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Full text of "Quintin Hogg: A Biography"

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/////rrrfft ^~Jf/f/ft>/^f/6 . 



QUINTIN HOGG 






SscoKD Imtsmujdk !(<I1 ■!■■■■, If^lt 



tanttAi Esflntw S f r m— ^ 1^ 



CONTEVrS 



FmETkfV. B J 1^ D^ gf Ai^vft • 

Tc «n Bx«ia. Bj Uw WdMr U 



I 

n 

m 



Pm*f !■! ■■■Ill ill or \MIHA AMD ISZ EaBV — l^X PlQib.TTBOK«IO 

— Gwnras 101 



TI 

Tmx PoLTTBCKam — A]>ousokvcib . ^ , . . lU 

TO 

LsTros or TftAWL ,,..«•. Itt 

4 



6 CONTENTS 

PAOC 

Tmk Educational EijEment or QxnicTiN Hooo's P&ii.AMTBBorio 

WOBE 190 

IX 

T^K FOLYTBCHNTQ HOTXHSlifT fill 

X 

POLTTSCHZnO HOUPAT TOUBB AVP OTHBB VcKTUOE* . . 231 

n 

xn 

OumsKB INTO A Bust Ld-e— E£ 285 

Thb Theoi^oqt ot Lots ..■•.... 301 

XIV 

COHMSBdAL AUTiVlTT 310 

XV 

Thb Last Few TvabS 330 

XVI 
l^a CsoBaura or nra Bab 3fl9 

Af PDrinz .•••....... 374 



OmNTIK HOOQ, ItOS 

nifln an bat lev wfao^ bardened wtth lifi'a knd. 
Will (am anlo, ■notfaer kml to boAT, — 
And mere than #^***^^ all their tuiiuA catfv^ 
Tet praee etfODg-faatftBd Chiirt'a oar SaTkHir'e rottd. 

fjuuli was our Pomuiefl't QnintiDt pneraaBt Strang-^ 

mwtlMr the fig^ wen f ootbeJU or the Ifart, 

Whero nm tho uuiwmU of tfae E^D]Nr«*a heart* 

He '* played the ^ma " ; kned ri^it, and hated wrong. 

And tike to notet vl eooie imperial tont. 
Sent forth brave natnrea to aftmw the worid ; 
By domiDfttioa bcm o£ eervioe kng 
He ImU the banner of the Groa miFuriod — 

Whose li^ ne'er ebme upon a better blado 
Ttaao hk wtxi died amiA* hii own Brigttdeh 

AXGTIL 



PREFACE 

A BOOK giving the life atory of QuintJQ Hogg ahoold bo 
a Qsefu] ODe. Were » reoord of him to be published which 
Bhonld be the fruit onlj of fiunily love, it might please those 
who knew hirn and be forgotten, as are the lives and the bio- 
graphiee of most men. But in reading of his work, we can see 
strenuoofl purpose applied to the wants of his generation, and 
those wants must be the needs of all times. However perfect 
a State^a organization may be, t^e unselfish devotion of the 
individual citizen to things affeoting the ootnmon good will 
always be neceesaiy^ The influence of persons unconnected 
with the official service of t^e State will always be necessary 
to fight evil tendencies. The powers of legislation and the 
ministrations of Churches must be helped by the civilian who 
puts his heart into the work of labouring for the welfare of large 
classes whose desires for good or bad affect the State. There 
are plenty of boievolent persons who are more or less helpless 
and whose impulses want brain guidance. But Quintin Hogg 
proved how practical such a benevolent citizen may be, and 
how, with no oommanding wealthy he may set an example 
to be followed by the Government, and begin that whiob his 
fellow-citizens shall desire to further with the national puise. 
But what is imitated from a private man's efforts or adopted 
by the public authority, eannot have the element of individual 
sympathy that originally existed between founder and pupil. 
To supply that sympathy and interest in the wellboing of the 
individual youth must remain the function of individual eu- 
deAvour. 

a 



10 



PREFACE 



Bicgr&phieB auch m this ahow how such men's service ran best 
be omployod- The oppartunitiea for work amongst the young 
people of our great cilice do not piktfa witb one life, but one life 
mfty point out how future chftnoes may be seen and ueecL 
Quintin was a brave, honest boy when 1 first knew him at Eton* 
taking full part id alt wholej^me games and pureuitSH and ever 
usijig what influence be bad with other boys tc make theni 
manly, open, reapectful and fearless- For nearly forty yejira he 
acted aa a man on the aame linee- Hia nature was a very hapf^ 
one and remained unchanged to the end. He had no '*side*' 
or conceit. Self- respoc ting aa a hoy, he was never impudent 
in mind or talk with regiLid to the school authorJLiea. Witii 
plenty of peroeption of what was amusing, he never made fun 
of any one unkindly, and was very aCTecliooate to Lhe friends 
he ohose> and very loyal to nil. " Poor little beggar,'^ wa8 an 
expression 1 remeinber his using U.i a sick child in the streets, 
and the efforts he mode during iiis whole life to improve the lot 
of those arTound him, wore the after-expresaion of the sentiment 
shown in that eiclamation^ He would always be giving little 
presenta to those he thought wojited something, and this ten- 
dency ripened in after years into the self-sacrifice of his entjre 
life and time lo the Polylechnic. 

'' IndoniilaLle " is a long word, but I know none better by 
whioh to eipreaa Quintin'a good-natured determination of 
character If his mind seized on a fn?wh idea, it was not stirred 
to any thougbtle»8 or merely impulsive action ; a. cjuJet deter- 
mination possessed him, and allowed him no rest until the 
goal set before him had been reached. His Scottish blood 
showed strongly in this way. When anything occurred to 
him, he carefully eonsfd<?red the matter, looking at it fmm all 
mental points of view, and oon6denlially eonaulting his frieuds 
tbpreon. Then, having made up his mind, witljoul fuss or noise 
he would st«adily pursue hie object, like a sturdy steam vessel 
urging its course without ha«te or rest through cross currenta 
and adverse waves. The cut of his lips and the lines they 
formed when he abut hie jaws gave token that there waa a 



PREFACB 11 

detfimuDed mrriiinE in all be did. Tbe mAimcir of the quick 
putmg €i tbOBB lipe over the rtrmg white teeth, wheo the 
beartMt, matH infectioas cd Uog^ broke forth, provod thftt 
hii way vaa nol ooe of '* d omp awB " oxdy, bat of power to foUov 
the bflrt line, beoMne id hk ability to eee the bright » weQ an 
the dark nde ol any eitiiatioD, Nothing daunted him ; from 
the daye iHhd he would rush in the footbaQ field at the mperior 
fioee cf the schoolboy enemy bearing down on hii solitary post 
of ** k«g behind " to the later daja when be made Itmg marohes 
through the mihealthy ffwamps and jungle in Briti^ Ouiana, 
<v stall DKve recently whra he worked night and day in his 
beloved Polyteohnic Institution, he never spared hims^. 

He returned in full measure any regard shown to him, not 
did his liking fcH' his friends erer alkiw him to trouble them with 
requests for aid for hia special charities. His tact would nerer 
allow him to bore them with matters not belonging to their 
lineofwork. Where any <me volunteered it wae a different matter; 
him he welcomed and in return for cooperation gave a wh<de 
hearted and eager confidence without jealousy or reserve. The 
iatereet he took in the training of the young began while he was 
stifl young hims^. I have known his aoquaintanoes astonished 
to meet Qutntm " personally conducting " a number of omall 
" Eaet-OTders " in the Park 1 He delighted in the pleasure they 
had in all the arrangements made for them. It was horn thus 
becoming conversaDt with the needs of the poor youngaters of 
OUT oa|rital Uiat he was led on to found the Polytochnic, a train- 
ing industrial school which should minister at onoe to the health 
of their nuDdSt bodies, and souIh^ and give thcia opportunities 
of aeqairing the practical and scientific knowledge useful to 
Ihem in their various trades. To the youths attending the 
olassoe and recreations provided at this institution his whole 
life was henceforth devoted. He was exoellont at organizing 
work. Had his time been more devoted to commercial mattera 
he might have greatiy enhanced his fortune, but he preferred to 
gtve time and income to the schools which, however useful and 
<Aea ID part astf-auataining, were always produotiva of much 



IS PREFACE 

Dort ftB well u of much joy. The value of hk ideu hM been 
proved by the leal with which other towns have followed h» 
lead in maintaining sadi training places. His influence Uvea 
on in these, but to friend and fellow-oldsen alike a great void 
was made when Qointin Hogg died in the building he bad filled 
with useful life. An tamy 1^0 ow% to him their individual 
powwa of self disoipline, and irtio have been helped to saDoeee 
by his training, mouin his loss, and ue proud of having been 
part of his life— a life eveiy day of which can be looked baok 
upon H hearty, manly and asefol. 

ABOYUh 



TO THE READER 



I 
I 



WHEN I was aaked to wriL& my father's tLfo^ myfiret [ntpulott 
was to n^fuse; for in addition to thedi^advutat^es inaepar- 
ftblt fn>m a biography written after ao ^ort an interval by nne 
so OfarLy related Xo tlie snibject ati my^lf I foreaaM others tljat 
moat arise in this particular instance wluch would add greatly 
to the difScultiee of the urderlaking. My father's work waa bo 
coatiiiaous and concentrated an efFurt Lhat I knew iL would be 
©■coedingly diifieult to present that work from occupying the 
ot^D-groand to such an extent as almost to obliterate tbe man 
behind it. His life waa so ub^^rbed in tbo development of the 
Polyteohnic, that the human record bDccmes merged in the 
hiatory of that inatitutbn. It i* probable that many people will 
expuves a wiah to have been admitted to a greater degree of 
inliomcy in rcgaid to hia home life, lus Friends, and hie personal 
habits ; nor should 1 fe«l it unreasonable on their part^ should 
tbey criticize the lack of those little toiichen that holp one bo 
much to realize the personality of an unknown worker. But 
the ab««nce of 9uoh detads arivea not from any desire on my part 
to auppreas thera, but aiitipty from the fa<ct that they did not 
ejisL My fathet'a surrendei' of himself to his work waa 90 
complete that it included evarything, and from whatever aide 
one approachea. one finds oneself confronted by that work. To 
thb must bo added hla groat resorro, and the iaolaticin in which 
hia wortc placed him with regard to ordinary overyday life. 
The difficulty of conveying hia peraonality baa been further 
enhance by the paucity of material of a peraonal cliaraoter. 
He kept no diary or journal ; when travelhng, be relied on the 
oiig letters he ttn>le for puhlicatiun in the Palyterhnir. MagaziTte 
to supply his frieada with news, and left the more private or 
"home^' leltera to my mother's care. I have included theod 
" Letters of Travel " in this volume, because, although Uiey 
poaocaa no intrinsio literary vaJue, they may, in the ahsonce of 
Ike personal details to wbioh I have referred, serve to indicate 





M 



TO THE READER 



certain rather jitriking characteristica of my father**- When at 
home, hie oorroapandcnce oonaisted prinoipally of buaineae letters 
and briof notes malcing appoints onta, since he alwaya preferred 
peraonal mterviewB when posElble ; and taany of the papers 
referring to hie earlier life were destrojed in the second 6re ftt 
Holly HilL 

lo Hpite of thesa and similar objeotiona, HUine the desire for 
some record of my father'a career appeared to be verf generalj 
I have tried to collect all the trustworthy information obtainable, 
and from it to compile an account of hia life and work, which, 
however inadequate and faulty (and no one can be more conscbua 
of itfi many shortoomings than m^atl), is at least acourate ; and 
I hope that the simple nobility of the life recorded may b^ 
regarded as a sufficient excuse for the poomesa of the records 

My grateful thanks are due to the Dulco of Argyll, the Marquis 
of Huntly, Lord Kinnaird, the Hon. T. Pelhani, Profeaaor Gar- 
aett. Mr, R. Mitchell, Mr, L. Harris, Mr. C. T. MilliH, and many 
otiiera who have been moat generous in their help and odvioe. 
and without whose kindly asaiBtance I could never have accom- 
ptieLed my taak- 

My special thanks are olno dne to Mr- Mh E, Sadler for his in- 
valuable aid in the preparation of Chapter VIII. (to bia kindneea 
in suggeuting and criticiT^ia^ any merit this chapter poascfisce 
must be attributed) ; and to Mr. H. H , Cunyngliame for similar 
assistance in the preparation of Chapter IX. 

f ehould also like bo espress my gratitude to those of my 
father'e friendi^, — and more especially to the many members of 
the Polytf^hnio, — who have lent me letters or aasiated me with 
personal jrmiiiisoeocoe. 

AprU, Ifi04. Ethsl M. Uooo. 



Non:. — Mj iortiint of theSwinton fnmlly la tnk^n from papfirfl In the poa- 
■eaaioD of my relatioDS- Uthff AooroBfl L'lajTn that tho ituni^y is of SaiiDn 
origin and d^v«d ita narne froni a tnwt nf Innd granted to ibi th^a head 
bf DftTid 1 ofSootlanii, and called Bcrinlon, probftbly Lv^cAtifle of the Sorm^r 
prevalDDce oi wild awino in tha difitriot. 1 cannot p&y whith MSS. vo 
noat ftathoritative, bnC mcroly K^^'^ dis pprsimi oonlAUied in tho docxi- 
meot* Iwktto mo by mambcrrHof mj cwatttdHj forvhatibi« Hvrth. 



I 

FAMILY HISTORY 



VAMSLY 

THE Hogp, thoQ^ ncnr accoanied an Irah tuoSty^ ww 

as to wfaoi they fint fmugrmtrd to ErrJAod- Two bioUMVA, Jacob 

and WiDum Hogg, accompuurd Willum lira aaaj acitMB thci 

Irtsb Sea mfaoat 1690 aul apttlfd in Antrim, but whether they 

vere the first to make thor home in Ireland, or whether ihej 

merdj jomcd a hnoc^i *d the farnitr which had been settled 

thece for some genentims b oncertain. Jacob was qoaitend 

in a rich Qoaker family, married a Quakema aod died witboat 

inae. Wmiam had already taken to wife whDst in Scx>tkDd, 

Abigail Hamilton, a rdatire of the then Duke of Hamilt«m ; 

the family traditioDS state indeed, that it was aa account of 

the Duke^s of^tontiGo to the matdi that the young couple 

doped and eonigiated to Ireland. Co-tun it is at least that 

Abigail Hamiltoa manied against the wiahee of her rebtioas. 

like chiidinn of thin ooaplewiere bron^t up as Quakers* though 

their eldest ovi, WilUam, was " the most unlike one of that 

sect it would be possible to oonceive, abounding in wit, fnn. 

and fodio, and kind in the extreme.*' He married Esther 

O'Neill, whoAe father, the reetor of I^jgie, was a deeoendant of 

the direct line of Clannaboy from Sir Bryan Hoflielimof Eden- 

dnfFcanie (now Shanes Castle). William's younger btother fidwaid 

made a runaway match with Rose O^Neill, the c^der daughter 

of this same rector of I^rgie. The lady, who was a famous 

beauty was forty-one at the time of this romantjo episode, 

some eleren yeora older than her husband, whom, bowever, she 

nrrired, dying in 1813 at the dpe ^d age of !03. Their son, 

W31iam> muried Hary Diokey of Daniaore, and died fturiy 

IT B 



IS 



qniNTIN HOGG 



youngs \ea,vmg hia wife with & family of six children and Tery 
small mejina witli which to proFide for their nuineFoua wants. 
The eldest of them, James, faced the Bituation equarety at ODCe. 
He hod been educated near Ltsbam and then at Trinity College, 
Dublin, wliere he had crowned a triumphant aeries of student 
BUocoBflea by winning thft medal for oratory against the famous 
ShieL Detflrmioed to bo no burden on hie widowed mother, 
he started off in 1809 to aeek his fortunes as a barrister in India. 
Failing to obtain &U the neceaaary s£Lnctioiifl and permissions 
with which the Boat India Compauy hedged about their 
dominionsi he went without themn tirra^ with a passport from 
the Earl of Bucfcinghamahiro. The journey to India waa quite 
a perilous adventure in tho% days, and the vewftl carrying Jamea 
Hogg waa chased by a French cruiser whilst rounding the Cape, 
but escaped by rmming up the Mozamhique chamiel. 

On arriving atCalcutta the boy had to cncuoiber himself at the 
very outaet by borrowing money to send home to bis mother. He 
waa the moat wonderful son. and his mother had right good reason 
to be proud of her fiiathorn, who shouldered wJtliout dtncljing 
not only the burden of his own career, but the respOQaibility 
of tiiaintaining the home in Ireland at an age when moat boya 
are just leaving school. Years later, Jaraea Hogg wrot^ to his 
wife that he waa working at his Parliamentary duties day and 
night, "but," he adds* ** what can be done without oonstant 
labour 1" It was the principle he lived up to from the very 
first. His remarkable talents soon attracted attention, and Curtis 
Forgusaon. one of the foremoet men at the Indian bar, for whom 
the young barrister " dorillodH" determined to give him a chance 
of showing what he could do. Making some elight indisposition 
the excuse for his absence, he left his prot^gi^ to defend a rather 
important case which was arousing oonaiderable public interest 
The junior saw his opportunity, made a speech that set all India 
talking about himj and found himself, after a very few years 
of arduouR work, recognized as one of the cleverest barristers in 
India, Within ton years of his first arrivai he was making 
an inoome of something like £16.000 a year. Soon afterwards 



I 



^ 



I 

J 

I 



F.\MILY HISTORY 19 

bo tatt Vary Bwintaa, aemnd dau^ter of Ur Svinton of Svia* 
bxi in Benridc, whk^ property hid bean in the funily sinoe 
the dftys ot Lbe CbfU|iKat^ In die viHagB ol the suoa nama Lhara 
U9 tbe remaina <rf «» dd Daniih Int ; " Sweea " meuu Dau«, 
bare U>e hiijnl/-C wws known &9 Sveenton, or Hamlet of the 
Daon, and from tiiaaoe the fomilj of SwiatoD bad derifed 
thair name. 

Ibry Svuiton's grwUnother was a Freochvoinu], b^ name 
Fdhcit^ Lefebrre. The h^ad of thk family was the Uarqois 
d'Hauaonvitte, and the family e4iatf« were aituated near 
Boologne. Both tiUe and estatea were swept away is the Fmnch 
R«volatiGa, when Fdlicit^ al^u Icei her father among the bwta 
oi rictinia to the gnillotme^ Sha fl<d to whiit woa left of her 
patfimoay and eventually married Samuel Swinton, a captain 
in the Royal Navy, who ehared her French oountry life. Their 
aaa Sunuel purcbafied the foniil^- property in Berwick from his 
ooottn, '^Mventeenth in dc«oert from Edward I, King of Eng- 
laad," OB the fomUy tree remarks, and married a Miss Koutledjz^e, 
by vfaom ho hod three sooa and &ve daatihters. All the eons 
died foiriy young and unntarriod, ao that the estate passed to the 
eldest daughter, who had ch&Dji^ed neither "name nor letter" 
in ooarryiag her «>u3iiiT George Swinton. During the abeence 
of UuB couple in India, their scccnd daughter, Mary, waa brought 
up by her Fivnoh gmndmother in a hou^ near Regent's Park 
ontil 1631. when ahe went out under obor^ of the oaptain of a mail 
fltoftmec to join herpafcnbs. Vcrysoon after her arrival she met, 
oonquered and woa conquered by Jaiuea Weir Uog^, who pressed 
hid RUit with the ^Mkoie energy and determination ho displayed 
iQ whfttoTer be undertook, drawing from Mr. Swinton the 
omiiBed protect that he w&a '' ou impudent young Irishman 1 " 

Then» woo, howcAreLT, little fear of any sedous oppoaitioD 
bcdng offered to his suit, for even aftef providing for the family 
in Ireland, his ^t ooooideration, the ^'impudent young Irish- 
man '^ hod enough and to spare whorowitb to proride a comfortable 
home lor the lady of hia choice. On July 26, 1822, he and Mary 
Swinton were mairiod in Golcutt*. she being only eighteeu and he 




QTTfNTW HrtOd 



alovon yeArn old«r. Thivy were a remarkably hftndsoniB 
«o<lffl<*, UiUi vi^ry t«ll, with uprij^ht, 4t^te)y fif^urra, and re- 
Wnatl, olrtftr oul (oiitunw. Tlio following yoar & br)y, called alter 
hUi VaUutri Jajiim. wm horn, the 6r8t of ftUteen children, of 
whom Uutniln wam ih^ fourlocnth. In ]824» aft«r thf* bJrth 
i>f (Krtii nnii ('harl'm, tbo yoiinfz POjpk wont up country, and 
iJiA f^illiiwiBB)^ y^' I iti->' rrifulr a Lrip to I-lio Cap4>for the benefit of 
Jatim I1t)|{^*« htvUlh, thia b^^inf! iht* uaual preaoripticn in days 
wbiMi a Hying vlMil hrtrm wai ik poosibiKty still iindroamt of. 
UnHilgthU vnyrmrlhritllriitdailshbarlsabd' waebom. (Another 
year thoy alki |iaid a viait to IVnang, Singapore, with Lord and 
Uuty DiJhoQai'') On )m mtvim to India. Jamra Hogig was made 
Rflyktnhr*Omttra] nf thr lli;;h (Viitrt of Calcutta, a post whioh 
no ttAlN' ttxbta. It f^oniprLBod amoit^l oUw' tbixigs tbe dutiv 
ct AAntaktvMtMlMltml ft pnaitton hM by h» boo Chariee m 

Qnfatb UcM wvd to 4Vot« a bIoc? his EatlteT hwl toU him 
<4 htt rarly (bay* iii Inliik iiUmlmtiv« of Ihv bard drakng 
Mi int <«|y tijl««ML kM MMMi^td fti Oal period m 
wid «)Mi MM MA only Mart«A did Ml moc* oIlM Wtv 

on U«* cuutiivllMM ol bmo «^ lind for nauj jean 
al a Mn^c^ nt IrvfiMl rlhMfcw nithart lk» Ibm d « 




I 

I 



I 



the two boTm vcff) eeot back to EngUnd UDckr the cli&rgd <d oU 
Mr. SvinloD to be edocated. .After the biiths of torn euon 
ohfldpan Jwoee Hogg left for ever Ae eoontrj XhMl hed bean 
hia hiom9 for twenty-four years, wliere lie had sude hie fortune 
ftod kid the loiuid&twDe of ft brillient oueer. He retired vojim- 
tvily m Fvbnuvy, 1S33, for tboogh it was e hard deciMon 
to Ettftke, the doAiro to be with bia children kud U> ftvoid the 
temble aep&rstioci from thetn during the yeus vhec ikiey meet 
ae ad i d & mother's cvo and a father's i^uidMioe overruled ell 
«tbcr eooaidentions, and there can be little doubt aa to ^ 
wtfe'fl eeotunenta on the subject. So with Annie, FcrfruaoD and 
StOMt (tbe taet named a b^y of eix weeka) they eel saU for 
borne, meaning to buy a countiy eatate. but Parii&ment&ry life had 
ffuch etroDg attractiocfi for Jamoe Hogg, who waa atill a com- 
patatmdy young man. that tbey eventually decided to settle 
in London, and eatablifthed tbemaelvce in a house in Uniton 
Street, from which they soon moved to one in Grosveoor 
8trvo«. In I836» during a tnp to Tans the twina Frederick 
&QdFlumice were bom, bat otbetviae all the rest of tbe family, 
LetiCiA, Amy, Stapleton, Constance. Quintin. and after htm 
twins, who died in infancy, Grot saw the ligbt in Grosvonor Str7«t^ 
Meanwhile tbe great Indian bairiatcr waa building up a 
career and a reputation in England, In ld39 he was returtked 
aa Oonservattve member FQtB«verkj(Yorks}andsat for this con- 
ftituency until 1347. after wbi<]h date he represented Honiton 
for teii ye&TB. He va» an ardent supporter and a greet per- 
sonal friend of Sir Jkiberi Ped, wUo di^nakded hlni fruiu accept- 
ing the Governorship of Bombay wbicih waa once offered him. by 
the promise of an itpixjintnient at honie should be come into 
afficvk In tbe aame year that be began bid political career lie 
became a director of the East India Company, of frhich he was 
sabnquenUytwit^e chairman. In 1846 be w&a made a baronet, 
on the furmaliun of the Indian Council in l$oS ho was ap- 
pointed one of the members, and la 1ST2 became a Privy 
CbuacilEor. James Hogg was a brilliant orator, be and John 
Bright being (I am told) accounted the two beet apeakera 




■ 



1 



QUINTIN HOGG 



of Ihdir dfty in tho Houm. He detected wriling, ADd if it 
WW* nt^ofrtnary to commit Anything to paper, used to walk 
U|i ivJxd clown LIm room ciictutin^ lo his wife. Ue woa very 
fond of ionji^ty and woe moat oxceUent oompany, having 
A fiiniJ iif Irinh KuTiimtr vid hi^h apirita which rover failed htm. 
4JuiiitJii Ho^d iiHi^ lo clficlAro that if onJy ho had a oh&ncc of 
proMintiiijt thu (:l.»|]l1c bidu of nny of hia eccapodes to his father, 
thn liattlo WMt won, for the old eontleman never ooold roaiet 
the hunioroiu i^lrmrut. a trait he bei^iic^thed to hia sod, whose 
pvoeption of the ludicrous ui all things was at times almost too 
Uttto for Ui« own ooodoit I Lwly Hogg, on the contraiy, vaa 
lkb«olut<4y devoid of &II this; inoapable of seeing a joke, so 

[lbteiu«1y ihy thai raLt«rtaining and i^ing oat into society 
ceased to be a uinrtyrdcioi Co her, deeply afiectionate, 
4«eply ntl^oui, and a very olever artist. It would seem tbcy 
both bequeathed their d^k^f Lbaracleriatics to t^eir youngest 
•uu, bVuu hi» mitther l^ulto Uxo slix>ag nrligious tendency that 
abowvd ilaeU even in ehilttbuod. the wealth ol affecikm and 

.qrvpathy : ttwu his faltitv thcr fun and hi^h spirits, the "gift 
4f Um gal>>" iraa will, uulla^iiig penevKmnoe and capacity 
kv wvvk. 

TWrht, Jaohv H<^<9ft'> sftoulid ca»«r. the UlUe hotne in 
"■M titfvtir forgotlML Aywin^vrbroUiarliadjoineilhiiBB 

Am* mA appear lo h^iv dblfaifiiAad kteaelf in any particokr 
wj, 01 fan HrtnL kk fcvMriK Ibf. Iim] d»L »- 
WMtM. lk»oltelfe«»««9^Banwl;oMel tK«.(^i«. 
« ia> to Dv. Ikaaiir Nkboboft. h> «b«L ska ben a «m 




FAMILY mSTOBT » 

nnHiRfl oot to fVoridB not only for himaalf , but abo for the 
Eunily m Irdftod, joat as bo hftd dood thiitj yean prertoorij. 
A fltrong Aflootioa ^ifmog op betwMD the two, ftz^ wheckero' 
Nkbol«oo wM hooM on Ibstv ft portioo of his timo w«a in- 
TuiftUx oUitned by his node and oooaina, who baouoo «a « 
Moond family to bim. Qointin waa bo much youngor thao 
b» splendid oousiq that hv feeling for him partook rather of 
hero wmhip than of the Inotheriy afFoction iriuoh exited 
between John and the elder membm oi the family ; bot he oaed 
to rdate how NkAkoboii, who had a veiy tender feeling for 
chitdrao, woold take him on bia knee and reooimt wooderful 
■toriea of India, vrtukt ho listened open-mouthed and eotnooed ; 
he always oheridkod a veiy affectionate remembrance of hia 
ooQflin and canfoDy p gn a or Ted the ourioe he had Inoii^t 
homo to him at different times from India. 



CHILDHOOD AND SCHOOL DAYS 



Th«fc malm tbe p«th belbn bim always l^i^it. 

WOBIMWOBTE. 



n 



CHILDHOOD AltD SCHOOL DATS 



y^N February 14. 1845, the ioarU^uih child of Sir Samiw 
^^ Weirajid I^j Hogg came i/ito tlie world iu Groavenor 
Gifeet; aod as the twioa who appeared a jetbr later died in 
htlMacy, ^' QuintiD " became the Benjamin of the hoEiaehold. 
hia eldest brother being twenty<twn yeare old at tlie time of his 
birth. He waa called Quintin after lib god-father. Quintin 
Dick, * relation of the Dinkeys and tbuR of the Hoggn, The 
inilialaoertainly proved a most liappyconjiiiif.'(ion of ^Ipliabetical 
vgns, for in later yeara he be^iame ^' Q. H." to all whu knew him 
veil, even liis family referring to him thus more frequently than 
ae *■ Father." in spite of Mra, Hogg's frequent proteita against 
nich undue familiarity ! They seemed to fit him, and became 
1 part of him, a combination that will never oeoae to conjure 
op hia image, and that couid never refer lo any one else. In 
earlier daya be invented an equally distinctive "sport name," 
!• Carlyle dub£ it, for himself, for, Btrug^ling with " Master 
Qnintin," no doubt imagining the prefiji to be also his exclusive 
property, hia infant tongue rebelled at bo prolonged an eSort, 
and made ahift with "Ma Qui." So to tlie family '^Markee" 
be became and kept the name even Uirough bis Eton days, so 
even now some of his school contemporaries, especially 
ivbo knew him at home, will find the baby name rise to 
lipa OB naturally and apontoneously aa doee " Q. H/' to 
the Jipa of those thousands in whose eervice he epent hia life. 

& Jamee and Lady Ho^ were parents of the oJd school, and 
tbeii ehildreD'fl deep aS'oction was tinged with a wholesome 
ippicing of awe. Quintin used, in fact, to declaim that they werr 



be be 

Huioee 




QUINTIN HOGG 



nDvcr oUowed to blow thoir noaee in the patemaJ presence, but ilftd 
to go outride tho room and cloec the door before performing 
that operation. But this baby ol their middle age found a very 
tendor spot in both their hearts. He himaelf would never allow 
thia, and delighted in telling atoriea illuetratire of the aevcrity 
of his npbringing ; bub the elder members oi the familj^ who 
had known the anciejit regime in all it» rigid diacjpline, viewed 
with amazement tho novr arrival's imnounitj from what they 
h«d considered to be law3 of the Medes and Peraiftna ; and even 
aeeert that when " Markco '* did lapse from the paths of virtue, 
the orimQ was usually allotted to, and visited on. one of Uieir 
innouent headd ! He wan so nweol and loveable, so appreciative 
of the affection showered on blm, that the entire houaehold fell 
victim to his innocent wiles, ajid '' Markee ^' was monarch of all 
he surveyed in a way none of his predeceaaora had ever been, 
His father idolized the child» anJ every momiiig the nurse Lad 
to take liim to the dreHaing-roani an the grouud-floor, and hold 
liim up ao that the baby fifits rnigEit rattle vigorously on the 
heavy door, in order tc say " good- morning " before Sir James 
went oil to the India Oftice. As he grew older he must Lave run 
imrniutfnt risk of being spoilt, had it nut been fur his own sweet 
nature and the good sense of his moUier, who did not fail to 
administei' uoiTection when necessary ; for parentti, brothers 
and sisters (in spite of a little natural jealousy) and servants 
aU combined in adoring and petting him. On the fateful day 
wfien his curls were to be sheared off by the vandal Land of the 
barber, the entire household was grief- at rickftn at)d occupied 
with horrified amazement that ButJi thir^ could be. During 
"Markee's'' infancy his parenta moved to Grosvenor Square^ 
and here he became the 8pc<cial charge of his slater Annie, who 
treated him with such judlciouB ffrmness that be yielded to her 
the obedience hia aur9ea were powerless to obtain. He was like 
a bit of quicksilver- never ^till, a^d &s full of miBchief and high 
spirita as he could be, sharply observant and already dieplaving 
signs of that wonderful memory which was so great an assistance 
to him in after life ; and though he was a deUcate, fragile-looking 



.DHOOD ANT> SCHOOL DATS 



bis health vos very good, Annie wsa often called upon to 
thetitir»&in auhduun* her unruly '*harKe, On onooooaaion, 
hJMl'gg tfa»t LAriseed individoal's frantic appeals to Master 
QumttD ''to be A good boy," she went to the nureery to find 
Ihftl her small brotbef had Pe*:ap4^ from hie bath in the midst 
of heinsi eoaped, and clad solely in a laLhor of Boap-eiids was 
eiecatuig a war dance round the room puraued by his unhappy 
>tKftdflPt, who. apprehensive of an uDtimoly death from pneu- 
aMQift OP broncLitiai waa imploring her slippery charge to cease 
tormenting her. " Markee^ go back to yam bath at once/' 
raddenly said a voice from the door— — and " Markcc '' went 1 

She it was abo who Br^i taught him Bible Btones, and appar- 
cntiy Uie seed that was 1o bear such glorious fruit was implanted 
daring those early Jeflsona, for when he was only a child of ten, 
hia brother Stuart, reiorring evidently to some letter reoeived 
from the family, wTites; *' Poor dear httle Markce! it was 
indeed aweet of him filling Fred's pocketa with diamond oditions 
ej the bookd of Scripture, and then hie remark that tVed might 
find comfort in every pocket without inconvenience was indeed 
boochiDgty simple." 

All the time the Sunday lesaons were going on, the amall 
pipB froald £d£et all over Uie room, apparently utterly inat- 
tantiTo, yet in reality taking in everything, for if Lis sister, 
lluokiiig be had not been lii^tening, remonstrated with him and 
begMi to ncapitulate, "Fve heard it alU I know everything— 
I don't want to hear it again^l know all that/^ he would ex- 
oloim. John Nichcilson wrote to her : ^* I should like to aee 
Markoe Eyeing taught to sit still 1 1 can imagine the leasoua 
UMially bein^ a Failure/^ 

When he wae seven year? old, he wae sent to a school in 
Beriubin, where he used to aver he *' learnt all the wickedness 
bm 0¥er knew/* It was a terribly rough place, and the small 
boj> were unmercifully bullied. Poor little boy I He did not 
GbA the change of life an easy one, aud sadly uii«Med the love and 
lietUng to which he was accustomed. One pathetic little 
^iitl» to his mother runs : — 




i 



QtrnrnN houu 



My dear M^ma,^ 

I hopo you aro qujbo well, I think of yau ; the boyB Oram 
oa haj-d na tliE-y cau. I tun very unhappy liere ; I ^Itf&y? vbh you 
hod come 1^ vkit me. I never wbx so unhappy in my lif<\ So noiv 
I Bay good- by o. 

I «m your aftectiooAte and dutiful Son. 

Hifl love fif athJetics showed itaelf at once in tho enthusiaelic 
^fty ho took to football, paying suoh a plucky g&rne that before 
he had boea at school a fortnight he was put into the achool 
ElevOflH from that time ho played continucuslj until a year or two 
before hie death ; and in the trintor of I0O2 he playr>d id odo 
match lor tho "Old Quintiniana" in order to compkle hia 
record of "fifty yeara of footer," During his first hohda^-a hifl 
father foucd occaaion to reprove him for somcUimg, and was 
answered by a fluent string of bad language. Regarding hiA 
omall son in horrified aileii(« for a moment, he requested to be 
informed if that vraa the sort of knguogo habitually ti^ed At 

K "Oh, yea. Papal I know a lot worae than that," 

replied the child, evidently pleaded with tlie Impreaaion his achool 

babita were ct^ating. He did not return to K , but was 

aent to Lee'e, a faahioiiable school at Brighton, popularly known 
as the *' House of Lords,*' wliere he remained until he weat to 
Eton- Though probably the beat preparatory school then in 
e:iiateiice, the melhoda of diacJpline were of a rough-and-ready 
kind that would acarcely be well received nowadays. There 
was, for instance, a strict rule against talking in the dormitories. 
One day a master t^xed young Hogg with having broken it, on 
accus&tion he denied. Tlie ma^ter^ unahle to prove hia point, 
grudgingly let him off the intended punishment, but warned him 
tliat tlie very Hret time he made a fault,, he would be caned onoe 
a week for the rest of the term. Shortly after this, a bad mistake 
waa found In the boy's Latin tranalation, and the threat was 
actually carried out ; for the reat of the term a whipping wai 
solemnly adminiatered every Monday morning whether he bad 
been good or naughty I At Lee'a he j;dayed in both the cricket 
and football elevena. 

In 1858 he vent to Eton, to thebouaeof the Rev, J. L. Joyna*. 



CHILDHOOD ASD SCHOOL DAY9 



n 



All his life he spoke <d ha tator with dr«p»t Afl€cUja u>d re- 
^wck CertAmlr Mr. Jc^iUB Pcvioa to h^T^ studied and ondiOT- 
fliood the boj cQouiuttcd to hv duvgcv In evrry nature coD- 
teming eucfa s wiondeffd c«p*cit^ for goodEMcb tJiM« oxisto 
eq&ttlly Ibe awful ponihibtj ot thai npacitj bdng mimaed for 
ml. and atl-imporUot are tboM acboc] daT», for " the bc^ » 
hthe g c4 ikte ioaq/' and evil wrougbt in the dara when the 
chencter a BenaitiTc to frery mpgea gi oD k baidJjr onsed In 
kCer jearv la a K?w Ve&r'e Wter to one <tf lus day school 
bo^ wiitlcn m 1995, Qnintia Hogg hiEr.self emphaflue^thk: 

'* TticMV jvao, mj IK7. which lie immediatdy before yuar hvt 
DOW canoot FaO to prove aiboo^t the impcvtant of your lif«- Mod 
matk Bffa made or mancd betweeo fifteen and t«f>&iy-thre«. So 
oiABj HKsa fiErm to think it wjtl be oanyto Uvea good life when thry 
^row oldflc, and that it vill be far leea diffiratt to coroa to Onist 
Umd than it is dov. Bt-lievrs jdv, Cfaarlie. ojtactly tho ravcvve ■« 
tlio oaiM- A maa doca qoI grow feligknis or vmseUUht but he gnj«s 
MVidlf-, a^llub Hcd cynical ti he trios to spend his life for hia own 
pleaaore. There will bt> no year th&t you irill apend yrhea Christ 
will atand more Ju&Aifestl)- knwiunj^ at your heAri iJkan Bo will do 
m ISOO : tfeSTK' agaiii will you hAVe aa few airu to oonCs^ : never 
a^in eo moch of the talent of youth and etrongth a^ you have 
to-day- WiD you not remeinbrT, my boy, aa you stand on tbe 
thrsahold of the X«w Tpar. that you may ba live in It as to win 
Bjs Ittwing, and to make oUwh haf^ioT and bettopi bfcau^e you 

va lived?'* 







Hr. Joyoea himgelf waa at first rather ofnud that the wtf- 
wiltpd, high-spirited, oiischLevous bey mi^hl prove too gr^vht 
a handful. CWetful obaorvatkui of his new charge, whom ho 
nsDarked " had great power and an inclination to gccMl,'* enabled 
hbn tc atrike the right chord. Ho appealed to Hogg to help 
him with some matter connected with the new boya. " I woa 
to proud of that, I oouldn't dieappoinb my tutor/' " Q. H." 
mnariced, speiUiing of this episode. "My tutor madB my 
chanioier; he waa the firat peraou who absolutely trusted to 
ne.*- 
He did not greatly distinguiab himself in the way cf work at 
^^^£toti, though learning waa never any difficulty to bim ; Ma* 



38 



QUINTIN HOGG 



ouiUy'a " L&ya *' beirg once given as the bolidfty task, ho conld 
repeat bhpm verbtitim after reading them t^arof al]y through 
twice, and 1 believe he never failed to win the Hnlidaj task prize 
during thp live y^ara he was at Eton. Wlien his interest or 
ambition was arouaad he would slava at hia books^ and be wbb 
considerod to poasesa high int^lleetual faisulties. Writing to his 
mother about trials in the third year of hia Eton life he eaya — 

My dear Mamma.^- 

I go into trittlfl to-mofTO^*' »nd feel quite burning with eieil«- 
menl. It ia rather wel lo-dey, and was alflo ycflfprdfty, the firel 
b&d days wo have had for »n immpnsfi timn. 1 hope it ia not going 
to he vet durmg trukle, for 1 can nover do half ao woU when kopt 
mdoora- The night before last I got up afdor mj light wan taken 
and wfwked the wliolo night, only going to brd at mx in t,he morning, 
rifting at b^v^h. Mind you don't t4>II myDAme ttiis, for (the woiild 
bo fiiriooB if nho knew it, oud I ahoiJd probably gut swiped. I am 
going to bed at eight tcr-night. bo ad to get up all fn«h on Klondny. 
Our football la getting on as well as ewr^ both in hoii^e a-nd snhnol 
matched. I liope T nhall taki^ well after all my Hap« an it wionld be 
awfully clinhearfning if T Hid not. Royaii are ntunk at old Brighton 
again, which \a alwuya abusM when you go away or are there, and 
praised only wlinn you are going tht-re. Will you Mnd me some 
laoni-y Hoon, aa I ain quite out of ponketn Whm ifi Amy going to 
fltart, pliufls let me Imow in good time- 
There b a wonderful schoolboy attempt at a monogram at 
tile foot of this letter. An(>thor letter shows that he already 
took that keen interest in every subject that came nnder bin 
notic:^ which Tnade him in after years a man of the moat varied 
and wide^pre&d knowledge. 

Mv DEAR Mamma, — 

Trtalo were over Ust Friday evening, and the French bad two 
papen on Friday, t think I l^iave doTiB tolivably in all except 
«UolLd) whero I have dome badly, but wh&t I have done is word tor 
worit like Uie book* which ia one comfort. I did all tlie firat French 
pappr, all the turning Engliali into French, and wrtite a page and 
a half of heathen mytholo^. I am ver^^ much obliged to you for 
yoac UiLtidaome proaont i t received it on Saturday morning. . , . 
Pnpp«r. tim Polylf^elinie leetun^r, is givii^^ a weekly eourtie of lectures 
down licfv^ and i attend them, and I ain ^ing to try for the School 
prir,i% thtMik:h it la an awful eap. There are Bve lecturea, tea queotiouia 
wwurj laotura, aaoh queatioa takiea me aa hour tjosidee the diagram*- 



CHILDHOOD AND SCHOOL DAYS 



SI 



1 bcipv iho bn^ vmr^ wUI <JeIer k good miuiy fplVnr? fram it, wl 
pv« r&e A better cbxofx. Tlie Iwturee »re on electricity, and tie haa 
«TCcy »f>rt of Bppiu«tu» on *q ennrmoua acftle, WIU you mtto to 
my dune to aek bpr if I may change my room u> that ot a boy namAl 
' RhMliM/ vrho ia going to le«ve. It ifl a much largfr roout t,]iui 
maua aod * much mcer one; bceidc«, I am entilln) lo chan^ my 
auon w T like from my pimx in the SdiooL Will you pleoaa 
tinte in the next EortixightT an » good many boya ar« 
tty for it.. 




PrQfo»or" Pepper, pelebntted in aft*rr yearafor lliP apeclr^ 
wlikb he exhibited &nrl which went h>' liisname. tras a pioneer 
of ptkpulAracieEice.and wa^atthat timee.«tab!JHheda»n1pDtTirerin 
tlw baOding which has rince beoome 90 closely conneotM vith 
Mr. Hogg's naroe, 

Qomtin stems to have been a very popular boy at 
EtoD, hia extreme keennea^ for sports and ertthusioslic parljripa< 
tioti in them no doubt contributing ^i^^ly ^<* make him ao. 
Football, crickel, fi^e^. boating, shooting, it trtis all the same. 
The firat named Wis perhaps the only game he ever greatly 
eic«lled in. but hia enthueiasm wa> fervent for them aU, He 
jcinod the Volunteers, and in 1863 shot in the Eton eleven ^ at 
WunbJedon for the A^hburton (Challenge Shield, which the 
Sebool won fay sixteen points; the hi^heet individtuU score was 
Ireoly-eevoo ; Quintin Hogg's, twenty tijro. Throe memb^re 
of the t«Vn hailed from Mr. Joynei?' house, OobMJT'Sor^.. Blisset. 
Befgt.-Bagler McKerreU, and gergt. Hogg, who obtained hia 
aomnuaeion the following year! 

In IS62 his tntor^s house won the Football Cup, though having 
mjored hia leg in a previous game, Qnintic Hogg waa unable 
to play in the final. In the autumn of 18(53, hb last half at 
Eton, be wae both m the Oppidan Wall game, and in the Fidd 
Eleven, usually playing oa ^' long behind '^ or " dying man/' 

The coTeted distinction was fully appreciated by the cntbusi- 
wtjc recipient, aa the foUoiving letter to &n Eton friend who 
had already gone up to Oxford shows— 

^ T\w iwnsl ii4inberQ of a shocting t«afu me eight, (en, trt Vwaaty ; hut 
m Iha lebu is r^fErrred to in tho Eiot% CuUc^ Chronicte u ^' tbo clevun," t1 
«■« probably tlio cuat^iaary number in tfawe d*ys. Tba jUhburtOD 
itbkhi it aow «bbt for by A t«un of eight. 





QDINTIK HOGQ 



'' I hm^9 li««i (old to 0s4 my flmneb lor the Firid, and nmr ooiDe 

fnA ia aU th* h*riw|iuB fp»y of tito rad aad bhiev Tlwra hM ju«t 
tiMn an fltniUin tiare. mvI the Etoa EoOom milkd the t<nm lud 
had rare fun, whicli I tnbacd tmrortiiDAtriy, am I sraA GtAying out 
for « kkk on Uu» kiuw, which J got cr&wUng in & t^uge from one of 
tlin OK/ord bcAUtinft. . , . Yoti con't think how ^od 1 am to be 
Jf] ttw I^ii.ihl f^liivviij, tny (Efvot obj^ict of ambitioiiH and Uiird dioii^. 
borf I It ka ibo HtrfuUy jolly to fe^ut my eyea on the cap, and know 
It \m mfno 1 " 

TJu* lutmf* ywir he &nd Alfred Lubboak won the School FIvm, 
LlUiu^h it ttpppjiri iho victory waa priroipaliy due to the Utter, 
wliij wfti §. vory 6do pliiyer. Mr. Joynes presented the victors 
wiUi A Hilvpr pf^pper-boi in the form of a thistle, which alwaye 
liv^don Jlo}^~Kwntirifi-tftblQ undorngloAaoatic^and jj^reo-t w5« the 
Mli&Hod incredulity aroused in htm by his wife's failure to 
ftl^prvtoiAto th« Appro pnntcnowtt of a "pepper-box" as a five« 
privt ! Nf<jtrly nil, indcvHl orir might eny aM his best and truest 
trkmdihipH weiT forniod at Eton, and almost entirely amonget 
llio boy* in hii tiitor'M hotiiK*^ Aboyne (now the Marquie of 
llimtly), lh« Hon. Arthur (now Lord) Kinnaird, t^e Hop- Todq 
IVlhaut, "t\>jo" CanipbrU, the lAwrodOQe, the Marquis of 
jAinto (now th«i Duke of Ar^H), and hiBbroUker^ Lord ArchibaJd 
itpMl (who lioH^vvir did not Live ia tho booae but boardod 
0»t in Wmdfh^r) and the Tritl<^rw- 

'Uw Duko qI Aisyll bu girai the itU>ry of tbdr fint meeting— 

*Qnto^»iaqiqf liwSiiolghboart at my tutor « at Elcn. Am 
MdhkM nv feivMid «M» a fMT wttk oihv *brHfav Soote' to a 
itv«a by tha bMteaiMr, At thi» fstcTta^nkenk vfakfa 
In Vi r t n a k iM nf ■Ja^nl in t fl m t fr-kwn \m^ V m nnf a m il 
' TSMMd aiv«r ^pal9« to tfa* «4te boyv %3r Dr- Oaodfcnd. thcr* 
Tb» &ra« of bighrl ra^ k^l lo prtMut 
to «ba IWHtaaMK^ a lMi%» wa>a«d ta foU «tf Ub 




CHILDHOOD AND SCHOOL DAYS 



the pniqjnrt of our -^fa^. modo hn breath 



quidw 



ttftB hm vonfa, vhich all wuit«id to leavB his Upu at one* 1 In the 
Arid ho <i«B * iJ— ^■■fcg^ resolute player. He wsa fond of 
■od boating; bnaUfig uid foocbal] being chief 
• Pi§gy Hogg ' WM popeil&r with vwrj <m6 M Jojtiea'- 
Mr. JoffVii bad a nuw Gcrrnan wiie who nuich ^Ofid him, thereby 
^omog bei exeeOMit good taste 1 He vaa a BUirdily built boy, 
with broad brov. vcfl-bmahed mop of dark hair, hoam blue eyat 
uoder Btntight brovot a etout ntxe tip^-tilted a little, and wdl-cut 
firm moutfa.^' 

One AUisoier Lord Lome, Lord ArthibaJd Cunpbell and 
" P^&S " Hcgg stATlcd Erom Goodman '^ jard vitb tbe int<^^tion 
of rowing down to Londoo. The weather was glonoua, but 
extremely hot, and having reached Pichmond a halt waa made. 
U IP Bad to chronicle that tbe aleepinefs induced by " ahandj 
gaff '^ and a good meal after their ezeriions, caused tho scheme 
to be abandoned in faToni of quicker (tiuiait by trajn. 

" Evto the proepeot of holidays eould not prevent his afftrctionat* 
dbpQiitioQ feeling a parting from friends, aod he wbb quite in Ihe 
dtmifa at tvat Imving to separate ! '" » 

Id epito of his high apirit« and keen enthusi&ain for all athletic 
occupations, he was a very reflective boy, aod would go into a 
brown study *' for half an hour at a time despite the efTorta 
his ffiends to distract his attention, and pepper-boxee, boat- 
bg aipeditions, football and lectures on electricity were hy no 
nwana the onl^ subjecta ooeupying the active brain of thejoung 
Ecimiaii. 

" Our hvee must olimb from hope to hope, 
And realise our longing," 

the poet, but it is not often that the reoord of a man's 
y i^t wB tovarda a proDouneod condition of Bpiritual exaltation 
jfoiiie of tinintemipted climbing. There are uaually some prom- 
meot milestones that mart momontoue orieee In the journey, 
frpquenUy some definite boundary to whifh one ean point and 
isv, This in tvhere euc^h a one first dedicated himeelf to the eer- 
rice of God and of his fcllovs. Bat s^ith Quintin Hogg one can 
(race the ever-mounting path book bo his tJirliest da^ until it ia 
> toFd Archibald Cmmpbea 



OD 

■fa 



I- 



38 



qnnrnn hogq 



k«t in the pvn umooeDiv thftt b God'i biitb-pft to «T«ry 1ittl« 
<thM- Tb«re U no Apparent geru«bi of connctjon, of dedi- 
c^iioo, F^om A chiJd npwArd he seenw to bAve been imbued 
nith a BenM of serrioe 0'ff«d to a Wonderful Beaefoctor* &ad 
IhoDgh of conne there moat have been times of straggle utd of 
dArkrten, tbey were prinoipAlly of & meota] rathef tb&n of a 
Apiritoa) character, caueio^ do iaiorrMptioQ of hk 9eJf- 
AppoiDtcd labours and leaving no ooDtemporary exteniaJ in- 
dicationa of tbeir preeeoce. 

It has aJr^ady been meotioried bow receptive of Bpintual 
mfluence be showed him«lf ae a mere child, and thaj>ke 
partly to his tutor's rij^htfuJ understAQdiofz of him, but chiefly 
to biff mother'e letten to Kim vhoi he was being prepared for 
confinnation, the imiweasioiifl received in those eariy days had 
deepened, and were Alreeidy being tranalated into the " marble 
of action/' 

On Sunday afternoons the boy« in hie passage would oft^n 
Lndu]|{e in pillow £ghta or gomcB of a somewhat rowdy order. 
In order to stop this, Hogg, now one of ihe eldeat boys at Joyncs', 
suggested that they should all club together and have tea in 
bis rooro» and then rCAd aJoud. He rollecled a large quantity 
of old Chambers^a JoumaU.^ in which he would look out any 
curious or interesting articles for these Sunday afteraoona. 
After a time he proposed that before separating a chapter of 
Scripture should be read and a prayer o^ere^j. It must have 
cost any boy a great effort to mftke sudi & suggestion, though 
the fact that a strcng religious revival was then moving Englsutd, 
and that the movement had toLchcd even the gr^at public 
schools may have made it a sliglitly leas difHcult imiovaticn than 
one would imagine. Vet hie contemporaries own they " would 
not have stood it from any one else " ; and he himself spoke of it 
as a ^' sore struggle.^' As a matter of fact very little opposition 
or ridicule was met with. Most of the boys reepected him for 
having the courage of his convictions ; the majority responded 

■ Mr W- LauTfrat^. M'P., uye UiHt he also crpuilrr^t b tfyBlvm by irhioh 
ths boy» (ooli ia daaljr p*P™^ 



CHILDHOOD AND SCHOOL DAVS 37 

ibe rovitAtion ; those who hold &I00I vere by no meooa an- 
UgoFuatic. Young Hogg uaed to teed the chapter, ajid usu&Ily 
nude aome rom&rk» &d he did so ; occA^ion&Uy otb^ boys would 
tak« an Mtive part, and thiu gr^diuJly the Chombers9 JoumaU 
wm dropped, and the gftthehng beo&me & K^nhu' hihl^ CUos. 
Thfi Quisti&nity of Iheoe youthful xeaJ^^ts ^^rta nimoun>d to be 
^-of a Dtucular and mther peremptory dcecription, for one boy 
HkcUred th&t having bjddeo in the bedotead from curioeity 
to find out what happened at " Pig^ HojEg'e " Bible Oaes, 
she beiard & boy who adi'&nced somewliat ntheu^tical th^vies 
^Br^^niptly eilcDovd by the threat of beinj^ *' taken on ftt football ! '' 
B« tb&t as it may. there ib no doubt that theae readings wer« 
of sreat benefit to the boys who attended Ihem. str^n^bening 
tile weaJc. and giving the UeeitAting just tJie needf ui impetuR in 
the fight direotion- During the hohdaya any of the meio here wlio 
were in town used to meet in Willia^ Rooms, and, aucL ia the 
f oroe of example, similar ^therings were gradjaLy arranged in 
other hoUKs, ^' Piggy Hogg " being generally called in to assist in 
«iartiii£ them. Ue was a spleadid speaker, and had a "geniua 
tor lAlking.' *' tJioitgh be stuttered badly when ejieitM or in 
gre*t eameit (an infirmity be completely overcame), and he 
woD became the recognized interest of the Sunday aftemooiu- 
Eia ^rmpathies had already been aroused for the poor and 
mSenog, He would fitand and look at the wretched children 
in the streeta, saying aoftJy, '' Poor Uttle bcggaia 1 " ^ hk the 
bolklAys be persuaded hia father to allow a few poor childicn 
to be lodged over the atablea. and would do hia full share of 
looking aftet and trying to Eimuae them. And probably at no 
time in lus career did he meet with so little disappoLntment 
miBunderatanding, or hardness of heart, aa during those days 
at Eton when hv first put his hand to the plrjugh from which 
be never deaerted until his Nfaater called him to the fuller joy 
d aerrice in His pre^nce. 

His influence over others even in aueh youthful days, waa 
rtry remarkable; 

I The Dqlu of ArgyJL 




^J 



m QDINTIN HOGO 

'* Bo wooM oovor ororlook or igooro may vToagHjaing, Bweftrin^ 
bnlljing. Gbbing: vhatever a wns uid whoneiivr it cccumxL. «vcta 
in tbe middJa of & garndp QatnTin wooM tpe^k his mind, but id 
Buch a va/ that it was never r^eenled- Ono would take from bun 
whftt oiw would luvB Htood froEQ oo olhor boy At Etaa. o^cd greot 
■«mgg«rifig ieUavn And bulli«a would tAko a rebuke from him 
witbout a word.** ^ 



After he left Eton he retunod hii mterest in these Sunday 
gatherio^, and eieruised oounderablo inilaGDce OTer tlioec 
who took port in thsta, oa Uie following letter from the VezL 
Gl D. LftWTpnce, Archdeaoon ci Suffolk^ who waa one of the 
boys mainly reMponaible for the conLinuatioD of the daaa after 
its origrii&tor had lett. ahowa; — 

" When he left Eton, hs kq>t up his interrat in the Houw Pnyer 
SrteetJng, uid may he a&id to have directed our proceedings from 
LotidotL He wrote chi^-fly to ine on the subject, and it not qrjy 
went to ibow hia mtense df^ire that tbe work be bad begun ehould 
continue, but hia grnit pereon&J infiuenoe, evon tJuOt ovbt young 
men. He came down occaaiooally tor the Sunday and gave a great 
impetua to what wba known as the ' Synju^Dgiie.' We looked to 
him in London at eaoh step of the movement, and thouj^ abwmb, 
he waa virtually keeping the tpirit of proyer alive in our midst, 
Uifl undFTelJinding of Scripture was quite remarkable, and while 
he read such booklets ee Banar^t Way of HcUtvsm, he thought a 
gmt deal fur hunhplf, and mode the Scriptures cume home to ua 
boyfl in a way that df«pty interested uS- Then, again, he had great 
command over all types of boys, he wae all thingB to all of us in 
turn, and vrhen I look back on the varioua bo>'a who joined the 
* Synagogue.' T ffW that it fpaa a sort of genius emanating from birn 
that brought ua tcgether and retained the hoJd on ua. Of coorve, 
all this waa seen on a much larger Hcale later in life, when the lada 
of 'ne Polytechnic fell under his spetl ; but it i9 inlerpeting to think 
thai his esriy lessons in the art were learnt at Eton and under 
conditions infinitely more difficult than in Regent Street* \^'hile 
he thus drew together som:? Hbuteen of ub into tJie ' Synagogue,' he 
never lo^t his hold on otheru wtio were outride and who oeeaeionally 
sneered at him and hia prayer mouting. In a remarkable degr«« 
he waa i:irio wlio could have liia serieu* aide and yet retain bis inl/^se 
love of footludi, fivm. and aneh Ifke ; and hd bad the wonderfid 
instinct of n«v«r overdoing his religious profeaaion by intruding it 
ob unsuitable timce^ ... I think hid Eton work was quite utiiqu«.*' 

1 Tba Usrquis of Uunlly. 



►HOOD AND SCHOOL DATS 



3ft 




Tboae who were moet motive in keeping the '' SjTuigogiae " 
attra Qsed to vrite him vez^ detailed occounta both of the 
w^k &nd of Uie mdividuol membera, so that he wns 
to keep thoitni^y txTovera^nt with the needa and dlffi- 
of both, ft fftct which was natoraUy of great a^i^tAcce 
him. both in giring advice «mcenung its geaeral conduct 
in preparing his own remojkA to Uie boys wbrti he went 
dowa to addntis them. 

Quintin Hogg wafl very fond of dutmuing hid Eton days. Kptoially 

wilhmorereoeDtgenerationsof Etonians, with whom he liked oom- 

pafii^ fiotes m to the cbangee introduced, the ou£tome stQl 

obMTved, the ac^iert traditione atili honoured. He very rarely 

qnifce of tbe *' SyriEtgogue " ; that was one of the meiiioriee he 

UMAUred in hia heart, mention of which but seldom crossed bis lipa ; 

bat of any other side of his Eton life he would talk freely, and was 

fuU of happy Teminifioencoe eonceming his contemporahee and 

pononal sxperiaiceQ. One of his stories was of a boy who had 

hetn ordered to apply two leeohca to his upper Hp aa a cure for 

aninlgiaaad toothache. **Thepoorbi>y. knowing no better ap- 

ptted the brutes with hia hand to the pl*ce din.'cted, upon which 

the nptilcft promptly eecaped. one up each nostril \ Urn dismay 

oan bo better imagined than deeeribed. ' Bun for a doctor, there'a 

agood fellow.^ he called out as he walked up and dLiwn the room, 

vainly eodeaTOuHng to pinch the cartilage at the top of hia noee, 

aoaa to close the passage by which Uieleecbcscouldgo — he knew 

not where. In doe time tbe doctor arriTed, and by eome means 

or other [salt I think tt was) got the Leeches down, and told the 

boy be ooght to have known better than to apply leeches with 

faji finger, the correct method being to pass a needle and thread 

through the tails of the beasts, and so control their moTcmenta* 

I flhalJ not eoflily forget the serious look with which the poor 

boy walked up and down his room the rest of tliat aftemooni 

viUi a piece of thread through the taihi of the leeches, which 

be held on to with both hands, utterly re^fuaing to enter into 

converaitioat or. in fact, to do anjHhing but watch his ulippery 

bcnefactora." 




40 



QUINTTN HOGQ 



Anoiher on« rel&t^ how he uid a boy friend went one dark 
ftotumn d&y ioto St. Junes^e Park, and "once SatAu Bod* 
mischief aiiU for idle b^nda to do/* ooounenced tbrow^lng into 
the watfiT, tbe chairs which were BtAcked nsdy for remot-al. 
The spUahing attracted one of tbe keepers, who, Gn6mg himself 
muble b> capture the bojs single-handed, blew Etcnala of dia> 
liUB m his Thistle. In a short time all the galea w<eTe closed* 
and the eatire force of aged and rather infirm park keepers 
occupied in pha w"g the olfeaderfi, who, trusting to the f<^ 
preventing their heing recc^nized* dodged the poor old men 
all over the perk till they were tired of the game, and then 
quietJj dimbcd over the railiiiga and went home, Jea?iag their 
porauers stiU mailing wildly about in the fog. capturing each 
other at internals, and viewing terrible vengeance once they 
succp^edad in laying handd on their tormentora. 

The late Rev, H. H. KiUiok, then Rector of St. nement Danea, 
in vho^ pandh Lady Hogg and her daughtera worked, never 
forgot hi3 first meeting with the youngeet member of the 
family. Owing to an aocidefit at football be waa laid up at 
home with a bod leg one night when the Killicks were din- 
lEg at Cariton tiardenst and after dimier be was cartied into 
the drawing-room and laid on the sofa. The '"good-looking, 
attcKFtive young Etonian, who lay there aglow with interest ^^ *■ 
when they spoke of their work in the parish, made a deep im- 
preasioa on the rector and hia wife, who. even after a lapse of 
forty years, vividly recalled the evenle of that evening, " A 
princely boy,"' they dcecnbed him, adding, ''but hia chief 
faacinatioa waa hid carnedlneaa ; be aeemod so deeply and 
natuniUy in earnest about religious matters, and talked so 
eagerly about these thinga."* 

It waf4 about this time too that hia aoUtAry meeting with 
Uuokin occurred. He rushed into a room where his sister 
RoreiH'e waa oopj-ii^ a piotut^ of Toracr^a. and. not noticing 
a geiitlcman who waa watdujig her. ran laughingly up 1o her 
with eomo little juke. " You had better Iwogh while you oaa," 
^ -ill* lat* K«v, &. a, KiiLck. 



<^ILDH0OI> AND SCHOOL DAYS 41 

nddflolj ohntnd m higubEiooi voioe bdund him, " for enfj 
jraw you livQ jTNi win beoome more uid more miserable ** \ 
Doling one of his sommcr TMxtioiis some <A the family v^iit 
to SwitnriAod, Uking Qointm and Charlee Nicholson *■ (John> 
bmUMT) with them. 'Hbxfy found their Ben}&min anything 
hot ft feslXul tiBTelliiig companion ! On one occasion, having 
pOMBSBed himself of a hom similar to the guard's, he sncceeded« 
to his huge ddj^t, in starting the tiain, and his joy in- 
cnaaed tenfold when the infuriated railway officials attacked 
the pttrty with much vitoperattoa, declaring that " ce gallon 
an^us c*est un yeritahle diable." Hia last two summer vaca- 
taooB whilst at £ton were spent mainly at Aboyne with his 
friend Lord Huntly, who had just lost his father. A religious 
revival was liien in full force in the north, and the enthusiastic 
meetmgs and almost hysterical devoutness of the peanautiy 
a^Maied to «^ect him very strongly. 

1 CbiirfM KioholBn died in 1S63 in a "dAk bungalow," in IndJL 



40 



QDINTIN HOGG 



LETTERS WRITTEN ABOUT THIS PERIOD (I8fl3^). 
ITrtCMn joon a/Mr A« had i*ft Eton lo a boy uAo wa» Uikin^ a gnat 

-Utob&b *'*Thb Dm/ 

"About the Synagogue- 1 think that if yoa don't aettle aponUio 
ehApttf dodgit, the Arte would be the brtit book Co tAk& Anyhow, 
1 thould m&lcc tho e<^<*clioti of the Ghapt«F the Sunday before a 
rinr <fiid non in lit? frvefjt of your adDptkiig tJiat ptiui. ArUiur 
H>^nui to prefer the id^ of readm^ the Aots conswutJv^ly^ In 
my opinion either ptan would eotail much work &nd readJDg ap 
on the port of tlx^se whc oro really in ecuiit«ti. far ii)oi« eo thui tho 
GApela. If I were in your pJaro I wouW talk it ovpt quietly with 

, or tome of that sort, you viU knew be«t wbo> vkJ thf« propoaa 

Ui* pl*n which 6iid» moat favour amonprt you lo tJit Bynagoguo 
H-hen youoome totheloat rliapterhijt one of John — ie. nertSandny* 
la it not T — «oa« to give a lU Me time 1o arrange. Anyhow, we muat 
not for^^t to pray much about it* that whichever plan tt adopted 
jnay be the meana cf s&viiig souls. I mat vecdiiig you a fev tructa 
m ca»# yuki may have opportunity to pet nd of them. I think 
iJi^Eu very much to t\\v point, and tljoroitghly e-VAag^iicaL Gocd- 
by« now, old boy, imd God hlma you, ' 



I 



" 'Thb 0«v,' Mikciko Lavs. 

" Mt okas 

^'klany thnnki for your joUy kiqig iMter and n^wvtoftheSynagnguit. 
I hftV« jilflt ryivne back front the gyniiia«iuc&, vhere 1 tiavc b€«ii 

pfMtMing iha noble vt. Ae.^ with A L . He b do tcreot 

hand at |[ymiiastirs, aod arwua qiii«« cwt of his element ewn on 
Muoh a aiit^i'lo appArstua aa the ciant ■ stnd«- Hovcv«r that ia 
all Ihv betfrr for m^ aa it ei^~ea xa^ k4e to laugh at« a r«re euoii^ 

treat m tl>c eit>. WV lonl hard t« pnvuado fat «ild L to put 

the slohnni on witli Mi« of ua. but be prvfifTvd tbe mov? paaaiva 
Mkd pvrttiqia, tor luuv aalrr |wri of a ^Tretaior. I am trying hard 
1o BvC vniur one to sive lh» iwnior fii-es cup willi me^ but as yet 
iinatKvnaruUy, and 1 can hardT> stand it all layoilf. aa I ran gM 
iKtthuitE d(veivl undrr l«<t icuim^M a |iair. I ffhould not myvdf baro 
•lAftAl Ih^ |4a«> ot wnucn i<ra>rcs «« 1 tlanlc one nugbt aa well 
Evad titAi» out ol llw l^«fvt Book at onre : Not of eoorte 1 have 
i*ot the auiM D f iperliy ^y ol Fi%MV m yea I^Tt en the afMt. 
Ho«WM, laHkX«f7iMlolwitfllhtBaone«4vdtt*IL ladividnUy. 
1 think il Ih maim to i Mf an omaiif m tfeaa « writi«n prayv, 
h tvmi^ ftm IbntHk oAnt ■ r*«lltr «» 9«ir nted, «faik a written 
ana l» a^ to *«l In raMraWea ^ tii (i^ TwimI I lUnk ytn 
^nJtor^H iu k<axv« rt oytionat andwo^d nJl, MI— yon, oflv 



LETTERS 1863-4 



M 



fxianfioniry pr^jera mywlf OiTid nUo any who do not feoJ it too 
auicb of AD «floTt for unoenty. 

**Ab to the OBO oE the word * convert^t' I nxust say tliat I Fully 
bdiffve lliftt there is & time in a man's life when ho pa*«es from 
dMili unto ht9 - nor do X ttUnk it atrcngor to aay that a m&n is 
cofkVBTtfld than that lie ia born agtbin- Surely Uwre can b* no word 
too vtrong to espreaa the SAving of hn inunort^ etinJ. We ' h%v» 
paiBed Erom d&ath into lite,' and, moKOVOT, that very idea tif 
Suhctitulion, which is, of cotine, the foundation of our faith, impiko 
don^ ■onaethinit by proxy. Ood r^uiroB my death for my sin. and 
K> J«aiu Bt«f« in and pay^ the penalty which I should otherwioa 
&atter. 60 when a man GA^-d this and aooopid the Subatituto of God's 
pnrviding. I re^jard it. os 1 am sure you do, aa tho ^j^oatt^t conversion 
or change whi^h a mari can undergo. A nev niktare 19 unplantcd by 
Ood. aind altogether he vipwa lifo, deatli, t'utu} and eternity in a 
dxfSeraat light. I ^urdly think Bl. Poter'a auvt upphea to us : hi? 
h^A not he&n taught, b« wv hr^w, for the simple reason that thn 
Holy Spirit had not yet come down. We (or, at loaat, f) can Jiardly 
nttHa» the atate Pot«r was in at that time» eLCCuatomed bh vb otd to 
•eA the agency of tho Spirit in our v^ry (oon^'eraion, I wjta going to 
nj), but realization of tlio work of Christ* if you prefer the expros- 
non. What 1 meant wh% did you think that — — was savwl T I 
would Mk it in all humihty, for, of ooor^ij. only God really knows, 
bat wo oon generally toll from a man's hio and oooduat whotiicr ho 

■ Utuis for tliis wDcld ot th» nmt- t Jiked wEiat I saw of very 

tnoeh iikde^, biit there urn many who are anxious and trying to 
dd good who oro not roal CliriAtianB- I woutd apeak from my own 
sipcnoiwo ; for months I wao aovtous &bout my aoul and trying to 
naolis* the htll perfection of J<huh' work, before 1 really aaw that 
t was to begin by b«ing saved and thon work for love of Him Who 
taved toe. Pray eictue my writiiiy in this Free way to you* but 
I winhed to exptain what f m^ant, and I hopo you won't mind it, 
'All yo «ro brethren,' and there can be nothing, I am eure, HO 
loolUt OB Dot to do one's beet to allay any miaunderetond ing among 
Ifaoaa who work for Hia Name. Ta it not wonderful how one fi^ln 
tha m— ninfT of the verso which telle us the proof of our solvation 
\km in ' loving the brethren/ I used Qe^vot to comprrhond it« 
nnaning, but now, as you justly obeorvedn hours spent in talking 
wkh othen of our absent Lord ere precious mdeed. I do fepT ro 
difliHVUtlj towards one whom I know to bo a Christian ; boeidflS, 
I ifaink and &icl nothing so good for one'd imul in elevating and 
helpifi^ OS on OS talking over the Bible, or on spiritnal snbjectfl with 
real Qiristions. You gavo mo great couho for thankfulness in your 
fetter. OK one apoma to nee the first fororunner of future bleasin^ in 
Aft rteodEoKneM of the younger fellows in the Synagogue. It often 
fjjiiy to roy aiin^ the chapter in Chroniclca where Jehosaphat 
■nr^"^ Kngpn to go before the army praising God. and then tho 



44 QUINTIN HOGG 

aomny fftU opon each other and alay each otbor. How oftoo hat 
the Lord to ask ' Where ttre the nine t ' when we takd our answer 
as a matter of chancet or thank JJim ooldly for it. Would that 
we hod faith to praiaa the ^ beauty of Hta holinefle ^ And walk 
■traight at every difBcultyi knowing that the battle is the Lord's- 
Don't t«tk rot about long scrawle, I enjoyed your letter voy much, 
and the longf^ and more frequent they ore the better I shall like it, 
though I know how hard it ia to find time to write at Eton- Good- 
bye now, old hoy, and believe me youn very Affectionately, " 

QuiNTni Hooo. 



m 



EARLY DAYS IN THE CITY— BIRTH OF THE 
POLYTECHNIC 



H« forgot hi» own unl for other*, 

Himvilf to hia noigbboar lending - 
He louud faiB Lord m hia niffering brothem. 

And not in the douda deecending^ 

Wmrnim. 



m 



MMMLY DATS HT TBE Cmf— BrBTH OF TEX FOLTTSCnNlO 

OUINTDf HOGG left Eton at OiristrnM 1863, with the 
choice of going up to Oxford or of travelling for a year, 
H* chose til© latter olteroativeH but an opening in tlie firm ol 
Messrs, ThompHOD* tea njerobanl^, being offered him suddenly, 
bo relinquished the plan and went etjiklgbt into the City, ^ith 
tho idea of going out to China as the firm's repre^entAtive in a 
abort time. It waa a liorrible cliange for tlie atbletit? boy to go 
straight from the outdoor life, tlie gloty of being a *' swelJ " at 
Eton, popular with Iilb con torn porariee, and lt»kod up to by tlie 
mall bays as a veirilable hern for hift prcwem in the funthall lietd 
lobeocHne practically an erraind boy at tlie beck and call of all 
hs Hmion in th^ office. He bated it with all hla soul, and used 
ko bead the letters be wrote from the ofGoe^ ^' 24, Mini^irig L&ite, 
Lo. the Den '' ; but for all that he entered on his new duties witli 

»yie deterraination to do his best and shirk nothing. 
Whenever possible he wnuld gel away fur a day in the country, 
nding or boating. Of some of tliese brief expeditions he writer 
from "Hie Den": 



"I went down to Chearc to eea tht^ boys some daya ago for the 
iltomooa. and made great frifiadH with Tabur, the master thore " 
iMr. Hogg's two eldest boyB subHMjiiently went to Clieism ). 

"Aaotherdayl n^nt to Lcatherhead with Lady Huntly'Bi party, 
lo touL for wild flowera in a ditch. I wea kepi, warm by dolving 
fttaticoEly in the earth vith a genmetric'a.lly mAde tipi^d, kindly lent 
bf • dcntiflt, whilst a stalwart ' John * boro a vw^ Ironclad machine 
toooataixi our trea£iirt«.'* 

"I went to my ofBee on Monday, and got a telegrrirn at three, 
l^liog mft to bp at Prmoe^s Gate punctually at tvo I 1 wbm a little 

^ Holhor qI the prweat Marquia of Hujitly. 
47 



18 



QUINT IN HOGG 



busy for h wnnrler. and did not leavo my shop till i.lfl, whfm I 
ivi^Qt to RiolimoQil to the Star and Garttr, the place eettled ou bs J 
tliouijEUt, ftitli«3iavi]y In. Ocf- in m> pocket. I took a fly {I''' &J- gon^. 
beeidee the 2jf. 3d. for my ticket). And nben 1 arn\^fHi vbs Ui\d that 

no such p^rsOD aa C hod been there, and that J meant the Sun 

Fire oMce party. I w^a equally certain that 1 meaiit aothing of the 
Bort, AO went to the CaMic. n-hsrs J wka told thai I mesnt Mr. AUen'e 
party. Nov the very small acoount of discretion thftt Nature has 
blrMed ute with» augj^t^t^ to me that HaniploQ Court vaa one 
(3]i|;ible place Eor a picnic, and the most iikfJy placo next to Richmond, 
but 1 was on the loop Line and Hampton on the main, so 1 hod to go 
ta Bu0h«j Park and run oa hard aa 1 could Ceo^kBidK^^ng my ampulla) 
to Ban^lon Court, and going to the Mitre, found them not, but had 
better luck n^xt time, for at the Gntfh^und 1 waa toTd that C— — 
and party liod atart^l down the river for Richmond ' nipjli two houm 
gonp.' Off I HlHTtPd drnirn ihv rivEr afltr \ hem nrd Hoon found them, 
not B vtTj' diflictilt mutter by th* way, as such an uproar pealed 
rourid for about half a mile radiua that you cculd make no mistake 

as to C bping tliere. Sure encuph I fotmd that amiable young 

tady m the act of hurling a whole oold fowl at T a head, who In 

al!i*ac** mtii J yraa retaUatmg wivh Fn*ncli rolls, whilst A 

wad quif'lly &miTJii^ at the top of a liampn, e&cesaively happy at 
\VL\ ing ri^gf^ up a shade for him«elf by BU«pfndinf7 fihawU be^w^An 
the mea. Ute reet of the party wvre seated round on th<< gfound 
in thMB cxDecdingl}' iMunful poeJtion£ in whidi one hae to put 
Oneaolf . in order to ait on Ibe ground, look comfortable and eat at tlta 
aaroe timev'^ 

A w«lcoine ezcttccncxLt the following vmt «as hid brother 
Junes' ■ r&rliameotuy contM «t Bftth, which conatitaeocj be 
rvpTM^Ted from 1866 U> 1868. 



'* Jaam ia awfully ba>y al hm elKAioo. and ■ bnog tq^waed. ao 
of coun»» c^a find no tima tA wrilv to aoj cd*. H« ia looking dread- 
folly aeeilyi complattta vary nat^ of hanag to imbibe bad b«r. 
vfaecww be goes ■ laniaiHim ! Hv ia goug to acnd Ux on to help 
hm at the tuna of hn •laction^ vlikli will, I bopa, ba ova by the 
lUh." 



Biine wmj long t« had a big pien ol prnwal omir* to tdl, 
vUeh &%bt ««U sftuo wrw y bcdy cfa^'a coDwgika bom ha 
mnd for i^ Ubm beng. Ovm erf hii rtKi ti lud mvried ui 
!S50 ft vctthliy Wm Indiu AMKhttt. <%MAm McCai^l, viko 



EARLY DAYS IN THE CITY 



4t 






took nether a fAncy to his venutile yoimg troth et'in-Uw, uid 
begMi to tOAkt inquiries about him- He lethmt that whuroaa 
BMSt oi the clerkfl when sttii out witli bAg» of t^a n-er? absent 
far houn, Hogg was always back in the mimmum of time , 
i he WM conscientioira and hard'worhfng. In fact, that* Messrs. 
mpsDQ had nothing but good to say of him. A vacnncy oc- 
corring in the finDofBosaaquet,Corti9andCo.,i sugar merchanta, 
after etghtven months of drudgery, Qointin Hogg unexp^tedly 
raoMved an offer from Mr. MoGarel, that changed his horizon 
ooQipletdj. Writing to tell his siAter Florence' of his auddoD 
good fortune, he aays : 

" Young Curtii haa gone up into 'h place-, and now ho and 

Bn^mqart are sole pfirtriera. I am to go into rhpir hou?u>i " (}^ere 
toOov details of Hr. McUar«]'a gen^roufi odor). *' N^xt yoar 1 am 
lo go to the West £ndi« for sic moultia, wliich will, I opino, bo 
ptnMantBT than going to China for six year? I Witat bviming ooajd 
tiudi bt'— iiiji^ (Kiroe from a God for whom one liaa done eo litttf^ 
Mjr lathor U quite deli^ht^* and now n^hliig r«niaui» for loc but 
to wmj to Mr. Thompson ' Waltcer f ' and 1« thank liim for all hie 
kifidoices to roe during my stay t^^ere, winch h&a beoa real and from 

During those eighteen montlia of apprenlirreal lip, one vould 
have tbougl^t the few houn of ^-eedom from *' The Den " would 
have been too previous to spond in aught but outdoor amu«e- 
cii«nt- But the ""poor little b^fj^ar^*' who crossed hia path 
in hi* walks about tl^e great city haunied him, and hl^ heart 
oried out in overwhelming pity for them ; alao the w»nMa of 
obljgalion to that " God for whom one haa done 00 littlo " wat^ 
ivging him on to do what he eoiild to bring others to the know- 
Iftdgo of Him whofle name ih Ixive. ** What do you know about 
God I " he aaked two little nrchlns playing in Trafalgar Square 
whilat the church bells were ringing. " Why. that's the chap wot 
Kttda oa to 'ell," came the prompt reply. This and many simiJar 
[neidenta made a deep impre^ion on his mind, and he had not 
bo^o tftng in London before he went to Mr. Kiilick, who^ pariali 
all the terrible flluma where the Law CourU now stand, 
^ Mr. McGbrerB Hmi. 




50 



QUINTIN HOGO 



which were crowded with drstitat^ poor, and wud, "I want to 
wurk' I can't do miich, for 1 don't know much, bat can't 
you find Bomelhlng: for me to do ? Please tell me how to begii): 
what cEUi I do ? ^' Mr. KlLlii^k, who was judt alxiut to l^iive the 
parish. Bi]ggfist«d work amtuigBt youthn : but daring hia Eton 
daya, Mi. (now Sir Alark) Stewart had taken }iim to a ragged 
achool ID Fox Court, on which occaaJoiL hb class and the one 
adjoining it had caught up their fonns and indulged in a pitched 
battle, ihe teachers Ending them^elvea quite unable to reatore 
order. The young Etonian had vowed tlien and there that ho 
would nev^r h&re anything Co do with boys, as he couldn't 
manage them ! A vow which fortunately, not only for his own 
generation, but for all future g**nefations of Englishmen, pmved 
to be of a very mutable nature ! For wit^ the mUery of the 
bve? of thoae boys being home In on him daily : the utter absenoe 
of any poedble means of innoeent recreation, of education, of 
anything that could turn them into God-fearing, respectable 
citixenfl, being revealed to hta tentative inquiries. " I felt," he 
said, '* as though I should go mad unless I did something to 
Cry aad help some of the wretched liVUe chapa I u^ed to aee 
njuntng about the streetn I ^' Th^re foUows hia owzl account of 
his earlieet endeavoora; 

'* Hy Brat eflort na6 to get a couple of croeamg-ewwpors vrhom 
I picked op near Tmfal^nu Square, and oflered to teach how to read. 
In thoae days the Tliames Embankment did not CTiEt, and tlw 
Adelphi ArcJm w^w open both to the tid« and ttie street. With on 
empty beer bottle tot a candleetick and a talli^vr candle for iUunuiia- 
tion, two croesing-sveepeiTS as pupils, your humble servof it as teaohor, 
and a couple of Bibka as reading bookan trhat grew into the Poly- 
tec'hnic woe practically started. We had not been en^fed in our 
lining vwy long when at the far end of the airh I Tiotice<l a twlnk- 
liag light. ' Kool »t]op/ fi^)Otjte<f one of the boys, at tbe same 
moment *doucing the glini ' and bolting irith hid corapenkut leavoig 
me in tbe dark with my a^^ct hev bottle and my donced mnHli?» 
fortniAg a spectactle iriikh veemtd to arouse suspicioa on the part 
of our friend tlie policeman, whoao li|;ht it vae that liad appeared in 
tbe distance. Hovr^ver, after scrutinizing me for some linw by 
tbe lijrht of hifl buir&-eyv, he mov^d on. leaving me in a atate of 
mental perturbation 00 to what the m^'stic M-ord^ I had beard 
koHared out DKtmt, and to ask myvclf wEiat I, nho a year before had 



RAALY DAYS IN THE CnT 51 

been at Etor^ waa doing At that time of oi^t uzkIa ma AddpJii 
Ar^ 1 Afterwards, when I becvine [WTficient in ' bftck alAo^* 
I kD0w that * kool eeilop ' «aa ' look out for tbe police, epelt bftck- 
warda. the last word being ovidmtlj tbe odguiAl of the contraction 
' ilopt* • ffrrT*''**' nickname lor tbe police of London to-day. Alio- 
getber I did Doi think my first couja very succcesfiU one. and I coet 
about in my mind bow I coold learn the language of those boy^ and 
asoertain their KmX wanfe and llieir wa^ of life.^* 

Hh oogitatiotis resulted in the porchAM of & MOCHid-haDd 
suit ol flhoeUack dothcA and oatfit. He ba^ed the fonner in 
the OTfn afte the servuitB had gone to bed, as a pm^DtiCHUjy 
measarei, (Hia father, who waa aotnewhat of an epicure, acd 
ray partJcolar about hia cuinne, was ha^^ily iu ignorance of 
this cfMOcfe-) Office honn orcTt he would sally forth to Mum a 
faiw pence by holdiog horses, Uackmg boots, or p^orming 
any odd jobs that came his way. Tbei« is a i^eaaing legeixl 
Uiat he onoe blaoked bis father^s boots which I should be loth to 
dispd, aod at least it wears the garb of possibility, which is more 
than can be said for some legends ! He used to get home in 
time ffH" breakfast, and for some time Sir Jamee knew nothiug 
of the two or three nights a week when his son supped oa ^' pig*9 
tnittera " or " tripe arid onions " off a barrow, and spent the 
iti^t onried np in a band, under a tarpaulin or on a ledge in 
the Addphi Arches, learning to know the boys he meant to 
iMeiie, ""^king theb life his life, ^eir language his language, 
in the hope of j^hmging their thoughts and lives. After a few 
nwnthff of tliis woi^, he and Arthur Kinnaird ^ hired a room in 
''Of Alley " ■ (now York Raoe, Charing Croas) for which they 
pud the sum of £12 a year, and started the ragged school from 
vfaidi the Polytechnic was to spring. Mr, Killick, Lord Rad- 
itoc^ Tom Fefhatn and other friends were invited to the opening 
of the little room, furnished only with a rough table and a few 
ciiairs, arid lighted with candles stuck in empty bottlea. After 
the boys had departed the little band of workers joined in an 
"all'Dight i>rayer meeting, and the place seemed shaken with 

1 Now Lord KinnainL 

* It «•■ pwt of the Old Bnokin^iam Estate, on the sibi of the old paUo« 
«f Qttom VilUcra, Ihik« of Buckingham, wh«nc» the names oE Georgt 
Oomt, ^libera Btnmt, Duke Street, Of Alley, and Buckicghain Street. 



62 



QITlNTra HOGO 



power, HO overwhelming was the eenae of God's Preaeaoe and 
Bloaeing." * 

Tho boys, though his chief, were not hia only C4Fe ; he used 
to visit in the distriot, eeeing everywhere pover^ and miaery 
that urged him to more and more strenuous effort on beh&lf 
of the wretched inhabitanta. In one place off Bedfordbury 
known &s PIpemaker^B Alley, he fotmd in alJ Uio houfiee but two 
bedsteads; the rest of the people, ohieliy Iriah immigrants, 
slept on bundles of ragB, old brandy coses serving them for 
tables and cbaira. He atarted meetings for the rough Covent 
Gu^ien porters on Wednesday evoniLgs, frequently hdd open-air 
meetui^p was connected with a medical mission in Endell 
Street, had a misAiou hall iti Hurt Street and a clssa for ilower 
girla. Concerning oce of these, he told tlit following atory — 

" ToBm ago wh&n I had & t^laaa among the flower glrU at Cliaring 
Orota, I euccoeded in porsuading one ol them to promise to lead a 
new &nd better life, bul alio wished to postpone her aracadrucnt -. 
sJie promised to givu it all up six ^vt^ks lat«r. but not just then. In 
vain I tri«d to persuade her, tliinkiag it was but a eubterfu^ and an 
exciuc tfl avoid making anv immediate decision ; but tho girl stood 
iia Qrm sa a rock — slio would do what I wished in aix weeka' time. 
Seeing I could prevail nothing, I desistedf very discooraged, and 
feeling ahuoet sure that her excuse vnta only oBered in order to ba 
quit of my importunity, Im&ffmp my fe«Un^ when at tlie pronuaed 
time thegirlcATiie, neatlydreitH^d&ndtfady to oairy out hcTpronuae. 
And then it leaked out^ bit by bit, that at the time when 1 Gpokr> to ht-T, 
the frieud with wiiom rlw hved n-as on th« rer;^ of being coniUml, It 
fflU to hvr lot to Hiip^xjrt hot fri<Ti<! in the hour of her weakneea, and 
popugtuint as her life hnd beconw to lier. she aotuaHy canied it 
OD for »ix wDekd, till her friend naa up and about afcain, odcrlfioing 
lieraelf and imperilliog her el;ance uf a nf w life, out of loyalty to her 
friotd. Ton cad imaginf^. but L conTiot adequately deccnbe, how 
humbled I felt when thia stoiy oanw out, I hod been judgitig her 
u one who v»B giving t-*cniaea. but in very IruUi she hod been 
making a aaeriflce of ufU. vltieh tni^hl vroU bring into my o(i««k 
the blush of inferiority and ehame. Vorily she loved much ; to her 
the Huter could say. ' Qo in p«ce/ '* 

Aoother ot these girfs tells how she waa adted by her com- 
pukkuu to go wtth them to Of Alley. She used to leave ker 
bukrt in a reatauruit and attend the night school. Aft«r 
> Tb« Uto TWt. r, a Killkk. 



KABLT DAYS IN THE cmT 



Ae bftd been oozoing for aoioe tiate. ber bther wm Ukcn iD 
Mid ncDored lo tfae mEnTiafy ; whi!? bo was ihtn hct moUMr 
ififdffiiddeiilT, uMlEmiiiA,« child of twdTe-wukftfttoti^. Bbv 
went stfught to the Home And told her U&e. &b& wu put 
inLo A Berraats' tnmin^ home, aad from there flb« went into 
aernoo, utd m*dD hciself ao aa«fLil to her emplojcn tfaAi wfaco 
m jomig otta wi^nl to Eoarry hen her oisUcm wrote to the 
Hocae imploirins: the autboritiea Uiefe to bkbaclm, a» thty 
did Do4 wiaL to loa» the giri ! 

Ibe opra<air oorviooa wtira freqaentJy &ub}«:(«d to by do 
OMttiM Frieodl; mterraptMms od the pnrt of Ui? inKftbiUnba 
of the aunoimdmga bousEff. One man appeand bo onngod bj 
the amgiii^ of B fayinji that Mr. Hogg thought ho was going to 
AiUck hjm. 8uddaiJy some one in the crowd coUod out Ui&i 
it WBO "tho oovo a» looks idier the kids in Bedford liurj.** 
loatantly the man's manner changed^ " Beig yer poidon, 
gor'nor,*' he said qQit« apologetically, '* I never tnew as *ow 
yoo were the bloke vhat gave mj littJe Joey '« trufis." And 
ID a mogh bat nncere attempt to make reparalion he joined in 
tho ■™g'"g with «iich robuat vocal whole^bearterlnees as to 
ttimptomy annihilate the voicea of the rest of the oongTCga- 

UOCL 

One of the families he visited at this time prided iteelf on 
havuuf gained the reputat]i>n of being *' the wickedeet family 
in the oonrt t " a preeminence bj no means eaeil; attained 
fn tho<C tCirriMn fiTnmn, rnrifnhln mwpnnln tf iniquity and nee. 
Whk infinite patience and peraeveranoe he etrove to in^ueneo 
ihMB ; one of them is now a Qinatian worker in St. GHes, another 
• City nuasionaiy, another a DU»e, and a foorth the matron of 
a hocpital in New South Wales. 

Bat the young pUilantliropist whilst winnuig the name of 
*'&iflnd" amonget theee unfortunatee, won also for himwilf 
the lepntntiCBi of being a determined enemy of crime, a pera^ 
color of thiOTee and the like, ^id his u'ork In eonser^uenoe wM 
flot onatteoded by danger. He dedcribea on« of bi» adventurea 
B « letter to a sister ; — 




54 



QULSTIN HOGO 



*' I nearly gcit pottfd l.h« oth«r night. T nsA huTrLbnp:ged int.o a 
room to b^y pholoSi ond thoy did their bast to sbotit &nd etab me. 
1 only oucc^cdwd in geMing o(1 by a most determined rf^iatftno© 
nnd rJus bursting oF a sljiiUBr. tJie bar of whinh fortiinatnly t'wpo 
down, shatter and aii, when 1 wmnohed at it in desperation.*' 



Another timo the bait was a aiek woman, but hia gUHpiciona 
were aroused by the innumerable tortuous passagea apd 
bank alJeye he was conducted through, and confirmed wFien 
he vvafl eventiwdly Uken into a room occupied by a couple of 
rufliana, and invited to ent^r the cupboard leading out of Jt, in 
which the inralid was e&id to be. Instead, he made a sudden 
daob at the window, swept away the furniture with which it 
was partially barricaded, and smashing the glafo, yelled 
" Folico ! Help ! '* with all the power ol a sturdy young paif 
ol lun^B. Luckily for bim, a couple of policeman heard him 
and. guided by Im vow. effi^ctcd an entrance through the 
window, and after a i^hort struggle aucoeeded in reeouing him. 
Discretion bcin^ the better part of valour for the respectable 
in that neigh honrbood, they took to theii heda and ran until 
they found thenisolvea in a familiar street. Next day a party 
of police, headed by an inspector, went to try and d^ar out 
the hole ; but aearch ae they might, the labyrinth of smaU rooms, 
nameJoBs atnote. and dark croeapassagee bftf!1ed them, and the 
qtMit waa giTcn up in dospatr. But if thoee two policemen 
had not happened to be within hearing, the cupboard might 
haTO held another gnivaome secrci, probably by no meana the 
trst of tfiat kind, aa the inspeDtor aignifioantly hinted. 

1^ nxun ID Of All«y waa at fint ucd coty in tJie daytime, 
a female l«acLer bring in chai^. an fanieei wxunan wboeo 
attibittoDft Mwhftt OQlBlripped ber iifihiTiliiM She begged 
air. BcQ lo gpvk £t m Ihs vrma^ for te fanefit of the oldv 
ImIi, bvt vitik the nkxi of hk culy attempt al that kind of 
vnk bAn bim. be rrfused to lake any acti^-o put. tboo^ be 
Mftpfionffi Iba Q9e U Uw room and fan, pmvided Am wabd 
i»db rta fce to kevp «cdtf . NoUik^ tbunled. tbe guod wwmB 
■gnU a coe pt tJ tbe a&er and hua^b inHwliate pvjttf^tkvis 



J 



EARLY DAYS IN THE CITY 




» 



Ibe ooDimeticcmmt of her plitzi. It so happened th^t the 
'«Ttamg the esperimeat w&a Gist tned, Qoinliu Hogg ttas ta 
bed vrith a vety bod fevoriah cold. 

"Goddedy^' {in his own vordft) "»boat ei^ht o'clock in the 
■iUiljig ooe of Uw e!d«T bojs living in Bedlcidbory eAme racing up 
lo Jig ftathcr's bocua ia C»riUiii OardefiE (tho house now {>ooiipi^ 
r- DttlfiAir). to beg zno to comB at ijOk:i>, as Ihere ms h rtnr in 
tl with the boy5, who were fighting the police ttnd pelting 
with filatee- In about thrM mina1c« 1 had J^uddled on jubt 
clothcB to aufBtw me, &tid elipping on &a ovt-rcoat ut I rftji 
the haH, t nude for the raggc<l sohool as hard aa my legH 
carrp me. On arriving there, I found the whole school in an 
r, the gas GtlingEi had b«en wrerached cfT and were being used 
aA **■*"*■ by the bo^ for i^tr^dng tha poliiM*. while ths reet of ihom 
PLCu petting them with datee, aad a ooitfjderablc conuoune of 
poople w«a itApding round in a more or ion threatening way, «ith«r 
to aae thn fun or to hnlp in goiog against iJie polkn. 1 felt rather 
alaimed for the safety of the teacher, and rushing info the darkened 
room, called out for the boys to inatantiy stop and he qujet<. To 
my un&Eement tlie riob was stopped inunediaiely, in two rnirmt^e 
the police wct9 able to go quietly away, and for the liri^t time in my 
life I learned thai I had Home kind of instinct or capacity for the 
mnnacrmmT of elder boyi. From that day to 18Q8» when I had 
to go abroad for the tot time, I Bcanjely missed the ragged school 
for a aingle night/' 

The boys used to com^ Into the house in ad unde^orib&hle 
rooditton, so that it was absolutely necetisary to shave their 
hwdo ftod Jir^r&lly scrub them from head to foot before they 
wtn fit to an«iot>Late with ^ly himisn bemg ; 8.11 of whirh iirpfessnnt 
<ipttatk>ns Mr^ Hogg usod to perforrn with his own hands. 

**!!» gIbha prosperpd amaringly ^ our l]ttlt< room* wEuch waa 
ordy 30 ft. long by 12 ft. wide^ goc so eramn]^ that I ufit'd to divide 
Itoaobool into two eocttoni of aixty eeoh, the Bntt lot coming from 
1 lo 0.30, and the second lot h-Qui 8.30 to 10. Thore I iiaed to ait 
bifrvivfln two rlamni, pervhed on thn bw^k of a form, dmirg on my 
*pWof tfaidcandtwo doorsU^pH,' oe the boys used to call cKifTee sod 
hrtmd uttd livacte, taking one cl&sa in rcadinf and the other at 
■TEiing or arithmetic. Rach section oloeed with a ten roiuutea^ 
•errice and prayer." 



T^ c]a£:ies over, he would wall homo to Carlton Cardeus 
with Tom Pdliani or Arthur Kiunaiid, ftod invite thorn to «haro 




OUINTIN HOGG 

A gLoisa of port vine, and then to ewst him id eit^rtninAtiog 
the black befitTea to be found in the kitcheo, by pouring boiling 
Wfltcr over them ! 

In 1865 a second room had to he added, and next year the 
bouae next door waa rented for £30 aud turned into a " 2d. doos 
houM." 

*'Th*> intention wns tfial tho boys who had been picLcdup intlie 
atrefrtd and etort'od Qt tlut ochool, and wl;g li^ rio hocac6, ahould b« 
kept [rum h&d aurrouudujga, sut.'h aa Uiievee' kit^ihcma or lovr lodging- 
houece, and houi^ed onder r^i^pectable and improving influraice*. 
The houM wad in a Biat« of uiter dilapidation when we took it over, 
hut tha boyH und m>trlf aet Ut work tm arnAtour paintfirH, L-urpenten, 
and wlutewiidlicra, s.nd we were vi?ry wull piefifed with tlie remtti 
though even to ttua day I oaiiiiDt think of tho job wB nukdo of tha 
dcoru and, indeed, of our carpoulvring altogether, witJioul iani^liing. 
I had a httl^ roorn in th« attic which had be»'n inhabits by a man 
who used it for the doubli) purfioae of a liabitatJon and a placo to 
dry fkh in. T}ie emeill uf Ibe latter rlung about the walla in npibe 
of all wp could (io, and tho boye doclared ttiAt to ODma intomyfoom 
niftdo thorn hungry for aupper I " 

But the receesity for e^tra accoromodation was not the only 
orHJouragomont, nor the only sign cf progress. When the school 
first opened, five of the boys came absolutely naked cxeept for 
Uioir mothetB' ehawlB pinned round them, nor waa this aa great a 
hardship aa Uie uninitiated might imagjjie, for one boy en- 
Urdy refused to adopt any other costume, nnd for a long time 
remained obdurate to remonatrancca and peranaaiona ! Five 
separate gan^e r>f thicvee attended^ all of vliom were earrung theb" 
living re^pcetably (" more or leas ''] within aix months- Poa- 
Bibly the " niore or leea " Is aomewhat fti^Aoant t Stjll tiie 
reaulta obtained far outetrippcd the boldest hopes of the little 
bond of workere, for the eothuaiaam of tho boy of twen^-two 
was ao eonto^ioa'i that old Eton frionda and present office com- 
paniona found thcmselrea caught by it and drawn into the 
work too. In 1864 the boya were ragged, unkempt, ignorant, 
without OTGD tho desire to rise; in four years' time those same 
boyi had beoome ordorly, decent in dreaa and behaviour — had. 



EARLY DAYS IN THE CITY 



vr 



bi bet, climbed oevr^nil rung? up the ladder ol civilizatjcm and 
ivcre anxioQA to continue diiiibiiig> 

During theso yc^ra Quintin Hogg bod also been a constant 
dont at the Shoobl&ck Brig&de. Aa hia hoy& improved, he 
tftuted m&ay of tbem a» shoebtacks. organkinK a brigade ^ 
wlikh took up disuded utalkitu near the Strand, Piccadilly, Lei^M^- 
ter Sqiuuv, Weatroiufiier. and towards WaleHoo. In 1863 be 
noCoB io tiie Shoeblack Ltigade diary that " thirty Yk>rL Place 
camo in for the Srsi time/* Tliia brigade ]^cw to alx^iit 
ty members, and after a few yoan was merged in the 
"Old City Bedfi " at Fetter Lane, Hia rsntriee conreming tJie 
boya under tia cfiarge are very detailed; notliirig, good or badn 

too insignilieaiit to be noted, no trouble tf>o greul to ensure 

eir welfare. Of one boy he ret'ords that a '* gentleman writes 
io 9»y that be gave S 2jt. M. in^itead of a penny. 8 

,umed it honetitly. He hoA done Lhia bt^fnre. Mid no haa 



^b»e& 






Two others had a mw, and finding thoir fintfl iinHatia- 
foftOTy weapons, blacked each ntlier'n faeoH and j^Tfieys with the 
nnplementd of trad« I Yet another liad to be pimlslied for hw 
^cewve zeal, which led him to drag unwilling fares on to his 
•tand by the legl At one time^ small- pox being prevalent, tlie 
doctor waa summoned and " arrived with four or five babies and 
vsccmated idZ the boye/' (Nceonaoientiouaobjectioi]^ permitted!) 
On© summer there was a serious outbrealc of cholera. Mr, 
Hogg descrtbe»i linw he gave up hit{ holiday to Gmsaclian,' arul 
look up the diUie^ of a city mi^tonary, who had fallen ill- 

'^Tbere came at» the mtrm^^t an unbidden thought, though 
] ehaasd it away aa luinarthy^ that I whh giving up dome- 
thmg very pteaeant m Burreadenng tbia holiday. BuL almofit 
the firat day in tlic diatrii;t os^ii^c^ tr> mo mode me forgdt 
«iy feeling of regret I migbt beve l;ad- I found a tiLtlo boy 
)]n^ hdplera, olmottt unconHOJOue, Eickeoirg for lUnf"^- T&king an 
onugo Crom my pocket. I aquccscd Bom(^ of the juice into lus month, 
uid tried to mime him aa heai I kimvff huw. though, pour little fellow, 
b« cocdition vas Bucb as to make him anything but attraotiven 

> They vntt too roiii^h For ttie Society's hrigade*. into which otdy boy* 
ol food character vsre adanltotL 
■ H^ bn>(her-ia-Un« Lord Xh ^odmQUtb'H pltuM m laverauB-iliir*. 



Foil! ftfl to hiB linen, foul ss to hia body, toui as to his head, Kh^o 
waa Littia bcautJuf obout him ovcept the childlike gratiludij Ue liftd 
{or, perliaps. the only kiiidly traatrneat he h&d known for many a 
lODg day, liVlien I wbb going AWfty, he put hJa arma up ard said. 
' Do kisa me, eir. No one has ever kL&scd me ^co my moth^ 
diedt* and one forgot the dirt and uncloaolinpss ol UiB surroundings 
in pi(y for Uie child." 

The exialiiig ftgercies were bopeleeely overtaxed hy the epi- 
demic, and he was soon put in ch&rgeof a districtof alumH with 
two men under him. Here \\e spent liia entire holidaj. his 
f&inily being for a Ifing time uncoiLscioua of the d&kfi he waA 
nmning, believing him to be safely at Onisachan. On fins 
occB^ion he was called lo a man bo stricken witli confiuent 
Btnall-pox that he eould not be touched, and had lo be carried 
through the streeta to the nearest hospital in the sheeta on vrhii^h 
they found him lyings Mr, Hogg taking one end and his hejpera 
the other! He would be summoned at all hours of the day 
and night to patients, and would give them dose^ of EubJiu*s 
camphor, put bot brieka to their feet and adminigter all the 
simple remedies he had been tnught until the overworked doctor 
arrived or Ehe patient could be removed to the hospital. 

Once & year Ibe shoeblacka whose records were sufficiently 

unbeemirched, were taken for a day in the coimtcy. This \b 

**Q- H,'a *' account of one of these festivals t — 

" Started fof at&tion at T a.n^ in dolugc of rain ; prcaont Mes^ra. 
Kimiaird and Quintin Hogg. Mr. t(t«wart met ub at the slalion, 
azLd v/ii went away at 7^40 with evorything damped (?xaept our gpirita. 
Arrived at Soulhond, tlie rain cleared o£F, as alao did Mr- Stewart, 
white tho boya madb a mcwt efTuctual L-lcarunce of tlie very excellent 
dinntr sJid tea pnjvided^ Upturned by the 7.4fi train, having 
enjoyed & nioo bathe, v«jied by football, cricket, rounders and 
donkeys." 

By now his entire fatnily knew of liia work ; it vae inevitable 
Uiat tliey fihould do so, as it grew and absorbed more and more 
ot his time and money. UccasionaEly hiu mother would come 
and climh up tlie dark. Hteep atiura to speak to her boy^s pro- 
t^^^ her atateliness and refinement aweing them to respectful 
silence. Even Sir Jameg, thou^ he wonld faugh and gnimble 



at "QaiDtiQfl M«nilncttk«," nyiiks that the proper coPvfiD ol 
ftrtioD wu to p^ otJier pBO|^ tct do these tliitiga, wm eecictly 
rvj proud of bin. &cid often wbeo the " b«f:g«f boye '* ««ra 
prjTing & tris] to him, his Bense of humour vould oome Co the 
nscoe and dispel his vnth^ He «]«S5« b*d hm own broujEham, 
■boot the n£e ol which he w^e tctj p&rtK:iilAf , hud it w a sevef^ 
tnal to him to hear that ha yoxingodl 9on,U> vhom he had Lent 
the cArriage. had filled it with atreei uirhins and dHven them 
roaiMl Bjde Park at a mortfABhioii&blchourtrhca the season wae 
aitta height. 

MoT« tijing EtiU, perhaps, was it when he hniiee]f went out 
with his tornKECtor, who promptly invited one of the "home 
boy* " th«y paevcd in the street to " juaip ia ! " '* G<id bk»a my 
•ooL QainCin," excJaimed poor Sir James, " I will not har^ it, 
I will not bare it,'* " Oh. all Hgbt, papa ! Get on the box, then 
Cfcarlie \ " " No, no. Quintal^ ii I most have him, I'll liave bun 
dttkk ! ** One's sjmipathiee are with Sir James! AnotlicrtiJDt^^lr. 
Hogg aod a boy were canying aome ladders and planks acrooa from 
one hnne to another when tht^ Former sair hb father crossing The 
road in his atatdy, leiauidy manner. Mr^ Uogg was at the fur- 
ther end of the load and, waiting till they wore just behind 8tr 
James, he forced the boy in front suddenly forward «o that llie 
planks caiUght the old gentlernan in the (jack. Round jmnped 
tho victim, thundering out wrath at the uufortmialc boy, who 
stood abjectly apologising, though fully conacloufi that iL ivoUy 
waan't bis fault at all * At lo^L Sir Jarne^ CAUght a^t of fhe 
Ungbing face of his undutiful son at the other end of the obstacle. 
He made an eSorl to rebuke the te&I offender, but, as usual, 
the hnmorous aspect of llie incident wau too much for him, and 
hit icdignatioii trailed oS into appret^iative chnokle^ at his own 
expense. 

Annie, tlie aister n^bo bad fir^t taught Bible storien to the dd- 
galy tittle boy in I5ro3venor Street, and who had always given 
bim 1h« keenest jiympafby and encouragement in aQ his efforta, 
had takem over tbesisters and mothers of theae f«me ragged boji, 
aDd,M«tat«d by a woman missionary,' held clasaea fur tiiem in 




QUINTIN HOGG 



the upper part of the houBe, If it was rough work for the man 
vho b&d served «ui ftppronliceahip a« a ahoebt&ck in eonie of tbfl 
[owedt aliims in London, what must it have be^n for a girl straight 
from a liuurioua home redolent of eaae and re^emect, to under- 
take ! 

The girla were almost as Mlire little savagefl as the boya ; thej 
usually came in burning catlierine wht^eJs, whilst one arrived with 
a policeman in hot pursuit, and led him an exciting cbaee over 
the farms and deeks^ People were rather ready to shake their 
hcadA over the dac^roaaeipenmeDtof thirty orfortyrou^blada 
downfltaira, and an equal number of equally rough giria upstairs ! 
But the boy, who could be tender as a woman to any in pain or 
trouble* who would sleep niglit after iiij^ht among the lada he 
wantod to reacuCp sharing their food and Jivoe, could also show 
an iron firmness when necesfeary, and administer coTrection aa 
niercileaaly as the moat hard-hearted ot dbeiplinariana. Never 
to overlook the smalleat br^iach of authority, never to condone 
a faulty that was the only way to keep hla ragamuffins in hand, 
and he knew it. " I would rather." he said, " have ten boya 
behaving thernseivee than a hundred okaking a row." A 
policeman waa stationed at the door, emhlem of the order re- 
quired to be maintained within ; but it was not the arm of the 
Tan tbut prevented disaater in that hive of unnily boys and girls. 
It was the personality of the boy who ruled it. A look from him 
would often quell a rebellious spirit, if it flid not, if in fact the 
power of tJie human eye failed, ih^ti the power of the human arm 
asserted itself. The smallest hint of impropriety of any Idnd 
wad visited with a severe thrashing, and no misconduct went UU' 
punished, " Always punish some one— of course the right some- 
one Lf possible," he laughed to Lord Kinnaird onoe when dis- 
cuBfling the discipline of the home. 
I One winter his manager got ill, and then every night after hia 
I City work was done, Quintin Hogg went to Of Alley (then be- 
( ginning to be known &a York Place), and slept there in a hammock, 
a precautionary measure against the vermin r Often he had con- 
aideraUe trouble with the boya whom he had tduj^ht to read 



EARLY DATS tK THE CITY 



•I 



llbHr eliol» of lilM&ttirv. ~ I usid to find poony hufiHilw 
at ' Biit of Bteoi ' sMKted bHwwn the rmtt raaocB sod tovta^ 
taakad bwwih the piBov*. One boy 1 mnmibvr w»« <>ver- 
biticiglj ba3nQf i^vcfy bit ol nibbiah th^t c^me out, artd appftr- 
eotJy tbooebt nolkkig wortli wading thxt did not begin with 
mxifd«« ftcid wioid up with enieide. Do That 1 voold, f coald &ot 
penuade kuoi to nmd uiything nottblc Olinr Tmid ooold tut 
•ttnotlum, aad *S«m Wdkr* lofced in niiL At ImI 1 0)C 
him to pnnuse with a vhj daMa} Imm thAt bo would tmd ob& 
book that I 3b>tild tihooto right tiuongfa. on condition it wva not 
m icl^ms book, I picked out Kinf^ev's ' Wet J^ ard Hof* A»d 
M he read ol Sir Amjas Leigh hmI the men of Dsron, ha mind 
began to perceive beAuties in Kii^gley*e work wfaicb he hod never 
dreamed wtm ihtn. By tiue liine he waa through with Weal- 
wtrd Bo ! iX needed no pcmywkni to get him to rand Dickens, 
Scotl. and other healthy vjiIimb ; nor had I again to eoofiacato 
ffwn between \m iiiHlrf«a ' Ytmn^ Mfn of Qrtai Britain,' or 

He woold rise at 5.30 or 6 to start the boys off to tbeir 
work in good time, tbcm he would njah back to Cariton Gardms 
v>d appear at br«ak£aat, swallow down his meal, whilst his 
EDotbec, f^ of anxiety for hia physical welfare, harnedly crammed 
mU> hie pocket at^mc hastily prepared delicacy for hia lunoh, 
rhkb of coocve diaappeared down the m&w of tlic first hungry 
ho met. At times it was not only bis cwn food that weot. 
'Skffb atoiiee an told of the famity comine down to &nd the break- 
bit table cleared of all portable catabW. And th&t was the 
Ufe he led for nearly five years after leaving Eton, 

Ti^xia there cajne a sudden break. The junior parbaer was 
oidemd off to the West Indian estates. Passionately fond of 
barelling, the prcepect must have delighted him, yet without 
doubt hia pleasure waa greatly discounted by the fact that he 
kould have to leave tis " boys '^ and aiisiety for their welfare, 
ForUmately for htm, be had two willing comrades in whose hatida 
he could leave the forlJierance of his work with absolute coU' 
Une*— his sister Annie, and his former Eton fag, the Hon. 
ArlhttT Kinnaiiii 





QUINTIN HOGG 

With all his eamestnosa tuid hard work, he remun&d a boy in 
heart vid spirit. At C-arlLoa Cardcua thoro wofi a i^uitc of 6ve 
rooma Udod only for ontertoinicig purpo8C3» which tiir Jamr^ hod 
filled with very costly and Uoautiful furniture. One day, hcAr- 
ing a noise in Uie«e opartmenta, he wont to inveati^ato the cauae, 
and found hla son and others of the Castle Street workera having 
a thrilling ateeplechflae over hie precious furniture, which they 
had dragged out into the middle of tlie floor. In aU probability 
an urgent invLtation to join m it waa the only respond 
his romonatranced met with, Quiatm Hogg waa an enthusiastic 
athlota ; he and Lord Klnnaird were largely reaponsiblc for the 
Srab English and Scotch football niatx^hesn in which Quintin Hogg 
played as half-back/ He it wa« also who arranged tLcr HisL 
Old Etonian v. Old Hanovian match, and after much trouble 
he succeeded in otitaining pcrmiesion for it to be played in Batter- 
se* Park. 

It ia difficult to connect in one's mind the piotiirea of the pasi- 
aionataly earnest young man, spending Ltmself so ungrudgingly 
in theserviee of the poor end wretched: of the enthusiAstlr 
athlete, flying down to Eton for a game of fives, or winning for 
hinuelf Home reputation in firat^elaaa footbalt ; of th« irrepres- 
aible schoolboy tiiat atOl aurvived in him, leading him to dodge 
keepers round St, James's Park, and to Hteeplechaiie over the 
fomllure ; and of the tnduetrtoua, hard-working man cif buBineea 
quiddy maflterlag the details of his work, and following with 
bitflrast all that might afTect the welfjire of his trade. Tliey 
appear k> sharply di^csvinU&t^ aa ^moet to present separate 
per«cin&litieB to the mental vision. But to arrive at any right- 
ful undiarataading of his natiire, to gokeiate that vnbconseioua 
sympatby Mential if a written bkigrsphy ia to reAeot anything 
of the man with whoso life it condcraa itself .the^e portraita must 
become merged ; and the national work which he built up and 
which gradually overshadi^wed his ifulividuaUty in the eyes of 
Ihe worid. muat be regarded not ontyaa the achierenMOt of a 



> Thwy WBW BOt MMgEuni u InieruUoo*!. » th« team wh EatwIv 



KARLT DAYS EN THB CTTT «3 

pmi philantfiropirt, bat u the duly nprcBBon €l m woodofitlly 
oomidex nature finHing opportunities to ose mil itd compooeat 
parts for the ^ory of God. OoBaidefcd thus, with coastsnt 
mnembcmace of thst composite portr^t, if I maj oar such s term^ 
the dead word-recotd ol wfast he did, nuy, I hope, a»ume m eome 
fftint shadowy mannN' the lonn of the living, acting, thuAing 
origiDftL 



M 



QUTNTIN HOGG 



WritJm, fmm 4, Carlion GarrlcnM, in IflAi. 

DKhUI 

Hero I am woU launched in that mystcrioi^ place Ibe City, engaged 
in wliflt is ejipnK8»d by that all-dufiuiDg word '* biuiiieee," I 
wonder il any cii& ewtr undoratands what a fellow meane when ha 
eaye he ia ^^oin,; into btiamfea. He ma/ bo a sort of light port«r 
carrying id. paukels of t«a. or a millioj^uire picking hm U^th in tbo 
partuflr'fl room ; Buperin tending tJmJ.-er at the dockE, or travelling 
(expCEiMia paid) in SibcriD ^ quiK driving fram 9 to 9| or kicking 
hia heeU on the 'bim lor tlie Orra ; everything, nothing* and any- 
thing included in tliat vonderFuJ unintelligible word " buHineaa [ " 
Aa yot I have liad but /*>w of the phaaea biirough which *' a man of 
buainoaa " must poas before he attfune to Ihiit cold, calculating 
selQsiineiaa which is necessary lo becoino a ''thorough man of 
buBinoea 1 '* Still, even my experience ia a little variod ; I hava 
carried circulars by tbs dozf^na and pounds by the theuaands -, been 
inside bovpfl and outside 'biuea, ecnbbled on h three-legged stool, 
and flootJied ofTended dignity ; got drunk oS tea without angar or 
Jiiilk> and pcked my noee into the diegn ; all auoli thinRB and many 
more I liav© enjoyed to the fullest estent. I auppnap T shall saa 
you on tha 4bh of June at Elon^ us I liavo nob manugixl to come 
aerou you since tlint time we met in Pall Moll, How do you like 
Oiford 1 I siipposR anywhere is batt«r than a private tutor's, 
wliich I should imagine, by the bye, was not saying very much 
for it. I am going to see tl;e grand AabbuII at drnis to-day. at 
the Quards' place : I believe it is to be a very flwelf affair, wiLh the 
Prince of Wales, eta 



Wntien io an KUm Friend <U Oifford, 



Deab 

I came back to T4>wn last night and found your letl^r waiting 
for mB' I hud not woit^ Tor you to aek me, however, and fiueh 
fipod tut my celd prayera can do }ujta been youra from time to time. 
1 am sure you ri'vd rot liave Ijeen afraid to approaf h such a subject 
in writing to me, my only fear waA that yon might have taken 
(pfFenco at my iiaving epoken to you in tlie way 1 did. 'There ia 
no subJKit a man is no aore upon t%A hU bouI ; tlial at Iraiat he set^ns 
to think IB his own, till uwukened to know tiiat it haa bepn bought 
with a price. Your letter showed mc> however, that at least you 
wera not ofT'^tided. I am aure it miiHt Ix^ dilTlcult irdi^ to cnnffea 
one's faith at Oxford ; but the God Who placed ub in different 
situations cannot lie, and haa pTomioc-d with the temptation to 
provide a way to esciipe. It nlwayti atrikee me that St. Paul gtvea 
fiuclL a glorious testimony lU to living on the future glory when be 
telle of all bia AufFcringSt more than &ny of the other apnuetlee. In 
the beginniog of the next cTiapter he epeaks of having been caught 
op into Heaven* and Ixaving seen things not lawful to utter ; and 



4 




LETTERS 18B4^ « 

ta rti ttO o y of the f>iil7 mun who has fvee bpm up to Hmvcu 
eoj^h bgsiiL 14 that " ttie Auf^enjigs i>f t^us pTFseut Lime 
not worthy to bf> compared to th« glory which shall be reveajBd ' 
viii.]. WTiafc T found of auoh comfort at first vrae just dwelting 
tho «feuiento of ilie OoHpt^la, though it took me laoDtlua to g^ 
wnotKnre that T uraa indeed saved through Jpene" blood. I 
p«rp«tUAlly w&nting to got a littlo bottor in order to win moroyi 
Ful th&t any ono sin that I had ever committEid would \tAV9 
«tiffloi«nt to damn me ©wjrliwtingTy. How alow one is to 
«e & beggar to Qod* aaknowlodginp Uiat we are ftltogeth(?r 
i, mad ttocapting am fn?& ^it of Halvation^ I uften think of DavId'Et 
where the an of th? people of lara^l wwi "liiniriiig the HoTy 
le of L*nel." They would rot b*^lii?ve Hm powpr and love, tn^ 
T do believe Uint thouaandfl (like I my*elf woe) «ri? nininly deterred 
frora tAking God Kt Tta word by doubting Hin wiiih, Th^y seetn 
to think th&t they want to he envodt but tliat God won't do it. or, 
aQ events, ivanta siglta ODtL ^toaiia &Eid holineu in ordor to bribo 
[in to give wi what he has distinctly offered ua all — salvation by 
that Chr^ hoa paid the d#bt- 

"God will not Burety iwk'a ihrirjaDdj 
Firtrl at my BI.M^din^ Surety'* Rand, 
And then a^iiJD at nun*/' 

Repentance follows «a[vation es a neceeenry conflcqudri(?e. and 
the higher we get the mort w?- aeo our own ddfecta and deplore 
our weoknoM. The grent p^vrnt npppoTB to rrip lo be th&t wp ore 
DO longer under tko law, but under grace. The law demandHl 
perfection, end de^tli to tho^o who bTok« it, aad ao Citrist come 
down from Heaven, fulfilled thn demnnds of thi^ law and be^^me 
Dor aobetituie, a channel throngh which the love and mercy of God 
might flow down to xa. If you find any difficulty in reolizinf^ tlun, 
I would ftdvifie ytnj to read with mUL-h pruypr Froni Romarm iii. I9> 
:h the n^ixl few eheptetB. J don't know any wliifih have 
tTM BO touich DB tJicy did. You will oxctiae my wriJing bo 
freely, but it is no gnofJ minting mailprBt HU{:h a course ih what 
tan would have us adopt to hide us from Ihe yp&rning love and 
.ving death of Jeeue ; but joy and peace can nci^-or come from half 
, and we eiihH never feed the righteousne^H of dirist as ours 
by them. " The work of righteouaneis is peace, and the eff^oJ' 
of rt^t«ou3Deea qolt'tneoo end eesuronce for ever.'* Not *' going 
^>oo1p seeking their own riglituauunem/" Qood-bye, now. old 
fallow, and thanks mueh for having trusted me ; I know wliat a 
shy matu« it ia, and fully appreciate your ktndneaa in writing to mo. 

Written from " Thk Dcff/' 

f hsvr been down at Etoa several tJrnee, playing sometlmM for 
OdoKl and aometimei for Trinity or Balliol, or whoe^-9^ 01 whatevor 




Hfiiroug 

■Uped 




u 



QTTTNTIN HOOfl 



dwirei] any Bwi&tance- T don^t wonder at ynurgatlingpunippJ your 
Hrat game ; all you feJlovB up at Oxford eat u> much and get oo fftt, 
thare'a no d6iiy? anything with you whou you go down to Eton. 
I v^'aa going to lu^k you to meet Lorno &ihd fiie lit Ktoii on &i. Andrew's 
Dfiy, but an old buffer bos OAlcfsd me to ahoot that day, *nd 1 DiU£t 
go, so must givo up my proposi^d rcndezivoiis. I am going to plrvy 
Bgalost WwtmiiiHter cm Saturday week, antl liave nindo Arthur 
Kinnaird promiee to come up and play for us, also Pluppfl from 
Harrow, Trottor, a couein o£ mini?, and iiTBlrrato at Coolball, with 
iiiany otliern. I was down At Tnlton'd place Usl night, but did not 
Ai^ muoh ol Itid pooplA. &s J Imd to b^ off at 8.L5 t'O save ray hatf- 
CTOvn fit the oflioe, I epont all my iiolida;y-3 up in Bcotlatid, and 
had eplcjudid fun. I went to a place on the Tweed, where I Blopppd 
a few day9» then by Loclia Katrine and Lornond to tlis Campb^lla' 
place. I fftoppod there & fortmght, left it for Aboyne a placci whence^ 
after a week's stay, I w^nt witJi him lo the Braemar GatheriDg, and 
plftyed a match at Mar I^dge next day. Posting all night, I cau^t 
tho train North on Saturday morning, arriving at my brother-in- 
law*H ' plaice, Guisacliiin by name, at midnight. I waa fairly auoCeOHful 
out dfN>T-BtAlting. getting four or five atagq, bfSiidM hinds and buckn^ 
Yen mii^ Uelvo enJi>yod KUIaniGy awfully. I was tliere aome yearfi 
ago, but confess, although I admired tha Bcenery very muoh, I did 
not fall in love either witli the clpiftnlineas, Bobriety, or hounea of 
the ikativee ! For instoTice, it ia hardly neceaoary to bring up yom* 
children and pigB togetJier, nor t^way^ to hav& your coat in ro^ 
and your hat ataved in. 1 have been promoted up from my piiblie 
Bales d^ak to the China correspondence of the houao, which is r<aUy 
muoh more interesting than it sounds, aa one can follow all tha 
difftvent inv*«tm&nrft and their rpanTi.q, et^., which is to ua poor 
wretchoe in the City rather oxciting. Where ia it you are going for 
the winter T I could make nothing of it, nor could a clerk who 
reads all the bad scrawls we get, snd so T have given it up aa a 
bad job- I shall bo going out of England for good in a couple of 
yeant or i^o at Huon^dt. as it takes quit« two >'eara to learn tea- 
tasting, and ] Rhan't begin for some time yet. I hope you like 
O^ord a9 much sa ever, but I am sure it can't bo such a good pTare 
as EtoiL ^Iton I went down there last I took a akin of one of my 
Hto^ done up as a rug fcr my dame, and she vta perfectly delighted T 



December S, IBM. 

