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Full text of "The raisin center cook book"

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



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ADVERTISEMENTS. 



A WORD TO THE COOK 



I^et this store supply you 
with your 

EXTRACTS 

SPICES \m 

BAKING POWDER 

as well as your other needs 
in the grocery line. 



The Best is None too Good for You 



You will always find a 
willingness to please and 
courteous service. 



Fowler's Large Modern Store 

M, Brady ®, Co. 



ADVERTISEMENTS 



BOOM 

The Reiisin business by teachin^^ 
people to eat raisins. 

Teach Them 

by using- 

"THE LUSCIOUS BRAND" 

of raisins in your recipes. 



Yours for pr<)si)erity and 

Cash in the Sweat-Box 

LF.Giffen&Co 



ADVEKIlStMENTS 



L D. HOWARD 

Contracting Painter and Paper Hanger 

DKAI^KK IN 

PAINTS, OILS, WALLPAPER AND MOULDINGS 

I also do advertising- of all kinds. 
Cor. Fifth and Merced Sts., - - Fowler, Cal 



THE BRUNSWICK 
Bowling Alley and 

Billiard Parlors 

The cmly 

Strictly Temperate 

Place of its kind in the State. 

NELSON BROS 

1039 J Street, - - Fresno, Cal 



OFFICERS: Trumaii G. Hart, Pres. ; Lee L. Gray, Viee-Pres.; First ^ational 
Bank, Treas.: V. H. M. MacI,ymont, Sec, & Gen. MKr.;(;. F. Wyer.Asst. Mpr. 
DiRECXORSi Truman G. Hart, Lee L. Gray, Hector Burness, rrank H. 
Short, V. H. M. MacLymont. 

CrXY COUNTRY 

CAPIXAI. « 100,000 

LANDS FRESNO REALTY & AGENCY CO investments 

1924 TTJLARE SX 
rMPROVETJ UNIMPROVED 

Transacts a General Real Estate Business. Acts as Agent for Absentee 
Property Owners. Arranges Loans on Realty. 

Los Angeles Office 213 Grant Bldg Phone White 1591 

Phone Home 1968 FRESNO, CALIFORNIA 



ADVERTISEMENTS 



Barrett-Hicks Co 

The best and cheapest place 
in the count v to hiiv vour 

Stoves 
Ranges and 
Utencils 

because we buv in car ]i)ad Kits. 



PAINTS 



SPECIALTY 



Barrctt-Hicks Co 



1041 1 St., Fresno 



ADVERTISEMENTS 



Cooks arc Made 
They are not Born 

But any ordinary cook can 
make a success of anything- 
in whicli flour is used with 

SPERRY'S NO. 1 BRAND 

IT IS THE BKST 

Spcrry Flour Co 

N and Presno Streets, Fresno, California 

Scientific and 
Thoroughly Professional 
Treatment of the Scalp 



Bald Heads Please Apply. Advice Free 



HAIRDRESSING A SPECIALTY 



DOCTOR WILLIAMS 

1905 Fresno Street, - Fresno, Cal 



thi Raisin Center Cook Book 



COMPILKD AM) ARRAKGKD BY 



the Towhr Improvement Jlssociation. 



Mrs. 
Mrs. 
Mrs. 
Mrs. 
Mrs. 
Mrs. 
Mrs. 
Mrs. 
Mrs. 
Miss 



Chas- Nelson 
J. P. Duff 
A. C. Palmer 
A. K. Wagstaff 
Z. L. Ward 
T. T. Turner 
Fred Nelson 
L. A. Howard 
Geo. Scane 
Carrie POlder 

Miss Ha 



Mrs. W. E. Marden 
Mrs. M. E. Trowbridge 
Mrs. A. Mattei 
Mrs. C. H. Norris 
Mrs. Geo. Waterman 
Mrs. C. S. Manlev 
Mrs. J. W. Slater 
Mrs. A. Harris 
Mrs. M. L. Parkhurst 
Miss Emma Barnett 
rriet Stout 



COOK ROOK COMMITTEE 



We are indebted to ■' The St. t:i..iul Co.jk Hook, riie Fruit 

World," " 101 Sandwiches," t"<jr vahiable recipes and desire to 
make special acknowledi^-ements to "Crumbs From Everybody's 
Table" for many favors. 



K<>\\'I.KIt KIS'SilfllS" f 'It EMM 



L'SRARV of CONGRESS 
Two Copiae Ractiivad 



MN 2 1904 

Copyright Entry 
CUSS a. )^c. N 



' copy 8 



No. 



^t 



A 



^ 



>y^ 



TO OUR FAIR YOUMG vSISTlOR 

"THE COMING WOMAN" 
WE dedicatp: this book 



Her kitchen will doubtless be a chemical lab- 
oratory, her baking and brewing only new chem- 
ical combinations, and yet, with all due deference, 
we commend to her these tried and tested recipes 
of her grandmothers. 



u//ia/ c^oos coo^or^ moanF J^t moans 
tho /cnou/iod^e o/" ^T^oefoer, erne/ o/" Ci'rco, 
and o/" Ca/j/pso, and o/" Jifo/en, and o/" 
S^oboAaA, and o/ tAo Queen o/" S/ioAa/ t't 
means fAe Arnou>/od^e o/" a/f /ruiVs, and 
AerAs, and ba/ms, and spices, and o/" ai/ 
tAaf is Aea/iny and siveef in /"ie/ds and 
proves, and savory in moats/ it means 
care/u/ness, and inventiveness, and u/atcA- 
/^u/ness, and ivit/inffnoss, and readiness 
of app/ianco,- it means tAo economy o/" 
your yreatyrandmotAers, and tAo science 
of modern cAemists/ it tneans mucA tasting 
and no uiastiny/ it means dtn^tisA tAor- 
ouyAness, and ^rencA art, and J'traAian 
Aospitatity. S?usAit 



Preface. 



The Fowler Improvement Association present 
this book to their many friends with the hope 
that their effort to build a club house and extend 
their library may be looked upon with favor. 
Special attention has been o-iven to the meatless 
department and to fruits and raisins, the pro- 
ducts of the raisin center. It is hoped that it may 
prove a valuable assistant to man v. 



COPYKIGH'i', lf>(l.'!. 

HV Tllh; 

KOWr.Klt IMl'Rt)X'E>rKJN"l' A.SSOC'IA'riOlV 



ADVERTISEMENTS 



Manlcy-Burnett Co 

General Merchandise 

THE FIRM THAT TREATS YOU RIGHT 



Anythinu^ that can be 
found at anv iirst- 
class store can be 
found here at the 

BOTTOM MARKET PRICE 

We intend to stav and 
if rijjfht treatment and 
jj-ood <j()(>ds will draw 
trade 

We Will Get Our Share 

All the inj^redirnts for 
the r ec i pe s in this 
book can be found at 
oiir store. 



Manlcy-Burnctt Co 

I'^<»\vler, - - - California 



ADVtRTbEMENTS 



OFFTCK OF 



HOWARD A. HARRIS 

Cor. Sixth and Merced Sts. , Powler, Cal 




The Ensign 

Fowler's 

Local 

Paper 

Published 

Saturdays 



AGENCY 



For the PACIFIC IM- 
PKOVFMFNT CO. in the 
sale of its Fo\\ ler town 
property. 



AGENCY 



For the two leadino- AMKR- 
ICAN and the two leading- 
FNGLISH INvSURANCK 
COMPANIKS. 



Bread 

Mrs. Charlhs Xiolson. 



"And I will fetch a morsel of bread, and comfort yo your 
lu-arls; after that ye shall pass on."— Genesis 1S:5. 



In the iiiakiii^' of ^ood bread there is nothino" 
intricate or dillicult, nothing- which an}- person of 
average intelligence cannot understand, hut there* 
,iss liQ department of cooking where so ninch de- 
pends upon care in little details, and where fail- 
ure 5^0 surely follows any deviation from certain 
well established principles. 

Good Hour, good veast, pure water and sweet 
milk are the first essentials to making good bread. 
Flour should always "be sifted before measuring 
and if kept in a cold pantry, it should bs warmed 
before using. x».Iilk and water should also be 
warm. 

There are various ways of making l)read, with 
milk, water, potatoes, etc., but the tvv^o points, 
sweetness and lightness, remain always the chief 
consideiati(m. If milk is used, it should be scald- 
ed and cooled as this i)revents its souring. Ne.xt 
comes the mixing or vsponging of the bread. 
1'his is not a mere mixture, but an actual chemic- 
al combination, and as we cannot use v\'ater alone 
to eifect tliis, it must be supplemented by knead- 
ing, and thus comes our most im]:)ortant part. 

The excellence of bread dejjends much u])on its 
kneading, .First work the duugh in the pan un- 
til it h)ses part of its stickine-s, then Hour the 



II KKF.AD 

board thickly, flour the hands, take out the dou<j^h 
and knead rapidly and continuously by drawing 
the dough farthest from you over to the center, 
and pressing it down with the ball of the hand. 
Repeat this several times turning- the dough 
around until every part is thoroughlv and evenly 
kneaded. When you first begin the dough will be 
soft and sticky, but when you can knead it on an 
unfloured dry board, kneading may be discon- 
tinued. After this you set it away to rise. Give 
it time to fully expand, but be careful that the 
dough does not fall as it is then sour and cannot 
be restored to the original sweetness. 

Next comes the moulding. After the dough is 
very light, divide it carefully into loaves, knead 
lightly on the board until formed, place in well 
greased pans and set in a warm place to rise un- 
til double its bulk. 

Now comes the baking. Great care should be 
taken to have the oven just right. If you can 
hold your hand in the oven while counting twenty 
slowly, it is all right. The bread should be in 
the oven ten minutes before it begins to brown. 
Brush the tops of the loaves with butter before 
putting in to bake. This keeps the crust moist. 

POTATO YEAST NO. 1. 

Peel three or four medium sized potatoes. 
Grate them and add one tablespoonful of salt and 
one tablespoonful of sugar. Pour enough boiling 
water over the potatoes to thoroughly cook all 
the starch; when milk warm add either one dis- 
solved yeast cake or one cup of veast left over 
from the last time. 

Helen L. Waterman. 



BREAD 12 

POTATO YEAST NO. 2. 

Borrow one cup of yeast from vour neijjchbor. 
At nio^ht peel three larj^e potatoes and cook in 
one quart of water until tender. Mash them and 
add one tablespoonful of salt and two tablespoon - 
fuls of sugar. Pour the water in which they were 
cooked over them and let cool. Add the cup of 
yeast, cover, and let stand until morning". Keej^ 
out enouo-h to start with and set your bread with 
the rest. 

Mrs. Charles Nelson. 
HOT WEATHER YEAST 

2 jj^ood sized potatoes 

3 tablepoonfuls of su^^ar 
1 tablespoonful of salt 

1 yeast cake 
Grate the potatoes then add suyfar and salt and 
mix well. Add one pint of warm (not hot) water. 
Add yeast cake dissolved in a little water. Stir 
well and vSet to rise.^ One cup of yeast will make 
three larg^e loaves. 

Mrs. M. S. Priest. 
BREAD 

One cake compressed veast, two tablespoonfuls 
of sugar creamed together in a large bowl. Then 
add three cujjs of water or one-half milk and one- 
half water. Add three teaspoonfuls of salt. 
Then add warm Hour until just stiff enough to 
knead (generallv about three times as much Hour 
as li(|uid) then add two tablepoonfuls of melted 
shorteniuir. Place on well tloured board and 



13 BREAD 

knead until perfectly smooth and free from sticki- 
ness. Place in greased bowl and set in a warm 
place to rise. Keep the bread warm and let rise 
until twice its first bulk before making into 
loaves. 

Emma Barnktt. 
WHOLE WHEAT BREAD 

One cake compressed yeast and two table- 
spoonfuls of sugar creamed together. Add two 
cups warm water and stir. Then add two tea- 
spoonfuls of salt. Add w^hole wheat tlour until 
stiff enough to beat, but not stiff enough to 
knead. Add one tablevspoonful of shortening and 
beat about ten minutes, then grease the top, 
cover and set in warm place to rise. 

Emma Barnrtt. 
GOOD LIGHT BREAD 

Take one quart of wdieat bran, put it into 
warm water with a teaspooniui of salt and set 
in a warm place to rise. When light, strain 
through a cloth' to keej) out all the Oian. Put 
into a vessel with flour enough to make a sponge, 
add a small pinch of soda, one teas{)oonful f)f salt 
and one tablespoonful of sugar, let rise, then add 
flour to make dough. Knead well. When light 
mould into loaves, let rise and bake in a moder- 
eratelv hot oven. 

Mrs. N. J. Sloan 



BREAD 14 

GRAHAM YEAST BRKAD 

Mix at nio-ht two cups of water with one-half 
cake compressed yeast and enough white flour to 
make a thin batter, beating- five minutes with a 
vSpoon. Next morning add one small cup molavss- 
es, one teaspoonful soda, twoteaspoonfuls of salt 
and enough Graham flour to make a thin batter. 
Put in baking pans to rise. 

P. J. ALvSTP, Presno. 



Otb<ir Breads. 



RAISIN BRKAD 

Take a pound package of seeded raisins, pour 
boiling water over them and stir vigorously and 
dump into a colander. Pick out all stems and poor 
raisins and grind through a meat grinder. Have 
ycmr bread for four loaves sponged (us;ng any 
formula you choose) and ready to mould. Drop in 
your raisins and thoroughly incorporate with the 
dough, adding flour and kneading until elastic. 
Leave in the pan until light, then divide into loaves 
and let stand until light and bake. When you re- 
move from the oven, grease the crust with olive 
oil (Gower's). This bread is fine eaten with 
olive oil. Mrs. Amos Harris. 

SALT RISING BRKAD 

]4 pint new milk, corn nie:l to thicken. 
1 tablesi)oonl'ul sugar, 



15 15KEAD 

1 teasp(K)nful salt 

Pinch of soda. Flour 
Set the milk on the fire and heat to boilings. 
Remove and stir in corn meiil until as thick 
as thin mush. Keep .it in a warm place all 
nio'ht. In the morning" it will be lig-lit. Put the 
flour in a bowl (if cold, heat or slightly warm 
the hour) pour in the mush and mix \vith warm 
sweet milk and water, equal parts. Add the 
sugar, salt and soda. Mix a stiff batter, cover 
and keep warm. In an hour or two it will be 
lig-ht. Work in flour to make a stiff dough. Let 
it rivSe. Mould in loaves, put in greased ]jans, let 
rise and bake. 

MRvS. MaR(xARET TROWBRITKiK. 

SALT RISING LIGHT BRKAD 

Take one-half pint nevv-^ sweet milk. At night 
put on the lire and let come to scalding heat. 
Stir in corn meal to make a stiff batter. Set in 
a warm place over ni^^ht. Next morning put one- 
half pint warm water into the meal batter then 
stir in encnigh flour to make a moderatelv thick 
batter to which add one teaspoonful of sug"ar, set 
in a kettle of warm water, keep the water warm 
and in two hours your veast will be ready to 
make into bread. Sift one gallon of flour, a scant 
teaspoonful of salt, pour in vour veast, put in 
warm water to rinse all the veast out of vessel 
and pour it in with the veast. Work vour dough 
well, put in a Inicket, (I use a one-gallon tin 
bucket to raise bread in as it rises much better 
in a small deep vessel than where it is allowed to 
spread out so much) vset bucket back in water and 
keep covered. In one hour it will be ready to 



mould into loaves. Put on hoard, work well. 
Have your pans «j;-reased well with lard or butter, 
cut your loaves, roll them in butter which will 
keep them from ^ettin^ hard while risin<J-, set in 
a warm place and in half an hour it will bereadv 
to bake. Have your oven hot when puttin(>- in 
but let it cool down so the bread will not burn 
and let bake one hour with moderate heat. This 
will make three loaves. Mrs. N. J. Sloan. 

WHOLE WHEAT BREAD 

Scald one quart of whole w^heat flour with one 
(juart of boilin«>- water, pourin^fthe water on verv 
gradually that no lumps be formed. When this 
has cooled to luke warm, add one-half cup home 
made yeast or one-half cake compressed veast 
dissolved in a little luke warm water and leave to 
rise, carefully covered and kept in a warm room. 
When the ferment is li^ht which will be shown 
by its beintJ- a mass of white substance like sea- 
foam, rather than by haviny^ jjfreatly risen; add 
sufticient warm sifted flour to make a verv thick 
batter and having beaten it well, leave it to rise 
a^ain. When well risen and cracked over the 
to]) like "crazed" china, sufficient flour to make 
it of the proper consistency must be added and 
the dou,i^h thonrnj^rhj y kneaded. When the douj^-h 
clin«-s too-ether and works away from l^he sides of 
the bowl, encmo-h flour has been added. Bread 
should always be kneaded as soft as it can be 
handled and only sufficient tl(mr added to keep it 
from stickintr to the board. Mtmld into loaves, 
I>lace in l)read ]>ans and put in a warm place to 
rise. When risen to nearly double their size, put 
in the oven and let bake from one to one and one- 
hallhours. When done, remove from the pan 



17 BREAD 

and tilt on their edg'es so the air mav reach all 
sides and prevent sweating. When perfectly 
cold, wrap in a thick cloth and put into a bread 
tin. Mrs. Amos Harris. 

BROWN bre:ad 

1 cupful Graham or Rve flour, 

2 cupfuls corn meal (scanty), 
1 cupful molasvses, 

1 cupful sour milk, 

1 cupful boiling- water, 

2 teaspoonfuls of .soda, 

1 teaspoonful of salt. 

Pour the boiling water on to the corn meal. 
Put one spoonful of soda into the sour milk and 
one spoonful soda into the molasses. iVfter beat- 
ing these thoroughly, mix with the other in- 
gredients. Pour into a g^reased mould and steam 
three hours. Mrs. M. L. Parkhurst. 

BOSTON BROWN BREAD 

2 cupfuls Graham flour, 

1 cupful white flour, 

2 cupfuls corn meal, 
1 cupful molasses, 

1 egg, 

2 teaspoonfuls soda. 

Mix with water. Mrs. E. G. Chaddock. 

BOSTON STKAM BREAD 

1 pint Graham flour, 
1 cupful corn meal, 
1 cupful molasses, 



BREAD IS 

1 cui)fiil sour milk, 
1 cupful sweet milk, 
1 teaspoonful soda, 

1 teas]:)()()nful salt. 
Steam three hours. 

Mrs. Kdwin W. Brum ton. 
BOILKD BROWN BRKAD 

2 cupful s cornmeal, 

1 cupful (jraham Hour, 

1 cupful molasses, 

2 cupfuls sweet milk, 
1 cupful sour milk, 

1 teaspoonful soda, 

1 teaspoonful salt. 
Dissolve the soda in the sour milk and stir all 
until a smooth batter. Put in a buttered tin boiler, 
coyer tij^ditly and set in a covered iron kettle to 
boil two and one-half hours, addino- water asnec- 
^^^^•ii'.v- MRvS. Edwin (^owkk. 

CORN BREAD 

1 teacu])ful yellow corn meal, 

2 teacupfuls wheat iiour. 
Yi jiint sweet milk. 

/^ teacupful sus^j-ar. 

3 e^^ors. 

2 oz. butter, 

2 teasj)oonfuls bakin.^^ powder. 
Mix the meal, flour, butter and suo-ar. Put the 
bakino- powder into the flour first. Drop the 
yolks of ecro-s into this. Let the milk boil and 
p()ur over it slowly. Beat whites of e^'-j^^s to a 
slilt fn.th. Add to the mixture stirrino- verv 



19 BKEAD 

lightl}'. Bake ill quick oven. KlinoreStouT. 

CORN BRKAD, (soft) 

1 teacupful small hominy, boil until soft. Add 
two teacupfuls of white corn meal and butter the 
size of an egg. One quart boiled milk. When 
cool add three well beaten eggs and three tea- 
spoonfuls of baking powder. Bake for one-half 
hour. Kmma Barnktt. 

CORN CAKE 

2 cupfuls sour milk, 

1 level teaspoonful soda, 

1 teaspoonful syrujj, 

lj4 cupfuls corn meal, 

}4 cupful flour, 

1 egg, a little salt, 

1 tablespoonful shortening. 

Kmma Barnktt. 

GRAHAM BRKAD NO. 1 

1 pint thick sour milk, 
1 teaspoonful soda, 

3 large cooking spoonfuls molasses, 
A pinch of salt, 

1 quart sifted Graham flour. 

Stir until smooth. Bake in large bread pan for 
about forty minutes. Tabitha C. Harris. 

GRAHAM BRKAD No. 2 

3^ cupful sugar, 
Lump of butter size of an egg, 

2 cupfuls sour milk or butter milk. 



BREAD 20 

2 teasjjoonfuls soda, 

1 teaspoonfu] salt, 

2 cupfiils Graham fioiir, 
1 cupful wheat flour, 

Mix stiff with a spoon. 

]\Irs. Kdwin W. Brixton. 
RICK BRKAD 

Two lari^e tablespoonfuls rice that has been 
thoroug-hly cooked, 

1 cupful sweet milk, 

2 e<^''o"s 

A IMe salt, 

Butter, half the size of an e^^, 

1 cupful flour, 

^2 teas])oonf ul bakino- powder, 
Beat the yolks and whites of the eg-gSvSeparate- 
ly and add the whites the last thino-. Sour milk 
with one-half teaspoonful soda is just as good as 
sweet milk and baking- powder. Pour into butter- 
ed tin to thickness of one inch and bake, 

Mrs. Norris. 

SIMPLE GRAHAM BREAD 

1 large cupful bread dough, 

2 cu])luls warm water, 

1 small cupful molasses, 

1 round teas])oonful soda. 

A little salt. 
l\Iix the soda with the molasses; mix all together 
adding sufficient (iraham flour to make a stiff bat- 
ter. Put into baking ])an to n-ise. 

Mrs. K. G. Ciiaddock. 



21 BREAD 

SCALDKD CORN CAKK 

1 pint milk, 

1 cupful corn meal, 

1 teaspoonful salt, 

3 tablespoonfuLs of shortening, 

3 egg's, (or fcmr small ones, ) yolks and 

whites beaten separatel3\ 
Scald the milk, (use double boiler. ) Then scatter 
in the corn meal and salt and stir until smooth. 
Mix in the shortening and beat up the yolks of 
the eggs and stir them in. Beat up the whites of 
the eggs to a very vstiff froth (with a little salt) 
and fold them into the corn meal mixture. Pour 
into a hot well greased pan (about one-half full) 
and bake in a moderately hot oven about twenty - 
five minutes. Kmma Barnett. 

STEAMED BROWN BREAD 

3 cupful s Graham flour, 
1 cupful corn meal, 

1 cupful syrup or molasses, 
3 cupfuls buttermilk, 

2 level teaspoonfuls soda, 
1 teaspoonful salt. 

Butter baking powder cans or any other cans, 
put holes in lids and fill two-thirds full. Steam 
three to five hours. Mrs. Pkici-:. 

SCOTCH BREAD 

8 oz. flour, 

1 pound butter, 

% pound sugar, 

l4 teasj)(M)nful (scant) l)aking powder. 



BRRAD 22 

Put all on table and knead toj^'ether, j^radiially 
workinj;>- in butter and flour, kneadin^j^ well and 
keepin^iif the lump firm in both hands. When all 
is worked up into a stiff paste, cut into two pieces 
and make into round cakes about one-half inch 
thick, pinch the edjj^es and bake in a slow oven 
until a nice brown. The time depends on the 
thickness of the cakes, from one-fourth to one- 
half hour. Prick all over with a fork before putt- 
m^ in the oven. Mrs. Adam Wilson. 

EGG BREAD 

3 eo;-o-s, beaten lii^-ht, 

1 pint corn meal, 

^ cupful flour, 

1 pint luitter milk, 

1 ])int sweet milk, 

/2 teaspoonful soda. Miss BowLKs. 

BAKING POWDKR BISCUIT 

1 quart flour, 

3 teaspoonfuls bakins^ ])()\vder, 
A little salt, 
Sift toi^ether, work in butter size of an e^i;- and 
add sweet milk enoui^h to make a soft douo-ji. 

Mrs. Ciiarlf:s WiLi.iA^rs. 

BREAKFAST PUFFS 

1 cupful of sweet milk. 

1 cu]:)ful flour, 
1 teaspoonful salt. 
Beat to^^ether, put into iron ovni |)ans which 



23 BREAD 

have been heated and greased, and bake in a (juiok 
oven. Mary J. Hallock, Madison, Wis. 

BATTER BREAD 

Small cupful scalded meal, 
1 egg well beaten, 
yi teaspoonful sugar, 
A little salt, 

1 teaspoonful baking powder. 
Butter size of an egg. 
Melt butter in pan and pour in the mixture. 
Bake in a hot oven. Mrs. Nkyins. 

CRACKER GRIDDLE CAKES 

1 quart sweet milk, 

1 egg, well beaten, 

A little salt, 

1 cup flour. 
Roll fresh soda crackers enough to finish the 
thickening. If the crackers are fresh, the cakes 
will be very light, if they are not, a teaspoonful 
of baking powder may be added. Bake on a hot 
griddle. Mrs. Nf:llie Os(iOOD, 

Oakland. 

CREx\M BISCUIT 

1 quart flour, 

1 cup sour cream, 

1 cup sour milk, 

3 teaspoonful s cream of tartar, 

2 teaspoonful s soda, 
1 teaspoonful salt. 

Mix flour, cream of tartar, soda and salt all to- 



BREAD 24 

^^ether and sift, add the milk and cream, handle 
the douj^rh as little as possible and bake in a hot 
^^ven. Mrs. Pred Nklson. 

FRENCH PANCAKES 

2 tablespoonfiils butter, 

3 or more tablespoonfiils suo-ar. 
3 e^g-s well beaten, 

12 tablespoonfiils flour into which has been 
put two teaspoonfuls of bakin.i^- powder, 
1 pint of milk. 
Beat butter and suj^'-ar together, adding- e^^-^^s, 
milk and lastly, flour. Bake for about half an 
hour servinof hot with any sort of sauce, jam or 
i;^olden syrup. Lard can be substituted for butter 
and water for milk. Miss Camkr()N. 

(tEMSNO. 1 

1 teaspoonful suo-ar, 

1 >2 cupfuls sweet milk, 

2 tablespoonfuls butter, 

3 teaspoonfuls bakin^^ i)()wder. 
2/''2 cups flour. 

Beat well, have your ^^mu jjan hot and buttered 
and bake in a (piick oven. 

Mrs. Gowkr. 
(;EMS no. 2 

1 cupful cream, 

2 cuj)fuls sifted flour. 

2 teaspoonfuls bakin;^ ])owder. 



25 BREAD 

5^ teaspoonful salt. 
Beat the egg well in yovir mixing bowl, add 
cream, sifted flour and salt. Beat well, then add 
baking powder, beat a little more and bake in hot 
gem pans in a quick oven. Mrs. Mardkm. 

GRAHAM (^KMS 

3 cupfuls Graham flour, 
2 cupfuls sour milk, 

1 teaspoonful soda, 

1 tablespoonful sugar, 

1 teaspoonful salt, 

1 egg. F. J. Alsip, Fresno. 

. MUFFINS 

1 pint sour milk, 
1 teaspoonful soda, 

1 teaspoonful salt. 

Flour to make a thick batter. 
Drop from a spoon into hot greased gem pans 
and bake in a quick oven. 

Mrs. M. L. Parkhurst. 
MUFFINS, (Rice) 

2 cupfuls cold rice, 

4 cupfuls flour, 

4 teaspoonfuls baking ])ow(ler, 

1 teaspoonful salt, 

1 tablespoonful sugar, 

2j4 cupfuls milk. 

F.J. Alsip, Fresno. 



BKEAD 26 

PAN CAKEvS 

One quart sour milk; mix with flour to make a 
thick batter at iii^^^ht. In the morning add two 
heapinj^i" teaspoon! uls of .soda and one teaspoonful 
of salt. Beat until ver\' lig-ht and smooth and f r}'- 
on hot griddle. Mrs. M. L. ParkhursT. 

PAKKKR HOUSE ROLLS 

1 yeast cake. 

1 (]uart fresh milk. 

2 tablespoonfuls sugar, 
1 teas])oonful salt, 
Butter size of an egg. 

Heat butter and milk together and set awav to 
cool. Soak yeast cake and with flour make a light 
sponge as for bread, adding sugar and .salt. Set 
to rise over night in a warm place. In the morn- 
ing mix the same as for bread, kneading fifteen 
minutes, set to rise and when light make into 
rolls. Mrs. RoitKrs, Ragan, Neb. 

POCKET BOOKS 

1 quart bread dough, 

1 tablespoonful lard, 

2 eggs beaten light. 

Work the eggs and lard into the dough, using 
flour enough to keep the mixture stiff. Work well 
and let rise. An hour before baking roll out thin, 
sprinkle on a tablespoonful sugar and a ver\' little 
soda. Work well again. Roll thin, brush the 
surface thoroughly with melted butter. Cut them 
larger than biscuits, fold over, ])ut in pansandlet 
rise again. Hake (piicklv. 

}xIks. Charijvs \ViLL[A>[S. 



27 BREAD 

POP UPS 

1 cupful tloiir, 
/4 cupful milk, 
y2 cupful water, 
1 egg", 

A little salt. 
Put in smokino' hot gem pans and l)akc in a 
quick oven. Mrs. Pkick. 

POTATO PANCAKES 

Take six large raw potatoes. Peel, gyrate and 
pour off what water may be collected. Stir in two 
large tablespoonfuls flour, one-half spoonful of 
lard and two well beaten eggs. Pry in hot lard. 

MRvS. E. LitsiUvS, San Francisco. 
OUKKN OF MUFFINS 

'4 cu])iul of shortening" creamed, 

, ^^ x 1 ,- beaten together 

'4 cupful sugar, \ ^ 

Add to the creamed shortening and mix well 

together. Sift one and one-half cupfuls flour with 

two and one-half teaspoonfuls of baking powder. 

Add one-half teaspoonful of salt. Mix this with 

the egg mixture alternately with one-half cupful 

of milk. Beat smooth. Bake about fifteen or 

twenty minutes. PvMMA BarnETT. 

RUSK 

1 pint of dough, 
1 cupful sugar. 

1 cupful sweet milk. 

2 eggs. 



BREAD 



28 



Mix and let rise, then mould into cakes the si;je 
of an eg-^- and jjlace very near to^^ether on a tin. 
When risen aj^-ain, bake in a hot oven about fif- 
teen minutes. Mrs. M. L. Parkhurst. 

SALLY LUNN 

1 teacupful sutrar, 

1 teacupful butter, 

] teacupful yeast, 

1 pint milk, 

5 ejj-j^-s. 
Make a thick batter and let it rise, then put on 
tins like biscuit and let it rise a^'ain about twenty 
minutes, then bake. 

Mrs. M. L. Parkhurst. 

SHKARING BUNS 

(A Nantucket Recipe.) 

Boil one pint of milk, remove from the fire and 
put into it four ounces of butter. When cooled 
to blood warm, add two-thirds of a cupful of 
yeast, a little salt and Hour to make a thick bat- 
ter. Set this to rise over ni^ht. In the morniuir 
work in two beaten ej^^^s, a cupful of su^^ar, a 
handful of currants and flour to make it stiff 
eni)U,i,^h to mould. Set it to rise a^-ain and when 
well risen, make into cakes with vour hands. Lav 
close tojrether in a pan and let them rise until 
very lijjfht. Bake to a light brown. Take from 
the oven and while still hot brush over the tons 
with a little suo-ar and milk. Seeded raisins mav 
be used instead of currants. Mrs. Ti'RXKR. 



29 BREAD 

SPOON BISCUIT 

2 cupful s Hour, 

1 larg"e tablespoonful of lard, 

1 teaspoonful salt, 

2 heaping teaspoonfuls baking powder, 
Water enough to make a batter soft enoug'h 
to drop from spoon. 

Drop into well greavsed gem pans and l)ake in 
a hot oven. Do not use hands in mixing. 

Mrs. Charles Nklson. 
SOUTHERN CORN MUFFINS 

Yi cupful corn meal, 
^ cupful l)oiled rice, 
Yi cu])ful flour, 
V2 teaspoonful salt, 
% cupful sugar, 

3 teaspoonfuls baking powder, 
% cupful scalded sweet milk, 

1 tablespoonful melted butter. 
Scald the milk and pour it on the corn meal. 
Then add the rice and flour (sifted with baking- 
powder and salt twice) the sugar and the yolks 
of the eggs beaten until light. Beat the batter 
until smooth and add the melted butter. Beat 
the white of ^^^ very stift' and fold in the last 
thing. Pour into hot well greased gem ]>ans 
about one-half full or in one large pan. 

Fmma Barnp:tt. 
WHOLE WHEAT MUFFINS 

% cake com])ressed veast, 
V2 pint milk, 



BREAD 30 

3 cii})fii]s whole wheat Hour, 
2 eg-^^s. 

Dissolve the yeast in the one-half pint of milk 
and add a sufficient quantity of rich milk to make 
a pint. Stir into it the three cupful s of flour and 
set in a warm place to rise. When li^v-ht as foam 
vStir in the two e.o'c^s well beaten and turn into o^eni 
irons or muffin rint^-s, fflling- them only half full. 
Let them rise until very light and bake in a quick 
oven. MRvS. Amos Harris. 

WAFPLKS 

1 i)int sour milk, 
1 (juart flour, 

4 tablespoonfuls melted butter. 

Mix the flour and sour milk and butter to^^^ether 
about noon, if wanted for tea. At tea time add 
a teas])oonful of soda, then the two es^-jj-s beaten 
very li|4'ht and a little salt. Cook quickly in well 
greased hot waffle irons. 

Mrs. M. L. Parkhurst. 

WAFFLES (Rice) 

^2 i)int rice, 
^4 pound butter, 
A little salt, 
lyz pints Hour, 

1 (|uart milk, 
lioil the rice and let it get cold. Mix with it 
the butter and salt and stir in the flour. Beat the 
eggs, whites and yolks se})arately, add the volks 
together with the milk, lastly the well beaten 
whites and bake at once in waffle irons. 

r^lKS. (i<)Wi:iv'. 



Soup. 



Mrs. J. P. Duff. 



"The fiiiio'i is a homely plant, 
As rank as most thut grr.ws, 
And yet it t)eats, to mix with soup, 
The lilv or the rose." 



While the meiking' of a soup is a simple erou^h 
process and seemint^ly requires little of either art 
or experience, the soups we often meet in public 
places teach us that not all soups are either de- 
sirable or palatable and to make a |)alatable, nu- 
tritious and healthful soup with the proper com- 
ming'ling" of flavors, requires some experience and 
no little study. 

The best base is always lean uncooked meat — 
fresh is the best — a pound of meat to a quart of 
water, is a good rule. For white soups veal or 
fowl must be used. 

STOCK 

Take four pounds of lean meat, the inferior 
parts are just as good, or a cracked shin bone. 
After washing, place in a kettle with four quarts 
of cold w^ater. Let it cook slowly at flrst and 
skim carefully just before it boils. Add salt and 
simmer gently for five or six hours closelv cover- 
ed, then set away to cool. The next da}' remove 
the fat which has hardened on top (save it for 
drippings) and after straining you will have a 
good rich stock from which a g^reat variety of 
different kinds of soup may be made according to 



SOUP 32 

the different flavors and seasonin^^s you may 
choose to use. If soup is required daily, a soup 
stock kettle is an indispensable article and indeed 
every thrifty and economical house-wife will have 
her soup kettle at hand, for into this kettle may 
be put the remains of yesterday's roast, the trim- 
minyrs and undesirable ends of the beef steaks and 
the bones. We do not advise using pieces ol pork 
or mutton, beef alone is better — of course addinj^ 
water a^^ain as new material goes in. Quite often 
too, it will'be necessary to empty the kettle, wash 
clean and begin again. 

A plain, simple soup may have only pepper and 
salt for seasoning, while a very rich soup may 
have a dozen different savors so delicately blend- 
ed that no one is noticea*l)le and herein lies the 
art. Thvme, summersavory, mint, sweet marjo- 
ram, parsley, celery, cloves and tarragon are a 
few of the delectable savors much sought after 
by the experienced cook. Rice, sago, vermicelli 
and macaroni are all valuable in making the desir- 
ed varietv of soups. When either of the is used, 
it is advisable to partially cook it before putting 
into the soup as the stock you use is already 
cooked and requires only to be heated and then 
added in proper quantities to the other ingre 
ents. 

AMBER SOUP 

1 gallon water. 

A large soup bone, 

A chicken, 

A small slice of liaiii. 

An onion, 

Vz small carrot, 

14 a parsnij:). 



33 SOUP 

A piece of celery, 

3 cloves, 

Salt and pepper, 

Two eggs, the whites and shells only, 

A little caramel for coloring. 
Boil the meats slowly for five hours. Add the 
vegetables and cloves the last hour — having first 
fried the onion in a little fat. Strain the soup 
into an earthen dish and let remain over night. 
Next day remove fat from top, take oyt the jelly, 
scrape off any settlings that may be on the bot- 
tom and mix into it the beaten whites and shells 
of the eggs. Boil quickly for a half minute, then 
press through a jelly bag. When ready to serve 
add a large tablespoonful of caramel. 

MRvS. M. S. Chapman. 
ASPARAGUS SOUP 

Cut fine enough tender aspciragus to make a 
pint; cover with water, add a little salt and cook 
until very tender. When done, add one table- 
spoonful of flour and two of butter creamed to- 
gether and when it has boiled up once, add one 
cjuart of rich hot milk. Season to taste and serve 
hot. Mrs. Turnkr. 

BP:AN S( )UP 

Boil A pint of beans in two (juarts of water un- 
til they are very tender — three or four hours. 
Strain through a colander, add a pint of milk 
(cream is better) salt and pepper to taste and set 
on stove again until hot, then serve. 

Mrs. M. L. Parkhtrst. 



SOUP 34 

CRKAM OF CKLKRY SOUP 

1 pint milk, 

1 tablespoonful butter, 

Larg'e slice of onion, 

1 tablespoonful Hour, 

Small piece of mace. 
Boil the celery in one pint of water from thirty 
to forty-live minutes. Boil the milk, onion and 
mace toi^ether and thicken with the flour. Mash 
the celery in the water it is boiled in. Bring the 
whole to a boil, strain and serve. 

MRvS. Duff. 

CHICKEN S(.)UP 

Take an old chicken or you mav use the re- 
mains of a roast chicken. Put all in a kettle, 
cover with three quarts of water and Ijoil. To this 
you may add two spoonfuls of rice. When the 
chicken is well done, skim out the bones and meat, 
add salt and ]:)e]jper, just a taste of nutme^^ and 
(>nt-half cu])ful of cream. CoRNKLIA. 

