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OCTOBER, 1883. 


L TtIK l>»TKOtT CtlWTWmnf*, -J-r*«B, 

Ituk AowMtM OF Wkuohb to Tin ' .■ .;. 

iKpiToWiVi/, - - ... ... 

S«J«it»In«y-— tunvnUlon CIkit™^ Kcpora.— TV P 
A Waratoft 

I CUA»T" Ui-tT«*N 

l^piUoo — Mb — iJiii»ci<io — I^rtia^EJ*— /"> — teW *-*FIf -W>o— 
OnottK — Ikta. , 

[ A1.VMN1 or I>»J,T* Tau DKLrA, . _ > 

Cbicign : Kovm 903 Open Hcnme Block. 

TERMS — YEtHLV Sumvitipnim, >t.SO ; SMOLE NuMUn*. 20 CEMTI. 



President: \V. M. Day, Mu, '71, 130 Water St., Clcwlaml, o rerm e.xp. iSSf. 

Gtn. Set.: \Vii,iu;r Coi.vix, iJcta. \So, Sprinjjtk-h!, (> " iS8'» 

Gt-n. Treas.: J. 15. Wakk, Iniji, '82,«I Kap'uU, Mich •» 18.S7 

II. T. HlU'CK, Rho, '78, 57 Farniiiigton Ave, Harlfonl, <;onn •» iSS') 

11. W. ruMNfKR, Alpha, '84, 903 C)piTa IIt»usc Ulock, Chkajjo. . •* 1SS7 

E. P. CrLi.UM, isi Div. Sec, Meadvilie, \\\ *' iSSo 

II. A. Stokks, 2d Div. Sec, J>«)x 1252 Delaware O " iSSo 

G. L. KiEFKk, 3(1 Div. Sec, lU»x 3171 Ann Arbor, Mich ** i8So 

J. L. Tekters, 4lh Div. Sec, TJox 1650 Iowa City, Iowa ** 18S0 


( Prtt.y A. 1*. TKAi-rwKiN, Hox 24, Station G, Urooklvn, N. \ . 
Cattilogue Com.: < 

( ..SVt., H. T. iJui'CK, 57 Fannini^lon Ave, Ilarilonl, Conn. 

Cofi'fs .l^vHf : Kho -Aktihu L. Shrkvi:, 427 GaKKn St., Hol)i>ken, N. J. 

Sfti/ .7:;^/// / I'psilon — V. M. ruiri:, 3 Waverly IMarc, Tioy, N. V. 

.SV'«v Z»\W' Coffimititi : Chapter luia. 


The Conver.tion annuuncement will he made when the arrangenieni.i haN..: 
been completed by the Executive Council. 

The CliKiCKNT is published on the 25th of each month during the cI 

legiatc year. Literary articles shuuhl be in the hands of the Etlitor by tl'c 

I2lh, and Chapter Letters by the iSth. Address all communicalion:>, liltra') 

or business, to 

II. W. PLUMMER, Ei.)iTuR-iN Chief. 

903 Oixira House Block, 110 Clark Street, Chieagi*. 




<0f jBefta UTau Befta 


* - - 

« • • 
* * • 

• ■ k 


OCTOBKR, 1886. 


Brown, Pettibone & Kelly, Printers. 

w^- v> 



Editor-in-Ciiikf, H. \V. PLUMMER, Alpha, '84. 

Assistant EUlitors. 

A. P. Trautwein, Rho, '76. J. W. McLean, Zeta, '83. 

O. M. Matson, Beta Beta, '85. C. D. VVillard, Delta, '83. 

C. L. Edwards, Beta Eta, '84. 


First Grand Division. 

^— (Grand Chapter) Allegheny College, W. B. Fulton, Meadville, Pa. 
P — Stevens Inst, of Technology, R. M. Anderson, 427 Garden St., Hoboken, N. J. 
2"— Rensselaer Polytechnic Inst., Victor M. Price, 3 Waverly Place, Troy, N. Y. 
A' — Lafayette College, J. H. Palmer, Easton, Pa. 

r — Washington and Jefferson College, H. E. Alexander, Washington, Pa. 
77— I^high University, Harry Toulmin, South Bethlehem, Pa. 
2i' — Columbia College, J. A. Moorcrokt, 212 East 53d St., New York City. 

Second Grand Division. 

M — (Grand Chapter) Ohio Weslcyan Univ., F. M. Austin, Box 1253, Delaware, O. 
A' — Kenyon College, W. W. Scranton, Gambier, O. 
!F— Wooster University, V. L. Crabbe, Woosler, O. 
Z— Adelbert College, Sherman Arter, 760 Wilson Ave., Cleveland, O. 
B — Ohio University, E. D. Sayre, Athens, O. 
(9— Bethanv College, H. S. Willett, Bethany, W. Va. 
^— iBuch^eJf College, Jam*:? ^ord, Akron, O. 
V.trrtn^i^'CoiffE&, Wj it: Carroll, Oxford, Ga. 
^J-^o*n varsity ofCeof gift, \V. S. U pshaw, Athens, Ga. 
B ©— ;Uni»rer»t*»of tkc-^outh, G. L. Crockett, Sewanee, Tenn. 
* I • ••• • • *•* 

-,•?,,:*•.:•••• J Third Grand Division. 

J — fGrand Q|iaptj!jj'ytiv.*, of Michigan, J. C. Shaw, Box 3171, Ann Arbor, Mich. 

^ — Fkiif«yeX^Cou<ge,;D. K. Williamson, Hanover, Ind. 

E — AribionCoWgftj'E'. T*.*Abernetiiy, Albion, Mich. 

/ — Michigan Agricultural College, J. N. Estabrook, Lansing, Mich. 

i:— Hillsdale College, S. B. Harvey, Hillsdale, Mich. 

B B — DePauw University, I. B. Blackstock, Greencastle, Ind. 

B Z — Butler University, E. W. Gans, Irvington, Ind. 

Fourth Grand Division. 

O — (Grand Chapter) Iowa State University, J. L. Teeters, Iowa City, Iowa. 

/i— Iowa State College, Sherman Yates, Ames, Iowa. 

S — Simpson College, S. L. Vanscoy, Indianola, Iowa. 

B i/— University of Minnesota, V. N. Stacy, Universitv, Minneapolis, Minn. 

B if— University of Colorado, Guy V. Thompson, Boulder, Colorado. 

Alumni Associations. 

New York Alumni Association — /V«., Rev. A. L. Crandai.l; Sfcy^ A. P. Traut- 
Chicago Alumni Association — Prfs.f W. L. McClurg; Secy^ H. W. Plummer. 
Cleveland Alumni Association — Pres., W. M. Day ; Secy^ H. G. Sherman. 
Michigan Alumni Association — Prfs., Rev. A. M. Gould ; S^cy, J. B. Ware. 


VOL. IX. OCTOBER, 1885. NO. I. 


August 19, SO and SI, 1886, 

EcUtor of The Crescent : — In response to your kind invita- 
tion, we will endeavor to transfer to your pages some notes of 
the Convention, as from time to time we jotted them down in 
our journal. 

When on Tuesday evening, the 18th, we stepped across the 
threshold of the Russell House, we were wan and weary, our hair 
plentifully sprinkled with Michigan cinders, and our classic 
countenance veiled in the blackest of Michigan dust. But phys- 
ical fatigue and discomfort were quickly forgotten in the cheery 
smile of fraternal welcome, and the hearty, earnest, manly shake 
of hands clasped in Delta grip. The numerous animated groups 
of Delta Taus scattered about the hotel lobby were satisfactory 
evidence that the Twenty-sixth Convention would be a success in 
numbers and in spirit. All were happily engaged ; some in 
gathering and binding together the broken threads of past inti- 
macy ; others weaving the golden strands of noble, disinterested 
friendship ; and still others earnestly discussing the questions to 
be submitted to the delegates for deliberation and decision. It 
was a late hour when the last enthusiastic Delts had reluctantly 
broken their happy circles and sought the repose which comes 
alone to the righteous. 

The early morning of Wednesday saw many additional arri- 
vals, — Pi's delegation of eleven coming through Canada from 
Buffalo in their special coach ; while a number of Pennsylvania 
and Ohio men sailed across Erie's "unsalted sea" from Cleve- 


land. When the gavel fell at 11 o'clock, and Bro. Cook called! 
the convention to order, over seventy Delta crowded into the- 
hotel parlors to witness the opening session. A truly repre- 
sentative gathering it was. The Divisions were represented in 
almost equal numbei's, — chapters Pi, Mu and Delta, with eleven 
each, leading the chapter delegations. It was decidedly to be a 
convention of the younger members of the fraternity. Grove, 
Day and Ritezel being the only " wheel-horses " of the olden 
time observable, and they by association deserve to be num- 
bered among ''the boys." 

After prayer by Bro. Magruder, the usual committees were 
named. The Committee on Credentials soon announced that 
thirty-five accredited delegates were present from twenty-one- 
chapters, and that five additional chapters were represented by 
proxy. It was decided to substitute a steamboat excursion for 
the regular banquet, and the Committee on Arrangements was 
instructed to make the necessary preparations. 

The hotel parlors proving too small for the accommodation 
of the Convention, and inconvenient for the rapid transaction of 
business, Wednesday's afternoon session was called in an elegant 
and commodious society hall in the Abstract Building, where all 
the remaining sessions were held. 

The business of this session was mainly routine, listening to 
chapter and committee reports, and the like. The Committee 
on Arrangements announced that the steamer had been char- 
tered, and all preparations made for the excursion. At 4 o'clock 
the entire Convention embarked, and sailed away on the broad 
bosom of the mighty river. Here was opportunity for intimate 
association, and advantage of it was taken. The boys mingled 
freely, — took possession each of the other, so to speak. It is a 
curious, a marvelous study — the frank trust and confidence 
which fraternity men place in the manhood, the honor and the 
fidelity of other men, hitherto unknown, perhaps, even by name 
or reputation. Doubtless it would be an astounding but unavail- 
ing revelation to those mighty men of mammoth intellect who 
imagine themselves to be doing the Lord's work in opposing the 
growth of the fraternity system. But to our story. While the 


"boat was gliding swiftly up the river, the college and fraternity 
stories were told, and the college and fraternity songs were 
sung. What if some peculiarly antique and mouldy chestnuts 
were cracked open. What if some rather patriarchal jests were 
cruelly exposed to the merciless cynic. There were other stout, 
hearty, able-bodied jokes which clambered on deck amid shouts 
•of ringing laughter. What if some of the songs were flat, stale 
^nd unprofitable. There were other strains that smote the mys- 
tic chords of memory, that, trembling with harmony, swept us 
back into tbe charmed, the golden circle of ne'er-to-be-forgotten 
<x)llege days. Thus, amid fun that sometimes grew riotous, 
^enjoying the conversation of wit and wisdom and friendship, 
mingled doubtless with tender, almost sad recollection, we sailed 
far above the city, then turning, passed below and landed on 
the Canadian side. Here we had supper ; — ^and what a supper ! 
Would we had the wizard touch of a Howells to do it justice on 
paper. Though all else sink into the gulf of oblivion, that sup- 
per will ever loom up, spectre-like, above the horizon of our 
memory. Suffice it to say that mine host remained the beaming 
owner of a large pot of shekels and heaps of alleged edibles, 
uneaten and uneatable. 

With undiminished spirits the boys gathered on the wharf, 
Bud there ''in the gloaming" pranced through a stag dance. 
Then the long line of warriors wound in and out, through the 
serpentine mazes of the now famous Choctaw " walk around," 
to the weird chant of wah-ne-ho-o-wah-ne-ho. With three cheers 
and a tiger we again embarked, leaving the untutored and bar- 
l)arous Kanucks in convulsions of amazement and terror. 
Steaming up the river, the city was reached at a late hour, 
And the excursion was over, each Delt protesting that it was 
thoroughly enjoyable, and an agreeable change from the stiff 
And formal banquet. 

Thursday's morning session was exclusively devoted to the 
presentation of the new Ritual, by Mu's committee of nine. 
For this purpose the Detroit Commandery tendered the use of 
their hall. The new Ritual is a strong, impressive work, the 


result of years of thought and patient toil on the part of ita 
author, Bro. Curtis, Mu, Astoria, Oregon. Thursday afternoon 
the Convention got down to hard work in fine style, and the 
calendar was rapidly cleared. Alpha, Mu and Delta were reelected 
Grand Chapters, and Omicron was chosen Grand Chapter of the 
Fourth Division. The charters of Chapters Lambda at Lom- 
bard, and Tau at Franklin and Marshall, were unanimously 
withdrawn. A committee of twelve alumni was appointed on 
Alumni Organization, with power to act. The new Ritual waa 
conditionally adopted. The Council was ordered to investigate 
the condition of several chapters and their respective colleges. 
A number of constitutional amendments were adopted ; and the 
Catalogues remaining unsold were ordered distributed among 
the chapters, each being debited with a number in proportion to 
the size of its chapter list. These were some of the more import- 
ant heads of business settled. 

The Literary Exercises were held in Whitney's Opera House,, 
on Thursday evening, and consisted of the following 

Programme. — Afusit — March, ** King Karl," Faust. Invocation — Rev. Wash- 
ington Gardner, Mu, '70, Kalamazoo. ^wjiV— Overture, ** Pique Dame," Suppc. 
Address of Welcome^ S. S. Babcock. Response and Address — by the President, W. 
W. Cook, Delta, '80, New York. Music — Flute Solo — Cappriccio, A. Terschak. 
Oration — "What may we Justly Demand of Our Colleges?" Prof. J. H. Grove,. 
Mu, '70, Delaware, Ohio. A/mjiV—" Delta Tau Delta Waltzes," (Ms.) W. A. Mc- 
Andrew, Delta, *86, Ypsilanti. Poem— Our Mother in Purple and Grey," H. W. 
Collingwood, Iota, '83, read by C. W. McCurdy, Iota, '81. Declamation — " King 
Lear," Charles Krichbaum, Psi, '83, Canton, Ohio. Music — Waltzes, ** Where the 
Citrons Bloom," Strauss. Benediction. 

Mr. Babcock's welcome to the Convention, in behalf of the 
citizens of Detroit, was charmingly extended, in warm, eloquent 
and graceful language. Bro. Cook's address was a clear, trench- 
ant, and profoundly analytic exposition of the aims, the rights, 
the purposes and the influences of the American College Frater- 
nity. It is an address well worthy the careful study of fraternity 
men, the well informed of whom will not fail to appreciate its 
just and admirable statements, and its many telling hits on some 
of the evils of the system. Professor Grove's oration was mas- 
terly in its treatment of one of the great questions of the day^ 


and was eagerly followed by every thoughtful mind in the house. 
JBro. Collingwood's poem and Bro. Krichbaum's declamation, 
received the hearty applause of the delighted audience. In short, 
every feature of the programme was clean-cut, polished and 

Friday morning's session was, to a great degi'ee, occupied in 
clearing away the remnants of routine business. Many reports 
were read and accepted. The Crescent was placed under the 
care of the Council, to be published and edited by some alumnus 
or alumni. Curtis was elected President, and Trautwein, Secre- 
tary, of the next Convention ; the balance of the programme 
being left Uy the discretion of the Council for satisfactory reasons. 
Plummer and J. B. Ware were elected to the Council, of which 
honorable body Day will officiate as President, and Ware as 
Treasurer, during the ensuing year. Amid many regrets, the 
Convention promptly adjourned, without day, at 12 m. 

The Fraternity was fortunate in the selection of Detroit as the 
place of convention. With her clean, handsome business streets, 
her stately avenues, bordered with superb residences, and above 
all, her noble and majestic river, Detroit is a city of surpassing 
beauty and interest. The theatres, the base-ball park, and the 
excursion boats, gratified the desires of the pleasure seekers. 
The weather was delicious, being delightfully cool and clear 
during almost the entire time of the session. Friday morning 
broke with a violent thunder storm, which, however, lasted but 
a few hours, and left the atmosphere brighter, more charming 
and inspiring than before. The city press was exceedingly 
courteous, and published the proceedings at length, — the Post^ 
in particular, devoting two columns to the literary exercises, and 
printing the entire list of attendants. Tlie proprietors of the 
Russell House made an unprecedented reduction from their regu- 
lar rates, and did all in their power to make the boys at home. 

Amid such surroundings, with such an enthusiastic, wide- 
awake crowd of men, how could our Detroit meeting fail to be a 
glorious success — one to be placed high on the roll of Delta 
Tan's greatest conventions. 

Very fraternally, Rymerton. 




The Address of Welcome was made by Samuel S. Babcock, 
Esq., a pi'ominent member of the Detroit bar, who spoke in a 
most pleasing and happy strain. He declared that when called 
upon to assume the task, liis mind naturally reverted to the late 
visit of the Mexican editors, when the Hon. Thomas W. Palmer 
delivered an address of welcome in Spanish. He had considered 
whether an address in Latin, or perhaps, better still, in Greek, 
would not have been proper upon the present occasion ; but on 
mature deliberation had decided to say in good old Anglo- 
Saxon, " Welcome." So he bade the society welcome to 
Detroit. Although not the seat of the State University, Detroit 
nevertheless, takes a great and kindly interest in the cause of 
higher education, and is always glad to see within its walls repre- 
sentatives of the college youth of the land ; it loves literary men 
and literature, and rejoiced that the young men of to-day were 
able to grow up with more learning than their fathers could 
aojuire. Mr. Babcock recalled his own college days at Oberlin, 
which were somewhat suddenly cut short in the early days of 
the war, for what he at the time thought would be for a few 
weeks only, whereas, as a matter of fact, it closed his college 
career for ever. Although not a fraternity man himself, he 
assured the visitors of his entire sympathy with the purposes 
which called them to Detroit, and hoped that at some future 
time the Fraternity might again decide to convene in his city. 
He remarked, jocularly, that he hoped that those members from 
outside do not believe all that the newspapers say about Detroit ; 
the papers were more apt to draw attention to the naughty things 
of which Detroit is guilty, than to present the many good things 
of which the city lias every reason to be proud ; he, for one, was 
anxious that they carry back to their homes none but the most 
favorable and pleasant impressions of the city. 


Mr. Babcock concluded Iiis remarks by reading the following 
lines, which he had prepared for the occasion : 

To '' Delta Tau Delta '' I am asked to extend 

A warm word of welcome, the " grip " of a friend ; 

To say to its members, who are met here to-day : 

We are glad you have come, and we hope that your stay 

Will afford you the pleasure and profit you seek. 

And will bring us the good-will we kindly bespeak. 

From the warm, sunny south-land, whose love we desire ; 
From the base of the " Rockies,*' whose summits aspire 
To touch the high heavens ; from the Kast and the North, 
We welcome you all, as equals in worth : 
May your numbers increase, and the work that you do 
Be helpful to those who shall come after you. 

We trust the young men who are now in the field 

For the honors and profits our colleges yield, 

Will be wiser than we, whose heads have grown gray, 

And will profit by what we did in our day ; 

Will set our successes and errors apart, — 

By the latter be warned, from the former take heart 

Some lessons we learned were sad ones indeed — 
Lessons for which there had never been need, 
Had there been more ties of the fraternal kind, 
Binding our hearts, as yours, they so lovingly bind, — 
For brothers in love cannot enemies be, 
^ince the good that's in each they so readily see. 

But the past is the past, and with loving regret, 

We elders remember its " April showers '* yet ; 

And we're glad from our hearts, as we greet you to-day, 

That the storms we have faced cannot darken your way : 

Let the battles we fought in your memories live, 

And 3'our love to the warriors equally give. 

Your union is more than the union of men 
Joined by a few simple strokes of the pen, — 
Tis a union which brings man closer to man. 
And thus forms a part of the Great Architect's plan. 


For making love stronger tiuui poanoa mad gittd . 
For bloodshed and war. abolishing 

Then cherish jour k>ve for the -* Pnrpie and Grav." 
Grow purer and better, as years roll away. 
Let your sons, and their sons, taking pattern from you. 
More thorooghly finish the work which they do. 
And thos shall the world in its progress be bkst. 
Because -- Delta Tan Delta *' endeavored its best. 

^ It is needless, perhaps, to say that Mr. Babcock^s remarks^ 
and the reading of his poem, so peculiarly appropriate to the- 
occasioD, met with hearty applause. 


Grand Rapids. Sfpf^mb^ :ft\ ASsi;^. 

The Deltas of Grand Rapids are active, enthusiastic, loyal. 
Knowing we had brothers who were ministers in the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, and thai the Michigan Conference was to 
convene in this city September 53 to 29, the resident Deltas 
arranged an informal banquet for the vis^iting brothers, which 
was held Saturday evening, September 2^. Thirteen Deltas 
assembled, and live chapters were represented, when all were 
seated at the banquet table. They were : 

Rev. W. a. Huxsrircer, K *7S Hastings Mich. 

Rev. a. M. Gould, A' '73 Kalamazoo. Mich. 

Rev. K. H. Dissett, M '72 •• Temperance SeiTetary." 

Rev. J. W. Davids, E S2 Lowell, Mich. 

Rev. Washtsgton Gardner, M 70. . .Jackson. Mich. 

Rev. J. C. Floyd, J 76 Big Rapids, Mich. 

Rev. J. C. Beach, E 'SI Ludington. Mich. 

Rev. L. W. Bacox. E 82 Shepardsville, Mich. 

Rev. Thomas Cox. E Nashville. 


And of the resident Deltas were : 

J. E. Coulter and J. B. Ware, both of / '82. 
C. A. French, E *82, and E. J. Ware, J '85. 

Bro. L. W. Hoyt, I '82, was absent from the city on busi- 
ness, and nnable to be present, as he had intended. 

After doing justice to the abundance of good things spread 
before us, we listened to informal addresses by Bros. Goulds 
Gardner, French and Floyd, each of whom most pleasantly 
recalled scenes and incidents of their college days, and if our 
four stars did not twinkle and our Crescent beam out more glori- 
ously, it was not because there was no spirit of ^'Our Good Old 
Delta Tau ■ ' present. 

J. B. Ware explained the present mode of government in the 
Fraternity ; presented the claims of our organ. The Crescent, 
and anticipated the vigorous growth and prosperity of Delta 
Tau Delta in the near liuture. 

The statement of the action taken by brother Deltas, who 
held a banquet in Petoskey last summer, was made by Bro. £. 
J. Ware, showing that arrangemente were made for providing a 
Delta Home for the accommodation of any brothers who might 
visit this delightfiil summer resort. We expect steps will soon 
be taken to place it in permanent shape, and hope thereby to 
induce many of our fraternal brothers to visit us in our '' Home.'^ 

It was decided to invite all Deltas who could so do, to meet 
at Kalamazoo next year (the (Conference meeting there), and 
Rev. A. M. Gould was appointed President, and J. B. Ware 
Secretary of such Delta meeting. We anticipate a grand Delta 
Reunion, and hope to see many brothers present at that time. 
The date of the holding of the meeting will probably be an- 
nounced through The Crescent. 

"May no cloud obscure the Crescent of our good old Delta 
Tau." X. W. 


For making love stronger than passion and greed, 
For bloodshed and war, abolishing need. 

Then cherish your love for the " Purple and Gray," 
Grow purer and better, as years roll away, 
Let your sons, and their sons, taking pattern from you, 
More thoroughly finish the work which they do. 
And thus shall the world in its progress be blest. 
Because ^' Delta Tau Delta " endeavored its best. 

^ It is needless, perhaps, to say that Mr. Babcock's remarks^ 
and the reading of his poem, so peculiarly appropriate to the- 
occasion, met with hearty applause. 


Orand Rapids, September 36, 1885. 

The Deltas of Grand Rapids are active, enthusiastic, loyal. 
Knowing we had brothers who were ministers in the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, and that the Michigan Conference was to 
convene in this city September 23 to 29, the resident Deltan 
arranged an informal banquet for the visiting brothers, which 
was held Saturday evening, September 26. Thirteen Deltas 
assembled, and five chapters were represented, when all were 
seated at the banquet table. They were : 

Rev. W. a. Hunsburger, E 78 Hastings Mich. 

Rev. a. M. Gould, K 73 Kalamazoo, Mich. 

Rev. K. H. Dissett, M 72 " Temperance Secretary. ' 

Rev. J. W. Davids, E *82 Lowell, Mich. 

Rev. Washington Gardner, M 70. . .Jackson, Mich. 

Rev. J. C. Floyd, J 76 Big Rapids, Mich. 

Rev. J. C. Beach, E '81 Ludington, Mich. 

Rev. L. W. Bacon, E '82 Shepardsville, Mich. 

Rev. Thomas Cox, E Nashville. 


And of the resident Deltas were : 

J. E. Coulter and J. B. Ware, both of I '82. 
C. A. French, E '82, and E. J. Ware, A '85. 

Bro. L. W. Hoyt, / '82, was absent from the city on busi- 
ness, and nnable to be present, as he had intended. 

After doing justice to the abundance of good things spread 
before us, we listened to informal addresses by Bros. Gould^ 
Gardner, French and Floyd, each of whom most pleasantly 
recalled scenes and incidents of their college days, and if our 
four stars did not twinkle and our Crescent beam out more glori- 
ously, it was not because there was no spirit of ''Our Good Old 
Delta Tau • ' present. 

J. B. Ware explained the present mode of government in the 
Fraternity ; presented the claims of our organ. The Crescent, 
and anticipated the vigorous growth and prosperity of Delta 
Tau Delta in the near Inture. 

The statement of the action taken by brother Deltas, who 
held a banquet in Petoskey last summer, was made by Bro. E. 
J. Ware, showing that arrangements were made for providing a 
Delta Home for the accommodation of any brothers who might 
visit this delightful summer resort. We expect steps will soon 
be taken to place it in permanent shape, and hope thereby to 
induce many of our fraternal brothers to visit us in our *' Ilome.'^ 

It was decided to invite all Deltas who could so do, to meet 
at Kalamazoo next year (the (Conference meeting there), and 
Rev. A. M. Gould was appointed President, and J. B. Ware 
Secretary of such Delta meeting. We anticipate a grand Delta 
Reunion, and hope to see many brothers present at that time. 
The date of the holding of the meeting will probably be an- 
nounced through The Crescent. 

" May no cloud obscure the Crescent of our good old Delta 
Tau.'^ X. W. 



[Subscribers will please notice that^ for good and substantial reasons ^ the 
Subscription Price of The Crescent has been raised from One Dollar to One 
Dollar and a Half per volume of nine numbers. Send remittances to the Editor- 
in-Chief by Postal Note or Money Order,] 

The new management assumes control of The Crescent with a 
full appreciation of the magnitude of the trust, and a determination to 
•command and deserve the confidence and approval of the Fratemit}-. 
The change from under-graduate to graduate control, was made in 
deference to the wishes of a large number of alumni from whose ranks 
must come, in turn, that increased support and patronage which is 
absolutely essential to the financial success of the journal. The publi- 
cation of The Crescent in a large city, involving an additional 
expense of more than one-third, places upon the shoulders of the 
Editors a vastly increased burden of care, of labor and responsibility : a 
burden which can be carried only with the generous, open-handed assist- 
ance of every frater, whether in or out of college halls, who realizes 
the importance, the necessit}', of making our organ a worthy repre- 
sentative in the brotherhood of Greek journalism, and a true expo- 
nent and mirror of Delta thought and spirit and principle. This shall 
be our first, last and only appeal, in these pages, to the Fraternity, and 
with full faith and belief that it shall not have been made in vain, we 
send forth the first number of Volume Nine of this our Crescent. 

Next month we expect to publish in full Bro. Cook's Address to 
the Convention. Those who had the pleasure of hearing it at Detroit^ 
will agree with us that it is eminently worthy of publication, and our 
readers can look forward to a literary feast of an excellence rarely 
offered in the pages of a fraternity journal. 

Each recurring Convention makes it more evident that the conven- 
tion chapter repoi*ts are fast becoming an unmitigated nuisance, and an 
almost intolerable bore. The manner i n which these reports are received 
manifests the truth of our plain statement of the case. Many of the 
delegates become very prominent by reason of their absence, while 
those who remain sink into the most profound reveries, or assume a 
look of listless indifference, amounting almost to mental paralysis. 


Here is a vigorous demand for reform and a wide field of action. We 
cordially invite some of our skillful organizers to here concentrate their 
attention, and devise some scheme of relief, whereby these reports can 
be made profitable and enjoyable. We, ourselves, have the crude out- 
line of a plan, which, when fully developed, will be offered to the con- 
sideration of the Fraternity. We are ready to entertain any sugges- 
tions which may assist in bringing order out of what is now chaos, and 
hope the brothers will not be diflSdent in putting their ideas on paper, 
for the general good of the fraternity. 

Our enthusiastic Convention correspondent has clearly tinged 
his report with the tints of rosy dawn. Yet, in truth, there is 
some excuse for his rhetorical fireworks, and much reason for 
congratulation and satisfaction with the Convention, and the work 
accomplished. The meeting was not sectional, but national. Every 
division was represented, and well represented. Delegates were pres- 
ent fix)m the Tennessee mountains and the prairies of Iowa and Illi- 
nois. The valleys of Pennsylvania and Ohio sent their quota ; while 
many came redolent with the breath of the sad sea waves. The 
appearance, the culture, the thought, and the action of representative 
men of widely separated chapters could be observed and studied. 
Without doubt, the fhitemity is rapidly growing up to a common 
standard in more ways than one. The business was deliberately, con- 
scientiously and methodically transacted. Socially, the Convention 
was an unbounded success. The literary exercises were excellent 
beyond measure, and if presented to a small audience, it was because 
of an unfortunate misunderstanding in sending out the invitations to 
the residents of the city. Sitting in judgment on the (convention as a 
whole, we heartily join in pronouncing it one of Delta Tau's greatest 
and best 

Out of a delicate consideration for the feelings of our readers, we 
have this month generously curtailed the space usually alloted to the 
exposition of alleged editorial ideas, or more properly, hallucinations, 
on fraternity questions and kindred topics. Lest you, kind readers, 
too quickly congratulate yourselves, permit us now to say, that in all 
succeeding issues, we shall deliberately, wickedly, and with malice 
aforethought, use every inch of our space in the frank and free discus- 
sion of methods and measures wherein and whereby we believe the 
Fraternity can be made better and stronger and nobler. 


Zl)c (Breeii Morit). 

Judge Isaao H. Maynaed, Second Comptroller of the Treas- 
ury, is a J X £ ; General John Meredith Read, Jr., ex-Consul 
General at Paris and ex-Minister to Greece, is an ^ J ^ ; John 
S. Wise, Republican candidate for Governor of Virginia, is a 
B n \ James Q. Chenoweth, First Auditor of the Treasury, 
IB €L rj \ James G. Blaine is an honorary member of jd K E; 
David A. Wells, the eminent political scholar, is a J T] Charles 
Kendall Adams, President of Coniell, was once sl B S Ily but 
resigned to join W T; ex-Governor William D. Bloxham, Min- 
ister to Bolivia, is a J X ; Andrew D. White, ex-Minister to 
Germany and ex-President of Cornell, is a 2f ^ and a ¥^ T; J. 
Walker Feame, Minister to Roumania, Servia and Greece, is a 
^ K E 'j Theodore Roosevelt, the New York politician, is an 
A J and sl J K E \ President James H. Smart, of Purdue 
University, highly spoken of for Civil Service Commissioner, is 
an honorary member oi 2 X ; Governor George Hoadly, of 
Ohio, is a 5 77, and Judge Joseph B. Foraker is a ^ jfiC ¥^. 

The Forty-sixth Annual Convention oi B & 11 was held at 
the Lindell Hotel, St. Louis, Mo., August 26, 27 and 28, 1885, 
and was the first convention of the fraternity held west of 
the Mississippi ; Ex-Governor B. Gratz Brown, of St. Louis, 
President. The attendance was small, and the Beta Theta Pi 
says " It was, to a noticeable degree, a western convention both 
in personnel and feeling." Granted a charter to the University 
of Texas, and refused three other petitions. The banquet was 
held Friday evening at the Lindell Hotel, Mayor Francis, of 
St. Louis, presiding ; and, in addition to numerous toasts, the 
Convention Poem was read by Mr. Dabney Marshall. The 
next convention will be held in Cincinnati, O., in August, 1886. 

The fraternities at Cornell 9lyq ^ KW, Z W, K A, A A ^, ^ T, 
A K E, & A X, B & Ily emd W r. The ladies are represented 


hy K A O and KK F. All seem to be in flourishing condition, 
though Z W might seemingly spare a little time from "sporting 
matters, with advantage. The Dekes at Cornell are perhaps 
hardly up to the standard of that worthy fraternity. Kappa 
Alpha is composed of wealthy men. Delta U and Psi U have 
fine chapters. B II, A ^ 0, and & J X are well represented 
hy good chapters. New York Alpha of K W, lately reestab- 
lished, has a fine body of alumni, and was fortunate in securing 
five of the strongest men in the late Senior class. — The Shidd^ 
of ^ K W. 

J K E has granted a charter to petitioners at the Central 
University of Kentucky, Bichmond, the chapter being estab- 
lished June 9, 1885, with fifteen charter members. The chapter 
was christened the Iota — the naifte of J K E^s dead chapter at 
the Kentucky Military Institute. It is said that ex Governor 
James B. McCleary, b, J KE, having a son in the new chapter, 
has given $1,500 for a chapter house. The other fraternities 
there are A T H, 2 A E and 2 N. A K E makes no secret of 
reestablisliing herself in the South. 

The recent Convention of Southern K A placed the control 
of its journal with the Chi of Vanderbilt, with Prof. J. H. Leigh 
as editor, and confirmed crimson and gold as the standard colors. 
An*angement8 were made for the publication of a catalogue by 
the Rho chapter of South Carolina University. The attendance 
was large and enthusiastic, and the convention was in every 
sense a success, and highly creditable to this young but vigorous 
and growing Southern fraternity. 

Thb Ohio Alpha of Phi Delta Theta was reestablished at 
Miami University, Saturday evening, October 3, 1885, with 
eight charter members (one sophomore, six freshmen and one 
prep.) B & n, A and 2 X were founded at Miami, and 
A A 0, A K E and A T also had chapters there during the 
former existence of the college, but A & is the only one who 
has revived, although some of the others hope to reenter soon. 


"Oh ! girlies, how can I ever adequately express my appre- 
ciation of the lovely token you sent me? I was never more sur- 
prised, never more pleased, than on opening that little box. I 
found within what I had so long wished for — a Delta Gwmma 
pi/a; and that, too, the loveliest one I have ever seen." — Ddta 
Gamma Anchora. 

The Beta Theta Pi is authority for the statement that Z W 
has reestablished her chapter at the University of North Caro- 
lina ; and has founded a chapter in the Case Scientific School, 
Cleveland, Ohio. 

The fraternities of Wabash College have the following mem- 
bership and are named in the order of merit : 4^ J ^, 22 ; 2 X^ 
7 ; * /' J, 6 ; 5 77, 12 ; ^ K W, 4. 

The Thirty-ninth Annual Convention of J K K meets with 
the Gamma Phi of Wesleyan at Meriden, Conn., October 21 
and 22, 1885. 

The Twenty-first Convention oi ^ F A meets with the Sigma 
Deuteron of Lafayette, at Easton, Fa., October 26, 27 and 28, 

A <^, Z W, /I W, ^ K W, <^ K ^\ A T .Q, B (-J n, X <P, 
and 2 X are represented at the University of Pennsylvania. 

The fifty-first annual convention of J jT meets October 22 
and 23 with the University of Rochester chapter. 

Rainbow, ^ A &, K A, <P T J, ^ A E, 2 X. K 2 and 
B G n nre found in the University of Texas. 

Twenty-two of the fifty-seven active chapters of * J are 
in the South. 

^ K W and X W have revived their Cornell chapters. 


Cbapter letters* 

Xi — Simpson. 

Xi, although few in numbers, opened the year auspiciously. 
Four of our last year's number were of class '85, which left us 
only five to begin tlie year with. We have initiated two men 
whom we are proud to introduce to the fraternity, — Bros. Her- 
bert A. Youtz, of Commerce, Iowa, and Ernest H. Thornbrue, 
of Denison, Iowa. Bro. Youtz is a freshman, and a good 
student ; Bro. Thornbrue is the instructor in penmanship in the 
College. Our chapter closed the last year's work with the seventh 
annual banquet and formal dedication of chapter hall on the 
evening of June 22. Twenty-seven loyal brothers, with their 
ladies, were present, and, after listening to the literary pro- 
gramme, adjourned to the Central House, where the banquet was 
spread. It was one of the most enjoyable occasions, and the 
most truly representative gathering of the brothers in the history 
of the chapter. 

Our college is greeted with an increased attendance this year. 
Plans are being rapid!} pushed forward for the erection of an- 
other building. Bro. E. M. Holmes, '80, was elected to the 
chair of Hebrew and Greek, and is now filling that position. 
Bro. Holmes graduated at the Garrett Biblical Institute, and is 
accounted one of the ablest men of the Conference. 

Xi has her share of college honors. She is well represented 
on the staff of the Simpsoniun, Bro. E. B. Osbom is editor-in- 
chief, and Bro. S. L. Van Scoy financial manager. 

Zeta — Adelbert. 

Zeta sends a greeting to all her sister chapters. Allow us to 
introduce to the fraternity Bro. Gabriel F. Smith, '88, who was 
initiated the latter part of last term. We commence the year 
with six men, — three seniors and three sophomores. With 
the men we have pledged, we think the outlook for Zeta is 



blighter than ever before. '89 is the smallest class that ha» 
entered Adelbert for some time, numbering only fifteen men. 
J KE has brought out four men, and B & 11 three. On account 
of our letter not appearing in the June Ceesoknt, no account of 
our annual banquet reached our friends. It is sufficient to say 
that it was an improvement over last year's, and was highly en- 
joyed by the alumni and visiting brethren. 

Beta Beta — De Pauw. 

The University opened with an attendance of about 550 
students. The McKim Observatory, Music Hall, the Ladies' 
Boarding Hall and the Gentlemen's Boarding Hall were occu- 
pied for the first time at the opening of the year. Dr. John 
Clark Kidpath resigned his position as .Vice President and Pro- 
fessor of History and Political Philosophy at commencement. 
Dr. John P. D. John was elected Vice President, but Dr. Rid- 
patli's chair remains vacant. Prof. Alma Holman has resigned 
her position as Professor of Modern Languages, and Col. James 
Riley Weaver, K W (Allegheny, '63), ex-United States Consul 
General at Vienna, Austria, has been elected to the position 
thus vacated. The other new members of our Faculty are as 
follows: William W. Martin, A.M., B.D., ^ iV © (Wesleyan, 
'74), Professor of Theology ; Samuel S. Parr, Professor of Didac- 
tics and Principal of the Normal School ; Henry A. Mills, ATA 
(Albion, '76), Professor of Painting and Dean of the School of 
Fine Arts ; Rena A. Michaels, A.M., Ph.D., ^ <^ (Syracuse, '74), 
Professor of Italian and Spanish; Wilbur V. Brown, B.S.^ 
(Stevens, '80) Assistant Professor of Mathematics ; Henry B. 
Longden, A K E (De Pauw, '81), Assistant Professor of Latin ; 
Emma S. Howe, Professor of Voice Culture. In addition to the 
above, there are several new instructors. 

Our chapter began the term with seven enthusiastic Deltas ; 
since then we have initiated two members of '89 : Frederic F. 
Friedley, of Madison, Ind., and David A. Stevens, of Terre 
Haute, Ind., who have proved themselves worthy of the "Pur- 
ple and the Gray." We have two fine men pledged in the Pre- 
paratory School. Bros. McNutt and Paul will not be in college 


this term, but will be with us next term. Bro. Wimmer is one 
of the captains in the Military Department; and Bro. ^Norton 
is President of the Adelphian Society. During the summer the 
resident members were pleased to entertain Bro. Trautwein, of 
Rho, and Bro. Edwards, of Beta Eta. Since college opened 
the chapter was glad to have Bro. Plummer, of Alpha ; Bro. 
Will Crose, formerly of '86, and Bro. John Stevens, formerly of 
^88, visit us. By careful selection and good work, we hope to 
sustain our high standard, and enjoy another year of fraternal 

Alpha — Allegheny. 

Our college opened this fall with an increased attendance and 
a much better class of students from which to choose. Unex- 
pectedly a number of last year's actives did not return, leaving 
our membership at the opening but two. Two pledged men, 
however, were immediately initiated, and before this letter is in 
print probably two or three moi-e names will be enrolled. The 
chapter is by no means weak, however, as we have a large resi- 
dent membership, ever watchful for our welfare. Two of these 
have joined the chapter and at least two more will take an active 
part. Our initiates are Ned. A. Flood and James A. McClurg, 
both brothers of Deltas of the same name. 

Our rivals in College are in fair condition ; the chapter of 
Phi Gamma Delta is probably as prosperous as any of them. 
We still hold our magnificent suite of rooms, and intend to give 
many pleasant social events through the term. 

Psi — Wooster. 

WoosTER Universfty Opened her doors on the 16th of Sep- 
tember. The opening address, on ''Conscience," was delivered 
by Pres. S. F. Scovel to a large and appreciative audience. The 
number of new students is larger than any year previous. The 
Music Department has brought many young ladies into our 
midst, who pursue a partial course in college along with their 
music. Our Faculty has been greatly strengthened by the addi- 
tion of ex-President Taylor, who has been appointed Dean of the 


Post-Graduate Course and Professor of Biblical Instruction. The 
Board of Trustees has done away with the system of tutoring in 
the Preparatory Department, thus taking a step in the right 
direction. The fraternities have not been idle in the few weeks 
of school. No less than ten men rode Greek goats on the night 
of the 3d. Of tliese, ^ F J got six, mostly from the Prepara- 
tory Department. B Q TI has initiated one, ^ J & three, ^ K W 
three, ^"X two. A T A saw but two men she wanted, and here 
they are : W. S. Bowman, '89, Irwin Station, Pa., and T. L. 
Aughinbaugh, '89, East End, Pittsburgh, Pa. Bro. Bowman 
took the history prize last year. Psi is very strong this year ; 
with a membership of sixteen, a strong body of alumni to urge 
us on, and a willing spirit among us to advance, our future is 

Beta Theta — University of the South. 

Having met with so much encouragement and hearty good 
wishes from the Fraternity in the matter of our chapter house, 
we now ask them to rejoice with us. All things have gone 
prosperously and well, so that at last we are in possession 
of a handsome little frame building, comfortable, convenient 
and substantial, and withal pretty enough to be very proud of. 
Should any Delta hereafter wish to take a ramble "among the 
Tennessee mountains," Beta Theta will engage to give him a 
right royal welcome. 

Nor was the dedication of our hall without its peculiar fitness. 
Our first meeting was near the mystic hour, one night before the 
house was entirely finished. Beta Theta had just scored a vic- 
tory, and we were gathered there with only such paraphernalia 
as was absolutely necessary, but before we left we clasped the 
hands of three new Deltas : Bros. L. D. Weiss, L. F. Butt and 
L. H. Mettair. Since then we have initiated Bro. F. E. Cole, 
of Texas. 

Since our last letter, our commencement has come and gone, 
and Delta Tau Delta was not overlooked by the blind goddess. 
Four medals, one cup, and a half interest in another fell to our 
share, and since then two more medals have gladdened our 


hearts. The happy recipients are Bros. Wright, Dashiell, 
Tucker, Mettair and Crocket, and the awards have been for 
declamation, oratory, essay, and general excellence in societies. 
Two out of four orators on commencement day were Deltas, and 
we have now the presidents of both our literary societies, and 
three out of six editors of the Cap and Oown^ including the 

Our rejoicing has not, however, been untempered by soitow, 
for we have lost some of our best men. Bros. Hall, Riddell and 
Harris, old and tried fellows, who have been with us from the 
very first in adversity and prosperity, graduated in the Theo- 
logical department, and are now at work in different places in 
Tennessee. Bro. S. G. Smith has left us to go to West Point, and 
Bro. Finney will leave shortly for Rensselaer Polytechnic Insti- 
tute. Yet with all these losses, we start on a new year with a 
strong chapter of seventeen men, and hope to accomplish much, 
in such ways as we can, in the next twelve months : at any rate 
we'll try. 

Thcta— Bethany. 

The college opens this year with most flattering prospects of 
a very pleasant and profitable session. Though about the same 
number of new men have come among us as in former years, 
there seems to be a much larger per cent, of first-class material 
than for several years previous. Prof. Thompson, lately of 
Eureka College, is making himself very popular with the boys, 
and will add considerably to the strength of the Scientific De- 
partment. Prof. Epstein (Greek, Hebrew and Arabic) is a grad- 
uate of Vienna University, Andover Theological Seminary and 
Columbia College. He is a Russian by birth, and was for many 
years a Jewish Rabbi, and preached in Thessalonica in modem 
Greek. He is a man of very superior education, and gives 
promise of making his department of great value. Prof. Wool- 
ery. President pro tem.^ is a most acceptable chairman, as he is 
greatly loved by all the students. 

Theta is booming. We have nine men, all first-class work- 
ers. On the last evening of the last collegiate year, at a special 


meeting, we welcomed three new brothers : W. J. McClure, C. 
C. Cherryholmes and Sherman Kirk. Bro. J. A. Rice, of 
Pierce, Ohio, came into the chapter about a week since. Bro. 
S. M. Cooper, a former strong man of Theta, is back with us 
this year. Glad to have him back. Bros. King and Phil. Pen- 
dleton w^ore with us a few days, while at home attending a reun- 
ion of tlie President's family. The former returns to his pastorate 
at New Albany, Ind., and the latter goes to Florida to spend 
the winter. 

Beta Eta — University of Minnesota. 

With us here at the University of Minnesota the year opens 
well. An addition of five instructors and of one hundred and 
twenty-five new students gives a stronger and steadier swing to 
the work of every department. Additions have been made to 
the curriculum of studies, and the hours of recitation are in- 
creased to seven — five in the forenoon and two in the afternoon. 
The new buildings which for some time have been developing in 
the brain of our Board of liegents, have matured so far as to get 
on paper in specified shape and dimensions. Some of them 
liave been located, and will begin shortly to loom up in wood 
and stone. The greatest obstacle to fm'ther building at present 
is tlie Northern Pacific Raih'oad, which persists in laying its 
track through the University property, within two blocks of the 
main college, in spite of the injunction of the Court. A long 
war in the Supreme Court is already well under way. 

A body of one hundred and twenty-five students naturally 
gives plenty of work to the fraternities. There is, perhaps, more 
of sharp competition in the way of persuasive button-holing and 
of right-down solid manceuvering than ever existed here before. 
The main argument of the Chi Psis, which are at present rather 
weak in numbers and otherwise, is their alumni. The induce- 
ment offered by the Phi Delta Thetas is their numbers. The 
local frat., the Theta Phis, have for their inducement that sev- 
eral of their members are instructors in the institution, and that 
members are free to join any other fraternity at any time, — as 
free, in fact, as though they belonged to no fraternity. The 


only inducement our fraternity has to offer a candidate is our 
Catalogue and the common-sense and get-up of our local mem- 
bers. It is rather early in the season to predict which of the 
above list of inducements has the most effect. We may say this 
much for ourselves, however, that the prospects are blossoming 

Upsilon — Rensselaer. 

XJpsiLON begins this year with the best prospects she has ever 
known. The year was begun with eight members, but in a short 
time our membership was increased to twelve, by the addition 
of three members of the class of '89, and Bro. Finney of Chap- 
ter B 0. Bro. Asserson was obliged to leave this year, but will 
return next fall. Bro. Gunn of the class of '87 has been 
elected president of his class ; the oflBce includes the presidency 
of the Transit board of editors. A new course has been added 
to the curriculum of the Institute this year, which confers the 
degree of B. S. The want of a course like this has long been 
felt, and it is thought it will attract a number of students to the 
Institute who want a liberal scientific education. Upsilon takes 
pleasure in introducing Bro. Paul Bigelow, of New Haven, 
Conn., Chas. A. Raht, of Philadelphia, Penn., and Allan 
McLane Maury, of New York City, of the class of '89. 

Mu — Ohio Wesley an. 

Chapter Mu entered upon this college year with ten active 
men. Since the term began, we have initiated into the brother- 
hood one worthy the name of "Brother," — Will. G. Hornell, 
'89. The number of new students this year is not nearly so 
large as last year, and the number of available fraternity men is 
proportionably less. Yet, for all that, Mu has not been inactive, 
and at some near future date the result of our labors will be man- 
ifest. We naturally miss our six seniors and other fraters, who 
went out from us last year ; but. while we are seemingly few in 
number now, we believe we are able to fight a good fight. We 
have not forejotten yet that it is possible ''for one to chase a 
thousand, and two to put ten thousand to flight." 


Wliile the Boai'd of Trustees of this College were holding 
their annual meeting here last commencement, an effort was 
made by the non- and anti-fraternity men of the school, to have 
the fraternity system at the O. W. U. forever abolished. A 
petition signed by 125 men, comprising all the leading nonfrats 
and anti-frats, was presented to the Trustees and Faculty by two 
of the opposing^ party, who were renowned for their Ciceronian 
eloquence. Yet, with all their efforts, the appeal was almost 
unheeded both by the Trustees and the Faculty ; and so to-day 
the fraternity system is much more fiimly rooted in the Ohio 
Wesleyan University than ever before. 

During the East Ohio Conference of the M, E. Church, which 
just closed at this place, we were favored with the presence of 
Revs. J. C. Jackson, Sr., D. Y. Murdoch, W. P. McLaughlin, 
G. P. Austin, B. F. McElfresh, and M. M. Kugler, — all entliu- 
siastic alumni of Delta Tau Delta. 

Omicron — University of Iowa. 

The opening of the term found us with eight active members, 
four seniors, two juniors, and two sophomores — Bros. Hoag and 
Harper, of '88, failing to return. We have initiated five men : 
Chas. K6yes, Des Moines, and E. R. Nichols, Luana, juniors ; E. 
V. Mills, Elkader, and Julius Lischer, Davenport, sophomores ; 
and W. F. Summers, Ottumwa, freshman. We took three of 
these away from our rivals, and feel highly elated over om* suc- 
cess. We have one more good freshman pledged, and can easily 
obtain the remainder of the men we desire, notwithstanding we 
have four rivals. The position Omicron has won in this institu- 
tion, and the strong alumni we have sent forth, enable us to be 
much more conservative in choosing our men than we have ever 
been before. We feel complimented in receiving the Grand 
Chaptership of the Fourth Division, and will endeavor to trans- 
act the business connected with the position in a prompt and 
business-like manner. In order that we may do so, we request 
the secretaries of this division to be prompt in remitting all 
reports and dues. 


The university is very prosperous this year, more material 
for fraternity men entering than for several years past. The 
chapters of the other fraternities represented here appear to be in 
good condition, but we will defer individual mention until our 
next letter. 

Delta — University of Michigan. 

College is once more open, and with bright prospects we 
are determined to make this the most successful year in Delta's 
history. We begin with eleven of the members that were here 
last year, having lost four by graduation, while Bros. J. A. Mc- 
Donald and Prescott have left us, but will probably return for 
the second semester. Bros. Swartout from Epsilon and Breck 
from Iota have entered the Law department, and we understand 
there are others here but they have not yet given us a call. We 
have initiated two men, and will soon add two or three more to 
our list of members. Bros. Prescott, Guild and Pitts have 
spent a few days with us. We are entirely refurnishing our 
new chapter house and have completed the work on the parlors, 
in which we take no little pride. 

The college never before was in as good condition nor began 
a year with as fair prospects as at present. The class of '89 is the 
largest that ever entered the university and contains some good 
men. Representatives from the nine leading fraternities here 
met in our parlors on the evening of October the 13th, and 
decided to revive the Fraternity Juniors' Hop, which in the past 
was the leading social event connected with the institution. 
Our representative on the Palladium this year is Bro. E. F. 

Eta— Buchtel. 

This fall finds eight good, enthusiastic men, to whom the 
banner of Eta is entrusted and who are ready to do anything 
honorable to aid the cause of Delta Tau. Let any one visit our 
meetings and be convinced. There is not much movement in 
fraternity circles as regards Delta Tau and her rivals, as not 


many new students came this fall, and the field was well gleaned 
before. Elappa Kappa Gamma has initiated three of her choice 
and Delta Gamma five. Will Hugill, formerly of Buchtel, '86, 
has entered the senior class at Cornell. Bro. Warrens is with 
his father, Captain Warrens, located at Fort Vancouver, W. T. 
The senior class has decided upon representation oq commence- 
ment day, and has elected three members to represent it. It is 
not known whether this action will be accepted by the Faculty or 

Nu — Lafayette. 

Lafayette has now been open for more than a month, and 
the great wave of excitement having "rolled by," we are able to 
cahnly survey the field and narrate the results of our campaign. 
The Freshman class is not quite up to the average standard of 
excellence either in men or in numbers. Hence, there has been 
more than ordinary activity among the fraternities to capture the 
available material. Pardon the egotism, but we believe Nu has 
kept pace with the best of them. Starting out with Stenger,'86, 
Ensor, '88, and Palmer, '88, we have succeeded in adding to our 
ranks three Sophs, R. K. and H. M. Morton and William Mc- 
Keen, with one from '89, E. B. Camp, a brother of A. B. Camp, 
N, '84. In addition to these we have several others in view 
. with fair chance of securing them, and feel on the whole encour- 
aged with the prospects of the year's work. 

Beta Kappa — Colorado. 

The opening of our college year found four Deltas back in 
their old places, — Bros. Glover, Chase, Mason and Tliompson. 
We are more enthusiastic than ever in the cause of the Frater- 
nity and we are full of new plans for the good of the chapter. 
Bro. Pease returned, October 6, from Atlantic City, Wyoming, 
where he has spent the summer with a surveying party. Bro. 
Noxon is daily expected here from his home at Idaho Springs. 
Brother De Long of the Xi, a friend of the Bros. Stidger, made 
Boulder a visit recently, and was present at our last meet- 
ing. We are beginning to carry out a plan for furnishing and 


•decoratiDg our chapter hall ; we shall probably soon be able to 
make it a more attractive place to show to visiting brothers as 
•our Delta home. We anticipate a pleasant and successful year. 

Rho — Stevens. 

The first important change in the constitution of the faculty 
of Stevens Institute of Technology, since its organization in 
1870, has been made in the past summer. Last June, Professor 
Bobert H. Thurston, who has been from the beginning at the 
head of the department of Mechanical Engineering, accepted a 
flattering offer from Cornell University, as Director of Sibley 
College of Mechanical Arts, whose affairs during the last few 
years appear to have been neglected, and which needed for its 
head a man of Professor Thurston's energy and executive ability. 
Knowing it would be difficult to find in the engineering profes- 
sion a man competent to succeed Prof. Thurston, — ^few engineers 
being teachers as well — the Trustees, at the almost unanimous 
request of the alumni of Stevens, invited Professor De Volson 
Wood, formerly Professor of Mathematics, to fill the chair so 
unexpectedly made vacant. This duty Prof. Wood has accepted. 
He begins his work with a rich store of engineering information, 
the highest mathematical attainments, an intimate acquaintance 
with the department and its needs, and a great personal popular- 
ity. On account of severe illness during several months past, 
he has not, however, been able to take his new charge until a 
few days ago. Up to that time his place was filled by Mr. Wolff, 
'76. The Trustees invited Prof. J. Burkitt Webb, late Professor 
of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Mechanics at Cornell 
University, to take the chair vacated by Prof. Wood's trans- 
fer. Prof. Webb comes to us as a brilliant mathematician, and 
every way fitted for the position. The transfer of Assistant 
Engineer C. A. Carr, U. S. N., to other duties, has necessitated 
another change, and pending the assignment of another naval 
•officer, Bro. F. E. Idell, '77, was requested to act as instructor 
in mathematics. 

Notwithstanding these changes, everything is progressing 
smoothly at the Institute. It has evidently entered upon a 


prosperous career. There were eighty applicants to the fresh^ 
man class, the most promising fifty of whom were admitted. 
The other classes received additions to their ranks, some of whom 
are graduates from other colleges and scientific schools. The 
freshman class is a very promising one, especially as compared 
with its immediate predecessor : this fact all the fraternities here 
fully appreciate. We hope in due course of time to fill our ranks 
with a good delegation from that class. We already have the 
pleasure of introducing Bro. Arthur Lee Shreve, of Baltimore, 
Md., as one of these delegates. We began the year with seven 
undergraduate members, three seniors, three juniors, and one 
sophomore, and have a strong local alumni list to support us in 
all our undertakings. We look forward to a prosperous year, 
hoping to accomplish much in the way of internal improvement, 
which we will submit to the Fraternity through the Hfvo Chron- 
icle^ which will enter upon its seventh volume, and in the publi- 
cation of which , TJpsilon will be associated with us. We are 
fully represented on the college journal, Tlie Stevens Indicator^ 
and with the Chi Phi and Theta Xi, and the neutrals, will pub- 
lish the twelfth volume of our annual. The Eccentric, At a. 
recent meeting of our athletic association, the only student enter- 
prise here that involves what may be called college politics, Bro. 
Ed. P. Mowton, '85, was elected President and member of the 
board, and Bro. R. N. Bayles, '87, Treasurer ; Bro. Bayles is 
also President of his class. 

In the affairs of the Alumni Association, our chapter is fiilly 
represented ; A. E. Humphreys, '81, was; in June, elected 
President ; A. P. Trautwein, '76, Corresponding Secretary, and 
Bro. F. E. Idell, '77, Director ; in fact, for more than six years 
the Deltas have been prominently identified with the alumni 
interests of the Institute. 

With perhaps only one exception, our rivals are flourishing. 
Theta Xi, Beta Theta Phi, Alpha Tau Omega, Chi Phi, Chi Psi, 
and Sigma Chi are now represented here, but there being about- 
200 students enrolled, there is abundant material for all. 


Omega — Iowa State College. 

After a "sub-rosa" existence of ten years, Omega has at 
last been recognized by the Faculty, and is now in a more 
promising condition than for a number of years. The chapter 
at present numbers nine active members, all of whom rank high 
in class work, and are in good standing with the President and 
Faculty. This number will be increased to twelve, — our limit 
this year. We have been allowed a hall to meet in, and next 
year will have a peimanent one assigned us. The society pro- 
poses to fit this up at an expense of from $200 to $250, and 
active arrangements are being pushed with that in view. 

Beta — Ohio University. 

The campaign of 1885 has opened in earnest, and finds all 
the boys of Beta deeply engaged in the work of the year except 
Bro. Hunter, who graduated in June, and Bro. Gabriel, whom 
ill-health has detained at home. Bro. Strickland will return in 
the spring term, to graduate with '86. We take pleasure in pre- 
senting our first initiate, — Bro. D. W. Williams, '88, Oakhill, O., 
Beta, throughout the year '84r-'85, took the highest grades in 
literary work and scholarship, and hopes by faithful endeavor to 
maintain the high standard attained. We are small in numbers, 
but the spirit of Eversole, Scott and Townsend still goes march- 
ing on. 


Hlumnrof Belta (Tau JDclta. 

Nu — Lafayette. 

'82, Omn Serfass was admitted to the Bar of Noithamptom 
Co., Pa., in July last, and has his oflSce in Easton. 

'82, Dr. Wm. A. Seibert will open office in Easton, Novem- 
ber 1, when he shall have fulfilled his engagement as Home- 
Physician at the Homoeopathic Hospital, Boston, Mass. 

'82, Dr. M. J. Bliem was married September 10, at Cleve- 
land, Ohio, the home of the bride. Miss Louise Yost. He will 
be found " at home " in Chicago, after November 1. 

'84, Wm. H. Woodring was admitted in August to the North- 
ampton County Bar, and is l<x;ated in Easton. 

'85, John E. Fox is a student-at-law in the office of Wise & 
Gilbert, Harrisburg, Pa. 

'85, M. T. Hines is teaching at the Kenyon Grammar SchooU 
Gambler, Ohio. 

'85, B. V. Somerville is on the State Geological Survey, and 
located at Scran ton. Pa. 

'85, A. B. Vandevander is a student-at-law in Savannah, 

'86, E. F. Gray is one of an engineer corps located at 
Hazelton, Pa. 

Psi — Wooster. 

'85, J. L. Lee is attending Allegheny Theological Seminary,. 

'85, E. C. Downing is reading law in Wooster, Ohio. 

'82, J. A. Gordon, first honor man of '82, is preaching im 
Crook's Town, Minn. 

'83, Chas. Krichbaum is studying law in Canton, Ohio. 

'84, H. M. Kingery has been elected to the Latin Chair in 
Emporia College, Emporia, Kansas. 


'83, J. C. Sharpe is Professor of Latin and English in Shady 
Side Academy, Shady Side, Pittsburg, Pa. 

'84, J. M. Fulton is at the North- Western Theological Semi- 
nary, Chicago, 111. 

'83, D. C. Hanna will graduate this year from Princeton 
Theological Seminary, Princeton, N. J. 

'83, R. C. Vaneman is Professor in a college at Grove 
City, Pa. 

'83, C. O. Johnson has entered upon his second year in. 
Allegheny Theological Seminary, Allegheny Pa. 

'88, Lister Pomerene has entered Soph, at Princeton. 

Upsilon — Rensselaer. 

'82, A. E. Deal is now employed with the D. L. & W. R. R., 
at Scranton, Pa. 

'82, Fred. Rosenberg is still on the Pennsylvania Railroad, 
situated at Philadelphia, Pa. 

'84, M. P. Quintana is now in Brooklyn, intending to leave 
for Cuba in a short time. 

'84, Frank Spearman is in Steubenville, Ohio, in charge of 
iron works. 

Omicron — University of Iowa. 

'81, E. J. Cornish and Judson L. Wicks are in the law busi- 
ness, the former at Omaha, Neb., and the latter at Creston, la. 

'82, A. J. Craven practices law at Helena, M. T. ; George N. 
Seidlitz practices medicine at Keokuk, L)wa, and Fred. O. New- 
comb is one of the principal grocers at Shell Rock, Iowa. 

'83, Charles W. Haller is practicing law at Omaha, Neb., 
and S. B. Howard is in the same profession in Minneapolis, 
having abandoned journalism. W. H. Martin enters the field 
vacated by Brother Howard, and will work for the Iowa State 
Leader^ of Des Moines. 

'84, J. T. Chrischilles is in mercantile business at Algona, 
Iowa, but will enter the law soon. T. J. Hysham reads law at 
Fairfield, Iowa ; Chas. W. Russell is in business at Glenwood, 
Iowa, while Chas. Thayer is in Chicago pursuing his study of 


'85, Fred. E. Pomeroy reads law in Red Oak ; Carl H. Pom- 
eroy is Professor of History in Callanan College, Des Moines ; 
Chas. L. Powell is principal of schools at Menlo, Iowa ; Joel W. 
Witmer is Secretary of the Riverside Printing Co., Des Moines, 
in which he owns a large interest ; Grant Marquardt is one of 
the partners in the extensive wholesale jewelry establishment of 
G. W. Marquardt & Sons, Des Moines ; and John M. Read, 
formerly '86, but '85, law, is practicing his profession in the 
same city. 

Alpha — Allegheny. 

'82, C. M. Snyder is rapidly attaining journalistic prominence 
on the Pittsburgh (Pa.) Dispatch. His poetical effusions are 
copied by many of the prominent dailies 

'82, J. D. Watson is city editor of the Pittsburgh Dispatch. 

'82, M. J. Hovis is engaged in the oil-producing business, at 
Clintonville, Pa. 

'84, H. W. Plummer, having passed his examination before 
the Appellate Court, has been licensed by the Supreme Court of 
Illinois to practice in all the courts of that State. 

'85, W. E. Rice has been practicing law in Warren, Pa., 
since July, 1885. 

Xi — Simpson. 

'76, F. B. Taylor has disposed of his interest in the Indian- 
ola Advocate-Tribune^ and is the Democratic nominee for County 

'84, F. L. Davis is taking a post-graduate course at the 
Kansas State University. 

'79, C. W. Fisk is attending Rush Medical College, Chicago. 

'79, O. E. Smith is principal of the Monroe Schools. 

Of the class of '84 graduates, Ashby is principal of the 
Winterset Latin High School ; E. E. Kelly is studying medicine 
at Oakland, Cal. ; E. W. O'Neal has entered the Des Moines 
Conference, and is in charge of the Villisca Circuit for the pres- 
ent conference year ; C. W. Johnson is attending the Chicago 
Medical College. 

^t Belta ^au Belta 


NOVEMRER, 1886. 


Brown, Pettibone & Kelly, Printers. 




•^ i . ^ 

■ • 

r r 




Editor-in-Chief, H. W. PLUMMER, Alpha, '84. 

Assistant Editors. 

A. P. Trautwein, Rho, *76. J. W. McLean, Zeta, *83. 

O. M. Matson, Beta Beta, '85. C. D. Willard, Delta, *83- 

C. L. Edwards, U. of Tnd., *86. 


First Grand Division. 

^— (Grand Chapter) Allegheny College, W. B. Fulton, Meadville, Pa. 
P— Stevens Inst, of Technology, R. M. Anderson, 427 Garden St., Hoboken, N. J. 
2^— Rensselaer Polytechnic Inst., Victor T. Price, 3 VVaverly Place, Troy, N. Y. 
N — Lafayette College, J. H. Palmer, Easton, Pa. 

r — Washington and Jefferson College, H. E. Alexander, Washington, Pa. 
il^Lehigh University, Harry Toulmin, South Bethlehem, Pa. 
2 — Columbia College, J. A. Moorcroft, 46 West 27th St., New York City. 

Second Grand Division. • 

M— (Grand Chapter) Ohio Wesleyan Univ., F. M. Austin, Box 1253, Delaware, O. 

X — Kenyon College, W. W. Scranton, Gambier, O. 

W — Wooster University, V. L. Crabbe, Wooster, O. 

Z — Adelbert College, Sherman Arter, 760 Wilson Ave., Cleveland, O. 

B — Ohio University, E. D. Sayre, Athens, O. 

0— Bethanv College, H. S. Willett, Bethany, W. Va. 

if— Buchtel College, James Ford, Akron, O. 

B E — Emory Collejp[e, W. W. Carroll, Oxford, Ga. 

B A — University of Georgia, W. S. Upshaw, Athens, Ga. 

B S — University of the South, G. L. Crockett, Sewanee, Tenn. 

Third Grand Division. 

^^Grand Chapter) Univ. of Michigan, J. C. Shaw, Box 3171,'^Ann Arbor, Mich. 

# — Hanover College, D. E. Williamson, Hanover, Ind. 

E — Albion College, E. F. Abernethy, Albion, Mich. 

/ — Michigan State College, J. N. Estabrook, Lansing, Mich. 

iT— Hillsdale College, S. B. Harvey, Hillsdale, Mich. 

B B — DePauw University, I. B. Blackstock, Greencastle, Ind. 

B Z — Butler University, W. S. King, Irvington, Ind. 

Fourth Grand Division. 

0— (Grand Chapter) Iowa State Univ., E. R. Nichols, Box 1219, Iowa City, Iowa. 

i2— Iowa State College, Sherman Yates, Ames, Iowa. 

S — Simpson College, S. L. Vanscoy, Indianola, Iowa. 

B i/— University of Minnesota, F. N. Stacy, University, Minneapolis, Minn. 

B iiT— University of Colorado, Guy V. Thompson, Boulder, Colorado. 

Alumni Associations. 

New York Alumni Association — /V«., Rev. A. L. Crandall; Sec*y, A. P. Traut- 
Chicago Alumni Association — Pres.^ W. L. McClurg; Secy^ H. W. Plummer. 
Cleveland Alumni Association — Pres.^ W. M. Day ; Sec*y^ H. G. Sherman. 
Michigan Alumni Association — Pres.^ Rev. A. M. Gould ; Sfc^t J. B. Ware. 


VOL. IX. NOVEMBER, 1885. NO. 11. 


President WiUiam TT. Cook, J, 'SO. 

Brothers in Delta Tau Delta, — Ladies and Gentlemen : 

We assemble, to-night, from many parts ; from the East, 
the West, and the South. We come together to commemorate 
the existence of our fraternity, to exchange ideas, and to legis- 
late for those whom we represent. We have an organization 
which wields a potent influence in the colleges of the land. We 
believe that college fraternities are more and more, as the years 
go by, becoming a large factor in the education of young men. 
It is fitting, then, to stop and inquire what this influence is, how 
it operates, and wherein it is beneficial to those who come within 
its domain. 

The Delta Tau Delta Fraternity, created in 1860, has risen, 
flourished, and is a success. It numbers three thousand college 
men, and has chapters in twenty-nine educational institutions. 
It is growing with the years. Its alumni are rising in the world. 
Its chapters are high in their requisites and standards of mem- 
bership. It ranks among the best of its competitors. This fra- 
ternity speaks for itself : it needs no words of praise or defence ; 
but points with pride and confidence to its principles, its men, its 
work, and its prospects. 

But why do these college fraternities exist? What useful 
purposes do they serve ? Of what benefit are they ? They have 
had a remarkable growth and extension. The last twenty-five 
years have seen them firmly, ineradicably established in all the 
great educational centres of the country. Faculty persecution 


has not put them down, nor has student opposition hindered their 
growth. They live, and refuse to die. Their vitality is phenom- 
enal and proverbial. They enter into and form part of the daily 
routine of a student's life. They are a living, vital power, for 
weal or for woe, in the education of the young men of to-day. 
And with reason. The college fraternity man associates con- 
stantly with his fellow-members. He dines, walks, talks, studies, 
lives with them. lie imbibes their tastes, absorbs their ideas, 
and is influenced by their ambitions, habits, pleasures, hopes, 
plans and ideas of why we live, what we live for, and what course 
of conduct we should pursue. Such is the ceaseless and contin- 
uous influence of a college fraternity. 

It is well, then, to ask whether this is a power for good or for 
evil. In my opinion, it decidedly is for good. I believe that 
the remarkable growth of college fraternities, in the last two 
decades, is due to their intrinsic worth ; to a need for them ; to 
the benefits which they render students ; and to the workings of 
that mystic law of nature which prescribes that nothing shall per- 
manently survive except it be for good. 

And first, a college fraternity, worthy of being called such, 
largely educates the student of to-day. It takes the verdant 
freshman and shapes his manners, his methods, his speech and 
bearing. It teaches him many things which the class room can 
not and does not try to teach. It tells him that there is some- 
thing besides scholarship needed to make a whole-souled, large- 
minded, true-hearted man. 

Yes, the college fraternity does more than this. It follows 
the student into the class room. It watches ov^er him in every 
act and thought. It reproaches him for delinquency in scholar- 
ship. It commends him for high standing. It inspires and sus- 
tains him with the idea that the reputation of his fraternity and 
his fraternity brothers is aff'ected by his position in the college 
world. It brightens the rugged paths of college work, and turns 
into a pleasant duty that which otherwise would be but an irk- 
some task. 

