(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Railroad maps of the United States : a selective annotated bibliography of original 19th-century maps in the Geography and Map Division of the Library of Congress"

■..-■i f, .fit 



^WmmMi^m^S^ 



sk. 



AILROAD MAPS 



/»» 






the United States 



-• V-.:" .•^'■..■^1?. 




LIBRARY OF THE 

UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS 

AT URBANA-CHAMPAICN 



016,91273 
Un32r 
cop. 2 



I.H.S. 




RAILROAD MAPS 

of the United States 



A Selective Annotated Bibliography of Original 

19th-century Maps in the 

Geography and Map Division 

of the Library of Congress 



Compiled by Andrew M. Modelski 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON 1975 



COVER: A lithograph taken from an early photograph 
of the locomotive "Enterprise," from inset on S. G. 
Elliot's 1860 map of central California showing the 
different railroad lines in the gold region and the connection 
to the Central Pacific Railroad. (Entry 186) 



Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data 

United States. Library of Congress. Geography and Map 
Division. 
Railroad maps of the United States. 

Includes index. 

1 . Railroads — United States — Maps — Bibliography — 
Catalogs. 2. United States. Library of Congress. 
Geography and Map Division. L Modelski, Andrew M. 
IL Title. 

Z6026.R3U54 1975 016.912'1 '3850973 75-619007 
ISBN 0-8444-0155-2 



For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, 
US, Government Printing Office 
Washington. DC. 20402 - Price $2.60 
Stock Number 030-00.1-00014-1 



OIL. 9/2.72> 

(Jn 3-2. r 



{J}IC ^.JLiuM. . ja-^--^^ 



r 



Preface 



To SATISFY Americans' keen interest in the routes 
of railroads, cartographers have shown rail lines on 
maps since the first tracks were laid in the United 
States. There are in the collections of the Library 
of Congress thousands of American railroad maps 
as well as numerous general maps showing railroad 
routes as part of the transportation network. The 
maps, which are in the custody of the Geography 
and Map Division, vary widely in area, content, 
and scale. Some cover major segments of our 
country and depict the interrelationship of various 
modes of transportation. Others resemble con- 
temporary "strip" road maps and show only a 
ribbon of land immediately adjacent to a specific 
railroad right-of-way. 

Requests for information are received by the 
Library of Congress from railroad enthusiasts 
in search of active and abandoned rail lines as 
well as from students and scholars interested in 
transportation. In addition, increased interest in 
rail transit has been exhibited by offices of the 
United States Congress and various federal 
agencies. Lynn Mullins notes in her 1969 publica- 
tion The Golden Spike, A Centennial Remembrance, that 
in the literature about American railroads "there 
is no bibliography specifically devoted to nine- 
teenth-century railroad maps, [and, therefore] the 
printed catalogues of the large map libraries must 
be combed for pertinent references." Such refer- 
ences, however, are altogether inadequate, for 
they are too general to include comprehensive 
subject or chronological approaches. This biblio- 
graphy is designed to meet that need. 

The Library's holdings include railroad maps 
issued for a variety of purposes. Among the collec- 
tions are official printed government surveys 



conducted to determine the most practical railroad 
routes. Pacific Railroad Surveys, U.S. General 
Land Office maps which show land grants to 
railroads, surveys for specific rights-of-way, and 
general surveys prepared to accompany progress 
reports of individual railroads. Other maps were 
published specifically to promote particular lines, 
some of which were never built. Also represented 
in the collection are maps issued by commercial 
publishers, intended for ticket agents and the 
public, as route guides to encourage commerce 
and travel to the newly settled areas west of the 
Mississippi River. 

This annotated list reveals the scope of the 
railroad map collection and highlights the develop- 
ment of railroad mapping in 19th-century America. 
Described are 622 maps chosen from more than 
3,000 railroad maps and about 2,000 regional, 
state, and county maps, and other maps which 
show "internal improvements" of the past century. 

The maps selected represent a profile of the 
development of cartographical style and technique 
and are not intended to inventory all maps in the 
division which show railroads. The list does reflect, 
however, the important achievements of early 
railroaders in reaching their ultimate goal of 
providing a transportation network spanning the 
country and linking the Atlantic and Pacific 
Oceans. 

The list includes only separate printed and 
manuscript maps preserved in the Geography 
and Map Division. Excluded are photocopies, 
facsimiles, atlases, and maps which are included in 
annual railroad company reports or which illus- 
trate volumes classed elsewhere in the Library of 
Congress. 



iv 



PREFACE 



The entries in this bibliography begin with 
maps covering the United States as a whole or 
large portions of it. These are followed by entries 
for the five major geographical regions and then 
by maps of states, including at least one entry 
for each of the 50 states. The maps are in chron- 
ological order within these geographical areas. 
The list is concluded with descriptions of maps of 
individual railroads, arranged alphabetically and 
chronologically. Where possible the entry includes 
the author's name, the full title of the map, the 
imprint, a notation if the map is in color, the 
natural scale, if determinable, and the measure- 
ments to the nearest centimeter, with vertical 
dimension first. A brief paragraph describes the 
geographical coverage of each map and includes 
its general content. 

The introductory essay traces the scope and 
development of American railroad mapping from 
its beginning in the late 1820's through the 19th 
century. A general index provides names of rail- 
roads, subjects, authors, surveyors, engineers, 
cartographers, engravers, lithographers, publishers, 
and printers. 

The maps described, which are all sharp and 



legible, vary in size from small fold-out sketches to 
large-scale, detailed surveys and wall maps 
designed for display in transportation and ticket 
offices. The majority are in color. 

Uncolored photoreproductions and color trans- 
parencies of maps in this bibliography may be 
purchased from the Library of Congress, Photo- 
duplication Service, Washington, D.C. 20540. 
Requests for cost estimates and purchase orders 
should refer to this bibliography by name and 
cite the bibliographic entry numbers. The des- 
criptive annotations can help in determining 
whether a large map is needed or if a smaller one, 
which can be reproduced more economically, 
will provide the essential information. Maps are 
most economically reproduced by the photostat 
process, and this form of reproduction is usually 
quoted in estimates. If reproductions are desired 
for use in publications, 8- by 10-inch glossy 
photographic prints should be requested. 



Andrew M. Modelski 
Reference Librarian 
Geography and Map Division 



Contents 



Hi Preface 

1 Introduction 

15 United States 

27 Regions 

27 Eastern United States 
31 J\few England 

33 Central United States 

35 Southern United States 

36 Western United States 
43 Individual States 

58 Individual Railroad Lines 

103 Index 



Introduction 



American railroad mapping had its inception 
early in the 19th century when people began 
moving inland over the inadequately charted 
continental landscape. The expanding frontier, 
the rich agricultural production of the land, and 
exploitation of natural resources demanded im- 
proved methods of transport. The transportation 
revolution was initiated with construction ot 
privately owned toll or turnpike roads, gathered 
momentum with the introduction of steamships 
and canal building, and reached maturity in the 
1830's with the introduction of steampowered 
railroads.' 

Soon after James Watt developed the steam 
engine, the invention was adapted by John Fitch 
in 1787 to propel a ship on the Delaware and in 
the same year by James Rumsey on the Potomac 
River. Fitch, an American inventor and surveyor, 
had two years earlier published his "Map of the 
Northwest" to finance the building of a commer- 
cial steamboat. With Robert Fulton's steamboat, 
the Clermont, and a boat built by John Stevens, the 
use of steam power for vessels became firmly 
established. Railroads and the use of steam prop- 
ulsion developed separately, however, and it was 
not until the two systems merged that railroads 
began to flourish. 

The use of rails for heavily loaded, wheeled 
vehicles to reduce friction was introduced in 
England as early as the 17th century. The first 
American "tramroad" or "gravity road" was 
erected in 1764 for military purposes at the 
Niagara portage in Lewiston, N. Y., under the 
direction of Capt. John Montressor, a British 
engineer, known to students of historical carto- 
graphy also as a mapmaker. A map of the Leiper 



Railroad in Pennsylvania, dated October 1, 1809, 
and signed by the surveyor John Tomson, may 
be the first railroad survey in America. The 
original has, seemingly, not survived. A re- 
production, entitled "Draft Exhibiting. . . the 
Railway Contemplated by John Leiper Esq. From 
His Stone Sawmill and Quarries ... to His Land- 
ing on Ridley Creek," however, illustrates Robert 
P. Robins' A Short Account oj the First Permanent 
Tramway in America (Philadelphia, 1886).^ The 
first of the commercial "tramroads" was surveyed 
and constructed in 1826 at Quincy, Mass., by 
Gridley Bryant, with the machinery for it developed 
by Solomon Willard. It was to utilize horsepower 
to haul granite, needed for building the Bunker 
Hill Monument,' from the quarries at Quincy, 
four miles to the wharf on the Neponset River. 
The following year the Mauch Chunk "gravity 
road," used for transporting anthracite coal, was 
constructed in Pennsylvania.^ 

John Stevens, who shares credit with Fulton for 
inventing the steamboat, is considered to be the 
father of American railroads. In 1826 Stevens 
demonstrated the feasibility of steam locomotion on 
a circular experimental track constructed on his 
estate in Hoboken, N. J. Three years later George 
Stephenson perfected a practical steam locomotive 
in England. The first railroad charter in the 
United States was granted to Stevens in 1815.^ 
Grants to others followed, and work soon began on 
the first operational railroads. Surveying and 
construction started on the Baltimore and Ohio 
in 1830, and 14 miles of track were opened before 
the year ended. (See entry 332.) This roadbed 
was extended in 1831 to Frederick, Md., and, in 
1832, to Point of Rocks. Until 1831, when a 



INTRODUCTION 



locomotive of American manufacture was placed 
in service, the B & O relied upon horsepower. 
Soon joining the B & O as operating lines were 
the Mohawk and Hudson, opened in September 
1830; the Saratoga, opened in July 1832; and the 
South Carolina Canal and Rail Road Company, 
whose 1 36 miles of track, completed to Hamburg, 
constituted in 1833 the longest steam railroad in 
the world. (See entry 299.) The Columbia Rail- 
road of Pennsylvania, completed in 1834, and the 
Boston and Providence, completed in June 1835, 
were other early lines. (See entries 1, 348, and 610.) 
Surveys for and construction of tracks for these and 
other pioneer railroads not only created demands 
for special mapping but also induced mapmakers 
to show progress of surveys and completed lines on 
general maps and on maps in "travelers guides." 
(See entry 5.) 

Publication of 19th-century American railroad 
maps paralleled similar developments in Europe. 
British railroads were first shown on a map in 
Philippe Vandermaelen's Atlas de L'Europe, pub- 
lished in Brussels in two volumes between 1829 and 
1833. In 1835 Robert Stephenson, brother and 
partner of George Stephenson, drew one of the 
first English railroad survey maps for the "London 
and Birmingham Railway." Published in 1838 
were C.F. Cheffin's lithographic map of the same 
line at a larger scale and J.R. Jobbins' lithographic 
maps of England and Wales and of the London 
and Southampton Railway. Also in 1838, Irish 
railroads were depicted by Henry Drury Harness, 
an early statistical cartographer.^ 

Planning, surveying and mapping, and con- 
struction of railroads in America progressed 
rapidly and haphazardly, without direction or 
supervision from the states that granted charters to 
construct such works. Before 1840 most surveys 
were made for short passenger lines which proved 
to be financially unprofitable. Because steam- 
powered railroads had stiff competition from canal 
companies, many partially completed lines were 
abandoned. It was not until the Boston and Lowell 
Railroad diverted traffic from the Middlesex 
Canal that the success of the new mode of trans- 
portation was assured. (See entry 346.) The 
industrial and commercial depression and the 
panic of 1837 slowed railroad construction. In- 
terest was revived, however, with completion of the 
Western Railroad in Massachusetts in 1843. This 



line conclusively demonstrated the feasibility of 
transporting agricultural products and other 
commodities by rail for long distances at low cost. 
Within the next 20 years railroads were playing 
a dominant role in the transportation system of 
the country. In the Middle West interest in 
building railroads was strong, and many lines were 
mapped and subsequently constructed to connect 
the leading centers of commerce. Interest also 
increased in the South, where natural waterways 
had previously provided adequate transportation 
for commercial traffic. By 1850, when the in- 
centive to survey and map public works on a large 
scale was stimulated by the discovery of gold in 
California, the existing railroad network provided 
an excellent base for a productive decade of 
American railroad surveying and mapping.' 

The Civil War provided another stimulus for 
railroad mapping, because of the strategic im- 
portance of rail transportation to the armies. (See 
entries 137-143.) After the war, railroad builders 
became aware of the traffic-generating potentials 
of the scenic wonders of the West. Jay Cooke and 
Company, financiers of the Northern Pacific 
Extension Project, and other promoters, ac- 
cordingly, lobbied for the establishment of Yellow- 
stone National Park. To make it accessible to 
tourists, they persuaded park promoters to support 
completion of the railroad to coincide with the 
opening of the park in 1872. Not until 1883, 
however, did a rail spur extend to within three 
miles of the park. (See entries 449-501.) Other 
railroads followed the lead in promoting estab- 
lishment of resorts and national parks.* This 
created additional demand for maps to illustrate 
reports, promotional literature, displays, and 
timetables from the thousands of railroad and 
promotional firms which sprang up in the 19th 
century. (See entries 399 and 400.) 

Technological advances in papermaking and 
printing which permitted quick and inexpensive 
reproduction of maps also greatly benefited rail- 
road cartography. Before the introduction of these 
new techniques, maps were laboriously engraved, 
in reverse, usually on copper plates, and printed 
on hand presses. Although the results were ex- 
cellent, this was a slow and costly process which 
could not keep pace with the demand for railroad 
maps. Introduction of lithography to America, a 
process invented in 1798 by Alois Senefelder of 



INTRODUCTION 

Right half of James Hayward's 1828 plan of a survey for 
the proposed Boston and Providence Railway. This is the 
earliest topographic strip map in the Library showing a 
railroad survey. These tines were originally intended for 
horse-drawn trains. {Entry 348) 




S^n 



Bavaria, came at an opportune time, just as the 
first railroad charter was being granted in 1815. 
This invention revolutionized map printing and 
provided the means for inexpensive map repro- 
duction. Within two years after William and John 
Pendleton established the first important litho- 
graphic printing house in Boston in 1825, their 
firm was printing railroad surveys and reports for 
the earliest New England railroad companies.' 

Even after lithographic printing in map pro- 
duction became common, engraving continued in 
use for many years for finer and more limited works. 
As late as 1848 Peter S. Duval of Philadelphia 
engraved map plates of Virginia for Claudius 
Crozet, principal engineer to the Commonwealth. 
(See entry 307.) Some firms, like G.W. and C.B. 
Colton of New York, used copper plates through 
the 1860's and 1870's. Others utilized both 
reproduction methods, and in some instances 
"engraving" was done on stone. (See entries 92, 
124, 126, 174, and 396.) Technical advances 
were quickly adapted to map printing. The 
transfer process eliminated most of the laborious 
procedure of drawing on stone in reverse. By the 
use of specially prepared paper and ink, an il- 
lustration or a newly drawn map could be trans- 
ferred directly to a stone or a zinc plate. The 
use of "zincography" in America as early as 1849 
is credited to P.S. Duval's Swiss shop foreman, 
Frederick Bourquin. Zinc plates were adaptable 



to the rotary steampower press, which was first 
installed by Duval in his Philadelphia lithographic 
establishment."" (See entries 81, 600, and 601.) 

Another important printing process, cerography 
or wax engraving, was introduced in America by 
Sidney Edwards Morse, whose father Jedidiah 
Morse published in 1784 the first geography book 
in the United States, Geography Made Easy. The 
process was first used in 1839 for Morse's "Cero- 
graphic Map of Connecticut," and in 1842, for 
the Cerographic Atlas of the United States. This was 
an ingenious method of making a mold from 
which a printing plate was cast. On a thin layer of 
wax applied to a copper plate, lines and symbols, 
and later type, were inscribed or impressed. 
Through an electroplating process, a relief mold 
was produced from which single sheet maps were 
printed. The process was kept secret by Morse. It 
became more widely utilized after Rand McNally 
introduced its wax engraving process in 1872. From 
the 1870's through the first four decades of the 20th 
century, this method of printing became popular 
with large map printing houses in the United 
States. The firm of George F. Cram and Company, 
well known for its railroad maps and other geo- 
graphic publications, adopted the process in the 
1880's with introduction of its Universal Family 
Atlas oj the World. Matthews-Northrup and Com- 
pany also utilized this method for printing their 
numerous railroad maps. Multicolor printing. 



INTRODUCTION 



the development of photolithography, and the 
offset press further accelerated railroad map 
production and greatly reduced prices." 

Color lithography to distinguish regions and 
administrative divisions on maps was introduced as 
early as the 1850's. (See entry 86.) Color to ac- 
centuate the many lines of intricate railroad 
networks, however, continued to be manually 
applied to many maps at the end of the century, 
including Rand McNally's elephant-sized maps 
of the 1890's, which are discussed in detail at the 
end of this essay. 

To fill requests for special-purpose maps, the 
new printing methods contributed greatly to the 
volume and variety of railroad maps. This is 
reflected in the Library's large and comprehen- 
sive collection of American railroad maps, the 
majority of which were acquired through copyright 
deposits following the passage of the Copyright 
Law in 1870. Earlier maps, many detached from 
pamphlets, journals, timetables, and annual reports 
of the companies, were acquired as gifts and by 
purchase. Many railroad maps were among the 
cartographic items which constituted the Library's 
collection when a separate Map Division was 
formed in 1897. These are listed in Philip Lee 
Phillips' A List of Maps of America in the Library of 
Congress (Washington, Govt. Print. Off., 1901). 

A large segment of commercially produced 
railroad maps, perhaps as much as 30 percent, was 
deposited by the New York City publishing house 
established in 1831 by Joseph Hutchins Col ton. 
This firm was known the world over for the quality, 
quantity, and variety of its publications, including 
maps, atlases, and school geographies." Henry 
Varnum Poor, in the introduction to his History 
of the Railroads and Canals of the United States 
of America (1860), commends the series of Col- 
ton's railroad maps which illustrate his work. 
"All the maps," Poor wrote, "are drawn and 
engraved under the supervision of G. Woolworth 
Colton, Esq., whose diligence, accuracy and 
extensive information are sufficient guarantee for 
their correctness."" Indeed, Colton's maps from 
the early 1850's to the last decade of the century, 
most of which were subtitled "Colton's Railroad 
and Township Map," surpassed in quality and 
quantity other maps published in the 19th century. 
Other reputable map publishing firms of the 
period include Asher & Adams of New York, 



James T. Lloyd and Company of New York and 
London, Matthews-Northrup and Company and 
J. Sage and Sons of Buffalo, Gaylord Watson of 
New York and Chicago, and later in the century, 
the Chicago firms of Rand McNally and George F. 
Cram. The last two are still in the map business. 

Other maps among the more than 5,000 rail- 
road maps in the Geography and Map Division 
include progress report surveys for individual 
lines, official government surveys, promotional 
maps (some of which, such as entry 425, were 
geographically distorted to exaggerate the size and 
routes of one line). Pacific Railroad Surveys, maps 
that show the extent of railroad land grants, maps 
locating rights-of-way, and route guides published 
by commercial firms. Some railroad maps cover the 
entire country or large portions of it and show the 
entire railroad network. Others are limited to a 
specific railroad or show one survey line, often 
with adjacent connections. Numerous maps show 
rail lines within one state, county, or geographic 
region. These and many other general maps, the 
U.S. Post Office's "Post Route Maps," and the 
earlier editions of the large-scale, topographical 
quadrangle maps, published by the U.S. Geo- 
logical Survey since its establishment in 1879 but 
not listed here, provide excellent source material 
for the search of abandoned railroad lines. 

In the Library's collections are maps from the 
earliest era of railroad mapmaking, Henry Schenck 
Tanner's "Map of the Canals & Rail Roads of the 
United States," dated 1830, is an early general 
map, depicting "working lines" on the eastern 
seaboard and in Kentucky, Alabama, and Louis- 
iana. Located on the map are routes of the Colum- 
bia Railroad in Pennsylvania and the B & O in 
Maryland. (See entry 1.) In his 1829 Memoir on the 
Recent Surveys, Observations and Internal Improvements 
in the United States Tanner lists "Brief Notices" on 
"Rail Roads Never Before Delineated." He notes 
that in New England "some spirited individuals 
have adopted legislative measures to ensure an 
early completion for the Boston and Providence 
Railroad, whose surveys have been completed."'* 
The Boston and Providence is the earliest line 
represented by a printed survey from a progress 
report in the Library's map collections. (See 
entry 348.) The map, dated January 1828, shows 
proposed lines of a survey two and a half years 
before the railroad was chartered in June 1831." 



INTRODUCTION 



It illustrated the Massachusetts Board of Com- 
missioners of Internal Improvements' Report in 
Relation to the Examination of .Sundry Routes for a 
Railway from Boston to Providence; with a Memoir of 
the Survey (Boston, Button & Wentworth, printers 
to the state, 1828). It is also interesting to note that 
in the report the commissioners believed "that 
horse power will be most expedient for application 
to the uses of this road." The report is the one 
referred to by Tanner in the above cited Memoir. 
This map is one of the very first products of George 
G. Smith and William B. Annin, who in 1828 
established a printing firm bearing the name of the 
inventor of lithography, the Senefelder Litho- 
graphy Company of Boston. The firm was taken 
over by the Pendletons in 1830.'* 

The collections also include examples of original 
manuscript railroad maps, among which are 
several prepared by the Confederate engineer, 
Maj. Jedediah Hotchkiss. The Hotchkiss Map 
Collection was acquired by the Library in 1948." 
Another noteworthy manuscript map, drawn in 
1843, is the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Com- 
pany's "Map of the Country West of Cumberland," 
referred to in the Report of the Chief Engineer of 
September 20th, 1843. This large map, at the scale of 
1:316,800 and approximately 2 3^ X 4 feet in 
size, is hand colored on tracing linen. It embraces 
western Pennsylvania, western Maryland, parts of 
Virginia and West Virginia and most of Ohio and 
indicates several "preferred" and "surveyed" 
lines to Wheeling and Pittsburgh as well as other 
possible northern and southern routes in the area. 
(See entry 335.) 

One of the earliest printed government surveys 
was "drawn from the original plot" by Lt. Andrew 
Atkinson Humphreys, who as chief of the Office 
of Western Explorations and Surveys some years 
later supervised the making of the maps for the 
Pacific Railroad Surveys, including G.K. Warren's 
monumental map of the transmississippi west.'^ 
(See entry 174.) Humphrey's "Map of the Routes 
Examined and Surveyed for the Winchester and 
Potomac Rail Road, State of Virginia, Under the 
Direction of Capt. J.D. Graham, U.S. Top. Eng., 
1831 and 1832," was based on surveys by Lts. 
A.D. Mackay and E. French in 1831 and Lts. 
French and J.F. Izard in 1832. The map was 
published to accompany the "Documents con- 
cerning Winchester and Potomac Railroad," 



24th Congress, 2d Session, House Document 465. 
This topographic map, submitted to the Bureau of 
Topographical Engineers in 1832, shows surveys 
in strips along the projected railroad routes and 
identifies property owners. It covers the country 
between the Shenandoah and Potomac Rivers as 
far as Winchester, Va. A table lists the surveyed 
routes. This line, constructed to connect with 
the B & O at Harpers Ferry, was designed to 
divert Shenandoah Valley wheat from the city 
of Alexandria and stimulate the growth of Balti- 
more. Completion of the line in 1836 greatly 
contributed to the decline of Alexandria. (See 
entry 619.) 

Also in 1832, the Orange and Alexandria 
Railroad Company was chartered. It was not 
until 1848, however, that this company was 
organized to recover for the city of Alexandria 
some of the trade previously lost to Baltimore and 
Richmond. Construction on the line began in 
1850 and was completed to Culpeper by 1852 and 
to Gordonsville in 1854. At the latter town the 
line had a junction with the Virginia Central 
Railroad, and Warrenton was linked by a branch 
line in 1853. The Manassas Gap Railroad, the 
first to cross the Blue Ridge Mountains (see 
entry 453), was completed to Strasburg in 1854 
to join Alexandria with the upper Piedmont 
Valley." Detailed descriptions of three original 
surveys were published in the Proceedings of the 
Called Meeting of the Stockholders of the Orange and 
Alexandria Railroad Company, December, 1849. The 
routes on the maps generally follow the survey 
lines as reported by Chief Engineer Thomas C. 
Atkinson at the fifth annual meeting of the stock- 
holders, held in Alexandria, October 24, 1854. No 
map is appended to the report, but in the Geo- 
graphy and Map Division there is a "Map and 
Profile of the Orange and Alexandria Railroad 
with its Warrenton Branch and a Portion of the 
Manassas Gap Railroad," which was drawn by 
August Faul and printed about 1854 by Ackerman 
Lithography of New York. This map, annotated to 
show geological structures along the route of the 
railroad, is an example of the general survey maps 
prepared to illustrate progress reports of individual 
railroads, as well as of specific right-of-way surveys. 
(See entry 508.) 

Early railroad surveys and construction were 
financed by private investors. Before the 1 850 land 



6 



INTRODUCTION 



grant to the Illinois Central Railroad, indirect 
federal subsidies were provided by route surveys 
made by army engineers. In the 1824 General 
Survey Bill to establish works of internal improve- 
ments, railroads were not specifically mentioned. 
Part of the appropriation under this act for the 
succeeding year, however, was used for "Examin- 
ations and surveys to ascertain the practicability 
of uniting the headwaters of the Kanawha with 
the James river and the Roanoke river, by Canals 
or Rail-Roads."^" In his Congressional History of 
Railways, Lewis H. Haney credits these surveys as 
being the first to recieve federal aid. He notes that 
such grants to states and corporations for railway 
surveys became routine before the act was repealed 
in 1838. 

The earliest printed map in the collections, based 
on government surveys conducted for a state- 
owned railroad, is "Map of the Country Em- 
bracing the Various Routes Surveyed for the 
Western & Atlantic Rail Road of Georgia, 1837." 
(See entry 613.) The surveys were made under 
the direction of Lt. Col. Stephen H. Long, chief 
engineer, who 10 years earlier had surveyed the 
routes for the Baltimore and Ohio,^' (See entry 
332.) Work on the 138-mile Georgia route from 
Atlanta to Chattanooga started in 1841, and by 
1850 the line was open to traffic. Its strategic 
location made it a key supply route for the Con- 
federacy. It was on this line that the famous 
"Andrews Raid" of April 1862 occurred when 
Union soldiers disguised as railroad employees 
captured the locomotive known as the "General. "^^ 
(See entry 614.) 

The possibility of railroads connecting the 
Atlantic and Pacific coasts was discussed in 
Congress even before the treaty with England 
which settled the "Oregon Question" in 1846.2' 
Chief promoter of a transcontinental railroad 
was Asa Whitney, a New York merchant active 
in the China trade, whose obsession was a railroad 
to the Pacific. In January 1845 he petitioned 
Congress for a charter and a grant of a 60-mile 
strip through the public domain to help finance 
construction." Whitney suggested the use of 
Irish and German immigrant labor which was at 
the time in great abundance. Wages were to be 
paid in land, and the workers were thus to become 
settlers along the route and, subsequently, patrons 
and suppliers for the completed line. Failure of 



Congress to act on his proposal was mainly due 
to the vigorous opposition of Senator Thomas 
Hart Benton of Missouri, who favored a western 
route originating at St. Louis. 

In 1849 Whitney published a booklet to pro- 
mote his Project for a Railroad to the Pacific. It was 
accompanied by an untitled outline map of North 
America which shows the route of his railroad from 
Prairie du Chien, Wis., across the Rocky Moun- 
tains north of South Pass. An alternate route to 
the south of the pass joined the main line at the 
Salmon River and continued to Puget Sound. 
Proposed lines also extended from St. Louis to 
San Francisco and from Independence, Mo. to 
New Mexico and the Arkansas River. This is one 
of the earliest promotional maps submitted to 
Congress and was, according to its author, con- 
ceived as early as 1830.^^ (See entry 14.) 

Although Congress failed to sanction his plan, 
Whitney made the Pacific railroad one of the great 
public issues of the day. The acquisition of Cali- 
fornia following the Mexican War opened the way 
for other routes to the coast. Discovery of gold, the 
expanding frontier, and success of the eastern 
railroads increased interest in building a railroad 
to the Pacific.^' Railroads were also needed in the 
West to provide better postal service, as had been 
developed in the East in 1838 by designating 
railroad lines "post roads." Strengthened by 
other proposals, including those of Hartwell 
Carver in 1849 and of Edwin F. Johnson in 1853 
(see entry 24), such leading statesmen as John C. 
Calhoun, Stephen A. Douglas, and Jefferson 
Davis declared their support for linking the coun- 
try by rails. The lawmakers, however, could not 
agree on an eastern terminus and they did not 
comprehend the merits of the several routes west. 
To remedy this situation money was appropriated 
in 1853 for the Army Topographical Corps "to 
ascertain the most practicable and economical 
route for a railroad from the Mississippi River to 
the Pacific Ocean." 

Under the provisions of the Army Appropriation 
Act of March 1853, Secretary of War Jefferson 
Davis was directed to survey possible routes to the 
Pacific. Five selected routes, roughly following 
specific parallels, were to be surveyed by parties 
under the supervision of the Topographical Corps. 
The most northerly survey, between the 47th and 
49th parallels, was under the direction of Isaac 



INTRODUCTION 




First tdition of G. K. Warren's "hurried compilation," 
indicating the routes oj the Pacific railroad surveys. The 

Ingalls Stevens, governor of Washington Ter- 
ritory. This route closely approximated that 
proposed by Asa Whitney. 

The ill-fated party under Capt. John W. 
Gunnison was to explore the route along the 38th 
and 39th parallels, or the Cochetopa Pass route, 
advocated by Senator Benton. Because he failed to 
get John Charles Fr6mont appointed to head this 
expedition, Benton promoted two well-publicized, 
privately financed ventures in the same year, one 
headed by Edward F. Beale and the other by 
Fremont. After Gunnison's death at the hands of 
hostile Indians, Lt. Edward G. Beckwith continued 



map was appended to the U.S. War Department^ official 
report to Congress. {See entry 173) 

the survey along the 41st parallel. Capt. Amiel W. 
Whipple, assistant astronomer of the Mexican 
Boundary Survey, and Lt. Joseph Christmas Ives 
surveyed the routes of the 35th parallel, westward 
to southern California. This was essentially the 
route traversed by Josiah Gregg in 1839 and later 
surveyed by Col. John J. Abert. When the results 
of the surveys were analyzed it was apparent that 
additional data on the roadbeds, grades, and 
passes were needed for the 32d parallel route to 
California. Lt. John G. Parke resurveyed along the 
Gila River between the Pima villages and the 
Rio Grande. Capt. John Pope mapped the 



8 



INTRODUCTION 



eastern portion of the route from Dona Ana, N. 
Mex., to the Red River. Topographical surveys 
to locate passes through the Sierra Nevadas and 
the Coast Range in California and to determine 
the route that would connect California, Oregon, 
and Washington were made under the direction of 
Lt. Robert S. Williamson. " (See entries 146-174.) 

These surveys showed that a railroad could 
follow any one of the five routes and that the 32d 
parallel route was the least expensive. The South- 
ern Pacific Railroad was subsequently built along 
this parallel. (See entry 567.) The southern routes 
were objectionable to northern politicians and the 
northern routes were objectionable to the southern 
politicians, but the surveys could not, of course, 
resolve these sectional issues. The surveys contrib- 
uted greatly, however, to the geographical know- 
ledge of the American West and provided source 
materials for making detailed railroad and general 
maps. 

Just as the earliest railroad surveys in the East in 
the 1830's influenced mapping activities, the 
great amount of data derived from the Pacific 
surveys similarly stimulated cartographic activi- 
ties. The wealth of data used in compiling 22 
large individual maps published with the 13 
handsomely illustrated volumes of the Pacific 
Railroad Surveys, ^* was the basic source material for 
Lt. Gouverneur Kemble Warren's "Map of the 
Territory of the United States from the Missis- 
sippi River to the Pacific Ocean." (See entry 174.) 
With Warren's map the work of the Topographical 
Engineers on the preliminary Pacific surveys came 
to an end.^' 

Because of the accelerating flow of new infor- 
mation, Warren recognized, in his Memoir to 
Accompany the Map, the difficulty of keeping such 
a map up to date. He stated that "the work of 
compilation . . . must necessarily be frequently 
repeated; and to aid the future compiler, I have 
prepared the accompanying memoir upon the 
different maps and books used, and upon the 
manner in which their discrepancies have been 
resolved." He gratefully acknowledged the work 
of Edward Freyhold in "the beautiful execution 
of the topography upon the map. . . ." The first 
revision of the map, drawn by Freyhold, was 
engraved on stone by Julius Bien of New York. 
Described under entry 1 74, the map is in President 
Millard Fillmore's collection and bears his sig- 



nature and the date December 19, 1863. This 
map, like the first edition, lists 45 major surveys 
and mapping reports from the time of Lewis and 
Clark to the General Land Office Surveys of the 
late 1850's. 

While sectional issues and disagreements were 
debated in the late 1850's, no action was forth- 
coming from Congress on the Pacific railroad 
question. Theodore D. Judah, the engineer of the 
Sacramento Valley Railroad (see entry 552), 
became obsessed with the desire to build a trans- 
continental railroad. In 1860 he approached 
Leland Stanford, Collis P. Huntington, Mark 
Hopkins, and Charles Crocker, leading Sacramento 
merchants, and soon convinced them that building 
a transcontinental line would make them rich and 
famous. The prospect of tapping the wealth of 
the Nevada mining towns and forthcoming 
legislation for federal aid to railroads stimulated 
them to incorporate the Central Pacific Railroad 
Company of California. This line later merged 
with the Southern Pacific. (See entry 567.) It 
was through Judah's efforts and the support of 
Abraham Lincoln, who saw military benefits in 
the lines as well as the bonding of the Pacific coast 
to the Union, that the Pacific railroad finally 
became a reality. The Railroad Act of 1862 put 
government support behind the transcontinental 
railroad and helped create the Union Pacific 
Railroad (see entry 588), which subsequently 
joined with the Central Pacific at Promontory, 
Utah, on May 10, 1869, and signaled the linking 
of the continent. 

The second half of the 19th century was the 
era of railroad land grants. Between 1850 and 1872 
extensive cessions of public lands were made to 
states and to railroad companies to promote 
railroad construction.'" In general, the companies 
received from the federal government, in 20- or 
50-mile strips, usually 20 alternate sections of 
public land for each mile of track that was built. 
Responsibility for surveying and mapping the 
grants fell to the U.S. General Land Office, now 
the Bureau of Land Management. Numerous 
maps of the United States and individual states 
and counties were made which clearly indicated 
the sections of the granted land and the railroad 
rights-of-way. The maps recorded the progress of 
the surveys in the public domain and usually 
indicated major drainage, relief by hachures, 



INTRODUCTION 



township and range lines, roads, railroads, and 
major cities and towns. 

Typical of the land-grant maps is a "Map 
Showing the Location of the Road and the Land 
Grant of the Atlantic and Pacific R.R. in New 
Mexico," published in 1883. Sometimes called the 
35th parallel road, this railroad was created by 
an Act of Congress, approved July 27, 1866. The 
total grant amounted to some 42 million acres for 
a line from Springfield, Mo. to the Pacific coast, a 
distance of about 2,000 miles. (See entry 329.) The 
"Map of Franklin County, Arkansas; Showing 
the Land Grant of the Little Rock & Fort Smith 
Railway," published in 1893, shows how much 
land was still owned by one railroad in one county 
some 20 years after the era of land grants. (Com- 
pare entries 443 and 444.) Land-grant maps, which 
were published for many years, were frequently 
used by land speculators to advertise railroad 
lands for sale to the public. As early as 1868 most 
western railroads established profitable land de- 
partments and bureaus of immigration, with 
offices in Europe, to sell land and promote foreign 
settlement in the western United States. Con- 
sequently the Library's collections also include 
some foreign-language maps aimed at both the 
immigrant already on the eastern coast and the 
prospective one in Europe (see entries 177a and 
330) and may have led to the distortion of rail- 
road maps to emphasize one state, area, or line 
to the advantage of the advertiser. This idea, 
derived from the government land-grant maps, 
may have been perpetuated by the mapping of 
the Illinois Central Railroad after it was granted 
land along its path in 1850. In John W. Amerman's 
book entitled The Illinois Central Rail-Road Com- 
pany Offers for Sale Over 2,000,000 Acres Selected 
Farming and Wood Land (New York, 1856) appears 
an "Outline Map of Illinois" which emphasizes 
the Illinois Central Railroad by a heavy black 
line, with stations interspersed evenly along the 
line to give the illusion of proximity of populated 
places along the line. Another example of a 
distorted map is Josiah Hunt's advertising map of 
the Hannibal and St. Joseph Railway published 
in 1863 (see entry 425), which emphasized its 
line by a symmetrical strip and heavy black line 
between Hannibal and St. Joseph, Mo. This 
practice of manipulating scale, area, and paths of 
railroads became common practice in advertising 



.. -v^ 







^^-^ ^^ 



F^- 



.^ 



A large-scale land grant map dated 1893, showing the 
alternate sections oj public land granted to the Little Rock 
& Fort Smith Railway. Such maps were used by land 
speculators to advertise railroad lands Jor sale to the 
public. (Entry 444) 

maps of the 1870's and early 1880's (see entry 378) 
and in railroad timetables. 

The geographic inaccuracy in railroad maps led 
George H. Heafford, general passenger agent 
for the Missouri Pacific, to note in 1878 that, "If 
this World could be made over according to some 
of our ideas, I have not the faintest doubt but 
that the railroads we represent would all be the 
straightest and shortest lines between every 
prominent city in the country.'!" An 1879 Rand 
McNally booklet confirms that 

map 'designing' to other than a railroad official, might seem 
a peculiar phrase, but the majority of railroad maps have 
some 'peculiar designs' hidden under the careful pencil of 
the draughtsman. It requires a faculty only aquired by 
experience and a perfect knowledge of the railroad system 
of the country, to 'design' a good railroad advertising map. 



10 



INTRODUCTION 



The various friendly interests must be shown to best advant- 
age, and the rival interests disposed of in a manner that 
'no fellow can find out.' The drawing of a good map is a 
matter of considerable difficulty, but the 'designing' of a 
good map involves the exercise of tact and ingenuity. 
Probably more original map projections have been made in 
our map drawing room than have ever been produced in 
the United States. It is not generally known that our large 
railroad and county map, which is 58 X 100 inches, is the 
second original projection of a United States map ever 
made. Our United States and Canada Atlas is made from 
the same projection.'* 

This statement, however, does not seem appli- 
cable to the large and detailed map of 1876 which 
indicates drainage, relief by hachures, inter- 
national, state and county boundaries, cities and 
towns, railroad stations, canals, roads, trails, a 
comprehensive railroad network, and railroads 
under construction. A note on the map states: "The 
entire map is printed from electrotype plates, 
sections of which can be used for special railroad 
maps, publishers premium maps, maps to accom- 
pany reports, pamphlets . . . and for various 
advertising purposes." 

Warren's large map incorporating the Pacific 
railroad surveys was heavily used by such commer- 
cial publishers as Joseph H. Colton to revise 
their maps. (See entry 147a.) A beautifully exe- 
cuted commercial guide map which drew upon 
the Pacific railroad surveys is entitled "Map of the 
United States West of the Mississippi Showing the 
Routes to Pike's Peak, Overland Mail Route to 
California and Pacific Rail Road Surveys." The 
map, published in 1859, is accompanied by a 
seven-page booklet which describes the Overland 
Mail Route. In his Mapping the Transmississippi 
West, Carl I. Wheat calls this "the best designed 
map that appeared in this era, [which] is notable 
for its clarity." (See entry 176.) 

Following the consolidation and rapid growth 
of American railroads after the panic of 1873, 
many commercial maps were produced to show 
the spreading network. One company signaled its 
emergence into this field by announcing, in Janu- 
ary 1873, that 

the house of Rand, McNally & Co., beg leave to inform 
their railroad friends, and the patrons of the [Railway] 
Guide generally, that they have lately made extensive 
additions to their engraving department, and are now 
prepared to execute Map and all kinds of Relief Plate 
Engraving in the very highest style of the art. The maps of 
the vicinity of Boston, Baltimore and Washington, and the 
Engraving on opposite page, are given in this number of the 



Guide, as specimens of Engraving for ordinary printing. 
The perfect clearness with which these maps are shown to 
be printed is a guarantee of the class of work turned out." 



Rand McNally's output in the late 19th century 
rivaled the volume of maps, guides, illustrated 
timetables, and atlases produced by Colton. In 1858 
William H. Rand, a native of Boston, established 
a printing office in Chicago and employed as a 
printer Andrew McNally. By 1868 Rand and 
McNally had formed a partnership which soon 
acquired a reputation as specialists in railroad 
printing. In 1871 they introduced the Rand Mc- 



ii^ n I, 




:. N t 





pa 



^riUk 



'-pr' 







^^Stn^f^^^ 


m 






G 


U L 


F 








/■ 






kl M 

^ ,1 IT 


E 


X / 


C 

■^Sj T7-^ — ^ 




<* 



INTRODUCTION 

Nally Railway Guide. Less than a year after their 
business was destroyed in the 1871 Chicago fire, 
the company's first two maps appeared in the 
December 1872 issue of the Guide. In response to 
the need by the railroads for maps in timetables 
and other publications, Rand and McNally opened 
a map department in late 1872. With adoption of 
the wax engraving process, followed in May 1873 
by the employment of a color printing process. 
Rand McNally's reputation as one of the world's 
leading commercial mapmakers was established.''' 
A typical early Rand McNally map published in 
1874 shows the lines of the "Chicago, Milwaukee & 



11 



St. Paul Railway." (See entry 378.) In the borders 
of the map are picturesque scenes of the country 
traversed by the railroad, as well as a list of 
railroad stations in the Middle West. On the 
verso are timetables and ticket information and a 
small "Map of the Business District of Chicago" 
which locates railroad depots. A major accom- 
plishment of this firm was publication in 1876 of 
their "New Railroad and County Map of the 

Portion of Rand McNally's detailed, wax-engraved rail- 
road map published in 1876. This map was used as the 
basis Jor their famous commercial atlas series now in its 
105th edition. (..Entry 59) 



/ 











or TlLl^ 



FnltedStetes^Canada 

Compiled from the Latest &ovenimeiit Surveys, and 
Drawn to an Accurate Scale. 






12 



INTRODUCTION 



United States and Canada. Compiled from 
Latest Government Surveys, and Drawn to an 
Accurate Scale." (See entry 59.) 

That same year, Rand McNally used the plates 
from the large map to produce its famous Com- 
mercial Atlas and Marketing Guide, which is now in 
its 105th edition. The map and the Business Atlas, as 
it was then known, required the services of 10 
compilers and engravers for nearly two years and 
cost about $20,000.'^ Today the atlas continues to 
be an indispensable reference tool for the business 
world and the librarian, for it contains the most 
complete index to place names in the United 
States, as well as useful railroad information. This 
information includes a complete list of railroads 
in the United States, total mileage, distance 
table, and freight and passenger service to each 
state or city. Included also is a map of the prin- 
cipal railroad network and state maps which 
show and list the railroads serving each state. A 
summary of the current status of major mergers 
is also included. 

Between 1882 and 1891 Rand McNally pro- 
duced elephant-sized maps at the scale of 1 :506,880 
or 1 inch to 8 miles, in 12 panels which when 
joined formed a map more than 10 X 15 feet in 
size. The several editions of the map, which covers 
the country from the east coast to the 105th 
meridian of longitude, are entitled "Rand Mc- 
Nally & Go's New Railroad Junction Point and 
County Map of the Eastern & Middle States 
Prepared from Latest Government Surveys, and 
Verified by the Working Time Tables of the 
Various Railroads. Drawn, Engraved, Printed, 
Colored by Hand and Published by Rand, Mc- 
Nally & Co. Chicago." It shows county boundaries, 
all railroad junctions, and all railroads identified 
by hand-applied colors. This is probably the map 
which George H. HeafTord stated was "frequently 
posted on the out-houses, dead-walls and fences of 
our large cities." 

Not all the commercial mapping ventures of the 
late 19th century represented large and diversified 
operations. Several interesting manuscript maps of 
the midwestern states that portray routes of the 
"Railway Mail Service" and locate working post 
offices are based on the official "Post Route Maps" 
and the outsized map mentioned above. These 
large-scale, hand-drawn maps were designed 
toward the end of the century by Frank H. Gal- 










—IOWA— 



§fcl l^^W^ 







'-^-P&fcr'^' "I "-Cl,;!^ - 



£* /- r^ «'?;> ¥ -< s^'^ ,'t-- V ,M 



•T^w^. 



Northeastern portion of the map of Iowa by Frank H. 
Galbraith. This is one oj several maps he designed to 
assist railway clerks in sorting the mail. {Entry 220) 

braith, an enterprising Chicago railway mail clerk. 
Pictorial representations, in caricature, which 
suggest post office names illustrate the maps. 
Dogwood Post Office, for example, is identified 
by a picture of a dog, Elizabeth by a queen. 
Starlight by a star, and Worth by a dollar sign. A 
printed title cartouche accompanied by a list of 
counties for each of the states, by McEwen Map 
Company of Chicago, is pasted on the maps. The 
maps were devised to serve as memory aids for 
employees of the Railway Mail Service and the 
U.S. Post Office Department in quickly locating 
counties, routes, and post offices in the several 
states. The maps were not published but were 
rented, on a fee basis, to practicing or prospective 
postal workers. (See entry 215.) 

The large amount of data made available as a 
result of 19th-century railroad surveying and 
mapping activities helped stimulate other mapping 



INTRODUCTION 



13 



ventures. Maps became readily available to the 
public in quantity and at low prices mainly because 
of the great advances in 19th-century printing 
techniques. The vast amount of valuable data 
gathered by government exploring parties in the 
West contributed to more accurate commercially 
produced general maps as well as the specialized 
railroad and route quide maps. These readily 
available cartographic reference tools contributed 
in large measure to the geographical knowledge 
of the country and assured their survival in map 
collections. 

Railroad map production continued at a strong 
pace into the early 20th century, until expansion of 
the network was completed. It declined, slowly, 
after the peak of railroad building. The largest 
decline is noted in individual promotional maps 
and surveys as lines became abandoned or con- 
solidated. General railroad maps, depicting the 
continental United States and using the basic 
style developed in the previous century, continued 
to be popular until the beginning of World War II. 
Today separately published maps of individual 
consolidated systems and small-scale maps printed 
in timetables and atlases, such as Rand McNaliys 
Handy Railroad Atlas of the United States (Chicago, 
1973), continue to reflect the influence of mapping 
and printing styles developed in the 19th century. 



NOTES 

' John F. Stover, American Railroads (Chicago: University 
of Chicago Press, 1961), p. 1. 

' Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 4 ( 1 880) : 
422, and 11 (1887):243. 

' Daniel J. Boorstin, The Americans (New York: Random 
House, 1965), p. 18. 

* Henry Vamum Poor, Manual oj the Railroads oj the 
United States Jot 1870-71 (New York: H.V. & H.W. Poor, 
1870), p. xxviii. 

' Thurman W. Van Metre, Transportation in the United 
States (Brooklyn: Foundation Press, 1950), p. 31. 

« Walter W. RUtow, "Lithography and Maps, 1 796-1850" 
(Oral presentation, currently in press, given at the 3d 
Kenneth Nebcnzahl, Jr., lecture on the history of carto- 
graphy, entitled "500 Years of Map Printing." Newberry 
Library, Chicago, Center for the History of Cartography, 
November 3, 1972.) 

' Van Metre, p. 38-39. 

' Alfred Runte, "Pragmatic Alliance, Western Railroads 
and the National Parks," National Parks 48 (April 1974):14. 

' "Single Rail Railway," [With lithograph plate by 
Pendleton. Boston, April 30, 1827] No t.p.; date from end 
of article. 



"• Walter W. Ristow, "The Anastatic Process in Map 
Reproduction," The Cartographic Journal 9, no. 1 (June 
1972):37-40. 

" David Woodward, "Cerotyping and Cartography," 
(Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for 
Geography 625, University of Wisconsin, Madison, January 
1966.) 

" George Woolworth Colton, A Genealogical Record of the 
Descendants of Quartermaster George Colton (Philadephia: 
Printed for private circulation by John Milton Colton, 
1912), p. 273. 

" Henry Varnum Poor, History of the Railroads and Canals 
of the United States of America (New York: John H. Schulz & 
Co., 1860), p. [vi]. 

'* Henry Schenck Tanner, Memoir on the Recent Surveys, 
Observations, and Internal Improvements, in the United States... 
(Philadelphia: Published by the Author, 1829), p. 19. 

"Poor, p. 103. 

» Ristow, "Lithography and Maps, 1796-1850," p. 49. 

" Clara E. LeGear, The Hotchkiss Map Collection. A 
List of Manuscript Maps, Many of the Civil War Period, Pre- 
pared by Major Jed. Hotchkiss, and Other Manuscript and 
Annotated Maps in His Possession (Washington: Library of 
Congress, 1951). 

" William H. Goetzmann, Army Exploration in the American 
West (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1959), pp. 199, 
341. 

" Fairfax Harrison, Landmarks of Old Prince William; A 
Study of Origins in Northern Virginia (Richmond, Va.: Old 
Dominion Press, 1924). 2 vols. Reprinted in one volume in 
1964 by the Chesapeake Book Company, Berryville, Va., 
pp. 585-90. 

* The reports to these surveys have not been found. See: 
L,ouis¥l.lianey's A Congressional History of Railways, 1 (1908): 
111, and Joseph Carrington Cabell, Notes Relative to the 
Route, Cost and Bearing of a Railway from Covington to the 
Head of Steamboat Navigation on the Kanawha River... (Ad- 
dressed to Walter Gwynn, Chief Engineer, Feburary 10th, 
1851.) 

" Report of the Engineers, on the Reconnoissance and surveys, 
made in reference to the Baltimore and Ohio Rail Road (Baltimore: 
Printed by W. Wooddy, 1828). William Howard, C.E., 
Stephen Harrison Long, Jonathan Knight, William Gibbs 
McNeill, Joshua Barney, Isaac R. Trimble were the sur- 
veyors. Lt. Joshua Barney's "Map of the Country Em- 
bracing the Various Routes Surveyed for the Bait. & Ohio 
Rail Road by Order of the Board of Engineers." (Baltimore, 
1828?). Scale ca. 1:193,000. 27 X 61 cm., was prepared to 
accompany the report. 

" Slason Thompson, A Short History of American Railways 
(Chicago: Bureau of Railway News and Statistics, 1925), 
p. 154. 

" Louis H. Haney, A Congressional History of Railways, 2 vols. 
(Madison: University of Wisconsin, 1908 and 1910; reprint 
ed., New York: Augustus M. Kelley, 1968), 1:400. 

'* Memorial of Asa Whitney. ..Praying a Grant of Land, to 
Enable Him to Construct a Railroad from Lake Michigan to the 
Pacific Ocean (28th Congress, 2d sess.. Senate Doc. 69, 
Serial 451, Jan. 28, 1845). 

* Carl I. Wheat, Mapping the Transmississippi West 5 vols. 
(San Franscisco: The Institute of Historical Cartography, 
1957-63),2:187. 

" Stover, p. 53. 

" Gouverneur K. Warren, Memoir to Accompany the Map of 
the Territory of the United States from the Mississippi River to the 
Pacific Ocean, Giving a Brief Account of Each of the Exploring 



14 



INTRODUCTION 



Expeditions Since A.D. 1800, with a Detailed Description of the 
Method Adopted in Compiling the General Map (Washington, 
U.S. Congress, Senate, 1859), p. 78. 

^ Reports of Explorations and Surveys, to Ascertain the Most 
Practicable and Economical Route Jor a railroad from the 
Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean 1853-1856 (Washington, 
1855-1859), published in a quarto set of 13 volumes and 
commonly known as the "Pacific Railroad Surveys," it 
contains narratives of the explorations and accompanying 
maps of the surveyed routes. 

» Warren, pp 66-82. 

»Haney,2:13. 



" "Truth in Railway Maps," Railroad Age 84, no. 15 
(1928):879. 

^ Rand McNally and Company, [Untitled booklet dis- 
tributed to customers by the company, circa 1879]. 

" Rand McNally and Company, Railway Guide The 
Travelers' Hand Book, (Chicago, January 1873), p. xvii, and 
"A Tradition is Born. ..Rand McNally's First Maps," 
Ranally World (December 1962) :8. 

'* Ranally World (February to June 1956), and Andrew 
McNally III, The World oj Rand McNally (New York: New- 
comer Society of North America, 1956). 

* Rand McNally and Company, [Untitled booklet 
distributed to customers by the company, circa 1879]. 




i^My^yiiiiL'i 



An 1834 map oj the railroads and canals in the United 
States. This map was drawn and engraved by William 
Norris, the famous designer oj locomotives that employed 
anthracite coal asjuel. His successjul engine was used on 
the Philadelphia and Columbia Railroad. {Entry 2a) 



United States 



1 

Tanner, Henry Schenck. Map of the canals & 
rail roads of the United States, reduced from the 
large map of the U.S. Entered according to Act of 
Congress, the 16th day of June 1830. Engraved by 
J. Knight, col. Scale ca. 1:7,000,000. 44X58 cm. 

G3701.P3 1830.T3. 

From his A Brief Description of the Canals and 
Railroads of the United Stales (Philada., 1834). 

One of the earliest general maps of the eastern 
United States showing railroads in operation. The 
working lines are in blue, proposed lines are in 
green. Canals are shown in red and yellow. In- 
cludes canal profiles. 

Inset: South part of Florida. 10X8 cm. 



Lay, Amos. Map of the United States compiled 
from the latest and most accurate surveys by Amos 
Lay, geographer & map publisher, New York. 
London, published by the proprietor, 1834. Title 
&c. Designed & engraved by Thos. Starling, 
London, col. Scale ca. 1:1,500,000. 132X157 cm. 

Detailed map of the eastern United States to 
about the 97th Meridian. Shows drainage, relief 
by hachures, state and county boundaries, cities, 
towns and villages, canals, roads, and railroads in 
operation and proposed lines. 

Railroads are shown in New York, Massachu- 
setts, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Vir- 
ginia, Kentucky, South Carolina, and a very 
small part of North Carolina from Rock Island to 
the northern boundary. 

Inset: Florida. 17X15 cm. 

2a 

Norris, William. Map of the railroads and canals 
finished, unfinished and in contemplation in the 
United States. Drawn and engraved for D. K. 
Minor editor of the Railroad Journal. New York 
[1834] col. Scale ca. 1:3,250,000. 62X94 cm. 

Important early map of the United States. 



