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Published by the Boston Public Library Professional Staff Association 

Volume VI, Niunber 1 

January 19^1 

Publications Cominittde: Mldred R. Adelson, John M. Carroll, Eleanor DiGiannantonio, 

M. Dorothy Brackett Ekstrom, Sarah M. Usher, Chairman 

Publication date ; 
The fifteenth of -each month 

Deadline for submitting material ; 
The tenth of each month 


It was, if memory can" be trusted,' in 
connection with an earlier I'^Jhite House 
Conference — the one on "Child Health and 
Protection" — that Honorable Herbert 
Hoover, then President of the United 
States, expressed concisely and simply the 
sentiments vfhich must be common to parents 
the world over. In speaking of children, 
he said: "Vie put them to bed with a sense 
of relief and with infinite devotion." As 
an editorial staff, we share those senti- 
ments concerning the "child" you placed in 
our care two years ago — The Question 
Mark. We relinquish editorship with a 
very definite and normal sense of relief, 
and, at the same time, v/ith sincere devo- 
tion to and belief in the purposes this 
staff bulletin is trying to achieve. 

We thank each member of the staff who 
has contributed material vihich has helped 
make possible the issuing of tv/elve num- 
bers in 1950, with a variety of content 
which we hope has appealed to each person 
at least "sometime during the year. 

When the new Publications Committee is 
appointed it will find waiting for it both 
our sympathy and a pledge of our support. 
We assure them that they are entering upon 
a challenging experience. May they appre- 
ciate all phases of it as we have tried to. 

To all members of the staff vie extend 
our sincere good v;ishes for the year 19^1 • 



New Staff Members 

Mrs Bessie K. Mishara, Office of Divi- 
sion of Home Reading and Community Serv- 

Mr Paul F. Mulloney, Science and Tech- 
nology Department. 

Miss Ruth S. Lyons, 'Test Roxbury Branch 

Mr Joseph F. Turley, Kirstein Business 

Mrs Flora W. Roussos, West End Branch 
Library (formerly part-time at "'Test End 
Branch Library) . 

Mrs Alison Bishop, Rare Book Department, 


Mrs Frances B. Starke, Registration De- 
partment . 

Mrs Mary C, Querela, Book Stack Service, 
to remain at home. 


Mr Clarence M, Fuller, Office of Divi- 
sion of Home Reading and Community Serv- 
ices to Business Office. 

Miss Patricia M. Wilson, Allston Branch 
Library to Book Preparation Department, 

Miss Anne L. Moore, Open Shelf Depart- 
ment to Office of Division of Home Reading 
and Community Services. 

Miss Marie T. Hastie, School Issue De- 
partment to City Point Branch Libraiy. 

Miss Naomi R. Michalak, Jamaica Plain 
Branch Library to School Issue Department. 

Mss Gloria H. Shine, Dorchester Branch 
Library to Connolly Branch Library. 

Miss Mary T. Ryan, West End Branch Li- 
brary to Allston Branch Library, 

Mss llary C. O'Malley, Book Stack Serv- 
ice to Registration Department, 



Miss Joyce P. Silhavy, Roslindale Branch 
Library, to lie Andrev/ H. Ellis. Mr Ellis 
is attending Boston University, 


lir and Ivlrs T'alter R. Curley, Science and 
Technology Department, announce the birth 
of twin daughters, I/kureen and ivlarilyn, on 
December 18, 19^0. 

Mr and Urs John Horton, Connolly Branch 
Library, annoxince the birth of a son, 
John, Jr on December 17, 1950. 


llr YiTilliam B. Gallagher, Printing De- 

Miss M. Therese Campbell, Cataloging and 
Classification Department, Division of 
Reference and Research Services. 


Miss M. Anne Brennan, Branch Issue De- 
partment, 93 Calumet Street, Roxbury 
Crossing 20. 

Tir James Kinsella, Buildings Department, 
125 Farragut Road, South Boston 2?. 

Miss Beatrice C. Maguire, Uphams Comer 
Branch Library, 31 Mnthrop Street, 
Roxbury 19. 


On Thursday evening, February 15, at 8 
o'clock, Mrs Edith H. Bailey, Branch Li- 
brarian Emeritus of the Phillips Brooks 
Branch Library, will speak at that branch 
library on her summer's experience as a 
guide at the Fruitlands Museujn, Her sub- 
JOB? Any interested staff members are 
most cordially invited to hear Mrs Bailey,, 


Mr D. R. Kalia, Director-Designate, 
UNESCO Public Library Pilot Project in 
Delhi, India. 

¥x Herman Liebaers, Royal Library, 
Brussels, Belgium. 



Since the last issue of The Q uestion 
Mark , the library has been under the in- 
fluence of that subtle something known as 
"The Christmas spirit". VJhen it is with 
us, vfe Tifish it would never leave; when it 
has gone, we wonder v;hy we ever let it slip 
away. Enveloped in its influence we see 
our neighbor through a rosy glow; petty 
cares lose their fleeting importance; the 
real things of life com.e into the fore- 
ground of our consciousness; under its 
influence we stand at the threshold of a 
New Year, — and vfhat of the year that 
lies ahead? For the free peoples of the 
vrorld this year of 1951 holds an unmiti- 
gated challenge. If we as a nation artd as 
individuals are ready to meet that chal- 
lenge, this year will be a great proving 
ground for those ideals of freedom v/hich 
we have cherished for so many centuries. 

A nation, a people, an ideal are only 
as great or as strong as the individuals 
making up the whole, KnoTong this, the 
year becomes a time v/here we as individu- 
als can prove our value to the idea and 
the ideals of freedom. By bringing our 
best each day to our minor roles in the 
drama of life, vre can infuse into our 
homes, our library, our city, state and 
nation a spirit of confidence and co-oper- 
ation v/hich -ffill be beneficial far beyond 
our greatest hope. 

And what of our Association during 1951? 
In the face of the ivorld struggle for free- 
dom vre must never lose sight of the fact 
that freedom vrLthin the narrov; borders of 
an Association such as ours, represents 
in a limited degree; the underlying prin- 
ciples of that great universal freedom 
which is the goal of all free men every- 
v/here , l".Tiatever success our organization 
has achieved in the past has been accom- 
plished solely by the spirit of co-opera- 
tion and vnlling effort that has dominated 
the membership, A continuation of this 


spirit can bring only greater achieve- 
ments. With this issue of The Question 
Mark I bid you farewell as your president. 
I cannot let this opportunity pass with- 
out extending to every member of the As- 
sociation my sincere thanks for their un- 
tiring support during these past two 
years. To the Executive Board, the offi- 
cers, those who have served on committees, 
those who have in any way worked for the 
interests of the Association during my 
term of office; I say a very heartfelt 
"thank you". Your loyalty^ your devotion 
to the ideals of the Association, and 
your willing sacrifice of time and effort 
to further the grovrth of our organization^ 
has made these two years as your presi- 
dent a period of real pleasure to me. 
Again I say "thank you"^ The new year 
with a new president, new officers, and a 
new executive board offers to us all 
another opportunity for even greater 
service. As we have met the challenges 
of the past so shall \ie meet those of the 
future . 

One of our first duties in this new 
year is a pleasant one — the election of 
Association officers. This is one of the 
many times Y;hen every member is equally 
important. The vote of the president of 
the Association carries no more weight 
than that of the newest member of the 
Association, — providing each casts his 
vote. Voting instructions have been is- 
sued and the voting booth will be open 
long enough to make it possible for every 
member to vote at the annual meeting on 
Friday, January 19. Those virho because of 
essential library duties cannot be present 
at the meeting may vote by absentee ballot 
Thus it is made possible for every member 
to cast his or her vote. Let's have 
100% voting record this year. Remember a 
vote not cast may be one in favor of the 
candidates for whom you would not vote. 
This is one case where you have a real 
opportunity to shape the future of the 
Association, Cast your VOTE for the 
candidates of your choice. 

Your next duty for the new year is 
equally as important. Give to the candi- 
dates elected your whole-hearted support. 
If you do these two things the future of 
the Boston Public Library Professional 
Staff Association is assured. 


Within the last few days there vras sent 
to the membership registration blanks for 
the forthcoming Association-sponsored 
workshop series. The first question that 
naturally arises is — why a workshop when 
we are all so busy with routine work? Be- 
fore you answer that question ask yourself 
two more. Do I know all there is to kr.ow 
about my ovm job? Do I know all I need to 
know about the jobs of hqt fellow-workers 
in order to be able to integrate my work 
■with theirs to bring about the maximum ef- 
ficiency for the staff as a unit and thus 
to reach the objective of all library vrork 
— a more effective service to our public? 
If you can conscientiously answer "yes" to 
these questions, you have no need of a 
workshop, but most of us have much to 
learn about our ovnri jobsj about the jobs 
of others and the vrays whereby they can be 
more effectively co-ordinatedt For those 
who want to broaden their library horizons 
here is the opportunity. The fee is very 
small, just enough to cover initial ex- 
penses a All you have to give is the time 
and the willingness to do a bit of extra- 
curricula work, the same that is required 
of those v;ho take the regular library in- 
service training courses. This is a neMf 
venture for the Association. Let's give 
it our full support. 


Through the courtesy of the Director, it 
•vri.ll be possible for the Association meet- 
ing on February 23, 19^1 > at which lir 
Archibald MacLeish is to be the guest 
speaker, to be held in the New Open Shelf 
Depar-t,r!ient. This will give the Associa- 
tion Nlernbers and their friends a double 
treat-. They will hear an outstanding 
American author discuss his favorite sub- 
ject — • poetry and how it is made — and 
they will also have the opportunity of 
having a preview of the New Open Shelf De- 

Due to the spaciousness of the new quar- 
ters xt will be possible to have both the 
formal meeting and the reception for Mr 
MacLeish and the new officers mthin the 
confines of the one department. Thus the 
meeting can go f on/ard vri.thout any delay 


or interruption of schedule due to the 
fact that the public alv/ays must be given 
preference. There will be no public. 
The New Open Shelf Department vdll be 
solely and exclusively for the use of the 
Association members and their friends for 
that one evening. The Association is 
very grateful to all those v/ho are ex- 
tending to us this courtesy. Our most 
sincere appreciation will be shown by our 
presence at the meeting. Save the date — 
February 23, 19^1. 




The Sesquicentennial Anniversary year 
of the Library of Congress was recently 
completed with a significant concluding 
event which was of unusual interest for 
the staff of the Boston Public Library, 
On Tuesday evening, December 12, 19^0 a 
distinguished group of approximately 1$0 
individuals made up of the Presidents or 
other high ranking representatives of the 
learned and scientific societies and pro- 
fessional associations of the United 
States met in the East Room of the Hotel 
Mayflower in Washington to pay tribute to 
an institution which has come to be re- 
garded as the national library of this 
country. In addition, the Congress of 
the United States was represented by the 
Honorable Carl Albert of the Joint Com- 
mittee on the Library and the Honorable 
Clarence Cannon, Chairman of the House 
Appropriations Committee, and the execu- 
tive branch of the Government by dele- 
gates of the Department of State, the De- 
partment of the Interior, the Department 
of Agriculture, the National Archives, 
the Office of Education, and the Veterans 

This historic event in the history of 
American libraries and librarianship had 
special significance for the Boston Pub- 
lic Library in that its Director, Ulr 
Milton E, Lord, Retiring President of the 
American Library Association, acted as 
Master of Ceremonies for the occasion and 
its former Librarian, Dr Herbert Putnam, 
addressed the group. As the December 18, 
1950 issue of The Library of Congress 
Information Bulletin expressed it, Mr 
Lord "began his excellent performance by 

paying tribute to the Library: an exer- 
cise in which he is almost professionally 
proficient, having perfected the art (or 
skill) l) at the Association's annual con- 
ference at Cleveland last summer, and 2) 
at the meeting of the Association's Execu- 
tive Board held in Washington a few weeks 
ago; but such is his virtuosity that never 
once did he plagiarize himself or pirate 
his literary property." 

The speakers at the dinner were the 
following : 

Mr Lord paid deserved tribute to what 
the Library of Congress "has been, is, and 
will be", and the unique place it occupies 
in American intellectual life. The great 
contributions made to scholarship and 
science by the Library of Congress not 
only as made in the past, but also to be 
made in the future, were underlined by Dr 
Robert B. Downs, Director of the Universiiy 
Library at the University of Illinois, 
speaking for American libraries, and by 
Dr Charles E, Odegaard, Executive Director 
of the American Council of Learned Socie- 
ties, speaking for the learned and scien- 
tific societies of the country. Congress- 
man Albert, representing the Joint Com- 
mittee on the Library, spoke entertaining- 
ly on behalf of the Congress of the United 
States, and the present Librarian of Con- 
gress, Dr Luther H, Evans, discussed the 
Library's "duties and requirements" and 
"pledged allegiance to the great confra- 
ternity of scholars whose presence ... was 
an inspiration and encouragement and a 
sense of strength". 

As an unannounced concluding event in 
the program Mr Lord was able to prevail 
upon the Librarian of Congress Emeritus to 
speak, and in his characteristically 
graceful and vatty style Dr Putnam re- 
vievred the history of the Library, and 
particularly the accomplishments of his 
great predecessor, Ainsworth Rand Spofford, 
and the unfailing cooperation of the Con- 
gress and his colleagues and associates, 
Dr Putnam supposed that it was more agree- 
able to "listen to a eulogy than to be the 
object of an elegy", and in a striking 
phrase declared, "I am contemporary with 
my own posterity,". 

This observance of the Sesquicentennial 
of our great Library of Congress is an e- 
vent of great significance for American 
librarianship. And the Boston Public Li- 
brary feels a unique sense of kinship with 
that great institution, for in the celebra- 
tion of this happy event its present 


Director and his distinguished predecessorjits main purpose is still to show the un- 

the Librarian of Congress Emeritus, played 
leading roles. 



Miss Mary V. Doyle, Children's Librarian, 
Young People's Room, and her competent, 
cheerful assistants gave tangible proof of 
the fact that a very successful tea can be 
arranged on short notice. Following a 
simple announcement on December 13, the 
attractive poster, designed and executed 
by Miss Mildred R. Somes, Book Preparation 
Department, came out on December ll; (just 
in time to be included in the December 
issue of The Question Mark ) . Congratula- 
tions to all concerned! 

On Thursday afternoon, December 21, from 
three to five o'clock, the Women's Lounge 
was a buzz of excitement as staff members 
spent their relief periods partaking of 

derlying unity between Judaism and 
Christianity and the possibility of actual- 
ly practicing the idea of the Fatherhood 
of God and the Brotherhood of man. 

This year, more than 150 invited guests 
attended, including representatives of the 
city government. Library Trustees, clergy- 
men, and representatives from other walks 
of life, as well as personal friends. The 
building was beautifully decorated in the 
spirit of both Hanukah and Christmas. 
Even the decorations emphasized the theme 
of one faith embellishing and complementing 
the other. There was a Menorah and a 
Christmas tree; a nativity scene and a 
Hanukah top; books on Christmas and books 
on Hanukah ... 

The spirit of the entire evening was 
warm and informal, but there vras a planned 
program before the collation was served. 
It opened with Miss Goldstein's words of 
welcome and a few interesting notes on the 
long and varied history of the building. 
The Christmas message vras delivered by 

dainties attractively arranged and dis- 
pensed by genial hostesses Virhose names ap- Dean Edwin J. Van Etten, Dean of St. Paul's 

peared on Christmas tree name tags. The 
addition of a long refectory table make it 

possible to serve tea and coffee exclusive- Rabbi Benjamin Grossman explained the sig- 

ly there while the larger table was 
ladened with sweets on the other side of 
the room. 

The Women's House Committee had done an 
excellent job of decorating artistically 
the room and the hall leading to it. 

It was pleasant to greet the five re- 
tired staff members who returned — Misses 
Edith Guerrier and Alice Hanson, and 
Messrs V^illiam J. Miilloney, Morris Rosen- 
berg, Lucien Taylor and John Watson, 


The Proverb, "Great Oaks from little 
acorns grow" had indisputable confirmation 
in the get-together at the West End Branch 
Library on December lit. The idea vras 
originally conceived as a modest, informal 
recognition of the two holidays — Hanukah 
and Christmas, v/hich usually fall near 
each other. The evening was to teach a 
lesson in brotherhood and to provide the 
occasion for the exchanging of small pres- 
ents among the members of the Staff and 
their friends. With the years, this idea 
has grown into a custom and a tradition. 

Cathedral, long-knovm for his efforts on 
behalf of good will among all faiths. 

nificance of Hanukah through the ages and 
especially in modern history, stressing its 
significance for all Yrell-meaning men. 

Although Hanukah vras officially over, to 
acquaint the non-Jewish guests with the 
beautiful ceremony, Mr Bernard Radin 
lighted the Hanukah candles and sang the 
traditional hymn. 

Mrs Arthur A. Shurcliff and her group of 
bell ringers, long associated with Christ- 
mas on Beacon Hill, gave much pleasure to 
the gathering with their playing. 

Mrs Flora Roussos, a member of the Staff, 
shovred both her versatility and good will 
by singing in HebrevT MI Y'MALEL? 

Mr Harry H. Fein, well-knovm Boston poet, 
translator, and Hebrew scholar, read sev- 
eral selections from his new volume of 
poems based on the PIRKE AVOTH. 

A group of Negro spirituals and carols 
vrere sung by a soprano and alto, Mrs 
Georgie Bailey and Mrs Angelyn De Baughn 
Holt, under the direction of Dr William A. 
Rhodes. The particular clear and empas- 
sioned quality of the singing alvrays as- 
sociated vath Negro music was a stirring 
musical experience. 

Before she invited the guests to break 
bread vriith her. Miss Goldstein asked Rabbi 


Sidney Leeder, of ifelden, to say grace 
over the holiday loaf of snov/ white chale. 

In the spirit of friendliness and good 
cheer the guests ate, drank, renewed old 
acquaintances and made many new ones. 


As the nine o 'dockers were trooping out 
of the Abbey Room one evening shortly be- 
fore Christmas, an odd-looking little 
figure Tvandered in and stood by the rail- 
ing peering into the obscurity beyond the 
desks. As I came back from airing out the 
room, I was hailed by this little vraman 
with a knitted fascinator on her head and 
a cane in her mittened hands. In a cheery 
voice she asked if she might go inside the 
railing to see the decorations better, 
"I'm trying to see all the Christmas decor- 
ations I can this year," she said, "so as 
to remember them the rest of my life in 
case this is the last Christmas I'll be 
able to see." As we talked, I learned 
that she had been operated on last winter 
for cataracts and hadn't been able to see 
at all at Christmastime. Early in January 
she had tried out the new glasses and then 
had gone aroiind trying to see the few 
creches and other decorations which had 
not yet been dismantled. To her sorrow 
all she could see was a blur. 

How amazing it was to have this stranger 
express such delight over observing a 
lizard not more than an inch long on the 
roof of the factory-made cardboard manger 
on the windowsill. She could see at a 
certain angle only out of the center of 
her convex lenses, but couldn't quite be 
sure whether her eyes vrere deceiving her. 
How inobservant even one like myself, 
vriiose eyes were trained by years of study- 
ing painting, becomes in the turmoil of 
everyday life! My eyes had to really hunt 
for the lizard. 

Surely no one v^ho entered the Central 
Library this season could have been half 
so grateful to the staff for its artistic 
efforts in decorating the building for the 
holidays as was this visitor. She re- 
marked especially on the gingerbread house 
in the Young People's Room and on the 
choir at Bates Hall Centre Desk. It 
didn't even escape her attention that 
there were tiny notes on the sheet of 
music on the paper organ. (Happily she 

did not learn that the tune vras "Sweet 

"It is all right if I can't see by next 
year," she said in a matter-of-fact way. 
"I've no right to expect it. After all, 
I'm sixty-eight years old, and I've had 
great happiness in seeing so many things 
all these years and in having been able to 
read. I'll have a lot of beautiful things 
to remember, and especially Christmastime." 
We talked of the spirit of Christmas and 
of people in general. It warmed my heart 
to hear her say that everyone had been 
good to her in her affliction. "You've no 
idea how kind people really are," she re- 

As this little woman went about in her 
cheery way with a heart filled with grati- 
tude for all those things that most people 
accept as their due, I wondered if the 
message she unwittingly brought to us was 
not a far greater Christmas gift than the 
happiness we gave to her. When so many in 
this world are seeking this thing or that 
and are so bitter in their disappointments, 
there are a few blessed beings like our 
visitor who appear to have so little and 
yet find joy in v/hatever comes their vray. 
I wonder how many of us could be unselfish 
enough to think, if we were losing our 
sight, that others suffer greater mis- 
fortunes? And hoviT many of us, as we face 
the New Year, which is certain to be one 
of sacrifice, are brave enough and phil- 
osophical enough to regard life, as the 
woman with cane does, not as a gift but as 
a loan? 



If there is any truth to the statement 
that "sweets give quick energy", then the 
Central Library staff should have been the 
quickest, most energetic possible during 
the week before Christmas. Not only did 
they purchase a goodly share of the nearly 
one ton of candy processed so efficiently 
by "Sam Green, the Candy Man", they con- 
sumed what seemed to be more than a ton of 
sweets as office after office, and depart- 
ment after department, offered it to all 
comers with a cheery "Merry Christmas". 

There were the traditional parties — 
luncheons and refreshments in the building, 
and many other parties outside the building, 


W« wonder if the cleaning women weren't 
the smartest of all — they waited and had 
their holiday breakfast between Christmas 
and New Years! 

However, perhaps the most effective in- 
terpretation of the meaning of Christmas 
was caught in the decorations throughout 
the building that were shared with the pub- 
lic. The four exhibition cases in the 
main lobby were given over to four crechesj 
illustrative of the treatment of the na- 
tivity scene as portrayed in folklore 
usage of four countries — Sweden, Belgium, 
Austria, and Germany. The backgrounds in 
the cases were four Medici prints of 
I&donnas mounted on embossed gold paper 
and framed in laurel. These were lent by 
Miss Edith Vf, Fisher, whose sister, the 
late Miss Bessie E. Fisher, was for many 
years a member of the staff of the 
Fellowes Athenaeiim Branch Library. A 
handsome Medici print of a Madonna on a 
dignified rich panel outside the Open 
Shelf Department was in keeping with the 
spirit of the displays in this area. The 
Periodical and Newspaper Rooms were cheer- 
fully decorated with Christmas 7;inter 
scenes and Medici prints of Madonnas. 
Evci^/- room on the second floor had the 
benefit of a personalized touch. A minia- 
ture tree high above the eye level in 
Bates Hall was aglitter with lights and 
tinsel. Each desk in the Hall also had 
its crib, its festive scene, or its 
"choir". The fireplace in the Abbey Room 
glcv^red a warm cheery "heat" for the 
first time,. Angels, cherubims, ingenious 
trees of cardboard and wire gave the third 
floor a Bonvri-t Teller's atmosphere. 



Members of the staff who attended the 
Christmas party for part-time v/orkers wish 
to publicly thank Mr Joseph Crovfley, As- 
3istant-in-Charge of Book Stack Service, 
for his unselfishness in giving up a free 
evening to supervise the party,. 



On New Year's night the Library was the 
scene of a gay party sponsored by the 
Quarter Century Club. The President, llbr 
George Gallagher, was Master of Ceremonies, 
and the program vras both varied and de- 
lightful — indeed, one heard on every 
side that it was one of the very best> Mr 
Bradford Hill opened the evening -s enter- 
tainment with two beautifully-rendered 
piano solos, which v/ere followed by two 
charming vocal selections suiig in Mrs 
Flora Roussos' oTm inimj^table manner. 

We of the Quarter Century Club are deep- 
ly grateful to the group of young people 
from the Book Stack Service, who so gener- 
ously repeated for our pleasure the skit 
which xhey had prepared for their own 
Christmas party. "And the lam.p we:it out" 
was acted in a most convincing ?nd drairat- 
ic way;, and the surorise ending brought 
down the house. 

Our magician, }!\r Paul Delahanty would be 
hard to beat. He even looked the part r.f 
a magician as he deliberately mj'^stifie'J. us 
again and again with his v:ide assortment 
of clever tricks; and were our faces red 
when, instead of explaining one of his 
numbers to us, we discovered — vrell^ after 
all, we'll keep his secret — he may want 
to fool the library folks again c 

Mr Pietro Mordelia, the strolling accor- 
dion player, v/as a v/hole shovir in him.self. 
He even charmed us into singing with him 
the neviT songs as well as the old, and cli- 
maxed his performance v/ith a clever one- 
man comedy act. The refreshments, which 
were served in the Abbey Room under Mr 
Joseph Canker's competent supervision, 
were excellent — ice-cream, cake, and 
coffee, and plenty of everythjng,- 

Ihen full of good food and pheasant con- 
versation, we strolled back to the Lecture 
Hall where Mr Frank Myers and his orches- 
tra were ready to go into full swing for 
the dancing o 

Of the invited guests, those present 
were: Mr and Mrs Francis B. Flasterson, 
Mr and Mrs Milton E. Lord, and Mr and Mrs 
John J. Connolly. 

As the evening progressed, Mr Lord v/as 
persuaded to call some square dances, and 
the program ended in a burst of genuine 
puffing good cheer. 




B.O.Q. A-^l, Rm 238 
309 Dillingham St. 
Naval Base, Norfolk, Va. 
29 Dec. 1950 

Dear Library Friends ; 

I finally seem to have a period of free 
time that I can be sure of calling my own 
without interruptions so that I am able 
to write and give you all the news. First 
I want to thank you for the lovely slip 
you gave me. It has caused considerable 
favorable comment around the B.O.Q, (fe- 
male wing) and everyone thinks it very 
pretty. I wore it the first day I put on 
my uniform to report for duty, feeling I 
needed something to keep up my morale. I 
also wish to thank everyone who sent me 
Christmas cards and to apologize for not 
sending them in return. I hope you will 
understand though that Christmas week was 
a busy one around here and full of inter- 
ruptions, I have the cards and stamps 
all bought and vri.ll probably use them 
next year, 

I thought you all might like a blow by 
blow account of what has happened since I 
left the library which is one reason why 
I delayed writing until I had time to 
really go into some detail. We left 
Boston Tuesday about noon, and drove as 
far as New York where vre visited v/ith my 
sister and saw my sister-in-law. Wednes- 
day noon I left for Washington and Bill 
stayed in N.Y. for a day or so. The 
drive as far as Phila was fine, but I hit 
Phila just as everyone was coming from 
work, and hit about thirty miles of heavy 
traffic which really got me down. The 
road from Phila to Baltimore is pretty 
foul, the Penna roads have a very high 
crovm which made me feel in immiment dan- 
ger of going into a ditch, but I survived. 
Just before I hit Baltimore I noticed 
snow in all the fields. It was dark and 
I thought I vias seeing things, coming 
south to see my first snovi of the year, 
but no, it vras true, as a matter of fact 
there vras sno\T on the ground all the way 
to Richmond, 

At Baltimore, I was undecided as to 
whether to take route 301 which bypasses 
Washington, or to continue on route 1 and 
hit the district. I went into a gas sta- 
tion to ask, and, though it was only 8:30, 
the man seemed horrified at my travelling 

alone and warned me against 301 as a bad 
road for a woman at night. A couple of 
corners later, I asked a policeman for the 
correct turn, and he also looked alarmed 
and warned me to keep all my windows 
locked. By that time I vras ready to find 
the nearest hotel in Baltimore but, being 
stubborn, pushed on, needless to say keep- 
ing on route 1, I v:as glad I did, because 
from Baltimore to D,C. the road is wonder- 
ful, and I made the distance in no time 
flat. I put up for the night in a very 
nice tourist cabin just outside of V/ash- 
ington, had a good night's sleep, and vras 
off the next morning about 900 for the 
rest of the trip. It vras a certainly 
beautiful day, and the roads vrere superb. 
I have nothing but the best to say for 
Virginia highways, I arrived at the Naval 
Base about U:30 and went straight to ny 
quarters , 

There are 17 of us here in the B.O.Q. in- 
cluding 2 marines. VJe live in one vring of 
the regular B.O.Q. and the men have the 
rest of the building. The rooms are fair- 
ly nice though not enormous. We each have 
a room and share a bath with one person, 
I share the bath with Frankie Hall the 
girl I am relieving. She leaves for Wash- 
ington the l5th of January, as she has 
been here three years. Our rooms are on 
the second floor. On the ground floor we 
have a kitchen, with two refrigerators, 
but no stove except a little two burner 
electric. It seems there had been a stove 
but it vras taken out as the men had none, 
also the powders that be prefer that vre eat 
at the mess and support it. They left the 
refrigerators, the girls think because the 
men prefer us not to go to the club unat- 
tended • . , There is also a laundry 
vrith a Bendix, and a drying room, so 
things are not too uncomfortable, although 
it is a little like a girls boarding 
school, and I should not like it for a 
permanent residence. 

On Friday morning I reported in for duty 
to the communication station which is lo- 
cated at district headquarters, about half 
a mile from B.O.Q,, right on the base. So 
far I haven't done anything in the vray of 
vrork, but have spent most of the time ob- 
serving and reading up on publications con- 
cerning communications, studying in other 
words. I spent most of last week in the 
coderoom brushing up on my cryptography, 
and tonight I start in at the C.ViT.O, (Com- 
munication Watch Officer) desk, to learn 


the routines there. As that is the kind 
of work I did before, I shan't have too 
much difficulty I expect. The C.1¥.0. is 
responsible for all the messages that go 
out from the district, their routing dis- 
tribution, the manner in which they are 
sent and in general keeps things moving. 
I think that it is good duty here, as it 
is a very busy office also there seems to 
be a pretty good croivd to work with. So 
much for work. Oh yes - hours. I start 
at k today, work three days h to 12, the 
next three days midnight to 8, then three 
days 8-Li. I then have 2 whole days off, 
and until h P.M. on the third day, which 
is not a bad watch schedule. 

The base here is an amazing place and 
quite confusing to a newcomer. It covers 
3000 acres, and is the largest naval base 
in the world. It is quite like a small 
town in itself, and I believe one could 
live here for some time without any neces- 
sity for leaving it. I am certainly glad 
I have a car though, to get around v/ith. 
There are three ship's service stores, or 
since we must call them since the consol- 
idation of the armed forces (which makes 
people here unhappy) navy exchanges. 
Each has a movie theatre, quite compara- 
ble in size and style to subiurban movies 
around Boston, and the tickets ran from 
10 to 12 j5. In the stores one can buy 
every conceivable thing except civilian 
shoes and dresses. There are tailor 
shops, cobblers, barber shops, a beauty 
shop and I don't know virhat all else. 
There is only one library, but for size 
it will put our new open shelf department 
to shame. It's a simply enormous room, 
sharing honors in the same building with 
the poolroom and the movies, A sign di- 
rects one to poolroom and library. They 
get all the new books, bought I hear by 
the Bureau of Supplies and Accounts in 
carload lots (for all the ships as vrell 
as shore station libraries). I gather 
they operate on a basis of say order ten 
gross of nevr fiction or half a ton of 
history books. At any rate this library 
is well supplied, and as sailors ashore 
are not exactly great readers the selec- 
tion of nev; books and the not so ne\i ones 
that would be worn out through use in the 
B.P.L, is excellent. 

There is a golf course almost across 
the street for us and I understand that 
at Virginia beach about 1/2 an hour from 
the base, there is a private reservation 

for the Navy, As a matter of fact this 
place is navy, navy, navy, you eat it, 
sleep it, dream it. It is quite a vrorld 
apart and like nothing I have ever en- 
countered before. 

Eating does present somewhat of a prob- 
lem. There is a mess in the next building 
at which one can get all ones meals for 
|;l4.5«O0 a month. I have not joined however, 
for three reasons, one, on communications 
duty I shall be working just when meal- 
times arrive, or if not working, sleeping, 
2, The cooking is erratic. The stewards 
seem to run it by themselves, and though 
some meals are delicious, others are in- 
edible, and third, as soon as Bill gets 
here I shall live off the base and not 
want to join the mess. 

The officer's club is really too expen- 
sive for everyday, also it is not a place 
where one vrould go for dinner unescorted. 
Their breakfasts are marvellous, and 
lunches at a snack bar are fine, but the 
snack bar closes at 6; 30, besides a steady 
diet of hamburgers and sandiviches for din- 
ner is not for me. Lunches when I work 
days I can get at the civilian cafeteria 
at the office for practically nothing. A 
hot meal with coffee is 3^0. A good sand- 
wich, salad and coffee will come to 30?S. 
Breakfasts too are good, but they have 
nothing but waffles or toast and corn- 
flakes. But the waffles are only l5?5, ex- 
cept I like an egg occasionally. 

The place I really favor for supper is 
the B,0,Q, at the Air Station... The air 
station being also on the base. The avia- 
tors have a really plush B.O.Q. It's just 
like a hotel, with two television lounges, 
a cosy little bar, their regular mess 
(closed to outsiders) and then this nice 
snack bar. It is in a very nicely decor- 
ated room, grey walls, a rosy red ceiling, 
and nice Audubon prints on the v;all. 
Small tables, and a few lounges with soft 
cushions. Here one may buy a T-bone steak 
with a tomato salad, toast, plenty of but- 
ter, the fanciest of jelly, for 90<^» The 
coffee is free, all yo-u have to do is pour 
it. French fried potatoes are 10^ extra 
with the steak for an enormous order, but 
twice the boy has refused to take the ex- 
tra dime for it. It really is a good 
meal, and is fine for about two nights a 
week. They also have omelettes, ham and 
eggs and sandwiches, all on the same price 
scale o 

Last week there seemed to be something 


doing every night mostly visiting back 
and forth betvreen rooms, though one night 
we had a little party here to decorate 
our Christmas tree. 

I had three days off at Xmas, Sat. Sun. 
and Monday, and anticipated quite a dis- 
mal time, but the contrary proved to be 
the case. • . . 

There is not much else to report for 
the present, except that I have been 
househunting, and although I have not yet 
found exactly what I viant, 1 don't antic- 
ipate too much difficulty, as there has 
been a tremendous amount of new building 
going on arovmd here since the war, 

I hope things are going well at the li- 
brary, and shall rn^ite again, and cer- 
tainly hope to get some of the news from 
the B^P.L. from time to time. 

With best wishes for a 
Happy New Year to all 

(signed) Sally Flannery 


Dr Charles R. Joy 
National Field Representative for CARE 

Six months of travel in Europe can be 
at one and the same time a very disquiet- 
ing and a very reassuring experience. It 
is disquieting to find that six years 
after the termination of hostilities in 
Europe so many millions of people are 
still suffering acute distress. It is 
reassuring to find that so much is being 
done in Europe itself to relieve this 
misery and that so much friendly help is 
still coming from America. 

I have been talking with deckhands in 
the East End of London with aged farmers 
in England's rural areas. I have been 
visiting the starving Spanish refugees in 
southeastern France and the fishermen in 
the battered towns of the French channel 
coast. I have been listening to the 
refugees from the Soviet Zone in Berlin 
and the mothers of little children living 
in the horrible bunkers of the west, I 
have been calling on the cave dwellers of 
Naples, the aqueduct families of Rome and 
the people in the vnretched little tovms 
in the southeast of Italy, which according 

to local legend Christ never visited. I 
have plodded on horseback for many hours 
up to the recently repatriated villages on ' 
the Greek mountain frontiers, where hunger ! 
and cold will take a deadly toll, this 
winter, and I have vralked down the muddy 
steps of earth dwellings in an Austrian 
community living entirely underground. 

The figiires themselves are appalling. 
More than a quarter of Italy's population 
involved in unemployment. 1,800 Greek 
villages suffering on the dangerous fron- 
tiers of that land. [i50,000 Volksdeutsche 
in Austria, eking out a lYretched existence 
below the minimal needs of life. More 
than 500,000 homeless boys and girls in 
Germany. 2^0,000 slowly perishing Spanish 
refugees. 12,000,000 refugees and expel- 
lees in Germany who cannot be supported by 
the shattered economy of that defeated 
country. Here are figures that give some 
idea of the frightening needs of men, 
women and little children^ 

But this is the story of Europe only. 
Imagine how the picture darkens vthen we 
begin to talk about the Near East and the 
Far East. All this is disquieting indeed. 

But the experience that travelers have 
is reassuring also= They discover that 
the heart of America is still tender. The 
relief organization of CARE Icnows this 
full well, for CARE packages are finding 
their way in large quantities into almost 
every great area of the world's need. The 
100,000th CARE parcel has just been de- 
livered in Japan. That represents 
$1,000,000 worth of American generosity. 
An initial shipment of 7,000 CARE parcels 
has just been delivered to Korean refugees. 
More than 6,200,000 packages have gone to 
Germany. Surplus foods, made available by 
the Commodity Credit Corporation, are be- 
ing shipped to Yugoslavia, unites of 300 j 
pounds for handling and shipping cost of ' 
only $^»3^' Thousands of starving people 
vri.ll be helped by this noble effort. In 
such viays as these CARE provides limitless 
opportunities for those \Tfho feel impelled 
to help in some small way to lift the i 
vrorld's terrible burden of distress, 1 

Of special interest to librarians is the 
extension of the CARE-UNESCO BOOK FUW to 
the field of children's books. The list i 
of books has been compiled by the Inter- I 
national Relations Committee of the Divi- 1 
sion of Libraries for Children and Young i 
People of the American Library Association. 
The program has been developed coopera- 
tively by the American Library Association, 


The National Congress of Parents and 
Teachers and The Association for Child- 
hood Education. There is a Shelf A, of 
picture books for young children and a 
Shelf B, for older boys and girls who are 
learning English. Each unit costs $10, 
and a whole book shelf costs ^$0, If the 
world's children understand each other 
today, the nations will understand each 
other tomorrow. 

This is the disquieting and the reas- 
suring side of the world situation today, 
and a glimpse of CARETS program in it. 
The enheartening fact in the midst of war 
and the preparation for war is the con- 
structive concern of America for the up- 
building of a happy and friendly world. 


Included in the collection of photo- 
graphs by members of the Boston Camera 
Club selected for the current exhibition 
at Boston Symphony Hall is one by I'lr 
Kenneth C. Barnes, Periodical and News- 
paper Department, entitled "A Cottage at 
l¥ilton". This is the second successive 
year in which Mr Barnes ^ work has been 
chosen for this particular event, 



E ast Boston 

A Christmas cookie tree was a happy 
substitute for the traditional fir or 
spruce. About one hundred frosted cook- 
ies decorated graceful, white branches 
for an effective case exhibit. Stars, 
bells, Santa Clauses, wreaths, Christmas 
trees, snowballs, animals, etco, fastened 
by red ribbon made a festive sugarplum 
tree. Before it took its place in the 
exhibit case, it was on display at the 
movies on the fifteenth and at the Christ- 
mas story hour in front of the fireplace 
on the sixteenth. At this later event, 
extra cookies from the base of the tree 
were distributed to the audience. At the 
Christmas movies on December twenty- 
second, the tree vras finally dismantled 
and the cookies which had hung from its 
branches were eaten with true holiday 

Phillips Brooks 

Christmas festivities this year were 
varied and offered something for every 
group, from pre-school to adults. 

The seasonal activities began with a 
morning coffee hour on December 8 for 
mothers and other adult readers when staff 
members recommended special books for 
Christmas . Another adult Christmas activ- 
ity was the December meetijig of the 
BRARY, when eighty-five persons gathered 
for an evening of music and Christmas 
readings. The program committee of 
"Friends" furnished particularly attrac- 
tive holiday refreshments, Tirith table 
decorations surrounding the punch bowl. 

For children, it began on Saturday after- 
noon, December l6, when a party of some $0 
attended the Junior Tributary Theatre pro- 
duction of Dickens' "Christmas Carol" .^ 

Another special event this year was the 
presentation of an original puppet play by 
a cast of fovir boys and eight girls, who 
are part of a Library group, t!iat has been 
working on hand puppetry for two years. 
The play itself, entitled SANTA GLAUS 
BRINGS GHRISTMS (To Those ^Afho Live in 
Books ) , was written by staff members and 
Miss Berit Lambertsen, It included ideas 
given by the young puppeteers who met with 
the staff to work out the play during the 
Thanksgiving recess ^ 

The play was presented at the Phillips 
Brooks Branch Library just before Christ- 
mas and was taken, with its folding stage, 
to the West Roxbury Branch Library during 
the Christmas holidays. The pre-school 
Christmas story hour was enlivened by pup- 
pets, too, when a series of animated Mother 
Goose rhymes was presented. Santa Glaus 
vdth his puppet hands presented a Christ- 
mas cookie to each child. 

Miss Berit Lambertsen, volunteer student 
Librarian from Norway, vras a special visi- 
tor on the evening when the third year 
Great Books Discussion Group had as its 
subject the SONG OF THE VOLSUIMGS, One of 
the leaders for the evening was Miss Bs 
Gertrude Wade, Book Selection Department, 
Division of Home Reading and Community 


West End 

On Friday, December 22, the staff gave a 
luncheon at the Library to Miss Mary Ryan 
on the occasion of her transfer. She was 
presented with a gift. 

During the month of January, there will 
be an exhibit of the 100 best photographs 
of children at play from a nation-wide 
newspaper contest, locally sponsored by 
the Grolier Society. 



One yellow pottery vase (slightly 
cracked) lent to the Bridge Party given by 
the BPLEBA, Inc., in December is still un- 
claimed. 'Till the owner please contact 
the Editor? 


In connection with the recent exhibit in 
the Young People's Roomj featuring Ruth 
Sawyer's new book, we quote from a letter 
received from her^ "I cannot tell you hovr 
much it means to have the Boston Library - 
my library - give T he Little Red Hor se 
such a loving welcome. Thank you one and 

RECE T^ TEri j't THE '.^ TAFF L '^BRARY " 

Bound volumes and current unbound issues 
of the journals listed below are available 
for circulation in the Staff Library. Mem- 
bers of the staff assigned to units lo- 
cated outside the Central Librai-y building 
may request these titles on Form Number 
7li6c Such requests should be sent to the 
Personne]. Office. Members of the staff 
located in the Central Library building 
maj"- self-charge 'iiese titles on blank 
slips provided for this purpose at the 
charging tray located next to the catalog 
of the Staff Library. 

American Library Association. 
A.L.A. membership directory. 

A.L.A. Washington newsletter, I 


American Library Association, Division of 
Cataloging and Classification. 

Journal of cataloging and classification. 
American Library Association, Division of 
Public Libraries. 

Public libraries. 
American Library Association. Staff Organ- 
izations Round Table. 

Book review digest. 
Boston, Public Library. 

B.P.L. News. 

The Boston Public Library Quarterly, 

Statistical report. 
College and research libraries. 
Harvard library bulletin. 
Library Association record. 
Library journal. 

Library quarterly. ., 

Massachusetts Library Association, 

Nev/ Yoi-k. Public Library, 

New Ycrk Times Book review. 
Publishers > weekly, 
Saturday re'ynew of literature. 
Special libraries o 

Special Libraries Association. Boston 

Boston Chapter. News bulletin. 
Subscription books oulletin. 
Vifilson library bulletin,, 

F icti on 

Aiken, Conrad P. 

Short stories, ^ 

New York; Duell, Sloan and Pearce, 19^0 
Allen, Hervey 

The city in the davm, 

Ne.Y York, Rinehart, 19^0 
Bacchslli, Riccardo 

The mill en the Po. 

Neu York, Pantheon, 1950 
Clift_, Gharmian 

Hig'-i Valley. 

Indianapolis, Bobbs-Merrill, 19^0 
Costain, Thomas B. 

Son of a hondred kings. 

Garden City, N.Y,, Doubleday, 1950 


Ellinger, Suzette 

The ividow. 

New York, Harcourt, Brace, 19^0 
Ertz, Susan 

The prodigal heart. 

Nev; York, Harper, 19^0 
Fletcher, Inglis 

Bennett's welcome. 

Indianapolis, Bobbs-Merrill, 19^0 
Foote, Shelby 

Follow me dovm. 

New York, Dial Press, 19^0 
Forester, Cecil S. 

Randall and river of time. 

Boston, Little, Broim, 19^0 
Fuller, Timothy 

Keep cool, Ilr Jones. 

Boston, Little, Brown, 1950 
Gheorghiu, Constant in V. 

The twenty-fifth hour. 

New York, Knopf, 1950 
Gill, Brendan 

The trouble of one house. 

Garden City, N.Y., Doubleday, 1950 
Graham, Yfinston 

Night without stars. 

Garden City, N.Y., Doubleday, 1950 
Green, Henry 


New York, Viking Press, 1950 
Henri, Florette 

Kings Mountain. 

Garden City, N.Y,, Doubleday, 1950 
Henry, Will 

No survivors, a novel. 

New York, Random House, 1950 
Hinsdale , Harriet 

Be my love. 

New York, Creative Age Press, 1950 
Kane, Harnett T. 

Pathway to the stars. 

Garden City, N.Y. , Doubleday, 1950 
Marquand, John P. 

Haven's end. 

Boston, Little, Brown, 1950 
Menen, Aubrey 

The backward bride. 

New York, Scribner, 1950 
Schulberg, Budd 

The disenchanted. 

New York, Random House, 1950 
Steele, Wilbur D. 

Diamond wedding. 

Garden City, W.Y., Doubleday, 1950 
Steinbeck, John 

Burning bright. 

New York, Viking Press, 1950 

Sykes, Christopher 

Character and situationj six short 


New York, Knopf, 1950 
Waugh, Evelyn 

Helena, a novel. 

Boston, Little, Brown, 1950 
Wickenden, Dan 

The dry season. 

New York, Morrow, 1950 
Wiegand, William G, 

At last Mr Tolliver 

New York, Rinehart, 1950 


Calorairis, Angela 

Red masquerade; undercover for the F.B.I. 

Philadelphia, Lippincott, 1950 
Clark, Mark ViT. 

Calculated risk. 

New York, Harper, 1950 
Daly, Maureen 

The perfect hostess. 

New York, Dodd, Mead, 1950 
Decker, Mary B, 

The world we savr; vdth Town Hall. 

New York, R.R. Smith, 1950 
Dobie, James F. 

The Ben Lilly legend, 

Boston, Little, Brown, 1950 
Ellis, H. F. 

The vexations of A.J, Wentworth, B,A. 

Boston, Little, Brown, 1950 
Fay, Adra M. 

Supervising library personnel, 

Chicago, American Library Association, 

Fry, Christopher 

The lady's not for burning. 

New York, Oxford University Press, 1950 
General B;Iills, inc., Minneapolis 

Betty Crocker's picture cook book, 

Minneapolis, 1950 
Gilbert, Virginia 

Virginia reel. 

Philadelphia, Lippincott, 1950 
Hokinson, Helen E. 

The ladies, God blesS 'emi 

New York, Dutton, 1950 
Holbrook, Steviart H. 

The Yankee exodus. 

New York, Jfecmillan, 1950 
Johnson, Byron L. 

The librarian and the teacher in general 


Chicago, American Library Association, 



Kirabrough, Emily 

The innocents from Indiana. 

New York, Harper, 1950 
Knovdes, Malcolm S. 

Informal adult education. 

NeviT York, Association Press, 19^0 
Lariar, Lawrence ed. 

Best cartoons of the year 1950, 

New York, Crovm, 19^0 
McKenney, Ruth 

Here's England, 

New York, Harper, 1950 
Maclean, Fitzroy 

Escape to adventure 

Boston, Little, Brown, 1950 
Ifeugham, William Somerset 

The Maugham reader. 

Garden City, N,Y,, Doubleday, 1950 
Melbo, Irving R. 

Our country's national parks, 

Indianapolis, Bobbs-Merrill, 1950 2v. 
Moody, Ra Iph 

Little britches; Father and I vrere 


New York, Norton, 1950 
Ogrizek, Dore ed. 

The United States. 

New York, Y/hittlesey House, 1950 
Sitwell, Sir Osbert, bart 

Noble essences; a book of characters, 

Boston, Little, Brovm, 1950 
Strand , Paul 

Time in New England. 

Nev: York, Oxford University Press, 1950 
Topp, Mildred 

In the pink. 

Boston, Houghton Mifflin, 1950 
Williams, J.H. 

Elephant Bill. 

Garden City, N.Y., Doubleday, 1950 
Zacharias, Ellis M, 

Behind closed doors. 

Nevf York, Putnam, 1950 




Miss Marion K. Abbot, Charles town 
Branch Library. 

Miss Mildred R. Adelson, Jamaica Plain 
Branch Library, 

Announcement has been made of the 

engagement of Miss Marjorie A. McGee, Ifem- 
orial Branch Library, to Mr Vifilliam 



Any contribution to the Soap Box must be 
accompanied by the fxill name of the Asso- 
ciation member submitting it, together 
with the name of the Branch Library, De- 
partment, or Office in which he or she is 
employed. The name is withheld from pub- 
lication, or a pen name used, if the con- 
tributor so requests. Anonymous contribu- 
tions are not given consideration. The 
author of the article is kncwn only to the 
contributor and to the Editor-in-Chief. 
The contents of articles appearing in the 
Soap Box are personal opinions expressed 
by individual Association members and 
their appearance does not necessarily in- 
dicate that the Publications Committee and 
the Association are in agreement with the 
views expressed. 

To the Soap Box: 

Might it not be a good idea to circulate, 
in addition to the List of Vacancies in 
Titular Positions, a list of openings for 
assistants below the Itth step level? 

Very often there may be a desirable op- 
portunity to work in a special department, 
an opportunity which is lost to well- 
qualified individuals employed in other 
departments or in branches particularly, 
simply because no publicity has been given 
to these vacancies. 

Possibly this suggestion for publicizing 
vacancies in the lower levels of the work 
scale may fall in line with the much dis- 
cussed rotation system now being experi- 
mented within certain quarters of the Li- 
brary system. 

To the Soap Box Editor: 

This is just a simple question but one 
which has been puzzling many staff members, 

I'That happens when one of the top three 
candidates on the eligible list for promo- 
tion to a titular position states that he 
is not interested in being considered for 
the position? Provided there are more than 
three candidates meeting the minimum 


requirements, is the fourth person on the 
list moved up into third place? And, 
supposing one of the top candidates is 
selected for appointment to another titu- 
lar position for vfhich he is also one of 
the top three candidates by the point 
system, if there are still names on the 
eligible list, is the next in line moved 

Naturally there are many cases in which 
less than three candidates are qualified 
for a particular position. But, when 
there happen to be more than three, we 
wonder if there is any hope for Miss Four 
of Mss Five in case one or more of those 
who originally rated among the three 
highest fades out of the picture. 

(Vath a boTi to Oscar O'Flahertie Wilde) 

He does not wear his bright bov; tie 

For bright bow ties are gay 

And gayety is not his lot. 

His is a somber day. 

For levity at the reference desk 

He does not draw his pay. 

He vralks amongst the Happy Men 
With a dour and abject mien. 
Solemn his step, downcast his eye 
As any ever seen 
And yet he was a jolly man 
Before his sin had been, 

Smeed he is an outcast now 
In utter bibliothetical disgrace. 
It seems he joked aloud at work, 
Brought smiles to every face, 
A thing unheard of heretofore 
And always out of place. 

Did I say joked? why he did worse 

He offended dignity. 

His sin it was an unpardonable sin, 

As all can plainly see. 

He guilty was — oh dreaded vrord — 

Of Sociability, 

And so they took his nameplate dovm, 
Tore off his bow tie gay. 
Locked his pencil sharpener up 
Dropped him from A. L. A, 
I never saw a man who looked 
So wistfully at the day. 

I never saw a man who looks 
VJith such a vastful eye 
At merry students at his desk 
Who merrily pass him by. 
Some of whom can even wear 
A bright and gay bov/ tie. 

Yet, each man sins the sin he loves 

Urged on by force invisible. 

And Smeed he did it vdth a phrase, 

A phrase jocose and risible. 

— But laughter at the reference desk 

Is strictly unpermissibleo 


Miss Marion A. McCarthy passed avray 
quietly on January thirteenth, after an 
illness of seven months. She began her 
career in the Library in 1895 in the then- 
called Issue Department, and at the time 
of her retirement in 19hS was Chief of the 
Book Preparation Department. 

To those who entered the Boston Public 
Library in the old Branch Department in 
the last quarter century — and there are 
many — as well as to those in other parts 
of the System, the name of Marion A. 
McCarthy has alvrays been synonymous with 
friendliness, sincerity, tolerance, pa- 
tience, loyalty, professional pride in her 
vrork, and the possession of an understand- 
ing, sympathetic heart. To have knovm her 
as a friend viras a revrarding experience, 
the memories of which can never be forgot- 
ten. At the party held in her honor at 
the time of her retirement, a tribute writ- 
ten and read by Mss Bessie L, Doherty ex- 
pressed so admirably what friendship with 
Miss McCarthy meant that., with permission, 
Y/e quote it here : 

A Tribute to Marion A. McCarthy 

A clever poet would no doubt have skill 
To take the tapestry of blended years, 
Woven mth myriad threads - some dull some 

Into the warp and woof of memory; 


And trace the motif with his pen until 
The pattern glowed in written harmony. 
But, to a humble follower of the Muse, 
Lacking the art to sketch the broader 

There falls the joy of holding one bright 

In thoughtful retrospect, for pen to scan 
And heart to cherish through remembering 

years . 
And so, dear friend, on this your own 

glad day. 
When we have come together joyously 
To pay our tribute to your every charm 
This golden strand of kindly graciousness 
Is mine to sing - and thus I voice my 


I never came to you in urgent haste 

To warm my heart at friendship's glov/ing 

But found sweet counsel, and my need 

With the gay courage you so well inspire, 

I never came v/ith eager tongue to boast 
Of some small triumph, but you gave it 

'Till in your understanding it became 
A thing of wonder and of lasting worth, 

I never came on leaden feet, bowed lov; 
With disillusioniTient, or stabbed by pain - 
But through your eyes of sympathy I 

The rainbow arching just beyond the rain, 

I never came in hushed and quiet mood 
To contemplate some bit of loveliness - 
But found my vision stretching to include 
A deeper wonder I could not express, 

I never came with laughter bubbling o'er 
To share with you some gay and lightsome 

thing - 
But with the mirth from out your generous 

You made the happiness within me sing, 

I never came in morning's quickened way, 
With hopes like banners reaching for the 

sky - 
But met an eagerness for each new day 
To match my o'vvn - your colors flying high. 

I never came when day's long march was j 
done, ' 

And evening yielding to approaching night - 
But found in you a restfulness and calm 
Reaching through shadows to a new dawn's 

Dear Alchemist, whose magic art can take 
The seeming unimportant things of life, 
The minor triumphs - heartaches - little 

fears - 
The day's end weariness - and constant 

l¥ith endless tasks remaining to be donej 
And sift and blend the laughter and the 

Until like varied roses their sweet fra- 
grance make 
The day full-brimmed with treasure 

consummate : 
Can you not tell us. Is there book or rule 
■y/hich we might ponder - is there class or 

Wherein to learn the secret which you hold? 

We, too, would change life's common things 
to gold. 

And now today - 

Our hearts are filled vrith gratitude to 

T?Jhose love has given us a friend so truej 
And we rejoice, for somewhere, faring on, 
That same unerring Love is guiding you. 

Miss McCarthy's devotion to her family, 
her pride in her nephew whose upbringing 
ivas early entrusted to the joint care of 
herself and her sister, her love of travel, 
her enjoyment of good music and drama, her 
ability to make and value friendships, and 
her pride and satisfaction in her vrork 
combined to make hers a full, rich life. 
We shall miss her, 



f 7- 





i/pe of ./»n"!>n(. as i^acllllG l-ueto. 

Boy'ston Hro]ei::.o"- oj" Kh?,t ::•"!■:: god 

Li I- c't I c '■ y c; t, 1 --! a r \ ' i r d i 1 n : \/ •? i- :;- 1 1 y , c^ n d 

iorrnei- !.ibi"3rian O"^ Con a res 5 


ujhose subject luiU he 


yrt^,d/.n6' and DidCU^siaricf/oePlu 



y(i luce ph' on io neu> officers^ 
and to M\\ Mar\(z\z-h iuill he 

^' e \d jo ! I nu > i n a the nn eef /n^ 



Mrs Geraldine S. Herrick, Chairman 

Mrs Dorothy M, Lovett Mrs Beryl Y. Robinson 

Louis Rains Gladys R» VJhite 

Please Post 



Published by the Boston Public Library Professional Staff Association 
Volume VI, Number 2 Februaryl9gl 

Publications Committee: Geraldine M. Altman, Ruth S. Cannell, Mary F. Daly, Thomas 

J. Manning, Beryl t. Robinson, Martin F. Waters, Louisa S. 
Metcalf, Chairman 

Publication date ; 
ThR fiftRRnth rf Raoh mantk. 

ro^aHi inP for submit .t.inp^ ipaterlal; 
each .m cirp>i^__ 

The tenth. 


With two years of outstanding accom- 
plishment and hard work behind it, the re- 
tiring Publications Committee may well 
have relinquished its task with a deep 
sense of pride and satisfaction in a job 
well done. If, as members of the Associa- 
tion, we have not individually expressed 
our thanks to the Committee for its ef- 
forts, we are confident that our apprecia- 
tion has been implicit in the eagerness 
with which each issue of The Question Mark 
has been awaited. Certainly no other sin- 
gle factor, in recent years, has contrib- 
uted so significantly, as has this publi- 
cation, in raising morale throughout the 
Library system. Through its columns the 
Branch Libraries and Central Departments 
have been brought more closely together, 
and a keener awareness and sharing of camr- 
mon interests and problems have been 
fostered. Two letters received recently 
from former members of the staff testify 
to this achievement and we are happy to 
share them with the Association, They 
are, we believe, richly deserved tributes 
to the former Publications Committee and 
reflect the feelings of every member of 
the Association, To the present untried 
Publications Committee they offer a chal- 
lenge to maintain the high standards 
already set. To every member of the Asso- 
ciation, may they also offer a challenge 
to help achieve this purpose with their 
continued confidence and cooperation. 

January 22, 1951 

Dear Chairman & 
Editorial Committee: 

I want to congratulate you on having 
produced one of the best library staff 
bulletins I have ever read. There has 
always been in the paper something every- 
one who has ever worked in a library could 

enjoy. The articles have been well 
written and well chosen. 

I also want to thank you for the joy I 
have had in reading The Question Mark , 
You have certainly done a good job. 

(signed) Edith Guerrier 

(Supervisor of Branch 
Libraries, Emeritus) 

January 2ii, 19^1 

Dear Miss Usher: 

For a long time I have been intending to 
write to you to tell you how much I enjoy 
reading The Question Mark . It radiates a 
special quality of cooperation, of sharing 
good times and sad times which seems to be 
unique in a staff bulletin. It's unique 
too in that it gives breadth of meaning to 
purely local happenings. 

I am very glad that it has been made 
available to other interested parties and 
I do wish it success in the future,.. 


(signed) Adele Sulesky Requena 
(Former member of the 
Director's Office) 



As the mid winter conference of the 
Massachusetts Library Association coincides 
with the publication date of The Question 
Mark the individual meetings Y/ill be re- 
ported in the next issue. 



New Staff Members 

Miss Shirley V. Anderson, Open Shelf 
Department (formerly part-time in the 
same department). 

Mr Albert J. Brogna, Open Shelf Depart- 
ment (formerly part-time in the Statisti- 
cal Department) . 

Vir John H. Packard, Open Shelf Depart- 
ment (formerly part-time in the same 
department ) . 

Mr Frederick I. Powers, Kirstein Busi- 
ness Branch. 

Miss Mary R. Roberts, 17ashington Vil- 
lage Branch Library (formerly part-time 
on the Bookmobile). 

Mr Ernest W. Roussos, Book Purchasing 

Miss Marie A. Strachan, Book Stack 
Service (formerly part-time in the same 

Mr George Yh Scully, Exhibits Office. 


-Mr Robert T. Smart, Kirstein Business 
Branch, to accept a teaching position at 
Boston University General College. 

Mrs Mary L, Yanovich, South Boston Li- 
brary, to remain at home. 


Miss Sarah Richman, Allston Branch Li- 
brary to the Bookmobile. 

Miss Ifergaret R. Bowers, Dorchester 
Branch Library to West Roxbury Branch Li- 

Miss Mary V. Doyle, Young People's Room 
to South Boston Branch Library. 

Miss Ruth S. Lyons, West Roxbury Branch 
Library to Young People's Room^ 

Mrs Evelyn G. Green, Bookmobile to 
Allston Branch Library. 


Miss Patricia M. McCarthy, Book Stack 
Service, to Mr John J. Blythe on January 
18, 1951. 

Mr Paul Tibbetts, Music Department, to 
Miss Judith Pittman on January 28, 1951, 
in the Harvard Memorial Chapel. 


Mr and llrs Paxil- Vinci announce the 
birth of a son, Paul Joseph Vinci, Jr., 
on January 31. Ifrs Vinci is a member of 
the staff of the Office of the Division 
of Home Reading and Community Services, 


Mss Anne L. Moore, Office of the Divi- 
sion of Home Reading and Community Services. 



Miss Katherine Sullivan, General Refer- 
ence Department, 13 Hartford Street, 
Dorchester 25. 

Miss Anne Brennan, Branch Issue Depart- 
ment, 19 Boylston Street, Jamaica Plain 30» 


To Jilrs I/Iarjorie G. Bouquet, who sailed 
from New York, Februarj'- 10, on the M. V. 
Italia, on a West Indies cruise. 


On January 28, Miss Jfary McDonough held 
a surprise party at her home for Miss Mary 
V. Doyle, who vias recently transferred 
from the Young People's Room to the South 
Boston Branch Library. Those present iTere: 
the l"Iisses Beatrice Coleman, Flora Ennis, 
Adelaide Lockhart, Ifiary McDonough, Anna 
Manning, Ollie Partridge, and Mrs Evelyn 
Mardeno After a delightful dinner Mary 
was presented the gift from her many 
friends at the Library — Beethoven's 
Ninth Symphony and Handel's Messiah to be 

played on the record player which they 
had sent to her home that afternoon. 

A bridal shovrer was tendered Miss Mary 
Leydon, Book Stack Service, in the Women's 
Lounge on Thursday, January 25. A set of 
Revere ware, towels, and a starter set of 
dishes v/ere among the many sho^Yer gifts 
presented to the future bride. Mary was 
also given a lovely corsage of pink 
camellias, and refreshments v/ere served. 

A surprise wedding shower v/as given for 
Mrs John Blythe on Thursday, February 2, 


in the Women's Lounge, by her friends in 
Book Stack Service, at which she received 
many lovely and useful gifts. 

Miss Patricia McCarthy, Book Stack Serv- 
ice, became the bride of I4r John Blythe 
on Thursday evening, January 18, in a 
quiet ceremony at St. William's Church, 
Dorchester, I^Irs Blythe was attended by 
her sister, Maureen, and Mr Arthur McKenna 
was best man. The couple visited New York 
on their vredding trip. 

On Thursday, February 1, at 5 P.M. at a 
simple wedding ceremony at St. Patrick's 
Church, Roxbury, Miss Mary Louise Leydon 
became the bride of l!ir Theodore Flanagan, 

Mary looked lovely in a honeybeige 
gabardine suit which was perfectly comple- 
mented by green accessories. She vras at- 
tended by her sister as maid of honor. 

Following the ceremony there was a 
family reception held at the Hotel 
Bradford. The happy couple then left on 
a honeymoon trip to Maine, 

Upon their return }l\r Flanagan will re- 
sume his studies at M.I,T. and Mary Tri.ll 
return to the Library, 


Miss Lilian Alenius, Helsinki, and 
Miss Isabel Lafuente, Madrid. Both these 
visits were arranged by the U. S. Informa- 
tion Educational Exchange Programs of the 
Department of State, 

Mr Kaluacchige Somadasa, Libraiy of the 
University of Ceylon, Colombo, Ceylon. 


Mr James ?f. Kinsella, Master Electrician 
and member of the Buildings Department 
since 1928, died on January l6, 1951, as 
the result of an accidnet which occurred 
at his home, 

"Jim", as he was better known to us all, 
lived in South Boston i/ihere he could see 

from his living room window Boston Harbor 
and all its points of interest. He was a 
sea-faring man at heart and served his 
country as an Electrician in the Sea Bees 
in World War II. He was an officer in 
the South Boston Yacht Club and loved to 
cruise around the harbor in his ovm little 

He is survived by his wife, who was 
formerly a Library enployee, and by a son 
serving with the Armed Forces in Alaska 
who flew home to attend his services 
which were held at St. Brigid's Church in 
South Boston. A military funeral was con- 
ducted by the Roxbury Post ^kh and honor- 
ary pall-bearers were chosen from the 
Library staff. Many of his former co- 
workers attended the services* 



At the end of five years of existence 
the BPLPSA has reached a critical point in 
its development and to assume the leader- 
ship as President of the Association is an 
honor and a challenge. The Association 
has initiated nximerous undertakings of im- 
portance to the Staff, successfully com- 
pleting many of them, and it vri.ll be neces- 
sary to plan carefully and work zealously 
that the future may be as fruitful as the 

It is my hope that more members i/vill 
participate in the Association activities, 
that all will be vocal in its affairs, and 
that by working together the Association 
will increasingly become a means of ex- 
pression and groiirbh for the entire biblio- 
thecal staff. The response in setting up 
the committees for this year would indi- 
cate that the members are aware of the 
need for cooperative effort and are not 
only willing but eager to vrork hard. 

The Program Committee of last year, with 
Mrs Herrick as chairman, has planned an 
outstanding occasion for February 23rd« 
To hear so distinguished a speaker as 
Archibald MacLeish is an unusual oppor- 
tunity in itself, but there will also be 
the added interest of viewing the new Open 
Shelf Department, and the pleasure of a 
social hour during which there will be a 
reception to the guest of the evening and 
the officers of the Association. 

With the Yforkshops starting in March and 
the Hartzell Lecture arranged for April 6, 


the Association is more than fulfilling 
its objectives this spring, and offering 
stimulation professionally as well as a 
chance to increase the efficiency of li- 
brary service by learning through doing, 

P. A. W. 

March 1 - May 2$, 19^1. 

The Planning Committee for the Library 
ViTorkshop of the BPLPSA announces that 
plans are near completion for the Workshop 
TERJ1S OF USE IN TIffi LIBRARY. As stated in 
the pre-registration notice of January 1^, 
the Workshop will follow the usual plan 
wherein participants of the groups will be 
working "on interests and problems with 
which they have been confronted in their 
work". Since y-re all have a background of 
experience in the field of librarianship, 
this plan of considering interests as well 
as problems will alloy; a v\rider choice on 
the part of individuals in their registra- 
tion for the various groups. Some may 
register for a group in virhich they have 
had the greatest special experience where- 
as others may register for a group because 
of interest rather than experience. It is 
hoped that this will provide a greater 
variety vfitbin each group and the subse- 
quent enrichment of all virho participate. 

The Workshop will be divided into a 
maximum of eleven groups of fifteen per- 
sons each, in five subject areas. As 
shown below, there virill be two groups for 
each subject area if there is a sufficient- 
ly large registration: the meeting time 
of each group is listed with the time of 
the additional group given in second 
place. In addition, although each group 
will set its ovm goals, a brief outline of 
suggested problems for study and discus- 
sion is listed under each subject area. 

1, Staff knowledge and evaluation of 
books for use with the public. Mon. 
or Tues. 9-11 a,m. 

The libraria n: background and 

special subject knov;ledge, inter- 
ests and attitudes towards books 
and people. 
Books : techniques for evaluating 
fiction and non-fiction for 

various reading levels, evalua- 
tion of review aids, the librar- 
ian's personal reading, and 
techniques of rapid reading. 
Public: judging interests and needs, 

consideration of time factor. 
Library responsibility : methods by 
vfhich administration, department 
head and branch librarian can aid 
and encourage staff knowledge of 
books and people, 
2o Development of book lists and their 
use, Frir or Tues, 9-11 a^m. 

Types ; value to reader and library, 
Tech: Ti que 5; knowledge of critical 
sources and perceptions of book 
Anno t ations : uses, length, and 
characteristics . 
3. Book talks for children and/or adults, 
Mon. or Thur. 9-11 a.m. 

Books ; influence of purpose and 
background of group, librarian's 
knowledge and evaluation of 
Techniques: of preparation, of or- 
ganization, of delivery. 
Audienc e ; desired results of talk, 
U, Reviewing and selection of books for 
young people (lU-20 years) Mon. or 
Tues. 9-11 a.m. 

Definition of "Young people"- dif- 
ferences of age, experience, and 
mental outlook. 
Influence of environment, education, 
and habits of group on reading 
Composition and housing of collec- 
Young people's librarian; personal- 
ity, background, reading habits, 
method of approach to group, 
$, Evaluation and use of pamphlet mate- 
rial (including government publica- 
tions) and periodical literature. 
Fri, or Thur. 9-11 a^m. 

Pamphlets: values, methods of use, 
care, and shelving; knov/ledge of 
by staff, familiarity by public; 
governm.ent publications. 
Periodical literature: values, fac- 
tors influencing purchase, use of 
indexes, problems of storage in 
small unit. 
Each group mil held weekly meetings and 
there T.dll be four general meetings in the 
Lecture Hall on the mornings of Thursday, 
March 1, Friday, llarch 30, Friday, April 27, 


and Friday, May 2$, The March 1 meeting 
will be an open meeting and will be in- 
troductory in nature with Saul B. 
Bernstein, Professor of Group V/ork, 
School of Social Vfork, Boston University, 
speaking on the value, purposes, and 
techniques of the Workshop. At the March 
30 meeting, there Tri.ll be brief prelimin- 
ary reports from the groups and Mrs Edirard 
Downes, Co-Director, Cambridge Remedial 
Education Services and Instructor in 
Reading Skills and Study Techniques, 
Garland School and Massachusetts Insti- 
tute of Technology, will speak, Mildred 
V. D. Mathews, Superintendent of Adult 
Services, New York Public Library, will 
be the speaker at the April 27 meeting. 
The final meeting on May 2$ will be en- 
tirely devoted to final reports from the 
groups . 

A partial list of consultants for the 
Workshop includes the follov/ing: 

Siri Andrevre, Young People's Librarian, 
Concord Public Library, and revievrer 
of Books for young people. The Horn 
Elizabeth Barry, Chief of Statistical 

Department, Boston Public Library. 
Louise B. Day, Librarian, Lynn Public 

Elizabeth M. Gordon, Deputy Supervisor, 
in Charge of Work with Children, 
Boston Public Library. 
Winifred Jackson Groos, formerly Head 
of Young People's Division, Central 
Library, Brooklyn, N. Y, and formerly 
Chairman of A, L. A. Young People's 
Book Selection Committee. 
Charles L. Higgins, Chief, General Ref- 
erence Department, Boston Public Li- 
Bradford M. Hill, Chief of Periodical 
and Nevfspaper Department and Deputy 
Supervisor of Reference and Research 
Services, Boston Public Library. 
Muriel C. Javelin, Deputy Supervisor, 
in Charge of Work with Advilts, Boston 
Public Library. 
Jennie D. Lindquist, Editor, The Horn 

Dorothy M. Lovett, Business Branch Li- 
brarian, Kirstein Business Branch, 
Boston Public Library. 
Louisa 3. Metcalf, Readers Adviser, 
Open Shelf Department, Boston Public 
Edna G. Peck, Chief of Book Selection 
for Home Reading Services, Boston 

Public Library. 
Rollo G. Silver, Assistant Professor of 
Library Science, School of Library 
Science, Simmons College. 
Ruth Hill Viguers, Lecturer, "chool of 
Library Science, and Special Instruc- 
tor in Children's Books and periodicals, 
Simmons College, 
Final registration of all who wish to 
participate in the Y''orkshop either as 
participants of a group or as observers at 
the general meetings will take place at 
the first general meeting. The fee of 
$1,00 will be payable at that time. If 
there are some vfho v;ill be unable to at- 
tend the meeting on March 1, registration 
prior to that date is possible by sending 
registration information (names, depart- 
ment or branch library and desired group) 
and the fee to Paul Moynihan, General Ref- 
erence Department, 



The Boston Public Library Professional 
Staff Association is sponsoring the estab- 
as a memorial to the former Supervisor of 
Training of the Boston Public Library. 
These lectures are to be given once a year, 
and the general theme of the annual pro- 
grams Tri.ll be planned around professional 
library subjects of current interest. 

The purpose of this Lectureship is to 
perpetuate the ideals and integrity of a 
greatly beloved and understanding teacher, 
who vras a constant stimulus and incentive 
to librarians and assistants, as well as 
to intellectual and cultural advancement 
in general. 

The Committee for the BERTHA V. HARTZELL 
MEMORIAL is very happy to announce that 
Mr Ralph Miinn, the Director of the Carnegie 
Public Library of Pittsburgh, Pa., and 
Director of the Carnegie Institute Library 
School vri-ll deliver the first address of 
1951, at 8:30 p.m., in the Lecture Hall of 
the Boston Public Library, 

Mr Ralph Munn, a former President of the 
American Library Association, and the 
Pennsylvania Library Association is an in- 
dividual of wide spread interests and out- 
standing achievement in the field of li- 
brarianship today, both through his pub- 
lications of significant professional 


literature and his valuable contributions 
to library practice in the United States, 

The Coininittee considers itself most 
fortunate in having obtained Mr Munn as 
its first speaker for the proposed series 
of the staff, their friends, and other 
interested librarians are cordially in- 
vited to attend, 

The special committee for the 
Bertha V. Hartzell Memorial, 



One of the many gratifying by-products 
of BPLPSA committee activities during the 
past year is the attractive scrapbook pre- 
pared by the CARE Committee under the 
chairmanship of Miss Helen Lambert, 
Uphams Corner Branch Library. This scrap- 
book, 15" X 12" in size, has been hand- 
somely engraved by the Boston Public Li- 
brary Printing Department with the words 
"CARE - Boston Public Library Professional 
Staff Association" in gold lettering to 
match the design on the cover. Miss 
Mildred Somes of the Book Preparation De- 
partment has added to the attractive ap- 
pearance of the book by a vignette bear- 
ing the inscription "cum gratiis". The 
title page, also the work of Miss Somes, 
bears the inscription "Letters from re- 
cipients of CARE packages sent by the 
Boston Public Library Professional Staff 
Association". A picture graces the first 
page showing Mr Eamon McDonough former 
CARE committee chairman, presenting lUr 
Malcolm Leete, Director of the New Englarc 
CARE program with a check. This check 
brought the BPLPSA CARE contribution to 
the $1000. mark as of January 9, 1950. 
Then follow letters from grateful recipi- 
ents from all parts of the world; Finlan(^ 
England, France, Germany, Israel, India, 
Norway, Holland, Korea, Italy, and many 
other countries. In most instances, the 
original letter, the translation and the 
stamped envelope are inclosed. These 
letters shov; how great is the need and 
how grateful those who have received par- 
cels feel toward us. A very small, but 
very important part is being played by 
the Association in establishing inter- 
national understanding, as evidenced by 

the letters in this volume. 

The Bindery Department of the Boston 
Public Library has prepared a protective 
cover for the volume which does not de- 
tract from its appearance. Plans are un- 
der way to have this volume displayed at 
the Massachusetts Library Association 
meeting at the Copley Plaza, and at the 
open meeting of the BPLPSA on February 23, 
195l« At present it may be seen in the 
Book Selection Department, Division of 
Home Reading Services. 

The Association is very proud of the 
work done by the CAPffi Committee during the 
past few years. It is also grateful to 
Miss Lambert and her committee for this 
tangible and lasting evidence of a very 
worthwhile project so ably carried forward. 

E. G. Peck 


Mrs Beryl Robinson, Children's Librarian, 
East Boston Branch Library, appeared on 
the OTZ-TV show February 13, 19^1, and 
spoke about Negro History Week, especially 
about the Exhibition at the South End 
Branch Library, This is the "Tucker Talks?' 
program known as the Human Interest Story 
of the Week. 

Miss Edna G. Peck, Chief of Book Selec- 
tion Department, Division of Home Reading 
and Community Services, appeared on the 
WWAC-TV show February 12, 19^1, and spoke 
about biographies of famous people who 
were born in February, 


En route to Paris 
Jan, 1, 1951 

. , , We are now on our way back to Paris 
after a month travelling through Switzer- 
land, Austria, and Italy. Switzerland is 
lovely - good food, too. I loved Salzburg 
and Vienna was a grand city even in ruins. 
We spent Christmas there then drove throu^ 
the Brenner Pass down to Florence and sun- 
shine, I'Te spent a week on the Island of 

Capri, where we saw in the New Year with 
many parades and fireworks. More parades 
in Rome on Three Kings Day. Now we have 
been driving along the sunny, beautiful 
Riviera. Paris v/ill seem pretty gloomy 
but in Spring it will be like the Riviera. 
Give my regards to everyone. Happy Nev; 

k February 1901 

... Here we do not get much news of life 
in the U. 3. other than a few major head- 
lines, so I've not much idea v/hat furors 
the papers stir up every day. , , On the 
whole, it looks from here as though the 
U. S. were being subjected to as concen- 
trated a propaganda program as U.S.S.R. 
Why all the hysteria about aggression, 
production, taxes, etc? No one here would 
fight again if they could, which they 
can't. Paris is really pretty much of a 
slum inside, though the buildings on the 
outside are very handsome, with beautiful 
iron balconies, gates and fences finely 
wrought in intricate designs. Some of the 
dumps we looked at for ■'!;'^0-60 a month make 
the East Cambridge slums look positively 
palatial. One woman told us vre could have 
a bath any time we wanted it, why even as 
often as once a week. Bathtubs and run- 
ning hot water are almost non-existent. 
"Tout comfort" means there is running cold 
water and a toilet somewhere in the build- 
ing. I think all the heat of the whole 
apartment house is in our apartment, and 
we keep supplementing it with a fire. 
Nothing is ever painted, or thrown away. 
Every room is filled with a collection of 
rotting plush chairs, tarnished ornately 
framed, enormous pictures, frayed rugs, 
all with ingrained dirt. Svri.tzerland and 
Austria are very clean and generally well 
painted. They also have good food. Those 
cheap, excellent French restaurants are a 
figment of someone's imagination. Any- 
thing under a dollar and a half will poi- 
son you, except at the American Embassy 
Restaurant. Naturally you pay extra for 
tablecloths, napkins, light, heat, service 
etc. Lights are very dim and expensive so 
I don't do much studying. Haven't really 
had time to do so, since it takes half the 
morning just to buy food for breakfast and 
lunch. Each store sells only one or two 
things, and in every one there is always 
a long line. Refrigerators do not exist, 
so you cook only for one day. Ah, for a 

super-market! You tip everyone, including 
the postman. All of which is merely to 
indicate that living in Europe is not so 
glamorous as everyone thinks. In the 
spring, when the sun finally comes out, 
Paris will appear much more romantic. Now 
it is raining, or about to rain, all the 
time. However, mth the car I have seen 
quite a bit of Paris, though I'm delaying 
much sightseeing within buildings until it 
is warmer. They are drafty as tombs right 
now, Larry has been teaching me to drive 
in the Bois de Boulogne and I've even 
driven out to Versailles, Chantilly and 
Fontainbleau. But Paris traffic I don't 
dare to try, because, since nearly every- 
one here is more or less a novice driver, 
there are frightful jams despite the 
paucity of cars. Everyone alvrays does the 
wrong thing. The Renault is an exception 
to the rule that anything made by the 
French vri.ll automatically fall apart in 
two vreeks. It runs very v/ell and gets i;8 
miles to the gallon, so we may try to 
bring it back with us, I am very scepti- 
cal about the fabulous French chic you 
hear so much about. It doesn't exist 
among the ordinary mortals. Clothes are 
fantastically expensive, more so than in 
the U.S., and the fabrics are generally 
pretty sleazy. There are some shops virhich 
display beautiful lingerie, but at prices 
that make Bonwit Teller look like Filene's 
basement. Actually, there is much more 
beautiful lingerie and clothing in Italy, 
and at much more reasonable prices, though 
I still did not get a handmade silk 
blouse — the cheapest are about $15» The 
only place I bought anything at all, out- 
side of some souvenir bells in Capri, was 
in Florence, where they had beautiful sil- 
ver jewelry and fine tooled leather. At 
Perruzzi brothers in Florence prices are 
about l/^ what they are in the Boston Shop, 
Larry bought me a pretty, simple watch in 
Z\irich and I got him a good camera for 
taking color pictures in Basle. Our first 
roll came out pretty well — 30 good pictures 
out of 36, ,,, One thiijg in which the 
French do excell the U. S. in fashion is 
in colors — they have beautiful subtle 
colors and designs which I have not been 
able to find anyr^here in the U.S. The 
only place vre vrent to concerts on our trip 
\7as Vienna, vifhere we went to the symphony 
and tvro operas. The Magic Flute perform- 
ance on Christmas night was superb, and 
certainly excelled by far anything I have 
seen in Paris, The Parisian ballet is 


Inferior to that of Vienna arjd to the 
American ballet. The other evening we 
heard a performance of St. Matthew's 
Passion by a Strasbourg choir — it was not 
the-finis-hed performance you would hear 
in Symphony Hall, though I, enjoyed it 
nonetheless, I am now beginning to be 
able to distinguish French vrords and thus 
to understand a good bit of spoken Frenchj 
though I can speak only very lj.mitedly 
myself. I am taking some lessons at 
Berlitz this month to build up my confi- 
dence and hope to be ready to assail the 
Bibliotheque Nationale by j\ferch. ... 

Lois (Shoemaker Iferkus) 

Editor's note ; The above Post card and 
letter were sent to Lliss Barbara Gxlson, 
History Reference Department, from a 
former member of that Department who re- 
signed from the service in October 1950 
to be married. 


On January 17, 19^1, the Boston Public 
Library anno\inced that its Civil Defense 
Program is to be under the general direc- 
tion of Mr John J, Connolly^ Assisting 
him in various capacities are: Mr John 
W. Tuley, Coordinat'orj Ttr Charles J. 
Gillis, Deputy Coordinator (for activities 
pertaining to bibliothecal staff and to 
memtjers of the public); I'ir Patrick A. 
Kennedy, Deputy Coordinator (for activi- 
ties pertaining to the clerical and 
mechanical staff and for the physical 
unit) J Mr Albert A. Carpenter, Deputy 
Coordinator, Branch Libraries; and Ivirs 
Edna M. ViTollent, R, N,, in charge of 
First Aid. 

In addition there has been created a 
Civil Defense Planning Committee, as dis- 
tinguished from an operating committee, 
whose duties are to advise, comment, and 
make suggestions for the" development of a 
Civil Defense Program in the Library. 
Serving on this committee are: Miss 
Sarah M. Usher, Chairman, Ifr Gerald L, 
Ball,, llrs Marjorie G. Bouquet, Miss Ruth 
S. Cannell, Mrs Mary G. Langton, Mrs 
Grace B. Loughlin, Mr Eamon E. McDonough, 
Mr Robert J, Roper, Miss Pauline T/innick, 
and Mr John V. Tuley, Ex Officio. 

Both committees have held several meet- 
ings and have also been in consultation 

with officials from the Department of 
Civil Defense of the City of Boston, 

In spite of the zero weather, on Thurs- 
day evening, February 8 in the Central . 
Library and eleven Branch Libraries,, over 
five hundred people attended the film 
showings of YOU CAN BEAT THE A-BOMB. 
Everything worked out according to schedule 
with twelve very fine, speakers supplied by 
the Civil Defense Department of the 'Ci'ty 
of Boston, and with prints of the film lent 
by the State Civil Defense Agency,, 

Comments from the Branch Librarians have 
been most enthusiastic, and there have been 
several. requests for a similar progi'am in 
the Springo Although these programs were 
planned primarily for adults, there were a 
few high school students in some of the 
audiences. According to reports, the 
questions asked by these young people were 
among the most intelligent questions of 
the evening. Ilfhich suggests the thought — 
should vre perhaps have special previews of 
YOU CAN BEAT .THE A-BOMB for high school 



On Wednesday morning, January 2[i, in the 
Central Library there was a special film 
showing for the members of the Greater 
Boston Girls' Activities Conference. The 
follovfing films vrere introduced by Mrs 




Mr.s Javelin gave a brief talk on the 
Library's film service and invited the 
members of the group to register for film 
cards. Several of them did so. 

This meeting was made possible through 
the co-operation of Miss Blanche C. 
McGowan, Secretary, the Girls', Activities 


The ALA Midwinter Meeting was held at 
the Edgevrater Beach Hotel in Chicago from 
Tuesday, 'January 30 to Saturday, February 3, 
1951 and the attendance was in the vicinity 


of l^lil. The Midwinter Meeting is to a 
great extent a working conference of 
Divisions, Boards and Committees. 

Probably the most surprising news item 
of the conference was the announcement at 
the Council Meeting on Wednesday by Mr 
John J'lackenzie Cory of his resignation as 
Executive Secretary of the ALA, effective 
as of September 1, 19^1 in order to ac- 
cept another position. 

Perhaps the main event was the Anniver- 
sary Dinner, scheduled in celebration of 
the AM Seventy-Fifth Anniversary in 19^1 
at which Mr Ralph E, Ellsworth, Director 
of the University of Iowa Libraries, 
Chairman of the ALA 75th Anniversary Com- 
mittee, spoke. The theme of the anni- 
versary year was announced as The Heritage 

of the U.S.A. in Times of Crisis ^ In a 
large measure, the promotion of the cele- 
bration is possible due to a contribution 
of $10,000 by Gardner M. Cowles, presi- 
dent of Cowles Publications, Inc. and 
editor of Look Magazine » The publication 
of two books and the ALA Anniversary Con- 
test and other details concerning the 
anniversary year are described in the ALA 
Bulletin, January 19^1, pages ll-llia 

The report of the Membership Dues and 
Perquisites Committee aroused considerable 
discussion at the Council Meeting on 
Wednesday, It vias proposed that an over- 
all increase in dues in the amount of $1, 
be put into effect, and with the funds 
thus acquired to re-establish an ALA 
placement service and to distribute free 
of charge to members the ALA Membership 
Directory . Opposition to the recommenda- 
tions was expressed as follows: (1) the 
earmarking of funds for a special purpose 
and (2) the raising of dues. The recom- 
mendations of the Committee were voted 
down resoundingly by the Council. 

Many libraries still lack pension sys- 
tems as the following story heard testi- 
fies. Because no pensions are available 
to employees of one large public library 
in the United States, when retirement be- 
comes compulsory at 70 years of age, ar- 
rangements are made for the staff member 
to vrork on a half-time basis for which he 
receives half-pay. At the present time 
this library has some twenty-five individ- 
uals working on this basis, the oldest of 
viThom is 92 years of age» 

Mrs I&rgie S. Malmberg, Director, ALA 
Washington office, met with the Federal 
Relations Committee and the state coordi- 
nators to discuss federal library 

legislation. There are at this time two 
bills before the Congress, H 1272 and 
S 3h9 which are concerned with housing and 
comra\inity facilities for vrar impacted 
areas. Action on these two bills vrill be 
awaited prior to introducing the Library 
Service Bill. It may be that this bill 
will be slanted toward war impacted areas 
if it seems the best procedure. In addi- 
tion, since timing is of great importance 
the introduction of the bill v;i].l be de- 
pendent upon the war situation to a great 
extent. For further details see the ALA 
Washington Newsletter on file in the Staff 

The Board of Education for Librarianship, 
an agency of the ALA Council, to which is 
delegated the responsibility for the ac- 
creditation of library schools, reported 
progress toward the development of recom- 
mendations for the revision of minimum 
standards for library schools. Proposals 
for Accrediting Professional Programs, A 

Statement of Policy by the ALA Board of 
Education for Librarianship is the lead 
article in the AM Bulle tin, January 19^1, 
pages 7-10. The four Subcommittees on 
Curriculum and Degrees; Faculty and Non- 
instructional Staff; Resources including 
Finances; and Appraisal of Results; ap- 
pointed to study and make recommendations 
in these major areas of concern in evalu- 
ating programs of professional education, 
reported at a joint meeting and luncheon 
sponsored by the Association of American 
Library Schools, the Library Education 
Division and the Board of Education for 
Librarianship, which appointed these Sub- 
committees, These reports will be availa- 
ble for distribution the latter part of 
February and may be obtained from Mass 
Anita M. Hostetter, Secretary to the Board 
at AM Headquarters 6 The Chairman of the 
Board reported that a conference of the 
Board and the chairmen of the Subcommittees 
is scheduled for early April to vrork on 
consolidating Subcommittee recommendations 
into a statement of minimum standards for 
five-year programs and a manual for the 
guidance of inspecting team^. A progress 
report was made by the Board to the Council 
on Saturday, 

The personnel officers of six large pub- 
lic libraries, Detroit Public Library, 
Brooklyn Public Library; Enoch Pratt Free 
Library; St. Louis Public Library; Indian- 
apolis Public Library; and Boston Public 
Library; met for lunch on Thursday to meet 
Miss Adra M, Fay, Assistant Librarian of 


the Minneapolis Public Library, whose 
booklet entitled Supervising Library 
Personnel has been published by ALA in 
recent months. Miss Fay indicated that 
the material had been found useful in the 
development of supervisors at the Min- 
neapolis Public Library and that she had 
been asked to make it available in print- 
ed form. (Three copies are in the col- 
lections of the Staff Library.) 

Alumni of the Library seen at the Mid- 
winter Meeting were Mr Roger P. Bristol, 
formerly a member of the staff of the 
Cataloging and Classification Department, 
Division of Reference and Research Serv- 
ices, now head cataloger at Peabody 
Institute in Baltimore and Miss Pauline 
O'Melia, formerly a Children's Librarian, 
now assistant professor of Library train- 
ing and Service, Florida State University, 
Tallahassee, Florida, 

Elizabeth L. Wright 


The Boston Public Library Quarterly 
provides in its January issue a gracious 
reminder of the wealth and variety of the 
Library's special collections. Two arti- 
cles, one by M. A. DeWolfe Howe and one 
by Walter Muir V/hitehill, on the current 
Ruzicka exhibition, and Arthur Heintzel-'s appreciation of the work of Gustav 
Wolf, as represented in the Library's re- 
cent acquisition of important examples 
of his art, commemorate the achievements 
of two transplanted nationals, one a 
Cr.ech and the other a German, whose lives 
r-'i work have enriched the country of 
uheir adoption. Of the latter Mr Heint- 
£?lman writes, "his receptive nature as- 
^iTiilated the culture of many lands and 
at:3s 3.. and his art made of hira a world- 
citizen, free from, prejudice and self in- 
tf;V8st. His concern was to create about 
him a world for all men and for all the 
ai ts . " A perusal of Mr Howe ■ s and Mr 
Whitehill's articles on the Czech artist, 
now living in Concord, will send the art 
lover to the Library's Treasure Room_; 
where a representative exhibition of Mr 
Ruzicka 's work is on view until the end 
of February, Of particular local inter- 
est are the Bos con prints of -which Mr 
Ihitehill says, "the many aspects of 

Boston have never been more felicitously 
expressed than in the series of wood en- 
gravings of Rudolph Ruzicka." 

