should be close co- 
operation between the two. She mentioned 
the comforts of the staff at her own li- 
brary, and a few of the problems vj-hich 
seemed unimportant to many but meant con- 
siderable to a fevi individua].s. She 
learned of these conditions through an 
individual and then consulted the staff 
association representative. She laugh- 
ingly stated that if, on the other hand, 
she decided to move the desk in her of- 
fice to another spot in the room, she 
would do it without consulting the staff. 
The next fact mentioned was that the 
staff association can make studies for 
the common benefit of the administration 
and the staff. For example, the Indian- 
apolis staff made a retirement plan study 
for what is now law throughout their 
state. Miss McFadden touched briefly on 
the fact that the staff association 
should let the administration know of any 
\inhappy conditions among the staff in 
order that the Librarian may look into 
things she might have missed. She 
pointed out that the Trustees must be 
considered. The staff has not always 
been told of plans of the administration, 
she continued, because of confusion. 
Rules and regulations and salaries are 
the problems of both groups. TTorking 

these things out together causes good re- 
lations. In-service training, in her 
opinion, is excellent. She warned against 
bringing unsupported rumors to the Librar- 
ian and stressed having a detailed state-' 
ment prepared before going to the Librar- 
ian with a problem. Ifiss McFadden con- 
cluded by saying that from the point of 
view of the Librarian a staff organization 
is invaluable. 

Miss Heiderstadt is active in staff af- 
fairs at Kansas City Library and in SORT. 
She opened her remarks by stating the 
staff had helped get a larger percentage ^ 
of the state tax assigned to the Library. 
In Kansas City Library the staff paper is 
uncensored, the editor being responsible 
for everything that appears in it. Staff' 
association membership dues are $1»25 an- 
nually, part of which goes toward sending 
members to the ALA Conferences. Miss 
Heiderstadt stated that suggestions may be 
either formal or informal and she believes 
that the staff enjoys about all the privi- 
leges of the modern library organization.. 
The Library is under The Board of Educa- 
tion which has its say in major decisions. 

Mrs Spellman 's talk was brief, but in- 
teresting. She stated that up until the 
present Librarian was appointed the staff 
association was dominated almost complete- 
ly by the administration. Vifhen an admin- 
istration-staff meeting was held there was 
a set pattern to guide everyone attending 
it, and no one spoke to the administration 
unless spoken to. The idea of rising to 
ask a question, or the thought of free 
discussion on some point, just did not 
occur to the staff. There was no such 
privilege as a morning and afternoon re- 
cess for coffee. In fact the administra- 
tion was quite dictatorial. With the 
present Librarian came a new day. By mu- 
tual agreement of all of the staff the old 
association was disbanded and a new one 
founded, and with such wonderful changes. 
Mrs Spellman continued that the staff 
could not accustom themselves for quite 
some time to realize that they could ask 
questions or make suggestions either at 
meetings or in the staff periodical. And 
to have time for coffee was just unbeliev- 
able. She said that there was fine spirit 
at her Library now and the staff associa- 
tion is flourishing. They raise money for 
their association even by having rummage 
sales. One fact brought out by Mrs 
Spellman concerned a Library other than 


her own} the fact that at the Detroit 
Public Library, if an individual on the 
staff offers what seems to be a really 
worthwhile suggestion, the administration 
releases him from his regular duties so 
that he can carry out his plan, 

lilrs Spellman's summa.tion was succinctly 
put when she stated that even in a Li- 
brary the sura of the parts equals the 

The meeting was then opened for anyone 
to tell of individual experiences, prob- 
lems, or suggestions. The question of 
dues was discussed considerably. Some 
associations scale the dues according to 
the pay status of its members. Others 
charge a flat two or three dollars and 
make no profit on parties held during the 
year. Others make money on the sale of 
coffee, sandviiches, and tonics. 

There were a few other topics offered 
for suggestions which were of more indi- 
vidual than universal concern. (One in- 
dividual stated that she knew of an as- 
sociation v;hose funds were still in the 
checking account of the Librarian). 

By common agreement all said auld lang 
syne — till we meet in Chicago, 

Thomas J. Manning 

Audio-Visual Workshop 

The Audio-Visual Pre-Conference Work- 
shop on July 15 and l6 was opened by Dr 
Raynard S\Yank of Stanford University Li- 
braries, Arthur Stenius of Wayne Univer- 
sity led a stimulating discussion on the 
filmstrip and its use in Library film 
collections. Robert Schacht of the Uni- 
versity of Wisconsin presided at a film 
evaluation meeting based on three films: 
Iferriage Today , Human Beginnings , and 
teke Mine Freedom . Mrs Grace Stevenson 
of Seattle, Miss Karline Brown of Cincin- 
nati, Norman Moore of Rochester, and Mrs 
Muriel Javelin serx-ed on the panel. The 
audience participation v/as spirited. At 
a banquet meeting on Saturday evening, 
Arthur Mayer, Formerly Chief of Motion 
Picture Branch of the War Department in 
Germany, and Importer of such films as 
Bicycle Thief and Shoe Shine , gave a fas- 
cinating talk on Films As an Internation - 
al Language . Mr Mayer told of his recent 
experiences in Germany, 

On Sunday morning Kurtz Myers of 
Detroit and Miss Karline Brovm were in 

charge of a very practical discussion on 
Recordings in Public Libraries . Many 
helpful suggestions on the handling of a 
record collection and the purchase of 
equipment made this session one of the 
most valuable of the weekend meetings. 
The Cleveland Public Library vrLth a round- 
table of Cleveland citizens presented an 
Invitation to Ideas program, based on the 
film Picture in Your Mind on Sunday after- 
noon. This technique — a combination of 
a Great Books discussion and a film forum 
— is being used in a series of m.eetings 
in Cleveland, The script of the film was 
read, the sound track was heard \7ithout 
the film, and then the film and sound 
track were presented. Although interest- 
ing to see, nearly every one in the audi- 
ence vras of the opinion that such a use 
of films was not wholly satisfactory, since 
a film should be judged only in its en- 
tirety. At the afternoon meeting a draft 
of a proposed statement v.'ith regard to the 
use of sponsored films in the Library pro- 
gram was discussed. 

The Workshop closed Sunday evening v.dth 
a panel discussion on The Regional Film 
Librarian Speaks — a program in which all 
the Librarians in the Ohio Film Circuit 
participated, i\rith L. Quincy Mumford of 
the Cleveland Public Library as Moderator, 

For two days between meetings, after 
meetings, and far into the night Film Li- 
brarians looked at films and talked about 
nothing but films and film procedures. 

Muriel C. Javelin 

Adult Education Section 

That the interest in adult education is 
increasing was evidenced by the large at- 
tendance at all meetings of the Adult Ed- 
ucation Section, Over a hundred individ- 
uals were unable to be accommodated at the 
luncheon on Tuesday noon. We wondered if 
this was due to the inexpensive luncheon 
(i|)l,29) — incidentally it was delicious — 
or to the interest in adult education. 
However, the other adult education meet- 
ings were equally well attended. At the 
luncheon meeting Mrs Florence Craig, di- 
rector of adult education, Cuyahoga County 
Public Library, Cleveland, gave a stimu- 
lating talk on Should Librarians Read 
Books . LIrs Craig had discovered from a 
survey v;-hich she had recently completed 
that, unfortunately, many librarians do 


not read. During the afternoon meeting 
which followed, the "buzz session" tech- 
nique was used to draw the audience into 
a lively discussion on the subject If Not 
the People's University, Then VJhat ? The 
"buzz session" was preceded by a panel 
discussion led by Iiflrs Grace Stevenson, 
head, Adult Education and Film Department, 
Seattle Public Library. 

On Thursday afternoon the Adult Educa- 
tion Section featured a Symposium: Our 
Best Community Project vrith Miss Sigrid 
Edge of Simmons College presiding. Sym- 
posium members were I.tiss Violet lHyer of 
Enoch Pratt, Mrs Carrie Palmer of Royal 
Oak, Michigan, Miss Ruth Warncke of Kent 
County, Grand Rapids and Mrs Muriel 
Javelin who spoke on the Boston Public 
Library Never Too Late Group u Following 
the question period members of the audi- 
ence told briefly of special projects 
which had been successfully presented in 
their communities. 

Muriel C. Javelin 

Inter cultural Action 
Throupih the Library 

On Monday morning, Miss Edna Phillips 
of the Morrill Memorial Library, Norwood, 
Massachusetts, acted as Chairman on a 
panel discussion of IntercuJ-tural Action 
Through the Library . Miss Margery 
Quigley of Montclair, New Jersey, spoke on 
Library Service to Displaced Person s; 
Miss Minnie Monti of Cleveland and Miss 
Kolish of Pittsburgh discussed the Selec - 
tion and Purchase of Books in Diverse 
Languages. Perhaps the most valuable 
contribution made by liLss Monti v;as the 
advice to buy foreign books directly from 
the country concerned, rather than from 
dealers in this country. A list of for- 
eign dealers vras distributed at the meet- 
ing. Miss Dorothy Homer of the 135th 
Street Branch of the Nev; York Public Li- 
brary gave a splendid talk on Reading 
S ervice as a Force in Inter-Group Under- 
standing in v;^hich she stressed the point 
that prejudice is not inborn. Jliss 
Phillips read a paper which had been sent 
her by Mrs Peck of New Mexico on the 
Culture of the American Indian . A lively 
question period follov:ed the panel dis- 
cussion and a special invitation vras giv- 
en to the audience to visit the Foreign 
Language Department of the Cleveland 

Public Library where lists of books in 
various foreign languages were available 
for distribution. 

Muriel C. Javelin 

Pageant of Folk Dances 

At the Fourth and last General Session 
of the Conference, Cleveland Cultural 
Groups presented a colorful and stirring 
Pageant of Folk Dances by Polish, Czech, 
Hungarian, Roumanian, Croatian, Irish, 
Negro, and Lithuanian groups. Those vfho 
were privileged to see these dancers will 
not soon forget the evening which brought 
to a close the open meetings of the 19^0 
Conference in Cleveland. 

Muriel C. Javelin 

H ospitality 
First Gen e ral Session 
Art Reference Round Table 
Friends of the Library 

When the sprawling metropolis of Cleve- 
land flung open the wide hospitable doors 
of her ten-m.illion-dollar Auditorium in 
welcome to the members of the AM, the 
more than J|,000 visiting librarians in 
attendance were impressed by the various 
manifestations of this public-spirited com- 
munity which emphasizes the good things of 
life. The garden clubs of Cleveland pro- 
vided the beautiful bouquets of flowers 
which were so artistically and lavishly 
displayed at the several meetings through- 
out the week. The open houses and recep- 
tions scheduled were both elegant and 

In conjunction with the convention, an 
exhibit of l60 displays of library aids 
ranging from books to bookmobiles was lo- 
cated in the underground exhibition hall 
of Public Hall. In this lively atmosphere 
where publishers, book binders, and audio- 
visual experts merchandised their wares 
attractively, there was a great deal to 
see and learn about the extraordinary 
techniques developed by the book trade to 
aid libraries to render excel] ent service. 
There came to mind as one lingered at the 
booths of Asi a Calling, F olkways Records & 
Service Corp -, , Army S pecial Services , and 

Depart .-nent_ of State In fo rma tion Libraries , 
a significant statement by Brooks Emeny, 
"The frontiers of successful American 


foreign policy can extend only so far as 
there exists mutual understanding betvreen 
ourselves and the peoples to whom our pol- 
icies are to apply. Embraced in the world 
policy should be not only considerations 
of economic welfare and security, but also 
the minds of men who understand mutual 
problems." Nations must cease being eth- 
nocentric for science and technology have 
combined to shrink the world. Musing in 
this vein was not possible for any length 
of time because this particular area of 
the exhibits was filled with the gay and 
exotic recordings of the Ethnic Folkways 
Library, the favorite being a captivating 
dance from Panama El Tamborito . The tune 
was such a contrast to the No. 1 favorite 
of the juke boxes in many of the local 
restaurants — "Goodnight Irene" with 
Gordon Jenkins and his Weavers, not to 
mention the rehearsal of the Cleveland 
Summer Orchestra conducted by Dr Rudolph 
Ringwall which featured Vivian Delia 
Chiesa as soloist as she sang Massenet's 
"Pleurez mes yeux", and who gave it par- 
ticular slancio when she noted the few 
listeners in the music hall. The cultural 
diversity offered to visitors of the con- 
ference was stimulating to say the least. 

At the meeting of the First General 
Session Mr Milton E. Lord, in his address 
as retiring president of ALA, urged great- 
er support for libraries through State Aid, 
Mr Lord then introduced the principal 
speaker of the evening, Brooks Emeny, 
president of the Foreign Policy Associa- 
tion. His topic, "A Marshall Plan of 
Ideas" stressed the following facts: 
OUR FUTURE, whether v.-e like it or not, 
is inextricably bound up \vith the future 
of Europe, the Middle and Far East. 
SOVIET EXPANSION, while it has been 
stopped for the time in western Europe, 
is driving with pressure in the Orient. 
are not viilling to make themselves the 
instruments or the victims of United 
States anti-Soviet policy. 
NOIffiTHELESS, the United States has the 
power, if it can summon the wisdom, to 
help make an Asia v;hich we are not 
strong enough ourselves to control into 
an Asia v/hich vrill refuse to be con- 
trolled by the Soviets, 
EUROPE, even with Marshall plan aid, 
will be unable to maintain its recovery 
without solution of the economic problem 
of the Far and Middle East. 

Miss Katherine Kosmak, who directed the 
former United States Information Service 
Library \intil it was closed by order of 
the Czech government last April, addressed 
the Art Reference Round Table at a buffet 
luncheon which was held at the Cleveland 
Museum of Art on July 18, 19^0. Miss 
Kosmak told how American art is served by 
making information about it available in 
foreign countries. These libraries exist 
to give a full, fair, and accurate picture 
of life in the United States and of that, 
art is a section. Art is included without 
making a particular feature of it, for 
these libraries grew out of libraries of 
technical information and technical infor- 
mation comes first. However, the impor- 
tance of the nationalized glass industry 
in Prague made it essential to stress many 
phases of commercial art such as sugges- 
tions for brochures as well as packaging 
and display. There v;as great demand for 
patterns which could be etched on glass 
for the American export trade. This ivas 
natural in a country which vras trying to 
build up its industrial art. ViJhereas 
European libraries are scholarly and cus- 
todial rather than educational, these li- 
braries maintained abroad by the State De- 
partment offer inestimable opportunity for 
the flow of international friendship and 
cultural exchange. Miss Kosmak 's experi- 
ence, however, v/as challenging in this 
country mth its highly- charged political 
situation and the library had to fight 
misconceptions and lies. Evidence of the 
latter was the prominence given to posters 
all over the city such as the scurrilous 
cartoon shov/ing President Truman as a 
monster with claws swooping over the peo- 
ple, which was so beautifully executed by 
the American Artist, William Gropper, 
The concerts of recorded American music 
held at the library on Monday evenings 
were very popular with the Czech people 
v:ho showed special preference for negro 
spirituals which have such great appeal 
for an oppressed people. 

At the Friends of Libraries Luncheon, 
Louis B. Seltzer, djniamic editor of the 
Cleveland Press and great benefactor of 
the Cleveland Public Library, urged li- 
brarians to secure for their institutions 
friends who understand the function of the 
library and can help it to carry on its 
cultural activities by offering its serv- 
ices and information in an attractive man- 
ner to its community. Mr Seltzer deplored 


the attitude of the average American, 
who, in his ceaseless craving for enter- 
tainment by means of television, movies, 
sports, and canasta, begrudges our coun- 
try time to discharge his obligations as 
a well-informed citizen. 

Vera J. Lavorgna 

The History and Purposes of SORT 

The History and Purposes of SORT was 
the subject chosen by Miss Mldred T. 
Stibitz, Dayton Public Library, Daji:on, 
Ohio, for her talk following the business 
meeting on July 19. 

In her preliminary remarks she brought 
out the fact that, according to a bibli- 
ography prepared in 1936, the matter of 
staff organizations was being discussed 
in periodicals in the early 1920 's. Al- 
though there were social and literary 
groups of staff members at that time, 
most of those discussed in the articles 
were union groups. 

In the 1930 's a rash of staff organiza- 
tions broke out. YiTith the New Deal had 
come acceptance of the desirability of 
labor organization and there was a tre- 
mendous groirth in the membership of labor 
unions. The idea spread to white collar 
and professional workers. Librarians 
were not unaffected by the spirit of the 
times but tended to organize themselves 
into staff associations rather than 
unions, although some few groups ^irere af- 
filiated with organized labor. 

A survey of the staff associations ex- 
isting in 1936 showed a great variety in 
the types, interests, v/ays of working, 
and membership of these organizations. 
Some excluded the janitorial staff, some 
excluded members of the admdnistration, 
some included everyone. Some v;ere almost 
entirely social or vrelfare organizations, 
concerned with such matters as sending 
flowers to sick members. Some were con- 
cerned with studying personnel questions, 
economic problem.s, development of credit 
unions, working for increased budgets, or 
similar matters. 
History Of The SORT 

In the period in \Yhich many nevf asso- 
ciations were being established, the ALA 
Bulletin published a letter by Helen 
Zeigler, of the Montclair Public Library, 
asking staff associations to send repre- 
sentatives to a meeting held during the 

Richmond conference in 1936. Both union 
and non-union representatives attended a 
dinner and discussed "Y/hat are the Pur- 
poses, Aims and Proper Fields of Activity 
of Staff Associations?" As a result of 
discussion, a committee was appointed to 
study the question of some sort of organi- 
zation of staff organizations and to report 
at the 1937 conference. This committee 
made the survey already referred to, ad- 
vised new associations on activities, and 
encouraged the formation of new staff or- 
ganizations. The members held conferences 
with Miss Timmerman, the person at ALA 
Headquarters concerned vriLth personnel mat- 
ters, and with Mr Paul North Rice, then 
chairman of the Board on Salary, Staffs 
and Tenure (later the Board on Personnel 
Administration) . They corresponded and, 
in the case of a few members, met together 
and formed plans for the creation of a 
round table within the structure of the 

At the 1937 conference, held in New 
York City, representatives from various 
associations voted to form a ro^'jind table. 
Dues were set at 5^ per capita (with mini- 
mum and maximum figures for small and 
large associations) and a council was set 
up with representation from all member 
organizations and a Steering Committee of 
five mem.bers. There does not seem to be 
any record of actual formation of the 
council and work was carried on by the 
Steering Committee. Meetings have been 
held at all subsequent ALA conferences, 

A constitution was submitted at the 19U0 
conference in Cincinnati by Ruth Shapiro, 
chairman of the Constitution Committee. 
It was adopted in 19hl at the Boston con- 
vention. This document provided for a 
Steering Committee of seven members, e- 
lected for tvio years with staggered terms, 
established dues at 5^ per capita, and 
set up the form of the round table in gen- 
eral. It stated the purposes and aims of 
the round table and provided that there 
should al^vays be representatives of both 
union and non-union organizations on the 
Steering Committee. This constitution was 
later amended in minor ways but its main 
principles are still in force. 

No national conventions were held from 
19i;2 to 19i|6, the war years* At the re- 
quest of ALA, all officers were frozen in 
office. Since there was no provision for 
replacing any officers who resigned (this 
was later corrected by an amendment to the 


constitution) , the number on the Steering 
Committee dvri.ndled. An effort was made 
to publish a bulletin that would serve as 
a substitute for meetings, v/ith more ar- 
ticles and more nev;s. However, when the 
editor was unable to continue the extra 
work no one \ias found to replace her, and 
the bulletin vfas discontinued in 19U5» 
Dues continued to come in but, since riKjn- 
ey could not be spent for the benefit of 
the membership, dues vrere halved one year 
and waived another. In 19U6 a completely 
new committee, with one exception, was 
elected at the Buffalo convention. In 
spite of everything, 60 associations had 
remained members, and although Ik had 
dropped out for various reasons, 22 nevf 
members had joined. The years since the 
war have seen revived and increased ac- 
tivity. The successful meetings at the 
19h9 regional conferences showed that in- 
terest in staff organizations was vade- 
Purposes and Their Achievement 

The constitution states that the ob- 
jects of the SORT are as follows: 
(l) To encourage the formation of staff 
organizations; (2) To act as a clearing 
house for information about staff organi- 
zations; (3) to bring staff organizations 
into closer relationship and to foster 
mutual cooperation; and {k) To cooperate 
with ALA boards and committees and other 
organizations set up to study and act 
upon personnel problems. These objects 
are to be reached by means of corres- 
pondence, publication of a bulletin, 
publication of articles in professional 
journals, discussion and action at annual 
meetings, studies and surveys. 

In varying degrees these purposes have 
been achieved. From the beginning the 
Steering Committee has served as a source 
of information on many subjects. There 
have been questions on hov; to organize, 
how to handle flower funds, hoiv to put 
out staff publications; on faculty status 
for librarians; on leaves, pension plans, 
salaries, sick leaves, recruiting methods. 
Valuable surveys have been made on in- 
service training, Sunday work, vacation 
practices, sick leave, the five-day week, 
payment of expenses for staff members at- 
tending meetings — many as a result of 
requests for information. Requests for 
information on how to organize and on 
constitutions led to the publication of 

"■y-Tiy a Staff Organization, with Suf'ges- 
tions for a Constitution". The SORT or- 
ganized the clinic on personnel problems 
at the Mlwaukee conference in 19U2, 

The Staff Organization Round Table has 
cooperated with other groups interested in 
similar problems. In 19U0, its represent- 
atives served as co-ordinators in the 
Employee Relations Clinic sponsored by the 
Board on Salaries, Staff, and Tenure. In 
I9J4I;, the chairman was a member of a com- 
mittee on relations with local groups and 
the SORT bulletin was used to ask members 
to send ideas to this committee. SORT has 
had a representative on the Joint Committee 
on Library Work as a Career. The Board on 
Personnel Administration has appealed 
through the bulletin for forms that can be 
used in making up a nevf edition of the 
manual on personnel practices. In 19U8, 
the SORT Chairman urged the use of the 
salary standards set by the Personnel 
Board in making requests for salary in- 
creases, both to add the prestige of ALA 
backing and to publicize the national min- 
imum standards. The SORT and member or- 
ganizations raised $200 as a contribution 
to ALA's share of the expense of the study 
of library salaries and working conditions 
made by the Bureau of Labor Statistics. 
Interests as Shown by Articles in 
Bulletin and Talks at Meetings 

It has been interesting to notice the 
subjects that, through the years, have 
been discussed in the bulletin and at 
meetings. It might have been expected 
that there would be a changing pattern 
but, actually, the round table appears to 
be interested now in the same topics as 
in earlier years, with one or two excep- 

1. Questions of organization: should 
there be staff organizations, what kind 
should they be (union or non-union), what 
are their functions in libraries, what is 
their relation to the administration? 

2. The Staff Organizations Round Table: 
how can it be made more effective; what 
are its purposes? 

3. Personnel Matters: fostering coop- 
eration betvreen staff and administration, 
increased salaries, pensions, job analyses, 
relation of staff to trustees, merit sys- 
tems, in-service training, 

h' Practical help in staff organization 
work: hov; to edit a bulletin, program 
material, methods of raising money. 


5. Professional or literary matters. 
These appeared only occasionally. 

In addition, the bulletin contained 
frequent news of associations and what 
they were doing, and lists of articles of 
interest to staff organizations. During 
the war, the preoccupation with war ac- 
tivities — blood banks, Victory Book 
campaigns, etc. was very evident. 

Although the same topics were discussed 
from year to year, there were exceptions. 
In the early years there were frequent 
and sometimes heated discussions about 
luiions but the decisions vrere early made 
that the SORT should include both types 
of organization. Either unions are more 
generally accepted now or the establish- 
ment of the Library Unions Round Table 
has taken care of the difficulties. 

Another exception seems to be the more 
general acceptance novr of the concept of 
some employee participation in adminis- 
tration through staff organizations. Al- 
though this is not true of all libraries, 
discussion has moved from whether such 
participation is possible to the ways in 
Twhich it might be carried on. 

There are conclusions in the sense that 
they represent thoughts that come from 
going over the material on the Staff Or- 
ganizations Round Table, not in the sense 
that they are orderly results of the 
evidence presented. 

There have been many accomplishments. 
There may be dissatisfaction with the 
fact that the meetings still give con- 
sideration to about the same topics as 
fifteen years ago. In the first place, 
new organizations are constantly being 
formed and joining the SORT. These need 
information that has already been dis- 
cussed. Furthermore, the basic components 
of personnel problems remain the same — 
salaries, working conditions, in-service 
training — but nev/ things can constantly 
be said about them. Talking about the 
same subjects does not mean that the 
same things are being said, 

ViThat lies ahead? To some extent at 
least, the SORT is fulfilling the pur- 
poses stated in its constitution. 
First, consideration must be given to the 
nature of SORT as an organization of or- 
ganizations. The representatives of each 
group not only participate in the round 
table's activities but they also have an 
obligation to interpret the purposes of 

the larger organization to their own home 
associations. It is important that there 
be experienced officers to conduct activi- 
ties, but it is also important that new 
people and representatives of new associa- 
tions be elected to the Steering Committee, 
so that as many associations as possible 
should have some familiarity vrith SORT. 

One goal, therefore, might be to find 
vrays in which the membership of the mem- 
ber organizations could be made familiar 
with the workings of the SORT — through 
reports and publications from those at- 
tending the annual meetings. There should 
also be increased participation by all 
member organizations. 

Vigilance is still needed in regard to 
encouraging the organization of staff as- 
sociations. Although the idea is certain- 
ly accepted generally, it is by no means 
universal. Personnel techniques in li- 
braries have improved in many respects but 
this does not mean that staff organiza- 
tions are not necessary. 

Finally, have we let our interest in 
such matters as tenure lapse too soon? 
Perhaps for a few years it was not neces- 
sary to watch so closely, but when member 
of library staff can lose a job because of 
refusal to sign an oath that goes against 
religious principles, it would seem neces- 
sary for an organization of staff members 
to be on the alert. The matter of finan- 
cial support for those v;ho lose positions 
in such circumstances might be considered. 
In these times, this whole area is a le- 
gitimate field for staff association ac- 

Evelyn Green 


"To witness the spectacle of Milton 
Lord, proper Bostonian attired in blue 
jeans and red plaid shirt, calling square 
dances in a cultured H-a-avard accent, 
was indeed novel." 

"Echoes from Cleveland" — 

AD LIB, Indianapolis Public Library 



As three BPLers — Mrs Evelyn B. IvJarden, 
Mrs Evelyn Green, and Miss Vera Lavorgna — 
were nearing the end of their drive to 
Cleveland, en route to the ALA Conference, 
they passed a small country church where a 
carnival was being held. Thinking how 
nice it would be to return to Boston in 
the new Buick on display, they stopped and 
bought several tickets. 

Arriving at their destination. Confer- 
ence matters claimed their attention and 
anyways, they "knew they'd never win any- 
thing." Imagine their surprise the next 
morning to receive a telephone call from 
the priest at the small church. No, they 
hadn't won the car; but Mrs Mar den had 
held a lucky number and had won a tele- 
vision setl 

A car for Mr Murphy in June; a televi- 
sion set for Mrs I'.lkrden in July; do these 
things happen in threes? 


The Mid-Century National Audio-Visual 
Convention including the Educational Film 
Library Association (EFLA), the Film Coun- 
cil of America (FCA), the Midwest Forum on 
Audio-Visual Aids, and the National Audio- 
Visual Association (NAVA) was almost a 
continuation of the ALA Pre -Conference, 
for some twenty-five ALA members were in 
Chicago from J\ily 28 through August 1. 
Friday and Saturday afternoons vrere given 
over to five separate group meetings for 
study and discussion of problems and tech- 
niques in the production, distribution, 
administration, and utilization of audio- 
visual materials. Mrs Patricia Blair, 
Library Film Advisor of ALA and llrs Grace 
Stevenson of Seattle served as Co-Chairmen 
of the meetings on A-V Pro.'^rams in Public 
Libraries . Robert Schacht of the Univer- 
sity of Vi''isconsin and his group who vrere 
to discuss A-V Techniques for Special In - 
formal Education Groups joined the Librar- 
ians so the meetings were particularly 
well attended. At the Friday afternoon 
meeting the discussion centered around the 
two questions: Eovi can the public library 
promote community use of films? and Hovi 
can the public library provide or develop 
capable discussion leadership? On 

Saturday afternoon the planned program was 
changed and the time was devoted to a dis- 
cussion of film censorship in public li- 
braries. John M, Cory, Executive Secre- 
tary of the ALA, presented the case of the 
Peoria, Illinois, Public Library of which 
Miss Bertha Landers is Film Librarian. 
The American Legion recently requested the 
withdrawal of three films from the Library 
collection: Peoples of USSR , Boundary 
Lines, and Brotherhood of Man , claiming 
that these films were Communistic. Since 
an editorial in a Peoria daily paper also 
attacked Julien Bryan and the Basic Film 
List of the Audio-Visual Board of the ALA, 
llir Cory reported that the ALA Committee on 
Intellectual Freedom v;ould investigate the 
case, as would the Film Council of America, 
This is the first serious case of attempt- 
ed film censorship in a public library. 
At a joint session of EFLA and FCA on 
Saturday morning, Dr Edgar Dale of Ohio 
State University gave an inspirational 
talk on The Next Fifty Years (in education- 
al films) or Moving Forvaard by Looking 
Back'.rard, Dr Dale discussed: 

Co-operation versus competition 
Sharing versus charity 
Entertainment versus education 
Participation versus spectatorship 
Revolution versus reaction 
in the United States and in the world dur- 
ing the next fifty years and predicted 
that: Audio-Visual materials will come of 
Students vdll have an increasing 
responsibility in using audio- 
visual materials 
More audio-visual centers will be 
established, particularly in li- 
Films will be used for a greater 

variety of purposes 
Much more critical thinking vdll be 
necessary in the use and selec- 
tion of films 
More courses will be given in the 

audio-visual field 
The film audience vdll be much 

The understanding of mass media 
will become more im.portant in 
liberal education 
Producers of educational films 

should receive more profit 
Television will be used a lot more 

in education 
Machines must be improved and the 


persons who use the machines must 

be improved. 
On Saturday evening, Floyd Brooker, 
Chief of the Film Division, Office of Edu- 
cation, Washington, D.C. was chairman of a 
panel appraisal of the development of edu- 
cational films — Films , Then and Now and 
in the Future * Examples of the oldest and 
the newest educational pictures were shown. 
At a Film Council Clinic on Sunday morn- 
ing many practical suggestions were offered 
regarding the organization and programs of 
local film councils. The subject of the 
Sunday afternoon meeting was: Fifty Years 

of Progress in the Audio-Visual Field: A 
Visualized Review . Brief talks by out- 
standing people in the field were given on 
training, production, distribution, formal 
educational use of films, industrial use 
of films, and informal use of film materi- 
al. These talks were all illustrated and 
demonstrated the oldest as well as the 
newest audio-visual equipment. At the 
banquet on Sunday evening Robert J. 
Blakely, Chief Editorial V^riter of the 
St. Louis Star-Times gave the principal 
address in which he stressed the importance 
of films in the critical times ahead. 

As in Cleveland there were frequent film 
showings and informal film discussions 
lasting far into the night. Mrs Muriel 
Javelin represented the Film Council of 
Greater Boston and completed her term as a 
member of the Film Council Senate of which 
Mr Cory of ALA was the Chairman. 

Muriel C. Javelin 


On the evening of August tenth approxi- 
mately one hundred Library employees and 
their friends gathered at the home of Tom 
Aglio in Hyde Park amid multi-colored 
lights and streamers to help celebrate at 
a surprise party held in honor of five 
Library employees who will enter the sem- 
inary this fall. 

They are: Francis Connell, Open Shelf 
Department, to enter the Paulist Prepara- 
tory Seminary, Catonsville, Baltimore, 
Iferyland; John Clougher, Book Stack Serv- 
ice, and Frederick Muiphy, formerly of the 
General Reference Department, to enter 
Saint Clement's Hall, Brighton; Richard 
Desharnais, Statistical Department, to 

enter Stonehill College, North Easton, 
Massachusetts (Holy Cross Fathers); and 
Donald Ross, formerly of the Cataloging 
and Classification Department, Division of 
Home Reading and Community Services, to 
enter the Trappist Monastery in Rhode 
Island. Unfortunately Donals vras not able 
to attend the party. 

The affair got underway at eight-thirty 
and lasted until one o'clock. At nine 
o'clock the families of the seminarians- 
to-be arrived, and their arrival proved to 
be more of a surprise than the party it- 

There was dancing until ten-thirty. Then 
each of the fellows entering the religious 
orders was presented with a gift. In the 
card attached to each gift there was a 
long white ribbon on which were inscribed 
the names of all those who wished them 
good luck in their coming vrork. 

After the gifts were opened and dis- 
played, congratulations were once again 
extended to those concerned. Refreshments 
;vere served as the young crowd gathered in 
small groups around the bridge tables set 
up on the dance area. 

The large three-car garage was lavishly 
decorated vath colored paper and lights, 
Japanese lanterns, and balloons. On the 
back wall of the garage was a large poster 
depicting the five seminarians in their 
clerical garb with suitcase in hand as 
they leave the familiar sights of the Li- 
brary and Copley Square, (see back cover). 