Yea, more, it enters into and moulds the moral character 
of its initiate. It throws around him the moral influence of 


friends who are interested in him as a brother. It warns and 
turns him from the paths of dissipation, of vice, of immorality, 
of ruin. It incites him to a life of honor and usefulness. It 
represses the dangerous tendencies of youth, and arouses the 
dormant ambitions and capabilities of the heart and mind and 
soul. It gives him the idea that to be a man of honor, of integ- 
rity, of high principle, of manly bearing, of courtesy, of true 
nobility — a gentleman in the fiill and complete sense of the word 
— ^is a result not to be ground out of mathematics, or Greek, or 
Latin, but to be slowly evolved by a many-sided culture. It 
inspires him with the thought that an honest, generous, cultured 
man of heart and miud is the masterpiece of life, the finished 
product of our civilization, equaled only by the divine nature of 
a pure and splendid and noble woman. These are the high 
ideals, which, once formed, never disappear, but follow the 
student into the busy world, and mould for him his thoughts, his 
hopes, his career and his end. Such are the influences and such 
is the work of a college fraternity. 

I speak not now of a few college fraternities — fortunately few 
— which neither recognize nor perform their mission. Little can 
be said in their favor. They have false requisites ; false ideas of 
fraternity work ; and false notions of what the outside world 
expect and require of college graduates. To be one of their num- 
ber, you must be a man of wealth, or of high social position — 
things that pertain not to yourself, but to your parentage. The 
sterling qualities of the mind and heart are of little consequence 
within their ranks, and are not congenial company, unless it be 
by the doctrine of opposites. Strange ideas prevail within their 
halls as to the purposes of their organization. To be a hard-work- 
ing, conscientious student is a disgrace. But to be absent from 
the class-room ; to finish the course with the smallest possible 
amount of labor ; to use keys and translations ; to resort to 
trickery and deceit ; to have five hours of leisure for one hour of 
work, — this, with them, is brilliant and commendable. The ideal 
member is he who can practice these arts with the greatest per- 
fection and success. College life is looked upon as a pastime 
and play day. Self enjoyment, indolence and ease is the begin- 


has not put them down, nor has student opposition hindered their 
growth. Thej live, and refuse to die. Their vitality is phenom- 
enal and proverbial. They enter into and form part of the daily 
routine of a student's life. They ai*e a living, vital power, for 
weal or for woe, in the education of the young men of to-day. 
And with reason. The college fraternity man associates con- 
stantly with his fellow-members. lie dines, walks, talks, studies, 
lives with them. lie imbibes their tastes, absorbs their ideas, 
and is influenced by their ambitions, habits, pleasures, hopes, 
plans and ideas of why we live, what we live for, and what course 
of conduct we should pursue. Such is the ceaseless and contin- 
uous influence of a college fraternity. 

It is well, then, to ask whether this is a power for good or for 
evil. In my opinion, it decidedly is for good. I believe that 
the remarkable growth of college fraternities, in the last two 
decades, is due to their intrinsic worth ; to a need for them ; to 
the benefits which they render students ; and to the workings of 
that mystic law of nature which prescribes that nothing shall per- 
manently survive except it be for good. 

And first, a college fraternity, worthy of being called such, 
largely educates the student of to-day. It takes the verdant 
freshman and shapes his manners, his methods, his speech and 
bearing. It teaches him many things which the class room can 
not and does not try to teach. It tells him that there is some- 
thing besides scholarship needed to make a whole-souled, large- 
minded, true-hearted man. 

Yes, the college fraternity does more than this. It follows 
the student into the class room. It watches over him in every 
act and thought. It reproaches him for delinquency in scholar- 
ship. It commends him for high standing. It inspires and sus- 
tains him with the idea that the reputation of his fraternity and 
his fraternity brothers is affected by his position in the college 
world. It brightens the rugged paths of college work, and turns 
into a pleasant duty that which otheinivise would be but an irk- 
some task. 

Yea, more, it enters into and moulds the moral character 
of its initiate. It throws around him the moral influence of 


friends who are interested in him as a brother. It warns and 
turns him from the paths of dissipation, of vice, of immorality, 
of ruin. It incites him to a life of honor and usefulness. It 
represses the dangerous tendencies of youth, and arouses the 
dormant ambitions and capabilities of the heart and mind and 
soul. It gives him the idea that to be a man of honor, of integ- 
rity, of high principle, of manly bearing, of courtesy, of true 
nobility — a gentleman in the full and complete sense of the word 
— is a result not to be ground out of mathematics, or Greek, or 
Latin, but to be slowly evolved by a many-sided culture. It 
inspires him with the thought that an honest, generous, cultured 
man of heart and mind is the masterpiece of life, the finished 
product of our civilization, equaled only by the divine nature of 
a pure and splendid and noble woman. These are the high 
ideals, which, once formed, never disappear, but follow the 
student into the busy world, and mould for him his thoughts, his 
hopes, his career and his end. Such are the influences and such 
is the work of a college fraternity. 

I speak not now of a few college fraternities — fortunately few 
— which neither recognize nor perform their mission. Little cau 
be said in their favor. They have false requisites ; false ideas of 
fraternity work ; and false notions of what the outside world 
expect and require of college graduates. To be one of their num- 
ber, you must be a man of wealth, or of high social position — 
things that pertain not to yourself, but to your parentage. The 
sterling qualities of the mind and heart are of little consequence 
within their ranks, and are not congenial company, unless it be 
by the doctrine of opposites. Strange ideas prevail within tlieir 
halls as to the purposes of their organization. To be a hard-work- 
ing, conscientious student is a disgrace. But to be absent from 
the class-room ; to linisli the course with the smallest possible 
amount of labor ; to use keys and translations ; to resort to 
trickery and deceit ; to have five hours of leisure for one hour of 
work, — this, with them, is brilliant and commendable. The ideal 
member is he who can practice these arts with the greatest per- 
fection and success. College life is looked upon as a pastime 
and play day. Self enjoyment, indolence and ease is the begin- 


ning. Dissipation, vice and ruin is the end. Between these 
two lies a whole cohort of evils, selfishness, meanness, arrogance 
and sacrifice of all that is great and good and noble and pure, for 
that which blooms to-day and withers to-morrow. All along the 
shores of the stream of their latter-day existence are found young 
lives blighted ; fair hopes withered ; ambitions deadened, and 
talent undirected. Such fraternities arouse, deserve and receive 
only contempt and indignation. Their graduate is looked upon 
as a college snob. He is a strange compound of conceit, super- 
ciliousness, ignorance and pretension. Ten years convince him 
that the times are out of joint, and that the world is awry. His 
misspent college days have been to him a curse. Generally he 
sinks into mediocrity, never to emerge. Sometimes a sadder 
scene is enacted, and dissipated habits drag their victim down to 
ruin and an untimely end. 

But these are the dark spots of college fraternities, and, like 
disease and death, merely show, by contrast, tlie strength and 
beauty and value of healthful life. Their beneficent influence is 
not confined to undergraduates. It reaches farther, and follows 
us into the busy world after our college days are ended. It dis- 
ciplines us to an appreciation of a disinterested, loyal, yes, an 
ideal standard of friendship, and it gives to us a high type of 
friends. And there is need of such discipline in these days of 
cynicism and suspicion and mercenary motives. The friendships 
of to-day are for the most part matters of mutual advantage — 
treaties of reciprocity — covenants to suspend hostilities. But 
that higher and nobler relation — association, because of a sympa- 
thy of ideas, or feelings or aspirations — interest in a friend's wel- 
fare for his sake alone — the real friendship which elevates the 
thoughts, ennobles the nature, and turns man from worldly things 
to a higher plane of life and being — this, I say, is the mission of 
all secret societies, and especially is it the idea of college frater- 
nities. A nobler work no organization ever had. 

Nor does the influence of secret societies end here. Tlie 
mystic bond of Delta Tau Delta creates in each of us a feeling of 
interest, of kinship, of responsibility for our brother members. 
It is a spirit that is far reaching and lasting. Its influence is 


like that of the family and home. It keeps men in tlie paths of 
rectitude, urges them to the performance of their duty, and 
inspires them to lead better and greater lives. The welfare of 
one is the welfare of all. In times of doubt or difficulty or dis- 
aster, a secret society man never turns to his fellow-members in 
vain. The influence is one for good, and the modem secret 
society seeks by the lives of its members to teach all men that 
he who lives honestly, industriously, charitably and progressively, 
is a benefactor of the human race, and that the world is better 
for his having lived in it. 

Such are some of the reasons why the Delta Tau Delta Fra- 
ternity exists, and it has held fast and firm to the first principles 
of its existence. It has remained true to the high ideal of a 
typical college fraternity. It has nobly done its work. It has 
had an influence on the characters of its alumni and undergradu- 
ates which has affected their lives and thoughts and vocations. 
The fraternity itself will live and will grow. Time will but add 
to its strength and its usefulness. So long as its principles 
remain unchanged, it will be a benefit and a credit to its mem- 
bers, and the Delta of the future will say to the Delta of yester- 
day and to-day, — ''You found in our colleges a need for new 
fraternities that would remain true to the high principles of the 
ideal secret society. You organized on those principles. By 
adherence thereto we have grown and flourished. Men and 
chapters may fall away from us, by reason of such adherence, 
but our safety and usefulness lie in those principles and in those 
alone. We have remained true to the ideas and record of the 
fraternity, and when we depart therefrom, may we, too, go the 
way of the older fraternities, and give place to new organiza- 
tions which will rise on the principles which we shall have aban- 



The most pronounced evil in American politics to-day is the 
*' spoils system." Votes, offices and men are bought and sold 
at every election. The ward ''boss" leads his more ignorant 
fellow men, like so much cattle, to the ballot-box, and they go 
willingly, for they are sure of a good share of the oats at their 
journey's end ; or where the animals are not so hungry, it needs 
but a gentle application of the party lash to quicken their halting 
footsteps. From the powerful leader of the political machinery 
of a national party to the caucus-stuffer of the city ward, the 
motto, "To the victors belong the spoils!" is the impelling 
motive to an amount of meanness and fraud which makes an 
honest citizen blush for his country's shame. 

The " spoils system " of college politics is the system of fra- 
ternity combinations. The " spoils" are the so-called honors of 
college life, and their distribution by the combination system is 
manifestly unfair. The number of men who vote, and not merit 
in the candidates voted for, is that which decides to whom shall 
be given the honors in question. The leaders of the three or 
four stronger chapters (and in this connection I do not make an 
exception of the non-fraternity or "barb." element, which is 
usually as strongly organized for political work as any fraternity 
diapter), instinctively come together, and after a thorough can- 
vass of the legal voters, taking to themselves another chapter or 
two, if they have not a clear majority otherwise, form a faction. 
Tlien the election comes, or more properly, the distribution of 
the spoils, for there certainly is no election where every honor 
has been predetermined. The "slate" is read, and the form of 
an election in which every nominee is sure to be unanimmialy 
chosen, is with much gravity carried through. The bull has 
been read, and the poor minority is left out in the bitter cold for 
at least one long year. 

That fraternities in college life are of great and lasting good 
is only disputed by those uninformed persons who, never having 


entered the mystic circle, take every occasion to abuse in round 
terms that of which they know nothing. A group of men of 
sympathetic disposition, unite to establish a chapter of some fra- 
ternity, in which they come together for their mutual, social, 
moral and intellectual improvement. They thus form in college 
life that which otherwise is distinctly absent, — a college home, — 
and when in after years the " college boy," now grown gray in 
life's struggle, looks back to the golden days of youth, when 
thought and sentiment were awakening his soul to highest endea- 
vor, the scenes and memories which he loves best to recall are 
those linked to the dear old chapter hall. But not as training 
schools for political methods, and those methods the offspring 
of the spoils system, do I consider the end and use of the frater- 
nity. Let this combination system be rooted out of college life, 
and there will be lifted from the shoulders of the fraternities a 
disgrace which too often they now have to bear. 

But those favoring this system as an expedient, who think it 
intrinsically wrong, would ask us, "What will you put in its 
place ?" Nothing, let us hope, in its place ; for the simple fact is, 
that there is no necessity of combinations to distribute honors. 
If they are in truth real honors, then they should be given either 
by competition of candidates or by open election. Don't favor 
the fond delusion that this state of affairs would demand an 
Utopia where we now have only human nature with its ambitions 
and its friendships as ruling motives. 1 have more faith in the 
manhood of college men than that. The work in college, in 
class-room, in literary halls and in personal intercourse, soon 
shows the strength and worth of a man. The majority of college 
men are generous and high-minded enough to appreciate this 
truth, and when not bound by the written compact of a faction, 
in an open election they will bestow the honor upon one of the 
few who without any doubt most deserve it. In all cases possi- 
blet here should be free competition, and when that holds in 
oratorical and society contests, the honors will be given, not to 
the one who can boast of belonging to the largest faction, but to 
the one who gives the best essay, oration or debate, as the case 
may be. 


As is well known, among the Western college men, the prin- 
cipal inter-collegiate events are the meeting of the State and 
Inter-State Oratorical Associations and the contests connected 
therewith. The latter cannot be controlled, at least directly by 
any combination system, but the former may be. In the State 
of Indiana it has been very evident for some time that such is 
the case. In all the leading colleges of this State, honors are 
distributed by the combination system, and as the combination 
for the State happens to be formed, so it is with each college. 
At the State University, which moulds the politics of the State, 
there are between thirty and forty honors which are annually dis- 
tributed by the ruling faction, whatever that may happen to be. 
Of course there may be good men — perhaps the best men — in the 
combination, and these may be nominated for the various 
honors ; but if they are the best, free competition and open elec- 
tion will most plainly show the fact, and if they are not, then 
there is a gross injustice to the superior men who happen to be 
left out of the combination. 

There is a strange inconsistency for men to go into society 
exhibitions and deliver eloquent orations upon such topics as 
*' Civil Service Reform," "The Statesman," and ''Democratic 
Government," when they hold those honorable positions in such 
exhibitions simply from being the leader in the college " spoils 
system." But what can be done to remedy the evil? Probably 
nothing by a single stroke, for the majority which happens to be 
in thinks that a combination is all right, so long as it means that 
they shall possess the honors, and when any fraternity happens 
to be out, then there is some other majority in, and a change of 
heart has no weight. We can only trust that, in the course of 
political evolution, the colleges as well as the nation shall rid 
themselves of every form of the *' spoils system," and then the 
single test required of the candidate for honor shall be his fitness 
for that honor. C. L. Edwards. 



[Subscribers will please notice that^ for good and substantial reasons^ the 
Subscription Price of The Crescent has been raised from One Dollar to One 
Dollar and a Half per volume of nine numbers. Send remittances to the Editor- 
in- Ode f by Postal Note or Money Order.] 

The Editors desire to express their appreciation of the cordial and 
generous reception accorded the initial number of The Crescent by 
the active chapters and the alumni. It was feared that the increased 
subscription price might cause dissatisfaction and consequent injury 
and harm to the interests of the journal, but in no single instance 
have the chapters reduced their lists, while many report most gratify- 
ing additions. The alumni bid fair to manifest their approval and 
encouragement in largely increased contributions to the treasury. 
From the present standpoint, the financial outlook seems brighter and 
more inspiring than for several years past. Faithful and spirited mis- 
sionary work by the chapter secretaries among their respective alumni 
will ensure a most successAil and prosperous year. 

Notwithstanding the most energetic efforts of the Catalogue 
Committee, the lists of several chapters are incomplete, and imperfect 
in one important feature— the AiU name of the initiate. In no case is 
the first name wanting, but the unknown middle names number several 
scores. We urgently request the officers of such chapters to ascertain 
these names without further delay, and forward them to the Catalogue 
agent. Brother Trautwein, for preservation. We cheerfully endorse the 
suggestion that the agent be informed from time to time of all correc- 
tions, alterations or additions to the records published in the Cata- 
logue. While the Fifth General Catalogue is a marvel of convenience, 
simplicity and completeness, the Sixth can, with the united aid and 
interest of our membership, be made ideally perfect. 

Several of our younger chapters have attained a degree of strength 
and good fortune that seems to justify them in establishing permanent 
chapter homes. We kindly and earnestly counsel these fortunate and 
ambitious chapters — to first get your money, then go ahead. Before 
yon hang your curtains or lay your carpet, be sure you have the money 
to pay for them. Don't put an article of furniture in your hall unless 


you hold for it a receipted bill. Beware of extravagance and prodi- 
gality. Don't mortg£^e your future for present enjoyment A plain, 
comfortable, unpretentious hall, paid for, is far better than an elegant, 
luxuriously furnished apartment with a dark cloud of debt brooding 
over its beauty. Pleasant it is to meet in halls, ornate with chaste 
appointments, adorned and decorated in refined and cultured taste, but 
be watchful lest you cherish the bitter germs of repudiation and dis- 
honor. Don't be misled by a sophistry which teaches that debt will 
harmonize differences and unite the chapter in a firmer bond of frater. 
nal love and sympathy. Almost invariably a heavy debt brings only 
a sense of discouragement, insecurity and peril, and too frequently the 
insidious temptation to initiate unworthy men. Rely not too strongly 
upon your past triumphs; nor upon your present puissance and vigor. 
They are not eternal. Experience teaches that past success does not 
assure future prosperity. The ebb follows the flood tide. The day of 
conscious strength may usher in the night of weakness and prostra- 
tion. The strong chapter of to-day may be the weak chapter of to- 
morrow. A chapter may part with twelve men in June to meet with 
three in September. A burden, light to the twelve, may annihilate 
the three. Of all things, avoid too implicit confidence in the aid of 
your alumni. Too frequently their promises prove to be the stuff 
dreams are made of At chapter banquets and on other festal occa- 
sions, in moments of enthusiasm and exaltation, the most honorable 
men are sometimes led to covenant that which after events make most 
diflScult of fulfillment. Again, the great majority of our chapters have 
been founded within the last decade, and th^ir alumni are men just 
crossing the threshold of business and professional life. To contribute 
to a chapter fund demands of them the sternest self-sacrifice. Upon 
them, therefore, build your expectations not too lofty. In spite of all 
this, if you see your way clear and are building on firm, inunovable 
rock, we urge you to go ahead. Lease the most convenient suite of 
rooms you can find, decorate them elaborately, furnish them in luxury 
and beauty, but — avoid debt as you would a scorching pestilence. 

Fraternity combinations have been so thoroughly and so fre- 
quently discussed and ventilated in the journals, that the subject is 
rapidly approaching the realm of ancient history. Anathematized, 
censured and satirized by a singularly unanimous press, the evil has 
almost ceased to be a living issue ; its most vicious, demoralizing and 


odious features linger only in a few sporadic eases in regions where a 
poison-tainted atmosphere generates and nourishes such malignant, 
cancerous growths. In many colleges, fraternity combinations have 
been a fruitful source of misunderstanding, prejudice and oppression ; 
there they have vitiated and corrupted the aims, methods and policy 
of the fraternity system, defiled its character, destroyed its influence, 
subjected its nobility, purity and virtue to that which is dishonest, 
vile and shameful in man ; they have prostituted the power, the fame 
and the authority of the Greek societies to further the base ambitions 
of unworthy and unscrupulous men, and have made the very name 
" fraternity " a reproach, a scandal, a symbol of all that is infamous, 
depraved and iniquitous. Let us remember, however, that the evil 
was not general but local. The most venomous cases seldom occurred, 
and were vigorously denounced by intelligent fraternity men. The 
disease arose, flourished and waxed strong in the days when, in many 
colleges, the chapters of rival fraternities were bitterly hostile colonies, 
with nothing in common except the Greek alphabet and a mutual 
bigotry and hatred. The advent of Greek journalism heralded the 
dawn of a better and brighter day. The Greek press has demonstrated 
that the fraternities are essentially one in origin, development, aspira- 
tion and destiny. With the realization of that fact has come the epoch 
of generosity, reconciliation and hannony. The growth of a broad, liberal 
and intelligent press has eradicated man\' of the e^dls of the fraternity 
system, and with them the pernicious features of political combina- 
tions have passed away with the night that gave them birth. 


We shall publish in the December number an article reviewing the 
recent contributions of Brothers Carleton, Kent, Stahl, Study and 
Haigh to current American literature. We shall be pleased to receive 
reviews of the works of any other Deltas, and will gladly include them 
in the article, which we desire to make as complete as possible. 

We have in our possession several complete flies of Vol. I., which 
will be sold for $1.50 per volume. The initial volume is becoming 
very rare, and this will probably be the last chance offered to chapters 
and brothers to complete their files. We desire to obtain copies of 
Vol. VIL, No. 9 (with index) ; Vol. VIIL, Nos. 1, 2, 3 and 4; Vol. II., 
No. 1 ; Vol. III., No. 5 ; Vol. IV., Nos. 1, 2, 6 and 9 ; Vol. V., Nos. 6 
and 8. 


The Report of the Convention Committee on Necrology is in very 
incomplete shape. Each chapter is requested to prepare a list of its 
members who have died between the Watkins Glen and Detroit Con- 
ventions, and forward same to H. W. Plummer, the committee on pub- 
lication of Convention minutes. The record should include full name, 
chapter, college, place of residence, date, place and cause of death, and 
if possible place of burial. 

The December number will contain the list of men initiated during 
the months of the present year. Every chapter is urgently requested to 
send the Secretary of the Council the constitutional enrollment form, 
properly and carefully filled, for each man initiated, By attention to 
this duty the list can be published full, complete and up to date. 

We desire the chapter secretaries to prepare lists of their alumni 
(with latest addresses), who can be induced to subscribe for the jour- 
nal. We particularly want the names of those who have attended col- 
lege within five years. A large edition of the October number was 
published for the purpose of general distribution, and the work can be 
materially forwarded by the assistance of the secretaries. 

Brothers who failed to receive the first number will confer a favor 
by promptly reporting the fact to the editor-in-chief, who will be 
pleased to supply the deficiency. 

Z\)C (5rccft Morib* 

^ A @ glories in the possession of the only lady who was 
ever initiated into a male Greek Letter 1 ratemity. The lady in 
question is Miss Kate Carothers, A.B., who graduated in 1874, 
at the Mary Sharpe College, Winchester, Tenn., and also from 
the New England Conservatory of Music. Miss Carothers was 
elected in recognition of valuable services rendered in re-estab- 
lishing the Mississippi Alpha oi ^ A ©, at the University of 
Mississippi, in 1881. 

The fraternities now represented at the University of Ala- 
bama, ^ A ©, K A and 2 N, have obtained the repeal of the 
obnoxious anti-frat. laws, by sending representatives to argue 


the question before a committee of the Trustees of the institution. 
In return for the repeal, the fraternities will have to forego the 
privilege of voting in the literary societies. The honors that 
have heretofore been elective will now be assigned by the faculty. 
The University, of Alabama was founded in 1820, at Tusca- 
loosa, and has had chapters of ^ B K, J K E,A ^ ^,^r/J, and 
2 A E. The Ddta, of 2 N says that ^ KE failed in recent 
effort to re-establish her chapter. 

Wesley AN (Jniversfty, Middletown, Conn., supports W T, 
A A ^j A KEjX W and the Eclectic (local), all owning chapter 
houses. We clip the following paragraph from an interesting 
letter recently published in the ^ K W Shield : 

I believe the greatest element of strength in the fraternities at 
Wesleyan is the strong bond of brotherhood existing between the 
brothers who are students and the brothers who are professors. 
Every man in the faculty attends the receptions and banquets of 
his society, and while having thought for all the students, takes a 
peculiar interest in assisting his own brethren, in sickness and trouble, 
thus binding them to him not only by a high respect for him as their 
instructor, but by a fraternal love for him as their brother. On the 
other hand, I believe the greatest source of weakness in the socie- 
ties is the large membership of men in college. The five soci- 
eties average thirty-two active members. Necessarily, the highest 
type of fraternal union is lost A few days ago I asked a friend, 
in regard to an incoming Freshman, "Does your society intend to 

take in ?" He replied, " Most of our men object t(» him, 

but some of us who want him are at work forming a combination^ 
and if we succeed we shall be able to elect him." Where such a 
"combination" is necessary, or even possible, the fraternal spirit 
must be burning low. 

In speaking of the Central University, Kentucky, where 
A KE recently founded a chapter, the Quarterly^ of that frater- 
nity says, editorially : " On account of its youth and late rapid 
growth, it has doubtless surprised the chapters, as a couple of 
years since it surprised the council, to find that the one institu- 
tion which on the one hand has adopted to the fullest extent the 
most advanced features of the University plan, and on the other 


is enjoying to the utmost the wonderful prosperity which its enter- 
prise has earned, is in Central Kentucky." Such sentiments are 
likely to produce great irritation and dejection in the energetic 
and vigorous councils ot B G U and 2 X, who in the fullness 
of their wisdom rejected the "future great" university of the 
South, and discarded the pearl of great price which the venerable 
and eminently conservative, but shrewd and crafty A K E has 
exultantly placed in the starry diadem that bedecks her regal 
head. We doubt not that the aforesaid councils ot B 11 and 
2 X will await in breathless suspense the announcement of other 
A K E surprises and the discovery of universities revelling in 
wonderful prosperity amid the alluvial swamps of classic Arkan- 
saw, or on the broad and fertile plains of verdant Oklahoma. 

Manton Marble, whom President Cleveland sent to Europe 
to ascertain the position of the several nations upon the coinage 
of gold and silver, is an ^ J ^ ; John Clark Ridpath, the histo- 
rian, is a ^ r A \ Adlai E. Stevenson, First Assistant Postmas- 
ter General, is a ^ J ; Gen. Matthew S. Quay, Treasurer- 
elect of Pennsylvania, is a, B O U ; Alfred P. Burbank, the 
elocutionist, is a A K E \ George F. Seward, ex-Minister to 
China, is a J ^ ; Speaker John G. Carlisle is an honorary mem- 
ber of 2 A E ; Edward L. Youmans, Editor of the Popular 
Science Moiitkhj^ is a J T; Chauncey M. Depew, the author of 
the Grant-Johnson letter, is a ¥^ T; Stewart L. Woodford, ex- 
Lieutenant Governor of New York, is a. A K E and a, A W^ ; 
Judge William A. Vincent, whom President Cleveland appointed 
Chief Justice of New Mexico, and afterward suspended, is a 
X ^ ; John Hay, the poet, diplomatist, and Private Secretary to 
President Lincoln is a J X ; John L. McMaster, Mayor of 
Indianapolis, is a, A T J, and Caleb S. Denny, the Mayor-elect, 
is a 2 X ] John M. Martin, Congressman-elect from Alabama, 
is a r A. 

The Thirty-ninth Annual Convention of A K E was held 
with the Gamma Phi of Wesleyan, at Middletown, Conn., 
Wednesday and Thursday, October 21 and 22, 1885. Wednes- 
day evening a concert was given in the Opera house at Meriden, 


by the Listermann Concert Company of Boston, and the Yale and 
Wesleyan Glee Clubs. The literary exercises were held Thurs- 
day evening in the North Congregational Church at ABddletown, 
ex-Govemor John 1). Long, of Massachusetts, being the presi- 
dent. Senator Matthew C. Butler, of South Carolina, the orator, 
and Julian Hawthorne, the poet. The next convention will be 
held in New York City, in October, 1886. 

All indications point to a great revival in the publication of 
Catalogue literature. A K E will soon issue a catalogue which 
she expects will surpass all previous efforts in this direction ; 
^ X is busily preparing a book which, judging from the energy 
and ability of her Council, will be equal to any that recent 
years have produced ; ¥^ r is said to have abandoned the plan 
of issuing a supplement to her superb catalogue of 1879, and has 
ordered the preparation of a new and elaborate edition ; and 
even ^ KW has awakened from her lethargy, and commenced 
the compilation of a biographical catalogue with all the modern 

A KE recently established a club in New York which is 
modeled to some extent after the great clubs of that city. An 
entire dwelling has been leased, which meets the present wants 
of the club. Farlors, cafe and restaurant, billiard, library, chap- 
ter, council and meeting rooms have been furnished, and cham- 
bers provided for guests and belated members. The club is a 
new departure in the treatment of the great fraternity alumni 
question, and the progress of the experiment will be watched 
with much interest by all Greek societies. 

The Fifty-first Annual Convention of A T was held with the 
Rochester Chapter, at Rochester, N. Y., October 22 and 23, 
1885. Ex-Governor Marcellus L. Steams, of Florida, president ; 
the Kev. Dr. Orrin P. Gifford, orator ; Professor W. P. Dudley, 
poet. The next convention will be held with the Madison Chap- 
ter, at Hamilton, N. Y., in October, 1886. 

The Convention of 2 A E was held with the Nu of Vander- 
bilt, at Nashville, Tenn., October 20, 21, 22 and 23, 1885. The 
executive power was taken from the Grand Chapter and given to 


a Council of five alumni. An oratorical contest was held for a 
gold medal. Favored Northern extension. Banquet at Mooney's, 
at which Gen. E. Kirby Smith and Gen. W. H. Washington 
responded to toasts. The next Convention will meet at Atlanta, 
Ga., August 19, 1886. 

Among the other chapters here [at Wooster] Phi Delta Tlieta 
is our strongest rival as well as our best friend ; Beta Theta Pi 
suffered by graduation and is only fairly prosperous ; Phi Kappa 
Psi, which became nearly extinct here, is making a good effort 
to recover lost ground ; Delta Tau Delta is good, and as quiet as 
usual, nothing occurring to disturb the even tenor of her way ; 
Phi Gamma Delta has several members. — The Sigma Chi. 

On account of the disgraceful conduct of some of the frater- 
nities at the Virginia Military institute. The Sigma Chi says that 
" the authorities of the institution have taken steps whereby each 
new cadet is required to swear that he will not connect himselt 
with any secret organization during his stay." The death of fra- 
ternities at this place is therefore only a matter of time. A T £1^ 
K A, 2 N, 2X and 0^0 are represented. 

The prolific soil of De Pauw has given birth to another 
ladies' fraternity, by name the A X £1. The fraternity will be 
confined to musical conservatories. The Alpha Chi Omega, 
according to The De Pauw Monthly^ begins its career on a new 
and complete system, and launches out with brilliant prospects. 
The colors are scarlet and bronze. 

South Cakolina Untverspty was founded in 1801, at Colum- 
bia. Previous to the war, the University supported chapters of 
/i^,J KE, ^KW,XW,B.uAB@ 77. Since 1881, KA, 2 A E, 
A TD, and ^ A Q have entered the University, and several of 
the Northern fraternities are taking steps leading to a revival of 
their deceased chapters. 

2 A E has entered Cumberland University, Tenn. The K W 
Chapter oi A KE existed for a number of years in this institu- 
tion, but the charter was withdrawn in 1873. HAKE exe- 
cutes a Tennessee manoeuvre similar to its Kentucky flank move- 
ment, Vanderbilt will be the home of the "revived K Wy 


The Twenty-first Convention oi ^ F ^ was held with the 
Sigma Deuteron of Lafayette, at Easton, Pa., October 26, 27 
and 28, 1885. The Phi Gamma Delta was changed to a quar- 
terly, and will be published by the Grand Chapter in New York 
City. The next convention will be held in Springfield, Ohio, in 
October, 1886. 

The Faculty of Purdue University has voted to allow Juniors 
and Seniors to become fraternity men. 2 X, the only fraternity 
there, has a chapter of three Juniors and three Seniors. ATA 
recently received a petition from some of the best men in the 
University, but refused it because of the low standing of the 

Bepobts are abroad that a new ladies^ fraternity has been 
founded at Meadville, Pa., to be known as Phi Alpha Psi ; while 
in the South several strange orders have arisen of late months, 
to prove that the student world has not yet fully realized that it 
has had too much of a good thing! — Tke Sigmxi Chi. 

The University of North Carolina was founded in 1789, at 
Chapel Hill, and has had chapters oi A K E, ^ T A, B B n, 
2 A E, A % A 0, X^, 0X2, 9 A X, X 0, Z W, and K 2. • 
9 A @,A TD,, and K A are now represented by active chapters, 
and Z Wis said to have lately revived her chapter. 

The college department of a Cincinnati daily originated a 
report that ATA had withdrawn the charter of her Kenyon 
chapter. The item has been published in several fraternity jour- 
nals, to whom we wish to say that ATA has not taken any such 
action nor has she any intention of so doing. 

X W has chapters in the South at Furman University, South 
Carolina College, Woffbrd College, and the University of Missis- 
sippi. The first three are in South Carolina. This fraternity has 
defunct chapters at the University of North Carolina and the 
University of Virginia. 

In spite of the glorious climate, the Chapter of ^ F A eii the 
University of California is now numbered among the things that 
were but are not. B @ 11, A K E, X ^ ejid Z W still live. 


The University of Indiana opened with flattering prospects, 
with new and complete buildings, and with the largest Freshman 
and Sophomore classes in the history of the college. Of the fra- 
ternities :SX has 17 men, K WU, J & U, r /i 12y 
and jB © IT 10. 

Within the last two years, the State Universities of Missouri, 
North Carolina and Alabama, Vanderbilt University, Davidson 
College (N. C), and Erskine College (S.C.), have repealed their 
laws against secret societies. 

2 N entered Emory in the spring of '85 with four charter 
members. The Faculty and Trustees granted permission to 
X !P" to establish a chapter, but it is said the fraternity refused 
a charter to the petitioners. 

J has issued lithograph reproductions of the photo- 
graphs and autographs of her six founders, each on separate 
sheets, 11X14 inches, which are to be sold to the members at 
sixty cents per set. 

r J, K W and A T £1 are suffering the agonies 
involved in the compilation of a Song Book. To our afflicted 
• brethren, ATA wishes to convey her profoundest sympathy 
and commiseration. 

NoRTHEBN K A had a chapter at the University of Virginia 
from 1857 to 1861. The chapter had forty-seven members, and 
is the only chapter the fraternity has ever had in the South. 

Phi Kappa Sigma, Alpha Tau Omega, Kappa Alpha, Phi 
Delta Theta, Sigma Alpha Epsilon and Zeta Psi have chapters at 
the University of North Carolina. — Kappa Alpha Journal, 

NoRTHWESTKBN had in all departments, during the year 
'84-'85, a total attendance of 837. The fraternities represented 
2^yq:SX, AT, 0K2, B@ 77, and ^ K W, 

The University of Tennessee was founded at Knoxville, in 
1807. K 2 and K. A. are the only fraternities represented. 
n K A, A T £1, and 2 A E chapters are dead. 

The membership of the fraternities in the University of the 
South is ^ T ni2, 2 AE 19, K 2 11,0 A S, A T A 11,KA1, 


W T 18 reported to have passed resolutions ordering the 
establishment of a chapter at the (Jniversitj of Minnesota at the 
earliest practicable date. 

K 2 will commence the publication of a paper in October, 
at Wytheville, Va. It will be known as the Kappa Sigma 

<^ A & entered the University of Alabama with forty-three 
men, '2 N with thirty-two, and K A with fourteen. 

A T £1, 2Lt Stevens, is on the verge of dissolution, with but 
one man in the chapter, and he a senior. 

A T has new chapters at Columbia, Lafayette, and the Uni- 
versity of Wisconsin. 

UNivBBsrrY OF Wisconsin supports chapters oi B Q II^X W^ 
2X, ^KW,0A&,mdA T. 

A X has entered Amherst, and A has revived at 

A K E has established an alumni chapter at Louisville, Ky. 

A Q has entered the Central University of Kentucky. 

Cbaptcr letters* 

Epsilon — Albion. 

Epsilon is in excellent condition for work, and everything is 
hopeful. Our membership has been increased by the entrance in 
college of Bros. Healy and Scranton, and an initiate, whom I 
gladly introduce, John W. Amey, '89. We have a lecture billed 
for November, by Rev. Washington Gardner (Mu), of Jackson, 
and also an orchestral concert, from which we expect to be bene- 
fited financially. 

Albion College has never been so great in number of students, 
presenting an increase of twenty-five per cent. Prof. Lutz, re- 
cently a professor in Harvard College, has been elected to the 
chaii* of Modern Language. 

The endowment fund was increased last year by $150,000. 


Beta Zeta— Butler. 

No chapter at this institution }ias ever experienced so great a 
change as ours has, within the past month. We liave for a num- 
ber of years been ''down at the heel "in point of numbers. 
Last year we numbered six, until the spring term, when two of 
our men left; to spend the summer in Florida. For various rea- 
sons the number ranged between two and six. This term found 
at its opening two Deltas, as usual, — Bro. Wise having left to 
bury his brother ; Bro. Kedmon kept out by a shotgun wound in 
the shoulder ; Bro. Mann not yet having found his way out of 
the Everglades. About the second month found four of us back, 
and rather earnest in persuading some others to flee the wrath 
to come, and seek safety in our ranks. We succeeded in " work- 
ing " five men at once, whom we now take pleasure in introduc- 
ing to you as Bros. J. C. Smith, W. J. Armstrong, A. J. LeMil- 
ler, W. H. Shortridge, and W. H. King. On the following 
Tuesday evening after these men were initiated, we initiated 
H. E. Lucas, and on a very recent occasion, Bros. Fearcy and 
Howe. We now number two Juniors, six Sophomores, four 
Freshmen, one 3rd Prep. You can imagine we felt pretty well 
satisfied with our success. Some of our opponents thought we 
were cutting a wide swath. We have now made arrangements 
to fit up a chapter house, and occupy it immediately after the 
holidays. Our alumni will give us material aid. 

Phi — Hanover. 

Pm is for the first time for at least eight years reduced to the 
weakest chapter in college. The class of '85 took away with it 
four men who have been for the last three or four years the pil- 
lars of our chapter. Bro. Voris and Lapp of '87 failed to show 
up this year, Bro. Voris, dropping out to go into business, 
and Bro. Lapp to teach school. Bro. Lapp, however, we ex- 
pect back with us next year. As it is we are three, all Sopho- 
mores, and will probably remain so to the end of the year, as there 
were but a few new men who entered the college proper this year, 
none of whom were thought eligible for A T ^^SLa weak as we 
were. We hope to do some good work in the Preparatory De- 


partment, and open next year^with something like our old num- 
bers . We have received a number of encouraging letters from our 
loyal Alumni, which give us great hopes. Bro. Hamilton of '85 
and Bro. Voris, formerly of '87, each made us flying visits during 
last month. 

The college has opened another year with higher expectations 
than ever before. At the last commencement the Trustees elected 
Professor Keil to the chair of Latin and Modem Languages. Pro- 
fessor Keil is a iine linguist, speaking a number of the modem 
languages. Prof. Baird, formerly in the Chair of Latin and Mod- 
em Languages, now takes the recently endowed Chair ot Physics 
and Astronomy. Our rival chapters are all in a fair condition. 

Rho — Stevens. 

We have been much pleased with the improved appearance 
of Thb Crescent, and hope to materially enlarge our subscrip- 
tion list ; we will try to do what we can to enlist the interest of 
the Alunmi of the Fraternity residing in New York and vicinity. 

We are glad to know that Sigma at Columbia is in such good 
condition ; we think that its prospects are brighter than at any 
previous period, and look for good work from that chapter dur- 
ing the year. We can now introduce our second initiate from 
the Freshman Class,— Bro. Alfred C. Peck, '89, Brooklyn, N. T. 

The fraternities here are very active this year, although not 
many initiations have taken place ; they seem to pay more at- 
tention to one class of men. Theta Xi, who heretofore has been 
one of the most deliberate of the fraternities here, has been most 
active this year, having taken in four freshmen and three sopho- 
mores. They seem to have changed their membership standard, 
which is nothing like so uniform as in former years. Sigma Chi, 
from the report of its Stevens correspondent to The Sigma Chi 
does not seem to regard '89 as a very promising one, whereas 
the class is known as one of the best that we have had for years. 

Bro. JR. M. Anderson, represents us on the editorial board of 
this year's Eccentric^ upon which X ^, H, and the neutrals are 
represented. So far the prospects for the coming number of the 
Eoceni/ric are very bright. The first number of the Sho Chronr 


icle^ looking much improved with a new heading, has been sent 
to the chapters, and will be published regularly during the year. 
So far this year we have had a larger number of visitors than 
usual ; our alumni are present much more frequently than hereto- 
fore, and we have had visits from Bros. Wilson M. Day, Mu, '71, 
President of the Fraternity ; James W. Magruder, Mu, '85 ; H. 
W. Collingwood, Iota, '83 ; M. P. Quintana, Upsilon, '84, and 
Julius D. Earle, Nu, '87. Situated so near New York City we have 
frequent opportunities of meeting and entertaining Deltas from 
abroad, and we are always glad to embrace such opportunities. 

Kappa — Hillsdale. 

At present we number eleven men, but brothers Heckenlively 
and Spears will be absent teaching during the winter. Supplies 
for their vacancies have been provided ; our policy, however, 
will be to keep close to the limit. Chas. Ward Macomber is 
our latest acquisition. The presence of ''ye olden time " fratres, 
O. A. Janes, C. F. Cook, W. C. Wilson, and F. H. Stone 
enlivened one of our recent meetings. 

The interests of our college are now represented by two peri- 
odicals. The Herald^ a weekly, and Tlie Ad/vcmce^ a bi-monthly ; 
each is edited by members of the faculty. The fall term ends 
November 25, having had a total enrollment in the different 
departments of over four hundred. The formal dedication of the 
new gymnasium building occurred November 5. In the after- 
noon a session was held for the students and their friends, at 
which the main address of the occasion was delivered by Presi- 
dent Dunn. In the evening, the doors were thrown open to the 
public in general, and notwithstanding the disagreeable darkness 
and inclemency of the weather, a very large audience assembled 
to listen to a well arranged programme. Among those who 
delivered addresses was F. B. Dickerson, of Detroit, from whom' 
the gymnasium received its name. Indian club swinging, broom 
brigade drill, etc., formed interesting parts of the exercises. 

The ^ J 0's have augmented their number to twenty-two. 
They have a strong chapter, and are rivals worthy of our compe- 
tition. The 2 X's are in good condition, but are somewhat 
weaker than they were last year. 


Beta Delta — University of Georgia. 

The University of Georgia opened with one hundred and 
sixty students, which is a decided increase over last year. The 
new boys were of the best class, consequently all the fraternities 
here are in good condition. Beta Delta commenced her term 
with seven active and enthusiastic Deltas, and as the result of 
their labor, we would commend to the brotherhood Bros. J. W. 
Norris, '89, L. Chase, '89, both of Florence, S. C, and John P. 
Upshaw, Jr., '89, Social Circle, Ga. With eleven men in perfect 
union and harmony, we know that the ends of the order can be 
attained. Bro. Ed. T. Whatlev has been elected Anniversarian 
of the Demosthean Literary Society, one of the highest honors 
within the gift of the college. We are also represented on TKe 
College Reporter, 

Beta Theta — University of the South. 

, I HAVE no new brothers to introduce this time, but fraternity 
life in has not been entirely uneventful since I last wrote 
to The Cbescbnt. In the first place, we were very much excited 
about a month ago, by some one breaking several of our new 
stained glass windows, and taking our banner and some other arti- 
cles from the hall. We could not imagine who had done it, and 
were naturally very angry. The Phi Delta Theta hall was sub- 
jected to a similar treatment on the same night, and they were 
as mad as we ; but our anger gave way to a sense of the ludicrous 
when it was discovered that a few little boys about eight or ten 
years old had formed a "fraternity," and having no ''secret," 
had determined to possess themselves of ours. Apart from the 
annoyance that it caused us, it was a most ridiculous burlesque 
on the fraternity system. We wish to take this opportunity 
publicly to express our thanks for the ready sympathy and assist- 
ance which the other fraternities and the University authorities 
extended to us, when the case was thought to be serious. We 
had a most delightful evening on the 3rd of November, at our 
banquet We chartered the hotel for the night, it having been 
closed for the winter, and had full use of kitchen, dining-hall 
and parlor. Bros. Biddell and Hale were with us for a few days, 


and Bro. BiddelPs caricatures of each frater, distribated with the 
menus, added not a little to the enjoyment of the evening. The 
supper, in regular courses, was excellent, and the toasts came in 
just right to finish up on. Music, songs, declamations, comic (?) 
operas, etc., filled up the rest of the evening, which was con- 
cluded by a Choctaw walk-around and three good cheers. May 
we have many more such, and may some of our brothers be here 
to help us enjoy some of them. 

Omicron — Iowa State University. 

Fbatkentty matters in the University are moving along with 
the accustomed regularity. Since our last letter we have initi- 
ated two worthy men, — Harry Stanton Marquardt, and Horace 
Greeley Clark, both of Iowa City, the former a brother of a loyal 
Delta, while the latter cannot claim relationship with either of 
the Clarks in our chapter. The contest for men this year has 
been quite spirited, but a^ predicted in our last, we have not 
experienced any difficulty in obtaining our quota of good men. 
At present the active membership of the different fraternities in 
the university is as follows : A T A^ fifteen ; B Q Ily thirteen ; 
^ K Wy nine ; 2 X, eight; ^ J 0, seven. 

The Betas have apparently lowered their former standard, 
and will be very much weakened when the class of '86 graduates. 
K W^ IB young, but shows the vigor of youth, and has a recog- 
nized standing. 2 X has partially recovered the ground lost 
last year, and bids fair to become established on a more solid 
basis than ever before. ^ A @ is much inferior to its former 
standing, both in men and influence. Our lady Greeks are pros- 
perous though conservative. It was rumored that a chapter of 
A r had been established here, but if so, it is still svb roaa. 

Iota — Michigan State. 

Iota is just closing a term of hard work, and we look back 
at the results of our efforts with the greatest satisfaction, and 
forward with most sanguine anticipations of continued success. 
Six have been initiated, and Bros. Perrigo, '88, and Bumham, 
Bartmess, Hubbard, McDonald and Gladden, '89, are the men 
who are to make lota's future prosperity outshine all her past 


successes. Our energetic president and new departments have 
started the anticipated boom at this institution, and while many 
colleges have entered small classes this fall, we have the largest 
and best class we have had for years. lota's successful efforts 
to secure the best are largely due to her invariable policy of 
refraining from belittling her rivals, and winning on her superior- 
ity alone. We never misrepresent, and have a record for square 
above-board work of which we are proud. As a chapter, we are 
a unit in brotherly regard for each other, and enthusiasm for 
good old Delta Tau. Music, that great power to ''soothe the 
savage breast, '' we make the most of, and piano, violin, guitar, 
banjo and flute are seldom at rest on Saturday evenings. We 
hope soon to replace the piano now in our rooms with one of 
our own. 

Last Saturday evening, November 14th, we entertained our 
friends in the chapter hall. It was a genuine Delta evening, 
enjoyed alike by guests and Delta brothers ; and proved a fitting 
culmination to our term's successful work. We were glad to 
have with us Bros. Ware, Hoyt and Coulter, '82, Carpenter, '73, 
and Carpenter, '79. Nothing pleases us more than to have 
brothers of our own and other chapters visit us. Efforts are being 
being made by the Eclectic Literary Society to secure another 
fraternity here. We hope they may be successful, and, as they 
express themselves as bound to persevere till they succeed, we 
think they will. The society contains many fine men, and the 
college is prosperous and growing. 

Gamma — Washington and Jefferson. 

A. T. Baibd, Esq., Treasurer of Washington-Jefferson Col- 
lege, last week received a check from New York for $30,306 — 
the proceeds from the sale of Cleveland & Pittsburgh Railroad 
stock, bequeathed by the late Rev. Dr. Charles C. Beatty, of 
Steubenville, Ohio. Dr. Beatty's total contributions to the col- 
lege exceed $105,000. Prof. J. F. Ray, Gumma, '72, now occu- 
pies the chair of Physics and Chemistry of Washington-Jefferson. 
He came here from the Detroit High School, and is becoming 
deservedly popular with the students. 


Gamma Chapter is in excellent condition. The term was 
begun with seven men. We have initiated two, — Ott McLaugh- 
lin, of Wheeling, W. Va., and Sherrard Elliott, of New York 
City — ^both sought after by other fraternities — and we have 
another man pledged. Gamma is reinforced by Whistler, for- 
merly of Alpha, a good fellow, well liked, and a worthy Delta. 
Onr hall has been handsomely refurnished and everything is 
comfortable. Bro. Garrison represents Gamma on the Board of 
Editors of the Annual to be issued by the Juniors. Two of the 
prominent oilmen now in town are old Delta Taus, — Messrs. 
Henry W. Williams, who was initiated at the Western Univer- 
sity, and Charlie Newlon, an old Alpha boy. Both keep up 
their interest in the fraternitv. 

Alpha — Allegheny. 

Since our last, we may state that Alpha has been proceeding 

on her way admirably, and with abundant success. We may 

announce the fruits of our labors by introducing to you the 

initiates: Bros. K. Carl Kreek, of Titusville, Pa., and John C. 

Armstrong, of Brownsville, Pa. We are happy to think that 

old Allegheny College was so fortunate this year as to have two 

new men join her ranks that would make good royal Deltas. 
We think that there are also several more of such stripe, and we 
await further developments. We now number eight active 
members, and our chapter is in a good condition. Although it 
is not as strong in numbers as it might be, we feel that it is 
growing within itself. While we are eight in number, we are one 
m spirit. Perfect harmony is something that Alpha can always 
boast of. As we believe that the vitality of any chapter depends 
only upon the standard of the members enrolled, we regard it 
imperative to choose only the best, and unhesitatingly exclude 
all those who would have a tendency to lower the dignity of the 

it is gratifying to announce that two new professors have 
been added to the faculty : Rev. W. G. Williams, of Jamestown, 
N. Y., Professor of Ethics ; Rev. T. N. Luckock, of Pittsburgh, 
Pa., Professor of Mathematics. These are men of superior 
ability, and will undoubtedly be a credit to the college. Two 
hundred and thirty-two students are now in attendance. The 
Civil Engineering course, so lately inaugurated in the curricu- 


lum, is now becoming one of the principal college courses. 
Facilities for carrying on the work are being added, and ere 
long nothing will be wanting to make the course complete. 

Chapter Alpha opened tne social season (just as usual) with 
an old-fashioned taffy pull. The party was the first of the kind 
this season. Excellent music was procured, all those present 
seemed to have especially enjoyed themselves, and complimented 
us again and again upon our beautiful suite of rooms. There 
were about forty present. This happy event may be enlisted 
among the many social successes of Alpha. 

Psi — Wooster. 

Since our last letter Bro. Sharpe has left us. He was elected 
to a position in Shady side Academy, East Pittsburgh, Pa., which 
he accepted. We are sorry to lose ''Bob," but are comforted 
some from the fact that he will return next year to finish his 
course. Psi has added a culinary department to her hall. Bro. 
Rockey is chief cook, and a real connoisseur at dishing up the 
bivalves. Bro. Aughinbaugh has recently pre^nted us with a 
very fine painting of a Delta badge. The work is done on a 
silvered plaque, which is set in a frame of hammered brass. It 
is unique. Psi has been well remembered in late elections. 
Bro. Shallenberger is to manage the scenes in two Shaksperean 
entertainments to be given, one at the close of this term, and 
the other at the opening of the next. Bro. W. S. Bowman was 
elected historian of his class. In the Military Department we 
hold our share of the offices. If there is any honor in offices, 
we are surely blessed. ^ J and ^ K W are fitting up new 
halls in a bnck block that is iust finished. Their location is 
central. The K A ^ ladies held a reception at the home of one 
of their resident members on halloween. 

Beta Epsilon — Emory. 

With the return of Bros. Key, Johnson and Crossby, the 
Beta Epsilon was enabled to open the year with sixteen men. 
We desire to introduce Bro. J. b. Clark, who was initiated last 
spring, and Bros. Reed, Daniel and Landrum, who have an- 
nounced their fealty to ^ r J since the beginning of the fall 
term. With Bro. tJ. A. Williams, who returns in April to grad- 
uate with '86, Beta Epsilon will have three seniors, three juniors, 
seven sophomores, three freshmen and four sub-freshmen. 

Feeling the need of being well represented in each class, and 
with a view of having a good working force in the next Fresh- 
man Class, we initiated four members of the Preparatory De- 


partment. This department is recognized as an integral part of 
the college, and all our rivals, KA, J Q, X 0, A Tn,2AE 
and ^iV nave initiated men enrolled therein. In facU many of 
the very best and most intelligent fraternity men now in Emory 
were initiated while preps. 

The chapter is m sound and healthy condition. A great 
revival of interest in the general fratermtv is noticeable, while 
the study of the history, government and policy o{ J T j:^ ib 
steadily on the increase. We have settled all our debts, and 
ha^^e in the treasury a small cash balance. In short, we are on 
the high road to prosperity. 

Upsilon — Rensselaer. 

Since the last issue of The Crescent, we have initiated two 
more members of the Class of '89, namely, Bros. Paul H^ert, 
of Marietta, Ga., and Laurence Martin, of Mobile, Ala. Upsi- 
lon regrets to announce the departure of Bro. Puyana, '87, who 
was obliged to return home on account of the war in his country. 
Bro. Emory is convalescent from a severe illness. We have 
removed all our debts, and are in a good financial condition. 
As Seal Agent the chapter will be glad to fill any order of the 
other chapters. The ''rushing season" is about over, and the 
following list shows the initiates of the difierent fraternities for 
this year : z W two, & a two, J r J five, jj KE four, j * two, 
X * three, S J X one. Bro. Bigelow, '89, has been appointed 
editor from his class of The Polytechnic^ the monthly published 
by the Institute. 

Delta — University of Michigan. 

The names of the men initiated this year by the Delta are as 
follows : C. Kirke Eddy, '89, East Saginaw, Mich. ; Harry K. 
Gustin, '89, Bay City, Mich. ; and Earnest F. Smith, '89, Pon- 
tiac, Mich. We will be able to add two more names to the 
above list before long. 

The other fraternities represented here seem to be doing 
well in securing good men in the Freshman Class, and, as a rule, 
the fraternities at the U. of M. were never in better condition 
than at present. It is too early in the year to ascertain the 
exact number of fraternity men, but the following list is approx- 
imately correct. Chi Psi, nine ; Sigma Phi, six ; Alpha Delta 
Phi, fourteen ; Delta Kappa Epsilon, eighteen ; Zeta Psi, nine ; 
Psi Upsilon, thirty ; Phi Kappa Psi, twenty-four ; Beta Theta 
Pi, eighteen ; Delta Tau Delta, sixteen. This list gives no 
standard of judgment as to relative strength. Besides the above 


there are several Greek letter societies connected with the insti- 
tution, but not recognized as a part of the fraternity system. 
They are : Sigma Chi, Phi Delta Phi, Nu Sigma Nu, Delta 
Sigma, Phi Alpha, Delta Upsilon, and two soroses — Kappa 
Alpha Theta, and Gamma Phi Beta. 

The fraternity juniors' hop will take place on the 19th of Feb- 
ruary, 1886. Our chapter hop will be sometime in the first part 
of January, and we hope to have a reunion at that time. The 
refurnishing of our house is at last completed, and we are set- 
tled down to our year's work. We have plenty of spare room 
for visiting Deltas, and they are always welcome. Bro. Jay J. 
Reed, '77, of Chicago, spent a few days witli us the first of 
November. Bro. Will Carleton is to lecture at University Hall 
on the evening of February 12, 1886. 

Mu — Ohio Wesleyan. 

SiNOB our last letter we have added to our number Bro. A. L. 
Banker, '86. It is a peculiar fact that Chapter Mu holds the 
same positions this year on The Transcript that she held last 
year, — the positions of local and exchange editors, occupied last 
year by Bros. Austin and Magruder, being occupied this year by 
Bros. Arnold and Banker. 

The lack of enthusiasm in fraternity circles is especially 
noticeable at present. Thus far this year there have been but 
eight initiates into the several fraternities. Of this number, 
ATA and ^ AQ have each taken two, while each of the other 
fraternities have taken but one. Only two of these initiates are 
"new men," the others having been in college previous to this 
year. At the same time last year at A herself had initiated 
four men, and the other fraternities had been nearly or quite as 
active. This marked falling off is probably due to the decrease 
in the attendance of male students. The female department, on 
the contrary, is unusally full of live and interesting material, and 
the lack of zeal in "rushing" men seems to be more than coun- 
terbalanced by the zeal on the part of the different fraternities 
in " rushing" the girls. The entire number of active fraternity 
men in the college at present is sixty-seven. These are distrib- 
uted among the fraternities as follows : <^ X ¥^, fifteen ; J5 iT, 
fourteen \ A T A^ twelve ; ^ F A^ eleven ; <^ J 0, nine ; and 
X 0, six. 

Prof. John S. Van Cleve, '71, delivered two very interesting 
lectures before the students of the college last week. This is 
the second time Bro. Van Cleve has lectured before the college, 
and, if possible, he will also appear before us again next year. 


Chi — Kenyon. 

On September 9 the cry of the valiant sons of Kenyon once 
more awoke from their reverie the peacefnl inhabitants of the 
sequestered village of Gambier. It was pleasant to return the 
friendly greetings of those from whom one had been separated, 
even though it were but the short space of a summer's vacation. 
The term opened auspiciously, with about the usual quota of 
students. Though Bro. Reid and your humble servant are the 
only members of Chi at present, yet we are fighting the good 
fight, looking forward to the time when our numbers shau be 
considerably augmented, in consequence of which fact we may 
help to consummate the one ^eat object in view — to make Delta 
Tau Delta not only the strongest fraternity in the land, but one 
whose influence in society may be as widely felt. Bro. Heins, 
an alumnus of Lafayette, has the department of Greek and 
Political Economy at Kenyon Grammar School. A more en- 
thusiastic Delta than Bro. Heins cannot, we venture to assert, 
be found anywhere. Bro. Harris, '85, is engaged in business at 
Tyrons, Ind. Bro. Herlinger, '83, formerly a teacher of Latin 
and German at the Grammar School, and who. May last, was 
admitted to the bar, is practicing his profession at Cincinnati. 
The Alpha Delta Phi, consisting of nine members ; Theta Delta 
Chi, of five members ; Beta Theta Pi, five ; Delta Kappa Epsi- 
lon, four ; and Psi Upsilon, eleven, are our rival fraternities. 

Sigma — Columbia. 

OuB chapter now consists of nine active members. At the 
beginning of the year we initiated Bro. John K. Marsh, '87, of 
Muncie, Ind., who will represent us on the board of editors of 
The Mirier, We expect soon to increase our numbers by valu- 
able additions from the classes of '88 and '89. The chapter is 
more closely organized and its work is done more systematically 
than last year, and, consequently, we hope to make it more eflTect- 
ive. We are gaining for ourselves a place among the chapters 
of the eleven or twelve fraternities represented at Columbia, 
which will be a credit to Delta Tau Delta. We have pleasant 
rooms at No. 61 East Forty-first street, where we meet every 
Tuesday evening. We were aided in securing and furnishing 
these rooms by members of other chapters, but especially are 
we indebted to Bro. A. P. Trautwein, Kho, '76, who has given 
us unhesitatingly his time and experience. If the chapter has 
been weak in the past, it is now upon its feet, and, if indications 
go for anything, is rapidly developing a healthy state of activity 
and growth. 

^i jBtltft Vftu JBtltft 


DKCKMBER. 1886. 


Brown, Pettibone & Kelly, Printers. 




X. > 


Editor-in-Chief, H. W. PLUMMER, Alpha, '84. 

Assistant Editors. 

A. P. Trautwein, Rho, '76. J. W. McLean, Zeta, '83. 

O. M. Matson, Beta Beta, '85. C. D. Willard, Delta, *83. 

C. L. Edwards, U. of Ind., '86. 


First Grand Division. 

^— (Grand Chapter) Allegheny College, W. B. Fulton, Meadville, Pa. 

p^Stevens Inst, of Technology, R. M. Anderson, 427 Garden St., Hoboken, N. J. 

2^— Rensselaer Polytechnic Inst., Victor T. Price, 3 Waverly Place, Troy, N. Y. 

2V— Lafayette College, J. H. Palmer, Easton, Pa. 

r — Washington and Jefferson College, H. E. Alexander, Washington, Pa. 

iJ— Lehigh University, Harry Toulmin, South Bethlehem, Pa. 

2 — Columbia College, J. A. Moorcroft, 46 West 27th St., New York City. 

Second Grand Division. 

M— (Grand Chapter) Ohio Wesleyan Univ., F. M. Austin, Box 1253, Delaware, (X 

X — Kenyon College, W. W. Scranton, Gambier, O. 

Ipi-Wooster University, V. L. Crabbe, Wooster, O. 

Z— Adelbert College, Sherman Arter, 760 Wilson Ave., Cleveland, O. 

B — Ohio University, E. D. Sayre, Athens, O. 

0— Bethanv College, H. S. Willett, Bethany, W. Va. 

.ff—Buchtef College, James Ford, Akron, O. 

B E — Emory College, W. W. Carroll, Oxford, Ga. 

B A — ^.University of Georgia, W. S. Upshaw, Athens, Ga. 

B — University of the South, G. L. Crockett, Sewanee, Tenn, 

Third Grand Division. 

A — (Grand Chapter) Univ. of Michigan, J. C. Shaw, Box 3171, Ann Arbor, Mich. 

^ — Hanover College, D. E. Williamson, Hanover, Ind. 

E — Albion College, E. F. Abernethy, Albion, Mich. 

J — Michigan State College, J. N. Estabrook, Lansing, Mich. 

^—Hillsdale College, S. B. Harvey, Hillsdale, Mich. 

B B — DePauw University, I. B. Blackstock, Greencastle, Ind. 

B Z— Butler University, W. S. King, Irvington, Ind. 

Fourth Grand Division. 

0— (Grand Chapter) Iowa State Univ., E. R. Nichols, Box 1219, Iowa City, Iowa. 

i2 — Iowa State College, Sherman Yates, Ames, Iowa. 

S — Simpson College, S. L. Vanscoy, Indianola, Iowa. 

B fi^University of Minnesota, F. N. Stacy, University, Minneapolis, Minn. 

B ^—University of Colorado, Guy V. Thompson, Boulder, Colorado. 

Alumni Associations. 

New York Alumni Association — Pres.^ Rev. A. L. Crandall; Sec'yy A. P. Traut- 
Chicago Alumni Association — Pres.^ W. L. McClurg ; Sec^y^ H. W. Plummer. 
Cleveland Alumni Association — Pres.^ W. M. Day; Secy^ H. G. Sherman. 
Michigan Alumni Association — Pres., Rev. A. M. Gould ; Sec'y^ J. B. Ware. 




Yesterday, in Washington, just in front of a pretty glass door 
opening directly upon Pennsylvania Avenue, 1 met Billy Archer. 
He was an '81 man in my college, and as good a fraternity 
worker as ever rode a pony or a goat, — but married now, and 
settled in "the city of magnificent distances." You will please 
reserve your judgment of his present value to our order until 
you hear what he said to me, right there on the street. I hold 
that the whole fraternity system is in danger when a member of 
any society can, with impunity, make such statements. 

First, I beg leave to remark that I'm a Delt, proud of the • 
fact, and in no way inclined to let people forget it. Contrary 
to rule, I suppose, I wear a badge made expressly to my order ; 
and if it is rather large — not one of these meaningless pins that 
some of the fellows wear — why, that's my affair. Badges, 
moreover, aren't intended to be hid under a bushel, so I wear 
mine on my scarf; and if the latter has several bright and pretty 
colors, that, again, is my affair. I claim that such a jewel 
should have an appropriate setting. 

Well, sir, Billy — who, I fancy, never liked me very well 
anyhow — Billy no sooner set eyes on that badge, than he said 
in his exasperatingly blunt way, "Where under the canopy did 
you get thxLt dish-cover?" By Gad, sir, those are his very 
words : " Where under the canopy did you get thxit dish-cover?" 
he says. "To be candid, I never especially admired our badge 
anyhow, but yours I consider quite, quite vile." 

In the seven weeks I spent at college, I learned how to bear 
and to forbear in frat. matters, else my wrath must have bubbled 


over. But I managed to say, after a time, "Billy, I'm posi- 
tively ashamed of you. That badge, sir," and I touched it 
fondly, "that badge calls up more pleasant recollections than 
any other thing I possess. I love my fraternity ; everything 
connected with it is very dear to me, and it grates, I tell you, 
to have any man call this, the proof of my membership, a dish- 
cover ! " — all this in a tone he ought never to forget ; and Delt 
to the core as I am, I fairly tingled with rage. But after such a 
rebuke, sir, Pm hanged if the man didn't laugh I — laugh^ sir! 
and then says to me, all at once, "Say, do you take Thb 
Cbjssoemt ? " 

Now, just what Thb Crbscbnt has said lately on the subject 
of badges, I really don't know. An unfortunate rush of busi- 
ness has prevented me from subscribing, though I intended to 
do so long ago. So, taking no notice of his irrelevant question I 
said, "We'll have the badge changed at the next convention. 
But seriously, old fellow, men like you and me, who have been 
out of college for some time, and who can view things dispas- 
sionately, must admit that many changes, some radical, are 
really essential to the frat's prosperity. I've heard twenty fel- 
lows say so within a year — brand new initiates, too, who have 
none of the accumulated prejudice by which some of our older 
men are blinded. This is an age of investigation and reform, 
and if we don't join the procession pretty soon, what's to become 
of this quarter-century of labor? Now, I've lost not one mole- 
cule of my old-time interest, and I've often thought of suggesting 
to somebody on the Executive Council, that that honorable body 
really ought to brace up a little and do something modem, ot 
else step down and out. There's honorary membership, now ; 
lots of the bovs would like that. I know a lot of fellows who 
would make things lively if they could get in — fellows with 
fathers, you know, and social position, and style, and all that. 
They'd give us tone. Men of influence and of reputation, you 
know — Congressmen, and" — 

" Oh, yes! " he interrupted, " I favor that Take 'em all in," 
pointing to the Capitol with his umbrella. "They're such a 
rare lot ; and how glorious it would be to hear them say at 


banquets, as they invariably do, how surprised tliey were to 
wake up one morning and find themselves members of 'this 
magnificent order,' and to know how densely and hopelessly 
ignorant they are of the whole thing. Oh, yes ! Let's have 'em 
in, — maybe they could steal something^ for us, and, besides, the 
manufacture of great men seems a slow and difficult process." 
And he became lost in thought. 

After a somewhat awkward pause, I continued: "Reforms 
must have authoritative origin. A chapter can mend its own 
ways, but what general good can it effect? I tell you that 
Executive Council needs a tonic. I know a good many fellows 
who can just give points to those men right along. The 
chapters need judicious management from outside, and the 
Council ought to look after them better." 

''Well," he answered, gravely, "you are unquestionably 
right. The princely salary that each of these men draws from 
the fraternal treasury ought to secure a little more effort. They 
all plead other things to do ; but what are their school systems, 
and newspapers, and iron works, and railroads for, if not to con- 
tribute to the support of this organization ? By the way " — very 
confidentially all at once — "do you know, I've always believed 
yo^d be a capital man to put on that Council ? We want men 
of money, and leisure, and brains — college-bred men, like your- 
self. And, sir, if we can bring that about, why shouldn't I be 
made General Inspector of Chapters, with a roving commission, 
power of life and death, and two thousand a year with expenses? 
Why, there's blood in that scheme, old man ! " And the man 
really seemed quite excited over it. I suppose he wanted to be 
sarcastic, or something. But as for leisure, if I didn't put in as 
hard a week down at the races as he did in his old law office, 
I'm a goat. But listen : 

" There are slight objections to membership in that dignified 
gang," said he, "in that you are everybody's lawful prey. It's 
a labor of love, I tell you, and to me it is a constant wonder that 
anybody can be found who is willing to undertake it." 

I believe that man would growl, even if he was going to be 


''That word reform," he went on, "about which we hear so 
great a hue and cry, may have a definite meaning, and again it 
may be very vague. It is so easy to say, and so hard to do. 
We have long wanted a new and strong government Well, 
we're getting it. System is beginning to characterize our work- 
ing. Every fraternity in America has a better government than 
it had ten or even five years ago. Graduate control has already 
proved to be the very thing we have needed in all these years. 
Notwithstanding all this petty fault-finding, we are broadening, 
and becoming more and more liberal year by year. Reforms, to 
be lasting, must be slow, else you have revolution. Give the 
new plan and the new men a chance. If I were on that Council 
I'd introduce a law inflicting sudden and frightful death on every 
Fresh who begins to call for 'reform' before he's fairly weaned. 
If I remember rightly, you wanted reform in certain things 
before you were fairly initiated. " And as certain visions came 
to our minds, we stood and grinned at each other a long time, 
there in the November sunlight. 

Billy broke the spell by remarking, "Heaven knows we 
need some changes. I think it's disgraceful that so little atten- 
tion is paid to new chapters, just at a time when they most 
need encouragement. I think it's a shame that our men don't 
give to The Crescent better literary support. I think it's crimi- 
nal that chapters, and members of chapters, are so dilatory in 
correspondence and in reports, and that they are so neglectful 
of trying to pledge men for other chapters. I think we ought 
certainly to carry the lopping-oft' process considerably further. 
I think all the wisdom of all the ages should be exercised upon 
our extension. I think that as we are a secret society we should 
be more secret in what we say and do, for in genuine secrecy is 
a genuine source of strength. I think, — though you won't agree 
with me, — that we need a change in our manner of holding and 
conducting conventions, so that reports of them may be some- 
thing besides 'We went, we ate, we came away.' I'm not 
certain but we might well abolish, among other things, the rarely 
successful convention banquet, which nobody really enjoys, and 
which not one delegate in a dozen can aiFord. But after all, I'm 


not sure but we and our sister fraternities should very wisely 
begin our reform by calling in the gentlemanly Fool-killer and 
the polished Crank-shooter, each loaded for bear. They'd find 
plenty to do for a year ; and when they come near certain chap- 
ters, some reformers would show great perspicacity in climbing 
a tree. Reform doesn't mean a new letter head, nor a banner 
for every chapter, nor any other addition to our spread-eagle. 
It must begin deeper down, in principles and in methods. It 
must manifest itself in enthusiasm, earnestness, solidity, unity, 
steady growth; in the men who are initiated, and who are 
graduated ; in the stand taken for discipline, and scholarship, 
and strong character, by the men who make up our chapters. 
We are too apt to forget what we go to college for. The purpose 
of college-going ought to settle, in most cases, a man's fitness or 
unfitness for membership, and the justice or injustice of a chap- 
ter's claims for respect and confidence. The ' Boys-will-be-boys ' 
principle is made to cover up a good many contemptible things, 
inside and outside of fraternities. 'Men must be men' would 
be a decided improvement, when you try to apply it to college- 
fellows. Our society will do much to promote the best interests 
of college-students if she sets her face more resolutely than she 
has yet done toward a standard of high scholarship. Here is an 
open field, and a broad outlook. It matters not what is the 
standard of similar societies ; we should be pioneers in the ven- 
ture. 1 don't forget that sociability is a most important requi- 
site ; but I remember that in high scholarship, and in the high 
character that generally accompanies it, there is a foundation for 
a broader future, and a means of perpetuating all that is worthv 
in this organization." 

I brought this young enthusiast to earth again by interpos- 
ing, ''Yes, the fellows don't patronize The Crescent as they 
should. I've always noticed that. In fact, I've been thinking 
of sending in some verses of my own, not much in themselves, 
but they might relieve the editor a little in his famine-time." 