Lovers of Saint Francis will read with 
interest Ellen Oldham's notes on the Li- 
brary's recent addition of an early manu- 
script of the Legenda Maio r to its great 
collection of Franciscan literature as- 
sembled by the late Paul Sabatier. Al- 
though this work of Saint Bonaventure is 
the official biography of St. Francis, 
Miss Oldham explains the dissension within 
the Franciscan order, and the consequent 
suppression of other contemporary accounts, 
which make it difficult for the modern 
scholar to reconstruct the life of the 
great Saint. 

Pay, Pension and Power , by Sidney Kaplan, 
is the first of two articles on the econom- 
ic grievances of the Massachusetts offi- 
cers of the Revolution. To the modern 
reader, for whom veteran's benefits are an 
accepted fact, the present article is a 
grim reminder that for Yn'ashington's offi- 
cers the Revolution must often have loomed 
as a struggle on two fronts: "on the 
first, political security for their 
country .•• and on the second, economic 
security for their families, to be won by 
petition and the threat of arm^s - from 
Congress and the State." Altliough Wash- 
ington consistently supported his officers' 
demands for financial security, too many 
members of Congress looked upon their 
grievp.nces as a nu: sance rather than a 
problem, until these grievances produced 
cabal in Philadelphia, and the first 
steps toward an army co\;p. In the long 
fight for hJgher pay, liberal pensions, 
and political power^ the Bay State offi- 
cers, comprising a fifth of the army's 
commissioned personnel, played a leading 

L. S. M. 


Eas t Bos to n 

Mor.?<.-:y, January 22nd saw the opening of 
the first hrbby shov/ to be sponsored by 


the East Boston Branch Library as exhibi- 
tors met to view the show, talk over their 
hobbies, meet other exhibitors, and enjoy 
some of the punch and home-made cookies 
for which this staff is becoming justly 
famous . 

A very creditable display revealed a 
wide variety of skills, with hobbies of 
many kinds displayed on both the Adult and 
the Children's Room floors. ViJhenever pos- 
sible, a natural arrangement added to the 
interest. An arm chair was used as a prop 
to display crocheted antimacassars and a 
vivid afghan, while beside it stood a 
table bearing in true tea-party fashion 
the pottery cups and saucers of one hobby- 
ist and the linens of another. A desk set 
of hammered copper, with delicately traced 
design in acorn pattern, was set up on a 
desk, with the metal blotter corners hold- 
ing a gay blotter, the book ends holding 
craft books, and the inkvrell and pen tray 
looking ready for use. Baskets were 
filled with ivy and flowers <. Two hand- 
some model airplanes that v/ill fly at 
fifty-five miles an hour, according to 
their designer, were perched as high as 
possible on top of the shelves. Other 
hobbies exhibited included silver jewelry, 
lamps, needlework of many kinds, arresting 
photographic displayvS, block printing, 
braided rugs, clay models, wood and metal 
crafts, puppets, a hooked rug set up on 
its frame to indicate the process of mak- 
ing, and taxidermy. The taxidermy exhibit 
attracted a great deal of attention. The 
young exhibitor, a high school senior, had 
developed her skill via correspondence 
course, and she displayed not only the re- 
sults of her intensive study — a hand- 
somely mounted crovf, a quail, a small na- 
ture scene showing a homed toad in its 
true setting — but also the material used 
in stuffing and mounting birds and animals, 
Collections of coins, stamps, sea shells 
and chess men all added interest to the 

There was a heartening response to this 
hobby shovr. Community-wide interest was 
stimulated in both the hobbies and in the 
library. Careful organization on the part 
of the staff and enthusiastic cooperation 
from old and yoting East Boston residents 
made this first experience in setting up a 
hobby shov/ in the library a satisfying and 
rewarding one with all concerned looking 
fonward to the second. 

Jamaica Plain 

Miss Mldred R. Adelson is back after a 
long absence. The public and staff are as 
happy as she is about her return. 


This year the Negro History Week exhibit 
was built around the Nobel Peace Award 
winner, Ralph Johnson Bunche, In addition 
to books and clippings on display pertinent 
to Negro History, books on the United 
Nations and Israel were also shovm. 

The Valentine exhibit was also enjoyed 
by all patrons both young and oldc, The 
bulletin board which was designed to look 
like one large valentine was especially 
popular with all our young vis iters ^ 

Miss Mar jorie McGee has returned from a 
trip to Yifashington D, C, where she visited 
a friend at Catholic University. Miss 
McGee and her party went on to Virginia 
and returned via New York, 

West End 

A combination Valentine and Snovman 
Party was given on Saturday morning, Feb- 
ruary 10, for the children who attend the 
regular Saturday morning story hours » Al- 
though the number of children present was 
small, because of the extremely cold 
weather, still, enthusiasm ran high, es- 
pecially for the paper snovman favors and 
the lacy valentines given to each child. 
A Valentine story highlighted the program, 
and the children themselves took part by 
telling about their own valentines. 


Open Shelf 

On Friday, February 2, a farewell party 
was given for George Vazakas, who was 
leaving for military service. There was 
punch, cake, and ice cream, and George 
vras given some film for his camera, pre- 
sented to him on an earlier occasion by 
the Department. 

Mrs Muriel Javelin and Misses Anne Moore 
and Mary McDonough joined the members of 
Open Shelf in vidshing George the best of 

Young People's 

On Saturday, February 3, 1951 > Miss Mary 
Doyle was the guest of honor at a dinner 
party at the home of Miss Mary Toy, Chief 
of the Young People's Room, Guests were 
fellow members of the staff of the Young 
People's Department. A pair of opera 
glasses was presented to Miss Doyle, who 
recently left the Central Library to work 
with young people at South Boston Branch 

The "Dickens Village", a model of London, 
including buildings and characters made 
famous by Charles Dickens, is once again 
on display, Vfe are happy to knovf that 
this exhibit, and the Alice in Wonderland, 
which was also made by Miss Louisa Stimsonj 
have been acquired as permanent possessions 
of the Boston Public Library. 

Kirstein Business Branch 

Vi/hen a letter addressed to "Mr. Kirstein 
B. Bramer" was received recently, we did 
not l<now whether to open it or to return 
it to the post office. But since it vrent 
on "Boston Public Library, City Hall 
Avenue", vre decided it was probably meant 
for us, and, how would vre know if we didn*t 
read it J The letter turned out to contain 
a simple reference question from another 
state. We shall probably never know hov; 
the patron evolved the address. 

Sometimes the mystery is reversed. The 
letter definitely belongs to us, but we 
wonder what services we have given to 
cause the heartwarming thanks expressed, 
as in the following: "We call frequently 
for help in various matters and not only 
is the information we need given us, but 
there is such willingness and cooperation 
on the part of your staff to assist us 
that all of us here vrant to express our 
grateful thanks to you and every member of 
your organization", 




Editor's Note ; This is the second of a 
series of listings of professional litera- 
ture in specific subject fields, compiled 
by Mrs Elizabeth Wright, Supervisor of 


American Library Association, Board on 
Personnel Administration, 

Descriptive list of professional and 

nonprofessional duties in libraries, 

Chicago, American Library Association, 

191^8. Z682.Ah972 
Baldwin, Emma V. 

Library costs and budgets. 

New York, R. R. Bowker Company, 19J41, 

Chicago-, University, Graduate library 
school. Library institute. 

Current issues in library administration. 

Chicago, The University of Chicago press, 

1939, Z678.C5 
Chicago, University. Graduate library 
school. Library institute. 

Personnel administration in libraries, 

Chicago, University of Chicago press, 

19ii6, Z678,C55 
Fay, Adra M, 

Supervising library personnel. 

Chicago, American Library Association^ 

1950, Z670,F3 
Garceau, Oliver 

The public library in the political 


New Yorkj Columbia University Press, 

19U9. Z678.G3 
Herbert, Clara W, 

Personnel administration in public li- 

Chicago, American Library Association, 

1939. Z678.H53 
Institute of government, University of 
Washington, Section on public library 


Seattle, Published by the Bureau of Pub- 
lic Administration, University of Wash- 
ington in cooperation T;ith the Yfashing- 

ton State Library, Olympia, 19li6. 

Z732,W32 15 
Los Angeles. Bureau of Budgets and Effi- 

Organization, administration, and the 

management of the Los Angeles Public 


Los Angeles, 19li8-50. 

Volume 8 - Business administration. 

Financial administration. 

Volume 9 - Personnel administration, 

Z733oL87 7 
McDiarmid, Errett W. 

The administration of the American public 



Chicago, American Library Association 
and the University of Illinois press, 
19U3. Z678eM25 

Pierce, Watson O'D. 
Work measurement in public libraries. 
New York, Social Science Research Coun- 
cil, 19ii9= Z678.P5 

Wight, Edvrard A. 

Fnblic library finance and accounting. 
Chicago, American Library Association, 
19l;3. Z683.W5 



Arnold, Elliott 

Blood brother-, 

llavr York, Eh-xell, Sloan and Pearce, 19^0 
The Best American short stories and the 
Yearbook of the American short story, 1950 

Boston, Houghton Mifflin, 19^0 
Bri')k, John 

Troubled spring. 

New York, Farrar, Straus, 19^0 
Carroll, Gladys H. 

Christmas v/ith Johnny, 

New York, Ikcmillan, 19^0 
Coker, Elizabeth B, 

Daughter of strangers. 

New York, Button, 19^0 
Coles, Manning, pseud . 

Dangerous by nature. 

Garden City, N. Y. Doubleday, 1950 
Conklin, Groff, ed. 

Big book of science fiction. 

New York, Crown Publishers, 19^0 
De Liso, Oscar 

V.T^eat of night. 

New York, Scribner, 19^0 
Hall, James N, 

The far lands, 

Boston, Little, Brown, 1950 
Harris, Cyril 

Street of Knives. 

Boston, Little, Brovm, 1950 
Heyer, Georgette 

The grand Sophy, 

New York, Putnam, 1950 
Klingman, Lawrence 

His fejesty O'Keefe. 

New York, Scribner, 1950 
NorvYay, Nevil Shute 

The legacy. 

Nev; York, Morrow, 1950 

Nowlnson, Marie L, 

The legacy of Gabrial Jiartel. 

New York, Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1950 
Sarton, May 

Shadow of a man. 

New York, Rinehart, 1950 
Shaw, Irwin 

Mixed company; collected short stories. 

New York, Random House, 1950 
Stinetorf, Louise A, 

V/hite witch doctoro 

Philadelphia, Vfestminster Press, 1950 
Stover, Herbert Ec 

Men in buckskin-. 

New York, Dodd, Mead, 1950 
Tilsley, Frank 

Champion Road. 

New York, Messner, 1950 
Walz, Jay 

The Bizarre sisters. 

New York, Duell, Sloan and Pearce, 1950 


Broadfield, A. 

A philosophy of librarianship. 

London, Grafton, 19U9 
Hinkley, Laura L, 

The Stevensons: Louis and Fanny. 

New York, Hastings House, 1950 
Kerlan, Irvin 

Nevfbery and Caldecott avrardsj a bibliog- 
raphy of first editions, 

Llinneapolis, University of Minnesota 

Press, 1914.9 
Kraus, Richard G. 

Square dances of today. 

New York, A. S. Barnes, 1950 
Lin, Yu-t'ang 

On the TO-sdom of America. 

New York, J. Day Co., 1950 
Lines, Kathleen 

Four to fourteen, a library of books for 


Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 

Logan, Joshua 

The wisteria trees. 

New York, Random House, 1950 
lilacDonald, Betty 

Anybody can do anything. 

Philadelphia, Lippincott, 1950 
Mangione, Jerre 

Reimion in Sicily. 

Boston, Houghton Mifflin, 1950 
Moss, William Stanley 

111 met by moonlight 

New York, Macmillan, 1950 


liters on, Abraham 

Speaking of man. 

New York, Knopf, 19^0 
Reynolds, Quentin J, 

Courtroom, the story of Samuel S, 


NeiT York, Farrar, Straus, 1950 
Sheen, Fulton J. 

Lift up your heart. 

New York, HcGraw-Hill, 19^0 
Special Libraries Association, New York 
Chapter . 

Special libraries directory of greater 

New York, 

New York, 19^0 
Wilson, Edmund 

Classics and commercials j a literary 

chronicle of the forties. 

New York, Farrar, Straus, 19^0 
Wulff, Louis L. V. 

Her ?Iajesty Queen Mary, 

London, S. Low, Iferston, 19i4.9 


Mitchell, Sydney B, The pioneer library 
school in middle age in The Library 
Quarterly, vol. XX, no. it; October, 19^0. 
Every librarian vdll enjoy this excerpt 
from a forth-coming book. It is based 
upon the author's recollections of his 
days at the Nevi York State Library 
School at Albany at t he beginning of 
the century. What he has to say about 
the school's quarters, the curriculum 
of that day, the field trips and the 
"first job" makes all the more inter- 
esting and significant the reading of 
such modern professional literature as 
the article that appeared in the Jan- 
uary, 1951 ALA Bulletin , entitled 
Proposals for accrediting professional 
programs, a statement of policy by the 
ALA Board of Education for Librarian- 
ship . However what the author has to 
say about the library immortals such as 
Dewey, Cutler, Briscoe and so on, is 
the best part of the article. His 
quotation from I'ielvil Dewey, "We didjr^t- 
have self starters then; you had to 
have a crank;" could become a library 
Library Science Abstracts . 

The third issue of this abstracting 
service, published by the Library Asso- 
ciation in London, arrived here early 

in December. .It covers- articles appear- 
ing in some 100 magazines, culling arti- 
cles of interest to librarians from 
literary, historical, and trade periodi- 
cals, as well as from library journals. 
It covers all philosophies, problems, 
and techniques of the book and the li- 
brary. It is international and poly- 
lingual in its inclusiveness. In the 
Iferch-April, 1950 issue, it abstracts 
tviTO articles from Bibliotekorz , pub- 
lished in Poland. One concerns an ap- 
parently magnificent building that had 
been completed and staffed. The second 
concerns the philosophy of recruiting 
for librarianship and library service 
itself. It is illuminating reading, 
A file of Library Science Abstracts is 
to be found in the Periodical and Nevrs- 
paper Department of the Division of Ref- 
erence and Research Services. It is an 
admirable complement to the presentation 
of professional sources of information 
previously available through the H. ViT. 
Wilson publication Library Literature . 

J. M. C, 



Any contribution to the Soap Box must be 
accompanied by the full name of the Asso- 
ciation member submitting it, together 
with the name of the Branch Library, De- 
partment, or Office in which he or she is 
employed. The name is ivithheld from pub- 
lication, or a pen name used, if the con- 
tributor so requests. Anonymous contribu- 
tions are not given consideration. The 
author of the article Is known only to the 
contributor and to the Editor-in-Chief, 
The contents of articles appearing in the 
Soap Box are personal opinions expressed 
by individual Association members and 
their appearance does not necessarily in- 
dicate that the Publications Committee and 
the Association are in agreement vri. th the 
view? ?xpr;s s e do 

Dear Editor, 

Can anyone answer this query? If a 
First Assistant is granted the pay of a 
chief for doing a chief's work for an ex- 
tended period, vfhy is this not done down 
the line, especially if the general 


assistant or Second Assistant has quali- 
fied for the position above his grade, 
which he is also filling for an extended 


To the Editor: 

Only those whose memories catch and hold 
dates and events which have nothing spe- 
cific to do with them ivill have been con- 
scious of the fact that when the exhibits 
were placed in the front hall cases for 
February 19^1, the beginning of a second 
year for that project had begun. The 
exhibits, according to that memory, v/ere 
those for Abraham Lincoln's and George 
Washington's birthdays in 1950» 

Because the exhibits shown in the last 
twelve months have demonstrated what can 
be done by way of introducing members of 
the public to what the Library offers, as 
soon as they enter the front lobby j that 
they have been vrell chosen and are de- 
serving of commendation — these facts 
prompt a pause long enough to express ap- 
preciation for the past year and to extend 
best vri-shes for the success of the vrork in 
its second year. This, of course, is only 
one person's opinion — but, somehow, the 
general impression is that it is shared by 

S. M. U. 

(In Women's Lounge) 

I've had my fill of the Window Sill 
Though the view, I grant, is good. 
But a seat of stone, couldn't hold its 

If compared to that SOLID WOOD I 

In vain I search for a softer perch, 
lITiere the breeze won't freeze the spine 
But a vacant chair is a thing so rare 
I would sigh to call one mine, 

I cry defeat-but I vrant a seat 

Can I honestly be blamed? 

With my back against a pane of glass, 

I feel like I've been framed. 

I've had my fill of the window sill 
For I'm one of the calloused crevf. 

Dear Editor: 

The recent appeal from the Red Cross 
Blood Bank sent to the Departments and 
Branches of the Library cause us to wonder 
what tangible results this appeal has 
brought. As many well intentioned persons 
require only the prodding of a concerted 
effort, might it not be possible for the 
Association to recruit staff members for 
this purpose, as has been done by other 
local organizations? The fine response to 
firstj Care and other charitable appeals on the 
part of the staff would suggest an equally 
generous response to the present appeal 
for blood donors. 

Who wonder why it's called the lo\mge 
^.Tien alas, we never do. 


Athanasius Smeed, a brother had 

llfhose name vras Thanatasius Cad 

I'lfho for his living "'twas his lot 

To work down where the books are bought. 

Alas poor Cad, an outcast too 
For Vifhat he had the gall to do. 
Is shunned and placed in solitaire 
I'lTien all he wanted I'las fresh air. 

And noTiT alone Cad sits and works. 

Is laughed at for his strange, odd quirks. 

To think that anyone vrould dare 

To ever want to breathe fresh air. 


In college days he quaffed the cup, 
Sang louder than the restc 

His dress was bold, his tie was loud. 
His jokes considered the best. 

I savj- him today in a sombre suit, 
His voice was meek, not merry o 

I understood when he confessed 
He worked in a library, 

R. P, C, 



It takes a heap o' filin' 
To change from old to new. 
It takes a heap o' stampin' 
To change from "Lent" to "Due". 

The public is delighted 
For now the house rules say- 
That they can have as many books 
As they can lug away. 

They're taking all our volumes 
From Freud to Ethan Frome 
And it takes a heap o' work in' 
Before they all go home. 


A hearing was held January 2k on House Bill No. 8^ 
a copy of which appears below. 

HOUSE .,.«,,.., No. 880 

By W. Tracy of Boston, petition of Philip A. Tracy 
that the Metz'opolitan District Commission be author- 
ized to operate the Boston Public Library system. 
Metropolitan Affairs o 

In the Year One Thousand Nine Hundred and Fifty-One, 


Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives 
in General Court assembled, and by the authority of the 
same, as follows; 

1- The metropolitan district commission is hereby 

2 authorized and directed to assume the operation and 

3 direction of the Boston Public Library system, and 
h the members of said commission shall replace the 

5 present board of trustees and librarian. Said coro- 

6 mission may expend for said purposes such sums as 

7 may hereafter be appropriated therefor. 

Local #13lli. Library Maintenance Employees, is on 
record as opposed to this bill. 

Officers and Standing Committees^ 19$1 

Vice President 
Corresponding Secretary- 
Recording Secretary 

Pauline A. Vfelker 
George E. Earley 
Edith Mo Sliney 
Doris N. French 
Charles J. Gillis 

The Executive Board 

Mary M. McDonough 
Paul V, Moynihan 

Margaret A. Morgan 
Theodora B. Scoff 

Standing Committees 


Louis Polishook, Chairman 

Elizabeth G. Barry 


Dorothy F. Nourse , Chairman 

Gracemarie V. Alfe 

Helen E, Colgan 

Fern K, Inge rs oil 

Vera J, Lavorgna 

J'lary E. Lyons 

Rhoda M. O'Donnell 

Alice R. Riley 
Sarah M. Usher 

Eileen T. Wilson 

Membership and Hospitality 

Beverly G. Lambert, Chairman 

Dorothy E. Bavicchi 
Beatrice P. Frederick 
Marie Hewes 
Marion Fo Martin 
Sheila Pierce 
Patricia A. Tuley 

Men's House 

Arthiir W. Mulloney, Chairman 
Paul W. Smith 
William DiRosario 


Mtiriel C. Javelin, Chairman 

Edward X. Casey 

Margaret W, Haverty 
Ruth M. Hayes 
Pearl Smart 
Loraine Sullivan 
Pauline Winnick 

Science and Teclinology Department 
(Patent Room) 
Statistical Department 

East Boston Branch Library 

North End Branch Library 

West End Branch Library 

Brighton Branch Library 

Fine Arts Department 

Information Office ' . ' 

Office of iDxvision of Home Reading 

and Community Services 

Charles town Branch Library 

Office of Records, Files, 


Book Purchasing Department 

Cataloging and Classification for 
Reference and Research Services 
Hyde Park Branch Library 
Dorchester Branch Library 
Book Purchasing Department 
Orient Heights Branch Library 
Book Stack Service 
Book Preparation Department 

Statistical Department 
Business Office 
Fine Arts Department 

Office of the Division of Home 
Reading and Community Services 
Cataloging and Classification for 
Reference and Research Services 
Jamaica Plain Branch Library 
Neponset Branch Library 
Personnel Office 

Science and Technology Department 
Codman Square Branch Library 


Louisa S. Metcalf, Chairman 
Geraldine M, Altman 
Ruth S. Cannell 

Mary F, Daly 
Thomas J, Manning 
Beryl Y. Robinson 
Martin F. Waters 

Staff Library 

Gladys R. Ti'/hite, Chairman 
G. Elizabeth Fitzgerald 

Gertrude S. McCabe 
B. Gertrude Wade 

F. Laurelle West 

Women's House 

Barbara Gilson, Chairman 
Florence Connolly 
Mildred Francis 
Laura Nitchie 
Sigrid R. Reddy 

Open Shelf Department 
Jamaica Plain Branch Library 
Office of Division of Home Reading 
and Community Services 
Statistical Department 
Exhibits Office 
East Boston Branch Library 
History Department 

Mt. Pleasant Branch Library 
Cataloging and Classification for 
Reference and Research Services 
Book Purchasing Department 
Book Selection Department, Home 
Reading Services 
Phillips Brooks Branch Library 

History Department 

Fine Arts Department 

Business Office 

General Reference Department 

Open Shelf Department 

Special Committees 


May C. McDonald, Chairman 
Emilia Lange 
Veronica Lehane 
Bette B. Freer 
Sarah Richman 

School Issue Department 
General Reference Department 
Memorial Branch Library 
Mt. Pleasant Branch Library 

In-Service Training 

Bradford M, Hill, Chairman 
Geraldine T. Beck 
Evelyn Levy 
M» Catherine Robbins 

Periodical and Newspaper Department 
Connolly Branch Library 
Jeffries Point Branch Library 
Director's Office 

Personnel Service Ratings 
Alice E, Hackett, Chairman 

Barbara F. Cotter 

Marie T. Cronin 
Dorothy P. Shaw 
Gladys R. White 


Louis Polishook, Chairman 

Elizabeth G. Barry 
Albert L, Carpenter 

Catherine M, MacDonald 


Anne L, Moore, Chairman 

Eleanor F, Halligan 
Mildred R. Somes 

Cataloging and Classification for 
Reference and Research Services 
Office of Division of Reference 
and Research Services 
West Roxbury Branch Library 
Periodical and Newspaper Department 
Mt» Pleasant Branch Library 

Science and Technology Department 

(Patent Room) 

Statistical Department 

Office of Division of Home Reading 

and Community Services 

Personnel Office 

Office of Division of Home Reading 
and Community Services 
Statistical Department 
Book Preparation Department 




Published by the Boston Public Library Professional Staff Association 

Volume VI, Number 3 March 19^1 

Publications Committee: Geraldine M. Altman, Ruth S, Cannell, Mary F^ Daly, Thomas 

J. Manning, Beryl Y. Robinson, Martin F. Waters, Louisa S. 
Metcalf, Chairman 

Publication date ; 
The fifteenth of each month 

Deadline for sub m itting iraterial ; 
The tenth of each month 


To those with lingering doubts that the 
Association has come of age, ample proof 
to the contrary is provided by three 
Association sponsored activities during 
the past month which demonstrate its con- 
tinued vigor and growth. These were the 
successful opening of the workshops, the 
splendid evening program at which Ifr 
Archibald MacLeish spdce, and the symposium 
on the Public Library Inquiry arranged by 
a committee of the Association at the 
Director's request. The latter program 
took the place of the regialarly scheduled 
staff meetings, which would normally have 
been conducted by the Director, and be- 
cause it represented an innovation for 
both the staff and the Administration it 
was viewed with special interest. Apart 
from its success, per se, as a carefully 
planned and ably executed program, the 
symposi\im had added significance as an ex- 
ample of creative staff-management rela- j 
tions. It demonstrated a healthy sign of | 
staff and Administration meeting together i 
on equal terras, with the Director acting 
as consultant, in a discussion of problems 
of mutual concern. Obviously all meetings 
could not be conducted in this fashion, 
nor would it be desirable, but the enthu- 
siastic response evident on this occasion 
testified to the success of the experiment 
which was originally suggested in the re- 
port of the 19^0 Special Committee on In- 
service Training, So long as the Associa- 
tion remains on the alert to areas in which 
it can make positive contributions such as 
this, and welcomes opportunities as they 
arise to participate with the Administra- 
tion in policy making, it will continue to 
be a dynamic force in library affairs. To 
shrug off suggestions from either staff or 
Administration for increased participation 
with the attitude that certain problems 
are the responsibility of nianagement alone 

would be to shirk our responsibility to 
bring about closer cooperation between the 
staff and the Administration in improving 
library service to the public-* 


On Monday, lilarch 19, there will be pre- 
sented to the BPLPSA the tape recording of 
the talk A Reading and Discussion of Poetry 
given by Mr Archibald MacLeish on Friday, 
February 23 in the New Open Shelf Depart- 
ment. An informal gathering is planned in 
the Staff Library from ll:l5 a,m, to 12:l5 
p,m9, to hear this program. All members 
of the staff are invited to be present. 
The recording will last one hour, but 
staff members may "drop in" for a few min- 
utes if they cannot stay for the complete 

The film, "You Can Beat the A-Bomb" will 
be shown five times daily, except Thursday, 
in the Lecture Hall of the Central Library 
during the week of March 12-16, Fliers 
advertising the film showings have been 
sent to local schools, churches, banks, 
business firms and other organizations! 

"Contemporary Typography Abroad" is the 
subject of an exhibition of recent book 
production currently on view at the Book- 
builders Vifovkshop, 90 Beacon Street, 
through ferch l6. It includes books from 
France, England, Russia, Norway, Spain, 
Switzerland, Sweden, Mexico, Italy, 
Czechkoslovakia, Denmark, China, and South 
America. Of particular interest is the 
extensive display of German books, book 
jackets, catalogs, magazines, calendars. 


and calligraphy. As prices are quoted for 
most items in the exhibit interesting com- 
parisons may be drai^m -with price and 
format of American publications. The ex- 
hibit is open free to the public. 


New S taff Me mbers 

Mr William" J, Scannell, Statistical De- 
partment. , 

Miss Pearl G. Lewis, General Reference 
Department . 

Miss Dorothy F. Chabot, Book Stack Serv- 
ice (formerly worked in this department). 

Miss Catherine H, Evans, Cataloging and 
Classification, Division of Reference and 
Research Services (formerly part-time 
assistant in same department) . 

Mrs Veronica M. Tibets, Book Stack Serv- 
ice (formerly worked in same department). 

Transferre d 

Miss Lorraine C. Faille, Mattapan Branch 
Library to the Open Shelf Department, 

Jilrs Augusta G. Rubenstein, Book Selec- 
tion Department, Division of Home Reading 
and Community Services, to Mattapan Branch 


Miss Jkrgaret A. Calnan, Connoly Branch 
Library, to Mr Harold R. Donaghue of 

Miss Mary F, Maguire, Information Office, 
to Mr William Scanlan of Roxbury, 

Miss D. Elaine Parsons, Kirstein Business 
Branch, to T'lr Thomas Iferzilli of West 


Miss Janet Rabinovitz, Open Shelf De- 
partment, to Mr Sidney Quint on February 
20, 1951. 


Miss Joan Donlon, Director's Office, 
Mr Lloyd Vif. Griffin, Cataloging and 
Classification, Division of Reference and 
Research Services, to accept a position at 
the Peabody Institute in Baltimore, 

Mr Joseph G. Sakey, Cataloging ai*i Clas- 
sification, Division of Reference md Re- 
search Services, to accept a position with 
the U, S. Air Force Geo- Physical Research 
Laboratories in Cambridge. 

Miss Estella R, Henderson, Jeffries 
Point Branch Library, to be married and to 
live in Chicago. -^* 

Miss Jane M, Moyer, Kirstein Business 'h 
Branch; to accept a position with an in- ' 
vestment firrao 


Mrs Frances W. Kel'ley, Book Selection 
for Home Reading Services, who has been on 
leave of absence. 

Miss Mary F. Maguire, Inforiintion Office, 
after an illness. 



Miss Ruth M. Hayes, Neponset Branch Li- || 
brary, 132 Elmer Road, Dorchestefo " 

Miss Beatrice Flanagan_, Chief, School 
Issue Department, who is recuperating from 
a fractured shoulder at her home, U30 
Adams ST;reet, Dorchester 22. 

Mrs Margaret Filburn, Cataloging and 
Classification Department for Reference 
and Research Services, recuperating from 
influenza at the Newton-Wellesley Hospital, 

IJIiss Ellen C. Peterson, North End Branch 
Library, 7 Linwood Street, Hyde Park 36. 


Miss Janet Rabinovitz, Open Shelf De- 
partment, was married on February 20 to 
Mr Sidney F. Quint of Dorchester, in an 
impressive orthodox ceremony. Tfearing a 
white satin gown, the bride was attended 
by the groom's sister. Miss Shirley Quint, 
and her brother was Mr Quint's best man, 
A reception for the couple's immediate 
family and close friends followed the 
ceremony. After a wedding trip to New York 
and Washington, Mr Quint, who was on fur- 
lough from the Army, returned to Fort 
Bliss, Texas, where he is stationed. His 
bride plans to join him there follox'rLng 
her graduation from Simmons College Li- 
brary School in June, 




On Wednesday, Jlarch the eighth, Miss 
Elizabeth McShane, Branch Librarian, 
Washington Village Branch Library, who is 
retiring from the service on Api'il 30^ was 
guest at a liincheon given in her honor at 
the Toll House.* On this occasion she vras 
presented vrith a purse of money, a gift, 
from her many library associates. The 
quiet celebration ^vas in recognition of 
■ her years as a member of the staff of the 
Boston Public Library. 

The beautiful setting, of a colorful 
dining-room, in an inn famous for fine 
food, made a delightful atmosphere for the 
guest to talk of her future plans. 

Her many friends wish her much health 
and happiness during her years of leisure 

On February 19, a tea was given at the 
Kirstein Business Branch in honor of Miss 
Jane Moyer«. The staff presented her with 
a gift and their best wishes for success 
in her new position as a security analyst 
■vdth a Boston brokerage, 


Mr Taira Takeda, Librarian, Yokosuka 
Municipal Library, Kanagawa Prefecture, 

Mr Masai ''%tanabe. Librarian, Niigata 
Prefectural Library, Niigata, Japan, 

Mr Hiroshi Yamanaka, Librarian, 
Hiroshima University. 

These visits vrere under the sponsorship 
of the U. S. Office of Education. 




Miss Anne M. Donovan, Branch Librarian, 
Emeritus ,, passed away, after a brief ill- 
ness, on Friday, -February l6. She retired 
a few years ag6 after long and faithful 
service in the Boston Public Library. 
More than half of her years were spent at 
the Charlestown Branch Library. It was 
there that some of us worked with her and 

and best remember her. She was always a 
happy person^ eager to see the best sid© 
of those Tflrho were learning the liorary 
routine and generous in her desJre to help 
them-, Her love of music, of dancing, and 
laughter we shall remember „ On oocial oc- 
casions when she eiv; ertained us., we real- 
ized how much she loved these 'ohings- If, 
and when, we meet and talk ovej.- E?L col- 
leagues, we will miss he:- fine -.-.pirit , 

Her assistants at the Roslino.^le Brc.neh 
Library where she worked at th? time of 
her retirement, the Branch Librarians as a 
group, and all the others whorie lives 
touched hers have glad memories of her 
joyous disposition and are saddened at her 

Margaret McGovern 


I'That does the Catholic Library Association 

offer the Catholic Librarians in the Public 

Library Servic e? lilary Alice Roa, Book 
Purchasing Departmentj in The Catholic 
Library World. January, 19^1. pp. 108-111. 


Appearing as one of the actors in A 
Touch of the Times, the full-length feature 

movie produced by Harvard stude::its and 
photographed in Boston, Cambridge, Newton, 
and Wellesley, is Louis Edv;ard Sissman, 
formerly of the Office of Records, Files, 
Statistics, See ; Rotogravure Section, 
Boston Sunday Herald , J'larch U, 19^1^ page 


Mr and Mrs Allan Angoff , the latter, ' the 
former Florence Adelson, are the parents 
of a son. Jay Bernard,, born February 19* 
Both Mr and Mrs Angoff are Library alumnae. 

Mr and Jtrs Wilfred M. Sherman announce 
the birth of a son on Iferch 5, 1951. Mrs 
Annette Sherman was a member of the staff 
of the Personnel Office, 



Mr Abraham Kalish, formerly of the Office 
of the Chief Librarian of the Circulation 
Division, now with the State Department, 
was a recent visitor to the Library, 

Dr Miriam T. Rooney, a member of the 
Cataloging Department, Reference Division, 
from I92U-I928, was recently appointed 
dean of the newly founded Seton Hall 
University Law School, Jersey City, New 
Jersey. Dr Rooney is the only woman in 
the country now serving in such a capacity, 
and comes to her new position from one as 
assistant to the legal adviser of the De- 
partment of State, 

^{^;— ;;-;;— ;;-;^-;!-;;—;;. 


The new year for the Association had an 
auspicious beginning with the well-attended 
meeting on February 23rd which was greatly 
enjoyed. By fortuitous circiunstances it 
was possible to have a tape recording made 
of Mr MacLeish's talk and readings. One 
tape recording was made and given to the 
Library and one to Mr ifecLeish, 

As there are times when there is a con- 
siderable amount of money in the treasury 
because special funds such as CARE and the 
Hartzell funds are included, it seemed 
desirable to have the Treasurer bonded. 
This has been done in the amount of $500, 

Speaking of this matter brings up the 
subject of the condition of the treasury 
about which there may be a misapprehension. 
The total sum reported at the January 
business meeting included CARE money and 
there were outstanding bills for paper and 
postage, which when paid, considerably de- 
pleted the figure given. The membership 
should deliberate the fact that the dues 
collected for last year amounted to $ll6 
and the expense for mimeograph paper alone 
am.o\inted to $138, 

The City of Boston Employee's Associa- 
tion is a newly established organization 
offering group life insurance and a medi- 
cal and hospitalization plan. The 

Executive Board has turned over the mate- 
rial now available concerning this to Mr 
Louis Polishook, Chairman of the Special 1 
Committee on Pensions, to investigate the : 
matter further, ViThen a satisfactory amount 
of information has been gathered a state- 
ment regarding this nevf organization vdll 
be sent to the membership. 

The initial general meeting of the \York- 
shop series has been held and the separate 
group meetings are now in progress. The 
allowance of time to staff members for 
attendance at the four general sessions is 
appreciated, and those unable to actively 
participate in the fJorkshop will find much 
of value in the comments of the visiting 
speakers, and the final reports to be pre- 
sented at these four general programs. 


The Bertha V. Hartzell Lecture being pre- 
sented on April 6th will be considered the 
regular professional meeting of the Asso- 
ciation and there will be no other meeting 
during the month. 

The Program Committee is planning a trip 
to the new Charles Hayden Memorial Library 
at MIT in May about vfhich notices will be 
sent later. 

If we sometimes wonder about the value 
of the Association to the individuals on 
the staff, an incident of this kind is 
heartening. One of the younger members of 
the staff (in the Sub-Professional Service) 
studying nights at Boston College In-Town, 
had the following question asked in a re- 
cent examination, "Do you find opportunity 
to practice Social Justice in your sur- 
roundings?" For her answer she chose the 
BPLPSA and her contribution to its activi- 
ties as an example. Surely this is a 
demonstration of what the Association has 
accomplished in creating concern in the 
individual for the profession and for 
democratic cooperation. 

P. A. W. 




"A Librarian's Reaffirmation of Faith" 
is the title which Ivir Ralph Munn has chosen 
for the first lectiire in the Bertha V, 
Hartzell series, on Friday evening, April 
6. It is Mr Munn's hope to demonstrate 
that despite the adverse findings of the 
Public Library Inquiry, our basic faith in 
the value of library service remains un- 

The Committee for the Bertha V. Hartzell 
Memorial is particularly pleased with this 
choice of subject, since the symposium on 
the Public Library Inquiry, held at the 
Staff Meetings during the month of Febru- 
ary, 1951, aroused considerable interest 
in this subject. We feel that this ad- 
dress will be of pronounced professional 

Geraldine T. Beck, Chairman 
Special Committee for the 
Bertha V. Hartzell Memorial. 

Editor's Note ; See back cover for further 


Boston Chapter, Special Libraries Asso- 
ciation met on Monday evening, March 5j at 
the new Charles Hayden Memorial Library, 
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 
following dinner at the Yfelker Memorial 
Building. Dr Vernon Tate, Director of Li- 
braries, extended cordial greetings to 
chapter members, and invited them to use 
the library and its facilities often. 

Mrs Elizabeth Owens, national president 
of the Special Libraries Association, was 
guest and principal speaker, bringing 
greetings from headquarters, and telling 
of her trip to the ^Test Coast chapters, 
"iriiere many good special library jobs are 
waiting to be filled". She reported that 
Special Libraries Association is in good 
financial condition, its membership is 
growing, being now over five thousand, and 
it has many projects and policies underwaj^ 
not the least of which is a proposed in- 
crease in dues. Also under consideration 
is a change in the magazine "Special Li- 
braries" to a more professional quarterly, 
supplemented by a monthly newsletter. 

Mrs Owens most surprising news, however, 
was that the Constitution and By-Laws Com- 
mittee, after extensive study, and the 
sounding out of chapter opinion (which was 
found most adverse) decided to drop all 
proposed changes in membership qualifica- 
tions and other basic reorganization, and 
to remain as now constituted* 

Mr Robert Booth, Associate Librarian of 
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, de- 
scribed the beautiful new building as a 
"library plus" with its specially designed 
functional, interchangeable and adjustable 
furniture, its "Gold-fish bowl" processing 
space, its unusual reference and charging 
areas, and its open stacks requiring a 
minimum of supervision, all aimed at port- 
ability, flexibility and informality. 

The Charles Hayden Memorial Library is 
the central unit of a branch library sys- 
tem, and houses within its new quarters 
the Humanities faculty, the Technology 
Press, the Dard Hunter Paper Museum, an 
exhibition gallery, and a student music 
lounges The library itself has special 
departments in its Scientific Aids to 
Learning Laboratory, devoted to microfilm, 
microcards and readers, its fine map room 
presented by the Boston Stein Club, and 
its English and History reference librar- 

Following the meeting, group tours of 
the building were conducted by members of 
the library staff, and other staff members 
were on duty in each section to greet 
chapter members and answer questions, 


On Tuesday, February 20, 330 children 
gathered in the Lecture Hall of the Cen- 
tral Library to celebrate Children's Day 
of Catholic Book Y/eek. The program was 
arranged by Mrs Mary Harris, Charlestovm 
Branch Library. 

The principal speaker vras Father Joseph 
Monahan, who told of some of his experi- 
ences in New Guinea and amused the chil- 
dren by talking and praying in "Pigeon 
English", as spoken by the nativeso 
Father Monahan, a well known ventriloquist, 
further entertained his audience by carry- 
ing on an aniras.ted conversation with a 
doll Tyrho talked to the children. This was 
followed by the showing of three moving 


A highlight of the occasion vras the pre- 
sentation of awards to contest winners. 
Ten boys and girls received awards for 
essays on their favorite book or book 
character, ranging from Don Fendler and 
Mr Popper's penquins to Rose Havrbhorne and 
Damien, the leper. Mss Alice Buckley, 
formerly of the Boston Public Library, coi> 
ducted the contest throughout the diocese 
and assisted in the presentation of the 

A. M. 


The newly appointed committee on CARE 
has aimed its sight on $2000 for '^1. 
With the presentation on February 23rd of 
$200 to Mr Edward Joyce, Director of the 
New England CARE office, the $l600 mark 
has been reached. The praise and sincere 
appreciation of CARE officials plus a 
realization of the Yrorthwhileness of the 
program should make us proud of our past 
and future accomplishment. 

May McDonald, Chairman 
Special Committee on CARE 


Preliminary announcement is made of an 
institute to be held June 18-22, at 
Simmons College on THE LIBRARY'S FMCTION 

The School of Library Science is present- 
ing this program for librarians in^terested 
in improving the effectiveness of the pub- 
lic library as an agency in adult educa- 
tion, with particular emphasis on its re- 
sponsibility for aiding people to think 
about and discuss problems of significance 
in today's living. The program will pro- 
vide the opportunity to learn more about 
the principles of group leadership and the 
materials and methods of group discussion. 
It will be conducted as a workshop where 
everyone will participate and where the 
specific problems discussed will be those 
which seem important to the group. An op- 
portunity will also be provided for indi- 
vidual conferences with the Institute 

The final program will be available la- 
ter, but it will deal with the follomng 

Psychology of groups 

Group discussion in the democratic 

Principles and methods of discussion; 
demonstrations of different discussion 
techniques, and the use of various 
media - books, films, etc. 
There will be two sessions each day, 
morning and afternoon. Registration will 
take place Monday morning, June 18, First 
general session, Monday afternoon at 2 
Last session, Friday morning, June 22, 

Dr E. C. Lindeman Formerly professor of 
social philosophy at the New York 
School of Social Work, and dynamic 
leader in the field of community rela- 
Mr Saul Bernstein Professor of group 
work at Boston University, School of 
Social ¥fork. 
Miss fergaret Monroe In charge of group 
discussion leadership in the New York 
Public Library, Office of Adult Serv- 

Registration fee - H^oOO 

Registration for the entire period is 
required since continuity is a basic 
factor in the success of the program. 

Dormitory fee - $20.00 

This covers room for four nights and 
all meals, 



Newbery-Caldecott Medals 

Elizabeth Yates and Katherine I/Iilhous 
were named as the recipients of the awards 
given annually by the American Library As- 
sociation for the best contributions to 
children's literature. Miss Yates re- 
ceived the 30th annual medal for her book 
Amos Fortune, Free Man and the li|.th annual 
Caldecott Medal was presented to Miss 
Milhous for The Egg Tree cited as the most 
distinguished picture for children. 

National Book Awards 
(given by New York publishers to outstand- 
ing nature writers) 

Poetry a\vard to Wallace Stevens for his 


Auroras of Autumn . 

Fiction award to William Faulkner for 
his book of Collected Stories . 

Biography award to Newton Arvin for his 

Herman Melville , 


Administration and Adult Services Group 

A symposium on "Some New Concepts for 
the Library of Today and Tomorrow" was 
presented at the morning session at the 
Copley Plaza Hotel, Boston, Thursday, Feb- 
ruary 15. Mr Milton E, Lord, Director of 
the Boston Public Library served as Chair- 
man, and five subject specialists pre- 
sented to the members of the association 
and guests an evaluation of current trends 
in Administration and Adult Services 
The Participants of this Symposium were: 
Mr Robert E. Booth, Associate Librar- 
ian of the Massachusetts Institute of 

Mr Edward J, F. Cooper, Head of the 
Art and Music Department of the 
Brookline Public Library. 
Mrs Muriel C. Javelin, Deputy Super- 
visor in Charge of Fork with Adults, 
in the Boston Public Library, 
Miss Harriet Kemp, Supervisor for the 
Western Iidassachusetts Library Federa- 

Mr Kenneth Shaffer, Director of the 
School of Library Science, Simmons 
Mr Booth presented some challenging 
ideas on the planning of new libraries for 
the future. "Libraries", he said, "should 
be planned for library work. The interior 
arrangement should be considered first, 
then the exterior. Simplicity, for eco- 
nomical administration, instead of plans 
for architectural effect, should be sought: 
We are at the beginning of a new era in 
library planning, and the future holds 
much that is surprising in the way of new 
devices. We must remember, in this new 
phase of library planning to (l) retain an 
experimental attitude (2) keep our plans 
flexible to accommodate the revolutionary 
changes which may come and (3) bear in 
mind that informality is needed. The "no 
smoking" signs and old type library furni- 
ture are out-raoded, iThilo custora-nade fur- 
niture, new color concepts and the reduc- 
tion of supervision have invaded libraries 

today. We may see more air-conditioning, 
fewer viindows, and many more mechanical 

Mr Cooper gave a very interesting and 
inspiring resume of his experiences with 
the Art Association in connection with the 
Brookline Public Library. Some time ago, 
a group of artists who use the Brookline 
Public Library, and a number of individu- 
als who have turned to creative arts, 
wished to form an Art Association in con- 
nection Tfith the Library. This was done. 
For many of these individuals who had not 
kept abreast of the developments of modern 
art, the Library supplied books, films, 
silk screening, etc. For ttiose whose ac- 
tive participation required models, model 
posing was arranged. Today the Art Asso- 
ciation boasts of one hundred and sixty 
members, of virhom sixty individuals are 
artists 9 A number of their art works have 
been exhibited from time to time at the 
Brookline Public Library, with excellent 
results. This Art Association has done 
much to stimulate artistic appreciation 
and art activity in the community. It has 
brought art close to home in the Brookline 

The subject of I bcs Javelin's talk was 
"The Never Too Late Group" of the Boston 
Public Library, one of the interesting and 
progressive programs which the BPL has 
been sponsoring since 19h9) and which has 
shown amazing growth in this short period. 
Today this group, whose youngest member is 
seventy years old, has a mailing list of 
over two hundred persons « The group meets 
every week, for discussions on the chang- 
ing conditions of the modern world, and 
problems of particular interest to mental- 
ly alert older people. Film programs, 
lectures, and panel discussions have been 
most successful and have helped greatly to 
stimulate and guide these mentally alert, 
but some times forgotten, elderly men and 
women, who like to express themselves and 
hear about other older people and their 
problems and joys. 

Mss Kemp spoke briefly concerning re- 
gional library cooperation in Western 
Jfessachusetts, explaining the origin of 
this library cooperation project which 
dates back to 19i;9o At that time, under 
the guidance of Mr Archibald IfecLeish, 
former Librarian of Congress, and aided by 
a gift of money by Jlarshall Field's grand- 
son, the project was born, A citizen's 
committee was arranged to make reports on 
whatever the smaller libraries in Western 

Massachusetts needed to improve the serv- 
ice in their respective coiranunitieso Miss 
Kemp made clear that the Yifestem Massachu- 
setts Library Federation was not a Region- 
al Library. Each library functions on its 
own and its services are supplemented by 
the Federation, as they are needed— there 
is no decentralizations Much more help 
and money is needed to meet the requests 
from all the towns. Ifeny successful proj- 
ects have been carried on with young 
people, but so far very little has been 
done ■with adults. The Federation is anx- 
iously looking forward to continued and 
increased services to these libraries in 
the smaller towns in Western Massachusetts 
and at present is making plans for a Film 
Festival for both Adults and Young People. 

Mr Shaffer spoke on; 

(l) The ne\; Certification Law in the 
state of New York, vihich raises the stand- 
ards of Library personnel. The new re- 
quirements are: (a) Four years of academ- 
ic work, (b) One year of professional 
training, (c) Three years of successful 
application, (d) Examination, in addition, 
to determine hovj- much learning the indi- 
vidual has retained. 

(II) The new activities of the Board of 
Education for Librarianship of the ALA. 
In a series of studies it has been de- 
termined that the standards for certified 
Library Schools have been substantially 
raised. The minimum requirement will be 
five years instead of fours The results 
of this will be: l) Higher cost of per- 
sonnel. 2) More than lip-service must be 
given to the problem of what is the work 
of the professional and non-professional 
library worker. 3) It will stimulate 
smaller library grouping into regional 

(Ill) Library salaries for recruits. Li- 
brary salaries are rising and will be high- 
er. Recruits will be better each year and 
the Library training will be better each 
year. The recruits of the future will 
have much higher professional qualities, 
with specialized academic qualities. 

Mr Shaffer brought his talk to a close 
with the statement that state aid will be 
needed to help all regional organizations 
which ivill need equal standards all over 
the state, for the best regional develop- 
ments • 

There vias a brief period of questioning 
betvreen mem.bers of the panel, and a few 
questions were put to the panel from the 

audience on each of the above-mentioned 
special subjects. 

Geraldine Beck 

College Group 

Three prominent college librarians. Miss 
Flora Ludington of Mt. Holyoke, Mr Keyes 
Metcalf of Harvard and Mr Willis Wright of 
Vfilliams, engaged in a panel discussion of 
The Future of the College Library in a 

Period of National Stringency. Because 

there is little likelihood that any library- 
would consider new building plans in the 
immediate future, stress was laid on the 
need for careful scrutiny of the college 
library book stock. Cooperation among 
neighboring colleges in making their re- 
sources available has already resulted in 
making room for more essential materials. 
Smaller registration of students will un- 
doubtedly affect the college library bud- 
get. One of the speakers advanced the 
thought that this might make the librarian 
effect economies that shoiild have been 
made under any circumstances. Approval of 
the simplification of descriptive catalog- 
ing was expressed with the hope that the 
Library of Congress would assign even few- 
er subject headings. Pertinent economies 
accomplished at Williams and Mt. Holyoke 
interested the members and induced the 
panel members to enlarge on such themes as 
weeding, out-of-print books, and coopera- 
tive plans in maintaining one file of lit- 
tle used periodicals. 

Edward X. Casey 

Sectional Meeting of 
Institutional Librarians 

"Modern Aspects of Therapy" 

Therapy has two major divisions, occupa- 
tional and physical. To help institution- 
al librarians in the task of bringing 
their book collections up-to-date, the 
speakers: Miss Margaret Blodgett, Head 
Occupational Therapist at the United States 
Marine Hospital in Brighton and Dr J. L. 
Rudd, Chief of Physical Medicine and Re- 
habilitation Service at the United States 


Veterans Hospital in West Roxbury, each 
reported on the latest methods and materi- 
als being used in his division of therapy. 
According to l^liss Blodgett, occupational 
therapists are now asked to take a very 
full, five year course which includes ac- 
tual ward and operating room training de- 
signed to give practical meaning to study 
of anatomy, psychology, physiology and 
other sciences. Another major advance in 
this field is a shift from the "woolly dog 
and potholder" emphasis to more practical 
craft media 8 Except for bed patients who, 
of course, need minor craft work, the em.- 
phasis in Jliss Blodgett 's workshop is now 
upon the new ;x>wer machinery for woodwork, Stan dards for Go o d Rea d ing, G ood Wr iting, 
the printing presses, and the sports equip-and C orA Lis i.e ninf : for C hildren was the 

ment vihich have recently been installed. 

Because the most serious problem facing 
most of the patients is economic support, 
Miss Blodgett is training herself and her 
staff to think in terms of the future Jobs 
these men vri.ll hold, as in most cases, 
these men return immediate3.y to their 
ships upon discharge from the seamen's 
hospital. Miss Blodgett initiated a work 
survey aboard the ships, in the course of 
which she v;as amazed to discover the im- 
mense amount of strength required by such 
activities as climbing rope ladders, se- 
curing boats, splicing ropes, and firing 
torpedoes. Realizing from her observa- 
tions that the exercises prescribed by the 
old-type therapy were too mild to serve 
the needs of her men, Miss Blodgett intro- 

or naturology« 

As an interesting finale of the session, 
Dr Rudd illustrated and explained, by 
means of lantern slides, much of the equip- 
ment - including infra-red and ultra-violet 
lamps, baking machines, whirlpool and con- 
trast baths - being used by physio-thera- 

Gertrude Wade 

Round Table of Children's Librarians 

subject of the panel dis'jussion at tne 
meeting of the Round Table of Child^-'en^s 
Librarians presided over by Miss Paalxne 
Winnick, Children's Librarian,, C.;djaan 
Squa:-e Branch Libraiy, as moderator. 

liacs 5-'y lvia K^. BiJ i-ack of Plays, Inco, pre- 
sented her views on writing and editing 
plays for childreno She stressed the need 
for m^.intaining high standards in view of 
the stiff coiTipetition from radio and tele- 
vision* Plays, in her opinion, sometimes 
have an advantage over ocher types of lit- 
erature becauae of the dialogue _, and from 
experience she has discovered that non- 
readex"s can sometimes by persuaced to read 
plays if they have action, and suspense. 

Mis? Frances C , D.irlinR of the Bay Colony 
Booksnop talked abV^at tha qualities in 

duced rope ladders, fifty and hundred poiini children's books which rai;ke them delight- 
weights, thick ropes, and fishing nets in-ifulo Speaking of the wozk of famous illus- 

to her therapy room. As she says, "A 
man's occupation is more important than 
his injury." As a result of this treat- 
ment about 7S% of her patients are able to 
take up their former occupations again. 
Turning to physio-therapy or physical 
medicine, Dr J. L. Rudd attempted to de- 
fine the scope and limitations of his 
field. Until recently, as he pointed out, 
physical medicine has been regarded by the 
medical profession as something akin to 
quackery; but, today, thanks to the ef- 
forts of the Polio Foundation and other 
organizations, the American Medical Asso- 
ciation recognizes it as the science con- 
cerned with the prevention, diagnosis and 
cure of muscle and other deformities by 
the use of heat, hydrotherapy^ electricity, 
and massage. Contrary to a still current 
belief the term physical medicine is not 
synonymous with osteopathy, chiropracty. 

trators, she pointed out chat a knowledge 
of their vrork is an aid in appraising the 
work of later illustrators. In a bookshop 
one considers a new title with the follow- 
ing questions in mind: ''Does it duplicate 
an old title? Tifho is the publisher? Does 
the book appear to have been instigated?" 
Referring to the consideration of "series" 
books. Miss Darling said "yes", when each 
can stand on its own merits. a 

Miss Eli?."ib eth l i Gord on, Deputy Super- 
visor in Charge of Work with Children, 
Boston Public Library, described the method 
of selecting books for the Boston Public 
Library system* She told of the careful 
evaluation of each book chosen by the Book 
Review Committee, saying that some books 
are read by tvro, three or even four re- 
viexvers so ■ohat a consensus of opinion may 
be obtained: Miss Gordon stressed the fact 
that by giving children the best books we 


help to develop high standards in their 
own choices. All books selected must be 
wholesome, and well written and the char- 
acters must have strength and vigor. The 
children's book collection is selected 
with a view to helping boys and girls to 
grow up to be purposeful adults and good 

Mr Gene King , Program Director, Radio 
Station ITOOP, referred to radio as a high- 
ly competitive medium, and emphasized the 
fact that radio strives for clean enter- 
tainment for children. In captui'ing a 
child's interest it is important to pro- 
vide programs with a hero with v;hom the 
child can associate himself. He said that 
radio is more concerned with having the 
child rather than the parent, like the 
program, adding that programs which have 
parental approval do not always appeal to 
the child. One type of program that is 
nationwide and very successful is done 
with records of cowboy, train and musical 
stories. Mentioning SUPERIIAN Mr King 
challenged his audience to listen in to 
this program and find out what SUPERMAN is 
trying to do. 

Miss Mar.jorie Medary , author of several 
books for young people, remarked that per- 
haps no two T/riters would have the same 
set of standards and that the best she has 
seen in print are in Ifebel Robinson's book 
"Writing for young people". According to 
Miss Medary, some people have a mistaken 
idea that less knov;ledge is needed to 
write for children, but that unless an 
author can look to the child's future, he 
is not ready to write for children. She 
regards as fundamental the quality of 
sincerity and observed that children are 
quicker than adults at detecting sham, 

Mrs Jean Poindexter Colby , Children's 
Editor, Houghton Mifflin Company talked of 
the special features she considers neces- 
sary in a manuscript being selected for 
publication. A book must be worthwhile, 
but it must also be enjoyable. Not only 
should it be convincing, - it must also be 
well vnritten and punctuated. It should 
have lasting value and should, of course, 
have an appeal for children. Bocks which 
she publishes are reviewed by several 
children, including her own. Their opin- 
ion, hoY^ever, is not always acceptedo Re- 
jected for publication are those which are 
d\ill, those "written doT/n" and the type 
which may have good pictures but is lack- 
ing in a good story, 

Mary Doyle 

Business Meeting 

President Louise B. Day opened the Busi- 
ness Meeting by calling for the Secretary's 
Report » This was followed by reports from 
the Treasurer, and the Chairman of the 
Nominating Committee. The slate of offi- 
cers for 195I-I952 was read as follows: 

Vice President (President Elect) - Philip 
J. McNiff , Lament Library, Harvard 

Treasurer - Lucille TiTickersham, City Li- 
brary Association, SpirLngfield 

Secretary - Elizabeth Johnson, Public Li- 
brary, Lynn 

Archivist - Galen W. Hill, Thomas Crane 
Public Library, Quincy 

Mr Hiller C. Wellman was elected unani- 
mously to a life membership in the Asso- 

It was voted unanimously to accept the 
recommendation of the Planning Committee 
to send the name of Mrs George R. Wallace 
of Fitchburg as a candidate for the annual 
Trustee citation. 

The President reported that as a result 
of a meeting of the firm of Griffenhagen 
and Associates with a committee from the 
Executive Board of MIA, - The Massachusetts 
Board of Public Libraries and the Massachur- 
setts Board of Free Public Library Com- 
missioners, this firm had agreed to use ■ 
the facilities offered by these organiza- T 
tions in making future surveys which con- 
cerned the classifying of library services. 

The Executive Board has also asked the 
ALA and the Association of Library Schools 
for their cooperation in setting up li- 
brary standards. Statements concerning 
standards will be sent to any Massachusetts 
libraries on request to the ilLA. 

Miss Virginia Haviland invited members 
to participate in a series of workshop 
programs sponsored by the BPLPSA to be 
held at the Library during Tiarch and April. 
Members were also invited to attend the 
Bertha V. Hartzell Memorial Lecture, . 
another activity of the BPLPSA, on April 
6 in the Boston Public Library Lecture 
Hall, Wc P^lph lifunn to be the guest 

Mr Kenneth Shaffer read a message from 
Miss Sigrid Edge concerning a ivorkshop to 
be held at Simmons College, June 18-22, 
1951. Fee $15.00. Subject and more in- 
formation to come later. 

The BPLPSA 's Care Scrapbook containing 
all the letters, pictures, etc. received 
from recipients of "Care" packages sent by 
the Association was placed on exhibition 


for the day. 

The President closed the meeting with a 
request that as many members as possible 
attend the IviLA luncheons. The Association 
has to guarantee so many luncheons in or- 
der to have the use of the hotel's several 
meeting rooms » 

Grace Loughlin 

Round Table of Librarians for 
Young Adults 

In discussing the purpose of a young 
adults department in the library. Miss 
Siri Andrews, Young People's Librarian, 
Concord, New Hampshire, stressed the im- 
portance of keeping in mind that it is a 
transition department and all its services 
should be keyed to preparing youth for 
adult reading as soon as possible. A sep- 
arate department for young adults actually 
belongs to the adult department and is an 
extension of it, rather than an extension 
of the children's department. Young adults 
should have free access to light reading 
that adults enjoy, and should learn to 
select for themselves. As they learn how 
to discriminate largely by trial and er- 
ror — they should not be restricted to 
books for children simply because they 
have not yet reached the age of l6. 

In its organization, the department may 
include Grades 7 to 10 (because some 11th 
grades and most of the 12th graders will 
use the adult department exclusively) ; or 
senior high school to age 20. The person 
organizing the department should plan, of 
course, in terms of the community served. 

The arrangement of the collection should 
be flexible. Miss Andreivs believes that 
subject arrangement, not rigid, tradition- 
al library arrangement, is preferable in 
tenns of possible use. In her own library 
she has two sections in the young adults 
department, adult books and children's 
books. In addition, there are separate 
special collections on designated shelves 
so that such simple requests as: "Got a 
horse story?" can be quickly and easily 
answered by the young people themselves. 
If popular types of books are shelved to- 
gether, children know where to find them 
easily, and the librarian is free to an- 
swer more complicated requests. 

Instruction in the use of the library is 

all important. Though it is introduced in 
the children's department, a more inten- 
sive approach is covered by the young 
adults department. In her library. Miss 
Andrews invites 7th graders to come to the 
library h times during the Fall for in- 
struction. Young people should be intro- 
duced to a wide variety of reading and 
provision should be made for browsing. 
Reading lists are important and should be 
compiled for youth in accordance with their 
interests. Miss Andrews finds that her 
subject file of fiction is of particular 
value . 

One special project tried in Mss 
Andrews's library has proven to be of great 
value: After talking groups of 7th 
graders, she asked them to indicate: (a) 
the name of a particularly good book read 
recentlyj (b) the author and title of a 
book Tinted but not found in the libraryj 
(c) a subject on virhich no material could be 
fo\ind in the library. The information was 
useful not only in book selection but in 
guidance of individuals and groups, and in 
compiling lists, 

Reading Clubs are important if their 
purpose is real to the members. In reor- 
ganizing the reading club in her library, 
Mss Andrews set in motion a Youth Library 
Advisory Committee, in vihich junior high 
and high school youngsters, meeting every 
other vreek, read and evaluate, nev/ly pub- 
lished books, and books from the adult col- 
lection, in terms of the possibility of 
adding these to the collection in the 
Young Adults Department, 

Miss Andrews questions the over-all good 
of radio programs to persons other than 
those actually participating in the pro- 
gram. Is there s\ifficient wide-spread 
Interest in books, stimulation to read a 
wider variety of books, etc, to offset the 
difficulties of broadcasting a program? 

She urged that persons who work with 
youth should add to their list of reading 
"musts" the book entitled "AN AMPLE FIELD" 
by Munson (ALA 1950). It concerns book 
selection for youth, deals mainly with 
books in the adult field and is written 
from the author's own experience. Con- 
cerning book selection. Miss Andrews 
brought up the subject of the librarian's 
dilemma when such books as Felsen's HOT 
ROD and Pease's DARK ADVENTURE are pub- 
lished, are in great demand but are of 
questionable moral value. Miss Andrews 
does not feel it is vase to stock the 


shelves with books shoTiing crime and the 
underworld or problems of married life for 
youth even though such books point out a 
solution on the last two pages o Librar- 
ians should set their oim standards and 
inform authors and publishers of the needs 
of yoTmg people, 

Bette Freer 

General Session 

Mr Erwin D. Canham, Editor, Christian 
Science Monitor , was the guest speaker at 
the afternoon sessioru His subject was 
These great times^ He drew attention to 
the fact that we are now "privileged to 
live in one of the crises of history," 
Great "moments of decision" are here and 
we are being called upon "to create a sit- 
uation of strength by building a spiritual 
background" for peace* We in the Western 
World have a brief "margin of time" for 
three reasons only (l) Stalin and the 
Russians have a great respect for indus- 
trial potential - and the Pfestern World, 
especially America, has that potential, 
(2) The Russians need a greater stock pile 
of atomic weapons before they can risk an 
atomic war. (3) They are doing too well 
without war as the satelite nations carry 
forward the banner of Communism, "iir 
Canham analyzed the nature of the crisis 
as nothing new but simply a modem version 
of the age-old conflict between the con- 
cepts of the importance of man and the 
importance of the state. In the last 
analysis this conflict resolves itself in- 
to one within the individual and his place 
in modern society. He cited the fact that 
the democratic world had two great sources 
of power (a) fundamental povrer - the power 
of free men in a free society (b) deriva- 
tive power - the physical striking power 
of the atom bomb, Ilr Canham reminded his 
listeners that democracy, not Communism, 
is the revolutionary process. Communism 
under which men are bound physically and 
spiritually is not a new concept. It is 
as old as time. Democracy under which in- 
dividual man is free, physically and spir- 
itually, is the new idea. We in the de- 
mocracies are carrying the torch for free- 
dom and we must carry it high and virith 
confidence. In his final remarks Mr 
Canham outlined a platform of constructive 

action which must be followed on two lev- 
els, the moral and the physical, if we are 
to accept the challenge presented to us by 
the age in which we live, (l) We can a- 
waken to the fact that the democratic sys- 
tem is the revolutionary process and we 
can "throiv off the blanket of confusion" 
with which the Soviet has tried to smother 
us and outline for ourselves a positive, 
constructive program of action-, (2) We and 
western Europe must recapture our joint 
morale. (3) We must be prepared to fight, 
and thus minimize the possibilities of war 
by our awareness of its probability* (U) 
We must realize the true significance of 
our freedom, and reestablish the values of 
free government and thus "weld together 
the forces of freedomf." This positive pro- 
gram must be carried out by a threefold 
process (1) avrakening (2) communication 
(3) implementation. Thus vre may be able to 
"turn today's darkness into tomorrow's 

Edna Peck 





In reporting the report of the Member- 
ship Dues and Perquisites Committee as 
made at the ALA Mid-winter Meeting, an er- 
ror is to be found in the statement of 
proposed increase in dues, A correct and 
detailed statement is to be found in the 
ALA Bulletin , December 19^0 p, U?2-5U in 
an article entitled Report of the Commit- 
tee on Membership Dues and Perquisites, 

Elizabeth Wright 



One of the interesting aspects of the re- 
cent .'iii^OOjOOO gift to the Library, from the 
estate of the late Mrs Hetty Sylvia Green 
Wilks, was that it came as a complete sur- 
prise to the Director and Trustees of the 
Library, The fund, which is unrestricted, 
is the sixth largest single bequest re- 
ceived by the Library Since its incorpora- 
tion in 1878 « Mrs Wilks, who was the last 


direct descendant of Hetty Green, left the 
fund in memory of Dr Samuel A. Green, (a 
cousin by marriage to Hetty Green) who was 
himself a benefactor of the Library. A 
brilliant physician who had inherited a 
substantial fortune, he preferred to live 
simply with the poor of the South End 
among whom he practiced. Dr Green con- 
tinued to live there after he became mayor 
of Boston in 1882. TiTien friends protested 
at his style of living at that time he re- 
marked that he lived as he pleased, and he 
liked the poor for their simplicity and 
sincerity. From I868-I878 he viras a trus- 
tee of the Boston Public Library, and when 
Justin Finsor resigned as Librarian, Dr 
Green became Acting Librarian until a suc- 
cessor was named. Deeply interested in 
history, he v/as an active member of the 
Massachusetts Historical Society. One of 
his particular hobbies was his collection 
of Benjamin Franklin material virhich he be- 
queathed to the Library at his death, to- 
gether with a fund to increase it. 



The recent bequest to the Library of 
),000 in honor of Dr Samuel A. Green 
recalls his generous gift made in I88O. 
His own collection of 135 volumes and 8? 
portraits became the nucleus around which 
the present Franklin Collection, numbering 
nearly one thousand volumes, has grown. 
Using a trust fund established by Dr Green 
in 1878 for the purchase of books on Amer- 
ican history, the Library has added many 
notable items. Later additions by trans- 
fer and gift have increased the reference 
and bibliographical value of the collec- 

There are about fifty different editions 
of Franklin's works, partial or complete j 
sixty editions of his autobiography, one 
hundred and thirty books printed by him, 
nine autograph letters, eighty-seven por- 
traits, and a large amount of material re- 
lating to him. Some of the outstanding 
items are his pamphlets on electricity, 
the Plain Truth in which he attempted to 
incite his fellow-citizens to civil de- 
fense against an attack by the French, his 
New invented Pennsylvanian fire-places , 
his Proposals relating to the education of 
youth in Pensilvania , Poor Richard's 
Almanac (1737-1766). A Pocket Almanac 

1(1751-1769)5 Advice to a young tradesman , 
and his General Magar.ine , I7UI. 

Among the books printed by Franklin in 
the collection are the Vorspiel der Neuen- 
Welt, 1732 i A rticles of agreement made and 
concluded betweenr , cjferyland,, o .--and Peun- 


^ 1733 J Bechteln'S Kurzer C ate- 

chismus7 17U2; four works by Zinsendorf, 

printed in 17li2, the finely printed 
Cicero's Cato Mk.jorj an Indian treaty j 
sermons by George Tilhitefield; and the 
Pennsylvania Gazette j One volume of par- 
ticular interest is Evans's Geographical, 
Historical, Political , Philosophical and 

Mechanical essays printed in 175?a It 
contains an important map of the middle 
British colonies and formerly belonged to 
Thomas Jeffersone 

There are three books from Franklin's 
library in the collection* One of them is 
his ovvn collection of pamphlets relating 
to electricity, including a presentation 
copy from William Stukeley. Another vol- 
ume is a presentation copy of Crevecoeur's 
Lettres d'un Culti v ateur Americain , 1787 • 
The third is a copy of the History of the 
British Dominions in North America , 1763 5 marginal notes in red ink, possibly 
made by Franklin himself 9 

Not all of the Library" s Franklin materi- 
al is in the Franklin Collectionc In the 
Treasure Room are two oil portraits of 
Benjamin Franklin, one by Duplessis and 
the other supposedly by Greuze, A recent 
accession to the Benton Collection is a 
copy of Franklin*s version of the Book of 
C ommon Prayer , printed while he was in 
England*, This is an extremely rare book 
which reveals Franklin's religious belief 
through its differences from the estab- 
lished Book, 

The circulating collections of the Li- 
brary are also large and important. To- 
gether with the Franklin Collection in the 
Rare Book Department they offer an unusual 
opportunity to study a man who influenced 
opinion in the early days of the United 

H, S. 



To initiate the current Boston Public 
Library Professional Staff Association 
Workshop, which will extend from Ilarch 1 

to May 2$, a general meeting for workshop j 
groups, and other professional library 
workers, was held in the Lecture Hall on 
Thursday morning, March 1. At this meet- 
ing, the President of the Association, 
Miss Pauline VJalker, stated the general 
purpose of the workshop. Miss Falker then 
introduced lir Lord who paid high tribute 
to the outstanding achievements of the 
Professional Staff Association during re- 
cent years. Before introducing the speak- 
er of the morning, Miss Evelyn Levy, Co- 
ordinator of the TiTorkshop, outlined the 
over-all plan of the workshop. The re- 
mainder of the meeting was devoted to a 
provocative lecture by Mr Saul B. Pern- 
stein, Professor of Group Work at the 
Boston University School of Social Tfork, 
on the topic: "Creative Approaches to 
Group Discussion: the Values, Purposes 
and Techniques of the Workshop," 

All too often, as Mr Bernstein pointed 
out, group leaders in planning meetings 
think that important ideas can be presented 
only - or most easily - through the medium 
of a speaker. Although a lecture can 
possess the advantages of clarity, well- 
ordered thinking and logical presentation, 
many people, on the other hand, fail to 
understand lecture material thoroughly or 
soon forget facts mentioned only briefly. 
A pre-lecture talk with the speaker, in 
which group leaders explain what is ex- 
pected of him or a post-lecture question 
period carefully guided by the speaker may 
help to give added significance to any 
lecture o Hovrever Mr Bernstein suggests 
more utilization of informal discussion 
and/or workshops for group work. 

As Mr Bernstein defined it, a workshop 
is an informal discussion group with the 
solution of problems common to all as a 
definite goal. Group members should reach 
som.e integration of ideas, and each indi- 
vidual should leave the workshop with a 
sense of personal achievement either in 
the vray of broader thinking or in concrete 
materials for future use. 

In planning a workshop the first thought 
should be, "VJhat kind of a group are we 
dealing with?" Mr Bernstein cautioned 
against mixing together people on differ- 
ent levels of education or experience. If 
different races or religions are repre- 
sented, disparity of cultural or economic 
attainments should not be added as a 
source of conflicts. Mature, stable peo- 
ple should be present to draw attention- 
demanders back to the point under discus- 

A workshop leader or chairman should 
have all needed equipment and a plan for 
stimulating group action ready in advance, ' 
To "break the ice", cordial greetings or a 
few jokes are standard devices <, Circular 
seating is an effective arrangement. m 

Every member of a workshop should share x 
the leader's responsibility for keeping 
discussions moving along vital 3.ineso 
Gradually the shy individual can be drawn 
into the work, while the aggressor may be 
persuaded to channel his energies into 
giving formal reports on important topics. 
Above all, conclusions should be summar- 
ized when they are once reachedo 

lie Bernstein mentioned several possible 
aids to discussion including films, pam- 
phlets, recordings, and the group observer: 
one individual who sits apart from the ^^ 
group and at stated intervals criticizes 
the discussion itself as such. To most of 
the socio-drama: informal dramatization 
of some problem was a new device for en- 
couraging discussion. Working with Mr 
Bernstein several staff members put on a 
socio-drama evaluating personnel rating 
sheets, as an illustration of this tech- 
nique. Participating were: Mrs Geraldine 
Beck, Mrs Margaret Butler, Miss Martha 
Engler, Mrs Helen Hirson, Mr Eamon McDon- 
ough, I^ Louis Polishook, and Miss Sona 

Summarizing, Mr Bernstein listed several 
standards for evaluating a workshop. 

Is Discussions should be clear and 

meaningful, leading to some conclu- 
sion = 

2, Ideas discussed must be important to 
all and useful in their applications. 

3, A sense of fellowship should be de- 
veloped through full participation 
by alio 

h» Facts should be used fully and in- 
terpreted Tri-selyo 

Thanks to Mr Bernstein's intelligent and 
humorous presentation of this practical 
material, workshop members left the gener- 
al meeting ivith many new and valuable 
ideas for group work* 

The second general meeting of the work- 
shop Yri.ll be held on Friday, March 30. 
Mildred G. Dovmes, Co-Director of Cambrid^ 
Remedial Education Services, and Instructor 
in Reading Skills and Study Techniques, 
Garland School and HT., will speak on 
The Mature and Causes of Reading Problems , 

Margaret Wade 



American Library Association. Committee 
on Post-war Planning. 

The public library plans for the teen 


Chicago, 19li8. Z718.5«A6 
Bascom, Elva L. 

Book selection. 

Chicago, American Library Association^ 

1930. Z689.B28 
Berelson, Bernard 

The library's public | a report of the 

Public Library Inquiry, 

New York, Columbia University Press, 

19U9. Z731»BU 19U9 
Boyd, Anne M. 

United States government publications. 

Sources of information for libraries. 

Nevir York, H. W. Wilson Company, 19Ul» 

Chicago. University. Graduate library 
school. Library Institute. 

Youth, communication and libraries. 

Chicago, American Library Association, 

I9I49. Z7l8oloC$ 
Columbia University. School of Library 

Syllabus for the study of reading inter- 
ests and habits of adults. 

New York, School of Library Service , 

Columbia University, 19li7. ZIOO3.C765 
Drury, Francis K. ?f. 

Book selection. 

Chicago, American Library Association, 

1930. Z689.D79 
Graham, Bessie 

Bookman's manual; a guide to literature. 

Ne\if York, R. R. Bowker Company, 19li8. 

Z1035.G73 19U8 
Hackett, Francis 

On judging books in general and particu- 

New York, The John Day Company, 19l;7. 

Haines, Helen E. 

Living with books. 

Nevj- York, Columbia University Press, 

1950. ZIOO3.HI5 1950 
McCamy, James L. 

Government publications for the citizen; 

a report of the Public Library Inquiry. 

New York, Columbia University Press, 

19li9. Z1223.Z7ffi 

Merritt, LeRoy 

The United States government as publish- 

Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 

19U3. Z1223.Z7M35 
Power, Effie L, 

Work with children in public libraries. 

Chicago, American Library Association, 

19U3. Z718.1.P9 
Savage, Ernest A. 

A librarian looks at readers. 

London, Library Association, 19U7« 

Schutt, Warren E. 

Reading for self-education. 

New York, Harper & Brothers Publishers, 

19U6. PN83.SII 
We Hard, James Ho 

Book selection© 

London, Grafton & Company, 1937o 

TiTilson, Louis Ro , edc 

The practice of book selection^ 

Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 

19U0. Z689.C5 

This is the third of a series of lists 
of books of subject interest compiled by 
Mrs Elizabeth Wright* 



The April issue of The Boston Public 
Library Quarterly contains the second and 
concluding portion of Pay, Pension and 
Power, by Sidney Kaplan, a moving recital 
of THe struggle for an "honorable and just 
recompense" by the Massachusetts officers 
of the Revolution. Those were not happy 
days for the embryonic Republic, plagued 
as it was by rumors of an officers' strike, 
a "crisis" that forced General Washington 
to cancel a proposed holiday at Mount 
Vernon, the murmuring of citizens at the 
"greatness of their taxes." Yet it was a 
fortunate nation in one respect. It had 
the benefit of ViTashington • s guidance and 
his "adroit handling" of its affairs. 

Of similar historical interest are the 
marginal notes made by John Adams in his 
books that now comprise the Adams Library, 
one of our special collections, xvhich the 
Editor of the Boston Public Library Quart- 
erly describes in an article. M ore Books 
from the Adams Library o It refers to the 
copious and enlightening comments made by 


John Adams in his orm handwriting in the 
pages of his books, a practice v;hich, 
though frovmed upon generally by public 
libraries, has, in the case of the dis- 
tinguished original ovmer, greatly en- 
hanced the value and interest of the Adams 
Collection. Always terse and to the point, 
the running commentary of such expressions 
as "God forbid," "utterly unpracticable," 
"This is a very dangerous truth," gives a 
lively turn to the contents of many of the 
solid volumes in the collection which 
bears witness to the literary taste of an 
eighteenth-century American statesman. 

No less American, but of another day, 
are the reactions of Henry James to the 
city of Rome which he knew as a young man 
of twenty-six, and which are described by 
Edward Stone in his article, H enry J ames 
and P.ome» The enchantment of the Italian 
capital, a sensation of mingled pleasure 
and pain for the young American, he was 
never to outgrow. It has formed the theme 
of his story, The Last o f the Valeri it. 

T>iG recent gift^ of Mr Albert H, Wiggin 
to r:e added to the collection of prints 
±r. :he Library, a set of the etchings, 
dra;Yings and lithographs of the artist, 
Childe Hassam, is the subject of a bio- 
graphical appraisal by Arthur W. Heintzel- 
man, Keeper of Prints, He describes the 
career of the Dorchester-born, Boston-bred 
artist of New England ancestry, whose 
place in the field of art was already es- 
tablished before he turned to the medium 
of etching, and tells how his work as a 
painter, his handling of color and light, 
have contributed to his skill with the 
steel point, A number of the recordings 
of historic landmarks of New England and 
New York are mentioned by name, work which 
has placed their creator among the fore- 
most of nineteenth-century American 

The Book of Kells is with us once again, 
this time in a colorful reproduction by 
Urs Graf-Verlag in Berne, Switzerland* In 
Motes on Rare Books and ?jianuscripts Ellen 
M. Oldham gives a detailed description of 
the first tvro volumes of this recently- 
acquired facsimile which is now in the 
Rare Book Department, 

C. Ho 

Editor's Note; A reminder that the Quart- 

erly is available to staff members at the 
reduced rate of !^1»25 per year. 



These committees supplement the list 
which appeared in the February issue of 
'^^^ Q^^g stion t'lark , 

Geraidine T. Beck, "Chairman, Connolly 
Branch Library 
Anne Coleman, East Boston Branch Library 
Elinor E. Day, West End Branch Library 
Charles Jo Gillis, Cataloging and Classi- 
fication for Home Reading and Community 

Bei'uha S, Keswick, Branch Issue Depart- 

Evelyn Levy, Jeffries Point Branch Library 
Dorothy P» Shaw, Periodical and Newspaper 

Aaron A. Scnrr, Chairm.'ri, Business Office 
Rita M, Doherty; Book Stack Service 
Charles Jr. Gillis, Cataloging and Classi- 
fication for Home Reading and Community 

Barbara Gilson, History Department 
Joseph A. Lynch, Book Preparation Depart- 



llJhether it was due to the bon voyage 
\Tishes extended to me through the February 
issue of the The Question ifark , no one will 
ever know, but it v.'as a wonderful voyage. 

First of all, the ship was shining v/hite, 
looking like the tropics even as we cut 
through the ice in Ne^v York harbor. The 
public rooms were beautifully decorated 
and air-conditioned. Despite the name 
"Italia" I was amazed to find myself on an 
Italian ship. The whole staff and crew 
were Italian, friendly, gay, and utterly 
charming. From the moment they found I 
could speak Italian and had studied in 
Perugia, I vras greeted everywhere I went, 
and there was the wide-eyed Italian nurse. 
Tea, who embraced me when we made the 
happy discovery that vre had attended the 
same school in Belgium. As always, con- 
genial fellow-passengers were found and 
friendships made. Docking at St. Thomas 
we found the town fairly attractive, but 
the countryside was delightful. There are 
fertile farms and pastures all over the 
hills, and the views from the high places 


of mountains descending into the brilliant 
sea with white vraves outlining sandy 
shores are breathtaking. The new modern- 
istic, de-luxe hotel with its outdoor 
swimming pool overlooking the harbor is 
all that the advertisements claira<, 

Our sole disappointment was at Venezuela 
where the vrorst storm in thirty years 
washed out the road to Caracas, flooded 
the streets of the port of La Guaira, took 
the lives of nine people, — and as a 
minor consequence, prevented the passen- 
gers of the "Italia" and the "DeGrasse" 
from exploring a bit of South America. 

Ciaraqao is unbelievably picturesque with 
its yellow, pink, blue, and green tropical 
buildings done in Dutch style. Most of 
the people are black or are blends of Ne- 
gro, Spanish, and other races or national- 
ities, but when we sat doiini for morning 
coffee vre did see blond, blue-eyed Dutch- 
men apparently from nearby offices wearing 
\Thite shirts and shorts. The shopping is 
a tremendous temptation - French perfume, 
English and Danish china, Georg Jensen 
silver, antique Dutch silver miniatures, watches, and diamonds, all at a 
fantastic saving because Curasao is a 
nearly free port. 

The Havana harbor viith its lovely arcaded 
buildings lining the I.lalecon Drive • has a 
beauty that never fades. The homes and 
apartment houses on the way out to the 
Vedado are modern and most attractive in 
white or pastels vidth tropical foliage 
creating a striking contrast. Even the 
office of a Cuban sugar planter friend on 
a cool inside court vfith palms and shut- 
ters had its quiet charm. 

And always there v/as our world of the 
ship with its STdmrning on deck in the sun- 
light and dancing on deck later under 
moonlight skies, and the late evening buf- 
fets after the dancing or entertainment. 

Iferjorie G. Bouquet 




A dinner party vras held for Miss Mary R, 
Roberts at the home of ?/Irs John Llarcoux 
Saturday night February 3, 19^1 on the 
occasion of her transfer from the Bookmo- 
bile to Washington Village Branch Library. 

Miss Roberts vras presented v/ith a Parker 

pen and a delightf\il evening was enjoyed 
by all. 

Cataloging and Classification Department j 
Division of Reference and Research Services 

Mr Lloyd Griffin, who is now Reference 
Librarian at the Peabody Institute in 
Baltimore, joins Mr Roger Bristol, an 
alumnus of our department. 

Elsa Shore had gay tales to tell of her 
recent trip to Virginia Beach. En route 
she spent time in historic Vlilliamsburg, 

Open Shelf 

Moving day for the Open Shelf Department 
seems less remote since "ground has bean 
broken" in the present quarters prepara- 
tory to installing a central r».tum desk 
at which all books returned to iihe Central 
Library virill be ac'-apted. A chate has al- 
ready been installed vihich will connect 
with a conveyor belt, which v/ill in turn 
carry the books to a sorting table in the 
basement virhere they will be sorted and 
distributed to the proper departments. 

Records, Files, Statistics 


All those interested individ.'.als Y>rho 
were holding their breaoh on tlio morning 
of March 9j avra.iting the decision of ohe 
local draft board, may relax. By consent 
of the U. S, Army, the most popular Red 
Sox rooter that ever graced the smoking 
room, Donald L, Nevmian, by name, will be 
on hand to deliver the baseball scores 
vri-th the daily mail for a few mere seasons. 
The Army has done its part to make Donald 
happy, will the Red Sox? 

Youn g People 's 

On February 20th, during School Vacation 
Week, I&ss Becker, Children's Librarian, 
Connolly Branch Library^ brought thirty 
children in to see the Central Library, 
They received a bird's-eye view of the 
treasures in the library and the beauty of 
the building. They seemed especially in- 
terested in the diorama of ALICE IN WONDER- 
Library has recently purchased. The story 
tellers were on hand to entertain them, 


Mrs Cronan telling them a part of Elizabeth: 
Coatsworth's new book, THE FIRST ADVENTURE 
which was on exhibition in the display- 
case. Because Miss Becker has been doing 
puppetry with these girls and boys it 
seemed very appropriate that Mr Cronan 
should tell the Punch and Judy part of 
Rachel Field's LITTLE DOG TOBY. 

People travel long distances to see our 
library but there are many growing up in 
Boston who have never been inside the 
building. How pleasant and rewarding it 
would be if more groups from branch li- 
braries could make similar trips. 

A woman librarian, just returned from 
abroad having vrorked in the League of 
Nations Library in Geneva and also in 
France, expressed her pleasure to us at 
being back in the U. S. A, She said she 
had asked at the Information Desk how 
much the pamphlets and lists distributed 
there cost. Vi/hen informed that they vrere 
all free, she said, "Now I know I am back 
home , " 



Mrs Alice ( Galvin has been 
granted maternity leave of absence for six 

The week of the February school vacation 
was a very busy and active one for the 
Reading Clubs at Connolly. On Tuesday, 
February 20, 30 members of the Betweeners 
Club visited Central Library, viewed the 
"Alice in Wonderland" exhibit, enjoyed a 
special story hour by Mr and I.!rs Cronan. 
The Keen Teens were invited to visit the 
North End Branch Library on Wednesday, 
February 21, They toured the district to 
see the historic sites, the Old North 
Church and Paul Revere 's home; were enter- 
tained by a puppet show given by the North 
End Puppet Club. Before leaving the North 
End the group sampled some of the Italian 
delicacies, especially spumoni and gelati. 
To climax this week of social activities 
twenty-four of the Keen Teens enjoyed a 
performance of the Ice Follies on Saturdaj^ 
February 23. 

East Boston 

For the sixth consecutive year, the East 
Boston Branch Library vras host to th§ com- 
munity at an Open House on Monday, March $, 
On the same evening, in the adult room of 
the library, the second exhibit of East 
Boston artists opened for a month. Eight- 
een artists have thirty-five works of art 
on display in a variety of media such as 
iTatercolors, oils, pastels, lithographs, 
and sculpture in vrood, bronze and terra 
cotta. The exhibit is a distinguished and 
talented show representative of the dis- 

The program of dancing and vocal and 
instrumental music by thirteen East Boston- 
ians rras typical of other local art. The 
President of the Friends of the East 
Boston Branch Library, Mr Albert '''^est, 
presented a V-M phonograph vdth a three 
speed record changer to the library. He 
gave a warm tribute to the community and 
complimented it on its interest in the li- 
brary so concretely expressed. More than 
tvro hundred guests enjoyed the punch and 
homemade cookies served in the children's 
room at the close of the program. Open 
House, once again, showed the splendid co- 
operation and friendship which exists be- 
tween the library and its public. 

Jamaica Plain 

Jamaica Plain Branch Library is holding 
a pre-school story hour at ten o'clock on 
the 2nd and Uth Fridays of the month, 


The Mattapan Branch Library is inaugu- 
rating a series of programs to be called 
"Film Forum for Teen-Agers", the first of 
which vdll take place on Thursday, March 
22, at 7:00 p.m. The films to be shown 
FAMILYo A panel discussion comprised of 
four students from the Solomon Lewenberg 
Junior High School will follow the film 
program. The participating students are 
"Chuck" Shuman, who will discuss "Family 
and Friendly Courtesy", Sidney Davis, 
whose topic will be "Staying Out Late", 
H^Tna Edesess, who will speak on "Personal 
Appearance", and Helen Steinberg, who will 
state her views on "Boys". Following the 
panel discussion there Tri.ll be ample op- 
portunity for the audience to ask questions 
of the panel members and general discus- 
sion will be invited. Mrs Gertrude Bergen, 
Second Assistant, will introduce the speak- 
ers and act as moderator. The public has 


been cordially invited to attend, and from 
the spirited enthusiasm with which the 
young people have prepared their talks it 
is expected that the program will be very 


In addition to t^e regular Saturday 
morning story-hour for sghool children, 
the I'lattapan Branch Library is now pre- 
senting a story-hour for pre-school chil- 
dren on Wednesday mornings at 10:30, The 
stories for the youngsters are told by 
Miss Patience-Anne C, Williams, Assistant 
in the Children's Room* 


The Young r.eaders C^ub of Neponset Branch 
Library entertained the "young fry" as 
guests at their February meeting # Games 
and refreshments wex'e enjoyed and each 
youngster received a favor in the form of 
a George Washington hat filled ivith candy. 
As the children vrere leaving they asked 
"when may we coipe again?" 

North End 

This month the North End Children's Room, 
with its bright and gay decorations, has 
caught all the excitement and glamour of a 
fair or carnival. The whole room is an 
invitation to "Come, come, come, to the 
fair and see the treasures displayed 
there". There are balloons on the ceiling 
(real ones, too!)j Bambino, the clown, and 
his companion, the seal, grace the v;rall in 
the easy book comerj candy-striped paper 
lines the shelves 5 and book jackets and 
books are displayed everyi'irhere . 