The weather was pleasantly warm for such 
an outdoor occasion and everyone enjoyed 
an exciting evening, 

I msh to take this opportunity to ex- 
press my thanks to the Personnel Office 
and all the members of the Library Staff 
who helped me to make this party the huge 
success that it turned out to be, 

Thomas J. Aglio 
Periodical and Newspaper Departments 


Alls ton 

The staff has been able to follow Ethel 
Kimball on her travels throughout Europe 
from the many interesting post cards she 
has sent. Among the highlights of her 
trip to date were visits to Oxford, Eng- 
land, where she saw the Bodlein Library 


and other college buildings, and more re- 
cently, to Brussels and Venice. 

Another visitor to Europe, but one who 
vrill see Israel first, is Miss Sarah 
Richman. As she sailed less than a week 
ago, we have not yet received news of her. 
In the next eight weeks we expect to hear 
much of interest from her, 

Codman Square 

The Codman Square Branch was represented 
by Miss Ross and Miss Winnick at the sixth 
IJUT summer lecture, entitled "WHAT MAKES A 

One of the students opened the meeting 
and introduced the Moderator, Prof. Howard 
R. Bartlett, Head of the English and His- 
tory Department at IfIT who said that Prof, 
Ludwig Lewisohn vias in the hospital for an 
emergency operation and so was not able to 
be there as announced, but that Prof. John 
Ciardi of Harvard had very kindly consent- 
ed to take his place at extremely short 

The first speaker was Associate Prof. 
Paul M. Chalmers of MIT who presented his 
ideas of "miAT I'lAKES A BOOK GOOD?" in a 
unique way, pretending that he had fallen 
asleep and heard the radio advertising a 
good book, "Passion on the Pampas", which 
had "punch and deep-dovm, locked-in good- 
ness." His presentation held the audience 
from the first. For him, no book was good 
if it bored him. Provided he brought to 
it a decent amount of intelligence, atten- 
tion, and willingness, the reader had a 
right to expect a book to hold him. The 
author should be sincere, know his subject, 
and present it vrell. 

The second speaker. Prof. William C. 
Green of MT, spoke in his usual off-hand 
manner. Many in the audience were evi- 
dently his students who were used to him. 
He said that in a good book, virtue should 
triumph over vice. He also thought that 
individual taste (relativism) must bow to 
literary standards (absolutism): those 
who did not like Homer did not pass his 

The last speaker, Prof. John Ciardi 
spoke like the creative writer he is. He 
said that the first criterion for a good 
book was that the people and the situa- 
tions should be evoked rather than de- 
scribed, so that the reader is transported 
outside himself completely, the experiences 
and emotions in the book become his own, 
and the characters as real to him as the 

people he knows. He thought that any sub- 
ject was valid in a good book if it were 
significantly observed and significantly 

The lively question period brought out 
some further points vjhich Prof. Ciardi 
made: He did not see how a person could 
read "Forever Amber" if he knew "Hamlet", 
nor did he consider the popularity of a 
book any yardstick of its worthiness. In- 
deed, a good book, said the poet, must 
have met the tests of some fifty years, 
surviving literary fashions and tastes, 
to have proved itself an enduring one. 

■V/hen asked whether the dignity of man 
must always be upheld, he replied that the 
illusion of man's dignity and sympathy 
with him are legitimate demands of a good 

The evening vias a stimulating and pro- 
vocative one, highlighted by Prof, 
Ciardi 's brilliant mind and talent mth 
vrords , 

West End 

Eleven members (plus husbands) of the 
staff attended the lecture forum on "What 
makes a good book?" on Wednesday evening, 
August 9, at MIT. The group had dinner 
at the Hotel Commander prior to the lec- 

The panel was made up of Yfilliam C. 
Greene, Professor of English, MIT, John 
Ciardi, Professor of English, Harvard, 
Paul M. Chalmers, Associate Professor of 
English, MIT, and the Moderator was 
Professor Howard R. Bartlett, Head of the 
Department of English and History at MIT, 

The group had a pleasant evening, but 
the consensus of opinion was that these 
erudite gentlemen failed to reach a con- 
clusion on what actually makes a gook book, 
or to establish a code of rules which 
might guide Mr and Mrs Average Reader in 
the selection of a good book. 

On Tuesday morning July 25, approximate- 
ly 100 children attended a shovvlng of 
PETER AND THE WIFFLEHOUND, a movie on safe- 
ty produced by the Liberty Mutual Insur- 
ance Company of Boston. Groups of chil- 
dren representing the Elizabeth Peabody 
House, the Temple Street Methodist Church 
Vacation School, the Myrtle Street, Pitts, 
Faneuil and Phillips Street Playgrounds, 
the Salvation Army Day Camp, and the Heath 
Christian Center Day Camp attended with 


their leaders. Miss Clio Colivas, repre- 
sentative of the company, spoke to the 
children on the subject of safety, and al- 
so showed the film. Souvenir booklets, 
distributed. After the showing of the 
film, the groups were guided on a tour of 
the Library building, and a talk on its 
history was given by the Children's Li- 
brarian, Miss Elinor Day. An opportunity 
was given the children to use their Li- 
brary cards and to select books for home 
use. The program was a great success; so 
much so, that plans are being made to pre- 
sent a similar program on safety for the 
junior high school children in September 
and at the same time to emphasize the chil- 
dren's role in safe driving and fire pre- 


Green, Henry 


New York, Viking, 1950 
Kennedy, Margaret 

The feast 

New York, Rinehart, 19^0 
Van Every, Dale 

Bridal journey 

New York, Messner, 19^0 
Weston, Christine 

The world is a bridge 

New York, Scribner, 19^0 
Wilson, Angus 

The wrong set 

New York, Morrow, 1950 


Commager, Heniy S. 
The American mind 
Ne\Y Haven, Yale Univ. Press, 19^0 

Daley, Arthur 

Times at bat, a half a century of base- 
New York, Random House, 19$0 

Eliot, Thomas S. 
The cocktail party 
New York, Hare our t, 19^0 

Leigh, Robert D. 

The public library in the United States, 
a report of the Public Library Inquiry 
New York, Columbia Univ. Press, 19^0 

Lyle, Guy R, 

Classified list of periodicals for the 

college library. 3rd ed. 

Boston, Faxon, 19I48 
Reece, Ernest J. 

The task and training of librarians 

Nev: York, King's Crown Press, 19U9 
Trilling, Lionel 

The liberal imagination 

New York, Viking, 1900 
Velikovsky, Immanuel 

TiTorlds in collision 

New York, Macmillan, 1950 
Winwar, Frances 

The immortal lovers 

New York, Harper, 19^0 


Any contribution to the Soap Box must be 
accompanied by the full name of the Asso- 
ciation member submitting it, together 
with the name of the Branch Library, De- 
partment, or Office in which he or she is 
employed. The name is withheld from pub- 
lication, or a pen name used, if the con- 
tributor so requests. Anonymous contribu- 
tions are not given consideration. The 
author of the article is known only to the 
Editor-in-Chief, The contents of articles 
appearing in the Soap Box are personal 
opinions expressed by individual Associa- 
tion members and their appearance does not 
necessarily indicate that the Publications 
Committee and the Association are in agree- 
ment with the views expressed. 

Servus Indignatus, virho seems at the mo- 
ment to be more Indignatus than Servus, is 
obviously much upset by the delay in the 
announcement of promotions. Without en- 
tering into the discussion of that subject, 
it nevertheless strikes this reader that 
Servus Indignatus makes certain inplica- 
tions which should disturb anyone inter- 
ested in the service as well as in the 
staff. He/she seems to suggest that 75 
members of the staff are likely to be so 
affected by their private anxieties that 
it will adversely affect their approach to 
the public. As Servus Indignatus has said, 
"75 individuals is a sizable segment of 
the staff", so that the lessening of the 
efficiency and courtesy of so large a 
group is rather serious. It occurs to 


this reader that individuals so lacking j 
in self-control that they allov: their 
personal worries to affect their work so 
noticeably would presuinably receive on 
their rating sheets rather lovi marks in 
"poise", "courtesy", "dependability", and 
"attitude tovrard people". If, as he/she 
further suggests, a good deal of their 
time will go into v;hispered speculations 
as to their fate, it is conceivable that 
their \Tork accomplishment vd.ll sviffer. 
At this point one arrives at an obvious 
conclusion. Should these individuals, 
whose vrork and attitudes are so adversely 
affected by such circumstances, be the 
considered choice for promotion? This 
reader does not think so. This reader 
also thinks that Servus Indignatus is 
simply over-commotus and that actually 
neither he/she nor the other 7ii members 
of the staff are whispering in corners or 
glowering at the innocent public. 


To the Editor of Soap Box: 

Two fancy names and two long articles 
in contrasting styles appeared in the 
SOAP BOX last month. They have aroused 
many comments. 'Ilhen the heat of discus- 
sion is over one fact seems to stand out 
clearly, which either of the two viriters 
could have put into one sentence, i.e»: 
No matter how you look at it, delays in 
filling vacancies as they arise when 
there are qualified persons on the wait- 
ing lists lowers staff morale. 

Plain Logic 

To the Soap Box: 

At any ALA conference it is always in- 
teresting and often enlightening to talk 
with Librarians from all parts of the 
United States, Here are a few observa- 
tions gathered at random in Cleveland: 

1. Boston salaries rank exceptionally 
well with those paid in other parts of 
the country. 

2. Many libraries pay conference ex- 
penses of the head librarian or of persons 
in key positions. Apparently few librar- 
ies offer conference grants to general 
staff members. 

3. Not many libraries promote entirely 
from their ranks. Some libraries do so 

unless there is no qualified person on the 
staff, and frequently there doesn't seem 
to be. 

Enough Said 


One of the most kindly recollections of 
the Cleveland Public Library is its splen- 
did service to shut-ins. 

The establishment of the Frederick 17, 
and Henryett Slocum Judd fund has made 
possible a greatly enlarged and developed 
library service to the old, the crippled, 
and the ill in institutions and, to some 
extent, in their own homes. Vifith money 
from this fund a special staff has been 
appointed; many new books have been pur- 
chased] and book talks and other programs 
have been provided. Surely Cleveland 
Shut-ins are fortunate, 

Evelyn Green 


I have been much impressed with the 
Question Mark during the past two years, 
and just to let you know that its contents 
do have an effect — on the strength of 
Mrs Bailey's letter my husband and I vis- 
ited "Fruitlands" last Saturday and found 
Mrs Bailey's enthusiasm completely justi- 


Dorothy M. Lovett 
Kirs te in Business Branch 

August 7, 1950 





si? ^^' 



;XbHlV FR/ilNK FR£D o,^ 










Published by the Boston Public Library Professional Staff Association 

Vo lume_V^ujnber 9 -^^ P^^'"^^^__}g? 

Publications Conmittee: Mildred R. Adelson, John M, Carroll, Eleanor DiGiannantonio, 

M. Dorothy Brackett Ekstrom, Sarah M. Usher, Chairman 

Publication date ; 

The fifteenth of each month 

Deadline for submitting material : 
The tenth of each month 


TJhat seems to us to be a significant 
event which has taken place during this 
vacation period — the trip taken by the 
Tinistees, with the Director, to visit a 
group of libraries — makes it self-evi- 
dent that for the Trustees there are no 
vacations. Regardless of time of year, 
this board of five unpaid "servants of the 
people" is always on the job. 

Their action indicates that they recog- 
nize their responsibility in connection 
v.rith building funds to be threefold: To 
the memory of Josiah Benton and John 
Deferrari who gave the money; to the pres- 
ent generation in whose lifetime the en- 
larged building will become a reality; 
and to future generations in order that 
they may have no reason to say that the 
additions are beautiful architecturally, 
but present many administrative problems. 

Consequently, before approving final 
plans, three of the Trustees and the Di- 
rector spent a week in August visiting 
a selected group of libraries in the east 
and middlewest to obtain first-hand infor- 
mation which iidll help them to take ad- 
vantage of building experiences at these 
large libraries. 

This is cited here as a concrete example 
of the good business sense v^hich the Trus- 
tees exercise in facing problems which 
come to them in the discharge of their 
duties. It also affords an opportunity to 
call attention to the ever-increasing in- 
terest on the part of the Trustees in in- 
ternal library problems and in staff ac- 

The obvious conclusion is that we are 
fortunate as a staff in having men of 
such calibre chosen to serve as Trustees 
of one of the largest public libraries in 
the country* 

New Staff Member s 

Miss Eli2sabeth C, Hershey, Personnel 

Mx Joseph C. Sakey, Cataloging and 
Classification Department for Reference 
and Research Services. 


Mies Patience-Anne C, Williams, from 
East Boston Branch Library to Mattapan 
Branch Library. 

Miss Dorothy K, Becker, from North End 
Branch Library to Connolly Branch Library, 

Jiiss Rosalie A, Lang, from General Ref- 
erence Department to History Department, 


Miss Lorraine C, Faille, Mattapan Branch 
Library^ to Mr John Evans of Boston and 

Miss Lois Shoemaker, History Department, 
to MjT Lavn:'ence Markus of Wilmette, 111. 
Both Tin.ll study in Paris where the wed- 
ding will take place, Mr Klarkus has a 
Fulbright scholarship. Miss Shoemaker is 
leaving the Library on October first, 


Miss Patricia Morley, Office of the 
Division of Home Reading and Community 
Services, to Donald A, Gillis on August 
26, 19^0. 


Ike Paul Kennedy, Office of the Division 
of Home Reading and Community Services, 
to teach at the Rochambeau School, Dor- 

Miss Leonie Sheehan, Book Purchasing 
Department, to teach at the Solomon Leuen- 
berg School, Mattapan. 


Mr Matthew P. Gallagher, History Depart- 
ment, to teach history at Wheaton College. 

Military Service 

Mr B, Joseph O'Neil, Periodical and 
Newspaper Department, is on active duty 
vdth the United States Navy, 


Miss- Berit Lambertsen of Bergen, Norway, 
has joined the staff of the Library as a 
full— time volunteer assistant for the per- 
iod dating from September 1950 through 
June I95II. Miss Lambertsen has been for 
the past two years a student in the 
Bergens Off- Bibliotek. She arrived in 
this country in August and on September 5> 
1950 she reported to the Library, She 
vrill work and observe throughout the li- 
brary system, 



On Saturday morning, August 26, at nine 
o'clock, Miss M, Patricia Morley was- 
married to Mr Donald A. Gillis at Saint 
Andrew The Apostle Church, Roslindale, 
The bride looked beautiful in a white lace 
ankle-length go-wn vdth matching lace cap 
and short veil. She carried a spray of 
white gladioli, Mrs Alice Morley Doucette 
sister of the bride (formerly of the 
Business Office), ivas matron of honor. 
Her dress was of aqua lace and satin. She 
vrore a coronet of deep pink gladioli and 
carried a matching spray. After a small 
outdoor reception for the immediate family 
Mr and Mrs Gillis left for a tvro week vred- 
ding trip to Cape Cod, 



Miss Jean Watson, Business Office, 
Mrs Helen Hirson, Office of the Division 
of HomeReading and Community Services. Mrs 
Hirson was injured in a recent automobile 


Dr Johannes Rasp, Director, Hessische 
Landesbibliothek, Darmstadt, Germany, 

Dr Theodor Ostermann, Library of the 
University of Mvtnich, Germany, 


Enthusiastic letters are being received 
from Miami, Florida, from Miss Elizabeth 
Todd, formerly of the Teachers ' Depart- 
ment, She is busy cataloging books in the 
Library of the University of Miami fdiere 
she had been employed since July 5» On 
the social side Betty is having a good 
time, and her friends idll be interested 
to hoar that she has abandoned Bridge for 
Canasta, Her only complaint is the heat - 
but Tri.ll we all envy her next February^ 


Wiy my qualifications as a judge in a 
beauty and talent contest excited so much 
surprise leaves me quite perplexed. If an 
explanation on my part is in order, here 
goes - 

Shortly before leaving for my vacation I 
was asked if I would be willing to say a 
word of greeting at a reception for summer 
students which was to be given later in 
the month by the Vifilliam Rhodes Opera So- 
ciety of Boston, Although I hesitated to 
give up my last days of vacation, I acced- ' 
ed to the request of the president of the 
society, Dr Tfilliam A, Rhodes, and cut my 
vacation short in order to be present. 

Among others greeting the students was 
-Ir James H, Jones, President of the Boston 
Alumni Association of Hampton Institute, 
who a few days after the reception appear- 
ed in the Music Department and asked if I 
ivould be Trri-lling to be a judge in the Nat- 
ional Finals of the Beauty and Talent Con- 
test on August 17, in connection the 
convention of the Ancient Egyptian Arabic 
Order Nobles of the Mystic Shrine of North 
and South America, I looked upon this 
chain- reaction assignment as an excellent 
■opportunity for self-education. 

As a preliminary the judges vrere asked 
to dine vdth the tvienty contestants at the 
Hotel Lenox on the evening preceeding the 
contest, Y/ith two beauties to the left 
and two to the right, I proceeded to wolf 


the delicious dinner under the careful 
scrutiny of a chaperone seated directly 
opposite me. Each course vras served at a 
different table so that I had a speaking 
acquaintance mth each of the tvirenty con- 
testants, I don't recall ever being seat- 
ed more advantageously, with attractive 
young people trying to make a favorable 
impression on me as to their vivacity, 
conversational ability, and poise. 

Such are the arts of make-up however 
that the next evening it was almost im- 
possible to identify some of the individ- 
uals. Each contestant paraded up and 
dovm the ramp successively in three events 
and the judges had to grade them as first, 
second, third, fourth, and fifth. After 
the third event came the talent contests 
which consisted of piano playing, baton 
twirling, free, tap, and acrobatic dancing 
and singing. Some of the voices vrere re- 
markable . 

Then came the personality contests in 
Yv'hich each had to explain v;hat she vrould 
do if she were awarded the prize. The 
grace and poise of the contestants amazed 
me for most of them were in high school or 
recently graduated. The earnestness of 
purpose was evident and each had such ex- 
cellent objectives that grading was diffi- 
cult here. 

Between each event the score cards were 
collected and tallied by the tellers dur- 
ing which time there were various features 
by skilled choral groups, by a pianist, 
and by the presentation of awards. 

T.Tien the final decision vras announced 
the girl who won fifth place was called 
out first. She came out as pleased and 
proudly as though she had vron first. Then 
in succession came the girls \vho had won 
fourth, third, second and finally first 

All this took a long time, you may be 
sure, and I did not get home until 3=30 
a.m. All the while wir Jones was a model 
of thoughtfulness and courtesy. The whole 
affair v;as conducted mth great efficiency 
and reflected great credit on the manage- 

Richard G. Appel 
Chief, Music Department 



In The Question Mark for August we ask- 
ed a direct question, "Do these things hap- 
pen in threes?" To it vre have had a di- 

rect answer, "Yes." On July 22, llbc James 
P. Gannon, Binding Department, was the 
vanner of a Philco television set at a 
drawing conducted at Farmington, N,H., by 
the Catholic Church, 



First Night Club of Boston, a unique, 
successful, and non-profit theatre societjj 
vriiich has been in active operation for the 
past nineteen years, invited the members 
of the B.P.L.P.S.A. to join its organiza- 

The purpose is to reduce substantially 
the cost of theatre tickets and to bring 
to the legitimate theatre select and dis- 
criminating audiences vihose limited in- 
comes might otherwise prevent them from 
enjoying the entertainment and education- 
al advantages of the theatre, due to the 
prevailing prices. 

First Night Club enables its members to 
participate in the theatre *s vrlde variety 
of attractions - drama, comedies, oper- 
ettas, musical revues, musical comedies, 
and ballets. These presentations are 
given at the Opera House and at the Coplej^ 
Majestic, Plymouth, Shubert, and YJilbur 

The enrollment fee yearly is one dollar 
for each member. It costs one dollar, 
plus Federal tax, for a ticket to each 
show designated as a first night attrac- 
tion. Prior to the opening of one of 
these shovra the member receives particu- 
lars about the shov; by post card. The 
membership card and post card may be pre- 
sented at the ticket office and the hold- 
er may, for exam.ple, receive an orchestra 
seat for one dollar, plus Federal tax. 
As general rule the tickets are available 
for either the opening night or the fol- 
loiTing one. 

During the theatre season of 1950-51 it 
is anticipated that betvreen fifteen and 
t.Tenty shows v;ill be offered to the First 
Night Club members. Failure of a member 
to attend approximately one half of the 
shOT'js presented 7d.ll result in the can- 
cellation of membership. 

The season started off vdth a bang-bang] 
The first attraction was "Pardon My FrencH' 
starring Olsen and Johnson, Those attend- 
ing the smash hit at the Opera House can 
testify that there Viras plenty of zip, 
noise, laughter, and dancing for everyone. 
The second offering was "Black Chiffon", 
with Flora Robson and the original English 


cast. Drama at its best was enjoyed at 
this performance. The next play is "Sea- 
son in the Sun", ^vith co-stars', Richard 
Whorf and Nancy Kelly, 

Two Hundred and fourteen m.embers have 
been enrolled in the First Night Club 
through the B.P.L.P.S.A. Enrollment 
closed on August fifteenth, 


In the classroom of the newly establish- 
ed Ryukyu University, on Okinawa, a CARE 
representative recently found Professor 
Buntaro Taira, head of the English depart- 
ment, eating his lunch - one bo\vl of rice. 

Rice is the main diet for the professor, 
his wife and their five children. Occa- 
sionally, there is a little fish. More 
often, though still rarely, some greens 
grown in the small garden the Professor 
cultivates on a patch of land beside the 
family's four— room shack, which is built 
of packing boards and corrugated iron sal- 
vaged from war debris. 

Professor Taira symbolizes the tragic 
postwar plight of thousands of profession- 
al people in war— ravaged lands - the li- 
brarian, teacher, lawyer, doctor whose 
skills, though so important to the ^vorld's 
future, do not rank as priority in the im- 
mediate needs of reconstruction. 

Five years after World War II, attention 
still centers on the task of putting coun- 
tries back together physically^ Houses 
must be rebuiltj vrater lines must be re- 
laid; trade and agriculture must be re- 
stored. The professional person's skills 
are not the ones that guide the factory 
machine or the plow. He finds that his 
services — and his needs - must wait. 

Thus, Professor Taira earns the equiva- 
lent of $5U a month on a foodshort island 
vifhere the top rations am.ount to I6OO calo- 
ries a day and where rice, his diet staple, 
costs 25^ a pound on the free-market on 
which the people must depend to supplement 
their diets, CARE reports. But a Chauf- 
feur for the Shima Taxi Company, advanta- 
geously placed since transportation is at 
a premium on Okinawa, can count on a net 
monthly income of ^80 - his $iiO salary 
plus tips. And v.tiile employees of the 
Okinawa Civil Administration's Department 
of Education - librarians, teachers, etc, 
- earn an average of n^21,96 a month, a 
truck driver for OCA's Public Y/orks Depart- 
averages $26, lU a month - and has the op- 

portiinity to take advantage of good buys 

in food and clothing as he drives about I 

the countryside. 

This picture of the professional per- 
son's "squeeze" between salaries and in- 
flated living costs is reflected, with | 
local variations, in reports of CARE rep- f 
resentatives throughout Europe and Asia 
and underlines the continued need for 
gifts of CARE food and textile packages. 

Particularly in the East, where so much 
of the world's attention must now center, 
gifts of food to ease widespread hunger 
can mean vital help in establishing new 
nations on a sound democratic basis » 

On the sub-continent of India and Pakis- 
tan, v/here CARE recently extended its ser- 
vices, there g^re some 12,000,000 refugees, 
about equally divided betvreen the two 
countries - Muslims who fled from India, 
Hindus virho fled from Pakistan in the dis- 
turbances that accompanied partition. 
Herded in over-crowded refugee camps and 
colonies, forced to leave their posses^ 
sions behind them in their flight, depriv- 
ed of their livelihood, they need food and 
clothing and a bolstering word of friend- 
ship to help them start their lives anew. 

In this new group of "Displaced Persons^' 
once again it is the professional and 
white-collar man or vroman who is the most 
hard-pressed. The farmer, given a patch 
of land, can raise some food for his 
family. The professional person must 
search for the too-few jobs that need his 
skill ~ 

Miss Anima Bose, holder of a Master's 
degree in English, for ten years a lectur- 
er at a girls' college in Dacca, in what 
is now Pakistan, well knows ;Yhat that 
means. She is the main support of her 
family, v;hich includes her invalided 
father, her mother, brother and sister, ' 
Yet since coming to Calcutta last Winter, 
in the aftermath of partition, she has 
applied for almost 100 jobs of various 
kinds, vdthout success. She and her fam- 
ily now live with an uncle who has a fam- 
ily of five and earns only 175 Rupees a 
month - about ■4>3^ — as a government clerk. 
The uncle pays I4.O Rupees a month for one 
room and a kitchen, and in these cramped 
quarters both families live. On what is 
left of his salary 11 people must be fed 
and clothed. 

The refugee problem comes to India at a 
time Y;hen it is confronted with a serious 
food shortage. Famine is feared in Bengal 
'Province the last half of this year. Sev- 
eral starvation deaths have already been 


reported in Bihar Province, and entire 
commiinities have been reduced to eating 
leaves and grass. In the State of Madras 
there are rumors of parents who have sold 
their children because they could not 
afford to feed theme 

India is not alone in the shortage of 
food, nor are its people the only ones 
sorely in need of such gifts as CARE pack- 
ages , Unemployment is rising in the Phil- 
ippines, and there are an estimated 
100,000 unemployed in the city of Manila 
alone. In Japan, where the average month- 
ly wage is '^2^, all members of a family 
who are able must work at -vrfiatevcr job 
they can find in order to buy enough fish 
and rice to sustain the family at the 
barest subsistence level. Tuberculosis, 
following on the heels of malnutrition, 
takes a toll of 15 deaths every hour in 

And despite the surface prosperity that 
is displayed for tourists, the average 
European continues to feel the pinch of 
hunger. CARE surveys taken over the 
summer tell the story — 

Meat is practically non-existent for 
Norway's people j they are living almost 
solely on fish, Austria is using 65 per- 
cent of its Marshall Plan aid to import 
food, instead of being able to use the 
funds for industrial projects that would 
restore the country's self-sufficiency as 
an exporting power. In Italy, which has 
li, 000, 000 unemployed, the contents of a 
;;?10 CARE food packaire would cost |19.20 - 
even spaghetti is a luxury to many fami- 
lies, Greece's people live mainly on 
pulses, potatoes, greens and any foodstioff 
that contains a lot of filling starches; 
proteins, are priced out of reach. In 
Yugoslavia, most recent addition to CARE's 
European area of service, the people must 
buy on the free-market to raise their 
strictly-rationed diets to nourishing 
standards. But average wages in Yugo- 
slavia are 1;,000 dinars - about $80 - a 
month, and tvro pounds of milk powder cost 
a full week's wages on the freennarket. 

Against that background of need, CARE 
appeals to Americans to continue sending 
CARE packages overseas. At a time when 
idealogies are so important, the person- 
to-person channels of CARE giving - from 
librarian to librarian, doctor to teacher, 
trade unionist to trade unionist - bring 
not only vital material aid but a sense of 
"sameness" and understanding. 

Supplementing the food for hungry stom- 
achs, and equally important for long-range 

needs, is CARE's "food for the mind" - 
the CARE-UNESCO Book Fund program, en- 
dorsed by the American Library Assoc ia— . 
tion, to provide the latest and best sci- 
entific and technical works for v/ar- 
depleted libraries abroad. By sharing 
bread, and by sharing knowledge, through 
CARE, Americans can take an active part 
in laying the ground;TOrk for a better 

Edward Vif, Joyce, Jr 


New England CARE Committee 

175 Tremont Street 

Boston, Massachusetts 


The following correspondence brings up 
to date the Library's standing in the mat- 
ter of the ijO-hour week law, (chapter 657 
of the Acts of 19U8), At the hearing on 
August 28, 1950, the B.P.L.P.S.A. was rep- 
resented by Mr Charles J, Gillis, who was 
authorized by the Executive Board of the 
B.P.L.P.S.A. to place the Association on 
record as favoring the continuation of the 
existing status. Other groups and organi- 
zations within the Library were represent- 
ed at the hearing, 

Office of 
City Hall 

August 2U, 1950 

Edna G, Peck, President 
Boston Public Library 
Professional Staff Ass'n 
c/o Boston Public Library 
Library Building 
Copley Square 
Boston, Mass, 

Dear Madam: 

You are respectfully requested to 
attend a meeting of the City Council 
Executive Committee to be held in the 
City Council Chamber on Monday, August 28, 
1950 at 2:30 P.M. 

SUBJECT: hP hour work week. 

For the Committee: 
(signed) ROBERT E. GREEN 

Clerk of Committees 


August 29, 1950 

Dear Mr Lord: 

At a meeting of the Execiitive 
Board held today, I'lr Charles Gillis gave a 
report to the Board of the meeting held be- 
fore the City Council Executive Committee 
on August 28, at which he represented the 

The problems involved in the 
length of the work week and compensation 
for overtime work are matters of extreme 
interest to members of the Association. 

Because of the many conflict- 
ing rumors among members of the staff, the 
Executive Board believes that a statement 
from you at this time to the staff clarify- 
ing the situation viould be welcomedo 

The Executive Board is anxiou^ 
to cooperate with the administration of theipresent tine this ruling had not been put 
Library in any way it can, and would appre-dnto effect in the Librarye 

ciate receiving information from you con- 
cerning developments as they arise, upon 
which the Association might base a course 
of action. 

Sincerely yours, 

(signed) RUTH CANNELL 

Vice President 

12 September 1950 

Dear Miss Peck: 

The Director has asked me 
to acknowledge the receipt of the letter 
of August 29, 1950 from Miss Ruth Cannell, 
Vice President of your Association in rep- 
resentation of the Executive Board, 

He has asked me to send to you a copy 
of the notice which today is being releas- 
ed to members of the staff relative to the 
five-day forty-hour week. 

It is believed that the information 
contained therein will clarify the sit\ia- 
tion to date relative to compensation for 
overtime work, A further statement will 
be made when a final decision has been 
reached in this matter. 

Very sincerely yours, 

(signed) John J, Connolly 

Assistant to the Director 

Chief Executive Officer 

To Members of the Staff: 

Chapter 65? of the Acts of 19i|8 re- 
stricted the service of all employees of 
the city to five days and forty hours in 
any one week. Since the passage of the 
Act there has been under discussion be- 
tween the City Auditor and library offi- 
cials the matter of hourly rates of pay in 
relation to the five-day forty-hour week. 

The City Auditor on the tasis of this 
Act ruled that the hourly overtime rate of 
pay in the City service was to be based on 
l/UOth of the weekly rate of pay, even for 
those individuals who do not actually vrork 
a ho hour week as for example in the Li- 
brary: Cleaners (30 hours a vi^eek). Cleri- 
cal (35 hours a week), Bibliothecal Work- 
ers (35 hours a v/eek), and Printers and 
Binders (37a hours a week),- Up to the 

Recently the City Auditor stated that it 
is his interpretation of the Act that 
hourly overtime rates of pay based on the 
five-day forty-hour week must become ef- 
fective in the Library unless action is 
taken to exempt library employees from the 
operation of the above-mentioned Act, The 
Trustees of the Library thereupon brought 
the matter to the attention of His Honor 
the I^ayor with a request that the matter 
be given consideration by him with a view 
to initiating action tovrards such exemp- 
tion before the City Council, It was the 
Mayor's belief that library em^ployees 
should be exempted from the provisions of 
the Act and he therefore forvrarded an ord- 
er to the City Council recommending exemp- 
tion of the Library from the provisions of 
the Act, 

The City Council received the order and 
laid it on the table with instructions 
that both library officials and library 
employees be heard before action was taken, 
A hearing was held on Monday, August 28, 
1950, at vriiich both sides were heard, and 
the matter -frs again laid on the table for 
an additional two-vreek period with the re- 
quest by the City Council that the City 
Auditor, the Law Department, and the Li- 
brary confer jointly in an endeavor to 
reach a solution that will not disturb the 
existing arrangements in the Library. 
This conference was held on Monday, Sep- 
tember 11, 1950 and the matter has novf 
been taken under advisement by the City 

It is believed that an adequate arr-mge- 
ment can be effected whereby the existing 


and current practice in the Library for 
determining hourly overtime rates of pay 
will remain unchanged, A further state- 
ment will be made when a final decision is 
made in this matter. 



12 September 1950 


On Monday y August 21, 1950, three of the 
Trustees of the Boston Public Library, 
accompanied by the Director, left Boston 
on a five-day tour of certain libraries in 
the eastern and midwestern part of the 
country. The three Trustees who made the 
trip were Mr Frank W, Buxton, Jlr Lee M, 
Friedman, and Monsignor Robert H, Lord* 
Judge Frank Donahue was prevented from 
accompanying his fellow members of the 
Board of Trustees because of the death of 
his sister. I.'Ir Francis B, ?.5asterson had 
to remain in the city because of business 
It is the hope of both Judge Donahue and 
lir Llasterson that they may make a similar 
trip at a future date. 