"You'd better send in some advertisements," this youth did 
make reply. "Frat. poetry, as a rule, is rather slushy. The 
boys mean well, but they aren't big enough. You might trans- 


late a few German drinking songs. Pm snre jon're entirely 
capable of rendering their spirit and fervor into appropriate 
English," — and he looked at me very narrowly. " Bnt I believe 
that space can be pnt to even better nse. Societies should be 
practical, the reformers say. Why couldn't we devote a page or 
two to a Bureau of Information ? Wants, Lost, Found, For Sale, 
and so forth, — ads. from lawyers wanting office-boys, doctors 
wanting stable-boys, — see what a future that would open up to 
some of our graduates, our honor-men ! Teachers supplied with 
positions ; Sophs, with skins and modesty ; Theologs with 
revolvers, billies and characters ! Why, man, its glorious — lota 
better than ranting about an imaginary Delta grandmother I 
But I must away. My wife's aunt told me to-day of a fellow in 
Georgetown who's going out West to college somewhere, and 
Fm going to see if I can spike him before he starts." And 
giving the complex but gracefdl and mysterious parting sign of 
the Order, Billy began to pursue a street car. 

Well, sir, I was so dazed that I went in at the pretty glasa 
door, and asked the bar-tender for a shampoo ; and from the 
way my head feels this morning, I think I must have got it. 

J. W. McLean. 


Delta ^au Delta in Xiterature. 

[Devoted to Reviews and Notices of the Works of Members of the Fraternity, '\ 

CiTT Baixabs. By Will Carleton (Kappa, '69). Square 8vo, 180 pp. Blus- 
trated. New York : Harper & Bros. 1886. 

Previous to the production of this, his latest work, Bro. Carleton 
had already endeared himself to a large and growing circle of readers 
by his " Farm Ballads," " Farm Legends " and « Farm Festivals ;" his 
" City Ballads," so long and anxiously looked for by his numerous 
friends, promise not only to maintain, but even to intensify his popu- 
larity. In his ^'City Ballmls'* he leaves the fields and farms, hills and 
dal^, foresto and ^s which have given him his inspirktions for 
the previous works, and turns to the crowded streets of the large city 
fbr his material. 

The author very ingeniously presents the effect of city life upon 
two widely different characters, yet both alike impressionable ; the one 
a young man just out of college, who finds himself for the first time 
amid the varied scenes of a busy city ; the other, an old farmer — a 
man with a clear head, sound judgment and shrewd philosophy of his 
own — who, having made a fortune through the discovery of oil on his 
Iknn, is transplanted by his rather ambitious wife into a new world. 
Their experiences and impressions are described in a very entertaining 
and mstructive manner. The two views of metropolitan life are given 
in extracts from the note-book of Arthur Selwyn and the diary of 
Farmer Harrington, and are alternated throughout the book, giving a 
new and varied interest to almost every page. This plan of construc- 
tion afforded the author many opportunities for introducing numerous 
episodes — ^humorous and pathetic — and removes from the book what 
might otherwise give it a rather " sketchy " character. The various 
phases of life in ^ large city are portrayed under the heads of Wealthy 
Want, Fire, Water, Vice, Virtue, Travel and Home. Not all of the 
verses are new ; some of the ballads are familiar to the public through 
the medium of the several publications of the Harpers. We thus note 
among others, "Flash: The Fireman's Story j" "A Sewing-Girl's 
Diary," and " At the Summit of the Washington Monument." 

Carleton's works, and particularly the present volume, have been 


somewhat severely critioised in several newspaper reviews. No task, 
however, it seems to us, can be more thankless than this at the present 
time ; for, in whatever light he may be judged in the future, it is 
certain that Carleton has in an eminent degree the rare faculty of 
touching a responsive chord in the hearts of the great masses of the 
people, and this in a way which few others of our American poets 
possess. Without the aid of criticism, if friendly ; without hindrance 
from it, if unfriendly, his poems will always find their way to that 
audience to which they are particularly addressed, — the great middle 
class ; and they will alwaj^s be granted a most cordial welcome. 
Carleton again maintains his reputation as a true poet ; his new ballads 
possess that same quaint humor and pathos and simplicity, they betray 
that same intimate knowledge of human affairs as they occur in our 
every-day lives, so incident to this author ^ a good^ honest common- 
sense pervades them all. The rhj^me, it is true, is not always perfect ; 
there are a few instances where defects mar the style, yet none are so 
serious that they are not covered by the license which is readily 
granted to a poet, who has created a field of poetry peculiarly his 
own. It is doubtful whether any poet of the day can find so many 
appreciative readers as he. 

Tornado Studies for 1884. By John P. Finley (Iota, '73), Second Lieu- 
tenant, Signal Corps, U. S. A. Large 4to. Washington, D. C. : Signal 
Office. 1885. 
This is known as No. 16 of the Professional Papers of the Signal 
Service, and, like Lieut. Finley's previous memoirs upon the subject, 
forms an important contribution to meteorological science. It consists 
of two maps showing the geographical distribution of the tornadoes 
of 1884, and the total number of tornadoes by States, with the r^on 
of the greatest storm frequency ; there are 73 other charts embracing 
a study of the most notable tornadoes of the year. Brief descriptive 
notes and tables of meteorological observations accompany each chart 
All of the violent wind storms and tornadoes of the year are tabulated 
chronologically, the table showing at a glance the pAncipal and 
important features of each tornado. From these and his previous 
researches, Lieut. Finley is able to draw a series of valuable conclu- 
sions as to the relation of tornado centers to areas of barometric 
minimum and their characteristics. The work of arranging and tabu- 
lating the results of the observations by a large number of volunteer 
reporters, whose work is directed by Lieut. Finley, must be an enor- 


mous task. His duties take him to every part of the country, follow- 
ing in the wake of these tornadoes for the purpose of studying their 
•causes and effects. 

Bro. Finley enjoys the distinction of being the first meteorologist 
who has made this subject one of special study, being detailed for 
this duty by the chief signal officer. He is rapidly arriving at the 
laws which determine the occurrence of tornadoes and their accom- 
panying phenomena. It is but a question of time when these will be 
predicted with the same certainty of verification which has made the 
work of the Weather Bureau of such inestimable value to the country. 

Ekgineerino as a Profession. By William Kent (Rho> 76). An address 
before the Alumni Association of the Stevens Institute of Technology, 
June 18, 1885. Reprinted from Van Nostrand's Eclectic Engineering 
Magazine for August, 1885. 

Accurate Training. By Ira O. Baker (Upsilon Prime, 72), Professor of 
Engineering in the Dlinois State University. Engineering Newi, 
Sept. 15. 1885. 

Report OP the Public Schools op Richmond, Ind. 1885. 114 pp. 8vo. 

We have received a copy of the above report, the greater portion 
of which is naturally devoted to the report of the Superintendent of 
Schools, Prof. J. N. Study (Mu, 72). It is thoroughly complete in all 
of its details and may well serve as a pattern for reports of this 
nature. We should judge, from a close perusal of this report and 
fh>m Bro. Study's well-known energy, ability and faithfulness, that the 
j>ublic educational system of Richmond, one of the most thriving and 
prosperous towns in Indiana, is in excellent condition, and that it has 
attained a high state of efficiency. The success of a school system is 
determined in large measure by the executive ability of the Superin- 
tendent of Schools ; Richmond's public schools are evidently in 
excellent hands. 

Elbicbntary Mechanism : A Text-Book por Students in Mechanical 
Engineering. By Arthur T. Woods and Albert W. Stahl (Rho, 76). 
12mo, 808 pp. 192 illustrations. New York: D. Van Nostrand. 1885. 

The subject matter of this book was originally prepared for lecture- 
room instruction by the authors, Messrs. Woods and Stahl, both of 
whom are Assistant Engineers in the U. S. navy, and have been 
detailed for duty as Professors of Mechanical Engineering at the 
Illinois State University and at Purdue University respectively. The 


book, as indicated in its secondary title, is primarily designed for 
beginners, and as such will serve a most useAil purpose. It is not 
intended to either supplement or supplant the larger work of Prof. 
Willis, whose " Elements of Mechanism " is, moreover, practically out 
of print, nor the more recent treatises of Prof. MacCord (" Kinemat- 
ics ") and Prof Reuleaux (" Kinematik "), which have a field peculiarly 
their own, in the more advanced courses in mechanical engineering. 

The present work is plain in itB language and comparatively free 
from the higher mathematics ; it will, therefore, prove of especial 
value to the practicing engineer who has neither time nor inclination 
to follow out a complete mathematical analysis. The book possesses 
a feature not found, so far as we are aware, in any other treatise on 
this subject, in the forty practical problems, which serve to amply 
illustrate the application of the principles developed in the book;, 
these are of special value both to students and engineers. 

Tables op Sizes op Chimweyb. Tables pob Facilitating Calculations 
OP Boiler Tests. The Torsion Balance. Three papers read before 
the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, by William Kent 
(Rho, 76). Published in Volume VI of the Transactions of the 
Society, 1885. 

Local Attraction in Land Surveying. By 'Prof. Ira O. Baker (Upsilon> 
Prime, 72). Engineering News, October 81, 1885. 

Handbook op the Law, and Manual of Forms. By Henry A. Haigh- 
(Iota, 74). 8yo, 492 pp. Detroit, Mich. : Richmond, Backus & Co. 

The work which we have the pleasure of noticing is the result of 
a series of articles in which the law of the farm was set forth, orig- 
inally contributed by the author to The Michigan Farmer and to The 
American Agriculturist. The present work is a connected and well 
arranged compendium of these articles, together with other informa- 
tion bearing upon the legal rights and liabilities in the ordinary 
experiences and business relations of the industrial and agricultural 
classes. Those branches of the law which are applicable to the rural 
community are therefore given special prominence ; indeed, the work 
clearly treats and explains almost every conceivable legal question 
that would be of importance to farmers and artisans in the manage- 
ment of their property : land titles, mortgages, deeds, farm fixtures, 
surveys, easements, water rights and drainage, fences, highways, 


nuisances, employes, leases, etc., are some of the subjects which are 
passed in review, and in every case amply set forth. 

In addition to these the author dwells at some length upon the 
-duties and liabilities of notaries public, on the rules of order to govern 
deliberative bodies, and adds a very complete glossary of the legal 
terms more commonly met with. One of the most valuable features 
of the book is a manual of forms for drawing the various legal instrur 
ments necessary in the transaction of business. 

The book is not intended to dispense in all cases with the services 
-of a lawyer. In the words of the author, ^* Such a claim for it would 
be neither reasonable nor candid ; but it is hoped that its suggestions 
may be found useful in preventing mistakes of ignorance or careless- 
ness, and thus help to keep its readers out of some of the entangle- 
ments of the law," and it will give its readers, in concise form, much 
practical information which will enable them to transact their ordinary 
business afEkirs in accordance with the accepted methods of law. 

Not only to the farmer and artisan, however, but also to the law 
student and the young practitioner at the bar, will the book prove of 
interest and value. Many cases are cited to sustain and emphasize 
. the principles of the law ; these touch the subjects which will first 
•engross the attention of the young lawyer in a rural community, and 
make this handbook one of especial value for his professional library. 
-Court officers in such communities will also find it a valuable reference 

The book is well printed, and clearly and conveniently arranged. 
It is in every way creditable to the author, and will doubtless continue 
to meet with the success which has, as we learn, thus far attended its 

Miscellaneous Poems.— "My Guest"; "In Soudan"; "The Old Village 
Depot"; " In Tempe Vale " ; "The Spirit of Poetry"; " Shakspeare.*' 
By James Newton Matthews (Upsilon Prime, University of Illinois), 
'72. Published in Chicago Current, Indianapolis Herald, and Boston 

In Brother Matthews, Delta Tau Delta can claim a true poet, a kind 
4Uid genial gentleman, loved and honored by a wide circle of friends 
and admirers. Though but 33 years of age, during the last ten years he 
has written many poems for the magazines and newspapers, that have 
heen generously and heartily received and commended by the reading 
public. His latest works have attracted universal attention and 


admiration throughout the country. The Boston Transcript, one of 
the foremost literary journals in the East, has published several of his 
poems, and lent them the strong endorsement of its approval. Brother 
Matthews has frequently been solicited by Eastern firms for permission 
to include certain of his productions in books of poetical compilation,, 
and in one of the choicest of these compilations, shortly to be issued 
by Mr. Oscar Fay Adams, of Cambridge, Mass., two of his poems wiU 
appear. The sweetness; tenderness and purity of Brother Mathews'^ 
lines, as well as their literary finish and artistic polish, will assure him 
a cultured and intelligent audience. We confidently predict that he 
will take a high rank among America's younger poets. In our January 
number we hope to publish a Delta Tau Delta song, which Brother 
Mathews has kindly consented to write for The Crescent. 


[Subscribers will please notice thaty for good and substantial reasons ^ the- 
Subscription Price of The Crescent has been raised from One Dollar to One 
Dollar and a Half per volume of nine numbers. Send remittances to the Editor- 
in-Chief by Postal Note or Money Order.] 

Elsewhere in this issue we notice at more or less length the recent 
efforts of the alumni of the fraternity in the varied field of literature ; 
and, with the aid of those of our readers whose opportunities for 
observing the literary labors of Delta Tau's alumni are better than our 
own, we hope to make reviews and notices of this character more than 
a mere occasional feature of this journal. We fully realize that but a 
small proportion of the work of our graduates comes under our notice, 
for a large amount of good work is being done by Delta Tau Delta, 
young though the majority of its members are. The fraternity maga- 
zine is the proper place to record the literary successes of the alumni. 
Glancing over the files of other similar magaazines, we cannot fail to 
be impressed with the small extent to which this department of the 
fraternity journal has heretofore been developed. Aside from The 
Crescent, The JStar and Crescent of Alpha Delta Phi, and, more 
recently, the Delta Kappa Epsilon Quarterly, are the only magazines. 


which have given this subject some attention, by making it the dis- 
tinctive feature of an occasional issue ; and yet there is scarcely a fra- 
ternity of established reputation which could not make a very credit- 
abje showing. We hope, therefore, that our readers will co-operate 
with the editors in making these reviews and notices of the works of 
the alumni of Delta Tau Delta a more pronounced feature of this 

We desire to draw the attention of our readers to the communica- 
tion, elsewhere in these columns, from our correspondent at Sigma, 
announcing the date and place of the Annual Conference of the First 
Division, the fourth of the series ; and we hope that the efforts of our 
chapter at Columbia College, under whose auspices the conference 
will be held, will be attended with all desired success. It is hardly 
necessary, at this time, to invite attention to the beneficent results 
which accrue to the fraternity from these Division Conferences. Their 
value is, perhaps, too well understood to require any comment here. 
At the risk, however, of repeating what may have been said upon pre- 
vious occasions, we desire to emphasize the statements of our corre- 
spondent, by briefly reviewing what seem to us the advantages of these 
Division Conferences. It is true that they cannot be primarily con- 
vened for business ; they constitute as yet no recognized feature in 
the organization of the fraternity, so far at least as the Constitution 
and laws are concerned ; yet they are none the less valuable adjuncts 
to the established methods of administration. They enable the chap- 
ters to compare notes, plans and projects ; to learn in a few hours the 
many little details which go to make up the methods of an active 
chapter ; they promote a better knowlege of the status of our sister 
fraternities at the several colleges, give rise to more liberal views, and 
serve to correct erroneous ideas which frequently obtain a footing 
where our chapters judge of a rival fraternity's standing elsewhere by 
its observations at its own college only. By bringing into contact 
large delegations from various colleges, the Division Conferences 
silently yet quite effectually tend to create a uniform standard of 
membership throughout the Division, — a result greatly to be desired. 
They serve to bring about a unity in plans for advancing the general 
interests of the fraternity ; to prepare drafts for projected legislation, 
and thus to some extent assist the work of the General Convention. 
They bring together large number^ of alumni and undergraduates, 


most of whom, f]X>m considerations of convenience, cannot meet with 
ihe fi*atemity at the General Convention ; to the alumni they often 
become the occasion for renewing old fraternity associations and of 
forming valuable professional acquaintances ; to the undergraduates 
they give an opportunity of meeting personally many alumni of their 
own and other chapters, men eminent in their professions and in the 
various walks of life. The active members of the fraternity are brought 
into personal contact with each other, all engaged with plans for their 
common interests, and are enabled to gather more suggestions, more 
information and more instruction in matters of fraternity policy, chap- 
ter enterprises and general college undertakings, than can be imparted 
by the most extensive system of correspondence. While we thor- 
oughly endorse the plan of holding these Division Conferences, we 
cannot forebear warning those upon whom their management devolves 
against indulging in undue extravagance in the way of public display. 
The Conference should not attempt to attain the same place in the 
mind of that part of the community which is more particularly inter- 
ested in college and fraternity affairs, which belongs to a general frater- 
nity convention. The latter must be conducted on a scale commensu- 
rate with the dignity and magnitude of a large fhitemity, so as to 
favorably impress the community in the midst of which it assembles. 
The official taxes of the fraternity, both upon chapters and individ- 
uals, are abundantly heavy at present, and should not be increased by 
new expenses beyond what is necessary to conduct these Conferences 
in a decent yet not extravagant manner. 

DuBiNQ the last week of 1859, Delta Tau Delta was ushered into 
•existence at Bethany College, under circumstances which did not then 
promise to favor its remarkable development into the vigorous and 
influential organization that it is to-day. Our founders, it may truly 
be said, '< builded better than they knew " when they laid the founda- 
tions of the Fraternity ; they never, even in their most sanguine hopes, 
expected to see the substantial superstructure which has been raised 
lupon the foundations which they provided, and with the materials which 
they had on hand. In the words of one of them, Bro. Hunt, borrowed 
from Horace, ^- exegi monumentum acre perennu" they may, indeed, feel 
pardonably proud of their work. The dates of the several meetings 
which led to the formation of the Fraternity are not known definitely 
At this time, and all but the main incidents of those days have been 


forgotten by the actors in those scenes. The records of that time 
were lost or destroyed during the stirring days of the Civil War, which 
led to the disbandment of the young society and the crippling of the 
college which had harbored it By common consent, therefore, the 
first of January, 1860, is recognized as the time ftt)m which the Delta 
Tau Delta Fraternity dates its existence. The first day of every new 
year, then, aside from its usual significance in men's affairs, is ever to 
be memorable as one of the red letter days in the history of our Fra- 
ternity. We hope that henceforth, now that Delta Tau Delta has 
entered well upon its second quarter-century, due cognizance will be 
taken by all of our chapters of the import of this day, and that some 
<jelebration or ceremony will be devised which would be appropriate 
to this occasion and make it what it should be, one of peculiar signifi- 
>cance among the customs and traditions of the Fraternity. Of the 
seven men whom Delta Tau Delta now honors and recognizes as her 
founders, five are still living. John L. N. Hunt is engaged in the practice 
of the law and takes a prominent part in the councils of the republican 
party in New York City. William R. Cunningham and Alexander C. 
Earle are active in the ministry of the Disciple Church, the former at 
Odessa, Mo., the latter at Arkadelphia, Ark. J. S. Low is professor 
in the State Normal School, Geneva, Ohio, and Eugene Tarr is prac- 
ticing law at Wellsburgh, W. Va. To all of them Delta Tau Delta, in 
addition to the usual compliments of the season, sends greeting as the 
honored fathers of the Fraternity. In their health and prosperity we 
shall always feel a deep and lasting interest, and we trust that a good 
Providence will grant this to them for a time much beyond the average 
life of man. 


Copiss of the fifth General (first Biographical) Catalogue of the 
Delta Tau Delta Fraternity, 8vo, 392 pp., bound in cloth, boards, at 
$3.25, by mail, post paid, can be obtained upon application to the 
-catalogue agent, A. P. TRAUTWEIN, Hoboken, N. J. 

The Fourth Annual Conference of the First Grand Division, will 
be held in New York City, on the 22nd day of February, 1886, under 
the auspices of Chapter Sigma. 


Zl)c (Breeft Morlb* 

The late Vice-President, Thomas A. Hendricks, was a mem- 
ber of the class of 1841, at Hanover College. There was no 
fraternity at Hanover until many years after his college days 
were over. The officiating clergymen at his funeral, held in 
Indianapolis, December 1, 1885, were Bishop Knickerbocker, 
W Tf and the Kev. Dr. Jenckes, jd 0. The Supreme Court 
was represented by Mr. Justice Blatchford, A A ^^ and Mr. Jus- 
tice Matthews, B & II. The fraternity men among the members 
of the Cabinet present were Mr. Secretary Whitney, W T\ Mr. 
Secretary Lamar, 2 A Ey and Postmaster General Vilas, ^ J 0. 
Among the Senators were Mr. Allison, A A 0\ General Harri- 
son, ^ J 0; Mr. Palmer, X W\ ex-Go vemor Vance, ^7^ J, 
and Mr. Voorhees, B Q II, Among the members of Congress 
were General Browne, A T A \ Mr. Bynum, B @ n\ Major 
Cobb, :2 X ; Colonel Herbert, A K E ', Judge Holman, A &:, 
Colonel Mat son, B G 11] ex-Minister Phelps, W T; Mr. 
Springer, B Q 11^ and Judge Ward, ^ A &. Among the pall- 
bearers were Governor Gray, 2 X ; Mayor McMaster, A T A^ 
and Judge Woods, ^ A G. Captain (Jurtis, A T Aj commanded 
the Indianapolis Light Artillery, which fired the salute at Crown 
Hill Cemetery. 

The a @ Chapter, at the University of the South, still 
continues the initiation of purely honorary members. In the 
October Scroll the correspondent of that fraternity announces 
the initiation of Professor G. White, a graduate of Harvard, 
and Professor of the English Language and Literature ; and 
in the November number follows this up with the announce- 
ment that Dr. J. W. S. Arnold, Professor of Geology and 
Chemistry, had been admitted to membership. The belief had 
been growing upon us that in these days no reputable fraternity 
persists in going beyond the ranks of the undergraduates for 
additions to its membership, preferring to build up its own 


promineDt men from the material now to be found in our col- 
leges ; at all events, Delta Tau Delta has long ago conclusively 
legislated upon this subject. We confess to a feeling of surprise 
that Phi Delta Theta still runs in the old rut, now so generally 

The Fifty-ninth Annual Convention of J ^ was held in New 
York, November 25, 26 and 27, under the auspices of the 
Columbia Chapter, which numbers among its members, past and 
present, Delafields, Livingstons, Rhinelanders, Suydams, Van 
Cortlandts, Astors, Leroys, Van Rensselaers, Cuttings, Boek- 
mans, Kemochans, Edgars, and many others well known in 
New York. Delegates were present from each of the ten chap- 
ters. A dinner was held at the Brunswick, between eighty and 
ninety being present. Provision was made by the Convention 
for the establishment of alumni chapters in several cities. 

The Thirty-ninth Annual Convention of © J X was held in 
New York November 18, 19 and 20. The Convention was very 
successful, — over fifty delegates, representing sixteen colleges, 
being in attendance. The Shield^ the organ of the society, will 
be published hereafter in New York. At the banquet, covers 
were laid for seventy-five, and many of the most prominent 
alumni were present. The next Convention will be held in 
Boston, in November, 1886, under the auspices of the Bowdoin 
Chapter. The Convention of '85 was directed by the Hamilton 

I At the University of Georgia the fraternities have lately 
bound themselves not to enter into any combinations for politi- 
cal purposes during the present college year. A similar 
arrangement was agreed upon last year ; and its renewal would 
seem to establish the feasibility of doing away with one of the 
strongly-urged objections to the fraternity system. 

William T. Reid, late President of the University of Cali- 
fornia, is a Beta Theta Pi ; his name is also found in the catalogue 
of Zeta Psi, as of Harvard, '68 ; Rev. Day O. Kellogg, orator 
of the Baltimore Convention of 5 77, 1881, is also a J X, 
Hobart, '57. 


The Annual Convention of Chi Phi was held in New York, 
November 18 and 19. Fifty-four delegates from twenty-two 
chapters were present. On the evening of the 19th, the dele- 
gates and resident alumni, to the number of about one hundred, 
enjoyed the annual banquet, at the Hotel Brunswick. 

B & n has at last established a chapter at the Ohio State 
University, by absorbing the local Phi Alpha. The chapter was 
established December 11, 1885. 

^ r A has established a chapter at the University of Michi- 
gan, with twelve charter members, five of whom were already 
members of the fraternity. 

The members of the Phi Gamma Delta Fraternity, resident 
in New York, had their Annual Banquet, at the Hotel Bruns- 
wick, on November 20. 

A KE has re-organized her chapter at the University of 
Alabama, twenty men being enrolled as charter members. 

Julian Hawthorne delivered the address at the Chicago 
Reunion of Delta Kappa £psilon, on November 30. 

Prof. Wm. Latham, lately called to a chair in the University 
of Mississippi, is a $ JT ¥^ 

The badge of -^ X i2 is a golden lyre, and her colors are 
scarlet and bronze green. 

The fraternities at Vanderbilt University will this year pub- 
lish an annual. 

K 2 has established a chapter at Purdue. 


Blumni of Belta Zm Belta. 

Phi — Hanover. 

'81, Clarence E. Brandt was ordained to the diaconate in the 
Protestant Episcopal Church, by Bishop Knickerbocker, in St. 
Mark's Church, Lima, Ind., May 21, 1885. 

'85, J. Story H. Goodykontz, is Deputy Recorder of Madison 
County, Ind. 

'85, James H. Hamilton is in the Third National Bank at 
Greensburg, Ind. 

'85, Lum E. Melcher, is Principal of the High School at 
Vevay, Ind. 

'85, Robert H. Olmsted is attending the Law School of the 
University of Cincinnati. 

Alpha — Allegheny. 

'77, L. E. Fuller, the popular secretary of the Bradford (Pa.) 
Oil Exchange, and Miss Kate M. Groves, were married recently 
in Bradford. 

'78, James Doughty is practicing law in Cedar Rapids, Iowa. 

'79, Rev. C. B. Mitchell, delivered a lecture, entitled, "What 
will Mrs. Grundy say ?" before the M. E. Assembly of Kansas, 
at Bismai'ck Grove, on June 18. The daily organ of the assem- 
bly pronounced the lecture a decided success, and Bro. Mitchell 
"a fine speaker, eloquent and witty, and a perfect master of 

'80, Sol. Chryst is practicing law at Warren, Ohio. 

'80, C. A. Ensign and and Miss Jennie Jacobs were united in 
marriage at Youngstown, Ohio, on October 1. 

'80, Rev. C. K Locke, at the East Ohio Conference, was 
returned to Garrettsville. 

'81, J. R. Andrews is practicing law at Meadville, Pa. 

'81, J. A. Wann is one of the most promising lawyers at the 
Canton, O., bar. 


'87, W. G. Power is deputy sheriff for Crawford Co., with 
headquarters at Meadville, Fa. 

'87, E. Merrick is teaching school at Tunnel, Jackson Co., 
N. C. 

'86, C. B. Kistler has gone into the carriage, wagon and har- 
ness business at Warren, O. 

'84, R. S. Tate is assistant bookkeeper with the Westing- 
house Air Brake Co., Allegheny City, Pa. 

'83, W. C. Fish is employed by the Meadville Glass Co. 

'79, C. H. Bruce is giving good satisfaction as a Reverend at 
Union City, Fa. 

'78, O. F. Nodine is traveling abroad for study and enjoy- 

'76, C. T. Newlon is in the oil business at Washington, Fa. 

■'72, J. D. McCoy is in the oil business at Oil (Sty, Pa. 

'84, Ed. Hughes is deputy prothonotary of Venango Co., 
with headquarters at Franklin, Fa. 

Beta Beta — DePauw. 

'76, — At the meeting of the South-east Indiana Conference, 
at Brookville, in September, the Rev. Femandes C. HoUiday, 
D.D., was stationed at Rushville, and the Rev. Virgil W. 
Tevis, '78, was stationed at Columbus. The Rev. Dr. Holliday 
was also re-elected a Trustee of DePauw University — a position 
which he has held for almost forty years, he now being the senior 
member of the board. 

'85, Samuel E. Crose is studying medicine with Dr. Gonsalvo 
C. Smythe, in Greencastle. 

'85, W. Boyd Johnson is Instructor in Physics in the Indian- 
apolis High School. He was married in Greencastle, August 6, 
1885, to Miss Ida R V. Paxton, A.B. (DePauw, '80). 

'85, Oliver M. Matson has been elected Assistant Librarian 
of DePauw University, and entered upon his duties at the open- 
ing of the college year. 

'73, The Rev. John Clark Mahin, a clergyman in the North 
Indiana Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church, died of 
consumption at his home in Battle Ground, Ind., February 6, 


1885. He was bom a few miles from the place of his death, 
August 26, 1833. 

'85, Charles F. Neufer is studying law with the Hon. John 
H. Barker, at Goshen, Ind. 

'86, Robert P. A. Berryman is a member of the senior class 
at Wabash College, and will graduate there in June. 

'87, Edgar W. Chittenden is clerking in the Bowen-Merrill 
Company's book store, Indianapolis. 

'80, Married, Wednesday evening, December 2, 1885, at the 
Presbyterian Church, Somerset, Ky., Miss Flonnie C. Hall to 
Mr. William A. Morrow. 

'86, Henry McEnery, a son of ex-Gov. McEnory, of Louisi- 
ana, is practicing medicine in New Orleans. 

'83, John J. Collins is studying law at the University of 

Mu — Ohio Wesleyan. 

'70, Ed. D. Curtis has removed to No. 71 North Eighth St., 
Portland Oregon. 

'70, Kev. Washington Gardner, pastor of the First Church, 
Jackson, delivered an admirable address at the Grant Memorial 
Services in the M. E. Church at Ionia, August 2, which he 
repeated at Jackson, on the day of the funeral obsequies, August 
-8. The address was published in full in the daily papers, and 
has since been issued in pamphlet form. 

'71, Prof. Justin N. Study represented Indiana in the 
Supreme Council of the Koyal Arcanum, at Buffalo, in June. 
He has been re-elected Superintendent of the Public Schools at 
Richmond, Ind., with an increased salary. 

'72, President William H. Sweet, of Baker University, re- 
ceived the degree of D.D., from Chaddock College, last com- 

'72, D. Y. Murdoch for some time has been secretary of the 
East Ohio Conference. 

'71, L. M. Davis, of the Cincinnati Conference, is moved to 

'72, G. W. Dubois, Cincinnati Conference, is stationed at 
Hamilton, Ohio. 


'74, B. F. Dimmick has received an appointment to one of 
the finest charges in the Cincinnati Conference, — Grace Church, 
Dayton, Ohio. 

'82, at Washington C. H., Ohio, on the evening of October 
28, T. W. Marchant and Miss Anna V. Dahl were united in 

'82, At McArthur, Ohio, October 26, occurred the marriage 
of B. F. McElfresh and Miss Alice L. Fenton. 

'85, A. B. Austin is attending Drew Theological Seminary. 

'85, £. H. Anderson is studying law, Emporia, Kansas. 

'85, M. M. Elliott is studying law, Bellevue, Ohio. 

'85, D. H. Holmes is Principal of High School, SheflSeld^ 

'85, E. B. Lease is professor in Little Rock University, Little 
Eock, Ark. 

'72, Governor-elect Foraker, of Ohio, has selected General 
Henry A. Axline, of Zanesville, O., for Adjutant-General of the 
state of Ohio. General Axline was Assistant Adjutant-General 
during Governor Foster's administration. 

Kappa — Hillsdale. 

'85, John F. Thompson is an instructor in the High School 
at ilichmond, Indiana. Prof. Justin N. Study (Mu '71) is 
superintendent of schools in that city. Albert B. Porter (Rho 
'83) is also an instructor in the High School there. 

'70, The Rev. Benjamin F. Newton is the rector of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church of the Good Shepherd, St. Louis, 

'85, Jos. Cummins, with headquarters at Chicago, is in the 
employ of Harper Bros., New York, introducing school text 

'86, Married — At Kalamazoo, November 1, Bro. F. W. 
Corbett, principal of the Reading, Mich., schools, and Miss 
Allie Cushman, of Petoskey. 

'87, E. L. Mills is the assistant of L. E. Dow, '87, in the 
Homer, Mich., schools. 

'85, Frank Smith, to whom at graduation the mathematical 


prize was awarded, has been retained in Hillsdale College, a& 
assistant in the department of mathematics. 

'84, O. W. Waldron is for the second year the popular pastor 
at Marion, O. 

'84, C. E. Root is studying law in Hillsdale. 

'69, Carleton's " City Ballads " were issued from the press of 
thi Harpers in August, and have received a warm and favorable 
greeting by almost the entire newspaper press. 

'73, Rev. L. A. Crandall, of New York, acted as Assistant 
Clerk of the New York Southern Baptist Association, at its 
meeting in that city on October 6-8, 1885. 

'83, Ed. F. Parmelee is editor of The Charlevoix Sentinel^ 
Charlevoix, Mich. He is joint proprietor of the paper under 
the firm of Smith & Parmelee. 

Sigma — Columbia. 

'82, John B. Lynch is a senior in the New York University 
Medical School. 

'83, Edward W. Clarke, A.B., A.M., is a senior in the Medi- 
cal Department of Columbia College. 

'83, Edward H. Apgar, A.B., A.M., Ph.D., LL.B., was ad- 
mitted to the bar by the Supreme Court last April. 

'83, E. H. P. Squire, A.B., LL.B., is an attorney and coun- 
sellor in White Plains. 

'83, F. F. Martinez, Jr., will soon open an oflBce as an archi- 
tect in New York. 

'84, C. C. Davis is an attorney in Rochester. 

'84, L. S. Berheimer is an attorney and counsellor in New 
York city. 

'84, Fred. E. Buckingham, C.E., is an engineer in the Brook- 
lyn Water Works. 

'84, Christopher B. Carter, A.B., is in a real estate office at 
111 Broadway, New York. 

'84, Charles B. Rowland, C.E., and Sam G. Tibbals, C.E.^ 
are with the Continental Iron Works, Brooklyn, L. I. 

'85, James Walden Cleland is an attorney and counsellor in 
New York. 


Beta Theta — University of the South. 

'86, Rev. N. B. Harris is preaching at Madison, Fla. He 
lias lately been in charge of one of the largest churches in 

'84, R M. W. Black is in the class of '89 at West Point. 

'85, Rev. H. O. Riddel is in charge of the mission at Cnm- 
herland Furnace, Tenn. He has a flourishing mission there, and 
is, we understand, a great favorite with his congregation. 

'85, Rev. Rowland Hale is assisting Rev. W. G. G. Thomp- 
son at Fayetteville, Tenn., and other adjacent points, in an 
extensive mission work. 

'83, C. P. Matthews is in the cotton business at Atlanta, Gta. 

Nu Prime — Indiana University. 

'84, William A. Johnson is the junior member of the firm of 
Oyler & Johnson, attorneys at law, Franklin, Ind. 

'74, George W. Wiggs may be found either at 309 Royal 
Insurance Building, or at 1432 Michigan avenue, Chicago. He 
recently purchased Th^ Chioago Current^ the leading literary 
paper of the West. 

'72, The Indicmapolia Journal^ speaking of the Congressional 
delegation from Indiana to the Forty-ninth Congress, says : 
" Gen. Thomas M. Browne, by his long experience in Congress, 
his age and preeminent ability as a lawyer and statesman, of 
course stands out most conspicuously in the delegation." 

'72, The Hon. James A. Wildman, who from 1881 to 1886 
was the Postmaster of Indianapolis, is now the Business Manager 
of The Indianapolis Journal. 

Gamma — Washington and Jefferson. 

'62, Dr. R. S. Sutton, of Pittsburg, was elected President of 
the American Academy of Medicine at the annual meeting held 
in New York recently. 

'79, Married, October 15, 1885, at the home of the bride's 
parents in Louisville, Ky., by the Rev. Dr. Perkins, Rector of 
St. Paul's Protestant Episcopal Church, Miss Carrie Baxter, 


-daughter of ex-Mayor Baxter, of Louisville, to Mr. Charles W. 

'83, C. B Reid is attending Columbia Law School, Now York. 

'84, A. W. Kennon is attending the Cincinnati Law School. 

Rho — Stevens. 

'76, James E. Denton is a member of the firm of Jones, 
Denton & Co., contractors under O'Brien cfe Clark's contract on 
the new Croton Aqueduct, North Yonkers, N. Y. He has been 
requested to deliver one of a series of lectures before the Frank- 
lin Institute, Philadelphia, this winter, and has chosen for his 
subject "Some Practical Examples of the Conservation of 
Energy." He will deliver the lecture some time during Feb- 

'75, T. F. Koeszly is with Jones, Denton & Co., North Yon- 
kers, N. Y. 

'76, William Kent was Chairman of the Local Committee 
which managed the very successful meeting of the American 
Society of Mechanical Engineers at Atlantic City, N. J. He 
delivered the President's Address before the Alumni Associa- 
tion of the Stevens Institute of Technology, in June, choosing 
for his subject, " Engineering as a Profession." It was printed 
in Vcm Nastrcmd^a Eclectic Engineermg Magazine for August. 
At the Ann Arbor meeting of the American Association for the 
Advancement of Science, in August, he was elected Secretary of 
Section D, that of Mechanical Science. He is Secretary and 
-General Manager of the United States Torsion Balance and Scale 
Company, 92 Keade street. New York. 

'76, A. W. Stahl, conjointly with Mr. Arthur T. Woods, As- 
sistant Engineer U. S. N., has recently published his book, enti- 
tled "Elementary Mechanism : A Textbook for Students in Me- 
chanical Engineering." 

'77, F. B. Idell is temporarily acting as Instructor in Mathe- 
matics at the Stevens Institute of Technology. 

'77, John Rapelje is General Roadmaster of the Denver, 
South Park & Pacific Railroad, with headquarters at Denver, Col. 

'80, George M. Bond was elected Fellow of the American 


Association for the Advancement of Science, at its Ann Arbor 
meeting, and is the youngest Fellow, but one, of that Association. 
He will read a paper on "Standards for Pipe Threads" at the 
Boston meeting of the American Society of Mechanical Engi- 

'81, Charles A, Gifford is an architect in Newark, N. J., and 
is building up a good practice. 

'82, Will L. Breath is draughting for Mr. A. Gary Smith, of 
New York, the designer of the well-known yacht, '' Priscilla." 

'83, Malcom McNaughton has a position with William Kent^ 
'76, in the U. S. Torsion Balance and Scale Co., New York. 

'83, During the past six months Joseph E. Steward has beent 
inspecting bridge material for the Pittsburgh, Cincinnati & St. 
Louis Kailroad Company. His duties took him to the Mills at 
Pittsburgh, Pottstown and Pottsville, Pa. He is now at the 
Union Bridge Company's Works, at Buffalo, N. Y. 

'84, J. A. Bensel became a junior member of the American 
Society of Civil Engineers during June. 

'84, E. H. Foster, Kenneth Torrance and C. W. Whiting 
became junior members of the American Society of Mechanical 
Engineers at the Atlantic City meeting. 

'84, William L. Lyall is with the firm of J. & W. Lyall, New- 
York, manufacturers of the Lyall Positive Motion Loom. 

'85, A. G. Glasgow, just before his graduation, entered the 
employ of the United Gas Improvement Company, of Philadel- 
phia, of which A. C. Humphreys, '81, is Gen'l Superintendent. 

'85, E. H. Kice is in the shops of the Pittsburgh, Cincinnati 
& St. Louis Railroad, at Denison, Ohio. 

'88, George Phipps is clerk in a broker's office, at 53 Ex- 
change Place, New York. 

Iota — Michigan State College. 

'73, During 1885 Prof. R. C. Carpenter contributed a series 
of articles on " Practical Farm Drainage" to The Sural New 

'73, John P. Finley's "Tornado Studies for 1884" was re- 
cently published by the Signal Bureau at Washington. 


'73, Benjamin T. Halstead is Prosecuting Attorney for Mani- 
ton County, Mich., and Supervisor of Emmet County. 

'74, Henry A. Haigh has recently published his ''Handbook 
•of the Law and Manual of Forms." He is a practicing lawyer 
in Detroit, Mich.; was Assistant Secretary of the Republican 
State Convention of 1885, and is President of the Michigan 
Olub of Detroit. 

'75, O. E. Angstman was poet at the Triennial Meeting of the 
Alumni Association of the State College, his subject being ''An 
Epic of '61." 

'75, W. L. Carpenter is a member of the law firm of Case & 
Carpenter, Buhl Block, Detroit, Mich. 

'75, Rev. Robert Gardner Baird, Secretary of the State Board 
•of Agriculture, and for many years intimately indentified with 
the interests of the State Agricultural College, died on August 
4, 1885, at Lansing, Mich. 

'76, H. S. Hampton is a lawyer at Alban, Idaho, and Prose- 
•cuting Attorney of Casca County. 

'77, Arthur B. Peebles is a Congregational minister at Salt 
Lake City, Utah. 

'77, James A. Porter is a lawyer in Greeley, Colorado. 

'78, Eugene Davenport read the "History" at the Triennial 
Meeting of the Alumni of tlie Michigan State College in August. 

'78, C. E. Herrington is now Prosecuting Attorney for Oak- 
land County, Mich. 

'79, Roderick B. Norton is farming near Arkansas City, Kan. 

'80, Cyrus T. Crandall is Assistant Prosecuting Attorney for 
Marquette County, at Marquette, Mich. 

'81, Byron S. Palmer is a dentist in Chicago, 111. 

'81, Ambrose E. Smith is a practicing physician at New Buf- 
falo, Mich. 

'83, Herbert W. Collingwood is now on the editorial staff of 
The Rural New JhrJcer. He was the author of the prize story 
in The Evening News^ Detroit, 1881, his subject being "An 
Easter Offering." Also of "Christmas at Cooney Camp," pub- 
lished in The Detroit Evening New%^ 1882, and republished in 
the following year in Edward Everett Hale's "Christmas in a 


Palace." In 1884 he was Poet of the Mississippi Press Associ- 
ation ; his poem, ''The Editor's Girl," has been extensively 
printed throughout the South." 

Sigma Second — Mount Union. 

'78, Married, in Terre Haute, Ind., Miss Virginia Thompson^ 
daughter of Col. Kichard W. Thompson, ex-Secretary of the 
Navy, to Mr. David W. Henry. 

'78, H. J. Hays is a prominent lawyer of the firm of Hays & 
Hays, at Sullivan, Ind. 

Beta — Ohio University. 

'66, Benjamin F. Drury, it now appears, died some ten years 
ago at Kansas City, Mo., where he was connected with The 
Times^ — on its editorial staff. 

'69, William S. Eversole was reelected Superintendent of 
Public Schools, Wooster, Ohio, for a term of three years from 
September 1, 1885. 

'73, Dr. Kichard Gundy was present at the annual meeting 
of the Association of Charities and Correction, held at Washing- 
ton, D. C, some time ago. 

Theta— Bethany. 

'82, Eev. H. K. Pendleton resigned as pastor of the Central 
Christian Chapel, New Albany, Ind., and left Nov. 3, to accept 
that of the Hazelwood Christian Church, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

'81, T. H. Stucky, M.D., delivered the opening address at 
the Female School of Pharmacy, Louisville, Ky. 

'73, W. C. Buchanan, who shares with Bro. Weems the 
honor of founding The Crescent, has removed from Fargo, Dak.^. 
to Minneapolis, Kan. 

'85, F. M. Dowling is teaching at Mt. Healthy, O. 

'85, A. D. Dowling is at Alliance, O. * 

'85, Gov. Smith is in business at Platte City, Mo. 

'85, D. S. Gay is now at his home in Winchester, Ky. 


Cbapter letters* 

Xi — Simpson. 

We take pleasure in introducing to the Delta world our latest 
addition, Bro. T. N. Franklin, '89, of Manteno, Iowa. This 
makes us seven strong, enthusiastic actives. In addition to this 
we have nine alumni, also Bro. A. V. Proudfoot, ex-'87, resid- 
ing in the city, who take a lively interest in the chapter, and not 
unfrequently favor us with their presence. Bro. W. T.. Morris, 
'89, was compelled to leave college a few weeks since, by reason 
of poor health. Our Chapter Hall, in the Buxton Block, sports 
an elegant new sign on its front, a large badge of the fraternity 
painted in gilt and black. We acknowledge the pleasure of a 
short visit from Bro. H. B. Lowrie, '85, of Beta Iota, recently. 
He waif returning to his home in Elgin, 111., and stopped off for 
a few hours with us. Bros. Ashby, Kennedy, Conrad and 
Wright have been other recent visitors. 

Of our rivals, the tendency of the Phi Kappa Psi has always 
been toward a large chapter. At present they have an active 
membership of twenty. The growth of the Alpha Tau Omega 
is characterized by conservatism ; they number four. Our own 
policy has been to maintain a moderately small chapter of 
select men ; believing that in this way we can accomplish better 

Beta Kappa — University of Colorado. 

We have the pleasure of introducing to the Delta world Bro. 
C. H. Pierce, '87, of Boulder. We expect to initiate another 
man at our next meeting. This will make the number of our 
active members eight. We have put new curtains, table and 
other fdrniture in our chapter hall, and are improving its ap- 
pearance as fast as we are able. Bro. Stanton came up from 
Denver to attend our last meeting to see that Bro. Pierce was 
properly treated. Bro. Noxon has been detained by iUness at 
his home in Idaho Springs, but expects to return soon. Bro. 


W. J. Thomas returned from Germany in October, and spent a 
few days with his friends in Boulder. 

Sigma — Columbia. 

Singe my last letter Sigma has taken from the Glass of '87 
another brother in the person of Mr. A. L. Bums, of Brooklyn, 
N. Y. Bro. Bums is Vice President of the Class of '87 in the 
School of Mines. The necessary work for the publication of 
Ths Cohimbiad and The Miner of this year is now being pushed 
vigorously forward. These annuals are being published by the 
junior classes in the Schools of Arts and Mines, TJie Columhiad 
belonging to the Arts, and The Miner to the Mines. They will 
appear about the 1st of February. In each will be published a 
-complete list of the fraternities represented at Columbia, with 
the names of the men in each fraternity chapter. 

The next Conference of the First Division will be held in 
New York City on February 22, 1886, under the auspices of 
Chapter Sigma. Bro. Will Carleton will preside. The arrange- 
ments are not yet completed, but as soon as they are they will 
be published. If members of the fraternity who are attending 
professional schools in New York or vicinity, or any others who 
may be in the city at that time, will send their addresses to the 
Chapter Secretary of Sigma, they will receive full notice of the 
Arrangements when complete. Last year's Conference was well 
attended, and was a success. It is hoped that each member in 
the First Division, who possibly can, will this year avail himself 
of this opportunity of becoming acquainted with his brother 
Deltas, and of aiding in the transaction of important business 
likely to come before the Conference. 



^r^(' L7£^ 



VOL. IX. JANUARY, 1886. NO. IV. 


Delta Gamma Anchor a. 

Nbaslt one hundred years after the establishment of the 
first college secret society by gentlemen, four young ladies at 
Asbury University, Greencastle, Ind., realized the advantages, 
and feeling the need of such a society for themselves, founded 
the first chapter of the Kappa Alpha Theta Fraternity. Other 
ladies have followed the initiative taken by them, until there are 
now in existence nine ladies' fraternities, of greater or less note. 
Next in order of seniority come Kappa Kappa Gamma and Delta 
Oamma. Kappa Alpha Theta has extended its boundaries until 
it now includes twelve chapters (possibly more), and a member- 
ship of more than five hundred. Although it has a few honorary 
members, it does not encourage their admission. Kappa Kappa 
Gamma has been one of the most successful and prosperous of 
the ladies' fraternities. Originating at Monmouth, 111., in 
October, 1870, it has continued to grow until it has now a list of 
chapters numbering at least eighteen, and a membership of 
about one thousand. With justifiable pride its members point 
to Mrs. Mary A. Livermore as an honorary member of their fra- 
ternity. Delta Gamma, the youngest of these three, first existed 
as a fraternity in 1874. It now includes twelve active chapters 
and about three hundred members. As is natural, the relative 
strength and members of these three fraternities is somewhat 
proportional to the number of conventions held. The conven- 
tions of Kappa Kappa Gamma have been seven in number, of 
Kappa Alpha Theta five, and of Delta Gamma tliree. 


Two of the ladies' societies, believing that the eternal fitness 
of things oaght to be maintained, have consistently designated 
themselves a sorority and sorosis respectively. The first of these, 
Gamma Phi Beta, v^ith four charter members, was established 
at Syracuse University in 1874, and up to this time has confined 
itself to large and well-known institutions, having, as yet, how- 
ever, only two charters — one at Syracuse, N. Y., and the other 
at Ann Arbor, Mich. Its present membership is about eighty. 
Of the origin of the society calling itself a sorosis we have no 
definite knowledge, but learn from one of its recent publications 
that it has a chapter roll of fourteen, and held its eighth national 
convention last year. The society is called the I. C, and evi- 
dently includes in its membership many talented young ladies. 

Another society, whose policy has been to confine itself to 
the larger schools, was founded at the Syracuse University in 
1872, with five charter members. This society, known as the 
Alpha Phi, placed its second chapter at Northwestern Univer- 
sity, Evanston, 111., and at last ac^count had a total membership 
of about one hundred and thirty. Miss Frances Willard, the 
well-known temperance lecturer, is one of its members. 

Of the remaining societies we know but little. The Alpha 
Beta Tau is a ladies' society of two chapters, both in Oxford, 
Miss. The Sigma Kappa is a ladies' society founded at Colby 
University in 1874, and the Phi Alpha Psi is a society recently 
founded at Meadville, Pa. As it frequently occurs that two or 
more of these societies are situated in the same school, there is 
often a local rivalry between them, especially as to honor and 
standing in the college, and gaining desirable members. This 
rivalry may exist so that no hard feeling results, and each soci- 
ety, having the stimulus of the others, may increase its activity 
and powers. On the contrary, the spirit of rivalry may be car- 
ried to such an extent that bitter enmities and hatreds are 
incurred. When this is the case the true spirit of any fraternity 
is violated, and chapters conducting themselves in such a man- 
ner had better be abolished at once, than live to disgrace the 
name of frdtemity. 

At a college where two or more ladies' fraternities exist, 


and the college and social life is entirely harmonious, the ques- 
tion is sometimes asked by outsiders, " Why do not these socie- 
ties unite and form one stronger body ? " The answer may be 
usually given that the founders of these chapters were ladies of 
different social tastes and habits, and in their selection of mem- 
bers afterward, have chosen such as were congenial and similar 
to themselves. A remark recently made by a young gentleman in 
our own college illustrates more forcibly than elegantly, perhaps, 
the strong individuality of each fraternity. The remark was, 
*'I can tell an xy z girl as far as I can see her."" 

Another question pix)pounded by outsiders is, " Why are 
not all college girls members of fraternities^'' We would an- 
swer this question by dividing the non-fraternity members into 
four classes. First, intelligent, agreeable young ladies, who, 
though they have had invitations, do not care to join a frater- 
nity. Second, intelligent young ladies who lack the requisite 
social qualities of a fraternity member. Third, young ladies 
who ai*e agreeable, and perhaps talented in some directions, who 
are still not up to the intellectual standard. Fourth, and a rare 
class in college, young ladies who, though they might have 
other qualifications, are wanting in principle. It is a self-evident 
fact that any one of these would be out of place in a fraternity, 
and that it would be neither for their own benefit or pleasure, 
nor that of the chapter, to join them. Consequently there is no 
valid reason for any one not a member of a fraternity to feel 
either grieved or slighted on that account. We, each and all, 
owe allegiance and friendship to the fraternity and sisters to 
whom we belong, but none the less do we owe love and helpful- 
ness to all our sisters, whether or not in the bounds of the same 
narrow society. It is well that the standard of all ladies' frater- 
nities is high, for though their influence is measured in some 
degree by what they say and do, it is far more definitely and 
exactly measured by what they are. 

[A Xfl was recently organized by ladies of the De Pauw 
Music College, and £1 T X, another new ladies' fraternity, has 
appeared at the Ohio University. — EnrroR Crescent.] 



Phi Kappa Psi Shield. 

The great aim of every ambitious sub-Fresliman coming to 
Yale — an aim based upon the representations of all his Yale 
friends, graduate and undergraduate, is to be elected to one of 
the two Senior societies when he shall have attained to the dig- 
nity of a Senior. Men strive for an election as being an honor 
higher than any other they can obtain during their course ; and 
happy is he whose desires are realized, and who is invited to 
wear the badge of ''Skull and Bones," or "Scroll and Key." 
No other American college has anything approaching these Sen- 
ior societies of Yale, and the ''Bones" and "Keys" men — as 
they are called in college vernacular — are representatives of a 
truly unique system. It is, indeed, sui generis. The older of 
the two societies, and generally considered the more desirable, 
is " Bones."' Founded at Yale in 1832, its true origin is shrouded 
in mystery. Tradition has it that it is an off-shoot of a similar 
society in a German University, and that these two chapters are 
the only two in existence. The numerals 322, which occur on 
the society cut, are popularly supposed to refer to 322 B. C, 
and, according to the author of "Four Years at Yale," are con- 
nected with the names of Alexander or Demosthenes. What- 
ever these reverend gentlemen may have had to do with the 
origin of "Bones," fades off into the realms of the fantastically 
visionary, but the awe possessed by the "Bones" men for their 
society is prodigious. The "Keys" society was founded in 
1841, and has no current mystery attaching to its origin. Itwas 
patterned after " Bones " from the start, and at first was consid- 
ered a very insignificant rival ; but to-day it is looked upon as 
almost equal. The "Bones" men, as a rule, are elected for 
prominence in athletics, scholarship, or for some other distinc- 
tion ; but the "Keys" men — although tliis element is not neg- 
lected — are elected with great regard for their good fellowship, 
and are, as a rule, a jollier set. The membership in either society 
is limited to fifteen. On the afternoon upon which the elections 


are given out, a great crowd of collegians — some lioping for elec- 
tion and the greater some simply present as spectators — is assem- 
bled in the quadrangle in front of Durfee, the principal building 
of the Academic department. The windows are filled with stu- 
dents and their lady friends, invited to see the customary pro- 
cedure. At length two men — members of the two societies — 
come in absolute silence into the quadrangle and mingle with 
the crowd, each seeking his man. Their solemn visages are not 
moved by the facetious remarks made by the spectators in order 
to break their solemnity. When each has found his man, he 
claps him on the shoulder and follows him at once to his room. 
Arrived there, after the usual question and reply — "Are we 
alone I" "We are" — the Senior informs the Junior that he 
has been elected to the ''Bones" or ''Keys." If he accepts, 
the member at once returns to his hall to inform his society of 
the result. After them in order come two other men into the 
crowd and take with them their men — and so on until each mem- 
ber of the society has taken his man, and the fifteen are made 
up. All this is conducted on the part of the Senior society men 
with unbroken silence, while the crowd in the quadrangle cheers 
or expresses quiet dissatisfaction as the men elected happen to 
be considered worthy or unworthy. It is said the "Keys" men 
know previous to their coming into the quadrangle that they will 
be selected; but the aspirant to "Bones" is in painful and 
expectant doubt until he is made certain one way or the other on 
that afternoon. The initiation takes place a few days afterward. 
An amusing reverence is possessed by society men for any- 
thing appertaining in any way to their society or its customs. 
When at the door of their hall or within the shadow of its 
sacred walls, a member will not speak to his best friend. The 
badge worn conspicuously on the neck-tie, often causes remark 
by persons not understanding its significance ; but a "Bones" 
or " Keys " man is aflfected with sudden deafness when addressed 
on such a point, and hastens to quit the uncomfortable presence 
of such enquirers. Instances are given of their ministering to 
flick brothers without noticing by slightest sign or signal the 
presence of his room-mate, who was not a member of the society. 


No alluBion is ever made to the society when in the hearing of 
anybody not a member, and absolute secrecy is maintained on 
all its actions. A third Senior society, known as the Wolfs- 
Head, was founded in 1883, but has not attained much prom- 
inence as yet. It possesses a Iiall of its own, and the member- 
ship is also limited to fifteen. 


Phi Delia Thtta Scroll. 

In 1835 the fraternity system was introduced into Ohio^ 
when A A ^ placed her second chapter at Miami. Prior to 188S 
Greek letter societies were unknown outside of Union and Ham- 
ilton colleges, N. Y. \xi that year K A entered Williams, in 
Mass., followed in 1834 by 2 ^. Ohio was the third State to- 
shelter the Greeks, and at the time there were but a total of 
eight chapters in existence.^ 

Thus we see the fraternity system is more venerable in th& 
Buckeye than in most Eastern States. 

For four years the Miami oi A A ^^ which had been estab- 
lished under the personal supervision of Samuel Eels, the original 
founder of that fraternity at Hamilton College, N. Y., was lone 
pioneer in the State. In 1839 it met a rival by the founding of 
JB © U. This was the first of the fraternities of western origin, 
and its organization was suggested to its founders by the pres- 
ence of Alpha Delta Phi. Since that time extension and multi- 
plication have gone on until now there has been established ia 
the State a total of over seventy chapters. 

Ohio is the third State in the Union as to population ; she- 
was the third one in whose borders fraternities established them- 
selves ; so also she stands third as to numbers of chapters 
established. New York and Pennsylvania surpassing her in the- 
order named. 

*Thi8 does Dot include the I K A (Roman letter society) at Trinity^ 
Conn. (1829), or the Williams chapter of A r (1884), which did not go under 
a Greek name until 1868, although an anti- secret confederation was formed 
in 1847. 


Two other fraternities were founded in the State, and they 
too sprang up at Miami, the mother of the system in the West. 
These were ^ J 6, in 1848 ; and later, in 1855, 2 X, whose- 
founders, six in number, withdrew from the chapter of ^ K E^ 
which had been established there in '52. 

In 1854 and 1860, S /^ X and W T, respectively, entered 
Kenyon. T^^ntil the opening of the war these were the only 
fraternities represented in the State, although in '55 ^ F J, 
founded at Jefferson (now Washington and Jefferson) College, 
Pennsylvania, placed her fifth chapter at Marietta College ; but 
it suspended almost immediately, and was not revived until '79. 

During and since the war others have entered the field and 
garrisoned themselves in the different institutions. Of the sev- 
enty chapters established, nearly sixty are active. Among these 
are seven chapters representing the ladies fraternities, K K r{2\ 
KA © (2), and J F (3) ; two prosperous locals, A 2 ^ and A I*\ 
at Marietta, and two chapters of the sophomore society G NE. 

Of western fraternities all are represented save ^ K 2. Of 
these B G n has seven chapters, ^ J six, ^ F A six, ATA 
six, 2 X four, and ^ K W four ; of eastern, A A ^ has two, 
A KE two, G A X one, W T one, Z W one ; X ^, of mingled 
n<Mthem, eastern and southern origin, two ; from the south, 
A T£l two, 2 AE one. 

The closing of the Miami brought death in the midst of life 
to the chapters there, but since the re-opening of the University 
9 A G has returned a chapter to the college which gave her 
birth, and others will probably follow. Her Wittenburg chap^ 
ter existed only from '52 to '54, and chances to revive have 
recently been discarded. The parent chapter of ^ X expired 
after a short existence of three years, while her Gamma (now 
Alpha), placed in the same year of her birth at Ohio Wesleyan, 
was last year killed by a decree of the faculty. It had a bril- 
liant career of over twenty years, but is now more honorable in 
its death than in the character it bore during the last few years 
of its existence. Western Keserve is not congenial to 9 F Aj 
and after a four years existence there the chapter became defunct 
in '80. Franklin College, at New Athens, is the unmarked, and 


^most equally unknown, grave of an early chapter of J T" J, 
while in '84 she withdrew from Mount Union : X <^, established 
at Kenyon in '61, has, since ^Q6^ existed there only as a tradi- 
tion. At Ohio Wesleyan K K F and K A &^ while flourishing, 
were compelled by an opposing faculty to surrender their char- 

Of the chapters living, most of them are in a healthy and 
prosperous condition, and seem bound to perpetuate themselves 
through all the coming generations of students. A few of the 
recently established chapters, however, have been placed in 
schools, while perhaps of good standing, yet where most avail- 
able material had been used, and make it difficult to build up a 
strong chapter. 

At Kenyon one or two of the chapters own lodges in which 
they meet, while at other schools, some of the chapters whichk 
have attained sufficient age are beginning to whisper about chap- 
ter houses as not far ofi things, and we would not be surprised 
if a move was made in that direction before long. Should any 
take action it would certainly add a degree of permanence to the 
<;hapter that would be commendable, and move others to take 
iictive measures towards the establishment of a chapter house 
fund looking forward ultimately to the same end. 

At only one institution are anti-fraternity laws in force, and 
this at Oberlin, a college of such standing that, were it not for 
her prejudices, would be a desirable location for a chapter of any 
fraternity. With this one exception the relation between faculty 
iind fraternities seems to be one of mutual interest. The Utopia 
has not been reached, but many old jealousies have been 
•dropped, and the chapters in the Buckeye State are as near a 
state of inter-fraternity and fratemito collegiate amity as any o£ 
their sisters in the East, West, North or South. 



From the New York Times. 

There are four societies at Harvard which are entitled to 
special mention, both from the size of their membership and 
from the lapse of years since they were founded. These four 
societies are the Hasty Pudding Club, the Pi Eta Society, the 
Institute of 1770, and the Everett Athenseum. The former two 
are Senior societies ; the latter two are Sophomore societies. 
The Sophomore societies are regarded as stepping-stones to the 
societies of the Senior year — the Institute of 1770 to the Hasty 
Pudding, and the Athenseum to the Pi Eta. 

Within the Institute, as in all controlling inner circles in 
Ibe A KE^ familiarly known at Harvard as the "Dickey," the 
members are elected in squads of ten men at a time. The first 
ten is chosen by the society at the close of the Freshman year, 
.and great is the honor to be one of these ten. men, as the start 
then afforded them makes them prominent for the rest of the 
•college course. When the " first ten " is elected from the Fresh- 
man class the election of the rest of the society from their class 
passes into their hands. At the beginning of the Sophomore 
year more tens are elected until the membership of the society 
reaches nearly a hundred. The first four or five tens, by virtue 
of their election into the Institute, become members of the J KE. 

The initiation which these men have to undergo is more 
•curious than any other at Harvard. For five days the members 
•of each ten are dressed up in fancy costumes of the most absurd 
variety, and are made subject to the beck and call of all mem- 
bers of the "Dickey," past or present. The trials and tribula- 
tions which befall them during this brief period of time can 
well be imagined. A son of a prominent Boston clergyman 
jwjently might have been seen slowly wending his way across 
the athletic field toward the college yard, dressed as an old and 
decrepit soldier, who, from his appearance, might have been 
fnistaken for a veteran who had gone with Napoleon from Toulon 
to Waterloo, and lived to the present day to boast of the exploits 


of the '* Little Corporal." His left arm was in a sling; his^ 
right side was supported by a crutch ; a huge piece of court 
plaster adonied his face ; his right leg was wound up in innum- 
erable folds of red flannel ; his clothes were in tatters, and his 
whole appearance was sufficient to terrify a small child. Another 
neophyte was seen a few days ago running through Harvard 
square followed by a howling mob of children. On his back 
were imitation wings, which flapped and waved as he sped 
through the crowded streets. A third neophyte was crossing 
the yard dressed as a lady, with long skirts and flowing hair, 
surrounded by an admiring crowd of youngsters. A fourth was 
dressed to represent a coachman ; a flith to represent an old 
clothes man, and so on as the ingenuity of the members of the 
society suggested. 

Besides this open initiation there is a still more severe secret 
initiation, in which, among other things, each neophyte is 
branded a certain number of times on his left arm. The scar of 
this branding remains for years, and often for a lifetime. It is 
no uncommon sight to see a number of the oarsmen when 
stripped for work marked with the six little scars of this lasting 
memorial of their initiation into the J K E. 


Among the benefits of a collegiate education, our Americiui 
system of Greek letter fraternities, with its incident pleasures, 
will ever be prominent. So, at least, thought a group of Delta 
Tau Deltas Monday evening, July 10, 1885, as they gathered at 
the Connable Cottage at Bay View to enjoy reminiscences of 
college and chapter life. Among both ladies and gentlemen a 
number of diflerent colleges were represented ; the fraternity 
boys hailed from the chapters at Ann Arbor, Hillsdale, Allnon 
and Lansing. 

Everything conspired to make the meeting memorable tx>- 
those participating. The evening was beautiful ; the cottage^ 


4i]way8 notable for its beauty, was brilliantly illuminated, and 
presented a striking appearance ; the Italian string band, of the 
Arlington, outdid themselves, and their excellent selections were 
greeted with warm appreciation. Refreshments, college songs 
-and stories made the evening pass only too rapidly. At 2 a. m. 
the party dispersed, after having extended Mr. and Mrs. Conna- 
ble a hearty vote of thanks. 

The following is the register of the evening : 

Fraters — Ezra J. Ware, Grand Rapids ; L. W. Hoyt, Grand Rap- 
ids ; S. W. Mauck, Columbus, O.; E. F. Parmelee, Charlevoix ; S. F. 
Master, Ionia ; A. W. Connable, Petoskey ; G. G. Seranton, Sault St. 
Marie ; Vin Swarthout, Ovid ; Wilbur F. Hoyt, Columbus, O. 

Ladies — Lizzie Master, Ionia ; Kate Martin, Albion ; Antha 
DeCamp, Ovid ; Mrs. S. W. Mauck, Columbus, O. ; Jennie Ninde, Ft 
Wayne ; Belle Ware, Grand Eapids ; Rose M. Berkey. Grand Rapids ; 
Mary C. Atwater, Grand Rapids ; Essie J. Buttars, Charlevoix ; Chella 
Ninde, Oskaloosa, Iowa. 

This is the second annual entertainment that the Delta 
resorters have given, the former one having been given at Char- 
levoix last year. The fraternity is so strong in the north central 
States that it was decided to effect a permanent organization, 
with the object of building a fraternity cottage at some point, 
for the use of resorting Deltas ; and of making the annual meet- 
ing a permanent affair. 

Rev. Washington Gardner, of Jackson, was chosen presi- 
dent for the ensuing year ; Mr. Ed. F. Parmelee, of Charlevoix, 
secretary ; Mr. E. J. Ware, of Grand Rapids, committee on 
cottage. It is to be hoped that the plan of building a cottage 
will succeed, and doubtless it will, for every year brings many 
representatives of the fraternity into this region, and a home 
irould be most welcome to them. 




ATA Parting Stmg. 

The wind blows east, the wind blows west^ 

The last dead leaf is on the tree ; 
Farewell the merry wine and jest, 

And all good fellows dear to me ; 
Those raptur'd hours with feathered feet, 

My aching heart would fain recall, — 
But ah ! 'tis ours no more to meet. 

Good-night, and joy be with you all. 

The weary world spins 'round and 'round. 

And friends must part as fHends have met ; 
There is no spot of hallowed ground, 

If not where fHendship's board is set ; 
The wind blows west, the wind blows east. 

Our last bright cup is mixed with gall, — 
A death-head glimmers at the feast, 

Good-night, and joy be with you all. 

To-morrow comes, to-morrow goes. 

But yesterday returns no more ; 
We meet with these, we part with those. 

And eyes are dim, and hearts are sore ; 
A blinding mist obscures my sight, 

My senses with their burden pall, — 
Time halts not his rapid flight, 

Good-night, and joy be with you all. 

James Newton Matthews. 



[Subscribers will please notice that^ for good and substantial reasons ^ the 
Subscription Price of The Crescent has been raised from One Dollar to One 
Dollar and a Half per volume of nine numbers. Send remittances to the Editor- 
in-Chief by Postal Note or Money Order.] 

Our genial friend and contemporary, the Beta Theta Pi is suffer* 
ing from an aggravated attack of the prep, question, — this in spite of 
an authoritative announcement of her complete recovery from th& 
dread disease. If we remember rightly, a few years ago it was 
blazoned to the world that Beta Theta Pi had adopted a constitutional 
amendment which steml}* forbade the initiation of preps., and that the 
aforesaid fraternity would abide by such enactment, live or die, sink 
or swim. The Greek Press, without a dissenting voice, agreed that 
the prep, question had received a staggering, blinding blow ; had, in 
fact, been shattered beyond hope of recognition or recovery. Alas for 
the permanent effects of Beta Theta Pi constitutional amendments ! 
It has dawned upon the divinities who preside over the Beta Theta Pi 
that the prep, question, though slightly disfigured, is still in the field ; 
that it is not a dead but a living issue, and while not so stalwart as 
formerly, is still healthy enough to cause a vast deal of trouble, even 
to a national fraternity. Experience has clearly taught that one non- 
prep. -initiating fraternity cannot hope to successfully contend with two 
or more prep. -initiating fraternities in colleges where public opinion 
sanctions such initiations. Prep, initiations must yield to advancing 
light But no fraternity can single-handed cope with the difficulty ; 
it demands concerted action. On this basis the solution of the prob- 
lem is easy ; all that is necessary is a simple, practical application of 
the principle of co-operation. Beta Theta Pi, Sigma Chi, Phi Kappa 
Psi, Phi Delta Theta, Phi Gamma Delta, Alpha Tan Omega and Delta 
Tan Delta are the only fraternities of any consequence who find it 
necessary, in some colleges, to indulge in the barbarous and undigni- 
fied practice. All these fraternities, with the exception of Phi Kappa 
Psi (who soon adopts a new constitution with all the modem improve- 
ments), are governed by Executive Councils, whose influence in shaping 
legislation is practically unlimited. Let these Councils adopt a joint 


resolution, pledging themselves to introduce at the next conventions 
of their respective fraternities, and push to a successful issue, a con- 
stitutional amendment absolutely prohibiting the initiation of any 
man below the grade of Freshman. As Sigma Chi, Beta Theta Pi, 
Phi Delta Theta, Phi Kappa Psi and Delta Tau Delta hold conventions 
during the present year, it could be provided that upon the adc^tion 
of such an enactment by the above-named fraternities, such aforesaid 
enactment should go into Aill force and effect on the first day of 
January, 1887. In this easy, simple and practical method the nefkrions 
practice would be totally- annihilated and the Greek Fraternities re- 
lieved of an annoyance and a disgrace. Delta Tau Delta stands 
willing and ready to ca operate in any plan which will bring complete 
and final relief fh)m further discussion of an unpleasant and unproflt- 
.able subject. 