In keeping viith the decorations around 
the room, little booklists in the shape of 
wigwams, treasure chests, baseballs, cir- 
cus tents, and rocket ships, and bookmarks 
heralding spring vrere given to the chil- 
dren. The schools received attractive 
invitations, decorated gaily mounted 
book jackets. 

Twelve classes from neighboring schools 
responded to our invitation and visited 
the library during the last tvro weeks. 
The children enjoyed the book talks, vrfiich 
highlighted the new books. One class re- 
sponded enthusiastically to the telling of 
"Ebeneezer-never-could-sneezer, " The 
services offered by the branch libraries 
and the Central library and the use of the 
card catalog vrere introduced to the 

children through talks and games. Our 
visitors also had an opportimity to bro\Tse 
among the shelves© 

Individual children have responded to 
the festive atmosphere of the library, too, 
and have commented, "How prettyi" or "IWhat 
is the library celebrating?" 

Mss Dorothy Becker, Children's Librarian, 
and the Teen-age Reading Club from Connolly 
Branch Library were our guests during the 
school vacation. Before coming to the Li- 
brary they visited the Paul Revere House 
and the Old North Church with the North 
End Teen-age Reading Club. Later they en- 
joyed a puppet shoviT, Jack and the Beanstalk^ 
and were served punch and cookies o 

South Boston 

Miss Msirilyn Quinn,, part-time assistant, 
won third prize in an essay contest at the 
Archbishop Gushing Central High on the 
theme "What benefits vrould the United 
States derive from our recognition of 
Franco Spain," She is also one of five 
young girls viho are going to sing Irish 
Bongs in costume at our next film program, 
to be held at the Branch on Ivlarch 15, 195l« 

West End 

Ivirs Flora Roussos, probationary assist- 
ant, sang the Shubert Iidass in G-!iajor at 
Symphony Hall on March 3 and i; as a member 
of the Arthur Fiedler chorus with Itr 
Charles Tiunch conducting the Boston Sym- 
phony Orchestra. 

In connection with the 1950 Newbery and 
Caldecott awards for distinguished chil- 
dren's books, the children at the branch 
had a wonderful time making their own 
choices in advance of the announcements. 
Althougjh their votes did not coincide T/ith 
those of the official committee, a good 
cross-section of children's likes and dis- 
likes was shovm. Incidentally, the win- 
ners, according to VJest End voters, were 
"!lt7stery at Boulder Point", "Emily of Deep 
Valley", and Arthur Rackham's "Fairy Book" 
(a reprint). 

It is interesting to note that with al- 
most prophetic ar.'areness, the Vfest End 
Branch Librarj' chose Amos Fortune by 
Elizabeth Yates, recently avfarded the 

- 20- 

Newbery Ifedal, as the subject of an exhibit 
during Brotherhood and Negro History Weeks, 
and this display of original illustrations 
from the book will continue to be showi at 
the Branch Library for the next few weeks o 


Arnold, Elliott 

Walk the Devil. > 

New York, Knopf, 1950 ; ■ 
Payne, Pierre S. R. ; , 

The Young emperor. ■.■■ 

New York, Macmillan, 1950 


Chicago. University . Graduate Library 
School .' Library Conference , 

A forum on the Public Library Inquiry. 

New York, Columbia University Press, 

1950. - 

Kerr, Chester 

A report on American university presses. 

Washington, Association of American 

University Presses, 19U9? 
Payne, Pierre S, R, 

lilao Tge-tung5 ruler of Red China. 

New York, Schuman, 1950 
Rich, Louise 

% neck of the woods, 

Philadelphia, Lippincott, 1950 
Smith, Harry A. 

People named Smith. 

Garden City, N. Y., Doubleday, 1950 



Any contribution to the Soap Box must be 
accompanied by the full name of the Asso- 
ciation member submitting it, together 
with the name of 'the Branch Libraiy, De- 
partment, or Office in which he or she is 
employed. The name is Tfithheld from pub- 
lication, or a pen name used, if the con- 
tributor so requests,: Anonymous contribu- 
tions are not given consideration. The 
author of the a:r:ticle is known only to the 
contributor and "to the Editor-in-Chief, 
The contents of articles appearing in the 
Soap Box are personal opinions expressed 

by individual Association members and 
their appearance does not necessarily in- 
dicate that the Publications Commttee and 
the Association are in agreement with the 
views expressed,;. __^______________ 

Apropos questionnaires asking for in- 
formation of a personal nature, wouldn't 
it be better policy to have them returned 
in a sealed envelope? I fail to see the 
necessity of a department chief viewing re- 
plies which have nothing to do vath de- 
partment business,* 

«Tis a little thing 
To give a cup of water; yet its draught 
Of cool refreshment,, drain 'd by ,■ 

feverish lips. 
May give a thrill of pleasure to the 

More exquisite than when nectarian juice 
Renews the life of joy in hapniest hours, 

Thos. Noon Talfourd 
With the warm weather approaching, would 
it not be possible to have a drinking 
fountain installed on the second floor for 
public use? It seems unfair to send the 
public downstairs. A suggested location 
is opposite the post card counter vfhere 
piping connections could be kept to a 

A hearty vrell-done to the Fjdiibits Office 
for creating a most eye-appealing, and in- 
terest-absorbing exhibit on Audubon, ;May 
vre look fonrifard to more of the same? , 

Two ladies were lunching in a neighboring 
restaurant. Looking across at the Library 
one remarked to the othei „ "That is a fine 
building, but what are all those names ■ . 
chiselled on it?" "Oh"^ exclaimed her. 
friend, "those are the n^mes of all the 
people who died vvaiting for their books". 

■ Paging I'liss Peck: YiJhat does PS 3$ n^^n 
on the menu board ih the'Concession? , -. 


A word of thanks to Mrs Wollent, our 
"hospital" for her kindness to all of 
those vrho have been her patients during 
the recent epidemic of colds and flu. 

T. J. M. 



Announcement has been made of the en- 
gagement of Mildred E. Francis, Business 
Office, to Paul E. Conlon, of Roxbury. 
A fall wedding is planned. 

The Staff in Print 

Good fellowship night « Fanny Goldstein, 
Wilson Bulletin , March, 1951. p. 5^0 

Six an d twenty artists . Dorothy F. Nourse, 
Vi'. iJ.son Bulletin , March, 19^1. p. 537 

Out of the Mouths of Babes 

Overheard on the Bookmobile : 

Registration Clerk ; "So, you live on 
La Grange Street, is that in West 

Second Grade Mss : "NO I I live in 

imi mm for book purchasing department 

Bids were opened on Tuesday, March 13, 
for the installation of a nevi floor above 
the Branch Issue Department, thereby pro- 
viding space to house the Book Purchasing 
Department „ 


The following list, which has just been 
received, was prepared by a committee of 
the Division of Public Libraries of the 
ALA, and represents titles submitted by 
libraries throughout the country, Selec- 
'tion is limited to books published in the 
United States during 19^0 considered to be 
genuinely meritorious in terms of literary 
excellence, factual correctness, sincerity 
and honesty of presentation, and in pro- 
moting enlightened citizenship and enrich- 
ing personal life, 

Appleton, Le Roy H. 

Indian Art of the Americas 
Bainton, Roland H, 

Here I Stand 
Barzun, Jacques M. 

Berlioz and the Romantic Century 
Bo swell, James 

London Journal 
Bowen, Catherine D, 

John Adams and the American Revolution 
Brinton, Clarence C, 

Ideas and Men 
Christensen, Erwin 0. 

Index of American Design 
Churchill, Winston S. 

Grand Alliance 

Hinge of Fate 
Chute, Marchette G, 

Shakespeare of London 
Coit, Margaret L. 

John C. Calhoun 
Coramager, Henry S, 

American Mind 
Douglas, William 0, 

Of Men and Mountains 
Durant, William J. 

Age of Faith 
Faullaier, Vifilliam 

Collected Stories 
Fischer, Louis 

Life of Mahatma Gandhi 
Fry, Christopher 

Lady's Not for Burning 
Gebler, Ernest 

Plymouth Adventure 
Goodspeed, Edgar J. 

Life of Jesus 
Hart, James D, 

Popular Book 
Hersey, John R. 

The Wall 
Heyerdahl, Thor 



Highet, Gilbert 

Art of Teaching 
Jefferson, Thomas 

Johnson, Gerald Vf. 

Incredible Tale 
Kelly, Amy R. 

Eleanor of Aquitaine 
Lewis, Lloyd 

Captain Sam Grant 
McGune, George M. 

Korea Today 
Menaboni, Athos and Sara 

Menaboni's Birds 
Mllikan, Robert A, 

Nevins, Allan 

Emergence of Lincoln 
Payne, Robert 

Mao Tse-Tung 
Perkins, Max\TO].l E, 

Editor to Author 
Sandburg, Carl 

Complete Poems 
Schulberg, Budd T. 

The Disenchanted 
Seldes, Gilbert V. 

Great Audience 
Tharp, Louise H, 

Peabody Sisters of Salem 
Trilling, Lionel 

Liberal Imagination 
Van Doren, Carl C, 

Jane Me com 
Wiener, Norbert 

H\iman Use of Human Beings 


The Boston Public Library was represent- 
ed at the formal opening of the new 
Science Museum, on the Esplanade, by Mr 
Mlton E. Lord, Director, and Mr John J. 
Connolly, Assistant to the Director and 
Chief Executive Officer, 

It is interesting to note that Ames, 
Child, and Graves, consulting architects 
for the Library, are the architects for 
the Museum of Science o 


Arthur W, Heintzelman, Keeper of Prints, 
is one of the chairmen of the Organizing 
Committee for the New England Celebration 
of the 2000 Anniversary of Paris under the 
sponsorship of Mr Albert Chambon, Consul- 
General of France in New England, He has 
arranged with curators in the Boston Museum 
of Fine Arts and the Fogg Museum to show 
French Paintings and Prints from their col- 
lections during Art Week for the Celebra- 
tion (June 1-10). In addition he has 
prepared special exhibitions of prints by 
French artists represented in the Print 
Department to be shown in the Albert H. 
Wiggin Gallery from March through June, 

Muriel C. Figenbaum, First Assistant, re- 
cently spoke to the Needham Junior New 
Century Club on her experiences in Europe, 
supplemented by her kodachrome slides. 


The members of the retiring Publications 
Committee, Jiliss Mldred Adelson, Mr John 
Carroll, Itiss Eleanor DiGiannantonio, and 
Mrs Dorothy Brackett Ekstrom, gave a sur- 
prise luncheon for the former chairman of 
the Committee, Miss Sarah Usher, at the 
Town Room of the Copley Plaza Hotel, on 
Wednesday, Lkrch lU. In recognition of 
Miss Usher's able and inspiring chairman- 
ship the group presented her with a hand- 
some silver pin, 


Mss Phyllis Hoffman, Director's Office, 
79 Spring Street, Everett. 

Mr George H. Earley, Printing Department, 
109 Appleton Street, Boston 16, 





A Lilf[£iriianA neaUuimcdiGn of jcutn 









/ FRIDAY • APRIL 6, 1951 • AT S-SO R M 








Ju^JlG-4 rmien.-U iLnll be Aon^i/ed a|t(?yL the. icctu-ie 


Geraldine T. Peck, Chairman 
Anne Coleman, Secretary 
Bertha Keswick, Treasurer 

Elinor Day Dorothy Shaw 

Charles Gillis Evelyn Levy 

Kathleen M. Woodworth 

Please Post 



Published by the Boston Public Library Professional Staff Association 

Volume VI, Number !; April 19^1 

Publications Committees Geraldine M, Altman, Ruth S, Cannell, Mary F. Daly, Thomas 

J, ffenning. Beryl Y, Robinson, Martin Fo Waters, Louisa S. 
Metcalf, Chairman 

Publication date ; 
The fifteenth of each month 

Deadline for submitting m a terial ; 
The tenth of each month 


Apart from faithfully paying annual | 
dues and attending conferences the aver- i 
age ALA member has little opportunity to } I, 
participate actively in the affairs of j 
the Association. In recognition of this 
fact, and to stimulate increased partici-! 
pation during this 75th anniversary year, 
the Anniversary CoiTimittee of ALA has con-j 
ceived the happy idea of a contest, open ! 
to all present and potential members of ' 
the organization, related to the general I 
anniversary theme, a restatement of the i 
American heritage in terms of present day 
crises. In addition to the not incon- 
siderable inducement of monetary prizes I 
amounting to $1,000, made possible I 
through the generosity of Gardner Cowles, ! 
Editor of Look Magazine, is the added in-i 
centive of justifying ourselves and our j 
jobs as librarians through the simple I 
mental stock taking required to take part 
in the contest. For any librarian who { 
has knoT/im the satisfaction of finding the 1 
right book for the right borrower at the | 
right time, the topics suggested for the i 
tvro essays are provocative. If a non- j 
librarian and businessman has sufficient i 
faith in us as librarians to underwrite 
this venture, let us bo articulate and 
justify Mr. Cowle's confidence and inter- 
est in the profession by entering the con-f 
test. A glance through the files of The ' 
Question Iferk alone provides ample evi- j II, 
^.ence that the B.P.L. staff is veritably 
bristling with likely contestants, so let | 
us sharpen our vri.ts and our pencils and I 
remember the deadline for submitting | 
entries is May 31^ 195l« In an adjoining! 
column are printed the general rules of 
the contest. For further details see the i 
January 1951 issue of the A.L.A. Bulletin^ 



$1,000 in Prizes 

For the best statements in 2,000 words 
or less that illustrate the power of 
books to influence the lives of men 
and v»ro men— young and old j 

Six Prizes as follovifs ; 

$200 each for the tvro best statements 
from librarians v;ho are 1951 ALA 
members e 

.|100 each for the tvro best statements 
from librarians who are not ALA 
members now, but ai^/ho join the 
ALA when submitting their con- 
test statements. 

$100 each for the two best statements 
from non-librarian citizens who 
join the ALA when submitting 
their contest statements. 

(We're looking for frank, personal 
accounts, full of human experience. 
ITiat are the books that have most fre- 
quently vroriced magic in the lives of 
readers you have knovm? Fere they 
books of fact or fiction? Tilho vrere 
the people influenced^ Did this result 
in influence that extended to the com- 
munity? rfow do you know?) 

For the best statements in 2,000 words 
or less on the topic j Miat are th e 
problems that vforry the citizen enough 
to make him come to the library for 

TVTO Prizes as f jllov.'s ; 

$100 each for the best statements from 
librarians viho are n embers of the 
ALA or who join the ALA vdien sub- 
mitting their contest statements o 


(Here, we're seeking to know what's 
on the citizen's mind* How close 
is the librarian to the thinking 


The Quarter Century Club will hold its 
annual banquet in the Dome Room of the ' 
Hotel Lenox, Thursday evening, April 2k» 
The Trustees of the Library, the Director, 
Mr Milton E, Lord, and the Chief Executive 
Officer, llr John J, Connolly, will be the 
guests of honor « 

The officers of the Quarter Century 
Club are: Mr George W, Gallagher, presi- 
dentj Fir Patrick A, Kennedy, vice presi- 
dent; Mr Robert Fo Dixon, treasurer; and 
Miss Bessie Lt Doherty, secretarye There 
are at present 93 members of the organi- 
zation, with a total of over 3^000 years 
of service in the Library », 

The second general meeting of the Vjork- 
shop will take place on Friday morning, 
April 27, at 9:30 o'clock in the Lecture 
Hall of the Central Library building o 
Mrs Mildred V, D,' Mathews, Superintendent 
of Adult Services, New York Public Li- 
brary, will speak on A Dynamic Use of 
Book Materials in Public Libraries » 


New Staff Members 

Mss Patricia M, Auvil, Branch Issue 
Department (formerly part-time at the 
South End Branch Library) o « 

Miss Shirley B, Borden, History Depart- 

Miss Gladys L. Murphy, Connolly Branch 

Mrs Lorraine B. Patrick, East Boston 
Branch Library, 


Miss Rhoda Blacker, Uphams Comer Branch 
Library to Jeffries Point Branch Library. 

Miss Helen A. Brennan, City Point Branch 
Library to Mt Bowdoin Branch Library., 

Miss Marguerite A. Connelly, Branch 
Issue Department to the Director's Office. 

Mrs Margaret M, Donovan, Jeffries Point 
Branch Library to Orient Heights Branch 

Mrs Evelyn Green, Allston Branch Library 
to City Point Branch Library. 

Mrs Fern S. Ingersoll, Brighton Branch 
Library to Jeffries Point Branch Library. 

Mrs ^ferion F, Martin, Orient Heights 
Branch Library to Uphams Corner Branch 
Library o 

Mrs Julia L, Mller, Mt Bo\Tdoin Branch 
Library to Bookmobile, 

Miss Jfarie E, H-iir-phy, East Boston Branch 
Library to Codman Square Branch Library, 

J'larri r.f^es 

MissSstelle R. Henderson, Jeffries Point 
Branch Library, to I.Ir Harlas J-- Boydo 

Miss Joyce C, Ryiander, Office of Divi- 
sion of Reference and Research Services, to 
Ik' Harold M^ Kelley^ 

Miss Mary To Ryan, Allston Branch Library, 
to i'Jr Robert Eo Delano. 


Miss Doris M, Cornelius - Codman Square 
Branch Libraryo 

Mrs Eleanora Vo Goolkasian - Book Pur- 
chasing Departments to remain at home- 

l^ilr Robert Jt Roper - Science and Tech- 
nology Department, to accept a position 
with the Naval Research Laboratories in 


A daughter, Janet, to Mr and Ibrs Robert 
Oxley, on Ilarch llto Ifrs Oxley, the former 
Ursula Von Zarsk, is on maternity leave 
from the East Boston Branch Library. 

A daughter, Maria, to lUr and Mrs Mario 
Giella, Mrs Giella is the former Rose 
DiPasqaale of North End Branch Library. 

A daughter, Ann Patrice., to Iilr and Mrs 
Gerald Goolkasian, on March 17^ Ann Patrice 
had the distinction of being the first baby 
born in Boston on Saint Patrick's Day- 
arriving at 12:0li A, M. Ifrs Goolkasian 
was formerly a member of the Book Purchas- 
ing Department o 


I/!iss Estelle R, Henderson, Jeffries Point 
Branch Library, was married to lir Harlas J» 
Boyd of Chicago, on Easter Sunday, March 25© 
The bride wore a traditional virhite satin 


govm with yoke of illusion, embroidered 
in seed pearls and carried a prayer book j 
and orchid. A reception followed immedi— | 
ately after the ceremony. Among the i 
guests were many members of the Library I 
staff. After a vredding trip to Nev/ York, { 
Montreal and Detroit, iJr and I'bcs Boyd vdll 
live in Chicago. 


Miss l/Iary T, Ryan, Allston Branch Li- 
brary, was married on April 6 to lir Robert 
E. Delano of Dorchester in a simple after- 
noon ceremony in Saint Catherine's Church, 
Charlestov-n, The bride was attended by 
Ifrs Francis Yanovich of South Boston, the 
former Ifery L, Duran of Charlestown and 
South Boston Branch Libraries, and the 
bridegroom's brother \ms his best man. 
After a honeymoon trip through the White 
Mountains, the couple will live in Dor- 
chester, fir Delano is employed by the 
City of Boston as a Junior Building 

On Saturday, April 7, 1901 at h o»clock 
in Saint Agatha's Church, Milton, Miss 
Joyce C, Rylander, Office of the Division 
of Reference and Research Services, was 
married to Jlr Harold M, Kelley, of Miltoni 
The bride's govm was of vihite lace and 
net and hor finger-tip veil of illusion 
fell from a coronet of lilies of the 
valley* She carried an old-fashioned 
bouquet of gardenias and lilies of the 
valley. The maid of honor and three 
bridesmaids were govmed alike in orchid 
marquisette and lace go'vms vdth green 
satin sashes and matching picture hats. 
They carried old-fashioned bouquets of 
orchid sv;eet peas. After a reception at 
the South Shore Country Club in Hingham 
the couple left on a v/edding trip to 
Williamsburg, Virginia, They vail live 
on Ifyrtle Street, Boston on their return, 



lilss Emilia Lange, General Reference 
Department, v/as guest at a surprise Bon 
Voyage party given in her honor at the 
Hotel Belle vue on March 31, The party 
vras arranged by Miss Julia Ifenning and 
Mrs V/illiam Butler and many of Emilia's 

friends were present to vdsh her well when 
she sails for Europe on April 18, 

^HHKS;— !{• -iKHHt 


Illss Columba Bartalini, Branch Issue 
Department, sails from Commorovealth Pier on 
Sunday, April 22, on the M, V, Italia, She 
and her parents idll spend three months 
visiting relatives and friends in Italy, 
and hope for some sightseeing in France on 
the way home. 

Miss Emilia Lange, General Reference 
Department, sails from New York on the lie 
de France on April 18, for an eight weeks' 
tour of Europe, 


liliss Anne Brennan, Branch Issue Depart- 
ment, after a long illness, 

Iliss Beatrice II, Flanagan, School Issue 
Department, who has recovered from a frac— 
tiured shotilder. 

Miss Ellen C, Peterson, North End Branch 
Library, after a month's absence, 


Miss Taimi E, Lilja \Tho is convalescing 
at homo, 120 Park Drive, Boston iSf after 
an operation, 


Miss Enrica Epifania, Ue, S, Information 
Library, Naples, During her visit at the 
Library the week of April 9f members of 
the staff conducted Miss Epifania on a 
tour of Boston landmarks^ and took her to 
a performance of the play, Gramercy Gho st, 



As one of the students of Polly Nordell^; 
Miss Mildred R, Somes, Book Preparatiy. 
Department (and, incidentally, the artist 


who designed the cover for THE QUESTION 
M/VRK), has three vratercolors on exhibition 
in the Copley Society Gallery, 56l 
Boylston Street, from April 9-20, Those 
friends who attended the opening vrere 
delighted to discover that I'dthin the 
first hour of the exhibit, which is made 
up of over forty entries, one of liiss 
Somes ' pictures had been sold* 

For any who may wish to s top at the 
Gallery during a lunch ho-ur, the T/ater- 
colors exhibited by Miss Somes are: 
16 Still life (sold) J 28 Springj 
32 Arrangement. 

S. M. U. 

Prints by Lb? Arthur W, Heintzelman and 
Mss Muriel Figenbaum \vere included in a 
recent ejdiibition of the Boston Print- 
makers at Symphony Hall, Mr Heintzelman 
was represented by his fine etching of 
Albert Schweitzer, and Miss Figenbaum by 
a charming drypoint, "Yvonne" <, 



The March-April issue of the Horn Book 
I\5agazine contains a delightful account of 
the Welsh Eisteddfod dravm from letters by' 
Ann Griffiths, a fifteen year-old asv;ly 
elected bard who has been corresponding 
since summer with Miss A, Virginia Havi- 
land, Phillips Brooks Branch Library. 
This musical and literary festival, which 
was attended last summer by Miss Edna G. 
Peck, Miss Margaret A, Morgan, and I'liss 
Haviland, is also briefly described in 
the same issue of the Horn Book ty Miss 
Haviland as an introduction to the letters 
Further comments by Ann Griffiths in 
letters about Vfelsh people and their musi- 
cal acti-'/ities have been of. unusual inter- 
est to librarians and young people read- 
ing them. 

"AT LONG UST ..." 

You all have heard of the Book of Kells, 
And the length of time to compose it no 

one tells. 
Today there has appeared the Book of 

I\ilary Farrell's 
In honor of which let there be peans of 

praise and carols. 

We know she has raised two fine sons. 
But, in truth and fact, t'was but a lark 
Compared to the never ending revisions 
That this her latest offspring sparked. 

Now the deed is done, no looking back, 
Sharpen you knives and axes, brethern, 

and hack, (No relation to Alice) 
She shall know what it is to be bitten 
By her colleagues v>rho are naught but 

kittens . 

Watch out ALA Cataloging and Classifica- 
tion Division^ 


Editor's Note: Jfrs Farrell has just com- 

pleted the long awaited Ifenual for the 
Cataloging and Classification Department 
of the Division of Reference and Research 



Miss Eva J. Anttonen,, former Children's 
Librarian of the East Boston Branch Li- 
brary, v;as recently transferred by the 
U. S, State Department from the Biblioteca 
Benjamin Franklin in Mexico City to the 
Biblioteca Lincoln in Buenos Aires* 

Former members of the staff attending 
April 6 were ffiss M, Florence Cufflin, 
Branch Librarian, Emeritus , Miss Elizabeth 
Hodges J now Librarian at Leominster Public 
Library, Mrs Mary W, Dietrickson, Business 
Branch Librarian, Emeritus, and It Louis 
■Felix Ranlett, formerly Chief of the Book 
Selection Department and now Librarian of 
the Bangor Public Library, 

Word has been received recently of the 
death of I/Iiss Emily Frimsdorff , a member 
of the staff of the Boston Public Library 
from 189U-1925» At the time of her re- 
tirement Miss Frimsdorff was first assist- 
ant in the Ordering Department, 




At the Executive Board meeting held on 
April h} the report of the Special Commit- | 

Does the following; apply to you? 

tee on In-Service Training, of which Jtr 
Bradford Mo Hill is chairman, vras submit- 
ted to the Board, This is the report on 
the last project of this particular com- 
mittee which was the presentation of the 
Public Library Inquiry at the general 
staff meetings in February, The report 
was accepted vdthout change by the Board 
and will be read at the lilay business meet- 
ing of the Association, 

In preparing the presentation of the 
Public Library Inquiry for the general 
meetings of the staff in February, the 
Special Committee on In-Service Training 
sent a letter to I'lir 

tion was asked whether or not the Boston 
Public Library had a iTritten statement- of 
its objectives, and if not whether one 
could be submitted for purposes of compar- 
ison. In Jir Lord^s reply in which he in- 
dicated that there was no such statement 
(just as most public libraries have not 
had) he said, "It may be that before we 
get through, however, there can be brought 
into being by joint action of the members 
of the library staff a desirable and ade- 
quate statement for the future. This 
would please us very much," With this in 
view the Executive Board has been consid- 
ering ways in which the Association might 
be able to make a constructive contribu- 
tion in such an undertaking. The matter 
will be brought up for comment at the May 
business meeting. 

The new Entertainment Committee function-'- 
ed for the first time on the evening of 
April 6 when the initial BERTHA V. HARTZELH. 
MEMORIAL LECTURE was delivered by Jir Ralph 
Munn, Miss Dorothy F, Nourse and her 
Committee are to be congratulated on the 
attractive arrangements and delicious 
refreshments which were served on that 
special occasion. Once again the Associa- 
tion is grateful for having the bright and 
colorful quarters of the new Open Shelf 
Department made available for the evening 
which added distinction and interest to 
the program, 

P. A. ¥, 

ll. Are you a member of the State-Boston 
'Retirement System (5^)? 

2, Have you worked as a part-time employee 
or as a temporary'' or probationary employee? 

3, Was this service pi^ior to 19U6? 
h. Are you interested in procuring credit 
for this service toward retirement bene- 

If your answers are "yes" to the above 

questions, you should do the following: 

1, Request from the Personnel Office a 
record of such employment and of the 

Lord in v;hich the qucs-j-salaries received by you. 

2. Send this record to the State-Boston 
Retirement Board, Room 65, City Hall, 
Boston 8, with a request that you be given 
credit for this service. The State-Boston 
Retirement Board will notify you v/hether 
or not they will allow you to do this and 
what the cost of buying back your service 
will be. 

You should give this your immediate atten- 
tion as all of the many details must be 
accomplished and pajTnent made prior to 
January 1, 1952, (This date applies to 
those members of the staff who joined the 
State-Boston Retirement System on January 
1, 19U7, For all others the date vrould 
be 5 years after the date of joining the 
State-Boston Retirement System.) 

Pensions Committee 
Louis Polishook, Chairman 
Elizabeth G. Barry 
Albert L, Carpenter 
Catherine M. HacDonald 



M. L, A, Annual Meeting, May 17-16, 1951 

Hotel Sheraton, Springfield 

Save the date si 


For the first time librarians from sur- 
rounding tovms, cities, and colleges 
joined the Boston Public' Library staff, on 
Friday evening, April 6, 1951, in a pre- 
view of the NeviT Open Shelf Department 
quarters, not yet completed for public use. 
The occasion v;as the first Bertha V, Hart- 
zell Memorial Lecture, held in honor of 
the former Supervisor of Training in the 
Boston Public Library, 

Mrs Geraldine T, Beck, Chairman of the 
Committee for the Bertha V. Hartzell Memo- 
rial, a special committee of the Boston 
Public Library Professional Staff Asso- 

elation, presided and welcomed the guests, 
explaining to them the background and pur- 
pose of the lectureship. Mrs Beck intro- 
duced Miss Pauline A, IValker, Branch Li- 
brarian, V^est Roxbury Branch Library, who, 
as one of Mrs Hartzell's pupils, paid trib-j 
ute to Mrs Hartzell in recalling the high | 
ideals of librarianship and the fine stand4 
ards of scholarship maintained by her diuv | 
ing her years as Supervisor of Training© | 

Mrs Beck then presented the guest ] 
speaker of the evening, Mr Ralph Munn, j 
Director, Carnegie Library, Pittsburg. Mr | 
Munn's subject, A Librarian's Reaffirma- I 
tion of Faith , was rooted in the recent { 
Leigh's summary of the findings of that j 
inquiry* Mr Munn reminded his audience 
that as librarians they probably knevr, sub^ 
consciously if not consciously, all the I 
fact that Dr Leigh and his board has "dis— ; 
covered" in their study. The real stimu- ', 
lation and challenge came to librarians , 
when they actually saw the findings in j 
print. Ihis gave impetus to an objective ; 
scrutiny of librarianship heretofore un- t 
known, Mr Munn reminded his listeners j 
that librarianship is now "up against" its I 
greatest testing time. Librarians, he re-; 
marked, are like the wagon-makers of a f ew | 
decades ago. I'^hen the automobile arrived | 
to stay, the wagon-maker had only tvro | 
choices, to change his equipment and tech— j 
nique or to go out of business. Librar— I 
ians of today, face to face with movies, j 
radio, and television, must either face th^ 
threat of these media of entertainment and | 
formulate a nevir policy of procedure or 
cease to serve the public adequately. Li- 
braries are not prepared to compete with i 
these nationally publicized entertainments jj 
so there is in reality only one course lefij. 
and that is to competing in the en- j 
tertainment world and turn the library's ! 
facilities to the informational and educa- i 
tional fields. To do this successfully, j 
however, one major handicap must be re- 
moved. Circulation must cease to be the 
yardstick of library service, A new means 
of measuring the library's service to the 
community must be found, and that without 
delay if the library is to find its proper 
place in a world of fluctuating ideals© 

Mr Munn paid high tribute to children's 
librarians and the fine service they have 
rendered to the profession as a whole. His 
suggestion that children's librarians 
should be given equal status with librar- 
ians working vdth adults, and that they 

should be given charge of library units first assistants designated to carry 
on the adult work, v;as received iirith mixed 
feelings , 

In the course of his remarks, Mr Munn 
recalled the fine groundwork laid by li- 
brarians such as Mrs Hartzell, whose un- 
swerving loyalty to the profession vrill 
long serve as a stimulus and a challenge 
to those who remember her, and others like 
her in the profession, v/ho gave their all 
wf.thou'l" ttcugh-t of decreased work weeks, 
and increised pay checks. 

In closing his remarks, Mr Munn drew 
attention to the fact that the library 
inquiry while disturbing in certain as- 
pects, offered to the profession a great 
challenge and helped to point the v/ay to 
unlimited fields of new endeavor, 

Follovdng llbc Munn's address, the guests 
were served refreshments prepared by Miss 
Dorothy F, Nourse, Chairman of the Enter- 
tainment Committee, and her efficient 
committee members o During this social 
hour the guests also had an opportunity 
to inspect the entire quarters of the nevt 
Open Shelf Department, 

Guests of honor v;ere the Director of 
the Library, Mr Milton E» Lord, J5r Francis 
B, Masterson, Trustees of the Library^ 
and t/[rs Masterson, and Mr and Mrs Karl 
Hartzell of Fayville, Long Island, New 

Edna G. Peck 



Some folks believe our work is dry as dust, 
T/iTith pity not far distant from contempt 
Imagining we do because we must 
These boring tasks from whcih they are 

We count the leaves and copy title-pages^ 
Minutely crossing t"S and dotting i-s, 
And hunt for dates in dust-heaps of the 

But - so they thinki - what in the volvime 


Concerns not us who cleave unto the letter* 
Good folks, you err: ours is the thrill 

of chasing 
Elusive thought as we set out to fetter 
Dynamic spirit in a patterned tracing* 

Some day, you'll see, a little card will 

The path to what you most desire to know* 



The second General Meeting of the Yfork-i 
shop was held in the Lectiire Hall of the 
Library on Friday morning, Jferch 30. The 
chairman for the meeting was Miss Edna G, 
Peck, Chief of Book Selection for the Di- 
vision of Home Reading and Community serv- 
iced. The program was in tvro parts, the 
first hour yras devoted to preliminary re- 
ports from the six Workshop Groups, and 
the second hour to a talk by Mrs Mildred 
G. Dovmes, Co-Director of Cambridge Reme- 
dial Education Services, and Instructor 
in Reading Skills and Study Techniques, 
Garland School and Massachusetts Institute 
of Technology, on The Nature and Causes of| 
Reading Problems , j 

With the Workshop entering its second I 
month, it was most interesting and excit- ! 
ing to listen to the accomplishments and | 
plans of .the various groups. Although j 
none had met more than three times and i 
some only tivice, it was apparent from the | 
reports that a clear pattern- of goals and 
aims had been formulated by all the groups 
after preliminary surveys of the problems 
in their fie]ds. The reports reflected I 
the individual ways in which the groups j 
had approached their fields, and the brief; 
glimpses of the work already done, as well 
as the plans for bibliographies, lists, I 
and recommendations which they offered ' 
could not help but increase the anticipa- 1 
tion with vAiich all the members of the | 
workshop are ai/vaiting the last general 
meeting in May when the final reports will' 
be presented, 'Each report was limited to i 
five to ten minutes and vras presented ty 
the following members of the groups: Miss 
Ollie Partridge of the Open Shelf Room 
who is chairman of one group vrorking on 
Staff Knowledge and Evaluation of Books 
for Use vrith the Public j Ttr Paul Moynihan 
of General Reference who is chairman of a 
second group vrorking' in the same subject 
area J Mrs Ifeiry Obear, of the Uphams Comer| 
Branch v.'ho is Chairman of the group work- i 

ing on the Development of Book Lists and 
Their Usej MissDuilia Capobianco of the ! 
East Boston Branch vrho is the recorder I 
of the group on Book Talks for Children ' 
and/or Adults j Mrs Veronica Lehano of the 
Memorial Branch, who is recorder of the 
group on Revievang and Selection of Books 
for Young People; and Miss Lorraine Tolman 
of the Boston University School of Educa- 
tion Library who is a member of the group 
on the Evaluation of the Use of Pamphlet 
Material and Periodical Literature, Miss 

Evelyn Levy, Coordinator of the Workshop, 
introduced this part of the program. 

The interest which all librarians have 
In the problems of reading and readability 
made the second part of the program a most 
engrossing hour. It began with a six min- 
ute reading test in viiich everyone parti- 
cipated so that the air v;as electric vath 
the concentration of about 100 librarians 
being "readers v:ith motivation," Mrs 
Downes then, in a most informatl manner 
and ^.■ith the aid of Miss Peck as her copy- 
ist at the blackboard, demonstrated the 
various kinds of reading disabilities, 
their causes, their visible signs, and 
some of the methods used in working toward 
their solutions From her vast fund of 
knowledge and experience, Mrs Dovmes talked 
about concrete examples of these disabil- 
ities as manifested by both adults and 
children. Most of the individuals of which 
she spoke were extreme cases of reading 
disabilities and personal maladjustments 
such as librarians are not likely to en- 
counter, but the insights she gave us into 
the field were exciting and provocative to 
further thought© At the end of her talk 
there v;as a brief question period during 
which she gave a "rapid reading quickie 
guide" T:hich aroused a great deal' of in- 
terest but v/hich may play havoc with Miss 
Peck^s and Miss Gordon's book reviewers « 

Evelyn Levy 


The folloiiing students from the School 
of Library Science, Simmons College, were 
assigned to departments of the Division of 
Reference and Research Services for their 
practice vrork during the period from 
April 2-13: 

Robert S, Calese, General Reference 

Richard Harrington, General Reference 

Arthur Eo Pethybridge, Cataloging and 
Classification Department, aud General 
^^sference Department, 

Mary E, Walsh, General Reference Depart- 
ment and Cataloging and Classification 

Irving H, Wiseman, Kirstein Business 
Branch and Cataloging and Classification 



dashed about madly snapping color shots of 

the most famous landmarks - luckily - there 

hasn't been such a good opportunity since. 

On Friday evening, February 23, 19^1, i They all came out vrell except the slides 

members of the Boston Public Library Pro- 
fessional Staff Association and their 
friends had the unusual privilege of hear- 
ing Archibald MacLeish, Boylston Professor 
of Rhetoric and Oratory at Harvard Uni- 
versity, read and discuss poetry in the 
beautiful nev/ Open Shelf Department of the 
Central Library b 

J.1r jIacLeish, a former Librarian of Con- 
gress, prefaced his talk by reminding his 
audience of the unique position of the li-» 
brarian - working with books, in trtiich 
medium he sees the only vestige of real 
freedom of expression surviving in the 
United States, and v/arned his listeners 
against letting their v/ork degenerate into 
monotony or be bogged dovm by detail. 

ing also that of Ivor Armstrong Richards, 
and reading from Arthur Waley's transla- 
tions of Chinese poetry to illustrate his 
theory. He further demonstrated his be- 
lief that poetry can express emotion more 
perfectly than any other medium by reading 
from his ovm earlier and later poems, in- 
terpreting various references - e. g., to 
his life in Paris from 1920-30, when Joyce 
and Hemingvjay were among his close 
friends; to the death of his brother, an 
aviator in World War I; and to his years 

of the transept Rose vandov/s of Notre Dame, 
in \fh±ch the colors are faded - too much 
sun, apparently, ,.. I'm crazy about the 
beautiful stained glass in the Gothic 
churches. The effect when the sunlight 
streams in jevrelled patterns through the 
gloom of the shadov/y nave is breathtaking. 
Last week I visited Ste. Chapelle, con- 
structed by S, Louis in the 13th century. 
It is a Gothic chapel ivhose sides from 
head height clear up to the very high 
arched vaults are of magnificent stained 
glass. The four v/alls are completely glass, 
though the engineering skill required for 
such a feat makes this seem unbelievable. 
Why this chapel isn't considered the first 
sight of Paris, I don't knovf - you really 

Coming to the central theme of the evening. cannot imagine how beautiful it is. During 
he defined his conception of poetry, quot-j-Holy VJeek I visited a niimber of churches - 

St, Germain de Pres, St, Severin, St. 
Eustache, St. Etienne du Mont, for there 
are many excellent concerts of 
century music given at this time. The 
Tenebrae service Good Friday at Notre Dame 
was very interesting but the chanting in- 
ferior to what I expected from a church 
relatively close to the Abbey of Solesmes . 
The Italians seem to handle Gregorian chant 
TMch better. There are a number of good 
concerts on the radio - right now I'm lis- 

tening to a performance of Bach's IfagnifJU * 
in Washington vdth the Library of Congressjcat by the Chorale of the University of 
and later as Assistant Secretary of State. | Paris, Last evening vre heard a performance 

A tape recording of this talk was made 
for the Boston Public Library Professional 

of the Passion sections of the B minor Tfess 
from St, Thomas Church, Leipzig - I'm sur- 
Staff Association by rx N, B. Tulin, of theprised the Russians allovred the performance^ 
Nation Sound Corporation, and vxas present- The American Episcopal Cathedral is not a 
ed to the Association by i'lr Tulln on Mon- bad modern Gothic, though rather too flan>- 
day, March 19, 1951 in the Staff Library, [boyant* A disturbing note is the notice 

G. S, H, posted on every pew to watch purses, etc, 
carefully. Apparently the wealthy commu- 
nicants are fair game for impoverished 
Frenchmen, The American Protestant Church 
is simple - we went to Easter service there 
though I vras rather sad to forego hearing 
-larcel' Dupre play at St, Sulpice, 



The metro, bus, taxi, gas, electricity 
and railroad strike here has complicated 
life not a little, but at least we can 
still get food trucked in* Such partial 

general strikes are not uncommon in France „thc scene of some study, though betvreen no 

I've been vralking around Paris v/ith one 

eye on the guidebook for some vreeks now 

and feel as though I vrere V.* Nagel himselfito refresh myself in the gardens of the 

The 6th of Tlarch the sun shone brightly 
early in the afternoon, so Larry and I 

Well, I've not by a long shot spent all 
my time in churches, as the above might 
imply. The Bibliotheque Nationale has been 

light or ventilation, I alvfays acquire vdth- 
in a short time a fearful headache and have 

Palais Royal or the Tuileries, Gradually 
the leaves are appearing but the much 

vaunted flovrers have yet to show any signs, 
My concierge has been telling me ho\r mag- 
nificent they are] Oh^ what a time I have 
iTith her - I can understand Southern, Al- 
sacian, and Normandy French accents, but 
our concierge speaks a Breton dialect of 
which you can catch only the barest out- I 
line of the viords. ••• 
put in a flutter by our arrival, because 
viTG always want to fon/ard strange heavy 


FIRST AID in need of First Aid 

The FIRST AID class is itself in need of 
First Aid; It needs more members 1 

The American Red Cross is furnishing an 
The post office is j instructor in First Aid two nights a week, 
Mondays and Wednesdays, beginning April 9« 
Instead of the 2^ persons it was hoped 
letters to Lavn-ence's father inl.Iajorca or would attend, there were only 12 enrolled 

Rome - this Involves great consultations 
on procedure and depending on the clerk 
of the mcict-nt forwarding the same letter 
may cost nothing, 1$ francs, 31 francs, or 
k^ francs. Same trouble in sending U, S, 
mail - if it is over S grams, we have the 
greatest difficulty in convincing the 
clerks we want to pay for par avion - more 
than once the clerks have simply crossed 
off par avion and have looked at us with 
consternation at the idea of paying IS 
extra francs for the air mail. But then 
the average French worker only gets 17,000 
francs a month, or about ;'^i;8 a month and 
although rents are low for those holding 
leases, other prices are as high as in the 
U, S., clothing even more - you can see 
why the worker is living in very hard cir- 
cumstances here, and vrhy every American is 
a millionaire. The French Line's porters 
will gouge like nothing seen elsevfhere, A 
very customary "gyp" in France is to add 
up the bill vrrong, and add on the percent- 
age charge of the incorrect larger amounto 
V/hen you point out the error, they fix the 
bill total but the service charge remains 
the higher amount - so the tip is actually 
IS or 20 per cent rather than 10 or 12 per 
cent, ,,, Tomorrow we are driving dovm to 
Chartres another Fulbright couple, 
and perhaps vj-ill see some of the chateaux 
of the Loire on our way back, •o,0h vrell, 

the first night. If there are others Miho 
can join the class on Monday, April l6, 
they vrould be most welcome in the Temporary 
Conference Room at 7 Psnic The charge is 
90^ — 70^ for books and 20^ for bandages. 

Volunteers Needed 

In accordance vdth a request from the 
Director of Civil Defense for the City of 
Boston to the effect that librarians and 
Cjther key personnel of the City of Boston 
* encourage citizens in their neighborhoods 
to volunteer their services in the Civil 
Defense Division of their respective local- 
ities, the Library hag undertaken to make 
available enrollment cards a Each branch 
library has been given a supply for dis- 
tribution, and in the Central Library cards 
may be obtained at the Information Desko 
Volunteers are needed as Air Raid Wardens, 
Auxiliary Firemen, Auxiliary Police, First 
Aiders, Fire Guards, Canteen Workers, All 
the individual who wishes to enroll has to 
do is fill in the card and drop it into 
the nearest mail box, 


The Civil Defense Manual for use of the 
Library staff has been in preparation dur- 
it's a lot of fun, and" I'm enjoying it allying these past few weeks and it is expect- 

despite some minor inconveniences. 

Please say hello to everyone for me,,, 
I'll be glad to hear all the B.P.L. nevra, 
Lois (Shoemaker Markus) 

Editor's Note ; Mrs Markus is a former 
member of the History Department who re- 
signed in October 19^0 to be married. Her 
husband is studying under a Fulbright 

ed that ivithin the next fortnight it vdll 
be ready for distribution throughout the 
Library system. The Manual will set forth 
vihat individuals should do in case of air 
raid disasters and also gives specific in- 
structions for v/ardens, first aid units, 
fire squads, etc, 


Blood donors are urgently needed by the 
American Red Cross, To date donors from 
the BoP.L, have been disappointingly fevia 
Possibly this has been due to the vravc of 

sickness during the -winter months^ If so,, 
it is hoped now that more members of the j 
staff will be able to contribute. Remera- ; 
ber the Library time is 2:30 pemo on Fri~ j 
days at Red Cross Headquarters, 3lU Dart- 
mouth Street. 


Tn April l6, at 12:30 pom,, on WNAC-TV, 
Bill Hahn vri.ll intervie\7 I.Iiss Ruth 63 
Cannell, Assistant to the Chief Librarian, 
Division of Home Reading and Community 
Services, regarding the Civil Defense 
activities of the B.P.L. Special stress 
will bo given to the exhibition which is 
now in progress in the Central Library, 


liany of us have seen the remarkable 
ha2 been doing in newspaper color repro- 
du'.lion, and have wondered how such color 
wa.5 possible on nevrsprint and how it could 
be pi'jduced at the speed necessary for a 
daily nevirspaper# Those who attended the 
March twenty-sixth mooting of the Boston 
Ch^.px,er of the Special Libraries Asso- 
ciation which vras held in the Christian 
Science Publishing House, were given an 
insight into these production problems by I 
Mr Herbert Stanger of their staff, after | 
a very pleasant welcome from Mr John H, j 
Hoagland, Manager of the Christian Scienca 
Publishing Society<, 

For those who 7;ere not familiar with 1 
neY;spaper processes Mr Stanger explained 
the primary procedures and techjiiques be- | 
foi'e going into the problems of color, lb 
regard to color two surprising facts were 
brought out, one that the Monitor had 
tried color in advertising some years ago 
and found that its readers were not ready 
for it, secondly; the middle west and the 
west are far ahead of the east in the use 
of color in newspapers^ and in most cities 
there all nevrspapers carry color adver— 

color techniques^ spot color and process 
color; Spot color is the simple use of 
one or possibly more flat colo:-s, not 
sutmrinposed, and used to accent an r.llus- 
tra-cicn. Process color is the use of 
s3"'-oral colors one printed on another — 
in other vrords the production of an illus- 

tration such as v;e are accustomed to see- 
ing in the glossy pages of a magazine which 
has been printed some time before we ac- 
tually hold it in our hands. Several 
stumbling blocks have been overcome during 
the years of research on the part of the 
staff of the Monitor* One of the first 
post-war presses is now in use in their 
printing establishment, a finer screen is 
used for the making of color cuts, and a 
finer quality of newsprint is used v/hen 
color is to he printed. Because of the 
speed needed in a daily nevirspaper there is 
no opportunity for color inks to dry in be- 
tvreen colors, and special fast drying inks 
and dryers must be used to overcome this. 
Colors must not be blurred, the re,-,ister 
must be perfect and there must be no color 
coming off on the opposite page. Pages 
that were used as covers for the Monitor's 
magazine section could be printed in ad--' 
-vance more slov;ly, but pages intersperocd 
■with news and editorials cannot be doi.e in 
this way. 

first paper on the east coast that h^.-- re- 
ally conquered the problems of color prin-b— 
ing in a daily newspaper, using it in ad- 
vertising and in illustrations for its asm 
news and editorials j 

Before and after the meeting Miss I3Lanche 
Davenport, Librarian of the CHRISTIAN oC'"- 
EWCE MONITOR^ explained' the maporium w;iich 
■v/as open for inspectionr and her staff 
ansvrared questions and conducted visitors 
through the Librarys 

I.furiel Figenba-um 



Godden, Jon 
The peacock,, 
Nevj- York, Rinehart, 


Paiil, Louis 

A hu-sband for mama, 

NeviT York_-, Cro-wn Publishers, 1950 

Van Doren, Mark 
Short stories c 
New York, Abelard Press, 1950 

Non -Ficti on 

Asqui-bh, Lady Cyn':hia M;> Eo 
Haply I mriy remjmbero 
London, J> Barrie, 19^0 

Bowcn, Elizabeth 

CollGCtod impressions. 
New York, Knopf, 1950 

Brinton, Clarence C, 

Ideas and men: the story of Western 

New York, Prentice-Hall, 19^0 

This brief article in a non-library peri- 
odical is of interest not alone because it 
high-lights the calamity that can befall a 
library (Michigan State Library) from the 
most unpredictable source* It is also in- 
teresting that the library's problem was 
the symbol used by the journalist to convey 
the measure of the disaster associated with 

_„ , „ ^ ^ the $5,000,000 State Office Building Fire. 

Btlhler, Curt F, 

Standards of bibliographical description. ^gheim, Lester, ed., A Forum in the "Public 

Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania 
Press, 15lt9 

Clark, Yfelter V, 

The \ratchful gods and other stories. 
New York, Random House, 1950 

Cuppy, I'Jilliam J. 

Library Inquiry". 

N,Y,, I95O0 Columbia Uj 

This is the result of a conference spon- 
sored by the University of Chicago Graduate 
Library School devoted to the discussion of 
seven individual volumes issued by the 
Public Library Survey, The techniques em- 
ployed was to have each report discussed by 
a professional librarian, by a non-library 

Decline and fall of practically everybodj^expert, and finally by the author himself 
New York, Holt, 1950 ' 

Hauser, Bengamln G. 

Look younger, live longer, 
New York, Farrar, Straus, 


Hessel, Alfred 
A history of libraries. 
Washington, Scarecrow Press, 1950 

Hollowell, Lillian ed. 

A book of children's literature 
New York, Rinehart, 1950 

2d ed. 

Los Angeles, B ureau of Budget and Effi - 

Organization, administration and manage- 
ment of the Los Angeles Public Library, 
Los Angeles, 19ii8-50 

v.lO Library relationship in the 

Los Angeles metropolitan area. 
General administration. 


Naude, Gabriel 

Advice on establishing a library. 
Berkeley, University of California Press 

U, S, Library of Congress 

Departmental & divisional manuals. 
Washington, 1950 

no, 2 Copyright Cataloging Division, 
no, 5 Binding Division, 



"Book drying in Mchigan" in Life , Ifeirch .. 
19, 1951. 

in response to comments that had gone be- 
fore. These three points of view on each 
topic plus three generalizing papers on the 
Survey as a whole make up a meaty book, 

"Critical Bottleneck" in Newsweek , March 19, 
1951, p. 100, 

"Scholars' Presses'^ in Newsweek , March 12, 
1951, p. 92. 

These two tim.ely discussions of topics 
are germane to the book selection and pur- 
chasing problems of any library. They are 
written perhaps with loss- formality than the 
same topic vrould receive in a professional 
or book trade periodical. 

In "Critical Bottlenecks" a thumbnail but 
clear picture is given of the dynamics and 
principles that have made at least three 
review sources outstanding. The fact that 
The New York Herald Tribun e iras singled out 

as the winner of the contest conducted by 
the Publishers' Ad Club for papers mth cir- 
Recapitulation of recoramendation^g^ation in excess of 500,000 may be rather 

interesting to note, 

"The scholars' press" gives some indica- 
tion that the promise of vigorous grovrth in 
^university presses continues for 1951. 

Ring, Alma Gilbert. "The Library and Public 
relations" in Vifilson Library Bulletin , 
Vol. 25, No. 7, p. 503, Jferch, 1951» 

This is an article v/ritten by a Branch 
Librarian in charge of adult work, 
Schenectady Public Library, vj-hile doing 
graduate work in public relations at Boston 
University, It touches on Library person- 
nel problems, importance of training and 
morale, library users, etc. It is an in- 
teresting gathering of information from ' 
secondary sources. 

J, M. C, 



The major purpose of my recent visit to 
New York was to observe procedures and 
techniques of library vrork in the world- 
famous New York Public Library in conjunc- 
tion with i^y studies at Simmons College 
School of Library Science. However, I 
also found time to enjoy other pleasures 
of the Big City, 

Miss I.Iargaret Tfehler, Supervisor of 
Branches, planned my Itinerary which 
proved to be a varied and interesting one. 

During this week T'liss Elizabeth Kaufman 
of the Print Department v/as \Tith me (so 
when I use "us" you vdll know to whom I 
am referring) , Betty is now continuing 
her trip to libraries and museums ovming 
print collections throughout the East and 
she probably vail give full particulars of 
it in a later issue of The Question terk . 

We arrived in New York on Good Friday 
evening. After a week end of sightseeing, 
a gala performance of Die Fledermau s, and 
the Easter Parade on Sunday, vie vrere ready 
to get dorm to business Monday morning. 

Following an interview with Mss Wehler 
and the Personnel Officer, I vras assigned 
to the Central Circulation Department for 
the morning. This department is really a 
branch library in the Central Library, 
with a separate entrance on ii2nd Street, 
Here I was initiated into the mysteries of i 
photo-charging. Then, for a while, I ' 
assisted at the Information Desk, helping j 
people find the books they vfanted in the i 
department. (For a time, the term Infer- [ 
mation Desk had me a little confused, | 
T/hat Vire call the Information Desk in the j 
B.P.L, is the Inquiry Desk in the N.Y.P.L.| 
and the"Reference" is" Information" there,)! 

Monday afternoon I vra.s a guest in the I 
Public Relations Office, Here the close | 
integration of work with the administra- { 
tion and the various departments and | 
branches made a great Impression on me. 
The degree of cooperation is almost un- 
believable, I 

All day Tuesday ivas spent at the Muhlen- 
berg Branch on West 23rd Street in the | 
heart of the fur and needle trades section!. 
Here I was introduced to the d?.ily rou- 
tines of a busy branch whose clientele 
ranged from authors and artists to busi- 
nessmen and women v;ho hurried in on their 
lunch hour to check on the latest fur 
styles or dress designs. 

Ity^next professional assignment was to 
the Reader's Advisor *s Office on Vfednesday 
morning. In this Office are located also 

the person in charge of Vocational Guidance, 
Work vdth Labor Unions, and Adult Discus- 
sion Groups, including Great Books. Sev- 
eral interesting requests came in while I 
was there and the file of past queries made 
fascinating reading. 

That afternoon there was a special tea in 
honor of a presentation by Horace R. Cayton, 
a Negro author, to the Schomberg Collection 
at the 135th Street Branch in Harlem* ¥ir 
Cayton presented a scrap-book which had 
been kept by his grandfather, Hiram Reeves, 
the first Negro to become a U, S, Senator, 
At the tea I was introduced to Langston 
Hughes, the Negro poet, and Frances War- 
field of the Nevj- Yorker nngazine. This day 
was the highlight of my trip and vras cli- 
maxedin the evening when we saw Carol Chan- 
ning in Gentlemen Prefer Blonde s, 

On Thursday morning I arrived at the Hud- 
son Park Branch in Greenwich Village, 
Again I v/as assigned to assist in the du- 
ties of the Branch and since these varied 
30 from the type of work which I \ns used 
to doing, I found it all very interesting© 

A tour of the Reference Department (the 
Central Library) was planned for us both 
on Friday morning. We spent about 15 
minutes in each department. Everyone was 
very friendly to us and wont out of their 
vray to answer all our questions. 

For the final a ftemoon I visited the 
Nathan Strauss Branch which is unique for 
the fact that its patrons are all young 
people under the age of 21, Since I have 
had little or nothing to do with work iTith 
children or young people, I was especially 
interested in hearing about the techniques 
I'Aiich are tried out in this branch before 
they become permanent procedures in other 
units of the library system. 



In recognition of a long-felt need, tvdn 
punch boY;ls, Tdth matching ladles have been 
purchased for use at social gatherings of 
the staff© The bowls and ladlos are of a 
beautiful crystal clear glass and the bov/ls 
are in the graceful shape of a brandy glass. 
For use of these bov;ls application may be 
made by a responsible person to the Per- 
sonnel Office. The set was "christened" 
at the reception follovong the BERTPIA V. 




Codrcan Square 

Members of the staff are wearing sou- 
venir pins from Curacao, brought back by- 
Miss Etta Lasker« She had an enjoyable 
trip to the West Indies and South America, 
sailing on the French liner De Grasse from 
New York, 


The Keen Teeners surprised Miss Dorothy 
K. Becker, Children's Librarian, ivith a 
party on March 29, in honor of her birth- 
day. Several members of the club prac- 
ticing in secret, had prepared an enter- 
■bainment program of songand dance numbers c 
The center of attraction on the refresh- 
ment table was a three-layer birthday cake 
decorated with the words, "Happy Birthday, 
Miss Becker, from the Keen Teeners" » 
ing the many birthday cards Mss Becker 
received, and then dancing and Virginia 
Reel completed the evening's festivities. 

East Boston 

Miss Eva J, Anttonen, former Children's 
Librarian, who has recently been trans- 
ferred by the U, S, Department of State 
from the Biblioteca Benjamin Franklin in 
Mexico City to the Biblioteca Lincoln in 
Buenos Aires, has send us the following 
impressions of her new assignment. These 
impressions first appeared in "Embassy 
News", a staff organ for personnel of the 
embassy of the United States in Buenos 

"Having just made the sudden jump by 
plane from rsy exciting and challenging 
post in the Children's Library in Mexico 
City, I found myself taking a very deep 
breath and saying to myself (and to 
Argentina) 'Here we gol New children, new 
books and new adventures together J ' 

"Immediately my director and I went on 
a book-buying spree— for Spanish transla- 
tions of American children's books. And 
there are manyl The books purchased are 
still arriving— but already, due to fast 
work upstairs (the cataloging department) 
289 books are now on the shelves in the ■ 
Children's Room and the children are dis- 
covering them with delight,,." 

Jamaica Plain 

The is a copy of a message 
received on St Patrick's Day card: 

"Gracious ladies, 

^'^ith great pleasure we 
have frequently observed your patience 

with the younger, and your consideration 
and thoughtfulness for the older patron of 
the Library© So this being the Natal Day 
of the Patron Saint of Ireland, sure vre 
would request him to bestow on you all the 
Luck of the Irish, And it does : I'/hat 
matters the material wealth of the earth? 
You will all eventually have loving hus- 
bands, happy homes, and the faculty of ex- 
tracting the maximum of pleasure from every 
hour of your long life© And may the Queen 
of Heaven wrap her blue mantle about you 
and give you 'Grace Abounding'," 


Jeffries Point 

On Monday evening, March 19, Mrs Margaret 
A, Donovan was hostess for a shovrer and 
farewell party, in honor of Miss Es telle 
R, Henderson, Estelle was presented with 
Openje. gift of silver to match her chosen pat- 
tern. Together with this, she received many 
useful household gadgets. All had a pleas- 
ant evening but there was a note of sadness 
to the affair, because after Estelle 's mar- 
riage, she will make her home in Chicago, 

North End 

On April 17, a student from Boston Uni- 
versity's School of Practical Arts and 
Letters will speak to the "Nerts" on 
Opportunities for college women in the 

business world. The "Nerts" are planning 

a roller skating party on Friday, April 27» 

The Puppeteers are planning to attend the 
performance of "Toby lyier and his circus" 
on Saturday afternoon, April 21, at the 
Boston Tributary Theater for Children, New 
England Mutual Hallo 

Phillips Brooks 

Spring festivities began on March 21, in 
spite of an occasional snowflake, I'dth an 
Easter egg hunt, which followed Easter 
stories told to tvrenty members of the reg- 
ular pre-school story hour group. Mothers 
of the group furnished the Easter eggs and 
rabbit cookies. 

On April 6, a group of children presented 
a new puppet play, "The Sleeping Beauty", 
for which they had been trained by Mrs Anna 
Lou Shanor, The audience was delighted 
with the puppets ' changed appearances when 
they appeared in glittering new coiurt cos- 
tumes made by Miss F. Laurelle West, 


Women of the community were guests on Miss Lois (Sandee) Lydon, part-time as- 
Friday morning, April 13, virhen they dis- sistant, besides being chosen 19^1 Queen 
cussed the film Children's Emotions and en-tat Suffolk University a fev; weeks ago, vjas 

joyed coffee served by a committee of vro- 
men belonging to the Friends of the Li- 

Circus time came early for Readville 
girle and boys. On April lit fifty of them 
climbed into the bus chartered by the 
Friends of the Library and traveled to the 
Children's Tributary Theater to see Toby 
Tyler; or Ten Yfeeks with the Circus p 

Washington Village 

On Saturday afternoon, March 31j Miss 
Elizabeth H., I'IcShane was honored at a 
dinner at Novak's Tovme Terrace, Brookline, 
This dinner vras occasioned by Hiss 
McShane's retirement from the library serv- 
ice due to illness, and it was attended by 
the entire staff and some former staff 

In the course of the dinner, Miss 
McShane was presented with a beautiful coi?- 
sage of red roses and sweet peas, and wn,s 
thrilled vdth the parting gift from her 
staff, a sterling silver spray pin, 
matching earrings, both set vdth moon- 

The party was fittingly climaxed, vvhen 
the waitress brought in a large and beau- 
tifiilly decorated cake, complete with 
lighted candles, and served on a musical 
tray. The cake had been baked by the 
mother of one of our extras, Dianne Hay- 
ward, and in honor of the occasion, she 
had decorated it with a book, made of ic- 
ing, and inscribed the words, "Good 

We, at ^'''ashington Village, join with all 
Miss McShane's other friends in the li- 
brary system, in echoing the same phrase, 
"Good Luck", and may her retirement bring 
vdth it many happy years in which to enjoy 
all those things she has always wanted to 

West End 

recently honored v;hen a rose v/as named after 
her, the "Sandee Lydon Rose", at the Flower 
Show in Mechanics Hall, 

Jan, k 


On Saturday afternoon, March 31, Mrs 
Margaret Lewis, part-time assistant in the 
children's room, took a group of twelve 
children to see "Toby Tyler", a production 
of the Boston Tributary Theatre at the New 
England Mutual Hall. All were enthusiastic 
about the performance, and the occasion 
was enjoyed by everyone, including Mrs 

Happy New YearJ It started off 
happily for us. « -.many children and 
much interest in readings Tv;o hu- 
morous requests today, one for 
"Winnie-the-Pooch, " and another for 
the "Count of Monte Cri^sc^o" 
Feb, 11 The children loved their Valentine 

treat at Story HouTc 
Feb, 17 Our regular avalanche of sixth 

grade boys were in todays They're 
a rather noisy bunch, but reajly 
seem to be enjoyxng their books 
and discussions in schoola Each 
boy reads a page from his book, 
and then the class votes for the 
best storys, 
Mar, 11 Prizes were avrarded for the Catho- 
lic Book Week essay contest this 
afternoon. Quite a crowd gathered 
to hear the essays and see the 
vdnners receive their book prizes. 
Of course, eyes T^-idened,, and smiles 
multiplied when vre served dixie 
cups afterv7ardso 
April ^ I love these days^sodays when 

eager second graders proudly pre- 
sent their cards for the first 
time. Second to them, I love the 
well-behaved nursery children and 
their frequent visits to the li- 
bra ry^, 7 One boy told me that he vras all set 
for Easter, He excitedly described 
his suit v;hich v;as ?'il5, but his hat 
cost only 2^^, A real bargainl 
Our children's room is all ready 
for Easter, too, Bird pictures and 
springtime posters make pretty dec- 

!\.pr» 29 Tv;enty-tY;o children and mothers 
vratched several girls give the 
play "The Humble Aunt"« These 
girls are thrilled to put on a 
play, and it's good experience for 
them as vrell as entertaining to 
the others, 
\,Iay 1$ The trip to the Mapparium vras a 
success. The children seemed 
thrilled by it. It is unusual. 


June 27 The Summer Reading Club is boom- 
ing this year* -l57 'children 
signed up# I think Miss D's 
school visiting vras greatly re- 
sponsilbe. Guess the children 
are glad school's overl One 
young lad expressed his main dis~ 
_• , like for schoolo He said,"The 
only thing I don't like about 
school, is that you can't do what 
you want to," 

Dec. 23 Circulation is always slovir in 
December, but the children are 
happyo The familiar first Christ- 
mas story was told again at our 
Christmas party today» We were 
sujE'prLsed to see the childi^en 
give rapt attention as if it were 
a new story. It's true though, 
the story of the Christ Child 
will never grow oldo 

(lirs) Arlene MuiHn 



Information Offic e ' 

Patricia Lo Keegan, a former member of 
the' staff^ was married to Mr George 
Brugger of Waltham on March 2^, at St 
Patrick's Church in Roxburyo The bride 
wore 'the traditional white 'satin gown with 
finger-tip veil. The matron-of-honor was 
her sister, Tilrs Pfery Lentini, formerly of 
the Stock Purchasing Department, There- 
peption was held in the Bruns"vvick Room, 
Intercolonial Hall, Roxbury© 

Miss Mary F, Maguire was tyndered a 
luncheon at the Darbury Room in honor of 
her engagements 

Ifrs Paul Windham (isabelle Pennampede), 
was a recent visitor to the Libraryo 

HelenRones, Chief of the Fine Arts De- 
partment of Endicott College, also visited 
her BoP.L, friends, Bothllrs Windham and 
Miss Rones forj^orly worked in the Informa- 
tion Office, 

Mr Manual Pablo of the Philippine 
rEmbassy in New York City, visited the Li- 
brary on April 9, "Bataan Day"^, Mr Pablo 
was one of the speakers at the Mayor's 
formal observafrtce on Boston Common at noon. 

The program of the Member ' of the Yfeddlrig 
carried the following announcement: The 
Boston Public Library and its thirty branch 
libraries have Member of the ^.'Jedding and 
books to suit every reading taste. 

tihisic Department 

JiUss iviarianne Horse, Student at Simmons 
School of Library Science, is doing prac- 
tice work the week of April 8th in the 
Music Library of Yale University, 

Jtr George Pahud played bassoon part in 
Samuel Adler's "Concertina", scored for 
flute, bassoon and strings, which was 
broadcast over Station YffiEX on '."fednesday, 
April 11, at 9 ?» M-, (It is an interest- 
ing fact that the "Concertina" was origi- 
nally written by Samuel Adler as a wedding 
present for George and his wife Peggy Pahud.) 

Far Paul Tlbbetts sang as bass soloist in 
Bach's B Minor Jfess on ?5arch 20th in Car- 
negie Hall, New York, with the New York 
Oratorio Society. He will also sing lead- 
ing soloist's part of Mendelssohn's "Elijah" 
for the New York Oratorio Society in St, 
Thomas Church, New York City on Bfey 17th, 


Mr Arthur Jacob, music critic of the 
London Daily Express, Guest Critic on the 
periodical "Musical America" - April 6, 

Mr Vernon Loggins, Associate Professor of 
English at Columbia University, doing re- 
search on Music in Nev; Orleans. 

Jlr Willy Frey, noted European violinist 
who ynll make his Boston debut on April 29 
at Jordan Hall, - > 

Mr Leo Litwin, Boston pianist and con- 
ductor • 
' ■ ' ■ • ^ • ■ 

The Music Department clt6s lie Ifeurice 
Raliilly of the Periodical and Newspaper 
Department for calling its attention to a 
revievir of a series of Departmental and 
Divisional i"lanuals issued by the Library 
of Congress, one of v^iich is concerned vjlth 
the Music Division, A nice example of in- 
terdepartmental cooperationi 


Open Shelf Department 

Congratulations to I>frs Dorothy Kelson on 
her recent election to the Boston Univer- 
sity Chapter of Phi Beta Kappa, 

llrs Sidney Quint ivho is studying in the 
School of Library Science at Simmons is 
doing her practice work in the El Paso 
Public Library, This is giving her an op- 
portunity to see her husband who is sta- 
tioned in an army camp nearby. 

Mr Albert Fossett who is also studying 
in the Library School is doing his prac- 
tice work in the Nev/ Public Library and 
the Columbia University Library. 

The staff and public alike are vratching 
with interest the installation of the fu- 
ture Central Library Return Desk outside 
the present Open Shelf Department. The 
desk will be similar in appearance to the 
Infornation Desk on the opposite side of 
the hall. 

School Issue Department 

We welcome back lliss Beatrice Flanagan, 
Chief of the School Issue Department, who 
has recovored from a shoulder fractivre. 
Miss Flanagan vri.shes to thanl< her friends 
for the many cards and remembrances sent 
to her during her convalescence. 

Young People's Room 

Among the visitors to the Story Hour 
held at Central Library recently, was a 
Jtrs Schumann of South Africa, who v-rith 
her husband, an educator, is studying 
schools and libraries in the United States 

viev/s expressed. 

Help Needed 
Do you have as much trouble finding 
notices and other memoranda from your of- 
ficial file as I do? I wish that the ad- 
ministration would help us out by compil- 
ing a list of subject headings to be uni- 
versally used throughout the library system. 
Some notices are issued with subject head- 
ings but most are not, and it would help 
maintain an efficient and serviceable file 
to have all notices from all offices, divi- 
sions, departments, associations, etc. sent 
out with headings according to a prescribed 
scheme. All departments could then set up 
their files uniformly, with a copy of the 
subject headings kept at the beginning of 
the file for consultation vj-hen looking for 
an old notice, or sending out a new one. 
Perhaps there are others who have sugges- 
tions on this. If so send them along to 
the Publications Committee. 


Any contribution to the Soap Box must be 
accompanied by the full name of the Asso- 
ciation member submitting it, together 
with the name of the Branch Library, De- 
partment, or Office in which he or she is 
employed. The name is withheld from pub- 
lication, or a pen name used, if the con- 
tributor so requests. Anonymous contribu- 
tions are not given consideration. The 
author of the article is known only to the 
contributor and to the Editor-in Chief, 
The contents of articles appearing in the 
Soap Box are personal opinions expressed 
by individual Association members and 
their appearance does not necessarily in- 
dicate that the Publications Committee and 
the Association are in agreement ■with the 

As the nevj- Open Shelf Department takes 
on rainbow hues, and rumors of a definite 
opening date begin to circulate, several 
queries also seem to be going the rounds. 
As the staff set-up for the new Open Shelf 
Department is being decided, the sugges- 
tion has come up, via the rumor method, 
that a book selector for children's books, 
affiliated with the present Book Selection 
Department, might "give a break" to the 
intennediate group knovm as the "young . 
adults". Books for this group seem to fall 
■between the two categories of adult and 
juvenile, and thus are often overlooked. 
If the tvro book selection procedures were 
carried on together in the same office a 
plan might be evolved whereby this "for- 
gotten category" could receive its just r'ue. 
Have often vrondered why all the book selec- 
tion processes were not amalgamated at 
least as far as space and equipment, if not 
personnel are concerned. 

Just a wonderer. 

During its regular monthly meeting, the 
Publications Committee became so engrossed 
in a discussion of some of the points 
raised by Mr Ralph Munn in the recent HART- 
ZELL IIEMORIAL LECTURE, that its agenda was 
sadly affected. As similar discussions 
have been heard in other quarters the Cor>- 


mittee hopes that some of this discussion 
Tirill be chanolled to the next issue of The 
Question Ifark , As the primary purpose of 
the Soap Box is to provide a medium througlji 
which to air one's views let us have some 
discussion pro and con on some of Iv!r Munn's 
proposals, such as those relative to book 
selection, children's librarians, etc. 


I wonder if the individual iTho raised 
the question at the recent staff meetings 
of having more than a skeleton force on 
Sundays is forgetful of how close the 
B.P.L, employees came last fall to finding 
themselves in the position of foregoing 
time and one half pay for S\mday work and 
having to work on that day as part of the 
regular work week. As it is generally 
known that in most - but not all - Central 
departments no extra v/ork is performed on 
Sunday beyond the minimum required, in- 
stead of asking for the moon let us be 
grateful for the benefits we have and not 
kill the goose that laid the golden egg. 
Incidentally hove about giving time and one 
half work for time and one half pay since 
no indi">/idual is yet compelled to work on 
Sundays and does so at his ovm choice. 

For giving the tax payers a break. 


As the first step in the process of mov- 
ing the Book Purchasing Department from 
its present quarters to the area over that 
occupied by the Branch Issue Department, 
the latter department has temporarily va- 
cated the section it has been occupying. 
The space thus vacated will leave room 
for the contractor, the Tassinari Corpora- 
tion, to conduct its operations virhich will 
begin at once. 


Read Today's Librarian leads a lively 
life in Glamour, November 1950 » 


Congratulations to Miss Alice M, Jordan, 
Supervisor of Work yrith Children, Emeritus , 
for knowing without hesitation that Captain 
Isaac Hull was in command^ of the CONSTITUTION 
when it fought the GUERRIER. For her answer 
to this Tello-Test question on Saturday morn- 
ing, April lUj she won $60 i 



Published by the Boston Public Library Professional Staff Association 
Volume VI , Nvimber 5 May 1901 

Publications Committee; Geraldine M. Altiran, Ruth S. Cannell, Mary F. Daly, Thomas 

J. Manning, Beryl Y. Robinson, Martin F. Waters, Louisa S. 
Met calf. Chairman 

Publication da te; 
The fifteenth of each month 

Deadline for submitting material ; 
The tenth of each month 


At the recent staff meetings an attitude, 
indicated by sporadic comment for some 
time, that staff meetings were considered 
by some to be a waste of time, was brought 
to the attention of all. Such meetings 
are admittedly time consuming, and under 
certain circumstances the benefits derived 
may not always outweigh the time and ef- 
fort expended. In the instance in ques- 
tion, the yearly meeting devoted to a con- 
sideration of employee problems, this ob- 
jection should not be valid. Ideally, 
these gatherings should serve as a valua- 
ble medium for at least two important 
phases of staff relationships. Primarily, 
through the dissemination of relevant in- 
formation, they should further mutual re- 
spect and understanding between the indi- 
vidual members of the staff as they become 
aware of one another's responsibilities 
and concerns. Secondly, they should re- 
sult in dissolving tensions, antagonisms, 
and misunderstandings whenever such exist. 
Many times the difference between a valid 
grievance and an unjustified complaint is 
simply a matter of wrong information or 
lack of factual background. 

An examination of the apparent lack of 
enthusiasm exhibited at some staff meet- 
ings discloses that as a group we do not 
approach staff meetings as participants. 
Many seem to attend as spectators about to 
endure, or enjoy, as the case may be, the 
questions and comments of a few members of 
the staff. In fact, it is not an uncommon 
occurrence to hear one member of the staff 
express to another the hope that "they" 
will bring certain matters up at the meet- 
ing. This attitude would seem to indicate 
that by and large vre are inarticulate and 
need spokesmen. Another thought suggested 
by post-meeting comment, is that our per- 
spective in relation to individuals and 

groups other than our ovm may sometimes be 
one-sided. In this respect vre recognize 
that one of the fundamental human desires, 
the desire to improve one's status, is 
often successfully accomplished by be- 
lieving ourselves, and convincing others, 
of the paramount importance of our fields 
of endeavor. This in itself is a good 
thing. However, we should guard against 
unconsciously accomplishing this through 
comparisons which may minimize the quali- 
fications of others, or the importance of 
their fields of work. When this is done 
it does not tend to establish a favorable 
climate for discussion. There are times 
of course when a comparison is necessary 
to the solving of a particular problem. 
In general, questions which are objective 
and comments vrhich are impersonal and 
pertinent are more constructive. 

As discussion that is planned is more 
likely to promote interest and be informed, 
the possibility of announcing in advance 
topics to be discussed assumes an added 
value. As has been pointed out at the 
staff meetings this vrould not be possible 
at the present time because questions are 
submitted too late for such a practice to 
be folloT/ed, Possibly consideration could 
be given to a procedure whereby questions 
and comments suggested by the staif would 
be given a deadline vrell in advemce of the 
meetings and those of general interest to 
the staff be annoiinced in the form of an 


Annual meeting of the Massachusetts Li- 
brary Association, at the Hotel Sheraton, 
Springfield, May 17-18, 


Boston Printmakers exhibition, at Paine 
Furniture Company, May 10-26, 

B\isiness meeting of the Boston Public 
Library Professional Staff Association in 
the Lecture Hall, Friday, May 18, 

Public Library Week, May 20-26, pro- 
claimed officially by Governor Dever on 
Ifey 8. 

Annual meeting of Round Table of Chil- 
dren's Librarians at the Fitchburg Youth 
Library, Thursday, flay 2U, 


New Staff Members 

Miss Margaret J, IMrphy, Mattapan Branch 

Miss Marjorie A. Broivn, Cataloging and 
Classification Department, Division of 
Reference and Research Services. 

Miss Esther E, Jalonen, Cataloging and 
Classification Department, Division of 
Reference and Research Services. 

Mrs Jeanne C. Foret, who worked at the 
Mattapan Branch Library from July 19ii8 to 
September 19^9, has re-entered the service 
of the library. 


Mrs Ursula V. Oxley, East Boston Branch 
Library, to remain at home. 


Miss Patience-Anne C. Williams, Mattapan 
Branch Library to Brighton Branch Library, 


Miss Patricia A, Bean, Book Stack Serv- 
ice, to Mr Thomas J, Clougher on April 
15, 1951. 

Mr Russell E. Fossett, Open Shelf De- 
partment, to Miss Ardella Knight Brarawell 
on April 27, 1951. 


A son, John Matthew, Jr., to Mr and Mrs 
John M. Carroll on April 20. Mr Carroll 

is Supervisor of Reference and Research 
Services, and Mrs Carroll, the former 
Evelyn Caswell, was at one time on the 
staff of the Science and Technology De- 


JiLss Elizabeth H. McShane, Branch Li- 
brarian, Vfeshington Village Branch Library, 
on April 30, 1951. 

Miss A. Frances Rogers, Chief, Registra- 
tion Department, on April 30, 195l« 



Mr and Mrs Joseph H. Lyons announce the 
birth of a daughter, Christine Marie, on 
April 11, Mrs Lyons is the former Irene 
Bixler of the Information Office staff. 

Mr and Mrs John S, Ross announce the birth 
of a daughter, Melissa, on April 18, Mrs 
Ross is a former member of the Reference 
Division Office, 


Miss Katherine Sullivan, General Refer- 
ence Department, 

Miss Taimi E, Lilja, Codman Square 
Branch Library, 



Mr J. D. A, Collier, State Librarian, 
State Library of Tasmania, Hobart, 

iJirs Lilia Castro de Morales, Director, 
The National Library, Havana, Cuba, accom- 
panied by Mr Morales; Dr A. H, Eligio de 
la Puente, Secretary, Board of Trustees, 
and Mrs de la Puente; Mr Evelio Govantes 
and Mr Felix Cabarrocas, Architects, 


The new Vice President, Mr Gerald L, 
Ball, met with the Executive Board for the 
first time at the May meeting. It is very 
fortunate for the Association that Mr Ball 


vras able to accept the appointment to fill 
the vacancy" occiirring from Mr George 
Barley's resignation. It is regretted 
that Mr Barley was unable to continue be- 
cause of lack of time to devote to Associ- 
ation activities. 

The Bxecutive Board has prepared a 
statement for Committee chairmen as a re- 
sult of a discussion concerning the amount 
of time being used for the" activities of 
the Association and other factors involved 
in committee work. This will be given to 
chairmen at the beginning of the term, or 
in the case of special committees, at the 
time a special project is undertaken. It 
is the hope of the Executive Board that 
this will increase the efficiency of the 
organization and be helpful to the chair- 
men who may be new in this type of work. 
The statement reads: 

Committee chairmen are asked in making 
their selection of committee members to 
consider not only the qualifications of 
individuals for the work to be done, but 
to also have in mind the desirability of 
including those who may not have had an 
opportunity in the past to participate 
in the Association's activities, and to 
make a choice from a variety of units of 
the Library and levels of assistants so 
that as many interests as possible vd-ll 
be represented. Committee meetings 
should be planned in advance that the 
business at hand may be despatched 
readily and dates of future meetings set 
to enable a committee member to arrange 
for his absence viith the person in 
charge of his unit. It is often helpful 
to appoint a secretary for the committee 
to keep the whole committee informed in 
case all members are not present at each 
meeting. The funds of the Association 
are extremely limited and since one of 
the heaviest expenses is that of mimeo- 
graph paper. Chairmen are urged to con- 
sider this item carefully in preparing 
notices or other materials for distri- 

As a member of SORT (Staff Organizations 
Round Table of the American Library Asso- 
ciation) vre have again participated in the 

setting up of the SORT Steering Committee 
by selecting three people for nomination 
including Mr Bradford M. Hill of our own 
Association as a nominee for re-election 
to the Steering Committee upon which he 
has served the last two years. J.Ir Hill 
was also re-nominated by the Staff Associ- 
ation of the Cleveland Public Library, 

The May business meeting which will be 
held Friday morning, May 18, at 9 A. M, , 
is of importance to every member of the 
Association. The agenda for the meeting 
which is appended contains items of con- 
cern to all, and if the Association is to 
flourish the membership must attend in so 
far as it is possible to do so. Business 
meetings may be less appealing than other 
activities but it is at this point that 
decisions are made that effect all aspects 
of the life of the Association. 


1. Reports of the activities of standing 
committees and special committees with 
final reports from the In-Service Training 
Committee, Bertha V. Hartzell Memorial 
Committee and the Personnel Ratings Com- 

2. Consideration of re-apportionment of 
CARE fionds to increase the amount of books 
for UNESCO Children's Book Fiuid. At pres- 
ent by a poll of the Association in 19h9 
the amount of 7^% for food and 2^% for 
books was established, 

3. Discussion of possible contribution by 
the staff towards a written statement of 
objectives for the Boston Public Library. 

ii. The Executive Board will present the 
names of those who are to serve on the 
Nominating Committee for 19^1 • 

5. The question of the need for raising 
dues will be presented. 

6. Miscellaneous items. 

P. A, W. 




Mr Patrick F. McDonald| President of the 
Macco Steel Company, South Boston, has 
been appointed a Trustee of the Library 
for a five-year terra beginning April 30, 
1951. Mr McDonald has been a member for 
the past several years of the Sinking 
Funds Commission of the City of Boston. 
He succeeds Mr Francis B, Masterson whose 
terra of office has expired* 

Miss Rogers 

On Tuesday, March 27, 1951, Mss A, 
Frances Rogers, Chief of the Registration 
Department, left her desk to join those 
former members of the staff who, after 
years of unstinted devotion to duty are 
now enjoying the leisure and freedom of 
retirement. Her plans had been made 
quietly, as was characteristic of her. 
However, this in no degree lessened the 
deep feeling of regret her retirement 
caused those whose work had brought them 
in contact with her. They knew well that 
they would miss her not only as a person, 
but also as a most skilled administrator 
of her complex department, • its con- 
stant revision of records and flow of in- 
formation back and forth between every 
charging unit in the system. Her own de- 
partmental staff knew that in her they had 
lost a "boss" who didn't depend on bossing 
to run her department, but who kept their 
well-being constantly in mind, who con- 
cerned herself mth their problems, and 
shared their work load with them. 

Miss Rogers entered the service of the 
Library on November 2?, 1903. She worked 
briefly in the Book Stack Service, then 
known as the Issue Department, and was 
soon transferred to the Registration De- 
partment, where she became First Assist- 
ant in 1911. In 1920 she was appointed 
Chief of the Department. 

As Assistant-in-Charge of the Registra- 
tion Department in 1919, Miss Rogers 
handled the details of the last complete 
re-registration of card-holders. When she 
joined the Department it had a staff of 
five. In 195li it has grown to eleven. 
Her knowledge of Boston geography, her 
phenomenal ability to decipher handwriting, 

and her patient unscrambling of compli- 
cated name changes, charging errors, and 
duplicate registration records were but a 
few of the talents she had developed over 
the years that made it possible for her to 
perform wonders in the eyes of the staff 
and the public. 

On her last day at her desk, the staff 
of her department presented her with a 
handbag and a gift of money. On Thursday, 
April ^f 1951 at the Pioneer, Miss Rogers 
was presented with a purse from her many 
other Library friends v/ith the suggestion 
that she use it for the purchase of furni- 
ture for her new home. 

M. E. M, 

Miss McShane 

During her career in the Boston Public 
Library, Hiss Elizabeth H, McShane had 
worked in a number of branch libraries, 
including Neponset, Mtr Bowdoin, Warren 
Street, Codman Square, Andrew Square and 
Washington Village, as well as in the 
Young People's Room of the Central Library. 
In her early days she was particularly 
interested in \Tork mth children. She re- 
ceived training for this specialized field 
of library work at Simmons College and by 
completing a Boston Public Library course 
in Work Children under the guidance 
of Mss Alice M. Jordan, 

In 1920 I',Iiss McShane Tras transferred 
from the Young People's Room to the Codman 
Square Branch Library where she remained 
until her appointment as Branch Librarian 
in 1923 of what vreis then known as the 
Andrew Square Branch Library in South 
Boston, Nine years ago, when the Washing- 
ton Village Housing Project was completed, 
this Branch Library was moved to its pres- 
ent quarters and became known as the 
Washington Village Branch Library, 

For over a quarter of a century Miss 
McShane worked with and for the people of 
South Boston, She was interested in their 
problems and strove to develop the re- 
sources of the library to meet the needs 
of the community. The large groups of 
foreign-born Polish and Lithuanian borrow- 
ers found her understanding of their needs. 
The collection of books in their languages 
were increased. This, together with the 
advertising in their foreign language, 


newspapers, no doubt, were responsible 
for the large numbers of these people who 
were regular users of the Branch, 

"The right book to the right person at 
the right time", \Tas the motto of Miss 
McShane. The tired mother who desired 
something light to read, the elderly man 
who read western stories, the teacher who 
needed educational material, or the bor- 
rower who was interested in books of a 
cultural nature, all received the same 
courteous attention. Through the years 
she was conscious of the importance of 
the library in the field of adult educa- 
tion. V/ith this idea in mind the collec- 
tion Tras developed to meet the needs of 
the individuals who desired material for 
the furtherance of their education. The 
non-fiction collection was regarded by 
some patrons, who borrowed books from 
other departments, as one of the finest 
in the Library, 

To be able to look back on a job which 
was performed sincerely, conscientiously, 
and successfully must bring a feeling of 
deep satisfaction to our former associatet 
With her love of travel and her interest 
in many social groups we know that the 
future has much happiness in store for 

M. A. C. 



The following poem is reprinted from 
the Ifey 1, 1951 issue of THE CHURCHI^;IAN . 

(Tune of "Come Back to Erin") 

Send wheat to India, 
The teeming, the dreaming, 
Send her our prairies' golden increase 
Do not despise her. 
She may be vd-ser: 

Age has more wisdom, age longs for 

Send wheat to India, 

Refuse not, and choose not 

Pride for your guide, but mercy in 

Christians we claim we are, 
Only in name we are. 
Christians mthout xhe beneficent 


Sent wheat to India, 

Delay not and stay not. 

Send its abundance to all her 

India could teach us. 
Her prayers reach us: 
Give and the giver is more richly 


Margaret Munsterberg 

Miss Muriel Figenbaum, Print Department, 
has a print entitled Marianne , on display 
at the exhibition of the Boston Print- 
makers at Paine Furniture Company, May 8- 


Mrs Muriel C. Javelin, Deputy Supervisor 
in Charge of Work with Adults, Boston Pub- 
lic Library, and Miss Miriam Putnam, Li- 
brarian, Memorial Hall Library, Andover, 
Massachusetts, presented the morning pro- 
gram at the New Hampshire Library Associa- 
tion meeting on Thursday, May 10, Their 
subject was. The Librarian Serves Communi- 
ty Groups with Books, Recordings, and 



The Ad\J.t Education Council of Greater 
Boston vrere guests of Brandeis University 
at their spring meeting on May 8th. About 
forty members and guests, including mem- 
bers of the BPL staff, met at the Admin- 
istration Building in the late afternoon 
for a tour of the three-year old Universi- 
ty under the expert guidance of Mir 
Emmanuel Gilbert, Director of Public Af- 
fairs, The group first visited the li- 
brary converted from a cobblestone bam 
into a tvientieth century library of about 
forty thousand volumes. The next stop was 
the common room of a women's dormitory 
cleverly remodeled from two government 
PXs. The group next saw the former 
Middlesex Medical College buildings built 
in the feudal castle tradition which form 


the original core of the University. The 
round common room with its many windows, 
huge fireplace and striking furnishings, 
and the modern cafeteria were fine exam- 
ples of intelligent adaptation of old 
world architecture to the needs of present 
day students. 

After a delicious dinner in the cafete- 
ria, the meeting moved to the Science 
Building for a glimpse of the Little 
Theater and a typical classroom. ^^^ 
Gilbert spoke informally about the adult 
education program at Brandeis. Just as 
the University aims to be a small quality 
institution T/Tith a student body of high 
calibre, an up-to-date plant, and an out- 
standing faculty, so the adult education 
program is geared to a high level. The 
five institutes of the past years have 
featured courses of lectures on present 
day problems and cultural needs given by 
outstanding scholars for the adult desir- 
ing to supplement his college education 
and keep abreast of the new developments 
of the atomic age. The University plans 
to keep its adult education program fluid 
and adaptable to the changes of the pres- 
ent day. 

Spring sunshine, trees bursting into 
green, robins' songs, gay tulips, friendly 
students and a charming guide made this 
meeting delightful and memorable. 

D. F. N. 


Mrs Mildred V. D. Mathews, Superintend- 
ent of Adult Services in the New York Pub- 
lic Library, was the speaker at the third 
General Meeting of the Workshop, which was 
held in the Lecture Hall on Friday, April 
27th. Mrs Mathews spoke on "The Dynamic 
Use of Book Materials in Public Libraries," 
a subject closely related to the interests 
and purposes of the Workshop groups. 