The trip took the Trustees and the Di- 
rector to New York, Princeton, Baltimore, 
Toledo, Cleveland and Detroit, The first 
day was spent in travelling by plane to 
New York and then by automobile to and 
from Princeton, where the new Harvey S, 
Firestone I.Ieraorial Library of Princeton 
University was visited. Both the morning 
and afternoon of the follomng day were 
spent at the Enoch Pratt Free Library, 
Baltimore, Llaryland, Wednesday was spent 
studying the Toledo Public Library, 
day the Trustees and the Director spent in 
Cleveland visiting the central library 

Cleveland, so recently headquarters of the 
A.L.A. Convention^ On Friday the group 
flew to Detroit vAere both morning and 
afternoon were spent, as had been the pre- 

vious four days, visiting, observing, ques- large centres of population to compete 

tioning, and answering. That evening the 

group left Detroit by a plane due in Bostoring matter - newspapers, magazines, boimd 
at 8:05 p.m. fiction. The people are reading; we no 

V'.'ith the impending building program fac- longer need to urge or encourage them. 

well as the accruing John Deferrari Fund, 
From nev^spaper reports, it is apparent 
that they did not limit their interest to 
architectural details. Work vdth foreign 
groups, open stacks, exhibits, audio-visual 
programs, subject departments activities, 
etc., find mention in the ne\is coverage of 
their visits. 

The visit of the Trustees of the Boston 
Public Library ;vas news in the local press- 
es. Both news columns and editorial space 
were given over to their stay, brief as it 
was in many cases. Apart from serving a 
practical pixrpose of their o\vn, it iTOuld 
appear that the trip of the Trustees gave 
the local libraries they visited a chance 
to "make the news" and helped publicize 
libraries and library problems in general, 
A selection of clippings from the press of 
the various cities they visited is being 
posted on the staff bulletin board. 


In the Library Journa l for August 192U 
there was included a paper prepared and 
read before the second general session of 
the ALA Conference at Saratoga Springs, 
New York, on July 1, 1921;, by Mr Frank H. 
Chase, Reference Librarian at the Boston 
Public Library. I'lr Chase had taken for 
his subject, "Wliat the People are Reading 
in Boston", Below we quote several para- 
graphs from that article and suggest that 
you may find interest in applying them to 
conditions existing in 1950, 

"Public libraries were, I suppose, found- 
ed with the aim of encouraging people to 
read; my observations, hovrever, have con- 
Thurs-|vinced roe that the people have got far be- 
yond the need of encouragement. They are 
all gaily reading exactly what they please. 
The night was spent at the Hoteljunder the library's nose, and behind its 

back; and the librarian is quite unfamil- 
iar with a great portion of their chosen 

"It is futile for the public library in 

with this great stream of uncensored read- 

ing them, the Board of Trustees made this 
trip to get first-hand information, ideas, 
and impressions to be drawn on when arriv- 

ing at their final plans for the use of theiating libraries have come to regard the 

accrued Josiah H. Benton Building Fund, as 

And they are willing and able to pay for 
vj-hat they want to read. It is interesting 
to note in this connection that the circu- 

public library as an impertinent intruder 


in the field v^tiich belongs of right to 
them. There are about U35 of these insti- 
tutions in Boston; and they object to pay- 
ing taxes in order that the Public Library 
may be aided to compete vdth their busi- 

"The public libraries have a great field 
of service in caring for the needs of ear- 
nest students of all types. They are re- 
sponsible for providing the real books of 
the past for all who to read them. 
They have the great task of training the 
children of the community in rijj'ht habits 
of reading, and the equally important one 
of carrying on the ivork of Americanization 
thru the mse use of the printed page. 

"In short, the constructive social work 
of the public library in promoting educa- 
tion and general culture is unlimited. We 
ought especially to give to the person who 
is out of school, and dependent upon us, 
whatever he wants for self-education; 
this is the most important civic function 
of the library." 

"The people can and vdll get what they 
want to read; we cannot stop them, and it 
would not be our duty if we could. As a 
vrtiole, thoy are quite indifferent whether 
the public library buys 'The Plastic Age' 
or not; librarians spend hours trying to 
decide xvhether to ourchase one or two 
copies , and while they debate, the people 
of Boston have purchased 1,500 copies, 
from a single bookstore. They do not need 
our help in getting current fiction. They 
are independent, as befits this pleasure- 
chasing age; vrhy not admit it? We could 

works of acknowledged literary merit* 

"The money thus saved I would put into 
serious, constructive service - into the 
material for adult education, in its vari- 
ous phases, and into publicity which 
should bring it home to the people that 
they can get at the public library what- 
ever they want of solid value. For this 
work - the purveying of education - we are 
and always shall be better placed than the 
ncYispapers and magazines or the circulat- 
ing libraries. This field - the field of 
the dynamic - is ours. The static field 
of amusement belongs to the periodical 
oress, the circulating library, and the 
movies; at best, we can only scratch it. 
The story of the 'better mousetrap' applies 
here: the people have found th^ way to 
the ephemeral reading-matter v/hich they 
viant, and have made it a broad and beaten 
road; let us supply books of permanent 
value so effectively that our public will 
como just as sursly and confidently as 
does that of the Sunday paper or the "west- 
ern Story Magazine." 

should bend to our honorable task, and 
not satisfy this static demand if \re wouldileave this mass to those who can reach it< 

""'ffliat are the people reading in Boston? 
The answer depends on v/ho 'The People' are. 
In every community there are at least four 
distinct reading publics: the children, 
the foreign-bom and those handicapped by 
circumstances in the race for education, 
the students, and the great mass who turn 
to books for excitement or relaxation* 
The first three of these classes read for 
groi.rth, and are ours; the fourth is inert, 
and, as a whole, we cannot touch it, ViTe 

and, if we could, it would not be vrorth 
while . 

"What program, have I to suggest? Brieflyj 
minimise the static element in librarj?- ser- 
vice, which does not count, and correspond- 
ingly magnify the dynamic element, which 
counts tremendously. 

"I v:ould try to persuade every public li- 
brary to place all its current fiction, 
VvT-th a fev; rare exceptions, in a 'pay' or 
rental collection, Tliosc whose happiness 

demand is over, and the books, at least in 

large part, are paid for. They can then bcwhat to expect. Ivladame Hahnloser sent me 

transferred to the regular collection, 
Yifhere thoy v.-ill become available like any 
other library book. 1 would further cut 
dovm to a minimum the replacement of the 
adult fiction which wears out, except for 

Our path of service lies elsewhere." 


One wonderful thing in Europe is the 'way 
one can combine business with pleasurej 
especially if the business is art and in 
Switzerland. I was particularly anxious 
to see the renovmed private collections of 
depends on their having a novel while it is modern French painting in Winterthur, a 

lovely small city near Zurich, I wrote to 
the same terms as at a commercial circulat-make arrangements for seeing the Hahnloser 
ing library. At the end of a year, the hoiand the Reinhart Collections, and even the 

ansvj-ers I received gave me some idea of 

postcards Renoir bathers, and in 
rather poor French and very difficult hand- 
VbTiting informed me that I could come at 
ten in the morning on any Thursday, but if 
I couldn't make a Thursday there v."as usual- 


ly a maid who could show me the paintings 
if she herself could not be there. She 
expressed her feeling for her collection 
in the words, "I do not have a museum, but 
my friends fill all my rooms", 

lHy reply from Dr Reinhart was quite dif- 
ferent. It was business-like, T.Titten by 
a secretary in beautiful English, and in- 
formed me that Thursday afternoon was the 
time for visitors, I was to let them know 
vifhich Thursday I planned to come. When I 
complied, I was sent a card of introduc- 
tion mth that date and my name written 
very plainly on it, with a personal card 
of Dr Reinhart. 

When 1 arrived in YiTinterthur I went im- 
mediately to I'iadame Hahnloser's home in 
order to make the most of my ten to twelve 
morning, I reached her house, a very \zn— 
pretentious frame building such as might 
be seen in any Boston suburb, and rang the 
bell. An elderly lady came to the door, 
wearing a faded wrapper and with her grey 
hair askew. It vias Lladame Hahnloser and 
she explained that the maid had had to go 
to church, and that the cat had had kit- 
tens and was very sick, which accounted 
for her unpreparedness. She and the maid 
had been up most of the night the cat, 
and even now the cat cried every time she 
was left alone. Ifedame Hahnloser left me 
in a living room filled with Renoirs while 
she went up to see the cat. V.Tien she re- 
turned she explained something of her col- 
lection, which had started mth the nine- 
teenth century French painter, Adolphe 
Monticelli, and vrent to present day 
Georges Rouault. She and the maid took 
turns taking me from room to room, and 
looking at the cat. It vras soon evident 
that her friends really did fill her rooms, 
Each room vias a surprise - paintings that 
I had seen reproduced many times were all 
there. I came upon them in the living 
room, in the dining room, in the bedrooms, 
Ind even where the poor cat was crying in 
her basket with the kittens. Madame Hahn- 
loser has about fifty Bonnards, probably 
the most important collection in existence. 
She was one of the earliest to befriend the 
artist and collect his work. Among other 
wonderful paintings were superb Cezannes, 
Van Goj^hs, Vuillards, Lautrecs, Re dons, to 
mention but a fcvr. Behind the house was a 
lovely garden wl-iere a few choice pieces of 
sculpture were placed. I left v.dth the 
feeling that I!adame Hahnloser was among her 
friends all the time, and that she was very 
pleased when anyone came to see the paint- 
ings that she loved, even though it meant 

opening her personal rooms^. 

Two French-speaking people had joined 
us during the morning, and the three of 
us lunched together before setting forth 
for Dr Rcinhart's sho-^Aring from two to 
four in the afternoon. At his address we 
entered a long winding road which led to 
a beautiful estate located on the crest 
of a hill, overlooking the hills sur- 
rounding IVinterthur. A maid let us in, 
requested our introductory cards and our 
personal cards, Vfe were then allowed to 
go in to the first gallery. Yes, it was 
indeed a museum, beautifully arranged in 
chronological order, v/ith absolutely no 
crovirding. The maid gave us copies of a 
catalogue and v\re proceeded from room to 
room. There were beautiful things from 
Breughel to Cezanne, and what Cezannes J 
Lautrec, Monet, Renoir and I.knct were 
also there, and some beautiful Daumier 
drav/ings. The grounds around the house 
were carefully kept, with sculpture here 
and there, but they had nothing of the 
friendly intimacy of Madame Hahnloser's 
gardens. Somehow, her concern about our 
enjoyment of her paintings and the little 
episode about the kittens, gave just that 
personal touch which made her paintings 

Muriel C, Figonbaum 


Gide, Andre 

Two symphonies 

New York, Knopf, 19h9 
Howe, Helen H, 

The circle of the day 

New York, Simon & Schuster, 19^0 
Richter, Conrad 

The tovm 

New York, Knopf, 19^0 
Steele, llax 


NeviT York, Harper, 1950 
Vittorini, Elio 

In Sicily 

New York, New Directions, 19li9 
I'ferren, Robert P. 

V'orld enough and time 

New York, Random House, 1950 



Bowen, Catherine D, 

John Adams and the American Revolution 

Boston, Little Brovm, 1950 
Casey, Robert J. 

The Texas border and some borderliners 

Indianapolis, Bobbs-Herrill, 1900 
Crawford, Iferion 

The little princesses 

Nevj- York, Harcourt, Brace, 1950 
Grossman, Richard H, S,, ed,. 

The god that failsd 

New York, Harper, 19l49 
Haines, Helen E, 

Living vdth books 2d ed. 

New York, Columbia University Press, 1950 
Lehmann-Haupt , He llmut 

One hundred books about bookmaking 

New York, Columbia University Press, 19U9 
Menninger, Karl A. 

Lian against himself 

Nev; York, Harcourt, Brace, 1938 
Perkins, Max\irell E. 

Editor to author 

New York, Scribner, 1900 


Jamaica Plain 

"It's a small vrorld" - we often hear it 
said - and apT:!arently our vrorld is getting 
smaller all the time, A new exhibit en- 
titled "Books of Many Nations" vn.ll con- 
tribute toward a better understanding of 
the ways of life in other countries.. 

Brightly colored pictures denoting many 
scenes of beauty throughout the world meet 
the eye upon entering the library — the 
Eiffel Tower at Paris, a Swiss Street 
Scene, St, Peter's, Vatican City, Rome, 
Light and Shadows in New York City, and 
the Arc de Triomphe, The Children's 
Museum of Jamaica Plain has contributed to 
the display by lending an exhibit of arti- 
cles from the Mediterranean lands and the 
Balkan States, In the glass-enclosed cab- 
inet in thc3 main room of the library are 
castanets from Italy, a pottery vase made 
in Spain, pressed flovifers from the Holy 
Land, a T'orrocan leather bag, dolls in the 
national Greek costume, and an Egyptian 
basket. The glass shoxv case in the adult 
reading room also contains some authentic 
and facinating foreign items - pottery and 
a blanket from the Near East, .a small 
leather water jug, and some Croatian shoe 

The books , which are the central theme 
of the exhibit, are just as varied as the 
pictures and the articles. They have been 
selected from the shelves vd-th an eye to 
representing as many nations of the world 
as possible. The predominantly blue and 
yelloxi motif of the pictures is carried 
over into a poster which names the v:hole 
display. It all adds up to an exhibit 
well vrarth seeing, and everyone is invited 
to come to the library and get acquainted 
with the books of many nations ox our 

So uth End 

lirs Anna Lou Shanor, assistant in the 
Children's Room, vv'ho is touring Europe 
with her husband, has been in Oberammergau 
Germany, One of the high lights of her 
trip through Oberammergau was the Passion 
Play, which she says was a rragnificc^t 
production really amazing since it draws 
on the talents of only one village. But 
before the next time she sees it, she will 
learn German. Tfihilc in Austria, JIrs 
Shanor visited relatives of Miss !!artha 
Englor, Children's Librarian^ and had a 
delightful time, 

Mt, Pleasant 

Miss Gladys TiHiite, Branch Librarian, 
left by plane on September 1; for five 
weeks tour in Europe. After a short stay 
with her brother, Mr Theodore Yiliite, auth- 
or of "Thunder Out of China", and his fam- 
ily in Paris J she will visit other points 
of interest. She v;ill return by plane and 
is expected back about October 15» The 
staff presented Miss IThite with a Travel 
Diary and a corsage just before she left, 




Miss Marie F, McCarthy, Book Pvirchasing 
Department, to llr Herbert C, Hewes, Jr,, 
student at Northeastern University, 




Fall Meeting, October 6-7, 1950 
New Ocean House, Swampscott 


Friday, October 6, 19$0 
1:30 P. M, Registration 

2:30 P. -!, Panel Discussion: "Intercultural Action Through the Libraiy," 

Chairman, Edna Phillips, Librarian, Norwood Public 
Library, and Chairman, 19l4.1t-1950, Committee on Inter- 
cultural Action, American Library Association, 

Panel Tfembers: 

David K, Berninghauscn, Librarian, Cooper Union 
for the Advancement of Science and Art Librax-y, New 
York, and Chairman, Committee on Intellectual Freedom, 
American Library Association, 

Dorothy Homer, Librarian, 135th St, Branch, New 
York Public Library, 

Alice O'Connor, Chief, Division of Immigration, 
Ifessachusetts Department of Education. 

Other participants to be announced in printed 

U:30 P. M, Business meeting of the Association, 

■ii- ■»• -Or -»• ■«• ^i- ■«■ it -yc -» 

8:00 P, M, Speaker: Henry C. lYolfe, Foreign Affairs Expert, Correspondent, 

Lecturer, Author of "The German Octopus", "Human Dynamite", 
and "The Imperial Soviets", 

Subject: "What's Happening in World Affairs," 

« * i;- * -» -x- -K- -;;■ -Ji- •«■ 


Satixrday, October 7, 195^0 

9:U5 A, M» Speaker: llrs Ilildred Van Deusen ITathews, Supervisor, Adult 

Services, New York Public Library, 

Subject: "Good Reading - Can It Be Stimulated?" 

10:30 A. M, Panel Discussion; "If Not the People's University - Then Ihat?" 

Chairman, Miriam Putnam, Librarian, Memorial Library, 
Andover, and Chairman, Adult Education Section, Division 
of Public Libraries, American Library Association. 

Panel Members: 

Sigrid Edge, Professor of Library Science, Simmons 

Mildred Mathews', Supei'visor, Adult Services, Ne\7 
York Public Library. 

¥ayne Shirley, Librarian, Pratt Institute, and Dean, 
Library School. 

Thurston Taylor, Librarian, Worcester Free Public 

■Ji- n- -;{■ -X- a- -;(■ -;{• ^;- •)«■ -x- 

2:30 P. M. The Howins Lecture 

Introduction: Frederic G, I.Ielcher, President, R. R, Bowker Company, 
and Founder of the Hewans Lecture. 

Speaker: Jennie D, Lindquist, Managing Editor, Horn Book 

Subject: "Caroline M» Hewins and Books for Children." 

it -r<- -;!• -;f- -ii- -;s- -jf -;;- •«- ■>(■ 

The bowling season starts again I 
Opening night — Tuesday, September 26, 1950 

All those interested, get in touch with: 

Frank Bruno, Patent Room 
Arthur Mulloney, Statistical Department 





Published by the Boston Public Library Professional Staff Association 
Volume V, Number 10 Octobe r 1950 

Publications Cornmittee: Mildred R, Adelson, John M. Carroll, Eleanor DiGiannantonio, 

Mc Dorothy Crs^ckett Ekstrom, Sarah lU Usher, Chairman 

Public ation date : 
The fifto^jith of eaoh month 

Dea.dl ;i-n.v__f or _ submj tting ma terial : 


With the memory of a very successful 
meeting of the Massachusetts Lib.-ary Asso- 
ciation still fresh in oiir mindn, it seems 
a fitting time to recommend membership in 
this state-ivide professional organisation. 
The especially satisfying program was an 
exanple of ^vhat the Assc elation can bring 
to its members by way of inspiration and 
help in v;orking out problems ccrrjTion to all 
libraries regardless of sif-;e and locationt 

On the other hand, v:e should point out 
that meraber"hip in the Association is not 
a matter of receiving only, but also one 
of giving. For the Association to con- 
tinue to function progressively, it must 
have the active support of its members 
through prompt payment of dues, attendance 
at meetings, and participation in commit- 
tee work. Obviously this is as necessary 
in a state organization as we all know it 
to be in the BPLPSA, within one library. 

The I.Iassachusetts Library Association is 
now manifesting its positive interest in 
the welfare of libraries and librarians in 
the state by concerning itself with sur- 
veys of libraries made by non-library 
agencies, by continuing its sponsorship of 
the Conference on State Aid for Libraries 
in Ifessachusetts, and by taking a stand on 
the intellectual freedom resolution. Such 
interest on the part of the Association in 
the advancement of the profession of li- 
brarianship should be encouraged and sup- 
ported by membership in the Association, 

We venture to put into black and v/hite a 
comment often expressed verbally by as- 
sistants in the Boston Public Library, 
"ITiy should I join? My boss goes to every 
meeting, and I never have a chance to go." 
v'^e believe that heads of departments and 
branch librarians, in encouraging assist- 
ants to join the state organization, 
should assure them — and then put that 
assurance into practice — that they ?d.ll 

share eqLally with their chiefs in being 
allovred to take advantage of the Library's 
generous policy of granting time for at- 
tendance at meetings of the Massachusetts 
Library Association, 


New Staff Members 

Miss Mary V. Curado, Book Purchasing 
Department •< 

Tliss Gracemarie V, Alfe, North End 
Branch Library. (Miss Alfe has worked 
for a number of years in branch libraries 
as a part-time assistant). 


Mss Margaret Gallagher, Dorchester 
Branch Library, to lUr Robert A. Sagar of 
North Quincy, 


Jliss Lois M. Shoemaker, History Depart- 
ment, to be married and to live in Paris 
where her husband v;ill be studying at the 
Sorbonne . 

Mrs Victoria V. Cronin, Book Purchasing 
Department, to remain at home. 

JIrs Jean A. Norton, Connolly Branch Li- 
brary, to remain at home. 

Mlitary Service 

Ifr Michael Venezia, General Reference 
Department, entered United States Navy, 




On September 13, Miss Dorothy K. Becker 
and Miss Charlotte A. %ers were honored 
at a dinner in the Terrace Room of the 
Hotel Statler. Both girls vrere genuinely- 
surprised when each was presented with a 
gift. Miss Becker received a traveling 
clock in maroon alligator leather (as a 
poor substitute for the Lincoln car she 
really would have likedl), -iivhile Miss 
Myers vras presented with a sterling sil- 
ver scatter pin. The occasion was cli- 
maxed by crepes suzettes prepared by the 
"Captain" of the waiters himself, because, 
in his own words, we vrere "the nicest 
party in the room". The gay party final- 
ly ended much to everyone's sorrow, for 
the occasion had been a final get-togeth- 
er for the staff of North End Branch Li- 
brary with Miss Becker, who had been 
transferred to Connolly Branch Library, 
and with Miss I.^-ers, who was leaving the 
service. Both girls are being missed 
very much by both children and staff. 
North End recalls the days vdth Miss 
Becker and Miss Iv^ers ifath many pleasant 

On Thursday, September 28, a bridal 
shower was given in the Women's Lounge, 
in honor of Miss Patricia R. Taylor of 
the Book Stack Service. Pat vras present- 
ed with a collective gift from all her 
friends and well-wishers from this de- 
partment and other parts of the library. 

Another one of the girls of the Book 
Stack Service has joined the ranks of the 
young marrieds. On September U, Labor 
Day, Miss Gloria Oxman became the bride 
of Mr Arthur Becker of Connecticut, at 
the Southern House in Brookline in a 
quiet ceremony, officiated at by Rabbi 
Joseph Shubow. The bride, attended by 
her sister, wore a street-length, ice- 
blue satin suit with a matching hat and 
veil. A family reception followed the 
ceremony. The couple vn.ll make their 
home in Boston, 

At ten o'clock on Saturday, September 9, 
at St. Augustine's Church in South Boston, 
Miss Claire Sanderson of Kirstein Business 
Branch became the lovely bride of Mr 
Donald Grushey, a student at Boston Col- 
lege. She wore a beautiful off-the- 
shoulder gown of ivory satin with a back 
panier of Chantilly lace. The two brides- 
maids' gowns were of a dusty-rose lace, 
and the maid of honor wore a similar gown 
of nile-green lace. 

About one hundred guests joined the 
bride and groom in celebrating the wedding 
at Blinstrub's Village. Picturesque Lake 
George in New York was the location chosen 
for the honeymoon. 

At a candlelight service. Miss Adrienne 
I. Murray, of the Roslindale Branch Li- 
brary, vras married to Mr Edmond G. Dyett, 
Jr. on Saturday, September 16, at the 
Church of the Good Shepherd, V.'atertovm. 
The ceremony was performed by the bride's 
uncle. Reverend Sherrill Bronson Smith. 
The bride, who was given in marriage by 
her father, wore a gov/n of ivory slipper 
satin and Chantilly lace. Her net veil 
was trimmed iTith pearls and orange blos- 
soms. She carried a bouquet of white 
roses and white orchids. The matron of 
honor, Mrs Marion Sneath, cousin of the 
bride, wore turquoise satin and carried 
pink roses. The Staff of the Roslindale 
Branch Library attended the reception 
Virhich was held at the Parish House. Mr 
and Mrs Dyett are motoring through Canada 
on their honeymoon trip. 

Miss Fern Schoonmaker, assistant in the 
Children's Room of the Brighton Branch 
Library, was married to Mr Jasper Ingersoll 
on Saturday, September l6. The couple are 
residing in Cambridge while I.Ir Ingersoll 
continues his studies at Harvard. 


Mss Patricia R. Taylor of the Book 
Stack Service was given in marriage by 
her father, Mr Edward Taylor, when she 
became the bride of Pvt. James T. Halley 
of the U. S. Marine Corps, at St. Gregory's 
Church, Dorchester, on October 1. 


The bride was exquisitely goivned in 
traditional satin ivith a delicate lace 
bertha. Pat was attended by her sister, 
Miss Kathleen Taylor, who wore rose taf- 
feta, and the groom's sister, Patty Halley, 
who acted as flower girl and v/ore white 
printed organdy over a pale yellow under- 
skirt. A reception was held at the Kane 
Post in Dorchester, after which Pvt. and 
J.!rs Halley departed on a New York and 
Washington honeymoon. 

On Saturday morning, October 7, at a 
10 o'clock Nuptial Mass at St. 
Columbkille's Church, Brighton, Miss Rita 
R. McCarthy was married to Mr James P.J, 
Gannon of the Binding Department, 

A large gathering of relatives and 
friends attended the ceremony v^fhich was 
followed by a reception held at the Hotel 
Shelton, The couple later left by plane 
on their honeymoon. 


Mrs Helen Hirson, Office of Division of 
Home Reading and Community Services, 

Miss Elizabeth Kernachan, Parker Hill 
Branch Library, after an interrupted vaca- 
tion and a long siege of illness. 



While doing her Saturday marketing a 
few weeks ago. Miss Mary A. Hackett, 
Branch Librarian, Parker Hill Branch Li- 
brary, was knocked doivn by a gentleman 
and suffered a fractured right arm. Al- 
though the sling she has to wear is a won- 
derful conversation piece, she will be 
glad to discard it as soon as possible, 



Dr Harold I'^/hite, Librarian of the 
National Library of Australia. 

Dr L. r7. Sharp, Librarian, University of 

Miss Barbara Kyle, Librarian, Royal 
Institute of International Affairs, Londcan, 



Once again Father Time has entered the 
ranks of the "old timers" and taken by the 
hand one of our former co-workers, George 
H. Connor, 

Mr Connor was one of our pensioners and 
first came into the service in 1391; there- 
fore, he was one of the staff members of 
what was so fondly called by them, "the 
old building" on Boylston Street, 

Tilhen our present building was opened in 
1895, I'lr Connor v/as assigned to the Shelf 
Department, where he was in charge of all 
Central library books vAich required bind- 
ing, etc. He continued as a member of 
that department until he was retired in 
1937, In addition to being a member of 
the regular staff, he was also a member of 
the old Sunday and evening service. 

Mr Connor vra.s a charter member of the 
Employees' Benefit Association, and Vv^as a 
member of the original Quarter Century 

Although we should always look forward 
to the future, it is a matter of temporary 
pleasure to recall memories of past happy 
times spent together in many waysj for 
instance, at the regular monthly dinner of 
the "Tuesday Club", in which George took 
particular delightj or, at the gripping 
games of bid whist v/hich we all enjoyed, 
none more so than George. 

George was possessed of a disposition 
which made him very easy to get along with. 
He greatly disliked arg\iments, etc., which 
might prove a source of disagreeableness 
among his co-workers. 

The older members of the staff will al- 
ways hold in fond memory George H, Connor, 

Abraham Snyder 


The many friends of Miss Blanche E. 
Treiber, who was a member of the staff of 
the Roslindale Branch Library since 19W+, 
were saddened to learn of her sudden death 
on September 27. Although she had been 
with the Library only a few years, she had 
endeared herself to har co-workers and to 
the public. She had a great deal of en- 
thusiasm for her work and her love for 


people and books showed in her friendly- 
service to the public. Mss Treiber \vas 
an accomplished violinist, and before she 
entered the Boston Public Library in 19i43j 
she was a color chemist. 

Miss Treiber was a faithful member of 
the BPLPSA and a strong supporter of its 
cultural and social activities. She will 
be greatly missed by her friends and as- 


Those members of the staff who have 
worked v/ith Mi's Dora Feldman Bailey, who 
was Children's Librarian at South End 
Branch Library, will be interested to knavj 
that she is now in Paris studying lan- 
guages at the Alliance Francaise. IJrs 
Bailey served in the Army as a WAC and 
after her discharge went to Pratt Insti- 
tute Library School. She has been working 
for the last four years as Reference Li- 
brarian and Reader's Advisor in the Ne\v 
York Public Library. She is now on leave 
of absence for a year, and plans to travel 
through as many countries as possible be- 
fore her return to New York, 


The tea given on Saturday afternoon, 
September twenty- third, by HtLss Edith 
Guerrier had a dual significance. Not 
only was it the third annual get-together 
of the "Seventy Plus", it v;as also a cele- 
bration of Ivliss Guerrier' s eightieth 
birthday which had taken place the pre- 
vious Wednesday. Birthday cards, totalling 
nearly as many in number as the years they 
marked, were arranged on the raantlepiece. 
Flowers received on September twentieth 
were profuse and still beautiful. Pic- 
tures of the group were taken under the 
trees before the serving of tea. The high 
point in the afternoon came when Miss 
Guerrier xvas presented with a birthday 
cake topped by eighty c andles. This had 
been made and decorated by Miss Dorothy F. 

Colored slides taken this summer while 
Miss Peck, tiiss Morgan, and ll\lss Haviland 
traveled through England, Scotland, Yfeles, 
and parts of the continent were shoivn by 
Miss Haviland. 

In addition to Mrs Ada A. Andelman, 

Supervisor of Home Reading Services, 
Branch Librarians, Emeritus , who attended 
were: Misses Katie F. Albert, Mary E. 
Ames, M. Florence Cufflin, Clara L. 
Maxwell, Ifery M. Sullivan, Geneva Vfetson, 
Rebecca E. Willis. The following, who had 
been prevented from coming by various 
reasons, were missed: Branch Librarians, 
Emeritus , Ifrs Edith H. Bailey, Misses Anne 
M. Donovan, Carrie L. Morse, Katharine F. 
Muldoon, Katherine S. Rogan; Miss Alice M. 
Jordan, Supervisor of Work with Children, 
Emeritus , and Miss Marion A. McCarthy, 
Chief of Book Preparation Department, 

The "Caterers", under the chairmanship 
of Miss Dorothy F, Nourse, were Miss A, 
Virginia Haviland, Mrs Muriel C. Javelin, 
Misa Margaret A. Morgan, Miss Edna G, Peck, 
JIrs Gertrude "K. Stoddard, and Miss Sarah 
M. Usher, 


The fact that fall is here ^' all its 
attendant duties and the added fact that 
another Association year is drawing to a 
close was forcefully brought home to the 
Executive Board at the last meeting. The 
report of the nominating committee, ap- 
pointed to draw up a full slate of candi- 
dates for the annual election of officers 
to be held in January, 19$1, was presented 
to the Board. The committee has done a 
competent and thorough job. The slate of 
officers will be presented to the Associa- 
tion as a whole at the business meeting 
on November 17, 1950. Please read the by- 
lav-'s of the constitution regarding elec- 
tions in order that you may be prepared to 
carry on lAdiere the nominating committee 
left off. 

The fashion show long under discussion, 
has not been "shelved". Miss Mary A. 
Hackett, chairman of the Entertainment 
Committee, is still negotiating for a 
date and hopes for results in the near 
future . 

The opening of the Staff Concession will 
take place shortly. The unforeseen, not 
to mention the foreseen emergencies vj-hich 


develop when starting such a project are 
frequent. Ilovrever, the end, or rather 
the beginning, is in sight. Mr Aaron 
Starr, chairman of the Concessions Com- 
mittee reports that, with only an ordi- 
nary number of emergencies vri.thin the 
next couple of weeks, the Concession 
should be in operation in the very near 
future . 


The re-organized Bertha V. Hartzell 
Memorial Committee under the chairmanship 
of Geraldine M. Beck is now functioning 
as a special committee of the BPLPSA. 
According to the action of the Executive 
Board, this committee is to serve for one 
year "to bring into being and steer safe- 
ly through the first year the initial 
series of lectures to be given in memory 
of Mrs Hartzell and thus to serve as a 
model for future committees and to get 
the project off to a good start in the 
direction v/hich the Committee had hoped 
it vvould take." Your support and inter- 
est in this project is earnestly sought 
in order to carry it to a successful con- 


The President represented the BPLPSA at 
the meeting called by the Director and 
held in the Trustees' Room on Thursday, 
October 5* regarding the final ruling by 
the City Auditor concerning the basis of 
the rates of overtime compensation. 

The Association was represented at the 
funeral services for Lliss Blanche E. 
Treiber on Friday, October 6, by Iiliss 
Ruth S. Cannell. 

It was reported in the July (1950) is- 
sue of The Question Mark that a special 
Steering Committee had been appointed to 
draw up plans for the proposed series of 
workshops to be conducted during the 
spring of 1951. This committee under the 
chairmanship of Miss Evelyn Levy is now 
hard at work devising plans for the next 
In-Service Training Program. The commit- 
tee would appreciate your suggestions. 

It is hoped to have the workshops cover as 
wide a range of interests as is practical 
within a limited period of time. Miss 
Levy at the Brighton Branch Library will 
be glad to accept for the committee any 
suggestions concerning the workshops which 
staff members may have. 

Mrs Geraldine Herrick, chairman of the 
Program Committee has completed plans for 
the first fall meeting of the Association, 
For details of this meeting, see the last 
page. Remember this is not Mrs Herrick 's 
meeting. It is a meeting of your Asso- 
ciation, arranged for your pleasure by 
the Program Cominittee, If you do not at- 
tend you deprive yourself of a pleasant 
evening, deprive your friends of your 
company and deprive the Association of 
your support. Why not come and plan to 
avoid such wholesale "deprivation"? (It 
is T/vith deep regret that the President has 
to admit that a speaking engagement made 
several weeks ago makes it impossible for 
her to attend this fall meeting. However, 
Miss Ruth S. Cannell, the Vice President, 
will preside. It is also rumored that the 
Entertainment Committee is going to help 
out on that score by providing refresh- 
ments) , 

The Executive Board was happy to have 
the opportunity to share, in a small way, 
in the entertainment of the four guests 
from Germany. A full report of their 
visit Tidth us is given elsevdiere in this 


Remember - November 17 - BPLPSA Business 
meeting in the BPL Lecture Hall, at 9 A, M, 



On Thursday, October 5, '^fr Alexander J, 
Lambrinudi was interviev;ed by Bill Hahn on 
VffiAC-TV. This was arranged in connection 
with the series of lectures on "Ancient 
Greece and Atomic Energy" which Mr 
Lambrinudi began in the Boston Public Li- 
brary lecture hall that same evening. 