Includes drainage, relief by hachures, canals, and 
cities and towns. Contains route profiles for the 
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, the Columbia 
Railroad, Pa., and the Massachusetts railroads. 
Eleven other railroad profiles show canal routes. 



Tanner, Henry Schenck. United States. Entered 
according to Act of Congress, in the year 1835. 
Scale ca. 1:8,000,000. 38X31 cm. 

From his A New Universal Atlas . . . (Philadelphia, 
1836). For a description of this atlas see P. L. 
Phillips' A List of Geographical Atlases in the Library 
of Congress (Washington, Govt, print, oflf., 1909) 
V. 1, no 774. 

The map covers the eastern half of the United 
States. Shows roads, canals, and railroads. Indi- 
cates state boundaries and many cities. 

4 
Bouffard, L. Carte des Etats-Unis d'Am6rique 
1836. Gravee sur pierre. Paris, L. Bernard, 1836. 
col. Scale ca. 1:8,000,000. 32X38 cm. 

G3701.P3 1836.B6 

Sketch map of the eastern half of the United 
States showing major mountain ridges by hachures. 
Indicates canals, railroads and the "Route 
Nationale" between Cumberland, Md., and 
Vandalia, 111. Shows projected railroads between 
Cumberland and Vandalia, between New Orleans 
and Nashville, and between Cincinnati and 
Columbia, S.C. "Voies de communication" are 
indicated in five colors. 

5 
Mitchell, S. Augustus. Mitchell's map of the 
United States; showing the principal travelling 
turnpike and common roads; on which arc given 
the distances in miles from one place to another; 
also, the courses of the canals & rail roads through- 
out the country, carefully compiled from the best 
authorities. Philadelphia, 1836. Sold by Mitchell & 



15 



16 



UNITED STATES 



Hinman. Entered according to Act of Congress in 
the year 1835. Scale ca. 1:4,800,000. 50X61 cm. 

Detailed map of the eastern half of the United 
States printed on linen. The map shows drainage, 
place names, roads, railroads, and canals — com- 
pleted and proposed. Table of distances appears 
below the title. 

The paper edition of this map app)ears in Bishop 
Davenport's A New Gazetteer, or Geographical Dic- 
tionary of North America . . . (Philadelphia, 1836). 

Insets: Environs of Niagara Falls. 7X7 cm. — 
Environs of Baltimore and Washington. 9X7 cm. — 
Environs of Charleston. 9X6 cm. — Environs of 
Hartford and New Haven. 3X3 in. — Environs of 
Albany. 7X7 cm. — Environs of Boston. 9X7 cm. — 
Environs of New York. 9X6 cm. — Environs of 
Philadelphia. 9X6 cm. 



Burr, David H. Map of the United States of 
North America with parts of the adjacent coun- 
tries. By David H. Burr. (Late topographer to the 
Post Office.) Geographer to the House of Repre- 
sentatives of the U.S. [London, John Arrowsmith, 
1839] col. Scale ca. 1 :4,000,000. 91 X 124 cm. 

From his The American Atlas (London, J. Arrow- 
smith, 1839). 

Map of the continental United States showing 
relief by hachures, drainage, state boundaries, 
cities and towns, roads, trails, canals, and railroads. 



Tanner, Henry Schenck. Map of the canals & 
raU roads of the United States, reduced from the 
large map of the U.S. Published by T. R. Tanner & 
J. Disturnell, New York, 1840. Engraved by J. 
Knight. Entered according to act of Congress, the 
16th day of June 1830. Scale ca. 1:6,500,000. 
45X60 cm. 

General map of the eastern United States 
showing drainage, state boundaries, and place 
names. Railroads are annotated in brown, canals 
in blue. 

Inset: South part of Florida. 10X8 cm. 

8 

Smith, John Calvin. A new map for travelers 
through the United States of America showing the 
railroads, canals & stage roads. With the distances. 
Published by Sherman & Smith, New- York. 1846. 
Scale ca. 1 : 4,250,000. 54X68 cm. 

G3700 1846.S61. 

From his The Illustrated Hand-Book Jor Travelers 
Through the United States of America (New York, 
Sherman & Smith, 1846). The Library of Congress 
also has editions of the guide dated 1847, 1849, 
1851, and 1856, each of which contains a folded 
map of the United States. 



A detailed general map of the eastern half of the 
United States, framed in decorative borders, with 
most of the details east of the Mississippi River. 
Indicates drainage, state boundaries and shows 
many cities and towns with distances along roads 
and railroads. Indian tribes are indicated west of 
the Mississippi River. 

Annotated in pen and ink at top of map is "254. 
Deposited in the Clerk's Office for the So. District 
of New York December 31, 1845." On the verso a 
manuscript note states: "No. 438. Received at the 
State Department Apr. 18, 1846." 

Insets: Railroad route from Philadelphia to 
Washington. 3X13 cm. — Railroad route from New 
York to Philadelphia. 3X13 cm. — Map showing 
the railroads between the cities of New York, 
Boston & Albany & the Hudson R. from New York 
to Albany. 10X13 cm. — Railroad & canal routes 
from Albany to Buffalo. 4X18 cm. — Map of Ore- 
gon, Northern California & c. 18X18 cm. 



Doggett, John, Jr. Map of the United States of 
America to accompany Doggett's Rail Road Guide. 
[1847] col. Scale ca. 1:6,000,000. 45X58 cm. 

From Doggett's Railroad Guide [1847]. 

"The working lines of railroad are shown in 
color." 

Inset: Map of Oregon, California &c. 15X12 
cm. (The inset does not indicate raUroads.) 

10 
Dinsmore, Curran. Complete railway map de- 
signed and engraved from the original maps, charts 
and schedules furnished by railway engineers, 
agents &c to accompany the American Railway 
Guide. New York, C. Dinsmore, [1848]. Scale ca. 
1:7,000,000. 36X42 cm. 

To the right of the map is an advertisment 
stating "American Railway Guide for the United 
States. Published Monthly." 

Inset: Railway map of New England, together 
with sections of New York, New Jersey, and 
Pennsylvania on an enlarged scale. 23X23 cm. 

Another edition lacks tide and advertisment. 

1850 edition. From American Railway Guide, and 
Pocket Companion, for the United Stales. Charles Cobb, 
compiler, 1850. 

To the left of the tide is a small view engraved 
by "Nowland," which shows the offices of the 
"American Railway Guide" and "New York 
Pathfinder." 

II 
U.S. Congress. House. Skeleton map showing the 
Rail Roads completed and in progress in the 
United States and their connections as projxjsed 
with the harbor of Pensacola, and its relative 
position to the various important ports and the 



UNITED STATES 



17 



Gulf of Mexico, the Atlantic coast and in the West 
Indies. Prepared by order of the House of Repre- 
sentatives of the United States. 1st sess., 30th Con. 
[1847-1848]. Scale ca. 1:3,400,000. 123X92 cm. 

G3701.P3 1848.U5. 

Outline map of the eastern half of the United 
States indicating drainage, state boundaries, major 
cities, and constructed and contemplated railroads. 
The southern portion of map indicates proposed 
shipping routes to points in the West Indies and 
Middle America. 

This is one of the earliest small-scale government 
maps to show a railroad network. 

12 
Disturnell, John. Traveller's map of the middle, 
northern, eastern states and Canada showing all 
the railroad, steamboat, canal and principal stage 
routes. New York, 1849. Scale ca. 1:2,000,000. 
48X59 cm. 

Map covers the northeastern portion of the 
United States. 

At bottom of map: List of "Canal, rail road & 
steamboat routes." 

Inset: View of "Niagara River and surrounding 
country. Showing the proposed ship canal, rail 
roads, &c. Drawn by the late Capt. W. G. Williams, 
U.S. Topographical Corps." 10X15 cm. 

LC also has editons of 1850 and 1856. 

13 
U.S. Congress. Senate. Skeleton map showing the 
Rail Roads completed and in progress in the 
United States, and those projected through the 
Public Lands and their connection with the 
principal harbours on the Lakes and on the Sea- 
board. Printed by order of the Senate of the 
United States the 9th: Sess: 31st Congress 1848-9. 
Accompanied with a report from Hon: Sidney 
Breese, for granting land to the state of Illinois to 
aid in the completion of her rail roads. C. B. 
Graham's Lithy, Washington City, D.C., [1849]. 
Scale 1:3,400,000. 117X92 cm. 

Similar to entry no. 1 1 . 

14 
[Whitney, Asa] [Map without title showing the 
railroad route to Santa Fe and San Diego; the 
central route through South Pass and on to San 
Francisco and "Puget's Sound," and the "Whitney 
Route" from Prairie du Chien to "Puget's Sound," 
and connecting railroads east of the Mississippi]. 
N[ew] Y[ork] Miller's Lith. [1849] Uncolored. 
Scale ca. 1:15,500,000. 38X46 cm. 

G3701.P3 1849.W5 
Title from C. I. Wheat's Mapping the Trans- 
mississippi West. 

At top of map: "No. 2." Relief shown by 



hachures. Includes distance chart showing dis- 
tances via northern route, southern route, 
Galveston route, and St. Louis route. 

From the author's A Project Jor a Railroad to the 
Pacific. 

Outline map of North America showing proposed 
railroad routes within the present limits of the 
United States. This is one of the earliest promo- 
tional maps for a transcontinental railroad to 
come before the United States Congress and 
claimed by the author to have been "conceived as 
early as 1830." 



15 
Map of the central portion of the United States 
showing the lines of the proposed Pacific railroads. 
[New York, 185?]. Scale ca. 1:6,500,000. 19X77 
cm. 

Strip map of the United States between 36° and 
47° north latitude. Shows drainage, relief by 
hachures, state boundaries, place names, and some 
trails in the western half of the map. Indicates the 
proposed lines for the western, central, and eastern 
divisions of the Union Pacific Railroad. 



16 
Dinsmore, Curran. Dinsmore & Company's new 
and complete map of the railway system of the 
United States and Canada. Compiled from official 
sources, under the direction of the editor of the 
"American Railway Guide." [New York] 1850. 
Scale ca. 1 : 5,200,000. 40X50 cm. 

Map of the eastern United States to about the 
96th Meridian showing operating and projected 
railroads. 

Inset: City of New York [showing the Harlem 
R.R.] 18X15 cm. 

LC also has 1854 edition. 



17 
Burr, Henry A. Disturnell's new map of the 
United States and Canada; showing all the canals, 
rail roads, telegraph lines and principal stage roads. 
Drawn by Henry A. Burr, Topographer to the 
Post Office Dept. Washington, D.C. New York, 
J. Disturnell, 1851. cl850. Scale ca. 1:4,000,000. 
55X69 cm. 

G3700 1851 .B8 

Map of the eastern half of the United States 
showing relief by hachures, drainage, major cities 
and towns, canals roads, telegraph lines, railroads, 
and unfinished railroads. 

LC also has 1850 edition and a revised edition of 
1856 which shows proposed routes to the Pacific 
Ocean. 



18 



UNITED STATES 



18 
Williams, Wellington. A new map of the United 
States. Upon which are delineated its vast works of 
internal communication, routes across the con- 
tinent &c. showing also Canada and the Island of 
Cuba, by W. Williams. Philadelphia, Lippincott, 
Grambo & Co., 1851. col. Scale ca. 1:4,250,000. 
63X76 cm. 

G3700 1851 .W5. 

Detailed general map of the eastern half of the 
United States indicating drainage, state bound- 
aries, state and county capitals, cities and towns, 
common roads, the "Oregon Route," canals, and 
railroads. 

One of the earliest maps to indicate an operating 
railroad west of the Mississippi River, from St. 
Louis to Jefferson City. Topography is indicated 
by hachures only in the inset of California. Indian 
tribes are shown west of the Mississippi River. 

Insets: Map of the Niagara River and Falls. — 
City & harbor of Havana. — Map of the Island of 
Cuba. — Map of California, Oregon, New Mexico, 
Utah &c. 

19 
Disturnell, John. Map of the United States in 
part and Canada. Showing all the canals, railroads, 
navigable rivers &c. New York, 1852. col. Scale 
ca. 1:1,500,000. 134X84 cm. 

Map of the north-central and northeastern 
United States showing drainage, place names, 
state boundaries, canals, completed and "un- 
finished" railroads, stage roads, and steamboat 
routes. 

LC also has 1853 edition. 

20 
[Smith, John Calvin] A new map for travellers 
through the United States of America showing the 
railways, canals & stage roads. With the distances. 
Liverpool, George Philip & Son, 1852. col. Scale 
ca. 1:4,250,000. 52X68 cm. 

General map of the eastern United States. 
Indicates concentric circles at 100-mile intervals 
from New York City. 

Insets: Railway route from Philadelphia to 
Washington. 3X13 cm. — Railway route from New 
York to Philadelphia. 3X13 cm. — Map showing 
the railways between the cities of New York, 
Boston & Albany & the Hudson R. from New 
York to Albany. 10X13 cm. — Railway & canal 
routes from Albany to Buffalo. 4X18 cm. — Map of 
Oregon, Northern California &c. 18X18 cm. 

21 

Williams, W[ellington] A new map of the United 
States. Upon which are delineated its vast works of 
internal communication, routes across the con- 



tinent &c. Showing also Canada and the island of 
Cuba. Philadelphia. Published by Lippincott, 
Grambo & Co., 1852. col. Scale ca. 1:4,500,000. 
64X76 cm. 

Map of the eastern half of the United States and 
part of Canada showing drainage, state bound- 
aries, cities and towns, roads, railroads, and canals. 

Inset: Map of California, Oregon, New Mexico, 
Utah &c. 28X23 cm. 



22 
[McAlpine, William J.] [Outline map of the 
United States showing proposed railroad routes to 
the Pacific. 1853] Scale ca. 1:7,000,000. 54X82 
cm. 

For a similar map see Carl I. Wheat's Mapping 
the Transmississippi West, v. 3 (San Francisco, Insti- 
tute of Historical Cartography, 1957-63.) p. 193. 



23 

Drake, Ira S. Mitchell's new traveller's guide 
through the United States, showing the rail roads, 
canals, stage roads &c. With distances from place 
to place. Philadelphia, Thomas, Cowperthwait & 
Co., 1853. col. Scale ca. 1:3,700,000. 56X74 cm. 

G3700 1853 .D7 

General map of the eastern half of the United 
States, framed in decorative borders, indicating 
drainage, state boundaries, major cities and towns, 
roads, railroads, canals, and distances. The com- 
plete railroad network and railroads in progress of 
completion and proposed lines are indicated. 
Annotation in ink indicates "Benton Collection." 
Insets: Map of New England or Eastern States. 
23X19 cm. — Map of the Copper Mine Region. 
8X10 cm. — Vicinity of Niagara Falls. 7X7 cm. — 
Map of the maritime and overland routes to 
California. 13X13 cm. — Map of the gold and 
quicksilver districts of California. 6X5 cm. 



24 
Johnson, Edwin F. Map of the proposed Northern 
Route for a railroad to the Pacific. 1853. Lith of 
E. C. Kellogg & Co., Hartford, Conn. Scale ca. 
1:6,750,000. 52X83 cm. 

Outline map of the United States showing 
drainage, state boundaries, major cities, and names 
of states, with state population figures. Western 
states show topography by hachures. 

Some major rail lines are shown in the north- 
eastern states. Besides the "Northern Route" the 
map also indicates four more southerly proposed 
routes west of the Mississippi River. 

Reproduced in Carl I. Wheat's Mapping the 
Transmississippi West, v. 3 (San Francisco, Institute 
of Historical Cartography, 1957-63), p. 193. 



UNITED STATES 



19 



25 
Andrews, Israel De Wolf. Map of the railroads in 
the United States in operation and progress. To 
accompany a report from the Treasury Department 
by Israel D. Andrew's, [sic] Drawn and engraved 
under direction of the editor of the American 
Railroad Journal. New York, Ackerman Lith. 
[1854]. Scale ca. 1:3,200,000. 100X108 cm. 

G3701.P3 1854 .A52 

From 32d Congress, 1st session. Senate. Ex. 
doc. no. 1 12. 

Map of the eastern half of the United States 
showing boundaries, place names, and major 
drainage. 

Insets: Map of Florida. 30X18 cm. — Map of 
Texas. 23X36 cm. 

LC also has 1852 edition. (Fillmore coll. no. 
148.) 

G3701.P3 1852. A5 

26 
McLellan, David. Map of all the railroads in the 
United States in Ofjeration and progress. Drawn 
and engraved under direction of the editor of the 
American Railroad Journal. D. McLellan, 
Lithographer. New York, [1854]. Scale ca. 
1:2,300,000. 82X107 cm. 

Map of the eastern United States to about the 
95th Meridian showing operating and projected 
railroads. 

Insets: [Boston and vicinity] 20X23 cm. — Map 
of Nova Scotia and part of New Brunswick. 
20X37 cm. 



27 
Poor, Henry Varnum. Map of all the railroads in 
the United States in operation and progress. 
Published by H. V. Poor, editor of the American 
Railroad Journal. D. McLellan, Lithographer. 
New York [1854] col. Scale ca. 1:2,750,000. 
90X102 cm. 

Map of the eastern United States showing relief 
by hachures, drainage, cities and towns, state 
boundaries, canals, and the railroad network. 

In 1923 Poor's Publishing Company of New 
York issued a reduced redrawing of this map 
measuring 46X50 cm. 

28 
Steiger, W. T. Diagram of the United States of 
America, Mexico, the West India Islands and 
Isthmus of Darien. Showing proposed routes of the 
Pacific Rail Road and its branches in connection 
with the various systems of existing and unfinished 
rail roads from the Mississippi valley to the Atlantic 
and Gulf Coasts, by W. T. Steiger, General Land 
Office. 1854. Lith by A. Hoen & Co. Baltimore, 
1854. Scale ca. 1:6,000,000. 73X94 cm. 



LC copy imjjerfect; northeast portion of map, 
from New York State north and a part north of 
the Great Lakes, missing. 

A table of distances appears to the right of the 
map. 

Outline map of the United States and Middle 
America. 

29 
Williams, Wellington. Williams' Commercial 
map of the United States and Canada with rail- 
roads, routes, and distances, by W. Williams. 
Philadelphia, 1855. col. 4 sheets, each 47X64 cm. 
Scale ca. 1:4,400,000. 

G3701.P3 1855 .W5 

At left of map: Routes and distances from 
Boston and New York, with the return. At right of 
map: Routes, connecting the principal cities and 
towns of the Union. Across bottom of map: Routes 
and distances from Philadelphia and Baltimore, 
with the return routes, connecting the principal 
cities and towns of the Union. 

Detailed general map of the eastern half of the 
United States framed in decorative borders in- 
dicating drainage, cities and towns, canals, roads, 
the railroad network and indicating the proposed 
railroad routes to the Pacific Ocean. Railroads in 
progress are indicated by dashed lines. 

Insets: Map of the Niagara River and Falls. — 
Map of California, Oregon, New Mexico, Utah 
&c. — Map of the Island of Cuba. — City & harbor 
of Havana. 

30 
Fisher, Richard S. Dinsmore's complete map of 
the railroads & canals in the United States & 
Canada carefully compiled from authentic sources 
by Richard S. Fisher, editor of the American 
Rail Road & Steam Navigation Guide. New 
York, Dinsmore & Company. 1856. Scale ca. 
1:4,000,000. 60X74 cm. 

Map of the eastern half of the United States and 
part of Canada showing drainage, relief by 
hachures, state boundaries, and proposed, pro- 
jected, and operating railroads. 

Inset: City of New York [showing the Harlem 
R.R.] 18X15 cm. 

Another edition. New York, Dinsmore & Co., 
1856, lacks inset. 

31 
Middleton, Wallace & Company. United States 
railway map, showing all the railways completed 
in progress and proposed in the United States & 
Canadas with their stations, distances & connec- 
tions together with a map of routes for a Pacific 
railway carefully compiled from government sur- 
veys. Cincinnati, 1856. col. Scale ca. 1:1,500,000. 
163X184 cm. on 12 sheets 43X63 cm. 



20 



UNITED STATES 



Map of the eastern United States within decora- 
tive borders showing drainage, cities and towns, 
state boundaries, and the railroad network with 
named lines and state of construction. 

Inset: Map of routes for a Pacific Rail-Road. . . . 
45X51 cm. 

32 
Ensign, Bridgman & Fanning. Rail road map of 
the United States, showing the depots & stations. 
Engraved by W. S. Barnard. New York, 1857. 
Scale not given. 79X88 cm. 

Map of eastern United States showing relief by 
hachures, drainage, cities and towns, and railroads 
with names of the lines. 

Inset: Plan of the New England states. 31X20 
cm. 

Colored edition in MUlard Fillmore Map Coll., 
no. 69. 

33 
Perris, WUliam. A new and complete railroad 
map of the United States compiled from reliable 
sources. [New York, Korff Brothers, practical 
lithographers] 1857. Scale ca. 1 :4,500,000. 79X 102 
cm. 

Map of the eastern half of the United States 
showing cities, state boundaries, finished railroads, 
and railroads in progress. 

Insets: [Boston & vicinity] includes list of "Boston 
Depots." 14X20 cm. — [New York & vicinity] in- 
cludes "Rail road depots in the city of New York." 
13X30 cm. — [Philadelphia & vicinity] includes list 
of "PhUadelphia depots." 13X23 cm.— Rail road 
map of Massachusetts, Connecticut and Rhode 
Island. .. 1857. 23X19 cm. 

34 
Schultz, John H. A new and complete county 
map of all the rail roads in the United States & 
Canadas in operation & progress. Published by 
John H. Schultz, American Rail Road Journal, 
[New York, 1857] col. Scale 1:2,112,000. 4 sheets, 
each 49X56 cm. 

Covers the eastern half of the United States. 
Shows drainage, county boundaries, and place 
names. 

Insets: Texas. 18X21 cm. — Massachusetts, 
Connecticut, and Rhode Island. Entered according 
to act of Congress in the year 1857 by Wm. Perris. 
16X19 cm. 

35 
Perris, William. A new and complete rail road 
map of the United States compiled from reliable 
sources by William Perris, C.E. & Surveyor, New 
York. Presented by the Home Insurance Company. 
New York, Korff Brothers, Practical Lithographers 
[1858] Colored. Scale ca. 1:4,500,000. 57X84 cm. 



Map of the eastern half of the United States 
showing cities, state boundaries, "finished rail- 
roads," and "railroads in progress." 

36 
Stammann, Hugo. J. Sage & Sons' new & reliable 
rail road map comprising all the railroads of the 
United States and Canadas with their stations and 
distances, compiled from the most accurate statis- 
tics. Buffalo, Sage & Sons, 1858. Uncolored. Scale 
1 : 2,1 12,000. 2 sheets, each 1 17X73 cm. 

G3701.P3 1858 .S8 

Outline commercial map of the eastern half of 
the United States framed in decorative borders 
indicating major drainage systems, state bound- 
aries, cities and towns along railroad routes, and 
distances between stations. Names of railroad 
companies are given along each route. Includes 
detailed lists of railroad companies, stations, and 
distances by state in marginal text. 

Note: "To Directors & Superintendents. The 
low price of this map must insure a large sale and 
as it will be printed in small editions, the publishers 
believe it to be the interest of the Rail Road Com- 
munity to furnish us with sketches of all roads, or 
parts of roads that may be finished after this date, 
as well as notice of any changes of name or con- 
solidation, and the proposed routes of Newly 
Chartered & progressing roads. . . ." 

Inset: Eastern Massachusetts and part of N. 
Hampshire, Rhode Island & Connecticut. 15X17 
cm. 

LC also has revised 1866 edition, published by 
Asher & Adams. 

37 
Lloyd, James T. Lloyd's American railroad map 
of the United States showing the three proposed 
roads and the overland mail route to the Pacific, by 
J. T. Lloyd. N[ew] Y[ork] Engd. by Rae Smith, 
1859. col. Scale ca. 1:6,500,000. 2 sheets, each 
65X47 cm. G3701.P3 1859 .L5 

Oudine map of the continental United States 
showing drainage, relief by hachures, state bound- 
aries, major cities, forts, railroads and proposed 
railroads. 

Portraits of 28 railroad presidents are reproduced 
in the border, including: John Robin McDaniel, 
Jacob Strader, J. D. De Frees, John Caldwell, 
C. A. Brown, J. Edgar Thomson, Thos. D. Walker, 
E. Hobbs, R. N. Rice, S. S. L'Hommedieu, Wm. 
Case, George Palmer, P. A. Hall, Henry C. Lord, 
A. G. Jaudon, Edwin Robinson, E. H. GUI, W. T. 
Joynes, J. B. Warring, S. L. Fremont, John L. 
Helm. John Ross, A. S. Crothers, E. Gest, Erastus 
Corning, L. M. Hubby, W. H. Clements, John T. 
Levis. 

Note: "Drawn & engraved at Rae Smith's . . . 
N.Y. from materials furnished to the 36th Congress 



UNITED STATES 



21 



James T. Lloyd's 1859 map oj the United States showing 
the recently completed Pacific railroad surveys. The map 
iruludes portraits oj important railroad officials, including 
J. Edgar Thomson, an early railroad mapmaker. {Entry 
37) 



^^W^.W/Ie .:!liK_ mm Wm 




Jk&Am'& 




March 1859 by G. K. Warren Lt. U.S. Top. Eng. 
for the passage of the Pacific Railroad bill." 

38 
Mitchell, Samuel Augustus. Jr. Railroad map of 
the eastern, western and northern states, and 
Canada. Showing conspicuously the lines of com- 
munication between the f>orts of the Atlantic and 
the Great West and North West. Philadelphia, 
1859. col. Scale ca. 1:2,200,000. 60X115 cm. 

General map covering the northeastern and 
north-central United States and part of eastern 
Canada. Shows drainage, cities, roads, canals, and 
"railroads completed" and "in progress." 

39 
Stevens, Isaac I. Isothermal chart of the region 
north of the 36th Parallel &c. &c. between the 
Adantic & Pacific Oceans. Compiled under the 
direction of Isaac I. Stevens, Govnr. of Washington 
Territory. New York, Sarony, Major & Knapp 



Lith., [1859]. Colored. Scale 1:7,450,000. 36X70 
cm. 

From 36th Congress, 1st session. House. Ex. 
doc. no. 56. 

Indicates "practicable railroad lines," and 
"proposed railroad lines." Summer isotherms are in 
red, winter isotherms are in blue. 

40 
Tunis, W. E. Tunis' new colored rail road map 
of the United States & Canadas. Revised and 
corrected every month. Entered according to Act 
of Congress in the year 1859. col. Scale ca. 
1:5,000,000. 41X51 cm. 

From Tunis' International Rail Road Guide [1859]. 

Map of the eastern United States to about the 
96th Meridian. Lower right corner of map has 
"table showing the length of rail roads, and the 
page on which their time tables may be found in 
the guide." 

"The continuous red lines represent rail roads 



22 



UNITED STATES 



completed. The dotted red lines represent roads 
projected." 

41 
Colton, Joseph Hutchins. Colton's new railroad 
& county map of the United States and the 
Canadas'&c. New York, J. H. Colton, 1860. 
Scale ca. 1:3,250,000. 80X98 cm. 

Detailed county map of the eastern half of the 
United States showing many place names and the 
railroads. 

LC also has 1862 edition. 

Inset: Colton's map of the United States showing 
the proposed railroad routes to the Pacific Ocean. 
18X26 cm. 

42 
Goldthwait, J. H. Goldthwait's map of the 
United States, British Provinces, Mexico, Central 
America, W. India Is. &c. Exhibiting the railroads 
with their distances, single and double tracks and 
width of gauge. New York, D. Chester, 1861. 
Scale ca. 1 : 7,000,000. 82X94 cm. 

Population figures appear to the left and bottom 
of the map. "Principal forts and military stations in 
the U.S." are listed at the lower right of the map. 

Map shows drainage, relief by hachures, place 
names, and state boundaries. 

Insets: Map of the railroads of New England 
eastern N. York. 23X18 cm. — Map of the great 
railroad routes from the middle Atlantic ports to 
the Mississippi River. 22X42 cm. 

43 
Lloyd, James T. Lloyd's American railroad map, 
showing the whole seat of war. New York [1861]. 
col. Scale ca. 1 : 1,900,800. 2 parts, each 98X64 cm. 

G3701.P3 1861 .L5 

From Lloyd's American Railroad Weekly, Saturday, 
July 6, 1861. 

Covers area east of the Mississippi River. Omits 
most of Florida and northern Maine. Indicates 
"railroads in running order." 

Listed in R. W. Stephenson's Civil War Maps 
(Washington, Govt, print, off., 1961), no. 14. 

Inset: Map of Escambia & Santa Rose Cos., 
Fl. 28X30 cm. 

44 
Magnus, Charles. Complete map of the rail roads 
and water courses, in the United States & Canada. 
New York, Charles Magnus & Co., [1861]. col. 
Scale ca. 1 : 5,800,000. 58X68 cm. 

Map of the eastern half of the United States and 
part of Canada showing drainage, state bound- 
aries, and place names. Shows steamboat routes 
and railroads in of)eration, in progress, and pro- 
jected. 



In lower margin of main map is printed "En- 
tered, according to act of Congress, in the year 
1859. . . ." At the bottom edge below the inset 
neat lines is printed "Entered, according to act of 
Congress, in the year 1861. . . ." 

Insets: Military map of Maryland & Virginia. 
1 1 X 19 cm. — Map of northern military movements: 
between New York & St. Louis. 14X24 cm. — 
[View of the U.S. Capitol] 18X 19 cm.— [Entrance 
to Mobile Bay] 18X13 cm. — [United States and 
the Gulf of Mexico]. 18 X 18 cm. 

45 
Colton, Joseph Hutchins. Colton's rail-road and 
military map of the United States, Mexico, the 
West Indies, &c. New York, 1862. col. Scale ca. 
1 :6,500,000. 78X103 cm. G3700 1862 .C65 

Shows slave-holding states. Includes census 
information for 1860. 

Detailed general map of the major portions of 
North America framed in decorative borders 
showing drainage, relief by hachures, international 
and state boundaries, cities and towns, forts, rail- 
roads in operation, and proposed lines. 

Insets: Colton's map of the Americas, Africa and 
a portion of Europe, showing the Atlantic and part 
of the Pacific oceans. — New Orleans and delta of 
the Mississippi, Louisiana. — Mobile harbor, 
Alabama. — Key West and Tortugas, Florida 
reefs. — Wilmington and vicinity, N. Carolina. — 
Beaufort and vicinity, N. Carolina. — Norfolk, 
fortress Monroe, James River, Richmond, Peters- 
burgh &c &c. — Map of Charleston, Port Royal & 
Savannah vicinities. — Washington, Manassas 
Junction, Harpers Ferry, Baltimore, Annapolis 
&c &c. 

46 
Lloyd, James T. Lloyd's new map of the United 
States, the Canadas and New Brunswick, from the 
latest surveys, showing every railroad & station 
finished to June 1863, and the Atlantic and Gulf 
coasts from the United States Superintendent's 
official reports of the Coast Survey by order of 
Congress. New York, 1863. [Corrected to October 
4, 1864]. col. Scale ca. 1:2,250,000. 95X127 cm. 

Map of eastern United States, showing roads, 
railroads, distances by rail, towns, state and county 
names, and boundaries. 

Listed in R. W. Stephenson's Civil War Maps 
(Washington, Govt. Print. Off., 1961), no. 50. 

47 
Schonberg and Company. Lloyd's new county 
map of the United States and Canadas showing 
battle fields, railroads, &c. Compiled from the 
latest government surveys & other reliable & 
official sources. Drawn and engraved by Schonberg 
& Co., New York. New York, H. H. Lloyd & Co., 



UNITED STATES 



23 



1863. col. Scale ca. 1:2,500,000. 97X132 cm. 

Indicates location and date of engagements, 
towns, railroads, state and county boundaries, and 
rivers. 

Listed in R. VV. Stephenson's Civil War Maps 
(Washington, Govt. Print. Off., 1961), no. 47. 

48 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. New 
railway map of the United States. New York, 1867. 
Scale 1:1,267,200. 4 sheets. 77X81 cm. 

G3701 .P3 1867 .06 
Detailed map of the eastern half of the United 
States to the 93d Meridian, framed in decorative 
borders. Indicates drainage, state, county, and 
township boundaries, cities and towns, canals, 
roads, the railroad network, and distances between 
stations. Incomplete railroads are shown by thin 
black lines. 

49 
Lloyd, James T. Lloyd's railroad, telegraph & 
express map of the United States and Canadas 
from official information. New York & London, 
1867. col. Scale ca. 1:2,300,000. 93X128 cm. 

Map of the eastern United States showing relief 
by hachures, drainage, cities and towns, forts and 
fortifications, express companies, railroads, and 
magnetic telegraph wires. Includes railroads which 
have been completed and in operation up to July 
1863. 

Note: "The public are cautioned against another 
'Lloyd' by whose name he hopes to deceive the 
public with spurious Lloyd's Maps. . . ." 

Annotated in red and blue to show major rail- 
road and ship lines in the North East. 

Insets: Map of the eastern states . . .62X34 
cm.— [Boston] 15X 12 cm.— [Philadelphia] 12X15 
cm. — Railroads in Texas. 15X14 cm. — Riviere du 
Loup Branch. 7X16 cm. 

50 

Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Colton's 
railroad map (intermediate size) of the United 
States reduced from "Colton's railroad and com- 
mercial map of the United States." New York, 
1870. Scale 1 : 2,2 17,600. 4 sheets, each 55X62 cm. 

Detailed map of the United States showing 
drainage, relief by hachures in inset only, cities and 
towns, internal boundaries, railroads named along 
the line, and railroads under construction. 

Inset: Plan of the western portion of the United 
States. 32X42 cm. 

51 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Colton's 
railroad & commercial map of the United States 



and Canada. Compiled engraved and published 
by G. W. & C. B. Colton & Co. 1871. New York, 
1871. Scale 1:1,267,200. 6 sheets, each 92X77 cm. 

Detailed map of the United States east of the 
Mississippi river naming railroad lines showing 
cities and towns, railroad stations, state and county 
boundaries. 

Insets: General map of the United States showing 
the railroad routes across the continent. 41X66 
cm. — Map of the railroads of New England on an 
enlarged scale. 64X40 cm. 

LC also has 1870 edition. 

52 
Watson, Gaylord. Watson's new rail-road and 
distance map of the United States and Canada. 
1871. Compiled from the latest official sources. 
New York [1871] cl868. col. Scale ca. 1 : 2,300,000. 
94X120 cm. 

"Special railroad maps to accompany reports 
&c., prepared at short notice, and in best style. 
Address Gaylord Watson, 16 Beckman Street, 
New York." 

Annotated in colored crayons to show "Voyage 
of duck-boat Centennial Republic" and "paper 
canoe Maria Theresa." 

Smithsonian Deposit May 27, 1831. 

Eastern half of the United States showing 
drainage, cities and towns, counties, and the 
railroads with mileage and names of lines. 

Insets: Routes of the Union Pacific Railroads. 
40X9 cm.— Vicinity of New York. 12X12 cm.— 
Vicinity of Philadelphia. 9X16 cm. — Vicinity of 
Boston. 17X13 cm. 

53 
Haasis & Lubrecht. The American Union rail- 
road map of the United States, British possessions. 
West Indies, Mexico and Central America. New 
York, Haasis & Lubrecht, 1872. col. Scale ca. 
1:4,500,000. 94X139 cm. 

Across top of map: "[Panorama] from the 
Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean." 

Colorful general map of the United States 
showing relief by hachures, drainage, counties, 
cities and towns, roads, and the railroad network. 
General information and population of the United 
States appear on each side of map. 

54 
U.S. General Land Office. Map of the United 
States and territories showing the extent of public 
surveys, Indian and military reservations, land 
grant R.R; rail roads, canals, and other details 
Compiled from the official surveys of the General 
Land Office and other authentic sources. [Washing- 
ton?] 1873. col. Scale ca. 1:2,500,000. 6 sheets, 
each 63X69 cm. G3700 1873 .U55 



24 



UNITED STATES 



At lower right corner: "The land surveys of the 
public domain compiled from the official plats of 
the General Land Office by C. Roeser, Chief 
Draughtsman. G.L.O." 

Detailed map of the continental United States 
showing drainage, relief by hachures, state bound- 
aries, cities and towns, canals, land grant railroads, 
completed railroads, railroads in progress of com- 
pletion, and projected lines. Major lines are named 
along their routes. Indian and military reserva- 
tions are shown; land offices and lighthouses are 
also indicated. 

Inset: Territory of Alaska. 

55 
Guernsey, Darius L. The American Union rail- 
road map of the United States, British possessions. 
West Indies, Mexico, and Central America. 
Concord, N.H., D. L. Guernsey, 1874. col. Scale 
ca. 1:4,300,000. 94X139 cm. G3701 .P3 1874 .G8 

Includes text, population information, view 
"From the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean," inset of 
"Central America," and a diagram of "Time and 
distance table between Washington and the 
principal places in North and Central America." 

Detailed map of the continental United States 
and portions of Canada and Mexico indicating 
drainage, relief by hachures, international and 
state boundaries, cities and towns, forts, canals, 
stage roads, railroads, and proposed railroads. 

56 
Watson, Gaylord. Watson's business man's county 
and railroad map of the United States and 
Dominion of Canada. Compiled from latest official 
sources. New York, 1874. Scale ca. 1:2,000,000. 
105X138 cm. 

Detailed map of the eastern half of the United 
States showing relief by hachures, drainage, cities 
and towns, counties, roads, and railroads. Includes 
distances and names of lines. Accompanied by a 
24-page county index. 

Inset: New England. 46X34 cm. 

57 

Watson, Gaylord. Centennial American Republic 
and railroad map of the United States and of the 
Dominion of Canada. Compiled from latest official 
sources. [New York, 1875] col. Scale ca. 
1 : 4,400,000. 98 X 1 29 cm. G3700 1 875 . W3 

Sho\vs drainage, cities and towns, and the rail- 
road network with names of lines. Includes distance 
chart and view of "Main building centennial 
exhibition, Philadelphia, 1876." 

58 

Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Colton's 
new railroad map of the United States & Canada. 



New York, 1876. cl871. col. Scale ca. 17,500,000. 
76X91 cm. 

Shows drainage, cities and towns, and railroads 
distinguished by color. 

Insets: Map of the railroads of New England 
and eastern N. York. cl861 by J. H. Goldthwait. 
24X18 cm. — Map of the great rail road routes 
from the middle Atlantic poTts to the Mississippi 
River. cl861 by J. H. Goldthwait. 22X43 cm.— 
The World on a polar projection. cl861. 20X20 
cm. 

59 
Rand McNally and Company. Rand, McNally & 
Co's new railroad and county map of the United 
States and Canada. Compiled from the latest 
government surveys, and drawn to an accurate 
scale. Chicago, cl876. col. Scale ca. 1:2,027,520. 
4 sheets 76X 129 cm. G3701 .P3 1876 .R34 

"Engraved under the direction of C. H. Waite." 

Very detailed map of the continental United 
States and parts of Canada and Mexico including 
drainage, relief by hachures, international, state 
and county boundaries, cities and towns, canals, 
roads, trails, railroads, and railroads under 
construction. 

Note: "The entire map is printed from electro- 
type plates, sections of which can be used for sjjecial 
railroad maps, publishers premium maps, maps to 
accompany reports, pamphlets, etc., etc., and for 
various advertising purposes. Designs furnished 
upon application." 

This map is very similar in CEirtography, content 
and scale to the maps which make up Rand, 
McNally & Co's Business Atlas containing large scale 
maps of each state and territory of the Great Mississippi 
Valley and Pacific Slope, Accompanied by a New and 
Original Compilation and Ready Reference Index, 
Showing in Detail the Entire Railroad System . . . 
Together with all Post Offices, Railroad Stations and 
Villages. . . (Chicago, 1876-77). 

Insets: Alaska and Washington. 

60 

Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Colton's 
intermediate railroad map of the United States. 
New York, 1882. col. Scale 1:2,217,600. 2 sheets 
75X228 cm. G3701 .P3 1882 .C6 

Detailed map of the continental United States 
and part of Canada indicating drainage, inter- 
national, state and county boundaries, cities and 
towns, railroads, with names along each line. 
Railroads under construction are indicated by 
dashed lines. 

Inset: Mexico. 

61 
Rand McNally and Company. New county and 
railway map of the United States and the Dominion 



UNITED STATES 



25 



of Canada compiled from information obtained 
from official sources showing the lines of the 
Chicago and Alton R.R. and its connections. 
Chicago, 1883. col. Scale ca. 1 :3,500,000. 96X136 
cm. 

Shows relief by hachures, drainage, cities and 
towns, counties, and the railroad network em- 
phasizing the main line. Includes names of lines. 

62 
U.S. Bureau of Statistics (Dept. of Commerce and 
Labor) Map exhibiting the several Pacific rail- 
roads prepared for the report on the internal 
commerce of the United States by the Bureau of 
Statistics. [Chicago] Rand, McNally & Co., 1883. 
col. Scale ca. 1 : 4,500,000. 68 X 107 cm. 

G3701 .P3 1883 .U5 

Shows routes of Canadian Pacific, Northern 
Pacific, Union Pacific, and Central and Southern 
Pacific. 

Detailed map of the continental United States 
indicating drainage, relief by hachures, inter- 
national and state boundaries, cities & towns, 
forts, roads, the railroad network, and the Pacific 
railroads in distinguishing colors. 

63 
Rand McNally and Company. A correct map of 
the United States of America showing the Atchison, 
TopDcka and Santa Fe R.R. and connections. 
Chicago [1888]. col. Scale ca. 1 :8,000,000. 38X70 
cm. 

Map of the United States showing relief by 
hachures, drainage, cities and towns, stations, and 
the railroad network with the main line em- 
phasized. Advertisments at top of map. 

64 
Matthews-Northrup Company. Matthews, 

Northrup & Co's official railroad map of the 
United States, Dominion of Canada and Mexico 
perfected to date from latest authentic sources. 
Buffalo, 1890. col. Scale ca. 1:4,300,000. 82X136 
cm. G3701 .P3 1890 .M3 

Detailed map of the continental United States 
indicating drainage, relief by hachures, inter- 
national, state and county boundaries in the 
western half of the map, cities and towns, canals. 



and the railroad network. Unfinished railroads are 
indicated by dashed lines. 
Inset: Map of Mexico. 

65 
U.S. Army. Quartermaster General. Map of 
land-grant and bond-aided railroads of the 
United States. Washington, 1892. col. Scale ca. 
1:5,000,000. 67X96 cm. 

"Bond-aided roads shown by heavy black lines. 
Fifty per cent land grant roads shown by red lines. 
Free land grant roads shown by green lines. 
Connections shown by light black lines." 

Outline map of the United States showing 
major drainage, cities and towns, and military 
posts. 

66 
Rand, McNally and Company. Official railroad 
map of the United States with portions of the 
dominion of Canada the republic of Mexico and 
the West Indies. Compiled from government 
surveys and official tracings and operating time 
tables of all railroads. 1893. Chicago, Rand 
McNally 1893. Scale 1:2,280,960. 4 parts, each 
76X129 cm. G3701 .P3 1893 .R31 

Very detailed commercial map of the con- 
tinental United States showing drainage, relief by 
hachures, international and state boundaries, 
cities and towns, railroad stations, the entire 
railroad network with names or abbreviations of 
railroad companies along each line. 

67 
Gray, Charles P. Gray's new trunk railway map 
of the United States, Dom. of Canada and portion 
of Mexico. Compiled from latest official sources, 
showing carefully selected list of cities & towns in 
readable type for quick reference. New York, 
cl898. col. Scale 1:3,168,000. 4 sheets, each 
61 X87 cm. G3701 .P3 1898 .G7 

Map of the continental United States and parts 
of Canada and Mexico showing drainage, some 
hachures to indicate major topography in the West, 
major cities and towns; names or abbreviations for 
railroad companies appear along each line. The 
map is printed in colors to distinguish major rail- 
road connections. 



26 



An example of a decorative railroad map of 1856 litho- 
graphed by Edward Ensign. (Entry 85) 





Regions 



Eastern United States 



68 



Lucas, Fielding, Jr. The tourist's guide through 
the states of Maryland, Delaware and part of 
Pennsylvania & Virginia with the routes to their 
springs. &c. Engraved by J. Yeager, Philadelphia. 
Baltimore, F. Lucas Jr., 1836. Scale ca. 
1:1,100,000. 35X50 cm. 

General map showing drainage, relief by 
hachures, place names, roads, canals, and rail- 
roads. Road distances between towns are given at 
right top and left side of map. 

69 
McClellan, John. Map exhibiting the route of 
communication between Philadelphia & Charles- 
ton. Compiled and drawn by J. M'Clellan. 1837. 
Scale 1:1,520,640. 36X51 cm. 

Three rail and canal route distances are iahu- 
lated and one steamboat route. The legend in- 
dicates "Rail Road route," "Canal route," and 
"Steamboat route." 

Shows coastal area between Philadelphia, Pa., 
and Charleston, S.C., indicating larger cities and 



70 
Burr, David H. Map of Virginia, Maryland and 
Delaware exhibiting the post offices, post roads, 
canals, rail roads &c. By David H. Burr. (Late 
topographer to the Post Office.) Geographer to the 
House of Representatives of the U.S. [London, 
J. Arrowsmith, 1839] col. Scale ca 1:650,000. 
91X124 cm. 

From his The American Atlas (London, J. Arrow- 
smith, 1839). 

Detailed map showing relief by hachures, 
drainage, township and county boundaries, cities 
and towns, canals, roads and railroads. 



27 



28 



REGIONS 



71 
Roberts, W. F. Map of the canals and rail roads 
connecting the Broad Top Coal Region with the 
Adantic. [184-] Philadelphia, A. Kollner, [184-] 
Scale ca. 1:660,000. 46X74 cm. 

Map of parts of Pennsylvania, New Jersey, 
Maryland, and Delaware indicating major drain- 
age, relief by hachures, boundaries, cities, and 
towns. A table of distances appears at left of map. 

72 
Sheaff, J. A. Map of the projected railway from 
Harrisburg to Pittsburg [sic] With proposed 
extensions to Cleveland, Cincinnati and St. Louis, 
in connexion [sic] with the public works of Penn- 
sylvania, Ohio, Indiana and Illinois. Projected by 
E. F. Gay, C. E. Drawn by J. A. Sheaff, Asst. 
C.E. Philadelphia, J. T. Bowen [1840?] col. Scale 
ca. 1:2,200,000. 41X104 cm. 

Shows table of distances and maximum grades. 

Outline map showing major drainage, some 
relief by hachures, state boundaries, canals, and 
important place names. Finished and proposed 
railroads are indicated. 

73 

Price, John. Map showing the most direct 
commercial route from the Atlantic via L. Ontario, 
to the province of Upper Canada, the north 
western states & territories, and to the Mississippi. 
New York, T. & C. Woods, Lith. [1836-41]. 
Scale ca. 1 : 3,000,000. 30X60 cm. 

Shows area from Washington, D.C., north to 
above Lake Huron and from Cape Cod to the 
Mississippi River. 

74 
Latrobe, Benjamin H. Map, exhibiting the rail- 
way route between Baltimore & St. Louis, together 
with the other principal lines in the eastern, middle 
& western states. Prepared under the direction of 
B. H. Latrobe, Ch. Engr. B. & O. R.R. A. Hoen 
[1843]. Scale 1:2,471,040. 38X76 cm. 

Map covers area from Portland, Maine, to 
Norfolk, Va., and west to the Mississippi River. 

75 

Doggett, John, Jr. Railroads in New Jersey, 
Pennsylvania, Delaware and Maryland. Drawn 
and engraved for Doggett's Railroad Guide & 
Gazetteer. Entered according to Act of Congress, 
in the year 1848. Scale ca. 1 : 3,000,000. 15X23 cm. 

From Doggett's Railroad Guide, New York, 
(1848), p. 56. 

76 
Kollner, Augustus. Map of the railroads & canals 
connecting the coal estate of the Broad Mountain 



Improvement Co. with the Atlantic &c. Philadel- 
phia, A. Kollner's Lith. [185-]. Scale ca. 1 : 650,000. 
47X71 cm. 

Outline map indicating the railroad network in 
central Pennsylvania, parts of Maryland, Dela- 
ware, and New Jersey. 



77 
Kollner, Augustus. Pennsylvania's great highway 
and its tributary lines. Philadelphia, [185-]. col. 
Scale ca. 1:1,575,000. 73X119 cm. 

Map of the northeastern United States showing 
drainage, some relief by hachures, cities and towns, 
the Sunbury and Erie Railroad, and connecting 
lines. 



78 
Sketch illustrating the positions of the commercial 
cities and towns of the Eastern, Middle and 
Western States with the principal existing and 
proposed lines of communication, [n.p., 1850?]. 
Scale 1:3,706,560. 25X47 cm. 

Shows the United States between Maine and 
Virginia, west to the Mississippi River. Indicates 
railroads and canals. 



79 
Chesbrough, E. S. Skeleton map of rail-roads 
between Cape Canso and St. Louis, compiled 
under the direction of the committee appointed by 
the City Council of Boston for celebrating the 
opening of railway communication between the 
waters of the Atlantic at Boston, the Canadas and 
the Great West. By E. S. Chesbrough, City 
Engineer. Boston, Tappan & Bradford's Lith., 
1851. Scale ca. 1:3,375,000. 60X81 cm. 

G3701 .P3 1851 .B6 

Shows raUroads in operation, under construction 
and proposed in the northeastern United States 
and part of Canada. 

Insets: Map of rail roads in Massachusetts. 
24X48 cm. — Boston harbor & rail road termini . . . 
30X34 cm. 



80 
Ellet, Charles. Jr. Map of the western railroads 
tributary to Philadelphia, with their rival lines. 
Prepared under the direction of Charles Ellet Jr., 
Civil Engineer. Philadelphia by W[ellington] 
Williams, Map Engraver, 1851. Scale ca. 
1:2,200,000. 40X80 cm. 

Covers area from Jefferson City, Mo., to New 
Haven, Conn., and from Oswego, N.Y., to Blakely, 
N.C. Shows "Roads tributary to Philadelphia" and 
"Roads tributary to New York and Baltimore." 



Eastern United States 



29 



A typical mid-19lh-century, commercially produced regional 
map by the distinguished civil engineer Charles Ellet, 
who designed and built suspension bridges and advocated 
flood control of western rivers. He also built the 
Virginia Central Railroad track across the Blue Ridge 
Mountains. {Entry 80) 




81 
Vaisz, W. Map of the proposed line of Rail Road 
connection between tide water Virginia and the 
Ohio River at Guyandotte, Parkersburg and 
Wheeling, made by W. Vaisz, Top. Eng. for the 
Board of Public Works of Virginia. Philadelphia, 
P. S. Duval & Go's Steam Lith. Press. 1852. Scale 
ca. 1:625,000. 46X70 cm. 

Manuscript annotations added in pencil and 
colored inks to indicate "Railroads tending to 
Richmond, Norfolk, Alexandria and Baltimore," 
and the "proposed extension of the Manassas Gap 
Railroad west . . . Sep. 1852." 



82 
Vaughan, David. Map of the various channels for 
conveying the trade of the north west to the Atlantic 
sea-board exhibiting the tributaries & drainage of 
the trade into each and the effect of the enlarge- 
ment of the Erie Canal, illustrating the position 
taken by William J. McAlpine. C.E. in his Annual 
Report as State Engineer and Surveyor of the 
State of New York. 1853. Lith of J. E. Gavit 
Exchange. Albany, 1853. Scale 1:3,800,000. 
52X66 cm. 

From J\few Tork State Engineer & Surveyor on the 



Canals. Annual Report . . . Transmitted . . . Feb. 9, 
1854. 

Outline map of the eastern half of the United 
States showing canals, finished railroads, railroads 
in progress of construction and proposed lines. 
Trade areas are indicated by line symbols and 
added brown and red color. 

83 
Veeder, N. Map showing the principal rail road 
in the middle & adjoining states, in operation & in 
progress. Pittsburgh, Pa., N. Veeder & W. 
Schuchman. 1854. col. Scale ca. 1:1,850,000. 
46X82 cm. 

Map of the north-central and middle Atlantic 
states showing cities, the railroad network, and 
the coal region boundaries. 

84 
Duval (P. S.) & Co. View of the lake & north 
west-connections with Philadelphia, P. S. Duval & 
Go's Lith. [1856?]. Scale ca. 1:2,400,000. 58X94 
cm. 

Indicates railroads in the Great Lakes region, 
south to the Ohio River, and from New York State 
to the Mississippi River. Shows proposed railroads 
as far west as the Missouri River. 



30 



REGIONS 



85 
Ensign, Bridgman & Fanning. Ensign, Bridgman 
& Fanning's rail road map of the Eastern States. 
New York, 1856. Scale ca. 1:3,000,000. 44X64 
cm. 

Map of New England, part of eastern Canada, 
New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware, 
most of Maryland, and part of Virginia. Shows 
drainage, some relief by hachures, place names, 
and state boundaries. 

"Names of rail roads which are designated by 
numbers on the annexed 'Plan of the New England 
States' " appear at the right of the map. 

Insets: Plan of the New England States, on an 
enlarged scale. 37X23 cm. — Niagara Falls — 
Canada side. 8X12 cm. 



86 
Lorenz, W. Map of the canals and railroads for 
transporting anthracite coal from the several coal 
fields to the city of New York. Drawn under the 
direction of J. Dutton Steele C.E. by W. Lorenz, 
Asst. Eng. 1856. Lith. on one stone and printed in 
colors by Hunckel & Son. Baltimore, 1856. col. 
Scale ca. 1 :325,000. 82X104 cm. 

Detailed map of eastern Pennsylvania and parts 
of New York and New Jersey showing drainage, 
relief by hachures, state and county boundaries, 
cities, towns, and coal fields. 



87 
Perris, William. Rail road route from Boston, 
Massachusetts to Chicago, Illinois. [New York] 
Lang & Laing, 1859. Scale ca. 1:6,300,000. 
27X34 cm. 

At top of map: "Weights, measures and moneys 
of commercial nations." 

At top center of map: [Advertisment of the 
Home Insurance Company, New York]. 

Mileage table indicating five railroads is at lower 
right of map. 

Outline map of a strip between Boston and 
Chicago showing one schematic rail line \vith 
many railroad stations named along the line. 



88 
Sage (J) & Sons. J. Sage & Sons new & reliable 
rail road map, travellers edition. Eastern. Buffalo, 
N.Y., 1859. col. Scale ca. 1:2,250,000. 42X58 cm. 

Map of the northeastern United States indicating 
stations along the completed railroad lines. 

On the verso of map are lists of distances be- 
tween stations for the individual railroad lines. 

Inset: Eastern Massachusetts and part of N. 
Hampshire, Rhode Island & Connecticut. On an 
enlarged scale. 15X16 cm. 