CLAM S( )UP 

Take a can ol j^^'ood clams, turn off the li(juor 
and boil, addinj4"a tablespoonful each of butter and 
flour rubbed together until smooth. Stir until it 
boils, then add the chopped clams. Season with 
a little salt and j>e]>per, a little lemon juice and a 
taste of nutmeg. Boll over a slow fire one hour. 
When readv to serve, add a cupful of hot cream. 

M. L. P. 



35 SOW 

DRIED PEA SOUP 

One-half pound of peas in three quarts of 
water. Boil six hours with a moderate fire, being- 
careful not to scorch. Twenty minutes before 
serving, add salt and pepper to taste and one 
pound of Frankfurter sausag^es. 

Mrs. AvSbtjry. 

EGG SOUP 

4 eggs, 

2 quarts of stock, 

1 tablespO(mful flour. 
Beat up the flour in a teaspoonful of stock or 
water. Have the stock boiling- and throw in the 
eggs, stirring constantlv. Simmer for fifteen min- 
utes, then serve. Mrs. Chambers. 

FISH SOUP 

Eish stock when j)roperlv seasoned is excellent. 
To make it, put into a kettle a t^blespoonful of 
butter or drippings, a tablespoonful of chopped 
onion, carrot and turnip. Fry, but do not brown, 
then add the head of a fish and the bones and 
trimming-s, some pieces of celery stalk, a little 
thyme and parslev and a slice of onion. Cover 
with w^ater and simmer about one hour, long-er 
will do no harm. Rub together a tablespoonful 
each of flour and butter and add a cupful of milk 
or cream. This will be sufticient for one pint of 
fish stock. If you have a larger amount, double 
the cream and flour which furnish thebodv of the 
soup. Mrs. Di;ff. 

MOCK BISQUE SOUP 

1 can tomatoes. 



SOUP 36 

3 pints of milk. 
Put the tomatoes oil to stew. When hot, strain 
through a sieve. Put back on the stove and add 
a ])inch of soda. When throug-h foaming-, add 
the milk, salt and pepper to taste. When at the 
boiling point, addone tablepoonful of Hour mixed 
with one tablespoonful of butter. Boil up once 
and serve. HELEN L. WATERMAN. 

MILK TOMATO SOUP 

Place two quarts of milk in a double boiler 
and bring to a boil. Boi-1 one pint of tomatoes 
in a stew pan. Add half a teasi)oonful of soda 
and after a minute take off and strain. Pour 
juice into the boiling milk and add pepper, salt, 
and butter the size of a walnut. 

Mrs. L. DAHL(iREN. 
NOODLK SOUP 

Use chicken, beef or veal. Cook meat as for 
liny other sou]:). Season with pepper and salt. 
Five minutes Ijefore serving add the noodles made 
as follows: 

Add to three well beaten eggs Hour enough to 
make a stiff dough. Roll out very thin in two or 
three cakes. When dry, roll up very tight and 
slice very fine. Shake them a])art and boil in 
the soup five minutes. MRvS. IManlEY. 

OKRA SOUP 

2 (juarts of soup stock, 
1 dozen okra, 
1 small potato, 
1 small s< plash. 



37 SOUP 

1 pod of g-recn peppers. 
Slice the vegetables and add to the stock. 
Boil twenty to thirty minutes. 

Mrs. Jordan Young. 

ONION SOUP 

5 or 6 medium si^ed onions, 
1 tablespoonful of butter, 
1 lump of sugar, 

1 teaspoonful of iiour, 
Salt, 

2 ([uarts of boiling water. 

Chop the oni<ms and put into a sauce-pan with 
the butter, sugar and a little salt. Turn about 
until a light l)rown; sprinkle over a teaspoonful 
of flour. Two minutes after pour (^ver the boil- 
ing water. Move to the side of the Are and cook 
fifteen minutes. Toast some bread sprinkled with 
grated Swiss or Parmesan checvse and lay in the 
tureen, pouring the soup over it. 

Mrs. M. M. Collins. 

PHILADKLPHIA PEPPKR P( )T 

Put two pounds of tri])e and four calves teet in- 
to the soup ])ot and cover with cold water. Add 
a red pepper and boil covered closely until the 
calves feet are very tender. Take out the meat, 
skim the liquid, stir it, cut the tripe into small 
pieces and put it back into the licpiid. If there is 
not enough liquid, add boiling water and half a 
teaspoonful of sweet marjoram, sweet basil and 
thyme, two sliced onions, sliced potatoes and 
salt. When the vegetables have boiled until al- 
most tender, add a piece of butter rolled in Hour, 



SOUP 38 

drop in some ej^i^ balls and boil lifteen minutes 
more, then take out and serve. 

Mrs. T. Williams. 
PUREK OP PPAS 

1 ])int fresh o-reen peas, 

1 pint water. 
Boil twenty minutes, press throuo-h a sieve, add 
a quart of stock, season with salt, pepper and a 
touch of thyme, add a cupful of cream. When 
quite hot serve. M. L. P. 

RAISIN PORRIDGK 

Drop into two quarts of boiling- water a pint 
of carefully washed raisins. Let boil two hours. 
Skim out the raisins and rub throui^h a colander 
to remove seeds. Put back into the pot, add a 
pinch of salt and a tablespoonful of whole wheat 
flour braided with cold water. Let it boil live 
minutes, then stir in a pint of milk and set in a 
basin of hot water to prevent burninj;^. Cover 
closely and leave where it will keep hot until 
ready to use. Mrs, x\mos Harris. 

T(3MAT() SOUP 

1 (juart of tomatoes, 

1 pint of stock, (water will do), 

1 (juart of milk or cream, 

1 teas]joonful of soda. 
Boil tomatoes until well done, then strain 
throu<^h a sieve. Put on stove and add soda and 
the other inj^redients — cream last, lielore it boils 



39 SOUP 

rfiiiove from the lire and vserve immediately. 

LuLA M. Duff. 

VEGKTABLK SOUP 

^^H of a small cabbasJ^e, 

1 carrot, 

1 potato, 

1 small onion, 

1 a])])le. 

1 turni]), 

2 stalks of tender celerv, 
1 tomato, 

1 o-reen pepper. 
Chop the vegetables line and add three pints of 
water and one cup of ground walnuts. Boil two 
or three hours, season with salt and pepper and 
serve hot. Mrs. Turner. 

WHITK ALMOND SOUP 

A shank of veal, 
1 carrot, 

1 ii'ood sized onion, 
A piece of celerv, 

2 cloves. 

Place the veal in five quarts of water and boil 
down to four quarts. Add the other inuTedients 
and boil one half hour. Take out of kettle and 
set away until next dav. When vouwish to serve, 
add two ounces of chopped almonds and a pint of 
cream. Heat to boiling" j>oint. 

Mrs. C. L. Atwo(jd. 

WHITK POTATO SOUP 
Into a cujiful of mashed potatoes work a [)intof 



SOUP 40 

hot milk and a tablespoonful of butter. Cook to- 
gether a tal^lespoonfu] each of butter and flour 
and pour upon them a pint of rich milk When 
thick and smooth, pour this into the potato puree; 
stir until scaldino- hot, season with pepper and 
l)Our j^'-radually upon a beaten e^g-. Serve at once. 

Mrs. Turner. 

KGG BALLS KOR PHILADKLPmA 
PEPPKR POT 



Take the yolks of six hard boiled e^^-s and half 
a tablespoonful of flour. Rub them smooth with 
the yolks of two raw e^^-o-s and a teaspoonful of 
salt; mix all well together; make it into balls and 
drop them in the boiling- soup a few minutes be- 
fore takino; it up. Mrs. Tom Williams. 

CRKAM OF SPINACH SOUP 

Lake the water in which you have boiled a leg 
of mutton. After all the fat has been removed 
and about an hour before dinner time, put in a 
sliced onion, a bay leaf and an ounce of bacon and 
jHit o\-er the fire to simmer gently for half an 
hour; then add a quart of spinach that has been 
mashed and drained. Let this boil rai)idlv for 
ten minutes. Do not cover or the spinach will 
lose its color. Then press through a tine thieve 
and return to the kettle. Add a pint of cream 
and salt and pepper to taste. Moisten two table- 
spcxmfuls of arrow root in a little cold water; 
stir it into the boiling soup and it is readv to 
serve. This will make a delicious soup of a deli- 
cate green color. M. L. P. 



Tish. 



Miss Kmma Barnictt. 



"Mmsut, I iniirvel lidw tlie fishes live in the sea." 
"W h\ lis men do aland, the Kieat ones eat u]) the little ones." 

Peric-les. 



Kxceptini^" salmon, fish is much more easily di- 
gested than meats but not so nutritious. Fish to 
be good, must be fresh, the fresher the better. A 
fresh fish will have bright eyes and shinv vscales 
and when in season will boil white and curdy; but 
when out of season, the muscles will look trans- 
parent and bluish although thoroughly cooked. 

Do not use too much water when cleaning tish, 
only what water is really necessary, then drain, 
wipe drv and place on ice until ready to cook. 
Sprinkle fresh-water fish with salt and let stand 
several hours or over night, then rinse, drv thor- 
oughly and cook. Never soak fresh-water fish 
except wdien thev are frozen; then place them in 
ice water to thaw and cook immediately. Salt 
fish may be soaked over night in cold water. Al- 
wa3\s place it skin side up so that the salt may go 
down to the bottom of the ])an. 

In boiling fish, allow from five to ten minutes 
to the pound after putting into the boiling water. 
To test, pae^s a knife along the bone and if done, 
the fiv^h will separate easilv. When boiling fish, 
always add a little salt and vinegar to the water 
and fish will be more nutritious. Plunge fish in- 
to boil in p- water, then set where It will simmer 



FISH 42 

g-ently until done. Put salmon into tc-])id water 
to retain its color. 

Fish should always be well done and should be 
served very hot. Serve fresh tish with squash 
and trreen peas; salt fish with beets and carrots; 
salt pork, potatoes and parsnips with either. 
Garnishes for fish are parsley, sliced beets, fried 
smelts and lobster coral. 

BOILED HALIBUT 

3 pounds of fish, 
1 onion, 
1 carrot, 

1 tablespoonful of salt, 

2 tablespoonfuls of vinej^'ar. 

Put fish into a sauce-pan and cover it with 
Iresh water; add the other ing-redients, hiving 
the onion and carrot sliced. Cover the pan and 
cook about five minutes after the w^ater begins to 
boil. Remove the fish, drain well and serve with 
drawn butter-sauce. Emma Barnp:tt. 

HALIBUT STEAKS, BAKED 

,Lay some thick halibut steaks into a baking 
pan and cover wnth a dressing made of one cuj)- 
lul of crumbs, one tablespoonful of butter, a tea- 
spoontul of onion juice and a teaspoonful of 
minced parsely with a bit of salt, pepper and ca\- 
enne. ^lake layer of dressing about an inch thick 
and cover with another steak; pour a tablesp(K)n- 
iul ot vinegar over it and sprinkle with salt, pep- 
})er and bread crumbs. Then cowv with bits of 
butter and haki- until wi-11 done. 

K.M.MA BAKv\i:'n\ 



43 FiSH 

BAKJBD FISH, NO. 1 

Split the fish down the back-bone and lay in a 
dripping pan; vsprinkle with salt and pepper and 
bits of butter and pour over it sweet milk until it 
nearly covers the fish. Bake three-quarters of 
an hour, basting" two or three times. 

Mrs. Amos Harris. 

BAKED FISH, NO. 2 

Take the halibut or salmon left from yester- 
day's dinner. Put a laver of this shredded fish 
in a baking" pan and cover with a white sauce 
made bv boiling together one pint of milk and one 
quarter pound of flour. When cool, add two eggs 
and one-half cup of butter. Cover fish with this 
dressing, putting more bread crumbs on top and 
bake one-half hour. 

FISH TURBOT 

Four pounds olbicore or barracuda, boiled or 
baked; remove the bones. Cook in a double boiler 
one quart of milk, three vslices of onion, a little 
sage and salt; thicken it with four heaping table- 
spoonfuls of flour when it is near boiling and add 
two heaping teaspoonfuls of butter and two eggs 
well beaten. Put in an earthen baking dish a 
layer of iish and then a layer of fdling. Dust with 
cracker crumbs and lumps of butter. Bake half 
an hour. Mrs. Amos Harris. 

SALMON, BAKFD 

2 slices of salmon, 
% pound of butter. 



FISH 44 

3^2 teaspoonfiil of chopped parsley, 
Salt and pepper to taste. 
Lay the salmon in a baking- dish, place pieces 
of butter over it and the other ing^redients, rub- 
bing- a little of the vseasoning into the fivsh. Place 
in the oven and baste it frequently. When done, 
take it out and drain for a minute or two, lay it 
in a dish, pour tomato sauce over it and serve. 

Mrs. W. K. Marden. 

FRESH SALMON, BAKED 

Place in a baking- pan two or three thin slices 
of bacon, so arranged that the fish may not touch 
the pan. Place the fish on these pieces of bacon; 
sjirinkle with salt, pepper and a little flour. If 
about three pounds of fish is used, one-half hour 
will bake it in a well heated oven. Choose a tail 
piece if you have a choice. 

M. L. Parkhurst. 

SCALLOPED SALMON 

Take cold boiled salmon or one can of canned 
salmon; pick out all pieces of skin and bone. Ar- 
range nicely in a small pan and strew a few bread 
or cracker crumbs over the top. Cover with a 
good drawn luitter sauce and bake until a nice 
brown (m top. HiCLKN L. Watkrman. 

SALMON CREAMS 

Use one can of salmon or purchase one ])ound 
of fresh salmon. Remove bones and skin and then 
rub and pound the fish to a smooth paste. Add 
twelve almonds chopped fine, one teaspoonful of 
onion juice, one teas])oonful of salt, and half a tea- 



45 FISH 

spoonful of white ])ep])er. Mix and add jj-radu- 
allv the unbeaten whites of three et^^s. Then 
carefully stir in a half pint of cream whipped to a 
stiff froth. Fill into timbale moulds; stand thevSe 
in a bakint{ pan of boiling- water and cook in a 
moderately oven for twenty minutes. Turn on a 
heated jilatter and serve with sauce Hollandaise, 
which may be made by rubbing together two 
tablespoonfuls of flour and two of butter. Add 
gradually one pint of boiling water and stir a 
moment over the fire. Take from the fire and add 
carefully another tablespoonful of butter, the 
yolks of four eggs and two tablespoonfuls of tarr- 
agon vinegar. Strain and add a tablespoonful of 
chopped parsley. Mrs. AmosHarkis. 

CRKAM SALM()N, NO. 1 

1 can salmon, 

2 eggs, 

2 tablespoonfuls cream. 

Seasoning to taste. 
Drain salmon, sej^arate with fork removing- all 
bone and skin; add the eggs 1)eaten light; cream 
and seasoning. Mix well and put in g^reased bak- 
ing dish and bake twenty minutes in moderately 
quick oven. Serve with potato balls and cream 
sauce made as follows : <me tablespoonful each of 
butter and flour and one cupful of cream (milk 
will do). Melt the butter, rub in flour until 
smooth and add the cu]) of cream. 

Mrs. Manlky. 

CREAM SALMON, NO. 2 

Take the contents of a ])intcan of salmon. Re- 
move all l)its of skin and l)one, drain off the fluid 



Fisn 46 

and mince line. For sauce, boil one pint of sweet 
milk, thicken with two tablcvspoonfuls of corn 
starch and add two tablespoonfuls of -butter, pep- 
per and salt to taste. Prepare a pint of bread 
crumbs, put a thin la3"er of crumbs in a pudding- 
dish; then a la\'er of fish, then one of sauce and so 
on endinj;^- with crumbs. Bake a nice brown. 

Mrs. M. E. Hoffman. 

SALMON LOAF 

1 can salmon, 

4 pcrcrs 

Yi cup grated bread crumbs, 
4 tablespoonfuls melted butter, 
^2 teaspoonful pe])per. 
Drain off the oil, remove skin and bones and 
chop fine. Add to this the yolks of the eg-g^s well 
beaten, and the other ingredients, adding a little 
chopped parsley. Lastly add the whites well 
beaten. Bake in a buttered dish one-half hour. 
DRKSSINCx,— Take the juice of the salmon 
and one tablespoonful flour. Cook until thick. 
Add (me well beaten esfsf. Pour over the loaf. 



-^^^^• 



vSALMON CROOUFTTKS 

1 can salmon, 
Juice of one lemon, 
Se^ro^s, 

Salt and cayennt- jjepper, 
Worcestershire sauce to taste. 
Make into crocjuettes, usinj^' a little Hour, and 
fr\- in liot lard. 

SALMON OMKLKTTE 

■^ (•(>■()•'«; 



47 FISH 

3 tablespoonfuls milk, 

3 tablespoonfuls salmon. 
Beat the yolkvS of eggs. Add the milk and the 
minced salmon. Cut into this the well beaten 
whites of the egg's. Cook until brown, double 
and serve. Be sure to have plent}" of butter in 
your pan so that you may remove without break- 
ing. 

PICKLED PISH 

Take fish, speckled pike is good, and cut up in 
thick slices. Put over fire to boil in vSalted water 
with a little dill to give it flavor. Boil until ten- 
der. Remove from fire and let stand in the li(j- 
uor until ready for use. Take out and serve with 
vinegar. MRvS. A. J. Post. 

PISH CHOWDKR 

Any kind of fish may be used, but a whitemeat- 
ed fish is best. Cut fish into small pieces. Prv 
some salt ]3ork brown and place in the bottom of 
a kettle, then a laver of thinly sliced onions, then 
a layer of fish. Sprinkle with salt and pepper, 
then a layer of peeled sliced potatoes, then fish, 
and so on until all is used. Cover with water, 
boil one-half hour; then add small crackers and 
lastly a pint of milk niav be added — but it is very 
good without the milk. When crackers are heat- 
ed through, serve at once. M. L. P. 

DROPPED PISH BALLS 

1 pint [:)owlful raw fish, 

2 heaping l)<)wiruls ]Kired potatoes, 

2 pcrcrs 



FISH 48 

Butter the size of an eg'^. 
Pick the fish fine and measure it lightly in the 
bowl. Put the potatoes into a boiler and then 
the fish on top. Cover with boilins^^ water and 
boil one-half hour. Drain off the water and mash 
fish and potatoes toj^-ether until fine and li^ht; 
then i)utter, pepper and the well beaten eg'gs. 
Have ready a deep kettle of boilin<^ fat. Dip a 
large spoonful of the mixture, keeping it in as 
good shape as possible, and drop into the boiling 
fat. Cook until brown or two minutes. The 
spoon should go down in the fat everv time. 

St. Cloud. 

PISH PATTIES 

Some cold fish. 

Some ovsters, 

A little butter, 

Shrimp sauce, 

Seasoning. 
Flake the fish and pound it, adding the season- 
ing, sauce and oysters. Line some patty ])ans 
with good puff paste, fill with raw rice and bake. 
Heat all the fish and other ingredients, empty out 
the rice, fill the patties, scatter brown crumbs 
lightly over, garnish with sprigs of parsley and 
serve hot. Mrs. Amos Hakkms. 

()YSTKR FRITTERS 

Select ])lump, good sized oysters, drain off' juice 
and to a cup of this juice add a cup of milk, a 
little salt, four well beaten eggs andfiour to make 
batter like griddle cakes. Knveloj) an oyster in 
a spoonful of this batter, then fry brown on both 
sides. Serve very hot. 

^Irs. Floricxck a. C. Duff. 



49 FISH 

OYSTER PATTIEvS 

Line the bottom and sidevS of pattv panv^ with 
rich paste. Put a cover of paste over and pinch 
the edges together. Bake in a quick oven about 
fifteen minutes or until done. Take as many 
oysters as you have patties, stew^ them in their 
own liquor, cut in pieces, thicken with teaspoon- 
ful flour and tablespoonful butter (to a dozen) and 
grating from lemon peel. Season lightly with 
salt, a pinch of mace, cayenne and two table- 
spoonfuls of cream. Mix well, open patties and 
put tablespoonful of mixture in each. Serve hot. 

F. J. Alsip, Fresno. 

OYSTER CHOWDKR, NO. 1 

1 cjuart of oysters, 
1-inch cube of salt pork, 

1 teaspoonful finelv minced onion, 

2 fair sized potatoes, 

1 tablespoonful butter, 
1 tablespoonful flour, 
1 cupful of new milk, 
12 oyster crackers. 
Salt and pe])per to taste. 

Mrs. Amos Harris. 

OYSTKR CHOWDKR, NO. 2 

Pry together two ounces of salt pork and one 
onion sliced. Parboil one pint of sliced potatoes 
five minutes and drain. Pour one-half cupful water 
over one pint of ovsters and heat to the boiling 
point; skim out the oysters and pour the liquor 
over the potatoes, add the pork and onions, and 
cook until tender, adding more water if necess- 



PISH 50 

ary. Add the oysters, one pint of milk and (me- 
half cupful of fine bread crumbs. Season to taste 
with pepper and salt. MRvS. J. K. Ttrnkk. 

SCALLOPED OYSTERS 

Drain the liquor from a quart of oysters and 
boil and strain it. Carefully remove all bits of 
shell from the oysters, wash and drain them. 
Have ready some fine cracker crumbs. Butter 
a shallow baking- dish. Put in a la3"er of oysters, 
over this spread a layer of crumbs, season with 
salt and pepper and dot plentifully with bits of 
butter. Add another layer of oysters and crumbs 
and alternate the layers until the dish is full, the 
crumbs well dotted with bits of butter on top. 
Beat £'n egg until lig"ht, stir in the strained oyster 
liquor and enou^^h new milk to moisten all and 
pour over it. Bake in a hot oven twenty minutes 
or until well browned. Mrs. AmOvS Harris. 

FRIKD OYSTKRS 

Ovsters, 

Beaten Qgg, 

Cracker crumbs. 
Have e«^t)"s well beaten in small bowl and crack- 
er crumbs in pan ready to use. Remove oysters 
from liquid with fork and dip into theej^ifjj^. Then 
dro]) them into the cracker crumbs and shake pan 
until the ovsters are well covered with crumbs. 
Take out of the cracker crumbs and dij) aj^ain in- 
to the itgg and then put them back into the crack- 
er crumbs as before. Then drop them one at a 
time into verv hot fat and let brown on one side 
keepin^j;- pan uncovered. When brown, turn plate 
over the ovsters and invert the pan lettin*^" oysters 



51 FISH 

remain on plate. Then let them slide from the 
plate back into the hot fat and brown the other 
side. Don't try to vSeparate them until well brown- 
ed as that tears them to pieces. 

MRvS. K. W. Brunton. 

SMOTHKRKD OYSTKRS 

1 pint of oysters, 

Butter, pepper and salt. 
Put one tablespoonful of butter into a sauce 
pan with a pinch of vSalt and a dash of pepper. 
When hot, add the 03^sters carefully drained. 
Cover clOvSely and shake the pan to keep the 
oysters from sticking". Cook three or four min- 
utes and serve on toast. Kmma Barnktt. 

DKVILED CRAB 

1 crab picked into small pieces, 
4 crackers, rolled, 

Salt, pepper and butter. 
Mix thoroug^hlv and bake ten minutes. Serve 
with lemon. Mrs. Minnik Collins. 

CRAB STEW 

2 crabs, 

^ pint of cream, 

y2 pint of milk. 

Butter size of an eo^<4'. 

1 heaping" tablespoonful of Hour, 

Salt, red and black pepper. 
Take milk, flour, salt and pei)per, wnth one tea- 
cupful of water. Cook as for drawn butter, boil 
five minutes, add crab and cream. Let all simmer 
ten minutes. Mrs. W. P. S. 



FlSh 52 

SARDINES 

^"^ eggs, 

A small box of sardines, 

1 tablespoonful butter, 

y2 lemon juice, 

Salt and cayenne to taste. 
Bone the .sardines and flake them with a fork. 
Melt the butter, lav in the sardines until they are 
hot, then add the beaten eggs and when they are 
set, vStir in the lemon juice, salt and pepper. This 
receipt is good for salmon also. 

TOMATO SAUCK 

Take a quart of ripe tomatoes, put over the fire 
in a stew pan and slice into it one lemon and a 
little pepper and salt. Simmer twenty minutes 
then strain through a sieve. Melt in another pan 
a lump of butter and as it melts, stir in a table- 
s])(>onful of flour. When brown, add the toma- 
toes and it is readv for the table. 

Mrs. W. E. Mardp:n, 

OYSTER SAUCE 

Scald in their own juice or liquor a solid cup- 
ful of ovsters well washed and drained and let 
them cook until their edges curl. Melt a table- 
s]^o()nful butter, add tevblesj^oonful flour stir, until 
well blended; then pour in gradually the strained 
ovster liquor and sufficient boiling milk to make a 
thick sauce. Boil u]) well, season with salt and 
pe])per, add a teaspoonful of butter and ser\'e at 
(m^Ki. ]\Irs. Amos Harris. 

E(t(^ sauce 

Z tabli'spoonl'uls butter, 



53 FISH 

2 cupfuls of milk, 

2 tablespoonfuls flour, 

3 hard boiled eggs, 
Seasoning". 

Put milk in double boiler. Rub butter and flour 
together, then stir into boiling milk and season 
to taste. Slice the hard boiled eggs and drop 
into sauce just before serving. M. L. P. 

TART ARK SAUCK (for fish) 

Yolk of one egg, about a teacupful of oil add- 
ed slowly and well mixed, juice of half a lemon, 
three small pickles choj)ped fine, six capers. 

Laura Luce. 

HOLLANDAISK SAUCK (for fish) 

Rub one-half cupful butter to a cream. Add 
volks of two eggs, beat well; juice of one-half a 
lemon, salt and cayenne. When ready to serve, 
add one-half cup of boiling Vv^ater. Place the bowl 
in a pan of boiling water and cook until thick as 
custard. Laura Lucp:.' 

CRKAMKD SHRIMPS 

One can shrimps. The little black line that runs 
down the back should be removed. Cook the 
shrimps in a tablcvSpoonful of butter three min- 
utes with one-half teaspoonful of salt, a little cay- 
enne and a teaspoonful of lemon juice. Remove 
shrimp keeping them warm. Into this sauce-pan 
put one-half tablespoonful flour, one-half cupful 
cream and the yolks of two eggs Add the shrimps 
and flavor with lemon. Serve on toast. 

M. L. P. 



Poultry and 6dme, 

Mrs. a. C. Palmer 



"If tlie partridge had the woodcock's thigh, 

It would be the best bird that ever did Hy." LiicuUiis 

"A liird in thedish is worth a hundrcMl in the sir." 

Lneulliis 



When selecting- f()\vls for c<)()kin<4", always if 
possible, secure vountr ones. Select a young' hen 
turkey of about ten pounds. Never cook chicken 
over two years old. Turkeys are greatly improv- 
ed by steaming' an hour before roasting; a little 
vinegar added to the fowl when boiling makes it 
more tender. When dressing turkey or chicken, 
wash thoroughly, wipe them dry, then rub well 
with salt, putting some on the inside also. The 
garnishes for chicken or turkey are slices of 
orange or lemon, aj)])le sauce, parsley, thin slices ol 
ham or bacon and fried oysters. 

H()xp:d chicken 

Boil a chicken in as little water as possible un- 
til meat will fall from the bones; remove all skin, 
cho]) together light and dark jjarts, season with 
]je]>])er and salt. Boil down liquid in which the 
chicken was boiled, then jjour it on meat. Place 
in tin, wraj) t':ght]\ in cloth and ])rc'ss with heavy 
weight several hours, ^^'^hen served, cut in thin 
slices. 

(;amk 

The coar>er kinds ol game such as geese, antl 



55 l>OilLTl<V AND GAME 

duckvS may lie in salt water for .several hours, or 
be 'parboiled in it with an onion in each to absorb 
the rank flavor, and afterward thoroughly rinsed 
in clear water before cooking'. Some lay slices of 
onion over game while cooking and remove before 
serving. Squirrels should be carefullv skinned and 
laid in salt water a short time before cooking; if 
old, parboiled, Thev are delicious broiled, and 
excellent cooked in anv way v^ith thin slices of 
bacon. Venison is considered a good "savorv 
dish." The haunch, neck, shoulder and saddle 
should be roasted; roast or broil the l)reast and 
fry or broil the steaks with slices of salt pork. 
Venison reciuires more time for cooking" than beef 
steak'. The hams are excellent t)ickled, smoked or 
dried, but thev will not keep as long as other 
smoked meats. The sfarnishes for game are cur- 
rant iellv, sliced oranges and apple sauce. 

CRKAM OF CHICKKN 

1 chicken of about four |)ouiuls, 

4 sweet-breads, 

1 can mushrooms. 
Roil chirken until tender. Blanch ^weet-bri/ads 
and boil until tender. Mix four tal)lespoonfuls of 
butter and five tablespoonfuls of flour. Scald one 
quart of cream, put in butter and flour and cook 
until it thickens. Season with salt and red or 
V)lack pepper. Cut chicken and sweet breads into 
small ])ieces, add mushrooms. Turn mixture of 
cream over all, addinyf a little of the broth the 
chicken was cooked in. Bake in buttered dish 
one-half hour, put bread and cracker crumbs on 
top with bits of butter scattered over to make a 
nice brown. Mrs. Kl?:krt'R(tKR. 



PUULTKY AND GAME 56 

'CHICKKN ITALIAN 

Boil chicken and pick up fine. In a hot frying 
pan put two tablespoonfuls of butter, two of 
Gower's olive oil and three to five. small pieces of 
garlic and fry until garlic is brown, then add one- 
half bay leaf, a little thyme, one-half can toma- 
toes and one can of mUvshrooms cut into small 
pieces. Boil for one-half hour, add chicken and 
boil. Take a baking dish and make alternate 
layers of cooked soeghetti and then the chicken 
mixture and grated cheese. Bake one hour. This 
may all be prepared in the morning and made readv 
to bake before dinner. 

Mrs. Minnik Collins. 

ROAST CHICKEN WITH ORKP^N PKAS 

Stuff chicken with voung green peas seasoned 
with butter, salt and i>epper. Roast brown. 

Mrs. Minnik Collins. 

CHICKKN PIE WITH OYSTERS 

Prepare as for anv chicken pie, using a rich 
])aste, adding raw ovsters to each laver of chicken. 
Pour overall the chicken gravv or broth, dredge 
with flour, dot bl^eralU with Imtter, add a little 
of the strained oyster liquor, cover and bake one 
hour. Eor a plain ])ie, use a nice biscuit dough. 

Mrs. C. H. Williams. 

CHICKKN STKW 

Take a young chicken, cut in even slices, frv 
brownin two tablesi)()onfulsof (lower'solive oil. 



57 POULTRY AND GAIMC 

Put in six laro-e tomatoes or a can of 'tomatoes in 
a sauce-pan with some parsley, thyme, an onion 
stuck with cloves and a tiny piece of garlic, plenty 
of white pepper and salt. Cook the chicken one 
and one-half hours in this, then ten minutes before 
serving" throw in a can of sweet corn and serve 
with new potatoes nicely browned. 

MrvS. Amy Fall a. 

CHICKEN WITH ASPARAGUS 

Cut a fowl in joints and stew; when half cook- 
ed, season. Cook a bunch of asparag'us in the 
broth and when done, lay it on slices of toast. 
After the chickens simmer ten minutes, stir in beat- 
en yolks of two ej^'jJ^s w^ith a cujjful of cream. Add 
seiisonin<j" if needed and a tablespoonful of lemon 
juice. Pour chicken and g'ravA' over the asparagus 
and serve. Mrs. Katk Mahdkx. 

CHICKEN PIK, NO. 1 

Take a pair of fat hens, {)re])are and disjoint 
them. Put in a stew pan and season hij^^hlv with 
salt and pepper, dredi^^e in a little Hour and cover 
well with cold water; stew over a slow tire three 
quarters of an hour. Line the sides of a deep 
baking dish with a nice rich crust. Lav the 
chicken in the dish remoying" the largest bones. 
Pour in half the gravy, dredge lightly with Hour 
and add a few bits of butter. Roll out the Uj)j)er 
crust and cover carefully, being sure to leave an 
()])ening in the top. Bake in a cpiick oven one hour. 
Before sending to the table pour in the remain- 
der of the gravy. 

Mrs, C. H. Willlams. 



POULTKY AND GAME 58 

CHICKEN PIK, NO. 2 

One chicken of four or five i^ounds. Clean and 
cut in pieces as for servinj^^. Put in a stew-pan 
with three pints of water and one tablespoonful 
of salt. When it comes to a boil, skim. Stew the 
chicken until verv tender, addino' more hot water 
as it boils iiway. When well done, add two table- 
spoonfuls of butter and two of Hour to the gravy. 
Then add one small can of oysters. For the 
pastr\' use one pint of sweet milk, two table- 
spoonfuls of butter, one large teaspoonful of bak- 
ing powder, one teaspoonful of salt and just flour 
enough to roll. Roll one-fourth of an inch thick 
and line a deep pan with this pastry, fill w4th the 
stewed chicken and gravv and cover with pastry 
one-fourth of an inch thick. Bake one-half hour. 

Kdna M. Chandlkk. 

CHICKKN PoTPIP:. NO. 1 

Cut up the chicken as for chicken pie, put in a 
kettle and cover with water. Add a little salt 
and boil until well done. Have ready a light bis- 
cuit dough; cut in squares, lav it on top of the 
chicken, cover tightlv and boil thirty minutes 
without lifting the cover or allowing the boiHng 
to ceise. Lav the chicken in a deep dish, remov- 
ing the largest bones. Cover with the crust, sea- 
son and thicken the gravv and pour over it. 

Mrs. John Minto. 

CHICKKN PoTPIK, No. 2 

Two large cliickens jointed and l)oiled in two 
quarts ol water; add a lew slices of salt pork and 
season. When nearlv cooked, add crust made of 



59 POULTRY AND OAlMfc 

one quart of flour, four teaspoonfuLs baking- pow- 
der and one saltspoon of salt. Stir in stiff batter 
with water. Drop into kettle while boiling; cover 
closel}" and cook twenty-five minutes. 

MRvS. a. C. Palmer. 

FRICASSEED CHICKEN 

Clean, wash and joint the fowls and lay in cold 
salt water for one hour. Put in pot with one-half 
pound salt pork cut in strips and cold water 
enough to cover them. Cover closelv and heat 
slowly to a gentle boil. When fowls are full size 
and fairly tender, stew one hour or more after 
they begin to boil. When done, add half a chopp- 
ed onion, parsley and pepper and cover again for 
ten minutes. Stir up two tablespocmfuls flour in 
cold water, then put into a cuj) of hot milk and 
this in turn into two beaten egg's, then put in one 
large spoonful butter and pour all into the sauce- 
pan. Mix well, boil fairly, place chickens on your 
dish and pour the gravv over them and serve. 

Mrs. a. C. Palmer. 

FRIED SPRINCx CHICKEN 

Clean and joint, then soak in salt water for two 
hours. Put in the frying pan etjual j^arts of lard 
and butter, enough in all to cover the chicken. 
Roll each piece in flour, dij) in beaten it^^, then 
roll in cracker crumbs and drop into the boiling 
fat. Frv until brown on both sides. Serve on flat 
platter garnished with sprigs of parslev. Pour 
most of fat from frying pan, thicken the remain- 
der with browned flour, add to it a cup of boiling 
water or milk. Serve in gravv boat. 

Mrs. a. C. Palmkr. 



POULTRY AND GAME 60 

JELLIED CHICKKN 

Boil a chicken the day before it is to be used. 
When liquor is cold, skim from itever3'bit of fat. 
Soak one-half box of j>-elatine in a cup of cold 
water, (if Cox, two hours, if Knox, ten minutes). 
Remove all skin from the chicken and cut the 
meat into dice. Cut two dozen canned mushrooms 
into halves and stone twelvelar^e olives. Brin^- to 
a boil and strain a pint of the chicken licjuor, vStir 
into the soaked gelatine and set aside to cool. As 
it begins to thicken, prepare your chicken loaf as 
follows. In a buttered mould lay a stratum of the 
chicken, sprinkle wnth pepper and salt, a few of 
the stoned olives and mushrooms. Then pour on 
some of the thickening jelly. Alternate until the 
mould is full. Set in a cool place for twenty-four 
hours be fore using. Lava warm cloth on the mould 
for a moment when readv to serve and turn on a 
chilled platter. Delicious served with lettuce and 
mayonnaise. Mrs. (). B. WllvBLK. 

PRESSED CHICKEN, N( ). 1 

Boil. a chicken until tender; take out all the bones 
and chop the meat very line. Season with salt, 
pepper and plenty of butter. Add to the liquor 
the chicken was boiled in, one cupful of bread 
crumbs made soft with hot water and to this the 
chopped chicken. When heated, take out and 
press into a basin. Serve cold. 

Mks. a. C. Palmkr. 

PRESSED CHICKICN, NO. 2 

Stew slowlv two chickens cut up small, until 
meat drops from bones; take out and choj) line. 



61 POULTRY AND (iAME 

Let liquor boil down to a cupful. Add to it butter 
the vsize of an eg'g", teaspoonful of pepper, little 
allspice and a beaten eg"<;^. Stir through the meat 
sliced hard boiled eggs. Lay in a mould and press. 
Serve in a dish garnished with parsley. 

Mrs. Amy Falla. 

ROAvST CHICKKN 

; Dress the chicken nicelv, leaving it w^hole. For 
the dressing take a pint and one half of bread 
crumbs, moistened with water, a medium sized 
onion sliced thin, sage, salt, pepper and butter 
to taste. Stuff the fowl and lav in a self-basting 
pan. If an open pan is used, there must be water 
in it. Baste and turn often. 

Mrs. W. L. KKNNKin^ 

STKWFD CHICKKN 

Prepare and cook chicken in the same manner 
as for chicken pie. Just before chicken is quite 
done, pare a cjuantity of potatoes, cut them in 
two, lav them on top of chicken. Let them l)oil 
until done, then take potatoes up on plate by 
themselves. Turn pint of sweet cream in with the 
chicken, thicken with flour, wet with sweet milk, 
.season with pepper, salt and plent\ of butter. 
Sweet milk will answer in place of cream, but 
will recjuire more butter. 

Mrs. a. C. Palmkr. 

RAISIN STUFFING FOR TURKFY 

Take one pound of freshlv minced beef, a 
small onion, a little parslev and thvme, one })ound 



POULTRY AND GAME 62 

of seeded raisins and a tablespoonful of butter. 
Mix these and cook for about ten minutes. Grate 
some stale bread, orpreferably crackers, and with 
a beaten e^^ bind the mixture. To keep it moist, 
add two tablespoonfuls of any «i;-ood table sauce. 
Salt and pepper to taste. 

Mrs. Amos Harris. 

ROAST TURKEY 

(New Enj^-land Fashion). 