He showed articles made in Greece. 

On Friday, October 13, Mr John 17. Tuley, 
was interviewed by Bill Hahn on ITOAC-TV 
in connection v/ith Fire Prevention lYeek. 
He emphasized especially the exhibits be- 
ing held in Central library and in many 
of the branch libraries, 

IN THE 3.P.L, 


Come, stranger, linger here a little 

Forget the thirty-eighth red parallel, 
The moi-inting tax: allow your eyes to 

On rare old volumes open in the case: 
Note here the Roman, there the Gothic 

The woodcut titles T.dth long tales to 

And vellum manuscripts that work their 

With gold-illumed initials' pious grace. 

Passions and hopes and dreams lie in 

these pages. 
Preserved like insects in the amber's 

And thoughts all kindred spirits 

Linger, to feel the pulse of other ages. 
Forbears of ours that, too, will soon be 

old - 
Then go, refreshed, to meet the day's 

demand 1 

M. M. 


A seven-year old boy made an unusual 
request. He wanted a "good" book for his 
mother and a "bad" one for his father. 
It was assumed that the boy was harboring 
a grudge against the father, but it was 
finally discovered by the questioning 
librarian that the oldest male member of 
the family likes murder stories! 

Another of our more precocious readers, 
twelve years old to be exact, came to the 

Bookmobile for a copy of Plato for his 
weekend reading. This was the comment he 
made when a librarian questioned his 
choice: "I have been reading children's 
books for many years and at my age find 
them very boring." 



A small boy returned his books long 
overdue. The librarian asked sympatheti- 
cally "LTiat was the matter? Were you sick?" 
"No," replied the youngster sadly, "we had 
a death in the family',, ''I'm very sorry 
to hear that", replied the librarian, 
"Yeah", said the boy, "my dog died." 



The follo^ving poem appeared in Joe 
Harrington's "All Sorts" column in a re- 
cent edition of T he Boston Post . Miss 
'.Yilson is a member of the Allston Branch 
Library Staff. 


(Pat Wilson, knccm to the readers of 
this column, experienced a nearly fatal 
accident at the Columbia rapid transit 
station at mid-summer. I doff the col- 
umnar bonnet to her high spirit and merry 
heart as she tells about it in verse.) 

I never did a single thing 
To warrant great attention 
I never did a single thing. 
That would defy convention. 
But everybody has his fling, 
To relish just a bit. 
And my turn came quite suddenly. 
For I fell in a subway pit. 
Now this is not a vropper 
And, my mind it did not fail. 
They call me a train-stopper 
For I hit on a live third rail. 

Beauty contests, I'd never win — 
But now I'll have my fun. 
For I've been elected unanimously — 
"Ivliss Voltage of '^1." 





Miss Westermann has had a period of ob- 
servation and experience in Washington, 
I.lrs Schiffman in Baltimore, and Misses 
The first week in October was character-llletz and Kull in New York. It was felt by 


ized by visits to Boston by a number of 
individuals distinguished in library cir- 
cles, the most distinguished being the 
former Prefect of the Vatican Library in 
Rome, who is now His Eminence Eugene 
Cardinal Tisserant, the second- ranking 
member of the College of Cardinals. Al- 
though his brief visit of little more 
than twenty-four hoiors in Boston would 
not permit His Emi.nence to visit the 
Library, he had word telephoned on in ad- 
vance of his coining to Boston that he 
wished while here to renew vdth the 
Director of the Library old ties of 
friendship from earlier days in Rome. A 
happy arrangement to make this possible 
was brought into being when His Exce]J.ency 
Archbishop Cushing graciously invited Mr 
Lord to lunch vdth himself. His Eminence, 
His Excellency Bishop T'acKenzie, Monsi^or 
Ed's/ard G. Murray, the Rector of St. John's 
Seminary, and prominent clergy of the 
Archdiocese at the CathecYal Rectory im- 
mediately following a Pontifical Mass 
which was sung by the Cardinal on Friday 
morning, October 6. 



Among the many activities sponsored by 
the U. S. Department of State is the pro- 
gram to acquaint librarians of other 
coimtries with public library activities 
here in the United States. The Director 
of the Boston Public Library has always 
felt a particularly keen interest in this 
work and from time to time the Department 
of State has requested that he arrange 
for visitors from other countries to see 
something of libraries in this area. 

During the past month llr Lord arranged 
a program for Miss Elisabeth Hetz of 
Erlangen, Miss Ida Thekla Kull of Munich, 
Mrs Gerlinde Schiffraann of Frankfort, and 
Miss Ina 'Ycstermann of Stuttgart, These 
German visitors are librarians employed 
by the Department of State in the U. S. 
Infrrmation Centers (Amerika Kauser) in 
Germany, They have been in this country 
since June 1st and have toured some of 
the southern and western states. 

the Division of Libraries and Institutes 
of the Department of State that it vrauld 
be particularly desirable for these visi- 
tors to see something of the Nevj- England 
area and Mr Lord was requested by the De- 
partment to arrange for such a period of 

Our visitors spent an entire day in the 
Central Library building and also visited 
a number of our branch libraries. Members 
of the staff undertook to show them some- 
thing of the New England countryside and 
its historical landjnarks. Visits vrere 
made to Salem, Marblehead, Lexington, and 
Concord. Through entertaining in the hoirES 
of some of the members of the staff the 
visitors had a first-hand opportunity to 
learn something of Am.erican home life and 
customs. Members of the Executive Board 
of the Boston Public Library Professional 
Staff Association arranged for the visi- 
ter? to see a najcr league baseball game. 
The Boston Symynonj Orchestra generously 
made available tickets for the first of 
the Tuesday series of concerts. Dr Ke5'"es 
Ivletcalf arranged for a full day's visit to 
the libraries at Harvard University and Dr 
Vernon Tate arranged for a visit to the 
libraries of the Massachusetts Institute 
of Technology. The Division of Libraries 
and Institutes of the Department of State 
also requested the Division of Public Li- 
braries and Simmons College to aid in its 
program for our visitors » Mrs Genevieve 
Boisclair Galick of the Division of Public 
Libraries arranged for our visitors to ob- 
serve the regional work being carried on 
by the Division and to have an opportunity 
to see the beginning of the Conway experi- 
ment and tiie opening of the Youth Library 
in Fitchburg, Mr Kenneth R. Shaffer, 
Director of the School of Library Science, 
arranged for the visitors to see Simmons 

It is expected that our visitors vri.ll go 
on to Baltimore for the meeting of the 
Maryland Librar;>' Association and then to 
Richmond for ijie meetings r.f the State 
Librar;-/- Asso:;iaticn of Virginia and even- 
tually as far south as Georgia, 

We hope that our Genriin visitors will 
have found here much that vj-iil be of value 
to them in their Yvork. 

M. G. B. 



An exhibit in observance of Fire Pre- 
vention Vifeek, October 8 through October 
lU, is being held in the Puvis de 
Chavannes and Sargent Galleries, and the 
alcove outside the Open Shelf Department 
on the Main Floor of the Central Library 
from October 2 through October 31 • 

The famous Fire Alarm Box 52 and other 
relics of the Great Boston Fire, ■which 
took place in 1872, may be seen in the 
exhibit case outside the Open Shelf De- 
partment. The two silver fire trumpets 
date back to 1872 and I87O. The former 
■was given to the Boston Steam Fire Engine 
Company Tremont Conpany #13 by Rich and 
Stetson, proprietors of the Hovrard 
Athenaeum, in consideration of their 
noble service performed at the Great 
Boston Fire. The latter was given to the 
Northern Liberty Fire Engine Company hy 
their North End friends. The silver 
torch, used by firemen in 18U5> and the 
■water bucket, used for fires in I8II, are 
also on display. Box $2 and the other 
relics v.'ere lent by Frederick W, Kurth, 
President of Box 52, the oldest "spark" 
organization in the coimtry, active mem- 
bership in v/hich is limited to lOU mem- 
bers. They are drawn from all walks of 
life and are brought together by a common 
interest in fire fighting and fire pre- 

Books and rare pictures from the Rare 
Book, Fine Arts, and Science Technology 
Departments form part of the exhibit. 
Posters and pictures the causes of 
fire and fire prevention methods -vn.11 be 
phovm. at Charlesto-vm, Connolly, East 
Boston, Faneuil, Jeffries Point, Mattapan, 
Nenonset, North End, Parker Hill, 
Ph-_llips Brooks, South Boston, West End, 
c.nd West Roxbury Branch Libraries. Dur- 
ing the week the ].arger branch libraries 
y,-i"J. shovj- an eleven-minute film entitled 
?'or- e Dangerous than Dynamite . 

ilie posters and pamphlets were lent by 
Lef'tity Chief Edward M. Montgomery, in 
Ca-.rge of the Fire Prevention Division of 
tn:: Boston Fire Department, and by the 
Po.'tory Mutual Fire Insurance Company, 

The first alarm for the Boston fire, 
which started on Saturday night, November 
9.-. 1872 and burned for three days, v/as 
S3ni from Box 52, located on the corner 
of Lincoln and Bedford Streets. The 
cause of the fire was a spark "blovm out" 

of a furnace. The spark, which if noticed 
could have been put out vd-th the tip of a 
finger, lodged itself behind a board 
nailed to the wall. The board, near an 
elevator shaft, caught fire and the flames 
spread rapidly up the wall to every floor. 
The fire had made great headway before its 
discovery. To add to the catastrophe of 
the fire, a general distemper had broken 
out among the horses of the fire depart- 
ment and many of the engines had to be 
propelled by manual labor. 

The block in v;hich the fire s'tarted was 
located at the corner of Summer and 
Kingston Streets. Included among the oc- 
cupants of the block were a wholesale 
dairy products concern and several hoop- 
skirt man^ofacturers. In the holocaust, 
vrell-built edifices covering sixty-five 
acres along street after street were 
burned at a loss of about $80 million. 

On October 11 at 12 noon, the drill team 
of the Boston Fire Department staged its 
annual demonstration and drill in Copley 
Square in front of the Boston Public Li- 
brary. Mr John J. Crehan, Deputy Chief 
and Drillmaster, Boston Fire Department, 
Mias in charge, Mr Michael T. Kelleher, 
Fire Commissioner, was the speaker. 


Announcement is made at this time con- 
cerning the establishment of the BERTHA V. 
HARTZELL LECTURES, a series of lectures on 
professional library subjects, to be given 
once a year under the auspices of the Pro- 
fessional Staff Association and adminis- 
tered directly by the Executive Board. 
The establishment of the Lectureship, as 
the final form of the Bertha V. Hartzell 
Memorial, follows as the result of ■the 
contributions and suggestions from inter- 
ested members of the staff and former as- 

The money which has been contributed to 
the Memorial Fund will be used to defray 
expenses of one lect^ure each year until 
the Fund is exhausted. It is estimated 
that tliere 110.11 be sufficient money to 
carry this program through four or five 
years and it is the hope of the present 
Committee that means may be found at that 
time for the continuance of the lectures 
on a permanent basis. 



vrill be held during the early Spring of 
195lj "the speaker, subject and date to be 

The original Bertha V. Hartzell Memori- 
al Committee has been asked to serve as a 
Special Committee of the Association to 
bring into being and steer through the 
first year the initial lecture of the 
series. The Committee has been given to 
understand that there are individuals who 
have not as yet contributed to the Mem- 
orial Fund, but who had expressed a de- 
sire to do so when the final form of the 
Memorial was established. The contribu- 
tions will be greatly appreciated now, 
and may be sent to MRS BERTHA. KESWICK in 
til October 23, 19^0. Checks may be made 
payable to I.lrs Keswick. Announcement ■mill 
be made after that date as to the total 
sum comprising the Memorial Fund. 


Geraldine T. Beck, Chairman 
Anne Coleman, Secretary 
Bertha Keswick, Treasurer 
Elinor Day 
Charles Gillis 
Evelyn Levy 
Dorothy Shaw 
Pauline A. TiTalker 
Kathleen M. IToodworth 


Once again the Book Preparation Depart- 
ment has expanded its quarters and has 
taken over the mezzanine floor above its 
present location. A v/all has been broken 
through to Stack 3 Annex and books are 
delivered through this entrance. 

Freshly painted walls, bright fluores- 
cent lights, and nevily covered tile 
flooring blend well with the linoleum 
covered tables. All book preparation 
activities for the Division of Reference 
and Research Services are being performed 
at this new location. 

Over the long years the preparation of 
books for shelves has followed a pattern 

of pasting, lettering, and stylusing — 
all by hand. Now the machine age has come 
to the Department. The library has pur- 
chased two electric motor-driven pasting 
machines, an electric motor-driven edging 
machine, and two double carriage typevirrit- 
ers ^uith quarter inch type. 

Previously when a book plate vras hand- 
pasted, it was necessary to have the book 
kept open to dry for a considerable length 
of time before ink could be used for let- 
tering on the book-plate. At a time vfhen 
hundreds of books were pasted, space to 
spread these opened books presented a def- 
inite problem. Now when a paper book- 
plate is used, the classification number 
is typed on the book-plate whish is then 
put through the pasting machine, and 
placed in position on the inside cover of 
the book. Pockets and labels are put 
through the pasting machines and placed in 
position without rubbing or the danger of 
having the paste spread onto another part 
of t he book, 

ViQien plastic covers are used over book 
jackets or wall paper covers, the edging 
machine is used to paste the edge of the 
jacket covers onto the inside of the book. 

Hand lettering has been superseded by 
one-quarter inch letters. Instead of hand 
stylusing the complete shelf number of a 
non-fiction book on the spine, the class 
number plus the first letter of the Cutter 
number is typed on a small paper label and 
placed on the lower spine of the book 
jacket under the plastic covering. 

These machines have proven that labor 
and material can be conserved, while at 
the same time the results present a more 
attractive uniformity than could be ob- 
tained by hand work, 

Mary McDonough 




The fall meeting of the MLA, which took 
place as scheduled on October 6 and ?> was 
extremely successful. Congratulations are 
due those who planned the program and car- 
ried out all the details of the meeting. 
Vfe give here some writeups of the various 
sessions, which have been prepared by 
staff meraborSi 


Intercultural Action Throu,p:h the Library 

Chairman of this panel discussion was 
Miss Edna Phillips, Librarian of Morrill 
Memorial Library, Norwood, and Chairman, 
I9UU-I950, of the A.L.A. Committee on 
Intercultural Action. Members of the 
panel were: Miss Alice O'Connor, Super- 
visor of Social Service in the Division 
of Immigration and Americanization of the 
Massachusetts Department of Education; 
Miss Elizabeth Hodges, Librarian, Leom- 
inster Public Library; Mr David K, 
Berninghausen, Librarian, Cooper Union 
for the Advancement of Science and Art, 
New York, and Chairman of the A.L.A, Com- 
mittee on Intellectual Freedom; and Mrs 
Dorothy Homer, Librarian, 135th Street 
Branch, New York Public Library. 

Miss O'Connor, ivhose work brings her 
into contact with displaced persons from 
Europe, said that many of these people 
are professionals and intellectuals who 
are not finding opportunities to practise 
their chosen professions in this country. 
In 90 cities and toims of this State 
there are no educational facilities for 
displaced persons who have settled there. 
Miss O'Connor believes that public librar- 
ies can help these people to adapt them- 
selves to American culture by means of 
books, both in English and foreign lan- 
guages, and other materials in the li- 
braries. The libraries, she believes, 
should recognize the cultures of the many 
ethnic groups among the displaced people 
by, for example, exhibiting their arts, 
crafts, etc. 

Miss Hodges had as the theme of her 
talk that every library is a center for 
intercultural action. She emphasized the 
Importance of promoting the use of books 
in the intercultural field, which can ac- 
quaint readers with the problems here in 
A.norica resulting from many groups of 
\aried races and creeds living side by 
si(".e. Miss Hodges urged librarians to 
imke use of all library materials — 
fil'.ms, booklists and records — to pro- 
mote appreciation and understanding of 
the cultures of the foreign members of 
cnr respective communities, 

l/Ir Berninghausen talked about intellec- 
tual freedom. He believed that in cases 
where minority groups believe their group 
to be attacked by books or magazine 

articles, these minority groups should not 
rely on their ovm methods of opposing the 
Avritings, such as banning books and arti- 
cles, in order to defend the dignity of 
their particular group. Such methods, he 
claimed impair intellectual freedom and 
create more ill-feeling toward the minori- 
ty group in question than the books and 
articles cited as attacking the group. 
Since artists portray life as they find it, 
Mr Berninghausen considers forbidding an 
artist to portray a minority group in a 
certain light as impairing the integrity 
of that artist's work, 

Mrs Homer, the librarian of a branch li- 
brary located in Nevf York's Harlem dis- 
trict, advocated the use of booklists 
which show a minority group in a fair 
light. She stressed the importance of 
such books being put into the hands of 
children, but admitted that the home and 
environment of a child really forms his 
attitudes toward other races and creeds. 

There was a brief period of questioning 
between the members of the panel, and a 
few questions were put to the panel from 
the audience, 

Paul V. Moynihan 

Business Meeting 

The business meeting was called to order 
at l;:liO p.m. The minutes of the last meet- 
ing were read and approved, as vras the re- 
port of the Treasurer, 

The report of the Committee on the Re- 
vision of By-Laws v;as presented by Mss 
Gertrude Callahan. It was then unanimous- 
ly voted that, inasmuch as the Standards 
Committee is no longer necessary. Section 
ii, Article IX, of the By-Lav/s be abolished 
and Section 11 of Article IX become Section 

A resolution requesting the establish- 
ment of a section of the Massachusetts Li- 
brary Association to be known as the Round 
Table of Librarians for Young Adults vras 
read. Under MLA By-Laws, members who are 
engaged in similar work may organize into 
a section by first petitioning the Execu- 
tive Board. If the Board gives such a 
petition favorable consideration, it is 
then presented to the Association for ac- 
tion. Inasmuch as all requirements had 
been complied vjlth, it was unanimously 
voted that this group be allo^ved to form 
as The Round Table of Librarians for Young 


Adults as a Section of the Massachusetts 
Library Association. 

Since the last meeting there has been 
further action on the resolution concern- 
ing libraries as part of community surveys 
made by non-library acrents (See Resolution 
in IvILA Bulletin , April 195^0, p. 31). ^tr 
Richard Sullivan reported on this. Two 
librarians who had had recent experience 
with survey groups had been asked to come 
to a meeting of the Executive Board — Miss 
Edith Snow of Swampscott and Miss Christine 
Evarts of ITeymouth. The feeling vias that 
libraries and librarians are not getting a 
very good deal from survey groups and that 
something should be done about it. Boards 
of Trustees are being overlooked and li- 
brarians are being classified vdth all 
sorts of people, including bath house at- 
tendants. By vote of the Executive Board 
a committee, consisting of Miss Louise B. 
Day, President, Miss Catherine M. Yerxa, 
Vice President, Mr Richard Sullivan, '.'Irs 
Genevieve Galick, and lie Stacy Southworth 
had met v.dth I.Ir Charles Evans of Griffen- 
hagen Associates, a survey-making organi- 
zation. The committee felt th^at the meet- 
ing was worthv^iile. Mr Evans v;as told 
about MLA, ALA, and T>rhat librarians are 
trying to do. Stress vras put on standing 
of boards of trustees. As a result of the 
meeting, letters have been presented to 
Mr Evans — one from Miss Day as President 
of MLA, concerning the services of the As- 
sociation for the purposes of consultation, 
and one from Mr Southworth offering the 
services, files, and all material on hand 
in the Division of Public Libraries, 

Miss Day added that if surveys of li- 
braries are going to be made in our state, 
it is most important that those who make 
the surveys realize that libraries do have 
professional standards. She pointed out 
that while larger libraries may have weight 
enough to carry themselves along, smaller 
libraries should be helped by having the 
state association back of them. It had 
been made clear to Mr Evans that libraries 
are not against surveys nor do they feel 
that libraries are perfect, but they be- 
lieve that when patterns are cut by which 
surveys of libraries are made, patterns 
should be cut that make sense with library 
programs. She asked that librarians keep 
the Association informed on the survey 
situation throughout the state. 

After the question of continued sponsor- 
ship by the Association of the Conference 

on State Aid for Libraries in Massachusetts 
had been discussed at some length, it was 
unanimously voted that the Massachusetts 
Library Association should continue as one 
of the sponsors, 

Thanlcs vrere extended to Mr Ralph Nason 
for his splendid work as Editor of the 
MLA Bulletin, The new Editor was announced 

to be Mss Alice Cahill of the Division of 
Public Libraries, with Miss Charlotte 
Bausman actinr]; as Chairman of the Publica- 
tions Committee. Coverage proposed for 
four issues in 19^1 was outlined. 

Miss Ruth Porritt, for the Committee on 
Intellectual Freedom, presented for adop- 
tion by the Association the resolution on 
intellectual freedom adopted by the Ameri- 
can Library Association in Cleveland in 
July, The vote for adoption vras unanimous, 

¥iTS Muriel Javelin extended an invita- 
tion to MLA members to attend the Third 
Annual Institute on Human Relations, spon- 
sored by the Boston Public Library and the 
National Conference of Christians and Jews, 
to be held at the Boston Public Library on 
Saturday, October 28, 

Mr Robert H. Sillon extended an invita- 
tion to catalogers and classifiers to at- 
tend the meeting of the Regional Group 
which is to be held at the Brookline Pub- 
lic Library on Saturday, October 21. 

The meeting adjourned at 500 p.m. 

Sarah M, Usher 

VJhat^s Happening in World Affairs ? 

According to Mr Henry C. V/olfe, foreign 
affairs expert, correspondent, lecturer, 
and author, neither the people of the 
world nor their rulers understand fully 
what is happening to the social, political, 
and economic status of the v;orld. No one 
knows vihat Stalin's next move will be, 
nor, for that matter, do v.-e know what 
President Truman and Congress vdll decide 
to do the next time an international crisis 
occiirs. Possibly Stalin thought that the 
United States and the United Nations had 
double-crossed him when they Vv'ent into 
Korea. Our intervention became inevitable 
because of public opinion. YJe are living 
in a dangerous but interesting age when 
the morale and spirit of our people are 
more important to our survival than either 
our armaments or our industrial potential, 
\"e learn from history that no great nation 
was ever permanentlj'" destroyed by great 


armies from without, but by weakness from 
within. The American way of life will 
survive in spite of the atomic bomb be- 
cause the spirit of our people is sound. 
Mr Wolfe reached this conclusion from 
talking with our soldiers in World Vifar II 
and in the recent Korean conflict. Even 
though the average soldier knows nothing 
about power politics, his love for his 
country is so overwhelming that he is 
willing to give his life to preserve our 
American democratic institutions. 

Mr Vfolfe stated that for thirty- three 
years he has been making almost yearly 
trips to Europe to study political and 
social conditions. Two of the countries 
to which he has returned many times are 
Germany and Jugoslavia, his latest visit 
being that of last spring. Because of 
the tension betvreen Tito and Stalin, 
Jugoslavia is one of the "hotspots" of 
the world. The people of the United 
States who know very little of the back- 
ground of this tension will be called 
upon to make some very important decisions 
regarding Jugoslavia in the next few 

The only country in the Balkans with a 
strong army is Jugoslavia, where it has 
been built up over the years by Tito and 
his loyal officers. The root of the 
trouble between Tito and Stalin stems 
from the fact that Tito vrauld not permit 
Jugoslavia to become another Russian 
satellite state. Tito maintains that the 
only true commxmism is novf being prac- 
ticed in Jugoslavia and that Russia has 
become an imperialistic state. When Tito 
discovered that Russia expected Jugoslavj.a 
to supply her with food and raw materials 
at a very lovi price, and that Russia 
would pay for these with machines and 
equipment at a very high price, Tito 
called off the deal. Like any good busi- 
nessman Tito prefers to buy cheaply and 
to sell to the highest bidder. Therefore 
he turned to the western democracies for 
aid, and closed the Jugoslavian frontiers 
to the Russians. This policy has operated 
to our advantage in stopping the Greek 
Civil War, for the supplies and armaments 
poured into Greece by the United States 
and Great Britain were of no avail as 
long as communists from Jugoslavia could 
cross the border at night and reinforce 
the Greek communists. Since Tito closed 
the borders the civil war in Greece has 
been practically over. The drought of 

the past summer in Jugoslavia ruined the 
country's food supply, so the United 
States will have to decide whether we are ■ 
to feed the people or allow them to die \ 
from starvation. 

The old bogy "balance of power" is again 
becoming respectable, for it is quite gen- 
erally believed that only by building up 
alliances against Soviet Russia can vrest- 
ern Europe and the United States avoid 
Yiforld War III. The best buffer state is 
Jugoslavia for she has a well trained army 
of 500,000 men. The communists are only 
3% of the population but they are able to 
continue in power because the majority of 
the people respect Tito and consider him a 
real patriot. It is true that by support- 
ing Jugoslavia we are taking a calculated 
risk since Tito is an avowed communist and 
an enemy of our form of government. But 
the alternative to this is to allovf Stalin 
to crush Tito and get control of the Medi- 
terranean and the Adriatic Seas. Congress, 
the President, and the American people 
have a grave decision to make, but the 
question should be handled realistically. 

The other dilemma facing us is the re- 
arming of Germany. Do vi§ again vrant a 
militaristic Germany to threaten the peace 
of Europe? ViTill a rearmed Germany work 
with the western powers to maintain peace 
and to defend Germany against Soviet Rus- 
sia? Here, again, no one really knows the 
correct answer, and Congress and the Amer- 
ican people must realize that this is 
another calculated risk. One thing how- 
ever has changed in Germany, and that is 
the apparent lack of interest of the young 
Germans in serving in the army. This may 
be due to the tremendous fear of Soviet 
Russia which exists in western Germany, 
The general opinion in western Europe seens 
to be that only fear of the atomic bomb 
prevents Russia from marching into western 
Europe. The answer seems to be that we 
must build a "situation of strength" in 
western Europe, 

"I wish I could tell you that everything 
will be all right, but this would be de- 
ceiving. We are in for a long pull." 
Maybe tvro generations will be required to 
settle the question definitely. ''.'.T-iether 
we \dn or lose v/ill depend upon who are 
the best chess players. The most hopeful 
sign is Tito's idea that the conflicting 
policies vdthin Russia viill destroy her. 
The great need is for a strong spiritual 
awakening 'Which will engender the moral 


forces necessary to combat conmunism. 
Only through great sacrifices and strong 
world leadership of the United States can 
the western democracies survive. All the 
world is looking to us for leadership. 
We must not fail them. 

Theodora B. Scoff 


Good Reading — Can It Be Stimulated ? 

Mrs Mildred Van Deusen Mathevra, Super- 
visor, Adult Services, Nevi York Public 
Library, began by quoting Lovrell Martin's 
concepts of public library service cover- 
ing three periods in the history of pub- 
lic library development in this country; 

(1) The Period of Source of Supply — 
purchasing, cataloging, placing needed 
materials on the shelves for the public; 

(2) Period of reading guidance which 
began in the 1920 's, and (3) The Stimu- 
lation Period. 

Under the heading of general or indi- 
rect guidance, she considered organiza- 
tion and arrangement of collections by 
subject matter; the value of exhibits and 
displays, both in the library and in othe^ 
places throughout the community; and book 
selection as a fundamental x:a.y of stimu- 
lating and guiding people. She empha- 
sized the need for setting standards of 
book selection. 

Mrs I.lathev/s discussed direct guidance 
through floor vrork and readers' advisory 
services, v;arning of the dangers of be- 
coming too involved in administrative de- 
tails, and called attention to the value 
of allowing oneself time for personal 
reading. As an example of an invaluable 
c?id in readers' advisory work in the New 
York Public Library, she told of the de- 
velopment of a classified, annotated card 
file of books — classified in the vray 
the public asks for books, rather than in 
etrict catalog arrangement. 

?he value of book lists, short and long, 
T/as brought out; not only book lists pre- 
pared by the library but those available 
from such organizations as the Foreign 
Policy Association, the League of Tfomen 
Voters, etc. 

In discussing the value of book talks 
by staff members, she gave examples of 
undertakings in New York, including 

"Noon Hour Book Talks" and a vreekly radio 
broadcast called "Dark Horses". She urged 
librarians to go out after invitations to 
give book talks if such invitations do not 
come to them. 

Under the value of library-sponsored 
groups to promote good reading, J-Irs Mathews 
discussed the so-called Book Centered 
Groups (Books Reviewers, Great Books Grovps, 
Exploring the American Idea Gr.-5up); Idea- 
Centered Groups (Ciirrent Events Groups); 
and Film-Centered Groups (for discussion 
of films ) , 

Services given to community groups, such 
as "Live Longer and liike It" groups, trade- 
unions, city institutions, business groups, 
parents groups, etc., were cited as a means 
of bringing the library and the community 
closer together. 

In closing her very profitable talk, Mrs 
Mathews left vath the group some thoughts 
expressed by Carl Milam: The public li- 
brary must concentrate on persons who have 
some purpose in their reading; must be a- 
ware of the important social, economic, 
and political problems; and much not tell 
people vfhat to think, but help them decide 
vfhat to think about. 

Pauline Hinnick 

If Not The People's University— Then T-Tiat? 

The panel discussion was under the lead- 
ership of Hiss Miriam Putnam, Librarian, 
Memorial Library, Andover, and Chairman, 
Adult Education Section, ALA Division of 
Public Libraries. The panel members vrere 
Hiss Sigrid Edge, Simmons College, J'lrs 
Mildred Mathews, New York Public Library, 
Mr ?.'ayne Shirley, Pratt Institute, and Jfr 
Thurston Taylor, Worcester Public Library. 
Three questions were tossed back and forth 
in lively fashion: Just what is Library 
Adult Education? YJhat activities of li- 
braries can be called ad\LLt education? 
TJhat should the book selection policy of 
libraries be in regard to best sellers, 
controversial books, trivial books, etc.? 
Vifhile the audience was still in a state of 
mental debate over one question and its 
ramifications, the panel, under the skill- 
ful guidance and excellent timing of Miss 
Putnam, would have passed on to another. 
The result was most provacativcc The last 
fifteen minutes v.'ere spent in a "buzz ses- 
sion", in which the v;hole audience 


participated, considering four questions 
put to them by Miss Sigrid Edge: 1. 
Should the Library buy light fiction? 2. 
Should the Library buy controversial 
books? 3. Should the Library be the 
leader or the follower in the community? 
U. Should the Library buy new books im- 
mediately on publication? 

Evelyn Levy 


llrs Jennie E. Lindquist, Managing Edi- 
tor of the HORN BOOK, gave the third 
Hewins Lecture, Caroline M. Hewins and 
Books for Children , Her presentation was 
clear and delightful. She made Caroline 
Hewins vividly alive to her audience. 

Inasmuch as the Hewins Lectures are 
printed in full in the HORN BOOK, and are 
later published in book form, no summary 
of this particular one is given here, 


Members of the staff of the Boston Pub- 
lic Library will be particularly inter- 
ested in the announcement that Jlr Louis 
Felix Ranlett, Librarian, Bangor Public 
Library, will give the Hewins Lecture in 
195lj on the subject The Youth's Compan - 
ion . Mr Ranlett is pleasantly remembered 
here as former Chief of the Book Selec- 
tion Department, 


Members of the Association were privi- 
leged to have the opportunity of meeting 
the four librarians from Germany who had 
been introduced at the opening of the 
morning session by Mr Milton E. Lord. He 
told briefly of their six months' visit 
in this country, 


One of our bleaker September days this 
year was marked by a line of sad-visaged 
people crossing and re-crossing Blagden 
Street. All staggered slightly under 
double burdens of sorrow and strangely- 
shaped bundles. Those of us v^ho had fre- 
quented Liggett 's these many years were 

going to bid a last farewell to old 
friends — and if the bids were for the 
lowest price on an electric toaster or a 
bent tube of shaving-cream, think not the 
less of us. It is a sign of the inarticu- 
lateness of our generation to conceal emo- 
tion under banter. 

Having spent a bemused and befuddled 
year in a class on the Library as a Social 
Institution, I feel qualified to say that 
our Liggett 's must be considered as such. 
It was a retreat and a meeting-place like 
the side-walk cafes of Paris. If you sat 
on a stool there long enough, not only did 
your leg fall asleep, but you met everyone 
on the staff. I particularly enjoyed the 
invigorating exercise of firmly grasping 
the counter and with a supple movement of 
the hip vrorking ray way from one seat to 
another, up and down the counter, to keep 
abreast of the population — shifts which 
all institutions eventually face. 

On most occasions every face at the 
lunch counter was a familiar one, and I 
must confess that a childish resentment 
was likely to be ray reaction to a stranger 
occupying a stool where I had squatter's 

Marie, Mary, Kay, and Margaret, Doris 
and her sister Mary, and Mr Ames, were old 
and tried friends to all of us. Never 
again will we have our morning coffee in 
such a pleasant, congenial atmosphere 
where your personal taste in shaving-creara, 
cigarettes, coffee-half, and no-mayonnaise 
were recognized and cheerfully remembered, 
and where we v;ere friends first and cus- 
tomers second, 



Charles town 

On November 13 to 20, the Young People's 
Room will feature a display of the work of 
Kate Greenaway. An exhibit has been bor- 
rowed which includes not only those books 
in which her illustrations appear but also 
a collection of picture cards which Miss 
Greenaway illustrated for book marks and 
to advertise many products of her day. Of 
particular interest is the Birthday Book , 
which includes an illustrated verse for 
each day of the year. The illustrations 
are done in black and white line work, and 
each tiny figure represents the verse by 
which it stands. Miss Greenaway 's work is 


a startling contrast to our modem illus- 
trators in the delicacy of its colors and 
the quaint charm which the figures reflect. 