89 
Colton, George Woolworth. New York, New 
Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Ohio 
and Canada, with parts of adjoining states. New 
York, 1860. col. Scale 1:1,267,200. 68X90 cm. 

At head of title: "G. Woolworth Colton's series 
of railroad maps. No. 3." 

"Printed for the History of the Railroads of the 
United States by H. V. Poor." 

Shows state, county, and township boundaries 
and indicates mileage between stations. 

Insets: [Vicinity of Philadelphia] 12X14 cm. — 
[Vicinity of New York] 21 X 13 cm. 

90 
Barrington, W. New railway guide containing all 
the rail roads in Pennsylvania & N. Jersey with 
portions of New York, Ohio, Maryland & Virginia. 
Philadelphia, Thos. S. Wagner's Lith., 1863. col. 
Scale ca. 1 : 800,000. 67X82 cm. 

Map of the northeastern United States showing 
relief by hachures, drainage, oil region, cities and 
towns, distances between stations, and county 
names and boundaries in red. 

Signed in ink at right margin: Jacob M. Duncan. 

91 
Colton, George Woolworth. New railroad map of 
the middle states including New York, New 
Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Ohio 
and Canada, drawn, engraved & published by G. 
Woolworth Colton, New York, 1865. cl862. Scale 
1:1,267,200. 72X95 cm. 

At head of title: "G. Woolworth Colton's series 
of railroad maps, no. 3." 

Shows state, county, and township boundaries 
and indicates mileage between stations. 

Insets: [Vicinity of Philadelphia] 10X14 cm. — 
[Vicinity of New York] 18 X 12 cm. 

LC also has 1863 edition. 

92 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Rail- 
road & express map of the middle states. Engraved 
printed & published by G. W. & C. B. Colton & 
Co. for Rufus Blanchard, Chicago 111. 1867. col. 
Scale 1:1,267,200. 63X96 cm. 

Shows drainage, cities and towns, express lines 
and offices, and the major railroads. 

93 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map of 
the proposed railroad trust companies of Massa- 
chusetts and their connections. New York, 1870. 
col. Scale 1 : 1,267,200. 63X90 cm. 

Map of northeastern United States showing 
drainage, cities and towns, mineral deposits, and 



New England 



31 



the railroad network with color coding for Massa- 
chusetts trust lines. 



94 
Barrington, W. New railway map and guide of 
New York, Pennsylvania and New Jersey with 
parts of adjoining states and Canada. 1881. 
Philadelphia, Smith & Stroup, 1881. col. Scale ca. 
1 :675,00O. 4 sheets, each 63X56 cm. 

Map of the northeastern United States showing 
relief by hachures, drainage, cities and towns, and 
county boundaries. Indicates names of railroad 
lines. 



95 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Coltons 
railroad map of part of the United States north of 
the 37th parallel embracing the country between 
the Atlantic Ocean and the 96th Meridian of 
longitude. New York, 1883. col. Scale not given. 
2 sheets, each 72X96 cm. 

Detailed map of the northeastern United States 
showing drainage, cities and towns, and the rail- 
road network. 



96 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the location of the Flat-Top Coal Field 
and present and proposed railroads. Philadelphia, 
J. L. Smith Map Publisher, 1889. Scale 
1:2,217,600. 60X84 cm. 

Detailed map of the northeastern United States 
showing drainage, cities and towns, counties, and 
the railroad network. 

New England 

97 
Young, James H. Map of Massachusetts, 
Connecticut and Rhode Island. Constructed from 
the latest authorities. Philadelphia, S. Augustus 
Mitchell, 1831. col. Scale ca. 1:675,000. 43X55 
cm. 

One of the earliest county and township maps to 
show proposed railroads in New England. Indicates 
rail line between Schenectady and Albany, N.Y. 



From his The American Atlas (London, J. Arrow- 
smith, 1839). 

Detailed map showing relief by hachures, 
drainage, township and county boundaries, cities 
and towns, canals, roads, and railroads. 

99 
Buflford (J. H.) & Company. Map showing the 
proposed rail roads from Boston to Burlington, 
from Hale's map of New England. Boston, [1844]. 
Scale ca. 1 : 625,000. 61 X 51 cm. 

Outline map of eastern New York, Vermont, 
New Hampshire, and northern Massachusetts 
showing four proposed railroad routes. A list of 
distances apf)ears below the title. 

100 
[Kennedy, A.] Sketch of the states of Massa- 
chusetts, Connecticut, and Rhode Island, and 
parts of New Hampshire & New York exhibiting 
the several rail road routes. Completed, con- 
structing, chartered & contemplated. Published by 
order of the Legislature of Massachusetts. 1846. 
Boston, Morse & Tuttle. 1846. Scale ca. 1 : 700,000. 
46X52 cm. 

General map showing drainage, cities, towns, 
state and county boundaries. 

101 
Hitchcock, D. C. Map of railways in New 
England and part of New York engraved by D. C. 
Hitchcock for the Pathfinder Railway Guide. 
Boston, Snow & Wilder, [1847]. Scale ca. 
1:2,700,000. 9X7 in. 23X18 cm. 

At top of map: "See paragraph headed Our 
Railway Map." 

On the verso: City of Boston. 18X14 cm. 

102 
Goldthwait, J. H. Railroad map of New England 
& eastern New York compiled from the most 
authentic sources. Boston, Reading & Co.; New 
York, Clark, Austin & Co., 1849. col. Scale ca. 
1:700,000. 60X50 cm. 

Shows county and township boundaries, and 
"Railroads completed, located and in progress." 

Inset: Boston & vicinity showing the Grand 
Junction R.R. 7X7 cm. 



98 
Burr, David H. Map of Maine, New Hampshire, 
Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and 
Connecticut exhibiting the p)ost offices, post roads, 
canals, rail roads, &c. By David H. Burr. (Late 
topographer to the Post Office.) Geographer to the 
House of Representatives of the U.S. [London, 
John Arrowsmith, 1839] col. Scale ca. 1:320,000. 
124X91 cm. 



103 
Hale, Nathan. A map of the New England states. 
Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, 
Rhode Island & Connecticut with the adjacent 
parts of New York & Lower Canada. Compiled 
and published by Nathan Hale, Boston 1826. 
Engraved by J. V. N. Throop. Revised edition. 
Corrected by the addition of the railroads, new 
towns, & other public improvements, to March 



32 



REGIONS 



1849. Scale ca. 1 : 525,000. 1 12X95 cm. 

Detailed county and township map indicating 
drainage, relief by hachures, cities and towns, 
roads, railroads, and railroad stations. 

Inset: Northern & eastern part of Maine and 
part of Lower Canada and New Brunswick. With 
corrections in 1849. 38X30 cm. 

LC also has 1853 edition. 



107 
Colton, George Woolworth. Colton's railroad & 
township map of New England with portions of the 
state of New York, the British provinces &c. New 
York, J. H. Colton, 1852. Scale 1:570,240. 2 
parts, 137X76 and 69X76 cm. 

LC copy imperfect. Lower right quarter of map 
missing. 

LC also has editions of 1853 and 1854. 



104 

Snow, George K. Map of railways in New 
England and part of New York. Engraved by E. A. 
Teulon, expressly to accompany the Pathfinder 
Railway Guide. Published by George K. Snow & 
Co., Boston, 1849. Scale ca. 1:2,500,000. 23X18 
cm. 

Shows railroads in operation and some proposed 
lines. Indicates state boundaries, cities and towns, 
and main drainage. 



108 
Colton, Joseph Hutchins. Colton's railroad & 
township map of Massachusetts, Rhode Island and 
Connecticut. Printed by D. McLellan. New York, 
1853. col. Scale ca. 1:550,000. 61X71 cm. 

G3721 .P3 1853 .C6 

Detailed map indicating drainage, relief by 
hachures, county and township boundaries, roads, 
and finished and proposed railroads. 



105 

Morton, A. C. Map of the Europ)ean and North 
American Railway, showing its connection with 
the railways of the United States & Canada. Made 
by direction of His Excellency John Hubbard, 
Governor of Maine under the resolve of Aug. 20th 
1850. Bowen & Co. lith., Philada. Scale 1: 
1,625,000. 66X76 cm. 

From 39th Congress, 1st session. House miss. 
[sic] doc. no. 13. 

Shows New England, eastern New York, and 
the Maritime Provinces. Gives completed, in 
progress, and proposed railroads. Indicates drain- 
age, state boundaries, and larger cities. 

Slightly different edition, engraved by B. W. 
Thayer & Co., Boston, accompanies Morton's 
"Report on the Survey of the European and North 
American Railway ... in Documents in Relation to 
the European and North American Railway Com- 
pany . . . (Portland, Harmon and Williams, 1851). 

Inset: Map showing the plan for shortening the 
transit between New York & London. 12X42 cm. 



106 

Smith, John Calvin. Sherman & Smith's rail- 
road, steam boat & stage route map of New 
England, New-York and Canada. New York, 
Sherman & Smith, 1850. col. Scale ca. 
56X69 cm. 

Detailed township and county map showing 
place names and some indication of drainage and 
relief. 

Insets: 15 miles around Boston. 13X30 cm. — 15 
miles around New York. 14X14 cm. 



109 
Williams, Alexander. Telegraph and Rail Road 
map of the New England States. Boston, Redding 
& Co., 1854. col. Scale ca. 1:775,000. 78X82 cm. 

Inset: Map of Boston showing the entrance of 
the Rail Roads. Circle, diameter 22 cm. 
LC also has 1855 edition. 



110 
Andrews, Charles D. Railroad map, showing the 
fact that about 65 miles of railroad to be con- 
structed would form one of the principal railroad 
connections on this continent. Boston [1856?]. 
Scale ca. 1 : 1,450,000. 47X36 cm. 

G3721 .P3 1856 .A5 

Outline map covering New England states and 
showing the major rail connections with Montreal 
and Quebec, Canada. Below tide the map includes 
a list of distances for individual railroad companies. 



Ill 
Colton, George Woolworth. Maine, New 
Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode 
Island, Connecticut and Lower Canada. 1860. 
New York, 1860. col. Scale ca. 1:900,000. 90X70 
cm. 

At head of title: "G. Woolworth Colton's series 
of railroad maps. No. 2." 

"Printed for the History of the Railroads of the 
United States by H. V. Poor." 

Shows state, county, and township boundaries 
and indicates mileage between stations. 

Inset: The eastern portion of Massachusetts on 
an enlarged scale. 28X26 cm. 

LC also has 1861 edition. 



Central United States 



33 



112 
Colton, George Woolworth. G. Woolworth 
Colton's railroad, township & distance map of 
New England with adjacent portions of New York, 
Canada & New Brunswick. 1861. New York, 1861. 
col. Scale 1:900,000. 97X70 cm. 

Shows state, county, and township boundaries 
and indicates mileage between stations. A table of 
distances appears above the inset. 

Inset: The eastern portion of Massachusetts on 
an enlarged scale. 28X23 cm. 

LC also has 1875 and 1884 editions. 



113 
Walker (Geo. H.) & Co. Electric railway map of 
eastern New England. Boston, 1898. col. Scale ca. 
1:200,000. 88X59 cm. 

Outline map showing townships, cities and 
towns, railroads in blue, electric railroads in red. 
Includes names of lines and junction points. 

Central United States 

114 
Smith, John Calvin. Guide through Ohio, 
Michigan, Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, Wisconsin 
& Iowa. Showing the township lines of the United 
States surveys, location of cities. Towns. Villages. 
Post Hamlets. Canals. Rail and stage roads. By 
J. Calvin Smith. Engraved by S. Stiles, Sherman 
& Smith. Entered according to Act of Congress in 
the year 1840. New York, J. H. Colton, 1844. 
Scale ca. 1 :2,250,000. 50X63 cm. 

Detailed township map of the midwestern 
states showing drainage, cities and towns, canals, 
roads, and railroads. 

LC also has 1864 edition, by J. H. Colton. 

115 
Mendel, Edward. Map showing the position of 
Chicago in connection with the North West & the 
principal lines of rail roads, canals, navigable 
streams and lakes, together with the most impor- 
tant towns, and their distances from Chicago. 
Chicago, Ed. Mendel. [185-]. col. Scale ca. 
2,800,000. 43X64 cm. 

Map of the north-central United States, east of 
the Mississippi River, showing the railroad net- 
work. 

Inset: Illinois geological survey. Diagram of the 
state of Illinois. 20X 12 cm. 



116 
[Jervis, John B.] Map of the northwestern 
states. Shewing what proportion lies north of the 
parallel of South Bend of Lake Michigan. It will 
be seen at a glance, that the unbroken line of 



communication with the Atlantic seaboard, and 
the only winter route for northern Indiana, 
northern Illinois, Michigan, Iowa, Wisconsin, and 
Minnesota, will Ije by the Michigan Southern 
Railway, and south shore of Lake Erie. New York, 
Wm. Endicott [1850]. Scale ca. 1:2,700,000. 
38X53 cm. 

Outline map of the north-central United States 
showing the canals and the railroad network and 
naming the Michigan Central and the Michigan 
Southern Railway. John B. Jervis was chief 
engineer on the Mohawk & Hudson Railroad in 
1831. 

117 
[Cash, D. S.] Proposed route for a rail road from 
Copper Harbor, to Fond Du Lac, Winnebego. 
Lith. of J. Beadie, Clevd. O., 1853. Scale ca. 
1:4,000,000. 18X25 cm. 

From Proceedings and Report of a Meeting held at 
Ontonagon, November 15, 1853, in Reference to a Rail 
Road from Lake Winnebago to Lake Superior. A. C. 
Davis, Secretary, D. S. Cash, Chairman. 

Outline map centered on Green Bay showing the 
area between Detroit, Mich, and Fond du Lac, 
Wis. 

Contemplated and proposed railroad routes are 
shown. 



118 
Cooke (D. B.) & Company. D. B. Cooke & Go's 
great western railway guide exhibiting all stations 
with distances from each other. Chicago, 1855. 
Middleton, Wallace & Co. Lithrs. Gin. O. Scale 
ca. 1:1,250,000. 74X102 cm. G4071 .P3 1855 .C6 

At left of map: "D. B. Cooke & Co. Publishers 
Wholesale Dealers in Books & Stationary and 
Pocket Maps. Chicago." 

Outline map of the north-central states showing 
the railroad network in operation and in progress 
of construction. 

LC also has 1856 edition. (G4071 .P3 1856 .C6). 



119 
Endicott & Company. A map showing the route 
of the proposed rail road from the Copper and 
Iron Mining District of Lake Superior to connect 
with rail roads built or being constructed in the 
state of Wisconsin as adopted by the citizens of 
Ontonagon and Marquette counties Mich, at 
public meetings held in November and December 
1855. (Subject to such changes of location of the 
road as a general survey of the line shall prove to 
be desirable.) [New York, 1855]. Scale not given. 
61X40 cm. 

At left of map: "Facts and Figures." 

Outline map of eastern Wisconsin, and parts of 



34 



REGIONS 



Illinois and Michigan, showing major drainage, 
township lines, large cities, and the railroads. 

120 
Bradford, (L. H.) & Company. Railway map 
showing the connections between Muscatine, Iowa 
and the eastern cities. [Boston, 1857]. Scale ca. 
1:8,000,000. 23X19 cm. 

Map of the north-central United States showing 
the railroad network. Includes a historical descrip- 
tion of Muscatine, Iowa. The map appears on the 
verso of letter stationery date lined "Muscatine, 
Iowa, 185 ." 

121 
Colton, George Woolworth. Indiana, Illinois, 
Missouri & Iowa. With parts of adjoining states. 
Published by G. Woolworth Colton, Agent, New 
York. Rufus Blanchard, Chicago, Illinois, 1858. 
col. Scale 1 : 1,267,200. 68X92 cm. 

G4071 .P3 1858 .C6 

At head of title: "G. Woolworth Colton's series 
of railroad maps. No. 4." 

Shows state, county, and township boundaries 
and indicates mileage between stations. 

LC also has 1854 edition. 

122 
Chapman, Silas. Rail road map of Ohio, Indiana, 
Michigan, Illinois, Missouri, Minnesota & W'is- 
consin. Entered according to act of congress in the 
year 1859. Milwaukee, S. Chapman. 1859. Scale 
ca. 1 : 1,450,000. 54X64 cm. G4061 .P3 1859 .C5 

Outline map showing the railroad network and 
stations along the rail lines. 

123 
Colton, George Woolworth. Colton's county & 
township rail road map of Ohio, Indiana, & 
Michigan, with parts of adjoining states & Canada. 
Printed by Lang & Laing, 1859. New York, Thayer 
& Colton; Chicago, Rufus Blanchard, 1860. col. 
Scale 1:1,267,200. 79X66 cm. 

Detailed township and county map of the mid- 
western states showing drainage, cities and towns, 
and the railroad network. 

LC also has "New edition with steamboat 
landings," dated 1870. 

124 
Johnson & Browning. Johnson's new railroad 
and township copper-plate map of Illinois, Iowa, 
& Missouri. From the latest and best authorities. — 
1859. Entered according to Act of Congress in the 
year 1857. New York, 1859. col. Scale ca. 
1:1,750,000. 78X66 cm. 

Detailed general map which includes drainage. 



place names, roads, railroad, counties, and town- 
ships. 

125 

Sage, (J.) & Sons. New & reliable rail road map, 
travellers edition. Western. Buffalo, 1859. col. 
Scale ca. 1 : 2,400,000. 44X59 cm. 

Outline map of the north-central United States 
showing the railroad network. Mileage information 
between stations by states and by railroad com- 
panies on the verso. 

126 
Mendenhall, Edward. Traveling map of the 
western states, exhibiting the counties, towns and 
villages, the rail ways, rivers, canals, and lakes and 
towns & stations on them. Engraved by Jos. 
Beutler. Entered according to Act of Congress in 
the year 1863. Cincinnati, E. Mendenhall, 1864. 
col. Scale ca. 1 : 2,500,000. 59X76 cm. 

Detailed map of the north-central states be- 
tween Ohio and Nebraska. 

127 
U.S. General Land Office. Map of Kansas and 
Nebraska. Philadelphia, Bowen & Co. Lith. 
[1865]. col. Scale 1:1,140,480. 59X73 cm. 

Township map showing drainage, cities and 
towns, location of the land grant railroads and 
indicating the 10-, 20-, & 25-mile limits of grants. 
Shows land offices and the Surveyor General's 
office. 

128 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Trade 
map of the north western states showing the 
counties, towns and rail roads. Etc. Prepared by 
G. W. & C. B. Colton & Co. New York, and Rufus 
Blanchard, Chicago 111., 1870. Scale 1:1,267,200. 
106X139 cm. 

Detailed map of the north-central states showing 
drainage, cities and towns, townships, counties, 
and the railroad network. 

129 
Lloyd (H. H.) & Company. Railroad and post 
office map of Minnesota and Wisconsin. New 
York, 1871. col. Scale ca 1:1,300,000. 90X66 cm. 

Township and county map showing drainage, 
cities and towns, and the named railroad network. 

130 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Colton's 
railroad and express map of the northwestern 
states showing counties, towns, railroads, station, 
distances etc. New York, 1872. col. Scale 
1:1,267,200. 98X72 cm. 



Southern United States 



35 



North-central states. Shows drainage, cities and 
towns, townships, counties, stations, and the rail- 
road network with distances. 

131 
Colton (G. VV. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the railroad and highway bridge over the 
Missouri River at St. Joseph Mo. and the railroads 
connecting therewith. New York, 1872. col. Scale 
1:1,267,200. 40X82 cm. 

Detailed map of the midwestern states showing 
drainage, cities and towns, and the railroad 
network. 

132 
Watson, Gay lord. New county and rail road map 
of the western states and valley of the Mississippi. 
Published at Watson's Chicago Branch. Chicago, 
1874. Scale ca. 1 : 2,400,000. 105X88 cm. 

Map of the central United States showing in 
detail relief by hachures, drainage, cities and towns, 
county boundaries, and the railroad network with 
named lines. 

133 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Rail- 
road map showing the lands of the Standard Coal 
and Iron Co. situated in the Hocking Valley, Ohio, 
and their relation to the markets of the north and 
west. New York, 1881. col. Scale 1:1,267,200. 
69X94 cm. 

Detailed map of the north-central and Great 
Lakes region showing drainage, cities and towns, 
township and county boundaries, coal fields, 
names of railroads, and the railroad network. 

Southern United States 

134 
Burr, David H. Map of Mississippi, Louisiana & 
Arkansas exhibiting the post offices, the post 
roads, canals, rail roads, &c. By David H. Burr. 
(Late topographer to the Post Office.) Geographer 
to the House of Representatives of the U.S. 
[London, John Arrowsmith, 1839] col. Scale ca. 
1 : 650,000. 124X91 cm. 

From his The American Atlas (London, J. Arrow- 
smith, 1839). 

Detailed map showing rel'ef by hachures, 
drainage, township and county boundaries, cities 
and towns, canals, roads, and railroads. 

135 
Wells, J. Map of the southern part of the United 
States, designed to accompany Appletons' R.R. 
Guide. [New York, 1856]. Scale 1:3,500,000. 
18X35 cm. 



Outline map of the southern states showing the 
railroad network. 

136 
Johnson & Browning. Johnson's new railroad & 
county copp)er plate map of the southern states 
from the latest and best information. 1860. cl859. 
col. Scale ca. 1:2,900,000. 66X84 cm. 

Detailed map showing drainage, state and 
county boundaries, place names, steamboat routes, 
and railroad network. Inset views of the Smith- 
sonian Institution, Mount Vernon, Patent Office, 
and the General Post Office appear in the corners, 
and the Treasury Department is at right center of 
the map. 

137 
Hall, Edward S. Lloyd's new military map of the 
border & southern states. Drawn by Edward S. 
Hall. New York, H. H. Lloyd & Co. 1861. col. 
Scale ca. 1 : 1,850,000. 78 X 106 cm. 

At top of map: "H. H. Lloyd & Go's, new military 
map of the southern and border states." 

The map indicates drainage, relief by hachures, 
state boundaries, place names, canals, and the 
railroad network. Railroad names appear along 
the lines. 

Inset: [Map of southern Florida] 16X10 cm. 

138 
Lloyd, James T. Lloyd's map of the southern 
states showing all the railroads, their stations & 
distances, also the counties, towns, villages, harbors, 
rivers, and forts. New York, 1861. col. Scale ca. 
1:2,000,000. 97X145 cm. (Millard Fillmore map 
coll.) 

Signed in ms: "Millard Fillmore 1862." 
Listed in R. W. Stephenson's Civil War Maps 
(Washington, Govt, print off., 1961), no. 29. 

139 
Lloyd, James T. Lloyd's map of the lower 
Mississippi River from St. Louis to the Gulf of 
Mexico. Compiled from Government surveys in 
the Topographical Bureau, Washington, D.C. 
Revised and corrected to the present time, by 
Captains Bart, and William Bowen, pilots of 
twenty years' experience on that river. New York, 
1862. col. Scale 1:316,800. 5 sheets, each 94X26 
cm. (Millard Fillmore map coll.) 

Signed in ms: "Millard Fillmore, March 9, 
1863." 

"Exhibiting the sugar and cotton plantations, 
cities, towns, landings, sand bars, islands, bluffs, 
bayous, cut-offs, the steamboat channel, mileage, 
fortifications, railroads, &c. along the river." 

Listed in R. W. Stephenson's Civil War Maps 
(Washington, Govt, print, off., 1961), 28. Another 



36 



REGIONS 



edition. 4 sheets, each 48X66 cm. dated 1863. 
Stephenson no. 41. 

140 
U.S. Coast Survey. Southern Mississippi and 
Alabama showing the approaches to Mobile. U.S. 
Coast Survey Office, A.D. Bache Supt. 1863. 
[Washington] Edw. Molitor Lith. [1863]. col. 
Scale 1 : 650,000. 61X61 cm. 

Map includes part of v^^est Florida and shows 
drainage, place names, roads, and railroads. 

141 
Mendenhali, Edward. Railway and county map 
of the southern states embracing the states of N. 
Carolina, S. Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Florida, 
Mississippi, Louisiana, Arkansas and Tennessee 
exhibiting all the towns, villages, stations, & 
landings; the rivers, railways, common roads, canals 
throughout these states. Engraved by Jos. Beutler. 
Entered according to Act of Congress in the year 
1863. Cincinnati, E. Mendenhali, 1864. col. Scale 
ca. 1:2,000,000. 46X81 cm. G3861 .P3 1864 .M4 

Map of southern United States showing drain- 
age, county boundaries, cities and towns, canals, 
roads, and the railroad network. 

142 
Philadelphia Board of Trade. Committee on 
Inland Transportation. Hazard's rail road & 
military map of the southern states. Prepared by 
the Committee on Inland Transportation of the 
Board of Trade of Philadelphia. From the latest 
accessible authorities. The coast accurately drawn 
from the U.S. coast surveys and adopted by the 
War Department as the official map for govern- 
ment use. Drawn & engraved by P. S. Duval & 
Son, Lithrs., Philada. Philadelphia, Willis P. 
Hazard, 1863. col. Scale ca. 1 : 1,880,000. 77X129 
cm. 

Map Division's copy is partially mutilated; 
three corners are missing. 

Shows location and date of engagements, forts, 
railroads, state and county boundaries, roads, 
towns, and rivers. Map Division copy has been 
annotated in color to indicate "gauges of southern 
rail roads." The additions were "compiled under 
direction of Lieut. Col. J. N. Macomb, A.D.C., 
Chief Top. Engr." and "corrected to date Feby. 
9th 1864." 

Listed in R. W. Stephenson's Civil War Maps 
(Washington, Govt, print, off., 1961), no. 44. 

143 
Bien, Julius. Map of United States military rail 
roads, showing the rail roads operated during the 
war from 1862-1866, as military lines, under the 
direction of Bvt. Brig. Gen D. C. McCallum, 



Director and General Manager. Lith of J. Bien, 
N.Y. 1866. col. Scale ca. 1:1,875,000. 64X97 cm. 

Map of the Southeast showing towns, forts, 
rivers, and state boundaries. Railroad gauge 
indicated by color. 

Listed in R. W. Stephenson's Civil War Maps 
(Washington, Govt, print, off., 1961), no. 56. 

144 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Coltons 
railroad map of part of the United States south of 
the 37th parallel embracing the country between 
the Atlantic Ocean and the 96th meridian of 
longitude. New York, 1883. col. Scale not given. 
2 sheets, each 72X92 cm. 

Detailed map of the southern United States 
showing drainage, cities and towns, and the 
railroad network. 



145 
Richardson, Alfred M. Map of the Southern 
Express Company. Compiled by A. M. Richardson. 
Charleston, S.C, Walker, Evans, & Cogswell, 
C1884. Scale ca. 1 : 2,000,000. 61 X85 cm. 

G3861 .P3S6 1884 .R5 

Outline railroad map of the southern states 
printed on heavy paper, indicating the railroad 
network, with stations and names of railroad 
companies along each line. 

Note: "Every Railroad, Station, and So. Ex. 
Office shown in this map." 

Western United States 

146 
Dearborn, William L. A map illustrative of the 
route of the proposed railroad, from St. Louis to 
the Bay of San Francisco, compiled from the maps 
and reports of Coin. Fremont. By W. L. Dearborn, 
Civil Engineer. Boston, Tappan & Bradford's 
Lith., [1850]. Scale ca. 1:3,000,000. 23X120 cm. 

From "Description of a Rail Road Route, from 
St. Louis to San Francisco," in letters to P. P. F. 
Degrand, from W. L. Dearborn, 1849. Boston, 
1850. 

"The red line indicates the route of the Railroad. 
The green line is the route followed by Col. 
Fremont from the South Pass to Humboldt River." 



147 
Sidell, W. H. 'Survey of routes from the valley of 
the Mississippi to the Pacific Ocean.' Map of the 
route surveyed from the Mississippi at Lake 
Providence in Louisiana to the great bend of Red 
river at Fulton in Arkansas, under the orders of Col. 
J. J. Abert, Chief of the Corps of Topographical 
Engineers, by W. H. Sidell, Civil Engineer. 1850. 



Western United States 



37 



Baltimore, E. Weber, 1850. Scale ca. 1:370,000. 
37X78 cm. 

From 31st Congress, 2d session. Senate. Ex. doc. 
no. 42. 



147a 
Colton, Joseph Hutchins. Colton's railroad & 
township map, western states compiled from the 
United States surveys. New York, 1853. Scale ca. 
1:1,530,000. 86X113 cm. (Millard Fillmore map 
coll.) G3701 P3. 1853 

Detailed map of the north-central states framed 
in decorative borders indicating drainage, relief by 
hachures, state, county, and township boundaries, 
cities and towns, canals, roads, railroads, and 
proposed railroads. 

Signed in ms. — Millard Fillmore. March 1853. 

LC also has 1852, 1855 and 1857 editions. 

1857 map differs from the above maps in title 
location. Lacks "Cincinnati. O." under small view 
of the city. The map coverage has been shifted 
west by one degree of longitude. "J. P. Cox Sc." 
appears under the date in the title. 



148 
Williamson, Robert S. and others. General map 
of explorations and surveys in California made 
under the direction of Hon. Jefferson Davis, 
Secretary of War by Lieut. R. S. Williamson, 
Topi. Engr. assisted by Lieut. J. G. Parke, Topi. 
Engr. and Mr. Isaac Williams Smith, Civ. Engr. 
1853. Scale 1:600,000. 62X183 cm. 

At head of title: "Routes in California to connect 
with the routes near the 32nd. and 35th. Parallels." 

From U.S. War Department, Explorations and 
Surveys for a Railroad Route from the Mississippi River 
to the Pacific Ocean. Topographical Maps . . . to 
Illustrate the Various Reports . . . (Washington, 1859) 
33d Congress 2d session. Senate. Ex. doc. no. 78. 



149 
Williamson, Robert S. Map and profile of the 
Canada de las Uvas; from Explorations and 
Surveys made under the direction of the Hon. 
Jefferson Davis, Secretary of War by Lieut. R. S. 
Williamson. Topi. Engrs. assisted by Lieut. J. G. 
Parke. Topi. Engrs. and Mr. Isaac Williams Smith, 
Civ. Engr. 1853. Scale 1:60,000. 56X76 cm. 

At head of title: "Routes in California to connect 
with the routes near the 32nd and 35th Parallels." 

From U.S. War Department, Explorations and 
Surveys for a Railroad Route from the Mississippi River 
to the Pacific Ocean. Topographical Maps . . . to 
Illustrate the Various Reports . . . (Washington, 1859) 
33d Congress 2d session. Senate. Ex. doc. no. 78. 



150 
Williamson, Robert S. Map of passes in the 
Sierra Nevada from Walker's Pass to the Coast 
Range; from explorations and surveys made under 
the direction of the Hon. Jefferson Davis, Secretary 
of War by Lieut. R. S. Williamson Topi. Engr. 
assisted by Lieut. J. G. Parke Topi. Engr. and Mr. 
Isaac Williams Smith, Civ. Engr. 1853. Scale 
1:240,000. 79X51 cm. 

At head of title: "Routes in California to connect 
with the routes near the 32nd and 35th Parallels." 

From U.S. War Department, Explorations and 
Surveys for a Railroad Route from the Mississippi River 
to the Pacific Ocean. Topographical Maps . . . to 
Illustrate the Various Reports . . . (Washington, 1859) 
33d Congress 2d session. Senate. Ex. doc. no. 78. 

151 
Williamson, Robert S. Map and profile of the 
Tejon Pass; from explorations and surveys made 
under the direction of the Hon. Jefferson Davis, 
Secretary of War by Lieut. R. S. Williamson, 
Topi. Engrs. assisted by Lieut. J. G. Parke, Topi. 
Engrs. and Mr. Isaac Williams Smith, Civ. Engr. 
1853. Scale 1:60,000. 59X87 cm. 

At head of title: "Routes in California to connect 
with the routes near the 32nd and 35th Parallels." 

From U.S. War Department, Explorations and 
Surveys for a Railroad Route from the Mississippi River 
to the Pacific Ocean. Topographical Maps . . . to 
Illustrate the Various Reports . . . (Washington, 1859) 
33d Congress 2d session. Senate. Ex. doc. no. 78. 

152 
[Hoffmann, John D.] From Fort Smith to the 
Rio Grande from explorations and surveys made 
under the direction of the Hon. Jefferson Davis, 
Secretary of War by Lieut. A. W. Whipple, 
Topogl. Engrs. and Lieut. J. C. Ives, Topogl. 
Engrs. A. H. Campbell, Civil Engr. and Surveyor. 
Wm. White Jr., N. H. Hutton, J. P. Sherburne, 
Asst. Surveyors. 1853-4. Engraved by Selmar 
Siebert. Scale 1:950,400. 58X132 cm. 

At head of title: "Route near the 35th Parallel. 
Map no. 1." 

From U.S. War Department, Explorations and 
Surveys for a Railroad Route from the Mississippi River 
to the Pacific Ocean. Topographical Maps . . . to 
Illustrate the Various Reports . . . (Washington, 1859) 
33d Congress 2d session. Senate. Ex. doc. no. 78. 

Inset: Sketch of Rio Pecos at Anton Chico. 
20X15 cm. 

153 
Hoffmann, John D. From the Rio Grande to the 
Pacific Ocean from explorations and surveys made 
under the direction of the Hon. Jefferson Davis, 
Secretary of War by Lieut. A. W. Whipple, Topogl. 
Engrs. and Lieut. J. C. Ives, Topogl. Engrs. A. H. 



38 



REGIONS 



Campbell, Civil Engr. and Surveyor. Wm. White 
Jr., N. H. Hutton, J. P. Sherburne, Asst. Sur- 
veyors. 1853-4. Engraved by Selmar Siebert. 
Scale 1 : 950,400. 58 X 135 cm. 

At head of title: "Route near the 35th Parallel. 
Map no. 2." 

From U.S. War Department, Explorations and 
Surveys Jor a Railroad Route from the Mississippi River 
to the Pacific Ocean. Topographical Maps . . . to 
Illustrate the Various Reports . . . (Washington, 1859) 
33d Congress 2d session. Senate. Ex. doc. no. 78. 

Insets: Sketch of Aztec Pass. Dravv'n by C. 
Mahon. From a sketch by A. H. Campbell, Civil 
Engineer. 12X17 cm — Sketch of Campbell's Pass 
from Agua Azul to Salt Spring. Drawn by C. 
Mahon. 13X32 cm. 

154 

Lambert, John. St. Paul to Riviere des Lacs; 
from explorations and surveys made under the 
direction of the Hon. Jefferson Davis, Secretary of 
War by Isaac I. Stevens Governor of Washington 
Territory. 1853-4. Engraved by Selmar Siebert. 
Scale 1 : 1,200,000. 63X94 cm. 

At head of title: "Route near the 47th and 49th 
Parallels. Map no. 1." 

From U.S. War Department, Explorations and 
Surveys for a Railroad Route from the Mississippi River 
to the Pacific Ocean. Topographical Maps . . . to 
Illustrate the Various Reports . . . (Washington, 1859) 
33d Congress 2d session. Senate. Ex. doc. no. 78. 

"Drawn by John Lambert. Topographer of 
the exploration." 

155 
Lambert, John. Riviere des Lacs to the Rocky 
Mountains; from explorations and surveys made 
under the direction of the Hon. Jefferson Davis, 
Secretary of War by Isaac I. Stevens Governor of 
Washington Territory. 1853^. Engraved by 
Selmar Siebert. Scale 1:1,200,000. 63X94 cm. 

At head of title: "Route near the 47th and 49th 
Parallels. Map no. 2." 

From U.S. War Department, Explorations and 
Surveys for a Railroad Route from the Mississippi River 
to the Pacific Ocean. Topographical Maps . . . to 
Illustrate the Various Reports . . . (Washington, 1859) 
33d Congress 2d session. Senate. Ex. doc. no. 78. 

"Drawn by John Lambert. Topographer of 
the exploration, assisted by J. R. P. Mechlin." 

156 
Lambert, John. Rocky Mountains to Puget 
Sound ; from explorations and Surveys made under 
the direction of the Hon. Jefferson Davis, Secretary 
of War by Isaac I. Stevens, Governor of Washington 
Territory. 1853-4. Engraved by Selmar Siebert. 
Scale 1 : 1,200,000. 63X94 cm. 



At head of title: "Route near the 47th and 49th 
Parallels. Map no. 3." 

From U.S. War Department, Explorations and 
Surveys for a Railroad Route from the Mississippi River 
to the Pacific Ocean. Topographical Maps . . . to 
Illustrate the Various Reports . . . (Washington, 1859) 
33d Congress 2d session. Senate. Ex. doc. no. 78. 

"Drawn by John Lambert. Topographer of 
the exploration." 

Inset: (Supplementary sketch) Reconnaissance 
of the railroad route from Wallawalla to Seattle via 
Yak-e-mah River & Snoqualmie Pass. By A. W. 
Tinkham in January 1854. Drawn by J. R. P. 
Mechlin. 20X28 cm. 

157 
Preuss, Charles. General map of a survey in 
California in connection with examinations for 
railroad routes to the Pacific Ocean made by order 
of the War Department by Lieut. R. S. Williamson, 
U.S. Topi. Engrs. assisted by Lieut. J. G. Parke, 
U.S. Topi. Engrs. and Mr. Isaac Williams Smith, 
C.E. New York, Sarony & Co., [1855]. Scale 
1:600,000. 62X183 cm. 

"Proof revised in Office of P.R.R. Surveys Feb. 
10th 1855. All copies printed prior to this date 
contain errors. G. K. Warren, Lt. Topi. Engrs." 

Map shows "practicable railway routes" be- 
tween Ft. Yuma on the Colorado River and the 
San Francisco Bay region. 

158 
Custer, H. From San Francisco Bay to the Plains 
of Los Angeles from explorations and surveys made 
under the direction of the Hon. Jefferson Davis 
Secretary of War by Lieut. John G. Parke Topi. 
Engrs. assisted by Albert H. Campbell Civil 
Engineer and N. H. Hutton, H. Custer and G. G. 
Garner. 1854 & 55. Constructed and drawn by H. 
Custer. Scale 1:760,320. 74X89 cm. 

At head of title: "Coast route, California. Map 
no. 1." 

From U.S. War Department, Explorations and 
Surveys for a Railroad Route from the Mississippi River 
to the Pacific Ocean. Topographical Maps . . . to 
Illustrate the Various Reports . . . (Washington, 1859) 
33d Congress 2d session. Senate. Ex. doc. no. 78. 

159 
Custer, H. From the Pimas villages to Fort 
Fillmore from explorations and surveys made 
under the direction of the Hon. Jefferson Davis, 
Secretary of War by Lieut. John G. Parke. Topi. 
Engrs. assisted by Albert H. Campbell. Civil 
Engineer and N. H. Hutton, H. Custer and G. G. 
Garner. 1854 & 55. Scale 1 : 760,320. 61 X98 cm. 

At head of title: "Route near the 32nd parallel 
of north latitude. Map no. 2." 



Western United States 



39 



From U.S. War Department, Explorations and 
Surveys for a Railroad Route from the Mississippi River 
to the Pacific Ocean. Topographical Maps . . . to 
Illustrate the Various Reports . . . (Washington, 1859). 
33d Congress 2d session. Senate. Ex. doc. no. 78. 

"The Gila River, from the mouth of the valle 
del Sauz eastword, is laid down from the recon- 
naissance of Maj. W. H. Emory, U.S.T.E. in 
1846 — the remaining portion of the Gila; the 
positions of Frontera, El Paso, Ft. Fillmore and 
Tucson, and the topography along the Mexican 
Boundary Line were furnished by the office of the 
Mexican Boundary Commission, Maj. W. E. 
Emory, Commissioner. The heavy dotted line 
indicates new trails made by Lt. Parke's Parties." 

160 
Egloffstein, F. W. von Baron. From the western 
boundary of Missouri to the mouth of Trap Creek; 
from explorations and surveys made under the 
direction of the Hon. Jefferson Davis, Secretary of 
War by Capt. J. W. Gunnison. Topi. Engrs. 
assisted by Capt. E. G. P. Beckwith, 3d. Artillery. 
R. H. Kern, Topographer in the field. Map made 
under the supervision of Capt. E. G. Beckwith, 3d. 
Artillery by F. W. Egloffstein, Topographer for the 
route. 1855. Engraved by Selmar Siebert. Scale 
1:760,320. 82X61 cm. G4051 .P3 1855 .E5 

At head of tide: "Route near the 38th & 39th 
Parallels. Map no. 1." 

From U.S. War Department, Explorations and 
Surveys for a Railroad Route from the Mississippi River 
to the Pacific Ocean. Topographical Maps . . . to 
Illustrate the Various Reports . . . (Washington, 1859) 
33d Congress 2d session. Senate. Ex. doc. no. 78. 

161 
Egloffstein, F. W. von Baron. From the mouth of 
Trap Creek to the Santa Fe Crossing; from ex- 
plorations and surveys made under the direction of 
the Hon. Jefferson Davis, Secretary of War by 
Capt. J. W. Gunnison. Topi. Engrs. assisted by 
Capt. E. G. P. Beckwith, 3d. Artillery. R. H. Kern, 
Topographer in the field. Map made under the 
supervision of Capt. E. G. Beckwith, 3d. Artillery, 
by F. W. Egloffstein, Topographer for the route. 
1855. Engraved by Selmar Siebert. Scale 
1:760,320. 81X61 cm. G4051 .P3 1855 .E5 

At head of title: "Route near the 38th & 39th 
Parallels. Map No. 2." 

From U.S. War Department, Explorations and 
Surveys for a Railroad Route from the Mississippi River 
to the Pacific Ocean. Topographical Maps . . . to 
Illustrate the Various Reports . . . (Washington, 1859) 
33d Congress 2d session. Senate. Ex. doc. no. 78. 

162 
Egloffstein, F. W. von Baron. From the Santa Fe 
Crossing to the Coo-cheto-pa Pass; from explora- 



tions and surveys made under the direction of the 
Hon. Jefferson Davis, Secretary of War by Capt 
J. W. Gunnison, Topi. Engrs. assisted by Capt. 
E. G. P. Beckwith, 3d. Artillery. R. H. Kern, To- 
pographer in the field. Map made under the 
supervision of Capt. E. G. Beckwith, 3d. Artillery 
by F. W. Egloffstein, Topographer for the route. 
1855. Engraved by Selmar Siebert. Scale 
1:760,320. 81X61. G4051 .P3 1855 .E5 

At head of title: "Route near the 38th & 39th 
Parallels. Map No. 3." 

From U.S. War Department, Explorations and 
Surveys for a Railroad Route from the Mississippi River 
to the Pacific Ocean. Topographical Maps . . . to 
Illustrate the Various Reports . . . (Washington, 1859) 
33d Congress 2d session. Senate. Ex. doc. no. 78. 



163 
Egloffstein, F. W. von Baron. From the Coo- 
cheto-pa Pass to the Wahsatch Mountains from 
explorations and surveys made under the direction 
of the Hon. Jefferson Davis, Secretary of War by 
Capt. J. W. Gunnison, Topi. Engrs. assisted by 
Capt. E. G. P. Beckwith, 3d. Artillery. R. H. Kern, 
Topographer in the field. Map made under the 
supervision of Capt. E. G. Beckwith, 3d. Artillery 
by F. W. Egloffstein, Topographer for the route. 
1855. Engraved by Selmar Siebert. Scale 
1:760,320. 81X61 cm. G4051 .P3 1855 .E5 

At head of title: "Route near the 38th & 39th 
Parallels. Map no. 4." 

From U.S. War Department, Explorations and 
Surveys for a Railroad Route from the Mississippi River 
to the Pacific Ocean. Topographical Maps . . . to 
Illustrate the Various Reports . . . (Washington, 1859) 
33d Congress 2d session. Senate. Ex. doc. no. 78. 



164 
Egloffstein, F. W. von Baron. Skeleton map 
exhibiting the route explored by Capt. J. W. 
Gunnison U.S.A., 38 parallel of north latitude 
(1853), also that of the 41 parallel of latitude ex- 
plored by Lieutenant E. G. P. Beckwith 3d. Arty. 
(1854). 1855. Lith of Sarony & Co. N.Y. Scale 
1:3,168,000. 63X97 cm. 

From Pacific Railroad Series, Vol. 4. 33d Congress 
1st session. House. Ex. doc. no. 129. 



165 
Egloffstein, F. W. von Baron. From the valley of 
Green River to the Great Salt Lake; from ex- 
plorations and surveys made under the direction of 
Hon. Jefferson Davis, Secretary of War by Capt. 
E. G. P. Beckwith, 3d. Artillery. F. W. Egloffstein, 
Topographer for the route. 1855. Selmar Siebert's 
Engraving & Printing Establishment, Washington, 
D.C. Scale 1:760,320. 54X47 cm. 



40 



REGIONS 



At head of title: "Route near the 41st Parallel. 
Map no. 1." 

From U.S. War Department, Explorations and 
Surveys for a Railroad Route from the Mississippi River 
to the Pacific Ocean. Topographical Maps . . . to 
Illustrate the Various Reports . . . (Washington, 1859) 
33d Congress 2d session. Senate. Ex. doc. no. 78. 

166 
Egloffstein, F. W. von Baron. From Great Salt 
Lake to the Humboldt Mountains; from explora- 
tions and surveys made under the direction of the 
Hon. Jefferson Davis, Secretary of War by Capt. 
E. G. P. Beckwith, 3d. Artillery. E. [sic] W. Engloff- 
stein. Topographer for the route. 1855. Selmar 
Siebert's Engraving & Printing Establishment, 
Washington, D.C. Scale 1:760,320. 54X47 cm. 

At head of title: "Route near the 41st Parallel. 
Map no. 2." 

From U.S. War Department, Explorations and 
Surveys for a Railroad Route from the Mississippi River 
to the Pacific Ocean. Topographical Maps . . . to 
Illustrate the Various Reports . . . (Washington, 1859) 
33d Congress 2d session. Senate. Ex. doc. no. 78. 

167 
Egloffstein, F. W. von Baron. From the Humboldt 
Mountains to the Mud Lakes, from explorations 
and surveys made under the direction of the Hon. 
Jefferson Davis, Secretary of War by Capt. E. G. 
Beckwith, 3d. Artillery. F. W. Egloffstein, To- 
pographer for the route. 1855. Selmar Siebert's 
Engraving & Printing Establishment, Washington, 
D.C. Scale 1:760,320. 54X47 cm. 

At head of title: "Route near the 41st Parallel. 
Map no. 3." 

From U.S. War Department, Explorations and 
Surveys for a Railroad Route from the Mississippi River 
to the Pacific Ocean. Topographical Maps . . . to 
Illustrate the Various Reports . . . (Washington, 1859) 
33d Congress 2d session. Senate. Ex. doc. no. 78. 

168 
Egloffstein, F. W. von Baron. From the valley of 
the Mud Lakes to the Pacific Ocean; from ex- 
plorations and surveys made under the direction of 
the Hon. Jefferson Davis, Secretary of War by 
Capt. E. G. Beckwith, 3d. Artillery. F. W. Egloff- 
stein, Topographer for the Route. 1855. Selmar 
Siebert's Engraving & Printing Establishment, 
Washington, D.C. Scale 1:760,320. 54X47 cm. 

At head of title: "Route near the 41st Parallel. 
Map no. 4." 

From U.S. War Department, Explorations and 
Surveys for a Railroad Route from the Mississippi River 
to the Pacific Ocean. Topographical Maps . . . to 
Illustrate the Various Reports . . . (Washington, 1859) 
33d Congress 2d session. Senate. Ex. doc. no. 78. 



169 
Williamson, Robert S. and others. From San 
Francisco Bay to the northern boundary of Cali- 
fornia from explorations and surveys made under 
the direction of Hon. Jefferson Davis. Sec of War 
by Lieut. R. S. Williamson, U.S. Topi. Engrs. and 
Lieut. H. L. Abbot, U.S. Topi. Engrs. H. C. 
Fillebrown. J. Young and C. D. Anderson, Assts. 
1855. Scale 1:760,320. 60X71 cm. 

At head of title: "Routes in Oregon and Cali- 
fornia. Map no. 1." 

From U.S. War Department, Explorations and 
Surveys for a Railroad Route from the Mississippi River 
to the Pacific Ocean. Topographical Maps . . . to 
Illustrate the Various Reports . . . (Washington, 1859) 
33d Congress 2d session. Senate. Ex. doc. no. 78. 

"Drawn by John Young." 

170 
Williamson, Robert S. and others. From the 
northern boundary of California to the Columbia 
River from explorations and surveys made under 
the direction of Hon. Jefferson Davis, Sec. of War 
by Lieut. R. S. Williamson, U.S. Topi. Engrs. and 
Lieut. H. L. Abbot, U.S. Topi. Engrs. H. C. 
Fillebrown, J. Young and C. D. Anderson Assts. 
1855. Scale 1:760,320. 60X71 cm. 

At head of title: "Routes in Oregon and Cali- 
fornia. Map no. 2." 

From U.S. War Department, Explorations and 
Surveys for a Railroad Route from the Mississippi River 
to the Pacific Ocean. Topographical Maps . . . to 
Illustrate the Various Reports . . . (Washington, 1859) 
33d Congress 2d session. Senate. Ex. doc. no. 78. 

"Drawn by John Young." 

171 
Pope, John. From the Red River to the Rio 
Grande; from explorations and surveys made under 
the direction of the Hon. Jefferson Davis, Secretary 
of War by Captain John Pope, Corps Topi. Engrs. 
assisted by Lieutenant Kenner Gerrard. 1st 
Dragoons. 1854-6. Scale 1:950,400. 71X147 cm. 

At head of title: "Route near the 32nd Parallel. 
Map and Profile no. 1 ." 

From U.S. War Department, Explorations and 
Surveys for a Railroad Route from the Mississippi River 
to the Pacific Ocean. Topographical Maps . . . to 
Illustrate the Various Reports . . . (Washington, 1 859) 
33d Congress 2d session. Senate Ex. doc. no. 78. 

172 
Mowry, Sylvester. Map of proposed Arizona 
Territory from explorations of A. B. Gray & others 
to accompany memoir by Lieut. Mowry U.S. 
Army, delegate elect. Middleton, Wallace & Co. 
Lithos. Cin. [1857] col. Scale ca. 1:3,280,000. 
18X37 cm. 



Western United States 



41 



From Mowry's Memoir of the Proposed Territory of 
Arizona (Washington, Henry Pollsinhorn, 1857). 

Map of the U.S. Southwest and part of northern 
Mexico extending from El Paso, Tex., to the Pacific 
Ocean. Shows proposed and practicable railroad 
lines. 



173 
Warren, Gouverneur Kemble. Map of routes for a 
Pacific railroad, compiled to accompany the report 
of the Hon. Jefferson Davis, Sec. of War. G .K. 
Warren. It. top engrs. 1855. Rev. Jany. 1857. 
N[ew] Y[ork] Lith. of J. Bien [1857]. col. Scale 
1:6,000,000. 52X59 cm. (Millard Fillmore map 
Coll.) G3701 .P3 1857 .W31 

Outline sketch map of the United States west of 
the Mississippi River designed to show the relation- 
ship of the proposed railroad routes. 

First edition of the map appears in U.S. War 
Department, Report of the Secretary . . . Communicating 
the Several Pacific Railroad Explorations (Washington, 
1855). 33d Congress, 1st session, House. Ex. doc. 
no. 129. 

Note: "This is a hurried compilation of all the 
authentic surveys and is designed to exhibit the 
relations of the different routes to each other: the 
topography represents only those great divides 
which form summits on the profiles of the routes. 
An elaborate map on a scale of 1 : 3,000,000 is 
being compiled and is in an advanced state. Re- 
vised Jany. 1857. G. K. Warren, Lt. Top. Engrs." 
See next entry for description of completed large 
map. 

Annotated in pink to show boundaries and names 
of states and territories. Signed in ms., on the verso: 
"Millard Fillmore." 



174 
Freyhold, Edward. Map of the territory of the 
United States from the Mississippi River to the 
Pacific Ocean ordered by the Hon. Jeff'n. Davis, 
Secretary of War to accompany the reports of the 
explorations for a railroad route. Drawn by E. 
Freyhold. Engr. on stone by J. Bien. [Washington, 
D.C.] War Dept., 1858. col. Scale 1:3,000,000. 
110X120 cm. (Millard Fillmore map Coll.) 

G4050 1858 .F7 

Very detailed map of the United States west of 
the Mississippi River indicating drainage, relief by 
hachures, cities and towns, forts, trails, wagon 
roads, and routes of exploration. An important map 
of western expansion, it utilized and lists 45 major 
exploration and mapping reports from Lewis & 
Clark to the U.S. General Land Office Surveys. 

Published to accompany Lt. G. K. Warren's 
Memoir to Accompany the Map of the Territory of the 
United States from the Mississippi River to the Pacific 
Ocean and was included in Volume XI of the 



Pacific Railroad Reports. With this map the work of 

the Bureau of Topographical Engineers on the 

preliminary Pacific surveys came to a conclusion. 

Signed inms: "Millard Fillmore. Dec. 19, 1863." 

LC also has 1868 edition. G4050 1868 .F71. 

175 
Fiala, John T. General map of the United States 
& their territory between the Mississippi & the 
Pacific Ocean. 1. Showing the different surveyed 
routes from the Mississippi valley to the coast of 
Pacific Ocean, 2. the new established & proposed 
Post Routes, 3. the recently discovered gold, silver 
and copper region in Kansas, Nebraska and 
Arizona. Compiled from the various P.R.R. 
Surveys & the best authorities which could be 
obtained. Lith. by A. McLean. 1859. Engraved on 
stone by A. Janicke. Scale ca. 1 : 6,500,000. 54X60 
cm. 

Gold mines are indicated in yellow and silver 
mines in blue. Indicates post routes, "old trail," 
finished and unfinished railroads, and the proposed 
state of "Colona." 

176 
McGowan, D. Map of the United States west of 
the Mississippi showing the routes to Pike's Peak, 
overland mail route to California and Pacific rail 
road surveys. To which are added the new state 
& territorial boundaries, the principal mail & 
rail road routes with all the arrangements 
& corrections made by Congress up to the date of 
its issue. Compiled and drawn from U.S. land & 
coast surveys and other reliable sources, by D. 
McGowan and Geo. H. Hildt. St. Louis, Leopold 
Cast & Bro., 1859. col. Scale ca. 1:5,000,000. 
58X72 cm. G4050 1859 .M2 

Cover title: "Map exhibiting the routes to Pike's 
Peak." 

Detailed general map framed in decorative 
borders showing drainage, relief by hachures, 
state boundaries, cities and towns, and the trans- 
portation and communication networks. An ex- 
cellent example of a promotional map to en- 
courage emigration. 

177 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
of the country from Lake Superior to the Pacific 
Ocean. From the latest explorations and surveys 
to accompany the report of the New York Chamber 
of Commerce. April 1868. col. Scale 1:2,100,000. 
56X112 cm. 