She stressed the need for greater ini- 
tiative, on the part of librarians, in 
participating in community activities and 
approaching community problems. Since 
librarians are so aware of book materials 
relevant to most group projects, they 
should recognize and take advantage of the 
opportunities to share their knowledge. 
Rather than waiting until called upon for 
assistance, they sho\ild make the approach. 

and offer to speak about a few books peiv 
tinent to a specific meeting or occasion. 
There really can be a good deal of enjoy- 
ment in building a book talk around a 
central idea, searching for an unusual 
combination of books, and avoiding the 
obvious choices. As a case in point, Mrs 
Miathews cited the selection, for a parents' 
meeting, of "Morning Faces" by John Idason 
Brovm, "They Game Like Swallows" by Ifilliam 
Maxwell, Cornelia Otis Skinner's "Nuts in 
May" and Ogden Nash's "Family Reunion". 
The inclusion of only four books, in this 
instance, also pointed up Mrs Jfethews' ad- 
vice to avoid the use of a long list, and 
rather to concentrate on a few memorable 
books, repeating titles and authors clear- 
ly and often. In New York City, twelve- 
minute talks of this kind are given on a 
morning radio program, "Speaking Volumes", 
and book choices are made with a view to 
the vromen's audience T/hich can be expected 
at that time of the day. 

Perhaps the most common form of reading 
suggestion and advice is the book list, 
which is available and familiar in so many 
varieties. A library may find it expedient 
to make a special list for a community 
group, to serve as a guide in program 
planning or to give direction to a pro- 
posed activity. Such lists are often a 
pleasure to prepare, but, because they are 
costly in time and vrork, they should be 
made only if there is assurance that they 
vdll be used. 

In this connection, Mrs Mathews cor- 
rected the popular misconception of the 
readers adviser's function as largely that 
of compiling lists for individual readers. 
Experience has shown that her most valuable 
service is the judicious selection of books 
from the shelf-collection. The special 
list is made only if the material on 
shelves is unsatisfactory. 

A more serviceable sort of list is an 
annotated subject card catalog, for the 
use of library assistants, showing how a 
book may be used, and listing material in 
the way in which people ask for it, rather 
than tinder the conventional subject head- 

Even a small library may offer a dis- 
cussion program, on the model of New York's 
Book Center Discussion Groups. This proj- 
ect is organized to meet the particular 
interests of the comm\inity, and is planned 
to appeal to a middle reading group, whose 
readers are neither scholars nor 


illiterates. It can function in addition 

to, or in place of, a Great Books program, 

since the latter is not the answer for 

everyone who wants to participate in a 

book program. The attention in this sort 

of group is centered on a field of common 

interest, such as, The American Tradition, 

a subject which can include the considera-ibrarian, 

tion of a stimulating variety of fiction j There are four general meetings in a 

and non-ficfion material. lyear, and a period for self -evaluation try- 

plus an evaluation of the intangible 

Staff members v;ill prepare a reading 
liat to be offered to the public. Annota- 
tions on the list vrLll be presented from 
the point of view of the person who is to 
use the books rather than that of the li* 

In conclusion Vars Mathev^s discussed a 
workshop program which the New York Public 
Library has conducted for the past few 
years. The Workshop is a function of the 
Circulation Division, and is open to as- 
sistant branch librarians, reference li- 
brarians and readers advisers. The sub- 
ject chosen for the first year was The 
Psychology of Human Relations. The pro- 
gram was, as is usual in the initial 
stages of workshops, an over-ambitious one^ 
which necessitated unforseen changes in 
aims and approaches. The results were, 
however, sufficiently satisfactory to 
justify the continuation of the program 
for a second year, with the addition of a 
workshop on Industrial Relations, and one 
on Ifen in the World Tod.ay. The groups 
were smaller the second year, so that mem- 
bers worked together more simply and ef- 
fectively. The branches also arranged for 
staff meetings, where Workshop partici- 
pants shared their findings vrlth their 

It had been planned to devote the third 
year to a re-evaluation of objectives and 
accomplishments, but there was a popular 
demand for another Workshop, The topic 
selected. Readable Books, is currently 
under consideration, with the Workshop 
divided into six subject groups: 

1, Readable books for foreigners - 

those who have been educated in 
their ovvn language only, 

2, Material for illiterates. 

3, Books for Spanish-speaking people- 

(a large Porto Rican group in New 
York) not studying for citizen- 
ship but looking for simple read- 
ing matter. 
U. American-born readers with reading 

needs in definite directions, but 
with limited ability and interest, 

5. Informational and readable materials 

to use with these groups. 

6. A testing groiip considering certain 

formulas for testing reading re- 
sults, including mechanical tests 

the Tforkshop participants. Next year's 
p].an is for the V'.''orkshop members to visi1> 
other types of libraries, to consider their 
functions and services, and their relation 
to the work of the public library* 

Mrs Mathews left her audience with the 
impression that the real dynamic force be- 
hind these suggested uses of book materi- 
als is the librarian herself. 

The meeting was presided over by Mrs 
Muriel C. Javelin, Deputy Supervisor in 
Charge of I'fork -vath Adults, who introduced 
Mrs Ivlathev;s, 

Veronica Lehane 



The Dome Room of the Hotel Lenox vra.s the 
scene of the annual dinner of the "Quarter 
Century Club" on Tuesday evening, April 

There were some eighty members and their 
friends present, and the evening vras 
pleasantly gay and informal. The guests 
of honor vrere Mr Milton E. Lord, Mr and 
Mrs Frank B, Masters on, and Jlr John J, 
Connolly. Background music vras furnished 
throughout the exce].lent dinner by Francis 
Myers' orchestra, and the group especially 
appreciated the leader's invitation to 
join with the musicians in singing some of 
the old familiar songs. Mr Freddie 
Deveraux, a member of the orchestra sang 
beautifvilly, and vath deep feeling, "Old 
Man River," and Tona Rosa played a violin 
solo "Smoke Gets In Your- Eyes." 

After the dinner, Mr George W. Gallagher, 
the President of the club, v;as presented 
by Miss Bessie L. Doherty, as master of 
ceremonies for the brief program v/hich pre- 
ceded the dancing. 

In his speech of welcome Mr Gallagher 
expressed sincere appreciation for Mr 
Lord's interest in the Quarter Century 
Club, and of his cooperation rath the 

group at all times. The Director replied 
briefly, not only expressing his pleasure 
in the reorganization of the club, but re- 
minding the guests that it would not be 
very long before he himself would become 
eligible for membership. 

Mr Gallagher then introduced Tir Francis 
B. Masterson, who responded in his own in- 
imitable way with reminiscences of his 
early days in the library, and of his 
later experiences as a member of the Board 
of Trustees. As his talk progressed those 
present were a bit saddened by the reali- 
zation that this speech might prove to be 
somewhat in the nature of a farewell ad- 
dress from a man v^om so many of them had 
come to know and appreciate as a wise and 
understanding friend. Y'/hen the official 
program was concluded there followed an 
impromptu reception for Mr and Mrs 
Masterson, for it seemed that everyone 
wanted to greet them, shake Mr Masterson 's 
hand, and thank him for his very special 
and unfailing interest in the problems of 
the members of the entire library staff. 
IfJhether in an official capacity or not, 
Mr Masterson 's place will always be secure 
in the hearts of the many friends he has 
made in the library. 

The evening was rounded out most pleas- 
antly with chatting and dancing. 

Bessie L, Doherty 


Our annual Bovrling Banquet beckoned 
And all were present on May the Second 
The bowlers gathered, a merry throng 
And took The Frolics Club by storrao 

We dined on turkey, steak and chicken 
Then gave the plates a final lickin' 
Lights were dimmed— the mood precise 
Behold the chorus— oh, how nice I 

Lovely damsels dressed in satin the maestro 's pattern 
Then pantomimes of this and that 
Our favorite portrayed at bat. 

Then the prizes awarded to those 
lATiose skill had kept them on their toes. 
Gold, scribed pencils to one and all 
For a happy season to recall. 

Now, hear this, a speech or two 
Such gaiety, the evening flev/ 
And just as sure as Murphy's green 
No happier bovilers could be seen, 

Alas, although the season ends 
Vfe'll still remain true bovrling friends 
For we'll return next year — and why? 
You Icnovj" "old bowlers never die". 




The f j.nal reports of the Workshop will 
be available by the end of June and copies 
may be obtained at that time by sending 
ten cents Tdth name and address to Miss 
Evelyn Levy, Jeffries Point Branch Library, 



Roster 1951-52 

Vice Commander 
Adjutant and 


Officer of the Day 

Sargeant Major 
Patriotic Instructor 

Color Bearers 

Color Guards 

Guard Commander 

Russell A. Scully 
Patrick 0. Murtagh 

Francis G. Myers 
Charles J, Gillis 
Louis W. Rains 
Samuel (NIvU) Green 
Henry F. Barry 
Charles L, Higgins 
Thomas J. Daly 
ViTilliam DiRosario 
Martin F> Waters 
Louis (Iflfl:) Polishook 
John T. Kyle 
Charles Fo Weider 
William A. Reynolds 
Stephen L. Baxter 
Francis H^ Boudreau 
George E. Earley 
Bernard F, Doherty 
Joseph Fallon 
Edward F. Maynard 
Louis R. O'Halloran 
Arthur Burke 
John W. Tuley 
James M. Barry 




From March 2J4 thru April I6 I took a 
field trip in connection vd-th my final 
year of studies at Simmons College, School 
of Library Science, and my work in the 
Print Department. As my particular inter- 
est is in the graphic arts I visited the 
principal museums and print departments in 
the cities on an itinerary arranged by Mr 
Arthur W. Heintzelman, Keeper of Prints, 
including New York City, Philadelphia, 
Washington, D.C, Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, 
Chicago, and Cleveland, 

In the short time spent in each place I 
tried to familiarize myself insofar as 
possible, with the scope of collections, 
the type of print activities in which the 
departments engage during the year, the 
physical arrangements of the departments, 
the housing of the prints, the print card 
catalogs, seeing many of the rare items 
themselves, and whenever feasible, meeting 
the curators of the collections. 

In addition to this schedule I also man- 
aged to visit the follovring libraries, 
Brooklyn Public Library, New York Public 
Library, Library of Congress, Carnegie 
Library in Pittsburgh, Chicago Public Li- 
brary, the Cleveland Public Library, and 
A.L.A. headquarters (vfhe re I met the Execu- 
tive Secretary, Mr John Corey). Through- 
out my trip I was cordially received and 
made to feel very welcome, 

Mr Heintzelman provided me with several 
introductions to curators and private 
print collectors. These, in addition to 
working with the notable Albert H, Vfiggin 
Collection of the Boston Public Library 
were contributing factors in seeing the 
"inner sanctums" of the collections vis- 
ited, and not just looking from the out- 
side in as any other visitor would have to 

The most impressive experience I had, 
was my visit to the print collection of 
Mr Lessing J. Rosenvrald, in Jenkintown, 
Pennsylvania, a suburb of Philadelphia. 
I had heard enthusiastic descriptions of 
the setting of the estate and the collec- 
tion itself, but no description can quite 
■do it justice. The imposing Rosenwald 
mansion is set at the end of a long wind- 
ing driveway, and visitors are admitted 
to the study room by appointment only. 
The wing of the estate in which the col- 
lection is housed is very sumptuous. The 

print cabinets are beautif\illy panelled, 
and there are small alcoves and book 
shelves in the study room at which the 
visitor may sit at leisure and read or 
just smoke. At the end of tiie study room 
is the library where rugs and soft leather 
furnishings make the visitor comfortable 
and provide a very relaxing atmosphere* 

Mr Rosenvrald and Miss Elizabeth Mongan, 
the curator, vrere both away when I arrived, 
so I had free reign and felt like a queen 
amidst this luxury. The secretary opened 
all the cabinets for me so that I could 
pull out boxes and study prints as I 

In 19h3 the collection ^vas given to the 
National Gallery of Art in Washington, 
D,C., in the hope that its selection 
would initiate a greater interest in the 
graphic arts, and result ultimately in the 
Print Department taking its proper place 
in the many fields so magnificently in- 
cluded in the National Gallery. Until 
adequate space is provided in Washington 
the major part of the collection remains 
at the estate. Exhibitions are sent from 
Jenkintown periodically to the National 
Gallery and shown there. In addition there 
is a very active policy of lending exam- 
ples from the collection to form important 
exhibitions throughout the United States, 

The prints and drawings number approxi- 
mately 10,000 including impressions of the 
fifteenth century as well as superb exam- 
ples of all the great masters in the 
graphic arts. Though not intended to be 
a cross-section of the development of the 
graphic arts from the earliest times to 
the present day, nevertheless, there are 
specimens from the earliest atterapts down 
to some of the best work of our own time. 
The major techniques are all represented-- 
woodcuts, engravings, etchings, mezzotints 
and lithographs, as well as drawings of 
all schools. The aim of the collection 
from the beginning was to secure quality 
rather than quantity, and each item is a 
gem in its own right. 

During 19U8-1;9 a number of unusual 
prints of the highest quality were addedj 
several drawings secured from the famous 
collection of the Prince Liechtenstein, 
magnificent examples of the great Cranach 
Passion from the well-known collection of 
Count Harrach of Vienna, rare etchings by 
Hirschvogel, and a complete set of ten 
charming landscapes by Buytewech, In ad- 
dition splendid examples of artists 


already well represented such as Mary 
Cassatt and the French Impressionists have 
been added. 

Particularly choice were the magnificent 
fourteenth century German, Italian, Eng- 
lish and French miniatures in sparkling 
rich blues, rose, gold, green — each a 
tiny painting in its oivn right* 

My stimulating visit concluded with a 
tour of the rest of the house to see the 
paintings, before leaving for Philadel- 

Elizabeth M. Kaufmann 



CARE-UNESCO Children's Book Program was 
launched in Boston at a special meeting 
at the Parker House on April 10, By 
means of this fund the favorite books of 
American children will be sent to the 
young people of Europe and Asia to pro- 
mote friendship and understanding between 
the children of the world. 

The list of titles, compiled by the 
American Library Association cooperating 
committee, includes nursery rhymes, his- 
tories and geographies of the United 
States, stories of American children and 
stories of children of other lands. Each 
volume has a special book plate contrib- 
uted by the Children's Book Council and 
designed by Valenti Angelo, 

At the meeting, i.'hich was attended by 
Miss Elizabeth M. Gordon, Deputy Supervi- 
sor In Charge of Y/ork vdth Children, and 
Miss May McDonald, representatives from 
other libraries, from club and school 
groups heard Mr Milton Smith, National 
Executive Director of CARE's Education 
Division outline plans for the program. 

May C. McDonald, Chairman 
Special Committee on CARE 



Dewey, Melvil 

Decimal classification. Standard 

(l5th) ed. 
New York, Forest Press, 1951 

Sawyer, Ruth 

The way of the storyteller. 
New York, Viking Press, 1951 

Wilson, H, ?J. , firm, publishers . 

Standard catalog for public libraries. 

19U9 ed. 
New York, 1950 



The Committee on Cities of the Legisla- 
ture has been authorized to sit during the 
recess of the General Court to investigate 
the subject matter of establishing in the 
City of Boston the Office of Budget Per- 
sonnel Director (Senate #33)' 



Come, learn Bridge, my friends all said 
There's really nothing to it 
Just learn the bids, a rule or two 
You'll soon be breezing through it, 

I memorized their "rule or two" 
Read books to modify it 
Then bravely venturing forth, declared 
I'm ready now to try it. 

An icy fear was in my heart 
Three pairs of eyes were on me, 
YiTith shaking hands, I grasped my cards 
The moment was upon me. 

Thirteen cards were in my hand 
Thirteen cards to choose from 
Thirteen cards to mn a trick 
Thirteen cards to lose from. 

Finally, I made my choice 
(The pause had been a long one) 
But as my partner turned quite blue 
I knew I'd made the wrong one. 

Come, learn Bridge, my friends all said 
But if they only knew it 
The grass will grow a pretty pink 
ViThen I'll be "breezing through it". 






A gay, May—time bridal shower was tend- 
ered Miss Peggy Gallagher of Dorchester 
Branch on Friday, May h, at the home of 
Miss Margaret A, Morgan in Yfollaston, in 
honor of Miss Gallagher's approaching mar- 
riage, June 17. The theme of spring and 
nuptials was heralded vrLth gay pink 
streamers and white bells, and an umbrella 
that showered rose petals on the surprised 
bride-to-be. Silver and pink table orna- 
ments enhanced the refreshments of dainty 
sandwiches and frosted cakes and pastries. 

The surprise package of the evening was 
a wastebasket overflcn;-ring with numerous 
cryptic gifts. Miss Rosemarie DeSimone 
disguised kitchen utensils in the shapes 
of wedding characters and symbols - salad 
spoons and forks v/ere vn^apped as bride, 
groom, and parsonj a napkin holder took on 
the shape of a church. The whole ceremony 
was produced imaginatively with ribbon, 
paper, and pantry utensils. Miss DeSimone 
also made the favors for the table - min- 
iature v^heelbarrows , 

Assisting Miss Gallagher in opening the 
delightful miscellany of gifts was her 
fiance, Mr Robert Sagar of Wollaston. 

The staff of Dorchester Branch and rela- 
tives of the bride- ard groom-to-be were 
guests. Miss Morgan's sister, lies Joseph 
MacDonald, assisted the hostess* 

East Boston 

A nevj procedure initiating second-grade 
children into library membership was tried 
successfully at the East Boston Branch 
Library this spring vrith the young regis- 
trants invited to attend as special "Story 
Party" for new borrov/ers. 

In a setting that Yras made as inviting 
as possible with a huge "'V^JELGOliE" sign 
supported by gay dancing figures and an 
array of lovely fresh nev; books that had 
been reserved for this purpose_; four of 
these affairs were held with enthusiastic 
response from the children. 

The parties consisted of stories, a 
game or two, a careful explanation of li- 
brary membership, issuance of the new 
cards, an opportunity to choose from the 
books on display, and of co\irse, a small 
"treat". In a little socio-drama of the 
type demonstrated recently in the Workshop 
of the Professional Staff Association, 

ililrs Helen Popp, Assistant in the Children's 
Room, YTith the shy but willing cooperation 
of a new borrower shov/ed the delighted 
audience what to do and what not to do in 
the library. From a gaily decorated bas- 
ket, each child chose a bright spring book- 
mark in the shape of an egg, a kite, a 
bunny, or an umbrella and found inscribed 
thereon a book especially recommended for 
good reading. From another attractive bas- 
ket he took his treat, AH of these little 
touches required extra effort and thought, 
but it is hoped that from the warmth, the 
welcome, and the cordiality thus extended 
to these children in their first contact 
with the Public Library there has been 
established a happy association v;^hich will 
be but the beginning of a long series of 
such associations and of growing satisfac- 
tions in the vrorld of books. 

West End 
I On Saturday, May 12, a large and en- 

thusiastic group of children attended a 
}!\ay Party at the West End Branch in cele- 
bration of the Spring Book Festival. 
Gloomy weather outside served only to 
heighten the gaiety inside, and the lec- 
ture hall, trimmed with flowers and crepe 
paper streamers, looked very spring-like. 
The main part of the prog-r-am consisted of 
a "talent show" in which Ik children of 
the West End neighborhood took part. A- 
mong the talents represented were tap- 
dancing, ballet,, piano-playing,, singing, 
and ft.c.; Next a group of 
children from the Elizabeth Per.body House 
danced a Spring ballet in costUi:ie. Mrs 
Flora Roussos, a member of the st.aff at 
West End, sang several delightfuj. chil- 
dren's songr. , Finally came the crowning 
of the Jilay C.aeen- whose part T;as taken by 
3-yea:'--old (■ynthi' Diorio of Lj-nde St.,, 
West Ei'idj Cynthia wore a pasxel'-colcred 
govm T/ith a crown of pink and blue flowers. 
The audience thoi-o-jghly enjoyr.d ohe entire 
program^ but perhaps most of all they ap- 
preciated the surprise at the end of the 
party when lollipops were given to each 

West R oxbury 

On Monday evening, March 23, the resi- 
dents of ^Test Roxbury had the fine oppor- 
tunity of hearing Miss Jennie Lindquist, 
editor of the Horn Book, repeat the 
Caroline Hev/ins lecture which she presented 


at the Massachusetts Library Association 
meeting at Swampscott last fall. 

The name Hewins is a familiar one in 
West Roxbury whei^e the family lived for 
many years and it was here that Caroline 
grew up. Unlike the first time Mss 
Lindquist presented her paper, she was on 
this occasion addressing an audience com- 
posed of many who had knovm Miss Hewins 
personally, and on whom no reference was 

Although the old Hewins' home in its 
lovely setting of trees, flowering shrubs 
and gardens, which Miss Hewins has de- 
scribed in her "Mid-century child and her 
books," is well knovm to many in West 
Roxbury, the audience enjoyed the Koda- 
chrome slides of this residence as well as 
other places of interest v/hich were shown 
at the end of the lecture. 

Books written by Caroline Hewins, photo- 
graphs, and material about her were on 
exhibition in the library. Of especial 
interest luas a letter written by Herbert 
Putnam, then Librarian of the Boston Pub- 
lic Library, notifying Miss Hewins of- 
ficially of the change of the library in 
West Roxbury from a "Reading Room" to a 
"Branch Library" of the Boston Public Li- 



Open Shelf Department 


to Mr Russell E, Fossett, part-time as- 
sistant, on his marriage to Mss Ardella 
Knight Brarawell on April 2?. Mrs Fossett 
is employed as an administrative assistant 
to the Librarian of the School of Education 
Library, Boston University. 

to Mr John F. Usher, Jr., part-time as- 
sistant who has been elected to Fantasia, 
honor society at B. U, College of Music, 
and is president of the senior class and 
treasurer of Student Government for the 
year 1951-52. 

Periodical and Newspaper Department 

Members of the staff are urged to be on the 
lookout for the forthcoming exhibition of 
photographs by Mr Kenneth Barnes, taken 
during a recent vacation in Mexico. The 

exhibition, including related books, will 
be on view during the month of June in the 
Puvis de Chavannes Gallery, Mr Barnes' 
reputation for exceptional work is well 
knovm, and his work has been exhibited in 
salons in the United States, Canada, and 
England in competition with the vTorks of 
photographers throughout the world. 


The April, 195l, issue of the Bulletin 
of the New York Public Library notes the 
advent of a new periodical of interest to 
librarians. The Critic , a monthly magazine 
devoted to art, music, drama, dance, books, 
opera, film, and radio, published in 
Toronto, Canada, 

For the first time in the history of the 
New York Metropolitan Museum of Art, the 
work of cartoonists vail be on exhibition. 
The shov;, under the Joint sponsorship of 
the Museum and the National Cartoonists 
Society, vidll open to the public May 11 
and run through the summer. ,,»It vrill tell 
the story of American cartooning today and 
vri.ll show the progress, influence and im- 
portance of cartooning as an art. Comic 
strips, editorial and animation cartoons, 
sport panels and syndicated gag panels will 
be featured. 

Judges from the National Cartoonists 
Society are Otto Soglovj-, creator of "The 
Little King," Alex Raymond, of "Rip Kirby" 
fame, and the well-knovm Rube Goldberg. 

(Abstract from Writer's Digest, Apr 195l> 
P 72) 

Yoxing People ' s Room 

At a memorable story-hour, Jfr and Mrs 
Cronan's last for the season, the children 
made up a very special surprise for May 
Day. They eagerly chose Miss Mary C, Toy 
as Queen of the Mky, and picked out a 
special May Day verse in her honor. One 
of the little boys presented her vdth a 
china figurine filled vdth May violets, 
and thanked her for all the story hours 
they had listened to during the year. It 
T/as a good treat for everyone, and a happy 
ending to a happy season. 


civiL defe:ise 

■ The Manual 

It is hoped that The Civil Defense 
Manual for Central Library Building will 
be distributed to all staff members within 
the next week. 

Disaster Service 

At the Civil Defense meeting held on 
May 10, 19^1 J for those who had indicated 
a willingness to volunteer for Disaster 
Service , a plan was outlined for the oper- 
TERS following atomic attack. 

The Civil Defense authorities hope that 
there will be 300 teams of at least 5 per- 
sons each who will serve at these centers 
where information will be given to unin- 
jured survivors of atomic attack. Each of 
these 300 teams will have a chief and a 
deputy chief, whose responsibility it will 
be to keep the teams informed of any new 
instructions, etc. Volunteers who live 
and work in two separate areas will be as- 
signed to two teams so that they may serve 
in the immediate district in which they 
find themselves following an attack. 
After the assignments have been made, 
meetings of teams will be held so that 
members will be acquainted each other 
before they are called upon to work to- 

A manual is being prepared and will 
probably be in the form of a loose-leaf 
notebook to which additional sheets may be 
added without difficulty* 

Registration cards were given out at the 
meeting. If there are others who may msh 
to volunteer for Disaster Service, cards 
are available in the Office of Records, 
Files, Statistics, 

First Aid 

May 16 is the final meeting night for 
the first group taking the First Aid 
Course. It is hoped that a sufficient 
number of persons will be interested so 
that a second course can start on 
Thursday, May 2k* 


Any contribution to the Soap Box must 
be accompanied by the full name of the 

Association member submitting it, together 
with the name of the Branch Library, De- 
partment, or Office in which he or she is 
employed. The name is withheld from pub- 
lication, or a pen name used, if the con- 
tributor so requests. Anonymous contribu- 
tions are not given consideration. The 
author of the article is knovm only to the 
contributor and to the Editor-in-Chief. 
The contents of articles appearing in the 
Soap Box are personal opinions expressed 
by individual Association members and 
their appearance does not necessarily in- 
dicate that the Publications Committee and 
the Association are in agreement with the 
views expressed. 

To the Soap Box: 

In connection ■'Arith the proposal made at 
the last series of staff meetings that 
Children's Librarians be given further 
recognition in their speciality beyond 
their present status, thus opening up for 
them an additional possibility of advance- 
ment, vrould it not be more uplifting for 
the morale of the staff in general if a 
greater number of people at the lower lev- 
els could hope for recognition of their 
speciality and for advancement, too. 

At the present time in the system, in 
addition to all the First and Second As- 
sistants in the Division of Home Reading 
Services, there are 22 Children's Librar- 
ians and 1 Children's Assistant, This in- 
dicates that a total of 23 persons who 
took Promotional Examinations in the Chil- 
dren's field have been recognized. 

In the Division of Reference and Re- 
search Services at the present time, there 
are only one Cataloger and Classifier, 3 
Catalogers and 1 Reference Assistant, in 
addition to the First and Second Assist- 
ants, In other words only S persons have 
been recognized from a specialist's point 
of view at the fourth and fifth step level. 
Reference Librarian, a title which would 
be comparable to Children's Librarian in 
the other Division, has not been used at 
all. Yet within this same Division there 
are a number of persons who have passed 
the special Promotional Examinations re- 
quired for their Department. They are ap- 
plying and using that knowledge in their 
everyday work just as those in Children's 
work are. Within the framework of the 
present promotional system in effect in 
the Division, they have only a faint ray 
of hope of ever advancing beyond the 


general assistant status. A survey shows 
that all titular positions within the Di- 
vision are filled with comparatively young 
persons who have many years of service yet 
to offer the Library, Cannot some consid- 
eration be given by the Administration to 
the opening up of the positions of Refer- 
ence Librarian and Reference Assistant 
within the Departments of the Division of 
Reference and Research Services first , so 
that persons who are now at the general 
assistant level and who have demonstrated 
their interest in the Library and also a 
knowledge of a special subject field by 
taking and passing the required Promotion- 
al Examinations could hope for some recog- 
nition of their accomplishment and of the 
fact that they too are interested in the 
future of the Library and the service it 
renders at the adult level. 

Children's Librarians have received such 
a degree of recognition, professionally 
and financially. 

These same general assistants, in some 
cases, are the ones who are placed at a 
further disadvantage under the new point 
system for promotion. They entered the 
service of the Library during the period 
1935-19U3 approximately when higher educa- 
tion was not a minimum requirement for 
entrance into the professional service. 
Their points for years of service will 
never offset the twenty points a college 
graduate automatically receives on en- 
trance into the service of the Library, 
all other factors being equal. 


Dear Editor: 

As a member of the staff of the Boston 
Public Library, I vash to protest against 
the wording of a few of the questions sub- 
mitted to Mr Lord for reading and discus- 
sion at the staff m.eetings. It is all 
right to ask the purpose of the staff 
meetings, if a member of the staff cannot 
figure it out for him or herself. How- 
ever, there should be a courteous way of 
presenting the question and not in the 
flip way it was worded, J'luch may be 
gained by questions and answers, if good 
manners are displayed towards fellow mem- 
bers of the staf:?, towards nev/ members, 
towards chiefs of departments and towards 
the Director, 

Dear Editor: 

I am one of the Quarter Century Oldsters 
who bl.ushed with shame at the questions 
that Mr Lord read at the opening of the 
recent meeting. Why should anyone who is 
employed under such a leadership, one who 
sees and plans farther than we realize for 
the good of all of us, vent their caustic 
and unjust criticisms in such a rude and 
undignified manner? We are "People of 
good will" as intimated in his comments, 
and en.-^aged in helping people find books 
and information in many parts of our large 
city. Can the Staff Association find 
some means of combating and eradicating 
the persons who are so disloyal to our 
Chief? In national circles such criticism 
is investigated by F,B,I. ? What can we 
do to stop it? 

To the Soap Box: 

As a member of the professional staff of 
the Boston Public Library, I would like to 
publicly make a personal protest concern- 
ing the tone of some of the anonymous 
queries which were presented to the 
Director, and by him to the staff for con- 
sideration, at our last series of staff 
meetings. We are supposedly mature, edu- 
cated adults spending the major portion of 
our working hours together. It seems in- 
excusable that any staff member sho\ald 
feel called upon to address any other staff 
member the disrespect and discourtesy 
displayed in some of the questions read at 
those meetings. Although many of the ideas 
expressed were perfectly logical and suit- 
able for discussion, the manner and tone 
in which they were couched reflected dis- 
credit on the entire staff. Those of us 
who sat quietly by and let such letters be 
read without protest should share with the 
persons who wrote them a sense of shame, 
to be forced to admit that any member of 
our staff would address another staff mem- 
ber, irrespective of who that member is, 
with such a lack of good breeding, I am 
in no way "championing Mr Lord's cause^' - 
in this case, Mr Lord does not have a 
"cause," nor does he need "championing," 
He is quite able to take card of himself, 
as evidenced by the manner in #iich he 
handled the questions which were so impu- 
dently worded. Had the questions been 
signed, the writers alone would bear the 
blame, being anonymous the whole staff, 


in a sense, shares the shame and the blamei permission. Since that time it has been 

Let us have staff meetings I Let us have 
questions; even anonymous ones I Let us 
even "blow off steamt" But let us not 
lose OUT sense of dignity and throw to the 
vrinds our professional and personal cour- 
tesy without which our dwelling together 
in peace and harmony would be farther from 
attainment than it is at present. 

E. G. P. 

Dear Soap Box Editor: 

An anonymous v/riter raised questions in 
the Soap Box last month v/hich had been 
satisfactorily answered for the branch 
system in the Office of the Supervisor of 
Branches long years ago livhen there vras 
such an office and such a title. 

V/hen the filing system was installed in 
the Office of the Supervisor of Branches, 
at the time that office vrats reorganized 
by Miss Edith Guerrier in the early tvren- 
ties, it was a subject file vri-th a copy of 
the subject headings kept in the front of 
the first file drawer, A copy of the sub- 
ject headings \ias on file at each branch 
library so that files throughout the 
branch system could be uniform. Each no- 
tice sent out by the Supervisor of 
Branches had in the upper right-hand cor- 
ner the subject under which the notice was 
to be filed at the branch library, as viell 
as a number. These numbers ran consecu- 
tively during each calendar year, the first 
notice sent out each January being given 
number 1. A card index, by subjects, was 
kept of these notices. At the end of each 
year a typev/ritten copy of the index for 
that year \7as made and put into a volume 
with the notices, so that they could be 
referred to readily. The cards were then 
interfiled with those for previous years 
to make a cumulative card index of notices. 

Following the same subject file index 
which was in use for the regular corre- 
spondence files, a card index of all so- 
called "official" notices was brought into 
being for all notices from the Director on 
file up to that time. Then each notice as 
it was received, while it was filed chron- 
ologically in a separate folder for each 
calendar year, was entered by subject on 
the proper card. Yi/hen I was transferred 
to the Office of Records, Files, Statis- 
tics, a copy of this file was made, with 

kept-up-to-date here as, I assume, the 
original one has been. The index to of- 
ficial notices may be inspected in this 
office at any time. 

Office of Records, Files, Statistics 


Last month we flashed the news that Miss 
Alice M.Jordan, Supervisor of Work mth 
Children, Emeritus , had received -i^iSO for 
correctly ansv/ering a Tello-test question. 

This raonth we are happy to pass on the 
information that Miss Jordan shared her 
good fortune vdth us by making a sub- 
stantial contribution to CARE through the 
Boston Public Library Professional Staff 
Association. Our sincere thanks to Miss 

An exliibit of books and plates on 
"Gardens in the Spring", arranged by the 
Exhibits Office of the Boston Public Li- 
brary, was a feature of the Book Fair held 
at Boston University School of Education, 
Saturday, May 12. 

Books lent from the Young People's Room 
formed part of the exhibit in connection 
with nevf book lists prepared by various 

Miss Elizabeth M, Gordon, Deputy Super- 
visor in Charge of Work with Children, was 
one of the hostesses pouring during coffee 
hour which preceded the program. 

On May Ik, 1951, Dr Harald Bohnn, Li- 
brarian at the Royal Library, Stockholm, 
Sweden, visited Central Library. 




Published by the Boston Public Library Professional Staff Association 

Voliime VI, Number 6 

June 1951 

Publications Committee: Geraldine M. Altman, Ruth S, Cannell, Mary F. Daly, Thomas 

J. Manning, Beryl Y* Robinson, Martin F» Waters, Louisa S. 
Metcalf, Chairman 

Publication date : 
The fifteenth of each month 

Deadline for submitting material ! 
The tenth of each month 


The successful Staff Association spon- 
sored workshops just ended, and the ap- 
proaching Summer Institute at Simmons 
College, offer to librarians of this area 
an unusual opportunity for professional 
stimulus, designed as they have been to 
meet specific needs of the participants. 
Because of the formidable amount of time, 
planning, and thou^t which go into such 
undertakings these initial ventures re- 
quire our wholehearted support to justify 
the undertaking of similar activities in 
the future. As the findings of the Public 
Library Inquiry emphasized the need for 
trained, professionally alert personnel, 
if the library is to be recognized as a 
vital force in adult education, the need 
for such training programs is apparent, 
whereby members of the profession may keep 
abreast of new developments and techniques 
in their fields. The need is further sug- 
gested by the highly significant report on 
the recent Conference on Reading Develop- 
ment of the American Book Publishers 
Council, in which ten of the country's 
leading specialists in communications and 
mass media discussed with book publishers, 
and members of the Committee on Reading 
Development, the critical plight of book 
publishing today, and considered the role 
of the serious book in the social process. 
Among the major recommendations made by 
the members of the Conference were studies 
of national and regional reading habits, 
including an inquiry into reasons behind 
the aversion in v/hich book reading is held 
by a sizeable proportion of the American 
public. Implicit in this report is the 
role the informed librarian can play in 
assisting the book industry in the pro- 
posed survey with his guidance and advice, 
and in promoting and improving reading 


June lU BPLPSA dinner meeting at the 

Charles Hayden Memorial Library, 


June 18-21 Special Libraries Association 
Ann\ial Convention, St. Paul, 

June 18-22 Simmons College School of 

Library Science Summer Institute, 
Simmons College. Theme: The 
Public Library as an Agency in 
Adult Education. 

June 25-28 American Association of Law 
Libraries, Annual Conference, 
Copley Plaza Hotel, Boston, 

July 8-lU American Library Association 
Annual Conference, Chicago, 
Illinois . 

New Staff Members 

Miss Veronica T. Yotts, Charlestown 
Branch Library (formerly part-time at 
South Boston Branch Library). 

Miss Isabella C. Elder, Kirstein Busi- 
ness Branch. 

Mr Donold M. Kos low, Kirstein Business 

Mss Ruth E. Winn, Uphams Corner Branch 


Miss Joan J, Pollard, Lower Mills Branch 
Library to the Bookmobile, 

Mrs Dorothy Rosen, Charlestown Branch 
Library to Lower Mils Branch Library. 



Mrs Fern S. Ingersoll, Jeffries Point 
Branch Library, to travel in Europe with 
her husband. 

Mrs Jane B. Lacy, Rare Book Department, 
to travel in Europe with her husband. 

Mrs Arlene W, Mullin, West End Branch 
Library, to live in North Middleboro, 
Massachusetts, where her husband has been 
assigned to a chiirch. 

Mrs Virginia B, Reusch, General Reference 
Department, to live in Cleveland, Ohio, 
where her husband vdll be on the house 
staff of the University Hospitals. 

Mrs Mary L. Sands, Fine Arta Department, 
to remain at home. 

Miss Mary Jo Bradley, Cataloging and 
Classification Department, Division of 
Reference and Research Services, to fir 
John Dowd of Charlestown. Mr Dowd is, at 
present, serving with the U. S. Marine 


On Sunday afternoon, May 20, Miss 
Josephine DeLuca, Registration Department, 
became the bride of Mr Clyde G. Carter, in 
St. Mary's Church, Boston. 

The bride wore an ivory taffeta-faille 
gown, embroidered with silver threads, and 
a finger-tip illusion veil. She carried a 
prayer-book, covered with glamellias, and 
trailing stephanotis and lilies-of-the- 

Her matron of honor was gowned in 
American Beauty rose, and carried Japanese 
Iris, and snapdragons in varying shades of 

Following a reception at Nino Biagi's, 
the newlyweds left for a motor tour of the 

A shov/er was given for JJiss Helen 
Maguire, Book Stack Service, by her 
friends, in the Women's Lounge, on Thurs- 
day evening, May 21;. She was presented 
with a spring corsage and an array of 
beautiful gifts. 

On Tuesday evening. May 9j Miss Mary 

McDonough, Book Preparation Department, 
and Mrs Santa Koster, Book Stack Service, 
were guests at a dinner party given by a 
group of their friends at the home of 
Miss Anna Manning, Teachers Department. 
The occasion was in honor of their ex- 
tended vacations. Miss McDonough to tour 
Europe for twelve weeks— Mrs Koster to 
take an automobile trip to the West Coast. 
Mrs Koster was presented mth a travelling 
clock and colored films, and Miss MoDonou^ 
a shoulder bag. 

Members of the staff of the Book Prepara- 
tion Department gave a bon voyage luncheon 
in honor of their chief. Miss Mary 
I-fcDonough, on Thursday, June 9, at Novack's 
in Brookline. liliss McDonough was presented 
with a travelling clock as a farewell gift. 

On Thursday noon, June 7, Mrs Janet 
Quint was the guest of honor at a fare- 
well luncheon given for her at the Tovm 
Room, Copley Plaza, by the staff of the 
Open Shelf Department, and Mrs Muriel C, 
Javelin and Mss Anne L. Moore, former 
members of the department. Mrs Quint 
graduated from Simmons College in June 
and -vail join her husband in El Paso, 
Texas, where he is stationed at Fort 
Bliss. She has accepted a position in the 
El Paso Public Library. 

The Toll House, Vfliitman, via.s the scene 
of a gay party on Saturday, June 9, when 
forty friends and library associates 
gathered to pay honor to Miss flargaret 
Calnan, Branch Librarian, Connolly Branch 
Library, \7hose marriage to Mr Harold 
Donahue is to take place July 7, 19^1 • 
One of the pleasant features of the occa- 
sion was the opportunity to welcome sev- 
eral retired members of the group, the 
Misses Edith Guerrier, M. Florence C\ifflin, 
Katherine S. Rogan, Rebecca E. Willis, and 
Mary M, Sullivan, The Branch Librarians, 
active and retired, were joined by other 
members of the staff whose work brings 
them in contact with work in branch li- 
braries. At the conclusion of the lionch- 
eon, Mrs Ada A, Andelman, Supervisor of 
Home Reading and Community Services, 


presented Miss Calnan a small token 
of appreciation, on behalf of the group, 

E. G. P, 

Mrs Fern S. Ingersoll was given a fare- 
well party by the staff of the Jeffries 
Point Branch Library on Wednesday evening, 
June 6. Mrs Ingersoll has resigned from 
the Library to travel in Europe for an 
indefinite period. She and her husband 
are sailing on the Samaria from Quebec on 
June 27. 

The staff of the Personnel Office en- 
tertained Miss Berit Larabertsen at the 
Meadov/s in Framingham on Friday evening, 
May 25, 19$1. Miss Lambertsen who has 
been observing in the Boston Public Li- 
brary since September 19^0 completed her 
work and observation in the Library on 
June 1, 1951. She is sailing for her 
home in Bergen, Norway on July 10, 195l» 

On Friday evening, June 1, 1951, li- 
brary friends of Miss Anne Moore, Office 
of the Division of Home Reading and Com- 
munity Services, gathered at the home of 
Mrs Margaret M, Morrissey, Book Purchasing 
Department, for a surprise shovrer for 
Anne who is being married on July 2, 1951 
to Mr Paul J. Dolan. Anne received many 
lovely and useful gifts and the hostesses, 
Mrs Morrissey, Ifrs Mary D, Farrell, and 
Mrs Edna M, Yfollent, served refreshments. 

On Monday, June 11, Mrs Mary F. Nagle, 
Office of Records, Files, Statistics, was 
guest of honor at a luncheon at the Town 
Room, Copley Plaza. Mrs Nagle, whose 
leave of absence begins on June 19 > takes 
with her the best wishes of all her many 
friends in the Libraryc She will be 
particularly missed by the Publications 
Committee because of her excellent work 
in cutting stencils for The Question Mark . 


Congratulations to Mr Leo J. Hines, 
formerly of the Open Shelf Department, on 
being awarded third prize in the National 
Catholic Theatre Conference Contest for 
his play lHarle Antoinette . Mr Hines re- 
signed from the service Hay 15 • 

Mr and Itrs Francis Cronin announce the 
birth of a daughter, Patricia Ann, on May 
31, 1951. Mrs Cronin was the former 
Victoria Venezia and was on the staff of 
the Book Purchasing Departments 


Mr R. H. Blackburn, Assistant Librarian, 
University of Toronto. 

Dr Fritz Moser, Dezernat Lituatur, Der 
Senator fiir Volksbildung, Berlino 



Miss Rosalie Lang, History Department, 
sailed from New York on the Veendam, June 
8, for a motor and bicycle tour of England, 
Scotland and Ireland. 


Miss Mary M. McDonough, Book Preparation 
Department, sailed from New York on the 
Britannic, June 13, for a twelve weeks 
trip to Europe. ?Jhile abroad she vdll 
visit relatives in Ireland, 


Miss Emilia Lange, General Reference 
Department, after an eight weeks tour of 
Europe • 

Mrs Pauline F. Vinci, Office of the 
Division of Home Reading and Community 
Services, after a six months maternity 



The May business meeting held on Friday, 
May l8th, was well attended considering 
the full calendar of meetings during the 
month of May, It was unfortunate that it 
coincided with the MLA meetings in Spring- 
field but it was unavoidable since to 
comply with the constitution there were 
only two choices of dates, the 18 th and 
the 2$th, and the general meeting of the 
Workshop was already scheduled for the 
25th. The final reports of three special 
committees v;ere read and accepted; the 
In-service Training Committee, Mr 
Bradford Hill, chairman; The Personnel 
Service Ratings Committee, Miss Alice 
Hackett, chairman; and the Bertha V, 
Hartzell Memorial Committee, Mrs 
Geraldine Beck, chairman. All these re- 
ports are representative of a great deal 
of work on the part of these chairmen and 
their committees, and we ire grateful for 
the effort expended in behalf of all our 

The question of increasing the amount 
of CARE money to be spent for books to 
include the UNESCO Children's Book Fund, 
was thoroughly debated. It was decided 
that the amount established by the 19h9 
poll— 75^ for food and 2$% for books- 
should be continued and that the CARE 
Committee should make a separate project 
of sending children's books to which con- 
tributions could be made by members 
particularly concerned with this activity. 

There was little discussion regarding 
the possible contribution by the staff 
towards a written statement of objectives 
for the Boston Public Library but it is 
hoped that comments will be forwarded to 
the Executive Board by those interested 
in seeing such a statement become a 

The need for increased dues was clearly 
evident from the figures quoted by Mr 
Gillis, the treasurer. It is an item 
which the Constitution Committee will 
have to consider in preparation for the 
required action by the membership. Care- 
ful thinking as to just v;hat the develop- 
ment of the Association is to be should 
precede any action in this matter. 

A small but appreciative group of Asso- 
ciation members enjoyed a night at Pops 

on Tuesday, June 5th, vihen an unusually 
good program was presented. Sixty-one 
tickets vrere sold ivhich brought a welcome 
if modest profit to the treasury. 

With the final general meeting of the 
Workshop groups and coffee hour held on 
Friday, May 25th, the in-service training 
project for this year was brought to a 
pleasant and successful conclusion. The 
excellent reports given so ably by the 
group chairmen indicated the diligence and 
enthusiasm of the participants. Mss 
Evelyn Levy as coordinator and Mrs Irene 
Tuttle as chairman, as ivell as their com- 
mittees are to be congratulated on the 
fine program offered from which not only 
our own staff members benefited but other 
librarians in the greater Boston area. 

Those viho joined the First Nighters Club 
which the Association sponsored last year 
have received notices regarding renewals. 
We have been informed that individuals are 
to send in their oivn renewals this year. 
Each member may invite a friend to join at 
this time which will be the only opportun- 
ity for new subscriptions. Please let 
your representative know if you would like 
to share your subscription with someone 
who may be interested. 

The Association will be represented by 
five delegates at the SORT annual business 
meeting at the ALA conference in Chicago. 
These delegates will be empowered to vote 
and will help man the SORT Exhibit Booth. 
The CARE scrap book will be on display 
and sample copies of the Question liark 
will be made available for distribution. 

The members of the Nominating Committee 
for 1951 are: 

Mr Thomas I&nning, Chairman, Exhibits 

Jilrs Geraldine Altraan, Jamaica Plain 
Branch Library. 

Miss Mary Cahill, Book Purchasing Depart- 


Miss Mildred Kaufman, Mattapan Branch 

Miss Patricia Tuley, Book Preparation 

P. A. W. 


Albert H. Wiggin 
February 21, 1868 - May 21, 1951 

On May 21, 19^1, Mr Albert H. Wiggin, 
donor of the Albert H, Wiggin Collection 
of Prints, Drawings and Books in the 
Boston Public Library, passed amay, with- 
in a few weeks of the tenth anniversary 
of the opening of the Collection to the 
public, on June li|, 19lil. He has given 
immeasureable aid to artists, connois- 
seurs and laymen through this remarkable 
collection, and his loss will be keenly 
felt by his many friends in international 
print circles. 

It was in 1935 that the Trustees of the 
Boston Public Library voted to express 
their interest in the possibility of ac- 
cepting the Albert H. Wiggin Collection, 
although it was not until 19Ul that it 
was formally inaugurated. The Albert H. 
Wiggin Gallery at this time instituted 
its important work of exhibiting especial- 
ly chosen items from the Collection, and 
the Study Room was opened to students and 
interested persons who need specific in- 
formation concerning the graphic arts. 

The many exhibitions lent to museums 
and colleges from coast to coast, the 
Print Department's lecture program, and 
the service rendered to visitors from 
both here and abroad, have given proof 
that this is a woiicing Collection. It 
has served the print world in the organ- 
ization of travelling exhibitions and the 
completion of various catalogues. The 
Department has also advised collectors 
and instituted an educational program for 
professional artists and students. All 
this has been made possible by the fore- 
sight of Mr Wiggin in collecting so wise- 
ly with the educational values of his 
collection ever in mind. 

Mr and Mrs Wiggin visited the depart- 
ment on several occasions in spite of Vir 
Wiggin's poor health. His interest in 
the collection was unfailing throughout 

the ten years that it has been in the 
Boston Public Library, and he has added 
greatly to its vrealth through his innumei>- 
able gifts. 


Mr Arthur W. Heintzelraan, N.A., Keeper 
of Prints, was interviewed by Bill Hahn, 
on WNAC-TV, Friday, June 8, at 12.30 p.m. 
On this telecast the current exhibition on 
the bimilleniiora of Paris and the tenth 
anniversary of the Wiggin Print collection 
were stressed. Mr Heintzelman showed ten 
prints of the City of Paris from the cur- 
rent exhibition at the Library. 


Mr Bradford H. Hill, Chief of the 
Periodical and Newspaper Department, spoke 
to the North Shore Library Club, at its 
meeting at the Winthrop Public Library, 
j June 7, on "Periodicals for a Public 
Library." His talk stressed 12 points on 
which the selection of periodicals should 
be based and at the request of one of the 
members a basic list of periodicals was 


The Spring meeting was held on May 2Uj 
1951 at the Fitchburg Youth Library, 
Fitchburg, Despite a driving rain, 75 
members were present. 

Guests of honor at the luncheon were 
Miss Alice M, Jordan, Supervisor of Work 
with Children, Emeritus, Boston Public 
Library and !Jiss Bertha TJIahony Miller of 
the Horn Book . 

Members had an opportunity to explore 
the facilities which this beautiful new 
contemporary library offers its young 
patrons, including a record listening room, 
garden area for v;arm weather reading, and 
a sizeable modern lecture hall — ^movie 
theatre which also provides mid-day tele- 
vision programs for adults. 

The following officers were elected to 
serve for a period of tv/o years: 


Chairman, Miss Pauline Winnick, Chil- 
dren's Librarian, Codman Square Branch, 
Boston Public Library; Secretary, Miss 
Hester L. Mitchell, Children's Librarian, 
Parlin Memorial Library, Everettj Treas- 
urer, Miss Charlotte S. Nye, Children's 
Supervisor, Nev; Bedford Free Library. 


A meeting of the New England Unit of 
the Catholic Library Association was held 
at Providence College, Saturday, May 19, 

Following an address of welcome by the 
President, Very Reverend Robert J. 
Slavin, O.P,, the Librarian of Providence 
College, Rev. Francis J. Fanning, O.P, 
introduced Mr Albert Daub of Stechert- 
Hafner, Inc., who described methods and 
processes of ordering foreign books and 
periodicals, Sr. Joan Patricia, Librar- 
ian of Regis College, followed with an 
interesting tal, on A Treasury for the 
college student. The "Treasury" consists 
of Mother Goose rhymes, myths, legends, 
and fairy tales which most children read 
in their first years of library member- 
ship, and the relation of this reading 
to history, poetry, and general and 
classical literature in later college 

After l-uncheon, Mr Clarence Sherman, 
Librarian of the Providence Public Li- 
brary talked on Library trends in theory 
and practice. He touched on the current 
question of the effect of TV on reading, 
and pointed out that in 192U, librarians 
were asking, What will be the effect of 
radio on reading? Mr. Sherman spoke of 
the new library which is in progress, of 
overcrowded conditions and the problems 
of book storage, all subjects of particu- 
lar interest to the members of the staff 
of the Boston Public Library present. 

Mr Paul Van K. Thomson, Instructor at 
Providence College chose as his topic. 
The Library as a classroom. A former 
navy chaplain, and recreational officer, 
Mr Thomson told some entertaining stories 
of reading among service men. He em- 
phasized that the teacher may stimulate 
students to read, but it is the respon- 
sibility of the librarian to satisfy 
their desire for further reading. 

At the Business meeting which followed. 

Mr John O'Loughlin, of Boston College, the 
Chairman resigned, in order to devote all 
of his time to the Catholic Library Asso- 
ciation to which he has recently been 
elected National President. Rev, John A. 
Broderick of Creagh Research Library of 
St, John's Seminary was elected Chairman, 
Mr Thomas V. Reiners, of Boston College, 
Vice-Chairman, Miss Anna L. Manning, 
Boston Public Library, Secretary-Treasurer, 
Rev. Ernest A. Hogan, O.P., of Providence 
College, Mrs Marguerite S. Lechiario, 
Cambridge Public Library and Sr. Joan 
Patricia, Regis College, were elected as a 
Board of Directors. 

A. L. M. 


The Boston Regional Group of Catalogers 
and Classifiers held its Spring Meeting on 
May 3rd at the Boston Public Library. 

A coffee hour was enjoyed in the Staff 
Lounge before the meeting in the Lecture 
Hall. The Catalog Department of both the 
Division of Reference and Research Services 
and the Division of Home Reading and 
Community Services were open for inspection 
by members of the visiting group. 

The business meeting was held at 8:00, 
followed by a Panel discussion on 
"Reference Use of Subject Headings", The 
speakers weres Miss Lucille Wickersham, 
The City Library Association, Springfield; 
Miss Margaret Hazen, Ifeissachusetts Insti- 
tute of Technology; JUss Helen E. Honey, 
Harvard University and Miss Jeanette 
Hitchcock, Yale University, Miss Ruth 
Leonard of Simmons College served as 


A collection of over 700 books on base- 
ball has been presented to the Library by 
Mr Lou Perrini, one of the owners of the 
Boston Braves. The gift was accepted in a 
brief, formal ceremony, Jfey 31^ by Mr Lee 
Friedman, President of the Board of 
Trustees, on behalf of the Library. 

The gift comes at a particularly 


appropriate time as this year marks the 
75th anniversary of the National League* 
The collection includes copies of the new 
Official National League History and 
twenty-three other titles of books about 
the national sport, its history and nota- 
ble players. Copies of each title will 
be placed in the Branch Libraries and the 



Following a recommendation from the 
Board of Trustees, and approval by His 
Honor the Mayor, there -vras recently ap- 
proved by the City Council a transfer of 
funds which will make it possible to keep 
open, for a period of a year follo\¥ing 
the opening of the new Adams Street 
Branch Library, the present temporary 
quarters in which is housed the Neponset 
Branch Library. During this period there 
will be assembled adequate data to show 
whether or not there v;ill still be need 
for branch library service from the 
present temporary Neponset Branch Library 
quarters as well as from the new perma- 
nent quarters in the Adams Street Branch 
Library. Inasmuch as the above action 
will prevent the transferring of the book 
stock from the Neponset Branch Library to 
the new quarters, it will not be possible 
to open the Adams Street Branch Library 
as early as had originally been planned. 
Opening will thus be delayed probably 
until September, by which time it will 
have been possible to acquire and process 
books which will be needed for the Adams 
Street Branch Library. 


Plans are afoot to purchase a second 
Bookmobile. It is expected that the new 
Bookmobile will be ready for delivery in 
September of this year^ 


The final General Meeting of the Work- 

in the Lecture Hall 6n Friday morning, 
Ifey 25* Miss Evelyn Levy, Coordinator of 
the Workshop, opened the program by ex- 
pressing her appreciation and gratitude to 
the many people who contributed in helping 
to make the experiment and experience of 
this Workshop a success : the Trustees and 
the Director, Mr Milton E^ Lord, Miss 
Sarah M. Usher, Chief, Records, Files and 
Statistics, Mr William' B, Gallagher, Chief 
of the Printing Department as well as the 
many department heads, consultants, the 
Pre-planning and Planning Committees, and 
staff members throughout the system. Miss 
Levy then turned the meeting over to Mrs 
Irene H. Tut tie. Chairman of the Planning 
Committee and Chairman of the last General 

While excellent outside speakers were 
featured at the first three general meet- 
ings, the last one was devoted entirely to 
the final reports of the individual groups. 
There have been six groups in all, repre- 
senting participants of varied ranks and 
experience, averaging fourteen to a group, 
holding weekly tyro-hour meetings, March 
through May. The Workshop has been self- 
supporting, with a total number of one 
hundred and fifty-six: one hundred and 
tvro from the Boston Public Library and 
fifty-four from outside libraries, public, 
college, and special. There have been 
eighty-eight participants in the workshop 
groups besides sixty-eight observers at 
the General Meetings. The five subject 
areas discussed, with emphasis on tech- 
niques and methods rather than subject 
fields were. Staff knov;ledge and evalua- 
tion of books for use vath the public. 

with Miss Ollie Partridge, Open Shelf Room, 
chairman of one group, and Mr Paul Moyni- 
han. General Reference Department, chair- 
man of the second group working in the 
same subject area; Mrs Ifery Obear, Uphams 
Corner Branch Library, chairman of the 
group working on the Development of book 
lists and their use ; Miss I/Iartha Engler, 
South End Branch Library-, chairman of the 
group on Book talks for children and/or 
adults ; Mirs Veronica Lehane, Memorial 
Branch Library, recorder of the group on 
Reviewing and selection of books for young 

people (age lU-l8) j and Miss Lorraine 
Tolman, Boston University School of Educa- 
tion Library, Acting-chairman of the group 
on the Evaluation and use of pamphlet 
material and periodical literature * 


The follgvnn^g, k)ch\hv[i'i'h^ briefest' 
resumes of the' ;^ finding^ fSconuneMatlons'j'' 
.and accomplishineni's' of the val^ious 'gr^oilpff 
since the detaiiisd reports liiky be pW- ' 
cured by applying td/ Miss'Ev'elyft LeVjry' 
Jeffries Point Brahc'h:-. ■Ten' deritis •Will" 
purchase ALL si^ reports. 

Group I» Staff knowledge and evaluation 

'■vJ ' 

''••'' find- 

of books for use with the public / Both 
sections of this group offered practical 
suggestions as to methods by which the 
staff can be encouraged and aided in a . 
knowledge of books. Some of the methods 
suggested by Mr Moynihan's group were 
shelf-reading, condemning and verifying 
shelves. Staff members could be respon- 
sible for specific sections in ordering 
and planning for replacements, and so 
familiarize themselves with the material 
in these fields. This group stressed the 
value of annotations and practiced writ- 
ing ideal annotations. It was interest- 
ing to note two different approaches and 
points of view dealing with the same sub- 
ject. Miss Partridge's group emphasized 
workable policies of book selection, with 
division of labor, such as each staff 
member being responsible for one particu- 
lar commercial reviewing periodical. 
Other suggestions were that at monthly 
staff meetings, each member might present 
brief reviews or critical annotations of 
several new books on the subject of the 
individual's interest or specialization. 
Lists of books in various fields could be 
made and other bibliographies checked in 
order to strengthen weaknesses. The 
staff should be able to handle the new 
non-fiction and scan the table of con- 
tents, index, preface and introduction. 
Development of rapid reading techniques 
was urged. Both groups felt that first- 
hand knowledge of books is a "sine qua 
non" in giving the ultimate in service to 
'bDrrowers — Miss Partridge's group feeling 
that, \rtiile reviews could be relied upon 
for non-fiction, there was no substitute 
for reading fiction. Both sections 
stressed the need for being alert to all 
media of public relations, and enphasized 
the in^jortance of librarians being active 
in clubs, churches, and groups in their 

Group II, Development of book lists 
and togir us6S « Realizing the vglue to 
reader arid library of book lists, this 
group had concrete experience in making 
out various types of book lists, annotated 

■•'UnaMoiatfedi-i'One.'of their chief., 
rec^&nmei'idktions was. the acquisition of a-, 
depositK:>'ry,;f:^e' of jnra-nted lists from- ■; ■_[ 
otMi-'librariee, to' be kept in the Readfe'y»^s 
AdVis^r'^s' office* Another recommendation 
had to- dO' iNith glartorizing and enlivening 
Bookg Current- in title,, f ormat>.: arrange^ 

ment and subject matter, as welJL as •haying 
separate book lists for children and for 
young people, each written in a catchy, 
informal style. Book lists, it was felt, 
play an important part in library publici- 
ty and public relations. 

Group III. Book talks for children and/ 
or adults. The techniques of preparation. 

organization, and delivery were thoroughly 
studied as well as the desired results of 
book talks. Theory was then dynamicalljf 
put into action when each member was re- 
quired to give a sample talk which varied 
with the personality of the Speaker in his 
choice of talk, based on background gnd.. 
interest of the groups addressed, e«g,, a • 
religious group, a social group, a literary 
group, a foreign group, a young people's 
group, children's groups, a women's., club. 
While the members realized that only pra.c- 
tice Ydll make them more facile and adept 
in this skill, they have acquired a solid 
foundation of poise and confidence, *.,",;'; 

Group IV, In Reviewing and selectibn of 
books for young people (11|-15) , many pfer- 

tinent factors were considered such as . 
environment, educational level of group) 
types of books, and purpose or rea.ding, 
but the main accomplishment of the'groT^ 
will be a projected list ,pf about four 
hundred books, culled from material writ- 
ten within: the last five years. It .will 
be attractive in format, illustrated with 
publishers' cuts, designed ortly for lei- 
sure reading to supplement the required 
book report lists. The titles included 
will be approximately seventy per cent 
adult books and thirty per cent juvenile, 
with thirty per cent fiction and s,,e.Y^nty 
per cent non-fiction. Because, as ye^t^ 
the Library does not have young people's 
librarians or readers' advisers, and in 
most cases no special rooms or even sec- 
tions for this important but drifting seg- 
ment of our public, the list should be of 
great value to the staff, especially those 
who have but little. acquaintance with the 
background and reading habits of young 
people. The Committee hopes to have the 
list ready by September, 


Group V. Evaluation and use of pamphlet 
material and periodical literature . This 
group concentrated on pamphlet material, 
feeling that it was of sufficient value 
and scope in its own right, although they 
did visit Mr Bradford Hill, chief of the 
Periodical Department, surveyed briefly 
the workings of his department, and mar- 
velled at the use made of micro-films. 
The group discovered, through a question- 
naire sent to libraries in Boston and 
vicinity, that there was a great awareness 
of pamphlets and their importance, as vrell 
as the necessity for staff knowledge con- 
cerning their use. Several ways were sug- 
gested for wider dissemination of pamphlet 
material: placing them in pamphlet boxes 
at the end of pertinent subject matter; 
placing them on the shelves in covers in 
their proper Dewey Decimal locations, or 
placing them on racks. The important fact 
stressed was to get them out of the tradi- 
tional vertical files. Pamphlets should 
be readily accessible to the public. Of 
course, the development of pamphlet mate- 
rial would depend on the individual needs 
of the library: its staff, budget, pa- 
trons. The group has made a list of 
sources of pamphlet material and also a 
bibliography on the subject. 

Obviously, the vrorkshop has meant many 
things to many people. Perhaps its chief 
value lies in its relevancy, its direct, 
down-to-earth attack and concrete treat- 
ment of problems with which all profes- 
sionally-minded people in the library 
world are concerned. Best of all, the 
groups have not only benefited directly as 
individuals, but have recorded step by 
step progress and recommendations v/hich 
lend themselves to wide application. 


The following members of the staff re- 
ceived their degrees from Simmons College 
School of Library Science in June. 


Education, Religion, Industry, Recrea- 
tion, and Arts and Crafts were represented 
at Boston's first Film Festival, held at 
the Copley Plaza Hotel on Saturday, Hfey 26, 
1951 • Under the auspices of the Film 
Council of Greater Boston, the program in- 
cluded a full day's series of film show- 
ings in eight screening rooms. Awards are 
to be presented to the producers of the 
best film in each section, as selected by 
the film audience. At the luncheon, Mr 
0. H. Coelln, Jr., Editor and Publisher of 
Business Screen Magazine , outlined briefly 
the history of the Film Council movement 
in the United States and then spoke of the 
problems and responsibilities v/hich are 
facing 16 mm film users whether in indus- 
try, education, religion, or other com- 
munity groups. He stressed the povrer of 
the motion picture as an educational medi- 
um, and the importance of the film in Civil 
Defense and in the training of armed forces. 
He urged improvement not only in the qual- 
ity of the film, but in the techniques of 
presentation and utilization. "Seek the 
nevj-," he challenged. "Don't be satisfied 
with things as they are," 

Mr John D. Bream, City Greeter, repre- 
senting the Honorable John B. Hynes, Mayor 
of Boston, presented the key of the City, 
in the form of a handsomely illustrated 
brochure, to the Council's President. 
Reverend Timothy F. O'Leary of the Depart- 
ment of Education, Archdiocese of Boston. 

The Boston Public Library is one of the 
sponsors of the Film Council of Greater 
Boston. Ifrs Muriel C. Javelin, Deputy 
Supervisor, in Charge of Work with Adults, 
is the Council's secretary© 

Miss Elizabeth M. Kaufman, Print Depart- 

Miss Helen Pappas, Information Office, 
Miss Adelaide Lockhart, General Refer- 
ence Department, 


Reisman, David. Bookworms and the social 

soil , Saturday Review of Literature, May 

■^7~195l, p. 7-8, 31-32. 

Berelson, Bernard. Who reads what and why . 

Saturday Review of Literature, May 12, 
I 1951, p. 7-8, 30-31. 

I Guinzburg, Harold K. Book publishing; a 
I dubious Utopia . Saturday Review of Lit- 
' erature. May 26, 19^1, p. 7-8, 39-l;l. 

Asheim, Lester. Book business looks at 

itself. Saturday Review of Literature, 


June 2, 195lj p. 18-19, 27-28, j libraries humanized, this is it. It is 

Several months ago social scientists andj too bad that this appears in a strictly 
publishers met together under the sponsoi^professional journal. How many people 

ship of the Committee on Reading Develop- 
ment of the American Book Publishers 
Council to discuss a question of mutual 
concern of, "In modem society what part 
does the book play for different individ- 
uals and for different groups in their 
daily lives?" The committee reached no 
conclusions but developed a number of 
hypotheses which it hoped would become 
the subject of further investigation. 
Such men as Harold Lassvrell, Robert Leigh, 
George Gallup, Clyde Hart, Robert Tyler 
and Theodore Waller, as well as many 
others participated. 

The four articles listed above were in- 
spired by the Conference, and were all 
written by men who participated in its 
considerations. In these articles, David 
Reisman thoughtfully examines some of the 
reading habits of the American people, 
Bernard Berelson and Harold Guinzburg 
write on the serious book and its rela- 
tions to society, and Lester Asheim sum- 
marizes the principal topics discussed at 
the Conference and sets forth some of the 
tentative conclusions. Some of the ideas 
are familiar, some are remote from li- 
brary work, but in general the four arti- 
cles provide a great deal of stimulating 
matter facilely presented on the problems 
of reader interests, book format, and 
content, competitors for leisure time 
activities, reading habits and so on, ex- 
plored primarily from the publisher's 
point of view but containing information 
thoroughly relevant to the librarian's 
Gondos, Victor Jr. Rec ords and fire pro- 

realize that a librarian's daily routine 
might entail checking under each reader's 
chair to see if a bomb had been left be- 
hind? A brief autobiographical note by a 
pre-eminent bookmaji. 

United Nations Educational, Scientific and 
Cultural Organization, Bulletin for 
libraries , 

This bi-lingual (French and English 
monthly) is now in its fifth year. Its 
annual subscription is .1>2.00. It has 
developed into a splendid tool for finding 
information about important publications, 
and for following libra ly and cultural 
developments of interest. It records 
items that might othen» be hard to 
track down. For example, the April, 19^1 
issue carries some 70 entries ranging from 
two paragraphs on the activities of the 
Director of the Institute of Manuscripts 
of the Arab League and the activities of 
the Library Division o f the Israeli Min- 
istry of Education to the availability of 
copies of the Cutter classification in un- 
collated signatures at the Forbes Library 
in Northampton, Massachusetts, Its arti- 
cles are "brief but it turns up very im- 
portant books in every field of interest 
at one time or another, 

J. M, C, 



Mrs Helen F, Hirson, Office of Division 
of Home Reading and Community Services, 
tection , American Archivist, April, 195lJ^^s invited to speak and to arrange a dis- 

This is an interesting and timely arti- 
cle giving bibliographical references as 
well as some factual data on the preser- 
vation of inflammable or highly perisha- 
ble material. With libraries handling 
films and records increasingly, the lit- 
erature cited has more than theoretical 
interest. The writer considers the every 
day problem of deterioration, the hidden 
menace of fire and the ultimate threat of 
a bombing, 

Esdaile, Arundel. Book men of the British 
Museum . Library Review, Summer, 1951, 
p, 90-96, 

For those who like their librarians and 

play of books for the 10th Annual Labor 
Institute of the Massachusetts Federation 
of Labor on June 9 at the Lowell Textile 
Institute, The theme of the Institute was 
Labor's Role in an Economy of Mobilization . 
Mrs Hirson prepared a mimeographed book- 
list for distribution on this theme and on 
the topics discussed by the other speakers. 

The Institute borrowed the Library's 
motion picture. With These Hands , the 
story of the International Ladies ' Garment 
Workers' Union, which vras shown on an 
evening program. 



American Library Association. Audio- 
Visual Board, 

The use of television by the public li- 
brary. Chicago, 19U9. Z717oA5 
Galvin, Hoyt R. 

Films in public libraries. Chicago, 
19U8. Z717.G3 
Klapper, Joseph T. 

The effects of mass media. New York, 
Bureau of Applied Social Research, 
Columbia University Press, 19U9. 
McDonald, Gerald C. 

(through the $0 year period following 1790, 
! their period of greatest development.. 
During that epoch the Boston Athenaeum was 

As early as 1827 individual towns of the 
CommomYealth began to vote for support of 
libraries by the tovm. The results of 
such a movement was the inception of free 
libraries open to all the community virith- 
out distinction. 

Mr Southworth cited the contribution of 
Boston to the groT/vth of the public library. 
He praised the high caliber of the civic 
leaders virho in the middle of the 19th 
century vrere responsible for free schools 
and v;ho worked for the maintenance of free 
public libraries^ 

Educational motion pictures and librar- 
ies. Chicago, American Library Associa-| Mr Southworth traced the history of The 

tion, 19U2r Z692.M9ia5 
Nunmaker, Frances G^ 

The library broadcasts. New York, 

H. W. Wilson Company, 19ii8. Z716.7.N8 
Rufsvold, Margaret I. 

Audio-visual school library service. 

Chicago, American Library Association, 

19l;9. Z717.R8 
Waldron, Gloria 

The information film. New York, 

Colvtmbia University Press, 19k9<> 

PN1995c9.l5W3 19U1 


The annual meeting was opened on the 
afternoon of May 17 by Miss Louise B. Day, 
President, in the auditorium of the Muse- 
um of Fine Arts in Springfield. The two- 
day meeting this year served also as the 
centennial celebration of The Massachu- 
setts Library Law of l85lo 

After greetings from Mr John A. Humphry, 
Librarian of the Springfield City Library 
Association, the Honorable Daniel B» 
Brunton, Mayor of Springfield, and Dr 
William B^ Kirkham, President of the 
Springfield City Library Association, Mr 
Stacy B, Southworth, Chairman of the 
Board of Free Public Library Commission- 
ers in Massachusetts, spoke on the histo- 
ry of public libraries in the Common- 

The early social library was cited by 
the speaker as the most important factor 
in the development of the modem public 
library. Mr Southworth traced the growth 
of the social libraries in Massachusetts 

Board of Free Public Library Commissioners, 
which came into existence by an act of the 
legislature in 1890 », Mention was made of 
the excellent survey of libraries in 
liassachusetts made under Mr Charles E. 
Tillinghast, first chairman of the Board. 
This survey, Mr Southvrorth considers, is 
still an authoritative handbook. From its 
inception the Board has particularly in- 
terested itself in encouraging and aiding 
small public libraries. The Board has 
continued to serve as dispenser of pro- 
fessional information to public libraries 
of Massachusetts, In 1919 the Board of 
Free Public Library Commissioners vras 
placed under the Jfessachusetts Department 
of Education, and the Division of Public 
Libraries was formed. The Division has 
already serviced the areas of Pittsfield, 
Greenfield, and Fall River vfith bookmo- 
biles, and plans are being considered for 
bookmobile service to two more areas, the 
Merrimac Valley and Cape Cod. Action on 
these plans is expected in 19^2. Mr 
Southvrorth mentioned the work of the 
Division's lending library of 87,000 vol- 
umes from vfhich all the public libraries 
in Massachusetts may borrow. Mention was 
made of the vrork of the Division in certi- 
fying Ifessachusetts librarians and the ex- 
cellent work of Mr Lord., our Director, and 
others who assisted in the work of certi- 

The Conway plan was alluded to and Mr 
Southworth expressed the hope that more 
public libraries in the Commonwealth would 
consider the advantages of consolidation 
of library services. 

Mr Southvrorth praised MIjA for its coop- 
eration with the Board of Library 


Conunissioners in obtaining needed legis- 
lation and appropriations from the State 
legislature. He urged the librarians of 
Massachusetts to imitate the faith and 
courage of their predecessors in provid- 
ing library service to the public. He 
said librarians are privileged to serve 
people in their higher levels of living. 

Paul Moynihan 


The second speaker, on Thursday after- 
noon, was Mr Denis Johnston, Florence 
Purington Visiting Lecturer in English, 
Mount Holyoke College, formerly a Direc- 
tor of the Dublin Gate Theatre. His sub- 
ject was Contemporary Irish Literature . 
Mr Johnston began his talk by reminding 
his listeners that Ireland has given to 
the world of her music, humor, charm and 
tragedy, and that our lives are richer 
because of her writers. He mentioned the 
close connection between Massachusetts 
and Ireland in his oi/vn life, and remarked 
that althougih he was bom in the present 
home town of the Book of Kells , it was 
only in Massachusetts that he v/as able to 
read its pages. He has been greatly im- 
pressed by the Irish collections in our 

In his brief survey of the contemporary 
poets, novelists, and dramatists, he dis 
cussed the differences between them and 
writers of thirty years ago. The present 
Gaelic writers are in the habit of asses- 
sing their work against the background of 
other Irish \\rriting, such as the works of 
Yeats, Synge, and Joyce. They are sensi- 
tive to criticism, frowning upon those 
who consider them quaint and amusing, and 
have no use for their compatriots who ex- 
pose their sore spots in periodicals 
abroad. ViHiile Mr Johnston declared that 
there has been some good poetry, he be- 
lieves that little significant drama has 
been published in the past fifteen years 
The greatest achievement has been in the 
form of the novel, and he cited among the 
outstanding contemporary novelists, Maura 
Laverty, Flann O'Brien, Liam 'Flaherty, 
and Frank O'Connor. He considers Frank 
O'Connor Ireland's greatest living 
writer, although he is not popular in his 
own country. Referring to the paucity of 
publishers at the present time in Ireland, 
he mentioned that there are but three 

revieivs which serve as media of expresssio 
for present day writers, The Dublin Maga- 
zine , The Envoy , and The Bell . " Vifhile Mr 
Johnston believes that Ireland is in a 
literary doldrums at the present time, 
compared with the renaissance of a fevi 
decades ago, he does not doubt but that 
she will once again produce great litera- 
ture in the future. 

Ollie Partridge 


Mr Emerson Greenaway, Director of the 
Enoch Pratt Library in Baltimore, was the 
speaker at the dinner meeting 7/hich Yras 
held at the Hotel Sheraton, on Thursday 
evening. May 17. His address, entitled 
"Looking Forward" was in recognition of 
the Centennial Celebration of the Massa- 
chusetts Library Lav/ of 1801. He began by 
speaking of his pleasant association with 
the staff of the Springfield library in 
the early years of his library career and 
then briefly outlined the cultural, social 
and economic conditions in America and in 
New England one hundred years afjo. 

The major part of his talk, ho^vever, was 
concerned v;ith the present and future and 
he spoke of the instability of the times 
in which -vTe live and the resulting need 
for a clearer view of and change in library 
work for the future. The Public Library 
Inquiry, he stated, gave librarians a 
chance for a soul searching in their field. 
The functions of the library, were pre- 
sented, in this inquiry, differently and 
challengingly. New forms of mass commun- 
ication must be reckoned v/ith and an ex- 
amination of the purpose of the library 
made. In considering new objectives for 
Enoch Pratt Library, lUr Greenavray empha- 
sized free service to all — children and 
adults, aid in the search for books for 
education and recreation, cooperations 
vath other agencies, sharing of ideas 
through institutes, film forums, etc., 
help in the continuous education of adults 
and in the personal development of all. 
Children and teen-agers, he emphasized, 
can be stimulated by careful book selec- 
tion, guidance, and the development of a 
love of reading which vri.ll aid in the 
growth of the child. Contacts v/ith 
schools and other agencies active in v7ork 
with children are valuable. 

As future plans for most libraries in 


the country are dependent on funds avail- 
able, two thirds of the libraries in the 
United States are not equipped to give li- 
brary service of high quality. Further- 
more, stimulating programs in libraries 
demand that staffs who run such programs 
be "tops" and to get people of this cali- 
ber library salary schedules must be real- 
istic. However, Mr Greenaway sees an up- 
ward trend in sums allocated to libraries 
and he paid tribute to Mr Lord and the 
Boston Public Library for the position 
Boston holds throughout the country in ob- 
taining increased appropriations for the 
last five years. He reminded his listen- 
ers that inflation wipes out fiscal gains 
because of the increase in the price of 
books and the salaries paid to beginners. 

Social and cultural changes must also be 
considered and new problems demand new ap- 
proaches to the vrork of serving the public, 
Among new ways to better service Mr 
Greena-vvay included the opening of or re- 
moval of branches to natural trade and 
traffic routes, and the use of bookmobiles. 
He feels that there may be an increase in 
the number of library users unless there 
are accelerated defense production plans, 
preparation for actual war or a general 
decline in reading. In the field of book 
selection he spoke of the importance of 
supplying material for education and in- 
formation which mil contribute to the 
growth of the individual and broaden the 
horizon of the reader. Besides books of 
permanent value he recommended use of 
timely books for mass use v^hich could be 
disposed of easily when no longer in de- 
mand. Censorship and the work of pressure 
groups v;ere discussed and he illustrated 
by telling of the methods used by police 
states abroad to take over libraries. 

In closing Itr Greenaway reminded his 
audience of the great accomplishment of 
the public library during the past one 
hundred years and pointed out that the 
character of the vrork done in the next 
hundred years will be determined by the 
way in which librarians meet the problems 
and responsibilities of the present. 

M. A. H. 


The morning session, Friday, lHay 18, vias 
devoted to a Symposium, Trustee and Lay 

Responsibility for adequate library 
Support . The chairman, Mrs George Galick, 
Library adviser. Division of Public Librar- 
ies, presented the speaker participants. 

Mr John C. Willis, trustee of the 
Winchester Public Library, demonstrated 
that the libraiy could sell itself to the 
community by a series of activities that 
would appeal to people of different ages 
and interests. The art Association, ¥dth 
exhibitions in its newly decorated art 
gallery, the library's cooperation mth 
the garden club, and its assist3.nce in 
improving the library groxonds, semi-weekly 
hospital library service, film programs 
for parents with children, and a special 
shov/ing for children, the historical asso- 
ciation, the Lincoln and Lee acquisitions, 
the music room, and its weekly concerts 
are all undeniable evidence of the li- 
brary's major contribution to the commiini- 
ty life. He also referred to the trustees' 
surveys of the library and their efforts 
to raise the standards of the personnel, 
as well as the improved policy of allowing 
the trustees to have the pov;er to increase 
the pay of staff members, and the sole 
responsibility of selecting the staff. 
The trustees of the Winchester Public Li- 
brary have shown that a library is a busi-» 
ness proposition with a social responsibil- 
ity to the tax payers. 

The second participant came from a dif- 
ferent type of library community, the 
small tovm of Brewster, Massachusetts. 
Mrs Chester Slack, the chairman of the 
board of trustees of that small and lim- 
ited library, described how the trustees 
v/ere able to regenerate a 19th century 
type of ladies subscription libraiy by 
studying what other similar libraries were 
doing, and to pull itself up by the boot 
straps, by starting everyone to work for 
the library, selling the idea of classroom 
libraries to the school, and then finding 
the ways and means of hiring a children's 
librarian. Scouts, shut-ins, club pro- 
grams, and similar activities improved the 
library's social prestige. The participa- 
tion of the trustees in the promotional 
and executive responsibilities of the 
Brewster Library shelved that the library 
became everybody's business* 

The story of the planning and completion 
of the beautiful and efficient Childrens 
library of Fitchburg as told by the leading 
trustee, llirs George Rodney Wallace, is a 
very inspiring one. The enlistment of the 


entire school population to save their 
pennies resulted in the initial p\iblicity 
and the accumulation of the nest egg of 
the building fund. Other special gifts 
followed which resulted in the beautiful 
building that is the pride and joy of the 
entire citizenry. "Democracy in action" 
as Mrs Wallace expressed it, is a stimu- 
lus to other communities to make their 
libraries a more integral part of the 

The Friends of the Library group is a 
very important adjunct to the Berkshire 
Athenaeum of Pittsfield, and the former 
chairman of the group, Mr George P. H\int, 
Jr., gave an interesting account of their 
activities. One of their chief functions 
was to acquaint the members of the com- 
munity with the resources of the library, 
study the library's activities and recom- 
nend improvements. They assisted in the 
plans for improved lighting and the 
specialized professional knowledge of 
certain members was used in an advisory 
capacity for book selection. They also 
assisted in the planning of an outdoor 
reading room, and the collection of paper 
bound books for distribution to service 
men and women. 

The establishment of a group of cooper- 
ative young people, known as the "Junior 
Friends" was very helpful after a Work- 
shop of ?Jorld Understanding, when the 
children of many different nationalities 
were entertained by the junior friends. 
The Open House night and the various 
lectures gave the Friends of the Library 
opportunities to cooperate with the 
trustees and the staff in promoting the 
functions. The Friends are the liaison 
group between the trustees and the staff, 
and the city officials and the tax payers, 
and therefore might be termed the con- 
necting link in the library community 
relationships . 

Marion Kingman 


The business meeting on Friday after- 
noon, May 18, was brief. The slate of 
new officers was read: 

President, Miss Catharine M. Yerxa, 

Vice President, Mr Philip J. McNiff, 
Lamont Library 

Secretary, Miss Elizabeth Johnson, Lynn 

Treasurer, Miss Lucille Wickersham, 

Archivist, Mr Galen W, Hill, Quincy 
The College and University Section was ac- 
cepted as a section of the Massachusetts 
Library Association. A representative of 
the Committee on Intellectual Freedom 
read a brief report on two bills before 
the General Court, and the Association 
voted its opposition to both measures, L 
which, according to the Committee, imper- ^ 
iled our freedom. One of the bills was 
Hli26, An Act Banning the Communist Party 
in This Cormnonwealth, Mr Shaffer announced 
the Summer Institute to take place June 
18 to 22 at Simmons College, Since all of 
the reports of committees will appear in 
the October MA BULI.ETIN there was little 
reading of the customaiy reports. The 
meeting concluded with the induction of 
the now President. 

Following the business meeting Mrs Ethel 
Henin Bowers, listed in the program as a 
"Dramatic Reviewer of Current Plays," de- 
livered a talk "Let's Go to the Theatre." 
The speaker was in effect aptly and ac- 
curately called a "Dramatic" revievrer. 
Her time was devoted to a dramatized dis- 
cussion of a variety of current Broadvray 
successes including Call Me Madame , Guys 
and Dolls , Anna and the King of Siam , 
Darkness at Noo n, Country Girl , and The 
Rose Tatoo. 

The conference was adjourned after Mrs 
Bowers ' re viev;-monologue s . 

I/Iarjorie G. Bouquet 



Mrs Paraskeve Bucuvalas, nee — Bessie 
Sahamis, ifi^o died suddenly on May 12, was 
a former assistant at the Tyler Street 
Branch Library. 

She was bom in Athens, Greece, and came 
to America with her parents at an early 
age. The oldest of a family of nine chil- 
dren, her home-life was a model of domestic 
harmony and parental rule. All the chil- 
dren at the time used the Tyler Street 
Branch Library. Bessie became interested 
in library vrork while a student at the 
Girl's High School and became a part-time 
assistant at that time. She was a member 
of the Tyler Street Staff in 1917-18, when 
I was the Branch Librarian. At that time. 


the staff members represented some eight 
different racial minority groups and was a 
veritable melting pot in the Library sys- 
tem. Bessie graduated from the Girl's 
High School in 1917 and from the Boston 
Normal School in 1920, It was while an 
assistant at Tyler Street that Miss 
Saharnis was instrumental in helping to 
enlarge and organize the Library's collec- 
tion of Greek books. Over the years she 
kept in touch vdth the Library. 

She taught in the Primary Schools of 
Boston until she married. While at school^ 
she was a brilliant scholar, who applied 
herself with zeal and enthusiasm in the 
work of Americanization, especially in the 
Greek community. She was probably at the 
time of her death one of the most out- 
standing Greek women in Boston. 

She leaves a son, Michael, a student at 
Harvard, and a daughter, Zoe, a senior at 
Girls' Latin School. Funeral services wer^ 
held at the Greek Cathedral of the Annun- 
ciation. Burial was in Vfest Roxbury. 

Fanny Goldstein 



Book Purchasing 

Miss Mary Alice Rea will represent the 
Boston Catholic Theatre in an official 
capacity at the Catholic Theatre Conven- 
tion to be held at Mundelein College, 
Chicago, June 13-16, 

Information Office 

Congratulations to Miss Mary Hennessey, 
graduated cum laude from Radcliffe College 
on June 9. 

Print Department 

On June 5, 1951 a small tea was held in 
the Print Department to inaugurate its ex- 
hibition of Prints of Paris in observance 
of the city's bimillenriium. Invited guests 
included the Director of the Library, Mr 
Milton E. Lord, and the Trustees of the 
Library, the Consul General of France and 
Madame Albert Chambon, the Vice Consul, 
Mr La Pierre, and the members of the 
Honorary Committee and the Organizing Com- 
mittees of the Paris Bimillennial Celebra- 


East Boston 

Three of the part-time assistants, John 
Rose, Michael Siraco, and Rita Taddonio 
were graduated from the East Boston High 
School on Friday, June 8. John, who en- 
listed in the Air Forces, is alr'eady 
training at the Lackland Base in San 
Antonio, Texas. Michael who has been on 
the staff two years, plans to enter Boston 
University in the fall. Rita received two 
scholarships. The East Boston High School 
Scholarship of one hundred dollars is giv- 
en each year to the student best fulfilliig 
the school motto, "This School is a Better 
School because I am Here". The Sears 
Roebuck Supplementary Scholarship of two 
hundred dollars is based on leadervship, 
character, scholarship and ability to suc- 
ceed in college. Rita also received a 
prize of twenty-five dollars offered by 
the Lieutenant Andelraan Post for her essay 
entitled How to be a good neighbor . Rita 
who has been a cheer-leader for two years 
and co-editor of the East Boston yearbook, 
the " Noddle r" has been active in town 
meeting and assembly programs. She will 
enter Simmons Libraiy School in September. 
East Boston is proud of its "extras." 

An unusual display has attracted many 
juvenile readers to the Spring Book Read- 
ing Contest. A mural, depicting Mother 
Nature at her best with blue skies, run- 
ning brook, and shady trees has been 
painted on a wall in the Children's Room 
by Mrs Helen Popp, Paper butterflies 
tacked on this mural by the 200 competing 
readers have produced a very colorful and 
effective display. 

North End 

The annual Doll Story Hour took place on 
Saturday, June 2, 1951, at ten o'clock. 
One hundred and fifty-three little girls 
participated in the festivities. A play, 
adapted from Rumer Godden's Th e Dolls ' 
House by Miss Marie Pineo, Children's Li- 
brarian, staged by Miss Pineo and Mss 
Gracemarie Alfe and Mrs Barbara Elam, 
Children's Assistants, and acted by the 
children was presented to the group. Num- 
bered slips were distributed to all the 
children present. TJien a lucky number was 
drawnj the little girl holding the lucky 

number received a prize. Lollipop doll 
favors were given to the children as they 
left the Library. 

The Third Annual Award of the Mary U. 
Nichols Book Prizes vras held on Monday 
evening, June U. Mr Frank Diraasi, one of 
last year's award winners, served as 
chairman. Miss Ellen C, Peterson, Branch 
Librarian, welcomed the speakers and the 
guests. Music was provided by the Julie 
Billiart High School Chorus. The Mary U. 
Nichols Book Prizes, which are awarded 
annually "to the North End boy and the 
North End girl who in their senior year 
at a North End high school have excelled 
in their English studies", were presented 
by Mr Milton E. Lord, the Director of the 
Library, to Joanne Fabiano and Louis 
Tardito, After the presentation of the 
av;ards, Joanne Fabiano read an essay on 
The value of reading . Mr Frank Buxton 
and Mr Patrick McDonald, Trustees, were 
also called upon for appropriate remarks. 
The address of the evening v/as given by 
Right Reverend Cornelius T. H. Sherlock, 
Superintendent of Diocesan Schools. At 
the close of the program, refreshments 
were served, 

Phillips Brooks 

The Friends of the Phillips Brooks 
Branch Library brought their season of 
monthly meetings to a successful close on 
Thursday evening, Ulay 17, with a record 
audience in attendance. Under the chair- 
manship of llrs Thomas Malone the Friends 
have tried to extend the facilities of 
the Library to a larger public. At this 
final meeting the 20th anniversary of the 
Branch Library was celebrated. Mr Henry 
M. Dean, well-known la-wyer, and a native 
of Readville, gave an interesting outline 
of the early days of the Library when it 
was knovm only as the Phillips Brooks 
Memorial Reading Room. Miss Edna G. Peck 
Chief of Book Selection for Home Reading 
Services, and first Branch Librarian of 
Phillips Brooks, next told of families 
who used the Library when she was there, 
and of her joy in the many associations 
she has had with the community. The 
chief speaker of the evening was Mrs 
Edith H, Bailey, Branch Librarian, Emeri- 
tus , who delighted her audience with rem- 
iniscences of her experiences as a guide 

An historic event took place on May 27, 
when Mr Samuel Markell, on behalf of the 
American Jewish Joint Distribution Commit- 
tee, presented an edition of the Babli 
Talmud to the Judaica Collection, in the 
presence of nearly tivo hundred people. 
The Talmud is a record of about a thousand 
years of Jewish learning and wisdom in all 
fields of endeavor. It is a compilation 
of the Oral Law, in contrast to the Bible, 
which is the Vfritten Law. The Babli, or 
Babylonian Talmud dates back to the fifth 
century of the Christian Era, and has been 
a source of power and strength to v/orld 
Jewry ever since. 