In observance of Jevdsh Book Month, Rabbi 
Routtenberg will be the principal speaker 
on November 30 at 8:30 p.m. His subject 
will be "Highlights of tlie literary output 
in the Field of Judaica in the Year". All 
are cordially invited to attend. 

Parker Hill 

The children's story hour will begin 
again every Thursday afternoon with Mr and 
I.'Irs Cronan presiding. Both the storytell- 
ers and the children are looking f orw.'ard 
to this weekly event. 


The shov/ing of movies has already 
started both for the adults and the chil- 
dren on Monday afternoon and evening tv«'ice 
a month, 

Phillips Brooks 

Friends of the Phillips Brooks Branch 
Library have planned a busy season for 
1950-51. Beginning mth a program on 
October 19, when Miss Edna G. Peck will 
review the new "fall favorites," they have 
a meeting scheduled for the third Thursday 
of each month. A program committee and a 
membership committee have been appointed 
to enlarge the membership of the group and 
to carry on the program. 

A community gathering of over 80 parents 
and children concluded the summer reading 
club's season on Thursday evening, Septem- 
ber 7. After summer reading certificates 
were a^varded to 57 boys and girls, the 
young people provided the entertainment 
for the evening. Highlight of the program 
was the presentation of an original puppet 
play, "Pinocchio Finds Out about Books," 
under the direction of Miss Gracemarie V. 
Alfe and Miss F. Laurelle '.Test. The cast 
of twelve favorite book character puppets, 
made by the children during the summer, 
included such favorites as r.'Iary Poppins, 
Stormalong and Paul Bunyan (two rivals who 
engaged in a tug-of-war) , Homer Price and 
Mother Goose. 

Vfest End 

On Friday afternoon, September l5j six- 
teen children, all members of the Summer 
Reading Club, visited the Longfellow House 
in Cambrido;e under the leadership of Miss 
Fanny Goldstein, Branch Librarian, Miss 
Elinor Day, Children's Librarian, and Miss 
Helen E. Colgan, Assistant. Thomas 
de Valcourt of Longfellow House received 
the group and gave a delightful talk on 
the history of the house and the circum- 
stances surrounding the writing of many of 
Longfellow's poems. The children were 
especially interested in his account of 
the vn-iting of THE CHILDREN'S HOUR, of 
Washington's stay at the house during the 
Revolution, and of the chair made from the 
wood of the famous chestnut tree mentioned 
in THE VILLAGE HTJ^CKSMITH. The group was 
then conducted through the downstairs 
rooms and out into the garden, v;hich is 
still kept much as it was in Longfellow's 
day. Mr de Valcourt proved to be an ideal 
host, most cordial and sympathetic with 
the children, and anxious to answer their 
many questions. He also expressed his in- 
terest in the children themselves when 
they were introduced to him by name, 
noting various nationalities represented: 
French, Italian, Jewish, Irish, German, 
Polish, Scotch, English and Russian, The 
afternoon was both pleasant and profitable 
for all concerned, and, coupled vrith the 
program of the next day, vras a fitting 
finale for the Summer's activities. 

On Saturday morning, September l6, a 
party was given in honor of the tvrenty- 
three children vriio had successfully com- 
pleted the Summer Reading Club require- 
ments. As special guest for the occasion, 
Miss Laurel Bethe, well-known storyteller 
and radio speaker, charmed the children 
with her unusually spirited interpreta- 
HIS BROTHERS. Miss Goldstein and Miss Day 
addressed the group briefly and awarded 
the certificates and book prizes for the 
four who had read the greatest number of 
books during the Summer. Ice cream and 
cookies vrere served, and the long-awaited 
party vias over for another year. 

On Friday, September 22, Miss Fanny 


Goldsteinj Branch Librarian, left on a 
three-week vacation to Florida and the West 
Indies. Her Staff presented her with an 
assortment of sweets to help while away 
the long train journey. On her way to 
Florida, she stopped for a week-end visit 
at Coliirabia, S. C. with Mr and Mrs Dial 
C order, Mrs C order used to work at the 
West End Branch Library. 

During the first two weeks in October 
there is being exhibited 23 costumed 
bisque and china dolls, which were col- 
lected and dressed by a patron. Miss 
Christine Woollett, 12^ Charles Street. 
Many of the dolls are over a hundred years 
old, and have great historic value. This 
exhibit, supplemented by pictures, books, 
and posters on the subject, has proved a 
source of delight for both children and 
grown-ups . 

October 1? ushers in United Nations Week, 
and there will be featured an exhibit on 
this theme the last two iveeks in October. 
The exhibit will include many pamphlets 
put out by the United Nations, portraits 
of leading personalities, and material on 
the history and achievement of this im- 
portant organization. Much of the material 
has been assembled and lent through the 
courtesy of the United Council on World 



Williams, Ben Ames 
ChYen Glen. 
Boston, Houghton Mifflin, 1950 


Burnett, Whit, ed. 

105 greatest living authors present the 
world's best stories, humor, drama, 
biography, history, essays, poetry. 
New York, Dial Press, 19^0 

Douglas, Ifery T. 

The teacher-librarian's handbook. 2nd 

Chicago, A.L.A., 19U9 
Kelly, Amy R. 

Eleanor of Acquitaine and the four kings. 

Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 

Morris, Lloyd R. 

Not so long ago. 

Ne^Y York, Random House, 19i4.9 
Rufsvold, Margaret I. 

Audio-visual school library service 

Chicago, A.L.A., 19h9 



Any contribution to the Soap Box must 
be accompanied by the full name of the 
Association member submitting it, together 
with the name of the Branch Library, De- 
partment, or Office in Virhich he or she is 
employed. The name is withheld from pub- 
lication, or a pen name used, if the con- 
tributor so requests. Anonymous contribu- 
tions are not given consideration. The 
author of the article is knoi/vn only to the 
contributor and to the Editor-in-Chief. 
The contents of articles appearing in the 
Soap Box are personal opinions expressed 
by individual Association members and 
their appearance does not necessarily in- 
dicate that the Publications Committee and 
the Association are in agreement with the 
views expressed, 

Dear Editor: 

Can someone tell me why, v;hen a person 
is absent on vacation for one week, there 
is a loss of six full days • pay — four 
days absence reported on the first time 
report and two on the next. We are paid 
on a five day basis and therefore, for a 
week's absence, should lose only five fiill 
days' pay. I lost six full days' pay for 
being absent one vreek — someone's credit- 
ing me with a weekly salary of about 
<pi;l,U2, instead of my actual salary of 

9 9 9 9 9 "? 9 9 9 9 


To the Soap Box: 

Sometime in the later part of August, I 
gave Personnel Office, a copy of Chapter 
809 - Acts of 19^0, which had been passed 
and became a law, 

I requested that this law be posted on 
the bulletin board as it was a very vital 
change in the pension rules which affects 
every member of the staff. To date it 
has not been posted, 

Abraham Snyder 


Ode to a General Reference Assistant who 
not only recommended a book, but even 
went so far as to get it off the shelf 
and deliver it in person. 



Dear Ref 'rence Assistant, 

I feel a bit 
I just read "The Cadaver of Gideon Wyck", 
Though it gave me a thrill (not to men- 
tion a chill) 
Oh, unfortunately, it's a mystery still. 
And, alasl, my suspense must go on and go 


When I got to the end the last chapter 
was gone I 

Chorus : 

Oh, Miscreant, Bay, if you're reading 
this verse 

Could you think of a torture that would 
have been worse? 

For I'd sooner have fingernails ripped 
from my hands, 

Or I'd live irvith my arms locked in 
■vrrought-iron bands. 

Or I'd smile while my heart was cut out 
by a friend 

Than continue through life v;ithout know- 
ing the end. 


I plowed through the pages (three hundred 

or more) 
And -vfhen I reached the last one, I let 

oi:.t a roar 
For I don't knovr whodunit, nor yet how 

or why. 

(Heck, I don't even know v;ho the darn 
thing was by). 

So, find me a copy that's whole and com- 

And the names that I've called you I'll 
never repeat. 

Sheila Pierce 



A sign in front of a vase containing 
beautiful pink roses in the staff library 
reads : 

"A gift to members of the staff in ap- 
preciation of the hospitality accorded 
to them by the foui' visiting librarians 
from the Information Centers maintained 
by the U, S. Department of State in 
Germany" , 


Sriinies yoii yoxiA /uends 
io keat a talk bu 




£ J ruio 




FRID/^ ^VLMING, OCTOBER 27, 1^50 AT 8 RM. 

Mrs. Geraldine S, Herrick, Chairman 
Mrs, Dorothy M. Lovett Mrs. Beryl Y. Robinson 
Louis Rains Gladys R. White 

Please Post 




Published by the Boston Public Library Professional Staff Association 

Volume V, Number 11 November 19^0 

Publications Committee: 

Mildred R. Adelson, John M. Carroll, Eleanor DiGiannantonio, 
M. Dorothy Brackett Ekstrom, Sarah M. Usher, Chairman 

Publication date ; 
The fifteenth of each month 

Deadline for submitting material ; 
The tenth of each month 


Perhaps there could be no more appropri- 
ate season of the year for commenting fa- 
vorably on certain developments affecting 
staff members than the month in which 
Thanksgiving occurs. We have three items 
which seem to us to be worthy of commenda- 

First ; Attendance at staff meetings ir - 
respective of classification by position . 
To bring staff members together as indi- 
viduals interested in learning about the 
Library's policies and developments, re- 
gardless of the labels designating posi- 
tions into which Fate happened to place 
them at the particular time, is good for 
morale. Absences from departments can be 
more easily arranged when three instead of 
four days' schedules are disturbed. The 
series of meetings revealed that the ex- 
pectation that assistants might feel in- 
hibited if chiefs were present was not 
entirely substantiated. 

Second ; Exhibits. The program recently 
inaugurated is proving to be very success- 
ful. The cases in the front hall of the 
Central Library Building are appropriately 
handsome, and the exhibits placed in them 
have been, in their planning and assem- 
bling, such as to reflect credit upon the 
institution. We recommend to your contin- 
uing attention developments in the expand- 
ing program for exhibits both in Central 
Library and in Branch Libraries. 

Third; The revised scheduling of exami- 

nations . To be allowed to take qualifying 
examinations at the completion of courses 
given in preparation for them is obviously 
to the advantage of those taking the exam- 
inations. To finish a course in December 
and not to take the examination in the 
subject until June meant that much could 
be forgotten in the interim, and, unless 
considerable reviewing was done, grades 
were apt to suffer. Particularly was this 
true if the subject matter of the course 
was completely foreign to one's daily v/ork. 


New Staff Members 

Mrs Phyllis L. Barclay, Upharas Corner 
Branch Library. (Mrs Barclay was formerly 
Children's Librarian at Brighton Branch 
Library) . 

Miss Bernadette Russell, Roslindale 
Branch Library. (Miss Russell formerly 
worked part-time at Charlestown Branch 
Library) . 

JAr Euclid J. Peltier, Office of the 
Division of Home Reading and Community 
Services, to do film work, 

Mrs Augusta G. Rubens te in. Book Selection 
Department, Division of Home Reading and 
Community Services, (Mrs Rubenstein form- 
erly worked part-time at the Mattapan 
Branch Library) . 

Mr George Adelman, General Reference De- 

Mr lilaurice I. Rahilly, Periodical and 
Newspaper Department, (Mr Rahilly former- 
ly vrorked part-time in the General Refer- 
ence Department). 


Miss Isabella G. Pennampede, Information 
Office, to Mr Paul Vfindham, October l8, 

Miss Joyce P. Silhavy, Roslindale Branch 
Library, to Mr A. Harlow Ellis, October 
12, 1950. 

Miss Helen M. Mitchell, East Boston 
Branch Library, to Mr Frederick W. Popp, 
October 21, 1950. 


Miss Beatrice G. Wade, from Phillips 
Brooks Branch Library to Book Selection 
Department, Division of Home Reading and 
Community Services. 

Mrs Anna L. Shanor, from South End Branch 
Library to Phillips Brooks Branch Library, 



Miss Alberta M. Renzaglia, Kirstein 
Business Branch, to continue studies, 

lUrs Elaine E. Kinunelman, Rare Book De- 

Mr Thomas H. O'Connor, Statistical De- 
partment, to teach at Boston College. 


Miss Helen Maguire, Book Stack Service, 
to ¥t William Carley of Allston, The wed- 
ding is planned for June. 

Miss Mary Louise Leydon, Book Stack 
Service, to Mr Theodore Gregory Flanagan 
of Cambridge. Mr Flanagan is a student at 
Tufts College, 


A daughter, Kristine, to Mr and Mrs 
Francis Hilillo, Tuesday, October 17. 
Frank is a member of the Book Stack Serv- 

A daughter to Mr and Mrs William 
DiRosario on November 8. Bill is a member 
of the Fine Arts Department. 

A daughter, Ellen Ruth, to Fj:- and Mrs 
Robert Smart. lAr Smart is a member of the 
Kirstein Business Branch. 


On Saturday evening, October 21, Miss 
Mary Groden, Book Stack Service, was given 
a surprise bridal shower at the home of 
Miss Doris Cornelius, Codman Square 
T^ranch Library. Many of her library 
fi'iends were among the guests. Mary re- 
ceived many lovely gifts. 


On Saturday, October 28, at 10 A. M. , 
'f'f'i^s Mary Groden, Book Stack Service, be- 
came the bride of Mr Anthony Querela at 
St. Augustine's Church, South Boston. 
Miss Groden wore traditional white satin 
and carried a prayer book covered vrLth 
white orchids. She was attended by Miss 
Doris Cornelius, Miss Patricia McCarthy, 
Book Stack Service, and Miss Julia Querela, 
sister of the groom. A reception followed 
at the Knights of Columbus Hall, South 
Boston, Mr and Mrs Querela spent their 

honeymoon in the White Mountains. 

Miss Isabella G. Pennampede, Information 
Office, became the bride of Mr Paul M, 
Windham at St. James Church in Arlington 
Heights on Wednesday, October l8, 1950, at 
7:30 p,m. The bride was lovely in a white 
velvet gown trimmed at the neckline and 
sleeves with seed pearls and rhinestones. 
The head-piece was of seed pearls and 
rhinestones and was attached to five yards 
of fine veiling. She wore lace mitts with 
tiny velvet bows at the wrist. Her bou- 
quet was made up of exquisite white roses 
with satin streamers and two large white 
orchids in the center - later used as her 
going av/ay corsage. The bride was given 
in marriage by her father, Mr Fabio 
Pennampede. The Reverend Father Shea per- 
formed the ceremony. A soloist from the 
parish sang Ave Maria before the ceremony 
and Mother at Your Feet I am Kneeling 
after the ceremony. 

The maid of honor. Miss Mary Pennampede, 
sister of the bride, wore a beautiful gown 
of American beauty which made her look as 
if she had just stepped out of a Strauss 
waltz. She carried a bouquet of talisman 
roses Tfri-th streamers of assorted ribbon, 

Mrs Ella Pepi, cousin of the bride, as 
matron of honor, wore a dusty rose velvet 
gown with a svfeetheart neckline and re- 
movable cape. She carried a bouquet of 
mixed flowers with streamers of assorted 
color ribbon. The three bridesmaids, 
wearing blue velvet gowns of the same 
style, were: Mrs Katherine Xenos of 
Arlington, Miss Alice Cataldo of Milton, 
formerly of the Book Stack Service, and 
Miss Helen Savakian of Mattapan, a member 
of the staff of the Information Office. 
The bouquets viere of mixed flowers with 
red and pink roses predominating. The 
streamers were of rainbovf ribbon. 

The best man was Mr Maurice Rahilly of 
Jamaica Plain, a member of the staff of 
the Periodical Room. The ushers were: 
Mr William Pepi, lir Daniel Xenos, Mr 
Edward Pearle, and Mr Aram Savakian. The 
ring bearers were Johnny and Jerry Pepi, 
tvrin sons of Mr and Mrs William Pepi. 

A bouffet supper was held in the 
Sapphire Room of the Hotel Gardner. Many 
of "Issy's" friends fron the Library at- 
tended. Former members of the Information 
Office present included; Mrs Irene Bixler 
Lyons, Mss Catherine Flannery, Miss 

- .-3- 

Patricia Keegan, Mrs Artliur: Elliott, and 
Miss Ruth Michelson. 

After a trip to Philadelphia, the bride 
returned to the .Information Office for a 
while before joining. her husband in 



Miss Elizabeth B. Boudreau, Information 

Mrs Marjorie G. Bouquet, Office of Chief 
Librarian, Division of Reference and 
Research Services. 

Mrs Barbara Cotter, Office of Supervisor 
of Reference and Research Services. 

Miss Jane F. Hasson, Buildings Depart- 

Miss Christine Hayes, Book Selection De- 
partment, Division of Reference and Re- 
search Services. 

Miss Patricia Wilson, "Miss Voltage of 
'5l"> Alls ton Branch Library. 

Miss Jean B. Lay, Cataloging and Classi- 
fication Department, Division of Home 
Reading and Community Services. 

•■ iHBHHHK>SHf-Sf- 


Miss Marion K. Abbot, Charlestown Branch 
Library. --. ,, 

Miss Mildred R. Adelson, Jamaica Plain 
Branch Library. 

Miss M.- The'rese Campbell, Mrs Catherine 
Macauley, and Mrs Pauline Puglisi,, Ca.ta- 
loging and Classification Department, 
Division of .Reference and Research Serv- 

Miss Barbara Gilson, History Department. 
Mr William B. Gallagher, Printing De- 


Mr A. L. G. McDonald, Librarian pf the 
Australian National University, Canberra, 




— — — — ^— '.(■' 


After a brief illness, and in her 
eightieth year, Miss Emma F. Lynch set out 
on her greatest adventure. The last of 
her family, she passed away on October .15. 

Her v;hole life in the library was spent 
in the South End Branch, which, when she 
entered the service in November 1885, was 
in the basement of the "new" English High 
School. ' In those classless days she was a 
general .library ivorker. She later became 
second assistant and presided at tlrie 
Registration Desk, where the records and 
files she kept were a great source of 
satisfaction and pride to ,her. 

Tiny, . with snow-white, hair, ^nd every 
inch a lady, she was extremely honest and 
forthright, with very strong opinions on 
the questions of the day. Her charity was 
great and most unostentatious, known usu- 
ally only to her and the recipient. 

After fifty- three years of active serv- 
ice. Miss Lynch was retired in 1938. Her 
last years vrere far from carefree, but she 
never lost her keen interest in 'people and 
trends. Vacations and motoring were her 
greatest joys until the very end. In 
fact, shortly before she died she hoped 
that her little set-back vrould not inter- 
fere with plans for a projected ,trip 
through the Berkshires, 

•;■■' . a£uMNAS, NOTES \ ' 


Little could Edith Guerrier have dreamed 
way back in 1899, when the first story 
hour \-ras held in the North End, . that on 
Saturday evening, October 28, 1950, over 
one hundred of the girls who were to. enjoy 
story hours during the early years of the 
century would gather in honor of her SOth 
birthday. But such was the case. , One 
came by plane from Oregon, others from 
NeviT York, Vermont, New Bedford, and many 
from Boston and suburbs; but from wherever 
they came, their purpose v/as the same? 
They were honoring a branch librarian who 


had given to them infinitely more than a 
superficial acquaintance vdth books. She 
had given them an appreciation not only of 
good literature but of good livingj of 
good fellowship; of good sportsmanship; 
and, above all, of the value of loyalty 
and friendship. She had taught them to 
"learn to agree to disagree". 

The dinner, held in the ballroom of the 
Hotel Beaconsfield, was in reality a tri- 
ple celebration — a celebration of the 
80th birthday of Edith Guerrier, Supervi- 
sor of Branch Libraries, Emeritus , which 
had taken place on September 20; the Slst 
anniversary of story hour's beginning in 
1899; and a get-together of the "Saturday 
Evening Girls". 

Membership in the early clubs under Miss 
Guerrier 's leadership in the North End was 
according to grades in school. The high 
school group met on Saturday evenings. 
Story hours, dramatics, weeks in summer 
camp, handicraft work — these were some 
of the activities they shared. As the 
years have passed, it has been inevitable 
that marriage and careers should separate 
the S.E.G's, but the club has never been 
dissolved. Its members have held periodic 
re\inions over the years, though none as 
significant as this coming together to 
honor their founder and friend on her 80th 

The program of the evening was informal, 
in keeping with the friendly atmosphere. 
There were tributes to the guest of honor 
— in poetry, prose, and song. She was 
presented with a birthday cake with 80 
lighted candles (all of which she blew 
out I) and a beautifully bound volume of 
letters and greetings from the girls. An- 
nouncement was also made of presentation 
in her honor of a substantial addition to 
the EDITH GUERRIER FUND at the Boston Pub- 
lic Library as a special Both birthday 
gift' from the Saturday Evening Girls. 
Miss Guerrier graciously accepted the 
gifts, and the program ended mth the 
singing of the S.E.G. Gamp Song, which she 
had written. 

The evening was successful from every 
point of view, but one tribute stood out 
as the greatest of all — the presence of 
over one hundred persons vfho gratefully 

S. M. U. 



Greetings and good wishes were extended 
to Miss Alice M. Jordan, Supervisor of 
Work with Children, Emeritus, at a coffee 
party given by the children's librarians 
directly after their regular meeting on 
Wednesday, November 8, in the Women's 

The occasion was the eightieth birthday 
of Miss Jordan, whose customary gracious 
alertness and lively interest in all li- 
brary affairs strongly belie her years. 
Various officers and former associates 
dropped in to offer congratulations, and 
to admire the decorative and lovely birth- 
day cake and flowers presented to Miss 


Food, food, food was the order of the 
day — October lU — when Miss Rebecca E, 
Willis, Branch Librarian E meritus , Jamaica 
Plain Branch Library, invited her former 
staff to lunch at the Smorgasbord, Be- 
sides eating some of every delicious dish 
around the huge table, there was time for 
lots of talking about the good old and 
new days. Miss Willis is actively enjoy- 
ing a busy retirement. 


In the Sunday edition of the NEIT BEDFORD 
STANDARD-TIMES there is appearing a new 
feature ™ Sport Scribbles , cartoons by 
Brooks Kelly, Brooks is the fifteen-year 
old son of Mrs Rhoda Kelly, a former mem- 
ber of the staff of the Office of Super- 
visor of Branch Libraries. 



The fall season finds the Executive 
Board busy vdth "a number of things", 
Follovdng the acceptance of the report of 
the Nominating Committee it was necessary 
to appoint an Elections Committee. Miss 
Mary Cahill, Book Purchasing Department 
has accepted the chairmanship of this 
committee. The support of every member of 


the Association is essential if this elec- 
tion is to be the true reflection of the 
vashes of the membership^ According to 
the by-laws of the Association, the report 
of the Nominating Committee shall be an- 
nounced at the November meeting. In this 
connection please note carefully sections 
(c) and (d) of Article III, Section I: 

(c) Nominations from the floor of candi- 
dates who are present and accept the nom- 
ination shall he entertained at the Novem- 
ber meeting. 

(d) Any member of the Association may 
nominate a candidate for office by sub- 
mitting a letter of nomination and a 
seconding letter from a member of the As- 
sociation, and a letter of acceptance 
from the nominee to the Secretary of the 

The November business meeting of the 
Association will be held in the Lecture 
Hall of the Central Library on Friday 
morning, November 17, at 9 o'clock. It is 
a recognized fact that business meetings 
are not dramatic, spectacular events. 
They are the chores of any Association, 
Even so, they are essential and they are 
ineffectual unless properly supported. 
The business meetings are your meetings. 
There you have an opportunity to hear and 
evaluate what your Association is doing. 
You have an opportunity to express your 
opinions on these achievements — or lack 
of them. You also have an opportunity to 
offer suggestions for future activities 
which might be beneficial to the staff as 
a whole. However, if you are not at the 
meeting it is rather difficult to get 
your ideas across. The last business 
meeting was exceptionally well attended. 
It is hoped that everyone who can be 
spared from his post of duty will plan to 
attend on the seventeenth. Since these 
meetings are held on library time, it is 
suggested that everyone arrive on time, 
say what is to be said briefly, and leave 
vri-th dispatch once the meeting is over. 
Let promptness, speed, and efficiency 
characterize this fall business meeting. 

The Executive Board in session on 
October 17 appointed a special committee 
to report periodically to the staff on 
matters relative to the pension system 
now affecting Boston Public Library em- 
ployees. The need for such a committee 

was emphasized at the recent staff meet- 
ings. Although not appointed prior to the 
staff meetings, this committee has a vital 
role to play in the months ahead. The 
committee is as follows: 

Miss Elizabeth G. Barry, Statistical De- 

Mr Albert L. Carpenter, Office of Divi- 
sion of Home Reading and Coram\inity Serv- 

Miss Catherine M. MacDonald, Personnel 

Mr Louis Polishook, Chairman, Science 
and Technology Department, (Patent Room) 
You need not be reminded that this com- 
mittee, as every other committee, needs 
your support. People working on commit- 
tees are not doing it for the f\in of it; 
they are doing it in order that your Asso- 
ciation may be more effective in your be- 
half. All they ask is your support. 

The Executive Board at the same meeting, 
authorized the chairman of the Program 
Committee to invite a limited number of 
foreign students to our social activities, 
should it seem advisable. It was thought 
that the many foreign students living in 
and around Boston might appreciate a 
glimpse of the library worker with his 
"hair down" so to speak. Most people as- 
sume that library workers do nothing but 
read books all day and far into the night. 
This erroneous concept needs to be dis- 
pelled — and where better can we begin 
than among the embassadors of goodwill who 
are here for study from England, France, 
Scandinavia, Germany and other countries? 
It is at least worth a try. 

The Executive Board at the same session 
also authorized the expenditure of a sum 
of money not to exceed ten dollars, for 
floral tributes upon the death of active 
members of the Association, 

A Happy Thanks giving I V^e hope the candy 
you will take to your hostess was pur- 
chased through "Ye Greene Sweete Shoppe", 




This week marks the opening of the long- 
awaited COFFEE SHOP in sparkling new 
quarters in the Central Library building. 
Jonquil yellow walls, with dark green 
trim, and bright red and beige counter, 
chairs, tables, and stools give the room 
a pleasant and inviting atmosphere. To 
all the members of the Buildings Depart- 
ment (Carpenters, Custodians, Electricians, 
Painters) whose hard work and capable 
hands helped to bring the physical needs 
to reality, the Concession Committee ex- 
presses enthusiastic appreciation. To the 
Administration, which by its initial ap- 
proval and by its continuing sympathetic 
interest, has encouraged this undertaking, 
the Committee likewise extends its sincere 
thanks . 



On Friday evening, October 27, about 
seventy-five members of the Boston Public 
Library Professional Staff Association and 
friends gathered in the Lecture Hall of 
the Central Library to hear Pieverend Carol 
L. Bernhardt, S.J. The serious develop- 
ment of Father Bernhardt' s subject — THE 
PHILOSOPHY OF LAUGHTER — was frequently 
interspersed with amusing anecdotes and 
touches of his own keen wit. A pleasant 
evening was brought to a close follovdng 
a get-together and refreshments in the 
Young People's Room, 



The first meeting of the committee plan- 
ning Catholic Book Yfeek for 19^1 was held 
at Creagh Library, St, John's Seminary on 
November 9. The Boston Public Library is 
represented on the committee by Miss Anne 
E. Armstrong, Mr John J. Connolly, Miss 
Catherine E. Flannery, Miss Mary Louise 
Oilman, Mrs Mary K. Harris, Miss Anna L. 
Manning, and Mr Thomas J. Manning, 


Shortly after the baseball season closed 
in 1950 the BOSTON AHIERICAN ran a contest 
on YJhat to do with the Red Sox and Ted 
Williams. Ten dollars was av/arded to each 

person who presented a solution judged 
\vorthy of publication. Our congratulations 
go to Mr Paul ?/. Smith, Business Office, 
who received a check for ten dollars for 
the following: 

Psychiatrist Needed 

5l Armindine St. , 
Dorchester, Mass, 

Dear Sir: 

To analyze correctly what ails the Red 
Sox, it would be necessary to recruit the 
services of a psychiatrist, a hypnotist, 
several mind readers and a fortune teller. 
A team finishes the season with a club 
batting average of .3OI4., and the fans 
yell: "Trade IVilliams," or "Sell Stephens" 
or "Shoot Tebbetts." 

It is entirely possible that the Red Sox 
could play better baseball without the 
services of Williams who, in the past few 
years, has shown a decided tendency to 
fall flat on his face when the big moments 
arrive. But why the fans should want to 
trade ball players of the caliber of 
Stephens and Tebbetts, is beyond this mind. 

l^Vhen the Yankees came to town in early 
September and it was imperative for the 
Red Sox to svreep ti/o games, it was Stephens 
who came through with six hits in nine 
trips. He hit three singles, a double, a 
triple and a home run. He was all over 
the field, making fine plays and proving 
that he can hit in September. 

Tebbetts also is a smart, able competi- 
tor who always goes all out to win. But 
with the fans looking for goats to blame 
for the Red Sox flop, Stephens and Teb- 
betts were singled out for some unex- 
plained reason. 

To trade Williams might be a good idea 
but one thing must be done at all costs — 
get some pitchers. The morale of any team 
suffers when it has no one to depend upon 
to pitch the big ones. From this corner, 
a couple of good pitchers could solve the 
age-old problem: "ViTiat's wrong with the 
Red Sox?" 



IN TIffi B.PoL . 

Fine Arts Department 

You need not be a high-brow to have eyes 
That see intensely and have joy in seeing. 
For your delight within these volumes lies 
What eyes have seen and hands brought into 

Obedient to the vision, throughout time 
In clay or marble, with a brush or pencil o 
T.ook, all these lovely records, from sub- 
Cathedral vaults to needle-point or sten- 
From Grecian \irns to sun-flowers of Van 

Or to Picasso's dream-initiation, 
In classic style, baroque, or modem vogue, 
Are yours for tranquil hours of contempla- 
Or better still; let them \Yithin yoiir 

Kindle the flame of a creator's zesti 

M. M. 


lected reading list for junior high school 
students. Mildred Kaufman, Wilson Library 
Bulletin, November, 1950. 

A selected, annotated list of books pre- 
pared in connection vdth the 1950 Human 
Relations Institute for Teachers and 
Librarians held recently in Boston. The 
list is amplified by a discussion of its 
background and purpose, and the princi- 
ples involved in the selection, together 
vdth a detailed discussion of individual 
titles and series. 


Miss Edna G. Peck, Chief of Book Selec- 
tion for Home Reading Services, has spoken 
or her European trip at meetings of the 

Boston Simmons Club, Boston. 

New England Acadia Alumnae Association, 

Old Colony Library Club, Middleborough. 

Miss Muriel C. Figenbaum, Print Depart- 
ment, has given a number of talks in the 
past few weeks on her experiences last 
winter in Europe, supplemented by koda- 
chrome slides taken during her stay., She 
has spoken before the Massachusetts School 
of Art Alumni Association, The Boston 
Printmakers, and the Boston University 
Protestant Clubo 


It is a pleasure to publish a letter 
commending the work of Branch Librarians 
during art week. 

The School Committee of the City of Bos ton 

My dear Mrs Andelman, 

As chairman of the Art IVeek program for 
the Boston Public Schools, I would like to 
express to you and all the Branch Librar- 
ians our appreciation of the splendid co- 
operation given to our department last 

We hope that an increased attendance at 
the Libraries and the interest in the ex- 
hibitions shown by parents and young 
people, make you all feel well repaid for 
the extra vrork involved. 


Nov. 8, 1950 

Very truly yours, 

Marjorie Loring 
Supervisor in charge of 
Art Week 



M.I.T. OPENS NE\^; LIBRARY . Library Journal , 

August 15, 1950, pp. 1250-1256. 

Lamont Library at Harvard now has a 
formidable rival in the recently opened 
$2,200,000 Charles Hayden Memorial Li- 
brary at M.I.T. A full discussion of 
the background and purpose of the Li- 
brary, a detailed description of its 
arrangement and layout, and the generous 
illustrations of its interior and ex- 
terior innovations will be of interest 
to those who have not yet had an cppcr- 
tunity to visit it. 


WINDOWS TO THE l^ffiST . Haynes R. Mahoney, 

Library Journal , October 1, 1950, pp. 


The story of "Amerika Haus" typical of 
the twenty-five U.S. information centers 
established in the major cities of the 
U.S. Occupation zone of Germany and the 
American sector in Berlin, their nature, 
purpose and success in aiding German re- 
covery and acquainting the German people 
with the ideals of American democracy. 


and Katharine Pringle, Saturday Evening • 

Post , August 19, 1950, pp. 32-33, 93-97. 
An excellent example of effective li- 
brary publicity in a popular outlet is 
to be found in this lavishly illus- 
trated, eye catching and attention hold- 
ing article on the Library of Congress, 
its varied services, staff and clientele, 


Alex Ladenson, Library Journal , October 1, 

1950, pp. 1590-92. 