Map of the western United States showing relief 
by hachures, drainage, cities and towns, military 
posts, railroads, and the Northern Pacific Railroad 
in red. Includes a profile of the line. 

LC also has another edition, scale 1:3,158,000 



42 



REGIONS 



from the New York Chamber of Commerce report 
of a special committee, March 26, 1868. 



177a 
Colton (G. \V. and C. B.) and Company. Karte 
der verschiendenen Pacific eisenbahnen und deren 
verbindung mit anderen bahnen. Fiir die "N.Y. 
Handels Zeitung" gezeichnet. New York, 1870. col. 
Scale ca. 1:6,000,000. 73X110 cm. 



At top of map: "Beilage zur N.Y. Handels 
Zeitung." 

Map of western United States showing drain- 
age, relief by hachures, state and county 
boundaries, cities and towns, Indian and military 
reservations, roads, trails, the railroad network 
and the Pacific lines in heavy colors. 

Inset: [Eastern U.S.] 13X16 cm. 

Accompanied by "Expose der verschiedenen 
Pacific-eisenbahnen zur erklarung der beiliegenden 
karte." 28X38 cm. 



0'^ 



* 



I 




., lliitM$btistllisl.fkiniHisn)nri 



OfmiaM Ifaa Rsui a CiUimia 



a^rS^ 



.4 clear, well-dfsigned map showing the routes to the 
Pike's Peak gold fields and the Pacific Railroad 
surveys. {Entry 176) 



Individual States 



Alabama 

178 
U.S. General Land Office. State of Alabama. 
October. 2nd. 1866. Bowen & Co., Lith., Phila. 
col. Scale ca. 1:200,000. 48X30 cm. 

"The whole central region of this state is under- 
laid with iron ore, in vast beds. There are also coal 
measures of great thickness and extent. Lead ore is 
also found." 

Signed: Jos. S. Wilson, Commissioner. 

Outline map showing major drainage, cities and 
towns, railroads, and the 6-mile and 15-mile 
limits of the land grant. 

LC also has 1865 edition from "39th Cong. 
1st Sess. Annual Report of the Commissioners, 
Gen. Land Off." 

179 
Alabama. Railroad Commissioners. Map of Ala- 
bama. Chicago, Rand McNallv & Co., 1888. 
col. Scale ca. 1:1,150,000. 54X32 cm. 

Shows drainage, township and county bound- 
aries, cities and towns, and the railroad network 
in colored lines. 

"Prepared expressly for the Tenth (10th) 
Annual report of the Railroad Commissioners of 
Alabama." 



Map of central Alaska showing relief by hachures 
and spot heights, drainage, glaciers, cities and 
towns, international boundary, trails and the 
proposed railroad. 

Listed in Richard S. Ladd's Maps Showing Ex- 
plorers' Routes, Trails & Early Roads in the United 
States (Washington, Govt. Print. Off., 1962), 
no. 43. 

Arizona 

181 
Rand McNally and Company. Indexed map of 
Arizona showing the stage lines, counties, lakes & 
rivers. Chicago, 1876. col. Scale ca. 1:2,000,000. 
49X31 cm. 

Shows relief by hachures, cities and towns, roads 
and trails, proposed mail route, and proposed 
railroad lines. Title from cover. 

182 
Cram, George F. Railroad and county map of 
Arizona. [New York, A. A. Grant, 1887] col. 
Scale ca. 1:1,600,000. 54X42 cm. 

Shows relief by hachures, drainage, cities and 
towns, townships and counties, roads, and un- 
finished railroads. Includes index on the verso. 



Alaska 

180 
Millard, B. F. and Emil Mahlo. Map of the all 
American Route showing proposed railroad and 
U.S. Government Mail Road to the Yukon. 
Issued by Central Alaska Transportation & 
Trading Co. Compiled by B. F. Millard and 
Emil Mahlo, Topographical Engineer, U.S. Alaska 
Exploration Expedition Capt. W. A. Abercrombie, 
U.S.A. Commanding. Copyrighted Feb. 1899. 
The O. P. Anderson Map & Blue Print Co. 
Inc. Seattle, Washington. Blueprint. Scale 
1:1,200,000. 53X50 cm. 



Arkansas 

183 
Shall, D. F. Colton's railroad & township map 
of Arkansas compiled from the U.S. Surveys and 
other authentic sources. Entered according to 
Act of Congress, in the year 1854 by J. H. Colton. 
New York, J. H. Colton, 1854. col. Scale ca. 
1:750,000. 66X81 cm. 

Detailed general map showing drainage, cities 
and towns, roads, railroads, and canals. 

LC also has an 1860 edition, published by 
Johnson & Browning, and an 1865 edition of the 
map. 



43 



44 



INDIVIDUAL STATES 



184 
Cram, George F. Cram's township and rail road 
map of Arkansas. Chicago, 1895. col. Scale 
1:1,025,000. 41X57 cm. 

Indexed township and county map showing 
relief by hachures, drainage, and cities and towns. 
Railroad lines are distinguished by color. 

185 
Rand McNally and Company. The Rand-Mc- 
Nally indexed county and township pocket map 
and shippers guide of Arkansas showing all rail- 
roads, cities, towns, villages, post offices, lakes 
rivers, etc. Chicago, 1898. col. Scale ca. 1 :900,000. 
48X68 cm. 

"Accompanied by a new and original compil- 
ation and ready reference index, showing in detail 
the entire railroad system." 

Title from index. Map overprinted in red to 
show railroads by number. Index to chief cities 
in left margin. 



Nevada.] New York, 1874. col. Scale 1:1,267,200. 
2 sheets, each 41 X60 cm. 

Accompanied by 67 p. descriptive index. 

Shows drainage, relief by hachures, cities and 
towns, township and county boundaries, and the 
railroad network with names of lines and distances 
between stations. 

189 
Rand McNally and Company. New enlarged 
scale railroad and county map of California 
showing every railroad station and post office 
in the state. Chicago, cl883. col. Scale ca. 
1:1,200,000. 94X83 cm. 

Indexed map showing relief by hachures, 
drainage, cities and towns, counties, roads, and 
railroads. 

Inset: Rand McNally & Co.'s map of the 
United States. 32X49 cm. 



Colorado 



California 

186 
Elliott, S. G. Map of central California showing 
the different rail road lines completed & pro- 
jected. 1860. Published by G. W. Welch, Nevada. 
Lith. of Britton & Co., San Francisco. Scale ca. 
1:570,000. 72X59 cm. 

Map of the Sacramento Valley, east to Lake 
Bicler (Tahoe) showing drainage, relief by 
hachures, county seats, towns, ranches, stage and 
wagon roads, and completed and projected rail- 
roads. 

Below the main map are tables of statistics and 
tables of distances. Two profiles show the "Emi- 
grant Wagon Road" and the "different Rail 
Road Lines from Sacramento." 

Insets: [Views of] Auburn, Folsom, Nevada, 
Grass Valley, each 8X13 cm. — [View of] Sacra- 
mento. — [View of the locomotive "Enterprise" 
and three cars.] 

187 
Bielawski, C, J. D. Hoffman & A. Poett. Rail- 
road map of the central part of California, and 
part of Nevada. 1865. Copied June 12th 1866. 
col. ms. on tracing linen. Scale 1 : 253,440. 73 X 161 
cm. 

Outline map of the U.S. West, from vicinity of 
Lake Tahoe to the Pacific Ocean. 

188 
Asher & Adams. [New commercial and topo- 
graphical rail road map & guide of California and 



190 
Rand McNally and Company. Indexed map of 
Colorado showing the railroads in the state, and 
the express company doing business over each, 
also counties and rivers. Chicago, 1879. col. 
Scale ca. 1:1,500,000. 33X47 cm. 

Shows relief by hachures, drainage, counties, 
cities and towns, roads, and the railroads with 
names along the lines. Title from cover. 



Connecticut 

191 
Connecticut. Railroad Commissioners. Map of the 
railroads of Connecticut to accompany the re- 
port . . . 1893. Prepared by S. D. Tilden, Hartford. 
Hartford, W. H. Dodd & Co., 1893. col. Scale 
1:380,160. 54X69 cm. 

Map of Connecticut and vicinity showing 
drainage, cities and towns, stations, and the rail- 
road network in distinguishing colors. 

LC also has editions of 1877 and 1881. 



Delaware 

192 
Matthews-Northrup Co. Delaware, prepared 
especially for the Mercantile Guide and Bureau 
Co. Publishers of Railway, express and postal 
shipping guides. Buffalo, 1899. Scale ca 1 : 800,000. 
22X14 cm. 

Outline map showing major drainage, cities and 
towns, and the railroad network with names. 



California — Idaho 



45 



Florida 

193 
Drew, Columbus. Map of the State of Florida 
showing the progress of the surveys. From the 
annual report of the Surveyor General for 1856. 
Published by Columbus Drew bookseller. Jack- 
sonville, 1856. col. Scale ca. 1:140,480. 63X64 
cm. 

Township map showing drainage, cities and 
towns, roads, trails, and location of two railroad 
lines in the northern part of the state. 

Stated scale reads: 12 miles to an inch. It is 
corrected in ink to read 18 miles. 

Listed in R. S. Ladd's Maps Showing Explorers' 
Routes . . . (Washington, Govt, print, off., 1962), 
no. 267. 

194 
U.S. General Land Office. Map of the State of 
Florida showing the progress of the surveys ac- 
companying annual report of the Surveyor 
General for 1859. Lith of J. Bien, N. Y. col. 
Scale 1 : 1,140,480. 58X62 cm. 

Township map showing drainage, cities and 
towns, railroads, location of the land grant rail- 
roads and indicating the 6- and 15-mile limits of 
grants. Shows land offices. 

Manuscript annotation states: "See Report 
made to Hon. W. S. Herndon House of Reps. 
Jany. 17, 1874 Vol. 13. p. 147— See to Hon. 
D. S. Yulu Oct 22nd, 1875." 

195 
Drew, C[olumbus] Drew's new map of the state 
of Florida, showing the townships by the U.S. 
Surveys, the completed & projected railroads, the 
different railroad stations and growing railroad 
towns. The new towns on the rivers and interior, 
and the new counties, up to the year 1874. Jack- 
sonville [1874] cl873. col. Scale 1:1,140,480. 
63X66 cm. 

Shows drainage, township and county bound- 
aries, cities and towns, battlefields, and submarine 
cables to Havana. Lists operating and newly 
chartered railroads. 

196 

Elliott, D. H. A new sectional map of Florida 
issued by the land department of the South 
Florida R. R. Co. and the Plant Investment Co. 
Sanford, Fla., 1888. col. Scale 1:633,600. 111X80 
cm. 

Township map showing drainage, cities and 
towns, land grants, and land for sale shown in 
yellow. 

Geography and description of agricultural 
products of Florida appear on the verso of map. 



Inset: Map illustrating the geographical posi- 
tion of Florida ... 33X34 cm. 

197 
Rand McNally and Company. The Rand-Mc- 
Nally indexed county and township pocket map 
and shippers guide of Florida showing all rail- 
roads, cities, towns, villages, post offices, lakes 
rivers, etc. Chicago, 1900. Scale 1:1,203,840. 
48X68 cm. 

Accompanied by index. Title from index. Shows 
in detail the entire railroad network in red, coded 
by number to list. 

Inset: Map showing parts of Lake, Orange, and 
Volusa counties. 14X22 cm. 



Georgia 

198 
Cram, George F. Indexed railroad and county 
map of Georgia. Chicago [1883] col. Scale ca. 
1:220,000. 56X41 cm. 

Indexed map showing relief by hachures, 
drainage, cities and towns, county and township 
boundaries. Railroads distinguished by color. 

Signed in ms.: "Alfred H. Brooks." 

Hawaii 

199 
Lyons, C. L. Hawaiian Government Survey. 
W. D. Alexander, Surveyor General. Oahu, 
Hawaiian Islands. Map by C. J. Lyons, from 
trigonometric surveys by W. D. Alexander, C. J. 
Lyons, J. F. Brown, M. D. Monsarrat and Wm. 
Webster. Finished map by Richd. Covington. 
1881. col. 1:60,000. 100X134 cm. 

Below title in red ink: "The line of the Oahu 
Railway, Dec. 31st, 1898." 

Topographic map of Oahu showing relief by 
hachures, drainage, soundings in fathoms, cities and 
towns, and land owners names. The line of the 
Oahu Railway added in red ink. 

Idaho 

200 
Burr, David H. Map of Georgia & Alabama 
exhibiting the post offices, post roads, canals, 
rail roads &c. By David H. Burr. (Late topo- 
grapher to the Post Office.) Geographer to the 
House of Representatives of the U.S. [London, 
John Arrowsmith, 1839] col. Scale ca. 1:650,000. 
91X124 cm. 

From his The American Atlas (London, J. Arrow- 
smith, 1839). 

Detailed map showing relief by hachures. 



46 



INDIVIDUAL STATES 



drainage, township and county boundaries, cities 
and towns, canals, roads, and railroads. 

201 
Cram, George F. Cram's township and railroad 
map of Idaho. Chicago, 1896. col. Scale 1 :300,000. 
50X40 cm. 

Indexed township and county map showing 
relief by hachures, drainage, and cities and 
towns. Railroads are distinguished by color. 

Illinois 

202 
Ensign, Bridgman & Fanning. Rail road and 
county map of Illinois showing its internal im- 
provements 1854. Printed by D. McLellan. 
New York, Ensign, Bridgman & Fanning. 1854. 
Scale ca. 1 : 1,200,000. 86X66 cm. 

Detailed map indicating drainage, place names, 
roads and railroads. Text, including a list of 
Illinois railroads and their connections, appears 
on both sides and bottom of the map. 

Insets: Chicago. 20X12 cm.— St. Louis. 20X12 
cm. 

203 
Cooke (D. B.) & Co. D. B. Cooke & Co's 
railway guide for Illinois showing all the stations 
with their respective distances connecting with 
Chicago. Chicago, 1855. col. Scale ca. 1:850,000. 
69X53 cm. G4101.P3 1855.C6 

Outline map showing "R. R. in operation" and 
"R. R. in Progress." 

Inset: Rail-road connections. 15X17 cm. 

204 
Colton, George Woolworth. G. Woolworth 
Colton's railroad map of Illinois. New York, 
1861. Scale 1:1,267,200. 52X32 cm. 

Township map showing place names, counties, 
and the railroad system. At bottom of the map 
appear statements about the economic conditions 
of the state and its railroads. 

205 
Richter, Leopold. Sectional map of the state of 
Illinois especially exhibiting the exact boundaries 
of counties as established by law and the general 
topography of the state as towns, streams, lakes, 
ponds, bluffs, rail-roads, state-& common-roads 
&tc. also the main coal field, mineral districts, 
outcrops of coalbanks, mines &tc. compiled & 
drawn from the government — state — geological — 
topographical and many other most authentic 
documents by Leopold Richter, State Topo- 
grapher, Springfield, 111: 1861. Engraved on stone 
and printed by Leopold Gast, Brother & Co. 



St. Louis, Mo. Published and sold by L. Richter 
and L Gast, Bro. & Co., Springfield, 111. St. 
Louis Mo. col. Scale 1:380,160. 2 parts, each 
163X53 cm. 

Detailed map showing relief by hachures, 
drainage, minerals, township and county bound- 
aries, cities and towns, roads, and railroads. 

206 
Galbraith, Frank H. Galbraith's railway mail 
service maps. Illinois. Chicago, McEwen Map 
Co., 1897. cl898. col. ms. Scale not given. 8 
sheets, each 61x71 cm. 

For description see his map of Indiana, entry 
215. 

Inset: Cook Co. 66X54 cm. 

LC has another edition in 8 sheets. 

207 
Rand McNally and Company. Railroad map of 
Illinois prepared under the direction of, and pre- 
sented by, Cicero J. Lindly, Chas. S. Rannells, 
and Jos. E. Bidwell, railroad and warehouse 
commissioners. April 1, 1898. Chicago, 1898. 
col Scale ca. 1 : 900,000. 78X48 cm. 

Shows drainage, cities and towns, and the rail- 
road network coded by color. 

Inset: Map of Chicago showing railroad system. 
34X20 cm. 

Indiana 

208 
Morris, Thomas A. Railroad map of Indiana. 
By Col. Thomas A. Morris, Civil Engineer, 
Geo. E. Leefe, New York, 1850. col. Scale ca. 
1:1,000,000. 52X42 cm. 

Contains an index of 15 railroads keyed to the 
rail lines on the map. 

Shows counties and county seats. A projected 
railroad is shown between Crawfordville and 
Bedford. 

Similar to 1 852 edition but does not indicate the 
Whitewater Canal. 

209 
King, S. D. Map of the state of Indiana compiled 
from the United States surveys by S. D. King, 
Washington City. Exhibiting the sections & 
fractional sections; the situation & boundaries of 
counties; the location of cities villages & post 
offices canals, rail roads and other internal im- 
provements, carefully laid down. J. H. Colton, 
New York, 1852. Scale ca. 1 : 320,000. 6 parts, each 
53X59 cm. 

Detailed map showing drainage, cities and 
towns, townships, counties, canals, roads, and 
railroads. 



Illinois — Iowa 



47 



Insets: Michigan City. — LaFayette. — Logans- 
port & West Logan. — Terre Haute. — Indian- 
apolis. — Madison. — Fort Wayne. — New Albany. — 
Jeffersonville, Louisville and the Falls of the 
Ohio. — Evansville and Lamasco City. — Lawrence- 
burgh. — Vincennes. — City of Richmond. — South 
Bend. All no larger than 19X20 cm. 

210 

Morris, Thomas A. Railroad map of Indiana. 
New York, Geo. E. Leefe, 1852. col. Scale ca. 
1:1,000,000. 52X42 cm. 

From John Brough, A Brief History of the Madison 
and Indianapolis Rail-Road . . . (New York, Van 
Norden & Amerman, 1852). 

Contains an index of 15 railroads keyed to the 
rail lines on the map. 

Shows counties and county seats. A projected 
railroad is shown between Crawfordville and 
Gosport, and from Bloomington to Bedford. The 
"Eastern Line of Coal Formation" is shown. 



211 

Johnson, Alvin Jewett. Johnson's map of Indiana 
showing the rail roads and townships compiled 
from the latest & best authorities. Published by 
A. J. Johnson, New York and P. Wvckoff. Chicago. 
1858. col. Scale ca. 1 : 675,000. 89X58 cm. 

Shows drainage, cities and towns, townships, 
and the railroad network. 



212 
Colton, Joseph Hutchins. Colton's map of the 
state of Indiana compiled from the United States 
surveys & other authentic sources, exhibiting 
sections, fractional sections, railroads, canals &c. 
New York, J. H. Colton, 1860. Scale ca. 1 : 500,000. 
102X74 cm. 

Detailed map showing drainage, cities and 
towns, township and county boundaries, canals and 
railroads. 



213 

Cram, George F. Cram's township and rail road 
map of Indiana. Chicago, 1888. col. Scale ca. 
1:850,000. 57X41 cm. 

Indexed township and county map showing 
relief by hachures, drainage and cities and towns. 
Railroads are distinguished by color. 

214 

Indiana. Slate Board of Tax Commissioners. Rail- 
road map of Indiana. Indianapolis, Wm. B. 
Burford, Lith., [1896?] col. Scale 1:570,240. 
86X56 cm. 

Detailed township and county map distinguish- 



ing railroads by color and name. Includes a list of 
railroads in left margin, coded by color. 

215 
Galbraith, Frank H. Galbraith's railway mail 
service maps. Indiana. Chicago, McEwen Map 
Co., 1897. cl898. col. ms. Scale not given. 4 
sheets, each 106X70 cm. 

One of eight large-scale pictorial maps of mid- 
western states showing routes and post offices of 
the Railway Mail Service. Designed by Chicago 
railway mail clerk Frank H. Galbraith to help 
employees of the Railway Mail Service quickly 
locate counties and post offices. The maps were 
rented for practicing or prospective workers who 
numbered over 6,000 and traveled over a million 
miles a year on the rails sorting mail. A printed 
title cartouche accompanied by a list of counties 
for each of the states by McEwen Map Company 
of Chicago is pasted on the maps. 

LC also has copy in 8 sheets, each 54X71 cm. 

For published maps showing the routes of the 
mail service see entries 283 and 313. 

Iowa 

216 
Carleton, Guy H. Sectional map of the state of 
Iowa compiled from the United States surveys also 
exhibiting the internal improvements, distances 
between towns & villages, lines of projected rail 
roads &c. &c. Drawn and published by Guy H. 
Carleton, Dep. Sur. U.S. Dubuque, Iowa. 1850. 
1:570,240. 4 parts, each. 35X54 cm. 

Detailed township and county map showing 
drainage, cities and towns, roads, and railroads. 
LC also has 1854 edition. 

217 
Mendenhall, Edward. Map of Iowa exhibiting 
the townships, cities, villages post offices, rail- 
roads, common roads & other improvements. 
Cincinnati, Middleton, Wallace & Co., Lith., 
1855. Scale 1:1,250,000. 37 X 54 cm. 

Listed in R. S. Ladd's Maps Showing Explorers' 
Routes . . . (Washington, Govt, print, off., 1962), 
143. 



218 
Parker, Nathan H. Parker's sectional & geo- 
logical map of Iowa exhibiting her iron, lead, 
copper, coal and other geological resources and 
all rail roads completed, in progress, and projected 
compiled from the U.S. surveys and personal 
reconnoisance. By Nathan H. Parker author of 
"Iowa As It Is" Clinton lo. 1856. New York, 
J. H. Colton & Co.; Chicago, D. B. Cooke & 
Co., 1856. col. Scale 1:506,880. 82X120 cm. 



48 



INDIVIDUAL STATES 



Names of railroads are listed at lower left of map. 

Inset: Map showing the connections between the 
Iowa and eastern railroads. 23X20 cm. 

LC also has another edition by "A. M. Bailey 
draughtsman," 1856 which includes advertise- 
ments below inset and at left of title. 

219 
Iowa. Railroad Commissioners. Railroad map of 
Iowa. Des Moines, Western Litho. Co., 1881. 
col. Scale ca. 1:750,000. 56X87 cm. 

Township and county map showing drainage, 
cities and towns. Railroads are distinguished by 
color and name. 

220 
Galbraith, Frank H. Galbraith's railway mail 
service maps. Iowa. Chicago, McEwen Map Co., 
1897. cl898. col. ms. Scale not given. 8 sheets, 
each 70X54 cm. 

For description see his map of Indiana, entry 
215. 

LC has another copy in 8 sheets. 



223 
Galbraith, Frank H. Galbraith's railway mail 
service maps. Kansas. Chicago, McEwen Map 
Co., 1897. cl898. col. ms. Scale not given. 8 
sheets, each 71X57 cm. 

For description see his map of Indiana, entry 
215. 

LC has another copy in 8 sheets. 

Kentucky 

224 
Burr, David H. Map of Kentucky & Tennessee 
exhibiting the post offices, post roads, canals, 
rail roads, &c. By David H. Burr. (Late topo- 
grapher to the Post Office.) Geographer to the 
House of Representatives of the U.S. [London, 
J. Arrowsmith, 1839] col. Scale ca. 1:650,000. 
81X124 cm. 

From his The American Atlas (London, J. Arrow- 
smith, 1839). 

Detailed map showing relief by hachures, 
drainage, township and county boundaries, cities 
and towns, canals, roads, and railroads. 



Kansas 

221 
Du Bois, Charles. A new sectional map of the 
state of Kansas showing the route of the Union 
Pacific Railway — E. D. to Denver City, Col. 
and complete system of projected rail roads. In- 
formation compiled & collected from departments 
of the government at Washington, D.C. and other 
authentic sources by W. J. Keeler, C. E. 1867. 
Washington, D.C, Joseph F. Gedney, 1867. 
col. Scale 1:253,440. 116X164 cm. 

Detailed township and county map showing 
drainage. Relief by hachures, salt marshes, and 
minerals in inset only. Includes Indian reserva- 
tions, roads and railroads, and the land grants of 
the Union Pacific in Kansas. Lists projected 
railroads. 

Inset: Proposed extension of the Union Pacific 
Rail Road — E. D. to Denver City, Colorado. 
35X59 cm. 

222 
U.S. General Land Office. State of Kansas. 
1884. Compiled from the official records of the 
General Land Office and other sources under 
supervision of G. P. Strum, Principal Draughts- 
man. Photo, lith & print by Julius Bien & Co. 
N. Y. 1884. [Washington, 1884] col. Scale 
1:950,400. 56X77 cm. 

Township map showing drainage, cities and 
towns, Indian and military reservations, railroads, 
and the limit of grants. 



225 

Lloyd, James T. Lloyd's official map of the 
state of Kentucky compiled from actual surveys 
and official documents, showing every rail road 
& rail road station with the distances between each 
station. Also the counties and county seats, cities, 
towns, villages, post offices, wagon roads, canals, 
forts, fortifications &c. 1863. cl862. New York, 
J. T. Lloyd, 1863. col. Scale 1:512,500. 78X113 
cm. 

Detailed township and county map showing 
relief by hachures, drainage, coal and iron mines, 
salt works, canals, roads, and the railroad network. 

226 
Hoeining, J. B. Preliminary map of Kentucky 
1891. Prepared for the Kentucky railroad com- 
missioners by the Kentucky Geological Survey, 
John R. Procter, Director. New York, Julius Bien 
& Co., 1889. 65X118 cm. 

Detailed map showing relief by hachures, 
drainage, cities and towns. Indicates in colors 
railroads completed to 1890. 

Note: "Railroads having but a single line are 
shown in black lines." — "Compiled from the maps 
of Kentucky and U.S. Geological Surveys and 
various railroad, river and county surveys." 

Louisiana 

227 
Colton, Joseph Hutchins. J. H. Colton's map 
of the state of Louisiana and eastern part of 



Kansas— Michigan 



49 



Texas compiled from United States Surveys, and 
other authentic sources, showing the counties, 
townships, sections. Fractional sections, settle- 
ment rights, railroads, &c. New York, 1863. 
Scale 1 : 633,600. 91 X 1 10 cm. 

Shows drainage, cities and towns, township and 
county boundaries, and the railroad network. 

228 
Rand McNally and Company. Louisiana. 
Chicago, 1896. cl895. col. Scale 1:1,013,760. 
48X70 cm. 

Indexed map showing drainage, cities and towns, 
with the railroad network overprinted in red. 
Inset: Vicinity of New Orleans. 14X23 cm. 

Maine 

229 
Allen, William A. Map of the railroads of the 
state of Maine accompanying the report of the 
railroad commissioners. 1899. Augusta, Me., 
Burleigh & Flynt, 1899. cl891. col. Scale 
1:633,600. 85X76 cm. 

Shows drainage, townships, counties, cities and 
towns, railroads with names, and a list of "Street 
railroads in Maine." 



Maryland 

230 
Gray, Frank Arnold. New railroad map of the 
state of Maryland, Delaware, and the District of 
Columbia. Compiled and drawn by Frank Arnold 
Gray. Philadelphia, O. W. Gray & Son, 1876. 
col. Scale 1:633,600. 39X62 cm. 

Shows drainage, canals, stations, cities and 
towns, counties, canals, roads completed, narrow 
gauge and proposed railroads with names of lines. 
Includes list of railroads. 

231 
Edward Weber & Co. Map showing the con- 
nection of the coal-field of Allegany with the 
canal and rail-road improvements of the Potomac. 
[184-] Scale ca. 1:330,000. 23X41 cm. 

Outline map of western Maryland showing 
drainage, major roads, cities, and the Baltimore 
and Ohio Railroad and Canal. A shaded area 
indicates the coal field. 

Massachusetts 

232 
Browne, D. Jasper. Plan and geological section 
of a rail-road route from Old Ferry Wharf, 
Chelsea to Beverly. Surveyed under the direction of 
Hon. Thos. H. Perkins and others by D. Jasp. 



Browne, engineer. [Boston] Pendleton's Litho- 
graphy, 1836. col. Scale 1:16,300. 30X160 cm. 

G3761 .P3 1836 .B7 

Topographical strip map of part of Massachusetts 
showing relief by hachures, drainage, property 
owners names, roads, and the lines of survey. 
Includes geological cross-section profile. 

233 
Bouv6, Elisha W. Map of rail road surveys from 
Worcester to Baldwinville & N. H. line. [1845] 
Scale ca. 1:180,000. 44X40 cm. 

Map of northern half of Worcester County, 
Mass., showing drainage, cities, and townships. 
Shows beginning of survey north of Worcester 
and the survey for part of the Winchendon branch 
of the Fitchburg Railroad. 

234 
Lewis, Alonzo. Plan of railroads north and east 
of Boston, with the projected railroads from 
Danvers, Georgetown & Gloucester. Showing the 
situation of the towns & villages, their distance 
from Boston & number of inhabitants. Lith. of 
E. W. Bouv6, Boston. [1850] Scale ca. 1:160,000. 
37X45 cm. 

Outline map, oriented to the west, of the area 
north of Boston showing the rail network. 

235 

Williams (A.) & Co. Rail road & township map 
of Massachusetts published at the Boston Map 
Store, 1879. Boston, 1879. col. Scale ca. 1 : 400,000. 
54X82 cm. 

County and township map showing drainage, 
cities and towns, distances between post stations, 
post routes, and the railroad network with named 
lines. 

236 
Walker (Geo. H.) & Co. Map of the electric 
railways of the state of Massachusetts accompany- 
ing the report of the railroad commissioners. 1899. 
[Boston, 1899] col. Scale ca. 1:250,000. 66X97 
cm. 

Outline map showing drainage townships, cities 
and towns, street railways in red, and steam rail- 
ways in black. Includes names of lines. 

Michigan 

237 
[Doggett, John. Jr.] Railroads in Michigan, 
with steamboat routes on the Great Lakes. Drawn 
and engraved for Doggett 's railroad guide & 
gazetteer. Entered according to Act of Congress, 
in the year 1 848. Scale ca. 1 : 3,500,000. 15X23 cm. 



50 



INDIVIDUAL STATES 



From Doggetfs Railroad Guide (1848). 
Shows main line from Detroit to Kalamazoo and 
from Munroe to Hillsdale. 

238 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Rail- 
road map of Michigan prepared for the com- 
missioner of railroads. Philadelphia, O. W. 
Gray & Son, 1876. cl874. col. Scale 1:1,267,200. 
59X42 cm. 

Shows drainage, cities and towns, and railroads 
in color. 

239 

Cram & Stebbins. Official map of Michigan, 
railroad, township and sectional, prepared under 
the direction of the commissioner of railroads. 
Chicago, 1885. col. Scale 1 : 633,600. 1 10 X 103 cm. 

Detailed state map including drainage, cities and 
towns, and the railroad network. Census informa- 
tion, with miles of line by county, at left margin of 
map. 

LC also has 1889 edition. 

240 
Galbraith, Frank H. Galbraith's railway mail 
service maps. Michigan. Chicago, McEwen Map 
Co., 1897. cl898. col. ms. Scale not given. 4 
sheets, each 95X70 cm. 

For description see his map of Indiana, entry 
215. 

LC has another copy in 4 sheets. 

Minnesota 

241 
Reed, A. J. Township and railroad map of 
Minnesota published for the Legislative Manual. 
1874. col. Scale ca. 1:700,000. 50X44 cm. 

Detailed map showing relief by hachures, 
drainage, cities and towns, township and county 
boundaries, and the railroad network. 

242 

Galbraith, Frank H. Galbraith's railway mail 
service maps. Minnesota. Chicago, McEwen 
Map Co., 1897. cl898. col. ms. Scale not given. 
8 sheets, each 50X71 cm. 

For description see his map of Indiana, entry 
215. 

LC has another copy in 4 sheets. 

Mississippi 

243 
Rand McNally and Company. Railroad com- 
missioner's map of Mississippi. Chicago, 1888. 
col. Scale ca. 1:1,150,000. 52X32 cm. 



Shows drainage, cities and towns, township and 
county boundaries, and the railroad network with 
color coding. 

LC also has an 1898 edition. 

Missouri 

244 
Asher & Adams. [New commercial and topo- 
graphical rail road map & guide of Missouri.] 
New York, 1872. col. Scale 1:1,267,200. 40X56 
cm. 

Accompanied by descriptive index. 

Shows drainage, relief by hachures, cities and 
towns, township and county boundaries, and the 
railroad network with names of lines and distances 
between stations. 

245 
Higgins & Co. Commissioners official railway 
map of Missouri. Completed to January 1st 
1888. Copyright 1887 by R. T. Higgins. St. 
Louis, L. B. Bozzola, 1888. col. Scale ca. 1 : 150,000. 
47X53 cm. 

Shows relief by hachures, drainage, names river 
valleys, indicates cities and towns, county bound- 
aries, and the railroad network by distinguishing 
colors. 

LC also has 1898 edition measuring 71 X83 cm. 

246 
Galbraith, Frank H. Galbraith's railway mail 
service maps. Missouri. Chicago, McEwen Map 
Co., 1897. cl898. Hand colored gelatin transfer. 
Scale not given. 180X240 cm. 

For description see his map of Indiana, entry 
215. 

Inset: Environs of St. Louis. 30X44 cm. 

LC has another copy in 8 sheets, each 100X60 



Montana 

247 
Rand McNally and Company. Indexed county 
map of Montana with a new and original com- 
pilation and index, designating all post office 
towns and railroad stations. Chicago, 1881. 
col. Scale ca. 1:2,000,000. 33X50 cm. 

Shows relief by hachures, drainage, counties, 
cities and towns, roads, and railroads with names. 
Title from cover. 



Nebraska 

248 
Asher & Adams. [New commercial and topo- 
graphical rail road map & guide of Nebraska.] 



Minnesota— New Mexico 



SI 



New York, 1874. col. Scale 1:1,267,200. 39X58 
cm. 

Accompanied by descriptive index. 

Shows drainage, relief by hachures, cities and 
towns, township and county boundaries, and the 
railroad network with names of lines and distances 
between stations. 

249 
Hirschfield, F. Map of Nebraska published by 
the Burlington Route 1886. Compiled from the 
official records of the government and rail road 
offices. Omaha, Burlington Route, 1886. col. 
Scale 1:760,320. 57X101 cm. 

Township and county map showing drainage, 
cities and towns, Indian and military reservations, 
land districts, and the railroad network with 
names along the lines. 

250 
Alt, W. W. Railway map of Nebraska issued by 
State Board of Transportation 1889. Wahoo, 
Nebraska, 1889. Scale 1:1,000,000. 42X76 cm. 

Shows drainage, township and county bound- 
aries, cities & towns, and the railroad network 
with names of lines and distances between stations. 

251 
Cram, George F. Cram's rail road and township 
map of Nebraska published by Geo. F. Cram. 
Proprietor of the Western Map Depot, Chicago, 
Illinois. 1889. Chicago, 1889. cl878. col. Scale ca. 
1:1,000,000. 41X54 cm. 

Indexed township and county map showing 
relief by hachures, drainage, and cities and towns. 
Railroads are distinguished by color. 

252 
Galbraith, Frank H. Galbraith's railway mail 
service maps. Nebraska. Chicago, McEwen Map 
Co., 1897. cl898. col. ms. Scale not given. 130X198 
cm. 

For description see his map of Indiana, entry 
215. 

LC has another copy in 8 sheets, each 70X51 
cm. 

Nevada 

253 
Rand McNally and Company. Indexed county 
and township pocket map and shippers guide of 
Nevada. Accompanied by a new and original 
compilation and ready reference index, showing in 
detail the entire railroad network. Chicago, 1893. 
col. Scale ca. 1:750,000. 50X31 cm. 

Shows relief by hachures. drainage, counties, 



township lines, Indian reservations, roads, and 
railroads with names. Title from cover. 



New Hampshire 

254 
New Hamsphire. Railroad Commissioners. Rail- 
road map of New Hampshire accompanying re- 
port of the railroad commissioners. 1894. Boston, 
Rand, Avery Supply Co., 1894. col. Scale ca. 
1:750,000. 52X40 cm. 

Township and county map showing relief by 
hachures, cities and towns, and the railroad net- 
work distinguished by color and name. 

New Jersey 

255 
Burr, David H. Map of New Jersey and Pennsyl- 
vania exhibiting the post offices, post roads, 
canals, rail roads, &c. By David H. Burr. (Late 
topographer to the Post Office.) Geographer to 
the House of Representatives of the U.S. [London, 
John Arrowsmith, 1839] col. Scale ca. 1:650,000. 
91X124 cm. G3810 1839 .B8 

From his The American Atlas (London, J. Arrow- 
smith, 1839). 

Detailed map showing relief by hachures, 
drainage, township and county boundaries, cities 
and towns, canals, roads, and railroads. 

256 
Anderson, J. A. Map of the rail roads of New 
Jersey, and parts of adjoining states. cl869. 
col. Scale 1:506,880. 55X36 cm. 

"Distances between stations in miles and 
tenths." 

Outline map showing drainage, counties, sta- 
tions, and the railroad network in red. 

LC has other editions dated 1870, 1872, and 
1876. The 1876 edition is a gift of Mr. Howard 
Welsh of Summit, N.J., May 1972. 

257 
Van Cleef, John T. and J. Brognard Betts. Map 
of the rail roads of New Jersey 1887. New York, 
H. A. Thomas & Wylie Lith., [1887] col. Scale 
1:285,120. 104X70 cm. 

Township and county map showing drainage, 
cities and towns, and the railroad system with 
names. A table of railroads by system is in the 
lower right of map. 

New Mexico 

258 
Rand McNally and Company. Indexed map of 
New Mexico showing stage lines, counties, lakes & 



52 



INDIVIDUAL STATES 



rivers. Chicago, 1879. col. Scale ca. 1:2,000,000. 
50X31 cm. 

Shows relief by hachures, drainage, counties, 
cities and towns, roads, trails, and proposed or 
surveyed railroad lines. Title from cover. 



New York 

259 
Burr, David H. Map of New York exhibiting the 
post offices, post roads, canals, rail roads &c. 
By David H. Burr. (Late topographer to the Post 
Office.) Geographer to the House of Representa- 
tives of the U.S. [London, John Arrowsmith, 
1839] col. Scale ca. 1:650,000. 91X124 cm. 

From his The American Atlas (London, J. Arrows- 
smith, 1839). 

Detailed map showing relief by hachures, drain- 
age, township and county boundaries, cities and 
towns, canals, roads, and railroads. 

Inset: City and county of New- York, Brooklyn, 
Williamsburg & Jersey City. 71X24 cm. 

260 
Williams, Levi. Map of the rail roads, from Rome 
to Albany and Troy. By one of the engineers who 
assisted in constructing. Prepared from actual 
survev. Engraved bv C. Coplev, N. York, 1845. 
col. Scale ca. 1:180,000. 14X115 cm. 

Accompanied by a pamphlet entitled Map of 
the Railroads Jrom Rome to Albany and Troy; with 
Explanatory Remarks and Sketches oj the History, 
Geology, and Present Condition of the Mohawk Valley. 
By Levi Williams, Civil Engineer. 1846. 

Detailed map of the Mohawk Valley from Troy 
to Rome showing drainage, relief by hachures, 
towns, and villages. 

261 
Vaughan, David. Map of the state of New- York 
showing its water and rail road lines. Jan. 1855. 
By direction of John T. Clark State Engineer & 
Surveyor. C. \'an Benthuysen, printer to the 
legislature. [Albany, 1855] col. Scale ca. 
1:1,000,000. 51X66 cm. 

Map of New York and parts of adjacent states 
showing drainage, relief by hachures, county 
boundaries, cities and towns. Different colors 
indicate railroads in operation, in progress of 
construction, and proposed. 

262 
Vaughan, David. Map of the rail-roads of the 
state of New York prepared under the direction of 
the Rail Road Commissioners, John S. Clark, 
William J. McAlpine, James B. Swain. 1856. 
Charles Tiede, lith. Lith of C. Van Benthuysen, 



Albany, New York. col. Scale ca. 1:1,000,000. 
56X74 cm. 

Map of New York and parts of adjacent states 
showing drainage, relief by hachures, county 
boundaries, cities and towns. Different colors in- 
dicate railroads in operation, in progress of con- 
struction and proposed. 

263 
Vaughan, David. Map of the rail-roads of the 
state of New York prepared under the direction 
of Silas Seymour, state engineer and surveyor. 
1857. Charles Tiede, lith. Lith of C. Van 
Benthuysen, Albany, New York. col. Scale ca. 
1:1,000,000. 56X74 cm. 

Map of New York and parts of adjacent states 
showing drainage, relief by hachures, county 
boundaries, cities and towns. Different colors 
indicate railroads in operation, in progress of con- 
struction, and proposed. 

264 
Petingale, Thomas. Map of the rail roads of the 
state of New York showing the stations, distances 
& connections with other roads. Thos. Petingale, 
L. P. Behn. Lith. by J. Sage & Sons, Buffalo, 
N.Y. Buffalo, N.Y.,' Petingale & Behn, 1858. 
col. Scale ca. 1:1,000,000. 60X73 cm. 

Outside the neat line are lists of distances ar- 
ranged by individual railroad companies. "Con- 
nections with other roads" are listed across bottom 
of map. 

265 
Vaughan, David. Map of the rail-roads of the 
state of New York prepared under the direction of 
Van Rensselaer Richmond, state engineer and 
surveyor. Geo. R. Perkins, Dep. State Engineer & 
Surveyor. 1861. Lith of Weed, Parsons & Co., 
Albany, N.Y. col. Scale ca. 1:1,000,000. 56X74 
cm. 

Map of New York and parts of adjacent states 
showing drainage, relief by hachures, county 
boundaries, cities and towns. Different colors in- 
dicate railroads in operation, in progress of con- 
struction, and proposed. 

266 
Richmond, \'an R. and S. H. Sweet. Map of the 
rail roads of the state of New York. 1870. Scale 
ca. 1:1 ,000,000. 6 1 X 76 cm. 

Lists "length of rail roads in operation (operated 
by steam)." 

Shows drainage, cities and towns, county bound- 
aries, canals, railroads in progress, proposed, and 
in operation. Shows connection with mineral areas 
in northern Pennsylvania. 



New York— North Dakota 



53 



267 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Colton's 
new township railroad map of New York with 
parts of adjoining states & Canada. New York, 
1883. cl875. col. Scale ca. 1:570,000. 92X103 
cm. 

Detailed map showing drainage, cities and 
towns, internal boundaries, distances between 
stations and the railroad network. 

Insets: Miniature rail road map of the vicinity 
of New York. 28X22 cm. — The eastern portion of 
Long Island. 16X25 cm. 

268 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map of 
New York City, Brooklyn, and vicinity showing 
surface & elevated railroads in operation and 
proposed. New York, 1885. col. Scale ca. 1 : 30,000. 
68X45 cm. 

Shows relief by hachures, drainage, parks, some 
buildings, names of property owners, streets, roads, 
and the railroads distinguished by line symbols. 

269 
Cram, George F. Cram's township and rail road 
map of New York. Chicago, 1888. Scale ca. 
1:1,000,000. 41X57 cm. 

Indexed township and county map showing 
relief by hachures, drainage, and cities and towns. 
Railroad lines are identified by initials. 

270 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Rail- 
road map of the state of New York to accompany 
the twelfth annual report of the Board of Rail- 
road Commissioners of the State of New York. 
1894. James B. Lvon, Albanv, N.Y. State Printer. 
New York, G. W. & C. B. Colton & Co., 1894. 
col. Scale not given. 85X94 cm. 

Shows drainage, cities and towns, distances, 
and named railroads. 

Insets: Minature rail road map of the vicinity of 
New York. 28X20 cm. — The western portion of 
Long Island. 17X23 cm. 

LC also has 1899 edition, for 17th annual 
report, cl900 by Colton, Ohman & Co. 

271 
Bridgman, E. C. Bridgman's new rail road & 
township map of New York from the latest official 
& other authentic sources adapted for use in in- 
stitutions of learning, business offices & libraries. 
New York, 1896. col. Scale 1:320,000. 6 sheets, 
each 84X62 cm. 

Shows drainage, post offices, county seats, cities 
and towns, county and township boundaries, 
railroads and canals. Includes list of counties and 



statistical data, and a view of the state capitol. 
Insets: Four maps of New York showing con- 
gressional districts, geologv, relief, and climate, 
each 26X34 cm. 

272 
Tunison, E. L. Tunison's railroad, distance, and 
township map of New York from latest surveys. 
Brooklyn, N.Y., 1898. col. Scale ca. 1:640,000. 
105X85 cm. 

Detailed map showing relief by hachures, 
drainage, cities and towns, counties, and the rail- 
road network. Includes a directory of business 
firms below the map and a list of counties in upper 
left of map. 

Inset: [View of New York vicinity] 13X30 cm. 



North Carolina 

273 
Burr, David H. Map of North and South 
Carolina exhibiting the post offices post roads, 
canals, rail roads &c. By David H. Burr. (Late 
topographer to the Post Office.) Geographer to the 
House of Representatives of the U.S. [London, 
John Arrowsmith, 1839] col. Scale ca. 1:650,000. 
91X124 cm. 

From his The American Atlas (London, J. Arrow- 
smith, 1839). 

Detailed map showing relief by hachures, 
drainage, township and county boundaries, cities 
and towns, canals, roads, and railroads. 

274 
Brown, H. C. Railroad map of North Carolina. 
1900. Examined and authorized by the North 
Carolina corporation commission. Chicago, Rand 
McNally & Co., cl900. col. Scale 1:601,920. 
57X139 cm. 

Includes relief by hachures, drainage, cities and 
towns, and the railroad network. 

In lower left: List of "Mileage and Terminals." 
Printed on tracing cloth. 



North Dakota 

275 
Rand McNally and Company. Official railroad 
map of Dakota issued by the railroad com- 
missioners, November 1st, 1886. Chicago, 1886. 
Scale ca. 1:1,100,000. 70X57 cm. 

From Second Annual Report oj the Board oj Railroad 
Commissioners of the Territory of Dakota (Grand 
Forks, Dakota, 1886). (HE2709.D2) 

Shows relief by hachures, drainage, cities and 
towns, township and county boundaries, Indians, 
and the railroads with lines named. 



54 



INDIVIDUAL STATES 



276 
Higbee, E. F. Sectional map of the state of North 
Dakota pubHshed by authority of the commissioners 
of railroads under the direction of the governor. 
Drawn and compiled from official maps of the 
General Land Office and other authentic sources. 
1892. col. Scale 1:443,520. 90X141 cm. 

Township and county map showing relief by 
hachures, drainage, cities and towns, military and 
Indian reservations, and the operating and pro- 
posed railroads with names along the lines. 

Ohio 

277 
Colton, Joseph Hutchins. Colton's railroad & 
township map ofthe state of Ohio. New York, G. W. 
& C. B. Colton & Co., 1851. col. Scale ca. 
1:750,000. 63X72 cm. 

Shows drainage, cities and towns, township and 
county boundaries, and the railroad network. 

278 
Cramer, Charles. Map of the rail road surveys 
between Hillsborough & Chillicothe. Executed in 
February, March & April 1851. Under the direc- 
tion of B. H. Latrobe Esqr. Civil Engineer by 
Ellwood Morris, C. E. Drawn bv Charles Cramer. 
Cin[cinnati] Onken's Lith. [1851] Scale 1:63,360. 
46X98 cm. G4081 .P3 1851 .M6 

Map of part of Ohio indicating the located and 
explored railroad lines along the Milford and 
Chillicothe Turnpike. Shows "Air lines computed 
by C. D. Jaques Esqr. C. E. from Hillsborough to 
Chillicothe." 

279 
Colton, George W. Colton's railroad & township 
map of the state of Ohio. Drawn by George W. 
Colton. Engraved bv J. M. Atwood. New York, 
J. H. Colton, 1854. col. Scale ca. 1:750,000. 
63X74 cm. 

Detailed map showing drainage, railroads under 
construction and completed, canals, post roads, 
towns, townships, villages, post offices, and county 
boundaries. 

At right of map is a population "Census of the 
State of Ohio" by cities for 1840 and 1850. 

LC also has 1856 and 1859 editions. 



LC also has 1870 edition measuring 92X84 cm., 
which includes a list of railroad stations and 
distances. 

281 
Bridgman, E. C. Bridgman's new reversible 
railroad distance and township map of Ohio and 
the United States compiled from the most authentic 
sources. New York, 1873. col. Scale 1:567,500. 
90X81 cm. 

Detailed map of Ohio including drainage, relief 
by hachures, cities and towns, and the railroad 
network with named lines. 

On the verso: "Reduced map of the United 
States with its territories . . . Colored." Scale 
1:6,000,000. 86X80 cm. Includes a railroad 
directory. 

282 
Gray, O. VV. Rail road map of Ohio 1873. 
Philadelphia, 1873. col. Scale ca. 1:970,000. 
40X52 cm. 

Shows drainage, iron ore and coal fields, 
counties, cities and towns, canals, and completed 
and proposed railroads with names along the lines. 

283 
Nicholson, W. L. Railway postal diagram of the 
state of Ohio prepared for the use of the Railway 
Mail Service by W. L. Nicholson, Topographer 
of the Post Office Dept. 1882. col. Scale ca. 
1:600,000. 81X64 cm. 

"The railroads and post offices are shown as at 
the date of June 15th 1882." 

Map shows county boundaries, cities and towns, 
and the railroad network with names of lines along 
the railroads. 



284 
Sabine, H. New rail road map of Ohio prepared 
by H. Sabine, Commissioner of Rail Roads & 
Telegraphs. Wapakoneta, Ohio, R. Sutton, 1882. 
col. Scale ca. 1:760,000. 53X71 cm. 

Shows drainage, cities and towns, counties with 
population figures, and railroads with distances. 
Includes list of counties and towns. 

LC also has 1883 edition. 



280 
Ensign, Bridgman & Fanning. Railroad & town- 
ship map of Ohio. New York, 1854. cl851. col. 
Scale ca. 1:580,000. 81X71 cm. 

Detailed township map showing drainage, cities 
and towns, county and township boundaries, 
roads, and railroads. 

County population in upper left. 



285 
Cappeller, W. S. Railroad map of Ohio published 
by the State. Prepared by commissioner of rail- 
roads & telegraphs. Columbus, 1887. Scale ca. 
1:580,000. 70X69 cm. 

Shows drainage, cities and towns, county bound- 
aries, canals, distances between stations, and single- 
and double-track lines. 



Ohio— Pennsylvania 



55 



286 
Norton, J. A. Railroad map of Ohio published 
by the State. 1890. Prepared by J. A. Norton, 
commissioner of railroads & telegraphs. Copy- 
right by H. B. Stranahan. Columbus, 1890. 
Scale ca. 1 : 600,000. 70X68 cm. 

Map shows drainage, counties, cities and towns, 
canals, single and double railroad tracks, distances, 
and names of lines. 

LC also has edition copyrighted 1891 by Short 
& Forman. 

287 
Kayler, R. S. Railroad map of Ohio published 
by the state. Prepared under the direction of 
commissioner of railroads and telegraphs. Colum- 
bus, 1898. col. Scale ca 1:500,000. 82X74 cm. 

Shows counties, cities and towns, railroad net- 
work with named lines, and a list of "Railways 
operating in Ohio" and "Electric railways oper- 
ating in Ohio." 

Oklahoma 

288 
Rand McNally and Company. Map of the Indian 
and Oklahoma territories. 1894. Compiled from 
the official records of the General Land Office 
and other sources. Chicago, Rand, McNally & 
Co. map publishers, 1894. cl884. col. Scale 
1:760,320. 62X82 cm. 

Shows relief by hachures, drainage, Indian areas, 
districts, treaty dates, roads and trails, and the 
named railroads. Includes index guide. 



Oregon 

289 
Rand McNally and Company. Indexed map of 
Oregon showing the railroads in the state and the 
express company doing business over each, also, 
counties, lakes & rivers. Chicago, 1876. col. 
scale ca. 1 : 950,000. 31 X48 cm. 

Railroads are named along the line. Title from 
cover. 



Pennsylvania 

290 
Finley, Anthony. Pennsylvania. Published 
bv A. Finlev, Philada., 1829. col. Scale ca. 
1:5,600,000. 33X47 cm. 

Shows roads, canals, railroads, and proposed 
railroads. Counties are distinguished by color. 
Main mountain ridges are shown by hachures. 

Earliest general map of the state to show rail- 
roads. 



291 
Cramer, Charles. Map exhibiting that portion 
of the State of Pennsylvania traversed by the 
surveys for a continuous rail road from Harrisburg 
to Pittsburg [sic] made under the direction of 
Charles L. Schlatter, C. E. in the year 1839 and 
1840. Lithographed bv J. T. Bowen, Philadelphia, 
col. Scale 1 : 380, 160. 50X80 cm. 

G3821 .P3 1840 .C7 

Map shows drainage, relief by hachures, county 
boundaries, cities, roads, and canals. Lines of 
surveys and railroads in operation are indicated 
by different colors. 

292 
Sheafer, P. W. A map showing the rail road 
connection between Pottsville & Sunbury through 
the Schuvlkill Mahanov and Shamokin coal 
fields. July 9th 1852. P.' S. Duval Steam Lith. 
Press, Philada. col. Scale 1:84,480. 33X74 cm. 

Detailed map of the area between Schuylkill 
Haven and Northumberland, Pa., showing drain- 
age, relief by hachures, cities and towns, coal 
fields, canals, and railroads. 

293 

Kollner, A. Route of a proposed railroad from 
Powelton, West Philada. to the Philada. Gas 
Works and thence to the river Delaware; surveyed 
by the engineer of the Pennsvlva. Rail Road 
Co. [1856] col. Scale ca. 1:35,000. 50X42 cm. 

Outline map of Philadelphia and vicinity show- 
ing different railroad lines and depots. Below 
"Line E" on the map is the following statement. 
"Surveyed by Edw. H. Saunders, Nov. 1856." 

294 
Hoxsie, S. K. Dedicated to the city of Phila- 
delphia through the directors of the Pennsylvania 
Railroad Company. Plan No. 2. Exhibits the 
streets with the present railroads removed. The 
red lines show the proposed location of the dif- 
ferent railroads entering the citv . . . 1857-58. 
Print, bv T. Sinclair. [Philadelphia, 1858] Scale 
ca. 1:40,000. 50X44 cm. 

At lower right of map: "Directors for No. 2 of 
the Pennsylvania Railroad Company for 1859- 
60." 

Street map of Philadelphia and vicinity showing 
proposed railroads. 

295 
Duncan, Jacob M. Barringtons new and reliable 
railroad map and shippers & travellers guide of 
Pennsylvania. Engrd. by Ths. Leonhardt. Showing 
the name of every city, town and village in the 
state, with nearest rail road station. Philadelphia, 
1860. col. Scale ca. 1:1,000,000. 117x105 cm. 



56 



INDIVIDUAL STATES 



Index of place names appears to either side and 
bottom of the map. A list of "Railroads Repre- 
sented on this Map" appears below the index. 