To hundreds of Deltas who have worn the I^urple and Gray, and 
in fact to the great majority of the brotherhood, the stori* of these, 
our colors, is either a mystery or a legend. Such universal ignorance 
on a subject intimately connected with the rise and growth of the Delta 
Tau is not marvelous when one realizes that the archives of the fivt- 
temity are practically barren of accurate and reliable data whereby 
the history of our emblematic colors can be traced. A rigid examina- 
tion of the printed documents of the fraternity previous to the year 
1879 reveals little that is valuable and trustworthy. A written consti- 
tution of '64, granted to Alpha in that year, mentions neither colors 
nor regalia. A constitution, printed by the Delaware Alpha in 1870, 
contains no reference to colors, but decrees that the regalia of the 
fraternity shall consist of a purple sash, fringed with gold for ofiQo^rs, 
and with silver for other members of the chapter. Upon this as a 
basis we erected our personal theory that the only recognized color at 
that time was purple, and that through familiarity with that section of 
the constitution relating to the silver fringe, the fraternity gradually 
came to join the silver gray to the purple, and without any oflftcial 
action adopted the Royal Purple and the Silver Gray as the standard 
colors. Reasoning from these premises, it must be evident, however, 
that the fraternity would have more naturally and logically adopted 
Purple and Gold. The constitution of 1879 contains the first official 
promulgation of our present colors. We take great pleasure in laying 
before the fraternity the following interesting correspondence, which 


we believe will materially assist in writing the history of our colors. 
We will say in passing that the correspondence is, to a great extent^ 
the result of a recent investigation, incited by the assertion that 
Emerald Green was at one time the official color of the fi^temity. 
Not one particle of evidence, substantiating this assertion in the 
slightest degree, has been obtained. 

First, from the Sage of Odessa, Father Cunningham, comes this 
letter : 

It gives me pleasure to answer your questions concerning the original 
color of J TJ. 1 well remember when Brother A. C. Earle cams to me one 
evening and said that Brother J. L. N. Hunt had proposed Emerald Green 
as the most suitable color, but, said Brother Earle, that would never do, for 
our opponents would interpret it forsaken. I agreed with him, and prom- 
ised that I would consult with Brother Hunt concerning the matter. At the 
next meeting of the brethren the matter was brought up for consideration, 
and the green was dropped and the purple adopted. The gray was not con- 
nected with it prior to the war, and it has always been my opinion that it 
was added to the purple after the war, because so many of the original 
members were during that unhappy period connected with the gray of the 

From an interesting discussion of fi-atemity colors in general, by 
Brother Ed. D. Curtis, the gifted author of our new Ritual, we quote : 

"The idea (as I understand it) which caused the adoption of the gray in 
the first place, was to indicate our fraternity's Southern origin, — a very good 
idea, too, for the gray became very dear to the Southern people, for it was 
the color of the uniforms in which their 'heroes were buried.' The change* 
or rather the adoption of the gray, occurred, if I mistake not, under the 
authority of the Mu while she was the Alpha some time in the seventies. I 
know very well that ' Royal Purple * was our fraternity's solitary standard 
color when I was initiated in November, 1866." 

The letters of Brothers Cunningham and Curtis are most satis- 
factory and conclusive evidence that the Royal Purple was adopted at 
the very birth of the fraternity ; that it was still our only color in 
1866, and continued so for several years after. It is certainly most 
remarkable that Brother Cunningham and Brother Curtis, who be- 
longed to different chapters, were never personally acquainted, and 
probably never exchanged letters, should adopt the same theory con- 
cerning the adoption of the gray. It is with a feeling somewhat akin 
to remorse that, in the interests of historic truth, we are compelled 
to destroy this most beautiful and touching legend, which, no doubt, 
in time would become one of the most treasured traditions of the 


fraternity. The following letter firom Brother W. L. McClorg wilt 
explain itself: 

"In the year 1878-79, during my term as General Secretary, the Alpha 
became dissatisfied with the Royal Purple, at that time the fratemitjr's only 
color. This dissatisfaction arose from the fact that many other fraternities 
wore the purple. So a committee was appointed to select another color 
which in combination with the purple would present a pleasing appearance. 
In pursuance of their instructions the committee gathered unto themselves 
many ribbons of divers colors and shades, and at last came to the conclu- 
sion that Royal Purple and Silver Gray made a very pretty and charming 
combination. The chapter thought so, too, adopted them, and ordered her 
delegates to the next convention at Put*in-Bay to present them to said coa- 
▼ention for consideration. The said convention adopted these colors as 
standard, and in the revised constitution of 1879 such action was officially 
announced to the fraternity. In this wise the Purple and the Gray became 
the colors of Delta Tau Delta, and such they have continued even unto th» 
present day." 

The Scroll of Phi Delta Theta, in the December number, vigor- 
ously criticizes the weak, vaccillating and inglorious policy of Beta 
Theta Pi, in regard to the decapitation of weak chapters in stagnant 
colleges ; and in commenting on the course of Delta Tau Delta und^r 
similar circumstances, draws the following interesting comparison : 

" One yery curious result followed the agitation of the chapter-killing 
question. The Crescent of ATA, taking its cue from the BtAa Theta Pi 
in 1888-4, also pronounced in favor of an extermination of weak chapters 
and chapters in insignificant institutions. Strangely enough, while the 
courage of B & n failed, ATA had the nerve to apply the knife, and that 
vigorously. Chapters at Franklin and Marshall College, Pa., Mount Union 
College, Ohio, Lombard University, 111., and at some other institutions, 
have had their charters annulled. ATA will really be stronger by this 
heroic piece of work. 

What T?ie Scroll calls heroic work was not suggested or inspired 
by the editorials of the Beta Theta Piy however brilliant, yigoroua 
and admirable they certainly were ; nor did The Crsscknt take its 
cue from the Beta Theta Pi, however commendable an example it set 
Far fh>m being influenced by a sister firaternity, the actions of Ths 
Crescent sprang th)m impulses and motives that lay imbedded in the 
very heart and brain of Delta Tau Delta. The vigorous and ooor- 
ageous policy of the fhitemity was not a sudden, capricious and trem- 
ulous flame of irresponsible passion, to be snujQTed out by the first 
passing breeze of resistance ; it was and is the manly, sincere and 



honest outward manifestatioii of a steady, silent and irresistible growth 
of opinion within the fraternity. For several years the line of pro- 
gressive thought had swept onward grandly yet almost imperceptibly, 
except to a few grave, thoughtful and determined men, who have ever 
kept a sensitive finger on the fhitemity pulse, and who appreciated to 
its {MX>foundest depths the gravity of the movement^ and realized the 
force and temper of the weapon it placed in their hands. The first 
palpable and important result was the adoption of the Constitution of 
1883 and the creation of an Executive Council endowed with extra- 
ordinary powers and responsibilities. A thorough survey of the situa- 
tion demonstrated, by evidence most positive and convincing, that the 
fhitemity, if not eager, was at least well prepared to take a long step 
forward, a step which would, on the one hand, overthrow all precedents, 
inevolutionize her methods of thought and action and destroy the tradi- 
tions of years ; but which, on the other hand, would strengthen and in- 
vigorate her mora^, elevate and dignify her character, increase her pres- 
tige, influence and reputation in the Greek world. Resistance to a line 
of action so utterly contrary to tradition and precedent could not fail to 
arise : its force and power were anticipated and accurately measured. 
As public failure in so supreme an effort would inevitably weaken and 
dishearten the fraternity and excite the derision and ridicule of rival 
societies, final action was not taken until the tone of the fraternity was 
sounded and its mettle carefUlly tested. Then The Crescent spoke 
in no uncertain language : the forces were silently arrayed for a short, 
sharp and decisive conflict : and if the policy of Delta Tau Delta was 
strong, determined and victorious, it was because the thought and 
sentiment, the hopes and aspirations of her sons, upheld, strengthened 
mnd sustained the arms of her chosen leaders. 


ZTbc (Brccft MorI&. 

General Fitzhugh Lee, Governor of Virginia, is Sk W T; 
the late Professor James Craig Watson, the astronomer, who 
graduated at the University of Michigan in 1857, was not a fra- 
ternity man in his college life, but was initiated into B & 11 as 
an honorary member in 1858 by the University of Michigan 
chapter, and that chapter oiBQII having deserted to V^ 2" in 
1865, he was initiated into V^ -Tas an honorary member in 1869 ; 
John Bach McMaster, the historian, is a J K E] Professor 
Moses Ooit Tyler, of Cornell, is an A J <^\ Mr. Justice Stephen 
J. Field, of the Supreme Court of the United States, is aW T; 
General Horatio C. King, the Secretary of the Society of the 
Army of the Potomac, is a <^ K 2'^ the Rev. Dr. Francis S. 
Hoyt, formerly a professor in the Ohio Wesleyan, and ex-editor 
of the Western Christian Advocate^ and his brother, the late 
Professor Benjamin T. Hoyt, of DePauw, are numbered among 
^ K Ws honorary members, but during their college life at Wes- 
leyan both were members of W T, and have so continued. 

News of decided interest to fraternity men comes from the 

city of Portland, Oregon. A movement, started by W. T. Hume 

{B & n) and E. D. Curtis (J T J\ prominent business men, is 

on foot to organize the Greeks of the city into a Pan-Hellenic 

chapter, admitting all Greeks who stand well in the front of life, 

of whatever fraternity who wish to join it. From the Portland 

Gazette^ of January 15, we clip the following : 

For some time past there has been a movement on foot among some of 
the gentlemen of this city who are members of different fraternities to 
organize an association for social purposes. There is quite a number of 
"Greeks" resident in Portland, among whom are Messrs. W. M. Ladd, C. E. 
Ladd and C. R. Darling, of the Alpha Delta Phi ; Fred Holman and Colonel 
L. L. Hawkins, of the Zeta Psi ; Professor L. F. Henderson, G. W. Freeman 
and R. G. Morrow, of the Delta Upsilon ; L. B. Cox, Charles H. Carey, 
W. T. Hume, A. 8. Frank and Walton Thayer, of the Beta Theta Pi ; E. D. 
Curtis, of Delta Tau Delta, and John Efflnger, of Sigma Chi. A meeting 


will be had next Monday eyenlng, the 18th, at the law office of Mr. Charles 
H. Carey, in the Mulkey Block, on the comer of Second and Morrison 
streets, to which a general invitation is extended to all Greek letter society 

Of the fraternities located here (University of Iowa) ATA 
is our strongest rival and best friend. B G 11 has quite a strong 
chapter, but its strength is entirely lodged in its Seniors, and 
when they graduate in June the chapter will be left in a very 
weak condition. <^ K W iq the youngest fraternity in school, 
being about a year old. It has had a fair amount of success, but 
has frequently been mistaken in its initiates, a mistake quite 
natural in a new chapter. 4^ J is decidedly weak, having lost 
heavily by graduation last year. Its initiates this year are very 
inferior, and its future prospects are not very bright. — Si^fma 

The event that created the most stir in Greek circles (at 
Wooster), was the lifting of T. B. Berry, A T A, by the Betas. 
The sentiment of the college has always been opposed to lifting, 
and the action of the Betas has lowered them in the estimation 
of all fraternity men. Individually the Betas contain many good 
men, but as a fraternity they are undoubtedly guilty of conduct 
which at least is not in accordance with the golden rule. The 
Delta Tau Deltas do not seem to be prostrated by the shock. — 
Sigma Chi, 

The Annual Convention of the I. C. Sorosis was held at 
Lawrence, Kansas, in the Art League Rooms, November 24, S5, 
26. Some important changes were made, the most noticeable 
being the adding of a chain and pin to the wing of their arrow, 
the pin bearing the Greek letters 11 B ^. The next Convention 
will meet at Indianola, Iowa, October 21, 22, 33, 1886. 

Of the one hundred and fifty new students at the University 
of Wisconsin, only twelve had become Greeks at the close of the 
fall term of 1885, though seven fraternities are represented. 

The Sigma chapter of J W st the Sheffield Scientific School 
of Yale College is just completing a beautiful brown-stone chap- 
ter house. Because of the resemblance of the St. Anthony cross 


of the badge to the letter T, the chapter is popularly known in 
New Haven as the "Tea Company." 

^ J intends in the near future to publish a manual con- 
taining a general sketch of fraternities, an account o{^ J Q with 
a list of her chapters, undergraduate statistics and prominent 
members, and a short description of the college at which she has 

Rev. Charles H. Dickinson, a W T, was recently ordained 
pastor of the Congregational Church at Wallingford, Conn., 
which, during the 210 years of its existence, has had but six 

Prof. A. H. Welsh of the Ohio State University, author 
of "The Development of English Literature," and of several 
well-known educational works, is a J T J. 

Rev. Arthur S. Hoyt, recently elected Professor of Logic, 
Rhetoric and Elocution at Hamilton, is a graduate of that col- 
lege in 1871, and is a ¥^ r. 

The r ^ B Sorority has founded its third- chapter at the Uni- 
versity of Wisconsin, the others being in the Universitiea of 
Syracuse and Michigan. 

Hon. a. J. Hopkins, who represents the Fifth Illinois Dis- 
trict in Congress, is a J T J, 

AJ<^,J W,^ 0,X <^yB&n, Z W,G J X and J K EhAve 
chapters in Harvard College. 

& 3 has recently entered the Massachusetts Institute of 

& S^ ^ W and X ^ have chapters in the Sheffield Scientific 

J 4^ recently organized at Johns Hopkins. 

J jThas entered Lehigh. 



Cbaptcr TLcttcts. 

Mu — Ohio Wcslcyan. 

The winter term at the O. W. U. opened with about the 
usual number in attendance. About 40 new students have been 
enrolled, and some old ones have returned. The number in 
attendance last term was 600. The sixty-two students who were 
suspended for breaking the rules of the college, in going to 
"Bichard III," have most all returned. Eight Seniors who were 
suspended until the beginning of this term, having refused to 
sign the "apologies" necessary for their re-admittance, have not 
returned. Most of them have entered De Pauw University, 
where they expect to graduate this year. The most of them are 
men of considerable ability as students. Five of them were 
members of the Transcript corps. Seven of them are fraternity 
men. From their number B S 11 loses four men ; * r J two, 
and K W one. Much has been said for and against the Fac- 
ulty in their just enforcement of the laws of the college. The 
rule, whether good or bad, was openly violated, and had its 
violation been unheeded, college rules would be worthless at the 
O. W. U. The vacancies which were made in the Transcript 
corps have all been filled by other members of the Senior Class. 

The Oratorical Contest was held in the city opera house, on 
the evening of December 17. There were in all eight contestants — 
six gentlemen and two ladies. J. L. Hillman received first 
honor, and Miss Mattie Shankland second honor. Mr. Hillman 
will now represent our college in the Inter-State Contest, to be 
held in Granville, O., in February. Bro. C. E. Miess, formerly 
of 5, has received college rank, and now becomes an active 
member of our chapter. On the evening of November 25 we ini- 
tiated Will. P. Winter, '87, and near the end of the term, Chas. 
W. Evans, '88. We now number 15 men. Bro. C. L. Ketcham 
has returned to complete his course. We are sorry to lose from 


our number Bro. Ed. H. Hughes, who has entered the Iowa 
University at Grinnell, Iowa, where he expects to reside here- 
after. Bro. Hughes has proved an active and devoted member 
of our chapter, and we recommend him to all Western Deltas 
who may chance to meet him as a congenial friend, and a warm 
advocate of J tj. 

Upsilon — Rensselaer. 

The new year has begun favorably for us. We have our 
full attendance, and have just refurnished our chapter hall with 
a complete set of heavy walnut furniture, upholstered in red 
leather, and its appearance is greatly improved; Our library 
has received several very handsome additions from several of 
the members, among which is a complete set of Chambers' 
Encyclopedia presented by Bro. Raht. K our library continues 
to grow at the present rate it will soon be one of the features of 
our chapter. Bro. Trautwein sends us the "Transactions of the 
American Society of Engineers," which are of great practical 
value to the upper class men in their studies. Within the last 
two months two of our alumni have been married. Bro. Ruple, 
'81, was married on Dec. 10 to Miss Mary McCulloch, at Cot- 
tonwood Plantation, La., and Bro. Spearman, '84, was married 
on Thanksgiving at Steubenville, Ohio. We have had the pleas- 
ure of receiving visits lately from several of our former mem- 
bers. Bro. Zeiley, '86, spent a week with us ; he came to stay 
a day or two, but found old Troy and the boys so attractive that 
he staid a week. Bro. Asserson, '87, ran up from New York 
and spent a few days with us during Thanksgiving holidays. 
We enjoyed their visits very much, and only wish that we had 
more of our alumni near us than we have. Bro. Quintana was 
in town for a few days during the holidays. We are having 
reviews now and in about a week come the semi-annual examina- 
tions, which are quite interesting. We are looking forward to 
the Division Conference, and expect to send a large delegation, 
as over two-thirds of the boys have signified their intention of 
going, for the remembrances of the past conferences are so 
pleasant that we could not think of missing one. 


Beta Thcta — University of the South. 

Our University has closed for its long winter vacation, and 
most of "the boys" are rollicking in the freedom of their 
respective homes until March comes and brings us back again. 
Of the Grammar School boys who were advanced to the dignity 
of University students at the end of last term, Delta Tau Delta 
got one ; let me introduce him to you — Eoman E. Richmond, of 
Memphis, Tenn. When we have well drilled the principles of 
Deltaism into him we think that Bro. Kichmond will make a 
worthy frater, and we feel proud of having gotten him. He is 
at present in Memphis with Bros. Overton, Ensley, Snowden 
and Scales. 

Bro. G. G. Smith is at work as a missionary in Winchester. 
I believe he has nothing to do with the girls' school situated 
there. Bro. Dashiell is spending the winter at Sewanee, and 
dividing his attention between his studies and his plug. Bro. 
Miller is captivating the fair sex in Augusta, Ga., where he has 
just made his debut^ and your correspondent is enjoying his 
vacation in a visit to Bro. Tucker, at Mobile, Ala. 

Kappa — Hillsdale. 

New Year's Day Bro. H. R. Parmelee invited a number of 
his college friends to visit his house in Reading, Mich. The 
three fraternities were represented, and fraternity issues were 
entirely overlooked in the general good time that followed. The 
presence of out-in-the- world fraters, F. W. Corbit and Ed. F. 
Parmelee, added to the pleasure of the occasion. Bro. S. S. 
Avery, of Angola, Ind., at one time a member of the class of 
'86, has written an able article on the "Cause of the Tides," 
which has received very favorable comment from the Scientifie 
Americcm. On account of his father's protracted absence on 
legal business at the beginning of the term, Bro. Macomber is 
not with us this winter ; in the spring, however, he expects to 
return. Bro. W. W. Cook called on friends in this city during 
the holidays, but we did not have the pleasure of meeting him. 

We have eight sterling men at present, which is less by far 


than the * J (98, and slightly less than the 2 Xs. We intend, 
however, to add to our number in a few days some of the best 
men of '89. Having finished a series of readings in Poe, we 
have lately taken up the works of O. W. Holmes, purposing to 
form a more intimate acquaintance with our American authors. 
Bro. F. N. Dewey, beside his regular college work, has charge 
of the history classes in the city schools. A short time since 
Bro. W. M. Spears spent a few days among us. He hopes to 
be with us again next term. 

Zcta — Adelbert. 

Allow us to introduce to the fraternity two sterling fraters, 
Charles S. Clark, '89, of Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio, and Lyman A. 
Ford, '89, of Cleveland. Our Annual will soon make its appear- 
ance. We will be glad to exchange with any of the chapters. 
On December 12, Zeta was the guest of Eta. After a union 
meeting an elegant banquet was indulged in, followed by the 
war dance. Eta as usual did herself proud, and we will go again 
if we get an invitation. On account of ill-health Bro. Brew was 
•compelled to leave school temporarily. We hope to have him 
with us in the spring. 

Alpha — Allegheny. 

The opening of a new year finds us in a prosperous condi* 
tion. We certainly feel it a very great pleasure to again assemble 
in our halls, the countenance of each being brightened by a short 
vacation. At the stroke of the gavel silence reigned, and then 
to business promptly. We cannot help but think that our effort! 
of last term were crowned with success. The interest in frater^ 
nity work now manifested by the different members of our chap- 
ter shows that a greater work may be accomplished during the 
present term. We are sorry to state that K. Karl Ej'eek, whom 
we initiated last term, will not be able to be with us longer, he 
having determined upon entering an Eastern college. We extend 
to him our best wishes for success. Since writing last, the Alpha 
has given two more of her parties, which are looked forward to 
aa among the recognized events in Meadville society. Both were 


very sncoessfiil and enjoyable, particularly the one held New 
Tears Eve. Several more of the series will be given during the 
present term. It would be particularly gratifying to the Alpha 
Ghoctaws if the brothers of other chapters would favor us with 
their presence on these occasions of social pleasure and recrea- 

The college enrollment has been increased by quite a num- 
ber of new students. More life and energy is now shown in the 
college work, both by the students and faculty, than has been for 
some time. Should this continue, we predict a bright future for 
the college. A new musical organization has lately been efiected, 
which will afford an opportunity to all those interested in that 
work to become proficient. 

Beta Beta — Dc Pauw. 

At the beginning of the second term college opened under 
&vorable circumstances. Quite a number of new students were 
enrolled in the various classes. The Senior Class received an 
addition of six students from the Ohio Wesleyan University, 
•caused by the bigoted action of the President and Faculty of 
that institution. Of the six gentlemen, two are members of 
r J and three o{ B G 11. Mr. De Pauw has presented to the 
University several beautiful pieces of alabastine marble statuary, 
which make a valuable addition to the art collection. Valuable 
4Klditions to the museum have been purchased of Professor 
Ward, of Rochester, N. Y. Miss Kena A. Michaels, A. M., 
Ph.D., having resigned her position as Professor of Italian and 
Spanish and Preceptress of the Ladies' Hall to accept a similar 
position in the Northwestern University, is succeeded by Mrs. 
Belle A. Mansfield. We regret the departure of Prof. Michaels, 
because she was ever a professed friend ot J T J. 

After the holidays all the boys except Brothers Friedley 
and Stevens returned, and are filled with more zeal for fraternity 
work. Our last two initiates, whom we now have the honor to 
introduce to the fraternity, are Brothers Carieton J. Shaffer, of 
Windsor, III., and Francis M. Sinsabaugh, of Mattoon, III. Our 
Saturday evening chapter meetings are quite interesting and 


profitable. Every one of us leaves the hall feeling that we have- 
been benefitted by our attendance. Prof. Mills, the genial Dean 
of the School of Fine Arts, has signified his intention of becom^ 
ing a regular attendant at our meetings and taking an active 
part in them. While at Butler University recently I was pleased 
to see the great change an the condition of Beta Theta. That 
chapter is now booming. Since our last chapter letter we have 
had the pleasure of entertaining Brothers Hamilton and Jett of 
Phi, and Brothers Jackson and McNutt of Beta Theta. All of 
our chapter attended the funeral of the late Vice-President 
Hendricks, and had the pleasure of meeting many Deltas from 
other chapters. We acknowledge the receipt of the Rho Chron- 
icle^ which is quite a readable paper. 

Epsilon — Albion. 

Eighteen eighty-six finds thirteen active, energetic members 
in Epsilon chapter. In taking a review of the past term, we- 
are able to announce that it was a prosperous one. Thirteen 
meetings were held with an average attendance of 82 per cent. 
A lecture by Rev. Washington Gardner, under the auspices of 
Epsilon, presented a welcome increase to our treasury, and our 
annual Thanksgiving banquet, at which time we had the pleas- 
ure of meeting several of our alumni, gave us a rich Delta treat. 
Epsilon has no indebtedness outside of that assumed for the 
repairing of her hall, and that, through the unremitting efforts- 
of her members and the kind assistance rendered to her by her 
alumni, has been nearly reduced to one-half its original amount. 
Our financial outlook, though upon the whole still involvings 
incessant attention, is promising. Our list of initiates for the 
term numbers only one, yet in a quiet way our work in that line 
has been eminently satisfactory. 

Beta Epsilon — Emory. 

We are sorry to announce that Bros. Strozier and Johnson* 
have left college. This leaves us with seventeen active mem- 
bers. Our chapter is in a sound condition, and bids fair to con- 
tinue on its road of prosperity. The elections for champion 


"debater's places, held in the Phi Tau and Few literary societies, 
resulted as follows : In the Few, one K A^ one A T £1 and one 
J r J ; in the Phi Tau, one K A, one A T£l and one 2 AE, 
Bro. Morgan is our representative in the Few. Although being 
a Junior, he received more votes than any other candidate. He 
is the only Junior on the debate. Bro. Benton was elected on 
the spring term debate. Bro. J. L. Hendry recently attended 
the Florida Conference. Bro. J. M. Stuart, Boynton medalist 
of class '84, who has been teaching school in Apopka, Fla., was 
married Dec. 25, 1885, to Miss Nonie Hough, of Oxford, Ga., 
at the residence of the bride's mother. We would have been 
glad to have had Bro. Stuart remain with us for a while, but he 
saw fit to return at once with his bride to his home in Florida. 
The fall term reports will be read out in a few days, and we 
anticipate a creditable showing for the boys of Beta Epsilon. 

Delta — University of Michigan. 

On December 10, Thursday evening, the Seniors held their 
annual Social at the Delta Chapter House, A large crowd was 
in attendance, and all pronounced it a success. December 17 
we enjoyed our chapter hop at the House, and danced all night 
to good music furnished by a full string orchestra. Much of 
the music was composed by Bro. McAndrew, '86, who was 
highly complimented for his charming ATA waltzes. Bro. 
McNair, lately of BH^ has recently joined our ranks. This 
year starts with its usual number of births into the Greek society 
of the U. of M. Dec. 5 the Delta Gammas swung out here to 
the number of seven, among whom are found some of our most 
esteemed young ladies. Three days later eleven diamond- 
shaped pins, bearing the letters ^ F Ay announced that there 
was another chapter that wished to be acknowledged. We wish 
them well, but still the fact asserts itself that the last few years 
have brought as many deaths as births. 



Beta Beta — DePauw. 

35. Frederic Finley Friedley, '89, Madison, Ind. 

36. David Amos Stevens, '89, Terre Haute, Ind. 

37. Carleton Jacob Shaffer, '91, Windsor, 111. 

38. Francis Marion Sinsabaugli, '91, Mattoon, lU. 

SiOMA — Columbia. 

28. John Rollin Marsh, '87, Muncie, Ind. 

29. Abraham Lincoln Bums, '87, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Nu — Lafayette. 

44. Howard Mcllvane Morton, '88, Tough Kenamon, Pa. 

45. Rush Kelsey Morton, '88, Tough Kenamon, Pa. 

46. William Malcolm McKeen, '88, Easton, Pa. 

Zeta — Adelbert. 

10. Gabriel Fullard Smith, '88, Cleveland, Ohio. 

11. Charles Spencer Clark, '89, Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio. 

12. Lyman Albert Ford, '85, Cleveland, Ohio. 

Omicron — Iowa. 

40. Julius Lischer, 88, Davenport, Iowa. 

41. Charles Kollin Keyes, '87, Des Moines, Iowa. 

42. Ernest Vemi Mills, '88, Elkader, Iowa. 

43. Ernest Ruben Nichols, '87, Luana, Iowa. 

44. Will Thomas Summers, '89, Ottumwa, Iowa. 

45. Harry Stanton Marquardt, '89, Iowa City, Iowa. 

46. Horace Greeley Clark, '89, Iowa City, Iowa. 

Xi — Simpson. 

87. Waitman T. W. Morris, '88, Liberty, Iowa. 

88. Herbert Alden Youty, '89, Commerce, Iowa. 

89. Ernest Hugh Thombrue, '90, Dennison, Iowa. 

90. Thomas Nelson Franklin, '89, Manteno, Iowa. 

Rho — Stevens. 

68. Arthur Lee Shreve, '89, Baltimore, Md. 

69. Alfred Cary Peck, '89, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Beta Kappa — Col6rado. 

10. Charles Herbert Pierce, '87, Boulder, Colo. 

11. Lambert Sternberg, '87, Boulder, Colo. 


Beta Zeta — Butler. 

38. Charles EvereU Higbee, '90, Elizaville, Ind. 

39. Walter Scjott King, '88, Kichmond, Ind. 

40. William Jefferson Armstrong, '88, Kenton, Ohio. 

41. James Challen Smith, '88, Veedersburg, Ind. 

42. Anton}' J. LeMiller, '89, New Liberty, Ohio. 

43. Walter Howard Shortridge, Indianapolis, Ind. 

Psi — Wooster. 

43. Charles Hodge Elliott, '90, Bittman, Ohio. 

44. Winfield Scott Bowman, '89, Irwin Station, Pa. 

45. Thomas Lee Aughinbaugh, '89, East Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Beta — Ohio University. 

146. James Aaron Fremont Kukendall, '86, Dawkins Mills, Ohio.. 

147. Johnson Sherman Hunter, '89, Cove, Ohio. 

148. Daniel Webster Williams, '89, Oak HUl, Ohio. 

Upsilon — Bensselaer. 

30. Bernard Elmore Gregory, '87, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

31. Techamer Finny, '88; Memphis, Tenn. (Transf d from B ©.> 

32. Charles Augustus Baht, '89, Philadelphia, Pa. 

33. Paul Bigelow, '89, New Haven, Conn. 

34. Allan McLane Mowry, '89, New York, N. Y. 

35. Paul Octave Hibert, '89, Marietta, Ga. 

36. Lawrence Mains Marten, '89, St John Baptist Parish, La. 


101. Sherman Yates, '88, Tipton, Iowa. 

102. Henry Richmond Corbett, '88, Nelson, Neb. 

Gamma — Washington and Jefferson. 

— . Samuel Ott Laughlin, '89, Wheeling, W. Va. 

— . Robert Sherrard Elliott, '90, Jersey City Heights, N. J. 

Beta Delta — Georgia. 
36. Robert Lee Nowell, '87, Monroe, Ga. 

Beta Epsilon — Emort. 

33. William Joseph Peed, '90, Enterprise, Ga. 

34. Rowland Bird Daniel, '90, Darlot, Ga. 

35. Elias McLeod Landrum, '90, Vinita, Indian Territoiy.. 

Epsilon — Albion. 

88. Linton Beach Sutton, '88, Cheboygan, Mich. 

89. Edgar J. Townsend, '88, Litchfield, Mich. 

90. Sheridan Fried Master, '88, Ionia, Mich. 

91. Henry Magiford Echlin, Jr., '89, Albion, Mich. 

92. Joseph Patrick McCarthy, '88, Albion, Mich. 

93. John William Amey, '89, Albion, Mich. 



Beta Theta — University of the South. 

15. Teschamer de Graffenrud Finney, '85, Memphis, Tenn. 

16. Bobert Brinkley Snowden, '86, Memphis, Tenn. 

17. Sam Watkins Overton, '86, Memphis, Tenn. 

18. Martin Ensley, '86, Memphis, Tenn. 

^ 19. John L. Domett, '87, Jagksonville, Fla. 
^^ 20. Henry Minor Scales, '86, Hernando, Miss. 

21. Gross Bobert Scruggs, '86, Dallas, Texas. 

22. Harry Eugene Stafford, '86, Meridian, Miss. 

23. Louis David Weiss, '86, Greenville, Miss. 

24. Lewis Ford Butt, '87, Sewanee, Tenn. 

25. Lewis Henry Mattair, '87, Jacksonville, Fla. 

26. Frank Eli Cole, San Antonio, Texas. 
• 27. Bobert Lee Craig, Henderson, Ky. 

Kappa — Hillsdale. 
148. Charles Ward Macomber, '90, Bremen, Ind. 

Mu — Ohio Wesleyan. 

. 108. William Garfield Homell, '89, Oakland, Ohio. 

109. Arthur Lincoln Bauker, '86, Cardington, Ohio. 

110. Will Phillips Winter, '87, Delaware, Ohio. 

Iota — Michigan State. 

133. Jay Trumble Bumham, Jr., '89, Saginaw, Mich. 

134. Glenn Dexter Perrigs, '88, Portland, Mich. 

135. Lloyd Cummins Bartmess, *89, Buchanan, Mich. 

136. Fred George Hubbard, '89, Monroe, Mich. 

137. William David McDonald, '89, Port Huron, Mich. 

138. George Gladden, '89, Columbus, Ohio. 

Delta — Michigan. 
84. Frank Albin Boach, '88, Detroit, Mich. 

Alpha — Alleohent. 

187. Ned Arder Flood, '89, Meadville, Pa. 

188." James Anderson McClurg, '89, Meadville, Pa. 

189. Kay Carl Krick, '89, ConneautvUle, Pa. 

190. John Charles Armstrong, '89, Brownsville, Pa. 

191. George Leonard Bumgarner, '89, Millsboro, Pa. 

192. Charles Scott Herbert Smith, '89, Buffalo, N. Y. 

193. AUen Isaiah Warren, '89, Wheeling, W. Va. 


VOL. IX. FEBRUARY, 1886. NO. V. 


The action of the fraternity daring the past few years in 
ordering the withdrawal of the charters of nnproiitable chapters 
located in small and comparatively weak institutions, should 
serve, and many believe that it has already served, as a warning 
to other chapters located at denominational colleges of small 
means, meager support and generally circumscribed prospects, 
to redouble their efforts, both in internal improvement and in 
their relations with the general fraternity, with a view of com- 
pensating in large measure for the shortcomings of their Alma 
Mater. If all of our chapters will bear this in mind, they never 
need have any fears that their charters are in danger. 

The fraternity has a perfect right to protect itself against 
injury from the inefficiency of any of its branches, whether this 
be due to the lowering of the stanjdard of membership, the 
persorvnd of the chapter or to the retrograde career of the college. 
It should be allowed to limit the membership of its chapters at 
the smaller colleges to such a number that their membership 
standard shall not fall below that current in the best chapters of 
the fraternity. These are generally found in the larger colleges ; 
there is, however, not a small college on our list to-day at which, 
under such restrictions, a small chapter cannot be maintained 
with a reasonable degree of certainty that its pey^aonnel shall 
include such men only who will prove valuable members of the 
fraternity ; it would certainly tend to a more uniform member- 
ship standard throughout the fraternity than is possible at the 
present time. K, under such circumstances, the chapter cannot 



j>ro8per, the fraternity will, in the judgment of every candid and 
intelligent fraternity man, be fully justified in ordering the with- 
drawal of its charter';' the principle of the survival of the fittest 
applies here as elsewhere in human affairs with equal force and 

The duty of the fraternity toward its chapters is plain and 
eaaily understood, and does not admit of much discussion. A 
few of them were placed ill advisedly and hastily by those who 
preceded us in the management of the fraternity's affairs at insti- 
tutions which should never have been honored with a chapter. 
From all of these Delta Tau Delta has fortunately withdrawn. 
Others were entered at a time when they as well as the fraternity 
were rapidly growing ; in dignity and influence Delta Tau Delta 
has outgrown several of these colleges, and they, too, are no 
longer on our chapter roll. There are several colleges still on 
our list which have not been keeping pace with the modem 
reiquirements of the times, and, as educational centers, have a 
somewhat limited influence. There will always be a temptation 
in the future, as there has been in the past, to withdraw from 
such colleges, and it therefore becomes a matter both of policy 
and of duty with chapters so situated that they shall maintain 
the highest possible state of activity and efficiency. Under such 
circumstances even the most radically progressive fraternity man 
will not venture to deny this plain proposition : That Delta Tau 
Delta has no right to withdraw the charter from a chapter situ- 
ated at a small college, when that chapter is loyal and enthusiastic 
in its support of the fraternity ; when it succeeds to a fair extent 
in carrying out the purposes of the fraternity ; when it demon- 
strates that it is an active and useful member ofthe body politic; 
when it maintains an efficient alumni organization and maintains 
a high standard of personal excellence in its membership. The 
rights of such chapters will always be championed by the large 
conservative element which, upon important occasions like those 
here indicated, will not fail make its influence felt, and will ensure 
ftill justice being done to all concerned. 

The forcible withdrawal of charters is much to be regretted 
under any circumstances ; it cannot be accomplished in most 


instances without a great deal of friction and mncli ill-feeling 
either of a loud or qniet nature ; it usually alienates a large pro- 
portion of the alumni, who, although careless and neglectful in 
their duties and relations toward their chapter, suddenly seem to 
realize that by such action they, as well as the undergraduate, and 
even the college itself, have been grievously wronged. It is need- 
less to deny that in at least a few instances the fraternity, in the 
judgment of its older and more conservative members, has acted 
in bad fiuth in throttling the chapters at several small institu- 
tions ; it is fortunate that the evil effect of such action upon the 
alumni has not been more far reaching that experience has shown. 
The chapters had played well their parts in the development of 
the fraternity in its earlier days, when their support was essential 
to its existence. Several chapters now on our list have a lasting 
claim upon the gratitude of the fraternity, and with ordinary pre- 
cautions to maintain an efficient organization, need have no fear 
that Delta Tau Delta may desire to withdraw, even if the colleges 
that harbor them are not as progressive and as prosperous as 
many would wish. Alumnts. 


The pioneer of Western Deltaism was Henry E. Allen, '77, 
of Lambda, and to him belongs the credit of establishing Delta 
Tau west of the Mississippi. In 1872 Allen entered Simpson, 
being induced to enter that college by his friend, Amos Baker, 
who had met him at Liombard, and who afterward became an 
initiate of Xi. Bro. Allen was not long in forming the acquaint- 
ance of the members of the "I. I. I. Fraternity," a local society 
at Simpson, founded as X. Y. Z. in 1869. Through Allen this 
society made application to J T ^ for a charter. The petition 
was granted, and May 8, 1873, Xi chapter was founded with 
seven charter members exclusive of the founder. 

A little over a year later, Bros. Berry and Jewett, of Xi, 
established a chaper at Iowa Wesleyan University. This was 
reorganized in 1877 as Chi chapter, and had for rivals chapters 


ofBOn and J G. For several years Chi had a prosperous 
existence, and counted among its members some very enthusias- 
tic Delts. But some internal dissensions arising, which have 
never been satisfactorily explained, the chapter grew slack in 
meeting its obligations to the general fraternity, and fell a victim 
to the "pruning knife." Thus perished Chi Prime, which, only 
a few months before its decease, was pronounced by the fratemily 
Secretary to be the best chapter in the Fourth Division. There 
are still many Iowa Delts who look back with pride and pleasure to 
their connection with J T J &t Iowa Wesleyan, and who would 
hail with delight any attempt to revive their old chapter. 

In February, 1876, Bros. Samson and Barr, of Xi, founded 
Omega with twelve charter members. From the first this chap- 
ter has had a strong and vigorous growth. It seems to me that 
the general fraternity has been slow to appreciate the difficulties 
by which this chapter has been surrounded. The faculty has 
sometimes been hostile, and until lately never more than tolerated 
the fraternity. Among the students of this school there exists 
the bitterest hostility to secret societies, and against this hostility 
Omega has had to contend almost single-handed, being, however, 
always able to count on the sisterly aid of the I. C. L., the ladies' 
society. The standard of membership has always been high, 
since, having no rival, Omega has had no difficulty in initiating 
the best from an attendance of 300 or 400 students. 

About 1878 a charter was granted to some students at Oska- 
loosa College. Only a few students of Oskaloosa were initiated, 
the majority of the initiates being from Penn College in the same 
city; at the beginning of the next year the whole membership 
were students at Penn. A petition was offered asking to have 
the charter transferred to Penn College, but the fraternity, recog- 
nizing the mistake of having founded the chapter at all, denied 
the request, and the chapter ceased to exist. 

In 1879, Bro. T. J. Hysham, '86, of Xi, entered the State 
University, and the next year, with the aid of two other Delts, 
established Omicron. From correspondence now in the archives 
of Xi, it appears that the charter members were selected solely 
with a view to literary ability, and were the best possible choice 


from the non-fraternity element in the University. Omicron has 
carried off many honors in oratory, and there seems to be no 
donbt that J T J leads the fraternities at the State University. 

From first to last there has been established in Iowa five 
chapters of Delta Tau in the following colleges : Simpson, Iowa 
Wesleyan University, Iowa State College, Oskaloosa College and 
Iowa State University. Of these the second and fourth are now 

For rivals, ^ T A meets in Iowa several of the Western fra- 
ternities and one of Southern origin. Following is a list of 
chapters and their location, given as nearly as known in the order 
of establishment : 

B G Ily Iowa State University and Iowa Wesleyan ; * J 0, 
Iowa Wesleyan and Iowa State University ; ^ K W, Simpson 
and State University ; 2 X, State University ; A T Hy Simpson. 

Of ladies' societies, there is a goodly supply. We find in the 
State the following in order of establishment : 

n B fraternity, better known as the I. C. Sorosis, at Iowa 
Wesleyan, Simpson, State College, State University and State 
Normal. The P E O Society has chapters at Iowa Wesleyan, 
Iowa Normal and other schools, not being confined to colleges. 
L. F. V. Sorosis, Simpson and Callanan \ K A Fraternity, 
Simpson ] K K F Fraternity, Simpson and State University. 

The history of Iowa colleges is substantially that of every 
other Western State from Pennsylvania to Kansas. Every 
religious denomination founded one or more colleges, and the 
State established two. At present date Iowa ranks next to Ohio 
in the number of colleges, having nineteen in full blast. But the 
law of the survival of the fittest is doing its perfect work, and 
six or seven of these colleges are growing in influence, attend- 
ance, and, at the expense of the weaker, wealth. 

There ai*e possibly other schools in the State that will soon 
become the home of fraternities in spite of strong anti-fraternily 
regulations. Grinnell College, widely known for its adventure 
with a cyclone a few years ago, might very properly be called the 
Kenyon of Iowa, and Cornell College at Mt. Vernon, with its 
500 or 600 students might be compared to Ohio Wesleyan. 

O. A. Kennedy, Xi. 


Z)elta ^au Z)elta in Xiterature. 

[Devoted io Reviews and Notices of the Works of Members of the Fraternity, J 

Thb Relation of Infants to Chkist. Samuel Lynch Beiler, M.A. 
(Mu, 72). A doctrinal study read before the monthly meeting of the- 
Alpha Chapter of the Convocation of Boston University. Printed in 
The Alpha, the organ of the Alpha Chapter. 

Essentials of Geometry. Alfred H. Welsh, M.A. (Eta, '78). 8. C. Grigg» 
& Co., Chicago, 1885. 

The most pleasing features to be mentioned of this geometry are : 
Its definitions, so well combining adequacy and conciseness ; the logi- 
cal order preserved in the arrangement of theorems ; the simplicity 
and clearness of the demonstrations, and the all but faultless diagrams. 
In each of these respects it is not over-praising to say Prof. Welsh has 
more satisfhctorily supplied the actual need of the class-room than did 
Euclid or Chauvenet or Olney. There is evidenced throughout the 
whole book, including both plane and spherical geometry, a ripe exper- 
ience in class-work, and the author has not, in becoming author, laid 
aside the simple methods employed in teaching his own pupils. The 
genuine excellence of this text-book will hence be obvious. It i» 
seldom that writers of geometries economize the learner's attention as 
Prof. Welsh does. The abridgment of old definitions in the most exact 
of the exact sciences is a veiy delicate operation, and an unskilled 
hand is sure to bring ruinous results ; but we arc convinced that, in 
not a few instances in the present work, the author has not only 
shortened but completely re-expressed definitions, and has done it welL 
The chief good resulting is invariably to be found in the economizing^ 
of attention — release of the thought ftova the unimportant and inci- 
dental, and the concentration of it in the important and essential. The 
old confusion of stating a theorem and its converse altogether has been 
well avoided, and there is, in that regard, marked conservation of the 
pupil's attention. It is an excellent geometry, not a needless addition 
to the already extensive bibliography of its subject, but a geometry 
*written by a capable hand and pursuant to a fixed design. The pupil, 
in studying this book, will find a clear and distinct view opened to 


him, for the curtains have been drawn aside by one who is at once a 
mathematician and a psychologist Prof. Welsh deserves the heartiest 
congratulations and thanks of all earnest teachers. 

Essentials of English. Prof. A. H. Welsh, A.M. (Eta, '78). S. C. Griggs- 
& Co., Chicago, 1885. 

In this work Prof. Welsh has admirably succeeded in preparing a 
volume specially adapted to academies and preparatory schools. A 
knowledge of the principles of grammar is important, and the work 
embodies in a lucid, yet logical and practical way, all of these that are 
of real value. But it is not a mere grammar, but a clear, concise and 
intelligent study of our mother tongue. As a study of English,, 
previous to English literature, it is complete, and will be of material 
assistance to the student in acquiring a thorough command of the 
language. The work is so thorough, comprehensive and scholarly, 
the subject matter so interesting and well arranged, that it cannot fail 
to win the attention of all lovers of good English. 

A Complete Rhetoric Prof. A. H. Welsh, A. M. (Eta, 78). S. C. Griggs 
& Co., Chicago, 1886. 

The ground-idea of this work is that the proper object of rhetorical 
training is not to produce glibness, assurance, or fluency, — which will 
come afterward if not constitutionally wanting, — but to drill the young 
in the art of reasoning, in the arrangement of materials, in the quick 
perception of relations, in penetrating to the heart of questions ; to 
enable students, not simply to avoid gross mistakes in grammar and 
ambiguous and obscure expressions, but to state facts and opinions 
and arguments so as to please and move as well as to instruct ; not 
only to furnish the practical precepts and exercises by which the 
student acquires skill in writing, but to impart a knowledge of literary 
art and history, to rectify vicious tastes, and to cultivate appreciation 
of thought-values. From the National Journal of Education, Boston, 
we quote : " This work is of great practical importance to students of 
the English language and literature. Prof. Welsh has come to be 
recognized as an author of marked ability and a safe guide on all 
questions relating to the English language. In this book he discusses 
in a lucid and entertaining style every topic belonging properly to the 
province of rhetoric. » » » ^he student is introduced in 
a comprehensive way to the art of reasoning by a proper arrangement 


of materials, by an insight into the relations of expression, and by a 
thorough examination of the vital points in the discussion of questions. 
The methods taught are concise, clear and thorough. Mr. Welsh prac- 
tically illustrates his teachings by the forcible style of his own writing 
upon the topics discussed in this work. Logical common-sense char- 
acterizes all his works in behalf of a correct use of the language. We 
are confident that this new rhetoric will be hailed with satisfaction by 
all good teachers and inquiring students." 

Ybobtablb Morpholoot a Centubt Ago. T. H. McBride (Theta Prime, 
Monmouth, '69), Prof, of Botany, State University of Iowa. 

A series of articles published in late numbers of Science, which 
have attracted a good deal of attention among those interested in 
Botany. Prof McBride writes with a thorough understanding of his 
subject, and says what he has to say in terse and beautifhl language. 
He is an enthusiastic worker in educational fields, having had charge 
of the " Iowa Educational exhibit '' at New Orleans, which ranked first. 



[Subscribers will please notice that^ for good and substantial reasons^ the 
Subscription Price of The Crescent has been raised from One Dollar to One 
Dollar and a Half per volume of nine numbers. Send remittances to the Editor- 
in-Chief by Postal Note or Money Order.] 

The aims and ambitions of fhtternities vary with their names 
One fraternity finds in superb and elaborate chapter-houses the high- 
est good ; another fascinates and enthralls the unwary barbarian with 
a dazzling array of celebrated statesmen, judges, and men of high 
educational or literary reputation; still another takes a delirious 
enjo^nnent in attenuating a chapter list already long as a bill in 
•chancery ; another discards the plebeian and base-bom and yearns for 
gentlemen of distinguished ancestry and high social standing ; and so 
on until the list is exhausted. All these are exceedingly valuable in 
their way, and as far as they go. But what this Delta Tau Delta fra- 
ternity wants and needs most is one thousand Deltas to subscribe for 
The Crescent, and pay their subscription in advance ; not less than 
four hundred Deltas to pay an annual amount into a fUnd devoted to 
-extension, and to the assistance of new and struggling chapters ; 
at least ten chapters to start chapter* papers, with their alunmi 
substantially supporting the enterprise; two hundred Deltas to 
immediately purchase the remaining catalogues ; twenty-five Deltas 
of literary culture and ability, who will take an active interest in 
the development of the literary department of The Crescent ; thirty 
<!hapter correspondents who know how to write a readable letter, 
and who will devote a share of time and talent to their important 
duties, and make their department what it ought to be — the most 
enjoyable in the journal. When these plain, modest and practical 
ambitions are realized we can calmly and serenely await the arrival of 
•chapter-houses, Congressmen, and other gilt-edged trappings for holi- 
•day, banquet and dress-parade display. 

At a Province Convention •f Sigma Chi held lately in Chicago, a 
<K>mmittee, of which Mr. W. L. Fisher, the able and talented editor of 
The Sigma Chxy was chairman, placed before the meeting a programme 
of fraternity questions for discussion. With a few alterations, neces- 



sary to adapt it to the uses of our own fraternity, we publish it in ftdl 
below. We place it in our Editorial Department because we believe 
it to be the most admirable and logical arrangement of all the ques- 
tions that are now of moment and practical importance to Delta Tau 
and every other wide-awake fraternity. The programme is worthy of 
discussion not only in Division Conferences but at the General Con- 
vention, in chapter meetings, and wherever Delta Taus are wont to- 
assemble. We heartily commend it to our members, and warmly urge 
an intelligent consideration and thoughtlbl discussion of the subjects 
presented : 

1. Division Conferences. 

(a) General — ^Their methods and scope. 

(h) Special — Matters pertaining to each Grand Division. 

2. The Fraternity Magazine. 

(a) Financial. 

(^) Subscriptions of Active Members. 

(») Alumni circulation. 
(6) Editorial. 

(0 General literary support and management 

(2) The work of Chapter Correspondents. 

3. Financial Matters. 

(a) General Fraternity finance, 
(c) Individual chapter finances. 

4. The Fraternity Catalogue. 

(a) Matters of Publication and Finance. 
(jb) Historical Material, 
(c) Biographical Material. 

5. Alumni Relations to the Fraternity. 

(a) Alumni Chapters. 

{b) Alnnmi and the Active Chapters. 

6. Inter-Chapter Relations. 

(a) Acquaintance. 
(6) Correspondence. 

7. Chapter Records. ^ 

(a) Minutes. 

(6) Other Records. 


^. Chapter Libraries, 
(a) Contents. 
(6). Ways and Means. 

9. The (General Fraternity Library, 
(a) Contents. 

(5) Ways and Means. 

10. Chapter Houses. 

(a) Advantages and Management. 

(6) Ways and Means. 

11. Extension. 

(a) Eastern. 

(b) Western. 
(e) Southern. 

12. Nature of the Secrecy of the Fraternity. 

13. Extended Chapter Histories. 

14. The next Annual Convention. 

(a) Place. 
(6) Time. 
(e) Questions for Debate and Decision. 

(1) The Prep. Question. 

(*) Constitutional Amendments. 

(») The Withdrawal of Charters. 

(^) Regulation of Taxes and Assessments. 

(^) Miscellaneous Subjects. 

15. Character and Methods of Individual Chapter Work. 

(a) Character of the meetings. 

(6) General standard of membership. 

(c) Numbers. 

(d) Methods of solicitation. 

{e) Ritualistic observance and knowledge. 

(/) Constitutional observance and knowledge. 

(ff) General knowledge of Delta Tau Delta matters and histoiy. 

(h) General knowledge of Greek-Letter Society matters and 

(t) Songs and song-book. 

16. Honorary Members. 

'17. The Expulsion of Members. 


From a recent letter of Hon. Alfred M. Post, Beta, '69, who is tibe 
Judge of the Fourth Judicial District of Nebraska, we quote the 
following : 

I am much pleased with The Cbescent. It speaks well for the enter- 
prise of the younger members of the fraternity, and I predict will exert a 
powerful influence in extending and strengthening the ATA, I hand you» 
enclosed, the price of one year's subscription. I also received lately a copy 
of the General Catalogue of 1884, with which I am much pleased. The 
compilers have done their work well. I notice with pleasure and pride the 
continued success in life of my brothers of old Beta. 

Although it is pleasant to feel that one's efforts are appreciated, 
we publish this extract from no personal motive, but simply because 
it serves our purpose to show that the fraternity idea is more than a 
school boy's chimera or the irrational sentiment of visionary col- 
lege students. The simple fact that men of public prominence like 
Judge Post, who have for years been far removed from the circles of 
fraternity influence and association, continue to look back upon their 
fraternity days with pleasure ; that they commend the work of their 
fraternity, view its progress and prosperity with satisfaction, and give 
their personal support in promoting its most vital interests, — ^this in 
itself is a valid and convincing argument for the existence of frater- 
nities. While the Greek Societies continue to enlist the active interest, 
the warm sympathy, the moral sanction of such men, they can well 
afford to contemptuously ignore the harmless invective and vapid 
denunciation of anti-fr^temity screamers and ranters. 

The Zeta chapter of Chi Phi, at Franklin and Marshall Collie, 
asked for and obtained permission from the General Convention of 
that fraternity, held in New York city in November, to initiate mem- 
bers belonging to a former chapter of the Delta Tau Delta fraternity. 
A resolution to this effect appears in the oflQcial printed proceedings 
of that body, and must be regarded as authentic. Before commenting 
frirther on this subject we desire to offer as our excuse for discussing 
the secret acts of Chi Phi in this manner, that this so immediately 
affects the interests of our fraternity that The Crescent, true to its 
mission, is amply justified in taking such a step. 

We are assured that the members of our late Tau chapter at 
Franklin and Marshall College have not, until quite recently, been 
aware of this action on the part of Chi Phi. Overtures, it is true, 
were made some months ago by at least two of the fraternities at that 


college, Chi Phi being one of them, to individual members of our fra- 
ternity, but they were promptly repelled. The members of Tau are 
too sensitive of their personal honor to forget and violate their obliga- 
tions to Delta Tau Delta, no matter how keenly they may feel, and 
deeply regret, the action of the last Convention in withdrawing their 
charter. It is evident, then, that Chi Phi made its calculations with- 
out due regard to both parties of the proposed bargain, and that it 
was done in anticipation of a poMnbility that our late Tau chapter 
might individually or collectively, accept its invitation. The act, 
moreover, in our estimation, is entirely characteristic of Chi Phi at 
Franklin and Marshall College, whose methods and practices in both 
college and interfratemity relations have, for many years, been of a 
particularly vicious and obnoxious character. Had they known, as 
many members of our fraternity do know, the feeling of our brethren 
of the Tau toward that chapter of Chi Phi in particular and that fra- 
ternity in general, they would scarcely have taken the trouble to ask 
for a privilege in their Oeneral Convention, which they since have 
found cannot be exercised. They have misjudged Tau's ideas of per- 
sonal association and have underestimated its sense of honor. 

Aside, however, from this view of the matter, which reflects alike 
honor and credit upon the loyalty of our men, there is another aspect 
of the case. Chi Phi, we understand on good authority, has long 
desired to withdraw from Franklin and Marshall College, probably 
owing to the character of its chapter. It is interesting to imagine 
what might occur when the time for its departure from that college 
will have come. It remains to be seen whether men who tempt others, 
as its Zeta chapter have done, will remain true to their fraternity 
under similar circumstances. 

What of the position of the General Convention of Chi Phi in this 
matter ? We do not know by what vote the resolution, referred to 
here, was adopted. We can only hope that there may have been a 
strong minority, and that the majority did not fairly represent the best 
thought and element in Chi Phi. There are at least a few chapters of 
that fraternity which, we know, would not knowingly countenance such 
a scheme, that should merit the severest censure of every decent 
fraternity man. We cannot assume that Chi Phi should be so lax in 
its ideas of comity and justice. We therefore assume, in all charity, 
that the Convention which authorized such an act, did not represent 
the best elements of the fraternity. 


We are in receipt of recent numbers of The Rho Chronicle, whidi 
has now entered upon its seventh volume, and has reached us during 
that time with almost unfailing regularity. Up to within two years it 
was published by our chapter at the Stevens Institute of Technology. 
It was then enlarged, its sphere extended, and is now issued Jointly 
by the Rho and Upsilon at the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. It 
was justly reasoned, in thus changing the scope and character of the 
paper, that inasmuch as the alumni of these two chapters, as members 
of the same profession, that of engineering, have many interests in 
<X)mmon, a publication which would contain alumni personalia, chapter, 
college and fraternity news, and similar features, would prove equally 
acceptable to the alumni and undergraduates of our two technical 

The ChronicU affords an excellent insight into the methods oi the 
two chapters ; and we have no doubt that much of their prosperity 
and general efficiency are due to the hearty feeling of concord and the 
practical co-operation which characterize the relations between their 
imdergraduates and alumni. These are carefully fostered by the 
agency of The Chronicle. It aims to supplement, — by no means to 
supplant, — the general fraternity journal ; that it does its work without 
detriment to The Crescent, is shown by the large subscription list 
which Rho, the older of the two chapters, annually contributes for its 
support. Nor does it conflict in any way with the interests of the col- 
lege journal, as inquiry to that effect has shown. As an aid in main- 
taining an efficient organization within the ranks of the chapter alumni 
its value cannot be overestimated. 

The enterprise, in some respects, is unique in the history of college 
fraternities. Attempts have been made from time to time by ambi- 
tious chapters of other fraternities to conduct these chapter papers, 
and in our own fraternity The lota Chronicle, Epsilon Star, and Beta 
Beta Reporter are instances in point. None of these, however, remain 
to-day as permanent features in the work of those chapters, owing 
probably to the inadequate financial support which they received on 
the part of the alumni, rather than from any inability or unwillingness 
of the undergraduates to assume the duty of publishing the papers. 

The Rho Chronicle was primarily designed for circulation within 
the two chapters and among their alumni. It is familiar to all of the 
chapters ; we do not, however, think that it is generally known that it 
is sustained wholly by means of voluntary subscriptions on part of the 


alumni, who seem to provide liberally for all of its wants. We regard 
this as a most encouraging feature ; the expenses of publication can- 
not be small, and it is satisfactory to know that the enterprise is self- 
sustaining, and that the undergraduates are merely required to attend 
to the details of publication. 

There are to-day a dozen or more chapters of our fraternity, whose 
alumni are sufficiently numerous to enable the undergraduates to pro- 
vide at least a quarterly, if not a monthl}', publication like The Rho 
Chronicle. An annual or semi-annual circular letter, as issued by some 
of the fraternities under constitutional enactment, while useful in a 
measure, cannot, however, serve the purpose as well as can be done in 
a quarterly, or, better still, a monthly paper. We feel sure that if any 
of our chapters who desire to give the plan a trial, will communicate 
with the managers of The Chronicle^ the}' will be able to obtain much 
information as to how best to secure alumni co-operation in an enter- 
prise of this kind. 

We commend these suggestions to the careful consideration of our 
older chapters especially, and hope to be made fully acquainted with 
any plans that may be formed. If one or two of the alumni will take 
the trouble to agitate this subject of their colleagues, and provide the 
undergraduates with the " sinews of war," they will, we firmly believe, 
find every chapter prepared to cany^ out, so far as it lies in the power 
of the undergraduates to do so, the arrangement for a chapter paper. 

Thi want of a Fraternity Song Book is painfully apparent at every 
chapter meeting, at every social reunion, at every fraternity convention 
and banquet It must, indeed, be confessed that song is an almost 
foi^otten feature, a lost accomplishment, in many of our chapters. 
Nothing would do more toward emphasizing the sentimental side of 
our fraternity than poetry and song, which should receive the best 
thought and attention that the fraternity can conmiand. It is surpris- 
ing that this long-felt want has never been supplied. The subject of a 
Fraternity Song Book has been discussed for at least a half decade, 
has been entrusted to several chapters in turn, and yet, until quite 
recently, these efforts have never even promised to lead to something 
tangible. In this matter, however. Delta Tau Delta has sympathizing 
companions in the most of her sister fraternities. The number of 
really successful and meritorious song collections of other fraternities 
can be numbered on one's fingers' ends ; there are a score or more of 


iong books, so-called, which are the merest apdogies for the name. li 
it well, perhaps, that Delta Tau Delta has not heretofore placed herself 
on record in this direction, for it is not likely that any attempt which 
Biifl^t have resulted in a song book would have attained the beel 
standards current in this field of fraternity literature to-day. 

We believe, however, that we are nearer than ever the solution of 
the problem which has so long confronted us. The work is in tbm 
hands of the Iota, long known as a chapter which has done more than 
most others in voicing the praises of Delta Tau Delta in both poetxj 
and song. Bro. Lucius W. Hoyt, of Grand Rapids, Mich., an alumnot 
of the Iota, has immediate charge of the work ; himself a musician 
and lover of music, we may hope with good reason that the energy 
and interest which he is devoting to the work entrusted to his caie 
may soon result in something tangible. Bro. Hoyt, we believe, fUlj 
realises the imperfections of the majority of fraternity song bo(A9, 
and, having at command a number of them, we may be sure that he 
will exercise such a censorship over the contributions for the song 
book which will keep it free from the puerile and meaningless songa 
which mar so many fraternity song books ; nor is the music so largely 
in both college and fraternity song books of that high order which one 
might reasonably expect ; the airs and melodies, so largely borrowed 
from negro and other hackneyed current song, cannot compare with 
the songs found at German and English universities. Our own frater- 
nity airs should be so selected, either originally or by adaptation, that 
when heard in after life, upon festive occasions, they might incite only 
pleasant recollections of gatherings in some far-distant chapter-halL 

It is proposed to publish in one dainty volume the " Songs and 
Poems of Delta Tau Delta." There is material enough on hand, evmi 
at this time, to make it creditable to the fraternity. It may not be 
possible, perhaps, to reach at once the highest standards, for several 
of the fraternities have published repeatedly revised editions of their 
song books. We cannot, however, much longer delay the publication 
of the book ; the immediate wants of the fraternity are too pressing 
and too well known to admit of farther postponement We trust, 
therefore, that the chapters will cordially co-operate with Bro. Hoyt in 
his eSoTts to make the volume one of both use and ornament to the 

cHAfTSR urrms. 14T 

Zbc 6rcc\i Morib* 

Thb editor of the Chi Psi Purple and Gold, in speaking ot 
Jf raternity Government, remarks : 

What are some of these plans of goyemment ? One of our friends has 
Mflered long under the grand chapter system, which, be it said, he aclqiowl- 
t0g0S to be imperfect. What we have said of the pernicious effect of under- 
graduate control applies here. Each conyention placed the power in new 
^d untried hands. In the language of political science it was an electiye 
monarchy. History has demonstrated the failure of such a goyemmental 
agrslem. Bxperience has shown to more than one fraternity that it is 
tqui^y a failure in society life. Still less may be said of that system which 
inakes the mother chapter the perpetual seat of goyemment. No words are 
needed to prove its weakness. A grand council of Tilumni can hardly be 
called the ideal system. Exclusiye alumni control, it should be remembered, 
firlually disfranchises the active members. The fact, however, that there is 
an experienced head to the government in the person of the president of the 
council must not be overlooked. When, as we interpret the system of a 
eertain fraternity, the presidents of divisions bind the alumni board of oon- 
tyol closely to the under-graduates, little fault can be found with its solution 
of the problem. The system of a governing committee composed of under- 
graduates and alumni has been tried. One of the latter as chairman of the 
board is ostensibly the head of the fraternity. Prominent alumni may be 
elected to nominal offices, but the executive control rests in the mixed board. 
Tbia seems to be the coming system, and many fraternities have already 
adopted it. It unites in one board representatives of the two great divisions 
of a fraternity. Power is centralized where the experience of the older 
brother can balance and check the enthusiasm of his younger associate. 
The bond between alumnus and collegian is drawn closer. Inherent faults 
and defects every plan must have in a greater or less degree. Neverthe- 
less, as we look abroad among the scores of fraternities, we cannot but feel 
that this system and systems closely allied to it are destined to stand in fra- 
lernity history where stands the republican form of government in the 
greater world. 

OovEBNOR Samuel D. McEnbbt, of Louisiana, is a ^K2) 
John Bigelow, ex-Minister to France, is a ^ ^ ; Mr. Justice 
Stephen J. Field is a J 7", and not a !F r as the type made us say 
in our last number; William G. Goodloe, ex-Minister to Bel- 
gium, is a (P r* J ; the late B. Gratz Brown, candidate for Vice 


Om Psi is represented in the present (49th) Congress by one 
Senator and four Representatives. 

It is said that the charter of the University of Chicago Chap- 
ter of W T has been withdrawn. 

Ex-Pbesident Abthub has been elected President of the New 
York Psi Upsilon Association. 

Only four men have been initiated by the fraternities at Han- 
over College this year. 

The Convention of the Fifth Province of Sigma Chi met in 
Chicago on January 4. 

Chi Psi at Williams expects to break ground soon for a new 
chapter house. 

2 A E has established a chapter at WoflFord College. 

K 2 has entered Perdue University. 


Cbapter Xettere* 

Beta Epsilon — Emory. 

We are moving along smoothly at Emory, and there is noth- 
ing veiy interesting occurring. Since the last number of Thb 
Orescent came out, the reports of the relative standing of the 
students were read in the Chapel. The ^^ Delta Taus" shared 
the third mark in the junior class ; the first, second and third iu 
the soph. ; the third in the freshman, and the first in the sub* 
freshman. All of our boys came out well — none were low in 

Our chapter is in a good condition, and is moving steadily 
onward in her progress. Although it seemed that the fates were 
against us for awhile, we are now hopeful that our chapter ere 
long will be unexcelled in Emory. We greatly feel the lack of 
Delta Taus in the South. There are so few in the South that it 
is quite a rare thing ever to meet one. We plead for South- 
ern extension. 

Psi — Woostcr. 

Miss A. B. Irish, Ph. D., Prof, of German Language and 
Literature in the University, died of scarlet fever, February 12. 
The school has not received so severe a shock since its establish- 
ment. Miss Irish was esteemed by all, and especially by those 
who were privileged to be in her classes. But what is our loss, 
we have reason to believe, is her gain. 

Wooster's Preliminary Oratorical Contest was won again by 
a Delt — Bro. J. M. Shallenberger. He took for his subject, 
*' Liberty Enlightening the World." It was treated in a mas- 
terly manner, and fairly captivated the audience. Bro. Shelly 
will represent Wooster at the Inter-Collegiate Contest, to be held 
at Granville, February 18. Expect to hear from it. Nothing 
special is happening here among the frats. The ^ K W% bring 
out a man every now and then, but the other frats. are holding 


Zeta — Adelbert. 

The past month has been unusually quiet in fraternity circles. 
We have held our regular meetings, and they have been very 
profitable. On December 3, the College sustained a great loss 
in the death of Professor Spencer M. Freeman, who filled the 
Chair of Physics and Astronomy. Professor Freeman was a 
graduate of the University of Rochester and Johns Hopkins, and 
had a future of great promise before him, he being only thirty- 
two years of age. We enjoyed a very pleasant visit from Bro. 
George A. Reid, of Chi, last week. Bro. H. G. Sherman has 
been compelled to give up his practice, and go South for his 
health. The last Conference of the Second Division left it 
undecided where this year's Conference should be held, leaving 
the decision to the Division at large. Zeta feels that slie is in 
a position where she is able to entertain the Division, and prob- 
ably with as much benefit to the chapter as ever. Several of 
the chapters have already expressed their willingness to come to 
Cleveland. The picture called the Case School of Applied Sci- 
ence, in Harpers Monthly for March, is a very good picture of 
our college. We have received the Chronicle and the Choctaw 
PoW' WoWy for which the chapters will please accept thanks. If 
the chapters are as good as their papers, the fraternity may well 
feel proud of them. May the Paw- Wow prosper. 

Eta — Buchtel. 

As the time for holding the Second Division Conference 
draws near. Eta begins to question the place of meeting. As it 
is advisable that as raauy Delts as possible should be present — 
delegates, actives and alumni — we think it would be well to 
select some place that would be most likely to allow of the 
assembling of the most members and alumni. We have a num- 
ber of alumni at Cleveland who always attend Delta gatherings, 
beside Zeta, who would entertain royally. We suggest that the 
committee on time and place consider Cleveland and Zeta. 

Buchtel rejoices in an observatory, well equipped, with a good 
4^-inch telescope, transit circle with 3-inch glass, sidereal clock, 


chronograph and sextant. A mean clock will soon be added. 
Professor Howe hopes to give time to the cities of Northern 

The Juniors are to publish an annual, of which Bro. Stuart 
is editor-in-chief. Everything bids fair for the success of the 
journal. The contest of our local association resulted in Mr. 
Page, ^ J 0, first ; Mr. Thompson, ^ J 0, second ; Mr. Roth- 
roch, A T J, third. Mr. Page received fifth place at the State 
Oratorical Contest. 

Omicron — State University of Iowa. 

The new year opens favorably with us. Brothers Hedrick 
and Kufus Clark are not with us this term. Herbert Perry, '88» 
is with us once more. The A T A& closed '85 with a german, in 
which seventeen couples took part. It will be remembered as 
one of the pleasantest social events in the history of Omicron. 
Brother J. L. Teeters took second honors in the Home Oratori- 
cal Contest. Professor T. H. McBride, '69, of Zeta Prime, has 
written some interesting articles for the Nortlk, American Heview 
lately. Rev. A. J. Beavis, '78, Beta Epsilon, Monmouth, Illi- 
nois, has recently taken charge of the Unitarian Church of this 
city. Omicron extends a hearty welcome to Bro. Beavis. Our 
rival fraternities are in flourishing condition. The Beta Theta Pi 
initiated six men this term. The Sigma Chis have fuUy regained 
their position, partially lost last year. They are now in good 
working condition ; one initiate this term. The Phi Delta 
Thetas have not recovered their position lost by the graduation 
of '85. The Phi Kappa Psis have improved their time this year 
by initiating four members. 

Beta Kappa — University of Colorado. 

Again we appear to introduce to Delta Tau Delta two new 
brothers, — Lambert Sternberg, '88, of Boulder ; and G. B. 
Blake, '86 (Medical Department), of Louisiana. With these we 
feel content to close our roll for '85-6. Brothers Sternberg and 
Blake increase our number of active members to ten, — "good 
men and true." 


Zeta — Adelbert. 

The past month has been unusually quiet in fraternity circles. 
We have held our regular meetings, and they have been very 
profitable. On December 3, the College sustained a great loss 
in the death of Professor Spencer M. Freeman, who filled the 
Chair of Physics and Astronomy. Professor Freeman was a 
graduate of the University of Rochester and Johns Hopkins, and 
had a future of great promise before him, he being only thirty- 
two years of age. We enjoyed a very pleasant visit from Bro. 
George A. Keid, of Chi, last week. Bro. H. G. Sherman has 
been compelled to give up his practice, and go South for his 
health. The last Conference of the Second Division left it 
undecided where this year's Conference should be held, leaving 
the decision to the Division at large. Zeta feels that she is in 
a position where she is able to entertain the Division, and prob- 
ably with as much benefit to the chapter as ever. Several of 
the chapters have already expressed their willingness to come to 
Cleveland. The picture called the Case School of Applied Sci- 
ence, in Harpers Monthly for March, is a very good picture of 
our college. We have received the ChronicU and the Choctaw 
PoW' Wow^ for which the chapters will please accept thanks. If 
the chapters are as good as their papers, the fraternity may well 
feel proud of them. May the JW- Woiv prosper. 

Eta — Buchtcl. 