A report on in-service training programs 
in effect in libraries throughout the 
country, based on a survey conducted by 
the Committee on Administration of the 
A.L.A. Division of Cataloging and Clas- 
sification. In the area of promotional 
training the Boston Public Library's in- 
service training program was found to be 
the best by the Committee, That the 
survey was not quite exhaustive is sug- 
gested by the fact that although the 
article refers to the Cleveland Public 
Library's (now inactive) annual staff 
institute, sponsored by the Public Li- 
brary Workers Association before the 
war, no reference is made to the Boston 
Public Library Professional Staff Asso- 
ciation's two institutes and workshop as 
examples of this type of in-service 


McKaig, Wilson Library Bulletin , September, 

1950, pp. U3-U5. 

Describes the New York Library Associa- 
tion's ten-year fight to put into effect 
a state aid program, and the promotional 
activities carried on over the years 
which were responsible for its final 
adoption by the legislature. 


Andrew Heiskel, Library Journal , October 

1, 1950, pp. iSlT^ET, 

Librarians who have been alarmed at the 
threat to reading in the various new 
media of communication may derive some 

comfort from the findings of Life Maga- 
zine's publisher, who sees these media 
serving not as a threat but rather com- 
plementary to the printed page. 
posed plan to translate the findings of 
the Public Library Inquiry into action. 
Edward L. Bernays, Wilson Library Bulletin , 
November, 1950, pp. 2U5-U6. 

The Counsel on Public Relations v;hom 
Time Magazine has called "U.S. publi- 
cist number one", urges the A.L.A. to 
assume leadership now in educating pub- 
lic opinion and taking action to attain 
those objectives agreed upon as desira- 
ble by the profession as a result of th: 
findings of Public Library Inquiry, 

L. S. M. 



Have you met the student librarian from 
Norway? Did you meet the visiting Ger- 
man Librarians? Have you seen the news- 
reels or read the newspaper writeups of 
the Korean people? Have you been reading 
about Dr Ralph Bunche and the Israel prob- 
lem? Of course, each of you has encoun- 
tered visually one of these situations at 
least once within the past month. How 
avrare it must make you of the desperate 
need of people from these and other coun- 
tries for help from Americans. It is true 
that the American outlook toward the 
Korean War has changed somewhat, but it 
has lost none of its grimness, and the 
Koreans need of aid from us is just as 
acute. V/ith this stark situation staring 
us in the face, how can anyone begrudge a 
slight gift to CARE? — the price of a 
few weekly sodas, the price of a few packs 
of cigarettes, one movie a month? Is any 
one of these things too much for one 
American to give up? Ask the one who 
knows - YOU, 

It is good to know that we have sent a 
check to CARE in October and the commit- 
tee is happy to report that the amount \vas 
for 5200 — all given by the B.P.L.'ers. 
|150 has been allotted for food packages 
to Israel, Korea, Norr/ay, India, Greece, 
and the Netherlands. $50 will be used to 
supply books to foreign libraries in need. 

However poignant this appeal may seem 
to you, it is not enough to just comply 


with a nod of the head, and the thought, 
"I agree"; the response hoped for is a 
more material one, — gracious, generous 
giving on each one's oart. Don't let the 
act go undone one moment longer than nec- 
essary, foi" you are being counted on to 
care for CARS. Don't u-et it be said of 
any of us — "He that's long a-giving 
knows not how to giveo" 



A perusal of some copies of Library Life, 

3taff Bulletin of the Boston Public Li- 
brary , brought to light an article v;ritten 
for the May 15, 1923, issue on work with 
clubs in the North End, It seems particu- 
larly appropriate to include in this num- 
ber of The Question Mark a reprint of that 
article, in part. 


Among the libraries composing our sys- 
tem, the North End Branch stands unique by 
reason of its successful club work with 
young people. The visit of many members 
of the Library staff to the North End to 
witness the clever work of the Club mem- 
bers in "Madame Butterfly" roused general 
interest, and many questions have been 
asked regarding the origin, object and 
development of club work in connection 
vfith the Branch, 

This TiTork originated in 1899, at 
"Station W," when Ivliss Edith Guerrier was 
librarian. She noted, and vras troubled by 
the fact, that the children took out books 
one day and returned them the next, having 
read only the first fe^Y pages. Among va- 
rious efforts to interest them in finish- 
ing a book, she started a story-hour, vdth 
the double purpose of developing in the 
children a taste for good literature and 
of encouraging them to complete a story 
which they had begun. 

Sat urday Evening Girls 

The first club group v/as composed of 
about thirty girls of the eighth grade, at 
that time the graduating grade, of the 
Hancock School, This group gathered on 
Saturday evenings and was accordingly 
op.lled the "Saturday Evening Girls." 

A.s tine ^•.'ent on, other groups vrere 
f.xmod, and soon the whole of Saturday 

afternoon was given up to groups from the 
different school grades. Suddenly the 
oldest group became ambitious, organized 
itself, chose a president, secretary and 
treasurer, and a governing board of ten 
members, knovm as the House Committee-. It 
was now launched as a real club'. 

Mrs James J. Storrow, at tliis time chair- 
man of the Library Committee for the North 
End Industrial School, became interested 
in these groups, and in the summer of 1907 
she loaned for their use a camp house in 
Plymouth. One of the workers at the North 
Bennet Street School had charge of this 
house, and the members of the clubs, who 
went to camp for t'.vo weeks, paid board at 
the rate of $3,00 a week. The follovrLng 
summer Ilrs Storrow bought a camp site at 
ViTest Gloucester and built there a large 
and attractive camp house, which these 
groups used until 1920. 

The Pottery . 

As the years went by, it was noticed 
that certain members of the groups never 
went to camp. Investigation disclosed 
that this "i/as because they could not af- 
ford to take the time, since in the places 
where they v;orked, vacation mth pay was 
not given. Miss Guerrier then tried to 
find some means by which the girls could 
have a vacation at camp, and while there 
earn enough money to offset the loss of 
their two \reeks' salary. Experiments led 
to the establishment of the Paul Revere 
Pottery, which, hovrever, existed at the 
Ifest Gloucester camp for only about tvro 
weeks, since it was found impracticable to 
conduct the work there. The idea was car- 
ried on, hovjever, as it was thought that 
it might be worked out as a part-time in- 
dustry by which some of the girls could 
earn sufficient money to enable them to 
continue in school. Many parents of the 
foreign girls in the North End vrere, at 
that tiine, disinclined to allov; the girls 
to continue beyond the grammar school, and 
it was felt that if this industry could be 
developed so that the girls could earn 
three or four dollars a week, enough for 
car fare and part of their clothes, the 
parents would be Tdlling to let them con- 
tinue longer in school. The present suc- 
cessful Paul Revere Pottery in Brighton 
developed from this community iidus-^ry. 

By this time Mrs Storrow had becTi-i" .'.c 
much interested in the clubs that she 
bought a house on Copp's Hill and '^i.ts'id 


it up for clubs and for continuing the ex- 
periment of pottery making. Miss Guerrier 
lived in this house for seven years, while 
connected with the library at the North 
End» When the pottery was moved to 
Brighton the clubs were transferred to the 
basement at the North End Branch Library, 
where, through the generosity of Mrs 
Storrow, attractive club rooms had been 
fitted up. The members themselves paid 
for a worker with the clubs and for all 
expenses connected with the work. 


Each club had a weekly two-hour meeting, 
divided into four half-hour periods, as 
follows : 

1. Business and ethics, clean hands, 

care of the books, honesty, etc. 

2. Story- telling and good reading, 

3. Chorus work, for the purpose of fos- 

tering a love for good music. 
i|. Folk-dancing and organized play. 
This served to create interest in 
refined methods of dancing. 
It may be remarked in passing that in 
groups of this kind it was necessary, in 
order to hold the interest of the members, 
to include social features such as folk- 
dancing and chorus work. The result of 
this program was that girls who had re- 
mained in the clubs for a number of years 
would seldom be found reading trash or en- 
joying a poor play. For three years the 
club published a nevrepaper known as the 
S.E.G. News . This paper was printed at 
the Industrial School for Crippled Chil- 
dren, and paid for itself through adver- 
tisements and the subscription price, 
which was .#1.00 a year. Plays were pro- 
duced, sometimes as many as tvvelve being 
given by the different clubs during the 
year, and an operetta or concert was usu- 
ally given each season. 

In 1919, upon Iliss Guerrier 's removal to 
the Central Library, these groups were 
necessarily dissolved. The original mem- 
bers of the old groups, however, still 
meet with her several times a year at her 
own home. 


On Saturday, October 28, the third annual 
Human Relations Institute for teachers and 

librarians, sponsored by the Boston Public 
Library with the co-operation of the 
Boston Public Schools, and the National 
Conference of Christians and Jews, was 
held in the Lecture Hall of the Central 
Library. I/Irs Muriel Javelin, Chairman of 
the Planning Committee, reports that this 
was perhaps the most successful of the 
three Institutes. Over two hundred edu- 
cators attended both the morning and the 
afternoon sessions, Dr Dennis C. Haley, 
Superintendent, Boston Public Schools, de- 
livered the Keynote Address and Iitr Josepn 
C. White, Chairman, Boston School Commit- 
tee, and Co-Chairman, Northeastern Region, 
National Conference of Christian and Jews, 
brought greetings from the Conference. 
Miss Edna G. Peck, Chief of Book Selection 
for Home Reading Services, Miss Pauline 
Winnick, Children's Librarian, Codman 
Square Branch Library, and Miss Mildred 
Kaufman, Children's Librarian, Mattapan 
Branch Library, gave brief summaries of 
recent books in the field of Human Rela- 
tions, Mss Peck covered books for teach- 
ers and librarians; Miss Winnick, books 
for primary and elementary students; and 
Miss Kaufman spoke on books for junior 
high and senior high school students. 
Book lists were prepared for distribution 
by the speakers. Dr Floyde E. Brooker, 
Chief, Visual Aids to Education, Yifashing- 
ton, D. C, in the main address of the 
morning, stressed the importance of educa- 
tion in combating the forces of the cold 
war. He emphasized the fact that visual 
aids, if properly utilized, could and 
should be a most effective medium of edu- 
cation. The U.N. sound motion picture OF 
HUl'AN RIGHTS was shown and discussed, and 
Dr Brooker suggested several ways in which 
it might be used, 

Dr Herbert L. Seamans, Director, Com- 
mission on Educational Organizations, 
National Conference of Christians and 
Jev^s, was the speaker at the luncheon 
meeting at the Red Coach Grill. Dr 
Seamans' talk Practices - Not Preachments 
was both practical and inspirational. 
Miss Louise Day, President, Massachusetts 
Library Association, and Librarian, Lynn 
Public Library, presided at the luncheon 
meeting. Guests at the luncheon included: 
Dr Alexander Brin, Chairman, Massachusetts 
State Board of Education; Dr Brooker; Dr 
Chin; Dr William F. Looney, President, 
Boston Teachers College; Mr Kenneth 
Shaffer, Director, Simmons College Library 


School; Monsignor Cornelius Sherlock, 
Diocesan Director of Parochial Schools; 
and Mr IVhite. 

The Socio-Drama Demonstration, conducted 
by Dr Robert Chin, Professor of Psychology, 
and Chairman, Human Relations Program, 
Boston University, was an outstanding ex- 
ample of audience participation. To see 
ten or twenty individuals desiring to 
speak at once was quite an experience. 
The afternoon program concluded with a 
Buzz Session, 

Students from Simmons College Library 
School and Boston Teachers College served 
as ushers. The members of the Planning 
Committee were: Miss Doris I. Boyd, Dean 
of Girls, Beverly High School; Mr Gerald 
F. Coughlin, Assistant Superintendent, 
Boston Public Schools; Miss Elizabeth M. 
Gordon, Deputy Supervisor, in Charge of 
Work with Children, Boston Public Library; 
Mr Francis L. Hurwitz, Executive Secretary, 
Northeastern Region, National Confernece 
of Christians and Jews; Miss Miriam Kalian, 
Director of the Reading Center, Teachers 
College of the City of Boston; Mr Miles G. 
Lee, Teacher, Vfilliam Howard Taft School, 
Brighton; and Miss Edna Phillips, Librar- 
ian, Morrill Memorial Library, Norwood. 


The Statistical Department shares with 
us the reminiscences put into verse by 
Tom O'Connor when he left the department 
to become an instructor in History at 
Boston College. We are sorry that we can- 
not reproduce the graphic illustrations, 
but the original copy may be seen and read 
in the Statistical Department. 



Thomas H. O'Connor 

November 2, 1950 


























On Monday, October 30, 1950, Mr Kenneth 
R. Shaffer, Director of the Simmons Col- 
lege School of Library Science, with some 
ninety students from the school made their 
annual visit to the Central Library. The 
Director welcomed them in the Lecture Hall 
and spoke to them on the Library, follow- 
ing which they were guided through the 
building by members of the staff. 

On the following Monday afternoon, in 
three groups, the students visited three 
of our branch libraries, as follows: 
Mattapan Branch Library 
North End Branch Library 
West End Branch Library 



The annual fall meeting of the Cape Cod 
Library Club, held in Harwichport on Octo- 
ber 27, was of especial significance in 
this year of 1950 inasmuch as it was a 
celebration of the ^Oth anniversary of the 
founding of the Club, 

Greetings from Mr Milton E, Lord, Imme- 
diate Past President of the American Li- 
brary Association were read. Greetings 
from the Massachusetts Library Association 
were brought by Miss Catharine M. Yerxa, 
Vice President, Mr Stacy B. Southworth, 
Chairman of the Board of Free Public Li- 
brary Commissioners, one of the speakers 
at the afternoon session, brought greet- 
ings from the Commission, Miss E. Louise 
Jones was present as an honorary member of 
the Club, While it was not possible for 
the founder of the Club, Mrs Mabel R, 
Agassiz, to be present, she was represent- 
ed by two trustees from the Yarmouth Li- 
brary Association, of which Mrs Agassiz is 
now an honorary trustee. 

Mrs Caroline R, Seibens, Librarian of 
the South Yarmouth Library Association and 
a former member of the staff of the Brook- 
line Public Library, was re-elected presi- 
dent of the Cape Cod Library Club for a 
second term. 



The Publications Committee is happy to 
give belov; the addresses of members of the 
staff who are on military leaves of ab- 
sence to facilitate the sending of Christ- 
mas greetings, 

Laurence Bushey, SR^ 900-18-79 

Co. 2^6 

U. S. Navy Training Corps 

Great Lakes, Illinois 

Pvt. Norma E. Dalton, \U 3l0063U 

Company C (WAC) 

777)4 Signal Battalion 

APO i403 

c/o Postmaster 

New York City 

Lt. Bernard J. O'Neil, USNR 
Aerology Section 

Naval Air Station 
Quonset Point 
Rhode Island 

S,A. Michael J. Venezia 900-25-61 
lU2nd Batt. lUth Reg. Co. 26$, 
Camp Moffett 
USNTC, Great Lakes, Illinois 



Miss Marie McCarthy of the Book Purchas- 
ing Department, was given a surprise rhcw- 
er at the Fife and Drum Room, Hotel 
Vendome, Monday evening, November 13. The 
bride-to-be received many lovely gifts 
from her friends and a beautiful orchid 

City Point 

Visitors have been enthusiastic about 
the colorful and interesting subjects ar- 
ranged by the 19^0 Committee for Art Week. 
The work of students at the Benjamin Dean, 
the Gaston, the Patrick Gavin, the Thomas 
N. Hart, and the Oliver H. Perry Schools 
showed unusual talent. 

THE CIRCUS with its elephants, giraffes, 
zebras, and camels, as well as THE TRAPEZE 
ARTIST and THE SIDE SHOW, were realisti- 
cally presented. THE BOSTON PUBLIC LI- 
BRARY on a busy afternoon and a gala af- 
fair at the BOSTON GARDEN vied with one 
another to attract attention. 

Third dimensional work showing interior 
decorating and a tropical garden, together 
with paintings of still life proudly 
showed the young artists' talented vrork. 
Marine scenes were exceptionally well done. 
They depicted angry seas, sails in the 
sunset, and boats wrecked along the shore. 

Many enquiries were made about purchas- 
ing some of them, 

Jamaica Plain 

The public and staff feel the absence of 
Miss Mildred R. Adelson. Miss Adelson is 
in the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, 
2U3 Charles Street, Boston lU, vAere she 
had an operation for a detached retina. 
Tfe are all rooting for her and we know 
that you mil join us, 

Parker Hill 

In observance of Art Week, an exhibit of 
dra\'vlngs by the pupils of the Thomas Dvdght, 


Farragut, and Iilartin Schools was on dis- 
play from November 1-10 in the Children's 
Room. In addition, the High School Room 
and Adult Room were enlivened by a beauti- 
ful and colorful display of paintings done 
by the art classes of Commerce High School 
under the supervision of Mr Rosenthal 

Girl Scout IVeek was observed by a dis- 
play of handicraft made by the girl scouts 
of the Fission Hill Housing Project. 


Miss Marie E. Ilurphy has been transferred 
to East Boston Branch Library. 

West End 

The young fry are proving how apt is the 
expression, "The play's the thing!" In 
recent months, several plays have been 
produced by various small groups of girls 
and boys at the library. On October 28, 
eight girls of the St. Joseph's School 
enacted a play called "Happy Haunts" as a 
special Hallowe'en treat at the regular 
story hour. Acting as their own press 
agents, the young actresses publicized the 
forthcoming event to the extent that an 
audience of 76 children appeared for the 
performance, and from their enthusiastic 
reaction, it seemed that they approved 
heartily of that form of entertainment. 
To supplement the play, Miss Elinor Day, 
children's librarian, told a Hallowe'en 
story. Small black masks and baskets of 
Hallowe'en candy were given to the chil- 
dren to celebrate the occasion. 


Art Week, October 30 to November k, was 
observed by an exhibition of paintings by 
pupils of the William Blacks tone School. 
Real talent and genuine interest were 
shown in the unusual interpretations of 
flower groups and scenes from nature. 

■ Children's Book TTeek, Ilovember 13-20, is 
being observed by a unique and colorful 
exhibition of original children's book il- 
lustrations by the foremost illustrators. 
Of particular interest are the rich varie- 
ty of media used, some being executed in 

pen and ink, others in tempera colors, 
while still others were done in free water 
color. In mr.ny cases it is possible to 
exhibit the original drav;ing along with 
the finished printed illustration to af- 
ford an interestinc^ comparison. Assembled 
material vn the form of publishers' cata- 
logs ^ bookmarks, illustrations and book 
jackets are being distributed to teachers, 
social \vorkers, and other people in the 
community who work with children. Plans 
have been made for a number of classes 
from both the elementary and junior high 
schools of the district to visit the li- 
brary during the week to give them a fore- 
taste of the literary treats in store for 
them in the coming year. 


On November 8, two staff changes were 
put into effect, Miss Dorothea A. Blue was 
transferred to the Parker Hill Branch Li- 
brary. The day before, she was presented 
with a gift, and an impromptu party was 
given her that night. Miss Helen M. 
Donovan, who had been with the Bookmobile, 
v;as transferred to YiTest End and has already 
become a member of the family. 


On November 10, Miss Goldstein enter- 
tained the entire staff and some former 
West Endites at a supper party in her new 
home. As usual her hospitality was un- 
surpassed and a delightful evening was en- 
joyed by all. The staff presented Miss 
Goldstein with a pair of boudoir as 
a house-warming gift. 

Miss Goldstein recently received a com- 
munication by mail from an unknovm admirer, 
who said in part, "Dear Boston Librarian, 
You've been among the pillars of my Boston 
education, on a par even with Harvard's 
Prof. Edward Caldwell Jfoore, tho' you but 
faintly know about it. May I now respect- 
fully again inquire how you are ..." 

South Boston 

The November meeting of the Branch Li- 
brarians was held at the South Boston 
Branch Library in order to give those 
august personages an opportunity to in- 
spect the new home of the second oldest 


branch library. Wliat they saw was a store 
decorated in two tones of green, with 
large display windows and a new magazine 
case which give it a modern look. Several 
remarks were made about the advantage of 
being on the street level, a fact already 
made evident by the frequent comments from 
patrons, "How wonderful 1 No stairs I" and 
by the shaip rise in circulation brought 
by new borrowers and by renev;als of cards 
from the inactive file. 

At 12:30 p.m. a luncheon of sandwiches, 
ice cream, cake, and coffee was served by 
a caterer. A beautiful cyclamen plant 
from the Branch Librarians and a large 
bouquet of pompom chrysanthemums from Miss 
Cufflin, former branch librarian of South 
Boston, were much appreciated by the 

Friends who joined the Branch Librarians 
for luncheon v;ere J,!iss Edith Guerrier, 
Supervisor of Branch Libraries, Emeritus , 
Miss M. Florence Cufflin and Miss Rebecca 
E. Willis, Branch Librarians, Emeritus , 
Mesdames Ada A. Andelman, Muriel C. 
Javelin, Grace B. Loughlin, Elizabeth L. 
Wright, and Misses Ruth S. Cannell, 
Beatrice M. Flanagan, Elizabeth M. Gordon, 
Ethel M. Hazlewood, Mary M. McDonough, 
Edna G. Peck, and Sarah M. Usher, 


Open Shelf 

On Wednesday, November 8, the staff en- 
tertained Mrs Muriel C. Javelin at lunch- 
eon in the Town Room of the Copley Plaza 
Hotel. Misses Louisa Metcalf, Ollie 
Partridge, Marie Cashman, and Mesdames 
Lydia Palladino and Sigrid Reddy were 
present, as well as Miss Mary McDonough of 
the Book Preparation Department. They 

presented Mrs Javelin with an opal-centered outstanding collection to the Library and 

gold pin, and Mrs Javelin took pictures to 
mark the ^occasion. Mrs Javelin had been 
Chief of the Department since IPUO, and 
will now devote her entire time to her 
duties as Deputy Supervisor in Charge of 
Work with Adults, 

On Saturday evening, November 11, the 
members of the Open Shelf Department and 
Mrs Javelim's Office were the guests of Mr 
and Mrs William Javelin at their home on 

Clearwater Drive. The guest of honor was 
little George Maloof, four-months old son 
of Edward Maloof and Kathryn Dolan Maloof, 
formerly a part-time assistant in the Open 
Shelf Department, tir and Mrs John Reddy 
showed color slides taken on their three- 
months' trip to Europe last summer and the 
Javelins showed their slides (also in col- 
or) taken in Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico, 
and points en route. As a third attrac- 
tion, slides of the weddings of Sigrid 
Reddy and Kathryn Maloof were shown. 
Earlier in the day Mrs Javelin received a 
very beautiful yellow chrysanthemum plant 
from the group. 


On November first Miss Pamela Brovm, who 
was playing in Boston in Christopher Fry's 
"The Lady's Not for Burning" opposite John 
Gielgud, paid a short visit to the Depart- 
ment at the invitation of Mr and Mrs 
Heintzelman to see some of the work of her 
father-in-law, John Copley. She was 
amazed and pleased to find a complete col- 
lection of his lithographs in the Boston 
Public Library. This collection was form- 
erly the personal collection of the artist 
and contains many notes of interest. Many 
of Copley's most important prints are of 
Peter Copley, Miss Brown's husband. Miss 
Broivn has been seen in Boston in the mov- 
ing picture "I Know Yvliere I'm Going", and 
in New York in other British plays and 
pictures. Her husband, Peter Copley, is a 
member of the Old Vic Theatre in London 
and has also appeared in this country. 


On the same afternoon an informal open- 
ing of the Gustav Wolf Exhibition was held 
for the widow of the artist and a few of 
her friends. Mrs Wolf is presenting this 

the exhibition is proving to be one of the 
most interesting to be held in the Wiggin 

Mr Arthur W. Heintzelman, Keeper of 
Prints, has graciously donated his latest 
etching, a portrait of Albert Schweitzer, 
for the benefit of the Albert Schvreitzer 
Festival in Boston to give concrete as- 
sistance to Dr Schweitzer's Hospital in 
French Equatorial Africa. The print may 


be purchased at the Boris Mirski Gallery 
on Newbury Street. 





Any contribution to the Soap Box must be 
accompanied by the full name of the Asso- 
ciation member submitting it, together 
•with the name of the Branch Library, De- 
partment, or Office in which he or she is 
employed* The name is withheld from pub- 
lication, or a pen jiame used, if the con- 
tributor so requests. Anonymous contribu- 
tions are not given consideration. The 
author of the article is known only to the 
contributor and to the Editor-in-Chief, 
The contents of articles appearing in the 
Soap Box are personal opinions expressed 
by individual Association members and 
their appearance does not necessarily in- 
dicate that the Publications Committee and 
the Association are in agreement with the 
views expressed. 


One Phineas Pharphel, clerke of Danbury, 

Troubled by questions he did think upon 
Bethought himself a letter he would write 
With celerity and swiftly expedite 
To seek the answer to his mystery 
Unto the large and public library 
Which situate in Boston town doth be 
Noted for prompt and simple courtesy. 

Betimes the letter came to Copley Square 
Passed through the divers official channels 

Was stamped and dated by the higher echelon 
And then the lov/er until it came anon 
ViTith dispatch and with right good speed 
Unto the hand of Athanasius Smeed. 
A lowly reference fellow vras this Smeed, 
Quite fond of lore and given to bookish 

Vulio took to heart each notice and memor- 
(Swallowed 'era whole while others only 

scanned 'em) 
Ambitious, young and happy in the notion 
Advancing years would bring a Big Promo- 

Right merrily and with a right good will 
Smeed set to work and searched and searched 

YiTithin a tome quite ancient, beat and 

He came upc;i tJie answer "presto fusti" 
(Wnich is Italian for, "I do declare 
Vlho'd ever think to find that there thing 

Straightway he sat to write his discovery 
Unto the scholar in distant Danburj'' 
In simple language such as he was taught 
In the grammar school where learning he 

had sought; 
Dotted each i and crossed each tiny t 
And felt his mind at rest and conscience 


He little recked the chore he thought all 

YJas only just, and not too well, begun. 

For libraries large and proud of reputa- 

Before they'll send a letter through the 

Blessed with their sign and signature upon 

Must have it perfect as Petrarchean sonnet; 

And for to safeguard 'gainst fate melan- 

Brought on by indiscreet and youthful 

Have wisely chosen experts to examine 

Each reference letter for deadly gravamen. 

Smeed 's paltry prose they pounced upon 

with glee 
Uncovering each fault with great alacrity; 
Inserting colons where colons there were 

Inserting semi's where commas were begiin. 
And one did think the choice of vrords too 

And one did think the mood not enough 

And one did think it brief unto a failing; 
And one did think it hypersesquipedalian. 
And so it went and so corrections grew 
'Til Ossa piled on Pelion poor Smeed knev/. 

(There was no malice in it, there's no 

For all remarks were meant just as sugges- 

But since suggestions were scribbled on 
his letter 

Smeed had to type it over; 'twould look 


So back and forth it whisked, the sad 
. • epistle, • ■■ ',,.!■ i ; . 

And Smeed, ca'reworri,' forgot to sing', pr- 

whistle. . " ■ ., ■ , , . 
Unhappy Smeed is, J;iis.' mistakes grew more, 
He made' mistakes he'd'never heard of be- 
fore, . • , . 
'Til lol at last, as he reached the break- 
ing point, \ '■;; ^.^'.. 
Tired and vreary, ;an'aGne |n every joint, 
His answer was approved yathout delay 
Three years from date received right to 
the day, , ' ■ ■ . 

And then anon there came a grateful, note 
From Danbury, Qennecticut, 'twaa wrote, 
"My husband would have found your answer 

But Phineas Pharphel died while he was 


The -End' 

To the Soap Box: 

It may be good administrative policy to 
transfer persons without announcing vacan- 
cies in the case of moving first assist- 
ants, second assistants, or children's li- 
brarians — and even branch librarians — 
to comparable positions in other branch 
libraries. However, in the case of a va- 
cancy in the position of Chief of the Open 
Shelf Department, which we are led to , be- 
lieve will develop into a unique depart- 
ment in the Division of Home Reading and 
Community Services, hov^f could a decision 
have been made fairly that the position 
would be filled by transfer rather than, by 
projnotion until it was kno'im to the Adm^-n- 
istration which qualified persons were in- 
terested in the position. Transferring 
arbitrarily,' as appears to have been the, 
case, without allovdng qualified individ- 
uals to apply, vrould seem to the average 
person to be putting the cart before the 

For the Soap Box: 

The $6[i question this month is : Why was 
not the position of Chief of Open Shelf 
Department announced' as a vacancy to be 
filled either by promotion or transfer? 

To the Editor: 

It would be very interesting to learn 
just how many employees knew of the vacan- 
cy in the Open Shelf Department and how 
many eligible^ _emplQ^e,e;a^Jaa4~a. ■t>tiant.e "W" 
aipply for this position* . I, for one,"' knew 
nothing about it until the notice came out 
notifying all that a' new Chief had been 
appointed to 'Open ''Shelf', ' and in discussing 
it Yifith m^^ny feilow-employees find that 
they, too', were ignorant of the situation. 

Is the; pra'ctlc'e of notifying the staff 
of vacancies an Titular positions, so that 
qualified individuals" may apply artd be 
considered for such positions, no longer 
to be adhered to? 


Dear Soap Box: 

Do you suppose we shall be notified 
officially of the new vacancy in the 
Branch Issue Department? 



Dear Soap Box: 

It was with interest that I read the 
notice sent out November 3) 19^0, relative 
to the reorganization of the Open Shelf 
Department, and the accompanying notice 
announcing the new chief of that depart- 

I vrould like it understood that my com- 
ments concern not the person chosen for 
that position but the method used in mak- 
ing the choice, 

A few weeks ago we were all invited to • 
the Lecture Hall where during the three 
staff meetings hundreds of man hours vrere 
consumed in an explanation to the staff of 
a point system relative to the filling of 
titular positions. Much emphasiis was 
placed on college and library school train- 
ing with due consideration given to ex- : 
perience. I understood that titular posi- 
tions were to be "posted" in order that 
anyone interested might have the opportun- 
ity of applying. Yet vihen a titular posi- 
tion — and a very desirable position it 
is — became available in the Open Shelf 
Department, it was announced and filled 
simultaneously. Certainly a very great 
number of staff members were not aware 


until that Friday afternoon that such a . 
vacancy existed. 

Were it not for the fact that a similar 
position — that of Branch Librarian at 
Jamaica Plain Branch — was duly posted 
and months l4ter filled by a transfer, I 
would assume that I had misunderstood and 
that the "posting" process applied only to 
new positions. If Jamaica Plain Branch 
librarianship was open to competition, why 
not Chief of Open Shelf Department which ■ 
is a comparable, only more desirable, posi- 
tion? ... 

As I pointed out above, this is not' any 
reflection on the person chosen. She' may 
be the best qualified for the position'} 
yet, it is common knowledge that she has''- 
neither college nor library schoel' train-* 
ing. Now that fact may be very comforting 
to those vdthin the service who are hoping 
for promotion, or transfer,. to a more de- 
sirable position without those requisites. 
However, to those of us who are younger in 
the service and. who are striving, some- 
times under very great difficulties, to 
acquire college and/or library school 
training, it leaves a great unanswered 
question. Just how essential within the 
library system is college or library 
school training? Unless we'C"an~ be sure 
that certain procedures are t'o' be 'adhei'ed • 
to in all instaJices, it leaves those of us 
who are striving educationally, as well as 
by means of good ser"ra.ce on the present' 
job, in a state of uncertainty. ' If good 
jobs are filled before' we 'know they 'gxi'st, 
T/hy all the elaborate set-up? '■' ""- ""• ■'". ' 

My personal opinion is that thfe- filling- ' 
of the position of Chief of the Open Shelf 
Department without posting the fact that 
it was avail^-ble and fil-1-ing it with a ■ 
person who has neither college nor library 
school training has done much to undermine 
the morale of the staff. 


Good foodi Good prices! Big crowds! 
These are a fevif of the remarks overheard 
in the corridors in the days following 
the opening of THE COFFEE SHOP. 
One suggestion has been made also: 
Would not staggering relief periods 
help to relieve the congestion? 


Dr Martin Cremer, Director^ l«stde«%*c>i« 
Bibliothek, I.!arburg, Germany, Viiitei 
Central Library on November \$t 

Announcement has been made of the en- 
gagement of 'Miss Marie E. Murphy, East 
Boston Branch Library, to Mr Joseph T. 
If/hite of Charlfestown, 

Miss Marion .£•■ Flaherty, Orient Heights 
Branch Library, was married to Mr Francis 
L. 'Martin on November 11. 

Annovmcement has been made of the birth 
of a son, David Thomas, Jr., on November 
13, 19^0 to Mr and Mrs David T. McDonnell. 
Mrs McDonnell is the former Martha McGee 
of Dorchester B:.-£.nch Library. 




Second Shower for Marie McCarthy 

On November l5, the second shower of the 
week was given in honor of Miss Marie 
.McCarthy. -This one, held in the Women's 
•Lounge at. five o'clock, was planned by 
members .of the Book Purchasing Department 
where she works. Friends from other parts 
of the Library were also present. Marie 
received, many beautiful gifts, and re- 
freshments were tasty 'and abundant. 
November 20 has beeh' 'set as the wedding 
date for her marriage to Mr Herbert C. 
Hewes, Jr. 