296 
Anderson, J. A. Map of the rail roads of Pennsyl- 
vania and parts of adjoining states. cl871. Phila- 
delphia, J. L. Smith, 1871. col. Scale 1:506,880. 
72X102 cm. 

"Prepared from official data by J. A. Anderson, 
Supt. of the Belvidere Delaware Rail Road." 
Business card attached to lower right corner reads: 
"With respects of J. A. Anderson, Lambertville, 

Map shows drainage, counties, stations, and the 
railroad network in red. 

LC has an 1873 edition which includes all of 
New Jersey. 

297 
Wall, J. Sutton. Rail road map of Pennsylvania 
published by the Department of Internal Affairs 
of Pennsylvania. 1895. [Harrisburg, 1895] col. 
Scale 1:380,160. 87X141 cm. 

Detailed map showing drainage, cities and 
towns, and the railroad system distinguished by 
color. 



Rhode Island 

298 
Rand McNally and Company. Indexed map of 
Rhode Island showing the railroads in the State, 
and the express company doing business over each, 
also counties, townships, lakes, rivers, islands, etc. 
Chicago, [1875] col. Scale ca. 1:650,000. 33X24 
cm. 

Railroads are named along the lines. Title from 
cover. 



South Carolina 

299 
Tanner, Henry S. A new map of South Carolina 
with its canals, roads & distances from place to 
place along the stage & steam boat routes. Entered 
according to Act of Congress, in the year 1833, 
by H. S. Tanner. Scale ca. 1:1,400,000. 28X33 
cm. 

From his A New Universal Atlas . . . (Phila- 
delphia, 1836). For a complete description of this 
atlas see P. L. Phillips' A List of Geographical 
Atlases in the Library of Congress (Washington, 
Govt, print, off., 1909) v. 1, no. 774. 

The earliest general map to show the South 
Carolina Canal and Rail Road Company's line 
which began in Charleston, S. C. It was completed 



to Hamburg, S. C, in 1833. Its 136 miles of track 
were then the longest in the world. 

300 
Hotchkiss, Jedediah. Railroad map of South 
Carolina by Jed. Hotchkiss, T. E. Stanton, Va, 
1880. ms. Scale ca. 1:1,250,000. 31X38 cm. 
(Jedediah Hotchkiss map coll. no. 264) 

Pen-and-ink sketch showing drainage, counties, 
cities and towns, and the railroads with names 
along the lines. 

301 
Rand McNally and Company. South Carolina 
railroads. Chicago, 1900. col. Scale 1:760,320. 
50X68 cm. 

Map overprinted in red to show railroads by 
number coded to list. 



South Dakota 

302 
Rand McNally and Company. Indexed county 
and township pocket map and shippers guide of 
South Dakota. Chicago, 1892. col. Scale ca. 
1:1,150,000. 40X57 cm. 

Shows relief by hachures, drainage, counties, 
township lines, cities and towns, Indian and 
military reservations, area "opened for settlement 
by treaty of 1889," and the railroad network with 
named lines. Title from cover. 



Tennessee 

303 
Rand McNally and Company. New enlarged 
scale railroad and county map of Tennessee 
showing everv railroad station and post office in 
the state. 1888. Chicago, 1888. cl882. col. Scale 
ca 1:580,000. 56 XI 38 cm. 

Shows relief by hachures, drainage, counties, 
cities and towns, roads, and railroads. 



Texas 

304 
Rand McNally and Company. Texas railroads. 
Chicago, 1900. col. Scale 1:2,154,240. 50X68 cm. 

Map overprinted in red to show railroads by 
number coded to list. Index in left margin and on 
the verso. 

Inset: Southern portion of Texas. 12X13 cm. 

Utah 

305 
Rand McNally and Company. Indexed map of 
Utah with a new and original compilation and 



Rhode Island — Wyoming 



57 



index. Chicago, 1876. Scale ca. 1:950,000. 31X23 
cm. 

Shows relief by hachures, drainage, post offices, 
stations, counties, cities and towns, roads, and rail- 
roads with names. Title from cover. 

Vermont 



-]. Coffin's new rail-road map of 



306 
Coffin, [— 

Vermont accompanying report of the board of 
railroad commissioners. 1896. Boston, Forbes Co., 
1896. col. Scale ca. 1:750,000. 53X40 cm. 

Shows relief by hachures, major drainage, cities 
and towns, township and county boundaries. 
Names railroads along the lines and includes a list 
of railroads. 

Virginia 

307 
Crozet, Claudius. A map of the internal improve- 
ments of Virginia prepared by C. Crozet, late 
principal engineer of Va. under a resolution of 
the General Assembly adopted March 15th 1848. 
Engraved at P. S. Duval's Lith., Philada. col. 
Scale ca. 1:950,000. 55X81 cm. 

The map indicates drainage, county boundaries, 
mines, cities and towns, roads, canals, and rail- 
roads. 

308 

[Doggett, John, Jr.] Railroads in Virginia and 
part of North Carolina. Drawn and engraved for 
Doggett's Railroad Guide & Gazetteer [1848] 
Scale ca. 1:900,000. 15X12 cm. 

Shows rail connections between Harpers Ferry 
and Winchester, Acquia Creek to Rocky Mount 
and Huntsville, N.C., and a line from Gosport to 
Newsons Depot. 

309 
DeBow, S. Herries. Map of the Springfield & 
Deep Run estates on the Coal Lands of the N. 
York & Richmond Coal Co, in Henrico Co. 
Virginia. Their relative position to the city of 
Richmond with rail road connections &c. [1856] 
Scale ca. 1:320,000. 43X63 cm. 

From Report on the Property oj the New York & 
Richmond Coal Company (New York, Pruden & 
Martin's Steam Print, 1856). 

Outline map of southeastern Virginia showing 
railroad connections in Richmond, Petersburg, 
and West Point. Indicates the Lynchburgh canal. 

310 
Lloyd, James T. Lloyd's official map of the state 
of Virginia from actual surveys by order of the 



Executive 1828 & 1859. Corrected and revised by 
J. T. Lloyd to 1861. New York, 1861. col. Scale 
ca. 1:640,000. 30X48 in. (Millard Fillmore map 
coll. no. 77) 

Indicates drainage, relief by hachures, state and 
county boundaries, roads, distances, place names, 
mills, factories, "places remarkable for military 
incidents," and the railroad network. 

Listed in R. W. Stephenson's Civil War Maps 
(Washington, Govt, print, offi, 1961), no. 450. 



Washington 

311 
Cram, George F. Cram's township and railroad 
map of Washington. Chicago [1896] col. Scale 
ca. 1:1,300,000. 40X55 cm. 

Shows relief by hachures, drainage, cities and 
towns, and the railroads distinguished by color and 
name. Includes index. Title from cover. 



West Virginia 

312 
Rand McNally and Company. Indexed county 
and railroad pocket map and shippers guide of 
West Virginia. Accompanied by a new and original 
compilation and ready reference index, showing in 
detail the entire railroad system. Chicago, 1898. 
col. Scale ca. 1:1,000,000. 47X68 cm. 

Shows relief by hachures, drainage, cities and 
towns, stations, post offices, and the railroad net- 
work keyed to list by number. Title from cover. 



Wisconsin 

313 
Nicholson, W. L. Railway postal diagram of the 
state of Wisconsin prepared for the use of the 
Railway Mail Service. W. L. Nicholson, Topo- 
grapher P.O. Dept. 1882. col. Scale ca 1 : 700,000. 
81X65 cm. 

"The railroads and post offices on this map are 
shown as at the date of July 1st 1882." 

Shows county boundaries, cities and towns, and 
the railroad network with names along the lines. 



Wyoming 

314 
Cram, George F. Cram's township and railroad 
map of Wyoming. Chicago, 1895. col. Scale ca. 
1:1,250,000. 41X56 cm. 

Shows relief by hachures, drainage, cities and 
towns, townships and counties, roads, and rail- 
roads distinguished by name and number. In- 
cludes index. Title from cover. 



Individual Railroad Lines 



Adams Express Company 

315 
Lang, J. C. Map of the Baltimore Division. 
Adams Express Company. Washington, D.C., 
1885. col. Scale ca. 1:250,000. 75X55 cm. 

Outline map of the Middle Atlantic states show- 
ing drainage, cities and towns, and the major 
railroads. 

Note: "The heavy black lines show the railroads 
operated by the Baltimore Division." 

Alabama and Tennessee River Railroad 

316 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the line of the Alabama & Tennessee 
River Rail Road and its proposed extensions; 
exhibiting also the contiguous mineral deposits 
and zone of production. New York, 1867. cl865. 
col. Scale 1:1,267,200. 53X58 cm. 

County and township map of Alabama and 
vicinity showing drainage, cities and towns, and 
main railroads in heavy lines. Chartered in 1848. 
Reorganized in 1866 under title of Selma, Rome, 
and Dalton Railroad. 



Albermarle and Pantego Railroad 

317 
Colton (G. VV. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the Albemarle & Pantego Railroad and 
its connections. [New York, 1887] cl887. col. 
Scale 1:1,267,000. 39X26 cm. 

Map of the coastal regions of Virginia and North 
Carolina showing drainage, counties, cities and 
towns, and mills. Main railroads in heavy lines. 

Allegheny Railroad and Coal Company 

318 

Sinclair, T. Map showing the coal & timber 
lands of the Allegheny Rail Road & Coal Company 



with the avenues to market. [Philadelphia, T. 
Sinclair's Lith., 185-?] col. Scale ca. 1:600,000. 
27X64 cm. 

Outline map of eastern Pennsylvania and part 
of New Jersey showing relief by hachures, drainage, 
coal, timber, major cities, and railroads. 

American Central Railway 

319 
Bien, Julius. American Central Railway. 1866. 
New York [1866] col. Scale ca. 1:1,500,000. 
41 XI 16 cm. 

Outline map of the northeastern United States 
showing relief by hachures, drainage, and place 
names concentrated along the main line between 
Omaha City and Tifflin, Ohio. Shows connections 
of the American Central Railway with the rail- 
road network. 

Arkansas Central Railroad 

320 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Maps 
showing Arkansas Central the Helena & Corinth 
and the Pine Bluff & Southwestern Railroads 
together forming the Texas & Northeastern Rail- 
way. New York, 1872. col. Scales 1 : 1,275,000 and 
1:7,500,000. 2 maps on one sheet 68X74 cm. 

Map of the south-central states showing drainage, 
township and counties, cities and towns, and the 
railroad network with named lines and colored to 
emphasize main lines. 

Inset: [Southern United States] 32X56 cm. 

Atchison, Topeka and the Santa Fe 
Railroad 

321 
Woodward, Tiernan & Hale. A geographically 
correct county map of states traversed by the 
Atchison Topeka and the Santa Fe Railroad and 



58 



Adams— Atchison 



59 



This map showing the lines operated by an individual 
railway is an example of the fine map work of G. W. & 
C. B. Colton and Company, one of the most prolific 
railroad map publishers in the 19th century. {Entry 322) 




its connections. St. Louis [1880] Scale ca. 
1:2,750,000. 37X78 cm. 

Detailed map of the central United States 
showing relief by hachures, drainage, counties, 
cities and towns, roads, wagon trails, and the rail- 
road network. 

This line was chartered by the state of Kansas 
in 1859. The first 75 miles of line were not com- 
pleted until 1871. See also entry 553. 

Inset: At top of map, [View of Plains] 7 X 78 cm. 

322 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe 
Railroad system. With its connections. New York, 
Rufus Adams & Co., 1883. col. Scale 1 : 3,800,000. 
56X84 cm. 

Map of the southwestern states from the 
Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean. Indicates 
in table form miles of lines in Kansas, Missouri, 
Colorado. New Mexico, Texas. Arizona, and 



Mexico. Shows relief by hachures, drainage, state 
boundaries, and cities and towns. 

LC also has editions of 1885, 1886, 1887, 1888, 
1890, and 1892. 

323 
Poole Bros. The Santa Fe route Atchison, 
Topeka & Santa Fe R.R. 3 lines between the 
Missouri River and the Pacific coast to the city of 
Mexico via the A.T&S. and Mexican Central R.R. 
Chicago, 1884. col. Scale ca. 1:2,700,000. 40X99 
cm. 

Title from verso. 

Map of the western United States from Kansas 
City to the Pacific showing relief by shading, 
drainage, state boundaries, military and Indian 
reservations, railroads with main lines in heavy 
black. Lists stage connections on each side of map. 
Advertisements and ticket information on verso. 

Insets: Map of the Atchison Topeka & Santa 
Fe Railroad System. Showing its connecting 



60 



INDIVIDUAL RAILROAD LINES 



lines ... in the United States and Mexico. 18X29 
cm. — Railroad map of Mexico. 16X26 cm. 

324 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Rail 
Road and its auxiliary roads in the state of Kansas. 
New York, 1886. coi. Scale 1:1,140,000. 41X60 
cm. 

Shows drainage, cities and towns, township and 
county boundaries, and the railroad network with 
emphasis on the main line. 

325 

American Bank Note Company. The Atchison, 
Topeka and the Santa Fe railroad system. 1899. 
[New York, 1899] col. Scale ca. 1:3,500,000. 
42X90 cm. 

Map of the Western United States from Chicago 
to the Pacific coast. Includes drainage, relief by 
hachures, state boundaries, and cities & towns. 
Roads and railroads are named. 



Atlanta and West Point Railroad 

326 
Mahon, Charles. Profile & location of the A. & 
Wt. P. R. R. of Ga. Surveyed & drawn by Cha's 
Mahon, C. E. 1865-6. Tracings within by C. 
Mahon, C. E. July 1868. col. Ms. on tracing 
cloth. 10 map sheets, each 37X91 cm. and title 
sheet, 37X64 cm. Sheets 1 and 10 are at 1 :6,000; 
sheets 2 to 9 are at 1 : 18,000. 

Transferred from U.S. Coast and Geodetic 
Survey (Ace. no. 883) March 12, 1902. 

Detailed map of the route and profile of the 
Atlanta and West Point Railroad from Atlanta to 
West Point on the Chattahoochee River. Chart- 
ered under Atlanta and La Grange Railroad in 
1847. 



Atlantic and Great Western Railway 

327 
De Bihan, C. Map of the Altantic and Great 
Western Railway. With its connections. 1866. 
[London, 1866] col. Scale ca 1:2,000,000. 57X82 
cm. (Millard Fillmore map coll. no. IIO.-M). 

Outline map of eastern United States from the 
Great Lakes to Charleston, S.C., showing drainage, 
cities and towns, county boundaries, and the rail- 
road network. Main lines indicated in heavy red 
and black. Chartered in 1 858 as successor to Mead- 
ville Company. 

Signed in ms. "M. Fillmore." 

Annotated in ms. on verso: Hon. Millard Fill- 
more with compliments of Chas. S. P. Bowles. 



Atlantic and Pacific Railroad 

328 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Maps 
showing the Atlantic & Pacific Railroad and 
leased lines. New York, 1873. col. Scales ca. 
1:150,000 and ca. 1:7,000,000. 2 maps on one 
sheet 61 X61 cm. 

Special map shows the main line and land grant 
in Missouri and includes iron and lead regions. 
General map covers United States showing the 
railroad network with the main lines distinguished 
by color. Created by Act of Congress, July 27, 
1866, with a land grant of 42 million acres. Entry 
329 shows extent of land grant in Arizona and 
New Mexico. 

329 
Atlantic & Pacific Railroad. Map showing the 
location of the road and the land grant of the 
Atlantic and Pacific R.R. in Arizona ... in New 
Mexico. 1883 col. Scale 1:380,160. 2 parts, each 
70X144 cm. 

Map showing portions of Arizona and New 
Mexico indicating land grants on either side of the 
right of way of the railroad. Shows relief by 
hachures, drainage, cities and towns, and the 
surveyed and unsurveyed townships. Map was 
used in the sale or lease of land. Also shows posi- 
tions of private land grants. 

330 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the new transcontinental route of the 
Atlantic & Pacific Railroad and its connections. 
New York, 1883. Scale ca. 1:3,800,000. 35X80 
cm. 

At top of map: "Extra-Beilag zur New-Yorker 
Handels-Zeitung." 

Map covering the southwestern states but ex- 
tending from Chicago to the Pacific Coast. Shows 
relief by hachures, drainage, cities and towns, 
township lines, the land grant of the "western 
division," railroads in progress of completion, and 
completed lines with their connections. 

Atlantic, Mississippi, and Ohio Railroad 

331 
Colton (G. W. & C. B.) and Company. A map 
showing the Atlantic Mississippi & Ohio R.R. 
and its connections from Norfolk to Cumberland 
Gap via Bristol. New York, 1867. col. Scale ca. 
1:3,168,000. 52X83 cm. 

Map of the eastern half of the United States 
showing drainage, counties, cities and towns, 
canals, railroads, and a table of railroad distances. 

Inset: Plan showing the Atlantic Mississippi & 



Atlanta— Baltimore & Ohio 



61 



Ohio R.R. as part of the Great Southern R.R. 
lines from the Atlantic to the Pacific. 17X22 cm. 
See also entry 599. 

Baltimore and Ohio Railroad 

332 
Barney, Joshua. Map of the country embracing 
the various routes surveyed for the Bait. & Ohio 
Rail Road by order of the Board of Engineers. 
Drawn by Lt. J. Barney U.S. Army [1836?] To 
the subscribers of the "American," from Dobbin, 
Murphy & Bose. Scale ca. 1:193,000. 27X61 cm. 
(Peter Force map coll. no. 438) 

G 3841 .P3 B3 1836 .B3 

Map of Baltimore, Ann Arundel, Montgomery, 
Frederick, and Washington counties, Md., showing 
drainage, roads, and important place names. 
Indicates "routes surveyed" and "location of rail 
road." Incorporated in 1827. First survey pub- 
lished in 1828. 

333 
Map shewing [sic] the several routes, examined 
with a view to the extension of the route of the 
Baltimore & Ohio Rail-Road through north 
western Virginia from the Potomac to the Ohio 
river; as well as the different railways and canals 
completed and projected within that state, — and 
also the various lines of improvement existing and 
proposed between Cincinnati on the Ohio and 
Richmond, Baltimore, Philadelphia, New York 
and Boston on the Atlantic coast. [184-] Scale ca. 
1:2,000,000. 43X60 cm. 

Map of the northeastern United States showing 
drainage, relief by hachures, important cities, the 
existing railroads, turnpike roads, canals, and the 
projected railroads. A statement below the title 
explains the feasibility of the extension. Ink and 
pencil annotations indicate other connecting lines 
and several cities. 

334 
Edward Weber & Co. Map showing the con- 
nection of the Baltimore and Ohio-Rail-Road with 
other rail roads executed or in progress through 
the United States. Lith. of Edward Weber & Co. 
[1840] Scale ca. 1:4,900,000. 46X54 cm. 

G 3701 .P3 B3 184- .E31 

Map of the United States east of the Mississippi 
River. 

335 
[Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Company.] Map 
of the county west of Cumberland towards the 
Ohio river, showing the various lines surveyed or 
reconnoitred [sic] for the extension of the Baltimore 
& Ohio Rail Road to its western terminus referred 



to in the report of the chief engineer of September 
20th, 1843. col. ms. Scale 1:316,800. 70X117 
cm. 

Lightly colored map on tracing linen showing 
western Pennsylvania, western Maryland, parts 
of Virginia and West Virginia and most of Ohio. 
Indicates several "preferred" and "surveyed" 
lines to Wheeling and Pittsburgh and other pos- 
sible northern and southern routes. 



336 
Fink, Albert. Map & profile of the location of the 
Baltimore & Ohio Rail Road from Cumberland 
to Wheeling showing also the various routes 
surveyed from the 1836 to the final establishment 
in 1850 of the line upon which the road is being 
constructed. Benj. H. Latrobe Chief Engineer. 
Drawn by Albert Fink, Baltimore 1850. Baltimore, 
A. Hoen & Co., 1850. col. Scale 1:126,720. 
85X165 cm. 

On the verso in ms: "U.S. Engineers. O. Linne- 
man, C.E. 11 July 1857." 

Topographical map of part of the middle At- 
lantic region showing relief by hachures, drainage, 
cities and towns, counties, roads, turnpikes, rail- 
roads in operation, final location of lines, surveyed 
lines, and rejected lines. Includes profiles. 



337 
Jacobi, L. Map and profiles showing the Balti- 
more and Ohio Rail Road with — its branches and 
immediately tributary lines. 1858. Compiled and 
drawn by L. Jacobi C.E. Baltimore. Published 
by Hunckel & Son and L. Jacobi Baltimore. 
Lithographed by Hunckel & Son Baltimore. 
cl857. Baltimore, Hunckel & Son, 1858. col. 
Scale 1:380,160. 61X127 cm. 

"Baltimore and Ohio Rail Road being the main 
artery in the great national route between the east 
and west." 

On the verso in ms. "Gilbert H. Bryson." 

Detailed map of part of the middle Atlantic 
region showing drainage, cities and towns, counties, 
canals, roads, and the railroad network, with 
proposed extensions of lines. Includes profiles 
and distances and length of finished track. 

Another copy annotated in ms on the verso 
"Louis McKenzie, Alexandria, Va." and "No. 
219 Barnum's Hotel Balte." 



338 
Hoen (A.) and Company. A map of the Baltimore 
& Ohio Railroad and its principal connecting 
lines uniting all parts of the East & West. Balti- 
more. Lith. by A. Hoen & Co., 1860. Scale ca. 
1:8,500,000. 20X23 cm. 

G 3701 .P3 B3 1860 .H6 



62 



INDIVIDUAL RAILROAD LINES 



Detailed survey map showing work progress and con- 
nections oj the B&O. {Entry 337) 
















/. * 2/'^^ : - . -< .* 







I \ 



t^ pyi^-."'-^ 



iiM.tiMnRK Ato oaio Bail ao.(o - mai^ >tiv 



J I 



-^ 



From Table oj Distances and Epitome of the Route 
by the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad (Baltimore, 1860). 

Outline map of the eastern half of the United 
States to about the 95th Meridian. 

339 
Rand McNally and Company. General map of 
the Baltimore and Ohio Rail Road & its con- 
nections. The great national route between the 
east and west. [Chicago, 1876] col. Scale ca. 
1:4,000,000. 34X51 cm. 

Part of the eastern United States showing relief 
by hachures, major drainage, state boundaries, 
cities and towns, and the railroad network with 
mail lines emphasized. 

Inset: [U.S. west.] 7X18 cm. 

340 
Elmer, Walter F. Map of the Baltimore and Ohio 
Rail Road with its branches and connections. Balti- 
more, A. Hoen & Co., 1878. Scale 1:2,534,400. 
75X1 14 cm. 

Map of the Eastern U.S. showing relief by 
hachures, drainage, cities and towns, state bound- 
aries, canals, named railroad network, and the 
B. & O. in heavy black lines. Indicates cooperative 
connections, unfinished and proposed lines. In- 
cludes comparative distances to Baltimore and 
New York, length of finished lines, Ohio River 
bridges, and a list of officials. 



Inset: [View of] the marine terminus of the 
Baltimore & Ohio Rail Road ... 9X34 cm. 

Baltimore and Susquehanna Railroad 

341 
De la Roche, G. F. A map. Of the principal canal 
and rail road improvments [sic], which will 
connect with the Bait. & Susqa. Rail Road at 
York. 1845. Drawn by G. F. de la Roche. C. 
Engr. Balto: Lith: of John Penniman. col. Scale 
ca. 1 : 2,000,000. 40X40 cm. 

Outline map covering New York, Pennsylvania, 
New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, and 
Ohio. Shows drainage, canals, important cities, 
and railroad connections. Chartered in 1828. 
Opened to York in 1838. 

Barre and Worcester Railroad 

342 
Bouve, Elisha W. Map of Barre and Worcester 
Rail Road from Worcester to Barre & South 
Gardner to connect with Mass. & Vt. & Cheshire 
Rail Roads. Lith of E. W. Bouve, Boston. [1848] 
Scale ca. 1:180,000. 42X46 cm. 

Distance and grades on the main line are given 
at right of the map. 

Map of northern half of Worcester County, 
Mass. showing drainage, cities and townships. 



Baltimore & Susquehanna — Boston & Woonsocket 



63 



Indicates the north-south connections between the 
Western Railroad and the Massachusetts and 
Vermont Railroad. Chartered in 1847. Name 
changed to Boston, Barre, and Gardner Railroad 
in 1849. 



Inset: [White Mountain district of the Boston 
& Lowell R.R.] 22X16 cm. 



Boston and Maine Railroad 



Bellaire, Zanesville, and Cincinnati 
Railway 

343 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the route and connections of the Bellaire, 
Zanesville and Cincinnati Railway. New York, 
1883. col. Scale ca. 1:750,000. 56X66 cm. 

Map of Ohio showing drainage, township and 
county boundaries, cities and towns, railroads, 
and a table of population for the 1880 census. 



347 
Rand McNally and Company. Boston & Maine 
Railroad and connections. Boston [1898] col. 
Scale ca. 1:1,000,000. 58X78 cm. 

Map of New England and part of Canada show- 
ing relief by hachures, major drainage, cities and 
towns, state boundaries, and the railroad network 
with main lines emphasized. 

Insets: St. Andrews N.B. . . . 12x10 cm. — White 
Mountain Region. 17X14 cm. — Mount Desert 
Island and vicinity. 18X18 cm. 



Beilefontaine and Indiana Railroad 

344 
Roberts, W. Milnor. Map of the Beilefontaine 
and Indiana Railroad and connecting lines. 1852. 
Lith. of Schuchman & Haunlein, Pittsburgh, 
col. Scale ca. 1:1,500,000. 38X64 cm. 

Outline map of part of the north-central United 
States showing drainage, state boundaries, and 
important place names. Main lines indicate 
mileage between stations. Chartered in 1848. 

Black Diamond System 

345 
Boone, Albert E. Boones map of the Black 
Diamond System of Railways. J. D. McKisson 
del. Perysville Ohio. [Knoxville, Tenn., 1896] 
col. Scale ca. 1:1,000,000. 125X71 cm. 

Detailed map of southern United States from 
Cincinnati, Ohio, to northern Florida. Shows 
drainage, the Ohio River railroad system, cities 
and towns, county boundaries. Includes con- 
centric circles at 50-mile intervals from Knoxville. 
Indicates coal fields of Kentucky and Tennessee. 
Note: "Published for the Railway Pathfinder." 
Stamped in ink: "Summerall Papers." 

Boston and Lowell Railroad 

346 
Rand, Avery, Supply Company. Map of the 
Boston & Lowell R.R. system with its principal 
connections. [1890?] col. Scale ca. 1:1,100,000. 
44X37 cm. 

Map of the northern United States showing 
cities and towns and the railroad network with 
emphasis on the main line. This line was chartered 
in 1830 and opened in 1835. In 1841 a second track 
was laid. 



Boston and Providence Railway 

348 
Hayward, James. Plan of a survey for the pro- 
posed Boston and Providence Rail-Way. Jan. 
1828. Boston, Annin & Smith, 1828 Scale 1 : 64,000. 
19X 109 cm. G 3761 .P3B6 1828 .H3. 

From Massachusetts Board of Commissioners of 
Internal Improvements, Report in Relation to the 
Examination oj Sundry Routes for a Railway from 
Boston to Providence; with a Memoir of the Survey 
(Boston, 1828). 

Topographic strip map showing proposed lines 
of survey. This is the earliest railroad map repre- 
sented in the Library's map collections. It is listed 
as one of the "Rail Roads Never Before Delin- 
eated" by Henry S. Tanner in his Memoir on the 
Recent Surveys . . . (Philadelphia, 1829). It was 
incorporated in June 1831 and was first intended 
for horse-drawn power. 



Boston and Woonsocket Railroad 

349 
Bouve, Elisha W. Map of the Boston & W'oon- 
socket rail road routes. Compiled from the state 
map, and the plans of the different surveys re- 
turned to the joint Standing Committee on Rail 
Roads & Canals. 1847. Lith. of E. W. Bouve, 
Boston. Scale ca. 1:160,000. 35X42 cm. 

G3761 .P3 1847 .B6 

Map of eastern Massachusetts showing drainage, 
place names, and township lines. 

At left of map are "statistics proved before the 
Committee of the Legislature for the Boston and 
Woonsocket portion of the central and direct land 
route to N. York. Petition of Otis Pettee," and 
the "Wolpole route . . . Petition of N. Miller." 



64 



INDIVIDUAL RAILROAD LINES 



Boston, Concord, and Montreal Railroad 

350 
Crocker, William P., and Morgan, Charles. Map 
of the Boston, Concord and Montreal Railroad 
from Concord to Haverhill, N.H. July, 1845. 
J. H. Bufford & Co's. Lith., Boston. Scale ca. 
1:125,000. 61X92 cm. G 3741 .P3B6 1845 .C7 

Map covers parts of Belknap, Carroll, Grafton, 
and Merrimac counties, N. H. 

Inset: [Map of the line from Haverhill to the 
Canadian border] 20X26 cm. 

Boston, Hoosac Tunnel, and Western 
Railway 

351 
Colton (G. W. & C. B.) and Company. Maps 
showing the Boston Hoosac Tunnel and Western 
Railway with its eastern and western connections. 
1881 col. Scale 1:1,267,200. 48X77 cm. 

Map of the northeastern United States showing 
drainage, counties, cities and towns, and the rail- 
road network. 

Inset: Special map of the Boston, Hoosac Tunnel, 
and Western Railway. 17X20 cm. 

Brooklyn City Railroad 

352 
Beers (J. B.) & Company. Brooklyn. New York, 
1874. col. Scale ca. 1 : 20,000. 44X61 cm. 

Street map of Brooklyn published for Advertising 
Bureau, Brooklyn City Rail Road Company. 
Overprinted in brown to show "Twelve Routes, 
42 miles of Streets and Avenues Traversed by 
Cars, all Starting from Fulton Ferry." Contains 
a list of routes in lower left of map. 

Burlington and Missouri River Railroad 

353 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
of the state of Nebraska showing the lands of the 
Burlington & Missouri Riv. R.R. Co. in Nebraska. 
New York, 1876. col. Scale ca. 1:1,000,000. 
40X67 cm. 

Land grant map showing drainage, cities and 
towns, townships, transportation network and 
main railroads in heavy lines. 

Note: "The Burlington & Missouri River R.R. 
Company of Nebraska own the alternate sections, 
in whole or in large part, in every township . . . 
within the areas North of the Platte, and South of 
the Platte [brown] on this Map. These embrace 
2,500,000 Acres, of which over 1,000,000 Acres 
are sold. The remainder comprising some of the 
FINEST LANDS in the West, are for sale on Very Long 
Credit, Very Low Interest, and at Very Low 



Prices, with large discounts for Improvements and 
for Cash " 

354 
Rand McNally and Company. Correct map of 
the Burlington and Missouri River R.R. The 
Burlington Route and its connections. Chicago 
[1882] col. Scale ca. 1:5,000,000. 43X94 cm. 

"This is the great through car line and is uni- 
versally conceded to be the finest equipped rail- 
road in the World for all classes of travel." 

Map of the United States showing relief by 
hachures, drainage, cities and towns, state and 
county boundaries, and the named railroad net- 
work. 

Inset: Around the World, across the American 
continent via Burlington Route. 12X27 cm. 

Time schedules and ticket information on the 
verso. 



Burlington, Cedar Rapids, and Minnesota 
Railway 

355 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the Burlington Cedar Rapids and Min- 
nesota Railway and its connections. New York, 
1868. col. Scale 1:1,267,200. 83X60 cm. 

Map of the mldwestern states showing drainage, 
cities and towns, administrative boundaries, and 
the railroad network with emphasis on the main 
line. Consolidated June 30, 1868, from Cedar 
Rapids and Burlington and the Cedar Rapids and 
St. Paul. 



Burlington Route 

356 
Page (H. R.) & Co. Chicago to San Francisco 
via the Burlington Route. Chicago, cl879. col. 
Scale ca. 1:3,000,000. 15X49 cm. 

"The above three sections, showing the line of 
railroad from Chicago to San Francisco giving 
distances, elevations above the sea, quality of soil 
and country, population of towns and cities, lakes, 
rivers, mountains, connecting railroad lines, and 
all items of interest of which a traveller would 
desire to know, in regard to the Great Route 
Across the continent. Armed with this Guide, the 
passenger needs no further information." 

Stylized, diagramatic strip map in three sec- 
tions: Chicago to Omaha; Omaha to Salt Lake and 
Ogden (via the Union Pacific); Ogden to San 
Francisco (via the Central Pacific). Contains 
profiles and elevation of lines, indicates geographic 
regions, industry and agriculture, mileage, stage 
connections, and railroads. See entries 373-375. 



Boston, Concord, & Montreal — Central Railroad Extension 



65 



357 
Rand McNally and Company. Burlington Route. 
Chicago, 1892. col. Scale ca. 1 :4,400,000. 81X111 
cm. 

"This map is issued by the Passenger Depart- 
ment of the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Rail- 
road. Copies will be mailed to any address on 
receipt of fifteen cents postage by the under- 
signed. P. S. Eustis, General Passanger and Ticket 
Agent C, B.&Q. R.R. Chicago, 111. The Burling- 
ton Route runs daily through trains between 
Chicago, Peoria, or St. Louis . . . connecting with 
through trains for all points . . ." 

Map of the United States showing relief by 
hachures, drainage, cities and towns, state and 
county boundaries, time zones, and the railroad 
network with main lines emphasized. See entries 
373-375. 

Cairo and Fulton Railroad 

358 
VVilamowicz, I. Map of the Cairo & Fulton 
Railroad exhibiting the principal tributary lines as 
projected and its connections with other railroads 
west of the Mississippi River, which unite with the 
Missouri Pacific Railroad, and the south projected 
Pacific Railroad via Elpaso [sic] to the Pacific 
Ocean, showing also the connection by rail road 
of the cities of New Orleans & St. Louis. Little 
Rock, Ark. Sep. 1853. St. Louis, Mo., Juls. 
Hutawa [1853] Scale 1:1,900,800. 64X51 cm. 

Map showing Missouri, Arkansas, Louisiana, 
and part of Texas. Shows drainage, cities and 
towns, and state boundaries, west of the Mississippi 
River. The adjoining area east of the Mississippi 
River shows only the rail network. The map in- 
dicates proposed, surveyed, located, and com- 
pleted rail lines. Chartered in Arkansas in 1853 
and in Missouri in 1854. 

359 
Colton (G. \V. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the line of the Cairo & Fulton Railroad 
and its connections. New York, 1871. col. Scale 
ca. 1:3,000,000. 61 X56 cm. 

Map of the mid-central states and Texas showing 
drainage, cities and towns, county boundaries, and 
the railroad network with emphasis on the main 
line. 

Inset: Map of part of the United States and 
Mexico showing the north eastern & south western 
connections of the Cairo & Fulton R.R. 20X30 
cm. 

California and Nevada Railroad 

360 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 



showing the California and Nevada Railroad and 
its extensions and connections. New York, 1882. 
col. Scale 1:2,090,880. 39X93 cm. 

Map of central California and Colorado showing 
relief by hachures, drainage, township and county 
boundaries, and railroads, with emphasis on the 
main line. 



Catawissa, Williamsport, and Erie Railroad 

361 
Kimber, Thomas Jr. Map of the Catawissa, 
Williamsport & Erie Rail Road. Showing its con- 
nection with the north and west by the Williams- 
port and Elmira Rail Road, & its connection with 
Philada. & New York by the Reading & Lehigh 
Valley R. Rd. [1856] Scale ca. 1:340,000. 74X61 
cm. 

From Report of the President of the Catawissa, 
Williamsport, and Erie Railroad Company to the 
Managers, October 28th, 1856 (Philadelphia, 
Office of the Company, 1856). 

Map of Pennsylvania from Philadelphia north 
to the New York boundary and west to Williams- 
port. 

Shows county boundaries, drainage, coal field, 
important cities, and the existing and proposed 
railroads. Chartered in 1835 as the Little Schuyl- 
kill and Susequehanna Railroad. 



Central Ohio Railroad 

362 
Schuchman, William. Map of the Central Ohio 
Railroad and connecting lines. 1850. Litho of 
Wm. Schuchman, Pittsburgh, L. Buehner, 1850. 
Scale ca. 1:1,500,000. 99X41 cm. 

Outline map of the northeastern and north- 
central United States showing the railroad net- 
work. 

"Comparative Distances by the Great Railway 
Routes of Ohio from Columbus to New York" 
are listed to the right of the map. Chartered 
February 8, 1847. 



Central Railroad Extension Company of 
Long Island 

363 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the route & connections of the Central 
Rail Road Extension Company of Long Island. 
New York, 1873. scale not given. 37X65 cm. 

Shows New York City and eastern Long Island. 
Indicates drainage, cities and towns, roads, and 
railroads. 



66 



INDIVIDUAL RAILROAD LINES 



Charleston and Savannah Railroad 

364 
Walker Evans & Co. Map showing the location of 
the Charleston & Savannah R.R. May, 1856. 
Scale 1:180,000. 51X84 cm. 

Map of the South Carolina tidewater area 
between Charleston and Savannah, Ga. 

"The red line represents the located line; the 
blue lines represent some of the principal experi- 
mental lines." Chartered December 20, 1853. 
Reorganized in 1866 as the Savannah and Charles- 
ton Railroad. 



Chesapeake and Ohio Railway 

365 
Maury, Matthew F. Map showing the economic 
minerals along the route of the Chesapeake & 
Ohio Rail Way to accompany the geological report 
of Thomas S. Ridgway. 1872. col. Scale 1 : 506,880. 
36X100 cm. 

Covers area from Richmond, Va., to the Ohio 
River along the route of the railroad and shows the 
geological sections in which minerals are found. 
Consolidated from the Virginia Central and 
Covington and Ohio Railroads in August 1868. 

366 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
of the Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad and 
its connections. New York, 1873. col. Scale ca. 
1:1,500,000. 39X106 cm. 

Map of the central portion of the eastern 
United States between the Atlantic and St. Louis 
showing drainage, cities and towns, counties, roads, 
railroads, and iron and coal deposits. 

Inset: [Transcontinental connections] 13X60 
cm. 



Chester, Iron Mountain, and Western 
Railroad 

367 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
of the Chester, Iron Mountain & Western Rail- 
road and its connections. New York, 1881. col. 
Scale 1 : 1,267,200. 53X72 cm. 

Map of Missouri, Illinois, and vicinity. Shows 
drainage, cities and towns, the railroad network, 
coalfields, and iron and lead mines. 

Chicago and Canada Southern Railway 

368 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the route of the Chicago and Canada 
Southern Railway and its connecting lines. 



New York, 1872. col. Scale. 1:2,217,600. 47X98 
cm. 

Map of the northeastern and midwestern United 
States showing drainage, cities and towns, county 
boundaries, and the railroad network, with em- 
phasis on the main line. 

Chicago and Northwestern Railway 

369 
Chicago & Northwestern Railway. Land Depart- 
ment. Map showing the location of the Chicago 
& Northwestern Railway with its branches & 
connections through Illinois, Iowa, Nebraska, 
Wisconsin Minnesota, Michigan, [Chicago, 1862] 
col. Scale 1:1,267,200. 70X125 cm. 

Map of the midwestern states showing relief by 
hachures, drainage, cities and towns, township and 
county boundaries, and the completed, proposed, 
and under-construction railroads. Includes a 
table of distances. 

370 
Rand McNally and Company. Correct map of 
Dakota compiled from United States and Ter- 
ritorial surveys Nov. 1, 1882. Published by the 
Chicago & North-Western Railway. [Chicago, 
1882] Scale ca. 1:1,500,000. 61X47 cm. 

"The large lines on the above map show the 
location of the Chicago & North-Western Rail- 
way, and its branches, the small lines its con- 
nections." 

Shows relief by hachures, drainage, cities and 
towns, townships, counties, and railroads. 

Inset: [North-central states] 16X34 cm. 

Chicago and Rock Island Railroad 

371 
Leefe, George E. Map of Chicago & Rock 
Island, Peoria and Bureau Valley, and Mississippi 
& Missouri railroads; with their connections to 
New York. [1852?] Lith. of Geo. E. Leefe, New 
York. col. Scale ca. 1:1,500,000. 42X144 cm. 

Outline map of the northeastern and north- 
central United States showing "railroads com- 
pleted or in progress" and "railroads proposed & 
authorized unless named as 'projected."' 

Chicago and Southwestern Railway 

372 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
of the Chicago and Southwestern Railway and the 
Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific Railroad. And 
their connections. New York, 1869. col. Scale 
1:1,250,000. 41X74 cm. 

Map of the midwestern states showing drainage. 



Charleston & Savannah— Chicago, Burlington, & Quincy 



67 



Rand McNaliys 1874 timetable map, one oj many such 
commercial maps published Jor distribution at railroad 
ticket offices. {See descriptive note to entry 378) 




cities and towns, townships, counties, and the 
railroad network with emphasis on the main lines. 



Chicago, Burlington, and Quincy Railroad 

373 
Heubach, Emil. Map of the Chicago, Burling- 
ton and Quincy R.R. Chicago, 1879. col. Scale 
ca. 1:1,750,000. 70X106 cm. 

Map of the north-central United States showing 
relief by hachures, cities and towns, township and 
county boundaries, wagon roads, and railroad 
network with emphasis on the main line. In- 
corporated February 12, 1849, as the Aurora 
Branch Railroad. Know popularly as the Burling- 
ton Route. See entries, 356 and 357. 



374 
Cram, George F. Correct map of the Chicago, 
Burlington, and Quincy Rail Road and its principal 
connecting lines. Chicago, 1881. col. Scale ca. 
1:3,000,000. 2 sheets, each 66X93 cm. 

Map of the United States, eastern and western 
sheets, with relief by hachuring, drainage, cities 
and towns, county boundaries, and Indian reser- 
vations. The railroad network is overprinted in 
red. Heavy red lines indicate main line of the 
Chicago, Burlington, and Quincy Railroad. 

375 
Rand McNally and Company. Chicago, Bur- 
lington & Quincy R.R. and intersecting lines. 
1883. [Chicago, 1883] col. Scale ca. 1:500,000. 
56X100 cm. 



68 



INDIVIDUAL RAILROAD LINES 



Map of the midwestem states showing reUef by 
hachures, drainage, cities and towns, and the 
railroad network coded in color with the main 
line emphasized. 

Chicago, Great Western Railway 

376 
Poole Bros. Chicago Great Western Railway 
"Maple Leaf Route." Chicago, cl897. col. Scale 
ca. 1:1,150,000. 69X69 cm. 

Map of the midwestem United States showing 
drainage, counties, cities and towns, railroad net- 
work with the main line in heavy black lines. 
Ticket and general information on the verso. 

Chicago, Kansas, and Nebraska Railway 

377 
Sebastian, John. New and correct map of the 
Chicago, Kansas & Nebraska Ry. Rock Island 
Route. Buffalo, Matthews, Northrup & Co. Art 
Printing Works, 1888. Scale 1:5,500,000. 39x99 
cm. 

Map of the United States showing relief by 
hachures, drainage, state boundaries, cities and 
towns, and the railroad network with heavy lines 
for main routes. 

Chicago, Milwaukee, and St. Paul Railway 

378 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
of the railroads and extensions of the Chicago, 
Milwaukee, and St. Paul Railwav Companv. 
New York, 1881. col. Scale 1 : 1 ,267,200. 78X110 
cm. 

Detailed map of the north-central states showing 
drainage, cities and towns, township and county 
boundaries, and the railroads with names and 
emphasis on the main line. Incorporated in 1863 
as the Milwaukee and St. Paul Railway. See items 
464 and 465. In 1874 the word Chicago was added 
to the name. LC has a Rand McNally and Comp- 
any map, measuring 35X45 cm., which uses the 
new name for the first time. 



Chicago, Rock Island, and Pacific Railroad 

379 
Heubach, Emil. New rail road map of the 
L^nited States and the Dominion of Canada, show- 
ing the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific R.R. 
The great overland route and short line to the 
west and south-west. [Chicago, 1879] Scale ca. 
1:5,000,000. 48X103 cm. 

Map of the United States showing relief by 
hachures, drainage, cities and towns, state bound- 



aries, and the railroad network with emphasis on 
the main line. The line was created by an act of the 
state of Illinois, February 27, 1847, and amended 
July 27, 1851. The line reached the Mississippi 
River on February 22, 1854, where the first bridge 
to cross the river was opened on September 1, 
1854, linking Rock Island, 111., with Davenport, 
Iowa. 

Inset: Map of the World. 11X13 cm. 

Chicaco, St. Paul, and Fond du Lac 
Railroad 

380 

Endicott & Co. Map of the Chicago, St. Paul & 
Fond du Lac Railroad. Lith. of Endicott & Co. 
N.Y. [1855] Scale ca. 1:1,700,000. 40X44 cm. 

Outline map of Wisconsin and parts of adjoining 
states showing major drainage, important cities, 
and the present and proposed railroad network. 

Cincinnati Railway 

381 
Hinman, Russell. Map of the surveys of the 
Cincinnati Railway. W. A. Gunn, Ch. Eng. 
Cincinnati, Strobridge & Co., 1873. col. Scale 
1:633,600. 83X43 cm. 

Outline map of central Kentucky and Tennessee 
with railroads in red. 

Note: "Figures in red are county populations. 
Surveyed routes, profiles annexed, surveyed routes 
not annexed, explored routes not surveyed." 

Cincinnati Southern Railway 

382 
Mendenhall, Edward. Map of the Cincinnati 
Southern Railway and connections . . . Published 
for the Cincinnati Southern Railway. cl879. 
Cincinnati, 1879. col. Scale not given. 60X94 
cm. 

Map of the eastern United States showing relief 
by hachures, drainage, cities and towns, state 
boundaries, and the railroad network with heavy 
red and black lines for the main lines. Distances 
shown by 100-mile concentric circles centered on 
Cincinnati. 

Inset: Map showing the connection of the 
Cincinnati Southern Railway with the Gulf ports 
and the ports of South America. 

Cincinnati, Virginia, and Carolina Railway 

383 
Colton (G. \V. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
of the Cincinnati, \'irginia, & Carolina Railway 
and its connections. New York, 1881. Scale 
1:2,217,600. 40X50 cm. 



Chicago, Great Western— Continental 



Map of the southern states showing drainage, 
cities and towns, and mines and minerals along the 
route of the main line. 

Cleveland and Mahoning Railroad 

384 
Mueller, J. Map of the Cleveland and Mahoning 
Rail Road and its connections. Edward Warner, 
Chief Engineer. 1853. Philadelphia, Sinclair's 
Lith. [1853] Scale ca. 1:2,050,000. 35X68 cm. 

Sketch map of the north-central and middle 
Atlantic states showing the railroad network, 
major cities, rivers, and state boundaries. 

Tables of distances appear on both sides of title. 
Chartered on February 22, 1848. 

Cleveland and Toledo Railroad 

385 
Thomas (G. F.) & Co. Cleveland and Toledo 
Rail-Road. 1856. Middleton, Wallace & Co. 
Lithos. Cin. Scale ca. 1:1,600,000. 14X16 cm. 

Sketch map of northern Ohio showing the rail- 
road lines. Below the neat line is a list of officers 
and directors of the company. Chartered as the 
Junction Rail Road, March 2, 1846. 

Coal and Iron Railway 

386 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the road of the Coal and Iron Railway 
Co. And the coal and iron ore lands along its line. 
New York, 1882. col. Scale 1 : 760,320. 60X80 cm. 

Map of the middle Atlantic states showing drain- 
age, cities and towns, canals, roads, and railroads. 

Coheco Railroad 

387 
Parrott, George B. Map of rail road routes from 
Rouse's Point to Portsmouth and Boston. Compiled 
for the Cocheco Railroad Co. November, 1848. 
Lith. of Sharp & Price, Boston. Scale ca. 1 : 530,000. 
66X50 cm. 

Map shows Massachusetts, New Hampshire, 
and Vermont. Includes a table of distances and 
indicates "constructed & completed" and "con- 
templated & chartered" railroads. The Cocheco 
line was chartered on July 2, 1847. 

Columbus and Pensacola Railroad 

388 
Palmer, William R. A map of part of Alabama & 
Florida. Showing the route of the proposed Colum- 
bus & Pensacola Rail Road. Accompanying the 



report of Major J. D. Graham, U.S. Topographical 
Engr. Feb. 6th, 1836. Drawn chiefly from the 
original surveys in the Gen. Land Office at Wash- 
ington bv Wm. R. Palmer, U.S. Asst. Civil Engr. 
Scale ca.' 1 : 800,000. 22X201/2 in. 56X52 cm. 

From Letter from the Secretary of War, 24th Con- 
gress, 1st session. House, doc. 176. 

At head of tide: "No. 1." 

Map of southern Alabama and part of western 
Florida showing roads, cities, and drainage. 

Columbus, Chicago, and Indiana Central 
Railway 

389 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the lines of the Columbus, Chicago, and 
Indiana Central Railway. And their connections. 
New York, 1868. col. Scale 1:1,267,200. 49X175 
cm. 

Township and county map of the middle Atlantic 
and midwestern states showing drainage, cities 
and towns, railroad stations, railroads, and dis- 
tances between stations. 

Connecticut and Western Railroad 

390 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the line of the Connecticut & Western 
Railroad. And its connections. New York, 1871. 
Scale ca. 1 : 1,750,000. 35X70 cm. 

Map of New England and vicinity showing 
drainage, cities and towns, county boundaries, 
and the railroad network with emphasis on the 
main line. 



Consolidated Southern Railway 

391 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the Consolidated Southern Railway. 
Kentucky Division — Eastern Kentucky R.R. Vir- 
ginia Division — Norfolk & Cincinnati R.R. Ten- 
nessee & Carolina Division and its connections. 
New York, 1883. col. Scale 1:2,217,600. 40X53 
cm. 

Map of the southeastern United States showing 
drainage, cities and towns, county boundaries, the 
railroad network, and mineral deposits. 

Continental Railway 

392 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the route of the Continental Railway and 
its connecting lines. New York, 1873. col. Scale 
1:2,217,600. 50X96 cm. 



70 



INDIVIDUAL RAILROAD LINES 



Map of the northeastern United States showing 
drainage, cities and towns, county boundaries, 
and the railroad network with emphasis on the 
main line. 

Corpus Christi and Rio Grande Railway 

393 
Bien, Julius. Corpus Christi and Rio Grande 
Railway Company. [Map showing the proposed 
railroad between Larado and Corpus Christi and 
its connections with Mexico] New York, J. Bien, 
[1873] col. Scale ca. 1:2,200,000. 37X61 cm. 

From An Act to Incorporate the Corpus Christi and 
Rio Grande Railway Company and to Aid in the Con- 
struction of the Same. Passed May 24th, 1873. 

Outline map of southwest Texas and part of 
Mexico showing relief by hachures, drainage, and 
major cities and towns. 

Inset: Corpus Christi Channel. 9X17 cm. 



1869. col. Scales 1:1,250,000 and ca. 1:7,500,000. 
2 maps on one sheet 69X64 cm. 

Map of the midwestern states shows drainage, 
cities and towns, township and county boundaries, 
and the railroads with emphasis on the main line 
and mileage between stations. General map shows 
transcontinental railroad connections. 



Delaware and North River Railroad 

397 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the Delaware and North River Railroad 
and its connections between Kingston, Port Jarvis 
and Stroudsburg. New York cl890. col. Scale ca. 
1:1,250,000. 44X54 cm. 

Map of the northeastern states showing drain- 
age, cities and towns, and the railroad network 
with emphasis on the main line. 



Danville and Pottsville Railroad 

394 
Kennedy, David K. and Lucas, William B. Plan 
and profile of the Danville and Pottsville Rail 
Road. 1831. Kennedv & Lucas's Lithographv, 
Philadelphia. Scale ca.' 1:85,000. 47X63 cm. 

Across bottom of map: "Profiles of grades." 
Detailed map of part of Pennsylvania between 
Sharp Mountain and the Susquehanna River show- 
ing roads, drainage, and relief by hachures along 
the survey route. 

Shows the east and west branches of the Mount 
Carbon Railroad and the Mill Creek Railroad, 
which began operation in 1829. Chartered on 
April 8, 1826. Name changed in 1851 to the Phil- 
adelphia and Sunbury Rail Road. 

Danville, Olney, and Ohio River Railroad 

395 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
of the Danville, Olney & Ohio River Railroad 
and its connections. New York, 1881. col. Scale 
1:1,267,200. 54X69 cm. 

Map of the north-central states showing drain- 
age, cities and towns, township and county bound- 
aries, coal fields in Illinois, and the railroad net- 
work with emphasis on the main line. 

Danville, Urbana, Bloomington, and Pekin 
Railroad 

396 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Maps 
showing the Danville, Urbana, Bloomington & 
Pekin Railroad and its connections. New York, 



Denver and Rio Grande Railway 

398 
Mota, Alb. von. Map of the Denver and Rio 
Grande Railwav and connections. [1873] Scale ca. 
1:1,900,800. 61X28 cm. 

Map of western Colorado and New Mexico 
showing relief by hachures, drainage, cities and 
towns, counties, mineral areas, roads, and rail- 
roads. Includes completed and proposed lines. 
General information for tourists on verso. 

399 
Eccles, S. W. Map of the Denver & Rio Grande 
Railway. Showing its connections and extensions 
also the relative position of Denver and Pueblo 
to all the principal towns and mining regions of 
Colorado and New Mexico. Chicago, Rand, 
McNally & Co. , [ 1 88 1 ] c 1 88 1 . col. Scale 1 : 760,320. 
90X71 cm. 

At head of title: "776 miles in operation. 691 
miles under construction." 

Outline map of Colorado and New Mexico 
showing major relief by hachures, major drain- 
age, cities and towns, and county boundaries. 
Main lines are indicated by heavy colored lines. 

400 
Rand McNallv and Company. Denver and Rio 
Grande Railway System. 1886. [Chicago, 1886] 
col. Scale not given. 36X45 cm. 

Map of Colorado and part of New Mexico 
showing relief by hachures and shading, drainage, 
cities and towns, counties, stage roads, and rail- 
roads with the main line emphasized. 

Inset: [U.S. southwest] 9X16 cm. 



Corpus Christi & Rio Grande — Fort Scott, Topeka, & Lincoln 



71 



Duluth and Winnipeg Railroad 

401 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the route of the Duluth & Winnipeg 
Railroad and its connections. New York, 1881. col. 
Scale 1:2,217,600. 53X84 cm. 

Map shows the north-central states with drain- 
age, cities and towns, and the railroad network 
indicated. Emphasizes the main line. 

East River Railroad 

402 
Hotchkiss, Jedediah. Map showing the pre- 
liminary line of the East River Railroad. May, 
1881. col. ms. Scale 1:63,360. 34X81 cm. (Jeded- 
iah Hotchkiss map coll. no. 271) 

"Engineer Office of Jed. Hotchkiss, Stanton, 
Va. August, 1881." Mapof part of Virginia showing 
relief by form lines, drainage, mills, property 
owners names, towns, roads, and the railroad line, 
with distances, in red. 