Dkak - 

I hope lliia leMtf will arrive under as favottrablo auapicra aa the 
loet, and ^o apE>ear entertaining by comparison, aa I fear I h»ve 
got puaitively nothing to pay. I supposo yon have heard UiaL my 



■ l^rd Tw»*dinonth. 



LETTERS 1864-5 67 

totor'B WW© bflfttcn at Evana' — bad luck to them, T am vory aulky 
to-day, and intend to copy my annotated Homer aa closely aa 
ponfblo. I played against WestmiiLBter on Saturday, and am to 
|day again tor an Old Harroviaii eleven on the 10th ; they do not 
play HB this year, aa we can only play on the day previous to their 
Speooh Day^ which their Headmaater will not allow in caoe of 
aooidantfl. By the bye, while 1 recollect it, I muBt express sym- 
pftthy with your sptraiel in your bed I I never could conceive how 
any Ihring animal could breathe at the bottom of a bed ; you^U 
■moUier it, «o look out l I Buppo«e you will enjoy yourself awfully 
at Hentone ; I only wiah I was going to have half such fun in my 
cAoe bera ; mad the worst of it is that I am obliged to refuse a 
wy j(^ly Bot of visita because it would not do to take aU that leave. 
However, I am going for a few days to Huntly's place. What an 
old moke you are, never going down to Eton. If I was your 
mliior wouldn't I punch your head, that's all I I hope, talking of 
EtcMit that your second essay at footbtdl was more successful than 
the frit ; 3rou ought to go into training for a bit. Here's an awful 
bore t I find that next Saturday ie mail day> and that I shall not 
be able to play football, aa I am required by the firm, having to do 
no AnaU amount of scribbling for them ; upon my word, it's enough 
to makfl a fellow swear ; what a good thing it is an Elnglishman's 
^wciol privil^re to grumble. I am beastly down in the mouth 
to-day and can't write anything else but rot I so you must forgive 
me. What are you going to do T Parson or guardsman, lawyer or 
alderman ; you^ve got a fine field to choose from^ I went to Ander- 
ftm^e the other night, and, upon my word, it is well worth seeing. 
He ohaogeB handkerchiefs in your hand, does oU the Davenport 
tricka, n^ie tise, table raps, and gives you such a galvanic shook 
that it will laet yoo for some time, I can tell you. I w&s the cxdy 
fdlow fool sQoogh to take it, so served as a warning to othera- I 
did not know at the time he was going to give it me, and I was 
nevec bo startled in my life. Nor is he content with that ; he takes 
two rabbita and rube them into one. Let me know how you are 
SBtting on at Hentone, 

Wriiten from " Tbb Dbn." 

Marth, 1865. 

DtA» 

I am afraid that I have been awfully long answering your letter, 
but I really am so confoundedly busy and hard at work that I 
•earcely have a moment to myself. I am in a beastly old oounting- 
beosa rammed up on the top of a high stool and costing things all 
dsj non " ut mens fuit moa/* as you know. I was down at Eton 
Ux a holiday from Saturday to Monday, and saw yoiu- minor, who 
bu joined a Bible reading, which goea on at my tutor's, and to 
vhich yoor frisnd Kinnaird belongs- I tee a good deal of H, J. 



QTTTNTTW HOGG 

Tritlon now, and oftem liinch with him at a plaoe whore the wnxter 
givofl UH hifl '*tarifi'' in French ajid hia Ofttha m English 1 Th© 
GumnuBaioDers' Keporti haa jobL tome out. and beyond cutting dotvn 
the school to eight hundred and ^very hou^e to thirty, and pupil* 
to ton ont of tho hou9(', they have cot done much. Domee are 
aboliflhed, bIbo nine o^clock prayers, which sre Uj be in Uie Chapel ; 
Two GonduclA L iTiBtead ol three, and tpri hdiKirary fpllowd beside* 
th& exietiiu; once, and coming and leaving money done awtuj inth. 
Eton msat^^ra tiixd not ba Eton men, aud beyond that I have not 
bean e,h\a to digest, bo you may diflcover for yourself. Good-bye 
and good luck, old boy. Youj^a better late than never, Q.H. 



1 Nota by thfl own*r of the latter — " Canduol*" v&jv th* clergy iriio 
ratidMr>t«d (tie service in ChapfiL Oan pr?a«?hed a airmen at Eton on "And 
Cha fourth tivta La Euphralna/' This ia all I nunember of t^toa Hrnioria, 



IV 

TBE POLYTECHNIC— INFANCY 



Give ftll tbaii boat, high Hsavui rejeuts the lore 
Of niofily uJouUM Ins or nion. 



IV 

IHB POLFtBCflAIC— IKFAXCT 

TN 1868 QaiDtiti Uogg croseed for the firat tinip Um givl 
^ ooeaatiifttWBBaoofUDtobehnUDeof tAvd.forbnsiiMss or 
for health- Lftter on, there wa« % period when hAitUy a tretv^ 
month paaeed without his going to or>e <x other of the est&tcs in 
v^iich the firm h^d intensta. But this ww the fini timft he 
had evtv peoetnted fvther afield than Switzeriuid, and hw 
lore of timvel, his keen interart in all that was new to him, and 
hie delist at exchangiDg the inside of an office for tho outdoor 
life be rerdled in, «0 comhined to make it a nerer-to-bft-fof- 
gottei Uip- 

Hfl was tate in atarting for the vtatioo, and tbeniora promiaed 

the cabbr double £an it be caof^t Uie mail train all right. 

Owing to ihe traffic, ho waa stopped at a croaaing by t he poUceman'a 

it[vaised hand, Mr. Hogg ehouted to the cabby to drive on, 

at the same time striking the hoise with hia stick, thereby 

thnost occasioning the demolition ol the polioeman, who, 

however, succeeded in etopping the cab and indignantly de- 

itunded n«me wtdaddiese- As it would have been impoaeiblofor 

the offmder to ftppettr the following dfty at the police-oonrt, he 

pve hie father's name and addicaa. The next morning the som- 

mcKu accuaing Sir James of nrnmnlfrng a policeman was brought 

to Gbesham Place 1 7^ bntler point«] out the absurdity of 

m^ a thmg in horrified tones to the bearer, and suspecting 

that " Master Quintin " was at the bottom of it, soothed the 

mm'o niffied feelings with a tip, and induced him to let tho 

muter drop, Hr. Hogg was greatly amused at the idea of his 

ttstely old father being summoned for oasanlt ! 

After some necessary business transactions in the West Indiea, 



qui 



H( 



he crossed ho America and took n trip up the MissisEippi. He 
had un inttnw a^liiiiration for our cousins acroaa the Atlfintic, 
and would flomotimoa inaiill tlio Britiahers* conservtttiv© pride 
with by no meaas fkttcring comptirisons betveen our methods 
&Tid theirs. His p&triotiam %vfie &s splendidly broad as ^very- 
thing ^1^ ftbout him, and iji reality as iotenfie as that of tiie moat 
bigot^-d patriot — reoo^itioD oE Uie national failinga and appre- 
ciation of other nations' achievements need not nccesBarily imply 
ft lese sincere love for and loyaJty to the land of one's birth. 

He wae offered some shooting *' 'way up the river,*' and in 
puTBoit of this sport added anothc^r adventiif^ to Lis already 
vwied store, Tlie train had duinpcd him down on a lonely 
rivoratdc wharf, ^fhonce a stoAitaor w^ls auppoaed to cany him 
on his quests But as the hours slipped by and duak fell , he began 
to roai^ himself to a solitary ni^ht on the hard plonks, with a 
tin of peaches and a flaak of wine for hia sole Hustenance. Some- 
what to hid diacomposuref aa it grew darker he noted an evil- 
looking individual dlinklng out of the woods opposite, aod pre- 
paring to croM the Btre«un in a boat that had been hidden in the 
growtJi on the banks. Nob being favourably impreesed by ^^ 
tbo exterior of hia noctomal visitor, the traveUer made a grea^^^l 
display of hia weapons, and having ostentatiously loaded nfl« 
and revolver, ensconced himself where an attack in his rear waa 
imprai^ticable, sjidreliniiui^'hrd all thougbtaof sleep for the night 
Fortunately the moon enabled him to keep an eye on the in- 
truder's iBOveoients. Any attempt to approaob the shore 
diciled tbrvata of shooting, and thus the bonis wore on. Soon 
after davu the whistle of the unpuootiwl steamer made itfielf 
boftrd. aad with some parting worda not ux the nature of a bcA»- 
dictaaD. the man retreated to hk lair m the wooda again- 

Aftcc an absiaKie of aevecal monlha. Qumtin Hogg relvmed to 
b^aad, to find his n^;j^ school in no degree damaged bylua 
abwoce* btat on the contrary ^till growing in such healthy fashioo 
thaft it waa vsK^a^^ry tv remove to morr apactoiu quarters m 
CMb 8lmlk 00 Uanoii-cv Street. Here thero was sJc^piog ac- 
ooouaodatkA kr Ititiy buys, ftad a tittle cshiBfe o^aiing out of 



MARRLAGE 



n 



their donmtor? vrhere eiib«r the m*4t^ or i>ae of the vurken 

iHTmoUj alepb. Greatly %» the boys b«d improvc<d> apparenUy 

thoir pcnoQAl b»bit9 vnd co&ditbo stiU Mt much to bo deuied, 

lor ODB cf Mi. Hogg's Bl&imchat EtoD frimds. wbo occnped 

thM ^kitnutii once, refnoed to i^er to liia eiperiT^nce aa ** div^ 

tog ^ at Ckfltle Stivei, maintaining th&t was & feat non« but " Q. B.'* 

ooold lay daim to ; anyone else merely pass«l the night therv. 

In the new building his sister utilired the Front part of IIig house 

for her giris, until tJifr pttcroaohmentfi of the other s«x drore her 

out to a house of her own. York Place wns me&nvhtlp kept 

opefi aa a Lome for young women^ &nd rescue work trae coiried 

en there, under the auspioed of the mtssirfnsjie^, eXi-. In fnct, 

die work became bo macT-aided that it is surprising the ne^nl for 

^tocialization did not fortw itself upon ite organizer sooner. Opeii- 

lir aervices^ rescue home for girb. njght whooT fur those wlio 

fiovld tiot attend during the day, Gcrvioee for- tho porten of 

G>fv&t Goj^^ held on Wednesday 0vai»g«,flhoebUGka, Ragged 

Sohocd Union, Medii^J Minion, all this not the work, but the 

pccfBatkm of a young tnan barely twenty-four year? of age, 

mrking in the City ail day, jet giving up all hi£ hours of leisure 

la labour of the most orduoua and exhausting nature- Of oouree 

he had nuuiy devoted helpers : without the aoeistanoe of his sisters 

and Bton friends^ and the teal of the missionoriee he employed, the 

vofit could not have been continued for a month ; but he woa 

th& pivot — the Ttiagncliam of hia poraonality the backbone of tlie 

whole efforts Ue oould qnoU difiturbanoe amongst the boys 

vith a look, Onoo a boy Btole a Ite-pin from a gentleman who 

came to epeok, but on hearing tliat hia victim vsa a friend of 

"Mr. 'Ogg," hurriedly rptumed the ravished property with the 

Bilve qtoJogy. ** 1 didn't know as 'ow 'e wt^ a friend of youm, 

nr Ae he guned experience in work auiongat Exija of thia 

idm, Qointin Hogg became a keen cr^nvert to emigration. He 

nc<igiuzed the difilcuiticaa boy, apecially one of weak cbaractor. 

tncowitercd in trying to better liimself bo long as ho woe eunxiunded 

^rUi tho old oompaniona, the familiar »cenos of dirt and dia- 

the acoAuig — pcrhape even bootiie— relatione. To gi^t 



71 



QUINTIN HOGG 



him ftway &nd give him ft new start in a rountry ^here tio one 
could tlirow his paat ab him, whfrre h« started his race iinlmndi- 
capped, and ^ith &e good a ctuutce &b hia neigJilH>urflH waa very 
desirable, and tliis cotddonlybe done byfiendiDg him to one of 
thcgreatcoloniea where labour woa more plentiful than labcurera, 
and wl]<?re the oeot^daity of earning his own livelihood might 
aervQ us on incentive lo the hay. On tlie whole the work was 
very eucceasful. During tJio next few years, about 1,500 boys 
were sent out to Canada^ Au^Jtralia, etc,, and tjie peruentnge of 
flucoeaaoB was eneoiiraging. Luckily tliere wafl never a trace of 
Tiamhy-pamhy about Mr. Hogg's philanthropy. Hia boyg 
knew that they could depend on his loving sympathy and prao- 
tical Jielp to any extent, but ihey had a wholeeom© dr<?ad of 
abusing his kindnewi. Mr. Pelham eanie acroA9 one emigrant 
who had thrown up bw job and alunk home. The suggefition 
of going tn see Mr. Hogg evoked aymptoms of absolute terror. 
'* No,'* eaid Uie boy, *' I reroeml>er 'ow he looked at another boy 
as ran back : I ain't a-going near'im,'* It was very curioua what 
a horror theeo hardened young urchins of the street had of thoit 
benefaotor giving them a "" took.'^ It was a tnost useful aocom- 
pliflhment ; some of the miadoera would even implore, '' Oh, sifj 
do thrash ua ; only don't give us a look." Ho was largely nu- 
conacioue of employing it» and in later years he lost the power, 
perhaps the growth of mouslaolje and beard destroyed it, or 
the lo^ of vitality during hia long ill-health ; or poaeibly hia 
friends were never treated to an exhibition of that particular 
expre^ion ! 

It xfOB in LS69 that he Rrat met Misa C^raham, the lady who 
was deetined to become his wife. At a diimer party given by 
his Gist or, Mrs. George Campbell, they were allotted to each other. 
They found muah to talk of, for Mias Graham, though ehc had 
not bad the opportunity of devoting herself to religious work 
in the way that he had been able io do, was m absolute sym- 
pathy with Euch effort, and could enter into and oppreeiate the 
enthusiasm of her new-found friend. The acquamtance thus 
begun promised to ripen into a very real friendship, had not 



MARRIAOE 



W 



w 



ir mtereour^e bfton int^rruptE^d by h'ta departure for the Weet 
dife in thp autumn of th&t E^mc yi«r (1869)^ Froru Tiiiiidad 
wrote to hia slater, Mrs. G(^o^gc OimpbdJ — 



TtKire would bo arnplftecope foryoar broahand pnlotte out }ion*i 
the north loountotue on* unusually ricJi in beautiful vipwa, ajid 
Etrpl«h away in the Ear doal-aace tilt they almost s*?cm to unite mtli 
their t*Ucr brethren on the Spanish main. Among the piienomeiio 
AM HortiB woEkdorful inuJ vu1c&nr» which lie jiidt at t}ie b«ck oF ciiii' 
of our BBtAtA- Thfy Are 8om& 121) ft. ftbov^ sea level, and the eonn 
Iff fnnn 3 to 4 ft, hii^i^ Tbov-ater in the aporture ia quite salt, and 
bubbles up meeasantlj with ^ome lughFy infloiumftblo gim. Hie 
laat «raptioA took place tivo yoare nj^, and it threw up 16,000 tone 
<rf mud in leoe tliatL two hours. Oil aprjngs cxjvt, and tli^ (crcet 
piCfli laki* k & wonder wurth viaitlng Trinidad to aou for itH'ir. It 
1h« been probed For (&r> ft., and no bottom found to it. and iti 
pomvmtB the poouliarity of fi-lling up whatf^vor you tokti from it. 
Il b A ble»k. ug!y place, about 100 aor™ nf black hot pll-cb tnt-M' 
■pflrsed with pociU of water and boiling in tbo oentro. One inch 
«A xh> whole wouhl |^Lve 160,000 tons of urude pitch, the whole of 
wkuc^ would be filled up again in twenty-four hours. GrejiadA is 
tht Qoccn of Wfct Indian iiilanifK fnr romantic beauty, and th^r^, 
l«0> atrar^ ^hts repay a viait. Going up the Grand Epang we 
found some 1,300 ft< above tliE* sea » lake strongly impreguated 
nith iron, in whioh my friend told me nothing cotild live. It » 
•boot two acna itx extent, and hoa no vieiblc outlet or inlet. Loavfuft 
tldft, mr rode along the ridge of hilla wliii-h form the ba^^kbune of 
Uw lalaad, while the &aa elione down at our fo^ with more than 
IMitefTBiioan bluencea. 

"I w»» eoTTy to leave il, but at two we weo? oCf again, ai-eaming, 

toaiing, tcvwing;, ' through th^ green ialandH of glittering B?oa/ 

bwfltifuU too beautiful to di-^!oribo. Hen) uprif^s some hill bright 

•Dd verdoat from the ocoaii, torn midway jjlI^ aome fantdJ^tLC dliape, 

■nd fur rowed with potriea and bailork^. while the light green potohee 

of ■agar cane act off the doeper tlnta of the ever-greon forest till 

it IB [gfit in th? ailver setting of the sunujiiir clouda. A few more 

RUtfB and Dominica breaka npon yon, wild and ruggt^ to the water^a 

alg»; you can almost hear a highland bum ruaiiing do^m the steep 

fuUiott, und the litlls ruiiied town at their feetr seems as if it wan 

difi^kng to the dork ro<^ that would fain spurn and east it away. 

Hhn ia much that U ead in stopping at BPenee \ik*> thia ; the broken 

[i^orit-broken ) indolent looks of the hotter clo^aes, the insolent 

TlliliitB of tlip block as he Wpb in yotir way aa thoug;h to dare you to 

tade lujn, «nd the utter look of dceolation over the ^holc place 

ivttea ' Ichabod ' for even thu meet carele«a observer- One thing 

■Uikta one moat foralbly. fn «ther cities and landn whose glory 



76 



QUTNTIN HOGG 



has pai»od awny, you can point Bt teoHt ti> Hcnne iiiementan of 
Ijriglxti^r tmi4>fl. Not so with the West Indi«G ; no public workd, no 
fin^ buiJdingfij no noble cliaritMra etand even in niina to toll joii of 
better tiinor^. Not iiven tlte remaioH of liouecti of f&ir conHLruL-tiori 
or hflJidsooie B.pp€^rance c^rop up amid the low tlialehod pi^1y«^ 
in which our ' man and a brotbor Li\7^.' No doubt the olimato 
}]BB m\irh In do wiih tliis, d™irciying by ili< d&ciip and mildew with 
marvelloufl rapidity, and ako tlia habit of living m wooden houses 
whiobi of courp*, will not long euTvive in emptinaifl. Still 
metJiInkA liail ouf rorefalhem in tliose 'good old days ^ been Liko 
tJieir ' [ast dt-^^nerating 4^h]]dretl,' aa th« old fngi» ]iav« it. Iticy 
would have loft some mark behind tlicm, beaiJee a,a ignora-nt and 
niijied race, wJucJj ijtar^ &>d'H fair egjlii &iid well-nigh breakB the 
heart of the Qirijitians who try to lieJp them. Certainly it nevd£ 
a [QftQ to live by faith and not by ei^bt to really work lunong ibeee 
wretcFied poople. , . . Tlie odd peLri of it is, that ttje black children 
are imusiufclly alwrp and prpco^iouR ; indewi, 1 exjiert tJiat at thirl-eCTi 
they would bo more advanc^od titan a whito c^hild at the Bamo ago, 
but thi're they Boem to etop end tht- iiil.tiUwt devslopa no mon:, 
whilo all that ia animal in tho nature eE«iaa to bo forced into un- 
natural growth. How I wisli Home of our ucgroplnlitefl would come 
out here and try to live for a year und^ univcraol negro Bunragt ; 
why, Bright^s metBmarphia would be a joke to it 1 There ore good 
the nij^gtfT, but the man who wiclioe to nde hirn as an 
:on. and to do away with i» paternal govenunont, doee him 
a ffrtevoua wi*ong." 



On one of thes© early voyages be found wi elderly friend of 
hia father's on board. One morning as they were pacing to and 
fro together, the butcher eame up on deck U> get a joint out of 
the large obeate in which the meat waa stored- Now the butcher 
wa£ a iat, short little m^ui, and the meat in the safe wae nearly 
osbausted, therefore he hod to reach eo far over tJiat hie 
little lega left the ground and waved invitingly in the an. It waa 
more than the younger procneuader could resist. He j^ave an 
upward tip to the legd that caused their owner to fall headJor^ 
among hie waree, and then fled to a eafe point of vantage. The 
infuriated KtUe butcher alimbed out of the box, and seeing only 
the elderly friend, who bad watched tlio practical joke with an 
indulgent emile^ attacked him furbusly with hie ftcel, eo obvi- 
oualy incroduiouaof hiBferventprotoats of innocence that the poor 
geatleaian judged didcrotion to be Uie better port of valour and 



liARRIAQE 



n 



to hk h«<els- RooDd ftod Toond th« deck tb^^j went, the 
oM ^csiUemaJi liuaberiDg ftkaig t^ fftst fta hia ancient limbe could 
oon? him, gaeprng breatliJeftaly, " It wasn't me — I promiae you, 
it waAi*t me," porsned ever more nearly by the indfgnont, rotund 
litUe botcher, bearing obrioua signs of hia recent mishap, brand- 
tahing hs wcApon and breathing out threata of Tcngeance. whilst 
thift c&nae of all tho trouble held hb akin oa tJic upper dtck and 
lau^ied tin the tears coute. 

TluB voyage proved a moat eventful one, and its after- 
effects TTOught terrible bavoc in Qointin Hogg'a life nuuij 
yean latef. He caught yellow ferer in Trinidad, aad oa 
arrival at St. Thotoafi went to inl^rTJew Ihe doetcr. who 
bold him luHonechar.ceof nco very was to get away immediaLdy. 
The Royal Mail steamer happemed to arrive that very day. 
and the invabd went off in a small boat. But Ihe Captain 
irfnarrf to take him on board. In vain Mr. Hog^ eipostulated, 
implored, explained, even tried the efTe«t of tempting pecuniaiy 
ofiets. The captain vrs regretful and sympathetic, but obdurate, 
and In despair the little boat tunwd haok with ite fever-stricken 
puaengCT, who eat silently huddled up in the stem trying to 
PBQga himself to the death that wai^ inevitable unless he oseappd 
fram that btut-laden climate. But it was rot easy at twenty- 
Gv9 to give ap all tha dreama and ambitknns that crowds 
tan mtnd^ and as a lost resouire he went back to the doctor aiid 
implored him to try hia influence with relentless Fate in the shape 
of a R-M-S- Captain. Backed up by the agent, the doctor eventu- 
ally ftrrviged that on payment of double fare, and binding him- 
«tf by learful oatha to ren^ain isolated in his eabin during the 
,<ntii« voj^agG, tiie invalid might come on board. In tlie bustle 
taunedtftte doparture, tlie doctor forgot to caution h is youthful 
pcitieitt about the m^'clne he bad given bim. v/]mh contained 
lUrge quantity of mercury. QoLntin Hogg, blisafully ignorant 
of ite dangerous properties, took large doses, salivated hinisatf 
i3fBc and over again, and arrived home better indeed of yellow 
iBVtf, but almost dying of mercurial poiBoning. The English 
who w$tS immediately colled in refused to believe it 



7« 



QUIKTIN HOOO 



pofiHifate that &nr nne 9limi\d have takim ihp qnAntitiPs p1at4«d, 
and jet be ttombered among the living. His iron constitution 
alone had aav^d bis lifc^ but even that unfortunately was 
oot proof agaijut the havoc each dceea of p()iAon conld wrcaJc. 
Tlioii^ be pulli^ through ttien, and apparently r^a>veTed his 
beatth, in aft^r yean the doflora attributed much of his ill- 
health and physical Buffering to that early muuae of mercoiy, 

tti the summer of that y^s.T {ISTO} he went up to etay with the 
Qrahama at Urrard, in Perthshire, and resumed his friendship 
with the eyinpathetic lady ol a memorable dinner paity. After 
thU he lieeaotea constant visitor attheirtowuboufieinGroarenoT 
PhKef wht^re \{t, Gralmm'a world-famooa coUeotion of pictures 
waa to bo seen, and where all the moet intereating ^urea in the 
world of art, music and literature foi^theFcd. In March, ISTI, 
he and Misa Graham became cnga;^od. They were almost exactly 
the aamo ags ; their ideoa, Ideals and thoughta were in complete 
accord i and far from his engagement being a distraction or rival 
to his work, it proved only an incentive and eucoura^tment. 
One of the ^i places to which he took his lianc^ to be intro- 
duced waa tLo home in Caatlo Street. She promised to take a 
clase for him, and went down expecting an audience of amall 
bojB : it was rather a ehock to her to find all the worliers gathered 
there also to list^in to her Uiacourae, an ordeal not many girls 
would have had either the pluck or the power to undergo ; but 
Misa Graham emerged triumphant, and was received with open 
arms by atl inmates. After that nha went regularly, taking her 
aliare of the work, assisting in the teaching and supervising ; 
Uien after her fiuuc6 hod made the round of the dormitories, 
they would walk home together, tasting already that union of 
heart and aoul tliat was to endure unbroken for nearly thirty- 
tipo years. 

After a sii weeka' engagement, the young oouple were married 
on the 16lh of May^ at St. Peter's, Eaton Square. It was a mom- 
oig ceremony e* waa then usual. The Hon. Arthur Kinnaird, 
so long thi> right hand of Lis Eton fagmast^r, supported him on 
this ocea«ion also, tlie Rev. J- Joynea and the Rev. R. S,> Tabor 






HARBUGE 



tb* •MTiee. tad thwY the ootufNtny ftdjoamtd to Gros- 
vonor Fbco for the wedding bmkfvt. After it. ihe oeirlj 
iik&rn«i coajJe atuted far Sootkod, taldn^ with tfaCTn a small 
hof wluwi Hr. Hogg ftBeptd to be hie valel ! Ho wu id reality 
on* cf tiM OmUo 6ta«t nfchina, who vftA «o very wicked or so 
TTTf Wftk that the bndc^room d&nd tiot Icftve him to face the 
UmptaliiiQOolPrjifnriTlmrj irij Cim iif niinlf n imj^iniii^i f1 byUb 
iallKMOoe. 

Afte • fottni^t m Sootiaihd they returned to Oio^ham Place 
{the ralet being relegated k> the scliool again) until the middle 
afjnatt when Mr. R. C- L. Bovui, ^ho^e second eon * h^ married 
Oonrtanoe Hogg, lent them Fu^bury Pftrk, in \\~Llt6hirr, where 
they mtUbiocd for « month. Each week a patty of ten bojs 
«UDe down Iiom the home and bad the boat holiday their Iitcq 
had erer known in that beautiful oonntry, sliolling over the 
downs, plajring cricket, eto,, and finding the yotmg wife ae willing 
tad ea^r &b her husband to do ail that could amuse and make 
Iheoi happy- It is et-en rumoured th&t in an emergency abe 
fiddad point during a hurrriedly arranged cricket match. 

Shortly after tbeir marriage an important change was intro- 
doccd into the management cf the home. So many of the boys 
had unproT^d undei (he twning and influence tliey had been 
Bobjeoted to there, and ho many better-claas boys had joined, 
litat Quintin Hogg nad Berioualj perturbed a^ to the advisability 
ol letting them mi2 so freely with the ragged eJeoient that etill 
prtdominated. He therefore avggcated that the girla should remoro 
t> a Aeparat« houae, that the frunt port of the building till then 
flocnpied by them ahould be given over to tJie boja, and that 
Ihft gruond'floor rooms, which were rented by the Christian Col- 
porteur Society during the daytime, ahoutd bo usod in the evoii- 
iog aa an institute for the better-cIaBa boys. The propo^l mt^t 
withaa enthusiastic rpflponae. and thirty-five boys eurolird Uiem- 
dfB as membera on the RpoL Many of them assisted in Um 
vDrk of tho ragged school, and the little ruorus allotted to them 
JVC packed nightly. Those tliiriy-five boys formed the nucleus 
1 Mi, F. a. B«vu 



BO 



QUINTIN HOGG 



of tlie Polytechnic of to-dny, which numbers 18,000 xnemTwra 
and Htudenta; &Tid tliat e3]>rnmoiit, born of tJio An:iioufi care 
of their chief to do whatever was moat truly lor their welfwe, 
n-&a the commenoement of a movement that has wrought untold 
benefit to the efitire ration by providing for itc young men mind, 
body and aouL 

In July the young coupk starts off on their real honeymoon, 
% long tour through AroericaH On tlieir steamer there travelled 
also a litrge party of emigrants, including a number of CaatJe 
Streetboys, who were going out under '*Q.H/a" care to settle ia 
Cannda. Thry rriamed over tJiecountry,depoaiLing a few boys here 
and & few there, and wherever tltey went the Kume Atory of en- 
couragement was told bhem- Everywhere they found boya 
who had been rescued out of the filthy aJumA round Charing 
Cross occupying good pos it ionn, leading clean, upright lives, and 
only too willing to atr^lch out a hand to help others aa they hafl 
themaelvea been helped. It was an encoura^ng record, and one 
that served to strengthen Quintin Hogg's belief in tlie value of 
a fresh start, whieh he maintnjned and acted on all through his 
pbflanthropio career. " I wish," he said once, *' we could see 
more of this supervised, selected child emtgration. I faave found 
it a most fruitful field of usefulness.'* Speaking in the Poly- 
technic on the subject, he said, '' I am a believer in emigration^ 
and perhaps a few worda about Greater Britain beyond the seas 
may not be uninteresting to some of our hoya. 1 have said I 
believe in emigration ; my father went U> India before he was 
twenty, and neariy all my brothere eoughb their fortunes m the 
same coimtty, while during the past quarter of a century I have, 
in one shape or another, assisted over 1 ,000 fellows to one or other 
of our coloniea. No words of mine, however, cjui be of equal 
value with U^ose coming from working men who have actually 
shiftRd their homce to the coloniee during the past few ycara/' 
He Uien quotes from lettora ho had received — from Montreal : 
^'' Wo are very well aatisGed for coming heru, and truly grateful 
to you and the other gentleman that eent ub. My husband has 
hod work ainco ihe first week. He has very kind masters, he 



THE POLYTECHNIC -INF.VNCY 



« 



b woHung at & eoap aad oil faot^^ry- The peoplo here are very 
kind. It i0 a beautiful country, and I onJj wish more of ihc poor 
of EngUnd were hero. There don't aocrn to be any poor horo," 
Another runs : ** I fun glad to tell you 1 am in work, cknd that 
wo have grown enough potatoes to lofit u£ till the spring- Wc 
have thirty chiok^na and a pig, and oro in a fair wa^j of doing 
well. This is a very healthy country." 

Once a man in the States thanked Mr. Hogg for having sent 
him to America. Mr. Hogg failed to recognize him, and then 
the man told htm tlua Eitory , In thoae ragged school d&y?, a 
thief in the London streets had bcien taken to the borne axiii 
orenlually sent out to seek his fortune in the great Republic, 
" Q-H. " telling him that his pofisa^ and outfit coat £L0. and that 
if evet he waa able to rep\y it he ouglit to do so^ to enable another 
boy to be aent. The lad prospered, and then proceeded to use 
that £ 10 by acnding for first one 4ud then another of hta old com- 
tBdc0» looking after the immigrants ajid rocovering the £10 from 
than again wbcn it wo^ poasiiile. In this way twenty boya 
we're bfought out and started afresh by (hat £10. The man 
who had accosted him was one of those twenty- *' You see, 
fir," he ended, " Jack Liscd to say that aa he had been lielped 
lumaelfp ho felt bound to pass it on." 

In 13T€ Sir Frederic Ho^»' whilst travelling in Cannda, wa:» 
Ulinn over a large boot and hboe fach.r[y» w}iere lie found two 
vi hia brother's proteges. '* One,*' he wrote, *' ia employed aa a 
Jareman and gets £30 a year. Both the young fellows spoke 
affectionately and gralcfdty of you, and tliey tni.[uired eagerly 
whether you fttUI went to Hanover Str^oet, Ikow yoii were, etc. The 
manager said that these boys b^an by being almoat hope* 
iFady bad bargains, and now are thoroughly refmrnied. One is 
Ihe leader of a temperance society. Their gratitude to you 
tnoehed me ; there can be no doubt but that your belp saved 
ten from ruin."' 

Having aettted the London nrchinq in their new homes, (he 

brcdlen went on to Niagara, and after making a tour oJ the 

* A hrottm of Ur. Qiiintin Hogg. 



QUINTIN HOGG 

l»attlef»l(fc of the Civil War of North and South, tooV stwim^r 
from New York to St. Thomaa. and thenre to Demprara : a pUce 
witli whloh Mrs. Hogg aftarwarda became abnoflt as familiar 
as her huaband, thia being but the first of eight viiita. Whilst 
in Georgetown as the guesl« of Mr. Gamett (whose son afterwards 
became a ward of Mr. Hogg). Mn. Hogg had e bad fall down 
the etairfi, and injured herself BuffiuJently to delay their depart- 
ure for Bome time. Sir Jamee was keenly anxious they ahould 
spend ChrifitmnB with him, so a? soon as ahe was able to move, 
Ihey rather regretfuUy turned their faces homewards and arrived 
at Cbeahain Place just before Chrifllmas, There, in February, 
their ^-st son was born, and christened Douglas McUarel, after 
the brother-in-law who had wrought so great a change in tbe 
fortunes of the erstwhile " tea-taater.*' In May they moved to 
their Rret home in Eiohmond Terrace, and plunged with re- 
newed ardour into the ever- increasing work among the boys and 
girla in the various homea. Mt8. Hogg not being very strong, 
could not do very much active work, but ahe took the even 
harder task of paesive self-forgetfulness. It waa by no means 
a sinecure. They had been married only a year, they were both 
young, and close comtodos, and it oaimot always have been ca^y 
to qoaah the destre to keep him at home and to urge him to 
leave the boys for once to stay and amuse ber, but 1 do not think 
m aU tlieir long married life her huehand ever received any- 
thing but encouragement and tiyinpathj' from her. ever heard one 
single word of reraonslranco or even of reluctant consent to any- 
thing he thought neces^arf for the furtherance of his life work. 

That summer tbey bad arranged to go to Urrard ^ togellier, but 
ten days before they were to start Ed w^ards,^ then" butler, came 
and told of a wonderful American preaching at Frank White's 
Chapel. Ilia name ? Mr. D, L. Moody. Mr. Hogg had n:jet 
bim in America, and when he heard that tlie evangelist had do 
friends in London, aad was going to a hotel, he immediately sent 



' Th» Qrahamn" homn in Perthahlro. 

> He, OB well aa thejr coachauui, Faulkuer. always took clauM hi 11* 
ragged ochooL 



THE POLYTECHNIC--INFANCY 



13 






invited hirn bo make Rit^hinond Terrace, his home during 
«tay in London. That i>vening he Look aome of his boys 
bear the ™itor. They wore so gpcatly impressed that the 
next night a contingent ol about fifty boys turned up. Mr- 
Moody h^ the s&me magnetic power over moaaes of people that 
Qoiiitin Hogg poeaessed over individuals, and the influence he 
eiCMted on Uxeee poor boys w&a bo marked thiLt their Itiader felt 
it wa£ an opportunity he dared not let alip. The boys were 
aooie of them quite broken down by the service, and wore more 
lo religious influence than they had cv^-r l>eeQ. It woa a 
terrible disappointment, but Mrs. Hogg swallowed aU person&J 
feeling ae usual, and agreed at onre that it was a crisia in which 
tlio influtrnce of one they knew and trusted muflt not be removed. 
She went north with her baby, leaving her husband to cultivate 
the good seed that had beeo sown so plenteously. The oeoount 
the vork ia beet told in hia own words in a letter to Mr. Pel- 
haui — 



Hopeo 



I 






Almoet by chance £ lieard that Ut- Hoodyp of CbicagOp wob to 
preach at Cf»rii»^ffc Chapel, and went to h?<ar liixu. He fipoko with 
much power, and I was j^ul to Snd that he wbh going U» a hotel, 
wbioh fciabJed tne to Be«uT« him ae my guwt- On tlie Monday 
following wo dos^ school, and I invited ibe home boye ajid your 
dSM to iMiiTte to U^ hfrf! rni Tunutay and then go to |}par Moody 
ftt Chslaea Chapel, They did so, and every amglo boy there woa 
brokoD down more or (uo. Gloveo pToftxoad to Toid peace that 
night. Tlie following flight I ddki?id oiiy who liked to cume again, 
•ltd fifty iiCiyK came to tlio chApoL and wt? Imd a special aervice in 
llie BcL<jo]roo£D for them. I wnit round after th« gse van out and 

pmyeil with each alone. Little R was very unhappy- THb 

folknring night I hold yoirr elaea at my house, fifty-eight came. 

Jlin Dru» ^ tooh the addrca?. and I apoke shortly Bftorwarde. 

veraJ profeaaed peace. TIib next night I 1^ a utnall reading : 

Uw boys who <<amn seemed to have a right notion of the inith 

fooept C B who could not quit« aoo it- I took the earoo boys to 

bF«r Poole preachatB 's tent; uob much ]K)Wttr. I gave a general 

picnic in vilalion tothehonie. and your class and ten Soeiety ■ boys for 
tfae Sunday^ All who lih^ were to oome here at 10.30. We wera 



^ Afli«rwardH Ifib Hon. Mra T. PvlttauL 
• 6hoeblHk Society. 





H 



QUINTIN HOOO 



then to g|o to Chi^lsoB Ch&pef, thenoe to dino at. Clifshani PJace Ml! 
Tbon «iiher 60 Kem^ington O&rd&na or diapel fi^ain at plcaeura. 
Tt» at 5. i:hapcl at n.3f>; seven iy-adveii buys CAmi\ ami we had A 
roost blesewl tirae. E. P. being hit and several in the inquirer'a 

room, and D Htanding up and CDiJeaaiiig Joena^ ] am holding 

auoUieir Bible olaM hero t<t-iiigbt. and lo-morrow >ve go to imar 
Moody's farewell addreea at CheJsea ChapeL You will be pleaded 

to boar that oa Tuesday iiamediatoJy after the toe&tingt M got 

iiold of 8 , brought liim oil Ub knoea, and was QoablEvl completciy 

to break him down. Poor boy, be was briniming over wiUi joy in 
hia bed, wondering at his own boldncaa and Ood^a gruat lovo to 
him. I am ataying in town lilJ the end of tho wrek, as I feel that 
iinlees earnest building up is ofutl^ on, much haiin tnny b« 6on& 
and souls ruinod. May the Lord continuo and eatablieh the pood 
>vurk He lias bc^gun, It la ratbur on uiy nund to or^riEilsti a branrii 
of tba Y,M.CA. among tho boys, os now there must be over forty 
boys oonfcasiug tho Lord among os^ Of course, some titay not bo 
in earnest, but tho whole work is so ntanifestJy tlie Spirit's Uial 1 
can't doubt but tliat many will stand. All tho older ChriBtiana 
are in sympathy witli the newly bom once. Writo and lot mo 
know wliat your plane are^ ae your Bible class aliould h& carefully 
watched now. Pray mu«h lor us all hero, as Satan wiM not be slow 
in trying to mar the work.'^ 

Ab soon as Mr. Pdliam could return to lake charge, Mr Hogg 
joined th« GmliaJiia at Uirard, but how full his thoughts and 
prayers xtil] were of thofia " new-bora ones *' ho bad left, another 
letter to Mr^ Pelbam allows — 

'* I have beon longing for a word about the boys* to know whu 
remiuiift fitoadfaat and what ia the practiijal rceult of Uio awakening 
under Mr. Moody. We bad a meet,Lng lipre ImI Sunday, and I 
purpoflo spoaking again to-night and evory alternate night till £ 
leave. The cottage is ov>?rcrowded and juaoy oaonot get in ; ono 
feels sueh strange pteoeuro in preaching on the hillside of Covenanter 
liills, and in tjie neighbourhood of McCbeyne^s revivals. In moot 
plocee in Scotland there ia abundant knowlEd^, but, atae I littlt) 
life, L^t mo heap of tlie hoy^. T almost Immble to think of what 
God hais given us in conuuitting so maiky of Hia babcia to our ohargo i 
but He who wBfl Hufficitnt for ua in the aecd lime will not be found 
wanting Jr the harvest, and if Ho be for ue, who can pre veil against f " 

1 Wltor? his porontfl ware thon rosiding. the nat« of (>3Lc]&niatioa 
are duei, I bslieva, &<> the foci, that the ini^tB(i'>ii la dine ih«re with the 
boyi did nor. emafiata frnm his paDple. ami would hardly have raceivad 
uk «nihuaa*ti« endorsement from Sir Jjuiim Hogg, 



THE POLYTECHNIt^-iNFANCY 



8fi 



I 



^ 



In August & amall house was taJcen at Brighton, the binhy heinii, 
Jrft at Drrard, fto that his pwvinta migbt be freer to cope villi 
parlies of hoys. At 24, Portland Pla^e, E^t CUff, was nukde the 
tenttttiTe commeneemcnt of the holiday homes now ec^ttered all 
oyer the kingdom during the summer and autumn months, where 
for sunia ranging from 15*. to 20j. a week Polytechnic mombertj 
can paas their hoLidays ; and from thia time onwardi the boyn 
shared whatever autunm holiday (lUna Mx. and Mra. Hogg made. 
CoDCemnig this place Mr. Hogg ^ain wribea to Mr- Pelhaiu^ 

^'1 tiavc taken a lioueeat Drightonfor the boys ; way wife andl go 
down tbeT« on Saturday, and the boyfl follow the same evening. 
1 sh*ll expect you lo come and fielp whenever I have to go to London. 
We won't talk about your giving up the Bible cLeum yet ; we filukll 
liAV& te K-ATronge otir work when the Institute is fairly at work. I 
un now Forming a tract Ubtribution arroiigoment among the boya, 
1 haw bought a bu-ge numbtTp and will fitll tIjGin at a noiiunal rate, 
AS I don^t think they »ihou]d oftpt tn God wlint eoatd Ih^rn nottilng. 

O J and M , and C prayed quite beouti/uUy ai the after 

niftritiinf M is tta bright an i^vpt-'^ 

Krom Brighton constant tripa to town were necei^a&ry, not 
only for buainesa purpoees, but alao to keep Ca«tle Street going. 
"We have had over SO boya every school ainee opening, and 
only Ofior, mysaU and my coachman as tenchera," he writeti to 
Mr. Pelham. 

'Qm winter wop spent at Richmond Terrace except for a 
short trip to Italy, wlien they spent Chrifltmas Day on Veajviiw- 
He had long exprof^sed & very ardent desire to visit Italy, say- 
ing once to his aistere, *' I envy you Venice ; it is the one place 
1 aboold choose to see of all the towns on tlie face of the 
e^rth." In March 1^73, it became necessary for him to p&y 
^ flying visit to DemerarA. 

He arrived back in July, just before the birth of his eldeot 
dfttightcr, Elsie. In July 1874, Lady Hogg died ; her Iom 
WW a torrible grief to all bor children, and to hor youngest 
K>D she had prevod the most wise and sympathetic of coua- 
BcRon. "Twenty year» have not availed to lessen the sense 
which cftmo ujHJn mo when ahc entered into her Kei" 



QUIKTIN HOGG 



he said to some one passing througli & aiiDil&r Mirrow ] 
indeed it would be difficult to ovfireatimale the benefit* 
he owed to bia mother's noble influence. There were 
tno human beinga who, at difl^rent periods* exercised » 
VOfj notioeable influence on Quintin Hogg's spiritual 
life. These two inHueiices. thnugh diametriciLlly oppoM'd, 
serred eventually to complement each other ; hnt Ihe bat- 
tling of what appeared irreconcilahle forces until thej at 
laat blended in liarmonious unity, led him Uirough spiritual 
experiences that enabled hicn to uudecntand the soul slmgglea 
of otherH as nothing else could have dune ; and Lima eonttibuted 
largely to the development of that jK>wer of rapid coinpre- 
heuftion f>f the unexpreuded, perhaps inexpreanible diflieijltieH 
nf those with whom he came into contact, whicli wh» of sueh 
inestimable advantage to him in his individual clTi^rta, Tlie 
two persona who eieroined 90 far-re&ehing an inflnen(*e over 
him were, firstly, hw own mother, and secondly, his futher-in- 
law, Ml-- William Graham, Idtdy Hogg was a deeply afiectianate 
woman with plenty of determination and strength of character, 
but her rehgioufl optnioos had been moulded in the atnVtest 
Bohoot of Puritaniam. She accepted unqueetioningly the 
doctrines of verbal inspiration, of eternal punishment, eto,> 
etc., which were indeed held by the majority of her generation ; 
in tact, flhe not only believed them herself, but considered 
abaolute adhesion to them an essential of salvation, and tljiJ^ing 
thua^ she naturally did all in ber power to secure her son's alJegi- 
anoe to theBe pnnejplee. How deeply hei' te^^ching wa^ im- 
planted in QuiDttn Hogg'u mind is shown by his own refer 
enw^ to tlid shoolc he received when reason (rompelLed him to 
abandon some of these early inculcated doctrines. Then he 
came into close relationship with another deeply religioua 
character of a totally different type. Mr. Graham poescoeed 
one of those rarely buiutlful temperaments whoso sweetness 
and serenity act as a taliBman to guard tlieni from all that 19 
unlovely and kiaiBh, Mr. Hogg often epolto of him aa one of 

> See pa^ 30a. 



THE POLYTECHNIC— 1NK-\NCY 



87 



I 



the moet lovable men he hod ever met, and tlio mflaent^c of 
Biach » Dfiture. with ita livifig doctrines of universal love, of 
etemaJ tendemcfls and mercy, supplied &il that waa wanting iQ 
the rather stem creed of the younger man. One might aay 
that the religion of Lady Ho^g was founded mare on the lofty 
Austerity of the Old Testament, that of Mr, Oraliam on the all- 
pervading gentleness of the New Testament ; and the inilaence 
of both was clearly diacemible in tlie virile convictions which 
became the very eesence of Quintln Hogg's inner life and 
which exhibited the sahent features of both. 

The sudden foas of one to whom he owed ao much, and on 
wfaoee love and sympathy he had eo lung relied, wae too great 
ft strain. Nature at last rebelled s^aiost being expected to w()rk 
at double pn*BHure all the time, and overworked and exhausted 
afl he was. the shock of his mother's death pn;j\<xl Llie last 
■timv. For weeks he lay at ChriatchurDh (wliere the Hoggs 
had taken a hou»e for the nummer), hovering *twiit life and 
death. A nnree was hurriedly summoned, whose ministra- 
Kkms were not altogether desirable from the patient's point 
of view ^ Aceoniing to his accoont. ^' Mra. Gamp ** need to 
wait till htr9. Hogg had gone to bed^ and would then take her 
c^harg^'s pillows and wraps and make lien^lf comfortable on 
the sofa. He wsa too far gone to be eapAble of resintance or 
remonstrance even when or awaking in the morning she meas- 
ured OiUt the quantity of medicine he ou^ht to have imbibed 
during the uighl, and poured it down hia throat in one vast 
doae 1 He also used to tell a story of Sir William Jenner, 
who drove down from London three times to see him during 
bia illness. On one of these occasions the local practitioner 
mentioned that his heart had been troubling bim. and asked 
the grettt dootor to aound it. Sir William made him take 
oS coat and waistcoat, and then placing his arms round the 
suBcrer'A body and laying hie ear agamst his chest, ordered 
hhw to hop. During tbia performance Airs. Hogg happ<^ned to 
go into the room to hear tbeir verdict about her husband; 
the spectacle of the partially disrobed doctor hopping vigorously 




QTHNTTN HOGG 



rourd the tahle tightly ctasped in 8ir WilliaiD^s embrace wmi tno 
mneh for h(*r startled nerves I After one prolonged HtAn-. 
flhe fled book to th(> pjrk room to infciriLi her hirsbatid that oni«, 
if not both of his n>edicft1 adviBpra iiad gone atat^ ntATing rii&d 1 
For ft time typhoid And rlieiimatic fever neemed to be wiiuiing 
the fight, and hope w&s practically abandoned. One at ;i time 
IMr, Hogg Bent for the boya who were atayiog there, and spoke ft 
few words of farewell to e&eh. When they were disrnL'^sed, they 
went creeping miserably about the pliic^, wnlkiDg on the gmve) 
patbR in their soeks and sleeping in the bams and ouEhouoefl 
sooner than re-enter the bouse at all late, for fear the slightest noise 
flliould diHturb the real the dof^toni bad declared to be imperft' 
tive. But his work weis not yet aeeompiislied, ftnd gradualJy 
the weight of anxiety waa lessened, and the patient Btruggl^baok 
to the world from the very gates c>f that valley he was destined 
to enter »o peaeefulty w^ieii his labour was ended. When he wae 
oonvaleseent, lie and his wife made a trip to the West Indies. In 
IB75 their E4e<M>nd boy, Ian Graham, was bom. He was a very 
delioate baby, and durmg his ohi]d}iood Jiifi heaUh woe a 9(*i:rc?e 
of iineeaaing anxiety to tiiem, ITuU spring Mr. Moody returned 
to England for a miHsJon. H^ took up hb quarters at Kichuuind 
Terribce, a brougham was set apart for his oxclitaive use, and a 
general plan of campaign mappt'd out. Four or fivo ladies wore 
kept busy all day answering letters, Quintin Hogg undc^rtakiog 
in addition to bis already far too hea^y labours, the duticci of 
ohief Boerotary- The meetings were held in the Haymorket 
Opera House. 

It wa« during this visit that Mr. Moody arranged to go down 
and hold a meeting at Kfcon. For some reason, the authoritiofl 
tooh alarm at the proapect; one of the elerieal dignitaries of 
Windsor evm went so far as to assert that " the Amerloan ** waa 
only ccioing to preach Republican doctrines, and asked that ft 
reinforcement of troops should be sent in readiness to defend the 
Coatlo * The dispute waxed so hot that a question was asked 
in the Houae of Lords on the subject. Mr. Hogg went down to 
hoar the debate^ and as lie was coming away be met l-ord Lome. 



I 



THE POLYTECHNIC— INFANCY 



\Wo, QiUOlJa. 1 bev yoJi cwn Ulk of nothing bot football 
'mrtd rvligiab," c&Ued oct Ihs Utter cbaffingly. His fn^<nd vtts 
not to be outdone. ^* I have givQii up footbaJl, ao ] snppoM 
tliet«*> DOthmg left me coaveraatioo&llj but religion," he An- 
wrered- Ev«QtaalIj it wa^ Amnged that tbe meeting should 
be held ia a tnkdeamftn'a gardea v^tj privately, to ftvoid hurtlD^ 
aii7OO0'«maoe<ptibUiti«s. Avcfy nioe^^iaietlittJe gatJicnDg took 
piftce, nor doae tbe LoetJe appear to have ke«Q in very serious peril! 

Tbat suiDiuer b boit» was taken near Strathalljm, aiid abed^ 
wfe knocked ap for the boys, nho came in batcbee of \im%y^ 
Tbe hoUdajr tvae ovefioeet by the tragic death of the Grahams' 
^nntngoit son, wba look an av«rdoee of somd medicine cont&imog 
uofphia, uid waa dkoovercd in ui inaensiblo ooadjtion too Ute 
for bis life to bo sav«d. In 187^ Sir Junei U<W ^^ ^(^ e^ 
nonth'fi iUnees. 

Tfae next two years vnsre oJmost ontir^y ^pent in yachting, 
fini round about the Channel, and Uiea farther afield to the West 
Indke, babirs; Lfoys und all 1 The Ekhriuh. oe Uie yoclit was 
C^ed. onoe had a te^ble paaeage throu^ tbe Bay. and the nigbt 
the Btorm wiu at ita vorat, '* Q,tl." aaw a rocket fired in the da- 
tancc He tamed to the captain and asked if it did not mean 
that * ahip was in distreea. The captt^in replied tiiat It waa 
ptobtkh^ only fired to present the yoclil from going Uxi close. 
adding tbnt in any caoe he coold not turn her in aucb a aca, to 
«4ucb the owner rather indignantly answered that jf another boat 
waa ia dnnger the yacht muflt of ooume go to her A^btaoce. 
The captaJD arooothoi matters by explaining that if she were in 
real peril ahe would be showing the Board of Trade aignal of Uirec 
li^lein a trianiEle. Hardly were the words out of his mouth when 
the thre« lights were plainly aeen in th<^ vcaaerH riggingn " Now," 
Aid Mr. Hogg quietly, "you must go to her aeHifll&noo»" but the 
CKptain answered that be wa^ reeponsible for the Uvea on board, 
thai be could nut and would not turn tbe :^h]p, and that nothing 
hiM employer said could make him alter bis decision. There 
happei^ed to be on board a pilot whooi tliey had been unable to 

it off at Dartmouth in conaequcnoe of the weather, and who 




n 



QUINTIN HOGG 



bad consented to come on to LkboD and take the boat into the 
harbour, bo Mr. Hogg sougbt him out and odked bim vbetlicr 
he would turn tbe yacLt if be, u owDer, took the entire respoost- 
biljty. Tbe man a.Baented. Tbe captain oa bearing of this 
arraJigenient, replied that he had nothing furtlier to say and 
retired to hia cabin. Orders were then given for tkowt who 
wished to gtaj on deck to go on the bridge^ for aJI olbenj U^ go 
below, ereTytbing was battened down, the deadlights screwed 
up, and tbe yacbt was beaded rrtund, all hands being prepaif<] 
for tbe heavy ^eas that were certain to come aboard. As 
«he got into the trough seTeral enormoLis ones were afdpped, 
one touching the end of tbe bridge aa she rolW over, but once 
before tbe wind tbe dan^r was over, and ahe waa soon close to 
tbe little Hteamer. which presented a most pitiable appearance r 
wallowing helplessly in the trough of the seo, her anchor not 
being large enough to keep her head on, with her sailfl hanging 
in ribbons. The pilot asked through tbe speaking trumpet 
tt^hat tbe matter was. the answer c«Die back that her engines 
had broken down, and that she wauled lo be towed. As it 
was, however, quite mjpoasible for tbe yacht to attempt lbi» 
in such weather, all that could be done was to offer to take off 
the cTsWf but this the slearaet*& master refused, saying he would 
not be jualified in leaving bi:^ ^bip so long aa she was eouiid, and 
therefore he asked that his plight should be reported in Lisbon and 
a tug sent out to bis assistance. Nothing was ever heard of tbe 
steamer again, but a Toeeel of her description wa« known to 
have foundered off Finisterre. The yachting party ultimately 
arrived in Demerara, whence Mrs. Hogg retained to England- 

The Colony bad now begun to reap the benefit of the enonnoua 
sums of money Mr, Hogg and his firm bad spent and continued 
to spend on improvements and sea deienoes, and in reco^ition 
of this, the leading Colciiista gave the partner a banquet at which 
speeches laudatory of his entcrpriae were made. The sea de- 
fences of Belair/ whicli adjoined the city of Geor^town, cost 
enormous sums of money, and the opinion in the Colony at the 

' One of ths Ortu^fi ottalfiiL 



THE FOJLVTECHNIC— DfKANO 



n 



linie they wen oommeno«d waa tb^t th<* finn conid hAve forced 
tho Go^^mBMQl to hcmr &t k«At & portion of the expecfle, na 
wTtboQl them nothing oonJd bfiTc SAved the town from being 
w&sfa«d i»w&7- As it w&e, in epite of the lAi^ge soms expended 
on them, ihcy bn>ke on two oocudonB, mToiTiog fnrlhtr Fecy 
bearj oatl&y, Tbe y&cbt ftfteivaitb cude a ahoit craiee to 
Cub* ; ^m Hftv&nft Quintm Hogg waa ceiy deoiiooa of visit- 
in^ CScfifcegos, bnl owing to the hrigandAge existing ftt that 
time, the Goremor would no^allowtbe croes-country journey to 
be made without the ineritable " guaid/' 00 perforce he had to 
conaeut to being accompanied by a quartet of theoe ^* aoldicn/* 
and used lo declare that he could not have fared worse if he had 
been left to the tender mercie« <if the real article I 

Mrv. Hogg had returned home from Demerara in the spring, 
her buaband landed at Bri^liton in June, and arrived at Rich- 
mOTMi Terrace juat a few houi^ before the birth of t!»eir second 
daughter, IJie writer of thia m&rtioir. In the autumn, a place 
in Hampehire some seven mQes from Southampton, called 
Holly Hill wiLS rented, and proved such a snccean that on the 
cjpiration of the lease Mr. Hogg purehaaed the property. 

In the eariy yeara of liis married Life, Quintin Hcgg wan very 

Dck interefitfH^ in spJHtualLi^m. Heosed at Gr^t to arrange for 
oes in Richmond Terrace, bat one day the children ran into 
the room crying with terror, becau^ they declared " there was 
anrae one in the nurnery, they couldn't see any one, but they 
knew there was some one.'' and after lUis he would not allow 
imy meetings in his own house. His interest soon waned, for 
he found the deceit and frauds practised by the profesaionnt 
mediums rendered it impossible to separate (he real issuer from 
the false, unle^ a great deal of time and personal attention 
vere given to it. Once when the epirit tliat had been speaking 
through the medium professed to be that of hia mother, he re- 
marked drily its.i lie could only say if it were 90, she must have 
■adly deteriorated both morally and iDteklectually uince aiie Itad 
left this world : 

Meanwhile the " Institute/' aa the front part of tite hnu^- 







QUTNTIN HOGG 



devoted to thn betit^r'cJHm boyn wan cftlled. had outgrown its 
abell hopelessly. The l.hrrty tneinbere had innrea^ved to three hun- 
dredn tlui hojse vas crammtid every evening Ui itn uttennoAt 
capacity, and evnn tJien [mived LoLiilly inadequate. In 1878 
ranch larger preniieefit were f^ertired in Long Avm, but the trans- 
action v/nR kpipt an ahsolutf^ s^rpt, ft.nd thp first fntin}at;ir>n the 
nember^ had of th&ir good fortiinf^ war s,n invitaUon to the 
New Tear'fl rerGption to bo h^ld in honour of tha opening of 
the new premiMvt. Burning with curioBity, the entire three 
hundred tamed np. As he arrived, eat^h member wOH handed 
a tnygtericus ticket inscribed with a number, which was ^par- 
ently entirely purposeless, but whioii he v&n adviaed to cherish 
carefully. A ^umptnous tea had been provided in the Great 
Hall, after whtoh the Tables standing round the walls were un- 
covered. Then the rai^n tVetre of the tickets was revealed. The 
tables were covered with presenle^ nil nunibeivd, and every mem- 
ber was entitled to the parcel which bare tlie number corrrM* 
ponding to that on his ticket. 

The removal to Long Acre marked the definite separation of 
the Institute from Uie Ra^^^ed School, and tlie rapid develop- 
ment of the educational and social exporituentfi in tlio former 
gradually absorbed more and more of Quintin Hogg's time. After 
the opening of the prcmisee in Long Acre, hia life atory ifl written 
amongst boys of a different Btamp end claM. Tlio othtr work 
wa* oanied on for som© time ; Mrs, Hojjg had a rcacuo home for 
girls, which was maintained for five years entirely at her hus- 
band's expense; Castle Street was taken over and managed by 
one of the Institute mombera, who ofterwards became the Secre- 
tory of the Wooiwicb Polyteohnio ; the Ragged Schools (taught 
by teachers approved by Govemmentj a regulation introduced 
in 1871) ceased only when the Board Schools rendered them 
icHs necessary ; whilst the eTangelioal work in and around 
Bedfordbury and Covent Garden under tbe control of Mtp 
CoXt a missionary who liad been working under Mr. Hogg 
since 1870. was continued until hia health broke down many 
years later- Before taking leave of these poor waifs of the streets 



THE POLYTKOHNIC-mFANCV 



n 



I 



I 



* 



«rho were the earliewt objects of " Q.H.'s '' loriag care, 1 fihuuld 
like to give some of the tributes they have pakl hiui, mxce i\mr 
lives Abow more truly andsiuiply tJi&uanytiiiiLgthjeiQiport&DueoF 
the pervnukl chamct^^ of lua work ^nd tie extiaordiiiiuy infiu- 
cn« he exercjaed over thi>fle with whom he came into i^oiitact. 

Wlrere powibletheflo tributes are quoted in the words of those 
who aeot them Ui mo. 

SrOBlxa QtVCH IIV VAAIOtJfl MEUBEBfi OT TBB HaQOBD BOHOOtA 

"Dvring Mr, Hogj;'^ mi^^icm work in York PUci.^, bo hAdheard 
that 9 poor wom&D living up a narrow court in Uie neighbourhood 
vttfl m bad in difltTTHB- I waa liviiig otose by ; he inqnirprj of mu 
tosliotr him hcf dwelling;. We went up into her room, whofd nho 
l»y in bed very ill : he spoko very kindly to bor. and eaw ahe Deeded 
notiriahment. He then aaki^d me to take htm to a bul4?her'i thop, 
W© went to one in Kmg WJIianj Street, CliArinf; Grose ; he bought 
■omo beef* and rHjut^l^ me tci take it to Uit^ aicJc wciiuui^B Jiomi* 
that abe tiiJght have nome b^ef-tea. Venre liRve poiupd amtt? thiA 
occurred ; but the iacidtjat ahows how lar^ liLt hi^jirt woa whilel 
ywt ao young." 

"I went with Mr. Hogg one evening to visit a member who was 
dying. Poor boy, he lir-ld out hia liand, and said, * Thajik you, Mr. 
Hogg, for the Tnalitutc.' Anottierof ourfeUow-ineniberBhe litkd ^ven 
a BibJe, whi'^h I often baw Jyiii^ about on tlie H^ieLvee. As Mr. Hogg 
vrmlkvd to }iifl udual place noar tjia book shc^lvefl, he noticed thc» Biblo 
wAd iic^Wted. He gLaD^'OiI roundf and wLieii lie caught the kxiy^s 
ty^ha 'gavehim a look.' Such alook, oticeaeen, never rorgoiton." 

"One instance I caa recall thAt gave rns an insight into iJie love 
nnd sympathy that Mr, Hogg hod for hie boye. He iiad iuvii«d ^ 
nombor of ua to Rpcnd our summer huhdays with hiru in Stotland i 
a was the fiTBt wiick'fl holicUy in my lifo, bo you may imagine what 
an ex-etit it wae for toe. Within a ahori time of arriving in SooUand, 
ruany of us wero tokeo very ill witli severe abbackd of colic. Mr. 
Uogg WBB very anxious about up> and ussd to doae na. One night 
after piqruciiiig ua he aaid, ' Cood night, bod boys' (liia UfluaL 
a^hilAtJon to ua] ' and no more tcJking/ blew out the light and left 
cn^oMwe thonght, but in tlie momiug I was iufcrmi^d he had stopped 
with ua all night, fe&ring some of us might be taken bod.'^ 

** W>Kn B [ad about sixtoeo yc^m of age £ worked at a prmting oHlce 
lib the Strand, and part ot my duties waa to fetch the mcn'^ boer, 
Ondday I was prn(««ding in my Hhirt^leevea and iipron on, loaded 
with beer can«, wh^n a geableeaati stopped me. It was Mr, Hogg. 
l|«wanb with mo to get the bocr sird then walkc^d back to my shop 
■ttli ma. Baking all about my work and my welfare generaily i ha 





94 



QDINTIN HOGG 



did not mind waLkinR with mc along the buHiesL part cf the SLr&Juli 
although I watt loodHi with btwr cans. 

^' Anothor tiinf> Ur. Hogg told mo of two boya ho had picked tip 
living wTvtclied lives in a pLoco caltod Bodfoi^bury, a doji of t>hiBve» 
then, and took them to a liomo he had in York Place, Strand ; 
be bought them a rig-out aod iound thom work, and they boo mod 
very Imppy and contented, until ono day thoy went to Mr. Hogg 
Biid told him they intended to leave the home. He ssked them 
why* wore they not eornfortoblo T Yce, they wore ; but thoy had 
decidtxl to leavo ilielt work, they H-ere goifig out thieving ; they 
did not care about regutnr work, Hr. Hogg reasoned with th»n, 
and told them wltat tho end of Euch a Paraet woiild he — -probably 
penal ssrvitudo. He appeared lo hnve convinced tliemt and tliey 
told him thuy had aJtered tJioir Tuinda, Socm after, however, one 
of th^m went away, tidring vitb him Itie compiuiion'e eJothco and 
anything e[ee he couJd lAy his hnnda on, followed aoon after by liLb 
compamon, Mr- Hogg w»a vary frienrily with the poHce nffinialsst 
Scotlaod Yard, who often brought to hmi hom^l<«s boye whom tliey 
found in the ebreete, Skod informed them about the two boysi and 
gave a di^c^rijition of tliem. The ^H^liru Boon caii^^lil tliem and 
brought them bock to liim- Mr. Hogg apoke kindly to ibem, and 
aaked if they would like to go abroad to get away from tb&ir evU 
companions; they eagerly jumped at the idea, and Mr. Hogg 
bought them a kit each, paid Uifut paeaags to America, and when 
they arrived thorp got a friend of hift to look after them and gi^t 
them work- Some ypars aftt^r, Mr. Htigg wrnt lo America and 
viaitMl New York^ and mquir&d aft«r theee boj-a. He found ooe of 
thnui, the one that eitole hia companion^H clolhre, honffit and lu- 
ditBtrrous* and an nmplLiyer nf Itibaur* bnt the other one liad gone 
Lo the dogs and was a billiard-inarkor in a gambling heJI in the 
Bowery, one of tho fllume of New York/* • " 

'' I tldnk we boya at the Inntitnt*? weiv always on Mr. Hogg*H mind 
iind Ixpiut, I remember one Sunday oitcmoon at Hanover Street 
we were informed that Mr. Hogg waa too ill to take the close Ihat 
Sunday. I forget who did take it., but afttr it waa over. Mm. Hugg 
told mf> that Mr. Hogg wanted to see me oft^r the evening serince* 
I werxt down to Richmond Terrace and saw Mra. Hogg, wiio took 
me into Mr. Hogg'd tx.'dioom. where he wat lying very ill in the 
dark; he grraUxl me very kindly^ and llien AAked me- about my 
work. He wee going to epprentioe toB, and wanted to know ii I 
h'vl docidnl about Jiiy plocti ; even in his illnetfi i^e t^ould not forget 
tua boyi, 

''At the Biblo elafis he waa always on the look-out for any new 
fellows, and would come up to us old boye and would eay. ' Who ia 
that boy over there T ' and would sometimes say to me, ' Harry, find 
out that young feLIow'e name, and let me know,' 1 hod then to 
go and make his acquaintance, and n^h ium tiis name ; then Mr, Hogg 



THE POLYTECHNIC— INFANCY »5 

wmld go iq> to him, and laying hia hand kindly and lovingly on hia 
ohooldir, get into oonvonation with him, and BOon pat him at hia 



"HavaaBhrAy* thinking what he oould do to mako ub boyv happy , 
mo he bon^it a large steam yacht called the JVay^Vtruvr, and took 
about sbdy ot oa for a we^'a cruiae— think of it, ftixly London boys 
going to aes fcv a weekt to sleep on board — iriiat a week's delight. 
We were to board tl^ yacht «t Soathampton. We left Waterloo 
StatioD, arriving at the docks in the evening, and went on board in 
the nkkbt of a thundflrrtorm, but we did not cara for that, we were 
oo^ too KOxkiQfi to board oar veeaeL Aft«r breokiBHt the next 
morning, Hr, Hogg aaked qb where we would like to go to^ bo we 
decided on the Channel iBlondB- Af(«r Bpendiog two deli^tfnl days^ 
wo wvre uroeaiug from there in tiie OFening and having a oonocrt, 
when anddenly the wmwI stopped with a jerk ; the captain, who was 
in hia cabm Bhaving at the time^ rushed up on deck, sjid found we 
had stuck hard and fast on a sand-bank ; the man at the wheel 
had befiu paying more attention to the Hinging than to hii oompaas. 
Wo remsed the caigines fnll speed astern, the foghorn blowing all 
tbe tune, and we feUowa enjoying the ai^ee, Hr. Hogg lauf^iing 
and joking all the tinte ; but it waa all in vain* the vcoboI wouk) 
not move an inch. We iitax took dOO of the anchors in tha largest 
boat and then rowed away from the veoael, dropped the anchor, 
connected tbe cable to the windtaas ; then we sixty lads and the 
aailora began hauling and tumbling over each oth^ until at last we 
found she began to move, and soon was onoe more on our journey, 
bomewHTd bound." 

Hr. Cox g&ve me tbe foUowing reminisceacee — 
mien wftB A ahoem&ker living in Long Aore who threatened 
to mnider with his laet any miseionaiy who came near him . 
Evcotnally Hr. Cox managed to perauade him to come to the 
mi«inTi hall. Mr. Hogg became greatly interested in the man, 
irtio was a 'olerer, intellectual being, and gradnally hia mind waa 
inflDonoed and guided in the right direction. He developed into 
ft very fine speaker, and on inheriting a small sum of money, be 
returned to his native town, where he prospered greatly, bniit 
» niisaiGai hall, and iras mourned at his death as a publio bane- 
factor- Another time an anonymous letter, evidently penned 
bj m heart-brok«a mother^ was delivered at the mission hall, 

begging him to ** try and find Harry R in the Strand.*^ 

Hr- Hogg told his boys about this appeal, aaked them to pray 
aboat it, and to do their beet to trace the lad Ona morning 



06 



QUlNTiN HOGG 



Mr. Cox saw a emalJ, ra;;^^ boy clftamag the lamp? of a very 
low poblio-hoHse. Ho drew his bow at a vonturo, and as he 
passed under the ladder called '' Hany [ " The lad Jttokwl 
down and said, " Did you oall, air ? " " Yea ; are you Harry 

H ? *' " Yes. air/' Then ho told Uie boy of hia icother'a 

letter, of " Q,H., ihc boys' friend/' and poraiiadod him to come 
to the home^ Work waa found for him amidst ioaa hellish sur- 
roundings, and after a time, he drift-ed out of touch with C'OstJe 
Street, A few years ago Mr, Coi mot a maD in the south of -Kug- 
land, who accosted him. reminding him of the ragged little lamp 
clecmer- " I'm that one," hoeaid. '' 1 eamebaok to ray mother 
here, IVe done welU and now I'm the preacher at the chapel 
here/* 

One man wrote to me an followa — 

" I am an otd Eudell Street boy» and wut juicked up by Mr. Hogg 
at the Opera Hovim», Hoymflrket, in lW7ft, when M4*sfirB, Moody 
and Sankoy wero there* Mr, Hogg took mc to hia Iloiug in Richmond 
Terraoa, wh»Q I was iutroduced U) Mfb. Hogg aa ^ my young friend 

J H -' Poor Joe from Sluraland, lo rido rn a hansom cab, 

and to bo ijitToducod to a lady in RicJuDond Torrace a£ a friend of 
Mr. Hogg'a ! well, it waa an event he could not soon forgot. Many 
years aft^r, when serving in a Bond Street «hop, Mr. Hogg name in 
and 1 ftold him something. When he baw I know him he totk^ of 
old daya. and I then told him lliat T liad left Endell Street beeause 
he caUed upon me to r^d the Ifeaon one Sunday afternoon and T 
oould not read, eo I tiimnd aJi coloursi and msf^od of telling Mr. Hosg 
wliy I would not rood I stopped away ; hut Iho seed v/as in my heart 
tuid it grew/' 



Yet another leUer I reoelved n 



mfr— 



" It was Hbaut forty yGoin ago. I wad a [ioaf hoy ploying about the 
dark archea nRnr th** Strand, whpn yoiir father invif^ ihb And oMif^m 
to come to hia ragged school. We laughed at him at Erst, but lje 
being AO earnest, pli^«i eu hard, at ]a«t I aald I would go. I waa 
very rou^ and rude at flmt, but his kindnre^i soon melt^^d my heart. 
I wa« thrown on the world ot a very tender age through my doar 
Qtotlier being in the iioepitaL whore tiho died ; my father Iwing left 
with seven young children^ I Lhfi ddeat, ha had to work all night 
for very amnU wagea. I woe drifted with very rough oompanions, 
Blealinfl and gambling with lialfpence ; Uiat oeeined our only happi- 
i>G^ HpHiiftlty nn -Sunday. Your father soon made a change* in me ; 
be got me a situation for day work, oiid I went to hia aohool at 



d 



THE POLYTECHNIC— INFANCY, 97 

Dight Ho learnt dm to read and to tcve God, aivl when a good 
boy be vodld take me and others to his home at Carlton Hoiue 
Tecraoe ; I was sotoetimee a bad boy, then oh, hie looks 1 I remem- 
brr onoe tilling him a lie, of oourae, thinking Uiat he would not 
find me out. Ss d«dL How he pleaded for sny good and jny future ; 
brieve me, ae a man, I have never f cogotten it. All my life his 
words to oke and his beautiful face have eown the good seed of my 
life- When I was ill once, he found me out, I don't know how ; but 
to my Binpnae after a few days he was at my aide at my grannie^St 
vrho lived in a fnnit kitchen in Charle» StrtDt ; he brought me nice 
thin^ read and prayed with me, and paid my grannie alt my wages 
that I waa earning whilst I wbh ilL How he loved ue poor boy» t 
I wae with him for about two years ; he always tmpr cooe d on dm 
to fear Ood and to be honeet in word and act, save my money, and 
shun bad compcuiiona. I used to aak him to let me belong to the 
Shoeblaoka, hia anewer, * No, Will, you be a bright man, I ahall 
not let you go there,' I thought him hard, aa the boys earned 
good money^ but your father said, ' Here ia aomething better for 
yon to do,' which time proved him to be right. I keep on improving, 
getting better eituationaf and aave money ; at nineteen years old T 
wae mafTied; at twenty-two I had a little buNuees for myself; 
at twenty'five was worth near £600. Now my aona will not believe 
I waft ever one of Hr. Hogg's ragged boys. Your father woh bo 
kind to tcbke ub ragged boys to his fine house ; he did not take ua 
in the bock way, but in the front door, ami we had livery aervanUi 
to wait on us. Dear Miss, your father'a waa a grand life." 



G 



Clft£rr IMPRESSIONS OF INDU AND TI^E EA5T< 
THE POLYTECHNIC-GROWTH 

All who joy would win 

Mjm% ibu* it, — Happiaw wu bom k iwia^ 

Btkov- 



TJBST JMPBMBS10S8 OV DTDIA AND TBI KA9T — 
THB FOLTTBOHJnO— GROWTH 

LONG ACRE was soon to provo i^lf aa inadequate to cope 
with the needs of London's youag men ae ite more modest 
predecesBor. Accommodation had beA provided for 500 mem- 
ben, but even ao candidates had to wait a year for electkm, ao 
anxious were the lads to come, ao kith to go. Blr. Robert 
Hitch^, a member who had been actiijg as hon. aec. smoe 
1872, now accepted the position of secretary, and gave ap his 
entire time to the Institute ; he filled this post until 1891, when 
he became Director ot Education, add any one who has ever 
had anything to do with the Polytecniric bnows how much of 
its prosperity and successful enterprise it owea to his devotion 
ukE ability. ' 

At Long Acre a somewhat ambitious experiment was made in 
the publication of a monthly magaziift entitled Home. Tidinga, 
the editing of which was undertaken by the Inatitute'e founder, 
iriioae broad ahouldei^ were ever willing to accept a fresh 
burden, however overloaded they might already appear to the 
on^>oker. I do m>t think he found the job a very attractive or 
eaay one ! " Take my advice," he laid, laughingly, " when 
you're bard op go oat with a blacking-box, but don't become afi 
editor, speciaUy a volunteer one I I*ve tried both, and much 
prefer boot blacking. Twenty years ago, when iu the States, I 
was ify*Vi*ig a gentleman who had exchanged the sword for the 
pen, and to whom I had a letter of intrMuotiod. I climbed the 
fltakcase leading to hia office, and found the legend outside, on 

a neat card — 

■ vn 



ua 



QTHNTIN HOGG 



No odmisaton before twelve 
except U> &Uoot the Editon 



In spite of itfl popularity, which aoon nei^easitated a weekly 
jsfiue, the magaziiie weih aJwoya carried on at & loaa, tlie deficit 
bein|z paid by the editor! It gradually l)ecaiiif: heavier than 
he cared to meet, not that he grudged citlier his labour or his 
iQonej^ but that he felt the good done was not auflieieiit to justify 
the outlay, and in 1888 a great effort was Diade to aJt«r this 
nimatiHTaiitury state of aSaira. The name was changed, much to 
Mr. Hogg'H regret, from tlie friendly. faiiiilJar Homf Tiding/* to 
the more inipoHing appellation of The PtlyUthitic Mnffaxine. very 
largely beoaiute other Polyte^'hiiios were springing up &1I over 
London, and it wa^ felt tliat the organ oF the pioneer matitule 
had the bent right to a name which would otherwise probably 
have been taken for the pubU^?a.tion of one of the newer instilu- 
tioTifl, Great efiortfi were made to secure advertisements, but 
in spite of evcrytliing the magazine continued to require an 
allowance, for tJie expenses mcreaaed more rapidly tlian the 
receipta, mid as Mr, Hogg's work grew heavier and heavier he 
found it ntctflaary to appoint a paid editor. Since hia death, 
the original monthly issne has been reverted to. as it was im- 
perative that the expensps aliould be curtailed, since they 
proved to be about £600 a year in excess of the receipts. 

The Government educattcnal grants were at that time restricted 
to science and art classes ; these had been held in Ca-^tle Street 
days, and had proved so succeesfnl that more ambitious educa- 
tional schemes were now arranged for. A building class, carried 
on under the auspices of the Science and Art deportment, was 
the tentative commencement of tecluiical instruction, and its 
popularity emboldened Mr. Hogg and Mr. Mitchell to arrange 
^ruiooa trade cliLsses, The case of a boy who had learnt 
elementary geometry during his leisure hour^ and who had iii 
consequence beeti able to take tbe place of the foreman of his 
works when the latter fell ill. and mmped at once from a wage 



FIRST IMPRESSIONS OF INDIA AND THE EAST 1U3 

of Abotit 2Qt. « wvA to <Kie of «bont tS, b«c&iide he proved to be 
the only boy in the pUoe with aoj scientific knowledge, had 
nude A greftt impreaaioD oq QaiDtiD Hogg^s mind, and aet him 
thmking very eenoiuly ahoat the need of technical teaching 
ftH* woftiDg boys, and the ineetimable advantage such instruction 
oonld give them. The development of this side of hia work 
grew steadily from this time. 

The introdnctioD of educational work as one of the principal 
aims id the Institute had not bem accomidiahed without aome 
opposition. The premisee were not very large, and the multi- 
plying classes occupied the majority of the rooms available for 
the members every evening ; this was objected to by aome who 
wished to oee the Inatitute primarily as a place of recreation. 
At one time, indeed, the conflicting opinkma on the matter 
became so strong that those of the committee who favoured the 
development of the educational, even at the expense of the 
recreative aide if that were necessary, rather than vice veraa, 
threat^ied to resign. The giat of the controversy is aummarized 
in a letter written by the president to one of the membenk 
"nM great thing, he contended, was to organize the school arrange- 
mcntaao aa to make the classes more attractive than the games. 

'* This n the real point at issue, and if this ia aatiafactorily solved, 
it wiU render all other queetio&a aa to gamee, etc., of minor import 
anoe. If tbe majority of membera attend olaaaro> they won't stand 
being inteorupted by a omall minority playing gamea and chatting. 
Give lay love to aU my dear boys on the Committee. God <mly 
knowB how dear they all are to me, and how much I wiah to enter 
into all their annetiea and pleamira." 

With the larger premiaee and the growing popularity of out- 
door athletica it waa no longer so difficult to adjust matters to 
the satisfaction of both parties, but the real solution lay in the 
fact em|dkaaized in the letter; that as the majority of members 
were induced to interest themselves in educational matters^ and 
to avail themselves of the advantages offered them, their eameflt- 
Deea bore down all opposition and carried the day. 

Having seen the b<^ fairly settled into their new premiaes, 
and the work in full awing, in the winter of 1879 Mr. and Mm, 



IW 



QUINTIN HOGG 



Hogg started oS on a long dutcuBsciJ oiid eagerly coveted trip 
round tJie world, Durinj^ tliia trip the president wrott; frequently 
and i%t great leugtl] to his " boya/' Tlia letters ure i^uot^ 
below (iLough in a very abUruviated form), Hiiice tliey giva to 
some extent the impresKion ntade Ofi hie rniitd by the variottfl 
places be tlien visited for tbe firat tLiiib, and jlhietrate hLso, jd 
tile cuii slant all iisionH topanEeventa and anefdotal rEmiinlBc^ncea. 
the reCentiverieNs of hjs memory and fertility of ideas ; but tlieir 
miHn itit«reHt for the ger»eral re^iiler liea in the revelation they 
urn^on.JCiOHrtly affoixl of Ida relittion^hip with the "boys" to 
whom (and for whom, it must be rememl>ered in re.adiiig them) 
he wrote. 

The first one, dated from BrindJai, November 22, 1S79, gives 
Kn account of hh tust sight of Rome, He de^ribes for them 
hifi visit to St. Peter'a, with it« *' pious fraud " of a statue^ origia- 
ally intended to represent Jupiter, but now devoutly kiased by 
ferveut odiiiirerti of St, Peter i its guild of workmen Living on 
the Hat roof and ocoupied all the year in alterations and repairs 
in the uoat building ; its wonderful mosaic work ; and apoAkfl also 
of exuursion^ to the Forum, tlie Coloflueuin and Ihe Mammertinc 
Prieon — 

*' Where Paul la Btiid to liave beeu put wlien colled for the second 

titn^ to «|^p4>ar on liiB iria!, and vharp also St. PeteT is ri^piit«d to 
have boon imprinoned during;;; hie mythical rcsidi'iiDD in Roioe. 
Coining down to tlio prttiuu tliero m a dent in Um wall, eome four 
ipchffi de^p, aaid to Tinve b(«n cdused by the hcvkd af the Apoetl^ 
whfln he woa puBlic?d up againBt it — a lcg<?ad wiiich smma to pre- 
HuppoKe ou unusually tluuk apostolie craTUUin, or pounibLy a large 
amount of gullibility on the pnrt of modem visitors, lit the prison 
itBulf thoTo Ih a atnoll spring Full of excellent water. Tluf spring, 
likn everything ebe connected witlk Peter in Home, lias a niiroculouK 
ori^n, and we ore told that the water obligingly aprang out from 
Uie rock to pnable the holy prisoner to baptiio a certain number 
of oonverta whom he hod made while awaiting hia axeoution." 

liyom Borne they went to Naples, and during tlieir stay there 
of course drove out to in^peet that eTr:avHted oity of fJie dead, 
Pompeii ; whilst another day tbey drove 

■'paat Piitooli, where Paol landed on hiRwayto Romeend where he 



i 



FIRST IMPRESSIONS OF INDIA AND THE EAST 105 

?tB7Bd for daven daye, to Baiffi, another rich Roman wabermg-pEaco, 
whurti Alt; tkitj ruinH cf bAtliA and temples. Futeolj ilsetf has lost 
all of itft tGTmBt importance, for it was at one time tlie foromoat 
port in Italy, but jou atill can trace the remnonta ot «o(no of it« 
Jeparled greatnf^sa. Bore ia the Lucriim LaJcQ, uuiie oelebruttid Cor it« 
oysLers, Antlf(tillprodaoingtho^ta«ty rnoll udog though not at 3s. tid. a 
dozen. Oa the b^aie, 1 suppOHD,of ^mall oyHten bpiu^tlu^ bej^t, our 
hunt gik VII uHHomc uf the^moet JjilhputriHn rrLiaturtw uiiaginahli?, in fa^^. 
cdnauimng them waa more like ' eating vinegar with a fork ' tlian 
anythinj^ e\ap. In old daja thin Luurine Laku had hcon connccteil 
irith Luke Averiiua« wliJcJi lies just bvliltid it, und wliicU tlie Ruiuana 
believed was th« entrance to lieU. Thoi hilla around it are full of 
dark gliyuny cavom?, hoioo of them of ^jettt length, and others fuIL 
of boDing waLer and fiteaiu. We nan tliruugh the uppHC i^alli^ry of 
one of these last, and paid a franc each for being cliokni, Ttie 
oourior touk iiia coat o3, thi? guide stripped himself to liia nkin, 
Lci[:ik a bucket and a raw fgg^ ht\i\ thvn lighting a t-oreh, told iib 
to nin. The gftliary woa very low, only about live feet high, but 
run wo did, aa we f<ilfc nearly HuHocat<*d by the hfiit and at-.'am. 
At a corner of Uie gallt^zy Uie ^ide put liit^ bucket in the hoiliiig 
vater which was c^oTjiing out of the earth, and by tho Mine we got 
out int-o the open air again the egg waa cooked, and, to tell tl)o truth, 
aa Wilts we, 

" Neit day we devoted to the mine of Horeulaneuin and some 
of the BJ^hta in Napl«i i1«elf. The thcatra in Herculajioum 
WAA most difticult to dig out, aa it was oveTw}ialinfid» not by asTk^s, 
but by lava, so iJiat it liad ae It were to bo hewn otit of tlie eolid 
roak, Ita ejiat^nce was diacovored by aceident. When tlie owner 
of a house wliicih had been built on a In^'a rock Home forty feat 
above the ruins, waa Buiking a wi-U, he suddenly felt tliat hia 
augur had cut inCH" a hollow place, and gobig down, found hijiJseK 
behind Uie scenm in a gr^Ti-room which had not bten used for 
1,800 yeara." 

From Kaplos thoy travelled via Brindiat to Alexandria, the 
ODtranoo to which, Mr. Hogg says, reminded him of Demorar&, 
whilBt the cosmopolitan nature of the crowd within tbo town 
interested luid aurpriaed him. 



^'Sbrecta, pavements and ronda were crowded with women and 
miai of ail natJoiialiiiea, ia all garbfl- Arabs and Jews, Gret^ka and 
Albanians, French and TiirkB, niggerg and lellahft, ItalianH and 
Britoua jostled eoub other tlu^ugh the bazaar; whUu mingling in 
tho fltrnani waa the camnl bearing water akina On its back, and tlie 
tnevitablB donkey, varjing in condition from tli© really fine animal 
of tho rich man to tite poor old moko, whose quart^rra and raia 



106 



qctntin hogo 



had long well known tJie pawtr of the donkoy-boy'a muBcIaa and 
lun^- Aa i^eltcIb thia latter cIbha of donkoy, whioh T need acarcoly 
Bay WAH by far lh<* moflt numfmufi, evHn tolerably gaoti Bcquaintaiice 
frith Clerk^nwell woiikl fail to ^Vb you any id^a of their oondition. 
The beet part of them wiw uauoUy Uie eaJdle, which waa oEt«n 
cuehifiiuxl with ragged dra^iary Lffuffl and liE^hindp hut the poor 
befi£t9 thornaelvee were a raaaa oi bmui^ and aopoa, and altogether 
so luiknjiipt, unfadi and til-cared for, Cli&t it niufit be % bleatied day 
for thern when Ihey rari bp drivHn no more, and are tast. outsido 
the city gataa to be di^'oured by the jackola and vultures. It is 
evident tliat theeo useful scav&ngera would ri^c^ive quJto a htarb- 
breakiiig ditiuppointmei^t if lliey fi&pecttHi to ^t much of u ineol 
oS the itl-covered bon^ of the ootoastd^ Perhaps, howev£ir, long 
eicperioDCe ha^ tau^b them to expe<;t but littFe from Uie cart^aae 
of an Egyjitiftn donkey. 

"One tiling which atrikra on« in Egypt ia the entire abaenoa 
of foreet« or woodtv Aa far aa the ^e can reach one can stfo 
notliing In tlie aljupa of wood : a few avt^niies cf acar^ia^ and 
a few claropii of date palnia conatitute the only growing wood 
visible ; and infldniuch as no coal la found in l^gypt, the poople 
Buffer greatly from want of fuel. Mlien we were travelling aoroBS 
the d^eirt m tho railway, 1 at hrst thought that the houoM 
in the villages wc paa^ed by — for there are villajii^a wherever 
tr&ah water canalfl fiave been dug to bring the Nile water for 
irrigation purpo^>a — wi?ro deaerted. A ulose esaminat ion, how- 
ever, by the light of the beautiful fidl moon which waa shining in 
the heavenn, ehowi^ me Thai' I waa mistAken. Tlie hoiine^ are all 
of a single storey, and have neithor decent roofs nor anything e|Hc< 
that would require wood. I then began to realize for the Brst timo 
wliat Llu5 want of wood really meant to the poor ir thii country. 
The wret^h^ mod huta are nearly all coveted with palm ieav«B, 
eLraw, ths atalke of the maixo, and otlier audi rubbishing Tnut^'riola. 
It was of course midwinter when we putsfd through, and we wore 
all eold enough in the railway carriage to uae our great coatA and 
rugH, but yet I notiood several men sleeping on the ground in Eront 
of tlLeLr doors» wliUe Ihe methcid tJiey adopted of kuaping themaelv^ 
wm was eccentric enough- JiluropeanH generaUy look after their 
Cast, knowing that if they are warm their bodies will not be cold. 
Tlie Egyptian, however, when he Qndfl it cold, wraps las head in an 
endlesH ciuantity of swaddling clothee, and l^aw hie naked feet 
to take care of thcmaolvea. WJiy he does nob catch hin death of 
cold, and where he gete freali air to bruathe uniiit alnayii rumain a 
mystery. The want of iFOod, however, hoa other diaadvantages for 
the Egyptian bceidee tlile. It maki^ fuel ho very scarce tliat Uio 
Egyptian i9 }tard put to it to get suQlck-iit for cooking purpoaeB. 
The fuel he does uae le rnodtjy dried dung, and to economize thia as 
much aa poeHible, ho has rocourso to all aorta of aliifta. For iciatanco, 



FIRST IMPRESSIONS OF INDIA .^D THE EAST 107 



I 



I 



he «iU out bake hia bread more than six or ojght timea in the year. 
uivi, to IcDOp It from getting stelo and mouJdy, he cuts it in very 
thin slicee arjd 6ru» it in the sun. Fur ttie Hami? reHr^ui^ ymi r4UU'c<«ly 
ev^r iee a cart used for agriculture iii Kgypt, it ia always the in^vit' 
able donkit^ or the caioel, except for luming a n&tcr-whecli when 
mo is made of the Egyptian bufTulo, a aomewimt stsuoud-ralo locking 
o^ tn ahckeing their donkoyn tli9 same want of hitiJ prevents them 
from siviiig iho wrct<^h<<d animate a good nhoe. Ilie Egyptian 
merely cuU out of a thm sheet of iroii u fleini-cirL-uW plai» ribuut the 
tiVB irf tli^ antmal'a hoofs, and fafit^na it en !□ the wTBt^hod aui-ioal'd 
foot jn a -vay that would send our blookamitha into con^'ulstoaa. 
But wliore fuel is no su&rco forgeing lias to be avoided. TIlc goa 
made m Cairo is produced from Enghtih coal ; and ive ako pour 
inUt tho countty largo quantities at aM aorte of niaikuriu:turi?s, auoh 
aa ootton goods, hardwaru, iron, uo^h etc,, wMch Eijypt paya uh 
for by datefl, augor, raw cotton, and other produce of the valluy of 
the Nile. It ia a etran^ thought that the raiiiA falling away m 
OenUul Africa, causing bUtJ Vic^toria Nyansa to overflow, and loading 
tha Nils with rich alluvial deposit witlx wlii(*h tihe manurea Kgyptian 
fieMa* really give omplciyincnt to the cotton apinjicrs of Manc^hoster 
and the colliera ol Nurthuinbtrland and Durham. 

" AraongBt other things in Alexandria, we went to AeethofiO'r?alled 
Pompey'o Pillar, a column erected in honour of the Emperor 
Dk>clelian, and a second Cleopotra'a Neddie atanding cloee to the 
•pot from v^icti our monclith on the Embankment was brought. 
To my eurpriset thia needle was cra^od in wood ; a broad band oC 
injn was ruuiid ila centJe, and Uio Anicriciui flag wdb frying at its 
apeic. Unr IVansetlantic couaina^ leaving doEorniined thnt aa th6 
acqniojiion of the ne^nlte waa only a question of dollara, thpy would 
not be beliind the old coimtry in that matter ; tlipy liave, tlterefore* 
bmght thin iwedle. ami are g^*ing to transport it to New York to 
totify to the power of tho almighty dollar, inBtcod of tho grandeur 
of Pharaoh. 

"Nvar Pompey'a E^Uaretood the famous old 1 ibrary at Alexandria, 
wltinh contained ae many oa 700,000 volumee of books written 
lj»fon> the tiaya of Mospa down to tlio time of the Chriatian c-ra. 
Mnch of ft. had (wcaped the hand af the dpstrnyer. though a portion 
of it waa accidentally- burnt when Cicear was bci^ioging Altixandria. 
It fdl, however, to the lot of tlw Turk to do that wluf:li even the 
faartnrians of anrient days hod refrained frnm. Omar, th& anc(M^«soT 
to Mahomet, ofdcjred the booka to be daatroyed, and in answer to 
» pLF« tlint tliey loight be t^pored, he reptied, ' If ihey contain that 
which ia aj^re««blB to the book of God» the book of Ood ia aufncient 
nithout them ; i£, however, they contain that which le oontrory 
Ui the book of God- the world has no nt*fd o£ lltero ; m eitlier case 
they are uselp^/ aflirr which lio diatrihulf^l them a» fne\ to the 
iDhAbitante. and in the course of six months Ihoy were all doBtroy«d.*' 



m 



QDINTIN HOOG 



Of BottC be vrrot«— 

"The town Lj^ in the mmt dfsoEAtcpIaceiniaginsbla Ttbmi^ 
ruundad on alleidPrtciiJiflrby aali trau-r or tbe bon^ dtHL, while on 
the eut uid wcM the view terminates in Bl«op roolm BtretohiDg Away 
to ihib EgyptMa dt^etsrt on the imit &nd the tait^ of Sm&i an the «ifit. 
Of coufne. the |iriTu:ifVil tliuig at Riipv. in iac.t the only tUng irortli 
Bering, i» the Canal, vliich haro nme into tlw Itod lje«, affording 
direct ooiunimiiiation with Port Siud on the Meditwraneiao- TIhj 
totoJ length of i4ie ChhaI » &boat 100 rnilf^, and it coet in round 
ponbem flixtti«ii miUiona steriing. This tdc« of cutting through 
tttd iflthmua ie by ao fncADA new i mdt«d, it vo/b tAlked of more than 
3«lMKr y«aifi« ^^ri, Ai^d 2h00O ytuLTH ago a canal arlually eiidtfld by 
«hkth vewbU {-mj|d pafw aa eoaily from Uie M<>dit«iTanf4m to the 
Red Sea as the? <xui i^t pment^ 

'■Tbn' only novcJty in M- !>**»wpB' idi-ftrorsistftd in the Cfttial rnn- 
toiri^ng AAlt in j'liicn nf frmh wuttr ; aTtd it is very much op«n t« 
queetlon whblhor tlw uM idea of the PJi/vraohs woa not the b«4ib of 
the two. Sum is priinitivu — I nmy jwy, very primitiVH — in ita ideas. 
On one (Mvaaion T Vf>nt into the bacaar tor the purpone of lindiog 
a tAJfor who could perform BOmc iiJtsht repairs to my tlotJiee, wliich 
had aornpwliat HufTRred by my tnivplfl, I found out a grey-bearded 
'tcnip/ who was able by m^ttiiB of panlomimt^ Aiid a broken jargon 
ef French and Enj^liflh to communicate witii me ; and he at once 
(jlfettcl, fl I would b(4 ^tcd pnougli in ^ve him my cltrMita, Lo make 
them good for mo. Now it fco hap|>€*nftl that the pnrlipular garment 
which nf-odcd repair nrm \\iat one iinunlly dceoribul oe ' iiiun^i-ntiDii- 
ahlRrt/ and m 1 wfui fllnniling in tho np^n Htroet in front £>f hia liouw*, 
I f^lt sotae litll« bor-kwardnrwi in lalcing them off in that f^jblio 
piftco, Tlw Arab — |:kerhape entering into my t.h<»Tigbt» — gave me 
to iinderHtaiKl tliat I ntimild be actinia |>»rfectly in nccurdaiioe wiili 
preovdent if 1 did what ha wiah^. With all inclination to 'do in 
Turkeya« tlje Turkoya do/ T found |^i.^t difi^oultv ui Bcrewing my 
Douragt up to tJiu dinrobing point. A glance around, howevi^r. 
aaaiatod me Hom^-jwhat, for I noticed th^t J was tbi) oit]y man in 
the Ptreete wlio hud any trounera at all, bo tfutt by dinrording these 
oBQloeB appendagRfl I should only be appearing iii tiicr ht'JL;ht of 
fa«hiDn. Finally, 1 nat rfown on tJio stnol winch }i6d bt^n obligingly 
placed for me, and, T bliiah to nay it, did what waa rtqxiircd, arid 
tlnrre I Hbt, hk? a kiltk«H Ili^hlaudur, for nearly half an liour. &1y 
rM.4iier garmtitilB liuving been riewu up nTid restored to nie, I gave a 
word or two of commendation to thr> man for liaving done hta job — 
na Upi really had done tb — neatly and voH, and tlxen 1 paid him the 
agrsod price of four piaslrea (tpnpence). The rafloal, whose broken 
knowledge of Englieh 1 found waa more iifaume^ ftian rcaL^ begged 
me to pay him eight piiutr«i, four for lijv good work^ aud four for 
guod rellomhip ' hw^ause,' he said, quoting my words, ' Master 
eaya I have doue it eo wdll 1 ' " 



4 



FiBST IMPRESSIONS OF INDIA AND THE EAST 10» 



Down the Red Soft; past Pfrim — 

•* A parfecUy baJTen ifilond, wlieiv the r*in never falle. ftnJ Tiioro 
'2A0 flolili^rs will] oatt 9rtcU:hed offii^r eku out a not v^ery enviablo 
exiatAni7& Th« eolditts Kre. I hpli>vp, abixwt entircily natrvw 
of India. th» oScor is taercjfuUj clanged ovOTy month or ho. 
Hicro is a legend that a good nmiy ycAra ago, b«fi:TT? inquuutivo 
lATpayera faegui to inquire Jntc Lh^ bTa(« o! the British Anny. 
wbdi UungB wore left lo go on pretty vnjll in their own aweet 
way irreiipFctive ot bviidin^ bByO[uM.B Bud brodtmg sabros, on 
offlMr wAEf diacovo^ who seemed to be aa fond of the solitude 
of the lale of Perim ae overy other offiocr in tho regiment bated it. 
This man. wilh altofrether wcTiderftd eoU-aacrificc, volunteered to 
«tAy there as long a» tt «uit«d Ihe convenience of hia colonel To leave 
him Cin the bland. Tho work, it ia tmt>i wbb not Cb^ceeivPt ooneistin^ 
almcet mUrely in filling up one or two |>riuLed reports, and aending 
ih^m once or twice a month to the hnodquArtera of hie regiment At 
Aden, flpvemty milEs ofl. On the othtr hand, it iDtiat be oonfcee^ 
^atp an abeolut'ely barrpn ialand, tJiTee milfw in ite bi)^eat parti 
whereon nflithra- iroo would grow nor w*tlfr fall, can awuvoly be 
rpgard«d aa an earthJy par&d4e«- The arr^rL^m^at. tlierefore, 
Miited oil partiea' The colonel waa well conUut to have found an 
offleer who liked Perim ; all the olh^r officers wpre delimited at 
be<ing exempt from tho duty, and tlio martyr Boemed to ^oy 
e-KLiretloiit hi^th and derive considerable saliafaclion from hia aolit^ry 
post. Bete nscd to be ramie b« to wliether Jw wnre writing a book 
or practi^iog for aolitaiy oonQooment, the odd^ being offered in 
favour of the latter «mploymflnt. One day, howovw> another 
solution of the ditTlt'nJty suggi^l-od iteelf. It so happened that liie 
onlonel had got leave of abBcnt^e, a^nd on hia way home look«l in at 
Cairo and put up at tht^ well-kncnn] ShrphrariTs HoUl. To hia 
dJttonJEhmenl who should he see, pomtortably Enaconred in tlu' 
airieet part of the p:ftl!erj', rookmg himself m an Ajnencan chair, 
and drinking a pleoHuitly compounded cock-tailt but (he ^:aUant 
officer stationed at Pefiiri. The laat Tteenp in the dnuiia was ©i- 
planBtions aU round, wheri it oune out that our friend, tinding hrniaelf 
never in(ipe<ited, had uifltmolcd a natdvo m liia regiment, who under- 
stood EDgliahn to tUJ in hia reporfa and imitate liEa aignature for a 
trifling ooneideratinn per month, while he himnelf travelled on the 
Continent, vieitod England, enjoyed himaolf in Egypt, or oJhorwiae 
nnoujiied Iiis tinte aft tlie abate of tiis furida or the iric^linuTion of Ilia 
heart might sui^^T^t, Rumour dooa «&y that the colonel was ao 
afraid of jcetting o vrisi^pit^ himaolf for lax diaoipline* that he likiahed 
the matter up and ^aid no mor» about il. though tie threaienod that 
the olTf'ridfrr ahoiild rpAlly be pent to duranOfl vile in Perim for twatve 
pwnths, andc^r auch euperviaion tiiat a repetition of his oeuapade 
wfm^d not be ao eany. 

" There ia anof hor old fltory in connexion with itii ocropatlon b^ the 



110 



QUINTm BOGO 



Eligluh, fue Ulr tfuth of which 1 cannot vouch* but whinh, whether 
tm« or not, is amiji^mg enough. The story goes th&t eoin^ forty or 
fifty yoani ago the Flrench were AOxioLia to occupy Pcrmi or » kind 
of nonnterpoisp to oor pas9P»uiion of Aden. To flffOct t^s object 
th^y MUt A small dxp^ition to aanfix the island m the natns of the 
French king. Thie erp*>iition anivftd safely nt Aden* where it 
put in to ptarchafic cohIh and provitiionH. ibi dfHtmation of f^ourfie 
being Beorot. Now it etmcb the Eoglieh officer m charge of Aden 
that it vraa a voty odd thinf^ for FVench men-of-war to be gomK up 
the Rpd Sp* for the purpose of □nmiDg down ag^n> as thPTH was no 
Siiez CanoJ in those daye. Revolving this in hia mind, he is n&id 
to havo invitoi the FrorK-h captain to dinnw rwid to have ontflrtained 
him with the heed of hjfi larder And Lhe pick of lilb ceUar wlille tlie 
French v^«aela were coahng. Hteanwhile h« had sent down two 
pencil memoranda to his subordinate. One of these memoranda 
inj4tru(?t«d the ufTlcei' Mho had charge of tlm onulmg clr:E»rLnient to 
he aa long as he decently ooold over the job. The ether iiutiufiled 
t}iB faeteab En^Iifib BhJp on 1-he atatien to take a company of eoldi^re 
and proceed wiUi all speed to Perun, wliich lie was to occupy Ic 
tho name of the King of England, About midnight, when ample 
jnatico had boon done to the English ofifioar's chftmpapne, the Fropch 
commander took IiIb leave, charmed with the hoepitaJity of hia host, 
though whether he was quite bh muoh pleased the next, morning 
when he found Pf*rim occupied by a companj^ of Entrfieh soldicra 
vrith the Union Jack flying over Uieir quarters is at Joaat open to 
donbt, 

• * • * « 

" Ab thia will be tlie lafit Tetter you will get before ChriHtjnad. T 
mu^ not close it without wieliioig you & bright and happy ChriStmaa 
in every neEise of the word, and [ liope in tlie midst of all the bright- 
neea with wJiiiJi Chris Unae-tide in associate, you will not forget to 
remembef ob in prayer — not only ub, but all the old meniberB 
scattered about in various parta of the world, and whose hcfui-i, 
I am tfure* wiJi be thinking kiikdly of iJie old Inietitutc, and of all 
Lhe friendshipfl they formed there in bye-gone dayn- Good'bye, 
once Oigaiik, dear bo^'B. Let no BeiF-mflioted trouble epoil your 
ChrifitinaB, 'For lhe bluasing of the Lord it maketh riclii and Ho 
nddeih no Borroiv.' 

"Yoora affeotionately, 

" Qunrnw Hooo." 



The next letter wan written from India, the travelloro having 
Tandnd at Bombay ecirly in December. Their initiation into the 
myBtenee of that strange land commenced with a visit to the 
Towers of Silence, where the FarseeB lay their dead, leavinj; them 
eipooed to the &t1frck« of the oarrion- eating birds that infest the 



i 



FIRST IMPRESSIONS OF INDIA AND THE EAST 111 



neighbourhood ot the grim building, 
to the Cftves of Elephaata— 



That sAine day thej went 



^^a1w&y» -fnlT of int«rc«t to bhoap^ whfj r«^ard them from anything 
b(»yond a mere curiosity vipw. To my mind, they bring home very 
forcibly the (act that oLl wligioua truth over th^ world has at one 
tima b«>eii aubstantially tho aame- At Elephojita yciu got the Hindu 
Trinity ; RrHhniB the Creft(<tr, Aliehnn thp Preeerver, and Siva thH 
D^Btroyer. with the Saviour lO-iehna. born of tlie Virgin Maya; 
whiJe even Uie d«itmction of the Innocoiite is reprtwcnted, Bivft 
the DeetiToyer atr^Eiipting thereby (o deetroy KtibKoa. and llnding 
Ilia attempt, as in^Efetitiial aa that of H^rcd. Siva u everywhere 
aooomponj^ by the Serpent aymbol. and in several other waya one 
IB rpiuinded of ChriatLan doctrine ar legend. 

"The templefi wer« oF a eonaiderable size, and h»d been hewn out 
of the eoLd rock ; at regular intervala pillera had been left so ae to 
divide the principal t^rjiple into a centraJ hall with two aielee« and 
Uiflso pHln.™ were decorated with various Tepreserttationa of goda 
and goddeasfls, etc* Opening out of the l&rgeat cave or temple, 
»«re ttvo more of a somewhat ainiilor construction, but smaller in 
size. At (hr* Pnd oi eaf>h were altare with huge aoulptiiree of many- 
orjned and niany-1<'k'KDd godftn male and female^ and in some caaes 
the rtntrE nf th? aLlar was occupied by a single stone elia|>^ some- 
thing like the top of a oapat-an, the adoration of whiob formed part 
of the worahip of those who hewed out thoeo tempi™. 

" On Saturday we started off on uur twenty-eeven houns' joumey 
to Jubbulpore. where we airivMl early in the moramg and were 
met by a cousin of mine, who had taken roorofl for mb at the hotel 
and ordered a supper to be I'eady. The next morning wc were up 
early, and, after breakfofit, we started off in a carriage to aee the 
marble rocka on the Nerbudda Kivor, about twelve milw from here. 
Our coatofUf ^ave m some little trouble, as it waa cold enough for 
thick clothing morning and evening, while during the day the Hun 
vme jtmvcFhil onough to render a eoler Imt a nc'<'Cs«i(y. We got to 
the rooks about 12.30, viftitcd an old Hiiidoo t#rfiple on a hill above 
the river, hod a Inok at a waterfall in the neighhonrhrxid, and then, 
getting into a boat, rowed up the Nerbudda and liud a good look 
atthorockfl from the woter. Tlje eight vpos certainly a very wonder- 
ful one ; ou each riide of ua TOfie oliFTfi of white inarbte, many of them 
over a hundred feet in height, and perleetly preoipitoue. After 
flxajniiiiiig the rocke, we went up to what JB ('ailed a ' dak bungalow/ 
that is to say. a house erected by Oovummont for the [it^^ of travelloTB, 
where any one may go and sleep or take nsfreehment by paying the 
man in charge a certain fixod sum.*' 

The next letter tella of their visit to Jeypore-^ 

"The capital of Jeypore is nioely laid out, oao-Beventh of it is 



lU 



QUINTIN HOGG 



occiipiRd hy t)ifi Mn}inT&jnh'» pftlft(*i>. Hnd antii-hnr large porl.ion hf 
Uw Muharajoira ^ii&rd-^ci. whioh, howovar, he thrcnrH op&n to Ihv; 
pubUo to Borve the purpose of an Eogliah p&rk. It cont<uiu 
KDological iTardeii, uoEiLaJTtin^ p^rlmpa twBiity wild beaate BLd a tew- 
Avioriee. where w6 saw mare r&te Ihoik birds. It is liglttcd with 
hoa a Bohool of art, & railway, and a few decent roods, eM of which 
unprovomeate are, I believe* of ren^nt Lilrodjt^i'jon, About 100 
yea™ ago the then Maharajah found Jxia capital uuhsallhy, bo ho 
removed it to its prcaont fiito, and. db the old town, palace, and oJl 
has reniaiaod in very good prtaervation, we wore able to wender 
Through the abandon^ houa«e and thus gained a very t^lfMtr insight 
into tho atylo of dwelling irJiabited by tJne native rulers and tiieir 
l^ople wlten the Buj^lifih bc^^me maaterB of IndijL We luid left 
Jeypora early in the morning 1« visit th& old eapital. Amber by 
name, and we were rewarded for oar activity by witneoaing a very 
iotereating scene. In tlie paloee is eituoted a tomple, and bert 
every morning at nine oVloi^k a goat ia HaeriliG'?*^ to propitiate tha 
goddeflfl in whoeu honour the temple waa oreoted. Tho story goee 
that in oldnn timca a humait vjutim, gooeraUy a priftoiier token ia 
war or a criminal, wba oFTerfd daily to th^ god<l'«e, but ivhen iho 
Kngliah got the upper hand theeo htunan Euwrificea wore put an 
end to. Some yearn ago, however, the late Maliarajali, h&vinii;, 1 
Buppofle. dined loo anmptumuily or rirunk too plentifnlly, hajl « 
nightmare, when he fancied he saw on iina^ of the anuioul goddoaaj 
atoudiog on hla alomach — 

' " \a well hn miftht, 

Having draamt of tha devil. awnkp in a fright," 

and conaulted the pricet, who informed him tliat pi'obahly tha 
cEumibalislic deity would be sattaned wiih a diah of goat's blood 
until human blood was again obtAinabte. Ba the fitory true or 
£bIac, the fact remains that a live goat ta daily offered in true Moeaio 
Eft^uon in ih? old cap it a] of Jeypore, , . . Bejnounlmg oor 
el^hant, vn went back to oar hotel, nod there we bought aome 
curioija specimene of Jeyporo enamel, Vi?Ty beautiful work. It 
requiTBH to be done on the (itipst gold, though for all you can 
sea of the latter mat'erial it might aa well hp on eoppor or bracH. 
We were told that the heat roquirod For eome of the enamol work 
waa so inteoae, that no metal but tweuty-two carat gold waa 
Buitahle for tha purpofia, 

" From Jeypore we wenf. to DeTliij where, although the antrquiti» 
ore very nuzneroua, and nian^ of tho buildings worthy of notiee. 
yet it i» in conrexiou witli the great eiogo that ita main intereat lies 
to an Eo^idh visitor." 

From Delhi he wrota — 

"Id woukt not be the alightest use tn try and deBr?nbe tG jtm in 



d 



FIKST IMPRESSIONS OF WDIA AND THE EAST IM 

dotail the flights ve eav at Agra and DclKL On one side rose the 
worid-rroOTmed Taj, the atructure of which coal about two iiiilliori 
sterling, and 20,000 wcirkm^ii wern empln^'od for aHventflen yearr^ 
in its oreotion- The labour of tht^f- m^n wofl of courae fQrce<l : Uif^y 
reoeivod no frogM, but only ft vr?ry limited supply of food' Anotltor 
moflt laimteBtio^s plac« we weut to vae tlie fort» ineide of whii!h woe 
the old p&lAOe of Akbn-r Kh&n, witli its jewelled bath room, white 
marblo moHqiMB, and richly gUt audience chamber, in the loot cf 
wlijeh it WM curious to rt.-iueiiil>er that tho firul English Anibasaadcr 
liad beon r^ct^ived by the ^reat Moghnl in the days of Qu^n B&«fl. 
Wo visited aleo many other placea of interest near ; amon^t theee 
woB Putlplipore Sikri, an abandoned city lying Honie twenty miltw 
^m Agra. This wha built and dw«rt«d by Akbar, its cuiLire etiflt- 
enoe fiavinj; been lew tlion lifty y&An. Th? palace, howe%'er, eliU 
fltands isi a wondcrfu] state of pneervation, Uie carvol red Band- 
fitOfie, at wTjieh ona can orJy look and wonder, Btill remaining almOHt 
aa freeh an whon it loft the hands of tho workmen more than 300 
yeara ago. . . , 

"Tho only ornament introduced inanyof thp mosques ia inlaying 
work or fretwork- No picture, ima^, or rails ap]}ear, Tlie largeet 
tnoeque i» at DcUti* and it ai:c'Onunodat<» two thoufiand people oa 
ita own floor, while t^ight thousand more can be scconuuodated in 
the coiirt-yard- The moequo Ltaetf gendfally stondH on a elif^t 
elovalioii «o oa to render tlie prieet vuuble to tho wonhippini^ poopk*. 
That is to Bay, you generally go up three or four steps from the 
rourl-yard into t>te mosqne. The depth of the building rarely 
cxceeda twenty or thirty pocea, white the Itngih i^ often foiir or 
five tiinea that amoimt. Thta conetont imiformiry in tlie plan of 
the Bfahonirnedan mosque, rendera one ratiier tirsd of them, and to 
my niind, those ip)iicZi aro built of aiinplo white ntarble are iiicom- 
prehenaihly superior to any othnr. At thn groat mobc^iiu at Detlii, 
wo were aliown a hair of Mahomet'a beard, the book written by 
Mahoiiieti'a aon-in-Iaw, and tlic print of the prophot^e foot in stont', 
relics of the great Arab wJuch were valushlp in Hsact jjri»portioii 
to the faith of tiie beholder. Among other aights at the Seeundra, 
whore Akbar ia burit^d, is an old-efrtablUhed Roman Catholic mission, 
wMch ciahna to have been foundtd irkder the auapioea of Akbar 
himaelf. Here 19 the so-called wolf-boy, who waa aapturoil aome 
3reaja ago in a wolTs den. in comfK^ny with another Jod of eimLfor 
tiabits. Tiiey wtrc, I ^iippofto, carried off when they were mere 
childrfM» and aeein to have escaped the cannibal propenatties of 
the wild boofltj^, and hod actually thrown in tliojr lot witii the lattor. 
Odd of these lads ia dead, but tlie other one ie bIlJ] hving. He ia a 
oomplM« idiot, and quite ineapable of making hin wants known by 
articolate epeoch, merely pointing to fJs mouth when he ia hungry, 
Hjid exproaslng hia satiBfaction by a serittf of gruiita. Ho haa been 
clothed and fed by the priests, but it waa found beyond human 
power to bring him to his right mind." 

B 



1 

d 



114 



QUINTIN HOGG 



After giving a brief accouot of the terrible scenec Delhi wit*l 
ncsBcd during Uie Mutiny, he ends by doEcribing the monument 
to bis oouBin aad hie diildhood's heroj John Nicbclson — 



"I spaot my CbrkLmaa Day attiDding on the ridge ouUide Delhi, 
And gating on the aef'ne which thiit little srmy Iriohpd At diiririg 
the monthfl of that painful sicgQ, I reod on the stone oolimin 
erected in memnry of their deeds, tliat do leu than 2,000 ^ere sick 
out of 9,000 on thB dny ot osaanlt, and that of the 7,000 la^a engaged, 
some It^OO -vpTfto ki]|4>d ajid wounded, and then I strolled down t» 
Nkhokon'b tomb, aiid I leave yoii to judge whether or nc ] fcAb 
proud Gf my oniintry, &nd ihankeid God that in the days of England' 
peril BO many gallant fellows hod been found willing ; vho, forgetfal 
of their own safely, had thought oaS,y ol Uieij hdplfce countrywomen 
and c^hildren in Briti^-India, and had laid down thefr lives fov their 
friendfl. 

" Leaving Delhi and reloining the main line at Gaieeabod, we went 
on to UmbaHaH where there m a considerable cantonment of English 
and native soldiera. Here a brotli^-in-law of mine wof Commia- 
nioner/ and we ipent n ple>aeaiit day or tno at his hou^^. From 
Umballa we proceeded towards Lahore, the old capital of the Pun- 
jaub, and the place from which the one-oyed Rajah, Hungest Singh, 
drilled his Seikha with finch euocem that his fiuece^r, Ohdlab Singh, 
WH able to match them in a not unequal combat with Lord Cough's 
English troope. On the road to Lahore we stopped for a day at 
UmriUur, a place noticeable for it« so-called Golden Tcmplfrp a build-^ 
ing the roof of wliich is covered with gilded metal, which shines 
brilliantly in the ?un. It stands in the centre of a Uttle lake, the 
Bah of which ai^ bo feme that they M-ill come and take pieces of 
bread out of your liaiid. Tlie mus^ revered object in the Seikh 
Temple appi?arB to be their hoty book or bible, writings which con- 
tain. I believe, ccnfiidcrable portjona gathered from our own 
Scfipturce^ and which were cojopilf^ in tl'ipir prffipnt sliape by a 
' Oooroo,' Of eaint, who lived in comparatively recent ttm^. Wa 
got to Lahore in the evening, and, to our dismay, found tliat oil 
the bet«k were full. Of courae, in a place like I^ahore, there 
was sure to be a good sized * dak bungalow,^ so we drove two miles 
to the plaCG where it was aituated. Imagine my feslinj^ at finding 
this also full ! We were getting liungry, beeidee being very tired, 
and 1 began to tiiink we iihoiild have to spend the night in our 
gharri, Detemiiricd, however, to Icfive no stone nntumcd in order 
Id get a ^heltfT, I drove back to tlie hotel, and managed to fix up 
beds, where we were tolerably eotnfortable. Tiip neit dny we 
\nsited the fort where the Afghan priBoners, Vakoob lOian's relatiTon, 
woTB confined. 



n 

i 



^ Ur. Jtunet MEtcnabb' 



FIRST IA1PRESSION& OF INDIA MsD THE EAST 115 




I 



"Lottving Lahore at 8.30 p.TH,, we arrivHt at Jhelunn at in tbft 
mcmiiig. vid Adjourning to the dak boagnlow. prepared for oar 
driv£ at lOQ miln. Under ordinary ciroiimstanc«« this would «ooti 
hkvo been trawrsHl Ju>t now, hoirever, the enormDUB trmffio 
cfru«M by the war Eiaa cub tip the Toads terribly. In spite of omi^Jua 
lcirebo<lmgH as to tlie tiiun wp nhouJd lake to got to Ppshswur, wo 
daiermmad to run Uie rsk, and paciking oimwlvcs and the little 
hjggogo w* IravoUod with into the gharriee, *b act oH oo oar joumcy. 
We were galloping along the road merrily enough, when we were 
brou^t to a full atop by a reginieot of cavalry on the mareb to 
Peehawar, where they were to form part of a new coloma 8.000 
■UoQgp which waa being fonned undtr General Ron, as a kind of 
to flupport the 42,000 men already in AfghanistAtL Our 
■Aigefi vrttv not long oqm, but they wefe in moet cosoe very rapidly 
got over, whmi we ifure not impeded by any military or comini.q^^ariat 
traina^ doing aom^ of them at the rate of fourteMi mil^s an hour. 
By daybreak we found ourBclvoa slowly olimbmg a hUl which Ik) 
up to the dak bungalow at Attock. and tho luU being steep and the 
road terribly cut up. we had replaced our horsM by a pair of bullocks 
who werv making, as is their enstom, very elow progroea. To aecele' 
rabfl mabten I jumpMl out to walk, and arriving at the dak bungalow 
by a fthort cut found 3tre1<'hed out before me a panorama for which 
1 waa bardly prcpor^. What looked like an iEmoonBO gulf lay at 
my fovt. tlie wat«<r stretching away until I lost eight of it in the 
grey morning, and I had to think for a moment whpre I was to 
rnake ooro that J was en tho banks of tho lodua and not on the 
ahor^ie of a great sea. JuAt at thid point Uio C^bul river joinA the 
Indus, and ihc combined streams spn^ad ovef an immeTiae flat of 
low-lying country surrounded by hills, tJiroiigh an opening in wiuch 
the? emerge, under the name of the Indud, and find Uieii way south- 
word, bfvoining ne they travel one of the moflt mn^ificent water- 
ways in the world. At Attock the Indus k oroesed by a bndge of 
bonte. and being bound in by hilla on each eide. it la of no great 
width where tJie road crtta^fl it. Of th& body cf water which goes 
tJvoiiiKb this gorge, however, you may form some idea when I toll 
you that the rivet flOmetimae ns«e thirty feet in a Bingle day- The 
bridge and road ia commajided by the fort of Attock. and here It 
vos that my brother-in-law (Ur. J. Mac>nabb, present Commiaeioner 
of Umbella) wae sent post-haete by John Lawrence at the outbreak 
ot ttie Mutiny in 1&5T- with the order? to collect at once three montha' 
provisiorLfi in the fori, and if he could not get three months', to get 
three weeka', or even three days', but to t^t what ho could. Al the 
dftk bungalow w? were met with the most |.ijtiable dvecriplLUn of 
tba state of the Attofb bridge. ' You will n&vcr get across/ quoth 
a travelltf who iiad juat arrived from the other «idc, 'I have 
taken sixteen hoiu^ and a-lLalfgettins; over.' I wa« inclined to think 
that his woea were eieggeraled ; but, when 1 went down to look 




QUiNTTS" HOGQ 



ftl ttie stato of &tTB.irB in^'sElf, t saw ttist he had by no mearrfi cvei" 
Atatod tho cjuio. Aa fu ob 1 could see in both diroctionB tiicLc wa* 
one donae tuasa of bullock-oartfi, oaiuels, donkeye. ponies, mule- 
carts, and other desfriptionfl of v^hJoloA, seme ]oad<>d and Bome 
empty, but (Jl quite intent on croaamg the river. The wrctohed 
bridge ojily admitted of a eingle lino of i^arrifign, luid it wan now 
abaolul^ly hlo^'ked hy the two ccmtanding Htra&mfi, one wiabmg to .J 
get to PealiQwur and the other to relum to JheJum. Some of ttM 
cartmeu toJd as they had been there tltreo days* aad when ve a^r»d 
there in the morning they aeempd to have given theijiaelvee up in 
real Asiatic etyls to the neccosiiJOQ oE their poaition. Making no 
furblier ozerbion to progreee, tlioy Jiad unyokeil their bullocks cknd 
Bat down on their haunolira or rolled them&elvea in their rezim to 
wait until providonoe ot a Sahib should open Uuaji a way aoroM, 
TraveElbig with me waa an inapector of the poAt-officea. and bo wq 
Bp.t to work to do what wd eouM to clear the bridge. On the furth^ 
£ido there was a at«ep aeoent until tha Jevet of tha road waa ragained, 
and it wae \i&eo that tho ohiof difficulty occurred, T got together 
a gung of riDolica and ahoved up hplundeachcart aaita oienatruggled 
up the inoLine, whil4 tlie poAl-offie« inspector stood upon the brldgo 
and reduced the chaos to aotnetiiing like ordern We were nob 
flixtwn hoiuv in getting o^roRB^ but it took un four houiv and a half 
hard work to get our gharri to the other aide, and 1 felt full of in- 
dignation with the ipretehed mismanagement irhieh had allowed 
matf^re to gnb into auch a condition. A aticond pontoon bridge 
oould have been thrown acroae that etreara in a couple of days^ 
and yet the Government, to eave the few pounda which thia would 
have rmti, allowa this blook to go on montli after month, breaking; 
the heartfl of the oncers, killing their eatUe, and w&sting the wvgtf J 
of the raon, to say nothinp of detaining atores eorcly neodcxi by the 
poor fellows in tho front HiiGO or four dayH longer than waa at ail 
naceeaary. In faot all through this nrotched bu^ini^afl the Govern- 
ment appear to liave acted with that want of forcaight which aooma 
to be fio (harueteriHtio of our race. 