The Question Mark could easily have been ready for distribution 
on the fifteenth, but it has been held over until the sixteenth 
intentionally. ViThy? Just in case any member of the Library 
staff should be among the six City of Boston employees "who 
have made outstanding contributions to the public service," to 
whom awards were to be made on the fifteenth at the Publ ic 
Service Dinner given by Boston Municipal Research Bureau. 
We wanted to have the opportunity of congratulating him or her 
publicly without waiting a whole month. 

We are glad that we waited I Miss Fanny Goldstein was given one 
of the six awards accompanied by a check for $$0, The citation 
reads as follows : 

This certificate is awarded to Fanny Goldstein, 
Branch Librarian, West End Libi^ary, Library 

She has labored for more than a quarter-century 
for the social and civic welfare of the West End 
and of the City of Boston at large, giving 
generously of her skill, her energy, and her 
deep human sympathy to bring about better under- 
standing among the various races and classes of 
people with whom she has come in contact. By 
word and deed alike she sets an admirable ex- 
ample to her staff, her colleagues and the 
community. Both as a professional librarian 
and as a loyal and active citizen she serves 
Boston well. 

Our sincere congratulations to Miss Goldstein — personally, 
and for upholding the honor of the Library Department. 
We're proud of heri 




Published by the Boston Public Library Professional Staff Association 

December 1950 

Volume V, Number 12 


Publications Committee: Mildred R. Adelson, John M. Carroll, Eleanor DiGiannantonio, 

M. Dorothy Brackett Ekstrom, Sarah M. Usher, Chairman 

Publication date 
The fifteenth of each month 

Deadline for submitting material ; 
The tenth of each month_ 



r ■") 


As The Question Mark completes its fifth 
year, and as it starts upon the second 
five years looking toward the completion 
of its first decade, it is mindful of the 
fate which befell its predecessor. Library 

Life — abandonment at the end of five 
years. In the lifetime of many present 
employees there has been one staff publica- 
tion only, but many other persons recall 
with nostalgia the days when Library Life 
flourished in printed form. Quoting from 
its first editorial: 

" Library Life will be a composite auto- 
biography, to which every member of the 
staff Tdll be expected to contribute his 
share. It will be the duty of the edi- 
tors from month to month to shape this 
continuous story into some sort of unity, 
that xve may be able to trace the groirbh 
in the corporate life of which each one 
of us is a part." 

We commend to your reading that earlier 
publication, which vras directed by able 
editorial staffs apnointed by the Adminis- 
tration, was launched Tvi-th greetings from 
the President of the Board of Trustees and 
the Director, and which went out of exist- 
ence after five years. 

A review of the organization and purpose 
of The Question ?1ark shows that it came 
into being because the constitution of the 
newly-organized staff association stipula- 
ted that there should be a staff bulletin. 
Its first editorial is quoted in part: 

"The present plan is to cover in brief 
form current library news and personal 
notes of general interest, with occasion- 
al notices of special books or articles 
on library topics. Further suggestions 
will be very welcome. There might, for 
instance > be an 'open forum' section; or 
one for discussion of projects undenray 
in the Branches or at Central; or any 
other feature which you would find use- 

The Question Mark has never passed be- 
yond the mimeographed stage, but it has 
gro^m in size and developed in content. 
At the end of five years it has lived 
through its early growing pains and enters 
its sixth year a robust child. More power 
to it I 


Mr Archibald MacLeish 

Boylston Professor of 
Rhetoric and Oratory, 
Harvard University; 
Former Librarian of Congress 

Guest Speaker 

for Mr MacLeish and Newly-elected 
Officers of the BPLPSA 

T/atch for Further Announcements 




New Staff Members --,.-.: r:--:--- ■.■*>-:::-5r-'.''' -vi 

Mrs Barbara C. Elam, North End Branch 
Library. - " 

Mr William R. Lewis, History Department. 

Miss Mary C. Day, Eact Boston Branch Li- 
brary (formerly worked part-time at Connol- 
ly Branch Library) 

Mss Yfinifred L. Glotzer, Mt Bowdoin 
Branch Library. 

M-il itary Service 

Mrs Sarah W. Flannerj^, Chief of the 
History Department and Deputy Supervisor 
of Reference and Research Services, has 
been recalled to-active duty with the 
United States Navy.: She will be located 
at the Tfave Officers Quarters, Naval Base, 
Norfolk, Virginia, 

Mr Robert J. Harris, Book Stack Service, 
has been called to active service vri-th the 
United States' Arngr. . , 

Chan ge of Ad dress • &•:•■;'" 

Laurence R, Bushey, S,.Ai 900-18-79 
N-^7 1006 2nd Avenue: •; 
N.A.T.T.C. Memphis 1$, Tennessee 

Transferred •;'; . 

Miss Dorothea A. Blue, from West End 
Branch Library tq Parker Hill Branch Li- 

Miss Mary A. Blute, from: Brighton Branch 
Library to Upharas Corner Branch Library. 

Miss Lois Cheverie J from Uphams Comer 
Branch Library to Bookmobile. . ': 

Miss Helen M. Donovan, from Bookmobile 
to West End Branch Library. 

Miss Jennie M. Femino, from East Boston 
Branch Library to Allston Branch Library. 

I.1rs Iphigenia LT'Eillios, from West 
Roxbury Branch Library to Brighton Branch 
Library . 

Mrs Evelyn G. Green, from Jamaica Plain 
Branch Library to Bookmobile, 

Miss Katherine A. LaBonte, from Allston 
Branch Library to Brighton Branch Library. 

Miss Patricia M. Egan, from Charlestown 
Branch Library to Washington Village Brandi 

Miss fferie E. "Murphy, from Parker Hill 
Branch Library to East Boston Branch Li- 

Miss Marjorie A. Obenauer, from Bookmo- 
bile to Jamaica Plain Branch Library. 

Miss Tyyne M. Saari, from North End 
Branch Library to Jamaica Plain Branch Li- 

Miss Marion Siraco, from Washington Vil- 
lage Branch Library to Charlestovm Branch 
L:ibraiy»---^^:r^::^" ■•■-■-■ '-" ' 

Miss A. Phyllis Freeman, from Mattapan . 
Branch Library to Mt Pleasant Branch Li- 

Miss Etta Lasker, from Mt Pleasant BrsTiCh 
Library to Codman Square Branch Library- 
Miss Eleanor O'Leary, from Codman Squ^.re 
Branch Library'- to Dorchester Branch;T"jy<. 


Miss Marie F. McCarthy, Book Purchasing 
Department, to Mr Herbert C. Hewes, Jr. 
Mr Hewes is on military leave from the 
Book Stack Sei'vice. 

Mss Patricia E. McDonoughi Washin^^-con 
Village Branch Library, to Jilr Joseph J. 

Births i 

A daughter, Margaret Anne, to Itr and 
Ifrs William B. Kelley, Jr.- , November l5., 
1950. Mrs Kelley is a member of the Book 
Selection Department, Division of -Home .'- 
Reading and Community Services. 
-A son, Christopher lilarc, to }Jhr and Mrs • 
George Pahud, December 7, 19^0. It: Pahud 
is a member of the Mu^ic Department » 

Resignations ' ' 

Itrs Gloria 0. Becker, Book Stack Service, 
to remain at home, 

Mrs. -Isabella P.. Windl:iara, Information Of- 
ficei to join her husband in Norfolk, 

Mr "Ralph H. Sullivan, 'Kifstein- -Business • 
Branch, to accept a position in the li--^ . . 
brary of "the Federal Security Agency in , 
Washington, ^D. C. ,.'.,■. 


Mrs lilary Brick Walsh, who retired on 
November 2^, was honored at a luncheon at 
the Hampshire House on Saturday, December 
2, Besides the staff of the South Boston 
Branch Library, there were present. Miss 
Ruth Hayes of Neponset, Miss Frances Lepie 
of Mt Bowdoin, Miss Mary' Ilackett of Parker 
Hill, Jtrs Mary Obear of Uphams Corner, and 
Miss Veronica Yotts, all of whom had 
worked at some time with Mrs Walsh, 

A basket decorated with a gay red and 
ViThite bow and filled with delicacies from 
S, S. Pierce v/as presented to the guest of 


Mrs Walsh has a long record of service 
to the library, first as Branch Librarian 
at Uphams Corner Branch Library, until her 
resignation at the time of her marriage; 
then as Unclassified Assistant for the 
past eight years. For six of these years 
the South Boston Branch Library has bene- 
fited from her friendliness and enthusiasm 
for her work. 



Miss Elizabeth H. McShane, Washington 
Village Branch Library, 370 Commonwealth 
Avenue, Boston 15« 

Miss Eleanor O'Leary, Dorchester Branch 
Library, Massachusetts Memorial Hospital, 
750 Plarrison Avenue, Boston I8. 

Miss Anne Moore, Office of Division of 
Home Reading and Community 
Upland Road, Brookline U6. 



On Saturday, November 2^, Miss J.1arie 
McCarthy, Book Purchasing Department, was 
married to Mr Herbert Hewes, Jr. of Boston, 
at St. Ambrose Church, Dorchester. The 
bride wore a candlelight satin gown with 
pearl embroidered and satin appliqued 
bertha. Her fingertip veil was caught to 
a Juliet cap of satin lattice work, en- 
twined with pearls. She carried a cascade 
of white glamellias, centered with 
Eucharistic lillies. The bride's sister. 
Miss Anne E. McCarthy, as maid of honor", 
wore a satin and taffeta gown of electric 
blue, and carried a cascade of pink and 
white chrysanthemums. A reception was 
held in the solarium of the Hotel Vendome, 
The couple are now residing in Dorchester 
after a honeymoon trip to the Berkshires, 


Mr Richard G. Appel attended a meeting 
of the Crescendo Club Tuesday, November 28, 
at the Hotel Touraine. Dean Holmes of the 
New England Conservatory of Music spoke of 
the scarcity of string players. Mr Appel 
invited members of the Club to make use of 
their library facilities and invited them 
especially to see the Boston Public Li- 
brary's exhibition of gifts. He explained 
the value of the reference collection of 
music and said that students and organiza- 
tions should be encouraged to purchase 
their ovm performing copies and not wear 
out out-of-print material. 



Miss Marion C. Kingman, South End Branch 
Library, 63 Perrin Street, Roxbury 19. 

Services, 30 


Mrs Catherine Macauley, Mrs Pauline 
Puglisi, Cataloging and Classification 
Department, Division of Reference and 
Research Services. 

Miss Barbara Gilson, History Department. 



Mr and Mrs Bernard D. Shea, of Evans ton, 
Illinois, have announced the birth of a 
daughter, Jennifer Hall Shea, November l5. 
Mr Shea vras formerly part-time assistant 
at Fellowes Athenaeum Branch Library, and 
is the son of Mrs Rose Hall Shea, part- 
time assistant at South End Branch Library. 


Professor Hideo Karasawa, Chief Assist- 
ant Librarian, Keio University, Tokyo, 

Professor Shigehiko Funaki, Principal of 
the Ueno Library School, Tokyo, Japan. 

Professor Hisnosuke Iziu, Professor of 
Linguistics in Kyoto National University 
and Librarian of the same institution. 


On Tuesday evening, November 21, a fare- 
well dinner vras given by the members of 
the Branch Issue Department, and several 
other friends, in honor of Mrs Grace B. 
Loughlin, on the occasion of her transfer 
to the Open Shelf Department. Shortly 
after five o- clock the group gathered at 
the Red Coach Grill where an excellent 
dinner ivas served.. The guest of honor was 
resplendent in her best bib and tucker^ 


•which was beautifully accented by a large 
and exotic-looking orchid. 

Mrs Loughlin's friends presented her 
with a sterling silver dresser set v/hich, 

in some mysterious way, they had discoveredi leading at 81.9 and Alary Sands a close 

was some thing which she would enjoy having;. 

The festivities were prolonged and gay 
with laughter and pleasant reminiscences 
of past experiences shared, and the eveniqs 
was v:ell advanced before the party broke 

liVhile I.lrs Loughlin iTill be greatly 
missed in the Branch Issue Department, we 
rejoice in her good fortune, and our best 
vdshes go vath her as she takes up her 
larger duties in the Open Shelf Department. 


Maintenance Employees' Union, Local 1311; 
(American Federation of State, County, and 
f^toiicipal Employees) vras organized in 
October 19^0 under a charter granted it by 
the international union. Eligible for 
membership in this Union are all Civil 
Service emploj'^ees in the Boston Public Li- 
brary, a group v/hich up to that time had 
no one organization of its ovm. The first 
official meeting vras held on December 7 in 
the Temporary Conference Room. Ivir Cliffoid 
L. Fay vras unanimously elected President; 
Mss Jane Hasson, Vice President; Mr 
Arthiir Burke, Financial Secretary; Miss 
lilary T. Sands, Secretary; Mr James W, 
Kinsella, Treasurer; and Mr Edward Lunny, 
Business Representative. All officers are 
members of the Buildings Department staff, 



After eleven weeks of the present season 
interest in the bowling league is still 
keen. There is a mem.bership totalling kO 
bowling enthusiasts who meet every Tuesday 
night, rain or shine. 

Team 8, captained by Jack Keneavy, is 
leading the League by a record of 3h 
points won and only 10 points lost, while 
Team 1, captained by John Sullivan, is 
running a close second with 31 points won 
and 13 points lost. 

The high single for the men is held by 
Dave Sheehan at 121 and for the women by 

Eileen Wilson at 109. The average for men 
is undisputedly held by John Sullivan with 
a high of 97.7, but the race is closer in 

the women's department with Eileen ITilson 

second, at 80, U. 




At this season of the year the first 
thought is "A Merry Christmas and a Happy 
New Year". Vifith so many parts of the 
world aflame with the evidences of "man's 
inhumanity to", we can be doubly 
grateful for the peace and security of ovir 
daily civilian lives. This year our 
Christmas greetings cannot be superficial. 
Their intent and meaning must be deep and 
lasting. We wish each and every one of 
you a goodly portion of the joy and peace 
which rightfully belong to every man, 
woman, and child at this season of the 
year, llay your happiness at this Christ- 
mas season be but the foretaste of many 
more equally joyous Christmas seasons in 
the years to come. 


Association activities move forward, 
though not with a speed tuned to the 
atomic age. The membership is to be con- 
gratul'tted on the large attendance at and 
active participation in the recent busi- 
ness meeting. Approximately one hundred 
and twenty-five members vrere in attendance 
which is very good representation consid- 
ering that for many departments Friday 
morning is an especially busy period and 
in all instances the routine vrork of the 
Library must be given precedence over As- 
sociation activities. The minutes of the 
meeting recently sent to the membership 
should acquaint those vi*io were unable to 
attend mth Y/hat transpired at the meeting. 


Congratulations to Mr Green on his 
"sweet" activities. As the "Candy Man" he 
is hard to beat. 

l^hen the holiday season is over how 
about turning our attention to some social 


activities? Yes, I knoYi vie shall be very 
busy -with plans for the workshop — but 
you kn<»w the old adage "all work and no 
play ..." — and vie mustn't be dull, 
A country dance? — a foriml dance? — a 
theatre party? Anyone vdth any bright and 
scintillating ideas please contact the 
president after January 1, 1951. 


The Winter Whist and Dance Party spon- 
sored by the Employees* Benefit Associa- 
tion was a huge success. On Saturday 
evening, December 2, Association members, 
other library employees, and their friends 
met in the Young People's Room and the 
Lecture Plall to play whist and dance. 

Fifty- two beautiful prises were awarded 
— ranging from a silver plate service for 
eight people to a scenic calendar vath 
lovely photographs in color. In addition 
there were door prizes of money, candy, 
and cigarettes i 

Mr and Ttrs Jlilton E. Lord were asked to 
work as well as play, Mrs Lord graciously 
selected the manners of the door prizes. 
Later, v/hen square dancing was desired, 
Mr Lord filled in as caller and did an ex- 
pert job, ?Ir Francis B. Masterson, 
Trustee, mingled v;ith the other guests and 
seemed to be enjoying himself. Coke and 
cookies were served v^hile Frankie Myers 
and his band played for dancings 

The Employees' Benefit Association is 
greatly indebted to the staff and their 
friends who supported us by donating gifts 
and by attending our party, 

Helen E. Colgan, Chairman 
Entertainment Committee 


In spite of a heavy rain, some sixty 
people gathered in the Temporary Confer- 
ence Room on Friday evening, December 8, 
to enjoy traveling by words and pictures 
through parts of the British Isles and 
continental Europe. Jtrs Geraldine S. 
Hcrrick, Chairman of the Program Committee, 

It was necessary to keep to a rigid time 
schedule so that the room would be vacated 

by ten o'clock. Miss Muriel C. Figenbavim 
gave a brief talk and then accompanied the 
shovdng of her slides by explanatory com- 
ments. The time alloted to the trip taken 
by Miss Edna G. Peck, Miss A. Virginia 
Haviland, and Miss Margaret A. Morgan vras 
divided (like Gaul) int^ three parts — a 
chatty talkj colored slides with commentaiy; 
and moving pictures, also vrith commentary, 
given by the three travelers respectively. 

The evening v/as so enjoyaW.e that many 
expressed the hope that there might be 
more similar informal meetings in the fu- 
ture Yirhen others of the Library's many 
travelers might share their pictures and 
their experiences v;ith their co-workers. 

HOW "STffiET" CAN W, B E? 

Mr Samuel Green of the Business Office 
reports that as the proprietor of "Ye 
Greene Candie Shoppe" he has done a land- 
office business this last week-. The staff 
has purchased, and vihat is more has paid 
for, li735 pounds of candy at the cost of 
$l,2l6o97. This represents a saving of 
approximately $610^00 for the staff. 
Surely Mr Green is to be congratulated. 
The staff recognizes that this is a task 
of major proportions, Tfe are grateful to 
Mr Green for his untiring efforts and we 
are doubly grateful for the substantial 
saving which these efforts have made pos- 
sible o 



How far reaching the influence of the 
Library and the Librarian can be is 
brought out in the following incident: 

On a recent evening a young woman and an 
elderly gentleman were browsing about the 
Youn^ People's Roomie We were aware that 
the appearance of the room, and the dis- 
covery of many familiar books were the 
reasons for much enthusiastic conversation 
between the two, even though carried on in 
soft tones. Frankly, Tie were curious. We 
knew, somehow, that they were not librar- 
ians, and the casual sightseer rarely 
shows such interest. 

Finally the lady came to the assistant 
on duty and said, "Do you know, I have 
come all the way from Honolulu to see this 


room and it looks just as I remembered it, 
I should have been so disappointed to 
find it changed in any wayl" We remarked 
that since it meant so much to her it was 
virell that she came in 19^0; that if she 
had delayed much longer, she probably 
vrould not find the Young People's Room in 
the same location. She told us that in 
1920 she and her brother were stricken 
with "polio" . Tmce a year they were 
brought to Boston for treatment. "How I 
looked fon-fard to those trips I I'Thile my 
mother vrent to the hospital to be v;ith my 
brother, she left me at the Library. 
This happened every spring and fall for 
five or six years and each visit lasted 
about three weeks. After 1926 we never 
came again. You see, in our small town 
in upper New York there was no public 
library and my introduction to so many 
good books took place right in this room. 
The memory of the happy times spent here 
I have carried with me all these years, 
I have many times promised myself to come 
back to see the room, so this year I was 
coming for the ViTiite House Conference and 
decided to make a special visit to Boston." 
She told hov: during her youth, and v;ith 
her father's help, they started a small 
library in her tovm and there she told 
stories for a few years before she went 
away to medical school. She spoke of 
Miss Jordan and of the "lady with the 
gray hair", virhose name she had forgotten, 
both of whom had been so generous in 
helping her to find the very best books, 
and of the influence these books had on 
her life. 

Upon learning that Miss Toy vras still 
here, she promised to come back the next 
morning at nine o'clock, to see her. She 
did come, carrying a beautiful lei, vfhich 
she placed over ItLss Toy's shoulders 
while greeting her as the Hawaiians do. 
It vras a nice token of her appreciation 
for the Library and for those who had 
made her childhood so happy. 

The name of the visitor was Dr Pauline 
G. Stitt. Although handicapped (she is 
lame and uses a cane), she is a pedia- 
trician and at present Chief, Bureau of 
Maternal and Child Health, Territory of 
Hawaii. We discovered an article by Dr 
Stitt in the Personnel Journal for ^ 
Oct'^ber 19^0 and vie also found a resume 
of her education and the title of her 
present position. The article is titled: 
"Err.ployment and management - working to- 


Following the monthly Branch Meeting on 
December 6, the Christmas Luncheon for the 
group took place at Salmagundi's. The 
guest of honor was Miss Edith Guerrier, 
Supervisor of Branch Libraries, Emeritus , 
In honor of her eightieth birthday. Miss 
Guerrier was presented with a check for 
$110 for addition to the EDITH GUERRIER 
FUND, which had been created and presented 
to the Boston Public Library at the time 
of I/Iiss Guerrier 's retirement from the 
Library in 191^0. 

In honor of her recognition by the Muni- 
cipal Research Bureau at the Public Serv- 
ice Dinner on November 1^ as one who had 
made outstanding contributions to the pub- 
lic service, Miss Fanny Goldstein was pre- 
sented with an orchid from the Branch Li- 

Guests at the luncheon, in addition to 
Miss Guerrier, included: Branch Librar- 
ians, Emeritus , Mrs Edith H. Bailey, Misses 
Mary E, Ames, M. Florence Cufflin, Mary M, 
Sullivan, and Rebecca E. Fillis; Hesdames 
Muriel C. Javelin, Grace B. Loughlin, and 
Elizabeth L. Vfright, and Misses Beatrice M, 
Flanagan, Ethel M. Hazlewood, Mary M. 
McDonough, Edna G. Peck, Pearl B. Smart, 
and Sarah M. Usher, 


If you want to escape from the thoughts 
of "only 10 more days until Christmas", 
then transport yourself back over the 
years to the time when you thrilled to the 
night before Christmas and the fascinating 
possibilities of Santa's visit by seeing 
the exhibit now in the Chavanne Gallery. 
There you will find some 30 different il- 
lustrated versions of the one poem. The 
Night Before Christmas by Clement Clark 
Moore. Editions illustrated by Arthur 
Rackham and Jessie Willcox Smith are there, 
as well as some linenette editions which 
are very durable. 

The books are a collection oTmed by Miss 
Priscilla S. MacFadden, Chief of the Fine 
Arts Department, 






One morning a few weeks ago in the Book 
Purchasing Department, The Question Mark 
was pondering the mid-century mark. With 
so much being said and written about the 
progress made in the last fifty years in 
the automobile industry and in the manu- 
facture of plumbing fixtures, why was 
there no word of how the Library was get- 
ting on at the turn of the century? We 
had not lived very long in Copley Square 
at that time. What was the Library offer- 
ing its reading public then? TiThat was 
being written and published and what 
prices were paid for the books that were 
bought? How many people were being served 
by the Library? 

Suddenly, the door of a little cupboard 
in the vra.ll flew open and there before the 
astonished eyes of The Question Mark lay 
all the answers, or nearly all of them, in 
a few faded sheets of thin white paper, 
carefully typed and stapled and bearing 
the dates week by vreek from January 7 to 
April 28, 1898, the so-called Trustees' 
lists. In these lists was recorded for 
many years the purchase of every book and 
periodical bought for Central, Branches, 
and Deposit, now called Branch Issue, The 
entry for each item showed its author, 
title, and cost, and the balance remaining 
was figured after the deduction of all the 
items from the available total. A copy of 
each such list in its completed form was 
laid before each trustee at the weekly 
meetings of the Board on Friday afternoons 
from October to May» Since The Question 
Mark had no thought of attempting to de- 
fine the limits of the past biennium, the 
year 1898 was accepted as typical of what 
the Library was doing fifty-odd years ago. 

In that year, the Library family includ- 
ed, in addition to Central and Deposit, 
ten Branches, and eighteen other locations, 
five of which were described in the lan- 
guage of that day as "Reading Rooms" and 
thirteen others as "Delivery Stations." 
Only Branches vrere dignified by names, 
such as East Boston or Jamaica Plain, The 
Stations were designated by the letters of 
the alphabet, at that time ranging from 
A to U. The Library was serving a city 
population of ^60,892, 

E:'.ghteen ninety-eight, it seemed, was a 
good year for publishers as well as authors 

Harper's had three head-liners that spring, 
among them Roden's Corner bsr Henry Seton 
Merriman published at f?l,75, of which the 
Library took 18 copies at ^l.lli each, 8 
for Central, 8 for Branches, 2 for Deposit; 
E. F. Benson's The Vintage , bought by the 
Library in 11 copies at the disco^jnt price 
of ;!^.98 each, 1 for Central, 8 for Branches, 
2 for Deposit; and Israel Zangwill's 
Dreamers of the Ghetto , similarly priced, 
of which 13 copies were bought, 3 for 
Central, 9 for Branches, 1 for Deposit, 
The house of Appleton was having a field- 
day with David Harum while Longmans, Green 
was doing nicely with two items by Stanley 
J. Yfeyman, The Castle Inn and Shrewsbury. 
Fifteen copies of each of these last were 
acquired by the Library at the special 
rate of $,98 each. 

There was evident restraint in our atti- 
tude toward d'Annunzio's Maidens of the 
Rocks which had come out in Italian in 
1896 'and was now appearing in the English 
translation. Only one copy of this vras 
bought for what vras knovm as Bates Hall 
Fiction, a term that implied that the book 
could only be read in the Library. It was 
not for home use. Maurus Jokai's Lion of 
Janina shared a similar fate of one copy 

only, also limited to use in Bates Hall. 
Caution was indicated here. 

But no difficulty was felt about Carita , 
a Cuban romance , by Louis Pendleton, which 
vias ordered in 12 copies, or Rosa N. 
Carey's Other Peoples' Lives , published by 
Lippincott Virhich drev: an order for 15 
copies in the first yreek in January, and 
was followed in the spring by lU copies of 
A Desert Drama by A. Conan Doyle. 

It was noted with some surprise that 
J. S, Fletcher's The Making of Matthias , 
brought out by Lane, merited axi order for 
only two copies, though The Builders , by 
the same author was good for twelve. We 
did better with George Gissing's The 
YiJhirlpool which had come out in England in 
1897 and took 13 copies at the start. 

Of course, Anthony Hope, with his new 
edition of the Prisoner of Zenda , pub- 
lished four years earlier, made the grade 
easily as he did mth his I898 contribu- 
tion Simon Dale , of "vriiich I8 copies were 
bought outright. 

Houghton Mifflin meanwhile was romping 
away with Mary Johnston's Prisoners of 
Hope and Gilbert Parker's Battle of the 

Strong and Doubleday and McClure Comnany 
were putting out their 55th thousand of 


Kipling's The Day's Work . 

Mrs Humphry ^'.'ard with Helbeck of Bannis- 
dale in tvro volumes was out in front with 
lU copies. But Henry James did not fare 
so well. Of his two titles which came out 
in that year, In the Cage was readily ac- 
cepted with a dozen copies but The Two 
Mapjics was flatly rejected and when up for 
reconsideration six years later was again 

On the more serious side, the lists were 
well bolstered with the contributions of 
John Fiske, LjTnan Abbott, and William 
James. General Nelson A. Miles was writ- 
ing Itilitary Europe ; the Webbs, Sidney, 
and Beatrice, wez'e offering Industrial 
democracy . On the technical side was 
Maria Parloa ' s Home Economics which the 
Century Company advertised as helpful 
towards saving m^oney and economizing time, 
a necessity for every household, and in 
Van Nostrand's list, one Louis Lockert vfas 
dovm as the author of Petroleum Motor Cars, 

We find that the Boston Directory of 
1898, published by Sampson, Ifurdock was 
selling at mS^.OO a copy. The Library 
bought 13 of these, and one copy of the 
Boston Blue Book for the same year, price 
$3,00, which was needed for Bates Hall. 
Sell's Dictionary of the ?forld's Press we 
acquired for #1.8? and Jane's All the 
world's fighting ships for ■'|2,62. 
''fhitaker's Directory of titled persons 
cost only Si. 00, In the Periodical Room, 
an additional subscription to McClure's 
fegazine was needed at a cost of $1.00 and 
$2.00 each was spent on subscriptions to 
the Journal of Inebriety published in 
Hartford, Connecticut, and to the Horse- 
less Age . 

From across the water, we were acquiring 
The diplomatic history of America , by 
Henry Harrisse, published a year earlier 
by Henry Stevens, at 6/9 or Cpl.62 to the 

Havrbhorne ' s Blithedale romance in its 
first edition of 1852 vias ours for $1,50. 

Topics of timely interest were reflected 
in such titles as Republican responsibili- 
ty for present currency perils , by Perry 
Belmont, brought out by Putnam at a cost 
to the Library of |5.33, together with Th^ 
Dreyfus Case , by G. Guyon, rffered for 
$«25. A list of the first vreek in January 
carried many titles on Social Reform. Wq 
were spending 16/ or $htOO for Communism 
in Central Europe in the time of the 
Reformation , by Karl Kautsky, and a need 

felt even then was evidenced by a copy 
bought for Deposit of Anna Payson Call's 
Power through Repose . John Davidson vras 
writing on The bargain theory of wages , 
published by Putnam, 0.98 to the Library, 
and there vras a forward look to us of to- 
day in the title The veto power , by E. C. 

At an auction sale at Libbie's to be 
held on February 8 and 9, I898, $150.00 
was allov;ed to be spent from trust funds 
income for a number of titles which Mr 
Allen A. Brown had selected as desirable 
for the Library's Music department. 

But it is in the pages of replacements 
for Central, Branches, and Deposit that 
we feel that we are really "home," 

There was Longfellow's Outre-Mer ; Three 
gringos in Venezuela and Central America, 

by Richard Harding Davis; Miss Parloa 's 
kitchen companion ; Coffin's Old times in 
the colonies , and the Boys of" "'"61 ; U cop- 
ies of The Christian , by Hall Caine; 
Walter Camp's American Footba ll; a flock 
of Alcott books, Little Wome n, and A gar- 
land for girls , and Under the lilacs ; 
Thoraa.s Hardy's A pair of blue eyes , first 
published in l872; Hacaulay's Lays of 
Ancient Rome ; Strangers and pilgrims by 
M, E. Braddon; and A traveller from 
Altruria, by William Dean Howells, 

More copies v/ere needed also as Branch 
replacements of A houseboat on the Styx , 
by John Kendrick Bangs, ■'$,82, Cooper's 
The deerslayer , $.82 and S. R. Crockett's 
The raiders , $.98; of Editha's burglar , by 

Mrs Burnett; of J. T. Trowbridge, Lucy C. 
Lillie, Charlotte M. Yonge and Andrew Lang; 
of Spyri and a long line of Henty books. 
The Lion of the North , I'he dash for 
Khartoum , Condemned as a" Nihilis t, and 

Through Russian Snows , all of these last 
at $.98 each. ' 

let, in this Eden of low costs, Mr 
Herbert Putnam, the librarian, in his an- 
nual report for the year I898, was vn:'iting 
prophetically? "With each year of its 
development the Library requires a larger 
sum for its maintenance*" Yfe were heing 
conditioned even then for the day of some 
thirty Branch Libraries, a city population 
of 788, 55U, open shelves, films, phono- 
graph records, and a Bookmobile, 

Christine Hayes 



It Twas a great privilege for me to at- 
tend the Midcentury lATiite House Conference 
on Children and Youth which convened in 
Washington December 3 through ?• These 
conferences are held every ten years at 
the call of the President of the United 
States, This midcentury conference was 
the fifth and largest, with upwards of six 
thousand delegates from all parts of the 
country participating. 

It is a stimulating experience to be a 
part of any gathering of such size, but 
when the entire body concentrates its best 
thinking on one theme, then the experience 
becomes memorable. The theme for this 
conference can best be stated in the fol- 
lowing words of the National Committee: 
"The purpose of the Conference shall be 
to consider how we can develop in 
children the mental, emotional and 
spiritual qualities essential to in- 
dividual happiness and to responsible 
citizenship, and what physical, eco- 
nomic, and social conditions are 
deemed necessary to this development." 
Reduced to a simple phrase which was heard 
often during the conference, this theme 
can also be stated as a concern "to provide 
each child with a fair chance to achieve a 
healthy personality." 

This vras the first Vifhite House Confer- 
ence which included the entire child, as 
the focus for earlier conferences had been 
on improving various aspects of health, 
welfare, and social conditions. This also 
was the first conference which included 
the direct participation of young people. 
There viere about one hundred and fifty 
high school and college students who at- 
tended and participated actively in all 

Although there vrere so many delegates, 
the conference plan permitted each person 
present to have an opportunity for active 
as vrell as passive participation. There 
were the great general sessions, addressed 
by outstanding speakers whose messages 
brought inforiTiation and stimulation to all; 
there were thirty-one small panels meeting 
simultaneously on tvro days where special- 
ists and lay members of the conference con- 
sidered various aspects of the theme j and 
finally, there were thirty-five v/ork 
groups who were responsible for the find- 
ings and recommendations. Grouped into 

five sections, each of which was further 
sub-divided into small working bodies, 
these Yifork groups were concerned with an 
intensive study of the five following sub- 

lo Furthering healthy personality devel- 
opment in children and youth. 

2. Furthering healthy personality devel- 
opment through the family, the church, 
the school, and other social insti- 

3. iiaking more positive the influence 
of religious, social, and economic 
forces on personality development. 