As the time for holding the Second Division Conference 
draws near. Eta begins to question the place of meeting. As it 
is advisable that as mauy Delts as possible should be present — 
delegates, actives and alumni — we think it would be well to 
select some place that would be most likely to allow of the 
assembling of the most members and alumni. We have a num- 
ber of alumni at Cleveland who always attend Delta gatherings, 
beside Zeta, who would entertain royally. We suggest that the 
committee on time and place consider Cleveland and Zeta. 

Buchtel rejoices in an observatory, well equipped, with a good 
4^-inch telescope, transit circle with 3-inch glass, sidereal clock, 


chronograph and sextant. A mean clock will soon be added. 
Professor Howe hopes to give time to the cities of Northern 

The Juniors are to publish an annual, of which Bro. Stuart 
is editor-in-chief. Everything bids fair for the success of the 
journal. The contest of our local association resulted in Mr. 
Page, ^ J 0, first ; Mr. Thompson, ^ J 0, second ; Mr. Roth- 
roch, A T A^ third. Mr. Page received fifth place at the State 
Oratorical Contest. 

Omicron — State University of Iowa. 

The new year opens favorably with us. Brothers Hedrick 
and Kufus Clark are not with us this term. Herbert Perry, '88» 
is with us once more. The A T As closed '85 with a german, in 
which seventeen couples took part. It will be remembered as 
one of the pleasantest social events in the history of Omicron. 
Brother J. L. Teeters took second honors in the Home Oratori- 
cal Contest. Professor T. H. McBride, '69, of Zeta Prime, has 
written some interesting articles for the North Americcm Jtiemew 
lately. Rev. A. J. Beavis, '78, Beta Epsilon, Monmouth, Illi- 
nois, has recently taken charge of the Unitarian Church of this 
city. Omicron extends a hearty welcome to Bro. Beavis. Our 
rival fraternities are in flourishing condition. The Beta Theta Pi 
initiated six men this term. The Sigma Chis have fuUy regained 
their position, partially lost last year. They are now in good 
working condition ; one initiate this term. The Phi Delta 
Thetas have not recovered their position lost by the graduation 
of '85. The Phi Kappa Psis have improved their time this year 
by initiating four members. 

Beta Kappa — University of Colorado. 

Again we appear to introduce to Delta Tau Delta two new 
brothers, — Lambert Sternberg, '88, of Boulder ; and G. B. 
Blake, '86 (Medical Department), of Louisiana. With these we 
feel content to close our roll for '86-6. Brothers Sternberg and 
Blake increase our number of active members to ten, — ''good 
men and true." 


Oar work this jear has nnited in Beta Kappa the best el^ 
ment in the College. We feel that our roll of members can not 
be bettered. All are active and interested in the progress of 
Beta Kappa Chapter, and the fraternity in general. The alumni 
in this State are active with us also, and have aided us in mak- 
ing some very substantial improvements. 

Phi — Hanover. 

Fraternity news is very scarce at Hanover just now ; none 
of the frats. seem to be doing anything. This has been a very 
poor year all round for new fraternity men — only tliree or four 
new men have been taken in by all the fraternities here. They 
all seem to have hopes for the future, and ATA joins with 
them in this desire. Bro. Ryker, class '82, of the Signal Ser- 
vice, stationed at Indianapolis, is here on a visit to his home. 
He is looking well, and seems to be in the very best of spirits. 
We don't know anything about it, but we suspect that Bro. R. 
is getting tired of the oneness of the life he is leading just now, 
and is contemplating a change, which is a little out of the order 
of a weather prophet. The coming Oratorical Contest for the 
choosing of a speaker to represent the college in the State Ora- 
torical Contest next April, promises to be the most exciting 
Hanover has ever had, there being six or seven contestants. 
ATA having no seniors is out of the ring, so will take a back 
seat, and divide her hopes and good wishes among all the con- 
testants. Phi is in good working order now ; everything moves 
smoothly along. Two of our men had the honor places on the 
32nd of February exhibition. 

Rho— Stevens. 

Immediately after the Christmas holidays, the Chapter sig- 
nalized its return to college duties and pleasures by holding, on 
January 8, 1886, an informal re-union, — the occasion of the first 
meeting of the new term. It was designed to bring together for 
a pleasant evening the undergraduates and the alumni of Rho, 
and also to present to the latter our Freshman delegation, to 
which we hoped to have been able to make an addition of two on 


that occasion. Unforeseen circumstances, however, delayed 
these initiations until one or two weeks afterward ; nevertheless 
•our alumni were able to meet with two of our Freshmen. 
Among the eighteen alumni present were several who graduated 
many years ago, in the early history of the chapter. It is need- 
less to say that all the undergraduates were on hand. We also 
had the pleasure of having with us Brothers W. W. Cook, J, 
'80, H. R. Asseroh, r, '87, and F. F. Martinez, 2, '82. Ar- 
rangements had been made for an appropriate collation, and the 
resources of the lately-established chapter culinary department 
were for the first time tried. Speeches were made by several of 
the alumni and undergraduates, — college matters being chiefly 
the topic of the remarks. In tlie judgment of those present it 
was a decided success, lessening, by an appreciable extent, the 
gap between the chapter and the alumni, which time tends to 
widen, and which must be checked by such occasional reunions. 
We have since initiated the two freshmen whom we had hoped 
to present to our alumni at the reunion. Mr. Wm. J. Hamilton, 
of Albany, N. Y., was initiated on January 15, and Mr. Wm. 
Dixie Hoxie, on January 29. We had quite a number of alumni 
with us at Bro. Hoxie's initiation, and our china was again tried. 
On the whole, the last Conference held in New York, Febru- 
ary 22, under the auspices of the Chapter Sigma, was quite a 
success, some very important topics being discussed. The per- 
formance witnessed by the theater party and the banquet might 
have been better, the latter, however, was very enjoyable. We 
hope to make a great success of next year's Conference, which will 
be held under our auspices. Our chapter library, which is now 
being catalogued by Bro. Peck, has grown to be quite an important 
factor. Though yet young, it now contains over 500 volumes, 
which are of great interest and use to us. In our next communi- 
cation we hope to be able to present a statement of the Fra- 
ternity System at Stevens, regarded from a statistical and histori- 
cal standpoint, and which we hope may prove interesting. 


Beta Zeta — Butler. 

This term has proved a very prosperous one for the college. 
In the classes and societies the students have shown an unusual 
devotion to their work. Almost nothing of a sensational nature 
has occurred. At the first of the term the ladies of the "Demia 
Butler" literary society, a society excluding fraternity members, 
appeared each with a neatly devised badge.* The first impres- 
sion among the students was that another fraternity had been 
introduced. Our chapter, which, after struggling so long for 
existence, experienced such a sudden growth last term, is still 
holding its own. Our ranks have lately been strengthened by 
one of the best members of the freshman class. This addition, 
H. L. Wilson, we take the pleasure to introduce to the Delta 
world. Bro. Wise, who was obliged to stay out last term, is 
welcomed back by us all ; now we are thirteen. 

Alpha — Allegheny. 

Permit us to introduce to you Bros. C. S. H. Smith, '89,. 
Buffalo, N. Y., Allen I. Warren, '89, Wheeling, W. Va., both of 
whom we initiated since our last communication to The Orescent. 
These are two of the finest men, to say the least, that entered 
college this year. Our chapter feels proud of having made this 
accession. This swells our numbers to nine active members, 
although we were one at the beginning of the collegiate year. 
This will show the hold that Alpha has upon our college. Our 
numbers may fall away, but the spirit will always remain. 
There are one or two men in college we are now looking up. 
We only hope they may prove to possess the requisites of a 
loyal Delta. Alpha has finally commenced the publication of a 
chapter paper called the Choctaw Pow- Wmc, the first number of 
which she mailed recently. This is something that our chapter 
has long needed. We will endeavor to make it an interesting 
sheet, — one full of college note, alumni news, etc. We hope 
by this means to recall to the minds 6i our alumni the pleasant 
times spent while actives. Our annual Choctaw Pow- Wow and 
Walk Around will take place on Friday, February 26, at thfr 


Commercial Hotel. We look upon this as one of the many 
pleasant features of the chapter. We all look forward to it with 
many happy anticipations, as it has always proven to be most 
enjoyable. Bros. Baldwin and Kistler made us a very pleasant 
call, and gave us many kind words of encouragement. May they 
•come often. 

Xi — Simpson. 

OuB goat has again performed its official duty, and we chron- 
icle the birth of a new frater. Samuel M. Fegthy, '90, of 
Nevada, Iowa, was initiated on the evening of January 28, who 
makes the eighth active member who assembles at the regular 
Saturday evening meetings. We are pleased to note the reani- 
mated prosperity of Simpson College. She enrolls more students 
this term than ever before in her history. With an enlarged 
faculty and additional financial encouragement recently received, 
guaranteeing more surely the erection of another new building 
during the coming summer season, her outlook never appeared 
more promising. Our active force enjoyed a pleasant little mid- 
winter ' ' diversion " the evening of January 21 . After convening 
in the chapter rooms to spend a short time with their ladies, 
they adjourned en mas8e to listen to the entertainment given by 
the Schubert Quartette at the Opera Hall, then repaired to the 
Central House, where an informal supper was partaken of and 
the other pleasantries unavoidable upon such occasions were 
enjoyed till a late hour. We continue to adorn our chapter hall 
from time to time with an additional article of furniture or other 
convenience, the latest of which is a large and most elegantly 
bound copy of the Holy Scriptures. We have recently adopted 
and are now working under a thoroughly revised and improved 
code of chapter by-laws, and have ameli« ated our internal con- 
dition by introducing other innovations. Kev. C. C. Calhoun, 
alumnus of a defunct eastern chapter, but whose name unfor- 
tunately does not occur in the new catalogue, is pastor of the 
United Presbyterian Church of Indianola. 



Hlumni of Delta ^au S)elta. 

Alpha— Alubohxht. 

It. Uf, J. 8. Stoirart hM • flotd pr»cttc« at 
Homettoad, Pa^, near Pittsbargh. 

*18. C. X. Carnataan is paitaer in the Linden 
Iron Worka, at Pittabargh. 

*70. James £. Dancan, of Pittsbargh, is a 
member of the firm of Duncan A Sons, glass 
manafaolorers, Pittsbnrgli. 

*T8. L. L. Davis, J. V. White and W. H. 
White, Are rising attorneys of Pittsboigh. 

*88. P. Mc K. White is Physician to the 
Work Honse of Allegheny county. Pa. 

*flB. X. <^ Whistle is with Bissel A Co., 
wholesale stoves, Ac, Pittsbargh. 

^78. H. H. Marcy, attorney at law, Pitts- 

*a4. J. C. White is attending the DenUl 
College of the University of Pennsylvania, 
Phlladripbia. He is president of the senior 

*T4. Wm. H. Brown and **8am'' Brown, 
Gramma, *(Ki, are leading coal producers of 

*8I. J. D. Watson is studying law with his 
father In Pittoburgh. 

*78. C. B. Mills is traveling in Bnrope, pur- 
soing his art studies. 

*88. J. M. McCready is attending lectures at 
Bellevue medical school. New York. 

*fl5. J. M. Thompson took his degree of M. D. 
fr<Mn Hahnemann Medical College, Chicago, 
on Feb. 85, 1886. 

*84. B. W. Day, of the U. S. Signal Corps, 
has been ordered to Washington for promo- 

*80. P. T. Kimball is general advertising 
agent for P., C. A St. L. R. R., and P., F. W. A 
C. R.R. 

*88. Irvine Watson is general agent of the 
Merrick Thread Company west of the Missouri 
river, with headquarters at Lincoln, Neb. 

*84. Will A. PItton, M. D., has accepted a 
position in the Tennessee Insane Hospital at 

*77. W. C. Bear is becoming prominent as a 
criminal lawyer at Newcastle, Pa. 

*71. Rev. D. H. GFeissinger of Baston, Pa., 
was present as guest of the Martin Luther 
Society, upon the occasion of its third annual 
meeting, on February 9, 1886; he responded 
to the tosst **The Layman's Part in Church 

Kappa— HiLLBDAiiB. 

'09. Will Carleton contributed an aHicl» #0- 
*'A Qrandson of Robert Boms** to James 
Parton*s new book entitled **8ome Noftad 
Princes, Authors and Statesman ot our TInMi** 

'70. The Hon. Albert J. Hopkins represents 
the Fifth District of Illinois in the Forty- 
ninth Congress. He was a President!^ JBleetor 
for Illinois, on the Blaine and Logan ticket in 

'69. Prof. Copp, a founder of the Kapya, 
spent the holiday vacation in Boston, attending 
the sessions of the Modem Language AiMfi 

'75. Otto Fowle is a banker at Sanlt 8te^ 
Marie, Mich. 

'76. Professor A. B. Haynes was elected 
a member of the London Matiiematical Soeiflty 
on December 10, 1885. 

'88. Married.— At Reading, Mich., Jan. 14, 
Bion J. Arnold to Miss Stella Berry. They at 
ouoe took their depsrtore to their new hone 
in Milwaukee, Wis., where B. J. is In the 
employ of B. P. Allis, engine manufnctnrers. 
This firm designed the famous Corliss aogtaie 
at the Philadelphia CentenniaL 

'78. A. M. Gonld is president of the Michigan 
Alumni Association of Delta Tan Delta. 

BSTA BSTA— Ds Pauw. 

'71. Harvey B. Fatout, at the meeting of the 
Association of Surveyors and Civil Bngineers 
of Indiana, held in Indianapolia, Jan. 19i, 1816, 
read a paper on **Fees of County Sarveyorii" 
in which he called attention to the inoonaist- 
encies and ambiguities of the Indiana Fee- 
Bill, which was enacted years ago, when the 
principal work to be done was land surveying; 
while now that is the smaller part ; at present 
it is a great hindrance to the adjastment of 
charges. Tho paper certainly revealed a very 
bad state of affairs and was very geneiany 
discassed by the Association. Bro. Fatout 
was elected Recording Secretary of the 
society for the ensuing year. 

'81. Thomas Bdward Rowan, son of the Hon. 
John and Sarah F. Rowan, was bom near 
LIvermore, McLean Oonnty, Kentoeky, Octo- 
ber 1, 1859 ; entered the Freshman class of 
DePauw University in September, 1877; ini- 
tiated into Delta Tau Delta November 89, 1879; 
graduated with the degree of B. A. in June, 



Wn ; te ekoMn pvolMdan wm the Uw, bat h« 
ifvotod blmMlf to farmlitglB kopM«C fteor- 
«l^ kit lalliBf fcwltfc; dtod of pnemnonlc 
pIrtfeMi fli Ids borne In LiTermore, NoTember 
^ li, 1MB, end wm buried at Pleasant Hill M. B. 
Ohnidi, in McLean Coonty, the following day. 

Bthlov— Albiov. 
*m R. B. Clark, now of Jackaon, Mich., oon- 
twiplarni moving to Chicago, whence he will 
take the road in the employ of a wholeaale 

*W. H. A. Mllla is making a grand SQCcesa 
«f Ue work as Dean of the School of Fine 
AfH at De Panw UnlTentty. 

*1& C. H. Chase has solved a problem on 
iMeh opticians have heretofore labored on- 
sneceasfally. He haa invented an apparatna 
isr grtedlng telescope lenses. The process 
haa heretofore been accomplished only by 
hand and at great expense. 

^$0, O. C. Brown and C. R. Welch with their 
vlvea have left Dakota and come home to 
most for the winter. 

*81. ** Weighing the baby'' was a scene at Z. 
A. Clongh'a home, Cheaoming, Mich., one day 
lecently. It is a girl. 

*flliL J. W. Davids is pastor of the M. B. 
Gl«reh, at Lowell, Mich. He writes that he is 
miffing with great success in his work. 

'88. W. O. Carrier will graduate from the 
Presbyterian Theological Seminary at Anbam, 
M. T., this spring. He now fills a pulpit near 

*M. Q. B. WUlitts is interested In a book 
pnhUahing honse, in Chicago. 

*85. H. C. Morris is principal of the Marleth, 
]lieh.« high school. He is reported to be doing 
nobly in his efforts to teach the young idea 

m, O. H. Hicks is sUtion agent at Qrayiing, 
Mich., on the M. C. R. R. It is a good position 
iBd BO one^deserves it more richly than does 

*». A. D. Klsknn will graduate from West 
Point this year. 

^ M. O. Reed is showing the people at 
Caasvllle, Mich., what a live man can do at 
teaching school. 

*«r. J. T. Docking is attending the M. B. 
Theological School at Boston, Mass. He is 
also assistant librarian of the institution. 

*9t. Tom Cox is the deservedly popular 
paater of the M. B. Church at Nashville, Mich. 

Oaxha— WA8WJi«toa JJID jBvmaov. 

'M. Albert W. Bennon is attending the OIn- 
dnnati Law School. 

'84. Blmer F. Frasher ia studying mediei— 
at the Univeraity of Mnrylaad, Baltimore. 

'88. Charles C. B. Reid will complete his law 
coarse at Columbin this year. 

'88. M. H. Stevenson haa been admitted l» 
the Washington County bar. 

'78. Prof. J. F. Raj, occupying the chair of 
Physics and Chemistry of Washington and 
Jeiferaon College, was highly complimented at 
the meeting of the Pittsburgh Alumni Aaaod* 
ation, November 88. 

Dblta— Ubivbrsitt of Mich io ax. 

'78. The Rev. Dr. Albert W. Ryan is the 
rector of Trinity Memorial Protestant Bpisco- 
pal Church, Warren, Penn. 

'88. J. F. Gallagher is practicing Inw at 
Michigan City, Ind. 

'88. H. C. Alexander is a civil engineer in the 
Dep't of Public Works of the City of Chicago. 

'88. C. D. Willard, who has been dangerously 
ill of typhoid fever, is now in California for 
his health. 

'84. J. S. Callard, C. B., is now constructing 
a bridge for thr Spring Valley Coal Co., of 
Spring Valley, HI. He is Supervising Bngi- 
neer of a division of the Chicago A N.-W. R. 
R., with office at De Kalb, lU. 

'7B. Paul H. Hanus, Professor of Mathe- 
matics in the University of Colorado, has a 
mathematical work, *'DeterminAnts," coming 
from the press of Qinn A Co., Boston, early 
this spring. 

Nu— Lavatbttx. 

'88. L. O. SchulU, of the U. S. Signal Ser- 
vice, has been assigned by the government to^ 
a post-gradunte course of study at Harvard 

'84. W. B. Schoch Is now attending the Med- 
ical Department of the University of Pa. 

'84. Qeo. A. Chase is traveliug In the West. 

'84. A. R. Niles is In parinership with his 
father, Hon. J. B. Niles, attorneys at law, 
Wellsboro, Pa. 

'87. J. B. Hanna, at last accounts, was sUll 
in business in Denison, Texas. 

'88. R. F. Stewart is teaching school In Cen- 
ter Co., Penn. 

'88. R. C. Montelins has not returned to col- 
lege on account of the death of his father. 
He is now connected with the firm of which 
his father was a member, at Mount Carmel,. 



Xi— Simpson. 

'78. Hon. W. P. Powell, member of State 
Leglslatare, '81 and '82, is the present city 
attorney of Indianola. 

'78. C. W. Honnoid le a proeperons mer- 
cHant of Indianola. 

'76. F. B. Taylor, late editor of the Advo- 
cate-Tribune^ has been added to the reportorial 
stafF of the Iowa DaUy State Leader. 

'77. R. P. Anderson is practicing law at 
Seward, Neb. 

'79. J. T. McClare, attorney at law, is 
located at Beaver City, ^eb. 

*78. Ira M. DoLong has resigned his profes- 
sorship at Iowa Central University, and is 
engaged in cdncational work elsewhere at 

'84. C. H. Miller, traveling agent, visited his 
home in Indianola and the chapter recently. 

*84. I. S. Smith is the recent connty superin- 
tendent elect of Park Co., Colorado. 

'86. Rob't Thomson is attending business 
college at Qaincy, 111. 

Upsilon Pbiiib— Illinois State. 

'72. Dr. James N. Matthews has a poem, 
"The Doctor to his Horse," in the Current, 
of Chicago, for January 28, 1886. 

'72. E^f. Ira O. Baker has an article entitled 
''To Find the True Meridian," in Engineering 
Newe, New York, for December 12, 1886. He 
is the regular Illinois correspondent for that 
Joamal. He is the prime mover of a proposed 
Association of Civil Bngineers and Surveyors, 
of Illinois, having issued a call in Engineering 
Newe, November 28, 1885, for a meeting to be 
held February 10, 1886. He was present at 
the meeting of the Association of Surveyors 
and Civil Bngineers, of Indiana, in Indianap- 
olis, on January 19, 1886, and was elected an 
honorary member of the same. 

Rho— Stevens. 

'76. William Kent was elected a member of 
the Board of Managers of the American 
Society of Mechanical Engineers, at their 
Boston meeting in November. 

*7&. James B. Denton has recently l>een 
granted letters patent for several improve- 
ments in rock drills. 

' '77. William I. Cooper is receiving teller of 
the National State Bank, Newark, N. J. 

'77. Bdward A. Uehling is now superintend- 
ent of Sharps ville Furnace, Sharpsville, Pa. 
He has received letters patent for improve- 
ments in blast furnace details ; aUo a patent 
for improvements in burning gas fuel. | 

'80. George M. Bond read a paper entitled, 
*' Standards for Pipe Threads," at the Boston 
meeting of the American Society of Mechani- 
cal Engineers. His lecture before the Frank- 
lin Institute, Philadelphia, on '* Standards of 
Length as applied to Gauge Dimensions," it 
now being published in London Engineering, 

'77. John Rapelje was, on November Ist, 
appointed General Roadmaster of the Colo- 
rado Division of the Union Pacific Railroad, 
with headquarters at Denver. 

'81. Chas. A. Gifford has one of thirte«n 
designs for stables in Part III, of Architectural 
Studies, edited by F. A. Wright, and recently 
published by Wm. T. Comstock, No. 6 Astor 
Place, New York. He had a design for A 
city house facade and an ''interior" on exhi- 
bition at the Salmagundi CInb, New York. 

'8S. Chas. E. Machold has a position with 
the D.. L. & W. R. R. at Bast Buffalo, N. Y. 


Speaker Carlisle has honored Gen. Thomas 
M. Browne (University of Indiana) with a 
place on the Ways and Means Committee of 
the House of Representatives. 

The Rev. Clarence E. Brandt (Phi, '81) la a 
student at the Wer tern Theological Seminary 
of the Protestant Episcopal Church, Chicago. 

W. S. Payne (Thcta) is preaching for the 
Christian Church in Savannah, Ga. Addreai, 
184 Bolton Street. 

Hon. A. M. Post (Beta, '69) is Presiding 
Judge of the Fourth Judicial District of 
Nebraska. He resides at Columbus, Neb. 

William Griffith (Pi, '76) is a civil and min- 
ing engineer at Pittston, Pa. He is loyal to 
"our good old Delta Tan." 

S. G. Smith (Beta Thcta, '88) is a foreign 
stamp Importer at Heckatoo, Ark. 

Timothy Stanton (Beta Kappa, '88) is with 

the State Superintendent of Schools, Denver, 


O. R. Snyder (F. A M. '88), has been ad- 
mitted to the bar at Wer*tmoreIand Co., Pa. 

Rev. G. W. Martin (Beta, '75), is a Presbyte- 
rian Missionary at Manti, Utah. 

J. D. Hedland (Mt. Union, '84), Is located in 
Charleston, S. C. 

J. W. McLean (Theta. '88), Is head master 
of the Porter Institute, Oliarleston, 8. C. 

Maurice O'Connor (Beta Zeta, '82), is ahip- 
ping clerk for J. S. Kirk A Co., Chicago. 

L. W. Uoyt (Iota, '82), was recently elected 

f»resident of the Schubert Club of Grand Rap- 
ds, Mich., a chorus of sixteen male voices. 
The club is well known in this State, and the 
honor to Bro. Hoyt was deserved by him. He 
was treasurer of the Club for two years. 


VOL. IX. MARCH, x886. NO. VI. 


The annual conference of the chapters constituting the First 
Grand Division of the Fraternity, being the fourth of the series, 
met, in accordance with previous announcement, in the City of 
New York, on Monday, February 22, under the general auspices 
of the Sigma Chapter. The business sessions occupied both 
morning and afternoon, and were held in the hall of the 
Apprentices' Library, 18 East Sixteenth street, which, by special 
courtesy of the General Society of Mechanics and Tradesmen of 
the City of New York, had been kindly placed at the disposal of 
the Conference. It proved to be capitally adapted for the pur- 
pose, with its several committee rooms. As early as ten o'clock 
the delegates, visitors and resident members assembled in goodly 
numbers, exchanged the greetings of old friendships and new 
acquaintanceships, bom of a mutual interest in the work of 
Delta Tau Delta. 

The Conference was opened at eleven o'clock by the Rev. 
Lathan A. Crandall, JT, '73, pastor of the East Twenty-Third 
Street Baptist Church, New York, who invoked Divine blessing 
upon the Fraternity and the object which called the Conference 
together. It was an impressive prayer, peculiarly appropriate 
to such an occasion. 

The President of the Conference, Will Carleton, Kappa, '69, 
of Brooklyn, N. Y., delivered the inaugural address, in which 
he took occasion to review the arguments which have been 
arrayed against the fraternity system, offsetting these by means 
of the acknowledged meritorious features of the better class of 

■ V 



these Greek letter societies, — a comparison which it is needless, 
perhaps, to say, could not and did not fail to result to the entire 
satisfaction of the assemblage. That Delta Tan Delta received 
due praise, as one of the fraternities which had lived np to the 
high standard which had been chosen for it, need surprise no one 
who knows Bro. Carleton, as an earnest advocate of our Frater- 
nity. Prof. John L. N. Hunt, 0, '62, of New York, well known 
as one of the founders of the Fraternity, then, in behalf of the 
resident members, delivered the address of welcome to the dele- 
gates and visitors in a particularly happy strain. To this 
l^sponses were made by A. H. Roudebush, -4, '70 ; C. 0. B. 
Reid, r, '83 ; Orrin Serfass, iV, '82 ; E. P. Mowton, P, '86, and 
P. H. H^ert, ^T, '89, representing their several chapters. 

After a brief recess the Conference, shortly after the noon 
hour, promptly organized for business. The report of the Secre- 
tary showed that all of the chapters had sent duly accredited 
representatives ; the President then announced the list of the 
standing committees ; the reports of several of the chapters were 
heard, after which, at 12.30 o'clock p. m., the Conference 
adjourned until the afternoon session. 

At two o'clock the Conference reassembled, heard the remain- 
ing chapter reports, all of which showed them to be in a pros- 
perous condition, with, perhaps, one exception. The reports of 
several of the committees were then heard and action taken 
thereon. As a consequence the date of the next Conference was 
fixed on Tuesday, February 22, 1887. It will be held, as usual, 
in the City of New York, this time under the auspices of the 
Bho Chapter. Upon that occasion the following officers will be 
asked to act : Rev. L. A. Crandall, X, '73, President ; A. P. 
Trautwein, P, '76, and Orrin Serfass, iV, '82, Vice-Presidents; 
B. E. Gregory, r, '88, Secretary. William Kent, P, '76, was 
subsequently elected Orator, and Herbert W. Collingwood, J, '88, 
Poet of the occasion. 

The Conference then listened to a paper read by the Secre- 
tary in the absence of the author, on '^ The Crescent as a Fac- 
tor in the Development of the Fraternity," by E. P. Cullum, 
A^ '82, Secretary of the First Grand Division. It was well 


received and deserves a wider publication. A paper by A. P. 
Trautwein, P, '76,* on "Delta Tan Delta Among the Fraterni- 
ties,'' defined the relative positions of our Fraternity and its 
rivals from various points of view. W. W. Cook, J, '80, then 
made a statement regarding the proposed Chapter Fund, and the 
general financial policy of the Fraternity, defined its legal privi- 
leges and responsibilities, and thus gave in outline {;he ideas 
embodied in a paper upon the subject which he had been invited 
to prepare. A statement was received from J. B. Ware, /, '82, 
General Treasurer of the Fraternity, urging the chapters to take 
such action as may be within their power, and make the Chapter 
Fund a permanent feature in our financial system. The Confer^ 
ence then took a brief recess, during which L. W. Serrell, P, '87, 
succeeded in taking an excellent group photograph of the Con- 
ference. Upon reassembling, a number of resolutions were dis- 
cussed regarding matters of general fraternity policy, proposed 
convention legislation, schemes for extension, all of such a nature 
that they connect with due regard to the best interests of the 
Fraternity, be made public in these columns. Provision was 
made for publishing the proceedings of this and last year's Con- 
ference, under the direction of the Secretary. 

It was six o'clock before the Conference was able to dose its 
business session and adjournment was decided upon. Bro. 
Carleton, with utmost unselfishness, gave the Conference his 
Bndivided time and attention, and it was mainly due to his 
promptness and interest that so much good and substantial work 
was accomplished. Bro. Wilbur F. Smith, 2", '87, was all that 
could be desired in the position of Secretary. The discussions 
were freely entered into by the older alumni present, and their 
counsel and experience was of evident value. 

At eight o'clock in the evening the delegates, with visitors to 
the number of about forty, assembled at the Casino to listen to 
Strauss' comic opera, " The Gypsy Baron." Thanks to the fore- 
sight of the Committee of Arrangements, seats in the parquet 
had been secured, in suSicient number, several weeks in advance, 
a necessary and wise precaution. At eleven o'clock the party 
repaired to Morelli's, 8 West Twenty-eighth street, to partake of 


the annual conference banquet. An elaborate menu was pre- 
sented, to which full justice was done. Speeches were made 
after dinner in response to toasts given out by A. Amoux, 
2 J '86, who acted as toastmaster, as follows : " Our Fraternity,'^ 
A. P. Trautwein, P, '76 ; "The Alumni of Delta Tau," W. W. 
Cook, J, '80; "The Press," H. W. ColUngwood, /, '83, who 
responded by reciting his poem, "The Editor's Girl," in a happy 
and pleasing strain; "Undergraduate Days." Orrin Serf ass, 
N, '82; "The First Division Conference," Wilbur F. Smith, 
r, '87 ; "The Ladies" were toasted by H. R. Asserson, r, '87, 
and Paul H. Hi^bert, 2", '89, closed the speech-making in a 
charmingly happy vein. The toasts were interspersed with col- 
lege and fraternity songs. 

In the judgment of all who participated in the several exer- 
cises of this conference, it fully equalled any of its predecessors, 
both in the business which was transacted and in its social fea- 
tures, which always receive much attention in the annual con- 
ferences of the First Division. The Register contains the names 
of fifty-five members who participated, but there were others 
present at various times whose names have not been recorded. 
XJpsilon sent a delegation of eleven, which included almost its 
entire undergraduate membership. There was a noticeable uni- 
formity in the appearances and make up of the several under- 
graduate delegations, a pleasing fact commented upon by many 
of the alumni present. The Conference was fully noticed in the 
city papers, both before and after the meeting. 



Herbert W. Collingwoody Iota, '8j, 

Tou know the old fellow who long ago said. 

After painfully thinking and rubbing his head. 

That with one simple lever he'd make the world Jump 

From its place— into space — with a terrible thump. 

If he had but a log and a good place to stand, 

He could move the great world by one touch of his hand. 

The old fellow's lever was easily found. 

But the log and the place to stand never came round ; 

And the people laughed loud at the dreaming old man. 

They called him a lunatic — sneered at his plan. 

Yet we— foolish quill-drivers — know he was right ; 

The world can be swayed from the dark to the light. 

The Press is our lever, far down in the heart 

Of the people it reaches and holds for its part. 

The Press is the lever, yet where does it rest ? 

The noble old Roman or Greek at his best 

Was forced to give up on his log long ago ; 

Yet we have discovered it— listen ! Til show 

The lever swings on as the busy years whirl, 

And it rests in the hands — of the Editor's Girl 1 

The Editor's Girl 1 What, that small party there 
With a square inch of forehead down under her hair ? 
With a fist like a snowball— a mouth like a rose. 
With a smile that would thtw out your heart though it frose ? 
Admit it — be honest, my brothers, to-day — 
We are brothers — I'll not give your secret away. 
Own it up, has. the little girl not made your life 
Far better and purer and held you from strife ? 
Don't you know how you stood — may be years ago. 
How you wanted to stay and yet wanted to go ? 
While the little girl looked up at you with a smile 
And a queer sort of look in her eyes all the while ; 
Till you found that you covldnH stay longer aloof. 
And you reached for her mouth— and, in fact, you '* took proof ? " 
Now honestly — didn't you after that night. 
Think of her every time when you sat down to write 
Your wild editorials ? — how they did shine 
* Touched up by friend Cupid, that fellow divine. 

•Spoktn in reply to the toMt, '"The Press/* at the Conference Banquet of the First 
Ormnd Division of the Delta Tan Delta Fraternity, New York City, February 88, 1888. 


She would smile up at you from the bottle of ink. 
While you sat there patiently trying to think. 
You knew that your paper would always be read 
By at least one subscriber whose dear little head 
Would treasure the good and forget all the ill. 
And think you a wonderful personage still. 
And under your coat there, you carried a charm. 
That would make Trouble shake in its boots in alarm. 
I know what it was— it was only a curl 
From the head of the Editor's dear little Girl. 

You smile at me now, and you say that these joys 

Are all very well for a great crowd of boys ; 

But that when a man's beard and his head have turned gray. 

The romance and poetry all fly away. 

Now, if it be true, that the heart will grow cold, 

Let us solemnly swear that we'll never grow old. 

Say, tell me, you bald-headed men over there— 

You studious fellows with more brain than hair— 

You men who stand looking down through the dim years. 

All filled up with pleasures and trials and tears — 

Does the little girl really grow old with each year ? 

Is she ever less fair, is she ever less dear 

Than she was when she looked in your face long ago 

With the look in her eyes that sent fire through you so ? 

When she spoke the three words that have made up your life, 

That have kept you from sorrow and held you through strife ? 

Would you not give as much — come, be honest to-night — 

For one curl f r9m her head though it be streaked with white ? 

Do her cheeks really fade as the busy years whirl ? 

Is she ever aught else but the Editor's Qirl ? 

Think over your life ; all the joys you have had ; 

All the beautiful memories tender and sad. 

That come as the starlii^ht breaks through the dark pine. 

That twine round your heart as the soft tendrils twine. 

Ah— the lip may well tremble — the eye may well fill 

With tears— not unmanly is that tender thrill. 

As you think of the anguish that wrung through her life 

When the little child dropped from the world's busy strife. 

Ah, the brave little woman — her lips wore a smile 

Though you knew that her poor heart was breaking the while. 

Ah, how small will our portion of fame be, my friends. 

When the mighty bookkeeper shall foot up both ends 

Of the ledger ; our portion will be indeed small ; 

Yet she — ^little woman— would give us her all. 


Do your troubles not bring you still closer together. 

No matter how gloomy, how stormy life's weather ? 

Does she not still to you her best influence give ? 

Do you not know her better each day that you live ? 

Does she lead you in truth such a wonderful dance ? 

And if it all poetry, bosh and romance ? 

'i'ou'ye been over the road— yen/ know what you're about ; 

We simple, young fellows would gladly find out. 

For we have a notion — no doubt it's all wrong ; 

No doubt down in practice it's not worth a song — 

That a man may mount high to the temple of Fame — 

The honor, the love of the world he may claim. 

Tet back of it all, unobserved and unknown, 

A woman is silently buiJding his throne. 

She is patiently, lovingly working the while 

With a woman's unreasoning love and a smile. 

And as long as the years dance their magical whirl. 

We will praise her for ever— The Editor's Girl. 


y, E, Brown^ in ^ A (^ Scroll, 

The revival of, Miami University, after its inactivity of over 
half a score of years, has turned to this historic f^roand the atten- 
tion of the several fraternities who were connected with its his- 
tory — ^memorable no less in fraternity than in college annals. 
The joamals of the diflferent fraternities who have thus been con- 
nected with her career have contained articles valuable from a 
historical as well as a literary point of view. They have told of 
the rise and fall of one of the most renowned institutions of 
learning west of the AUeghenies ; how her fame spread, bringing 
students from many States ; of the work they did ; of the states- 
men, scholars, and professional men she has sent out ; how she 
became the pioneer of the fraternity system in the West ; how 
three of these societies were founded there, and the story of 
their fortunes, until the closing of her doors in 1873. 

In speaking of Miami, the fraternity man almost invariably 
refers to it as the birthplace of the three powerful fraternities, 
£ G lit <^ J & Ai^d 2 ^i gi^iig them in the order of their birth. 


When we reflect that among the fraternities of Western origin 
there are but three others, namely, ^ F J, K Whnd A T A^ 
which have developed a strength by any means proportional to 
these ; a comparison of statistics between them, and their stand- 
ing, as a group, in the fraternity world, is strongly suggested. 
What makes the idea still more striking is the fact that the three 
not of Miami origin are themselves closely related in their begin- 
nings. ^ r A was founded at JeflFerson College, Pennsylvania, 
in 1848. ^ K WbX the same place, in 1852. A T A^ the young- 
est of the Western fraternities, originated at Bethany College, 
West Virginia, in 1850. The civil war was disastrous to Bethany ;. 
the college closed its doors, and the reins of authority which had 
been with the parent chapter of the new fraternity were turned 
over to the chapter at Jeflferson, where they remained until 1869* 
Thus this chapter in reality exercised the influence of the parent 
during the formative period of that fraternity. So this group of 
six, making up what are called the "Western Fraternities," is 
divided into threes, one trio of which were nursed in the western 
borders of the Keystone State, while the other, which we shall 
here designate as the Miami Triad, came to light at the honored 
university of that name, in the southwestern borders of the 
Buckeye State. 

Fraternities have been classed as Eastern, Western and South- 
em, not only because they originated in a particular section, but 
because their main development has been in that section in which 
they originated. Those of eastern origin are strongest in the 
East, the western in the West, and the southern in the South. 
A KE B,t one time came nearer being an exception than has any 
other fraternity. Originating at Yale, in 1844, ten years later she 
had eighteen chapters, of which only eight were Eastern, the rest 
having been established in the more promising schools of the 
South and West. All these Southern banches were killed by the 
war, of which only two were revived at its close — those at the 
Universities of Virginia and Mississippi ; but the lately expressed 

* Whatever of merit may attach to the individual chapters ot^K^, she 
has not exhibited that enterprise as a general fraternity which characterized 
the others. Hence her omission from this list. 


plan of again entering the Sontli has been vouched for by the 
appearance of chapters at Central and Alabama. As the frater- 
nities stand to-day, the preponderance of strength in each is in 
and aboat the section of their origin. The nltra-conseryatiye 
policy of a few has limited them entirely to a single section, but 
with these exceptions, the rest have a few chapters in colleger 
which are at quite a distance from their main body. J KE^ 
the most democratic of Eastern fraternities, alone has a num- 
ber of chapters equal to that of any of the Western, her roll 
excelling that of ^ F J by two, and of J T J by three. With 
this exception, the Western have for a long time surpassed all 
others in that respect. ****** 

As regards extension among fraternities, there none which 
can lay claim to as wide or as symmetrical a development as that 
of those of the Miami Triad. Founded as they were in the West, 
when it was enjoying a vigorous growth, they developed with it, 
occupied its territory, and together with the Jefferson Triad, went 
beyond it in the direction most natural — South, where were unoc- 
cupied the flourishing State universities and a few other schools 
which had attained prominence. At that time the now typical 
Southern fraternities had not made their appearance, but the 
ground became none the less well occupied, for both Eastern and 
Western began to push themselves into these schools of the 
South, making, as Mr. Baird has said in his '^American College 
Fraternities," often the first meeting place of the Eastern and 
the Western fraternities in some college of the South. On the 
rolls of the Western fraternities at the beginning of the war, we 
find a goodly number of chapters had been established in the 
South, and, as has been mentioned in the case of J K E, a, pre- 
ponderance of chapters was in that section. That conflict made 
a change, and at its close fraternities had again to go forth from 
their original starting points. We are inclined to believe that it 
was the war that brought much of that element, conservatism, 
into the fraternity world. During its progress extension waa 
necessarily stopped, and at its close they were loath to push it. No 
college has been added to the roll ot -2 since '58, and but one 
to that of K A. Up to '59 ^ J ^ had steadily extended her 


borders, without indiscretion, too, and since then she has entered 
but two colleges. A cursory glance at the roll of W T may give 
the impression that her course was not altered ; but it is interest- 
ing to know that of the six chapters admitted to worship at her 
shrine since '60, all were organized before becoming chapters of 
WT. Three had been established as local societies, while the 
three others, in which taste was displayed at the expense of 
courtesy, were lifted from other fraternities, namely, the Michigan 
chapter from B & 11] Chicago from ^ J and ^ K W^ and the 
Cornell from ^ K W. J K Ej which at one time bid most feir to 
become the national fraternity, for some restraining cause has for 
many years refused to avail herself of the vantage ground she 
once held in the South. Now, realizing that the colleges on that 
side of Mason and Dixon's line are as worthy as any, and influ- 
enced, no doubt, by the able article of Senator Butler in a pre- 
ceding volume of the Qiuxrterlyj she is endeavoring to regain 
the prestige she once so honorably held there. 

We find the Western fraternities leading in extension, as to 
number of chapters, as follows : ^ J 0, 58 ; -B /I, 47 ; ^ X, 
35. 0KW follows with 35, ^ T J, 29, and J T J, 28. As to 
number of States entered, ""d^ J leads with S4, the others fol- 
lowing : 5 77, 21 ; i^ X, 16 ; * X y, 16; * T J, 12, and 
J r J, 12. Thus we see that not only does the Miami Triad 
lead all others in number of chapters, but in number of States 
entered, showing that their roll is not the result of unscrupulous 
crowding into any and all colleges of a particular section, but by 
outreaching into different States. 

It is well to notice also that the only Western fraternities rep- 
resented in New England are those of the Miami Triad. Not only 
are they represented there, but these chapters are among the most 
active and prosperous of these fraternities. B IZ entered Bos- 
ton University in '76, which was followed by the revival of her 
long dead chapters at Harvard and Brown, and establishment at 
Maine State and Amherst. In '79 ^ J entered the University 
of Vermont, the success of which chapter demonstrated that the 
East was available territory. Since then she has established her- 
self at Colby, Dartmouth and Williams. 2 X has been repre- 


sented at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology since 1882. 
Neither t K V nor ATA were ever established east of New 
York. ^ r A has twice entered New England, but has not suc- 
ceeded in retaining her ground. The chapter at Sheffield Scien- 
tific School (Yale) did not prosper, and died. A chapter estab- 
lished at Williams, in '80, had scarcely been chartered when, 
owing to some dissatisfaction, it deserted to Z W, The success 
of these New England chapters of the Miami fraternities has 
proven that they are able to cope favorably with longer estab- 
lished rivals, brought the Eastern and Western fraternities into 
closer contact, and created a more friendly relation between them 
than existed before. We hardly think the present able editors 
of the Diamond of T T would call upon her friends "to create 
a healthy public sentiment" against jsocieties which are " neces- 
sarily destined to a short-lived, or at least precarious, existence," 
but would be more likely to "welcome the new chapters in 
direct proportion to the strength they manifest. " 

Another respect in which we find the Miami fraternities excel- 
ling, is in the number of chapters located at State universities. 
Mr. W. B. Baird, who until recently has been largely identified 
with the progressive moves of B & 11, urges upon that fraternity 
the advisability of establishing herself in the State universities 
west of the Mississippi, in which she is not now represented. 
These institutions, from the very system of education through- 
out the West and South, are placed at the head of the college 
system. With scarcely an exception, in every Western and 
Southern State you will find the State university to be in the fore- 
front, and in many cases, owing to liberal recognition, far in 
advance of competitors. They are bound to remain at the front 
as long as the demand for education exists. The wisdom and 
advantage of placing chapters in these institutions cannot be 
questioned, and it is pleasing to see how thoroughly this has 
been appreciated in certain quarters. In State universities B Q 
n has 12 chapters, -5" X, 10 ; ^ K F, 10 ; r A, 8, and A T 
J, 6. A Q leads with eighteen on her list, and the circle 
made by her chapters in universities of Vermont, Pennsylvania, 
Ohio, Indiana, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, Nebraska, Kansas, 


Missouri, Texas, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, South Carolina, 
North Carolina and Virginia, is one of which every Phi Delta 
Theta can well be proud, and one that gives a broad and firm 
support on which can be built the National fraternity. 

There are forty-six colleges in which one or more of the 
Miami Triad meets F /!i, K W, or J T J, and in twenty-six 
they precede them. Of these twenty-six B IT comes first at 
fifteen ; ^ J precedes at eight ; JS" X at three. In the remain- 
ing twenty K W precedes at eleven ; F J at six ; and 
J r J at three. While speaking of the colleges in which the 
Western fraternities meet each other, it is natural to wonder in 
how many they come in contact with the Eastern. Such a com- 
parison would be too lengthy here, but we can say that most all 
meet at some college on their list. Northern Kappa Alpha is 
the only exception. F ^, J T J, and 2 X are not brought 
into contact with her at any college whatever. We would think 
that two fraternities, both claiming to be Eastern, would meet at 
one school, at least, but at the present time X ^ is not known 
in the college where JS" ^ is represented. 

Some have tried to use the fact of the wide extension of the 
Western fraternities as an argument against them, asserting the 
long roll to rise from a "multiplicity of chapters in obscure 
institutions." We have clearly shown this not to be the case, 
the acquaintance of new chapters being the result of the acquisition 
of new territory. Were it the case we would find that the aver- 
age number of rival chapters would be proportionately less. But 
this is not so ; the number in all the Western fraternities is 
nearly the same, being about four and a half to each chapter. 
The question is not one as to how large a list can be built up, 
but how can the idea of a fraternity that shall bind together the 
sympathies of students. East, West, South and North, be realized. 
In so far as a fraternity approaches a national type, so all the 
more shall its strength be manifest, and its field of useAilness 
enlarged beyond that to which any provincial brotherhood can 
lay claim. It is with this aim in view that the leading colleges 
of different sections have been entered ; not those whose future 
alone augured well, but whose present standing and work com- 


mended itself. The present justifies this policy, and the future 
will make its wisdom more manifest. A half or even a quarter 
-of a century ago the liveliest imagination would not have foretold 
such a growth in fraternity intelligence and recognition as exists 
to-day. Is the future to be less than the past? We do not 
believe that the system will retrograde ; we believe that the code 
of fraternity ethics will mould itself perfectly to its environs ; 
that fraternities will be as lasting as the colleges that shelter 
them. Then we have to build not only for ourselves, but for 
those who come after us. The future has its demands, as well as 
the present. The Western fraternities have more nearly met 
these demands than have their ultra-conservative rivals. 

Zbc (3reeft Morl&, 

t r J has entered Ejiox and Lehigh. 

The next convention of K W meets in Indianapolis April 
7 to 10, 1886. 

J O has entered Williams, and revived at Ck>mell and the 
University of California. 

Thb Forty-fifth Annual Convention of X WmeetB in New 
York dty, April 7 and 8, 1886. 

2 N has entered the University of Missouri. Members of 
2 N^SXandS AEcaU themselves "Sigs." 

K A will soon publish her first catalogue, under the super- 
vision of the Alpha Chapter of DePauw University. 

The report that J T J intends granting a charter to petition- 
•ers at Franklin College is without foundation, for J T J has no 
such intention. 

Thb following fraternities, named in the order of their estab- 
lishment, are represented at the University of Kansas : B O 11, 
* X V^, * r J, * J ©, :2 X, and 2 iV. 

The only man that K 2 had in the college department at 
the Northwestern was married during the holidays, and left col- 
lege, leaving three Preps to uphold ^ K 2^a banner in Evanston. 


The Grand Chapter of K A & met in Wooster, Ohio, Febru- 
ary 25 and 26, 1 886. The charters were withdrawn from the 
chapters at the University of Michigan, the Ohio University, and 
Butler University. 

Thbta Xi, with' chapters at Sheffield Scientific School, Rens- 
selaer Polytechnic Institute, Stevens and Massachusetts Institutes 
of Technology, held its annual convention with the Fale Chap- 
ter on February 20. 

Thb members of the Beta Theta Pi Fraternity resident in* 
and about New York had a social reunion and dinner at Clark's. 
The gathering was under the auspices of the Stevens, Columbia' 
and Butgers Chapters. It was entirely an undergraduate affair. 

Chief Justice Babtlett Tbipp, of the Supreme Court of 
Dakotah, is a ^ T; Robert Garrett, of the Baltimore & Ohio 
Railroad, is a Z W] Professor Orra P. John, of De Pauw Uni- 
versity, is an ^ X 12 ; Colonel Henry Lowndes Muldrow, who 
was a member of Congress from Mississippi in the 45th, 46th, 
47th and 48th Congress, and who is now the First Assistant Secre- 
tary of the Interior, is a J T^ ; James Russell Lowell, Edward 
Everett Hale, Charles Francis Adams, Jr., and Donald Orant* 
Mitchell ('*Ik. Marvel") are members o{ A J *. 

NsABLY two hundred members of the Psi Upsilon Fraternity 
were present at the annual reunion and banquet of the New 
York Alumni Association, at the Hotel Brunswick, on February 
13. A committee was appointed to report on the feasibility of 
securing a club-house in New York city, as now maintained by 
J Wy A and A KE. Ex-President Arthur was elected Presi- 
dent ; and among the Vice-Presidents we find the names of Judge 
Van Vorst, Ex-President Chamberlain, of Bowdoin ; Drs. R. S. 
MacArthur and C. H. Parkhurst. Among the speakers at the 
banquet were the following, with the toasts to which they replied : 
'* W r Historical," Hon. W. E. Robinson ; *' V^r Poetical," Ed- 
mund Clarence Stedman ; '' !PT Clerical," Dr. MacArthur;^ 
^^WT Universal," Waldo Hutchins \ ''WT Professional," Hon. 
Galusha A. Grow. Rev. James K. Lombard contributed an 
original poem, " Noctes Ambrosianae." 



In our last letter we promised to submit some historical and statis- 
tical information concerning the fraternity system at the Stevens Insti- 
tute of Technology, believing that such a statement might be of some 
interest to the readers of The Crescent. Most of our information 
has been obtained fh)m the Chapter Archives, which we have every 
reason to believe are reliable. 

The origin of the fhitemity S3'stem here dates from the year 1874, 
for we find, at that time, no Greek letter fraternity, either formed or 
in the process of formation. We might except the Delta Sigma, which 
had a local existence, and in a veiy limited field merely served the 
purpose of a social club. It died, however, in the advent of the Theta 
Xi, February, 1874, which placed its Gamma Chapter at this institu- 
tion. This fraternity, with chapters at Rensselaer and Yale, was 
announced to be an engineering society, confining its chapter roll 
strictly to scientific schools. It devoted itself, however, to the social 
element of its existence, and took an active part in the college politics. 
The opposition which this engendered, and the presence of James B. 
Pierce, Eta, '73, who enjoyed much personal popularity and infiuence, 
induced a number of members of '76 to combine for purposes of mutual 
protection, and to petition Delta Tau Delta for a chapter. Accord- 
ingly the Rho was placed at Stevens on May 9, 1874, and thus the 
political equilibrium was speedily restored. The entering class of 1874 
being a ver}' large and active one, taxed the fraternity facilities of the 
institute to their greatest extent. The want was soon supplied by the 
entrance, in February, 75, of the Alpha Sigma Chi with chapters at 
Rutgers and Cornell, which placed its Gamma Chapter at Stevens. 
The advent of the new-comer but slightly affected the relative standard 
of the two fraternities, each of which had its own peculiar standard of 
membership, so that there was little or no competition on that score. 
In the fall of 1879 the Alpha Sigma Chi united with the Beta Theta 
Pi, and its chapter here became the Sigma of the latter. 

Owing to increased reputation the attendance at the Institute grew 
rapidly during the next few years, making it evident that there was 
abundant room for one and even two more fraternities. Hence, when 


it was known that, on November 7, 1881, the New Jersey Alpha Kappa, 
of the Alpha Tau Omega, had been chartered, everyone was prepared 
to predict for it a prosperous existence. The chapter was, however, 
peculiarly unfortunate in the choice of its members, and never suc- 
ceeded in gaining a foothold, having enrolled only eight men, two of 
whom were affiliated from elsewhere. In the spring of 1882 steps 
were taken to organize a chapter of the Chi Psi Fraternity, but the 
petitioners did not succeed in accomplishing their object until February 
14, 1883, when the Alpha Chi, of the Chi Psi, was chartered. This 
chapter started out with good prospects, and gave promise of success. 
For some time efforts had been made in behalf of the Sigma Chi Fra- 
temity, and, on February 26, 1883, these resulted in the establishment 
of the Alpha Delta Chapter of that fraternity. 

Up to this time, although the fraternities virtually controlled and 
directed public opinion in the college community, yet party lines were 
not drawn offensively in college politics. This was due largely to the 
fact that the college politics were entirely confined to the Athletic 
Association, there being no literary societies or similar organizations. 
The publication of the college annual, The Eccentric, first issued in 
1874, was, it is true, virtually in the hands of the fraternities since 
1879, the board of editors containing one member for each of the 
three fraternities, and one representing the neutrals. The advent of 
Chi Psi and Sigma Chi immediately raised the question of their right 
to representation on The Eccentric Board. This having long been 
organized, with its work well under way, Theta Xi and Delta Tau Delta 
promptly resolved to lay over their petition until the following year, 
when their claim as permanent institutions would be demonstrated. 
Beta Theta Pi wishing to appear as the champion of the^ oppressed, 
and guided by a desire to wield an infiuence beyond that which they 
had heretofore possessed, encouraged the new-comers to establish The 
Bolt as a rival to The Eccentric, meantime, however, continuing their 
membership in the latter annual ; but public opinion, however, soon 
compelled them to display their true colors, and to withdraw from The 
Eccentric. In November, 1883, the fratemit}' system was enlarged by 
the addition of the Mu Chapter of the Chi Phi Fraternity, which was 
chartered under auspices of the most promising character on Novem- 
ber 24, 1883. These promises have since been fhll}' realized. Declin- 
ing a place on The Bolt for 1884, they accepted a place on The Eccentric 
for 1885, and since have been identified with it The Bolt-Eccentric 



oontroveny served to di&w strict party lines within the fraternity sys- 
tem, in ttiis as well as other matters, bat as there are very few matters 
pertaioiiig to ooll^;e politics, the tension is not as great as might be 
supposed ; with the exception of, perhaps, one fraternity, the feeling 
does not extend into personal aflaire. 

The following table shows the membership of the different frater- 
nities, with their distribution according to classes : 








The dlitribmlon by 































ch!p.i. ™r;.::.:;::::: 












We do not include in the above analysis the Mu Chapter of the 
Theta Nu Epsilon or Sophomore Societ}'. This has been in existence 
since 1884, but has neither weight nor influence in college aSairs. It 
draws its membership almost entirely from Beta Theta Pi and Sigma 
Chi : Delta Tau Delta, Chi Psi and Chi Phi having, it ia known, pro- 
hibited their members, by special legislation, from joining. As nearly 
as can be ascertained it is merely a social club of very doubtful utility, 
and its present pertonnfl is such as to prevent it from ever wielding 
any influence. As a political factor its influence is nil. 

'On the whole, the fraternity system at Stevens is in a very healthy 
condition. There are no known cases on record of men being lifted from 
one fraternity into another, as at man}' other colleges, and this in spite 
of the fact that men have found themseves in associations entirely con- 
trary to their tastes. The sentiment of the college will not tolerate 
sncb an act. There are only two instances of expulsion. One frater- 
nity expelled two of ite members, and another has lost two by resignation. 
There have been but few trausgreesions in the matter of honorary 
membership. Beta Thete Pi having taken in four, Delta Tau Delta and 
Chi Phi each one. 


Theta Xi meets in the First National Bank building, where they 
have comfortable rooms ; Delta Tau Delta and Chi Phi have rooms in 
the Martha Institute building, while the Beta Theta Pi shares its hall 
in the same building with a local literary club. All of these, together 
with the Sigma Chi, have their meetings on Friday nights. The latter 
has no visible meeting place. The Chi Psi has its rooms over the 
Hoboken Eliding Academy, and meets on Monday evenings. 

The Faculty, though not giving the fraternities any official recog- 
nition, has always been favorably disposed towards them. Four of 
the members of the Faculty are fraternity men : Professor MacCord is 
a Phi Kappa Epsilon ; Professor Oeyer, a Phi Oamma Delta ; Profes- 
sor Denton, a Delta Tau Delta, and Professor Wood, a Beta Theta Pi, 
elected in an honorar}' capacity while professor at the University of 

Of the 628 students that have been enrolled at the Institute since 
1871, twenty-three were members of fraternities not chaptered at the 
Institute, and 272 are members of the existing fraternities. Of the 
209 graduates of the Institute, 111 are fraternity men. Of the 177 
undergraduates here, 71 are members of the chaptered fraternities, and 
six are members of those fraternities not otherwise represented. 

There are no college honors in the accepted meaning of the term, 
and we have not the figures at hand to show the distribution of the 
offices within the gift of the undergraduates. 


The Fifth Annual Conference of the Second Division was held at 
Cleveland, March 25th and 26th, under the auspices of Chapter Zeta, 
of Adelbert College. Owing to the fact that most of the colleges in 
the division closed last week, the invitation to the conference found 
them in the midst of examinations, hence the representation was not as 
large as could be desired. The members of Chapter Chi participated 
in an oratorical contest the 26th, hence were precluded from attend- 
ing or being represented. The following fraters were present in 
the capacity of delegates : From Chapter Mu, Bros. C. W. Evans and 
J. A. Arnold ; Chapter Psi, Bros. Allen Krichbaum and J. M. Shellen. 
berger ; Chapter Eta, Bros C. N. Thomas, Will Ford and James Ford ; 


Chapter Theta, Bro. H. L. Willett ; Chapter Zeta, Bros. S. S. Wilson 
and C. S. Clark. Also from Chapter Delta, as visitors, Bros. J. C. 
Shaw and F. D. McDonnell. 

The conference was called to order by K. B. Waite, of Zeta, in the 
parlors of the Hollenden, at 10 a. m., Thursday. On account of no 
delegate being present from Chapter Beta Delta, Chapter Mu, through 
her delegate, Bro. J. A. Arnold, assumed the chair. Bro. Will Ford, 
of Eta, was elected Vice-President, and Bro. Allen Krichbaum of W 
assumed the position of Secretary. After perfecting the organization 
and appointing the necessary committees the conference adjourned 
until two o'clock. 

The afternoon session was opened by an address of welcome to the 
visiting brethren by Prof M. J. Hole, an alumnus of the Zeta. The 
response was given in a neat speech by Bro. C. W. Evans of Mu. Re- 
ports of the various chapters of the division were then read. Without 
exception the reports indicated not only a good healthy condition and 
bright prospects for the coming year, but also an unbounded enthusi- 
asm and energy. Following a short secret session was an able expo- 
sition of the nature of the secrecy of the fraternity by Bro. AUen 
Krichbaum of Psi. The conference then entered into a discussion oi 
the new ritual, opened by Bro. J. A. Arnold of Mu, with a concisely 
written paper entitled Ritualistic Knowledge and Observances. The 
discussion was of some length, the subject being handled in a business 
like manner. The conference then adjourned until morning. It was 
decided that the evening session should be given up largely to socia- 
bility in order that the delegates might become better acquainted with 
the resident Deltas who were unable to attend the session during the 
day. After the routine business had been finished Bro. A. E. Hyre, 
Eta, read a paper upon The Crescent. After an earnest discussion of 
the paper formality was dropped and the evening was delightfully 
spent in social festivities. 

The second day's session was opened with the routine business, 
which was followed by a discussion of the re-districting of the fratern- 
ity made necessary by the union with the W. W. W. Fraternity. An 
able address was then delivered by Bro. H. S. Willett of Theta upon 
chapter libraries. Bro. C. P. Ruple of Upsilon being present gave some 
very interesting suggestions, also giving the experience of Upsilon 
in early days. The afternoon session was opened with a feast of song. 
Inter-chapter relations were discussed in a paper by Bro. C. N. Thomas 


of Eta. The conference entered into an informal discnssion of Treasu- 
rer Ware's proposed financial policy, and instructed Chapter Zeta to 
write Bro. Ware a letter of commendation and encouragement. The 
remainder of the session, which was to be the last, was taken up with 
miscellaneous matters pertaining to the welfare of the fraternity and 
especially the division. The place and time of holding the next meet- 
ing was left to be decided by the division in the fhture. Thus ended 
the business portion of one of the Second's most successful conferences, 
notwithstanding that it was arranged in a week and occurred at a very 
unfortunate time for many of the chapters. 

The fourth annual banquet of Zeta was held Friday evening, at 
which the conference were guests. The guests assembled in the con- 
ference hall about nine o'clock and the evening was given up to jollity 
of the richest kind. About ten o'clock the guests, about twenty-five 
in number, filed into the most elegant of the Hollenden's private din- 
ing rooms. After the delicacies of the season had been put away, Bro. 
M. J. Hole in neat little speeches announced the following toasts, the 
responses to which were the cause of much laughter and applause : 
« Our Fraternity," Allen BWchbaum, W] " Delta Tau Delta in the 
South," H. L. Willett, Theta; " Second Division Conference," J. A. Ar- 
nold, Mu; " Our Alumni Chapters," James Ford, Eta; " The Cres- 
cent," J. C. Shaw, Delta; '' Bethany, Our Castle," J. C. Norris, Theta; 
"Zeta," A. A. Bemis, Zeta; "Deltaism in Cleveland," W. M. Day, 
Mu. After the regular toasts were given many of the fraters 
responded extempore. Soon after the hour of midnight an adjourn- 
ment was taken to the parlors, where the social festivities were con- 
tinued, including the Choctaw walk around, until an early hour. 



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Ws take great pleasure in announcing that the consolidation of the 
Rainbow Fraternity, or the W. W. W. Society, as it is often called, 
with the Delta Tau Delta Fraternity, negotiations for which have been 
pending for some time, has recently been efifected on just and equitable 
terms. Our time and space will at present permit only a brief review 
of this movement, so momentous in the history of the fraternity and so 
prophetic of its future prosperity and development 

Previous to the convention of 1884, there had been informal ex- 
pressions of a desire on the part of individual members of the two fra- 
ternities to bring about a union under some arrangement which would 
be equally favorable and satisfactory to both societies. Our own Fra- 
ternity had already decided upon a policy for extension in the South, 
whose educational institutions are rapidly recovering their former 
prosperity, and now offer a peculiarly favorable field for fraternity 
work. The subject was discussed at the Watkins' Olen Convention, 
and a committee of three was appointed to carry on negotiations look- 
ing toward a union of the two fraternities. This committee met a 
similar committee of the W. W. W. Fraternity at Nashville, Tennessee, 
on December 16, 1884. The result of the conference was the formula- 
tion of articles of agreement for the consolidation and union of the two 
firatemities. These were ratified by our executive council, and were 
subsequently approved by the chapters of the Rainbow Fraternity. 
Still later, upon the submission of the terms to the individual chapters 
of our fhitemity, the opposition to that article which involved a change 
in the name of the fraternity was such as to result in the rejection of 
the articles of agreement From the fact, however, that the only serious 


objection to the articles of association was the proposed change in the 
fraternity's name, and that in all other respects the union was gener- 
ally considered very desirable by both fraternities, the negotiations 
were continued by correspondence. The project accordingly came 
before the Detroit Convention, and Brother W. W. Cook, J, '80, was 
appointed a committee to represent our fraternity in these f\irther 
negotiations, with full power and authority to effect the consolidation. 
Under these powers the committee proceeded to act Upon notice from 
the W. W. W. Fraternity that a new committee had been appointed to 
conduct further negotiations, a representative of our fraternity, H. W. 
Plummer, A, '84, met that committee in Nashville, in September. The 
new articles were there drawn up, agreed to and signed. These arti- 
cles are substantially as follows : The Rainbows agreed to accept the 
name, pin, constitution, laws and ritual of J T J, who in return agreed 
to designate the Southern Division the Rainbow Division of J T Jy 
this division to include all our Southern chapters and the Rainbow 
chapters and to be presided over by a grand chapter, located at Van- 
derbilt University. ATA further agreed to grant the Rainbows an 
alumni representation of one in the Executive Council, and, upon the 
union of the fraternities, to change the name of the journal from the 
Crescent to the Rainbow. 

The following facts and information concerning the Rainbow Fra- 
ternity will be of interest at the present time : It was organized at the 
University of Mississippi in 1848, twelve years before our own. The 
leading idea of the fraternity was to establish itself only in the educa- 
tional institutions of the South, and throughout a long and varied 
career of thirty-five years, it has adhered to the policy of remaining a 
strictly Southern order. Within the last few years, however, its policy 
has undergone a change ; it has recognized the tendency of all pro- 
gressive fraternities to become more national in their organization, and 
a desire for northern, eastern and western connections has made itself 
felt, and has induced it to enter into the negotiations looking toward a 
union with our fraternity. When the terms of agreement were signed, 
the Rainbow Fraternity had five active under-graduate chapters, 
located at the Universities of Mississippi, Tennessee and Texas, at 
Yanderbilt University and at Emory and Henry Colleges and had at 
a total initiated membership of about one thousand. Of these chap- 
ters the charter at the University of Tennessee was withdrawn with the 
consent of the J T A committee on account of the apparent non-pro- 


greBsive condition of the college. The members of the chapter at the 
University of Texas, manifesting dissatisfaction with the terms, the 
charter was allowed to lapse. However, steps are now being taken 
which will undoubtedly result in the reorganization of the chapter, if 
the best interests of the fraternity demand such action. 

The University of Mississippi, at Oxford, was founded in 1848, aa 
the State University, under the presidency of Prof F. A. P. Barnard^ 
now President of Columbia College. It enjoyed for many years a 
remarkable prosperity, ranking with the best universities of the North^ 
until the civil war interrupted its work. After the war, it soon recov- 
ered its former prestige and prosperity, and again ranks among the 
first of the state universities. It has property valued at $450,000 and 
a productive endowment flind of $550,000; it receives annually, in ad- 
dition, liberal appropriations from the State. During 1884-5, the 
under-graduates in the Academy, or Department of Literature, Sci- 
ence and Art, numbered two hundred and twenty-three; it has 
a faculty of eighteen professors and instructors. Oxford, the college 
town, has always been recognized as an intellectual center at the Souths 
and the college community is one of the most desirable to be found. 
The Rainbow Chapter at this institution has an existence coeval 
with that of the university itself It has always maintained its posi- 
tion as the most influential and prosperous chapter of the university^ 
and the published statements of its rivals all testify to the high stand- 
ing of this chapter, both in college and town. It is the parent chapter 
of the fraternity, and has an alumni roll which would be a credit and 
honor to any fraternity. It meets as competitors the fraternities of 
Delta Kappa Epsilon (1851); Delta Psi (1855); Sigma Chi (1857); Phi 
Kappa Psi (1857); Chi Psi (1858); Sigma Alpha Epsilon (1865); Phi 
Delta Theta (1877); Beta Theta Pi (1879) and Kappa Alpha (1883.) 

Vanderbilt University, at Nashville, Tennessee, was opened in 1875, 
under the princely endowment of Cornelius Vanderbilt, of New York, 
who donated the sum of $500,000 for its support, and subsequently 
increased it to $1,000,000. The university has been made the recipient 
of other liberal endowments fh)m members of the Vanderbilt family, 
— Wm. H. Vanderbilt contributing $150,000 for the theological and 
$100,000 for the engineering department It is under the control of 
the M. E. Church, South, an influential denomination. The university 
has had a remarkably rapid and yet judicious growth ; in many of its 
departments it is equal to the oldest institutions in the North. In 


addition to the Academic Department, it has departments of Law, The- 
ology, Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmacy. It is located in a campos 
of seventy-five acres, beautifhlly situated on an eminence overlooking 
the city. Its buildings, University Hall, Science Hall, Wesley Hall, 
the Observatory, the Gymnasium and the buildings of the Medical and 
Dental Colleges, as well as nine professors' residences, are elegant and 
substantial structures. In 1884-85 it employed in all departments a 
faculty of fifty-seven professors and instructors, and had enroUed over 
five hundred students. The Rainbow Chapter occupies a very high 
position in the city and university. It is noted for its social standing 
and scholarly attainments. Its competitors are Phi Delta Theta, 
Kappa Alpha, Beta Theta Pi, and Chi Phi. 

Emory and Henry College, at Emory, Virginia, was founded in 
1838, under the auspices of the M. E. Church, South. It is an instita- 
tion which has done good service in the cause of education. Though 
somewhat crippled by the war, it has again recovered its former stand- 
ing. In 1 884-85 it had eleven professors and an enrollment of one 
hundred and fifty students. The Rainbow Chapter meets Kappa Sigma 
(1879) and K A. 

In addition to the active chapters, the Rainbow Fraternity has a 
vigorous alumni organization in the city of Nashville. It is intimately 
connected with the chapter at the university, and gives the fraternity 
in that city a standing and prestige which comes only from the infla- 
ence and co-operation of a loyal alumni. The policy and executive 
administration of the fraternity are largely guided by this association. 

To its new brothers from the South Delta Tan Delta extends a cor- 
dial, hearty welcome. We hope that the fraternities, thus united, will 
soon be one homogenous whole — one in reality as in name ; that the 
members and chapters of the one will speedily and heartily identity 
themselves with the interest of the other for mutual gain and advant- 
age to the many interests now made common to us all. We trust that 
this action will prove another strong link which wiU serve to bind 
together the educated and college bred men of the South and North« 

In the next number of this journal we will publish a concise history 
of the Rainbow Fraternity, histories of the chapters that are now inc(MV 
porated into Delta Tau Delta, and also of the institutions in which 
these chapters are located. Several contributions on the history (^ 
ATA will be published, which, with the regular departments, will 
make the number one of special note and interest 


Chapter Xcttcre. 

Mu — Ohio Wesleyan. 