"Our gharri croaaed at Uat, and them we started to accompttah the 
forty-five miles whieh lay between us and Peehawiir^ We got into 
tlLo city about 5 p.m. Fceliawur haa the reputation of being ono 
of the mOHt unhpalthy places in India t Hoorchinghotinthe eummer, 
bitterly cold in tho winter, and reeking with malaria during thft 
monaoon, it affords lie iuliabitantfi a pleasant dioice between suu- 
Btrokc, rheuraatihfn, and lover, ond happy ia he who monagea to 
etoor oEear of al] threO' In addition tc fevor, ague, aunstroko, aud ,| 
rheumariain. Ptshawur ia noted for its TutB) arnia. PathanB, bud- 
washee, battle, murder and fiuddi^n d^ntlk Many of the men am 
aa fair ae Europeana, and all tlirough the diatriot we could not 
help noticing the (ine, upright build and martial bearing of many 
of the inhabitants^ who look ba though tfjey eonld eat up ttie poor 



FIRST IMPRESSIONS OF INDIA AND THE EAST 117 

wo»kl J- looking po>aaaQU inhabiting ttto plAtoB of Hoitgal. Soma 
little diatancB from thf Europefto quarter Ueo Uip oatEve city, coia- 
nurxfipd by a rifkfty old fort biiilt» lut evfliylhing in in T.hiR nf^rghbDur- 
bood, of mudt and which coiu«<|aont[y often ahovore down largo 
piaoea of iteelf on tJio heads of pAAaengvra below, whf^iievtr it bocomm 
neoflBBjy to firs a salute or in other VAy^ to bam gunpowder on 
Um mnpsrte," 

They obo p^id a visit to aa exiled Kokand Piince, to whom 
tlie Indian Government allowed the monifioent pension of lUO a 
month — 

■'Acoonipaniedbyoup interpreter wo ftppro*chod the bouse teiuinttid 
by tJie oxiled king, uid Bending in oiif namw* reqiifst^ to be 
oIIovmI to pny our rcapecU to hitn. We were immediately oeked 
flrtthin, Mid aflcending a rickety sbtur, we trftvereed a dirty gaUaryj 
entered anoblier room, and through tlifit a tliird. wJit^re chaira vptp 
placed for ub. and we were aiak^ to await the entrance of the Icin^, 
JM hid majesty at that motnetit wne engaged saying bis prayers. 
In a few miniitee be came In. a dffiolaI-e-lci:ikir>g youlh of nfxtut 
twenty-flix^ with hi* hair cut vary ehori. hin complexion yellow, and 
the loEoogo-ahftpod tendency of his eyta speakinp; onmiataUably 
of his T&rtar origin. He c&me up to us and ^hook hands in Europnan 
mAOner^ and gave ufi to underatand, through oijr interpreter^ th&t 
he took our viAit kindly^ end rather tiked being * intcirvicwod/ 
As One waa bound to iiay aomething, I ventured to ruik him whnt 
eatue the Ruaaianii had Raaigned for picking a qtiarrel with him. 
I aaked this not only to elioit an answer, but also^ I mu^t rcnfeed, 
because I wna r&ther }iazy in my geography as to the exact poattion 
of Kokand, though I had a sort rif indefinite idi>a that it wa^ some- 
where in the neighbourhood of Kliivo end Bokhara, He told 110 
the old atury — fJiat his unvte hod wauFed the tfirone. had asknl the 
HuHBianfl to help him, and they liad done so. No aooner had he 
aneceoded with the help of the ' White G^ar * in turaing hi^ nephew 
o^ the thronf. than the Bussians sent him to tJie right-Bibout also, 
ftnd quifttly annexed the country. The tkikhars pflople were jeftloua 
of the people of Kokand, and therefore allowed the Russiana a 
through pcMBage to fight their eaemiee* bufferlDg in return the same 
fate ai the RoumanianH when tbey performed a eintilar ^ennce to 
the RuBsiana during tho late Turk^h war. The noor yorng prince 
whom we iiiLurviewed looked harmltss enough, and cL*rLamly his 
dreas betokened more barb&rlam than eivilJzHtion. He wore a 
bri^t blue satin ctreaeing gown oroEunonted with gorgeoua fiowere* 
from beneath which his feet peeped out, clad ui some badly aliapod 
and ill-fitting European boots. Km prima minliilfT bIimmJ at tJa siite 
olad m a dreaung BOwn of a much leas Korgeoiia aapeoti and arp«r- 





IIB 



QUINTIN HOGG 



oiiUy exwcifluig his ingcnuitj in ahoving oaoh h&Dd aa for ab poaahle 
up the hleeveti of libt dttte. ao lui to in&ke the two ariiu of lue dresBing 
gown join together, completely hiding both hAtid« and wr^at9. 
The muii0t«r, hoirever, hod a faoe of some ability, and ho oft^n 
joined in the tHJQvara&tiun, illusir^tuig and Qolaj-ging en hia luaflter'a 
remftrks. Aftpr declimng an offer o( a cup oi ti». we said good-bye 
bo our Kokand fnend, and exprneed onr Bympathy for hia forlorn 
oondiLioQ. though we did oot tell him that jiut now there wore « 
good nkany kings knocking about in Bearch of thrones, and bo he 
had plenty of * brother cuR^rere-' 

" Leaving JmnrcHx] on hor^ebat^k, with lay ATreedi friend, Ayoub 
Khan (himnalf a Khyberee and f^hief of aome Afr<?edi viUagCd m the 
Poea), we cantered aharpty alon;; for eomo two miles, whon we found 
ouraelvee fairly between tlie hille. The road we traversed wau cut 
oLit of the rock, and pvny BalifTit point wan orfrnpied by a ematl 
m&rt«ll0| or aquare watoh-houac, whore a piquet of KngLiah or 
S&poy Boldien kept watoh^ At laat, wlien we were about eiglkt miles 
from Jnmrood, we suddenly rode round the slioulder of littto hillii. 
and there right before us, at a point-blank range of 2,000 yards, 
ttbood the fortress of Ali MuRjid. The lulls on either haitd, which 
had betn some distanoe apart, here approached preity oloee> and 
on a mound, aomotlung liko Primroee Hiil, between tlw Erowning 
niountoina, stood the Afglian fortre«a, where Sir Neville Cliamberlain 
WAS dsni^ admission by Shere Ali a year ago. and where the ^r^t 
blood woB ehed in Ihia Aighan war. My Aireedi friend, who ws* 
guiding me, seemed to know and to be known all along the route, 
and we amused ouraeK-ea in trying to pick ontr the little bands of 
Afreadifl, Shinwarriofl, Mohmunde, etc-, who were hiding on tbe 
hillside in the hope, perhaps, of conunittinii robbefy or murder 
whenever they thought they could do ho with impunity. At present, 
however^ the Passes are pretty quiet, for we eubsidiee all these 
tribes, anr) if any Eurapoonfl wore attacked during the doy-tiinp, 
the eubaidy would cejwe. At right all tj-offic is stoppjyJ. The men 
are not of a particularly inviting ofipeot. Their hair ia cut short, 
the crown of the head being covered by a dirty sknl] cap. For coafs 
they wfAT * poshttwiui,^ which consist of tunics with embroidered 
yellow leather outside, and sheep eldn, wool and aH, inside ; in the 
event of snow, the poahtoen ia reversed, and the shaciFy hair-wool 
Bjpoeed to the weether^ For weapons they have a rifle with a 
curious crooked stock, the barrel being so long that it ia nearly 
always rested on a stone or rook when being fired, A long d&ggor, 
sliAped like a carving knife, a pair of piatole, and a belt cont^inin^ 
ammiuiJtion, make ttp the portrait, 1 shall, however, be able to 
allow you oil these, as Ayoub Khan apparently took suoh a fancy to 
jne that he gave me his rifle, knife, and belt. 

•< Throe milM from Ali Musjid tlit' Kliyber wrdcna, and Bonte attempt 
is made to cultivate the Httlo valley into which the Pass reoUy 



A 



TIRST IMPRESSIONS OF INDIA ANU THE EAST 119 



ekLends. Hctre and thofe lie Afghan viilagoa, Ih&t ift lo SB>jt you 
WW R mtt(J wall ten fetl high* surroujidEd, as the cose iiitiy be. witli 
rme. two. or thr^d squaK towCTS, according to tlie v^th of the 
chici of the viJlftge, and yon oro told that inside th^oso valla lie tlifr 
hkiaseo of Uie vjUagtrs. Expreesing a desire to foun a cloeer tK- 
quftintAnee vith same of th^ae placoi, AyiMib FQkftn at nnpa galloped 
ofl the road, and l»l m? round to one of the larg«t viUagce from 
whicTj we foimd that the inhabitfliits had Qed, Uie men having tokec 
aflrvice either for or agflinqt aa as thf*y fell inrlijied, and the women 
m oonaE^qui^ncc having retired bo Bomecvhai osfcr quarti^re. T^e 
tr&IlB ore oftan nix or eight feet thltjk) and arc coinfiOHKl of rubble, 
plaatfrnl Logether vith v^ry tenacious rrnul, wtkioh acts like i?nnent. 
The odd thin@ ie iKat the roofs ruv constructed in a Rimilar manner ; 
tJipy are all ijiiil« flab, with a slight elope to ptf-vcnlr the rain from 

ttling on them, and are built appan^ntl^ as follows. Wattlj^. 

EiDQll branchce. arc laid from wall to wall, and o little brufliwood 
on tlie top. On this, mud is laid very thick, and gnincrally 
'^rith gr&ve}, th^ surface being Flniflhi^d off trith puddled clay 
flO afi to exoivde water. Their rooEs, they tell me, lost for yean, 
ftnd are very warm, 

"FVom JL>lta,labad, a nhort atoge brin^ you to Oimdamuck. where 
the treaty wss srgncdi and twenty-live mit«e poet that liee Jugdulluefc, 
A fearful pass, w^cii wee the scene of the mflBBBcro of the ill-fated 
British Army, in ita crimmally ill-managed r^r^At from Cabul in 
1841-2, under General Elphinatone. Out of the whole force that 
entered the Pasa but one man livod bo tell the tal?, and he arrived 
breatiblMa and visunded to warn th^ garrison of Jellalabad of what 
had befallen their oomrodoa in that narrow dedle. This Jvgdulluck 
f^ifa con, however, be eiiaily avoided. 

" At Lundj Kotal I wasi ^ven aahareofa sihelII lent which afforded 
shelter, but tliat was all. while For my meale I was Invited to join the 
ofiif^rs' mMB, The next day I cantered back to Ali Muajid, and 
thentc to PeHliawur. with ray Afglmn guide, who presented me with 
his ri^e. knife, and belt- I have aaid eo mu^h about tlie bad manage- 
meat of the tranflport busineaa, that I hke to be able to mention ona 
point vtmre the GovHmraeiit airBngemmta certuinly deserve praise. I 
mean the clothmg of tlie animolp- Durinjr the winter of I87B-T9. 
£t ia eatimatcd that the army lost no less than SD,000 eamela, from 
ejipoeure and want of care, to aay nothing of other bcaate of burdeikp 
Thlfl year tho Govwnment have elotbed every animal employed on 
tranprport duLv. Camc^Cp and bullocks alike have nice warm coverlets, 
and au^ojLj^t all the Uionsunde of AiiiTTwk wluch 1 parsed, I saw 
but very few that were suffering from aorea or ill-ueage The horaes 
on tlie ddk route, however, were abockingly bad- A few good one* 
were apeciaUy kept for uB on ouj upward jourjiey, but when we 
cams back we got the flame aa other people, and tliey wero quite 
unilt for tboir work. Hour ait«r hour I had to get out and oeeifll 



i 



190 



QUlNTtN HOGG 



Id flhoviog th.& gh&rrif till at last the wheels loiiohed Xhf* hnrstft 
and set them goin^. Ab I was jumping in, I slippod, fdl^ and got tbe 
heavy t'&niagH, with fnnr poople ineida and all t}it.i lug^^age oa It, 
over my leg. Fortiinfit^ly Lhe heel of tny tjoot pftrtinll^ Baved mf, 
otJiarwise my If^fc must ijicvitably Ixavq been hrokon, r£ itp ia 1 cen't 
do much walking yoi^ &nd [ oFTord a practical [UuairstJon cf tbo 
felUc7 of George C^el^fla' advied to ' hir« a cab and run behind.* 

*" We Btoyed «t LaIiotp for twcntj-four hours, ouid then punhed on 
to Caumpore. We put up in b very ctnnfcitlablo little hotel ki-ipL by 
an old sergeant in the "Sth Uighi&nders* who had accorapaniwi 
Haviolovk on liis fainoud n^arch to Lucknow, and had amvod at 
Cbwnpore |Ufit Iweuty-fuur hours after the maeaacre thve in 1857. 
Cawnpore itself fs not. inttr&eting, flflt itilh a flstnraa T havs never 
■een out of India, and duety toon oitetit tliat badlop nil dcBDriptioc. 
Hiere haviiip^ been rto ruhi fur some time, Bcar^y a bli^e of grasB 
was to bo so^n, the vei-tn^fll sTin befit down on rhe dosolotP -looking 
plain, <knd ths ait half choked you with mouthhils of dtietj while it 
wan pretending to cool you," 

Mr, Hogg then do«?ribo3 theeveola oE the Mntiny which made 

Cawnpore a sadly famili&r name to all Knglisb ears. From there 

be wrote to bis eldest brother, James,^ a letter which is of 

considerable Lntereat owing to the detailB it gives of Jolm 

Nioholson'B death -^^ 

'' To mo, and to you too, the reiost inttireating plac« I have visited 
was l><lhi. It ia full of memaries of poor John Nicholson, Thn 
Nicholson Gardens luark Ihi? spot whence our batteries breaobod 
the Oifllimero gate ; Nicholson Road markfl th<i lane where he waft 
ahot ; while* his nann* standu first on tlw' memorial crcsa erectod 
outaide the walls, and his ie.ce looks down upon you from the woUb 
of the muBc-mn- I Oin having a copy of the lattor painting done 
for you on ivory, as I thought you would value tt ... it is a fairly 
good reproductioOt though harder than the original, which, while 
liko Joho, hee a singularly ewnet cxpreecjon and shows him at hie 
beat. . . . The ndgt held by our troopa hi 'A7 was very intort«ting. 
It lay on the north ol the pity, and is rather more than a nxile in 
length. At one end of Jt is Elindoo Rbo'b house whf'fe ho many of 
OLU' luek oClicora lay through the siege, and wher^ they awBit-cd the 
result oE the osanitlt, and at the other end a Idnd of tomb where the 
Btandard was hoiBt-cd and wbiah gnarded our left. In front of the 
letter point the Cashmere breaching battery had been pushed 
forward to witliin sonie fisw hundred yards of the curtain and bas- 
tion at tht> Coahmc^re gate. It muft have been from this point, 
acrosa the glaciia intended for tlio foee of England, tiiat John led his 
men and stormed the gate. TTiis secured, he turned sharp to the 
^ Lonl Mik)tberaDiora& 



FIROT DdPRESStONS OF INDIA AND THE EA8T 121 



I 



ri^ht, led his Fonv just irmide thfi wall, along n narrov Urif* with 
liouees on <m& side and the city wall on the othor U> aesist the CabnJ 
£Bt« which th« fourth column wore fttta<-kuig with no very great 
ftmoimt of nphit. Expecting the fourth i^olumn to «Tigagi> the 
enemy in front, John took them on their right flank, and swept them 
paat the Gabi^ gat« to a point some aij^j yards along the wikU 
whSTP » gun romman ding what is now railed ^ Nicholenn Rotd ' 
waa ploood. The sight of this gim and the hoavy fire from the 
houvee on the toft auhde our m&n hold back, epccially as the bncli- 
wanlne«4 of the foimh colimm altowod the rnemy %o fire on them 
from the wall on out trig^t as wetl aa from the housee on th« left. 
It y/ta while encouraging hiA men at thia point that John fell aad 
waa catHhI to a house at thc3 CaaLunerQ gate, which ae f ar aa I can 
make out must have been what 19 row Die Norllibrook HoteL 
ElordLy iitid be been laid on bie bed than Charks' wae brought in 
And Br'otdpntally placed by John'K KJde, Tiiniing round and 
^•eeing hi« brcther wounded. Charlee burst mXo tear? — u[toD which 
John Icanod over and sbruck him. bo at leaet I was told by more 
than one who wab prT!a«nt at tJie siege, aad the characterietica of 
the two brctiiera makes the etory a probable one. Colonel Wat«r- 
field, with whom I ntaycd at Pi^hawur, waa often with John aftef 
the aaaault, and waa the firvt to t«l] him that hifl wound was ruortoL 
John bunt, into t-eore, 'utterly broke down' waA the expression, 
in reply to WatorQeld^fl offer to write or take meseagea ttvr him, 
thanked liiin and said* ' No, lie }iad none to eend.' Tho night 
aft«r that Waterfield waa reluming home efler Eons^., and seeing 
a hght in tho room where John was lyingn he look^ m ihrotigh 
the window. John had juHt died, not a EirroptAn was Jn the room, 
but the natives were gently and reverently etosing the eyes, 
smOOthinj^ the hair and arranging tbe limbs of all that remained on 
earth of John Nicholson. Colocef Waterfietd ahow^d me John's 
sword belt whieJi h» vryr^ when he was shot ; it wae made in London 
for him by the cvdor of Herbert Ednardce- In the Punjab, some 
fifteen milee beyond l^wul Pindu. crowning an eminence and 
»een on all eides, stands an obelisk of stone. It b««rs no inscripfion 
00 the out^de, but inaide are the words — ■ 

" ' This column ia erect*^ by friende, Britiali and Native, to Uw 
memory of Rngadier-G^neral John Nifholflon, C-B.. w}io after 
taking a ht^ro's part in four great wars for the defenvo of Britiab 
Indu^^ 

><'Oabul. U40, 

'^'lotSeikh' War. 1846, 

*"2adSeikh War, 1948. 

r- Indian Mutiny, 1867, 

* JoKq Ktrhaboa'a brathar— -see pai^e 37- 

I I have ipft (be ipehing ai it staDdBiuMr. Uogg^s tetters, even though 
in MT^ral inetanoM it is not that iuubUt aoooptadu correct ii0*adayK 



QUINTIN HOGG 



and bomj; aa reootmed for his civil roJo in the Punjab oe for hi* 
Bhare in it& uoDqiiuet. ftjU moTl&Uy iFOunded on Ui6 tltli Stipbf<niber 
in l^djDg to victory the Tcain ixilumn of aEssult at the great Bicge 
of Delhi, and died 2ard September, 1857, 6ged 2i. 

" ' Mourned by the two rftc*« with nn equal grief/ ■' 

Mr. and Mrs. Hogg^a next atcippiiig^place wor Banare^— 

'*ODe of the holiestcLtinin India, wheremany Hindoos come to die. 
in the Bitn belief that by ho doing they will go to heaven. How 
etrangc it u that in all races and frutha there aeeinfi a t^.-ndt'ccy lo 
think more oF the plH^'e you Eivp in, than the »ipirit in whic^h you 
live there. The Papist iavi»ta Rome, the Hifualist the Bt^pfl of his 
Eo-callfMJ "altar" — the Moslem, Mecca, the city of the Prophet, 
ani) thn ffindno hts Gange8, with florrtp special power of drawing 
him oear God, forgetful of the old truth that 

'Ornlp within no vrails flon6o»l, 
Inhubiti fltill the hiiiiMe mind; 
Where'nr m^-n seek Bim He ta found. 
And every place a hely ground." 

By far the best way of spioing BeoaroH ia from Ih* ri vor, ao w« wont 
along the river ittfiit of tlje city« aud aaw Uie burning giiaula and 
fiotiie of the temples. The elate of t]ie river is simply indescribable — 
the Londpn miun eower would be Bwoeb i?:omparDd to it i and in 
addition to a fearful amount of refiiae, you see occasional dead 
bodtefi floating down, on which carrion-eat ing birds are feeding," 

Inuring their wanderings ac accident ucclut^ wliich nearly 
cost both t}ie traveUer^ their lives. At the top of a ateep, long 
iticUne which Ihoir train had to ascend in crosaiiig the hills, the 
engine in trying to reoonple after it had been to wat«r failed to 
cntch the lirk, whilst the ahock of the impact atart«d the carriagea 
ha<!lcwa,rda. Tlie driver humedly made another attempt, but 
probably rendered nervous by biB redfzafion of the impending 
danger, ^ain failed, and the eecond tmpetun served to send the 
carriogeH over the brink of the bill, down which they mehed with 
ever- increasing momentum. The front guard walked through 
the train, warning the pasHengBrB of their peril. Mrs. Hogg was 
^leep. fto taking care not to arouse ber. her husband bedded 
her rotmd with cuHhionB, rugs, etc.. and then eat down beside 
her to await the craAh that appeared inevitable. Fortmiati^ly 
the brake* were poweriul, and on the only bit of level ground that 
occurred in all the downward run, the guards sacccedad in bring- 



FIRST IMPRESSIONS OF INDIA AND THE EAST 123 

ing the fugitive eamageB to ft standstiD- Though veiy out- 
spoken &nd frank &s a boy. Quintin Hogg had groirti more uid 
more reserved as he grew older, and would seldom speak of any- 
thing that ^ected htm strongly. In this c&de he was probably 
largely actuated by the fear of mokiDg his wife nervous and spoil- 
ing her enjoyment of future hill jouineys. He kept silpcce, 
ftnd ahe never knew of her narrow escape until many year^ 
later, when to her astonishment be used this story to illustiste 
»ome point in an address^ 

WhiUt at Calcutta they attended a grand native nautt^h in 
honour of the espousals of on antiquated bridegroom of 16 and 
an aged spinster of II, 

" A more unibtereeting, I m&y say a mora uomazily^, lot of Icmking 
tbUowe thou Lhe native Rajahji I have never ae^a. Tlie trontrast 
betw^n Ukfiee men and tho«e ve havp &«en at Peehawur was very 
atrikiag, and a gfrntleroon who bad hccrx prcaeint when the lato 
Ameer of Afghaaial&n came down to Lord Majo^a durbar, aome 
Mven year« ago, told me that the Afghan Atneer eoiild not help 
ekpTDBBinp hie disguft at the attempt of theee native prince to ahine 
with jenelleiy rather than manlincsa, for when Lord Stluyo uked 
him what he thought of some sppoially gorgcoun trappings whl(>h 
bung on the nook and turban of one of the RajaJjB, Shere Mi azwwered 
aloud, ' In my country it 'u tlie womtn who wear jeweta.' filkere 
AU himnelF wa^ dre«9ed on that occasion in plain white, without 
jewellery or omameata of any deecriptioo.** 

Trom Calcutta the travellers wont to Madras and thence to 
Oolombo, which apparently did not iinpreafl them very favourably, 
for Mr. Hogg writes — 

"When I want to emigrate I shan't goto Colombo: it ia hot. dbr^, 
and evil-sraelting ; and. as if to make the wont of their position, 
the inhebitante, inatc&d of building houMa oa we do in Demerara at 
»ome el^v&tioii from the ground, live In small bungalows uf one 
storey, tho gardens ol whit^h are enclosed by a wall as bigh aa (he 
top of the windows, and are planted up with cocoanut and other 
ireee ao oa lo prevent any littls bree^ there is from getting to the 
rooms- Tha town 10 very scattered, and to get ftoro your offioe to 
your house you have, in moot caate, to drivo through narrow and 
dirty native streeta. the dweUere in wbiph, like everything else m 
Ceylon, are redolent of eocoanut oiL In addition to coooanut oil. 
Ceylon produces tortoiac-«hell. co^ec, and leeches, the latter in gre»t 



QUINTTN HOGO 

•baodaoM Tn the hi1b<» after a few Eliowara liavci falleOt it ia 
impOBsfble to Ifet^p Ui(«o pb^oe oS yourlt^; they he in xnit for 
you cm the ground, they run after you when they aee you Ln the 
dist4iiice, they drop on your hnad from brHnehps of ireea. and lay 
hold of your ]«ga oa you rid^ past the bTiahcfi. One thing you -very 
early Icam ia Ceylon, and that iB, always to w«lk foab if you haro 
to travetrie any graaa. Tlie ln<ch?s hcer aoinebcxly coniuig* and 
genomlly rniss the fii^t corner to settle on Dumber t-wa, Tho nat-ivcu 
are well aware of this, and when you come to a leech-booring field 
it ia amuHijig to nb^i^rvp the rpadineBH of the crafty Hindoo to * ahow 
nisBter tlie wfty/ WhPti I was aiatter, however, I liked to find my 
own way, and leave nny coolie to fight it out with the leochea. Per- 
flonatly I w&b very luuky* aa when T went IhroYigli the eetolaa the 
had nob be«n h^avy enough to bring out aoy number of leeohes, 
but plant-era tell me bliat they Jiavo often con» home and picked a« 
many aa Hinty ofl their body aft«r half an hour^e walk. 

"From Kandy Mra. Hogg went to a plaoo oallnd N^w^ra EDia. 
•onv> six thouaand foot abovo the eeo^ \vhoro 1 hod taken a bungalow 
for her while I valU^ the coffra diatrietB. Theee dislricl* of courHC 
lie among the hills, And mu?t have bf«n pretty enough before the 
toffee plantota replaced the virEin forpet witJi tho stunted, Uf^y- 
louking coSee plant, a good doal of wl^iich rceeinblefi nothicig ao mueh 
•fi a worn-out gooseb&iry bush. The felling of thp fnrest is a eupious 
eij;htf and is one of tho f«w things which the Sinj^haleee (the inliabi- 
tanle of Ceylon) are quite willing to do ; all the work of the ialand^ 
with the exception of tree-felling and Tree growing, being performtti 
by cooUea from South India, who arc rapidly outnumbering the 
native population. When a planter wiahes twenty or moTO acfoa 
out down he enlera into a contract with a Sitiglial**, who r?om'« with 
a fow axemen and sUurta upOQ the trfve. The method id io cut a 
wedge from tlie trunk of cacli tree on Uie HJde on w^iioh you wieli 
them t-o fall, and thfln a very muoh ^mnlleT wedge on the other side 
of the trunk. I^us you do tiU every tree in the whole t^veuty acres 
is prf-p^r^, upon which you start off one big treo ; thui one foiling 
breakt; down the next, and ao on with noise like thunder that oan 
b« heard for miles round ', the trees throw each other down and the 
whole foroftb diaappears in the courso of a few minulte. ITje next 
operation is to bum off the felled wood, after whioh roadu are traoed. 
draioe dug, and the cofTee pLante put in. Another industry which 
la being teken up here a great deal ia that of ciiK^hona, a tre« from 
the bark of which quinine ia prepared. In old da^'s Hub wae only 
got from Fgetu, and the Peruvian Government were very jealous of 
their righte. I remember my father telling me that when he was 
tiljairma:i of the Court of Dirf^ctors they vainly imduavoured to get 
tlie Peruvian Government to give them shkIb or euttings so that 
t^ie tree nJght bo propagated in India. All is fair, they say, in love 
And war, ao the Court at Directors zoade no bona about sending 



M 



FIB8T IMPRESSIONS OF INDIA AND THE EAST 12C 



a few botAiLicA] thieves to IViru. who. without asking the IcAve of 
the GH^vemm^nt, cairi^ oQ a fiuffici^nt trntnb^r cif »e^di to pl&nt 
up eoETie ntmeriee in Xndisk. Tlieaa Creee aro aov growing in many 
pcui0 of th»t peoinvula, and to suit- tljc waato of the people cho^ 
febrifuge powder? ari^ pr^ptLTPd on the spot, which have i>OKrty ■■ 
much eQect aa a more highly-pncwl eulphate of qnmme/' 

Writing tm boaid ohip whilst en route for Siugapore, he re- 
marks — 

" I wae aot very aorry lo got awB> from ibe Bo-caU^ ial? of Bpicea, 
B« I now iiultilgf* in a f&int hope gI gt^tting toy pooJcPl handkercliisfi 
waahed without their boing Bleeped in coooarLUt oil, and of having 
my white trousers aeut hoiue in o ixjndiUon leoa euK^^^tt^^ of sahKL 
My time wa« «o t&k^n up witii buaineaa that 1 had but little oppor- 
tunity of touring about in the island outride the coffot* districtc ; 
Lhcro are, howi^ver, sevHrai int«reetiiig (jlace» vmU worttiy of a visit. 
amongst whloh is Adam'a Peak, a coaicol hill nearly 8,000 feet high. 
vhioh wo£ for a long time suppofl^d to be th« lu^hwt point in the 
island' At tin? top of the mountAin is a tnnall tcroiple. covering ft 
roch which b^&r& a mark having a faint rtemtbiaEite to a gigantic 
Coot — Th& foot of Uaddiia, say the Buddlusta — the foot of Adam, 
say Uie Munauhneii — the foot of Su Paltiok, the Irkh woiild nay, 
did they know of it ; while the Scotch and WeUh would probably 
eupport the clajma of a Mai^ or an Owen. The niarlc \a of such a 
sbe as to Huggoat that whoever made it would c^rtAinly find a 
diETiculty in getting rtll^-d with roaUy-mode boota — it h rather Ifmger 
than a tati man and wide tn proportion- Be Ihie ae it may. howovor, 
it aerTca to support a cnrlain number of prieats. who don't car? who 
owTued the foot ao long aa they gut the njoney. Tn fact the wor- 
shippers ore welcome to attribute the mark to whom they like, eo 
lang Qfl (he * poor prieet's handii aro croHotd with Bilvor, noble 
gentlemen," aa the giiHien any." 

Whilst &t Singapore he visited a Chinese theatre — 

** The hall wB^ about twics the sice of tliat at I^ng Afrre, the floor 
waaoE earth, and filth dy dirty, and the audieneo were accommotl^iled 
witli Boata on wooden benches, the extra lojcury of a cushiou heinK 
attunable for the Hum of a halfpenny. ' Wliat lit the damage T ^ 
1 aehed the man at the door. ' A dollar,' he replied aa hold aa 
bruA. ' Rubbmlj. tiere's Htxpence/ and eo in I walked, the ChinA- 
mar probably ehirrkliiig over hai'ing rohhrn) me of, 1 suppose, about 
three tiinee the legitimate entrancij fee. As a Chinmo play generally 
tfikee ttireo or four monttia to finiah> and Una (ine liad oiJy beou 
going on ahuuti five w^eks, 1 did iittl btay to see the end of ttie per- 
formanc^ep but enliofied n\yself with a very amatl dose of one acene, 
I tuppoefl the Ohinacuen find it interesting or they would not go, 



I 



I 



1130 



QUINTTN HOGG 



but anything dnlln- to a European it is hnrd to Iniagine. Thedroasffl 
Tere rnoet gorgooua, uid uiAamuch as there was not a aingie beotded 
man Eocept myaeJit In the AudiencCp sc there was not a aingLe nun 
r»n the fit&gfi wlia did not wfAT a ffilHe b^ard of altop:other BttiptaidouH 
pnjporti^iL'4, The tuttors appeared to Hnd tiie vork v(^ fatij^umg, 
for After ^aUcing about tiro or three minutec t}Lcy e&l dcwu ami 
took a rest on n chair, during tlic whole of wliich tJni3 Uicy ivould 
fling what I supposed vta ttiG&nt to be & eong.'^ 

He abo describes for theui^* 

'*ft Utile Malay village built in ahaUow WBterand imlirolyrc^mgoD 
piles, the inhabilAn[« of whichk fie you may Bup^xAt. An perfectly 
amphibioua. 1 call Ihem Malaya bM<aufie their niothera, I believe, 
belonf; to that rac« : their fathers must certainly h«VQ been fiehes. 
Their firet operation when they want to take a walk ia to jump into 
the wAtflr, and Ihey get tht^ir living mainly by visiting ahipa fl£ Lbey 
come into harbour luid af^lling fihdis, M&Locoa cance, PenAng Eawy^v, 
binU, and eixnilar curioaities. Tliree or four canoes laden with on 
endlesR variety of nbells lay off our nhip the whole day. and a few 
uppers would secure Bpecinkene ^^hich would liave been more readily 
bought had they been leee impotusihle to carry owing to their extreme 
fragiliTy. Another favourite amiis^mF^I of the Malays id the old 
one of getting you to throw emah coins into the water, which they 
easily eitou^i secure by diving after theui/' 

Thnr next atoppmg place was Saigoa, where the weather waa 
"hot and stifling/* the place ^'pckor and dirty,'^ whilst the 
mtKiquitoe^ were like a " hostGe army,*" and their attacks re- 
mindt^ the leUer writer of two moHquito stones — 

" la vain we fastened mosquito netting acroBfi our poH-hole, and, 
denying ouiseivee the luxury of a li;rht in oui cabins went to bed in 
tiiH dark. No sooner were w^ faErly enHcxmctd than the little 
wret^ed began to make it ao hot for ub that I woa aeriouely con- 
tamplating trying on that trick which a friend of mine — an Iriahcnan 
of course — played upon Rome Singhaleee irosquitoee a short time 
ago- This disciple of St- Pstrick was staying at a planter's house 
where there wor« more gucQta than bode, and he therefore hod to 
content himself with a sofa in tlie dioiug-room. The moaquJloefi 
being unable 1o punish the other guests began to give it to the 
Irishninn, who toseed about vainly sf^kina repoBe, About two 
o'clock Ilia host having heard constant disLiu-bartcea in tlie Iriahman'e 
room entered, and to hid intense surprise found his gue:>jt Jying under 
the table, although the brandy bottlo wee safely undtT lock and key. 
On Bdki/ig the reason of this atran^ eelectiou of a reetiug-place 
which his friend had mode, the latter answered in a whisper 



1 




FIRST IMPRESSIONS OF INDIA AXD TH£ E^r 127 



* Oc}it 7011 nACftt, hueh ! don't 70a eee I have lUAde op a dmamy 
tmvetler in my twd with a bolster fuul piDov, And the wfir 
VillAins «re biimg it and thickisg it is me.' It was even so. lUddy 
was ootLvicced that School Bo&rda v^re no good if they could not 
fTnablp hiiu to cxrcumveiDt th« mosqjitoes, and he thurefure i^fL^eed 
the rest of th« mglit onder th« dmiug-room tab]?, in the iimt belief that 
the bulk of the moaquitoea wef9 puoctoring the dummy on the K]f« 
witJi i-Ueir ^troboHxa and wondoing why Iriah blood waitiKi thills. I 
rameicber another enconnt^r with moaquitoM in Demerarat where tha 
Actom were not Irifhioea bat Soot^hm^iL 1 can't vouch ffs- the tmth 
of it. but it U one of the current tr^iti cms of Brilisb Guiana. We havB 
in that magnffi<>«nC province the finest specuneos of DOOAquitoea ktiown 
in thcT world ; their legs ore striped, their mqac l o are morvelloualy 
dpvdopod. and ihriretin^ajeaoperslsttnt that they go by the nani? 
of ' ^ley-nipperB.' The fttovy runs that one evening Itto Sooteh- 
mra (planters) were bragging about the thickncae of their reapective 
hSdoB rvodering ihem moequilo-pnxifH The contention waxed hi7t 
aa to whoae hide was Uiitk^st, aitd aided in a bet, bho randiiioDS 
of which were that the two wore to Ue down in thoir birthdoy 
suil£ in the gallery, without any artificial prut^'ction of auy Lind : but 
inaamuebaa mMquitoea in <he eyps and noae n^ere more tJian bunkan 
pahire could endure CAch party vas to be allowed to nmoke m cigar 
for the protection of hla face* tlte man who stood the tefit the longest 
without moving to win the bet. The oonditionfl werv strieily 
cotapliod with ; the two puir bodiea etrippnl to the Bkin, lit their 
cigara, and lay down «ide by aide in that part of the gallery where 
Hbfien» of brt^ie rendered the moBquitoea most nuinf^rouB. It 
waa not Icrof, bcfoH^ one of the planlers began to repent his bargain ; 
the peet0 crowded ovor him tmd covered evtry square inL^h of his 
body* filling him with an int^Qse longing either to t?ut his fitick or 
at least to acratob himself, — for Bince the days of the good DuJce of 
Argyle Ihoae who hail from the north of tlw Twrwd are supposed 
ro bavp an undue longing for the proper trituratkin of their Bkino. 
At last the poor f&Uow could stand it no loagf« ; in sheer despair 
he looked rcmul and saw hie conirado lying c]oee to bun with his 
AfTOA eroa oo d and smoking his cigar as if he were in th« most com- 
fortable position in the world. It is said |o require nothing lesa 
.than o surreal operation to get a joke into the h«ad of a Scotchman, 
I but then the mofiqiiit««fl wctb carrylttg cm a Eargc nirmbor of surreal 
opetationB Fiimnltaneou^ly aU over his body^ which rnfly perhaps 
account for the brilliant idea which euddcniy occurred to him. 
GenTly, very gently, wilhdrftwing his cigar frorn his month hir 
knocked ofl the aab and opphed the end — need 1 say the hot end T — 
to his componioD^a body. The efFwt waa instant aneowi. Sandy 
could stand tJie mosquit^ee but not the Ore. and clapping lib liand 
to bis injured portion, tie roared otit, ' By George, Ihat'a a galley- 
nipper/ thereby of coume losing his boU Now the particular 



■ 



US 



QUTNTTN HOGG 



t^MSR of moeqniUieB vith whit-h ire had bo dea} wHh at Saigon^ 
though extremely peniateat and unuflu&Uy muBicbl* wcro not \ety 
VCnoniou* i thry leased One beyond enduranoe. but tlieir bitta wore 
not naorly aa bnd an their bark. Mr«. Hogg lo-y in her berth dabbing 
bffoeU with ecHi-deH^Iogne, whJe 1 went cm deok aad alternately 
>ab in on armchair or waJked about, wailing an patit'ntly aa I could 
for the dawn, uvUirh nould I kuuvt be the ><igiiul fur the Uifiap];ieBranc« 
of tbe moaquitoes. 

" Ouf stay at Baiicon fortunatety extended fof only twenty-four 
hoiu^ and yeaterd^y at nOOn wo had Our anchor up and wn* Kt(«mmg 
awa.y down the Me Kong. A little after three m-9 dropped our pilot* 
and bore We are running along thecoostofSoutlLern Chine, some eight 
milea olT land, and expecting to arrive at Hong Kuug in about forty- 
eight hours/' 

Their first glirapoe of China proper was Hong Kong, where, 
however, they found *' nothing much to see,'* and so burned on 
to vi^t Canton- 
Arrived at C&atoG, they aoori obtained ^'ch&ira'* and were 
conied about the city, 

"I never yet Raw a pla^^ which gave one the idi^a of aaoh a 
denae population. The etreeta wore ewarrning witli Chinese, yet ao 
narrow that in many plaoee two cbain coidd btLrety paee each other. 
and there ia not a aingle atreet down whi^h a earriage could drive, 
, , , ThroughnarrowaQdmoetodoriferous atrcetawewoundourway 
to the objecta genendly visited by foreignefE. The templea were 
Biwayfi gimrdedby two gigantic Qgurcv, about the size of our Gog and 
IfagOg, and jufit about ae good-looking, Lnside a poor building, 
ft few wooden iiuagee* and eouie burning ' joHa stickfi.' Ilie 
moral reputation of the dtrty-looking idlers vho act e£ prieeia doe« 
not eeem to stand very high amongst the Chinese- One of these 
templea was appropriately tormcd ' tlie temple of horrors/ It 
eonaiated merely of a large * le&n-to ' ahad of r^onaiderable lengtli, 
inside whieh were the bguroe of some gods — in £ront of whom thoae 
who had done evil in this life wtTO receiving a little odld corretitioa 
From their tutelary deiliiH. 

^'Exactly oppoaite the cshamber of horrora a little p^ormacce 
of Uie same deacription, but on a einaller KcalEi, waa going on ; for 
here public dentinta were carrying on their }nW'brEiaking bueineaa, 
and were inviting paaBers-by to sit down for a nioinent in a chair and 
have aome ofth&ir teeth pulled oul for a trifling outlay of a few cafih. 
TliAHH ' i^aahp* you must nTidrr^tnnd. [ire the amsllmt Chinesri 
eoina. They have a hole in the middle, and are generally strung 
together by means of a atzing or oane. A thouaond of them arc equal 
to 4«, Set As the dentiat could not of courae interruptr himeelt in 



FntST IHPRE6SI0NB OF INDU AND THE EAST IS9 



the *"■**** of an mteHting extrartiori to anTiouncv hb trade to 
pAflBen-by^ lie made iwe of mn excellent sign-boud, coosatmg of a 
|ft«C6 ol wood about eight infhfe square cfn irhkh his nAfoe n-aa 
writtsi* aod Buapend^d from which vert long sirings of homui 
teetli, vfaieb hung flapping in th» wind and cbAifering ^h&fltly 
nxTitatJODS tc byotefulera 1o add one of tbdr maiiticaton to th& 
sign-boanL I was vrfy much taken up with these dentwU' wlvtr- 
tiaamanU, and tried to indur^ aevernl of them to wU noe or«. I 
WM WkBuocmsfu] UQtJl I saw a mAfi iA-ho had tvo^ ont^ ol which 
I ecuDeniiBd in buying, aft^r a tang bru-t^r. for the sum of 14- Yoii 
mfty Bnagina the hnge deMpifil of the ChinMie rro^rd vh«n they «aw 
me take down tbo nian'a Fign-boord, t«^ bjuI aJI, and marrii with 
it under my arm to my chair- 

" Atone of tltPt«Tnpl»weHavAvafT-c1oclc«aidtobeei^t hundred 
yean old, and J belipve tho only thing of the kind in the vorld, 
lb ooonla merely of three bronxe bucketa, aJTauged ooq above 
the Othar^ from the fint and second of which vs^tet drops mto th^ 
lower one* muoh m the style of a Lipecombe f}lt«r, Tliia Uiwer 
bucket boa a cover with a amall slit in the middle through whidi 
Affxara a kind of bronze tiiiet with the hnom marked on it in 
ChtneeeL The ruler ie fixoA to a piece of wood in the body of the 
bucket, irfUch) of cour»r. riaea aa the wat«- iDrmtece in bulk, nod the 
water la ho timed aa to fkrw in at bo mach Hn hour. This dork is 
hKiked upon with aonw pride by tbe Chinfee, and they ei-ll at the 
temple joaa etickn arran^:^ somewhat aftf^ the manner ol King 
AJfred^s candkK, bo a« to lelJ the time b8 they bam, I bought twD 
of Uwaa ; one kmg one for the day, and one twiat^d up like a eerpcDt 
for the night. The pricet oafiured me I rouM count upon theJr being 
r^rrect, ea the maker waa conHtajiiJy t^hpebpd by mfans erf the gnfit 
WBtef <?lw£k ita^If, Tell it not inGath (or, at least, not in Canton), 
but tbe wat«i clock waa virteen minutea wroinfE by my E!n|Etvh 
walfh. Tilt? priei^t limiled increduloti^y when I informed him of lbs 
fact, and appe&red to havo as much faith in hut <:itn\c au dxit cHe- 
famled Yankee who a«Aijred hie &udienoc that if tbe sun was not 
' OW the brow of tbe liill in Gve niuiutea it wnuM be b^ind time-' 

*'Tou must rem^mbpfthat with ail their faulta the Chinree are 
pevhape lite meet dutiful people to their porente, alire or dead, 
in the world. The grey-haiird man is alwaya trefited with 
naapaot. 

"Ho riait to Cbnton ironid bocomplete wrUiout a hmcfa oS birds'- 
Mflt wrap, BO we went to a nctaurant, into which we were carried. 
chaira and all, and aaoF-ndtn^ a fnglilfully dirty wooden fltainsBe, we 
amvcd at &q equally dirty first floor^ and 1i>eiice |tob to a reasonably 
olcBUt ecantily fumialitd room on Uie second floor. Hlierc the table 
vttft laid for ofl- For eaeh of ua ft two-pr-onffed fork^ a paJT of diofv 
«tieka, and a porcelain spoon were provided^ ^nd little eupa td tee 
vrtw set before us while the soup was being brougtit up. Next, aa an 

1 



uo 



quiNTLx Hoao 



app^aor, wo w^VG fpven in tlio tiiii«t of glasBfiQ Bomf of the ^ne oTp 
apiriU of the cminUy> made trotn rice and drajik }iot. It iii OkUed 
' flhamehoo ' in China, and ' 9&lc6 ' in Jap&n ; and having tasted 
'ahomsboo^ I doa^t think I Bhall trouble ^ Bftk^.' Following tine 
* wakA * came » very email dish of oimijum gatherum into which we 
vers bJI puppo3*d lo atiek Our twD-pfongpd fortw, and selpct what 
we likod ; ae wd liked to abetAin wo did cot trouble the forka. Then 
came the difh of tha aCtemooD, birdH*'ne«t eoup ; it was served Id 
a Bzoall bowl in which tli«re vras very littlo soup, a great doAl of 
birds' neat, a certain number of pij^orxa' egga> and to orown all, a 
hUco of ham, I had been ao sickened hy the amellB nf Cmiton, and 
by tbe aight cf the nstanrant, that it wha with the utmost dklfiriilty 
1 Bufncx^dcd in piping down three or four mouthfulla of the hirda^ 
nest, and Mra. Hogg was in aoinowhat the wioie predicament- Our 
guide, however, thoiig}it us very cmivpriiHnt cOTupaniona, for it left 
him the wholo of the bowl to himfl^^lf — an opportunity of which ho 
waa Dot slow to avail himself. Afto: the birda' -neat aoupwewore oacb 
DfTared & pipe, and wishing to do in China ae China does, T Rmokpd 
a coirpTo. Vou must not suppose that smoking a pipe in China is 
quite the same aa emoking a pipe in England The Chineae pipe consMts 
of a bowl fillpd with water, a long ntPtrt. end a v^ry small tube, on the 
top of Trhich you place a minute amount of tobaoco. From tliioa 
tobacco once ignited, jou gei perliapa half a juinute^s fair smoking, 
and then the pipa a doT\p ; I r.an only siippORO that the amount of 
tobacco us'^d Is regulatod more b; the iiurseu o( the Chinese working- 
daeaee Ihan their incJinations, for one could haidly doubt tljat they 
would prefer a longpr pul] at their luimy if they could afford it; 
as it ia, however, thia pipe is, 1 am told, in uni^-e1^al ui% all over Chincb 

'*T}ie moflt proTL li II ent build LDg£ in Canton are the pawnshops, they 
fitand up hl^e huge towersallovFTther^ity, Asth? bulk of tlte houses 
are only one, or, at the moat, two Htoreya high, while theee huga 
pBwn-oho;w require ten storeya in wluch to pile their p^oods, I wont inti> 
one of them, and having chin-ehin'd the proprietor, got Itvvo to go 
to the top of the building ; and 1 waa vwy glad 1 dkl bo^ for besides 
seeing the v^onderful regularity with which all the pjooda were atored 
away and labelled, I got from the top of this house nmost exnellent 
view of that port of the city. Far below ma lay the streeta and 
houace, and I noticed on the tops of the latter a number of earthen- 
waie jars dlled with water as a precaution in the event of flreB. which 
in Uieae narrow streets are frightfully deBtructivp. Some thirty 
years ago over 2,000 people were burnt to death in a aingle con- 
flagration, 

"Deaoending from the three balls ve vi^it^d tike eir^cut ion ground, 
a place lying clofw to the river, from which it le separated by a dead 
walL The ground i£ used for drying pottery on ordinary days, bub 
when an en^^tion is to take plaoe, everything is ctear^ away. 
Soldiers are on guard, and crosace arc erected there. Hiree hundred 



FIRST IMPRESSIONS OF INDU AND THE EAST 131 



lo (tftMA bundrcd peoplo ore uuiuiU)/ executed ftt thu place, moetly by 
beheiAding, ftnd in ISdS no Iwe than fifty tboueniid p*x)pl« nr^ aoid 
to bave lo ^ufTer^d in ih« coiitBd oE the twelve monthl Up ag&inBt 
the wall vT^e A number of little JAZSt «ftcJi ctjntAiiiing Lho head oE & 
deai Chmam&n preaervBd in limfl. I had tlia curionity to examine 
th» interior of one of thfvn, but did not care to prolong my exploration." 

But 1>]ih the execution ground, the prisorii^ and the ev&minB- 
tion baJlshave be(^omi> too familiar to Engliab readers from the 
manj minute ftCGount^ of thnm given by authorities tn mftttera 
Chinese for Mr. Hogg's deecription to b" of any intereat- 

*' Tbet« nre af<veiit4fen ProtntAnt GhajwU and one Pa^iLHt ChuToh in 
Cantfsru CoDcemix]^ tbe Istter, rather a good ftory ia told in oon- 
nexioa ivith the Roman CathcJic doctrine of wonhipping eainte. The 
prieat, to mm the story, w«a oodeavouiing to perauade a newly- 
nude Chin»e convert to worahip at the ahrine of Peter, or Paul, Of 
■ome oth«C Qirifition worthy. ' Who ia Peter T ' uIlhI the Chineie 
coaviTt. 'A very holy man/ reeponded the prioat. ' Wbh he ft 
Chinaman T ' vraa the next quMtkrn. ' Mo : a Jew.' * Was Paol 
a Qunamon T ' ^ No ; be nwi e Jew too,' replied the priut. ' Well. 
aftfET nil/ rtnuarked the CSunamAo. ' onr refigioiu ere very much the 
same, ire both worship our arcMtors, and oi tbe two I mam to atick to 
my own ! ' The story wbb told rae aOTtxe yeon ago ae a true one by a 
E^uteatant nuaeionary* to vrhcm thie vonvtirt afl^rwarda went. B<« tliat 
aa it may , ho««var, the Roman Catholi^rs evident Jy found th^'mselvea in 
a great difficulty when croae-queAtionf^ by the shrewd Cliinamen aa 
to the Beeond conuaandment, and their habit of worshipping unagee. 
So impomihle havs they found it ta argue out the matter, ihet in 
ihb eopiee of the ten commandmcnte trhich they have tranalated 
for ibiD benefit of tJie Cliincoe. they have actually left out the second 
commandment altogeUier. and split the tenth commandment inlo 
two, eo oe to make up the right nuTOber* Truly, * in waya that are 
dark and triclu that are vain,' a prjeat can give tbe hnthea Chinee 
poinbB. and then clean him out. 

'* A Large portion of tbe population, I believe some BO^OOO in aU, 
live altogether on the fiver. They seem to H|>ond their whole time 
on Minjr boats, or BAmpans as they call them, men aa well aa women 
workiDg, iivingt ajid apparently dying on them." 



■ 



la conoloaion he quoted, ea on ezftmple of " pidf^ Engliah," 
a traadation of Longfellow^e ** Exeelsior," two vereoe of which 
nm — 

" Han man one girlee talkee be. 
What fei yoii topside look aea i 



And one teem mor* h» plenty elf. 
But alia beoiD WAlk plcmty high — - 

TcpeJde Oal&h> 
T&ke G&re t'hnt spilum Uiee young rrun. 
Toko oare t'hat ico inust go irien man » 
One noolia ctun-chiii he goudiughli 
He t&lkee my CAn go all light— 

Tqwide Qatah. 

A ahort rmi to Shanghai, where "rot the le&st noticeable 
thing is the uae made of wheel bat to we aa mewiBof iocomotiou"; 
than down the river en route for Japan, Eariy ux May they 
landed in NagAs^ki, near which Ucq tlie island Pappenbec^, 

*' faEDOUSi or rather infamous, for having been tlie maBeacro ground 
of many thoiiaihntid of ChtiHtiuiif^ 2S0yi;am agu, JuHt off the lawn of 
Nag&eakj. and almost farmif^g part of il, a the Utile island of Uecima, 
a email fan^apod place of groondt the only spot where Europoana 
wurei fallowed to land or trad« tor nearly three centuries. The Dutch 
alone consented to the restriutiona put upon them by the Japaneae 
OorenunBDt, and there with a patience characberktJD of their race> the 
worthy HolUndaTs itptuit year aft^r year looking anxiously far the 
arrival of the one ahip which th^y were allowed to reeeive during each 
twelve months. SomeUmca, owing to war or other caoBea, this tauch- 
Icnged-for vt^subl failed to put in ita Appearance, and then, deprived of 
their little amiual excitement, the po^ktioitof the Dutoh traders nkuat 
have been dull indeed. It waa not difHcult^ etooding on thf^ inland of 
Dei-ima, ta pit^ture the eiJed i.radiTra paoin^ up aud down tliHir little 
island prison, looking tongingly at the green hilla by which they irerg 
flurroundcd but on which they migJit never Eot foot, and then, after 
a pull from their long pipes, casting their eye« westward to the mouth 
of lh4f harbour, wondering when the neit veBsel from their far-off 
European homo would bring them tidings from their native laod," 

Their travelliiig wae dow done in " jinrlckaflhas " — sometEmefl 
covering twenty niileB in two and a h&lf hourn. It waa a mode of 
oonveyance Mr Hogg never could accuatom himaelf to, oa the 
thought of the strain on the men whu pulled them alwaya made 
him unhappy. 

They proceeded to Kobe, Oaakaand Kioto, the Mikado's oapital. 
Thie they considered a much overrated and very disappointing 
town. Wishing to see & little of the interior of the country, 
BCr. Hogg travelled to Yokohama hy land, the reet of the pftrty 



FIBSI IMPBESSJONS OF XNDU AND TU& EAST 13:1 



going by aoa. He coTt^rad seventy to eiglity miles a day by 
having rdajB of jinrickaohftfl waiting ahead. 

" In Jap&n,"herQmftrka, ^' there ii no ench thingas privacy, in fftct, 
a European f^ele inclined to Bay^ ae dwancy- The fronts of the siKipe 
an open, and the mhabitontfl perfona ibc whole of their d<Jine«tio 
operationa m piibliu. The jinr-ikHshii men &rs ccimpeUed by \aw to 
have a Cf^rtoin Ekmount of oLothing upon thom, but by choice tbcy run 
With thesmallei^Lof w&istbanda, utterly inBufficient for Western ideas 
of decency. A hghr cotton cloak t^ thrown over tlie Bba(lH> and ii 
ever tk policeman mokce buapp«B.i^nce,ora towniflapproachadtthe 
linrik&aha boy elipB on hiB coat and trica to look as though ho wootd 
be orcomfottable without it. 

"At one plaofl WB oame to rather a ateeppath leadingDVGr»rango 
of hills. Here jizirikafihaa could not be taken, so our iugti^sife h»d 
to be trannferred Ic the head« of some cooli™. ani we had oither 
to walk or to be conveyed in cangoes, a contrivance combining 
every element of diaconifort. No Europoan can posaibty attempt 
to lie down In it, as no one but the Japanese can double away tli»ir 
legB into nothing, as you must do if you wish to lie down in a cango. 
It conflifita of a thick bamboo polo from which is euapcndod a bfl^^kel- 
work snai, and Into thia you tnufit acrew yourself. You can't let 
your legs hang down or th^y would be in Ih^ way of th& Eooliee who 
carry you, dot oan you ait upright, otborwiBo you bang your hood 
AgainHt the bamboo pole, which anpporta your cradle. A Japper 
gets m and goes to steep with the ntmoet aue ; but sotnehow 1 
always went to deep the wrong end, for my feet and legs oscillated 
between atumber and pins and needles, while my liead waa moet 
uncomfortably wide awake, Thi?re are throo coolies to eoch canpo, 
Tdieving each othar every hundred yards or e& Each ooolie con-i^ 
a stAff in his hand on which be rc«ta the end of the bamboo wtien he 
witfiea to cliongfl ahouWerg, which he doea every thirty or forty 
yatdfl. Altogetlior 1 was not faecinated with my cango oxpericnoe, 
■nd waa not t-empted to introduce it at Holly HiU. 

"Out rood led us over many rivers and pnst thefootof Fujiama, 
the pride of Japan. It ia certainly a very beautiful mountain* stand- 
ing almoat alone with ita conical crater covered with enow, and rising 
from the sea shore to a height of nearly 12.000 feet, 

<* Leaving Fujiama we paaeod th&next hill by meana oFa tunnel, 
of which our guide wae not a little proudt and then came to the 
monntAin range of Hakooe. Here we took a very pleasant walk 
orrr the htUa to Myanoehita, and other neighbouring places, whore 
aoma celebrated sulphur baths were located, beti':Iicial for dideasca 
of the skin, etc. We atarted from Haknne early in the morning, 
a&d visited altogether three of these seto of batlia, Tbo water wq£ 
very hot and strongly imprcgncitcd with sulphur, and the batli^ 
conaiated of little squaiv tanks in th^ ground some tiva feet deep 



lU 



QUINTIN HOGO 



ftnd &igbl. ben, or Efte^n feet nqi^arE^ In thou bntha men, women. 
And fAmily circlefi, Qnd apparently picnic partJee. mix with t}ifi 
Qtmoet gravityr A moat enjoyable fifteen miSee' walk took tu bark 
to tho Tokaido route, and wo rapidly got over the thirty-tux milea 
that lay between u» and the Yokdhamo, We got into the latter city 
after a pl^aaant fivo days' journey, in whioh we had traversed 300 
miloA acroas t\ns iai&nd from the Inland Soa bo th« Paci£c, 

"At Tokio on eevCT»l evenings wb went to Be© repreBentations 
at tlie wioos Japanese theatres. A ounoufi feature in the Japanooo 
theatre is the aboence of all fomaLo octon^ I beliovs Kioto ia tho 
only plo<* whtire womtm a|]pear on the Stag?, in all olhnr theatrea 
all t^ie ch&TActers are repreficnt«d by mBi»' The piecee are put 
on the otago in a very poor way. and the dreeace eecmed inferior 
to those in China. Wo had our guide at the theatre with ua, and 
he aeted aa a kind of interpreter. 

"Aa in most Baatern countriee, t«nipJeeabound,pcrhapfi themoat 
numeroQA being those in honour of Hatctiiman, the .Tapancse Heroulee, 
whose shrine is to be found in nearly every village. The Shinto 
itttqiloa are generally diatinguiahed by etripe cf papeTi Buppos&d bo 
lb leavee of Itwg, hung up in their neighbourhood, and 
also by a mirror occupying the plaee where repreaentationfl of 
Buddha stand in the Buddhiet aanctuoriee. In front of both alike 
is a curioiia kind ol Atructure, looking sometliiog like a gallon^ w 
two croBflea Joined, called a Tom, and made eitlier of stone or vood. 
Thia originaliy waa intended as a roosting polo for the birds given 
to the temple, but even the vury tradition of ita aae neema to have 
died out among the people. All the popular temples are BurTounded 
with boothfli sweetmeat sltops, wax -work ahowa, three shies a penny, 
and euc-h like divtfrsions, whit^h we are aceustomtic] to connect more 
with a fair than with a place of worship. Sometimae pet animals 
are kept, which are fed at the expense of the worahippers ; and somo- 
Umea birds, beetles, etc., are eipooEid for sole, whicli tlie pious pur- 
chace and set free to prOpiTJate the animal -protecting Buddha. A 
bell is aiispended in front of every ehrini*. and an lmm(>u30 money- 
box for ufTorings occupJv«, T need hardly aay, aconepicuous place. 
The bell is rung to draw the god's attention, a few cash are pit4?hed 
into the money boxes, and then a formal prayer ia repeated several 
times over, being o nimple invocation to Buddha or eomoother god 
to hear him, Should wordB or time fail, a praying machine, conaiBting 
of a huge wheel, is often conveniently at hand, the turning of which 
la considered equivalent bo an act of worehip- It probably is at 
least as efticacioua and s good deal more wholesome (for the wheel 
ia heavy) than mumbEing in Latin words to quondam imai^fW of 
JufHler or Peter in Borne. The praj'er said or turned, the worhkipper 
patronivfl the aurroundinga of the temple, which are of the very 
lowest description, houaee for the \ileflt purposes existing under the 
Teiy shadow of the ■ani:tuary. and within tluB sacred enoloaurea. 



I 



FIBfiT IMPRESSIONS OF INDIA AND THE EAST 135 

In front of the tomplee are oft«n ffuspended oflerings from rich or 
poor — ■ometimce pictur««, ftometimcA a pairof half-won 8hoe»,aikd 
sometbries » top-knot which the grateful Japper haa ahaved off hia 
head in token of gratitude or of hia having made a vow. I «d- 
deavooFed to pnrohaae one of ttuae top-knota from the temple 
devoted to foxe6 near Tokio, and the good-natured old pne«t gftve 
it me for a mere aongi eaying that it woa no good to him and that 
he suj^Kieed that it waa bong hy aoma one who fancied he had got 
aomo good from the fozw^ temple,^^ 

As regards beauty, Mr. Hogg thought Japan " decidedly oror- 
rated." The people struck him as being 

" of a low caate, utterly lacking in the high moral qnaiitiea which 
oomtitnte a greet natiot>. They arc civil and obligingr ratho- lika 
third-rato Frenchmen, , , . It ie of courae flattering to find the 
Japanese adopting everything English, but tho queetion foroea 
itaelf on one — if they can give up th^ own customs so easily, wij] 
they not be likely to give up their new onea at the first provocation T ** 



VI 

THE POLYTECHNIC— ADOLESCENCE 

He lives moat 
Who thinka moat, feela the noblest, acte the bevt,' 
Life's but a maaiu unto an end — that end, 
p anning , meui Bud end to all thinpn — God. 

Pfilur JiMEB Bailw\. 





IT wftB during this trip th&t Mi. Ho^ firat suffered from the 
BCTere &nd Ir^uont attaoke of dyaontcry which proved 
bo b^ the begrnning of 4 long and painful illneas of twelve jears' 
duration. During all that pericHi he waa scajcelj ever abJe to 
eat meat of any kiod, and waa often reduced to a diet of milk. 
He loEered conaiderably phyaically, and even more from the 
depmrion of mind and apirits brought on by ansemiai weakncw, 
insomnia and suffering ; yet he never relaxed hie efforte to better 
the position of the Lftda oi London, never ceased to Uboux amooget 
them» and unlrsa compulsorily absent, never allowed bifi physical 
infirmities to interfere with his life work. 

Whitst the travellera were in Japan, bad news reached them 
aa to the condition of their second son. Ian, who was a very 
delicate child, subject to atithma : and not oaring in consequence 
lo remaiD away as long as they tiad intended^ they turned their 
steps homewards, arriving at HoUy Hill in August, laden with 
trophies and niemenLoea. Large packing G&aes full of curioaitieB 
and furniture continued to pour into Holly Hill during llie autumn, 
the majority of which were unlucl^ily destroyed in a fire tliat 
broke out during Christmas week and (^jnipletely gutted the 
bouse. Itfl owners^ who wrre on the point of starting for the 
West Indies, were delayed by thb diaaater ; airangementa had 
to he made respecting rebuilding, etc., and it was some wseka 
before they were able to atart, Quintin Hogg took the greatest 
interest in this new house, going rninutely into all the arohitecv 
tural plana, amingin^ every little detail, and pbuiuing freflh 
delights for his family and his hoyv. 



140 



QDINTIN HOGG 



Ho wft3 not fond of rural life, nor had country pureuite with th& 
eiception of shooting, of which he was very foTid, &ny attrootion 
for him. Horses ho regarded merely &a & ntUier aIow meanB of 
locotDotion to be urged oyti the ground as rapidly 06 poaaible, 
ftnd he W&3 ft moBt recklefls driver himself, though rather nervoufl 
ftboat othor people's equebtri&n feata! But in epite of the look 
of any natural tuclinationa towaxda a country life, this homo of 
hie, which had the reputation of being one of the prettieat pLacoa 
in the South of England, became very dear to him^andhe took 
the keenest interest in any iniprovemente or alterations. 

Whilst the house was in process of erection, ho would frequentlj 
go dowu and spend a nigbl or two in a smaU room over the 
atablea, wluoh had not been injured by the fire. On these 
oocaaions the luatitute mombera, quite a small colony of whom 
had settled in the neighbourhood, several of them being employed 
on the estate as gaoekeepers^ gardeners, etc., would collect to 
welcome him. " Tt was then." writes one of them, '* that we 
fellows A^ho were living on ihe estate learEjed to love him ao. 
When we heard tliat tlie governor was oomirg^ we were all over- 
joyed, and with a roaring lire we would crowd round Mr^ Hogg, 
and the plaee would ring with laughler as he told us many 
yarns as only he could tell them^ and suddenly looking at his 
watoh in amazement, he would aay, "Go to bed, bad boys." 
Sometimes we would turn out on a moonlight night after ten, 
and wander through the holly pl&utaticu'=, always bright and 
Ijappy, f'^'rgettin^ the dJfTerenceof our aocial poeitionsand joking 
and talking without the least resene, whioh was the very thing 
Mr. Hogg wanted us to do, and as midnight drew near^ we 
would break up, Mr. Hogg go to bis little room at the old 
stable, the fellows to diflerent parte of the estate. Many a time 
tvo or tliree would still eit up talking of his wonderful love 
for Ufl." 

He was never weary of clambering all over the gaunt scolfolding, 
examining the structure slowly growing amid the chooa, and 
making sure that no little plan on which he had sot his heart 
wsfl being forgotten or neglected, One day liis agent laughingly 



THE POLYTECHNTC— ADOLESCENCE 



1 41 



compl&ined that ho ought soon to be abb to climb cls welt as aoy 
monkey, " Why, " retorted Mr. Hogg in the sedately quLEzicdl 
toEies that always meant miaahief, *' why add where naturo hoa 
done 90 much ah^ady I " 

Odo wing of the Dew building woe get aaide for the Institute 
members, capable of acoommodatiag eeveoty at a time, Haoquot 
courts were added, the doer poite, woods and lakes were atockcd 
with curious birds and atiimals which wc^re an unfailing sourcje 
of delight to his children* whilst frequent trips to the Isle of 
Wight, eto.. ooold be cnade in a email yaoht called thGMai/flowfr. 
The captain of this yacht waa by no means a young man* and 
much preferrod spending his night-a in port to walking through 
them on the bridge^ Once Mr. Hogg wanted to travel quickly 
from Penzance to Cowefi. which of eourao meant steaming up 
the Channel all ni^ht ; the captain was not at all pleased and 
attempted to fnjatmto the idea by saying that it waa abscliilcly 
ueooBBory for the boat to water at Falmouth, asserting that 
there was not even eriough of that invaluable commodity on 
board for woahing purpoaea^ "Never mind/* was the only 
reply he could obtain from hia employer, "you push right on, 
and I will give orders for the ateiward to put eix bottleo of soda 
water in your cabin for you to waah in/^ The yacht was plenti- 
fully supplied with aerated waters, and the captain found the 
promised supply in hia cabin ! Whether he applied it externally 
or duly tempered it and consumed it internally remained a 
roattrr of conjecture \ 

Thenext few years area record of conalant illness and pain on 
Mrt Hogg^Bpait, of endless optimistic tri^sof different treatmenta 
and of as frequent disappointmente. Richmond Terrace woa 
sold and a bouse bought at Mortlake with sufficient land to 
provide recreatKn grounds tor the Institute members. When 
this was given up, twenty-seven acres were bought at Merton» 
'here their cricket, football, and voriow} athletic corttests took 
place until two years ago, when the property was sold for building 
purposes, although the Polytechnic did not have to evacuato it 
u&tU thu year. An appeal was recently made to the publio 



14S 



qUINTIN HOGG 



for funds to provide a fresh ground, and the result has be^ moat 
satkf&ctory, euffioient money having heen raised in u. very ohort 
time. 

The membership of the Inatitute waa at this time limited to 
youtha between the tkgt& of 16 aJid 22 ; the entrance fee being 
a Hhiliing. and the weekly eubacription 3d,, a redaotioQ of 4s, 
per ummn being mad© for tliose who availed tbemselvea of Iho 
educational claases, provided at least twenty-five attendaneea 
wore made at the selected cUaa^ If a member failed to pay hia 
feea for three weeks, hia Dame was exhibited in the rooma, and 
After ail wooka it waa etruck off the rclla. Members out of work 
were not required to pay a weekly fee until they found employ- 
meat. 

Annual exhibitiona were held* specimena of members' work 
only being aocepted ; thei»e, however, ranged from a working 
model of a ateam engine whooe fimnel poked ite way through the 
skylight of the Qyninasiiim, to gaitera and ornamental braeee! 
Uedala and prizes were given, and at tlie close of the exhibition 
an entertaincLent of some kind woa uausJiy provided. 

A committee of not more th&n 6fteea or less tlmn eight waa 
mponaihle for the management of the Inatitute, the whole 
ooDiintttee retiring annually, but being eligible for re-elecLion. 
Too much atreaa (cannot be laid on this fact — that the manage' 
ment of the Polytechnic, as regards ita cluba and societies, the 
maintenance of order within ita precinctH, is, and always has been, 
entnjste<l to the members. The PoJytecluiie is, practically 
ipeaking, a olub for tbe wage-earning claaH, and ita founder 
always insisted tliat to make it useful, homelike, and acceptable 
to those for whom it is intended, you must not only provide 
what you as president, governing body, or secretary, think 
good For them, but, so f ar aa ia poasible, what they themaelvea 
I wiflh for. All decisitina concerning the aociol life of the Institute 
J are, whenever possible, left to the merabera ; their opinion and 
oo-operation are always sought for and reepected, and knowing 
how largely they are responsible for the inner life nf the plaea, 
the membe:? have bliown themseJvea wortby of the conhdenoa 



THE POLYTECHNIC-ADOLESCENCE 



U3 



pliired in them and hara proved oapable of gu&rding ita triieiet 
interests and of msimttiiniiig ita reputation for a higb standard 
of purity and morality. 

This BTstem alao tendfl to foster a feeling of pride in and affeo- 
tion for Uie Institute wliicli ia an invaluable factor in promoting 
that spirit of onity and good fellowship its founder was ao 
anxioua to see reigning ; it helps to engender a strong t^pHt de 
f/yrpa such ad exUte in our great public tK^hook, or amongat the 
men " in the same regiment/' and which eiertd a very whole- 
aome influence in any body, each unit feeling an individual reapon- 
ttibility for the honour and good reputation of the whole. After 
an Institute hadge had been etntck, a member who waa wearing 
it thought he noticed " Q.H/s '* eye resting on it, and said, " It's 
a tiling to be proud of, isn't it, nz f " a little tribute to the place 
that was, I Uiink. very encouraging to its founder^ aa such 
Hponlanecua testimonials can scarcely fail to be. At the time 
that N&naen was pursuing his joLitney into the unknown, dreary 
regions of the far north, this conversation was overheard between 
two Polytechnic membera — 

'* Tbey say Nanseu lias found the North Pole, I hear," 

" YeSj I expect we'll have it stuck up in our entrajice hall 
before very long 1 " 

A Savings Bank was also inaugurated at Long Acre, Quintia 
Hogg making hiniself solely responsible for the money and 
allowing five per cent interest per annum, in order to encourage 
the boya to save their money and not to squander it away. The 
deposits doubled themselves almost yearly, and it eveotuaUy 
became necessary to lower the intereat to four per cent, on the 
first £100 and three per oent. on every subsequent £100. 

With the Institute increasing so rapidly and crying out so 
audibly for further development, it was certain that its originator 
would not long remain deaf to its appeals. Long Acre, which 
in 1878 had seemed so spaciouB and admirable, by 1880 appeared 
cramped and inadequate, and Quintin Hogg proceeded to look 
about for larger premutes. A suitable site was obtained in St, 
Martin's Lane, but before building operations had been atarted. 



QUTNTTN HOOO 



the Polytechnic m Regent Street cam? to gripf, It n'oe^ Eia I 
3iip[>oae moat p&apl^ bnow^ a baQding devoted to a judioious, 
hut iinfortunat^Jy for the proprietors, unlucrative mixture of 
matruotion and amusement for the youi^. When at the end 
of 1881 it came into the market, name, position, association' 
and capacity all appeared so deairahle that Mr. Hogg dec^ided 
to eel] the ground in St, Martin's Lane If he could obtain the 
Polytechnic. The l^aae was purchased for £16,000, but by the 
time the necessary alterations and improvements had been 
effected, many times that sum had been spenL An auction of 
the strange ard dlvors " propertiea " of the old Polytechnio yeas 
beld, the diving-boU fetching; £G0, the mechanical BJundin, who 
used to trundle a wheelbarrow acro^ a rope over what ie now 
the gymnasium, selling for £34 ; the lantern ehdee proving the 
beet bargains — for Uie filers 1 — fetching about £90i>. 

In September 18S2, the premises at Long Acre vere closed. 
Protipectuaes and advertisements had b»u widely dliitnbuted, 
with the reeiilt that even before the new building was entered, 
the namber of new mombera b^ji^an to atribe dismay into the 
hearts of the promoters. Tlie President assured them indeed, 
that the new premises *' were bo cxtenaive ae to afford scope for 
almost any posaible development in the future/' Ho proved 
a false prophet, for in twt^lvo months it wne the old cry of not 
enough room, and the oapaeious maw of the Polvt^chnia haa 
Binoe absorbed two new storeys built over the gymnasium 
contG,ining thirty rooms, a aeriea of workshops excavated in tlie 
baaement, the adjoining housa in Regent Street, the Mai'iborough 
Rooms, 14 I^mgham Street^ All Souls' Schoola in Langham 
Place* a house in Cavendish Place, on annexe in Balderton 
Street^ to aay nothing of various classes arrauitred for outside 
ita own buildings, and still the monster ia not satiafied, but cries 
cut for more 1 

It was announced that the ne^- premises woidd be opened on 
Sunday afternoon, September 25th ; that tho first " function " 

1 Tt wH orLgiimll^ opened in ISBSi " for the odv&jicoQioat of praotjoal 
HciBDoe in connQiion with agriDultiim, art and trad«." 



TKE POLYTECHNIC— ADOLESCENCE 



1 45 



I 
I 



to be held ia it should be a 6ibl« C^ftsa waa by no moAns a matter 
of Eiiero conTCJiience^ but nymbolic oE oil Quintjn ITogg^s workn 
ev&Tj detail of which waa Actuated by the commoud, '' Whatsoever 
thou doest, do all to the glory of God," On Saturday night. 
hower^, the visaacrea Bhook their lieada and began to consider 
how thoy could provide ttome room where the claaa might be 
held. Not so Mr. Hogg ai^d Mr. MiU^hell- They had arranged 
to have that class In the hall, and in the hall they intended to 
have it, Od the Saturday uflemoou the prospect wau certainly 
not enoouragiug — 

"The p*inte» had lelt thoir HcnBoldingB, the hell wbh a moea of 
timbers aod planka ; painters' pota wcro all aroimd the acEiffokUng, 
and laddfvre and dost w^re everyvhert;. I warrant you these 
roeo thought tliat tliey had a good fortnight's work in front of 
thoiQ, and that they were not going to hurry in takiTig down their 
BnaiftDldinH. Hut ao awjuoc wer? we clear of them than our Poly, 
boys came to ep^ab their word In Uie matter. There were fellows 
in the building traJe among tlicm, as woU as in the conbracbor'a 
aliofis, and to bob how they raltled tlxo ^jaintera' pola awg^y. got 
down the «oaffolding, &nd ahot the poles out into Refront Street 
vnu a jftight for aore eyeo. New mombers turnHl up with t^io old 
onu in hucJi numbom that we were at last obli|{wl to deuliixe furthar 
aid, all the broonoB, washing flannels, eto., in th? plaoe being hard 
at work and tho ^ngwuys fuU of volunteers. They divided them- 
aelvce into gangH, worknig till every square iooh of tlie Inatitote 
from top to bottom had bf«n ncruhbBd by volunteer lahnor, and 
DmaU p^TamiclB of dirt and brickduat ^hot outside^ Ail S£.turday 
[ii^t our boys worked, and it woa ntrt till 2 a.m. that the SDishing 
touch was put to tli& building, and Bob MitcheU was able tct put the 
key in hie |K>ckot and go to bed with a quiet mind' 1 aliall not 
readily forget the ofitoiii^hineiit of ofie uf the puiiitetS) who^ 1 lliiiik, 
iniHt have aome to wilnetia our nonfii^iion, but who halted tlinnder- 
abmok at the door of the hall ho had left but a few lioure proviously 
in such a very diHerenb oondition- Peering in, he aaw it carpeted, 
fnmiahed, and ocoupied by 1,300 young fellowsi looking as if the 
hall had belonged to them for all their ijvee. ' Wliy*' ho ex- 
claimed. ^ it^a a iniracle/ And so it waa^^-a miracle wrought by 
willing hands and loving heana. 

*' The first night we began to take in new niembetH over l.CKX) 
new fellowB booked^in those daya I uaed peraonally to see ovcty 
member who jcinHl — and on the nl^-lit in quealiim I booktd our 
first new Polytechnic member at 5.15 in the cvanmg, and worked 
steadily on till Llfi a.fD-> whon the laat fellow loft the building. 1 



1 



146 



QtflNTIN HOGG 



bnd dmkgnm the place ior 2.000 luemben, but during our Gnt 
wint«T the Qiunber toached 6,800.'* 

Ai the present time there &re ovor 18,000 members and 
etudentt. 

Once settled into iLe Polytechnio* the great vm of ita 
founder waa to make it worthj- of its name, A schcmo of 
technical educational claeaes was draftod b? Mr- Mitcheli, and 
^advially adapted to thene^da of the c1a.3s from which the majotitjr 
of the members waa recruited. There were, aa 1 h*vo stated, 
in all thifi great city practicallj no facilities for mochanic3 and 
artitane who wished to improve either their knowledge of their 
trade or their general education. When one roviewa the instant 
Guccew of the venture* one only marvels why ao obvious a want 
had been left ao long unfilled. 

The feea for the practieal trade cla^eee varied front 2a. 6c2. to 4a. 
for aeven montha* instruction^ non-members beirit; charged about 
double/ the technical and otlier eluf^r^^ being oveo cheaper. 
Within twelve mouths nearly a hundred clauses, attended by 
5.000 sbudfnta were in full swings and additional Beccmmndaticm 
had been arranged for. The London Trader Council had unani- 
mously expriKsf^j their approval of the piut^tii^ workdiop 
instruelionH whilst the niiTitber of ntiidentfi who paj^wed the ex- 
aroinfttiouB of the City and Guilda TnatiUitf was largely in eiceafl 
of bhoHB roming from any other inalituUon or beeliDJcal college 
m the kingdom. Eleven prize medalp, £33 in special priBea, 
33 flrflt-elaaa, and 40 aHCond-elass certilicateB had been aeeured 
by Polytechnic atudenUi and 86 per cent, of fhoBc who tried 
for tfio Govemmenl Sclenoe ejumination pasBed, being 60 per 
cent, above Lhe general average 1 

The following year (18ft4), for the first time IJip annual priie- 
giving instead of being a quiet, homely affair blossomed out into 
quite a function, the Lord Chaucellor (Lord SeJbome) presenting 
the students with their prizes, a graceful little duty that 
oocupied over an hour 1 



1 N,tw mBitiban «w oUowed iv«iity-Sv» per cerit. disoount 
ordluary fen. 



oQ tha 



^ THE POLYTECHNIC— ADOLESCENCE 147 

Aincngst Uiuhb who kindly con^wrtted to prcHule Aver this 

hmclLOn at difTerent timm were Lord HarUngton (now the Dulte 
of Dovonahire). Mr. Mundella., Lord Aberdeen, tkie Lord M&yor, 
etc. Od one occasion 8ir Lyon Flayfair, whose wntings had 
done much to a^vaken popular interest in national educatitKi. 
ocoupisd the chair, and made & very intereHting and rather 
humorous speech. Li it tier referred to a Baling of Epictetus 
which, he remarked, lie hod always regarded aa very pertinent 
to education. " My friends," Fiaid this SAge, " obberve that 
when a sheep eaU, it \a not gr^aa but wooT that growe on its 
back 1 '* and aleo recounted a story of Faraday, who went round 
Belling newspapers in his boyhood. One day having rung a bail, 
and p[it his head through the area railings to see if the servant 
was coming, he began to FippciiJate whethfir his head belonged 
to tiim beTAUse it was on the other side of the railingB. Whilst 
so occupied thn servanf' suddenly puMed open the gate and 
Faraday's head was nearly wrenched from bis body ; after 
which he never forgot that he had a bead aa well aa hands and 
that it was hia duty to use it ! 

By Ift94 the succesaful Htudents hod become eo numerous that 
the Great Hall was unable to accommodate them and their 
friends, bo that it became imperative to arrange For the prisea 
to be dj£tribu1ed to the various Hectioni? on ditTervnt eveoinga, 
which though a very necesBary and possibly leas tedious arrange- 
mont, prevented the prizo-giving being treated oe a great function 
any longer. 

The number of studentu attending the Polytechnic dames 
alone in 1834 exceeded the total o£ evening students in all London 
twelve years previously/ and by then over 500 evening dasEca 
were held every week. The growth of the educational work 
liofl inds&d ever ^ince ite inception been phenomenal. The 
statement that last year {190'S) the eum of £14,417 was received 
in Btudente^ feeB alone serves to give an idea of the magnitude 
of itfi present dimensions, when one remembers how very small 
those feeA are individually. 




UB 



QUINTIN HOGG 



AnotJi«T experiment made in the new building woa the form^- 
Lion of A mork Pariiament : tbe RUgge«tioti emanated from a mem- 
ber. And met with such ertdnifllEutic stipport tbat it was very rapidly 
organised- It was obviously important that a " Speaker*' 
should be found of eiiAicient ftuthority and ability to prevent 
th9 meeting degenerating into humbug Mr, J, F, P, Rawlinaon 
[now K,C,) undertook that arduous Cask, and fulfilled it admirably 
for many years, A '^Liberal Government" came into office in 
April, 1883, and died a violent death in July, but revenged itself 
by annih il&ting the Conservative Cabinet by two votes in October. 
There was no lack of inoident in the Polytechnic Parliament, 
despite the absence of '' Irish members " I 

Meanwhile the ether "Uvea" of the Polyteohnio had been 
flouriahing exceedingly. When the new premiBcs were opened 
a prominent member of the Trader Union atrongly advised the 
omiseion of the adjective *' Christian " from its title, advioe 
which it is almost neodloss to state was not oven granted the 
bonoar of conside ration by the founder. No religious test of 
any kind was ever imposed on oandidates ; the rankest infidel 
or most bigoted atheist was made as welcome as the truest 
Christian to avail himself of the social or educational advantages, 
but — he enrolled himself a membcT of an avowedly Christian 
Institution, and Uie " retigioua '* life waa oa virile and prominent 
as the social, athletic or educational The average attendance 
at the Sunday afternoon olaas wa3 ■'^SO, and more eigniHoant 
than any amoimt of classee was the Christian Workers' Union, 
composed oE about 250 mombers, who voluntarily gave their 
time in forwarding good works both amongst their fellow mem- 
bers and amongst the surrounding poor. It was naturally the 
oepect of the work that lay nearest the President's heart ; 
though he threw himself heart and soul into all his "boys'" 
puTBuibs and aims, it waa over with the hope that the football 
field, the classes, the parliament might prove training fields to 
develop aU the talents Cod has bestowed on man, and to make 
ft Christian who ohould bring credit and not lidicule, leapoct 
and nob contempt, oa the oamo. 



I 



THE POLYTECHNIC-ADOLESCENCE 



149 



W 



¥ 

^ 
N 



The athletic club, whose title of the *' HanoTer Atkletio Gub " 
waa a relic of Banover Street, Long Acre. days, waa aLmoat 
rivalling the educaliond proceedii^a in ita growth- Besides 
the gyninafiium, football and cricket, there were bicycling, 
swimming, teimis, harrifri and skating sections - a epecia] com' 
p&ny comprised of Polytechnic membera had bi.'«D attached to 
the 4th Middlc^ten Vahintef^r Corps, after pmlozkged and canust 
deliberatioTifl aa to tlic reapective merita of red, grey and dark 
green uniforma, and an amhulance corps (which must HUrely 
have beeLD mooted hy one of the non-l>elievera in muHCular 
Clin^tianity) had al^i been formed. 

In 1884 the demand for the eduoational classee was so great, 
tliat not; content with 100 claHses every evening, Mr. Mitchell 
arranged f<tr elementary inBtruction to he given in certain Hub- 
jeotB from 7 to Sa.m. daily, ttie charge being Id. amoniiTig, break- 
faat being provided at the close of the !e«sona in the bnilding- 
Four hundred students availed thettiAelvea of this innovation. 
And the classes only ceased in 1S86. when the com men cement of 
the day Achool made it impossible to continue them, 

Mearwfiile th& Hoggs had left Mortlnke and were living in 
Cltaitdoa House untLI 6 Cavendish Square, the leaae of which 
had been included in the purchase of the Polytechnic, was ready 
For their occupancy. At Chandoa Uooae their youngest child, 
called Malcolm Nicholson in memory of the couain whom 
hi8 father had ao loved and admired, waa bom in 1SH3, 

In 1884 Mr, Moody again visited tide eoiintiy, and again Mr. 
Hogg undertook the organization of Ids evangelical campaign. 
Tlie evangelist lived with hia friends at Chandos House, having 
bis own brougham and rooms, whilst Mre, Hogg and a staB of 
ladies acted aa secretaries. He held a aeries of meetings at the 
Folyteclmic which were of a most imprcesive nature. 

In 1885 Mrs- Hogg lost her Fatiier after a long and painful 
iUneaa, hia death being almost as great a grief to her husband « 
it was to her. Healwaysspoko with the deepest love and venera- 
tion of Mr, GnUiam, whotic influence on him had been great, and 
of a wise and useful oature. "A more lovmg, oaintly spirit I 




QUINTIN HOGG 



have never known, and the gap his departure wiD make in hiB 
home oiicle ie greatci tlian I dure think of. For himself^ Done 
need mourn/" 

It was about this time that Quintin Hogg uas ofikcd to stand 
Cot Parliam&at in tho Liberal Lntvrc6t» and cooaented aomewhat 
reluctantly, knowing bow fuUy his time was occupied with 
existing duties in the Oitj and the Pclytecbnic. The Rediatrihu- 
tion Bill (188G) gave him an opportunifcy of withdrawing hia 
cBJididature of which he took advantage, hia oontinued bad 
health moki;^ it impossible for him to perform his duties if 
elected : " for,** he aaid. *^ of course it ie out of the queetiou for 
me to diminish the demands on mj time and strength in oon- 
nection with the Polytechnic," Thb wa* the only time he ever 
entertained the idea of entering public life, for the Polytechnic 
absorbed more and more of bis attention, and he felt he could 
do gre&ter good by dev^iting hiinself to tbat, tlian by tiyuig to 
serve two msfitera luid finding it inipii^aible to satiafy either. 
Tliat autumn tho fftinily moved into 5 Cavendiali Sfii:are. which 
adjoined the Polyteclinle at tbe back. A covered patMage led 
from Mr. Kogg*s atudy to the gymnaaiutn, and eventually a 
room woa built to tbe right of this posnage, in wbieh be mainly 
lived during tJie lost four or five years of his life. 

In IA86 the Polytechnic gainfH} a very valuable recruit in the 
person of Mr. J. E. K, Studd, one of the six brothers who bave 
made the name famous in the annala of cricketing. He firat 
made Mr. Hogg's acquaintAnce during Mr. Moody's mission, 
in which he was also an active worker, and after the close of 
which he began to interest himself in the Polytechnic. Like 
its chief, be soon foimd that the demands it made upon those 
who laboured for it were insatiable, and ev^r since he hftsi'olun- 
tarily given his entire life to the furtherance of its activity m 

■ ASttfr iSr. Qrahun'a death, hin woaderful wLle«tioD of pictares van 
■old by Auction, muiy of them fntohing whptt wan then coiuidered extrjL' 
ordinfiry prifee. His R'issf>tti, ' Ecc« Ani^UIn Dommi/' mwi NJiiglit far 
the NatiOHAl OallgJ7 fur oight hundmi yuiiieas. thr " Cliuiit d'Arcjour"' 
for ajiTO puineiifl, by Mr. Skii**w; Lhirtytliiwp Buni'-Jafiw and lliiity 
Hud^'tli iricturm vtvtv hii-]\i'.\i.\\ In Die aalo ; ibe OUl yi&atora fHtfhin^ 
C23,40ft, the whole coLlectjoo £69,1^9, 



THE POLYTECHNIC-.ADOLESCENCE 



J51 



^ 



oM directionB. Being & idail of indepeadent means, he has been 
able to devote the d&ytime to the diraotion of the officB work 
involved, an inestimable advantage very few men are in a 
pooitioi) to bestow on any voluntary work, whilst his keen sym- 
pathy with the relJgioD» motives thai ioi^pired Qumtin Hogg 
and hit] promment position in the athletic world, enabled him to 
associate hiTn^lf wjtb all aspects of the institution. On the 
death of Mr. Hogg, with whom he had been for eighteen years on 
terms of th& elosest friend.'thip. cemented by t}ie bonds of fellow- 
ship in their work, Mr. Studd became President of tl)e Poly- 
teclmic, which must oonnt iuelf fortunate in poesefising the 
service of so able and gpnerotis a friend. 

In lStI(t the experimental founding of a Day School was 
announced. 

"N«tare abhora avacuuni'* {vriioa ■' Q.H." in ihi^ Polyiechmt 
MagaHnt}^ "and I confi^^ to leaving a strong dislikfi Lo seeing 
eo many rooms at thfi Polyiechmo lying empty dunng the 
day time, when ther« are so many useful purpoaee to 
vtiioh Lhpy may be put. I h&v& determined* tJit^refore, tiotL 
with the view at promoting artizan oducaiioo and for other 
roaaonOt to aUkrt a day sch<x)l on tho lot of January 1893. 
Tho schiMjl will have thnw seutkitis— { I ) Profntaiona]. (2) 
Commercial (3) Indualrial. Ut vision I. will afford preparatior 
for profesaionol \iic-, and will prepare boys for EDalnciiFaliOEi, pr^j- 
limiuary mt?dioaJ. legal. Ckmbridge IljcbI, and similar «xaifJnntioufl. 
The ae«end will prepare boyi for the Civil S«irvice exerninations 
and othor general ofllce and mercaritilo nMjuircmentd. Tlie mdus- 
trial diviaioD will be (or the gentral beui^Eit of thoae wlio de^ira to 
have thi» option, at any rate, of ptirsmng aoint* handioraft- Iri 
oddiUon to a thoroughly good Engliah edu<:atioti, including 
cbemiBtiy, experimental physice, goometryi mechaaicel drawing, 
and applied art, we ntial] makB uoe of the workHhop« for the purpo«e 
of teaching tha boya carpentry, rnetal taming^ and other tradait 
out wifib being to (uru out buye qualiiled oithc-t to bake a place bm 
impro v OT in a worloiihop or u a rlf^rk in an ofhr^. Wo ahalJ take 
boys between the agee of eight and sevontet^nt the fe^ being 
£t !!*• Gd. ppT tf^mi for those under ten, £2 2s. for thoee under 
thirteen, and £2 1^3. 6d. for fhoaa ever that agp. The pncee include 
the nee of Blat^e, copybooks, chcmieal apparatus, tools, ete., alpo 
iostTitftion in fiViTmaAlke end BAifnming. I abould like to lake 
thiH oppoT-tunity of eipUining to our member* fieme of tlie objeete 
I have in view in connexion with thia ecbool- Tn the first place, 



QUINTIN HOGG 



m pOMOM « Duilding Altogether iinrivaUed in ite Vipplianca and 
poeition for such ■ [lurpoue, and it Heema a pity not TpO uso it. 
Secondly, I think the time hoA come for overy luan to do ivhatevor 
liea in him bo abolish Uip absurd dbtim-'tion drawn in thia country 
bvtwefln thuHH who WCTk at a trade iLnd tliouc who ^rtj employed 
aa cl«rka, aalesmen, or Bimilar ocKnipations. in the Colonies and 
Unil'Cd StAbcB acarooly any Buoh diatincLion ia recogruxcd- In old 
Jeviflh day? wb knov that evan univnraity students were taught 
tradni, so ofl to fit t^ieni for any calling, and a parent not givizkg Jus 
child tliia advantage was looked upon m gravely failing in hia dnty> 
T am now oooALantly coming aoroas parenta whosa boyn ora fairly 
weU educBlod, bnt who cannot find good openings (or them as 
clorlca and whu arc bitterly ri'^ctting thf^ir inability to fltort them 
BR artizana- On thy otlH>r liund. many parEsnlA nhrink from alto- 
gether withdrawing thpir oluldren from Bohool ao aa to bind them 
to workshop life. Why ahould not education combine botli and 
fit a boy for uither career T It ia well known tliat a cluld cannot 
profitably Htiidy the eatoe Hobject for any prolonged continuouA 
period, while change oS occupation ia in ite^lf aomo kind of rei^iKb- 
tion. I do not believe a boy need npeoasorily BufTEv in hia general 
education by devoting a Hmall portion of pooh day to proi^tical 
workshop inatniction. Of coutm*, everybody will not agrco with 
ma in thia, but T think a great aumber of our membera will. . • . 
K^ligtouB instruction will be entirely unBeotorion, and any parent 
can withdraw hie child from it by givinR written notice that ho 
deeiree to do eo. 60 far aa my ability goes, however, I shall en- 
deavour to make an intolligpnt appreciation of one's duty to God 
and man aa diatiTii^tivc a fi^aturo of the school as it ia of our own 
FnHLitute. > . . Wli don't want tii atart a thing and have it fail, no 
don't forget to lend a liand i-o thia new departure, and if the aohoot 
Bucoooda^ ita inconiinga will help us in some raeaaure to reduce the 
deficit, which liaa not unreoAonably been frightening aome of you 
lately.'- 

One hundred was the grand total oF scholara hoped for. 
but IfiO had booked within the first fortrl^hl, in eighteen 
monthp tliera were 430 boys attending, and at tlie present time 
there are 1,169, From the very first Mr. Hogg took a keen 
interest in the achoolt holding a cI&bb on Thursday aifemoona, 
and frequently taking morning prayera before work commenced, 
whilst later on a club wpa formed under the name of " Old 
Quintitiians " with the object of keeping the day-school boys 
in touch with the Polytechnic after they had left the school, 
for Mr. Hogg was very aniioos that whenever possible the old 



THE POLYTEOT^nC-ADOLESCENCE 



163 



boyt of the dfty school ahoold become Uie present boys ol thr 
Polytcckaic, and & aupplement v&& added onct & niontJi to the 
mAgOEine for tlieir benefit- Hie achool quickiy wormed itoelf 
into the elastic affections of the Polyt©chiiic*a founder, the 
jroung life attracted him very stronifly, and aa he had bef^n 
luB work among boys (in the recognised eerjirie of the word, not 
in the elastic sense he ufic<l it, making it applicable to any one 
in retcotron of his faculties who had not outUved hie allotted 
three score years and ten '.] 80 gniduaUy he returned to bia firat 
love, and the la»t ten ye^rs or so of bis life the Day School aad 
" 0. Q,'e " monopolized a kirge share of hi? time and attention. 

Mean while the expenses naturally auprneTited with the 
abnonnal growth of the Tcoture, and tlie deficit which wm 
owned to be *' not imreasonably '* worrying the executive com- 
mittee, ^fradually osaumed propoitiooa that rather diHTnaycd 
even Quintin Hogg. Id 1879 the deGcit had only amounted to 
£30 lOa. &i. ; in 1881 it was £116; whilst by IftSrMt had increased 
to £7,000, and the following year was nearly £9,000. partly owing 
to capital expenditure on the new premises in Regent Street. 
hut ever] after deducting \hU, the deficit on tite Institute proper 
and rh^ educational section amounted to more than £fi,OCN) 
annually, all of which was home by the President. 

As the evialmg state of affairs was causing all who had the 
welfare of ihe Institute at heart considerable anxiety, and oa 
the opinion that it would be possible to reduce tho expenditure 
by the tntroduotJon of certain reforms m the management and 
organisation of the ptare was being somewhat generally expressed, 
in 1S86 a committee of six was appointed to mqnire into tha 
financial afTaii^ of the Tnatitnle, ttit)i a view to promoting stricter 
economy, the principal reealt of which was a complete change 
of constitution. The existing committee of members waa 
abolished, and a fre^h one, consisting of the Imfltees and a few 
other gentlemen, was formed; this committee of outsiders 
appointed a council of membera, as representative as possible, 
whose advieo and assistance in carrying on the place were ashed, 
ao that their actual functions were rather conaultativo than 



iu 



QITIKTIN HOGG 



fiiecutiTQ.' Tlis aew arr^ngeoient worked well, but the anuaal 
deficit continuHJ to average £7,000 to £8,000, and the thought 
of what would happen to the place were he to be removed, 
caused Mr. Hogg unceaaing mental distress aod worry. His 
ill-health rendered GonHtaDt absencea ne<¥SHary. arid in Id86, 
sorely againat his will, he had to give way aiid take a prolonged 
holiday^ His eoudition waa then caasing veiy grave anxiety, 
and on the Sunday before he lelt Englaod the Great Hall waa 
paclced from floor to roof with nearly 1,600 membera, hundroda 
more being unable to gain entrance. Uis addieflta waa entitled, 
" It la the laet time," and ended ^rtth an impaifsioned appeal to 
bia boys. 

" 1 wiint you bo beiu me witijoaa this afternoon that I havo ever 
■onght not. youni, but you. 1 want your heart, your lifp. yoiiraf4f, 
for God. I wmnt you to ootdb with ell that yon a», and all that 
yon liav«, and devote your»«lf aa a living ,^fa<Ti1ice to that Father 
who loved you and gave Hiinf^^lf for you. 1 waiiL your serviis not 
to be ropri«flnt©d by giving a few slullinga of your moiK^y. but by 
giving all you are, and aU that you have, so that my ab^^^u'^e may 
be scarcely felt nmon^t yon thk rorning twelve montlia, bMuu^e 
the place of ooo ^afeeblod worker who is leaving yo\j tor a &i>a«iio 
thi» afternoon will haye been filled by a huddred tru^he&rtT'd 
recruiw, bearing in fheir ntraug anna giflP of love» of Hyrnpalliy, 
and of willing eervioe, which ehall bear fruit, some thirty, Bocoa 
fifty, and some a hundredfold. If thia be so. tliere can h^ no loeb 
time of meeting for ua. We may indeed while I am speaking t» 
looking into «aoh other's faoee for thv last tatie on Forth, but ve 
riioll mwt again !n that land whence we ahail go out no more. 
Once more, dear fellows, 'good-bye,' I i^ank God that He evf« 
brought our iivee tog^^ther, 1 bleea Him for tl>o Beeuronce that Ha 
loves each of us for, for more dearly than we any of aa con core For 
eiBcb other. May He cast round ynu the Evirlastinp Afms, iind 



> SiQ« then variaua orciuTenKC, nuo}i for inAtonce. aa tbs psoaaiory 
grants made by the Chcuity CommErMJonnn, etc havo iiiKHMiilaliil iS^t 
Ahanettt ia the cooHlitutinn of the Fulytcclinic, For maoj yvaia now 
the Oovemin^ Dcntj hoa cunnated of 19 mivibvn, of Hhom 3 ue 
appointed by iho City PihrocliJal Poijndatioa, 4 by tho Technical £daca- 
lum Board of the London CouDLy Council, bcaid« one cuiuuItatiTo 
mombcr appaictfld \ty Uia same tfxly. I by th^ ScbooJ JJoard, th« 
rvnavning 7 btting i^o-optative mF^mliera. From tLia body 9 membeia am 
eliwtAl to lerve aa the Finance ami Gnnprnl Purpusia Coininittn. The 
Cuuui'il of fiketubera a cmnposod prinf:i[KLt^y of the H^rptatieBiir ptifmineat 
offlciali of the variuku ciubv nod aoctiuoBp ijfcteil by Ibe mouibcca. 



THE POLYTECHNIC— ADOLESCENCE 



155 



bfeaa you more than I can oaIe or Ihink* t<x Hn Hwne'e sake. May 
the r^rd natch between ma and tbee nhile we are ttlwent from aaa 
Another." 

The knowledge of aU present that he wag aeriously ill lent 
additional eignificanc^ to hia wordOf and Done who wero preBent 
at Uut acTTLCO ever forgot the pathos and solemnity that per- 
meated it. 

In the MngaziTif he wrote-— 

" I wiah I cooH give utterance* citKor with voice or pen, to all that 
I wDuld like lo say in bidding EareireU to eo inany whtim I love aa 
daarly, but I can get nc farther than * Thiwk you i God bl»» yoo>' 
and perhaps the bearta ol Bame of our boys will be able to tmdentaad 
what I mean without any ioterpr^t^r. . , . Many were unable to 
obtam entrance into the Great H&U on Suiiday. 1 waa voy >ora 
about th'jM' last, for I hato to thiak that any ehould have come to 
^r gDOd'byo, and not have gut within apeoklng diatAoce." 

AtKHit two hundred of the members went to we the travellen 
off at Poddington. Every section of the Institute was lepro- 
?ented among thooe present, and the hearty cheering and Tigour- 
on hat waving which oaluted the departure of the train nnut 
hare conaiderably astonished tlie Great Western officiaJn, wbo 
wore very onzioua to know the couoe of such demonstrative 
prooeedinge. 

The invalid^s health improved ao j^reatly that hie wife waa 
able to leave him in July and return to her family, tbc gnat news 
to greet her being that HoUy flill bod again been completely 
guttfd I The fire broke out in the roof on July 3, 18S6» and soon 
fcoined ho fiim a bold that all bopea of subduing the flomea were 
abandoned, and every eSort directed towards saving the furniture 
and voluahke with which the house woe filled. No one knew 
how the ootbrcAk originated, and although the inside of the 
house vos nhaolutely destroyed, the outside wolif were scorcdy 
damaged, and on diiving up the arenue one thought the Sn 
mOBt have been a dream or a hoax. 9o little truce of it coold be 
detected from a abort distance. A Urge omciint of cunoe 
brought home by Mr. and Mrs. Hogg from their travels werr 
dntfoyed. besides many \aluahle doouiDenta and papers thai 



i 



m 



QUTOTIN HOGG 



could never l« replaced. They both felt the loss of tlie pUco 
keenly, but two such serioua fires \r so abort a space of tuDO 
rather damped Mr. Hogg's ardour for it, and made biin dasiroaa 
of reliev^ing lutnaelf of the liabilities and rt^qTonaibilities incum* 
bent upon a landed prtipnetor: and thd mtAl'^ was therefi»ro 
put info the raarbet and sold shortiy afterwarda to Sir E, 
Walter, 

LETTERS. 

To Aome tmf. vJto hnd futfd him to oMvtt a boy who hnd lott hU mother 
4o coniwy /*er nmain& baele to the place vhsre the olJur tUceaaed 
menbart of Ihn famUy lay burieiL 

Au^uM, 1S79. 

I hava read your latter about , and hav« taken oomo LtU^ 

time to consider the matter. On the whob. I do not feel inclint'd 

lo give the money, i^i^i from any laok of ttympjvthy with , but 

because 1 feel it ia hardly wise to ap«>iid on the dead irhile there 
are bo many living wIkj ntred it- It ia, of course* a pteeaantf^ tiling 
for a family to bury their dead near eaoh other» but I do nrtt think 
Bentiment should be eonsidered when i\\ere is Hueb urgent need alt 
around us of a«aisting those who c&d yet be bcnetJted by eipeixU- 
bm. which the dead cannot- Tell this, and let him under- 
stand it IB from no want of sympathy vrith him, but from a sincere 
d^ire to apend the nit>iiey betl<^> that I do not hdp Imu. 

WriUm lo a 601/ vho hitd juM rralivd tht truth Qmntin nr)gg lon^ffd 
io mwiJ to rA/tt nU. 

St. Ldcia, 

January 29. 1879- 
Mt dear Boy, — 

1 vae 90 gifid (o get y<mf- kttfr t^^Uin^ me that you had foubd 
■' Hun of whom ^fogea in the Diw arid the Proplteta did write,*' No 
wondef His PrrafiiL'e has brought you rest. You hax^e b^en earning 
to the Inaititutc ao long that you will have got to know most of the 
f fUow* ; you will find their conapftaionahip a help to you. I am 
aur& One word of warning, dear boy, will not be amisB. Von 
must not think that temptation will cease becauae you haw taken 
Jeeus M your Saviour, Vcu will be tempted oe fiercely aa ever, 
your ukl nature will be constantly striving for nuuKry over the 
new — but Satan CAnnot conquer, thou^ he may assail you, if you 
are faithful and pi^y- Study the Word. How I wi^h I could 
hare a chat with you |ust now. but« please God, I will see you whem 
1 come baek. T hope to Gad you bright ftnd hnppy, trying to 
lead oUKffa t» their Redeemer- Qod bleed you* my boy. 



A^ 



LETTERS 



157 



WrMcn to Am wife ivhif'st lAtf P^yttcknt^ Koa fn lA« butldtn' handa, 

Jui^udf I9> IS»2. 
I bKV9 bc«n to tlip poly. Thirty h«ve got on fairly v«lt during 
my obs^noe, but in ono or two direct ioii£ new! jogging' Tlio 
gyiiuia>>iiuii 10 nearly dfl^oral^], and tlii? gcafluldtiig will be dowu 
t^ SatiirdAy. On Monday thi>y comfnente fixing apparatus. . . . 
liw Library is more ba<^kward than 1 liop«d, and the hall ditto. It 
necdfl robust faith to beliovt? that we nhall be ready on tlie lOth- the 
day on which T want to makp my mfivj». T filept f^apitAlly nn 
Sunday, but very littTe lest nighty and am r>n mJl: diot again. 1 
admitted thirty feltowe la«i niglit, and found tliab tto ]ixa tbttn 
230 had joinod during the previouB rortnight. So much For adv^r- 
tiding, then going ofF 1 1 feol Hke the oaughty boy 1^0 obaJked up 
*" No poptry," then ran away. 

I am mtioh obligtsd to your fath<>r for sending me the brcimiide- 
I slept fairly in the car, capit«ITy last night- Yt«t«rdfiy I stayed 
in ft]] day, did not even go r«o the Bible Cla^n t T}ie mni] is in. I 
enc]4>fie yoa a l^fer from UarryJ I can't help being atruok by the 
HinjpEe boyuh nature oF hifl letters, a good sign in any young moji. 
f find pimty wniting For m^ to do^ nr^d have not yet ^ven hod timp 
to viflit either Long Aero or the Poly,, but hope to do the foroiGr 
th» everning, ^od the latter to-morrow. 

WritUn to a number ic^ had taken a large nharr in the uvrJt mvolvrd 
in rrvwinff the InatUtae lo the PolyttcJmK^ 

Jarvaary 16, 1SS4. 

Mr PCAB 

Wiil you oro^pt ths aocmnpanying little momo. to retnind yov 
of the part you took, aa a member of the Committee, in the GnaJ 
LranaFeT of the Institute to the Po]y ? May God grant you many 
mors yean, my dear boy. fo^untwlfii^h aiid useful work, till He tAkea 
yoQ to Himaelf to le&m as we never ean on earth the re&l val^ia of 
a hiUDAU soul- Tliat many ^nay IhEre call you bkceed in the joy 
imnpoakahlr, aul full of glory, i& the eameat prayer of 

Youth aH., 

an. 

Ikcernler, 1685. 

Thank yon very much for your letter Idling me that < had 

been brought to Oirist, and that you had been preeent at liia bap- 
tiam- I do not rcvmember tlio boy in the Home, but, oevcrthelao, 
1 am alwayH giad to hBor that any one who liaa been i^onnected 
with Uie old home, where £ once epeut so much of my life, haa 
come oat on the right aide. You did very ri^tJy in putting him 
bo work : tb»?re is nothing tik^ work fur ctheiB For keeping a Fellow's 
lunp bri^U Christian profMsion withoot Cliristiaii work ia An 
> Harry Qamett. OEie of his waids. 



QmNTfN HO<54t' 



ruiomAly, uid I Ik^Ii^ito the day will ccnrui »hui a Chratiui mAn 
wiU feel ii 00 tic*oeoaary to exhibit prtutir^ally uomt-tbui^ of tlie 
Bpirit of Cliriat about liuD by endrnvouring to save olh<irv, as to 
perfofm any other peononfiry duty. 

£r«nl f^uAi M ofT Mo^ uAo ^jt part w the Communion Scrviceo Md 

Dejb January, I8f(3. 

I [)i>nd you horFwith your Communioncardefortlto pfo^ntycAi- ; 

And Id di:>iQg eo denire to i^i^pnsa an camtat liope Utat you will 
endnavnur to be mguUr in yoiir (Lttendftnoe at flioae ^Btherings, 
The vriirk ha^ grown mtich of Late ycaia ; lot good or ovi} ite iafla- 
encu b being felt in a wider j^plit^ro tlian we vvvr cont^mptat^^d a 
r^w yean ago. 1 tecl sure tbat you d^ire God's blMSUig to roet on 
ih« Insiiluto and all that goce 00 thcn>, but it ia only by porMtboi 
cooisevralion and coimuuuion wiUi God that wv cop lum auch 
diKirm into r^alitirar I would ask you, tlierpforo, not only to bp 
with UB rogularly^ but to come in Buch a Epiitt Sfi will mako your 
preMmoe a blesaing and help to all uf us. That Lhi^ year may be a 
time of «ver dmpnning ^owth and usefulnraa to you and all who 
worahip our one Lord aod Maet^r in sincerity* io Lhe camoet prayer 
of Voura sinuenity, 

Quint™ Hooo. 

To a member rctignina from the Polytechnic CoutKiL 

NovcmhpT 12, IS92. 
Youf letter is to hand. 1 tiari intended writing to tell you how 
sorry I am your namo is no longer on our Cotucil liat. I think, 
howevfiT. lu jujiLJce to aU partite, yours^-lF uicludcd, that it woa 
better to fill up the vaoant?y with one who liv*s3 neArfr i*nd was 
more oonetantly omon^t ue. I hope the fact of your not being 
on Uio Council will nut in any nay clieck you from coming up 
^phen yon ean, though your position now is so very dtfFnrent from 
what it ufiod to bo that one cannot e^cpect you to bo here oftcm. 

What you eay about the |HUit is true enough with all of ub, yet 
fwobabiy if. wniild not bn well if we touk) go througli lif^ again with 
Hhe exporionco of a^^f . That very eitperienco which wo now cherish 
tB the result of faUunjv and miHtakea tn tlii^ paatn 1 fpar a lad uf 
ei^te^n witli the experfenre of a man of thirty-f^TB would be an 
tnauffcrablo prig. You muEt Evpmenibvrt too, that too years benoo 
you would only want to repeat the operation odoo more, to rutoucli 
thfi picture with the wifidom of aeeuroulating yearB. It ia better 
for ua to TQiuembar thai each portion of our life haa, in God^e {I'^od 
providence^ its own beauty^ &tid that whatever tni£takr« a man n:iay 
make in judging his fellows, the Jud^e ci all bhe world will do H^t, 
and not requiro of ub to give on account ol oar youth as thou^ we 
had then the knowlodgo of ripe manhood 



urrrEBS iw 

Smf nuttd io oU iht membera tm Um rMHoaal of lA« /»iCA«fc from 

5, GATSNDiBa Squabs, W.. S^piemiMr 16, 18WL 
Mt dbab Stb,' 

In order to faoilitato our recnov*! to tko Polyteohmo« it haa bom 
decided to doM the Institute altogothw from 20th to fiSrd inai., 
indtiaiTe. When, therefore, roeinben leave the Long Acve pre- 
ntiaea on Toeeda^ evening next, 19th inst-, we ahaU not be fai a 
position to receive them agnin till the Polyteohnio is lonaAy 
opened, which it will be at the usual Institute Bible Clan to be held 
on Sund&y, 24th Septembo', at 3.15 pjn., in the Great Hall of tfaa 
new premiBes. 

I am most anxioua that as many of our membera as poaiblt 
should unite on that oocasion in asldng Ood'a bleamg on the «oA 
in which we are all so deeply interested, and if you are not otherwisB 
engaged, I should be very glad if you would make a epAolal effort 
to be pTMent with us at our opening servioe- 

The usual tea will be provided after the servioe, but, inaamaoh aa 
we shall probably have an exceptional number of members present, 
it is proposed only to provide for 500, and t shall therefore be glad 
if those who live in the imjnediate noighbourhood of the Poly- 
technic will on that Sunday arrange U> have toa at home, so as to 
leave room for those who live at a greater diatanoe. On Sunday 
evening at 7 p.m^ Mr. Paton^ will take the servioe, to which all 
membera, with their friends, paront4), sisters, etc., are oordially 
invited, and which will on this occasion also partake somewhat of 
the character of an opening meeting. I feel sure that your a3rm- 
pathies are with us in endeavouring to make the InMitute as com- 
plete a success aa possible, and I therefore specially invite yoa to 
these meetings, in the hope that your first aasociation with the 
new premises maybe of a time when, as children of the same Father, 
we knelt together in His presence and sought a bleasing for oui^ 
selves and for each other. Just book yourself therefore lor Sunday 
next, 24th inat., at the Polytechnic, 309, Kt^gent Street, at 3.16 
sharp, there's a good fellow, and help ua to give a house-warming of 
the best onrt to our new home. 

Yours sincerely, 

QunntH HoGO. 

To a membtr who had wntUn to htm about hU remarlu on the EUphanIa 

Cav€4 

January, 18115. 
MV DEAR 

Here are a few of the Trinitiee of other faiths, and let me remark 
that a trinity seems to eaist almost everywhera — e-g> in man as 

1 Mr. Pntop vaa a gr»Kt parBDD&l Frioiid of Ml, Sad Un. Hogg, and aa aidMii 

■appartv of t^ Po]yt«obDia work' 






QUTNTIN HOGG 



bixly. soul nnd spirit — mental, [jhyeU^ftl And spiritiifJ. Tn flm, 
fiJi |]Ait« l:glit and £ljUDei etc. Buddfaiam is the grf^ktesl r<?ligioa oF 
llie Ewt. IVy «P<^\t {\n China) of God aa " Fo '' andsay, '"Hie tlirve 
praciDUfl Fo/' " Fo it one [jfifHon, biiL haa thnv forrnH.*' Fuber 
HLyfi» " Among th^ ChtnM^ who vorehip Buddija und^r th& n&me of 
To ire find Ihia Cod mysWiriouHly rauJtiplyini: into throe popsonft/' 

BrabiinEi. tlie Indian ^(jd. ie one ic Uiroo aud threes in one, vie, 
Hrahmo. the crealor, Vishnu the prenerver, Biva tJie dostroyer. 
In Indian bocf ed boolu thc«f^ Ihioo ai-o ropreBcntcd aa Bpcaldii^ Ibufl : 
*' There is no real dUiinctioTL bol.weea us . . . the single being 
appoarti untlnr tlirw foniw ftftf A< i» chw." 

TTiD DniidB worahippcd a triple god (lamed "Taulac, Fan and 
Mollac." MiF«if>n£iriee to Siberia found Ui« people wor^iipying 
an klol " fabricai«d to re«embU aa near aa poafiible a Trinity in 
Unity," 

Written to a hojf vko wot juM vhrU^ for St>alh Afrioa. 

Augutd, 1883. 

Dkab J , 

May God's hl™fling go with you and ff^do you with th* pdlar 
uf E^loud try day atid Qn* by iiichi, an He will if you took for it* Do 
you know the lines J bava Vfnttea on tb© other side T 

Yours aff.r 

Q. H. 

God i» not dumb, that H?^ flboitlrl Rpnak no mnro - 
If thnii host wamlpriiifO io tUi vrildamoaa 
An^t 3iul'»t not SiaJii. 'tis Lhy soul a poor ; 
Tkere Utwwi thp mutintain of the Vciiv do Ins 
Which wboao Af^ka shall Gcd, but ho vho bonds 
Intent on idbuoa still and rocvt*] mde. 
B*hakl« it not, nor hfian ita thumjsW lorik 



• 



LEITEBS OF TRAVEL 



The ooone id Natom k tbs Ait of Ood. 

Youvo. 



vn 



UTTKKS or TftAWL 



'~~r^HE following lettera to the PolytecAnia Magatitu jj^ro a 
'^ BOiDewh&t<li5Corinect«d account of Mr, Uogg'e travels. 
He writ«e from Georgetown eatly m May telling Lbc mombefs 
of his stop in Alodeim witli iia litters and bullock c&rts, tta 
etroeta paved with cobblee, and bullock boya carrying grciLsy 
rags with which to amD&i the runnQra of the '^ cftTTO**'^ 



h 
^ 



"Tho BtHM't^ ftpo graded on an impOBsiblo anj^lo, and give joua 
bewildering SBma of having your leel over tSe chunney-pote of one 
rov of hooflea, whilst your h^ad ifl kni>oking at tb^ cellar door of 
thoee oppoflito. Evon 1,500 or 2|000 fmt above the apa you cannot 
go for without creeping valleye aad going up and down elevations 
which are quite HfwHng to a mere I^ndoner. , . . 

*' Our flrat day at Madeira wc finally exchanged our bullock tart 
for hnrueti, and had a very pleoAant rUlt- into the country, acraes a 
valLfiy IcFiovn aa tlio Littlo Cofrol. to the eouctry house of a gentle- 
man with whom I hftd nome hltlo acquaiDt-ance. and whi^* olthcugli 
An Englr^liman and cojiAequRntly a foreigner. \s the lorge&t land- 
own'^r in Uie inland. ^ It iGok us aome turt htnirs to gPt to hia 
tMlAlCj but our rcTum wad managed in a vaoEly more oxp^'ditioifa 
faohioTL Tilt country houae BfAndA at an elevation of about 1,700 
feet abov^ the boa, and ot tlu> very gat«« of hi« park we found w&iting 
for UB oledffw, (hia time withotit any beaete of burden whatever. 
Two erf ua got into CAch aledge, th» word ' go * wan given, and away 
we ahot, tobc^gan faahion. dcwn the hflla at a ps4¥i whieh at flnt 
gavo you the sacne fenaation oa though you wore ooming down 
froni a very high awing. Wo got down in about twenty-live minutes, 
having pnjoyed our * Blip ' iinmenBBly, The neit day we all went 
oB to th« Qrand CorraJ. The road wae, after leaving Funohol, a 
mere btkile-path, with, in many placee, a fri^fatrul |>recipice on ono 
side and a wall of rock on the oth^r. If you oan in^agino hnr m 
•onuubling up a rather ateep attic stair and then ooming dow 

< Mr. Bloody. 

m 



194 



QOTKTIN HOOff 



you can form a Uilnrably accorftto idea of ^a gynmastio dkpTay 
that we wont throng on Uiifl tida j every noiv and then a pony 
would mako a alrght slip and duJodj^e a stono. which would promfiUy 
diaapptfar over the pr^pice and fall throu^ a apace that it made 
ona giddy to contemplate. Fm&Uy, wo arrived at tho Grand Corral 
(the word 'Corral' moaoa ' pon ' or 'fold'), which conaiate of 
a vaJloy GOuiplctety efaub in by really niagniiloimt hilla rising up flome 
6,000 feet above the aurrounding ftaa, and tho tops o£ which wore atill 
oovOT«d with pi^htH of enow^^* 



From Madaira they travcflled straight to Domerara ; and 
despite his very fr^rjuent viaitu to that tolony. tlio following 
letter cont^na th& only perecmaJ doAoription of it I have been 
ahle to find in any of hb lebtera. 

'* And now, how ahall 1 describe Georgetown T for indeed tha town 
m ill-named, and would bo better noirjied «U3 tJiu City of I'aUuB than 
after one of thoee rascaLy old Germana whom Thackuray, you will 

romamber, deacribt-a 



'0#>rg« the Pint was alwayn reckonod 

Vile ; but viter C>eorg« the i^eoond ; 

And what laortal ever hoard 

Any gwxl of Ganrgo the 'ITtinl ? 

When Gv*Tm the Fourth from earth dnflfended, 

HoAVLiii be lilf?««l ttie Georgea ondad-' 

"F^ple have eold that Thacktu-uy naa a mbanihrDp^; in this 
BentirvkPinT., at any rato. he ahowed liimwlf a tnio phiTanihropist. 
HowDVor, to teturn to the town wliioh, liko many other things In 
this world, ia vastly bettor than ite naiite. Iiuagino exactly the 
oppoailfi of Madeira, wiri you will gfit a fairly correct view of GI«irgo- 
town. If in Had<iira the surroiirtding waten aiv blue, in Gecrgetown 
they are. I am afraid, iindeniabty muddy i if in the former ptaoe^ 
the fltreet« afford you a kind of minor experience in Alpine climbing, 
the lattet plac<<, at any ralft^ ie free from any euch T^roooh- 

"Tbe highrflt things in the neighbourhood of the town are the 
huge Hhaffa uf the Siip^T EKtAtcv, whilif the l&nd ilAulf ia ooL only 
abflolutely flat, but bo low as to rcquiru dama to exQlude th<^ Atlantic 
at high waL«r. Tlio otrceta) however, ate broiui, smooth and well 
laid oat. GEXir^otonn conld give points to New Vcrk in ita ruada, 
^nd ' whip it into a cirouniHtanc©,' o« the VaTdcees say. Hany of them 
have largo canab running through tliem, and nearly all the houaca 
Htand in pleoeant gardens of their owu, wlJ^-h greatly adde to tlieir 
homelincAB and privacy. The whole view is as unlike that of an 
English town as you can iroogin& 

With the exception of tha in^iortant businena atpreet. running 



» 



I 
I 



puaDd with th» river, tbara ia nothing quite uwetiug to the Gng- 
Liah idcA of a rov of houaaa. WlbesevfT you look fou see more treat 
thfiio walk, vLile the whoJe plaoc is so full of &buiuJejit aod bettntifol 
vfigetable lif« tkiat you cnnnot roslin that you are actually vftlking 
through a city of 60,000 inbabitonte- The houA«, luoreoTor, hAve 
a itracge look to Fn gliutt eyca. Thty are buiU to kacp you oool and 
not ta keep you wajrm : ihey nvisequuitly have no chinvwy pate* 
^od ue ^moet invariably raisad soma tan to Sft«CD fact from tha 
ground dd brick pUlan ; tha ftaioing ia of wood, uid Ute numbc^r of 
■ttfvyv in moflt tfl«« does not eineed two. 