Eastern Shore Railroad 

403 
Kearney, James. Experimental survey for the 
Eastern Shore Rail Road, Maryland. Drawn by 
W. H. Emory & J. McClelland Asst. Civ. Engs. 
Made under the direction of James Kearney. 
[1853?] Scale ca. 1 : 128,000. 2 sheets, each 40X72 
cm. 

At top of map: "Profiles of line." 

Survey map along route of line covering strip of 
land in Maryland from Elk Landing to Tangier 
Sound. Shows streams, fields, land owners, roads, 
and the "lines run with compass & level, Lines 
run with compass." 

The line was chartered in 1853, organized in 
1859, and the first section of road completed in 
1860. 



Erie Railway 

404 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
of the Erie Railway and its connections. New 
York, 1869. col. Scale 1:1,267,200. 47X139 cm. 

Map of the northeastern and north-central states 
showing drainage, cities and towns, township and 
county boundaries, and the railroads with emphasis 
on the main line. Incorporated in 1832 as the 
New York and Erie Rail Road. See entries 481- 
483. Became Erie Railway in 1861. In 1878 was 
known as the New York, Lake Erie, and Western 
Railroad. Incorporated again as the Erie in 1895. 

Inset: [New York City and vicinity] 10X10 cm. 

LC also has 1875 edition which lacks inset. 



Evansville and Crawfordsville Railroad 

405 
McLellan, David. Map of the Evansville and 
Crawfordsville Rail Road with its connections. 
D. McLellan Lith., New York [185-] col. Scale ca. 
1:1,500,000. 43X103 cm. 

Map of northeastern and north-central United 
States showing drainage, county boundaries, larger 
cities, and the completed and proposed railroad 
network. 



Fitchburg Railroad 

406 
Bouve, Elisha W. Plan showing the proposed 
entrance into Boston of the Fitchburg Rail Road. 
[184-] Scale 1 : 24,000. 41 X 71 cm. 

Street map of part of Boston showing the rail- 
road yards and the passenger depot. 

At the upper right of the plan is the "Proposed 
Plan of Depot of Granite. Front View on Cause- 
way Street." Chartered on March 3, 1842. 

Florida Railroad 

407 
Koerner, P. W. Oscar. [Sketch map of north- 
eastern Florida showing the Florida Railroad and 
proposed connections] Jan. 1860. Ms. Scale 
1:360,000. 54X50 cm. 

Most of title and several small unimportant sec- 
tions of the map are missing. 

Florida Transit and Peninsula Railroad 

408 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Maps 
showing the Florida Transit and Peninsula Rail 
Road and its connections. New York, 1882. col. 
Scales 1:1,140,000 and 1:3,800,000. 2 maps on 
one sheet 47X67 cm. 

Maps of southern United States. Main map 
covers Florida and vicinity and indicates drainage, 
cities and towns, township and county boundaries, 
railroads, and the land grant in central Florida. 
General map shows connections to southern and 
Gulf states. 

List gives distances for lines in operation and 
under construction. 

Fort Scott, Topeka, and Lincoln Railroad 

409 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Colton's 
map of the United States showing the route & 
connections of the Fort Scott, Topeka & Lincoln 
R.R. New York, 1883. col. Scale 1:3,168,000. 
77X100 cm. 



72 



INDIVIDUAL RAILROAD LINES 



Map of the eastern half of the United States 
showing relief by hachures, drainage, railroads 
with emphasis on the main line. 

Fort Wayne and Southern Railroad 

410 
Holman, W. J. A section of Cohen's large map 
of Indiana with the Fort Wayne and Southern 
Rail Road marked upon it, as located also a map 
of the United States showing Road and its con- 
nections together with a profile of the Ohio river 
and lands adjoining and a section of the double 
track rail road tunnel under the Ohio river at 
Louisville, Kentucky & JefTersonville, Indiana for 
the year 1855 ending Oct. 1. W. J. Holman, 
President and Chief Engr. Wm. W. Rose, Lith. 
N.Y. Scale ca. 1:350,000. 76X105 cm. 

Scale of map of the eastern half of the United 
States is ca. 1:3,300,000. The map indicates 
"Railroads finished and under way" and "rail- 
roads proposed." Chartered January 15, 1849. 

Fox River Valley Railroad 

411 
Lipman & Riddle. Fox River Valley R.R. in 
Wisconsin with its connections. Lipman & Riddle, 
Lith. Milwaukee, [1857] Scale ca. 1:600,000. 
55X74 cm. 

Shows area of southern Wisconsin and northern 
Illinois. Indicates county boundaries, larger cities, 
and some drainage. The line was chartered in 1852 
and constructed in 1854. 

Fredericksburg and Gordonsville Railroad 

412 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the Fredericksburg & Gordonsville Rail 
Road of Virginia, leading from Fredericksburg, 
via Orange C.H., to Charlottesville, where it con- 
nects with the Chesapeake & Ohio R.R. and the 
extension of the Orange & Alexandra R.R. to 
Lynchburg. New York, 1869. col. Scale 1 : 760,320. 
58X87 cm. 

Map of the middle Atlantic states showing relief 
by hachures, drainage, cities and towns, canals, 
roads, and railroads, with emphasis on the main 
lines. Includes a list of distances for "Short Cut to 
Tide-Water . . ." Chartered March 1, 1853. Name 
changed in 1876 to the Potomac, Fredericksburg, 
and Piedmont Railroad. See entry 541. 

Fremont and Indiana Railroad 

413 
Medberry, S. Map of the Fremont and Indiana 
Rail Road and its connections. December 1858. 



Engr. by W. H. Arthur & Co. N.Y. Scale ca. 
1:2,300,000. 47X95 cm. 

Map of the northeastern and north-central 
United States showing drainage, place names, state 
boundaries, and the completed and proposed rail- 
road network. Chartered April 25, 1853. Opened 
in 1859. 

Gelena and Chicago Union Railroad 

414 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the location of the Gelena & Chicago 
Union Railroad with its branches & connections 
in Illinois, Wisconsin, Iowa and Minnesota. New 
York, 1862. col. Scale ca. 1 : 1,250,000. 36X64 cm. 

Map of the midwestern United States showing 
drainage, cities and towns, counties, and the rail- 
road network with emphasis on the main line. 
Chartered January 16, 1836, constructed in 1853. 
Consolidated into the Chicago and Northwestern 
Railway, 1864. See entries 369 and 370. 

Geneva and Hornellsville Railroad 

415 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the Geneva & Hornellsville Railroad and 
its connections. New York, 1875. Scale 1:570,240. 
49X56 cm. 

Map of western New York and part of Pennsyl- 
vania showing drainage, cities and towns, counties, 
and the railroads with emphasis on the main line. 
See entry 562. 

Georgia Railroad 

416 
Thomson, J. Edgar. A map of the Georgia Rail 
Road and the several lines of railroad connecting 
with it. Febr. 1839. P. S. Duval, Lith. Phila. Scale 
1:2,000,000. 56X74 cm. 

"The Georgia Rail-Road extends from Augusta 
Geo. The head of navigation on the Savannah 
River to the Western and Atlantic Rail-Road — 
which it joins — near Decatur. Length 165 miles. 
Length of W & A R.R. 130 miles— making the 
total distance from the navigable waters of the 
Atlantic to those of the Mississippi 295 miles. — 
The greatest rise on this route is 36 feet per mile 
and no stationary power required on the whole 
line." 

Map of the southeastern United States indicating 
drainage, relief by hachures, place names, roads, 
canals in blue, Georgia Railroad in red, "R.R. 
completed & in progress" in yellow, "R.R. char- 
tered & proposed" in brown. Probably made to 
accompany his Report of the Engineer in Chief, 



Fort Wayne & Southern— Hannibal & St. Joseph 



73 



Mav 13, 1839. Created by Act of December 21, 
1836. See also items 613 and 614. 



Gettysburg Railroad 

417 
Campbell, Henry R. Map and profile of the 
Gettysburg Rail Road as surveyed by order of the 
legislature of Pennsylvania. 1839. Philadelphia, 
P. S. Duval & Co., i839. Scale 1:80,000. 31X85 
cm. 

Survey map and profile of part of Pennsylvania 
and Maryland from Gettysburg to the Potomac 
River. Shows relief by hachures along the line, 
creeks, roads, and cities and tovi'ns. Chartered on 
January 9, 1838; constructed December 1, 1858. 

Grand Rapids and Indiana Railroad 

418 
Colton (G. VV. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the Grand Rapids & Indiana Railroad. 
And its connections. New York, 1871. col. Scale ca. 
1 : 4,000,000. 28X20 cm. on sheet 28X40 cm. 

Advertising map covering Michigan and vicinity. 
Shows drainage, cities and towns, railroad land 
grant, and the railroad network emphasizing the 
main line. Information on bond sale by Winslow, 
Lanier & Co., N.Y., on the verso. Under construc- 
tion by Continental Improvement Company, 
George W. Cass, President. 



Great Central Railway 

419 
Schuchman, William. Map of the Great Central 
Railway Line of the west and connecting lines. 
1854. VVm. Schuchman Lith., Pitts, col. Scale ca. 
1:1,400,000. 98X40 cm. 

Map of the north-central and northeastern 
United States showing some drainage, state bound- 
aries, and place names along the railroad lines. 
Covers area between New York City and St. 
Louis, Mo. 

420 
Tunis, W. E. International rail road guide of 
the Great Central Route. Published by W. E. 
Tunis, Printer, Book-Seller, and Stationer, Niagara 
Falls, N.Y., [1855?] col. Scale ca. 1:4,000,000. 
33X66 cm. 

Shows railroad lines in the north-central and 
northeastern United States connecting with the 
Michigan Central and New York Central Rail- 
roads. 



421 
Noble, C. E. Map of the Great Central Route 
and its connections. The most central, attractive, 
direct and reliable thoroughfare between the east- 
ern and western states. Engraved and printed in 
oil colors by Thomas & Lathrops, Buffalo, N.Y. 
Entered according to act of Congress, in the year 
1856. col. Scale ca. 1:3,250,000. 36X80 cm. 

At right of map: "Statistics of suspension bridge." 
Outline map of the north-central and north- 
eastern states indicating larger cities, county 
boundaries, and railroad network emphasizing the 
Michigan Central Railroad and the Great Western 
Railway. 

Inset: [View of] Mammoth suspension bridge 
over Niagara River in view of the falls. 

Great Kennesaw Route 

422 
Matthews, Northrup & Co. Map of the Great 
Kennesaw Route via Washington, Roanoke and, 
Knoxville. Buffalo, 1890. col. Scale ca. 1 : 5,000,000. 
45X85 cm. 

Map of the United States showing relief by 
hachures, drainage, cities and towns, state bound- 
aries, and the railroad network with named lines. 
Heavy black lines emphasize the main line. See 
entry 614. 

Great Western and Lake Erie Railroad 

423 
Herron, James Map of the proposed Great West- 
ern and Lake Erie Rail Road of Pennsylvania 
projected for the Sunbury Erie and Pittsburg [sic] 
Rail Road Convention by James Herron Civil 
Engineer. 1847. Engraved by J. L. Townley. 
Scale ca. 1 : 1,100,000. 48X67 cm. 

Physical map of Pennsylvania and parts of 
adjacent states showing drainage, relief by hach- 
ures, spot heights in feet, state boundaries, canals, 
cities and towns. Finished and proposed railroads 
with names of lines and mileages are indicated. 

Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad 

424 
Colton, George Woolworth. Map of the Hannibal 
& St. Joseph Railroad and its connections pub- 
lished by the American Railway Review, New 
York. Engraved & printed by G. Woolworth 
Colton, N.Y. Entered according to Act of Congress, 
in the year 1 860. col. Scale 1 : 1 ,267,200. 23 X 38 cm. 

Township map of northern Missouri and parts 
of Kansas and Illinois showing rivers, place names, 
railroads, and the land grant to the Hannibal & 
St. Joseph Railroad. Profile of the railroad is 



74 



INDIVIDUAL RAILROAD LINES 



C. W. Colton's 1860 township map of the Hannibal & 
St. Joseph Railroad, showing the land granted to the 
rail line. This type of mapping contributed to the 
development of distorted timetable maps, which placed 
emphasis on specific lines by positioning stations evenly 
along heavy, dark lines. {Entry 424) 




shown across bottom of map. Chartered in 1847 
and completed in 1859. 

425 
Thomas, G. F. Hannibal & St. Joseph Railway 
& connections. New York, D. Appleton & Co., 
1863. Scale not given. 11X15 cm. 

From Appletons' Illustrated Railway and Steam 
Navigation Guide (New York, 1863). 

Small sketch map showing drainage and the 
major cities and towns in the midwest. Includes 
railroad stations along a heavy distorted line repre- 
senting the main railroad line in Missouri. This is 
an early example of the typical timetable map 
developed in the 1870's which was designed to 
place emphasis on specific routes. 

Harrisburg to Pittsburgh Railroad 

426 
Map of the projected railway from Harrisburg to 
Pittsburg [sic], with proposed extensions to Cleve- 
land, Wooster, Sandusky, Toledo, Cincinnati. 
Michigan City, Chicago, Galena, Rock Island, St. 
Louis, &a. in connection with the public works of 



Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana and Illinois. [1840- 
1849] col. Scale ca. 1 : 2,500,000. 40 X 104 cm. 

Covers area between Massachusetts and Vir- 
ginia and west to the Mississippi River. Shows 
"finished" and "proposed" railroads. A mileage 
chart entitled "Rail Road Routes from Seaboard 
to the Interior" appears at lower right of map. 
Harrisburg to Pittsburgh Railroad is part of the 
Pennsylvania Railroad. See entry 517. 

Hillsborough and Cincinnati Railroad 

427 
Jacobi, L. Hillsborough & Cincinnati Rail-road 
map extending from Hillsborough, Highland Co. 
to the coal field at Jackson. Jackson Co. Ohio. 
As located in 1852 under the direction of Ellwood 
Morris, Chief Engr. N. F. Jones, Princ. Assist. 
Eng. [1852] Scale 1:126,720. 21X70 cm. 

Topographic strip map indicating drainage, re- 
lief by hachures, roads, houses, property owners 
names, and county names. 

This line was chartered in Ohio, March 2, 1846. 
It was purchased by the Baltimore and Ohio 
Railroad in 1860. 



Harrisburg to Pittsburgh— Iowa Central 



75 



428 
Jacobi, L. Hillsborough & Cincinnati Railroad 
map extending from Jackson, Jackson Co. Ohio to 
Parkersburg, Va. As located in 1853 under the 
direction of Ellwood Morris, Chief Eng. N. E. 
Jones, S. Linton, Princ. Assist. Engrs. [1853] Scale 
1:126,720. 25X75 cm. 

Topographic strip map indicating drainage, re- 
lief by hachures, roads, houses, property owners 
names, and county names. 

This line was chartered in Ohio, March 2, 1846. 
It was purchased by the Baltimore and Ohio Rail- 
road in 1860. 

Houston and Texas Central Railroad 

429 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the Houston & Texas Central Railroad 
and its connections. Prepared at Colton's Geo- 
graphic Establishment. N.Y., 1867. New York, 
1867. Scale ca. 1:3,200,000. 56X64 cm. 

Part of southwestern United States showing re- 
lief by hachures, drainage, cities and towns, coun- 
ties, and the railroad network with emphasis on 
the main line. 

Hudson River Railroad 

430 
Moore, W. C. Map of the Hudson River Rail 
Road from New York to Albany. Entered accord- 
ing to Act of Congress in the year 1848 by G. 
Snyder. Engraved by Robt. Haering, N.Y. Scale 
1:63,360. 43X382 cm. 

Topographic strip map of the Hudson River 
Valley from Waterford to New York City, showing 
drainage, relief by hachures, county and township 
boundaries, cities and towns, roads and canals. 
Indicates the track of the Hudson River Railroad 
and the "line surveyed but not adopted." 

LC also has a copy with ms. triangulation lines 
and place names added between Dobbs Ferry and 
Peekskill and a full-size, colored manuscript copy, 
on tracing linen "Traced by Jna. A. Cambell 
July 25, 1856. Note: "Copied in the Office of the 
Coast Survey . . . Washington, D.C. July 25, 1856" 
Signed: H. W. Benham, Capt. of Engr. 

Chartered in 1846 and consolidated with New 
York Central Railroad. See entries 486^88. 

Illinois Central Railroad 

431 
Rand McNally and Company. Map of Illinois 
Central R.R. [Chicago, 1892] col. Scale ca. 
1:2,700,000. 92X62 cm. 

At top of map in ms: "Reed with RR Co. 



Report June 30/92 (Actually reed. Oct. 14/92)." 
U.S. central states from Great Lakes to Gulf of 
Mexico, showing relief by hachures, drainage, 
cities and towns, roads and railroads. Principal 
north-south line, chartered in 1850 and incor- 
porated in 1851. 706 miles opened for traffic in 
1856. First railroad to receive lands granted by 
the passage of the "Illinois Central Land Grant 
Bill." 

Indiana and Illinois Central Railway 

432 
Colton (G. VV. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the Indiana & Illinois Central Railway 
and its connections. New York, 1872. Scale 
1:1,267,200. 68X71 cm. 

Shows north-central United States and in- 
cludes drainage, cities and towns, township and 
county boundaries, and the railroad network with 
emphasis on the main line. Chartered January 1, 
1853. Completed in 1873. Became part of the 
Cincinnati, Indianapolis, and Western Railway. 

Indiana, Bloomington, and Western 
Railway 

433 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. The 
Indiana, Bloomington and Western Railway Sys- 
tem. New York, 1881. col. Scale 1:1,267,200. 
46X80 cm. 

Map of the north-central United States showing 
drainage, cities and towns, township and county 
boundaries, and the railroad network with empha- 
sis on the main line. 

LC also has a reduced edition of 1882. 22X50 



Iowa and Missouri State Line Railroad 

434 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the Iowa & Missouri State Line Railroad 
and its connections. New York, 1868. col. Scale 
1:1,267,200. 176X50 cm. 

Township and county map of the northern 
United States showing drainage, cities and towns, 
and the railroad network emphasizing the main 
line. 



Iowa Central Air Line Railroad 

435 
Colton (J. H.) & Company. Map of the Iowa 
Central Air Line Rail Road and its connections. 
Engraved & printed by J. H. Colton & Co., New 
York. Entered according to act of Congre.ss in the 
year 1857. Scale ca. 1:1,550,000. 69X94 cm. 



76 



INDIVIDUAL RAILROAD LINES 



Detailed township map of the north-central 
states indicating drainage, cities and towns, town- 
ships, county boundaries, the road and railroad 
networks, and in blue overprint the connections 
with the Iowa Central line. 

Inset: [Map of the northern United States] 
17X76 cm. 

Iowa Railroad 

436 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing location of lands belonging to the Iowa 
Rail Road Land Company Iowa Falls, and Sioux 
City R.R. Land Company Sioux City, and Pacific 
Land Company & Elkhorn Land Company. J. T 
McAlvin, Del. I. R.R. Land Department, Cedar. 
Rapids, Iowa. 1871. New York, 1871. Scale ca. 
1:1,250,000. 41X68 cm. 

Map of the midwestern states showing drainage, 
township and counties, land grants, railroads with 
named lines. Includes geographical description and 
advertising. 

Jackson, Lansing, and Saginaw Railroad 

437 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the Jackson, Lansing & Saginaw Rail- 
road and its connections. New York, 1867. col. 
Scale 1 : 1,267,200. 64X44 cm. 

Map of the Great Lakes area showing drainage, 
cities and towns, township and county boundaries, 
and the railroad network with emphasis on the 
main line. 



Jacksonville, North Western, and South 
Eastern Railway 

438 
Watson, Gaylord. Map showing the Jacksonville 
North Western and South Eastern Railway and 
its connections. New York [185-] col. Scale 
1:1,050,000. 59X64 cm. 

Map of Illinois, Indiana, and parts of adjacent 
states showing drainage, stations, and the railroad 
network. 

Kansas and Gulf Short Line Railroad 

439 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the Kansas & Gulf Short Line R.R. and 
the Texas & St. Louis R'y with its branches, ex- 
tensions and connections. New York, 1881. col. 
Scale 1:2,090,880. 77X77 cm. 

Detailed map of the central portion of the United 
States showing drainage, cities and towns, and the 



iron and timber areas in Texas. Indicates the rail- 
road network with emphasis on the main lines. 

La Crosse and Milwaukee Railroad 

440 
Colton, Joseph Hutchins. Map of the La Crosse 
and Milwaukee Rail Road and connections. J. H. 
Colton & Co., New York, 1855. Scale ca. 
1:2,150,000. 61X102 cm. 

G4071.P3L2 1855.C611 

Map of the northeastern and north-central 
United States indicating major drainage, larger 
cities, state boundaries, and the railroad network. 
Chartered April 2, 1852. 

Inset: [Enlarged map of central Wisconsin] 
20X37 cm. 

Lake Erie and Louisville Railway 

441 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the line of the Lake Erie and Louisville 
Railway and its connections. New York, 1872. col. 
Scale 1:1,267,200. 55X69 cm. 

Map of the north-central states showing drain- 
age, cities and towns, and the railroad network 
with emphasis on the main line. Consolidation of 
the Fremont, Lima, and Union and the Lake 
Erie and Pacific Railroads, February 4, 1865. 

Lexington and Big Sandy Railroad 

442 
Westbrook, J. B. Map of the Lexington and Big 
Sandy Railroad showing the connections. 1853. 
J. B. Westbrook, Chief Engineer. Middleton & 
Wallace Litho. Cin. O. Scale ca. 1:1,700,000. 
63X98 cm. 

Outline map of the middle Atlantic and mid- 
western states showing the railroad network in 
operation and under construction. Chartered in 

1852 and opened to traffic in 1857. 

Little Rock and Fort Smith Railroad 

443 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Maps 
showing the connections of the Little Rock and 
Fort Smith Railroad and its land grant. New 
York, 1873. col. Scale of main map ca. 1 : 7,000,000. 
79X65 cm. 

Two maps on one sheet. Main map shows entire 
United States with its railroad system and empha- 
sizes the main line. 

Secondary map shows land grants. Chartered in 

1853 and opened in 1870. 



Iowa — Louisville, New Orleans, & Texas 



77 



444 
[U.S. General Land Office] Map of Franklin 
County, Arkansas; showing the land grant of the 
Little Rock & Fort Smith Railway. [Washington, 
1893] col. Scale ca. 1 : 120,000. 63X40 cm. 

Detailed county map showing relief by hachures, 
drainage, township and range lines, cities and 
towns, roads, and railroads. Railroad land grant 
distinguished by color. 

Lock Haven and Tyrone Railroad 

445 
McMinn, J. M. Map of the proposed Lock 
Haven & Tyrone Rail Road. By J. M. McMinn, 
Esqr. Civil Engineer. P. S. Duval & Co's Lithy. 
Philada. [1858] Scale 1:47,520. 23X183 cm. 

Strip map, showing drainage, relief by hachures, 
cities and towns, roads, and a canal, between the 
Susquehanna and the Juniata Rivers in Penn- 
sylvania. 

Logansport and Northern Indiana Railroad 

446 
Nash, L. S. Rail road map accompanying the 
report an[d] exhibit of the Logansport & Northern 
Indiana Railroad showing its connections and the 
through route from St. Louis to New York of 
which this road forms a part. Logansport, Indiana 
May 1st 1854. L. S. Nash, Chief Engineer. D. 
McLellan Lith., New York. col. Scale ca. 
1:2,160,000. 108X35 cm. 

Map of the north-central and northeastern 
United States showing drainage, relief by hachures, 
place names, and state boundaries. Chartered as 
the Auburn and Eel River Valley Rail Road on 
March 8, 1853. Name changed August 3, 1853. 

Long Island Railroad 

447 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
of Long Island showing the Long Island Railroad 
and its leased lines, col. Scale ca. 1 : 400,000. New 
York, 1882. 19X52 cm. 

Shows all of New York City and Long Island. 
Indicates drainage, cities and towns, township and 
county boundaries, and the railroad network. 
Chartered on April 24, 1834. 

448 
Long Island R.R. Company. Map of Long 
Island showing the Long Island Railroad. cl884. 
col. Scale ca. 1:400,000. 19X53 cm. 

In upper right of map: Mileage of the Long 
Island R.R. 

Map showing drainage, township and county 



boundaries, cities and towns, roads, and railroads. 
LC has "Large version" cl886 which measures 
39X107 cm. 

449 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
of New York City, Brooklyn, and vicinity, shewing 
[sic] suburban lines of Long Island Railroad and 
its connections. New York, 1885. col. Scale 
1:58,000. 69X47 cm. 

Map of the five borough area of New York 
showing drainage, settlements, streets, roads, and 
railroads. "Manhattan (El.) R'y," "Long Island 
R.R.," "proposed Cable El. R'y," and connec- 
tions are color coded. 

Louisville and Cincinnati Branch Railroad 

450 
Thatcher, Edwin. Map of surveys for the Louis- 
ville & Cincinnati B'ch Railroad. I. M. St. John, 
Chief Eng'. 1866. Louisville, Ky., German Bros. 
Lith., 1866. col. Scale ca. 1:600,000. 45X61 cm. 

From Report oj the Surveys and Estimates of the 
Louisville and Cincinnati Branch Railroad (Louisville, 
John P. Morton, 1866). 

Map of northern Kentucky showing drainage, 
cities and towns, counties, roads, railroads, and 
completed, located, experimental and old survey 
lines. Includes the five survey lines proposed for a 
railroad between Louisville and Covington. 

Louisville, New Albany, and St. Louis Air 
Line Railroad 

451 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the line of -the Louisville, New Albany, and 
St. Louis Air Line Railroad and its connections. 
New York, 1872. col. Scale 1:2,217,600. 41X92 
cm. 

Map of the middle Atlantic and central United 
States showing drainage, cities and towns, state 
and county boundaries, and the railroad network 
with emphasis on the main lines. Indicates coal 
field in Illinois and Indiana. 



Louisville, New Orleans, and Texas 
Railroad 

452 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the route of the Louisville, New Orleans, 
and Texas Railroad and its connecting lines. New 
York, 1883. col. Scale ca. 1:3,800,000. 46X112 
cm. 

Map of the United States showing relief by 
hachures, drainage, state boundaries, cities and 



78 



INDIVIDUAL RAILROAD LINES 



towns, and the railroad network with emphasis 
on the main hne. 



Manassas Gap Railroad 

453 
Dwyer, Thomas. Map of the Manassas Gap Rail- 
road and its extensions. September, 1855. Balti- 
more, A. Hoen & Co., 1855. col. Scale 1:253,440. 
60X94 cm. 

Topographical map of part of northern Virginia 
showing relief by hachures, drainage, cities and 
towns, counties, roads, and railroads with distances. 
Includes profiles. Chartered March 11, 1850. 
Opened in 1854 from Manassas Junction to Stras- 
burg. Va. Consolidated June 1, 1867, with the 
Orange and Alexandria, forming the Orange, 
Alexandria, and Manassas Railroad. See entries 
507 and 508. 



Manhattan Railway 

454 

Latimer, H. L Map and guide of the elevated rail- 
roads of New York City. New York [1881] cl 881. 
col. Scale ca. 1:29,000. 80X62 cm. 

At top of map: "Manhattan Railway. Official 
map and guide to all the elevated railways in 
New York City." 

Outline map of Manhattan showing stations. 
Includes train schedule and list of points of interest. 



Marietta and Cincinnati Railroad 

455 
Jenney, W. L. B. Map of rail road line between 
Loveland and Cincinnati. Marietta and Cincinnati 
Rail Road. 1860. Scale ca. 1:60,000. 19X57 cm. 

Physical map of part of Hamilton County, Ohio, 
showing relief by hachures, drainage, the location 
of the main line, and other operating and proposed 
lines, roads, cities, and towns. Reorganized August 
1, 1860. 



Marietta and Pittsburgh Railroad 

456 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
of the Marietta and Pittsburgh Railroad and its 
connections. New York, 1871. col. Scale ca. 
1:1,300,000. 37X59 cm. 

Detailed map of Ohio and vicinity showing 
drainage, cities and towns, mineral deposits, and 
the railroad network, with emphasis on the main 
line. 



Memphis and Little Rock Railroad 

457 
Woodward, Tieman & Hale. Map of the lands 
of the Memphis & Little Rock Railroad Company 
(as reorganized) 1878. [St. Louis, 1878] col. Scale 
ca. 1:190,100. 49X122 cm. 

Annotated in ms. "All the original maps & 
profiles were burned up several years ago. S. S. 
Gameto." 

Map covers part of Arkansas between Memphis 
and Little Rock showing drainage, prairie lands, 
counties, cities and towns, township and county 
lines, county roads, and the railroads. 

Memphis and New Orleans Railroad 

458 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the route and connections of the Memphis 
and New Orleans Railroad. New York, 1882. 
Scale 1:1,267,200. 60X58 cm. 

Gulf states showing drainage, cities and towns, 
counties, and the railroad network, with empha- 
sis on the main line. 

Metropolitan Railroad 

459 
[Metropolitan Railroad] Through route west to 
Pittsburg [sic] [1853] col. Scale not given. 43X92 
cm. 

Outline map of the middle Atlantic states show- 
ing existing routes and, in red, the advantages of 
the proposed Metropolitan Railroad connections. 

The state of Maryland authorized extension of 
this line to Cumberland in January 1853. 

460 

Hutton, W. R. Map of the located route of the 
Metropolitan Rail Road and the adjacent country 
comprising the District of Columbia and the coun- 
ties of Montgomery, Frederick, and Washington 
in the state of Maryland. Francis Dodge president 
M.R.R. Company, Edmund French, chief engi- 
neer. W. R. Hutton draughtsman. Completed 
April 30, 1855 from surveys made in 1853 and 
1854. [Washington, 1855] Scale 1:126,720. 60X94 
cm. (Toner Collection) 

Topographical map of part of Maryland showing 
relief by hachures, drainage, cities and towns, 
canals, the Washington Aqueduct, roads, and rail- 
roads with mileage on the main survey line. 
Chartered in 1853. 

461 
Fava, Francis R., Jr. Real estate map of the 
Metropolitan Branch of the Baltimore and Ohio 
Railroad Company between Washington, D.C. and 



Manassas Gap— Mississippi Valley 



79 



Rockville, Md. and adjacent land holdings. Com- 
piled from latest official authorities & actual sur- 
veys by Fava Naeff & Co. Civil Engineers & 
Architects, Corcoran Building, Washington, D.C. 
1890. col. Scale ca. 1:24,000. 49X115 cm. 

Autographed by author. Stamped on the verso 
"Gilbert Thompson." 

Cadastral map showing drainage, park lands, 
streets, roads, railroads, some buildings, and names 
of property owners. Includes railroad profile. 



Michigan Southern Railroad 

462 
[Jervis, John B.] Skeleton map. Showing the 
position and connections of the Michigan Southern 
Rail Road (from Toledo to Chicago) with the 
several great rail road routes to the Altantic sea- 
board and New York City via the south shore of 
Lake Erie. [1850] Lith. of Wm. Endicott & Co. 
N.Y. 1850. Scale ca. 1:3,000,000. 22X51 cm. 

Outline map of the northeastern United States 
showing railroads in operation, under construction, 
and under proposal. Chartered in 1846 and con- 
solidated April 1855 with the Northern Indiana 
Railroad under the name Michigan Southern and 
Northern Indiana Railroad. 



Milwaukee and Horicon Railroad 

463 
Vliet, Jasper. Township map of Wisconsin show- 
ing The Milwaukee & Horicon Rail Road and its 
connections. 1857. Lith. F. Mayer & Co., N.Y. 
Entered according to an act of Congress in the 
District of Wisconsin in the year of 1857 by Jos. 
Hamilton, col. Scale ca. 1:1,400,000. 46X41 cm. 

Map of Wisconsin and parts of adjacent states 
showing drainage, state boundaries, township lines, 
cities, and towns. 



Milwaukee and St. Paul Railroad 

464 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the line of the Milwaukee & St. Paul 
Railroad and its western and north western con- 
nections. New York, 1865. Scale 1:1,267,200. 
85X69 cm. 

Map of the midwest showing drainage, cities 
and towns, township and county boundaries rail- 
roads with named lines and the main line empha- 
sized. 

LC also has a colored edition dated 1866, and 
an 1867 edition measuring 46X88 cm. See entry 
378. 



465 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the completed lines of the Milwaukee and 
Saint Paul Railway Company. New York, 1872. 
col. Scale 1:3,800,000. 36X55 cm. 

General map of the north-central states showing 
drainage, cities and towns, and completed rail- 
roads in color. 

Inset: Mileage of completed lines. 

Milwaukee and Superior Railroad 

466 
Nesbitt (Geo. F.) & Company. Map of the 
Milwaukee & Superior Rail Road and its connec- 
tions. New York, 1857. Scale ca. 1:1,625,000. 
42X29 cm. 

Map of Wisconsin and parts of Illinois and 
Michigan showing drainage, county boundaries, 
larger cities, and the railroad network. The main 
line is in red, and the Milwaukee and Chicago 
Railroad is in blue. 



Mine Hill and Schuylkill-Haven Railroad 

467 
Poole, Henry W. Topographical map of the 
Mine Hill and Schuylkill-Haven Rail Road with 
its branches and extension to Ashland. Surveyed 
and drawn by Henry W. Poole, Civl. Topi. Ming. 
Engr. Pottsville, Pa. Dec. 1854, to accompany the 
Report to the stockholders. Scale 1 : 24,000. 99X99 
cm. 

Map of Pennsylvania between Schuylkill Haven 
and Ashland showing drainage, relief by hachures, 
cities, towns, individual buildings, mines, mills, 
and the mining branch rail lines. Chartered on the 
March 24, 1828. 13 miles opened in 1831. Com- 
pleted to Ashland in 1857. See entry 468. 

468 
Duval (P. S.) & Co. Map of the Mine Hill & 
Schuylkill Haven R.R. & branches. [1857] col. 
Scale 1:48,000. 57X55 cm. 

Map of part of Pennsylvania between Schuylkill 
Haven and Ashland, showing drainage, cities, 
towns, individual buildings, mines, mills, and the 
branch rail lines connecting with the Philadelphia 
Reading & Pottsville R.R. 

Mississippi Valley Railroad 

469 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the route and connections of the 
Mississippi Valley Railroad of Louisiana. E. Bald- 
win, chief engineer. New York, 1882. col. Scale 
1:1,267,200. 61X56 cm. 



80 



INDIVIDUAL RAILROAD LINES 



Map of Louisiana and Mississippi showing drain- 
age, cities and towns, township and county bound- 
aries, and the railroad network, with emphasis on 
the main Hne. 



Map of New England showing drainage, cities 
and towns, counties, distances, and the railroad 
network with named lines. 



Mobile and North Western Railroad 

470 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the route of the Mobile & North Western 
Railroad, and its connections by land and sea. 
Henry Van Vleck chief engineer. New York, 1871. 
col. Scale 1:1,267,200. 63X83 cm. 

Map of Mississippi and vicinity showing relief 
by hachures, drainage, cities and towns, state, 
county, and township boundaries, and the railroad 
network, with emphasis on the main lines. 

Inset: [General map of the United States and 
Mexico] 63X37 cm. 



Montana Railroad 

471 
Policy, J. F. Map of central Montana. The 
Montana Railroad. September 1, 1899. Blue- 
print. 42X58 cm. 

Shows relief by hachures, drainage, township 
and county boundaries, military reservations, 
wagon roads, and railroads. 

Nashville, Chattanooga, and St. Louis 
Railway 

472 
Danley, W. L. Map of the Nashville, Chattanooga 
and St. Louis Ry. And connections. Copyright, 
1889 by W. L. Danley, Gen'l Pass'r Ag't. Buffalo, 
N.Y., Matthews, Northrup & Co., 1889. col. Scale 
ca. 1:4,000,000. 59X99 cm. 

Map of United States showing major relief by 
hachures, drainage, cities and towns, railroad sta- 
tions, the railroad network with emphasis on 
Tennessee. Names of railroads along the lines are 
indicated. 

This line was first chartered under Nashville 
and Chattanooga Railroad on December 1 1, 1845. 
Its present name dates from 1873. 

Insets: Map of Chattanooga. 17X20 cm. — Map 
of Nashville and West Nashville, Tenn. 23X28 cm. 
— Map of Mexico and the West Indies. 20X40 cm 

New Haven, Middletown, and Boston 
Railroad 

473 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the line of the New Haven, Middletown, 
and Boston Railroad and its connections. New 
York, 1867. col. Scale ca. 1:900,000. 60X66 cm. 



New Orleans and Ohio Railroad 

474 
McBean, William. A map of a part of the south- 
ern & western states showing the contemplated 
route of the New Orleans & Ohio Railroad and 
the Central Railroad of Illinois, also the route of 
the Mobile & Ohio Railroad representing the most 
central, direct and practicable route for a great 
national and commercial highway between the 
Gulf of Mexico and the Great Northern Lakes, 
and by various branches and intersections with 
other Railways connecting with all the principal 
cities of the United States. Lithogr. by Manouvrier 
& Snell, New Orleans, 1850. Scale ca. 
1:15,000,000. 45X28 cm. 

The map covers an area from Lake Michigan 
to the Mississippi delta, and from Columbus, Ohio, 
to Little Rock, Ark. It shows Ft. Massac and 
"Capitol City" in southern Illinois and northern 
Kentucky as sites selected by the U.S. for the 
"Western Armory," and the probable future site 
for the seat of government of the United States 
or Western District of Columbia. Chartered Jan- 
uary 9, 1852. 



New Orleans, Mobile, and Chattanooga 
Railroad 

475 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the New Orleans, Mobile & Chattanooga 
Railroad and its connections. New York, 1865. 
Scale 1:3,168,000. 53X83 cm. 

Map of the eastern half of the United States 
showing drainage, cities and towns, counties, and 
the railroad network. 

Inset: Map showing the relation of Mobile & 
N.O. to the ports of Mexico, Central America, 
and the W.I. 21X21 cm. 

476 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the line of the New Orleans, Mobile & 
Chattanooga Railroad. And also the chief agricul- 
tural and mineral districts of the state of Alabama. 
New York, 1867. cl865. Scale 1 : 1,267,200. 54X50 
cm. 

Map of Alabama and vicinity showing drainage, 
cities and towns, and the railroad network. Indi- 
cates completed and proposed lines and names of 
lines. Includes township and county boundaries. 



Mobile & North Western— New York & New Haven 



81 



New Orleans, Opelousas, and Great 
Western Railroad 

477 
Bayley, G. W. R. Map of part of the state of 
Louisiana exhibiting the route of the New-Orleans, 
Opelousas & Great Western Rail Road. By G. W. 
R. Bayley, chief engineer. N[ew] 0[rleans] Eng. 
by Childs & Hammond [1853] col. Scale ca. 
1:550,000. 35X54 cm. 

G4011.P3N3 1853 .B3 

"New Orleans to Berwick's Bay by Rail Road, 
80 miles." 

Mississippi delta area shows drainage, sugar 
crop, parishes, major cities and towns, canals, and 
railroads with lines named and distances on the 
main line. This railroad was opened for first 50 
miles on March 6, 1854. It was purchased in 1878 
by the Morgan's Louisiana and Texas Railroad. 

478 
Okelomski, F. A. Sketch showing the route of 
the New Orleans, Opelousas & Great Western Rail 
Road. J. G. Gibbes, Chief Engr. Lithographic 
[sic] agent D. Theuret, Exchange Alley [New 
Orleans] Eduard Heren grav. 1853. Scale 
1:3,041,280. 45X75 cm. 

Across top of map: "Distance from New Or- 
leans to the Pacific 1,600 miles." 

Rough outline map of the southwestern United 
States showing major rivers and few important 
cities. Relief is indicated by hachures. 

479 
Bayley, G. W. R. Map exhibiting the fixed loca- 
tion of the main trunk of the New-Orleans, 
Opelousas & Great Western Railroad of Louisiana, 
together with its proposed branches, connections 
and extensions in Louisiana, Arkansas & Texas. — 
Also its connecting steamship routes from Berwicks 
Bay to ports in the Gulf of Mexico, together with 
the advantages in point of directness & diminished 
distance to the Pacific Coast. New Orleans, La. 
January 24th, 1859. New Orleans, Hammond, 
Engr. & Lithr., 1859. Scale 1:1,267,200. 64X94 
cm. 

Outline map of the south-central states from 
Mississippi to the Rio Grande. Shows the "Wheat 
Region of Texas." Indicates completed, located 
and proposed lines. Table of distances in left side 
of map. 



New River Railroad 

480 
Hotchkiss, Jedediah. [Route of the New River 
R.R. 188-] col. ms. Scale ca. 1:180,700. 47x38 
cm. (Jedediah Hotchkiss map coll. no. 265) 



Sketch map of part of West Virginia. Dashed 
red line across the map indicates the "Proposed 
New River R.R." Shows counties and names the 
line of railroads. 

New York and Erie Railroad 

481 
Wright, Benjamin. Map of the route of the pro- 
posed New York & Erie Railroad, as surveyed in 
1834, reduced from the plans as returned by 
Benjn. Wright, Civil Engineer. Printed by Cam- 
meyer & Clark, N.Y. D. R. Harrison, sc. Scale ca. 
1:500,000. 59X113 cm. 

Shows New York state from Westchester County 
to Lake Erie, and part of northern Pennsylvania 
and New Jersey. The line was chartered on April 
24, 1832. See entry 404. 

482 
Map showing the principal rail-road routes in the 
eastern, middle & western states, & exhibiting 
the New-York & Erie Rail-Road, with its branches 
and connections, completed or in progress. 1853. 
Scale ca. 1:1,350,000. 67X116 cm. 

Outline map of the northeastern and north- 
central United States showing the railroad net- 
work. See entry 404. 

483 
Colton (J. H.) & Company. Map of the New 
York & Erie Rail Road and its connections. The 
most direct route from New York to all western 
cities & towns. New York, 1855. col. Scale ca. 
1:3,250,000. 45X93 cm. 

G3711.P3N4 1855 .C6 

Outline map of the northeastern and north- 
central United States with the railroad network 
overprinted in red. A red border is printed around 
the map simulating a wooden frame. See entry 
404. 

New York and New Haven Railroad 

484 
Anderson, P. Map exhibiting the experimental 
and located lines for the New- York and New- 
Haven Rail-Road preliminary surveys by A. G. 
Twining, Chief Engineer. Assisted by D. L. Harris. 
J. C. Ehesbroush. E. Shotwell. Final location & 
construction by R. B. Mason, Chief Engineer. 
Asisted [sic] by B. B. Provost. P. Sours. Projected 
and drawn by P. Anderson, Civil Ingr. [sic] Febr. 
1845. Snyder & Black Lithogrs. New-York. Scale 
1:40,000. 47X315 cm. 

G3801.P3N4 1845 .A5 

Detailed topographic strip map showing the 
coast from New York City to New Haven, Conn. 



82 



INDIVIDUAL RAILROAD LINES 



Indicates drainage, relief by hachures, cities and 
towns, roads, and railroads. Chartered in 1844, 
organized in 1846, opened in 1849. 

New York and Oswego Midland Railroad 

485 
Richmond, Van R. Map showing the location of 
the N.Y. & Oswego Midland R.R. with existing 
and proposed connections. January 1st 1869. [By 
Van R. Richmond, State Engr. & Surv.] New 
York, Weed, Parsons & Co. Lith., 1869. col. Scale 
ca. 1:1,000,000. 58X72 cm. 

Map of New York State and vicinity showing 
drainage, canals, cities and towns, and named rail- 
roads. 

January 1st, 1870 edition has "W. B. Gilbert, 
Chief Engineer." 

Inset: [Great Lakes] 18X36 cm. 

New York Central and Hudson River 
Railroad 

486 
Rand McNally and Company. Map of the New 
York Central and Hudson River Railroad and 
its principal connections. Chicago, 1876. col. Scale 
not given. 31X41 cm. 

Eastern half of the United States showing major 
drainage, cities and towns, the railroad network, 
with names of lines, and the main ones indicated 
in heavy black. 

Hand indicator across southern states points to 
"The only 4 track rail road in the world all laid 
with steel rails." 

No railroad connections appear in the south 
where the hand indicator is located. 

Inset: [Western connections] 7X18 cm. 

487 
Daniels, George H. The New York Central & 
Hudson River R.R. and connections. Buffalo, 
Matthews-Northrup Co., cl893. col. Scale not 
given. 40 X 100 cm. 

Across top of map: "The health and pleasure 
resorts of New York and New England . . ." 

On the verso: "America's great resorts via New 
York Central & Hudson River R.R." 

Map of the northeastern United States showing 
relief by hachures and shading, drainage, cities 
and towns, and the railroad network. 

Note: "Only four-track railroad in the World. 
This is Americas great four-track trunk line be- 
tween the east and west. It is the direct line to 
Niagara Falls, along the historic Hudson River 
and through the beautiful Mohawk Valley. It is 
the most comfortable route between the east and 
Chicago, the 'World's Fair City.' " 



488 
Matthews, Northrup & Co. New York Central 
and Hudson River Railroad. 1900. col. Scale ca. 
1:2,300,000. 52X91 cm. 

Outline map of the northeastern United States 
showing major drainage, cities and towns, with 
named railroads distinguished by color. 

Norfolk, Albemarle, and Atlantic Railroad 

489 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Maps 
showing the Norfolk, Albermarle & Atlantic Rail- 
road and its connections. New York, 1891. col. 
Scales not given. 63X31 cm. 

Main map shows southern tidewater Virginia 
and eastern North Carolina. Indicates drainage, 
cities and towns, counties, canals, and railroads in 
blue and red. 

Inset: [Norfolk and vicinity] 25X17 cm. 

Norfolk and Cincinnati Railroad 

490 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the Norfolk and Cincinnati Railroad. And 
its connections. New York, 1882. col. Scale 
1:2,217,600. 41X54 cm. 

Map of the southern states showing drainage, 
mineral deposits, cities and towns, counties, and 
the railroad network with emphasis on the main 
line. 

Norfolk and Petersburg Railroad 

491 
Mahone, William. Map showing route of Norfolk 
& Petersburg Rail Road and its connections with 
Ohio & Mississippi Rivers. William Mahone, 
Chief Engineer. F. Bourquin & Co., Philada. W. P. 
Griffith, Norfolk, Va., [1858] Scale 1:1,267,200. 
66X116 cm. 

Map of the eastern United States between the 
Chesapeake Bay and the Mississippi River. Shows 
drainage, place names and the railroad network. 
Chartered March 17, 1851. Line completed in 
1858. Consolidated in April 1871, forming part of 
the Atlantic, Mississippi, and Ohio Railroad. 

Norfolk and Western Railroad 

492 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the Norfolk & Western Railroad and its 
connections. New York, 1887. col. Scale ca. 
1:3,800,000. 53X67 cm. 

Map of the eastern United States showing drain- 
age, cities and towns, distance by 100-mile con- 



New York & Oswego — Northern Pacific 



83 



centric circles centered on Roanoke, and the rail- 
road network with emphasis on the main line. 
This line became one of the world's greatest coal 
carriers. It began as the City Point Rail Road 
from Petersburg to City Point, a distance of 9 
miles. It was consolidated in 1870 as the Atlantic, 
Mississippi, and Ohio Railroad. See entry 491. 
It was sold in 1881 under the above name. In 
1 896 it was reorganized as the Norfolk and Western 
Railway Company. 



Norfolk, Wilmington, and Charleston 
Railroad 

493 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the Norfolk, Wilmington & Charleston 
Railroad. New York, 1891. col. Scale 1:267,000. 
70X45 cm. 

Eastern states from Philadelphia to Charleston, 
S.C., showing drainage, cities and towns, and the 
railroads with lines named and the main line 
emphasized. 



North Pennsylvania Railroad 

496 
[Miller, Edward] The North Pennsylvania Rail 
Road and its connections. Octr. 1853. Lithd. & 
printd. at A. Kollner's Lithy. Phila. col. Scale 
ca. 1:1,800,000. 44X64 cm. 

Across top of map: "Philadelphia's great north 
and Lake route." 

A table of distances appears in the lower left of 
map. 

"The North Pennsylvania Rail Road will form 
part of a line from the Wyoming mines northwest 
to the Lakes and from the Lehigh mines southeast 
to tidewater, shorter both ways, than any other 
route, from either of the Anthracite coal fields. 
It will also establish between Philadelphia and all 
places west of the longitude of Waverly, a line 
forty miles shorter than any route from the same 
places, or either of them, to the City of New York." 

Outline map of the eastern Great Lakes, east to 
Philadelphia and New York City, showing the 
east Pennsylvania coal fields. Chartered April 8, 
1852, under Philadelphia, Easton and Water-Gap 
Railroad. See entry 529. 



North East and South West Alabama 
Railroad 

494 
Hoyer & Ludwig. Map showing the N.E. & 
S.W. Alabama R.R. with its connections also the 
principal routes between New York and New 
Orleans. Lith. of Hoyer & Ludwig, Richmond, Va. 
[185-] col. Scale ca. 1 : 5,000,000. 71 X55 cm. 

Outline map of the eastern United States in- 
cluding Cuba and the Gulf of Mexico. Shows the 
railroad network and steamship routes. Indicates 
the railroad land grant and the coal and iron de- 
posits in Alabama. 

Distances from Washington, D.C., to New Or- 
leans, La. are shown below the title. Chartered in 
1853 and 1854. Consolidated with the Wills Valley 
Railroad, forming the Alabama and Chattanooga 
Railroad. 

495 
Sanford, E. D. H. V. Poor's rail road map show- 
ing particularly the location and connections of 
the North East & South West Alabama Rail Road, 
by E. D. Sanford, Civil Engineer. [1854] col. Scale 
ca. 1:2,750,000. 92X102 cm. 

Covers the United States from the Mississippi 
River east, and from Maine to northern Florida. 
Includes drainage, relief by hachures, place names, 
state boundaries, canals, and the railroad net- 
work. 



Northern and Southern West Virginia 
Railroad 

497 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Maps 
showing the connections of the Northern and 
Southern West Virginia Railroad, with the three 
grand trunk railways which unite the Atlantic sea- 
board with the Ohio River. New York, 1873. col. 
Scale of main map 1 : 760,320. 2 maps on one 
sheet, 77X46 cm. 

Main map shows central West Virginia in- 
cluding drainage, cities and towns, the coal region, 
and the railroads. General map shows northeastern 
United States with its railroad network. 



Northern Pacific Railroad 

498 
Stevens, Isaac I. Preliminary sketch of the North- 
ern Pacific Rail Road exploration and survey. By 
I. I. Stevens, Governor of Washington Territory. 
Wagner & McGuigan, Lith., Phila. [1855] 3 sheets. 

"Proof corrected in Office of P. R.R. Surveys, 
Feb. 10th 1855. All copies printed prior to this 
date contain errors. G. K. Warren. Lieut. Topi. 
Engrs" 

Sheet [1] From St. Paul to Riviere des Lacs. 
59X74 cm. 

Sheet [2] From Riviere des Lacs to the Rocky 
Mountains. 59X87 cm. 

Sheet [3] From the Rocky Mountains to Puget 



84 



INDIVIDUAL RAILROAD LINES 



Sound. 59X94 cm. 

Each sheet includes profile of ground covered. 

499 
Knight, Edward H. Map of the country tributary 
to the Northern Pacific Railroad. Compiled from 
English, Canadian, and American official sources 
ar\d original surveys by Edward H. Knight, Jan. 
1st 1871. col. Scale ca. 1:3,000,000. 98X116 cm. 

Map of northwest part of United States and 
southwest part of Canada showing relief by hach- 
ures, drainage, isotherms, the wheat region, cities 
and towns, forts, routes and trails, the railroad 
network and the proposed Northern Pacific Rail- 
road. The line was constructed under an act of 
Congress approved by Abraham Lincoln, July 2, 
1864. It was completed in 1883 and approximates 
the route of exploration taken by Lewis and Clark 
in 1804-06. 

500 
Rand McNally and Company. Northern Pacific 
Railroad Co. — completed road. September 5th, 
1882. Chicago, 1882. col. Scale ca. 1:3,900,000. 
33X75 cm. 

"The gap, now under construction, between the 
Eastern and Western Divisions, is about 485 miles, 
and will be completed during the summer of 1 883, 
making a through line from the Great Lakes to 
the Pacific Ocean." 

Map of the northern and western United States 
showing relief by hachures, drainage, cities and 
towns. Color coded to show "Northern Pacific 
Lines, Proper, Oregon Railway & Navigation Go's 
System, Oregon and Transcontinental Branch 
Lines, Lines to be constructed. Fringed lines indi- 
cate roads under construction." 

501 
Rand McNally and Company. New and correct 
map of the lines of the Northern Pacific Railroad 
and Oregon Railway & Navigation Co. [Chicago, 
1883] col. Scale ca. 1:6,000,000. 39X110 cm. 

Signed in ms: "Wm H Brewer October 1883." 
Map of northern United States and part of 
Canada showing relief by hachures, drainage, 
cities and towns, and railroads. Shaded area shows 
land grant. Main lines indicated by heavy black 
and red. 

An uncolored facsimile edition of this map was 
published by Rand McNally and Company in 
celebration of their centennial in 1956. 

502 
Poates, L. L. Northern Pacific Railway 1900. 
New York, 1900. col. Scale not given. 27x73 cm. 

From Fourth Annual Report oj the Northern Pacific 



Railway Company, for the Fiscal Year ending Juru 30, 
1900. 

Map of northern United States, from the Great 
Lakes to the Pacific Ocean showing relief by 
hachures, drainage, cities and towns, forest and 
timber, Indian and military reservations. 

Signed in ms: "W. Lowery." 

Northern Railroad of New Jersey 

503 
Cady, A. M. Map of the Northern Rail Road of 
New Jersey. 1859. Wm. Sneden, Chief Engineer. 
Seymour & Tower, contractors & lessees. Lith. of 
Robertson, Seibert & Shearman, N.Y. Scale ca. 
1:30,000. 52 XI 54 cm. 

G3811.P3N6 1859 .S4 

Topographic map of part of New Jersey and 
New York, covering the area north of the Hudson 
River and between Jersey City and Nyack, N.Y. 

The map shows drainage, relief by hachures, 
roads, houses, cities and towns, single-track, 
double-track, and proposed railroads. Chartered 
February 9, 1854. Completed in 1859. 

Ohio and Pennsylvania Railroad 

504 
Roberts, Solomon W. Map of the Ohio and 
Pennsylvania Railroad and connecting lines. 
Solomon W. Roberts, Chief Engineer. 1 850. Litho. 
of W'm. Schuchman, Pittsburgh. Scale ca. 
1:1,500,000. 40X100 cm. 