On the evening of March 6 the Greeks of the Ohio Wesleyan 
University assembled for the Third Annual Pan-Hellenic Ban- 
quet. After a most eujoyable feast, W. C. Davis, * X ¥^, as 
toastmaster of the occasion, presented the following toasts, all 
of which were ably responded to in the order given : "The Col- 
lege," A. L. Shellenbarger, X *; *'The Greek World," B. M. 
Allison, <^KW; "Sorores Fratrum," C. S. Manley, BGH] 
*' Six Goats : May they all Butt in Concert," J. A. Arnold, 
J rj; *'In Memoriam," A. E. Breece, *rj; and *' Frater- 
nal Ties," H. V. Stevens, ^ J G. Splendid music was furnished 
for the occasion by an octette chosen from the several fraternities. 
About eighty Greeks were present, and all readily acknowledge 
it to have been the most enjoyable banquet we have had. The 
strife and selfish antagonism which usually exists between fra- 
ternities at the beginning of the school year, had already given 
way to more friendly feelings ; and so all gathered around the 
*' festive board "as members of one fraternity. Bro. Cherry- 
holmes, of Theta, now a student at the Ohio State University, 
was with us at the banquet, as were also a committee consisting 
of the alumni from the Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity, who have 
'been in session here in Delaware forming a new constitution for 

On the morning of March 8 the fraternities here were duly 
notified by the B © /7's, that B. S. Weeks, '87, had been ex- 
pelled firom the Beta Theta Pi Fraternity. No reasons for this 
nnexpected action were stated in the notice given. Internal dis- 
sensions of a personal nature, however, are believed to have 
been the cause. On the following evening Mr. Weeks was initi- 
ated into the X * Fraternity. We are not prepared to say at 
present whether the expulsion was a just action or not, but we 
•can say for Mr. Weeks that he is a man of rare ability as a 


student, and we think the Chi Phis may be congratulated on 
their new man. Maj. H. A. Axline, '72, made Chapter Mu a 
pleasant call while in Delaware, February 12. The close of this 
winter term finds our chapter in a most prosperous condition. 
We initiated Bro. Philip Phillips, Jr., '89, at the beginning of 
the term, and now have sixteen active men. We were made 
unusually joyfol at our last meeting by the reception of a large 
''box of good things," given us by our lady friends of Monnett 
Hall, and signed, — " from the loyal eight." Such kindnesses are 
not soon forgotten. 

Delta — Michigan University. 

Things have been moving along rather quietly of late, yet 
there may be many who will be interested in some of the pleas- 
ant occasions which Delta has enjoyed since last writing. Dur- 
ing February we had the pleasure of entertaining Bros. Ripley, 
'76, Carpenter, '75, Reed, '78, Pitts, '85, Callard, '84, and 
McDonald, '87, who is out of college for this year. They were 
here at different times, and most of them spent several day& 
with us. It is indeed encouraging to have our alumni take the 
active interest they do in our welfare, and Delta is always glad 
to have her alumni make her a visit. On February 19 we enter- 
tained our lady friends during the afternoon, and it was a jolly 
dinner party that sat down about five o'clock. In the evening 
came off the Fraternity Junior Hop, given by the nine fraterni- 
ties of the Literary Department. There were about one hundred 
couples present, among whom could be seen many visitors and 
members of the faculty ; aside from these there were very few 
non-fraternity men present. Each frat. had its portion of the 
hall to decorate, and the result was a rich and handsome dance- 
hall. It was pronounced the greatest success of all the junior 
hops yet given. 

On the evening of February 20 Bro. Will Carleton lectured 
at University Hall, and we had the pleasure of entertaining him 
at the chapter house, and also of hearing the best lecture of the 
season. His poem lecture was most novel and entertaining, and 
never lost its power to interest during the entire evening. Bro. 


•Guy L. Kiefer has been succeeded as Division Secretary by Bro. 
W. A. McDonald. This change is made at this time because 
Bro. £[iefer intends to graduate next year, instead of the year 
fitter with his class, and he felt that his work was too hard to 
permit of filling the ofiice and of doiug justice to its duties. The 
BaUadium will be out in a short time, and we would be pleased 
to exchange for similar publications from other colleges. The 
Oracle^ published by the Sophomore Class, has just made its 

Iota— Michigan State. 

Our college opens this spring with most flattering prospects. 
Students have so increased in number as to crowd both dormi- 
tories and oblige a few to seek accommodations elsewhere. Our 
Mechanical Hall is now completed, and a four-years mechanical 
course provided for. This department is attracting much atten- 
tion and many students. The opening of the term (Feb. 24) found 
us with nine actives on hand, distributed among the four classes 
as foUows : Seniors, one ; Sophomores, three ; Freshmen, five, 
our only junior, who was also our S. A., — J. N. Estabrook, — 
not returning. At the close of last term, in November, he left 
for Germany, intending to spend the winter in study at Leipsic, 
but to return and continue the course at the opening of the pres- 
ent term. He now thinks of remaining in Europe through the 
summer. Another brother who does not return is H. W. B. 
Taylor, '88. He spent a large portion of the winter in travel in 
the South. 

Beta Theta — University of the South. 

Beta Theta's long vacation has at length drawn to a close, 
and we are returning to our work again ; and so we send greet- 
ing to our sister chapters, with best wishes for success during the 
year. So far as we know we will lose only two men this spring, 
-and then we hope to increase our list b}' some valuable additions. 
We have some good material to work upon, and are keeping our 
eyes open for all chances. The other fraternities here are in 
good condition, with the exception of Kappa Sigma, which is 
weak numerically, though she has good men. Alpha Tau Omega 


and Sigma Alpha Epsilon are our strongest rivals. Of the men 
we lose, Bro. S. G. Smith is in Heckatoo, Ark., and Bro. Q. R. 
Scruggs is at work in Dallas, Texas. They are both live and 
energetic men, and we are very sorry to lose them. Our men 
are all very anxious to get settled down again, and we hope to 
put in some good fraternity work this year, and to give evidence 
of life in every way we can. We feel equally with Beta Epsilon 
the need of Southern extension, and would be glad to see Delta 
Tau Delta in every first-class institution in the whole country. 

Epsilon — Albion. 

Since our last letter Epsilon's boys have enjoyed the long 
hoped for privilege of meeting with Delta's truly popular poet, 
Bro. Will Carleton. Under the auspices of the Ladies' Library 
Association of the college the "Golden Horse" was given to- 
the largest and most enthusiastic audience of the course. A 
delightful hour of social conversation was passed with Bro. 
Carleton at the hotel, which will long be held in the memory of 
each frater. Epsilon is enthusiastic for the scheme presented 
for a fraternity cottage for Delta resorters at Bay View. If a 
stock company is formed nearly all of its active members will 
take shares, as will also a large number of its alumni. Surely 
the plan is a good one. Nothing will do more to increase the 
general acquaintance and awaken individual interest for sister 
chapters, as the uniting together, for a few months in the summer, 
in a fraternity house at tliis beautiful and popular resort. I take 
great pleasure in introducing to the fraternity our new babe, Bro. 
H. C. Scripps, '88, of Detroit, a two hundred pounder. He 
brings to Epsilon the qualities of a sterling frater. 

Theta— Bethany. 

Since our last report we have welcomed a good man from the 
barbarians, Bro. C. L. Scott, '88. Our chapter is in first-class 
shape, and our men are holding the front rank, as they always 
have. Three of our boys are tutors this year, — Bro. Schmiedel 
in mathematics, Bro. Muckley in Latin, and Bro. Willett in 
Greek. Bros. Schmiedel and Willett were the representativea 


of their respective societies at the celebration of Washin^on's 
birthday. On the evening of January 30 we had a Pan-Hellenic 
bsmquet, in which all the Frats in the college participated, includ- 
ing, oesides our own chapter, the W o{ B & II and a representa- 
tion of ^ X. A most enjoyable occasion it was. Singing and 
various other attractions kept the company in high spirits till a 
late hour. Several members of the faculty also met with us. 
Bro. W. J. McClure has been quite ill for several days with 
ophthalmic neuralgia, but is much better at present, and will be 
well • as usual soon, it is hoped. Bro. G. W. Muckley took a 
flying visit home a few days since, as did also Bro. J. A. Rice, 
01 Sparta, O. Bro. Kice brought back with him his sister, whom 
we welcome to Bethany society. Bro. S. M. Cooper has accepted 
the pulpit of the Church of Christ in Syracuse, JN. Y., and will 
take charge of the congregation as soon as the session closes. 
Bros. Muatley and Willett will also enter the ministry. Bro. J. 
R. Wilson will continue his medical studies atone of the Eastern 
schools. Bro. McClure and Bro. Sclimiedel will teach. Bro. 
Rosser will enter business with his father at Atlanta, Ga. Theta 
will have an unusually strong force left to take charge next year, 
not only in numbers, but in other very essential qualities. Bro. 
F. M. Dowling has, we learn, been assisting his father. Rev. 
Wm. Dowling, in a very profitable meeting at Marion, O. Frank 
has now returned to his own charge at Mt. Healthy, O., where 
he is greatly admired and loved by his congregation. Bro. W. 
8. Payne has removed from Missouri to Georgia, where he is 
filling the pulpit of the Savannah church. Bro. E. M. Smith is 
nreacning in Missouri. Bro. Stewart Taylor, of Kansas City, 
Mo., a former Bethany boy, was back among us for a few days 
recently. A note from Bro. H. C. Wells, of Platte City, Mo., 
tells us that the Delta boys out there, in what seems to us the 
" Far West," have not forgotten their friends in the Pan Handle, 
and especially Delta Tau. Bros. G. K. and G. W. Smith are 
also in Platte City. We hope any Delta in our vicinity will stop 
and call on us. We shall always welcome all who wear the 
Purple and Gray. 

Upsilon — Rensselaer. 

A month ago we changed the location of our Chapter Hall 
to the Times Building, where several of our men room, and now 
have a suite of rooms which is much more pleasant and convenient 
for us, as we have the whole floor to ourselves. Bro. Martin has 
supplied us with a piano, which adds greatly to the enjoyment of 
our hall. Fraternity matters have been quiet here, as there have 


been no men taken in for some time. The present graduating 
class is the largest Senior class the Institute has ever had, and 
most of the fraternities will lose quite a number of men. The 
First Division Conference has come and gone, but will be remem- 
bered by most of the members of our chapter as a most pleasant 
event. The chapter was represented by eight active members, 
and Bro. Zieley, '86, came down and went with us. He was 
looking very well. The reports were all encouraging, and the 
First Division is progressingfinely. We received the first num- 
ber of The Choctaw Pmo Wow^ and were very much pleased 
with its appearance. We sincerely hope that Alpha will be suc- 
rcessful witn her publication, as it is a most worthy enterprise. 
The Institute Annual, The Trcmai.t^ will be out in about a month, 
And we will be very happy to exchange with any of the chapters 
that publish an annual. It promises to be a very good issue this 
year. We had the pleasure of seeing Bro. Quintana, '84, for a 
few days during the past month. He is at present at Little Falls, 
N. Y. Bro. Kanney, '85, who has been in town for some time 
past, will return to his home in Mohawk, N. Y., in a few days. 

Beta Delta — Georgia. 

Since our last letter the rude hand of death has plucked from 
our ranks Bro. J. W. Norris, '89, Florence, S. C. Bro. Norris 
received a fall a short time ago, injuring his spine. After linger- 
ing a few days, surrounded by loving parents and kind friends, 
death came and delivered him from his sufierings. In his death 
Beta Delta loses one of her most promising members, and Delta 
Tau Delta one of her strongest supporters. We take pleasure 
in introducing to the Delta world Bro. William M. Glass, '88, 
Senoia, Ga. vVe have now eleven active, energetic members. 
Bro. Gross, '85, Warrenton, Ga., paid us a short visit a few days 
ago. We enjoyed his visit very much, and are always glad to 
have any of our alumni with us. Bro. E. T. Whately acquitted 
himself admirably in his anniversary speech of the Demosthe- 
nian Society, and was very highlv complimented by all those 
present. Bro. E. P. Upshaw has been elected one of the Cham- 
pion Debaters for the Phi Kappa Literary Society. The several 
fraternities at this university have decided to publish an annual, 
the name of which will be Pandora* It promises to be a success. 
There are two editors from each fraternity on the staff. Bros. 
Band and Upshaw, W. S., represent Delta Tau Delta. 

Th E R a I N BOW. 



About the year 1848 a rebellious class from the University 
of Lagrange, Lagrange, Tenn., entered the University of Missis- 
sippi. Among its members was Col. John B. Herring, and to 
him and six others are due the honor of being the founders of 
the Rainbow Fraternity. Tliey adopted as the ensign of the Fra- 
ternity a badge modeled after the Roman sceptres. Their next 
step was the organization of a chapter at the college from which 
they had just departed. It was organized in 1858, and flourished 
as the best in the institution until its disbandment in 1861 
(beginning of war). It is from this chapter that we have our 
oldest surviving record, bearing the date of March 11, 1858. 
The number of members at this chapter was fifteen. 

Returning to the S. A. Chapter of Oxford, Mississippi. From 
1849 to 1861 we have the record of only twenty-four members of 
that chapter, but there must have been more. When the civil 
war broke out the fraternity was completely broken up, and 
nearly all of the records destroyed. For four years after the war 
the fraternity did not have a meeting, for few of the little band 
of Rainbows came back from the fields of battle, and those who 
did were so scattered that it was di£Scult to reorganize. But 
brighter days were in store for it. In the year 1867 the frar 
temity was reorganized by David S. Switzer at Oxford. During 
this year there were nine men who struggled hard to put the 
Rainbow Frat on a fine footing, for, says W. H. Calhoun, ^^No 
dub or fraternity sufiered more by the war than the Rainbow, 
and these men being the right sort were successful. The next 
year six more members were initiated, and the prosperity of the 


fraternity is supposed to date from that time. In 1871 a chapter 
was established at Furman College, Greenville, S. C. It con- 
tinued for three years, and for some cause, at the end of that 
time, the parent chapter saw fit to withdraw its charter. 

On May 15, 1872, a chapter was established at Erskine Col- 
lege, Due West, S. C. This chapter had a long and successful 
career, although, from its establishment, it was opposed by the 
Faculty of the institution. They had, altogether, fifty members. 
Their charter was withdrawn in 1880, but was reestablished again 
soon afterward. On November 21, 1873, a chapter was estab- 
lished at Stewart's College, Clarksville, Tenn. Its charter with- 
drawn the next year. In 1874 chapters were organized at 
Wofford College, South Carolina, and Neaphogen College, Grass 
Plains, Tenn., but the charters of both were withdrawn. In 
1874 the badge of the frat was changed, and a general overhaul- 
ing took place. The chapter at Oxford, from its beginning, has 
been the peer of any club in the University, and it boasts the 
membership of many of Mississippi's favorite sons. In 1877-78 
this chapter had twenty-two men, who took nearly every honor 
in the school. In 1882 the I. P. Chapter at Vanderbilt Univer- 
sity, Nashville, Tenn., was organized, and has had a most suc- 
cessful career. In 1883-84 chapters were organized at Univer- 
sity of Texas, Emory and Henry College, and the University of 
Tennessee. In 1883 the Yanderbilt Chapter became the execu- 
tive chapter, and through it the union with Delta Tau Delta was 


For seventeen years communication between the chapters of 
our Fraternity and the Greek world in general was carried on 
by correspondence. Each year demonstrated with increasing 
perspicuity the absolute need of other means of intercommuni- 
cation and exchange of thought and idea. And it was this great 
want of some exponent, by which the chapters and their mem- 


bers could be brought into closer relationship and feeling, which 
gave birth to The Gbesobnt. The convention of 1877, which 
met at Bethlehem, Pa., realizing this growing necessity, decided 
to have published a paper in the interests of the fSrateraity and 
its adherents, and chose Bro. W. C. Buchanan (Theta, '73) as its 
editor, and formulated a plan of publication. Pursuant to 
this action, the first number appeared September 15, 1877, under 
editor-in-chiefship of Bro. Buchanan, assisted by Bro. J. P. L. 
Weems. A studied examination and perusal of that initial issue 
cannot fail to convince one that it had been well founded, and 
that from the first its success was assured. From that day The 
GsEBCSNT grew and prospered as a bay tree, and few if any fra- 
ternity publications can look back over a more evenly successful 
career, either from a literary or financial point of view. 

The chapters of our fraternity, scattered throughout the 
States, were, prior to 1877, scarcely acquainted. Communication 
was unsystematic, irregular, infrequent, unsatisfactory. A conse- 
quent indifference pervaded the entire order. There was but little 
progression in the chapters ; fraternity life was one of stagna- 
tion ; there was no exchange of ideas, no expositions of new 
ones. Delegates, on their return from conventions, gave glow- 
ing accounts of the meetings, and for a time there was some stir 
in the chapter, but the old feeling of apathy soon returned. The 
birth of The Gbesobnt was like the breaking of a new light in 
the east. The grand principles and teachings of Delta Tau Delta 
were brought forth !o the eyes of all ; the chapters were at once 
drawn closer together, and a new spirit entered their meetings. 
Alumni read with renewed pleasure the news of almost forgotten 
classmates and their successes ; the events transpiring in their 
old fraternity houses ; the triumph of Delta Tau in the East, 
West and South. 

The high position which Delta Tau has taken among her 
rivals, and the respect with which she is held by them, has been 
almost entirely promoted by the character of the journal, which 
is the real exponent of our order. Our policy has from time to 
been stated in its columns, in such clear, unmistakable terms as 
to win the applause of every fair-minded observer ; and a close 


reader will testify to the £air, generous manner in which all mat- 
ters of interest have been treated. 

Since the publication of our organ, the progress and develop- 
ment of the order has been marvelous. In 1877 there were 
twenty-five chapters on our roll, and many of these in institu- 
tions of the lowest grade. During the succeeding eight years 
sixteen chapters, all in first-grade colleges, have been added, 
and nine charters taken from chapters in inferior colleges, leav- 
ing us at present thirty-two. The history of our fraternity wiU 
show that during no similar period was such a remarkable devel- 
opment made ; and, too, it must be remembered that by this 
time the best colleges of the country had already been entered 
by many fraternities, and that each succeeding year made it a 
more difficult matter to secure a desirable set of men in desirable 
colleges. Such is our record during the existence of The Cres- 
cent, which directly and indirectly was the agent in this work. 

Only since our Crescent conception have our conventions 
been attended with any degree of success. Prior to the Put-in- 
Bay convention of 1877, the business transacted at these meet- 
ings was comparatively unimportant and devoid of any new or 
progressive features. The wonderful success of the ever-to-be- 
remembered Pittsburg and Cleveland conventions was, we do 
not hesitate to say, due to the stirring articles in The Crescent 
under their able leadership, combined, of course, with the assist- 
ance o{ the committee in charge. 

Our most recent mark of energy and advancement — ^the 
establishment of an executive council for the government of the 
order came indirectly from the discussions and needs of the order 
set forth in our journal from time to time, and the accounts of 
the government of other rival successful brotherhoods. The 
inauguration of division conferences, State meetings, the estab- 
lishment of alumni chapters at New York, Cleveland, Chicago 
and Grand Bapids have all occurred with the era of The Csbs- 
OENT, and in which she has figured as a valued and needed assist- 

In fact, she has gone hand in hand with every development 
in our order, and in some instances has been a ruling factor in 


carrying on our schemes and plans for progress. Unconsciously 
she moulds and shapes our thought and leads us to a contempla- 
tion of all that is good and just in Delta Tau Delta. It is only 
when we stop to look back that we realize what an influence she 
has had upon our thoughts, the forming and guiding of what is 
greatest and best for the future of our one common cause — 
DeltaisuL £. P. Oulluk. 


{^Respectfully dedicated to the Alpha^ by J. Harry Geissinger.) 


Raise we in chorus now 
Praise to thee. Delta Tau, 

Reigning supreme I 
Long last thy sovereign might, 
Thy crescent e*er be bright, 
Still pour thy stars by night. 

Lovers radiant stream. 

Tower thy noble form, 
Power be thine in storm. 

Queen we adore I 
Thy banner's purple-gray. 
Lead us from day to day, 
Safe on our peaceful way. 

Safe in each war. 

Loudly our voices ring, 
Proudly thy subjects sing, 

Our Delta Queen I 
God keep when foemen firown, 
Jealous of thy renown, 
Spare to the end thy crown, 

Ood save thee, Queen I 

^ B^prluUd by reqaett from Vol. IV, No. 4. 



{J TJ Gathering Song.) 

To Learning and Labor, to Love and to Law, 
We bravely devote every breath that we draw — 
And we cling to our colors, in peace or in war, 
And march in the light of the Crescent and Star. 


We are comrades, forever, 

Whom naught can dissever. 
In councils of peace, or confusion of war \ 

As brother to brother. 

We stand by each other, 
And shout, all as one, for the Crescent and Star. 

We are knights of the plow, and the pen, and the plume. 

We sow — and the wilderness breaks into bloom ; 

We sing — and our songs flutter forth and afar — 

As we fight for the right, 'neath the Crescent and Star. 


Ah, Delta Tau Delta ! Ah, comrades of mine I 
From the plains of the palm to the hills of the pine. 
Be loyal I be firm ! and may naught ever jar 
The Brotherhood bom of the Crescent and Star. 


But see I on the field of our banner appears 

A Bainbow of Promise that spans all the years — 

That blazes and bends like a broad scimetar, 

Li the bright streaming light of the Crescent and Star. 


Then health to the country that each of us loves, 
Its strength be the eaglets, its peace be the dove's — 
And sad be the hour that shall sever or mar 
This union of hearts 'neath the Crescent and Star. 


James Newton Matthews. 




George William Curtis ^ in Harper* s. 

One hundred and thirty-two years ago Columbia College, in 
New York, then called King's College, opened its doors for 
students. It was the year in which Dr. Franklin proposed his plan 
of colonial union in the Albany Congress, and in the same year 
the French built Fort Duquesne, and before the Freshmen at 
King's had ripened into Seniors, Braddock was defeated and Wash- 
ington had made his famous march to the fort. The modest little 
town of New York in which the new college was planted con- 
tained about ten thousand inhabitants, and King's College was 
the sixth in order of foundation, following Harvard, William and 
Mary, Yale, Princeton, and the University of Pennsylvania. 
The young college was not a very prolific alma rrtater in the 
earlier years. During the twenty years from its organization 
until the Kevolution it graduated but about one hundred students. 
But it was an illustrious progeny. Among tliose pupils were 
Alexander Hamilton and John Jay, and Robert Livingston and 
Gouvemeur Morris, and Egbert Benson and Philip Van Cort- 
landt, and Henry Kutgers, and sons of all the conspicuous New 
York families. 

Now noblesse oblige. Is it surprising that the descendant of 
a noble house is proud of his ancestry, that the youth of to-day 
who can trace his lineage straight back to historic heroes and 
patriots and poets and philosophers and statesmen feels himself 
to be not only the heii* of their renown, but bom to the duty of 
maintaining its lustre untarnished, if nothing more ? So feels 
the worthy alumnus of a college. There is a blue blood of aca- 
demic association as of family descent, and as the son of a long 
line of famous or noble sires feels the admonishing consciousness 
of a great responsibility for others as well as for himself, so the 
college graduate owns the duty of his great association, and 
would live worthily of the select society to which he belongs. 


If the little New York of 1754 and the little King's College 
could look in upon the vast and stately and prosperous city that 
we know, would they be surprised to see, evening after evening 
in the winter, the successive triumphal feasts of the various col- 
leges, Jura answering to the joyous Alps that call to her aloud ? 
Not at all. Those reverend half-dozen first graduates of King's, 
recalling their college feeling, would gaze benignantly upon the 
scene, glowing with the eloquent speech, joining in the pealing 
chorus of the song, serenely conscious that nothing could be 
more natural and inevitable than the demonstrative and festive 
pride of college boys in their college. 

Those elders, indeed, with all their sympathy, could not un- 
derstand it completely. They would see through a glass some- 
what darkly, but they would see. For those brave Freshmen of 
1754 and graduates of 1758 had no college tradition. They 
founded the house, indeed, but the pictures that hang in fancy 
upon its later walls, the voices that fill with the airy music of 
imagination its later and statelier halls, the glorious romance of 
association, — all this was wanting to those young academic an- 
cestors. For them there was no backward vista of tender radi- 
ance, no constellated memories beyoild their own experience. 

When the Society of the Cincinnati was formed, a club 
designed to cherish Revolutionary associations and traditions, 
the sensitive scent of patriotism was sure that it detected the 
fatal aroma of aristocracy, and raised an alarm. Hereditary 
bonors, class privileges, endangered popular rights, — these were 
the chimeras dire that hovered over the Yerplanck cottage upon 
the Hudson where the meeting for organization was held. But 
what a modest and harmless conspiracy it has proved to be ! 
The society was always small. Its worst fulminations were 
appeals to patriotism. Its most fiagrant offence has been an 
annual dinner. What a tempest in a teapot was this hostile 
excitement against that simple good-fellowship of Revolutionary 
officers ! Meanwhile the vast and powerful organization of the 
<irand Army of the Republic, which followed the later war, and 
which is an immense political force whose countenance both 
great parties sedulously solicit, and to propitiate whose favor 


liational laws are passed and State laws modified, is to the Gin- 
^cinnati as tlie King of Brobdingnag to the Prince of Lillipnt, 
bnt it arouses no suspicion of peril to the commonwealth. 

The college fraternity is a Cincinnati of educated men, and 
it is often regarded with the same kind of feeling which assailed 
the old association of Sevolutionary comrades. Like that, it 
has a great tradition. Like that, it is full of proud and tender 
memories. Like that, it feels the tie of union to be an inspira- 
tion, a wise restraint, a consolation. Like that, it meets to 
refresh its recollections, and by that meeting to enrich and 
ennoble life. The singing roisterers in the smoky hall, whose 
bright banter and gay chafi* are the charm of the college dinners, 
•carry from the table the blessing that they do not always ask. 
They renew their consciousness of the higher ideals that brood 
over the mercenary strife, the contest of money-making, and 
mean motives and low ambitions. Yes, the tradition of college 
is good-fellowship, but good-fellowship in an intellectual air and 
amid scholarly associations. To cherish it is to remember not 
only that you are a member of that fraternity, that you wear its 
blue or red ribbon, its collar or cross, its star or garter, but that 
it lays an obligation upon you, an obligation of honor not to be 
shaken off. 

The college clubs which have sprung up so suddenly and 
naturally in this city — ^which is metropolitan at least in the sense 
of collecting citizens from the whole country — and the pleasant 
dinners with which they celebrate themselves, continue the good 
work of the college, not by extending a knowledge of Greek and 
mathematics, in which every college man is ex oficio already 
proficient, but by strengthening loyalty to manly aims and stim- 
ulating generous sympathies. 

Even the sensitive patriots who call Heaven to witness that 
college education is no better than it should be, that college 
alumni are to be suspected like the Cincinnati, and that reform 
in the civil service is only a deep and dark conspiracy to fill all 
the offices with college men, and, more appalling still, to keep 
them there ! — even these patriots, whom other patriots in the 
press encourage, and, as it were, ^^'St boy I" to the onset upon 




that awful plot, may be comforted. Thank Heaven, our liberties 
are still safe despite those artful Cincinnati, and the civil service 
is still free from all but a very small proportion of college men. 
The official statistics assure the patriots who dread education that 
they may sleep on in complete confidence that the college will 
not be permitted totally to overthrow our happy Constitution. 
No, tyrants and colleges, avaunt ! Americans never, never will 
be slaves ! 


Vanderbilt TJNivERsrrY, among the foremost institutions of 
learning in the country, crowns one of the many hills that girdle 
the fair and stately city of Nashville. Looking down from its tur- 
reted halls one gazes upon a scene where every prospect pleases : 
the far stretching hills where was fought one of the deadliest, 
bloodiest and most decisive battles of the war ; the Cumberland, 
winding away like a thread of gleaming silver; Capitol Hilly 
bearing on its lofty crest the noble State House ; the chaste and 
decorous National building and numerous pretty and striking 
private residences already pushing their way up to the gates of 
the University. These, with many other scenes of beauty, readily 
convince the spectator that the projectors of the University exer- 
cised most excellent judgment and the rai'est discretion in the 
selection of a site for their college. 

The University owes its origin to the munificence of Cornelius 
Vanderbilt, who, on the 27th day of March, 1873, made a dona- 
tion of $500,000, which amount was totally consumed in the 
purchase of grounds, the erecting of buildings, the procurement 
of cabinets, furniture and general equipments. Soon after Mr. 
Vanderbilt made a further donation of $600,000, as a permanent 
endowment fund. To this amount difierent contributions, by Wm. 
H. Vanderbilt and others, have been made, until at present the 
University has an assured annual income of over $50,000. The 
campus comprises seventy-four acres, well inclosed and hand- 
somely improved. It has always been the policy of the authori- 




ties to decorate and ornament the grounds in a manner befitting 
the natural beauty of the surroundings. To this end, over one 
hundred varieties of shade trees have been planted, which have 
already made the campus a resort of rare charm and beauty. 
The University buildings, situated on the campus, are the Univer- 
eity Hall, a large and substantial four-story brick structure, 
devoted to general university purposes ; Science Hall, Wesley 
Hall, the Theological Department, the Observatory, the Gym- 
nasium, and residences, ten in number, of the Bishop, the 
Chancellor and several of the Faculty. The buildings of the 
Medical and Dental Departments are located in the city. Wesley 
and Science Halls, and the Gymnasium, all fine and attractive 
brick edifices, were added to the University by a special dona- 
tion of $150,000 made in 1879 by Wm. H. Vanderbilt, whose 
late bequest of $200,000 will probably be used in the construc- 
tion of a library building and the founding of a permanent 
Hbrary fund. 

The departments of the University are six in number, as 
follows : the Academic, the Biblical, the Law, the Medical, the 
Dental, and the Department of Pharmacy. Each of these has 
its faculty of instruction, charged with its special management. 
From the beginning Vanderbilt has met with wonderful success. 
The attendance has steadily increased from year to year, until at 
present it reaches nearly six hundred. Much of the prosperity 
of the institution is undoubtedly due to the faculty, which com- 
prises in all the departments over fifty professors, instructors 
and assistants. Many of them are men of the greatest ability 
and widest culture, and thoroughly alive to the interests of the 
University. A large number of the faculty have made indepen- 
dent researches in the fields of science and literature, which 
have brought name and fame to themselves and honor to their 
college. The prospects of the University are of the brightest. 
With a permanent endowment of a million, well equipped build- 
ings, a large and enthusiastic faculty, a growing body of loyal 
and devoted alumni, and a constantly increasing undergraduate 
corps, Vanderbilt can with safety be placed in the front rank of 
the colleges, not alone of the South but of the entire Nation. 


LambdaChapter of J T A^ lately the S. A. Chapter of Rainbow, 
was fouDded in 1882 by Walter Cain, a graduate of the Oxford^ 
Miss., Chapter. The charter members were seven in number. 
Owing to the feeling of hostility to fraternities at that time 
existing in the faculty, the early existence of the chapter was 
necessarily svb-rosa. At length, in the fullness of time, it 
seemed well to them to openly wear their colors and precipitate 
the fight with the faculty. In the contest which ensued they 
were quickly joined hjB&II and <^ J 0, who had previously 
entered the University. The fraternity question was carried 
before the authorities, ably, candidly and honestly discussed, 
and the result was a triumphant victory for the fraternities. 
The obnoxious laws were repealed, the fraternities recognized, 
and generously welcomed to the best the institution afibrded. 
The progress of the chapter has been uniformly successful and 
prosperous. It has flourished from its foundation, and has 
always been regarded as one of the very best in Vanderbilt. 
Of the University honors, many have been obtained by the 
chapter, and not a year of its existence has passed unmarked by 
victories of its members. The Lambda has been exceedingly con- 
servative in the choice of members, soliciting only those of the 
highest social standing, moral worth and intellectual capacity. 
In consequence the cheiipter personnel has been strong and pow- 
erful, and has always commanded the respect of its rivals. In 
Lambda, ATA may heartily congratulate herself that she has ac. 
quired, as Grand Chapter of the Grand Division of the South, 
a body of men who will loyally and devotedly foster her inter- 
ests and ably direct her growth in the '' Sunny South-land." 




A QUASTERLY meeting and social reunion of the New York 
Alumni Association of the Delta Tau Delta Fraternity was held 
on Saturday, March 27, at 6 o'clock p.m. at Morella's, Nos. 4 and 
6 West Twenty-ninth street, New York. In the estimation of 
all who participated, it proved to be a most enjoyable occasion. 
Among those present were Rev. L. A. Crandall, K, '73, Pastor 
of the East Twenty-third Street Baptist Church, President of the 
Association ; Will Carleton, X, '69, well known throughout the 
fratei-nity ; Andrew Bryson, K^ '67, Principal Assistant Engineer 
of the Kings County Elevated Railroad, Brooklyn ; A. H. 
Roudebush, A, '70; A. P. Trautwein, P, '76; F. E. Idell^ 
P, '77 ; A. G. BrinckerhofF, P, '77 ; L. H. Nash, P, '77 ; L. J. 
Bnick, P, '78 ; W. W. Cook, J, '80 ; and John A. Bensell, 
P, '84, and W. L. Lyall, P, '84, by invitation. 

At a brief business session preceding the dinner, the by-laws 
of the Association were amended so as to provide for non-resi- 
dent members, to a number not exceeding twelve at any time ; 
these to have all the rights and privileges of resident members, 
except to vote on candidates for membership, and shall be con- 
fined to those residing beyond a radius of ten miles from New 
York City ; the purpose is to identify with the Association espe- 
cially those members of the fraternity who belong to chapters 
now no longer in active existence, as well as those who are 
miable, owing to distance, to participate in the active affairs of 
their own chapter. This step was determined upon, after a 
number of such members of the fraternity had signified their 
desire to unite with the Association, and it is believed that the 
full complement in this class of membership will be secured 
before the close of the year. 

The following oflBcers were elected for the current year: 
President, Rev. L. A. Crandall, K^ '73 ; Vice-President, Prof. 
John L. N. Hunt, 0, '62 ; Secretary and Treasurer, A. P. 
Trautwein, P, '76 ; Executive Committee, W. W. Van Voorhis, 
Ky '67; A. H. Roudebush, A, '70; and L. J. Briick, P, '78- 


Committee on Membership : W. W. C/Ook, J, '80 ; Prof. J. E. 
Denton, P, '75 ; and Dr. K. S. Gage, M, '70. 

At the dinner informal toasts were responded to as follows : 
*' Delta Tau Delta in Literature," Will Carleton ; " Delta Tau 
Delta in the Ministry," Kev. L. A. Crandall ; "Our Alumni," 
W. W. Cook; ''Our Fraternity," A. P. Trautwein; "Our 
Reunions," A. H. Roudebush ; and "The Ladies," L. J. Bruck. 
W. W. Cook, upon general request, gave a statement of the 
union with the Rainbow Fraternity, which was listened to by all 
present with great interest. 

The Association met again, for a social reunion, on Saturday, 
April 17, at 6 o'clock, at the Metropolitan Hotel, New York City. 
In addition to a number of those who were in attendance at the 
meeting immediately preceding this, there were present upon this 
occasion the following : W. W, Van Voorhis, K^, '67; William 
Kent, P, '76 ; W. I. Cooper, P, '77 ; H. S. Pope, P, '81 ; and 
M. J. Martinez, P, '82. 

The Association decided to extend its courtesies to any duly 
accredited member of the other Alumni Associations of the fra- 
ternity, who may have occasion to visit New York City at the 
!^ime of any of its reunions. It is requested that inasmuch as 
these will occur frequently in the future, all such members of the 
fraternity will promptly communicate the fact of his presence in 
the city to the Secretary of the Association. This invitation is 
extended in general to all members of the former Rainbow Fra- 
ternity who may reside in or visit New York City. 

It was further resolved to endeavor to maintain close associa- 
tion with the other alumui chapters of the fraternity, and to 
assist if possible in the organization of new chapters of this 
class. It was decided to have in future informal discussions 
npon matters of current interest in economic and political science, 
educational topics, and similar subjects which it is thought will 
prove attractive to all who may be present at the meetings. 

The next meeting, the last of the present season, will be 
on Saturday, June 12, at a place to be announced in due time. 
This, it is believed, will exceed in point of attendance any that 
have been previously held. A number of applications for mem- 


bership will then be acted upon, and there is every reason to 
believe that the active membership at the beginning of next 
season, in September, will be nearly thirty. It will thus be seen 
that the Association has started out under rather favorable an^ 
pices and bids fair to become a permanent feature in the organ- 
ization of the fraternity. 


The University of Mississippi, situated at Oxford, in Lafayette 
County, was chartered in 1844 by the Legislature, under an able 
Board of Trustees. Shortly after the incorporation the Board 
proceeded to organize themselves into a regular body, and 
entered upon a discharge of their important duties. The comer 
stone of the Lyceum, the principal building of the University, 
was laid with Masonic ceremonies, and an address was delivered 
by Hon. John J . McCaughan. La July, 1848, the first faculty 
was elected. At the election there was a lively discussion as to 
whether clergymen ought to be allowed to submit themselves as 
candidates for the chairs of the different departments, and 
whether the '•Evidences of Christianity" should be taught or 
excluded from the college curriculum. The excuse for the omis- 
sion of said subject was that the tenets of some particular church 
would be inculcated into the minds of the young men. 

George Frederick Holmes, LL.D., was elected first President 
of the institution ; the duties as instructor in metaphysics, ethics 
and political economy also devolving upon him. He was an 
Englishman by birth, and late of William and Mary College, Ya. 

The University of Mississippi opened formally on the 6th of 
November, 1848. Hon. Jacob Thompson, then a Member of 
Congress for Mississippi, made a stirring and brilliant address, 
which was followed by an elaborate and chaste oration by Presi- 
dent Holmes, to a highly intelligent and elegant assembly. At 
first both the faculty and students were subject to difficulties ; the 
former on account of the latter's disorderly and turbulent con- 



duct, for, though many of the young men were of the "first 
families" in the State, the student body was idle, uncultivated 
and ungovernable, their vivid and incorrect imagination having 
allured them with the traditional belief that college life was but 
a series of gay and frolicsome scenes, from which they could 
emerge as great " steerers of the State" after a few sessions. 

In 1859 the title of " Chancellor" was substituted for that of 
President. Great, distinguished scholars have, during its exist- 
ence, adorned the "cathedral" of the University, in their differ- 
ent departments ; among others may be noted Drs. Millington, 
Bledsoe, Barnard, Waddle, Garland, Hillyard, Longstreet, Bur- 
ney ; Hons. Lamar, Campbell, and others. The property of the 
University is very considerable. Situated upon its grounds 
(campus) are fourteen large brick edifices and one frame build- 
ing. Eight of these are used for professors' residences, and 
three dormitories for students ; Lyceum, containing lecture- 
rooms, library, cabinet, laboratory and offices ; Observatory, for 
astronomical and mechanical purposes, and containing costly 
apparatus for these. Of the University buildings we further 
have : the Chapel, spacious and fine, with two literary societies' 
halls, — Phi Sigma and Hermaen, — in the third story ; the Mag- 
netic Observatory ; the University work-shop, etc. During the 
session of 1884-5, the University registered two hundred and 
thirty-seven students. The University magazine is published 
by the two literary societies. The faculty consists of eighteen 
professors, instructors and teachers. 

The history of the Pi Chapter of J T J, until recently the 
S. A. Chapter of the Rainbow Fraternity, is essentially the 
history of that society. Previous to the war the chapter boasted 
of an unexampled prosperity, and, being for several years the 
only society in the college, selected only the best men. It is 
not wonderful, then, that the records of the University bear 
testimony to the fact that an unusually large share of the Univer- 
sity honors were bestowed on the Rainbows. The civil war, 
which fell heavily upon the University, disrupted the fraternity, 
destroyed its records, and scattered its sons, — many of whom 


joined the Confederate armies, some of them now sleeping quietly 
in unknown graves, where 

"Glory guards with solemn round 
The bivouac of the dead." 

For eight long years the chapter had no active existence, until 
the reorganization was effected in 1867 by David S. Switzer. 
During this year the chapter numbered nine men, who struggled 
faithfully and well to place it upon a permanent basis and secure 
for it prosperity and success. In the following year six strong 
men were initiated, and the organizers commenced to see the 
realization of their hopes and to reap the rewards of their labors. 
For several years nothing of peculiar interest occurred, the 
chapter continuing to move onward step by step with the rival 
societies, until, in 1877-8, a large number of the ablest men in 
University were initiated. As a result, nearly all the honors in 
that year were captured, — a victory unequaled in the history of 
the University. The yellow fever, in the summer of '78, carried 
off several of the active members, and left the chapter in a 
somewhat weakened condition. The lost ground was, however, 
recovered by the stem efforts of the remaining members, and 
the old reputation was retained, and new garlands added to those 
already won. The later years have peacefully passed away, 
marked by no startling events. The chapter has prospered. She 
has retained her prominent position in the affairs of the Univer- 
sity ; the undergraduate membership has averaged from fourteen 
to eighteen, and has from year to year crowned the fraternity 
with new evidences of strength and ability ; the alumni have 
retained much of their interest, and many of them have already 
attained eminence in the public affairs of the State. As the 
Bainbows of Mississippi have ever jealously guarded the rich 
traditions of their glorious past, so with strong and willing hands 
will they grasp the imperial standard of "our good old Delta 
Tau," and carry it forward, with love and fidelity, to fresh fields 
of honor, renown and distinction. 


Zhc (Breelt Morlb« 

A Chi Phi, writing to The Qiuzrterly^ from Cornell, says that 
"Alpha Delta Phi, ZetaPsi and PsiUpsilon have chapter-houses 
of their own, and, with the Kappa Alpha, have the choice of men. 
They have a membership of about twenty each, excepting Zeta Psi, 
which averages fifteen. This fraternity is the most select and 
richest in the college, having a handsome house and no debt. 
The Kappa Alpha, however, are perhaps even in a better financial 
condition, having several members of the faculty. It will proba- 
bly build a house this spring. The Theta Delta Chi have a \ery 
nice and energetic set of men. The Delta Kappa Epsilon for years 
stood far in advance, but, owing chiefly to the want of a chapter- 
house, have fallen and dwindled away to nine men. It is un- 
doubtedly a fact that possessing a chapter-house enables a frater- 
nity to have the choice of men. Phi Kappa Psi has but eight or 
nine men, and exists more in a name than anything of influencel 
Still worse is Beta Theta Pi, — few men and not very select. 
One of them has distinguished himself as an ardent and noisy 
member of the Salvation Army. The members of Delta Upsilon 
are mixed in appearance and disposition, but are in common 
among the ' digs.' As a result of their hard work they do much 
in the way of college honors. Chi Psi just started again last 
spring, and is not making much headway. The field seems to 
be too well occupied already for the new-comer. Unless it could 
start with a chapter-house and a good fund at its back, its chances 
for life are small." 

The new lodge of the Lambda Chapter of tlie Delta Psi Fra- 
ternity at Williams was opened on March 15, 1886, with appro- 
priate ceremonies. The comer-stone was laid last May, and the 
building is now complete. It is of blue freestone, unique in its 
design, the architecture being a happy combination of the early 
English and Norman styles. The site is, perhaps, the finest in 
Williamstown. Representatives were present from all of the 
chapters of the fraternity at Yale, Trinity, Columbia, the Uni- 


versities of Rochester, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and Washington 
and Lee. Among many others there were present Bishop Doane, 
of Albany; Gen. Steward L. Woodford, of New York; He vs. 
J. D. Fulton and D. A. Schauffler, of New York; President 
Simmons, of the New York Stock Exchange; Cyrus W. Field, 
Jr. A special train brought 150 members from New York and 
vicinity. A banquet was served at midnight in the new banquet 

2 has withdrawn its charter from Union College on account 
of the decline of the college. — A T fl Palm. This is the parent 
chapter of 2 4>, and is the second oldest chapter in the Greek 
world, being founded in 1827, the oldest being the Union chap- 
ter of Northern K A^ which was founded in 1826. 

The other fraternities represented by chapters at the institute 
are 2 X and S. 2 X has been here four years and has fifteen 
men, five of who have come here from chapters at other colleges. 
H was established a month before our chapter, and has eleven 
men. The best of feeling prevails among the frateniities here, as is 
shown by the fraternity hops, — a series of afternoon Gymnasium 
dances given by the three fraternities. — [Massachusetts Institute 
of Technology correspondent to the A T XI Palm, 

The anti-fraternity laws at the University of West Virginia 
have been repealed, and K A has reestablished her chapter there. 
ATA had a chapter there in the early days of the war, which 
numbered among its membership John H. Miller, Vice-Presi- 
dent and Manager of the Merchant's Telegraph Construction 
Company of New York City ; the Hon. Joseph Moreland, a 
prominent lawyer in Morgantown and a Regent of the Univer- 
sity ; and the Hon. George C. Sturgiss, also a prominent lawyer 
in Morgantown, and and recently the Republican nominee for 
Governor of the State. ATA recently received a petition to 
reestablish the chapter, but did not think is wise to do so. 

The Senate of the United Chapters of the Phi Beta Kappa met 
in Boston on March 6, at the rooms of the Fellows of Harvard 
College. Several applications for charters were received and 
appropriately referred. Arrangements were made for the trien- 


nial meeting of the National Council at Saratoga on September 
1, 1886. Among those present were Edward Everett Hale, 
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, O. B. Frothingham, President 
Francis A. Walker, Judge Oliver Wendell Holmes, Justin Win- 
sor, Professors h\ R. Nash, of Hobart, and Adolph Werner, of 
New York College. 

A. A. KiNCANNON and Dabney Lipscomb, professors in the 
Agricultural and Mechanical College of Mississippi, are botln 
J r J's; Prof. J. L. Johnson, and A. J. Quinche, of the Uni- 
versity of Mississippi, are 2 X's ; M. H. Mabry, Lieutenant 
Governor of Florida, is a J T ^ \ Prof. Edward Mayes, of the 
University of Mississippi, is a J X £" ; A. S. Mehary, J. C. 
Longstreet and J. W. Cutter, members of the last Legislature 
of Mississippi, are J T J's. 

A NEW fraternity has come to us this year, A X. Its chap- 
ter is rather a strong one numerically, but it is as yet but little 
known in our Greek world. The "Mystic Seven" has changed 
its name to ^ ^, and its badge from a monogram of the letters 
M ^ to a star, with the three letters given above, in the centre. 
There is a rumor that ^ iV is to start a chapter here, but notliing 
material has come of it. — U. of V, cor. K Shield. 

The Sigma Phi Fraternity celebrated its fifty-ninth anniver- 
sary with the Alpha at Union on March 4, 1886. The active 
chapters at Hobart, Williams, Union, Hamilton, and the Univer- 
sities of Vermont and Michigan were represented. Among 
those present were Hon. Charles E. Fitch, editor of the Roches- 
ter Democrat and Chronicle^ Gen. Rufus King, of Albany, and 
about forty others. 

The new song book of ^ J will appear during the month 
of May. There will be about ninety songs in all, about forty of 
which are new. There will be ten or twelve pages of original 
music, and the other pieces will have references to "Carmina 
Collegensia," "American College Song Book," "Student's 
Songs," and other like collections where music is found. 

At her St. Louis Convention, in 1885, B & 11 granted a 
charter to petitioners at the University of Texas. This chapter 


does not appear among the others in the B G 11 "*' Hand-Book for 
1886." It is said that the chapter started with only four men 
and has never obtained any more, but has lost some of the 
original four. 

The movement for a Zeta Psi Club in New York City was 
advanced on March 16, at a meeting of the resident mem- 
bers, when a committee appointed to inquire into the feasibility 
of the project reported in its favor. To ensure the success of a 
club-house one hundred members will be required. 

The Shield says "that the fraternities at the University of 
Nebraska {0/10 and 2X) are desirous that KA& should 
establish a chapter in that institution." A0 K V^ recently entered 
the University with the desire to found a chapter, but, finding 
the field occupied, joined J &. 

Indianapolis seems to be a popular city for constitutional 
conventions. B & 11 adopted her present constitution there in 
1878 ; the present constitution and laws of J T J were adopted 
there in 1883 ; and in 1886 K W adopted her new form of 
government in the same city. 

The resident members of Theta Delta Chi held their fourth 
annual reunion and dinner at the Murray Hill Hotel, New York, 
on March 12. President Capen, of Tufts, presided. About 
eighty members were present. 

The chapters of A T Xl at Washington and Lee and Stevens 
await the action of the High Council of that fraternity at its 
next meeting. The former has no members, and the latter has 
but one, and he is a. senior. 

The Lambda Chapter of Delta Phi at Rensselaer gave a bril- 
liant ball on Febniary 24, 1886, in part payment of society 
obligations due the people of Troy by that fraternity. 

The New York and Pennsylvania Chapters of ^ /'J will 
hold a conference June 3 and 4, at Gettysburg, Pa. 

The Indiana State Convention ot^ F A met with the Lambda 
Chapter of De Pauw University, April 9, 1886. 


The colors of * J and J * are white and blue. The colors 
of $ r J, 2 A E and 2 9 are royal purple. 

The Epsilon Province Convention of * J met in Indian- 
apolis, April 8, 1886. 

K Aj at Cornell, will soon commence the building of a chap- 

Thb next Convention of X * meets at Louisville, in Novem- 
ber, 1886. 

The a J Sta/r cmd Orescent has suspended publication. 

2 N has entered the Missouri State University. 

2 A E has established a chapter at Wolford. 

r ^ has entered Adelbert with six men. 



Sank a palace in the sea. 

When my ship went down ; 
Friends whose hearts were ^old to me — 
Gifts that ne'er again can be — 

'Neath the waters brown. 
There you lie, O Ship, to-day, 
In the sand-bar stiff and gray ! 
You who proudly sailed away 

From the splendid town. 


Now the ocean's bitter cup 

Meets your trembling lip ; 
Now your gilded halls look up 

From Disaster's grip. 
Ruin's nets around you weave ; 
But I have no time to grieve ; 
I will promptly, I believe. 

Build another ship. 

Will Carlbtoit. 



The XXVlIth Annual Canvetitian toiU he held at 
LauisvUle, Aug. 26, 26 and 27, 1886. 


We have received a copy of the by-laws of the New York Alumni 
Association of our Fraternity, which affords us a good insight into the 
workings of that organization, — an account of whose two recent meet- 
ings will be found elsewhere in this issue of The Rainbow. The 
entire scheme for its organization seems to have been carefully worked 
out, with a keen appreciation of the conditions under which alumni 
•chapters have been known to thrive, and of the dangers which threaten 
their existence. We therefore take pleasure in briefly stating the 
methods of this Association, as shown by its rules. We do so the 
more cheerfully because the subject of alumni organization, which is 
at present receiving considerable attention from the more progressive 
of the fraternities, finds Delta Tau Delta thoroughly alive to the issue. 
We trust that the time will not be far distant when the alumni chap- 
ters now on our roll will be supplemented by others in those of the 
larger cities which afford the necessary material. 

The oflScers of the New York Alumni Association are few in num- 
ber, consisting of a President, a Vice-President and a Secretary and 
Treasurer, — the offices of Recording and Corresponding Secretary and 
Treasurer being combined in one person ; they are elected for one 
year, and perform the duties usually devolving upon such ofllcers. 
There is an Executive Committee of three, which arranges for meet- 
ings, banquets and social reunions ; arranges the toast list, assigns the 
papers to be read, and arranges for the topical discussions. A Com- 
mittee on Membership take action upon all applications for member- 
ship, and examines the candidate's fraternity and professional or mer- 
cantile record. Provision is made for two classes of members, — resi- 
dent members, who reside and do business within a radius of ten miles 


of the post office of the City of New York ; the latter class is limited 
to the number of twelve, presumably to secure compliance with the 
laws of the fraternity framed for the government of alumni chapters, 
which place the responsibility for the charter with resident members. 
Non-resident members, however, seem to have all privileges and rights 
of resident members, except that they have no voice in the election of 
members. The method of election is by letter ballot, and all candi- 
dates are required to be present in person at the meeting immediately 
preceding their election. Active membership in both classes is for 
the present confined to graduates of two years' standing and to non- 
graduates who have been four years out of college. This seemingly 
arbitrary ruling is, we understand, made for the purpose of allowing 
the policy of the Association, its membership, and the manner of con- 
ducting its elections, to be determined by the older graduates, and to 
prevent the Association from degenerating, as so many others have 
done, into essentially undergraduate reunions, of temporary existence 
and without fixed objects in view. We learn, however, that it is by no 
means intended to debar the younger graduates and non-graduates 
from participating in the social reunions of the Association, or from 
being present at the business meetings. The whole plan seems to have 
been wisely planned, and experience will doubtless confirm the theory 
on which the New York Alumni Association seems to be working. 

We shall watch its workings with a great deal of interest. In New 
York City the alumni chapter scheme will be subjected to the crucial 
test of its efficiency. In no city in the country, except perhaps here 
in Chicago, are the conditions for successful growth less favorable 
than in New York City, whose numerous professional societies, social 
organizations, and thousands of distractions peculiar to metropolitan 
life, render it much more difficult to maintain an organization whose 
existence shall be more than merely nominal, and which will success- 
fully attract the older as well as the younger alumni ; which will main- 
tain active co-operation and advisory relations with the Executive 
Council and the smaller chapters ; promote a better acquaintance, 
socially and professionally, among the graduate members of the frater- 
nity, and advance the interests of Delta Tau Delta in its vicinity. 
And if the New York alumni succeed in their undertaking, as now 
seems more than probable, we shall not listen with any degree of 
patience to the protests of our alumni in such cities as Pittsburgh, 
Cincinnati and Indianapolis that, in spite of their large number of 


resident members, they cannot venture to conduct an alumni chapter 
with at least as fair a prospect of success as our alumni in the busy 


The last General Convention passed a resolution providing for the 
definite and final distribution of the remaining copies of the Fifth 
(reneral and First Biographical Catalogue of the iVatemity on such a 
basis that every chapter, as such, shall be responsible for its quota of 
the entire edition in proportion to the whole number of names on its 
chapter roll, as found in the Catalogue. This action was taken on the 
fkir assumption that, inasmuch as the Catalogue is a general fraternity 
enterprise, every chapter should be called upon to bear its proportion- 
ate share of the expense by means of subscriptions. In this way all 
chapters whose alumni and undergraduates have done their duty are 
relieved of further responsibility, while those who have failed to inter- 
est themselves in behalf of the Catalogue, will now be called upon to 
attend to the distribution of their quota. No fault can be found in 
justice with this arrangement, which is impartial and fair ; and we are 
glad to learn that several of the chapters who have failed in the past 
to show that interest which they should have, are now realizing their 
share of the responsibility by promptly taking up their part of the 
edition. The Catalogue certainly' deserves the most general circula- 
tion, and, if properly used, will do more toward bringing together the 
alumni and undergraduates than any other means that can be devised. 
It has met with universal approval from all who have seen it, and is 
considered b^^ those whose opportunities for judging are good, the 
equal of any work of its class, with perhaps one or two exceptions. 
To the lawyers of the fraternity the book must be of special value, 
giving them the addresses of nearly 750 members of their own profes- 
sion, whose reliabilit}', responsibility and honesty as correspondents 
is largely guaranteed by the fact that they are members of the frater- 
nity. The time of the year is now coming when our younger members 
will spend much of their time in travel ; they cannot have a more 
useful traveling companion or vade mecum than a copy of the Cata- 
logue. We do not think, however, that the book requires further 


praise from us, as its merits are well known throughout the fraternity, 
and we can only hope that the entire edition will be exhausted in short 
order. It was not printed from stereotype plates, and as the next 
Catalogue will not be issued until 1890, it will be well if those who 
desire a copy of the Catalogue will provide themselves with it at once. 
We draw attention to the notice, elsewhere in this issue, of the Cata- 
logue Agent on this subject. 


The Executive Council, in pursuance of the authority conferred by 
the Detroit Convention, has selected Louisville as the place, and 
August 25, 26 and 27 as the time, for the Convention of 1886. We 
have every reason to commend the wisdom and judgment exhibited by 
the Council in their choice of a place so well adapted for a successful 
Convention as is the city of Louisville. The hotel accommodations 
are excellent, the generosit}^ and hospitality of its citizens unbounded. 
The hundreds of Delta Taus in the adjacent Northern States will wel- 
come the opportunity of visiting a typical Southern city, and, at the 
same time, participating in the affairs of the Convention and joining 
in the mirth of a jolly Delta banquet. It will for the first time give 
our Southern chapters the chance to send full delegations, and get 
thoroughly acquainted with their Northern brethren. Without doubt 
the selection of Louisville will attract a large number of our new 
brothers of the Rainbow, and thus lead to that much desired end — the 
complete and harmonious mingling of the members of the fraternities 
so happily united. The arrangements for the meeting will be made by 
the Louisville alumni, who in our next number will publish a fbll and 
satisfactory announcement to the fraternity'. 

No appointments for Orator and Poet of the Convention have as 
yet been made by the Council, and we earnestly hope that these feat- 
ures will be omitted, and the meeting celebrated without public literary 
exercises. We base our statement on what we believe to be solid and 
convincing facts. Two of our recent Conventions, — those of Indianap- 
olis and Detroit, — cost the fraternity an outlay of nearly half-a-thou- 
Band dollars. The greater part of this expenditure was for public 
literary exercises, which, though certainly pleasant and agreeable 


features, are yet of momentary value, and not lasting or permanent in 
their effects. Any Delta who is even slightly acquainted with the 
actual, pressing needs of the fraternity, will readily admit that these 
do not lie in the direction of public display at our Conventions. Con- 
vention literary exercises in the past have proved themselves costly 
amusements, and certainly haye brought but meagre returns upon the 
investment It is not necessary for us to enumerate the different way& 
in which this money could be more wisely and judiciously expended 
and invested. They are well known to every Delta Tau who wears the 
harness of a worker and toiler in our vineyard. Our disbursements, 
every dollar of them, should be for internal improvements, and not for 
outward show. To place one chapter in a comfortable hall ought to 
be of infinitely more satisfaction to us than a two-column newspaper 
article on literary exercises at our Conventions. The latter is read and 
appreciated by few, and forgotten in a day by the masses who notice 
it Most of us, indeed, who listened to these exercises enjoyed them, 
and carried away pleasant recollections. Yet the more practical mem> 
bers, when we came to count up the profit and loss and square the 
ledgers, could not avoid the belief that, by a different use of the 
money, the fraternity, as a living, working, fighting organization, could 
have been better prepared for its life, made more efficient in its work, and 
armored with stronger, sterner weapons for its field of conflict Money 
to a college fraternity, as to all organizations, is indeed the sinews of 
war and the keenest and most effective instrument of offense or 
defense; and that society which regulates and controls its financial 
expenditures in the simplest, wisest most practical methods, will inev- 
itably reap the most permanent and lasting results. As a fraternity 
dating its real life back scarcely ten years, Delta Tau has accomplished 
wonders. As much, if not more, can be done in the next decade if we 
use our surplus money, — if, fortunately, we should possess any, — in 
strengthening our weak places, in developing where we need to develop, 
in making permanent and abiding those forces which are essential to 
the activity and vigor and power of the fraternity. 

As an additional argument in support of our position, let us men- 
tion the fact that the Louisville Convention will be overcrowded with 
work. Without the slightest exaggeration, more questions of impor- 
tance will be thrust upon this Convention than upon any of its prede- 
cessors. As is well known, much of the work of the Detroit Convention 
was left unfinished. \Ve need only mention the Ritual as an example. 


At Louisville the policy of the fraternity, in several matters of extreme 
moment, will be firmly fixed ; the separation of the chapters into per- 
manent Divisions ; the creation of several new funds, and the founding 
of a permanent financial policy ; the final regulations of dues, taxes 
and assessments ; the discussion of methods to place the journal on 
a successful financial basis ; plans for the organization of the alumni ; 
various changes in the emblems of the fraternity, and other questions 
of equal importance will invite and engage the attention of the dele- 
gates. These subjects must be discussed deliberately and exhaustively, 
and decided in full view of the force and effect they will exert on the 
future history and growth of Delta Tau. We have no reason to doubt 
that every available hour of the three days will be demanded for the 
transaction of legitimate business, and that no time can be spared to 
public exercises. 

®p«n Xcttcve. 



The literary exercises upon the occasion of the Indiana State 
Oratorical Association in Indianapolis, on April 8, are remarkable 
chiefly for the disgraceful scenes which followed the call for the repre- 
sentative from the the State University at Bloomington. The appear- 
ance of two rival claimants gave rise to an acrimonious discussion and 
to disgraceful disturbances, which ceased only when the manager of 
English's Opera House announced his determination to clear the house 
if these scenes did not at once come to an end. 

These occurrences one might naturally look for at a political ward 
caucus, but not at a symposium of college men ; to us they seem espec- 
ially offensive, and we are therefore prompted to examine the facts of 
the case and point out the lesson which they should teach. The whole 
trouble can be traced directly to the system of interfi-atemity combina- 
tions, so common in all of the Indiana Colleges. In no others, in fact, 
has it became more universal and far-reaching, as written bargains are 
entered into every year, and by these the several fraternities are inflex- 
ibly bound for that period, irrespective of right or wrong. That there 
is no other principle involved than that of making the best of the bar- 


gain, is best shown by the fact^ that it is of constant occurrence to see 
the allied fraternities of one year arrayed in bitter hostility against 
one another the following year ; the desire of each being to control by 
thus combining as many as possible of the political and literaxy offices. 
It afiects every phase of college life, every college enterprise, and 
finally enters into the af^Eiirs of the State Oratorical Contest. It is a 
source of deep regret to the intelligent members of all of the fraterni- 
ties beyond the limits of the State, and a constant source of anxiety to 
the governing bodies of the same ; it seems to have defied all general 
and special legislation that has been passed with a view removing it. 
It is doing much toward making the Chapters of that State political 
cliques whose sole aim is to advance selfish interests to the detriment 
not only of their colleges but also of their fraternities ; it is largely 
responsible for perpetuating the initiation of preparatory students, 
because some of the Chapters in order to maintain their numerical 
influence, will resort to the initiation of senior and even of middle and 
junior preparatory students, which necessarily compels others to follow 
suit It leads to hasty initiations in the scramble for members, and has 
done more, we feel sure, than all other influences combined, to cause 
the numerous instances of expulsions, resignations, and desertions, 
which are more common in Indiana Colleges than in those of any other 
State. In fact a casual observer would feel quite justified in assuming, 
that at some of these colleges the fraternity system is rotten to the 
core, and, indeed, there must be something radically wrong in a system 
which tolerates abuses, only a few of which we have pointed out above. 

As the first step necessar}' to purge the fraternity system of its 
irregularities, it will be necessary to abandon at once the present 
practice of making written and formal bargains ; they savor too much 
of the methods of the very lowest political work ; we believe, that in 
every relation a chapter's word, like that of an individual, should be 
as good as its bond ; but every chapter should feel free to act accord- 
ing to its best instincts, which it cannot, when a written compact is 
signed in combination with others, long before the time for action has 

We will not argue here against interfratemity combinations except 


in the abstract, for we realize fully that these will continue to exist in 
spite of the most logical argument and the most stringent legislation, 
until such a time when the fraternities will find in their legitimate 
purposes a sufficiently large sphere of usefulness to exercise all of their 


energies and engage their entire thought ; but we desire to see their un- 
doubtedly vicious influence minimized by cutting off all features that 
will yield to argument and legislation. We therefore call upon our 
Indiana Chapters to hold aloof from all combinations which tie them 
hand and foot as does the present method ; the resolution of the Wat- 
^ins Glen Convention to this effect has never been duly heeded. It is- 
useless to remonstrate that they cannot afford to do so, without losing 
all political influence ; we would rather see them deprived for a whole 
college generation of all college honors, falsely so-called, than to have 
them assist in perpetuating a system of whose viciousness, both in 
methods and results, they must be Inlly aware. Moreover, at least one 
chapter in the State, that of ^ K E, at De Pauw University, has reso- 
lutely and for a number of years taken precisely the position which we 
here advocate, and we believe has suffered but little in the distributioii 

of college offices. 

A. P. Teautwbin. 



The Record | op the | Ohio Alpha Chapter, | Phi Kappa Psi, | compiled 
and edited | by | W. H. Gamble, '88, 0. W. U., | Begistrar of the Chap- 
ter, I E. M. Van Ci^vb, '86, 0. W. U., | Delaware, Ohio, | Ohio Wesley aa 
University, | 1885. 

The publication of this neat little book of 216 pages cele- 
brates the twenty-fifth anniversary of the Ohio Alpha ot ^ K W. 
It is the product of the faithful labor and patient toil of two under- 
graduates who devoted their time and talents to the work, so 
that the chapter might possess a fitting record of its achieve- 
ments. The book opens with the usual Introductiorij which 
precedes A Song of Phi Kappa Pd^ a rather lengthy but excel- 
lent poem. Then follows a graphic sketch of the History of 
Ohio Alphay by C. L. Van Cleve, well known as a recent editor 
of The Shield, Ohio Alpha's Infancy is a sympathetic article 
on that period of chapter life, which to every devoted fraternity 
man possesses a peculiar interest. The main body of the book is 
devoted to The Special Register^ which consists of biographical 
sketches of the chapter initiates. Many of these are complete 
in every respect, giving the date of birth, name of parents, 
course of education, — public school and collegiate ; political, 
professional or business career in full, and many other details 
necessary to a satisfactory sketch. An unusually large number 
oi honorary members are noticed, who were avowedly initiated 
to strengthen the chapter at a time when college authorities 
looked upon fraternities as unworthy of trust. Aside from these 
members, the chapter has legitimately enrolled many men of 
prominence and wide reputation. The work concludes with 
Ohio Alpha Peminiscences and an Index. The compilers are to 
be highly commended for the excellence and success of their 
Pecord. The book will be to them a rich reward for their time, 
labor and thought, and a fitting tribute of love and loyalty to 
their chapter^ which is certainly to be heartily congratulated upon 
possessing men who have been willing, under discouraging cir- 
cumstances, to cheerfully devote themselves to her interests and 


A I Manual | op | Pm Delta Theta, | by Walter B. Palmeb. | Nashville^ 
I Southern Methodist PublishiDg House. | Printed for the author | 1886. 

Such is the title page of a handsomely printed little volume 
of fifty-four pages, recently published by Mr. W. B. Palmer, 
who is well known in general fraternity circles as a very promi- 
nent $ J @, and one of her ablest and most skillful organizers. 
A very mine of valuable fraternity and collegiate infoimation i& 
packed between the covers of the volume, and a clumsy Phi Delt. 
will he be who cannot convert it into a most effective and dan- 
gerous campaign document. More than half the pages are 
devoted to a clear and well-written Sketch of the Fraternity^ 
wherein is charmingly portrayed the birth, the early struggles 
and the wonderful growth of ^ J 0. Many of the autiior's state- 
ments are strengthened and verified by foot-notes, in the line. of 
quotations from accepted fraternity authorities and historical arti- 
cles published in the journals. Four pages contain a list ot^A &%■ 
Prominent Members^ of whom she possesses a goodly number. 
Statistics of Fraternities mentions all the chaptered fSraternities, 
giving date of foundation ; number of chapters in number of 
States ; name of journal, with date of foundation ; and the frater- 
nity colors. The final sixteen pages contain a most valuable 
array of Statistics of Colleges^ in which i> J is represented. 
The items include name of college and college town ; date of 
charter ; income ; endowment ; number in faculty ; number of 
students in various departments ; tuition fee ; size of library % 
names of college papers ; names of fraternities represented, with 
date of entry. By an admirable and judicious use of his mate- 
rials, Mr. Palmer has succeeded in producing a manual of ster- 
ling worth for practical use and ready reference. It is interest- 
ing and valuable not only to ^ ^ 0'8, but also to all other frater- 
nity men, who will find the statistical portions especially adapted 
to their needs. We would like to see a copy placed in the hands 
of every one of our chapters. The book will be sold to any 
person, and can be obtained of the author, W. B. Palmer, Kash- 
ville, Tenn., for thirty cents in paper covers, and fifty cents in 


Cbaptcr %cttcts. 

Beta Beta — De Pauw. 

The Twelfth Annual Contest of the Indiana State Oratorical Asso- 
ciation was held in English's Opera House, Thursday evening, April 
8, 1886. After the orators from Franklin and De Pauw had spoken, 
the presiding officer then arose and said : << I wish to give a word of 
explanation. The orator fh>m the State University has been contested. 
Part of the committee is for Mr. Fesler and part for Mr. Sims. Mr. 
Fesler's name is on the programme, and his subject is " The Indepen- 
dent Voter." As the presiding officer took his seat, Mr. Fesler stepped 
forward to speak, and at the same time Mr. Sims appeared at the 
footlights. Cries for Fesler were succeeded by cries for Sims, and 
then cries of the factions ran together and so continued for the some 
minutes. Manager English then appeared upon the stage and said : 
" I am not the manager of this oratorical contest, but I am manager 
of English's Opera House. If this thing continues, neither of these 
men shall speak in this house.'' The cries for Sims and Fesler contin- 
ued, and then the shout of " Wabash, Wabash," was taken up, that 
college being next on the programme. Mr. English again came upon 
the stage and said : << These gentlemen will both have to take their 
seats. The house officer here will see that they do so." At this both 
took their seats, and the noise subsided. As Mr. Sims was the orator 
of the regular association and Mr. Fesler of the irregular one, it seems 
that the former should have been allowed to speak. 

The other colleges represented were Wabash, Butler and Hanover. 
The first position was awarded to Mr. Joseph M. Adams, '86, J K Ey 
of De Pauw University. Among the Judges were Professor Justin N. 
Study, ^ r J (Mu, '71), the Superintendent of the Richmond Public 
Schools, and the Bev. Leland M. OUleland, J TJ (Gamma, '68), the 
pastor of the Walnut Street Presbyterian Church, Evansville. The 
winning combination in the election of officers for the ensuing year 
was composed of B G Hy T ^, J K E, K W, 2 X and J T ^, 
each of which received one or more officers, the minority being com- 
posed of $ J 6 and the barbarians. Nearly all of our chapter 


attended the contest, and had the pleasure of meeting the Phi and 
Beta Zeta Deltas, and the two Deltas who served as judges on the 

Dr. Earp has been offered the presidency of Baker University, at 
Baldwm, Kan. Prof. William W. Martin, of the School of Theology, 
has accepted a professorship in the Biblical Department of YanderbUt 
University. Lieut James B. (Joe will be succeeded by Lieut Will T. 
May as Professor of Military Science and Tactics on the first of July. 
The Forty-seventh Year-Book of the University is now in the hands 
of the printers, and will show an enrollment of nearly seven hundred 
students in all departments. Representatives of a part the fraternities 
of the Junior Class will soon issue an annual which will be called 
the Mirage^ and we will be pleased to exchange with the chapters for 
the annuals published at their colleges. The chapter regrets the 
absence of Bro. Wimmer, '86, who will not be in college this term, 
but will graduate with his class in June. We were all very much 
pleased to know that the Rainbow Fraternity is now a member of 
A T A^ and hope that much good will result from the imion. When 
Bro. Plummer stopped off on his way from Nashville last fall. Beta 
Beta called a special meeting and agreed to the articles of agreement 
between ATA and Rainbow, thus being the first chapter to vote upon 
them. Since last writing it has been our good pleasure to have with 
us for a short time Bros. Borryman, '86, and Jackson, '82 ; Professor 
Study (Mu, '71), Beta Beta's guardian in her early days, and also 
Bro. Johnson, '85, now Instructor in Physics in the Indianapolis High 
School, who assisted Professor De Mott in his illustrated lecture on 
the " Philosophy of Music," the best entertainment of the University 
lecture course. We acknowledge the receipt of The Choctaw Povo Wow, 
published by Alpha, and The Iota Chronicle, both of which are quite 
loadable papers, and deserve much encouragement 

Upsilon — Rensselaer. 