Pick, singe, draw, wash and dry. After this dip 
turkey two seconds in boiling water and then two 
seconds in ice water. This makes it look plumj). 
Cut the neck off close to the body, leaving the 
skin longer, draw over and tie. Skewer the legs 
close to the sides after removing the first joint. 
Fasten the wings to the sides in the same manner, 
first cutting away the pinions or first joints. Put 
the giblets to boil in a quart of water. Allow one 
and three-fourths hours to roast a turkey weigh- 
ing ten pounds. If at all tough, boil an hour or 
more before roasting. Some cooks parboil even a 
voung turkey before baking. A little water will 
be needed in the ]^an. Baste with salt and water 
once, then cover with lumps of butter and after- 
wards baste with the drippings. Slices of fat 
bacon or fat pork may be sliced over the fowl, 
fastening them down with v'^mall skewers. When 
nearlv done, dredge with flour and baste with 
melted butter. Stuff with the following force- 
meat : five pints of bread crumbs, one-fourth ]:)()und 
of salt j)ork chopped, butter size of an e^g, salt, 
])ep])er, savory or sage, and two eggs well beaten. 
Mix well before using 

Mrs. H()1J)i:n. 



63 POULTRY AND GAME 

ROAST TURKEY, NO. 2 

Select young turkey, remove all the feathers 
carefully, singe over a burning newspaper, then 
draw, remove the crop carefully, cut off the head 
and tie the neck close to the body by drawing 
the skin over it. Now rinse the inside of the tur- 
key with several waters and in the next to the last 
put in a teaspoonful of soda as sometimes the in- 
side of a fowl is very sour, especially if it is not 
freshly killed. The soda, tends to cleanse and 
sweeten the inside of the fowd. After washing, 
wipe the turkey dry inside and out with a clean 
cloth. Rub the inside with salt then stuif the 
breast and body with the dressing for fowls. Sew 
up the turkey with strong thread, tie the legs and 
wings to the body, rub it over with melted butter, 
sprinkle with pepper and salt, dredge with a little 
flour, put it in a dripping pan, pour on a cup of boil- 
ing w^ater and place in the oven to bake. Baste it 
often turning it around so every part will be thor- 
oughly baked. When pierced with a fork and the 
liquid runs out perfectly clear, the fowl is dore. 
If any part is likely to scorch, pin a thin piece of 
buttered paper over it. A hfteen-pound turkey 
requires three or four hours to bake. Serve with 
cranberry jelly. When vou put the turkey in the 
oven to roast, put the neck, heart, liver and gi;cz- 
ard into a stew pan with a pint of water. Boil un- 
til they become quite tender, then takeout of the 
water, chop the heeirt and gizzard, w^ash the liver 
and throw away the neck. Return the chopped 
heart, gizzard and liver to the liquor in whi«.h 
they were boiled, set to one side £ind when the 
turkey is done, it should be added, to the gravy 
that dripped from the turkey. Having first skim- 
med off the fat from the surface of the dripping- 



POULTKY AND GAME 64 

pan, set all over the fire and boil three minutes, 
then thicken with Hour. It will not need brown- 
ed flour to thicken the g"ravy. The garnishes for 
turkey or chicken are fried oysters, thin slices of 
ham, slices of lemon, fried sausag"es and parsley. 
DRESSING, — For an eight or ten pound tur- 
key, take two quarts of baked meal, add a table- 
spoonful of lard, some chopped onions browned 
in butter and two eggs. Flavor to taste with salt, 
pepper, sage and thyme and stuff the turkey. Sew 
well around the neck so as to prevent the dress- 
ing from falling out. MRvS. Jordan Young. 

DRFSSINCx FOR TURKEY OR 
ROAST MEATS 

Mix stale bread crumbs or pounded crackers 
w4th butter, salt, pepper and an e^g. Add sum- 
mer savory or sage; if desired, chopped oysters 
may also be added. Mix thoroughly together add- 
ing a little warm water for wetting if necessarv. 

Mrs. a. C. Palmer. 

TURKEY DRESSED AVITH OYSTERS 

For a ten-pound turkev take two pints of bread 
crumbs, one-half teacupful of butter cut in bits, 
three tablespoonfuls of hot water, one teaspoon - 
ful ]:>()wdered thyme, pe]:)])er and salt to taste, one 
(juart ol ovsters well drained. Mix these ingred- 
ient^thoroughlv, except the oysters. Rub the tur- 
key well inside and out with salt and ])epper, then 
fill with a teaspoonful of the dressing, alternat- 
ing with the oysters until stuffed. Strain the 
oyster liquor and use to baste the turkey. Cook 
the giblets in a pan with a verv little water and 
cho]) them fine. Add suflicient water and brown- 



65 POULTRY AND GAME 

ed flour for thickenin*^'. A fowl of this size will 
require three hours in a moderate oven. Garnish 
as for roast turkey. Serve with cranberry sauce 
and vegetables. Mrs. John Minto. 

PIGEON ROASTKD 

DrCvSs, and stuff with bread crumbs seasoned 
with butter, salt and a little mace, adding three 
o^^sters to each bird. Sew up and baste frequent- 
ly with melted butter. Roast one-half hour care- 
fully. Some prefer apple stuffing-. Pig-eons 
should be tender to roast. Lay them on the dish 
in a row. Mrs. John Minto. 

PIGEON PIE 

Prepare the pigeons; cut in four pieces and par- 
boil. Line a baking dish with rich paste and fill 
in with the pigeons, mixing with bi^ts of bacon or 
salt pork. Season with a little parsley and enrich 
with butter cut in bits. Dredge with flour and 
pour in the water they were parboiled in. Cover 
with the paste leaving an opening for the escape 
of steam. Bake one hour. 

Mrs. C. H. Wh^liams.^ 

QUAIL PIK 

Prepare and cook the same as pigeon pie. The 
quails may be left whole and stuffed, using the 
same stuffing as for any roasted fowl, Slices of 
hard boiled eggs added are very nice. 

Mrs. C. H. WiLLiAiVis. 

QUAIL ON TOAST 
Dress carefully, removing the feathers without 



POULTRY AND GAME 00 

scaldinjj. Split down the back and put into salt 
water for a time, then dry. Butter carefully, sea- 
son with pepper and salt and broil on a grid-iron, 
turning frequently. When done, butter well and 
serve on hot buttered toast, a quail, breast up, on 
each slice. Serve on a hot dish. Garnish with 
currant jelly. Mrs. Esther Williams. 

ROAST WILD DUCK 

Parboil with an onion in each to remove the 
fishy flavor. Use a carrot unless there is to be 
onion in the dressing. Stuff with the same dress- 
ing as used for Mallard duck and roast until ten- 
der, basting first with melted butter and then with 
the gravy in the pan. Thicken the gravy with 
browned flour and stir in one tablespoonful of 
currant jelly. Serve separately. 

Mrs^ John Minto. 

RABBIT STEW 

Prepare the same as venison, boiling until ten- 
der and serving in the same manner. A little minc- 
ed onion added is very tiice. Add a little butter 
to the gravy if necessarv. 

" Mrs.W. F. Allen. 

RABBIT FRIED 

Skin, disjoint and wi])e the ral)bit perfectly 
dry. Frv the same as chicken, parboiling unless 
perfectly tender. They may be dipped in flour 
before frying. Mrs. J. H. JuDD. 

RABBITS FRICASSEED 
Disjoint and put in a stew pixn. seasoning with 



67 POULTRY AND GAME 

cayenne pepper, chopped parsley and a little salt. 
Cover with a pint of hot water and stew slowly. 
When nearly done, add some bits of butter rolled 
in flour. Before removing from the fire pour in 
half a small teacupful of thin cream or rich milk. 
Serve the meat in a hot dish, pouring" the g"ravy 
over it. Mrs. Jordan Young. 

RABBIT ROASTED 

Skin, clean and lay in salt water while prepar- 
ing" the following dressing. Mince a slice of fat 
salt pork and mix with sufficient moistened bread 
crumbs to fill the cavity, seasoning it with salt, 
pepper and thyme. Stuff the rabbit with this and 
sew up closely. Cover with slices of salt pork 
bound on with cords or fastened with skewers. 
Pour in a cupful of water in the pan and bake an 
hour, basting frequently and adding a little lemon 
juice to the drippings. Dredg"e with flour, brown 
and remove from the oven. Serve on a h(jt ])latter 
removing the slices of pork and garnishing the 
edg"e of the platter with them. Thicken the strain- 
ed gravy with browned flour and season with but- 
ter, two tablespoonfuls of lemon juice or a little 
vineg'ar, pepper and salt to taste. Let it boil up 
and then serve. If pork is not used in roasting, 
rub the rabbit with butter well before putting in 
the oven and jiour melted butter over it when 
served, garnishing with sliced lemon and g'reens. 

Mrs. Jordan Young. 

FRIED BELGIAN HARE 

Take a young Belgian hare; cut it into medium 
sized pieces, roll in flour and fry one-half or three- 
quarters of an hour in beef drippings or lard and 



POULTRY AND GAME 68 

butter mixed. Brown nicely; season with salt and 
pepper. If it is an old Belgian hare, cut in pieces, 
boil until tender, but not until it drops from the 
bones. Then roll in flour and brown nicely in but- 
ter. Season with salt and pepper. 

Mrs. W. L. Kennedy. 

RABBIT PIE 

Boil the rabbit until tender. Season well with 
butter, salt and pepper. Thicken the gravy with 
flour rubbed smooth in a little water. Have plenty 
of gravy. Put the meat and gravy in to a pudding 
dish. Make a rich biscuit dough, roll out the size 
of the dish, cut two or three places in the top for 
the steam to esc^ipe, then bake until the crust is 
done. Serve in the dish in which it is baked. 

Mrs. W. L. Kennedy. 

SMOTHKRKD BKLGIAN HARK 

Take a young hare, cut in pieces, roll in flour, 
place in a baking pan, sjjrinkle a little more flour 
over it, season with butter, pepper and salt, al- 
most cover with hot water, then place in the oven 
and bakt^ until done, turning often and adding 
water as needed. Mrs. W. h. Kennedy. 

TO COOK A YOUNG RABBIT 

Soak several hours in salt and water. Cut in 
suitable pieces for serving; roll each piece in flour 
and ])lace in a kettle containing a little hot fat and 
turn until nicely l)rowned. Then add a peeled to- 
mato, an onion, a tew slices of carrot and turnip 
and a green or red pepper, also a pinch of mace, 



69 POULTRY AND GAME 

cloves, cinnamon, and salt and pepper to taste and 
a pint of water. Cover very closely and cook very 
slowly until tender. Serve on a large platter with 
the strained gravy poured over it. 

Semie Turner. 

SMOTHERED BIRDS 

Prepare and put in boiling vi^ater for ten min- 
utes. Remove, arrange in a baking pan and sea- 
son highly with pepper and salt, putting a lump of 
butter on each bird. Pour in the pan a little water 
to which has been added enough vinegar to give 
it a slightly sour taste. Dredge the whole slight- 
ly with flour; cover with another pan and bake 
until done. 

Mrs. McCully. 

SQUAB PIK 

Six squabs, four tablespoonfuls of butter, one 
quart of broth or water. Scald the squabs, pick, 
singe and draw. Cut down the back first like 
chickens for broiling, then cut in halves, wash and 
wipe dry. Rub each piece with salt and pepper, 
roll in fl(^ur and fry slightly in melted butter. 
Arrange them in a deep baking dish, pour in the 
broth or water and stew in the oven until ten- 
der. Then season the liquor and thicken slightly, 
if necessary. Cover with a good pie crust and 
l)ake twenty minutes, leaving an opening in the 
crust for the steam to escape. The crust should 
be kept well out of the liquor while baking. An 
inverted cup set in the center of the dish will 
support it. Mrs. Wm. Humphreys. 

SQUIRREL POTPIE 

Skin, clean and disjoint two or three s(juirrels 



POULTRY AND GAME 70 

sides of a deep baking- dish with a nice crust. Lay 
the rabbit in the dish, pour in half the gra.vy, 
dredge lig'htly with flour and add a few bits of 
butter. Roll out the upper crust, cover carefully, 
bein^ sure to leave a hole in the top for the escape 
of steam. Bake in a quick oven one hour. Before 
sending^ to the table, pour in the remainder of the 
hot gravy. Mrs. C. H. Williams. 

VENISON RIB ROAST 

Have the bones removed from two or three ribs 
of venison; roll in a thin slice of salt ])ork, tie 
tightly in shape, season, dredge with flour and 
roast. Serv^e with vSpiced currants or gooseberry 
catsup. Mrs. C. H. Williams. 

VENISON STEW 

The most inferior cuts will do. Cut the meat 
in small pieces to cook. Cover with water and boil 
two hours, adding more boiling water if needed. 
Season and thicken the g-ravy with browned flour. 

Mrs. JoiLN WiLDKK. 

VENISON STEAKS 

Heat the grid-iron well, butter the bars and lay 
on the steaks which should be cut from the neck 
or haunch. Broil thoroughly as venison requires 
more cooking than beef. Save all the gravy poss- 
ible. Serve with currant jellv laid on each piece. 
Heat the plates. Mrs. C". H. Williams. 



Weats. 

Mrs. Kathryn Harden. 



'■'Tis not the food, but the content, 
That makes tlie table's ineiriment. 
Where trouble serves the board, we eat 
'!he plattt'rs there as scjon as meat. 
A little pipkin, with a bit 
Of mutton, or of veal in it, 
i^et on my table trouble free. 
More than a feast contenteth me." 

Herrick. 



To be a g^ood meat cook, one should know the 
parts of the animals sold in the markets and their 
economical uses. The piece to select for a prime 
roast is the first five ribs. The middle ribs are 
«j"ood for roasts and the next or chuck ribs are 
second choice. Very good steak may be cut from 
these ribs also. The shoulder is considered best 
for pot roasts, stews, soups, hash, and mince-meat; 
the brisket for soups or corned beef; neck for saus- 
ages, mince pie meat and soup. Rump makes good 
corned beef, stews and steaks. The round for 
steaks, pot roasts, boiling and stewing; shin for 
hashes and soups; thick flank for stews, corned 
and pressed beef, also a nice boiling piece; thin 
flank for corned beef and boiling. 

In pork, the leg makes roasts and smoked ham; 
sirloin, fine chops and roasts; foreloin, second 
choice roasts and chops; neck, inferior roasts and 
boiling pieces; the shoulder is used mostly for 
pickling and smoking and is also very fine for 
boiling, whether fresh or corned. The head is 
used for head cheese, puddings and the like. Jowl 
is nice for smoking; the feet are used for souse 
and for pickling. 



POULTRY AND GAME 72 

The loin of mutton, the best end, is used for 
fillinjj- and roasts and makes fine chops. The rest 
of the loin, second choice, is used for chops 
and roasts; the rump end for boiling and roast- 
inj^; shoulder for boilinj^-, filling- and roasting; leg 
mostly used for chops, roasting and boiling; breast 
and .flank used for stews, meat pies and cheap 
roasts; neck for stews. 

Good beef is a bright red with plenty of fat. 
()ld beef is a dark red and coarse grain. If the 
rind of pork is rough and thick and cannot easily 
be impressed with the finger, it is old. Measly 
pork is almost poisonous and may be easily de- 
tected, the fat being full of small kernels. " The 
flesh of fresh pork will look cool and smooth; 
when moist or clammy, it is stale. Good mutton 
is a bright red color and a firm grain. The fat is 
white and clear. 

The more gently meat boils, the more tender 
it will become. Allow twenty minutes for the 
boiling of each pound of meat. In boiling fresh 
meat, to make it rich and nutritious, it should be 
placed in a kettle of boiling water and skimmed 
well as soon as it begins to boil. The meat should 
be turned occasionally and kept well under the 
water and fresh hot water supplied, as it evapor- 
ates very rapidly in boiling. No salt should be 
added until the meat is nearly done, as it extracts 
the juices in boiling. Salt meat should be put on in 
cold water so that it may freshen in cooking. Al- 
low twenty minutes to the pound for fresh, and 
thirty-five for salt m.eats, the time to be modified, 
of course, by the (|uality of the meat. A pod of 
red pei)pers in the water will prev<.mt anv un- 
pleasant Oder from filling the house. Roast meats 
re()uir(' a brisk fire. Baste often. Twenty min- 
utes is rc'(juired for roasting each pound of frt-sh 



73 MEATS 

meat. Broiled meatvS, to retain their juices, should 
be broiled over red hot coals, entirely free from 
smoke, and the coals sufficiently low enoug^h in the 
grate so as not to sear the meat when first plac- 
ed over the heat. Turn steaks and chops fre- 
(juently, that every part may be evenly done. Do 
not stick the fork in the lean part, always in the 
fat or outer skin. The best pieces for broiling- 
are the porter-house, sirloin and rump. 

Plow TO MAKJi: A ROUND vSTKAK 
TENDER 

Any piece from the round mav be prepared so 
as to be as tender as the most delicate sirloin if 
care be taken with it. Spread vour steak with 
(xower's olive oil instead of beating it to bruivse 
the fibres, which lets the juice run out into the 
fire. Let it remain an hour or so in the oil before 
cooking. Broil (juicklv so that each side will be 
thoroughly charred, then prop up your broiler so 
as to be a little further from the fire for the slov\ - 
er heating through that cooks the inside juices 
without losing them. Melt a bit of l)utter in two 
tablespoonfuls of vinegar and pour it over the 
steak while hot. This finishes the tendering ])ro- 
cess and makes appeti;cing gravy. You can sub- 
stitute lemon juice for the vinegar; all that is 
needed is an acid that will make the fibre tender. 
Additions can also be made to the vinegar of a 
little chopped onion and the yolks of one or two 
eggs with a very little cayenne, if vou wish to 
have a rich gravy. 

There are two methods of frving, one with a 
very little fat. The pan and the fat must be hot 
before the meat to be fried is put into it. If the 
pan is hot and just enough fat to keej) the meat 



MEATS 74 

from stickino- to it, the heat bcinj? inaiiitained 80 
that it will cook quickly, it will be nearly as nice 
as if broiled. The other method of frying con- 
sists of entirely immersing- the article to be cook- 
ed in sufficient smoking hot fat to cover it, and 
keepino- the fat at that de.i^^ree of heat until the 
food is brown. It should then be taken out with 
a skimmer and laid on brown paper for a moment 
to free it from ^rrease. 

BKKF ROAST 

Place the top round of beef in pan of very hot 
fat and put in a hot oven to sear quickly. Turn 
when the lower side is seared and let the top side 
rest in the fat and sear. Then place the ^rate 
underneath the meat so that the meat will not 
come in contact with the fat. Baste about every 
ten minutes. After it is seared, sift a little flour 
ov^er the meat. Cook about fifteen minutes to the 
pound. Have verv hot oven for the first one- 
quarter of an hour, then moderate oven. 

GRAVY, — Uvse two or three tablespoonfuls of 
the fat left in pan and one and one-half tablespoon- 
fuls of flour. Rub flour smooth in the fat; add one 
teaspoonful of salt and a little pepper. Cook them 
together until it froths. Add two cupfuls of boil- 
ing water. Miss Kmma Barnktt. 

FILLKT OF BKKF, SPANISH 

4 pounds fillet of beef, 

% pound suet, 

1 onion, 

1 large tomato, 

1 chili pepper, 

3 cloves. 



75 MEATS 

1 teaspoonful each, vinegar and sug-ar, 
Salt and davsh of pepper. 

Slice the suet thinly into an iron pot and fry 
until melted. Then slice in the onion and fry until 
brown. Put in the meat and brown on all sides. 
Add juice of tomato, chili pepper, cloves, vine<J"ar, 
sugar, salt and pepper. Put in a little hot w^ater, 
just enough to keep the meat from scorching. 
Cover tightly and cook slowly imtil tender. Serve 
with brown gravy. Mrs. W. P. Falla. 

BKKF A LA mode: 

4 pounds of beef from rump, 
/^ cup of vinegar, 

2 teaspoonfuls of salt, 

% teaspoonful of pepper, 
% teaspoonful of allspice, 
% teaspoonful of mustard, 
% teaspoonful of cloves, 

1 onion, 

A handful of flour. 
Make these into a pickle and soak the meat in 
it over night, turning several times. Take out of 
pickle in the morning and cook very slowly with 
one onion, one-half a carrot, one-half a turnip, 
one tablespoonful of mixed herbs and two cupfuls 
of hot water. Cut vegetables in cubes. 

Mrs. Klekritrgrr. 
YORKSHIRp; PUDDING 

4 tablespoonful s flour, 

2 eggs, 

1 jjint milk, 

1 cupful water. 



MEATS 76 

Make a line pavste of flour and milk. Pour the 
water into a bowl with the well beaten eg^j^^vS and 
beat to a froth. Add this to the paste and cook 
in same pan with the meat. 

MaGGIK DARLIN{i. 

HAMBURCxKR ROAST 

2 pounds of Hamburg^er steak, 
Piece of fat pork, 
2 ejr^s, 

1 cu])ful bread crumbs, 
Onion or parsley, 

^4- cupful milk, 
Salt and pep])er. 
Mix the steak and fat pork, chopped fine with 
egg's, bread cruml^s, onion or parsley, chopped 
fine, and the milk. Season and shape into loaf. 
Put in a baking pan with water and bake for one 
hour. Baste frequently. Nice hot or cold or slic- 
ed and fried in butter for breakfast. 

Mrs. Gkok(;k Scane. 

MKAT LOAF 

2 pounds of Hamburger steak, 
1 cupful l)read crumbs, 

!^ cu])ful of \yater, 

Pepper, salt, parsley and butter. 
Mix the meat vyith the bread crumbs, j)epper, 
salt and a little chopped parsley. Add the beaten 
eggs and one-half cupful of water. Put in a bak- 
ing pan with butter under and over and bake for 
three-quarters of an hour. Serve with thin gravv 
and macaroni :■ round the loaf. 

MA(i(iiic Darling. 



77 MEATS 

MKAT CROOUKTTES 

1 pint of cold chopped meat, 
y2 pint of milk, 

1 tablespoonful butter, 

2 table.spoonfuls flour, 
1 teaspoonful vsalt, 

1 teaspoonful pepper, 

1 teaspoonful parslev, 

1 teaspoonful onion juice, 

1 egg" and bread crumbs. 
Put the milk over the lire. Rub tog^ether the 
butter and flour, add to the boiling milk and stir 
until smooth and thick. Add the salt, pepper, 
parsley and onion juice to the meat. Mix with the 
paste and vset aside to cool. When cold, form into 
croquettes, drop in the eg^g^ and bread crumbs and 
fry. Chicken is good this way also. 

Mrs. M. L. Parkhurst. 

MKAT BALLS 

1 pint of chopped cold meat, beef is best, 
^ pint of stale bread crumbs, 
1 tablespoonful chopped parsley, 
yi teaspoonful gyrated lemon rind, 

1 teaspoonful salt, 

2 eggs well beaten. 

Mix and divide into balls size of walnut. Make 
a batter of one beaten eg"g" and one-half cupful of 
milk. Stir in carefully one-half cupful of Hour. 
Drop the meat balls into this batter and then in- 
to smoking hot fat to fry until brown. 

Mrs. M. L. Parkhurst. 

MINCED MEAT 
Two cupfuls of minced meat with one cupful 



MEATS 78 

of brown gTavy added to the meat. Season as 
you wish. Make a short cake and spread the meat 
between the layers. Emma Barnett. 

POTTKD MEAT 

Chop the cold meat fine and rub to a paste add- 
ing to each half pint one-eig^hth teaspoonful of 
pow^dered mace, (or if preferred, thyme or sum- 
mer savory) and two ounces of butter melted. 
Season lig-htly with salt and pack into a cup or 
tumbler. Pour over it a little melted suet and it 
will keep for a week in a cool place. Tongue, 
chicken or baked liver are the best meats for pot- 
tinj^r. Mrs. M. L. Parkhurst. 

U^AT OMELET 

Mince up pieces of cold meat, puttinj^ in a few 
crumbs of either bread or crackers and enou^i^h 
e^^s to bind them toj^ether. Season well; put in 
a well buttered ])an and bake, or fry if preferred. 

Mrs. Frrd'Nrt.son. 

COTTAGE pip: 

3 cupful s of cold meat, 

2 tables])oonfuls of minced onion, 

2 tablespoonfuls of butter, 

2 tablespoonfuls of Hour, 

1 cu]>ful of brown stock, (or j^'ravv or milk), 

2 teaspoonfuls of salt, 

':+ teaspoonful of |)epper, 

3 or 4 cupfuls of mashed potatoes. 

Cut up the meat in one inch cubes and put in a 
l)uddin<4' dish. Melt the butter and cook the onion 



79 MEATS 

in il until light brown, then add the flour. Re- 
move from the stov^e to stir in the flour, then put 
back on the stove and cook a minute or two. Add 
the stock, pepper and salt and stir until it boils. 
Pour about one-half of it over the meat, then 
spread the mashed potatoes over the top. Roug-h- 
en the top of the potatoes with a fork and bake 
twenty minutes in top of oven. Serve quite hot 
with the rest of the g-ravy strained. 

Mivss Barnktt. 

BKEF POTPIK 

3 ])<>unds of round beef, 
] large carrot, 

1 onion, 

1 turnip, 

Yz cupful of celery, 

1 or 2 tomatoes, 

2 tablCvSpoonfuls of butter, 

4 tablespoonfuls of flour, 

3 cupful s of hot water, 
3 teaspoonfuls of salt, 

y2 teaspoonful of pepper, 
1 tablespoonful of chopped parsley. 
Put the meat, cut in small pieces, in hot water 
and cook for about three-quarters of an hour at 
simmering point. Then add vegetables, cut in 
small dice and simmer until meat is tender. Melt 
butter and add flour; cook until frothy. Stir into 
'the stew. Add the chopped parsley last; then you 
may drop in the dumpling\s and cook about 
twelve minutes covered tightly. 

Miss Kmma BARNbrrr. 

RICK AND MKAT CROQUETTES 

1 cupful ])oile(l rice, 



MRATS 80 

1 cupful tinclv c hupped meat, 
1 teaspoonfui butter, 
5^ cupful milk, 

Put milk on to boil, then add meat, rice and 
vseavsoninj^. When it boils, add the egg well beat- 
en. Stir one minute, cool and shape into balls. 
Roll in egg and cracker crumbs and fry. 

Maggik Darling. 

WASH DAY MEAT PIK 

Made from cold veal and chicken left over from 
Sundav. Chop the veal but not too tine; season 
with a little salt, pepper, nutmeg and also the 
iuice of a lemon; separate the chicken from the 
bones and chop it; season with half a bunch of 
hnelv cho])j)ed celery, and a piece of butter the 
size of an egg cut in small pieces. Have the 
chicken gravv hot and half a dozen hard boiled 
eggs cut in quarters. For the crust, use two cup- 
fuls of tiour, two tablespoonfuls of cottolene, 
or lard, nearly a teaspoonfui of baking ])()wder, 
one egg and enough milk to make a soft dough. 
Line the sides of a pie dish with a crust (me- 
cpiarter inch thick, place the veal in the bottom 
of the dish, then a layer of the eggs, then the 
cho]){)ed chicken Pour the gravy over the pie. 
enough to make it (piite moist. Cover with a 
crust one-(|uarter inch thick. Bake in a slow oven 
one-half hour and send to the table in the dish in 
which it was baked. Mrs. W. K. Falla. 

HAKKD HASH, SPANLSH 

1 cupful cold cooked pork. 



SI MEATS 

1 cupful cold cooked beef, 

1 onion, 

2 chili peppers, 

1 spritr of parsley, 

3}4 cupfuls bread crumbs, 

1 cupful of strained tomatoes, 

^2 cupful olives, 

% cupful butter. 

Sage, th3"me, salt and pepper. 
Chop fine the beef, pork, onion, chili, and 
parsley. Add the bread crumbs, tomatoes, olives, 
butter and the seasonings. Mix well and bake in 
a buttered pan until brown. Serve with tomato 
sauce made as follows: two cupfuls of tomatoes, 
one small onion, one sprig of parsley, one leaf of 
celery. Simmer twenty minutes, press through a 
sieve, then add one tablespoonful of butter. Let 
come to a boil and thicken with one tablespoonful 
of flour. Salt and pepper to taste. 

Mrs. W. F. Falla. 

A BREAKFAST DISH 

Take one-half pound of sliced dried beef; pull 
into small pieces. Have a quart of milk boiling, 
into which drop the beef with a good piece of 
butter and a little jjepper. When it comes to a 
boil, thicken with flour. Toast a slice of bread for 
each person and poach in hot water the same 
number of eggs. Place one on each slice of toast. 
Put on a large platter and pour over the dried 
beef dressing. Amy Falla. 

STUFFFD BFFFSTFAK 

Take a good round steak and spread on it a 
well seasoned forcemeat. Roll up and fasten well. 



MEATS 82 

Roast for one-half hour, remove from the pan 
and serve with the gravy thickened a little and 
seasoned. LiZZiE Kaisrr. 

TO MAKE A STEAK TENDER 

Toug-h steak or mutton chops may be improv- 
ed by partly frying; then adding tomatoes and 
allowing meat to simmer for three-quarters of an 
hour. MRvS. D. Hallock. 

SPICED BEEP 

Ribs of beef, 

Brown sugar, 

Ground mace, nutmeg, allspice, cloves, 

ginger and salt. 
Take out the bcmes and rub meat well all over 
with sugar. Next day rub in the spices which 
should be well mixed. Then rub in sufficient salt 
to make a brine. Rub with salt and turn each day 
for ten davs or two weeks according to the size 
of the meat. Take out of brine, roll and bind 
tightly. Cut into cold water and boil not less than 
four hours. Place in a dish with weights to press 
it. Donotremove the binding until cold. A tongue 
prepared in the same wav is very good. 

Mrs. Thomas Nock. 

STUFFED VEAL WITH (;REP:N PEAS 

Remove the large bones from a loin of veal. 
Stuff the cavities thus made with a good force- 
meat of chopped pork, crumbs and seasoning, 
also a few chopped mushrooms. Cover the sides 
with thick sheets of greased writing paper. Put 
a cupful of SOU]) stock or gravv in the dripping 



83 MP. A IS 

pan and baste well for an hour with butter and 
water, afterwards with the gravy. Cook twelve 
minutes to the pound. Take off paper during- la.st 
half hour, dredge with flour, baste with butter 
and brown. Take up, keep hot while you skim 
fat from gravy. Stir into it one-half cupful of 
chopped mushrooms and a little browned flour. 
Have ready some green peas boiled and seasoned 
and make a circle of them about the veal when 
served. MRvS. Amy Palla. 

VKAL BALLS . 

Mince fine some cold veal. Add a few bread 
crumbs, an egg, pepper and salt. Mould into balls 
and fry in butter. When browned, remove from 
the pan and arrange neatly on a hot platter. 
Make a rich cream gravy of milk, flour and butter 
and pour over the balls, serving with parsley. 
Mrs. M. L. Parkhitrst. 

PRESSED VKAL 

Put about two pounds of veal in a pot with 
enough water to cover and boil until tender, add- 
ing salt to vseason. When about two-thirds done, 
take out and cut in small pieces. There should 
be about one-half pint of liquor left when the meat 
is done, if more, boil down, adding a little dill to 
flavor. Then add the liquor to the meat. Have 
ready a bowl lined with slices of hard boiled eggs 
and carefully put in the meat so as not to disturb 
the slices of eggs. Press by putting over it a 
plate with a weight on it. It will get firm with- 
out pressing by putting it awav in a cool place. 
When readv to use, turn out on a ])latter and 



MEATS S4 

j^arnish with dill or parsley. 

Mrs. D. H. Parkhurst. 

WHITJC SAUCK FOR VP^AL SOUFFLK 

4 tablespoonfuls of butter, 
4 tablespoonfuls of flour, 

1 teaspoonful of salt, 

A little paprika and pepper, 

2 cupfuls of scalded milk. 

Melt the butter, stir in the flour off the stove 
until smooth, then cook until froth}-. Add the 
milk gradually, stirring all the time, until at boil- 
ing point and all the milk is added. Beat until 
smooth, and your sauce is ready for serving as 
gravy, but if you want it thicker for serving 
with meat, add one tablespoonful of flour extra. 

Fmma Barnett. 

VFAL SOUFFLF 

2 cupfuls of linely minced veal, 
l^A cupfuls of thick white sauce, 
10 drops of celery extract, 

yz teaspoonful of grated onion, 
% teaspoonful of paprika, 
''4 teaspoonful of ])ep])er, 
A little parslev, 

3 eggs. 

Mix together everything but the eggs. Cream 
the yolks of the eggs (don't beat them) until per- 
fectly smooth and mix them with the meat. Beat 
up the whites of the eggs to a firm froth and fold 
them into the meat. Pour into a well greased 
dish, not more than two-thirds full. Sprinkle but- 
tered crumbs over and bake in a moderate oven 
until ])uffed u]) and brown; aV)out one-half hour. 



85 MEATS 

Serve as soon as taken from the oven with brown 
vsauce or tomato sauce. Kmma BarneTT. 

MARBLKD VKAL 

Boil the veal until very tender. Season to taste 
and pound to paste in a mortar, using melted but- 
ter as needed to form the paste. Skin a cold boil- 
ed tongue and pound to a paste with butter. Pack 
the veal and tongue in a mould in alternate layers. 
Press hard with a weight on top and let harden. 
Serve cold in thin slices. KaTK Mardkn. 

POULKTTKS 

Thin slice of butter, 

1 large tablespoonful of Hour, 

1 cupful milk or cream, 

1 cupful strained tomato juice, 

Worcestershire sauce, 

Salt and cavenne pepper. 
Melt and brown the Initter, stir in the ilourand 
then the milk or cream. When thick, add a cupful 
of tomato juice, salt, dash of cayenne pepper and 
a little Worcestershire sauce. Cut up sweet- 
breads and stir in the mixture. Serve on toavSt or 
in patty shells. Liver or ovsters may be used in- 
stead of sweet breads. Mrs. O. B. Wilbur. 

SCOTCH BROTH 

3 pounds of lean mutton, 

Vl cui)ful of pearl barley, 

^cupful each, onion, turnip, celerv, carrot, 

3 quarts of hot water, 

3 teaspoonfuls of salt. 



MEATS 86 

%. teaspoonful of white pepper, 

2 tablespoonfuls of butter, 

3 tablespoonfuls flour, 

1 tablespoonful chopped parsley. 
In making, first cut off fat, skin and bone and 
put the bones into a vSauce pan and cover with 
cold water. Brin«- to a boil slowly and cook while 
)^ou are preparing- the meat. Cut up the meat in 
small dice. Strain the water from the bones and 
add that and enough cold water to make three 
quarts to the meat. Let simmer and add the soak- 
ed pearl barley to the meat. Then add the chop- 
ped vegetables and cook slowly until the meat is 
tender. Now melt the butter and add the flour 
and cook until it froths; then stir it into the 
broth. Add seasoning and the finely chopped 
parsley. Serve hot. Emma Barnktt. 

MOCK DUCK 

Take a large pork tenderloin; cut about one- 
half inch thick, pound and beat it until it is thin 
and tender. Spread a thin layer of dressing on it, 
roll and bind with strips of muslin. Roast until 
done. At serving time remove the muslin, dust 
with crumbs and and brown in the oven. Nice 
hot or cold and served with apple sauce. 

Mrs. W. K. Marden. 

PORK CHOPS, SOUTHERN STYLE 

Parboil the chops, remove from the fire and 
dust with a little salt, pepper and sage; dip in 
Q'^'y, then in crumbs and put into a dripping pan 
with a lump of butter on each piece. Cover with 
another pan and cook in a moderate oven until 



&1 MEATS 

well done. Remove the pan and let them brown. 
Serve with cream sauce after adding to it the 
crumbs and dripping's found under the meat. 

Kate Harden. 

BACON SCRAMBLE 

Put a cupful of minced raw bacon into the fry- 
ing- pan and fry until the bacon is crisp. Have 
ready five fresh well beaten eggs with a table- 
spoonful of cold water. Pour the eggs into the 
pan on the bacon and cook until the eggs are done 
but not hard, stirring all the time. A nice break- 
fast dish. K. Marden. 

BACON, RIGHTLY BROILKD 

The only way to cook bacon — both for the 
matter of appearance and for digestive qualities — 
is to broil it, not over a bed of coals, but in a very 
hot ov^en. Cut the bacon in thin slices, rejecting 
the rind. Lay the pieces on a fine wire broiler. 
Place it over a dripping pan and set it in a hot 
oven. It requires to be turned just once. Drain 
the bacon on brown paper. If vou wish to serve 
calf's liver with this, sprinkle the liver with pep- 
per and salt, roll it in flour and fry brown in the 
bacon drippings. Serve with a curled morsel of 
bacon on top of each piece of liver. 

Mrs. a. Harris. 

PRIKD CALF'S LIVER, ITALIAN STYLE 

Chop or slice an onion and f rv in a little olive oil, 
(Gower's is best). Lift out the onion, roll slices of 
calf's liver in flour and frv until brown and quite 



MEATS 88 

done. Take out the liver, thicken with brown Hour 
the oil in the f rying^ pan, adding some chopped 
olives to it, and pour over the liver. 

Mrs. M. L. Parkhurst. 

TONGUE IN ASPIC JELLY 

Arranjje a layer of hard boiled eggs sliced on a 
layer of as])ic chilled in a mould. On sides of the 
chilled mould dispose slices of cucumber pickles 
and slices x)f tongue adding enough aspic jelly to 
hold the slices together. Let stand some hours. 
Garnish with cress and quarters of eggs. 

Lizzie Kaiser. 

TO curp: hams and bacon 

Sprinkle the bottom of a barrel with salt. Rub 
each piece of meat with salt. Let it la}' three 
days, then drain. Put in the following brine for 
four or six weeks; then smoke five or six days 
with apple or oak wood, green is best, or paint 
with liquid smoke. 
BRINE,— 

8 gallons of water, 
12 pounds of common salt, 
3 ])ounds of brown sugar, 
3 ounces of salt jjetre, 
3 teaspoonfuls of concentrated Ive. 
Boil all the ingredients together and skim. 
After it is cold, jjour over the meat. 

Mrs. S. Chambers. 

CURRY OF MUTTON 

S]irinkle one cuj^ful of rice into a large kettle 
ol boiling water. Boil rapidlv for twentv min- 



89 MEATS 

utes; drain and place it in the oven to steam. Put 
one tablespoonful of butter in a sauce pan, add a 
small onion cut into thin slices. Cook for about 
ten minutes, then add a tablespoonful of curry 
powder, one tablespoonful of flour and half a pint 
of boiling- water. Stir constantly until boiling; 
then add half a teaspoonful of salt and one pound 
of finely chopped cold cooked mutton. Stand the 
mixture at the back part of the stove to heat 
while you arrang^e the rice in a border around 
the serving dish. Turn the curry into the center, 
sprinkle over it a tablespoonful of lemon juice 
and serve at once. LiZZlE Kaiser. 