Since 1933, Hitler and his cohorts. sys- 
tematically destroyed both Jewish lives 
and Jewish learning. VJhen, in 19U5, 
Germany was conquered and the doors of the 
concentration camps were opened, the Joint 
Distribution Committee with the coopera- 
tion of the American Army of Occupation 
set out on its task to rehabilitate spirit- 
ually as well as physically the inmates of 
those camps. It became necessary to pub- 
lish some books quickly in order to bring 
to these tortured people the solace of 
reading and learning. 

Crowning this project of book publishing 
a new edition of the Talmud was printed. 
It is knovm as the Talmud of the Surviving 
Remnant. So thorough was Hitler's destruc- 

at Fruitlands and Wayside Museums. '| 

Mr Robert Virtue, President of the 'I 

Friends, acted as chairman of the program, (j 

Members of the Friends served pvmch and iH 
cakes during a social period following. 

A second anniversary meeting for young 
people, parents, and teachers was held on 
Monday evening, May 21, when Miss Nora S. 
Unvri.n, well-kncwn wood-engraver and illus- 
trator of books for children and adults, 
spoke about her work. She discussed 
processes of printing from wood blocks, 
shovred T/ork in color separation printing, 
and told of interesting experiences in 
her work as an illustrator. The audience 
was completely captivated by her friendli- 
ness and her delightful manner of speaking. 

West End 

tion that not a single set of the Talmud 
was to be found in Germany to be used as a 
model, and two sets had to be flown from 
New York. About seven hundred sets were 
printed, and many have found their way to 
Israel, and to institutions of higher learn- 
ing in every comer of the world, virhich 


were considered legitimate heirs of Jew- 
ish heirless property. Only a few were 
sent to this co\intry, and of these only 
two were designated for public libraries. 
The Semitic Division of the Hevr York Pub- 
lic Library received one set, and the 
Judaica Collection at the West End Branch 
of the Boston Public Library was honored 
as the recipient of the other. 

On Sunday afternoon, May 2?, the noted 
Hebrew poet, scholar, and translator, 
Harry K. Fein, was honored at a tea on 
the occasion of the publication of his 
latest book of poems, "Light through the 
Mist". The Rabbinical Association of 
Greater Boston in cooperation with the 
Boston Public Library played host, and 
the West End Branch Library offered its 
historic and gracious building for the 

Miss Rebecca Millmeister, the champion 
traveler of the West End Branch Library, 
is on her way again. On June 8 Miss 
Millmeister sailed from New York on a two 
weeks trip to Porto Rico. 



Any contribution to the Soap Box must 
be accompanied by the full name of the 
Association member submitting it, togeth- 
er vdth the name of the Branch Library, 
Department, or Office in which he or she 
is employed. The name is withheld from 
publication, or a pen name used, if the 
contributor so requests. Anonymous con- 
tributions are not given consideration. 
The author of the article is knovm only 
to the contributor and to the Editor-in- 
Chief, The contents of articles appear- 
ing in the Soap Box are personal opinions 
expressed by individual Association mem- 
bers and their appearance does not nec- 
essarily indicate that the Publications 
Committee and the Association are in 
agreement with the views expressed. 

To the Soap-Box: 

The sub-professional who came too late 

Consider the case of the sub-professional 
who entered the service after salary in- 
creases of i>300 per annum were granted in 
19lt9, Those of us who were not in the 
service at that time must lose $300 a year, 
not through lack of effort on our part, 
but merely that we were not here at the 

We can understand that the entering rate 
of pay - <Jl800 - for a sub-professional 
was vAolly sufficient at the time; and 
also vre can understand the reluctance of 
the Trustees to raise the minimum. But it 
does seem unfair for two people in the same 
department, who are doing the same work, 
to have such a large discrepancy in their 
remuneration. Furthermore, the minimum 
entrance salary for the professional does 
include the $300, so why should it not be 
included in the slighted sub-professional's? 

In view of the substantial increase 
granted the Library by the City, it does 
appear that serious consideration might be 
given to the financial returns accorded 
the sub-professional \¥ho has entered the 
service since June, 19U9. 

A Victim 


Announcement has been made of the en- 
gagement of Miss Elizabeth M, Kaufman, 
Print Department, to Mr John J. Norman. 

Mr and Mrs Harry Fletcher announce the 
birth of a daughter, Catherine Elizabeth, 
on June 13. Mr Fletcher is a member of 
the Cataloging and Classification Depart- 
ment, Division of Reference and Research 


Published by the Boston Public Library Professional Staff Association 

Volume VI, Number 7 

July 1951 

Publications Committee: 

Geraldine M, Altman, Ruth S, Cannell, Eiry F, Daly, Thomas 
J, Manning, Beryl Y, Robinson, Ifertin F, Waters, Louisa S, 
Metcalf, Chairman 

Publication date s 
The fifteenth of each month 

Deadline for submitting material ; 
The tenth of each month 


On the eve of the 75th anniversary con- 
ference of the A, L. A, in Chicago, dedi- 
cated to the theme, "The Heritage of the 
U. S. A, in Times of Crisis", the Nation- 
al 'Education Association has terminated 
its 89 th annual convention in San Franc is-- 
CO. A feature of the convention was a re- 
port of the Committee on Tenure and Aca- 
demic Freedom on "The Freedom of the Pub- 
lic School Teacher", which charges that 
teaehers are afraid to teach almost any 
controversial subject because of the in- 
creasing influence of various pressure 
groups. Because of censorship, voluntary 
and enforced, the report goes on to regret 
that the heart has been taken out of cur- 
rent events teaching, 

kg a result of this report a resolution 
waa adopted outlining machinery to conter- 
act the insidious influence of these pres- 
sure groups. 

The fact that the conventions of two 
sueh national organizations have been 
concerned with the subject of intellectual 
freedom, together with the continuing 
study of censorship trends, especially 
trends towards political censorship of 
books, which has been carried on in re- 
cent months by the Anti-Censorship Commit- 
tee of the American Book Publishers Coun- 
cil, are indicative of the ever increasing 
threats to our traditional American liber- 
ties. In the li^t of this, the deliber- 
ations of the A, L, A, in Chicago take on 
an added significance, and the copies of 
the Library Bill of Rights adopted by 
A. L, A, in June, 19U8, at Atlantic City, 
sent recently to certain units of the Li- 
brary, should remind us in the performance 
of our daily work of our responsibilities 
to all of the people of the community, re- 
gardless of race or nationality, or reli- 
gious or political views. It might also 
cause us to reflect whether any one of us 

merited a share of the recent rebuke f?f a 
distinguished local university professor 
who alleged that all too often librarians 
set themselves up as moral censers of their 


The Council of the American Library Asso- 
ciation reaffirms its belief in the follow- 
ing basic policies which should govern the 
services of all libraries: 

As a responsibility of library service, 
books and other reading matter selected 
should be chosen for values of interest, 
information and enlightenment of all the 
people of the community. In no case 
should any book be excluded because of the 
race or nationality or the political or 
religious views of the writer, 

There should be the fullest practicable 
provision of material presenting all paints 
of view concerning the problems and issues 
of our times, international, national, and 
local} and books or other reading matter of 
sound factual authority should not be pro- 
scribed or removed from library shelves 
because of partisan or doctrinal disapprov- 


Censorship of books, urged or practiced 
by volunteer arbiters of. moral or politi- 
cal opinion or by organizations that would 
establish a coercive concept of Americanism, 
must be challenged by libraries in mainte- 
nance of their responsibility to provide 
public information and enlightenment 
through the printed word, 

Libraries should enlist the cooperatien 
9f allied groups in the fields of seienee, 
of education, and of book publishing i» ^ 
aisting all abridgment of the free ac^ps 
to ideas and full freedom of expression 


that are the tradition and heritage of 

As an institution of education for demo- 
cratic living, the library should welcome 
the use of its meeting rooms for socially 
useful and cultural activities and discus- 
sion of current public questions. Such 
meeting places should be available on 
equal terms to all groups in the community 
regardless of the beliefs and affiliations 
of their members, 


Vlr Louis Rains, from General Reference 
Department to Science and Technology 

liiss Ifery Roberts, from Uphams Comer 
Branch Library to Open Shelf Department. 


Miss Barbara Dydek, Print Department, to 
Mr Norman B, Tomlinson, Morristown, New 


New Staff Members 

Miss Margaret F, Connell,Office of Re- 
cords, Files, Statistics. 

Miss Francina E. Copeland, North End 
Branch Library, 

Miss Mary T. Crosby, Jeffries Point 
Branch Library. 

Miss Bessie T. Griggs, Young People's 

Mr John W, Hall, Office of the Division 
of Home Reading and Community Services. 

Miss Amy Hoey, Uphams Corner Branch Li- 
brary (formerly part-time assistant on the 

Miss Elizabeth C, Lee, Phillips Brooks 
Branch Libraiy (formerly part-time assis- 
tant at the West End Branch Library) . 

Mr Roger S. Linder, Office of the Divi- 
sion of Home Reading and Community SerTices. 

Miss Rose Moorachian, Washington Village 
Branch Library (formerly part-time assis- 
tant at the Codman Square Branch Library). 

Mr Julian Moynahan, Rare Book Department. 

Miss Gertrude Pazol, East Boston Branch 

Mrs Barbara 0, Rogers, Fine Arts Depart- 

Miss Gilda Teece, Office of the Division 
of Home Reading and Commxinlty Services 
(formerly part-time assistant at the North 
End Branch Library). 


Miss Mary J. Bradley, Cataloging and 
Classification Department, Division of 
Reference and Research Services, to Parker 
Hill Branch Library. 

Itrs Barbara C, Elam, from North End 
Branch Library to Jamaica Plain Branch 

Miss Isabel M. Martino, from Parker Hill 
Branch Library to Open Shelf Department. 

Miss Margaret M. Gallagher, Dorchester 
Branch Library, to Mr Robert A, Sager, on 
June 17. 

Miss Helen F, Maguire, Book Stack Service, 
to Mr William J. Carley, on June 9» 

Miss Margaret A. Calnan, Connolly Branch 
Library, to Mr Harold R. Donaghue, on 
July 7. 


A son, Daniel, to Mr and Mrs Alain de 
Leiris on July it, in Newport, Rhode Island. 
Mr deLeiris is a part time assistant in the 
Print Department, 

A son, Donald, Jr, to Mr and Mrs Donald 
A, Gillis, on July 1, Mrs Gillis is a mera^ 
ber of the staff of the Office of the Divi- 
sion of Home Reading and Community Services, 


IfflLss Lois Kovner of Brockton was married 
to Mr Sidney Weinberg, Science and Tech«» 
nology Department, at Dreamwold Hall, 
Scituate, Sunday evening, June 2U. The 
wedding which was summer formal, was fol- 
lowed by a reception and supper, after 
which the bride and groom left on an ex- 
tended motor trip to California. 

On Monday, July 2, Miss Anne L. Moore, 
Office of the Division of Home Reading and 
Community Services, was married to Mr Paul 
J, Dolan, of Dorchester, in an eight 
o'clock nuptial Mass, in Saint Mary of the 
Assumption Church, Brookline. The bride, 
who wore a white going away suit and car- 
ried a bouquet of white stephanotis, was 
attended by her sister, and the groom's 
brother was his best man. After a small 
reception at the bride's home for members 
of the immediate families the couple left 
on a motor trip north# 


A large group of friends and relatives 
gathered together on the evening of June 
17, at the home of Mrs Helen M<v O-Leary. 
to wish Miss l&rgaret A, Calnan^ Connolly 
Branch Library, good luck and happiness on 
her approaching marriage to Mr Harold R, 
Donaghuoe Tlie gifts bestowed on her 
ranged all the way from a silver bov/1 and 
trays to kitchen ware* Jfrs O'Lear;"/-,) the 
gracious hostess, served a delightful col~ 
lation and worthy of special mention v/as 
a large decorative and delicious cake 
ordered especially for the occasion, 

A. H, 

j where she has been studying with her hus- 
band Yfho was the recipient of a Fulbright 

On Friday evening, June 18, the staff of 
the Open Shelf Department and Mi^s Kr.riel 
C, Javelin, former Chief of the Department 
gathered at the Town House for dinner to 
honor Miss Anne L» Moore, Office of the 
Division of Home Reading and Community 
Services, also a former member of the 
Department, who was soon to be married* 
Miss Moore was presented vd-th a corsage of 
spring flowers and a teapot of Irish 
Belleek china. 


Word has been received of the birth of a 
daughter, Betsy, to Dr and Mrs Joseph 
Sands, on June l6, Mrs Sands was formerly 
a member of the Fine Arts Department* 

On Saturday, June 23, Miss Therese Tuley, 
former part-time assistant in the Teachers 
Department 5 v/as married to Mr Paul Jo Dorr, 
at St TJilliam's Church in Dorchester c 
Follovdjig the nuptial Mass a reception was 
held at the Hotel Beaconsfield* 

The bride was beautifully goi^med in 
white lace and satin. The maid of honor. 
Miss Patricia Tuley, Book Preparation De- 
partment, Tfore toast lace, while the 
bridesmaids wore green lace. The attend- 
ants all carried Chaparral lillies* The 
gentlemen of the v/edding party included 
the father of the bride, Mr John ViT, T\iley, 
our Air Raid Warden, 

Mrs Lawrence Markus, (Lois Shoemaker) 
formerly of the History Reference Depart- 
ment has recently returned from Europe 


Miss Mary~E, Dohertyp Baildings Dept, 
lir Edward F^ Lunny^ BuiJ.dings Dept. 
I^Irs Katherine C, McGrath, Buildings Dept,, 
who is recuperating from a broken hip in 
Cushing Pavilion, St Elisabeth's Hospital, 

Miss Pearl Smart, Personnel Office 


Mr J, Joseph Danicer^ Buildings Dept, 
Mrs Mary A, Ryan, Buildings Dept, 


Miss Marion E, Hawes, Coordinatdr of 
Adult Work, Enoch Pratt Free Library, 

A group of five foreign information 
specialists -irLsited the Information Office 
on June 19 at the recommendation of the 
United Councdl on World Affairs, The 
visitors were newspapermen who were on a 
90-day tour of the United States, They 
were Dr Ju.stus Bnuiner and Dr Herbert 
iAiehlbauer_, Austria j Mr I'Vilfried Faliger, 
Germany J Mr Sarkiss Carpetian;, Iran and 
llir Po K(, Sivaprakassam, India, 


The final report Of the Workshop groups 
has been completed and has been sent to 
those who paid the nominal fee which was 
charged to cover the expense of mimeograph- 
ing,, Since it is readily available and 
many individuals did purchase it the Execu- 
tive Board felt that there was no necessity 
for sending a copy to each unit,, There 
will be copies in the Staff Library for 
anyone interested. 

The five delegates virho are attending the 
SORT meetings in Chicago as representatives 
of the BPLPSA are Miss Tfery J, Brady and 


Miss Esther E, Jalonen, Cataloging and 
Classification Department, Division of 
Reference and Research Services, Miss A, 
Phyllis Freeman, Mt Pleasant Branch Li- 
brary, Miss Catherine MacDonald, Personnel 
Office and lIUss Helen H, Savakian, Infor- 
mation Office. 

The recent Institute held at Simmons 
College offered much in the way of inspir- 
ation and stimulation. It is reported on 
in some detail elsewhere in this issue but 
two things were outstandingly apparent — 
one, that libraries as educational insti- 
tutions must increase adult education pro- 
jects (discussion groups, film forums, 
etc) to implement facing of important 
issues which include factors not now in 
OMT understanding; two, leadership for 
such activities must be trained on a con- 
tinuing basis, since few librarians have 
had either the training or experience re- 
quired. Leadership from the community can 
and should be enlisted but it is not 
STifficient. All of which embraces the 
basic problem of human relations, and to 
quote Dr Lindeman "the real measurement of 
an adult education is whether or not it 
improves human relations." 

P. A. W. 


To City Employees; 

It was voted at a meet- 
ing of the Directors of the City of Boston 
Employees Credit Union held June 13 .that, 
beginning June lU and continuing each 
month thereafter until further notice, all 
permanent employees of the city of Boston 
or of the Co\inty of Suffolk, who under the 
by-laws of the organization are eligible 
for membership in the Credit Union, and 
holding less than 100 shares, be permitted 
to purchase not more than 2 shares in each 



On July 10, Miss Berit Lambertsen, who 
has been observing procedures in the B.P.L. 
v;hile on leave from the Bergen Public Li- 
brary, Norvray, sailed from Nev/ York for her 
home in Bergen, A year ago we did not knovv 
that there was such a person as Berit Lam- 
bertsen, but in the ten months that she hag- 
woiiced with us we have learned to know and 
love her. 

When a tea was suggested for Miss Lambert- 
sen, it met with immediate approval by all. 
So on Tuesday, June 27th vre decorated the 
Lounge and gathered to greet Berit. Punch 
and cookies were served by the Entertain- 
ment Committee and Miss Pauline Walker, 
President of the Staff Association, pre- 
sented our guest iidth a watch and a week- 
end case. To say that Miss Lambertsen was 
surprised and pleased vras putting it mildly* 
"I am so glad you had this party" she said, 
"because I vras vrondering how I could say 
goodby to everyone." 

And so to Berit Lambertsen, we say goodby, 
bon voyage, and success and happiness in 
your career, and we hope, most sincerely, 
for a return visit soon. 

A, M. 

(Letter addressed to The B.P.L.P.S.A.) 

June 30, 1951 
Dear all of youl 

I vrajit to thank you for the wonderful 
party you gave me on Tuesday, It made me 
so happy to be together with you again, 
and I was glad to have this opportunity to 
say good-bye to everybody before I sail. 

The (lifts were such a wonderfiil sur- 
prise. To me they materialize the consid- 
eration and generosity I have found here. 
Thank you again. 

Sincerely yours, 

(SIGNED) Berit Lambertsen 



Middle West hospitality will take its 
place with the Southern variety in the 
minds of those who attended the Special 
Libraries Association's U2nd annxial conven-[apolis Public Library, and the fine resi- 

tion in St Paul, June 18-21, Having come 
"all the viay from Boston" seemed like a 
magic key calculated to open almost any 
door through which the visiting librarian 
wished to pass. 

Our time was divided among meetings, 
sightseeing and sociability. Since this 
was to be a short convention, the general 
sessions were devoted to association busi- 
ness. The President's annual message was 
delivered at the first General Session on 
Monday, June 18, at v/hich Governor Yoiing- 
dahl also greeted us for the state of 
Minnesota. Division meetings started that 
afternoon. Since the Business Division 
was my primary interest, I attended both 
of its sessions. At the first Public Re - 
lations was discussed from the point of 
view of the public librarian, in which we 
were reminded by Miss Sarah Wallace of the 
Minneapolis Public Library that "patrons 
are people"; also from the point of view 
of the government librarian, by Miss 
Cornelia Notz of the U. S. Tariff Commis- 
sion, who must convince people that tariff 
rates is not the only subject on which her 
library can furnish information. 

At the second session of the Business 
Division, Mr Ernest Booth, business ana- 
lyst of the Minneapolis Regional Office, 
led a helpful discussion on handling the 
publications which have resiilted from the 
Emergency Mobilization Program. In ad- 
dition to suggesting ways of filing, he 
mentioned various government publications, 
so that we vrere able to note any which we 
had missed. Those of us who had kept our 
material on World War II controls were ; 
pleased to hear that we had acted wisely. 
(We already knew from experience that it 
had been a good idea.) A business meeting 
for the Division followed, in which pro- 
jects for the coming year were evaluated. 

A session of the Advertising Division 
was interesting to me, since Mss Dorothy 
Ware, Business Branch Librarian of Minne- 
anolis, as one of the guest speakers talk- 
ed', on the services available at the Busi- 
noss Branch, using an opaque projector to 
illustrate printed forms. A lively 
attraction of this meeting was the drawing 
for door prizes, which had been donated by 
several companies. (None was won by a 

Because there was no formal "Minneapolis 
Day", we had to see the other Twin City as 
v;e had opportunity. Staying at a motel 
near Minnehaha Falls enabled us to see the 
park, the Longfello\7 Branch of the Jfinne- 

dential sections of both cities on our iray 
to meetings. We visited the University of 
Minnesota campus, including the library, 
where we saw the present building, also a 
new classroom building under construction, 
I in the basement of v/hich the Archives and 
microfilm collection Td.ll have space. I 
went once again to Minneapolis on another 
day to see the Business Branch, and also 
the Minneapolis Public Libraiy. The Busi- 
ness Branch is located in a rented build- 
ing, in the business district. It is an 
active department, idth a collection con>- 
parable to ours, on a smaller scale. Ar- 
rangement and use shov/ how effective re- 
sourcefulness can be in coping with incon- 
venient quarters. The main library has 
"growing pains" even as vra, and talks hope- 
fully of a new building o There I saw their 
science-industry department which is con- 
veniently located on the first floor, also 
their reference department. 

The combined book exhibit at convention 
headquarters seemed well-selected, and 
between meetings there was opportunity to 
examine books and annotate the list which 
was distributed - really long distance book 

We knew we would not see any Indians in 
St Paul, but the Reception Committee had 
to give us an illusion, at least. On Mon- 
day evening, a delightful get-acquainted 
party was held at the James J» Hill Ref- 
erence Library - a beautiful building. 
Part of the entertainment was an exhibition 
by Schmidt's Indian Drum and Bugle Corps - 
all members dressed in authentic Indian 
costume. It is safe to say that never be- 
for had such sounds echoed from the bal- 
conies of the Hill Library. Here, too, 
there were prizes. All present were happy 
to see Mr H, W. Wilson dravi the one intend- 
ed for the person present who had attended 
the most conventions. For the rest of •'■/he 
evening, he proudly sported an orchid in 
his lapel. 

The Minnesota Historical Society was host 
at a tea on Wednesday afternoon. Besides 
enjoying delicious refreshments, we were 
able to see two interesting exhibitions - 
one of Currier and Ives prints, and one of 
the work of John Rood, a Minnesota sculptor. 

The final social event of the Convention 


was the Smorgasbord held on Wednesday evenjtaining a living collection. 

ing. The crowd overflowed the main ball- The fun that comes with plajring a joke 

room, but food was ample and most attrac- |on some one, of fooling, of "taking in" the 

tively served. 

Toastmaster Kenneth Fagerhaugh, speaking 
with authentic Scandinavian accent, added 
a light touch to the program. His roll- 
call by states gave us all a chance to 
stand up and be counted, A beautiful sil- 
ver tray was presented to Miss Alma C, 
Mitchill in recognition of her service as 
editor of Special Libraries , and the pri- 
mary gavel award vfent to the Texas Chapter* 
The highlight of the evening - a musical 
skit by the Minneapolis Public Library 
staff - humorously reminded us of the 
right and v/rong in public relations. 

This was St Paul's first S.L.A. conven- 
tion, and I am sure that those who attend- 
ed hope that it will not be the last, 



In recognition of the tenth anniversary 
of the Albert H, Wiggin Collection of 
Prints, Drawings and Books as part of the 
Library, Mr Arthur W, Heintzelman, Keeper 
of Prints, has summarized its history and 
some of its more notable acquisitions in 
the current issue of The Boston Public 
Library Quarterly for July 1951. Negoti- 

ations relating to Mr Wiggin 's gift of the 

Collection were spread over a period of 

years from 1935 v;hen the Trustees were 

first aware of the possibility of its com^ 

ing to the Library, until 19Ul vjhen it was 

made available to the public. Mr Wiggin, 

whose career began in Boston, and whose 

interest in prints came aboutj we are tol(^ letters tell of people and events in the 

only accidentally, was able to develop 

through years of discriminating selection 

a collection that is internationally knowrb 

Represented in it are the works of artists 

in England, France, Italy and America, of 

unsuspecting, is apparently perennial and 
literary folk are no exception, Mr Frank 
Weitenkempf , author, and former Curator of 
Prints at the New York Public Library, has 
assembled a sizable list of these under- 
takings in the writers* world which have 
occurred from the eighteenth century to 
the present, in his article, "The Literaiy 
Hoax," That it takes skill for these per- 
formances is admitted. There must be liter- 
ary ability, wit, and imagination, along 
with a number of other outstanding quali- 
fications, and this may in part account for 
the distinguished names attached to some of 
the better known hoaxes, among them Benja- 
min Franklin, Edgar Allen Poe, Richard 
Aldington, John Cotton Dana, and Archibald 
I'JacLeish, Apparently, all this invention 
was done in a spirit of innocent pleasantry. 
The victims were always plentiful and reac^ 
to be tricked, and there were no evil con- 

The article, "The Bimillenium of Paris," 
by Mr Zoltan Haras zti. Editor of Publica- 
jtions, in celebration of the 2000th year 
j since the founding of the City of Paris, 
[should be required reading for every mem- 
|ber of the Staff, Read about the atlases, 
jthe mediaeval manuscripts, the incunabula, 
I the examples of fine binding and modern 
'book illustration, all part of the Library fe 
own collections and now being shown in the 
Treasure Room, — and don't miss seeing 

A group of letters entitled, "Isa Blagden 
to Kate Field," from the Library's Kate 
Field Collection, the gift of Lilian Whit- 
ing, is presented with a brief introduction 
and notes by Mr Edward Co McAleer, The 

cur own day, of the eighteenth and nine- 
teenth centuries, and a few of the old 
itt!:;tcrs, including Dlirer and Rembrandt, 
Iv, Tvas the purpose of the founder, not 
onjy to gather and preserve these rarities 
bv.t to make them available to students, 
connoisseurs and experts everyv^here© The and demonstrations conducted in 
the Print Department, the travelling ex- 
hibitr'ons, the advice given collectors, 
are all part of an educational program 
that is acknowledged as essential in main- 

eighteen-sixties when many Americans, among 
them Harriet Hosmer, Charlotte Cushrnan, 
Frank Boott and his sister, and the San- 
fords of Boston, aunt and uncle of Kate 
Field., found Italy, and Florence in par- 
ticular, an attractive place for a sojourn 
abroad, }lSr McAleer is the editor of the 
recently published letters of Robert Broivn- 
ing to Isabella Blagden, brought out by 
the University of lexas Press under the 
title. Dearest Isa 

C, H, 



Participants in the annual fourth of 
July outing left Copley Square Wednesday 
at 10:30 A, M, - destination Crane's Beacl:^ 
Ipswich. Throughout the trip, the two 
busses, carrying 68 part-time assistants 
and their friends rang with the songs and 
laughter of the happy group* Wcien the 
busses entered the road leading to the 
beach, many of the group vrere dismayed at 
the line of traffic returning from the 
beach, but luckily some parking space had 
been reserved for busses and we entered 
without any trouble. After leaving the 
busses most of the group disappeared into 
the bathhouse and in a short time reap- 
peared in beach attire. The day passed 
rapidly, speeded by smraming, Softball and 
the eating of other people's lunches I 
Happily no rain fell, which is unusual on 
a library outing | and many of the party 
were the recipients of sunburns. At 8;U5 
P. M. the busses left Crane's Beach with 
a weary lot of beachers. At 10:30 the 
busses arrived in Copley Square where the 
group dispersed. To Bill Davis and Amby 
Flaherty of Book Stack Service go our 
thanks for a memorable outing. 


I The Party was a huge success and another 
is planned for the near future. 

On Saturday, July 7, an evening of enter- of what we gained from it. 

tainment and dancing was provided the part- 
time assistants of the Libraiy at AGLIO 
ACRES in Hyde Park, Mr Thomas Agli», 
Periodical and Newspaper Department, play- 
ed host to approximately sixty of his fel- 
low workers. The weather was ideal for 
the outdoor occasion and the large terrace 
and spacious garage vrere decorated with 
multicolored lights, streamers, and bal- 
looms, Japanese lanterns, and fans. 

Mr Paul Delahanty of the Open Shelf De- 
partment, a magician, entertained the 
group with tricks. He also attenpted and 
successfully completed the difficult task 
of mind reading to the amazement of his 
audience. Mr John Burgholzer, of the 
Book Stack Service, showed movies of the 
recent Library outing which took place in 

After the entertainment, tables were set 
up on the terrace and refreshments were 
served buffet style. The group concluded 
the evening with dancing until midnight. 



Those of us who were privileged to attend 
the Summer Institute on The Library's Func - 
tion in Community Leadership , held at 

Simmons College, School of Library Science, 
June 18-22, 19^1, came away vdth the thought 
that it was an experience that we would not 
have missed. Of the fifty registrants, 
seven were from the Boston Public Library: 
Mrs Eleanora N, Chaplik, Assistant In Charge 
Charge, Washington Village Branch Library; 
Miss Catherine E. Flannery, Branch Librar- 
ian, Orient Heights Branch Library; Mrs 
Helen F, Hirson, Assistant in the Office 
of Home Reading and Community Services; 
Jiirs Ifuriel C, Javelin, Deputy Supervisor, 
In Charge of Work with Adults; Mss Marion 
C, Kingman, Branch Librarian, South End 
Branch Library; Mrs Bette Preer, Children's 
Librarian, Mt Pleasant Branch Library; and 
Tass Pauline A. Walker, Branch Librarian, 
Vfest Roxbury Branch Library. Other regis- 
trants were from New York, Baltimore, New 
Hampshire, Michigan, Maine various parts of 
Massachusetts, Germany and England. 

Although we cannot adequately put into 
words our enthusiasm for the Institute, we 
have attempted in this combined report to 
convey at least something of the spirit of 
the Institute and to give some impressions 

Much of the success of the week was due 
to the careful planning of Miss Sigrid Edge, 
Professor of Library Science at Simmons. 
The choice of the three leaders was a happy 
wie ~ Dr E. C, Lindeman, formerly Profes- 
sor of Social Philosophy at the New York 
School of Social Work, and leader in the 
field of community relations; Miss Margaret 
Monroe, In Charge of Group Discussion 
Leadership in the New York Public Library, 
Office of Adult Services; and Mr Saul 
Bernstein, Professor of Group Work, Boston 
University School of Social Work, 

Throughout the program emphasis was placed 
on the librarian's responsibility for aiding 
people to think about and discuss problems 
of significance in today's living. There 
vras constant opportunity for the participa- 
tion of each librarian. Not only were the 
principles of group leadership considered, 
but these principles were demonstrated in a 
variety of ways. The entire Institute was 
3 unique combination of inspiration and 


We arranged ourselves comfortably in a 
semi-circle of easy chairs about the lounge 
with ashtrays at hand for those who wished 
to smoke, as Dr Lindeman conducted the 
opening session of the Institute, It was 
his task to outline general world condi- 
tions affecting the life, thought, and 
culture of the world of today. The picture 
he presented was on the whole rather 
gloomy — over half the population is 
undernourished and only one-third of the 
people use the ?;ritten word. There is no 
longer a sharp distinction between war and 
peace J there is a grave lack of high grade 
leadership, and a serious tendency toward 
fanaticism. Lack of moral responsibility 
is to blame for the human misery. Hope 
lies in the ability to recognize that 
responsibility, and the moral determination 
to carry it through. Communists do not 
have the solution. Their attempt to a- 
chieve a good end through bad means, that 
is through deceit, becomes unethical and 
can never make a better world. The Li- 
brarian's role as a community leader is to 
stimulate a finer sense of values that wilL 
enable this generation to crystalize its 
thinking on a higher ethical plane and to 
strengthen its will. By means of educa- 
tion, human beings can find a way out. 

Dr Lindeman illustrated his points by 
referring to some of his experiences in 
various parts of the world, returning re- 
peatedly to observations about Denmark. 
(Finally he noticed the recurrence himself 
and paused to apologize, saying that he 
was probably a little partial to Denmark 
because he is of Danish ancestry. Then he 
told a story of a lecture he had once de- 
livered in which he spoke too frequently 
in praise of Denmark vintil at last one of 
his audience spoke up and said, "Isn't 
there anything rotten in yo\ir Denmark?") 

India is another country from which Dr 
Lindeman has recently returned after a 
considerable time spent as lecturer at one 
of its universities. His observations of 
trends there vrere most revealing. 

In subsequent meetings Dr Lindeman out- 
lined various methods used in leading 
discussions, and suggested basic issues 
that should be considered in planning li- 
brary programs — How to conduct a struggle 
against Comunnismj Development of the 
Welfare State 5 Civil Rights j Housing; 
Crime; Leisure; and Trade Unionism. At the 
final session he summarized the accomplish- 
ment in terms of new knowledge and the 
possibility of its practical application 

to our various problems. He re-emphasized' 
the fact that Librarians are no longer free 
from the problems of leadership. This 
leadership will have flexibility in its 
methods. It will be leadership of quality 
rather than quantity, and will frequently 
be experimental and diversified In Its 

Turning from the philosophic, long-range 
considerations of iiie library's high role 
In Adult Education, Mr Saul B, Bernstein 
presented the concrete, relevant principles 
and practices of group discussion. His 
lectvires on Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday 
afternoons pertained to Dynamics of Work 
with Groups and Discussion Leadership and 
Participation . If Dr Lindeman's sessions 
V7ere on a Miltonlc plane by •wiilch one mi girt 
loftily aspire to live and work. Professor 
Bernstein's were on a plane by v/hich one 
might better meet specific, immediate pro- 
blems, directly and practically. It was 
this fine balance, this supplementation of 
one another's procedures that made the In- 
stitute of such high quality and so inspir- 
ing, pertinently related to the needs and 
interests of the participants* 

Professor Bernstein first considered the 
diversity of group life In the United States 
connected with or arising from occupational, 
civic, recreational, and religious Interests 
and activities. 

"Keep a fluid, exploring mood, be enthu- 
siastic, have skill in locating what's on 
their minds" were some of Professor Bern- 
stein's general dicta for successful work 
with groups. Other in^jortant matters dis- 
cussed in down-to-earth fashion, were how 
to establish a group, ice-breakers, physi- 
cal arrangement, purposes of group discus- 
sion. Methods and maneuvers of discussion, 
relevance of subject, and criteria used In 
determining the success of the group were 
other provocative topics. For those of us 
vdio have wondered just how to gauge the 
effectiveness of a group, here are a few 
leads! continuing Interest, enlarged mem- 
bership, improved quality of discussion, 
individual satisfactions, and growth, and 
perhaps, most important of all, the 95^.j,gl* 
tion of new learning of some kind qfla the 
more subtle "concomittant learning*" that 
goes with it. Professor Bernstein seemed 
to think that seven to tvrenty wa^ an accept- 
able group, though he has knovm of great 
success with more or less numbers^ Several 
rating scales were shown, together with 
discussion of the pros and cons oj the 
different approaches, such as symphglum, 
panel, lecture, socio-drama, buzz-aiession, 


and small group-discussion. One of the 
librarians presented a specific individual 
problem: How to get a Friends of the Li» 
brary Group together, and constructive 
suggestions were offered by Professor 
Bernstein and the audience at large. 

It should be emphasized that Professor 
Bernstein's own approach to the members of 
the Institute was a creative, dynamic one, 
in which he expected the fullest audience 
participation, and together we actually 
evolved, under his guidance, many of the 
^2l--.0Sf objectives, and modes of group 

The Institute was not only stimulating 
as a demonstration of discussion groups, 
but it was also novel and exhilerating in 
-,he application of the principle "learning 
by doing," 

On the first afternoon the members broke 
up into small groups for a buzz session to 

determine the problems which were of great -tions concerning the value of film forums, 

est concern to them in their work with 
croups ■> Each group briefly reported its 
findings. The follo\7ing morning Miss 
M'-'n..-oe reported that upon analysis the 
qi.ea'Mons of all groups seemed to fall 
into three areas: 

1. The philosophic approach to Li- 
brary problems. 

2. The relation of the Library to 
other educational groups in the 

3» Assuming that the Library has a 
unique role in education, hoiT do 
we reach people? Have vre suffi- 
cient materials and staff? How 
are the staff to be trained? 
TOiat methods should we use in 
putting our programs across? 
Thus we saw the results of our first 
afternoon buzz session applied as a pat- 
tern for the Institute. 

The registrants were divided into four 
small groups of about twelve each, for two 
half-morning sessions. The groups kept 
the same membership for the two sessions. 

At the first of these sessions, the 
groups considered how the public library 
could promote The Basic Issues Facing the 

As the subject matter of the group discus- 
sions will be available in the final report 
of the Institute, we shall not attempt to 
summarize them here. 

With the increasing importance of the use 
of films in adult education group vrork, it 
was a "must" that one session be given over 
to this medium. Miss Monroe briefly intro- 
duced Due Process of Law Denied , a film 
adapted from The Ox-Bow Incident (20th Cen- 
tury Fox), Following the showing of the 
film ive became a film forum Library Audience 
and Miss Monroe ably led us in a discussion 
of the complex emotional situations and 
the psychological, political and economic 
problems suggested by the film. 

We then broke up into our four groups and 
for twenty minutes each group considered 
the film problems they \TOuld like to have 
discussed during the next houro 

Back again in the large group our ques- 

regional film service, sponsored films, 
and film budgets were ansv/ered by Miss 
Monroe and those members of the group who 
had had experience with films. 

One afternoon we observed a socio-drama 
in action, A gi'oup member suggested the 
problem of a group of parents who vdshed 
to meet with the Librarian to discuss the 
problems of their adolescent children. 
From the group volunteers became the dom- 
inating parent, the career parent, the 
selfish-loving parent, the "don't" parent, 
the parent who continually quotes from 
books, and the normal parent. With Mr 
Bernstein as a "not too successful leader" 
the group held its first meeting at the 
Library. Following this meeting members 
of the audience discussed the techniques 
used by the leader, 

A second socio-drama was then presented 
by the same participants, with Mr Bernstein 
as a "successful" leader. The effect of 
his improved approach to the parents was 
observed and discussed by the audience. 

Another form of role-playing was suggest- 
ed for an entire group. The group was di- 
vided into three types of citizens to 
discuss whether or not Communistic litera- 

Unitcd States , as expounded by Dr Lindeman ture should be freely displayed in the Li- 
On the final morning of the Institute the brary. One type was to be extremely liber- 
groups answered two challenges. What Have |al believing everything should be included; 

I Learned at the Institute ? and What Can I 
Take Back to My Library Trogram ? 

-ne was the other extreme believing nothing 
was to be included; the third vms a raoder- 
At the completion' of these ^roup discus- ately liberal group. Following a buzz 
sions, oral reports were presented to the session each citizen group presented its 
whole body. For all the group discussions point of view. Each individual should then 
there vjas a "recorder" who submitted a jbe able to make up his own mind concerning 
written report for the official record, [the correct solution to the problem. It 


was suggested that this was a good way to 
discuss a controversial problem. Since 
people have been assigned to play a role 
they feel freer to express a view point 
which may be misinterpreted* 

At the close of one afternoon session, 
Dr Linderaan illustrated his personal faith 
in people, books, and the exchange of 
opinions by giving us a demonstration of 
his own kind of reading aloud. 

He prefaced the demonstration by explain-was to guide the thinking n£ the members 

teers from the group and six members seated 
themselves around he in a pirele of easy 
chairs. It could net be a eomplete demon- 
stration, as we wer© limited for time. Als§ 
the real discussion gr«up has its own con- 
tributing membership vijiieh meets regularly 
for mutual exchange of thinking, usually 
without any visitors* 

The text was the Human Rights Charter of 
the United Nations, and the leader's job 

ing that he used it in place of routine 
term papers, as a means of encouraging ori- 
ginal thinking by his students, and of re- 
lieving himself of the tedium of correct- 
ing and reading his own ideas in someone 
else's form. 

Such a method should be used preferably 
in an informal atmosphere, in a private 
home, possibly following a dinner, where 
the conversation naturally flows into 
channels of good thinking. Ideally there 
should not be a very large group, five or 
six being preferable. 

In our demonstration group there were 
two individuals who had lived in Europe. 
The wider the variety of backgrounds, the 
more liberal and varied is the point of 
view expressed. 

Dr Linderaan 's choice of book was 
DeTocquevillo, Democracy in America . He 
started the group by reading aloud a para- 
graph or two pausing occasionally for com- 
ment on the universality of the author and 
the timeliness of his thinking. Each mem- 
ber of the group reading in turn, was free 
to question, comment, or interrupt the 
reading with reflections on the text. 

Maybe this does not sound very impres- 
sive — just a simple reading and thinking 
about some provocative writing, and yet we 
felt that it did lead to more individual 
enjoyment, m^re group thinking and more 
interchange of ideas than might appear in 
the initial evaluation. We believe that 
it is a method that can be promoted in a 
branch libraiy with success. It does re- 
quire several copies of the same book, but 
that is a minor consideration in view of 
i.ts practicality and informality, 

Dr Lindeman summarized the values by 
reading aloud that there is a high correl«» 
ution between good silent reading and the 
vooal form. The continued practice of 
reading aloud leads to more careful and 
thoughtful silent reading. 

On another day liiss Monroe concluded the 
afternoon with a demonstration of a "Great 
Books Discussion" as one method of Adult 
Education group work. She asked for volun- 

into profitable and liberal interpretations 
of the text. Miss Monroe did this by a 
series of skillful questiens directed some- 
times to the group, and again to the less 
vocal individuals. The questions were aimed 
to present a consensus of opinion and to 
enrich the horizons of group members. The 
discussion led to tha aooeptanoe of differ- 
ences on some of the issues. While there 
were no real clashes of opinions there was 
an adequate demonstration of how a group 
thinks cooperatively abeut a given book. 
It certainly was an outstanding demonstra- 
tion of an approved raathod of group think- 
ing and learning -vhich depends on skillful 
leadership. This meth(*d relies upon the 
informality of a give and take answer to 
questions, and yet the leader must tact- 
fully lead the group through the impasse 
of narrow and hasty f^pinions to wider and 
more liberal thinking* Discussion is an 
art and not a formula. As one of the most 
creative and versatile forms of adult 
education, it requires the best in both 
the individual membera and the leader. 

The three group diaeussions in which 
everyone was a member of a small group 
were more than demonstrations j they were 
subjective experienees. From tliese three 
brief discussions, we, ourselves, experi- 
enced some of the benefits of discussion 
groups. We, ourselves, witnessed the chang- 
ing attitudes of librarians with seemingly 
imcompatible communities, conservative and 
liberal-minded, slowly pome to agreement on 
basic principles acceptable to all. Only 
here, in the small group discussions did 
the more reticent registrants find the 
medium in which they pould express them- 
selves. Here, also, we discussed problems 
that personally eonperned usj for example, 
several groups thought of applying these 
new techniques not only with the public, 
but at staff meetings and at trustee meet- 

Another advantage of having the group 
discussions during the Institute was the 
opportvinity of applying almost simultane- 
ously the principles and criteria as listed 


by Professor Bernstein, The leaders of j 
the groups could practice his suggestions i 
and the group members could evaluate theirj 
leaders and themselves as group members. 
The members were able to realize for then>- 
selves how helpful were the occasional 
summaries of the leaders and the members 
could appreciate the role of a construc- 
tive group member who was able to under- 
stand another member's point of view. 

The Institute, enlivened and pointed up 
by the various stimulating demonstrations, 
has truly provided a sound foundation, a 
frame of reference for those who were 
fortunate enough to come, see, listen — 
and leaml The meetings left one con- 
vinced of the value and importance of 
group discussions, of the library's func- 
tion in community leadership, and with the 
firm resolve to experiment with, and to 
put into practice the exciting, novel 
techniques and procedvires. In closing the 
Institute, lIUss Edge said, "We have just 
had a spiritual and intellectural banquet? 
It was indeed a remarkable and thrilling 


Professional Literature 

Boston, Public Library,. Cataloging and 
Classification Department o Reference and 
Research Service s » 

Ilanual of cataloging and classification 
policies, prepared by Mary D, Farrell, 

Boston, Boston Public Library, 19^1 

Brown, James Duff 

Llanual of library economy, ^th ed, by 

W, C, Berwick Sayers, 
London, Grafton & Co., 1937 

Drury, Gertrude Gilbert, ed. 

The library and its organization; 

reprints of articles and addresses, 
N.Y,, H, W, Wilson Co,, 192U 

Janzow, Laura M,, ed. 

The library without the walls j reprints 

of papers and addresses, 
N,Y,, H, W, Wilson, T927 

Jc^nnson, Margaret F,, and Dorothy E, Cook 
Manual of cataloging and classification 
for small school and public libraries, 
N,Y,, H. W, Wilson, 19^0 

Kotinsky, Ruth 

Adult education councils, 
N,Y,, American Association for Adult 
Education, 19hO 


Angoff, Charles 

Journey to the dawn, 
N.Y,, Beechhurst, 19^1 

Barrett, William E» 
The left hand of God, 
N,Y.. Doubleday, 19^1 

Coxe, George H, 

The vri.dow vdth a gun, 
NpYo, Knopf, 1951 

Flannigan, Katherine M, 
The faith of Mrs Kelleen, 
N.Y,, Coward-McCann, 19^1 

Koestler, Arthur 
The age of longing, 
N,Y,, Macmillfn, 1951 

Swinnerton, Frank 
A flower for Catherine, 
N,Y,, Doubleday, 195l 

Ullman, James Ramsey 
River of the suno 
Philadelphia, Lippincott, 1951 

Wouk, Herman 

Tlie Caine mutiny, 
NoY., Doubleday, 1951 


Argus, Ma Ko 

Mos c o^T-on- the-Huds on » 
N,Y,_, Harper, 1951 

Bartlett; Arthur 

Baseball and }!\r Spaulding, 

N,Y,^ Farrar. Straus & Young, 1951 

Harriman, Margaret Co 
The vlci'^us circle o 
N,Yo, Rinehart, 1951 

Hughes. Langs ton 

Montage of a dream deferred, 
N,Y„, Holt, 1951 

Jones, Stacy V, 

HoiT to get it from the government, 
N.Y,, Dutton, 1951 


Kennedy, Nancy, conip. 

The Ford treasury of favorite recipes 

from famous eating places, 
N.Y,, Simon & Schuster, 19^0 

Lamb, Harold 

Suleiman, the magnificent. 

C3ar'i9n City, N.Y., Doubleday, 1951 

Loeb, Robert H,, Jr. 

A wolf in chef's clothing. 
Chicago, I'aicox & Follett, 1950 

Mizener, Arthur 

The far side of paradise. 
Boston, Houghton Mifflin, 1951 

Rukavina, Kathaleen S, 
Jungle pathfinder. 
N.Y. , Exposition Press, 1950 

Thomas, Lowell, Jr. 
Out of this world. 
N.Y., Greystone Press, 1950 

Waters, Ethel, vdth Charles Samuels 
His eye is on the sparrovT. 
N.Y,, Doubleday, 1951 

Wilson, Donald Powell 
My six convicts. 
N,Y,, Rinehart, 1951 

Woodhara-Smith, Cecil 
Florence Nightingale, 
N.Y,, McGraw-Hill, 1951 

X, Father 

Everybody calls me father, 
NoY., Sheed and Ward, 1951 


The July 7, 1951 issue of the Saturday 
Rev iew of Literature is captioned "Our 
J-,' brarians • Diamond Jubilee" . Two of 
j.t3 articles that afford stimulating read- 
it-S are: 

Hvans, Luther H, The public library ; 
ra-ipa rt for freedom, p. 6-8.33. 

i'nis is an interesting statement from 
the Librarian of Congress. He touches on 
the concepts of freedom of speech and free 
d.o:a of the press, freedom to hear, and 
IrGedora to discuss, in their relationships 
to the free public library. He points out 
the tempo of change today, as it effects 

the need of constant access to the printed- 
page if intellectual horizons are to be 
kept from shrinking in relation to contri- 
butions to information and ideas made avail- 
able today via the printed page. Turning 
from this area of pure thought, Mr Evans 
presents a thumbnail sketch of the status 
of the public library today stating, "For 
an institution of such superlative social 
importance the public library has faltered 
alarmingly in support and in accomplishment." 
He enumerates four sources of the short- 
comings of the system; first, its decentral- 
ized local support and management j second, 
the need for more and better librarians; 
third, the need of extending library ser- 
vices to include all media capable of in- 
expensive acc\iraulation into reservoirs; and 
fourth, the failure of the library to fit 
itself into the life of readers by conven- 
ient methods, locations and services. 
Better financial support is a basic consid- 
eration involved in overcoming these handi- 
caps and in achieving that important level 
of service needed to keep libraries free 
and able in the role they should assume in 
a free society, 

Detzer, Karl, They pushed out the walls , 
p. 8-10, 

This is an account of }iow the Louisville 
Free Public Library of Kentucky has blos- 
somed. Two men - Mayor Charles F, Farnsley 
and Librarian Clarence R. Graham - poured 
energy and Ideas into the fonnula, "Tear 
down the walls. Take the library out to 
the people." Money has been fortunately 
available to make possible these excursions 
into the field of radio* television, picture 
collections, and recordings » Courage was 
theira to take dovm the "Vi/'hite Only" signs. 
Much of this program is familiar, reported 
piecemeal in professional journals. But 
this slick journalistic account make in- 
teresting review reading. It is in keeping 
with the quotation that terminates the 
article. "The librarian must not only be 
a scholar and educator, he must be a shrewd 
advertiser of his library's goods. He must 
buy his materials, display them, and pro- 
mote them with all the skill of a huckster." 

Osborn, Andrew D» Dewey - 1951 in Library 
Journal, Vol. 76, No. 13; July, 1951. p. 1118- 

Those who have handled the new edition of 
the Dewey Classification tables will have 
their own vivid impressions of the changes 
that meet the eye straightway. The tradi- 


tional brofvm binding, the raultif ace-type, 
the simplified spelling, and the intriguJog 
classification provisions for the most 
hypothetical book, in some cases, have 
been superceded by a green-bound hant^y-- .. 
sized volume, printed in conventional 
English, in clear attractive type faces of 
few fonts. This article by Mr Andrew D, 
Osbom, which is more than a review, looks 
at the book from the point of view of the 
classification modifications, and discuss- 
es specific ehanges that vdll make it 
easier in anticipating changes in practiCB£ 
based upon the previous editions. Use will 
bring out a great deal more than any one 
study will, of course, but Mr Osborne has 
done some interesting counting and compar- 
ing that those not working with the sched- 
ule will find impressive and those working 
with the schedule will be saved from 

Rider, A. F, Story of decimal classifi - 
cation . Library Journal, Vol, 76, No, 6, 
iferch 15, 1951, p, U73-6. 

This article, would seem well worthwhile 
reading to refresh one's mind with the 
names, editions and other developments 
associated with the venerable if recently 
rejuvenated Dewey, Mr Ryder's use of 
Melvil Devray's notes as well as his per- 
sonal acqixaintance with Mr Dewey makes the 
article authoritative as well as interest- 

Altick, Richard, The scholar ad'cea* * 
turers, N,Y,, Macmillan, 1950, 

Essentially a series of literary essays 
on research problems. This can be read 
by the librarian as an apologia and almost 
as a glorification of the art and calling 
of the catalogerj the refereno© worker, 
the librarian, who stands and serves. The 
"Case of the Curious Bibliographer" brings 
out how the thorough, vigilant, cataloger, 
bibliographer, librarian might have for- 
s tailed a major literary and financial 
hoax, "The Quest of the Knight Prisoner" 
shows how earless cataloging impeded re- 
search on Sir Thomas Malory for years — 
and kept one edition of his "Mort d 'Arthur^ 
from coming to light until 193U> because 
the text was not examined prior to catalog 
ing. The book has a wealth of literary 
detail as well as some jocose handling of 
the literary trade. I don't think there's 
been a book like it since Altrocchi's 
"Sleuthing in the Stacks," 

Periodical Department 

Periodically Speaking 

Arrangements with the motion picture 
industry for the production of a series of 
official Federal Civil Defense Administra- 
tion films are now completed. Designed 
for wide l6mm distribution *•• and based 
on information contained in public educa- 
tion booklets prepared by the Federal Civil 
Defense Administration, these films will be 
designated official U, S, Civil Defense 
films. No other films, it v.-as stated^ 
will carry this approval, or any other 
Federal Civil Defense Administration en- 

Titles include: "Survival Under Atomic 
Attack,"; "Preparing Your Home Against 
Atomic Attack"; "Fire Fighting for House- 

Full information which includes price 
lists and release dates can be fovind in the 
news from: Around the State , Illinois Li- 
braries, pp, 283-U> June 1951» 

Note to the Bindery Department: 

A **personal" article on the New York Pub- 
lic Library's printer, John Archer, who is 
retiring after Ul years of service, can be 
found, with photograph, in American Print eg 
p, 32, June 195l» 


For the first time in- the history of the 
Library members of the staff were repre- 
sented in the exhibits on all three floors 
of the Library during the month of June, 
Mr Arthur W, Heintzelman, Curator of Prints, 
was represented \fy two of his etchings, in 
the Wiggin Galleryj Mr Kenneth Barnes, 
Periodical and Newspaper Department, had an 
exhibition of photographs of Mexico on dis- 
play in the Puvis de Chavannes Galleryj and 
Mr George S, Scully, Exhibits Office, was 
represented by background drawings of 
French scenes in the display cases in the 
main lobby* 




Any contribution to the Soap Box must be 
accompanied by the full name of the Asso- 
ciation member submitting it, together 
with the name of the Branch Library, De- 
partment, or Office in v/hich he or she is 
employed. The name is withheld from pub- 
lication, or a pen name used, if the con- 
tributor so requests* Anonymous contribu- 
tions are not given consideration. The 
author of the article is known only to the 
contributor and to the Editor-in-Chief. 
The contents of articles appearing in the 
Soap Box are personal opinions expressed 
by individual Association members and 
their appearance does not necessarily in- 
dicate that the Publications Committee and 
the Association are in agreement with the 
views expressed. 

Dear Soap Box Editor: 

"The tumult and the 
shouting are over" ~ the party for Berit 
Larabertsen is over and she has sailed back 
to Norway and library work in her native 
country. We have been glad to have her 
with us; we have told her soj we have 
given her gifts and sent her away with all 
best wishes for success. 

I think there is more to it than that. 
I think she has provided us with an incen- 
tive to reexamine ourselves critically and 
to answer honestly the question: How do I 
rate as a representative of ray library, of 
my city, of my state, and of my countiy? 
To my way of thinking, Berit Larabertsen 
rates 100^. 

S. M. U. 

To the Soap Box: 

Thanks to Mr Barnes for a 
valuable and interesting insight into 
'■'r^rofessional hobbies", in his recent ex- 
h-Zoit. Are there any more sources to be 
tapped in the "Librarian's Reservoir of 

M. F. R. 

Dear Editor: 

It may have escaped the notice 
of some, the rather important changes that 
have been made in the minimum qualifica- 

tions for certain positions appearing in 
the current announcements of vacancies to 
be filled. However, all must have noticed 
the remarkable elasticity which said, "min- 
imum qualifications" have shovm over the 
past few years. If this is not mere vacil- 
lation, if there is a logic or consistency 
behind these changes, other than a venal 
one v/hich respect for our profession compels 
me to dismss fron the mind, it is not 
immediately apparent. 

Why, for example, was experience in the 
administration of a circulation unit of the 
Division of Home Reading and Community 
Services made a prerequisite for First 
Assistants, Assistants-in-Charge, and Branch 
Librarians in said division, yet the posi- 
tion of First Assistant in the General Ref- 
erence Department calls for no administra- 
tive experience whatsoever, and such experi- 
ence in reference work as is required may 
be gained almost anywhere in the system, or 
outside of it? The net effect of this is 
that, while any person in the branches who 
can show a modicum of experience in general 
reference work, and almost any person in 
the branches gets to answer a general ref- 
erence question occasionally, can apply for 
the First Assistantship in the General Ref- 
erence Department, provided they have other- 
wise qualified by examination, yet all 
persons in the Division of Reference and 
Research Services, without previous experi- 
ence in the Division of Home Reading and 
Community Services, are automatically de- 
barred from positions in the latter Divi?- 

Now the justice of this docs not concern 
me too deeply, 'ATio looks for justice in 
this life? But the logic of it does. Why 
is it that last year I was an eligible 
candidate in good standing for several posi- 
tions in the Division of Home Reading and 
Community Services, and this year I am on 
the outside with my nose pressed against 
the glass? There has been no noticeable 
change in my education, training, etc,, 
since last year© I'm still the same lov- 
able tyke I always was* How then has the 
situation been altered to call fort,h such 
a radical change? I am sure thab there is 
a good explanation for the change and I 
have no doubt that by the time this letter 
reaches print, one will be forthcoming. 

Eamon E, McDonough 
Reference Assistant in the 
General Reference Department 


Dear Editor: 

There has been considerable 
discussion lately as to the wisdom, or 
lack of it, in instituting the so-called 
unlimited book privilege. In particular, 
criticism has been a imed at certain members 
of the public who have, according to some 
reliable sources, "abused" the privilege, 
by taking out an "excess" of books. It is 
not my place to defend the public, but, to 
use a hackneyed phrase, if Justice is to 
be served, then defend I must« Actually, 
criticism in this instance, in any form, 
shape, or manner, of any member of the 
public, either to his face or behind his 
back, is grossly unfair. The reason for 
this should be obvious: there is no such 
thing as an actual infraction of this rule, 

When the rule was instituted, there was 
no qualification of it. It merely stated 
that a cardholder could take as many books 
as he wished. Some time ago I tried to 
list all the possible reasons for institute 
ing the rule, I could think of six, I 
have no doubts that all six of the reasons 
were actually considered, including one, 
being the desire to increase circulation, 
but the most likely to have been the de- 
ciding factor was to give ordinary con- 
venience to the public, such as T^ien they 
see a book they want, but already have four 
books out. But for every one of the 
reasons, I could also list at least one 
flaw for which provision should have been 
made, if the rule was to be kept free from 
"abuse". Every one of the flaws is fore- 
seeable. Yet no provision was made for 
any of them. This is the result either of 
shortsightedness, or intentional and 
previous agreement to any abuses which 
might arise. The latter seems unlikely, 
but the former seems incredible. More 
than one person knew that the rule vras to 
go into effect. Surely someone might have 
foreseen the difficulties and "abuses" 
thatTOuld arise, and could have done some 
thing to prevent them. 

In any case, the thing to do now is 
either to admit the mistake and correct 11:^ 
or bear with it and keep quiet. But, in 
either event, criticism of any member of 
the public is unfair, regardless of how 
much he may seem to be abusing it. In the 
mind of Mr John Q, Public, the rule v/as 
instituted for his benefit and convenience 
and there is no reason why he should not 
use it to the utmost. And he is so right 

This letter would hardly bewDrthwhile, 
unless I offered a suggestion for correct- 
ing the situation. It follows. 

1) Limit the number of books allowed 
on a card to six (6), This is 
plenty for the average reading 
public. They got along for years 
on four. 

2) Of these six, allow one seven, and 
two fourteen day books, so that 
not more than half their books 
could be new books, 

3) Allow the borrower to take out 
more than six books, in special 
circumstances, but only at the 
discretion of the librarian in 
charge. This discretion is given 
now in the case of renewals and 
summer reading. 

Are there any flaws in this? Certainly. 
The principle one being that the librarian 
in charge is going to have a few more in- 
dignant people on her hands, who think 
they should be allowed to take a certain 
book, and the librarian says "no". But I 
think that librarians should be chosen for 
their tact and ability to handle the public 
even more than for their knowledge of li- 
brary science. An Illiterate can eventu- 
ally be taught to file cards. It is a lot 
harder to change a tactless person into a 


A job is never rushed, or speeded through* 
'Til it reaches the Record Room, that seems 

to be the cue. 
It hangs around to be approved and such 
And people don»t seem to hurry much J 
But charging down the corridor they breath^ 

lessly announce J 
"Hwrry, rush, out by twelve!" and off they 

So valiantly we do our best 
And meet the deadline, quite a test, 
, Every time we comply, 
I wonder whyi (sigh) 

E, M, S. 



Athanasius Sraeed the humble 

Athanasius Smeed the quiet 

Who always xras knoiivn to sit alone 

And never engage in a riot 

Awoke one day from his dreaming 

Awoke from his bookish devotion 

To Duty, with fevered brain teeming 

With thoughts of a Big Promotion, 

Straightway to the Maggid of Copley 

The wise man whom everyone knew. 

And said Athanasius^ ^'V.'hat -wLll be eff i- 

Tell me just what it :is I mnst coj' 
And the Maggid said, "Examinations r," 

So Smeed as if ii.rged bj/- mid horses 

Pro.;eedod to take all the courses 

And. j.lirc'iip;h all of them flew 

One by' one.-, tvio by two;, 

And studied and crammed 

/.nd was finally examed, 

Theii waited to receive his due> happened •^ 

Bcck Smeed went again to the wise man 

Doiafully murmuring "Something's amiss* 

I did as you bade 

And to do it was glad. 

Now what am I Lacking in this?" 

The Maggid said, "Degree," 

Right quick o\ir brave Athanasius 
Erirolled with the greatest of speed, 
Embarked on the career most dismal and 

Of Undergraduate Smeed. 
Semester after semester 
Credits he piles up a-pace 
By day and by night and mid summer's 

'Til he came to the end of the race« 
Clutching his prized piece of paper 
Ho waved i.t as promotions went by* him they went, some other place bent. 
And left him to sit high and dry. 

Sadly approached he the wise man 

"icw ^jong." he sobbed, "how long 

■j"»/ci I s-'..,;'dy my cooks 

And sit on tenterhooks? 

What did I do that was wrong .•>" 

The Maggid said, "Library School." 

With faith now renewed, with new hopes 

With a marked air of manly defiance, 
Smeed vient forth from there to the atmos- 
phere rare 

[Of the Beautyrest School of Library Science, 
Projects he planned, and articles scanned, 
Read Mudge and McDiarmid and Haines 
And those invlauable tools, the old L, C, 

But what did he get f or his pains? 

Forlornly he crept to the wise man. 

Like an atom that's failed in its fission 

He said, "This is absurdo 

Tell me what-s the good word 

That will aid me to reach my ambition?" 

The Maggid said^ "Points*" 

Smeed had lost his enthusiasm 

:But he thought that he-d give it a try. 

He sat on the floor and added his score 

To see how many points he'd put by a 

He counted them up ai\d he count'ed them down 

And sideways and backwards and forth. 

He counted them round and he c ounted them 

He compassed them by south and by north. 
And oust as he knewj he had quite a f eWe 
But what good did it do? 

Yet joyously Smeed returned to the wise man. 
His heart it vras light; it was gay. 
For ambition had floimn ' 

His soul was his ownj 
He cared not what the Jfaggid might say-. 
And the Maggid mumbled, "Tap dancing - 
I'm sure a knowledge of tap dancing will 
do it." 


Mr and Mrs George Meyers announce the 
birth of a son, George Douglas, on June 30,; 
1951. Mrs Meyers is the former Alice 
Toorks vjho worked in the Book Purchasing 
Department o 



Published ty The Boston Public Library Professional Staff Association 

Volume VI, Number 8 

August 1951 

Publications Comxiittee : 

Geraldine M, Altraan, Ruth S, Cannell, Mary F, Daly, Thomas 
J, Manning, Beryl Y, Robinson, Martin F, Waters, Louisa S, 
Metcalf, Chairman 

Publication date ; 
The fifteenth of each nonth 

Deadline for subnittinR material ; 
The tenth of each month 


Throughout the year 1951 librarians have 
been asked to reflect on and to reestab- 
lish in their minds those principles and 
values inherent in our American heritage. 
In such a retrospective mood, Involving 
concepts and basic values, our thoughts 
went back to the librarians of many years 
ago - to o\ir heritage as librarians. Ac- 
cording to all available account these 
librarians of another day were invariably 
considered, not only with respect and 
honor, but with genuine affection. What 
were their values? By what criteria were 
they judged before the days of library 
schools, scientific approach, position 
analysis, and other means of evaluation? 
Turning to the very early reports of the 
Trustees and Superintendents (Librarians, 
Directors) of the Boston Public Library 
for clues, we were immediately intrigued 
with three words which recurred in their 
descriptions of the excellence of the 
library personnel. These words were 

A cheerful person vrauld lend an element of 
peaceful happiness conducive to, and quite 
appropriate for, a pleasing library atmos- 
phere. The collective description suggests 
a combination of knowledge, warmth of per- 
sonality, plus interest and a desire to 
help. As prinary requisites for librarian- 
ship it would indeed be difficult to im- 
prove on these. 


New Staff Members 

Miss Lillian L. Friedman, Washington 
Village Branch Library. 

Mrs Naomi L, Yfayne, West End Branch Li- 


Mrs Joyce P. Ellis, Roslindale Branch 
Library, to Bookmobile. 

Miss Ruth M. Gomes, Washington Village 
Branch Librarj^ to Phillips Brooks Branch 
intelligence , zealousness, and cheerf \iliefls | Library. 

Miss Ellen E, Richwagen, Bookmobile, to 
Roslindale Branch Library. 

In the exact shade of meaning of each word, 
we have what even today stands as a pic- 
ture of an almost perfect librarian. 

Intelligence would indicate a high de- 
gree of understanding and knowledge and 


Miss Bernadette F» Russell, Roslindale 

the ability to apprehend the inter relation- Branch Library, to Mr John J. 'Callahan 

ships of presented facts in such a way as 
to guide action towards a desired goal. 
Zealousness would be characterized by an 
active and eager interest in problems - a 
sort of efficiency with wantr.ess, neces- 
sary in those who would win the confi'lence 
of, and work vrell vdth, people. Cheerful- 
ness would imply a bright and equable 
ten5)er or disposition showing itself in 
the face, the voice, the action. It sug- 
gests a strong and spontaneous, but quiet, 
flow of good spirits - not a hail-fellow- 
well-met, not a hearty person, but the 
best aspects of each with the brakes on. 

of Chariest own. 

ysiss F. Laurelle Yfest, Phillips Brooks 
Branch Library, to llr Harold Cole of 


Miss Anne L» Moore, Office of Division 
of Home Reading and Community Services, to 
Mr Paul J. Dolan on Jtay 2, 1951. 


A daughter, Ellen iandra, to Mr and Mrs 
Jack Terban, on August U. I^s Terben is a 
member of the staff of the Mattapan Branch 



A daughter, Joan Elizabeth, to Mr and 
Mrs Arthur B, Farren, on August 7» Mr 
Farren is a Junior Custodian at the latta- 
pan Branch Library. 


Mrs Rose G» Giella, North End Branch Li- 
brary, to remain at home. 

Miss M, Virginia Lyons, Kirstein Busi- 
ness Branch, to accept a position with the 
U, S, Army in Germany, 

Mrs Arlene Mullin, West End Branch Li- 
brary, to live in North Middleboro, 

Mrs Anna Lou Shanor, Phillips Brooks 
Branch Library, to live outside the Boston 


Miss Mary C, Toy, Chief, Young People's 
Room, July 31, 1951. 

Mr Zoltan Haraszti, Keeper of Rare Booka 
who sailed on the S. S, Liberte on July 3J 
for a ten-weeks' trip to Europe. 

m TfJELCO]\ffi BACK 

Miss Nina Bartalini, Branch Issue De- 
partment, after three months' visit with 
relatives in Italy, 

Miss Marie Cashman, Open Shelf Depart- 
ment, after an accident. 

Miss Rosalie Lang, History Department, 
after a trip abroad. 

Miss Pearl Smart, Personnel Office, 
after an illness. 


Mr Leo J, Hines, formerly of the Open 
Shelf Department, is in charge of the 
daily noonday organ recitals inaugurated 
this season on Boston Common. The enthu- 
siasm of the crowds observed at the Park- 
man Bandstand testify to the success of 
this pleasant experiment. 

Mr Bradford M, Hill, Deputy Supervisor 
of Reference and Research Services and 
Chief of Periodical and Newspaper Depart- 

ment, is receiving congratulations on his 
reelection as a member of the SORT Steer- 
ing Committee and as Editor of SORT Bulle- 
tin, His letter of notification, answered 
in the affinnative, is of interest to all: 

Dear Mr Hill; 

I am very happy to tell you 
that you have been reelected a member of 
the SORT Steering Committee for 1951-52, 
At the Steering Committee yesterday, 
July 11, you were also reelected Editor 
of the SORT Bulletin, and I hope very 
much that you will accept, for you have 
done such an outstanding piece of work 
that I can't imagine the Bulletin vfith- 
out you at its head. 

Miss Cathon and I are doubly sorry 
that you couldn't come to this Conference; 
first, because we wish you could hear the 
compliments people have been paying the 
Bulletin; and second, because we would 
have liked for you to be enjoying the 
pleasant company (as you know, we invit- 
ed people to make the SORT Booth their 
headquarters during the Conference, and 
a lot of them didi). 

May I hear from you as soon as possible 
so I can make the announcements to the 

Sincerely yours, 

(SIGflED)Dorothy Heiderstadt 
Chairman, SORT 

P.S. The two nev/ members of the Steer- 
ing Committee are; 
Mrs Frances Griffin, Buffalo P.L, 

Staff Assn. 
Mss Eunice Coston, Atlanta P» L, 

Staff Assn, 

The CARE scrapbook is back after being 
on display at the SORT Booth during the 
ALA Conference in Chicago, The following 
letter, received by Miss May C. McDonald, 
Chairman, CARE Committee, is most gratify- 

Dear Itttss McDonald; 

I am writing to tell you hovj- much 


we appreciated having the CARE scrapbook 
on exhibit at the SORT Booth during ALA. 

It was such an interesting scrap- 
book and many people examined it. 

You may be interested in one com- 
ment I overheard, "Look, what the Boston 
Association does with its money and we 
have a party." A visitor from the li- 
brary school in Helsinki, Finland was 
delighted to find a letter from the Di- 
rector of the Helsinki Library and said 
she had just had a letter from him that 

Thank you for sending the scrapbooki 

Sfhcerely yours, 

(SIGNED) Latira E, Cathon 

Ex-Chairman, SORT 


Warm summer days and vacation absences 
bring about a period of inactivity in the 
program of the Association. There have 
been no pressing matters requiring prompt 
attention and the Executive Board has not 
met since June. None the less, the officers' 
and individuals on the various committees 
have been continuing their work and plans 
in preparation for the fall projects, when 
it is expected that the members will have 
returned refreshed and with new vigor for 
the year ahead. 



Miss Gwen Barrows, Assistant Attache' of 
the Office of the Embassy of the United 
States of America, London, England, visit- 
ed the Library on August 6, saw the Indian 
arts exhibit and immediately sought to 
borrow the entire exhibit, currently being 
shown on all three floors, in order to 
send it on tour of the libraries and 
museums of England, Scotland, North Ireland 
and Wales. She considered it a splendid 
way to bring to the attention of peoples 
in other countries this particular contri- 
bution of the American Indian. 



On Thursday, July 26, Daisy Meadows of 
the l/ilhiting Milk Company, spend a day on 
the Bookmobile, traveling from West Roxbury 
to Boston, in preparation for making a 
tape recording. On Thursday, August 2, 
the tape recording was made for the broad- 
cast which will be heard over WNAC on 
August 23 or 30 at 9:l5 a.m» 

In connection v;ith the Library's recent 
exhibit of antique automobiles, Mr Byron 
Hull, a member of the Antique Automobile 
Association v/ith headquarters at the Larz- 
Anderson Museum in Brookline, appeared on 
¥;NAC-TV as Bill Hahn's guest on Friday, 
July 27. 

Mr Walter C. Forse, Director of Public 
Relations for the Boston Council, Boy 
Scouts of America, was interviewed by 
Vincent Maloney on Monday, July 30, on 
YTOAC-TV, Ltr Forse gave a preview of the 
current exhibition. The Arts of the Ameri- 
can Indians. 


"It takes less than a second to say 

"By actual measurement, it requires 0.016 
minute for the average person to say 'will 
you'. Yes, sixteen-thousandths of a mi- 
nut el If you give ^0 orders a day, and 
preface each with a 'will you', you Td.ll 
thereby use up 0.175? of your normal work- 
ing day - or 0.8 minute. 

"According to the micro^ratch, O.OlU mi- 
nute are needed to say 'please'. Fourteen- 
th ousandths of a minuted Less than a 
second. So if you say ^0 'pleases' a day, 
you will thereby use up 0.1^^ of your work 
day - or Oe7 minute. 

"A simple 'thank you' requires 0,036 mi- 
nutes. Again, sixteen-thousandths of a 
minute I Spoken $0 times a day, that's 
0.17^ of your work day - or 0.8 minute. 

"Add them up: 0.8 + 0^7 ♦ 0.8 « 2.3. 
If you show your good manners ^0 times a 
day, a high average, this will have taken 
2.3 minutes of your 8 hour day." From 


Factory Management and Maintenance, Vol, 
109, No. 7, July 1951. 

(Aa a general practitioner of human re- 
lations for the Library, are you putting 
on your best "desk-side" manner, not to 
mention putting in your "time", vihen deal- 
ing with the public???) 

The Personnel Office may be interested 
in an article in the same issue, under the 
EMPLOYEE RELATIONS, According to the cap- 
tions, the first page is a personal letter 
sent a few days after the employee's de- 
parture from the company, along with two 
more pages comprised of lili questions that 
cover the human relations program in detail' 
Results include about 6^% response of 
frank, helpful, constructive criticisms 
and comments, 


Miss Mildred E, Francis, Business Office, 
was guest of honor at a dinner at Town 
House on Thursday, August 9, attended by 
members of the staff of the Business 
Office and friends from other parts of the 
Library, Miss Francis, who is being mar- 
ried on August 25, was presented with a 
corsage and a gift on money. 

On Tuesday, August Ik, Ifiss A, Virginia 
Haviland was hostess at a shower in honor 
of Miss F, Laurelle West, Phillips Brooks 
Branch Library, Present and foi'msr co- 
workers presented Miss West ¥;ith a Univer- 
sal Automatic Porculator, and many indi- 
vidual gifts. 

On Tuesday morning, August lii, from ten 
to eleven o'clock, a coffee party was given 
to honor Miss Jane Hasson, assistant house- 
keeper, as she retires after thirty-five 
years of service in the Central Library. 

Tiie reception was attendec3 by over one 
hvjidi-ed of her friends, jnciudxrg many 
members of the Divi?ion of Busiiiess Opera- 
tions who had previously Yrorkod in l^ss 
Hasson's department, A purse, is token " 

of tho affection of hor many friends, and 
a check from Local Union -^'131^ of which 
Miss Hasson has been vice-president, were 
presented with best wishes for her new life 
of leisure . 

Lovely pink phlox -i.nd pink candles deco- 
rating the tables, and delicious coffee, 
doughnuts, and cookies served by a cgm- 
mittee of long-time friends, helped t» make 
the affair a charming one . 


".,, rules on vredding gifts and retirement: 
Wedding gifts: fp5.00 for service 
from 1 thru 
5 years 
10,00 for service 
from 6 thru 
» 9 years 

15,00 for service 
of 10 years 
or more 
Retirement; 20,00" 

Quote from AD LIB, July 25, 1951 (Indi- 
anapolis Public Library Staff Association) 

Editor's Note: The BPLPSA has ruled on 

the expenditure of money for flowers for 
the services of its deceased members s 
Sh'.uld it, perhaps, now consider gifts for 
members leaving to be married or retiring? 


Arrangements have been made for a series 
of story hours to be given at Playland on 
Boston Common by Children's Librarians 
from the branch library staffs. The first 
hour is to be held at 2 p,m, on Thursday, 
Aug;\st l6, fol'Iowcd by a second story hour 
on Tuesday, A.-g-,ist 21, at 11 a,.,m. The 
series mil continue through the summer on 
Tuesdays at 11 a.-m. and Thursdays at 2 p-v, 
except that no program will be held if it 
is raining at 9 a,m, on either day, 


Man wearing size 8J B, or possibly 8 C 
shoe, contact The Qae^tjon Iferkj Pair of 
practically nevj bruvm snoes are yours for 
the fittings 



Dr Ma ri tain on "Tolerance" 
V/honever ciniizatxon becomes reflec- 

tively turned on itself and its problems, 

it is the philosopher's role to try to 

help us interpret these problems and theiri 

meanings in the light of truth and basic 

values* It was, therefore, particularly 

timely and appropriate that Dr Jacques 

lifeiritain, one of the most powerful forces 

in contemporary philosophy, was chosen as 

a speaker at the 75th Conference of the 

American Library Association. Dr Mari- 

tain's address will be reviewed in its 

entirety in the September issue of the 

"Question Mark", In this issue we include 

only his thoughts on "tolerance" 

Dr Iferitain believes that without mutual 
tolerance democratic society cannot sur- 
vive. In this regard he pointed out that 
"there are people who think that not to 
believe in any truth, or not to adhere 
firmly to any assertion as unshakeably 
true in itself, is a primary condition 
required for democratic citizens to be 
tolerant," This, he maintains, is a bar- 
barous and erroneous assumption. If it 
were true that whoever knows, or claims to 
know truth or justice cannot admit the 
possibility of a view different than his 
own, then it would follow that the ration- 
al animal vjould be the most dangerous of 
beasts. In reality, it is through ration- 
al means, not through coercion, that man 
is bound by his very nature to try to in- 
duce his fellow men to share in what he 
knows, or claims to know to be just, even 
though "truth alviays makes trouble, and 
those who bear witness to it are alvirays 
persecuted" » 

The real problem centers around man's 
rights Ydth regard to his fellow man plus 
his vicious inclinations which derive frcm 
his vd.ll to power. In this regard, theo-. 
rists err when they shift their fight 
feelings about the subject to the object 
and thus deprive man and the human intel- 
lect of adherance to the truth— in which 
consists man's dignity and his reason for 

"There is a real and genuine tolerance 
only v/hen man is firmly and absolutely 
convinced of a truth, or virhat he holds to 
be a truth, and when he at the same time 
recognizes the right of those vjho deny 

and to speak their own mind, not because 
they flee from truth, but because they 
seek truth in their own way, and because 
he respects in them human nature and human 
dignity, and those very resources and liv- 
ing springs of the intellect and of con- 
science which makes them potentially cap- 
able of attaining the truth he loves, if 
someday they happen to see it," 

To say "tolerance',' moreover, is not 
enoughs For tolerance has a merely nega- 
tive connotation. The right v;ord is friend- 
ship, or love J brotherly love. Only love 
which is a positive force can really en- 
force tolerance in human life. It is a 
fateful delusion to substitute skepticism 
for love. Faith in God is the root of 
neighborly love, and neighborly love is the 
core of tolerance. Love for our neighbor 
springs from faith and helps us to recog- 
nize whatever beliefs other than our own 
include of truth and dignity, of human and 
divine values. It makes us respect others, 
urging us to seek in them everything that 
is stamped vdth the mark of man's original 


Friends of Libraries Luncheon 
This year the Friends of Libraries Lunch- 
eon was sponsored jointly by the ALA and 
the Friends of the Chicago Public Library, 
together vdth the Caxton Club, the Society 
of Midland Authors, the Indiana Society of 
Chicago, and the Cliff Dwellers, all lit- 
erary societies of Chicago, in order to 
honor the memory of John T, McCutcheon, 
the famous cartoonist and humorist of the 
Chicago Tribune, This luncheon vras the 
eleventh annual authors ' luncheon of the 
Friends of the Chicago Public Library and 
the above-named literary societies and is 
customarily held in the spring of the year 
to honor an outstanding author of the mid- 
west. However, because the Annual Confer- 
ence of the ALA was held in Chicago this 
year, these associations combined their 
usual program with official greetings to 
the American public libraries, 

Mr Leo R« Etzkorn, Chairman of the ALA 
Friends of Libraries Committee and of the 
Free Public Library, Paterson, Nev/ Jersey, 
welcomed the audience and introduced the 
follovdng guests: !4r Clarence R, Graham, 

this truth to exist, and to contradict hur^ Retiring President of ALAj I.Irs Loleta D, 

Fyan, President of ALA: Miss Helen Ridgway, 


Secretary of ALA Friends of Libraries 
Committee; Mr Edward J» Fahey, Past Presi- 
dent of the ALA Trustees' Divisionj Mr 
Harold Brigham, State Librarian of Indiana 
and new President of the ALA Trustees Div- 
ision of the new Public Libraries Division 
and Milton Gt Ferris, Trustee of the 
Atlanta, Georgia, Public Library, who had 
won an award as an outstanding public li- 
brary trustee in 1950-195l« ^ Etzkorn 
then introduced Miss Flora Belle Ludingtor^ 
Librarian of Mt Holyoke College and Chair- 
man of ALA International Relations Board, 
■fflho in turn introduced many foreign li- 
brarians in the audience. The meeting was 
turned over to Ifr Ralph G, Newman, Presi- 
dent of the Friends of the Chicago Public 
Library, who spoke briefly about the work 
of the Friends of Chicago Public Library. 

The following individuals were next pre- 
sented: Mr Joseph B, Fleming, President 
of the Board of Directors of the Chicago 
Public Library, who vrelcomed the guests 
and praised the work of the Friends of the 
Chicago Public Library. Mr Fleming paid 
tribute to John T. McCutcheon as a contribj-read, approved and voted on; and Mrs Anne 

utor to the educational, political, and 
social life of Chicago; Miss Gertrude 
Gescheidle, Librarian of the Chicago Pub- 
lic Library, T;ho also gave praise to the 
Friends of the Chicago Public Library and 
outlined the organization's activities; 
Mr Franklin J, Meine, President of the 
Caxton Club and the Cliff Dwellers Club 
and author of the book Tall Tales of the 

the widow of the humorist, who spoke very 
movingly of her pleasure at the fine trib- 
utes to her husband, 

Catherine MacDonald 

SORT Meetings 
The seventy-fifth anniversary theme of 
the ALA Conference, Our American Heritage , 
was covered by many experts in various 
fields both in the general sessions and in 
the section meetings* Out of a most prof- 
itable and most enjoyable week, the SORT 
business meeting and the SORT public meet- 
ing should be of particiilar interest to 
those who participate in staff organiza- 
tion activities. 

At the business meeting, presided over 
by Miss Laura E, Cathon, Carnegie Library, 
Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, the usual proced- 
ure was followed: reports were read; votes 
on committee members were collected and 
counted; new constitutional amendments were 

N, Danegger, Northwestern Branch Public Li- 
brary, Chicago, spoke on The Local Staff 
Organization and SORT, Mrs Danegger point- 

ed out hcav the local staff organization can 
contribute toward bringing members to par- 
ticipate in the national organization. 
The advantages of belonging to SORT were 
summarized. It acts as a clearing house 

_ for staff organizations' problems. SORT 

Mr Meine spoke of John McCutchthas conducted many important surveys, some 

eon's life and work on the Chicago Tribune .of T>rhich are: 

He was a war correspondent and traveler 
for that newspaper for h3 years as well as 
a humorist and nationally-known political 
satirist and cartoonist; Miss Fanny 
Butcher of the staff of the Chicago Tri- 
bune who gave a charming informal portrait 
of John McCutcheon as husband and father; 
Dr Edward C» Elliott, President Emeritus 
of Purdue University, John McCutcheon 's 
college, who spoke on John McCutcheon — 
Gentleman; lir Herb Graffis, President of 
the Indiana Society of Chicago, who gave 
a very humorous portrayal of McCutcheon 's 
outlook on life J Mr D. Laurence Chambers, 
President of the Bobbs-Merrill Company, 
publishers of his delightful autobiography 
Drawn from Memory , who commented on 
McCutcheon 's cartoons; John T, McCutcheon, 
Jr, who currently conducts the column en- 
titled A Line o' Type or Two in the Chic- 
ago Tribuno; and Virs John T, McCutcheon, 

1. Job analysis 

2. Pensions and insurance 

3. Salary 

h» In-service training programs 

5. Five-day week 
In making these surveys, SORT has found 
that employees misjudge employers' atti- 
tudes toviiard staff organizatioris. Most 
employers encourage and favor them. Mrs 
Danegger stated that staff organizations 
should be urged to: 

1, Participate in SORT activities. 

2, Contribute to SORT Bulletin, 

3, Contribute tov/ard traveling ex- 
penses of members attending SORT 

U, Assign reporters to SORT* meetings 9 
Foiir key words summed it up: encourage, 
support, publicize and promote. 

Announcements of particular interest to 
our Library are; Mr Bradford M, f^ill. 


Chief of the Periodical and Newspaper De- 
partment, was elected to the SORT Steer- 
ing Committee, and Miss Dorothy P. Shaw, 
of the same department, will continue in- 
dexing the SORT Bulletin, 

At the public meeting. Miss Alma S. Krans, 
Deering Library, Northwestern University, 
Evanston, Illinois, spoke on How Staff 
Organizations Can Aid National Defense « 
The principal speaker was Mr Clarence B, 
Caldwell, Director of Personnel, Sears- 
Roebuck and Company, Chicago, Illinois, 
whose subject was Developing Staff Morale , 

Mr Caldwell started off on a diplomatic 
foot by telling his predominantly female 

what the weakness in a unit may be and how 
to correct it» 

Mr Caldwell stressed that there is no 
simple explanation for any given state of 
employee morale. Such things as top man- 
agement policies and/or direct supervision 
influence employee morale. Management 
must attempt to make business a good place 
to work. In Sears, this has resulted in 
an older group of employees. There is a 
smaller turn-over of employees. 

Decentralization of employe e-manat^ement 
relations should be encouragedc Top man- 
agement must realize that managers must 
allow expression of ideas and be influenc- 
ed in their action by results. For better 

audienoe that "women are more dependable., .cooperation, there must be ample opportun- 

more on the beam»,.more inclined to move 
above,,, and, all things considered, have 
better morale than men," He pointed out 
that good staff morale is important for 
efficient operation of a unit, savings 
throu^ efficiency, and proper use of 
facilities. Objectives of an organization 
can be met only through cooperation and 
teamwork. Employees should have the right 
attitudes and perform duties vidth con* 
scious enthusiasm. 

Methods of discovering or uncovering 
employees' attitudes are: 

1, Go to employee and ask how em- 
ployee feels toward job and com- 

2, Watch for persistent problems of 
management of tinit as -viftiole, 

3, Use combination of methods (anony- 
mous questionnaire, free comment 

k» Use non-directive interviewing of 
employee in area being surveyed. 
The above methods should be handled by 
trained personnel people at the regional 
office level. 

The purposes for such a survey program 

1, To serve as a general temperature, 

2, To locate department where great- 
est satisfaction or dissatisfacticr 

3, To locate problem department. 
Sears-Roebuck conducted an organization 
survey program over a period of tvra years. 
A program of this nature is highly adapt- 
able and can be used in various situations 
It should be employed as a constructive 
effxxrt to assist local management to find 

ity for advancement, freedom to say what 
is on one's mind, security in old age, fair 
hearings of cases, freedom from fear of 
loss of job, feeling of individual respon- 
sibility, and good working conditions, 

A supervisor must do the following to 
help personnel morale: 

1, Know employees as individuals, 

A, Try to understand the things the 
employee does, 

B, Have bond of confidence, 

C, Learn to listen to employees. 

2, Know how people team up with each 

A, Learn how employees are influ- 
enced by each other. 

B, Recognize common bonds between 
employees tending to band toget- 
her. Supervisor thus can pre- 
dict how things vriLll be acted 
upon~how a nevr situation viill 
be accepted, 

3, Know what things are very impor- 
tant to employees, 

h» Know v;ho the informal leaders are. 
They will be on top and can help 
supervisor to reach other employees, 

5, Know vihen human relations problems 
are brewing, 

6, Know hov; to handle problems that 

A, Have an orderly plan of analysis, 
a checklist. 

B, Find out all about problem. 

C, Ifeke up mind before discussing 

D, Do what you have to do. If you 
cannot take action, tell why 
you must say "no." 

E, Handle situation in light of 



F, Avoid stating opinion without 
giving background facts. 

G« Let employee talk. (Do not monopithe 
olize conversation J do not talk 
too much.) 

7. Be sure to follow four simple 
rules in giving new work to an erar- 

A, Tell how work is to be done. 

B, Show how work is to be done. 

C, Observe how work is done. 

D, Correct and compliment work 

8. Tell employees in advance of any 
change and discuss change. 
A, Everybody should voice opinion. 
B« Stop T/hen the meeting is over. 
C, Do not prolong the discussion. 

9. Have clear-cut personnel policies. 
10, Set up a system of rewards that 

are to be given according to 

The "supervisor" may be the chief of the 
department or the person in charge of a 
given unit as well as the supervisor of 
personnel. It is interesting to note how 
many of these methods that Mr Caldwell 
outlined are followed in the Boston Public 

The public meeting was closed by Dorothy 
Heiderstadt, Louis George Branch Library, 
Kansas City, Missouri. Copies of the 1951 
SORT Survey on Retirement and Insurance 
Plans were distributed. The BPLPSA copy 
is on file and may be consulted by any 

Helen Savakian 

Editor's Note ; The remaining reports of 
the ALA Conference will appear in the 
September issue to TheQuestion Mark. 


The delivery of Bookmobile No, 2 has 
been delayed until the early part of Octo- 
ber because the manufacturer of the truck 
chassis could not make an earlier delivery 
to the bookmobile manufacturer. It is now 
expected to place Bookmobile No, 2 in- oper- 
ation about the fifteenth of October. 


During the week of August 13th, two of 
Trustees of the Boston Public Library, 
accompanied by the Director, made a tour 
of certain libraries in the eastern and 
midwestern part of the country. The two 
Trustees who made the trip were Judge Frank 
J, Donahue, and Mr Patrick A, McDonald. 
The trip was similar to that taken by the 
other three Trustees during the summer of 
1950. It took the group to New York, 
Princeton, Baltimore, Washington and 
Detroit. The visitation v;as made in order 
that all of the Trustees would have first- 
hand information, ideas and impressions 
from other libraries which will be helpful 
to them in making their plans for the en- 
largement of the Central Library building. 




Christie, Agatha 

They came to Baghdad. 

New York, Dodd, Mead, 19^1 

Sieveking, Lance de G. 
A tomb with a view* 
London, Faber and Faber, 19^0 


Andrews- Roy C, 
Heart of Asia. 
New York, Duell, Sloan and Pearce, 19^1 

Barrymore, Lionel 
We Barrymores. 
New York, Appleton-Century-Crofts, 19^1 

Better homes and gardens 
Garden book, 
DesMoines, Meredith Publishing Co., 19^1 

Boswell, James 

London journal, I762-I763. 
New York, McGraw-Hill, 1900 

Bradley, Omar N. 
A soldier ^s story. 
New York, Holt, 1951 

'■[•Edward VIII, Kin g of Great Britain 

A king's storjc 

New York, Putnam, 1951 


Garden, Mary- 
Mary Garden's story. 
New York, Simon Se. Schuster, 1951 

Higgins, Marguerite 
Yfar in Korea. 
New York, Doubleday, 19^1 

Spender, Stephen 
World within world. 
New York, Harcourt, Brace, 1951 

Williams-Heller, Annie 

The busy woman's cook book. 