Our second term is nearly finished, and six or seven weeks will 
see the members of the chapter enjoying the freedom of the summer 
vacation, which is about the only one worth mentioning with the excep- 
tion of a week's holiday at Christmas. As we look back over the 
past year we can truthftilly say that the chapter has made more 
advancement than in any previous one. We have held our largest 
membership and have secured more college honors than at any time. 


The rooms we now occupy are particularly desirable, and as we have 
a whole floor are very agreeable. We have had the misfortune to lose 
three of our members, namely, Bro. Finney, '88, and Bros. Hebert and 
Martin, '89. Bro. Martin was obliged to return home on account of 
poor health. Bros. Finney and Hebert wiU return in the fall. The 
Institute Ball Nine defeated Union CoUege by a score of 12 to 4. 
Work has been renewed upon the Gymnasium, and it is expected 
to be finished by next September. It will be a very handsome 
building, 44xB0 feet, two and one-half stories, built of dark red brick, 
with brown-stone trimmings. The annual, the Trannt, will be out in 
about three weeks, and it is reported will be an exceptionally good 
issue. We hope to exchange with all our sister chapters publishing 
annuals. On account of the large graduating class, and the smidl 
Freshman class, several of the fraternities here will be reduced to a 
very limited number, especially if the incoming class should be smalL 
During the past month we have had the pleasure of receiving visits 
from Bros. Asserson, '87 ; Quintana, '84, and Ranney, '85. 

Pi — University of Mississippi. 

As THIS is our first letter to appear in The Rainbow, and as all 
know we are new-comers in the Greek world, we would ask indulgence 
if we do not write as good a letter or appear as well acquainted with 
journalistic afiairs. The University has not as many students thB» 
session as in former years. Some attribute as a cause, co-education, 
which made its debut here in 1882 by resolution of the Trustees ; but 
the male part of the student body seems to be dissatisfied with co-edu- 
cation as it now exists, and some few are doing all in their power to 
banish it from the University. But the session thus far has been very 
profitable one to the students and a very pleasant and peaceAil one fbr 
the professors. Spring has come at last, with her balmy breezes and 
bright new dress of green, and has made the campus lovely beyond 
description. Nearly all the students have the "spring fever" and 
" Ejiucks," which, by the way, is a favorite spring game here. 

The 17th of April was the day for the Hermsean Literary Societies 
Senior Trial Debate, but on account of the inclemency of the weather 
it was postponed until night, which was lovely, and all the beauty and 
chivalry of Oxford were out to hear the seniors " spread themselves. "^ 
It was a very interesting debate, and all the speakers did themselves 
justice. The following Saturday (24th) was the day for the Phi Sigma 


Literary Societies' Senior Debate. The seniors acquitted themselves 
admirably, and one rarely hears debates like that. On April 30 we 
will have the pleasure of hearing Phi Sigma's chosen Anniversary 
Orator, who will give us an original oration, and every one is expecting 
something grand, as he is a gentleman of some renown in oratory, 
having taken two medals before. Commencement is slowly but surely 
approaching, and even now one can hear the boys practicing their 
speeches for that memorable occasion of << jollity" and "ice cream.*' 

Our chapter is in good condition, and we meet regularly every other 
Saturday night We have thirteen good men, which is more than the 
average for each fraternity here. Three of our men are juniors, three 
sophomores, three freshmen, and one senior law student This seems 
to be a good session for fraternities here, as every one has a good 
number, and there seems to be less of the clannish spirit and more 
sociability among the clubs than has been for many years. We are 
anticipating quite a nice time with some of our alumni at Ck)nmience- 
ment, of whom quite a number have written us that they would be 
here on that occasion^ We received letters not long since from Bros. 
Plummer and Ware, welcoming us as Deltas, and also received a letter 
from Bro. Eugene Benton, of Beta Epsilon. We are always glad to 
hear from any Delta, and thank Bros. Plummer and Ware for the nice 
welcome they gave us, and hope that we may always conduct ourselves 
so as not to lessen that welcome or detract from the &ir name of 
Delta Tau Delta. 

Lambda — Vanderbilt. 

Since the initiation of the Rainbow Chapter into the mysteries of 
A T A^ things have been on the qui vive. Our members have gone to 
work with an earnestness never displayed before, and are determined 
to make and keep the "^ " Chapter one of the best in the fraternity 
world. Bro. Finney, of " T" Chapter, was with us on the 15th, and 
the boys vied with each other in showing him courtesies, and succeeded 
so well that he remained a day longer than he expected to. We are 
now trying to hold a Conference of the chapters of the Rainbow Divis- 
ion, in order that the newly made Deltas may be made better ac- 
quainted with the inner workings of the fraternity, and that a more 
healthy spirit of fraternal feeling might be infused into some of them. 
If we succeed in holding a Conference, it will more likely be at Chat- 
tanooga, May 21 and 22, and all Deltas are cordially invited to attend 


and lend a helping hand. Bro. J. M. Kile Law, '86, has been honored 
by being appointed as one of the Moot Court speakers for Commence- 
ment The ATA Chapter has, as confreres in the mystic world, the 
B & n,K2,0A Q,X 0, K A, 2 A E, with all of whom it is on 
the most friendly terms. The B Q 11, X ^ and ATA are especially 
on friendly terms, and never fail to come to the assistance of one 
another when necessity demands it. Our fraternities generally average 
about fifteen members. We have initiated about twenty of the old 
Bainbow alumni into the fraternity. On May 8 there will be a sort of 
reunion of the alumni, pursuant to a request fix>m our chapter, on 
which day we expect about twenty more to " ride the goat" 

I would so much like to be able to write at length the praises of 
the University in which " ^ " Chapter is located, for it is undoubtedly 
the best equipped University in the South. Therefore, for want of 
space, I will only speak of a new enterprise that has been inaugurated 
at Yanderbilt, namely, an Athletic and a Base Ball Association, which 
promises to bring great pleasure to the boys and profit to our Univer- 
sity. At present there are about one hundred members in each 
association. Our object is to get our Southern Colleges interested in 
this move in order that we might meet once a year in the Caledonian 
games, as they do in the Eastern Colleges. Our " field " day will be 
on the 7th of May, and I may safel}'^ predict, from what the boys are 
doing in practice, that several records will be equalled, if not beaten. 
Bro. J. B. Fogg (B. A., Harvard), Law, '86, is the captain of the athletic 
games. Bro. J. A. Clinton, Law, '86, is manager of the Varsity B. B. 
C. Our colors are white, black and yellow. 

Omicron — University of Iowa. 

The State University has been severely handled this year by the 
legislature and friends (?) Everyone having some little grievance has 
taken this opportunity to ventilate it before the legislature. Notwith- 
standing this combined opposition, the appropriation bill passed, and 
the University is better known and better appreciated for having 
undergone the test This has been a prosperous year for the S. U. I. 
Fraternities. Omicron introduces to you three initiates since our last 
letter— James H. Lloyd, '89, Charles City; Valmah T. Price, '89, 
Elkader, and Henry C. Williams, '87, Charles City. The number of 
initiates into the different fraternities this year are as follows \ A T Ay 



ten ; B G IT, eight ; K W, four ; 4^ ^ 0, four ; 2 X, three. R. R 
Clark, '88, is with us again this term. 

The Iowa City Videtu Reporter of March 6 contained the foUow- 
ing item : 

" Last Saturday eveniDg the members of the Delta Tau Delta Fraternity 
met in their large and elegant halls for the purpose of entertaining their 
friends. The evening was spent in social intercourse, cards and dancing. 
AmoDg the visitors present were Miss Lulu Clarke, Cedar Rapids ; Misses 
Lamsons, Fairfield ; also, Messrs. Chas. E. Thayer, Minneapolis ; J. W. 
Witmer, Grant Marquardt, DesMoines ; H. M. Hedrick, Ottumwa ; E. L. 
Hughes, Ohio Wesley an University." 

Mu — Ohio Wesleyan. 

There is a marked falling off in the usual attendance of students 
at the 0. W. U. this term, probably due to exagerated reports about 
the " measles epidemic '' we had last term. A little over four hundred 
students have thus far enrolled. There seem to be but few men avail- 
able for fraternities among the new students. This is the term when 
the fhiternities try their strength with each other in games of ball and 
other out-door sports. Already the '^ nines " are being formed, and at 
no distant date ATA will doubtless " cross bats " with some worthy 
opponent. What we lose for want of a g3rmnasium we can regain by 
field sports. A gymnasium and drill room has recently been fitted up 
in one of the college buildings, but members of the battalion only are 
allowed to enter. At the close of last term we were oflftcially notified 
by the Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity that H. J. Clark, '88, and C. E. 
Dreese, '89, had, hy request, resigned from that fraternity. Mr. Clark 
was formerly a member ot ^ K W at Meadville, Pa., while Mr. Dreese 
recently entered as a new student from Xenia. It seemed to be the 
old story of "fish in the wrong pool.'* 

Rro. H. B. Swartz, '84, who has been attending the Boston School 
of Theology, will take a post graduate course of study here this term 
for the degree of A. B., in order that he may be able to receive the 
degree of Ph. D. when he returns to Boston. Bro. A. L. Banker, '86^ 
has been called away for a month to fill a vacancy in the public schools 
at Cardington, 0., but will return in time to graduate with his class. 
Not long since Bro. E. E. Ewing, B, '64, made our chapter a pleasant 
call. The reports of our delegates to the Second Division Conference 
were very entertaining, and we are sorry that more of us could not 
attend. The Junior Class of this college expect to publish a Bijcuy 


which will probably be out in about a month. We would be glad to 
exchange with other chapters for like publications. The Pan Hel- 
lenic Glee Club, which furnished music for the last Pan Hellenic 
Banquet, took a trip, during the spring vacation, through Southern 
Ohio, giving, in all, four concerta Various reports fi*om the differ- 
ent places and from the boys themselves have been received, and 
we are led to believe that while they did not get "rich," they had 
more " fun " than is derived from most vocations. Since this term 
began they have oi^anized themselves into a Pan Hellenic Fraternity 
called the A K 0, They have thirteen members — nine singers and 
four musicians. They recently gave a very entertaining concert before 
the people of Delaware, which consisted of college songs and other 
ditties which made the programme spicy throughout Our latest 
initiate to the fraternity is George H. Geyer, '89. 

Beta — Ohio University. 

Since our last letter the attendance at the Ohio University has 
been considerably increased, and the new buildings and additional 
apparatus promises to greatly increase the prosperity of the University. 
A few days ago the Legislature appropriated several thousand dollars 
for our use in employing new professors for next year, and the outlook 
for our time-honored institution is better than ever before. Arbor Day ' 
in Ohio we celebrated in fine style. Some new trees were planted in 
the Delta row, and it still remains the finest row of fraternity trees in 
the campus. 

Beta now ha« eight members, all of whom are up to the standard 
of Deltaism in intellect and character. The B ITb and A @'» 
have some very good men here, but we are proud that the Deltas still 
take the lead in scholarship. We are sorry to announce, however, that 
one of our brightest men, Bro. F. E. Strickland, a member of the 
Senior Class, died at his home in Adams County some weeks ago. 
Bro. Strickland was, without question, the best student in the Univer- 
sity, and we expected great pleasure and profit from our association 
with him for another term, but he passed away in that unwavering 
faith which we believe Deltaism fosters, and has gone to his reward 
above. Our chapter was highly entertained at the home of Pro! 
Evans a few evenings ago. Prof. Evans is the only member of the 
Faculty who is an enthusiastic frat man, and he wants us to know that 


he belongs to us, and he helps us in many ways. Two of our boys 
out of the six selected are on the programme for literary contest at 
the coming Commencement, and for the fourth time in succession ome 
of our Alumni will deliver the Master's Oration in June. Only two 
of our boys — ^T. B. White and J. A. Kirkendall — graduate this year. 
We are all in good spirits and expect to make the remainder of this 
term the most pleasant for Beta that she has seen for years. 

Omega — Iowa Sate College. 

With May 1st comes a change in the presidency of the I. S. C, 
President Leigh Hunt having handed in his resignation on account of 
ill health. The name of his successor is as yet unknown, though 
vaiious indications point to Hon. J. W. Akers, present State Superin- 
tendent of Public Instruction, as the coming man. As may be readily 
imagined, students, being specially interested, are looking forward to 
the meeting of the Trustees and the announcement of the new execu- 
tive with no small degree of interest The Legislature only appre- 
ciated our institution this year to the extent of an appropriation of 
$7,500, a matter much regretted by all, as there was ample room for a 
judicious expenditure of many times that amount 

Omega has not been idle this term. The opening found us with 
eleven active members on hand, and a general disposition prevailing 
to push society work. This has been carried out, and our regular 
literary sessions thus far have been marked for their success and inter- 
est manifested. On the evening of May 6 we hold our first joint ses- 
sion of the term with the ** sisterhood " of L C's. Temporal, as weU 
as spiritual things will no doubt be very ably discussed, and an enjoy- 
able occasion is anticipated. 

Epsilon — Albion. 

Since our last letter we have entered upon the last term of our year. 
Our outlook is particularly pleasant to us, since, for the first time in 
our history, we are living together in a chapter house. This is the 
accomplishment of a long series of persistent efforts upon the part of 
Epsilon to possess a chapter house, and it is with great pride and satis- 
faction that we are able to extend an invitation to our alumni and any 
and all Deltas, while in the city, to call upon us and make us a visit 
Our doors are always open, — come. We will assure you that you are 


heartily welcome. The prospects within our chapter are equally as 
promising as those without Since the beginning of the year, by close 
-economy and constant effort, we have been able to decrease our chapter 
debt to the extent of seventy dollars, while at the same time paying 
our local running expenses and keeping a clean balance sheet with 
our general fraternity. To us this is greatly encouraging. We feel 
that our strength in a financial way has been put to a practical test, 
and that we have won, and that indicates to us a bright and happy 
future. Also, it gives to us much pleasure to be able to introduce to 
the fraternity our new fraters, Bro. Luther Lovejoy and Bro. Edmund 
Edmunds, who have united their interests with ours in Delta Tau 

Eta— Buchtel. 

TnuRSDAT evening, April 15, our active members and several 
of our alumni of Akron, with three Delts from Cleveland, assembled 
with their ladies at Hotel Buchtel to see ^ T A and KK F united in 
A. E. Hyre and 8. Emma Cadwallader. The party was composed 
almost entirely of Delts and Kappas. Rev. C. E. Nash,*of the Univer- 
salist Church, rendered a very impressive ceremony. EverjiMng 
passed off in perfect order. No more enjoyable time could have been 
wished by the most critical, as everybody was happily entertained 
liiroughout the entire evening of ceremony, music and banquet, and 
all felt that they must long remember the marriage of Lon. and Cad. 
Delta Tau Delta ftimished ushers. Bro. Oarber and Miss Krenzke, 
K K Fy were attendants at the ceremony. Among the presents were 
ran elegant clock (K K F), a fine decorated tea-set (J T J), many silver 
pieces (Akron alumni), and a fine lamp (Zeta and Cleveland alumni). 

The Record, given birth to by Bro. Hyre, and by him sold to Bro. 
Felt, has slumbered for more than a year, it having been purchased by 
the Faculty. This last-named body offered it to the students to edit 
and manage, but the students could not agree with the faculty. A few 
•days since, those to whom TJie Record was indebted received notices 
that were they to bestow the same upon the college, the gift would be 
•duly appreciated. Bro. Felt can now walk out without fear of his 
creditors, as many looked to him as responsible for the completion of 
their ads. and subscriptions. In the death of The Record is another 
oase of a deluded fieu^ulty. There is not much communion of good 
feeling in the Senior Class, — about half of the members pulling one 


way and the remainder another. Some are dissatisfied with the man- 
ner of electing representatives on oommencement day. This is the 
cause of the split, but there is a mixture of obstinacy. 

Iota — Michigan State. 

Efforts for the organization of a third fraternity in the college 
are at present being exerted, with favorable chances for success. The 
institution, with a constantly growing attendance of over three hun- 
dred, can well support an additional society. Iota, on the night of 
April 3, was happy to add to her circle of actives Bro. J. B. Wheeler. 
Bro. C. B. Collingwood, '85, graced the ceremony with his presence. 
The occasional visits ©f Bro. Thomas, '85, are heartily appreciated by 
the chapter, always happy in extending her courtesies to her alumni 
We have lately placed in our hall a new Knabe piano, an addition long 
contemplated, and our final success gives us a great deal of pleasure. 
Our hall presents an exceedingly fine appearance, since it was com- 
pletely refurnished only two years ago at an expense of several hun- 
dred dollars. The expense of the piano was largely met by our 
alumni, to whom the thanks of the actives are cordially extended. 

Beta Zeta— Butler. 

There has been a most gratifying change here in the feeling of 
fraternities for each other. So far, this term has been accompanied 
by the usual prosperity in college circles. Everything has been gliding^ 
smoothly along, with the exception of the double delegation frx)m here 
to the State Oratorical Association, and even this disturbance did not 
manifest itself in any rancorous feelings among the students. Our 
chapter has always discouraged combinations and the wire pulling, — 
if not the hair pulling, — to which they necessarily lead. In this respect 
we have a clear record, and we hope that a higher standard of peace 
and harmony is awaiting our college. There is the best of feeling 
existing among the sister frtiternitles, as well as between the fraterni- 
ties and " barbs." There is not so much anti-fratism shown as a year 
ago, and, indeed, there has been no cause for such feeling. It has been 
about as quiet in fraternity circles. No initiations have taken place,, 
except that of a prep, taken by the Phi Delts. 

Every one was much surprised, at the beginning of the tenny 
by the news that the KA @'s had lost their charter, it having beea 


taken awaj at their last convention, at Wooster, Ohio. Several 
reasons have been given, but none seem to have sufficient evidence of 
being the right one. Much sympathy has been expressed, and we 
nnderstand there was talk of trying to have the charter renewed. We 
as well as other fraternities, have been tolerably quiet this term, but 
we hope by our next letter to announce another loyal Delt Bro. 
Wise will be in our midst next year. He has hitherto been preaching 
in the city, but has resigned his position there, and intends moving 
to Irvington. He will be a powerful instrument for our good, as no 
one comes in contact with him without feeling his genial influence. We 
also hope to have Bro. Higbee with us next year. He has been teach- 
ing this year, and he has been so much in love with it that he hardly 
knows whether to return or not Brother Davison is clerking in 
a coal and coke company's office in Minonk, 111. We were much 
rejoiced the first of the term by a visit from Bro. Van Cleave, who has 
been in Kansas for a couple of years. He is ver}' enthusiastic ; says 
he met several Delts, all of whom treated him as if he were a long- 
lost brother. Bro. Armstrong cannot be with us this term, much to 
our sorrow, on account of his eyes. Bro. Durler is, we understand, 
though not to a certainty, clerking in a bank in Chicago. Our alumni 
seem to forget us. It may be that they start to come to see us, but 
that the city stops them. We would like to see an alumnus once in a 
while, and take this method of letting them know it. 

Chi — Kenyon. 

Old Kenyon is in as prosperous condition now as she has been for 
years. Our very able faculty, combined with the untiring zeal of 
President Bodine, leave nothing undone to keep the standard up to 
what it always has been. Hubbard Hall, a very fine stone structure 
whose use is to be devoted to a library, is now completed. Quite a 
number of students fh>m the Grammar School will enter college next 
fall. This preparatory school has never been in a better condition than 
now; the students are subjected to strict military discipline, the 
attendance is large, and the teachers employed are competent. Kenyon 
Day occurs this year during Commencement week. Everything is 
quiet in the fraternity circles. We have not, however, been altogether 
inactive. We are happy to introduce to the fraternity Bro. Henry J. 
Eberth, fh>m Toledo, Ohio. He was initiated just at the close of last 
term ; is a member of the Class of '89, which, by the way, he leads. 


An honor he is to Delta Tan. Bro. Harris, '85, is practicing law at 
Sullivan, Ind., and is meeting with success. Bro. Reid, '87, is Renyoa 
Day orator, also base-ball captain. Bro. Eberth is a member of the 
nine ; he is also a member of the choir and glee club. Our CoUe^ 
Reveille will be out about the middle of June. We would be glad to 
exchange witn our sister chapters. 

Zeta — Adelbert. 

Thi conference business has all been finished up, and 2teta takefr 
pride in the result. It is rumored that another fhitemity among us is 
a possibility of the near future. Let them bring their men with them, 
at least let them bring the seed for a chapter, and it must be of good 
quality. Our president, Dr. Carrol Cutler, has resigned the presidency, 
the resignation to take effect at Commencement. He will continue to 
fill the chair of philosophy. We had a pleasant call from Bro. D^an, 
of Delta, last week. Adelbert will have a field day this year under 
the management of the Sophomore Class. An excellent programme 
has been made out, and some good records are looked for. Our annual^ 
The Reserve, will be out this month, without doubt, and it is the wish 
of the chapter to exchange with all chapters issuing annuala We 
make this statement, knowing that several of the chapters have already 
issued their annual. Upon receiving the news of The Rainbow con- 
solidation we held a jollification and ratification appropriate to such an 
important event A party composed of resident alumni and actives 
went to Akron the 15th instant to attend Bro. A. K Hyre's wedding, 
which was a royal Delta affair. 

Gamma — Washington and Jefierson. 

We open the present term two short Bro. C. O. Whistler left for 
good last term to go into business. He was a genial, good fellow, a 
royal Delta, and will be missed by all the boys. We wish him success. 
^Bro. McAdams is threatened with typhoid fever, and will not be ba^ 
for some time yet Bro. H. O. Alexander assumes the office of editor- 
in-chief of Jeffersonian, and promises to give us a good paper. Bro. 
Greo. S. McElroy, our only Senior, will go to Virginia at the dose of 
the term instead of Apollo, Pa. His father recently purchased a large 
plantation in Orange County, Ya. Gkorge is one of the '^old timers '' 
in the frat, and we hate to see him go. May the shadow of his moos- 


tache never grow less. Bro. Robert K Reed dined the Frat Whist 
Club recently. The boys were impolite enough to beat him in his own 
house. We all enjoyed it very much. The college annual will be out 
next month. We would like to exchange with some of the other 
chapters. Bro. Ross spent the spring vacation with his brother at 
Annapolis, Md. Charles Newlon is back again looking after the oil 
wells. We were very much pleased to be again represented so ably at 
the First Grand Division Conference by Bro. C. B. Reid. The chapter 
will go out soon, and select some good shady hillside and be 
photographed by Bro. Sherrard Elliott Cannot promise to pay for 
camera. Gamma is very much pleased with the consolidation with 
Rainbow, and extend the hand of greeting with best wishes to all our 
new brothers. 

Xi — Simpson. 

OxTR regular corps is augmented this term by the return of Bro. C. 
B. Kern, '89, who has remained out for a year, and the initiation of 
Robert C. Harbison, '88, of Indianola, la., the evening of the 10th 
instant This gives us an active force of ten. In the case of Bro. 
Harbison a new regulation takes its first effect ; before initiates are 
admitted to the fhU rights of membership, it requires a thorough 
knowledge of the laws and workings of the fraternity, which we have 
always insisted upon, and (thanks to the Rho for formulating) have 
incorporated in our new code of chapter laws. Since the opening of 
the term we have treated the walls of our hall to a new dress of paper, 
which makes its Appearance so rich and pleasant it is with justice 
acknowledged the finest suite of rooms in the city. XI has labored 
hard to revive The Tangent this year, but as the hearty co-operation 
of all parties could not be secured it was deemed best to drop the 
enterprise till another year. We have constantly favored its publica- 
tion, and its death last year was due to the disinterested spirit of our 
rivals. Bro. T. D. Murphy, '87, was the winner of the Miller Poetical 
Prize Medal the evening of March 18, and now bears the title. Poet 
Laureate of Simpson. The subject of his poem was " The Way of 
Life." Bro. T. N. Franklin, '89, presides over the Philomathian 
Society this term. Bro. N. B. Ashby, '85, favored us with a pleasant 
visit the close of last term. By reason of poor health he has been 
compelled to resign his position as teacher of the Latin High School 
at Winterset, la. Maurice Bradford, ex-'87, has gone west in search 


of better health. Bro. W. B. Whitney, ex-*80, made a recent visit to 
Indianola. Xi rejoices over the recent addition to our ranks. To the 
members of the Rainbow, one and all, she extends a cordial greeting, 
and hopes that the union may be one of mutual profit and good wiU. 

Beta Thcta — University of the South. 

Let me introduce our new brothers, — A. H. Noll, from Western 
Texas ; F. M. Garland, of Boston, Mass. ; and Charley S. Heard, of 
Augusta, Ga. We are quite proud of our choice, and toe think we 
have the pick of the flock. We started in this term with an active 
list of sixteen men, the three new brothers making nineteen. We are 
in better condition than we have ever been, and are enthusiastic for 
the cause. 

The foundations are just being laid for a new gymnasium, which 
when completed will be one of the handsomest structures we have. 
The number of students in attendance is larger than it has ever been 
at this season, and the indications are that the University has entered 
upon a " boom " of prosperity. The Inter-Collegiate Oratorical Contest 
will be held on the 6th of May. Our orators are Mr. Guerrey, 2AE, 
and Mr. Thompson, KE, We also think of contesting with Yander- 
bilt in athletic sports. Fraternity circles here are very peaceable and 
quiet at present. An annual is being agitated, but nothing else of 
importance is talked about. 

Bro. G. G. Smith, who initiated our chapter at Yanderbilt, is 
charmed with the men there, and is very proud of having been the 
first man to initiate a Grand Chapter. Bro. Weiss, who initiated the 
Oxford Chapter, reports an excellent body of men. Delta Tau Delta 
has every reason to be proud of having two such chapters as these 

Delta — University of Michigan. 

The most notable stir about the University this spring seems to be 
the great impetus that has been given athletics by the opening of the 
gymnasium. Every afternoon now finds a crowd on the campus prac- 
ticing running, jumping and walking. The base-ball and Rugby teams 
are also in daily practice, and much is expected of them. Bro. F. A. 
jRasch will manage the nine this year, and Bro. Sanders is secretary 
and treasurer. Bro. McDonald will play first base and catcher. Lawn 
tennis is also very popular, and not less so with the ladies than with the 


gentlemen. There promises to be a most lively Commencement this 
spring, and socially, at least, it will probably surpass any previous one. 
Bro. McAndrews, who is president of the Senior Class, is doing all in 
his power to make it a great success. The Palladium is now out, and 
is one of the best ever issued here, from a literary view, and far sur- 
passes any previous editions in appearance and material. 

Affairs are moving along harmoniously in the chapter, and while 
we shall lose six men this year, we will start next fall with a fair num- 
ber, and our outlook is very promising for a speedy increase. Bro. 
Callard, '84, spent the latter part of April with us, and Bros. Scranton 
and Bennett, of Epsilon, paid us a visit recently. Bro. Reed, 76, was 
here for a few days lately. He is about to start for England. We 
are always glad to have a visit from any members of the fraternity. 

Psi — Woostcr. 

We are glad to introduce to the fraternity our last initiate, Bro. 
Thos. P. McKee, '89. He is of such stuff as Deltas are made, and 
wears his badge with the grace of an old timer. Bro. T. A. Wise is 
back this term, and will enter '89. Bro. J. C. Sharpe, '83, who is 
Professor in an academy at East Pittsburgh, Pa., spent part of the last 
vacation at Princeton, N. J. There are three Deltas in the college 
and two in the seminary. He gathered them together and had an old 
fashioned reunion. The boys all have the true spirit, and we are proud 
of them. We extend to our Rainbow Chapters a most hearty welcome. 
For they are wel-come. There is no other fraternity which, at the age 
of ours, had ever accomplished so much, or had before it so bright a 
ftiture. And with the power that W. W. W. brings us, we will be 
enabled to push our policy more vigorously, and to gain larger ends. 
" Long live our fraternity." The University has of late received ten 
thousand dollars, and a microscope valued at one thousand. A change 
has also been made in the curriculum, which necessitates a high stand- 
ard for admittance. The attendance has been about five hundred this 
year, and promises to be much larger the next. 

Nu — Lafayette. 

Since the beginning of this scholastic year Nu has had her hands 
full. Starting with but three members, we have steadily gained ground 
until now we number nine, all of whom will return next year, except 


Bro. Stenger, who will graduate. Lately we have been renovating our 
rooms. The improved appearance well rewards us for our trouble. 
It is fitted up with a billiard table and neat furniture. We receive the 
benefit of the experience of our alumni of town who move in perfect 
harmony with the active members. Every Saturday evening we con- 
vene to transact business, and are sincerely glad to see the activity in 
the fraternity in general, and in our new acquaintance particularly. 
The Melange has just been issued, containing a full account of J T jd 
Chapters, and showing its creditable standing as compared with other 
fraternal orders. Spring has bedecked again the grounds of Lafayette, 
bringing forth all its beauties. We have a campus that, for beauty, 
practical use and convenience, has few equals. The college is situated 
on a hill raising abruptly from the town, commanding excellent views 
of the surrounding country. The buildings, too, are well worthy of 
notice, and are objects of interest to visitors. The students enter with 
vigor into athletic sports, and not without good showing. Activity in 
the fraternities is at present rather low. In closing we extend the 
hand of good fellowship to our new fraters of the Rainbow. 

Alpha — Allegheny. 

The Annual Pow-wow, celebrated last term, was very successful , 
many of our alumni being present at the peculiar and fantastic cere- 
mony. After smoking the calumet, the warriors in solemn and stately 
dignity marched to the banquet hall and fell upon the "jerked meats '" 
in a very enthusiastic and unanimous way. As usual the traditional 
howls and the inevitable " walk-around " completed the yearly palaver. 
James A. Wakefield is our latest pappoose, and is rapidly assuming 
the visage of a full fledged warrior. Bros. Warren and Bumgartner do 
not meet with us this term, but will return in the fall. We are pre- 
paring for a grand reunion of our alumni at the coming Commence- 
ment. A large number have already signifled their intention of being 
present, and everything indicates a glorious success. Our local alumni 
have been strengthenwi by the addition of Dr. W. D. Hamaker (F, *80), 
who has settled in the city. In the Young Men's Republican Club of 
Crawford County, the Alpha is represented by the President, Maj. 
Chip. Richmond, '82 ; Vice-President, W. B. Best, '83 ; and Treasurer, 
Harry Flood, '85. Fraternity matters are quiet, but few initiations 
being reported. $ J @ has secured a suit of rooms in the Phoenix 


Block, which they have finely furnished.. K A Q recently gave a 
reception to the fraternities, which was largely attended and very suc- 
cessful. The graduating class this year numbers thirty-two, and its 
loss will seriously effect several of our rivals, whose best men graduate 
with '86. We received a pleasant call lately from Bro. Nat Degan, 
of Delta. 


James Albert Porter, Iota, '77, 

Was born in Preston county, W. Va., February 5, 1854. He came with his 
parents to Blissfleld, Mich., in 1864, and entered the State Agricultnral Col- 
lege in the fall of 78, being initiated at the Iota the same term. After 
graduation, in 1877, he engaged in teaching, at which work he was eminently 
successful. He was married in the fall of 1884 to Miss Alice Hodges, of 
Ogden, near his old home in Blissfield, where he died December 25, 1885. 
For fifteen years he had been a member of the United Brethren of the Zion 
Church, Ogden. He was always ready to identify himself with every 
Christian work, and was particularly efilcient and enthusiastic in performing 
the duties of the Superintendent of Sabbath School, which position he had 
long held. 


Whbbsas, The Omnipotent hand has afirain brought sorrow to our fra- 
ternity in the death of a loyal son, James Albert Porter ; and, 

Whbrbas, We realize that in him the fraternity loses a zealous worker 
and faithful brother, and his family a kind father and devoted husband. 
Therefore, be it 

Resolved, That we hereby express the high esteem and reverence we 
ever entertained toward the deceased, and point with pride to his pure and 
Christian life. 

Resolved, That we extend the sorrowing family our sincere sympathy in 
their irreparable loss. 

Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be presented to his family, 
printed in The Crescent, and entered on the minutes of the Chapter. 

Stewart McKee, Beta Eta Prime, (U. of W. Pa.) '65. 

Stewart McEee, of the firm of McEee Brothers, glass manufacturers, 
died at his residence. 111 Shefileld street, Allegheny. Pa., on the morning of 
Nov. 18, 1885, from rheumatism of the stomach. Bro. McEee was 40 years 
of age, having been born on Bingham street, South Side, Pittsburg. He 


was a son of the late Thomas McEee, junior partner of the firm of McEee 
& Co., glass manufacturers. He was an alumnus of the old Western Uni- 
versity and afterwards went into business with his brother, H. Sellers Mc- 
Eee. He was a vigorous, intelligent business man and a prominent citizen. 
He was married in 1888 to a daughter of James Dalzell, who, with an infant 
son, survive him. The deceased was also Vice President of the M. & M. 
Bank, a director of the South Side Gas Company, the Birmingham Bridge 
Company, and was one of the originators of the Fuel Gas Company, as well 
as identified with several other business enterprises. 

William Johnstone Davidson, Theta, *74i 

Was bom September 2, 1852, at Cornellsville, Pa., and moved to Beaver, Pa., 
with his father's family in the spring of 1868. In 1869 and 70 he was a 
student at the Beaver College, and in 71. 72 and '78 attended Bethany Col- 
lege, West Virginia, where he was a great favorite. After he left college he 
was appointed Deputy Prothonotary under O. A. Small, Esq., which place 
he filled for five years. In 77 he received the appointment of Assistant 
Postmaster in the Pittsburgh postoflSce, where he remained untilJuly 15, 1883. 
In 1882 he was a candidate for the Republican nomination in the Beaver dis- 
trict for State Senator, but was defeated in a close contest by Senator 
Agnew. When the Love Sewing Machine Works of Rochester was organ- 
ized he became the General Superintendent, but after two years resigned on 
account of his failing health. He died at Beaver Falls, Sunday, December 
11, 1884, after a lingering illness of more than two years. The deceased was 
a man of great promise, universally loved and respected, and had he lived, 
would have won his way to distinction and eminence. 

'■ ' . . -\ -~) t; I 

^ : • -; Tf « 



Th e R ai n bow 


JUNE, 1886. 

NO. IX. 


Address to the Late Annual Conference of the First Grand Division D, T, /?., 

by the President^ WiLL Carlbton. 

Wb are to-day all gaests ; we are to-day all hosts ; enter- 
taiiiing and entertained, as is the custom and object of fraternal 

We meet, as ever, in defiance of many reasons why we 
shonld not ; reasons that have mnch weight within them, and, 
if not counterbalanced by heavier ones, they would sink our 
fraternity into the depths of destruction. 

In that series of college rcfvelations called Logic, we learned, 
among other things, that unanswerable arguments might exist 
upon both sides of every question. 

They obtain, no doubt, against all college fraternities. They 
have been brought to the fore with considerable music of trumpets 
and gleaming of banners ; and sometimes college faculties have 
substituted for the banners a goodly supply of wet blankets. 

Among the unanswerable arguments against societies of this 
sort is, that they take time. We look at the thousands of years 
that have been and will be hung up like glittering canvas in the 
memory of mankind. Upon this canvas we see painted indeli- 
bly, grand results of the energy and intellect of other men. 
With aU this we must compete, if we would leave anything to 
show the world that we answered to its roll-call. The time given 
us to do this is only from one to five decades — a fraction of a 
century in which to compete with ten thousand years I 

When we reflect that we have offered us upon which to 
hang our trophies, one almost invisible link of the great chain 


that stretches out of eternity into eternity, what wonder that we 
feel that the pendulum which checks off the student's days is 
formed of solid gold ! that the chimes of each hour constitute a 
costly strain of music ! that the clamor of every New Year morn- 
ing is a salvo of artillery above the corpses of opportunities ! 

We must remember, too, that upon such time as is given 
us. Death has a mortgage. His rates of interest are thirty-three 
and a third per cent., and he sends his smooth-browed relative. 
Sleep, each day to collect it. Sleep takes eight hours from our 
twenty-four, and carries away cheerfully as much in addition as 
we will give him. Meanwhile, he will not tell us when that 
hard creditor with the black crape on his arm means to foreclose 
and take away our whole chronological estate. 

But not only Time. Another argument against college frater- 
nities is, that they have a tendency to take one's mind off his 
studies. Few men ever left college without feeling that their 
whole path had been thronged with highwaymen ready to rob 
them of their instruction and discipline. 

The memory of a college course has woven within it some 
of the brightest and sweetest colors to be found on the earth ; 
but there is always running through it a thread of black, called 

When a man steps out into the cold, and finds that Life is 
not a tournament with school-mates, but a thirty-years war with 
the world at lai^e ; when he sees almost every day shine or 
gloom upon a field of battle ; when he draws upon the military 
stores laid by during his college training, and ascertains that 
here is a sword left dull, and there is an intellectual revolver with 
one or two chambers unloaded, and these mental cartridges will 
not do good execution because they were never properly charged, 
how he wishes he had ^'scorned delights, and lived laborious 
days I " How he regrets every throb of energy that was spared 
from his work ! 

I might bring here several other arguments against college 
fraternities ; there are plenty still waiting. Among them is the 
financial cost of chapters and conclaves ; the disapproval of out- 
side friends, who hold that nothing can be right and pure into 


which the whole world, imparity and all, is not admitted ; the 
risk of encountering an occasional black sheep in the paddock, 
who bntts his way resolutely in, and objects to being scared, 
frozen, or pushed out ; the danger of our becoming blind to any 
good outside of our own firatemity ; — all these and many others 
have been put into one pan of the scale, and, if we may not 
counterpoise them with as heavy or heavier ones, that end of the 
beam will fall upon and crush us. Let us see if we can find any 
arguments that will justify our being here to-day, and our having 
been together in a similar capacity many times before. 

One important fact in our favor is the natural tendency of 
men to go, and to grow, in different directions one from another. 
Never do two minds climb exactly toward the same point. All 
intellects that an*e intellects, and not mere exaltations of the 
senses, have in them more or less originality, and they move in 
different directions, and show a tendency to carry the heart with 
them. This would soon produce anarchy, if there were no cords 
of congeniality and affection to tie men together. 

A field of ripening grain looks very beautiful and opulent in 
the pageantry of a summer sun ; but these nutritious wheat-heads 
would be of no use if left waving separately each for itself. 
Only when the hearts of those slender stalks are tied together 
with golden bands do they give promise of a purpose, and the 
fulfillment of a mission. 

So, congenial men must be joined in heart before they can 
accomplish much with the intellect. The fraternity system is 
only a seconding of the motion which Nature made at the start ; 
only submission to the great law of which the closely-bound 
sheaf, with its diverging heads, is a symbol. 

Another argument in our favor is the secret character of 
college fraternities. This is often used against us ; but it seems 
to me one of our strongest recommendations. The safe and 
intelligent keeping of secrets is a very useful accompUshment. 
In every department of life it is of great value to know how to 
keep one's own counsel. Commercial men have been ruined, 
statesmen have been thwarted, clergymen abused, physicians 
mistrusted, — ^people of all classes circumvented and conquered, 


because they did not know how to keep a secret. Frankness 
and openness of character are greatly to be commended, and 
very noble and grand — in their place ; but there are times when 
good, discreet silence constitutes a whole gold-mine. A frater- 
nity which trains its members to keep their own counsel concern- 
ing matters which are strictly their own business, must surely 
stand godfather to many future life-successes. 

Another argument in favor of fraternities is our carefulness 
in admitting new members. Every candidate's record is searched, 
his characteristics studied, his actions analyzed, before he is 
requested to join us. If he does not show any signal to which 
our minds and hearts can respond, we have no use for him, or he 
for us. A good college fraternity does much to enable young 
men to form the right sort of acquaintanceship at the very be- 
ginning of life. These pleasant and profitable associations do 
not cease with the college course, but often continue through 
manhood and into old age. 

But the greatest of all the arguments in favor of fraternities 
is, that man is made for brotherhood, for affection, for love ; and 
that life i8 barren and fruitless in their absence. They furnish 
that without which no life is a success, or even an endurable 
existence. To be wealthy without loved ones whom you can 
comfort and aid, is simply to be a miser. To be powerful with- 
out the affection of those around you, is simply to become a 
'desolate tyrant. To be famous, is only to be a target and a 
menagerie, unless you have friends to go with you upon the 
heights, and rejoice in your successes, and shield you from 
harm. To be scholarly without the disposition to teach and 
help others with what you have learned, is simply to be a cold, 
dry, stupid pedant, of whom the very books that you read seem 

Fraternities, if rightly conducted, draw a man from self, and 
teach him to live and to toil for his fellow beings, and that, 
alone, is an argument which will outweigh all opposition in the 
scales of any well-balanced mind. 

Concerning the choice of fraternity, that is a matter for 
every student's head and heart to make up between them. Of 


course we think ours is the right one, or we should not be here 
to-day. We feel that the banner which was flung to the breeze 
a quarter of a century ago from the mountains of Virginia had 
upon it the symbols and beneath it the spirit which most surely 
met our needs. That while, amid the smoke and carnage of civil 
war, it drooped and was for a time nearly obscured, it only 
needed fair conditions to give it a sure and permanent existence, 
and a wide and enthusiastic following. 

So let us of the First Grand Division feel that we are justi- 
fied and repaid for any eflbrt we may make in behalf of our 
Fraternity ; and resolve that, joining hands and hearts with our 
many noble brother-chapters all over the land, we will labor to 
give Delta Tau Delta a glorious and commanding future. 


The Constitution* scarcely outlines the duties of the S. A. as, 
according to the growing demands of the fraternity, they have 
evolved. Only by watching the movements of a successfiil 
officer, and by seeking to find in what respects he may be im- 
proved upon are we enabled to form a just estimate of the 
ideal S. A. 

What are some of the qualifications of this ideal officer? 
First and last, he should be a inan^ — never a boy ; a prompt, 
honest, reasonable man. A man with a "long head," who can 
not be duped, nor who will dupe others. A man whom you can 
" hitch to " at all times. He should be brimful of fraternity life 
and spirit, and not elected to this office that he may acquire these 
virtues. If possible he should be acquainted, by personal knowl- 
edge, with other chapters of the fraternity. He should be able 
to talk intelligently about all the colleges in which we are repre- 
sented, their number of students, and relative influence in the 
educational world. He should have a tolerably accurate knowl- 
edge of the different fraternities of the Greek World — not simply 
of those represented in his own college. He should know their 


relative standing and influence. To this end he should be a 
student of ''Baird," until a more just and accurate work on 
College Fraternities is written. 

It is our opinion that the S. A. should be elected at the end 
of the year previous to his term of oflice : (1) That he may have 
time to prepare himself before the duties of his office are cast 
upon him. (2) That he may be selected, with the retiring incum- 
bent, a delegate to the National Convention. By the way, 
would it be a poor plan to establish a ])recedent in the chapter 
which should always influence to the selection of the new and 
retiring 8. As. for chapter delegates ? Surely no one can better 
represent the chapter than he who has had all the fraternity 
correspondence of the year in his hands ; and he who is to look 
after it the coming year will do well to attend the convention 
and dip his pen in the fountain of fraternity knowledge. But, 
you are saying, such a custom would put the same man in con- 
vention twice, and that would debar other worthy brothers from 
this great privilege. Exactly so. But the delegate does not 
attend convention for his personal benefit, — rather that he may 
represent his chapter well. To do this a man must have attended 
more than one convention. Only those delegates who have been 
present at previous conventions are influential. 

The 8. A.'s duties are three-fold, — to the chapter, to the fra- 
ternity, and to The Rainbow. He is the chapter's Secretary of 
State. His is the most important undergraduate office, — the 
Division Secretaryship excepted. He should be ready with his 
weekly report at each meeting, and give it when the proper time 
comes without being called on expressly. He should bring with 
him all of his official correspondence, and have it open to the 
inspection of any interested brother. Let him always bear in 
mind that his letters are his only as he is the chapter's officer. 
His plans should be spread before the chapter, and as far as pos- 
sible debated and determined thereby. He should be an 
encyclopaedia of fraternity knowledge, and hold himself ready to 
dispense it courteously to an enquiring brother. His duty it is 
to do all in his power to inspire others to become proficient in 
fraternity study. He is bound to make his chapter stand aa 


liigh in the fraternity as he can truthfiilly. Only most prompt 
and painstaking action in all matters wherever he represents the 
chapter will accomplish this end. 

Nothing can be more provoking to the general fraternity 
officers than to be obliged to wait on the chapter secretaries for 
term reports, for remittances, for answers to communications, 
etc. It is the S. A.'s duty to the fraternity to be prompt, 
Bcmpnlously prompt, in all his correspondence. Let him re- 
member that there are thirty-two chapters to be heard from in 
all matters concerning which he must write, and that a little 
delay from each will cause a great loss of time in the aggregate. 
A man should never be suffered to hold this office unless he i& 
willing to sacrifice other engagements, at times, that he may per- 
form his duty to the fraternity. The 8. A. should truthfully 
represent the condition of his chapter in all reports ; he should 
never be reluctant to tell the whole truth, that the fraternity,, 
through the general officers, may know the exact standing of 
each chapter, and that weak chapters may be helped when 
deserving fraternity aid. The chapter will be judged much from 
the conduct of its S. A. A prompt, earnest, judicious officer 
will reflect a prompt, earnest, judicious chapter. 

The S. A.'s services are appreciated most in his relations to 
The Rainbow. Primarily the circulation of this excellent jour- 
nal rests upon the individual chapter secretaries. The Editor, 
sitting in his office in a distant city, with hands full of business- 
other than that pertaining to Thb Rainbow, can do little towards 
increasing its circulation, except as he improves the tone of the 
paper. Every S. A. should send in, each year, a list of not lesa 
than twenty-five subscribers. Small as this number is, it is a 
lamentable fact that this number is reached in only a fevo 
instances. The circulation that would thus be secured would 
put our Rainbow — where it ought to be — at the head of frater- 
nity publications. 

The majority of 8. As. don't know how to write chapter 
letters. Pray, what do we in Michigan care about some foot- 
ball game, society election, or "some brother's dropping in on 
us " down in Pennsylvania ? If the 8ecretary has nothing better 


to write than this, let him not write at all. Give us more Greek 
Worid news, more knowledge about the exact status of the chap- 
ters, more facts of general interest and importance about the 
college, more good solid sense, — in short, these chapter letters 
and the local columns of The Eainbow will be read with ever 
increasing interest. There is no particular merit in having a 
letter in each issue. Four substantial, thoughtful letters are 
enough for any S. A. to write during his term of oflSce. But 
each chapter should appear by letter at least four times per 
wanv/ra ! This fact should be brought home to many negligent 

It seems that the Editor of The Eainbow should find valu- 
able allies among the chapter correspondents in the important 
matter of procuring literary articles for the magazine. Each 
number ought to be supplied with three literary articles, largely 
pertaining to fraternity life and work. Might it not be a good 
plan to hold each Secretary responsible for an article or two ? 
Elnowing the alumni of his chapter, as the S. A. should, he can 
select members from among them who will write interesting and 
profitable articles on some phase of fraternity work. The jour- 
nal in time past has not infrequently been deficient in its literary 
department. It is possible this plan would have the two-fold 
effect of building up the fraternity literature and keeping the 
alutnni interested in the fraternity and its organ. 



The history of our early conventions would no doubt be 
extremely interesting and instructive, from the fact that, if a 
complete record of their proceedings could be obtained, they 
would throw considerable light upon the fraternity's growth and 
development at the most critical period of its existence, and 
about which so little is known at this time. It is the purpose of 
the present writer to place on record an outline history of that 


which is known concerning these conventions, with a view of 
giving the remaining actors in these early events an opportunity 
of judging in how far pur records are incomplete, and, if pos- 
sible, of enlisting their kind cooperation with a view of supply- 
ing at least some of the information which is still needed to trace 
our early convention development. 

In speaking of the early conventions of the fraternity, refer- 
ence is had especially to those which were held prior to the close 
of the administration of the Alpha Chapter at the Ohio Wesleyan 
University, in 1874, and the transfer of the government of the 
fraternity to the Delta Chapter at Allegheny College. This in- 
fused new life and vigor, and new methods into the fraternity. 
From this time may be dated, — with perhaps more justice than 
from any other, — the wonderfully rapid and yet comparatively 
judicious growth of our fraternity. In no respect does this 
general improvement appear more prominently than in the pro- 
ceedings of the General Conventions from this time forward. 
The minutes of the General Convention of 1875, held at Mead- 
ville. Pa., on May 5, were printed immediately after the adjourn- 
ment of the same, and are the first thus permanently preserved. 
The minutes of the conventions held between 1869 and 1875 had 
been preserved in manuscript only, a brief synopsis being pre- 
pared, for the use of the chapters; the records are brief and 
unsatisfactory, and do not faithfully reflect the true condition of 
the fraternity at that period. These minutes were printed in 
1885 by order of the General Convention of 1884, under the 
direction of the historian of the fraternity. It is with these, and 
the inferences to be drawn from a study of them, that the pres- 
ent paper will deal. 

It is not known when the first General Convention of the 
fraternity was held, — ^probably not for five or six years after the 
founding of the fraternity on January 1, 1860. The death of the 
mother chapter at Bethany, in 1861, transferred the seat of 
authority to the Beta Chapter at Jefferson College, Cannons- 
burgh, Pa., which, upon the death of the Gamma and Delta 
Chapters during 1861,*remained the sole surviving chapter of the 
young fraternity. Soon after its accession to its new position, 


the Jeflferson Chapter placed a Zeta Chapter at Washington Col-^ 
lege, the Zeta at the Ohio University in the following year, and, 
in the early spring, the Theta at Allegheny College. It is more 
than probable, then, that during the first few years of the 
administration of the Jefferson Alpha no General Conventions 
in the accepted sense of the term were held ; with the exception 
of that at the Ohio University, all of the chapters were located 
in close proximity to one another, and intercourse must have 
been frequent ; and all necessary business of so small and young 
a society could readily be accomplished by means of cor- 

As the fraternity extended its territory, however, tlie ques- 
tion of holding conventions was undoubtedly discussed. In 
November, 1864, it had placed its Iota Chapter at the Western 
University of Pennsylvania ; the Kappa was placed at Pough- 
keepsie Institute in December, and the Lambda at Monmouth 
College in November, 1866, while the Mu was established at 
Waynesburgh College in the same year. 

The first General Convention of which we have any knowl- 
edge was held in Pittsburgh, Pa., at the Merchant's Hotel, July 
3, 1866. Five chapters were represented, namely, those at Jef- 
ferson, Allegheny and Monmouth Colleges and at Ohio Univer- 
sity and Western University of Pennsylvania. David Nicoll, of 
Lambda, was President ; Joseph F. Lukens, of Beta, Vice Presi- 
dent ; and William M. Boyle, of Alpha, Secretary. Nothing is 
known concerning the acts of this convention, the above being 
all that is found in the archives of the Ohio University Chapter 
concerning it. 

It is not known that any conventions were held during 1867 
and 1868, though it is quite likely that there were such meetings ; 
it is, therefore, hoped that all members of the fraternity, and 
those especially who participated in them, who have any definite 
information upon the subject, will, in the interests of historic 
truth, place their recollections on record lest they be lost in the 
lapse of time. 

We now come to the first convention, concerning which the 
record is comparatively complete. This was held on April 14^ 


1869, at the McHenry House, Meadville, Pa., under the auspices 
-of the resident chapter. Delegates were present from Alpha, 
Jefferson College ; Beta, Ohio University ; Theta, Allegheny ' 
College ; Iota, Western University of Pennsylvania ; Omicron, 
Ohio Wesleyan University ; and Sigma, Hillsdale College. 
David D. Cheney, of Omicron, was President ; William H. Wil- 
son, of Alpha, Yice President ; and John L. McMaster, of Beta, 
Secretary. The Alpha reported that owing to the anti-fraternity 
tendencies of the authorities of Jefferson College and the diffi- 
culties connected with the approaching union of the college with 
Washington College, which had engendered much bitter feeling 
between the friends of the two institutions, the chapter had 
probably seen its best days. The Beta, which was about to 
graduate its well-known Class of '69, nevertheless had sufficient 
support to enable it to look with security toward the future, and 
was then in a most prosperous condition. The Allegheny Chap- 
ter, too, as well as the Iota, had reached their highest success. 
The Sigma reported much hostility on part of the faculty, which 
was pledged to anti-fraternity legislation, while the Monmouth 
Chapter reported the same opposition, but seemed nevertheless 
quite prosperous. The Omicron was, perhaps, the strongest of 
all the chapters in numbers, influence and general organization, 
and when later on the delegate from Alpha asked that, for the 
best interests of the fraternity, his chapter be relieved of the 
duties of its government, the Ohio Wesleyan Chapter was at 
once selected as its successor. The convention directed the new 
Alpha to make a thorough revision of the constitution to better 
adapt it to the more modem requirements of the times ; to pro- 
ceed with the publication of a general catalogue of the fraternity, 
authorizing the Alpha to levy the necessary assessment for the 
same ; it further provided for a general change in the nomen- 
clature of chapters, owing to the transfer of Omicron to the 
position of the Alpha, and the union of the Jefferson Chapter 
with the Washington Chapter, under the name of Zeta, rendered 
necessary by the consolidation of the colleges. 

The next General Convention was held at the Wedell House, 
Oleveland, O., on Wednesday and Thursday, March 30 and 31, 


1870 ; — Alpha, Ohio Wesley an University ; Beta, Ohio Univer- 
sity ; Delta, Allegheny College ; and Theta, Bethany College, 
alone were represented. William Eversole, of Beta, was Presi- 
dent ; and Wilson M. Day, of Alpha, Secretary. The reports of 
all of the chapters represented showed evidences of great pros- 
perity and promise, if numbers can be adjudged any criterion of 
success ; their membership was large compared with our modem 
idea, but a brief inspection of the records made since by the then 
active members indicates clearly that the membership standards 
at that time must have been exceptionally high. The special 
order of the convention seems to have been the consideration of 
the revised Constitution, prepared by the Alpha ; the Hillsdale 
Chapter, although not represented, proposed in addition a num- 
ber of changes, and the whole subject was carefully discussed. 
An attempt to make the conventions biennial, instead of annual, 
was promptly voted down. The Alpha reported its inability to 
make substantial progress in the matter of the catalogue, author- 
ized at the previous convention, owing to the negligence of many 
of the chapters in complying with its requests. 

The General Convention of 1871 assembled at the Neil 
House, Columbus, O., on Wednesday, May 3 ; Alpha, Ohio 
Wesley an University ; Beta, Ohio University ; Gamma, Wash- 
ington and JeflPerson College ; Delta, Allegheny College ; Kappa, 
Hillsdale College ; and Omicron, Indiana Asbury University, 
were the chapters represented at this convention. William D. 
Lash, of Beta, was President ; and James £. Silliman, of Delta, 
was Secretary. The chapter reports all showed prosperous or- 
ganizations, and the General Secretary reported most of the 
other chapters in good condition. The withdrawal of the charter 
fix)m the Western University of Pennsylvania was, however, 
ordered. The Alpha reported the successful completion and 
publication of the first General Catalogue of the fraternity. This 
convention provided for the creation of an extension fund of the 
fraternity for use in founding new chapters ; it further decided 
to institute public literary exercises at the next convention, con- 
sisting essentially of an oration and a poem, and it selected 


Athens, O., as the place for the convention, with the arrange- 
ments in the hands of the resident chapter. 

For reasons which do not clearly appear the next General 
Convention did not, however, meet at Athens, O., but convened 
on Wednesday and Thursday, May 15 and 16, 1872, at Bloom- 
ington, Ind., under the auspices of the newly established Nu 
Chapter at the State University. The following chapters were 
regularly represented, viz.: Alpha, Ohio Wesley an University; 
Gamma, Washington and Jefferson College ; Delta, Allegheny 
College ; Omicron, Indiana Asbury University ; Phi, Hanover 
College ; Theta, Bethany College ; and Nu, Indiana State Uni- 
versity. John N. Hunt, of Delta, was *the President, and M. M. 
Kugler, of Alpha, Secretary of this convention. The Alpha 
announced that the new Constitution had been duly ratified by 
vote of the individual chapters. It was decided to publish a new 
edition of the General Catalogue of the fraternity, embodying in 
it all features current in the fraternity literature of the day. No 
less than fourteen colleges and universities were designated as 
eligible directions for extension, the task of managing the 
interests of the fraternity at these several institutions being 
assigned to individual chapters. Of these only Lafayette and 
Buchtel Colleges and the University of Wooster have since been 
added to our chapter roll ; of those remaining only two would 
to-day be regarded as desirable points for extension, and thus it 
is fortunate that these plans were not more generally carried out. 
That this was due to good fortune rather than to foresight, need 
hardly be said here, as the extension policy of the fraternity in 
those days was not always characterized by sound wisdom and 
good judgment. The Alpha was instructed to publish, on the 
first of January of every year, a report of the fraternity's condi- 
tion as gathered from the term reports. The convention author- 
ized a change in the badge, providing for a wider gold border, 
which greatly improved its appearance. From the chapter 
reports it appears that all of the chapters represented in conven- 
tion were prosperous at this time. 

In 1873, we find the fraternity in General Convention on 
Wednesday and Thursday, May 21 and 22, at Akron, Ohio^ 


under the auspices of the resident chapter, which had been estab- 
lished during February. Representatives were present from 
Alpha, Ohio Wesleyan University ; Beta, Ohio University ; 
'Gamma, Washington and Jefferson College ; Delta, Allegheny 
College; Theta, Bethany College; Iota, Michigan State Col- 
lege ; Phi, Hanover College ; and Eta, Buchtel College. Levi 
G. Linn, of Gamma, acted as President, and Milton Clark, of 
Alpha, as Secretary of the convention, whose sessions were held 
in Temperance Hall, which the courtesy of the Good Templars 
had placed at its disposal. It was very largely attended, and 
was successfully managed in every detail, owing to a great extent 
to the interest of Wilson M. Day, of Beta, then Associate Editor 
of the Akron Da4ly Beacon^ and now President of the fraternity. 
It adopted a new and very distinctive form of badge, known 
throughout the fraternity as the "Star Badge," designed by 
Benjamin F. Dimmick, who was General Secretary of the frater- 
nity at the time. It further authorized the collection of an 
annual tax from all alumni of the fraternity, an instruction which 
was carried out, however, only to a small extent. It appointed 
the Kappa Chapter a committee to report to the next convention 
all needed legislation which would better adapt the Constitution 
and By-Laws to the wants of the now rapidly growing society. 
This was the first convention at which the contemplated literary 
exercises were successfully carried out. Rev. M. C. Briggs, of 
Alpha, delivered the oration, and Will Carleton, of Kappa, read 
a poem entitled ''Rifts in the Clouds." The exercises were held 
in the M. E. Church of Akron before a large and appreciative 

The next General Convention met on Wednesday and Thurs- 
day, May 6 and 7, 1874, at Pittsburgh, Pa., the sessions being 
held in G. A. R. Hall. George I. Wright, of Delta, presided. 
There is, strange to say, no record in the proceedings of the 
chapters which were represented at this convention. The Elappa 
rendered its report on the constitutional revision, which had been 
carefully considered ; what was known as the ^' Kappa Constitu- 
tion," and which served the purposes of the fraternity with very 
slight change for some years, was thus adopted. It provided, 


among other changes of importance, for the division of the fra- 
ternity into four Grand Divisions, each presided over by a Grand 
Chapter ; this suggestion was due to B. F. Dimmick, the Gen- 
eral Secretary, who found the duties of his office too arduous 
and exacting, and proposed this arrangement for subdividing the 
work of managing the many interests of the fraternity with better 
results. The convention appointed the following Grand Chap- 
ters : First Division, Delta at Allegheny ; Second, Theta at 
Bethany ; Third, Kappa at Hillsdale ; and Fourth, Lambda at 
Lombard ; the geographical limits were made essentially those 
which until quite recently defined the territory of the several 
divisions. The Constitution was duly ordered printed. The 
convention discussed fully the subject of publishing a journal in 
the interests of the fraternity, and the matter was referred to 
Alpha and the several Grand Chapters for action. The conven- 
tion poem was read by Bev. Jesse Yan Law, of Beta ; it does not 
appear that a copy has been preserved, even the title being un- 
known, and this is the more to be regretted because all of Bev. 
Van Law's contributions to the literature of the fraternity were 
of an exceptionally high order. The oration of Hon. Thomas 
F. Wildes, of Beta, has likewise not been preserved, so far as 
we are aware, and it is much to be desired diat anything which 
may be known concerning the literary exercises of this conven- 
tion shall be placed on record at once. 

This brings us to the dose of the convention series which 
was to form the subject of the present paper, as outlined above, 
and it is hoped that we have succeeded in clearly bringing out 
the salient points of this portion of our history. 

A. P. Trautwkin. 



In accordance with the announcement made in the last Rain- 
bow, the Convention of 1886 will convene at Louisville on 
Wednesday, Thursday and Friday, August 25, 26 and 27. The 
resident alumni, under the intelligent and skillful direction of 
Brother W. W. Lowry (Chi) have made all the necessary arrange- 
ments, with a thoughtfulness and completeness that has left 
nothing undone for the comfort, pleasure and gratification of 
the visiting Delta Taus. In this unavoidably brief announce- 
ment we can only mention the salient features, and make merely 
a bare mention of the social pleasures awaiting the delegates in 
a city celebrated for its whole-souled hospitality and generosity. 
Suffice it to say that the freedom of the city will be given the 
boys, and that every effort will be exerted for their entertainment. 

The headquarters of the Convention will be at the Gait 
House, one of the most celebrated hotels in the country, and 
one around which cluster many memories and associations of the 
late war. This, of itself, cannot fail to lend a charm and interest 
to the visitor. In the character of its service the hotel ranks 
with the best. The usual rates are $4 per day, but provided 
fifty Deltas are in attendance a special rate of $2.50 per day has 
been offered by the proprietors. The hotel parlors are large, 
accommodating an audience of over a hundred, and will be very 
convenient for the business sessions of the Convention. The 
necessity for meeting in an outside hall, which proved so annoy- 
ing and inconvenient at Detroit, will be avoided. 

The railroad facilities of Louisville are unexcelled, thus 
making the city accessible to the fraternity in every section of 
the country. The Louisville & Nashville Bailroad taps all the 
important cities of the South, as Nashville, Atlanta, Chatta- 
nooga, Memphis and New Orleans. The Chesapeake & Ohio 
and the Cincinnati Short Line make direct connection with all 
the great Eastern trunk lines. The Louisville & Indianapolis 
branch of the Pennsylvania system, and the **Monon" route 


from Chicago make the city easily accessible from Indiana, 
Michigan and all the Northwestern States. The other roads are 
the Ohio & Mississippi and the St. Louis Air Line. On all 
these routes reduced rates will be obtained that will equal not 
much more than one-half the usual fare. The reduced rate cer- 
tificate can be obtained of Bro. W. W. Lowry, New Albany, 
Ind. The trains from the South arrive at Tenth and Broadway 
streets, a street-car line connecting the depot with the Gait 
House. The trains from the North and West arrive at the Bridge 
Depot, Fourteenth and Main streets, with street cars direct to the 
hotel. The Eastern trains arrive at First Street Depot, directly 
in the rear of the hotel. Committees of reception will be at 
hand who will look after the comfort of the visiting brethren, 
and see that all are landed safely within the hospitable doors of 
the Gait House. 

The Great Southern Exposition will be open during the Con- 
vention. This exposition is worthy a visit, being the finest in 
the South, and excelling nearly all in the North in the size of the 
building and the number and beauty of the exhibits. The lovers 
of manly sports will be pleased to know that the famous Louis- 
ville Base Ball Club will hold forth on the home grounds during 
the Convention. Unfortunately the Convention will assemble 
too early for the fall races, but it is quite probable that several 
private races will be arranged for the edification of those who 
love the horse. If the depth of the water permits, a trip over 
the falls of the Ohio will be arranged. Among the many objects 
of interest in and about the city we may mention the Big Bridge 
connecting Louisville and Jeff*ersonville, Lid., having twenty- 
seven arches, and being over a mile long. The great cantilever 
bridge between Louisville and New Albany, Ind. ; Cave Hill 
Cemetery, the Masonic Home, the Ccmrier-JoiMvial building, 
the Artesian Well and others "too numerous to mention." 

But, as a matter of course, over and above all these local 
attractions, the main feature of this and of all conventions, is 
the pleasure afforded by meeting and mingling with the members 
of "our good old Delta Tau." We have every reason to sup- 
pose that an unusually large number will be present, among 


these a delegation from the Rainbow Chapters, which, in num- 
bers and enthusiasm, will be exceeded by none. Many of the 
chapters have already chosen delegates, and the Convention, in 
ability and character, will be strong and effective, as the purpose 
has evidently been to choose the ablest and most representative 
men. Every indication points to a glorious meeting of the allied 
hosts of Delta Tau. 



As THE time for the Annual Convention draws near, when 
plans and policies for future guidance of the fraternity will be 
elaborated, the writer desires to call attention to what to him 
seems a singular omission in our fraternity policy, i. ^., the 
absence of any provision calculated to enable the general fra- 
ternity organization to assist in the upbuilding and strengthening 
of chapters once chartered and on the fraternity roll. It seems 
that at present the only points where the central authority of the 
fraternity comes into contact with the chapter organizations are 
the chartering of new chapters and the disciplining of the older 
ones. An eligible and promising location for a new chapter is 
pointed out ; earnest efforts are at once made to place the charter* 
Sometimes these efforts go so far as the providing and furnishing 
of a chapter hall for the new comer. Again, an enrolled chapter 
becomes remiss in its duties to the fraternity ; is charged with 
neglect and disregard of fraternity obligations ; the college in 
which it is located becomes of inferior grade, — ready and sure is 
the authority of the fraternity to discipline, and even kill. But 
let a chapter become weak in numbers, so that its ability to cope 
with stronger rivals diminishes, its necessary expenses a burden^ 
its want of a chapter hall much felt, but too expensive for its 
membership to provide, — where now is the hand of the central 
authority of the fititemity. Strong enough it is to create and 
kill, but powerless to nourish. That chapter is left alone to pull 
its own way through. If, after some years of constant effort on 
the part of individuals, it finally comes out from under the cloud 


and discovers itself a bright star, it is applauded. If it, on the 
other hand, dies, — "well, it couldn't be helped ! " — there's a little 
weeping, which soon gives place to the greeting of a new birth 
in a more promising field, brought about by the strong and 
efficient hand of the central authority. 

The practical result of all this is that the fraternity is silently 
undergoing constant revolutions. The enrolled chapter list of 
one decade is not that of the next decade. The alumni of one 
period, in another look in vain for their whilome "grand old 
Delta Tau." A new creature has grown upon its ruins. Let us 
look to the evidence of this. Delta Tau Delta dates her exist- 
ence from 1859, yet, of the twenty-nine chapters now on the 
rolls, not counting the new Rainbow Chapters, but six existed 
prior to 1871 ; eight chapters had lived and died before that 
date. From 1874 to 1881 eighteen new chapters were chartered 
and eight died. From 1881 to and including 1886, ten new 
chapters have been added and five substracted. In fact, one- 
third of our present chapters date from only 1881. This picture 
reminds one of the old story of the jackknife. 

Now, it must be admitted that the subtraction of many of 
the chapters above counted as lost was in reality a gain, and that 
good judgment has been exercised in locating many of the addi- 
tions, so that both processes, the falling off of old and setting 
up of new, instead of operating by way of set-off, have worked 
a double gain. Therefore, the radical changes above pointed out 
were not an appalling evil. But it is also true that in many of 
the cases included in the above computation the falling off of the 
chapter was a real loss, and with a proper system of aid and 
encouragement on the part of the fraternity organization might 
have been prevented. 

It seems to the writer that at this time the fraternity can 
afford to turn its energies away from extension and direct them 
to the strengthening of the present fabric, the placing of the 
chapter upon a lasting and durable foundation, — as far as any 
are in need of it, — and this once fully attained to hold them, by 
the operation of such a system, in the fraternity polity, yet to 
be devised, which, while not diminishing in the least the respon- 


Bibility of every chapter for its own welfare, will enable the 
general fraternity to exert a strong influence in the chapters' pro- 
tection and maintenance. 

The fraternity can afford this change in its policy, for it is 
to-day represented in a most creditable list of institutions, and 
the standing of the fraternity does not require more. It is not 
pretended there be even a temporary abandonment of the char- 
tering of new chapters ; but that extension should be secondary ; 
internal development primary. 

Not only can the fraternity afford the change, but its welfare 
demands it. The fraternity to-day is represented in colleges 
which are worthy of the hard work once required to gain the 
foothold, and whose loss would deal a serious blow to the gene- 
ral standing of Delta Tau. Yet it is well known that there are 
chapters located in such colleges, which have but a precarious 
existence, and any day that ''unhappy coincidence of unhappy 
circumstances " may arise which will cut them off. The chap- 
ters referred to can be named ; it is not necessary that they 
should be. To observers they are well known. 

The writer is aware that this subject has already engaged 
somewhat the attention of the leading workers in the fraternity, 
and that some efforts have been made to provide a corrective. 
Indeed, the raising of a fund for the purpose from the alumni 
has been tried, with what result is not yet known. But in the 
absence of a regular system, fixed into the Constitution and 
Laws of the fraternity, — including, possibly, the use of the cur- 
rent revenues of the fraternity instead of using them in exten- 
sion, — other expedients will fall short. As matters are now, the 
alumni are more apt to feel that what they have to give in the 
way of a fund for the benefit of chapters, they would rather give 
directly to their own respective chapters. Let a systematic plan 
be once adopted, so that the prosperity of the chapters will not 
depend exclusively on individual efforts, and alumni who think 
in that way will feel that their chapters can afford the change 
from the present habits, which, though direct, are individual and 
uncertain, to indirect methods, which shall be certain, regular 
and systematic. Obrin Serfass. 



The first conference of the Bainbow Division was held at 
Sewanee, June 12, under the auspices of Beta Theta Chapter. 
The business session was held in the chapter house of Beta Theta 
Chapter, which has been placed at the disposal of the confer- 
ence. On account of the inopportune time at which the confer- 
ence had been called (just in the midst of examinations) and the 
inadequate notice which had been given, only two chapters were 
represented, the Lambda of Yanderbilt, and the Beta Theta. 
An informal meeting was held in the morning before all of the 
delegates arrived and several questions which were to be brought 
up in the regular meeting were discussed. In the afternoon the 
conference adjourned to witness a base-ball game between the 
Yanderbilt and Sewanee teams. The meeting was called to 
order in the evening by Bro. J. M. Kyle, A^ and Bro. F. H. 
Miller, B @, was appointed secretary. A letter was then read 
from Bro. Plummer, sending his greetings to the new division, 
and suggesting some lines of work, which might be adopted. 
The matter of extension was discussed at length by Bro. Kyle 
and Clinton, A, and Dashiell and Wright, B 0. The date of 
the next conference was fixed at the second Friday in May, 1887, 
and the place selected was Chattanooga, Tenn. 