BOILKD HAM 

Wash, scrape, clean, place in warm water and 
simmer or boil lig^htly for five or six hours. Take 
out and shave off the rind. Rub sugar into the 
whole surface of the ham, so long- as it can be 
made to receive it. Place the ham in a baking- 
dish and pour over it a bottle of champagne or 
prime cider. Baste occasionally with the juice 
and let it bake an hour in a moderate oven, or, 
having taken off the rind, strew bread crumbs 
over it and vset it in the oven until the bread is 
crisp and brown. Semie Turner. 

MEATS AND THKIR ACCOMPANIMENTS 

Roast beef, grated horse radish. 
Roast pork, apple sauce. 
Roast veal, tomatoes or mushrooms, 
Roast mutton, currant jelly. 
Roast chicken, currant jelly, 
Roast turkey, cranberry sauce, 
Roast goose, apple sauce. 



MEATi 90 

Roast lamb, mint sauce, 

Roast duck and venison, currant jelly. 

Broiled mutton, caper sauce, 

Broiled turkey, oyster or celery sauce, 

Broiled chicken, celery or parsley, 

Broiled tongue, egg sauce, 

A NICE WAY TO FIX HAM 

After boiling, remove skin and rub all over with 
a beaten G:gg mixed with two tablespoonfuls of 
sugar. Then sprinkle with bread crumbs and set 
in the oven until a nice brown. M. L. P. 

BRAINS 

Take two or more cplves' brains; lay in salted 
water for two or three hours, then remove the 
outer skin and boil in salted water for ten min- 
utes. Take out and divide into sizable pieces for 
serving, roll in egg and then in cracker crumbs 
and fry a nice brown, turning them in the pan 
when one side is done until both sides are a nice 
brown. Don't have the pieces too large and be 
sure each one is thoroughly done. Serve with 
slices of lemon, or if preferred, you may lay each 
piece of the brains (without njlling in egg and 
cracker crumbs) on a large slice of bacon. Put in 
baking pan and bake one-half hour or until brown. 
I prefer the first method. 

M. L. Pakkhurst. 



Uegetabks. 

Mrs. a. E. Wagstaff. 

"Now good digestion wait on appetite, and health on both." 

Shakespeare, 

Vegetables do not contain the food values that 
cereals, nuts and fruits do, yet they form a very 
important element in the dietary of those who 
still adhere to the practise of meat eating, and a 
cook should not only be familiar with their nu- 
tritive values, but should also have a correct idea 
of the chemical effect of heat and water and salt 
upon the vegetables she uses for dinner. Here are 
a few things for her to remember: the most nu- 
tritious part of potatoes, carrots, pansnips and 
similiar tubers, lies near to the surface, so care 
should be taken to scrape or pare as thinly as 
possible. Steam or bake vegetables whenever 
practicable, as their finer flavors are thus more 
easily retained and they suffer less diminution in 
food value. In boiling, use no more water than is 
needful ,to cook them, as the water drained off 
carries with it desirable food properties. Be care- 
ful not to burn, as the least scorch ruins the deli- 
cate flavor of any vegetable. If necessarv to add 
more water have it boiling hot. 

In referring to the time-table at the end of this 
department, use judgment and count from the 
moment the pot actually begins to boil. Young 
vegetables require less time in cooking than those 
more fully matured. N. P. H. 

ARTICHOKES 

Pare and cut artichokes into slices about one- 



VEGETABLES 92 

eig-hth of an inch thick. Fry in sufficient boiling 
lard or olive oil (Gower's) to swim them. When 
a rich brown, sprinkle them with salt and serve 
hot. 

ASPARAGUS 

Choose fresh asparagus. Scrape off white skin 
from lower end. Lay in cold water until crisp. 
Put in boiling water which has been salted. When 
done, lay on slices of toast and serve with melt- 
ed butter. 

ASPARAGUS WITH CRKAM 

Wash asparagus, tie in bundles and plunge in- 
to boiling water salted, a teaspoonful for every 
quart of water. Boil rapidly for fifteen minutes. 
Take up, cut off the tender heads and put in a 
vessel with a cupful of milk or cream to every 
. quart of asparagus. Simmer ten minutes. Mix one 
tablespoonful of flour and butter together and 
stir into the milk. Add salt and pepper to taste 
and simmer five minutes longer. 

K. Marden. 

BEANS, SPANISH 

Boil one pint of dried beans in the regular way. 
When nearly done, let the water boil down and 
add one can of tomatoes. Let boil one hour and add 
a dash of cayenne pepper and one-half cupful of 
grated cheese. Mrs. D. S. Hallock. 

LIMA bf:ans 

Shell, wash and put into boiling water with a 



93 VEGETABLES 

little salt. When boiled tender, drain, season and 
dress with cream or large lumps of butter and let 
simmer for a few moments. 

BEANS AND OLIVK OIL 

Pick over and carefully wash two cupfuls of 
beans. Add six cupfuls of water and set on the 
back of the stove t& parboil. Have at hand an 
earthen bean crock. Into this slice a small onion, 
drop in a pepper-pod with the seeds removed, a 
dessert spoonful of salt and three tablespoonfuls 
of olive oil (Gower's), also a sprinkle each of mus- 
tard and thyme. When the beans are swelled out 
and tender, but not soft, pour them into the crock 
adding" two cupfuls more of water. Cover, set in 
the oven and bake twelve hours, or until a delicate 
brown. Mrs. Amos Harris. 

STRING BEANS 

Choose fine young beans. Remove strings and 
ends. Break in two and throw into a sauce pan 
of boiling water, well salted. When tender, 
drain in a colander and put in a small piece of 
butter and dash of pepper. 

GENUINE MEXICAN BEANS AS 
PREPARED IN MEXICO 

Use pink beans which may be procured at all 
grocery stores. To two cupfuls of beans add six 
cupfuls of water and soak over night. If in a hurry 
one may boil beans without previous soaking, but 
the soaking reduces the time of cooking by one 
hour. Add a small onion and boil gently until 
beans will mash between fini^ers. Do not throw 



VEGETABLES 94 

away liquid in which beans are boiled. Into a deep 
frying pan place a large cooking spoonful of 
fresh lard. Allow to become very hot. With 
perforated spoon, lay beans gently into pan. To 
avoid setting setting fire to lard, move to back of 
stove. After laying in as many as will absorb 
lard place pan again over hot fire and mix beans 
and lard thoroughly until beans appear to have a 
coating of lard and begin to burst. Add a cupful 
of the liquid in which beans were boiled and 
gently crush beans with cooking spoon, but do not 
mash. Add the remainder of liquid and allow to 
simmer on back of stove for one-half hour or until 
beans are of consistency desired, either with con- 
siderable liquid but thick, or quite dry. Success 
depends upon observing the following rules: do 
not add salt until beans are boiled soft. The onion 
is not perceptible after cooking, only giving the 
beans the characteristic Mexican flavor which no 
spice can produce. Have lard boiling. Do not 
boil beans in tin. Prepared spices or Mexican 
chili may be added after last portion of liquid is 
used. Repeated warmings improve taste. If very 
dry, add a little water and place in oven a few 
minutes. 

BRUSSKLS SPROUTS 

Pick, trim and wash a number of sprouts. Put 
into boiling water. Add a teaspoonful of salt. 
Boil for fifteen minutes in uncovered sauce pan. 
Drain when done and serve with melted butter. 

CABBAGK 

One small head of cabbage chopped fine, boil 
until tender, drain, add two beaten eggs, table- 



95 VEGETABLES 

Spoonful butter, three tablespoonfuls cream, pep- 
per and salt to taste. Stir well and let it come to 
a boil. 

BAKKD CABBAGE 

Cook as for boiled cabbage. Drain and set 
avside until cold. Chop fine, add two beaten eggs, 
tablespoonful butter, three of cream, salt and 
pepper to taste. Stir well and bake in buttered 
dish until brown. 

CARROTS 

To prepare them, — If they are plunged into 
boiling water for five minutes, the skin can be 
rubbed off much more easily than by the scraping 
process. After cutting into thin slices, put into 
a sauce pan with three tablespoonfuls of butter 
and three of water, a little salt and pepper. 
Cover the dish and stev^^ for thirty minutes. 
Meanwhile, beat light, the yolks of two eggs, 
and one-half cupful of cream. When carrots are 
cooked tender, pour this mixture over them in 
sauce pan and let it remain long enough for eggs 
to cook. 

CARROTS, PRKNCH METHOD 

Boil until tender, then cut lengthwise. Melt 
some butter in hot spider. When butter bubbles, 
lay in carrots. Sprinkle with sugar, salt, pepper 
and chopped parsley. Fry until crisp and brown. 

CREAMED CARROTS 

Scrape and boil whole fortv-five minutes. Drain 



VEGETABLES 96 

and cut into slices one-quarter inch thick. Cover 
with new milk. Add lump of butter rolled in 
flour with seasoning to taste. Serve in hot dish. 

LYONAISE CARROTS 

Lyonaise carrots are like the French method 
only cooking some chopped onion in the butter 
before putting in the carrots. 

CAULIFLOWER AU GRATIN 

Wash carefully and leave the head unbroken. 
Place it on a buttered bakingplate, sprinkle with 
Parmesan cheese, then with buttered crumbs and 
bake until browned. Send to the table on a hot 
platter and surrounded by a rich white sauce. 

GRFFN CORN, BAKFD 

Grease a deep dish,,, with butter. Grate two 
dozen ears of corn, add a teaspoonful of salt, a 
tablespoonful of white sugar, one quart of milk, 
two eggs well beaten. Lay a piece of butter the 
size of an egg on top and bake four hours. 

Mks. Manley. 
CORN OYSTERS NO. 1 

Eight ears of sweet corn grated, two cupfuls 
milk, three eggs, siilt and jjej>per, flourenough to 
make batter. Put tal)lesj3oonful of butter into a 
frying pan and drop mixture into the hot butter, 
one spoonful in a place. Brown on both sides. 
Serve hot. 



97 VEGETABLES 

CORN OYSTI^RS NO. 2 

Grate enough fresh corn to fill a pint measure. 
If canned corn is more convenient, press through 
a colander or sieve. Add the yolk of an egg beat- 
en light and salt and pepper to taste. Just before 
frying, add the beaten white of the eggs and if 
the mixture seems dry, add a little sweet milk. 
Drop in small spoonfuls into very hot butter. 
When a nice brown on one side, turn over. 
Serve while hot. 

E^SCALLOPED CAULIFLOWER 

Cook one hour in salt water. Drain and break 
apart. Put a layer of cauliflower in a dish, moist- 
en with cream sauce and sprinkle with cheese. 
Then another layer and so on. There should be 
two tablespoonfuls of grated cheese and one pint 
of sauce to one head of cauliflower. Cover with 
bread crumbs and cheese and dots of butter. Bake 
one-half hour in moderate oven. 

K. Marden. 

STKWED CKLERY 

Shred carefully. Cut in small pieces. Boil thirty 
minutes. Drain and add rich cream, a little flour, 
and butter enough to thicken cream. Dash with 
pepper. 

BAKED CORN 

Cut and scrape one dozen ears of corn. Add 
two eggs, butter, pepper sailt and one cup of 
milk. Bake about twenty minutes. 

Kate Marden. 



- VEGETABLES 98 

CORN, (SOUTHERN STYLE) 

To one can of corn (or five ears of green corn 
cut from the cob) , add two vslightly beaten eggs, 
one teaspoonful of salt, a little pepper, two table- 
spoonfuls of butter and a pint of hot milk. Pour 
into a buttered dish and bake in a slow oven until 
firm. Mrs. Amos Harris. 

EGG PLANT, (A) 

Take two medium sized Q^g plants. Boil in 
water until tender. Pour off water and peel off 
skin. When cool, add a little salt, one-half cup- 
ful of milk, one beaten *igg and flour enough to 
make a batter that will drop from the spoon. 
Drop by spoonfuls into hot lard. When brown on 
one side, turn, and brown the other side. 

M. L. Parkhurst. 

EGG PLANT, (B) 

Pare and cut into slices one-half inch thick, 
sprinkle with salt, cover and let stand one hour. 
Rinse with cold water, wipe each slice dry, dip 
first in beaten egg, then in rolled cracker crumbs. 
Season with salt and pepper and frv brown in 
butter or lard. 

PARSNIPS FRU^^D 

Scrape and cut into long slices, lioil until tender 
in salted water, dredge with flour, fry in hot lard 
(juite brown and serve hot. 

SWEET POTATO CROQUETTES 

Take cold boiltd sweet jjotatoes. rub through 

L.ofC. 



W VEGETABLES 

a colander, make into flat cakes, roll in flour, dip 
in beaten egg and fry in hot butter. 

PLAIN BOILED POTATOES 

Thoroughly scrub the potatoes, removing- all 
rough spots and blemishes, having selected those 
of uniform size. Drop them into boiling salted 
water and do not allow the water to stop bub- 
bling until the potatoes are done, which you can 
tell by trying them with a fork. When done, dash 
over them a cupful of cold water and drain at 
once. Remove the cover and set on the back of 
the stove to dry out. The}^ should then be peeled 
and put on the table at once or they will become 
"soggy." Any left over can be made into salad 
for supper. (See salad recipe). 

CREAM POTATOES 

Cut cold potatoes into slices. Put milk on the 
stove and add enough flour mixed with water to 
thicken. Put in the potatoes and boil until thick. 
x\dd salt, pepper and butter. Carrots, turnips 
and parsnips may be done the same. 

SARATOGA CHIPS 

Peel good vsized potatoes, slice them and drop 
in cold water. Put a few at a time into a towel 
and shake until dry. Have ready a kettle of boil- 
ing lard; drop in potatoes, stir occasionally and 
when brown, take out with a skimmer, sprinkle 
with salt and serve. 



LofC 



BAKED POTATOES 

Thoroughly scrub and remove all blemishes. 



VEGETABLES 100 

Pour boiling water over them, wipe dry and lay 
them in the coolest part of the oven that they 
may absorb the heat gradually for the first fif- 
teen minutes. Push them over to the hottest part 
to finish up. 

CURRIED POTATOES WITH 
SPANISH ONION 

Cut into dice shaped bits half a dozen cold 
b.oiled potatoes. Peel and slice a couple of onions 
and fry these with some bacon for five or ten 
minutes. Take out the bacon and onions, stir a 
teaspoonful of curry powder into the fat, put in 
the diced potatoes to heat through. Scatter over 
them chopped parsley and chopped canned Span- 
ish peppers. 

POTATO SOUFFLE, (CHAFING DISH) 

Mix a pint of mashed potatoes with half a cup- 
ful of thick cream and the whites of two eggs, 
beaten stiff. Put two tablespoonfuls of butter in 
the chafing dish and when very hot put in the 
potatoes in large tablespoonfuls. When brown 
on one side, turn, brown the other and serve im- 
mediately. 

BAKED MASHED POTATOES 

Take two or three cujjfuls of cold mashed po- 
tatoes and add one cujjful boiled rice. Then add 
a sufficient quantity of thickened milk gravy to 
make moist and l)ake one-half hour. 

Tabitha C. Harris. 



101 VEGETABLES 

ESCALIvOPKD POTATOES 

Use cold boiled or baked potatoes cut in squares. 
Put in a spider and cover with sweet milk. Rub 
together one spoonful of flour and one spoonful 
butter, stir into milk. Sprinkle with salt. Place 
in a baking" dish and put into oven to brown. 

POTATO BALLS 

Beat six boiled potatoes until fine and mealy, 
then add a little butter, salt, teaspoonful of chop- 
ped parsley, teaspoonful of minced onion and one 
well beaten egg. Work into small balls, dip into 
egg and cracker dust. Fry in hot butter. 

Mrs. Manley. 

CREAMKD BAKED POTATOES 

Bake enough nice smooth potatoes to serve 
your family. When thoroughly baked, remove 
from oven, cut a piece off from one end large 
enough to insert a spoon. Remove all the inside 
and mash, then add butter, salt, pepper and cream 
to taste. Beat thoroughly until light, then return 
to the potato shells and bake until a delicate 
brown. Serve hot in the shells. 

Helen L. Waterman. 

BAKED PEPPERS 

Take six large peppers; cut off end and take 
out seeds. Break one whole egg in each, season 
with salt, pepper and butter. Bake until tender. 
Have buttered toast ready and place each pepper 
on toast and cover with sauce made of stewed to- 
matoes, run through a sieve, seasoned and thick- 
ened with flour. Mrs. T. A. Ho AG. 



VEGETABLES 102 

SARATOGA POTATOES 

Pare and cut in very thin slices one-half dozen 
new potatoes, Let stand in cold water until crisp. 
Dry thoroughly in a napkin, separating slices. 
Drop into a skillet of boiling lard. Stir until a 
light brown color. Take out with wire spoon. 
Sprinkle with salt. Serve immediately. 

POTATOES, FRIED WHOLE 

Peel small sized potatoes. Steam or boil until 
nearly done, lift out and put quickly into a stew- 
pan with hot butter, meat fryings, beef drippings 
or any nicely flavored cooking fat. Shake them 
occasionally to prevent burning, until they are 
brown and crisp, then drain them from the fat. 
It will be an improvement if they are floured and 
dipped in the yolk of an egg, then rolled in finely 
sifted bread crumbs. This is a French method. 

Mrs. Z. L. Ward. 

SUCCOTASH 

Ten ears of green corn and one pint of lima 
beans. Cut corn from cob and stew gently with 
beans until tender. Use as little water as possible. 
Season with buttejr, salt and pepper. Add cupful 
of cream just before taking up. 

STUFFED TOMATOES 

Remove the seeds and pulp from the tomatoes 
by cutting a round from the stem end. Save this 
round to be used as a cover when the tomato is 
stufi"ed. Fill with minced chicken mixed with half 
its quantity of hard boiled egg yolks, a few bits 



Wi VEGETABLES 

of chopped green pepper and moisten with a very 
little melted butter and onion juice. Add needed 
salt. 

RHUBARB 

Rhubarb, when properly prepared, is very re- 
freshing and wholesome, but few people know 
the best way of cooking it. The fragrant stalks 
are especially succulent and need no addition of 
water to make the cooked sauce sufficientl}- juicy. 
Peel and cut them in inch-long pieces, put them 
in the upper part of a double boiler with a little 
sugar and steam until they are tender. The juice 
will be a rich, delicate syrup, tinged with a deep 
pink color. 

TOMATOES A LA CRKME 

Pare and slice ripe tomatoes, one quart of fresh 
ones or a one-pound can. Stew until smooth. 
Season with salt, pepper and butter. Just before 
taking from fire, stir in a cupful of cream with a 
tablespoonful of flour stirred smoothh^ in a part 
of it. Do not let it boil after the flour has been 
put in. Serve in a dish garnished with small pieces 
of toast. 

KIDNEY POTATOES 

Select small smooth potatoes. Boil with their 
skins on, then skin, roll in flour and put into the 
baking pan with the roast meat for the last ten 
minutes. 

INDIAN SUCCOTASH 
Take a pint of fresh beans, the small shell » 



VEGtTAliLES 104 

beans taken fresh from the vine, and boil in a 
quart of water one hour, then add the corn cut 
from six ears of fresh sweet corn. Be careful in 
cutting corn not to cut too close to cob. It is 
better to cut the kernels in the center and scrape 
the remainder ofF. Season with salt and pepper 
and cook twenty minutes after adding corn. Be 
careful not to scorch. M. L. P. 



TIME-TABLK FOR COOKING 
VEGETABLES 

Asparagus, 30 to 45 minutes. 
String beans, 1 to 2 hours, 
Shell beans, 2K hours, 
Young beets, 45 minutes, 
Cabbage, 45 minutes to 2 hours. 
Carrots, 20 to 40 minutes, 
Cauliflower, 20 to 40 minutes. 
Celery, 20 to 30 minutes. 
Corn, 12 to 20 minutes, 
Egg plant, 30 minutes. 
Onions, 30 minutes to 1 hour, 
Parsnips, 30 to 45 minutes. 
Potatoes, boiled, 30 minutes, 
Potatoes, baked, 45 minutes. 
Sweet potatoes, boiled, 30 minutes, 
Sweet potatoes, baked, 30 minutes, 
Peas, 20 minutes. 
Spinach, 20 to 30 minutes. 
Summer squash, 25 minutes, 
Turnips, 30 minutes. 
Tomatoes, stewed, 30 minutes. 



Salads. 

Mrs. G. S. Waterman. 



"Cheerf\il looks make every dish a feast, 
And 'tis tliat crowns a welcome." 



In making salads, it is necessary to have all the 
ingredients cold and all the vegetables fresh and 
crisp. If for any reason lettuce and celery and 
cabbage are not perfectly fresh, they can be made 
to seem so by putting them in water and setting 
them in a cold place for several hours. A little 
lemon juice added to the water in which celery is 
standing will help to blanch it — and it must be 
remembered that the appearance of the salad is 
fully as important as the taste. Almost an3^thing 
that is fresh and crisp and pretty may be used to 
garnish a salad, radishes cut in thin slices or fancy 
shapes, beets cut in dice, lettuce hearts, hard- 
boiled eggs, parsley, slices of tomato, olives, aspic 
or tomato jelly cut in cubes, nasturtium leaves 
and flowers. 

BOILKD SALAD DRESSING 

3 teavSpoonfuls mustard, 

2 teaspoonfuls sugar, 
1 teaspoonful salt, 

I teaspoonful flour, 
Yolks of three eggs, 

3 tablespoonfuls olive oil (Gower's), 
7 tablespoonfuls vinegar, 

II tablespoonfuls milk. 



SALADS 106 

Boil slowly until it thickens and set avva\' to 
cool. This dressing will keep indlienitely if put 
in a bottle and corked and it is useful for meats 
as well as salads. Mrs. R. H. MactILL. 

COOKED SALAD DRESSING, NO. 1 

Yolks of 4 egg's, 

4 tablespoonfuls milk, 

2 teaspoonfuls sugar, 

2 tablespoonfuls butter melted in ^ cupful 

vinegar and Yi cupful water, 

2 teaspoonfuls salt, 

1 teaspoonful Colman's mustard. 
Mix salt, vsugar and mustard with well beaten 
yolks. Stir into hot vinegar and butter which 
has been placed in double boiler. Stir frequentlv 
until it thickens. Mrs. E. G. Chaddock. 

COOKED SALAD DRESSING, NO. 2 

Vi tablespoonful sugar, 

1 teaspoonful dry mustard, 
A little cayenne and paprika, 

2 eggs, 

44 cupful sweet cream, 

V^ cupful vinegar, 

2/4 tablespoonfuls butter. 

V2 tablespoonful salt. 
Mix the dry ingredients. I^eat up the eggs 
lightlv and mix the cream with them. Add these 
and the butter melted to the dry ingredients, in 
a double boiler and mix thoroughlv. Then add 
the vinegar very slowly. If vinegar is verv acid, 
use two- thirds vinegar and one-third water. 
When vinegar is thoroughly mixed in. ])lace the 
l)oiler on the stove and stir constantly until thick. 
Miss Kath WyiiTTAKKK. 



107 SALADS 

FRKNCH DRESSING 

1 teaspoonful salt, 

% teaspoonful white pepper, 

A little paprika, 

4 tablespoonfuls vinegar, 

8 tablespoonfuls Gower's olive oil. 
Mix all the ingredients and pour into a bottle. 
Shake for a few minutes and you will have a per- 
fect mixture. This dressing- is useful for all veg- 
etable salads and for a marinade for chicken sal- 
ad where a mayonnaise is used for the top only. 
Miss Kate Whittaker. 

BOILED DRESSING FOR VEGETABLE 
SALADS 

2 eggs, beaten light, 
1% teaspoonfuls salt, 
1 teaspoonful sugar. 

1 teaspoonful mustard, 
A little pepper, 

1 tablespoonful Gower's olive oil, 
34 cofFeecupful vinegar, 
34 cofFeecupful milk. 
Mix these and stir until it boils; then remove 
from stove and beat a little with the egg beater. 
Reba Gorham Lynes. 

UNCOOKED SALAD DRESSING 

1 teaspoonful of sugar, 

}4 teaspoonful of mustard, 

^2 teaspoonful of salt, 

A little pepper, 

^ cupful of vinegar, 

}4 cupful cream, sour or sweet. 



SALADS 108 

Mix all the dry ingredients. Add the vinegar 
and mix well. Then beat up the cream very light 
and add to the mixture. It is better to use sour 
cream if vou have it, as sweet cream wnll some- 
times curdle. This dressing is especially nice for 
potato salad. MRvS. G. S. Watkrman. 

SALAD DRESSING 

3 teaspoonfuls mustard, 
3 teaspoonfuls sugar, 
iy2 teaspoonfuls salt, 

3 tablespoon f uls Gower 'ft olive oil, 
9 tablespoonfuls milk, 
9 tablespoonfuls vinegar. 
Add mustard, pepper and salt to yolk of eggs. 
Stir well. Add olive oil, one teaspoonful at a 
time, then add milk and lastly vinegar. P^oil in 
double boiler ten minutes or until it thickens a 
little, let cool, then add the whites of the eg^s. 

Mrs. Prich. 

SALAD SAUCK 

Boil two eggs three minutes. Mix with a mus- 
tardsp(.onful of prepared mustard a little pepi>er 
and salt, six tablespoonfuls of drawn butter or 
salad oil. six tal)lespoonfuls of catsup. This is 
excellent for <'old meat, salads or fish. 

Mrs. KT.H:iCBi'R(ii:R. 

CRKAM SAUCK FOR LETTUCP: OR 

cabp>a(;k 

Into a bowl put two tablespoonfuls of sugar, 
a saltspoonful of salt and pepper, a dash of cay- 



iuy SALADS 

enne. Mix and add six tablespoonfuls of thick 
cream. Stir and add four tablespoonfuls of vin- 
egar, more or less. Mrs. Turner. 

SALAD DRESSING 

1 cupful vinegar, 

2 eggs, 

3 teaspoonfuls made mustard, 

1 teaspoonful salt, 

2 tablespoonfuls sugar, 
1 pinch cayenne pepper, 

54 cupful of Gower's olive oil, 
1 tablespoonful flour, 
V2 cupful sweet milk. 
Beat the eggs well, make the flour smooth in 
the milk, add to eggs with other ingredients, 
beat well and stir into the boiling vinegar. Re- 
move when as thick as you wish. 

Kate Marden. 

BOILED SALAD DRESSING, NO. 2 

Cream together a heaping teaspoonful butter, 
stir in one o:^^ beaten light, a teaspoonful of 
white sugar, one-half teaspoonful each of pepper 
and mustard and four tablespoonfuls of vinegar. 
Put all in a saucepan and cook slow^ly stirring all 
the time. When the sauce is very thick take from 
the fire, salt to taste and put in a cool place. 
Just before using, thin with cream or milk to the 
consistency of double cream. Good for potato 
salad. Mrs. Turner. 

CREAM SALAD DRESSING 

7 hard boiled eggs, 



SALADS 110 

^2 pint cream, 

] dessertspoonful of made mustard, 
Vinegar, pepper and salt to taste. 
Cream yolks of eg^g-s, add pepper and salt, then 
the whites of the egg's chopped fine. 

Mrs. E. Nason. 

MAYONNAISE DRESSING 

Put the yolks of one or more raw eggs into a 
bowl; add a pinch of salt, pepper and dry mus- 
tard; then take a Dover egg beater and beat until 
thick, add two or three drops of Gower's olive 
oil, beat again, then a few drops of oil, beat 
again continuing thus until so thick as to clog 
the beater, then thin with a teaspoonful of lemon 
juice or vinegar, beat well; then add olive oil 
again, then lemon juice, continuing thus until you 
have used a pint of oil or as much as desired. 
When through beating it should be thick like 
whipped cream, and after being thoroughly chill- 
ed on the ice will be stiff like jelly. Will keep 
finely. In making this dressing the eggs, oil, vine- 
gar and bowl should be as cold as possible, and it 
should be made in a cold room. It takes but fif- 
teen minutes to make a pint. The old wav of 
making it with a fork would take from two to 
four hours for this amount. 

Mrs. Amos Harris. 

For those who do not like so much oil in a 
mayonnaise, whip one-half cupful cream and fold 
it in, or beat up the whites of tv^'o eggi^ and fold 
in. Miss Kate Whittaker. 

DRESSING FOR COLD SLAW 
Beat up tw«) tablespoon fuls of sugar, a j)ieceor 



m SALADS 

butter the size of half an eg-g, a teaspoonful of 
mustard, a little pepper and lastly a teacupful 
of vineg^ar. Put all these ingredients into a dish 
over the fire and cook like a soft custard. Some 
think it is improved by adding half a cupful of 
thick sweet cream to this dressing. In that case, 
use less vinegar. Kither wav is very fine. 

Mrs. George Clark. 

SALAD GREAM 

4 tablespoonfuls of butter, or 2 of butter 

and two of Gower's olive oil, 

1 teaspoonful of flour, 

1 teaspoonful of sugar, 

1 teaspoonful of salt, 

1 teaspoonful of mustard, 

1 cupful of milk, 

3 eggs, 

A speck of red pepper. 
Let butter and oil get hot. Add flour and stir 
until it is smooth, being careful not to brown. 
Beat eggs, salt and mustard. Add half a cupful 
of vinegar and stir into the boiling mixture. Con- 
tinue until thick. Mrs. ManlEY. 

WALDORF-ASTORIA SALAD 

Take equal parts of beets, apples and celery. 
Cut in small pieces and serve with maN^onnaise. 

Reba Gorham Lynes. 

GRAPE FRUIT SALAD 

Two cupfuls of grape fruit cut in small pieces. 
Serve with mayonnaise. 

Reba G ok ham Lynes. 



SALADS H2 

WALNUT SALAD 

Take one cupful each of chopped walnuts, 
either the native or ICnglish walnuts, celery and 
apples. Combine and sprinkle over two table- 
spoonfuls of sugar. Let thcvse stand ten or fifteen 
minutes. Immediately before serving, add the 
dressing. Spread whipped cream over the dish 
and garnish with perfect half meats. A cream 
dressing is preferable to one made with oil for 
this salad. Mrs. Louis H. Gould. 

PEANUT SALAD 

Romove hulls and skins from one pound of 
freshly roasted peanuts. Wash and crisp one 
head of fine lettuce; vselect thelighest andcrispest 
leaves and arrange for individual serving. Halve 
the nuts, place in the lettuce cups and dress with 
French dressing or with any salad dressing pre- 
ferred. Mrs. Louis H. Gould. 

CUCUMBER AND TOMATO SALAD 

Take tomatoes of equal size, cut oif the top 
and remove the inside. Sprinkle a little salt inside 
and turn the tomatoes upside down to drain. Pare 
some cucumbers and cut up fine. Mix equal parts 
of the cucumber and the tomato pulp, a tiny 
bit of chopped green peppers and onion. Mix with 
a, little cooked dressing and fill the tomato shells 
with the mixture. Serve on a bed of lettuce with 
a teaspoonful of mavonnaise on top. 

Mrs. R. H. Magill. 

COLD SLAW 

2 cu])iuls finelv ch«)pj)ed cabbage, 



JI3 SALADS 

1 cupful finely chopped celery, 
1 cupful finely chopped apples. 
Mix with a cooked drevSsing" and serve. 

MrvS. John C. Hagler. 

APPLE, NUTS AND CKLKRY SALAD 

1 cupful celery cut up fine, 
1 cupful apples cut up fine, 
H cupful nut meats chopped a little, (wal- 
nuts or peanuts are the best) 
3 tablespoonfuls of French dressing", 
A little salt. 
Mix all tog^ether. Scoop out the inside of some 
rosy cheeked apples and fill with the salad. Put 
on the top of each, one teaspoonful mayonnaise 
or cooked dressing". Serve on bed of lettuce. 
Mrs. G. S. Waterman. 

DAISY SALAD 

Put some shredded lettuce on a plate and pour 
over a little French dressing. Have ready some 
hard boiled eggs. Cut them in two leng"thwise 
and remove the yolks. Cut the whites in leng"th- 
wise strips and arrang"e like the petals of a daisy 
on the lettuce. Mash the yolks and mix wnth a 
little cooked dressing" and place for the center of 
the daisy. MRvS. G. S. Waterman. 

K(;g salad 

Take the yolks from four hard boiled eg"g"s;rub 
to a paste and season with salt and pepper. Cho]j 
the whites of the eggs and a little onion together 
and scatter over nice fresh lettuce leaves. Put the 



SALADS 114 

yolk paste in the center and pour over it a French 
or some other of the nice dressings mentioned in 
this department. 

CUCU]\1BKR AND ONION SALAD 

Pare cucumbers and lay in cold water one hour; 
do same with onions in another bowl. Then slice 
them in the proportion of one onion to three large 
cucumbers. Arrange in a salad bowl and season 
with vinegar, pepper and salt. 

Miss Kate Whittaker. 

A LITTLK GROUP OF SALADS 

Six pitted olives, 

Yt cupful blanched almonds chopped fine, 
^ cupful tender, finely cut celery. 
Mix with dressing and serve on lettuce. 

3 cupfuls of vSpinach finely minced, 
3 finely cut onions, 
3 sprigs of parsley and thyme, 
Serve with French dressing. 

1 cui)ful lettuce, 

1 cupful spinach. 
'4 cupful potatoes, 
'4^ cupful carrots, 

2 or 3 small onicms, 

1 cucumber, cut fine. 

Mix all together and pour French dressing 
over it. Mrs. Amos Harris. 

FISH SALAD 

2 heads of chicory cut uj) a little, 



115 SALADS 

A few slices of tomato, 
A little onion, garlic and green peppers 
cut up fine, 

3 or 4 slices of smoked salmon, cut up fine, 
1 box sardines, mashed. 
Garnish with lettuce leaves and serve with 
French dressing. Mrs. R. H. Magill. 

CUCUMBER SALAD 

Pick out nice even cucumbers. Keep them on 
ice long enough to get chilled through. Cut them 
in two lengthwise and with a small potato digger 
scoop out the inside, being careful not to break 
the outside skin or shells. Fill these shells with 
the little balls and a few Fnglish walnuts chop- 
ped fine. Place each one on a lettuce leaf and pour 
a nice salad dressing over. Serve as cold as poss- 
ible. Mrs. G. D. Van Vranken, Michigan. 

POTATO SALAD NO. 1 

3 hard boiled eggs, 

1 medium sized slice of bacon, 

1 small onion, 

yi pint of cream, sweet or sour, 

Vinegar, pepper and salt to taste. 
Cream yolks of eggs; add vinegar, pepper and 
salt; add onion chopped fine, then bacon chopped 
fine, then whites of e^gs, also chopped fine. Boil 
six medium sized potatoes, slice and add a la} er 
of potatoes and a layer of dressing until all is us- 
ed. Mrs. F. Nason. 

POTATO SALAD, NO. 2 

3 hard l)()iled eggs, 



SALADS 116 

Salt and pepper, 
1 tablespoonful vinegar, 
Six potatoes. 
Slice the eggs and potatoes. 

Miss Bowles. 

POTATO SALAD NO. 3 

1 quart of cooked potatoes, chopped fine, 
1 teaspoonfitl of black pepper, 
1 tablespoonful of celery and enough raw 
onion to season nicely, if desired. 
DRESSING,— 

6 hard boiled eggs, 

1 small teacupful of vinegar, 

1 tablespoonful of prepared mustard, 

3 tablespoonfuls of butter. 

Mix well together, then add two tablespoonfuls 
of Gower's olive oil. Add the vinegar last and 
salt to taste. Mix well with the potatoes and 
garnish with the whites of the cold boiled eggs. 

Mrs. Fred Nelson. 

CRKAM SALMON SALAD 

Upon a bed of lettuce leaves place the follow- 
ing mixture: 

4 sliced cold ])otatoes, 
1 cupful of cut celerv. 

1 can b(>neless salmon, 

2 hard boiled eggs cut fine, 

dkessinc;,— 

1 cupful rich cream, 
2% tablesjjoonfuls vinegar, 
1 teaspoonful mustard, 
A pinch of salt and red pepper. 
Pour dressing over salad and garnish with hard 



117 SALADS 

boiled eggs and celery tops. 

Mrs. Dahlgren. 

SHRIMP SALAD NO. 1 

1 larg"e can of shrimps, 
Best part of one head of celer}', 
A few lettuce leaves. 
Chop all fine and put in a dish garnished with 
lettuce leaves and cover wnth dressing made as 
follows: 

1 or ^2 cupfuls of sugar according to taste, 
Yolks of two eggs, 
Butter size of walnut, 
l4 cupful of cream, (milk may be used) 
Beat all together, bring to a boil, then add 
slowly one-half cupful of vinegar. 

Mrs. T. a. Hoag. 

SHRIMP SALAD, NO. 2 

1 can dr}' shrimps chopped fine, 
1 head of celery chopped fine. 
When each is sufficiently chopped, mix together 
w^th salt, pepper and dry mustard to taste. Then 
add one-half cupful of vinegar and two table- 
spoonfuls of Mayonnaise. Serve on lettuce leaves 
with a teaspoonful of mayonnaise on top. 

George M. Kohler, City Bakery. 

NUT SALAD 

6 olives, stoned and chopped, 
% cupful almonds, blanched and chopped, 
% cupful chopped celery. 
Mix with salad dressing and serve on lettuce 
leaf. Mrs. M. L. Park hurst. 



SALADS 118 

FRUIT SALAD NO. 1 

4 apples chopped, 

2 orang-es quartered and sliced, 

2 bananas, 

1 small bunch of celery, 

1 cupful or less of English walnuts, 
DRESSING;— 

Three tablespoonfuls vinegar. 

Yolks of 3 eggs. 
Cool until it thickens, stirring constantl3\ Add 
one pint thick cream, sugar, salt and ca)'enne to 
taste. Mrs. Kleebruger. 

PRUIT SALAD. NO. 2 

One dozen oranges, sliced and soaked in sugar 
over night. Make one quart of jelly with gelatine 
according to directions on package and put the 
oranges in the jelly when just ready to set. When 
thoroughly cold, serve with whipped cream. 
Cocoanut and pineapple may be added if desired. 

Mrs. Jordan Young. 

FRUIT SALAD NO. 3 

Oranges cut in pieces as large as the end of 
your thumb. Let the juice drain from them. Add 
one-half or one-third the quantity again of pine- 
apple (canned will do but candied is better) cut 
in quite large pieces. If you can obtain candied 
cherries, use them also, but it is very nice with 
just oranges and pineapple. Put on a large spoon- 
ful of the following dressing and keep as cool as 
possible: 

1 tablespoonful vinegar, 

2 tablespoonfuls water. 



119 ISALAUi 

2 tablespoonfuls sugar, 
Yolks of three eg"g"s well beaten. 
Put together, set on stove and stir constantly 
until it thickens. After this is cold and just be- 
fore using, add sweet whipped cream in any quan- 
tity desired. Mrs. K. V. KellEY. 