New York, Stephen Daye Press, 1951 


Sc ience and Technology Department 

Mrs Vanda Cariani has recently fulfilled 
her requirements for her Master's Degree 
at Simmons College. 

Mr Walter Fraser, an extra-assistant in 
the Patent Room, has been chosen as the 
St.ulent Representative from Boston Univer- 
sixy at the Fourth Annual Congress of the 
National Student Association in MinneapoHsj West End 



East Boston 

To the tune of "Frere Jacques" the fol- 
lowing "singing commercial" opens the 
weekly meeting of the summer reading club: 

Are you reading - are you reading 

TV members? TV members? 

Come and join our contest 

Come and join our contest 

At the library 

At the library. 
The contest is provided by some healthy 
competition as the three channels into 
which membership is divided compete for 
high scores on the TV screen quizz and 
score board. 

Mt Pleasant 

An excellent example of community coop- 
eration is now in progress. In direct 
response to a suggestion made by Mrs 
Chesley Jones, an active borrower and 
patron, a new series of story-hours for 
pra-school-age children was inaugurated on 
July 25 • Realizing that requests from 

neighborhood children for stories indicated 
a need that could best be met by library 
aid, Mrs Jones proposed a plan to Mrs Bette 
Preer, Children's Librarian, for a coopera- 
tive program for these youngsters i An hour 
of stories, games, browsing, and general 
introduction to the library, under the 
joint leadership of Mrs Jones and Mrs Preer 
on Wednesday afternoons, has been the re- 
sult. In this way, children who would not 
ordinarily have been reached are bein;?; made 
aware of the Library's resources through 
the interested efforts of a true friend of 
the library, 


Before Miss Ruth M, Hayes, Branch Librar- 
ian, l'^.i:t for her vacation the latter part 
of July, the staff tendered her a three- 
point party, A birthday cake expressed 
wishes for many happy returns of tlie day. 
After the refreshments and entertainment. 
Miss Hayes was presented with a gift to 
express a wish for happiness in her new 

home, and also in her new position as 
Branch Librarian of the new Adams Street 
Branch Library. 

The West End Picture Collection borrowed 
a page from the technique of shovir business 
this summer. Just as a successful play 
goes on tour after several seasons in the 
big city, so did the Picture Collection, 
which has long been well known hore, go 
travelling, playing one and two v/eek stands 
in the different branch libraries. The 
pictures were assembled in units, on sub- 
jects of either permanent or contemporary 
interest. Posters made by the members of 
the staff, as well as pertinent book jack- 
ets, accompanied the pictures. The Vatican, 
Cartoons, The Royal Family of England, 
Famous Personalities, State Flowers, The 
Bible — Old and New Testaments, and Children 
in Art, were some of the exhibits, which 
to judge from the reviev/s vie re a 'hit'^ 
All of the above mentioned units, as vrell 
as many others on a variety of subjects, 
are available on request to individuals, 
organizations, and branch libraries. 

There has been an unusual opportunity to 
be of special service during the summer to 
one handicapped boy in this district, 
Patrick's father had sought help from the 
Massachusetts General Hospital for methods 


of correcting the child's stuttering. Onel 
suggestion of the doctor had been to have j 
an interested person spend a short time j 
each day listening to the child read, and | 
reading to him. The father turned immedi-| 
ately to the library vdth these words, "I ! 
have always heard that Miss Goldstein will 
help, if it is at all possible." 

The pleasant task of vrorking with the 
child fell to Miss Elinor Day, Children's 
Librarian, and it was not long before Pat 
showed a little more confidence and less 
self-con9ciousnes3o A visit with his 
mother to talk things over also proved 
helpful in the matter of planning reading. 
The resvilts in terms of generally improved 
reading ability should show up quite 
noticeably this fall, and incidentally, 
Pat is a much happier boy because of his 
special friends at the library. 

At last success has crovmed the unceas- 
ing efforts of the West End Joint Planning 
Beard in the realization of a special 
civic project of the Esplanade. As secre- 
tary of the West End Planning Board, Miss 
Goldstein has worked for more than 15 
years indth municipal and state authorities 
to acquire bathing facilities for the use 
of the TiTest End districtj especially the 
children. A swimming pool, 185' long by 
65' wide, with an ultra modern bath house, 
eqiv'.pped with showers and 1000 lockers 
wh.::,h can be used in the winter, consider- 
ed the most modern in the country, were 
formally opened at a public ceremony on 
Tuesday, July 2U, 1951. Although it cost 
hviAdreds of thousands of dollars to build, 
child and grownup alike may have full use 
of its facilities including locker, towel 
and soap, for the unbelievable sum of one 
penny. It represents only a beginning of 
what will eventually prove to be one of 
the greatest concentrated recreational 


On July 5, 1951, Mr Chester A. S. 
Fazakas, Branch Issue Department, completed 
fifty years of service in the Boston Public 
Library. He was guest of honor at a lunch- 
eon at the Town Room on that day. 


Librarians of Fitchburg and Leominster 
have recently Inaugurated a library service 
believed unique in the state, \irhereby adult 
library card holders in both cities may 
obtain books from either library. 


Any contribution to the Soap Box must 
be accompanied by the full name of the 
Association member submitting it, together 
with the name of the Branch Library, 
Department, or Office in T/hich he or she 
is employed. Tlie name is withheld from 
publication, or a pen name used, if the 
contributor so requests. Anonymous con- 
tributions are not given consideration. 
The author of the article is known only 
to the contributor and to the Editor-in- 
Chief, The contents of articles appear- 
ing in the Soap Box are personal opinions 
expressed by individual Association mem- 
bers and their appearance does not nec- 
essarily indicate that the Publications 
Committee and the Association are in 
a.greement with the views expressed a 

To the Soap Box: 

^ , ^ , „ , . I vras interested to read 

areas an the world. In due course of time^^he article Periodically Speaking (concern- 

there will be installed on the Esplanade, 

from Longfellow Bridge to the Lagoon, 

tennis courts, handball and volleyball graph read^"Full infonmtion...can be 

courts, picknicking and skating facilities U^^^ ^ ^^^^ ^^^^ ^^^^ Around the State, 

etc. Have libraries an important role to 
play in civic development? 


ing Civil Defense films) in the July 
Question Ifcrk. I note that the last para- 

Illinois Libraries",.. Perhaps it is jpro- 
fessional pride that makes us add, "or in 
the Boston Public Library Film Office." 

It may be of interest to note that the 
first of the films mentioned in the article 
in our film librarv and may be borrowed by 


ahy group or organization in Boston* 



Frustration is ray lot of late 

■y/hen looking through the volumes new. 

There's History, Philosophy, 

Psychiatry, and Russia, too. 

How to so?/ and how to knit 

And how to sail the seven seasj 

Of such there is a plenitude 

But where are all the mysteries?????????? 

Viy disposition novi is poor, 
Ify temper's even more soj 
I long to open up a book 
And find a mangled torso. 
Has murder nov; become extinct 
Or outlawed by the library? 
A pox upon the Sciences, 
Give me a gory mysteryiJ 


The shelves are bare, the shelves are bare 
Of books that used to curl my hair 
And now of sleepless nights I lie 
And watch the drowsy stars go by. 

For, oh, alasi The books I see 
Are quite devoid of mystery. 
The heroes bold no longer hunt. 
The instrument's no longer blunt. 

No more my midnight oil I bum. 
Instead, in bed I toss and turn 
And yearn with anguish sore and deep 
For one more corpse before I sleep. 

Dear Editor; 

I have received a nvunber of 
personal comments anent iny letter of last 
month* May I answer them by recounting a 
story that was a great favorite of the 
late Charles Butteirworth. 

It seems that two little boys, Anacreon 
and Aristides, were walking down to the 
drugstore one fine day. As they passed a 
high board fence, the neighborhood bully 
stepped out from behind it and without 
saying a word walked up to Anacreon, 
snatched off his glasses, twisted his tie. 

'cuffed him on the ear and strode away, 

Anacreon pulled himself together and the 
boys proceeded on their errand. On their 
way back they passed the same board fence. 
Again the bully stepped out, trampled on 
Anacreon 's toes, kicked him in the shins, 
knocked him to the ground and strode away, 
Anacreon picked himself up, brushed him- 
self, turned to his friend and said reflec- 
tively, "You know,. Risty, I think that kid 
doesn't like me," Arj-stides, whose father 
was a psychiatrist, stared back over his 
shell-rimmed glasses and replied, "The 
trouble vrith you, Anacreon, is you've got 
a persecution complex," 

To end as llir Butter^vorth used to, "I 
just tell this stoiy to illustrate the 
good feeling existing in this country at 
the present time," 

Eamon E. McDonough 
General Reference 

Dear Editors 

Is it too much to ask of the 
"higher echelon" appointees that the rest 
of the staff be approached with politeness, 
consideration, and dignity? All too often, 
even those members of the staff #10 are in 
responsible positions and who have been in 
the employ of the Library for many years, 
are treated as though they were grade- school 
children on the first day of. -ttieir first 
part-time job,,, or worse. Their motives, 
their knowledge of their work and of li- 
brary procedure are questioned with rude- 
ness and stupid innuendo. 

Even if some of us are sometimes at faull^ 
it would seem there must be a better method 
of approach to the problem. The present 
treatment loses the respect of the staff 
and lowers morale amazingly fast. It is 
neither the adult nor the professional 
approach. Nor does it ever get any other 
result but deep resentment. Yes, I too am 



To the Editor of the Question Markt 

General Reference Department is primarily 
one specializing in "knowledge of and ex- 

In the letter of Itr Eamon McDonough pub- perience in genersil reference work in a 

lished in the "Soap Box" in the July 19^1 
issue of The Question ISark there appear 
several statements upon which comment may 
be helpful. 

He states that for promotional appoint- 
ment to the position of First Assistant in 

large reference and research library," It 
is not con^jarable with a position special- 
izing in administration such as the posi- 
tions of Branch Librarian, Assistant-in- 
Charge, First Assistant in a branch library. 
To clarify further, the Library has 

the General Reference Department "such ex- attempted to make the standards set in the 
perience in reference work as is required minimum qualifications for promotional 
may be gained almost anywhere in the sys- appointments more adequately specific in 
tem, or outside of itj" and again that their application to the positions to be 
"any person in the branches who can show a filled* In considering candidates for 
modicum of experience in general reference promotional appointments, attention has 
work, and almost any person in the branch- been given not only to education and train- 
es gets to answer a general reference ing but also to actual experience in the 
question occasionally, can apply for the fields represented by the positions to 
First Assistantship in the General Refer- vAiich promotional appointments are to be 
ence Department, provided they have other-! made. See the statement of procedure 
wise qualified by examination..." He j under "Evaluation of Candidates" which 
appears to have overlooked in the state- j appears in the announcements of promotional 
ment of minimum qualification for this appointments. This has included "experi- 
promotional appointment the specification ence" together with "formal education" and 

of the kind of library program in which 
"experience in general reference work" 
must have been obtained, namely, "experi- 
ence in general reference work in a large 

reference and research library " (the underj- promotional appointment is to be made. To 

lining is mine). It is believed obvious 
that the services of the Division of Home 
Reading and Community Services are not in 
any sense con^jarable with those of "a 
large reference and aregearch library." 
The type of "largo reference and research 
library" indicated by the specifications 
is exemplified by such institutions as the 
Harvard University Library and the Library 
of Congress, or by parts of institutions 
such as the Reference Department of the 
New York Public Library and the Division 
of Reference and Research Services of the 
Boston Public Library. Thus "experience 

"training", and it has indicated the vari- 
ations in iTeighting to be given to these 
three elements, depending upon the position 
and its divisional location to which the 

be consistent with this it seems desirable 
therefore that the statement of minimum 
qualifications be equally specific in 
application to the positions to be filled. 

The point therefore, is not whether an 
individual is employed in the Division of 
Reference and Research Services or the 
Division of Home Reading and Community 
Services, but rather whether he has had 
"experience in general reference work in 
a large reference and research library^' or 
"experience in the administration of a 
circulation unit." If he possesses the 
required qualifications, irrespective of 

in general reference work" in a branch li-! where gained, be it in the Boston Public 

brary in the Boston Public Library system 
does not meet the minimxm qualifications 
set for the promotional appointment in 

Further, Mr McDonough raises the ques- 
tion of "why, for example, was experience 
in the administration of a circulation 
unit of the Division of Home Reading and 

Library system or elsewhere, there is no 
barrier preventing his transferring from 
one division of the Boston Public Library 
to another. He is not "automatically 
debarred" from doing so. 

Finally, a comment on the last question 
which Ifr McDonough asks. "TiVhy is it tiiat 
last year I was an eligible candidate in 
Community Services made a prerequisite for good standing for several positions in the 
First Assistants, Asslstants-in-Charge, Division of Home Reading and Community Ser- 
and Branch Librarians in said division, vices, and this year I am on the outside 
yet the position of First Assistant in the with my nose pressed against the glass?" 
General Reference Department calls for no A review of the Announcements of Promotion - 
administrative experience whatsoever...?" al Appointments to be Made prior to the 
The position of First Assistant in the , July 7, 1951 announcements revealed that 


the statement of Minimum Qualifications 
contained an inconsistency. V/hereas the | 
first statement of minimum qualifications 
in each instance set forth the Promotional 
Examination requirement with no experiencej 
requirement, the alternative statements ' 
■Uiat followed did contain an experience { 
requirement either in the Division or in . 
the field in v/hich the position was locat-j 
ed» In the interest of the Library to ob-J 
tain candidates v;ith actual experience as | 
Vfell as examination accomplishments, the 
experience requirement either in the Divi~l 
sion or in the field in which the position 
was located has been added to the first | 
minimum qualification on the announcements! 
made on July 7j 1951 • This is true exceptj 
in one instance, namely, the announcement 
of promotional appointment to be made to 
the position of Bookmobile Librariano 
Because this area represents a compara- 
tively new field of library activity to 
the Boston Public Library, opportunity for 
an expression of interest in and applica- 
tion for this titular position has been 
provided to members of the staff who have 
quaj.ified by th3 passing of the appropri- 
ate Promotional Examinations. 

Thank you for this opportunity to make 

Yours sincerely, 

Elizabeth Wright 
Supervisor of Personnel 


they appreciate 
nf,the :rlands 

To t,he Professional Staff Assoc. 

This month I accepted gratefully the 
food-parcel you sent to a Public Library 
in The Hague. It v/as a very nice surprise 
to receive this parcel in our branch-esta- 
blishment. The contents is distributed 
under the staff of my library, which was 
very welcome received and with which we 
were all very glad. One more, in my name, 
my many gratefully thanks. 

Yours respectfully. 
Miss T/alkate 
Branch Librarian 

Dear Ffiends : 

My conscience is bothering me 
quite much. In March you enjoyed me so 
much by a package, and still I did not 
even tell you what a great help you gave 
us» Rendering thanks only now, I do not 
do so less heartily » There viere so many 
wonderful things in the package, it vrould 
be just impossible to thank you for every 
single piece. My boy, who just began go- 
ing to school, got red, red cheaks vihile 
we were unpacking and cried: "Oh, Mother, 
I like this so muchi" or: "Isn't this 
fine. Mother?" And my little daughter, 
18 months of age, you could smell the good 
soap for a long time. Before going to 
sleep the children sometimes got a spoon 
of honey or blackberry preserve from your 
package, then they slept t\7ice as well of 
course. Now, it is possible to buy in our 
stores all the precious things that were 
in your packages But when you have to 
dress children there are go many expendi" 
tures that make a big v;hole into your 
wallet, so that the rest is just enough . 
for the most neceE-iary goods o The surprise 
you gave us was c&rrific. To give sucn a 
package is a saci'^ifice for you, natuarally. 
But if the way of thinking you showed 
would be general, - if people would help 
their fellow men and even sacrifice for 
them, there would be much less quarrel and 
exwy. You have nhowed by your package that 
you do not cnlj'" think that way but acbj too. 
There is a German proverb (it is a little 
poem) i 

If you want to be happy all your life 
Help that others migbi; have happinessj. 
For the joy that vre are giving 
Fil].s the heart of yo\-<r o-"vn» 
The best gireetirgs of h;-.-.n::fulnessJ 
Smcercl'/ yjoi's, 
Ouiste T<reygang, 


Dear Miss Lambert: 

Please convey my best 
thanks to the Professional Staff Associa- 
tion for the CARE food parcel donated by 
their staff, I greatly appreciate this 
token gesture of friendliness extended to 
their colleagues in other lands. 

Yours very truely, 
JagjLt Singh 
Librarian Grade III 


Some days ago very tonexpectedly I got a 
huge care packet from you. It certainly 
contained an incredible lot of good things 
TNhioh of course I was awfully glad to geto 
But the kind thoughts and the warm hearts 
of the givers moved me deeply* - A fevr 
years ago thousands of Norwegians wovild 
have starved to death were it not for the 
heir: :?rom U^S.A, and Deninark. Vife feel 
a-'jvfuiy grat'iful and I hope we shall never! 
fov^et what you have done for us, - I y/as 
at Chicago University 1/2 a year in 19hQ» 
It was a very interesting experience and 

1 have the most pleasant memories from 
th.i^': time. How different America is from 
F.-.r ipe^ and how little we know about d±- 
neri-.:ons. Everything seems so vast, and 
•v.lT.acut any limits,' - Jfy library is one 
nf. „he biggest public libraries in Norway 
Tc.'-n about 60,000 vols. It serves as a 
?c;w^ty library as well and has a bool-cmo- 
b-j--, lie are also responsible for the in- 
ST'-: . +ion of all the rural libraries in the 
ccv-ty and the school-libraries, I have 
ji". St. come back from a week's inspection, a 
nc:. altogether pleasant job! Some few of 
them are very good, but most of them need 
rearrangement. If only the housing ques- 
tion could be solved, then everything 
would be so much easier, - Our new library 
law forces every community to have a li- 
brary, I don't like force of any kind, 
but I think the future inspectors will 
have an easier job than the present ones, 

- The other day I had the pleasure to show 

2 Americans the library, Vfe have a lot of 
tourists here every summer because the 
town has very good connections with all 
the rest of the country as well as foreign 
countries, - If any of you should happen 
"•"c nome to Norway (It is really a beautifnl 
rcry.bvjl) f 1 hope you'll see the library, 

- A-ain thanks a lot J 

The very best regards to everybody 

Chief Librarian 



I'Car J'liss Lambert: 

It is first time to write 
for American and it v/as first time to re- 

ceive a CAR pakage from the U,S, 

I can't express how glad my family was to 
get the wonderful present by my poor Eng- 
lish, I've never e>;pected to receive such 
precious daily supplies, Thak you very 
much from botton of my hearto I'm working 
SCAP Civilian Information & Education Li- 
brary in Yokohama and the library has 
about 6000 books and ^00 periodicals which 
■vrere sent from your country and open for 
Japaneje. There are Ih ^vorkers here^ c'~:ief 
librarian is an American lady and there are 
all Japanese, We are very busy having lots 
of readers who seek the true meaning of 
studya I say thak you so much again and 

Sincerely yours 

Kieko Hihara 

Mi qaerida Senorita, 

I am the sister of Kieko, I too want to 
express the thanks, but my sister did so 
already. So I am going to tell you about 
my country. At first, myself. Am a stu- 
dent of Senior High, 3rd year class, !Iy 
name is Ulargarita M^ Ifesae Hihara, Mar- 
garita Maria is ray Christian name, and am 
laming Spanish at the Church, I have a 
pen pal who lives in New Mexico, and she 
is very good for me. The most Americans 
that I have met are kind to us, and I like 
them. My mother was very glad to get your 
nice present and cooked us very nice supper 
with them which we appreciate so much, 

My brother, irrorking at CLE. Library, 
the same one in ivhich my sister works, likes 
beef very much. And to tell you secret, 
he ate lot of beef and it was laughable 
enough to see his appetite. Oh, I vms go- 
ing to t ell you about my country but I only 
wrote about my family, I'm sure that it 
is not so interestry for you to read such 
things, Pero, i que lastimaj Lo he escri- 
biada. In my next letter (if I can) I vd.ll 
write you more interestry things. 

Friendly yours 



To the Boston Public Library: 

I received the 
recent Care Package, I am a sculptor i.i 
vinfortunate economic circumstances owir.^ 
to the real lack of artistic activity i-i 
Italy, therefore the arrival of this par.kage 
was particularly welcome to me and my t;''o 
sons. Please accept our best tdshes and 
heartfelt thanks. Yours, Pasquale Platania 



To an Unknovm Friend for an Act of Loves 

Many heartfelt greetings and a thousand 
thanks for that very valuable package. I 

had never before had the privilege of openpassembly program, 
ing an American package, ..ITien I saw my 

received just before Greek Easter, which 
as you may know, camo very late in April 
this year, and were presented to the li- 
brary as an Easter present in a morning 

From seven different sources in the U.S. 
children coming home from school, I wonderj-scattered from Boston to Charleston, S.C., 

ed why iry tubercular daughter, viio is 
taken to school and bick home each day, 
was now pushing the sled. And when they 
came nearer I sav/ the package in the sled 
and the child pushing the sled. The chil- 
dren were so happy that they were trem- 
bling with excitement. There were many 
cans of delicious food in the package, and 
rice, and so much precious coffee, too. 
Many, many thanks for all the delicacies. 

We lost my husband. He died from tuber- 
culosis in the military hospital about six 
years ago. The children are 8, 10 and 12 
years old. But the Lord will provide for 
us. We receive a small pension from the 
Government and I sew for people here in 
the country. War is terrible I I lost my 
only son from my first marriage in a mine- 
detecting expedition. That was awfuli My 
husband visited home from the hospital and 
the children contracted the disease. The 
twelve-year old has had her leg in a plas- 
ter cast from the waist down for two years 
but tries to keep on going to school. She 
is the best student in her class. The 
middle one had a tubercular infection in 
her eyes but she received hospital aid 
from the Finnish Red Cross and had her 
eyes cured. 

This Finland has become so poor because 
the Government has such enormous expenses: 
us war widows, orphans, invalids, and the 
war debts. If only there were no wars 
anjrv/herel The women and children have to 
suffer so. This is a cold country. It 
probably is not so cold over there, I 
pray for God's blessing on you and happi- 
ness and success in your work, I cannot 
imagine what you look like, you who have 
brought a ray of light to this widow and 
her children, 

Bertta Martinmaki 


Dear Miss McDonald: 

On behalf of the stu- 
dents at Pierce College, I want to thank 
'jr-i. for your part in sending CARE Packages 
of ucoks to our school library. The first 
pacKages of books to come to Greece were 

from New York to Kansas City to Independ- 
ence, Oregon, 58 books were sent to us to 
start a juvenile collection. Two maps, 
one of the U, S, and one of the world, were 
included. We pinned these up on the cur- 
tain and pointed out the U, S. and Greece 
on the world map and the location of the 
donors on the U. S, map. Then girls car- 
ried the books, two by two across the stag^ 
read the titles in English and gave the 
books to the librarian and her assistant 
who arranged them on tables and on the 
stage. The books were left on display for 
only one day because the pressure to take 
them out was too great. Even the maids 
and janitors are trying to learn English 
and were very interested in the collection. 
At the end of the day, 5U books were cut 
and we had left only Snakes, Turtles , 
Everyday machines, and one that got torn in 

the Excitement, These will be used in 
classes but apparently did not look like 
holiday reading to the girls although 
trucks, boats, dictionaries and history 
were almost as popvilar as the story books, 
I cannot begin to tell you how enthusias- 
tically the books were greeted, but perhaps 
the snaps taken in the auditorium after 
the presentation will give you some idea. 
The color and newness of the books, the 
gay pictiores and easy English, and the 
variety of subject matter are a delight to 
the girls who have recently begun to learn 
English and have been working with old 
books, pretty much in tatters. We 
have had gifts before, but not brand new, 
shining new, lovely new books* 

Please thank the members of your associa- 
tion and let them know that their generos- 
ity has given great pleasure to a group of 
Greek girls. 

Sincerely yours, 
Louisa Tcholakian, 



Published by the Boston Public Library Professional Staff Association 

Volume VI f Number 9 

September 19^1 

Publications Committee t 

Geraldine M, Altman, Ruth So Canncll, Mary F, Daly, Thomas 
J, Ifenning, Beryl Y, Robinson, Martin F, Waters, Louisa S, 
Jfetcalf, Chairman 

Publication date ; 
The fifteenth of each month 

Deadline for submitting; material : 
The tenth of each month 


One of the interesting trends in library 
development in recent years is the manner 
in which libraries have taken up the chal- 
lenge of dwindling publics, and have in- 
creasingly gone into the "market place" 
for ideas and methods vrtiich have proven 
effective in business and industry and the 
allied field of public relations. An ex- 
ample close at hand is the attractive, 
recently opened Adams Street Branch Li- 
brary which in accord vath current trends 
is functional in construction, and incor- 
porates un-traditional eye appeal, coift- 
f ort and informality with traditional li- 
brary service. Planned ^vith reader inter- 
est uppermost in mind it speaks for itself 
as a tangible example of good public re- 

In the less tangible realm of public re- 
lations, however, involving policies and 
their interpretation to the public, we 
sometimus wonder whether we have similarly 
streamlined our concepts in oxir day-to-day 
contacts with the public. Do we not, on 
the contrary, at times appear quixotic and 
arbitrary in actions, which though fre- 
quently aeeessary and desirable from the 
long range, administrative point of view, 
are perhaps not adequately understood and 
interpreted by the staff. In changes such 
as the recent reduction in the number of 
fiction titles purchased in the Division 
of Home Reading and Community SerTices, 
and the dislocation of service, caused by 
transfer of the fiction collection in the 
Division of Reference and Research to the 
Depository Library, should not all of us 
who have direct contact iidth the public 
ask ourselves whether or not we clearly 
understand the reason behind such actions 
so that we may interpret the library in as 
sympathetic a light as possible. If we do 
not understand, is it not our duty to in- 
form ourselves? Vague, half information 

given to the public can only serve to ex- 
asperate fxirther irate patrons, whereas an 
informed explanation of a consistent, 
clearly defined policy will usually mollify 
the most belligerent* 


October h - National Library Day. 

To mark the founding of the American 
Library Association in Philadelphia in I876 
and to focus attention of the nation-v/ide 
project of adult discussion of the American 
heritage under library leadership, the ALAfe 
75th anniversary theme, 

Octover 10-13 - New England Library Associ- 
ation, New Ocean House, Swampscott. 

October 26 - Fall social meeting of the 


Ne\T Staff Members 

Mra Agnes R. feurke. Young People's Room, 

ISlss Geraldine Coyman, Cataloging and 
Classification Department for Reference 
and Research Services, Miss Coyman vjas 
formerly a part-time assistant at South 
Boston Branch Library. 

Jiiss Catherine M, Flaherty, Registration 

Ifr John J, McCafferty, General Reference 
Department. Ifr McCafferty vra.s formerly a 
part-time assistant in the General Refer- 
ence Department, 

Mrs Tfery C, West, Young People's Room, 


Mrs Alice Galvin, Connolly Branch Librarjj 
to remain at home. 


lillss Elizabeth C, Hershey, Personnel 
Office, to move to Wilmington, Delaware. 

Mrs Sarah K, Ifershall, Book Stack Ser- 
vice, to remain at home, 

Jlrs Pauline F, Vinci, Office of the 
Division of Home Reading and Community 
Services, to join her husband at Canqp Le- 
Jeune, North Carolina, 

Miss Gloria Shine, Connolly Branch Li- 
brary, to attend the Columbia University 
School of Library Service* 


Miss Ruth M, Hayes, Branch Librarian, 
Neponset Branch Library, to Adams Street 
Branch Library, 

Miss ^lary V, Doyle, Children's Librarian 
South Boston Branch Library to Adams 
Street Branch Library, 

Mrs M, Dorothy Ekstrom, City Point 
Branch Library to Adams Street Branch Li- 


Miss Pauline Eaton, Book Stack Service, 
after a long illness, 

Mrs M, Patricia Gillis, Office of the 
Division of Home Reading and Community Ser- 
vices after a maternity leave of absence. 

Miss Ifery McDonough, Book Preparation De- 
partment after a visit vidth relatives in 
Ireland and a to\ar of France, Switzerland, 
and Italy, 



Miss J'luriel C, Figenbaum, Print Depart- 
ment to Mr Walter P. Robinson, of Bel- 
vedere, Kent, England. 


Miss Mildred E. Francis, Business Office it 
to ISr Paul Conlon on August 25, 195l» 

Jliss F. Laurelle West, Phillips Brooks 
Branch Library to Mr Harold Cole, on Aug- 
ust 25, 1951, at South Hamilton, Mass. 


A son, Steven, to Mr and Mrs Stephen L. 
Baxter, on August 30. Mr Baxter is a mem- 
ber of the staff of the Binding Departmentp: 



On Saturday, August 25, Miss Tfi-ldred E, 
Francis, Business Office, was married to 
I'lr Paul E« Conlon, of Roxbury, at a nine 
o'clock nuptial Ifass, in the Blessed 
Sacrament Church, Jamaica Plain. The 
bride wore a white satin govm with a 
finger-tip veil and carried a prayer book 
with a white orchid. She was attended by 
her sister, and the groom's brother was 
his best man, JIany of the bride's friends 
from the Library attended the wedding. 
The bride and groom flew to Bermuda for 
their honeymoon. 

The Bertha V. Hartzell Memorial Lecture* 
delivered by llir Ralph Munn last April, is 
at the printer's and will be available 
shortly for distribution. It is to be in 
brochure form and v/ill be sent to all con- 
tributors to the Hartzell Fund, to ALA, and 
to other libraries and individuals who may 
be professionally interested, A copy will 
be on file in the Staff Library creating a 
tangible and permanent tribute for the 

Having met recently irdth the Program Con>- 
mlttee, of which lUrs Javelin is Chairman, 
was again brought to my attention that 
there is a need for clarification or re- 
enphasizing of the aims and purposes of the 
(Association and the direction of its growth. 
Concomitant with that is the matter of the 
financial situation of the Association and 
the necessity for increased funds with 
which to work if the Association is to pre- 
sent to the membership the stimulation and 
rofessional impetus that was deemed desir- 
able in its establishment. 

An excellent summary of the SORT meetings 
held at the ALA Conference, prepared by Miss 
Helen Savakian, appeared in the August issue 
of the Question Mark . It is hoped that it 
will be read carefully by all members of 
the Association for it answers the question 
frequently heard "What are the advantages 
of belonging to SORT?", The full texts of 
the talks delivered have since been received 
and may be seen upon request, 




In Informa clones for June, a magazine 
published by the State Department of the 
United States, an article entitled " La 
Senorita Toni and her little friends " 
describes' the work of Miss Eva J. Antonnen 
formerly children's librarian at East 
Boston Branch Library, Since March, Toni 
has been organizing the children's library 
in the Biblioteca Lincoln vrtiich opened on 
May 29. 

Aa the Benjamin Franklin Library in 
Mexico City has a varied program of such 
activities as story hours, recordings, 
puppets, painting etc. to stimulate intei> 
est in the library, so has the Biblioteca 
Lincoln, The key to her work is sincerity^ 
and friendship is her principal aim. 

In working vdth children, Toni believes, 
we must study the child's world with 
honesty and perception. Just as the li- 
brary's furniture is scaled to the child, 
so our methods must be siiited to him. Our 
attitudes toward childi^en must not be fix- 
ed. If we treat children with dignity and 
respect, they in turn respond with dignity 
and respect. 

The article concludes with a story typi- 
cal of the close understanding of the 
child's world which Toni has, "One of the 
finest compliments ever given to me came 
from a timid little eight-year old girl 
who had been observing me solemnly for 
several days and who asked, 'Senorita 
Toni J What are you going to be when you 
grow up?*" 


Mrs Dorothy Kelson, recently of the 
Open Shelf Department, is "in print" in 
the current issue of Accent , with a poem 
entitled. The Mould . 

A gallant tribute to the researches of 
the reference librarian is contained in an 
article on James Norman Hall by Ellery 
Sedgwick (a former Trustee of the Library) 
in the September issue of The Atlantic 
Monthly in which he writes, "In the 
British Museum I discovered one of those 
wonderfully learned ladies whose unrecord- 
ed burrov;ings make the reputations of the 
celebrated writers of historyii 


On an evening early in June Miss Toy was 
invited to dinner ty "her girls" as she 
always called her former staff members. 
She was surprised to discover later that 
she was to be the honored guest at a party 
at the 1812 House in Framingham given by 
several staff members who had formerly 
worked with her in the Children's Room, 
Following dinner and an evening of happy 
reminiscing she was presented with a Flor- 
entine silver pendant and chain. Although 
it was known she would soon retire, this 
was not a farewell party but one to be 
repeated in the near future. 

Later in the month the staff of the 
Young People's Room honored her at the Toll 
House in Whitman. It was a delightful 
party and Miss Toy's gift was a Swiss music 
box, beautifully ornamented with toy figvires 
made in Germany, 

It was not until July 31 that Miss Toy 
retired after forty-eight years of service 
in the Library. Entering in 1903 > she 
worked for a short time at the South End 
Branch Library, later in the Teachers' 
Room, then part of the Children's Depart- 
ment, and then as Children's Librarian in 
the same department, finally becoming 
Chief of the Young People's Room in 19hO, 

Miss Toy will be missed not only by the 
boys and girls viho frequent the Yovmg 
People's Room of today, but by many read- 
ers "vfho have since grown, married, and have 
children of their own. Frequently parents 
brought their children to meet her and to 
see the room where they had learned to love 
good books. Often these people came from 
distant cities and vrere happy to find that 
Miss Toy was still there to greet them and 
to be a part of their happy memories. The 
Question Mark of a few months ago carried 
the story of Dr Pauline Stitt, now prac- 
ticing in Hawaii, who was thrilled to dis- 
cover that Miss Toy, who had introduced so 
many fine books to her as a child, was 
still doing so for other children. Many 
teachers and other students of children's 
literature will be disappointed at not 
finding her there this fall to aid them in 
the preparation of reading lists for the 
coming school year. And so too will others 
who brought their various problems to her. 
She vras very courteous to and understanding 
of the less privileged and often found ways 
to help them. Her many thoughtful and kind 
acts were numerous and unknown to many. 
It was only by accident that one learned of 


them, and never from Miss Toy, 

In the future she will have time to do 
more of the many things in which she is 
interested. Her doll collection which 
has been gathered over the years needs 
attention. Charitable activities will 
gain. The latter are numerous but the one 
most cherished is perhaps her work with 
the blind. There vail be some time for 
travel and if there is then any left over, 
there v;ill be the books which all librar- 
ians talk about, - the ones they will read 
if they ever have time. 

Miss Toy took great professional pride 
in her work and inspired others to do so. 
She was very proud to see her boys and 
girls advance in the library field and in 
other professions, and never lost an op- 
portunity to "spur them on" to higher 
goals , 

She won the love and respect of those 
Yfho worked under her and it is from the 
heart that we and all her friends at the 
Library wish for her many years of good 
health in i^diich to enjoy her well-earned 




The Film Council of Greater Boston re- 
ceived second award in the nation at the 
annual Film Council of America convention 
held recently in Chicago. The Reagan 
Memorial Avra.rds were established in honor 
of the first president of the Film Coioncil 
of America, and are given for outstanding 
achievement. Mrs Muriel C. Javelin, Depu- 
ty Supervisor, in Charge of Work with 
Adults, is secretary of the local council, 


On Tuesday, September ky Bill Hahn of 
INAC-TV, intervievred Edirard Sossen, a 
young assistant in the Memorial Branch Li- 
brary, in connection with the sea shell 
collection vfhich Edvrard is displaying at 
the Branch Library. Before Edward left 
the s tudio he received a telephone call 
from a gentleman in Cambridge who, after 
seeing the program, offered his shells to 
the young collector. 

Members of the Stanley Associates, 755 
Boylston Street, photographed a television 
"short" of the Adams Street Branch Library 
on Friday afternoon, August 31« This se- 
quence will be used later as part of a 
series, The Boston Story, 'svhich will por- 
tray various characteristic features of 
life in Boston, Time and station will be 
posted on the staff bulletin board. 

• The BoatoD Sunday Post magazine will 
feature the work of the Teachers Depart- 
ment some time in September, In October 
the magazine will tell of the Hinckley 
collection of Lovir tiles, UOO of which will 
be exhibited in the Central Library from 
October 29 through November 25 • 


On Wednesday, August 29, at 3 o'clock, 
the Adams Street Branch Library was formal- 
ly opened to the public. The Director, Mr 
J/Iilton E, Lord, introduced Mr Lee Friedman, 
President of the Board of Tinistees, who 
described the facilities offered by this 
new branch library, - the first new branch 
library in Boston to be erected in twenty 
years. Mayor Hynes invited the public to 
make full use of it, and promised that a 
similar new building would be erected next 
year in the Egleston Square area. Miss 
Ruth Hayes, Branch Librarian, then invited 
everyone present to inspect the building, 
and refreshments were served to about UOO 

Great enthusiasm v/as expressed over this 
strikingly new library ■which represents a 
radical change from the old monumental 
style building and is infinitely less ex- 
pensive. Simple and functional in design, 
it makes the most of light and color. The 
furnishings, too, provide sharp contrast 
to the usual drab, library eqxiipment. Up- 
holstered chairs in gay colore of green, 
coral, and blue, plus harmonizing ij-indow 
draperies, make a most attractive, com- 
fortable setting, A small area in the 
adult room has been partitioned for the 
use of smokers, proving that no stone has 
been left unturned in the Library's efforts 
to provide what the public wants. 

G, A. 



Pre-Conference Audio-Visual Workshop 

At any National Library Conference much 
benefit is gained from the opportunity to 
discuss common problems with librarians 
from other parts of the country and to 
discover that the questions that are 
puzzling New England librarians are simi- 
lar to those which concern librarians of 
the West Coast. The 1951 Conference in 
Chicago was no exception to this. 

One of the highlights in recent years 
has been the Pre-Conference Audio-Visual 
Workshop. This year the fourth of these 
workshops was held July 7 and 8. The 
theme, in keeping with the over-all Con- 
ference theme, was Our American Heritage 
in Books and Films. Throughout the Pre- 
Conference there were showings of new and 
important or unusual films. At the open- 
ing session, itrs Grace Stevenson of the 
Seattle Public Library, presented the 
American Heritage Film List which had been 
prepared for the Conference by a special 
committee. The list has been distributed 
to all libraries and will serve as a buy- 
ing guide for films in this field. 

Space does not permit a detailed accovmt 
of all the meetings, so I will briefly 
describe two of the more unusual ones and 
just mention the others. 

On Sunday morning, Tfr Eric Haight, . 
President, Films, Inc., gave a most inter- 
esting demonstration of discussion strips, 
a new device for adult discussion groups 
based on films and books. As an introduc- 
tion he showed a discussion strip of How 
Green Was % Valley , since practically 
everyone in the audience had read the book 
or seen the commercial moving picture, A 
discussion strip differs from an ordinary 
film strip, which is frequently just a 
condensation of the original film. In the 
discussion strip a still from the original 
picture is thrown on the screen with pro- 
vocative questions for discussion under 
the picture. Although designed originally 
for high school classroom groups, it was 
the opinion of those who saw this demon- 
stration that it could well be adapted for 
use by a library adult discussion group. 

Many of us wondered why Anna and the 
King of Siam had been selected to be shown 
at a l6mm educational film Conference. We 
soon discovered the answer. Following a 
condensed l6mm version — about an hour 
long ~ the corresponding film discussion 

strip was shown suggesting the many points 
in this book v;hich might be considered, 
it was vinfortunate that there was not time 
to break up into small groups to discuss 
some of the many questions suggested. In 
a library program it would be difficult to 
show a long film, a filmstrip, and then 
have a discussion, but it would be quite 
possible to have the group read the book 
beforehand and then use the filmstrip to 
at least channel the discussion in the 
right direction. It is a new, untried, 
and undeveloped technique, but one that 
should have definite possibilities as it 
is developed, 

A second equally interesting program was 
presented by Miss Mary Bollard, in charge 
of the popular Reading Room of the Cleve- 
land Public Library, This was a demon- • 
strati on of a book talk and film program 
based on The Quiet One » a fifty-minute 
moving picture. 

Miss Bollard spoke briefly about the 
film and then reviewed a group of books, 
fiction and nonfiction, dealing with 
juvenile delinquency. The film \7as then 
shown and had there been time it would 
have been followed by discussion. 

The choice of the film was not too happy 
for this type of meeting. Although an 
outstanding film, it is too long to com- 
bine with other techniques. However, it 
was selected, rather than a shorter film, 
in order that those -vdio had not previously 
had an opportunity to see it might do so. 

At other meetings, Mr Spenser Shaw of 
the Brooklyn Public Library presented a 
story hour vdth recorded music as a back- 
ground. It may be remembered that I'bc 
Shaw was formerly Branch Librarian in the 
Hartford, Connecticut Public Library, 

A demonstration of the correlation of 
books and films by Mrs Robert Forsyth, 
teacher-librarian in the Chicago schools, 
proved once again the possibilities of the 
film as an educational medium. The demon- 
stration was carried out as an actual 
school experience with children from Mrs 
Forsyth's school viewing the film, 
Norwegian Children and then reading selec- 
tions from a correlated book, followed by 
questions by the teacher, 


Dr Mead Speaks on Teen-Age Youth at Third 

General Session 

Dr Margaret Mead, well-known anthropolo- 
gist, ethnologist, author and lecturer, 
was the speaker at the Third General Ses- 
sion of the ALA Conference, Her subject, 
within the ALA 75th Anniversary Theme - 
The heritage of the U.S.A. in times of 
crisis - was "Teen-age youth in time of 
crisis". In contrast to the erudite and 
scholarly speeches of Dr John A, Wilson 
and Dr Jacques Maritain on the preceding 
days, Dr Mead's talk was distinguished 
more for its wit and surface sparkle. 
Nevertheless, a talk by such a distin- 
guished authority was boimd to contain 
many provocative ideas, 

Dr Mead divided her talk into two parts. 
In the first she endeavored to identify 
the group v*iich we term teen-agers and in 
the second to clarify that group's rela- 
tionships to earlier generations as it 
seeks to "develop new models for a new 
world". According to Dr Mead, although 
each generation has always differed some- 
what from the preceding, there has usually 
been enough of a "vertical" relationship 
to allow for "vertical" conformity. 
Today's teen-agers, however, are facing 
such new problems in such a new and dif- 
ferent world that the only model they can 
find as a norm for behavior is from within 
their own group. They are completely 
alone as they face today's society and we, 
of an earlier generation, cannot give 
them any answers; nor can we really under- 
stand them since their experiences and 
ways of looking at experience in no way 
resemble our teen-age ways either between 
World War I and World War II or even after 
World War II. Contrary to the old saying, 
Dr Mead believes there is something new 
under the sun - our teen-agers who are 
trying to find "a new model for a new age 
group in a new age". 

In the face of this theory it seems as 
if there would be no way for us to aid 
this group with its "realistic, reality- 
testing, objective frame of mind" which 
has developed in a machine age and which 
wants all its answers to be based on fact 
and have a machine-like precision. Dr 
Mead does not think the impasse is as 
complete as that, hovrever, for she 
believes that although we cannot give 
teen-agers the answers, we can help them 
find the information which vd-ll lead them 
to the answers through group trial and 

error. And that is tthj the librarian is 
so important in the teen-agers vrorld. The 
librarian knows where to find this infor- 
mation from the past and how to offer it 
mthout comment or restriction and even 
vathout himself realizing its possible 
significance to these teen-agers who 
through group thinking and group action 
may be able to fashion those new models 
for a new age from it. 

To some of us, Dr Mead's conclusions may 
not have ^xoc'-^oftftd quite logically from the 
premises in the earlier parts of her talk 
nor may the role she called upon us to 
play today have seemed so very different 
from that played by older generations for 
younger ones in other periods of great 
change. Nevertheless, she couched her 
ideas in such ear-catching, epigrammatic 
phrases - such as her characterization of 
today's teen-agers by their "Is it neces- 
sary?" as contrasted to an earlier genera- 
tion's "Ought I?" - that the audience v/as 
completely hers throughout her talk. 


Association of College and Reference 
Libraries - Reference Librarians Section 


One of the meetings of the Association 
of College and Reference Librarians held 
on July 10, proved to be a very interest- 
ing and most worthwhile one. This meeting 
was in the form of a panel discussion led 
by Mr Louis S. Shores, Director of School 
of Library Training and Service, Florida 
State University, with the following 
individuals as members of the panel: liliss 
Winifred Ver Nooy, University of Chicago 
Libraries; Mr Jack Dalton, Alderman Librarj} 
University of Virginia; Thomas S, Cleveland^ 
Free Library, Orange, New Jersey, and a 
19$0 library school graduate; and Mr Roy 
Schlinkert, Detroit Public Library, The 
subject of the discussion was "Are Library 
School Reference Courses Adequate?" 

Ivtr Shores asked the members of the panel 
to give their opinions to the question as 
to vjhether or not the new library school 
graduates are better equipped for refer- 
ence work than library school graduates 
of 10, 20, or more years ago. Miss Ver 
Nooy felt that recent graduates analyze 
reference problems more than older gradu- 
ates do but that they do not know the 


idiosyncracies of basic reference books 
nor do they understand people or their 
wants* However, she added, they are will- 
ing, enthusiastic, and ambitious* IJr 
Schlinkert stated that he felt the newer 
graduates were not as adept as earlier 
library school graduates in doing refer- 
ence work and that they were particularly 
weak in the subject of government docu- 
ments. Mr Cleveland defended the recent 
library school graduates by saying that 
the training he received in reference work 
was more adequate for general reference 
work and that he did learn basic reference 
books thoroughly, Mr Dalton had no com- 
ments to make. 

To the qiiestion next posed by Mr Shores,, 
the consensus of opinion was that far too 
many reference books were taught in the 
first part of a reference course in the 
present-day library school and too few 
basic reference tools were taught well. 

One of the members of the panel brought 
up the point that the trouble is not with 
the courses being taught in present-day 
library schools but with faulty under- 
graduate courses and particularly a lack 
of foreign language background, IJr Cleve- 
land believed that foreign languages were 
needed only by scholars and especially 
since English is accepted and spoken 
nearly everywhere. Promptly, individuals 
from the audience took up the discussion. 
One such person indicated that he believed 
foreign languages were needed in library 
work but that a more important question 
was Ti^hich languages to study. Another 
individual, who vras a college librarian, 
stated that college librarians need a 
knowledge of foreign languages, especially 
French and German and now also Russian. 
This latter librarian believed that these 
languages should be prerequisite for en- 
trance into library school and that a li- 
brary school should not be expected to 
teach foreign languages. A third member 
of the audience said that the average li- 
brary school student does not know in what 
field of library vrork he wishes to 
specialize until at least half-way through 
his library training and therefore he does 
not know while he is in college which 
foreign languages will be required of him. 
A fourth statement from the floor was that 
in New York State the Special Libraries 
Association Placement Committee noted that 
nine-tenths of the special libraries re- 
quired foreign languages and in the scien- 
tific libraries a knowledge of Russian was 

now an absolute necessity. Jlr Dalton 
reported that the University of Virginia 
is conducting this summer, for catalogers 
and reference librarians there, a 6-weeks 
intensive course in many foreign languages. 
Mr Dalton then asked how many individuals 
in the audience felt that foreign languages 
were needed before graduation from library 
school. Only two persons, of whom Mr Cleve- 
land was one, felt that foreign languages 
were not necessary. 

To summarize the discussion Mr Shores 
made the following points: 

(1) that library schools need to be more 
old-fashioned and to give more drill 
in the scope of basic reference books; 

(2) that library schools should give 
more attention to the subject of 
government documents; 

(3) that library schools must help their 
students to understand people j 

(I4.) that foreign languages, especially 
French, German, and Russian, are 
needed in reference work.i 

Catherine JfecDonald 

Dr Maritain Speaks at Second General Session 

Dr Jacques Jfaritain's reflections on 
VJestern Civilization and Religious Faith , 
centered on two particular aspects of the 
subject, the multiplicity of religious 
creeds composing the American "body politic'! 
and the fact that the terrestrial or tem- 
poral commonwealth itself involves in its 
moral, social, political, and juridical 
structures a more or less hidden, more or 
less secularized religious inspiration. 

The American "body politic" is unique in 
that it was explicitly bom out of freedom 
by men belonging to different national 
stocks and political lineages working to- 
gether in the pursuit of the same common 
goodo Our forefathers and those who came 
after ther. came to free themselves from 
history, determined to live together in 
freedom and for freedomo 

This democratic body in order to be alive 
must and did have a common charter or kind 
of common faith, not religious but civic, 
lay or secular in nature. Such a common 
creed of freedom was practical, not theo- 
retical and pertained to individual free- 
doms of minds and conscience. Men of dif- 
ferent faiths can agree on the tenets in 

question. This common charter, the Con- 
stitution of the U, S, had its roots in a 
heritage of Christian thought and civili- 
zation and can readily be described as an 
outstanding lay Christian docvunent tinged 
vrith the philosophy of the day. The 
foxinding fathers were neither metaphysi- 
cians, nor theologians, but their philoso- 
phy of life and their political philosophy 
their notions of natural law and of htunan 

rights, were permeated with concepts work- western and the communist worlds because of 
ed out by Christian reason backed up by urv the basic opposition between the formative 

shakeablo religious feeling. Christian 
meaning has been projected into the sphere 
of the temporal social and political 
existence. This positive freedom to 
achieve genuine hiirnan ends originates, 
like the sense of dign'^.ty of the human 
jjerson frornvhich it is inseparable _, in the 
Judeo-Christian tradition and in gospel 
inspiration g 

There are certain unformulated, unwritten 
laws, certain common inspirations, ty 
virtue of which we revere, perhaps for 
different reasons^ such things as tnath 
and intelligence, human dignity, freedom, 
.tisbice, love and friendsliip^ between 
the members of the huiuan race and 
society. The deepest socrce of this 
common inspiration, Chrii'tiar.ity, has been 
at work in the social Ir.fe of peoples 
according to two distinct modes of action, 
which might be called the movement from 
above and the movement from belovj-. The 
movement from above, from the church 
teachings and from the very level of faith 
is in itself the most importanto It is 
the movement from below, in other iirords 
the slow transformation of the common 
consciousness of the people on the terres- 
trial level, the germination naturally 
produced in the depths of the secular 
teii53oral consciousness under the stimulus 
of Christian leaven, that Dr Maritain was 
especially anxious to emphasize, 

Christ taught equality of man, the 
dignity of the human soitL, the dignity of 
the poor, respect for inner values, and 
love of one's neighbor. Dictates of human 
authority can be binding in conscience 

when their authority has its cource in God was planned by the Joint Committee of the 

From this fact no man and no group of men 
has in itself the right to rule others. 
It is as deputies of the people and it is 
toward the common good of the people that 
they must lead. Such ideals and aspira- 
tions characterize the democratic philoso- 
phy of man and society and it is under the 
influence of the gospel ferment at work in 

the world that they took shape in the secu- 
lar consciousness. It can readily be seen 
that the democratic impulse burst forth in 
history as a temporal manifestation of the 
inspiration of the gospel and cannot exist 
without it, as the secular conscience of the 
peoples in a democracy depends upon genuine 
Christian inspiration. 

Dr Maritain believes that no constructive 
cooperation can be attained between the 

spirit in the one and the other r, Political 
techniques can be adopted as well as scien- 
tific and industrial techniques but this 
has nothing to dovdth the real coming to- 
gether of man .5 

Christian inspiration and a sheer materi- 
alistic inspiration have intercrossedn so 
that thoi'gh we have one world in the physi- 
cal or hisi-cric-dynamio and economic sense 
we do not have one world in the religious, 
cultural or political sense. 

Western civilization is bringing about 
the acklevement of social justice. It's 
reaction to distress in other areas arouses 
the hope of mankind. From the public life 
of peoples a thirst and aspiration for 
that spiritual experience of love which 
comes to fvJ.l fruit in saintly souls is 
unquestionably developing now in the various 
spots of the world and is especially strik- 
ing in this country - and that is enough 
for our hopes for mankind* 


Adult Education Meetings 

The Adult Education sessions were among 
the most practical of the Conference meet- 
ings. Space permits only a fev: highlights 
from these meetings « The buzz session was 
used to encourage discussion following the 
showing of V'/ith Th es e Hands , a film pre- 
senting the developnient of the union move- 
ment in the United States, with particular 
emphasis on the I.LoG.W.U. This program 

Library Service to Labor Groups ; under the 
Chairmanship of luliss Dorothy Bendix of the 
Newark Public Library. It was the unani- 
mous opinion of the group that this film 
would have general use with labor and lay 
groups J 

Of special interest to the members of 
the B.P.L.P.S.A. was the symposium on 


Adult Education Beg;ins at Home . At this 
meeting Miss Evelyn Levy, Branch Librarian 
of the Jeffries Point Branch Library, most 
ably described the B.P.L.P.S.A. Workshop 
on T he Evaluation of Book Materials in 
Terms of Use in the Library « Miss Janet 
Stevens of the Enoch Pratt Free Library 
interested the audience with her statement 
that the Library was closed on a holiday 
on which it is usually open so that the 
entire staff of the Library including the 
maintenance staff could attend a one-day 
Institute on the relation of staff members 
to one another and to the members of the 

discussion which is conducted by two lead- 
ers. One such program is that sponsored 
by the Great Books Foundation. New York 
Public Library expects to start several 
fifth year Great Books groups this fall 
and will also continue a series of Book 
discussion programs on The American Idea . 
Itrs Jfethews discussed the practical a spects 
of selecting and training group leaders, 
the importance of adequate publicity, and 
the need for evaluating group activities 
from the individual as well as from the 
Library point of view. 

Jlrs Craig concluded the adult education 
public. lirs Leona Durkes of the New York [conference program with a dynamic talk on 
Public Library described their recent staff The Book Review as a Technique for Discus - 
workshop at v/hich lists of Readable Books sion. With her inimitablo enthusiasm she 

on important subjects were prepared for 
the general reader and for the reader who 
hae difficulty in reading English. Al- 
though the Detroit Public Library has been 
for some years successfully arranging the 
books in certain of its branches by reader 
interest rather than by Dewey Classifica- 
tion, few Libraries have attempted this 

daring step. Therefore considerable interlin them a desire to put into practice the 

est was awakened by the talk of lilss Ruth 
Rutzen, who is in charge of Home Reading 
Services at the Detroit Public Library, 
In the brief time allotted to her she ex- 
plained that the purpose of this arrange- 
ment was to make the collection of books 
more meaningful to the readers. Tm.i 
questions are considered in shelving a 
book — "What does it deal with" and "I'Tho 
will use it?". 

Following a luncheon meeting in the 
Wedgewood Room of Marshall Fields at which 
Dr John A. Lapp, Chairman of the Citizens 
Schools Committee, Chicago, spoke on 
Citizen Apathy, Curable or Incurable , 
there was an afternoon meeting in tlie 
Upper Tower of the Stevens Hotel. Jtrs 
Mildred lilathews. Superintendent of Adult 
Services, New York Public Library, and Mrs 
Florence Craig, Director of Adult Educa- 
tion, Ci:^ahoga County Public Library, 
Cleveland, Ohio were the speakers. Neither 
the Luncheon room nor the hotel meeting 
room was adequate for the unexpectedly 
large attendance at these meetings, e- 
vincing the increased interest of Librar- 
ians in Adult Education. Ijirs Ifethews, who 
will be remembered by Boston Public Library 
staff members for the outstanding talk she 
gave at our recent Workshop, stressed the 
organization and value of small book dis- 
cussion groups where several people read 
the same book or part of a book before the 

discussed the preparation of the audience 
for book reviev; meetings, the stumbling 
blocks in the way of successful book meet- 
ings, and the group techniques needed in 
improving book meetings. 

The adult education meetings as a whole 
re-affirmed for those present the challenge 
that faces Librarians today and re-av;akened 

ideas and techniques suggested. 




The Library Bowling League is about to 
begin its third season. The opening night 
will be Tuesday, September 25. So far, 
forty-three names have been submitted. 
Anyone else wishing to join may contact 
Miss Eileen Wilson of the Book Purchasing 



Collison, Robert L. 

Library assistance to readers. 
London, Crosby, Lockfffood, 19^0 

Sewell, Philip H. 

The regional library systems. 
London, Library Association, 19^0. 




Eagt Boston 

Many tedious hours of rehersal, concern 
over a Grumpy who could not help but smile 
most «f the time, anxiety over the dura- 
bility of the make-ahift stage curtain 
(staff members' dr'^tisrics- pinned together 
and strung on rope), thoughts of cotton 
beards falling apart, and the eternal fear 
in the words, "Y/hat if I forget my part?" 
all formed a very real apprehension for 
the fourteen youngsters about to put on 
their first performance of Snow White » 
All this was soon forgotten, and the East 
Boston TV Club members lost themselves in 
the pleasure of performing for the two 
hundred youngsters from the social centers 

Sevan dwarfs donned yellow caps bearing 
their names and long white cotton beards, 
a Queen assumed a nasty air of wickedness, 
a Prince became a gallant hero, and a Snow 
White took her audience through joy and • 
sorrow, while a young narrator read be- 
tween scenes the narrative necessary to 
unfold once again the favorite old fairy 

The second perforTnance was attended by 
some one hundred and forty youngsters who 
had come to the library for the closing 
meeting of the TV Summer Reading Club. 
The play was a delightful antecedent to 
the excitement of receiving the earned 
reading certificates, the fun of joining 
in the singing of the club's theme song, 
and the refreshments, all of -vdiieh consti- 
tuted a party for children, The cast will 
perform once again, Friday, September lU, 
as a part of our "Back to School" program, 

Phillips Brooks 

The end-of-the-season party for the 
Summer Reading Club of the Phillips Brooks 
Library, held early on Thursday evening, 
September 6, was, as one adult present 
said, "a heartwarming experience t" Fifty 
members of the club attended, having qual- 
ified to receive certificates for summer 
reading, and about fifty adults came as 
invited guests •- parents, grandparents, 
and aunts. 

The program presented by members of the 
club was arranged to show the kind of 
activity that girls and boys had enjoyed 
during the siunmer. It began vdth four 
book reports, including one on A.MOS FOR - 
TUNE FREE MN . given by a girl who had had 
correspondence with the author, Elizabeth 
Yates, before her book was awarded this 

year's Newbery Medal. 

Two books charades, THE ADVENTURES OF 
much enjoyed for the originality and livli- 
ness of their presentation* This king of 
activity v/as very popular during the summer 
at Reading Club meetings. 

Chief event on the program was a finished 
performance of the new puppet play, SNOW 
WHITE AND THE DWARFS , using a new set of 
puppets created ^y girls and boys during 
the summer, furniture built by one of the 
boys, and costumes which tv/o of the mothers 
helped make. The play vras adapted and re- 
hearsed under the expeidenced direction of 
Mrs Elizabeth Lee, summer assistant at the 

The evening concluded vdth the giving out 
of the certificates and a special award for 
the outstanding contribution to the li- 
brary's traditional wild floYirer exhibit. 
The latter was vroxi this year by a fourth 
grade girl who was first to find U2 dif- 
ferent species in the collection of 16? 
flowers. Visitors \Terc interested in see- 
ing this exhibit, also the puppet-making 
exhibit, and a display of finger-paintings 
done to illustrate stories told at the li-- 
brary. Refreshments of cookies and punch 
were served with the cooperation of mothers 
and older members of the club, 

Roxbu]:y Memorial 

September 27, 19?1, marks the twenty- 
fifth anniversary of the Roxbury Memorial 
Branch Library. This branch v/hich is 
unique in the system in that it is the only 
branch library in a high school building, 
has had but two librarians during the 
twenty five years of its service. Miss 
Beatrice Flanagan, who T;as Branch Librarian 
from 1926 to 1938 and Miss Margaret 
McGovem, who has been librarian since 1938. 
During this time there has been a close 
cooperation betv/een the High School and • 
the Library v/hich has expanded and devel- 
oped through the years. Books are chosen 
with the needs of both students and teach'- 
ers in mind, and the Roxbury Memorial 
Branch has one of the finest reference 
collections in the system. This is not 
a one-sided development, however, for the 
children and adults of the community have 
used and enjoyed the library from the 
beginning. Two of its first patrons, Mrs 
Ida Laivrence and Mr Emerson Pierce, have 
been constant and appreciative, and both 
have spoken with pride of the twenty-five 
years during which they have patronized it* 

In commemoration of this quarter centtiry 
anniversary an exhibit of pictures and 
photographs has been assembled. In one, 
the imposing Roxbury Memorial High School 
building is pictured with a photograph of 
the former branch library housed in a 
little store on the corner of Haynes Park 
and Warren Street, called the Warren Sta- 
tion, Pictures of the first story hours 
and the early Christraases of Roxbury Mem- 
orial Branch are also included in the ex- 

Margaret McGovem 

West End 

Miss Rebecca Millmeister our tireless 
traveler, who voyaged to Puerto Rico 
earlier in the season has just returned 
from a rural retreat in New Hampshire. 

Miss Nura Globus is presently enjoying ! 
motor trip through upper New York State 
and the Adirondacks, We are waiting to 
hear about her reaction to Broadway's 
current pjays. 

Miss Fanny Goldstein, Branch librarian, 
will travel to Atlantic City for the 37th 
Annual Convention of Hadassah, the largest 
national group of Jevdsh vromen in the 
world. Miss Goldstein will attend the 
meeting as a delegate from the Boston 
Professional and Business Women's Chapter 
of Hadassah from September 16 to 19. 

The personal interest which the patrons 
of the West End Branch take in their local 
library viras recently manifested by the 
receipt of two books of French poetry by 
M. Rosaire Dion-Levesque and his wife 
Alice Lemieux. M. Dion-Levesque, who is 
editor of the French paper L'Toile in 
Lowell, Mass. vras especially appreciative 
of news given him by Miss Goldstein con- 
cerning the book, QUE LIRE? by Jean Capart 
a two volume vrork in the French language 
vihich had never been reviewed locally, 
M, Dion-Levesque wrote a penetrating re- 
view of the book in French for his paper. 
Since Prof. Capart was one of Miss Gold- 
stein's continental library friends, she 
has sent a copy of the review to Jfaie. Jean 
Capart, the widow, in Burssells. 

Once in a great while some small inci- 
dent occurs to underline the fact that a 
library may make a very deep impression on 
a child — an impression that carries over 
into his adult life. One day this summer 
such an incident took place at the Vfest 
End Branch Library vrtien a smartly dressed 
and personable woman approached the desk 
and a sked if she might look around. It 

developed that she was making a nostalgic 
visit to -the. West End neighborhood where 
she had lived twpnty-five years before, 
and she wantpd "also to see again the' li- 
brary where; she spent many hours reading 
and studyir^g. Her memories of the West 
End Branch Library were particularly keen, 
and she spoka of her enjoyment of the Story 
Hours and of the crowds of children who 
frequented the branch. Although she found 
some physical aspects of the library great- 
ly changed, she felt the spirit of v;armth 
and friendliness had remained the same 
through the years. She is at present a 
successful laT^yer in New York City, yet 
sh^ haS; never forgotten the West End Branch 
Library which v/as almost a second home to 

Jemsh Book Month vdll be celebrated this 
year, from November 23rd to December 2Uth. 
All Branch Librarians who are interested 
in obtaining posters, pictures, periodicals, 
books and other printed material vd.ll 
please contact Miss Fanny Goldstein, 
Secretary of the Boston Jewish Book Month 



Any contribution to the Soap Box must 
be accompanied by the full name of the 
Association member submitting it, together 
with the name of the Branch Library, 
Department, or Office in #iich he or she 
is employed. The name is withheld from 
publication, or a pen name used, if the 
contributor so requests. Anonymous con- 
tributions are not given consideration. 
The author of the article is known only 
to the contributor and to the Editor-in- 
Chief, The contents of articles appear- 
ing in the Soap Box are personal opinions 
expressed by individual Association mem- 
bers and their appearance does not nec- 
essarily indicate that the Publications 
Committee and the Association are in 
agreement vath the vievfs expressed. 

To the Editors 

Orchids to the staffs of 
Book Selection Department and Cataloging 
and Classification Department, Division of 
Home Reading and Comiminity Services] Book 
Purchasing and Book Preparation Departments 
for their splendid work in acquiring and 
processing, on such short notice, the 


collection for the new Adams Street Branch 
Library. The tremendous task, performed so 
efficiently and under considerable strain, 
won the admiration of the many staff memr- 
bers who glin^jsed them in action. 

An Admirer 

Soap Box Editor: 

The new salary schedule 
recently distributed to members of the 
staff gives $2^60 as the maximum for the 
Sub-Professional service. This is inaccu- 
rate, since those who entered the service 
before June 19h9 nov/ enjoy a maximum of 
$2860, or it. 300 per year more than their 
colleagues iNho entered after that date. 
Ihy should this discrepancy exist when 
|300 vras granted by the Jfayor to every 
city employee, i/vith the obvious intention 
of increasing the entering rate and the 
maximum for each position? 

To the Editor: 

The beautiful, meticulous ■ 
vrork performed by the Library's Binding 
Department was again called to our atten- 
tion in the handsomely bound tooled leath- 
er remembrance book presented by the 
friends of Miss Hasson on the occasion of 
her retirement. 



Published by the Boston Public Library Professional Staff Association 

Volume VI 1 Number 10 

October 19gl 

Publications Committee: Geraldine M, Altman, Ruth S. Cannell, Ifary F, Daly, Thomas 

J. Manning, Beryl Y, Robinson, Martin F, Waters, Louisa S. 
Metcalf, Chairman 

Publication date ? 
The fifteenth of each month 

Deadline for submitting material < 
The tenth of each month 


At the recent conference ©f the New Eng-j 
land Library Association, in STiampscott, i 
the Director of the Rutland (Vermont) Free! 
Library excited surprised comment when he j 
announced that his library had closed for | 
the day to permit him and his staff to 
attend the general meeting arranged by the 
Vermont Library Association. Representing 
one h\xndred percent membership in a local 
library organization, this contrasted 
disappointingly with B.P.L. representation 
in both our state and national library 
associations. It is perhaps to be expect- 
ed in times when modest salaries are in- 
creasingly feeling the pinch of inflation ] 
that we should consider carefully before 
adding asso-iiation dues to already strain- 
ed budgets. However, with the remembrance! 
of an unusually stimulating conference 
fresh in mind, it is an opportune time to 
remind ourselves of some of the advantages 
to be derived from such professional 
affiliation* In addition to the prestige 
of identifying ourselves with organiza- 
tions representing the profession are the 
more tangible advantages of personal 
participation by casting our vote in aeso- 
ciation affairs, attending conferences, 
and receiving current publications. 
Through the latter media are provided in- 
formation concerning nevf developments in 
our particular fields and common meeting 
grounds with librarians of similar inter- 
ests, where a sharing of experience is 
made possible. Finally, by support of 
these organizations we lend strength to 
long range plans to promote and raise 
standards generally of the profession. 

If you are not already a member of at 
least A L A or Massachusetts Library As-so- 
ciation why not apply now for applications 
to Miss Sarah M, Usher, ALA Membership 
Committee, or to MiS'S Elizabeth J. Hodges, 
Librarian, Leominster Public Library, who 

Is chairman of the Jfessachusetts Library 
Association Membership Committee. 

The publication of The Question Mark has 
been delayed this month because of the 
holiday, and to make possible inclusion of 
reports of the New England Library Associa- 
tion Conference which coincided with the 
usual Question Mark deadline, 


Through November 11. Exhibition of prints 
by Arthur W, Heintzelman, Keeper of Prints, 
Boston Public Library, at Boston Museum of 
Fine Arts. 

October 20* 



Fourth Annual Human Relations 
Lecture Hall, Boston Public 

October 26. Social Meeting, B.P.L.P.S*A* 
Lecture Hall, Boston Public Library, Pro- 
gram to be announced. 



New Staff Members 

IjIts Josephine M. Shaw, Roslindale Branch 

Mrs Eunice R, Walker, South End Branch 

lass Helen T, Leydon, City Point Branch 

Mr Charles A. Hanson, Cataloging and 
Classification Department for Reference 
and Research Services, formerly part-time# 

Miss Helen F, Beeman, Personnel Office . 

Mss Sylvia M. Wood, Alls ton Branch Li- 


Miss Lois G. Goddard, Mattapan Branch 

Mr William K» Seward, General Reference 
Department, formerly part-time in the 
Statistical Department. 


Mrs Beverly Lambert, Cataloging and 
Classification Department, Reference and 
Research Services, to remain at home. 

Mr Julian L. Moynahan, Rare Book Depart- 
ment, to study at Harvard University on a 

Mr Frank A, Milillo, Book Stack Service, 
to accept another position, 

Mr Ernest W, Roussos, Book Purchasing 
Department, to accept another position, 

Mrs Fannie C, Qhrnig, Uphama Corner 
Branch Library, to remain at horns. 

Miss Mary Ann Reeves, Science and Tech- 
nology Department, to attend Boston Uni- 

Miss Ingrid E, Kyler, Fine Arts Depart- 
ment, to attend Columbia University Grad- • 
uate School. 


Miss Elizabeth P. Ross, Branch Librarian 
Codman Square Branch Library, 

Miss Ruth B, Sather, Assistant, Codman 
Fquare Branch Library, 

Jiiss Beatrice C, Maguire, Branch Librar- 
ian, Uphams Comer Branch Library, 


librs Agnes R. B-urke, from Young People's 
Room to Washington Village Branch Library, 

Miss Irene M, Bennett, from Office of 
Home Reading and Community Services to 
Book Preparation Department, 

Mrs Mary R, Delano, from Allston Branch 
Library to Adams Street Branch Library, 

Mr Paul Smith, from Business Office to 
Book Purchasing Department, 

Miss Lillian L, Friedman, from Washing- 
ton Village Branch Library to Adams Street 
Branch Library. 

Mrs Naomi Wayne from West End Branch 
Library to Mt Bowdoin Branch Library. 


Miss Marie E. Murphy, Codman Square 
Branch Library to Joseph T, White, on 
September 8, 1951. 

Miss Julia M, Manning, Rare Book Depart- 
meat, to Edward F, Gurnett, on September 
22, 1951. 

}lir Paul Smith, Book Purchasing Depart- 
ment, to June White, September 23, 195l» 

Miss M. Lois Cheverie, Bookmobile, to 
IJbc Daniel Hughes, on September 29, 1951. 

Miss Shirley Borden, History Department, 
to Daniel A 'Hem, on September 29, 195l» 


A son, Paul Edward, Jr, to Mr and Mrs 
Paul E. Nagle, llrs Nagle is on leave of 
absence from the Office of Records, Files, 
and Statistics. Mr Nagle is a member of 
the staff of the Book Preparation Depart- 



On Saturday, September 8, at a 10 o'clock 
Nuptial I/hss, Jiliss Marie E, Murphy, Codman 
Square Branch Library, was married to ISr 
Joseph T. White of Charlestown. The bride 
wore a gown of white satin and lace, a 
pearl and rhinestone trimmed finger-tip 
veil, and carried a prayer book with a 
white orchid. She was attended by her two 
sisters, and the groom's brother was his 
best man. I\trs Cecilia McCarthy of the 
Charlestown Branch Library was the soloi'5-';. 
The maid of honor was gowned in nile grc^'-. 
tulle with a matching picture hat and 
carried yellow roses, and the flower girl 
wore orchid taffeta and carried an old- 
fashioned bouquet. Following the receptionn 
attended by many of the bride's library 
friends, the couple motored to Nev; Hamp- 
shire for their honeymoon. 

Mss Julia M, lianning. Rare Book Depart- 
ment, was married on Saturday, September 22, 
at the ?.tLssion Church, Roxbury, to te* 
Edward Francis Gurnett, Jr, of Newtonville, 
The bride wore a -crhite satin dress embroid- 
ered with pearls' and was attended by Mrs 
Mary Buckley dressed in green taffeta. 
She was given away by her brother. After 
the ceremony relatives and a few close . 
friends of the couple met at the Hotel 
Beaconsfield for a delightful wedding 
breakfast, followed by dancing. 

On Sunday afternoon, September 23, Miss 
June White of Roslindale became the bride 
of Mr Pa\a W, Smith, formerly of the Busi- 
ness Office, at Holy Name Church, West 
Roxbury, The bride wore a white satin 


gowi with lace inserts, and carried a 
bouquet of glamovir lilies with a white 
orchid. The maid of honor, and the three 
bridesmaids wore velvet gowns. Many 
friends attended the reception which fol- 
lowed the ceremony. After a trip to New 
York and Cape Cod, Mr and Mrs Smith will 
make their home in Roslindale. 


The staff of the Jamaica Plain Branch 
Library held an impromptu luncheon in the 
staff room, Thursday, October U, to honor 
Mies Ruth V, Mann, who was married to 
Sgt. Charles Gibson, Saturday, October 13 • 
Miss Mann vras presented with a place set- 
ting of silver. 

JJiss Elizabeth P. Ross, Branch Librar- 
ian, and I\Iiss Ruth B. Sather, Assistant, 
recently retired after many years of ser- 
vice at Codman Square Branch Library, were 
honored at a luncheon at the Branch on 
Thursday, October U. The staff presented 
water color paints and pastels and pads of] 
arts paper to Miss Ross, who is an art i 
enthusiast. Miss Sather was given a navy : 
and silver Parker '51 pen. The luncheon | 
was prepared by Mrs Jean Buchanan, and Mrs 
Alice Harrison. 

Miss Alice Hackett, Cataloging and 
Classification Department, Division of 
Reference and Research Services, who re- 
cently underwent an operation. 


Tffi YffiLCOIilE BACK 
Miss Palmyra Picculo, Cataloging and 
Classification Department, Division of 
Reference and Research Services, after an 
extended illness. 

Mr Zoltan Haras zti. Rare Book Department 
after a trip to England, Scotland, France 
and Italy. 


Misses Ifery Ellis and Ruth Stenstreem, 

Ca'^aloging and Classification Department, 

Division of Reference and Research Ser- ■ 

vices-, after a trip to Ireland. 



Fourth Aluimae Tea 

On Saturday afternoon, September 29, Miss 
Edith Guerrier, Supervisor of Branch Li- 
braries, Emeritus, was hostess at a tea at 
her home in Brighton. Her guests were: 
Miss Alice M. Jordan, Supervisor of Work 
vrith Children, Emeritus, and Branch Librar- 
ians, Emeritus, Katie F. Albert, Mary E. 
Ames, M. Florence Cufflin, Elizabeth H. 
McShane, Katherine S, Rogan, Mary M, Sulli- 
van, Geneva Watson, Rebecca E« Willis, and 
Miss Elizabeth P. Ross, whose retirement 
became effective the next day. It was re- 
gretted that four Branch Librarians, Emeri- 
tus, had previous plans and could not be 
there; l&ra Edith H. Bailey, Clara L. 
Maxv;ell, Carrie L. Morse, and Katharine F. 
Muldoon. Assisting Miss Guerrier were the 
same "caterers" who had served in 1950. 
Colored slides taken during vacations this 
past summer were shown - some of Nova 
Scotia by Miss A, Virginia Haviland, and 
some of Florida and other southern states 
by Mrs Muriel C. J:ivelin. There was also 
ample time for reminiscing as well as for 
sharing enthusiastically vrith each other 
plans and pro;3ects for the future. The 
group was convincing exemplification of 
Robert Browning's philosophy: 

"Grow old along with me J 
The best is yet to b©j" 



In honor of the eighty-first birthday of 
Miss Edith Guerrier, Supervisor of Branch 
Libraries, Emeritus, on September 20, 1951, 
the Saturday Evening Girls presented the 
Library with $2^ to be added to the EDITH 



In the resignation of Mss Beatrice C« 
Ifeguire on September 30, 19^1, the Boston 


Publlc Library and the citizens of the 
Uphams Comer district have lost a faith- 
ful worker and a good friend. For over 
thirty years she has served them long and 
well for her chief concerns were directed 
always toward the larger interests of the 
public and the library,, 

Her training at Simmons College Library 
School and her experience as a Children's 
Librarian at Charles town Branch Library 
provided her vrith an interest in Children^ 
work which lasted through the years'* When 
she came to Uphams Corner as a branch li- 
brarian in 1917, she became aware of the 
need for more adequate quarters for the 
children and their books. Under her insti- 
gation and direction, the unused swimming 
pool on the first floor of the Jtoiicipal 
Building was transformed into an attrac- 
tive and useful Children ♦? Room which has 
flourished and served hundreds of children! 
for twenty-five years. | 

The rich and widely varied collection of| 
books at Uphams Comer, expecially the | 
reference collection and that in the tech-: 
nical field, are a tribute to her judgment] 
and knowledge of books. In Miss Maguire | 
her public found an interest and ready ! 
willingness to provide for their literary ' 
needs. She was untiring in her efforts toj 
search and find answers to their questions 
and would go to great lengths to provide 
the right books to meet their problems. 
In such a way she has built up the Li- 
brary's collection which has contributed 
so much to its usefulness. Miss Maguire 's 
gifts for organization and efficiency 
were due to her farsightedness and dis- 
cernment and were a great contributory 
factor in the growth of the Branch Librarj! 
Her rigorous attention to detail in the 
matter of schedules and work systems made j 
her staff and her library an effective i 
unit. i 

Her public at Uphams Comer owes her a j 
debt of gratitude for she guided the i 
growth of the Library along the | 
growth of the comm\inity; a gratitude which 
has been expressed by many people during i 
these months since her tragic illness last 
December. j 

M. E. 0. 

September 30, her fellow-librarians were 
stunned. They recovered sufficiently, 
however, to gather at a luncheon at the 
Hotel Vendome on Yfednesday, October 3, to 
honor her for her years of service in the 
Library, and to express their depp regret 
at the loss of her presence in their midst. 
As friends, they came to wiah her every 
happiness, and as a parting gift, she was 
presented with a handsome black bag, the 
contents of which^ she told us, would be 
used to go o^o-t West, next year, to her 
nephew's weddingo 

Everyone who has worked with Miss Ross 
at Codraan Square or on committees, or just 
sat with her at meetings, will remember her 
dry sense of humor j, her direct and sensible 
approach to problems, her sincerity and 
great kindness. She was enthusiastic and 
energetic in her work, and devoted to the 
ideal of the widest possible personal ser- 
vice to the publico Miss Ross became a 
friend, by name, to so many people who used 
the Library, that there was always some one 
coming back just to see her. In so far as 
a person can be identified with a place, 
Mss Ross vias "Codman vSquare". We hope 
that her new leisure and activities in 
Georgetown will give her as much pleasure 
and satisfaction as she always seemed to 
have from her work. A good sport, a grand 
person, and a fine librarian. Miss Ross, 
good luck to youl 



When Miss Elizabeth Ross suddenly an- 
nounced her retirement, to take effect 


When Miss Ruth B. Sat her retired on 
September 30, 19^1, she had completed 
exactly UO years of full-time service in 
the Boston Public Library. i%ile it is 
given to few people to round out an even 
number of years of service, it is also 
given to but few in this Library system to 
have spent those years in working in the 
same Branch Libraryc Miss Sather had > 
served as First Assistant and as Assistant 
at Codraan Square Branch Library for Tour 
decades, following five years of part-time 
work, and during that time had had an 
opportunity to know her district — to 
watch it grow and change — and to know 
well the people with \T^ora she eame into 
daily contacto For many years she has 
labored under a physical handicap which 
would have caused a person of lesser de- 
termination and courage to have taken the 


easy way out and retired early* Instead, 
she came to \rork with a regularity which ' 
even the vicissitudes of vreather could not| 
interrupt. She will be missed by the 
staff and by the public she served as she,t 
in turn, will miss the daily routine. 
Best wisiies go with her as she plans for 
her days of leisure] 



An Executive Board meeting was held on 
Wednesday, October 3, bringing together 
the members for the first time since the 
vacation period. Consideration -Viras given 
to nevi or continuing work of the Associa- 

Action has been initiated in the matter 
of a contribution by the staff tov/ard a 
vra'itten statement of objectives for the 
Boston Public Library. A small committee 
is being formed to work with the President' 
and the Board with the hope that something! 
tangible may be presented at the November i 
business meeting. Efforts are being made 
to obtain first hand information in regara 
to this undertaking from other large li- i 
braries such as New York, Detroit, etc. j 

The Association had the privilege of 
acting as host to Ike Ifegnus K, Kristoffer-| 
sen, Librarian, Hartford Public Library, 
at luncheon after the SORT meeting on 
October 11th at Swampscott at which he was 
the speaker, Mr Bradford Hill as Chairman 
of the SORT Steering Committee was in 
charge of the meeting. 

The date of the November business meet- 
ing will be Friday, November 23rd - keep 
this date in mind, 




IWiat is wrong 

At Kaesong? 

Bitter words or silence sealed 

VJith a bitterness congealed: 

Can the breach be never healed? 

While the emissaries bicker, 

All the waiting world grows sicker, 

Hope has nearly ceased to flicker. 

Time runs out — and still the slowing 
Pace continues. There's no knowing 
Of the end — and blood is flowing. 

Now a miracle is needed. 
Miracles alone are heeded. 
Miracles alone are seeded 

With resur.7inT life for men, 
Christ, appear to them again. 
But as Lord triumphant — then 

Drop a borab-of-peace in glory 
On the earth inept and gory, 
Crash on Satan's territory — 

Smash the spirit that defies thee. 
Smite the terror that denies thee. 
Crush the will-to-war that flies thee — 

That the end of wild defying, 

End of desperate denying 

End at last the fruitless dyingi 

liiargaret Munsterberg 

(Reprinted from The Churchman, Oct. 1,19^1) 



Early in the year 1950 the Publications 
Committee vtas notified that the Executive 
Board had voted that The Quest i on Mark be 
indexed, beginning with Volume I, Number 1, 
and that six copies of each volume be 

The Committee immediately undertook the 
task which had been set for it and reports 
on the progress of the work were made at 
the semi-annual business meetings of the 
Association, I'^^'hen new committees were 
appointed in 1951, the retiring Publica- 
tions Committee asked permission to com- 
plete this work which had proved to be more 
time-consuming than had been anticipated, 
and which it had not been able to encompass 
vathin the year. The work has now been 
completed and eight bound and indexed 
copies for each of the years 19U6,19U7, 
19 1;8, 19i|9 and 19^0 have been distributed 


as follows: 

1, B.P.L.P.SJL. official files 

2, Trustees' Library 

3, Book Stack Service 
Uc Staff Library 

5» The Director 

6, Office of Records, Files, Statis- 

8.) Extra copies for loan, replace- 
ment, etc. 

appear so that bound copies of Volume VI 
should be ready early in 1952. 

revising and editing, and part of the 
stencil cutting vras done by the committee 
outside of library hours. As time permits 
and volunteers are available, the index 
will be typed onto cards and the years 
interfiled so that there viill be an up-to- 
date cumulative index maintained* 

It should be on interest to members of 
the Association that in July a bound copy 
of Volume IV (Volume V had not been com- 
pleted at that time) vfas sent to the ALA 
Conference in Chicago, In acknowledging 
its receipt, Miss Hazel B. Timmerraan, 

Polly Huse discussed the Library's exhib- 
it in observance of Fire Prevention Vfeek on 
Friday, October 12, over WBZ-TVo 

Sometime during the month of October the 
Boston Sunday Post Magazine will feature 
the story of the Library's teen-age program. 

highlighting the Keen Teens at Connolly 
Branch Library, 

The Boston Globe iiriLll feature gifts to 
the Library in the rotogravure section either 
Current issues are being indexed as theyiate in October or early in November^ The 

Boston Post will also publish a story on 
gifts to the Library, These have been 

For the record, all the work of indexingpi^nned in connection with the exhibit of 

gifts which will be on display in the Central 
Library during November, 

The f ollovj-ing nev/s item has appeared in 
the Boston Globe and many local papers, 

"Miss Audrey Totter, Hollywood star, will 
feature the second broadcast of the radio 
series 'Operation Brotherhood' to be heard 
Saturday, October 6, over WBZ from 12:1^ to 
12:30 p,m, under the sponsorship of the 
National Conference of Christians and Jews, 
"Miss Totter 's recorded narration is en- 
titled 'Headline Piate' • This broadcast is 
one of a series of twelve radio programs 

Executive Assistant, A.L.A, Board on Per- devoted to incidents related to the kind 
sonnel Administration, wrote; "It is an of good human relations required in elirai- 
excellent piece of work and will be a verynating hostilities growing out of racial 

interesting and helpful addition to our 
Personnel Administration Exhibit," 

Sarah M, Usher, Chairman 
Publications Committee, 

Editor's Note ; Congratulations to the 
former Editor on this splendid and valu- 
able undertaking which will be of such 
lasting benefit to the Association, 



On Tuesday, September 10, Dick Tucker 
of WBZ-TV interviewed Mr Harold Marshman, 
chief instructor at the North Bennet . 
Street Industrial School, through whose 
efforts the Library exhibited the v^rork of 
the School's department of piano tuning, 
regulating, and repairing during the month 
of September, 

Mrs Helen F, Hirson was Bill Hahn's 
guest on WNAC-TV, Wednesday, September 19 
when she spoke of the Library's service to 
labor and the exhibit on Labor's Role in 
the Community. 

or religious differences, 
"The final five minutes of the program will 
highlight a discussion by Dr Dennis C, 
Haley, Superintendent of Boston Public 
Schools, and Mrs Muriel C, Javelin, Head, 
Adult Education Department of the Boston 
Public Library, They will tell what the 
schools and the libraries are doing toward 
building understanding and cooperation 
among the ethnic, racial and religious 
groups of the community. Dean Charles W, 
Havice of Northeastern University, chair- 
man of the Conference's Regional Education 
Committee, vdll be the moderator," 


C are-Unesco Children's Book Fvind 

A sks your help and charity 

R arely has the need been greater 

E verybody will agree, 

B ooks make friendships that are binding 

vercome the language strife 

ur aim must be to kindle 

K nowledge of our way of life. 


F ood for mind as well as body 
U nity through books we share 
N ot a dream but something we can 
D right now - show that we CARE J 


In the October issue of the ALA Bulletin! 

there will appear the proposed new scale 
of dues, together with a ballot so that 
you may vote for or against the suggested 
increase. As you consider this proposal 
in connection v;ith your awn personal bud- 
get, won't you please give a few thoughts 
to the ALA budget, and to what those in 
the library profession expect ALA to 
accoiiplish within the limitations of its 
budget? Don't vote in haste — consider 
the pros and cons ~ but votei 

Sarah M, Usher 
ALA Membership Committee 

Mr Heintzelman in Solo Exhibition at the 

Not to be missed by print lovers and 
fellow staff members is the current solo 
exhibition of etchings, drypoints and 
drawings by Mr Arthur W, Heintzelman, 
Keeper of Prints, Boston Public Library, 
at the Boston Museum of Fine Arts, The 
exhibition of about fifty items represents 
a selection from a gift of nearly 300 
prints presented to the Jihiseum by lie L» 
Aaron Lebowlch, a Boston businessman and 
art collector. The collection which is 
second in importance to that in the Li- 
brary's incomparable Wiggin collection of 
Mr Heintzelman 's work, includes the not- 
able Wine Grower and Three Score Years and 
Ten (generally considered his two finest 
works). The Rabfel ^ whl«h first attracted 
the interest of art critics, portraits of 
Maestro Toscanini and Dr Albert Schweitzer^ 
and several of the artist's masterly 
characterizations of Araish folk and other 
Pennsylvania Dutch, Notable in the latter 
group is a fine vigorous sanguine drawing 
of a Lancaster Co\mty Farmer which is a 
preliminary study for the drypoint of the 
same subject. 

As a local critic has written, in re- 
viewing the exhibit, "this is a top cali- 
ber show by an artist who not only has 

something real and lasting to say, but who 
knows how to say it remarkably well". The 
exhibition will continue in the first Print 
Gallery through November 11. 



At their last meeting the Trustees voted 
to award a contract to the D. A, Rossano 
Construction Co., Ine», for alterations to 
the former quarters of the Book Purchasing 
Department, When the alterations are com- 
pleted, the area will become the Children's 
Section of the Open Shelf Department. The 
alterations which are to be made will be in 
keeping with those in the new Open Shelf 
Department quarters. 

A contract has been awarded to the Boston 
vShow Case Company, for fourteen wall ex- 
hibition cases. When delivered, the show 
cases will be installed in the first floor 
corridor walls of the Central Library 

The Trustees have awarded a contract to 
the Aetna Electric Company, for the in- 
stallation of new fluorescent lighting 
fixtures in the corridors on the Stack two 
level, and in the corridor on the Stack 
three level leading from the passenger 
elevator to the new quarters of the Book 
Purchasing Department, 

The Tyler Street Reading Room will re- 
open sometime in the early part of Novem- 
ber 19^1, 

Word has been received that Bookmobile 
No, 2 will arrive in Boston and be ready 
for use before the end of October 195l» 

Two branch libraries are being painted 
and redecorated at the present time. They 
are the West End and Charlestown Branch 


The trials of an editor are graphically j 
told in Lydia ^taria Child and Antl-Slaveryi 
by Ethel K, Ware, which appears in its 
first instalment in the October issue of 
the Quarterly. Mrs Child was already an 
author with several books to her credit, 
including the Juvenile ?Tiscellany, when 
she contributed to the Abolitionist cause 
one of the most telling pieces of v/riting 
which had so far been produced in its de- 
fense, An Appeal in Behalf of that Class 
of Americans Called Africans , published in 
1832. Thomas Wenworth Higginson, William 
Ellery Channing and Charles Sumner all 
confessed themselves moved by the power of 
her arguments here. It v/as only natural 
therefore that when the Nev/ York paper. 
The National Anti-Slavery Standard, needed 
an editor, litrs Child was selected for the 
post. It was a full- time assignment. 
The paper was never out of debt, although 
by Mrs Child's valiant efforts it more 
nearly approached being so. She was ex- 
pected to keep her readers informed of 
current local, national and international 
trends. She attended meetings and report- 
ed tham, reviewed books, wrote letters, and 
never for a moment let the interest of her 
public flag on the subject of Abolitiono 
All of this she did almost unaided, Ydth 
an infinitesmal salary, yet not unmindful 
of the New York arovmd her* From these 
excursions into the life of the great city 
which she observed vrxth an appraising eye, 
have come her Letters from New York g pub- 
lished in The Standard and read T;ith 
relish by her friends in Boston and the 
younger Transcendentalists . For all her 
prominence in the causes of her time. 
Abolition, the rights of Indians, the care 
of the poor, and of the insane, Mrs Child 
shunned publicity, we are told, and was 
impatient with those virho wished to write 
her lifestory. Her skill as a contender 
in those controversial fields is revealed 
in her correspondence. There are notable 
examples of this in many of the Library's 
special collections, in the anti-slavery 
manuscripts, and in the volumes of the 
Child Papers. 