'^ A Demcrara houao is ool a f^ood place in whioh to talk eoorota. 
your HaHs ore DotZiing mora than wood, and are ganvralty jalouaiad. 
so that Irifihraen &r& not reported to love the colony. Pat's little 
doniwC io altarvationa with his Kathlean becoming pabUc prcpaity 
in a very abort lin\e. Your servaotii neTH slvep in Uu? house, and 
yonr only ai^ommodatioa for tookmg ia an infinitely Bniali box 
raised on pillar? and utunted on tha laaward side of t^a hoiua, 
ftflordinfl a provision at which a London cook would eilhrr be eont 
Into t^ystprioK or aggravat«^ into mrin^ttting an araaulL Nevnnho- 
be^ tfaaae Georgetown hom« are wonderfully plaaaant plaP«e to Live 
m; ymiare practically in the op'-n-air nil day, and you Bit writirg your 
\etten in the midst of Aurroundingn wtiioh utterly b<^fT:card««oript]on. 
1 am not a botanial, and even were I one I am afraid iha long Latin 
nam>e with whicii leam^ folks have diAgumvd familiar obJ«ct» 
wonJd not help most of yoit much ; but the general effect s simply 
I7cipgpcia«, The very trees are oovered with beautihil bloesonu ; 
polina of evao~ kind and of infiniUr gnfn" ovtrtop every flurrounding 
abject : wild flitwerfi, erei>pf4rs. tx^ea and alimbs of every kind and 
hue secoD, in WluttLar*^ words, 




. . ncaO the lost beauty 

Of the gvde& of the Lord.' 



" T never can nnclc?r^iand how Bon\e pf<opb> speak of Df^nwara as an 
ugEy plaea ; 1 always look upon it aa one of the lovi^lioGt placve 1 
have ever seen ; then- ia a wedth ajid luxuriance in the natural 
obleote wtuch eurround you which more than make up for the 
ahsant hiUs. 1 am not going (o iry and giv^ you a^y idea 
of A sugar estate, for I do not tliink it would intarcrt 
you pHrtiruIarly ; aometunm at riw bark of a sitgnr estate. 
however, we have found eicursionfl which have proved very 
pleasant. On one ot'crwion* in the ndghbouring country of 
CauHjuilx), we oil adjourned to thtt bush ruii encamjH^ on the ahom 
of a little lahe, portly nBtc^rol and partly artifjciat* whioh forms a 
niuch-ne<xled r^i^ervoir for the supply of thi> ptcmtAtion on the 
coast ; we rode |Mirt of the way on ruult* and flnirfied cjur eixcuiaion 
in TndisD 'dugouts,' round -bottomed, keeUew canoes, mada, a> 



I 




I 



HM 



"* "quwtin hogo 



tiieir DBme indice-toG, from Urgo Jogs of wood out of Tthich th» 
oentro haa been more or leos coiuplotroly burned till only a rery 
thin bkiij remoina. We liad acaroely imlBden our (Aiiote ajid Ht&rted 
breakfflflt when the dogs, wbioti bad bf^n turned ItKHe in tho for«et, 
b^fin to give ton^e. A deer ahot poat the ^ benob ' vhorc wo 
were aittiog, aad took to the water, pursued by doj^, n^groce. and, 
indeed, evOTy one o\se^ An exciting (^hasi^ FoUowkI, which resulted 
in tho capttiro of tho dc<v oUvo, and ita boing carried in tritucph to 

" W^ spent the night in hAnimfH>kE,'& mimb^r of monk^ye, attTActed 
perhapB by tlie development of Darwinian idwks in their midsti 
going to rooBtr in the Tit^iglibourtng treoB, 

■'We also spent a wnek vp in Brrbiee, where wo suffered many tlnnga 
from many m<Mqiutoc«, which attacked un. vi^oroua both in stomach 
and muflcltj. biting lu through all our deff^iu'i^* and putting to rout 
our moat cheriflhed traditions of Bocurity. Twoyiairaof trouwrs, a 
moaquito veU and gaiuitlets were of no avail, and white and black 
oljlie sevmed to HuiTer priHlij^^iously. T have never knuwn them bo 
bad aiuf^e IS6S, ao T am inclined to bffheve th« BerbJciann when they 
deolorc that this ia quitf^ an al^normal vieiiation. £ oould not help 
thinking what v. hieky tijing it waa for PItaroali that Borbice moa- 
qtiitoivi hiul never gniniHl ii footing in Kgypt. Monee woii^ certainly 
have made them onti oF the ten plagune ; indeed, 1 am not sure if one 
week of the mcMC|uitoea would not havtr aofttined Iiia heart iiast all 
hardening ; at any rate, it would hn-ve anfl^ned all the other parts 
of hia body, which would probably have done juet aa woLl. 

" Never a day passes but what we renienibcr you and youi? at the 
throne of the Everlfl*ting Father, That He may guide you and ui 
till H.0 bringa ua, as He eeee fit, to moot in our earthly Dr heavenly 
hoaw>, IB the daily prater of yours aHectionatcly, 

-Q. H." 

In spite of hia ill-hoatth, Quintin Hogg woa poBHeasod of extra- 
ordinary powei^ of ejidursnce, and wotjld undertake expeditions 
entailing physical hardnhipH tlmt men in robust health hesitated 
to subject UieniFielvea to^aiidthatforoneinhieoonditionappeared 
abeolute madnees^ Hia doings were a fruitful topic of oonvena- 
tdon in the West Indies and Demer&ra, where he frequently pro- 
trided the aBtoniahed and sti^htLy acatidalixed inlmbitaata with 
a '* nine daye' wonder." Sir Jamea Ho|^ti in his lifotirao used tc 
delight in the tales illustrative of his son's enterprise and powen 
of enduranoe that aometimeB drifted bock to him from the 
Antipodes, Onoe he had mode up bis mind to do a thing, 
nothing could stop him ; he would follow out his project, regard- 



LETTERS OF TRAVEL 



in 



I 



leee of difQcultieo, dAngers and hordahip. On one occuion fiome 
(^fficultj hftviog arisen about the irrigation of on© of tbe West 
Indiftn cetates. t© thought it deaimble to examine the waterahed 
of the Btroftm^ in queetion. It meant hackiiig a way through 
the vii:^ " biuh/* no Light task in a country where the vegeta- 
tion ia as luxuriant and the undergrowth ait rank as it ia in thoee 
lands. Undeterred by a prospeol th^t ratlior appalled every- 
body ebe, he started off, taking with him a stalwart but eiceod- 
iiigly reluctant manner- TTie natives deserted them the firat 
night, hut in ttpite of hia ooiapanion'B renionKtrancea. *' Q. K. " 
premed on until he had acoompliahed his plan. They returned 
absolutely worn out by the ecanty food, hard work, exposure, 
and physical hardahips Ihey had undergone. Tlie laal few milea 
liomeward they were able to ride, hut just beFrtre they reached 
the bouse "Q. H/a*^ mde evinced a desire to go to Uis atable 
direot. not via the front door. Tlie muJe was fr^i and obstinate 
(a roule'fl obstinacy is no trivial mattef)» the rider utterly ex- 
hauited, but that did not prevent his fighting the matter out 
until the animal owned itself vanquished. The mann^sr died 
shortly afterward*, and it ia no "poetic lioence" on my part, 
but a plain arid truthful fa^t^ that hia death waa attributed by 
the doctor largely to the ill effecta of the privations endured on 
that httle voyage of exploration. Another time Mr. Hoggwiahed 
to awrerlain the depth of a certain oreek, Alltheniggers refused 
to venture into the muddy water, which was known to be infcpted 
with (tlhgatora, and, finding their terror quite unconquerable, 
'' Q, K. " audden]y took a header into it. He stayed under the 
wat«r a few uaneoeasary oooonds merely to alarm hiscompanions. 
and his tirst sight of the niggera all bending over the bank with 
horrified faces, gating at the spot where he had vanished and 
giving vont to long o-o-ohs and au-auha of difltroas^ was a r^ol- 
leotion that would always send him into fits of laughter. He 
pooh-poohed the idea of having run any riak, the alligatoTB were 
so used to black men, be would explain, that they ware paralyzed 
With anmi^ment at the eight of hie complsiiion. and before they 
had recovered their appetites, he had disappeared. 



m 



QUINTIN H0C3G 



Often in Demerara he would t&ke hia exercise by walking out 
to one of the ealatea ne&r tc Georgetown^ Nor did ho always 
aliok to the road 1 Once he started o£F about 10 pm.. and walked 
Btnvight acrou countiy to on eatate about five milefl away, 
which involved swimming the caral which gives water to George- 
town, and walking through many cane piecee ! The manager, 
who waa soimd asleep* woh not & littJe alonued on being awakened 
by bis employer, dripping with water and plastered with mud 1 
But after a time every one got accustomed to hie unexpected 
movements, and took both sudden appeanuicee and diaappear- 
ancea equally calmly 

From Demerara the travellers went to TnnJdad. 

*' We broftWaflted at tho club, otid then took a drive up a lovely 
valk^y to one aS the cocoa «a1&tefl« ibr which the ialand is celebrfttcd, 
foUonred by a turn around tlif* Savannah, a kind of naiuml park 
lyin^ at tho foot of a joagniBcGDi amphJt>jeaire of hiUe, in the 
centre of which is a cricket ground, where eighWwn yearw ago I 
dJfiporUid myaeLf bb a member of the Britinh GiiiAriA CrinkEiL Klflvnn 
V. S. Trluidod in three matchee* which occupied a solid week in 
playing. 

" Tho town it«elf has Itttle to boast of. Tt ia dreadftilly hot, thivnigh 
having B range of hUls between it and tbe north-eaatt the quarter 
from which the brade winda blow/* 



P&at Granada and St. Vineent, with rl« slumbering voloano 
thai did anch damage in 1812, to 

"BarbadooSt a cheeky, weU'Cultivabedn and blazing hoi Lttle ialandi 

where thp tropical heat beating down on the white lln-Lfatone road?; 
blinda and dazae tho travoUar, cooled tlioiigh ho be by & plcoeant 
bn.-e£©, and welcomed by kindly and hoHpitable hoata- Just now 
tilings ere not ^mg on smoothly in Bimniiire. Siignr ia at minoua 
prices, Land ia Bbnonnally high, and the oloscly-jiooked population 
(for Barbadofie aharDS with Malta the Toputalion cf being (he moel 
dsnaeTy p^oplod ialand in the world) Looking in vain for work. 
Wheveas wctnt of iiihabit«nta, end such an excess of lAod aa to 
encouni^ idlcnrea and squnHingf are the crying evila of (he other 
Weat India ColonJefl. htire rho exact n-wne ia Uib caao, and the 
oauae of the gonfirol d&<ep poverty bears a muoh closer rH^mblance 
to the etate of affairs at homo. Here, even tddtc than in England, 
the people have been wholly divorood from the soil, tha land being 



LETTERS OF TRAVEL 



160 



ohnoet fvitirely ownod by the wbitee, and the blAcb people having 
no chance at alt of acquirLDg evvD an acre of Iftnd. All nt^iil wtiU ao 
long AS aug&r paid, end work could ba found for Tno4t at any rate of 
tho laboorera ; but things grew uerioua when a general curtailment 
of wiponscs becaro© oeceBsary. ajid taska, not highly paid before^ 
grew perilonsly nenr to the point where they afforded too littLo to 
porohaee «nfficienoy oE food aod ctothu:ig. Well, at any rato, 
Barbadoea hae luany placoe to which she can eend Iter surplua h&nds, 
pbuvM wbcre there is land and to Bpore and which can be reachnd 
Ear a few ehilLingfl, Of one thing, however, we may bo euro, that 
neither BarbadoeA nor EngliiDd can bo really pro^perooa while the 
land reTcnina in th*) ham^s nf the few. and the rttany n^mtt (hither tahfi 
Ui& weg<^ ofTerod or atfirve, Tliia is a point we shall have to settle 
in Bngliind ere lonf^. God ^aiit t.^uit wc may ho wise enough to 
Be>ek for giiidttnre in that old Book which gives in ih'v att in all other 
thingft, prinoipl^ which point, to tboan who wiU be guitti^d, the nght 
way. Patnoti#m may well die out whtti the manhood of the nation 
haa no hDme wonb Qj^htinfj for, ho otLe thanka God Utat Liberal and 
Conservativot L,ord Salisbury as well aa Mr. Oladiitone, have mode 
aome movo in the direction of rendering the acquisition of land 
i^&^ir^r thiui it in at present. At TlEirbadoee. as I havf? said, emigration 
soeins the orily possible remedy, but it ia interesting to h&p. bs one 
travels about, in how many ahapfs the great l^Lud Question crops 
up, evild Hui[ietLrnea showing thojiiHitves from thure being too many 
oofea for the peoplB, and eometimee froin thare being too many 
people for the aorca 1 

" In spite of t\v* beat and glare, we spent two very pleasant daya 
at Barbadore among t};e kmd and hoapitable folk tlierL\ and on 
Honday evoriingt Juno SBh wd etcaniird out of the roadatead ofT 
Bridgetown im rt>uta for St. Lucia. The next morning at daybreak 
we were passing undf^r the two grand p?iaka at the south end of 
Lucia, known by the name of tbo * Pitone/ precipitoufl, ccnioal 
nKks, Htariding up like two huge twin ttugar loavtf^, witli tlieix aidea 
in aome plaeofl too bare ev^n to a9ori) a foothold for the dense 
foliapo w^ch in nearly every other place covers the mountains oE 
the W^t Indies. Grand rocks these two old Fitons ore. rtvtring 
their hend^ noma 3«^XK> ie^t nhove the nea, and afTording a capital 
chanco for some bold member of the Alpine Club to try Ids hand at 
SBceoding tham when ho liae got weary of his Swiss playground. 
Thsire is a legend that one of tliBm^ at any rate, has been aseendad 
once* the story going that aomo of Nf^bon's Hoilore undertook to 
•cale the natural fortrcea, and forci-d their way through brushwood 
and np the precipitous rockE. till onrt of tbem itucceedcd in planting 
the Union Jouk on the hi^eat fiujxunit- Tliere it ia said he wae se^u 
to reel and full, he and all his companions having b^^n billcn by 
the dEiodly f^er -de-Lance [T bntitfve it n-joicea in the beautUully 
vimplu daasical name of Cra»pedac£phaUt9 LanceoUittja)^ w^iioh Bceroi 



QUraTCN HOOG 




to ■warm in tbia uland mopo tliAn m any other in tho West I/idks. 
I do not vouch UiAt tliia atory in txue>" 

From St, Luou to Cflfltries, where — 

■ 

*' knowing tho boautj' of the view from tho top of Mome Fortimfc, 
X wiMit on nhore and goUoped up bhs Bteop path. ^ , . Then 1 i^uahed 
OD to the Cul d« Saf.' V&Uey, vhere 1 hod buBinHa to do with tha 
nuuiBger of a large sugar factory. Tho gentlemAn in chfLTgo was a 
fileaaant and wrtll-reod Frenchman, wlio, though & thorough devotee 
of King Sugar, haii found tirofi to gAiher suph mrioeitif* as e^an b** 
found in tho islands, and has an odmiriLble cotlcctton of st^no 
knivoB, arrow and axn heady, neefl by th« Coribfl U.'ftfr» the Spnnliih 
InvadtfP infjvdiioed giuipowdur and put a final end to ilio «ton« ag^, 
" Our next viait was to tho island of MortiniquOf one of the two 
importanL French ialands wbich. in the Toab groat* division of proporty 
at tfu^ end of tJi^ ^^apo1eoniR ware, we restored t/i the TVench, our 
goltant blnejackcta having euc<;iM.dod in moJdng a cloan aweop of aU 
tho ifilanda into the English [jool. It is nob a very gratifying reflec- 
tion for nn F^n^Lishman that of tbe four lalandB lying close togt^thert 
viz^, St. Lucia, Martinique, E>onYinica and Guadaloupe, the two 
wbicJi bcloiLjj to the FrencJj &Te fairly profcitrous and wt?]l»cuilivBt<>d, 
tt'hile the two u^ich belong u> the Englinh are In thi> !ju«t kIo^ of 
bianitioQ and deoay. Tt lb vory eoey for ue to aay tiuit tho French 
have Ihe two beat Lnlandfi, but the obvioua leply ia Uiat Uie English 
picked out the two whif>h, at the beginning of this century, appeared 
to them the beet worth having, and gove the French tJieir leavings 
Nor was this done without duE? ix^niiiderabioii, for Ilodney and 
Nelson odviHpd the Hon>e Government to fltick to Dominica, aa it 
lay betwften tlie two French iflUnda, and to retain St. l-ucia, aa it 
was fartficat to windward, and itom it and Barbadoea the English 
odmintt conld readily succotir any thrpat-enpd point. The mn to 
Blartinique was nob a long one, only floine five hoora, and ea we 
cotiie aloii}^ we tiave pointed to ub blie Diamond Rock> lying off the 
principal Frenc>i port of Martinique. And, infteed, this Rame rook 
U wor^y of more than a paaaing look, for it was Jiere that Sir Samuel 
Hood, noticing that the French voasrla. when oiiaaed by the English 
omiaers, mode tlieir escSipo by ranring through the narrow channtd 
lying between the ahora and tJiia same Diamond Rook, managed to 
land upon lb Lieut. Jaiues Maunoo with one hmidred and twenty 
mpn anil boys, five cannon, ammunition, provisiofin, end water. 
The landing mOiy aound easy enough, but it was a job that taxed all 
Hood's iLiatience, and he hod to lay his ahip, the CciUour, clo«e 
■loT^ride the rook, and then haul the cannon from his maat£ to 
the top of the rock by m^ang of hawiierB. When all was made enug 
ajid tight, the Dnion Jack waa hoisted, and here for eif^ilitoeo monthi^ 
joung Maurice kept hia stand, repulHin^ oil tho attempt* of the 



A 



LETTERS OF TRA VIX 



171 



French to dislodge hiro, uDtd the AdimrftlCjr paid him thd compli- 
mont of ointoring hJa r<wk om tho Kftvy List ae HM, dilp Dicrnhmci 
FiDAlly aiiuuiiiiitJoii g&ve out. and aft«T ficveml ds^" fight with 
G%^ French ahipfl, the gallant |ittJ« coznpani^ hftd to euireiulcv. 
from want of the whorowith&l to feed either flieir cikonon or tbeir 
fitomacha. 

*' A little farthor on we come tA Uw* town of St. Pieur^, v4tfTe th^ 
famouB Capt&in Scmmcfi. of the At^ahama. managed to outwib tho 
United St«t«e man-of-war lying ou1«iJe for him in a manner wiilch 
d«aervea recall . (hough thi^tAli^iaa qiiart<-rof a r^nttiry old. Senune* 
had put into MarLiniqtus and a powerful AmeTJcan gunboat bii^ 
nvdt'd, as was tliought, In bottling the ConfederHte c^aptain with a 
veesfil which waa inHnitely superior, both In ^tate and weight, to 
the ship which t^mmce commanded. As I dar<«ay you all know, 
the wat«r within three luilee oi land belongs to the ivuntry owninB 
the land, and no hoatile attack may be niade by ona <ibip upon 
another within this magic oirolo of throo milve, on pain of the Stat4.' 
owning the adja<ynt land ilcelf entering into the atniggl^^, Tho 
Ameritran nrniser lind. thnvfore. either to remain at nca ont«ide the 
tliree iiiil>% belt, or eloe to come into the roadfltead and djrop ite 
auclior aluni^idu of ite enecny. The YanJiee uapta!ii was, howewr. 
smarTp enough for the ^itnation. He arranj^ wit!) t^te captain of 
a amall mercantile Achoiiner to anchor hii ve^ael close alongside that 
of Captain St'minu and to inform liim (the Yankoe conjniander) of 
&U Semmefl' mov*.'mmrA by prenoncerted signals. Semnim made 
B8veral feints to go out, until h« had pretty well foood ont tlia 
eneiuy'd doJgt?, and one dork ni^ht he slipped away aouthwarda. a 
fact which wae at once GommunicatM to the cruiser outside by his 
aUy in tfie roadat^ad. In hot haste the Unit^ Ststee frigate 
atarted ofl on a tine paraUel to that pursued by Captain Semmfa -. 
but the letter, us scxm as he had gonp Rome diatanci^, pnt out all his 
tighle, got wfJI undor the shadow of the dark hiU, and, turning 
ri^t -aboiit-facti, at^mntd. unaeen by all. riglit away to tho north, 
laaving the two Yankee ca^itainA in no fimall perplexity at hin dis- 
appearance, and utterly at a loee to know in wliich direction to seek 
for him/' 

After vieiting MooteerratH Antigua, ** notable for pino apples, 
droughts ajxd Job's teara," St. Kitta, and Nevia, they wetit' to 
SaiiU Crva — 



" ' a bodge'podga * of nationaliti^ and gcvommi?Fifii. for the island 
belod^ to the Donee, the inhabitants all apeak English, and the 
managora aret alnunt to a isaa. Iriab- l^je newspaper ia pLibtislit^ 
in a Danish prorinoe, has a French name, and is aTiEten in English- 
The oegTooe eiII talk the mother tongue with a genuine Iriah brogue; 



tsW^rra HOGG 



Indped. to anch an extent is ihiti tnie. thftt the Btary goee that ths 
fortunod cl ono young IriehiQAC, at any rato> wore hop^ioaaly wrocked 
thereby. It ia Auid that a young emi^ant from the Suuth of IrelAcd 
Gr>iiiJng oat wttli greftt hopna □( growing Piigar &Tid makEng hia for- 
tune, but with very happy ideaa aa to ethnology in geiikeral, imd the 
eflecb of the Wesb Indian mm on the hiiinatL raco in particular, woke 
Op nne morning on bcxu^ ahip and Touiid himself at hii flpHttnation. 
Putting hia iioad out of hia port-hole he beheld a nogro, oa black aa 
coal, cruisiii^ cibout ^ith a Btuall roin-bfut eeeking for poeeengiera, 
and ihe ilnrkey, observing tJw* Irishman's hpad come out of the 
vindow, aflked him, in tho most polite brogue poaaiblo, * whether 
hb honour wished to go ashore at all, ot all/ The omiBrant noa 
horrur-BtrickHJi ; wad \t pofiHJbte, he thought, that ono oE his fellow- 
oounttymen had already bocome bo altered by the climate ae to 
have been burnt as bla^^k aa his boots, and eo ho asked, in faltoruiK 
tons4. how limp Ilie boatmun Imd been tu Santa Cmz T Tho darkey, 
who had been away on a trip to Montaerrat, repli^, innocently 
enough, * About throo woeka, yor honour.* ' What I ' nhriokcd 
the IrLtthman, * aud bhuik already f ' Tliat morning th0 purser 
■old a r^urn ticket for ould Irclnttd, 

■' At St. Kitta wo had time to make quite on expoditiou, »n<l 
ascended tho crater, whii^h forma the central point of Mount Miaery, 
aa the hjghost peak of the island ia called." 

Mr. Hogg then cttwaed to America, and wrote from New 
York— 

'■WpII, New Ttirk has been no often dweribfld that I nped not 

attempt to give you a description of it in this k-ttor. The glory of 
America lice not in hor groat cities . h - but in lior Bplen<Ld army 
of suiatl Ereeholdera, living on Llieir own lands, poeseasing an^l uHing 
the biMsings ot clii?ap and advann>d education, and raising up a 
raco of independent yoomon and healthy citizens, who aro to-day, 
and will be tor many a year to coma, a crown of honour and strergth 
to the Ropublio-*" 

Hifl next bait waa at Northfield, whe» be was the gueet of 
Mr. D. L. Moody. 

*■ Close by Mr. Moody's house are several iargp buildings, used aa a 
troininic school for young women, wlierc be Ijao some hundreds 
training For the various schooLa am) coL]egf« in the U-&A. The 
whole place ia fitted up quite like n home : each bedroom hss two 
oceupaato, and the ^ttinjzs and furniture arc net only oomfortabloi 
but quite ae ^khI and an hundAuine aa you would lucob wiUi in an 
ordinary English gontLeman'fl hoi;br. KvorytJiicg won acrupuloiisly 
neat and cleuut and the aim ia to send out a etream of Chnetian 



■ 



LETTERS OF TRAVEL 



173 



womon from thifl poKoge who ahall infiuonpo for good the mindH of 
the children comntitited to tlieir cckre. Foiif mllBa i>IT, and □□ tho 
other sid& ct the Cann^'Cticut Rivar, is fiituAfcd Mount Hnrmon 
S<jho4>lr a piftoo ^Thc^o boys oro pcooivod, and DhtFun an oxcclknt 
education on payment of $100 per ajinuin, aad in sciiue< casee for no 
pBymPTit Ht all. I was channr^d U> iw*o the potnfortab!© fittinga Mr, 
Moody had used in fcdng lip tJieee houoeo : each room wa^ occupied 
by tWQ Btud^ntfli who oavli hiid a b«l and climl of drawen, evtry- 
thing being an a batter Hcale than nny Himilar Brhool or hnmp whioh 
I have aoon obcwhero. i have long had a strong idea that people. 
aa a rule, In England «nd in Amorlca, make a great mistake m 
Lhinking whiCcwoBh^l walla and plain deal tablofi a n^j^Rsary 
jkcoompaniment oi the training oC poor boys. 1 b&li^ve that if you 
provide comfortable and good UiingAt wen for the very poorenti. they 
will be appreciatiM and reapor^bod by thfl great tnajnrity of thono 
who ime thorn; nnd I felt heartily glad to eeo iUai Moody bed 
adopted tho Aame idoa in fitting up his Hchool. Tliere are quite a 
largo nmnbnr of Knglirth boys h<irp, though at thfl time of my visit 
vacation wae on, and oU those ^'ho bad homoa Itad boon a«nt away 
to thorn, lostot^ of ihejse boys, however, thfl place wa* peopk'd 
by some 250 youjig fellows from thp various univeraitiffl and potlep*« 
aoattVTed about the United Stntea. ivho hod come to spend a month 
of their holiday to bo trained in Bible knowledge by Ur. Moody 
and othera. Every day t'oinnipnced with a devotional meeting, 
■ind Erom ten to twelve all met for ejqioaitlon and Bible reading. 
Other meetings wore hel<] in tlie afternoon and evening, whilfi 
rBCToalion went om for those who prpferred physical ftTereisea. T 
vtoA present abnost every day at thoflo rru^etingB, t^iough I did not 
speak, bein^ bound over under promiao to Mrs. Hoi^ not to trana- 
greia my doctor's ordnra in that n^pent. 1 could not help feeling 
in worm nympatby with tho movomontt nor should 1 hav9 Eoimd 
it very difficult to have trii^, at any rate, to put into words 4ome 
of the t.lioiighti4 that crowded inh> tuy tn[rid an 1 lookKl at that Bea 
of ltit«Uigent young f a(>ea who luid mot together from east and west, 
tUid north and soulhf to leam bow bebb to utilize theb^ young man- 
hood for the glory of GchL'* 



He spent one day at Niagara — 

" thwo wonderful and n:iajcBtie folia, wliiah always fiOQim to grow on 
me every liin^? I viait tUem. One is never lii^d o( getting on one 
of the littla islands and watching tlie tremtindoiiB rapids imFTbedtately 
above the Fall, or of standing close to whoro the vaat pale-green 
fibeot of water poura over the Gaoadian side. An American ortce 
"aid to me that ' God only mads one Niagara, and he gave it to 
England and America,' and, n&turatly, being an £ngli«h[nai1, 1 
did not think the selection waa a bad ooe. Indeed* the Niagara 



IM 



QonmH Hooa 



I vfam ym vxam Ut tktoik thmL about ■ ififfrr 
—tif "'PT^r (4 1^ •I'U « Ponrt<inU7 poormg 
•w Itet mO* of rne^m- 

''OnTtevdara^U ti* looiitr^ Cor GUo^p, miiiiii^ bQ«nno 

titfp* at t«o n Uv ■■ft*"ij*g UnioftHsMj. kamvtng, oar iJiirpiim 

«tf «M €«U»lndk. <ft ■iitf at wh^ la^jlt Im^ b— fatal to 

, Ki^X of Ifa* oecuptt&ia of Ow «ar JMd «v bMB «d^ «fc loA i|iesd at 

of rt« o e ttif TW M w^ Fovtonatal J, how»i wr, «• 
'««7 ihnrlr. •» U^t ao harm waa done. The Umigk wa« 
to a littb kwp ite lo fat lliii i iil iii^il Umm ^m a 

lb* faM« iniwitf Uw pOBli^ aad bcg^ to |olt 

owrthoifaBp or i- liiMdaotfallroallw«0MtOBtte«faipm 

'#bo«a was qirflo a* dintorbuifi as Ifaa ofkot tqxxi Ub riety bafaw. 

It gBV« both a I ■onaiitwahla ahakjng up, but the driver aaw the 

Vkbbap and pqUad B|> at onoa. U tooh two «<kd a haU hooa to 

and iDt a* right. Tha ocoopaota of Uw Afaofnog car mr^ 

.Ibaa InaafcffiaiJ into a drawing-room car. and we goe to Chioafo 

(■ivflfaiat fortiiar mw}uip, alxmt two huun lata, 

"I mn afraH kma ▼ory FVOhu^ r«rAark, but every timb I ooma to 
thta niLy of iliff Wrat. I am atruok fnw:^t more vtth thn vaat increaaa 
of ■rn'fk'i i^d 'ii/t Uinn vritU tJit infrriwiio in Lho fiLooc itedf. WhfiA 
I flnt kiHTW Jt, tiv'jiity yvan «fl;r>. it Ivtil S'XJ^OfKt ui>iabjtanta, Sami 
ilirn It Idii tm^ bttniad down. rrjbnilL* and the numlfer of ita intfatii- 
itkitlM liAfl ro^jT" than doubfad- liut^afaal Ihe amount of ita emoku 
hiH iii'TnaiinJ uvK" llia^i twonly-frild, «4)d London [t«U could doI 
fa the iiunroi^r «how ansrlhirtR npfiroachjD^ the murky atmoaphere 
Of thia roighty |rrairii> urty. Oiu> of tho largcat irwohanta of Chioago. 
:tftU fa Iha lull vigour nf bimmoai capacity, (icintcd out to me tho 
of ttia aily, and tlur fiilfi nf flu? Tow log liuts which compoaad 
^k Vhta ha fiiM viMtad It fifty yoara aga A W«t«m trapper is 
<|Vp0TWd to hava aadd tlwl ha oouJd have bouRbt the whole Larnation 
awamp ffir an rihJ |iair nf bootii iu iHSft. ' Thfin why <iidii't ycio 7 * 
ffaiTiarkcd fjim of faka uudiniVHi, wliu ^lad grown a IrttLo &lch of hia 
l^k. * Il«i:«u»it, atrariHi^/ roj^icd tlio trapper, ' I hadn't the 
faKrU; 

'*'i'hn Uttin Ohifuv(Co Hivr^r flrnn ttirno^h the oity, and there is a 
fklh of ■rjTEi'^ day widfKiin^ ond doeporiJikg it, «o lu to make the 
wnliir run bito tiju MijiiiJiiiiJ|>jji, and tliiu Aocura to ChJoago an Gutlob 
to Nnw (irlouiu and Moxioo. Where iU growth witl end it is im- 
pEMiiLblo ovorri to indioato ; two ijeanrationfl have tocn the city grow 
frurnn iniid ■wamp to a piipi]lationfV(!nc«W(ling any city riiEnylandp 
witli thr, niriv^ption of I»rjdon alone. Wliat ite poeilion will be fifty 
yaan honoe, ho would be a bold man to attempt to gUMa." 



Whiljt bfl WM in Amorice h© heard of Uio second fire at HoLy 
Hill* Thii oataatrophc brought him home for a few weeka to 



urms OTTiuvsL 



m 




OabxC^^^A He «MB the Ql^aoii^ iLe 

for ft tm» wUck ww by tS «c«li l»^f wwkfd Iks 
put of t^ a^i. «Bd kit Lcadoo owty » fiuMfajr 
ft BMt liiinHiiiMii krt tmty-K>ar koftn! Hm fiiH bU«c 
it fran SftB. 




W 



-nnil ■■!. wfBiil in 

<er IhBt <rudb# oc<«|»tMft dM^ b«^ aad vftit^ Isr 
B^jr better ^U. I got lo Alnufidr^ oa Tboncfay. iBlh. tf 4qh 
bMak, ind tottftdaTiMEJ ihM« on fira wtth a caif9 of pMraboBB «ft 
bo«d, ■ wbon nkd m to b« bwwd.' «r. «« Is Ibii oov^ %» b» 
woilkul • hiliiis wwnuDs >g>ii»l «*nyu^ luo »nic^ oil ift jgw 
tttod dBftfiflgi with yoar tcUow nwti, of whis^h t look 
1MI» I hiMhil_ M» llv ofMt tt^ cbow to ib» pOil 
id balM iH y' d» w nfw<d ll» witr Eprt*""* ■">"' ■ O'^lat 
to ilM>« mt to tJv tiia» of tawtf^p-Aw pir «*nt. in my rhawpa I 

Un Bovt mea^Q rawJto — qo> own • bhiih ^ 1^ <hatk el U» 
phwAy obml 1% waddmAf oootfTPKi to m* to tty (b* Mmn «l lb» 
vnbndviv ftod m^ mbKlfal of Ihfr «vi] iBt ^J ta ol too maik olU I IWw 
«t turn in HI hii unrit gibboneib. coEipand of ckMVoal quotolkv* to 
lAtin Aod Gmk, Ao^iiriMid Frawli arui nwAntngleaft atHUKb* ^^Jufldjp 
guUar*L Tbe effect oi nay lint voilvy «•# iu«|ncai l tito mftft 
iitiB|iDd «A if ho irvCQ akrat, got Uwt p«h-Efvan colour pfetr^»lla^| bjr 
yrilov peof^ «bsi th^ are in & blue tiuik (>-rllov uH blue nuik* 
pean, yoa knoirj^ An^l ftpcJogix«d fracticAlly in l}m>«< l«r\Rua^«^ 1 
wand ^Mp with Ukrcttteoine geoturai with mjr ri|i;ht bacuL iuK>ilm 
vtdky of gibbviflh prunuuDoed magniloqiMntly. and hiit Jutii, L 
verity beiipw, the most imcomfort*ble ruui io Aloxiut<tm^ Prom 
tho P.O. 1 iiiAd« a short drivv utd Uusi nvut tu tbo raiJw^y aMkn. 
lAlegraphmg ahead to my bObtA at Cbiro to hava a oarrH^-r lUxL |iair 
of hoTBM wahing to toko me to the I^rramida. Punctually' at tJirvp 
1 reached jfive hours) Cairo, bad a cup of toa, aiut Uwo i^roocvdad 
to diemn Clieoiv- I soon found that any fean I might haim antor- 
tainad aa to arriving in time wre wholly grouixUeaa. Hy Jabu 
eenced to be ia doubt vbether he b^angod to a b*ttary in action 




in 



QCINTIN HUCJU 



or a firt^ brif^odo ; wo b^Motu dc^norati^d into a hand Cf^llop, it wa* 
gonrvafly a pnllop involving all thn nn'mlMTn of tbu body. At firal. 
the horsse kicked, and one got his i«ig over the traco. Quite in vaId ; 
tlie atray mrimber was oeized beforo tho luiimal had fuUy roalizod 
the jpoAition, pualiEsl into i^e proper plo^^. and Llttm Jehu^ pene- 
trated with the idea, that undue loitering liod aflordod the old 
gentlt^Eoan an opportunity of ioterft^rint; with tlio hind ic^ of our 
team, slipped Along at a paco which should give no tiinu for mischief 
with either hind \&tr» or front on«e. Across tli^ Ikilla we flt^w, along 
an avonue, tliron^h Gii:f>h, along an iromenflo dam with swanipy 
luid on each Aide, up a oliort iodiiie, and then drew up At the Great 
PyTAmid, having aocoTiipliahed over ten milM, BtiOpp»ig(« «nd all, in 
6fty-sev?n nunutcfi. . . . They are very bi^, no doubt, but t>iat ie 
about bU yon nan say of tfiem ; they ore neither imeful nnr nrna- 
nwntaln nor gracofol, and appear to ma to afford a Laflting example 
of the most conapicuoua miaiiBo of the labour of half a milliori of 
men for a quarter of a century on record/* 

At Suez Mr. Hogg rejoined the rest of the piuiy, and Ih^y 
travelled through India ; hie letters being naturally, to a con- 
sidorable extent, repotittoua of those imtten during hie first 
visit in 1876. During the trip he 

'' liad bvro flight iijiAliap&, ore riAulting From a fall in Boiobay. which 
laid me up for a week or bo with a bafi U:^. and the other from the 
cavernous, tomb-like nature of Indian hotels, whicli so complAlely 
sucotwd in excluding euusliine and namxtEi tJio-t oao ^ol» tliillc^ lo 
the very bone, And in eonaequence, T, being oonipolled to rcniain 
indoors and keep my leg up, 8Ui?curnbi>d to one oE tho worst colda 
I have Ixad for aonio yoarH past. However, I ara getting better now. 
Lluuik God- I nm able to get nut into ihe sunsliine, and that ie 
doing more U> euro my cold than all tlii^ phyfiia, although, truth to 
confess, I have been largely potiiig n boi of bweetmcot« wliicli my 
nephew hoB in hie portmant.eau, and whioli lie haa been innocently 
led to believe are hoinceopatliic mcdicLnes^ 

" Aa rogardfl InJia, I never Rt*t tired of this wonderful country, 
and Benares, in which T am now iftaying, is tn mnny re»<pects one 
of the moat int^rcafing plflPPS in all India. It la indeed a oity 
^wholly given to idolatry;^ whi?ro tho hauct of ohange falla so 
lightly t}iat ita very impurity rs conBidered Rftrrod, and ita templea 
are in lome casoa inohes deep in putrid offal.'' 

On the journey bome^ he wrote — 

" I am feeling, thanh God, fairly wtill, inepiieef p(Lrflifli«ntatt«mpta 
on the part of a bipod whom the Royal Mail Company avvc to bo a 



LETTERS or TBAVEL 



m 




•AT 



(wlol 



Ob hii Tvtnm bome be wv ftbl» to t^kc op hn wovk tuvt 
Tigoroarij tkan kftd been tfa« cue for m long lime, uid »«a 
gnatlj owu| we J with tbe subject of An EodowtDcut Ftiivi 
Bat in Febnukry. ISSS. he wu agua obUged to )mv« Rnghmt, 
moA mtket m hm takkd becMMB <d Ifae aieeaHfiil pngns of 
tUi nmd^ ]>iiring his mbMOoe, be vrotft rery regululT to hie 
b07*t «nd from tiwde k^ten I hAre madb tfa^ following ^loerptB — 

'-Wcfl. let mo tftke upmjpftmblie Irom tJwtkiwwhca J aftidgvod- 
^ to • poup of IrwtiBDte laDinoan the {Bering Ovi iJelfofww 
end eMsBiMl oot ai tl^t bric^<elted* wUoh ooe hotL lawbtf <4 
St. nirn»Uii'i ffpoke of u ' As |iieelHrnt h^ ia the meiropobi^' 
on my wmy to I>o¥v, My iBgle feilnrfn^^Dsv in Ibe omi|«f^ 
mait timed ovt to be • ■hnVaelfi efaos wMnnfiMtmnw bom Muteitfc, 
who vee gomg onr to t^ra to oxemirie the method m whkli Ibqr 
wtrk UmIt Bteem Umnmye in Uut eity, be bang e director ctf M 
eleoa Ownwey AicDpeQy in Elf^tAfid, Hid hemt. Iicww*^. VU 

minifartty b bia boole. f^y don't iiuo^uie I *m su^i^ntuii: that 
be w^ of m tonaroiBi ^*T*""fc^**" by tiJe coproHkin. I hkn no 
doaha bo wcnld hovo be«a heroio hod the otucoekiii wpqubed it, but 
for ofl ihat^ h& ntfciftttly held to the bobv^f that Umvo w«e ' noUiine 
like kotber,' ond, honefft luoo, woe not nidiuiied of hv busiivoL 
He employed 5,000 hoDds in th« Eaauvd ooimtioA. Would 1 like to 
see bid boots T Why, of Doxirse I would ! Have we n«>t a boot ond 
ahoo cUoB at the Poly. T ond wn I Di>t> tbtT?for&, an oulbority on 
Che onotomy. dn xooco . oi*d shoeing of oui nether eittwnuli« T 
Hy Eriend did not put his feet upon the cuAhionfi, but ht- pulliid 
dova a hti^ hov from the iimbrWla rook ovtr hie bead, and ex- 
hibitHi quite a fine eelwtion of venniu boote and ehOc«, moetly 
at a lighter toako tliao would hav« Duitnl thf> luvde of cMir HaturdAy 
aflvfuooa nuublors. Tliey wrrr- vrrj- jirutty. I tuiJ. but ntrv t^ipy 
not mostly rsihf^ foreign in ap])r>aranG3 J Tliai, I wofi told, wna 
exactly vhat thoy were nLeont to be- In (iwt, ono of hi* rhi*f 
empLoyn^nte vaa to monufACtnrfi for^^rn-loohing boi^la nnd tihtva 
in Nonrich, and ahip them over to Pana. whcrv< they wero stamprd 
iritb a French name, and t<o-inipor(«d to i^^gland as giMiuinu Fr^rLob 
boota and ahooi. 

■'Hoirever. wbUe w« diflcuiwed th<« relative merita of boota and 
fthoee, of leather, foreign and Britieh, of labour, malo and foinalft, 
and of the public gerKToJIy, wo found oiirw^vnf running into Dovor, 
and promeded on board, clotohing what Lbe Yejikem woold cM 

M 




ITS 



QUINTIN HOGG 



toy * grip-pack,' but which ft plain Britisher deiniHum&ies ft *QUd- 
Htone ' — A nami* which an irreversuL To^ mjiggEisf^ vrs given to 
the aftjolo ia qufstiOQ on Account of Jt« o^tromo comprcaaibilit^^ 
it being capable of taking tkhaast %ay ah&pe dwired by the 
owner, if only sufficient presaure be put upon it. Of cotme I do 
net endorse t>te abov€, bitt anntxmce it in ite naked folly, to exoite 
the dGriAion aitd niockpry which it nianiffsFly d^iS<Tvee.'* 

He Epcnt two days in Paris^ and inspected the model of Uie 
Bastille, juat erected in the Exhibition grounds- 

*' Alter ptwHine llirougii tlirr^tr and viewing sume not very inteTi'j 
esting flo-rollfd relics on ^ith^r eldi? of th*^ rocul, I was cuVDated h^ 
a geotleman droes^ up a£ a Jailor of a himdrod ^oara affo. and aaked 
Thsthar I nould like t<j gtj in luid &ee tlie prisoners. TIiIb iavolTed 
anotlifir liHlf-frorc, for which T h&w some w»t modola of priBonow 
in vafioiifl atogcs of omociation and torturo, arid wm oJlowcd to f-o 
Lip the central diui^etjn keep and look do^^n on thu Baslille ileeli. 
While I voA d^ec^nding the ai-aira I heard ahoute of exejfement and 
then two or ihroiy ahote, and on looking up aaw a long ropo hastily 
flung out of tho windoiv and a prisoner, dreaaed in rcepectablo tiglila 
and A fihirt vfrv munh oteaner tlian nkoet BaHtille pTiflDnprq would 
liavo had tho opportunity of poaeowing. make liie oscapo out of hia 
prison, to tiie jjr^at exL-ittvnent of fieudanucs and jailore. Five or 
six Boldif^rfl. all clad in th^ dr4«e of lhf> pre-revoliitionaj^ period, IpC 
oH gona of an antiquafod make anfl charged with a prudently email 
quanti^ of powtder. Tho prisoner, however, eacapod unliiu-t, and, 
dicapp^ATing for B moment, rpappearsd on thft tjjp of a low range 
of buildings lying at the foot of the BaetiJle tow^. Thceo building 
woro sotnowliat of the form of & lean-to ohed, along the roof of 
which, covered as it was with snow, tho prisoner n^sde his way, 
puraued by a magnifioentty olad gendarme, wltose longer tegs enabled 
hinj to take fewer si-epa and coni^f-queotly to ^in rapidly upon tha 
fugitive. While t\\& latter was laying hold of one of the eblmney 
pota, the gendarme eucceiided in seizing his ankle, and in another 
minute prisoner and gendarme rolled about on the top of the roof, 
with the imminent risk, ko far as T rouJd nee. of both breaking their 
QBcks, pommelling each ether in a genuine GeUte fashion. At laat 
the prisoner got the better of his captor, and having given him somo 
Rnal and vigorous |iunchcis on blie head, jjitehtd him over tlie back 
side of the building into tlie raoat. He then paraued his way along 
the roofi dropped down into tJie moat, and preeently ran ont of one 
tjf the dooffl, piiraiH?d by a fr&*h gendarmp. or, poaaibly, ths ghoet 
of the murdered one [I am unable to say which was intendod), and 
the jailor who had so obligingly ehown mo tho wai-wark figures. 
Finally, the runaway waa captured, the jailor presenting a huge 
pistol of elepliantina dimonsione to liIs head, to tl^ intense amuse- 



LETTERS OF TRAVEL 



rarrai of the crciwd. <rho li:iud]3- cdiAflod aod h«*gy*^ him not to lot it 
off Ust h^ Eiu^t do himi&c*!! ftmom dama^a, a nault which I tbooght 
oafy too probftblc under the circaxnat«ao<«. Tlw o^iture d the 
pnooaor w«s cdetrntcd b; the qoUtq b»od of the BastilJc^ all clad 
m Orppfopevte dtntam. irtAMhiDg op the vonft ol the Baaiitk*. plqrv^ 
ft tmmphADt &ir in hcnoor of tbfi glio«t of tho de*d gendarme ftod 
tba horse piftol ol the diiuiautiTO )AiLar. I do oot know bow oHa\ 
thn mbove takes place eroy day, but I hoontly think I vonld 
neftrij a« Boon haw toktti my chance irith PrDfeosor Baldwin in his 
pu-Bchute ae hav^ clajphered iJcpog tli&l tdipp^ry roof co\ar^ with 
ioe and inaw, in the make-beliave attempt 1o cHcape ttom prison. 
I woold m>ggeet that aome cd oor gytonastft might Gnd a coog^oial 
openiDS for their skJl in tfaia direction.*^ 



» 
P 



TheDce to Rome, where he found an old friend eatritliahfld at 
i^voli, who had bought aome property, ftod in the ooime of 
exottvation^ neftf hta own home b&d discovered what is euppoeed 
to haT« been Uomoo'fi Villa. 

His impreaaion^ of 8ue£ and the Red Sea having already beon 
given, the next tetter of any interest ia written from Pmang. 

^'Ima^ne a eomewliat narrow and rather ohaUow duLnaet lying 
between a wooded inland, with hilU running up to about 3^000 fee^ 
hi bei^t, and on the other aide a stretch of low land, cover«l with 
fofrat-swamp on the eea-margin, behind wliich lie cultivated tields, 
woete lofMl, and a Jong range of hills, forming the backbone of the 
Malay PenhwulB. Imagini;. I aay, the abovo act^ne, and you will 
get a tolerably eccnratfl idea of tha plaf^ Our flhip was imnkwUately 
aut r ouu dpd by a niunbnr of fiampand, oa they ard calli^ hore — 
Teasels ofiarp at the bows and very wide and square at the stem, 
whicrh are managed witii a g<H>d doal of di^xt^rity by the Malaya. 
We aoon Eouod ourselvce and our tu^^aikge in one of these boato. 
f»^^p^^^^"£ for the sliore. about a quarter of a mile dlstanl. and Penang 
being a tree port, we had no iTOuble with Ciutom House regulationa 
or searching beggage. In foci, Iheee eettlcmenta in the Straita of 
Malacca are the lODBt convenieDt plaoee you con inwgJTiw in this 
leopect. Nothing ia taxed* not even tobaceo, and ahnoat the entire 
re ve n u e ia raised from two aouroes. namely, opiiun and aleohoL 

On anriving at our home, out cornra an Indian huUer with a 
salaam, and some HindiHtAni words of welcome. Behind bim 
ctands the cook, a Tiuidl. olsa from India, but talking an entirely 
difTcrent languagOf while cloec by atand:^ a Cliin(«<e ctxtUe, who «an 
nndfntaad neither oF the other two, and rejoieee in a longnagn 
of hia own. Vou will obeervo tliat if we have not come to LilJiput, 
at any rate we bave cone Uj Polyglot, and a man oeeda to hare tho 




viarwitility of Elihu BuTTitt to commuaicate with the vwiotu human 
bfiin^ who will attend to hia wocta. 

" The town ot Pemuig itself ia fe&rfully hot. and very glaring. 
Those who care for aport have a very ffood chftoo© ol ftaikfymg 
Uieip prooliviticB, oitbcr with gun or with rifle. The Province of 
Welkoley is, I belitiveit atmoet witliout t^Kajptionp Uiq beet snip^- 
ehooting ground in the wrtrld, and from Oc^tober to Fcibniftry the 
whole lai^d literally oncna^ with these toothaomi? little fklicocim, 
wliiuh are bo ftLl and flouri^Li^^^ that tJiey Jmve not yet learfi^ tlia 
di?«irouft ways of flight, and thfs erratic poura^ oo tbo wing, which 
Eoakca theif Britiab oousina so difficult to brir;g down. Anybody 
w}u> ia at all a rtnaonably goad ahot« ^^n, without the omalleat 
diffloulty, bag a hundnvd ooupio of snipe in a few houn, oven if ho 
should miss in th& operation a haodred couplo more. ThlA aounda 
like eiaggeraUoni but it i.B no absolute fact* although its Inherent 
irapNfcbfthiltty ltd to rather an amuaing Bcene, aomewhat on the linp« 
of tho old fitory of the sailor r^joounting opooryphal wonders to hia 
mother at home, wliicii were all grcrxUly awftlli.rwtid till \\a inuideiitaUy 
nu^ntionsd flying-fifih. on whicti the old lady daolared ahe could 
believo noil onough in mountains oE BUgar and rivere of ram, but 
that Sail with tvlng^ were altogether too mucJi fur hisr gutlt-t. Well. 
B9 1 was nayingj a Homewliat similar incident took place not niony 
wooks ago. A man — opinions diFTfr oa to whether I ought to call 
him a gentleman — ivunt humo from tlio Province of Wolloftley and 
b«g&n to tell HOme oE hia friends in tho Engl iah ahirBB of tlio wondorf ul 
eights ho had aeon in tho httlo diatriot where I am living. He 
eolerniJy declared tliat out of his bungalow windows you could aoe 
the olt^pliactn brcw^ing in the cane piecM* rhinoceri wallowing in 
the pxmt tronvhcfl, while tigere emtanglod themBclva in tho lawn 
tennia neb, and panthers and leopards lost th&ir way in liia flower- 
beds. In faot, he gavo a hind of geni-ral desi^ription of the bungalow 
in which I have the honour of residing which would rocall to raoet 
men's minda those pictures of Noali'a Ark or tlio Garden of Eden 
which wo used to be Rhovm as nhildren, where Adam waa bupily 
ongagod naming the beaela of the tield or Noah in marshalling hia 
obedient hordes for their cruise in the ark. His friends liatoned to 
tluB in the grai^et poFwible manner, and began eeriously to cionteim- 
plata talcing a trtp* with a few big rideSt to the Malay Peninaula, 
when in an unfortunate moment the murabor aHppod into fact, and 
declared that the snipe were so nomeroua that one hundred or hundred 
and 3fty oouple in one day would bo no extraordinary bag. At 
this hia audience burst into incredulous lauj^ht^r, and be^^an even 
to doubt hia other Konlngrral reminiacHncos on tliii utrongtli of thia 
strictly acQurabo statenLi^nt which he had given about the snipe." 

The next letter is dat«d from Batavia, the capital of Java. 
'* I ran dono from Penang to Singapore in a Briti^li India ateamer. 



^ 
N 
^ 

h 



^ 

n 
h 



L£TrEfm OF TRAVAIL IBI 

ipcmt a Tew da^ m the latter pLuw, and tben got on t»ard s Frtmch 
eteeuaer ftud fouud my way lo Juv^t an ialaniJ onr^u la the pafwoeaicm 
of EnglAnd, but one of those iinrj:niBidered triflee wluoh we gavE« 
Aw^y in 8 tit of gcnoroeity, and which hoe been wortJi from 
il,OO0,(K)O to £2,000,000 rtorling a yi^^iT to HolUnd ever amoe. Tho 
Dutch are by no meanR imaw&re of their own importviis an owoem 
of such co&ajderable iAlande as Java and SuiUAtra. One of them, 
who wae on board blie ateomer with me on my way down to BatAvia, 
gfAnfy infonned ino that the lAtUx ciiy oocnpied an ama fully oh 
largo as that of Londorv, in proof of which ho adduct'd the fact (TJ 
that it took an ezprees tr-aia forty-Gve nuDuLeA to run through 
BuAvia I To my own grcftt tr^dit let it be recorded in thi*e ^agffl. 
that I bsteiwd to thia ofltoiuiding asbi'^rtion with a coimtenanco of 
abaoluto gravity, and, ia reply, morcly informed niy friend that ho 
liad wry much over-petimated th^ fln» of Landon, for tliat on 
expnaa train oould mn through the latter vdlage in fiitaen minut«a. 
Indeed, 1 could not heTp feeling a conaLderabJe amount of reepoot 
tor ttie vividniKH of the imagination Hldch cotiEd undertake Lo 
faUier aoeh an aesertloji : but wbetli^r Mynheor quil« undi?retood 
fhe respective aizee of the two citioa, tlie one of whidi was three 
(im4« the diomBtBT of the other, T am not so hut^ We took jiut 
torty-oight hours running dowa Iroiu birtgapore to Batavia, or, 
ratiipr, 1 should say, to iPanjony Friok, which act« aa Ob port. 
AJthough I cannot quite emiorsa the enthufiiBfitic description 
of my Duteh friend on board tbe Btearoer, Batavia is a very 
big oily if you count only ite square milte. It certainly dora take 
a moat aatomaliiug lime to drive from one end of Uie city to the 
oth«c, (or the atreet« are wide and planted with treos, and the boLun 
love to retire mto thecr own compounds ard gardens, and to rejoice 
in little private pieces of land facing on the street behind." 

Tlie tnealfi &t the Dut^^h hotel at which he stayed were rather 
trying Co English tastes ! 

" A kind of moderate breakfoei ie indulged in about aeveu or eight 
o'clock, and at half-past twelve ev**rybody tumfi our, often (so far 
aa this hol^E is eoncemed, at any rate] in what ia practically their 
night-drc«, for a Htupendous and outra^eoiuily heavy meal. The 
firet diah. with which oveiybody miut begin thia all -important 
mid-day dinner, or breakfast, as the EngJish would call it, ia of a 
raxiety and solidity more suitable to the Arctia regione than tropical 
dimatfu. where fctod should be as little heating and comM-quently 
as much vegetable as poeaible. The first thing handed to you 
is rice, of which you put a pU-iitifuJ supply into the HOup-plato, 
Ukd come an array of Iwtwet-n Crwenty to f(Tt> dislitu and flavours, 
pertiotu of all, or, at any rate, of most of which, are erpKited to 
find Lboir way into your capacioua aou|/ plate Fried Bah, stewed 




QtlKTIN HOGG 



chickon, rosst dbiclEOti, poppers, pottttoov, Frcoch beuis, vegoUkbl^ 
ftnd ether ciutim, Bcfmbay duckii. vFrrmicQlli. hashed and minced 
remn&dM of the previous day's dinn^. prawnH, about l^n difiCT«nt 
of hoi relishes, elicod cucumbers, ml psppers, and, in fact 
GOUCoivaJ:ile and mconceivable form of food goea to make uv 
this flrat fcArful redmibl with which Mynheer fortifiaB his middAy 
fneai- Your Eoup plate at firet, aa \a common Ic raoat soup plal*, 
JA of a concave shape, but gradually, as yuu add to your «T«r- 
inorea«ing More oF viandn, it risoa to a Itn^ plain, and finally BiwiRnt« 
Iho form of Ehn active volcano, with a giat^t oratcr on the top, from 
whicli* if the viands wort ooly properly hot (whicJ* I regr*it to aay 
Ui^y seldom are) nouM aacond tho BmoklriE savour oF varioiie meata, 
worthy of that dUh of salmagundi of which Byron used to Ring, 
The eepeciaJ terror of thia particular diflli ie, that ymi neivtT know 
iriien yoTi ^t to the end of it, T am efraid 1 have usod a wrong 
VjEpreHsion* for aa to getting to the vad of what linda ita way to your 
plate, that is an achicveincnt I i^evf^r vintured to hope for in my 
irildtwt drRomH, My utmoaL eipectation ia ta kulvh ed in lunncllin^ 
in various directions, without brirt^TLg down the orator on to the 
tablu-cLoth, Thia form of attack ibdda an entirely now rxperienco 
of gambling into yoiir food, aa you are qiiii« iinuware es to what 
flavour you may st^iko, as you Bink your shaft through the variou3 
strata of your pile, and in the event of ita being aatbfotctoiry you are 
quite unable to reproduce it, as it is compoinided by the fortuitaua 
(ongregaTion of aoroo twenty different disbea. The first day I 
found this diah eicoedivoly amusinjc ; the souond day I began to 
tiiink T shoritd like it ; the third day I found it Homewhet wE^ari^uime ; 
and now I piropJy loathe the sight of it, MynJieoTn however, is 
affected with no nuch lovo of ohanciE* Hia dii^retion ia tut aotid as 
his own stone dettiiv^vn ogt^rrmt thv aea. tyud to a chowfu] aocoinpont- 
nient of apoon and forl^, insfcnd of pirk&js and apade, ho reducnj 
tho side of his bill, and finally, not only tliakce it to its very founda- 
tion, but caiiHOH It to Jiaaitpciarp and to be L-oat inlo the greet sea of 
fais placid digMtion- I would not for the world, however, wrong 
toy friend the Dutchman ; you ouat not by any means ima^^e 
Uiat his efTorta ar« ex>iauiited by the consnniption of Uus litroic 
dish- rhit4*h atomaehs are oaatp in a tttemer mould ; the mixed 
ctratA of fiph. floeh, fowl and vegetable may do welt enough for & 
ftmnilal Jim. vveji aa a hkjful atevedoro arranges the heavy macliinery 
on a bed cf wood, hcxipN, N^ttana, or other readily handled material, 
Ko sooner bos the contents of tho soup plato disappoorod than a 
dMi itself follows suit, and on comes, almost wiUiout ox^x-ptiont 
grcttt ninag« of leatlipry bnefstflak. What bwomre of the other 
portions of the animals 1 have been unable to discover ; bnt at 
present, jso fax oh culinary cfTorte aro concerned^ 1 should judge that 
Javanese oien are alt steak, whicilt perliajiv aecounte for the ex- 
tremoly lean and leathery nature of the article in questioQ, Of 



■ 



LEITESe OF TRAVEL 



im 



ooun^t jl the pool BDinu«] hu to grov «iich an abnormal quentity 
of etenk> one maet not be eurjirised at lU edible qunli[i«4 HufTering 
Bomewhat, Aft«r the steak cGra&a aaoth^' duii of rrje&t, and then 
friltcsB, ejtbei of banana or pineapple, follow«J with bread and 
c ho cwi, and v&riciuB kinds of fruit, tlie v}ioIa betug vraalied down 
with ie^ beer, cr, in CJie cAse of a few delicate etomaclis, claret and 
water. PmaLly, let mc say that ihe Dutchman wiaol; doce the opfy 
thing pofleibtn aft^ eufh a meal — he goes to bed and to t^iwp. and 
doo» not reappear until Tour o'clock brings with it a ecxiler etmos- 
phero QTtd a cup of ten. TJion follows a bath, chonpo of lioL-n, a 
drive in the open air, and, 5niill}, another heavy dioDer at oight 
o'cloclc 

" HoTirev*^, I nniat now tloeo LhU up, or you will think Ijiat my 
Irtt4.ir is afi long as thi? DiiLcfunan's lunch, so onco niott< good-byt^ 
T need not aa.y t H«nd w,y wormtct love tc all the old facee, whom I 
tliink of eo often, and I ohoutd like Ui do tho aame to tbo nev follow! 
who are coming in while I am avay> and vhcee acquairitoDce T 
hope to mako, if all is wt^ll, n^xt autumn. May God blena you all. 
dear foUowsi and make the Institnte all that it ehonld be in Uia 
aight. "yours aHwtionatolv, 

From BatAvia be vi»il^ Buitenzorg, nearly 1,000 feet «bove 
JevtJ, whei« there 



N 
h 



' ia porhapa the most perfectly kept and richly cndcwod* from a 
botanbt'« point of view, botanJcnl gardens in the w^iirEd. I cannot 
even giiOHB at the nunit>er of nirea which they cover ; but t hpiy occupy 
a very coQfliderflbio epftoe^ and in the centra of a portion of thorn, as 
in a wide jwrk. istfl^nds the Govern cjr'Gcn^rora house. Ijih prjvat© 
grotindabeuij^fullof varioutikindHof Java^neA^deer, tihieh stray about 
at leieure- Not only am the botanical goniena laid oat in bi«utihll 
wuUu^ and sljady avmut^, hut a liirge ]KirtK>n of them is eoL a^e 
for actual eiipcrimenfftl work, from a coumncrcial point of view. 
Here, in a long line, ore eome ecoraa of difleront vwietiije of eugar 
canci all carefully cultivated and teatcd by a chcrnifit* bo that their 
aacchanne qualified may be made known to the plantfrs. Close hy 
tbena, again, are vnrioufl vaTieti<^ of ooHoo, capable of being raisad 
At that particular elevation ; cinchona trees, frou^ whoeo bajk la 
got the well-known febrifu^, quinine, the tree if^f liaving olv 
tained it« n^jroe from the Countote of ChinchcnT who was hoaJM of 
fever by a Spanish prieet sojne mitui'iee ago, who must have komed 
the vnliip rf the depoction from the Indiana of Bolivia op Pero. 

*' 1 have not. aa you may have jj^Uiered, altogether loAt my heart 
to Dutch wayo of living. They may be very nite in th^rmselvta, 
but to EnglMh ideas they are neither auJtabla to the climate nor te 




IM 



OUIKTIN HOOO 



that variety of conatitabioji ueuBlly found undomeKtb &n FnglUh- 
man'A hat, 

" The European c|u&rtcr of BalAvia ia really in m&ny reopooU 
Voy bectutifully laid io\it. Ttte hcjuees all stand in tJieir own com- 
pounds, Of little pflifka, vhere^ if tha hciuifW wore inhabited by 
En^iehtnon, thero vonld bo lawna and lawn tcnoia neiBj but bcdi^ 
inljabited by Diit<^]tnkOJi, the Ifttter, at any rat«, or? abseint. Hmu 
tbera Ih a ettvdl Eonlo^ionJ coUcRtinn in ooTineicicin vritli the Botanical 
Gef dons, whore amongpl other curioa ia, I believe, the only epocimen 
of what ie cnltod Lha lung-nosed monkey in ceplivity. Wo went 
one evening to pay n visit to thin aid gentleman, and found him 
eitting placidly in hia ea^o, nursing his noee ui a meet human mannor^ 

" Then tliere ia a mufleum full of interesting example of the arte 
and er&fts of th« naLivi« of the neighboiuring islands. There you 
Otkn ace two specimen hoada, AhrivclL«l up and moriEtrous looking, 
with which the Bomoo Head Huntcn used to grace their dwelling 
befnre Rajah Brooke toolc them in hand, and in hia portion of 
BomeoT at any r^te, mode bead hunting a capital etfence^ Then 
tlicrewere umbrelhui, oil tawdry, though aome costly, of silk and of 
metal, of wond and of pnM^ Chairs of varioiia patltirne, including 
one eonaiBting of a number of ahorp knifO'blod(>e, on whieh the 
wretched victims had bo ait * to make a Malay holiday/ I muet 
confess with some Ehame, however, that all the iniitrumentn of 
torture wore not Malay, foiT in one room there woe a huge guillotine, 
beeldes a hoirid instrument shaped like a St* Andrew's Crow, with 
trifingular pioees of wood nailed on to it at dtstaneea of eJglit or 
ten inchc«, Our Dutch conductor gaveus to imderatond that the 
Portugut«e had used both these inatniments of torture at Batavia, 
the guillotine to beheed people, while on the other instnimerit they 
stretched their wretehad victima with ^rtended arma and lege, and 
then broke their limbs in every direction by hammering them with 
ft huge wooden mallet, wliieh still hung attadiod to the is^oab, h 
ailent witness of tjie inhuman cruelty which had deetgned and 
perpetrated the crime of its use. 

"Of monumentK. there is only one whioh intoreela b Britisher, 
and that mainly on account of its unblushing mendacity, for cer- 
tainly it has nothing in the way of beauty to reccmmond it. It 
coTiHutfi of a Bhort, fat, dumpy oolumn, with an altogether dispio- 
portkonatoly amall lion at the top'; indood, it is nearer the size of a 
oock tlion that of a lion, a reference, perhaps, to the amount of 
ernwing it was ekpwt^'d to do. Wlien you draw near to tliis morm- 
ment. attracted, as 1 have said, by it« ludicrous wont of symmetry 
and pToportion* your curiosity is rewarded by ascertaining that it 
is put up in honour of the batUu of Waterloo. Now, we have been 
brought up in Elnfiland under ths deluHion that the Thikp of Welling- 
ton won tliat battle — a dclui^ion which any one who has (Tavelled 
on UiB Continent wiU be able to dispel. The Berlin picture shows 



LETTEEIS OF TRAVEL 



185 



lis bh&tp thp PniAsiariB won it: here ue our Dutch frtenda quietly 
Quoting A monumpnt m Java flTAliriff thftt a optiaui Dulj^hmnn, 
jrolopt LfUdoricue (Louis), at the bead of hie gsLont Myiihecre, mfi 
the re»l Simon Pnro. 1 hiLy espect that k fow hundred yoara 
hmre the wisfvurpfi nf th»t day vilt be demonRtistiDg to tfacdj' own 
perfect satiAiactioD that there never wae fluch a battle at all, but 
that it was a boW myth, Napoloon (ApoUyDO, the deetroyerT) reprti- 
amting the nig;ht and Waterloo the o(?ear, which endeavoured to 
ovvruuiue the sue, which, like a great dake (dm — koder) triumphed 
over them all by riaiiuf the next niQminjr and with ita raya fbayoDete) 
driving thn enemy from f hfl flarth and shutting him up at the other 
aide of tbfi world. Those of you who have read some of the ultn- 
G«nnui books will rocogniTo what a pretty littlf^ ^tory nniKlit be 
inade on theee \ine». Mfianwhije. the ^ lion ' at Lho top lookn very 
flmall compared with the ' lying ' at the bottom, aa if the poor 
oraattJTe were rather oahamed of ite company." 

fVom Java via Singapore to China, visiting the Treaty Port«» 
Canton, oto. He had not aeon Hong Kong for nine ycoK, and 
thought the 

"inoreaao of trade and praaperity in every direction very manifesL 
Looking at the busy harbour (one of the buaiest in the woTld, the 
toiinag;D goiig in and oat ol it not fearing comp&neDn with that 
of New York, or the greatest ports of the Atlantic). iL is difficult to 
realize that I<wh thart fifty yearvi »go th(* ualand of Ueng Kong waa a 
bvten, Qoglected piaco, Bcrviog only to atieltor pirat«« whoso depro- 
daiiona ^ve the China Seas an evil ii^ne among European nationa. 
and pendered local traffic almoet impossible for omall veaselB, I 
■oppose there ia no ploc^ in the vorJd, outeido fhe buaicet part of 
the City of London, whoro land U eo veJuable as it ia In the City of 
Vicioria, aa the capitAl of Hong Kong is called- Tt has cherged 
hands at £3, £4, and £6 a foot, and a larger population ia crowded 
togeth^ at the west end of the i:ity than oxieta, I believe, in any 
equal apace in any f^ity in the world. The port, lil» that of Singa- 
pore and Pcn&ng, ia a freo one, which, of cour^Ot tends greatly to 
JDCTCase the number of vcaeeb c^Jliiig there for coalo or freight, and 
baa aflBiiited in no flfnall measure tc bring about ita phr>nomenat 
■oooew. The waters of the hay are alive with craft of every 
deacxiptioD. 



He'n-viaited Canton. 

"Yon may imai^nH my BBtflniHhment when the Chinrflp goida 
CaiC^ on boArd and toflta-ntly naluted me by nam^. or, tliat is to BBy* 
aa 'Hr. llo/ which was about ae near aa a CSiinamOkn generally gate 
%o my euphonious pkatronymic The guide himaelf rejoiced in the 



uo 



QUINTIN HOGG 



namft of Ah Ciinip and I had waAe up my mini] bo look Lim up li T 
could find him. aa h© had taken me round, the city when I waa 
previoufily iJioro nith Mrs. Hoj^g. Think, howovor, what an extra- 
ordJn&ry metniHy iJiie man uiuiit liave : he had not eeen me for aiao 
years, and th^n only ior two cteys ; during thme nine years he had 
token EuropcfiJifl otot the oity at tho rat* of eovcral partica a week, 
and yet hu at onoe ifcogniEod nie, a mere casual viBitor, wlio, so 
far fie I knew^ had done nothing to deserve epeciol notiee. On 
quoationing Ah Cuin, howovor^ T found that he oonsidei^ he had 
Bpooicd reaeona for remembering me. He reioinded me when w9 
were viaiting the Temple of Horrors, on the occaaior of my laat 
trip to CanU>n, T liod ifieiBt^ on etopping in the middle of tho 
market plaue and purohusing a barber'a, or rather a dentiat'e* 
sign (the two occupatronfi ore OArricd on by tin? eam^ man). 
Ail Cum inioitned me that tho mciuory of this raid on tha 
barber's flign-board etill livi?d in Canton, and tliat he had often been 
reTnindad by thf* l>aTh''r in question oF tho 'madman from tho 
woBborn kingdom ' who had purchafied stiDh an important article 
of hia Btiock-in-trado." 

Hq then spe&ka of the competitive ezaminaltona, tho app&reut 
utter nei^lect of all religious mftttere, both ainongat rich and 
poor, find goes on to describe bis vu<ib to the prboaa, execution 
ground, judgment hall, etc. 

Uo returned on bo&rd tho houaddy. but before at&fting 
ho me wards, he went to stay with his eistor^in-laiW, Mias 
Graham, who had left England aomo eighttco months pre- 
viously to devote hereejf to Diisaionaiy work m Cbinft. She bad 
ntUcd in Chiii-Cliu, and thither our traveller turned hiastepo, 
ffiflBOraliamgomg aa farais Amoj to meet hiiD, From there to 
Woluu the journey vrajs made in '* nampoJiEt,'* after that in 
cbaii? earned by cuohea. 



"I eertflinly had not fljqiectfld any very palatial dwelling, and 
perhaps it wae juat aa woll that I had not done so. Misa Graham's 
froeliold conniate of a pie«i of ground Beventy-five feet by thirty-liva 
feat, the fthortar aide of the parallelogram facing *m to the atreet, 
Tho wall separating the ground from the footway wa£ built of 
broken bricka and Bun-thied njud, wiUi a flight mixture of mortar 
to hold it together, while the door itself was not unlike an ordinary 
bam door in England. At the fur ond of thia piece of ground Miaa 
Qrah&m haa erected, at a eoet of £30 to £40, two little rooma, each 
ten feet by twelve feet, with a ainaU bath-room attached, one of 



:rs of travel 



187 



which rooms Bertes ae a bodroomi and the oth«f as a flitting -toom- 
Tbe projudicee of the people wiCnoboliowMiaoGrikhamtobmld any- 
thing but fi one-storey haust) and that oE a very laodeet height, for 
they believe that by building bigJier ttian your n^ighbourB. you can 
eccQie for youraolf an undue aharo of good influence of the good 
fipirilfi of the air. leaving od unfair proportion for those dwelling in 
lowfrr houaea, Thia absurd eupcrstiJion prfivonU her from living 
at 0ufficiont hci^it from the ground to obtain the froah bre&&?o 
which might otheru^Ioe be got. though* of eeurbe* the fact that ovory- 
body elB© eonforma to the aaioe rule very much mitigalea th© evil. 
On the one aide of Mias Gruhoia'a property is a kitchen gardon, 
irtuob nooJd be a pJoasant enougli neighbour were it not thai it is 
manured with a defloription of fortillaer T cannot bo much aa name. 
Obeervc, plcB^e, thot I do not cwt ajiy aaperaion on the worthy 
Celeetials for uairtg any inaniire wtiifh will im[J^o^'« the prodauing 
power of their laiid ; I am looking at. it Holely from an oTfaetory 
point of view, in which r^pect the cultivation of vegetable gBrdcnfl 
on aimilar princtploa in London, would ujidoubte<Uy epttdily bring 
tbe ciiltivatior under the Act for the eupprpflsion of niiiaanetfi. On 
the other two sid^B run htuLthen houece. with their uaual dirt, noise 
and aniell — in fact, it i£ the intolerable and horrible emeltfi that 
auail ynu in a Chinece city wliich constitute one of the graveat 
troublce to a Eiu^opcon^ 

" On tJiQ other liand, John Chinataanp with all hifl faiJta and liiit 
dirt, has many redeeming qualities. He is induatrlous^ frugal, 
poTBovering, in a ecQfio enterprising, most wonderfully obedient to 
hie pBTCinUi, and, aa a rule, upright in buHineee, If a GiimviDar 
takcH up B long contract ho will carry it through, and not tfy to 
ehtifflc out of it ; and a recent Shanj^hni bank manager, in his report 
to hia directofH, stated that ho had uever lost money tihrough a 
Chinese finiL They hnve a very perfect flysl.em of letters of credit, 
and you can travel anywhere in China in mcBt perfect oei^iiraneo 
that your money ordefa will be faithfully paid by the man to whoni 
they are addrenned, 

'* In this httlo home — for Eiome it io, in spite of ilfi BitrroundingB, 
and, with one exception, the only real home iit that city^Iivea Mtee 
Oraham. Her morainga are devoted to the study of the dilneee 
laogiiage, or visiU to the female ward of the hospital under the 
charge of Doctor Lang. Later on ahe will, perhaps, visit the houiwc 
of aome of those'with whom ahe has got acquainted in the hospital, 
wlule ui the evening ehc will aek eomo of the cleaner converts in to 
too. throwing her&eU into her work witli the same whole-heartedneea 
and personal n^eotion that she evinced wfiile working in I^jndon- 
I was v(^ much Etruck hy the great difference in this retpect 
between Uioeo mifijaionaricH who live in the Treaty Porta, among 
Europeen oominunities, and thme who, Ulce MisH Graham and Dr. 
Lan^ settle in puroly Ghineao citiua ; the former never admit the 



Hi 



Chinfua to anythir.g lilro ©quality in their doalinga with thorn. Do 
Lhi?^ call to ft^o ihem, they taaat knock &t tliQ bock door, and bo 
received in soma rooru dovmstaira : aduiBsioii to the table or the 
drKwuig-room as an ordinary gu^t is quito out of the quffitJoit. 
Evon the native pastors, men who had bcoD chosen out iioia among 
the converts on account ot theij Bincerity and copocity, are not 
alTotrnd to est on equnl tarma with their Kuroponn br^hren. With 
tho mifl^icinaries labouring inland atl thia ie changod i tho Chrifllian 
coavBrta Are recuivtxl oa brethren and alaters ; they ore weli;omed 
to the flimpio raivkle part&kHn of by the miaatonortee themsf^lveo, 
and aro invited to i\m drawing-room in th& evoking to take pari 
in the oonversationf niugifigf or woi^iJpi which may he going on* 
Tha diffor^ioe ia JoBti that which exiHts betwectn a mArt in Londnn. 
who lirce In the Wcet End, and goee perhaps once or twice o week 
to BOme Edst-pnd mission to take a Biblo-claea or visit a wardt and 
he who Hv«fl nght in the vary cv^ntrp oF hia work nnd devotas all hia 
Bparo time and attention to ita progrosB. It scoma to me tho rcault 
in ChiikA mual bt what it ia iit England ; those who come in cloae 
touch with thnir ptwplo will }e<am to loi^ and be lov^d in Tetum, 
while thoeo who inaint on the Btond-off policy roay find their waya 
to thtf hooda. but etnrot^y to the lmart« of thuir ix^ngrt^utionA. 

'*Aitipr looking over Misfl GroliAm^i^ domain — ^f ?hich, I AUiire 
yoUf Bho wOB not a llttlo proud, cxhibituig to tno her Uttle bookshelf 
and voTJOUA contrivoncve for rominding hear of her Eugliah home 
far away in the Woat — we went bach Again to Dr. Lang'a and had 
aoine dinQcr, followed by a good look round tJie >u»pjtal. Thia 
building is situate about five minutee' walk Eroni the doctor's 
houHo, nnd oonnUtn of a few Hmall wards, dividffd acLYirding to 
mi>dica] rpquitcmontSi e.*j.t Bomo bodrooniB whore tljc lucdical 
etudente atedp, a little lecture holt about t«n or twelve feet square, 
on open shod where tlie ophthalmi*^ catira ue treated, a dinp^nBAiy, 
et«. In the lecture hull is a mannikin Buch a« th«y iifi& in English 
and Anieiican hoepitol^, by meana of which the doctor teoohee hia 
■tud^ni,a the 4<lementa of anatomy. 

"Medical work over, we onoe more flommcned eomo ehaita, and 
were carried Wirongh the etreeta of the city to the wallfl, where wo 
obtainiMl a nice freeh breeze, and got a fine view of the Hurrounding 
oountiy^ Chin-Chu lies, as 1 havo aaid, olmoHt at the foot of a really 
fine ItiU BODie 3,000 or 4,000 ffH?t high, and tho country on tliia aide 
ie nndnlating and prettily wooded, forming a very i^rpeablo con- 
trast to thf> barren hilla and poddy heldfi ovevr which we hod pofieed. 
The wallfl t-hein&clvpa were in rather a tiirablo-down oondition ; 
perhaps about thirty to tliirly^flve feut tn height. eJTectiial no doubt 
against old-time robbor nttaok?, but porfeclly nw-Uisa againHt modem 
Artillery. In more tlioii crnc^ plat'c thtro won a df<?p pit reaching 
from the top of the wull to ha very foundatioji, built I know not for 
wliat po/pOM, except perhape as a place for Utfowmg down thp 



LETTEHS OF TRAVEL 



189 



in cAte of war, bat whicb wna now usfd ea a kind of reoeptAcle 
foiT any flllh which coiJd not olhorwiso be very i^ffo'^tLiallj got rid of, 
LookiDg down Uiese, one 9aw Lbe bodi(« of oovor&l fE?nuik< babiea 
Ued yip m pieosa of matting, public opinion in Chtna candfiniiig 
feic^e infaJkiicide aa a very venial offenoo> Thia whole BQbJDOt of 
Uio murder of femAlo chlldivn ia a very terrible one ia China. 

*' Ibaaght & iresh supfrly of paper rnonoy at Cl^in-Ghii. Of nourae 
1 ahoold have been aeltcd tmy pricv for it. eo I aent Miaa Graham'a 
housenuiid — a boy, tetal about tmenty-fivip, who tejoioeil ia the name 
of Ah-tee — and B«ked him to invest a dollar for me^ Or coarse he 
is B Christian, and ia known i<t be 00, eo tho man to wlxora ho wont 
for the good£ eaid, ^ What is thia ? I did uoL know you used these 
things/ Ali-t44e wajifid till he bad f^^t his aelwtioD safely under 
hia amQ (tbore were grand papore of purple and gold for the King 
of Heaven, doUora for fiareiils. paptra but ono degree removed 
from common brown, for the Kpirita of the air, etc.. etc.), and then 
replied, 'No, we don't luo thenit but a man from the Waatera 
kingdom (my unworthy aelf — I feel quit* smart with auch a graod 
name) lent me in huy them, and he i» ^ing to tAke them to hip 
people to laugh at ua* and ahow what looCs you lieathen Chin 000 
are.* And I Faucy whea you aee them you will say that Ah-tee 
was not for wrong. 

*' After dinnor vfe went into the drawing-room, had a IJttlo conver- 
aation, sanfi some Eneliah hiTnna, and wound up with prayers. I 
waa curJouB to see what hym&a our Chiixtio guests would ^el^ct, 
and p«Tiiapa it may be taken oa a iMtimony in fafour of our friend 
OdUiral Booth, tliat one of them turned to tho SalvatJon Army 
hymn book, and 4(^lectod a hymn to tho tune oF ' Annie Laurie.' 
The worda were Full of moaning, sung in tliat heathen city, and oe the 
dear old Scotch tune vtont up from that little room. I aould aec a 
tear gleaming in more tlion one eye. 

'* There was a rather amuffing eonvcnation that Misa Graham 
overheard at the hoepital. Two Chinese women, lyin^ in bodfi 
next tc eaeh other, w«m diftcuHRing the pron and conn ol tJie * new 
doctrine,' as Lhey call the Chnatian religion. One, a new-corn^, 
waa of a aceptical turn of mind, while the other, irtio had been in the 
faoopital for some time, waa more than h&lf persuaded of the truth 
of the mewAge, A long argument took place, each of the two 
womi^n Gupperting the views they respectively licid, until at hut 
the older patient brought forth what tJie conaidf^red a convincing 
proof. *I think,' aheaaid, * it most be aU truej and I can prove that 
a part of it ia true. The toaoher aaya that wo are all made o£ earth { 
and look here, if you rub your hands together, no mattef how 
clean they are, you will Bnd, if you rub long enough, aome of tho 
earth eemea out through the akin t ^ It woe certainly. I ehouJd tliink, 
the fLrat time thai tJiu meri(e of ahampooing in cltAnmng the pome 
of the aldn bed been adduced in proof ot the Chriatjan religion. 



IM 



QtHNTDi HOGQ 



•'Aaotkot visit to the hospital wound np the day, and es we hu! 
to leave at Gtq o'clock thf) neitt momiit^, we ordered our ch&ir 
booKTB over night, tu\d also a hurdrai bean^ to eftrry our boxM. 

** I have «e«n missionary Lie in many Undd : in lh« wigwams of 
the Red Indiana, in Canadti> in the otmoflt untroddeii forests of 
British Guiana, among the negroea of the Wtiat IndiLti. in India, in 
Japan, and m the Treaty Pona of China, and in visiting them one 
hoB folt that, however hard the irork may be in individual cases, 
the miasionories liod, even from a worldly point of vieWj flnme 
eompenAfltJoiiB for what they had given up. They hod at leoat 
flOJTiQ home which they could call thoir ewn, »ome place whore they 
could be alooe and wliere they could get fresh air, wJjoleeume food 
and untroubled r«flt. Thofle, however, who venture into inland 
China, have a more difTioult task before them than any of thcso, 

*' The HurruundingH of a uiiatitorukry, situated hke Mina GrahAm or 
Doctor and Mra. Lang, and I presume tlie great bulk of the Chineae 
Inland Misaion, are full of what ia moat repeJlant to Buropt^on 
minda. With oU llie dlaeomforts of a greet ctty, with Uie filth, 
■mella, and aneleanness of Chrric«e life, with a contaminated wat^r 
supply, small choice of food and uncoosing work oa thoir daily 
portion, you feel Lhey have chosem a patlk which presentu fewer 
earthly attraetions than almost any oiher which eould be selected. 
Hon may prale o^ they wili about pliilo^ophy, education, and othor 
mear^ of raL^iiig the him^ou race, but they have yet to show \ib aoy 
other power strong enough to raake Tnen voluntarily endure such a 
life 00 this eiroept that donstraimng love of Christ, which inspired 
Paid in his inibeiuiuu-y work, oikd haa heen the mainspring of the 
noble Htand of most self-denying lives ever since, 

" The next day the Bteamor oome in to take mo away from Amoy, 
and I don^t know when I Itave felt bo * mean,' ae the Yonkeea 
would say, aa when I got on board the comfortable ateamer on my 
way back to Hong Kong, while Mias Graham turned her foee north- 
wards to reeume her brave, patient life of labour for others. 

<^ What waA that you asked T Will it do any good ? Depend 
upon it) no life laid down for others is ever lost. Be the ocflne of 
eelf-Bocrifice Calvary, or Chin-Cliu, or the Polytechnic, the old 
prcmiHe shall still prove tme, * He that keepetb his life shall loae 
it. He that loaeth hia life for My udce, the same glial! find it." 
"With kind regards, youra affectionately, 

'^Q. H.' 

LETTERS 

Mr. Bogg had had a pjulelon fient mil, ae he thought U toould h^ip 
aorttc mediftU stitdento in their n'Ork. 

Tlio bones came to bond. I suppose thn Yankees will imagine 
that I am going to aet up as comet-man in a local Hooro and Uurgeea 



■ 



i 



LETTERS 



»1 



I 



when I try to pAAs Lhem tl^rough the Coatom Houee* Some irrevtr- 
rent pprvon might aay th^t. I am little ben^r th&n a bag of bouM 
mywit I ThA okull haa boon duly l&ken. out of it^ box. and is now 
CO • aheU, potitpolj grtimiiig at incoming visiters* lo Iht nq omall 
diw^ODCfTtment of eome of our negro Hervants, who Lhmk the c?on- 
flignnidnt an eminently onconny cno I . . . You talk of my working 
h&rd and having plenty to do ; I really am 1e<ading a very idJe Uf« ; 
indE^d, I am spending an idlET time tlian 1 evvT rEmembi^r venturiDg 
npoQ ainoe I left Eton — not that I vuh you to infer that I w&a 
Idle at thfit sHt of learning I yoa JDost go to my tutor for informA- 
tion OD that 8ubj«et. 1 am living very mtich in tJie open air : (tuch 
work aa 1 do get through is very enjoyable. Tlje mommga are (as 
they olvaya are in this climate) ainxply delicious, I get up between 
five and Kii, aad iev\ Qt fur anything aiid anybody. I am (Certainly 
Able to eat more and digest better than I did m London, and am 
abo no^ beginning to put oo weight ; when I laitded here I vaa onJj' 
nice Htone ten in my cfothm, uow 1 am ten Btone one, and Homs of 
my clothe are really begiimtng to feel light f TbiB ia a aeneation 
1 hAve not experienced for Svs or aix ycora, and ha^ all the charm 
of novelty. Pleaee select at a diacounl booksellers £20 of books 
BUitabla for a Reformatory here — boys' ages ^om ten to autteen 
roaialy^ — interesting and instructive bookst illustrated books of 
traveb, adiool tales and such like with a good moraL Also twenty 
Beta each client and draxighla for aanie boy?, with boards. Send 
tlkom out hero for the Ouderfwening Reforn^atory. 



^ 



To Mr. Didden, afterteatdf St^eiary of JA« WoolvicA Foiytfchnic, 
and a forvter member o/ (Ae hiMUuic 

New Yobk, 

When I opened yorir letter I quit« hoped to hear tliat tlio Ooveni' 
ment bad given yrm the use of the httle ehapel at the Arsenal aa 
the oommeaoement of th') Junior Poly, at Woolwioh- T am indeed 
Mjcry lo hear tliat no move haa bc^n made in the matter. , > . Mrs. 
Hngg vent home in the Bl Dorado. She will have a very eoTd 
weloOBie in the news the will get of the buramg down of Holly HilJ 
for tfje seeond time. Did anybody ever hear of auch bad lurk T 
though I Buppose there is an overruling Hand in it all whirfi l;o8 
aorae wiflo purpose, which will some day appear. I am very ahottly 
going to see Mofidy at Nortlifield ; ho haa a convention for young 
mnn. eapeciolly those connected with schoola and colleg™, going on 
just noWp and he wonta me to go down and take some little part in 
it. Aa the doctor forbids my Bpc-^kixig on any account whatevtr, 
and my ptrscuLol appt'orance ia not pan.ltiitarly oruanifiital, I do 
not mysoU aee that 1 aholl be of any great use, but it Will do me good 




IM 



QtriNTTN HOOG 



1/t SM old D^ L.*i 1 ehf^ery fu« ftgAin and to fepl th« womt pnwp of 
his lionoflt fian[l. ... I do truatf d^'or boy. that you wiU get the 

institul^ you aeak lor, and 1 will tmd time to write to And 

wake hitn op, though it is gi?norfi]ly the province Of th& IrishiiiAn to 
eend torpedoes to the Scotch, rather than for an unworthy Bootoh- 
iDBti like myself lo «eml tiploeivD miaftivps ta Faddy t . . , So yon 
ftre afraid of being tumttd q9 < by t^ie GovemmaDt because QUd- 
Btotic is dt^iAied f Don^t you moke any such mistake. Vcu will 
soon liavc the Tories in, and they will be sure to be squt^jbling with 
flomftbody within nil we^^lcs, and will want anjAher threa or four 
thousand men at work to blow up Ruseiona or Turks or EgyptianSk 
or BDn](<body or odier I Jutit you truat in Providenco Eud the 
Torjfs. csp^ciaJly Ihs Tori», and you will bfi all right. 



WrU$en to a hoy from Indio. 

CAi^LFTTA. I January^ IBS? 
Mt heaa T., — 

Your letter of the reached mo yesterday, and thia being 

New Year's Day, 1^ uto begin my kfttf-J* by wiahijag you XDUiy 
happy rotuma of it and every blf«fiiag during 1887. Your coo- 
ri«iioD with the Inetituto Ikae ao far, I believe, boaa helpful to yoit, 
and may be much more so in daya Ic coiaop aa you grow older and 
take port in Bome of the loaay branches, no longer aa " little T.," 
but oa one ablo to hold youi own in the Inatituto, and of equal a^e 
with tJie other mombeiB, 1 wouJd williugfy send you a card, only 
I ir^akf^ nuro that you have got one from Mr. Studd Icaig ere thifl 
bttor rrsochca you* for you will not have been content to be ohat 
cut of ttie Poly, for the three weeka that must elspeo before this 
can recush you. ... I am, aa you will se* from the headirig of U^ 
letter, now in Calcutta, th« " City of Palaces," ac it is oaII«j, though 
I aoi not living in a palace, but in a post olllce i or> rather, m a part 
nf ona which happens f'O be at the dHpoaal of my brother,' who a 
Commander in-Ciuof of all the post offices out bet's. We landed 
in Bombay on December 13, having be>ecj exactly thirty days on 
rout«, and between the 13th and the 3Iat we made a very pleasant 
trip through the N.W. Provinces, striking directly north fyou will 
have to turn 1o the atlaa, for it's no good pretending you^re well 
np in Asiatic gpngraphy. because you're not f) first to Barnda and 
past Ahm(>dabad to Jaipur, wh^re we stayed for a day. and then 
proceeded to Delhi, ao full of memori™ ol the ereat Mutiny, and 
where a couain of mine,* who comroanded thp Englifih army at Delhi, 
and who lost hia life in capturing the oity^ la buried- We ^lent 

i D. L. Hoodr- 

* MT' Diddun wna omplayDd at tho Araenal. 

* Sir Ff&lericU Hogg, thon Director GcDoTbl of the port office in Indiar 

* John Nicbolflou. 



LETTERS 



1B3 



^ 



■everal rlnpi there and then trent up tn Agra, whM^ the 
Taj ifl situated, and in the fort aiADy otJier b*^utifu] buTldingB of 
white marble are to be oeeo. tlie accwimta of whieh >ciu will Hod in 
Vol. 1. of ffofne Tidinga, vhich yon had better tAke dovn from thd 
ehelvoB wa soon oh yon hftve pat away Ibe atlae ! fVom Agra wo 
went on Chriatinas Day to Cawnporei where we speat Uie Sunday, 
and than went to Bcrkftrea, the 8a«red City of the Hindooa. and ann 
full of wonderful i&emoriea from ita extreme age. In Europe wo 
think a good deed of ruins of Ronie ujd Athene, but Beoarea was 
of unlold antiquity before Rome woa built ; and to it, b« to what 
waa even thon the moAt aneient and sacred place in India, cacao 
QautaiEia sii hundr^ ye&re befOTV Cliriet. about tlie time Nebuoluut- 
nezzar c&ptiired Jerusalem, and ^hen Rome waa only a (congrega- 
tion of mud huta on the hiUa- JiVora Elenari^a we came on hcrf. to 
And ouraelvea no loiigor in an Eofltenik but in an European city, with 
wide Riref^la. large parka, plenty of white faH«. and Kngliali habila 
and cuEtoma. Wo expect to be here Bome two or three we^ks* 
making it oux );eadquariers whilst I run up to Darjralin^ to [ook 
after aome tea eetatea and viait the HimaJayaa. Hien we porpoRe 
going to Madr«a, where 1 have to visit a eugar estate, wliilst Un. 
Hogg and Lho rcet of the party will go to the hiUa, nliicb are tJie 
hf^h reaortfi in that part of India. ... I have wrLtten you a mui<h 
longer letter than ycti wrote me, and do you not feel youreelf hope- 
leealy in debt T I shall expect you to pay back your debt£ in the 
ahape of an alarmingly long letter as full of information and jokpa 
aa a Chrifitmaa pudding is of indigeaticn, a complaint whicli, allow 
ine to remark in parentheeifi, I hope you have escaped this year I 
And now. dear boy, before I cloae, let me again wish yr>u all happi- 
neea in Uio truest eenfio during ISST- No man can ever look baek 
on a pact year wilJigul being aware of many opportunitiee which 
he has wasted, and many thingn. to une the Prayer Book words, 
be baa done which be ought not to have done, and vks vena. New 
Tear'a Day b with moat of uo, aa indeed it ought to be, a time for 
freeh reeolutioiiH and prayer for God's help. You muet try. if you 
are epared through this year, Co make it carry away to Ood'e Judg- 
meut S(.-at a record of unnet^hr eameat work wlach ahall leave Jta 
mark on your diaracter for jjood throiigJi all Rtemity, and which 
ehall cany you into I8S8 a truer, better, and more useful boy than 
you are new- Ood bleaa youj dear boy. 

Toura aFT„ 

q. H. 



Darjrkuko, 

January. ISS7. 
I am sitting in a Email room up in Darjeeling, between 7hIKH> and 
8,000 feet high, in the Himalayas, in Full sight of the flnowy range, 
and the weather is cold enough In Tender a good log fire and thick 



lU 



QUTNTIN HOGG 



Engliah clutliLng nMseAsibiee. From Dorj^ing dovavftrda tho 
hiUfl have b«ctL o1e»red in moat plaoes for t^b gardene, Acd you &re 
brought up liero in a> inoet ourious liitio at«&m tromw&j, running 
Xra a two-Fti^ gouge, wliicli tw^iete ld and out. rvuiid t}ie moat uq- 
poudble mjrvFB. dp«>ribing figiiKfi of ^ight^ apparently mnning 
aftor iU own tail liko & diBoonsolate torrier, and ptiffing and OQortmg 
like Panckfi^ (ian't that l}ic nojne dC Dickeiis^ hero !], Coming up 
tonJay, a coolie Bat in front nr\ the buffera of the engine dropping 
sand on the nietals, tlie rails being escesaively elippory owing to 
rain and dump, ^ - - There aoemB to bo a gent^ral iinprvfiflion aU 
the world over {whether it \s well founded or not T cannot taU) thai 
wa havo oomo nearly to the end ol the y&^n of bcui trade wid d 
pres^iou, M'lietbi^r true or not, I Found this impreaaion esistin|f 
very strongly in the States, and. poming through Italy^ Egypt, 
and India* tho eiinio idea aoomii provalont) though to an ordinary 
beholder it woiild aeeni Uia<L the WJLra and rumours of wont* and the 
troubldtd aspect nf political life, render commeiviaL prospeirity 
unlikply. 






Written /rom the Straits Stttltmenta in 1889 to hu wife. 

March 17, 1889. 
I am taking advanta^ o£ a qujct Sunday to got my honi» lettcn 
done. J oay " quiet,^' but the tcnn only applies to a limited degrofl^ 
OB the thunder a Tnaking the houBo met and quiver he 1 write, I 
arrivi>d at Penang on Monfiay ; next day 1 came down here [Cala- 
donia Katate) in an awful beat — a email laundi, with no ptroviaion 
for EuropeanH, and rramnied full of perapiring and oily nativea. 
Chinee, Malays and coolies. I oould not ait down. The only tim« 
1 did BO I got a Ciiinaman^e hood on oach eboulder — ao L liad ho got 
tliroiigh fivif hours In broiling h»at> with a galvanlfied iron awning. 
It was fearful. At te^t we arrived. I foimd the engineer's houae 
had boon got ready Eor me. It is fairly oomfortabte, but not liko ft 
D«morura hou^i] — no gallury. no windowH. no rocking uhaira. no 
hanunocka, and, alas I no brcpcze. The lost want is a Berioufi one^ 
and only partly modo up for by a punkah. To-day there 19 no 
aorvice becanae there ie no clergyman, I havi^, I fear, an tin- 
pldasant job in ntore ; things are not aa they tUiould he on the ^^ 
eatate ; all the otaFF at aixoe and Bovon0| a>nd the cetatea Buffering. 
Tho job will take all the time I allowed and pOf^ibly ii^ore. and I 
ahaL bo glad when it \s done with and I am en route for Java. In 
health I Jwve boon eo-eo. I felt the hot, uncomfortable journey 
hen? aoniow^iati and followed it by two ridee of aiz huure eoch^ — (I 
did not know the diataneefi whi^n I started, and did not like to show 
lack oE intorctit) — bc^dca oUicrwork. Somehow, I get knocked up 
ociaior than I did, and am ruore roady for iH^iiiiie when it comoa. 

1 LittU DvrrU. 



: 



LETTERS 



195 



"^ih*m fn^fee loibiinhir sTuii," da wiso old Horace eays. I Am 
getting oil. Hie cultivalzoD and iikanufjicbiiri! ht^ro interest me* 
but the pleofiure of grrLppIing wrlh a new job and meeiting its dtl^- 
cultiea ifl not ao strong within nrw^ oa it neod to bo, I euppfiBo by 
llie tlrne you get tltis you wit] (lave paid vBjious diatrocling viaita 
to Qtyte. Cook, and saah like about your Easter travels. I hope 
yoa will all oajoy it, as indeed 1 am Rure you viU, you in cMiiig the 
chi]dn;n happy^ tliey in tho zjrei of the dayH ivEjich are givon by tlie 
goda oQ the tlkr«hold of lite to ppapara foT what is to follow. . . . 
I have juet como up &otil broakfe^ at or^o p.in., having hod a 
long outing with the nLAnoger. We weot a beautiful road up into 
Like hills, whefo a rrtw?rvoir had bf»n formpd by the fiovemment to 
provido drinking wator for Bomo of tbevillagefl* Od our roUim we 
visited the company's brict vrorbB. not now in operation. Our 
broakfast ooofiista of froflh fiHli, nl^wed nteat, curry, vegetablpd and 
fruit, Dicnor tho oamo, with tbo additioD of soap and pudding. 
At the moment I am practically on uiilkt aa I am not very fit, I 
f!an*t think why. unlnait is that the cliinate has a depressing effect 
on mo. (Ponoug.) I pame here yesterday to see the ageote oq 
eojn© rather iiriportant mattere- . , , I troatfld myHclf to a pony 
up the hill to a hotel called the Crag, where I ejtpected to liavc^ a 
fine tiroGt and bo I did, but in Hpiie of an PLwhU hotel. It coneiBta 
of spvfital nice little bungolowB, one of wliich with our home party 
inside would bt^ oharmiMg, but one nee^ to bring one's own '■ food 
and oervante. It want« a very big " D " indeed to Bpell the dirt ; 
but ths view ifl fluperbi 

BiNajLFOlLB, 

Marrh, IB89, 
We are staying at RafRes' Hotels which doc0 not look promitdng 
io far. at any rats; our rooms are none of the beat — let us hope tbo 
table will be better : indeod, i ani told it a eo, and at leaBt^ auoh aa 
it Efl, it is undoubtedly the best hotel in SiD$:apore> I fihould scarcely 
have known thin place again, ho changed and in(TTOaned ib it ninoB 
I wae laet hero ; the docks are quite twice the eise they appeared 
to me ten yeare ago, and j'^ou might oloioat fancy you were goinn 
up the Clyde a?* you ooraR into the harbour and heer the ceoeelem 
ring of hundreda of hammera en the iron veBfiela in the dry docka. 

To a friend. 

HOHO Kowo Clxtb. 

Mai/ e, tes9. 

I have engaged a very decent little bedroom at |1.50 per nlgTit 
at tliie club, taking my meals here or elsewhere as I require them. 
I am glad to liear of the inereoaed circulation of the magazine. 
By the bye, Mr. Curtis rather frightened me by telling me tliat my 
firflt letter was copied into the DaUy Nrwa, witli Bomewhat son- 
HAtional headingfl. eimh oa. "An alderman on a billiard lAhle/' 
'^ Startling revelationa of the boot and shoe trade," " A Qladatooe 



I 



in 



QUINTIN HOGG 



b&g,** «tA, r hope this waa not the cue. but if it wu. why 
you oot aend me a copy 7 The London papers havt* generally 
leift rue alone, m^^pt iu Lhi^ matter ut \er>' eruoi] pCLrftgrii|j]ia. I 
hope to goodoeea none of the papers will copy my producttoEia, oP 
J shall liATO to bo more c&refal of iriiat I write ; many little bits of 
chaff would be all rtghb iii Home Tidinga which one would thiiik 
twice about before itueniikg in a more pubTic paper, . , . I want 
to know wl^t you meen by calling the Mcrt^jn Ball ground a 
" decent '* une. I resent the odjootive veiry much i it rejmada me 
fftlbtf of UacBT Wilde cabling home from New York that he wi 
*' dioftppciinted wjtii the AtlanUv," or the Chicago man who oaidj 
that the Wifid^or Hotel in New York woLiLd be quite a conxplet« 
thing for tlie worki?r8 in Armatrong's pork bnBinft« f Somehow, I 
nevcT foal so well in tha £aat aa 1 do in the West, and, oa far aa my 
he&ltli gaea. thougli there tB noUiiiig to complain of, 1 feel a trouatanh 
touleney to fever and eioknoas I nev<*r fEtc^l out U>et. Th& changa 
to tho oool climate up hore has been very pLcasant, and I quito 
grudge going back into steamy, ininkaJileaa Java, witli ite horrible 
food, ita hot aim, and ita perspiring Dutchmen. 



Tt> a frUfid, 

Dbueraba, 

June. 18M. 
Aa to myaelf and my n^oi'eroenta, you have been quite wrongly 
informed' I cannot imagino why it is that jHTOp^e always aasume 
tliat 1 am doing foolislt thinga, and rushing about tlie world in a 
mad and roekte«H fashion. Ab a. matter of fact^ J am doing the 
work of an Infant and living the life of a dowagor If 1 don't get 
tat now 1 nevOT sljalL and, to tell you tlie truth, the latter alt^mabjve 
ia the one 1 think I shall porforoe have to accept. The trouble ia 
tliat the loea of rotundity in form ia generally aocompaniod by 
eiocK i>f aapurity in t^joper. and I fmr tljat the diaappoarance ol 
my fat may be the prelude to a diminuTion of thai placidity of 
diapofiition which lioe alwa>-a mode my eccretary^a berth auch ft 
einecure. At any rate, you cannot eicpect nine stone idne with 
dyapep^JH. to compare favourably with lhirt*wn stone and a good 
digestion I Ab rcgarde health) 1 don't feel 1 am making any great 
progran or getting very muob stronger, but I am able to eat. my 
relapan are of a slight character and few in number, and my healtli 
ia a great deal better than it woa blic latter part of leet year^ 

[Other letters belonging to this period, received too lata to b» 
inserted here, will be found on pp- 403-4 10-J 



vm 

THE EDUCATIONAL ELEMENT IN QtTINTIN HOOQ'S 
PHILANTHROPIC WORK 
Kudx ■ooompluliAd tura to dqmbs> 



PEILANTHROFIO WORK 



PEOPLE frequentlj' wonder what Iwi Quintin Hogg to 
traosfer his attention from the vpry poorpsf. and lowest 
oliwon to tho«e which on the Burfacp may not apfwar to have 
been in such dire need of assistATop. Three causeH operated 
to bring About this tranaferenoe. One was the gradual and 
irresifil.ible tendency of all good and ueefnl vrork to raise itself 
above the level on which it commences ; another was Mr. Hogg's 
dedre U> grow with hia lada, so to apeak, and not to lose toneh 
witb them aa they grew ohler or imprcved their cireiunatances ^ 
and the third was the altered educational ne^la of London aft«r 

Our acknowledged eupremaey in the world of eommeTCe 
ontil the middle of last century had eicerci^ a Bomewhot 
enervating influence on the national education, amce our pre- 
eminence in fluch mattere made it poasLblo for our forefatliers 

to ignore the inBoparablo connexion between science and in- 

dustry ; and wbilet on the Continent thia relationship had loog 

been recognized, and improved Byetoniatio methods of technical 

education had in conaequenco been intiv>duccd and ibveloped 

to an estraordinary degree, Enghind, from befn^ one of the 

pioneere in tccbniool inBtniotion, had sunk, relatively to her 

great oompetitora^ into a condition of too self- com pincent 

indifierence to the deeper bnd costlier necde of national eduea- 

Iton. The late Prince Coneori. who appeal^ to have rcAliied 

at 



flOO 



QDDJTIN HOGG 



the immeAAureable importruicB of the subject and thp grcLve 
dangera oE Erjgtand'fi altitude towards it. siirceeded in startling 
hifi adoptM land out of its complacent inaotioi] by the EEhibitiua 
of 1851, The oontributions of other nations to the Eihibitioa 
sfiowed tliem able not only to oompete with, but tc excel us, and 
startled by the practical demonstration of (his fact, the tide of 
jntBreat in popular education, which had ao long remained 
etagnant, at Ust bpgau to rise again. 

What waa the condltien of aifairs revealed by the flood of 
JDqiiiriefl and investigation that ensued t 

There was no adequate machinery for the local admlristratinn 
of elementary education ; Sunday schools, or voluntary and 
charitable schools offered the only poaeibiJities the poor had 
for acquiring even the rudimenta of knotrledge, and the majority 
cf the poor population wae not only uneducated, bnt absolutely 
and utterly illiterate; cheap efficient sevondary schools were 
practically non-eEistant ; practical trade instruction daseei 
VFOre unknown ; and, most fatal of all, not only was the great 
majority of employers of labour entirely satiefiod with the 
prevailtDg stagnation, but a large proportion of the upper 
classes regarded any attempt to educate ^* tha maeses'^ with 
BUspicLon and disfavour. 

Such were some of the difficulties bestrewing the path oi our 
educational reformers, who found themselves confronted by 
the herculean task not only of removing these obstacles, but of 
creating the raacliioery necessary to tbeir demolition. 

The profile of the Exhibition amoimted to over £186,000, and 
one of the first &tepi taken was the purchaee of the South 
Konaington estate, for which object rarliament granted the 
Bupplemontary sum of £150,000. In 1S53 a Soience and Art 
Department was fomidM under the control of the Board of 
Trade, but three years later it waa transferred to the newly 
formed Board of Education. It is so obviously advantageous 
that the control of all State education shoiild be centred in 
one body, tliat it is difficult to understand why^ in 1884, the 
two departmente were again separated, an action which led lo 



^ 



THE EDUCATIONAL ELEMENT 



201 



math petty wrongllDg and OTerUpping. The vritings of 
CWrlyle, Herbert Speocer* Mattliew Arnold, Riukin. Huiley. 
&Qd Lord PUyfair wen widely raod uid hod great inRuence 
witii the thoughtful, and by 1870 the reaction which bad beon 
BO alow to set in had produced a ferment of agitation. The 
next fifteen years were a period of extraordinary activity in 
such matters. 

Id IS70 the Board Schools came into existence, whilst the Act 
of 1876 at taat laid on ail pareuta the responsibility of providing 
their children with adequate elementary instruction, placed the 
entire population of England and Wa]e4^ under ei?boo1 attendance 
committees, and made employers legally liable if they employed 
children in any way contrary to the conditions laid down in the 
Act. It was after the eetablisbment of the Board Schtxila, 
which rendered tlie Ragged Schools to a large extent unnecea- 
sary, that Quintir Hogg gradually became aware of a far 
greater eduoatlonal need among the wage-earning classes — the 
need for practical trade instruction. Our leading thinkers had 
realized the truth (one long since graGped and acted upon by 
the govemmentB of most Continental countrieG), that the future 
welfare of n&tionaJ industry largely depended on systematic 
and modemizod methods of technical instruction ; but it had 
been left to tjuious philanthropioaily inclined itidiTiduals to 
make any eilort to supply thie want in England. Aa early &a 
the end of the eighteenth century indeed, Andenwn had started 
an ukBtitution in Glasgow for technical and Bciectific instruction, 
the expense of which restricted its use to the foremen and 
mftsteis of industry- Here, in 1800* Dr. BIrkbeck started a 
series of lecturea for the actual workcrtj. These lecturea wore 
delivered in the faoe of groat opposition. '* If invited, tho 
mechanics would not come ; if thoycamOttbey weuld net listen ; 
and if they listened, they would not understand/" ' was the 
onoouraging verdict of those the doctor consulted ! Seventy^ 
Sve came to the Qrat lecture, and in a month^s time 500 m^hamos 
were attending. In 1823, lon^ after this pioneer hod Idt 

1 lAfB of Dr. BigkbtDk. 



QDINTra HOGG 

Gluieow, A M^cKuiicA' loHtitute vrAa forrped tlien, ftad Uw 
FoJoTitig ye»r one waa fomi&Uy o|WQ«d in Loodoo. luidipr Dr< 
Bidcbeck^s itkitiatiTC and ^uid&aco. Mviy of out gre&i pro- 
vincial lowiu) were e^rly actively MDploTtd in trying to oope 
with Uie problem, hiiJ bs a rceiJt> Mechauics' Inatilutce aroec 
all over the country. But these aod many other «niiUr bece- 
GciaJ effortfi, thou^ they did great good, failed to atl^in io 
much ol their origiii&] purpoAe fu) vbx implied in the eetablirsh- 
liu&t of a uoiveraaJ AysLem of tac^uucAl education ia tha 
county. 

It waa indeed iDevilAble th&t thrae early mdcBToim HhoniU 
fail to ihiri (ixt«nt. for their promoters were striving to erect 
the upper ttoreys of a building tliat had aa yet no foundabkmv. 
The absence of nny sound baei» oi primary education renderad 
ft largo proportion of the working claHHW incapable of ajshuoi- 
lating any theoretic&l presentment of A^ienoe or art, however 
mmply put ^ ; the lack of aecocdflry education on the part of the 
foremen and managera e«^ua1ly prevented their apjHvciation of 
the importance of the aubjcct ; wbilat the lack of Univemity 
leaderahip and the prevailing obliviouanees to the perils threaten- 
ing the national prosperity becau^ of the peofde^B refnaol to 
face and grapple with the edacational problems, made it tm* 
poMible to capture the public interect essential for the intvo- 
duction of the radical cbangee that were necefisory. We have 
ieen that by 1870 thiA laat and moat thwarting of all difficultiec 
had been overoome, and both State and country were exercised 
in endeavouring to improve the esisting state of afTain. Theii 
attention was mitinly {and rightly) tum^ to the training of 
the children of the nation^ and the provieion made for theia in 
the Elementar? Education Act of 1870 was widely diacuaaed 
and exercised great influence on public opinion- The cause 
of industrial education received renewed impetiie From the 
pervading activity ; in 1874 Mr. 8oUey founded the Artizan's 
Lnetitute, which did a very important work, being the only 
plaoe in London where praatical trade inctruction was obtain- 

^ All (be «uber mstitutwu primdcH] blackbobrd taochm^ only. 



THE £DDCAT10NAL ELEBIENT 



90^ 



Mt,' In l877acomiDiUjeeof rcFpreaexkt*taTttmemberB»Bppoint«d 
t>^ the vanoiio sreat Cit^ Compaaiee, was oonvened to inqiure 
iDto the c<»Mlitioa of DaUooAl educabluu. and to coneider 
speci&Uy tbe subject of technical educ&lioD, the outcome of its 
dcliberalioiia being the foimdalitjn o( Lho City &ad Guilds of 
Lofhdoa Institubet under whoae &ufipk»t examinations wonr 
held in eubjecbs iwiging from the domeabk artA to carriage 
building, phobography* and goldsmith^s work» and graDta made 
lo successful tjtudenta and teachers. Later the Fmabury 
College* was opened hj the same authorities, and Mr. MiUia* 
hijnaelE formerly ao arti^atL, and therefore well able (o gauge 
the nect^tiitied and iz-apabililies of the ctaas, and who for ye&re 
had Bpent hiinaelf in devoted labour at the Artizan^a Institute, 
waa induced tu become ita aecretary. Most of the instructton 
proved to be above the heads of the working claaaee^ and all 
Mr, MilliH^ eiertion^ failed to induce the promoters to give 
what he considered due atlAotion to the trade classes. 

It niust be remembered tliat education always played a very 
pTominont part in Quintin Hogg's philanthropy. He realized 
the comparative uaelestiness of trying to develop the spiritual 
side of hii« poor lads alone, and felt very strongly that for any 
permanent good to be accomplished, their physique and minds 
must alao be cultivated,' It was in the endeavour to aaatst 



" TTw i.Vnrldng Mf*'i Irut.itiiE** was not techmcal, wid tbo City <4 
tiOfidnri Collpt'' rtA* fttifBHiJy fnr Mnrkn. 

■ " Hb (QiiiLiiii K»u!^) lir^aE] IlIv philantiirjpiu work tin mUrrAy new 
lined, He Htudiwl wtial ihtr loda w&iited. aaw tl^at nicreatioii wa« &bwnt ; 
Khat th« ]iE« lor whJcli the Clmtitian Chiirctieji wefe mtpring was a 1if« 
frunjmtAry, Qne oidod i pravidiDg a pravef msctiDg. btit ao gyiBiiA^i3ia% 
gixaii^ opportunity fL>r tlie itudy of Fhp Biblo, but do chbDce of jcimng a 
oycting, A ■wiTnming or b roving «Uib, nothing thnt fttl&U^ to mui'N 
body, a« though, lowoQih. a inan uould be Ultfti out of hjinsf^lf hy uinch- 
ing jttat one part oE hii nature . . . iiuitead of hUun|{ LhA «Dtii« man. 
body, miad and spiril. and Lriii^g the wfaola ol that man tc b«Ar aa a 
[antEnfti upon the individiial who !a to be Uftod out of hia dc^rftdnj cod- 
ditii^n. Thcfeforo tlic FolytrcUnio advaaopd bfyond all tlio Y,M,C.A.s 
of the time, and i 14 fotuidfrt na X reicQiubor very veil, woa t^xpoeed Ui n ffood 
deal of c^n^iirp nmf critic inr it, hocariVP, inHt^a^l ni k^ping himMtiF (o what 
wefp imriorKtii'ji] to b« evan^liral IJn^^.he ventured to aiMriw himku<|f to 
tlip wKrMo rio«hlA of tbo bfe of tliia city. ■ - , It wmt &u net uf cuurage io 
that day." — (FroEu a aemion deliveired bj Df- Cliilord at Wnvkboume 
Paik Chapel, Jaoiivj •2&, l«03.) 




9H 



QUINTIN HOGG 



Lliefle boya that Mr. Hogg's eyee were: opened to one of Uiobo 
grecklr gapA ih&i are among the fundrUDenta] flaws of our national 
educational Hystetn, Primaiy educ&tioti wob being provided 
for future g(^nelaticn8, and lii^her techoioal training was arailablei 
iu some degree for tho»>e who could afTord to pay for it, but in all 
thJH great city tJiere was bat one place where the working claflses 
ooold obtain «>ducation they wera capable of uaderatofidirig. that 
at the eame time bore Bpe<^ial apph^cation to their trader, and 
that was practical, and not cnJj theoretical— the Artizao'i 
InatJtute.i 

da many of th^ boys fittending the ra^g^ flchoo! in -Castle 
Street were enable through the training they receiv^ there to 
improve tbeir lot, they brought a number of betlerolaec boys 
with whom they came into contact in their woi^ into the radtUB 
of their beoelaotor^e induence, and he began to realize the 
awful disadvantage* the English mechanics or artiKans laboured 
vnder in striving to maintain their footing in the face of keen 
modem compctitioDi whibt bereft of any chance of obtaining 
the Bcicntific training neceesaiy in almost every crafts Hie 
difficulties of providing it vere not oonfined to peconiaiy 
ooneiderations, though these were by no meane to bo ignored : 
one of the problcnts in technical teaching; is the enormous coat 
of practical ofi compared to blackboard inatructkm- Roughly 
ivpealdng, the former coeta 6d. per hour, the latter Id. an bour ; 
and the Polytechnic Bndd that whereas in praotical claasra 
each student coste 25^. over and above his foee per annum, in 
theoretical cla»e3 tliie surplus can be reduced to lOff, per annum ; 
BD tliat unleaa the fees are such aa to place the claasee hopelesaly 
beyond the means of those for whom they were intended, Ihey 
cannot po^bly be self supporting. WhenHr. H<^ commenced 
experimental trade classes at Long Acre, technical teaching had 
no organization and could obtain no financial ard. with the 
single eiception of building construction, for which graotA 
could be obtained from the Science and Art Department. In 



^ Tlw Boaid 6cboob wnv Ifaan pravmied by Uw ooDditiDHfli of tb«r 
nCOov Don laaBBS "V pcwinoa mx idviibI te Mnn^ - 



THE EDUCATIONAL ELEMENT 



ao6 



addition to this* there were m&ny other obstocles to orercomc, 
many of tlifui pecitiiar to Loudun itself, wbeie the conditions 
have aJwajB been somewhat unique. Tbe rastnesa of this 
iptiat ciLy, lie lack cif municipal uoJty, tie imperi&l rather than 
national character, the gulfs that existed hetweeu cUsa and 
cLiw, were all fat.-tora that Lad to be reckoned viUi: whilst in 
tbe educational world Jt«elf the opposition of the trades unioiid 
to any scheme involving general instruction in the eraits ; thf^ 
HtoEiil soeptioiftni of tlie avemge employer as to the need for auch 
instruotion* and still more as to its beneficial reeultfi ; the almost 
universal Hyateni of payment by reeulte, with Its benurrjbine 
effect on the mAJority of teaehors, whose ideals were crushed 
into BubaerTience to the quickest way of obtaining tJie largeat 
mon**tary results^ ard (since sunh rpsult* are ljy no meann an 
infallible test of sound acholarahip) whose atudenta oftpn suffered 
in consequence; the absenoe of cheap secondaiy sehoola; the 
intensity of denominational jealousy, a serious difficulty oil 
English educationists hare fo contend with, were all obstaolea 
that had to be carefolly circumvented to prevent their crushing 
tbe life out of any budding scheme. 

The trade classes arranged at Lonf;; Acre must be regarded as 
a tentative e.tperimcnt, since the size of the premises and hnaneial 
limitations would in any cose have prevented the otf^anization 
of an extensive scheme ; they served to show, however, how 
great the need was, and how willing the mechanics were to avail 
themselves of any opportunities provided for their benefits In 
1^2, when Mr, Hogg moved into the Polytechnic, the inception 
nf tlie City Companice" work hod altered the dnanciol aspect 
of the matter, and practical claaaea could be arranged with the 
oertainty of obtaining some aid from the City and Guilds of 
London Institute, whilst the size of the new building permitted 
of their being organized on a scale that attracted attention even 
in the hubbub of Iiondou, a most desirable coneummation in 
the intereste of tbe development of the movement. The diffi- 
Ities tliat attached to the material side of tJie work then were 
isiderably Icaaened- There remained tlie more subtle pro bleme 



209 



QUINTIN HOGO 



of the ethical frido, Bsid with these Qaintin Hogs was pernlisrij 
fitted to contend. There wore, aa has been indicated, all aorta 
of education^ eScrtB ^iag on in London cootciiiporaHly with 
Mr. Hogg's work, tho majority of them entering czclusiTelj 
for alopka, a claes then {prinoipaUy owing to edticationni diflfer- 
GQces] sharply dlHercntiatod from thi^t with which Mr. Hogg 
wod beginning to ooncom hiinnolf. T)ic difficulty always atten- 
dant on tochnicflJ instruction in tliis cxiuntry) namely, tho 
absence of secondary education, which permits of a gap of aomc 
years intervening between tho concluHion of a boy^e primary 
education and the commencement of hia technical atudiea, waa 
in tUe decade after 1876 further enlianced by the presence of a 
generation of lads who had grown up without the advantagcH 
of compul&ory pnmary education, and who oodd not be ex* 
pectod to display much ardour bi the pursuit of knowledge or 
to appreciate the advantages incumbent on it, but who must 
be guided and influeacod in tbe desired direction. Quintin 
Hi^g had 00 ideoti^ed himself with the boys for whom he 
laboured that be was able to exert a powerful inffuence over them^ 
whilst at the same time it waa poBSible for him to assume (albdt 
unoonsciously] the [losition of a leader in the movement, and to 
speak and at^t with the authority and convincing eHnie8tn4«e 
of one who has given himself heart and HOid to a cause, and wbo 
pleads out of the fulneoa of his knowledge and of bia heart. The 
dinlinguiHbing feature of Mr. Hogg's work was hi« unceaeing 
iniibiU^rkce on the nei-esaity of all-round development. Tha 
social aide of educational, tlie eduoational aide of social work, 
tb(^ fostering of all influencee capable of refining, atrengtJiening, 
and f>levatii^( character, the recognition of man's differing 
capabilities of bouI, mind, and body, tlie considenktioEk of him 
in hia dual capacity as an individual and as a member of a 
eommunity, these principles were the foundatun of the ancceas 
that attended his work in all directions. 

Such principles serve to develop not only a better claas of 
mechanics, but a better chun of rueji ; atid it is unfortunate that 
the social aspect of the ijueation is so frequently Ignored and lost 



THE eDDCATIONAL ELEMZIJT 



207 



atght of in the eonetoot etru^lo to improve tho educational 
standArda of our country, 

M&ny of the difficulties that hampered the pioneers ol tochQicol 
education have beeo ewept away, OJid the outlook h(U9 beeii so 
improved and altered that oiperta are a^^reed tJkat so far aa the 
provision of evening technical instruction for working men ia 
concerned, England, if it doea not actually occupy a leading 
position, etonda veiy favourably aa compared witJ\ America 
or Germany. This condition of aflaira muat be largely attri' 
buted to the imobtru^re. persistent and Belf-sacriticing labours 
of Quintin Hogg- With an instinct for a great need, be sought 
always to avoid overlapping, and was ever ready to co-operate 
with existinj^ agencies i his debire was to supply one of the many 
absent links in f^Iand's educational patera, to cut a road 
through one of tile oneultivated nastee that might serve to 
facilitate coramunicaLion between the different steudarda of 
education ; and bis intimate knowledge of those he wtu doairouH 
of benefil^g led him to du this in tbe manner moat liable to 
appeal to them, and to ensure their interest said sup' 
port. 

At the same time^ It must not be forgotten that education 
was not the only, or even the primary object of Quintin Hogg's 
life. His great ideal was to cultivate all that was God-given, 
noble and enduring in men, to elevate and purify the talenta they 
possess, BO as to make of t.hem a worthier and more acceptable 
sacrifice tc offer unto their Creator. Too much streaa cannot 
be laid on this fundamental principle of his work. "Depend 
upon it," he once warned his Sunday class, " you will be required 
to give an account of your talent of commoD sense as well as of 
any other talent you may posaess," Every faculty implanted 
in humanity, whether intellectual, pbysieal^ social or psycho- 
logical, was in his eyes a " gift of God," and therefore worthy 
of respect, of care, and of cultivation; and the means to 
develop these faoultiea should be placed, he thought, within the 
reach of all. He provided thousands of young men with the 
chance of improving their technical knowledge, coupled with 



208 QT7INTINHOGO 

opporttmitkfl for litenuy or artiiitic stndiefl, for socu] iniItaH«, 
and for phjHk»l dovelopmont ; and spont himaelf nngrudgin^y 
in otriTUig to inflattuw Ihem to 110a their adTontagw io the 
highest and noblwt nuumer. 