FRUIT SALAD DRESSING 

Beat the yolks of four eggs until light and grad- 
ually beat in one cupful of powdered sugar. Add 
one-half teaspoonful of salt. Beat until sugar is 
dissolved then add the juice of two lemons. This 
sauce may be added to the salad and kept on ice 
for an hour before serving. 

Mrs. G. S. Waterman. 

POTATO SALAD, NO. 4 

Slice cold boiled potatoes enough to fill a quart 
dish; siilt and pepper to taste. Chop two small 
onions very fine and add to potatoes. Put half 
a cupful of vinegar and one teaspoonful of butter 
in a pan and let heat gradually. Beat the yolks of 
two eggs well, pour in a cup, and fill the cup 
with thick sweet cream. Beat well together and 
stir in hot vinegar. Stir constantly until it reaches 
the boiling point, then pour it immediately over 
the potatoes and mix thoroughly. 

Mrs. Roy Palmer. 

HEAVENLY HASH 

Chop or cut up fine, bananas, oranges and pine- 
apple. Place in glass dish in layers, sprinkling 
with powdered vSUgar to taste. Mix one glass 
sherry with pineapple syrup and pour over dish 
of fruit. Improved if placed on ice before serving. 



SALADS \2i) 

Serve angel cake with it. This recipe may be 
varied, using fresh fruits in season. Apricots and 
pineapple combine well. Mrs. J. P. MORGAN. 

CREAM SLAW 

One-half head of cabbage cut fine. Sprinkle 
over it dry mustard, salt and pepper very spar- 
ingly. 

DRESSING,— 

14 to 1 cupful sugar, 
Yolks of 2 eggs. 
Butter size of an walnut, 
^4 cupful sweet cream. 
Beat these well together. Take one cupful good 
cider vinegar; let it come to a boil and stir in 
slowly the beaten sugar, eggs and other ingredi- 
ents. Let boil. Pour over cabbage while hot and 
cover. If wanted more moist, add one-half cupful 
milk to the cream. 
Mrs. Chestina Hutchinson Wooster. 

CORNED BEEF SALAD 

Cut cold corned beef into small pieces and 
sprinkle lightly with freshl}^ grated horseradish. 
Mix with about one-third the quantity of cold 
potato cut into cubes and cover with a French 
dressing. Serve on lettuce leaves. 

Mrs. M. L. Parkhurst. 

LOBSTER SALAD 

1 can lobster, 
6 large potatoes, 
3 good sized stalks of celery. 
Chop all fine, season with salt and mix with 



121 SAUDS 

mayonnaise dressing. 

Mrs. D. S. Hallock. 

SALMON AND CUCUMBKR SALAD 

After boiling, while salmon is still hot, flake in- 
to small bits, sprinkle over lemon juice, onion juice, 
pepper and salt. Set away to cool. When ready 
to serve, put the salmon with thin slices of cu- 
cumber on lettuce leaves. Cover with tartare 
sauce. Chopped green peppers may be added. 
Mrs. M. L. Parkhurst. 

chicke:n salad 

Boil three chickens until tender, salting to 
taste. When cold, cut in small pieces and add 
twice the quantity of celery cut up with a knife, 
but not chopped, and four cold hard boiled eggs 
thoroughh^ mixed with the other ingredients. For 
the dressing, put on the stove, a sauce pan with 
a pint of vinegar and butter the size of an egg. 
Beat two eggs with a tablespoonful of mustard, 
one of black pepper, two of sugarand ateaspoon- 
ful of salt, and when thoroughly beaten together 
pour slowly into the vinegar until it thickens. 
Be careful not to cook too long or the egg will 
curdle. Remove, and when cold, pour over salad. 
This may be prepared the day before, adding the 
dressing just before using. Add lemon juice to 
improve the 'flavor and garnish the top w4th slices 
of lemon. Mrs. Thomas Aten. 

SALMON SALAD NO. 1 

Set a can of salmon in a kettle of boiling water. 
Let boil twenty minutes. Take out of the can 



SALADS 12 2 

and pour off the juice or oil; put a few cloves in 
and around it. Sprinkle salt and pepper over, 
cover with cold vinegar and let stand a day. Take 
from the vinegar nnd la}' it on a platter. Prepare 
a dressing made as follows: beat the ^^olks of two 
raw eggs w4th the yolks of two hard boiled eggs 
mashed as fine as possible. Add gradually a table- 
spoonful of mustard, three of melted butter, or 
the best of sah^d oil, a little salt and pepper and 
vinegar to taste. Beat the mixture a long time, 
cover the salmon thickly w^ith a part of the dress- 
ing. Tear into small bits the crisp inside leaves 
of lettuce. Mix w4th the remainder of the dress- 
ing and pour over the salmon. 

Mrs. Thomas Atrn. 

SALMON SALAD NO. 2 

Break up salmon with a fork. Cut celery in rather 
small pieces, using one-third fish and two-thirds 
celery. Cover with the following dressing: 

1 tablespoonful vinegar, 

2 tablespoonfuls water, 
1 tablespoonful sugar, 

3 volks of eggs well beaten. 

Put together, set on stove and stir constantly 
until it thickens but do not let it boil ; then add one- 
half tablespoonful butter and one-half tablespoon- 
ful mustard. Mrs. K. V. KkllKY. 



€ggs. 



Mrs. Z. L. Ward. 



Kggs are regarded by some as a g^reat delicac}- 
by others as a prime article of food, but in either 
case, the mode of cooking- has much to do with the 
healthfulness and satisfaction of eating. The 
yolk is considered much more nutritious than the 
white. The quality of eggs vary considerably 
according to the food upon which the fowls are 
fed. Certain foods communicate distinct flavors. 
Powls that get plenty of grain produce the best 
and heaviest eggs; the yolks are darker and the 
whole egg is stronger than those produced from 
grass and fruit. It is said that dark shelled eggs 
are much richer in flavor and have larger yolks 
than white shelled eggs. 

There are several ways to test eggs. A good 
way is to drop them into a bucket of water. A 
fresh egg will go quickly to the bottom and rest 
on its side. An older one will stand on the little 
end and as they get older and lighter, will rest 
farther and farther from the bottom. A bad egg 
always floats. This is an infallible rule to distin- 
guish a good egg from a bad one. E^ggs should 
be kept in a cool, dry place and handled with care 
as rough treatment may cause the yolks to mingle 
with the whites bv rupturing the membrane which 
separates them; then the egg spoils quickly. 

TO PREvSKRVK EGGS NO. 1 

Fill a five-gallon keg with fresh eggs; pour 



EGGS 124 

over them strong- lime water in which has been 
dissolved a teacupful of salt; put a light w^eig-ht 
on top, al\va3^s takingcare that the eg-gs are com- 
pletely covered; as the water evaporates, add 
more. No proportions are neceSvSary in prepar- 
ing the liquid as only a certain amount of lime can 
be absorbed by water. The thicker the mixture, 
the more inconvenient it is to remove the eggs. 
All eggs that crack will be unfit for use. 

TO PRESERVE EGGS, NO. 2 

Take a colander full of fresh laid eggs and pour 
a teakettleful of boiling water over them. The 
heat of the water cooks the white of the e^g 
sufficiently to keep out the air. 

TO PRESERVE EGGS, NO. 3 

Dip each Qgg in gum arable water, melted 
grease, or a vsolution of water and plaster paris. 
In either case, a coating is formed on the shell, 
making it air tight. Take good fresh eggs and 
wrap each one in vsoft paper (soft newspaper will 
do) the same as lemons and pack them in a box 
with the small end down always, never allowing 
the shell of one egg to touch the shell of another. 
Put in a dark cool place and you will be surpris- 
ed to see how long they keep good. 

HOW TO ECONOMIZE WITH EGGS 

Left over yolks of eggs put at once into a glass 
of cold water will keep fresh and soft for several 
days, while if put into a dry cup and covered, the 
volks would be unlit for use the second day. Drop 



125 EGGS 

them in a tin of hot water and cook, then they 
can be used in salads, as a garnish, or in soups. 
Left over whites can be used for meringues, or 
made into macaroons or kisses, (see candies). 
Where hard boiled yolks are wanted, it is much 
better to carefully separate the yolks from the 
whites and drop the yolks into water that is boil- 
ing hot; cook vslowl y twent}^ minutes. In this way 
the yvhites are saved for another purpose. Left 
over soft boiled eggs may be boiled again and 
laid aside to be used cold in a salad, sauce, or as 
a garnish or sandwich. To boil a slightly crack- 
ed eg^ without having the contents burst out of 
the crack, carefulh^ pierce the shell at the big 
end. The unwhipped white of eggs makes a good 
paste for pasteing paper over the top of jelly 
tumblers. To beat the whites of eggs stiff, means 
to have them stiff enough to remain in the bowl 
or dish if it were turned upside down. To beat 
eggs lightly, stop beating before they foam. Ten 
common eggs weigh a pound. 

BOILK.D WKrS 

Give a fresh laid otg^ one-half minute longer to 
boil. Place the eggs in a pan or small kettle and 
pour boiling water over them to cover well and 
set on the back of the stove where they will keep 
hot but not boil for five minutes. Three minutes 
cooks the whites about right for soft boiled eggs. 

MRvS. J. A. TURNKR. 

BAKED PX;GS 

Take a hc^t platter. Break on it as manv eggs 
as you need for your meal. Sprinkle with salt, 
pepper and lumps of butter. Set in the oven and 



EGGS I2fi 

in about live minutes the whites will be set and 
eg-gs sufficiently cooked. This is a handy way on 
wash or ironing- da\' when the stove is all in use. 
Another way is to butter vSome g^em irons and 
break an egg in each one. Pepper and salt. Put 
a small lump of butter on each one and set in the 
oven. Will cook in a very short time. The irons 
should be hot when the eg-gs are broken into them. 

BAKKD EGGS IN TOMATO CUPS 

Choose larg;e round tomatoes; cut off the tops 
(do not skin them), scoop out the pulp, dust with 
salt and pepper; put small lump of butter in each 
one; place them in a pan and bake for ten min- 
utes. An odd but toothsome luncheon. If you 
wish, sprinkle them lightly with cracker crumbs 
before putting- them in the oven. 

Mrs. Z. L. Ward. 

SCRAMBLED EGGS 

Put a tablespoonful of butter into a frying pan. 
When hot, put in the desired number of ej^^g-s 
beaten lightly. Pepper and salt them and add 
half a cupful of milk or cream to a dozen eggs. 
Stir constantly and as socm as they begin to set, 
take them off and jxmr out. They must not be 
hard. 

POACHED ECxGS 

Place some muffin rings in boiling water. Break 
an e^^ in each ring and it will take the form of 
the ring and be much more pleasing in a])pear- 
ance than the ordinary way. When ])oaching 
eggs for children, use beef broth or milk occa- 



127 EGGS 

sionally. They will appreciate the change. Sea- 
son with salt only. When poaching eggs in water 
always use a teaspoonful of vinegar or lemon 
juice to one pint of water to set the whites of 
eggs. 

FRIED KGGS 

Put a teaspoonful of butter and one-half tea- 
spoonful of lard in the frying pan and let it get 
hot; then break in the eggs and fry quickly. 
When about done enough to suit the taste, baste 
them over the top with a spoonful or two of hot 
grease, or turn them over and take up quick. 
Kggs to be good, must be fried quickly and not 
in too much fat and taken up the moment they 
are done. To cook eggs in gem irons, put the 
irons on top of the stove to get hot; put in a small 
piece of butter and cook either on top of stove or 
in the oven. 

FRIED EGGS WITH HAM 

Fry the ham in its own fat, 'then fry the eggs 
afterward in the same. Dish up on the same 
platter. 

EGGS WITH BROILED HAM 
OR BEEF STEAK 

Broil thin slices of ham or steak. When done, 
put a bit of butter on each slice (if beef, jx-pper 
and salt). Poach the eggs in hot water and lay 
one neatly on each slice. 

POACHED EGGS IN TOMATOES 

Boil one pint stewed tomatoes; slip in gently 



EGGS 128 

one-half dozen e^^gs. Keep the tomatoes just be- 
low the boiling point until the eggs are done. 
Serve on toast, or if preferred, break both yolks 
and whites with a fork when half done. Season 
with pepper, butter and salt. 

BUTTERKD EGGS OR KGG TOAST 

Beat well together the whites and 3'olks of four 
fresh laid eggs. Put one and a half tablespoonfuls 
butter in a basin and stand it in hot water, stir- 
ing it all the time until it is melted. Pour the 
butter and eggs into a lined sauce-pan, hold it 
over a gentle fire and as the mixture begins to 
warm, pour it two or three times into the basin 
and back again that the two ingredients may be 
well mixed. Keep stirring the eggs and butter one 
way in the sauce-pan until they are hot without 
boiling. Send to the table on a warm flat dish 
with some slices of hard boiled eggs on the top, 
or spread very thick on buttered toast. In either 
way they must be served very hot. 

CURRIFvD KGGS 

6 eggs, 

2 onions, 

1 tablespo(mful of curry i)o\vdcr, 

1 pint broth, 

1 cupful cream. 

Arrowroot, 

Butter. 
Slice onions and fry in butter a light brown, 
add currv powder and mix with the broth, allow- 
ing to simmer until tender; then put in cream and 
thicken with arrowroot; simmer for five minutes, 
then add six hard boiled eggs cut in slices. 



J29 EGGS 

cre:amkd eggs, no. i 

Boil four or five eggs hard. Cut them length- 
wise and pour over them a white sauce which is 
made by rubbing together a tablespoonful butter 
and a tablespoonful flour. Stir this into a large 
cup of boiling milk. ASd a little salt and pour 
over the eggs, or you may poach the eggs, put 
them in a deep dish, grate over them a little mild 
cheese, pour the white sauce over and place in the 
oven for five minutes. 

cre:amkd eggs, no. 2 

Creamed eggs are made by poaching eggs in 
boiling water, one tablCvSpoonful of vinegar to set 
the whites and one teaspoonf ul of salt to one pint 
of water. Simmer from three to four minutes(no 
longer); take up and have some warmed cream, 
butter, pepper and salt to pour over them. Serve 
hot or make a mock cream of one pint of boiling 
milk, two tablespoonfuls sugar, a little butter, 
two even tablespoonfuls of corn-starch rubbed 
smooth in cold milk; bring to a boil, stirring con- 
stantly. Then pour the hot mixture over the well 
beaten white of (me e^^, beating thoroughly all 
the while. Cook to the consistencv of cream. 
MRvS. K. E. Krllogg, Battle Creek, Mich. 

EGGS A LA CREAM, NO. 1 

Boil twelve eggs fifteen minutes. Line a dish 
with very thin slices of bread and fill with a layer 
of eggs cut in slices, strewing them with a little 
bread; pepper and salt. Rub together a quarter 
of a pound of butter with two tablespoonfuls of 
flour. Put it in a sauce-pan with a tables])oonful 



EGGS J30 

of chopped parsley, a little onion grated, pepper, 
salt and half a pint of hot milk or cream. When 
hot, pour over the eggs, cover the top with grat- 
ed bread crumbs and put in oven. Let it heat 
thoroughly and brown. 

EGGS A LA CREME, NO. 2 

6 eggs, 

1 tablespoonful Hour, 

1 tablespoonful butter, 

1 half pint of milk, 

Salt and pepper to taste. 
Boil the eggs slowly fifteen minutes, remove the 
shells and cut them in half crosswise. Slice a 
little off the ends to make them stand. Put the 
butter in a frying pan to melt, then add the flour. 
Mix until smooth, add the milk and stir contin- 
ually until it boils, add salt and pepper. Stand 
the eggs on a heated platter, pour the sauce over 
and around them; serve hot. 

EGGS IN CREAM 

Put a half cupful or more of cream into a shal- 
low earthen dish and place in a pan of boiling 
water. When the cream is hot, break in as many 
eggs as the bottom of the dish will hold. Cook 
until well set, basting them over the top with the 
hot cream— or put a spoonful or two of cream 
into individual or vegetable dishes, break an i^^^ 
in each and cook in the oven, or in a steamer over 
bailing water. JosKPHINK MiTCHKL. 

creamp:d e(;gs no. 3 

Boil six eggs twenty minutes. Make one pint 



131 EGGS 

of cream sauce. Have six slices of toast on a hot 
dish. Put a layer of sauce on each one, then a 
part of the whites of the egg's, cut in thin strips, 
then a layer of yolks rubbed through a sieve. Re- 
peat and finish w^ith a third layer of sauce. Place 
in the oven about three minutes. Garnish w^ith 
parsley and serve. K. Marden. 

EGGS WITH CRKAMKD BKEF 
OR COD FISH 

Just before dishing the beef or fish, poach as 
many eggs as there are persons to be served and 
place in the dish, pour the hot creamed meat over 
them and serve. Another way is to drop the eggs 
into the pan with the meat and let them cook un- 
til done. Care must be used not to break the eggs 
in transferring from the pan to the dish. 

EGGS WITH CRKAMKD POTATOES 

Peel some small potatoes or three or four good 
sized ones; cut them in pieces about one and one- 
half inches thick; cook in stew kettle with three 
pints of hot water; when nearly done, add salt, 
pepper, tablespoonful of butter, teaspoonful of 
flour and a cupful of heated milk or cream. Break 
four or five eggs in the liquid on top of the pota- 
toes and poach until sufiiciently cooked. Lift the 
eggs out with a tablespoon on a warm plate and 
put on some butter, pepper and salt; take up the 
potatoes and serve an egg with each spoonful of 
potatoes or slip the eggs on top of the potato 
dish and serve. Mrs. Z. L Ward. 

EGGS WITH FRIED POTATOES 

Fry the potatoes nicely and break over the top 



EGGS 132 

two or three eggs and stir into the potatoes 
while hot enough to cook the eggs. Abetter way 
is to break the eggs into a cup, pour in a spoonful 
of hot water and give them a whip or two with a 
fork, just enough to break them; the water keeps 
them from being string}^ 

EGGS WITH ONIONS 

Cut an onion in small pieces like dice, fry it 
lightly in a tablespoonful of butter then dash in 
a teaspoonful of vinegar. Butter a shallow^ dish, 
sprinkle the onions over it and break in five eggs. 
Be careful not to break the yolks. Bake in a hot 
oven until the whites become a delicate film. Dust 
with salt and pepper and sprinkle all over with 
bread crumbs fried delicately brown in butter. 
Garnish with water cress or parsley. 

KG(; CHOWDER 

Frv some pork; peel and slice vsome onions in the 
hot fat; slice some potatoes on top and let cook; 
season with pepper and salt. Stir to keep from 
burning and just before taking off break in as 
many eggs as there are persons to serve and let 
boil up sufficiently to cook them through; season 
with ]3epper and salt. If there is not enough fat, 
use some butter. Be careful not to put in too 
man V potatoes. One large onion and two common 
sized potatoes is about right. 

Mrs. Z. L. Ward. 

EGG BALLS 

Yolks of four hard boiled eggs mashed fine 
with the yolk of one raw^ ^^J^i '^ teaspoonful of 



133 EGGS 

flour, salt and pepper to taste and a sprinkle of 
parsley. Make into balls half the size of a thimble 
and boil in clear water slightly salted for two 
minutes. To be added to soup when ready to 
serve. 

DKVILKD EGGS, NO. 1 

Put the required number of eggs into a kettle, 
pour cold water over them and allow it to come 
to a boil and boil steadily for ten minutes. Re- 
move the shells and cut the eggs in half the round 
way. Take out the yolks and clip off each round- 
ed end so the}'- will stand like little cups. Then 
mash the yolk, add salt and vinegar sufficient to 
make a very smooth stiff paste. If desired, chow- 
chow or finely minced ham, either is good, may 
be added. After the whites have been refilled with 
the mixture, sprinkle a little black pepper over 
the top of each one. These are nice served with 
salad. Emma Barnett. 

DEVILED EGGS, NO. 2 

Boil a dozen eggs full twenty minutes; drop in 
cold water and remove the shell. With a sharp 
knife cut in halves lengthwise; take out the yolks 
carefully and rub fine; season with pepper, salt, 
a little cayenne, a tablespoonful of prepared mus- 
tard, and three tablespoonfuls of melted butter. 
Mix all thoroughly together and fill the eggs with 
the mixture. Put the hi* Ives together and tie 
with a thread. If for picnic, tie with very narrow 
ribbon. DAISY M. EvEKAULL. 

STUFFED EGGS 

Cut a piece off of verv hard boiled eggs. For 



EGOS 134 

stuffinjj', use the yolks made very fine and some 
very finely chopped ham or veal, orbits of beef or 
dried beef, salt, pepper, a little dash of cayenne 
or ])epper sauce, butter and cheese. A few drops 
of onion juice or bottled mustard is ^ood. Any or 
all of these make verv good stuffing for eggs if 
properly mixed together. Stuff and fasten the 
end piece on with tooth -picks cut in two. If stuff- 
ed eggs or deviled eggs are to be served hot, dip 
in beaten egg, roll in cracker dust and fry in hot 
lard or put them on a tin j^late with some butter; 
put in what is left of the stuffing, sprinkle crack- 
er dust over and bake. Boneless sardines with the 
skin removed, minced fine, also oysters make 
good stuffing when mixed with the yolks. 

PICKLKD KGGS, NO. 1 

Boil eggs verv hard and remove the shell; take 
one teaspoonful each of cinnamon, allspice and 
mace, put in a little muslin bag in cold water, 
boil well and if it boils away, add enough to make 
one-half pint when the spices are taken out. Add 
one pint of strong vinegar; pour over the eggs. 
If you want them colored, put in a little beet 
juice. Another wav is to boil -six beets until ten- 
der using a little sugar in the water to cause 
them to keep their sweetness. Do not break the 
skin or thev will lose both their color and sweet- 
ness. When done, remove skins and slice. Boil 
one dozen eggs, remove vshells and add to the 
beets; while beets and eggs are still warm cover 
with good vinegar. Mrs. M. A. Marston. 

PICKLED p:g(;s, no. 2 

Put ;■ (]uart ol" strong vinegar in a stew-pan 



135 EGGS 

with one-half ounce black pepper, one-half ounce 
Jamaica pepper, one-half ounce ginger and let 
simmer fifteen minutes. Boil sixteen fresh eggs 
twenty minutes; dip in cold water and shell; put 
in a jar and pour over the vinegar boiling hot. 
When cold, tie a bladder over the top to exclude 
the air, or a paper dipped in the unbeaten white 
of an egg and newspaper on top. 

Z. L. Ward. 

EGG (^EMS 

To one cupful of finely chopped meat add one 
cupful of bread-crumbs, one spoonful of finely 
chopped onion; season with pepper and salt and 
a spoonful of melted butter. Add enough milk 
to bind together. Have large gem pans well 
greased and nearl}^ fill with the mixture. Break 
an egg carefully on top of each one. Dust with 
salt and bake eight minutes. 

E(;GvS gn foam 

Break six or eight eggs; be careful not to break 
the yolks and beat the whites to a stiif froth; 
place them on a baking pan in a cone shape; make 
holes in the beaten whites and place the yolk in 
them. Sprinkle each yolk with white pepper, 
salt and bits of butter, put in slow oven a few 
minutes and serve hot. The whites should be 
beaten thoroughlv stiff. Hasten into the oven or 
the volks will sink into the whites too deep. 

Mrs. Z. L. Ward. 

vSNOW KGGS 

Eggs, 



EGGS 136 

1 quart milk, 

Lemon rind or vanilla. 
Put the milk into a sauce-pan with rind of half 
a lemon and .sug^ar to sweeten nicely. Steep and 
bring- to the boiling' point. Beat the whites to a 
very stiff froth, adding a little salt and drop 
from spoon into the hot milk. Keep turning- each 
spoonful until cooked; place them on a glass dish 
add just a little more sugar and vanilla, pour the 
hot milk in the well beaten yolks, place this dish 
in a sauce-pan of boiling- water and stir it one 
way until the mixture thickens. Do not allow it 
to boil or it will curdle. Pour this custard over 
the whites; they should rise to the top. To be 
eaten cold or warm. 

Norma Ward Baker, Salem, Ore. 

SNOW BC^GS AND CUSTARD 

Break eight eggs, leaving out the whites of 
four; add to them when well beaten, one quart 
of milk and five ounces of vSUgar. Have a shallow 
pan of hot water in the oven, set the dish into it 
and bake until the custard is thick, then set away 
to cool. When cold, beat the remaining four 
whites to a stiff froth, add half a pound or coffee 
cupful of sugar and teaspoonful of lemon juice 
and lay the whites over the top in heaps but do 
not let them touch. 

HEN'S NKST 

Take the number of eggs you wish and make 
a hole in one end with a pin. Take out all the 
white and volk, fill the shells with a li(|uid blanc 
mange, stand each shell in a cup and put away to 
cool. Put some orange marmalade on a dish; 



137 EGGS 

when the blanc manj^-e ivS hardened, break off the 
v'ihells and stand the eggs whole in the center of 
the orange marmalade. This looks like a nest of 
eggs and is quite pretty on a supper table. 

TO COLOR KGGS FOR KASTER 

Wind strips of bright colored calico around 
them and then boil in lye, You will find them 
gayly colored. To color eggs yellow, boil them 
with onion vskins. 

i:ggs a la SUISSE 

4 eggs, 

1 tablespoonful butter, 

2 tablespoonfuls grated cheese. 
Buttered toast, 

^2 cupful cream, 
Salt and paprika. 
Melt the butter, add cream and when hot. slip 
the eggs gently in. When they are just set, sea- 
son, sprinkle with the cheese, and lay each e^g 
on a piece of toast. Pour the cream over and 
serve at once. 



Omelettes, 

Comparativelv few of our houskeepers dare 
attempt to make an omelet, but there is nothing 
difficult about it. The chief cause of failure is in 
not having the spider or skillet hot enough or in 
making an omelet too large for the pan. Tin 
pans or frying pans should not be used as they 
are too thin and the omelet is liable to burn in 
spots. The spider should always be hot enough 



EGOS 138 

for the fat to instantly hiss. If butter is used 
for the pan, always use less salt in the omelet. 
The common rule is one egg for each person and 
nearl}" one teaspoonful of liquid to each egg; 
milk is generally used, cream is much better, or a 
few spoonfuls of hot water in case milk is jiot 
handy makes the omelet very tender. Never use 
more than four or five e«"^s for one omelet; if 
more is needed, better make two or more omelets; 
if too thin in the pan they are not good. The 
skillet or omelet pan should always be very 
smooth. 

PLAIN OMKLET 

Beat the yolks of four eggs to a cream; add 
three or four tablespoonfuls of cream or milk, 
one tablespoon ful of flour, just level full, one- 
fourth teaspoonful of salt, pepper to suit the 
taste. Beat the whites to a stiff froth and fold 
or beat (do not stir) them gently in. Have the 
skillet smoking hot; put in a tablespoonful of 
butter and then the mixture. Do not stir 
after it goes in. Cook over a moderate fire and 
do not allow it to scorch on the bottom, better 
set on top of lid if the stove be hot enough. 
As soon as set, cut in the middle and lay the two 
soft sides together or set in the oven on the grate 
two minutes to finish cooking. Serve hot. An- 
other way is to beat the whites and yolks of five 
eggs together thoroughly, add one tablespoonful 
of cream or milk and a little pe])per and salt. 
Pour the mixture in a hot buttered skillet and as 
soon as the omelet begins to thicken well, begin 
to roll it up from one side like a jelly roll and if 
there is any moisture in it, let it run down to the 
side or lower end and keep rolling until it is all 
rolled up; set skillet off, cover for five minutes. 



139 EGGS 

PLAIN AND FANCY 0ME:LKTS 

When well made, omelets are a fine dish for 
breakfast or luncheon, a delicate lig^ht something 
that satisfies the appetite by its savoriness. 
Often broken bits of food remain, not enoug^h for 
a dish and yet too good to throw I'way. Here is 
where the omelet finds important uses. Bits of 
meat may be finely minced or sliced very thin, 
warmed two minutes in a little thin cream, bits 
of butter and a teaspoonful of flour then poured 
over the omelet either before or after folding it 
up. 

OMKLKT WITH ASPARAGUS TIPS 

Omelet with asparagus tips is made by cook- 
ing two cupfuls of asparagus tips in boiling water 
and a little salt; cook tender, drain and add a 
tablespooonful of sweet thick cream and minced 
parsley. Prepare and cook the omelet and pour 
the mixture over one half, then cut or turn the 
other half over it; take up the omelet and pour 
the balance of asparagus on and around it. 

VKGKTABLK OMELETS 

Young sweet peas make a delicate omelet. To- 
matoes, mushrooms, sweet corn and cheese may 
be added. Sweet corn is grated from the cob and 
cooked ten minutes in enough cream or milk to 
make it creamy. Cheese is grated and sprinkled 
over the top before serving. 

TOMATO OMELET 

Tomatoes thickened with bread crumbs, sea- 



EGOS 140 

soned with salt, pepper, chopped parsley and 
sug-ar. Add one e^g to ever}" pint of this mixture. 
Sprinkle bread crumbs over the top and bake 
forty minutes. A nice dinner dish. Another way 
is to beat up six eg"g"s, mix two tablespoon- 
fuls of flour with a little milk and add pepper 
and salt to taste. Peel and chop fine four toma- 
toes; stir all tog-ether and fry in butter. Oyster 
omelet may be made in the same way using 
03^sters instead of tomatoes. 

OYSTKR OMELKT, NO. 1 

Proceed as in plain omelet and just before fold- 
ing over, cover one-half with well drained oysters, 
season with salt and pepper and pour over them 
a tablevSpoonf ul of melted butter. Fold the omelet 
and set in the oven for two or three minutes un- 
til the oysters are cooked through. 

OYSTER OMKLKT, NO. 2 

Stew one dozen oysters in their own liquor if 
possible, if not, use a very little water. Roll two 
or more lumps of butter si;:e of walnuts in flour; 
put in and let come to a boil; season well with 
pepper and salt. Takeout the oysters, chop them 
and if necessary to thicken, add a little flour to 
the sauce. Put back the ovsters and set .on the 
back part of the stove. Beat four eggs very light 
and add two tables])oonfuls of milk or cream. 
Fry in a well buttered frying pan. When done, 
remove to a hot platter or deep plate and pour 
the oyster sauce over them. Serve hot. 

SHRIMP ()melp:t 

Prepare the shrimps and stew in a little butter 



Ml EGGS 

for five minutes. Make an omelet with six or 
eight eggs and one half a cupful of cream; season 
with one spoonful of finely chopped parsely, salt 
and pepper. When done lay the shrimps on and 
fold over. Garnish with parsely. 

HAM OMKLKT 

3 eggs, 

4 tablespoonfuls butter, 

2 tablespoonfuls minced lean ham, 
Pinch of pepper. 
Fry the ham two minutes in a little butter. 
Then mix the other ing-redients all toge'ther and 
proceed as with a plain omelet. Serve very hot. 
Lean bacon or tongue will answer the same pur- 
pose and should be cooked slightly before mixing. 

OMELET WITH HKRBS 

Six eggs, 

}4 tablespoonful chopped parsley. 
Beat eggs in a bowl four minutes. Add one- 
quarter of a cupful of cream and again beat. Melt 
one-half of an ounce of butter in an omelet pan 
and when hot add the eggs. When they begin to 
thicken, sprinkle lightly with salt and pepper and 
spread the herbs over the vsurf ace. Fold and serve. 

BACHELOR'S OMELET 

Take one-third teacupful of milk — cream is 
better — add a tablespoonful of flour; mix well. 
Break four eggs, put the whites into a bowl, 
drop the yolks into the cup of flour and milk, add 
a pinch of salt to the whites and beat them stiff; 
beat the yolks and milk a little, then empty the 



EGOS 142 

cup into the bowl; beat a little. Put a tablespoon- 
ful of butter into the skillet; have it smoking hot; 
pour in the mixture; sprinkle with pepper. As 
soon as it is set enoug-h, turn it over or roll it up, 
let cook five or six seconds long^er and serve. If 
eg"u^s are scarce, use more milk and flour, but the 
more milk and flour used, the nearer the omelet 
gets to a pan-cake. A Bachelor. 

OMELET WITH CHEESE 

4 ecrcTs, 

^ cupful milk, 

1 teaspoonful flour, 

A little parsley, 

Yz teacupful j^rated cheese. 

Pepper and salt, 

1 teaspoonful butter. 
Beat the eggs very light and then add the other 
ingredients. Beat all well together and pour into 
a pan in which a large tablespocmful of butter is 
heated; let cook until light brown, then fold it 
over and dish for the table. Shake the pan while 
the omelet is cooking. Must be eaten as soon as 
removed from the stove. Miss WiSTER. 

RICE OMELET 

Beat half a cu])ful of boiled rice and a cui)ful 
of milk to a smooth paste and add two eggs well 
beaten. Salt and pepper to taste. Fry until 
brown, double, cover with sugar and serve at 
once. 

SWEET OMELETS WITH FRUITS 

These are excellent for lunch or dessert. For 



M3 EGGS 

raspberry omelets, make a syrup of one cupful of 
water and one-half cupful of .sujj-ar; boil ten min- 
utevS. When the omelet (from which pepper has 
been omitted) is ready, add to the hot syrup two 
cupfuls of ripe raspberries and a tablCvSpoonful of 
lemon juice; add half to the omelet, fold or roll 
up like a jelly cake, vslip on a platter and pour the 
rest of the mixture about it. Strawberries, black- 
berries. Loganberries, sliced bananas, oranges, 
grated pineapple or peaches, cut up, may be pre- 
pared satisfactorily in this way. 

JAM omkle:t 

Jam alone, or mixed with whipped sweet cream 
may be spread over the omelet, or dust the omelet 
with sugar and pour about it a portion of marma- 
lade sauce. This is made by heating a cupful of 
marmalade, a tablespoonful of lemon juice and a 
tablespoonful of any kind of liquor preferred. 

ORANCtE OMEIvKT 

Beat the yolks of six eggs with one teaspoon- 
ful of powdered vsugar. Whip the whites to a stiff 
froth and pour the egg and sugar mixture over 
them. Mix lightlv, at the same time adding the 
juice and grated rind of a large orange. Melt a 
tablespoonful of butter in a frving-pan and tilt it 
about until the bottom and sides are well greas- 
ed. Pour in the omelet and cook slowly. When 
firm and nicely browned, set in a hot oven for two 
minutes, then fold it together; place on a heated 
dish and serve at once. 



Entrees, Breakfast and 
Luncheon Dishes. 

BANANA FRITTERS 

l^i cui)fiils of flour, 

2 teaspoonfiils of baking- powder, 

1 tablespoonful of powdered sugar, 

% teaspoonful of salt, 

% cupful of sweet milk; 

1 egg, 

1 tablespoonful of lemon juice, 

3 bananas. 

The bananas should be skinned, chopped and 
rubbed through a sieve. Sift the dry ingredients 
together; beat the egg and mix with milk; add 
this . to the dry ingredients, banana pulp and 
lemon juice. Have fat at temperature of 360 de- 
grees Fahrenheit. Use two teaspoons in putting 
the batter into the fat, keeping one hot all the 
time so that the batter will not stick. Let brown 
and remove from the fat. 

Mkss Kmma Baknktt. 

CRKAM FRITTP:RS 

1 ])int milk, 

\ oiks ot () eggs. 
Whites of 2 egg^, 
V2 j)int of flour, 

2 tai)k'S])oonfuls sugar, 

3 heaping tabl('si)oonfu1s butter. 



145 ENTREES, BREAKFAST AND LUNCHEON DISHES 

Yz teaspoonful salt, 

A little lemon or other flavoring. 
Put half the milk in a double boiler. Mix flour 
to a smooth paste with the other half; stir this 
into boiling milk; cook five minutes, stirring con- 
stantly, then add butter, sugar, salt and flavor- 
ing; beaten eggs next, stir in and cook one min- 
ute. Butter a shallow cake pan and pour mixture 
in. It should be about one-half inch thick in the 
pan. Set away to cool. When cold, cut in small 
vsquares. Dip these in beaten ^^^ and cracker 
crumbs and drop in boiling fat. Sprinkle with 
sugar and serve hot. 

MrvS. John J. Doren, "St. Cloud." 

CHEKSE BUNS 

1 pint of flour, 

1 heaping teaspoonful of lard, 
1^ teaspoonfuls of baking powder. 
Make a biscuit dough; mix with enough milk 
to roll out about one-half inch thickness of dough, 
then quickly spread with meat, chicken or cheese 
chopped fine, roll up and cut into half-inch thick- 
ness as for jelly cake. Cut slices one and one-half 
inches wide and bake in a quick oven. When done, 
have a bowl of gravv of whatever you have 
your dough spread with and pour over each in 
sauce dishes on the table. If cheese, boil your 
grated cheese with milk for gravv and season. 

CHKKSK BALLS 

1 and ^2 cu])fuls of grated cheese, 
1 tablespoonful of flour, 
^ teaspoonful of salt. 



ENTREES, BREAKFAST AND LUNCHEON DISHES I46 

% teaspoonful of mUvStard, 
A few grains of cayenne. 
Mix together; beat whites of three eg'gs and 
add to this mixture. Shape into balls the size of 
Kng-lish walnuts. Roll in cracker crumbs, fry in 
deep fat and drain on brown paper. Garnish with 
parsley. 

COTTAGE CHKKSK 

Scald a pan of thick sour milk until it begins to 
separate into curds and whe}'. Pour into a thin 
muslin bag and let it drain for one hour or until it 
ceases to drip. Place the curds in an earthen dish, 
add a little salt and pepper and one-half cupful 
rich cream or two tablespoonfuls of feutter. Mix 
together thoroughly and it is ready to serve, or 
if you like it more solid, let it drain four or five 
hours, then add the cream and salt. It will then 
be more solid and you can mould it with your 
hands into soft balls and vserve. M. L. P. 

CHKKSK FONDA 

1 tablespoonful Initter, 
1 cupful milk, 

1 cupful stale bread-cruml)s(inside of loaf), 

2 cupfuls cheese(y2 i)ound), 
2 eggs. 

Melt butter, add milk and bread, then cheese. 
Stir until cheese is melted. Beat eggs well and 
put in last; season with salt, cayenne and a little 
mustard. 

BABY OMKLETS 
1 tables])oonful Hour, 



147 ENTREES, BREAKFAST AND LUNCHEON DISHES 

A little milk, 

Pinch of salt, 

1 cupful warm milk. 

Beat the eg"g"vS, yolks and whites separately; to 

the yolks add the flour, stir in a little milk and a 

pinch of salt, also the warm milk, then the whites. 

Bake in gem pans and serve wnth cream dressing. 