U. Furthering the healthy personality 
development of children in special 
5. Mobilizing citizens for the improve- 
ment of conditions affecting the 
personality development of children 
and youth. 
Although it was reported that there vrere 
hundreds of recommendations coming from 
these work groups, the committee on recom- 
mendations presented ninety to the body as 
a whole for adoption. A printed report of 
the findings and recommendations in final 
form will be made to the general public in 

A part of the great National Guard 
Armory where the conference was held, was 
turned over to exhibits. One of the most 
interesting of these was the A,L.A. ex- 
hibit. An arresting display was further 
augmented by an exhibit of books from the 
V/ashington Public Library, a scrapbook 
compiled in California shomng library 
activities and including many book lists, 
and "give-away" material in the form of 
reading lists and an informational folder. 
There were somewhat under thirty librar- 
ians attending the conference, and this 
booth provided a common meeting ground for 

Libraries vrere included in the proceed- 
ings, as vrell. A recommendation from the 
work group on leisure time which was 
adopted and sent to the recommendations 
committee read as follows: 


Washington Office: Hotel Congressional 
300 Nevj- Jersey, Yfashington 3, D- C. 
Atlantic 9920, Extension IiOU 

December 3, 19S0 


Dr. George D. Stoddard, Chairman 

Recommendations Committee 

White House Conference on Children and 

Washington, D. C. 

Dear Dr. Stoddard: 

The Librarians assembled at the V/hite 
House Conference on Children and Youth 
submit the following statement to your 
Committee, and sincerely hope that it will 
be included in the final recommendations 
submitted to the Conference, 

To achieve maturity of personality 
as responsible citizens in a democratic 
society, all children and young people 
and the adults working with them, must 
have continuing access to new ideas 
and information, and to the experience 
of the past. The Library, widely rec- 
ognized for its contribution to whole- 
some recreation, is the resource cen- 
ter where the best materials on many 
subjects are collected and T/^here serv- 
ices are provided to groups and indi- 
viduals of all ages, races, and creeds 
in an atmosphere of freedom and democ- 

Since one quarter of our people are 
without any libraries, we recommend 
that community library services be 
provided for all our citizens and that 
the library as an educational agency 
and information center be greatly 
strengthened and extended. 

Sincerely yours, 

(Mrs.) Loleta D. Fyan, President- 

American Library Association 

Members of the BPL staff will be partic- 
tilarly interested to know that Miss Eva J. 
Anttonen, former Children's Librarian from 
the East Boston Branch Library and at 
present in Mexico City at the Benjamin 
Franklin Librarjj was a conference delegate. 
She wished to have greetings extended to 
all her former associates, 

Mrs Beryl Robinson 
Children's Librarian 
East Boston Branch Library 




The part-time assistants of the Central 
Library are currently making preparations 
for the sixth annual Christmas party, to 
be held in the Women's Lounge, on Friday 
evening, December 22, from 7 P. M. to 10 
P. M, The committee has planned an even- 
ing of entertainment from some of the more 
talented members of the staff. It is a 
source of constant speculation as to 
whether this affair will turn from a 
Christmas party into a Broadway production, 

P. W. M. 


When doing your Christmas shopping, 
remember the Post Card Counter. 


Did you know that New England News 
carries a line of Christmas cards 
and toys as well as books — and 
allows us the customary discount 
on them? 

Mail packages early — after they have 
been securely wrapped and distinctly 


Christmas cards mailed in unsealed 
envelopes require 2(^ postage, even 
though addressed to Boston Postal 


Eat in the Concession and save money 
enough for Christmas "extras", 



k December 19^0 

Dear Miss Usher: 

Because of the increased interest of the 
part-time assistants in library news and 


library policies and because of the ac- 
tive participation of the extra assist- 
ants in BPLPSA social affairs, I would 
like to request that in each issue of The 
Question I.tark , one or two pages be de- 
voted to part-time assistants' news, em- 
bracing social affairs, outings, person- 
nel changes, etc. The part-time assist- 
ants themselves have no organ for the 
dissemination of news and information, 
and the use of The Question Mark , vrtiich 
is already vri.dely read by the part-time 
staff, would fill this hiatus. Thanking 
you in advance for any consideration 
which might be given on this subject, I 
remain - 

Very truly yours, 

(Signed) Paul W. McGillicuddy 
Paul W. lie Gill icuddy, 
part-time assistant. 
Patent Room. 

Editor's Note ; The present policy has 
been to accept and incorporate into The 
Question Mark any neTiTs of activities of 
part-time assistants vfhich has been sub- 
mitted. The only exception has been 
service changes, because the turnover in 
this particular group of Library vrorkers 
is too large and too frequent for a staff 
publication to undertake to keep up-to- 

The Publications Committee suggests 
that this group appoint a representative 
so that the news of happenings among 
part-time vrorkers vdll be centralized and 
then forwarded to the Editor by the tenth 
of each month. The information vdll be 
considered as all other contributions are 
and will be absorbed into the publication 
under the proper headings. 


Christmas in Copley Square began offi- 
cially at l4.,30 p.-.m. on December 11, 1950. 
At this hour, His Honor, ^he Mayor, offi- 
cials from City depart-nents including the 
Library, and officers of the Back Bay As- 
sociation vrere present to inaugurate the 
holy and festive period just ahead. 

With a lighted Christmas tree in the 
triangular plot opposite the Library, 
candles brightening all the street lights 

in the Square, and decorations on the sur- 
rounding buildings, the Library was not to 
be outdone. Ropes of laurel have been 
twirled over the framework of the beauti- 
ful iron gates at the entrance, pine 
wreaths grace each of the three front 
doorways, red and green lights add color 
to the lanterns overhead, and in each of 
twenty windows along the front is a light- 
ed candle. 

These decorations are a tribute to the 
ingenuity of the members of the Library's 
own Buildings Department, The candles 
were designed by the Superintendent of 
Buildings, Mr William F, Quinn, wired by 
our electricians, painted red by our paint- 
ers (with a realistic touch of white paint 
added for candle dripping by Mr Reilly) , 
These were in answer to an appeal for 
something homemade to stretch our thin 
end-of~the-year budget, 



Christmas Eve at a Tra o peras Cabin in 
the North Woods is tlie theme of the 

Christmas project at the South End Branch 
Library this year. To create a vfoods ef- 
fect there are bare trees and bushes 
against which is a real moss-chinked log 
cabin complete with fireplace and chimney 
down which Santa vrith his vrell-filled pack 
is about to descend, v:hile his sleigh and 
eight reindeer res"G on the roof. 

Apparently the sound of sleigh bells has 
aroused the trapper's little daughter be- 
cause there she is looking out one of the 
Tdndows, She can't see Santa, but she 
does spy a huge snovman — perhaps it is 
Frosty* And she can also see the small 
lighted Christmas tree, to make no mention 
of the readers seated beyond the front 
dooryard. Better scurry back to bed, lit- 
tle girl, or Santa will catch you wide 
aiTake i 

All this is the work of our very good 
friend and neighbor, Joseph Kharibian, who 
has for the past several years arranged 
other displays for us, to the vast enjoy- 
ment of children and grovm-ups. We should 
be very pleased to have you come, one and 
all, to see our exhibit, and, of course, 
admire it, 




Dear Miss Usher: 

Recently there was compile'd by llrs Sarah 
W. Flannery and the staff of the Histol'y 
Department a list of books to supplement 
the excellent front lobby exhibition on 
Danger Spots in the World Today , If there 
is any one on the staff who has any doubts 
as to the quality of the selection of the 
books, they need only to consult the re- 
quired reading list of one of the Govern- 
ment courses at Harvard University and out 
of the nine books required for reading, 
five of them are on the Boston Public Li- 
brary reading list. For any other such 
student as myself, these reading lists 
present both an easily accessible way to 
acquire the books and also other books to 
supplement this reading. Mrs Flannery and 
her staff are to be commended for their 
excellent discretion in selecting the books 

Very truly yours, 

(Signed) Paul ViT. McGillicuddy 
Paul W. McGillicuddy 
Patent Room 



The suggestion was made to the Publica- 
tions Committee that readers of The Ques- 
tion llhrk would be- interested to know what 
happened when the lights went out and 
stayed out for over an hour all over the 
city on Sunday, November 19; and further, 
that the story should be told from two 
points of view — the female and the male. 
Miss Esther J. Leonard, Teachers* Depart- 
ment, and Mr Frank P. Bruno, Science and 
Technology Department, Patent Room, have 
furnished the stories. 

Sunday, November 19, was an unusually 
busy day. Teachers, students, and visi- 
tors came in about their business and left 
so that by 6,«30 there were twenty-five pa- 
trons in the Teachers Department, One < 
teacher was busily searching for visual- 
aid material. We supplied her with books 
and periodicals on radio, television, re- 
cordings, and motion pictures. Each time 
we gave her a new subject she wanted more, 
and each time we could see less and less. 
Tifere we tired? ¥fere we losing our eye- 
sight? The teacher wore glasses and they 

shone brightly in the gloom. Maybe we 
needed glasses! It got dimmer and dimmer. 
Just as we thrust another volume on visual 
aidis at our avid teacher, the closing bell 
clanged insistingly. The readers raised 
their eyes from their books and peered at 
US' questioningly. Some asked if it was 
nine o'clock and others wondered if this 
was a fire drill. Vfe' endeavored to answer 
all inquiries, at the same time literally 
pushing our readers out of the room. Very 
soon the custodian rushed in with a flash- 
light and ordered us all out, readers and 
attendants alike. He too, did not know 
the answer to our questions. Coats 
dragged on the floor and books dropped 
from hands that you could not see. As we 
rushed by the desk in the Young People's 
Room the attendants were trying to charge 
books and to give a reply at the same time 
to a lady customer who asked if this vfas 
the vray the library closed every Sunday, 
Alas and alack, we reached the middle 
stairs. Like ghostly shadows we crawled 
down the staircase to the first floor. 
That there were no casualties suffered by 
the staff or the public is still a wonder. 
Herded together outside the iron gates we 
waited shivering; some of us did not have 
time to get our vncaps. Even though dark- 
ness reigned and we all stood waiting, 
some college boys asked if they could come 
in and study. 01 the thirst for knowl- 
edge! Time marched 'on and things really 
looked black but not at Mr Epstein's (the 
Goldfish Bowl) where- business flourished. 
The excitement was all oVer at ?,*l5 — 
then vre had light but no customers, 

E. J, L, 

At about 6:22 P. M,, November 19 the 
lights went out. It would seem that such 
a statement ^vould be a complete descrip- 
tion of what happened, but such was not 
the case. 

There were about 519 patrons and seventy- 
five employees scattered throughout the 
building in the various rooms, offices, 
and departments. None of us knew exactly 
what had happened. It vras obvious that 
the power failed, but whether it was just 
the Library or the square or the city vre 
did not know. The patrons were somewhat 
bevdldered but generally calm and they 
■patiently av;aited vrord from the staff as 
to what to do« 


The wail of the sirens and the sound of 
the bells were the signal for us to evacu- 
ate the building. With the aid of flash- 
lights and under the guidance of the Li- 
brary people^ the patrons began their ar- 
duous trip out of the building. Everyone 
got out and they were asked to wait till 
they received word to return to the build- 

The comment from the public varied from 
praise of the way they were being treated 
to disappointment in not being able to do 
the work they had planned for the evening. 

Those of the patrons who became impa- 
tient and wished to get their belongings 
were escorted back into the building where 
they retrieved their belongings and were 
escorted out again. 

About 7!l5 P. M. the lights came on. 
Back to our jobs we went relieved of the 
unprecedented tension of the evening, 

F. P. B. 


The Committee on CARE wishes to thank 
all the members of the BPLPSA for their 
efforts and great help in sending food 
packages and books to our friends in other 
countries, during the past year. 

Letters received recently from France, 
Israel, Norway, and Germany have acknowl- 
edged the package with expressions of sin- 
cere gratitude and the hope that the Asso- 
ciation will have a Happy and Peaceful 
Christmas and Nev/ Year. 

Special Committee on CARE 

Doris N. French 
Florence K. Goodman 
Bertha Keswick 
Helen L. Lambert, Chairman 


In the Children's Room of the Fest End 
Branch Library, a recent exhibit consisted 
of a large poster bearing pictures of sev- 
eral small borrowers, with notes about 
their book favorites. This drew much at- 
tention and everyone was anxious to donate 
personal photographs and names of books for 
the poster. One little girl said to the | 

Children's Librarian, "Teacher, in a few 
days, I'll bring in my picture. It's to 
be taken at school and will be full-length." 

"Fine", said the Children's Librarian, 
"but are you sure about that? Usually 
school pictures are only of the head and 

"Oh, yes", v;as the reply, "I saw the 
notice on the teacher's desk. It said, 
'On Monday, pictures will be taken of the 
entire student body'," 


The Quarter Century Club invites all 
staff members and friends to attend an in- 
formal New Year's Night party in the Cen- 
tral Library building on January 1, 19^1, 
from 8 to 12 m. There will be entertain- 
ment in the Lecture Hall and music and 
dancing in the Abbey Room and other parts 
of the second floor. Tickets, at $1,25 
each, are available through Mr Robert F. 


On Tuesday, December 12, 19^0, a joint 
meeting of the Steering Committee and the 
Planning Committee for the proposed series 
of workshops to be held in the spring of 
1951, was held in the Temporary Conference 
Room, Plans for the workshop series and 
the subject to be studied virere the out- 
growth of recommendations made by the 
Special Committee on In-Service Training, 
These recommendations of the In-Service 
Training Committee were based on the re- 
sults obtained from a questionnaire sent 
to staff members. Shortly after this re- 
port was accepted by the Association, a 
Steering Committee was appointed, made up 
of — firs Dorothy Lovett, Business Branch; 
Mr George Earley, General Reference De- 
partment; and Tliss Evelyn Levy, Jeffries 
Point Branch Library, Chairman. This Com- 
mittee made a thorough study of workshop 
procedures and presented a very full re- 
port, Tdth specific suggestions, to the 
Executive Board. One suggestion of the 
Steering Committee was that a Planning Com- 
mittee should be set up to implement the 
workshop procedure. This Committee is 
made up of the following: 


Division of Reference and Research ; 

Mrs Ilargaret D. Butler, Periodical and 
Newspaper Department. 

Miss Eleanor F. Halligan, Statistical 

Miss Esther J. Leonard, Teachers' Depart-' 

llir Eamon E. McDonough, General Reference 

Mr Paul V. Moynihan, General Reference 

Miss Sona Semerjian, Kirstein Business 

Division of Home Reading and Community 
Services ; 

Mrs Eleanora N. Chaplik, Washington Vil- 
lage Branch Library. 

Miss Helen E. Golgan, West End Branch 

Miss A. Virginia Haviland, Phillips 
Brooks Branch Library. 

Mrs Veronica M. Lehane, Memorial Branch 

Mrs Beryl Robinson, East Boston Branch 

Mrs Irene H. Tut tie. South Boston Branch 

At this joint meeting, at vihich almost a 
full membership was in attendance, plans 
were outlined for the carrying out of a 
series of workshops - March through Ifey, 
19^1 - on the Evaluation of Book Materials 

of interest to staff members of both the 
Division of Reference and Research and the 
Division of Home Reading and Community 
Services* Early in 19^1 a registration of 
staff members will be undertaken to deter- 
mine the staff interest in this project. 
It is urged that all who can shall partic- 
ipate in order to bring the greatest gains 
to the greatest number at a ndnimum of ex- 
pense. The Workshop Series of 19^1 is now 
in your hands. Your willingness to par- 
ticipate in every way suited to your in- 
dividual talents will determine the suc- 
cess of the undertaking. 




in terms of use in the Library . 

At a workshop, experienced people come 
together to study problems of common in- 
terest. Working groups are organized a- 
round common interests and common problems. 
The success of a working conference de- 
pends upon the contributions of both lead- 
er and participants. It is essential that 
both should work together toward the at- 
tainment of a common goal. Group thinking 
progresses only as each member of the unit 
graciously subjects his ideas to the test 
of factual evidence. An open-minded ob- 
jective attitude toward the opinions and 
experiences of others is essential. Each 
individual bears a responsibility to the 
group. Participation to be effective must 
be pertinent, thoughtful, and relative to 
the problem of the group. With these re- 
sponsibilities of the individual in mind, 
the joint committees drew up the following 
outline of procedure: Miss Evelyn Levy, 
Jeffries Point Branch Library, and Chair- 
man of the now-dissolved Steering Committee 
was appointed Co-ordinator. It was decided 
to have one workshop with subject coverage 

Books fly merrily to every corner of the 
blue "night-before-Christmas" sky in the 
Junior Library. Yellov;, blue, orange, 
green, and gold — the bell tower, the 
clock steeple, and house tops rise above 
snowy village trees. Although Santa's bag 
is bursting at the seams, the gay old man 
doesn't seem to mind as he stands on a 
roof top and tosses the books along their 
way, hoping the children will find them in 
the nooks and crannies where they fall on 
Christmas morning. This Christmas scene 
T/hich greets you as you enter the Junior 
Room is effectively arranged to give a 
three-dimensional appearance. 

The holiday spirit is pi'esent everywhere. 
Weekly story hours are featuring Christmas 
legends and the singing of Christmas 
carols. The children's interest in cus- 
toms of other lands is especially strong 
this year, and gay paintings depicting 
Christmas in foreign lands are framed in 
shadow boxes along the entire length of 
the cheery room. 

North End 

The Staff and Miss Dorothy K. Becker, a 
former member, held a dinner party in the 
French Room of the Hotel Vendome on Friday 
evening, November 17, in honor of Miss 
Tyyne Saari who had recently been trans- 
ferred to Jamaica Plain Branch Library, 
Miss Saari was presented with a dainty 
sterling silver pin of a design suggestive 
of her interest in music. 



If adults are slow to acquire Christmas 
spirit, and loathe to begin shopping, it's 
not so with children. Thanksgiving is 

barely over before the children's librarian Branch Librarian Emeritus , appeared with 

of Children's Book Week, their annual tea. 
It was a pleasant gathering, and many were 
surprised when Mss Ifery M. Sullivan, 

is greeted with cries of "I.tLss, get me a 
Christmas book" I News of what Anthony and 
Rose have bought for their parents, how 
Philip (miraculously!) bought six presents 
for a total of $2,39, what has been ordered 
from good St. Nicholas, are confided to 
the library staff. And the staff responds 
to the excitem.ent ^Tith a flair of color 
and decorations that add extra enchantment 
to the child's world of books. 

Bright and attractive individual book- 
lists are now being prepared for several 
school classes. But the whole Christmas 
vacation is being planned for all the boys 
and girls of the North End, 

On the day after Christmas, on Tuesday 
afternoon, there will be a special puppet 
show, at which the Puppeteers will present 
that ever popular story "Rumpelstiltskin", 

On Wednesday afternoon, at 300, boys 
and girls are invited to a movie program 
of "Music in America", "Mission life", and 
"Irish children", and on Thursday after- 
noon, at 3:30 there will be a special holi-lare not fussy where they win a radio quiz. 

her usual cheerful spirit and recalled 
past good times with the many who knew her. 
The Auditorium was gay in color from the 
bright china cups to the tinted pom-pom 
chrysanthemums and rose buds which Miss 
Sullivan so thoughtfully donated. The 
teachers of the Bulfinch School also pre- 
sented the branch library with a beautiful 
bouquet of asters, which added to the ar- 
ray of color. 


Miss Iferie Murphy was given an engage- 
ment dinner at Dinty Moore's on Saturday, 
December 2, by her fellow workers of the 
Parker Hill Branch Library, Miss Murphy 
was surprised when presented vath a beauti- 
ful aqua tablecloth and napkins. 

Boston or New York, our Extra Assistants 

day story hour, Friday afternoon will be 
a Christmas surprise to all the boys and 
girls who have been loyal members of the 
fall reading club, A party \vill be held 
in their honor. Entertainment vri.ll be sup- 
plied by some of the very talented boys 
and girls who live in the North End, Al- 
ready promising to appear are young sing- 
ers, dancers, pianists, magicians, and 
even a young man virith a roller skating act I 
There will also be games, and little sur- 
prise packages for the children to take 

"Little Heiskel", vri.ll be the final pup- 
pet show for 19^0. It vrill be presented 
on Saturday morning, at ten o'clock. 

There will be two other Christmas par- 
ties 1 The Puppeteers are planning an in- 
teresting and festive supper-costume party 
on December 22, 19^0, And the NERTS 
(North End Reading Teensters) are also mak- 
ing plans for a supper-party on Wednesday 
evening, the twentieth. During the holi- 
day vreek, they are going to attend a per- 
formance of the "Ice Capades", 

Parker Hill 

On Friday afternoon, November 17, the 
teachers and nuns of the grammar schools 
in the district were given, in observance 

The latest of our contest winners is 
Elaine Corcoran who, while spending the 
Thanksgiving holidays in Nev^r York, "Broke 
the Bank" for $50.00 



A popular member of the public at the 
South Boston Branch Library has found a 
way to remind himself to return books on 
time. He has clipped out and attached to 
his library card a little ditty from the 
Saturday Evening Post of November l8, 1950; 

I^m never quite through on 
The day they are due on© 

- Richard Armour 



Following a double showing of the play 
"The Red Shoes" put on by children one 
Wednesday last month and a movie program 


on Thursday, a phone call was received at 
the Mattapan Branch Library inquiring 
"What's playing tomorrov; at your branch?" 


Also along the line of strange requests 
for tickets \7as the one from a little boy» 
"Have you any tickets for the Roller . ^ 
Derby?" VJhen the assistant questioned him 
as to why the llattapan Branch Library 
would have tickets to a roller derby, the 
ansvirer was: 

"Well, you have all kinds of tickets, so 
I thought " 


Bentley, Edmund C, 

Elephant *s work, an enigma 

New York, Knopf, 19^0 
Bond, Nelson S, 

The remarkable exploits of Lancelot 

Biggs: spaceman 

Garden City, Nevir York, Doubleday, 1950 
Cameron, Eleanor 

The unheard music 

Boston, Little, Brown, 19^0 
Cronin, Archibald, J. 

The Spanish gardener 

Boston, Little, Brown, 1950 
De Camp, Lyon S. 

Genus homo 

Reading, Pa,, Fantasy Press, 1950 
Faulkner, William 

Collected stories 

New York, Random House, 1950 
Frischauer, Paul 

So great a queen^ the story of Esther, 

Queen of Persia 

New York, Scribner, 1950 
Gordon, Arthur 


New York, Simon & Schuster, 1950 
Goyen, Vifilliam 

The house of breath 

New York; Random House, 1950 
Guareschi, Giovanni 

The little world of Don Camillo 

New York, Pellegrini & Cudahy, 1950 
Harwood, Alice 

Merchant of the ruby 

Indianapolis, Bobbs-Merrill, 1950 

Hemingway, Ernest 

Across the river and into the trees 

New York, Scribner, 1950 
Lyons, Herbert 

The rest they need 

New York, Dial Press, 1950 
Pincherle, Alberto 

Two adolescents: the stories of Agostino 

and Luc a 

New York, Farrar, Straus, 1950 
Richter, Hans \'h 

Beyond defeat 

New York, Putnam, 1950 
Waltari, Mka T, 

The adventurer 

New York, Putnam, 1950 
Yerby; Frank 


New York, Dial Press, 1950 


Campbell, Angus 

Public use of the library and other 

sources of information 

Ann Arbor, Univ. of Michigan, 1950 
Capote, Truman 

Local color 

New York, Random House, 1950 
Gilbreth, Frank B, 

Belles on their toes 

New York, Crowell, 1950 
Heyerdahl, Thor 

Kon-tiki: across the Pacific by raft 

Chicago, Rand McNally, 1950 
Johnson, Gerald W, 

Incredible tale: the odyssey of the 

average American in the last half 


New York, Harper, 1950 
Kase, Toshikazu 

Journey to the Mssouri 

New Haven, Yale Univ. Press, 1950 
Paul, Elliot H. 

Springtime in Paris 

Neiv York, Random House, 1950 
Ranganathan, Shiyali R. 

Preface to library science 

Delhi, Univ. of Delhi, 19li8 
Skinner, Cornelia Otis 

Nuts in May 

New York, Dodd, Mead, 1950 
Thornton, John Lo 

A mirror for librarians 

London, Grafton, 19h8 



On December 9, Rabbi Judah Stampfer, 
author of JERUSALEI^i HAS mm FACES spoke 
at the West End Branch Library on "Jewish 
Themes in Contemporary American Poetry", 
as the last in a series of programs in 
celebration of JevrLsh Book Month. The 
opening program had been held on November 
l5 at the Young Men's Hebrew Association 
when Mr N. B. Minkoff from New York ana- 
lyzed the life and works of the Yiddish 
writer, Isaac Loeb Peretz, 

On November 13, Miss Fanny Goldstein, 
Branch Librarian, West End Branch Library, 
spoke on "Honoring Jeviish Book Month" at a 
meeting of the Mattapan-Dorchester Sister- 
hood of Beth Hillel. On November 2ii, the 
eminent Jewish historian and lecturer, 
Dr A. Menes, spoke on "The Jewish Book — 
Then and Now" at a meeting sponsored by 
the Boston Chapter, 1"[orld Jewish Cultiiral 
Congress. On November 26, at a meeting of 
the Young People • s League of Temple 
Mishkan Tefila, Mss Goldstein spoke on 
"The Unbroken Chain". On November 29, she 
addressed the men of the Roxbury-Dorchest- 
er-Mattapan Executive Board of the Zionist 

On November 30, at t he Mattapan Branch 
Library, Rabbi Hyman Routtenberg of 
Congregation Agudath Israel, Dorchester, 
spoke on "A Bird's Eye View of Jev/ish 
Literature." Miss Theodora B. Scoff, 
Branch Librarian, welcomed the audience, 
and Mss Goldstein spoke on the signifi- 
cance of Jevidsh Book Month, Tvro films 
were shovm — SONG OF THE NEGEV and FLIGHT 

On December 1, Miss Goldstein was inter- 
viewed over the short wave station WUL, 
which beams its broadcasts to f oreign 
countries, on the activities of Jev;ish 
Book Month in general and as they relate 
themselves to Boston in particular* 

On December 3, in the Lecture Hall at 
Central Library, Mr A. M. Klein, well- 
known Canadian poet and lecturer, read and 
commented on his oivn v/orks. lilr Lee M. 
Friedman, President of the American Jewish 
Historical Society and a Trustee of the 
Boston Public Library, spoke on "The Jews 
in American History", 

On December 7, at the invitation of 
Rabbi Benjamin L. Grossman, Chaplain, Miss 
Goldstein spoke to the inmates of Charles- 
tovm State Prison on "Harvesting New Jev;- 
ish Books". 

Exhibits appropriate to the month were 
displayed in all branch libraries •which 
serve constituencies. 



Any contribution to the Soap Box must be 
accompanied by the full name of the Asso- 
ciation member submitting it, together 
with the name of the Branch Library, De- 
partment, or Office in which he or she is 
employed. The name is ivithheld from pub- 
lication, or a pen name used, if the con- 
tributor so requests. Anonymous contribu- 
tions are not given consideration. The 
author of the article is known, only zo the 
contributor and to the Editor-in-Chief., 
The contents of articles appearing in the 
Soap Box are personal opinions expressed 
by individual Association members and 
their appearance does not necessarily in- 
dicate that the Publications Committee and 
the Association are in agreement with the 
views expressed. 

To the Soap-box Editor: 

It would seem to me that a questionable 
decision has been made in lending as head 
of a special subject department one T«-ith 
little relevant training, experience, and 
education, at the same time passing over 
the first assistant with qualifications of 
education, training, and experience in 
that special subject field. 

To the Soap Box: 

The Head of the History Department has 
been called back into active service in 
the WAVES. The first assistant is a mar- 
ried veteran who has passed all the re- 
quired promotional examinations and was 
given the titular position because of his 
qualifications. It was to be assumed that 
in the absence of the Head of the Depart- 
ment the first assistant vrould act as as- 
s is tant-in-charge . 

As we understand it, after twelve weeks 
an as sis tant-in-charge of a department re- 
ceives the minimum salary of a head of a 
department. Now, a veteran who lost so 
much salary during a Tfar for democracy 
finds that he is not to be given the op- 
portunity to receive an advancement in 


salary. Why? — because an individual who 
has had to my knovdedge no experience in 
this subject field is to be lent to the 
top position in the History Department. 

If the Head of the History Department 
resigned, and had the vacancy been left 
unfilled for months, or even years (as 
has happened) the first assistant would 
have presumably carried on. flhy should 
not the same procedure be followed in the 
case of an extended leave of absence for 
military duty? 

From the vievipoint of service to the 
public a first assistant who has worked 
in the department for several years and 
who has passed examinations to prove that 
he is capable to do the vrork would be 
better able to render good service to the 
taxpaying public than would an individual 
who never worked in the department at all. 



To the Soap Box: 

Another seeming injustice has reared 
its ugly head in the Library. The Chief 
of the History Department has been re- 
called to active duty with the Navy, In 
her place, "temporarily" (it says here) 
has been put a person who has no academic 
degree; whose knovfledge of the subject 
field, as far as I have been able to as- 
certain, is limited; and whose experience 
in open departments has been exclusively 
at the Supervisor's Desk. 

?Jhere is the system now? l^.'hy is it 
that the First Assistant in this depart- 
ment vras completely ignored? 


To the Soap Box: 

The devious vrorking of the Administra- 
tive Mnd is wondrous to behold even 
though it proves to me that there is a 
Fairy Godfather or Santa Claus existing 
for some individuals. A Godfather or 
Santa Claus who, most unexpectedly and 
against precedent as I know it, places in 
charge of a department temporarily an in- 
dividual who has had little, if any,, ex- 
perience in an open reference department, 
and v;ho has even less kno^vledge of the 
special subject field, as far as I have 
been able to find out. 

There is a First Assistant in the His- 
tory Department. There is mde-spread 

concern that this qualified First Assist- 
ant should be passed over, even temporari- 
What price Reference Division morale now? 

Editor's Note: 

Since the situation discussed in the above 
letters was changed between the date let- 
ters were submitted and the date of pub- 
lication of The Question Mark , each person 
submitting a letter \Yas asked if his or 
her letter should still be printed. In 
accordance with the decisions of the in- 
dividual writers, their letters vrere either 
published or withdravm. This has meant 
that several stencils have had to be re- 
cut, and The Question JTark is being issued 
on December l6. 


To the Soap Box: 

As a person with many years of library 
service and therefore familiar with the 
type of work accomplished in the various 
executive positions she has held, I vri-sh 
to comment on the excellent judgment shovm 
in naming the Chief of the Open Shelf De- 
partment. I have never knovm such enthu- 
siastic approval of an appointment shown 
by members of the staff as evidenced by 
comment. One of the letters submitted to 
the last "Question Iferk" seemed to stress 
the college degree aspect of the person's 
background. In this respect, I think it 
vrould be quite pertinent to remark that 
any qualification that wo\ild disqualify 
the best possible person from a standpoint 
of experience and known ability should be 
considered of secondary importance. No 
system of evaluation is any better or more 
workable than its knovm results,, The pres- 
ent system emphasizing educational back- 
ground is based on criteria used at the 
present time more often for entrance qual- 
ifications in government and business j 
rather than for promotions viithin the 
service. In the latter case it is usually 
the best person from the standpoint of vrork 
accomplishment and experience 'who is chosen. 
Other qualifications enter in to such con-' 
siderations but in most cases they seem to 
be secondary^ It is possible that certain 
adjustments in the weighting of qualifica- 
tions should be studied. In subject fields 
it is of course necessary that emphasis 
should be placed on background knowledge j 
Hovrever, if a person has been doing satis- 
factory \York in a subject field for many 


years such background knowledge is prova- 
ble. We all know that knoviledge does not 
necessarily have to be acquired through 
formal education. In fact, we also know 
that in many instances formalized mass ed- 
ucation defeats its basic purpose and be- 
comes a handicap to enterprise, initiative 
and an enquiring mind, 


Athanasius Smeed, may his tribe increase] 


The Boston Public Library 

and its 30 Branch Libraries 

invite you to read 

DEATH OF A SALESMN by Arthur Miller 

and other Pulitzer Prize-winning dramas 



Announcement has been made of the en- 
gagement of Miss Edith M. Sliney, Office 
of Records, Files, Statistics, to Mr Jack 
Trocki of Waltham. 

Mr and lilrs Frank A. Yanovich, South 
Boston Branch Library, announce the birth 
of a son on December 11, 19^0. (David) 

The Members of the Publications Commit- 
tee wish for all members of the staff of 
the Boston Public Library a Blessed 
Holiday Season I 



Inasmuch as space permits, we print the birth announce- 
ment for Christopher Marc Pahud, as we received it. 


Pahud, Margaret (Kingsbury) 192^- 

Christopher Marc Pahud, by Peggy 
and George Pahud. Boston, Richardson 
House, 7 December 1950. 

8 p. port, iiOcm. (Nursery Series) 

1. Bassconette, I. Pahud, George 
Marcel, 1923- , joint author, II. 
Title. r ■] 

Committee for Christmas Tea 

Mary V. Doyle, Chairman 

Margaret D. Butler Grace M. Marvin 

Vanda B. Gariani Mary F. Nagle 

Helen M. Duston Ollie J. Partridge 

Flora A. Ennis Patricia A. Tuley 

Adelaide B. Lockhart Beatrice G. ITade 

Anna L. Manning Jean E. Watson 

Ik December 1950 
Boston Public Library 




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