Outline map of the northeastern and north- 
central states showing major drainage, relief by 
hachures in Ohio, place names, canals, and the 
railroad network. Chartered in 1848. Consolidated 
to form the Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne, and Chicago 
Railroad. See entr\' 534. 

Ohio Southern Railroad 

505 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the Ohio Southern R.R. and its con- 
nections through the Cincinnati, Sandusky & 
Cleveland and Indiana, Bloomington & Western 
Railroads. New York, 1881. col. Scale 1 : 1,267,200. 
46X80 cm. 

Map of the midwestern states showing drainage, 
cities and towns, townships, counties, and the rail- 
road network including proposed lines. Emphasizes 
main lines. 

Old Colony Railroad 

506 
Ferguson, W'. E. Map of the Old Colony Rail 
Road with its branches & Connecting roads. Pre- 



Northern of N.J.— Paterson & Dover 



85 



pared under the direction of the Committee of 
Investigation. Jany. 1850. S. Dwight Eaton, Engr. 
J. H. BuflTord & Go's Lith. [Boston] 1850. col. 
Scale ca. 1:150,000. 70X50 cm. 

Map of eastern Massachusetts covering the area 
from Boston to Wood's Hole and west to Provi- 
dence, R.I. Shows drainage, place names and 
counties, and indicates mileage between stations. 
The Old Colony Railroad is double-tracked from 
Boston, south to South Braintree. The line was 
incorporated in 1844. 

Orange and Alexandria Railroad 

507 
Ackerman, Lithography. General map of the 
Orange & Alexandria Rail Road and its connec- 
tions north, south and west. 1851 Frederic Lithr. 
Ackerman Lithr., N.Y. col. Scale ca. 1:2,400,000. 
58X71 cm. G3861.P3 1851 .A3 

Outline map of the southeastern United States 
showing major drainage and important cities. 

"Directions and route to New Orleans and 
Memphis" are listed below the map title. Chartered 
March 22, 1848. Opened to Gordonsville in 1854. 
See entries 453 and 508. 

508 
Paul, August. Map and profile of the Orange 
and Alexandria Rail Road with its Warrenton 
Branch and a portion of the Manasses [sic] Gap 
Rail Road, to show its point of connection. Acker- 
man Lith. 379 Broadway, New York. [1854?] col. 
Scale 1:126,720. 40X119 cm. 

Printed topographic strip map with manuscript 
annotations to show the geologic structure along 
the route of the railroad. The Alexandria and the 
Chesapeake and Ohio canals and stage stable for 
horses used on the Piedmont stage route to North 
Carolina are also indicated. 

The Orange and Alexandria Railroad Company 
was founded in 1848 to divert hinterland products 
away from Baltimore and Richmond to Alex- 
andria, Va. Construction was begun in 1850 and 
was completed to Culpeper in 1852 and to Gordons- 
ville in 1854, from where the rail line connected 
with the Virginia Central. Warrenton, originally 
on a proposed earlier route, was linked by a branch 
line in 1853. The Manassas Gap Railroad, the 
first rail line to cross the Blue Ridge Mountains, 
was completed to Strasburg in 1854 and joined 
Alexandria with the upper Piedmont Valley. 

Oregon Railway and Navigation Company 

509 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Colton's 
township map of Oregon & Washington Territory. 
Issued by the Oregon Railway and Navigation Co. 



New York, cl880. col. Scale ca. 1:1,000,000. 
81X68 cm. 

Shows relief by hachures, drainage, cities and 
towns, township and county boundaries, Indian 
reservations, ocean routes, and railroads with 
emphasis on the main lines. 

Pacific and Atlantic Railroad 

510 
Lewis, William J. Route of the Pacific and At- 
lantic Rail Road between San Francisco, & San 
Jose. As located by Wm. J. Lewis, Chief Engineer, 
in Sept. Oct. & Nov. 1851. Lithy. of Britton & 
Rey, S.F. Scale ca. 1:120,000. 20X69 cm. 

Map of the coast between San Francisco and 
San Jose showing roads, property owners, streams, 
and relief by hachures. 

Pacific Railroad 

511 
Williams, Henry T. New trans-continental map 
of the Pacific R.R. and routes of overland travel 
to Colorado, Nebraska, the Black Hills, Utah, 
Idaho, Nevada, Montana, California and the 
Pacific Coast. cl877. col. Scale ca. 1:3,500,000. 
58X93 cm. 

Map of the western United States showing relief 
by hachures, drainage, cities and towns, stage 
routes, railroads completed and projected. Main 
lines in heavy black. 

512 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the Pacific Railroads and their branches. 
Prepared for the United States Pacific Railway 
Commission. New York, William Mann & Son 
Stationers and Printers [1887] col. Scale ca. 
1:3,800,000. 57X83 cm. 

Map of the western United States showing relief 
by hachures, drainage, cities and towns, Indian 
reservations, military posts, and the railroad net- 
work with main lines color coded. Red indicates 
lines "aided by U.S. Bonds." 

Paterson and Dover Railroad 

513 
Allen, J. W. Map and profile of the proposed 
Paterson and Dover Rail Road and Paterson and 
Ramapo Rail Road. New York, G. & W. Endicott, 
[ca. 1847] col. Scale 1:63,360. 76X129 cm. 

"Topography from Gordon's Map of New Jer- 
sey." 

Map of northern New Jersey from Jersey City 
to Andover. Shows drainage, relief by hachures, 
cities & towns, roads, iron works, forges, mines 



86 



INDIVIDUAL RAILROAD LINES 



Henry T. Williams' large advertising map of the U.S. 

West showing the completed trans-continental railroad. 

The map was printed by the Osborne photolithographic 
process in W7. {Entry 511) 




and mills. The Paterson and Ramapo was chart- 
ered March 10, 1841. 

Paterson, Passaic, and Rutherford Electric 
Railway 

514 
Morrisse, James A. Lines of the Paterson, Passaic, 
& Rutherford Electric R'y. and the Jersey City, 
Hoboken & Rutherford Electric R'y, and the 
Paterson Central Electric Ry. Charles A. Johnson, 
president, James A. Morrisse, vice president. 
Rutherford, N.J., Bureau of Design, 1894. Scale 
not given. 18X80 cm. 

Panoramic map of part of New Jersey showing 
drainage, major cities, some buildings, and railroad 
buildings. Stamped in blue ink "The Morrisse 
Electric Railway System." 

Pennsylvania Central Railroad 

515 
Mendel, Edward. A correct map of the Pennsyl- 
vania Central Rail Road with its branches & 



connections. The shortest & quickest route be- 
tween the east & west. [1854-58] Lith. of Ed. 
Mendel, Chicago. Scale ca. 1:10,000,000. 19X22 
cm. 

Sketch map of the eastern United States showing 
the railroad network and emphasizing the routes 
between St. Louis and Chicago, and Baltimore, 
Philadelphia, and New York. 

Pennsylvania Railroad 

516 
Friend & Aub. Map of Pennsylvania Railroad 
with its connections. Showing the different routes, 
projected or constructed between the seaboard & 
the western states. [1851] Friend & Aub, Lith. 
Engravers, Philada. Printed by F. Kuhl. Scale ca. 
1:1,450,000. 58X142 cm. 

Across bottom of map: "Profile of Pennsylvania 
Rail Road." 

Map of the northeastern and north-central 
States showing the existing and projected railroad 
network. Chartered April 13, 1846. 



Paterson, Passaic, & Rutherford— Philadelphia & Erie 



87 



517 
Haupt, H. Map of the Pennsylvania Rail Road, 
from Harrisburg to Pittsburg [sic]; and of the 
Columbia & Lancaster & Harrisburg R.Rs. from 
Philadelphia to Harrisburg. 1855. H. Haupt, Chf. 
Eng. J. P. & J. Lesley, Jr. Topographers. J. G. 
Shoemaker, engr. P. S. Duval & Go's Steam Lith. 
Press, Philada. col. Scale ca. 1 : 1,000,000. 20 X 178 
cm. 

From Guide for the Pennsylvania Railroad, with an 
Extensive Map . . . (Philadelphia, T. K. & P. G. 
Collins, 1855). 

Topographic strip map of Pennsylvania between 
Philadelphia and Pittsburgh showing drainage, re- 
lief by form lines, county boundaries, cities and 
towns. 

A list of stations and distances is given to the 
right of the map. 

518 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Rail- 
road map of Pennsylvania Company showing the 
Pennsylvania Railroad, Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne 
and Chicago Railway, Pittsburgh, Cincinnati and 
St. Louis Railway, and their connecting eastern 
and western lines. New York, 1871. col. Scale 
1:1,267,200. 3 sheets, each 84X61 cm. 

Map of the middle Atlantic and midwestern 
states showing drainage, cities and towns, township 
and county boundaries, and the railroad network 
with names of lines and mileage between stations. 

519 
Patterson, S. C. Map of the Pennsylvania Rail- 
road and its connections. [Philadelphia] 1889. Blue 
line print. Scale ca. 1:7,000,000. 46X91 cm. 

Map of the United States showing major relief 
by hachures, drainage, and the railroad network 
with named lines and emphasis on the main line. 

Insets: Florida. 17X8 cm. — Mexico. 10X11 cm. 

520 
Allen, Lane & Scott. General map of the Pennsyl- 
vania Railroad and its connections. [1893] col. 
Scale ca. 1 : 4,500,000. 45X90 cm. 

Map of the United States showing major drain- 
age, relief by hachures, and the railroad network 
with names of lines and stations. Emphasizes with 
heavy black lines the Pennsylvania Railroad in 
the northeastern states. 

Ticket information on the verso. 

Inset: [Map of middle Atlantic region.] 23X25 



521 
Alter, R. H. Map of the Pennsylvania, Reading, 
and Lehigh Valley Railroads, and their connections. 



Philadelphia, 1884. col. Scale not given. 63X71 
cm. 

Outline map of the middle Atlantic states show- 
ing the three major lines in different colors. Indi- 
cates major drainage, cities and towns, and names 
the railroads along the lines. 

Peru and Indianapolis Railroad 

522 
Leefe, George E. Map of Peru and Indianapolis 
Rail Road with connections. [185-] col. Scale ca. 
1:2,100,000. 33X90 cm. 

Outline map with colored state boundaries of the 
northeastern and north-central United States 
indicating larger cities. 

Shows "finished," "in progress of construction," 
and "contemplated" railroads. Chartered in 1846 
with first section opened in 1851. 

Philadelphia and Baltimore Railroad 

523 
Trautwine, John Cresson. Map of the Philadel- 
phia & Baltimore Rail Road as located by W. 
Strickland & B. H. Latrobe Esqrs. Civ. Engineers. 
Showing also the present route by steamboat & 
the N. Castle R. Road, & that proposed to be 
constructed by way of Oxford & Port-Deposit. 
Drawn by J. C. Trautwine, Principal Assist. Engr. 
Watson's Lithog., Philada. i.e. Philadelphia Wat- 
son's Lithog. 1853? Scale ca. 1:220,000. 21X68 
cm. (Millard Fillmore map coll. no. 173) 

G3791.P3 1853 .T7 Vault 

Map of an area between Philadelphia and Balti- 
more showing drainage, cities and towns, post 
roads, and boundaries. Includes distance table. 
Chartered in Maryland in May, 1852. 

Another copy Peter Force map coll. no. 440. 
Copy also in Peabody Library, Baltimore, Md. 

Annotated in ms. on verso: "Map of Philadel- 
phia & Baltimore Railroad. Md. Fillmore." 

Philadelphia and Erie Railroad 

524 
Sinclair, T. Map representing the route of the 
Philada. & Erie Rail Road its connections and the 
mineral lands in its vicinity. Philadelphia. [1852] 
Scale ca. 1:650,000. 66X127 cm. 

At top of Map: "Profile of Sunbury & Erie 
R.R." 

The original title which read "... Sunbury & 
Erie ..." has been altered by a printed label 
which reads ". . . Philada. & Erie ..." 

Detailed map of Pennsylvania and parts of 
adjacent states indicating major drainage, relief 
by hachures, state boundaries, county boundaries 



88 



INDIVIDUAL RAILROAD LINES 



A railroad survey made by the Philadelphia architect and 
civil engineer, William Strickland, one oj the first 
Americans to be sent to England to learn about early 
railroading. {Entry 523) 



IH!»TA?IB 



/ , 




3C JL V 

PHXLAOELFBIA it. BAITUCORB RAIL ROAD 

> 1,0( ATHll fl: 
«V.^T>I(KI.A>U a H.lt.l^TBOBR R.ltlllM.f |V R^IIITKKBn. 



in Pennsylvania, and major cities. Canals and rail- 
roads are annotated in colors. Chartered under the 
name Sunbury and Erie Railroad on April 3, 
1837. Name changed in 1861 to the above. See 
also entries 571-573. 

525 
Burgin, John F. Map of the Philadelphia & Erie 
Rail Road the city and harbor of Erie its western 
terminus, and the state of Pennsylvania showing 
the different rail-road connections. From the latest 
surveys constructed and drawn by John F. Burgin, 
C & Topi. Engineer 1862. Buffalo, Sage Sons & 
Co., 1862. col. Scale ca. 443,000. 62X102 cm. 

Detailed strip map from rights of way surveys 
showing the location of the line between Sunbury 
and Erie and the counties through which the line 
traverses. Relief by hachures, drainage, cities and 
towns along the line are shown. Railroad stations 
and distances in 10-mlle intervals are indicated. 

Insets: City and harbor of Erie [and table of 
distances] 27X42 cm — State of Pennsylvania. 
27X42 cm. 

526 
Gwinner, Henry W. Map of the Philadelphia and 
Erie Railway, branches and connecting lines. 
Philadelphia, National Railway Publication Com- 
pany, 1871. Scale ca. 1:1,000,000. 33X51 cm. 

Map of Pennsylvania showing relief by hachures, 
drainage, cities and towns, and the railroad net- 
work with lines named. 

Philadelphia and Reading Railroad 

527 
Osborne, R. B. Topographical plan & profile of 



the Philadelphia and Reading Rail Road. [1838] 
J. Knight. Sc. Printed by G. F. Lewis. [Philadel- 
phia, 1838?] Scale ca. 1:207,500. 25X81 cm. 

Topographic strip map of part of Pennsylvania 
from Mahanoy Mountain along Schuylkill River 
to Philadelphia. 

The line was chartered on December 5, 1833, 
and was completed in 1839. The entire line was 
opened on July 13, 1842. 

528 
Fay, T. V. Sketch map of the Phila. and Readg. 
Rail Road and its branches. May, 1873. Scale 
1:142,560. 51X127 cm. 

Outline map showing railroads between Port 
Trevorton and Catawissa on the Susquehanna 
River and the Port Richmond wharves in Philadel- 
phia. 

Annotated in pencil to show a line between 
Shamokin, Lawrence, and Schuylkill Haven. 

Philadelphia, Easton, & Water Gap 
Railroad 

529 
Kollner, A. Map of the Philadelphia, Easton, & 
Water Gap Rail Road. Showing conections [sic] 
with other lines, & its importance in providing a 
direct communication between Philadelphia, & 
the Lehigh, Delaware, Lackawanna, & Susque- 
hanna Valleys, Western New York, the Northern 
Lakes & Canada, forming a great north & south 
main through route, from the tides of the Delaware, 
to the waters of Ontario, by a line, shorter in dis- 
tance, with less gradient to the mile, than any 
line from the same points to the city of New York. 
Nov., 1852. Scale ca. 1:1,200,000. 47X51 cm. 



Philadelphia & Reading— Port Royal 



89 



Outline map of the northeastern United States 
showing drainage, cities and towns, and the rail- 
road network. Chartered April 8, 1852. Name 
changed to North Pennsylvania Rail Road. See 
entry 496. 



Philadelphia, Wilmington, and Baltimore 
Railroad 

530 
Larkin, J. E. Map of the Philadelphia, Wilming- 
ton, & Baltimore Railroad shewing [sic] its con- 
nections. [185-] Scale ca. 1:350,000. 14X52 cm. 

Sketch map showing the area between Phila- 
delphia and Baltimore indicating drainage, cities 
and towns, roads, and railroads. Consolidated 
February 5, 1838. 

531 
Harkness, Olney. Plan and profile of the Phil. W. 
& Bah. R.R. A.D. 1860. Lith. W. H. Rease, Phila. 
Scale ca. 1:60,000. 35X268 cm. 

Strip map of a surveyed line, showing distances 
in feet, from Philadelphia to Baltimore. The map 
indicates portions of rivers and streams, the road 
pattern, and important towns. 

Across the bottom of the map is a profile of the 
ground from the Delaware River to the Baltimore 
Depot. 



Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne, and Chicago 
Railroad 

534 
Rand McNally and Company. Map of the Pitts- 
burg [sic] Fort Wayne, & Chicago, Cleveland, and 
Pittsburgh [sic] Grand Rapids and Indiana and 
Pennsylvania railroads. Chicago, cl874. col. Scale 
ca. 1:4,500,000. 29X47 cm. 

Map of the northeastern United States showing 
relief by hachures, drainage, cities and towns, and 
the railroad network with named lines. Emphasis 
on the main lines. See also entry 504. 



Pittsburgh, Marion, and Chicago Railway 

535 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. A cor- 
rect map of a section of the United States showing 
the allignment [sic] of the Pittsburgh, Marion, and 
Chicago Railway between Chewton, Penna. and 
Marion, Ohio and connections. New York, 1887. 
col. Scale 1:1,267,200. 44X97 cm. 

Map of parts of Pennsylvania and Ohio showing 
drainage, cities and towns, township and county 
boundaries, and coal fields. Railroad network dis- 
tinguished by color. 



Plymouth, Kankakee, and Pacific Railroad 



Pinegrove, Lancaster, Railroad 

532 

Map of a railroad route from Phoenixville to 
Pinegrove. 1852. Scale ca. 1:190,000. 38X83 cm. 

Map of Pennsylvania between Philadelphia and 
Harrisburg showing drainage, cities, towns, com- 
pleted railroads, and the proposed Pinegrove Lan- 
caster R.R. and the Phoenixville Cornwall R.R. 



Pittsburgh, Bradford, and Buffalo Railway 



536 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the line of the Plymouth, Kankakee, & 
Pacific Railroad and its connections. New York, 
1871. Scale 1:1,267,200. 2 sheets, each 33X77 cm. 

Map of the middle Atlantic and midwestern 
states showing drainage, cities and towns, township 
and county boundaries, and the railroad network. 
This is the Indiana portion of a projected railroad 
from Plymouth, Ind., on the Pittsburgh, Fort 
Wayne, and Chicago Railroad, to Bureau Junc- 
tion, on the Chicago, Rock Island, and Pacific 
Railroad. 



533 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the Pittsburg [sic], Bradford, and Buffalo 
Railway and its connections. W. R. Bergholz, chief 
engineer. New York, Feb. 15, 1882. New York, 
1882. col. Scale 1:950,400. 49X37 cm. 

Map of parts of western Pennsylvania and New 
York showing drainage, coal fields, iron ore areas, 
and fire clay areas, furnaces, and oil wells. Rail- 
roads are color coded. 

LC has another edition "Designed by Thos. R. 
Sharp " with Alleghany & Clarion added to title. 



Port Royal Railroad 



537 



Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the Port Royal Railroad and its connec- 
tions. New York, 1870. Scale 1 : 1,267,200. 70X105 
cm. 

Map of the southeastern United States showing 
drainage, cities and towns, township and county 
boundaries, and the railroad network. In 1871 the 
line was in progress of completion. 



90 



INDIVIDUAL RAILROAD LINES 




. r^ M.u» snovn.N4i thk 



AixcvMANT 4 CutaiMi R.VL . ^ 



TTSBURG,f|RADFORD/MUFFALO =rj.-=r>-^ ^ 

^l-l-EGHANY &. |[lARION 



A:K'n Tittju f:o.\.vKf:T/oxs 



STAHTE mUCS. ir. -I l.Xi-1! 



B y-Ht ^-nt I ' AW*.- 




Portland & Ogdensburg — Richmond & Danville 



91 



One of Cotton's typical maps published Jor an individual 
railroad company to promote industry and settlement in 
rich mining or agricultural areas. {Entry 533) 

Portland and Ogdensburg Railroad 

538 
Hatch & Co. Map of the Portland and Ogdens- 
burg Rail Road line, and connections. New York, 
[185-] col. Scale 1:760,320. 48X66 cm. 

Map of parts of New England and New York 
showing the railroad network and the progress of 
track construction along the Portland and Ogdens- 
burg Railroad line. A reference table in the upper 
left of the map provides a key to 36 townships in 
Vermont. 

Portsmouth and Concord Railroad 

539 
Carter, T. J. Map of the Portsmouth and Con- 
cord Railroad, showing its connection with other 
railroads. November, 1845. Bufford & Co's Lithog- 
raphy, Boston. On stone by J. E. Moody. Scale 
1:190,080. 40X53 cm. 

G3721.P3PG 1845 .C3 

Map showing parts of Massachusetts, New 
Hampshire, and Maine indicating county lines, 
cities, towns, and the railroad network. 

Potomac and Ohio Railway 

540 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the projected route of the Potomac and 
Ohio Railway. New York, 1874. col. Scale 
1:2,217,600. 44X100 cm. 

Middle Atlantic area showing drainage, cities 
and towns, county boundaries, coal in West Vir- 
ginia and the railroads with emphasis on the main 
line. Incorporated by the West Virginia legislature, 
1867-68. 



Potomac, Fredericksburg, and Piedmont 
Railroad 

541 
Hotchkiss, Jedediah. Potomac, Federicksburg, & 
Piedmont R.R. from Fredg, to O.C.H. 38 miles. 
By C. M. Braxton [1876] col. ms. Scale 
1:48,000. 34X138 cm. (Jedediah Hotchkiss map 
coll. no. 266) 

Sketch map of part of Virginia from Fredericks- 
burg to Orange Court House. Shows relief by 
form lines, drainage, cities and towns, and the line 
of survey in red. Chartered as the Fredericksburg 
and Gordonsville Rail Road. See entry 412. 



Rabun Gap Railroad 

542 
Keenan, William. Map of the Rabun Gap Rail 
Road route showing its connection with other 
roads finished, in progress & contemplated. 
Charleston, S.C. [185-] Scale ca. 1:2,000,000. 
53X73 cm. 

Outline map of the southern United States 
showing the railroad network. The Rabun Gap 
system is shown in red. 

Reading and Columbia Railroad 

543 
Kase, S. P. Map of the Reading & Columbia 
Rail Road connecting New York via the Jersey 
Central, Reading and Columbia, with Baltimore 
and Washington. Together with Western R.R. con- 
nections to Wheeling and Pittsburg [sic]. Com- 
piled bv S. P. Kase. Endicott & Co. Lith., N.Y. 
[185-] Scale ca. 1:600,000. 44X67 cm. 

Sketch map of eastern Pennsylvania and north- 
ern Maryland indicating the railroad network and 
the connections with the coal fields. Shows major 
drainage, cities and towns, and four main coal 
field areas. 

Richmond and Danville Railroad 

544 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
of the Richmond & Danville Railroad system in 
Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, 
Tennessee, Alabama, Mississippi, Arkansas, & 
Texas. New York, 1881. col. Scale 1:2,217,600. 
69X101 cm. 

Map of southern United States showing drain- 
age, coal regions, cities and towns, counties, and 
the railroad network in red, with names along the 
lines. Includes list of railroads. 

Chartered in 1847 and completed to Danville 
in 1856. 

LC also has 1882 and 1883 editions, 51 X57 cm., 
without railroad names, and an 1884 enlarged 
edition, 4 sheets each 52X83 cm., with names of 
lines and townships. 

545 
American Bank Note Company. Birds-eye-view 
of the Richmond & Danville Railroad and the 
Florida Central & Peninsular Systems and their 
connections. New York, 1893. col. Scale not given. 
69X40 cm. 

Panoramic map looking north from Florida 
covering the southern United States. 

Relief is shown by shading. Drainage, cities and 
towns, and the railroad network are indicated. 
Main lines appear in heavy red. 



92 



INDIVIDUAL RAILROAD LINES 



Richmond and Louisville Railroad 

546 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
of the Richmond and Louisville R.R. connecting 
the railroads of Virginia with the railroads of 
Kentucky on the shortest route east and west of 
the Mississippi Valley to the Atlantic Ocean. New 
York, 1882. col. Scale 1:760,920. 65X50 cm. 

Shows eastern United States and includes relief 
by hachures, drainage, cities and towns, county 
boundaries, and the railroad network in red. 

LC also has 1883 edition in covers. 

Rio Grande and Pecos Railway 

547 
Bien, Julius. Map of the Rio Grande and Pecos 
Railway showing its connections with the Texas 
Mexican, Texas Mexican Short Line, Mexican 
National, Texas & St. Louis and Denver & Rio 
Grande Narrow Gauge systems and also the Inter- 
national & Great Northern, Mexican Oriental 
Interoceanic & International, New York, Texas & 
Mexican and International & Mex. Standard 
Gauge roads. New York, 1882. col. Scale not given. 
107X102 cm. 

Outline map of the U.S. Southwest showing 
major drainage, cities and towns. Railroad lines 
are named, and narrow gauge lines are in red. 
The "Cannel Coal Field" is indicated. 



Rockford, Rock Island, and St. Louis 
Railroad 

548 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the line of the Rockford, Rock Island, & 
Saint Louis R.R. and its connections. New York, 
1868. col. Scale 1:1,267,200. 84X59 cm. 

Shows midwestern states with drainage, cities 
and towns, township and county boundaries, and 
the railroad network with emphasis on the main 
line. Consolidated October 8, 1868. 

LC also has 1870 edition measuring 79X70 cm. 

Royal Land Company 

549 
Hotchkiss, Jedediah. Map of Royal Land Com- 
pany's Railroad (narrow gauge) from their anthra- 
cite coal fields to deep water. Carter M. Braxton, 
C.E. [187-] col. ms. Scale 1:316,800. 49X108 cm. 
(Jedediah Hotchkiss map coll. no. 267) 

Drawn with colored pencils on tracing paper, 
the map covers central Virginia from the Allegheny 
Mountains to the Chesapeake Bay. Shows Relief 
by form lines, drainage, minerals, and the railroad 
lines. 



Rutland and Burlington Railroad 

550 
Gilbert, William B. Map & profile of the Rut- 
land & Burlington Railroad. Wm. B. Gilbert, 
Chief Engineer. J. H. Bufford's Lithogy. Boston, 
Jany. 1st, 1848. Scale 1:120,000. 60X140 cm. 

Includes a table of distances from Boston to 
New York. Shows rail lines from Burlington, Vt., 
south to Bellows Falls in Windham Co., Vt., and 
includes drainage and topography on both sides 
of the line. Indicates county and township bound- 
aries. 

Chartered November 1, 1843. Name changed 
November 6, 1847. 

Inset: [Railroads between Montreal, Canada and 
Burlington, Vermont.] 20X40 cm. 

Sabine and Galveston Bay Railroad 

551 
Gentry, A. M. Map of Texas showing the Sabine 
and Galveston Bay Rail Road, or Texas and New 
Orleans Air Line Rail Line. Its connections in the 
U.S. and adjacent territories. 1859. Slote & Stone, 
N. Y. Scale ca. 1:2,002,000. 73X105 cm. 

Outline map of Texas and vicinity showing rail- 
roads actually built, under construction, and chart- 
ered but not under contract. 

Sacramento Valley Railroad 

552 
Judah, Theodore Dehone. Map showing the 
location of Sacramento Valley Railroad, Cal. 
Sacramento, Septr., 1854. T. D. Judah, Chief 
Engineer. B. F. Butler's Lith. San Francisco. Scale 
ca. 1:1,100,000. 27X55 cm. 

From Report of the Chief Engineer of the Preliminary 
Surveys and Future Business of the Sacramento Valley 
Railroad (Sacramento, Democratic State Journal, 
1854). 

Sketch map of the first railroad in California, 
with projected extensions to San Francisco, Sonora, 
and Tehama, made by the engineer who built 
the Sacramento Valley Railroad. 

LC also has his September 16, 1854, map of this 
line measuring 69X43 cm. 

Santa F6 Route 

553 
Rand McNally and Company. The Santa Fe 
Route and connections 1888. Chicago, 1888. col. 
Scale not given. 39X63 cm. 

Map of the southwestern United States and 
northern Mexico showing relief by hachures, drain- 
age, cities and towns, stations, Indian reservations, 
state boundaries, and the railroad network empha- 



Richmond & Louisville— Shore Line 



93 



sizing the main line. Includes railroad names. Pro- 
files in lower left of map. 



Savannah and Memphis Railroad 

554 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the line of the Savannah & Memphis 
Railroad and its connections. New York, 1872. 
col. Scale 1:1,267,000. 57X83 cm. 

Map of the southern United States showing 
drainage, cities and towns, township and county 
boundaries, mining and agricultural regions in 
Alabama, and the railroad network. 

LC also has 1873 edition which extends to Iowa 
and New York. 



Seaboard Air Line Railroad 

555 
Rand McNally and Company. Map of the Sea- 
board Air Line and its principal connections north, 
south, east & west. 1896. Chicago, 1896. cl895. 
Scale not given. 27X35 cm. 

From Stanley G. Fowler's Farms and Farm Lands 
Along the Seaboard Air Line (Portsmouth, Va., Gen- 
eral Passenger Department, 1896). 

Map of part of the eastern United States showing 
relief by hachures, drainage, cities and towns, and 
the railroad network emphasizing the main line. 



Seaboard and Raleigh Railroad 

556 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
of the Seaboard & Raleigh Railroad and its con- 
nections. New York, 1874. col. Scale 1:2,217,600. 
22X44 cm. 

Map of the southern United States from Virginia 
to South Carolina showing drainage, cities and 
towns, and the railroad network with emphasis on 
the main line. 



Seaboard and Roanoke Railroad 

557 
Carter, T. J. Map of the Seaboard & Roanoke 
Railroad from Portsmouth, Va. to Weldon, N.C. 
showing its connection with the railroad & steam- 
boat routes by T. J. Carter. C. Engineer, 1847. 
Lith. of E. W. Bouve. Scale ca. 1:3,250,000. 
33X28 cm. G3861.P3S5 1847 .C3 

Outline map showing area from Pottsville, Pa., 
to Macon, Ga. 



Seaboard, Pennsylvania, and Western 
Railroad 

558 
Colton (G. W. and C B.) and Company. Map 
showing the Seaboard Pennsylvania and Western 
Railroad and its connections. New York, 1884. col. 
Scale 1:950,400. 63X74 cm. 

Map of northeastern United States showing 
drainage, cities and towns, coal fields in Pennsyl- 
vania, and the railroads with emphasis on the 
main line. 

Inset: [Connections to Chicago and St. Louis] 
16X41 cm. 

Shenandoah Valley Railway 

559 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing lines and connections of the Shenandoah 
Valley and Norfolk & Western Railways. New 
York, 1881. col. Scale 1:3,800,000. 50X66 cm. 

At top of map: "Supplement to the Virginia's 
for May, 1881." 

Map of the eastern United States showing drain- 
age, cities and towns, stations, and the railroad 
network with emphasis on the main lines. In- 
cludes a list of mileage between stations. 

560 

Matthews, Northrup & Co. Map of the Shen- 
andoah Valley route via Luray Caverns, Natural 
Bridge & the Grottos. The Shenandoah Valley 
R.R. Norfolk & Western R.R. And East Ten- 
nessee, Virginia & Georgia System and their 
connections. Buflfalo, 1890. col. Scale not given. 
44X85 cm. 

Map of the United States showing relief by 
hachures, drainage, cities and towns, state bound- 
aries, and the railroad network with named lines. 
Heavy black lines emphasize the main lines. Time- 
table information on the verso. 

Shore Line Railroad 

561 
Walling, Henry F. Map of the Shore Line Rail 
Road route between New York and Boston, show- 
ing its rail road and steamboat connection with 
New York, New Haven, New London, Stonington, 
Providence, Newport and Boston. 1860. Engraved, 
printed, colored and mounted at H. F. Wallings 
map establishment, N.Y. col. Scale ca. 1 : 420,000. 
73X91 cm. 

Detailed map of lower New England states and 
part of New York indicating drainage, cities and 
towns, state boundaries, township lines, and the 
railroad network. 

"The Shore Line possesses the advantages over 



94 



INDIVIDUAL RAILROAD LINES 



the interior lines to Boston of being free from dust 
with cool and pleasant sea breezes in summer, from 
the water, which it skirts all the way from New 
York to Providence, being equally certain in its 
connections and in its time of arrival. For passen- 
gers to Newport, Providence, New Bedford, Taun- 
ton and places on the Cape it is a direct reliable 
route of much shorter time than any other. Pas- 
sengers leaving New York at 8 AM. arrive at 
Boston about 6 PM." "Express train for Newport 
Providence & Boston leaves New York at 8 A.M. 
& 12.15 P.M. Newport passengers connect with 
steamboat at Greenwich." 

Sodus Point and Southern Railroad 

562 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the Sodus Point & Southern Railroad and 
its connections. New York, 1872. col. Scale 
1:1,267,200. 63X54 cm. 

Map of the northeastern United States showing 
drainage, cities and towns, county boundaries, coal 
in Pennsylvania, and the railroad network with 
emphasis on the main line. Chartered in 1852. 
Reorganized in 1875 with the Geneva, Hornells- 
ville, and Pine Creek Railroad. In 1882 became 
the Sodus Bay and Southern Railroad. See entry 
415. 

Inset: Great Lakes Region. 18X19 cm. 

South Mountain and Boston Railroad 

563 
Price, R. M., Jr. Map of the South Mountain & 
Boston Railroad & connections showing territory 
passed through, railroads & canals crossed or 
connected, together with mineral & geographical 
features of country passed through. New York, 
Ferd. Mayer, Genl Lith., [1875?] col. Scale not 
not given. 42X67 cm. 

Outline map of the northeastern states showing 
major relief by hachures, drainage, cities and 
towns, mineral regions, and the railroads with 
names. 

Tipped into F. W. Beers' County Atlas of Lebanon 
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia, F. A. Davis, 1875), 
after page 4 1 . 

South Paci6c Railroad Company of 
Missouri 

564 
Cast (Aug.) & Co. Map of South Pacific Rail 
Road Co. of Missouri. 1870. Scale ca. 1 : 2,500,000. 
34X40 cm. 

Outline map of Arkansas and parts of Kansas, 
Oklahoma, and Texas showing drainage, counties, 



cities and towns, finished and projected railroads 
with names along the lines. 

Note: "This company offers for sale one million 
acres of the best agricultural and mineral lands in 
the United States situated on the line of the 
road . . ." 

Removed from papers of Henry R. Schoolcraft. 

Southern Continental Railroad 

565 
Palmer, William J. Map of the route of the 
Southern Continental R.R. with connections from 
Kansas City Mo. Ft. Smith Ark. and Shreveport 
La. Giving a general view of the recent surveys of 
the Kansas Pacific Railway Co., across the con- 
tinent made in 1867 & 1868. Under the direction 
of Gen. Wm. J. Palmer. On the routes of the 32nd 
and 35th parallels together with compilations 
from Keeler's official map showing the central 
and northern routes to the Pacific and the inter- 
mediate topography. Washington, D.C., J. F. 
Gedney [1868] col. Scale 1:3,801,600. 76X96 cm. 

Detailed map of the western United States 
showing relief by hachures, drainage, cities and 
towns, forts, military and Indian reservations, 
wagon roads, trails, routes of exploration, and the 
railroad network indicating finished, unfinished, 
and connecting lines. 

Southern Maryland Railroad 

566 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the Southern Maryland Railroad and its 
connections north, south, east, and west. [New 
York, 1881] col. Scale 1:760,320. 59X41 cm. 

Middle Atlantic states showing relief by hach- 
ures, drainage, cities and towns, counties, and the 
railroad network with emphasis on the main line. 

LC also has an edition cl881 which includes a 
statement of advantages for trade on the line. 

Southern Pacific Railroad 

567 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Maps 
showing the Southern Pacific Railroad and its 
connections. New York, 1875. Colored. Scales 
1:2,090,880 and ca. 1:8,000,000. 2 maps on one 
sheet 76X60 cm. 

Main map shows western states and includes 
relief by hachures, drainage, cities and towns, 
township and ranges, counties, railroads, and pro- 
posed railroads. General map, at top of sheet, 
covers the United States and shows the railroad 
network. First section, the Central Pacific linked 
California with Ogden, Utah, in 1869. The merg- 
ing of the Central with the Southern Pacific was 



Sodus Point & Southern— Tennessee, Alabama, & Georgia 



95 



the inspiration of Leland Stanford, Collis P. 
Huntington, Mark Hopkins, and Charles Crocker. 

568 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
of California to accompany printed agreement ot 
S. O. Houghton as to the rights of the Southern 
Pacific R.R. Co. of Cal. to government lands under 
Acts of Congress passed July 27, 1866 and March 
3, 1871 made before the committee of the judiciary 
of the Senate and Ho. of Reps, in Mav 1876. col. 
Scale 1:2,090,880. 66X48 cm. 

Detailed map of California, including Nevada. 
Shows relief by hachures, drainage, cities and 
towns, with major railroads distinguished by color. 

Southern Railway 

569 
Southern Railway Company. Southern Railway 
and connections. Buffalo, Matthews Northrup 
[1897] col. Scale not given. 45X110 cm. 

Map of the United States showing relief by 
hachures, drainage, state boundaries, cities and 
towns, stations, named lines of railroads, and the 
railroad network with the main lines emphasized. 

Chartered in 1894. 

Inset: The Montana resort region of the South- 
ern Railway. "The Land of the Sky." 19X21 cm. 
Shows the New York and Florida Limited to be 
placed in service January 17, 1898. Left side of 
map and the verso has timetable information. 



Stanstead, Shefford, and Chambly 
Railroad 

570 
Robertson & Seibert. Map of the Stanstead, 
Shefford, and Chambly Rail Road, and its con- 
nections. Lith. of Robertson & Seibert, N.Y., 1858. 
Scale ca. 1:2,250,000. 36X23 cm. 

Map of the New England states and part ot 
Canada showing the railroad network, relief by 
hachures, and place names. 

Sunbury and Erie Railroad 

571 
Faries, Robert. Map of the Sunbury and Erie 
Rail Road and its connections. [1850] W'm. E. & 
J. Sibell, Lith., N.Y. Scale ca. 1:1,500,000. 
70X126 cm. 

Outline map of the northeastern and north- 
central United States overprinted in red to show 
the railroad network. Chartered April 3, 1837. 
See entry 573. 



572 
Worcester, George P. Map and profile of the 
Sunbury route Susqua. Rail Road from the termi- 
nus of York & Cumberland Railway to Williams- 
port Pennsa. showing its connection with the great 
southern anthracite coal fields. 1st by the Dauphin 
& Susqa. Rail Road, 2d by the Lykins Valley 
Rail Road, 3d by the Treverton Rail Road, 4th 
by the Shamokin Rail Road. Surveyed by Geo. P. 
Worcester, Civ. Engr. and the Williamsport and 
Elmira Route surveyed under the directions of 
Maj. Hartman Bache Topog. Engr. U.S.A. Also 
exhibiting the route to the Lakes from Elmira 
N.Y. on the New York and Erie Rail Road and 
the Chemung Rail Road besides showing its con- 
nection with all the principal lines of Railway & 
Canal both in N. York & Pennsylvania. By Geo. 
P. Worcester Civ. Engr. for Balto. & Susqua. R.R. 
Lith. bv A. Hoen & Co., Balto., 1852. Scale ca. 
1:950,000. 70X110 cm. 

Across bottom of map: "Profile from Harrisburg 
to Elmira." 

Map of Pennsylvania and parts of adjacent 
states showing the railroad network, cities, towns, 
railroad stations, canals, 3nd coal fields. 

573 
Faries, Robert. Map of the Sunbury and Erie 
Rail Road and its connections. P. Jarrett, Eng. 
Eastern Division. J. L. Randolph, Eng. Western 
Division. R. Faries, C. E. 1854. Lit. of D. Skillas, 
Phila. Scale ca. 1:1,450,000. 42X88 cm. 

From Robert Faries. Report of the Chief Engineer 
of the Sunbury and Erie Railroad, the 6th of February, 
1854 (McLaughlin Brothers', Philadelphia, 1854). 

At left of title is a list of railroad company's 
officers. 

Outline map of the northeastern and north- 
central United States showing the "completed & 
constructing" and "projected" railroads. 



Tennessee, Alabama, and Georgia Railroad 

574 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the proposed Tennessee, Alabama, and 
Georgia Railroad connecting and extending the 
Chattanooga Southern Railway, Marietta and 
North Georgia Railway, Knoxvillc, Cumberland 
Gap and Louisville Railroad, and Morristown and 
Cumberland Gap Railroad. 1892. [New York, 
1892] col. Scale 1:1275,000. 70X102 cm. 

Map of the southern United States showing 
relief by hachures, drainage, cities and towns, and 
the railroad network with emphasis on the main 
lines. 



96 



INDIVIDUAL RAILROAD LINES 



575 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the proposed Tennessee, Alabama, and 
Georgia Railroad. 1893. New York, cl893. col. 
Scale 1:2,300,000. 82X69 cm. 

Map of the southeastern states showing drain- 
age, cities and towns, and railroads with relation 
to consolidation, and connections to other lines 
in the south. 



Terre Haute and Richmond Railroad 

576 
Morris, Thomas A. Map of Terre Haute and 
Richmond Rail Road and connecting lines. Acker- 
man Lith., New York. [185-] Scale ca. 1 : 1,625,000. 
42X103 cm. 

Outline map of the north-central and north- 
eastern United States showing the rail network. 
Chartered in 1847. In 1865 name changed to the 
Terre Haute and Indianapolis Railroad. 



Texas and New Orleans Railroad 

577 
Gentry, A. M. Map of Texas, showing the line 
of the Texas and New Orleans Rail Road, and 
its connections in the U.S. and adjacent tetrriories. 
1860. Scale ca. 1:2,300,000. 56x79 cm. 

Shows railroads actually built, partially finished, 
under contract, and chartered but not under con- 
tract. 

Covers area of the U.S. Southwest and northern 
Mexico and includes Louisiana, Arkansas, and 
parts of adjacent states. 

Texas and Pacific Railway 

578 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
of the state of Texas showing the line and lands 
of the Texas and Pacific Railway reserved and 
donated by the State of Texas. 1873. New York, 
1873. col. Scale ca. 1:2,150,000. 47x60 cm. 

Shows relief by hachures, drainage, cities and 
towns, counties, railroads, and the land grant. 

Inset: Map showing the Texas & Pacific Rail- 
way and its connections. 16X19 cm. 

579 
Colton (G. VV. and C. B.) and Company. Texas 
and Pacific Railway and its connections. New 
York, 1876. col. Scale 1:5,400,000. 44X87 cm. 

General map of the United States showing relief 
by hachures, drainage, and the railroad network 
with emphasis on the main line. 



Through Traffic Railway 

580 
Hawley, Jesse L. Map of the Through Traffic 
Railway from the middle & southern anthracite 
coal fields of Pennsylvania to New York via 
Perth Amboy. Jesse L. Hawley under direction of 
R. A. Wilder. Potsville, Pa., 1868. col. Scale ca. 
1:350,000. 60X88 cm. 

Outline map of eastern Pennsylvania and part 
of New Jersey showing relief by hachures, major 
drainage, major cities, and the connections of the 
many tributary railroads serving the coal regions. 
Railroads are named along the lines. 

Toledo and Saginaw Bay Railway 

581 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the Toledo and Saginaw Bay Railway 
and its connections. 1881. New York, 1881. col. 
Scale 1 : 1,267,200. 51 X58 cm. 

Map of the midwestern states showing drainage, 
cities and towns, township and county boundaries, 
and the railroads with emphasis on the main line. 

Toledo, Ann Arbor, and Grand Trunk 
Railway 

582 
Colton (G.W. and C.B.) and Company. Map 
showing the Toledo, Ann Arbor, and Grand Trunk 
Railway and its connections. 1881. [New York, 
1881] col. Scale 1:1,267,200. 51X58 cm. 

Midwestern states showing drainage, cities and 
towns, township and county boundaries, and the 
railroad network with emphasis on the main line. 



Toledo, Ann Arbor, and North Michigan 
Railway 

583 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
of Michigan showing the Toledo, Ann Arbor, & 
North Michigan Railway and connecting lines. 
New York, 1886. col. Scale 1 :950,400. 61 X45 cm. 

Shows drainage, cities and towns, townships, 
counties, and the railroad lines in red. Includes 
descriptive text on traffic connections. 

Toledo, Cincinnati, and St. Louis Railroad 

584 
Colton (G.W. and C.B.) and Company. Maps 
showing the Toledo, Cincinnati, & St. Louis Rail- 
road and its connections. 1881. New York, 1881. 
col. Scale 1:1,267,200. 63X102 cm. 



Terre Haute & Richmond— Union Pacific 



97 



Midwestern states showing drainage, cities and 
towns, township and county boundaries, coal in 
Illinois, Indiana, and Ohio. Includes the railroad 
system with emphasis on the main line. 

Inset: United States and Mexico. 27X30 cm. 

Toledo, Peoria, and Warsaw Railway 

585 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the Toledo, Peoria, & Warsaw Railway and 
its connections. 1867. New York, 1867. col. Scale 
1:1,267,200. 41X126 cm. 

Map of the Midwest showing drainage, cities 
and towns, township and county boundaries, and 
the railroads with emphasis on the main line. 

Toledo, Wabash, and Great Western 
Railroad 

586 
Olmstead, S. R. Map of the Toledo, Wabash, and 
Gt. Western Rail Road Line, and its connections. 
[1859]. Scale ca. 1:8,000,000. 13X27 cm. 

Accompanied by The Gold Mines of Kansas and 
Nebraska (New York, 1859). 

At left of map: "The Shortest and only Direct 
line! — to — St. Louis, Hannibal, Quincy, St. Jo- 
seph, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas City, Jefferson 
City, Council Bluffs, Omaha City, Cherry Creek, 
Pike's Peak, and the Gold Regions of Kansas and 
Nebraska." 

Outline map of the northeastern and north- 
central United States showing railroad lines and 
major cities. 

587 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the line of the Toledo, Wabash, & Western 
Railway Company and its connections. New York, 
1873. col. Scale ca. 1:3,750,000. 22X28 cm. 

General map of the midwestern states with 
drainage, cities and towns, and the railroads with 
emphasis on the main line. Includes an advertise- 
ment for bonds. 



Union Pacific Railroad 

588 
O'Brien, J. J. Union Pacific Rail Road. Map of a 
portion of Nebraska Territory. Showing surveys 
and location of lines by Peter A. Dey, C.E. [1865?] 
Scale 1 : 190,080. 89 X 183 cm. 

Sectional map of part of Nebraska showing relief 
by hachures, drainage, cities and towns, and the 
survey lines. 

"Drawn by J. J. O'Brien." Incorporated in 1862 
by Act of Congress providing for the construction 



of a continuous line from the Missouri River to 
the Pacific Ocean. The connection of the line with 
the Central Pacific at Promontory, Utah, com- 
pleted the first transcontinental railroad in 1869. 

589 
Gillis, J. R. Map and profile of first 40 miles of 
Union Pacific Rail Road Eastern Division. Ex- 
tending west from boundary between states of 
Missouri and Kansas. Accompanying report of 
commissioners submitted to Hon. James Harlan, 
Secretary of the Interior, October 26th, 1865. Com- 
piled from map, submitted by U.P.R.R. Co. E.D., 
and records in Gen. Land Office. Scale 1:63,360. 
52X102 cm. 

Across bottom of map: profile of line. 

Detailed map showing relief by hachures, drain- 
age, vegetation, roads, and railroads in Kansas, 
from Kansas City to Lawrence. 

590 
Gillis, J. R. Map showing the different routes 
sui-veyed for the Union Pacific Rail Road between 
the Missouri River and the Platte Valley, to ac- 
company report of Lt. Col. J. H. Simpson, Corps 
Engrs. to Hon. Jas. Harlan, Sec. of the Interior, 
dated Sept. 18th, 1865. Reduced from map sub- 
mitted to Lt. Col. Simpson by S. Seymour, Esq. 
Consulting Eng. U.P.R.R. Scale 1:126,720. 53X 
64 cm. 

Detailed map of Nebraska showing relief by 
hachures, drainage, vegetation, roads, and rail- 
roads. 

591 
Keeler, W. J. Map of the routes of the Union 
Pacific Rail Roads with their eastern connections. 
Compiled from authorized explorations, public 
surveys, and other reliable data from the depart- 
ments of the government. By W. J. Keeler, Civil 
Engineer, November, 1867. Washington, J. F. 
Gedney, 1867. col. Scale ca. 1:3,250,000. 37X96 
cm. 

Strip map of the western United States from the 
Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean showing 
relief by hachures, drainage, minerals, cities and 
towns, and forts. Includes completed and proposed 
railroads. 

592 
Lambach, H. Map of the Union Pacific Rail 
Road and surveys of 1864, 65, 66, 67, 1868 from 
Missouri River to Humboldt Wells. G. M. Dodge, 
Chief Engineer. 1869. Scale 1:1,267,200. 52X165 
cm. 

Topographical strip map between Council 
Bluffs, Iowa, to west of Great Salt Lake, Utah, 



98 



INDIVIDUAL RAILROAD LINES 



showing located and experimental lines and profile 
of grades. 

593 
Page, H. R. Map of Nebraska showing the Union 
Pacific Railroad land grant. Omaha, 1880. col. 
Scale ca. 1 : 1,300,000. 32X59 cm. 

Township and county map showing drainage, 
cities and towns, and the railroads of Nebraska. 

594 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the Union Pacific Railway and connecting 
railroads. New York, 1882. col. Scale ca. 
1:3,800,000. 57X83 cm. 

Map of the western states showing relief by 
hachures, drainage, cities and towns, and the rail- 
roads with emphasis on the main line. 

LC also has 1883 edition. 

595 
Rand McNally and Company. New map of the 
Union Pacific Railway. The short, quick and safe 
line to all points west. [Chicago, 1883] col. Scale 
ca 1 : 4,000,000. 92 X 134 cm. 

Across top of map: Union Pacific Railway and 
connections. 

County map of the United States showing relief 
by hachures, drainage, cities and towns, and the 
railroad network with emphasis on the main line. 
Scenic illustrations border the map. 

596 
Colton (G. VV. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the Union Pacific Railway and branch 
lines. New York, 1888. col. Scale ca. 1:3,800,000. 
28X84 cm. 

Strip map of western United States from Illinois 
to California showing relief by hachures, drainage, 
cities and towns, railroads, and the Union Pacific 
System in red. 

597 
Knight, Leonard & Company. A correct map ot 
the United States showing the Union Pacific, the 
overland route and connections. 1892. col. Scale 
ca. 1:3,000,000. 110X147 cm. 

Across top of map: Union Pacific the overland 
route. 

Map showing drainage, cities and towns, state 
and county boundaries, railroads, and railroads 
under construction. 

Insets: Sandwich Is. 9X12 cm. — Alaska. 16X 
20 cm. 

598 
Rand McNally and Company. The Union Pa- 
cific system of railroad and steamship lines. 1900. 



Chicago, 1900. col. Scale ca. 1:6,000,000. 48X66 
cm. 

Map of the western United States showing relief 
by hachures, drainage, cities and towns, and the 
railroad network coded by color. Shows lines as re- 
organized by Edward H. Harriman after the busi- 
ness depression of 1893. It was incorporated again 
in 1897 and assumed operation Februar>- 1, 1898. 

Virginia and Tennessee Railroad 

599 
Blackford, William Willis. Map & profile of the 
\'irginia & Tennessee Railroad. Prepared by W. W. 
Blackford Asst. Engr. 1856. Lith. of Ritchie & 
Dunnavant, Richmond, col. Scale 1 : 316,800. 49 X 
109 cm. G3881.P3V4 1856.B51 

Across bottom of map: Profile of Va. & Tenn. 
R.R. 5X42 in. 

Strip map of Virginia between Lynchburg and 
Bristol, Tenn. Shows drainage, relief by hachures, 
coal and copper fields, county boundaries, cities, 
towns, and roads. 

A ''Table of Curvature" and a "Table of 
Amounts" appear on either side of the title. 
Chartered March 24, 1848, under the name of 
Lynchburg and Tennessee Railroad. Consolidated 
in 1871 under Atlantic, Mississippi, and Ohio 
Railroad. See entry 331. 

Virginia Central Railroad 

600 
Ruggles, T. C. Map of the \'irginia Central R.R. 
and its proposed connections. 1852. P. S. Duval & 
& Co's Steam Lith. Press, Philada. Scale ca. 
1:3,250,000. 47X75 cm. 

Outline map of the eastern portion of the United 
States showing the proposed and completed rail- 
road network, and indicating, in red and blue, the 
main connections to the Virginia Central R.R. 
The line became a part of the Chesapeake and Ohio 
Railroad in 1868. See entr\- 365. 

601 
Vaisz, W. Map of the Virginia Central Rail Road 
showing the connection between tide water Vir- 
ginia, and the Ohio River at Big Sandy, Guyan- 
dotte and Point Pleasant, made by W. Vaisz Top. 
Eng. P. S. Duval & Co's, Steam Lith Press, 
Philada. [1852] Scale ca. 1:1,250,000. 46X70 cm. 

Map of \'irginia and parts of adjacent states 
showing drainage, county boundaries, place names, 
and "McAdamised" roads. 

Tables at lower left of map list "Counties border- 
ing on the Central R.R. with their Population" and 
"Distances." 



Virginia & Tennessee— West Philadelphia 



99 



602 
Citti, Louis F. A map of the Virginia Central 
Railroad, west of the Blue Ridge, and the pre- 
liminary surveys, with a profile of the grades. 
Lith. of L. F. Citti, Richmond, Va. [186-] Scale 
1:160,000. 48X71 cm. G3881 .P3V5 186- .C5 

Detailed topographic map betweeh Waynesboro 
and Covington showing relief by hachures, drain- 
age, county roads and turnpikes, railroad lines, and 
"preliminary lines," county names, and boundaries. 
Distances are indicated at lower right of map. 
Consolidated in 1868 into the Chesapeake and 
Ohio Railroad. See entry 365. 

Virginia, Kentucky, and Ohio Railroad 

603 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
of the Virginia, Kentucky, and Ohio Railroad con- 
necting the railroads of Virginia with the railroads 
of Kentucky on the shortest route east and west 
from the Mississippi Valley to the Atlantic Ocean. 
New York, 1881. col. Scale 1 : 760,320. SOX 1 13 cm. 

Map of the middle Atlantic states showing relief 
by hachures, drainage, cities and towns, counties, 
and the railroad network. 

Virginia, Tennessee, and Georgia Air Line 
Railroad 

604 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the line of the Virginia, Tennessee, & 
Georgia Air Line composed of the Shenandoah 
Valley R.R. Norfolk & Western R.R. and the 
East Tennessee, Virginia, & Georgia R.R. New 
York, 1881. col. Scale 1:3,800,000. 49X65 cm. 