CHEESE STRAWS 

1 cupful flour, 

^ cupful grated cheese, 

Yz cupful butter, 

Yolk of 1 egg, 

^ teaspoonful baking powder, 

Salt, pepper and lemon juice. 
Rub the butter lightly into the flour, into which 
the baking powder has been lightly sifted. Add 
the cheese, salt and pepper; mix to a light paste 
with yolk of ^%'g and lemon juice. Roll out on a 
floured board, cut into strips the length and width 
of the little finger. Bake ten minutes in a hot 
oven. Serve with cheese or salads. 

CLAM BROTH 

Scrub two do7ven clams thoroughly and place 
them on the stove in a kettle with one quart of 
cold water. When the shells open, remove them 
and allow the broth to settle. Reheat and season 
with a little red pepper and lemon juice and 
thicken with one heaping tablespoonful of flour 
rubbed into an equal amount of butter. Serve hot 
with a heaping teaspoonful of whipped cream on 
the top of each plate of soup. Divide Boston 
crackers and toast their broken surfaces in the 
oven, after buttering and serve warm. 



ENTREES. BREAKFAST AND LUNCHEON DISHES 148 

COLD POTATOES 

Cold mashed potatoes can be made as g-ood as 
when fresh cooked by placing- them in a double 
boiler with a very little milk and thoroughly 
heating them, stirring- well. 

CORNKD BEEF, HASHED 

A dish which may be made either relivshable or 
wholly unfit to offer is corned beef hash. Use 
equal quantities of the cold baked or boiled po- 
tato and chopped beef, removing the gristle; over 
this, grate half of a moderate sized onion and 
vseason with pepper and salt. Put in the frying 
pan a tablespoonful of butter and when it com- 
mences to bubble, add the hash. Moisten with 
beef stock and let simmer from ten to fifteen 
minutes. Fold in omelet shape, place poached 
eggs over the mound of hash and garnish with 
parsley. 

CROQUETTES, CHICKEN 

Take the remnants of a cold l)()iled or roasted 
chicken and if there is not enough, add chopped 
mushrooms, cold cooked veal, sweetbreads or calf 
brains. Bind with one or two eggs and 'season to 
taste. Shape into croquettes, dip in egg and 
crumbs, frv in deep fat and serv^e with any pre- 
ferred sauce. This makes a nice dish for lunch- 
eon. UizziK Kaiskk. 

CR( )OUETTES. HOMINY 

Into a jjint of rapidly boiling salted water 
sprinkle slowlv half a cupful of hominy. As the 



149 ENTREES, BREAKFAST AND LUNCHEON DISHES 

water boils away, add half a cupful of rich milk. 
When the hominy is thoroughly cooked, set aside 
to cool and when firm, form into small pyramids. 
Roll in beaten eg-g and cover with very fine bread- 
crumbs. Fry in deep hot lard and serve as a veg- 
etable. 

CROQUETTES, MEAT 

Chop fine any kind of meat; take one cupful, 
sprinkle it with one teaspoonful each of lemon 
juice and chopped parsley, add one-half teaspoon- 
lul celery salt with pepper and salt to suit. Melt 
two teaspoonfuls of corn starch, add to one-half 
cupful cream and boil until thick. Pour this over 
the chopped seasoned meat and let it cook until 
thick. Spread on a platter to cool. After this, 
you may form into egg shaped pieces and fry in 
iiot lard. Lou Nasburg, Oregon. 

CROQUETTES, MUSHROOM 

Wash half a pound of nice, fresh mushrooms, 
peel them and cut off the stems; cut the flaps into 
dice and put the skins and stems in a sauce-pan 
with a cupful of water and cook for ten minutes. 
While these are cooking, put a heaping table- 
spoonful of butter in a spider, when hot, add the 
mushroom dice and let them cook until tender, 
then add a desertspoonful of flour and when it is 
cooked, add the water the stems were boiled in 
and salt and pepper to taste. If the sauce is too 
thick, add a little more water. Stir in at the last 
a teaspoonful of finely minced parsley, a few 
drops of lemon juice and the well beaten yolk of 
one egg. Stir well, remove from the fire, fill the 
shells, sprinkle bread crumbs over the tops and a 



ENTREES, BREAKFAST AND LUNCHEON DISHES 150 

little melted butter. Put in the oven for an in- 
vStant to brown. 

CURRIED LOBSTER 

1 can lobster, 

1 teaspoonful lemon juice, 

% teaspoonful curry powder, 

1 tablespoonful butter, 

yi tablevspoonful liour, 

Yi cupful scalded milk, 

Y cupful cracker crumbs, 

Yi teaspoonful extract of beef. 
Cream butter and flour; add scalded milk, then 
the lemon juice, curr\' powder, salt and pepper. 
Add the lobster to the sauce, cover with butter- 
ed crumbs and bake until the crumbs are brown. 

MRvS. Roy R. Giffen. 

EGG MILK TOAST 

Take nice fresh bread; slice and toast. Make 
the usual thickened milk or cream gravy. Boil 
one egg hard remove the white and rub through a 
sieve into the hot gravy, then pour it over the 
toavst and sprinkle over it the grated yolk. 

HAMBURG STEAK 

1 pound Hamburg steak, 
Y2 onion, chopped line, 
Y2 teaspoonful salt, 
% teaspoonful thyme, 

Y teaspoonful pepper, 

Y teaspoonful sage, 

1 cupful bread crumbs. 



151 ENTREES, BREAKFAST AND LUNCHEON DISHES 

Mix thoroug-hly, roll into small balLs and dust 
with flour. 

SAUCK, —Put one-half kitchenspoonf ul lard in- 
to a sauce-pan; when hot, add a little onion 
chopped fine and a little piece of garlic; let brown, 
then stir in one tablespoonful of flour. When 
browned, add a quart of boiling" water. Season 
with salt, pepper, thyme, sage and two bay 
leaves. Let boil fifteen minutes, then drop in meat 
balls. Put on vslow fire and let boil two hours. 

DUMPLING 

2 cupfuls flour, 

1 egg, 

1 teaspoonful of baking powder, 

1 teaspoonful salt. 

Sweet milk enough to make a stiff batter. 
Drop from a spoon into any meat or chicken 
broth; boil for fifteen minutes. Sour milk and 
soda may be used instead of sweet milk and bak- 
ing powder. Mrs. Hardaway. 

MKAT POTPIK 

Cut meat in small pieces; cook until tender in 
water to cover; add pepper, salt and onion if not 
distasteful. Twenty-five minutes before serving, 
take one pint of flour, one heaping teaspoonful 
of baking powder, a little salt and mix to a stiff 
batter with sweet milk. Drop over meat in spoon- 
fuls and put on tight cover. 

OYSTKR COCKTAIL NO. 1 

1 drop tobasco sauce, 

2 teaspoonfuls Worcestershire sauce. 



ENTREES, BREAKFAST AND LUNCHEON DISHES 152 

1 teaspoonful lemon juice, 

2 teaspoonfuls tomato catsui). 

This is for each glass. Cut the o\^sters fine; 
place in glass and sprinkle with salt. Serve in 
small glasses. One pint oysters will serve six 
persons. 

OYSTKR COCKTAIL NO. 2 

1% cupfuls tomato catsup, 

1 tablesjDoonful vinegar, 

4 drops tobasco sauce, 

Juice of one lemon, 

Pe])per and salt to taste. 
UvSe small oysters, the smaller the better, allow- 
ing six for each person and put at least a table- 
spoonful of the dressing over the oysters. Serve 
in sherbert glasses with a little chipped ice. This 
will serve ten persons. 

OYSTERETTES 

Drain the liquor from a small can of cove 
ovsters. Roll fiv^e or six .soda crackers fine; add 
one egg, the oysters, a teaspoonful of salt, a 
dash of ])epper and one teaspoonful of baking 
powder. Stir all together and add enough of the 
liquor to make it the proper consistency for fry- 
ing. Drop in tablespoonfuls in hot lard and fry a 
nice brown on both sides. 

Mrs. E. Maguire. 

SWEET POTATO BALLS 

Take cold boiled sweet potatoes; removi' the 
skins, rub the potatoes through a colander, make 
into fiat cakes, dij) into Hour and frv in hot flut- 
ter. 



153 ENTREES, BREAKFAST AND LUNCHEON DISHES 

POTATOES WITH CHKESK 

Mince fine cold boiled potatoes; put in a shal- 
low pan with a cupful of cream or milk. Sprinkle 
with salt and pepper and g-rate cheese thickly 
over the top. Bake twenty minutes. 

POTATO SURPRISE 

Take vSome cold mashed potato and shape 
into biscuit shaped balls. Take out the center of 
the balls with a spoon. Take a little cold meat 
minced and seasoned with pepper, salt and onion. 
Add a little of the gravy then fill the little cups 
with this mixture. Put the potato that was re- 
moved over it, brush with milk or eg"g" and put a 
few bread-crumbs over the top. Bake in a hot 
oven until brown. Miss Kmma Barnktt. 

POTATOES, CREAMED 

Cold boiled potatoes, 

1 tablespoonful butter, 

1 tablespoonful flour, 

1 cupful milk. 
Cream butter and flour; cook together until 
they bubble; add milk and season with salt and 
pepper. To this, add one and one-half cupfuls of 
chopped potatoes. Put into a buttered dish and 
bake twenty minutes._ Mrs. Roy R. Giffen. 

POT POURRI 

Brown a pint of stale bread in a frying- pan. 
Take one-half cupful nuts g^rated, one-half cupful 
cheese dried and one-third cupful milk. Mix the 
nuts and cheese together. Place a layer of bread 



ENTREES. BREAKt'AST AND LUNCHEON DISHES 154 

in a bakiiiiJ; pan, then a layer of the mixture and 
so on alternately until all is used. Pour the milk 
over all and bake in moderate oven. 

Mrs. Roy R. Giffkn. 

STRING BEANS 

Take three tablespoonfuls of melted fat to a 
quart of string beans after they are prepared. 
Heat fat, add beans and cover; cook about ten 
minutes stirring occasionally, then add a little 
water and simmer one hour, adding water when 
needed; season with pepper and salt. 

Mrs. Mattki. 
STUFFED PEPPERS 

1 cupful bread-crumbs, ' 

1 cupful milk, 

1 cupful minced cooked meat, 

^<^ teaspoonful pepper, 

1 teas])oonful salt, 

1 teaspoonful onion juice, 

^{^ teaspoonful ])u])rika, 

1 teaspoonful minced parslev, 

1 e<>"o- 

A few buttered crumbs, 

A few drops of celery extract. 
Parboil the peppers for five minutes. Mix all 
the ino-redients too^ether except the buttered 
crumbs. Fill pei>pers with inj^'redients and place 
in a pan with a little boiling water. Sprinkle the 
tops of the peppers with the buttered crumbs 
and bake about twenty minutes. 

Miss Emma Barnktt. 



55 ENTKEtS. BKEAKFAST AND LUNCHEON DISHES 

SWEET-BREADS, FRIED 

Remove from sweet-breads all skin and fat and 
shape into suitable pieces to fry. Plunge into 
boilinjj' water for about two minutes. Remove 
from water, drain and dry with a cloth. Dip each 
piece in beaten eg"g'. roll in g"rated bread-crumbs, 
sprinkle v^^ith salt and pepper and fry in butter. 
Serve wath mushrooms cooked in cream or with 
g-reen peas, or plain with a few^ pieces of lemon. 
Mrs. L. H. Garrius, in "Crumbs 
from Evervbody's Table." 

SWEET POTATO PUDDING 

1 cupful sweet potatoes, 

1 cupful su^ar, 

Yi cupful molasses, 

A pinch of salt, 

A little jj"rated orange peel. 
Mash the potatoes smooth with a silver fork. 
Stir with it the beaten yolks, the sug^ar and mo- 
lasses, salt, orange peel and milk enough to make 
a stiff batter. Bake, stirring in the first crust that 
forms. 

Itlushrooms. 



The wild varietv is much superior to the culti- 
vated and less dangerous. It is not difficult to 
distinguish between a good mUvShroom and a 
poisonous toadstool if one uses reasonable care. A 
good mushroom is a dirty white color on top and 
pink or salmon underneath when they first spring 
up; after twenty-four hours, whether gathered or 



ENTREES. BREAKhAST AND LUNCHEON DISHES 156 

not, the pink curns to brown. The poivsonous 
kinds are of many colors, some of them very 
beautiful, but like many other beautiful thinj^s, 
very danj^-erous. Those of a dead white al)ove 
and below are especially to be avoided. The skin 
can also be easilv peeled from the ed^es of a real 
mushroom which is not the case with the false. 
If you are still in doubt, stir them while cooking 
with a silver spoon, and if it turns black, you will 
be on the safe side if you throw them away. 

STB^VVKD MUSHROOMS 

Stewed mushrooms make a delicious little 
entree at breakfast or dinner. Place a quart of 
peeled mushrooms, stems and all, in a stew pan 
with a very little cold water, and cook for fifteen 
minutes; mix a tablespoonful of flour with three 
of cream and stir into the boilinj^^ vej4"etable; add 
butter the size of an e^cr^ and salt to taste. 

BAKED MUSHROOMS 

Mushrooms of the larger size are nice for bak- 
ing. Lay them toi)s down upon a baking dish; 
seas(.n with salt and pepper and place a bit of but- 
ter in each inverted cup. Bake in a hot oven 
twenty minutes, basting severaltimes with butter 
and water. If they are at all dry, pour a little 
melted butter over them when going to the table 
and in any case, squeeze on a few drops of lemon 
juice. The larger-sized ones mav be broiled on an 
oyster gridiron. Score the to])s, dij) them in melt- 
ed butter, season w-ell and broil over a clear fire. 
About two minutes <m each side will sufiice. Lay 
on a hot dish and pour on a little melted butter 
and lemon juice. 



157 ENTREEis, BREAKFAST AND LUNCHEON DISHES 

PIMIKNTO MORRKNOS 

Take red peppers and toast them; then scrape 
off outside. Grate stale cheese and pack in pep- 
pers. Beat one egg with one tablespoonful flour 
and a pinch of salt. Wrap this around peppers. 
Prv in hot fat two to four inches deep for three 
minutes. Take out and put in colander to drip. 

SHRIMP CROQUETTES 

Chop fine one cupful of picked shrimps and add 
one cupful of finely chopped mushrooms. Place in 
a double boiler one cupful thin cream, add one 
tablespoonful flour rolled in one tablespoonful of 
butter. Cook five minutes, add shrimps and mush- 
rooms with one tablespoonful grated onion, one 
teaspoonful salt, dash of cayenne and one table- 
spoonful lemon juice. Mix well, cool and form in- 
to pointed croquettes, roll in cracker crumbs and 
fry in deep fat. Arrange these down the center 
of a dish; put a deep row of parsley down each 
side and serve hot with tcmiato or mushroom 
sauce and Waldorf potatoes. 

MINCED OYSTERS 

1 quart oysters, 

1 quart bread-crumbs, 
4 eggs, 

2 small onic^ns. 

The juice c^f one lemon, 

A little nutmeg, 

1 tablespoonful of butter. 
Chop the oysters rather fine, mix with bread- 
crumbs, toasted and rolled fine. Break the yolks 
of two eggs into this mixture, also add the yolks 



ENTREEb. BREAKFAST AND LUNCHEON DISMES 158 

of two hard boiled eg'g's and the onions chopped 
fine. Add the other ino^redients with pepper and 
salt to taste. Put on the fire and stir until well 
mixed. Fill the shells, sprinkle with bread-crumbs 
and put in oven to brown. 

Mrs. C. L. Stonk, San Francisco. 

oYSTFR poulfttp:s 

2 tablespoonf uls butter, 
2 tablespoonfuls flour, 
1 cupful oyster litjuor, 
1 cupful milk or cream, 

1 dozen oysters. 
'Melt-the butter in a chafing-dish; add the flour 
and oyster liquor (one cupful) then the cream and 
the beaten yolks. Lastly add the oysters with 
pepper and salt to taste. A tablespoonful of 
sherry may be added. Mrs. C. L. Stonk. 

STUFFED ARTICHOKFS 

Two more than are to be stuffed are re(iuired. 
Clean and boil. Take off leaves and scrape ofF 
eatable portions and chop with the two extra 
hearts. Mix with one lar^e tablespoonful of may- 
onnaise and put back in heart. 
SAUCE,- 

1 tablespoonful butter, 
^/2 onion chopped fine, 
1 tablespoonful flour. 
Brown in fryinj^'-pan, then add half-pint cream, 
and one-half pint soup stock. Strain into a double 
boiler (add a few mushrooms if you like), cook a 
few minutes and pour over artichokes. Put all in 
oven ten minutes and serve on toast. 

Mrs. C. L. Stonk. 



I5y ENTREtS. BKEAKPAST AND LUNCHEON DIShES 

SCOTCH POTATO SCONKS 

1 V2 cupfuls tlour. 

"/^ cupful butter, 

1 cupful mashed potatoes, 

2 teaspoonfuls bakinjj powder, 
V2 teaspoonful salt, 

Milk to mix. 
Sift tlour, salt and baking- powder tog^ether; 
add the potato and rub in the butter lightly. Mix 
to a soft dough with the egg- and as much milk 
as ma\^ be necessary. Divide into three portions, 
roll into rounds one-half an inch thick and cut 
each i^ cross into four. Bake in a quick oven or 
on a griddle. Sprinkle with butter and serve hot. 

Sandwiches, 

ALMOND SANDWICHES 

Grind blanched almonds, then mix with sweet 
cream, adding a pinch of salt. Spread between 
thin slices of bread with the crusts cutoff. These 
are nice to serve with coffee. 

* ANCH( )VY SANDWICHES 

Pour off wine and wash thoroughly in vinegar; 
then allow them to stand a while in olive oil (use 
Gower's), after which drain and open length- 
wise, removing bones and place on unbuffered 
slices of bread. 

CHEESE SANDWICHES. NO. 1 
Take one-half pound eastern cheese; crumble 



ENTREES. BREAKFAST AND LUNCHEON DISHES 100 

fine in a bowl. Melt one tablespoon I' iil Initter and 
})our on the cheese; add yolks of two hard boiled 
e^g"s, one teaspoonfiil mustard, two tablespoon- 
luls cream; mix all perfectly smooth. If too stiff, 
add more cream. Spread on thinlv sliced and but- 
tered bread. 

CHEKSK SANDWICHKS. NO. 2 

Cut four slices of bread, three-fourths of an 
inch thick; trim edges to make square; spread 
three slices with butter and any soft cheese; 
spread cheese on one-fourth inch thick. Pile the 
slices leaving the one not having been spread for 
the top. Press hard together so it will stick and 
slice like layer cake. 

C()rne:d beef sandwiches 

Chop corned beef very tine; do not have too lean; 
season with made mustard and spread on slices 
of brown bread cut as thinly as jxtssible. 

kctG sandwiches, no. 1 

Rub to a paste the yolks of hard boiled eggs; 
mix in slowh a little salad oil. stirring all the 
time; add mustard, salt, cayenne and a little vine- 
gar. Spread on slices of bread. 

EG(; SANDWICHES, NO. 2 

Pound to a paste the yolks of hard boiled eggs; 
seas(m with mustard, melted butter, j^epper, salt 
and chopped pickle. To this any cold minced 
meat mav be added. Serve on lettuce leaf gar- 
nished with rings of hard V)oiled whites of eggs. 



161 ENTREES, BREAKFAST AND LUNCHEON DISHES 

MtG sandwiches, no. 3 

Chop hard boiled eg"g"s fine, mix with a may- 
onnaise dressing- and spread on thin slices of 
bread. 

FRUIT FILLIN(; 

Chop fine a dozen figs; add three tablespoon- 
fuls of boiling water and cook in a double boiler, 
stirring until reduced to a thick paste. Add one 
teaspoonful of lemon juice and use when cold. 

HAM SANDWICHES 

Take boiled lean ham; chop fine like paste. 
Stir into it the yolk of one eg"g* and one teaspoon- 
ful of mustard, mixed with one teaspoonful of 
Worcestershire sauce. Spread thin on slices of 
buttered bread. Canned deviled ham may be 
treated in this way to advantage. 

NUT AND CHICKKN SANDWICHES 

Chop the white meat of a chicken and pound 
it to a pavSte in a mortar; season with salt, pap- 
rika, oil and lemon juice. Spread thin vslices of 
bread with butter and press into the butter either 
English walnuts or almonds sliced very thin; 
spread the corresponding slices of bread with 
chicken and press the pieces together. 

K. Mardkn. 

NUT SANDWICHES, NO. 1 

Take mayonnaise or firmlv whip])ed sweet 
cream; thicken with powdered or chopped nut 



ENTREES, BREAKFAST AND LUNCHEON DISHES 162 

meats. Walnuts, pecans, peanuts, almonds, fil- 
berts, or Brazil nuts are nice, or a mixture of 
several varieties is g-ood. Made with tea-biscuits 
or finger-rolls they are very nice and recjuire no 
butter. 

NUT SANDWICHES, NO. 2 

Chop or grind the nuts fine and mix them to a 
paste with creamed butter; add salt to taste and 
spread on thin slices of bread. Put two together, 
trim and cut into triangles or narrow strips^. 

NUT CHKKSK SANDWICHES 

Pound or chop fine some blanched almonds. 
Add to these half the quantity of grated cheese, 
a little salt and mix to a thick paste with rich 
cream. Put between thin slices of bread. 

Mrs. Roy R. Giffk^. 

SANDWICH DRESSING 

6 eggs, hard boiled, 

2 tables])o<)nfuls cream, 

1 teaspoonful made mustard, 

/^ teaspoonful salt. 

'/a teaspoonful pepjjcr, 

1 large spoonful lemon juice. 
Put the yolks of the eggs into a mortar or bowl 
with the other ingredients, rub to a jiaste and 
vStrain through a sieve. Have ready some sj)lit 
cea-biscuits or thin slices of bread. Dij) small thin 
slices of ham, chicken, turkey or smoked sahuon 
n the dressing, then lav between biscuit or bread. 



163 ENTKEES, BREAKFAST AND LUNCHEON DISHES 

NUT AND PRUIT BUTTER 
SANDWICHES 

Chop very fine, fig"s, dates and seeded raisins; 
mix with an equal quantity' of several kinds of 
nuts chopped or ground fine. Mix into a paste 
and spread on thin bread and butter. Make them 
three inches long and one inch wide. 

K. Marden. 

OYSTER SANDWICHES 

Chop raw oysters fine, season with pepper, salt 
and a little tobasco sauce. Spread on salted 
crackers with a leaf of crisp lettuce between. 

OLIVE SANDWICH FILLING, NO. 1 

Stone two dozen large queen olives; cover with 
boiling water and scald for five minutes, then 
drain and dry in a towel. Mince very fine, add 
one teaspoonful of cracker dust and one cupful 
of ma^'onnaise. 

OLIVE SANDWICH FILLINC^, NO. 2 

Chop olives fine; mix with cream cheese; stir 
well with a silver spoon. 

PEANUT SANDWICHES 

Spread the bread thickly with peanut butter, 
sprinkle lightly with salt and press the slices to- 
gether. The peanut butter may be purchased in 
any city or the peanuts may be roasted, the skins 
removed and the nuts ground to a paste in a meat 
chopper. 



ENTREES, BREAKFAST AND LUNCHEON DISHES l^>4 

PICKLE SANDWICHES 

Cut small pickles in thin slices len^fthwise. Slice 
cold roast chicken, veal or pork in very thin slices. 
Cut bread in thin slices and spread one-half the 
slices with creamed butter. Put the slices of 
pickle on this and then the meat on the pickle. 
Spread mustard on the other pieces of bread and 
put them together pressino^ edjjfes together closely. 

SHRIMP SANDWICHES 

Chop shrimps fine and V)eat to a paste, usinjj- 
oil or melted butter to moisten. Season with 
Worcestershire sauce, cayenne and celery vSalt. 
Spread between buttered crackers — salt crackers 
are best. 

TOMATO SANDWICHES 

Cut white bread in thin slices and with a cir- 
cular cutter cut them in rounds; spread delicate- 
ly with butter. Pare and chill round tomatoes, 
cut in thin slices and lav on the round pieces of 
bread. Dust with pepper, salt and a little lemcm 
juice. Cover with another round piece of bread. 

WALNUT sandwichf:s, no. 1 

Make a custard of the volks of four e*4«4s and 
one cupful of milk. Cream one cuj)ful butter and 
when the custard is cold, carefully mix with the 
butter. Then add a pint of 5;»"r()und walnuts. Sea- 
son with salt and pei)per and a dash of cayenne. 
If too thick, add a little cream. Spread between 
thin slices of bread. vSkmik TlRNKK. 



165 ENTREES, BREAKFAST AND LUNCHEON DISHES 

WALNUT SANDWICHES, NO. 2 

Butter the bread lightly and spread over each 
slice a la3^er of melted cheese about one-eighth of 
an inch thick, then a thick layer of English wal- 
nuts. Sprinkle lightly with salt. 

CRKAM DRESSING 

1 cupful mayonnaise, 
Yz cupful whipped cream. 
This mixed with finely chopped nuts, either 
almonds, pecans or walnuts, and spread on thin 
slices of bread without butter, will be found de- 
licious. 

TONGUE WITH SPANISH SAUCE 

(From "Crumbs from Everybody's Table.") 

One fresh beef tongue, one bottle of olives, 
two dozen large, clean, bright, dry Chili peppers, 
one teacupful (ordinary size) of best vinegar, or, 
better still, vSqueeze the juice of two lemons into 
the cup and fill with vinegar, one teaspoonful of 
powdered summer savory, two tablespoonfuls of 
finely chopped onion (should be small green 
onions, but dry will do), salt and olive oil as you 
like it. Some may, or will, try to make it with- 
out the oil. Do not wrste your time, for the oil 
is the secret of this delicious dish. Dissolve half 
a teacupful of vsalt in enough boiling water to 
cover the tongue, cook until done, and only done, 
or you will have rags. When cool, remove the 
skin and cut into very thin slices, and the tongue 
is ready for the sauce. Cut open the peppers the 
long way, take out every seed and vein, cut off 
the stem end, drop the skins into an agate kettle 
of boiling salted water (half cupful of salt). Press 



ENTREES, BREAKFAST AND LUNCHEON DISHES 166 

the skins under the water and keep at boiling heat 
for two hours, but the water must not even sim- 
mer, or 3'ou will find both taste and color g-one. 
Skim into chopping bowl — be sure all the water 
is pressed out — chop until you have a glowing 
mass of red pulp; press through a sieve to remove 
skins, and your sauce is read}^ to vseason. Do not 
put in all the salt needed, as the/ olives will add 
salt. Add oil and vinegar by the spoonful; no 
danger of curdling. Put olives in last. Dip each 
slice of tongue into the sauce, pile the slices into 
a deep dish and pour over them the remaining 
sauce; serve the next day on white platter and 
decorate with the small blanched stems of celery, 
which is exceedingly pretty against the red sauce. 
The sauce should be red and will be if your pep- 
pers grew the same year you make the sauce. It 
is delicious with roast turkey, cold ham, fried 
oysters, or with simpl)^ good bread. 

Mrs. U. Hartnell. 

ENCHILADAS 

(From "Crumbs from Everybody's Table.") 

To make the tortillas(orcakes)take three tea- 
cupf uls fiour, one cupful cold w^ater and a teaspoon- 
ful salt; mix into stiff dough, roll verv thin the 
size of a pie tin and bake on top of stove; pile one 
on top of another on a plate and cover with a nap- 
kin to keep soft. Take about one dozen dried 
Chili peppers, cut open and take out seeds and 
veins, put into agate kettle of boiling water, keep 
at boiling heat until peppers are soft. Press out 
water, and chop fine in a chopping bowl, then 
press through a sieve to remove skins. Put two 
liea])ing tal)les|)0()nfuls of lard in a frying pan; 
when hot, put salt, two cloves garlic cut fine and 



167 ENTREES. BREAKFAST AND LUNCHEON DISHES 

mashed, one heaping tablespoonful flour fried 
brown, then add Chilis and sufficient boiling water 
to make thick sauce. Into this sauce while hot, 
dip one tortilla(or cake)at a time(they are better 
fried first in hot lard, but it is not necessary), 
place open on a large plate, spread on thick layer 
of grated cheese, a teaspoonful onion chopped 
fine, and strength taken out by soaking in hot 
water for a few moments, a layer of hard boiled 
eggs cut into slices, and four or five olives. Cover 
this with Chili sauce, roll, and put on a large 
platter. After all the enchiladas have been made, 
pour over them any remaining sauce, set platter 
into the oven and serve very warm. 

Mrs. L. H. Garrigus. 

TAMALES 

(From "Crumbs from Everybody's Table.") 

6 lbs. beef flank, 

1 lb. dried Chili peppers, 
5 lbs. white dried corn, 

2 teacupfuls of olives, 

1 teacupful of raisins, 

2 medium sized onions, 
8 cloves garlic, 

1 teaspoonful of summer savory. 
Boil meat in warm water seasoned wdth salt 
only until soft, too much boiling renders it taste- 
less; when done, cut in very small pieces and put 
into a kettle. Keep broth in which meat was 
boiled. Prepare Chili as for enchiladas, mash the 
garlic and put into Chili. Take two table- 
spoonfuls lard, w4ien very hot, fr}^ onions, add 
two tablespoonfuls flour, then fry brown and add 
Chili, salt and two teacupfuls of the gravy in 
which the meat was boiled; pour this into kettle 



ENTREES, BREAKFAST AND LUNCHEON DISHES 158 

of stew, then the savory well powdered, pepper, 
olives and raisins. If stew is not rich enough, add 
more gravy or hot water. Do not cook stew 
more than ten minutes. Put corn into kettle of 
cold water with one tablespoonful of lime. Taste 
water and if it bites the tong-ue it is strong enough ; 
boil until hull begins to peel; cool, then rinse in 
several waters rubbing between the hands until 
hull and kernel separate. Grind onametate, then 
put it into a pan, add salt and about one teacup- 
ful of very hot drippings, also remaining gravy. 
Wash corn husks and dry with a cloth; then on 
each husk spread about one tablespoonful of corn, 
fill with stew, cover with another husk spread 
with corn, tie on both ends and middle with 
small strips of the husks; trim off the ends. 
Cover bottom of a kettle with husks (to prevent 
tamales from burning) put tamales into it and 
pour over two quarts of hot water. Cover tight 
and steam about one hour; serve hot. The above 
measure will make about seven dozen tamales. If 
chicken is substituted for beef count on one chick- 
en for one and a half dozen tamales, but the chick- 
en should not be boiled. If a metate cannot be pro- 
cured a mortar can be used for grinding the corn. 

Mrs. p. Zabala. 

SPANISH SAUCE 

(From "Crumbs from Everybody's Table.") 

Take out seeds and veins of peppers just after 
they have turned red and before they ha\^e become 
dr}-. Put the cleaned peppers into a porcelain or 
granite kettle. Cover with boiling water and add 
()ne-half cupful of salt. Let the peppers remain 
in this at boiling heat on back of stove until ten- 



m ENTREES. BREAKFAST AND LUNCHEON DISHES 

der. Then drain, and chop until they are a fine 
pulp, press through sieve and put into a dish (not 
metal). Put back on stove, add vinegar and salt 
to taste, and allow to boil thoroug-hly. This 
should be of the consistency of catsup, so if it is 
too thick some water may be added. Bottle and 
seal while still hot. This makes an excellent sauce 
for cold meats; especially tongue. Before using 
mix with the sauce the juice of one lemon and a 
tablespoonful of olive oil. Pour this over the 
meat, which has been cut in thin slices, then add 
olives. MRvS. H. Samuels. 



6rdvks and Sauces. 



MKvS. J. S. Manlkv. 

Pew cooks understand that there are particular 
kinds of j^Tavies which go with particular kinds 
of meats, and that the rule which decides w^hat 
shall go with what is one to be strictly observed. 
With roast beef, for instance, there is but one 
permissible gravy, and that is made from the 
juices of the joint itself which come out of it in 
roastinj^. When the beef is taken from the oven 
remove all floating fat from the dripping pan, 
then add boiling water to the remainder, taking 
care not to dilute it too much, and allow it to 
l)oil up well. Serve hot in a gravy boat. For a 
pot roast a brown thickened gravy is in order, as 
also for roasted veal and pork. For roast lamb 
mint sauce is the right accompaniment. With 
game of different kinds jellies are usually served, 
as they are also with roast mutton. Red currant 
jelly goes with mutton, pork and turkey, and 
black currant jelly with hare or rabbit. Grape 
jelly may be substituted for the former if more 
convenient, and cranberry sauce or jelly with 
turkey and apple sauce with goovse is always the 
right accompaniment. Gravies for roast fowl of 
any kind should be brown and thick and rich, the 
giblets of the bird being cooked separately and 
the water in which thev are boiled forming the 
foundation of the gravv. For boiled veal and fowl 

Note,— 

Fur convenience, .some of the sauces belonging to this depart- 
ment have been placed in other parts of the book — the fish sauces 
with the fish, and pudding sauces in some instances. foHowing 
the puddings for which they are best suited. 



171 GRAVIES AND SAUCES 

a white vSauce — made of the stock in which the 
meat has been cooked with milk, flour and butter 
added — ^is the proper accompaniment. For fish, 
all vsorts of sauces are in order, the variety being 
almost as great as that of the dishes to be seasoned. 
The favorite is probably a tartare sauce, but 
oyster, shrimp, and anchovy sauces are all popular, 
and are equally in good form. The rule for gravies 
is always to serve them hot. A cold gravy is to 
the epicure nothing but an abomination. 

DRAWN BUTTER. 

Melted butter is the foundation of most of the 
common sauces. Have lined porcelain saucepan or 
a double boiler for this purpose. Take a quarter 
of a pound of fresh butter, cut it up and mix with 
it about one tablespoonful of flour. When it is 
thoroughly mixed, put it into a double boiler and 
add to it half a teacupful of hot water. Shake it 
around continually, till it is entirely melted and 
begins to vsimmer; then let it rest till it boils up. 
If y(m set on too hot fire it will be oily; if butter 
and flour are not well mixed it will be lumpy; if 
you put it in too much water it will be thin and 
poor. All these defects are to be carefully avoided. 
In melting butter for sweet or pudding sauce you 
mav use milk instead of water. 

CAPKR SAUCE. 

(For lioiled mutton. ) 

One pint of white sauce (made with stock), one 
tablespoonful of lemon juice, and three table- 
spotmfuls of capers; cook together and serve. For 
stock use that from the boiled mutton. 

Marion HarTvAnd. 



GRAVIES AND SAUCES »72 

cranbe:rry sauce. 

One quart of cranberries, two cupfuls of vsu^ar 
and one pint of water. Wash the berries, then 
put them on the fire with the water in a covered 
saucepan. Let them simmer until each cranberry 
bursts open ; then remove the cover of the vsauce- 
pan, add the sugar and let them all boil for twenty 
minutes without the cover. Do not stir them 
after they are placed on the fire. 

MRvS. K. K. Gatcomb. 

GRAVY FOR ROAST MEATS. 

When the meat is done, remove the roast from 
the i^anand pour off the fat, leaving only three or 
four tablespoonfuls in the pan; then stir in a 
heaping tablespoonful of flour and add gradually 
cold water or cold milk, stirring constantly. Add 
vsalt and pepper and cook a few minutes. 

A SIMPLE BROWN SAUCE. 

Put into a sauce})an one tablespoonful of 
minced onion and a little butter; when it has 
taken color, sprinkle in one heaping teaspoonful 
of flour; stir well and when brown, add one-half 
pint ot stock; cook a few minutes and strain. 
Now, by adding one cu])ful claret, two cloves, a 
sprig of parslev, a s])rig of thyme, a bay leaf, 
and pepper and salt, and boiling two or three 
minutes and straining, one has sauce ])oi\rade. 

If, instead ot" the claret, one should add to the 
poivrade sauce one tablespoonful each of minced 
cucumber pickles, vinegar and ca])ers, one has 
' 'sauce pi(|uante, " '. 

Bv adding one teaspoonful of made mustanl. 



173 GRAVIES AND SAUCES 

the juice one-half a lemon and a little vinej;^ar to 
the poivrade instead of the claret, one has the 
sauce Robert. 

"Crumbs from Everybody's Table." 

MINT SAUCE. 

4 tablevSpoonfuls chopped mint, 
2 tablespoonfuls sug-ar, 
^4- pint of vinegar. 
Put it into a sauce-boat and let it remain an 
hour or two before dinner, that the vinegar may 
become impregnated with the mint. 

"Crumbs from Everybody's Table." 

CREAM SAUCE FOR CROQUETTES. 

1 pint of cream or milk, 

2 even tablespoonfuls butter, 

4 heaping tablespoonfuls of flour, 

V2 tablespoonful salt, 

1 spoonful pepper, 

^/2 teaspoonful celery salt, 

A little cayenne. 
Melt the buiter, and when bubbling add flour, 
but do not cook; stir until well mixed. Add milk 
very slowly, stirring all the time to prevent lump- 
ing. The sauce should be very thick, almost like 
drop batter. Add seasoning and mix while hot 
with meat or fish and form in balls. 

Mrs. Manley. 

CELERY SAUCE. 

Cut up'd large Intnch of celery into small pieces; 
use only that which is blanched. Put it into a 
pint of water and boil until it is tender; then add 



GKAVIES ANO SAUCES 174 

a teav'^]:)()()nful of llour and a luni]) of butter the 
.size of an a^^', mix well to«"ether, .season with 
salt and pepj^er, and stir constantl}^ until taken 
from fire. Verv nice with boiled pcmltry. 

Mrs. Manlf.y. 

MUSHROOiM vSAUCE. 

One-half pint of mushrooms wiped carefull}- 
and cut in small pieces, put in cupful of boiling 
water and tablespoonful of butter; pepper and 
salt to taste. Let simmer very g"ently for ten 
minutes, then thicken it with a tablespoonful of 
flour and butter mixed; add the juice of one-half a 
lemon. Serve with roast meats. 

Mrs. Frank Gilrrrt. 

ONION SAUCE. 

(For warmed over meats). 

1 pint of stock, 

1 cupful of choi)]3ed onions, 

% cupful of chopped lean ham, 

3 tablespoonfuls of butter, 

1 heapinjj;' tablesi)oonful of flour, 

/4 tablespoonful lemon juice, 

1 level teaspoonful of sugar. 
Pry the onions and ham in the butter, then 
blend in the flour and add the stock and other in- 
gredients. Mark)N Harland. 

TOMATO SAUCK. 

Cook one slice oi onion, a bit of l)av leaf, a 
small piece of green ])epper with half a can of 
tomatoes fifteen minutes; then strain through a 
colander. Add two tablespoonfuls of butter and 



'75 OKAVIES AND SAUCES 

two of flour; cook together with a little salt and 
pepper. If tomatoes are very acid add a little 
soda. To be served with breaded meat, chops, 
omelets, cold chopped lamb or mutton. 

PRKNCH HOLLANDAISK SAUCE. 