IX 

THE POUTECHNIC MOVEMENT 

Our lives mmt cliinb from bop* to hopv^ 
And rs*]ii« our longing. 

LowKiI 



tx 



THK POLVTZfrn^XC MOVEMKNT 



I 



N 



stbing 



a at last dene to aei the Poljteohmc 

on a more satififaotoiy financial baeb. The hiatorr of the 

moTement that brought about ao desirable a rcauit wa^ briefly 

this. In 1876 a Royal Commisalon bad been appointed to 

inquire into the condition of the paTOcblaL cLaritiea of the City 

of London* aicee in procesa of time many of the objects for 

irhicb money had been bequeath&d had oeaaed to exist (one 

man left 6*. Sd. a year for the burning of heretice); in some 

caaes the very pariahee themselrea had disappeared, 'Hie 

Bank of England and the Rojai Exchange between them had. 

for iast^nce* practically absorbed three paiiabca. and could 

hardly be considered fitting objeota of clianty I Another 

CDntributing cauae to tho unsaiisfactory condiiioD of parochial 

endowments was that the City had ceaaed to he a rFaidanilal 

quarter, and nafi chiefiy occupied by biuinesa premi^ies whose 

inhabitanta flitted away after buainess houre, leaving it bereft 

of any itiaident parishioners save a certain number of caretakers, 

many of whom accepted nominal wages in order to live there 

and benefit by the charities. One pariah, with a population of 

580, had an annual charitable income of over £2,000; another, 

with 6QS people, liad £4,086. The enormous increase in the 

value of City property had in many caaes doubled and redoubled 

the value of bequest«, so that one puHsh whose endowments 

brought in £S Stf, in 1870, received neariy £200 from them dx 

years later. Though in some oams the trustees had obtained 

permiMilon to divert the moniea, and had done their beat to 

employ them uaefuDy (St. Andrew Undershaft founded a girls' 

school at Camberwell, Imviiig only been able to diaeover one 

*n 



Sifi 



QOIKTIN HOGG 



girl IJcaly to benefit by one within its own boundariofl), ia otben 
tbey were wasted and misuBed. being ftppLicd to the reduction 
of tbu poor mtc3, tbe providing of dinnen «t Richtcond for tbo 
reotor and his flock which vrere suppoeed to " promote goodwill 
betwocn thcn^,*' s,jid afmiUr uc warrantable purpoeea. 

MiCT BJi inveetigation which ocoupwd two years, the Com- 
miaflionerfi presented tlieir report, the outcome being The City 
of London Parochial Cfianties Act (largely pftsaed through the 
exertiona o£ Mr. Bryce} of 1883, which directed the Charity Com- 
missioners to collect the fDoniee, and after settiiLg aside the 
Bbftre due to the cburch for eccle&iaatic&i purpoeea, and tb&t 
belonging to tlie live largest poriabea in the City, where there 
etill eiifUd a considerable poor popuiatitMi* and which therefore 
retained the management of their endowmeat^. U> frame new 
acbemee for the application of the remainder cf the fond 
(unounting to over three millions), which aliould promote tbo 
welfare of the poor of the Metropolis by way of education, of 
free libraries, of open apttces, or otherwise. The Commiasioncd^ 
were strengthened for tJiJs work by the addition to their number 
of Mr. James Anetey. Q,C^^ to whose eh&re fell the whole oC tlw 
detail of the work, beaidea much of (be responsibditj in deciding 
the linaiicial outlay; Mid of Mr. Henry Hardinge Cunyngbame, 
aud Mr. Edward Bond, who were detailed specially to inquire into 
the general condition of London, the work of her eiiating 
charLtAible institutions, aod the needs of her poor- 

In tbe eourae of bia investigations Mi, Cvmynghame virftod 
the Polytechnic. No one knew his re&son for coming ; he m 
merely a stranger who asked to be shown the ploce^ and Hr. 
Mitchell took him all over it, unconscious that he wa^ " enter- 
tAining an ougel unawares.*' hh. Cunynghame was unniensely 
■truck «ith all he »aw, brought other membei^ of his Com- 
miaaJoQ to investigate it alao, and reporl«) veiy strongly in 
favour of some of the cash being spent in that direction, since 
Parliament hod indicated technical educalton as a suitabls 
abject for tlie money at their di»putsal. and a Royal Commission 
which luu) been inquiring into that subject, both here and <ai 



THE POLYTECHNIC MOVEMENT 



SI3 



thr ContineaC, reported (in 1S64) that it *^ hod Dowhere seen an 
instttution where such a thoroughly procticaJ system was fol- 
low^ ^ at the Polytechnic-'* 

At that time, aa now, there were two divergent opinkma 
eonooming t«chmcal education. One school advocated \ho 
ODOCoaity ol large and expensive iosLitutiona for k\ie instruE^tion 
of Uie future leaders of Industry ; the other def>jn?d to infonn 
the rank and file. Both tbeae havo of course their good potnte. 
and both are of nationat imporlance. It w^. however, dear 
iKal the CoininiBHioners could ordy aaai^l the cause by endowing 
institntea} for Ihe lower aUw» of workers, since the temia of the 
statute which gave them poww to aiit. specially directed the 
objecta to be for the bene6t of the poorer classes. 

Naturally there were many other claims persi^tentty preaned 
by their snpporter^r but the fact that the Polytcohnio aimed at 
getting hold of the boy^, and making them into self-reliant, 
useful men, instead of patirhing up lives already ruined and 
wasted, appealed very strongly to the Commi^oners. Public 
opinion iraa beirg directed to the importance of influencing the 
young Life of the nation, and conF^Jderable iittereet had been 
arou^ied in the question of educating mechanics and artisans, 
Mr. Cunynghame therefore advocated the founding of Poly- 
Lechnics nionlded on the Regent Street modd in vai'bus parts 
of London, and he was permitted to approach the great City 
Companies with a view to procuring their co-nperatiun- 

Elarly in the seventies the public had began to mutter qura- 
tiona as to how the large funds of these companiea were spent, 
and whether it would not he advisable to place them in the handa 
of truatee«(, to be expended in more uHefiil ways than in the 
providing of vast dinners for opulent members. However, tho 
compaf^ie^ had been able to prove that their famous dinners 
were paid for out of the members' feea, and that they wore not 
literally "eating their interest,*' but that the monies intended 
to be administered in charity were so applied, and on the whole 
extremely well expended. Still, the agitation liad caused some 
of the companies to feel rather uneafiy, and to show ft oom- 



2U 



QUINTTN HOGG 



meodable dlepoBJtioD to further ajiy move for tho public weAL 
N&turolly technical educ&tion wae felt to Lave tlio atrongeat 
claime on their attentioD and funds, and after one or two indi- 
vidual efforta hj the Clothworkere and other energetio unita, 
the City uid Guilds of London Institute was stalled, whioh took 
over the tcohnical aubjcots Irom Hie Society of Arts, eetAbUebed 
esazninationB vith a system cf grants and money prizes, and 
opened Finabuiy CoUcge, wbich» however, failed to provide 
practical trade instruction for the workman to any large extent 
and appcfJcd more and more to a richer clasa of studect- 

Somc of the companicB responded goneroualy enough to Mr. 
Cunynghame's appeal* aome were very dour and tough, some 
refused outright, and others again, possibly as an aosertiovi of 
independence, were oourteoua and interested, but preferred to 
take up plans of their own rather tfian to aeslst in the general 
scheme. The Drapers, for example, began to show a cautious 
interest in the People^s Palace, which had been stftrbed in the 
East End after the publication of Sir Walter Beaant*s AU S&rtA 
ttnd CofiditiGT^ of Mat, with the idea of attracting the unde- 
veloped dramatic talent supposed to be dormant there, and 
using it bo amuse the general populace, and bad long since proved 
a white elephant to its promoters. Its chairman. Sir E. Currie, 
an enlhuaiai^tic man always ready to try anytiilng new. took 
up the idea of technical education keenly* whereupon the Dcapera 
promised to give first £40.000. and then another £20,000, subject 
to certain conditions^ Giving money to the People's Palace 
juat then was like pouring water into a sieve, but the Drapers 
having put their hand to the pk)ugh, could not or would not 
draw back, and after ms^y ncissltudea and hairbreadth escapee 
it was ultimately got into good working oider. The Gold- 
smiths started a Polytechnio of their own. Lord Cadogan gave 
the site for another, one arose in Southwark, and an abortive 
attempt was made to found one in Hampstead, all of which were 
in direct tmitalion of the Regent Street Polyteclmic. " Quintin 
Hogg had dared to demonstrate their possibility ,''' EUid the sucoesa 

> Hr. Cunyn^iama 



THE POLYTECHNIC MOVEMENT 



216 



of the [Moneer effort caaecd it to be copied not only all over this 
country, bat eTon in Am erica. 

But in spite of this, Uie ComnMaaionera' scheme of endowment 
met witli conaiderablo oppotution- It was objected thot Poly- 
technics were new, that therefore the money available ought 
not to be risked until tlie aaccesa of aucb pUcca was more fully 
aflauied ; that, if neoefisary^ pecmu&ry flhsaietaDce should be 
granted to the existing onee. but that &ny capital expenditure 
flhould be avoidrd ; that teehnieal education ought to be pro- 
vided for out of the tates.or left to the City Guilds ; but in spit^ 
of much adverse criticism, after aevctal years* work the Gom- 
missionern carried tlieir point. A capital grant of £149,500 
was made to Polytechnics; Recent Street oblaining £11,750 of 
this sum, besides a promise of a yearly endowment of £3,500. 
eubject to certain cooditioos, one being the protongatiou of the 
teaaie. and another that a supplementary endowment should be 
obtained from the public. 

The Portland trustees re^ly graoted a nmef^-nine yests' 
lease* which fulfilled the firat stipulation, but in orde^r to meet 
the second, for the first time in his L'fe Quintin Hogg appe&led 
for public aid- He atated that his personal expenditure on the 
Polyrnechnic itself (i.e. to say, not counting Long Acre and Its 
predecessors) had already amounted to £100,OUO ! The fol- 
lowing letter appeared in Tht Timfs, and had a most stimulating 
rffect. Tlie Polytechnic caused quite a sensation, articles and 
letters about it became a familiar feature of our periodical 
literature, and never a wcel^ p&ascd but one or two reporters 
dined at Cavendish Square, that being the only time their 
victim would consent to allot lo them. The majorify of these 
interviewB appeared in conversational style, but as the account 
in Tht Timea was probably the most concisa and useful of them 
all, it is quoted here as a typical example.' 



" At % time when the demand for higher education is heard on 
all flidcei wben It ie being token up by parliamcuti and when the 
London County Council ore ajinounvmg their intention of devoLin^ 

< By kmd pdmuuina oi tha proprwtfir* o( Tht Tmu- 



9U 



QUINTIN HOGG 



Ufge Bumfl of moQoj to it, the public wiU be glad to lenrrt aotnething 

of otic of the moBt rprnftrkablo aociiJ cipcriinenla that baa ovef 
bnui miulo wiilj hJglier eclu(3itio:i for ite principalp though not 
ita ei^cluaive objeot. Thu ib the Polytechnic InetitutA in R«f^l 
8(feet E it owca its exiateoce and \ia mamtenaDce to the energy, 
devotioo, and munificeiice of oue Qian, Mr« Quuitm Htigg. Mr. 
Hogg, who is the youngest son of the lat« Sir J. Weir Hogg, once 
Chairmao of tbo East Indi* Company, and brother to Lord 
MAL^lierotoorae, a the head of a 6rrji of inerchante in Rood Lani^ 
HJid for twenty-four ye&re — in fact over amoc lie left Eton — lie 
had devoted hiu doyrj to his bvu)inr?«fi, and almost cveiy qhg of tue 
eveninga to work among the boys and young men of Londuo. At 
first he ntAn^ with a ragged urhnol in the Dniry Lane dlatriot, 
wliicli aft4T a n-hile woe cbiin|i;od into a working boyd' home. In 
1873 there wae added lo tliti^ an institutioji founds ' for the piir- 
poeeof endeavouring to draw elder boy« from evil aurronndings/ . . . 
Morton Hall, Wirnblwlon. with about twenty -bp von aor<« of land 
attacJiod, ia aaw tumod inltj one of tUo Qne&t play^oumla in Kug- 
land. Every Saturday afternoon in fiumnier, hundreds of the ledn 
are omfiloyod in phiying crickot or tcnnirf ; during the coming 
aoason arrangouit^EitA will oho be made ti:> have s'un^ during the 
long winter evenings- It ia perhaps natural tliat cricket ahoidd 
form a groat featuro of the Inslituto programmo, £inco one of Mr. 
Hogg's priiicipuJ lieutenftnt^s is Mr. J. E, K. Studd of cricket famr. 
The HUGceHa of the venture han \v^ii astounding. More t.han 10,000 
boye and yoiinig men have their naniM on ilu booh^ ; already the 
second hou;^ has 800 youriy: women upon lis liet, moet of them 
tlie aiflteis or friendiJ ol niombfTn r>f t]io Instilule. The coet of 
maintenaiiuo amounts to betwopn £H,000 and £15,000 a yeor i 
tho receipts For fncs to about £9.0(K) : and tlio dclicir^npy, whidi 
thus amounts to between £5)0(>0 and £GJ100 a yeAr, hsA been UU 
now entirely met by Mr- Quintic Hogg. Thia being fl general 
outline of the pOHition of the Inatitutet we may proceed to speak 
in greater detail of ita f>riiic:ipal deparEmenTe. 

"ITia viaitor who nxakes hie way thither between seven «vJ ten 
on any week-day evening wiU find every roovn occupinl by numbers 
of lada and yonng men from seventeen yeant old apwiirda, (.dther 
harmli?aaly au^iuing (liemselvEe or studying in cfjLHs, There is 
a rofrpshment and reading room, where aomc boya arc ha\']n^ tea 
or supper, some art) reading the newepapers. and eome are ploying 
cheoH or draugiilfl, and that they play the last to good jjurpooe a 
i^Own by the fact that at tho laat London and South of England 
tournament the ehampinnahip wbh gaiuRd by one Polytechnic boy, 
the third place by another. Of one great room ingeniously varied 
use ifl made : in the ouniraer it ia a awimmmg bath, in other aoafionB 
of the year comfortably irarpeted and arranged wiUi chairtt, pictures. 
tablsB, it ia mada into the chief reading room oE the place, in 



Another or oertam days in the month yon may ?ee aoine fifty ni<^aly 
dn>49ed luxcl rather ahy-TQ<>king ]a<l9 3»t«l at loti^ I«b1c9 Bt their 
ttHk, while auTue twnior friends OQt«rtaIti Llietu wiiih mu^ic ood t«lk. 
These are the ' new fellowa/ who are thus allowed to imtet ih* 
great world of the PolyteohnJo in a pleasant way -wiiich robs thom 
wry aoQD of aEI Fitting of strangBDcss, and «nablnt tliecn to provide 
thcmn&lvM vith friends. Indeed, very admirable and sporial 
pro'ViBioii IB infMiG for th& reccptioo of now momberB ; tliro^ of the 
ftcniore aru appointed ' iipw raembcra' netTetarJee,' and it is tho 
busineflB of one or otiipr of thorn to be prespnt rvpry evening in 
& CfSrtaui room, ihore to rcccivci any tww member who dniirce uJorm' 
'ibton or who preftfrrs to spend bid evaiLUtg out of tho crowd. 
" PafiAing into anolhfT room we find a £>ebating Society in full vcrk. 
a yoong mac on his Icg^ pharablmg throTigh a apeoch on Uio Irish 
question, or declaring for or againab Churi^h and State ! In a largi- 
hall cloao by (the room whftre Ihoae wonderfuJ chemical ler^urefl 
uavd to be delivered to suburban children, and where now Mr. 
Hogj; holds Ilia Siinday classy) a rert-ain nuntbef of youths, unfor- 
tonAt^ly not very many* ftre gt>ine: thrnugh imlitary drilL In the 
other Btid aliil larger hall a much f^yec aight ifi to be so^n. for hero 
the pyimiaatia instructor, a colour-eergeanl in thf Gnarda. is taking 
hiH nnmproQH energntitt ctans through their exprri'^ea. From fifty 
to 100 lade are there, mcrst of them in Sannela, and for^>tting thit 
worhflhop and (lie rounttx in the physical delight of eiercise, Thp 
evi<iiLng windH up wilh the perfonnaDce to tho mn^ie of the bftnd 
of a sort of rapid tiguro danoe. aa eomplicat4>d and as pretty to tho 
«yo aa Uie lamou-^ oquratrian daneo in whioh Ai»caiiiuo led tl>e 
young Tr<ij»ns in Virgil. Perliapa aftrr this is ovpr. if the vistitor 
» in high Favour with tho authorrUiv. lie will be allowed to see sonio 
of the priio-winnera porfonu orj tho pajwUfJ bars or trapeze; it b 
no Gxnggerntiuu to say tliat nutliing (hat tljc^ tJnivtraily gym- 
riitaiuni4 can ehow can at all (compete wifb of approach the aklll 
of thcee young men, throe auctionoe™' clerksn tailors* carpcmtoni 
of Loiidcrn. It add^ a cjtw digriiLy to the draper's rounter to mflacit 
thftt the young man wJio slandd behind it arid meaRures you a 3'BTd 
of ribbont may, when ho is stripped among hia fallows in the evming, 
show a figure almu^t as fine as Captain Webb's, and go through 
B poi'omiance not unworthy of a l^vfard- CvntnaAium and 
recreation rooms^ howover, arc not beyond the acope of many 
o^cr imrtrtutioaa to be found in r*ondoa and the country. What 
differentifttes the Polytecimio from all others is tlie elaborate syat^em 
of technical instrucljon whirh ia open td its member?. Th^^tw 
Tuembcin, it may here be aaid, an; adinitt^^ on payment of a aub- 
Hcnptinn of Sa. a quarter, whi'/h entitles them to the tree nse of 
the library, social rooms, gymnasium, etc., admusaioa to alt onter- 
tainments, whilst for tho bechnicaJ ctaaaea s^tiall few have to bo 
[MJd. Hie t']aaAr<a are of two kinda, aolfuce and art clancs, which 



filS 



QUTKTIN HOGG 



uv hfitd ID I'jTuieiion with tbc I>(^piu~tmeni &t Soatb Kpnarngton ; 
4Dd iikduatrial rlopona . which are Lndppencleiit, but which aiG zaarB 
or Ima informiJly reUt<<t 1o the City and Goiidd of Loodon Insti- 
tute of Tei^liiiicft] loBlmctton, uid aIso to the LoDd>ii Tnd«e' 
Council. Thi> induaLriflJ oIasifa &fe sg&in subdivided into c-Ias^^ 
of meoh&ikjce and iot^ 'practical tr&de cUbmq ' for &ppr«miccs 
and jQiuiB norkmcm, aud it is theeo laet which ore the epecial Ei^ature 
of tho Institute, Among them wb find ciMSf^ for (he vBiiouB 
braDchtTi of ^ngm»rii]g. for cabinft-makiEig, cfi^pcDt^^ing, *(id 
Buch auhoidiiuit^^ dtrpartnifnts aa tlie noikkiiig of stairrasee «j)d 
h&ndriiilLn^ l vrc find oloffifs in wood and stoite earrings in l&Qi^r'd 
outtjnf;, di^-nriting, practical watch and clock tnaking : i^laaaea 
\ti carrjaga building, printinf:, land mrreying. kvcUin^, in plumbing. 
Uiol-ni&king, uid many olhfT tradtt. In all ihi#i- rabfla it is a 
flondkiion tltat no one ia to be admitted who >■ not already ciigaged* 
Bay aa wi nppreulio^ in the trad«s for the managien of the Institute 
MB bow intponant it h that they should ucit iacur the hoetility 
of Iho Ixindon artiEui orguurationa by turning out imperfectly 
tfaim'd antalmmah wttricmea to compete with thoee in the market. 
Tbe wondix » thai jamg men can be found who cafv lo apood 
tba «¥«nin^ in doing much the same wts-k as that they have becci 
MItplOyvd upoD all day ; but such unquEst ionably ie the case ; the 
tlnm-ruoms mn w«U filled with tads "^^*"c engine, carving wood* 
■ha^hi^ bnoks. or learning tha beat meUMMl of coltiog out cloth- 
Thew art' 1^ partly by thta gnwuino deaire oE kanung, and partly 
by Uw vriaXx (o bcCltv tiKtitteivea; for efarnJe, a yvung pLaatcrer, 
who aa ^-M knowv only Ilia pimer ek-nvuta of hia craft, roimea to 
Iha l\>tytechnic to leam inodrlling and oocniee moulding, and 
whvA tkc liMff loamt hia leaaon^ he p«*ba|« vuuervtes to Aiofvtca. 
and finda huuaelf abta to earn aomMhmg ]ik« foor tini» the wagea 
that he had bean aams^ aa atn^ pbetcrer in Loudoa, In the 
nrtginoorix^ rwuv, whwr thoc« is a ecvtain araoant of ciachinery 
wtvrhi^ by a n-u(ral iras^^n^ne, a dorm y^xmg moi may be ^eeti 
ppafomulK' inl>*4v--tii\^ tticnb^vee n the jomi^g oC a acnw, or in 
•daplu^ poiiic rv'ujsh-cadt bolt to iJm r^qwnd porpooe -, iha room 
U (till \^ irou Utl)t« and oilm aHMfl mMA^s, r^^y c^taB of vhkh 
liaa \x%^i iiuhl.^ and fIniiWd «n tka ipot by Uke boya. 

" TliT ^-we«jvlthtdMBB ■ wy pni MJegJ. Hm are a few 
of iV anuo MKwa a w la nada at th» ^i^Mi^ of tiie last term i 
ft ahoold bi pnmlvd that iha f*« fee Um* i^mii rary Emn Sa. 6d. 
lo IfM. M. pfr qt«ut<r to nwcub«ra of t)w fi^iliiii, BUk-cmnbcfv 
batakc aUottvd to altmd on f^^yaxBl of an hn ^w J imT 

{Hmt lolhw«daloi«li>lof ck£9«^ «ee |«ge4IS:) 

Uia *«Km» of the WjfytKkmm p^fti m tf» itiaw^ian tectekftl 
fat liv ahK^p* atand ai the 



THE POLYTECHNIC MOVEMENT 



219 



"The work of the Polytacfuiio In^ititutQhoa been veiy favourably 
iodged by tboae moat coEapet^nt bo (orm on opiuioD on lE'. It hoa 
obtained the approval at t\\B Tendon T£>chnir:a1 CoancU &nd of 
two Royal CommisfiiotiB, and, as wo aha.il presently show* it has 
been fontmendcd in the avxi encoEiraging way by the Conifiiifi- 
fijonflrs of City ChiirLties. The London Trade Council on April 10. 
1 8S3, passed tha following resolution : ' That tha system of trado 
teaching adopt«l ab the Potytrechoio Institute be rccommrnded 
to the London tradM.' Threa montha later thp Conncil rpBr>|ved 
that ' In the opinion of thia delogato meeting of trades, any eyatem 
of t«cluuc»l sctenEV or theoroticot iiubniction for our induatrJol 
population should be occompllehed by procticAl t.each]ng by oom* 
potent trade teachers, based upon wofkehop practiee, in harmony 
with tho requirements of ordinary buaindvt porsuild, eimilor to 
the tr&de instruction given at the Polytechnic Institute.' More 
recently Mr. Woodall, M.P., a member of tbo Boyol Coromie- 
Bior on Technical EduCBtjon> titated that * hi? had, in connexion 
with the Royal CfJnimiHsion, viPitJ'd nearly ull the Tpchnical Train- 
ing Schools on the Continent, and h& could eafoly say he had not 
wen one in which Buch a tliorouglily practical Hj'fltcni wa£ foUawod 
as at the Poiytechnio Infltitut^.' 

**6ut it is neither posbible nordeeirable th&tawork of thifl magni- 
tude should remain dependent upon the onaidcd offorta of ono man. 
Mr- Quintin Hogg has. rouglily speaking, spent £100,000 on bis 
scheme, and h& naturally feels that ho cannot continue muc^i longer 
lo mert the large necessary deficit in the same unstinting way. 
His dpflire, then, is to find help elsewhere which ahull i^nahle the 
InBtitute to be placed upon a permanent footing, and eJiall put it 
beyond those rinlu which mufll inevitably attaoh to ony schoine 
Uiat in tills world of trhancea and changed leans e:it]iJ»ively upon 
a single individual for support. So he liaa, in th* llrsl in-^itance. 
approached the Commissioners of City Charitiee, who. as it ia well 
known^ have lately been empowered to apply very large sums of 
mocey^ which will ultimately amount to something like £100,000 
a year, to purpoaee connected with the education of the people. 
The CommiHSJOnen^ have dealt with Mr. Hogg very muclj on the 
principle on which they replied to those who lately asked their 
help in connexion with the proposed People's PaUcoa in South 
London, that is to say, they have prornia«l to cneet him half-way. 
They have undertaken to give tlie Polytechnic an endowment of 
£2.600 a year on two conditions — 

" (1) That he should obtaii^ a long lease of liis preintae«> 

"{2} That ho should raise a sum of £Sfi,000 by private sub- 
Bcrifitions. 

"Tlie first of these coodit ions has been alr**dy satiflfied, for the 
trnstees of the Portland CBiate have given Mr. Htn^g a furraoj 
promiMt of a Aincty-nmo ycand' lease. Tha eooond condiUon ii 




220 



QUINTLN 



right enougJi in prinaiple, though it might perhaps h&sra be^n upged 
tliat biko luoni^y already apent upoc the Institute -wta suEBcioct to 
give it a duiiu to llie fflidowtnent withc»iit more aiio ; but the Com- 
mL^oneTB tnsifft, and porhape aft^r dl thpy ore righl. for £2,500 
per umum is not of itooli enough, Mr> Hogg haa olroody appcalnl 
to variooe frJE^oda of his owDb and haa eucccnicd in r&ii^ing about 
£la,>JI>0. We Ttiay ha permitted to mention tfifl prin('i|Al con- 
tributors : Mr. W. M. CampboU (Mr. Hopg^d partner, a Governor 
of the Bjtnk of EngliLnd) hiiLS givon £10.000 ; Mt^Bsni. Jh A. and E. M 
Dpn7iy, £1.000 fnach ; Mr. Gnmey ShepJif^ccJ. £1,000 ; on Anonymnus 
Friend, £|2«(>0Q; Lord MBgheramornD and Mr. ^poncer Chodnick 
olsu givf; £000 oacii. 

" T}ierG stih ramaine. hovravar^ about £17.000 to be raised, filr. 
Hogg's own frionda arc (Jxtjaost^Hi ; he fools coiwtrBinod to appeal 
ta the public to savo LJti& dDuri^liin^ and moat luscEul Eoatitute 
fruTii tho collnpae wliich would incvitaLfy o<jme upon it wm out- 
Bida a»tAU^taii(io to bo withdrawn. We tnist he will Eiave littlt^ 
difliaulty in raiaing tbo amount. Ah we aaid at tlie oiataot, the 
need for higlinr edumtion in one whinh is evnry day bwoming 
tnore preaent to the pubUc mind. Our cotnmorriLal pro&ponty u 
being tluuateiied by compelitiou aU ovor the wurtd ; aasuredly 
it will be iirtpo»iibl« for uh to keep our inejkete unless oLir work- 
men sucoeod in p\itting thomsoli/es od a ]e-ve\ with tho bfst work- 
roon in Paris, Ba-Uii or Philadelpliia- The way to tliit rceulb m 
through tochnical eduoAtion, though it, liko every other education^, 
whothar for high or low, cojinot be aelfi-flupporting. U Oxford, 
Cambridgo, Ebon, and Winclieei*T douriah by uieans of endowment, 
if every ploment^ry school in Englfind is k<-pl at work by mpsne 
at aul>HidieB h-om the Governm'jnt, from t\iS ratepayers, or Jrom 
ptivato nub jc fibers , it in not (surpriamg tiiat tvchnical scIlooIh 
dlundd rfEjiiiiu liulp of Uil* Airne kind. W« trust. tEien^ure, tJiat 
Mr. Ho^^a ne(^s«ditiefi will be Buppliod by the public in a liberal 
spirit. No doubt £1T,000 i& a large aum from eoiue points of view, 
but rulativi'Iy to the work it ta a v^ry amHll hiieu, and llioae who 
liesttate to cootribiiba to it aliould reflect that upon it depende a 
Hchecno which la doin^ incalculable good to JO.OOO of the young 
working luen and womeu of London, We fei-l sure that oveu in 
these days of onntroct^ inoomee and multiplK^l clairnfi ihere are 
large numhcra oE men in London, in tha City or olficwhoro, who 
only ttiquiro to bv told of bo good a work that tliey niay at once 
come forward sod hflp it. 

" Men like Lord HartingtoHk Lord Selbomo, Lord Abordoen, Sir 
Lyon Flayfair, Mr. Mundella and Mr. Woodflll have tiiireHsed to 
Mr. Hogg Ihf'ir xvarm inLHrmt in his noble work ami Iheir hopes 
for ild perraaiii>nt auueosB, Wo trust tliat at no very distant date 
it loay bo our good fortune to record tliat tlie advice of thete eminent 
men has been foUowad, that ttie money demanded by tlie Com- 



THE POLYTECHNIC MOVEMENT 



221 



I 



I 



mimionpTB has be«in r^cpiv^l, and Ihat Mr. Quinlin Hogg haa the 

Ukiisfaction of knowing that 40 F&r as anything cim be perroBEieat 
in tJiia vorld^ liis Polytechnic Lubitul^i has atioiiied U> pfiriaunence/* 

The result of thw ftnd the many other press notices, which 
were, I believe, unanimous m praising Quintin Hrtgg and hfa 
work, was moat aatisfactoiy. The public responded generously 
to the appeal^ the fund mouated steadily, some of the City 
Companies lent a helping hand, the Grocera' giving £200, the 
Scrivenerg^ £100. But it was not only the public who contributed 
to the auccesa of tte schecQe^ The meniberg themselves worked 
hard, and it ia pleasant to note that the suggestion that they 
should do 3o emanated from one of themselves. Tlio day 
following the appearance of the above article, Mr. Hogg received 
this letter— 

DSAR Ub. Hooo, 

An c>reell?nt article upon the Polyt«chn)e appears in 1o<lay'fl 
Tima, from which T galhti that in order to enauf^ a uj^nt of £2.5iX( 
a year from the Charily Commisaionets for Ihe piirjKHp^ of the 
fnBtiti:tt«, it is reqaisita to raine a fund of £3ft,W0. The article 
etatfa that of th&t sum £IS,000 hav* <drcady been subtsoribcd or 
promised by your friend;^, tliat an appeal I0 ilip public ii4 being, 
tvr n about to be, madB Eor the balance 0I £n,COO. tt oi^cura to 
nw that our fellows mj^ht lend a helping huid in procuring tljo 
mini required, and if a way waa pointed out in nhinh. by a litlio 
effort, they could benefit tlie grami oW plar*, 1 f^i confident that 
yon would find your *' hoys " willing to cscrt tJicnutlvea, BiM*cifllly 
BO ihe elder one«. who, now they have? readied ilio age of dis- 
oretion, can perhaps better appreciate tli© immenee good, morally, 
intellectuallyT and phyaically, tliat the Inslituto is confening on 
its meinbers. One reall>' camiot overi-tdtiniate the u^tefulnesa or 
mSMure the inHuence of ench a place oa the Poiy^ 

PerBona[1y» tlie older I get the more thankful I fed tliat my 
Hteps yroro directed lo the Iimtitute, I have come across many 
of our members of Long Acre and Endell Street days, and even 
those who hax^ Long left ua would recoil with pleaeuro eome in- 
cideut of Um old days, and speak wJUi real aEFectlon of you and 
former friends, I have never yet met an Institute fellow who 
would not become cnthoHiflfflio whwi diacueemg rominigcences of 
"Auld I^ang fiyne." May it ever be ho i 

Pray pardon thl^ digrps^ion : for the life of me I couldn'r c^onke 
sooner to the subject of this iuttcT, viz. t Uow can the feLowa aid 
you ? We have 10.000 membefB and students wlio come from 




222 



QT7INTIN HOGG 



all patta of London, and are employed in all sorts of oocnpatLooo. 
DoubtlesB m^Lny of these are on good terms with their einployem, 
to whom their ponnpidon wilh the Poly., either as memben or 
Btudonta, is known. My imprceflioti ia that nvuiy employors would 
willingly contribute to the aupport of aa DuititutiO, the advan1«gc 
of belonging to whioh is exemplified in trheir own employ^ and 
that it only requiroB the employ^ to bring the w&nte of tho Potytoch- 
nio to the notice of hla employer to obtain for it pecuniary aid. 
BrieTly, my fiugg«ition ta that each m&Enbt^r of the In^itilute should 
brmg ita claims to tho notice of hia employer. Of course I don't 
suppose tliet evoiy fellow could approach bia ij^uv'oor on sucJi a 
flnbject, but ther^ nm^t be. Hpet^ially among rierks and teohnicAl 
atudenta^ many who ailhur come frequently m direct eontoct with 
their fimployera, or who attend the Poly, at the express wish or 
with the oogniKance of their employers. From th(«e. at all events. 
aome eubatantial result miglil be expected from an appeal to their 
Srms, I ani satiefied the eucireetion is practicable, becauBO to^ay 
I broached the subjret to one ctE my giiv'nnra, who immedialfJy 
promiaed £5. 1 have not solicited cltlier of our other two partnetB 
yot, because I want some kind of ao-nction from you before doing 
aa I should be very pleased to bear your opinion on the suggra- 
tion, if you approve of it. I have no objs^ion to your making 
use of thia letter {suppressing my name} in the ma^amne- It 
Btfikee me its publieatinn might produf-"^ a responBe fiom some 
of the membera ; anyhow it woufd serve as a feeler. Another idea 
auggeeta ita«lf ; that Thr Times article bo roproduced tn the maga- 
tine, and i^tterition drawn to it, tliat members be finked to solirit 
oontributloufl from th^^ir famili«a and friendfi, and that an appeal 
be poetod to each n^embo*, aaklng liim to guarantee 23. 6d>, 59., 
or any sum lie can couveuiently spare, aiieJi axims to be paid by 
mstalmentd a^ low as 5^. a week. If this were done at onoe the 
result, i think, would be cncouraging- 

YouTH very siucerely^ 

Axt Old Uemdeh. 



This letter was prints in tho PoIyUchrtio Magazine, with & 
footnote by Mr. Hogg — 

"J am very grateful to the writer for a very practical Buggc«tion. 
It would be nice to be able to advertise a substantial sum aa having i 
been raised hy our own bnyn." i 



In the ftame aamber an expl&iifttiDn &nd appeiJ was printed — 



** You will not be aaking lor yourself j but for a great institulsi 
which will, I hope, ciiat to help many a young fellow after you 
dnn 1 liave plnyed OUT part in this world, and If you feel that you 



d 



THE POLYTECHNIC MOVEMENT 



223 



owe anything to any of tho olaBsoB, olube, or eroial ndvantag™ 
you have enjoyed at tlie Polyteclinic, you miglit do yuMt quutn 
to try and obtain a anffii^ii^nt «ndowinf>ni to ttmiire tlin perm«jiBnt 
prosperity of tho InBtitute in years bo oomo. FiiuJly, let too aay 
T have no nUh m anj way to nithdraw from such peraooal or 
pecuniary asBiBtance aa t am able to giv^ the place. I shall etill 
eonimuct to rxjake np any deficienny which may occur in ita woAing, 
and hope to give, ae I have always done, all my leiHurp to its con- 
duct And WL'lfare. It is tlia future about whioh I am anxiouB, 
and It would bo a thoneand pitica werD the handaomo r-ndowment 
offered by the Charily CommisaioniTB not to be «ecuied for wiuit 
of a little eKort on our part. Yoi.i will see thf» writer of the letter 
voB aMCfeseiul in getting £5 from tli^^ tintt gentlc^nui to (cliom he 
■hotrod The Times aiticlo- Perhaps aoqic of our memben tuay 
meet with a Btill mnre liberal response. At any rata will you try T 
It would strengthen our hande eaormoualy in asking for oon- 
tributioDS frcm tlie public if we could point to a Jiubatajitial aum 
raifled by thosp who have had thn best mean* of knowing tbn in- 
ternal workings of the place. If the Polyt<«ehnie has b^en worth 
using for yourself, it may bo w*U wortli preeerviiig for othenii ond 
He who said of the poor widow that she ' cast in more than thpy 
alln* wtU not l^ a nian be poorer in money or in character for 
sparing aomething out of a not too welJ-lined pouket to presDrvo 
for Others advatitAgee by which he himself haa b»iofited." 

His appeal met witli such liearty reaponse aa gladdened Ikis 
heart ; he saw many of his boya giving as he hhniielf hdtd given — 
all they ooukl- Sometjoiea he felt almoht iiielined to chtwk 
their generosity, but he knew the joy of giving, and that '* ^twaa 
never giving Ihab emptied the puree,'* and ho thanked God for 
thia visible sign of the growth of the seed he had planted. Two 
letters aeknowledging aubacriptiona run thua — 



My dear — - 

I waa very much touehftd by yotir kind letter and genefoua gift 
to-night. Knowing as I do how much £1 meana tu you, and how 
ill tr&n only be spared at the exj^nse of Belf'denial and personal 
privation, 1 at fjiret felt inclined to oak you to withdraw it. To 
do so, howpver, would be ungracioua, and would be io ignore the 
blessed effpc)fl of nuch efforts on one's nwn soul, for the Lord loveth 
a eheerful giver. So I vriU gladly ia\v^ it, dear boy, aa Ilia laat of 
the many tokene of afTedion for the Institute and ita membora 
which you liave shown. Had wo more &— — in the Poly, tba 
placa would bo homely and bloased indeed. 



QUTNTIN HlXM 

ICvmus W 

I foBnd your btter Kwoituig my rotiim borae bvt night aft«r 
dinuie with the tlarrlerA at ibolr ajiiLu&J mtMliiig, and I must not 
let anotKaf poet go out vithotit a f«w Ildm from me in actaov- 
lod^ont of it. It IB very kind both of you and Georgo to o&od 
such aubatAiitiaJ Iv^^p to the fund, and I am sure it will be samo 
sablflfaction to you in dayH to oomA to know that you havo had 
aomo hand in enabling tlie Pionaer lii»titut« to attain peruaaneQ0» 
We have muult to do yet in auch intLttera ere out English boya can 
tiave a fair kvfil start against the foreigDors. We want continuation 
BchooJa (evoaiJig) for the 6W,0O0 olxildrer annually leaving our 
board fichonlp, ard conipulf^itfy education up to Gfteen at least i 
wp want Polyrt. ntl over thp land, with day high Bchoolfl attached 
as links biitwf^4>n the ]3oerd School and the 'Varsity; ive waiLt 
drawing taugljt every vhtre, end ujuch eslee. Meanwhile, thank 
God our Blow-moving Briton hae taken one stop at any rat« in 
the right direction- Alaa ! Iiow^ much more important all thia ii 
than the Afghan frontier or tlie Soudan, and how much leas tnr 
people are tauaht to Uiink about it. May God stir up Kngljah 
heart* to care for English boya. 

Mat by such a i^pirit, it was not likely the effort would be in 
The mim was coUfN.*tpd, and when in 1891, aJt*r eight 
ire* labour, the Commtsionpra hnnded over the fund in th« 
triiBteP3^ for ftdmiru9tra.tion, on annua! grant of £3,flOn to tjjo 
Regent Street Polytechnic waa compulsoiy, being, moreover, 
antedated to take effect from Lady Daj-, 1890, There 
aome demur about Ihe religioLi^ rlatc^^s at the Polyl^i^hnio wh 
the grant waa Qrat mooted, but ita President refoa^ to ent«r 
IntLj any diat^u^^on on the subject, saying that he would far 
rather forego t]i& mocpy than neglect xvhat he cronsidered so 
infinitely the moflt Import&nt branch of Polyt«ohnif aotivity. 
and on condition that no public money was used in connexion 
«nth ftuoh work, the grant waa not disallowed on \U acccunt, 
though religioutt work ia not permitted in moat of the other 
London Polyteohnios. 

* The truBteoB were appointed thus: Five by the CTrawu, of whom 
Ur. Hi>S£ ^^" ^™(^ > f^^ ^y ^-^^ Corporation of the City of Loud^tt i four 
hy the London County CaiuiciL ; two by tho KcL^lffiLostival Commiadonpra i 
imd oue aaah hy It!'? Senate o1 the UiJuenity el Londan, Cbe C'oiuicJl 'A 
UniverBity Col!ntr«, I^ndfifi, tha r-inni'il of Kiti^'r lloUcpp, Ijrtndon, the 
Cnimcfl of the City nml finildfl of l^iidon 1n»itiiu1<'. the GovemiEij;^ Body 
□f the Bi»i}iofi4}jute FomuJatign, and the Govamiag Body el the IL^ipplv- 
gal9 FounJaUon^ 



THE POLYTECHNTC MOVEMENT 



22R 



How Btrongly Mr. Hogg fell on this Babject, how greatly h? 
r^rettcd the tendency to separate eprntual work from oUi&r 
charitable ent«rpriaes^ I think rhe following lett«r suggeflt^ — 

"Therpi ar^ fwvpral Polytj^hnics bping formed, rs you know," 
he WTotie in the magAaine, " and ono Ibanka titxi for it| but 1 voold 
Hay of all sucli work that to the eiclcQt Gad ea hunoured tn thc^m 
meinly will depend tlioir kti'^pwis. ff. while tbey oare for the brain 
and n-niBcle, they forget tlie bouI, thay need never hope to leprodu^ 
w1»t we h&ve here, f^on't Ihiiik I am Bpeakmg dbparogiugly 
of MlucAt-ional cfFort. I am glad to bap teo}^niofl.1 eehoola. gyrn- 
ruwJunvi. crickr>t rlube, switommg bothA, wt(h or without roli^ous 
Wijrk ; tut 1 say tliat if you cut out tdl reco^iLioTL of l}ke npiriluitl 
li»6 of thoBt* who Iwltjng to finch societtpe you will Inee murih of the 
bleaBLbg ftnd Pior mu^h of the good which would otherwifle roeult. 
The main object uioat ev^'r be to litm a bad niun Into a tiood one, 
and r would a»k those who ^(m^aIc ro lightly of relfgioue vark. how 
iliry, vfithout CliriBt, intend to begin ! Will you offer a hod man 
a technical cIobh to turn him into a good one T la it not ^ f^ct 
withir your personal kuo\t'ledgG that some of tlip bsBt mechanic! 
in thia city bftve foiled to find in their trmJe proflcioney an antidote 
fo an evil hpart t Let vs keep our clafflea and atlilelic clubs and 
thank God for their mhnlfflonje influrniM^ hut in taking these things 
let oa not forget tlxftt the influence which in tJie world's biatory 
lias euc<^ecd^ in tiiming men from darlutena to light, in the per- 
Gonal ktmwledgR of God and of Hiti character as revealed to lu 
through Cliri^ Jocnis. 

"•You uiay, 1 think, divide Chriatian workers into two sections. 
eaeh of them raore nr lesa jntolerant of the otiier ; one will teH you 
that they teach tlie Goapel and nothing but the GoBpeU and eo 
ettm«ft are they in their tank that they cannot etay to listen to 
the nnnlR tif ediieation, or recreation, or social wanta : the houI, 
tiioy eay, muat be oaved at all liazanU ; they Bt^ra to forget that 
beeidcii a soul Ood gave each of ua a body and a inind. On the 
other hand and quite aa prejudiced in lh['ir way, are the philan-* 
ihropista who i)^nore the spiritual flide oE man altogether; tliey 
believOf ihey aay, in education and healing and other matteia 
requisite for the binly or tlic jnincJ, but tlie sticret spring of all 
human atilinn, thf* h'^rt and itft affpctinn, lh'>y leave more or I«sb 
untouched. If Christ were hero en earlh now, Ho would be in fuU 
Hyrnfuthy with both and antagonistic to ueitJier. We r^ad He 
' taught the people many things/ no He woukJ oot have neglected 
education ; He Itad ' eompae^ien on the leper,' so Ue would have 
approved of our hciajjitals ^ Ht? would, in fact, show that nothiEig 
that conef^rned His liuman brethren was a matter of uneonoem 
to Him j open npaeco for the people, footl>all pitches for the young 
menp proper houf^ing. free eduL'ation, epiritual truth, one und all 
wDoJd find in Him a atrenuoua advocata." 




S26 



QUINTIS HOGG 



The PolTteclinic fiances now stood npon a ve^ diSorent 

fijoting, the^ annual deficit being well under £2,000, most of 
which cDLild bo raised without great difficulty in the Institute 
itaolf, bj moana of the school, holiday taura* etc. Twelve other 
aimilAT institutions received EinmiaL grants varying from £3,000 
down to £400, and the Polytechnic movement was fairly started. 
Since then, every year special gnuLta have been made by the 
trustees of the secular fund to aaaiat temporary pressing need^ 
of one or other of the inetitutea, amounting altogether to over 
half a million. In spite of this, tbero waa aenous danger of the 
moveEient, in a broad sense, roUapsingH Isolated institutes 
might be ruiming on a firm financial basis, but the espen^e of 
the scheme far exceeded all calculations (a not unusual incident), 
and the trustees found ihemeolves quite unable to cope with it. 
Fortunately, tbe County Council was able to come to their aid. 
In 1890, Mr, (now Lord) Goacben had put an eitra AJ. a gaUoD 
on spirits, with the intention of CDmpeniUiting public-house 
owners for the witltdrawivl of licences with the money ho raised. 
ThiB scheme had fur various reasons to be aharidoned : the tax 
was not remitted, and tlie question arose, what was to be done 
wiLli the mujiey, since it was nut to be uaed far the purpose for 
wTiidi It had been raised ? Eventually it was decided, on the 
[uotiun of Mr. Aulaitd, tliat the proceeds of the tai should be 
handed over to the County Coimcils unconditionally, hut with 
a recomtnendatlon that eome of the money, at least, should be 
applied to t^hnical education, which the Councils were enabled 
to assist In three ways : {1) by founding schools ; (2) by assisting 
bodies tliat supplied t^^chnieal education ; (3) by establishing 
BoboTarshipa and eTchibitions. By that time there were eight 
Polytechnics proper in London, though only thr^ were in 
full swing : Regent Street, People's Palace, and the Borough ; 
two were partially kn operation, one wss building, and two were 
still in tbe embcyo stage of colleoting funds. The Drapers^ 
Company bad assumed the entire financial reaponeibility of Che 
People's Palace, which had coat them £60,000 capital, and a 
grant of £7,000 a year. Ab Polytechnics fulfilled all the requisite 



A 



THE POLYTECHNIC MOVEMENT 227 

fltrpalaljoiia, tha County Coimoila were able to devnto & eon- 
dclerable pdHioii of their coitL to consolidating an avowedly 
OAeiuI Bcbeme whidi ahowed otniiiDiiB signs of collapsing from 
lack of funds, rather than to founding new ones. It was on 
Quintin Hogg'5 motion that the London County Council decided 
to adhere to the reconiEnend^tion of P&rliament as regards this 
money, and £30,000 of the "wliiaky money" wa3 set aside 
for purposes of technical education, for until then the money 
was deroted in port to the reduction of ratee, etc. A con- 
siderable portion of this sum wos iounediately applied to the 
relief of the struggling Polytethnics, and rendered their con> 
tinued cxiat^nce and development possible' At the present 
time there exist in London a group of twelve Polytechnics 
on the model of the Begent Street one — 

** whirh Bfuommodate over 30,0<M> taoys. and stand Irk© forte in the 
seo of London tcmptationa to youthful diasipaition, igncriknce and 
idleuE^a. But for Mr, Qumtin Hogg all tLe^e had nevfj betin> 
&nd it ts nineer^ly tn bci hopMi Miat London will not forget Tiie 
memory. Many men have been buried in Weatminster Abbey 
wlju Imve done less for iLe country than lhi3 ^^reat and good man, 
wbode untim»>ly death ao many London boys must deploro/^ ^ 

The benefits conferred by the social and educational advan- 
tages oSered by Polytechnics aro not theiJ only olaim to the 
nation's gratitude. The mcana provided for the physical welfare 
of the members dt^scrvo their full share of re<'ogaitionf and at 
the Regent Street Inetitutd their successful development is 
e^are^ly less remarkable or less worthy of attention than the 
aBpecta more generally referred to. The Cycling Club is con* 
sidored the first in the country, and last year (1903), in addition 
io winning numerous ohampionshlpa and rocordst succeeded in 
beating all England in one contest, and France in another. The 
Harriers wi»re the first to revive the London to Brighton walking 
contests, and since that date have held all amateur records up 
to 21 milce- The football and cricket clube place from 10 to 12 
teams in the tield every Saturday, and have to distinguish the 

^ Yntm Mr. Bmary ConyngliamB'm lettar to Tkt Tima^ Jonuu^ 211, 1fK>3. 




I 



2ZS 



QtrmriN hogg 



elerenfl by lett«re, since their opponents were apt to resent 
being t^kcd to play " tbf> Polytet^hnio Xlllh " ! The gym- 
Doaiiun, in addition to training the InBtitutc members, eupplii^ 
inAtruotore to numborg of gymnasiuma &I1 over London, Many 
other instance of the success of tbia side of Poljlechnic work 
might be giver did space perBiit. A hat of tlie athletic clube 
exiflting in the Ilegciot Street Polytecluiic wiU be found later 
(p»ge 411). 



A lAH oj London Pol^echnicSj wiih the Ntimbera of their Members 

arid StitdeTits.^ 

ben. 
aoldsniiUifl' Institute. New Croan, a.R , , . 1344 

Birkbeck Inatitufe, ChftnMfly L^ne, E.G. , , . 1,'^fta 

Borough Polytochtiit, Borough Hood. 8-E. . - 1777 

Eaat I-ondoii Teclmical College, People's PaUce* E. . None 



8tu- 
5000 

20t>2 

3000 



South WpgiATn Polyt«olinio. Chftl»B, S.W. . 
Cily of London Ckillegp, Mofjrficltln. E.C. . 



No HppArate 

faembcTehip 

846 

No BeparHtf! 

EncmbfTship 

993 

»3 



Northampton Itistituir, Clcrk«nwe11, E.C - 
Sir John CasB Institute, Jewry Street, E,C 
NortJioTO Polytechnic, Hollowfty Ro&d, N. (ScciaJ sido 

in proG«aB of formation] . . . . , — 

Woolwich Pol yt*«hnir. Wooiwioh, S.E. , , , 250 
The Polytechnic, Regent Street, W, 



1758 
213G 

nn 

27H0 

1200 

4tiO0 143^7 



10793 3»8ia 

It muAt be borne ia mind that the majority of Ui« m«m- 
!>ere are alao students, bo that to arrive at a just eatimato rf 
the numbers bene^ting by these institutioDa in London, jiot 
more tban half llie members tiboiild be added to liie lolol ^f 
students. This givee a reanlt of 45,214. 



^ In MVormJ csflEia tlie AeFretArl««i nf Uipbo Dflwer Ffllytachnira are farnur 
momlwfB of th* originol infltitntion 



POLYTECHNIC HOLIDAY TOURS AND OTHKR 
VENTURES 

Maa an born to b* nrvioaibW to oiw aoDthtr. 



^LVTKCHNIO HOLIDAY TOtTBS AJ-TD OTHRfi VflNTURES 



AS the nombcra of the Polytechnic &dvajiced from hundreds 
to thoUBands it became impofieible for its founder to 
provide aaything approAching sufflcient holiday accommodation 
foi the memE>era. When Mr. Hogg rebuilt Holly Hill* he ar- 
ranged for tbeir oxi:luaive use a special wing capable of occommo' 
dating seventy* and during Uie summer and autumn months 
parties uaed to come every fortnigiit. But even tbat could 
not provide for the rapidly increasing number of memhcre. As 
early aa I68B two tripe to 6witT:erland were arranged at an 
inclueive charge of £10 iOs. lot a fortnight, and week-end trips 
to Boialogne for 228. In I3B9 arrangements were made for 
weekly puitief^ lu \mi the Paris Exhibition for £2 Kk., including 
Iravelling, board nnd lodging, of which about 3,600 avaiJed 
themselves. 

It waa in this year also that the CoaLinental holidays may be 
aaid to have comniencBt]- They were tried as an exjieriment to 
supjplerticnt the school teaching in physical geography, history* 
o\m. The tirat party in 1839 consisted of siity boys. thre«? 
masters, and a doctor. The route followed was BniaaelB (with 
special regard to Waterloo), the battJe fields of tba Fnuioo- 
German war, Lucerne, Oothard Pass, Andenuatt, over the 
Fm<ka Fa^ to Zermatt. A week was spent in that neighbourhood 
studying glaciers, etc. Home via the Rhone Valley, Berne and 
Lausanne. The tour lasted twenty-seven days* and cost £5 19«. 
per head-' The enthusiasm with which these trips were taken up, 

' 8oine ot the papers having axprwaed th^ iiicrediUity about tlioaa 
Hgiuvfl, daulnriug llmt it was anob^latfl LmpOAHbility thijt th«y khaokl bo 
oorreet* tba balance-^hMt wu pub1i^i«d. 



QUINTIN HOGG 



tbo iilirfintinn the unBgemHLto ^re the iMrUcipiata, 
Bfi^Bd Mr. Mfctefadl (o mmag^ * mora raried And extcoaire 
fn^rmatmo, hk 180O the Swiai trips oocupied «t«tn d^js «l 
tt ooil o( U. M a^Miat £10 IQi. tfaf«o jvsn pccnwi y - A 
mcl: b Inlifid U Donloe Ctt«tk. whidi wm ksdlr lei to the 
PofsTtodmic hy Dr. Gcoree Stoker. cooU be obt«ii>ed for £3 3*., 
and « fortnight ia Edinburgh, irttb npecnJ record to the czliibi- 
tiun bnnghcklUwre.for oolyXd, whil?it ^1 the trips were person- 
ftlly conducU-d. Often specUl cladenta' partiea were amogttd 
and Aocompuiied by the mMtcrs. This year (1 890) alao a boose 
«M Ittkm &t H&atin^ for the metnbetv of the GiHa' [n^itut«, 
I5«. oonrmg a wt^ekS tnpenaea there, rsilwajr tickets being ob* 
tekud for Ion than half price. 

Id 1S02 the Polytechnic ventured on a r«^y courageooa 
eiperimeot. and cruiaee to Norway were annoiuicnl. Until tliia 
timn Norway Iiad betm inacGCOBible to all but the mor? moneyed 
etaasM, tince no tourhft arrangemenia bad ever been attempted 
by any nrf the eibting agencies, and a visit to the LAod of the 
Kinrdft invoWed a h<^vy (jutlay. A thirteen days' cruise waa 
arraiiKffd at a coat of eight guineas. There were also trips 
lasthig three WAek« to Madeira for £12 (hitlierto tiuch an outing 
had only be«n withui the reach of thosf^ able to pay about £30): 
othen to Killanioy (a fort.nij^ht) for £4 5«. ; a weelr in tha 
4rd>nnrNi for £2 I7fi. 6rf. ; bf^HJdea the UKiiaf holiday seaside hom^ 
wtlfch weru rmLrJcted to membera unly, who could l^ke their 
ndvM and families and specif] a week in clean and comfortable 
botms for 13*. per ua^h adutt arnl 6^, per child under Efteen. 
It must he rom«mbercd that the terms for the Continf-'ntal tours 
worn innltiMivsof tivrri/thing except f^xcuraions involving additional 
sxperiNe which might ii« tnadc from the various stopping places. 
Tlioiigh in their inricptjou these Iripa were really intended for 
thi^ iiianjbers, outiiider« could join thofn on payment of a few 
vxtra nhTlltngM, and thus they rapidly grew into what must be 
reRjirdcd lu a national benefit^ bringing foreign travel within 
lbs r4«vli of tliouHADdB who were formerly debarred from it by 
Uw ooit< 



POLVTECHNIC TODRS AND OTHER VENTURES 233 



Xb« following yeftr the World's Fair vm held in Chicago. In 
order tc mako tho nooeeBorj ftrrangementd for the PolytedLuio 
parties. carJy in 1892 Hr. Dooglaa Hogg and Mr. MiUJioU orvaaod 
to America, Thoy foiind the work of thn Polytechnic onNiting 
cooBiderabJo interest, and thciyt as its rcpic^uUiivc5, imder- 
went tlie usaaX ordeais of irT^pruasible intcrviowers, ^nsationaJ 
paragraphs and libellous portrait?, which arc ihf> Fair of the 
emailed celebrity onL<> his fool is set on American eoil, On« 
paper published a picture of the Polytechnic's founder, cotiUcd 
'* Portfait of Mr. Douglaa Hogg's Father," They were apoci4lJy 
introduced to the Prci^ident, who oipreased his cordial approval 
of thf propo^ tripe mid wbhcd them every aacccss, and retunted 
to England after an absence of some three tnonths thoroughly 
well Bfttisfied witli what they had accomplished. About 1^900 
people were taken over during the Eihibitiou in the following 
yoar, tho Han:i burg- American line conveying (hem acrosa tho 
Atlantic. whil»t in Chicago (hey w^^ro acccnunodated by Mr. 
Moudj, who built for ibeir uae two 6oors over hb '* Bible Insti- 
tute." Aft«r a week there, Uiey returned via Niagara and the 
ilDdeon, Ibe entire trip occupying anionthand coating Iweuty- 
Ave guineas- That the members of tlio excursioua were 
Hatietied 1 think the folluwing letter to Hr. Hogg may be allowed 
to prove — 

Deaii Bra, — 

As KDombcr? of Ihf? firat Polytoohni*^ part/ to Chicago, wo beg 
to DApreA to you our lifartiect appruciatiou ^li your elT^^rta to m^ko 
our holiday a auccebS. litis could nQVei" havt been attained had 
it not been for the unvarying oouitcey and zeal of each and every 
momber of the Polyiecluiic stafT, whoso duo object was to miuifltcr 
to our enjoyment. Wr cannot forget that a largn amount of 
labour must havo bcL-n invoWi^ in making the^m porfcct arrange- 
menu for our benefit, wliich labour, in face of the Inadequate duin 
charged, must necpaftftrity have be^n one of lovo, TTie pewty 
throughout boa beon a unitod one, and individually wa have oddoro, 
if ever, spent a more enjoyable boLday. 

We beg ycu to accent the enclosed anm ffH) towards your Chil- 
dren'fl Holiday Fund, in Uie }»ope that thoee lew fortuiinUt than 
ouTMhred may know aorneUung of th« ploaBurea of which vre hava 
■o full a ttliarc- 



331 



QUINTIN HOGG 



la spite of thft grtAi aacoon of thk rentore, the oUier tripe 
U> Korwftj, Switiertfiod, etc,, etc,, not only did not wflcr. bat 
bad to be extended to meet tbe demAad. Tlie oeict tmportvit 
dei-dopment of tbe FoJj'techmc holiday amfigements. aod 
perfai^ tlw one tlut more thui uiylKing dx ^tabliahed tie 
reptitfttkm for co^opeistiTe ed»cfttio&al tr&rd, w>a the rentmg 
of the chalets at Lucerae. Mr. UitcbcC, en a retom jotimey 
from Rome in 18d3, (pent & Sunday at Lucerne- In the coxine 
of a walk he stopped at a reetauroat for tea. and whUat 
raeting there wv sinick by the thought of what ao ideal 
place it vonld be to spead a summer holidaj in. He oaked 
the proptietor trhetbpr he would consider any terms, &nd woa 
(O'ld that the real owner w&a iu Paris, and deeirnua of getting 
rid of the place. Be went bock to Lucerne, tel^rftphed an 
off^. which waa accept'rd oleo bj wire, and on the JQurney home 
worked out the expaiBesH details of airaDgemeiita^ and adrstLan- 
menla for a week bi " Loveljr Lucerne ^'(aphr&ee whkJiorigicated 
ki the Pulyteclinic advertuement^. and is now universally uoed), 
llie chalet was full from the very firat, 1,800 viaitot^ of both 
oexea bemg received there during the fint autumn, and its 
pO|mlarity neGcssitated almost yearly additinnal aoeommoda- 
ikm. After two 3reBn the chALeta were bought for £10,000 (in 
1S06), a dependonoa for 180 peiBonfi waA addo) in 1^97 at a cost 
of £3,fi00 ; the amrounding woods, a lake, and a farm were pur- 
chased for £11,500 in l9C1,and this year a new chalet is in conrw 
of ereetlon^ During last aeaaon (1903) 7,000 peraona were 
oeeomniodBted on this property, an inereose of 1,200 on the 
previous year's total! Hre. Hilchell spends the Biimmer at the 
choleU, penunoUy managing and supervising them, and much of 
tiie BitooeM of the ventute is due (o her popularity and wonderful 
management. Tlie total number of petsons laldng port m the 
Continental tours in 1894 eiceednd 3,000. Since then thit 
department of Polytechnic^ work has grown steadily. I^at 
year (1903) 7.000 went to the Swim ehileU, 3,000 to 8coUaad. 
600 to the Rhine Valley, GOO to the Italian Lakes, whilst the 
yacht Ceglan, purchased in 1S96. and capable of accommodating 



POLYTECHNIC TOUBS AND OTHER VENTURES »a 



SOO pftadeogers, wus fuU every trip^ Roughly spe&king, mote 
than 12,000 people Iftet year took advantage of these aitAtip^ 
mcnto, exclusive of thoae availine themaelvos of the aeaaide 
homes, whicb &rc reetrieted to members. 

Apart from the extraordmary and entirdr itnfore»ecn df-velop- 
ment of the modest holiday arrangementd of seme tiftcen to 
fifghteen years ago. due in their mceptioo to Quintin Hogg'a 
solicitude for the boys under his eare fa development which in 
itself is a remarkable testimony to the enterprise and gcniue of 
Mr, MitehelL who ts primarily responsible for their org&oizAtion), 
these trips are noteworthy as a mo«t useful agency lu the eduea* 
tion of the middle dasaee. Foreign troTel cannot but enlightwi 
the mmd and broaden the intellect. To nuuiy of the pactJoi- 
pantfl these peraonaUy conducted toura must have proved an 
abaolute mental revelation t Once, when Mr. Douglas Hogg, 
who had accompanied a party to Rome, suggested a visit to the 
ForuiD» one uf the niembere replied^ " Oh. thank you, Mr. Hogg, 
I thick 1 don't want to see any more churchee to-day ! " Again> 
during a raUway journey in Switzerland, in the course of whioh 
the cburdi of Waaen wag visible .seven times finm seven di^etont 
points of vantage, one of the tourists, evidently anxious to 
show what an intelligoit interest he wa.*^ taking in his surround- 
ings, remarked upon the "extraordinary similarity of ehun"!! 
arehitec ture 1 " 

Considering the fees (liarged for these lours, it is little tihorl 
of mirBOuloua that they should even pay their way. Xot only, 
however, have they never caused a loss, hut, on ihe oontroiy, 
each year there is a most welcome bsJance, which is transferred 
to the general funds and devoted to the educational and social 
work of the Institute, 

ft is charaeteristic of the spirit animating the Institute, and 
which itfl founder was always striving to encourage, that no 
sooner w&re the trips for the members themselves organized, 
than a fund was started amongst them to send away thoHo who 
could not afford & holiday. In 1&90, 370 of the very poorest 
in tho diitriat (Harylehooe) vtete wni to Brighton for a week. 



i 



QinilTTN HOGG 




POLTTBCHNIC T0I7RS AND OTHER VENTCRES 2J7 

of the needy and j^Ace him again m the oomCort of home Ifo 
Alms^Tiiig nmj be, «nd ofton is, an imnuUgatcd carsDL li 
B(nmd« a Tery good thing to allow widows or poor stru g gl ing 
needlewomen so much a we^ to pay their nnt, bat it would be 
wen to inquire who rc&Uy got the baiefit of thn aUowaoce, and 
whether the wom&n who gets her rent paid ia not thus cnaUed 
to wofk dieaper than those who have no such fond to tall back 
upon, and thua the penon really benefited ia the own» of the 
slop abopa, who gete his woi^ done chfiaper than woold otherwise 
be pOQHiUe- Real charity is for a mao to give himself and all 
hia time- Th«Q his m<mey aod all else ia sore to f<^low.'* 

Another devdopmeot which dceeires brief mention is the 
** Snter Institate." In his eariy daja Mr. Hogg's miasion work 
lay almoat as much amongst giHs as amongst men, but as the 
Institute grew, he was obliged to concentrate hia attrition on 
that. Various dobs and homes, relics of hia eady woik, but- 
rived for many years, but graduaUy disappeared. Mre. Hogg 
had, however, continued her Sunday afternoon class for women, 
and such numerous petiUons were received from the mem- 
bers of it, many of whom were related to the members 
of the '* bovs* Poly.," begging that something might be done for 
them, that in 18S8, 16 I^ngham Place was secured and opened 
as ao Institute for Giris, run on the same lines as the boys' 
Institute. The subscription was 60. a year. During the day- 
time the premisea are now utilized for a day school,^ where the 
instruction is made as practical as possible, cookeiy^ drees- 
making, domestic economy, and dom^tio kindergarten finding 
a place in a proepectos which also inclodes chemistiy, book< 
keeping, mathematics and electricity. I^e need for such an 
Institute was clearly demonstrated by the fact that within the 
first six weeks one thousand members joined. Many of the 
Regent Street classes were thrown open to female students, in 
spite of a considerable and not umiatural reluctance on the part 
of the authorities to sanction an experiment fraught with 
possible disadvantages, hut no difficulty has ever arisen in 
* Now aumben 200. 



QtlXTTN HOGO 




POLYTECHNIC 



VENTURES 23» 



Mn. Hogg, Hre. Hoar«, Mn. Stutld &nd Urs. Wtchell Uke ft 
»p intOTMt in t!i« place and do all th&t lies in their power to 
jfuither the welfare and hAppineea of the members- 

Id ISfiS theGreat HaU of the R«gent Street Polytechnic h^ to 
be rebuilt, in order to Cal61 the requiremeDts the Lo&doD County 
Council hod decreed every public btulding miiat comply with, 
which chieHj dctJt with precauliona against or in caae of fire. 
Quintin Hogg, remembering the wonderful consecration of the 
origin&I h&ll. sent the following tetter* in which an invitation 
vnia endoseti, to every member — 



» 



On Sunday. Sept^nvb^ 25, I8B2, we moved from Lon^ Acre 
iQlo the PoK'tw^hnic. and aome 1,500 members cfovdi-d into our 
first g&thering in what vaa then oar Great Hall, and the influence 
of that meetuig haj never quite di«d out. On Sund&y next, ]9tii 
hist., at 3.30 precdaely, we propose opening the new <^ei&t H&11 
we have hem eumiiflled to build at great com, to SAtisiy tJie ntit 
wholly unreasonable requirezneintfi ol the London Ctmnty Council. 
I should iDDch lik^ to see Ltd opcniug celebrated by a meetinK 
HJmilsr in characler to thai to vltii-h I ha\"e referred. In no Idndred 
institute the world over ia there a heavier reoponflibility than that 
which restd on thoae who endeavour to make the FolytecJuiic all 
that Tl ou^t to be and may be. Nowhere else survly in Uiere a 
greater need for the Divine bleaaing- I beheve that you know 
that I hold a one hoiir'e service for )^ung men only ev«ry Sunday 
afternoon at 3.30. b8 I have done f^r ihe last thirty years, but I 
deeife to make our eervice ncTt Sunday a epecisl one, to which we 
can ail look back in years to come ae having Struck a higher note 
of brotherhood and unBelGshnns in our midst. If, therpfon^. 
you are not engaged in any de&iile Ctkriatiaa work on ilkat day, 
and live within rcovh oF the Polytechnic, will you come and take 
pert in our dtxlicatJOD service, confiecrating afrtah not only the 
building in whioli we ehall meet, but our own livcia and hearta to 
nobler and worthier purposes. In any case, wltcthcr present or 
absent, ^ive us a brother's prayer and a brother's rementhrauce 
on tbe I9th, and a brother'a sympathy always and at all times/' 



Tliie hall waa provided with a sliding roof, for Mr. Hogg 
w&a veiy particular nbout veatilalion and n'hat he called ''fre&h 
air," which some were apt to dub '* draughts.'^ He would have 
the roof opened whenever poasibley and often a sudden shower 
of r^n would send up all the utnbrellas amongst the audience 




240 gUlNTTN HOGG 

in mute protest, until the mftchinery iraa hurriedly started luid 
the n>of resumed ilfi accustom^ funotiooa. 

Hero il\c Saturd&y ovenin^ con^rtfl^ whioh hfid eiJfited on a 
sjntUl ficale tor many yenrs, were held until 1894, nhen the 
Queen'fi Halt w&e hired for ten SatiJrday evening between 
Ot'lob^^r and Clirwtiuas. The prices oF adiiii^r^xon to the members 
had always boen *Sd. and *kt., and tlie atx^omraodation boin^ 
limited, it waa extremely diffieult to give pood ooneerta without 
inourring ImanoiaJ ioee. The QueGn's Hall holds ^ 2,800 oa 
against 1;M) in tho Polytcchnto Hall, and off the gorefiiiik;^ 
body did not feci justifii^ in aanctiocinK the schenie, the Presi- 
dent agivin occpplfd all financial re^ponatbility. The membera 
can now obtain unreoen'ed seats for tlie scrips of corccrta 
for U.y or reserved seats For is. ^. Their friends can obtain 
through a member these course tickets at double prio^, vbilBt 
a certain number of eeat^ &rc rotGiued for the general public 
and aold al the door. Financiallj tho concerts have proved 
Helf-mjpport.ing, wliilsl Mieir uaefdnosa aa a medium for intio- 
ducing good niusir to thoat^ usually deterred by the prifie of 
ctmoPit tickets, Mpwiially itk Ihi-BP diiys. can warccly be ovcr- 
eatiiualfld. Ella Buasell, Belle Oile, Marian Alacken^ie, Ada 
CniEaley. SanLley, and Ffrangron Davie^* frequently eing at 
them, and to an aiidierit^ to whom tlie Opera, PhilljaimoniC 
concerts, etc.. are inaccmsible, tliese Saturday evenings mvtsi be 
a Ii1>era1 education. 

Concerts are frequently held hy the variouH "seetinnH" in 
the Great Hall, when smoking is usually permitted, fur tliou^i 
aa a gener^ rule nntoking in not allowed in the PolytechnJc, 
Bcceptions arc oeeasionally made to tliis regulation tn favtiur of 
concerts or simiEar festive gatherings. 

Quintin Hogg personally had an absolute hatred of smnking, 
both because he disliked the smell and because be considered 
it a bad habit likely to have injurbus effeets on the health. A 
friend who anted if he might go to the smoking-rviom at 5 
Cavendish Square, was conduct^ by his hust up and ever up 

* VmttMy. The Polyl^ahaic uakva it <sonl*in 3,S0O, 



1 



4 



POLYTECHNIC TOURS AND OTHER VENTURES Sll 



till thej emei^ed upon tho roof ; and it woa not until bia eons 
grew up th&t be would consent to ecDoking b^ing &Uowcd any- 
wbere in tbe bouef?. Ab ho wae traToUing down to HcUy Hill 
tmot^t ft young fcUow jiunpcd into the compartmont juat as the 
train wa^ starting, and Id a few momenta took out a cigarette 
ondproceoded toemoke. Mr. Hogg turned to him and said. '^ Eji- 
CUM me, sir, but it ia againet the company's regulations for you 
to smoke in a nonsmoking carriage." "I b^ your pardon," 
rcpbed tbe oGendcr, and threw his curette away. Some time 
afterwardfl Mr. Hogg wafl making himself eooifortjible by putting 
hia feet upon the opposite seat - the young man saw his chance, 
and said in the suaveet of tones, " Excuse mo, sir, but it is 
against the company^s regulations for you to put your feet on 
the ouahions/' Mr- Hogg thoroughly enjoyed this coat retort, 
and 1 think the oniokcr might have risked trying another 
cigarette without fear of rrproof if ho had but known hia fellow 
paeseDger, At HoUy Qill ho ua&d U> conBscatc any pipes or 
smoking materials he found lying about, and preserve them in 
what bo tenued hia ^* museum/^ whence the disconsolate owner 
knew it was useless to try and rescue bis ravished property. 

When tbe Borough Polytechnic was opened in 1892, Lord 
Roeebery, who was one of the apeakexe at that function, re- 
marked — "I do not know much ahoutinstniction, but I can claim 
to be an authority on recreation,'^ and went on to aasert that 
anyplace desirous of keeping young men out of bhepublio-booaee 
almiwt hopeleftsly handicapped itaelf by prohibiting smoking. Tbe 
^PaU AfaU GtuetU thereupon published this paragraph — * 

" It seems it ia all owing to tbe Cotmty Council ! Lcffd Rowbcry 
gmmbted a bit the other day at the South London Polytechnic 
because smoking, intoci citing liquors, dramatic entertaintucnta, 
and dajtcing were prohibited. Ho thoiiglit the ocope of amuee- 
imnts anduly Umitud, and could think of notliing more diaaabrous 
in the competition of the Pnlytechnicii with public'ho^ises than 
such prohibilioo. A rcprcflcntativo of the PaU MoU OazeStc saw 
Mr. Evan Spicer yesterday, and Baked him. as a leading Foljr- 
tecbnic man. hia opinion on tJie maitof. '* Well, yoo see, wc don't 
compete with pubUc-houses on the same level. We take higher 

1 By kind permissioD of Che proprietors of the FaU Mall OazaUA 




qrisTis eoGG 



tm^a^^ 



w^tftn i^mttm^ 






«f* 



M^^kBt 



^ I*^ 



i^^w^m 









v» m^^ IB 



« ^4*4^ 



POLYTECHNIC TODBS AND OTHEK VENTDBES 243 



at laat such &d euuioyuice ihal when I was Awsy in tho Wwt Lndke 
tbe fOGtnbers caUod ft general meeUng. Rnd closfd the fttnoking- 
room 00 a public nuisaQoc- Ja disciiffiiiig thie matUr I think it 
should be rwm^mberod Uiftt the Polyteclinic ie do! a worfcicfi men"* 
club, or even an adult TOBChaitica^ institiiLioa. tt is rampoaed 
QDtirely of the young ; inany aro Atill in their taciuiT and have aot 
done growing, and, whatever difftMenoe of opinion ntay exist oa 
to amoking in the abMract, an uftdufi and ^^x^Msive indulgeincre in 
it by young boys would, I imagiop, find favour with no oao> P^r- 
ocnally I i^iculd havs no great objfNrtlon to a Bmokin^'rooiii, if 
the taattt Vtf« large and vtU'VenEilated and meaaiircH wera takvi 
to guard against the vrils I have pointed out. At iho Wbohrieh 
Polytechnic, with which 1 am also concerned, we have tried to 
overcome tlte diifieulty by allowing emokiog in our largest refrah- 
nuTxt room between the houre oi eight and ten p-m. It should, 
I think, bo borne in mind thatr the Polytechnic tA not deaigned to 
offer indd«f>n]enU to loa&ig and idlent«a. Moat of tha young men 
who attend at Regent Street are vigorous and active, and bxisily 
engaged throng the eveoiog in boxing, gymnastics, thi^ varioiis 
debating socieEiedor c^Tnhn, orin eome one of the many laducational 
claaaoa. It ia not part oE our bufincHB to offc-r induccinonU to 
young fellows to negkct these legitimat* occupations or omuee^ 
menta for the soke of l&zying in mmfortable chaira with pipfA in 
thoir mouths, 11 a meoibor wishee to smoko he has abundant 
opportunity of doii^; so on his way to the Polytechnic, or after 
tenving the Polyuwhnic, going home- The only difficulty, m far 
aa I know, which haa arisen in the matter* ie in tho coae of the 
concerts and social meetings of the ^-arioua cluba, where in aotne 
cases smoking would be de«ii«d by many of th& memb«re, and 
would be legitimate ezwugh, Smoldng is allowed in the boat- 
houaet the athtetio club, and hanieni' dre^ng-fooms, and Otbcc 
Hiroilar placee connwriwl with the In<rt.itutie> but at the present 
moment every room in our R^ant Stiwt building ia fully occupied 
by one or other of tho 600 wecAcly olaseea, or for atlJeiic or reading 
porpoBee. and we hare no larga room to spare for cmoking. I 
sometuneB lend a lafge room at the back of my Own hOQSa for 
umoking-con-XTta* but I trust it ia the r^verw of uncomfortable, 
and Lho laat thing in the world I Hhould seek to do — your imagina- 
tive interviewer notwithjetaading — would be to open a room for 
^mOttr smokers, and th«n doLiberatelj to make it imcomfortablc and 
^^BkcommodioEiK. ff ever we do have a smoking-room at the Pnty-. 
^^B ifl probable enough, I think, that we may rMtriet the hours during 
^■Wuch its USB sluU be pennittedT but we shall wish it to be likn 
evfirything else at the Poly., as brlgtit and eliaery as Uiougbt and 
goodwill can make it. Finally, if Lord Hoaehery ia really solicitous 
^^Mbout the unfortunates who are denied the use of their pipes, I 
^Krill [nake him a Iw offer. Our cry at the Folyt«chmo baa akw^ 



Ml 



^PH^I^MW 



gcTDim oooo 



Dtfato-WcMl 






•Mr. 



LC«i 



4Ui3^ 






Aft 






^n^ 






POLYTECHNIC TOTTRS ANT> OTHER VKNTOKES 2ifl 



» 



I 



had evmi been aware of the eiutence of any London alnba and 
inatitulcs to which they could apply ; the majority appealed to 
have discovered them qoite accidentally. It ui precisely these 
youths, drifting aimleHly about the great city, often homeleas 
and friendlesa, who are moat liable to soccumb to the temptations 
that a«sail them on all sides, moet dangerously prone to drift 
into pernicious company and undesirable surroundinga. Mr. 
Hogg felt conrinced that could they bat find some pLaoe where 
they were welcomed and lielped when they first arrived, where 
opportonitieg for healthy occupations presented themwlves, 
their lived mi^t be directed into he&lthy channeb, and thaa 
many of then country lads might be protected from the epecioue 
attractions of London disaipation^, whioh »o terribly often leftd 
them eventually into Uvea of vice and ahatne. 

In 18^1 ui attempt waa made to oope with thie need by the 
establishment of a " Reception Bureau '* for the benefit of those 
young men and women (estimated at about 10,000} who annually 
migrate from the provinces to the capital. The principftf 
difficulty was to eatabliah adequate communication between 
thtiB influx and the boreeu. The heads of all rcli^oua dcnomina- 
tiona were approached and their cordial co-operation secured; 
a fetter was sent to coery clergyman and minister through- 
out England ; framed notices were hung in the Y.M.G.A.'s 
waiting njoms at railway Btationa; a list of all institutions in 
London was eompOed and given to every one who parsed through 
the office ; poatmaatera, school teachers, in fact, any one likely 
to come into touch with those leaving their homes to seek their 
fortunes in London was communicated with and aaked to 
recommend the wanderers to go to the bureau^ but at the same 
time, every notice isQued pointed out the undesirability of 
adding to the overcrowded labour market of London, unless a 
■ituatioQ had already been secured, a warning which always has 
been, and probably always will be. disregarded by youthful 
dreamers of dreama- A comptcbenaive list of respectable 
lodgings was abo prepared, for Mr- Hogg waa deeply intereatcd 
m the bousing of youmg men, and bad be lived, there ia little 




Me 



QDUmN HOGG 



d(«bt 



be would h^Tv eatebliBfaed & raaidicatkl boaoe Ibr yoii^ 
vhora MkBe d tike enb d LaBdon Ue mj^l be mitjgftbed. 



t«\> v^ora' expenaK*e, it wtA fotmd 
that ibe bolk of tliooe coming to LoodCB 
tl «M dvcoied ft Dftftvnl and naeU derakipaieot for tfae 
to ^M» IkM ■ §mimm ^ A UboB Bvcu lud 
lor tte Mft cf the fbcn <rf 
* b«l to estoDdito ifkn to 

■UcB iMb BLMKil, proved wo 
tt^ 1km rill ill iMi UtiM Bmtmm im aaw ncag- 

«f te 




^;^ 



1 



POLYTBCHmc TOURS AND OTHER YISTTURES 247 

BmMDx oha^geftble on Uie ntoB, and after a oocfaoooe held 
at the Polyteohnio in 1901, an Act^ wu paaeed in Fftriiunent 
empowering the Metropolitan Boroo^ OonninU to do ao. 

1 Ilia Laboor Bnnwu of Loadon Act (2 Bdwud tEj o IS), Jnhr 
98,1402. 



XI 
GUMPSES INTO A BU8Y LIFE— I 

The beat portjan oi & good Dua'i life, 

Hia littla nAmetm, iinreaienibcrod Hta 

Of kindiMai and of love. WosDCwoBra. 



OLIMFSIS INTO A BUSY LtnC — I 



I 



T has been mentioned that Sir James Hogg's eldest son, 
who bad been created Baron MagberamomeT wa« CUairman 
of the Metropolitaa Board of Works. In 1888 this body waa 
dieaolved and reconstructed aa the L<indon County Council, 
The first poll for the nev' body was held in January, 1889. 
Quintin Hogg had toben the deepeat tnlcreet in Mr. Kitchie'a 
Bill,* which he thoijght was cast " in a really liberal spirit." 
fie uiged the members very etrongiy not to n^ect their priti- 
lege of voting. *' No Bill/' he said, " though it come j^traight 
from the New Jerusalem, will be of any service whatever unleaa 
the citizens tako tho trouble to mako use oE the privileges bestowed 
upon tbcm." Uo ur^ed them not to loec sight of the fact that 
the work of tbo Loudon County Council waa not legislative 
bat adnuoiatrative. and therefore not to confiider the politics 
of tho candidates, but solely (heir qoaliticatiuns for the post* 
auch ofi eiperiecce in dealing with large sums ol money, teclinJcal 
or local knowledge cf the needs of the poor> or proved powers 
of aduiinistraLion, He himi^ was elected Alderman' in 
February of that year, and aerved on the CouuluI until March, 
1895, when leeting that he waa noL able to perform liia duties 
in a aatiafoetoiy mauner owing to the streas of other matters. 

1 I.,ocaI Govuninioiit Act |F)AA. (fll and fi2 Vict. cap. 91.) 
* " Mr, QuuitiiL H'Jii^ v¥oa t^lectfiU &ii /Udurmuu ut uo adjoammeut of 
the FiraC Meotinx °i the PiwuIaneJ Council, lifild i>it Gtli Pabruary, {SBB. 
He *ad placed third aa the Hat of the 19 AlJermen elected, rocoiviiig 104 
VOtQB. At a la,ter Bta^e of the saiuc niDetiii^^ ia tho liultot to dcciilD the 
H> Aldenaeti whn nhaiiUi rptire Rt thn end ol' Ihre« y^ora, Mr, Hu^t nuEafl 
dH Tint appnkT. The pentwt Uit which ha whs flWted Aldflnnaii was 
bvixrrJiiL^rlv a\x yuan^, faia tvrtu uf tjQkv (nidiiig ia 1895. (Cuuncit Mlcutai, 
Cth February , lSd9.) 



2SQ 



QUINTTN HOGG 



bt E^tired. Daring that period be trad a member of tlie Hotuiog 
Committee from t890 tmtil 1S9S. when the Public Hadth &nd 
Houaing Committee vroA formed^ and he ceoeed to aerre. The 
aubjeet which chicBj engroaaod \m attention, and to which ho 
devoted moet of the time he v&s Able to 3pckre to bis &]dermAnic 
duties, wv, naturaJly, technic&l educfttion* He ut on & 
apecittJ committoD from 1S92 to 1694. No record oE Bpeecbed 
dehTered at the meetingB b kept, and the only occd^ion on 
which Mr, Hogg took a proiuinent part in the procoedings was, 
1 lanoy, in 1892, when he moved that £30,000 of the "whisky 
moDcy " ' ahould be set aaid« for purposes of technical education, 
a resolution which was seconded by Mx- Sidney Webb. This 
*' whiahy money *' (the proceeds of Lord Qoochen's Act of 1890) 
bad been handed over to the County Cooncils by Parliament 
DsoonditioDaUy, though with a recommendation that it shoiJd 
be used for educational purposes ; it had, however^ beeo applied 
in lowering the t&Us and for other similar purposes until Uiia 
amendment of Mr, Hogg*e waa adopted, t have referred in 
a prevbufl chapter to the methods of asaifltanco open bo the 
London Coujity Council/ As the movement developed, mole 
and more of tbe available money wb» set aside for educational 
purposee, mitil at the present time, out of the £200,000 available. 
£192,000 is etpended in this manner, between £40,000 and 
£fi0,000 b«ing spent m soholarahipa alone^ 

Another scheme in which Quintln Hogg was much intemted 
during ISSd wad the fn nnrlmg of a Polytechnic at Woolwieh. 
Re had long cherished a dedtre to start an Institnte there. 
** There is no place in England/' he said to ?bfr. T. A. Denny, 
** where you have a more certain dienUU.*' Theie wei« a 
number of former Polytechnio members employed at the Aretvial. 
who were always begging him to found one. and he would gladly 
have done v>. were it not that neither health, pocket, nor time 
ooold have stood the Btraln ! One room was Lndeed secured 
where hltle aociaJ gatherings were held, but this was of eourse 
hopelessly inadequate compared to the requiremenca of 13,000 

1 S»paffSfi3i«. 



GLIMPSES INTO A BtTSY UFE— I 



263 



mechftnics 1 EventuaUy hia enthi»i&STn inspired others, uid 

through th^ geaeromty r>f Meflsra, T. A. &nd E- M- D^nny, Lord 

Kinoaird and Mr. Cony, the lea^e of a house stAnding in ito own 

garden w&a procuradt % gyiruULsiiim built. &od ^ucatit^n&l 

cl&8de« Atarted. The eecret&ry of it, Mr, Didden, w&a one of 

the original momb&tv of the modeet little institute started ID 

Caatle Street, 

At th& Qonuneacement of ite (*Areer the " Woolwich infant," 

aa ^t waa callsd, foHovred in the footsteps of ila parent institute 

and throve amazingly, ho much so that in 1^92 a nephew of 

Mr. Uogg^s, Mr. Charles Campbell^ took ap hia residence there 

in order to deroto all hia free time to the work. There were 

then nearly 1,000 mambers and students, and the consequent 

rapid incroaae of classes, etc., involved v&ry he-avy outlay on 

the part of the tnuteee, who personally provided all the 

requisite funda.^ Grants were indoed obtained from the Charity 

CbmmiBsionerB and the ±^oit?nco and Art Department, and it 

waa arranged that grante would bo made by the Technical 

Education Board of the London County Council aa eoon as the 

Roveming body waa ao constituted aa to adinit of the ropre- 

^ntatioD of tbe Board, hut thcfie grants were not HufScieut 

to cover the deficit, which continued to grow heavier and heavier. 

On June 30, 1894, (he Polytechnic wna closed by order of the 

trustees, who did not feel thomnelvea able to bear any loni^ 

the increaomg financial burden. This decisive otep aroused 

great oonBtemation in Woolwich, and a public meeting waa 

cnnvened to conaider what steps could be taken ta resuscitate 

the educational and social work^ Early in July the closure 

waa officially reported to the Teclmic^d Education Board, when 

it woA slated thiit be^iilet^ an initial outlay of £11.000, a con- 

fiiderable liahiKty had been incurred by the trustees on current 

aceouoL, and that an annual sum of £3»S50 would be neceduary 

if the Institution was Co he carried on, though the fees and 

grants might be relied upon to cover £1,400 of this snm^ At 

t Thvy wer« : Lord KiniiAird, Sir Sppam Maryon WUflon, Measra. 
T. A. and E. H. D»nny. Quintia Hogg, J. CoRy, W. Andenon, C- A. 
Cunpbell, A. N. ]>aiiDy, 



QUCiTOTHOGQ 

the tAtae time Hr- Hogg (with the conwiit of the othar Irmlrro) 
Mlvancnl the floggcstioQ ihrni the Woolwich Pbljtechnic ahoald 
be talun over by the Tochnica] fiducfttioci Bo&rd uniler the 
eSowing ocmdttvnu: 

1, Th»i the vitire intcnnt of the eaistiDg tnistecsa be made 
ornsr to a gi^venuos bf>]y of, aay, fifteen mrmbcnw of whom twolvv 
tkmM MOntt partly nf the nomiiufifl of ih» T»fanical EducotioD 
t3<Mnl, Aod putfy of the nnmmnrft oE the Ct^ pBTOchial FouadBtioo, 
rcmaiiuiis thrco to be ootiiui««e ol the trTirtinE tmsleca. 
^ That the Institute ba carriMl od nndiT a Khenw to be apfvoved 
*.hy lfa« Charity CommiBiozHn, and whiefa thaD be, mn^atU mtdamdi», 
-mxaOXy auailar to that aodat which the Polrtechiuc (Bcgeni SItobM 

3l In eoDeidcntioQ of the Ur^ exp«i«9trhich haa b«>9a mouRvd 
hy Iho tr<JBt«>ee in bnildinfi uid maint^nAoc?, tbey desire to be gmu 
Ifae free use of the iiall and Hurh adjninlngrocinfl «« may beoccfwaary 
m SnadajB for tbe porpoee of boldixig Bdch i imr 1 1 ariar i reltgpou 
Wrrioea aa cottre wittiin the ocope of the schemaa with libcrtj to 
pot iq» BOtJcee in oertatn agnvyl places infamung tha mmnbCTii of tlw 
aocMtaoM of mch serviccB. Funbomonr. that the geaor&I lioaa ol 
the Poljtccbnjc (Rfgmt Street) aa to the adioianoa of religioaa and 
social work, are to bo foDowed aa doa^ly aa poaaiUe. 

4. Ab to financed, the tmateee are prepared to pay op all ootgomg* 
to June 30 laat, on conditiaa that Ihey i«oen« from ibo Tecboical 
Bducaftion Board tliB want of £706 fii. Id., which* aa it af^^eara Crom 
the Boord'H agviida. the Woolwich Polybwfanic wiU be ectHied to 
whoa a oati&fact^ry governing body haa been «atabliahed. 

0. Tbe above iirrangf?m?ntwiU involve iho nrwoaity of thetmateea 
flndmg a further sum of £6,000 with intenst to defray the advaooe 
of thfiir bankets. They aek, therefon?« tJiet the fittin^i &nd fumitw 
of due Institute be tokoo aw by the Board at a valuation to be 
■Dade by ■oaia independeat ptnon to be mDtaally agreed upon, btit 
at an acnoant not exceeding C900. 

The Board, after having diacusaed Ihcae proposalfip adopted 
the foUowing reeolutiooa : 

M ThaU in oovodetation of the an?ency of th& oaae, the Boa>d*a 
itanding oiden bo ampeaidiBd, and that the dqaitatinn nppciintod 
by the poblie meeting ^ cm Saturday lart be rcoeived on July 10 
•t five o'clock. 

(5y Tlun. the b«t thanks of the Board he givon to the tnaitoui 
lor the OfEv contained in Mr- Quintin Hogg's letter of Ju^ iS. 

■ Akwly rdcmd to m hanna boKi bakJ afc Wwlwiolk 





^ GLIMPSES INTO A BUSY LIFE-I SBB 

Hukt these pnqxioalA be accsptecl, provided a achemfl eatisfftctory 
to the Boafd be appraved by th« Charity CommisaloiiArs not latCT 
than July 3J, and that the Charity CcmmiAf^ioDerB be requoHled U> 
prepare a 4cLeu» for the regulatioii of the roljtechiitc^ mad the 
ttppotntment of a goreming body in accordance with tha propouUfl 
eoDtained m Mr, Hogg's letttf , but vith such modi&oations ad may 
b« agre«d upon, 

(c) That providHi that the Wnolnif^h Ix*ca\ Board do contributa 
£500, ard that tbe proecnt grant oF £400 per annum from th& 
Central GovomiEiK Body of the Loodcm Panwhial QukHtics bo in- 
creoBod to £1,500 p(T annum, or that an equivaJent amount be 
obtained from the War Office or some othor aouree within six 
months, the Board will be prepared to make a grant of £1,500 per 
annum for two yeare towards the rnainienanffi of the Institute. 

(d) That, on condition that at l(«st £2.500 be provided by th» 
Central Goveminc Body, the War Office, or some other source, 
n/itliin thfl npxt two years for building purposen. 111** Board be pn*- 
pared to recommend a grant of £2.500 towardfl equipment, luoh 
grant to include the item of HBQ already promiaed under certtUn 
iXinditionB. 

Both pcotieo having agreed to the eLipulatione aaggested, 
teniporajj arrangenieatA were mode for the GontiQuatioD of 
the classes during tbe etisuiug aewi^n unLil the ra^oiu public 
bodies coacenied ahoiild h&ve bad time to co-operat« aud to 
draw up a permanent Hcbeme of m&nagenient- The Cesitral 
Governing Body and the War Ol!iee had agreed to provide 
the GCHitributlDiia asked for; it was not indeed unreasonable 
to eipcct the latter to do so, Hicice tbe large majority of those 
who benefited by the Polytechnic were jn ita employ, and the 
technicaJ education work there might very weU rdieve it of 
the neceHflit-y of providing corresponding claasaa withm the 
precincts of the arsenal. 

The firat meeting of the new governing body, compofied of 
fifteen members/ woa held on Jaouary 30, 1895^ Quintin Hogg 
was unanimoualy requeeted to assume the office of Chairman. 
a position he filled until his deatji- He oft«n found it no easy 
task to induce the veiy divers elements of which the cominittfie 
waa oompoaed to work together harmonioufllj : oeeasional 

1 Appciatod thuM — Gvo by the Technioal F^duuatioD B4>ajd ; tour by the 
CantraL Oox-aming Hodp -. ihno by tho Woolvieb Local Board of Hoaitb i 
•od thr*» by the fcTnur tnut««i. 



I 



QUINTIN HOGG 



fnctiOD vms fttmoat meyitttble in & body of taea drawn Erom 
widdj divorgeait Boume, md the attitude asaumed hy 
ol Um» membofa waa dishearteaiog and di«trCBBiiig, aot 
tmfy to him. but to Iboae of hia coUooguce who were koenly 
dcoiTDOS of derrJcprng tb& Ploljtechiuic oa th« tiQts vhich had 
fann fmiDd «> ■nmrarfiil in Ri^^cBt 8tn»L 1^ FoiyteciiiuD 
ODoU bp. and was, nrwiJilmJ niHvfy aa an adncatkoal inalni' 
msit hj the Tvcfaniml EducsbtkiD Boaid, wfakb ww slriotJj 
oonlinH to the povm coi^Kiwd I7 tin TbchniEal ImbwrUoo 
Acta,' and undef tfao c x pmtnceJ and aUe gudance of th»t 
bod^ it munlairufd and mhanced its rvpntatnn m that dlrvctioQ- 
With the Mocal aod re4ig»cB aspects of FN^hrtechiiic activrtj 
t^ Bovd «MNikl Dot ouDonn itself. Ur. f^mjApli had b«B 
ofc^ri tlm^ a-hnhh to fdnqoU hk poat. and aAs IIh 
KMsltUili nnal rhaogm just nronkd these hgapc b ni of th« 
iD^ii^psd ^M||iuaw Cm nyJMy 
Xb «■* «te BnwwAwii Oen of ofDal 

tbfl coold uX fafl to b« der^ 

a^ BStilEBlftM noitcvir be lax^Hj 

vhs^ bf the 

ag g cfiig of te own jaftiwuj psmeacea th» 

wUh iu pwK»al at— Mty ol 

«f 
At Woolwich 

itf what «h a ifaM Ao^l be^ 

ba i^BiUad la iMa pwi^ a^ ^ ^ 




vsatm U> foAtet and reinvigorftte the eocial tuid religioiu work, 
but be decided that the oUima of his own Polylechnio moat como 
fitetfOcd th&t it would be neither wise oor right to neglect them. 

How beAry those cUimB were it U &lmo6t imposaible for any 
one to realize. 1 ecarcely dare hope to convey any true tmpree- 
EDon ol the |ier90naJ eiemont in Quintia Hog^'a work, because, 
although it was the roost characteriatic feattire. and the one 
to which he attached moet importanoe, it was always done in 
sa6h a private and personal manner that it was a doaed book 
to all saro the countleae nnmbere who beac^ted by it. 

The national woik be built up waa of a kind that concealed 
rather than revealed tbe personality of its originator. He bad 
an intense dialike to publicity or display of any kind, and waa 
inclined to be almoet hj^rsenaiiire in auch matters. Such 
feelingH aa these, inteneified by the deaire to moke his work as 
independent oe poeeibEe of any temporary human a^^rncy, inclined 
him always to tty and obliterate the individual element, and 
to inflist upon tbe geociic self-sufficiency of the enterprise as 
much aa posuble. He eu for Buc4]eeded in tlmt Lhe movement, 
like an ever^incroOAing ocean wave, gathered during hia lifetime 
fiuflGcient momentum to prevent tlie removal of any one factor 
parof^itibly retarding ite progreea- But tbia very evolution 
of his work from a peraonal religious effort into a pbilanthropio 
achievement affecting the trend of national education and thus 
of national life, waa entirely unfnr&iQen, and even landeaired. 
The founder of tbe Polytochnio only possessed to a very limited 
d^ree that power of bfliiencing tlie tlioughta and dir^itiikg the 
actions of mosses of people which la usually the attribute of 
the pioneer in national movements : it waa in individual inler- 
coorae that his personality mode itedi so strongly felt, and it 
waa his peraonal frisndahip with auch vast numbers of the young 
men whoee lives were brought into temporary contact with 
his own that gave him hia influence over them, prlmnrUy aa 
radlvidoals, and then as a claas. The very roodoaty of hb work 
in its inception was largely the secret of its rapid develapmesit, 
He aought not «o much to aUeviat« tbe sufferings of " the poor " 




£S6 



QTTINTIN HOGG 



as those of the individuals witli wbom he came into touch ; his 
qniokDess of aympftthy aoon led htm to a nghtful diviiutioii 
d their personal aeeds, wfalch he btrove to supply. But the 
needfl of thaw be g&Lhered round him, rightjj inteipretod, were 
tl oeoewity repreaentAttve of the needs of their claaa. uid the 
laiigeaen of tua generosjfy impelled him to Atiive to Batisfj the 
dmiaiHla of &Ji incrmging number of iruUridtiaia aa liia oppor- 
tunities aUow^, until he awoke to find that his ei&mple had 
HTMued & naliooal recognition of those needs, and a national 
derire to provide for them more adsquately. But long before 
this widespread interi?st hftd been kindled, as soon, in fact, 
as the oniversfrtity of the demand for the physical and ednca- 
tional advantages he was olTermg to the Institute membere wa£ 
borne ID upion him. he began to eodeavonr to place that side 
at lesft oE brs work on a more peimonent basis than was ponible 
9D long aA it depended on him alone even for financial Buppoit. 
He strove to eliminate the pennnal eli^metit and to substitute 
a bufiineaS'like foundation wbich should enable the work to 
continue whale ver happened to bim. This he effected so 
SDCpcesfifuUy that the material proeperity of the Polytechnic 
has in no degree been damaged by the Io£h of iU founder- It 
is in the inner, bidden life oi the Institute that one must k>ok 
for moiQ potent evideooea of the personality of Quintin Hogg^ 
"the boy^fl friend," who created the work that must now be 
aoooonted so far greater than he; in the numberieas haarto 
chat ached with a sense of irremediable loaa when they heard 
that he was gooe^ in the countleee homes and livea whore Lia 
departure has left a gap none can ever fill. This gradual 
emer^:ence of the Polyteehnk into an independent, aelf- 
supporting activity (towards which he was ever urging it) has 
made it almost impoesible to prevail the life of Quintin Hogg 
presenting itself rather as the History of the Polytechnic ; yei 
aveo in considering that somewhat impersonal aspect of his 
woric which 1 fear I have not succeeded in avoiding, it is im- 
portant to remember the complexities of the man who was the 
dais ST wtaeAma ; the ricfaaeas of poetic imagination and virila 



GUMF8ES rVTO A BUSY LIFE— I 



269 



strength of inteUeet ; the sensitive, highly Stnmg peraonality, 
vibrating vith eympathy Euid tenderness and the unfimching 
fltemneea with which he would mete out justice or puniah wrong' 
doing \ the boieterouf viUility, delisting in activity of mind and 
body, revelling in sport and adventure, fretting ag&inst tlie Limi- 
totioQB of ili-heaJth &nd mental exhAtietion, ond the Btrongth 
of roticcncCf of silent cndiir&iico ; the delightful whimsical humour 
and intense enjoyment of the Lndieroos eLoment in all things* 
and the yeaming over the pain &nd aorrow end sin m the world ; 
they made of his }ife ondloee inner livee. each contributing 
towards the sncoees of the ^holc. and evidences of each 
cati be traced in the manyeidt^dncas of his enterprise, and in the 
itnfaiting sympathy with aad roady championship of every 
tentative com men clement of fresh activity within the Poly- 
tec^hnio. whether spirituat, mental, or physical. 

Some one once likened him to a mountain which one must 
view from a distance and from all sides in ordor to realize the 
gnuid beauty of it^ entirety- It would be unless to examine 
handful of it, misleading to judge it by one rock or green slope, 
itiful aa they might be- One must remember the Gnn 
\, and the towering summit oft veiled by mist and clouds ; 
the bidden treasures that remain even though the rxtemal 
portions may change and modify their outlines with time; 
the aheitering rocke, the well-worn patlis, and the faetneeoes 
that are inoccesBiblo to men. or revealed only to a favoured few. 
Quintiti Hogg waa peculiarly fitted to mtdertoke a great 
pioneer work- HIh em>rmuLU] capacity for work, phenomena) 
memory for faces and names* and ma^etlo inHuence were 
invaluable weapons to him, Qo used to describe Iiid power 
over otiiers as a *^eort of instinct or capacity.'^ He certainly 
had that fi>uniUtio[i to build on, but instinot alone would not. 
have su£1i(:ed. It waa hts ungrudging giving of ftimsrl/. hia 
example of unfailing kindnees and goodness, and his constant 
desire and eflurt to obliterate all diiitinct ions of social standing, 
breeding, or habit that gave him hia hold over a class admittedly 
dif^ult to induBDce- His was one of those rare natures to 



* 



QUINTM HOGG 

wImth aU In trouble or dutrett n&tor&Uy turned ; he seemed 
t5 ruli»te eynip&thy anct understanding, ajid hia iDsight into 
hUTMB aatorei ti\» tAot and wonderful breadth of mind enabled 
bin to ••• thr diftioultj or worry from the etondpoint of the 
pifnn be v«« flpeftkinfG to, and to say or do the thing that wouJd 
pnv* «f pMtHi aoftiatanco to that indiTidual oatore. 

Hh gtvM dMto vita to moke the Institute a " home ** to the 
boytt and uoe ft hoiDe reqoirei a pirot, or at least some central 
■iltrMi to bind the i&Mnben of it tcgBther , ho wished to be 
«Ni^]r« UMce. Hi* was oonatantly hegginf; the memben to 
" tvm up m th«^ working draM." whibt be hiHuw^f voold never 
fn into the PaJytechnk in dron ciothce, for fear the difl erenee 
k >ffiwl altbt tand to iMto » gaB 
«DBi^ ht vm Koiv to ftltakd 3one 
•tdBCmtkin lor Ifaeir feeling made hiB eqaaly pvMAiiMH aboot 

hife^btaHril tovMmi tfe M^knhyaBjioaMl titlB. In 

ifacn*«i7l 

i 

eT 
_ _ _, , rfe— 

1 
to li 

I 




GUMPSES raro a busy ufe-'I 



sei 



" Ooog more then, ' A Happy Now Ycttr' »nd yean npoD ywn, 
till that one Hhsll c<ime which nhoM vRher us into tphe prtioence oE 
Hun Whom, though we h&ve not B«ea, we love, there to find th« 
reaflon why of bU God'd dealing with ofl, in our own cboroctcra 
mode like unto Hi& Me(Lnwhil»— 

' Fill op the year with what wilt Liut, 

Buy up the moiueaLfl ae they go. 
The Lfe abov^ wbon thin is paelf 
Xi the ripo ffnit of life below/" 

Hie " boy's heart &nd boy's brightneaa " be himself retained 
ttU hia f&st i]ay- Neither lU-heaTth nor worry nor disappuiitL- 
ment had any power to crush the exuberaai» of hta vitabty 
where his work waA concerned. No matter how blacic the cloitdrt 
th&t ovBrhuDg his spirits, he would always roiiw hiiofldf when 
be w«Qt amongst his *^ hoya.^* One wimld have thought the 
Polyteclinic was hb sole care, to eee him there, walking amongst 
the crowds) of membera, apparentJy knowing eac*h one by name, 
remembering each one^s difficulty, or interest, or ambilion. 

^' It 19 better to tnmble yoareetf needlessly witli half a dozen 
impogtora than to turn away and crush one really worthy fellow, '* 
he wrote to a fellow- worker. 

It is not an eafly theoiy to o^rry into practice, for It is bound 
to lead through aucb mazes of disiltusiomaent, of wasted eEfcrt, 
and of misplaced LV>nfideiice, that even the stoutest hearts are 
apt to be discouraged, and Tosing faith in human nature, to 
reject such a line of conduct as impracticable. But though 
such experiences most have been very coromcn in a life >o full 
of charitable effort, they seemed lo pass by leaving the sweet- 
nesa of his nature and the Jargencda of his chanty untouched 
by any tinge of bittemesa or cynicism. He would never 
judge the moat auspicloua of *'caaee" without investigating it 
thoroughly, and I never heard of his refusing at Least to listen 
to any supphcant for his aid* 

Tbw was indeed the oaae to a very rematkablo degree, for 
he remained to the end of his career if anything, too unsua- 
picioua. "Su4^h as every one ia inwardly, &o h^^ judges out- 
wardly." ^ and inospableof any sortof trickery ordeceit himself, 
1 Ihomui h K«tipi*. 



^s 



QUTNTra HOGG 



be waa alow to suspect it in others, and though he made a point 
qI carefully mv^tigating erery ca«e to which he contemplated 
giving any material assistance, and hh experience and natural 
acut^nesa prevented his falling a victim to mere fabricated 
etoriee of fictitious diatrefis, tf the fraud waa in the man rather 
than in the coee, be was 7ery apt to paaa it by andetcctcd, and 
having given his conhdence he would ahampion the cause of 
his protSgi loyally, and was most difficult to convince that 
his trust wad misplaced. Hid optimism led h^m to believe the 
beet possible of everybody and everything, whibt his enthusiaam 
waiS prono to carry him into too implicit conHdcnoe in any 
cauBe that had aroused bla intoreat of sympathy. 

Of counie bis simple eipeclation of the eventual emergenco 
of tlie good in every nature ofler influenced the boya aroimd 
him more powerfully than anything else oould have done. It 
appealed to theii lionoiir, and ipurred them Into efforU to merit 
bia good opinion of them. Ho himself once told his Sunday 
class a story illustrative of this. He had promised to give 
one of his old ** Poly, boya ** who was poasing through London, 
a bed in his hoaoe. Wlien he went into his library during the 
evening inteuding to have a talk with the boy, ho was surprised 
to find him preparing to go out, aoi did he return till nearly 
eleven o'clock^ Tlien he confeAsed that he had feJt so sure Hr. 
Hogg would ask him whetlier he bad been doing anything to 
brighten other lives, that very shame at feeling he could give 
no satisfactory answer to the query bad prompted htm to go 
and sit with a nick lad whom he knew in London and cbeer 
him in his looeliness. before facing Iiis kindly monitor. 

A man of medium height, sturdily built, with well shaped, 
small feet and bands ; broad shoulders supporting a moaave 
head witli a hindly, open face; cloeely trimmed beard and 
monstflclie somewhat softening the vigoruns outline of chin and 
Jaw and hiding the Ann, straight line of his lips, which gava an 
impranion of strength and determinaUon unounting almnst to 
Btemneea, had it not been for the kindliness of his blue eyes, 
set deeply in hia head under a broad brow, whose qitlck, roving 



GLniPSES INTO A BUSY LIFE— I 



263 



gt&zKCfl w«re full of hucpoiir «ad geni&lity. Hie b&ir, vtuch had 
beeD very ftbuEKUat when be w^t a boy, w«a woefully thinoed 
by iU-^hoftHh whilst he v&a still ik compAratiTelj young tnan, 
&nd bad turned almoat whit« before hi^i death. Jt wb» ui 
interesting, Gxpre^ve f&oe, strongly indic&tiTe of the penoo' 
olitj of ite owner, but io repose it bore Alfn the trmces of coastant 
l&bour, of great reBpotiaibtlities uid their incambeDt worries 
bomie patiently through the lie^t aitd eticss of a long day. Such 
wa£ ihe %are that might oonatAntly be found aEuong the 
members of the Polytechnic^ mixiug trilh the cniwda that aaaero bled 
ia the ha1l.liitgendoDthegymiiaaiuing&]lery,Dr streamed toand 
bom class nnims and entertaiiimeiita ; he moved among tfa^m, 
cheerily greeting the Familiar faces, yet eveir quii^k to tiote itome 
'* new member'* Btanding a little apart from the buHtle atid 
life, feeding perhaps rather strange and lonely ui a place wh^re 
everybody apparently bad some friend, and he aTone knew no 
one. Think what it meant tosuchaone to reoehe anunlooked- 
for wdoome tif friendly wi^rds^ Listen to what one of thom 
says It meant for hun — 

'* 1 attended the enginwring elaescfl at the Poly, for some years, 
aod during that time mvived ntany, many kiiidnveses at hia 
hanrln. T shaLl nevef forget hia warm pnyting on the 6ret night 
1 w<uit to tho Poly, it wftd raining, and 1 felt strange and mifieroble 
and not sure if 1 should stAj, when ho put hia l^nd on tay web 
fihouM^r, and looking into myftuw said eome hindwordsof w^liHynri: 
and ended by Baying, 'Ood bl««fi yaa, my lad.' I felt do doubt 
then ae to whether I iihould stay or not. I cau nt'Ver say half that 
he did for nH-, but he helped me to lead a truer and better XUgJ^ 



* 



Nothing eacaped those deep-set, penetrating eyee. Did one 
boy pass by quietly laughing, "Q. H." must be admitted into 
the joke^ Another perhnpa with lU-hefilth or Buffering marked 
on his face, *' Q. H.*' mUiSt know the c&oae, what waa being 
done* and what the doctor advised. Another with a frown 
of anxiety or woiry on hiB brow, " Q. H-'' raust try to charm 
it away with sympathy or his own sheer irreaiattble buoyancy 
of spirit. Here is one little incident iUaetrating hi^ vigilance 
and great-hearted kindness to them in the meuber's own words— 




QUINTIN HOGG 



" I am tnuuger at a large plaoa of buBmesa, and haw over 4 
hundred people tinder dm. I vaa aittiog ou the balcony at tbo 
Poly, writing a very DnpleasAJit bnHioeffi letter cmw, and my 
face mivt have been loogeo- than I was awiLte ot Q. H. paBftd, 
SOtioed TOY grave face, a&d at oaco etopped to speak to me. 
dapping ma on the back he inqiuTHl what was wroog, giving mo 
an opening to relate my worry if 1 wiihed. With ^xquLAite tact 
ho sBw at once that I would not tell him, and naturally and easily 
be commenced to teD me fminy rrtoriea one aftdr the other unii] 
my pave face relaxed* bosineaa oaf^ Eevr auay, and I thawed to 
a amikk After a final broodBido of xmBtstLble humour that moli«d 
ma into a hearty lough, ho enddcnly eaid, ' Tlt&t'B beUor, a laugli 
iM better than a long faee,' and paned on. He gave me ten mintitaB 
of hia valuable timo jiurt to chwr me up» and a mrwaarj that I rimll 
never forget. It wbb an object-lesson of iact and sympathy oom- 
bizied that waa mvahiabLe to a joung man. I wrrte to yon to voum 
the sorrow of one who only know Q, H. fof five year^, but iott 
the Dpws of hifi middea {Jeath. that I had loot a friend who 
made my life richer by knowing him/' 

No wonder tlicy came to him about everything, for he made 
each individiiul Lad feel that he was a peraonal fnend, an object 
of eolicitude, a being whose welfare waa of supreme Iniportaiice 
to "Q. H." In Lundon the greater part of his evenings were 
^van up to peraooal talks with them^ Any boy who needed 
advice, or help, or comfort, had only to write and ny so, and 
a time was immcdiatdy appointed when he might oome and 
onburdeQ himaelf of his Lroable. Tbeoe tol^ UKd to be known 
as his " Nioodemi interviews," became the petitionen i^me 
b? night 1 From eight o'clock onwards, often tiU after nud- 
night, he would have a constant succession of them, not ono 
or two evoiinga a week, but every eveiiingn unless be weftt 
occupied in some other work for the *' boys' " benefit, and h« 
reckoned that evejy month over 100 people had private «m- 
veraation^ with him in the UttJe room between his house vid 
the Polytechnic. He would never consent to take a chair* 
or pieside at a meeting or dinner if he could avoid it. as he 
fiODsidered these individual talks so infinitely more useful. 
Any nuzbt he waa not detained too late in his room, closing 
time would see him at the top of the steps in the entrance hall 
■ftying good'ui^t U> «u:li memb&r as he passed, with a sla|) 




iQUMPSES raro A BUST LIFE— I 



sen 



on the bock uid a kindly vord of inqoiiy about aome m&tter 
to one. a joking reference to some p&Gt fun to another, never 
allowing his greetmg to degCDcrate into a form&Uty, but intro- 
ducing the personal element into the briefest remark. 

Thofio e^reninga were the true source of hifi power, and in 
tkem lies hidden the real life of Quintin Hogg; but he seldom 
spoke of thede mattcra, and couJd rarely be induced to disclose 
aught of the human tiagediee and comedies that were unfolded 
to him in those brief talke, still leas the part he himeelf had 
plajed in them. Uis time waa so fully occupied that his inter- 
oourae with hia family was limited to the meala he attended, 
and his appearuice eren at these was ao uncertain that no one 
thought of ejLhibiting surprise or curiosity if he was absent, 
though it was but seldom that the cause of his defection was 
known to them, why he had becQ called away, or where he had 
gone. An almost impenetrable reserve shrouded those portions 
of ht« life with whioh one was not individually concenjed, 
apecially as i^ards their more intimate detail ; and outside 
it one stood as might a stranger beneath a great city wall, hear- 
ing the tumult, and dimly aware of the stress of life ao nnu 
him, yet uoablB to discern tl»e cause thereof, untouobed by 
the thrcfnging humai] action within. 

The influencing of the souls of those with whom he came 
into contact waa his chief desire, but no one ever knew him 
try to *'oram religi^w down their throats." Quintin Hogg'ti 
great ideal was to develop fnen, not only tbctr aouls,^ but every 
faculty and posaibitlty with which Cod had endowed them, 
A stunted mind, a puny, n^lected body, is not likely to har- 
bour a beautiful soul. " Q. H." bt^an by encouraging the 
development of the body and mind by giving them oppor- 
tunities of expansion, of growing healthy and virOe and strong, 
before he attempted to cultivate the even more sensitive growth 
of soul- All that it was in tis power to do to influencs the 
spiritual side of their natures be did, by example and influence, 
but he never tried to force their oonfidenoe on the subject, or 

^ Sw letUv on p. 3fiTi 



GLIVPSE8 INTO A 



me oaide one d^y uid asked if I vrant^d to get on. I told him 
I did, ocd he paid mj fees for liie eleotricaJ dimrn I stuck 
to it, and now I'm Id charge of eoe ol the Uigtflt fldecthcAl 
generating eUttona in Londoo." 

Another wrote — 

" I koQWA Paly, boy vho is never aatu6ed with ordmary praiee 
ol ^ Q. H..* Nothing short of adoration id good enough for him, 
Wby I WfiU, you eec, back in the eariy eighties, when the lad 
wa£ twelve year^ old, hie people fell upon evil time« and were 
reduced from comparative prosperity to almo«t deetitution. 
Hifl father, as a laet roeouroo, ran a fruit stAll in the atreete, and 
tEieboy lefte<jhool and turned outaa an errand boy toeam5«.6^- 
a weok for thirteen houris a day, while his odd time (dinner 
hours and Saturday nights) were tilled in with attendance at the 
stall selling orangee at three and four a penny, and aCtcrwarda 
helpiitg to shove the barrow homeward^- It was a horrible time, 
and the memory of it ia a nightmare atill. The boy got a better 
place in the West End which enabled bim to attend the Poly., 
and limited his fruit'ScUing to Saturday nights. At Lite Poly^ 
be learned shorthand at a penny a leaaon, and sevemi other 
oubjectA. Year by year tie came into closer contact with his 
bdoved ' Q. H./ and to-day be boa a business of bis own with 
ne&rlya dozen assistants. Btivh progiess ad be has made is due 
direelly and indirectly to ' Q, H.' '' 

Another old member, a metal worker, ivlates bow that when 
he was out of work, " ng)kt dawn hurd up." and UIh wife lying 
ill at home, he was hawking a piece of bis handiwork all over 
London, vainly trying to get work by ite nieiits or to sell it for 
a few shillings. Utterly disheartened by his failure, he was 
wandering sadly about the atreeta. when be met Mr. Hugg, 
" Hnllo 1 my boy I why aren't you at work f '* *' I haven't got 
any, sir, and I've been trying to sell this piece of my work-'* 
"How much I " "GOb.. sir," "Come with me, my boy/' 
By the time Chandofi House waa reached, Mr. Hogg had learnt the 
whole story of the man's ue^ieffiityandof hiafrmtleasendeavourB 
to obtain a job. He bought the work for £5, arranged for thd 



GLIMPSES INTO A BUSY LIFE— I 



269 



Uieir iacreaaui^ numben neccaaltatcd the Arranging of homee 
and tours and sea trips, he ahared with them, spending \u9 
Mjtunm in going from home to home, or occafiion&Uy ftOCOiD' 
ponying a " Swiaa '* or " Rome " party. 

Aft«r the Day School wa^ atarted a oonfliderable portion <ji 
hia time wa» given up to tht boya ftttendiog it. Every moming 
he would hurry oil to stand in tiie entrance hall to p«et them 
aa they arriTed, and lie fleldom went anywhere, to Bporta or 
polytechnic epnteilAlnmenta of any kind, or even to Bri;Ehtoa 
(hia favourite resort when he was not very well, or suflering 
from insomnia) without being accompanied by two or three 
of thnn. 

Iq later years he made a practice of sending a birthday card 
to every boy who had passed through the school. The boys' 
birtbdayjt were all entered in a book, and ^aoh day hia aeoi^ 
(ary prepared the cards and leaflets and hTT>aght them to him. 
The labour entailed by this one little detail of Eiis work alone 
wad by no means in^gnificAiit, for although the secretary looked 
out the names and oddreaeee of the bnya to whom the cards 
had to he sent each day and prepared the miaaives, Mr. Hogg 
aigned each one of them personally, and usually added a fen 
words — '* I hope my bad boy ia qaile well " ; " Where haa 
Tom been these laAt two years ) Let me have a line," or Bome 
such little sentence that transformed the printed card into 
a personal remembronoa. Over 3,000 cards were sfmt out 
yeariy, which meant that he had eight of these birthday letters 
to attend to daily I Boya who bad recently joined the school, 
and whom perhaps he scarcely knew^ he sent a correfipondeoce 
card to, on which his seeretary wrote the message previously 
concocted for such cases, wliich however, Mr, Hogg always 
signed, generally with the cliaracteriatic '* Q. H." 

" Only a short time ago," wrote some one just after his deaths 
" % young man was telling me about some friends of his from 
the Polytechnic who hod been killed in South Africa. I asked 
him il he knew Mr, Hogg ; his face quite lit up as he replied, 
' Indeed £ do ; 1 was educated at the Polyteobnio school and 



flm 



QUINITO HOGG 



wken 1 fint went there. Hr. Hogg aeked &n the new boyt lo 
tea with him, aa was hia cuatom. Be mode & groAt unpreoakMLj 
on U0, be epoks ao kiadJy. ojid g»ve ub £uch good wSvice, and 
at the Btuoe time he waa bo manly, talked to oa About cricket 
and footbaJ], and that always appealB to boyB. Be is a won- 
ttorFol maji ; there are fev, vety few like him. Why> took ftl 
all the good he has done. ^1 his iafiuenco and power, and yet 
you wouldn't behovo it, with ob boys lie was so humble; witb 
all tiis wealth and hia groat oame, he made himadf just one of 

On SatnrdayH he would frequentiy appear at Imich at 6 
Cavenduh Square with aeveraJ deeply embarraaaed boya in 
tow, whi^m he waa laking down to Merton Hall to play football 
or cricket, acconling to the eeaacin of the year. Ele contrived 
to fit more people mto a brougham than one would iiave thought 
it poaaible for the vehicle to hold; his family used jokingly 
lo threat^^n him witb the S.P.CA., and he would deeenbe witJi 
mudi amuHement the aurprised eKpretfnons of the pawer^by 
vt\ivn he turned the boyb out, an he usually did, to walk up 
Putney Hill, and the amazed intereet displayed by the inhabit- 
anta of that peaceful suburb when the modest- looking v^icle 
proceeded to disgorge a vbole team of boys, to say nothing- 
of the bats, bags, and various iinpedimenta preeomabty put 
In to fill up the erevices! He played regularly himself until 
he hurt his knee, and would indignantly deny the Impeach- 
ment of football, at least, ae being a dancercuA pastime, nof 
would any amount of damfigcd limbs ever have induced him 
to own that the accusation waa justified. 

His day was so full that it was the most difficult thing in 
the world to gat an audience with him concerning bia own 
tiueiness. Once his representative had pone to the Continent 
for a holiday, and it became necessary for him to be reoallod 
to London immediately on Demeraro. business. As soon aa 
he arrived in obedience to the cable, he went to the offioe. 
"I cannot possibly see yon to-day," said " Q, H," "When 
aro you returning to Bniseels 1 " "As soon as possible," 



GLIMPSES INTO A BUSY LIFE— 1 



271 



I 
I 

1 



re|»lied the mui. "Very well, the only time I can possibly 
give you la mtdnlght to-night At my hooM! " The appoint 
ffioat wu duly kept, and the conference l&st«d well on to 
ttvi« mm. 

He suffered terribly from insomnU, uid much of his work 
m done in the silent hours of the early morning. He would 
write &nd read until two or three &,m,, but the moment he 
felt drowsy would leave hla desk and lie down to snatch what 
sleep be oould obtain. Vet he was often out walldng or bit^yling 
whilst the streets were still defi^rted^ save for the heavily laden 
wftgons olowly rambling towards Covent Garden^ or the carte 
<^ rattling milk cans. It is marvelious how his brain stood 
the strain of work and worry with so little chance of rest and 
recuperation. 