Map of the southern United States showing 
drainage, cities and towns, state boundaries, table 
of distances, and the railroads distinguished by 
color. 

605 
Rand McNally and Company. The Virginia, 
Tennessee, and Georgia Air Line. The Shenandoah 
Valley R.R. Norfolk & Western R.R. East Ten- 
nessee, Virginia, & Georgia R.R. (its leased lines.) 
and their connections. Chicago, 1882. col. Scale 
not given. 39X55 cm. 

Map of the eastern United States showing relief 
by hachures, drainage, cities and towns, and the 
railroad network emphasizing the main lines. 

Washington and Atlantic Railroad 

606 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the route of the Washington and Atlantic 



Railroad and its connections. New York, 1883. col. 
Scale 1:760,320. 62X80 cm. 

Map of the middle Atlantic states showing relief 
by hachures, drainage, cities and towns, coal and 
iron ore deposits in West Virginia and western 
Maryland, and the railroad network with emphasis 
on the main line. 



Washington and Ohio Railroad 

607 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the Washington and Ohio Rail Road and 
its connections. New York, 1870. col. Scale 1: 
1,267,200. 66X124 cm. 

Map of the northeastern states showing drainage, 
cities and towns, townships, counties, and the rail- 
road network with emphasis on the main line. 

Washington and Point Lookout Railroad 

608 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the Washington and Point Lookout Rail- 
road and its connections. New York, 1882. col. 
Scale 1:760,320. 58X46 cm. 

Map of the middle Atlantic states showing relief 
by hachures, drainage, cities and towns, and the 
railroad network with emphasis on the main line. 

Washington and St. Mary's Railroad 

609 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the Washington & St. Mary's Railroad 
and its proposed connections north, south, east and 
west. New York, 1887. col. Scale 1:760,320. 58X 
46 cm. 

Middle Atlantic states showing relief by hachures, 
drainage, counties, cities and towns, roads, and 
railroads with the main lines emphasized. 



West Philadelphia Railroad 

610 
Campbell, Henry R. Plan of the West-Phila- 
delphia Rail-Road. 1835. [Engraved] on stone by 
G. Kramm. Lehman & Duval Lithrs. Philadelphia. 
Scale ca. 1:26,600. 16X56 cm. 

G3821 .P3W4 1835 .C3 

Map includes parts of Philadelphia and Mont- 
gomery Counties. Indicates topography by 
hachures, drainage, roads, property owners, and 
part of the city street plan of Philadelphia. 

Shows the "Columbia and Philadelphia Rail- 
Road located by Major John Wilson in 1829." 



100 



INDIVIDUAL RAILROAD LINES 



611 
Howell, Courtland D. Map of railroad line com- 
mencing at a point on the West Philadelphia R.R. 
4 miles below its junction with the Columbia R.R. 
& terminating at the R.R. bridge at Gray's Ferry; 
showing it to be the easiest & most economical 
route for avoiding the inclined plans & approach- 
ing the city of Philadelphia. Surveyed February, 
1849. Scale 1 : 9,600. 43X57 cm. 

Across bottom of map: "Profiles of ground." 
6X56 cm. 

The distance and cost of grading is tabulated at 
the lower right of the map. 

The area covered is along Mill Creek and from 
the Lancaster Pike to Schuylkill River. 



West Virginia Midland Railway 

612 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the West Virginia Midland Railway and 
its connections. New York, 1883. col. Scale 
1:760,320. 47X62 cm. 

Map of West Virginia showing relief by hachures, 
drainage, cities and towns, and the railroad net- 
work with emphasis on the main line. 



Western and Atlantic Railroad 

613 
Cooper, J. F. Map of the country embracing the 
various routes surveyed for the Western & Atlantic 
Rail Road of Georgia. Under the direction of 
Lieut. Col. S. H. Long, Chief Engineer. 1837. U.S. 
Topographical Bureau M. H. Stansbury, Del. 
Scale ca. 1:325,000. 20X55 cm. 

From [Report of Thomas Stockton, Asst. Engineer 
concerning Survey oj said railroad, Oct. 25, 1837] Senate 
doc. 57, 24th Conregss, 2nd sess., 1836-37. p. 38. 
serial 314. 

Includes area from Chattahoochee River be- 
tween Warsaw and Cambelltown, and west to the 
Tennessee boundary. Shows cities, townships, 
roads, drainage, and relief by hachures. 

Accompanied by "profiles of the principal routes 
surveyed for the W.&A. Rail Road of Georgia," 
measuring 26X31 cm. The 138-mile route was 
opened in 1850. 

614 
Fleming, Brewster, and Alley. Birds-eye map of 
the Western and Atlantic R.R. The great Ken- 
nesaw route. Army operations, Atlanta campaign, 
1864. Fleming, Brewster [and] Alley, N.Y. [July 
1887] col. Scale not given. 82X44 cm. 

Map of northwest Georgia from Atlanta north 
to Chattanooga, Tenn., showing location and date 



of battles, railroads, principal roads, towns, rivers, 
and relief by hachures. 

Title when folded: Western and Atlantic R.R. 
W.&A., the great Kennesaw route from Atlanta to 
the north and north-west. Copyright by Jos. M. 
Brown, 1887. Press of Fleming, Brewster & Alley, 
New York. July, 1887. 

Listed in R. W Stephenson's Civil War Maps 
(Washington, Govt, print, off., 1961), no. 126. 

Western Vermont Railroad 

615 
Gilbert, William B. Map of the Western Vermont 
Rail Road and connecting lines. Wm. B. Gilbert, 
Chief Engineer. 1851. Ackerman Lith., N.Y. 
Fredric, Engr. col. Scale ca. 1:540,000. 54X110 
cm. 

At left of map: "Rail road distances, length of 
Western Vermont Rail Road, connecting lines 
north." 

Map of western New England showing drainage, 
relief by hachures, state and county boundaries, 
and cities and towns. Chartered in 1845. 

Wheeling and Cincinnati Mineral Railway 

616 
Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company. Map 
showing the route and connections of the Wheeling 
and Cincinnati Mineral Railway. New York, 1882. 
col. Scale ca. 1 : 800,000. 56X67 cm. 

Map of Ohio showing drainage, cities and towns, 
townships and counties, and the railroad network 
with emphasis on the main line. 

"Map Designed by Thomas R. Sharp, Consult- 
ing Engineer." 

Wilton Railroad 

617 
[Wilton Railroad ] Map of part of 1 >Iew Hampshire 
and Massachusetts, showing the location of the 
Wilton and other railroads. 1847. Scale ca. 
1:150,000. 51X64 cm. 

Shows area of Cheshire, Hillsborough, and 
northern part of Middlesex county. Chartered 
December 28, 1844. 

Williamsport and Elmira Railroad 

618 
Duval (P. S.) & Co. Map of the Williamsport 
and Elmira Railroad with its connections. [185-] 
Scale ca. 1 : 650,000. 83 X 100 cm. 

The map covers parts of New York, Pennsyl- 
vania, Delaware, Maryland, and Virginia. Indi- 
cates counties and major cities. Shows the Pennsyl- 
vania coal regions. Chartered on June 9, 1832. 



West Virginia Midland— Wisconsin Central 



101 



Opened to traffic in 1854. Name changed in 1860 
to Elmira and Williamsport Railroad. 



Winchester and Potomac Railroad 

619 
Humphreys, Andrew A. Map of the routes ex- 
amined and surveyed for the Winchester and Po- 
tomac Rail Road, State of Virginia, under the 
direction of Capt. J. D. Graham, U.S. Top. Eng., 
1831 and 1832. Surveyed by Lts. A. D. Mackay 
and E. French, 1st Arty., assistants in 1831, and 
Lts. E. French and J. F. Izard, assistants in 1832. 
Drawn from the original plot by Lt. Humphreys, 
2d Artillery. Scale 1 : 63,360. 53X58 cm. 

From Documents Concerning Winchester and Potomac 
Railroad, 24th Congress, 2d session.. House doc. 
465, serial 331. 

"Submitted to the Bureau of Topographical 
Engineers, with reports dated March 31st & Sep- 



tember 22d, 1832. James D. Graham, Captain, 
U.S. Topi. Engs." 

Topographic map surveyed in strips along the 
railroad routes. Shows property owners and covers 
an area between the Shenandoah and Potomac 
Rivers to Winchester. Includes table showing "a 
summary of the routes surveyed for the Winchester 
and Potomac Rail Road, State of Virginia." 

Wisconsin Central Railroad 

620 
Matthews, Northrup & Co. Map of the Wisconsin 
Central Line and connections. Buffalo [188-] col. 
Scale not given. 66X75 cm. 

Map of the western United States framed in 
border giving major stations along the route and a 
shippers guide. Shows relief by hachures, drainage, 
cities and towns, state boundaries, and the railroad 
network with named lines. The main line empha- 
sized in heavy black. 



Index 



Numbers refer to entries, not pages. 



Abbot, H. L., 169, 170 

Abercrombie, W. A., 180 

Abert, John J., 147 

Ackerman Lithography, 25, 507-308, 576, 615 

Adams Express Company, 315 

Alabama, 178-179, 199, 476 

Alabama, Railroad Commissioners, 1 79 

Alabama and Chattanooga Railroad, 494 

Alabama and Tennessee River Railroad, 316 

Albemarle and Pantego Railroad, 3 1 7 

Alexander, W. D., 200 

Alexandria Canal, 508 

All American Route, 180 

Alleghany and Clarion Railroad, 533 

Allegheny Railroad and Coal Company, 318 

Allen, J. W., 513 

Allen, William A., 229 

Allen, Lane, & Scott, 520 

Alt, W. W., 250 

Alter, R. H., 521 

American Bank Note Company, 325, 545 

American Central Railway, 319 

American Rail Road& Steam Navigation Guide, 30 

American Railroad Journal, 25-27, 34 

American Railway Guide, 10, 16 

American Railway Review, 424 

Anderson, J. A., 256, 296 

Anderson, P., 484 

Anderson (O. P.) Map and Blue Print Company, 180 

Andrews, Charles D., 110, 169-170 

Andrews, Israel De Wolf, 25 

Annin & Smith, 348 

Appletons' Illustrated Railway and Steam Navigation Guide, 425 

Appletons' Railroad Guide, 135 

Arizona, 172, 181-182 

Arkansas, 134, 183-185, 457 

Arkansas Central Railroad, 320 

Arrowsmith, John, 6, 70, 98, 134, 199, 224, 255, 259, 273 

Arthur (W. H.) and Company, 413 

Asher & Adams, 36, 144, 188, 248 

Atchison, Topeka, and the Santa F6 Railroad, 63, 321-325 

Atlanta and La Grange Railroad, 326 

Atlanta and West Point Railroad, 326 

Atlantic and Great Western Railway, 327 

Atlantic and Pacific Railroad, 328-330 



Atlantic, Mississippi, and Ohio Railroad, 331, 491^92, 599 

Atwood, J. M., 279 

Auburn and Eel River Valley Railroad, 446 

Aurora Branch Railroad, 373 

B 

Bache, A. D., 140 

Bache, Hartman, 572 

Bailey, A. M., 218 

Baldwin, E., 469 

Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, 2a, 231, 332-340, 427-428, 

461 
Baltimore and Susquehanna Railroad, 340 
Baltimore Division, Adams Express Company, 315 
Barnard, W. S., 32 
Barney, Joshua, 332 
Barre and Worcester Railroad, 342 
Barrington, W., 90, 94, 295 
Bayley, G. W. R., 477, 479 
Beatlie, J. Lith., 117 
Beckwith, Edward G., 160-168 
Beers, Frederick W., 563 
Beers (J. B.) & Company, 352 
Behn, L. P., 263 

Bellaire, Zanesville, and Cincinnati Railway, 343 
Bellefontaine and Indiana Railroad, 344 
Belvidere Delaware Railroad, 296 
Benham, H. W., 430 
Benthuysen, G. Van, 261-263 
Benton (Andrew Arthur) Map Collection, 23 
Bergholz, W. R., 533 
Bernard, L., 4 
Betts, J. Brognard, 257 
Beutler, Jos., 126, 141 
Bidwell, Joseph E., 207 
Bielawski, C, 187 

Bien, Julius, 143, 173-174, 194, 222, 226, 319, 339, 547 
Black Diamond System, 345 
Blackford, William Willis, 599 
Blanchard, Rufus, 92, 121, 123, 128 
Bond-aided Railroads, 512 
Boone, Albert E., 345 
Boston, Mass., 406 
Boston and Lowell Railroad, 346 
Boston and Maine Railroad, 347 
Boston and Providence Railway, 348 



103 



104 



INDEX 



Boston and Woonsocket Railroad, 349 

Boston, Barre, and Gardner Railroad, 342 

Boston, Concord, and Montreal Railroad, 350 

Boston, Hoosac Tunnel, and Western Railway, 351 

Boston Map Store, 235 

Bouffard, L., 4 

Bourquin (F.) and Company, 491 

Bouv6, Elisha W., 233-234, 342, 349, 406, 557 

Bowen, Bart., 139 

Bowen, J. T., 72, 291 

Bowen, William, 1 39 

Bowen & Company, 105, 127, 178 

Bowles, Charles S. P., 327 

Bozzola, L. B., 245 

Bradford (L. H.) & Company, 120 

Braxton, Carter M., 541, 549 

Breese, Sidney, 13 

Brewer, William H., 501 

Bridgman, E. C, 271, 281 

Britton & Co., 186 

Britton & Rey, 510 

Broad Mountain Improvement Company, 76 

Broad Top Coal Region, 71 

Brooklyn, N.Y., 268, 352 

Brooklyn City Railroad Company, 352 

Brooks, Alfred H., 198 

Brough, John, ?10 

Brown, C. A. (Portrait), 37 

Brown, H. C, 274 

Brown, J. F., 200 

Brown, Joseph M., 614 

Browne, D. Jasper, 232 

Bryson, Gilbert H., 337 

Buehner, L., 362 

Bufford, John H., 350 

Bufford (J. H.) and Company, 99, 506, 539 

Bufford (J. H.) Lithography, 550 

Bureau of Design, 5 1 4 

Burford, William B., 214 

Burgin, John F., 525 

Burleigh & Flynt, 229 

Burlington and Missouri River Railroad, 353-354 

Burlington, Cedar Rapids, and Minnesota Railway, 355 

Burlington Route, 249, 354, 356-357, 373 

Burr, David H., 6, 70, 98, 134, 199, 224, 255, 259, 273 

Burr, Henry A., 17 

Butler (B. F.) Lithography, 552 



Cable Elevated Railway, 452 

Cady, A. M., 503 

Cairo and Fulton Railroad, 358-359 

California, 148-151, 157-158, 169, 186-189, 510, 568 

California and Nevada Railroad, 360 

Caldwell, John (Portrait), 37 

Cambell, Jna. A., 430 

Cammeyer & Clark, 481 

Campbell, Albert H., 152-153, 158-159 

Campbell, Henry R., 417, 610 

Canals, 1, 2a, 7, 12, 17-20, 27, 29, 48, 54-55, 59, 64, 68-69, 
72, 76, 78, 82, 86, 98, 114-115, 134, 137, 141, 209, 212, 
224-225, 230-231, 255, 259, 271, 273, 279, 282, 285-286, 
290-292, 307, 333, 340, 386, 412, 416, 423, 460, 477, 
486, 489, 495, 504, 524, 563, 572 



Cappeller, W. S., 285 

Carleton, Guy H., 216 

Carter, T. J., 539, 557 

Case, William (Portrait^ 37 

Cash, D. C, 117 

Cass, George W., 418 

Catawissa, Williamsport, and Erie Railroad, 361 

Cedar Rapids and Burlington Railroad, 355 

Cedar Rapids and St. Paul Railroad, 355 

Central Alaska Transportation & Trading Company, 180 

Central Ohio Railroad, 362 

Central Pacific Railroad, 356, 567 

Central Railroad Extension Company of Long Island, 363 

Chapman, Silas, 122 

Chcirleston and Savannah Railroad, 364 

Chattanooga Southern Railway, 574 

Chemung Railroad, 572 

Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, 508 

Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad, 365-366, 412, 600, 602 

Chesbrough, Ellis Sylvester, 79 

Cheshire Railroad, 342 

Chester, D., 42 

Chester, Iron Mountain, and Western Railroad, 367 

Chicago and Alton Railroad, 61 

Chicago and Canada Southern Railroad, 368 

Chicago and Northwestern Railway, 369, 414; Land De- 
partment, 369 

Chicago and Rock Island Railroad, 371 

Chicago and Southwestern Railway, 372 

Chicago, Burlington, and Quincy Railroad, 357, 373-375 

Chicago, Great Western Railway, 376 

Chicago, Kansas, and Nebraska Railway, 377 

Chicago, Milwaukee, and St. Paul Railway Company, 378 

Chicago, Rock Island, and Pacific Railroad, 372, 379, 536 

Chicago, St. Paul, and Fond du Lac Railroad, 380 

Childs & Hammond, 477 

Cincinnati, Indianapolis, and Western Railway, 432 

Cincinnati Railway, 381 

Cincinnati, Sandusky, & Cleveland Railroad, 505 

Cincinnati Southern Railway, 382 

Cincinnati, Virginia, and Carolina Railway, 383 

Citti, Louis F., 602 

City Point Railroad, 492 

Clark, John T., 261-262 

Clark, Austin, & Company, 102 

Clements, W. H. (Portrait), 37 

Cleveland and Mahoning Railroad, 384 

Cleveland and Pittsburgh Railroad, 534 

Cleveland and Toledo Railroad, 385 

Climate, 39, 499 

Coal and Iron Railway, 386 

Cobb, Charles, 10 

Cocheco Railroad, 387 

Coffin, — , 306 

Collins, T. K. and P. G., 517 

Colorado, 190 

Colton, George Woolworth, 89, 91, 107, 111-112, 121, 123, 
204, 279, 424-425 

Colton, Joseph Hutchins, 41, 45, 107-108, 114, 147a, 183, 
209, 212, 218, 227, 277, 279, 440, 483 

Colton (G. W. and C. B.) and Company, 48, 50-51, 58, 
60, 92-93, 95-96, 128, 130-131, 133, 144, 177-177a, 238, 
267-268, 270, 277, 316-317, 320, 322, 324, 328, 330-331, 
343, 351, 353, 355, 359-360, 363, 366-368, 372, 378, 383, 
386, 389-392, 395-397, 401, 404, 408-409, 412, 414-415, 
418, 429, 432^34, 436-437, 441, 443, 447, 449, 451^52, 



INDEX 



105 



456, 458, 464-^t65, 469--i70, 473, 475-476, 489-490, 492- 
493, 497, 505, 509, 512, 518, 533, 535-537, 540, 544, 546, 
548, 554, 556, 558-559, 562, 566-568, 574-575, 578-579, 
581-585, 587, 594, 596, 604, 606-609, 612, 616 

Ck)lton (J. H.) & Company, 435 

Colton, Ohman, & Company, 270 

Columbia and Philadelphia Railroad, 610 

Columbia Railroad, 2a, 517, 61 1 

Columbus and Pensacola Railroad, 388 

Columbus, Chicago, and Indiana Central Railway, 389 

Connecticut, 191 

Connecticut, Railroad Commissioners, 191 

Connecticut and Western Railroad, 390 

Consolidated Southern Railway, 391 

Continental Improvement Company, 418 

Continental Railway, 392 

Cook, C, 111., 206 

Cooke (D. B.) and Company, 118, 203, 218 

Cooper, J. F., 613 

Copley, C, 260 

Coming, Erastus (Portrait), 37 

Corpus Christi and Rio Grande Railway, 393 

Covington, Richard, 200 

Covington and Ohio Railroad, 365 

Cox, J. P., 147a 

Cram, George F., 182, 184, 198, 201, 213, 251, 269, 311, 
314 

Cram & Stebbins, 239 

Cramer, Charles, 278, 291 

Crocker, Charles, 567 

Crocker, WiUiam P., 350 

Crothers, A. S. (Portrait), 37 

Crozet, Claudius, 307 

Custer, H., 158 

D 

Dakota Territory, 370 

Daniels, George H., 487 

Danley, W. L., 472 

Danville and Pottsville Railroad, 394 

Danville, Olney, and Ohio River Railroad, 395 

Danville, Urbana, Bloomington, and Pekin Railroad, 396 

Dauphin and Susquehanna Railroad, 572 

Davenport, Bishop, 5 

Davis, F. A., 563 

Davis, Jefferson, 149-156, 158-163, 165-171 

Dearborn, William L., 146 

DeBihan, C, 327 

DeBow, S. Herries, 309 

De Frees, J. D. (Portrait), 37 

Degrand, P. P. F., 146 

De la Roche, G. F., 341 

Delaware, 68, 70, 75, 192, 230 

Delaware and North River Railroad, 397 

Democratic Stale Journal, 552 

Denver and Rio Grande Narrow Gauge, 547 

Denver and Rio Grande Railway, 398^tOO 

Dey, Peter A., 588 

Dinsmore, Curan, 10, 16, 30 

Disturnell, John, 7, 12, 17, 19 

Dodd (W. H.) and Company, 191 

Dodge, Francis, 460 

Dodge, Grenville Mellen, 592 

Doggett, John, Jr., 75, 237, 308 

Doggett, John R., 9 



DoggetCs Railroad Guide, 9, 75, 237, 308 

Drake, Ira S., 23 

Drew, Columbus, 193, 195 

DuBois, Charles, 221 

Duluth and Winnipeg Railroad, 401 

Duncan, Jacob M., 90, 295 

Duval (Peter S.) and Company, 84, 307, 416-417, 445, 468, 

618 
Duval (P. S.) and Company's Steam Lithographic Press, 

81, 292, 517, 600-601 
Duval (P. S.) & Son, Lith., 142 
Dwyer, Thomas, 453 



E 



East River Railroad, 402 

East Tennessee Railroad, 560 

East Tennessee, Virginia, and Georgia Railroad, 604—605 

Eastern Kentucky Railroad, 391 

Eastern Shore Railroad, 403 

Eaton, S. Dwight, 506 

Eccles, S. W., 399 

Egloffstein, F. W. von Baron, 160-168 

Ehesbroush, J. C, 484 

Emory, William Hemsley, 159, 403 

Endicott, G. & W., 513 

Endicott, William, 116, 462 

Endicott and Company, 1 19, 380, 543 

Ensign, Bridgman, & Fanning, 32, 84, 202, 280 

Enterprise (locomotive), 186 

Erie Canal, 82 

Erie Railway, 404 

Electric railroads, 113, 236, 287, 514 

Elevated railroads, 268, 449, 454 

Elkhom Land Company, 436 

Ellet, Charles, Jr., 80 

Elliott, D. H., 196 

Elliott, S. G., 186 

Elmer, Walter F., 340 

Elmira and Williamsport Railroad, 618 

European and North American Railway, 105 

Eustis, P. S., 357 

Evansville and Crawfordsville Railroad, 404 



Faries, Robert, 571, 573 

Faul, August, 508 

Fava, Francis R., Jr., 461 

Fay, T. V., 528 

Ferguson, W. E., 506 

Fiala, John T., 1 75 

Fillebrown, H. C, 169-170 

Fillmore (Millard) Map Collection, 25, 32, 138-139, 147a, 

173-174, 310, 523, 527 
Fink, Albert, 336 
Finley, Anthony, 290 
Fisher, Richard S., 30 
Fitchburg Railroad, 233, 406 
Fleming, Brewster, and Alley, 614 
Florida, 193-197 
Florida Central Railroad, 545 
Florida Railroad, 407 

Florida Transit and Peninsula Railroad, 408 
Forbes Company, 306 



106 



INDEX 



Force (Peter) Map Collection, 332, 523 

Fort Scott, Topeka, and Lincoln Railroad, 409 

Fort Wayne and Southern Railroad, 410 

Fowler, Stanley G., 555 

Fox River Valley Railroad, 41 1 

Franklin Co., Ark., 444 

Frederic Lithographer, 507 

Fredericksburg and Gordonsville Railroad, 412 

Fr6mont, John Charles, 146 

Fremont, S. L. (Portrait), 37 

Fremont and Indiana Railroad, 413 

Fremont, Lima, and Union Railroad, 441 

French, Edmund, 460, 619 

Freyhold, Edward, 174 

Friend & Aub, 516 

G 

Galbraith, Frank H., 206, 215, 220, 223, 240, 242, 246, 252 

Gameto, S. S., 457 

Garner, G. G., 158-159 

Gast (Aug.) & Co., 564 

Gauges, comparative, 42, 142-143 

Gauges, narrow, 547, 549 

Gay, E. F., 72 

Gedney, Joseph F., 221, 565, 591 

Gelena and Chicago Union Railroad, 414 

Geneva and Hornellsville Railroad, 415 

Geneva, Hornellsville, and Pine Creek Railroad, 562 

Gentry, A. M., 551, 577 

Georgia, 198-199, 613-614 

Georgia Railroad, 416 

German Brothers Lithography, 450 

Gerrard, Kenner, 171 

Gest, E. (Portrait), 37 

Gettysburg Railroad, 417 

Gibbes, J. G., 478 

Gilbert, William B., 485, 550, 615 

Gill, E. H. (Portrait), 37 

Gillis, J. R., 589-590 

Goldthwait, J. H., 42, 58, 102 

Gordon, Thomas, 513 

Graham, C. B., 13 

Graham, James D., 388, 619 

Grand Junction Railroad, 102 

Grand Rapids and Indiana Railroad, 418, 534 

Gray, A. B., 172 

Gray, Charles P., 67 

Gray, Frank Arnold, 230 

Gray (O. W.) & Son, 230, 282 

Great Central Railway, 419-421 

Great Kennesaw Route, 422, 614 

Great Southern Railroad, 331 

Great Western and Lake Erie Railroad, 423 

Great Western Railway, 421 

Griffith, W. P., 491 

Guernsey, Darius L., 55 

Guide for the Pennsylvania Railroad, 517 

Gunn, W. A., 381 

GunnUon, J. W., 160-164 

Gwinner, Henry W., 526 



Haering, Robert, 430 

Hale, Nathan, 99, 103 

Hall, Edward S., 137 

Hall, P. A. (Portrait), 37 

Hamilton, Joseph, 463 

Hamilton Co., Ohio, 455 

Hammond, Engr. & Lithr., 479 

Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad, 424 

Harkness, Olney, 531 

Harlan, James, 589-590 

Harlem Railroad, 30 

Harmon and Williams, 105 

Harriman, Edward H., 598 

Harris, D. L., 484 

Harrisburg to Pittsburgh Railroad, 426 

Harrison, D. R., 481 

Hatch and Company, 538 

Haupt, H., 517 

Hawaii, 200 

Hawley, Jesse L., 580 

Hayward, James, 348 

Hazard, Willis P., 142 

Helena and Corinth Railroad, 320 

Helm, John L. (Portrait), 37 

Heren, Eduard, 478 

Herndon, W. S., 194 

Herron, James, 423 

Heubach, Emil, 373, 379 

Higbee, E. F., 276 

Higgins, R. T., 245 

Higgins & Co., 245 

HUdt, George H., 176 

Hillsborough and Cincinnati Railroad, 427-428 

Hinman, Russell, 381 

Hirschfield, F., 249 

Hitchcock, t). C, 101 

Hobbs, E. (Portrait), 37 

Hoeining, J. B., 226 

Hoen (A.) and Company, 28, 

Hoffmann, John D., 152-153, 

Holman, W. J., 410 

Home Insurance Company, 35, 87 

Hopkins, Mark, 567 

Hotchkiss, Jedidiah, 300, 402, 480, 541, 549 

Hotchkiss (Jedidiah) Map Collection, 300, 402, 480, 541, 
549 

Houghton, S. O., 568 

Houston and Texas Central Railroad, 429 

Howell, Courtland D., 611 

Hoxsie, S. K., 294 

Hoyer & Ludwig, 494 

Hubbard, John, 105 

Hubby, L. M. (Portrait), 37 

Hudson River Railroad, 430 

Humphreys, Andrew Atkinson, 619 

Hunckel & Son, 86, 337 

Huntington, CoUis P., 567 

Hutawa, Julius, 358 

Hutton, N. H., 152-153, 158-159 

Hutton, W. R., 460 



74, 336, 338, 340, 453, 
187 



572 



H 



Haasus & Lubrecht, 53 



Idaho, 201 

Illinois, 202-207 

Illinois Central Railroad, 431, 474 



INDEX 



107 



Indiana, 208-213, 215 

Indiana, State Board of Tax Commissioners, 214 

Indiana and Illinois Central Railroad, 432 

Indiana, Bloomington, and Western Railroad, 505 

Indiana, Bloomington, and Western Railway, 433 

International and Great Northern Railroad, 547 

Iowa, 216-218, 220 

Iowa, Railroad Commissioners, 219 

Iowa and Missouri State Line Railroad, 434 

Iowa Central Air Line Railroad, 435 

Iowa Falls and Sioux City Railroad, 436 

Iowa Railroad, 436 

Ives, Joseph Christmas, 152-153 

Izard, J. F., 619 



Jackson, Lansing, and Saginaw Railroad, 437 
Jacksonville, North Western, and South Eastern Railway, 

438 
Jacobi, L., 337, 428 
Janicke, A., 1 75 
Jaques, C. D., 278 
Jarrett, P., 573 
Jaudon, A. G. (Portrait), 37 
Jenney, W. L. B., 455 
Jersey Central, 543 

Jersey City, Hoboken, & Rutherford Electric Railway, 514 
Jervis, John B., 116 
Johnson, Alvin Jewett, 2 1 1 
Johnson, Charles A., 514 
Johnson, Edwin F., 24 
Johnson & Browning, 124, 136, 183 
Jones, N. F., 427-428 
Joynes, W. T. (Portrait), 37 
Judah, Theodore D., 552 
Junction Railroad, 385 



K 



Kansas, 127, 221-223, 589 

Kansas and Gulf Short Line Railroad, 439 

Kansas Pacific Railway Company, 565 

Kase, S. P., 543 

Kayler, R. S., 287 

Kearney, James, 403 

Keeler, W. J., 221, 565, 591 

Keenan, William, 542 

Kellogg (E. C.) and Company, 24 

Kennedy, A., 100 

Kennedy, David K., 394 

Kennedy & Lucas Lithography, 394 

Kentucky, 224-226 

Kern, Richard H., 160-163 

Kimber, Thomas, Jr., 361 

King, S. D., 209 

Knight, Edward H., 499 

Knight, Jonathan, 1, 7, 527 

Knight, Leonard, and Company, 597 

Knoxville, Cumberland Gap, and Louisville Railroad, 574 

Koerner, P. W. Oscar, 407 

KoUner, Augustus, 76-77, 293, 496, 529 

Korff Brothers, 33, 35 

Kramm, Gustavus, 610 

Kuhl, F., 516 



La Crosse and Milwaukee Railroad, 440 

Lake Erie and Louisville Railway, 441 

Lake Erie and Pacific Railroad, 441 

Lambach, H., 592 

Lambert, John, 154, 155, 156 

Land grants, 13, 54, 65, 127, 221-222, 328-330, 353, 408, 

418, 424-425, 431, 436, 443-444, 457, 494, 501, 517, 578 
Lang, J. C, 315 
Lang & Laing, 87, 123 
Larkin, J. E., 530 
Latimer, H. I., 454 

Latrobe, Benjamin Henry, 74, 278, 336, 523 
Lay, Amos, 2 
Lebanon Co., Pa., 563 
Leefe, George E., 208, 210, 371, 522 
Lehman and Duval Lithographers, 610 
L'Hommedieu, S. S. (Portrait), 37 
Leonhardt, Thomas, 295 
Leopold Gast, Brother, & Company, 1 76, 205 
Lesley, J., 517 
Lesley, J. P., 517 
Levis, John T. (Portrait), 37 
Lewis, Alonzo, 234 
Lewis, G. F., 527 
Lewis, William J., 510 
LewU and Clark, 499 
Lexington and Big Sandy Railroad, 442 
Lincoln, Abraham, 499 
Lindly, Cicero J., 207 
Linneman, O., 336 
Lipman & Riddle Lithography, 41 1 
Lippincott, Grambo, & Company, 18, 21 
Little Rock and Fort Smith Railroad, 443 
Little Schuylkill and Susquehanna Railroad, 361 
Litton, S., 428 

Lloyd, James T., 37, 43, 46, 49, 138-139, 225, 310 
Lloyd (H. H.) & Company, 47, 129, 137 
Lloyd's American Railroad Weekly, 43 
Lock Haven and Tyrone Railroad, 445 
Logansport and Northern Indiana Railroad, 446 
Long, Stephen Harriman, 613 
Long Island, N.Y., 363 
Long Island Railroad, 447-449 
Lord, Henry C. (Portrait), 37 
Lorenz, W., 86 

Louisiana, 134, 227-228, 469, 450 
Louisville and Cincinnati Branch Railroad, 447 
Louisville, New Albany, and St. Louis Air Line Railroad, 

451 
Louisville, New Orleans, and Texas Railroad, 452 
Lowery, Woodbury, 502 
Lucas, Fielding, Jr., 68 
Lucas, William B., 394 
Lynchburg and Tennessee Railroad, 599 
Lynkins Valley Railroad, 572 
Lyon, James B., 270 
Lyons, C. L., 200 



M 



McAIpine, William J., 22, 82, 262 
Mc Alvin, J. T., 436 
McBcan, William, 474 
McCallum, D. C, 143 



108 



INDEX 



McClellan, John, 69 

McCleUand, J., 403 

McDaniel, John Robin (Portrait), 37 

McEwen Map Company, 206, 215, 220, 223, 240, 242, 246, 

252 
McGowan, D., 1 76 
Mackay, A. D., 619 
McKenzie, Louis, 337 
McKisson, J. D., 345 
McLaughlin Brothers, 573 
McLean, A., 175 

McLellan, David, 26-27, 108, 202, 405, 446 
McMinn, J. M., 445 
Macomb, J. N., 142 

Madison and Indianapolis Railroad, 210 
Magnus, Charles, 44 
Mahlo, Emil, 180 
Mahon, Charles, 153, 326 
Mahone, William, 491 
Maine, 229 

Manassas Gap Railroad, 81, 453, 508 
Manhattan Railway, 454 
Manouvrier & Snell, 474 
Maple Leaf Route, 376 
Marietta and Cincinnati Railroad, 455 
Marietta and North Georgia Railway, 574 
Marietta and Pittsburgh Railroad, 456 
Maryland, 68, 70, 75, 230-231, 403, 460 
Mason, R. B., 484 
Massachusetts, 2a, 232-236, 506 
Massachusetts and Vermont Railroad, 324 
Matthews-Northrup Company, 64, 192, 377, 422, 472, 

487-488, 560, 569, 620 
Maury, Matthew Fontaine, 365 
Mayer, Ferdinand, 463, 563 
Meadville, Company, 327 
Mechlin, J. R. P., 155-156 
Medberry, S., 413 

Memphis and Little Rock Railroad, 456 
Memphis and New Orleans Railroad, 458 
Mendel, Edward, 115, 515 
Mendenhall, Edward, 126, 141, 217, 382 
Metropolitan Railroad, 459-461 
Mexican Central Railroad, 323 
Mexican National Railroad, 457 
Michigan, 237-240 

Michigan Central Railroad, 1 16, 420-421 
Michigan Southern Railroad, 116, 462 
Middleton, Wallace, and Company, 31, 118, 172, 217, 

385. 442 
Military railroads, 143 
Mill Creek Railroad, 394 
Millard, B. F., 179 
Miller, Edward, 496 
MiUer, N., 349 
Miller's Lith., 14 

Milwaukee and Horicon Railroad, 463 
Milwaukee and St. Paul Railroad, 46 1 1 65 
Milwaukee and St. Paul Railway, 378 
Milwaukee and Superior Railroad, 466 
Mine Hill and Schuylkill-Haven Raih-oad, 467-468 
Minnesota, 129, 241-242 
Minor, D. K., 2a 
Mississippi, 134, 243, 469-470 
Mississippi and Missouri Railroad, 371 
Mississippi River, 139 



Mississippi Valley Railroad, 469 

Missouri, 244-246 

Missouri Pacific Railroad, 358 

Mitchell, S. Augustus, 5, 23, 38, 97 

Mitchell and Hinman, 5 

Mobile and New Orleans Railroad, 475 

Mobile and North Western Railroad, 470 

Mobile and Ohio Railroad, 474 

Mohawk Valley, N.Y., 260 

Molitor (Edward) Lithography, 140 

Montana, 247 

Montana Railroad, 471 

Montgomery Co., Md., 461 

Moody, J. E., 539 

Moore, W. C, 430 

Morgan, Charles, 350 

Morgan's Louisiana and Texas Railroad, 477 

Morris, EUwood, 278, 427^28 

Morris, Thomas A., 208, 210, 576 

Morrisse, James A., 514 

Morrisse Electric Railway System, 514 

Morristown and Cumberland Gap Railroad, 574 

Morse & Tuttle, 100 

Morton, A. C, 105 

Morton, J. P., 447 

Mota, Alb. von., 398 

Mount Carbon Railroad, 394 

Mowry, Sylvester, 172 

MueUer, J., 384 

N 

Nash, L. S., 446 

Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad, 472 

Nashville, Chattanooga, and St. Louis Railroad, 472 

National Railway Publication Company, 526 

Nebraska, 127, 248-252, 353, 590, 593 

Nebraska Territory, 588 

Nesbitt (Geo. F.) and Company, 466 

Nevada, 188, 253, 568 

New Castle Railroad, 523 

New Hampshire, 254 

New Hampshire, Railroad Commissioners, 254 

New Haven, Middletown, and Boston Railroad, 473 

New Jersey, 75, 255-256, 513-514 

New Mexico, 258 

New Orleans and Ohio Railroad, 474 

New Orleans, Mobile, and Chattanooga Railroad, 475—476 

New Orleans, Opelousas, and Great Western Railroad, 

477^79 
New River Railroad, 480 

New York and Erie Railroad, 404, 481-483, 572 
New York and Florida Limited, 569 
New York and New Haven Railroad, 484 
New York and Oswego Midland Railroad, 485 
New York and Richmond Coal Company, 309 
New York Central and Hudson River Railroad, 486-488 
New York Central Railroad, 420, 430 
New York City, 268, 447, 449, 454 
New Tork Handels ^eilung, 177a 
New York, Lake Erie, and Western Railroad, 404 
New York State, 259-272, 485 
New York, Texas, and Mexican Railroad, 547 
New-Yorker Handels-Zeitung, 330 
Nicholson, W. L., 283, 313 
Noble, C. E. 421 



INDEX 



109 



Norfolk and Cincinnati Railroad, 391, 490 

Norfolk and Petersburg Railroad, 491 

Norfolk and Western Railroad, 492, 604-605 

Norfolk and Western Railway, 559-560 

Norfolk, Albemarle, and Atlantic Railroad, 489 

Norfolk, Wilmington, and Charleston Railroad, 493 

Norris, William, 2a 

North Carolina, 273-274 

North Dakota, 275-276 

North East and South West Alabama Railroad, 494-495 

North Pennsylvania Railroad, 4%, 529 

Northern and Southern West Virginia Railroad, 497 

Northern Indiana Railroad, 462 

Northern Pacific Railroad, 498-502 

Northern Pacific Railway, 1 77, 502 

Northern Railroad of New Jersey, 503 

Norton, J. A., 286 



o 



Oahu, 200 

Oahu Railway, 200 

O'Brien, J. J., 588 

Ohio, 277-287, 456 

Ohio and Pennsylvania Railroad, 504 

Ohio Southern Railroad, 505 

Okelomski, F. A., 478 

Oklahoma, 288 

Old Colony Railroad, 506 

Olmstead, S. R., 586 

Onken's Lithography, 278 

Orange and Alexandria Railroad, 412, 507-508 

Orange, Alexandria, and Manassas Railroad, 453 

Oregon, 1 70, 289 

Oregon Railway and Navigation Company, 500-501, 509 

Osborne, R. B., 527 



Pacific railroad surveys, 14, 22, 24, 28, 31, 41, 62, 146-155, 
157-168, 171, 173-177a, 358, 498-499, 510-511, 565, 
588-592 

Pacific Railroads, 512 

Page (H. R.) & Company, 356, 593 

Palmer, George (Portrait), 37 

Palmer, William J., 565 

Palmer, William R., 388 

Parke, J. G., 157 

Parke, John G., 148-151, 158-159 

Parker, Nathan H., 218 

Parrott, George B., 387 

Paterson and Dover Railroad, 513 

Paterson and Ramapo Railroad, 513 

Paterson Central Electric Railway, 514 

Paterson, Passaic, and Rutherford Electric Railway, 514 

Pathfinder Railway Guide, 101, 104 

Patterson, S. C, 519 

Pendelton's Lithography, 232 

Penniman, John, 341 

Pennsylvania, 75, 255, 290-297, 467-468, 524-526, 532, 
572, 580 

Pennsylvania Central Railroad, 515 

Pennsylvania Railroad, 293-294, 426, 516-521, 534 

Peoria and Bureau Valley Railroad, 371 

Perkins, George R., 265 



Perkins, Thomas H., 232 

Perris, William, 33-35, 87 

Peru and Indianapolis Railroad, 522 

Petingale, Thomas, 263 

Pettee, Otis, 349 

Philadelphia, Pa., 294, 610 

Philadelphia and Baltimore Railroad, 523 

Philadelphia and Erie Railroad, 524-526 

Philadelphia and Reading Railroad, 527-528 

Philadelphia and Sunbury Railroad, 394 

Philadelphia Board of Trade, 142 

Philadelphia, Easton, and Water Gap Railroad, 496, 529 

Philadelphia, Reading, & Pottsville Railroad, 468 

Philadelphia, Wilmington, and Baltimore Railroad, 530- 

531 
Philip (George) and Son, 20 
Phoenixville Cornwall Railroad, 532 
Pike's Peak, 1 76 

Pine Bluff and Southwestern Railroad, 320 
Pinegrove, Lancaster Railroad, 532 
Pittsburgh, Bradford, and Buffalo Railway, 533 
Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, and St. Louis Railway, 518 
Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne, and Chicago Railroad, 504, 534, 

536 
Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne, and Chicago Railway, 518 
Pittsburgh, Marion, and Chicago Railroad, 535 
Plymouth, Kankakee, and Pacific Railroad, 536 
Poates, L. L., 502 
Poett, A., 187 
Policy, J. F., 471 
PoUsinhorn, Henry, 172 
Poole, Henry W., 467 
Poole Brothers, 323, 376 
Poor, Henry Varnum, 27, 89, 111, 495 
Pope, John, 171 
Port Royal Railroad, 537 
Portland and Ogdensburg Railroad, 538 
Portsmouth and Concord Railroad, 539 
Potomac and Ohio Railway, 540 

Potomac, Fredericksburg, and Piedmont Railroad, 412, 541 
Preuss, Charles, 157 
Price, John, 73 
Price, R. M., Jr., 563 
Proctor, John R., 226 
Provost, B. B., 484 
Pruden and Martin's Steam Printers, 309 

R 

Rabun Gap Railroad, 542 

Railroad Journal, 2a 

Railway Mail Service, 206, 215, 220, 223, 240, 242, 246, 
252, 283, 313 

Railway Pathfinder, 345 

Rand, Avery Supply Company, 254 

Rand McNally and Company, 59, 61-63, 66, 179, 181, 185, 
189-190, 197, 207, 228, 243, 247, 253, 258, 274-275, 
288-289, 298, 301-305, 312, 339, 347, 354, 357, 370, 
375, 378, 399-400, 431, 486, 500-501, 534, 553, 555, 
595, 598, 605 

Randolph, J. L., 573 

Rannells, Charles S., 207 

Reading and Columbia Railroad, 543 

Reading and Company, 102, 109 

Reading and Lehigh Valley Railroad, 361, 521 

Rease, W. H., 531 



110 



INDEX 



Reed, A. J., 241 

Rhode Island, 298 

Rice, R. N. (Portrait), 37 

Richardson, Alfred M., 145 

Richmond, Van Rensselaer, 265-266, 485 

Richmond and Danville Railroad, 544-545 

Richmond and Louisville Railroad, 546 

Richter, Leopold, 205 

Ridgway, Thomas S., 365 

Rio Grande and Pecos Railway, 547 

Ritchie and Dunnavant, 599 

Roberts, Solomon W., 504 

Roberts, W. F., 71 

Roberts, W. Milnor, 344 

Robertson and Seibert Lithography, 570 

Robertson, Seibert, & Shearman Lithography, 503 

Robinson, Edwin, 37 

Rock Island Route, 377 

Rockford, Rock Island, and St. Louis Railroad, 548 

Roeser, C, 54 

Rose, William W., 410 

Ross, John (Portrait), 37 

Royal Land Company, 549 

Ruffus Adams and Company, 322 

Ruggles, T. C, 600 

Rutland and Burlington Railroad, 550 



Sabine, H., 284 

Sabine and Galveston Bay Railroad, 551 

Sacramento Valley Railroad, 552 

Sage (J.) and Sons, 36, 88, 125, 263, 525 

St. John, I. M., 447 

Sanford, E. D., 495 

Santa F^ Route, 553 

Sarony and Company, 157, 164 

Sarony, Major, & Knapp Lith., 39 

Saunders, Edward H., 293 

Savannah and Charleston Railroad, 364 

Savannah and Memphis Railroad, 554 

Schlatter, Charles L., 291 

Schonberg and Company, 47 

Schoolcraft, Henry R. (papers), 564 

Schuchman, William, 362 

Schuchman & Haunlein, 344 

Schultz, John H., 34 

Seaboard Air Line Railroad, 555 

Seaboard and Raleigh Railroad, 556 

Seaboard and Roanoke Railroad, 557 

Seaboard, Pennsylvania, and Western Railroad, 558 

Sebastian, John, 377 

Selma, Rome, and Dalton Railroad, 316 

Seymour, Silas, 263, 590 

Seymour & Tower, 503 

Shall, D. F., 183 

Shamokin Railroad, 572 

Sharp, Thomas R., 533, 616 

Sharp & Price, 387 

Sheafer, P. W., 292 

Sheaff, J. A., 72 

Shenandoah Valley Railroad, 604—605 

Shenandoah Valley Railway, 559 

Sherburne, J. P., 152-153 

Sherman & Smith, 8, 106, 114 

Shoemaker, J. G., 517 



Shore Line Railroad, 561 

Short & Forman, 286 

Shotwell, E., 484 

Sibell (William E. & J.) Lithography, 571 

Sidell, W. H., 147 

Siebert, Selmar, 152-156, 160-163, 165-168 

Simpson, J. H., 590 

Sinclair, T., 294, 318, 524 

Sioux City and Pacific Land Company, 436 

SkiUas, D., 573 

Slote & Stone, 551 

Smith, Isaac Williams, 148-151, 157 

Smith, J. L. 96, 296 

Smith, John Calvin, 8, 20, 106, 114 

Smith, Rae, 37 

Smith & Stroup, 94 

Sneden, William, 503 

Snow, George K., 104 

Snow & Wilder, 101 

Snyder, G., 430 

Snyder & Black Lithographers, 484 

Sodus Point and Southern Railroad, 562 

Sours, P., 484 

South Carolina, 273, 299-301 

South Carolina Canal and Railroad Company, 299 

South Dakota, 302 

South Florida Railroad, 196 

South Mountain and Boston Railroad, 563 

South Pacific Railroad Company of Missouri, 563 

Southern Continental Railroad, 565 

Southern Express Company, 145 

Southern Maryland Railroad, 566 

Southern Pacific Railroad, 568 

Southern Railway Company, 569 

Stammann, Hugo, 36 

Standard Coal and Iron Compsmy, 133 

Stanford, Leland, 567 

Stansbury, M. H., 613 

Stanstead, Shefford, and Chambly Railroad, 570 

Steele, J. Dutton, 86 

Steiger, W. T., 28 

Sterling, Thomas, 2 

Stevens, Isaac Ingalls, 39, 154-156, 498 

Stiles, S., 114 

Stockton, Thomas, 613 

Strader, Jacob (Portrait), 37 

Stranahan, H. B., 286 

Street railroads, 229 

Strickland, William, 523 

Strobridge and Company, 381 

Strum, G. P., 222 

Summerall Papers, 345 

Sunbury and Erie Railroad, 77, 524, 571-573 

Sunbury, Erie, and Pittsburgh Railroad, 423 

Susquehanna Railroad, 572 

Sutton, R., 284 

Swain, James B., 262 

Sweet, S. H., 266 



Tanner, Henry Schenck, 1, 3, 7, 299, 348 

Tappan & Bradford's Lith., 79, 146 

Telegraph lines, 17, 49, 109 

Tennessee, 224, 303 

Tennessee, Alabama, and Georgia Railroad, 574—575 



INDEX 



111 



Terre Haute and Indianapolis Railroad, 576 

Terre Haute and Richmond Railroad, 576 

Teulon, E. A., 104 

Texas, 304, 578 

Texas and New Orleans Air Line Railroad, 551 

Texas and New Orleans Railroad, 577 

Texas and Pacific Railway, 578-579 

Texas and St. Louis Railroad, 547 

Texas & St. Louis Railway, 439 

Texas Mexican Railroad, 547 

Texas Mexican Short Line Railroad, 547 

Thatcher, Edwin, 450 

Thayer & Colton, 123 

Thayer (B. W.) and Company, 105 

Theuret, D., 478 

Thomas (G. F.) and Company, 385, 425 

Thomas & Lathrops, 421 

Thomas & Wylie Lithographers, 257 

Thomas, Cowperthwait, and Company, 23 

Thompson, Gilbert, 461 

Thomson, J. Edgar, 416; (Portrait), 37 

Throop, J. V. N., 103 

Through Traffic Railway, 580 

Tielde, Charles, 262-263 

Tilden, S. D., 191 

Tinkham, A. W., 156 

Toledo and Saginaw Bay Railway, 581 

Toledo, Ann Arbor, and Grand Trunk Railway, 582 

Toledo, Ann Arbor, and North Michigan Railway, 583 

Toledo, Cincinnati, and St. Louis Railroad, 584 

Toledo, Peoria, and Warsaw Railway, 585 

Toledo, Wabash, and Great Western Railroad, 586 

Toledo, Wabash, and Western Railway, 587 

Toner (Joseph M.) Collection, 460 

Townley, J. L., 423 

Treverton Railroad, 572 

Troutwine, John Cresson, 523 

Tunis, W. E., 40, 420 

Tunis' International Railroad Guide, 40 

Tunison, E. L., 272 

Tunnel, 410 

Twining, A. G., 484 



u 



Union Pacific Railroad, 15, 52, 356, 588-598 

Union Pacific Railway, 221 

U.S. .Alaska Exploration Expedition, 180 

U.S. Army, Quartermaster General, 65 

U.S. Bureau of Statistics, 62 

U.S. Coast Survey, 140, 430 

U.S. Congress, House, 1 1 

U.S. Congress, Senate, 13 

U.S. General Land Office, 28, 54, 127, 178, 194, 222, 276, 

288, 444 
United States Pacific Railway Commission, 512 
Utah, 305 



Van Cleef, John T., 257 
Van Vleck, Henry, 470 
Vaughan, David, 82, 261-263, 265 
Veeder, N., 83 
Veisz, W., 81, 601 



Vermont, 306, 550 

Virginia, 70, 307-310, 541, 549, 619 

Virginia and Georgia System, 560 

Virginia and Tennessee Railroad, 599 

Virginia Central Railroad, 365, 508, 600-602 

Virginia, Kentucky, and Ohio Railroad, 603 

Virginia, Tennessee, and Georgia Air Line Railroad, 604- 

605 
Vliet, Jasper, 463 

w 

Wagner, Thomas S., 295 

Wagner & McGuigan, Lithography, 498 

Wagner (Thomas S.) Lithography, 90 

Waite, C. H., 59 

Walker, Thomas D. (Portrait), 37 

Walker, Evans, & Cogswell, 145 

Walker, Evans, & Company, 364 

Walker (George H.) and Company, 1 13, 236 

Wall, J. Sutton, 297 

Walling, Henry Francis, 561 

Walpole Route, 349 

Warner, Edward, 384 

Warren, Gouverneur Kemble, 37, 157, 173, 489 

Warrenton Branch, 508 

Warring, J. B. (Portrait), 37 

Washington (State), 311 

Washington, D.C., 230, 460-461 

Washington and Atlantic Railroad, 606 

Washington and Ohio Railroad, 607 

Washington and Point Lookout Railroad, 608 

Washington and St. Mary's Railroad, 609 

Washington Aqueduct, 460 

Washington Territory, 509 

Watson, Gaylord, 52, 56-57, 132 

Watson's Lithography, 523 

Weber (Edward) and Company, 147, 231, 234 

Webster, William, 200 

Weed, Parsons, and Company, 265, 485 

Welch, G. W., 186 

Wells, J., 135 

Welsh, Howard E., 256 

West Philadelphia Railroad, 610-611 

West Virginia, 312, 480, 497, 612 

West Virginia Midland Railway, 612 

Westbrook, J. B., 442 

Western and .Atlantic Railroad, 416, 613-614 

Western Armory, 474 

Western Litho. Co., 219 

Western Map Depot, 251 

Western Railroad, 342 

Western Vermont Railroad, 615 

Wheat, Carl L, 14, 24 

Wheeling and Cincinnati Mineral Railway, 616 

Whipple, A. W., 152-153 

White, William, Jr., 152-153 

Whitewater Canal, 208 

Whitney, Asa, 14 

Wilamowicz, L, 358 

Wilder, R. A., 580 

William Mann & Son, Printers, 512 

Williams, Alexander, 109 

Williams (A.) & Company, 235 

Williams, Henry T., 511 

Williams, Levi, 260 



112 



INDEX 



WUliams, WeUington, 18, 21, 29, 80 

Williams, W. G., 12 

Williamson, Robert, 169-170 

WUliamson, Robert S., 148-151, 157 

Williamsport and Elmira Railroad, 361, 572, 618 

Wills VaUey Railroad, 494 

Wilson, John, 610 

Wilson, Jos. S., 178 

WUton Railroad, 617 

Winchcndon Branch, 233 

Winchester and Potomac Railroad, 619 

Winslow, Lanier, & Company, 418 

Wisconsin, 313, 463 

Wisconsin Central Railroad, 620 

Woods (T. and C.) Lithography, 73 



Woodward, Tieman, and Hale, 321, 457 

Worcester Co., Mass., 233 

Worcester, George P., 572 

Wright, Benjamin, 481 

Wyckoff, P., 211 

Wyoming, 314 



Yeager, J., 68 

York and Cumberland Railway, 572 

Young, James H., 97 

Young, John, 169-170 

Yulu, D. S.. 194 



U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1976 O— 224-431 



7200-C46 
5-49 






UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS-URBAMA 

K«S"omheuni't°e°Jstateswash 



01 




2 025268613