4 tablespoonfuls good vinegar, 

4 egg yolks, 

% cupful butter, 

Nutmeg, pepper and salt to taste. 
Divide butter in three parts ; put vinegar, yolks 
of eggs and one-third of the butter into a double 
boiler. Stir constantly, add the second third of 
butter, and as soon as it thickens add the last 
third. Remove from fire and add seasoning. 
MrvS. Thomas Jackson, Illinois. 

TARTARE SAUCE, NO. 1. 

To a good mayonnaise dressing add a table- 
spoonful of finely chopped Gherkins pickles. 

TARTARS SAUCE, NO. 2. 

To the yolks of four eggs add salt and mustard 
to taste and a pinch of powdered sugar. Stir in 
drop by drop four tablespoonfuls of olive oil 
(Gower's); in the same way add an equal quantity 
of tarragon vinegar. Add a button onion minced 
and mashed, a little pickled cucumber cut fine, 
also pepper. 

OYSTER SAUCE. 

Make a drawn butter sauce, add a few small 
oysters drained from their liquor and a few drops 
of vinesrar or lemon; let come to aboil and serve. 



GRAVIES ANU SAUCES J76 

BECHAMKL SAUCE. 

Melt a tablespoonful of butter in a saucepan 
and when melted stir in an equal quantity of 
flour, cook thoroug^hly, being careful not to 
scorch; add one-half pint each of rich cream and 
veal siock; season with pepper, salt and nutmeg 
to taste; add three ounces of grated Parmesan 
cheese and the yolks of three eggs well beaten; 
stir until hot but do not let it boil. 

EGG SAUCE. 

Add the chopped yolks of two or three eggs to 
a good drawn butter sauce to make eg^ sauce. 

PARSLEY SAUCE. 

2 tablespoonfuls !)utter, 

2 tablespoonfuls flour, 

2 tablespoonfuls parsley, 

1 cupful milk, 

Seasoning, 

1 teaspoonful lemon juice. 
Wash the j)arsley, dry it thoroughly and re- 
mov^e all stalks; then cop flnelv and wash again 
(placing parsley in the corner of an old cloth for 
the purpose). Then blend flour and butter in a 
saucepan until of the color and consistency of 
honey. Add the milk a little at a time, stirring 
constantly. When thoroughly cooked add season- 
ing and lemon juice. Just before serving stir in 
parsley. 

Pudding Sauces. 

SPANISH SAUCE. 

1 tablespoonful corn starch dissolved in 



177 GRAVIES AND SAUCES 

y2 teacupfiil of boiling" water, 
Add 2 tablespoonfuls of vinegar, 
1 tablespoonful butter, 
1 teacupful vSUg^ar, 



CARAMEL. 

Put one c,upful sugar in small pan and stir on 
fire until brown (do not scorch). Add one cupful 
boiling" water and simmer fifteen minutes — set 
away to cool. 

CIDKR SAUCE. 

1 teacupful sugar. 
Yi teacupful butter. 
Cream tog^ether and add 

2 teacupfuls boiling water and 

1 tablespoonful corn starch dissolved in 
cold water. 
Boil and while boiling- add one-half teacupful 
boiled cider wnth flavoring- to suit. 

MAPLE SAUCE. 

( )ne-lialf pint maple sugar dissolved in one tea- 
cupful of water; to this add one-half teacupful of 
butter mixed with one tablespoonful of flour. 
Flavor to taste and boil. 



Okcs. 



MrvS. C. H. Norris. 



"With weights and measures just and true, 

Oven of even heat, 
Well buttered tins and quiet nerves, 

Suoeess will he complete." 



HARTFORD ELECTION CAKE. 

1/4 cupfuls of butter, 

2 cupfuls of sugar, 
% cupful of milk, 

3 eis^gs. 

1 V2 pints of Hour, 

lYz tablespoonfuls baking powder, 

2 cupfuls of raisins, 
1 cupful of currants, 

^A cupful citron chopped, 

f/2 cupful lemon peel, 

% cupful almonds shredded, 

20 drops of extract of vanilla, 

20 drops of extract of almonds, 

% cupful of sherry, 

'4 cupful of brandy. 
Rub butter and sugar to a light cream, add the 
yolks of eggs and milk; mix fruit, almonds and 
candied peel, and sift over them half the Hour and 
mix well. Next add to the mixture the other half 
of the Hour and baking powder; then add the 
fruit, then the extracts and wine; lastly the whites 
of eggs well beaten. 

Mrs. Margarkt Uritx^k. 



179 CAKES 

bride:'s cakk. 

4 pounds raisins, 

2 pounds of currants after washed and 

dried, 

1 pound citron, 

'4 ])ounds each of candied orang'e and 

lemon peel, 

1 pound English walnuts, 
V2 pint sweet cream, 

V2 pint brand V, 

2 tablespoonfuls each cinnamon, cloves, 
allspice and mace soaked in brandy, 

2 nutmegs grated, 

13/4 pounds butter, 

2 pounds granulated sug^ar, 

3^ pounds flour, 

1 teaspoonful each salt and soda, 

2 teaspoonfuls baking powder, 
10 eg-g^s. 

Cream butter and sugar, add well beaten volks 
then the cream and soaked spices. Sift powder 
into flour and add a little at a time; add whites 
beaten stifle. Dredge fruit with a little flour, add 
last. Dissolve soda in a little water and add with 
the fruit; mix thoroughly. Bake five hours, keep 
covered with a pan while baking-. This makes 
one loaf in six quart pan. 

Mrs. William HoRvSFall, Oregfon. 

WKDDING CAKE. 

9 cupfuls of butter, 

5 pints of sugar, 

4 quarts of flour, 

5 dozen eggs, 

7 pounds of currants, 



CAKES 180 

3'/2 pounds of citron, 

4 pounds of blanched almonds, 

7 })ounds of raisins, 

1 '/4 pints of brandv, 

2 ounces of mace. 

Bake in moderate oven for two hours or more. 
This will make eijJi'ht loaves, which will keep for 
years. Mrs. John Young. 

WHITK FRUIT CAKK. 

1 cupful of butter, 

2 cuj)fuls of su«^"ar, 

3 cu])fuls flour. 

The whites of S e,i4'«.is, 

\4 wine <;iflass white wine, 

2 teaspoonfuls of baking powder, 

Vj pound of chopped almonds. 
Mix sugar and almonds, add wine. }*eat eg"gs 
to stiff froth, stir in butter and sugar; add the 
flour, with which the baking powder has been 
well mixed; lastly, add fruit. Bake in two loaves 
for forty minute.s- in a moderate oven. 

Mrs. J^)HX YorN(i. 

FRUIT CAKF. 

1 pound flour, 
1 pound butter, 
1 ])ound sugar, 
1 ])ouu(l currants, 

1 ])ound citron, 

2 pounds raisins, 
1 dozen eggs, 

1 glass wine, 

1 glass rose water, 

1 glass brandv, 



I Si CAKLS 

y2 pint sour cream, 
One-half pint of molasses with a teaspoon ful of 
soda stirred thoroughly into it. A teaspoon ful 
each of cloves, mace, allspice, cinnamon and nut- 
meo". Sprinkle flour over fruit and stir fifteen 
minutes. Mrs. W, A Poolk. 

TUMBLKR FRUIT CAKE. 

1 tumblerful of egg's, 

1 tumblerful of molasvses, 

2 tumblerfuls of sugar, 
1^ tumblerfuls of butter, 
4 tumblerfuls of flour, 

2 tumblerfuls of currants, 

2 tumblerfuls of raisins, 
^4 tumblerful of citron, 
1 tumblerful of brandy, 

1 tablespoonful of cloves, 
1 tablespoonful cinnamon, 

3 tablespoonfuls nutmeg, 

1 teaspoonful baking' soda. 

Mrs. T. a. Hoag, 

MEASURE FRUIT CAKE. 

2 scant teacupfuls butter, 

3 cupfuls brown sugar, 

6 eg"g"s, whites beaten separately, 

1 pound raisins. 

1 pound currants, 

'/2 ])ound citron, 

^2 cup molasses, 

V2 cup sour milk. 
Stir butter and sugar to cream. Add to that 
one-half grated nutmeg, one tablespoonful cin- 
namon, one teaspoonful clo\es, one teas]>oonful 



CAKES 182 

mace, then molasses and sour milk, then yolks of 
eg^s, and wine glass brandy. Stir all thoroughly. 
Add f our cupf uls of sifted flour alternately with 
the beaten whites of egg's; then dissolve a level 
teaspoonful of soda. Mix the fruit together, stir 
into it two heaping tablespoonfuls of flour, then 
stir it into the cake. Bake two hours in a moder- 
ate oven. When baked let cool in pan. 

Mrs. a. K. Norrks. 

SCRIPTURE CAKE. 

I. Kings, IV chapter, 22d verse, 4^ cups, 
Judges, V chapter, 25th verse, 1 cup, 
Jeremiah, VI chapter, 20th verse, 2 cups, 
I. Samuel, XXX chapter, 12th verse, 2 
cups, 

Nahum, III chapter, 12th verse, 2 cups, 
Numbers, XVII chapter, 8th verse, 2 cups, 
I. Samuel, XIV chapter, 2Sth verse, 2 
teaspoon f uls, 

Leviticus, II chapter, 13th verse, 1 pinch, 
Jeremiah, XVII chapter, 11th verse, 6, 
Judges, IV chapter, 19th verse, (last clause) 
Yz cupful, 

Amos, IV chapter, 5th verse, 2 teas])oon- 
fuls, 

II Chronicles, IX chapter; 9th verse, taste. 

Lkna Poolk. 

NO EGG FRUIT CAKE. 

^ package Nonesuch mince meat, 
Vi pound Chaddock's seeded raisins, 
J/2 p(nind citron, 
1 cupful butter, 
1 cu])ful milk. 
Cook these together, add when hot add one 



183 CAKES 

cupful molasses, twocuptulssug'ar; spice to taste; 
two teaspoonfuls baking powder; flour to make 
right consistency. Mrs. K. Nklson. 

HARRISON CAKE. 

2 cupfuls sugar, 
2 cupfuls molasses, 
^2 cupful butter, 

1 cupful milk, 

4 eggs, 

6 cupfuls flour, 

2 teaspoonfuls cinnamon, 
1 teaspoonful allspice, 

1 pound currants, 
^ pound citron, 

1 pound Chaddock's seeded raisins. 

Mrs E. Nason. 

WEDDING FRUIT CAKE. 

10 eggs, 

5 level cupfuls brown sugar, 
^ pint molasses, 

3 cupfuls of soft butter, 
1 lemon, 

1 pound of figs, 

1 pound of citrcm, 

2 pounds of currants, 
3)^ pounds of raisins, 

1 heaping tablespoonful cinnamon, 
1 heaping tablespoonful cloves, 
1 heaping tablespoonful mace, 
1 grated nutmeg, 
Vi teaspoonful soda, 
1 quart flour. 
This rule makes two lar^e cakes. Bake in a 



CAKES 184 

moderate oven two or three hours. 

Mrs. Ross. 

RAISIN CAKK. 

2 cu]:>fuls sujj-ar, 
1 cupful butter, 

1 cupful sour milk, without whey, 

2 cupfuls Chaddock's seeded raisins chop- 
ped. 

1 teaspoonful saleratus, 

^2 teaspoonful each bakinj^ powder and 

salt, 

% teaspoonful each cloves, cinnamon and 

nutmeg, 

1 teaspoonful vanilla extract, 

3 ejj^jjs beaten separately. 

Mrs. J. Hacker, Oreo;on. 

FIG CAKE. 

1 cupful suj^ar, 
1 cupful raisins, 

1 cupful fiu-s, 

1 '/2 cupfuls flour, 

2 eggs, 

1 teaspoonful soda disvsolved in one cuj^ful 
boiling water, 

1 teaspoonful each cinnamon, nutmeg and 
vanilla. 
Chop raisins and tigs line and pour the cup of 
boiling water over them and let stand till cold. 
Mrs. J. S. Paintrr, Pacific Grove. 

RAISIN LOAF CAKF. 

A piece of raised light dough, 
% cupful butter, 



185 CAKES 

1 cupful sugar, 

3 eg-gs well beaten, 

1 cupful walnuts, chopped, 

1 pint raisins, 

1 tablespoonful cinnamon. 

Mix it well and let rise until light; bake in 
mould. 

A RICH CAKE. 

1^ pounds of flour, dry and sift, 

1^4 pounds loaf sugar, break and sift, 

1^ pounds currants, wash and dr)', 

2 ounces each of citron and candied lemon 
peel. 

Prepare these ingredients the day before mix- 
ing the cake. Next morning cream with your 
hands one and three-fourth pounds fresh butter; 
break in, one at a time, fifteen eggs, working- 
well; add gradually sugar, currants and peel; 
work flour in slowly; lastly add one glassful 
good spirits. Line a deep pan with buttered 
paper, extending a finger's length above the pan, 
and after putting cake in bake slowly until done. 
Frost while warm. The longer this cake is kept 
the better it is. 

Mrs. G. Fuller WilliaMvS, Oregon. 

SCOTCPI POUND CAKF. 

1 cupful butter, creamed, 

1^ cupfuls sugar, 4 eggs, yolks, 

1 teaspoonful lemon or vanilla, 

^2 cupful milk, 

/'2 cupful cornstarch, 

^^A cupful pastry flour. 

1 teasj)oonful cream tartar, 



CAKES 186 

^2 teaspoonful soda, 
Whites of 2 eggs. 
Mix in order given; bake in two shallow pans 
in a moderate oven. Mrs. A. E. NoRRKS. 

SPONCiK CAKK. 

Beat four eggs very light, yolks and whites 
together, then beatm two cupfuls of white sugar; 
then one cup of sifted flour, a little at a time; 
then another cupful of flour, into which two 
teaspoonfuls of baking powder have been mixed; 
lastly, a teacupful of water, almost boiling hot, 
put in a little at a time. When making this for 
the first time one is almost certain to put in a 
little more flour, it is so thin; don't do it or your 
cake will be spoiled. Flavor with lemon. This 
makes two long tins. 

Mrs. p. G. Adams. 

SOUR CRKAM CAKE. 

1 cupful sour cream, 

1 cupful sugar, 

2 cupfuls flour, 
2 eggs, 

]4 teaspoonful soda, 
1 teaspoonful baking powder. 
Flavor to suit. 

Mrs. Gauntlett, Oregon. 

AMFS CAKE. 

1 large cupful butter, 

2 cupfuls sugar, 

3 cu])fuls pastry flour, 
1 small cup milk. 



187 CAKES 

Yolks of 5 e^gs, 
Whites of three eggs, 

1 teaspoonful cream tartar, 

^ teaspoonful soda, or 1^ teaspoonfuls 
baking powder. 
This makes two loaves. 

Mrs. O. p. Kenyon. 

RAILROAD CAKE. 

2 cupfuls sugar, 
2 cupfuls liour, 

6 tablespoonfuls butter, 
2 tablespoonfuls milk, 
6 eggs, 

1 tablespoonful soda, 

2 tablespoonfuls cream tartar. 
Lemon peel. 

Bake in shallow pans in a quick oven. 

Mrs. J. A. Young. 

SPRKCKLKS CAKE. 

Seven eggs beaten separately, one-half pound 
sugar stirred into yolks and beaten well, grated 
rind of a lemon, one-half teaspoonful cinnamon, 
one-half teaspoonful cloves, one-half teaspoonful 
baking powder, grate one-half pound of almonds, 
not blanched, then stirw^hites of eggs and almond 
meal alternately into the mixture. No flour. 
Mrs. G. S. Waterman. 

COCOANUT OR PLAIN CAKE. 

2 cupfuls sugar 
1 cui)ful milk. 



CAKES \&& 

% cupful butter, 
3 cupfuls Hour, 
2 teaspoonfuls cream tartar, 
1 teaspoonful vsoda. 
This cau be used for a plain cake or for cocoa- 
nut. If for the latter, reserve three whites of 
eggs for frosting and one-half cupful of cocoanut 
soaked in one-half cupful of milk. 

Mrs. a. E. Norris. 

CLOVE CAKE. 

1 cupful sugar, 

^ cupful butter, 

1 cupful milk or water, 

1 cupful molasses, 

1 cupful raisins, chopped, 

1 teaspoonful soda, 

2 teaspoonfuls cloves. 
2 eggs, 

Mrs. a. E. Norris. 

TIP TOP CAKE. 

2 eggs, 

1 tablespoonful butter, 
1% cupfuls sugar, 
iy2 cu])fuls flour, 
l^A cu])fuls milk, 
1 teaspoonful cream tartar, 
^2 teaspoonful soda. 
Very old recipe. 

CITRON LOAF CAKE. 

1 tables])oonful l)utter, 
1 scant cupful sugar, 



189 CAKES 

3 eggs beaten separately, 
1 scant cupful milk, 

Rather less than 2 cupfuls flour, 
1^ teaspoonfuls baking powder (if very 
strong use 1). 
Cream butter and sugar; add yolks of eggs, 
milk, flour with the baking powder sifted into it 
and the beaten whites of the eggs. Flavor and 
add sliced citron. Pour into a loaf pan and bake 
in a moderate oven nearly an hour. 

Iviiss Applegath. 

POTATO CAKE. 

1 cupful butter, 

2 cupfuls flour, 

1 cupful chocolate, 
^ cupful milk, 

2 cupfuls sugar, 

1 cupful mashed potato, 

1 cupful chopped walnuts, 

4 eggs, 

2 teaspoonfuls baking powder, 

1 teaspoonful each of cloves, cinnamon and 
nutmeg. 
Mix potatoes w4th milk. 

Mrs. R. G. Storie. 

BLACK CHOCOLATE CAKE. 

1 % cupfuls granulated sugar, 
^2 cupful butter, 

2 eggs, 

1% cupful flour, salt, 

1 teaspoonful vanilla, 

^/2 cupful sour milk with 1 teaspoonful 

soda dissolved in it, 



CAKES 190 

% cupful chocolate dissolved in % cup- 
fulv^ l')<)iling" water. 
Soft white frostiiifj;-, 

Mrs. (). P. Krnyon. 

DELICATE CAKE. 

1}4 cu})fuls o-ranulated su^ar, 

]4 cupful l)utter, 

2}4 cupfuls flour, 

^ cupful milk, 

Pinch of salt, 

Whites of five ej^'g's, 

2 level teaspoonfuls l)akinj^ powder, 

A few drops of lemon extract. 
Cream sugar and butter, add milk slowly, beat- 
ing all the time, then add two cupfuls of the flour; 
i)eat ten minutes. Sift the remainder of the flour 
and baking pow^der together and stir in lightly. 
Lastly add the eggs beaten to a very sti5 froth. 

Mrs. J. W. Slater. 

GOOD PLAIN CAKE. 

2 eggs, 

1 cupful sugar, 

1 cupful cream, 

2 cupfuls flour, 

1 teaspoonful baking ]:)owder. 
Pinch of salt. 

Mrs. Ed. Pr.\tt. 

WHITE MOUNTAIN CAKE, NO. 1. 

3 eggs, 

2 cuj)fuls sugar, 
}4 cupful butter. 



191 CAKtS 

3 cupfuls Hour, 
1 cupful milk, 

1 teaspooiiful soda, 

2 teaspoonfuls cream tartar. 

Beat butter and sugar together, then add 
yolks beaten very light, milk with soda, flour 
with cream tartar, then whites beaten very light. 

Mrs. O. p. Kenyon. 

WHITE MOUNTAIN CAKE NO. 2. 

6 eggs, 

1 ])ound sugar, 

1 pound flour, 

l4 pound butter, 
% cupful of milk, 

2 teaspoonfuls of baking powder. 

Mix butter and sugar till light; beat the whites 
and 3^olks of eggs separately; add the eggs with 
butter and sugar; then milk; then flour; lemon 
extract to taste. Bake in slow oven. 

Mrs. T. a. Hoacx. 

QUEEN'S CAKE. 

2 cupfuls sugar, 
1 cupful milk, 

1 cupful butter, 

4 cupfuls flour, 

2 teaspoonfuls baking powder, 
6 eggs beaten separately. 
Flav(>r with lemon. 

Mrs. J. M. Poole, 

RICE CAKE. 

1 cupful l)utter, 



CAKES lyii 

2j^ CLipiuls rice tloiir, 

2 cupfiils sug-ar, 
6 eggs, 

Juice and rind of a lemon. 
Beat butter to a cream and gradually beat in 
sugar; add lemon. Beat eggs separately and add 
to the mixture; then add rice flour. Bake in a 
shallow pan to the depth of about two inches. 
Bake from 35 to 40 minutes in a moderate oven. 
Mrs. John A. Young. 

IMITATION POUND CAKE. 

1^/2 cupfuls sugar, 

3 tablespoonfuls wine, 
2 cupfuls flour. 

Yi teaspoon ful soda, 

V2 cupful butter (large), 

/^cupful milk, 

5 eifi/s, 

1 teaspoonful cream tartar. 

Mrs. a. N, Wood. 

WHITK CAKE NO. 1. 

1 '2 cupfuls sugar, 

1 cupful milk, 

4 tal)les])oonfuls melted butter, 
V>% cui)fuls Hour, 

Whites of 4 eggs, 

2 teasjjoonfuls baking ]:><)wder. 
Flavoring. 

Mrs. Tahitha C. Harris. 

I^AKSTOW CAKE. 

Stir oiir cii]) ot sugar, butter size of a walnut 



193 CAKES 

and yolks of two e^g"s to a cream. Add two- 
thirds of a cupful of cold water and two cupfuls 
of sifted flour, to which add the beaten whites of 
two eggs and flavor. Bake in a loaf or layers. 
Miss Julia Dahlgren. 

KMPRBSS CAKE. 

1 cupful butter, 

2 cupfuls sugar, 

Yi cupful corn-starch, 
1 cupful milk, 
2V2 cupfuls flour. 
Beat all together. Lastly, add the whites of 
eight eggs beaten to a stiff froth; two teaspoon- 
fuls of baking powder. 

Miss Lena Poole. 

ve:lvet cake. 

Whites of 4 eggs, well beaten, 

1 cupful sugar, 

y2 cupful butter, 

y2 cupful milk, 

1 cupful flour, 

V2 cupful corn-starch, 

] teaspoon ful baking powder. 
Beat butter and sugar to a cream; add milk, 
then flour and corn-starch with baking powder, 
then the eggs; flavor. 

Mrs. a. N. Wood. 

WHITE CAKE, NO. 2. 

Whites of 8 eggs well whipped, 

3 cupfuls sugar, 
1 cupful butter. 



CAKES 194 

1 cupful milk, 

4 cupfuls sifted flour with 1 teaspoonful 
cream tartar, 

Yi teaspoonful soda dissolved in milk, 
Juice of 1 lemon. 
Bake one hour in a moderate oven. 

Mrs. J. M. Pugh. 

FKATHKR CAKE. 

1 cupful sut^ar, 

1 teaspoonful melted butter, 

1 e^j^f 

% cupful milk, 

2 cupfuls flour, 

2 even teaspoonfuls cream tartar, 

1 teaspoonful soda, 
Flavor with lemon. 

Mks. J. M. Pi (iH. 

WHITK CAKE, NO. 3. 

Whites of S et^jj-s, well l)eaten, 

2 cu])fuls su«jar, 

1 cu)>ful butter, melted, 

1 teaspoonful bakinj^ ])owder in 1 i-upful 

milk, 

3 cupfuls flour sifted three times. 
Flavor with anv flavorinj^" preferred. 

Mks. J. R. Williams. 

OERMAN COFFEE CAKE. 

1 (|uart flour, 

2 teaspoonfuls bakinj^' ))owdcr. 
Salt, 

2 tablespix.nluls su^^ar. 



195 CAKES 

Piece of butter size of walnut, 

1 teaspoonful cinnamon. 
Mix well together; add enough flour to make a 
soft dough. Roll into two sheets and bake in 
two medium sized pie tins, allowing the mixture 
to come a little way up the sides. Moisten the 
top with egg or sweet milk. 

"" Miss Margaret Simpson. 

GOLD CAKK. 

Yolks of 8 eggs, 
% cupful butter, 
1% cupfuls flour, 

1 cupful sugar, 
}4 cupful milk, 

2 teaspoonfuls baking powder, 
Flavor with lemon. 

Bake in moderate oven. 

Mrs. Kdwin W. Brunton. 

SILVER CAKE. 

1 cupful sugar, 

y2 cupful butter, 

Whites of 3 eggs, 

% cupful cornstarch dissolved in nearly 

^2 cupful milk, 

1% cupfuls flour, 

^teaspoonful cream tartar, 

% teaspoonful soda. 

Vanilla or almond flavor. 
Beat butter to a cream and' gradually beat in 
sugar; add flavor. Mix flour, cream tartar and 
soda together and sift twice. Beat white of eggs 
to a stiff froth; add cornstarch and milk to sugar 
and butter, then eggs and flour. Bake in a mod- 



CAKES 196 

erate oven for half an hour. A chocolate frost- 
ing- is nice for this cake. 

Mrs. John A. Young. 

DELICIOUS CAKE. 

2 cupful s sugfar, 
1 cupful butter, 
1 cupful milk, 

3 cupfuls flour, 
3 eggs, 

Vi teaspponful soda, 
1 teasooonful cream tartar^ 
Beat butter and sugar together; add the yolks 
of eggs, then the beaten whites. Dissolve soda in 
the milk and mix cream tartar with the flour. 
Flavor with lemon or vanilla, 

Mrs. O. p. Ken yon. 

LADY CAKE. 

1 Vz cupfuls sugar, 

y^2 cupful butter, or a little more, 

3 eggs, 

2 cupfuls flour, 
Vz cupful milk, 

1 teaspoonful cream tartar, 
Vi teaspoonful soda. 
Add spices and raisins if vou like. 

Mrs. a. N. Wood. 

WHIST CAKE. 

1 cupful butter, creamed with 2 cui)fuls 
sugar, 

4 eggs l)rok(-n into mixture one at a time, 
% cupful milk'. 



197 CAKES 

23^ cupfuls flour, sifted in it 2 level tea- 
spoonfuls baking powder, 
yi teaspoonful vanilla, 
% teaspoonful lemon. 
Add flour and milk alternately and beat until 
very light. Bake about 20 minutes. 

F. KFvNYOn. 

PLAIN CAKE. 

1 pound flour, 

6 ounces lard, butter or drippings, 

6 ounces sugar, 

^ pound raisins, 

1 teacupful buttermilk or sour milk, 

1 level teaspoonful soda, 
3- eggs, 

Flavor to taste. 
Sift the soda and flour together, stir in sugar, 
rub in shortening with fingers; add raisins, stir 
in the buttermilk, then the eggs, yolks and whites 
beaten together. Bake, not too quickly, one and 
one-half hours. Mrs. Thomas Nock. 

VFLVET CAKF, NO. 2. 

Whites of 5 eggs, 

2 cupfuls sugar, 
^ cupfuls butter, 
2% cupfuls flour, 

}/i cupfuls cornstarch, 

1 cupful milk, 

2 teaspoonfuls baking powder. 

Mrs. a. J. Y. 

COLD WATER CAKE. 

2 cupfuls sugar, 



CAKES 198 

1 cupful butter, 
Yolks of four eggs, 
IV2 cupfuls water, 
1 tablespoonful soda, 
1 tablespoonful cinnamon, 
1 tablespoonful cloves, 
1 tablespoonful allspice, 
1 tablespoonful vanilla, 

1 tablespoonful nutmeg", 

2 cupfuls seeded raisins, 
4 cupfuls flour. 
Whites of 4 eggs. 

Mix the cake just as it reads. For the icing mix 
one cupful sugar, one-half cupful milk and butter 
the size of an egg. Boil fifteen minutes and 
spread on top. 

DUMP CAKE. 

Dump into a dish together all the following 
articles: 

1 cupfuls butter, 

2 cupfuls sugar, 

4 cupfuls flour, 
1 i)ound chopped raisins, 
1 teas]:>oonful soda in a cup of cold water, 
1^4 teaspoonfuls cream tartar, 
Any spice vou choose. 
Mix well. Bake in two deep pans. 

Mrs. a. K. Norris. 

brp:ad cake. 

Set sponge in evening with one cake Magic 
yeast. In the morning add flour and four (piarts 
water to make consistencv of ])ancake batter. 



199 CAKES 

Let rise, and in the evening wori^ in ilour to 
make sticky thick (not stiff enough to mould as 
for bread). Add dates or prunes cut fine, raisins, 
nuts, currants or other dried fruit; three cupfuls 
brown sugar, 1 cupful very strong coffee, to color; 
cinnamon, cloves and nutmeg. 

Mrs. D. O. Kelly. 

CAKK WITHOUT KGGS. 

1^ cupfuls sugar, 
^4. cupful molasses, 
^4 cupful butter, 

1 % cupfuls milk, 

3 cupfuls flour, 

2 cupfuls raisins or 1 each of raisins and 
nuts. 

1 teaspoonful soda, 

2 teaspoonful s cream tartar. 
Cloves, nutmeg and cinnaman. 

This makes two large square loaves. 

Mrs. a. E. Norris. 

BUTTERMILK CAKK. 

1 cupful buttermilk, 

1 cupful sugar. 

Butter, half the size of an egg, 

4 cupfuls flour, 

Small teaspoonful soda. 
Fruit and spices if you like. 

Mrs. a. E. Norris. 

STRAWBERRY SHORTCAKE. 

1 cupful flour, 
% cupful milk. 



CAKES 200 

1 teaspootiful baking- powder, 
1 tablespoonful melted butter, 

1 eo-jT, 

Add a tablespoonful sugar if desired. 
Add to the berries a small quantity of butter 
and sug-ar and set away; when cake is baked, 
split and butter, then add cream or the beaten 
w^hite of an egg to the berries. Spread between 
layers and serv^e. 

MRvS. Tabitha C. Harris. 

FIVE CENT CAKE, NO. 1. 

2 cupfuls brown sugar. 

Two cupfuls fruit syrup or thin molasses, 

1 cupful black coffee, 

1'4 teaspoonful each of cloves and nutmeg. 
Sift a little flour in and drop in one-half pound 
or more raisins, currants, or dates (cut from the 
stone); flour enough to make consistency of cake 
dough, or a little stiff er. Add baking powder 
last. Bake in cake tins. Sift a little sugar on top 
before baking. 

Mrs. D. O. Kklly. 

FIVE CENT CAKE, NO. 2. 

Same as above, but instead of fruit juice, use 
pint of sour milk and ])inch of soda. Proceed as 

in No. 1. 

WATER SPONGE CAKE. 

1 cupful sugar, 
A pinch of salt, 

2 eggs well beaten together, 

1 rounding cu])ful sifted flour with one 



201 CAKES 

Teaspooiiful baking" powder, 
1 teaspoonful lemon essence. 
Add last half a cupful of boiling water, stir 
quickly and bake in moderate oven. 

Mrs. Gillogly. 

CRI^AM SPONGE CAKK. 

Break two eggs in a cup, fill the cup with 
cream; add one cupful sugar, vanilla to taste. 
Beat all with egg beater. Add one cupful of 
flour, one teaspoonful baking powder. This is a 
neverfailing recipe and is especially good baked 
in muffin pans. Mrs. J. K. Johnston. 

MRS. DEWEY'S SPONGE CAKE. 

3 eggs, beat five minutes, 

1 cupful sugar, beat two minutes, 

1 cupful flour, beat 1 minute, 

yi cupful water. 

Pinch of salt, 

Flavoring, 
One more cupful of flour with two even tea- 
spoonfuls of baking powder; beat two minutes 
and pour into greased pans. Bake twenty min- 
utes in a quick oven. 

Mrs. Amos Harris. 

SPONGE CAKE. 

1 cupful flour, 

1 cupful sugar, 

2 eggs beaten separately, 

4 tablespoonfuls cold water, 

1 teaspoonful baking powder. 
Flavor with lemon or vanilla. 



CAKF.S '^02 

Bake twenty miiiiites in a hot oven. 

Mrs. Mary A. Bbnnet. 

an(;kl cakk. 

Whites of eleven e^g-s beaten stiff with one 
and one-half cups of vsuo^ar (sifted); one teaspoon- 
ful cream tartar; one cupful flour, sifted five 
times with the cream tartar; one teaspoonful 
vanilla. Bake in a slow oven forty minutes. 

Miss Lena Poole. 

SPONGE CAKK OUR GRANDA.IOTHKRS 
USED TO MAKE. 

Yolks of 6 e<4"i4"s, 

1 cupful sug"ar, 

1 cu})fu} sifted flour, 

1^2 tablespoon fuls lemon juice. 

Rind of % lemon. 
Beat yolks and suj^ar until a light lemon color. 
Add lemon juice and rind. Beat whiles of e^^f^s 
and fold into mixture. Sift the flour crradually 
over and fold it in. Bake in a moderate oven. 
Miss Emma Barnett. 

WALNUT CAKE. 

1 ' 2 cupiuls butter, 

5 cuplrils Hour. 

/2 cupful brand V, 

1 nutnuj^, 

b cti-j^-.^. 

.■^ ciipiuls su.ii'ar, 

1 cupful milk, 

2 teaspoonfuls baking powder, 
2'< l)ounds English walnuts. 



203 CAKES 

2 pounds raisins, 

Mrs. Shannon. 

HICKORY NUT CAKE. 

2 coffee cupfuls sugar, 
V2 coffee cupful butter, 

1 coffee cupful milk, 

2 coffee cupful flour, 
2 eggs, 

1 teaspoonful cream of tartar, 
Vi teaspoonful soda, 

1 quart of i hickory nuts before they are 
cracked. Mrs. O. P. Kenyon. 

CHOCOLATE NUT CAKE. 

2 cupfuls sugar, 
5 eggs, 

4 sticks chocolate, grated, 

3 very large tablespoonfuls each of brandy 
and syrup, 

1 teaspoonful each of cloves, allspice and 
cinnamon, 
2^ cupfuls flour, 
1 teaspoonful baking powder, 
1 cupful blanched almonds, halved. 
Bake in long shallovv- tins. 

Mrs. Roy R. Giffen. 

OLD-FASHIONED CAKE. 

1 cupful sugar, 

1 cupful of flour before sifting, 
1 teaspoonful baking powder, 
A little salt. 
Sift all together; break three eggs into it and 



CAKES 204 



stir five minutes; add half cupful of melted but- 
ter, stir five minutes; lastly, half a cupful of 
water; stir thoroughly. Set in a brisk oven and 
be careful not to jar. Use any flavorino;. 

Mrs. S. F. Brkrd, Shardon, Cal. 



Eaper Cakes. 



BANANA CAKK. 

Beat two e^^s, put them in a cup and lill it 
with cold clear water and melted butter, using 
equal quantities of each, this being- done by put- 
ting a tablespoonful of water and butter alter- 
nately until cup is filled; one cupful sugar, one 
and a half cupfuls of flour, and three teaspoon- 
fuls baking powder. Bake in la3'ers; spread each 
layer with frosting and slice bananas over the 
frosting. 

CARAMKL CAKK. 

^4 cu])fu] butler, 
2 cu])fu]s sugar. 

1 cupful milk. 

-I- eggs (whites), 
2^ cupfuls flour, 

2 teaspoonfuls baking powder, 
Bake in loaf or three layers. 

FROSTING.— 

2 cupfuls brown sugar, 

'4 cu])ful cream and ^.4 cu])ful butter, or 
1 cupful cream. 
Cook until it begins to harden. 

Jp:nnik (iArdmok. 



205 CAKES 

RIBBON CAKK. 

1 cupful butter, 

2 cu]:)fuls suj^'ar, 
1 cupful milk, 

4 eggs( yolks and whites beaten separately), 
3% cupfuls pastry flour, 
^/2 teaspoonful soda, 
1 teaspoonful cream tartar. 
Bake two parts of dough as plain cake. To 
the third part add 

^4 cupful raisins, stoned and chopped, 

1 cupful currants, 

% pound sliced citron, 

2 teaspoonfuls molasses, 

2 teaspoonfuls wine or brandy, 

1 teaspoonful mixed mace and cinnamon. 
Bake and put this cake between layers of plain 

cake wiih jelly. Press lightly in putting to- 
gether. Frost. 

Mrs. Lincoln's Cook Book. 

LAYER CAKE. 

2 cupfuls sugar, 

34 cupful butter, creamed, 

1 cupful sweet milk, 

2 cupfuls flour, 

}4 cupful corn-starch, 

3 teaspoonfuls baking powder. 
Whites of 6 eggs the last thing. 

Sift corn-starch, flour and baking powder 
many times together that the mixing of these 
three articles may be thorough. . 
CREAM FILLING, NO. 1,— 

2 coffee cupfuls granulated sugar, 

1 cupful new milk. 



CAKES 206 

Butter size of walnut. 

Boil until, when dropped in cold water, it forms 
a soft ball. Remove from fire and stir till cold. 
FILLING, NO. 2,— 

One pint cream whipped stiff and sweetened 
and flavored to taste. Mrs. Turner. 

NICE LAYER CAKE. 

1 cupful sug-ar, 
% cupful butter, 
4 e54"g"s (whites), 
Vz cupful milk, 

1^2 teaspoonfuls baking powder, 

13^^ cupfuls flour. 

Vanilla flavoring. ; 

Bake in three or four layers, adding chocolate 
to one or two la^^ers. Put together with cus- 
tard made with 

2 yolks of eggs, 
% cupful sugar, 
1 cu[)ful milk. 
Small lump butter, 

1 tablespoonful corn-starch. 
Flavor and cook until thick. 
ICING,^ 

1 cupful sugar, 
4 tablespoonfuls water, 
Boil and add to the beaten whites of two eggs; 
add chocolate or cocoa. 

Mrs. a. H. Wood. 

CREAM CAKE. 

3 eggs, 

1 cupful sugar, 

3 tables])oonfuls milk, 



207 CAKES 

1 cupful Hour, 

1 teaspoonful baking powder. 
Bake in two cakes and split them for filling. 
FILLING.— 

IV2 cupfuls milk, 

1 large tablespoonful corn-starch, 
Scant ^2 cupful sugar. 
Boil milk and sugar; thicken withcorn-sitarch; 
add small piece of butter, then flavor. Beat until 
nearly cool and spread between layers, 

Mrs. a. H. Wood. 

AUTUMN CAKE. 

Cream two cupfuls sugar with one-half cupful 
butter; add one cupful cold water, three cupfuls 
flour, two teaspoonfuls baking powder and, 
lastl\% the stifiiy beaten whites of five eggs; 
bake in three large layers. Make a soft icing 
with the whites of two eggs; in one-half put 
cocoanut, in the other half chocolate. On the 
bottom layer spread the cocoanut, on the next 
layer jelly, and on the top chocolate, letting each 
filling run down the sides of the cake. Bake the 
day before using. Very nice. . 

Mrs. W. F. FalVa. 

MINNFHAHA CAKF. 