" I had hoped to come down last Wednesday," he once wrote 
to the aecretjiiy of Woolwich Polyt43chmo, " but had Buch fright 
foUy had nighte on Monday and Tuesday that 1 hardly ft<lt tit 
to mo¥o, and I was obliged to telegraph. Tho cnsis, however, 
brought its own cure, for 1 hod a splendid night on Wednesday, 
getting ei:t hours' sleep right on end. n thing 1 had not achieved 
1 may ^y for months I I tried to repeat the operation lofit 
night, but made a dismal failure ol it, not closing my oyee oU 
night.*' 

1 do not suppose he ofteo slept more than four or five hours, 
and frequently far loss, yet ho never shirked his busineaa through 
the day, or lessened hia hours of Aclf-unposod l&bour during 
the evenings- 

" No human bt^ing can measore eithur the amount of atitf-aaoriftoe 
ooncentratod in such a Ufa aa that of which we have be«a epeaking, 
or the extent of its contribution^ direct and indirect, alike to the 
higher and thfl more mBterial wplfiirB of the ufltior- To conUnc 
plate it iff iinpossible without the conviotioa that In the multipUoBtioD 
of such livM, combining a tarvcut piaty with a wide hum&n out.Look, 
would bn feund the solution of aliiioat all iIil- prijblefiia which moet 
grievouRly cpproaa ub. Quintin Hogg was not a infi<n of genius . . • 
but he hod an intense and consecrated purpoeo and a genuine and 
aympat>ietio comprehension of the ruany^^ded nature of nion. 
It is the buaineaa of our Churehaa and ear now reconstituted national 




272 



QCINTIN HOGG 



■yat g m of «liic&tkm bo providA the EnglAnd of tho tweatinth oetilciry 
with larger Dumbers of citiieiu of such spirit and inth Each idesls. 
By their aucctxB or ioiiurc to doiog so thej will he judgol by future 



LETTERS. 

IFnften fc> <Ae Secreftirv o/ «^ TFimJvk:A P<tlyt£tKrUc, 3tpttrnber, 1890i 
It neoiA to me thai tntfoty-Qve U qoile the «ifjeaie age at ^^HiJcfa 
yoQ OQgfat to iLccept follows lor the JiiHtitut« in the Grvt inelAnce- 1 
ahould prefer twenty -tlirtio. We efaouJd rfot aim Kt emormoaii nombcirL 
Grt together a niu^Jeiu, leaveiked with & BpiiituaJ feeling first* &Dd 
then you can add on. It u infimt«ly tnore diffimift to infioenoe 
fellows of twenty-three to twenty-five, and of couree, o fortiori, of 
thirty than tt la in the caae at ihoae vho are not yet out of tfaak 
teenfl. Sixt«en to twenty-two JA, in n^y opinion, quite oM Mkough, 
4Ukd yoa will require a good man at that to a<ot as boss, Twenty-fivo 
I think an altogether extrcuue e^, but I do not eee why you should 
not have an arTang'?ment of bon- memberithip, by which you oouid 
li>t in outeidom over twonty-fiv? to your athletics club. That ia my 
feeliug, but I should like to hear aay local proa and oooa whicJ^ 
there may be on the subjeot. 

QflO&ocTOW!T, Jarmary. 1S91^ 
I was very glad to h^^r from you how the Woolwich irifant waa 
getting on. I hGve> I think, oEten told you that were I not so daaply 
octtBiged at Regaut Sueet. ther« i» noUtifig 1 should like better than 
■ettting at Woolwich, and working that Institute aa 1 tiaed to work 
at Long AoTO. They ore the very clasa of fellow? that 1 think I 
afaoaJd get on with, and I havs oever felt »o drawn to aay i^aco 
1 have to Woolwich. I am butb that if it does not succeed it viU 
be want of management and not want of tu^mbcrship I Ihey 
a bright, cbecty aei of fellowB, wiUi lote of go in ti^ecn. and if onlj 
rightly directed they will boom the pla<« iirto a very dix'i'led huccoh: 
The great point ie not to check them (thingB always progrcefl on tbe 
linaa wiiere l.ht?y meet leant reiuataiice, aud a wise luauogcr of an 
Institute locka for auth indicationa of p m a ii r o^ aod is careful, 
inatead of meeting them with rsnatanoe, to find a channel where the 
efTort can most usefully find scope)* As re^^ords myself, I aati 
thank God, much better than I have been for a long wJiile. I have 
QOt bad a relapse for three and a half months, and my olctbv which 
in a fit of dcepeiatiou I had at lant taken in. are getting too tight 
for ma When I left England T waa only 1 29 Tbs., more than a atone 
lev than when I left Eton at eighteen, when 1 aoaled about 150 Iba, 
I am seven or eight lbs, better than that now. so you see I have a 
small balanr« to the good as the r^ault of my twenty-seven yean' 

1 Frgm the 5p«o«al«r tt Jaanary SM, IQC3, by kind penniaaion of the 
ptepn«ter^ 



Tfe 



LETTERS 



fin 



life Bince I left Eton, , , . Give m^ love to all the Woolwich boys 
1 know, tell them one of mj' Brst viartc on tny return ehoU bo to Uio 

InatitutCi ftnd that I wn ruiuung iato muscle to euch an extent th»t 
1 ahftll be able to bowl most of them otbt at ' hfllf-b*ck ' when they 
have induoed Sir S — W — to give them the ground we have ho 
oftoQ talked about. 



I 
I 



^_^ 60 



Dvcember, 1 891. 
T received a deputation of fellfiws from Woolwich, and 1 now 
Bend you some notee of what ptiafiMl . , , Thty aeked that oithfT 
the Sporimian or S-poriing Life might be t^keii in. Tliie, of courae, 
Ja perfectly raafionabJo and right, and one or other ought certainly 
to be on the table. Btading-room. — Somo of the artizana work m 
ehifta, aad those who are on the night aliift would find it a greot oon- 
venJence if the rpAding-room were open between two and five p,m. 
My faeJing is that thib onght oerlainly to be done, even if it involvea 
paying a little e^tra to the man at the barrier. It is a nN^onablo 
and rijfht DOTie^^aaion to tlie wantd of the mernbers. T think the 
Intitule itflelf ought to open &l 6 or fi.30 at latest, aiul the reading- 
and ^ames rooma should bo open at two. CotiJU^. — The members 
H«ked exactly Lhe dutien of a council, whi[:h I denned ; they B^kr^l 
If I eould meet the firat nouncil eome day, and I eugg*«tcd the 
26th. If this is dccidod on yon must get rae a statement made out 
showing the number of meiobera who have joined, tbe numbers 
on the boolcH attending the el flcopo , tho fees receivisl, and any 
other little matter tlmt would intereet them. The more the meimbot-B 
of the coimciT ate taken into the cunfidence or thi; truHteett within 
re«aon, the better it will be for the place. Smoking. — The membera 
put before rao the suggestion of a smoking-roomt plcoding thd-i 
the fellowB at Woolwich were a Huperior lot and would not abubu 
it in the way of staying in the room all the evening and doing 
nothing but smoke. 1 oiplained to them my view of the matter, 
and pointed out that we in no way forced our luembera to be nou- 
amokera any more than wo forced them to be total abstainers. 
They could gnt a drink oloee by, so it waa not ncoceaary for ua to 
sell it tc tJiem oo tlie proinifleB, An to Hmoking. ejccesaivo smoking 
was undoubtedly injurious ; tlu' miimbors got lou of opportunftira 
to amoko to and from their work, and to and from the [netitute, 
and if they wanted a little cJrtra wiiiff Lliere waa no objection to their 
going out into the garden and smoking there ; my objection being 
to providing them witli a place where they could be comfortably 
lazy, aad where they would be t«mpt«d to impend houre nltich might 
be mueh better employed than in Rmoktng and in go(«ip which 
probably amongst auch fellows would be not only iditt but worae. 
1 told thcni I should have no objectioo at all to there being erected 
A little nummer house in tJie garden where tiiare could be a few ruatie 
ecate and a Lablu or two, where those who wished to Aruiokja ^ou^ 



274 



QUINTIN BOGG 



do «o. The membem aeenoed ta think IhAt fJiia «ron1d quit^ meet 
tbfi okigencios of tho caso. and they «eccmed to apprecuto ver y 
luUy the poiaU I put before them. I prombcd to write to you 
And swk yon to \cfok out for the motrt suit<B.ble plocs for the flnmroflr 
bouse. Some pLuw which voidd give eb^It^n' if it w«re nuning, 
and be sufGciently lar^ to prevent th^ rain Aplaahing io knd wvtting 
any one within would mMt the reqnirefoanta of the ca«& If Eba 
coniervatory were not go eompLetely attoc^wd to the raading- 
room that would be the vary place, but He dose proximity to the 
rHsdirig-rrxim put4 it out of ccmrt. T^wre can be no poanb^ obj«> 
tioa to the fellontt g'-^uig out mto th« garden or aittiag in a thetier 
to have bhoij pipe, and the deputation seemed to think that the 
plan t HuggffitHd WDu[d sati«ry all the reasonshle wLbhrn of th« 
memberH. LiOt me know whoeo you think tbii migh*' be arrmngied, 

I only returned from Switzfrland to-day* and Eomid your lett^ 
AWAJTing me, ... I think thtre ehould be disrriminAlion between 
an oc<^teional dance on the lawn, or in a well-light-pd building with 
lots or people about, aa a kind of fete, and daaces given contiaually 
in hoLn and comen, and Lflble to kad to wrong, Foe infilanee, to 
give you an cxajcple, we have alwaj'B allowed dancing at our Foly, 
athletic eporte on Bank Holiday, and on that cveiung you will 
alwaya find aeom of couples dancing at Herlon Hall to the mtisic 
of the Poly. Band ; and why not T It ia a porfectly hanulcee and 
prop«- amuaenjeut for those who like il, aud 1 think you nhould 
discriminate bctwtrn such dancn ai these at Merton HaQ and 
Woolwifh, and those which went on for a short time at the People's 
I^lace, where a certain number o( Wliitechapel Eirls wore allowed 
lo oak a i^ertain number of tlwir male frinndA to danr^ea in a kind 
of hole-and-corner arran^ment. There is a wide diSerooee i the 
one ie innocent, the other is harmful i the one a eubjcct to the et^uijE 
light of publicity, the othaf i& nibject to a cliqua whreh may or 
may not be good. Do not make the Christian life aadder than the 
Qreat Founder ordained- There te little enough enjoyment acid 
happineoft in the livm of working people already, aud C^riftiac work 
■hiould be to put freflh amuaemcnt into their liv« and not lo taki» 
away such pleAauret) aa they have. Stop dancini- by eU meana 
when it beeomE4 the main ejnptoyiiLent of life, cr when bad i^haractATt 
are allowed to come in and turn audi omueement into d^XTv of 
proatitution i but wher? a certain number of respectable yoiUOg 
fnllowa aak their friends m, I ahnuTd say " dance^ and Gnd be with 
you," and 1 ojn not sure they are not aa well employed having 
ao occasional dance aa they arc in any Other oecaaioDal amiueinenU 
'QMn ^ould be. and there ie, the eanw difference between such a 
danoe aa that and an ordinary dancing a^oon, aa there lb betwaen 
the Poly, coneerte and thoee of an inferior moAto halL Uind you, 
1 think it very probable oth^ru witj nnl agmo with me ; I can only 



i 



LETTERS 



875 



«ay that it would oot be m accorduice with my reljgkma fMlinga 
to atop 3Uoh doDcint; rwrcations as I have ve^n at MortoD Hall, 
«id HS 1 believe would take jthvLV ia the Woolwich privBle g&jdeDp 
any mow than I fthfnild feri indmed to atop ft Tea Meeting. 

a 9oouJ Gatlioring, ot a Conovt- 

Tbia Tnorning 1 reoeived your Iptt^T from Interlaken, uid oa 1 
ufideTatond that you oro being tel^raphed for to oomo homo I am 
seQdiog Iha to Woolwich' I bear some foolioh rumour has ahaaa 
araoogBt some boBybodiea that yau haw abBPOnded, and that tbB 
Inatitufo hoa been cloccd in ooneequfvtLCO. Aa do contradiction 
would be BO potent as your om reappcfvanoe on the aoeoe. it was 
thought bett«r to cable to you to return- 1 am told I am hopelesHly 
optimistic, bat for all that I do not eeo any POaeon in the preeent 
c:ase to be too pesiiiiniatic- No eooctr had I heard of the reeolution 
to cAaee up the plai?«> than I put myself in rammunicatinn with the 
TodhnicaJ Education Board oE Iho London County Coiuioili who 
liav© pT&cUcally authorized mo to enter into negotifttiona for tbo 
aoquiailion of the place in order that it may be carried on upon 
the aanoe linm ae the Regent Street Poly. Tho terms ofTerod are 
gonorDUH^ and ao far aa I know noed interfere very IttUe with the 
old lUi* of ih& placo. It was certainly better that the laatituto 
should bo placed in vigorous handa and worked la a mors buBioow- 
Uke manner. 



WE9TC4TK, September, 1902. 
As to the bad boyo wiio are with me, wo have, I think, more than 
you know, for in addit.ion to tlie original aiz we have managed 
to piok op two oth^ra, who wtre unearthed by my l^irnn on the 
Boaflido, and brougiit up proudly as Woolwich spooimcn^ diaoovered 
on the bcac^ I hope they are liaving a decently Rood time. How- 
ever, they XFiU speak for themHolvee when th^ got back. One 
of my R^ent Stroot bairoa elocpe in tho aame room with fivo of the 
Wootnich nnee. and tbey have tlie moot frightful aripunepta ae to 
which is the better echooL Your boy?> finding argument by itaalf 
somewhat insufficient, draw largely on their imaginations, and have 
already added a Hebrew profcesor^hip ; a normal school for the 
study of Antbio ; a Cliineae Lecturer's chair, and othnr little triflra 
of that kind on to the Bohool cnrriculom, whilst ae to Uic df^cva 
vrhJcL Mr^ Bowers pcr^esftCA, no ordinary compoflitor would bo able 
to find sufSalcnt capitals to indicate tham. 



Writtmi U> his eid^ von from Derrurora, 

I am not at atl surprised at that reformatory boy that yon got 
bold of, or rather, who got hold of yoa* proving a litt[e troublesome 
I have had a pretty wide esperienoe of thcae boya, and 1 was not in 



276 



QUINTIN HOGG 



the loast attrftctcd by him, « 1 told you fit the fcitno, However, it 
IB better to E^rouble ode^elf Eieodle&nly with half-a-dozeo iiopovton 
thuL to turn away and cfuHh one really worthy feLow. But a ^rreat 
mocy of the roformatory boys turn out very well, and I do not think 
thai there b the slightest doubt tiiat refonnatoiy and IndustriAl 
fichoola afBftBuCfesa aa they are conducted now; thoae worked undpr 
pnvato maJiagement havo done a grc^it deal to dimini^b the number 
of juvenile criminals in our middt. On the other hajjdi when the 
reform ftinory boys do turn out had. eapi>ciftlly thofw from a Roman 
Catholic Reformatory, they ftie the worat char&ctera you can have to 
doal with I Accustomed to rneeb and undf-retimd the ways of paaple 
better pdiical^ t^an themwlvefi. tliey po^u«A a power of brar^n 
impudence and oi lying whit^h might make Boolzebub tximfielf fiit up ; 
and if, as ia stAted, thatr gentleokan ia the futher of tiara, he must be 
prond of aomo of thofte boys. Their fertility in falsehoods ehfiir 
abfiolute rcckloeanwa in statement, and the suavo mnocence of lookr 
when they aet thBEDBslvee to the work of decoptioD are modela of 
artiatio perfection in thoLr way. 

LoNDOW, Mcndaf/. Oeiober, 18B3. 
Laat Wednesday I had to go to bed with tay tempprature at lOS*^, 
my head really beyond work; there 1 stayed from Wedneeday 
evening till practically the following Sunday niornrng. findtni- 
confliderable diffictdty in getting the temperature down. Finallj\ 
off my own bat 1 look a doeo of morcury, and that succeed^ in 
enabling the sudoriflcB to act. Then came an iilcoratod aore throat, 
which I waa up and down all Saturday night doetorinf, so that I 
cou]d fulHI vay enaaparaent at Woolwich on Sunday aftemoon. I 
managed to get fairly well, but ntill had three large idi^rs on the 
rigiht ajde and alittle one on the left when 1 tiu'nod out of bed for 
the train on Sunday- Providence hse treatod mo more kindly 
Uian 1 dc^^erved. and I Lhiuk rny tliroat Is better for the cliaage of 
air I Evidently my throat declines to be treated a« one of thb 
rHirpAAtH, and like the McNab dat!, demaDda a rogiinen of Ha 
owal 



7^ ont of tht memberM, 

I am thinking of going to MauHtiua. but aa the time draws near and 
it bocomes m^ceesaryT if one le going, to think of taking one^a ticket. 
getting out one's tin caniatersb and waflhinj^ up one^a white olothve. 
my heart oominpncea to fail me, pspwially in faro of the heavy 
building job we have at the Foly.,^ and the numberlen queneB 
oa to when I am coming down to aoe thia or the other home from 
OUT Poly. bc^L . . . Tall your wife, who, I believe* is a membar of 

^ BvbuUding of tJie fialL 



;r8 



I 



ojtr StsUtB' Institute, tlut the little Day School girls b«ftt the 
Inatituto at lawn toiuiia to their mtenee diamOiy and chagrin, but 
to the hugt delight of the satah girls, wbo prompt!)' suut for a 
photograph&r and photographed tlie vianing te^ma. Thi^y are tallc- 
iojC *>' cntorinK for tho AJl England Championahipt ploying the boya^ 
and poUsIiLQg off the Inatitute dc^iicat^xl to tha mearwr wx. . . • 
Are you suggeflling a practical joica in aating me why T don^t run 
dovn tor a day or two T The fact ia« 1 om running down all round 
agreatdeal too fiaat 1 . . - All aurtdpaarogoing ofT veil, and I hope 
we Bhell cl«Ar a Rub^itAntiht tniin out of our Chicago trjpa towrvdn 
the Building Account. Wo are not much behind now in point of 
numbc^TB. while Norway and Jvnoy are full to overflowing i indeed we 
have taken Jera«y on tlirough September, and might have book^ 
forty inetoad nf twenty a we«b could we have the aceommodation. 
1 had a long letter from Mr. Studd recently, who evidsntly has his 
hands quiTe full bf^tw^^n railway companiffi and railway travell^nii. 
Bob ^ niahe!pd in at eleven Ea£t Friday night from Harwioh^ and 
started off next luornifig with a fresh tot of 180 people for a thfeo 
Tveeka' trip to tho North Cape. 

Written io a froy m Aitf HrOtdajf. 

Blay Ood grant my boy a happy and uaef id new year. I have beeo 
very pleawd lo iwe Will alwaya standing higlj in hi« conduct raarka, 
for to be a true gpntleinan is to be a Lru« Christian- Pray to-day, 
dear boy, for Btreiigtii Uj make this Uie best year yuu liavtt yet apeut* 
and one in which ^aoh dny ftliall s«e at least one kindly act done to 
lighten the burd&n and ohoer the hearte of othora. 

Vouf affec<t 

Q. H. 

TKo tcUomiu/ UUer uvm vnUvn fo O Utff uf arvmteen^ who had «mf 
Mt. Hogg a poem u-ilA the requeat that he would mtidu iL The 
central idtat of the poem tuu God's knowledge, of Ike differences o/ 
character in the varioue nK«0 o/ mankinds and hour He therefore 
intpirtd for each a prophet to givt lAem the religion trtoMt etkiUd la 
iheir need$. 

Deeambtr 10, 1602. 

I duly reoaiTad your letter of yesterday with the enclosed vene«. 
Moot ceftainly you did not err on the eide of in^igmfiowwo when 
yon choao your aubjeot. Vou aak ine to criticize the versee, and 
I pr^enme ycu refer rather to the wording than to the ideas. I do 
not think many boya of your age at the Poly, oould write aa well, 
certainiy very few would write better. 

In reading over the veTsea what Htrikfe one first it that the 
riiytlLm ia often faulty, and sometimaa the aoanaion is wrong. 




fl78 



QUTNTIN HOOQ 



Take for ioEtaacD Uie loflt Line of the third vorse. TbM m Uh> Ion;. 
Compare it with the last tine of the aecxind verse, which i> a pontA- 
metev, wttxeae it ia diCEculi to nukkd the last line of Uie third vcne 
apyUiuig but a hesanketar. Tbon ag&iiu 1 think for the aoka of 
riiyme yoti have been carried into a faiae expreasron in the fifth 
veno. Tlie word ** mirth " la hardi}' applicable to the accepted 
idea uf bcBwn. There ia a wide differcrnt^ hctween joy aod uiLrtlu 
The one voald have been perfectly sA'ur&te, whpr^oa the other 
ettikea me aa a somewhat in&ccurate word whereby W describe the 
heavenly plaoe. 

I think iT yon put the poem by for soma little time and then re^d 
it aJoud to ycntaolf, aod mark the hiiee which s^om Co be a 1ittt<? 
haJting and wantiog in rhytkoip you woidd be able to polish them 
ap and greatly improve their melody. Ton must rememhea* that 
melody, though sonuthing of a trick of dic^on, is atill a very 
valuable quality in poeUy^ It can never moke up for tack of poetic 
thought, but It etftAinly ia of wonderfol a^iBfAnce in giving voice 
to that thought. One of your b«et vcreoe in thia nspect la the 
ninth. Hie vxpreesioD in that verve, '* Aa arrvwa swift in 
rhann," is vtrj much what yoii shoukl aim to arrive at in acme of 
the other fitanrtt Walter Seott and Hacaulay both knew the 
value *jt ihm, and it ytni vill tuzn to tJie " I^y? of Ancient Rome," 
and rewt in the battle of lAke H«rgillus how Black Auster bond 
his bead over his dead maotce* while the grey of the Prim:* of 
TuAcLilan galloped back to hia home, you would gei a good iSostration 
of how to use langua^re ao aa to roaSat the wonla and itiythm fit in 
«ith your eobjeet. I do not know a better Qactnplification in Kn g lm ^ 
pootry of the beat of a hav*e*« boofa than the AiMui^kiaui tl^t 
Macanlay givea of the gallopa of tbe horse over tba tiaillufiuU and 
ifara^ tlw paoKB of the hiik tiMt kd to ha hocctt. Toaoown^ll 
VMtmA joa h»vo juat hit the mmb ttiMfl in ** As anowa rwift in 
ifa low amdy. and iariimlii anl «iptf ifWid- 
O yo« vvBi to Mtii^ jomlf on ttet pent aenpttn tte ^rt^i^ 
to wUcb I BB iJaii^ witfa. hj. " h« m ft ikrt la 
Tht wih jaE> iirt aa tfaa ottav wonh ^ maoot^, 
I am oafy fixintf Mk tkii paftisBlar ijiw* aaaa Ohtftetfi^ 
«f many mon. You shoutd try to poUi tha wnb oo that thnn 
any be no hahfl^ in their (Vow. 

tnOh Ibma ia • wide difim«ma liatwe eu poetey 
Vkv am ai^akpUfioaticD of ime of tfae caoat poctae 
Tlinn ■! iim hinwiii. mil fliiiTlij'i ■'ITkjhil " ilii 

a bmk )dik Tta* od» m « §Mnj «B»of tha 
m tta way ew wdtk^ 
Wei. Mmagr, I bat? vet y«ti n hng ttafi^ hawn't I r I 
got aoma littla ^ in that Aactkm. bal^lAa 




to fan^it iap«^ 



LETTERS 



279 



lo an aspiring y<nijiff part tttn^ — 

^ Poeta naacitur rion fit" woe tho dictum cf wiee old Horace, 
who thought tiimself worthy to write on tj» "art of poetry/* whieh 
dictum being iuterpretf^l moaiu thdi poetry must be bred in tho 
bone to develop ia ink. Poetry and rJiyme &re two very difToreot 
things, and if 1 may M.y «o without oflence. j'our firoduption comeA 
uodtir tho fiecoTkd heading. The thoughts must be po4>tica] as well 
OS the words. &nd you only fulfil tlie latter requiaition. An eaoay 
would^ I think, b& more in your 1in«. Now don't pitch thtfi poor 
letter into the fire, and abuse the editor, but rather sue old Datne 
Nature for having beeu Id a pnjeaic humour wheo vho introduoed 
you into what ih after all, a very, very proaaic world 1 

To a mother tvho had wrtiim iJtanking '' Q. H." for his kirvdnrgs to her 
Km in tiu da^ KhooL 

la— 12— 1901. 
Deab U&dasi, — T aju in receipt uC your latter ol yes^trrday. 
1 really liava not dont^ much for litlte Tom, and am pleased to tiav« 

the baim with me whc^n Ur> cares to look in. He and S are JuM 

the boys I like seeii^g about the Poly, i thnugh Tom ia a little 
young, yet he i^ well grown, and yniifh is a fault whioh, alAfi» only 
too eooD cuTce iteelf 1 I hope wc shall have him with us Eor many 
joars, and see him helpiug otbeni and briglileuing tlie livev oF 
those around him. Will you kindly tell him that if he likn to eome 
t^ the Poly, any time before foui' to-morrow (Saturday), he will 
find me in toy room, and I will either put hiiii in to eee the cineioato- 
^raph again, or arrargi' to amuse him somnhow till the Queen's 
Hall concert, at which 1 shall not bo prceimt, aa 1 am booked for 
ray CyclkJig Club thai evening t 

Th£ tdthnfiny Ittttra ioen written fo Mr^ Mtmt^omtry^ oAi of Mr. 
He§ff'g unfd^j eoTieerning a boy he njanted him to look ttltfr, 

MareJt, 'flft, 
Mr LtBAK Will, — -I arriv^ home safely. We hnd a very fine 
podsage as far as Madf<ira> but the day after we left that island 
we got into the ijaie tliat damaged the DtilgnrUi atkd all those 
Atlantic linera. We ooreelvce got a little bit hit, having two of our 
lifeboata stove in and the bulwarks carried away : nothing to 
signify howovor, PcrBonally, I never foel anxious in a atorm if 
only the steering gi^r and machinery hold out, Wliat does aoare 
me is a fog in the Channel or oft the eoaatof Newfoundland, when the 
■hip is trying to make up time. T have had some very close ehavea 
in fogs. Well, here E am settled down at the NortJi Britidh^ just u 
if I had never been away, witli all my Kasient eitverience behind 
me as a dream, though withal a ploaaant one, as I am now able to 

* North Britioh Merrantile Insuraooa Co, 



no 



qUlNTlN HOGQ 



talk td Mmxm^Mkm ^tetcB la m vioy diR^recit way froai thAt wtiu*h 
I did beicn. 

TbefQ b a little matber id wIwI) joa ini^it bolp nv if jou ami 
di^ioBed tA do HO- t have bl the P0T7. a yoong fdlow nftiikfifli 

T D .the BOO o£ an <iffioer in tltv om^. Hm moUMT ttkd' 

rirtan raceiTO pcasocLa. aod Uie boy op to the age of iiiflfilfrn abo 
liad a pennan aa an oAccr'a orphan. T^m mcllm, I am Kwry to aay, 
tlrinkB, and Ukt^^j winM mi^t b« a Jrty fairij Laypf home im 
rendamt just the rcvoBC One of tbo iib*ew ««• ao^igEd W • 
lakiy wealthy TTttm, wbo bowcvier died beAwa the caaniigB ewnw 

ofl, thereby roinii^ T 'a |vceperta, aa Um pnmptetin brotbea^ 

in-Uw int«td«d tpo pot tbe boy idIo Iho arn^. He haa b«B liirca^ 
ovr Technical School, and iaa fail iJnlih laii iiial <iiB<iaal iii|F.fiiMj 
if yoiB^ ea ao im|vovv in OBther emifmatj. At th» 



H<»iil momeol be has obariBe ol odb aoction of the day wina in 
tfas TVleplhaaB Cio. H« loop fauaeiia lav Colonial tife. and any 
thrag that wiD t&te him int^ aoldicfug of axiy kind wooU be ogree- 
oble to htm. Ekkyoa think you could get him ioftotfae Katal police t 
Be is qoTte ffeady, aboirt your own height, twvoty yean old, and 
1 can give hioi a paaooal chArw?t«r I<r the paet ftw F^'*'*- ^* 
is flood of fbc4ball. and mteQigmt wiil»at beioc fac^liazift. Ho 
woald nuke a good pobtic aervmnt, and haa boUi the edocwtion and 
f n%uu JIM to riie into an officer *h'*"^ he gBL the rhanrai He appaata 
lo BO very moch the dan of man that the CO. aima at wihking 
m ha ranks. What lay you T Write me a* aoovi «e ym can about 



J«^, 19V0- 
Mt nsAa Will, — Maay *>^"fc« for having taken anch oare of 

T ^ Ton will find him a raaDy good feOov, aa ■■^ip*'* aa ft 

dK^HkddMhoAto^rtOD. 1 ted fooKllfae looliA boy ted do^ 
mv thi^vfakh wS vote ym ie^irt Unw thoogh it pnrlook 
nan of tem thnik wwdom. rt fchil irf liii Tiiil gi I iiijUhn ■ 
bftlfe ■liaiiiiilhin far 1^ to Uk extant of a co^le of poiai^ ao 

Iteft te mi^ D0« load in N&tAl quite e^pty-haoded- T ^vw 

Sda. of it to hit matter, and prepand to atan ofT with only 0*^ m 
to poctet 01 co^m I ^va ban acMwwtha^ brt te tept gnita 
ckae and mnv le* iM know vhtf te ted daao tail faaad tt ont 
tf>a otter dey qnito ly necidcBC 

I do tepe no troolale wiH eon>a in the T^anevaaL ^^aonally 
1 ImI nfiJthfr c owitij dvoee war, A Tcaoavaal war woold ba 
neat — TT"^' b fei^rf. ^xdaDy In tte City- I^adWolMlqr 
.«oU me tte otter da^ Ant if than wen a 
vaaU tate tte rniwia^ a^ that tte 
te o«er hf ZforanbK. 1 btfiaw wo itell oblnte aM wo 
need by mamtommf a fen i^mini If not, ttera «aM te V0f 
end lo < f orthia time we canaet mate tte mteate of 



LETnaBS fiSl 

oar aoUgonwte, Not le» Ui«n 30,000 men wiQ mklvtaka thB job. 
I think Kruger most know aomethiog of thiOi mhliai]|^ he to being 
nuAled t^ hi* Oftpe sympathiaen and byftfew B«dioft] jooniAU in 
England. 



21 

GLIMPSES INTO A BUSY UFK-^U 

No Uf» 
CttD ba puro in Ita pDrpoas, sbong In its starifiit 
And ftU life not b« prnvr ud atnag«r tbanby. 

KDnmsY. 



XI 



GLIMFSES INTO A BUSY LIFB— D 



OUINTIN HOGG was what tlie world termfi a Huccceaful man, 
in that in his own partbiilar sphere nf action and by hie 
own eiertioru he achieved inoiv, far more, than he had ever dared 
hope to see oecompJished. But t[ie rulMinent of tXi oApiraivms 
entails self-aacrifice. No m&n has &ver achieved real sutioeAS 
without paying some price, often one he has regarded lightly 
during the years of youthful haltling towarde his goat, and Uiat 
reveals iteelf in Ite true proportions only wiieo the zeal of baLtte 
is over, when the eKoitetnent dF the fight has vanished* and the 
daily routine of straggle alone remains^ Tlien, looking har*t< 
down the uphill track his feet have worUj he sees all Ihe poawi- 
aiana he threw aside for fear they sliould hinder hia progrr^fls, 
many of them abandoned with scarce a regret, oflered oa the 
altar of his ideal with almost an apology for the inBigoifioance 
of the saerili^^e, aiid whose real value he pereeire« only aow that 
they are lying unattainable, and that perchance he vainly longs 
to replar^e in hia treasury. It matters not if the ambitiona b« 
of an altruistic nature ; the Etriver after such is not exeiupted 
from the universal tcM, on the contrary, he is often required to 
pay even a heavier price than his more worldly rival; only if 
his desires be indeed worthy, then ie their fulfilment suQicient 
reward, and even whilst ar know lodging the magnitude of the 
aacrificea demanded of him he cannot regret them, for the know- 
ledge that be has but relinquished minor prizes for a greater and 
more enduriag crowa upholds and consoles him- 

The principal element of Quintin Hogg'a success was identical 
with the eeeenoe of Lis eacriice. Ue was cox^tantly laboufiag 



J 



to demoluh tli9 clAaa barriers which nature han dMrmd to be 
inviTit&ble, He could not mLnhter s*tiafactoriIy to thoae he 
dedred to help Across (he wall of class dwtinctinns it i» beyond 
the pover of man io re&lity to raze it, and there are but few 
who have tuoeeeded even in efTecting a breach in it. Quintin 
Hogg made hh breach, and through it passed into oomprehenuoo 
of and true friend^ip vrith tho^e on the othor aide, but*— the 
wall remained, ami in demanding the freedotc of the kingdom 
to which he does not naturally belong, the inrader must targeiy 
relinquiahbisbirthrightin that to which he does, "* With a great 
price obtained I this freedom/' The price in TOch a caae as 
thil IB abnoat coinpli>le detachment from one's own people, 
one's own frtends, one's own clas^, oft^^o from one*a own instiocte 
and habits- The payment is made gradually^ probably almost 
uriccnactouaJy at d^, but nevertheless it is inevitable for the 
accompUshment of any enduring work- Quintin Hogg paid it 
to the uttermost farthing without a murmur, but be waa fully 
avare, in later years at any rate, that he had done so^ " It iso^t 
BO muc^h tJiat 1 run the Poly., as that the Poly, rune me," he onoe 
Laughingly parried the remonstranccd of a friend who waa com- 
plaining that no one ever saw him. That was indeed the truUi. 
Aa his vork grew it demanded that ho should piiy the price of 
it6 continuous succese, and what liis work n>quired of bim, be 
gave unatintingly- His lines might have lain in veiy pkoBBnt 
pJacce. Brotight up in the mid^t of the moet intereeting and 
esclofiive society of hie time, endowed with striking inteltectnal 
ahilitke and unusual pergonal charm, and whilst stiU a yoang 
man poas e cB c d of considerable wealthy there were but few woridly 
ambitions which Quintin Hogg might not havo pursued with 
every prospect of euccesSv Bat he choae to devote hime^ to 
nnobtruaiTe labour for others. He had, of course, no idea of 
anything bo far-reaching, so immense as the PoMcchnic when 
ho first took up philanthropic work. Ho merely gave ffeely, 
bia time, hia money, and. most important tA aQ — bimaelf— aD tiie 
wealth of his wonderfnl nature, and having dedicated himwir t« 
fluch Bcrvke he coold not brook the intniMOQ of aoy ootatdt 



■ 




GLIMPSES INTO A BCBY LIFE 



U 



287 



intCTcaU whioh migbt hinder or reUrd it. The p]oaeiire>8 of 
eociflJ interconfM, the cheriehiag of friendshipH, tlie intimacy of 
home life, hts Eidher«nce to thofte would hove entailed a leas 
wLole-heartad HUigleneea of purpose, & cf^rtain reservation ia his 
dedic&lion of himaelf to the aervice he coinoeiTed it his pnTilegD 
to periorm. that migbl have hindered the progress of his work 
or stulli^ed the growth of hia influence. Therefore he renounced 
them all^ He made the sacrifice uncomplainingly and un- 
grudgingly, but as the years went by with a full realization that 
it was a he^vy one, and that the burden of it did not faU on him 
alone, for suoh a complete severance of his intereeL'4 From the 
interests of those around him was bound to affect all his friends 
and rel&tiions strongly, and many of them, unable to realize the 
compelling force of the motives by which he was ocLuafed might 
easily, and did, miHunderstand his uegEecb of natural ties. He 
never forgot his friends, never lost his affej?tion for or interest m 
them, but " his lime was not his own/^ and he would seldom 
consent to snatch even one evening from his work. If they were 
in trouble or distresa of any kind then at onee they had a claim 
on him — the cTaim that all sadness or pain in his eyes everted 
m a right on more fortunate beings ; the claim of the weak on 
the strong, of the unhappy on those at peaee; the claim tliat 
his Master never neglect*«d, and that it was therefore his glad 
privilege to endeavour to natiefy to the best of bis ability. TJie 
mr^nth before he died tie took a party of boys down to Haatings, 
and there in the hotel he found an old friend, whom he hid not 
seen for thirty years, dying of career.^ His lonelijieaa ojid suffer- 
ing at once called forth all the tenderness in Quintin Hogg'n 
nature ; the hoys bad to look after themselves for once, for here 
was one in more urgent need of human sympathy and friendship. 
But in the ordinary course of events, it was the most difficult 
thing to get him to give up even a few hours to hie family 
or friends, or to allow himself the relaEation of any kind 
of iocial intercourse- This was due aolely to hia complete 
nbsoTpIion in his work, and not to any dislike to being 

^ Sm lotter oa p. MA 



QtTTNTm HOGG 



with other people; he bad on the oontrory, a very con- 
wder^ble OLppreciation of the pleasure to b* derived from ih© 
Booiety, not only of hia friends, but oi any interesting mpn and 
womoTL He w&a one of those to whom the majority of people 
g&Te naturoUy of their best and truest selves ; th& barriera of 
oonventiona &nd time broke down before the ma^etism of hiB 
personality, enabling him to make frienda very qaiokiy witii any 
one whose nature waa at aJ) in sympathy with hk own. He waa, 
at the same time, very senaitive to hia aurroundingBt and if he 
were not interosted or found himaelf in an uncongenial social 
fttmoaphere, would retreat into hie shell and ait ailently brooding 
in an obviou.i uitHery of bored endurance from which it waa by 
no meana easy to arouse him. But once ho could be induced to 
talk, he waa» like liia father^ moat exceUent company. Hia 
eTtroordinarily accurate and varied information on olmoat any 
enbject that waa mooted, the zeat with which he would takeupoa 
argument, hia tenacity in holding and lucidity in stating hia viowe, 
and his keen aenae of humour, were veiy atriking, and made bim 
tho most deligbtfu! of companions. He waBftmatchleaanrtxwi/eur, 
the obvious enjoyment with whicih he would teJJ atory after story, 
altering hia voice and manner to imitate the cbaractera in each 
one, and the whimsical touchce with whii;b he would transform 
some perfectly commonplace incident into a vcoy funny atory 
were inimitable, bubbling over with amuaement all the time 
himeetf, and giving vent to peala of the moet infectious lauG»bl€T, 
He waa wont to give hia imagination a very free rein on aucL 
occauona, it muat be owned, eo tliat hia Erienda used to declaro 
ih^i ** what really happeoed and what he said happened logother 
mftdo a very good story ! ^' Hie anecdotce were abaolutely endlon, 
though many of tbem owed their humour entirely to hia recital o( 
them. One, 1 remember, wae of aahipbhatwaacaught in a storm 
and eo disabled that the captaia felt it his duty to inform tlic 
paasengeTB of their peril. Amongst tbem wae a bishop, who found 
it hard to accept the captain's communication. ** Gurely you 
oan do eomething to eave na,*' he cried out> '* 1 have done &11 
that LicB in my power, we must now trust in Frovidonoe, my 



A BUSV LrFE—] 



lord," was the gmve answer. " Cood gracious I " •xalaimed 
the bishop, ^' has it re^ly ^zoma to that ? '* Another was of an 
Irishman who ccmplaiijed lh*t he had served on three juries, 
each time with eleven ol the most t^bstinate men he ever came 
across, as none of them wciuld agree with him. He was equally 
readj to join in a laugh against himieJi, OncB he was aayiog 
that he had sent in some anonymous versus to the Pottftfefmie 
Magtinne but that the editor had rejected them, when his wife 
with a voice full of scorn for the editor &ad sympathy for the 
poet exclaimed, " Oh dear, nrhat a shame ! and they print auoh 
a lot of rabbiflh too ! '^ to her husband^a inteiue delight. 

One day in his club he overheard two men diocusaing the will 
of a gentleman who proved to liave been worth far Ice^ than the 
world in general had expected ; he had in fact left " only 
£300,000 I '* " Poor fellow," aaid one oE them quite seriouslyj 
" but you must remember the fall in Spanish bonde. If he'd 
only hod the luck to die trwelve months sooner lio'd have been 
worth nearly half a million." He used also to tell ft atory of 
Bishop Ala^ec bein^ asked to meet a welJ-known millionairei at 
dinjicr. The rich man was boasting that ho gave away £5,000 
a year in charities ae a salve for his conscience ; the bi^op 
quietly remarked that it was one of the biggeet fire inauraficea 
he had ever heard of. On one occasion* when travelling in the 
tropka on the top of a train, he noticed amongst the other 
passcngcts a lawyer with whom he had formerly had dealings, 
but who had almost ruined himself by too great indulgence in 
the pleasures of the bottle. This man on observing Mr. Hogg. 
stood up, imperilling his life by his lurches and general inability 
to keep steady on his h^. and proceeded to deliver a speech 
aimed at, or rather against him, to the rest of the paaseogera. 
As the train approachod a bridge, tho object of his eloqueneo 
suggested that someone should tell the man to sit down, as he 
would otherwise bo killed, but since no one seemed inclined to 
interfere, he at last rather unwillingly addreaaed the orator 
himself, warning him of hia danger, " Who are you to give me 
advice ? *' wafl the dignified reply. *' 1 do not want your advice. 



290 



QOTJ 



I an^ a lA^vycr. 1 vras brought up at the bar," " Y<b>*' retorted 
hia victim, ■* youVei been at l hn? bew & ftreat d^sl too mucb. tbttt's 
» fnct," with which Pftitiiian daH be 6«d into Ibe interior <d Uw 

He had A great IJlcing for hot thiag«v «Q^ »» cay«me pepper, 
ptrpprr pods 4nd curhee that no oae else could eat. His food 
wan u^iuvUy tingfd quite pink with the apooofula of cayeniw 
pepprr h« aliow«»d on it, and oooe in » reatatiTant as be waa 
about lo put tt piec« ol meat into hia Eoouth, ft trmn opposite 
turn ctwd out, ~* Sto^ sir, stop ! " Mr. Ho^g drof^ied hb morael 
oialwin, Mhd Um staD«ec «pologwd for barmg staitl^d him m>. 
" fiui^ ijr,'* kw Mid, " 1 kiww ^yhi mkiU noi b« ftware w^t jou 
««>p ftboul lo pal into yoor mouth/' poBtni^ to the m wt, wfalefa 
w absotutWy anoUicnd ia mvUrd. H« could tcMitctAj b« 
htmight to «tvdtl dial b» DC^^boor had doov it ob poipoae 
Mkd rtvfwrcd Iw iMd «^ b«t Mk^Bd the pn^iMi of hli bmI 
wM Mftci^ Mmrt. M Ito^ c«i*«i»d ha h^ Verted 
if>» • fti^^iftlttr o«t nl iffcij— rrt, and did Kit w^ to Iom 

Ita fcM Ih* IWlrtlfaf tttMlM b Mft lull i ■ In 

il»^ f^^y^Kkmm m m^ m wamA^ wte» ho iCHMd vatil 





GLIMPSES INTO A BTTST LTFB— H 



201 



I 



m&tton (ftfid for whioh he wafl often ontioized iknd aomewh&t 
h&rsbly judged) so ontirdy as to follow in his footfltepa and 
dedicate their Uvc& to the service of tlio Polyteclmio in the eame 
unscIiiBh, ungrudging mannor 0.8 he hod dono UimBelf* Their 
co-opemtioQ in the wcrk U> which ho had devotod his life w«b 
not only a real inward eatiaf&clion to him, but was also of the 
grc&tcfit oaaiatanoo to him tn a more matoriat way, since their 
participation in tbd administrative and social duties connected 
with the Itiatituto that until then had devolved almost entirely 
upon his shoulders, sot him mora free to cope with the private 
and peTW>nal aide ol the work for which be was peculiarly fitted. 
As the r&dius of his indueoce widened, so the olaima on him 
increased nnceasinglj and encroached more and more on the 
email amount of leisure or repose he had ever allowed himfieli. 
After Holly Hill was sold and the holiday homos ntarted in 
diiTerent parts of the couiitiy, he aever took any holiday at aU, 
but spent the autumn uiontlts goin^ from home tc home, slaying 
a few days here, a few days there, aa he thought bis proience 
was required- Nearly all these hornet were wibhin easy reach 
of London, which enabled him to be a regular attendant at bb 
various Board meetings during the autumn months, so that he 
did not even obtain the relief afforded by a brief oef^sation of 
City work, and for tJie laal seven or eight ycArn of liis life the 
only holiJays he got were his infrequent trips abroad, all of 
which, with the solitary exception of bia viait to tJie Holy Laud 
in IflOO, were undertaken for businees purposes. The Polytechnic 
bad indeed heoome bis sole purpose in life, his very reason for 
existence ; his business never su^ered, but outside that, hia 
phlliuithropic work clarmed his faculties and absorb^ hU 
thoughts nntii there was no room for any private considerations 
apart from it, any personal desiree or ambitions that were not 
concerned with tbe perfecting and supporting of it. He grudged 
a day that took him away from his " boys," a holiday apart from 
them would scarcely have been a holiday to him, and he would 
only have been impatient for itsend unless they were sharing in or 
in some way benehting by it. The Polyt^ohnic was his workand 




20S 



QTTDJTIN HOGG 



hiB recreation, a burden that was hu delight, ui ideal tbjkt ooBl^d 
an other smbitiona, purauiu, personal ta«tee oi hobbi^. The 
only personal hobby he indulged in waa an intense appreciation 
ol lileratore. When he wa* gaing on a sea voyage he tvould 
take targe weodeti boxes of books, and ffit reading by the honr, 
often devouring wi^eral volumes a day. and throwing thym over- 
board as he finished with them. Nor was Ilia choice of literature 
confined to the subjects that m^^t really interested him ; he 
roamed promiscuously over the fields of aoienoe. histoiy, theology, 
and fiction. One eouLd liardly imagine him reading a novel 
unloM it wore of the voiy higheet order of imo^ative work, yet 
DOeoflionally he would refer, to everybody's amazement, to books 
of the most pronounced senftationiLl order as having tickled his 
eense of humour, or in Fome way arroatod his attention, and 
would suddenly launeh forth into vivid destrriptions of Boenee of 
horror or into blood -curdliiij; i»host storiea, culled from some 
strange work of fiction he liod picked up at a railway station or 
found lying about in aome houao where he had been t 

Hia opinions indeed in a^ artlBtic niatterG were a eorious con- 
glomeration oF contradictions, alinoet augf^eetivQ of some subtle 
analogy botwe<in them and hia charart-cr, with i(« baffling com- 
bination of antagonifltio attnbutes. With a peculiarly seneitiva 
ear for rhythm and the possibtlitfea of langaago, he waa yet 
tot^ly devoid of any appreciation of music, which he candidly 
admitted we^aricd him ; nature appealed to him in her vastneos 
and in broad eSectfi of contour and colour- when travelling be 
appeared to derive considerable enjoyment from the flctfuery, or 
even from the more laviah luxuriance of life and colouring with 
which he fotmd himself surrounded (though one rather wonderv 
whether it was not in reality tlie poft^ibilitiee they presented for 
poetic verbal portrayal tijat he waa conscious of rather thAa 
their actual natural beauty), yet he could not comprehend that 
any one should prefer country life to existence in a town, disliked 
flowers about the house, aud was utterly unobservant ol the little 
incidental beauties the true lover of nature discovers around him 
d&il;. He was «o little oonecious of the absence or presence of 



ftrs*ti^3 



293 



ImroioDy ia hia eurrounduigs tkaX wben left to huoself he ftUowed 
a funuaher to wreak hia own wiLJ in the decoration of the lioude 
unchecked, and w&a quit« unmoved by tha appalling results ; 
yet his t&3t« w&s exoeUent, the eurios and furniture he ooUeoted 
□□ hia travels wore esquiaite epeoimens of art^ and bis selection 
of jewellery or plate w&a ^jnerringly judioious. When ho found 
the time to read so largely in hia life of oompreaaed actirity it ia 
difiioult to imagine, yet not only was he extremely well versed 
in En^hali classicEU literature, but ev&n auiMecd^ in keaping 
hiiusull veU inionned of the work of contemporary writers, both 
English and American. 

In spite of tbe enormous number of books he read and the 
rapidity with which he asaimJated their oontenta, be seldom 
forgot anything that ehruek him as interesting or ourioua. 
Poetry he loved paasiojiately ; he would road any hnea that 
appoated to him partioularLy two or three times, after which they 
appeared to be indelibly £xed in his memory, and ho would quote 
them after the lapee of many yeara. " I am glad that you like 
poetry,'' he wrote to a friend ; '' Ihare a great love id that direc 
tion myself, aud am never weary of briLshing up my knowledge 
of some of my oJd faTOcintcs. To my mind the beat argumeot 
against learning foreign languages is the smal] acquaintance one 
has witlL even the masterpieces of one's own language.*' 

Lowell and Whitticr, " the Christian poote," were, 1 think, 
almoat hia favourite writcra of modem timean He earned sm^ 
volumes of their collected works about with him, and they are 
profusely marked, '^ Virion of Sir Lannfal, Loniring — Present 
Crisis— Ghofttoeer—Bibliotra*," of Lowell's ; and " Requirement 
— Eternal Freedom— My Soul and T." of Whittier, are amongst 
the moat tiepeLcilled* and he constantly quoted from them. Of 
Whittier he said. '* he Los a broad, loving Christian spirit, no 
man could be blie worse for studying him '^; but Browning "did 
not appeal to liim in the least." Wordsworth also» in apite of 
his strongly religious strain^ entirely failed to touch any aniwering 
chord in bim ; maiidy. in all probability^ because the Divine 
reached the poei^s heart through the rereUtiona of 



■ 



m 



QUTNTIN HOGG 



Nfthire. and he atroTc* to interpret it to others by means of « 
aympath«tia and appreciAtive presentment of her ffonders and 
beautted* to which Quintin Hogg ««£ smgularlj tnMnaibb. 
Shdley^ on tlie coDtmry, ho lUways defended agEuiut the ohftigos 
of atheiam and lack of reverejice, declaring that he " fourtd much 
religion in his worka/^ Hood, with his mingled tears and Iftu^ht^r^ 
his sudden pluiigea into unfathomable alougha of deapond and 
equally epotibanecua buret* of Irrepree^ble wild gaiety, aiid his 
quick Aiglita over the whole gamut of human moodi» wad too 
nearly akin to his own temperam&Qt for there to be any lack of 
response. He read aloud eiceptionally wpH ; poetry especially 
seemed to awakeTi some latent spirit of muaic in him ; he had a 
great eanse of rhythm, and his ^otce would take on a dewp. 
resonant, vibrating tone that it only poaaeaaed when his emotiona 
were aronaed, or when he waa revelling in the raijoyment of Bne 
thoughts wortliily dothed in beautiful langu^e, the only artiatie 
means of eipreM^ion whicTi aroused any respi>nse in him or of 
which he had anyappreciation.since he oared for neiLher mnaio^ 
pictures, or sculpture. Even when merely quoting in the oourae 
ol conversation he would uncoosciouaLy alt^r his entire delivery, 
speakmg the lines so as to display to the fullest ertont their 
excellence of rhythm or beauty of phreaeology^ hia tone and 
manner auggeflting in the briefest period the undercurrent of 
paaaion or feeling that lay beneath the mere words. He used Co 
pnfaliflh short poema and eitra^rta in the Polytechnic Ma^azim, 
and occasionally wrote himself, but as all his lines were aeut in 
anonymously after he left off doing the editorial work personally, 
it is unfortunately impossible to determine definitely which 
poema emanate from his pen. 

Quintin Hogg was not an orator, though he apoke naturally 
with ease, and bis Qnency was further enhanced by long practise 
and constant careful preparation- Tha stammering to whieb 
his Eton friends refer was a youthful infirmity due probably to 
the very eagerness of his as yet undisciplined enthuaiaan, for 
he completely overcame it. and not the sbghtost heaitancy of 
speech was delectable in his maturer years^ But he never lost 



I 



GLIMPSES WTO A BUSY UTE^U 



205 



his nervonane^s when epeaLin^, the alightcst interraptioQ or 
distraction would hopolescly cDofusc hint , and one Sunday when 
a neighbour"* canary suddenly burst into molody, the claaa hod 
to wait whilst a boy went and politely rcqucatod that the little 
flongeter migh t be toton inaid<> the house. He vaa, of eourso, 
erf a very highly stning, nervoua difipoaitton, his magaetic. 
eyropathotic nature that seemed to vibrate in answer to every 
chord struck in his audience would have made it very Burpriaing 
hftd it not been so, and though very restltiaa hinitself, he could 
not bear any one elw to tidget> In his addresses his Eanguage 
was aJways simple, but pure and well-ehosen, and he had a great 
power of apt iilustration which he used very largely. With a 
quiet but intensely earnest delivery, he made the appeal of a 
friend to a friend, for he considered his audience iudiridually 
always, never as a mass of people ; and when speaking on 
matters couceming ^hich he felt strongly, his voioe becnme full 
and rich and vibrated with the intensity of purpose that animated 
him, whil/ft the obvious earnestness that pervaded him held the 
attention of his hearera more surely than any oratorical grandeur 
could have done- He could tell the members of hia c1as« stories 
Ui&t aroused a roar of merrbiient and quiet them again in a 
moment, not by the mystic power of eloquence, for he did not 
pOBseffl it, but by the sheer force of Ida personalify whiuh he 
nnconsoioijsly exerted to its fullest extent on such occFiaioiM, su 
thAt the close of the address found him often almost proatrate 
with ejhauation, for ^'virtue had gone out of him.*^ 

Hb Sunday afternoon class was his great opportunity to get 
hold of Che boys, and he always spent hours in preparation. He 
thought it wrong to take a olaas without much study and thought ; 
*■ I will not offer to God what has cost me nothing," he would 
•ay, " for we have no more right to expect a blessing on alothful- 
nesa in spintuaL than in temporal things." In early day« his 
name had always power to *" draw," and the hall was seldom 
poorly attended^ Though of later yeais the attendance fell oH 
somewhat, yet any special oocasion would always rally the boya 
round him, and nothing ever touch^ him more than such a 



QUINTIN HOGG 



tribute^ The year before hia deatb he beg^n a series of lectures 
on the Holy Load, and ft apeci&l effort waa made, unknown to 
him , to bring up the numbera of the doss. The boys perhape 
had got used to healing hinit he had spoken bo them betvem 
one and two tbou^iind tinies, he himself waa ccnecioua ol eom^ 
waning of that wotideHu] influence he exerted over others aa 
tihe yesi9 went by. When he saw the babies for tea being laid 
for a far larger niimber than uaual, " You'll drop money. Ted." 
he sa1& to the caterer, *^ there won't be hall that number. My 
buya atv tired of heating me now/* ho added raUier eadly. But 
that very afternoon his " bojs " turned up in such numbers as 
Ui refiite ti;e Htatement. 

He rarely spoke outside the PalytechnicH but on two oocaeionfl 
he went down to Harrow and spoke at maetinga of the Harrow 
Miasion, telling the boys of Jiia own «ar1y eOorts. He was very 
muoh atruok by the attention and earneatnewj of the boys, and 
the interest with which they followed his aooount- He never 
realized the almoat dramatic interest of sueh a rBcttal ; I think 
lo him it had alwaya heen jaat " the obvious thing to do/* and 
ha attributed the rapt attention of his audience entirelj to their 
goodness and not at all to the power, not ao m^ich of hia words, 
as of the deeds of vhiob they to]d. A friend of hia told him 
that about & year after the first address at Hsjtow, he was 
travelling on the underground railway and fell into conversation 
with some of the other paaaengers. Th« name " Quintin Hogg "* 
was izientioned, when a gentleman opposite leant forward and 
said. " Oh, do you know Quintin Hogg 1 J wish you would tell 
him that both my boys who were at Harrow found Qiriat the 
night he spoks there. They have led different lives ever since, 
and my wife and I can never be thanldui enough they went to 
that meeting." 

He rarely attended Divine Service in London, hia Sunday 
mornings being apent in preparation for his afternoon cloaa ; but 
he had a threat love for tho Church's liturgy, the greater part oF 
which appealed very forcibly to bim by its direct appeaU to 
tbe tseroiful goodoes of the Almighty, and the simple beauty of 



Q] 



lES INTO A BUSY LIFE—] 



29' 



lU prayers. Any approaoh to ceremony in religiouB matters 
he disliked intenBely, and preferred a service devoid even of 
mosic ejccepting the congregational singiDg of liymna^ 

Afl regards preachen, he bad an intense adnuration for Phillips 
Brooks, the late Biebop of Maasachiuettfi^ of wboTU be said : 
" Ho is, I think, the preacher who bas bdped me most, though 
some folks throv doubts on bia ortbodoiy-'* He h&d a story 
that when the prv>acber was appointed to his bUbopiic* eome one 
drew a oarioature of him, representing biin aa a wolf in sheep's 
Qlothin^H witb tbQ tegeod, " All Brooks run to the aee,^' Thi^ 
being shown to the biabop, be wrote the following mipromptu 
lines — 



"And 13 tkia then the way he locks, 
TIiIh lireeome creature, Fbilllpa Brooka T 
No wonder, if 'tis thus he locks, 
TbQ Church haa doubts of FhHlipB Brooks. 
Wull, if he knows himself, he'lt try 
To give these doubtful looks the lie. 
He dates not promiso, but will seek 
£ven Bs a Bishop to be meek ; 
To vftlk th«i way he ahall be shown. 
To trust a strength that's not his own. 
To (til tlie ya&n with houwt work. 
To aerve hia day, and not to ahiric. 
To quite forget what folks ha\G said. 
To keep hia hecut, aad keep his head ; 
Until mer» laying him to rest 
Sh^ll any, ' At least he did bk beet ' I " 

Of oar English preachers he said, " I look upon Boyd 
Carpenter aa one of the beat speakers in England ; his aermoos 
aro full o£ thoi^ght. of iUuatration. of good sense. Now thiit 
Phillips Brooks is dead, I know of no preacher in England or 
out of it to whom I would rather listen than the Bishop of Ripon.*' 
He kept abreast of the tide of tlieological thought and argu- 
ment by dint of wide reading, ftnd was always anxious that the 
members of bis class should benoSt by the increasing knowledge 
revealed through the researches not only of unbiaaeed theologians. 
but of scientistfl, geologians, or aatronomars. With a view to 



1 



B9S 



QULNTIN HOGG 



dispelling some of tbu diG&cultiea frequently referred to him by 
those to whom the revelations of science appeared incompalibJe 
with the atatemonts of Holy Writ, he delivered in 1883 a eenea 
of addro;ises entitled "^ The Dfty-dawn of the Fftst/' on soienoe 
And revelation as seen in the creation, in which he endeavouml 
tc explain simply the story of science in relation to the biblioal 
account of the creation of this world and its inhabitants- Th(^» 
oddreddes were afterwards pubLiahcd in book form, and enjoyed 
considerable popularity amoogat the class for whom they wer^ 
prepared. The Sunday afternoon addre*8eB were usually 
reported in the Polytechnic Magazine with the foUowing foot- 
footnote . " Notes of on addrees delivered on Bunday, No claim 
is made for originality or literary merit in these notes. In 
preparing these addresses for dehvery, I made use of any books 
I poeeeaaed on the subject in band> My time doea not allow of 
that careful revision, amounting almost to rewriting, which 
ahould precede the publication of extempoie addresses. — Q.H/' 



xn 

THE THEOT-OGY OP LOVE 

O brother man, fold to thy heart thy brother. 
When pity dwells, the peace of Qod b there ; 

To vorabip rightly u to loTe each other, 

Elaoh amile a hynm, eaoh kindly dead a prayer. 

WnimFit. 

For Love u Heaven, vid Hbavmi Love: 

StmW. Soon. 




IT IB with gTMt diffidoTioe thftt I approach the aabject of 
Quintia Hogg's religioufl beliefs and ideaa. He was a man 
of acticn t&ther than of theonefi^ of gtrenuoos efiort rather than 
of voluble oreoda. Love vaa the ruling paMJDH of hie life, as 
it waa of his ME^t«r'e, and becauae of the groatticsG of hia heart, 
his bolkiB were brood, nigg^ and comprehenBive. He spoke 
very little of theory, it was ever Love and Action with him. 
His Master talked with publiaans, PliaHoeee, Samaritans, Lovitoa ; 
the Acct mattered nothing to Kim, only the aoul that often lay 
hido-bound by Hcctarian teachings and traditions : and His 
example Quintin Hogg strove to foJlow. It wa* largely the 
secret of hia widesproO'd influence and succew — the great- 
neaa of his lov^ and Uio absence of theory. Every one 
who came into contact with him felt that whatever their ideaa 
or creoda, however far removed from hia own, he would never 
rejeet or scoff at them, but wae ever ready to own that any belief 
honeetly held might truly be a ray of Chriet^a Light. *' Truth 
is for ever better than falsehood, purity than impurity, self- 
McrificG than selflahne&fi, love thfui hate.** Those great facts 
were all important, the detail mattered little. It is therefore 
very dilfic^ult to say muclL of hia theology, beyond tliat it was 
Ctirbt^e theology of Love, Truth and SelHesMuesa, but I have 
endeavoored to collect a few of his ntterancea conoeming the 
great truths of Christianity whic^h miglit prove of interest to 
others. 

The laflt letter he ever wrote, which was found nnfiniahed upon 
his desk after his spirit hod gone to prove the truth of all beliefs, 
ipeoka strongly on this very subject of craed^^ 

Ml 



aos 



QUINTIN HOGG 



" Do you mnciuber sonny, how in rhe oM daya I Advi^^ y<tM* 
to ati«k lo flvemti&ls 7 This ^ftu thing 1 knotu u better than a doEm 
ctefds. Wh&tovor eleo ma; h& sjiakon there aro Bomc faoU fetsb- 
lishtid beyotul the warringe of ail the theologians. For ever, virtue 
ia better thajk vic«. tmth than Iala«hood, kuidnnn than bnitaJity. 
Thoeo, like lov?. never fail, so yoti rauBt not let your donbte Jead 
you to a wrong life. Don't canfuBo theology ft&d religion ; the 
onR is a ficientw to h» proved or disproved, the otb^ a life Co be 
Jivod. 



A^in, speaking U> bis boTS he eays — 

" I do not eue a mfih vhat denommatioa yoa belong to, T do not 
very much care what special creed you profpedi but 1 do c&re beyond 
all ec[n-e»(i(]n that the reanlt of that creed in your daily life flhould 
be to make you a power for good amongst- your IgUow men, that it 
flhould lay Eta bandar a^ it were, upon the strength of your majihoodt 
upon all your powere. Wc hear much talk about creeds, profrauonB 
of faith, and th^ like ; but I want you to rt'm^mb^r that wlioQ 
God started to write a creed for uo. Ho did it, not in words that 
might cliange their meaning, but He set* beft^re ua a Life, art tliough 
to teach UB that w)kerea£ theology was a science which could btt 
argued about, religion waa a life and could only be lived. T wieh 
I could gel you to tlirow overboard, if tJoXy for a few minutea^ aU 
schemes and plans and creeds, and come in touch with the living 
God, Your euprcme need to-day m a peroonol Chrivtt a pergonal 
rervlatlOQ of God ; you will hut mar and liindtT it if you gft humaa 
achamea and plana ol salvation, and theoriea of atooemont and 
what not, Theae things are true enough in thctr way, but too 
often they come betwom man aud Godn instead of being schcoJ- 
mafiters to lead them to Him. T wu talking to a Roman Catholio 
boy the other day about the eimplc truths of the Gospel^ when ho 
fiuddwUy ftccTiied to be afraid I wae trying to make him a Protestant. 
■ Tt'a no good, sir,* ha said, ' you will never gst me to change my 
religion/ ^Mydoar fellow,^ I rephed, ^I do not want yon to change 
your religion, I want your religion to change yoti-^ If you atv * 
Roman Catholic, live op to the highnrt truths of Roman Gatholiciani ;. 
if you aie a Protectant, live up to th« highest tniths of Proteataiitiam. 
What«VEr your faith ia, live up to the higheet, purest ideal act befora. 
you, for God ia Car more perfect tb&n our nobleet ideal," 

Wbftl then woa, in his eyes, the truo religion ! 

'* True religion is a radical thing, that is. it goes to Uie root 
of matters. Paul tells ub that great and needful for a complete 
life as faith aod hope niaybe, it ia Love — supreme, abaolute Love, 
which is the one eefienttal. Love is the only religion, then is do 
true raligion which U loveleaa. You may have everything 



THE THEOLOGY OP LOVE 



m 



I 



orthodoxy, iotelli genet., fait h, whatever you like, but if you \ia\o not 
gat love you are tta a lantern withcut light, ant) n^ a man without 
a soul. Christ Himself did teach us, ' Love God and iove youf 
brothort for thi« !• rooro than all tho law aad the prophete-' Paul 
alao iiifliHta that no gift of eloquence or oflermg of wi^tli or aaiirifiDe 
of any external thing could be ptea«ing to Qod. unlMs it was Uie 
outcome of a loving heart and true norehip- I wiah you would 
teat oU do<:trinea and all crenjfi by those words of Chriet acd of 
Paul- If the preaching of any n^an, priest of layman, bishop or 
Sunday achool teacher, put£ anything botw<^on you and & personal 
love to Ood 03 your Father* to Chrial a« your Saviour, then that 
tAaf^hing is vein- God in Ixivft, and in p^rfert Iova b found pflrfect 
rcrligion. Lovo ia not only the msential elmnent of ail rehgion, but 
nc woiahip can be substituted for it. Service without lore ia 
nothing." 

Love, then, in hi^ eyes, was the kftynote of all true religion^ 
beoftiue, if real, it embraces all theotherteftchingsof Christianity; 
for he ttya — 

" I want yon to notlcs however, that personal and individual 
lovo does not by any means repreeent what is meant by the term 
ae Dcad by John. If you lovo half a dozen peopl? who love you^ 
that 6of« not make you a Cliristian. What is meant by love ia 
not a preference for a certain number of special people, but a generic 
diaposiiion. If you aro going to teat yourself by the worda of 
ChriHt and Hia apaatles, you mufit ask yourself, not whetlier you 
love some person or peracma who love you in return, but whether 
you AO live araongHt your fellow men that those around yea can 
see in you som^hing of the comprelienaive aitd inclusive love 
of Ood. 'No man can love God oxcept h& evid&nca it in love 
to man/ 

And work miut follow such love, &? the night doth follow day, 

*^ I hold it an impoaaibility for a man to have hU heart full of Ood^s 
lo^^. and yet be doing notiiing for Ins brother. If we love not our 
brother whom we liave seen, how con we love God whooi we have not 
eeon T . , . , If you have proatituttHl the bloas^ gospel of oux 
hotd into a kind of ingurauce policy bo save your wretched uelf 
from perdition, you have erred ind«od. A Chrifltianity which 
doea not impel a man to aave hia follows has but tittle that is akin 
to the spirit of Ghriat. If you are standing by ujaking no effort to 
save the priceless liviw in the midst of which youra is cast, how 
dweileth the iove of God in yoa 1 

" Is true freedom but to break 
F0tt«rs for our own dear saka. 




QCTNTTHHOGQ 



And wltii iBBflwn hfluta fn^ 
Tlut wa om m»nhi|Mi » dobfcl 
N? t truB Fnedom is to ihn 
All ibfl chfUDB Qur bnUvn ffottr, 
Aod with heart uhd buid to b« 
Earnedt to mokB otben !»«." ^ 

" Lore MpkA not to limit it« devotjcrv, but to find opporttmiHAM 
of CMfpreMiig it. Would you know Ood 2 1 aay to you« diooo^ 
whftt truA love meana- Qet your heArt ao full of it that it 
wad yon forth in Cod^a Spirit seekinfc to s^ve the lostr y< 
to redeom tha erriiig aad Hiaful, bindiog up the brokwi-l 
drying streaming ^y^^, mid ccmforLirig thpjn Ihst irionm; 
auch a lovo ob that into yoixr aoul, and you nvcd look tko 
for on UDBgo of God. Moreover not only is it true tliAt every one 
that loveth knoneth God. but it Js equally tme that you vill kiuMr 
God juBt to tb« extent that you really love aod no more." 

But though bo his vbion t^ revelation oE God was so ddftTi 
ao unmifltAkeable, he was Far from failiag to reiiilkc or comprehend^ 
the atumbliag- blocks which bo oft^n trijipcd up the urirerLain 
pilgrim at the b^iiming of his journey ; be (tought paLieatly to 
ftDflwer any ^tieationa bb boys brought to him in tho maimei 
TurHt Bui1«d to their needs, moat Ifkely 1o help them. The evei 
diAputed questions of verbal inspiration, of heavf^u and h^Q, 
of the future life^ of answer to pf^yer, of why God permitted 
sin. etc., were frequently referred to him by those to whom the 
light he saw so clearly waa obscured by donbU ajid dii^cultiea, 
and whilst urging erer " the essentials " I ha^e already quoted, 
he always nought to remove the difficnltiea and clear away the 
earth-born clouda which were dimming their eye*. I wish to 
raise no eontrovereiea on such subjects, but meredy because tho 
opinions of one who lived bo n6ar to God were surety formed 
only after long commiuiion with God and after much study of 
His word, and are therefore worthy of consideration, 1 giro 
without comment or remark what be said on some of tbeso 
matters. It is often difficult to quote without somewhat distort- 
ing the meaning of a few words bereft of their oonteat, bet I 
have striven to choose passages that are self contained and there- 
lore lesflt liable to miscooatructioQ on that oount. 



THE THEOLOGY OF LOVK 



305 



Of the Bible he spoke frequently and at length, urging ita 
study da God^s Word, but alao urging tho uac of common sense, 
the taking advantage of every Light thrown hy history and 
BcienCQ. He himself had been brought up in the doetrino of 
verbal inspiration and spoke from bitter ciperience of the 
ahattering of that belief, and the doubt and difficulty into which 
it plunged him, 

"I bo&eetly believed aa a child that every word of tho Bible 

wae a direct inspiratioQ from God j tutd when 1 found that maijy 
of the hiBlorical stalementH in flpripture were eontradictory to each 
other, that the geoEogy and astronomy of the Bible wore incorrect, 
it setmed to me aa tljough I were about to loee the uhole of the 
Ward of God. It vaa not with me a matter of a month, or even 
of a year ; it took me many y&ATs before I was able to look oaLmly 
on that ehattered tradition of inspiration aa 1 had once held it* 
and to thank God that the tHrthE«D vessel liad been broken that I 
lajght get the spiritual food ia a truer and rtewor form- The Bible 
to me to-day is more and not luaa than it used to bd it ia a truer 
revelation froin God from tli« very fiu.'t that it is steoppd with the 
belielfl and prejudices — erroPH if you wiU — of the men who wrote 
jt. I do not know any Hpiritiial ejcperi^ince wtueh no profoundly 
moved me as tlic cliange which my intelleut forced Ufion me an Ui 
the inspiration of the Bible ; but where T thongbt I was goin^ to 
have groat loea I have found great gain ; in a flense, instead of tho 
dead ChriHl., T havn foiuid Iho livin|^ Clitlsl. . . , Exposed aa many 
of you are to the possibility of lieariag what you hold to be tnoat 
sacred lightly spoken of, it ia beyond evorything important that 
you should be able to take up a proper and riglit line of defenoo 
aa regards the Holy Seriptorw ; it aeems to me that the Bibia 
often eufferu more at tho hands of ito defenders than it doi?e from 
the attacks of its a^isailaute, 1 am at a loos to iiciaguie how we ara 
to search God's Word, if wa are not to apply to it eitaotty the same 
ruJee of critioisin which wo ahould apply to any other work. But, 
fiay BonLe, in it not a presuni]>tion Id qututicn the truth of Qod'a 
Word T Thfa appoare to me a moat falal mistake. It is pm. 
Bumptuoua to qu4?etion God's ways when ottce we know them to be 
euch. It would bo proaumptuoua for you or 1 to question God*a 
wisdom in liaving allowed sin to enter the wnrld. or His mercy in 
cutting short Lvce wo value, but it is not preeumptuoua hoc^tly 
to endeavour to 6nd out what His will is, or to seaich carefully 
and ontieally every word that prcjfwsre to come from Him. Wa 
have no m^anei^ authcrity than Chiiat Himself for such a aearch. 
' Judge ye yourselvce what fa right,* He aays^ Dc^pead upon it 
7oa will be called upon to accomib for your use of your one talent 

U 




306 



QUINTIN HOGG 



oE reaaon u weL as for any other taloDt you nwy poOBPWh Ymt 

iniut Hlaud or foil by liie light and ability God has given yotL 
. . . Happily, T b*^li<^vp a very atnalJ eot of |>eoplG now up- 
hold what ia called ' plonary inspiration," Now, if o\ery word 
is io^pire^J, nhy do wo find thooe people keeping Sunday 
the fimt day of tbti vctek^ instead of th^; spv^rir.h, wtien 
thoy profwa to haw tho direct ulbtiremc& of God in favour of tbe 
latter obeervau«!, whereas uo qiiot&titm from the Book even in- 
direotly autliorUflfl a dppartvn^ from it, T Many ^ImiUr ezampled 
ocDiir h < > but tlus dhawe tluvb Iho holder of plf>nary uiBpiration 
are out roally ouo^Lbtciit witti tlic?iT own view of Gud*i» Word- Nov 
]et UB teat it by tho claims of the Bible itself, I will first refer ta 
a tert ofton quoted in connexion with this, whinh it ia well for ua 
to underetand. In the authorised vcTBion the verse runs, ' All 
ScriptnTG i6 given by inspiration of God." You will notiro tlip 
word ' ia * is in italics, whioh means that it was uot in the original 
Greek, and if you turn to the revised version you will see the real 
translation in, "all Scripture givoa of ftod/ fltc. To thtj bw* of 
roy boliof, xn no part of tho Bible ia any m.^piraf ion olaimod foe its 
merely liiiitorical ports. You find tho prophets moved by ttu> 
Holy Glioflt. but whum do you find evon by infprence that tho 
writer of the BcM>k of Kings waa moved to oay 7,000 men went intA 
battle instead of 8,000, etc. Little discropancios fire rxactly wh&t 
you would expect to ^d if two perfectly truthful mt^n wrote of 
the same event, or J a book had to be copied a great number of 
times by fallible human beinge. They in no way detract from the 
value of God 'h Word neither do theypRivo anything whatever ngBinst. 
it. You will find fifty referenees to aueh trifling errors of copyiata 
or to historical stories, for ovory one fair attempt to improve on 
tho revelation of God given us by our Blesaed Lord. I inflist 
mui'h on t^iii point, because words tnj} to express the importanoe 
I attach to your loving and roverenoing tlio Book we are oonatdermi; ; 
I fael you could go no aurer way to loaingyour faith in it altogethiir 
than to claim for it an unDecessary acd untenable inspiration : 
uoir could you oxpoee youreelf more fatally to the replies of thoae 
you would convince. . . . Call common sense to your nid' If you 
picked up any book written in the vivid ima^ry of the East, and 
this hiook told you of a happy garden, a wonderCtil tree, a talking 
serpent, and a forbidden fruit, would you deem it to be true hisl<»fy 
ot an aiU'gory r Oo you object that by calling this story an allegory 
you enervate and take away force from the Word of God T t reply 
in words of Scripture, * Without a parable apaka He not unto them.' 
We may well be content to belinve tliat the Spirit IfflU'hps upi liy 
parables and allogories in the written Word^ when the Living Word 
who was madD floeli and dwelt amongst us employed the same means 
of izkotruction." 



THE THEOLOGY OF LOVE 



M 



Even more did be dwell on the fart tbattheBible was a growing 
revel&tion. giTing to each &ge the light most auit^ to iXs needi. 

'' Btlievinp. a& I do, that no man ©vor yet aui!CPod*>d in biwoming 
a great proplictt and in permanently c^lsvatiug intn'fl idffts of God 
unk«3 hf* vs« motv or Im« iniiipirivl as a mMMinger from T.he Moat 
High. 1 wifcnt to nEiow you that CItrietjaaity CAme vhen iJie world 
irui rj|.ie for it, or. 00 tlie Dible »ayBt ' m the fulncsti of time/ lb 
vaaa OS if God ha^ n revf^lution lo n^akt^ to the world, a word tol4?Ach 
it, HiB own name; Aod Hu tAU^ht it ju yve tiiEtch & littto child* 
lettei by letter. To ono nation cftuio « nic«&&g?r b7 Buddliii, to 
another by ZoroaBler, to anothi^r by ConfuciuB^ t-o anotlier by 
MoeoSp until at lut the fuU Word nns rE>VEAled, th» Word that wbh 
made flesh and dwelt with lu. . . , No truth i^aa be Laiiglit until 
tho world ia prepared for it. , . . To me it Bc^tns I can read my 
Biblo with greator reverence and intereBt nov I see in it a continuous 
record of a continuous revelation, wherein Ood appears ever ^ow- 
ingly moto tpndpr, more mRfeifnl. where the false hnn>H.n ideB« of 
Hun as ht-ld by Abraliam, Joshua and Kanl are sofi«nod down in 
the tondernefia of Isoiahi and finally in the life of our Lord Jteue, 

That ynu may ever sefl a God of progress and of love in the 
Scriplurcfl, that you may realise that lA^Jiatever is omol or faUc in 
the Old Testament is attributabb to human orror and not to 
Divine revelatinni and that th& aamu God who vaa fuuntl by every 
true heart in tlie Old TeEtamenl no malter how or iriiero Ho waa 
i^onght, and who Ja to-day waitijig to be ps^cJoua and bleaa you, 
may he re^-patod to you, \» my ho[* and pmyer," 

Of th« tremendoua importajiDe of Prayer he was never we&rj 
of speaking. 

'* I RuppoHfl you do pray T " he aske bU hoys. " for if you do not 
you arc robbing youroelvca of one of the greatest privileges given 
to man, and one of Uiu mo^t importBut jueans for thu attainm^int 
of holiness. There in no jnirer sign of a (rue Chriatian than hia habi- 
tual practice of prayer ; and tho cause of all backabdin^ and ein 
may be aouRfit in the nvglect. known probably to God alone, of 
private devotion, . , . Use tlie meatia God has given you — pray 
— and let your prayer not be a few hurried words at oipht or in the 
moraing, but a constant »enso of Hia Presence in tht; workshop, 
football 5eld, or faoine circle, God alwayn hparn prayer. It 
may arise from you in your workshop when you bond a bum- 
ing face ashamed at the conveirbatien you are forced to hear* 
or in tliis hall wlien you mingle your voice with those of oihPTS 
in full aympathy with your^f ; it may come front Ihe Mahommedaa 
in hia lOosque, or the heathen in his daikn«isfi, . . , And God 
'\nHwHrB prayer now as He always did, not by a violent inteiruplioQ 



vm 



(JUINnS HOGG 



of the Iaw of vmtnr^ bat by ca um-tulins <^ tfnao lftw« to prc^ 
dnea «atui nB&h^ God'a ^orj m soft Bo ba witfaoot !■«, but to 
worfl by U« ; lh« l*«-iiiftk)tf doM oM tJioo>B to b» iha Uw-brtatar. 
■od orery fr««fa iluag He gcatei is himIj Always tiw <m t Mm g ol 
«li*A ba* beea • - • If our boart* fasrv ktovq cold and oor 
ttfVMM ft mvdiDA wmiuM tf it ■■ not ii^ **— — "— *^ ^rvtii <Hmu^n 
oratojrukgftwajfroaiCSiriit Ui«*^eftniif«D«vOTffitrvnglfa. Iflwah 
tdbiB Hat tlvy who wcwtld ravw tfaev ■tnvffdi dobm vail opoa 
the Lord- . , . T«C mm Mnd CbriM » w ay with fiv» miaotM' ^i r »j gtf 
in the maraii^ s bintied rhwp<gr mk ni^A* dii»'Bmd^r Benioe, or 
KttOB Budi pcfff uoctory wonliip." 

JU reg&nb tbe Fntare Life md the c^ndktkna Appcvtaornkg 
to it, he bdd Tc«7 bcMitihil Tiewft, iriikli, thoogh tiow Toy 
Earsdy accepted, were kwked opoQ ae bomUr anorthodox and 
dislfcaaiBg DOt mtmj j«an ago; 1 faaye b«Krd people cxpran 
dtflSppcrvToJ bocMMo he wm not tt ngobr c^orchgocc,' and 
Attribute his '' lamentable riews " to tb^ fact ! 

" II we QiTtfttiarL3 believe the iiaBnftI fractioo of wh^t wv p f tWn d 
to believe, thav is but laile io iDcmru over in d^Lih. T krxiw oat 
wben or how that v?»i]pd uiOtK^^er atMry cconv to met but thii 1 do 
know, that it cad come orxly at the bidding of oiy Father, 1 koow 
iU oiwkoa caa be nothing more than the undodtfog o( thv poor 
weak body of my hamilution to alotb^ me with Uw body of Hm 
^osy. > . , Dektb (• itot only ko ^Kodus, it ia also ao cvibaoccw 
while WB alazid by thebedaide and aay. "ht u gowt,*' tbey on the 
otJicr aids are w^koming hig^ with iin£p««lublB joy. . . . Not ooly 
V our preectit unnt&diAto Future ae m^a depeDdem npoo Hm mannrr 
in which w« hft^e spei^t and arr flpeudiitg our Uve*, bat-lfae cdect 
of our ACtkma doea not ofmti^ with the grsTvi, but cvvy artioo, ev**^ 
wordr hae in Haolf an effoot which ia neceeearily etemaL UndentAnd 
ui this seiue t}iat ^ for eviry idle word that loea ahaU speak tliey 
■bAU give Bccniint/ and then i>nkarpip the eipTMaion ' Day of Joct^ 
jptoat * to tta true mGtuuag, not iJniitlDg it to any one tinw or eeaaon 
but realitiiig that through aQ ftcmity a laan's capacity for good 
or evil, a mHi'a weal or woe, «i>] be more or lf«s afT«rted by tho 
atTtiocfl of his everyday tife hero. If wd njunrcly bebcve in the 
future eLftto, it in idle to quibbles about the exact tuDJiaume which 
vanotu Bchoots of thn;ight have plftci>d npoo this or that Bibheal 
expfeMion. In one oftiss poniahrDeat and reward must nece^iarity 
bo etemeJ, for no man can vbi without fo^ixig thr efTect of that sin 
in (h» la« of unknown poasibLliiiin of bIfiWfdnmii in (he world to 
eome, wh«r«M no man ean conquer evD now and riAe superior to 

1 He spAAt hJB Sunday miming in prtparotian Cn hi* d^av i» the 
■rt«rai>aix. 



M» 



his lower nature, without reaping f.ho reward of s truer attpreciatioa 
ol God, » liTgbor capAciiy for happinoa m the acorLS of the future. 
Even if wd could wrong the Divine QiAiecter by bupixjaing it to 
he wicked enou^ Ut create aji etem&l material tiro or ta^e of tor- 
ment, it would not bo niMdod* Do yoit romeiubor tliAt grojtd \etfto 
of Mildou's, where he niabi<H SaIah TGB.\h^ the truth aa to tht' real 
lUttire of the pamshmflnl in tha nait world T "WhiohwuyJ Hy 
is heli : tnyif-lf am hcU." Depend upon it, rtcre lioe the real irting 
of j^in^ Tlitdi'e \a no bell «qual to the de<^p damnatron of having 
become utterly, voluntarily, antl romjilet/'ly bad. Heaven and 
hoU ore not aa much pboee as conditions cf mind and spirit. 1 do 
not for a moment Kay t}ut God m&y not clothe the abodes of the 
blest with beaulipa fairer than ths imagination can eoneeive, or 
that the abodts of the Joct may not be dark beyond devcriptLon, 
and aa drBodful us the coDAcbiirinpea of unrapenl^ alita i^an make 
thom, but I do «ay that th« glory of heaven wiD be the heavenly 
eptrit whioh will enable a man to entor into the mind oF God| while 
tl»e ruin of liell will b© not material fire, but the misery of being evil 
. . . that greet wida gulf tliat makofl the pn»enc>{* of God Joy and 
peace to one mont trooble &Ttd bottow to smother. In one sense of 
the word, nil puniahinent muet be eteniaL You tan never again 
bs quite the fieme man oa you might have been had you givon up 
your Bin a yctir ago. There i» something more terrible than hell, 
tJie ain that maken it. I uAvd to think of heaven and ita golden 
atreeta and pearly gatea, and it was the place I thought of ; bat 
oa I grew older and my Loved onea passed on before, my thoughta 
(if heav(<n uhunged altogether. 1 no Icn^r tluiik uf tlio place, butp 
<rf the great company I shall meet there, of my Poly, boys who have 
gone home, of the mothop who loves me none the Icea because her 
love hoa been made perfect in her Saviuur'a preoence. I bt-Jievo 
that when our opening eyse Smt pierce the myateriEV at tliat land 
beyond tho river, oiir fLrat feeling will be a deep inward eonaafion 
of being at, home -. tlte aurroimdingp Uiat are so often antagoniaLic 
to our bett«T natare will be gone ? there will be no more sea." 

Frequt-ntly. of course, he woq aeked to refute the primal 
argument. " How caJi God be good «id allow evil to exiat ? " 

I only quotti one answer of his — 

■* T want to point out to you that a departure from the perfect 
will of God waa an absolute^ nooe«aity if God wished to make s 
porf£*et or a good race of men. It is true God could iiave made mm 
who would have had no choice but to serve Him^ wlioae love would 
have bean the T<e£ult of law. whofio worship ft necessity of their 
condition, but would you care for e man who wa*^ iru^fv to love you, 
com/peiied to serve you t How then could God be sutifified viih 




: 



310 



QUrariK HOGG 



aervioc that would not dven s^tidty the wAnte of oor htiman nAtore 1 
If lovo is u> bo omX love, Borvic« real stwice, it musl be vo]uiit«f7 
And ipontAneonH ; men muBt be free to give or withhold tt. Now 
woo Qcnnipotaiwv cAnnot rfcooeile two Abeolut^ly ontagtiwstiv 
tlonga* It m p«ab rvvn tb? powvr of Qod to let a mao hav« £ree 
wUt and Tel not to hftve il« id niBl:e men frve uid yst davtA ? and 
if Odd gaVB EDCtk in^ vill, tJkOn m the Joog nut it woa a dead c<v- 
t«hiby that soim ooo ao mdowni wvndd put ap hia own aeU will 
■gainst the will of hi« Father and enereiae the gift whidi ini^^ 
maike hJcn wcvthy to b^ a aon of God in a w^ that woold drag hka 
down Ic br unpuTi^ aod «vil.*' 

Ibow lew extncta tt^ I hopsi, givv aDOn tlight iAm erf 
braftdtfa and tolermiMn of his tctigkKtt prlncifin \ but Iw Itfl 
Ibe LnnBt and beat bidex to hn creed. A man of true poetic 
bflling and with a memory that retaioed indeliblr any tluraght 
or e^Kunkm that tnade an Tmpnsncn on him. bft yoesameA m 
ytrj critical, inide|«]dml and virilB intellect • eoostAQtJy inniiiiiT 
atmg trait ide^ and imhampned hf tj^t-taggnl prejadxm 
or imcv opKWHM, be w»s alran ready and eager Id awl 
himnilf nf thr rrtrltii nf nmr rtiennTrrire in thn (if Hi nf knrrlrnlflrr - 
Ibeee chanctemtke rikoved IhfianriTfn ckady ki hii ibaolqgy. 
'' Ob<^ thifi^ 1 tmrnt, tnith » better than filirliafl : ** for Ae 
PMt^ hb tcind vaa ever rradv to receare nev idna, to ^ifify tbe 
tbeorita of meooe. art. and huoan tfaoagbt to bit Mudy of God's 
iveelatioa to mtem. 1^ floe be tvied enreaMbcly to Hn, tbr 
be faw to be capable ol BOR figbC BOfe fakUbl e^u^ 
Pet^po Ibe BOit dktecCtn SiKlafa d bk r e<gflM ib. 
b0 rmt« gBMWM triwwM^ w Iba MfMapy aC bv 
lerbwGod. ffalhiig ct^ awd ae>a 
t» diabe Ub a m 9wBl k m ol GodTa pinowl hmv tn b^. 
creiT cmeq^CBey «f trial ac^ pam be tiward with ibe 
el maiilfri b> ble FUba*. aa a 
HeHid<Ma*tob» 





LETTERS ^^^^ 311 

tlinnigli ihe piilallh of life whJle my h»nd is damped by a nover- 
failing Ooide ; or of T>thers who look lorwftrd to the end of Uieir 
oartbXy li/e vitl^ droad and trcmblmg while 1 Mo caAy the out- 
spread anna ut the ev^rlostinif Father iutd Ihd wolcoine of a Uf^ 
long Friend." 

That exactly expteeaed hie altitude towLirdfi Gtxl; one feeU 

no restraint in apcaking to a '* life-lonj^ frioDd/' and «u hts exttjiD' 

pore prayers vhich were iiauaHy remarkable for buauty uf 

thought and language, revealed intimate communing with a God 

of Love and Sympathy ; the doily, hou/ly appc^aU to One he 

knew would not, nay, could not fail him, vhivh were the secret 

WtL of his stren^h and of his tenderness to others. 



LETTEFtS. 

To a boy wivt had urilUn lo him about (Ac Mure Ufe. 

9^12^02. 
Mv nEjvn W., — 

Your Ieti«T of the 8Ui mBt. la to hand- > . - Now. aa 
to the point about nhicli you o^k tne. Any man who attempt* 
to indicate exairtly wLiat takes place to tlifr human soul aftar 
d«atli ia n^lly indulging in the purt^ and wildest' specula- 
tion. Al! anytiody ran do i^ to orgui? from analogy. Sin in tills 
world avcngn^ itself on a nuin^a body, intolluoti and i^pirituaJ {capacity, 
and ae it ia the aame nian and nut anotlier |>er«on that poMca into 
the neit world, oro may naturally ofteump that iha ftatria thing 
ooeuTB thorc. that ia to €ay. that *' thp worm that dictli not, and the 
fire that a not quenched." in tlie in»atiabjle deairtf of the drunkard) 
the aswualtat, the avaricious man, and the tike to gratify j»H8ion§ 
whioh when gratiti«d, cry out for more. In talking of heaver and 
licll yon ai^ould think not po muuh of a plaix' aa of a condition. 
Heaven rnay he. and ]irt)bfLb|y Ir, more beautiful than fancy tan 
paint, and lieli may vfrll he the rovorse. but after all, real happinew 
depcnda not ao much on our iiurroundint^ ad on oureeU'eSp To be 
in heaven ik to have our will in complete umiuu with God's Will 
whieh rules everything. To be in hell a to have cur wdl ontagon- 
iatio to 0od*8 will, and thurefor© antagonistic to PverylUing that 
tenda to our uwn wl-H being, our own happtnei^ aitd ihe lawB of the 
lUuvarre. Th« '^ peace tiwt paaeeth undeTHtandrng, the joy un- 
apeahablD and full of glory/' id real aonahip with God. Le. to flay* 
liaving our dtnimi and witln so entirely in iiniAun with Hij^ Uiat peace 
IB tim neoepsary end natoral outcome. The Old Testament picture 
of the wicked boing like the troublod eea, unable to rest and caettng 
o.p mire and dirt it a very bf<autiful and a \'tTy true onv, whilst 
the deep peace ol tJke etarry vault of the heaven above un may equally 



OnTTOTHDOO 




LETTERS 



I 



Ihe7 marry and Assuiae family oar««. If therefore* H should 

follow tho imiltitiide to do this evil he will only be doing what 
must uthutv du. diid I do not se« wliertr the hLuuihjitioD or f&iluro 
will DOme in- If lutvevcr, it is TDt>Ant that he will become so 
pecfmary to the work that he oancot be epeJed — this imphce 
BiK!t»Ba ftnd not failure. In ntjlbea- ca»e doe^ Uih objcfLt.jon bold 
good- In the fint inHtAniw ho would have done liiH b«^, and for 
oaii0CH and roaaona not hard to manufacture by the buahel ho will 
roUre with praise rather Ui&n blauio for htkviDg givtni hia a\taxv 
bachelor tirne to God'R work. In Lbn otIiBr in^itarice there will 
be the cndarinK feeord of Bueccf^ whti?h may woll a)alEt> him in- 
di^ereat to Gct^hmu^a opinion oii^ way or the ether. It ia ao few 
young men who can say sinrerely that a useful life attraciA them 
more than a rioh ono» that aiowiy won by tlie devotion of all 
thoir farulties to Jta aoquirement is not worth having, tliat it icvla 
to me ahnmt like profaning the HoEy of Holier to divr^ari} such a 
ShekiTLAfk ^t^t before a yaung roatk^B path- I do not thrnk auy 

golden- word -muderation-kuid-of- work will atptroct H^ to t}io 

same extent, ncrr woulil any Riioh work draw liicn ouEp to the bkiiiq 
extent. It ia not many who would Ince the reaponsLbitity of being 
the pivot maiLt hut when you do get aucb a one, he aeema tQ be 
God mtilL, and to need HIh sphere- 



To a meruber. 



Mt deab 



issa. 



A WeLp^hnian hoe the knock of gcttinj^ bold of bnotty ques- 
tions, and you have udicd me to-day about thti taost dilRciuIt 
thing. 1 think I might ahnost flay the most impo^ible thing, you 
could possibly have picked out. I really know of noworkwhioh 
deafa with (he Atonenxcnt in the eitensive way yoa wiiJi, and 
indeed it w not to be wonderod at that thia isi the caae. We cannot 
exfXH^t to bo able to appreciate fu[1y all tliat lira boEiind the truth 
figured for ua, of the relations of God represented as the Father, 
and God represented aa the Son, in the wonderful drama of Calvary. 
In my opinion it is precisely because men have endeavoured to rueh 
in "where ancela fear to tread." and to Umit, with meaflute trod, 
the wifldom of God tiiat ao much error has crpjit into tiiia doctrine. 
Some men have not tliought it enough to leom from it the story 
of an inoxliQUBtible, unchangenblo ond Be If -sacrificing love which 
AufTerH for us and with tv*. hut they must nepd^ invent a little legal 
fiotion of their own, involving doetrineB of aubatjtution and tTftrsfeP 
of guilt and the other le^al fietiona unworthy alike of the aubjseti 
and tho Crt^ntor I do not believe that you will ever know all the 
truth coniainpd in the Atoneraent- We may. however, know 
for a certainty eome falsehood that cannot bo contained in it — 
Buch» for instance, aa the horrible idea that God'e wrath was turned 
away by the blood of an inaot^ant being. Aa the Father and the 




lUINTm HOGG 



Son «rv* onn it M fwrfMtJy manifeet thkt ono cuuiat hftte i» whOrt 
Iha oUiPT lovQA tu, and inorpovcir. a« CTiriat ia thg manifestoUoti 
of tiiD FkUipf. Hr> mtial in lib floAFh Ih< i\i& TDaiiifp^Larion of Uu^ 
l^UlW't bovn. ftnd KU>t th# ftTCTl«r of Uie Fatlwr'a wraUi. At 
tfl# avDff lisw thaw aiv tort* n Ui« Bible vhiuh f&YQur the idea 
of tk* ofhring cif An aion— itit. suaU mm might be brought Co our 
mmda Ipt ■ jud9» folBf horn lii» ant And bsftrtns hie put in th* 
tffaoiiad^ Cttlt. Ni> nMA vrw ham. or ewr wilt iMliDim ftU th»i 
ta lOMiil tw^v. 1^ Sctttlkh miDiMv, John C^mptaril, tried ta 
do vo. but got uito en ikwful hmm oir«r !«» bang nysCbOftl vlier* be 
ttn^^ to W plftiru and foggf wttere be vndoftTottrd tu be t^Lemt* 
Ttw tiltftt'fUvhndkta h^Te gone to the o«h«r miOvatB, and b«w 
buMM tbwn— l^ni lit th« wat«hip of a hcaUkcv Uolocb accepcuig 
«> mnbk blood for ao nuvb aiix fcwn aoacUy tbe aarae faiUt of 
■ w diaTO fta g toa rt wi l y to dite* vb^ hinnaa faMllaet 
do woco Umm dMf aawirnlnail JimI mUt'm «bdlr 
1^k4r tvMto «Bd MfWa tba htm^ «^ povv ol 



«9 Ifaa Um af Oed*a W^ m 



O^tacy M 



Ud 



laift 



yag*d W W par^teir <f tba iJ 
atavrS^T G«dliabl»laA> 
aaB da IL birt ttew to ■« ksMB I 



r, WbaOodor 



jiMdw 






«^ 



*af 




LETTERS 



315 



To a Mciribtr wh^ had recently tosl his TTi/ft. 

Mt I>BA£ 

-' I waa indeed sorry to receive your iMt^r, not only on oocDDnt 
of Iho b&d news contsertiing youTeelf which it contained, but ako 
U> Me the eHuct wliicli the troubb liad had uptJii juu. I luiow it 
IS very easy lor tho«e who ara not th^tnaeli'ee in the d&rk v&lley to 
proBoh coreol»tion to thoBQ who are, bub no man arrivce at my 
lime of life without knowiiig Homething of the sorrow wixiiih ifl now 
n&Liaing you euch deiap pAin. Yau muat not look at thiH lEiAttor 
attogethor from ono aids, thero'fi a dear boy, nor must you Judge of 
it HO though your preoeat Immediato Jiappinoia were tJje »ole ond 
ftnd objent of thifi life. Cannot yoo traat One AVhose nature and 
uama is Love, and Who is infinitely wiae aa weU aa infinitely gentle, 
to deal as Is really best both witli you and with your wife T The 
life you have lo&t' i^igbt of ia not ended, but H^ nito doetb all thin^ 
well haa Been that it will develop more Buroiy and more tnily under 
th& di^erent aurToLUidinKa of another worldn To a tixitj heart dsabh 
ia infinite gain, ho much so that Paul could say that Christ ha^l 
' abeliehed death* and the Lord HjineelJ t^omjng back from the 
tcravo waa able to tell His diaciploa that there was perfect peace 
beyond the tomb for euch as knew and loved God. You complnin 
that othen who have led far worse lii'ee than you have are not 
tried 00 you have been, but aftor all, my boy, what harvest have 
yon sought, if you have been working from a tme motive I If 
you sow spiritual aeed you mu£t not eicpect an earthly harveet ; a 
worldling livca to the floah and ofteo enough gcle hia reward, but 
tliGHe who look higher and deeper than the setisfflctian of the 
moment look lor a harveet inRnit^ly richer in the ultimate purity 
of themaelvcs and of thoao they love. It may be that a double 
good may ari^e from your wife'it journey houit — that la to aay, 
not only will it turn to her gain, but the knowledge that you have 
one who lovea you so truly in God'a presence, and yet ever near 
you IQ hpkit thougli luifictm, may be a frc^h inccntrive to your own 
heart aa you think of bar now ncsrer to you than ever, and helping 
you ae a miniatering spirit to walk aa an heir of salvation. Qood-byCr 
dear boy. Believe me, the rt^l bittcrnc^ of thin blow in daya to 
come will lie not in the tempor-ary Keparation, but in the rf^beUiooa 
Bpirit whiofa distmets God'e love and would put ita own FooUaU 
* I will ' in place of the divinely taught prayer, ' not My will, but 
Thine be done.' ... I thought I aaw your name down on tlje 
Holly UiU liflt. If not, it would do you good to have change 
of air and acene after your trouble, though I know from csiperienoo 
how aometiinee one in half inclined to grow djpgii^ted at all Llm Ttsb 
of the world being so bright and bappy and apparently caring ao 
littLe ior our own particular sorrow*" 



xin 

COMMERCIAL ACTIVITY 

Our Aotfl our angels am, or good or ill, 
Oiu fatal ihwiaws that w^Lc by ua atilL 




IT WBB fortunate for Qiiintin Hogg that the cllrnAte of Dcme- 
rara ^reed witL him ao well, as it enabled him tu ctimbiue 
& certAin amomit of bu«jiie«a with th& fzreqiient trips lie wna 
obliged to make for his hcnlth. He wtis as Uuirough in btjamtfla 
matters &e he was in everything else ho undertook, a« "go- 
ahead/' enterj^riAiiig, and ae ready to 8[>end himself in thoughl 
and work. Probably no one in Londcii. with the exception of 
Sir Nevile Lubbock, knew more about auguj llian did Uio senior 
partner of MeB^re. Hogg, Cwrli*^, Campball ft Co. Of coiirao 
the manufactnre of sugar waa absoiut^ly revolutioni^^ during 
the period he woa connects with it, conspqnently new ideas 
were alwayn being moot^, and freflh invertions brought out. 

When Mr. McGflrel first gave hia young brother-in-law a pUee 
in hifl firm, the West Indian augar industry ctinsisf^ of a number 
of small plantations more or less badJy equipped and ©ipenwively 
managed, where the proi^ess of making sngar eonaiated in crushing 
the cane in mills, and boiling the jtiice ui open kettles, a proceaa 
most expensive both in labour and in fuel ; after wltich it was 
oanied in pailfule on negroes' heads to other pans, where it was 
left to eool and crystallize. Qtiintin Hogg quickly reabzed that 
amalgamation and modem applianoes were requisite if the 
indoatTy was to hold its own. and tharefore bought up many of 
the smaller eetatea and centralized the foctones, erecting them 
onContinental lines, and introducing every kindof new machinery, 
to that the process became more and more complez. Instead 
of being onuhed only once^ as woe formerly the caae, the cane is 
now oft^iL Bubject«d Co three squeezings, the chips being wetted 



»» 



QUINTIN HOGG 



after tho B«<(>oQd cnuliiQg (tcchskallj tcnned maovntiODlk 
tlie moullAnt jiaice ia clju^cd and thk-k^iod in tacto hf i 
proom IciKKVQ M tripk effect. BJid conveyed to t^BCUum puw, 
aeoJed T«vds m vkich it boils at « far Iowtt tcmpcratof^ tbui 
irftft ponible ia the old «^pen p&na ; it emerges a solid bUck mui 
GftUed "nuooecuito'' &nd is takeo into a v«83el (ceotrifa^t 
vrhich drawa ofT tfie liquid matter or nuAaaat^, leartiig only tho 
cryattdlizipd Hugax. 

Such very raa;;hly is tlie method pmicipaJly Followed m 
Demenra oawadays. Another Bystem, tnown aa *' diffiudon,*' ' 
had answered so well in the mBiiafactare of beet sugar, tliat 
Quintifi FTogg wondered whether [( might not with advaiit«^ 
be applied to cace. A primitive plant eibted at Aska.in India. 
which he w^it to inveatigate* and «o satisfied waa be that he 
introduced it into Demerara ; hut though it succeeded in extract- 
ing rather more HUgar, it involved using an increased amount of 
fuel. Now whf!n it wea fir^t introduced to the Colony (by Mr. 
Hogg m \Hfi7) not only was the cru^iing process far leas cfTectual 
than it afi^rwarda became (largely nwing to hia exertiona). but 
fuel wa* fairly cheap and BUgur dear, therefore the extra outlay 
was justi^ed ; but aa the price of coal rose, and that of sugar 
declinttd, whilst the improved furnaces and the using of tJie 
exhausted C4ine nhipa cr " megass '* made mafteratbn iwfwible 
vritlioub the uae of coal, the process had to be abandoned. In 
old dayfl it took a ton of coal to make a ton of sugar, nowaday 
on the milling estates coal ia not used at all, me^aaa hai 
miated it altogether. Ta all such economies Quintin Hogg took 
the docpeflt inter^ftt. He would enter the fumacasfnotalighE!) 
to vatcb the full uf the chips and was always experiment ing 
with new methoda of venUlating, feeding, and otherwise improv* 
ing them- 

Another Idea he introduced into Bemerara waa 
manuring," or growing aome leguminonae, auch as peas, beuu,' 
eto,, on the land, cutting the crop and ploughing it into the soQ. 
which was thus largely and cheaply enriched with nitrogen. 
' Tl* owushMd. and ths pieou HWkatl rpMiy tiirm. 



A 



COMMERCIAL ACTIVITY 



SSI 



i[s procesH had long been comrnon in European agriculture, 
\ms\d Mr, Hogg'fl adoption of iL w^ih due to his ohserv&tioriH of 
iba good resullH in MAiirttiua, whei? it wan iLned on cane-growing 
A aorious attempt was aJsu mode to abolL^h hfuid 
intn^, the dii^ciilty cf cpen drafniige hviug ooni^uerable, as he 
"^liopod, by tile drains ; large steam plnugln ivere rnifHtri^Hl, but 
the Billing of the tiles and the obstinate local opposition sEicceeded 
-in abotialiing steam tillage, though to-day i1 is being reintredured 
ikfid suooaasTiilly worked, a curious oummentary on his early 
,work. 

A similar inoident vas bis importation of the l^nt vaouum 
'pan into Demerara, whieh bis manager threw into a canal 
because ^* it couldn't make sugar. *^ 

He was an advocate of the fanning system, i,B- that the 
of the land should miltivate the c^ane and AeU it to the 
iTifacturera, instead of the latter being their own agriculturists. 
He thought it would induce the coohes to cultivato their lots. 
It waa subsequently introduced into Trinidad by the Colonial 
CompLxny at Sir Nevile Lubbock's instigation, and praotically 
■Bved the Bugar industry in that island. 

He was responsible for the introduction of the ^^coffy" Btill 
in the rum diutiilenea which are a natur.U adjunct of a sugar 
estate, the rum being made from the molasses, and often looked 
«poa ae dear profit. This etill produced a much purer spirit 
than the old ** goose-neck " still. 

At one time he was attacked with eome vinilence in one or 
two of the smaller papers for aliefjed inoonaistenoy in being the 
President of an avowedly Chriatian Institute, whilst his inoome^ 
at any rate partially, was derived from the distilling of rum. 
Ae this point of view appcnred likely to gain some mc^aeure of 
support in the Polytechnic, and he therefore feared it might 
serve to undi?rmine bis influence in tho place, and rcrdfir poaaible 
a certain resentment or hostility on the part of a scctiou of the 
mombcrflr ho refused to take any part of such of the firm's 
profits as were derived from the manufacture of mm. The 
attacks of the newspapers he ignored, but on fiitdin^ that some 



323 



QUDTTIX HOGO 



of the oaemberB were mtlitrr perturbed ftboutp the aceuH&tioiu 
made ag&iiuib him &ad their foundatieHi of fact, be priiited the 
foUowing exploDAtion in the Magatin/t. 

" W« have had eo much diacossion fof and aghast t^etotatisin in 
our coluzDTts during tbe pact few monthn tiiat I wbib sovneiThal 
amused to find the w«r carried on in olher qQarT*<TC, and mjaelf 
the snbject of a v«ry hostile article in a recent wi^kty paper- I 
do tiot believe in dabbling in pApor warf&r^ aad ^Idom core to make 
any aoBWis. howevg foolish the acciiAatiuns may bt* ; and T ehinild 
hftve adopted tha tArce poLcy of ailence on this occesioD bad it tiof 
bf>en for tho number of letters wliich 1 received from various pirmbcfs 
Bilking me il ib went true Uutt I was largely t^i^g^d in the npirit 
traffic afid the importation oi nun. Th& number of theae fetten 
MKui to show me that a not inconaiderable interoot m0 arcoaed 
amoogxt our own fellows qq Uie aubiect. and aa I do not wish that 
there ahould be any tniBconoeption in such matt«rH, I may as well 
briefly et&lo the facta of the c&ac. In the tirat plece» I auppoee 
cvofy ono knows that rum ts almort a nec^^eaery outcome of the 
niADufActure of aug&r ; the amoont of spirit mndfi iA eom«what 
a meaeure of the imperfection of the pmoeee employed { for the 
better you are at making sugar U19 Uea formentable matter wiU 
b« left for the production of ftpirit. Simply as a matter therefore 
of profit. I alwaye disooureged eo f ar b« poenible the maaufacinre 
of rum. though perBonally I draw a vsry wide distinction betwwo 
the manufaeture of mch an article and ita sale retail. Aa Far aa 
my con»ieace goee, I should have no dji&nilby either in brewing 
beer or difitiUlng spirit, though I could not u»e my caqjttel in multi- 
f^ying temptationj) to induce people to drink that whieb to nvm^ 
becomofi a terrible euree. i should draw exactly the same distinc- 
tion between brewin>{ b«er and developing a pubLc-houae trade 
as I should between Rowing ophim and owning opium-smoking 
dend. Both of theio are useful medieioally — at \cast that is my 
opinion i but both of tljein wIicld tokvn twkli:«sl> and unnec«afiatily 
are capable of producing immense harm. Th» poBsihiht}- of my 
flbCtion in tunung mto rum aueh httle refuse a^ eould not be made 
into f^ugar being mlsuDderBtood never occurred to me till the 
InstiLutt] muvT^ into the Polytechnic, when it cvme to my know- 
ledge that a eertain number of people thought it ineonstBtent and 
improper. Although, therefore, my own opinion on the eubjoct 
WBB and iH entirely nrrhangwl, yet to avnid doing that which might 
b4 a stumbling' block in the way of olh«ra» or might by any poni- 
biUty hinder my usefulnees in the religious work in t}ie tnstitni*^ 
I told my htm that 1 woulil not take auy share of tlie ^^rofltA ariaiog 
from the importation of mm : and I eent out dir(<cliona to tlie 
manager of the only estate wholly owned by myself to m^ke socfa 



iWTAng^ni&ntfl as wpts n^eesory lo do away ^Th the mabufACtxire 
|of rum. Of course tbia involved a vary connidcrabla prcuiiiAry 
Tiflce oiaountLug t-o some ttiousandB uf poorida every yettr, as 
[Bry one who hu had anything to do with manofaoturirg well 
(fciowB that it ia gpuerally the proper utiliwtlion of waste Bubatencw 
LWiicb yjelda llio beat proiita. I (utopled the ['uuthu I did wit!i Borne 
jlif^tAtion. I felt I was in some Tneoaure [rripplrog my ovn power 
["for us^fulneea, but my d^ire to stand cloOkT lit the ^if:ht of all meti 
rom doing anything which might hinder tlie Lord's work Itid me 
[to dfloida an abovp- I thaM not write pTplanHTiona to other pnpers ; 
fthoBQ who staud ijiBuch cloee relationship with mo as d^tlio aiombf^re 
of tJio Instrltuto have the right of frlenda to know ihe truth, and 
[there ia no saorifice 1 would not rnakfi rather than nay or do anything 
jvhich would bo a hindrance to thoee 1 lovo so dearly/^ 

Quintin Hogg was the first Went Indian merchant to try the 
|fa:periment at making paper from the megasH by the Ec^kmann 
[fiiebhad on a commercial scale. He was very keenly interested 
thia^ and much db;appointed by its failure in Demerara, 
■owing principally to the enormoua cost of fuel ■ tliougb he always 
[declared it waa due to the scepticism of bis majiagers^ who 
■ •'didn't want it to succeed." Early in 1901 bo conducted 
I Aim liar experiments in Louisifkoa which proved eminently 
jinjcces^ul. Many of hia Bchemes, especially in early days, 

fre frustrated by the local oppoaiticm he met with, and idsc 
by the absence of BcientilJoally t^tiIlc^d men ; the overeecr? were 
knot then, on the whole, men of much educcition or standing, 

atat© ol affairs ho did ajl he could to remedy by improving the 
Oonditiona of their livee, re-buiJding their quarters, adding read- 
ling and recreation rooms, and increasing their fialariaa, an 
[esample BOon followed by other proprietors in the Colony. 

Amongst other now processes ho introduced^ soir.e of which 
|itre in general nee in the West Indian sugar industry to-day, 
[were — super-heating, carbonitation, mechanicol filtration, 
^brown-coaJ filtration, osmosis of the molas&es to eitraot the 
[wits, the Rillieux process of multiple evaporation,— indeed 
dy every invention that contributed to the cheapening or 

jttering of the manufjikcture of su^ar obtained a fair trial in 
[British Guiana through bis enterprise and bold cipcrunentfi. 

These matters are briefly mentioiiod because Mr Hogg wh 



321 



QUINTIN HOGG 



a ytrj prominent figure in the tngar world, and took a deep 
nit<^rest in everything tliat affeclf^ the induatry. It can be 
imaged what scope for new inventions, obemic&l proocaaee, 
and mecbanicol contriTADcea all these innovations gave, uid 
every inventor of sugar machinery would take his tdeoa to 
** Mr, Hogg/' wboM mental activity and vivid unagination 
enabled him to grasp with wonderful rapidity any Large ideaa 
or echemes. He woold take eodlcas trouble in working Uiem 
out, but wa0 apt to be carried away by his enthuaiaam if they 
appeared feasible and bo ignore the poaeible ftnaneial comptica- 
tbn3. He was a dilHeult man to approach in bunineea life^ 
When one con&idera the etupcindous amount of work be oom- 
preaaod into bis days, it is easy to comprehend tliat be eould not 
afford to waste time unnece*4sarily. ** Time ia money" says 
Ihn proverb, but to him of wham we are speuking it meont 
Bnraething even tnore precious — opportunity. The qiiickex he 
enuld finit^b hiA buniaess day, the longer he bad to devot« to (lie 
work that was faia life, the sooner he could retnm to lake up hie 
self-imposed burdens. Tlierefore in the City he wafi efiaentially 
a man of the City, and stripped of the attributes that made htm 
so entirely approaohable to the membeiB of the Institute, or 
rather with those attrib^itei hidden under the mask of a man of 
business, to those who did not know him well and who saw 
only the quick, someivhat impatient manner, the nccompro- 
miidng frankness with which be exposed the weak points of th«r 
arguments or ruthlessly destroyed the plauaibility of their 
propositione, and who were unaware of the qualities that existed 
underneath these superficialities of manner, ha appeared a 
peculiariy inapproachable person. Many men with their schemes 
cut and dried to Uy before him, when Uiey were ushered into 
the private room, almost forgot what the^ had oome about^ 
The formula was generally the same : " Well, sir, what do you 
want T " Then Mr. Hogg's mouth wouJd close like a aprin^ 
trap, and the unfortunate lisifot was expected to pour out taii 
whole case. When he ceased speaking, hi^ interlocutor would 
wut 9cme moments before replying bo ae to be sure that the 



COmrERCUL ACTIVITY 



rocitAl waa really c^ded, o/id tliun a siIpuc^ ensued whidk to &ny 
stranger woh most tr>'iiig. At Ictigth Mr Hogj^ would give hin 
opinion of the rnattur, or H the busiuesa fitrutk him aa briii^ 
voith more curefu] consideration, would tell the mui to call 
again in a few du^^a wiioii he h&d had time to think it over. 

He had a considi^rahle apit-e of the giininbler'a spirit, in }iini, 
and when hia interest 'vaa aroused was very apt to be unduly 
optimistic. Ofice he had set bis heart cm ohtalning a certain 
refiult or OQ earrying out any project^ ho would shut his eyea 
to the rifllvs involved or accept them witli reekleaa inscmcuincp , 
seeing only the brightneae of aucc^aa and refuaing to contemplate 
the po&°ible darkneas oE failiire which more cautious eyes dis- 
cerned aa being alao indicated on the horizon. Eeferenoe has 
been made to tiie coropl&xiti«6 of charaoter that make bim so 
dtffiuult a man to portray, that in ILfe conlinaally aurpriaed 
even those who knew him best, and titat should be borne in 
mind in considering every aspect of his career, ninoe the curious 
way in which qualities often the very antithesis of each other 
were combined in him nnd showed their impresa in bowilderin^ 
amalgamation on his actionfl, is the only clue that can lead one 
to A TTj^htful comprehenaion of hia nature* When for ioatanoe, 
one oonaiders how largely hla euccesa in his philantliropie work 
wafi due to hin untiring attention to detail and careful eonsidera- 
tion of minutiae, it is aurpriaing to iind that in financial mattera 
he was eardeaa almoat to a fault of that very detail so essential 
in a busincas aubjccl-cd to such aevere diaadvanlagce aa was the 
English sugar trade ; that whilat he would personally investigate 
every strap and wheel of machinery in the factories, study out 
carefully the aclcntilic prohlema involved In the manufacture of 
sugar, and experiment untiringly in the IntorLMt-s of economical 

production, he would often ignore completely the financial 
complications of his schemes, or be ao carried away by onthuaiaam 
And extreme optimism as to be beguiled into embarking on 
Tentures involving enormous risks. 
The property of Mesara, Hogg> Curtis, Campbell & Co, was 

iChiefiy situate in Demerara; tbelr connexion with Jamaica. 



QUINTIN HOGO 



Ojloa. ctc.> vooe from certain »Utee oi Ui«ae plac«a having 
bon^vrd frum tiie Gno, iduch vne eTcntQaDj obliged to fore- 
ctoae on dmu. 

1^ seaior pvta«r*s neito to tiw esUtcs iRve oot ftlva^rs 
ragcH^ looked for. Nothing fscaped iua keen ejo- Read; to 
■ckikovledge and tncourAge iadu^tiy uid &Wtoent he w>a 
equally quick U> delect and pimiah any whom he thou^t bad 
tailed in their duty tovanU the firm- Ria indomitable vQl 
and untiriDg peraeverajice often led him to undertake vock iLai 
proved Loo severe a trial to stronger but leas mTbmriartr' men 
than bimaelL In ajnte of he iU-b«attb, be had wonderful powera 
of endurance and nothing erer seemed to tire him- He thooghl 
nothing of a five or six hom* ride U^ore hroakFaat, the mattl 
beii^ quite a Mooodary ceM iri d er ation : and by way ^ curbing 
thH propensity be waa often given moles whnae cbaractera 
««re not without Uemish, 

An attoniey who was 901^ " ahack " c4 an estate with him 
00 000 oocftnoD told the manager that " Ur. Hc^ amid 
anytfatng.** He was therefore given the moit ricHMU mufe 
the pfoperty, bat on this partv^ular morning the Dolonoua mi^ 
wwt off as quietly as a lamb, whilst ihe attonwy's animal wnuld 
not stand to be mountod, and kept the old graitleman, who waa 
veiy Thenmatic, rf^^igiftg loond and round, muttering aolL 
imprecatioiu on roaoagen and mute^ in gmeraJ and the ^lect- 
mens present in particnlar, imtH at ta^it the manager had to dia- 
motmt and afiaiat him. mnob to the visitor's amnsemMt- Mattera 
were not greatly improved when the attorney bad at length 
soeceeded in establishing lumself 00 the mule's back, for the 
animal saw no object in going " aback " a1 ^1. and commi 
b> jib- His rider'a prevV«us iropreicatk)nft now turned to bland* 
isluiienta, but the mule was impervious to both threats and 
cajolings, and backed r«kntleasly throng a thic^ hedge into a 
vcvy dirty canal, bom whidi the attorney «<nefged oonsidermb^ 
the worse for the mkhap. and by no means over-pleased by Ur. 
Hogg*a bouty roara of Uogbler. This was the Ufft 
on which that psnicular aiiomey ever assayed la go ** ahaek.' 



COMMERCIAL ACTIVITY 



3^ 



but it wft* a long time tWore he heard the last of bui acrub&tic 
perform&Di e. 

In Deiiicrarft Mr. Hogg was always deeply interested in the 
various water achemcfl, and wonldtoke long woikfi '* aback ^* of the 
estates to see for himself tlie merite of the diiTerent auggcstioriB 
put forward for impounding the water thero for lue daring 
the Frequent di^ugfatti. On one of theae expeditions he and ft 
monomer hod been tramping through the saToanah awanip up 
to tbeli waists In water in the scontieet of attires, can^^ing most 
of their clotking on their heads, when they came to a data 
riuui-ing by the aide of the creek, and as the savannah was getting 
loo deep for them to wade in it wiLh comfort, Mr. Hogg suggested 
walking along this dam, which terminated at a large canals 
Having climbed up the bank, he had sat down to put on his 
boota when he heard a cow muoing ominously near, and on looking 
up be found that lie had chosen a seat between the cow and iier 
oolf. 8ince the animal seemed inclined to resent his presence, ha 
hurriedly collected his gannentii lu his anus and started running 
up the dora to pass the calf ; the latter, however, misunderstood 
his int«ntion!4 and gallo[)ed o3 too. a procession being thus 
fortued op the dam, consisting of the calf a good first, Mr. Hogg 
energetically sprinting for a place, and (he cow gaining on them 
botii. In spite of the human intruder's efforts to lighten himself 
by dropping his various garments one by one, and to increiue 
his pace, the cow coufinued to gain. Tlie end of the dam woa 
neoTj and he wondered what would occur when they all thre« 
reached it- He was not long in ausponse ; the eoJf rushed straight 
into the water, the cause of all the turmoil followed wJtli a 
header, and the cow seeing that her otfepring was heading bock 
gave up the chase and waited on dry land- After some time, 
Mr. Hogg VBQtiired to creep cautiousfy t>ack and oolleot the vori- 
ous portions of hia wardrobe, but he always said that he Derer 
remembered having had such a run in hi? life. 

Whenever lie notified his intention of visiting on eetate. the 
younger overseers^ knowing his predilection for eross- questioning 
them about their work, would hurriedly fortify themse-iree 



QUWTfN HOGG 



with informAtiofli c>oocemia^ every bni%A of Uhe mdustry . 
One poof yooog feiknr, bemg iletafled to aooo<up«iqr bin nMmd 
Ihe Cftctory, kunt by bcvt the bci^ of tbe ciitiiiagrv, stfokM 
of the fwginpfl, beating enrfaoe of tiie bofler, gnle are&A, and « 
boDdred and coe other dfttft. Bitter wna hJB dweppoantmciit nfceo 
the ioBpeetioa cune to «i end vithoat ila bATio^ afforded bim 
a mgto oppofttmity of di^daymg bis knowledge. Joat as tlwy 
were leeviDg tfa« butldm^ however, the fMutner asked *r**n"3r. 
" By the way, Mr. B , what is the lec^th cf the gaEMy kftdo^ 
fom this door to th^ laboratory ^ " Mr. B., entirdy nanphued 
by this uneTpecled deinaiMi eUunxocfed out tb^t he hada't a 
Dotkn. "WdL" ranarked hia erapiojer aft^nraids to the 
naOB^cr of the fwtate. " I must lay that man of yoors accma a 
benidioit; be bad no idea of the Icmctfa of thee gallery, 1 gnnMeJ 
it wilbiQ a fool/* Howerer, poof B*a perFCTcranoe wae doA 
witboat reward, for be aftcrwuda became ooe of the derenat 
and mo«t truM«d m«o in the finn's employ^ 

Btwraeaa over, Ifr- Hogg wT>aki fret^oeatjy iDvite macagen 
or oi eiatcu to dine and akxp with bim ; and oo aoch cocaawm 
there was an abseoce of aU reatraint, aod ererjrane na made to 
feel tharDB^hly at faooifi. 

He waa always willing to help liberally any Kheme for 
piomotioQ of the geswral wdl-betng of the oolooy-^ 
many gifts be made to Bntidi Ooiaoa, is the Nocpard] Pack, 
portion of the Botaak Ganieiis. He oidowrd the CocJie 
founded with the object of Qirifltianiamg thoHB bat 
wnn had no r eli gw n cl any kind, hii a i ^ u ment n iv 
CfaeM mirwiiTfir being that if one took people far away from tfacar 
and BOTToundinza, one ought to gire them a aabcthnte; 



Umm, 



1 EeUva 6qq ninaiM ol » rw\m^ rd lb* Mvfot aad To«a CpiumJ, 

'Hb Wonkip thm Hmjv . . . ■wiiwi lb» fbdcFwioe iMjhirinii— 

"Th^ tb« Mayn mad TDnCoacfldvn to oOa to QnkitiD 

Bm^, llwB tliMiks tar Um CtfiMn a«n* of knl oo Fluk Hinwa. i4 

hH MMMvd to thB«iay of OoavgitoWB. ior tbo porpcM of ion 

gmbha poA « gfdon ; oad to oonvoy to bin on bBhoifof Ut* c 

r feM ■nnnrTilI i «rf tlH BbsJ a^ jmiiiiiw I^hc win 



iwry^. 



'Svcooilod br Mf. 



actfi." 