In The German Petrarch of 1^32, Miss 
Munsterberg writes with both erudition and 
wit as she describes an old book "virritten 
by Petrarch in I366, not long before his 
death. By that time experience had taught 
him much and in the dialogues between Hope, 
Fear, Sorrow, and Reason there is com- 
pressed the wisdom of a lifetime, or as it 
is phrased in the sub-title, "how every 

one should keep himself in fortune and 
misfortune," The Library's copy, a German 
translation of the original Latin, is call- 
ed Von der Artzney bayder Gluck des guten 
und widerv/ertigen and was printed in Augs- 
berg in 1532. It is in two volumes, bound 
in leather-covered vrooden boards, and has 
some remarkable illustrations, one of v^ich 
is reproduced in the Quarterly. Apart from 
the interest of the work as a valuable 
addition to our collections, the article 
is an example vforth noting of a detailed, 
professional description of a book. 

There is a singular appeal in the picture 
which Mr Francis B, Dedmond of the Univer- 
sity of North Carolina gives in his notes 
on the beginnings of public library activ- 
ity in the town of Concord, Massachusetts^ 
a hundred odd years ago, Mr Dedmond has 
compiled from manuscripts and reports a 
summary of what life was like in the days 
when Thoreau was one of the shareholders 
of the newly— founded Concord Athenaeum, 
when the book count of the Concord Social 
Library was slightly less than a thousand 
volumes and Emerson was serving on its . 
Library Committee. Altogether, it is a 
prosperous record. The Concord Social 
Library progressed to public status, 
availed itself of the benefits of the Li- 
brary Enabling Act of l85l, acquired a 
building of its own, the gift of a public- 
spirited native son, and in due course, a 
collection numbering in the thousands, 

C. H. 


On October U, 1951 > in the Gardner Audi- 
torium at the State House, there was held 
a State Civil Defense meeting to which had 
been invited women who lead state-wide 
women's organizations and their local 
branches, as well as vraraen in the City of 
Boston Civil Defense setup. In represen- 
tation of the Library two members of the 
Civil Defense Planning Committee attended 
— Misses Ruth S. Cannell and Sarah M, 

Mr John F, Stokee, State Director of 
Civil Defense, welcomed the group and in- 
troduced I>Ir Edward A, Weeks, Editor of THE 
ATLi^NTIC MOOTHJ.Y, who presided. The first 
speaker vras Jfejor Charles G. Helmick, Com- 
manding General of the New England Subarea, 
who spoke on Relat.ionship between^jyie _A^ 
and Civil Defense » He brought out the 
point that when the 81st Congress passed 


the Federal Civil Defense Act of 19^1, it 
placed responsibility for Civil Defense 
with states and municipalities, not with 
the Armed Forces. This was because the 
Armed Forces are busy building up their 
strength and in time of attack vrould be 
moving according to set plans in order to 
insure that the country is well protected. 
The assumption is that the enemy is going 
to attack, if it can, the production cen- 
ters, thereby interfering vdth the flow of 
supplies to the Army, Boston ranks high 
enough on the list so that everyone must 
be av/are of the danger and aware of the 
need of taking what s teps can be taken to 
minimize the danger. 

Civil Defense is of value to the Army 
because s 

(1) It works to reduce the effect of an 
attack upon the productivity of the area 

(2) The men in the Armed Forces know of 
the dangers to which their families are 
exposed and the fact that machinery exists 
to take care of the families at home 
effects their peace of mind and fighting 

The Army has certain duties in connec- 
tion with Civil Defense: 

(1) Furnishing technological information 
when needed, 

(2) acquiring knowledge of possible 
sources of attack, 

(3) discovering enemies' capabilities, 
(li) in case of attack, disposing of un- 

exploded bombs and other munitions. 

A large group of people well-organized 
and well-trained in duties of Civil De- 
fense can be of tremendous value. In case 
of attack one of the greatest elements to 
combat will be panic, caused by fear. 
Four elements making up fear vrere ana- 

(1) Imagination . We assign to the un- 
known powers out of proportion to the 
actual weapon. 

(2) Ignorance . An atomic bomb is noth- 
ing more than an enlarged high explosive 
shell with definite limitations and defi- 
nite effects. If v;e know the limitations 
and the effects, we villi not have over- 
whelming fear. 

(3) Egotism . Each one feels that he is 
individually the target of attack. Let 
egotism express itself in definite Civil 
Defense jobs rather than in worrying about 
getting hit. 

ik) Isolation , One person alone can 
let his imagination run \rild but in a 
Civil Defense organization lAiiere he is 

working with others mth something definite 
to do, there is an incentive for curbing 
the imagination. 

In closing Major Helmick said; "The 
measure of the effectiveness of our Civil 
Defense is our ability, vAen called upon, 
to live up to the standards of courage set 
by our forebears in the early days vrhen 
every minute they were open to attack 
out warning, by savages. It is important t 
that we bev-orthy successors of our forebears 
of #iom our children, v^hen they look back 
upon T/hat we did in this crisis, may be 
able to say, 'They did their job well.'" 

The second speaker was Commissioner 
Patrick A. Tompkins, Massachusetts Depart- 
ment of Public Welfare, in charge of Ci- 
vilian TiTar Aid Services. His main concern 
is with food, clothing, and housing, and 
to accomplish anything effective along 
these lines, cooperation with organized 
industry is absolutely necessary. As one 
example of the type of problem with which 
his group is faced, he cited the fact that 
most of the milk for the three southern 
Nev/ England states comes from the three 
northern states and the five largest pas- 
teurization plants are all located in 
Charlestown, one of the supposedly vulner- 
able spots along this coast. 

He stressed the fact that women will be 
called upon to do dirty work — crashing 
dishes, cleaning toilets, scrubbing walls 
from top to bottom — to eliminate possi- 
bilities of contamination. He urged the 
women to go back to their organizations a 
and tell their friends and neighbors that 
there is a job to do, and that it is a 
dirty job. He said: "If you put into 
your daily living l/lO" of 1% of the energy 
that the knovm and unknown Communists in 
America put into their daily living in an 
attempt to destroy America, you vdLll have 
made your contribution to Civil Defense 
and you will have made your contribution 
toward saving your ovm skin," 

Commissioner Vlado A, Getting, M.D,, 
Massachusetts Department of Public Health, 
in charge of Medical and Health Services, 
stressed the importance of being prepared 
in all parts of the Comraomvealth for every 
type of disaster. He warned that there 
may be multiple attacks simultaneously so 
that each region of the State must be as 
self-sustaining as possible. We may ex- 
pect panic, biological ivarfare, chemical 
warfare, radio activity, demolition and 
atomic bombs — all without warnings 
There will be ill:';csses in larger degree 
than normally and crowded housing condi- 


tions. He listed several steps; 

(1) Recruiting people to take part, 

(2) Signing up with an organization 
(Red Cross, etc.) 

(3) Training in technical skills (First 
Aid, etc.) 

(U) Maneuvers, mock exercizes in prepa- 
ration for the real thing. 

{$) Cooperation with units within the 
state and outside the state. 
In answer to the question, "I'Vhat can 
women do?", Dr Gettings listed such activ- 
ities as First Aid, Nurses Aids, Canteen 
Workers, Clerks in hospitals. Assisting in 
taking blood from donors, locating sup- 
plies and equipment so that in time of 
disaster they could be assembled with the 
least waste of time. He believes that 
there can be no success without whole- 
hearted cooperation and that women must do 
their share. He urged the women to go 
back to their organizations and get people 
to work with enthusiasm, reminding them 
that they are working not only for them- 
selves but for their neighbors as well* 
Finally, he stated his belief that there 
will always be an America, and though 
Atom bombs may fall on Boston, there will 
always be a Boston, 

Miss Pauline Fenno, Consultant at the 
State Civil Defense Headquarters, in 
charge of IVomen's Voluntary Participation 
for Civil Defense, spoke of her experi- 
ences as a member of the staff of Lady 
Reading, who headed Great Britain's 
Womsn's Voluntary Services, in substantia- 
tion of her belief that women of America 
can do the job that is theirs in connec- 
tion vdth Civil Defense. She listed three 
steps to be taken by women's organiza- 

(1) Contact local Civil Defense Direc-^ 

(2) Alert members to the needs for 
their services 

(3) Get practical training through, for 
instance^, the various branches of the 
Red Cross. 

A brief question-and-answer preceded the 
adjournment of the meeting. 

The Library Yfas represented by Mrs Edna 
M, Wollent, R.N., at a meeting of the 
Health Services Division, City of Boston 
Dupartment of Civil Defense, vAiich took 
place in the Dowling Amphitheatre, Boston 
City Hospital on October 8, John H, 
Cauley, M.D,, Chief Medical Officer, pre- 
sided. The meeting was opened by the 

shoT/ving of the film Self Preservation ^ 
presented by the Federal Civil Defense 
Administration. The first speaker of the 
evening was Francis D, Moore, M,D,, Mosley 
Professor of Surgery, Harvard Medical 
School, who, in his talk on Ifass Treatment 
of Burn Casualtie s, considered what the 
layman can do to help and stressed that 
the great need is for tremendous store of 
plasma without vi^hich even the medical men 
are handicapped. 

The highlight of the meeting was an ad- 
dress. Planning Civil Defense , given by 
Colonel Jack Gault, U,S, Army, Chief of 
Tactical Division, Federal Civil Defense 
Administration, The keynote of his talk 
was the need for speeding up Civil Defense 
preparations. On his way to Korea, he had 
stopped in Boston, as the medical center 
of the country, for information on "first 
aid and help of the laity in treatment of 
burns, etc." His entire emphasis was on 
the necessity for speed. 

One of the best pieces of publicity 
which the Library's Civil Defense program 
has received was the article which appear- 
ed in the Boston GLOBE on Sunday, Septem- 
ber 2, 1951, 


At the invitation of the French Govern- 
ment, Arthur W, Heintzelman, Keeper of 
Prints, will sail on the Liberte', Novem- 
ber 2, for France, to organize an important 
exchange exhibition of French prints to 
come to the United States, 

Through the efforts of Ifr Heintzelman 
and M, Rene' de Messieres, Conseiller Cul- 
turel at the French Embassy in New York, 
the first post-war exhibition of American 
prints was sent to the International Exhi- 
bition of Contemporary Printmaking, held 
in the Petit Palais in Paris in llhy 19it9, 
The American section of the exhibition, in 
which fourteen countries vrere represented, 
was then shown at the United States Em- 
bassy in Paris and is now travelling 
through the occupied American Zone in 
Germany, The interest in the exhibition 
has been so great that by special request 
of American authorities in Germany it Td.ll 
continue to be shov/n until the end of 1951 

As a result of the success of this ex- 
hibition, Mr Heintzelman was asked to 


organize a second and more comprehensive 
group of prints that would represent the 
efforts of the foremost artists working i 
the print field today. The project was 
sponsored by the Print Department in the 
Boston Public Library, and the Cultural 
Attache of the United States Embassy in 
Paris. The exhibition of one hundred 
items was inaugurated in July 1950 in the 

This is not the first exhibition of the 
sort arranged by Mr Heintzelman. lllhile 
resident in France in 192? he organized 
with M, P. A« Lemoisne, who was then Con- 
servateur du Cabinet des Estampes at the 
Bibliotheque Nationale, an exchange exhi- 
bition of prints between France and the 
United States. During World War II he was 

responsible for the many exhibitions of 
International Exhibition of Printmaking inj French art in Boston, and was awarded the 
Rouen. It was then shown at the Embassy j honor of the Chevalier de la Legion 
in Paris and is now travelling through thej d^Honneur by the French Government in 19U7» 
provinces of France. 

A third show was organized at the invi- 
tation of the United States Embassy in 
Paris, which was expected to open in its 
gallery in the autumn of 19^1 and then go 
on tour. Details for the exhibition were j 
arranged by Miss Muriel Figenbaum, First 
Assistant, Print Department, Boston Public 
Library, while on an extended stay in | 
Paris for research and study at the 
Bibliotheque Nationale. Because of the 



As many of the staff members assisted in 
the preparation of the exhibit. Labor ' 3 
Role in the Community , presented in the 
Main Lobby of the Central Library during 

importance of the exhibition it is expect-i the month of September, they will be in- 

ed that the opening will take place in the 
galleries of the Bibliotheque Nationale in 
the Spring of 1952. 

With so much American representation in 
France the idea of a French exhibition to 
come here was met much enthusiasm by 
Me Albert Chambon, Consul General de^ 
France in New England, and by Mo Rene de 
Messi^res. At the request of the French 
Government Mr Heintzelman was invited to 
go to France to make arrangements person- 
ally for this exhibition, working the 
Comite National de la Gravure Francjaise inl brary. Mr Henry Jj Brides, President of 

terested to know that the exhibit aroused 
attention near and fara 

In addition to the prominent publicity 
in all the Boston newspapers, there were 
articles and photographs in six union pub- 
lications, local and national. Television, 
too, f ovmd the service to labor worthy of 
news. On Station TWAC, I was interviewed 
by Bill Hahn on his fifteen minute program 
at noon. Moreover, three different still 
pictiires were used on three TV newscasts. 

Many union officers have come to the Li- 


Since the idea of the American exhibi- 
tions was given birth through the Print 
Department in the Boston Public Library 
the thought was to open a French show in 

the Massachusetts Federation of Labor, and 
yir J. William Belanger, President of Mass- 
achusetts CIO, came on the second day of 
the exhibit and praised it highly. Ifr 
Julius Bernstein of the Labor Committee to 
the Albert H, Wiggin" Gallery early in 1952] Combat Intolerance exclaimed, "This exhibit 
with official representation from the Cityj is the best thing that has 'hit' this towni" 
of Boston and the French Government. j Some of the results of the publicity in- 
After the display here the exhibition •v/ill eluded l 

travel to the major art museums and gal- , 1. At the request of the Worcester Rub- 
le ries in the United States. In addition j lie Library, Mr Stephen Eo McCloskey, the 

AFL Liaison Officer, who planned the exhi- 

to M. Albert Chambon and M. Rene de 
Messieres, Directors and Curators of the 
major print centers in this country have 
lent their names and offered their help. 
Serving also as members of the Honorary 
Coinmittee are Mr Milton E. Lord, Director 
of the Boston Public Library, and M» 
Jrlien Cain, I'Administrateur General de 
la Bibliothe'que Nationale and Directeur 
de3 Bibliotheque de France, who will be 
Honorary President of the Exhibition, 

bition, is arranging a similar exhibit. 

2» Pictures and information were sent 
upon request to a publisher in Washington 
for use in several monthly journals of 
International Unions affiliated with the 

3. At the request of the Chairman of 
the ALA Joint Committee on Library Service 
to Labor Groups, an article describing the 
exhibit, the planning, publicity, and the 


reaction of the unions and the community 
was sent for the next issue of the Commit-j 
tee's Newsletter. j 

k» At a meeting of the Boston Central 
Labor Union, I was given the opportunity 
to speak about the exhibit o 

5« Miss Anne R. Soraers, Special Consul tf 
ant, U,S. Department of Labor, Bureau of 
Labor Statistics, has asked for pictures 
and material describing the exhibit and 
information on the Libi-ary's service to 
trade unions. Her letter ended, "May I 
take this opportunity to congratulate you 
and your Institution on what seems to me a 
valuable contribution to comm\inity rela- 

6. Commendatory letters have been re- 
ceived from union officers and friends. 

On the many occasions when union offi- 
cers praised the exhibit, I always v/ished 
that all who participated in the prepara- 
tion of the exhibit could have been pres- 
ent to hear the genuine appreciation in 
person. Instead, I must resort to this 
written expression of gratitude on behalf 
of union officers and members and of my- 
self in particular for the gracious co- 
operation vire received from the Staff. 
The initiative for the exhibit came from 
Mr Thomas J, IiJanning, in charge of the 
Exhibits Office, In the arrangement of 
the exhibit, he vjas ably assisted by J4r 
Seorge Scully, his assistant. All the 
staff members of the Statistical Depart- 
ment were most helpful in assembling books 
and pamphlets for the exhibit. JiLss Edna 
G, Peck, Chief of Book Selection for Home 
Reading Services, arranged a book 
store for us to have nev; copies of books 
in colorful jackets. She also gave advice 
of the final draft of the booklist that 
accompanied the exhibit. During Mr Gallagf 
her's absence, Mr Edward Roche of the 
Printing Department vras most helpful in 
designing and printing' the booklist. 

Frequently, union officers asked me to 
extend their thanks to i/Iiss Elizabeth B, 
Boudreau for the outstnnding publicity she 
arranged for the exhibit, A month before 
the erfiibit opened, Miss Boudreau, Chief 
of the Information Office, offered her 
utmost cooperation. She assigned the lead 
article of the B.P.L. News to the exhibit 
and the Library's service to trade unions. 
In addition, she succeeded in obtaining a 
feature story in the Sunday Post Magazine 
and a full page in the rotogravure section 
of the Boston Simday Globe. With the 
opening of the exhibit. Miss Boudreau 
arranged for spot announcements on nine 

radio stations on the six and eleven 
o'clock news broadcasts. 

There is no doubt that the unions in and 
around Boston were gratified with the ex- 
hibit. An example of their appreciation 
is expressed in the following excerpt from 
a letter by Mr Julius Bernstein, Executive 
Secretary of the Boston Labor Committee to 
Combat Intolerance: "We are particularly 
thankful for the Library's display because 
although the colleges have installed 
courses pointing up the ideals and prin- 
ciples and motivations of organized labor, 
too little information has filtered through 
to the non-college commiinity. The library 
is an excellent double-edged instrument. 
It can point out to the community at large 
the story of labor and it can serve as the 
educational resource department for the 
labor movement," 

Helen F, Hirson 


Announcement was made recently by Ralph 
A, Deals, Director of the New York Public 
Library, that before the end of 1952 the 
8,000,000 cards in the Library's public 
catalog vri.ll be reproduced on microfilm. 
This project, v/hich will be completed at 
a cost of $25,000, will insure these 
records against all kinds of damage in- 
cluding storm, fire or enemy attack. In 
contrast to the space occupied by the 
present card catalog, the photographic 
copies, on 800 reels of l6 mm safety 
microfilm, vdll occupy only 2 cubic feet 
of space someivhere outside of the Library, 
Vihen the present task has been completed 
the microfilming of the 1^,500,000 cards 
in the Library's official catalog will 
get under way, 


Mr Robert F, Dixon, who completed fifty 
years of service in the Boston Public 
Library on October 7, 1951 • 



Dr Boas *^Sparks" Vermont Program 

As a main feature of the Thursday morn- 
ing session, under the auspices of the 
Vermont Library Association, Dr George 
Boas, Professor of the History of Philos- 
ophy, Johns Hopkins University, delivered 
a challenging lecture entitled, The Liv - 
ing Boo kt In it, this vivid speaker 
pointed out the great importance of desul- 
tory reading and the power of books in 
the human battle against ignorance and 

Following a brief introduction by Mr 
Leonard B» Archsr, Jr, Director of the 
Rutland Free Library, Dr Boas began by 
emphatically announcing that he had no 
intention of trying to tell librarians 
how to run their libraries or how to serve 
their public. However, (despite the re- 
cent conclusions of the Public Library 
Inquiry) Dr Boas went on record as a de- 
fender of pure pleasure as a good reason 
for reading. 

He declared that there are several en- 
emies of the reading habit who masquerade 
as friends. For example, the advocates 1 
of "the hundred best books," would force | 
a patented list of classics on all readers] 
despite the fact that much of the 7«risdcm | 
of Plato and Aristotle has since been I 
superseded. Insisting on "the latest" in i 
science or art, the anti-traditionalists, 
also, prevent much acquisition of knowl- | 
edge. To their infatuation v/ith the pre- i 
sent, Dr Boas replies that what is up-to- j 
date today is completely out-of-date to- I 
morrow in our rapidly changing world, j 
For the provincialism in culture resulting] 
from over-specialization in one field of 
human endeavor, he feels only contempt, 

I'Vhat of Elbert Hubbard's Little Journeys 
or Al Capp's Lil' Abner ? How much more of 
our culture and thinking has been molded 
by these than by T. 3. Eliot? Even though 
such works are not included in college 
courses, the social historian cannot ig- 
nore them. 

As Dr Boas says, "In every full course 
dinner, from soup to nuts, there is a 
certain amoimt of carbon in each dish." 
Random reading brings enco\mters with both 
the worthwhile and the worthless. But 
from such a desultory use of books, the 
thinking reader emerges with a great 
truth: he at least begins to realize how 
heterogeneous the human race really is. 
He learns that men have not only changed 
from time to time, but from place to place 

as well. He will see the fallacy of se- 
lecting one aspect of an age - such as 
"victorianism" in the nineteenth century - 
and making it represent that age as a 
whole. For people make an age, not vice 
versa;, and every era has as many facets as 
it has individuals. 

Since no two men are alike, it follows 
that educators must remember there are as 
many Hamlets as there are men v/ho read 
Shakespeare. The potency of life said to 
be contained in books comes alive only as 
these books are read. And each man changes 
for himself what he reads, giving it his 
own personal interpretation. 

For any government to be a democracy, it 
must fully recognize these differences 
among meno Such a government is necessar- 
ily, then, one of limited powers. As its 
people change and new movements appear, a 
democratic government, like that of Britain, 
Fu'ance., cr the United States, must make 
constitutional provision for these changes. 

Unfortunately, in Dr Boas' opinion, a 
new conformity is being forced against 
nature upon the American people with the 
anti-Communist investigations which he de- 
plores. Today, an American citizen can be 
"disgraced for upholding the very ideas 
for which our democracy exists." No ardent 
Communist would hesitate one instant before 
a loyalty oath, but any American who be- 
lieved in democracy would. Vlhat will be 
the result? If the exposition of Communist 
principles is confounded with the advocacy 
of them in a university classroom, there 
Td.ll soon be no one left to contra vert 
Communist propaganda with a study of the 
sources of that ideology. 

In a brilliant conclusion to his stim- 
ulating address, Dr Boas compared conver- 
sation to a duel in which the speaker is 
lucky if he touches his opponent at all. 
Books, more than individuals - or anything 
else - can quiet our fears and distill our 
ignorance. Librarians and educators alike 
must fight against the spies and scandal- 
mongers v;ho are seeking to destroy our 
freedoms , 



The Library's Responsibility in the 
Communication of Ideas : Demonstrations of 

the Use of Books and Films in Group Dis~ 
cussions, was in itself a challenging sub- 
ject. And the choice of Mrs Florence S, 


Craig, Director of Adult Education, Cuya- 
hoga County Public Library, Cleveland, j 
Ohio, was a most happy one. Mrs Craig is 
also Chairman of the ALA Adult Education i 
Board and a Specialist in Group DiscussionI 
Methods, Even the early morning hour - I 
8:30 - did not lessen her usual enthusias- 
tic approach to the problem at hand. She 
brought us a fresh viev^^point and many pro-j 
vocative ideas. 1 

At the first morning meeting, on October 
11, we became a program committee, plan:- j 
ning for a church group meeting. After 
previewing the film, Search for Happiness 
we divided into small "buzz" groups to 
prepare the program. Some members planned 
the introduction to the film and the open-j 
ing question, some the meeting procedure, 
and still others the concluding statement. 
Then without more ado we became the church 
group and the program preceded as planned 
in the buzz session, with Mrs Craig as the 
leader. The spirited discussion #iich 
followed was halted only by the clock. It 
was a notable and exceedingly practical 
hour and a half. 

On the following morning as members of a 
women's club, we listened to Mrs Craig 
review for us, Svreeper in the Sky — The 
Life of Maria Mitchell, First YiToman 
Astronomer in America , and then came the 
questions for discussion. Here again mem- 
bers of the women's club certainly were 
not allowed to listen passively and then 
to go home without even knowing the title 
of the book, as sometimes happens in act- 
ual experience. 

The third morning we vrere ourselves, 
that is librarians, faced ■'/vith the chal- 
lenge of inducing members of our public 
to read all sides of a question, Mrs 
Craig first pointed out the many obstacles 
individuals must face in trying to find an 
answer to a current problem. She graphi- 
cally illustrated her talk by showing us 
headlines on the same subject from differ- 
ent newspapers. She pointed out that even 
columnists have copy changed if their re- 
marks are contrary to the paper's policy. 
She told amusing stories of news events 
inaccurately reported by well-meaning re- 
porters. In the buzz session which fol- 
lowed, Y/e then discussed what we, as li- 
brarians, could do about it, 



The Staff Organizations Round Table of 
the ALA, popularly known as SORT, held its 
program Thursday morning, October 11, Mr 
Magnus K, Kristoffersen, Librarian of the 
Hartford Public Library and Mr Bradford M, 
Hill of the Bos ton Public Library vrere the 
speakers, Ifr Hill, who is editor of the 
SORT Bulletin and a past president of the 
BPLPSA, was chairman of the meeting, 

^Hr Kristoffersen spoke on the value of a 
staff association to the librarian and the 
library. He cited several functions that 
staff associations could perform. A staff 
association provides for an exchange of 
ideas between staff members, can promote 
library publicity, serve as intermediary 
between the librarian and the more timid 
personnel, help provide funds for upkeep 
of staff quarters, and work for group 
hospitalization, insurance, credit unions, 
and loan funds. The Hartford Librarian 
then discussed some of the disadvantages of 
a staff association from the adainistratorb 
point of view, such as limitation of ad- 
ministrative sovereignty, time consumed by 
correspondence between the administrator 
and the association in matters where a 
smft decision is necessary or preferred, 
the possibility of agitators using the 
association as a forxim for their harangues, 
Ivfr Kristoffersen told the audience about 
the accomplishments of his library's staff 
organization, such as v/orking for and ob- 
taining longer vacation periods and a five 
day work v/eek, 

Mr Hill traced the history of SORT from 
its inception in 1937, and gave the four 
purposes for its existence, i.e., to en- 
courage the founding of staff associations, 
to act as a clearing house of information 
among the associations, to cooperate with 
them in their plans and programs, and to 
cooperate v/ith those ALA boards concerned 
with personnel matters, Jir Hill spoke of 
the four svirveys conducted by SORT on the 
five day weekp the in-service training pro- 
gram, cooperative administrative activity, 
and retirement and insurance programs. 
The results of these surveys may be ob- 
tained from Mrs Frances A, Griffin of the 
Buffalo Public Library. Mention was made 
of the SORT Bulletin v/hich appears three 
or four times annually and contains sum- 
maries of papers read at conventions, sur- 
veys, and news from members, 

A question period followed and the num:- 
ber and type of questions asked indicated 
the keen interest of the audience in 

matters pertaining to staff associations. 
During the question period, Mr Lord ex- 
pressed his pleasure and satisfaction with 
the Boston Public Library Professional 
Staff Association. He feels that the ac- 
tivities and our opinions expressed in THE 
QUESTION IIARK columns have shovm the matuT' 
ity of our Association, 

At luncheon, Mr Kristoffersen was a 
guest of the B.P.L.P.S.A., which was rep- 
resented by Mr Hill, Mrs Elizabeth L. 
Wright, Jfrs Geraldine S, Herrick, and Mr 
Paul V, Moynihan, 



Miss Catharine M, Yerxa, President of 
IjILA and Librarian, Watertovm Public Li- 
brary, presiding at the Jfessachusetts Pro- 
gram, on Friday, October 12, had the 
pleasure of introducing Mr David H, Clift, 
the newly appointed Secretary of ALA. The 
evident sincerity of his brief message 
assured us of his ability and desire to be 
of practical service on the Board. 

Miss Helen A, Ridgway, Chief, Bureau of 
Libraries, Connecticut State Department of 
Education, formerly Chief Public Library 
Specialist of ALA, introduced the next 
four speakers who presented and discussed 
vrith penetrating keenness their ideas on 
"Arming the Mind and Spirit of the Ameri- 
can People'.'. 

Professor Allan B. Overstreet expressed 
strong concern over the world role of 
America, the problems being faced today, 
and how America is responding. He be- 
lieves that the major problem is not the 
actual threat of physical violence, but 
rather, psychic violence, what is being 
done to thinking man. We live under 
threat of a garrison police state. There 
is a break-down of the requisites of happy 
personal life. On every hand there is an 
undermining of critical judgment. Every- 
where are the three problems of complexity^ 
tension and conformity. Professor Tver- 
Street emphasized the need for devoting 
every possible effort to the clarification 
of our national thinking. We are dealing 
with ideas, and these must be the best 

Mrs Florence S. Craig, Director, Adult 
Education, Cuyahoga County Library, Parker 
Wheatley, Director, Lovrell Institute Coop- 
erative Broadcasting Council, and Arthur 
T, Hamlin, Executive Secretary, Associa- 

tion of College and Reference Libraries, 
continued with able and potent discussion 
from their particular view points. The 
session closed on the thought that librar- 
ians must be "prepared to pull their own 
weight" in tackling these problems of 
America togethero 



In the Yale University Library today 
there is a large collection of original 
letters, journals, and miscellaneous papers 
written by James Boswell, The story of the 
Boswell papers is one of the most interest- 
ing and fancinating in recent English Lit- 

I^ Herman W, Liebert, of the Editorial 
Committee of the Yale Edition of the Pri- 
vate Papers of James Bosvrell, who told the 
story at the Saturday morning meeting of 
the New England Libraries on October 13* 
used theviTord "exciting" constantly and he 
certainly passed the excitement along to 
his listeners, 

James Boswell was of Scotch ancestry and 
of good familyo He was a lawyer of repute, 
and held judicial positions in Scotland. 
His visits to England, which he recounts 
in the London Journal , with humor and 
frankness, were usually on vacations or 
outside of business sessions. That he was 
a man of some substance o nd culture is wit- 
nessed by his correspondence with all of 
the notable men of his time including 
Voltaire, Rousseau and Sir Joshua Reynolds, 

After Boswell 's death in 1795, his jour- 
nals and papers disappeared. Some years 
later, a letter was foxind which had been 
used as vo-apping paper for a grocery pack- 
age in a small store in Paris. Other 
papers were found in the same shop. But 
the vast bulk of the collection was sub- 
sequently located in a castle near Dublin, 
and more vrere found in old t ranks and 
store houses. How these letters were pur- 
chased and finally housed in the Yale Li- 
brary is tJTuly an "exciting" tale. 

One collection has already been publish- 
ed, the London Joxirnal , Its frankness has 
been subjected to much criticism, but it 
serves, Mr Liebert explained, as an excel- 
lent picture of London in the seventeenth 

Thus after a lapse of 1^0 years, James 
Boswell has come into his own, and may 
claim a place to fame in his ■OTm right. 




On Saturday afternoon, October 13, 
Reverend John A. Broderick, Chairman, 
opened the meeting of the N.E. Unit of the 
Catholic Library Association by presenting 
the retiring Chairman, Ibc John M, O'Lough- 
lin, with a scroll as a testamonial of the 
affection and esteem of the members of the 
Unit. Mr O'Loughlin, Librarian of Boston 
College, has recently been elected Presi- 
dent of the Catholic Library Association, 
and as such has had many additional duties 
placed upon him. 

Miss Mary Alice Rea, Program Chairman, 
introduced Miss Ikrgaret O'Connor of the 
Worcester Free Public Library, who chose 
as the title of her talk, "The Breath 6f 
God." The breath of God is the vital fac- 
tor implanted in the child at birth. Books 
and reading may roarr or enliven this fac- 
tor and Miss O'Connor listed books that 
all children should and do love. 

Miss Dorothy Becker, assisted by Miss 
Marie Kennedy, Miss Jeannette Pepin, and 
Miss Gracemarie Alfe, all members of the 
Boston Public Library staff, demonstrated 
book characters with marionettes, and the 
audience laughed at the antics of the 
Three Bears and Goldilocks , Rumpels tilt - 
skin , and Beauty and the Beast . 

Mr Daniel Sargent needed no introduction 
to the audience. He is well known^ par- 
ticularly to Catholic readers, for his 
many books and poems. He asked in the 
title of his talk, llfhat is a democratic 
poem ? In testing poems for democracy, he 
quoted Walt IWiitman, Homer, the Song of 
Roland, and Robert Frost. Poetry, whether 
of kings or shepherds, he declared, is 
enjoyed by all. Being of kings and shep- 
herds it cannot be identified with any 
particular class of people, and thus 
poetry alone, cannot be either democratic 
or undemocratic. 

The Chairman concluded the meeting by 
announcing the dates of Catholic Book Week, 
February 10 - l6, 19^2. 



The Round Table of Children's Librarians 
at their annual fall meeting at Swampscott 
on Saturday, October 13, presented Mr L» 

Felix Ranlett as fourth CAROLINE M. HEWINS 
Lecturer. Mr Ranlett, Librarian of the 
Pangor Public Library, was formerly Chief 
of our own Book Selection Department. He 
had as his subject The Youth's Companion 
as Recalled by a Staff Member . 

lUr Frederic G. Melcher, founder of the 
lectureship and honorary chairman for the 
meeting, briefly prefaced Mr Ranlett 's ■ 
reminiscences with his own inimitably glee- 
ful recollections of boyhood experiences 
with the Youth's Companion . 

Mr Ranlett 's memories of his years with 
the Youth's Companion before World Vfar I, 
and again after his return, provided a 
warm-hearted and intimate account. Des- 
cribing his work in the editorial's li- 
brary and his later duties as an assistant 
editor and editorial reader, he discussed 
the Miscellany Department, for which he 
made selections from English and German 
periodicals, and the Boys' Department page 
for which he wrote practical articles on 
what to do and how to do it. The former 
department, he told his audience, existed 
during the paper's entire 102 years' his- 
tory, from 1827 to 1929. 

Glimpses of many well-known editors and 
contributors were delightfully given. 
Among them were Charles M, Thompson, Ira 
Rich Kent, John Clair Minot, Charles 
Boardman Hawes (Newbery Medal winner), and 
the prolific Charles Asbury Stephens, a 
lifetime contributor who, he said, was 
pointed out to visitors with reverent 
whispers, Gluyas ViFilliams was a staff 
artist, as were Walt Harris and the famous 
cowboy Will James. 

An important institution of the Youth ' s 
Companion , Mr Ranlett entertainingly 
pointed out, was the thirty-to-fifty page 
premium list, printed annually in October. 
This carried lush descriptions of prizes 
to be earned by young readers who exerted 
themselves to get new subscriptions. 
(Such an effort Mr Melcher himself recall- 
ed making.) At the periodical's head«- 
quarters, this collection of seemingly 
perfect items was the big attraction for 

iJir Ranlett gave in conclusion his answer 
to the question "liJhy did the Youth's Com - 
panion die?" This he feels was due to 
business difficulties, not to a decline in 
reading matter. There was a lack of suf- 
ficient advertising (taboos against many 
things that fill our advertising pages was 
a great factor), but there vras not a lack 
of subscribers. 

Miss Pauline Wlnnick, Chairman of the 

Round Table of Children's Librarians, 
announced that both this lecture and last 
year's paper on Caroline M, Hevdns, given 
by Miss Jennie Lindquist, Editor of the 
Horn Book Magazine , vri.ll be printed in 
digest form in forthcoming issues of the 
Horn Book . She also announced that next 
year's lecture vri-ll be presented by Iilrs 
Elinor ViThitney Field, on the subject of 
her grandmother, lirs A, D, T. Vfhitney. 
The latter 's YiTiting included many popular 
books for girls, Faith Gartney's Girlhood , 
etc., brought out during the last half of 
the nineteenth century, Mrs Field is 
author of Tod of the Fens and other stor- 
ies for children. 



Announcement was made at the recent corb- 
ference of the New England Library Asso- 
ciation at Swarapscott of the following 
slate of officers : 

President , Louise B. Day, Chief Librarian, 
Lynn Public Library, Lynn, Massachusetts 

Vice ^President . Frederick G, Kilgour, Li- 
brarian, Yale Medical School, Connecti- 

Treasurer, David A. Jonah, Librarian, 
Brov/n University, Rhode Island. 

Secretary 3 Lucille Chandonnet, City Li- 
brary, Manchester, New Hampshire. 

Director , Dr Sidney Butler Smith, Director 
of Libraries, University of Vermont. 

Director, Edward C. Heintz, Assistant Li- 
brarian, Bowdoin College, Maine, 

Paat President (ex-officio ). Ransom Le 
Richardson, i-ibrarian, Curtis Memorial 
Library, Meriden, Connecticut. 


Bookmarks have been prepared by the 
Boston Public Library in connection with 
the William Snyder production of The Em - 
peror 's Nightingale by Hans Christian 
Andersen, which has it's New England Pre- 
miere at the Exeter Street Theatre on Oc- 
tohsr 21. 

Jiri Trnka (pronounced Jerry Trinka) was 
attracted to the fairy tale during the 
Nazi occupation of Czechoslovakia, since 

Andersen's bird could not sing in the bond- 
age of a cage. Then followed two years of 
painstaking effort in a 300 year old build- 
ing in Prague, where Trnka v/rote the script, 
made the sets and costumes with his assist- 
antsj and photographed the entire film with 
one camera. 

Originally produced as a color pantomime 
with an accompanying musical score, the 
American version has a narrative viritten 
by Phyllis !;IcGinley, author of poems and 
children's stories, and is narrated by 
Boris Karloff. 

The result is a delightful picture of 
charm and authenticity. Personally speak- 
ing, the members of the Boston Public Li- 
brary's film preview committee, some of the 
children's librarians, Loiss Gordon and I, 
who attended the preview, are looking for- 
ward to the day when this will be sold in 
l6 mm» The ALA has issued the following 
statement; "The world of people and the 
vrorld of puppets are related v/ith ingenuity 
and charm in this beautiful extension in 
color of the Hans Christian Andersen fairy 

Elizabeth B. Boudreau 



Lancour, Harold. Training for librarian - 
ship in North America in The Library 
Association Record, Vol. 53, No. 9j Sep- 
tember 1951, p. 280-281;, 

In this article for our English cousins, 
Dr Lancour of the Library School of the 
University of Illinois has -written a 
straightforward, concise, informative arti- 
cle on the past, present and projected 
goals of library training in North America 
that makes pleasant, profitable reading. 
Devoid of the artificial jargon and verbos- 
ity that too often befuddles writings on 
the topic, this article discloses an 
evolving pattern and a philosophy over the 
years of professionalism within library 
work. The answers to hypothetical ques- 
tions that conclude the article, touching 
on recruiting, "sub" professionalism, etcaj 
are interesting footnotes to the ideas in 
the body of the article, 

Maizell, Robert E, The subject-departmen -* 
talized public library in College and Re- 
search Libraries, Vol, XII, No. 3 J July 
1951, p. 255-260, 


The article briefly sketches the histor- 
ical developments of departmentalization 
within libraries, pointing out examples of 
libraries that represent the four types 
the author has identified. The Boston 
Public Library is described as at a second 
step toward complete departmentalization - 
"Libraries with several subject depart- 
ments and the distinction between circu- 
lating and reference materials less clear 
than in the first type mentioned (a func- 
tional typo of organization)." The author 
lists 12 problems most commonly met in 
subject departments. They do not seem to 
have their origins in subject departmen- 
talization by any means. He assembles l6 
other principles now in actual operation 
or which have been suggested as of possi- 
ble use to improve on such short comings. 
Again, these principles could be applied 
basically to some purpose in almost any 
library situation - large public, branch, 
or special, 

American Library Directory . 19th edition© 
New York, Bowker, 195l» 

While a directory may not constitute 
conventional reading, it would be quite 
understantable if pages 2Ul to 2[iU were 
read with satisfaction by all members of 
the staff. The holdings of the Boston 
Public Library are set forth in greater 
detail than in previous editions and there 
can be expected perhaps a more vigorous 
use of the library's collections because 
of this wider diffusion of word of its 
specialties. An additional feature also 
in this edition of the directory is the 
inclusion of all branch libraries of a 
library system, their mailing address, 
holdings, and branch librarian. The entry 
for each state is preceded by statistics 
on state aid, regional libraries in the 
state, population without public library 
service, etcc Massachusetts reports hold- 
ings of 2»5 volumes per capita, a circu- 
lation of five books per capita and ex- 
penditures of s$1.73 per capita, U96 
people out of a population of 1^,663,788 in 
Massachusetts are reported without library 
service. State aid is reported as "None", 
a statement that may give rise to some 
questions. There are the ever-useful list 
of library extension agencies, clubs, 
schools, periodicals as well as a subject 
index to special collections and an index 
to memorial libraries and collections con- 
nected Tivith colleges and universities and 
larger public libraries. 

Jamieson, John. Books for the army, The 
Army Library Service in the Second World 
War . New York, Columbia Press, 1950. 

This book is more than a history of a 
library service put together to service all 
theaters of the vrar. It touches on the 
publishing history made by the Armed Ser- 
vices Editions, Censorship, the Soldier 
Voting Law, Victory Book Campaign, etc, 
A solid book that reads well and carries a 
great deal of information applicable to 
non-service connected activities. 

Bibliographic Organization aPapers present- 
ed before the Fifteenth Annual Conference 
of the Graduate Library School, July 2U-2^ 
1950<> Edited by Jesse H, Shera and 
Margaret E, Ega. Chicago, University of 
Chicago Press, 195lo 

The preface of this book opens with the 
lines: "The acceleration of publication 
in all areas of activity has made it in- 
creasingly difficult for the librarian to 
meet the bibliographic needs of scholar, 
technician, and general public," The ■ 
papers- presented disouss the problem from 
the functional approach, the subject 
approach, and the management approach. 
Solid reading, Tdth some humor, but all 
pertinent in this day of out-pourings from 
so many presses. 





Aldridge, John W, 

After the lost generation. 
New York, McGraw-Hill, 19^1 

Atkinson, Justin 3, 
Once around the sun. 
New York, Harcourt, Brace, 19^1 

Booth, John N, 

Fabulous destinations. 
New York, Macraillan, 19^0 

Dodge, David 

20,000 leagues behind the 8 ball. 
New York, Random House, 1951 

Freeman, Lucy 

Fight against fears. 

New York, Crown Publishers, 1951 


Henderson, J. Y, 
Circus doctor, 
Boston, Little, BroTm, 19^1 

Michener, James A, 
Return to paradise. 
New York, Random House, 1951 

Partridge, Bellamy 
Salad days. 
New York, Crowell, 19^1 

Salomon, Irving 

Retire and be happy. 

New York, Greenbcrg, 19^1 

Sheen, Fulton J, 

Three to get married. 

NeiT York, Apple ton-Century-Crofts, 1951 j 


Babson Naomi L, 
I am Lidian. 
New York, Harcourt, Brace, 1951 

Davis, Burke 

The ragged ones. 

New York, Rinehart, 1951 

Feuchtwanger, Lion 
This is the hour. 
New York, Viking Press, 1951 

Jackson, Shirley 
New York, Farrar, Straus and Young, 1951 

Macken, Walter 
Rain on the wind. 
New York, Macmillan, 1951 

Jjfeson, Van Wyck 
Proud new flags. 
Philadelphia, Lippincott, 1951 

Miller, Davis M, 

The chain and the link, 

Cleveland, World Publishing Co,, 1951 

Nathan, Robert 
The innocent Eve, 
New York, Knopf, 1951 

C Flaherty, Liam 
Boston, Little, Brown, 195l 

Spellman, Francis Joseph, Cardinal 
The foundling. 
New York, Scribnor, 1951 

Sumner, Cid R. 
Sudden glory, 
Indianapolis, Bobbs -Merrill, 1951 

Walker, Mildred 

The southwest corner. 

New York, Harcourt, Brace, 1951 

Office of Chief Librarian Division of 

Reference and Research Services 

Bouquet to the Ba P» L . 

The f ollomng tribute to the Library, 
iThich was thought to be of general interest 
to the staff, is an excerpt from a letter 
sent to Mr Richard G, Hensley from a visit- 
ing patron, Mr Nigel Hill Herrick of Urbana, 

...I have used, in person, many of the 
great libraries in this country and have 
always met vdth kindness, yet the Boston 
Public is somehow superlative in its func- 
tions. Even the little court with the 
fountain and greenery where you can rest 
your eyes a little while v;hen they are 
tired from reading is unexpected and typi- 
cal and important. I have found in the 
7;hole place a spirit of helpfullness 'over 
and above the call of duty' .,. If I were 
a librarian I would certainly hope to work 
in a place like the Boston Public and to 
do as good a job as you ,,• 

Periodical Department 

Periodically Speaking 
For "what to do" on that lunch hour 
break, "vrould be" inventors from Science 
and Tech, or artists from Fine Arts, might 
be interested in replicas and work- 
ing models of inventions copied from orig- 
inal drawings of Leonardo da Vinci, now on 
display at the International Business 
Machines office in Copley Square, Exhibits 
include "previews" of the helicopter, 
double hull of a ship, an automobile jaek, 
aerial bombs, scaling ladder and other 
equally intriguing items. An illustrated 
brochure is given to each visitor which 
serves as a tribute to all inventors by 

placing before him "a worthy example of a 
man exercising to the fullest extent his 
capacities to think, feel and create in 
serviv;e of his fellow men," 




The following letter vras sent with 
flowers to the library staff from the 
faculty of the Memorial High School for 

TODAY IS A SPECIAL DAYl We Memorialites 
all feel jubilant because today , SEPTEM- 
BER 27th, we celebrate the coming of the 
BRARY into our school building. 

It is quite fitting that vie rejoice - on 
this 25th anniversary of that eventful day 
- at this excellent addition to our halls 
of learning. For, in l85iij the first li- 
brary in the City of Boston was opened in 
a Boston Public School on liason Street. 
This building on Mason Street was later 
used as headquarters of the Boston School 

Our efficient librarians, under the able 
direction of Miss Margaret McGovem, are 
vdlling at all times to help us in our 
search for knovirledge, TJhen we need books 
for class assignments, or for pleasure 
reading we have only to ask courteously 
for help in our Memorial Branch of the Li- 
brary and that assistance comes to us from 
every member of the library staff. 

Today, the MEMORIAL BRANCH is celebrat- 
ing the 25th birth dajT of the inauguration 
of the library in our school building. We 
hope that all v\rho visit the library today 
will congratulate the friendly librarians 
on this - the 25th anniversary of the 
birth of Memorial Brancho And from today 
on, may we always show in our courteous 
dealings with the librarians that we ap- 
preciate their gracious help, so cheerful- 
ly given, to enrich our lives. 

Every school should be to those v;ho 
dwell in it a place v/here the heart is 
comforted as well as where the mind is 
benefited. Our librarians have done much 
to add light and warmth to the lives of 
all the dwellers in otrr schools 



Phillip s Brooks 

Book V.'eek will begin early in Readville 
when on Thursday evening, November 8, at 
7:30, Miss Anna Bird Stewart, author of 
stories and biographies for yovmg people, 
will speak to an audience of young people 
and especially interested adults. Mss 
Stewart's new biography. Enter David . 
Garrick , has just been published. It fol- 
lows her widely read Yoii ns: Miss Burney , 
which \Tas this year placed in the Festival 
of Britain Exhibit in Lichfield Cathedral, 

Members of the staff who are interested 
in this eighteenth century research and in 
young people's reading are most cordially 
invited to attend this program* 

Uphams Corner 

At a Branch located in a Municipal Build- 

A young lady who appeared at the 
Registration Desk saying that she mshed 
to "register" gave a full application, and 
her references were duly checked by the 
Directory. When she was told that her card 
would probably be ready for her the follow- 
ing afternoon, she replied, "Oh, I wanted 
to register for voting." 


i^est End 

West End children were given two special 
"treats" during the month of September. On 
September 11, a small group of children was 
taken on a trip to Jordan's to see the var- 
ious exhibits of the British Fortnight. 
The doll exhibit, the movies, and the in- 
dustries exhibits, all proved interesting 
and instructive, Hovrever, the most in- 
triguing attractions were the English 
"Bobliies", the "Beef -eaters", and the 
Scotch Bag-pipers in their traditional and 
colorful kilts. All three groups vrere un- 
usually kind and cooperative in talking to 
the children^ explaining their uniforms and 
answering their questions ^ The morning 
ended pleasantly with refreshments and a 
walk back through the Common to the library. 

The second "treat" was the Summer Read- 
ing Club Party, v^hich ¥/as held on Septem- 
ber 15j One of the features of this party 
was a play, "The Lavirrence Boy", an adap- 
tion of a scene from "Little Women", This 
".vas produced and acted by four West End 
girls and it vras a commendable performance. 
The presentation of certificates and 
special avirards came next|, and finally re- 

freshments, ice cream and cookies, were 
served. { 

From the Mouths of Babes ... One of the | 
members of the West End Branch Suiimer i 
Reading Club is a little eight year old 
girl who joined it a month after its in- 
ception* In spite of this disadvantage 
she finished the season at the head of the 
list, having read fifty-four books. ViQien 
asked how she managed to read that many 
books in so short a time, this was her 
ans\Ter: "I am really very busy with loads 
of other things, but I have found out that 
if you truly want to do something, you 
Ydll find the time to do it in." 

Plans are now taking shape for the ob- 
servance of Jewish Book Month, which will 
take place November 23 - December 23, 
under the joint sponsorship of the Boston 
Public Library, the Bureau of Jewish Edu- 
cation, and the Jewish Centers Association. 
Speaker's programs and exhibits are being 
arranged. Libraries interested in taking 
part in this year's activities are invited 
to communicate with Miss Fanny Goldstein, 
Librarian, West End Branch, who is Secre- 
tary of the Jewish Book Month Committee in 
Boston and Honorary Chairman of the Jevash 
Book Council of America, 

The West End picture collection always 
extensive and alert has been still further 
reorganized during the Summer to meet the 
challenge of the ever changing world scene,, 
Out-dated units have been discarded. Some 
old ones have been augmented, and many new 
ones have been created. The picture col- 
lection in general and in special units is 
available to Branch Libraries for exhibit 
purposes. The half-a-dozen Branches who 
have already borrowed these exhibits have 
reported them a most successful experiment 
and it is hoped that other Branches will 
also taike further advantage of them. 



Any contribution to the Soap Box must be 
accompanied by the full name of the Asso- 
ciation member submitting it, together 
with the name of the Branch Libraiy, 
Department, or Office in which he or she 
is employed. The name is withheld from 
publication, or a pen name used, if the 
contributor so requests. Anonymous con- 
tributions are not given consideration. 

The author of the article is known only 
to the contributor and to the Editor-in- 
Chief, The contents of articles appear- 
ing in the Soap Box are personal opinions 
expressed by individual Association mem- 
bers and their appearance does not neces- 
sarily indicate that the Publications Com- 
mittee and the Association are in agreement 
with the views expressed, 

To the Editor: 

Many staff members vrere sur- 
prised to learn, through recent letters in 
the Soap Bo>^ of the double standard for 
salaries in the sub-professional service. 
To my knowledge, no official explanation 
has been made for this unhealthy situation, 
but, if money was appropriated by the city 
to provide a flat increase for all em- 
ployees, then the entering salary for all 
grades should have been increased. Surely 
the cost of living has risen just as high 
for the sub-professional as for the pro- 
fessional. Could the Professional Staff 
Association initiate some action with a 
vievf tovrard correcting this inequality? 

To the Editor: 

In the Editor's Corner of 
the Question Mark for September, in a plea 
for correct and sympathetic interpretation 
to the public of certain policies of the 
library, we read .., "should not all of us 
who have direct contact with the public 
ask ourselves whether or not we clearly 
understand the reason behind such actions 
••," Does this recognize the fact that in 
many instances the staff cannot understand 
because the staff receives no official ex- 
planation, or even notice of, "such actions'! 
Certainly we could do a better job in pub- 
lic relations if we had the advantage of 
an explanation, from an official source, 
in advance of "such actions". 

In the dark 

To the Editor: 

A Patron's Lament! 

I came to the Boston Public Library, 
standing majestically in Copley Square, 

There I found books, and books, and books! 
some old, some new, some rare, 

I sat in the subdued light feasting ray 
hungry mind 


As I read +he works of Aristotle, Eunipi- 
' des and l^ind. 
Such an array of learning v;ithin so small 

a space 
Seemed to be an unadulterated asset to the 

human race. 

This morning as I drank my coffee and 

read the local nevis 
I came across an item that tends to change 

my views » 
"There mil be smoking at the library," in 

bold, black type. 
To ray biased eyes, those words were an 

awful sight. 
"Smoking" and "polite conversation vidll be 

Easy chairs will be provided to which all 

will be admitted. 
"Comfort will be the main theme," alas, 

alack, by hooks 
I, in my innocence, thought the main 

"theme" of a library was books . 

Creature comforts - smoking, talk and 

maybe drink - have won the day 
Now it is a "club" - or so the papers say. 
No more need I come to the B.P.L. to feast 

my hungry soul 
I just will pass it by as I go out for a 

After all, I have a smpke, a drink, a 

chair at home. 
■"JVhy need I roam? 
Just to get smoke in my eyes and sit on a 

bit o' foaml 

To the Soap-box Editor: 

Apropos of the startling news in the 
Boston Post of October 11, 1901 which 
stated that "Plans for developing and 
expanding the Boston Public Library into 
the most modern public library in the 
world T<-here smoking and chatting will be 
permitted, and where stiff -backed chairs 
will be discarded", I should like to 
point out that no mention of books was 
made in this Utopian plan for a •'library 
which will be conducted like that of a 
private club or home," From experience of 
working with the public, and after all ex- 
perience is the best teacher, Vifhat the 
public really desires is a library with an 
ample supply of good reading. The major- 
ity of individuals do not wish for smoking, 
and they dislike chattering when they are 
browsing or reading* 

A Realist 

To the Soap Box Editor: 

Some of us who have cast longing eyes 
at the new quarters of the Open Shelf De- 
partment read with mixed feelings the re- 
cent announcement in a local newspaper of 
the projected innovations presumably in 
that Department when it opens. In the 
'taised eyebrows" department v;as the 
annoxmcement that it would be conducted 
like a "club" where smoking and "polite 
conversation" would be permitted. Experi- 
ence having revealed to us some of the more 
lawless tendencies of certain members of 
the public, expressed in mutilation of 
books and equipment, causes us to wonder 
how soon before those pastel chairs and 
fragile tables will reveal the impressions 
of burning cigarettes and other disfigure* 
ments. Knowing our own proclivities we 
have visions of lighted cigarettes (or cig- 
ars) laid carelessly on a shelf -while an 
absorbed borrower excitedly turns the pages 
of a "who done it" to see who "done in" 
whom, and lo - in the twinkling of an eye, 
borrower and "who done it" disappearing in 
a cloud of smoke, as a shelf of those 
handsome, plastic bound ( inf lamable ? ) books 
ignite in a merry blaze. No doubt this has 
been anticipated and attendants will be 
hovering aboutarraed vdLth fire extinguishers, 
first aid equipment and silent butlers. 
Vfe hope too they will be prepared to cope 
with the minority - but oh how articular© I 
non-smokers who "can't bear" cigarette and 
cigar smoke. As for "polite conversation" 
vdll that exclude irascible comment from 
members of the public vj-ho have been known 
to "shush" not only voluble patrons but 
even staff members whose necessary conver- 
sation has disturbed their musings on the 
abstractions of Aquinas or the loves of 

Conducting a library like a "club" in a 
suburban community, with a more or less 
homogeneous public is one thing but to 
attempt it in the heart of a great city in 
a neighborhood frequented by eccentrics, 
inebriates (and worse) on the very fringes 
of "skid row" is courageous indeed. When 
the millenium comes and Open Shelf Depart- 
ment does move perhaps those of us in our 
more austere, smoke free, tranquil quarters^ 
where "the book is the thing" won't be so 
envious after all. 

Could be wrong 


To the Soap-Box: changed,' and expect everything else to 

j have developed the same vvay. Anyvray - 
Is ALL of the red-tape involved in | the fall has come, the days are getting 
inter-departmental records really neces- | shorter, and- the week needs at least a 
sary? Does anything sound sillier than a couple of days more. To the information 
Division Head notifying an employee, over | of those who knew about my plans: I di(?in't 
his signature, that "certification has beeri get the U.S. Information Library-job. My 
granted for certain examinations, giving | changes seemed to be quite good for a long 
complete details as to date, examinations,! time, so I hesitated taking anything else 
rate of pay, etc... with doubtless many i before I knew how things v/ould turn out. 
carbons to the supervisor,' department head Ibc Eide, The U.So Pu'blic Officer, is still 
etc.. .and then requesting that the depart-J looking for rooms for the library. The 
ment head send back a servipe change sheet! I*ublic Library here didn't have any jobs 
containing the exact infonnation which was at the moment.- Four days of filling-in at 
sent from that office to him? A depart- ! the Open Shelf is all I got there. To-day 
ment which serves the public ghould be peij-they are advertising 2 assistant jobs, and 
mitted to serve the public, ■..Closed depar«|rl intend to apply for them, although I 
ments which service those departments I already am working now. The University 
should devote their time to servicing theiil Library of Bergen couldn't take in anybody 

in the public interest. If it is neces- 
sary to maintain so many nearly identical 
records in files in the offices, cannot 
the records be typed in the offices by 
trained secretaries, for signature by the 
departmental heads if the signature is 
strictly necessary? Then titular assist- 
ants might have time for more important 
items of work J Many of us get almost no 
time for the work in which we are trained 
because red tape has eaten so far into our 

One who is NOT a secretary 



Bergen, Oct, 9, 1951 

Dear 411 of youj 

Thank you for cards and letters both 
on the boat and later on. I certainly 
enjoyed reading and showing the Question 
!Iark you sent me, to my family and the 
staff at the Public Library of Bergen. I 
had the most wonderful trip going home - 
the Atlantic shoYxed itself from its most 
friendly side, so we could do nothing but 
enjoy it. Although I am happy to be with 
family again, it has taken me some time to 
settle down again. Bergen is as beautiful talk about American children and young 

as we, her citizens, always claim her to 
be, and I didn't realize how much I have 
missed the hills surrounding Bergen, pro- 
tecting us in a way. Yes - everything 
seems to be exactly the way it used to be- 
and that is just the point 1 Apparently 
nothing has changed. But virhen you are 
away you feel that you, yoiirself , have 

except as apprentices vdth 206kroner a 
month. To work in a University Library 
would be quite a nevi experience to me, and 
as long as I am just viraiting to get into 
the library school next fall, I might as 
well learn as much as possible in the mean- 
time. The University of Bergen is only 3 
years old, and has just got new buildings 
on one of the best sites of the city. The 
library, though, is the old Museum Library, 
and is still located in the Museum Build- 
ing, We have just opened a new reading 
room quite a bit larger than the old one. 
The result is that we all have been work- 
ing hard in order to get everything ready. 
Especially the recataloging has been a lot 
of vfork. - And cataloging is what I am 
still doing - something I have nothing 
againsti The people at the library are 
very nice, mostly young people, so I feel 
quite at home after one month only. Still 
I haven't lost contact vdth Bergens Offent- 
lige bibliotek. Jlr's Rieber-Hohn, the vice- 
librarian, is looking over some of the 
B.P.L. publications I got with me, and 
from time to time I remember more and more 
things to tell when I am up visiting them. 
Miss Ellingsen, the childrens librarian, 
got the juvenile books I'liss Gordon sent 
with me, after I had read them all, I 
kept Tidevratertales though, for my own 
pleasure. Miss Ellingsen v/as very pleased, 
as I know she has told you, I am going to 

people to six and eight-graders on Oct,l8» 
It is arranged by the Childrens Department 
in our public library. Talks are given 
every Thursday, usually accompanied with 
films or slides. The U.S. Information 
Office is trying to get a suitable film for 
my talk. They virill also have a projector 
for us to use. So I am quite anxious to 


see how it is going to turn out. Beside 
doing cataloging I have joined a vrorkshop- 
group for modern Norwegian literature, and 
my mother & I are enjoying a course in The 
understanding of music. One of the signi- 
ficanceses of fall is the stream of books 
the publishing houses are sending out on 
the market. A lot of thorn are Norviegian, 
but we also get quite a fev; translations* 
I recognize many of those I looked through 
or read while in Boston, More and more 
people seem to think they are \'7riters. 
Reading the bookre views in the papers is 
getting to be quite a job now, I don't 
dare to think of v*iat might happen if all 
these books were v/orth while, -We wouldn't 
get time to live. The leaves are turning 
yellow and red, and I am thinking of the 
New England autumn which made such an im- 
pression on me. About a month ago, we had 
the Ingersoll's here, Fern Ingersoll from 
the B.P.L. and her husband who graduated 
from Harvard this year. They came from 
England where they have been travelling 
around for a month or so, stayed here five 
days and then went on to Oslo by motor- 
cycle. They had bad luck with the weather 
but I think they saw most of Bergen all 
the same, and we all enjoyed so much hav- 
ing them, I will say good-bye for now, 
and I hope you will forgive me for having 
waited so long before writing.' Please 
remember me to Boston, and especially 
Copley Square i 

Sincerely yours 

(SIGNED) Berit Lambert sen 


Letter copied without paragraphs 
to save SDace, 



to those making the visitations 
in Baltimore, Toledo, Cleveland, 
Detroit, leaving by plane on 
Sunday, October 21, and return- 
ing Friday evening, October 26, 

Mr Milton E, Lord 
Mr John J, Connolly 
Mr John M. Carroll 
Mrs Ada A, Andelman 
Miss Elizabeth M, Gordon 
Mrs Mary K, Harris 
Miss Ruth M, Hayes 
Mrs Muriel C, Javelin 
Mrs Grace B, Loughlin 
Jfrs Sara Lyon 

men\hpjv6 and jn^i24xd/s of 

e B.F^ L..F> 3.^ tAiyuiied to an 
iuij6haied lectnAe 

\ Westward with Mew England Lyes 

by V, 

"Lecturer sr)d Photogrdpher 

One of the most successful lecturers in the B.'P. L. 
lecture series in recent years, Mr Anderson's excep- 
tional color photography of the West will be of par- 
ticular interest to staff members who make a hobby of 

FRIDAY • OCTOBER 26, 1951 • AT 8.30 R M. 


Muriel C, Javelin, Chairman 

Edvrard X. Casey Pearl Smart 

Margaret W. Haverty Loraine Sullivan 
Ruth M, Hayes Pauline Winnick 

Please Post 



Published by the Boston Public Library Professional Staff Association 

Volume VI, Number 11 

November 19^1 

Publications Committee: Geraldine M, Altman, Ruth S, Cannell, Ifery F. Daly, Thomas 

J. Manning, Beryl Y. Robinson, ivlartin F, Waters, Louisa S« 
Metcalf, Chairman 

Publication date ; 
The fifteenth of each month 

Deadline for submitting material ! 
The tenth of each month 


In a current play by one of our more 
thoughtful contemporary dramatists, the 
author in a climactic scene, sums up the 
principles for which his hero - no less a 
figure than Socrates ~ is on trial for his 
life. Defying the prevailing Athenian 
distrust of non-conformity, he has Socra'- 
tes remind his judges that "the air of 
democracy is only healthy TNhen inquiry 
bites constantly at the heels of every 
proposal and project," This trenchant 
statement serves vividly to remind the 
reader that the very nature of a democracy 
requires the active participation of eveiy 
one of its members, and only through such 
action is life and meaning given to the 
principles which sustain ito It is the 
test of such a basic truth that it can be 
applied with equal validity to the simplest 
as well as the most complex situation. 
Thus in case of our own Staff Association, 
a democracy in Microcosm, opportunity is 
provided through meetings and the ballot 
to "bite at the heels" of any "proposal or 
project" with -vrtiich we are not in agree- 
ment. As the approaching fall business 
meeting of the Association will be con- 
cerned with important work in progress and 
reports of committees requiring action by 
the Association, let us all make a special 
effort to be present at this meeting, and 
through our active participation give sup- 
port and guidance to the officers we have 
elected, and the committees v;hich are giv- 
ing their time and energies to carrying 
out the aims of the Association, Appended 
to the President's notes in this issue of 
The Question Mark is the agenda of the 


November 21. Special Meeting of the 
Quarter Century Club for election of 
officers, at 900 a,m, in the Lecture 

November 23* Business Meeting of the 
B.P,L,P,S,A. at 9*30 a,m, in the Lecture 

New Staff Members 

Mrs Mary E, Brigante, Uphams Comer 
Branch Library, 

Mrs Miriam F, Cohen, Kirstein Business 

Jfr John I, Collins, Business Office, 

Mrs Rosemary Go Corcoran, Office of Divi- 
sion of Home Reading and Community Services, 

Miss Catherine M, Hannon, Codraan Square 
Branch Library, 

Miss Felicia J, Langdon, Bookmobileo 

Mrs Margaret E, Lewis, West End Branch 

Mrs Mriam F, Porter, Codman Square 
Branch Library, 

Mr Charles D, Ruddy , .Book Stack Service, 

Mrs Bridie P, (O'Oonnell) Stctz, Uphams 
Corner Branch Library. Before her marriage 
Mrs Stots wo.r'ked in the Periodical & News- 
paper DepartuTient and in the Business Office* 


I.!rs Patricia M, Blythe, Book Stack Service, 
to remain at home« 

Miss Winifred L, Glotzer, Mt, Bov/doin 
Branch Library, to work in Brookline Public 


Mrs Patricia R, Halley, Book Stack Ser- 
vice, to remain at home. 

Mrs Katherine Jaffe, Memorial Branch 
Library, to remain at home. 

Miss Jean J« Pollard, Bookmobile, to be 


Mrs Margaret Calnan Ppnighuo, Branch 
Librarian, Connolly Branch Library, 


Miss Ruth V, Mann, Jamaica Plain Branch 
Library, to Mr Charles i'.', Gibson, October 
13, 1951. 


Miss Ruth Marie Gomes, Phillips Brooks 
Branch Library, to Mr Maynard Richmond 
Wilbur, of I'l'ashington, D.C., and Bridge- 
water, Massachusetts. 

Miss Barbara M, Salowitts, Accounting 
Department, to Mr Harold D, Bloom, of 


A son, Edmond Granger Dyett III, to 
Mr and Mrs Edmond Granger Dyett Jr, on 
October 17, 1951. Mrs Dyett is on a leave 
of absence from the Roslindale Branch 


On Saturday morning, November 10, at-:a 
nuptial mass, Miss Alice Nuttall, Catalog- 
ing and Classification Department, Divi- 
sion of Home Reading and Community Ser- 
vices, became the bride of I'fr James 
Chisolm, at the Most Precious Blood Church, 
in Hyde Park. The bride was attired in a 
lavender garbadine suit Tirith a hat of a 
deeper shade, and wore a white orchid. 
She was attended by Miss Claire Fitzpatrick, 
who wore a gray garbadine suit with pink 
accessories. The groom's best man was Mr 
James Kineen, After a vredding breakfast 
at the Hotel Puritan, the couple left to 
spend their honeymoon in Nev/ York. 



On Thursday evening, November 1, a very 
surprised Miss Alice Nuttall of the Cata- 
loging and Classification Department, Divi- 
sion of Home Reading and Community Services, 
was greeted by a group of her Library 
friends gathered at the home of Mrs Mldred 
Francis Conlon to wish her happiness at a 
shower given by her friends « Miss Nuttall 
was presented with a lovely white corsage 
and received many beautiful gifts. 


Miss Virginia Haviland, Branch Librarian, 
Phillips Brooks Branch Library, who haa 
also joined the staff of the Horn Book 
Magazine as co-editor of the Booklist . 



Miss Sarah M, Usher has been appointed a 
member of the InfomHtion and Counselling 
Section Committee of the Department of 
Civil Defense of the City of Boston. 

On October 2^, llbc John W, Tuley served 
as Sub-Sector Chief at the South Boston 
Sub-Sector, Frost Coal Company, Neponset 
Avenue, during the test in communications 
and radiological monitoring. Ground Zero 
was the Fore River Ship Yard in Quincy. 
Mss Helen H. Savakian of the Information 
Office served as Journal Clerk during this 


On November 1, 1951, announcement was- 
made of the appointment of Mrs Margaret C. 
Donaghue as Branch Librarian, Emeritus. 
Mrs Donaghue, the former Margaret A. Calnan, 
Branch Librarian of the Connolly Branch 
Library, had resigned from the service 
after her marriage to ISr Harold R. Donaghue, 
on July 7, 1951. 

Mrs Donaghue has completed thirty-six 
years of service with the Boston Public 
Library, and had served as a Branch Librar- 


ian in Jamaica Plain district for twenty- 
years. It was with mixed feelings that 

her staff and the community received word 
of her marriage and resignation from the 
Library, Allure delighted, of course, 
with her happy news; but also keenly re- 
gretful that it would take her avray from 
the district. The place she occupied in 
the life of the community will be hard to 
fill. Mrs Donaghue's years of helpful 
counsel to her staff and wise leadership 
of her community will long be remembered. 
She took a particular interest in the 
vocational guidance of teen-agers, and 
established one of the finest vocational 
guidance pamphlet files in the system, 
which is used constantly by the students 
and teachers of the district. She was 
equally aware of the needs of the older 
reader. Her regular visits to the conva- 
lescent and nursing homes, to bring books 
to the shut-ins and to stimulate the 
interest of the aged or ill in the joys ci 
reading^, will be greatly missed. Her 
record of service with the Neighborhood 
Council, the Girl Scout Leader's Organiza- 
tion, the Guidance Center (an organiza- 
tion interested in problem boys), has been 

Mrs Donaghue's energetic driving power, 
efficient management and enthusiasm re- 
sulted in the promotion of the Connolly 
Branch Library as the central meeting 
place for all community activities. 

Possessed of great personal charm, she 
is also an individual of exceptional 
ability and energy. She combines tact 
with complete candor, and is always con- 
siderate of the feelings of others. Her 
human qualities have endeared her in the 
hearts of all. 


Mss Mary C, Toy, Chief of the Young 
People's Room,Emeritus, left by plane for 
a trip to Europe late in October. While 
abroad. Miss Toy, in company with a Nun of 
the Cenacle Order, will attend the cere- 
monies celebrating the beatification of the 
founder of that Order, after v>rhich she vrill 
visit the Italian and French Rivieras, and 
other places of interest in France and 
England, flying home early in December. 

Prior to her departure. Miss Toy was the 
guest of the Children's Librarians at a 
Bon Voyage tea in the Women's Lounge at 
which she was presented with a gift of 
money e 



Dr Joseph Mayerhofer, Osterreichische 
Nationalbibliothek, Vienna 

Dr Gerhard Liebers, Murhard Library, 
Kassel, Germany 

Professor Tadao Watanabe, Yamaguchi 
University, Hofu City, Japan, 

Miss Annemarie Mlzer, Director, Public 
Library, Berlin, Germany 

Dr Gustav Hofmann, Director, Bavarian 
State Libraries. 

Dr Gisela von Busse, Bad Godesberg, 


At the Executive Board meeting held on 
[November 7, it was voted to establish a 
Twentv^ successful years in a position of new Standing Committee to be knoTO as the 

considerable responsibility is an accom- Special Services Committee, ;Tith Mr Samuel 
plishment of which to be proud, and also Green as Chairman. Mr Green has served the 
a record which deserves a sincere word of Association in numerous vrays for a long 
gratitude from those whom she has helped period of time, handling matters pertain- 
so generously during all these years. ing to discounts, and three times a year. 

May the inspiration we found in her taking care of a flourishing candy business, 
leadership, and the worthy example in her He will continue in this capacity, repre- 
fine record long remain with usj and may senting the Association in conducting these 

and related matters. 

It was also voted to request the present 
Concession Committee, It- Aaron Starr, 
Chairman, to continue functioning through 
January 18, 19^2, the date of the Annual 
Meeting. The Concession Committee was 
created to serve for one year from the date 
lof the opening of the Coffee Shop and its 
Iduties vrould terminate November lit, 1951* 

the years ahead hold for her the best of 
health and a great deal of happiness, 




A committee was appointed to work with 
the President on the initial steps of pre- 
paring suggestions for the development of 
a possible written statement of objectives 
for the Boston Public Library^ I/Ir Brad- 
ford M., Hill, Miss Louisa S, Metcalf, llr 
Charles L, Higgins, and Miss Edna G, Peck, 
all past presidents of the Association, were 
asked to serve because of their experience, 
and are now working on material which might 
be suggestive of the direction for the 
further grovrth of the statement, to be pre- 
sented at the November business meeting. 
Other groups will be needed to work on this 
once the beginning has been made in order 
that there may be an opportunity for ex- 
pression from representative view points oi 
the Staff. This Staff -initiated project 
has been in the minds of many for sometime 
and it will be recalled was brought to this 
point of action as a result of an inquiry 
addressed to the Director by the Staff 
Committee preparing for the first general 
staff meeting arranged by staff members, 
and held last February. The Director's 
reply indicating the Administration's 
interest precipitated the present under- 

Mrs Dorothy M, Lovett, Business Branch 
Librarian, will serve as Chairman of the 
Bertha V, Hartzell Lecture Committee for 
19^2, the committee members to be announcec 

The Association has received numerous 
requests in the past for information con- 
cerning the Institute and ''Workshops con- 
ducted by the Association. Recently such 
information has been sent to the Los 
Angeles and Brooklyn Public Libraries and 
to the Education Committee of the Special 
Libraries Association, 

There will be many important matters 
discussed at the business meeting on Fri- 
day, November 23, 19^1, some of which will 
require action at the Annual Meeting in 
January, V/ith this in mind each member 
should feel responsible to be presents 
schedules permitting, and voice his opinior 
the morning after Thanksgiving Day» The 
agenda for the meeting follows J please read 
it carefully and think about the items 
listed in preparation for your contribution 
towards the decisions to be made* 



1. Reports of the standing committees. 
Recommendations will be made by the 
Program Committee in regard to the 

number of meetings to be held during 
the year, 

2, Reports of Special Committees. 

a. The CARE Committee will include in 
its report recommendations regard- 
ing the handling of the special 
project for the UNESCO Children's 
Book Fvmd. 

b. Miss Evelyn Levy, Coordinator of 
the Workshop, will present her full 
report on the results of the Vfork- 
shop based on the evaluation ques- 
tionnaire ansvrered by the partici- 

c. Mr Aaron Starr, Chairman of the 
Concession Committee, will report 
on the vrork of that Committee at 
the conclusion of the first year of 
the existence of the Coffee Shop. 
There will be an opportunity for 
discussion regarding the future 
relations between the Association 
and the concession. 

d. The President mil report on the 
progress of the Committee on 
Library Objectives, 

3. Report of the Nominating Committee- 
presenting the slate for 19^2, mil 
be read by the Chairman, Iilr Thomas 

U. Miscellaneous items. 


The following item appeared in the Sew - 
ing Circle of the Boston Post, Friday, 
October 19. 


Dear Readers — In these days of so much 
(and, too often, only too well justified) 
criticism of so-called "servants of the 
public" one is apt to forget the many 
thousands in this category who do their 
jobs faithfully and wellj A short time 
ago I had occasion to go to one of the 
Boston public librariesj where I applied 
for the first card I'd had in many, many 

I was most pleasantly surprised for. 


TTore I a member of a visiting board of 
library trustees, better help and atten- 
tion could not have been given* The 
young librarian, admirably suited to her 
work and, I would say, in exactly the 
right niche, explained in great detail 
the exact privileges a library card em- 
braced* She took the trouble to show me 
the shelves that housed the seven-day 
books, the display of current magazines, 
and the "special" shelves ~ i«eo, helps 
for parents, etc. ll/hen I asked about a 
particular book, she said it wasn't in 
stock at the moment, but she'd get it 
and notify me by card (which she did) 
immediately it became available,. 

Her wide knowledge of books, authors, 
and of people, was apparent in her 
pleasant comments. Some little children 
wandered in, and she went to great 
trouble to help them, and even the 
littlest one was happily working her vray 
through a picture book when I reluctant- 
ly took ray leave, to return to the 

The good this young lady (and I don't 
doubt but there are hundreds like her) 
does, will live for many years to come, 
for she is nurturing the seed of, or 
thirst for, knowledge — "and the truth 
shall set them free." 

I know my experience is not an isolat- 
ed one, for, when I mentioned it to a 
friend, she said she was. similarly 
pleasantly surprised in a library far 
removed from "mine", but, I'm glad to 
say, also in Boston, 


Bookbinders from the Library's Binding 
Department demonstrated their craft - 
tooling, finishing, covering leather- 
in the first floor Exhibit Hall of the 
Museum of Science at Science Park during 
Book Week, Tuesday, November 13 through 
Friday, November l6, from 2 to 1^:30 p.m. 

On Sunday, November 11, there was a page 
of rotogravure entitled "New Life for Old 
Books" in the Boston Globe on the activi- 
ties of the Binding Department. 

Sometime during December the Boston Sun- 
day Glob e will carry a page of rotogravure 
or the Art Week exhibits which the various 
Branch Libraries featured in cooperation 

with the Boston School Department. 


"Whatever else a great library ought or 
ought not to gamer to itself, it has one 
plain duty laid. upon it to acquire works of 
literature... a library should see to it 
that the real books come first... other sorts 
of books are in a measure for the material 
benefit of some particular man or men, some 
creed, some political system, some commer- 
cial theory - they too shovild be here - 
every one of them if possible, but not to 
the neglect of the poetry, the drama, , 
I criticism, the essay, the novel - or of any 
[fashion ifl^atsoover of pure letters - belles 
lettres, as we used to call them - these 
are the primordial cells of the tissues of 
a library. . oWork in a library, my friends, 
is not all cakes and ale, as many suppose 
lit to be. Association with books is, I am 
I sorry to admit, something like dog breed- 
jing - admirable for the books and the dogs, 
but rather belittling to the human being. 
I Much of it is nervous, dirty, fussy detail, 
with no tangible end in view from an indi- • 
jvidual standpoints The fun is in seeing 
!the thing grow, to realize that one's own 
jlife and strength pass imperceptibly into 
the totality of result. A library is a 
cemetery in more senses than ones It ab- 
sorbs youth, ability, and fine enthusiasms. 
The great public catalog, unquestionably 
the grandest achievement of its kind, is a 
huge Moloch, so far as vre are concerned. 
Our eyesight, our backs and legs, our 
patience, and the sweetness of our lives 
have all gone into its insatiable depths. 
Scorn not its limitations and its imper- 
fections therefore - they are the imper- 
fections of human nature itself,. « It is 
astonishing into how few hands the welfare 
of any great institution is practically 
committed.. .This superb building was put 
through by the bold, almost arrogant, de- 
fiance on the part of five men, of public 
opinion, and of the jeers and insults of 
the press. But it was built on that whole- 
some principle enunciated by the late 
William H, Vanderbilt: "The public be 
damned". o»All these demands must be met in 
some fashion, but the more serious require- 
ments are never to be neglected. is a 
pleasure to recall that no valuable work, 
reasonably within our means, was allowed 
to slip from us>,o.a healthy obstinacy in 
these things is always desirable o Little 


conf Idence is to be placed in the man or j brilliant statement on The public li brary 
the institution too ready to do what peopl^in Its relation to literatures (.Cat, 

will like. There is but one consuming 
ideal which a large library has a right to 
cherish, and that is to have on its shelve^ 
every broadside, pamphlet, or book which 
ever was or ever will be printedo He who 
thinks today that he can choose with 
entira Ttisdom is a f oolj and I believe that 
any man,, or institution, or church, v;hich 
undertakes to prescribe what another may 
read is knavish^ . . . The expense of the 
branches and stations have increased in 
proportion to an immensely improved util- 
ity. Duplicates... are bought as never 
before e The old policy used to be to buy 
one copy each of a foreign and one of an 
American edition of the same work,,, but 
there was no attempt to meet any demand 
adequately, and as a result there was more 
money to spend on a greater variety of 
books... Today there is a very faithful 
attempt made to supply in some measure the 
demand for the more usual books o.. it is a 
concession to the theory that the public 
has a just claim on amusement and enter- 
tainment ...but mankind insists upon read- 
ing, not consciously so much for amusement 
as for refreshment. It is my humble opin- 
ion that Alexandre Dumas, Charles Dickens, 
Robert Louis Stevenson - the romancers 
greater or smaller - have relieved more 
cases of nervous exhaustion than did ever 
bromide of potassium. Mental science is 
valuable therapeutics for people with no 
minds ...the citizens want these stories, 
and they hopefully frequent these halls to 
get themo There are at least 50,000 o 
people in this city who want to be reading, 
at this moment, "David Harum," "Janice 
Meredith," and "Richard Carvel," and a 
fresh army is at our ramparts crying for 


6199. 3U) 



The November meeting of Round Table for 
Young Adults was held in the auditorium 
of the Attleboro Public Library, on Thurs- 
day, November 1» 

The business meeting was conducted by 
Ifrs Katharine Jeffrey, in the a bsence of 
Miss Claire Riley, president of the organ- 
ization. The first business to be consid- 
ered was whether or not to omit the May 
meeting and meet only in the Fall, Mid- 
Winter and July, No vote was taken on this 
matter, as it was left for further consid- 
eration and discussion. 

A motion was made and seconded that the 
group go on record as disapproving the 
discharge of Jliss Mildred Lo Batchelder, 

Miss Helen Jackson, Supervisor of Audio- 
visual Aids and a former teacher in the 
Bedford Public Schools gave an interesting 
and entertaining talk on Audio-Visual Aids 
in the Public Schools, 

She maintained that a backward child 
could learn better by picture than by 
written word and sound, for the picture 
depicts what he finds hard to leam by 
word of mouth. The children are prepared 
for the films, then the lesson is present- 
ed; then a follow-up of the subject, to 
discover v/hat the children retained from 
this method of teaching and learning. 
Miss Jackson is entirely sold on films, 
for she feels that educational films do 
not create prejudice, they are documentary 

and ethicalc Several Bedford business men 
"To have and to hold" - for four days onlyj have become so interested that they have 

donated films to the schools. 

It takes more than the ample purse of this 
rich city to feed such an appetite. At 

In several Minnesota schools collections 

such a point begins the problem of attempt4 include as many as 3000 tapes recorded, 

int to minister to the pleasure rather 
than to the needs of a populationo The 
more that attempt is made the weaker rela- 
tively becomes a library in other and 
better directions..." Lindsay S-i'd.ft,1900t 

Editor's Note ; 

These excerpts, culled by a 
member of the Association from a public 
lecture given at the Library in 1900, by 
Mr Swift, Editor of Library Publications 
at the Boston Public Library, are but a 
handful of nuggets from a ptmgent and 

for teaching on subjects from history to 
Hamlet. These are called Teach-o-Discs, 
and have proved very successful. Of par- 
ticular interest was the fact that the 
Baker School in Brookline ovms a recording 
machine in its Memorial Library, for the 
use of children. This is so modulated 
that it cannot be heard outside of the 
room. Children play the stories over and 
over again, for the sheer pleasure of 
listening to them 

Several films were shov/n to the group, 
two of \*iich were on the uso of the library, 

Louise L, MoGurk 


spacious landscaped lot e short distance 
from the business district. The original 
design of the building incorporates a 
driveway through it, parallel to tha front 
of the building, dividing the first floor 
into two separate buildings© 

The library building houses the adminis- 
trative activities, which include a Refer- 
ence Service Director, and a Home Reading 
Services Director* The reference services 
are organized among five subject depart- 

During the week of October 22-26, eight 
members of the staff of the Boston Public 
Library - Mrs Ada A, Andelman, Mr John M» 
Carroll, Miss Elizabeth M. Gordon, Mrs 
Mary K» Harris, Miss Ruth M, Hayes, Mrs 
Muriel G» Javelin, Mrs Grace B, Loughlin, 
and Mrs Sara Lyon - together with Mr John 
J, Connolly and Mr Milton E, Lord, visited 
the Central Library Building and three of 

the Branches of the Detroit Public Libraryijments, a Rare Book room, and a Burton 
five libraries in the Wayne County Library History Department. A Science and Technol- 
Systemj the Central Library Building and ogy Department are housed in a separate 
two of the Branches of the Cleveland Pub- building adjacent to the Central Library 
lie Library; the Central Library Building | Building while a Down Town Library offers 
at Toledo; and the Central Library Build- [foreign languages, current newspapers, and 
ing of the Enoch Pratt Free Public Library a general reference type of serviceo Com- 
in Baltimore, The purpose was to study Iplete subject departmentalization has been 
building plans, and certain services and I sought c As a first step in setting up the 

subject departments, a section of a room 
in front of the first floor, formerly occu- 
ipied by a Periodical Department, was made 
available by allocating periodicals to sub- 
complete attention was given to the study Iject areas or to the General Information 
of libraries, listening, observing, asking JDepartment, (a department the need of which 
questions, and later discussing what had lis conceded in Detroit). The History and 
been seen» The group travelled as a unit Travel Department was set up in this area, 
so that similar situations would be viewed A large Children's Room is also located in 
by all. The result was an over-all im- the front of the building on the first 
pression of the libraries seen, rather ifloor, and in the rear a Regietration De- 

jpartment, a checkroom, telephone booths, 
land a Parent-Teacher's Department, the use 
of which may eventually be eliminated by 

operating procedures, with particular em- 
phasis on book charging systems » 

The greatest value of such a tour per- 
haps lay in the fact that for one week 

than a detailed knowledge cf some one 
phase of a library's work. Each noon the 
group lunched with those staff members 
performing similar work in the libraries 
visited, the pattern followed being sirai- 

the subject departmentalization^ On the 
second floor, the Fine Arts, and Music and 

lar in each instance. The head Librarian Drama Department, the Philosophy, Religion 

and key staff members began each visit 
with a resume of the present organization- 
al set-up of the Library, as well as of 
plans for future development, and special 
techniques and services known to be of 
interest to the visitors. The various 
departments of the Central Library build- 
ings were then shown to the group. In 
Detroit and in Cleveland, Branch Libraries 
were also visited in the afternoon. This 
required the Directors of these two Lib- 
raries to give up an entire day to their 
duties as hosts. 

The Detroit Central Library Building 
with projected expansion into wings, for 
which funds have yet to be raised, and its 
charging system (perhaps) were our chief 
interest here, although its Branches, alsc^jer in the reading room 

and Education Department, Language and 
Literature Department, and the General In- 
formation Department occupy three outside 
reading Jrooms. In the Center of the build- 
ing is a handsome reading room, housing all 
the fiction and a selection of popular 
books and magazines. The Rare Book room is 
located in an area between the reading room 
and the General Information Department. On 
the third floor are the Social Science De- 
partment and the Burton Historical Collec— 

Each department has its own catalog, pre- 
pared by photographic reproduction. The 
Library has a teletype installation linking 
it directly to the State Library at Lansing, 
The Library at Ann Arbor, etco 
i No record is kept of what is given a read— 

The main entrance 

represent some very fine planning. 

provides the only authorized exit and an 

Detroit's Central Library is a handsome Attendant on duty there is responsible for 

movr.-'mental building, standing on a 

inspection of all books taken from the 


bnilding* Books that circulate are taken 
from the individual department by the bor- 
rower and charged near the entrance. 
Charging is done by thft IBM system. The 
reader who has an identification card 
makes out a slip for each book he wishes 
to withdraw, putting book identification 
on one slip for each book (author, title, 
book mark) and signs one slip. The loan 
slip is placed in a machine lArtiich prints 

branch. In the Branches where the "reader 
interest" shelving is used, it has been 
found that the circulation has increased. 
This concept has also be-^n considered in 
book selection as it frequently eliminates 
purchasing those books which fit neither 
into an "interest" group nor into a Refer- 
ence Classification, and Tfhich have been 
found in the past to be shelf-sitters. 

Furthermore, a more adequate and satisfac- 
the transaction number and date due on thejtory subject coverage seems to result when 
loan slip. The predated date due trans- |books are ordered f or a "reader interest" 
action card is placed in the book pocket, collection, 
the transaction number on the loan slip Yfayne County 
and on the date due transaction card agree-| The identification card is returned 
to the borrower and the loan slip is filed 
by transaction sequencR. 

When a borrower returns a book, the 
transaction card is removed from the book, 
which is then ready for shelving, and the 
transaction card is sent with others once 
a week to a central sorting area a The 
cards are put into consecutive order by 
IBM equipment. Absent numbers indicate 
books still charged out. The signed slips 
with transaction nvmibers corresponding to 
the absent transaction cards are mthdrawn 
from the charge slips and these become the 
basis of overdue work which is all done at 
Central. This charging system is used in 

branches as well as Central. 

The branches of the Detroit system 
visited were all housed in new buildingsj 
where extensive use of glass, colors and 
modern plastic furniture make the interiois! placed on the charge slip. 

The Wayne County Library system is made 
up of small community libraries. The new- 
er ones represent very economical construc- 
tion methods by use of cinder block and 
other low cost materials. These libraries 
give great attention to special provisions 
for attractive quarters for small readers 
and nursery furniture, rocking horses, 
record players, etc. For the adult reader 
they have special record collections and 
even television sets. Their charging sys- 
tem parallels in simplicity that of Detroit 
without use of a machine. The reader re- 
cords as many as four books, by author, 
keyword of title and copy number, on a 
"charge slip", on which he also signs his 
name and address. Each book is given a 
"loan number". The loan number also 
appears on predated, date due, key sort 
[loan cards. The predated loan card is put 
jin the proper book and the loan number is 

All charge 

cheerful and attractive. Each new branch jslips are placed in a container face down 
has its separate smoking room readily con-|to preserve numerical order. The return 
vertible to an assembly area, and each has processes parallels the Detroit transaction 

its own motion picture projector. The 
three age groups are recognized. However, 
young people's books are housed in the 
adult area, not isolated. In these 
branches the conventional arrangement, by 
classification mark, with occasional dis- 
plays of books on special topics, is being 
superseded by a "reader interest" arrange- 
ment so the home maker, for example, vd.ll 

system. Self charging and transaction card 
processes in both libraries have worked 

In a few of the Wayne County libraries 
the registration of borrowers has been dis- 
continued and no identification cards are 
used. The librarians know their clientele, 
Tnho seldom use more than one library. In 
one of these libraries, with a yearly cir- 
culation of about 80,000 books, only one 

find books on consumer research, cooking, 

draperies, party giving, etc., all shelved jbook has been unrecoverable in a year's 

together regardless of Dewey classificatioiitime. 