The subject of chapter letters was brought up and the con* 
ference earnestly recommended that each 8. A. should send in 
his chapter letter regularly every month, and also that every 
member of every chapter be expected to subscribe for Thb Rain- 
bow. A note of thanks was also tendered to Bro. Plummer for 
the interest he had shown in the management of Thb Eainbow, 
and in the organization of the Conference. After the regukr 
business had been transacted, addresses ot welcome were made 
to the visiting brothers by Bros. Tucker and Dashiell, which were 
happily responded to by Bros. Kyle, Clinton and Galbreath. 
Every one seemed to be in a good humor, and it was decided 
that socially, at least, the conference had been a success. 


In point of attendance it was not a brilliant success ; but we 
ask the Fraternity to remember that this is the organizing 
attempt of a new Division, and that next year a strenuous effort 
will be made to get to work in dead earnest, in order that the 
principles oi A T A may be thoroughly instilled into all the 
southern chapters, and that the Purple and Gray may yet float 
as triumphantly South as it does Korth. 

aiumni a00ociation0* 


The regular meeting of Deltas who are resorting in Northern 
Michigan will be held this year on Thursday, July 29, that being the 
most favorable time, in the opinion of the officers. The place will be 
fixed upon later. There are many items of business to be discussed 
and acted upon, and a large attendance is desired ; any Delta present 
being privileged to vote upon all matters presented. The scheme for 
the Delta home near Petoskey will be discussed, and an organization 
formed for pushing the matter to a successful termination. A business 
meeting will be held in the afternoon, followed by the usual banquet 
in the evening. All who were present last year will be there, of 
course, and we feel sure the whole fraternity would come could they 
realize the jolly times we have. Let everyone be on hand who can, 
and still go to Louisville in August, but every Michigan Delta should 
meet with us at Petoskey. Any inquiries will receive prompt atten- 
tion if addressed to E. J. Ware, Grand Rapids, Mich., before July 17, 
and after that to Bay View until August 2. E. J. W. 


The New York Alumni Association met for its last social reunion 
of the present season on Saturday, June 12, at six o'clock p. m., at 
D'Orville's, Mills' Building, New York. Rev. L. A. CrandaU, K, '73, 
President of the Association, presided, and the following members 
were present : Andrew Bryson, JT, '67 ; Will Carleton, X, '69 ; A. H. 
Roudebush, A, '70 ; William Kent, P, '76 ; A. P. Trautwein, P, '76 ; 


A. G. Brinckerhoff, P, 77 ; W. I. Cooper, P, 77 ; L. H. Nash, P, 77 ; 
F. E. IdeU, P, 77 ; L. J. Bruck, P, 78 ; also Dr. A. E. Osborne, T, 73, 
and John A. Bensel, P, '84. 

Letters of regret at their inability to be present were read from 
Hon. A. J. Hopkins, M. C, X, 70 ; W. W. Van Voorhis, X, '67 ; M. J. 
Martmez, P, '82 ; H. W. CoUingwood, /, '83. 

The by-laws of the Association were amended so as to permit of 
the election of non-resident members without formal letter ballot, when 
such candidates are members of non-existing or inactive chapters, or 
are resident beyond a distance of fifty mUes from New York City. 

In accordance with this rule, the following were elected : Dr. A. 
Edgar Osborne, T, '73, Media, Pa., and WUliam Griffith, C. E., 77, '76, 
Pittston, Pa. The Secretary announced the election to membership, as 
the result of the last letter ballot, of the following gentlemen : William 
I. Cooper, P, '77, and Manuel J. Martinez, P, '82. 

By previous announcement, the subject of the after-dinner talk 
was " The Relations of the Railroads to the (Government" The dis- 
cussion, though entirely informal in its character, became extremely 
interesting and instructive from the fact that it elicited the expres- 
sion of opinion from nearly all of the members present 

The meeting was, beyond doubt, the most enjoyable and success- 
fld which the Association has thus far held, from the fact that the mem- 
bers have already become well acquainted with one another, and have 
ftiUy entered into the spirit which should govern such an association. 
It proved conclusively that the Association has adopted the proper 
methods which will ensure permanent success. 

The Association will have its next regular meeting on Saturday, 
October 2, 1886. The following topics have been agreed upon as the 
basis for the "after-dinner talk." << Alumni Representation in the 
Ooveming Boards of Colleges," and " The Position of the Classics in 
the College Curriculum." The announcement of the place of meeting 
will be made in due time. 




The union oi A T A and Rainbow ranks with the most splendid 
achievements of the fraternity, and marks a decisive epoch in her his- 
tory. While the inspiration of success is felt in every chapter, its ftill 
force is apparent in the South, where our few and scattered battalions 
have been firmly welded into a strong, aggressive, confident, self-reliant 
phalanx. Not only have the fruits garnered in the past been secured,, 
but the fraternity prepared for the conquest of other time-honored 
Southern institutions as rapidly as wisdom and prudence shall dictate. 
Among those who contributed their efforts to establish this auspicious 
condition of affairs none are more worthy of praise than chapter Beta 
Theta. To her is due the honor of originating the scheme, and through 
all the proceedings her intelligent enthusiasm and unselfish devotion 
were clearly and admirably demonstrated. To a very large extent the 
union is owing to the earnestness, skill and sagacity of Bro. W. W. 
Cook, who was chairman of the original committee, and into whose 
sole hands the Detroit Convention entrusted the matter. Certainly his 
ceaseless energy, untiring persistence and unwavering faith at a time 
when the obstacles seemed unconquerable were controlling influences 
in the tide that led to final success. Of the Rainbows, the cordial 
sympathy and zealous co-operation of Bros. Phillips, Eale and Cain 
were elements of inestimable value in securing the ratification of the 
terms. As time passes the history of the union will become of absorb- 
ing interest, and fortunate will be Delta Tau if she obtain an annalist 
who will write the story in detail, while the events are yet fresh and 
unfaded, and deposit the document among the oflScial records of the 


As WILL be noticed in the preceding pages, the Convention of 188& 
will assemble at the Oalt House, Louisville, Wednesday, Thursday 
and Friday, August 25, 26 and 27. The arrangements have been made 


with a thoughtfiilDess and thoroughness that leaves nothing to be 
desired. The railway facilities are ample, and over nearly every road 
reduced fkres will be obtainable. Of the city, we can say that it is 
handsome ; its men gallant and hospitable ; the women, beautiful and 
charming. This in itself should be sufficient to attract every Delt in 
the land ; but let us add that Louisville boasts of an Exposition that 
is unexcelled, horses that are superb, a base-ball club that is great, and 
a hotel that is famous as the tarr^'ing place of men who have imperish- 
ably blassoned their names on the scroll of &me, and whose greatness 
and glory have become our common heritage. But all these attrac- 
tions would be insignificant, worse than a barren ideality, did we not 
remember that hosts of Deltas will be there to grip your hand with a 
vigor and earnestness that will readily convince you he is glad to see 
you. The attendance will undoubtedly be very large, and from the 
names of delegates sent us the official members will be men of large 
experience, of practical knowledge of general and local fraternity mat- 
ters, and ably equipped for the duties awaiting them. As fore- 
shadowed in our last issue, the usual literary exercises will not be a 
feature of the meeting, but the banquet, which at the 1884 and 1885 
Conventions was dispensed with, will be celebrated in good, old- 
fEishioned Delta style. The salient feature of the Convention will be 
calm but vigorous efforts to settle the many important matters which 
have accrued during the past year. The advice and encouragement of 
the older members of the fraternity will be of great influence ; it is, 
therefore, sincerely to be hoped that a large number of " silver-greys '' 
will be present at this Convention, which promises to be of marked 
influence upon the onward and upward movements of ^ T ^, Let 
every Delta Tau unite their efforts to make the Louisville Convention 
the most memorable in all our annals. 


Cbaptcr %cttcvB. 

Theta— Bethany. 

The work of the past session has been most satisfactory ; the 
students have been, as a role, of the best type, and the faculty all that 
could be desired. The prospects for the coming year are very gratify- 
ing. The same Professors wiU remain, and some new ones will be 
added. The efforts to increase the endowment of the college have 
been quite successful, owing to the efficient work of Prof. W. H. Wool- 
ery in the field, and a general feeling of confidence is manifested among 
the students and friends of Bethany College. Bro. Muckley has ac- 
cepted a call to preach for a church at Cincinnati. We received 
recently a very pleasant call from Bro. W. G. Garvey, of Hopedale, 
Ohio, also one from Bro. H. K. Pendleton, of Pittsburg. Both are 
looking weU. We are glad to learn that Bro. Phil Pendleton, who was 
compelled to leave his editorial duties in Cincinnati by reason of ill 
health, and has been spending the winter in Florida, is much better, and 
will shortly visit us. We expect several of our boys back at Com- 
mencement, and shall be glad to have any fraters come and see us. 

Alpha — Allegheny. 

The year has closed for Alpha and the college. We opened with 
one man and close with ten. We fought three strong firatemities, and 
<»me out victorious. Alpha's fhture is assured ; we will open in the 
fall with eight or ten men — ^Freshmen and Sophomores — and look for- 
ward to a year of success and pleasure. 

The events of Commencement week for us were our Wednesday 
afternoon reception at our rooms, where, assisted by our lady friends, 
all the city, college and visiting society were entertained; and our 
annual banquet Enthusiasm was at its height at the banquet, — ^the 
best one held in years. Shilling, Earnest and Frank Koester, L. L. 
Davis, Coll White, Jim Stewart, Doc Stewart, Eniz Baldwin, Ned 
Locke, Dr. Nodine, and all the city alumni were present. 

At the meeting of the Board of Control the faculty of the collie 
was changed considerably. Professors of Physics and Chemistry, 
Tingley ; Greek Language and Literature, Reid ; and Latin Language 


and Literature, Haskin ; being superseded by Professors Montgomery, 
Lucoock and Williams. Professor Thatcher, of Cornell, was elected to 
preside over the Department of Civil Engineers ; and Mrs. Emma 
Wheeler, of Chicago, was elected an instructress. Arrangements were 
made to add a musical conservatory, and also to associate the com- 
mercial college of the city with Preparatory Department 

Beta Theta— University of the South. 

Since my last letter I have one more new frater to introduce to the 
Delta brotherhood — Bro. Charles C. Baldwin, of Florida. We judged 
him worthy to become a Delta, and believe that he will justify our 
trust. Bro. L. D. Weiss, we regret to say, was called home recently by 
the death of his father, but we hope to see him back again next term, 
as he is one of the best men we have. 

Sewanee came out victorious in the Inter-Collegiate Oratorical 
Contest for Tennessee, the fortunate winner of the medal being Mr. 
W. A. Guerry, 2AE, We feel very proud of our success, since this 
makes three out of four times that Sewanee has walked off with the 
prize. We were not so successful, however, in the base-ball game 
which we played then with Yanderbilt, for we were most miserably 
" done up," but we had our revenge when Yanderbilt played us on our 
grounds, and we paid them back in their own coin. The University 
continues to prosper. Besides the gymnasium, which I spoke of in my 
last letter, the comer-stone of which was laid June 23, seven thousand 
dollars have been donated recently for the purpose of building a hand- 
some stone bell-tower connected with the gymnasium. The edifice 
when finished will be perhaps the prettiest we have. 

Bros. Hale and Riddel ('85) were ordained to the priesthood on the 
19th of June, by the Bishop of Tennessee, the ordination service being 
one of the prettiest ever seen up here. Bros. Hale and Riddel have 
been at work during the past year at different places in Tennessee, and 
have won quite a good reputation. 

We are beginning to reap our honors already. The medal for the 
last old member in the Sigma Epsilon (Literary) Society was awarded 
to a Delta on the occasion of their last anniversary, when the orator 
and essayist for the evening were also Deltas. We are having our hall 
frescoed now in beautiflil designs. It will be a little gem when we get 
it finished. We shall interrupt the work in a night or two from the 


time this letter is written for our annaal banquet, on the anniyersaiyof 
our birth as a chapter into the dear old Delta Tau. 

We w^re very much gratified to have the opportunity of entertain- 
ing the First Division Conference of the Rainbow Division under oar 
roof. Although it was poor in numbers, it was rich in enthusiasm, and 
went to work with an earnestness and a zest that is sure to accomplish 
wonders. It has already infused new life into us, and we predict that 
the Grand Chapter Lambda will make a tip-top division of us if she 
infUses all the chapt^^ with the spirit which she herself has. Bros. 
Kyle, Clinton, Galbreath, and Vaughn were here from Lambda, and 
Bro. Galbreath stayed with us two or three days. 

Kappa — Hillsdale. 

Irving Heokman, now a drug dispenser at Kirkland, HI., spent a 
few days with us during anniversaiy week. Bro. Crain was called to 
Indiana three weeks before the close of school to attend the flineral oi 
his brother. Bro. Coldren was on the sick list six weeks, but was able 
to take up his studies again near the close of the term. S. S. Avery 
delivered his popular lecture, entitled " Fiction ; its Fascinating Power/' 
to an appreciative audience in the college chapel the latter part of May. 
Success to him in his new field. Bro. L. E. Dow delivered the oration 
on Decoration Day at Teconsha, Mich. He will return next year to 
graduate with the Class of *87, after an absence of two years. He will 
also represent us at Louisville next August. H. A. Parker and C. £. 
Root took advantage of the recent cheap rates to California, and now 
are basking in the sunshine at Los Angeles. They report a splendid 
time, but say nothing about their return. Our annual picnic to 
Bawbcese Lake occurred the 14th of June. Fifteen Deltas and their 
ladies were present, and a general good time was enjoyed. A picnic 
by the A @'s was held at the same place one week previous. At 
the annual meeting of the Board of Trustees, Rev. Francis L. Hayes, 
formerly professor in Greek here, was elected to permanently fill the 
presidential chair, temporarily occupied by Prof. Dunn for the last 
year. His acceptance of the nomination has not yet been received, 
but should he decide to accept, without doubt a new era in the ooU^e 
prosperity would begin, as he is young, talented, and energetic. At the 
same meeting leave of absence for one year was granted to both Prof 
fiajmes and Prof. Fisk to recuperate their health. Through theeflTorts 



of the Class of '86 a very beautifUl fountain has been erected on the 
fh>nt campus. We take pleasure in introducing to the Delta world our 
latest: U. G. B. Pierce, Providence, R. L; Z. A. Grain, Angola, Ind.; 
and W. J. Leverett, Sioux Falls, Dakota. 

Mu — Ohio Wesleyan. 

CoMMENOSMENT cxerciscs will be held at the Ohio Wesleyan Uni- 
versity on June 17. Out of a class of forty-six, seven boys and five 
girls have been selected by the faculty to deliver orations. This is the 
smallest class the college has graduated for several years, but it will be 
remembered that this class suffered the loss of eight men this year on 
account of the " Fred Warde " afiair. Prof. J. H. Grove, in his ener- 
getic efforts to raise the standard of the Preparatory Department of 
this school, has instituted an annual exhibition of this department, at 
which he expects to "graduate" deserving Preps to college rank. 
Fifteen speakers have been chosen for the first of these annuals, which 
is to be held on Saturday night of commencement week. Through the 
efforts of Pro£ Grove, the standard of scholarship in this college has 
been greatly raised during the past few years. 

Bro. R. H. Olmsted, of Phi, recently spent a very pleasant week in 
Delaware. The Mu boys found him a congenial frater, and were sorry 
to have him leave. Bros. Ebreth and Reid, of Chi, came over near the 
middle of the term to play with the Kenyon ^' nine " against the 0. W. U. 
boys. The game resulted in favor of the 0. W. U. boys. 

The Bijou, which was to have been published by the Junior Glass 
this year, will not now be published. When everything was ready for 
the printer and the engraver, some Sophomores, probably assisted by 
a few treacherous Juniors, stole nearly all the matter, so that its pub- 
lication was made an impossibility. The fraternities here will prob- 
ably publish one next year. We regret to say to other chapters, that 
we will now be unable to exchange with them for their college annuals. 

On the evening of May 26 the members of Chapter Mu were given 
a reception by Mrs. Philip Phillips at her elegant home in Delaware. 
Besides our active men, .there were also present, Bros. C. F. English, 
'84 ; R H. Olmsted, Chi ; H. G. Baker, formerly of '87 ; and Mr. 
Brooks Shell, — ^making in all twenty two gentlemen. Each one was 
provided with a lady, and it can be safely said, that twenty-two couples 
never spent an evening more pleasantly. After an elegant supper had 


been eaten, the evening was made joyfhl with musiCy the singing ol 
college and fraternity songs, and in social chat. Mr. Philip Phillips, 
the renowned singer, was unavoidably absent on his tour of lectures. 
Bros. Horace A. Stokes and C. W. ]^vans, our old and new O. S. A., 
are our delegates to the next Convention at Louisville. All communi- 
cations to Bro. Stokes after June 17, should be sent to his address at 
Dayton, Ohio ; and those to our S. A., to Cuba, Ohio. 

The closing college year has been a very successflil one to Chapter 
Mu. Beginning the year with ten men, we now number eighteen, and 
lead the fraternities of the 0. W. U. in point of numbers. Without 
boasting, we can say that our boys have received their share of college 
honors. Besides having a representative on each of the Annual Lit* 
erary Publics and the Oratorical Contest, Bro. Durbin has been editor- 
in-chief of the TrauMcript, and Bros. Arnold and Banker, local and 
exchange editors, respectively ; while Bro. Stokes and F. M. Austin 
have been elected on next year's Transcript corps. This year we lose 
six Seniors ; but a dozen other valiant Deltas are left to float the 
purple and gray, and you will hear from them next year through our 
new and efficient S. A., F. H. Junkin. 

Psi — Wooster. 

The Sixteenth Annual Commencement of the University of Wooster 
has passed. In these years 421 alumni have been enrolled. Of these, 
150 have given themselves to the Gospel ministry ; 72 to law ; 66 are 
teachers, 21 of whom fill collegiate positions ; 37 are in business ; 19 
in medicine ; 10 in journalism ; 7 in farming ; and 3 are civil engineers. 
The total enrollment for the years of 1885 and 1886 was 623, a gain of 
55 over the years 1884 and 1885. The school was never in a more 
prosperous condition. Those taking the Post-graduate course number 
70, among whom we find : Rev. John M. Davis, B^ 73 ; Rev. L. M. 
Gilleland, T, '68 ; Rev. Theodore Crowl, T, '68 ; A. C. Miller, C. K., 
r^ '82. The graduating class numbers 38 ; 29 collegiate and 9 musi- 
cal. Of the former, 19 are members of fhitemities. None of the 
chapters initiate purely musical students. There were nine Honor men 
in the class. The first, eighth and ninth are members of ^ X ; the 
second, fourth, and sixth of J T J \ the fifth of ^ O] the other 
two non-fraternity. This record is a good and conclusive argument 
against the oft-repeated assertion of the barb : " The best men do not 
belong to fraternities." 


The past year has been a proeperoos one for Psi. We have had 
two initiations, and affiliated W. M. Grafton and W. T. Bushman, both 
Of old 2. They are good men and strong workers. Bro. W. S. Bockej 
stopped ont the first term, and has been studying privately preparatoiy 
to entering the School of Pharmacy at Ann Arbor. In the Declama- 
tion Contest, Inter-Society Contests, both Collegiate and Preparatory, 
we have come out on top of the other fraternities. Of the five ^ Tb 
who graduated in '86, four will enter the ministry, and one, Bro. Shal- 
lenberger, law. The chapter will b^n next year with twelve men. 

Eta— Buchtel. 

Satttbdat night, June 12, our number was increased by the addi- 
tion of Arthur J. Bowley. After the initiatory service, which was 
finely carried out, we had a spread of strawberries and cake, ice cream 
and lemonade. We had a very enjoyable evening, and felt sorry that 
several of our alumni could not have been present Before the end of 
the term we are to paper our hsdl in fine style, when, we think, we shall 
be able to ask anyone to visit our hall, and fear no constraint of con- 
science lest he speak of the elegance of our furniture and the bad 
condition of the walls. We shsdl then have truly an elegant place in 
which to meet Our Commencement occurs the 24th inst, but during 
the whole week there are to be many attractions. We are in hopes of 
being able to entertain several alumni Deltas, for we know of several 
who are coming. Chapter Eta is always glad to be visited by any 
Delta who may wish to know her hospitality. 

Beta Delta — University of Georgia. 

Since our last letter everything has been very quiet with us. The 
Senior Class have finished their year's work. It is an unusually large 
class, and displays a considerable amount of talent Beta Delta is 
represented in the class by six men. The Senior speakers have not 
been appointed yet, but we have good reason to believe that our repre- 
sentatives in the class will receive a good share of them. The Univer- 
sity is in a very fiourishing condition, and the attendance next year 
will be larger than usual. The Chair of Natural History, which has 
been vacant for two years, will be filled at the next meeting of the 
Trustees. Only four old men will return next term. Their energetic 
character, however, gives us sufficient assurance that they will not 
allow the chapter to fall below her former high standard by reason of 


small Dombers. The stand which our men have made in the college 
classes this year is highly creditable to themselves and to the chapter. 
The alumni of oar chapter are all prospering. Of last year's class, 
Bros. Wilcoxon, Holden and Gross are practicing law ; Bro. Cloud is 
a civil engineer; Bro. Kitchens is teaching, and Bro. Burdette is 
studying medicine. 

Chi — Kenyon. 

GoMMXNOEMiNT, occurring on June 24, closed the last term of the 
collegiate year. Considerable of an attendance was present at the 
exercises. The graduating class consisted of six men. There are 
thirteen in the incoming Senior Class. On Monday evening, the 21st, 
Bro. Reid delivered before a large audience, at Bosse Hall, one of the 
Kenyon Day orations. His theme was '< Our Nation." He did great 
honor to himself and to the fraternity of which he is a member. Three 
alumni Deltas paid a visit to their Alma Mater, one of whom, Bro. 
Child, of Hamilton, Canada, had conferred upon him the degree of 
Master of Arts. Our other two visitors were Bros. Harris and Franks, 
both of whom are attomeys-at-law, the former practicing at Sullivan, 
Ind., the latter at Cincinnati, Ohio. Bro. Franks is gaining quite a 
reputation in the criminal courts of the city. Bro. Herrlinger, having 
lately returned from Iowa, is now located at Cincinnati, where he is 
dealing out legal technicalities to his clients. Bro. Stotensburg, lately 
admitted to the bar, is now practicing law at his home in New Albany, 
Ind. Our chapter is at present upon a firm foundation, and we are 
looking forward to a prosperous friture. We fondly hope that our 
efforts have not been in vain, — that our struggle has given us strength, 
— and that we may ever go on increasing in numbers for the advance- 
ment of Deltaism. 

Beta Beta — De Pauw. 

Beta Beta began the college year with seven members, and dur- 
ing the first term we added four to our number, two of whom left col- 
lege during the year. Bros. Ira B. Blackstock, B.S., James £. 
McDaniel, B.A., and Frank D. Wimmer, B.Ph., graduated with the 
Class of 1886, and we shall begin the next college year with seven 
members, including a fine young man, a recent graduate of the high 
school of a neighboring city, who recently passed his exammations for 
entrance into the Freshman class, and who has pledged himself to 
ATA, Bro. Wimmer received a diploma as Captain in the Military 


SchooL Bro. Caylor won the W. T. C. U. Prize Essay in the Prepara- 
tory School. During the last term, Bro. Keeler was Secretary of the 
Platonean Society, and Bro. Sinsabaugh President ; and Bro. ShaflTer 
Secretary of the Adelphian Society. We were pleased to see Bro. 
Dwight HarrisoDi of Phi, the delegate from Indiana to the Inter-State 
Oratorical Association, on his way to the meeting at Lawrence, Kansas. 
We were recently faTored with visits from Bros. Gkins, Redman, Clif- 
ford and Lucas, of Beta Steta ; and Bros. Oliver H. Blacklidge, 73, and 
William L. Gavins, 78, of our own chapter. Our Commencement 
visitors were Prof. Justin N. Study, Mu, 71 ; the Rev. Dr. Femandes 
G. Holliday, 76, the senior member of the Board of Trustees ; Curtis 
P. Smith, '83, who received the degree of M. A.; and W. Boyd John- 
son, '85. Bro. Charles W. Mann, of the Class of '88 at West Point, is 
spending the summer in Greencastle, ' much to our delight Prof. 
Mills, Dean of the School of Fine Arts, is working upon a large and 
excellent picture of our beloved founder. Prof. Justin N. Study, which 
is to hang in our chapter hall. We highly appreciate this kindness 
and generosity on the part of Prof Mills. The delegates-elect from 
Beta Beta to the Louisville Convention are Bros. Ira B. Blackstock, of 
Paxton, 111., and Ernest R. Keith, of Brazil, Ind. Bro. Horace S. Nor- 
ton, of Lemont, lU., will be our S. A. next year. 

The Class of '86 graduated thirty-six members, the fraternity repre- 
sentation being as follows : 5 IT, 6 ; ^ T i^, 6 ; ^ X, 2 ; 0KW, 
4; J KE,2] ^J 0,0; J TJ,3] KA 0,1; KKr,2. One of 
the principal attractions of the Commencement season was the magni- 
ficent exhibition of the School of Fine Arts under the direction of Prof. 
Mills. The Mirage, the new annual published by the Junior Class, has 
appeared, and is a very creditable book. The following fhitemities 
have their chapter lists published in it : B G 11, T J, 2 X,0KV, 
J 0, J T /I, K A 0, K X rand A X n. The .^ KE Chapter 
recently expelled one of her members. Dr. Earp, having been elected 
President and Professor of Philosophy in the South Kansas College, 
has resigned his position here. The Board of Trustees at their recent 
session made the following elections : Joseph Carhart, Professor of 
Oratory and Rhetoric ; James Riley Weaver, Professor of Political 
Philosophy and Modem Languages ; Mrs. Belle A. Mansfield, Profes- 
sor of History and Registrar ; the Rev. John Poucher, Professor of 
Theology and Treasurer ; Oliver P. Jenkins, Professor of Biology. A 
number of Instructors were also elected. Dr. Post was granted a leave 


of absence for two years to study abroad, his position as Librarian and 
Professor of Latin being supplied ad interim by Prof Longden. 

Upsilon — Rensselaer. 

The Institute closed the 11th, and but few of Upsilon's bojrs now 
remain in town. Bro. Zieley spent Commencement week with us. 
Bro. Eanney was also with us. Bro. Ranney has a position as assistant 
engineer on the New Jersey Central Railroad The concert given by 
the '*R. P. I. Glee Club" was a grand success. Bro. Smith is Presi- 
dent and Manager of the club. All the singers were heartily applauded, 
and everyone agreed it was an evening well spent The Juniors' hop 
to the Seniors was the event of the season, the best society of Troy 
being present in honor to the new graduates. Upsilon was not behind 
hand in graduating her man, as Bro. Zayas was presented with his 
diploma as a C. E. At the examination for admission there were a 
large number of Freshmen present, and the indications are that the 
Class of '90 will be a very large class. We expect to return with eight 
men next fall, and our prospects are very encouraging. We expect to 
be as strong, if not stronger, then than we have ever been before. We 
expect to have several men of the chapter present at the Louisville 
Convention, which, we feel already assured, will be a success. We 
sent copies of our annual, the Transit, to the chapters publishing them^ 
and as yet have received only a few exchanges. We hope the different 
chapters will remember us, as we have files of the different Annuals in 
our library, and would like to keep them complete if possible. 

Epsilon — Albion. 

Our year closed with a grand banquet It being the tenth year in 
our history, especial effort was made for a decennial reunion. Bro. J. 
C. Floyd, 76, of Delta, related to us incidents concerning the found- 
ing of our chapter, and kindly deposited with us correspondence 
regarding the same. Bro. Jocelyn gave to us some early reminiscences 
which greatly brought us to appreciate more fiilly the condition of our 
chapter at present Our reunion and banquet was a grand success. 
Albion College never had a more successful year or a happier Com- 
mencement One of the successes of the year in the fraternity world 
is the establishment of a new fraternity in our midst, the ^^ Sigma Chi.'' 
The society, which has now assumed the dignity of a fraternity, haa 


been organized since 1883. We are happy to announce now that 
** Oreek will meet Greek,'' and ^ T J \b not alone in Albicm College. 
Bro. L. W. Tharrett is our S. A. for the coming year, and Bro. O. G. 
Scranton will represent us at the General Convention. 

Zeta — Adelbert College. 

With this year Zeta closes the fourth and most prosperous year of 
her existence. We secured two Freshmen, good loyal Deltas, making 
our number at the close of the year seven. Of these tliree graduate, — 
Waite, Pettibone and Arter, — leaving two Juniors and two Sophomores 
to manage afiairs next year. In the large incoming class we have two 
men pledged. The Sixtieth Commencement passed off much to the 
gratification of all concerned, with a great manifestation of enthusiasm 
on the part of the faculty and alumni. The Raerve appeared during 
Commencement week. While the typographical appearance is good, 
the matter is no improvement over former issues, the main object being 
to abuse B O 11, which was very successftdly accomplished. If 
rumors are true (and it seems so), our friends in ^ K E are in a very 
bad way, as three of their members have resigned, and others have 
been out on forced vacations until their number is reduced to six men. 

Omicron — Iowa State University. 

With the dose of this term, Omicron bids farewell to four of her 
loyal sons, — Bros. Love, J. F. Clarke, Rawson and Teeters graduating. 
Love will either teach school or enter the law, Clarke will study medi- 
cine in Philadelphia, Elawson is undecided, and Teeters will become a 
salesman in a Des Moines wholesale jewelry house. Bros. Hedrick, 
Hoag, Powell, Head, Howard, C. G. Marquardt, C. D. Morgan, Gibson 
and Russell, of Omicron, visited us during Commencement We were 
glad to see them back, and hope they will fkvor us again. Bro. 
Andrews, of Omega, came in during the closing days of Commence- 
ment He is a royal good Delt, and we are sorry he did not come 
sooner. We gave a banquet and dance to our lady fdends and visit- 
ing Delts on the evening of June 19. Bro. Beavis, Unitarian minister 
in this city, and Bro. HcBride, Professor of Botany in the University^ 
with their wives, were with us. After several hours of dancing and 
social enjoyment, Madame Noel served a sumptuous repast The ban- 
quet was followed by the ^^ flow of wit '' usual on such occasions. Bro. 


Beavis responded to " Our Fraternity ;" Bro. Powell to " Alumni of 
Delta Tau ;" Bro. Williams to " How I got in ;" Bro. Read, " Deltas 
and the Law ;" Bro. Lischer, " The Babes f Bro. Gibson, " Deltas of 
the Plains;" and Bro. Teeters to "The Ladies." Bro. Howard, of 
Minneapolis, presided as toast-master. It was agreed by all who had 
the pleasure of attending, that this was the event of Commencement 

Pi — University of Mississippi. 

Singe writing our last letter, afiairs have been progressing as usual, 
and the ordeal of examinations with all their hard study has been 
passed through. The wheel of time in its revolutions has brought 
Commencement once again, with all its pleasures and sorrows ; pleas- 
ures in having a good time generally, and in the satisfaction of know- 
ing that soon we shall be at home with those who are dearer to us 
than all things else on earth ; and then, again, we are all sorry to leave 
each other, for our parting may be forever, for who knows which one 
of us may receive a summons from the dark angel to cross the gloomy 
river of death ere school begins again. 

The University chapel was decorated handsomely, and the general 
opinion is, that the declamations were better than usual, and the Com- 
mencement sermon delivered by Bishop H. M. Thompson, of the Epis- 
copal Church, was something grand, and the music by the choir (special 
for the occasion) was simply splendid. There were a great many 
strangers to attend Commencement, and they seemed to enjoy them- 
selves. " The Commencement exercises were better this year than ever 
before," so say a great many that have attended them regularly for 
many years. 

We have the same number of men as when the last letter was writ- 
ten, and no new initiates. We will only lose one by graduation, and 
most of the fraters will return ; therefore, we expect to do some good 
work next year. We expected to send a delegate to the Division Con- 
vention that was to be held at Sewanee, Tenn., but it was in the midst 
of our examinations ; it was utterly impossible for any of us to get off, 
although it would have given us great pleasure to have gone. We are 
glad to hear that the General Convention will be held at Louisville, as 
it will give all the Southern chapters an excellent opportunity to send 
delegates. We have received letters of welcome from many Deltas^ 
and it always delights us to hear from a Delta. 


Iota — Michigan State College. 

We are glad to intr^dace Bro. Paul Chamberlain, our latest initiate, 
to tlie Delta world. On May 15 we held onr annual fleld-day. Olivet 
and Albion were each represented by large del^ations, but yielded in 
the contests to the prowess of the <' Agriculturalists." From Albion, 
we were happy to meet Bros. Gordon, Scranton, Graham, Masters and 
Connable. On June 5, over sixty M. S. C. boys participated in the 
athletic exercises of Albion College. Seven of lota's men were royally 
entertained by Epsilon at her chapter house. Bro. Davison will repre- 
sent our chapter for the next year on our college paper, the Speculum, 
Bro. Bartmen is business manager of the same. Bro. Estabrook, still 
in Germany, will be with us next term. Our actives are planning for 
a grand treat during our summer vacation in the shape of a yachting 
voyage around the lakes, from Port Huron to Chicago. We have 
already secured the boat, and Bro. Bartmen, of the Mechanical Depart- 
ment, is building the engine. Iota has again resumed the publication 
of the Chronicle. We expect to issue it regularly each term in the 



Hlumni ticxoB, 

Kappa Prime. 

'66. Dr. A. M. Hamilton contributed medical essays to recent numbers of tl 
New York Medical youmal and the Boston Medical and Surgical yournal. He i.^ 
a member of the University Club, New York. 

'66. Charles C. Emott is Secretary of the John J. Crooke Co., i86 Grand street, 
New York, manufacturers of tin foil. He also is a member of the University Club 
of that city. 

'67. Andrew Bryson, until recently Chief Engineer of the Harlem & Hartfon 
Railroad, is now Principal Assistant Engineer of the Kings County Elevated Rail- 
way of Brooklyn, with office at 26 Court street. He is a member of the American 
Society of Civil Engineers. 

'67. John Salisbury is a wholesale dealer in sand and broken stone at Avenue 
B and 62d street. New York. 

'67. John Sanford, of the firm of Stephen Sanford & Sons, carpet manufactur- 
ers, whose extensive mills are at Amsterdam, N. Y., is a member of the University 
Club of New York. 

'67. W. W. Van Voorhis b largely interested in the Port Henry Steel and Iron 
Co. in the northern part of New York State. 

Rho— Stevens. 

'76. William Kent, at the recent meeting of the American Institute of Mining 
Engineers in Pittsburgh, read two papers : ** Recent Failures of Steel Boiler Plates," 
and ** Apparatus for Determining the Heating Power of Different Fuels." 

'77. Lewis H. Nash, of the National Meter Co., Brooklyn, recently received a 
large number of patents on various forms of proportional, oscillating and rotary 
water meters and methods of operating them ; also a number of patents for gas 
engines and their details. He has received upward of sixty patents in the United 
States, and a large number of foreign patents. 

'80. Willard P. Parsons is Treasurer of the Hoosick Falls Gaslight Co.,. 
Hoosick FalU, N. Y. 

'81. Charles A. Gifibrd contributes to ** Architectural Studies," Part IV, pub- 
lished by W. T. Comstock, New York, two designs of *< A Florida Cottage " and 
** A Sea-Side Cottage." 

'84. John A. Bensel was recently promoted to the position of one of the Assist- 
ant Engineers on the New York Division of the Pennsylvania Railroad in the Main- 
tenance of Way Department at Jersey City. 

'85. A. G. Glasgow is now at Waterbory, Conn., at the gasworks controlled 
by the United Gas Improvement Co., of Philadelphia. 



i*^^'' Iota — Michigan State. 

^^ *62. Prof. A. J. Cook read a paper on the " Pollen Theory " at the meeting 

of the National Bee-keepers* Association at Detroit, Mich^ December 5. 
'74. Henry A. Haight is President of the Michigan Club, at Detroit. 
'75. William L. Carpenter is one of the Directors of the Michigan Club, of 

'77. Albert Dodge, of Fowlerville, Mich., is presiding officer of the State Grand 
* Lodge of Good Templars. 

'77. James Albert Porter died on Christmas Day of 1885, at his home at Bliss- 
( field, Mich., at the age of thirty-one years. He leaves a wife and child and a wide 

(^ circle of friends to mourn his loss. 

*78. Frank £. Robson was recently married in Detroit 
r *78. Rev. Clement J. Strong, since January I, has charge of the Congregational 

^ Church at Charlevoix, Mich. 

\ '79. Roderick B. Norton was married to Miss Mary Beal, of Northville, Mich., 

on November 27. He resides at Arkansas City, Kansas. 

'79. Marion A. Porter is in the furniture business with his father at North- 
viUe, Mich. 

'85. Edward A. Bartmess is teaching near Lafayette, Ind. 
'85. James A. Dart is in his father's law office at Petoskey, Mich. 
'85. Thomas H. Rees graduates from West Point this June. 
'83. H. W. CoUingwood had a poem — "A Story of Fredericksburgh " — in the 
New York Sun of November 14, 1885. He is a frequent contributor of stories to 
S. S. McClure*s "Newspaper Syndicate." He is regularly employed on the edi- 
torial staff of the Rural New Yorker, 

'73. Prof. R. C. Carpenter was elected Secretary of the Engineers' Society of 
Michigan at its meeting in January. 

Delta — University of Michigan. 

'83. Horace C. Alexander, Assistant Engineer of Streets in the Department of 
City Works of Chicago, recently became a member of the Western Society of 

Phi — Hanover. 

'78. George M. Peckinpaugh is with Loomis, Hart & Co., furniture manufac- 
turers, Chattanooga, Tenn. 

Mu — Ohio Wesleyan. 

'71. Rev. W. P. McLaughlin, who was recently transferred from the Ohio 
Conference to New Orleans, has been elected President of the Ministerial Associa- 
tion of the South. 

'85. Rev. A. B. Austin, who has been attending Drew Theological Seminary 
for the past year, is now occupying the pulpit at Moscow, Ohio. 

'84. D. A. Hayes has been compelled, on account of sickness, to give up his 
studies at Boston School of Theology, and to return to his home in Dayton, Ohio. 
He expects to pursue his studies again next year. 


'84. H. B. Swartz and D. A. Hayes are attending Boston School of Theology. 

'S2. C. E. Jefferson, formerly a student of the Boston Law School, is now 
attending Boston School of Theology. 

'83. G. P. Austin, Ohio Conference, is stationed at Wellston, Ohio. 

'83. £. E. Cheney is practicing law in Kansas. 

'74. B. F. Dimmick, Cincinnati Conference, is more fortunate than most of 
ministers. He recently became father to triplets, — three girl babies. 

'82. D. T. Denman is attending Baptist School of Theology, Rochester, N. Y« 

Beta Beta— DePauw. 

'73. The Hon. Elisha B. Reynolds is the Republican candidate in Wayne 
County for Representative in the General Assembly of Indiana. 

'86. Married — May 31, 1886, at the home of the bride's parents in Crawfords- 
yille, Ind., by the Rev. John £. Steele, Miss Mary J. Bonnell to Mr. Robert P. A. 
Berryman, who graduated at Wabash College this year. 

'76. Joseph Crow, Jr., is now a successful lawyer in Bird City, Kansas. 
When he resigned his position as City Attorney of Greencastle, the Common Council 
passed resolutions showing their appreciation of his services. 

'82. Married — Wednesday evening, March 31, 1886, at the homeof the bride's 
parents in Crawfbrdsville, Ind., by the Rev. Dr. Thomson, Miss Maria Elston, 
-daughter of Col. Isaac C. Elston, President of the Elston Bank, to Mr. Dudley H. 
Jackson, of Brazil, Ind. The bride is a niece of the late Hon. Henry S. Lane, 
ex-United States Senator and ex-Governor of Indiana, and of Gen. Lew Wallace, 
ex-Minister to Turkey and the author of '<Ben Hur." Mr. Ernest R. Keith (Beta 
Beta, '90,) was the best man. 

'86. Married — ^Thursday evening, April 8, 1886, at the home of the bride's 
parents in Mount Vernon, Ind., by the Rev. Dr. Woods, Miss Sadie P. Edson, 
-daughter of Judge W^iam P. Edson, to Mr. Frank D. Wimmer. Bro. Wimmer 
has been admitted to practice in the Circuit and Supreme Courts of Indiana, and 
is now the junior member of the law firm of Edson & Wimmer in Mount Vernon, 
his father-in-lav being the senior member of the firm. 

Kappa— Hillsdale. 

'69. Will Carleton has a poem entitled, « When My Ship Went Down," in 
the Chicago Current for April 23. 

'71. Hon. A. J. Hopkins' memorial address on the late Reuben Ellwood, 
M. C, from Illinois, is printed in the Congressional Record for January 29, 1886. 

'68. Judge O. A. James delivered the oration at Coldwater, Decoration Day. 

'74. J. W. Simmons, Superintendent of Schools at Dowagiac, is a member of 
the State Examining Committee for colleges. 

'74. Wesley Sears was. May 20, elected President of the Michigan Association 
of School Superintendents. 

'76. Chauncey Cook was re-elected Mayor of Hillsdale at the late election. 
He has discharged the duties of his office with popular acceptance, and the move- 
ment seems to be rapidly growing to have him represent his district in (he next 


Xi — Simpson. 

'8a H. B. Pierce, attorney-at-law, has an extensive practice at Rock Rapids, 
Iowa. He reports his responsibilities augmented by the recent arrival of a 
bonncing boy. 

'75. Rev. C. H. Burleigh is at present stationed at Cheney, Kansas. 

'83. Cards were recently issued for the marriage of Ralph P. Collins, Darling- 
ton, Indian Territory. 

'80. G. R. C. Read is located at Omaha, Neb., in the practice of his profes- 
sion — the law. 

'77. C. C. Stiffler attends to a lucrative mercantile business in Ogden City, 

'78. L. L. Smullin, charter member of Xi, is telegraph operator at Maple 
River Junction, Iowa. 

'83. H. G. Smith and Miss Rettie Pierce, both of Asbewa, Iowa, were 
recently married. 

Theta— Bethany. 

'62. Prof. John L. N. Hunt is a member of the Republican County Commit- 
tee, New York City. 

'69. Prof. Charles L. Loos, Superintendent of the High School at Dayton,. 
Ohio, will deliver the Inaugural Address as President of the Superintendents' Sec- 
tion of the Fortieth Annual Convention of the Ohio Teachers' Association at 
Chautauqua, N. Y., June 29. 

'82. J. L. Atkins is practicing law at Lock Haven, Pa. 

'82. H. King Pendleton has recently removed from New Albany, Ind., to 
accept a call from the Hazelwood Church at Pittsburgh, Pa. He is doing a splen- 
did work in Pittsburgh, and is very highly spoken of by those who know him there. 

'82. W. G. Garvey holds the Chair of Mathematics at Hopedale College, O. 

'77. C. P. Kemper is President of a Young Men's Academy at Cuckoo, Va. 

'85. F. P. Arthur has recently accepted a call to the Church of Christ at 
Angola, Ind. 

Upsilon — Rensselaer. 

A. E. Deal, '82, is still at Scran ton, Pa. 
Spearman, '84, is situated at Steubenville, O. 
Ranney, '85, is at his home in Mohawk, N. Y. 
Reynold, '85, is in business in Hoosic Falls, N. Y. 
2^iley, '86, is engaged in business with his father at Canojaharie, N. Y. 
Peyana, '87, will return to the Institute from his home, U. S. of Columbia,, 
in August. 

Crump, '87, is engaged in business at Dravosburg, Pa. 

Carey, '84, is with the Grand Island Banking Co., at Grand Island, Neb. 

Judd, '88, is at the San Jose Military School, California. 

Finney, '88, is at his home in Memphis, Tenn. 

Hebert, '89, is situated at Marietta, Ga. 

Martin, '89, is now at New Orleans, La. 


Beta—Ohio University. 

'69. William S. Eversole, Superintendent of Public Schools at Wooster, O., 
read a paper on ''The Education of the Conscience," before the recent meeting of 
the Northeastern Ohio Teachers' Association, which is reprinted in the Ohio 
Educational Monthly for May, 1886. 

'66. Joseph -F. Lukens took a prominent part in the meeting of the Clermont 
County Teachers' Association at Batavia, O., on April 10. 

'64. Middleton S. Campbell, Principal of the Central High School, Cleve- 
land, Ohio, read a paper on "The Unknown Factor in Education," at (he meeting 
of the Huron and Erie County Teachers' Association at MonroeviUe, O., April 17. 

Psi— Wooster. 

'83. Manola A. Gamell read a paper on ''Socrates as a Teacher," at the 
meeting of the Knox County Teachers' Association at Centerburg, O., April 10. 

'83. C. O. Johnson is now in New York City preparing to study law. He 
lives at 213 Alexander avenue. 

'84. J. M. Fulton is preaching at Normal, 111. 

'82. J. A. Gordon, Presbyterian minister, Decatur, Mich. 

'82. J. C. Rice, Principal of Glen wood Institute, Matawan, N. J. 

'83. D. C. Hanna, Presbyterian minister, Philadelphia, Pa. 

'83. A. B. Nicholls, Presbyterian minister, Quincy, Mich. 

'83. M. A. Yamell, Superintendent of Schools, Mt. Vernon, O. 

'84. H. M. Kingery, Professor of Ancient Languages, Emporia, Kan., was 
married to Miss Mary McMillan, June 24. Psi congratulates Hugh, and wishes 
him an abundance of that success which is sure to be his. 

Alpha — Allegheny. 

'84. E^. E. Hughes was recently admitted to the bar of Venango Co., Pa. 

'83. W. B. Best has been admitted to the Crawford Co., Pa., bar. 

'86. W. J. Bryan is a bookkeeper at McKeesport, Pa. 

'77. L. E. Fuller is now situated at Crete, Neb. 

'84. W. A. Pitton is one of the physicians in charge at E^t Tennessee Insane 

Hospital, Knoxville. 

'85. W. E. Rice is practicing law at Warren, Pa. 

'82. Walter Mcjunkin is in the drug business at Clearfield, Pa. 




Address of Welcome to ConTention— Babcock 8 

Address of President to Convention— Cook 35 

Alumniof ^rJ 80,85,158,286 

Banquets : 

Michigan Alumni 10, 108, 268 

New York Alumni 207, 268 

Consolidation of ^ TJ and Rainbow 188 

CBESCEirr, The, as a Factor, etc— Cullum 106 

College Traditions— Curtis 201 


First Division 168 

Second Division 180 

Rainbow Division 267 

Delta Tau Delta in Iowa 188 

Delta Tau Delta in Literature 78, 136 

Detroit Convention 8 

Editorial 12, 48, 78, 111, 139, 217, 270 

Fraternities in Ohio 104 

Fraternity Combinations— Edwards 40 

Fraternities at Stevens 177 

Greek World 14, 46, 82, 116, 147, 175, 212 

History of Rainbow Fraternity 105 

Indiana Oratorical Contest 222 

Initiates 126 

Internal Development Our Primary Policy — Serf ass 264 

Ladies' Fraternities 09 

Louisville Convention 262 

Me and Billy— McLean 67 

Mississippi University 209 

Miami Triad in Extension 169 

Our Early Conventions— Trautwein. 284 


Crescent and Star— Matthews 200 

Good Night, and Joy be with You All— Matthews 110 



Our Delta Queen— Geissinger 19^ 

When My Ship Went Down— Carleton 316- 

The Editor's Girl— Colllngwood lOT 

Rbviewb : 

Ohio Alpha of ^KW 220^ 

Manual of ^J0 22ft 

8. A., the Exemplary— Swarthout \. . . . 261 

Societies at Howard 107 

Vanderbilt University 204 

Withdrawal of Charters 181 

Why Fraternities ?— Carleton 247 

Yale Senior Societies 102 

Chaftbb Letters : 

A 19, 60, 122, IW, 242, 272 

B 29, 288 

r 59, 288 

^ 25, 62, 126, 188, 240 

E 68,124,190,284,280 

Z 17, 122, 162, 288, 281 

H. 25, 152, 286, 277 

e 21,190, 272 

/ 68, 189, 286, 288 

K 66,121,274 

A 280 

M. 28, 68, 119, 187, 282, 275 

N 26, 241 

A.. 17,96,157, 289 

24,68,168,281, 281 

n 219, 282 

P 27, 66, 164 

2 64, 96 

r. 28,62,120, 191,228, 280 

$ 64, 164 

X 64, 287, 278 

W 19, 61, 151, 241, 276 

£1 29, 284 

BB 18,128,227, 278 

BA 57, 102, 277 

BE 61,124, 161 

BZ 64,156, 286 

BH 22 

Be 20,67,121,189,240, 278 

BK 26, 96, 158- 

Richmond Straight Cut 

(No. II 


Ille) i inm, Mmufictuns, tici 


BLANK Book Makers, 

Stationers and Printers. 

Comoieneemant, Reception and Fraternity Invitationi ; Fraternity Catalogues, 

Song Bookt, Society Annuals, Etc., produced in the hirhett 

style of Typographic Art. 

Manufacturing oept's 

194 TO 214 


TciirHOHE NO. ear 



TMI FAVOBITE MUMB6BS. 30.1. rt04. 33«.3flt, t>0. 

SOLO «T ALL DEALERS ru^o^^.^ur n.t WORLD. 


Pine ftalionepy and £n^r«avin^ lf°^S®' 


Commencement, Roooption, Wtnldmg as*d Fratofniiy InvtUt^ 
erssiLFLAn illdstratiohs vur ouuJtoi 'njuuturioHB. i 




< H- 

H)elta • Zan • H)elta 

Volume IX. J IMiizii^ishmm K\kky Montii i Number 2 

NOVEMBER, 1885. 


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y'^r Awl CViWiftiW , lotB— I. N, BTA»in>wtC. Intmifc Midi. 


Tit* lUVM'TVi w [>db1UbciJ an the jjUi nl eovU 0n1■ll^ "iioiiC IV 
%lli*le ^tti, Ulrrat} ■Mi^Bt UtoaU be In Itic Itmd* oT iha emtu* <1 
IVh.-MII rii<|ilM Lttlen by 'li» 16111, A-fffiw* oil "—- 

II. W. KlfMMEB. Ki 
^ C>|irM IIWHK Ohiri. irn 1. ' 

■Sf/i-'i.tb mfV 

THE Crescent 


2)elta • XTau • 2)elta 

Volume IX.] F'ublished Kvery NIomth [Number 3 

(Ourlns thie Collesint* Year). 

DECEMBER, 1885. 


Mr and Bili.y, ... . . . . j, ly, McLean^ 67 

Delta Tau Deita in LiTERATrRK, 73 

EniTORIAL, '....... yS 

Literary Work of Delta Tau. — Division Conferences. — The Anniversary of 
Delia Tau. 

The Grkki; Woki i>. -82 

Au;mm of Dm.ta Tau Dki.ta, 85 

rhi— Alpha — Beta Ikta Mu — Kappa Sij^ma — lieta Theta — Nu 
Prinic- Gainina — Kho— Iota-- I)i.ta — Tlu:la. 

ChaI'TKR Li-.TiiiKS. 95 

Xi — Iteta Kappa — Sijijjina. 

ANNorNCEMI.NIS - - - . - - - 81 

Of Caialnjjiic Acjent. — Of the Fir?! Division Conference. 


Chicago : Room 903 Opera House Block. 

entered at tt^e CliicuKO F^owt Offiee ri» SSeeond-class Xlail Nf alter 



.■ W. M- ihbr, Mu, '71, t^3U Water .St., i'lrv«l«i<i, u 

{irn. Xtt.= WiLBU CtiLVLf, Hcu, 1b, ^frinicfirM, O 

iWm. tin,i. ■ J. a. VfMix. lou, •So. Grand Ripid*, Mlek. 
H. X UiucB, Itbu, '7II, 37D A*f lani &l. Ilan<aril, Cdnn. . . 
H. W. I'LVUMik, Alfbd, *&(, ^j Open lloue Dink, dikoft.. , 

K. P. Cl'lADK. iDlDli. S*!;,. «»«il»lllc. e» 

U. A. Srom, aaOtr. Sk-.Bvi lii« DaUvln, U . 

O.. U Rimii, 3d Pir. Sec., 801 jl;l Ann AiImh, Hi«t 

1^, 1. TtCrm, 4U1 tH\. Hot.. Bin, 1 690 low* City, loan., .. . 

* jtfhil' I thd A. P. T«4UTWCL<<, ItiAiabtn, K | 
Ca^t4gMt.- IU10— AILTliL't. 1- Suiu:VK,43T Curdcu St.. tUimtiMi. N J, 
SMl^tnt . Upulon-V. T PuoK. ] Wa»Ml> VW^Tmt. N V. 
JMUr i)M4 Cw^^trw- 111*—), N. E*T*>»ODK, LawiB^ Mttk. 



n Ike sjth iif KWlt nraKli ikitlH *!■* **>^ 
tnejsir i*w- LU(mr wiklek >fc(MliI he ie ilie tUNcb uTiIk BdHar bf Ike 
l>tk, »nil ChApMrr L«ttgn bf tkc tfllli. AddKv oU niiftnumCTliona. UtETwi 

H, «- PIUMMBR, Eottxw W-Cnui-, 
W^ OpetB llMoe BlM'k, 1 10 Qtlh ttinai, CkltfAKv 




2)elta • Um • 2)elta 

Volume IX.J I'ummshico ICvicky Month ; Number 4. 

JANUARY, 1886. 


7. A*. Jf. :','':■ :.•', 

I \I)IKv Kk.\1KKN!TIFS - - .... 

\ Ai 1: Skmor SociETii:^, .... 
Ikaikrmt'.es. in Ohio, ... 

S"<'n:T!Ks AT Harvard, ■ 

»:xs'.i «.i OF Mi«mii(;an Deitvs, 

<.io-. c» N:(;iir and J.»y He Willi Y.'i* Ai.i , 

Ifi!"}:'. \i., 

11.0 I'rop. <^^i!ON;in!i : Thi- J'i.!.k- :\n«! i\\,v. : Jlr.'i..Ii. Wtok. 

I tl! <Ii:i:iK \\\*i\: i». - - ... 

«. h MM k I.I I 1» 1:^, ... . . 

M:j — 1.1'^j: .11 — r.otn 'rii'-.-. Kai'-u — /• :.i — .Alj 1- . --V...'.- Iki 



Chicag^o : Room 903 Opera House Block. 
I I i»i«:-r«."..I «jt tilt* C.'liio.'iyo l*».»«t t>tf ic«.« .'i.-i ;^t''»'« »m l-v.l'ji>:;h4 Xl.-nl .\I.h;. 






^^P hrnidhU^ W. M. tMT, Ma, ll, IjO W»i«i SL, Ct««laml, t). . . . r>rw r4^ iSEfi ^| 

,», H 

^^H Cm. Trnu. J. II. W.uu, bits, >l!l. Cand R4pias, Mitli. _ 

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^H H T. Tlll«:K,Bho,*A3TDA>r1<Mn£t,]UnJ>»d.Coiw.-.. 

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^^^ K W. t*u>iuiKb, iOptuL, '&I, 4P3 afen Hi.iuc BbuJs Cl^Cttco. . . 

' 07 ■ 

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^^^^^Hkni CKiplOf IrTter? I>v iLf ' '^^^^1 

^^^^^^B ^^^H 


THE iRE^Ui^ixT 



Q- A. Xaimiif, 123 


Th> WmimAWM- OF CHMrmu, 

timiTA TaIi Dclt* at hnvi, 

P>iJA Tau Dw-t* in l.tru^Ttnti, - 

Ttw-EtelaUM or 1n&aU(o atrial r EtaKHtiiliurGeMncliy- Ztacaivltcir 
BaclMti A. Coniplote. RbeUik • VtteUUe MMptelacr* Cai>»T 


AInoand AmMUMianl t'ntMnliinc nwim CnDvmtnm iif'SipMCllI 
Tint Ctwmrr III Kcbruk* : X*la Ctapui nf Chi Hit ' rkf4U» 
CknmiU - NhxI iif • Fructnlty Snni Book. 
Tm Hkus Woati'i 

Chui>« Lxmu. . . t - . 

Ucu epuWi—M—TcU—Kla—OMkrip— &>())' H«P|u— I'ki— « 

Ad'MrK ')F Onn* Tii' oarA. 

Caicflco: Bixhh 903 Open Houm BIoc^ 

lenVS— VtMLT tUBUnniBN, ILIO ; SIIWLE NtlMBEItS, 10 1 


execuTivK cduhcii^ 

Prtiiiiml. W. M. D*V. Mu. '71. Iju W«lrt St.. CUwlwirf. O. . . , Tm. 

Cm. Sn. : WiLBU Co;.mi, Hn*, 'Xo, Spraijclickl, U . 

Cm. TrMU.: J. B- Wa«i, Ijita, 'S«, Cnnil RspiiU, Mcb 

IL T. Bkuck, Rhft, 78, .;7oA>tIuid Sl. Hartfora, Own .. 
n. W, Pluumui. Alpba, 'S4. go] Open Houm lUoeb, CSli-igo, 

E. P. CULruM. iftDU Src-. McidvUlr, !■■ 

IL A, STOKtS, nl n¥. liix., Bm laS) Dvlml'itn, O 

C L- Kim>. jil DiT. S«t.. !ku jifi Ana A'bor, Hkb 
y L. TKKmu, 4tll Otv. Stiu, Vox 11150 luwaCitr, low^. . 


C*i*ltgmt Agmi. Rlin— A. E. TftAOTwew, H.-ihrftCD. N. j 
r«<bKi ifjVMi - Rbo—AaTNUK L Stiasvt, 427 Gwden St., HiUmIud, I 
J^/ *tt«t- Ul"ltafi— *', T. Pwc^. 1 W«»«flj PUfe. Troir, M, Y. 
Av '^^ O wii ifW w Iai»— Lvaui H llini, Gmdii lt.v.>>*. .M^ 


The CiM<rrauuo lUDoaiiccBieni will be nu^c obea Uu inuigetiieal* ht*e 

Tmi CtKKUrT 11 publMwl iin Uie ajtk nf ucfe smBlli iiMinn ;})» ool- 
Itetatv yen, Uttruy ulaJet duwlil be in (lic fanndi af ihe edltiir by tbe 
iilb. and Cbopur Uc<ws bv i&c iStlt Aildi*« all oonununcatinoi, Dietur 

H. W, PLUMHEK. SiirK*-Dt.CiiUt>. 
^j Open tfoiue Blud>. iiq Qtrk SitMt. Cblufu 

T&SMS . - - 




Delta XTau- Sella. 

Volume IX.] PuutiaMnD Bvkky Month [Nomber 6. 

MARCH. 188G. 


The Fuui Diyisiox Cojfnmwci, 

Th> Miami Tuaii ik EkTUMon, 
Tui CutSK WO«LU, 
FKATUKmK« »TSnnii3. 
JiVoiKu DiVHIOtr CoMrBlxftct. 

Emtoual. ' f\ 

TIm CanMUdatian ul^ DclW Tsu IMla uiil tUlntnw. 
CaATTSB Lvrrftu, . _ . 

Ma — Delu — 1MB.— Ueu TIhIb — EjwilaD — • TUbU V lf|*Uan~- Beta C 


Cbica^pi: Roam pDj Opera Houm Blsch- 

1 nt iK« OtilciaBn Pnwt Olftm Mb Shacvim]'«lHiB» Mall MMUar 

Tcnin— t»iLv suBScwpTtM. »i so I nmiLE nuhberi, » cents. 



President VV. M. Day, Mu, '71. 130 Water St., 1 lev«-laiul. 1) Ffrm exp 1886 

1 886 


Grn. Sei. • WiLBEK Coi.viN, Deta, '80, Springticld. C) 

6V/.' Jreas.. J. h. W.vkK, Jnia, '82. Grand Rapids, Mich 

H. 1 . BkLTK, Rlio, '78, 370 Asylum St., Hartford, Ctmn 

11. \V. ri.i'MMr.R, .\lpha, '84, 903 Opcru IIounc IJlocK, Chicago. 

E. P. Cui.LUM, I'st Div. Sfc Mcadvillo, Pa 

II. A. SroKEa, 2d l)iv. Sec. Ho\ 1252 Delawaic, O 

W. A. McDoNAM), yiX Div. S'-c, Box 3171 Ann Arhor. Mich. . . 
J. I.. Tekters, 4ih Div. Sec. liox 1650 Iowa Cily, Iowa 


CataL\eur A^^ent ' Kho— A. P. Trvutwein, Hobi)kt*r. N. I. 
Coiors A^fut : Rho Akinik L. Shrkvl, 427 Gaiden bl.. iioboken, N. J 
6V«// AgfHt : fpsilon—V. T. Price, 22 Times Biiildiag, Troy, N. Y. 
SifH^ /»W* Committee : luia — Lucius >V. lioYT. Oraud Rapids, M'.cli. 


The Convcnti«iii annuunctMuont will Ik' hi uic when ilir arrangcmenU })ave 
htvw i'umplcted by the F.xtTuiivr i'ouncii 

Tin I'kF.srKN! i.- j»uhli>»hcd o:-. lliv 25!!: •»!' ^-aili month during the col 

it'iiiate vt-ai. Literary articles shiniltl '•»• in :ho hands xy^ 'hi.' Editor by th^ 

I2th. and ( hapUT Letter* in- \\w i.Siii \l.ii,s^ ail cnuwnunications, literary 

\ji ^'!!^ines'i. '.« 

li. \\. IMAMMER. Kihtor is • :hk>, 

iK»3 i.'pora H« "i-.,- liU.uK. iio <.lark Slrei-t. i.'hica;;'i 

/'/•A\)/> if/..-'- /V-7.' i'.VAT.l/. /.\' APl'A.VCh 

M w/./V COPY r/r/' xt\ caxts. 



BeltaHau- Delta 

APRII MAY, i88e. 



-LoruMTt 01 nut Fkat**- 

jr. /Arty un3H||w. 

i< !S7 Ml. S^'IP .V/nMi itmtthrwit. 

Cou-sn* TtAarnDnf Aim Tin CmUMf unumv. ffit^x* "^ Ottiii. 

VAWimnn.T UftTVKwjTY uni nil lMato\ Ciuyt«« or Dm-ta. Tai-- 

IiFi -.\. ij^wun 



Wutv _ _ 


The Ne» Vark Alttni.. ' itdB| 

Of/* Lrrr«M, 

RlYUWt. - - 

CiiATTM Ltrnw, 

- L«sib>U — Omlotit — 


• OfcLr*. 

Chltmo 1 Room 9<»3 O?"" Huu.e matx. 




Presidint: \V. M. Day, Mu, '71, 130 Water St., Cleveland, O Term exp. 1886 

Gen. Sec, : Wilder Colvin', Beta, '80, Springfield, O " 1886 

Cen. Treas.: J. B. Ware, Iota, '82, Grand Rapids, Mich ** 1887 

H. T. Brlck, Rho, '78, 370 Asylum St., Hartford, Conn •• 1886 

H. W. Plummer, Alpha, '84, 903 Op<'ra House Block, Chicago. . . '• 1887 

E. P. CuLi.irM, 1st Div. Sec, Mcadville, Pa *• 1886 

H. A. Stokes, 2d Div. Sec, Box 1252 Delaware, O " 1886 

W. A. McDonald, 3d Div. Sec, Box 3171 Ann Arbor, Mich " 1886 

J. L. Teeters. 4th Div. Sec, Box 1O50 Iowa City, Iowa 1S86 


Catalogue Agent: Rho— A. P. Trautweln, Hoboken, N. J. 
Colors Agent • Rho ArtiU'R L. Shreve, 427 Garden St., Hoboken, N. J. 
Seal Agent : I'psilon — V. T. Price. 22 Times Building, Troy, N. Y. 
Song Book Committee : Iota — Lucius W. Il»»vi. Grand K.ipids. 


THE XXVII ANNUAL CONVENTION will be held at Louisville, Ky.. 
nil the 25th, 2(')th and 27th «layr» of August, 1SS6. under the auspices of the Loui^ 
ville Alumni. The Convention ofticers are : /V.j/V/w/, K. D. Curtis. Mu, '70 : 
I'ix.' Fresidcnt, N. B. Hairi>, \) H^ ',^5: StKretary, A. P. Trautwein, Rho, '76. 

Tmk RAlNn»>w IS publisheil «>n :lu.- 25th uf cacli month during the col 

leiiiatt^ veur. Liter.irv article> should be in the han-ls of the Editor bv tlu* 

1 2th. and Chapter Letters by tlie iSlh. Address ail c«^»nimunic.itions. literar> 

o' business, in 

II. \V. PLCMMER. Editor iN-CiiiEi. 

903 (.>pera House Blnek, no Clark Street, Chica^t- 

TERMS $1.30 PER AX.Vl'M, IX A/n'AXCE. 




2)clta-trau -Delta. 

Volume IX.J F'ubi-ished R%'iimy Month (Number 9, 

JUNE. 1S86. 


Tju EuutTLAav -S A-, 

Tiw louinnujt CowvcmMt, 

ftmiKAt. PlVtiOVMBln- Oiik Pkinavv fV>UC\', 

lUuraow DivitjoM COfrmsMCK. 

AlUKMI AAOClJlTKnn, . - - - 

Itnehlpii Atainni Kew Vudc AJosibi. 

Tic Union, TlLe Caiiven(i)ia. 
Cir«nT» L.ETTI3J, 

Thcia^AJphi)— >Deu Tbeiv— Ka)i||»^>Mu- 

ALHUHi Nnvi, ■ 
uron TO voum nc. 


CtiieaRo : Room oa.1 Open Hanae Block. 

TERMS— YE*iaYIUBiOIIIPT1DN,fl.Ba; «iM>-e NUaBeM,ZfiC»n. 



PmtdtHt: \V. M. Dav, Mu. '71, 130 Waicr St.. ClevclanU, t) Trrm cxf. 

Cm. 5^<'. WiLUBR COLVIN, Bela, 'So,Spriii|^eld, O " 

Cm. Treat.- J. R Wakk, Iota, 'S3, Grand Rapid*, Mich 

H. T, Bkvck, Rh», '78, 37oAiyluin St., Hnrlford, Conn 

H. \V. ri.rMMi;K, Alpha, 'S4, goj Otwra Huum Block, Chicaeu. . . 

t, P. iJi-uuM, tst Uiv. Sec, Meailville, Fa 

H. A. Stokes, 3i1 Div. Sec. IIox 1253 Delaware, U. 

\V. A. Mi:TX>NAt.[>. 31I l>iv. Sec., Dox ,^t7i Ann Arbor, Mich '' 

J. 1 TpktkRs. 4lh l>iv. Sec, IVix tOjo Ii>wa City, lima 

C,-i.ihgur .I^VHl Rho— A. 1'. TbaL'TWEIS, IIobokLii, N. J. 
C-'l.'r, .-Igriil .- Rhn .\RTlirR I.. SllKEVK, 417 Garden .'il.. Tlohokcn. N. J, 
Se.:! . Ig.-Ht ■ L"|«ili.n— V. T. I'mcK, a* Timci Buildiog, Troj, N. Y. 
Si'ttf Ho^i C.-mmitirr ■ Ifia,— \j}CH!^ VT. HoVT, Grand R.-ipids, Mii;!.. 


THE XXVIl ANNUAL CONVENTION will lie lield at I^mLsvillg, K>.. 
i.ti 'hi' Si'.ii, idili aii'l a7th days of Ansim, 18S6. under Ihc aus(«ccK of ilie I^iii- 
lillt Alumni. Tlie Cinivcnii.m olTii-er!. are: Pi.iiJenl, Y.. P. CuiCis. Mu. '70; 
I-i::--/'u! y. v.. Harris. U <-), '85 : S^.i-^Liry. A. 1'. Ttaiitivcin, Rh.i, -jfy 

'\}it RAINnow is pulilisliu'! I'li Ilic 2;ili <if each month during the col 
ICRialc vcM. Lilerary articic'i should be in tlic hands of the Kdilor liy llie 
lilh. and Cliaptct tellers by the iSlh. .Udress all communicilioni, literary 

IT. \V. Pl.L'MMER, KniTOH-IN-CniFF. 

oo_; (.Ipera liiiiise llliwli, 110 Hark Strctl, l^lnoaij.i 


sixau-. copy . PhK AWHWI, t.\' .iinAKCF. 
Ttf/ISTY C/:.VTS. 

'1SA7 1886 







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They are as safe as Gtovemment Bonds. 

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They provide for yout family if you dia 

Nearly forty years of successftd business shows that there is no 
better company for the insured. 

Insurance solicited. Men of energy, iaoi and iniegriiy wanted 
for agents. Apply to 

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an exhausted brain, in liver and kld-Pwi¥*5*S^?5**^#% kIHSP^AJ!.^^^' 
ney trouble, in seasickness and sick "* ^' H®"'®'^ <>' CMiibrldgt. Masi. 

headache, in dyspepsia, indigestion and constipation, in inebriety, despond- 
ency and cases of impaired nerve function, it has become a necessity in a 
larffe number of households throughout the world, and is universally pre- 
flciiDed and recommended by physicians of fdl schools. Its action will 
harmonize with such stimulants as are necessary to take. It is unsurpassed 
as a substitute for lemons or limes, and 


Prices reasonable. Pamphlet giving further particulars mailed free. Manu- 
factured by the 




Mght Cot Gis&i'BitB 

Is nspectfUly Itdltattd to tlit CoUige 
Socletlgs ot lingila 


¥1. S. KUBALL & GO. 

RiCHHOMD Straight Got 

(No. r) 


"OBRBONS who >rs wHllng to par a Uttla man Hun 

X^ ths piiee chaigsd rot Iha oidlnaiT tnd« Clgai' 
attca will and ttiBM Cigarette a far aaperloi to all olhan. 

hiB t Gnn, KanufidDnrs, Riciikiid, h 

Beowh, Pettiboite & Co. 

Blank Book Makers and Printers, 


The Oulpat of Our Extantir» Esiabh'a/imani embracet Work 

FOR COLLEGES.— The Stllabdb of Northwestern UaiTersitv, EvanBtoii, 111.; 
and TiiB Aunouncembnts of Chicago Medical College : Chicago College of 

Phyeitiana and Surgeons ; Woman's Medical College, Chicago ; Horgui 

Park (111.) Military Academy; Beloil College, Wis. 

The University of Noire Dame, Ind. ; Lake Forest University, 111. ; Allen 

Academy, of Chicago. 
THE PROCEEDINGS of The Illioois State Medical Society (1683 and 1684) ; 

The niEnols State Phannaceutical Association (1864 and 1885). 






'*• STEEr'PENS. ' 

f IWg BWBMTE HUllMia, »0M04, 8ag,85l»lTD, 
V ^aW^80U> w AU. DMUBS iiiMwiwaiFfTi.K WORLD. 


Pine J tationepv and En^r^avin^ fe°^^^^ 


Commencement, Reception, Wedding and Fraternity Invitations- 


Delta Tau Delta Stationery always on hand. Samples and Prices on Application. 



Ukon from (he BuUdin<