Cwrkd 



COMMERCIAL ACTIVITY 

bat he alfo actively sseistod the aevenil lacieqaes Piistin^ on bJB 

Tarioua properties, lo the horror of aoine of tbc Anglitaii clf^rgy.* 

Hie explanation^ Kiven once in on oddrcsa, vzia &3 follows — 

"1 have TTi»Tiy t-houeanda of hfuthen wotkijig for me in DujTE'rara, 
and I hBV@ ofUa helped the Hindoo to build hi« heftlhon temple, 
or lh<^ Moliammedan to build hia moaquc. oofc bccnuflt^ I mjAolf 
ftm either Hindoo or MohammFdan, or. indtied, have any sympathy 
with either of th^ee faithH, but b»cauae I deemed it better, if I 
cDuld not convert thoae mea to ChmtiAoity* that they should 
wijrship Hom« god rather than none Ai all. The grcat^L loea a 
man can have^ is that he should have no amHe of accountability. 
It is a bottQT thin^ suroly ihnt iht* Hindoo should worship hia 
Ram, his fiiviv, hia Krishna, his Vialinu, however ft!eblo, howcvtc 
poor a fppfMenlative of the ime Cod these deitiee may he. than 
that he should vtorsliip Tionc at alL Any rt'lil(ioQ ta bctti^r than that 
whic'h Bays to you, ' Let ua eat and drink* for to-monow wo die/ '* 

Aflcr he had severed his connexion with the firm (in ISOS), 
he Btlil retained some interest fn sugar, through being Vico- 
Chairmanof the West Indian Committeie ; Chainnaii of tht; Anglo- 
Ceylon and General Estotea CoDipa^ny.a compauy which bci^idea 
its intereat in the Ceylon tea trade, had sugar catatea in Mauritius 
which benefited greatly by Mr. Hogg's experience in Demcrora ; 
and Chairman of the KcniJworCh Sugftr Estates, Ltd., afterwards 
amalgamated with a railway ccmpany, and formed into the 
United Railway and Trading Company, Ltd-, but which atiU 
retained his services &a Chairman. 

^ Hr HoL'ii; woa uiJortonato in cpOmiiig into coniUct with th« prejudicei 
of the rcaideat clergy on two or three ocposioTis. In 1€8T a now procc^ 
oi pugi^ maldag wan being tric<I an ono of hia plontAtiobd, which ronderod 
it irapcjiBibl? to cloea the entiro iaotwry at midnight en Saturday, tha 
reaiilt being; that bloclc smoke wfu Irequenlly Been iXBuLng frnm the (^hininey 
tm the peojila were going to churDli. fiotne of chn <-U*r|fy nvpafltulated 
with them&iLogpr iruio time to tLiue^ luid could not or would nol LmderHtond 
that idbhuuKh the chamoey mii^hb be erapkin^, uouo o£ tha hands were 
worked Bt^v«n days a week. One oE theoo gaatJopiDn happened to be in 
the train with Mt. Hogg ono Suiuiay. and noticing the ohimn^y in 
ffaffranle dtlictu. pointed to it. rcmarlcjng, " Mr Ho^, the Uible tolia ud, 
'uxda^B Rhnit thou lAbear,' et^;," '■ Yes, my friend," reT>1ied"Q. H./' '* but 
how miuiy of Uii can aay thiit ^ lui daya sholt thou foAcur J' " As this 
portieuliiL cUjrie wee not ^\on iu oveT-eK^rtiog hliiisi'lE, the point of the 
retort wa" talhor too plain to be aJtopeiher ocreeoblo to hijn. 

Another paroon fipoke to him on the eume eubji?et, quoting the cfeatioDi 
aod tbe Lord reeTm^ on the seventh day, "' Yea,'" wa« the cjujot aiuflwor, 
"hut do you think He woiild have dooa u it mm ivork- J^Ad imt baan 
«nipLeC«ii T " 



330 



QUINTtN HOGG 



He was for mftay ycfkiv Dir^icbOT &ad eubteqaentiy CluurmAa 
ijf Lhe Noiili BritiMh and Uerc^ntilc Insurance CoQipMiy ; 
Dtreutor of the San Paolo CuQce I^tates b South Amevx^ ^ 
of UiQ National Dum^oueiI Company ; of Uie LotidoQ and Paris 
Securities Gnrpo ration, Ltd. ; of the Baker Street and Waterioo 
Ruilwa3r ; and liad jimt j(»iiied the Boanl of ibe Great Nortbem 
Piccadilly and Brompton Road Railway, part of a^atem oF linen 
cofilrolled by the TTndBrground Klectric Railways of London. Ltd- 
In fact the annonnceinent of bifl appointment to the latter 
Board appeajvd la the papera the a&me iDoming aa that oE Lis 
death. 

In 1SG4 he was predated with the Frc^om of the Worshipful 
Coinpanjr of Coach Makers ixnd Coach HameAs I^takcK. '^ in 
recognHion of the valuable aid he has generously given in pro- 
viding c1aa«eAfor thooe engaged in the Carriage Biiiklmg Industry 
in London,*' 

He took the greatest interest in all municipal tnattera, aa 
indeed he did In any subject brought to his notice, and aomehow 
or other be always managed to tind time to inform himse^ 
oonc^ming anything tliut aroused his internal. At one period 
of the time he aerred on the London County Council, he dis- 
played a great desire for knowledge in regard to the drainage 
of large oitiea ; be investigated the London ayntem with some 
thoroughncsa, and would return home from Kta fitrange (as ft 
rule, nocturnal) eipeditiona of underground reaearoh brimming 
orer with more or lesa unsavoury details oonceming eewore, 
noxtoufl gases, 6u3h t&nks and the like, which he wan always moBt 
anjEJoua to impart to his family, whose caotioua reluctance to 
embark on a similar course of study struck him as most lingular I 
When he wai elected a diref^tor of some of the eleetrio railways, 
he was equally eager to understand tboif construction and 
working princtpJos, and dressed in workman ^e clothes would 
descend into the bowda of the earth in a bucket to inveatigate 
and be instructed. 

His connciion with the J^'orth British Mercantfle Insurance 
Compariy naturally brouglil him into contact with all sorta of 



^^M 



COMMERCIAL ACTIVITY 



331 



aabjecta, for the ioterestQ of a gre&t msurajice company are ao 
manifold, the ramifiuations of iba baainega ao far-rcachia^ and 
Doniplicated that there is practicallj no limit to the radius of 
ita affairs or the ajJiere of ita activity, either directly or indirccUy- 
Tliis to a man like Quintin Hogg made the work of thoae 
responsible for it*t wf:lfare peculiarly attractive- After he becarno 
chairroan of the company he devoted the majority of Lia City 
houra to work at its officeti, and tlirew himself into ita interebta 
with the devotion and keen concentration of bueineas faculties 
many meo reserve only far their own eicliiBive concerns. Such 
an active commercial life is little short of marvelload wlien one 
conBidora tlie magnitndE^ of his philanthropic work and his 
constant ill-health, for he was never otiterwitte tlmji a working 
dire<;tor. The following appreciation penned by Xhne of his 
colleagues in the City, to whom I am grE^tly indebted for per- 
mk'jion to publish it, and which speaks of his business life and 
capabilitira, will, however, carry far more weight than any 
words of mine. 

Tli(f time, the substance, and the labour cheerfijUj dsvotod 
lo his philanthropic work were such as few men would be able to 
give to any antorprise, evan jf oJl their energies were 9^eiided on 
it to the oxdutiiQn oi every other putsulL But> coiici^rently 
with hU great philanthropie achievpm^nt, Mr. Qointln Hogg was 
efigaged in large commercial undertakings, to whoee adnunifltratioii 
he devoted hiiTinelf with the whole-hearth vhoraughneas whicli 
liliHractBri*iP(J evf<ry department of his wnrk- Ha wbh Chaimian 
of tho General Court oE Directors of one of tha i^eat Insurance 
CompanicH, with branchee or agenciea in every quarter of the gJobe, 
and he tciok rIho a prominent part in the direclion of other important 
companies. For many years it was our privilege to be intimately 
aadociat«d with him in thia and other wckya, and wo foimd in hJoi 
a coUeogue whose frieadsliip and regard formed one of the brighicHt 
featijr«« of our coimeidOD with the City. Tiia wEta on^ of thoae loyHl 
friendshipB that are commoneT in the buBincee world th&n thoao 
outside of it imaginH^ and chat constitute one of its chief atLractiun.q 
It is of hifl life in this aapect, of tiie impreBaion whieh lie made upon 
OB, and of the aFFcctioaate regard in whic^h wo eliah ever cherish hia 
memory, that we now desiro to record a few word:^ of appreciation. 

We Bcek only to portray, without embel^inlmicnt, thi* man aa 
we know liim ae an nsaociatc in the conduct of bueincw afTaira from 
day to day^ and aa a pergonal and intimato &iecd. 



VT!N HOCG 



Mt. QuiiLlia Hogg posiu^BBwl tha two qualLfipatitinB that oTo 
lial if a man ia to conunand suircess and mspc^:! in coiLUjiercioJ Ufa t 
chariwluT Anfi aiJminiatrat.ive capacity, irnostenfftlious, modeHt 
and ainccTO, Jiia clL&roct^T raveal«id iUi>lf in many nayii, but it was ao 
uncnriBcioua rovdlation- Ho conoontratcd Lis rajad on the subject 
UTiJer []id<:u»riiuii wich t\w HJngle purjiusti of arrivitif: at. l]it> right 
const UH ion » a.nd never eougiit to imprefla Iob iridiWdusJlty on othera, 
or to obtain poraoaaJ recognitioii or Bdvertiaement. He iFoidd 
apsak of hi? wnrki hrit nf^vT*r nf his M^^iinVF^rnvnl^ : cf n'STilt.s ohtHined., 
but never of hia bIiotq in their attainment. It naa a r«£n?«hing 
controat with rauoh with which one ia £an:uluur, whethcf In hvjtinotmt 
politico, OF society. Many inen, Icodera of affairs, talk freely oi 
what they have aJ^compliahGd. Th«y are juatly proud of being 
numbered in the roTl of thooe who have done something noteworthy. 
Othem again KpMik di*precatln^]y of their oPfort^. reminding ond^ 
at timoe. ]\i»t a little of that oth^r form of pride that apes humility. 
Hut Mr. Qui Tit in Ho^, who had d'>no axi r-ndunn;;; work euoh aa it 
falla to the lot of fe* men to accomplbh, did neither of thise things. 
He neither aorortual^d ncr mmimiapd hia achiflvemfinta. He simply 
did his part wilh a UiorouglmiBa wijioh was boyond pnuao, and said 
nothing about It. 

But, lit Bpitfl of hifl modify and resprv^, }ie wns A man who oom- 
mandodt pcrhapa bifc&uao ho did not se*k it — the reepeot 4Uid con- 
QJenc« and regard oC those with wljoin he <:om« iii CDOtsct, Uks 
many gr^At men, liia mlea of Ufe and ronduct wgto nimp]& and 
direct. " Trath ia oJwaya bettor than falsehood," so be wrote to 
ono of Ids old *' Poly." boys* es hi^ iifTtscticnatcJy call^ them, in 
the last leiTter which he ^ver wrote. Anil these word* fnlJ.efi truiama 
often are, of priniiiive force, might well havo constituted his own 
motto* For the man wha always geaimio and Aincere in liis atlitud? 
to life, and to flfTaire, and to otli^r men. Thfire was no fake coin 
in his tawwury. There were no tortuouA bye-paths in liis intoQeotual 
oquipmoitt* Xn thought and speech and act he wof frank, direct, 
and foarleaSn biit witJiout any of tha bluntni^as and tACtLesan««a that 
ao of ton accompany those virtues. 

He was em ideal buainese oasociate. Beini^free from theegotisin 
that flo often forms part of a etrong perwirinhty, he did not naad 
to be humoured. He could always be approached without irritating 
formaUtiepfti and with a plain strn! eh t forward Gtatcmcnt of the 
matter in hand. His rohoat. mtelligimce wbf quick to graBp tho 
cncniiaU of a buninpafi quj^tion cr polioy^ and prompt to givA ^ 
deciaion* He never agreed to any course without underatandinga 
and he woa too hnneat and couraguuua to sitnijlate an understanding 
that WAS not roal- 

&(r. Qviintin Hogj^'s fiharactcr and poaition in tlie corunercial 
world, his vK^H^rt knowledge oi ii-rUin induHtriv^. arul the ood- 
fidenoe which hia presence aJways inspired, led to bis being invited 



COMMERCIAL ACTIVITY 



333 



bo join ihi.-- Boards of many impoHAnt compani<?a. But bv llttV MW 
to Boctijjt tiiEut- iii^imtiutiH unlEtu fuJty twlifLf^td tliat lie Dould be 
of flome flpeci&l Bervit^a, He was, ui every coue, a vorltmg director, 
with a hi^ acTiao of rcsponsibQity to his shareholder. Ho wculd 
never, wiihoat iiiquiry. decline ft new proposal wliicli m^ht benefit 
ths comp&ny he dir^oted mra^ly becrauBe its inveHlTgai<ion and 
ooDsidcration involvod timo and thought and troubles. Theeo ho 
never upored, and it \vaa remiirkabLe huw he found aul!QcicDt time 
to keep on famLliar t^rnxB with Yu» niacy and vari^ intonvTd wiUinut 
neglei^ticg any daby, citM^pt* pcrhapa, ids duty to liifni^lf. It was 
only by ce&heltNM industry, and the poBsefcaion of working puwern 
far abova the average, that he wns ablp tfl aficomplteh it. Ha gave 
himflolf but little mental or phj^ical real. 

Mr, Quintin Hogg's judgmtint of nxn and thinge wad Aingiflarly 
shrewd, and hts opinion was oflon aonght by other men of buninewi 
on qnoationa of importance, eepecisdiy m tboee Belds of oommeroe 
on which he waa a recogoiied autliority. He knew aod underntood 
oammarcial conditiona from both PTidn. On the Targiv movementa 
of cortain induatrii^fl be was a veritable onc^yotopoDdia of informaticn. 
He was alec faiudiar Kith the coudiiiona of many of the retail 
Londrjn tradea owing to the charaderistio way in which be actwl 
aa friendly counsellor or adviecr to Tritmy past rocmbora of thi^ 
Fulyteclmic, engaged in various calilngH. in whose Blrug^lcp and 
proBpecta and dif1iml1r«4i and aucoeescfi he T\<^vpt nwaed to take a 
liveJy and practieal intfTOBt. 

Mr. QuiritLii Hog^ waa an adinitable chairman of a buRJiLC^e 
meeting- Clear and coneiiie, with no waate of worda, but ^hh a 
giit of BBying things cogently and convincingiy, he always knew 
hu aubject and made hid hFortfrs know it too. He posuasaed tbe 
Faculty of rapidly marahalling facts and figijrm in bis own mind 
in tholr logical eequonoo and true proportion, and was thus able 
to submit and explain the esaentiiLl featun-a of atjy commerciftl or 
Qnanoial sititration with singular liir-idity and rlearnese ; and he did 
It witli an innate dignity that would naver condescend to nlnr ovor 
m uniavDurable point, or pr««ent iL ia any aapect that lujghb bo 
nisleafling^ 

We were present, iome years ago. when, as ohairnian of a great 
and powerfid company, he had bo jnstify, at a meeting in Kdinburgh, 
a propo^ted important change in the method of dealing with the 
accoimts and profilfl from that wliich hod been in vogue from the 
now remote days of the inoorporation of the Companyn The 
change was rendered dcsirahTe by the ailered pontlir.inns of modern 
buflin^M, but it was viewed with atrong disfavour by certain of 
the older raemhera who, not unrmturally, clung to a ciiLitom with 
which they had been familiar for uiore than a generation. Tt noa 
faared that the nece&sary alT^^ration would cnty be autiioTiu>d after 
ft rcgrottablc division amongst the proprietors- But no carefully 





SM 



QUTNTIN HOGG 



and patiently did Mr. Qnintin Ho^ erplain tho re^florns whidi 
OAllcd foir thi» change. Anticipating ovory possible point of objectioa 
And dealing witJi it fairly and aquandy, not dogmatic^aJly^ but 
tacrtfully rind con>iidftrAtely witb convincing stBi.ifttica collei>i«d 
from praotical experience, that those who cojiw to opp<3ee wore 
forced to recognim the compelling stren^h of the case for the 
Changs. Grai-efuUy apprRciating the conairlf^rHlion whirh Mr. 
Qaintin Hogg had ahowa for tht^ir point of view, and the trouble 
which he had taken to place the facte clearly before them, they gavo 
him th^ir unanimous Hiippnrt, It was no light taek to convinoa 
a meeting of the moat conservative people on earth that the way 
with which they had long boon famOiar was no longer the beet way. 
The accompliahment of It was a atrlking teatimony to Mr. Quintia 
Hogg'« winning peraonality and gift of elear and oonviQClng 
roofloning. 

One HometiEDefl tracHt an i^lemtnit of narrowneHH in the foundim 
of A new movement, eepeciaHy if it be ct a religious or eemi-religioua 
character. Eni^^ ia often concentnilcd. and rnodc more effwtiva 
by being restricted to a narrow channel. But there waa nothing 
narmw about Air. Quintin Hogg. Hia big-mindednM« made him 
a favourite amongst men of the most divcT«e habita of thonghU 
flis views on all aubjecte were clean and aane and healthy. It 
was hia genius to have grafted on a rare and senEilive nature, 
inspired by lofty idoala, and capable of limilieaa eelf-aacrifico, the 
qualities of a practical man of afToira. Small wonder then that bis 
«Crong and lovable character appealed to all florte and conditiona 
oE meui drawing to itself the reepcct ard affection of head and 
heart alike* or thai those who, like tlie writers enjoyt*d the 
privilege of clooe and constant intenjonraa with liim. fe«l tliat 
by hifl death they have been deprived of a friend who occupicoj 
an unique place in thi^ir regard, and that Lbe City, where they 
mfwtly met, Beeme emptier now that ha Uatt paased Iram it for evor. 

August, 1U03. 

LETTEE8. 

To ikis eldest s'^n. 

I have been reading a book entitled Nota em the West Indies, 
by O. Pinckhnrd. publishpd in f^ndon in laOS. Tliia gentJenian 
aeoompanied Sir Ralph AbercrombJe'fi force to Denicrara, when it 
waa captured from the Dutch in 1790. He Hp<rnt over twdvo 
monl.hH in the colony, and gives some v«ry interesting figures aa 
to the oondititrn of affaire at that time. Slaves appckrcntly aold 
£60 to £70 apiece. Thfi greatest number belonged to a jnaa iiained 
BoodA. TliH hire of a negro was two guilders a day — I fancy their 
IpiUden were \9. Bd — if taken for eeverol woeks, or S50 or 300 
guildoTB for s yeor. There w<-re UO eatatca between Demerorft 
Hvver and the Aboiy Orsek, all in cotton, Haw one, which had 



LETTERS 



336 



I 



jurt bewi put into sugar. It required one prime c«frro for t/vtiy 
twu aL-rm of cuttun ; tlOU tc&en mve pUiiied to an acre, and eodi 
tree gave B cunee^ of coUon, Tha coffee eatai*^ and the fnw siig&r 
eetatce wcro moatly up tiio river. Sujcor required » negro to &n 
acre and gAve & retioni of 2tOtX) lb. to the scri?. sugar being locaity 
worth 4*. lb. There were 5G,t>0lJ elav«* in the colony, which 
incrensed to 80,000 in 1S06- During that poriod, moreover, a 
miinbisr of estates Iiad b4«n put into »ug:Ar, so much eo.ll;at the 
sugar of the colony in 1802 waa 2-J.OOO hhda. and 10,000,000 lis. 
of coffoo, I adviae you to took through the book ; thoto ie much 
o| it you can sitip. but it gives you, on the otJier hand,* leaa droadful 
idea n( the nlava trade than I pipect you havti At present. One 
thing I notice about the cultivation of coffee, ia the v«iy 
amali return per acr^ — ^if hla figure* are correct — 075 lbs. af coffoe 
wpre the ordinary production ircim an ftcre, whf.fefla in Malay, we 
got nearly 10 cwt< ; of course the roturn of sugar hoe doubled, 
by good drainage and better extraction) and witli the exception 
of the latter, th^ra is no reafion vrhy the same should not a£iply 
to <ioffee, vith the Bame reault. 



Writfm to Aw tlde^f broifar, Jamts, in lB80 ; h-\U ir^uri^ K«Tt on 
ocROPini of tht rejtrfinces to industrial conditioaii in Df-jnerara. 

"KANny, IgSf). 
**lt IB mOBt Btronge how universal the present, I wish I conld write 
the ' late/ commercial deprcesion baa been, Matt«r» here are 
quite aa dull aa they are at home or in the West IndiM, Everybody 
ia oomplainini; and eatatoe at the moment are nnfiatcable, I am 
a good deal disappointed altogublier with Ceylou- The soil is poor 
and the plaiie is altogether more bcolntard tliat T Huppofted. Some 
estatea have Enc climates, but the low lying onoa havD ail the heat 
of the Wofft Indies without the Hia ht&Guo whicli ia so enioyable 
there. On the wliols I would rath<T live in Demcmra than in 
Ceylon, and I would not give Golden Floece * for tlie beet estate in 
the bland. Cijiohoiia In all the go htre now, we liave literally millions 
of trees growing on our placefi, and forwt land at the proper eleva- 
tion ia aelling at £10 per acre for planting witJi quinme I , . . I 
ehall leave Oeylon without niuch re^zret ; I do not think it can be 
compared with the West Indies, and if only we had their laboor 
advnntflgea we would aoon run them olT the line altogether. We 
could grow throe times pnr acre wliat they tarn out, Tlie Governor 
hero, who iiaed to bo in Trinidad and Dcmernrft, is of my opinion, 
and aighs for the VV^t ; he wJl aot rotum hero again alter hia 
holiday neat winter if ho can poBeiljIy avoid it, Aa regard* the 
young fellow about whom you wrolti m» atid wlio wishea to go to 
Demerara, I will aee wliat I can do (or hina soma month* hence, 

' One of Mr, Hogg's eatatca w Briliah Quium. 



316 QTHNTINHOGQ 

but for tbtt inMfit ho Ittd bettor not mek. hii f ortnno fai WmA pM% 
d tbtt worid. flngir v so hHidia»pped by tiw bomity qrvtooi tlMt 
j*u|alrtm wn All pnlliiig in Umot homa and radndog mUmt Umb 
•xtanditw their «t^ Hid tfaa Oolcny k «> benhlir tlwi doiM CMMt 
T«V7 fnr Twvnnn. Wbtt I 0dI to the Ooloi^ I will ne it I ov 
find « phoe for hinL" 



XIV 

THE LAST FEW YEARS 

All we hkv« willed or hoped or dnvned of good whaB eah^ 
Not tta MDiblBXkce, but itutAL 

BBOwmMO. 



XJV 



TBI LAffT raw YEAB8 

TO return to the year 1689, During the autumn of vhat yi?ar 
Quintin Hogg'3 health had again giren rise to the gravest 
anxiety. Chriatmaa found him 8o weak and ill that for the 
first time ho was unable to write the epecial letter which ni- 
variably appeared in the PdtjtechnU Magazim aa a New Year's 
grcotitig to th^ membera. Early in January I8Q0, he underwent 
A aurgioal operation whioh waa periormed by Mr, Crippa. As 
soon as it was possible to move him, whiob was not until the end 
oE Fobrnary, a yacht of 5D1 tons called the Conqueror was 
chartered, and tho invalid was hurried away to more propitious 
climeap At first it really eoomed as though tho operation bad 
removed the cauBo of hia troubles, and be himseU waa very 
optimistic, aa the foUowing letter written to a frJesd from Santa 
Cruz shows — 

'* Ws Left London on the 22nd, and on Brniday morning were 
running down the Channol with on east wind behind ub and a 
f&irly caJiD sea. fio eooaet had we turned into the Bay however 
than the aap&ot of m[Ltt«re ohan^Ted for the woreo ! Tho wind 
frc«}icnr>d, and for a couple of daynwehad a very heavy sea epliuihing 
over the df^cks and rendering Quythiim* like cdinfortabli^ aUtin^ in 
Ih'i open air an imposBibiUty. Having a d«ck oabin 1 apncit thu 
whole of Monday in my bunk, and on Tu€«day did not vsnture 
further than bho deck-house immediately luljoining my cabin. 
On Wodn^«day we irere off the ooo^ o( Portngal, the Bun flhining 
beautifully, and I waa able to my great aatidfaction to lie in tba 
opon air. 1 felt very muah better, and bod quite a keeo appetito 
for food, and for the first time ventured on a littlo moat, taking 
more *' from the joint '^ than I have done on any single occasion 
during tho laob ten >-eaTB. I» fact, I am beginning to cut Uke any- 
body due I On Friday wo arrived at Mogador and I waa able Co 



340 



QUTNTIN HOQO 



walk about the town for half an hour, though I felt vtuy tired at 
the end af it. On Saturday vb« nmved at Arrecife, the c&pit&l of 
LanzarotOi one of thij Canary lalee, and Epont moet of the day there 
quietly^ Speaking generally, I have been eattraordinarity b«a<^SUyl 
by my trip an fiu-. I am, and havo beon for pight days, eating 
rooAt IJeo en ordinary mortalt though, of cours^f with c&ro. I «in 
taking much more food than 1 ordinarily did on lacd ; indeed, oo 
far it looks aa though the operation has oaade some rodir^l c-haJige 
in the condition of my illness. Of coutbo it is altogether too aoon 
to epook with oorteinty. I can only say that during the poet ten 
yoam T have never eaton a qimrtcr of the meat I now take daily 
without bringing on a violent reiap&o within thirty houiB. I h»ve 
been doing absolutely nutlii^ig, not even reiuling- I have k^^ very 
much in a horizontal position when not wAlking. and have spent 
the bulk of my time in a oontomplotive mood adoairing the cleva^ 
new of my digt»tivo organs I Of coutbo i believe I ehould be 
wreakfd at once wEro T to start brain woric again at present, but it 
really looks ae if given favourable conditiooa I were to bo able 
once more to lake my jiIao« among the carnivots and to oacapo hem 
my forced eclistment in the ranks of the v4?gEtnriaiia. To-morrow 
if it IB fine, I purpose driving ^th my wife to Orotava, which la 
the great plaoe for invalids here. You may imagine how much 
better I feel when I teU you that I am contemplating the drive 
of 51 hours without the emalLofit concern, and am looking forward 
to walking into tho lunclLeon-room at the half-nay liouae and trying 
ooDoItmions with Tenerife beef or mutton with a fair proepect of 
ni00Qi*l*' 

But this BQtiafActory condition of affaiN was short lived- On 
living the Canary Islands, th& yacht viail^ the West Indies 
and Demor&ra. After a fortnight*s stay in Goorgelown, ttte 
roBt of the pH'^t^ returned heme via the A£or» in May, teavmg 
the mvalid, whose progress towards recovery was not such aa to 
justify hia risking too early an arrival in England, iQ Demerara. 
He ventured back in July, but only to coUapae almoat immedj> 
ately. One day that autumn a man he scarc&iy knew called at 
hia office aod begged hjm to go and see a French doctor, who 
had €urod him of eimilar attacks. It aeemed a forlorn hope to 
one who had been under moat of the eminent phyaioiana in 
London, but he decided to go. He crossed to Paria that same 
nighty consulted Pr. Dupuis, who told him he must go abroad 
Kgain immedi&lely, dieted him atrictly, and gave him a pnaotip* 
tion. Simple aa the treatm^at was, it succeeded where oil 



THE LAST FEW YEARS 



341 



otbers had failed, and when even the patient hod b^ui to 
retinquiali hope. How despondent he felt abont himwlf the 
foUowing letbciT shows, written to & friend just before he left 
fingluid — ■ 

'• You B<w the engine cannot work if no fuel oan be got into the 
boiler, and thaL I fetu* ia my Bt&1« jiist now. Tlie i%ngine ileelf 
IB afi sound as ever^ bnt the boiler will not boil fiom^hov or Dthor, 
w\d I fear the only eJiimnoy that fvUJ croato draught enough to 
mnke tb do ltd work vrilL be Uiat of Iho cTom&ttjrium.*' 

He returned to England in the following June actually eating 
butcher's meat regularly, an achievement watohed by his family 
with the respectful awe proper to aome mitooulouH fe&t, and as 
such they might well regard it, coiiaid&ring that for twelve 
years he had had to flubsiet on the lightest of fooda, frequently 
even on a diet of slopa. Hie Engllsli doctors considered the 
credit to be due to the eventual effects of the operation, but Mr- 
Hogg attributed his cure entirely to Monsieur Dupuia' akill, 
and he frc*quen1ly spoke of his benefactor in terms of the 
warmest gratitude and admiration. He nerer again suffered 
from at all a sarin ua attack, and did any tlireatentng 
symptoms appear, he instantly reverted to M, Dupuis' pre- 
BcriptJon, which always warded olf ttio danger, and tlie morita 
of which he woa never tired of lauding. Shortly after his 
return he wrote to a siatei^ 

"It is & wondprful pliango !<] foel on™ mnre a little Hnergy in 
one*fl compoaition, a&d to bo able to flubatitute the bit for tbo Bpur> 
I don't knew how to ftoE thankful enough for the clian)^. I must 
do something an a little th&nk»i offering^ or T nhaLl burst I I got 
Bueh a touching letter yefltorday from a boy whom I don't know, 
bat who cemc on Sunday to my clasa : ' I do so long for a little 
T^lk witli you ; I li&ve tried to love God and to atrrve Him, and 
J think 1 do love Him, but. fail to aervu Uini. I feel as one held 
down, unable to rise above my suirouiidiEU^ ? Could I speak with 
yoii one evening this week 7 I have such a lun^in^ and furhing 
heart.' Waa tiie harvest ever «o plenteoua or the need oi labourers 
more felt." 

Mr. Hogg'H eldest son, Douglas, left Eton at Christmas, 1890, 
1 Hlb thankofforing IdoIc eliape in the Polylechnio Labour Butcwih 



sia 



QT7TNTTN TTOGQ 



&nd went out to join hia father in Demerara. 1o h» initi&t^ into 
the myHterieti of sugar m&kJng. On his return to Lotidon h« 
began to take an acttva part tn Polytechnic matters, which he 
haa continued to do ever since, giving up aU hia eveningB to it. 
The following year he accompanied Hr. MitcheU to Amarica 
to make arrange ments for the Polytechoio trips to the 
"Worid^s Pair*' in 1S93, hw firat eiprrienoe of organizing touTi, 
a branch of PolyteohnJc activity in which he lb now quite an 
expert, 

Qnmtln Hogg waa evidently one of those unlucky individuals 
destined never to be out of the wars for long \ Having at last 
roovered his healthy he proceeded to injure his limbs ia the most 
ingenious and painful ways. In 1^^ he bad a very nasty acci- 
dent in the Polytechnic swimming bath- He went in late one 
hot night after the gas liad beoa turned down low and the place 
locked up, took a header off one of the highest diving boards, 
hut misjudged the diatanoe in the dim light, and struck hia 
head violently on the tiled bottom of the bath, indicting a naaty 
cut and atunning himself. Fortunately Mr. Dougiaa Hogg hap- 
pened to enter the bath juat then, or he would inevitably have 
bean drowned- Aaitwaa^hLsson andthoboy whohadaccompaQiod 
the unconscious victim succeeded in getting him out of the 
water and back 1o bis bodroonip Next day he was unable to moi^ 
without assistance, and the doctors feared permanent injury to 
the spinOi MtSh Hogg bad ^onc down into the country to recruit 
after a eercre attack of influenza, and a family conclave was 
held to decide whether she was to be recalled or not. Jt was 
settled that, however seriously Mr. Hogg had injured his back, 
there waa no objeot in bringing hia wife home before she was 
well, since ahe eould do nothings ao a letter was oonoooted spying 
that he had knocked hia he&d in the bath and had got a severe 
headache, whkh, if it woe not the whole truth, wse at koet 
nothing but the truth. Great was Mrs. Hogg's wrath when, oo 
returning about a week inter, ahe found her husband still barely 
able to raise himself in bed without help, but her family sub- 
mitted to her reprooches with the exalted patience of coiucioua 



THE LAST FEW TEARS 



341! 



martyrs in a lighteoos oause. Six months aJter thie Qnintin 
Hogg feJ at Merton Hall danng a game *>f footbflll and broke 
a muscle in hia tJiigh; tbe pain wae excruciating, and it took a 
long time to mend- He waa laid up about bIx or seven weebs, 
though after & month he inaieted upon being put into splints 
and conveyed to tbe County Council Hall, to attend Bome 
important meeting there. After this, bia limbs had quite an 
uneventful exiatenee for two or three years. Then one night he 
slipped on the doorstep of hid house and fell, dislocating hi9 
olbow. He fainted with the p&in, and woe found lying un- 
conscious by a polioomaQf who took him to Middlesex Hospital 
This incident lent iteelf to miarepresentation too ob piously to 
esoapo being oanoatured by the ^nctim's family* he, how- 
ever, seldom failed to enjoy a }oke, even entirely at his owu 
expense ! 

The following year he wrenched his knee whilst playing lawn 
tennis in Muuntiua, an injury he never recUy recovered from. 
During the remaining four years of hia life it constantly troubled 
him, and entirely prevented hU taking violent exeroiae of any 
kind. This to him wae a real privation, for he had never 
dropped the habit of constant and rigorous phyaioal exercise, by 
which means ha retained hia activity till late in life. In Demorara 
he frequently invited the managora and ovcrAeore on his celate 
to dine> There ie a story that during one of these evenings the 
talk turned upon football and Ur. Uogg aUirmed that ho could 
always count on being able to kick six inches above his head. 
" In that case," remarked a Scotch manager present drily, ^' you 
could kick this chaudelier to pieces/* His host stood up, 
kicked up at the feetoon of glaHff. caught one of tbe pE^ndant glasa 
balls, and sent it hurling through the chandchcr, completely wreck- 
ing it. Then turning to his instigator be promised genially to 
send the bill in to him, '* since the damage had been wrought aolely 
for his gratification 1 ^' Hewaewellknownforhialoveof practical 
jokes, nothing delighted him mere than the euccesaful perpetra- 
tion of a hoax, and when he was in health, he was &e irrepressiblo 
as a sohool-boy, and it must be owned occasionally indulgrd 



SH 



QUTNTIN HOGG 



in rery sohoilbojiah bcprseplay. Thia mjury to Jiia kneo, 
though it did not iacommodc him in walking, wsa fro* 
quently painful, put a atop to his hicyclbg, aud prevented hti 
participating in the football aikd cricket in which be delighted^ 
eic«pl for an occaaicrnu.! mild game with the younger boja of;' 
the Day School, 

Early ill 1890 Quintio Hogg went to Rome with one of the 
PolytMhnic parties of about a hundred ; it wan, I believe, the only 
time he accompanied & Polytechnic trip so far alield, tljough hs 
vimted the SwiasohaleUmorefchanDnce. Soon after his rptum ha 
had a. Wiry bod attack of rheumatHin, but struggled up ui order 
to fullil an engagement at the Woolwich Polytechnic, which was 
juatthenpaaHing tbronyh the slough of deapond. and over the Fata 
cf whieh he whm greaUy perturbed. An attack of influenza did 
not help raattftTfl, and lor Bome time he waa very ill indeed. His 
wife and d&ugbters were whitering in Italy, and it was not until 
their return home that they knew how bad he had been. As 
ia often the t^aaa with irifiuenza, the after effectB proved almost 
worse than the aetnal illnEWH, Quintin Hogg's sensitive, nervoua 
nature rendered him peculiarly susceptible to the ertreniB 
depression of fipirit« and roental deflpondency which this diaeaw 
BO often leaves behind it. Not only the pre#>ent and future but 
even the past became sepia tinted, though he fonght against 
a frame of mind he knew to be due to bia illness, and which 
seemed "to be cninhiug the life out of " him with moh 
apparent success that the outaide world congratulated him 
conslAntly on hts rapid recovery of health and aptriU f In 
the autumn of this year he paid what proved to be tiie laat 
of hia many visits to Demerara. From there he wrote — 

"It ia funny that wlille I feel utterly uuAtrung everyone coO' 
gntulAtea me on looking so well, and that whereas I don't feel up 
to anythinfj and no gi> to the elob fv more than 1 have ever done 
before, people are Aaying all round that thsy bed no idea 1 wva 
nich good company I It makea me laugh m apite of myseU ! *' 

He did not succeed in realJy throwing off the effects thii 
Attack of inQuenia had on hia nerves and epirite for two or three 
yeani. 



THE LAST FEW YEARS 



M5 



Like moat people endowed with ea eiuberano© of high apiritB, 
he had to pay for that posBeseioo by occasional correapondiTigly 
lagubnoQS Gta of dcjoction, which, when aggraYatod by mental 
difitroaa or ill-health, were almost beyond hia power to shake 
o9, and under the iniluenoo of which he wouJd for daye be anient, 
taciturn* unreapon^ive to any attompte to arouse htm, hardy 
speaking unless directly addressed; then the mood suddenly 
passed, and he waa oitoe more hia usual buoyant self, full of life 
and humour. 

May 16h 1890, being the twenty-fifthanniversaryofhia wedding, 
there ware great festivitieH at tho Polyteohmc- This vaa one of 
the few occaaiona, if not the only one, on wbicli be submitted to 
any sort of piibliL^ appreciation of his labour. He had au intense 
dislike to anything approaching to publio parade, and wben he con- 
sented to apeak at a Sunday Scbool anmversary meeting arranged 
to arriveonly just in time to give his address, and to leave the 
moment he had done so, as he was afraid that if he were long in the 
room they might feel called upon to offer him a rote of tltanka. 
which he considered '' hollow and undesirable/* Wlien the lat« 
Duke of Westmiriflter went over the Woolwich Polytechnic, its 
originator abscondedr beoauH^, an he afterwards apologized to 
the secretary, he had "a gr^jLt ^brinlcing from showing place* 
like the Poly&vhnic to wealthy men nuch as the Duke ; I know 
they are thinking all the time one has some covert designs 
upon their porkets ! " He was in every respect the moat 
modest of men^ unconscious alike of his owu striking personality, 
and of the nobility of his life. ** I would that 1 could be of some 
use to my hoys," be wrote during hia long Ulnese, '* instead of 
the barren, dried up old scarecrow I am 1 " To all who knew the 
extent of his devotion to his work and the wide radius of his 
influence, the deaeriptlon is peculiarly inept E On this ocooflion, 
however^ he had oo choice but to acquiesce in the festivities 
arranged in his honour. The Polytechnic was wreathed in 
flowers and altogether decked out in holiday array for the cele- 
bration of the Silver Wedding. Mr. PatoTi, who had been a 
worker at the Polytechnic since its mception and a friend of ita 



34e 



QUISTTN HOGG 



President Dnd his wife for an even longer period, pre«ent«d them 
with &n iliuminatod oddivsa and a silver dcsaort oorvice froiD 
the Kegent t^treot Inatituto membors; &bo ntth a dot of gold 
LinJu and a brooch oet with poliahed quarU sent by old Foly- 

t^fohnie bcja in South Africa, with tbo follovin^ meauige — 

" Will you kindly hand tti««e to Mr, and Mrs, Hogg ou our beliotf, 
(ts ft nlight. tokfin of out apprL><!iAtiOD of all that they have done for 
UB T We are but a unit in Utc vast army of young men vrho havv 
fiilt the preotiuro ol Quintuj Ilogg'a love; long loay he live to 
continue his great ftnd noblB work I " 

Tho membere And Btudcnta were not the only onoa who 
oeixed thta opportunity to show their aSection and gratitude 
in a tangible manner. Tho governing body also took 
advantajfo of It, and knowing that a gift that would benoht hia 
Polytochnic would be the moat acceptoblc and valuable thing 
thoy could otter to its founder, thoy had eierted themselves to 
redu[M^ the debt of £20,000 which romaiued upon tbe place. 
largely owiog to the abructund alteratiooa the County Council 
regulations had neceaaitatcd, £13,86S 12fl. bod been raiaed by 
private appeal, tho receipts for which were handed to Mr. Hogg 
'^M A trLbule of Hinccre respect and admiration." When he 
roao to iep!y, the whole audience stood up and cheered aa only 
Englioh boya can clieer. It wae a wonderful obUtton of aSeetion 
and apprepciation, and he was evidently deeply moved by it. 
For a momont it seemed as though he would break down under 
the atreas of emotion it aroused in him, but he quickly rnaeter^ 
bimselE and spoke hifi thanks, referring to the invaluable hel|j 
he had always received from friundd and members. 

AJlor tbeee ceremoniea Blr. and Mrs. Hogg stood for five hours 
whibt fitreama of members, past and present, flowed paab Lhem. 
At first they spoke a few worda to each one aa they shook handd, 
but after a thousand or two had paased and there stilt appeared 
an interminable black hie of thousanda more awaiting their 
turn, the httle speeicLea d^ene rated into ^'how d*yedo,'^ and at 
laflt into a won and somewiiat Qxed smile which they were always 
taied with having been unable to discard for days afterwarda. 



THE LAST FEW YEARS 



347 



Jn 1898 Qmntin Hof^g retirod from the firm of H<^g, CuttiB, 
CompbeU and Co., tuad severed entirely bia conn<?xioii with tho 
Weat liidiea and Demerara. thougb he rcU^inod his mtoreat in 
the sugar induatty till the end, being a director of vftiious 
oompojiies connected with it, in the atfaire of which he took a 
vory active intereat. 

For aepenvl yoani before ho took the decisive stop of retiring 
from the Hrm with which he had been connected fur ho loog, 
he had been burdened with very heavy buaineaa ooxieties, 
which added enonnoualy to the mental etrain involved by the 
magnitude of hia philanthropic onterprbeB. He was a taaa d 
Hiciple taatee and ababemioua habits, but he could not be termed 
an economical man in the atrict bcuoq of the word, fie spent 
very fipanngly on himself becauao he was entirely aelfleaa, and 
becau^ lie preferred sharing tlie livea of the class in which he 
int«rc?ted hinipolf, not from that innate acnnc of the value of 
money that enforces a Atrict adjutitment of income and expeo- 
diture. In hifl youth he longed for money becauae it meant 
sach extended power of helping others, such powibilitiea tot 
developing hia efforts to improve the lot of the poor and needy i 
when ho obtained it, he regarded it ae a meand to forward his 
struggle against the national apathy in regard to the need«, 
both educational and otherwise, of the working classes, an one 
more offering it was his privilege to employ in the service of the 
Oiver of all good things. The necessity of restricting the 
activity of the Polytechnio because of linancial limitations irkad 
liim, and he chafed under the check of having to pause and doh- 
sider the question of moiu^Lary ei^peufies where his work wbb 
concenied. Tlie possession of wealth wae to hitn a means of 
removing many of the obstacles that retarded ita progress, 
though he was alrto wonderfully open-handed and lavish in aU 
matters concerning his home and family during the period of 
his prosperity. In tpho latter years of hia lifo he was by no 
means wealthy, but as rotrenchment in his expenses became 
urgently necessary, he denied himself eveiy luxury ratlier than 
permit his charitable work to aufier From his altered circum- 



m 



QtJlNTWHOGG 



Btaaoeo. He took up the bordec of Hn&DCial worricH and the 
Deceasitj for renewed bosines^ activity without a murmur ; ttiAfc 
his work migJit suffer was ihe one poasibility that made bim 
regret the low of fortune, that it should not do ao hb chief con- 
plderation and ambition, and he curtailed hta more privftt^- 
Bxpenditure in cverj poaaible w&y before he could bring himself 
La involve the Polytechnic ever ho sli^hlly in his reslriotion^. 
But strict economy both as regarded himself and others waus au 
unknown virtue in Quiutin Elogg^s nature, be was for inatoni.^ 
always o;ctrava£aub whore books or traveUing were concerned. 
Be was ever the most generoua of men in EnaDcial matters, but 
in the general trend of hia neoet^sary retrejichmenta he aaao 
elated hia family with himself unqaestiouingly^ he merely took 
it for granted Lhat no one could con template allowing a 
scheme thai beneHted humanity at large to su0er so long aa 
it could be prevented by peraooal sacrifice. 

In tbc spring of 1898 he went for about six weeks to AraericA. 
and later on in that same year to Colombo, Malay PeoiibtulA. 
Geylon, Mauritius and South Afric^a on buf^ine^a matters con- 
nect^ with some of the companies in which be was interested. 
Much as he loved travelling he grudged the time it took him 
atray from the Polytechnic "Our years," he wrote, ''grow 
more pivoious aa they grow fewer. I gmdge a trip which takei 
me for six months away from aU I love in England : far rather 
would I be visiting our Poly, homes in the aotumn and standing 
in the busy front hall at the end of September when our boye will 
Dome pouring in to liven the Institute up again with their worit 
and play/' 

In Colombo he saw his second son Ian, whose regiment f4th 
Q.O, Hussars) was stationed at Bangalore, From Singapore he 
irrote ^ of a visit he bad paid to Batu Pahat in Johore, where h« 
aaya — 

"The Dato or Bajah holding under th« Sultan ol Johoro waa 
very eivil and aniitius to show dR ht* laiuntry and to remove the 



■ 



^ AlnvHt all Uw lubtequBnt entroota a» from letlcn vHtUn to tJa 
rife. 



TEE LAST FEW YEABfi 



349 



bftd ebafaoter it had both for c1iaiAt« end soil, FotiTt«on Cf-^lon 
plactei? Lie biiri^ in the valley I wuat to. The nioii&gOT, a 
bright young fellow, the only fiuroprvLn in the dietrictt deolar«d 
that at tiouffl Ibpy buried iwvonty to eighty cooliea daily I I 
pointed out thai at that rate bia whole force (350) would die about 
flix tiiDBfl ovOT each month- Not in the laaAt diaconcerf-fnl he replied 
that tho aurvivora moetly were otnployod in burying thoee who 
)j»d died the previous day. Who buried the foorlh gang, or 
rather the hiuying gang of the fourth day, I could not discover I 
1 loft Batu Fah&t ia a amall charterwl tug and arrived hero to find 
the hotel being rebuilt, th« uoiae, duflt. and diatomfort are con- 
aiderable." 

Ffc»m here he returned to PenArjg, thenco to Ceylon, where ho 
was obliged to nish about to HUi^h an e:ctent that he dedared he 
''never slept in the »an»e pUce twioa; often walking over two 
eslatea in the day/' 

"I have picked up e travelling companionn the managor of an 
eetats in Johorc I woa aak<^ lo roport an and whore fourteen 
while men had been buried in t-en yeArn- T fuund a man there 
marked for fever ; ho had been m the StraJle eeven years without 
a uhange, I icducod him to leave at once, which he did jciat in time» 
for he wad bowled ov^ir inaide the week, and haa been aerioualy 
ill ever since. My ejcporience and cachets ^ were of use lo him, 
and he elected to como this way with me, taking things very easy. 
It's curious how he feels the cold. Here am 1 sitting in a khaki 
Huit before daybreak, whilfrt he next door le ahiverLog under throe 
blankota with a stove in lu£ room, Nora ing him )^ae bocuaome- 
what of aa occupation, and thesb hiHa ahould do hiiu good." 

The voyfligeto Mauritius did not prove restful, as tho travelling 
companion had a bad relapoe, and his self -appointed nurse 
barely left hie c^bb day or night. Shcrtly after he arrived 
in Mauritiua. Mr^ Hogg hurt his knee playing lawn tennis, tho 
injury □ecessitated bis being laid up for &ome lime and delayed 
him accordingly. He writeo — 

" J am making daily visitfi to eatal^e as my leg oontinuea to im- 
prove. Tu-day f liave to go to the CImmber of Commerce to fipeak 
on tha Bounty Queation, though T ahould have thought that to 
speak on Kucb a eubject in Mauritius wae like elaying the slain- I 
enoloee yon a French paper wbioli haa be«n publishing a long 
approciativie account of the Poly. . . . My invalid is better, and 

' Tht piflHriptioD givgn him \ty Dr. Dupuia, 



*»» 



QUDOTN HOGG 



gota hotno tc-day. . . . They havo two of the ffweotaat liuto chtldnn 
liere 1 vvor haw, the youngoat mpeciaUy beiii^ quite irrwstibte. 
I bought a box of Hveeta, and every night whilst I mu dreniag 
for dinner tho Iwu little bairns came into my room in their ni^it- 
diMinB * for wcrc^te ' aa the sweet oper^iua is c«UkL You woold 
haw fnllen head opot ears m lore with them aa Indeed every one 
Boi^mstodo. . , . 1 bavebocnhavinsirathoracurioiis coTTCspondiOniXt 
with theUoion Cafholique, who had adked me to give aomo addrcoBW 
tn their young men, I aBBentad on eonditictfi that the mBeting warn 
to be a delirut^ly rcLlgioua one, and that I waa ikUowed to offer one 
prayer. Outeide of tluB Uiey oould do what the? liked. Fiaally 
thoy priod off. They offered to let me uy what I liked if I would 
do flo Diulflr tho gnieo of a aeaidat or pt^Iacthropic Locture, but I 
said DO, I could not Biuuggle the meeeage of God undcir (Macular 
.petttcoata : and I should not f?e1 ^asy in delivering such menrwipi 
tmles* I know that it^ dcUvory wcfe eaQctioTied oil round.^' 

From Bfoorititu he went to DfJ&goa Bay, met his ward 
WiUoughby Montgomery" in Natal, tra^^lled with hira slowly 
down to Cap© Town, whence he returned to En^Uuid- He found 
Lhi£ journey full of int«reet, and after the Boer war broke out. 
his Bati^faotioa at having aocomplislied it increased, aince be 
found thAt his recent trip Lhroogh Natal, the Onuige FreeStAto 
(&c it was iben)y the Tr&nsraal and Cape Colony enabled 
him to realise the difficuItieB our troope had to contend with, 
and to follow the operations, especially in Natal, with a vivid- 
new tmpo«fiible to &a3^ne who hod not aeen and travemed tbe 
oountfy- 

lo the aotomti of l%99 he published under the title of Tht 
Story of PU^t a wricB ol addresses which be had delivered 
at hiie Sunday afternoon class during 1896-^7. They were 
reported each week in the Polytechnic Magazine and were 
reprinted in book-fonn from these reporto — 

" In tit? hope *' (writee Mr- Hogg in hk prefaoe) " that IhEy nwy 
betp to remind some of our old Poly, hoya of daya wh«n, pfrrrtiaacgr, 

tho Fath^^o call eounded clearer to them than it eomkH to do to-day, 
w — better still — of tho time wbcm tbey> like the Apoetlee oE old, 

^ Mr- Hon acted ai gnardiMi to «QvanJ boj* at diScrvab perioda of 1^ 
IJB^ Both Mr- UoDtgomcrv om^ Mr. OaniBtt> tbe aoa of an oid Dvfwvara 
lived witl> Link for laany jttM, and tkmB ■«« olliiaa to wbaaH 
In aU pnurtiffJ mattflra he itood tn lOM for^mHa, and to wboxa be waa i£B« 
e«nlj aitachad. 



THB LAST PEW YEARS 



M 



became 'flshprB oi men/ Thus, flret and fororaOBt, I eend 
this book to tht) groat atr^am of bnght EngliBli ^ oufig riumhood 
which uonstitutea &t oaao the infinite atlntoliou aad the unspeakable 
reepdnfllbility oi our Institute lifo. If, boyond thin, the wordn hnre 
wnttoQ ehotild draw any prodigoJ to the Fathe1^'e houae, or help to 
inepire Iovg In auj hiiman hoe^ to Him wlxo Hrnt loved ua And 
gave Himself for vb, I shall know that the bnauty nf tho Divine 
Eoeeeago has ODtwoi^tod the imperfcctiona of the Tiwssonger.'* 

The sale proved rather disappointiDg ; largely because he 
always gave a copy to anyone wbo was in Iho loiiBt likdy 
to buy one ! He asked hie eldest daughter if some of tho mem- 
bers of Che Girls' Ia§titute would not like to have it. and on 
her aasenting, sent her a amall parcel of 100 copies to distribute ! 
The following spring he and his wife went for a trip in Paleetine, 
It was Mr. Hogg's first vLsit to the Holy Land, and he was in- 
t*Ji3ely interested- On bis return he gave a series of lectures 
on the scenes he had visited at the Polytechnic, which were 
illustrated by hundreds of photogruphe. Unfortunately he 
wrote no letters to the Magazine during thiB trip, nor were the 
lectures pablished in it< That winter saw tlie blackest days 
of the Boer War, those days when hope deferred made the heart 
sick, when there was scarce a home in England where unspeak- 
able anxiety was not bidden und'^r the monotonoas round of 
daily lifo< Quintin Hogg believed tho war to have been inevitable, 
but the tension of long-endured uncertainty, the desolation 
of sorrow, the awful appreheoBion of disasters that hung Uko a 
pall over the whole country affeoted him very strongly. He 
would appear &t meals too depressed to eat or speak. *^ Ono 
fcela it impossible to tcuoh food with the country in such deep 
trouble. And our poor feUowa out there/' he would stghj and 
any letters from South Africa would always rouse him to a 
display of intcrcet, The Polytoohnio organiaod a Fund for the 
bonofit o! the siok and wounded in connexion with the Rod 
Cross Soeicty-* A contribution of 1,000 garments was pro- 
mised, hat thia was eventually far oxcDcded. "I believe" wrote 
the Presidcntj in the Polytechnic Ma^zirte, " thia war to have 

^ Quintm Hogg had b»n enmlled on hon. wwoaia(« of tlM Order of 
Bt> Joha oE JeruEuleiQ m riKo^tioa of hin philanthrapio irork. 



»S2 



qmiaiNHOGa 



been iaevifAble from cftosM irhich I need not go mto here- I 
Mieve that it ia to the interest of ah putin that Ifao m»evmfal« 
oligarchy at Pretoria ahould lose their power, but ve ranat 
remeraber litat the Boera had manhood eoou^ to accept a 
contest from which the forty mOboEi^ of Fnaoe »faranh.'* 
His etdeat 0011 Douglas, vnat oat ic Febniaiy 1900 as a troops 
in the t9tfa Co. (Lothian and Betrick) of the Imperial 
Y«omani7 ; Mr. V. B. Hoan, aftemrards his sonio-Uv, «ai 
with the SnfioLk Yeomanry, his seoond eon who was on vpeiHaJ 
service m Nigeria, elected to spend his veil earoed leave at the 
seat of war, attached to Colonel Byng's colama. In Deoembtt 
1900^ Mr. Hogg again went to America in onkr to viait the 
«statcfi of the Kenilworth Company, and to peno&alij cxwdoct 
some eipenmeat4. As 0000 w he arrived at Nev Odeuw, he 
vae deep in sugar once more. The afternoon of his artival be 
TiAit^d an estate where 1,800 tone of cane wen handled daily 
and nearly 1,200 tona of eog&r made eveiy w«ek1 Ha then 
▼isited one where the mcgasa vae tnroed into paper, tba experi- 
ment which had not proved (nuneadnl in Demeraia when he had 
tried it ther« many yean bctov.* l!be ccoditiooa in LoQJiia&a 
were oertainjy more (avomable^sinoe the mc^MS had in Demcfaia 
to be replaced by ooal coeting 30t, a too, vhtlet in Louisiana the 
price wv only 21^. or la». Owing, however, to a tornado, he 
wafl unable to see the pap^ expciimcfitfi to active opetatioo 
and theffdore altered his plana somewhat. " I am going," he 



"to HoiottoQ, tfoike doaeto GvlvHtoo, which wma tMMrly JfMujuJ. 
by a tomedo a few weeka h^a. Tht« to ^rt^i^r^ to rm a paper 
Cacfooy whi^ I have hved fur a day to teat our mrtani 
MS Cliicago aad New YoHc ta TirginiK tA tpcDd a ^y ' 
with Harty Ponyth. who wad in the Eton Footbal] Elev«n with 
me, aod who hn avuled down in WginiB to ipaal hk old age." 



^ 



This programme had to be greatly modified. 
Bold he 



From eoQlh 



"Thii ii a great oootiv for plon^ manufaetnTtng, two nn^My 
HMD in that lioa^ Olirtf and «H"'**t"'''' -, having thair wothe 



6»p.Stt. 



aJk 



THE LAST FEW YEARS 



359 



hert* Tho fonixor hAving mai^o hie nicnoy ttore cre^fted this fine 
hot*l which poflt him JftOO.OiX) hpfore he bpgBn to fumi^ih it. It is 
the bMt house I have Btayn] in bo for ; I was oxnaxifd to se« it. 
I had expected to put op in a ahanty o^'er a saloon, and (ouiul 
Aladdin'H Palace, OF coiirsti it cannot pcieHaib];- |iAy, but old Oliver 
doofi not cBfe> he wanle liis city to have the b*El hotel wott of Now 
York, and I bcliovc ho Ima get it> Whilet in Cliicago 1 twice wcmt 
to hear Gunwmlufti at the ct-ntral ruuni*^ hall wlipre he Jioldfl hia 
ohufch, and at tba Aimour Itiatitut« wh^re he preachedan apprecia- 
tion of the dead millicmair^, lie told mo evevy Sunday Armour 
would aacerlain how muc^ the i-hurofa had aubecribed (about 
3,000 roeEabora), and then doubfed it, 1 oIbq saw Ogdefi Arfoour 
who told me he thoujcht thL« British tho emartest pooplis on earth I 
I wish I could agreti with hJiu ! There is not a minu' town lu^e 
which ifi not in many Kepede bdter dxed than our metropotifi." 

Whilst in New York he heard of our Queen's death, and waa 
greatJy struck by the comineata he heard od all sidee, sho\mig 
th« imiTereal appreciation of her who htid passed away, and the 
evident conviction that the lose of Victoria the Good wa£ not 
only a national but a world-wide calamity. " WeU it is to be so 
epoken of and ho missed/' he wrote, l*iter on ho was tho guest 
of honour at a large dinner given by a prominent American, and 
waa taken " for the first timo in my life, and very much againat 
my will to the Opera." He doee not state what the selected 
opera was, but it waa a matter of Utile importance, eince ho 
eEept whenever the "noise*' allowed him to do «o, and 
waa able truthfully to assure his host that he had " never enjoyed 
anytliing more '* ; for he had been travelling for two nightB» 
W4S dead tired, aod rarely slept a« soundly aa he did on that 
occasion 1 

He abo visited Dayton at the invitation o! tJie Y.M.CA. 
It waa, he saya — 

" A very well laid out place, wide Htreete, clean and well paved, 
[livbDUently serred by electric trams and hae 100,000 inhabitaula. 
Ita Targefit factory is that of the Cash Regiat^ Co., which employii 
2,500 people, and is a model in many ways. Kour miloe out is a 
Boldior^H home, at> di0ei"ont, so infinitely superior Ur our Chelsea 
Hospital. There is a beautifully laid out park of 700 erree. with 
barrauks for 6,000 volunteef veterans, two ohuri-Uefi, billiord-rooDiis, 
cbeoe. reading-rooma, library, band, and rvorevtion of orery kind. 



354 



QUINTIN HOGG 



and ftny volunteor eoldier of the U-S^A- array ivho hioa wi honourable 
diBch&rgu and U iiic&pftcitated from on;/ OAUfle at any lime from 
earninghuLivirLgcanooiTierighthon, get board. Icxlging and crlothin^ 
itG^t rtrtfUD hifl po&sion and apead the reet of Uia days in peace and 
CEOinfcrrt. This is only one oE ■everoi aiicb homes* and is altogeUHT 
oatajde the homo far ' Bflgalarv ' at Washinf^n. I ohalL hava 
to make another Uip oouth as wo havo decided to put up a pepc 
tact4^ry at Kenilworth. What a ouiaance it is to be so built that 
you want to be just a httle ahead oi your time 1 Here waa I twenty 
years ago losing £20,000 by the vary enterprise which, so far as I 
oan sec, liua a pro&t of £20.000 a year Id it 1 In Dememn^ no aoa 
believed In it, and an it failed. Hers I can go ahead, and at leaat 
be Bote of a fair trioL" 

The paper-matcing experitneDte were emindntly succedafnl, so 
much so that it wae decided to erect a mill on the Kenilworth 
estate, a matter that again delayed hia return, as he had to 
make all the arrangemenle. He visited Washingtoa aad wib 
very mach struck with it^f splendour — 

" I do ant believe that Parifl will be in it bh eompored to Lhia placa 
when the belts ring in the twenty-Orflt century, A very remorlcabls 
thing is the extent to which tJie Yanks are using electric can. 
They run in every direction. OfieQing up the niuntry and bringing 
all tbo villages into eloae touch with the town^ The relative eHeOt 
oi thifl wiU bo vory interosting, i-e. whether it wiU carry tho towns- 
folk to the village or vice vhtmi'* 

He retamed in Maroh to God hie Aon Douf^Iae hod been 
invalided home from South Afriea. IiiHay theShoebLaokSociety 
celebrated its Jubilee in the Great Uali of the Polyteohm^^. Mi, 
Hogg was unable to be presootowing to boaineas engagementa in 
Edinburgh, but he published a long appreciation of the Society and 
its work in the Mii^fozine. relating that previoua to 1^1 it vaa 
impoBfiible to get one's boote blacked under Is. and dosoribing 
the interest created by the first appearance of the red tuaica, 
and the ultimate suoceas of the vcntore. In tho aummer the 
Regent Street Polytechnic undertook the management of the 
Intor-Poljtochnic Sports, which had been run for some ycftre 
bat had never been a eucceaa. Mr. Mitchell took the job ia 
hand, with, it is almost superEuous to add, results that more thmxi 
fulfilled eTGrybody^o bopev. 



THE LAST FEW YEAtiS 



355 



In September, 1901, Mr, Hogff'fl eldoat cUu^itcr. Elsie, 
became engaged Ifl Mr- V> R. Hoaro, who had workod whole- 
lioAttedlj in the roljrtechoio for oomo eight yoars. The en- 

ga£;cmeQt w&fl a aoiirce of unmitigated aatiefaction to hc<r paretita. 
Mr. Iloate hod ^ready b<icomo almost o eon to thom, and his 
h&irty co-operation in all matters concerning tbo Polytoobnic 
naturally rejoiced their hearts, 



"The absence of mydaugliter wilJ txiake a big gap in my home, 
as she perhape more than any one, understood my own and her 
mother^s poeition in the nuatter of the Foly^ and syiupathlscad 
most deeply with it. tlawcver, ahe has got a eplcndjd follow in 
Vin Hoare, and I am aure Che married life is the happier of the 

•tWD," 

her Father wrote in answer to a letter of oongratulatiou. 

The young ooaple wore married in November, at Marylebone 
pari^ church, on which occjwion the bride and her paternal eeaort 
caused the ohicE bridesmaid terrible perturbation by dasMng 
up the aigle ahead of the ohoir, a little fau^c-pas which the 
majority of the congregation fortunately regarded aa a brilliantly 
ofLginal and entirely intontioDal arrangement! 

One more innoration for the comfort of the boys for whom 
Quintin Ilogg could never do enough^ was introduced in 1002. 
when the services of a trained nurse who could vi^it and bend 
the sick and aufioring in lodgings were retained since thoBe 
membera whoee homfe were not in London often had no one to 
look after them properly if they were ill- Preference of course 
was given to members, but membership waa net on absolute 
condition^ " The Poly, heart must be large enough to feel 
for all young fellows or younf- women who may temporarily 
need a kindly nursing band in the hour of their Bickneae and 
depression*" was the President's verdict. In the aummer of 
this year, he and hie wife personally auperviaed one of the holiday 
homes at Ilaabboume for Qve weeks. Afterwarda they both 
went to Droitwich and underwent a course of the brine hatha 
the merits of which Mr. Hogg believed in sufficiently to aand 
for their butler, Edwards, who had been with them ever since 



356 



QUXNTIN HOGO 



tbetr ni&rrUge. had t&tigliL in Llie Udgged Schocl, and ' trained 
up various rulyte^^hruo members in the paths of domestic service^ 
who had foUtiwed their fortuaea good and l^ad far morv bhan 
thirty year*, and who nften nuffered terribly from gput, in order 
to Bee if they could work a cure for him too. 

The batb^ are about twelve times as ealt aa the sea, and Hr- 
Hogg «poke of them aa a " pictling proceas/' His ideaa of 
undergoing a cure were somewhat revolutionary. He was 
always niHhing up (o town to Inuk after *' Poly.'^ concenu 
and liaving eilorted reluetant permidalon from his doctors by 
offering them these half me&surefl or nothing, he uaed to assert 
that these frequent trips were t^kea with the doctor's consent, 
and be much surprised by the non-guccess of the " cure/' In 
the Last number of the Attignzine for 1902, he issued the follow- 
ing ^;reeting to the membera — 

** A brij^hl New Yoar, and a sunny Uock 

Along an ttpword way ; 
And a fton^ of pniiM whsi fookin^ bikcfe 

Wliea tbe year baa pa»od avay. 
And golden aheavm. nrr small nor few, 
ThiB ia my New Ye*r'a widh for you." 

Tbc letter which aeeompanLed this wii) be found on page ^S9. 



I-ETIERS 
Dear Sir, — 

I atn in du? rervipt of your letter of ttie 2Sth ult. asking me 
to write ui nriiclo for your pupeTt \rhich circvilatcv moong 
the Y.U.C. Aasociations of America. 1 am afraid that I do not 



' A mui soTvaDt who wm Krilh the Jamily for ftiifp^n ynn cmratt lo 
them in tbe fcUifwinf mnimpr. One day Ur- "Bogg Dotiovd a boy 
vbf'^1i^^ H barrow id Cowat GanJoii^ and limping in evident paiin. &a 
vpnt and >t)]ted the tittk chap vhat tha matter wu, and found b« favl 
liurt hiH kruw *flVorBly. 

'■Wp i/tf^\c the bAFTTtw Htrai^ht iHfk to thn man whn oirnDd it. and 
then I carried the boy off to my ^louas and Ea»da him li» up For swna 
u-wkfi til] w« gob bin knm nj^h^. We then mist him to halp in the hoooe. 
■a aa to prvrent bi« goinq baalc to tarder work than he w%) Gi for- Ha 
mtend«l only to flta^ a few wooks, Ht> livod with too ftt flixt^ea y«an. 
Theq the little boy crovn in(i> n man Ht&ndinjc ok^t lix fi?#t, Tmrriad, 
I got him n pilnce whi'^h lA'mild iriMrfom l<va than domeatio servi» IVllh 
hfe nifUTiBd lilr^. Wlien ha Iny djing, he ifiat me thiamMBagv: 
T walk tlinjugb the valley of tho Shadow of Death. 1 obaU not Eaar, 
Ha is with am"^ 




LETTERS 



3fl7 



fwJ very much iospirpd in tJiia direction juat now, as my timp 

14 S<i miic}! mora (Kviijiit^d tlinn il ought iu be ttiAl I am doic^' 
notJiing itell. If, howevt-rn I should bo Bubjert to tho luiuauifcl 
AJUncnt of a utiddon tuoli of brains to tho hood, I will forthvitL 
relievb ib irj ink und po^b tiie result to you, but I caa makB tio 
pfomiflo^ It 10 tlm^ tbat I lock, not the will, and bo much has b^en 
said about education in tho rooont pact that 1 am appalled at the 
idm of Bttemptmg to say anything new on £uch a. tubjectf and 
mcfeoveTt education alone cculd not be my tbem^, at least not 
in its narrower interpretation. T hold the development of tlie 
whole man to be the work of the Ctiruitian Qiurch, and I am par- 
SODAlly as keen about the physical and spiritual faf^ultiFfi of a man 
Be T am about th& Bimply intellectual, 1 could Bend you lota □£ 
titaiti manna if that would :4uit you, but it would be of more or Il-ss 
religious character. With kind f^gardfl, 

Youra truly > 

Quiims HoQO. 



Avguat, IBQO^ 

To a former Day School hoy. 

1 found your !ettor on my rotum from Brighton, whore 1 hod bcon 
starting & couple of amall lioliday liomea for our elder and younger 
boys r^pectivftly. You aiily boy I How coultl you aay the cnrd 
'^ happened " to come on your birthday * Could you not see that 
it waa intoEided to do bo, and wae in fact a birthday oard made 
erprcflsly for nv^, or 1 euppoee I ought to say for you T 

If you come up to tho Hwimmmg bath any time during thia mont}i 
you will ihid Iota of room ui it, for, of cuiirae. our day school Loyn 
are all away holiday maklngn ttnd our InBtitute fellowa ore to a 
largn CFTtent engaged in the tiamc way. T do nob know that I ^lave 
ever seea the bath bo empty sincu I firet built It as it was laet 
niglit. Do you not know, you bad boy, that our old day w^hool hoya 
are allowed tc join the O.Q's, at fifteen, irstcod of woiiing until they 
are fiixtct^u, which is the linuL for all others T Tliiidf of what you 
hiive loBt by not coming to pay me a visit and firding out all about 
it, tvhich iudocd you ought to have found out long ago ! 



I 



Stpnnher^ iSfiB. 
To a frimd iU in a tcarlfi /ever hospiUtL 

My DEAtt , — 

I am afraid you will ihink nw a dreadfully bad eorre- 
apondent in not bnvin^ anawctod your letter long ero tliia. 
However, you gave altogether ao flourlslnng an aceounb of your- 
wM that X waa afraid to intrude upon your clysiuA by anything 
BO mundano aa an cfrifttle from my unwortliy aelf, I think now 
however^ that it ie only right to tell you that you should ei*iy in 
the hospital aa long as you can, and that while thore you ought to 



358 



QUINmr HOGG 



hfutg up a punching bog and Imjh the noble art of •elf-dof^ooA. 
□nlns indeed yaar pal in yonr room aiJds to bis otht^r amenitiM a 

lovo of being punohcd himiwlf. The Pea»>n ie that boih H and 

D ore learti inff bt»3iini^ BO na to bo able to put you on your back, 

and ih^y nppear|wJ1h their nasal nrganH in v^rioua ronditiona of dia. 
tortion aaa r^ult of undiae acquaintance with the instJuotor^edigiU. 
Aa to myself T have been running to and fro ijvee the tnnth. 
like Satan in the Book of Jcb, seeking not wliom T may (Tpvout, 
but what I may inBure, anything From oil mills to infanta being 
fiah for our net 1 All the boya arti aakuij; vbero you havo got to, 
but whfu thflir oiirinnity ha» been Batiaflad, none of th^m seem to 
Jump at the idea of paying yon a visit f Porhapa no adutt of ordinary 
mtclligrnce irould nelact a fovor hospital aa an eligible spot in 
which to spend a holiday. 



WriUen to a boy io ivhom he had ttent the " Story of Ptifr.' 



Deas 

Surely yen don't suppose that when I sent you my book 
I intended to inflict on you the penalty ol reading it T My 
wildtttt flighte of Imagination only soured to the possibUity of ila 
ooonpying two ini^hea in your bookcane. 1 marvelled nhen I found 
it wae otherwiae aritil I turned over Uie page and found you h&d 
qjrained jourarkl'\ wiuch accounted for the phcnofQcnon. I shall 
know by th«} marks in tlto Story of Ptier how long yoa bavobeen 
[aid up with a bad leg- 

Vour aflf-i 

Q. H. 



I 



LoKnoN, '9B. 
Pot,— 

T would have answered your letl^r earlinr btit for the 
ooropUint that 1 do not write my Letter? myself, which I am 
&frajd is tme, and if it ceaeod to be bd would involve a coa-* 
Bidarahla reduction in Her MajPHty'a poalal BurvicD, find pnseibly 
on equal relief to my unfortunate correepondeata. . . . How dooi 
llie Clkapel get on now T I hope you arc keeping up your interest 
in tiie Bcliool i the rliapel waa rather a diBa[i|>oiii1in&nt, and t am 
afmid the people there, as in moat places, like having their 
tiokted with fc<rvid dec^mtionB of trvtjis whirh they icnow rathi 
than being Ji^d to higher aitd wider views of God's dealinga— 

" Tbfira'a a vidpLruuA in l-liii mercy 
Like the widcn^i^ of the sea. 
Tliere'B H bleBuin^ in HIa juslice 
Which in more thEui liborLy," , 

AS Faber AingB. but how few of ne follow en to know the Lord fully. 
Pfrtpiraiion rather than in9pirvtiQtt la what same follu like to 



LETTERS 



350 



see in the pnlpit, uid I Bnppcwe it will be «a till th« ivholA W«l 01 

Christi&n thought has been raisod by education and God'a Sptrit, 
The older I get the more 1 liunK^r ©Iter pn*acJung whidi m the 
T¥inilt of tJio sweat of the brain and of pemonal Pipenen™, ajid the 
looa con I cndufi3 tho hurdf-gurd^ barrol-organ which m bo often 
aet agoing and colled preachiug. Qod bleflsc« " roolishnoes o/ preach- 
ing," aa Pftul Hays, bat I don't find it written anywfiere that Ho 
bkaaco fooLish proaohlng I 



In Ofuvor to a ieUer aeinng him aboui the maniifttctttn uf papor from 

rnegmict. 

JiiUf 29, lft02. 

'HiarUEB for your letter of yestorday with ite oncloauroH 1 bdiove 
I wu Uie Ikat in t}]e world to make paper out of intT^aas. as 1 tried 
it over twenty ye&r« ago on one of my «el«.lea in British GuraxLa, 
but my effortfi were fnutfat«d by the Sodducoe-like attitude tdk<m 
up by luy employees, iFho dtbbelieved in it* and theroEore did not 
t^ to miike it a buocbbs. Last year I went out to the Unitod Stalce, 
ahippod some megosa up to Indiana, hired a nmall paper- ntill and 
madiT paper niyaelf with such eucceee that we have now put up in 
Lmiisianfi a pnp^r mill whitrh r^oat over $200,000, and we etart 
papor-making tliis week. Wo hope it wiU prove a really good tiling 
lor the United Railway and Traduip Co. Wo have lota ijf oice 
straw round na in LoniHtaiia also, and ara buying up some of that 
to oaei^t in the manufaoturo. 

Ab to wliab your h^nda teU you about the elimination of printci^^ 
ink, I don*t believo a word of it. Old newspapers and old paper 
rubbi&ii are need in tnillH turning out the ponrwt kind of nTOpping 
paper. Really wbit>e paper cannot be made out uf it aver }iero or 
in the ITnitiOd StatM, and The eolour difficulty in evaded in both 
Gountrica by producing pink paper suoJi as that on which 
tlje Olobe is printed, or green paper like thflt of the WtfitiMMter 
Oazpttft, the dye being put in to contr'iil Lhn kind of kharki irol*>ur 
which would be l^ft by the ink- Posi^ibly you did not know the 
reason ol tiio Pink Vn and ita con/r^rca before I 



WHiitn to a hojf vfho Aod ftai ffrme out 10 Itidia. 

HV Di!Afi — 

Your letter oE the Idth ultimo lh to hand, and I am glad to see 
that you have arrived and found aometliing of a home in The 
Y.M.C.A, 

I know Calcutta only fairly wdl. although my faUier waa located 
there at the biiginning of last rontury for nearly twenty years, 
and two of my brotliers held very important posta there, one as 
Director -General of the Poet Office,^ and the other of CJiairnian of 

< Sir FVedarick Hogg. 



an 



QUINTIN HOGG 



Mji|;;iBtTates ^ inthetowo. However 1 will not try to tell 70a about 
a place of which y^u probably know mar? t^hau I do, but will conflnr 
mysAlf to siich iiews sa t can gtvn you on this sid^ 

Lost wiiek wo woro bosy with our f&te, whioh weut off, 1 think, 
UQUAuaUy welL PersonaJly I waa only bhure Lwo ev«aiiig«, as I 
wBfl in ch&TgG of a home in HaatLngs, whE^re Lwenty of our boyn. 
poet &nd preaeikt, were spending their Ckiruttnas holidays ' I 
foond also rathsr a aod duty to perform Ihere, At the hoUrl to 
which I gftnaTRlly go, and wheffp I aJmost always look in when I 
pay a viFsit to Hoetings, I wae rcGOgniEcd by Charlie NepeELH, whon 
I kiiHW oA a charming youiig fellow Hve-ajid-thirty years agj, 
when he played in tho Intem&tioiiAl Scotch tf^asn under my captaincy. 
After leaving Charterlioufle he went to Cambridge, thee entered 
the Church, and for the last twenty-six years had been in charga 
of a parish in K^nt. T had not fleen him (or nt'arly thirty yewt, 
but ho know me in a moment, and 1 woe griovcd to Bud that he had 
come down thero to die, bcin^ afflicted with a hoplc«« attacL of 
cancer. As a conaequencn I dMErted my boys much more thian 
UHual, aa when 1 eoold manage it J dined with him, and paid him 
a visit during the day as oftvn as possible. He was as bright and 
(■he«*ry aa ever, and as full or pTuck as when he shared with me the 
[^harge oE the back division of the Scotch leam. 

To-day the Poly, ia of course in choofi. EvorythinB » being 
more or lesa diamartled and movptl. and even ot the Poly, we 
do thinga quite by magic, bo I do not know how the boya are to fiml 
their papers or practice their gymnaetica this evening. 

t am aendlng you under another coverasample of a card which T 
Bent out to all our mQiubers, and alao a copy oC the letter whicb 
accompanied It. I liave told the boy^ to hang Uie card over Uteir 
bed either bi their homes or Ti}keir diggings, and thongh fn yonr eflsa 
it may he neoefiaftry to view it through mlerpoaing moaqniio otirtaina. 
t hope yoQ will do the same. Wialiiog yon a happy New Year. 

YoTiTs sincerely, 

Q. H. 




Th* fGVoitnng UtUra v«r« TfTtirffti eo hU rnird, WiUmi^hbtf Mrm^ 
^mertf^ during tht Boer War. He had iravtUtd through Natal I0M 
him about Icn riKmtht before hostilities Kmmttncrd, Mr. Jfowlffowwr y 
went oui vriih the Natal CarabtnpJtr^. am^uxu, with hit brother, anumfftl 
the Ladysmtih garrieorij and obtontrd hit eommwion m IIKKI, 

May 11, IdOO. 

Vonr letter of the 19tih juA to hand. I vns awfully aorry to 
hoar that you liad had a relapee after leaving Lad^'smith. I wi 
comforting rayaelf by imagining you revelling in flupcrabundano© 
of good mitt, good food, and good nui^ingn and only rpniaining 
like CiDCinnatuH on your larm until the eagl^ gathered together 
A Sir Stiiart Hogg. 



LETTERS 



afti 



for ■ ffwrmp twat the TrAnflvaal. As for Qnint^n ■ he weerrm t-o 
have pAid the penalty ot youths and have known f^v^^ lesa than 
Jua elder broUier hovr to avoid tbe ilLe that Umii la liEjjr ta 

I marvol that you «hould have wrilif^n to mo about yonrwlf 
and Quintin, and musod out that moBt iroportant poraon of the 
trio — I^ Fldche^' At leofit T uoLiced Crom the lettera wluch your 
father wftfl good enough ta aend me from time to time, that the 
mare got quite ea muoh consideration aa her rider, and probably 
more so. Did ehe aurviv^a the siege, cft waa uhe turned into sausages 
before her time T 

I aeo that the mimitable and irrcprcesibLe Baden PowoTl ia making 
exceUeat brawn uut uf Jioree and mule akina, and that oU the folk 
in Mafi^king are feeding on it, finding it IooT}i?ome and auataining, 
though Bomewhat sticky I Upon my word he seema the dneet 
fellow the war hae developed on eitlier side. Our last cabTea t«U 
Ufl the f^oerfl have evacuated the Biggan^berg and are in full retreat 
on filing's Nek, ao I suppot^e in a few days Natal will bo clear of 
hoT unwelcome guesle, and Buller ought c«itainly to have men 
enough now to hold the Boers at Laing'n Nek and strike by 
Utreoht and WakkerHtrocm to the Railway, thua compelling the 
evacuation oF Natal territory. The trouble of (he last fortnight 
has been that while wo have taken position after position we have 
not yet laad a fair etroke at the Boer army. When General Grant 
waa ongoged in liis last campaign he used repeatedly to reply lo 
those who snggestf>d easy ways to Riohmond, *' I don't want 
Riehmond, I want Cieneral Lee'ft arnny/* Jnflt ao, we don't care 
one straw about i^oBaing the Vaal or capturing poaitiona — what 
WB want ie Botha's army, and until we can look upon that ba a 
nonentity the war will not be properly over. Somtwhore or other 
UiGTo will have to be a atand, but witli an army always capable of 
enveloping Ihem the Boera will be vpiry olwry of giving us the 
chanr>e we seek. Of course there is this to be rememberedT that 
wrth irregular troops constant retreat meaiis dieorgonization and 
demoralisation to a far greater ertent than would bo the case with 
more difloiplined men. At the uame time the Boera have not yet 
had a fair amaaliing. Cronje'a force after all only conaiated of 
4,000 or 5,000 men ; and wpwanl tlin largest Boer force in existence 
to feel the effects of a downriglit blow from Rol>crtfl or Buller, 

1 cannot say how thankful I nm that you have got through aE 
the troubles of the siege. So far none of my own loved ones have 
Buffered. One or two oE our boys have been wcunded and one or 
two taken prisonerer but so Far none have succumbed through 
flicknees or been nlain In battle. 

Poor Douglaa ° in his laflt letter w&s Laid up with dywntery 

' Hr, Montgomory's younger brothRT. 

* Mr, Montgomery's mare. 

* Bia eldost ana, who wu in tbo Imperial Yeomanry 



M2 



QUINTIN HOGG 



at Bt«1lffiiboaah Camp jufft. ah ^f» troop vimt to thA front- Thoy 
are with OonQrol Hunter. I do hope Dou|f1as m&nagcd to ^t out 
of hoepital in time to catch them ap somewhere tn umle. Vin. 
Hoam JA also »t tho frtmt, hp ia in tJw Norfolk Ypcmamy- Be 
waa with PrcDoht but I fancy hj now wiU I>q with the Eutem forcea. 
Well, docLT boy, it ia timo I etoppvd. Ood irr^nt this letter will 
fhid you strong and well and with the BriliaJi cul^iur^ ^ymg over 
UiQ Tranavaol, at Johanneaburg at any rate, il not at Protoria T 

61. TBmaiDNKHDUt STRERn T^^NDOS. E.C. 

My i>BAti Will,— 

I was eo vary plaased Co get your letter of the IfKh ult. telling 
me that you had got your conimiaaion at laat. If I had b«en in 
ctnomand of the re^i^biiont >oa should liave had it within XVit; first 
wiwk, fur I know vr'ry few mnn who would be better and enore 
willingly followed by their men than would be the case w:th you. 

I am having tlie photograph you sent me of the scouta with 
Lhf^ honM« lyiu^ down reprctductd for tho FoJy. Mug., and T 
hava joat this mcHiient handed it over to Clark for that purpooaL 

I aiD aorry to find, howeTOTi that I wcta wrong in t^omforting 
mysfllf that your mititjiry work waa over ami that by this time 
you WOTQ safely lodL^od at lemoot. All tliia entping bitain^fls, and 
the gcerillfb tActica which tlie Boere tiav^ taken up will be very 
trying, and I fancy Ihe right tiling would be lo Jiuve our men ni^arly 
all mounted. The oablegramfl aay that tl^ Boers fn Eoma cab*« 
tako three horses w!th thnn^ tknd of coutqc our poor jadod animats 
cftn havn no cbaneu ngtiiiiHt mon mountt^ lihi3 tiiaC. 

The C.LV.'b retornpd home last woek, and on Monday marched 
tlirou^ tho City, getting a treimendoua ovation, but I cam:tot say 
that I waa impressed with it. Hie crowd waa more drunktro and 
IftiB reetrained m every wfiy than is naunlly the ease. Tlie difference, 
for instance^ between the crowd last Monday and that on Jubilee 
day wua moat marked. Personally it aiH/niB to me that we made 
an abfiurdly exagg$ratc<d iusi9 over the C,T,V/a, and I don't know 
how wo can pvc any proportionate wolcorae when thoao tomo home 
who have done tho real llgljting. Take, for inataiiLTi, the Vokioteer 
Companion nf thn Ht^gnlar regimf^ntA. and Bome of the Teomanry 
who have been employed right along. 1 don't want to dopreciatv 
what tho C.I.V.'a have done. They proved thomaelvee of ozceUent 
material and have been moflt helpful, but still there are othrte 
who hftvo done more, and how wo could Hve in thia town if overy 
returning regiment is fo ^t a similar ovatiou 1 really do not know. 
The atraetc were very badly kept, with tlie result that the erawd 
broke completely through the VoluntCT>rB and police at Temple Ear, 
and from there onwarda all a^mblonte to a profeeaion was loet; 
ttioC.I-V,'a hAd to struggle through in ninglo f^le, and arrived erona 



LETTERS 



368 



and tired at t>i«r lunchoon teniB in BunhiH FJelda, They wm^ too 
weary and hungry to listen to the LiDrd ML^ycir tx anybody olao, 
aad Itft hia tordeliip speaking wJiila tbcy fell on lo the viAndOt 
Personally, I don^t blaiDii tii^m. ITndrr the c ircumatfincQH I aliould 
have profurrod a aquaro meal und a good drink (oepwiaJly tho lattet) 
to liat^ning to Uie Lard Mayor^a cloquBQOO. 

I tJunlc I told you in a previous letter thnt 1 expected to be 
going off to th? United States ccarly nojct oinnlJi, ao you rnu£t not 
'* CUBA lut: too bad *' If you doji't ^t auaivers to your Uiiter^ aa regu- 
larly OS ufiuaL 

Yours afL, 

Q. H. 

Octobrr 31, 1001. 
T am alwft/a glad to hear from you aa it givDH me proof poaitive 

that np to the time af writing at auy rat^* iny boy had beon kept 
safe a.nd well. The eamo mail that brought your letter brought 
mo also one itoxa one of my old day school boys, who told me* how 
he hod asHinted in bAndaging up one of hifi old school fellows who hud 
boen shot througlk the ht'ad A-nd died iii a fow tioun. The very day 
I received tlua a. telegram c&nie from Lord ICitolicnor reporting 
that t>ie column to w^ich this boy was attached^ VonDonopa", had 
bELd a Htiff fight with the Boers with eovcniy or eighty men killed 
or wounded. This doaultory and eniping kiod of warfare keeps one 
ecmstantly on the qui ?i'?« and in fear for one'* friendH- Ian * ii 
attach^ to Cnlonel Gyng'a column, end wants to get baok to 
West Africa in time for the Nigerian Expedition. Whether thiM 
ean ho workfid, I do not yet know. 

Do you remember F C T H* oame to ua aa a boy of 

dfteen, passed tlirough the school with great diabincti'^a and woa 
put uu iliH teochlug staff) where lie proved Ufimelf ouu of Jiir ableat 
and best men^ Ue woa juirt twenly-^evon and whs about (o be 
momE^f vhcn ho suddenly broke a blood vessel aa ho woe j^etting 
into hia bath and died in two niintitee. It hoa eaat a glooru over 
the whole aehool. 

Did I tell you I hod eold Morton Ha!l for breaking up into 
building land, and now a range of cottages is being built all along 
tho Kingston Road, where the Poly, Reserve cricket piteh used 
to be T Thia year 1 have taken the main pitch in Faddington 
Recreation groutid for our firat lootball team. We pay £100 for 
it, but WG ought lo get something back from the gat^, and at any 
rote tho odvortiflemont ia worth o good deal, and should attract 
to us some ue^ >'Oung blood from tlit Maida Vale district- Dottie ' 
is to ba married ntsitt Tneeday to Vin Hooiv. W« are having very 
Sne mild weather just now, and wo ore all hoping it will last over 

t Hu Aceood flOD, s captam la tHa 4tb Q.tX Efufloan. 
> HiA ftldflflt daughter, Eliie. 



M4 



QCTNTfN HOOa 



the wedding d&y. Th« wpttthrr makro mch a diABTBiioe from a 
sp^ctAculAT point ol vieiv, and as you can iFna^ine, thero u sajre tA 
he a tolerable crowd in tho GLiirch> aoem^ thjvt Dottie ia rr*y wv-U 
known in tha Ststeni' tustitnte and Vin at 30^.^ Tbeyania go to 
VenioA for their honeymoon. Good-bye, dear soimy. God bloM 
Odd keop yoQu 

61, Ta&AAOX&BDLK SrsfisT, E.C. 

Dkar old Wtix, — 

YouA of tho 13th uli. baa juAt reached m« — the fijmt yi>a 
hava SQEXt me auu« the declaiatioD of peace. T am glad you 
are vatifified with the tcnos. Over here they oeemed VMy 
rooaonable* Whatever ia tho fate of South Airi*SA Engliflh moat 
of neciHuty bo ita taiiguagv, and the more i33n)inen» dmirulvs 
and the ptace booms, the more rapidly will Ihe Engliab ton^iis gel 
ita bold OQ the country aa a whole. You miiAt of course in tfao 
first iDBtance expect a good nuiitber of the Dutch to stick to their 
old Tul, but inAny will have learnt the advantagea of '''_fig>iah 
through this war. and yoa muet remember that the rig^ to n 
Dutch language in the Couita of Justice la Lioited lo thoaa 
where its me would aaaist jtiai|i?e. The men hai'e fought w^Ll 
deaerva liberal ierma, and you must olwoyv bear in mind thai 
have not boon Qgliting in a strange counUy where we bad joat 
!idc the soldiers and tbmx dear out, but In a eoantry wb«re 
Enghahand the Boon hare to Lve eide by aide, and, I hope^ 
aU the more of each other as the result of this w^r. 

Do you know, a very i?arious tldng luippf^ned to me tho other d&y T 
I had run down to Porinmoutb to eee the fleet bfdore the ahipii 
dUpciwd. and On coiuhig back who ahould get Into tho tmia but m 
Mfgeantwith (tome) Che well-known legend on his r^lar *' V-C-TL", 
and "N&tal * ondameath^ I epoke up to hiiu at 0(u;e> &nd aaked 
tiim if he knew my bad boy* which of courae ho did, and we had a 
long talk abcput you and Quintin and the war gienerally. Ha 
told me that WUI look^ after his men, and I tokl him that Will 
aLwaya did everything that he oug^t to do. and nothing that ba 
oughtn't, f do not know the sargewit's name, but probably yaa< 
will be able to apot him aa being, 1 should think, the only aergeanti 
of the V.CR^ who hoe come honie with the Coronation ilrtarhn—ilL, 

The King haa been ]>rimL>ur^ced out of danger. He 
after all, operated on for flpp«^dlejtii ; neither haa the 
been tonchcd, but an absceaa which had fornK^ in the bowvl 
been lApped and reLeved. There are rumcFUTH Uu&t the date of ths 
eoronatkon will be made known ahortly, though of coarse il mua%i 
take a good ii>ng time yet before the King can be lookod upon att 
reetored to his normal health. 

1 309. RegcAt Stfeet, the Pol^t^olmia 



LETTERS 



3Afi 



I wish I could pay yov Another visit out in NntAl. 1 flhoold 
lave to go over all the pUcea with yoa, Wliat ui interesting trip 
it VFDuld be, and what an interesting uouipaiiiun I should have 
with me, tlioagh I fancy on this oceBaion one would have to ride 
to DUist of tho Hpole. How woU I remcmbpr that night when we 
paased through CoIchao and I^dysmitJi- Even tJicin there were 
watB and nunoim of wars, and you will remctiubcr we> diiiruE^Ml 
whothor it would bo worth while to sst^i out at Ladyamith and have 
a look around. I wmh now that we had done no. 

By-ths-bye. J Jiad bItikhI- forgotten to t«li you that I had to take 
a run tho other day to Lucome to see our Ch&lota there, aod I 
took wLlh Liie aa a coflnpanion a boy who had joinsd the Poly. 
school recently- He wa? at Hohool within sound of the guna of 
Ck>]eiiEO whon tho battio woe fougbt, a curious experieafw for a hoy. 
He is a very niue lad of BLXt>eeD. and I want you to gel to kiiow 
him when he goos out. 1 believe Ike returns honi« with hia father 
and mothtr and sisters n^xt Soptctuber ct October. Juet now 
they are living in North Wales, but I took bim a short trip to 
Edinbur^^ and another to Switzerland, bo that he might seta ^at 
walking over a glaoic-r was like and know the tclirity of boing 
BDOwballed in the ear, etc., eto. 1 have given hiin your addreu, 
ao if a strong, welt-built laddie of aiiteen comes ard Ankfl you for 
a game of football and invokes your aid in the n»mo of youis truly, 
you will know who he 19. 

Good-bye, dear boy. May God bless and keep you always In 
all placcG. 

Yotira aETec., 

Q. H. 



WriUoH in SepUfnber 1 003. to a fitrmtf Polytechnic mtrnbcr now in 
Sojilh Africay It 10 rwiiniy irJcrcstirtg as etHrwing tftat the paucity of 
hi^i intercourse teilh hia family uvm due entirtly to cireunisUtrtccs and 
wAof hi bcOevcd Co 6c A id dnty, for thia ieUer proves that Ke utu not iacking 
in intcr^ai or pride w* his rhildrcn — 

" 61 Thkbadncedlb Stscet, 
'*Mr DBAB . . , ■' September 3, 1902. 

" Your latter of the 3rd ult. duly reached me, and I must thank you 
not only for its very kind tono, but also for the EuUnees with which 
you have gone into both days past and prce^ut. I am glad you niet 
Badoof^k -^ ho half lived at my hoose while he was in London. He 
a a very nice follow, an onthusiaat in Iub profoOBiun and ought to 
do well. 

'* Mra. Hogg and I are just now living at Eastbourne, where we 
have been running a Uohday Uome for the Day School boys, past 

^ An Eton Eiwiid of bio bod Dou^Lui aikd of his acin-ia-law, Hr. V. H. 
Hove. 



308 



QUlN^nN HOOO 



■ad pnaeofc. Wo bftve a ofeator 



aad bAvo 



bojm by Uking tfwm long ttvmnion^ ftor i1iifrif« fir fanedng 
iito«e wo coold hsTo TOP tur wi oa had wb boKi ikipnariwl^ o 
I bupe <3nB d4y lo go to nv fsTonrile BocIind <Wtbfc the 
pedeEt uniiih&failMl Nonnon f^iThi m ^■ifl'**'' What jw anr 
wiUunSOOysTdiGfityoDamijoC c oMci oy thtf H ImIes • roof, ud 
4ro ■hmrrt amiaJBuJ to be told it la uoifUiAlNtnL 

'* Dou^aa taaa pa^ad his final Bar fnramTnattnn briDDa^ljr, sad m 
fact, 4i4 oo EDoeh bfltu* thafi anybody elso that tfaa SohofeMship, 
which be waa debarred tram t«ldiie up on acccvnit of faia a^a, waa 
AvardnJ ta no one etw : it being beld that tbne vsa really nn eecnod 
to him in the exanL Uo is an eathoaiatft in hk work ; baa qoite • 
Qomber of briefii olroAdy, fvnd I am eorc will do nnooaunoaly aiilL 
Dr. Warre, the lleadmaaUr of Eu>a^ told me wfacit lio ■■■ Ibbvid^ 
that if 1 tpould pot bioa into L«w, he would undcrlMke (hat h» would 
bocomg Lord Chancellor, aa be vafl pretty twarijr tfaa afalart Mkkw 
that had ever paHBtd ihrou^h hw handn- Of coona ono moit take 
aa <i|Mtuon tiks this «ia j^fcint?, but inakuu; all aliowaaeea, it waaa 
v«70atterii)«de«cnpt4Oofor tboHoodmafitcTci Efton to grvo of Mqr 
boy. 

" Unfortnnaitaly, «« haTe to oloaa op tho Home at Baatboonke oa 
Saturday, aad my next trip will hardlj be one of pleaaoro, for my 
knee haa htt^ giving me oo much gAia from rfaenmatism that I am 
going wnh Mrs, Hogg to Droitwich to try a coune of the wiaten 
t|»ro. It is nc&rly throo y«en nncft I took aome botba at Batli. and 
lauppoaemy rheumatic tcndGnonaan^ttingabitimnily for lack of 
a proper amount of spanking. 

" Aa rrtrardi ffi^ing boya lottora of introduction to yoi^ I am gomg 
to taka you at your word, and hope t ahall not ovfrburdon yoo-*' 



XV 
THE CROSSING OF THE BAIL 

... I hftvfl livod my life, and Hut whioh I b*vo dc»» 
Htty Ha within Himsw nuke pmo. 




THZ CBOSSITJO 07 THE BAB 

TN NoveiDber, 1902, Qurntin Hogg had scJd his houae in 

■*- CaTendiah PUoe ' at very aburt notioa, and tlieref ore rented 
tt house in Stra^tford Place in ord«r to gW^ himself and hia wife 
more time to find another perm wienl residence, Since it waasome 
difltauco from the PolTtechnic, in bad weather or wlien he wba 
very late working, he would often sleep in his bedroom there, 
which h&cl a bath lOom built on to il. Ah the Institute woe 
dosing for the night of January 16. hestood at the top of the 
Bl^pfl, shaking liaiidfl with the members as they wect out, when 
one lad passed him very thinly clad. *' Where's your overcoat 
this cold night, sonny 1 " The boy answered that he didn't 
posaeas one ; so laying a hand on his ahouldor. " Q. H." detained 
him whibtoneof the portera went out aod obtained a warm cou1> 
into which he buttoned the boy before sending him home- 
That wan his laat little personal eervioe for his "boys.^^ Hia 
non-appe&rance at breakfast next momiiig canned no alarm, he 
was so uncertain in hia movements thfvt bin fannly had long ceased 
to wonder at his comings and goings, and it was oot till tlie ser- 
raota went to do hia rooms thoit he was discovered lying in his 
bath, quite dead. At first it was thought to bo a case of sudden 
heart failure, but death wae aubsequently proved to be due to 
^phyiiation from the fumes of the gas stove in th? bath room. 
for whioh.apparetitly,adequate ventilation had not been provided.' 
The family was hurriedly summoned, to find what had seemed 
incredible briefly stated in telegrams all too true. The hush of 
death hung heavily on the Institute, front all Aides frieuds and 

^ The Hnggfl had movad from CaveDdiah Sqime BCtna four yean 
previa ualy. 

* The a1av9 had been in aJmosb daily use for four yean viitboLit aay 
Buapdeion of tha want having been aroused. 

«" AA 




370 



gUINTm HOGG 



inquirera c&me pouring in hoping to find it an evil ruaaonf: 
but the diapinga of black which bong round his portnut in Uio 
cntr&Dce h&ll ooofinned the tidings before a word was uttered. 
Ho was left lying in the room where he had most truly lived for 
m&Qy yeftre ; for there it wa^ that thooe in need of succour, com- 
fort, or advice tad nightly nought him who bad never beeo 
known to refuae to listen to any story of Badness,or to help ao 
far as Lay in his power. He was not qnite fifty-eight, but hi» 
face bore the traces of unremitting labour, of earnest thought, 
and of a great weanne^, aa though the burden had proved almost 
too heavy for his willing shoulders. One glance at that de*r 
face arid it seemed Blmoat wrong to dare to sorrow, his burden 
had rolled from off hia shoulders so quietly and qoickly, one 
could only thank God that such an klc^ " crofising of the bar'' 
had been gr&nted to him. No sadn(«s of farewell, no waiting, no 
suffering ; on his table lay & letter to one of his boys, which he 
hod evid»it]y left unfini^ed when sleep began to assaO him. A 
few hours of tv^i. and then just as he was bnckling on his arr:>oiir 
to meet a new tlay of toil and iatmur. the quietest of calls, and he 
stood, farther perhaps from thoae left bore, tiut neaRV U> the God 
he loved most dearly of aQ. 

Nett day a hurriedly arranged service ttjok the place of the 
one he himself was to have held in the Polytechnic^ It wa« a 
corkiiu coincidence that he should hare chosoi u the hymn, " 1 
have entered the valley of blessing so sweet/' which mma 
aceoidingly sung. Every poet brot^t letter? of real Borro w ing 
letters tdling of help given, of impintkn reodved from hns. 
whilst the Pros notices wer^ of an appreciative aDdvann natrnv 
that showed how widely he had been loved aikd hoDOored. Aa he 
said of Queen Victoria, ^' Truly it is well to be ao spokn cf ami 
so mmrrl " The flowera that came wen but an added proof of 
the gap hts departure caused inoountkaa fives. Onawtvath waa 
sent by a dergyman at lEmMxmmo iascnbed. " To the Bojt' 
Friend. — From one who never knew him bnt who k>T^ him 
for his goodiiflB to the poor boys^" 

Op Weihasa^y bk fonml wnice waa hrid at AH Souls' 



THE CROSSING OF THE BAR 



871 



Oiun^b, Lan^ham Ptace, and tkfl he hod always expressed & 
great dislike to pomp and ceremony of bjij kind, it was as simple 
and quiet as possible. Nearly 200 wreaths, oto., made the 
church look more prepared for a wedding thou for the last ead 
scJemn aervice. Except for the mourners clad in black, and 
the grief written plain on ov&ryfacc, which aome times broke fotth 
in an audible Bob, the service itself eeemed rather triumphant 
and peaceful than sorrowful^how could it be otUerwiflo 1 The 
feeling eipresoed by Mr- Studd on the following Sunday at th& 
Polytechnic, when he auggested that the choir should close the 
Berpice^ which hod h^un with the Dead March in Saut^ hy Bingitig 
the Hallelujah Chorus, pervaded the air. ** You could not (Raid 
Mr Studd) '' end tliat life with a Dead March. Nothing can be 
too joyful or too triumphant to express our pride in our chief, 
vr our joy in his triumph. Lei us try to realize that this song 
is bat an echo of the triiiciphant welcome our beloved Preaident 
L0 receiving from hie Polytechnic boys at home." That spirit 
was present also in the church id spite of the unconquerabfe 
heartache in those left behind, the funeral marchc<i, tlic agony 
of the last sight of tlie conin as the bdorers ailently carried it away 
amidflt grief such as but. few men are ever honoured by^ for in alt 
that vast cone-ourse there was not one who was not mourning 
him as a pereonfLl friend- 
Outside the church as far as the eye could reach etcod a sombre, 
motionless, bareheaded crowd They filled the spoee in frorit of 
the church, they stood massed in front of Longham HoIpI. and as 
for ftBonecouldseeupPortlandPlflce there was an avenue of those 
who had come to pay their laat tribute of loving rcepect to him 
who never touched a life without making it brighter, better and 
nobler. As the hearse hearing the coffin coi^ered by a few of 
the flowers moved on followed by most of the congregations, 
the crowd fell in behind, marshalling itself quietly in rows of six 
or ten abreast- Thua the boya he loved epcorted him on hia way- 
They were all there, grey-headed men who hod been boys in the 
days of Long Acre, stalwart youtha of the Polytechnic of today, 
"Old Quintinions/* boya of the Day School — they were always 



372 



qUINTIN HOOO 



** bojfl *^ to lum* '^ We loved him, but it wmb oo^tiDg to hu 
vondfOQfl lore for qb" r&ck the inscriptioTi on one vrcatK, but I 
Uunk thfit ia that oortigCt "Q. H/* aaw the picture of ha life- 
loD^ devotion to others uid was satiated. 

After crem&tioa his &ahee were repUoed in the cof^ wui 
buried in the Mftrrlebone Cemetery At FinchJey, Now lhct« 
atuid^ at the bead of hio gr^ve a crow vith thi^ one vord on 

"Sftliaeed,"* 



in reference to the two texts-*" I aliall be s&tiafic^ when T 
AWftke with Thy likeoeas '* (Pb. xviL 15) uid '' My peopJe phuH 
be satibfied with My goodneeo. soith the Lord *^ (Jer. 
xzxL 14). On the followmg Sundaj, when the final memoruil 
serrioe w&a held at the Polytechnic, Mi. BlitcheU told the 
following touching little story : " I remember in the old davs, 
Jem HioboIlB, as wild a character aa ever one met, yet who«e 
heart had been softened and life changed by the gentle tMu^hmg 
of our founder. I leinember once saying lo him, ' Well, Jem, 
how are you getting along aow F ' and his answer, ' I have a tut 
of trouble in keepbig straight, but 1 thank God all is wpjl. You 
see^ I carry a photo of *'Q. H.^' with me always, and when- 
ever I am i«mpted, 1 just take it out^ and his look is a wonder- 
ful help, and by the grace of God I am able to overcome ftlL' " ' 

If only tiome of those in whose service Quintin Hrigg so gladly 
Hpent hirn>ietf carry hia portrait in their hearts and find it ''% 
wonderful help," then indeed the Polytechnic*B Founder will 
see the fruit of his work and be '* Satisfied " 

No more eloquent testimony could hare been given him than 
those crowds of uninvited moamera that gathered to bid him a 
last farewell, sOent witnesses to the magnitude of his work and 
the wide radius of hisinfiuent^. Of all those thousaDdBH there wu 



I 



' It woM vhftl Qtuntio Hogg had chcMiea {or Che spttdph on bu mother^* 

* A vuy bcAbtihil tributo to Quintin Hogj^t ]iie wm oq«« gi^ta hf 
a boy he wm to viflit on his deiih^bcd. Drflwing hii baiefuuir** lao* 
down nvu hin owa, Cho Isd whiaperal faintly, " J will lell JflBia about tba 
PvLyUMiLuiifi." 



THE CB(^mG OF THE BAR 373 

probably Boarce one whose life, diroctly or indireotly, had not 
ftt some period been influenced, enriched, ennobled by him. 
What man ever had a more enduring monnmeat than he has 
made for himself ; what man ever gave the world more lavishly 
of himself and all that he had, leavmg it so infiiiitely the richer 
for his example, so infinitely the poorer by hia loea 1 



THS XND 



374 



QUINTIN HOGG 



APPENDIX 

Ths following Bve addreaaea were wHlten by Mr. Hogg duiing 
the time he was laid up with a broken muscle in 1893. On 
Mondaj' ersninga he held a cIobs for both men and vromeo. and 
rather than allow thia to be neglected daring his enforced 
inaction^ he wrote each week a letter which was sent rotmd to 
every member of the clafis^ As it was a Gomewh&t ongin&i idea, 
b^ no means easy of fnlOment, the five addressee are given 
hero, in the bope they may prove of interest to some others 

Each letter began, ' ' My deor^ *^ and the heading and tdgpA- 

ture were Elied in by Mr, Ho^g personaUy, 



January 30. IftOX 

As we cannot meet together thin evening, it ha» occurred to me 
that I ioig;ht send you a few outlines which will, 1 trust, be miffi- 
ciently Auggebtive to give riae to heJpful tbou^hte in your owu 
mind. PerbbpB the very novi^lty of a closa without a speaker 
and with en audience of one only tno>y mako a not unvrclcome duuigc 
from our uaual cubtom. 1 am compf^lled to write this Tying on my 
ba4?k in bed, ao you lOTist excuae tny nritmg not being (jiiite Btnight, 
if it should turn out to be a little erratic. Aa 1 hare to write it eJl 
down* 1 must be short, so let vis Uike a short subject— Uie single 
word '*Come'' 

L Who mn«M ua f 

The Lord said "Com©.** Qeneais til I- 

The Revelation of Qod in the New T»tAment aaya " Come.** 
John vii. 37. 

"Come unto Me." Matthew li. 28. 

2. Who art <npitfd f 

You. "Come Thou.* Geo^ifl vii 1. 

Little chtldreii. Luke jcvlu. 15. 

"Any man . . . Come." John x'ii. 37- 

" Evory one . , . — Ccme." Isainh Iv, 1. 

3- Whot am J lo comt f<ir / 

(a] Life. — Life in the midat of dffltmt^ion — Come. G«nc«ii. viL 
Life abundantly — Come. John x, IC^ 
Life rTErlosting — Come. John vL 47. 
Have life — Como, John v. iO, 




375 



{h) Etgt. — " Qivd the« rfst-— Come/* Exodiie xxxiii. 14. 

■* / will ^To iheo rcHt— Come," Matthew ii 2B. 

"Quint r«8ting-pUoo '* — Como. Iw^iah xixii- 18, 
(c) food-— '^ Come eat-" Proverbfl it 6. 

'* My dinner "■ — Come. Matthew xzii. 4. 

■* Graat aiippHf *' — Come. Luke xiv. 17, IS, 
4. Whtn »haU I cotMf 

" All ready "—Come, Luke xiv. 17- 

" Come now." TsalflJi u IB, 2 Corinthianfl vU 2. 

"The iasX who of Scripture" — Come. R^vel&tian nii. 17. 

Ifi it me&nt for me in vary truth T 

^* Bo of good comfort, rise. He csUeth thee." Mark x. 49. 

{"I wiUariaeandgoto roy father/' Luke xv. 18. "Heroponted 
andwcnt." Matthew ud. 20. "Hecaraeto bU Father.*' Luke 
x:v, 20, 
" Th^ refuBed to h^Eukcin, and puH^d away the ahould^r. 
and stopped thctr cars tJiat Uiey siiould not hear, yea, they 
(h) made tJtelr hearts as an adamant atocti leet thoy ehuuld 
hear." Zeehariah vii. Ll, 12. 
Which reply do wo giveT 



n 

February G, 1803. 

Being 0titt laid up T am once more obliged to de1e>£ato my duIiL-a 
to tlie pcMtmaa and leave him to jimiide at ciiir Monday gatdeHng, 
He tells me that we had quite a n^oord numbor at tha ela^ laat 
Monday, over 120, wherooe our high-water mark previously waa 
eighty-Qv&. Ho telle mo moreover (hat aome were pnsQut who liad 
bepn absent for a very long time, and that he had aome at hia cla^a 
who were doing somotliing quite dilTerent last Monday evening. 
AitogethBr he was an excellent man that postman, and I am going 
to put the eama man on the job to-dav. 

Loat Monday we had a eingte word. To-day I cannot do with 
lesa than four< The pivot thought ia 

'*Tt thou hakst hwown." LuheKhc. 45, 

" Thf. darknesB fi<»nprthended it noC" John i. 5. 

Tlte efTmt of light ia to caet out diU-knt«fi, not to iniprove It. 
Th4> more light there is the r^rlher the darkness lias to By. and the 
more dearly tho evils which the darkneas hid aro revoalcd. Dark- 
oeea can never know anything of light, or it woiild tease to be dork. 
The nature that loves darkn^aa '^ hates tha light." John iiL 20. 

'* The natural man reoeiveth not the things of the Spirit." I Cor, 
ii. 14. ^* The Kod of this world hath biiruied the cyea ot them that 
believe rot," 2 Cor^ iv. 3, 4. If Di;r lives are evil, tliPn. " The whole 
body ehcOl be fiilJ of daikncaa," Matthew -n. 33. ''Take heed 



tliat the light tliat u in Ihee he not dArknesB ^' (Luko ri. 35), if 90 
'^ Kovr great ie tliat darlcncan " {Matthew vi 23]. Like the Egyp- 
tiari dArknoaa it " iiaa bt3 ftdti" but it makM aome lueru " past feelutg/* 
EphpRiana iv- 19- '*The darkneaa oamprohendH not" th& light, 
for " iheao things arc contrary tho one to tha otboTp" OaJatiooa 
V. 17. 

" ThB wortd knew hm not*' John i. 10. 

" Had they known Hijn> tliey wouJd not hflve crucified the Lord 
of Glory/' 1 Cof. ii. 6, But 

" The/ flaw no bpfluly in Him/' Taaiflh liii 2- 

Thay oocused Him of kmping bad companyt '^ a gluttoncufl mftD* 
and a wine bibber* a friend of tunnpra/' MatUienr xL 19. They 
accused Him of i^oranc& He '* never leftm(?d." John vii. IS. 
TJ107 aocuBod Hini of ooareonoos, "No romelinoBis." Isaiah UiL 9l 
They knew Him the " carpeater^a sou " but not the Bon of God. 
Hifi very miranT^^ were of thn Evil on^. Matthew xiL 24. Finally 
they mocked, rojocted, and crucified Him, ojid if a me^n told of Hia 
musioEi, they duvlared tliat it " was not fit tliat such & fetlcw should 
ltv«." AoU xxii. 22. But 

They did it "through ignoranoe/' Aota iii. 17. " Ignorantly." 
1 Timothy i. 13. '' They knew not whab tbey did." Luke xxiu. 34. 
Verily, " The world knew Him not,'' 

" On« teKom ye t^now not. John i. S6. and xxi. 4, 

Yet He stood amount tb«m. healing those who had need of healing 
thi^ Brother bom for advei^y. He waa ready to aav^ yet Umj 
knew Him not, jtiat «a they knew not that He waa the Uat Revottlsv 
who would stAnd among themr tliat the latcat a&oda of ihmi natioxial 
Ufe were running out. and tiiat some of those irtw were liaMninig 
would fieo their temple and city destroyed. 

How ia it with us aa we read this T H« b not *' tmt from ercry 
one of us." Ada cvti. 27. Yet do vc know Him and bear Hla 
footfall in our daily life, and lean on the strong arm m oar pWva of 
buauMBB T 

H« ■t*"At by you as you read thk^ WaQ jfom ew haTe to am^ 
" If / bad only known '' t Can it b« said now UmC ^' ftnx ^^a «« 
bolden and you know Him not " T Luke jorr. ]6« 

" {Juha) kiKW Him not." John L H. 

Yet because hs va« ready to know Him (see John viL 17. 
vv 9) into hi* darfcneaa the lifi^t thiou», And lumkediBtety ho 
wnl with Ui MV nviAation. lbs L%fat " ooold not fas bid." 
Vark viL St. " BahoU the Laub ct God vihkh tafcrtb away 
aiaa of the world," Joha i. 29. JcJio ki^w Hiwi at Ias4 E Tt 
^Bo MMi ou Mjtfaaa JsMiatbeLocdbatby tfaoBoly 
I OtnathMOS nL S. Har* you fot Ibii pmrf of kBovai 

- 1 knew Whom T Ut« belkmd." nja FmI. 9 TbMt^ i 1&] 
(Notk* FmI sKyu *-Wlnaw" bo* **ai Wbao"!, and tfas ^Ik4 «f ' 
tha kafrwlsdes was to rab life oJ all Imt a»i death tA all twrai; 



APPENDIX 



•n 



Ho waa poPBnaded Hiat *' neither doath, nor lile, nor thinpg present, 
ncT tliifi^i to Lome. nor liui^it. nor dt'jjili) nor any otJier c:t7alurti '* 
ooiild Bt^parate htm from tbb love of God. Romftna viii. 3S, 39, 
A lovo th&t calledkim "son.'' Roranns viii. 14-17. "Alovothst 
dJfd for liiro."^ Ronmns t. 8, Alftn that a-ay E}iouJd not know 
whar. God hath taught so clenrTy. HeroeTiiber it waa over thofle 
vho had Boon Hid miraaleA and heard Hia rooESBgo and looltod 
upon His facie that rejected love cried out, " Oh, if thou liadst 
known at least in this thy day the things thai belong unto thy p^ftoe, 
but now ore thoy hid from thine eyoo." Luke tit, 42, " But, 
belovifd, T am ptTbUAdad of better things of you and IJiingH that 
accompany aalvation." Hpbrewa vi. fi. " Tn know Thee the only 
truQ God and Jceun CiirlBt vrhom Thou hafit aont." John xviL 3. 
Do you kno^ Him T Here ore some aigntii Life^ Jolui xvii. 3. 
Ptace. Job xxil 21. Eatfut confidence. Psalm is. ID. Stmnf^h, 
Darnel ix. 2S. 

** It ye hioji' . . . happy are ye if ye do*^ John xiii. IT. It 
was only to thoFUt who " did " not, but workAd inii~|uity that Ho 
aaid, *■ I never kiiow you.*' Motlhew vii. 23. 

YoufB aff- 



in 

Felruory 13, l&fiS. 

T am going to take for our subject to-dby ^tojno Strijitiire uoiu- 
parisons, or let ua citll theno " ShadowB of good things " ^Heb, Jt. J), 
thrown on the Bihie page by the lantern of inspirtition' 

Oiir text, therefore, Bhall eonsist of two wordfl onJy, " ^5 and SO." 

'"As Mri^a lifted up the sorp&nt in the wiJdem««, &o must the 
Son of Man bo lifted up *' Jolm iii. U, U, 

" AatlicnihadtheLii'ved, 3o be it dune unto tliee,'* Mattliewviit. 13. 

'* Aa the hea^i^n is high above tho earth, So great is His m^foy 
towards them that fear Huoh^* Psalm ciii. 1 1. 

" Aa far as tlie east is from the wu«t. So far hath He removed 
our trarugi'esgionB from us/' i'salm eiii. 12. 

" As a father piticth hia children, go tho Lord pitleth them tJiat 
fear Him." P^lm cm. 13. 

" Aa one whom hia mother comforteth, So will I comfort you/' 
Isaialt Ixvi. 13. 

"As the Ijrldegroom rejoiceth over the bride, 8y Bhall thy God 
rejoice over th^e." Isoiah Ixil £>- 

^* Aa I have awom that the waters of Noah should no raate go 
over the eartli, So have I swoi'd Lliat 1 would ntjt he wroLli vrith thee.'^ 
iBaioh liv, % 10. 

" Aa the heaven? aro higher Uian Uio earth. So are Mywaya . . ■ 
and bhooghta tEian yours/' Isaiah Iv. 9. 




QUTNTINHOGa 



" Ab Q «ho«p bcrforo her ahegfof. is diiznbr So He oponed not Hi 
mouth." Iflaioh liii. 7, 

" A3 the Father hAtli \aveid Me, So IwTeT tovedycm.*' John xr. 9. 

'*As Thou boat Beat mo , . , So bavo 1 wmt Ui«m-" Jobn 
xvii. Id. 

" Ah he ia 1 , -u' u '» i t i. ■ i-r 

^ }in Ihis world. 1 John iv. 17- 

" As thy dAy. So Ahall thyalren^h be/* Deuteronomy xxziiL SS. 
" Ah ttie ritin coniflth clown tnim Haaven. «u ehaJJ My word be 
. . . not Totiim void.*' IsaUh Iv, 10. 

Thereto'^— 
" Ah every man liAth received. 6a let lilm miniHtcj the same one 
to another/* L Peter iv. 10. See Matthew l 8. 
'* Aa He ifl holy» So bo yo holy." 1 Peter i. IS. 
" As ye have received uf xifi how to pleaae Ood. Soaboimd fOOn 
and more," I Theaealoniaiifl iv. I. 

'* Aa Cliriqt forgavo you* So aha do ye." Ooloeaiaoa xiii, 13. 
" Aa ye liave received Christ. So valk in Hun." Cblosuana ili. IL 

The great itximing, 
'*Ab your tftthaf* did So do yo" (roeiattlte Holy Spirit). Acto vii, 61. 

The great t^impfA. 
"As the Father gav« me commandmeot, So do L" John xiv. 51. 

" Afl we were alloiv^ of God to be put in tniat with iho goflpal, 

So wo spealc'' 1 'DieKftaloiiianfl ii. 4. 

Our ttpty. 
" Af Tliovi hnat said. So miiHt we do." Esira i. 12. 

IV 

Ffbniary 20, 1893. 

OiiT' leading thought hut wcekwaa " Bible Comparisons." thia week 
it will bo '*God'A eetiriiatts** aaejipreesod iuSi^riptiue.sndDurceatral 
twct " Of mope vatrte.'^ Matthew ». 31. " Thou wast prwioua in my 
■ight." Isaiah xliii. 4. "HesparcdnotHiaownSoii." Romans viii. 34- 
" Gato Himself for lu.^' Tituall, 14." Gave Himaelf f or me." Galatians 
ii. fiO. " Hethattouchethyou, toueheththeappleof His eye." Zecha- 
riahxi.B. '^ Poculiartroaeure," EioduaTUf.5. '^Boughlwitha price." 
1 Corinthians vi, 20. " He takes pkaeure in them that foar Him." 
Peatm ciluii. II- "His jeweln " t*ppcift| trefiaum. sm margin) 
Malaehi ii. 17. "He dcepiaM not the . . . ooatritc heart/' PvUm 
Ii. 17- But payB attentiou to it, Isaiah Ixvi. S. Jolm iv. 23. '* He 
dtBpiaes not tho day of flmall Uiing*/* Zechariah iv. 10. " TiM 
eporro^Tfl sold lor a Farthing." Matthew i^ 20. '* Fitf9 sparrom 
Bold for two farthJitga." Luke xli. t. (Tl^e odd apfwrow thrtmn 
fn for nothing by man, ia not forgotten by God.) Re d^epiue not 
the " smokmg flax." Uaiah x]ii. 3. Nor oven a " grain '* of food. 
Amoa iat, 9. *' Ho comjta wisdom above rublee/^ Job xivii. IS. 
*^ Thfl prinripnl thing/' Prnvprbs iv. 7- 



n 

J 



^^ 



APPENDIX 



379 



Thf. mma of Zvm an pretioua, LiLinfntatiorm iv- 2. 

Tlioir red^raptiCTD woa precious- PBalrii xlix, 3. 

Built on pfpieJoiiH foundation, 1 Pet^r ii. 4. 

Their blood is procIouH. PHolm Izxii. L4. 

Tiicir leara are collected, r^oliu IvL 8- 

ThQ trmi cf T.huiT faith is preciiiiis. 1 Peter i, 7 ; MalacM Hi. 3. 

Their gifts are precious. Mark ziv. 3, and siL 43. 

Tlieir prayen- H^^velation v. St and viii. 3. 

Tlipir death ia pfci'iouH. Psalm cxvi. 15. 

The etofe of a good roan ore noted by God. 
Job Kxiii. 10. 

On thf. oifter hand — 

H& eomitfi Uio utlea *' a very little thing," 

He carea doL foi vaki oMalioju, Ir^aiali i. 

Nor for empty faste. Isaiah Jvii. 5. 

Nor for hoUov giftn. Ildaj'k eLi. 41^ 44- 

Nor for riohoA. Job xxxvi. 19. 

Kur for imvilling eervjus. Job XVu 2. und 2 CoriiilliianB tx. 7. 

Not for bodily stnmifth or beeuly. Piwlmoilvii. Il}.and Samuel 
ivi 7. 

Nor for pofiiUnn. Matthew xxii IS and Acta vi- 34. 

Nor fercmpty proit<«a iona . Luke vL 46. 

Wtiad then shall a ixum ]{ivo in excliaiigo fiir hie own aoul T 
Matthew xvi 25> 



Psalm xxxviL 23: 



Isaiah xl. 15. 
11-10. 



February 27, 1893. 

Our ptvot te:rt to-day shall be an an;;; J'a ^ag. '' Unto you ia 

bom a Bavwi^r. Luke jj. 11. 
Ym, " uAo yoiL" 
'* 1 am ^vith thee to save ihec" Joremiah xv, 20, 

Who H fit ? 

"I flin thfl Ijird thy God . , . thy Saviour. . , . Beaide Me 
there ib no Saviour." iBaioh xliii. 3-11. 