Some eleven "reader interest" concepts for 
adults and a fev/er number for children ' 
have been worked out, after several years 
of experimentation. These are followed 
more or less uniformly and a residue col- 
lection of "information" books not adapt- 
able to "reader interest" categories re- 
main on Dewey Classification in each 


The Cleveland Public Library was built 
after complete subject departmentalization 
had been adopted in previous quarters. It 
is a rectangular building, with its stack 
area in the center. There is an attendant 
on duty at the entrance so that strict 
reading room control is not needed. The 


check room is beyond the control point, subjects from Children's books are illus- 
Central Recordak photographic charging Jtrated in inlaid murals rath jade Vitrolite 
with a borrower's identification card tatesj background, while in the Story Hour Room 
care of all central library lending. This | subjects from Mother Goose and Aesop's 
is the same type of machine that is cur- ^Fables are portrayed against a gray Vitro- 
rently being used at Fattapan and West ilite backgrounds 
Roxbury Branches, I This Librarj,^ has subordinated the General 

In Cleveland, the subject departments .Reference activities to the Social Science 
have direct access to stack areas and, in IDepartment* There is complete subject de- 
some departments, there is stack shelving ipartmentalizition„ The stack area occu- 
v/ithin the reading room area itself « His-jpies two entire basement levels below the 
tory. Sociology, Business Inform ti on, j reading room areas. As one enters the 
Science and Technologyjand Education share j building, one finds elevator and checkroom 
one floor; General Ref'erence, Periodicals, i outside a control point at which all out- 
Popular Library and Literature anotherjet&igoing books are exarainede Beyond is a 
All shelving and shelf list reading is per- | large hall, vdth central return and charg- 
formed by one unit of service. Extensive |ing desk. Books ret\irned here are sent to 

la basement sorting room by booklift and 
'distributed from there. Toledo had just 
•installed machine charging and \ms still 
'working out its applications > The public 
are built into each corner of the building,! catalog is in this hall_, with a reference 
and more modest ones flank the entrances, lassistant on duty at all times. On the 

The Library sponsors certain services .same floor are the Science Department, the 
that are either unusual or especially em- i Business Department., Fine Arts and Music 
phasized* Its service to shut-ins^ and i*^, Department, the Social Science Department, 
hospital work seem exceptional in both j History Department;. Philosophy Department, 
scope and activity. Its visual education land the Language and Literature Departments 
program, its speaker's bureau, its reader^ jOn the second floor is a Local History De- 
advisory service, all seemed to be vigo- jpartment and a Children's and Young Peoplefe 
rously supportedo The visits to Cleveland?s|Department, Each department had office 
branches showed what could be done in com-; and work areas adjacent to its reading 

use is made of signs, posters and direc- 
tional information. The key note is 
struck by the exterior of the building, 
where generous illuminated display cases 

mercial quarters adapted to library pur- 

Toledo's Central Library building has a 
simple exterior with twelve display win- 
dows at street level, although the build- 
ing itself is set back from the sidewalk 
about fifteen feet. The window displays 
correlate books with goneral subjects, 
specific events of local or national sig- 
nificance, a particular author, etCo 

The building itself has tvro floors of 

I room and also has book lift and stainvay 

ito its basement stack area, 

J Enoch Pratt 

i The Enoch Pratt Library building is simi- 

ilar to that of Toledo, The first floor of 

I the building, close to the sidewalk, is 
i surrounded by a row of display windows 
1 given over to exhibitions showing the re- 
. suits of much planning and outlay by a 
trained staff „ This building, also, de- 
Ipends on control at the entrance, oljviat- 
ling the close supervision of material used 
public service departments. These depart- jin the reading roomso It is a Library that 
ments are arranged around a great central ihas achieved compj.ete departmentalization* 
hall,^Ahich is roofed over viith translucent | All its subject departments are on the 
material, so that there is the effect of a i ground floor, except 'the Fine Arts and 
central courtyardo Throughout the build- JMusic Departments, and the Poe Browsing 
ing, completed in 19h^, there is a most [Room, Non-musical recordings are housed 
unusual use of colored glass for decorativejin the Literature Department, Its Central 
purposes. This is due to the fact that thelHall is the scene of many a gathering, and 
Libbey Owens Glass Company is located in ia Christmas Book Fair will be held there 

this year a 

j Organization of reader services on an age 
I group basis, headed up by coordinators for 
jadult, young people's, and children's ser- 
jvices seems to have resiilted in an effec- 

Toledoo Vitrolite has been used through- 
cut the building. Of particular interest 
are ihe murals in the entrance hall which 
depict the arts and sciences in various 
colors of inlay on a background of gray 

Vitrolite. In the Children's Room tnirteeritive integration of Central and Branch 




activities, using all media of information-[ 
the film, the recording, the book, the ; 

speaker, the reading list, etc* It is in-j 

teresting to note that no libraries visit- 1 

ed limit the nrjnber of adult bookii circu- l Green's Candy Corner announces a brisk 
lated, unless as the number requested seems pre-Thanksgiving candy business ara.ounting 
unreasonable. In some instances, there is;to k92 pounds at a total of $IiOh.77o This 

represented a substantial saving to members 
of the staff in terms of discount. 
Congratulations and thanks to our capable 
and efficient candy representative, 




only one due date a week for books circu- 
lated, this date being the least busy day 
of the week. Three weeks is the usual 
circulation period. A book thus circu- 
lates for a minimum of twenty-one days, if jMr Samuel GreenI 
It is taken out on the due dayj or a raaxi- 
ii:um of twenty-seven days, if it is taken 
',-)i;t on the day following the due day. This 
system reduces to a minimum the overdue 

Ir\ all of the libraries, the departments I 
i<f t,he Central Library and the Branch Li- } The fall professional meeting of the 
jraries cooperate closely in the selection I BPLPSA was held in the Lecture Hall on 
..f books. Department Heads, Branch Librar4Friday evening, October 26, 195l» Mr 
rVans, and Supervisors or their equivalents ! Stewart Anderson, the guest speaker, based 
meet together weekly to consider and to ihis talk on his experiences during two 
examine the new books. In most libraries i trips to the National Parks and the Cana- 
the books of non-fiction, as well as those : dian Rockieso His running comments high- 
of fiction, are read by staff members, [lighted exceptionally fine colored slides 

Most of the libraries place great empha- which he had taken during his trips. The 

sis on lists and posters, particularly in 
the Central Libraries. Lists of one de- 
partment are displayed in all other de- 
partments, and in the Branch Libraries, 
This is particularly true in Cleveland 
where, even in the Periodical Department 
there are shelves of books, because, as 

! audience, although not large, was an 
j appreciative oneo All felt that the even- 
iing had been one delightfully spent far 
I from the sights and sounds of Copley Square, 
j In the a bsence of the chairman of the 
'Program Committee, Mrs Muriel Javelin, the 
meeting was conducted by the President, 

they explained, a borrower might not othei^^Miss Pauline Walkero At the conclusion of 
wise get beyond the periodicals. The fact :Mr Anderson's films the guests adjourned 

that both Toledo and Baltimore have pro- 
fessional sign painters and artists on 
their staffs accounts for the finished 
appearance of their exhibits and book 

There are public meeting rooms in all of 
the Central Library buildings* With the 
exception of Wayne County, all have exten- i 
sive film lending departments, all circu- 
late recordings, and at least one of the 
Wayne County Libraries circulates record 
players , 

This summary outlines but a small part 

1 to the Young People's Room where the 
j Entertainment Committee under the chair- 
■raanship of Miss Dorothy Nourse served re- 
I freshments 




Congratulations to the Concession on the 
recent celebration of its first anniversary* 
of the information and impressions derived 1 The occasion was marked by the distribution 
from the visits to these librarieso The | of gay candy candles to those who visited 
members of the group that made the trip all it on its birthday, November lU, 
have literature and examples of the work I 

done in the libraries visited that they j ^'riH'r)H!r:Hi-^i^ 

wonl.d be glad to share vdth interested 
members of the staff, and they will be happy 
to discuss any phase of the trip with them, 




Periodical Department 


I Neponset 

^ ,^. ^ Periodically S peaking; The first film program vras held on Octo- 

Bookbinding and Book Pr^oution for kgr 17, 195l» The movies about puppets 
October, 1951 has an article on Pauline Jo and birds were enjoyed by a group of about 
Love, Editor of Publications for the AoL.A.^.^o hundred youngsters who cooperated very 
As a "Drofile" of her professional and j^ell, considering the lack of space , For 
personal interests, it ?ives those who mayi^he next program it is planned to ussue 
have come into contact with her an inter- | tickets for admission to prevent over- 
esting insight into her activities as "v^ell I cj.q^(J;^j^„^ 

as those of our professional organization 
Tillhile referring to a recently published 
article of Mrs Love, the following infor- 
mation of interest is mentionedo The pro- 
duction cost of AcLrAo publications is 
greater than that of most publishers be- 
cause of the type of books published* 

"Bibliographies, footnotes ;, enumerations^' 
tables, headingSaooetco all bring composi- 
tion costs to two or three times higher 
than that for the average trade booko" 

A.L»A,'s production of the 7th edition j 
of Guide to Reference Boo ks is illustra- j 
tive of a typical composition problem. ! 
The book requires three sizes of type and | 
so many accents, for practically every 
language in the world, that few composing 
rooms are able to handle the jobocoWith 
composition representing $0 to 7^% of 
costs, sometimes the use of an IBM type- 
writer and photo-offset is the only way a 
book can be published economicallyo 

A Halloween party given for the Reading 
Club was a great sucijessc All the members^ 
about twenty-fiver appeared in costume. 
After the games, prizes were awarded for 
the prettiest and the funniest costmnes«« 
Refreshments vrere later enjoyed by the 

According to the Report of the Queens 
Borough Public Library (New York) for the 
year ending 1951^ the following were per- 
haps the most humorous questions asked 

during the year. 
Gen Ref top them? 
answer them? 

I Ph illips Brooks 


I Two evenings devoted to discussion of 
I books provided special Interest recently. 
jOn Thursday evening^ October 18, at the 
[regular monthly meeting of the FRIENDS OF 
JEdna Go Peck was the speaker, presenting 
! reviews of "Fall Favorites," This annual 
jautumn book review program provides great 
j pleasure for Readville friends of Miss 
I Peck, a former Branch Librarian here, 
j November 8 \ras the beginning of an ex- 
j tended Book Week program., On this evening 
(Anna Bird Stewart, well-known author of 
I stories and biographies for young people, 
I spoke to a large group of boys and girls, 
I Telling of her experiences in becoming a 
writer (a career begun at the age of seven) 

The problem is: Can our, and of the serious work of an author who 

Or better still - 

I does careful research for fiction and 
ibiography, and writes poetry as v/ell, she 
was both entertaining and inspiringo One 
I of the boys was so delighted with her 
I amusing way of telling stories that he 
Isolenmly assured her she could be a 
comedian if she were not an authoro The 
I Library was happy to welcome into this 

3o In a small library, are books in thejaudience members of reading clubs from 
100 «s, 200's, etc. arranged clock- iconnollv. Dorchester, and North End Br; or counter-clockwise ? 

One of the most baffling questions was 

Which way do a horse's ears point? 
My vri-fe does not know hovr to cook 
sauerkraut rightt Can you give me 
the recipe ray mother used to use to 
thicken sauerkraut, so I can teach 
my wife the right way to cook it? 

.Connolly, Dorchester, and North End Branch 

asked by an old man, ignorant of the enor- 
mity of the problem;, who wanted to know 
"What makes the world tick?" in a few short 



West End 

Come and see usl The building has just 
been refurbished and is gleaming with 
fresh new paint and polished surfaces in 
readiness for the holidays and the Boston 
Public Library Centennialo The beautiful 
old building, in spite of its new modern 
dress-up, still remains a living Sentinel^ 
dignified and hoary with history — proudly 
acclaiming its glories of yesterday and 
present day vitality as a beacon of light 
and learning in the communityo 


Because the Branch Library is still rich 
in memories and historic associations for 
r'lP.ny Bostonians it often has occasion to 
'i;e host to very interesting people and to 
r-.ear rare anecdotes about its long exis- 
-ence as the Old Yfest Church, anecdotes 
>ibout the building itself, the ministers 
and the parishioners. Recently, one such 
caller out of the past was a Ur Bryant, 
who came in to clear up a point of infor- 
mation and who remained for the best part 
of the evening, reminiscing about the time 
he was a young man, living on Lynde Street 
and worshipping here. His memories of the 
Church's last minister, the Reverend Cyrus 
Bartol,are numerous and vivid. He de- 
scribed him as a liberal and progressive 
man, with a lively sense of humor and a 
weakness for punning. He told of the time 
Dr Bartol took a group of children to 
Blackstone Square in the South End to 
witness the inauguration of the first 
electric street lighting in Boston, Mr 
Bryant was also there. At the conclusion 
of the ceremonies Dr Bartol turned to JJlr 
Bryant and said, "It is something light in 
a matchless display," 

It is such and similar incidents that 
add the spice of variety to the daily 


The poems of John Greenleaf 
lITiittier were read and discussed by the 
members of the West End Poetry Group at 
their meeting on Tuesday evening, November 
13 i in the Lecture Hall. 


! "America's Robert E» Lee", "Serapina", 
["Steamboat South". "Tiny, the turtle who 
jvianted to fly", "Mr T. W. Anthony Woo", 
i "Young Readers Horse Stories" and "Home at 
I Last" are a few of the most intriguing 
I titles being displayed in this valuable 
I exhibit, 

! * 

' Children's picture books in the Hebrew 
|langniage v;hich were made in Isreal will be 
the focal point of the annual Jewish Book 
Month exhibit from November 23 - December 
23, The most recent works of popular 
Jewish authors mil also be shovm. 

Children's Room 

One hundred original draT.-ings by 
the illustrators of children's books now 
adorn the walls as a special feature ■?or 
Children's Book V'/eek from November 11-17 • 

Ghosts and goblins had their 
day a little ahead of time when on Saturday, 
October 27th, an early Hallowe'en celebra- 
tion took place for the benefit of the 
small patrons of the library© With a ghost 
story to start the fun and a play entitled 
"The Soft-hearted Ghost", produced and 
acted by seven local girls, the morning 
turned out to be a memorable one for more 
than sixty children v/ho attended. Hallow- 
een candy and paper favors completed the 

A Junior Poetry Group has been inaugurat- 
ed under the inspired leadership of Miss 
Pearl Strachan formerly Poetry Editor, 
Christian Science Monitor staffo Miss 
Strachan has conducted poetry groups for 
children many times before, notably among 
the boys at the Burroughs Foundation, and 
her gracious personality combined with her 
delightfully sensitive reading of poetry 
will help the children to appreciate a 
field too often neglected, Ullss Strachan 's 
program includes the reading of poems, 
interspersed with personal touches, the 
telling of stories, and the encouragement 
of poetry writing and reading among the 
children. The group meets every Saturday 
morning at IO53O. 

In observance of Art Week, the West End 
Branch is displaying a group of water color 
paintings done by the pupils of the William 
Blackstone School. Bright autumn flowers 
and foliage are delicately and naturally 
portrayed with unusual talent. 



Any contribution to the Soap Box must be 
accompanied by the full name of the Asso- 
ciation member submitting it, together the name of the Branch Library, 
Department, or Office in which he or she 
is employed. The name is vathheld from 
publication, or a pen name used, if the 
contributor so requests « Anonymous con- 
tributions are not given consideration. 
The author of the article is knovm only 
to the contributor and to the Editor-in- 
Chief, The contents of articles appear- 
ing in the Soap Box are personal opinions 
expressed by individual Association mem- 
bers and their appearance does not neces- 
sarily indicate that the Publications Com- 
mittee and the Association a re in agree- 
ment the viev/s expresseda 

To the Editor: 

In the Soap Box of the Iilay, 
1951 issue of The Question Mark , . "Concern- 
ed" v^rote a letter illustrating hovr 23 
persons in the Division of Home Reading 
Services had been recognized for their 
subject specialty, whereas only S persons 
in the Division of Reference and Research 
Services had been similarly recognized. 
It was also shown that there were many 
people using this special subject knowl- 
edge, tested through the Promotional Exanv- 
Ination system, in their daily duties 
■within the Division of Reference and Re- 
search Service, who were not receiving any 
administrative recognition of their sperr 
cialized knowledge because the Administra- 
tion has not opened up the position of 
Reference Librarian, Yet, Assistants 
within the Division of Home Reading Ser- 
vices, with comparable subject specialties, 
are receiving recognition from the Adminis- 
tration of their specialty by appointment 
to the position of Children's Librarian. 

Apropos of this, I would like to add to 
the letter of "Concerned", the thoughts of 
a nationally recognized authority in the 
field of reference libra rianship, Miss 
lilary N. Barton, Head of the Reference 
Department of the Enoch Pratt Free Library, 
on this subject: 

"oooThe book knowledge and research skill 
that must be built up practically from 
the beginning by each new assistant who 
comes to a subject or general reference 
department creates an important admiriis- 
trative problem because of the time in- 

volved. Furthermore, given the necessary 
educational qualifications plus the person- 
al -traits needed, together with a high de- 
gree of intelligence and mental curiosity, 
the assistant's value to her department 
cumulates in a truly remarkable way.e.I 
wish there were some way to compute accu- 
rately the cost of libraries in loss of 
efficiency due to staff turnbver in this 
type of work a From an administrative 
point of view, the great problem to my 
mind, is to find a way to recognize the 
value of this kind of service, in salary 
and prestige o There is undoubtedly a 
danger that some library administrators 
may be much more alert to see and honor 
administrative ability than to recognize 
reference ability. If we admit the impor- 
tance of skilled service with the public, 
then should we not honor this work to a 
sufficient extent, so that assistants do 
not feel compelled to leave it as soon as 
they reach a high degree of competence? 
My remarks about the cumulative value of 
experience assistants should most certainly 
not be construed as a desire to discourage 
promotion but rather as a plea for greater 
chance of promotion v-dthin the field of 
skilled reference service." 

Fortunately, rathin the framework of the 
Perso n nel Classification and salary sched- 
ules for_ the biblioth e cal service , in tho 
Boston Public Library, there are plans for 
the position of Reference Librarians, but 
when are the positions going to be opened? 
With the possibility of our new building 
vdth its special subject departments being 
built in the nbt too distant future, would 
it not be to begin laying the founda- 
tions of that departmentalization now by 
developing a well-integrated reference 
staff of titular rank nowJ 

Another v;ho is concemedl 

P. S, The quotation is from Miss Barton's 
paper, "Administrative problems in refer- 
ence vrork" published in The reference func - 
t ion of the library. Pape r s presented 
before the Library Institute at the Univer- 
sity o f Chicago, June 29 to July 10, 19i|2 . 
Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 19U3. 
p. 2i;li-2h5o 


To the Soap Box: 

In the May 1951 issue of 
The Question Mark there appeared a letter 
to the Soap Box T/hich pointed out discrep- 
ancies between the personnel classificaticn 
in the Division of Reference and Research 
Services and that in the Division of Home 
Reading and Community Services o The facts 
presented in this letter were of interest 
to many, I am sure. 

It seems to me, too, that there are many 
departments in the Division of Reference 
and Research Services where the titles of 
Reference Assistant and Reference Librar- 
ian could be used. 

I haven't seen definitions of the posi- 
tions as used the the Boston Public Library 
but I think the definitions might be 
"Assistant who does reference work" and 
"Librarian who does reference work." 
"Reference work," as defined by Margaret 
Hutchins in her Introduction to Referenc e 
Work J 'Includes the direct personal aid 
within a library to persons in search of 
information for whatever purpose, and also 
various library activities especially 
aimed at making information as easily 
available as possible," 

There are members of the staff in the 
various departments of the Division of 
Reference and Research Services who are 
daily performing the duties in these activ-J 
ities and who have indicated special sub- 
ject knowledge by passing examinations in 
their fields o Some have acquired a knowl- 
edge of subjects and sources and library 
techniques that can only be acquired 
through years of experience. 

In the rigid classification system of the 
library some departments are allowed only 
two titular positions of administrative 
rank, and the general assistants must do 
the same work, but without official recog- 
nition. These departments could not func- 
tion properly otherwise. 

I think the problem could well be studied 
by the Professional Staff Association. 

We're htunan tooi 

[To the Editor: 

i In our "outside" reading we 

j often meet with remarks of such compelling 
relevance to library problems in general 
and our library affairs in particular, that 
we want to read them to the entire staff 
over a public address system. So how about 
instituting a new feature in our QUESTION 
mRK called "QUOTATIONS" and asking staff 
members to contribute what pearls they en- 
counter in their reading - the Editors of 
course reserving the right to pass on the 
importance, timeliness, and relevance of 
such quotations. Current newspaper clip- 
pings, da'Tining us or praising us, find 
their way to the bulletin board; and arti- 
cles of interest in library literature are 
brought to the attention of the staff in 
other ways, but old and forgotten state- 
ments made by people of note in library 
affairs and buried away in old books or 
magazines should occasionally be disinter- 
red and printed in THE QUESTION MARK for 
the instruction, amusement and edification 
of the staff o In this way not only will 
justice be done for one more minute to 
some past good men, but we will be able to 
measure ourselves against the high hopes 
envisioned for us as librarians and educa- 
tors by those people of public spirit and 
intellegence v.ho had so much to do with 
the making of this library and the expres- 
sion of the ideals of a public library. 
The staff can compare itself with our pre- 
predecessors in the service and see 
whether we have improved in quality or 
fallen by the wayside j we can compare the 
Library as it once existed as an idea in 
the heads of responsible citizens with 
¥;hat it is today, and in general stop for 
a while to take stock of ourselves. How 
do we stack up - as Library in the Library 
field; as educational institution in the 
community; as library v;orkers compared to 
those who came before us; as administra- 
tion vsa past administrators; as trustees 
vse past trustees© Some of the quotations 
should be interesting and illuminating. 


Editor's Nott 

An excellent suggestion! 
The excerpts selected from Iilr Swift's lec- 
ture by this contributor, virhich appears in 
the current issue of the Q.M. make an in- 
teresting beginning to such a feature. Let 
us have more contributions from the staff 
for future issues of the Q. M. 


To the Editor: 

Ne w Open Shelf 
Quiet Shelves* 

The ticking of an unheard clock. 
Inviting Chairs, unused. 
Catalogs, unfilled. 
Polished floors, uuitread upon. 
And glass walls, still unsimidged. 
Here are only books, 
Row on aging row. 

Mute testimony to the genius of Man» 
And in between the rows, 
Oblivious to the grandeur that he lives 

among : 
A mouse. 


Dear "Soap Box" Editor: 

Many Central Library 
friends of Miss Mary C. Toy have expressed 
genuine regret that they were not asked by 
the Children's Librarians to join in the 
tribute paid to their colleague on her 
retirement when she was guest of honor at 
a morning coffee hour and was presented 
with. a gift. Their good rrishes are 
her, nonetheless I 


Dear Editor: 

No\T, about those promotions?? 
Nosey Parker 

Editor of Soap Box: 

Oh when? Oh when are 
those appointments going to be made? They 
would make nice Christmas presents for 
some people i 


Dear Editor: 

Just think of iti Steak, 27(« 
a lb,, leg of lamb, 23^, turkey, 290, ham, 
220, doffee, 100 a lb. No, I'm not suffer 
ing fiom the Indian summer heat. It's 

just a bad case of nostalgia creeping in. 

I was just looking at a November, 1939 
issue of a Boston paper and those were the 
prices I saw. And these, too. Apples, 10 
lbs. for 290, Potatoes, 15 lbs, for 2^0. 
Butter, 300 a lb. Eggs, 230 a dozen. 
Women's shoes (not bargain basement but 
Slattery's if you please) $5.95. A misses 
dressy dress, .'$16,95. A women's Harris 
tweed reefer, $25. Men's suits, betvreen 
$20 and $30, some with tvro pairs of pants. 
Those may not have been the good old days, 
but they sure were the lovT-priced ones. 

Now, what brought on this fit of nostal- 
gia and drove me to the newspaper files 
was the persistency of a rumor to the 
effect that a representative of the Admin- 
istraticn of the Library in a discussion of 
our present salary scale made the remark, 
"the bibliothecal staff is adequately taken 
care of," (from the financial point of 
view, ) 

It is obvious from the prices I have 
quoted above that in order to maintain our- 
selves at our 1939 level of living, without 
any extras for our long years and gray hairs 
and the sharp rise in taxes, we would now 
have to be getting a salary at least twice 
that of 1939. But are we? We are not. 

The minimum salary of 1939 was $10U3. 
Double that is ;ip208U. The present minimum 
is a little short of that. As for the 
maximum, in 1939 it was $1930. Double 
that is C^3860, which makes the present max- 
imum a fTill !U3C0 short 6f being adequate, I 
don't know how the rest of you bibliothe- 
caries feel about this adequacy business, 
but as for me, I've got last year's coat on 
and believe me the wind of Inadequacy 
really whistles through it, 


Once again the Boston Public Library has 
been invited to participate in the selec- 
tion of titles for the annual ALA list of 
Notable Books, The following are serving 
on the committee: 

Edna Gt Peck, Chairman 

Geraldine M. Alt man 

Geraxdine T. Beck 

John M, Carroll 

Christine Hayes 

Charles L. Higgins 

Frances C. Lepie 

Louisa S. Metcalf 

Dorothy F. Nourse 

Sarah Richman 

Loraine A, Sullivan 




Published by the Boston Public Library Professional Staff Association 

Volume VI j Number 12- 

December 19^1 

Publications Committee: Geraldine M, Altman, Ruth S. Cannell, Mary F, Daly, Thomas 

J. Manning, Beryl Y, Robinson, lilartin F. Waters, Louisa S, 
Metcalf, Chairman 

Publication date ; 
The fifteenth of each month 

Deadline for submitting material : 
The tenth of each month 


Through perusal of the account of the rc3- 
cent tour of libraries, undertaken by eight 
members of the staff, in company with the 
Director and the Assistant to the Director 
and Chief Executive Officer, which appear- 
ed in last month's issue of The Question 
Mark, and through conversations with indi- 
vidual members of the group, considerable 
interest and curiosity has been aroused in 
the details of various services, techniquss 
and procedures, especially in regard to 
charging systems, of which the group made a 
particular study. Their entiiusiasm for I 
much that they observed has been contagiou^ 
and insofar as casual discussion has per- \ 
mitted, much of this enthusiasm has fil- j 
tered down through the staff. The pros- j 
pect of simplification of routines and | 
elimination of much of the drudgery asso- 
ciated with the present system generally i 
in use is a cause for rejoicing for most \ 
of us, and the prospect of partial relief 
after the first of the year when certain 
new charging procedures and loan rules go 
into effect is a happy one. 

Inevitably, because of the limited time 
remaining, there is considerable confusion 
in the minds of the staff as to the many 
implications of the changes to take place. 
Doubtless most of these misgivings will be 
resolved in an official statement which we 
assume is forthcoming, clarifying the whole 
problem, and explaining how the different 
systems operating simultaneously in various 
lanits of the library will "mesh", thus 
preparing the staff and the public for the 
new set-up. 

The members of the Publications Committee 
Join in wishing their readers all the joys 
of the season. 



abide th 

faith, hope, 

charity, these 

three; but the 

greatest of these 

is charity." To you 

who have CARED in 19^1 

we give thanks and extend 

greetings. For 19^2 we vdsh 

you health and happiness, peace 

and prosperity. 

E, Langs 
V, Lehane 
B, Freer 
S, Richman 

M, McDonald 
.■• Committee on CARI! 

.,^.:*-y-' '"",■■ 


NeTf Staff Members 

Miss Mary J, Campbell, Mattapan Branch 

Mr Alden F. Caldwell, Book Stack Service 

Mss Jean L» Eaton, Science and Technol- 
ogy Department, 

Mrs Beulah S. Hamilt, Uphams Corner 
Branch Library. 

Mr Walter G« Harris, Book Purchasing 

Miss Mary L, Hegarty, Rare Book Depart- 

Mrs Therese A, Moore, East Boston Branch 

Miss Benedetto A. Ricciardelli, Book 
Stack Service. 

Miss Teresa L« Tape, Book Preparation 

Miss Stella Kallas, Connolly Branch 


I.frs Marion F, Martin, Uphams Corner 
Branch Library, to remain at home. 

Tr ansfers 

Miss Mary J. Brady, from Cataloging and 
Classification Department, Division of 
Reference and Research Services _, to Office 
of the Division of Reference and Research 

Miss G, Elizabeth Fitzgerald, from Cata- 
loging and Classification Department, Div- 
ision of Reference and Research Services 
to Tyler Street Reading Room. 

Miss Ae Phyllis Freeman, from Mount 
Pleasant Branch Library to Mattapan Branch 

Miss Jfergaret J. Murphyj from TIattapan 
Branch Library to Charles town Branch Li- 

Mrs Helen M, Popp, from East Boston 
Branch Library to Brighton Branch Library, 

Mrs Eunice R. Walker, from South End 
Branch Library to Memorial Branch Library. 

Miss Patience-Anne C, Williams, from 
Brighton Branch Library, to Connolly 
Branch Library. 

Miss Ruth Eo Winn, from Uphams Corner 
Branch Library to South End Branch Library 

Miss Veronica Yotts, from Charlestcvm 
Branch Library to Mount Pleasant Branch 

[ Marriage s 

I Miss Elaine Parsons, Kirstein Business 
i Branch, to Mr Thomas J. Liarzilli, on 
I November 22, 1951, 


tlilitary Leaves of Absence 

Mr Frank J, Donovan, Book Stack Service, 
October 18, 1951. 

Mr I'Yilliam A, O'Donnell, Book Stack Ser- 
vice, November 5> 1951. 



1 Mr Arthur W« Heintzelman, Keeper of 
! Prints , on recffii.-yri;-,g one of the citations 
[awarded for the ser-ond year by the Muniosi- 
! pal Research Bureau^ to six city employees 
I'vho have made outstanding contr j.buLions to 
I the public service., at a Public Service 
'Dinner; held ai:- the Parker House on Tues- 
Idajf November 27o The award vras of partlc- 
' rJLar significance as it was the second 
consecutive year that the Library has been 
'so honoredc In Mr Heintzelman ' s absence 
! abroad lir Leva accepted the award and 
I citation on L'.s behalf. The citation reads: 

' "In recognition of outstanding service 
; rendered -^.o the City of Boston this Public 
I Se:.'viee award is hereby presented to Arthur 
W,-, Heintzelman, Keeper of Prints, Library 
i Departmen b o 

i "Keeper of Prints of the distinguished 
I Albert H, Y/iggin Collection, he has brought 
^national and international prestige to the 
j Libra:: y and to the City. He was recently 
invited by the French Governmert to arrange 
I f -r an importan'''^ ex'^hange exhibj.tion of 
French prints to be shown in the United 
States in 1952.- Renovmed as an etcher, his 
artistic achievem.enr. is represented in the 
colle'^tions of the Metropolitan Museum of 
Art in New York, the Library of Congress 
and the Corcoran Gallery of Art; in Washing- 
ton, tlie British Mnseum in London, and the 
Bi.blictheque Nationale in Paris.. He has 
jV'.st been accorded "ohe honor of a 'one-man' 
show at the Boston Museum of Fine Arts, 
As an advisor to the student, critic to the 
ccllector, and interpreter to the layman 
he has made the Priiit Department of the 
Boston P\.blic Library a vital force in the 
art life of the cor^iiDnityo" 




Miss Alice E. Hackett, Cataloging and 
Classification Department, Division of 
Reference and Research Services, after a 
long illness, 


Miss Beatrice H, Flanagan, School Issue 

Miss Katherine J, Gorham, Cataloging and 
Classification Department, Division of 
Reference and Research Services o 

Miss Rosalyn S, Warner, Roslindale 
Branch Library. 



Friends of Jliss Eva J. Anttonon, former 
Children's Librarian in the East Boston 
Branch Library and for several years with ^ 
the Benjamin Franklin Library, Mexico City,| 
v?ill be interested to hef.r of her marriage | 
on November 22, to Dr Luis Ceret. For I 
those who will wish to send their good I 
wishes her address is, 125 Arboleda, Lomas j 
de Chapultepec, Mexico City, I 

! concerning the system. 

I Miss Elizabeth M. Gordon, Deputy Super- 
; vis or in Charge of Work with Children, 
ireviewed a page of Christmas gift books for 
'children in the Boston Sunday Globe of 
iDecember 2, 195l<. 

I A feature article entitled Boston - 
I Pioneer in Public Libraries by Miss Eliza- 
ibeth B. Boudreau was published in Panorama 
'Magazine for December 3o 


The B.P.L.?.S.Ao CARE scrapbook was 
featured by Lindy Miller and Helen McCann 
of the Elm Farm program on TOZ-TV Wednesday, 
November 28» Reporting on the work of CARE 
in Europe, Francis X, Mayers, Chief of 
Missions for the American and French zones 
of Germany for the past three years, read 
letters from the scrapbook to illustrate the 
gratitude of those who have received CARE 
gifts e 

Miss Elizabeth C. Hershey, formerly of 
the Personnel Office, is engaged to Ben 
Vfatson Melvin, Jr., of Seaford, Delaware, 



I On Friday, December 7, at 12:U5 p»ni«, 
'Bill Hahn interviewed Miss Edith W. Fisher 
iof Cambridge over Station ¥mAC-TV. Miss 
iFisher showed some of the creches which she 
jhas loaned to the Library for exhibition 
jin the Ifain Lobby and in the Puvis de 
iChavannes Gallery from December 10 through 
I January 2» 

On Wednesday evening, December 12th, at 
:30 p.m. over Station VVOM there was a 

It has just come to our attention that 
A Library Classification System for the j 
Literature of Industrial Hygiene and i 
Allied Subjects , prepared by Miss Loraine | 
A, Sullivan, Chief, Science and Technology i 
Department, Boston Public Library, in I 

collaboration with W.CL. Hemeon, Engineer-tRound Table discussion on a "Design for 
ing Director, Industrial Hygiene Foundatiorijewish Reading". The participants on the 
Mellon Institute, Pittsburgh, was publish- i panel were Miss Esther Rudy, author of 
ed by the Foundation in February, 1951. | "A Design for Living"; Rabbi Joseph tfercus. 
The system has been used since its originalj Librarian of the Hebrew Teachers' College, 
composition in 1936 for the filing of i author and poet; T^lr Harry Ho Fein, well- 
technical literature received in the Office; known Boston author and translator, whose 
of the Industrial Hygiene Foundation, Its; latest books is "Light Through the Mist"; 
use over the years has resulted in some land Dr Harry Zohn, instructor of German at 
changes which are incorporated in the pre- j Brandeis University, an authority on German 
sent publication, which has been issued in | literature and especially Stefan Zweig, 
response to many requests for information ; The moderator was Miss Fanny Goldstein, 


On Sunday, Decomber l6, at 1:00 p.m., 
over Station TCEI, there was a Round Table 
discussion on "Snrae Recent Je'.Trish Books". 
The participants on the panel wero Mr 
Lee M, Friedman, vell-knovm Boston author, 
whose latest book is"Pilgriras in a New 
Land", and President of the Board of Trus- 
tees of the Bostan Public Library; Prof, 
Oscar Handlin, author of "The Uprooted"; 
and Mr Joseph Gap.r, author of some fifteen 
books, the latest of which is "The Lore of 
the Old Testament". Miss Fanny Goldstein 
was the moderator* 

A feature story about llliss Fisher's 
collection of creches will appear in the 
Su nday Post during the month of December. 
Miss Fisher, it will be remembered, is a 
sister of the late Bessie E, Fisher, for 
many years First Assistant at Fellowes 
Athenaeum Branch Library, 


i All employees and friends of the Library 

;are cordially invited to attend a Christmas 

■dance to be held at Obert's Bungalow, 

1603 River Street. Mattapan, (3 minutes from 

'Utattapan Square,), on Saturday evening, 

] December 22, 195l<> 

j Refreshments -vd-ll be served througlTout 

:the evening and a dance band will provide 

! music for the occasion. The gala affair 

jwill begin at 8 o'clock, and continue 'til 

(twelve midnight, 

j A subscription of 5^1.50 per person, cr 

'>*^?2<,^0 per couple, is your passport to a 

'good timei 

i Tickets may be obtained from: 

John Bvirgholzer 
] Bill Davis Book Stack Service 
I Amby Flaherty Central Library 



A print of the exterior of the Central In view of the present eligibility of 

Library building appears on the cover of vcomen to ser-ze as jurors, it may be of in- 

the new Classified Telephone Directory iterest for merabers of the staff to know 

with an explanatory article on the inside iwl^at is done by the Library in case a mem- 

cover » This is the first time that the 
Telephone Company has used a picture of 
any Boston landmark, 



:bfer of the staff accepts ^r^vy d'roy. The 
em.ployee is paid the regular fee for his 
(Service as a juror (at last report this was 
'|>7.00 a day) and is not paid by the Library, 
.Recently a woman mai.iber of the library 
'Staff received a call from a police officer 
I who was chei'.king names of \Tomen residents 
'eligible for jury duty. In this particu- 
lar case the jury d^ty was expected to 
'continue for a thii.-'ty-day period, and the 

Mr Jfetthew C. Pottinger, Librarian of 
the Scottish Central Library. 

Miss Annelies Molkenthin, Public Library, individual was given the opportunity of 
Berlin-Kreuzberg, laecepcing or declining to have her name 

A group of students from the Division of put on the eligible list, 
Librarianship of the New York State Col- ! 
lege for Teachers, headed by Professor j 
Robert S, Burgess, Jr., Chairman of the i 
Divjsion, visited the Library on Friday, j 
De?pmber 7, 195l» The Division of Librar- ! 
i£-\;;h-l.p is an accredited Library School ! 
whL;;b, in the raaiji, trains librarians for j 
school libraries, I 





Word was received on December 3} of the 
death in action in Korea, of John H^ ., ,,._,„ ^ , 
Kelly,, former member of Book Stack Service! ^^^^^ "'^^ ^■^■'^" ^" ^°^> ^^^ Director., 
jfrori; 1QU7-I9a9, j 

I The Exchange Club of Boston, at its v;eek- 
[ly l-or.cheon on December 10^ made formal 
1 presentation of the Freedom Shrine to the 
; Boston Public Librr.-.y, The Shrir.e is a 
{nolle 'tj on of impov^ant a:id hisTiorical 
■docv;:i=". ■■'.s Copied from the orig:,'^.als and 
iperriV.'"''-ntly preser'.ed on plaques,. 
; Ac.ce; -..he gift on behalf of the Li- 


Also present from the Library were John J, 
Connolly, Assistant to the Director and 

Chief Executive Officer, Thomas J» Manning, intervening weeks 

Assistant in Charge of Exhibits, and 
Elizabeth B, Boudreau, Chief of the Infor- 
mation Office. 

Mr Jack Brown, City Greeter, represent- 
ed the Mayor in honoring Mr Lord at the 
luncheono Mr Brown mentioned the fact 
that visiting celebrities no longer are 
given the key to the City but are instead 
presented a brochure which includes 
etchings of important landmarks o In his 
presentation of the brochure to Mr Lord, 
Mr Brown said: "To a public spirited 
citizen, Mr Jlilton Lord, from Mayor HynesJ' 
Thus, Mr Lord technically possesses the 
"key" to the City. 


meeting and were then made available to the 
general public in the Adult Room for the 

The programs were as follows: 

October 10 . S ub joe t - Soviet Russia and 
the ViTorld Crisis. Speake r - Br Edward Ro 
Collier, Head, Social Science Department, 
Boston University. Film - Children of 

October l U. Sub.ject - Crisis in China 
Speaker - Prof:, Benjamin lo Schwartz, De- 



partment of History, Harvard University. 
Film - Farming in South Chinas. 

November llu Sub.ject - Japan and the 
Treaty, Spea L-or - Dr Toshio Tsukahira, 
Research Fellow, Russian Research; Harvard 
University. Film - Japan and Democracy. 

November ^HT ' Subject - Iran and Tiforld 
Oil. Speaker - Professor Charles P. 
Kindleberger, Department of Economics, 
M.I.T. Film - Struggle for Oilj 

The purpose of zne combined effort was to 
stimulate interest in world affairs and to 
supply information in the form of talks, 
i films, and printed material to help indi- 
viduals form opinions on world problems. 

The forums were an interesting and suc- 
cessful experiment in cooperative effort — 
I both from the view point of a branch library 
jcooperating with a community group, and 
from that of a branch library and the Office 
of the Deputy Supervisor in Charge of Work 

In the first 
instance good public relations are fostered 
and the nucleus of an enthusiastic audience 
assured, and in the latter case a much more 
ambitious program can be undertaken. 

The continued interest on the part of the 
over half of whom attended 

A series of four film forums was recent- 
ly concluded at the West Roxbury Branch 
Library. These programs were held on the 
second and fourth Wednesdays of October 
and November and were presented with the 
cooperation of the International Relations 

Committee of the West Roxbury Woman's Club^with Adults working together. 
They vie re planned with the help of Mrs 
Muriel Javelin, Deputy Supervisor in 
Charge of Work with Adults, who met ivlth 
the Branch Librarian and the Chairman of 
the Committee, in the spring, and suggest- 
ed various forms for the tentative progiamj participants 

It was decided to use the general subjectjall the meetings, and the individual satis- 
Behind World Headlines since any current faction as expressed by many indicated the 
material could be grouped under that as 'success of the program, 
the date for the meetings approached^ It j 
was next decided to choose four countries | 
that vrere focal points in the vrorld news, j 
Russia, China, Japan and Irano After pool4 
ing suggestions, the speakers for the j 
series were secured by Mrs Javelin and she 
advised on the selection of the films to 
oe ased, all of vihich came from the Li- i 
bx\"ry's ovm collection. 

Miss Louisa Metcalf, Reader's Adviser, 
compiled the reading lists vfhich were 
mimeographed for the series, one list for 
each subject, and helped to sec\ire the 
books from Branch Issue and Open Shelf De- 
partments to augment the Branch holdings 
of titles on the lists. The books vrere 
displayed and lists distributed at each 



That things are "really bad all around" 
is certainly apparent in the Library's new 
telephone listing. Of. all places, it is 
listed under City, of Boston - Law Depart- 
ment i 



I to be studied and discussed with book edi- 
tors aiad book reviewers of newspapers and 

Among the reports presented at the bus i- ^ periodicals, 
ness meeting of the Association held ^n j 3, Public relations, to be divided into 
November 23, was that of the Program Com- jthree parts: (a) Techniques of program 
mittee. In this report which was accspted I planning for community discussions, meet- 
there were four recommendations: One, lings, etc», (b) using, rather than compet- 
that the Program Committee plan two insteadjj_ng with modern mass communication media 
of three meetings each year, supplemented ^such as television, radio, pocket books, 
by outside tours to educational institu- jand (c) the library's role in community 
tions; two , that the May meeting be the jprojects. 

meeting omitted, particularly if the Hart- | [^^ Development of lists of literature of 
zell Lecture is to become an annual Spring i various subject fieldse 

event; three , that the Fall meeting be a 
lecture type with an outstanding speaker, 
and that this speaker be paid a nominal 
fee; four , that the Winter meeting bo a 
"mystery" entertainment which might be an 
informal program by staff members or per- 
haps even amotion picture and record con- 
cert followed by a longer social hour in 
which definite steps would be taken to 
introduce staff members to one another* 
The Committee also raised the question as 
to whether members would prefer to have 

So Discipline problems c 
6, How to cooperate with publishers to 
resist the spread of the second rate at the 
expense of the first rate in books, 

To Professional ethics, ivhich might be 
divided into supervisory problems and inter- 
staff relations* 

8» The library's role in promoting a 
developmental reading program for adults 
and children. 

9. A further study of fields already 
covered in past workshops. These were: 
the evening programs begin at 7:30 instead! (a) Use of audio-visual tools, (b) Work 
of 8:30, and suggested that the Concession |with young adults, (c) Development of book 
might be requested to serve a buffet suppernsts and their use, and (d) Use of period- 
from 6:00 to 7:00 o'clock for those who do |ical literature and picture collections, 
not wish to go home. j In conclusion the Committee made the 

The statistics appended to the report of if ollovdng suggestions and comments for con- 
the Planning Committee for the Library Isideration v*ien the Association is planning 
Workshop 19^1 indicate that 88 persons jfuture in-service training activities, 
participated, of whom U6 were from the BPL | 1, The Workshop is only one form of in- 
and U2 were from 18 outside libraries., The {service training and not necessarily the 
total expenses for the Workshop amounted jbest adapted to our needs. The views noted 

iprove that it is a valuable and construc- 
jtive experience to those who participate in 
at, but it should not be forgotten that it 
j requires a great deal of time and work on 
jthe part of planners and participants alike. 
j 2, Any decision on the part of the 
[Association to continue the program of in- 
whom hi answers were received. Thirty-nir^service training, vihether it be in the form 
were in favor of the workshop as a type of jof a workshop or some other form, should be 
in-service training and only one person laccompanied by a full sense of the responsi- 
answered definitely in the negative, Sug- jbility involved and the participation of 
gestions for fields to be covered if an- {the individual members not only in the de- 
other workshop vrere to be offered includ- Icision but in the carrying through of that 
ed: jdecision, 

1, How can public libraries more ade- 1 3, If another workshop is planned, we 
quately meet the needs of the public with |suggest that it be built aroxmd the spe^ 
all types of educational materials such as cific problems of small groups composed of 
books, pamphlets, sources of information, |iadividuals of similar work background and 
etc., and how can libraries make this ser- jexperience. We also suggest that there be 

to $86,68 and the total receipts wer«>. 
$168, 1;0 which made it possible for the 
Workshop Committee to turn over to the 
Treasurer a balance of $81,72 for the 
Association. The report itself was an 
evaluation based on the questionnaire 
which was sent to all participants from 

vice to the public more adequately knoivno 

2, Book reviewing from the point of 
view of the special needs of librarians, 

a preliminary briefing of the leaders in 
the aims and goals of the workshop. The 
experience of the 1951 Workshop definitely 


points to these two fictors as necessary | Treasurer 

requisite for success. iS* Louis Polishookj Science and Technology 

This exceptionally fine report is a sub- j Department - Patent Room, 
stantial contribution to the future vrork | Miss Dorothy P. Shaw, Periodical and 
of the Association and any interested raem- i Newspaper Dop^ortraent. 
bers may borrcv; a copy of the complete re- | 
port from Mss Edith M, Sliney, Correspond-J-CorrespondinR St^oretary 

IJiss Ao Genruds Barry, Personnel Office, 
Miss Edith I'i, Sliney, Office of Records, 
Files,. Statistics 

ing Secretaryj in the Office of Records, 
Files. Statisticso 

Ti/To items have been referred to the Con- 
stitution Gomirittee for possible changes 

in the Constitution and By-Laws in prepara- Recording Secretary 
tion for voting at the Annual Meeting i}i 
January 1952- One is in regard to ArTlcl_e 
III , Se ction 1 of th e By-La7js .-. NomJnatio:-^S( 
Paragra ph 

tion of a candidate by submitting a letter 

and does not place a time limit for sub- I Exocut -iye P oa rd (Two to be chosen) 
mitting the letter- The other item is thaT[~M^J.~K~i-jnev,h Co Bcirnss'. Periodical and 
of. dues under Ar ticle III of th;j^CoTjst.i.ti.i- 

Miss Priyllis E,- Adams ^ Book Stack Service 
Mr 'Yilliam Re Lewj.s, History Department 

Miss Helen Ho Savakian^ Inforiftation 

This provides for i.he nomina-J-Officev,- 

The matter was discussed at. len^jchr 

and it was decided to conduct a poll to 
ascertain the feeling of the membership as 
to raioii-'g the dues to act as a guide to 
the Constitution Committee in wording the 
change for the ballot j 

The Auditing Comraittfje has been selected 
for this year and ?fill bo composed of Jtr 
Louis Piaines^ Chairman, Mary Co 
RobbinSy, and Mr Louis Polishuokc 

Instructions will be forwarded with the 
ballots in January for the return of ab- 
sentee ballots Just a word of warning at 
this time - please read and follow care- 
fully in order that all ballots may be 
counted and non disqualified. 




Newspaper Departneuit-, 

Mr Edward Xv Casey, Cataloging and Classi- 
fication Department, Division of Reference 
and Research Se?rvioeis.- 
. Miss fery F- Daly, Statistical Department. 

Mrs Margaret ¥» Haverty, Jamaica Plain 
Bran'.h Library, 

Miss Evelyn Levy^. Jeffries Point Branch 
Library ,> 

Miss Gladys R. Vifhite, Mount Pleasant 
Branch Library^ 


The Boston Public Library Employees Bene- 
fit Association will celebrate its Fiftieth 
Anniversary at a dinner and dance at the 
Hotel Somerset on Thursday evening. May l5, 
195^2, it was announ.ced today by Mr Albert 
Carpenter, President of the association. 

The Entertainment Committee, under the 
chairriHuship of Miss Helfcn Es Colgan, has 
already laid the grounj^work for the banquet 

Mrs Veronica M. Lehane, Memorial Branch j-^irhich yrill be an ir,pcrtant library affair 

Library, ^ ". elebratxr^g riot only the Golden Anniversary 

Mr Eamon E. IfcDonough, General Reference j ©f the Employees Benefit Assoc-.ation but 

Depart.ment = Pauline A» V.'alker, V/est Roxbury 
Branch Library 

Vice' Pre-sident 

liLr Gerald Lo Ball, Book Purchasing De- 

Mrs Julia Planning Gurnett, Rare Book 
Deyr>artment . 

llr Leonard J. Macmillan, Book Purchasing 
Department o 

also' the ad'ver.t of the Centeiiiiial Anniver- 
sary of the Boston Pi.iblic Lj.craryo 

An early anrio'ii'-cemen" is bsirig made to 
enable the staff to reserve May li|, 1902 
for the Employees Benefit Association 

Helen E, Colgan 




The Editor's kind request that I write | 
an article about my trip to Europe puts me 
in a quandary* I spent over eight weeks 
abroad - five in England and Scotland, and 
the rest in France - and I vras on the go 
all the timeo Apart from a week each in 
London and Paris, I hardly ever stayed 
more than two days in the same place. If 
I were to tell about everything I saw, it 
would fill the vjiiole issue - Virhich would 
not be right, I do not wish to crowd out 
a single contribution to the "Soap Box". 

Obviously, I have to make a choiceo I 
visited castles and cathedrals, dined in 
old inns and sat in modern cafes, mixed 
vdth crowds and walked in quiet parks - I 
travelled by trains, boats, and buses, and 
on a few occasions even took a taxi. Which 
of these things would interest readers 
most? I almost forgot to mention the li- 
braries. Of course, this is what they are 
most impatient to hear about. I shall 
speak, therefore, to the exclusion of everjfc 
thing else, about the libraries I visited. 

But my difficultiea are not over* For I 
visited not only many libraries but a good 
many varieties of them - public libraries, 
great and small; college libraries; private 
libraries in chateaux; the libraries of 
the great cathedrals; the shops of rare 
book dealers; and the stalls of the 
bouquinistes along the Seines It would be 
easier to concentrate on one or two of 
them, but I shall be discursive; after all 
I have been on a trip, 

I begin with the library of Salisbury 
Cathedral, The Verger directed me to 
Chancellor Dimont. (I found out later that 
of the resident canons, either the Dean or 
the Chancellor served everywhere as li- 
brarian.) It was late afternoon, and I 
went to see the Canon in his charming 
seventeenth-century house, to make an ap- 
pointment for the following morningo The 
library, in a corner of the Cloister, is 
kept in excellent order by an old lady 
cataloguer. The exhibition cases contain 
many illuminated manuscripts; a huge thir- 
teenth-century missal among them. Their 
famous Anglo-Saxon liturgy, however, had 
been sent to London for the Festival of 
Britain exhibit at the British Museumo 
But the chief treasure of the library is 
one of the four original copies of the 
Magna Carta, Chancellor Dimont is an 
active member of the Alcuin Society; and I 
promised him to make certain the BPL has 

all their important publications. 

At Peterborough I had only one afternoon 
to spendo I had already seen Gloucester, 
Norwich, and Ely, but Peterborough was still 
a surprise. The English cathedrals are 
amazing mixtures, embodying all the styles 
of medieval architecture, Gothic churches 
often have Norman fronts, and Norman churcheg 
Gothic fronts. The latter is the case with 
Peterborough, ivith its enormous West facade 
built in the thirteenth centuryo Over the 
Galilee Porch there is even a loggia added 
in the fifteenthi I was looking at it from 
the Gate (outside the book-store housed 
under eleventh-century vaults), when an old 
gentleman stopped. The loggia, he told me, 
was the library, fitted out from money 
given by one of the parishioners as a mem- 
orial for a son killed in the first World 
War, The g entleman turned out to be the 
Dean; and, since I had only an hour left, 
he hurried for the keys» One cannot 
examine books while thinking of catching a 
train, but I particularly remember some of 
their early English law books o No great 
crowds ever enter this library. The circu- 
lar stairway, so narrow that even a single 
person has to tread carefully, would dis- 
courage people even if the cases were 
stacked with best-sellerso 

The library of Lincoln Cathedral, rebuilt 
by Christopher Wren, has a serenity which 
lingers in one's mind. Canon Mlford was 
my guide there. We met at the south porch 
of the Cathedral, as I was gazing at the 
statues of Edward I and his two wives. 
Queen Eleanor and Queen Margaret. Queen 
Margaret's is one of the most beautiful 
medieval statues; unfortunately, some skep- 
tics have suggested that the head dates 
from the eighteenth century. "I hope you 
believe that it is genuine," the Canon 
said, adding with a twinkle in his eyes, 
"This is an article of faith with us," I 
saw several Caxtons in the library, a 
second edition of the Golden Legend among 
themj I could not help informing the 
Canon that we had the first editions But 
their most important possession - for an 
American, at any rate - is the broadside 
"The Ten Capital Laws of New England," 
printed in London in l6h3, one of the two 
existing copies. 

There is nothing in England to compare 
with the transept of York ?Iinster, Stand- 
ing under the lantern, I was lost in admir- 
ation of the "Five Sisters", the most mag- 
nificent grisaille windows in the world. 
Canon Harrison met me there after Mass, and 


we went over to the library # Some years 
ago many of the rarest manuscripts and 
early printed books of the Cathedral were 
sold, through Dr. Rosenbach, to the Hunt- 
ington Library in California, (The Canon 
still remembers with relish the dinner at 
the Savoy which the Doctor gave in his 
honor.) However, there are still some 
very good books in their chests - among 
them an eighth-century gospel, which may 
have been there since the time Alcuin was 
Bishop cf York, But Canon Harrison was 
particularly proud of their enormous col- 
lection of medieval records. Under a 
feeble lamp a young man was bending over a 
huge roll, doing research on the rents of 
thirteenth-century tenants in West Riding, 
for his doctoral dissertation at the 
London School cf Economics o I persuaded 
him to come out to the daylight for a 

Of all the Norman churches of England - 
and there is nothing like them in France - 
Durham is perhaps the most impressiveo 
The hill with its wooded slopes is a 
strangely romantic spot in a dull, indus- 
trial district; and the most romantic 
sight is the Cathedral itself, on top of 
the hill. The Lady's Chapel with its 
slender, late Norman columns has an unusual 
splendor. The library, housed in what was 
formerly the monks* dormitory, is undoubt- 
edly the richest cathedral library in 
England, Here there are still some Gospels 
from Lindisfarne, huge folios with large 
outline-drawings tinted with red and greenj 
the eyes of the stiff figures have an 
almost hypnotic stare. Durham was the 
home of St. Cuthbert; and everything re- 
minds one of himt the largo wall paint- 
ings, his many relics and vestments, ar*d 
his wooden coffin. 

At Oxforti, I naturally went to the 
Bodleian. Dr. Huntley, the Acting Librar- 
ian, showed me around, explaining their 
ingenious system whereby the books are 
carried by an underground pneumatic tube 
from the new Bodleian into the old, the 
whole operation taking a mere seven 
minutes. The new Bodleian Library, viewed 
somewhat critically by many visitors, is 
hardly more than a store-house; and, con- 
sidering the limitations of space and pur- 
pose. Sir Giles Scott, the architect, 
could have done no better. There are only 
a few exhibition and reference rooms on 
ground floor; everything above and below - 
and there are some dozen floors in all - 
is stacks. The old Bodleian has been 

largely emptied of books and the halls have 
been converted into reading rooms. But 
Duke H\imphrey*s library ori the top floor is 
intact - and as badly lighted as ever. I 
strained my eyes over some superb twelfth- 
century manuscripts; and later saw some of 
the incunabulae, thousands of which are 
lined up on the sixth floor below, 

I sat for a while under the dome of the 
Radcliffe Camera, and chatted with the stu- 
dents on the steps outside. Of the college 
libraries, I first visited that of Merton, 
the oldest library in Englando Here the 
chains on mar.y of the volumes looked quite 
natural, I spent a delightful hour in that 
same room twenty-five years ago - a long 
time for me, but not for Merton, built in 
the fourteenth century. 

At Cambridge^ my first visit was to th« 
library of Ennianuel College - the school of 
John Harvard, and of the Puritan divines 
who came to New England. I saw Pepys ' li- 
brary across the river at Magdalene College, 
including the cipher manuscript of the 
Diaryo The Wren library at St. John's Col- 
lege was cl .sed, but the building is 
beautif\il even from the outside; and the 
walk along the River Cam and over the Bridge 
of Sighs - in the famous "backs" - makes 
one realize why most people prefer Cam- 
bridge to Oxford. 

The new university library at Cambridge, 
also the work of Sir Giles Scott, is a re- 
markable structure. Dr. Keswick, the Li- 
brarian, handed me over to Mr, Oates, the 
Keeper of Rare Books, who was just arrang- 
ing a Renaissance exhibit. It was a 
pleasure to see how many of their items we 
had; but the main treat was seeing the 
Caxtons, the most complete collection in 
existence. From wooden shelves behind his 
desk, Mr. Oates pulled some of the most 
valuable bcoks in the world. 

I shall not say anything about my after- 
noon at the British Museum, and the hour or 
two spent at the Records Office. Nor can I 
say much of the National Library at Edin- 
burgh, or even of the public library - the 
most authentic of all the Carnegie libraries, 
I pass over ray visits at the London book 
dealers, at Maggs ' in Berkeley Square, 
Quaritch's in Grafton Street, Robinson's in 
Pall Jfell, Goldschmidt's in Bond Street, 
etc. I was anxious to know what they had; 
and I saw some very beautiful volumes in 
ths their stores. But it is tantalizing to see 
books, when you know you don't have the 
money to buy. 

But I have to speak of my stay in Boston - 


I mean Boston, Lincolnshire. It is a 
happy little tovm, and the River Witham 
with the enormous warehouses on both sides 
is very picturesque. The "Boston Stump" 
catches the eye at once. It is a magnifi- 
cent tower, light and graceful in spite of 
its tremendous height, its octagonal lan- 
tern visible from many miles. St. Tfery's 
Guildhall, where the Pilgrim Fathers were 
tried and jailed, is a really fascinating 
place. At supper at the IVhite Hart near 
the bridge I asked for baked beans, but 
the waitress did not know what I was talk- 
ing about. It wan the evening before mar- 
ket day, and in the Pub people were stand- 
ing in a double row before the bar© A 
townsman told me all about the condition of 
the countryside. The farmers of Lincoln- 
shire have been prosperous for generations 
ever since the draining of the fens; and 
the merchants do a thriving business ex- 
changing grain for timber vdth the Scandi- 
navian countries. 

The following day I went to the public 
library, which is housed in the city hallo 
The rooms are spacious, but the books 
seemed few. It was the newspaper room 
which impressed me most] some of its 
patrons looked like cousins of those here. 
Mr. Scott, one of the city councillors, 
kindly offered to take me around. We 
drove to the mouth of the river, to the 
spot from which the Pilgrims are supposed 
to have embarked in l607» Then we visited 
the dry-docks, and finally the Church of 
St, Botolph, ^'vhere John Cotton was vicar 
for twenty years before coming to America. 
We climbed upstairs to see the library, I 
took a little tract off the shelf and it 
was by John Cotton; another, and it was a 
Mayhew. For a minute, I had the feeling 
of being back in the BPL, in one of the 
alcoves of the Prince Collection. Mr. 
Scott is a Norfolk man, who has lived for 
twenty-five years in Boston, "Of course, 
that's nothing here," he said, "One's 
family has to have been here at least two 
hundred years, for one to become a j 
Bostonian." This too had a familar ring. 

Dear Editor, the allotted four sheets, 
tjrped double-spaced, are long passed, and 
I have not said a word yet about the 
French libraries, I have to stop my ac- 
count altogether, or to continue it in the 
next issue. 

Zoltan Haras zti 


On Friday, December 7, at three o^clock, 
the Tyler Street Reading Room at the comer 
of Oak and Tyler Streets, was officially 

The Tyler Street Branch Library, which 
had served that section of the city for 
many years, was closed in 1938 as an econ- 
omy measure. While the years passed, the 
need for some type of library service in 
the district continued to grow. The open- 
ing of the building as a Reading Room on 
Friday vras the result of many months of 
careful planning on the part of civic-minded 
citizens and library personnel. 

The rooms have been completely renovated 
and present a very attractive appearance. 
iThe adult room is furnished in modern club 
room style, with chairs and sofas uphol- 
stered in gaily-colored plastic, blond 
mahogany informal tables, and attractive 
floor lamps placed strategically for re- 
laxed reading. The Children's Room is also 
pleasing in appearance and furnished to 
meet the needs of young adults and smaller 

The rooms were made especially attractive 
for the opening ceremonies with cut flowers 
and Christmas decorations artistically 
arranged. After a few introductory remarks 
by Jtr Milton E, Lord, Director of the 
Boston Public Library, I'fr Lee M, Friedman, 
President of the Board of Trustees, spoke 
briefly on behalf of the Library and intro- 
duced His Honor, Mayor John B. Hynes, who 
paid high tribute to the library service in 
the City of Boston and said that he hoped 
it would be his privilege and pleasure to 
perform several similar library dedication 
services during the next four years. Jlir 
George T. Lanigan, Councilman of the dis- 
trict, welcomed the new Reading Room and 
its staff and paid tribute to the library's 
contribution to the development and welfare 
of his constituents. 

At the conclusion of these official cere- 
monies, an informal reception gave an op- 
portunity for residents of the district and 
library personnel to become acquainted. 
Branch Librarians and their friends were 
responsible for the punch and cookies which 
added to the pleasure of the occasion. 

The Boston Public Library Professional 
Staff Association extends greetings and best 
wishes to the newest member of the Division 
of Home Reading and Community Services. 

E.G. P. 




____ ^ 

The Program Committee reported at the 
recent Business Meeting of the Association 1 
that considerable progress had been made 
on the episodic skit on the growth and pro- 
gress of the Boston Public Library which is 
to be presented in February as a prelude tc 
the Centenary, Several planning meetings 
have been held, A questionnaire was sent 
to each staff representative asking for 
names of staff members who could help with 
the skit, %ny volunteered their services 
and will be called upon soon. Miss Chris- 
tine Hayes and Miss Bessie Doherty, have 
been "forking on the script. Committees 
will be appointed before the end of the 
year and rehearsal Y/ill begin before the 
early part of Janus ry. 



Bauer, Harry C, 

The Pacific Northwest Bibliographic 


Seattle, Washington, University of 

Washington, 1950, 

Iowa, State College of Agriculture and 
Mechanic Arts a Ames Library o 

Library instruction manuals 2d ed, 

Ames, 19$0, 

Jamieson, John A, 

Books for the Array, The Army Library 

Service in the Second World War, 

New York, Columbia University Press, 1950. 

Pittsburgh© Carnegie Library, 

Stories to tell to children; a selected 

Pittsburgh; Carnegie Library of Pitts- 
burgh, 1956. 

U,S, Library of Congress-, Rare Book s 

Divi?:i oTir 

A ^'j-^ de tc It:-: collections anf. wervic-es^ 
Wa3h;...agtcn 'J.S,, Go^rf,, Priiv.- Off.,,, 1950, 

Yale University, Lioraryo 
, Stafi' manual ^ 
New Haven, 19U9o 


Columbia University, 

School of Library 

Exhibits Office 

Sample catalog cards for use in connec- 
tion with courses in technical service 
in libraries, 2d ed. 
New York, 1951. 

Cooperative Committee on Library Building 

Plans . 

The Michigan conference j a meeting held 
at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, 
Michigan, December 2 & 3, 19U9» 
Ann Arbor, 1950«, 

Daniel, Charles 

Bookshelving in the high school libraryo 
Urbana, Illinois, Uni"l^ersity of Illinois 
Library School, 19i|9, 

At the request of one of the descendants 
of J, G, Low, the tile exhibition which 
was on display in the Puvis de Chavannes 
and Sargent Galleries during the month of 
November is being sent to the Utica Public 
Library for exhibition there. 

The "How to Make and Repair a Violin" 
exhibition, which was displayed in the 
Central Library and in several of the 
Branch Libraries has been requested by the 
Brookline Public Library for exhibition 
early in December, 

Fine Arts Department 

Last year a Christmas television program 
featured various editions of 'Twas the 

Enoch Pratt Free Library, Baltimore 
Reference books, 2d ed 

Night Before Christmas , which vfere on ex- 
hibition in the Central Library, Remember- 
ing the success of the program, Paul Keyes, 
Program Director of Station WNAC-TV, has 
Baltimore, Enoch Pratt Free Library, 1953^ requested the loan of the "best" edition 

to be used to illustrate a recitation by a 
your.gster from Quincyo Miss Prlscilla 
McFadden, Chief of the Fine Arts -Department, 
who owns the collection, has generously 
agreed to the idea, Mr Keyes will make 

Illinois University, Library School , 
The teaching of cataloging and classifi- 
cation at the University of Illinois 
Library School, by Kathryn Luther, 
Urbana, 19li9. 


hia selection next week and the program j^^ ^°PP ^^^ presented with a beautiful 
will be televised at 12!U5 p.m. on Christ- i silver compote by her former associates. 

mas Day. 

In turn, she surprised each member of the 
staff with a framed water color that she 
had painted. Since her posters and art 
displays have been enjoyed so much by pub- 
lic and staff alike at East Boston, these 
personal mementos brought particular 
pleasure and appreciation to the recipients < 

North End 

Rare Book Department 

On the desk of the Curator of Americana, 
there is a small figure of St© Anthony 
with the Infant in his arms. It is a 
beautiful little statue, but St. Anthony 
is not there for artistic reasons alone j 
he ser"<r8s a very useful purpose. It seems j 

that when an abstruse question is plaguing i At the meeting of the nexYly-formed boy's 
the staff, or a possession of the depart- jclub known as the Bolos (Book Lovers ) to be 
ment is not readily found, St Anthony is jheld on Wednesday, January 23, at 6730 p.m., 
invoked, and generally comes to the rescue sjlir Frank Alfe tTtll be the guest speaker. 

But this is not all. This is not the JFx Alfc, a junior in the School of Business 
original St, Anthorjf, In the days when Administration at Boston College, will talk 
Miss Elizabeth Adams worked in the depart- jabout and show photographs of his trips to 
ment there was another St Anthony, His |the il/hite Mountains, This event will be 
prowess vras so remarkable that when Miss jthe second in a series of lectures based on 
Adams left to go to the State Department jthe club's theme of Human and Physical 
in Washington, D,C,, she took the statue Geography , 
with her and has it "working" for her I 
there, ■!'<-. 

It was Mr Chevalier, former Chief of the , 
Catalogue Department, who first taught the j Washington Village 
Rare Book staff to call upon the Saint for 
help in recovering misplaced books. He 
carried several little lead figures of ' 
St Anthony in his pocket and would lend 
one on occasion. Lost personal property, 
too, has been found, I.Kss Adams recovered | 
a ring which had been lost for over a year^ 


A small boy was being shushed by his 
mother. The three-year-old looked up sol- 
emnly at her and said, "I'Jhy should I shush- 
I don't see God here," 

anf*. last year the diamond hoop TA-cdding ring Young lad to Assistant: "Will you pick 

belonging to author Henrietta Buckmaster 
was discovered where she had left it in a 
folder of the Chamberlain Collection, An 
extra assistant contributed the following 

Saint Anthony, Saint Anthony, 

Get up and turn aroundj 

Something is lost 

And has to be found* 


East Boston 

Miss Dorothy Nourse, Branch Librarian, 
was hostess at a delightful luncheon as 
members of her staff gathered to honor 
Mrs Helen Popp on the occasion of her 
transfer to the Brighton Branch Libraryo 

lout a novel for an elderly girl of 23?" 

The children's room being overcrowded, 
la boy walked up to the children's librarian 
'and said, "How about reserving a table for 
tomorrow night?" 

A little girl asked the children's librar- 
ian if she were a girl, a mother, or a lady. 
The reply was, "Well, everybody tries to be 
a lady," The little^ girl made a quick de- 
cision, "You're a girl, then," 

As a little boy vjas heading for the staff 
room, an assistant stopped him and ex- 
I plained that it wasn't for the public. 
"But I'm not the public," was the retort, 
"I'm St. Augustine's," 


West End 

An audience of nearly 200 gathered iu 
the Library on December 1, to hear two 
distinguished Jewish authors, as part of 
the observance of Jeiuish Book Month » I/tr 
Herbert B, Ehrmann, a member of the origi- 
nal Jewish Book Week Committee of Boston, 
was the chairman. Miss Fanny Goldstein, 
Branch Librarian, as hostess, extended 
greetings on behalf of the Boston Public 

Later the boys and girls had an opportiinity 
to talk personally with the two guests, and 
then the group adjourned to the Children's 
Room where Miss Strachan helped in the 
selection of books of Poetry. 

I During Book Yfeek two schools in the West 

I End district particpated in an essay con- 

itest, the subject of which was "Why I Like 

Library, Rabbi Harold Kastle, educational | the Library". Results were enlightening 

consultant, represented the Jewish Bureau 
of Education, I.Ir Stanley P. Salman, vice- 
president of Little, Brown & Coo told the 
inside story of publication. Professor 
Oscar Handlin, author of "The Uprooted", 
one of the two authors honored, spoke on 
"Putting People into Historyo" He dis- 
cussed the various methods used by well- 
known historians of the past. !*&* Joseph 
Gaer, whose "Lore of the Old Testament" is 
the first book of its kind to be published 
in English, revealed the variety of sources 
where legends, anecdotes and tales inter- 
preting The Book of Books may be found. 

After the formal part of the program was 
concluded, the guests had an opportunity 
to "Meet the Authors" informally, and to 

and gratifying, with many compliments on 
service rendered and remarks about the 
"Nice Librarians" o However, there was one 
amusing bit of misinformation, based no 
doubt on the sad experience of many past 
fines. One child wrote that the Library 
provided many wonderful books, "and you 
only have to pay a cent a day for each book 
you take out," 

A meeting of the Boston Theological Li- 
brarians was held at the Library on Tuesday 
evening^ December 11, This was the first 
I time that many members of this group had had 
occasion to visit the building. After the 

examine the various exhibits which were [regular meeting. Miss Goldstein and the '• 
especially arranged for Je\ Book Monthjj] members of her staff emphasized the beauties 

on the works of both Dr Handlin and l!ir 
Gaer, books on Isreal and the approaching 
season, and on Stefan Zweig, as well as a 
general exhibit of the latest books of ■" 
Jewish interest. Exhibits will remain on 
display throughout the month of December, 

A tea and coffee hour followed. The 
hostesses were Mmes, Samuel Eo Angoff, 
Herbert B, Ehrmann, Oscar Handlin, R, 
Duncan Luce, Leon S, Medalia and Abraham 

Children's Book Week festivities were 
climaxed with a "Meet the Author" morning 
on Saturday, November 17, when a large 
group of children gathered to see and hear 
"real live authors". Miss Jlarjorie Hayes, 
author of many children's books including 
The Little House of YTieels and Green 
Peace and Miss Pearl Strachan, well-known 
3oet, formerly of the Christian Science 
'^fonitor. T<Iiss Hayes read one of her pic- 
ture books and told a story from Robin on 
the River , and Miss Strachan read in her 
delightful fashion a niimber of poems. 

and special features of this library, and 
served refreshments to the guests. 



Any contribution to the Soap Box must be 
accompanied by the full name of the Asso- 
ciation member submitting it, together 
with the name of the Branch Library, 
Department, or Office in which he or she 
is employed. The name is withheld from 
publications, or a pen name used, if the 
contributor so requests. Anonymous con- 
tributions are not given consideration. 
The author of the article is knovm only to 
the contributor and to the Editor-in-Chief o 
The contents of articles appearing in the 
Soap Box are personal opinions expressed 

by individual Association members and their 
appearance does not necessarily indicate 
that the Publications Committee and the 
Association are in agreement with the views 
expressed^ . 


Congratulations to j 
The Exhibits Office on the beautiful 

Christmas display on exhibition in the | 
Main Lobby. The famxljar creches loaned by. 

Miss Edith W, Fisher are further enhanced i 

by the superbly executed backgrounds by I 
Mr George Scully, Exhibits Office. Scenes 
from the biblical story, painted viith an 

air brush on pyrolin, give the effect of i 

stained glass and the rich, jewel-like | 

tones lend warmth and color to the entire j 

Lobby. I 


For the Soap Box 

The Library grapevine reports that the 
rejuvenated Tyler Street Reading Room is a 
little sister to Adams Street Branch Li- 
brary in its homey furnishings and modern 
decor. It also is buzzing enthusiastically 
over the official opening last Friday when 
the Director, the feyor and the Trustees 
dedicated it with simple, friendly cere- 
monies. But rumor doesn't state the 
source of the funds for the refreshments, j 
Are they from the Trustees, city funds, or| 
did they just grow like Topsy? 


Dear "Soap Box" Editort 

While the male portion of the Li- 
brary's staff frequently invades the 
Women's Lounge to join in festivities 
planned for special occasions, it seldom 
happens that the female portion has an 
opportunity to inspect the "suite" 
assigned to the men in Stack I, 

Quite by chance, I happened to pass the 
men's quarters (on my way from the Publi- 
cations Storeroom in the basement) at a 
time when the kitchen door was open. I 
was so surprised at what I saw v/ithin that 
my exclamations brought forth an invita- 
tion from the occupants of the moment to 
"come in and look around." V-Jha.t I saw is 
the inspiration for this word of congratu- 
lations to the Library Administration, the 
Buildings Department, the Men's House 
Committee and to whomever else has been 
involved in the responsibility of modern- 
izing and redecorating the men's quarters. 

Freshly painted walls and woodwork, tables 
and chairs with shiny chromium in evidence, 
red leather divani The two rooms are most 
worthy of viewing by all the female members 
of the staff, I wonder if the men have 
ever thought of reciprocating the occasion- 
al feminine hospitality and holding a 
"Ladies Day". 

S.M, Usher 

Dear Editor: 

Ik- Athanasius Smeed has suddenly come 
to the realization that although there is 
a record of his educational accomplishments 
and varied experience on file at the Per- 
sonnel Office, he is possessed of many 
talents \7hich he has asi yet kept hid be- 
neath his bushel. Consequently he presents 
the follov^ing memorandum, iTithout apologies 
to Sir Joseph Porter or Vf.S. Gilbert, as a 
codicil to his personnel record. 


At the age of three I did declaim 

lilTiich added to my family's fame. 

I gesticulated in a manner grand 

And my relatives all gave to me a great 

big hand. 
So, I think that such a talent qualifies me 
For a titular position in the library. 

In carpentry class I made a bench 

And my mother called me her little mensch. 

Though no one could sit on it 'cause the 

legs were weak 
Of my accomplishment I very often speak. 
So, I think, etc. 

At the age of fourteen I sang in the choir 
Though my voice was just as cracked as the 

bell in the spire. 
My E above high C sent cold chills up the 

And at funerals and ^reddings I'd especially 

shine . 
So, I think, etc. 

At the age of eighteen in a grocery store 

I packed pecks of potatoes by the dozen and 

I delivered all the orders to the wrong 

But my smiles of greeting brought school- 
girls such happiness. 

So, I think, etc. 


At the age of Ifcbnty-sne for CoogresB««- .This deslsion followed several years of 
Groat Inef^otiation the Trustees by represen- 

I addressed large gatherings to urge their tatives of staff organizations, first, of 
vote, the Boston Library Club, later of the Ll- 

I speechified with eloquence of such deyreeibrary Union, to have adopted Just such an 

He was returned to office by a plurality. 
So, I think, etc. 

As to my opinions you can plainly see 

They are as inoffensive as can possibly be<, assurance on the part of the Administration 

On most important issues I sit on the 

And I never beat my wife except in self- 

So, I think, etc. 

My Dear Fellow-members t 

Inasmuch as this is the season of 
peace towards men of good will, it is not 

my intention to stir up inter-necine strife^that no candidates in the service could 

Nor do I write in a spirit of levity or 
acrimony, I am merely writing to point 
out to the membership of our association 
an existing situation and to suggest a 
possible course of action. 

The recent appointment of a person not 
previously a member of the staff of our 
institution, nor even a member of our pro- 
fession, to a high titular position in 
this institution is a matter of no little 

administrative policy. 

It was assumed, perhaps erroneoxialy, by 
many thinking members of the staff that 
this statement of policy represented an 

that persons already in the service of iihe 
Library would be given an equal opportunity 
through the study of the qualifications and 
the filing of an apnlication to present 
themselves as eligible candidates for titu- 
lar positions. It was, of course, never 
intended at any time, either by those naking 
the suggestion, or by the Administration in 
accepting the suggestion, to stifle the 
growth of the instituticxi by absolutely 
refusing to introduce new blood into the 
staff, even at high levels, if it was found 

equal the proved abilities and talents of 
those candidates from outside the service* 
If, however, such an assurance can log- 
ically be inferred from the above notice 
and subsequent notices of titular vacancies, 
one must insist that it forms a sacred 
agreement between staff and institution. 
Inherent in every examination taken by every 
neophite, underlying every effort of the 
individual staff member to better his train- 
ing by study, to improve his work to a 

concern to us all. There is none among us 

•0 unfair as to question the wisdom of the j greater degree, is th© implicit promise, 
trustees' choice of person, nor so rash as | not of a guaranteed promotion for that 
to question their legal and moral right to individual, but at least, that, when pro- 

make such a decision, I, nyself , do not 
know enough concerning the gentleman 
appointed to form any kind of judgment as 
to his fitness to hold the position. Con- 
sequently, I am quite willing to believe 
that he was the finest choice that could 
be made, if those responsible, legally and 
morally, for naking the choice have been 
willing to vouch that such is the case. 

It is rather to the manner in which the 
appointment was made that we must turn our 
attention. On July 1, 19li6, the Director 
of the Library Issued the following notice: 

"By authorization of the Trustees, the 
Director will henceforth publish on Jan- 
uary 1 and July 1, in each year a list of 

motional opportunity presents itself, he 
will be given a "fair shake," 

Some there may be among the members of 
our association who may feel, "What is thia 
to me?" Who, «lnoa they had no aspiration 
to this particular position under discussiorv 
feel that it is none of their affair. Who, 
because of long association with the staff, 
are exceedingly aware and ultra-critical of 
the human failings of one or another of the 
persons who might ordinarily seem to be 
logical candidates for the promotion. To 
these, I commend the words of John Donne 
in his famous Devotion, "No man is an 
Hand, intire of it selfej every man is a 
peece of the Continent, a part of the main%" 

those vacancies in titular positions which iThe opportunity that is denied to one today, 
are officially recognized as in existence I may be denied to many or all tomorrow, 
as of those dates, and to which adequately Impossible? Let us concretize. Perhaps 
qualified individuals may be considered you are the lowly page constantly on your 
for appointment," feet all day handling books. Your work has 

has been exemplary. You have even tackled | To the Editor, 

the first few steps in the sub-prof essionr- In regard to the current enforcement of 
al examinations. You look to a slight pr&jthe fifteen-minute relief of a four-hour 
motion. Not a title. Merely a change of 'work period, it may be noted that the 
duties which would allow you a little more majority of the Central Library Personnel 

intellectual scope. But what happens? 
Someone is found outside the system who 
somehow fills the unannounced needs of the 
position you hoped for. 

Or again, you are engaged in children's 
work. You aspire to the title of Child- 
ren's Assistant. You have passed the 
examination in that field. You are sur-e 
that your training and experience are 
worthy of consideration. Yet tomorrow, a 
young lady from the children's department 
of a large bookstore enters the service at 

that point towards which you were strivingj Anywhere from five to ten minutes to have 

without the posting of a vacancy, without 
any previous mention of qualities sought. 

An institution such as this library is 
not a mere collection of self-seeking 
individualists. It is a staff, an organ-- 
iaed, cooperative staff working towards 
the common goal, the betterment of the 
library. If, once a merit system for pro- 
motion within the institution is adopted 
and cooperatively acceded to by the staff, 
the spirit and letter of that system can- 

spend their relief in the Concession, 

Apart from the surging throng i/vhich must 
be battled at the counter and the inability 
to obtain a seat, is the crux of the matter- 
the problem of getting vv'aited on. 

There is no way to correct this situation 
while the Concession remains able to handle 
only a fraction of the personnel, because 
of its minute quarters. 

It would seem that in a fifteen-minute 
period, approximately three or four minutes 
must be spent to arrive at the concession. 

your order filled, leaving a hasty few 
minutes which may be spent in an attempt 
at relaxation. How may one feel at all re- 
lieved? The difficulties of returning to 
work within the allotted time may well be 
diminished, should the Concession be prop- 
erly enlarged, allowing a little 'telief" 
on a relief period, instead of hurried in- 

It may seem appropriate at this time to 
question that since the Concession is so 

not be consciously violated without serious] affectionatly called the "Coffee Shop" why 

notl-iing has been done to make the coffee 
drinkable? Couldn't the committee be 
coaxed into at least making a suggestion to 
rectify this? 

damage, evident or latent, to the morale 
of the personnel of that institution, 

I would, therefore, suggest that it is 
incumbent on the Executive Board of our 
association to come to grips with the 
present situation. I think that there is 
more need for a Committee on the Objectives 
of the Boston Public Library Professional 
Staff Association, than there is for a 
Committee on the Objectives of the Library^ 
that there is morre need for a Committee oApainted men's suit in the Stack I which 

Dear "Soap Box" Editor: 

Last week I saw a newly-furnished and re- 

Personnel Morale than on Personnel Rating, 
I submit that in the present situation, 
the Executive Board, in accord vdth that 
clause in our constitution which urges us 
to look after the social welfare of the 
staff, should appoint a Committee on Per- 
sonnel and, then, contact the Trustees of 
the Library with a view towards obtaining 
authorization of that body for the atten- 
dance of said committee at Library board 
meetings where questions of personnel arise 
especially in the matter of promotional 
opportunities. Such authorization was re- 
quested years ago by the Boston Library 
Club and actually is in force in many of 
the major public libraries throughout the 

If ever our Association needed leadership 
now is the time. 


Eamon E. McDonough 

brought forth an expression of commendation. 

Today in the Women's Lounge in Stack II 
I have seen what calls forth anything but 
commendation. It was a large and ugly-look- 
ing hole burned out of the arm of one of 
the three luxuriously upholstered divans 
which have added so much beauty to the room. 
I am grateful that the hole was not allowed 
to reach such proportions that the entire 
divan was demolishedl 

In hope that similar incidents may be 
avoided in the future, a concrete sugges- 
tion is offered: 

That job order slips be made out in- 
structing the Library's carpenters to 
make five simple end tables to be placed 
at each end of the three divans (there is 
, already a table at the sixth end), and 
three low coffee tables to be placed one 
in front of each divan. 


While, when money is available, furniture 
may be bought in stores at high prices, I 
am confident that the Library's carpenters 
can make excellent tables at not too great 
a cost* Everyday experience shows that 
the expensive furniture is so consistently 
unappreciated by some that it is constantly 
abused by theme , 

If the tables are made, it will mean that] 
there will be within reach of each individ-f 
ual v^ho occupies any portion of a divan a 
table upon which to place ashtrayso I am 
loathe to believe that the Library employs 
assistants who are so weak that they would 
be unable to make the effort necessary to 
reach out and place ashes in trays on 
wooden tables instead of placing the trays 
and the ashes on upholstered furnitureJIJ 

3.M, Usher 

To the Soap Box: 

Is it too much to ask that tables be 
provided in the Lecture Hall during staff 
examination periods? Must we exhaust our- 
selves physically as well as mentally? 

One of the sufferers » 


On Friday, December lU, Open House was 
held from i 2 tintil 5 o.' clock. In a fes- 
tive Christmas setting, tea was served to 
approximately two hundred and fifty patrons 
of the library. The table was very color- 
ful, with a silver tea service at either 
end, a huge centerpiece of holly, flanked 
by tvro Christmas tree candelabra. The 
guests obviously enjoyed the opportunity 
to meet with the staff and neighborhood 
friends over the tea table, and to see on 
display many books suggested for Christmas 
gifts. Among the distinguished guests 
welcomed were two former librarians of 
Jamaica Plain Branch, Miss Katie F, 
Albert, v/ho retired in 1936, and Miss 
Rebecca E, Willis, who retired in 1950» 
The enthusiastic response of the public 
was extremely gratifying to the staff. We 
are looking forward to making this event 
an annual custom. 


Several people who volunteered last year 
for Predisaster Service have asked when 
•there will be an opportunity for them to 
serve, A check with the Registration of 
Volunteers Section at Civil Defense Head- 
quarters reveals that at the present time 
there is no work for these volunteers. As- 
surance was given, however, that the Library 
is on the list to be called upon v^rhenever 
there is need, 


On December U,5, and 6, The American Red 
Cross, Boston Metropolitan Chapter, held a 
Disaster Institute, each day's session being 
one and one-half hours in length. Inasmuch 
as Red Cross disaster work is very closely 
allied with that which would be done fol- 
lowing a war-caused disaster, the institute 
was considered to be an important part of 
the orientation of Civil Defense Disaster 
volunteers. The Library allowed time for 
the following to attend the first day's 
session: Coordinator of Civil Defense Pro- 
gram, Deputy Coordinators of Civil Defense 
Progra, the Nurse, Members of the Civil 
Defense Planning Committee, and those who 
have volunteered for Disaster Service and 
have been selected to be Deputy Chiefs of 
Counseling Teams - 26 persons in all. Of 
this number, 7 were unable to attend be- 
cause it was not possible to rearrange 

Mr Victor C, Passage, Assistant Director 
of Disaster Services, Eastern Area of the 
Red Cross, Alexandria, Virginia, and Mr 
Philip Bassett, Director of Disaster Ser- 
vice for the Boston Metropolitan Chapter of 
the Red Cross, conducted the institute. 
Following a film showing Red Cross workers 
in action immediately following an actual 
disaster, there was a description given of 
exactly how the Red Cross is set up to care 
for disaster victims, and of how Civil De- 
fense closely parallels that setup, 

Invitations vrere issued to this same 
group, to others who have volunteered for 
Disaster Service, and to those who complet- 
ed the First Aid course in the Spring of 
19^1, to attend a closed circuit television 
program on Friday morning, December II4., 
Originating in I'Vashington, the program was 
beamed directly to the Boston audience in 
the Pilgrim Theater on Washington Street, 
It attempted to show only one phase of 
Civil Defense - the care of the homeless 
immediately following a disaster. 


It stressed four points in mass care: 

(1) Analysis + survey + flexibility = 
Service ; 

(2) Other Civil Defense services + coordi- 
nation with welfare = Service j 

(3) Prepared -+ assembled staff = Service; 
(ii) Lodging space -+- planned lodging assign- 
ments = Service. 

After the twenty-minute TV presentation^ 
there was a panel discussion, with a panel 
of three experts in Washington, D,Co, who 
answered three questions put to them from 
Boston and two from a similar audience in 
Philadelphia, From Boston: (l) How can 
the teams that operated this center be 
organized and trained? (2) 11/hat will hap- 
pen to these homeless people after the i 
emergency is over? I'llhere will they goj 
who will care for them? (3) What procedures 
have been developed to get information on 
members of families separated from each 
other? From Philadelphia? (1) Must all 
these services carried on in mass care 
centers be contained in one building? 
(2) Can you teUus about how many people 
are required to staff one of these mass 
care centers? 

Discussion groups of some twenty persons 
each met at Civil Defense Headquarters 
later in the morning to discuss television 
as a medium of instruction and orientation, 
The Library was represented in these grov^^s 
by Miss Ruth S. Cannell, Ivirs Muriel C. 
Javelin, and Miss Sarah M« Usher. Mrs 
Mar jorie G, Bouquet was to have been the 
fourth but was prevented from attending 
by illness. 



Amrng the first Christmas cards to reach 
the Library was one addressed to llir Donald 
Ne-wman. It bore the following message: 
"With every kind thought for you at 
Christmas and sincere wishes for your 
happiness in the New Year 




..y/ \\(_ 


'I J 

f/A / ) / 

mt, M 


l;t^-^ :'"' ■ 



Thursday Afternoon, December 20, 1951 
3-5 o'clock 

Committee for Christmas Tea 

Vanda B. Cariani, Chairman 
Margaret D. Butler Rosalie A, Lang 
Mary 0, Cahill 
Alice N, Chisolm 
Barbara P. Cotter 
Elizabeth M, Kaiifmann 
Santa C. Koster 

Marion D. Mac?/illiara 
Ruth V. iJlarshall 
Helen G. Pappas 
Mary T, Sands 
Edith M, Sliney 



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