'^ A just God and a Saviour. . , . I^okonto Me And beyenaved/* 
IsAiah xlv. 20. 22, 

Will you please RpecittUyncFtice that it is not Christ who comOB to 
save UH from God'a wrafh. On the contrary, CLu^iet only cnioe aa a 
TiianifestHtioD of God the SavioTir. the sainf^ God who n^ade u«, 
and loved ns from eternity, and who lo\Fea ije to-day tvell onougl] 
to pour nicoAdf out again onto death for ua if we needed it> for Be 
changes not. He \» thp everlanting Failier and it \a He who seekh 
and savee. The Biblft ia very empliQtic on this point. *' The 
only wise God our Saviour." "I, the Lord, ara thy Saviour and 
Ihy BedeemBT." Isaiah sclii. 2fl- *' Thou ehaltknow tio other but 



3M 



QUTNTTN ffOflS 



M*, for there k no Saviour b««Jd? Me," Hosna Tiii, 4. *" We tmst 
in ihe living Cod . , . tVio Saviour of all.'' I Timofliy iv. la " God 
wae muLifml In th« fl»b , . , preAchrd luitD the GcDtHni. believed 
on in the world, recfiived up into glofy.*' 1 Timothy iii. 10- 

It is tliorofoTe tho t7ti>maL Croator Uiiuself who ie our Saviour, 
the Omnipotfinb aoLin:^^ of eW thlaga. He ifl thorefflTe kbAo to 
HBV^— in a word—" Iz is God that jtistifletht who Es hit that oozi- 
demneth f " Ronuina viii 33< Notice noxt what H« fiavea ua trom, 
and notice that it ja itttia our bLub and not from the resuJte of Ukotfft 
nins that H& ftav«. Which do you wiah to be quit of, th^ sm or its 
poxtifihnient T 

1. He *ovw u* /row ow *HM. 

•* Ho ahall save His people from their Bine,"* Mntthpw L SK '* To 
blSHB you in taming c^voryone of you from your iniqoitiea." Ax;ta 
liL 26. '^ Ho gavD Himwlf Ihrfct Ho nii^b rodeent u« from ftU 
iniquity,'' Titus ii. 14. 

5. Frctn ercetfive temptation, 

"Able to Bucccut thciu that are tempted," Hebrewa iL 1& 
'* WiU noti fmffeT you to be Uunpted above that ye areable." 1 Corin- 
tiiiann x. 13. 

3* From our corcj. 

" Casting all your can* upon Rim for Hn cnn*tli for yoo-" I Prten- 
V, 7- '' Be corefuJ for notKiftg^ - . . The p««ce of God shall ke«p 
your hoiarta." Philemon 4. 

4- Froiti irouhlea. 

"Thou flhalt preserve me ffora troublef," Peahn xziL 7- 

6, FT<tm hi^ndog^ 

*'l will hurst thy bonda Miind^T," NaJmm i. 13, "Thou hut 
looaed my bondfl." Poilrn oxvi. 16. 

6, From our erumica. 

" Baved from oui eriemlea." Luke i. 10-TS. 

1. From oiir feart. 

" Ho delivered tos from all my foara." Paalm xsxiv. 4. '* Not 
afraid for iJie terror by niglit." Psfihu xeL fi, fl. " Dtliver th^rm 
who through fear, . . . were aubject to bondage." Hebrowe li 
14, 15. " Fear not." Isaiah xliit, I (arid tn ten other plaoes in Is&ioh 
alone ). ** Fear not,^^ to diuciples Matthew nviii. 5 ; Luke Jtli. 32^ : 
to BheplierdH, Luke ii. 10 ; to Paul, Acta iivii, 24,; to John, 
Bevolation i. 17.; to Potor, Luko v. 10. 

Whoui does He bavu 1 

Thu !^nt. 

" That wiitch waa loflt.'* Lukc xix. 10, and xv. 3, ^ '* I wfll ee«k 
tltat »hii'ii wa* lost . . - driven «way • * » broken . . . aiok." 
Ewkfel xiiiv. ll-lfl. 

*' Ho came to aave Blimera.'* 1 Ti^iiothy L 15. " 1 come . , . 
to call . . ainnera." Luke v. 32 : nee Luke zvlii. (^14. 



APPENDIX 



3B1 



I 



7*« TifTpJcae, 

' My gra<:e is HufGcient for thaa, fcjr My strength is made p«rf«r't 
in wookuMB/' 2 Corinthiane liL 9. "He giveth power to tht* 
faint ... to them tliat fiove no might/' lesiah xL 29^ " Tlioae 
that had n?ied of healing," Lukfi ix. 1 1. 

The ii^U world. 

"He ia the propitiation . ^ , for the eins of the who!? v^rld/* 
1 John ii. 2. " The Saviour of The wnrM.*' 1 John iv. 14, *" Hiifl 
is tndood the Saviour of the world," John iv. 42. 

When dots Bt oatx f 

" Now.'* 2 Corinthiana vi. 2. " A VBiy preftent help." Fudm 
irlvL 1. 

Freely, arul by Hun«elf, "Thy right Hand" (paved), PBalm 
xliv. 3, "According to Hia mercy He saved," Titua iiL 5. *" It 
\s the i^ of God." Eplicfliana ii, B, 9- " See the eAlvatioa of Ood> 
, , . He shall fight for you," EnoduB xiv. 13, 14. 

Why doci He Mwe f 

Because He lov^ us. '* Cod eo loved the worM." John iii. 16. 
'^ In tills was maiJfestcHi the love qF God tijward us/' 1 John 
iv. 8, "His great love wherewith Bo loved ufi-" Ephefiiana il, 4. 
" According to Hia grace" 2 Timothy L 9, 10> P<^ nlpo the Biity-Fix 
books wMch form the Librfi.ry which we call the Bible* and whLoli 
ooofltitnle God's Love Story. I,et tm think of otir own selfiih 
livca and Hb wonderful Hclf-Baorif^Tv and thank Rim 

"With lips tliati can only tremble 
With the thoakn thoy cannot 4pi>&k/* 

" Hovf Thau panflt kive nut aa Thou doat 

And he tJio God Thau art. 
la cjarkuQOB tu my inteUuct. 

But aunnbirie to my henrt." 

" Verfly he that loveth not knoweth noi God— for God ta Love," 



A oirctilar Utftr to themetnhtrfiv}ritten in I8S3 prior to thecarnmma- 

mmJ of the sfries of addresst^ a/feru^ards puhliahed tu " Tho 

DaydaiK-n of ihe Tart/' 

Chavj^os Hottbf, Cavg:ni>I9H Bqca&bi, 
Jartuary 11. 1S83. 
Mv DEAD -Sra, — 

I have oft^n been aaked by Rome of our members huw e.ad 
when tlie Bible waa coinpiJ^, and who it was that fiist claimed 
inspiration for the varioua authora whose writings ere eom- 
prificd in the saered volume. In reply to auch queations I 
have looked in vain for ai:Ly book giving in a reaeonably popular 
form thJB informatton, which certainly ought to be within the reach 



332 



QUiNTlN HOGO 



of evfrry one do^irmg to a&?eruin on whtti groundB wl to iriiftt 
eictent the BibTe curi b^ irf«ted a& tti& word of God. I fed sure that 
were Uiia knowledge mora Acp&««ibte to Ihe general r(«der it vould 
do t^oa.t' good in two wBye. In tho drst place it would prevent the 
dLriatiari froia claiming for the Bible on abeurd ejid untenable 
poBititin, whil^ in the second pl&oe it would cause many who now 
doubt its authority to study rts pag« tvith ravcrvitice and profit. 

Anoblmr Impurtant point ia to know Lbe LntcDtione of the men 
whoflewordB^reintheEJible, i.e. theapecialniu they were endeavour- 
ing to oaxrect, and the circumatancee in which both thej and thoir 
boarera wore placed when tiie inesdagL'* by which we are called upon 
to rAp;iitflt« our ]ivi?fl wern first delivered. 

Difficitlt OB ouch a toak muiit neceaearLly be, I have determined 
on Sunday next, Jajiuary !4> to vommence a cotjr^i? during which 
I shall endeavour in soroe mfA»ure, and t^i the befit of my ability, 
to go ovoe with our EelbwH botli of theee littlo-troddwi grounda of 
Scripture. 

In the firat reading T inteod to try to B^tTe with yciu exactly 
what we mean by ** inepiratioD," and then in the foUowmg readings 
to trace very briefly the history oE both the Old and New Teetamentfl 
aa we now pogaeas them, ahowing how and when they took their 
present ehapet and by whose autliority eome books were adxnittod 
into the Canon wiiilc others were excluded. So soon aa we have 
f!OtnpletfKJ this general aurvf^y, I purpose taking the Bible book by 
book, devoting one aftcimoou to each, and stalLng briefly what ia 
hnowu of ita authorship and hiatory, the circumstancea in which 
it waa written, and the general scope of ita teaching. 

It would he afFectation to pretvnd that in euch a course we caa 
keep alto^ctlier clear of diapuled ground; my endeavour howovir 
will be to confine myself bb murh ba pomible to facta wliicb aro 
admittod by roaaonable men of all partis, and wliite Hieering clear 
of that sceptical spirit which daubt« (or the sake of doubtintra to 
avoid also the equally Eooliiih bigotry which would deny to reason 
her proper place as the sole and only poeeible judge ot reveJati^i, 

I write to you because 1 tliink the subject must be a deeply 
interesting one to you ae wtll as to others., and also to ask you, 
if ynu do Bttend, to come as regularly and punctually as pceejble, 
as in euch a course one lecture must necceearJy depend very much 
on the argum^Eita used and facta adduced in its prede«^wra, 

I am ffure I need not ask you during this new year to do mH 
that Itce in your power to make th» Institute a succ^ea, both id its 
educational, sovial and moral work, and to strengthftt the banda 
of those who have the hurtten of tt on their shoqld^ra by yonr 
inflneni;e and ptayore. With kind regards* 

Yours sincerely. 



APPENDIX 



383 



Ths New Year" $ IrUfr for lB8fl*fni to aU themembcrg. 
5. Cavendibh Squarb. W., 

Jm^uary I, ISBG. 
MV DBAR Bov, — 

(I hopp that whatever ynur *^fl, or howpvRr Hhort your 
niembBrehip, I ma^ b« allowed to use our old U^rm of ftddrece 
without offcDce}, I waot to l&ko the only men&s open to me 
to wish you a bright and Iwppy tipw year, and to win if I can 
from you, a prayer and soniething more lor tlio Institute to which 
ve botli belong- I do not propose aaying much nboot tho year 
which for good or ill hn* juBt left ua, but rathwr to aak you to cnn- 
Bjder, standing on the thrc^ioid of 1^86, if we c&onot all of us do 
vomcthing more now than wc have done in the pe«t| tow&Tda 

'* Haking the world arovmd am 
Th* bott*r bPoiMiPo we live," 

It IB but dreary work to dwoLl on poj^t railuroQand BhcTtcomlngs, 
and tti^ dead paat might well bo left t.a bury li-a dead wore it Dot 
for its awful power of r«Burr«ctioii in ita uiflo^nca en the preflcnt. 
We ahall, all of us, rcaha« more or teca this ii«w year that we are 
roapiHg the reeulu of Hctd sown long ago, but vhaM we li*i equally 
POfiHoiouB thftt we are alill sowing for liarvfeta which we rauflt gathw 
in yeoM tt> oomB T 

" Oitr MtiofUi tTATfi] with ua from afar. 
Aod what we have been mfikea us what we arv/* 

Blay we not wp!1 p&UA^, thorefor^, at etich a time as tJuB, and ash 
ouraelvt^ wE^t khid of 8»d we afo sowing, and wlxat manner of 
harvest that will be oF which we ahall be at once the fruit and the 
bjuebandutc^n T 

It would be Bod enough were oiir own livce the only onee whieJi 
nufTc^i^ from our dutica biding Inft unduiii?, but a man'H heart may 
■ure!y grow sick with fear or swell with hope as he remombora tho 
far-reaching power nith which be ia endowed — fearful — if tho 
hiinying hoiim are bearing away a rtwxjrLi of temptationn Tinresist.ed 
and lAlfjinls unused eicopt perhapa for evil — hopefut — if h« be 
conscioiiB of victory in the great warfare between good and evil, 
right and wrong. 

Ft ia mainly b^canae I want to ask all nf you to take a more decided 
part in thie strugg^le. that I pen this letf^^r to you- We all ma^ 
do BO irui:h. we, niany of ue, do ao hltle — will not the vo:i« of oar 
brothers' blood cry out againsl ua if we ept^nd in tnfUng or indolence, 
tune which might he made fruitful for God and man I I do pray 
that the burden of tlie Lord which reatni on the prophets of old — 
the «en&e of our brother's need — may so presa on our hearta. that 
every life of am and shame may become vocal with a pfTaonal 
call to UB> Not in acorn, but in brotherly pity we niay share tuch 



3S4 



QOINTIN HOGG 



& burden if we approach it in the Epirit of Him whose nAme we hbmr 
and whom w^ profess to mtvo. At lean do tiot let j/our life be barren 
this new yeat ; will ^ou not try to do if it be t>a^y oca thing each 
day vhich will lightea ihe sorrow or bTighten the path of tome onr 
leca blest tbon yoursnlf, Thinlc how imidi you might do even in 
the Institute. If it has b«en of aay servioe to you, can yoa not 
add tc it« iiB'>fulDc^, raiao ita tone, influoD^ its nof^iubcr^ liU the 
bLewing of the patriarch bpcoinee yoiuB ? '' When the eai hpard me, 
then it blceaed me ; and wh^n tho ey& aaw n>e it ^ave witneca to 
m« ; becauee I delivered the poor that cried, and the iatherleoa. 
and liini ihat had ncme bo help tiinu Tbehlefiaiiig of hun tliaL w»8 
read^ to perish came upon n\», and I caused tJje wido^r'a be&rt to 
aing for joy.'* J want your help — want it badly — in the SundAj 
aflernoon service. 51r. Paten wanta it in the eveiung, and if haHi 
these tiin^ are really occupied with other work, then there are the 
nuniberloBs opportonitiee far p«?ona] udluoncc htcrallj er&irrUng 
in upon you every evening. Could you not comcentrate your efTon^ 
on some one section and do what Jiee in you to make it a fiuMwas 
aooiallj, in-teUectualty. moraUy t Depend upon it your highcet 
Ikoppintes can only bo found ia ifivino, andthersie no Kifthka giving 
oneafjf. Not to dend another, but to go youraelf Ib God'i mriiMfiH 
to you tliifi new yoar, ahatl it find '* no room " in your heart, oa ila 
great author did wlien He came to earth long ago f 

It may be tliat yon will tell m& that your own life is not such 04 
would warrant your becoming a helper oE othora. If this be aq 
then uilIfixI there lb urgent need for a new life ae well ae a new 
ypor. What haa Bin ever done for you that yon ^ould loi** it 
and eacriEco to it your beet ytata ! Will it not rob you of your 
strength and drag your maiilicDod in the du^t and finally Irave 
you to Bland branded with ItA cursed reeulta in the preeenoe ol 
God t Vos indeed, it baa prowd *' a liar from tho bcfjjniungt" 
aod no man evor preferred a Barabboa to Chrint without finding 
that he had deAired a robber to be di^livered to him. But T would 
rather put the matt^jr to you in a more unseLfifih tight. Have 7011 
leamwl how deep and true God's lai''e is to you T Have you tfaonght 
how year after year His heart has tong^ and y«med after yov* 
loving you in epite of your em — bearing with your baohalid^ip* 
raoonuuKOvcr your failuree, pouring iteelf out, as it were, untodt^tll, 
that it might win you to purity and truth T Have you wmndavd 
what it is to turn your back en such goodness T to wound it by 
negloQt T to cruoify it afrealj by rejection f Have you rriinem- 
berwl that this love, this goodn^tMi. this unchanging, unawfrvin^ 
«elf-eacrifico ia the Father j tlie God whom Christ h>s revealed 1 

Dear fellow, the cherac1«r of God u the OospciL, for no one y^ 
over touched tiie h>!m oF Hin carment — none ever admitted to his 
lieart the faintest echo of that loving Voice, but was bowed down 
vrith sham» and self-reproach at having done so litUe and reoeivod 



APPENDIX 



385 



so mui^h. Come thon thu n9w yfior. if you have D^ver done oo 
before, to tha PuUtcr. ^r>ur Father, your Redeciner, aud m tbe [ireaenoe 
of the Crofifi, where Hie love to you was manifeattHi and His natun* 
Oitmi cl«ir]y revwUed, gain an inspiffttion which aiiall enable you 
to Uve IV life ajchibitine BOm^lung of l.he rwl&emiEig power of tke 
Croflft of ChriBt. Come, do it now, fold up thia tettor wid shut to 
your door and enter into that commiuiioQ with yotir Father wher» 
no earthly witueva slud! intruiJoi and th? y^ar of grace ISS6 shall 
show that He has rewarded you op^nly^ Chooee ivmr. aTid choose 
rightly. Do you remember what Lowell, the lateAmericau Ambas- 
sndor over h«re smga ? 

" Onca to every nmn and nation comes the momrtnt to deolde. 
la the Btrife of Truth nith f ulaehood. for th? ^ood or evil dde ; 
Bame grwt OauH, tJod^A K«w Mveaiah, vBvtiag eecb tho bloom or 

bhi^hb, 
Porta tho goata upon (be left hand and fcha fih«ep upon th« right. 
And iha choioa goee by for civ 'tirixt th&t dAfkufHa And th&t Ugbt." 

Tliat your choice may be for righteouaopfla tTus uew yetat, nod that 
your life may win the " Well done '* of oup pommon Fallior la 
the eamcct prayer o( one who deairoB to ^iu the right of eigning 

hinuw if 

Tour effect., 

QvTurmr Hooo- 



A UiUr 8vn£ to all tht riKmbers at Chrislmtu time 18B7- 

B, CAVBNOmB SQOAKR, 

Dsiomtn^ 22, 1587. 
My deak Bor, — 

I am half afraid that to aome this terra of addrefta may 
aoem atrange, but I cannot bring myBelF to '* Dear Sir" thoee 
whom I never think of oxci^pt aa FrieudB, and after all it it wvlt 
For ufi to keep our hfartii and laces yuimg as long as we coeu 

I WB£ glad to find that my medical man aJlow^ me to etay in 
England over Chriatmae, ae I £adly mis th^ social meetiu^ of 
thia aeaaon whisn I am abroaii. This year T was anxious to make 
our Chriatmaa gathering aa eomplete and family-like as poesible, 
aad aOr after conEultation with our Council and with their approval, 
I an&nged to change dut usual ** Socml " into tvo coav?rsa£JoneB, 
to be held on January 4th aud &th reepectively, and to one or other 
of which evory member should b« invited with a friend. I wish 
we coukt have had all our membere on both f<venitiga. but. after 
carefully considering it. we earoe to the eoiu^lusion that the 
Dumberp of tha aEesmbly would be beyond the powers oven of our 
elafitic Poly, walla tO accommodate without eerious dibconifort. 
Yon will find your invitation encloaed, and T hopE> you will be able 
to be present with us. The evening will be eaaontUdly a Bocial onr, 




33S 



QUINTIN HOGG 



varioua ent^rtainineiita wit] be going on in difTereiii parte ol 
Institute, and the gymn&diuiD -trill be devote to proroeowlfr 
rofresluai>nt4, eo ae to *fIord opportunity (or intercourse beCweca 
the old trieoda who wiU, 1 boptr. luet^ in eurh numben oetomsko 
tt "a nJgbt lo bo rwuemherod " throughout the new jf*r^ Mjr 
Llbvsa ha« B^pfixatcd ine «o mnoh frora you ^ during tb« poet tvni 
or three jvats, that il will give me no oniAll pleaauru to hnv« tlw 
ehacce of shaking hnnds with yen ODd Toun, AQd wi&hicg you 
Ood-epwd as you atep mUt 1KS& 

Tho Tuore you leom to n^gud th? Insiilute as b second hunv» 
and ihoae you meet there ae m^mberfi af one family, bound t^ 
youreetf by inemari«« of kindriees and aBtction givm and rco^ir^il, 
the mora EuUy will yoo reoliie the deairtc of my hooit for the jJaoe, 
I want to see ita tone, ita uiHtrui-tiDn. iu Christunity, sut^h as yoo 
E:an be proud to endorse, an echo of that City whoee walle ftra 
Baj^-atioQ ami whose gat«a frre Fr&JBe, Help ub, dear boy. in tliia, 
recogcuLe lit the Poly, a p1s«e worth helping and improving, and 
thea coma among na at onf New Y«&r'B gathermg, that you may 
look with a r«w tore on the faces oF tho«e whoee rnleeiDed hrea 
ahall^ by God'ti grace, be yuiir crown of rejoicing iu days to i>anie^ 
What more can I say as I wieh you a bright Bud useful new yotf, 
except to put my hand in yoors and let my heart Gnd its utteranev 
in the words of the good old Book, " T^p Jjjrd blfHs thee and 
keep thee. Tho Lord make Hin face to shine upon thee, and b« 
gracious unto thee ; the Lord lift up the light of Ria count^'nance 
upon thee &nd give thee pKia.ce." 

Ever your affee- 

A oircular letter io the members, 

Ftbntary 16, 1888. 

Kt DEATt Boy, — 

I have put two notieee in the first number of the Pol^. 
Afagacine on which I desire to flddreea you eacj] peisonally- TIm 
f\m refers to the Sunday afUmooii cUas. and the second to 
the i3Jble and Prayer Union, by which ve mean to try to draw out 
fellow? a little closer together in thought and sympathy if poaaibJe* 
First, as regi&rdfl the ciasa. I have been \'ery much encouragid laie^ 
by the increaning internet ehcwn in this, and our uumbera have beeu 
growing till they promise, in the ncAT fuluret to attain their old 
proportions. I want to secure your help And co-opeiratiion to thm 
&nd. In old days th& Simday Bible C1h<a woa the one plaoe wher« 
membera felt sure of meeting their friends, and of course every 
moinbpr who eo«ipe r^'jiultirJy doea soniothiiiE to restore the broUjerlj, 
loyal feeling wliich used to form svch an element of strength to 
ua in days gone by* You probably also knovr of eome who 



APPENDIX 



flfit 



go nowliore dm F^unlivy. auiI vIio never give theinnHv*wi the cliance 
of hearing the Rtory of the Et^rnaJ G<M>dnr?as. Will you not make 
an effort to bring such fellows under i^ood influenced^ and to ahov> 
b<]th by your cotuuie] and exikmple, how rimcli you value the active 
Christi&D spirit vhirh we wish to ppf*vad& all our work at X\\v< Poly, T 

On Sunday SSth I propose commenciiig a fleriee of Tcadings on 
Paul, and it may be tliat the Fact of our reiidiiigB taking the form 
of a coELSeculJve f^ourse will incTEoae and Bustflin the interest felt 
in them- It will be a happy thought for you when ycni leave ua, 
if yod have the ooiLecioaeiMSB that you Imvo given iikon> than you 
tave receive at the Poly., and have left your mark for good on 
those you have laet thpre. Lei mo commend thia Bftemoon Horvioo 
to you tlierefurn for Ijelp and prayu ; Ihe fiKtreme hnporlionce of 
reaching the hearta aikd livira of all our ftiUows, and bringing them 
to know and lovo the door Father^ whiJe yet tJieir iivw aro unwaatod 
and their liabita Linformed cnuat be my excuse for writing you aa 
T do. You can do no nobler work for God than to influence far right 
and truth the young manliood around you at the Institute. 

For the dotaila of the Bib]e und Prayer Union 1 must refer you 
to the enelosed paper. Will it not be a help to yon to know that 
hundreda of hearts are bowed in prayc*r every day asking a bk-BBtng 
on your life Hmuiig otliers, and joining llieir voices to youre in one 
united pet-ition to Him who " giveth liberally," who '* gave Hirnnelf 

Dear Inatilut* boys, "Let ub pray-'' 

Ever your after,, 

QUINTIN HOOO' 



Jn fJke Naut Yfar'^ nttmber of the Poly. Ma^asine for lSd6 a 

pcrtrail of Mr^ Hagtf v.-a9 publieh*d ufilh this " meatagt " 

umJEmniiA it ; 

" It needa not^ I hope, any worda of mine to aeauro our boys 
of the continued intereHt I take In all that concerns cur Institute 
and ita raembere. If thirty-one yeara of my life mainly spent in 
their Bcrviee fail to do this, no mere verbal aaeuranccji ore likely 
to avail. It hoe long been my privilege to be able to look upon 
hundred! of our membera aa frienda and co-workera oa interei^ted 
BB I Diyvclf could be in keeping alive all that is beat and worthicat 
in our Institute-life. I pray tiieiefore that God may blera each 
one of you in tliis New Year, and indeed it ia within the power of 
each of ue to make that blceaing our own by striving as far as in 
UB Lee to brighten th& livee and cheer the hearts of those around 
UH, May we each walk through the year aa though we believed that 
it waa more blceaod to give tlian to receive, more blcoaed to tcooli 
than to learn, more blessed to hulp than tu be helped. That is 
tb« spirit we want to animate and grow strong in oxic Pci\3 , tcf^*. 



38S 



QUINTIN HOGG 



find wtiinh vQl bring forth fmit vhich a netfith life esn never give, 
and the reoarring ^a&re can nover toko awdy,"* 



Ctrct4Jar teJter for 1903 — fA« la«i me^jt^ kc urote to ona 
anJ df/ (i/ Aw boys. 
Tbe POLVTECItVlC, DM«n6fr 31, 1902. 
My DBAS , 

I tun afraid I must aak you to fill in tbe mMJng oune, for 
our numbets are eo vaet eair that no one brain or pec can 
qail« de«J irith our proecrtt joembership, ee 1 <^ould vitb that Oif 
aquaji«T of a ceatijry ago. vh?:n to be a Poly, boy tnfAot iDcIiuiDc 
in a familyt alm<Mt pvery mt^nibAT of vhich knev tho other by name, 
and covnled him trit^ud. Thie vary tact bowevef icolcfle it ih* 
more needful for each of lu to do what lies in hia poiver to nuU^tv 
thoAO disadvantage^ whinh are bom of our very suoeen ; ajid upon 
notiie do«e thia duty disvotve more than upon myeoU. I feel it inll 
be Romo liitla link betweiMi ua if you have hangiikg to your boon 
or digcriig^ A reminder, however smaD, of a place vhich it is alv«ji 
my dream to make homely, at any i-aie, jf it uaiuiot reach the roettsun 
of a setond home. 

t am §ending ynu hert^with therefore a eaid bearing a vord of 
Qodapoed for the comirif^ ye*r. I cannot hope to eoy it to csfh 
perBona[l3^ so let me do bo in a fa^on which vdll, I trusty repeal 
the wieh each morning and whisper it afresh oar^ evpning. New 
Year's w»bes inuet be in a ni«fleure commoi^placer though they 
nood not be on thAt account inainccrc ; and iliat man miidt he oaUouB 
indwd who can look day by <iay into the Swrt^ of ttioee who at once 
eonalitute and brighten our PoL5\life, without defiirmglheir welftA 
with an eameetnefifl which wo English find it diFHctdt to cixpnen 
in words. 

1 know there are but few of us who will crow the llinshold of 
the new year without making eotno new resolution — eome frcab 
promiHe to ourselvea and God — to conqiKr where wb have EaUed. 
to help where may be we have hindered in tbe past. There It 
fitrcn^h in comr&df?^Kip, encouragement in oampany. and it h«a 
D(!Ourn^ to ine that many might be glad to meet on tlic fit^t Sunday 
of the New Year At that ftervice from whioh the Poly. itseJf haa ^mm^ 
and there to kneel with their fi?Uow members in a ^lemn eonfeoBion 
of the unworthine^ of our pm^ and an oameet prayer for a tru^r 
life in 1903. In this hope I propose to suspend neit Sunday, 
January 4th, the lantern aervice oourse on the OwnerBhip of FalcetLuer 
and to hold an boui*s eervioa, coimuen^ing aa ustial at 3. 30 preciacdy* 
which wlTI r1[il at being speeially flniifible la the fn^ Sunday of 
the opening year. I know of course that many will not be able 
to be with ue, but there will etill I hope be a larpe number who, 
even at the coat of some little ineonvenience, will make thia meeting 
by thoir attendanee a dietincTive and helpful Poly. gatJfccruig, 



J 



APPENDIX 



3M 



U it Jiee in your pnitwOT lo do this I diall be glad. Our country, 
OU7 Inatitiitfl, our livee, all need oiir prayer, for " Uie bitting of 
the Lord it muketti ridi» and Hp ftdilnih no sorrow with ii." That 
this h\&s^ir]g may be yfvura in tlie coming ytar And the yoare to 
com© is tite hearty ^viali ol 

Toura BuictTolyt 



A prtfaet to *' Soaal Centres of London." a handbook issued by th« 
^"Reception Hurtau" «n 18Q2, and A«ad«d "A WordtttlheNew Vorrnr." 

'BcTodotus. the father of history, has a beautiful lf>gend of how 
when Hi:'rcrLi|i?fl v/aa quite a young irifin lie came one d&y to a placo 
"whens two roods m^it, and saw atAnding there a coupje oF k-malo 
flgoros. One of th^m t«as drcv^sod ir\ puro ivhite, and flf]on« with 
tJ^e beauty of hohnofe, wl^ile tho other waa tricked up in garish, 
lawdiy gornieiitA. and fint addreaaed the h^On ** Come with me,'^ 
she said, "and I will give; you all thut ynii can ask for or d^ir^ 
You shall gratify your lust and satUfy your decire for drii:vk> and 
have eoae and 0&tl(^tyT and yon ahfdl Jive the BUtnmer day through, 
and flink to sleep at night, fanned with breezea heAvy wiih the 
odour of Bweot flowors — Horcul^. come with mo ; come end feoat I " 
*' And what is your name, maiden f " aekcxi U»e lioro. " My n&me," 
she said. '' U Pleasure, though men have cullfd rae Vice," And 
while fehe was epeitking there carae frotn the lips of hep compamon 
anotbeir and o truer call, ** HerculeE,*^ elie said. " I will oRer you 
no harvMt un]«t« yon have pravioualy aown it. no pJeanuTH that jou 
iiave not fairly earned. If you would have your name great ui 
Greece you must do great deoda to deoorvo it. 1 oHcr you, not 
leiauro, but work ; not selJiish enjoymtiut. but adtAe tvelf-Aarridre. 
Live to do right, HercuJes. and leave tlie rest to God.'* And then 
Hcrodotufl narratce how tha mythical hero turned his back on 
FliNiBiire, and followed tlie pure call tif duty througli a euccesdion 
of labours wliieh liave m^de hia itrunn immortal. 

Not a few of thmo for whom thia volume ia compiiwi will be 
etandinguttliftt patting of tlieroadailcwiTibiid by Lho Greek historian : 
to yi^ld IS so eaay, to 

'^ hsfl on stepping AUmea 
Of our dead eeWev (q nobler tlunga " 

r» oft«Q »o hard. What wonder if many, after a few half-hearted 
(leflt give up the eontest, ond go with the stream. Yet 
need nut be ao. " T thought," wrolt? a Christian tnoUii^r to me 
a few waek^ ago, rejolring over Ihn letteiM s\iq wo* g'-tting from iier 
Adot ** I thought I waa sending my boy to his ruin whfn he inaistnl 
lOTi going to London, but now T tliajik Qod tliat he over went to lltu 
Polytechnie," 

Of ooiiroe if a raaa ia diTterminod to chooao evil and forgot hia 




Sdo 



QUTMTN HOGG 



pure country home : if the remembnuioe of hia motlier'a last good- 
by. and thj> promptinga of his better tiature are to count for nothing, 
no out«icIi^ inSuence can be of &ny Bcrvic<r to him. There are bat 
fen. I bnut. who com? uuder this category' Most meti Btvrt 
d«airijTg to do right, and amongst the coatroUlng faftATH of ttwir 
Uvt«, tho OAaociatM they chooae count for much, " A'ofeitur a 
aodis" — a mail is known by the company be keepa—oaid a wiit^ 
old Roman, and tha chjert of this book U t<» make it «eaier for 
tboeo who doaire to live rightly to get immediat^Jy into touch irith 
good influencta and hti^JpfuI aurtoundin^ii. Vou viitl indeed be 
hard to pl^^aas if you cannot find in Ui^ list of Cluba, Gaflsn, and 
Infltitutee oontain^ in the following pagra eonie plaee whit^b suiU 
your retjuireiuenla — a place where the Irti&go of God may be 
fltrengtliJ^n^ vithin you. and trh^rn yoii can indulge all reasonatde 
desirffl in company with those of yonr own age. Of one thing 
be sure ; you caonot be neutral in tlie great Btrug^le< of life, your acta 
must infloeuceH whethw you liko it or nnl, the characlflrfa of othrra 
as well as your own, 1 do not ask you to refratn from evil, but Xo 
be eu full of hoalthy and useful effoH that thc;tc aliall be no room 
for viha.i Ir unwortiiy and rnoLii, Aa one who baa watclie<l Uk; 
caraeTE of many thouBands of young men^ let zne beg you, if you 
have not olro-ady done ho, to select a live church of your own do- 
DominUitioD and to bei^ome a r^ular member of it. We have liata 
of sueh churc^hes of all dononunatioTU at the Bureau, and ohall ba 
happy to introduce you to the Minist^^r, or to the Secretory of any 
of its Clubs or Claeaca, or to lodgings in any district you prefer- 
With thia opportunity you need not be lonely or a atrangeir in our 
midst- Hundreds of friendly hando are waiting to help you ii 
you will only give Miem tiie cLanoe. 'Mt is tlje first »lep tiiat 
coimlH " aayn a French prouprb — will you not make this first step 
at once f Thoni els light troBts out darkncaa, so Bholl cheerful 
company and useful employment remove some of the moat potmt 
innentivtea to evi]^ and make your life strong and helpful fior othcciL 



" Tliou mtul be true. (Ljrsolf 

It thou the trutb wQul<tBt t«ac1i, 
Tiiy poiil mudt overfiow, if thou 

Anothi^r'n noiit iraiiJdHt rmurh. 
Jl i§ tii& ovfvQiyviag Ei^ttri 

TljBt ^vcfl tlie lips ruU «p«ecji. 
l^riiilc truly, and thy tLouglit 

Sboll a ADtld'a famine Feed, 
Bpaak tjiJy, fljid thy vrord 

Hhnll be a fruitful fl»d. 
Live truly, and thy hfti ahall be 

A truly noble creed/' 

^me time ago in America I waa met by a man who thanked 
me Uit having sent him to the Statea. I E&iled to reoagniflo him. 



APPENDIX 



391 



and then be told me this story. Years previously, I hod aent out 
A poor boy, once a thief in the etrBels of London, to seek his fortune 
in thn gr*«t Republic, ijlMng him that it poet me £10 for his pAgBage 
and outfit, and thot ii over he could fopay ino ho ougJit to do 30 
for the pLirpoao of tnabting m^ Xc eeiiJout others. The Ud worked 
And prcief«r«f. And then proceeded to put out At intfirest. in his 
own way, the £10 entrusted to him- First one and tlicn anotJjor 
of hia old comrndtB nera brtniBlit out, the iinmigranle looked ftfler, 
fcncl the £10 got back Od rapidly wi posBible - until that one £10 
had brightcinod thf^ Uvm and hoJped to ea^y circiunat-ancea 5omo 
twenty of hia tietxly conirados. My mformant was one ui these 
twenty. "You see. air.'* aaid he. "Jack nsed I0 say thnt aa he 
hod been help>od himself be felt bound to pass it on-^' May you 
feel the bemu tuiden on your heart j^nd reeJize Ujat bo the extent 
to whioh you are able to h&lp aTir>rlii?ryDU arehisdi'btior. Thereis 
othi-T wealth beeidi?e money of which a nian must give anaooount ; 
your education, your power of ayjnpjitliy, your training in a ClirlBliaii 
home, nil give tho^^e who have not thette things a eiaim upon you. 
and to the extent to which you perform or abuse this truat ho will 
your life here be a failiiro or succcae. Count up if you can ** How 
rcuch owest thou 7 " liife, friends, opportunitiea. intellect, the 
brightne^ of this life, the abounding promiae of that which ia to 
come — Nay, "thou oweat thine own self nlao,** 

A father once came to me in great trouble about his boy and 
asked me how he could woan liim from the evU t>ourB« into wjjteh 
he was rapidly falling. I asked tlio father if the boy had ao liobby, 
if he had not a toata for something which might be so developed 
titat he would seek hia pleaauro in it mateod of in vice. Somewhat 
on the same Imes I would eamei^tly advL^ie any newcomer in London 
to take up Rome interuat outtiide liis reigulur buainefH or occupation. 
In moBt casoA you will Jiave some apare lime, and in the Liats of 
dubd arjd Societies in tJiia volume you will &id methods of aponding 
it which may be useful to body, or niind, or soul, or let us hope 
all three. 

Thoae who fall the eoaie«t prey to evil ore always thoae who 
have no oceupatiou for their apare Jioura. A riglit uee of Uiia book 
may help you to remedy thifl. It may help you e\'en to tak« that 
better part bo which I have already referred, and moke your life 
DoL only free from abuulute vice, but ao full of active usefiUntfia 
that your prci^ence will be an incentive to good, and a eJieek to evil. 
T eanmtJy di^ire that it may be bo, and that some day when you 
Btond face to face with Him, " who Hia own self bore our aifie in 
Hifl own body on the trpe," He may give you the *' Well done *' of 
the Mooter, and an abundant entry into the city of God. 

Heartily wi^ihing you Ood speed, praying that you may strivo 
to get a blessing in your own lifA by proving a blessing to the live 
of others, I would give you as a last word — 




392 



qUINTIN HOGG 



' Ta thine owa mAI bs tfoa. 
Ami it miut follov aa the Aay the night, 
Thoa caivl not ttifm be (alae to any icvl" 






Addrfta deliixird at a mBding of ihe Ragged Seh^ C/n«o*t, 

Tlv roDlutioii put in my hand ie as foUoiva — That tivs God- 
horkoiirei.1 work of the Ragged School Union* ba i^prcasDted by iU 
manj-fiidMl efTorU on behalf of poor i^hUdren, deurrea lib«c«J 
reco^ition and mipport. . . , It is a good many years smoe I 
stood on thia platf cmn, but for many ymra 1 louked Eontoid to Uw 
qhhuaI auwtmg of the Ragged School Union ai one of the moat 
iatereatia^ and importaQt gathering of the G(«son. and one in 
which I took a very deep intor^Bt indeed' It £9 tnte Uiat with other 
work I have drift^ of late BOmawbat elightly (mt of 1m« with Uw 
Ragged School Union, but my heart la with it still, and 1 fed the 
iinportAiice oE ite work a5 strongly aa evor. I have aoea a gmtt 
nkony tilings and been interested in many, but there is one tiling 
I cannot efford to loee and whirh 1 would not have miaaed lor a 
gre»t doBti. and that ia the recollecttoua luid reEninJaceocca 1 hSTV 
of BAgged School wrtrk. 

I think you will find that any one coming into the Raggf>d Sabaal 
work gund more than he gives. I know I |?>iu-a«] jat%ay \3Bet\il\ 
iMsona vihile teaching boys and girU, kesons T would not he without 
for anything' Looking back on them, I feel it would have been 
a great kne to have bem without theiru The rpcnc^inlHvnoe of thm 
poor boys and girls I used to know twimty-fi^'e yeara ago in 
school is w^h ntv now ; and many of them, 1 am a3ad to Gnd, a/« 
DOW in good poAibLona, end not ashamed to own they wo? ortix 
BOholaTB in a raggtfd HchouK 

Now why does this Hogged School Union claim fscognitim 
and £upi>ort T I do not need to defend R&e^;cd Schools* aa I t4kk« 
for gronUxl that all preuent know their value. It ta a grvat and 
glorious work, and I verily believe that if Chrisi appeared agaitf 
on ecirth there would be few institutioua in Londou that would 
nveiw from Him so covnplete and absolute a ble^ing aa the 
Ragged School Union. You may rc^membcr that a good many 
yean ago the Shah of Persia come to London, and pftnnin^: down 
the rircr he pointed to a great building opposite Westmhiatcr, 
thinking it muai; be a palace, and asked who liv^ thra-e, H» w^ 
told it ^waa St, llkomaa' Uoapita], and that it was for the sick Mid, 
poor who were taken there to be nursed and cothI fcr. *' Do y«i 
mean that great house had bpen put up for tlie poor and «kk T ** 
"Vcs. BitB." "Verily, lliat muat be \-eiy ple«sn^ to AlUh I " 
I thmk the Slioh was not [or wrong. And so I say it tmvt bo 



APPENDIX 



pLwiaing to Ood to look upon the great and twnevolent vork oE the 
Ragged Scliool Union. 

Moreover, tJiia work is very fruitful- As you LiBten^ to th« 
report you h^^ard th&t ^oma twolva hundred of the ten-fliera now 
engaged in the wotk are tbemsclvoH old Ragged Scholare. Now 
that ia B noble tti^tuncmy. ood if justification were ntiedi^,gO«e fu^ 
to juacify the e^isx^nca of ah inst.Jtution whicli c&n ahotr aiioh a 
noble rooord of service. I know oa a matter of fact that eorae 
of luy best workei's at tli» Pulyievhuiir wert? once in the Ragg^ 
Schools, arkd one who more than &tiy one elao hii» made it w}t&t 
it ia through bsa organizing powera once sat in the Ka^od ^hool. 
You have tliOB proved your claim to be n^arded aa a work 
h&ving a right to sympathy and Hupport. 

And further, if 1 wcro to go det*p into the matter, I would aay 
that the Ragged School Uuion aa well ob the Londoa Ci^y MJssiou, 
And other inaiiTutions have a attrong claim by r^anon of the purifying 
and elevating effect they hove had on ].iOndoa- 1 do not know 
what kind of London we »hoald have had without the work of the 
Ragged Bohools. There is still much to deplore, but your grt?at work 
has done more to improve I^ondon than Anything e!ae. Talk of 
improvomentfl i plenty of improvements are gauig on around u». 
but what are thnae eomjmred with tha livea of men and wnmen 1 
When we improve thiaae end change them into image* of God^ we 
make iinprovements worthy of tho luunc. 

I ask yoUp t^ierefore, to hvi\p this work by giving youraelvis. 
Money is w«nt«d, certainly; but I nev^ knew a man who gave 
himself to such a work that did ai>t brJu^; hia purse along wi^ 
him. If you gel in full H^iupatliy, if you dierovfr what the wurk 
really ia, and what are its r«sul(3. th^n the money will oome fast 
enough- If you are in eympathetic touch with th«£e boys and girls 
they will aJiarin the money out of you — it will be a joy to give. 
Nor will you be loaers. for the more you give the more you wiJl gK, 
I ask yon to keep the RflF;;gcd ikihool work full of life and go. When 
the public see there is something going on. sunxelhing being done, 
they will not be slow to ^ihow nynipathy e.nd give money. 

One t}kiTig more. The taat roaeon 1 give fot aupporting the work 
of &a[^god Sthoolfi is thia : we have been Baved oi^raelvee. Our 
King fn Hia glory fltoop^ down from heaven to dortb to come 
and Have uB t and if He etooped eo [ow, surely V9 may well atoop 
to save others. Hopeleaa and h^lplcan were we but for Hie graco ; 
•nd now that He has raised U8, H? eend^ us out tothfl To^ and periah- 
ing m the streeta and lAnea of the oity to compel them to oome jn. 
Now, the measag^j of His salvation, by wJiatevor name yovi call it, 
ia the goupel of God ; Ihert; are thouHands who have not heard it, 
will you not go and toll tlit>m of it * Thia Bagged SL^hool worlr, 
iliG99 cliildren behind me, the results of Raeiipd School work, 
ore the best evidence of the Love of God -, poraly^uLg the voice cC 




w 



QUtNTIN HOGG 



KOrptiaism and doubt, in view of His oondescsadiog mercy in savifig 
IhMV &nd B&viik)^ ua. I chttTg^ you. t>hcn, wbo are iwved your»clT<e«t 
but who ara ni>t ynt voE-lditg fur athiiTH. to (Hime to Uih lifdp uf Ood 
in thin great work of teUing the Divine measage to thofte who need 
it. TlirTD Cfkii be no ^catcr joy here bcFow than that of hearing 
tbv wuridfirinj^ |jri>J{^t 8a>> '^ I will &rtae tind ^ unto my Father-" 
"nmt joy limy be youre if you will but throBf yonraeif into And 
aupport in ft pncticttL w»y this gn»i work of the Ragged Sizbool 
Uniudu 



An mtdrt^a dtJitt^rod OA the otatnan of ihe JtA^et 0/ lAe Aog^cd 
5cAoof C/nion. 



Urn CnrperitJir of NoxAreth utd the Cobbler of Fortflnioalli. 
DoM t]ii> juTia|.iu^t ion of x^tfwt two nftin«s s^iem to yoa Bttnei^ f 
W* ATD m«^t hi^rv to M-Iobjvte the Jubilw of tli« Ragged Sebool 
UnloiLi And if tlii< nkrs»a|^ nkrried tiaa been that ot Um Oupenter* 
th« flnt <^*r Ihfti cAuclit the cry of Lho bu««4 anb and belimvd 
(a the potvrwy of Chn«l'e miMafl^ to fvftdi »vai tbem. ««fl tbM «l 
Um poor GnglMi CbbUcr, 

I am ^ad to think that ih« Raggiid 8A00I UnioB ■■• flndM 
in poveirtf rather than in wealth, and Coaad ito finC paoMMr aisons 
the ranks of tho tneowith one ta ka*, ra ther t h a n a ww i^ the raafaol 
ibom* with t His JodmFonndBnnda&oBaaaaHaacilaibffaBd. Win 
y^m to buiki 10 hi* QMnwry the laUfltf baskfia^ in Lfauloi^ yoa eouid 
^^ hug ■Dthmg bJtf ao good or mt tadmim^ — tha Pm i l B Ao il 
UMwaaHttC* vkkn ■ral sbv b0M v hB hvBnir ahi^L Aas !■■■ 
• ytaiioUwrtiMOB w4>y Tajagladt^tiwBfctha>lha— a wvaiv 
ttt ap««k of to-dKj- had ao kMy a paraaC^tv hMMM il ve^ to 
mv i«f t«4] aft. m a maiHar wkadi bob* «an UMa^E^aad. ihaft if 
John FtMMk conki » bb ia» to w*|i load |M|— i Ihn m aat 
«aa 4l va hiae wh9 «Mil IH< fo tod d» ^wwba. S tonj y totoa 
to ths Ul wba iaMt bettor e^aw*^ *M «4totoii^ 

to«od4^» toA toaol to «iM httfia to Itoto aa walto- 

He had ^vik b Ihe fd m^^ al 
to -- of Ika Ou^aL ae 
iteUiite-aMatowl 




APPENDIX 

idlfl ^nthtiHuurt, a dieamer ofdrwims, who at the beginnirig of this" 
oi^ntury oxprcfiBbd tho hi^pF^ tKat eomc day England might aee 
EOiDQ 10,00(> c^liUdren in btT f^lcmentary Achoots. An enthuaiaat 
EiiTGly, a druamigp of dr^ftms ! but if lo-dny he wert* amongst- us 
ho would Hnd his 10,000 multiplied 400 fold, for in i}ie elementojy 
echooTs of Bi^Und to-day we have not 10,000 but 4,000,000. Free 
fiducation f coiDptilHory pduRation ! T want to nay thai 1 lM*liev» 
the position we find ouraolvee in to-d&y Ime been largt'Iy owing to 
the work of humble arid untlianked Raided School teacJiEira. cxnd 
that if yt>u would rightly eBtimate John Pounds" work, you Tuuat 
credit it not oniy with tho Rsgg^ Schools aa euch that found their 
birthplace in hia humble worksihop, but aUo with no ractm portion 
of th&t rhanjjB in ptibliu iwntimeat of whicli after alJ FarliamtiTit 
is Only the echo, which denies the rigtit of any parent to bring 
up his child in ignoronco and vice, and ha9 discovered that no 
nat.ion In rich enough to squander thti boiindkidH puHaibihtiea of 
it* child lifSn or etrorg enough to foster a. race of helota in its Btreefa, 
So Jolin Pounds dtodi but not hia work ; for away in Scotland Sheriff 
Watson cauglit the staDdiird from the liondn of the doad cobbler, 
and openf>d in Ab«rd«'oii the ^rst public ragged fifhool. Tliat 
woe mor(^ than two geiierationa ago, and from Aberdeen the movo- 
ment quickly S[?read over Scoilaad and England, until at the time 
when 1 firai' knew it in IS51. and ^nt«T^ themnki of Rnggni School 
tcacherE^ there wero more than 30,000 children in the Ftagg^K] 
l^chooLi of London and more than 3,000 voluntary helpers^ To- 
day T cannot tell you the nmnber in the Reggfld Sohoota, biit 1 
learn that the 3,000 helpcra have BwoUcn to 4,000, and I beliov^ 
that England lias yet to learn what ahe owes to those who hava 
flocTiflced eafl«, time, Bympethy, and leisure in transform ing her 
social otiti?aet« into helpful Chriatian citicenfl. 

I would have you consider, moreover, what eyfitem tlie Ragged 
Schoola found in operation for dealing with Ihes*' poor cliildren, 
and what child torture it eupplonted and luppreesed- It is not 
much more than one hiuidred years ago tlial there were two hundred 
CTimeg in England pijniiihuble with death. Not much more than 
A century ago two children (if 1 remember rightly of nine and eleven 
years) were hanged for petty thieving. Even twenty yoore ago 
it waa not unr^ommon for young cliJdren to be sent to priaon, and 
in Uie record of 1876 we read of three children, alJ under eight, 
in Englinh prieonj!, for such heinous offeneea as stealing loUipopa, 
or injuring a lock 1 It see[n>i incredible tliat after seventeen or 
eighteen centuries of Chrifitianily a civilised Christian nation should 
really think that the hangman and the jailor weto right people tc 
deal with theee poor ijpiorant children. But yon may ask m©* 
Muat not crima be pimiahed f If 3-our children, or mine, had had 



1 fjlnffteflnth L'oatury* 



QDTsrrm hogg 



twii an Dpbrinpng and sach ptmirtii&eDt, whttvi woold they b«Tv 
beea ItMiay f Wo ato entitjed to clajiu that punafaiiKitt, ■■ mch, 
has been triM and f&iled, failed ignominioualy ; f&G^ in aoch A 
nuoner tbat bi%d it not been giv^ti up it would have vreckAt alike 
the wnllh ukd proep«rity of the <-ountry, Wjlh luatc Ituma&e 
treatment In cur prisoru (the oatcoma of snather ludila life^ itmit 
oC Jdhn UowafdJ, with wi£er metfaodt of dealing witli tfas chfliL— . 
iniroducod bj tlio Ragged Soiiix>U« tlie mult haa beoi a dimiiratioo 
at tr'vne, such aa could hardly h«ve b«<-n thought of %i the begnmnig 
of thit oe&tory. Wilh the population double what ia una at the 
tinw tiw Ragged SchooLs stArled, the number of crinuoala ia graady 
IcoB, and tim deeruaas haa bwn moet nutk^^ble in ihia caaa ti 
juvsQiJe oHenderB, 1 have not got the exAct figure by nw, but 
I do not think I should be far out if I were to tay tha4 tbere m 
not to-day (ptir million of tlie papuIatHm) one juvenile (Tinunal 
[God forgive lib for putting such words togethftf*) for every leti at 
the hogiiming of the oentury. I grant you there muaC be punkib- 
montt but in Qod's naow puD^eh the right pooplei. Ia a jitiop la 
allow flome of iu children to grow up in the midat of Tif«, blaaphemj. 
Ignorance, tkud drunkenneeSt &nd tiien to punisL the ohild wfaidi 
it baa nrvn^^. and whip the body whi>n it haa doiu? its beat to ruin 
the noui f The tma [!nmLnbl ls not the child which has be^n ainotid 
agatOBt, but tlie nation which haa eo einced aa to euiround that 
dxild with enviromaODts wholly antagonistic to ita proper drV(4o|i- 
ment and upbringing, and it ia Christian England, and not the potf 
BtTe«t arab, who will have to anvwef heiore the great whita thKoe^ 
when that cliild-liJe coEnea to be judgcd- 

There u in Scotland an old c;actle. where far betow the groniMl 
lav«l waa diacoverdd. eonw tvne ago, a d&rk and noisonne dimgnnci 
No fiunbcam could Brd ita way into ita peatikntial depths- The 
v«ry uj waa laden with damp and diaeaae, and when thewurkmen. 
letting in the tighr, made their wa^- into ttie dungeon, U»ey found 
on the wall, voratched by aome miserable wrotoh who had iboI 
bia doom tbten, the pitiful worda, ^' No hope, Ko hope.*' Saeh, 
it aaama to nw. wM the inacription that our fathen bad wwium 
an the Uvea oE many ol the ragged children of thi» great city. It 
woB reflerved for the Ra.gged Scliool Uiuon and their itabia 
buid of wurki^A to supplant ignorance with intelligeneep and deapair 
with hope, 

1 eaoDot ^^rak without deep cnwtion ol Ragged School work, 
b«aiiBe it waa in a Rbj^^chI School {one of the very raggednt of 
aQ Ragged Sehoola in Lotidon) that 1 apent my own firat y^tm 
of Qiriitian work. Although I ora here to-day to ««k yon to gire 
«>m» monetary token of Hynipsthy and supiiort to the Raued 
Sflhool Union, it ia not primarily lor that that I wutt to plead, I 
know tliitt, that if I could only i>er*uade any of you to throw your 
hvei into the work of reacuing &ul helping vthera, i:epe«ially ihoaa 



APPENDTX 



m 



cared for by th© R«gg«t Srhool, your mGiiBy wniild follow ha k 
nuittor of courso. ThcTt? novcr yet w&e B^n ft m&n, working he&rt 
and Aoul fcr a caiuws giving bia tiic^, eyiupatliy* and leisure, who 
did not at the aame tim« bring iiia purse wit-h him. The question 
of a worker is noi, how much mmat I give; bat, how miKih can 
I give, '* for the Ufc is mor^ than meat, and the body than raiment.^' 
We carnot. ahnffl© off oiir rtHponHibiJiliR* ijrdpr the plea of ignor- 
ance. Do you remember tho words <tl the O^d Ji^ook : "If tliou 
forbear Uj deiiver them tiiat ar* drawn unto dpaUi, and those 
that ore Tpady to be slain ; if Ihou Raye^t. ' Bfhotd we- jbwu» U not,' 
doth not He that pondc?reth the heart eunsiderit, and He that keepeth 
thy BOul doth not He know it, and shnll He not render to every 
man according to hi^ wark-t T '^ Our own puel Hood Leila the 
BOme tale in hta woU-knovn poem of "The lady's Dream/' 



''Alcd I I havT) waDted Uirougb life 

Too htwdleaa where I trod i 
Nay. h^^lping to trample my brotbor wona. 

And liii the biinnJ nod; 
Forgottmg Ihut even the Bparrow (alLfl 

Kijt lUiTnurked of God. 

" 1 drank the richMfc drAo^tn 

And Bta whatever wan good ; 
Fiah and fl»4h. und fowl and fniit, 

Supplied my bungry mood; 
Bub I never nmtembijrod Wvv wrolched oow 

ThB<b starved fur wont of faod- 

**! drtvuful ju tT>e nobin drtma, 

In cloth nf ailver iLnd g^ld. 
Vi\l\\ ailk and salio and costly fnrn 

In muiy eo ampl« fold i 
But I nes'er raoiembered the naked limba 

That frou in the winter^! cold, 

"ITie wounds T might have healed, 

Tha humfui bur-owb and nmoft. 
And yet it waa aavsr ia my oetil 

To Aft «o ill a part ; 
But evil ifl wrought by vant nl thought 

Aa well DA hy want of hfuirt/' 



Tnflnitoly pitiful and plainth'e iA the cry of the ragged rhild-life 
of London OJi 1 that it might reach your ears through my lipe tiua 
evening, for indeed 1 have known something of it rjiyself- What 
we want ie personal aervice, peisonal work ; and the oite thing 
nej^dful to redeem ftnoh children— humanly speaking — is a loving 
word, a fiyropalhctie toucli, n life that onl^rs into their life and 
tries to bear their sorrows, ea Clkrlsb haa borne ovirHh There in no 
work, in my jadgment, more entirely Christ-like than that under- 



MB 



QOMTK HOGG 



<abm by thcw belp<?r« of the B-SkU. Foe. ttflflf clL vtwft csoivb- 
iutM UQfr ^««ftn«*K. meuufvd by Oiritt's itAndArd T Go A«i 
iotc the vtre«t« of l^oodan tonl&y, and aak your teUmr-aaen «Im( 
IB their b«Mb ivotIl One will tell joa he oaa laftke t^ CBoraa 
■peak with the Itki^rtMfi of the hvimAn tona ; uuMfa#r. thtt he con 
lond U> the dead ibarbJe grace arui b«anty mhaoet tifEltke ; aoDthiT; 
thftt ho hail coniziueTcd En^&Qd'o CTiemiea> <r «Dcb&Dted roiea wiXj) 
nuuu?. or amAi»«] a coto^^ forUirhe ; bot amirtrt them aU 
one voice, the voice of HgQ at whoae faei hImHwnM and 
paby^ weakncaa and leprooyr the **>*""f wan and IIk bhvlenD|| 
wind fTonchpd BubminEva, and fiia i^lamb to fli— lium ia. as Hs haa 
tf^ld us Kimfolf, (iutt He " came to ae«k and tavo the loat." WiH 
your life aod mmc be doeniHi great in God'a nglit, judged by thia 
Ktand&rd ! 1 think many a humble Ragged Sphoul tciftch^r in 
Londtm will tower above poet aod slateeFDao wbeo the day «jd]c« 
to the Maotor to reckon up His jewels. I renwmbvv John Gi>u^ 
telling me eji inriijent which he saw happen in the Broadway of 
New York- A lady wsfl drawing cS her glove, irttov a \-cTy valotlble 
ring aecuJentally fell from her Gng«t aiut roUcd down bbo dlrtj 
street into Lhe gubt«r, incizes dc«p in tilUi and laiid. for of all ■traeta 
In the world, 1 think thottd in New York are the wont kept. At 
fimt she poked about in the foul refuee with tiw end of her paraaoU 
but QitAlly, rather than loee hfr ring ehe pulled back her laoe cuB 
and plun^red her hand boJdIy into the fUth until she had found the 
ring she bad lost. Do you blame her T There wae £100, pcrha|ia. 
at the bottom of tltat gutter i could you expect her to Icove rt f 

Ne«d I apply ihe moral to this T Right down in the iiroMe of 
London thorc are bouIb for whom dirist died, fonov-conntrymen 
of ouTfl capable of tming turned into honesti Engliah citixeEZia. but 
who. left as thny are, will olmoet inevitably aink into enemies of 
Society, prcyirg on the clace who hftve neglected and H:omcd 
theu^ Uliat havtr you dune to Juid Gud'e jewels in the BtrtxHm 
nf l^ndon F Tlie mothfr of the Gra^-fhj, taking one of her frienda 
to the cradle whore slept Tlber^ue GracchuA and hia brathcs-, eaid, 
" Theee an? my jeweU *' ; and let me tell you no nation m rich i^nuugh 
to let theee jewels retnata uncut. Of course iherp ar& difficnltiea 
in Ragged School work ; of course many of the children are vieiomi, 
dirty, and Full of vermbi ; but aa a compeneation to all thle they 
have liad eo little love and kindneps Hbawn them in their Uwei, 
that they Boem to be mere rc^potisivo and affoctKFnete than any 
othar children 1 have met, ^Vhcu I 6rat left Eton and weoit into 
such work. I wanted to get to kno^ the London boys, and so I 
bought mynelf an outfit of shoebleck'a thuigs and went out almoet 
AVMy evening with my hox. At night I somctimts wont to sSecp 
£n the ojmn air wheje they sli'pt, and fed where lliey led, and learned 
aoniothing of their livea, I eun [ell you that the helpfulnom they 
showed to each other would shame many of ua profeaamir Chriatiaoa- 



APPENDIX 



800 



a liine lin^ A boy brought Enc» wmppcd up in a dirty ra^ 
from a dirtier pockot, Bomi> l^lthy pip(^ (if pudding ntiidi 
he had Aavf>d oe a d^lioai^y for me, and in dolling wiUi which I 
found conaldarablo didicultyt an eating it v&s iitipo^ibto, ^nd 
itirowing it away wbb out of the qiimtinn. [ do not know how many 
of you would care to go through the same oxpcri^no^, but 1 t&ll 
you, if you want to get in fuU touch and nympathy with thee« 
cht]drj>n, go aa tuear to doing as I did an yuu Uilnk right, and tlici 
more fuHy you get into touoh v-'nh them the more fully will your 
b^art and synipatliy be aroiued, 

I j?(iiild kpep you lipre half the night tilling you of my fjpflfiencee 
with Uie ragged ohiJdren in London — oi little boys obllgtd to Bleep 
in their boot^t leet their mothers should pawn thoei^ boota wlien they 
wenr R8lc«|k for drink, liil they ce-me to nie at ln^t to beg nie to Ond 
some flhelter for them at night where tli^ would be tr^^ from the 
tliieving and the dmnken impulaoB of their depraved parcnt«. 
Here is a case, not within my own expE^rietictv but told by Mr. 
Clay, the chaplain of Preston prison. He t^lie of a boy of eleven 
who had been in prison throe timec, and of liis brother^ aji^ only 
ten. who liad been there four tioits, and who were locked up for the 
heinous o^ence of steeping in the open air. Now wliat kind of home 
had thcBO children that tliey should be no punished for leaving 
it ? The fatfier had killed tJi« motlicr by iU-UBage, and hod after- 
wards married another woman called Aggie StevenEOn. At firet 
tltia seoond marriage eeemcd to wean the father a little bit from 
bis drink ; but he aoon went buck to his old coui-asi, and finally, 
coming home drunk one winter's nighty eiiTsed his ill-fate nt bemg 
troubled with looking after ohildreUt and told th« vromon with 
whom he lived — I cannot use the word sttj/moth^r in cojincxion 
with Buch a woman — tliat he would T-ake Iheni otit and drown 
them in tho canaL Boo him ataggenng down the titroet itdlh a 
cIdJd in eithor hand and murder irj Lis heart. He found hi£ way 
to the dark water, and therp. undi?r God^s heaven^ hp ca£t thfni 
in to die, and it was loft to the work of a chanee paaacr-by to save 
tlie two boyi4 froiu Uita dog*s de-atli. But, you ask cxa. ihijv woman 
— did she not intfrfere T The only rfwnark that aho made w}ien 
her hueband was going out was : " If you are going to dro^-n tli© 
children you may && well leave me their boota, they will do for 
Johnny." The man and woman were the production of the streetH 
without the Ragged Schools, and it is for the protcotion of young 
lives Huch as these, for the redemption of childien from norrowo 
aometimefl even more hoppless than what! have detflileiJ, tlmt the 
Bagged School worker Livea and loves. 1 have said trom (roublcfl 
worse oven tlian those 1 have detailed, for death in such a cnso 
can hardly be the vur^t sorrow, and the little narrow gravtt in the 
chmclLy&rd may, to auch an one, ho a haven of Ket. 



400 



QUDTTIK HOGO 



ThtrtkB amp porrov tbv«. J^vx, 
Tims'* CHTher osuld nar c«r«. Ji 
Tbif day a &ja fair, Jphti, 
In the lud o' the irmL" 



Let nw ^ve yoa anothCT case. Rere u a bo^ of aghti fail mnltMr 
n dying of iwrkccr, and OGtaOnl with the craving fof food irhir^ 
that avfuJ diflcoBC ecigenderB. The hoy goes riut on tha stmts 
For l'h« firKt time to beg. He is i^k^n. anij locked up Cor • 
month. The mother di™, and the little child, <ni bla return 
to bis hoiTiCt ifl mA by tha landlady, who bida lifra " gci 
out>'' aa a " troubttwnae brat, for ebc doc* not miertd to haw 
any thiavea and heggare in her houRe." Ko School Roord, no 
PoljtAchjUD, ia going to meet Euoh »uca aa the«e. They aro Uia 
floUam and jctaam, the wrecks and wrecksj^ of our civilisatiOD, 
nnd it in not by doles of rx^onwy, it ia not by giving alma in thp atreeta, 
that wo are going to heal such Borca Indif-Triminatp almsgtving 
mrrdy Qlln thv st rei't« wttli impoftton ajid beggar?* of wJiom tbcv« 
are enough already. It is penvmal s^rWoe. personal sympathy, 
ppt&5nal love ; in a word, witat Clu*ist pave to us, that ie nroded 
(or each reacue work. There ifi a story told of an English dotdhrh- 
ment up in )>oine of th« d^ln of thr> HiinalA^'a«» who had b^^n t^oit 
to punifih a mounTain trib^', A sraaM party of the men got dctarhad 
from the main body by what was apparently a very nmatJ gully, 
but when thf^y oame in night of each othfr sfnin* the two partim 
fmmd they wBre separated by & do^ oha^m, with pTKipitoua Eidea. 
wHch efTectnally cut oGf all mi^annof communication. WorafcofaJl, 
right ahead oF thifl handful of m^^n werv thp en^ny, ready io atiAct 
Retreat waa impoBpible, and tho little English band did wjiat nuui- 
liDod could do for the island home whof« uniform they wore. Ibe 
next day, i^ra^^ing their sUspa and following in the trockn of their 
eomradce, the n^ain d^tAchment went to onge^ the enemy and 
bury thoir dead, Tiicy found their comradts lying dead on tJw 
bbtilefipMr and foimd the wrist of each one waa tied a amall red oord. 
The officer in command Oisbed one of the prisoners what thla meant, 
and the prisoner told him that the red cord was the mark oif • 
chieFtoia, and that tliey knew tlial lhe*e aoMiers must oil have bcCTj 
rhiern, for they hnd fought bo weII. Round tho arm and on th« 
brow of many a Ragged School teaclier will be found, on the great 
day when tlie sccreta of all Uvea ahoU beroveaJrd, the badffe of kinaliipi 
The mark of divine aonpthip, placed tbero by One who Judgoa Hgh^ 
eonsly^ and who witl eurely say to thoRO who have striven, aa tbetr 
Master did, to seek and to tav^ that which wee lost, " Inaemojcb 
as ye have done it to the least of thr^ee My children, ye havo dona 
it unto Mo." 



None of oar buAinea« f WiLadorifuf and sinful 
All through tha 4trH(a of the «ty Uioy go. 



APPEWDl 



Hungry anrl homf^laia m the wHd weather: 
Nnne of i)iiT huAinflHH I Dare ve say ho P 

'• Naoa of oai hu^nsaa ! Oa^ thoo, the miiBi«, 

On mt>L th« fetA9ting. thorigh henrte bredk foriOtfn: 
Somnbodya hungry, wimebody''* ff^e^iitg, 
SumokxHJy'H buuI wiU be loflt ere the mom I 

" 8oftjebodj*3 'lying ion with tin* dftooing f) 
One fur DArth'4 pottu^e ta selling hia rouI, 
Otif f'>r fi bauble hfu Ftartered his birttkright, 
^Uing hifl oU for a pitiful dole." 



Neic Year^a Mcssugt from Mr. Quintin Hogg. 

Dtermber l2fA, I89e. 

My teby dkab Bpys, — 

Although 4,C00 iniltB away from 7011 all, I miiBt not let 
tlie Now Yew como upon you without sending you nuch 
good niuheB as oau be coiivey«*d by Her Majediy^a malla. I 
am writing; thJa Btnidat fiurrotindings very little BUggf^tive of 
Chriatruo^tide. Eight largo vindows, guarded by open JKlotiaieB, 
&FB tlirawn wide open in the rciom where T um aitting. bo sa to 
cAtoh euoh brtK*ze a^ may reach the hoii3e. The thermometer 
HtAoda at B5, ond my clothing is of tho li^htr^t. Outride I look 
en to ft spAcious street over 100 feet widf . down Che centro or whic}i 
nma a eanal wilh tre«a on eithf^r nid^, white each house standa 
b&ck aeveral yards from tho road, in ita ofm garden. In fiict 
I am in the niiy of ChiorgvrlowEi* capital uf t}ie culuuy of D(?mpr&rfi 
or Britiiili Guiana, whose boundaty with the VeneitiPlan Hepublic 
in causinj; so much talk now in the English papers. Ah to tho 
boundary Itaelf \i a only a trifle moro accessible tlian tlip North 
Pole» aa it tak^ hit wwka tn get tiliere, your sole meaiiR of con« 
vtyonco for tho greater portion of tho journey being conovs manned 
hy Rod liidmuB. Southwards our colouy runs back Ur Bra^J. 
end eastward it is bounded by Surinoro or Dutoh Guiana. This 
Home Colony of Surinam waa originally granted to the Elarl of 
Surrey (whence itti name Surry-hank or Suiiriam) by one of our 
English raonarc'hg with that magnanimity And freehanded nesii 
which usually diatinguiehes royalty — and non-royalty, too, for that 
matter— when dealing with other peopli^^n property. The VeneEueU 
people, like moat of those who inhabit the South AmB^i^^n Rtatf^ 
&ro a moQgrol race of toaixiLy Indo-Spauieh origin. They would* 
however, ai Dnian, be much more tlmn a matdi forTouimy Atkinjs, 
whom they would shoot down juKt as the Boers did. I have hunted 
in tho bookwooda with some oE th»o Indiana, and their skill in 
at-eing and i-hooticig gotue ia wonderful- Oia* aoldiers, in the wooda, 
would have no chance with thnm, but would be ahot down bv t.tv& 



408 



QTJINTIN HOGG 



hurxiredi though tbey outmunbeTfld the IndiAns ton to one. 
nutply. in cas« of VKt, we stioulfl h&ve no necMJ to worry abont tfas 
Eroxtliar, but could without diflicu^ty qtrilije a much more formid*bIo 
blow at bUem by Bending a man-of-wBr to L& Gimjrv, from wheoca. 
their capital city, Caratrcaa. can be reach<^ ui a few hours- II 
WBS not about thia dispute, howex'cr. that I wnntfd to trrite you. 
but ratlier to wish you oil a happy and proaptrous New Year. 
Wc wiBhrd e6ch othtr the BAme tivi^lve montlut a^ o. and aa we standi 
looking back on the road which then Htretched befoto IM. M aMll| 
of ufi Bsk himsc^lf how that wiBh hiu bcpcn fii]filteil> 

" Our acta oar angeAa are, for good or iU 
in^e fal«ful ohadovn wfak^h walk by lu vtUL'* 

So to eeme the yefir haa been full of bleeding and happiiteai^^ 

bocaoao they haw thenucelre^ be«n bteasings to others j tiiejr 
able to look bank on tpmptations reHraledn and 

" The white flowar ol a TilnmaViii life *' 

worn tliroughout tht^ yoar. 

But Ihf^re aM others who ran only look bai>k ontfie departed year 
witii a »i^L' The angel of youth has stood by thctn, but thcj, 
have WT^elod from him a*j blesiin^. Tho daily upportuoitKB haw' 
found thmn with UTklit lamp, and have left but the shut daot behind 

Is it always to be ao. dear felltiWB T You can comP lo the fronl 
aa ntudenis and athL^tea ; Es it in wll-doing atone that Rnglg^ 
boyti are to be failures T Come, let u» write a nobler recovd fori 
IBW. day by day. If we have miterd the- opportunitira of I89i5« 
let us reBolve that this year at leaat our lampa shall bo tit and onr 
hearta listconiDg for the calJ of duty. 

See if you fAJujot hold out a helpiuj^ hand to some one ihrnogb 
this year, and by no doing win the " Ye have done it tmlo Me 
of the Master- IVobably ttwre aF« few plaeea in tlae workl 
a willing heart can ^nd bo many opportunitifa for aerJiUnafB 
at the Poly., and thoao older members who helped year by 
to build it op did so by living oat the truth that " it is toore 
to fn*^^ than to rciT^iYe." See, here are two pi^uree : which 
tbevn B tbe oobkr ? which shall teU tlw atory of your life T 

'* That tnaa ^dsta, but nev«r Uvea. 
Who FDdob ratviVBK and noithim; ^"^ S 
By Qona bdoved, by moat Furvirt. 
The aatioa'a han. the aiurch'a biuL'* 

4^iEkM that put tbe worda in which Whitticr dwcribe* 
■elf ^ot^Hful Uf e— 

'''Hia btid«l of tiHTtA » lTv«a. 
Tbu fnaM of liuida ■■ bUH. 
And ihe ^p tn our itielDait aad ghmta 
T^ k>tv yaan laay ao* HL 



AFPETTOIX 



I 



•"No dabj could oYprtaak him. 
Nil Qtwd hia ml\ oiitrua, 
AntJ f*rr our lipa oald aek htm 
QiH hoxula tho vork had done, 

" Ho forgot bis awn aonl for othen. 
Bimaalf tn hia neighbour lending; 
He found Ul6 Lurd in tik suffsriiiB brolhar*. 
And oab in bbe clDuda dnonudin^^' 

Happy, surely, the m&n whom hia fellow men miaft^ with wcnla 
like thme. May Ood help vaoh of us to to Jive thia year that there 
wouldt indeed, be ''« gap in the picked and choaen " of the Inabitute 
were ve to laave. 

Aa I write theeo closing words orawda of well-rememb*red and 
dearly loved faces come before mc, and mako me feci afretih how 
iTttflrly inadpfiuato pen and irk afr to taki* t.hi place of the living 
touch. A}ss ! tliat is impoBsible ; but 1 want to teli you all how 
much you aro in my thoughts, and how 1 value and prize the nuuiy 
kindly tokens of afFeclion and frittiidHEiIp which I havri received 
from fio many of you. To «fti?h and all of you 1 would fain give a 
peraoneJ Qod-epeed I would fain take youi Ikands in mine, and 
look inlrO your bright Engliah Tacva — dearer to me now than ever 
tlirough their very abecnce — and put my wishes for you Into the 
words of tho Old Book ; *^ The Liord bk-an thco and kc^p t>ii>o ; 
the Lord make his face Alkiiie i^f>on thee, and be gracious unto thee ; 
the Lord lift up Hia countenance upon thee, and give thee peace." 



{Theae lettem were received too late to be included in the 

chapters). 

WtUUh to a member who fiod a^kfd hU odvict nbaui tmcts to ^ot 

away. 

Stj)tcmbeT ISS5. 
My deau Boy, — 

\Vhat yoii aak me for* vie. a tract good for general dletribution and 
Ukely to awaken or intoreet the oarEvlcBs, is hd for as T know one of 
the rarest things in ttUs world- People seem to think that any one 
could write a tract. On the contrary, 1 beUeve that the production 
of a really good tract i^ one of the moat ^lifllcult literary feats which 
eould be undertaken. It ahould be striking, attraciivo* Veraij, full of 
vigour^ emd aharpcnod with conBtanb expresaiona or opigroma likely 
to stick iu the memory. One of the beat tracta T know of is that eu- 
litlod "He in eoming lo-rTi'.>nyiw," h5' the author of Uncie Tom's 
Cabin- T am having 10,000 of thom printed ae a Poly, Ictifiet. 
Another good tract is that vvhioh I ixiflerted in Hmive Tidinifs last 
week. What tlie world wani« E^ not so much a lot of writing about 
religion ae a dealing with ererj'thing in a religiaus spirit ; ond an 



QtnWTTfl HOGO 




■■y€)itla<r>&-f*JIeJ«att3JigtopianMybcMiifliw*»>> t»<B»Twy »ftg 

^ealer vnMmt of ihn rfl [■■urifJia id niij^loiM 

windBd tiwelogieal dkcone on 

I III mil lliliifc III! I rl I h mlliiiiitlj iiiImiiI 1 ■! TTj ii iW iwii ! 

«ra Aa^ to do anwh goo^ 

fTnOoiiOd 

Mr j>t;AM , 

Tfmtt lecttr reathed mm fOBt ai I 
tMSB tM^vOng 
UBrai D9« tbe mmd ■ bttng cold oad m n wio^ owlwde widi il* i 

: of wfaot it wiD do whsiitgeMvacH » 1^ Mtlmii^— > thM 
Sbov bM baoi UKns *1 d^, aod ii BAuljr do«a to MA 
wlai^i^^l ■■■ ■fciihlii iMhMt TTiiii 

«adalL Tfc^ oaKl to M7 Uvt Um SalMta void tlv 
ItalT.i!«a.ItUaki»nMi^veKOMaBiCiAB! Yfli,lH 

fa dns to ^ n7 faMd oot oC ilie vindow. I 
BommCiv visdov of wvBch n a fixtvr^ id 
loaold qplyetariwillBthfon^pfateiJOMt laaao^Ad^wlad a 
wA rlAM m S u ad fcj ; I faaiv lad two va7 had B^i^f^ taanl- 
bi^ oa both, and do rM, bm taw Thmn^n ham bsaa aaoeh ■( ttv^ 
I«liteto«Mld»devbc9vIkft'tia«. Idsn'tti^MTof tfacM 
tBf^ DBHrt 9''" floK fa ****"K. aad faiv ^■dfy I 

|«Mi do to IMfa to falp «M^ fa<olfan and tiNt i«a> •» 
'I«MM»^^to^H-l^ttl»lncC^boM «rf lao to ■■!■■>■! I 
■■■^f1 lijmnaii !■! Mimiirr nng *■! I rfMlUMWilm' 
VM. Ton umat keep 4^ leifck 5«iv fadnido^ wtwlt, tfam"* « 
bo^r, ttoi cnly doa eadi -wk bleaa l2ie loMJtnte «od yo^ on I 

yott «3I fad it ^v* yaa BM^ ^hI tive favBih. boHid fa jiH b^ 
BoUmig tiie oea ^niile Ifar God UeH bhI keep jM 
jDn ^nnrtb fafa Hb laege l3 ifampfid ihniinti end 
Ikraa^ wi&fa Hk Lft^^ WbB» BASA is Ood wiilt OL 

Wwmm »d )KeW ^nm Jftidi* Bomm, Dtm^m^ im Jfdf t8». 

Mr DUB ^ 

Yov 1M« ef 4o fad Mck«d BB OB Mder nd 1 

^•m faewB ntaob Adi^ I oaftfr^ TOB vfl bok 

falfaueok^vtovn^BBBBdiM. 

Ia> MIT fatfaV iMM taflyOi A V«T Md Uof »BB, ^ J 




fWT^W lll l l ^J - 



APPENDIX 



M 



which is full of HaditPSH to ma. Denr WUIoiighby,' who ib £o me liko o 
Bon. nnti whmn I havp atwftys Invfid tm such, ha^ taken bucIi h fikiu-y 
to ths Colony that he haa aakod mo to let him atey out horo as an 

ovoraeor on one o£ my oabatoa. I was very loth to say " yoe " bat 
Will Ue^^ikI aa hard ani^ gavti aut^h good ruouoi^ that I &1 laat con- 
uentod^ It viU be a Bod wrmch to my hoart atJ-inge vthen I havo to 
go Bway next month and ioavo him bohirul mo. I hate to think of 
film out here liy himdulf aad no homo to go to, nu OQO to caJ him 
" oou^" He wdl not be without fnendB however^ foT he wiJ b«on an 
□BtatrOmanagad by Horry Garnettfirho is aiaotherof my words who 
lived with mo for sevea yeara. H^ ie. moroovor, &d old acliool- 
feUow of Will's, and wdl look af tor him for iiiy aa.ke. ^ - . Since 
1 last wrote wo have bseo in Berbico for a week, whcro wo got poai- 
tivoEy devoured by moaquitoea. though I auffered much lees than 
any one oIbc^, being, I auppoae.in aufh a bloodl^HS condition that 1 
was not worth aucking. Have you heard much of Douglas lately 1 
£le writcm his mother capital letters, and pven Bchiovod oav t& me the 
othar day fuU ol che details ol hie work And pr-iscfl- 



Wrilien to a meiriber Irom Manitou Sj/rint/g, Colt>f<ido. in AxiQVJti 

1886. 
Mjf DBAa . 



Your letter raachi^ me two Of three dayA ago up At Fart Collins, 
where i had gone for awoek toviaitour little colony of thirty Insti- 
tute boys who have scttlod ia that ni.^ighbourhood. In the firat place 
you need not apologise fnr anytliiiig you have written, dear boy ; 
nothing haflsuataiaod and helped meeo much, ae far aa earthly ihiogs 
1^, Bfi the love and eyujp&tliy of my boya. I am afraid I should never 
do for a Buddhist, (they mako tha entire Bupprp(«ion of all hvimEui 
aEffctiona and emotions the liigheat mark of holinesa), 'or ee 1 grow 
older 1 seom to find more and more worth loving and odnuriog and 
being lovwi by in this heantifiil *orld of our Grt^t Fathor's. 

Well, you will be^vanting tc hear how our boya have got on. Very 

fairly wt-ll in every oasOf I think 1 may say, P is getting |3 

per day hh clerk at eomn quarrits, ht* used to earn t^| aa labourer. 
All the othera are at rougher work. Those who have been here long 
are oornin^ $26 per ntonth cmd their board, the newer ones getflG 
Ut S20 oiLd board. MarkoL uiardf^ning, mni-hing, qnarryitig and 
bricklJt-ld work are the prinoipal occupatione- It coata f5 to $7 
to board at a hotel per week, but two or throe boja hiring a room 
euid " ba tubing " together e&n live comfortably at t2 to t2j per 
week' The work is hard, there iii no loafing, no Bitting dowTi when 
out ol work, but nono who roally buckit? to need want work if they 
cx)n» out ia the Spring. I spent two or three days up in the hdla 

^ Wiikiughby Mantgomscyi his ward* 



m 



QUiNTIN llOCMi 



wiihoomftof thci hoya on a ranch, voaU lived id piorucstyEet but very 
liappily uoverthi^lebe, . . 

FVom Fort CoHirm we went to Denver and thpmre to BfAoitaii. &| 
the foot of Pike's Peak, the original of *' Pike*d Pt^ak or huat " said 
lo have beca Hie watchword of early eoiigrautd hoimd wistwaH. 
Vfti weitt lap It ypeXffrday and were fri^tfiilly peppered with hsil' 
«toikefl eoinini; down ; iudeedi we felt them fitinginj; tbrou|;li our 
clotliea bke flipa hota a nhip. The Rockita oiri a spleadid raogo 
nnd yoG aeu f heni stretching in every direction fer 200 mi]ea aa ytja 
look out Erom Great Pilte, which in one of the highest points tM 
the N. Aineriuui conUncni. bt^ing bc-l«eeii 14.000 and 15,000 frnt 
ahove the spa. Thi* st4^ngi> thing hert-, however, is tn think that the | 
plains Btretohing himdrods of miles to Montana and Idatio and New 
Mexico aro fjoin 4.000 to 0.000 Feet above iho eeOkthe highest LjD 
top in Scotland bijrng only 4,400, 



WriUen to a msmber Iron CaicuUa in 1887. 



My deak , 

You must hftvo felt quite proud at aeeing your firat lil«raiy effort 
in print. Why did ynu not M.nd me the p^ipflr I Hind yon do 
at oni^ by return, so that I Timy eee where the editor thou^t yon 
hod beeu funny to tho oxt<rnt of 8#> , > > J Tcnierober speaking 
on that subject, " A DiHcipte. but aecretjy." quite well, though 1 do 
not remember the ocoult meaning of that particular look to whiol) 
you refer. At uny toto. if I had aiich meaning it has gone out of my 
head» for you nnist remember the lime you refer to has passed b»- 
tiEreeniAO and three mortlia. ^ . Aa to atampe I am sending Douglofi 
by thin mail a complete set of Indian odhoeive atajnpe, I am obh^^ed 
to send your li-tu^r, and Indeed most of my li'ltcTi^ in one covvir to do 
this. 1 have put them in a registAred envelope end addrfvcsed it to 
the office, roquertciitR Ibem to cut it open cor^ftilly and si^nd it to 
Doiiffliifl, However» lo naoke up I send youaneortwootheratamp^ 
but I eipect you hove moat of thnm, 

1 wofl so very glad to road what you told me about C , indeed 

had 1 known about it before I think I woidd have niode sumo cOorl 
to keep up the AddrMses in Home Tidinffs- The ditTieulty, Iiowt-vpt, 
U threefold. Firet it waa very carponaive printiiig Hofme Tidirtga 
the site it was produced previouji to its reductidOt involving a Ion 
of £400 C1T £500 per nnniim. Of course, a good deal of this was doe 
to the printing of the t-ln^ not«B, but Hiikl it wmUd cost me Doi lees 
than £250 a year to publish the aemion. Secondly, comes tJue diflS- 
eulty amounting slmrvt lo an imprHsibLlit^* of finding sermonB suit- 
able to our fellowEi while 1 am away. Our hoys do not eecnn to ears 
to refid outeide oddrca^eef and it is a pity to wflato a Ifvge eum of 
money in printing wlfai nolTody carf* alxiuL Thirdly is tbw rjuoH- 
tinn of my own time. It wbh a coniiderable tex upon me to prodiioe 
toy address each week in addition to my other work* I have had« 



APPENDIX 



407 



bfaonk Cod. many tcstimuiLica fruui our ffilloWB of good having b^seJi 
received from these &ddrv«H4?9 in Hi>mf. Tidings, and. icdoHl, when 
I read thetn over di9pasaionat>f?ly aad try to look at thorn merely oc a 
oriLiCp I do iLlnk Ihera euitabla lor the work which they have to do ; 
but on^'e health must be conAidErad more Gf Imb. and 1 certainly did 
not l«J equal when 1 was in England loat autumn to getting itito full 
Bwiii^ agoiji ; indeed I eufft^r^ from doing the work I did. During 
my abftonce I am afrnid thara la nothing for it but to riiss out the 
addreea. Whon I i^omo bo^k porhape U I tan woU onough, I will 
try to r«Bviue the addrefis, but on a eli^htly mom r^uced acale^ , . . 
The poetry you send is a considemblfl improvement oti the flret 
rrffort. Some of tho thoughts are rather nioe. and iJie expro^ion of 
them very fair. The rhythm of tho firat portion ia betUr than that 
of the serond, which \a a little laboured. Give my love to all tJie 
tioj'B at the Institute, or rather to any ^O cure lo liavu it, and 
wiahiivg you and all of them a briglkt and happy Now Veej and every 
blesfling which may be good for ytm. 

Bslieve ma, 

Yours ofieoly., 

OH. 



WriUcn to a fnembcr vfho had hefn su^'pcndfd for aortic breach of the 

In^iiiuii rtdcs. 

Mv DFAR Boy, — 

You are entirely wrong, and have pervertod both my words and 
my mannfir. You nay I *' laughed " at you whi^n you cmno to me 
for justice. You must knovr perfoctJy wed that I oitplainod to you 
carefully th© whole biiainefiB two or three times over, alihoo^ it was 
very late and others wpro wniting to ep^ak lo tne. It k p^rfaetly 
tnie I flaid half bantering that you ahouJd think yourself Lucky in 
getting off eo eaaiJy ; and in aober truth I think bo. Your letter to the 

CQmn>iI and your language to C and H were nil most ndvirse 

to your int^reata. Certainly i was* and em, very eoiry for you, but 
I could not but acquieace in the juntice of your sentence. I cievet 
sajil that the Council were looking out lor ft ohance of Iripping you 
up. 1 merely told you that you had a bad name Mvith those reepon- 
aible fof the order of tlio place, and this la tho tMso. You eomplein 
that T did not tsTt yon of tliis. I did w&ni you two or three times aliout 
your waya of behaviour, but you never would admit there wb« any- 
thing amisB, and the tont^ you took up laat tiight ia an additional 
proof, worn one wanted, of the receptioEi any fiirtlier warniiiga would 
have met with. Surely you Hee the difference between my having 
boys Mith mo and laying myself out lo help them, and your brmging 
very young boya into an Institute full of fellows of tilterly diffeient 
Bg€fi and habit*. Wflre T to devote myaeU to taking one or two boy« 
to my club, or to a place whefe Ihey would te noticed and mode 
much of, a parallal would exiat. Iiuwtiv<^, dear boy, I dcn^t want 




408 



QUIKTIN HOGG 



to Uflvww TOOT vteterunts or combAt yovr v^Dximl& It ■■ ' 
cojoujsIa jtqu ahovk) Ee>cZ aotG, for no puiuihaneiit a rfe— act ftt the 
tiflie, ami I would rHilnr octnipy royapAf in symtittlfay UiAn in Brand- 
ing. You must KmatilieF fliAt A ro&D cao pot hoDAllf mtOA positMo 
and itanvi ot mind vherc sympathy ie nimfttt ab mpoMabiUty — tw 
perLape I hliould a&y the expreetuan of it u an impoanbilityv It ■« 
qaita a different thmg ■ymp&thfzing ukI ivoviding for oiw who 
regrotA hui conduct &nd seeks azTkCDdineDtp azul dbcnriii^ liio aamo 
^ii)|iaUiy to Llioee vho adiiJl do iuii^^qb ol their own wbdo liioy 
nin(; afctmatkniB of " perjuiy/' '* Ij^ing," etc, etc. mgam^i oUicn- 
Get over your crow fi?eiing, luy boy, judge yomrnoU tJiAi you thaj b* 
the ]cBb judjcod uf others, and realize Lbe poaaibiliby ctf J^ — bciuc 
wrong aa Wf^JL a£ the others. The change fracn the qtueC Mnxmphrra 
of the Council meetii^f wbPTB a oonatant endeavour wss inaiufeated 
to ovt-tLooW the bone of /our t*yo\ia)t [eiter^ and to r^menklMv aacb 
good pointa aa yoa hAd ethihitfid, ta that; of your complaint% «Ba 
not flatt-orinc to yoii, to eay the Joaet of it. No one would have reoag- 
iii^ed this »oouer thao yourvdf bwj you not boeo an iDt«T«ted par^» 
Sc5t tn work and uae your fortnight widely and wcU sod mtum junougat 
us humbJer and better baUaatod, Lhere'a a good boy, and no OiM vill 
be biittor pJcaaod than 

Yours aflee.. 



doMH 



Writtnt to Am ftdest 9on from Snrz. 

My DEAK Boy, — 

I havu be4>ii )iere since Friday ovening ependiQ^ time whioh I 
huvc occupied [iiueh mom oproc^obly at Cairo, bul &till have uo 
of mulht^r ujid tt^ /^ern(t TtiB vtt^c^l iu not Fven yet »!' Furt 
80 fit the e^rlieat ^he csnnot be in nntU tA-marrow aftemnon. Thi 
ifl very little to be ueen hi-re, but the plaoo is eo rich in hifitori< 
mr<moricw that were it not for ell that 1 have loet at Cairo* I should 
at nil wnary at btdng here. . . . Yffit^rduy I ercia^ted the f^y, 
my donk^ with inc in the boat and rodo eight mil c« actobs the 
to tho Wella oF Moeca, where tradition haa placed ancient Mantbi 
Thift mnat clearly have Ifoen wrung, tuit on the other bend tbme wells 
can Jiordly fail to have hoen the firet camping plaoe of the fugitive 
1oTueLt«fi after the dcfltruction of Pharoah^a arroy>^ - . . AD around; 
at low tide are Htill shoalf* and shnllows, hi^h and dry, while throu^i 
them the passage to the Cannl is kept dredged by conatAnt work and 
stone groyne^ the ooiiree being carefully buciyed every hundred' 
yardfl to prtrvent veefleU from goiDg aahore^ What must havati«p*1 
pfined U. 1 thinh, privity riear. M<:u^t^ pttah«d sora^i^ the fotda OMT 
Suoz vrhich wens in an imufluaUy fovourabla oondition o^ing to a 
strong nortij wintJ, Tliu E^plioEi 'iruiy tried to follow, oblivioua of 
the ri£big tide which a siuidcn change of wind aeeompanied by a heavy 



APPENDIX 



409 



tliundorstorm {pB. 77- IQ-20 id nbviousJy ao aocount of thiR i^rofiEirko;. 
UiD lost verse btin^ condu^^ve on tKid point) had render^'d t|ie( ially 
DUtinouB. Th<i roHitiL wad an quful [^BtdHbropht- Fiomi^wlial sinular 
to ttiat trhich orojiook KJng John's wagons in tlia Weah. Moaee 
l*ftw, and ft* w rightly, Cod *fl Hand in thoaoOtricHy nQturfllc'i:curi'ciicoB. 
f[jr JndigiiificajkL b£ Ute JewB wue tii many Wftyb, no nulion heti pro- 
duced Taen of such tijgh ffpintuftJ Uiotight tu^ 1I1O0? vhoeo ikturunoBa 
mre pMoervtd for lu in porta of tho Scripture*. All tlie world over 
Among civilizul nuLlanfl, uivn c«n find no words in witicb Uiey oaTi 
■O spproprLately expr^ffl tJie ftcortta of tlieir hearts a& Ihose w^ii^h 
Cune from the lipe of Hebrev podtd* prophot«t 'uid philosophore- 
Good-bye, dooreet buy- This will be the laat letter I thnU addi-esA to 
E)ton, tlipi no^l wiL be aent lo Rome. How many prizes are you 
going to bring mo tbis term ? 

Your off ea. 



WriUfm to hu fidai stm, who tats ffoing to apend his Ckruitrarts 

IkulidiiyH in JUdy. accompanied hy n tutor and one 0/ 

Mr. Hogg** toard*. 

NMfcmbcr. 1686. 
Mr DEAB Boif ,— 

T Ifl^t wrote you from Rome, which I feft hwt Friday, niriving al 
NapLce the aanko evening. ^ . . Now as to your trip^ Make it oi 
course a reel holiday, but try to gain aomo perrnaneat benpfit from 
it. KnowWIgft and love nf art are not your stroTig points, but 
you should t^ndcnvour to cnltivato eome acquaintam^tr x^jth th^iu, 
and you will not find it diflicult to truin your ta^tCi When you go 
to a muHetim. don't If t ^^ourself be bdwiklered with the immenee 
mtua of pointing or etatuary — muDh of it is not wortii attention 

— but ask Mr. B ' to ehovr you the best things and to point out 

nhy they aru bo oormidered. You will ooun uue tliot Naturalnes/i 
is tbe nuLln thing in art, B^d that a seulplor ia ^root or the revor^^^ 
as he can reprcaant fsithfully a living human being aa contrasted 
tvitb «J1. ^'proportioned, wooden-looking ragn boord. Thiui 
when you hove had the best pointed out to you a few times, 
SDo if you cannot piuk ^ome out for yourself and chock your choice. 
With pi^Lurra it will ItG mui^h the some. All Muiilloa are beautiful* 1 
think, and the Sistinp Chapel at the Vatipon must or no oceounf i^ 
mi^iod. But attPt all thu chief attraction to Komc are thc> ruinai 
and if you will rub up your Roman hieLory you will never be weary 
of wendaring amongst and questioning the stores of this wonderful 
city. - . . Ono more matter- Remember the plcoauro of the trip 
will depend largely on yuur being plecwmt ond soeioblo togsther. 
Remember also that the aurent way of being happy la to endeavour 

1 Tha tutor. 



410 



Qi 



HOGO 



to make otben hnppy. B« careful to do hU in J^onr power to make 
Mr. B — —'a took or wwy tuid plcdouit one. Let htro fed «J1 Umm^ 
thai fae a dealing yritAt a geutletaan. aad ray deGoilioR erf a gecktJemHi 
is " on&cvhohu regard to thAvuhea and f«elin^ of others." Inaocii 
tripA aa yoa are gomg there ib alwaj^ a certaia aroooot of give and 

lak«. Soiuelimefl Mr- B or E— — ' may sriah to go to aonie piaoe 

other than Lhnt vhich you would have preferraL Doo't Bipect 
atirays to hovo your own way. Not only give way, but do it plaa- 
B&ntly and cliwrJuJly, that they may find {fleoaare at other times 

In iLFiving way to yoLi- . - . Ah regards Mr. B , joa wdl. I think. 

Jike }um. He icecla you quito prepared to Uke yvu and bo Idctd lo 
you, but remenibefr that he U rewpottaibJe to me for your health and 
all else, aa you moHt be guided by him just hh yoa wouki be by ok: 
Little mattora of dothing, etc., apparenUy ecnali in theiiMdvca, may 
de of Bome importance when you are abroad- All tfouble in Italy 
oommencce with c^hillA, and the sun c^an be tw hot and tho wind oimI- 
denly beeom« eo cold that it puzzles one aoraetJm^ hcrwfeodfesa 
Now. precious boy, good-byo. Uiad you write to me eve»y mail 
teliiiiff me huw you are enjoying yourself and what you b^TD wwi, 
and Allow me lo remind you that 1 have not 3'el tieord the result ot 
the Eton and liarroK MasCer??^ match v^hich yov wer^ to >ead me. 
Good-bye onuo more- God blsan and keep you. 

Your aSec, 

Father, 



Letter of tliankt to a 



My dear 



rAfinhrr Jfrr a eonlribution 
Fund. 



tc iht Endotctmenl 



}Jcvfjnbcrt 168*. 



Your li'Tt+'t wafl lyinp; on toy table this (vering, and I W«* "^T 
1ouche<[ by it and ita f nn<rnte< The Hum is a lar|^ one for yOU to 
spare, dear boy. but you will not be e pixirtT man for it^ any nx«e 
than 1 am (he poorer for having spent my strength and health, m^ 
well aa a groat portion of aJl I poescw of money wealth, on tho 
Poly. So great a leridmony to your intert^t in it makes you in 
many ways a parlflkcr among Ihoee who provide the place for iheir 
peor^r brethren, and in doye to come when you and I bavo both 
sent i& our checks, we ehall bolJi of us be able to look back on mutJl 
money and time fipont lo Itna pvrpoee tlian wliat we b«%towed om 
the Poly, Many tliDnke. dear boj-.for your gift, and f or aU tho 
love and Etympofhy involved in it. 

Yoara affeely., 

Q. H. 

I enclote you a copy of the appeal I am eending ouU except the 
ciaBfl Uflt, which you know already 1 



» Mr. Hogg-, vord. 



APPENDIX 411 

The Goreming Body of the PoJytechaio — 

PtendetU , , J, E. K. STUDD, Esq. 

Vice-Prendent . DOUGLAS M. HOGG, Esq. 

Ald. E. M. Beaohoboft, L.o.a 
F. A. Bbvan, Esq. 
T. Blaseill, Esq,, l.o.o. 
£. M. Denny, Esq, 
J. R, DiQGLE, Esq., «.a. 
De. Wm, Gabnett, m.a,, djj.u 
Rbv. B. H. Haddbn, b.a. 
Vincent R. Hoabe, Esq, 

LOBD HOWABD DE WaLDEN AND SeATOBD. 

A. L. Leon, Esq., j.f., L-CO- 
Stuabt Sanrby, Esq. 

HOWABD MOBIxBY, EsQ. 

W. E. Mullens, Esq. 
Thb Hon, T. H. W. Pelhah. 
J. F. P. Rawunson, Esq., r.c. 
Sib Owen Eosbbts, m.a„ d.o,l. 
E. White, Esq., i^.c-o. 



Any young man between the agee of 16 and 26 is eligible ; 
a registration fee of 1^. is charged, which constitutes bis eDtrance 
fee on admission. The subscription is 3.?, per quarter. 68. 6(1. 
per half year, or IO0. 6ri. per annum. This entitles him to the 
use of the gymnasium, readirig' rooms, refreshment- room, 
biJIiard-room, library, free legal advice by an experienced 
lawyer, and admisaion at reduced rates to the classes, concerbi 
and holiday arrangemente. The IO0- 6d, subecribeFs, in addition 
to the above advantages, are admitted free into the swimming 
bath, and supplied with the PolylecJtnic Magazine. Associates 
and honorary members are from time to time elected by the 
Governing Body. 

There follows a complete list of the Polytechnic clubs and 
societies, many of which &Fe subdivided into sections which 
are not here specified. 

». d. 
The OymnaBium- 
The Polytechnic Athletic Club, annual subacnption . . . fi 

Cricket. 

Football (Rugby and Association). 

Idwn TeiuiiB. 

Rowing. 

Swimming (Water Polo). 



tl2 



Q0IWTIN HOGG 



Tbs Cycling Glultf aqqubI nubscripLion, )0d> to [tt«iiig 

raoml*«ra ; t^ othera . , . , . . 



Til© I'olyteirhniD UiHo Club 
(MoTTLs Tubo proetiuo.) 
The HiirTiiira 
"Die VoluuLeen* 



. acuiuaI aobacription 



a. d. 

ft 

T « 

6 



1 



etLtroDCO lee 

The Voluijr^jr Medical Slail Corpa (No. 4 CnrnponyW 

The BcikIti}; Club subscripbion par atasuij ol 6 nnjuUis 

The RAttiblers .... wmuul aobscription 

The ParliAincnb . , . . „ „ 

Ttte FtoucU Society , . . . „ „ 

Ttie Germ&n Sopiety , , - . „ ,» 

The Mutual Iinprovemoat Saciety . „ „ 

Hie SliDrth&nd Qociaty ...» •> 

TliP ReAding Cimfa .._.,. 

Tho MilitAiy Band ... - sub por qi;&rt«r 

Tlie GhrifidLun Mipwtun (vorioun becliuuB) „ m 

The TotAl AbHiinence Bc«ieEy . . aanuftl Bubsoription 

The Photographic Socioty . . „ *• 

Tlie LaiiL^ni Society , . < ■ h •* 

The Eloclrical En^iiwering Booioty. 

The Archit^otuTftl Kut^neoring Society. 

The Day SchooJ Enginooricg Society, 

The Sketiahing Ctub - . . , anniul RDbennpiioxi 

The CheEfl and DrmiighU Club . . „ ,. 

ni© Natural Hiatory Sooioty 

Tlie Sunfifty Evening Clioir- 

Tbe Old (juintiikiAo Club (formor Ofty School Scholan). 

The Library (with aixjcial t^^cluiita] libraries)' 

Over 600 cloflseA in ILti ditTf?rent uubjecU are he^d cvs^ry vpnk 
At the Polytoohnic. The foUowing is a ooniplirUr list* Hip diHcrwil 
" Schocitii." of cuuroe, conl«in clBB9«fl in Bvoy bTHJioh ot Uie eubj«.'l 
they deal with. 



t 
1 
I 

2 

1 

I u 
I {f 



3 A 

3 a 



Carpentry and Joinery. 
SturcDBO and H&ndrBihngd. 
Metal l\jiTii]kgp obc., and Dynamo 

building. 
ilioycLo MnUiug and Motor con- 

Btruclioji- 
Carriage and Motor Car con- 
struct ior ' 
Carriage and Motor Cor building* 
T^or^'s cutting. 
Boot and Shoe mai]ijf*cturor eu:. 
Plorabinf;. 
Uphoklcryi 



Brickwork and Mflflonry. 
ihuldin^ Quantjties and E»li- 

iLiatiiLg, 
Land t^urveyiug aod LovoUio^ 
Sanitary Engir>Bering. 
Cabinet Making. 
Scale Drawing and Doeigniug. 
Full-flix(? Working Diswiii^ 
Smith's work. 
Woodwork, 
Painting. 
^imiuitJg* 
Tebpaphy. 



APPENDIX 



413 



Typography (varioua claflon]. 

Hetol Plate Work, 

Gas Manufacture, 

Hairdreaaiiiig- 

Otl», Colours, et4X 

Workahop Arithmetic. 

Pure and Biixed Mathematktt 

(various.) 
Botany. 

Zoology, 

lAtin. 

Greek. 

Italiaiu 

FVenoh. 

Spanish. 

Elngliah. 

'Hinj l iiatji.ni- 

Biology. 

Agricnltura and Horticulture. 

Hygiene. 

Mineralogy. 

Arohitflcturoi Demgn, 

Geometry 1 various- ) 

Machine Construction. 

Steam and Steam Engines. 

Magnetism and Electricity 

(various.) 
Sounds Light and Heat- 
Building Construction (various.) 
Fini Aid to the Injured. 
Nursing. 
Commocial Arithmetic 



EleotricoJ Engineering (voriooa.) 
Meciianioal Engineering. 
English Grammar and Businem 

Handwriting. 
English CUm for Foreigners. 
Book-keeping. 
Political Economy. 
Dante Readings. 
Practical Boainesa couTM- 
Hatricolation Leoturea (various). 
B.A. d^;roe „ „ 

B.Sc. degree „ 
School of Domeetio Econon^. 
., Cookery. 
„ ,. Musio- 
„ „ Elocution. 
ft „ Electricity. 
„ ,, Architecture. 
„ t. Engineering. 
„ „ CbfmiHtry. 
„ „ Carriage and Motor 

Gar building. 
,. ,. Photographic Trades, 
„ t, for Preparation for 
Civil Service* Army, 
Navy, and otiier 
examinations. 
» tP Art. 
„ „ Bcienoe^ 

», Shorthand, Typing, 
Book-keeping and 
Business Training. 



INDEX 



Aberdeen, Earl of, 143-147 

Aolaad, BIr.,226 

AdAm'a Peak, 121 

Addresaee by Hr. Hogg, 374-331, 

392,304 
Alexandria, lOG, 107 
Ameriu, 72, 172, 233, 343, 352 
Ameer of Afghanutan, 1 l(t 
AiidersOQ, Dr., 201 
Annual EEhibitioQg, 142 
AoHtey, Ur., Q. C.,212 
Argyll, Duke of, 34, 3fi, 83 
Artiaan'a Inntitnt^, 202, *J03 
AflhburtoQ Challenge BbieLd, 33 
Atbletio Club, I49» 227 
AtODemtmt, The> 313 
Attook Bridge, 116 

B 
Barbadou, ISB 
Bamardo'B llomefl, 238 
Batavio, 130 
Begging, 236 
Beran, Hr. R,aL.,7ft 

— Mr. P- A., 79 
Benam, 122 
BflreavemerLt. 315 
Bible, Tho, 305 
Birdflneat eoup. 129 
BirkbeclE, Dr„20t 
Birthday carda, 269 

— letter, 277 
BlisKt, Mr.,29 

Board of Education, "00 
Trade, 200 

— Schools, 201 

Boer War, 280, 350. 361, 360-34US 

Bombay, 110, 176 

Bond, Bfr,B„ 212 

Borough Polytechoic, 241 

Bruoe,Mus,79 

Brycse, Right Hon. J., 212 

Buitouorg, 183 



CalontlA, 123, 192 

Cuipbell, Lord Arohibald, 34, 35 



Campbell, Mrs. George, 49, 74, 75 

~ Mr. Qiariv, 253, 256 

Canton, 128, 1S6 

Cavee of Elepbante, HI 

Caatle Street, 72, 73, 92, 102, 204, 

252 
Gawnpore, 120 
Charity CommiMionm, 212, SI 5, 

224,253 
Cheam, 47 
Cbioego, 174,233 
Chinne theatre, 126 
■^ dentist, 128, 1S6 
Chin Cho. 188 
Cholera outbreak, 57 
Christcaa« dinner fund, 23d 
Chriatiao Workers' Union, 148 
City Quilds lostitula, 146, 203, 205, 

214 
C,I-V,'fl, 382 
Class distinctions, 2S6 
Colombo, 123, 348 
Gonduots, 68 
Coolie mission, 328 
Corry, Mr,, 263 
County Coonoil, London, 220, 227. 

251, 330 
Col, Mr., 92, 06 
Creedfl,301 
Cripps, Mr,. 339 

Cunynghame, Mr., 212, 213, 227 
Currio. Sir B., 214 
Cycling Club, 227 



Dandnff, 274 

Darjeelmg, 193 

Day Sobool, boys, 151, 269, 290 

girls, 236, 237 

Daydkwo of the Fast, 298, 381 

Dayton, 363 

Death, Mr. Hogg*a, 309 

Delhi. 112 

Demerara, 82, 85, 90, 105, 164, 168, 

319,343 
Dttmy, Mr. T. A,, 252, 253 
Deotiat, Chinese, 128, 186 
Davoiiabijo, Doka of, 147 



us 



4» 



Diunond Rock. 170 

Dick. Qointin. 21 

Dittkey. 17,23 

Didd™, Mr- 253 

DiffuaLon, 3^20 

Difectorvhip*. Mr. Hogg's, 329 

Dupuii, r'T^BlO 



Rducftbional olrUM«, 102-146* 149 

EJ«arUs.Mr., 3fia 

Ejfypt. H)Q 

EJemffntAry EdQc&tiLm Atjt, 203 

El?phftnta> Cavqh al. 111 

Endowment Fund. 177, ^Ifi. ^^1 
Gngii^mtint M Mr. Hogg, 7t4 
Eton. 30, Oa, 8.^ 

— infiiiDucc I'licrei, 37 

— footlfitJl cup, 33 

— Ipihvad, 47 

— atoPiW cf. 3ft 

— Hiitidfty tAfLv^. 3ft 

— viuifH u». nr»- <i7 
Exliibition I^AI. £00 



uly life. 387, 2W 
Wadav. 1*7 

FiruuicJal liiflicultiee, 153 
Fiiuhiiry Colli^^p, 203 
Fire, im 1^5. I7i 

Footbnll, 30. 53, 02. lUI, 67 

Funeral scirvkv. 311 
Fututeiifc, SOS. 31L 

Q 
aanete, Mr., 82, 40tt 

Oirlfl' Institute. ^37 

Oosohen. I'orJ, ^i>^ 

GovBrtiinjJ! Bodj^ Iii4>4tl 

(^■hun. Mr. W., 7M,S4.8U,S9. 149 

— Miaa. 187 

Oymnssiujii, 227 

OuiHobfVi, (>7, 66 



Hog^. FredRrin, 21.29, ftl. Il>2, SAQ 

— FJijrettfle, *0 

— la^i, 8B, ]3f>. 343, 302« 303 

— Joc/ib, 17 

— Udj, 19, -22. 36, 40. SB. ^5, SS 

— M&lootin, 140 

— Sir Jam« Wecr. 17, lA, t». 2«. 

21. 2-i -27. 28, SO, 58, 6S, 02, 
71, S2, 89, 100. 3^ 

— Stujvt, 360 
" William, 17 
HoHdny fund, S34, fi3& 

— iKiniH, 65, «g. 260. 366 

— U>nr», B31 
HoUy Hill. ». 139. l&B, 1T«, 1»]. 

231 
Holy Lund, 351 
UongKon^, 128,186 
Hoiuing CanunitlAs 3flS 
Buntly. Mni^ui* Of, S4, 36. 41, 66, 

67 



Infliii^naia, 344 

InAUnmiiin ^1 

Imtituiifl, DoaDnfldMnwnt «f . 79 

■^ dBrelopmoot fil, Bl, HJ3. 14"-* 
IiuDTJuir^e story. ^HO 
Iiitur'FoTylrcliDJ^ S^tort^, ^134 
Trizlaud, toorg to. 232 
Itttly, 81 



jEipan» 133 

Stpanftwi ^4>Atre. 134 

JmiDtsr, Sir W, 37 

Jayporo, HI 

Jihrickuhu, 136, 129 

Jofoea, Rov.J.L.,30,31.»,HTS 



Kandy. 124 

Hhvbor piku. I IS 

Jvlllick, R^v. R, K., 40» 4», 50. 51 

t^iruuurd. Lord. 34, 51, 06. 61| 62. 

66. 78. 253 
Kobond prdvinfe, 117 



Hunilton. AbipE&O, 17 

HoirLDra, 227 

HftTTOrf, 296 

Kertnd&npuni, 105 

Uoare, Hr. V. R.. 290. 352, 355, 30« 

— MfH.. 239 

Hofi«, .iiinie, 21, 3B, 29, 60, fli 

— iXjui,!*.', 82, 232, 23fi, 341. 302, 

3<tl, ^fA 3U0 

— l^ide, 85, 239. 255, 361 



Labour B^nuu, 240, 247 

Act. 2*7 

Lahore. IU» 120 

Laal act, Mr. Hogg'n, JC9 

Lanreniv. Arebdoaoan, 39 

^ Mr W..M.P., 34,3ft 

Lnr'a Hohuol, 30 

L^-f.'Lvre, IQ 

Lntlvr* of Iravd. L04-I35, 163-100. 

339 366 
— from m«fDbi9ra, 221. S33 



INDBX 



4J7 



LettofB from Mr. Hogg on Atoiw- 

ment, 313 
— ' from Brmdisi, 404 
-^ birthdfty totton, ^7, 357 

— to ft boy in lodift. 3&1> 
in S. AfrioA, ISO, 360 

— from Calootta, 192, 406 

— on oonvoraion, 64, 1A6, 1S7 

— on ChriBtiaa work, 225, 3t2 
^ from aty. 64, 68,67 

— bom DvmvtfB, 190, 1«0, 334, 

335,404 

— from Darjoalinff, 163 

— on dAncing, 274 

— on ducipliua, 315, 407 

— from EtoD, 32, 34 

— on Eton Bjnagogae, 42, 43 

— on odnoatfon, SG6 

— on Endowment Fund, 222, 223 
-~ from Honx Kong, 195 

— abont HoUd»y Homei, 85 

— about Future life, 311 

— dboat Moody, 83, 84 

— to Mr, Hontfcomery, 279-81, 

360-65 

— from Honiloa, 405 

— from New York, 191 

— About reformatory boy«, 276 

— about poetry, 277, 279 

— about papor mafaii^g, 859 

— abont pTBaching, 35B 

— about amoking, 242, 273 

— to rick frjand, 257 

— abont tnota, 403 

— about trftvamng, 409 

— from Soea, 408 

— from Strata Sattlamanta, 104 

— about Woolwioh Pohrteobuo, 

272,276 

— about Trinitlea, 159 
IJtcrature in Ragged School, 0] 
Local OovommeDt Act, 251 
Loiklon County CounoU, 226, 227, 

251,330 

— lYadM Council, 142, 144, 146 
ton^ Aore, 92, lOl, 143, 144 
Lomriana, 323 

Lubbook, Alfred. 34 

— BlrNevils,3l9,32l 
Luoome, ohAleta, 234 



Haooabb.Mr., 115 

Hodeira, 103 

Uaghoramome, Lord, 20, 48, 120, 

261 
Blartiniqno, 170 
Hauritioa. 321, 343, 349 
HoQaret, Mr.. 48,49,319 
Ueahanio'a lortitut*. 202 



Hogara, 321, 323, S52, 3H, 369 
Membership, 142 
Morton, 141. 303 
Millia,Hr.,a06 

Mitohdl, Hi. Bobort, 101, 145, 141, 
232, 233, 234, 235, S54, 372 
^ Hi«., 234 
Mixed olaBiwa, 237 
Montf^omery, Mr., 279, 350, 300-365, 

405 
Moody. Mr. D. L., 82, 83, Bl, 140, 

172, 191 
Mortlake,]41 
Uoaqoitoi. 12T 
HundeDa, Ur., 147 

N 
Kaplea, 104 
Hata],850 
New York, 172,358 
Kow Year's lettera, 383-3B9, 401 
Niagara, 173 

Nioholflon, Ctaarlea, 41, 120 
— John, 22, 23, 29, 114, 120 
'* Nioodemi," 264 
North British and Mercantile Tnaur 

onoe Co., 279, 330 
Norway tripa, 232 
Nuraa, FcilytaDliiilo, 355 



Of Alley, 51, 52, 54 
Old Quintinlaiu, 30, 153 
O-Nein, 17 
Open-df aerrioea, 55 
Opera, 355 



Palf3f4Uartld«,241 

— — letter to, 242 
FarliaoMit, Folyteohnio, 148 
Parii, 178 

— Ezhlbitwn, 17B, 231 
Parochial oharitiea, 21 1 

Act, 212 

P^wrmabin^ 323, 352, 854, 309 
PqipeDberg, Isle of, 132 
Paton, Mr., 159, 345 

Pelham, Hon. T„ 54, 51, 55, 63, 84 

— Hon. Mr*., 83 
Penang, 179, 840 
Penny olamea, 149 
Peopk* Falooe, 214, 226, 238 
Pepper, Prof., 33 
P^&D,109 

Peahmrnr, 116 
PhilUpa Brookea, 297 
Fioturea, Mr. Gr^iam'a, 76, 150 
Pidgin En^iih, 151 
Rtoaa,!^ 



^^^^^^^^^^^^^^OTDBX^^^^^^^^^^H 


^1 Pl&rfAtr. Lord, 147* ^1 


Quintal Hogg. ntatfH, 119 ^^M 


^H Povtrj, 2as, 293 


buTi Folyt«fthnie, 1 44 ^^H 


^^1 ^TBcGhuica. U^l of. 22S 


iMVOi Eo^MMi 194 1 


^M — ICagMiae. 101, 103.2^6,400 


— — povai of endurMwo, 1C6 M 


^m PolrtHhuo, tho, 32, 144 
^M ^ Iwugbt, 144 


atOTica of, lft7 ^^H 


— iDora travail, 1 TT ^^^| 


^^ft — OOdGorta, 240 


on imohETqe, ?40 ^^H 


^^M — (l»y school. 161 


■ Dnbeggino:, 236 ^^H 


^^H — ■ extflDsioiiu, 144 


— — on leetoi4liKi7i> 244 ^^^| 


^H — ETQBt balJ rebiult, 233 


elected Aldcnnan. 2^1 1 


^^H — holidnj toon, 231 


— — individuality «f ifork, SST 1 


^^B — Labour bureau, 246 


— — ladt oF «iiBpiciaa, 961 1 
cnlidam of poslr^, 268, 377, 1 


^^M — membcnbip, Lft^ 


^^H — DD&DAgamait of, 14S, 1&3 


279 1 


^^H — opaoEng of, 140 


— inatzimTUA. 2T 1 1 


^H — ForliBmcfat, 149 


^ — on douciog, 274 ^^J 


^^1 — priM giving, 146 


Iaiail>- life. S8T ^^H 


^^m '— num, 3A5 


hkUDour, !£$f> ^^H 


^^1 — Fvooption bimaUp 245 


litprary tafit«. 201. 902 ^ 


^H — Bbuiagi' Hank, 143 


religious uie^a. SOO 1 


^^B — niLr fund, 351 


on rtiTD tnujp. 3^2 ^^^M 


^M -'Pi}Uy,-*238 


'^ — aa Cily man, 3^4 ^^^| 


^^^^ FnTKB by Daks of Argyll, 


dErectorBhips. 329 ^^^^ 


^^^^B Priooe ConioTt, 200 


^^^^B Piu0 gjivin^B, 146 


330 1 




opaPaiiont 339 1 


^r 


recovery of health. Ml M 


^H QuftiTBln hy Buke of Arf^H, t 


apf-idantB, 342 ^^^1 


^H Que^ii Vi'.^lijrju'B deatU 393 


— — icaunua. 344 ^^^| 


^1 Quecii's HbU. a40 


^ ^ litvar wedding. J4ft ^^^B 


^H Qnuktin Hd^, binh of, £1-27 


r«tirflB Item bufliiKiaB, 147 1 


^^^ -- — go^J to Bohool, 20 


eooboray, 347 ^^M 


^B — ,^ goea to Kton, 3il 


— — goe« Ainerioa, 34S ^^H 


^^B . shooU in t«am, 33 


goea Ho]y Locd, 331 ^^^| 


^^B DbtAina c^i>]oura. 33 


on war, SSI ^^H 


^^M — - — Eton fri^ndHhlpi. 34 


— — goea Amerlcfw 3AI ^^^| 


^^H E(«D Buddny clou, 36 


death, 360 ^^ 


^^H gocM to Bwitxet-liuid, 41 

^H InTw Eton, 47 


QuiatiD HoKK, Un., 74, TB, B2, S^ 1 


87, 00. 104, UB, 237, M3, 1 


^H ^ ^ City Lfa. 47 


S&l, ^56 1 


^^1 change of lortune, 49 


1 


^^H — <— bogioi Cfarifltuui work, 49 


^^^H 


^^M — <~ gD« ihoflblAcking. 01 


^^^1 


^^H -^ — rofciC^ vchocln 51 


EUdfltock. Lord, 61 ^^^ 


^^^^ — - — adventured, G3 


Roggod School, HtoKaa by rn«sbar< 


^^B — — fihoeblaok brigade. 51 


a(, 03-Ofl 


^V ^ — oholara. AT 


UuoQ. 39^, 394 1 


^M goM to Wwt Todiu, M 


RavllTWon, Mr, K.C.. 14R J 


^H rotuTDA. 72 


Reccrp t j on B ixreau. t4 9. 330 ^^H 


^^^ ^ — yelttfw fovof, 77 


Rvcreatiou aroiiDd, 141 ^^^| 


^^1 eJi)<Bff«D?at, 7S 


EodifltHbutioa Bill, lAO ^^H 


^^H — - — moFria^) 78 


BoKgioua t«t4, 148 ^^H 


^H hoAflymcwn, 70 


— viawa, 301 ^^H 


^^M — — goes Amenoa, HO 


Ritchia. Right Hon, C, 991 ^^M 


^H ^ — Richmond Tf^rraoe. fL3 


Borne. 104, 179, 344 ^^M 


^^B — — 6tBt Mondy Misfljon, £3 


Etodubdry, Lord. 34 L . 741 ^^M 


^H mot her'a death, B5 


HoutltxJtte, Ml38> 19 ^^H 


^B . iUno^, A7 


Royal CominiHUOi], 211 ^^^M 


^^B — — Bpirittjaliam, 1>l 


Rum. 3'JL ^^H 


^^^^^ . ge)«a round vcrrJd, 104 


RiukJA, 40, 201 ^H 



INDBZ 



419 



8 
Sugon, 12A 
BuUCruE, 171, 33ft 
"Balufled.'^STa 
SaviogB Bank, 143 
Soisnofl and Art DnMrtment, 102, 

204,253 
a«]bonw.Lcffd,l46 
Sarvios at Polytochnlo, 370 
Shanghai* 132 

SbMbUok Sodety, 57. 158, 354 
Shcwtixig adTcntnte, 72 
Silver wadding, 345 
81fig^>ora, 125* 348 
Slidiu roof, 239 
Scookuig, 240, S41, 242, 273 
'* Social Centrea;* 389 
Sodetf of Jam, 214 
aoUa7,Mr.,20e 
Soath Afirico, 350 
Spectator ortiole, 271 
apiritumlism, 01 
Stewart, Sir Hark, 59 
" jStory o/ Peter," 300. 358 
Stodd. Mr. X E. K., 150, 371 
Studflnta' fe«. 140, 147 
Siua, 108, 175 

Bugor inditttTf, 310-324. 334 
Sunday oUiv, 145, E48, 154, 295 
Swinton, 19, 21 
SfritMrland tdpa, 23U 832 
SyoagogiM, 35, 38, 39 



Tabor, Hr., 47, 78 

l^atotalfsm, 244 

Taohnioal EdaootfaNk Board 

L,C,C., 253-256, 275 
TMbrOool Inrtruotwa Aoli^ 20C 
-HurakMr, 164 



of 



Thompaoo, Mmvo., 47, 49 
rtmHortiola, 210 

— l«ttar,227 
ToUa. ISO 
TnM]U,403 

lYad« Dlowa, 102, 900. 412 
IYm felliiig in Ceylon, 124 
Tribnte by City friendi, 331 

— from Polytaoluiio mfmbon, 206 

— by Ragged Sohool coeEEilMrB, 

93-96 
IMplfl«aBat,820 
Tweedmoath, Lord. 57, 66 

— Dovagor Lady, 20 



Umbollo, L15 



Toitilmtioii, 239 
Tolunteera, Eton, 33 
— PotytM^mio, 14U 

W 
War toad. 351 
Watflfflold, Coloiwl, 121 
Wcibb, Ht. fijdzw. 252 
W«>teiiflat«r, Dofco of, 345 
Wa«t I&diw. 01, 75. 08, 340 
Whiokfly monsy, 225, 252 
Whiatia, tha, 20 
Wolf boyi, 113 

Woolwioh Palyt«Qluk]o, 101, 258- 
257.271,272-275,344 



Yaoht, Polytaohiiio, 234 
Yoohting, 89, 141,339 
Tallow ravtf , 73 
ToAPlaoa,13 



Bnlwft Tuw, Tba M«h1 PriHiac VoA^ naH.4aAlA-«ffk 



■lH*m Umvtfi^ L 



3 hlOS 0B2 fiLb a*!R 



STANFORD UNIVFRSITY tiBRARlES 

CECIL H. GREEN UBHARY 

STANFORD. CALIFORNIA 94305-6004 

|415| 723-1493 

All books mgy be recoiled ahcf 7 Joys 

DATE DUE 






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