^2 cupful l)utter, 

1 }4 cupfuls sugar, 

Whites of 6, or 3 whole eggs, 

1 cupful sweet milk, 
2l4 cupfuls flour, 

2 teaspoonfuls baking powder. 
FILLING,— 

1 cupful sugar. 



CAKES 208 

4 tal)lcsp()unfuls water. 
Boil till clear then stir into it the beaten white 
of one e^cr-, add one-half cupful v'^eeded raisins, 
chopped; one-half cupful nuts. This rule is ^ood 
for either layer or loaf cake. 

F. J. Alsip, 

JKLLY ROLLS. 

1 cupful suoar, 
1 cu])ful Hour, 
3 eu-^-s, 

1 teaspoonful bakinj^;- powder. 
Stir well; spread thin in a long dripping pan 
and bake quickl}^ Turn out on a cloth, cutting 
off the edges; spread with jelly and roll. 

Mrs. Daisey Barnks. 

RAISIN CAKK. 

Break two eggs in a teacup, lill u{) with sweet 
cream, beat well together, then add one cupful 
sugar; one and two-thirds cupfuls flour with two 
teaspoonfuls baking powder. Flavor with lemon; 
bake in lavers. 
FILLING, - 

( )ne cupful sugar dissolved with three table- 
spoonfuls water: boil five minutes, and while hot 
[)onr on the beaten whites of two eggs and stir 
till cool. Add one pint seeded and chopped rais- 
ins; spread between layers. 

Mrs. Tt'rnkr. 

(IFRMAN PASTRY, 

l4 pound flour, 
'4 pound sugar. 



209 CAKES 

% pound butter, 
1 teavSpoonful baking powder. 
Rub the butter into the flour with the fingers; 
moisten with one egg and mix until the paste is 
quite smooth; if too stiff, add a very little milk. 
Roll out thin and cut in rounds the size of a tea- 
plate. Spread with raspberry jam, cov^er with 
paste and bake in a rather quick oven. 

Mrs. Thomas Nock. 

MOCHA CAKE. 

1 cupful sugar, scant, 
Y2 cupful butter, 
Whites of 3 eggs, 

2 cupfuls flour, 
^ cupful milk, 

1 teaspoonful baking powder. 
FILLING.— 

1 slice ^ inch thick of unsalted butter, 

1 cupful powdered sugar. 

Cream until the sugar cannot be tasted; beat 
yolks of two eggs and put with above; then add 
slowly one-quarter cup, scant, of coffee extract, 
boiling hot, a little at a time to the above. If 
not convenient to use coffee extract, one-quarter 
of a cup of fresh strong coffee will do as well. 

Mrs. L. C. Sanford. 

FRENCH CREAM CAKE. 

4 eggs, 

2 cupfuls sugar, 

1 cupful sweet milk, 

3 cupfuls flour, 

1 tablespoonful butter, 

2 teaspoonfuls baking powder. 



CAKES 2IU 

Bake in layers. Between layers put the follow- 
ing cream: 

1 pint sweet milk, 

1 cupful sugar, 

2 tablespoonfuls corn-starch, 
Lemon to suit taste. 

Boil these together and add one (tg^ well 
beaten after taking from the fire. 

WHITE FRUIT LAYER CAKE. 

1 cupful butter, 

2 cupfuls sugar, 

1 cupful milk, 

2 cupfuls flour, 

6 eggs (whites only) beaten stiff, 
2 teaspoonfuls baking powder. 
Bake in five layers, and while still hot |)ut to- 
gether with the following: 
PILLING,— 

One-quarter pound each finely chopped figs, 
vseeded raisins, citron, preserved ginger and 
blanched almonds. Stir them into the beaten 
whites of three eggs; one cupful powdered sugar 
and the juice of a lemon. Frost the tap with the 
white of an egg, a cupful of powdered sugar and 
the juice of a lemon. 

Lot- Nasburg, Oregon. 

WALNUT CAKE, NO. L 

2 cu])fuls sugar, 
1 cu|)ful butter, 
Whites of b eggs, 
Yolks of 2 eggs, 

1 cupful milk, 

3 '<2 cupfuls Hour. 



21! CAKES 

Flavor with vanilla, 

3% teaspoonfuLs baking' powder. 
FILLING,— 

Boil one cupful granulated sugar with four 
tahlespoonfuls water five minutCvS, or until it 
threads when dropped from the end of the spoon. 
With the left hand pour the boiling syrup in a 
small stream into the beaten white of an eg*g, 
while beating- hard with the right hand. Then add 
a cupful chopped walnuts and flavor with vanilla. 
Put halves of walnuts on the top of cake. 

Mrs. Ruth Parkhurst. 

WALNUT CAKE, NO. 2. 

1 cupful butter, 
2y2 cu]jfuls sugar, 
8 eg-gs (whites), 

3 teaspoonfuls baking- powder, 

2 cupfuls chopped walnuts. 
FROSTING,— 

2 cupfuls sugar, 
^^i cupfuls milk. 
Butter size of an egg. 
Boil these fifteen minutes then pour in a dish 
and stir until it thickens. Add white of egg well 
beaten and one tablespoonful vanilla. 

Mrs. J. M. Pugh. 

NUT CAKE. 

Beat the yolks of ten egg's very light with one 
pound sugar; one small cupful cracker flour; one 
teaspoonful baking powder; one pound ground 
nuts; then add the beaten whites of the eggs and 
bake one hour in a slow oven. When perfectly 
cold slice in two and fill and cover with whipped 



CAKES 212 

cream, to which a few <4round nuts and sugar to 
taste have been added. M. L. S. 

WORLD'S FAIR CAKE. 

1^ cupfuls sugar, 

V2 cupful butter, 

V2 cupful milk, 

\V2 cupfuls tiour before sifting, 

3 eggs beaten separately. 

1 large teaspoonful baking powder, 

6 large tablespoonfuls grated chocolate, 
3 large tablespoonfuls sugar in 2 large 
tablespoonfuls scalding milk. 
Add to the cake and bake in a scjuare pan. 
ICING,— 

2 cupfuls sugar, 
y^ cupful milk, 
Butter size of an ^^'^, 
Flavor. 

Boil hard fifteen minutes; remove from tire and 
stand until cool enough to spread. 

Miss Makv Mott. 

CHOCOLATE NOUGAT CAKE. 

Cream one-quarter cupful butter, add slowly 
one and one-half cupfuls sugar; one ^%^, well 
beaten. Mix three teaspoonfuls baking powder 
with two cupfuls flour; add this alternately with 
two-thirds cupful milk to the first mixture. 
Melt two squares Baker's chocolate, add three 
teaspoonfuls sugar, one-third cupful milk. When 
cool add to the cake. Flavor with one teaspoon- 
ful vanilla. Frost to[), then cover with shredded 
almonds. Mks. O. P. KiONYr)N. 



213 CAKES 

DEVIL'S FOOD CAKE, NO. 1. 

PART 1,— 

1 cupful brown sugfar, 
Vi cupful butter, 
1 cupful sweet milk, 

1 teaspoonful soda, 

2 cupfuls flour, 
PART 2,— 

1 cupful brown sug^ar, 

1 cupful grated chocolate, 
^ cupful sweet milk, 
Flavor with vanilla. 

Put part 2 on the stove, using a double boiler, 
and let it come to a boil, then cool and mix with 
part 1. Bake in layers and put the following^ 
icino- between. 
ICING,— 

6 rounded tablespoonfuls grated chocolate, 

1/^ cupfuls powdered sugar, 

3 eggs (whites). 

Beat whites ver}' little, then stir in chocolate. 
Add the sugar gradually, beating well, then set 
on stove and let it boll a short time. Allow cake 
to get thoroughly cool before removing from the 
tins, which will prevent crumbling. 

Mrs. L. C. Sanford. 

DEVIL \S FOOD CAKE, NO. 2. 

2 cupfuls brown sugar, 
Vt cupful butter, 

2 eggs, 

V2 cupful chocolate, 

y2 cupful sour milk, 

y^ cupful boiling water, 

1 pinch salt, 



CAKES 214 

1 teaspoon till sotla, 

3 cupfiils flour sifted. 
Beat sug"ar, butter and eggs together; add the 
chocolate dissolved in hot water, and the soda in 
the milk; lastly, the flour. Bake in layers. 
FILLING,— 

V2 cupful cream, 

2 cupful s brown sugar, 
% cupful butter. 

Cook until it hairs from spoon; add one tea- 
spoonful vanilla. (Excellent. ) 

Mrs. J. W. Slater. 

DKVIL'S POOD CAKE. NO. 3. 

Yolks of 2 eggs, 

2 squares chocolate, grated, 
1 cupful milk, 

1 cupful sugar, 

3 tablespoonfuls melted butter, 
1 ^4 cupfuls flour, 

1 teaspoonful soda and 
1 teas]30onful cream tartar, or two tea- 
spoonfuls baking powder, 

1 teaspoonful vanilla. 

Co.)k chocolate with one-half of the milk and 
the beaten yolks of the eggs until it thickens; let 
cool. Rub sugar and butter together, then add 
other ingredients. Bake in three layers or in a 
loaf. Mrs. Howard. 

LEMON CAKE. 

2 cui)Fuls sugar, 

' 2 cupful l)utter, 

1 cupful uiill<. 



215 CAKES 

3 cupfuls Hour, 

3 lev^el teaspoonfuls baking" powder. 
Bake in layers. For the jelly use the 
Grated rind and juice of 2 lemons, 
1 cupful sugar, 

V2 cupful cold water, 

1 tablespoonf ul flour mixed in a little water. 
Boil until it thickens and spread between layers 

of cake. 

ORANGE CAKE. 

2 cupfuls sugar, 
^ 1 cupful milk, 

3 cupfuls flour, 
5 yolks eggs, 

4 whites eggs, 
Butter size of walnut, 

2 teaspoonfuls baking powder. 
Juice 1 orange and grated rind. 

Bake in: layers. Between the layers use this 
icing: The white of one ^g^ beaten to a stiff 
froth: add the juice and grated rind of one lemon 
and powdered sugar suflicient to make right con- 
sistency to spread nicely. M. L. P. 

GOLD MEDAL FRENCH CREAM CAKE. 

1 cupful white sugar, 

3 eggs, 

1 Vz cupfuls flour, 

1 teaspoonful baking powder, 

2 tablespoonfuls thick sweet cream, 
1 teaspoonful lemon or vanilla. 

Bake as a jelly cake. For the mock cream: 
1 tablespoonful flour, 



CAKfcS 2I(' 

1 eg-^-, 

Yz teacupful white sugar, 

1 tablespoonful butter, 

V2 pint sweet milk (cream is preferred). 
Stir the flour in a little cold milk, add the'eg'g 
well beaten, the sugar; then add the butter to 
this. Add the milk or cream and boil the whole 
until it thickens. Flavor with lemon. If used in 
cake while warm spread between cake. The cake 
is much improved if baked a dav or two before 
using. This cake was first baked for Louis Na- 
poleon for the Paris Exposition at Paris, for 
which a gold medal was granted; afterwards for 
the Centennial at Philadelphia, 1876. 

PLAIN FR()STIN(;. 

White ol" 1 egg, 
1 teaspoonful lemon juice, 
1 vScant cupful powdered sugar. 
Put egg and lemon juice in a bowl, stirrings in 
sugar gradually. Beat, not stir, all together five 
minutes. 

Mrs. a. M. Lynks. 

l^OILKD IC1N(;. 

1 cupful g-ranulated sugar, 

'3 cupful boiling water. 

White of one egg, 

1 saltspoonful cream tartar. 
Boil sugar and water without stirring until the 
syrup, when taken up on a skewer, will "thread" 
or "rope." When nearly at that point beat the 
egg stiff: add the cream tartar, and ])our the 
syrup ov.' ■ the egg in a fine stream, beating well. 
When it thickens and is perfect! \' smooth pour it 



217 CAKhS 

over the cake. It hardens quickly and should be 
put on the cake before it stiffens enough to drop. 
Mrs. Lincoln's Cook Book. 

GOLDEN FROSTING. 

Beat yolks of eg'jj's and stir in powdered su^ar 
till stiff enough to spread, not to run. Flavor 
with vanilla or wine. Mrs. A. F. NoRRls. 

ORANGF FROSTING. 

Mix together the yolk of one egg, one table- 
spoonful orange juice, one-half teaspoonful or- 
ange extract and confectioner's sugar, to make 
it thick enough to spread. Mrs. Gtllogly. 

CHOCOLATF ICING. 

Yolks of two eggs beaten; add (jne cupful 
sugar boiled to consistency of candy. Beat until 
rather thick then add three-quarters cupful 
chocolate. Flavor with vanilla. 

Sarah Cot.eman. 

COLORED ICING. 

Several green coffee beans left to soak in the 
unbeaten white of an egg will color cake icing a 
delicate green. The beans shouldbe removed and 
the egg whipped and used for the icing. 

CHOCOLATE FROSTINC^. 

Whites of 2 eggs, 

2 tablespoonfuls cold water to each egg; 

(stir well), 



CAKES 218 

1 teasponful vanilla, 

2 squares chocolate. 

Melt chocolate, add water, then sug"ar, guess- 
ing at quantity of sugar. 

Mrs. O. p. Kk^jyon. 

MILK FROSTING. 

1)4 cupfuls sugar, , 

1 teaspoonful butter, 

yi cupful milk, 

Yi teaspoonful vanilla. 
Melt the butter in a saucepan, then add sugar 
and milk. Boil gently without stirring for thir- 
teen minutes. Beat until stiff enough to spread, 
then add flavoring and spread over cake. 

MAPLK CARAMKL FILLING. 

1 /^ cupfuls maple sugar, 
1 tablespoonful butter, 
% cupful milk. 
Boil until it spins a heavy thread; cool a little 
and stir. 

ALM(3ND CUSTARD. 
(For Filling.) 

'2 ])int cream, 

3 eggs, 

1 teas])()onful corn-starch, 
1 tablespoonful powdered sugar. 
Add 1 cupful chopped almonds to custard; cook 
a few minutes. Flavor with two or three drops 
almond combined with a little vanilla. 



219 CAKES 

PIG FILLING. 

1 cupful sugar, 

4 tablespoonfuls water, 

White of 1 eg-g beaten stiff, 

12 figs soaked % hour in warm water, 

then chopped. 
Boil sugar and water until sugar threads; stir 
slowly into white of egg, then chopped figs. 
I^nough for two layers. 

KGGLKSS CAKE. 

1% cupfuls sugar, 

l4 cupful of butter, 

1 cupful sour milk, 

% teaspoonful soda, 

^4 teaspoonful cinnamon, 

]4 nutmeg (grated), 

3 level cupfuls sifted flour, 

1}4 cupfuls seeded raisins chopped and 

well floured in part of these 3 cupfuls. 
A tutti frutti filling for layer cake is made by 
mixing chopped raisins and a small quantit\^ of 
lemon, orange and citron peel, currants and nuts 
with soft icing. It m.ust be ver}- thoroughly 
mixed, so that no one ingredient shall predom- 
inate. TreAvSurer New and Old. 



ADVEKTISEMENTS 



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Stationery and Fancy Novelties 

Perfumery 

Spices, Flavoring Extracts 

Confectioners' Sugar 
Fresh Choice Candies 

Ice Cream in Season 
FOWLER - - CALIFORNIA 



R. W. WILLIAMS C. H. WILLIAMS 

Fowler Carriage & Agricultural Works 

R. W. WILLIAMS & BRO.. Proprietors 

General Blacksmiths 
And Wagonmakers... 

Fowler, - - - California 



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i)i<:.\li-:ks in 



Choice Fresh Meats 

Of All Kinds 

Fowler - - California 



ADVERTISEMENTS 



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(Incorporated) 



We are the packers of 

Diamond Our Best 

Morning Star Corona 
Victor a,id Raisin City 

Brands of Seeded Raisins and 

Arrow Brands Dried Fruits 



Enough Said 



P R K S N ( ) AND F () W L K R 
CALIFORNIA 



Cookies, Doughnuts and 
Small Cakes. 



Mrs. M. K. Trowbkmik;^:. 



ALMOND CAKKS. 

1 pound sifted iioiir, 
Yx pound butter, 

^4- pound sut>-ar, 

2 eggs, 

% teaspoonful each lemon and almond ex- 
tract, 

2 teaspoonfuls ground ginger. 
One teaspoonful ground cinnamon, 
4 ounces of almonds blanched and chopped 
ver)' fine, 

2 ounces of raisins finely cho])ped. 
Mix all the dry ingredients together; then rub 
in the butter, add eggs and essence last of all; 
rollout half an inch thick; cut in fancy shapes 
and bake in a slow oven. These are excellent. 

L. C. Landis. 

l^>()()P>IKvS. 

^ ^ ^ ^^ ' ' 

2' J cupl'uls ilour, 
1 cuj)f"ul sugar, 
•^4 cupful bill U'r, 



221 COOKIES, DOUGHNUTS AND SMALL CAKES 

1 small wineg-lass brandy or whisk}^ 

2 teaspoonfuls baking powder, 
Lemon flavoring. 

Rub, flour, butter and sugar together; add the 
other ingredients and enough milk to mix like 
cookies. Roll out and spread the brtoby filling 
over the top. Roll up like jelly cake; slice off 
with a sharp knife and bake. 
BOOBY FILLING,— 

1 cupful seeded raisins, 

1 cupful currants, 

Yz pound each of citron, walnuts, blanched 

almonds, 

1 teaspoonful each of cloves, cinnamon 
and allspice, 

5 pulverized ginger snaps. 
Mix and chop fine. 

Autograph Cook Book. 

COOKIKS, NO. 1. 

2 cupfuls sugar, 

1 cupful butter, 
4 cupfuls flour, 

2 teaspoonfuls soda, 

4 teaspoonfuls cream tartar, 

6 eggs. 

Rub the flour, cream tartar, soda and butter 
together. 

Miss Sarah Parrow, Selma, Cal. 

COOKIES, NO. 2. 

2 teacupfuls sugar, 

1 teacupful butter, 

2 pcrcrs; 

^4 cupful sweet milk. 



COOKIES, DOUGHNUTS AND SMALL CAKES 222 

1 teaspoonful bakitijj;' powder, 
Nutmeg-. 

Mix as soft as possible; roll thin and bake in a 
quick oven. 

Mrs. J. .S. Paintrr, Pacific Grove, Cal. 

COOKIES, NO. 3. 

2 cupfuls suLTar, 
- e^ji-s, 

-A, cu}>ful butter, 

1 cupful milk, 

Yz teaspoonful salt, 

2 teaspoonfuls baking- i)o\vder, 
Knough flour to roll nicelv. 

Cream sugar and butter, then add the eggs. 
Mrs. G. W. Clarkk, Columbus, O. 

COOKIES, NO. 4. 

1 cu])ful sugar, 

1 cu])ful butter, 
4 eggs, 

2 teaspoonfuls baking powder. 
Enough fl<mr to mix rather stiff. 

Roll thin and bake in a hot oven. Flavor to 
taste. Mrs. Semir Turner. 

COOKIES, NO. S. 

2 cupfuls sugar, 

1 cuj^ful butter or nice drippings, 

1 cupful sour milk or buttermilk, 

4 egg-s, l)eaten ligh.t, use 6 if von have 

plenty, 

3 teaspoonfuls baking powder, 



223 COOKIES, DOUGHNUTS AND SMALL CAKtS 

Flour sufficient to make quite stiff. 
Bake in quick oven. Mrs. AvSBURY. 

COOKIKS, NO. 6. 

1 cupful butter, 
1^2 cupfuls su)j-ar, 

1 cupful sour milk, 

1 scant saltspoonful soda, 

^ teaspoonful lemon extract, 

1 quart flour. 

Sift the flour twice, then return to sieve: add 
a pinch of salt and a teaspoonful of baking; 
powder and salt all once more. Rub butter and 
sugar to a cream; add the well beaten eg'g's and 
stir well. To this add the sour milk after soda 
has been well mixed with it. Lastly, add the 
lemon and one j^^-rated nutmeg'; then add flour 
until a soft doug-h is formed. Roll out thin and 
sprinkle with sugar, passing the rolling pin over 
it. Cut out and bake in a quick oven. Handle as 
little as possible after the flour is added. Will 
keep well; if they become dry put a couple of 
slices of bread in the jar with the cookies. 
Mrs. Wylir M. Giffkn. 

CITRON COOKIKS. 

^4 cuj)ful butter. 
1/4 cupfuls sugar, 

2 eggs, 

^4- cupful milk, 

% cupful citrcm, cut tine, 

1 heaping teaspoonful baking powder, 

1 teaspoonful each of allspice and cloves, 

Flour to thicken, 



COOKIES, DOUGMNUTS AND SMALL CAKES 224 

Flavor to taste. 
Rub butter and vsuo-ar to cream. Drop by tea- 
spoonfuls on buttered tins. Bake in quick oven. 

MRvS. Roy R. Gi?^fkn. 

CREAM COOKIES. 

1 cupful sour cream, 

1 H cupful sujJi^ar, 
^ cupful butter, 

2 eo-crs, 

j/2 teaspoonful soda, 

% teaspoonful each of cinnamon and nut- 
meg-. 

Mrs. a. Harris. 

CH( )C()LATR C( )( )KIKS. 

1 cupful lirown su.j^'ar, 

% cu])l"uls butter, 

!/2 cupful milk, 

1/^ cupfuls flour, 

% cuf)ful raisins, 

]4 cupful nuts, 

1 teaspoonful soda, in milk, 

3 squares of chocolate. 

Mrs. M. K. Trowhridgk, Fresno, Cal. 

FRUIT COOKIES. 

1 cii])li!i su,L;-ar, 
-v^ cu])l'iil buUer, 

2 ei4---s, 

1 cuplul chopped raisins, 
l4 teaspoonful soda, dissolved in a table- 
spoonful water, 
1 tablespoonful brandy, 



225 COOKIES, DOUGHNUTS AND SMALL CAKES 

All kinds of spices, 
Flour to roll. 
Mrs. J. S. Painter, Pacific Grove. 

GINGER COOKIKS, NO. 1. 

1 cupful sLio-ar, 

1 cupful molasses, sorg^huiu or New Or- 
leans, 

1 cupful butter, 
^ cupful buttermilk, 

1 large teaspoonful soda. 
Ginger to taste, 

Flour to mix soft. 

Mrs. Gilbert, Selma, Cal. 

GINGKR COOKIFS, NO. 2. 

2 cupfuls sugar, 

2 cupfuls molasses, 

1 teaspoonful ginger, 
1 cupful butter or lard, 

3 eggs, _ _ • 

1 tablespoonful soda dissolved in 3 table- 
spoonfuls water. 
Mix very stiff, roll thin and bake in a hot oven. 
Mrs. Angie Turner. 

H(^NEY COOKIES. 

yi cui:>ful butter, 

1 cupful sugar, 

1 cupful honev, 

1 cupful water (boiling), 

1 tablespoonful ginger, 

2 teaspoonfuls soda. 
Flour sufficient to roll out thin. 

Mrs. J. Arernathy. 



COOKIES, DOUGHNUTS AND SMALL CAKES lit 

ROLLKD OAT COOKIES. 

1 cupful su^ar, 

1 cupful butter and lard mixed and melted, 

2 cupfuls flour, 

2 cupfuls rolled oats, 

1 cupful raisins or currants, 

^ teaspoonful soda, dissolved in a little 

warm water, 

1 teaspoonful mixed spices, 

4 tablespoonfuls of -sweet milk, 

2 e^^ijs, 

Mix to<T^ether; drop a teaspoonful on a buttered 
pan a little distance apart, and bake. 

Lena Poole. 

WALNUT COOKIKS, NO. 1. 

1 cupful brown suj^-ar, 

2 eg-^s. 
Mix well. 

1 cupful tiour, 

1 cu])ful chopped walnuts, 

A little salt, 

% teaspoonful baking- powder. 
Mix eggs and sugar, then flour and nuts; if 
not stiff enough add more flour. Bake slowlv on 
buttered paper. MRvS. Prick. 

WALNUT COOKIES, NO. 2. 

1/^ cupfuls sugar, 
1 cu])ru] butter, 

1 cujjful each walnuts and raisins, the 
raisins seeded and chopped with walnuts. 
1 teaspoonful each of cloves, cinnamon and 



227 COOKIES, DOUGHNUTS AND SMALL CAKtS 

vanilla, 

1 teaspoonful soda, 

3 cupfuls flour, or enough to make a stiff 

doug-h. Kmma Pilgrim. 

CHOCOLATE DROP CAKES. 

^ pound butter, 
1 pound sugar, 
H pound Baker's chocolate, 
5 eg"gs, reserving whites of two for frost- 
ing, 

^ pound blanched almonds, chopped fine, 
1 cupful milk, 

1 pound flour, 

2 teaspoonfuls baking powder, 
Flavor with vanilla. 

Melt chocolate and add to butter, sugar and 
eggs when well beaten; add other ingredients, 
bake in small tins and frost with white frosting. 
This rule makes five dozen cakes. 

Mrs. E. D. Depew. 

CUP CAKES. 

1 cupful butter, 

2 cupfuls sugar, 

3 cupfuls flour, 

4 eggs, 

,^/2 cupful milk, 

1 heaping teaspoonful baking powder. 
Mrs. a. E. Norris. 

COCOANUT KISSES. 

White of 1 e^^, 

1 large cupful sugar, 



COOKIES, DOUGHNUTS AND SMALL CAKES 228 

2 tablesi><)()nJ"uls sweet milk, 

1 tablespoonfiil flour, 

^4 pound orated cocoanut. 
Beat white of et>:«^ until stiff, add su^ar, milk 
and flour; work in the cocoanut, mould into cones 
and bake on buttered tins. 

Mrs. E. V. Kkllky. 

COCOANUT PYRAMIDS. 

Beat the whites of two eggs until light and 
stiff; mix with two cupfuls of grated cocoanut, 
one cupful powdered sugar, ten tablespoon fuls 
flour. Make into pyramids and bake brown. 

A. E. N. 

CRULLERS, NO. L 

2 coffee cupfuls sugar, 
3/^ cupful sweet milk, 

3 eggs, 

1 tablespoonful butter, 
Yz nutmeg. 

1 teaspoon ful baking powder. 
Plour enough to mould in shape and fry in hot 
fat. Mrs. R. D. Jones, Fresno. 

CRULLERS, NO. 2. 

1 cujiful sugar, 
^^ eggs, 

^ cupful milk, 

4 tablespoon fuls melted lard, 

2 teaspoonfuls baking powder, 
Pinch of salt. 

Flour to make the dough stiff enough to roll. 
Cut into the shaj^e vou prefer and fry in hot lard. 

M. L. Parkhtrst. 



229 COOKIES, DOUGHNUTS AND SMALL CAKES 

DOUGHNUTS, NO. 1. 

2 beaten eg"g"s, 

1 cupful sugar, 

4 tablespoon fuLs melted Tard, 

1 cupful sweet milk, 

2 even teaspoonfuls baking- powder, 
A little salt, 

Flavoring- to taste. 
Flour to make a soft doug-h and fry in hot lard. 
Mrs. Daisey Barnks. 

DOUGHNUTS. NO. 2. 

4 eg-gs, 

2 cupfuls sugar, 

1 cupful sour cream, 
1 teaspoonful soda. 
Mix soft and drop into hot lard. 

Mrs. a. Eldkr. 

DOUGHNUTS, NO. 3. 

1 rounding coffee cupful light brown sugar, 

3 tablespoonfuls melted butter, 

2 eggs, 

5^ cupful sour milk, 

/^ teaspoonful soda, 

V2 teaspoonful baking powder. 
The dough must be mixed as soft as possible 
to handle. Tf mixed stiff the doughnuts are 
ruined. The fat in which the}" are fried must be 
smoking hot, but not boiling. 

Mrs. J. S. Painter, Pacific Grove. 

DOUGHNUTS, NO. 4. 

1 cupful sugar. 



COOKIES, DOUGHNUTS AND SMALL CAKES 230 

1 pint buttermilk, 

2 tablespoonfuLs molasses, 
1 tablespoonful soda, 
Butter size of an e^g. 
Nutmegs to taste. 

Mix all together with tiour enough to mould 
into shape. Put in a little salt, pepper and lard, 
to take away the fatty smell. 

M. E. TROWBRID(iE. 

(ilNGER DROPS. 

1 t' *->' <•'■ 

1 cupful sugar, 

5 cupfuls flour, 

1 tablespoonful ginger and cinnamon in 
flour, 

3/}^ cupfuls butter, 

2 cupfuls molasses (Orleans), 
1 tablespoonful soda, 

^4 cupful water. 
Have thicker than cake mixture; drop from 
spoon. Bake them in dripping pans and have them 
just stiff enough so thev will not be all in one 
cake. 

(;in(tKK snaps. 

Take two cupluls of boiled New Orleans mo- 
lasses after it is cooled, one cupful lard and butter 
mixed, one teaspoonful of salt, soda and ginger. 
Mix them together with a cjuarter of a cupful of 
milk, adding enough flour to make a stiff dough. 
Any flavor may be added. 

Mrs. H. Ramsay. 



231 COOKIES, DOUGHNUTS AND SMALL CAKhS 

SOFT GINGKR BRE^AD, NO. 1. 

1 cupful butter, stir to a cream, 
3^ cupful brown sug-ar, 

2 cupfuls cooking molaSvSes, 
1 cupful sweet milk, 

1 tablespoonful ginger, 
1 tablespoonful cinnamon, 

3 eggs, whites andyolks beaten separately. 
Beat all these ingredients together; add two 

cupfuls flour, one teaspoonful soda, dissolved in 
water, and, lastl3^ two cupfuls more of flour. 
Butter and paper two common sized bread pans; 
divide the mixture, putting half in each. Bake in 
a moderate oven from forty to sixty minutes. If 
sour milk is used the cake is much lighter; but 
either sweet or sour, it is excellent. 

Mrs. (tKoror Clark. 

SOFT GINGKR BREAD, NO. 2. 

1 cupful butter and lard mixed, 

1 cupful sour milk, 

1 cupful molasses, 

1 tablespoonful soda beaten in the molasses 

until it foams, 

3 eggs, 

1 tablespoonful ginger, 

Flour consistency of cake batter. 

Mrs. Fdwin W. Brunton. 

SOUR MILK GINGER BREAD. 

1 cupful molasses, 

1 cupful thick sour milk, 

1^4 teaspoonfuls soda, ^ 

3 teaspoonfuls ginger, 



COOKIES. DOUGHNUTS AND SMALL CAKES 232 

^/^ teas[)(>onfiil cloves, 
Yz teaspoon fill cinnamon, 
Vi teaspoon in 1 salt, 

1 pcrtv 

Yz cupful melted butter, 
2'^'4 cupfuls flour. 
Sift all the drv ing-redients tog;ether two or 
three times. Mix toi^ether the milk and molasses 
and add this j^radually to tlie flour; add the 
beaten egj^ and melted butter last. . Put in well- 
creased pan and bake twent^^-five or thirty min- 
utes. 

OATMKAL AND RAISIN GINGKR BRKAD. 

Warm one pound molasses with one-quarter 
pound butter, lard or drippinj^'s and one-quarter 
])ound brown su^ar. 

1/4 pounds fine oatmeal, 

V^ pound flour, 

1 teaspoonful liakinjj- powder, 

1 tablespoonful <4"round g'inj^'er, 

Yz teas])oonful mixed spices, 

1 ounce candied peel, cut tine, 

1 ])ound seeded raisins, chopped. 
Pour the molasses, etc., over the drv inj^ii^red- 
.ients and mix well. Pour into a buttered tin and 
bake. 

(;INGKR CAKK. 

1 '/2 pounds flour, 

'l^^ pound butter, 

1 ]K)und molasses, 

'4 ]:)ound brown sui^ar, 

1 ounce jj^ini^X'r, 

Y2 ounce spi*'e. 



233 COOKIES. DOUGHNUTS AND SMALL CAKtS 

1 nutmeg", 

3 eggs, 

1 pound seeded raisins, 

A little lemon peel. 
Mix the flour, sugar, ginger and spices to- 
gether; warm the butter and molasses and add 
to the other ingredients. Dissolve a teaspoonful 
of soda in small half cupful warm milk, to which 
add the eggs well beaten. Mix all thorovighly, 
pour into a buttered cake tin and bake in a mod- 
erate oven one hour. 



GINGER CAKES. . 

1 cupful brown sugar, 
^ cupful molasses, 

4 tablespoofuls melted butter, 

1^4 cupfuls flour, 

yi cupful sour milk, not very old, 

2 eggs, one will do, 

1 level teaspoonful soda, 
1 heaping teaspoonful ginger, 
1 level teaspoonful cinnamon. 
Mix in the order given; put into gem pans and 
bake in a slow oven. 

MACARCK )NS. 

To the whites of two eggs well beaten add one 
coffee cupful of granulated sugar, one-half pound 
almonds blanched and chopped fine. Place little 
balls of the mixture on buttered papers in tins 
and bake in a cool oven till light brown. In case 
the mixture is not stiff enough add more sugar. 

Kmtly Dah1v<;rkx. 



COOKIES, DOUGHNUTS AND SMALL CAKES 234 

SPANISH MACAROONS. 

Pound ei^ht ounces of blanched almonds 
and the same quantity of pulverized sug-ar, and 
three ounces rice flour; then the yolks of three 
ejJ'g's and beat until cream}^; add the whites 
beaten stiff and stir all well. Flavor with almond 
or vanilla. Drop on white paper of the desired 
size and sprinkle with chopped nuts and coarse 
sug"ar. Bake at once in a moderate oven. ^ 
Mrs. V. A. Lewis, Santa Barbara. 

MOONSHINERS. 

Beat one egg, with a pinch of salt, then stir in 
enough sifted flour to make a stiff dough. Break 
off little pieces and shape into marbles; then roll 
out each one as thin as possible. Fry in hot lard 
just an instant, until lig"ht brown; cool. When 
needed put a teaspoonful of nice firm jelly in 
center of each. Verv pretty and dainty. 

Mrs. G. S. Waterman. 

TANGLE FOOT CAKES. 

5 eg"g"s beaten separately, 

1 tablespoonful sugar to each egg, 

1 tablespoonful sweet cream to each eg'g', 

2 teaspoon fuls baking powder, 
Flavor with vanilla. 

Flour enough to make a soft dough. 
Cut. twist and frv in hot olive oil (Gower's). 

Mrs. Tt rner. 

^ MOLASSES CAKE. 

Mix WL'll one cupful sugar with three 
tablespoonful s butter; add one cupful molasses 



235 COOKIES. DOUGHNUTS AND SMALL CAKES 

and two of thick sour milk; then two teaspoon- 
fuls baking- soda dissolved in a little water. Sift 
in enough flour to make a stiff batter; flavor to 
taste with ground ginger. 

Agnes E. Streeter. 

CHOCOLATK MACAROONS. 

2 eggs, whites, beaten stiff, 
^ pound sugar, 
A little vanilla, 

J/2 pound unsweetened chocolate, grated. 
Stir fifteen minutes; bake ver}^ carefully in not 
too hot oven. No time, use paper not buttered. 

Mrs. C. B. Stone. 

NUT KISSES. 

2 pounds powdered sugar or sifted gran- 
ulated, 

12 eggs (whites only) beaten very light. 
Beat eggs first very stiff then add sugar. 

2 teaspoonfuls vanilla, 

6 even tablespoonfuls flour, 

2 teaspoonfuls lemon, 

1 pound nut crumbs. 
Only mix in nuts as 3'ou bake; drop from spoon 
in small mounds. Bake in pan not greased, in a 
very slow oven until a delicate brown. 

MARGUERITES. 

Whites of 2 eggs well beaten, 
1 cupful granulated sugar. 
After well beaten together add 1 cupful wal- 
nuts, chopped fine; flavor w4th vanilla. Spread 
on salted crackers and brown in the oven. 

Miss Sarah Coleman. 



COOKIES. DOUGHNUTS AND SMALL CAKES 236 

NUT CRISPS. 

1 tablespoonful butter, 
1 cupful su^ar, 

1 teaspoonful vanilla, 
2e^gs, 

2/^ cupfuls rolled oats (dr\'), 

2 teaspoonfuls baking powder, 

^ teaspoonful salt mixed with the oats. 
Drop b}" small spoonfuls and bake in very slow 
oven. Mrs. K. Y. Garrette. 

NOTHINGS. 

Yi cuj)ful butter, 

1 cupful flour. 

Rub too-ether, moisten with sweet cream, 
pinch of salt, roll very thin and cut out with a 
douo"hnut cutter. Dip in the beaten white of an 
eg'g', then in blanched almonds chopped fine, and 
pulverized sucj^ar. Bake in a quick oven, like 
cookies. 

NUT CAKKS BAKKD IN GEM PANS. 

2 ej<^s, 

2 cupfuls brown suiJ;ar, 
2 cupfuls flour, 

1 teas])oonful bakinj^" ])owder, 

2 tablespoonful s water, 
2 cupfuls nut-meats. 

PEPPKR NUTS. 

4eo-o-s, 

Grated peeis 3 lemons, 

1 pound j^^ranulntccl sut^nr. 



237 COOKIES, DOUGHNUTS AND SMALL CAKES 

4 ounces citron chopped fine, 
1 teaspoonful ground cloves, 
1 teaspoonful allspice, ground, 
3 teaspoonfuls g-round cinnamon, 
1 even teaspoonful ground pepper, 
1 even teaspoonful soda, 
Flour enough to roll out stiff. 
Cut them the size of a silver quarter, about 
one-half inch thick. Spread on the baking board 
and leave them until next morning, then bake in 
a slow oven. Much improved when a few weeks 
old. Mrs. W. A. Robertson. 

ROCKS. 

iy2 cupfuls brown sugar, 
3 eggs beaten separately, 
1 cupful butter, 
iy2 pounds walnuts chopped, 
2)4 cupfuls flour, 
1 pound seeded raisins, 
1 teaspoonful cinnamon, 
1 teaspoonful soda, 
Pinch of salt, 
Make in balls and bake a dark brown. 

Mrs. Kleeburger. 

ROCK CAKES. 

1 pound flour, 
^ pound sugar, 

Yz p(Hind currants, 
y2 pound butter, 
%. pound citron, 

2 teaspoonfuls baking powder, 

3 eggs, 

y2 cupful milk, 
Bake in small tins. 

Mrs. Ruth Albrbcht. 



COOKIES, DOUGHNUTS AND SMALL CAKES 238 

vSHRKWvSBURY CAKES. 

2 cupful s butter, 
1 pint of sutrar. 

3 pints Hour, 

W teaspoonful mace. 
Roll thin and cut into small cakes and bake 
in a cjuick oven. No more flour'than what is giv- 
en above must be used. The cakes should be made 
in a cool room and cannot be made in warm 
weather. They can be kept a lon,iJ- time and are 
delicious. Mrs. John A. Young. 

SCOTCH SCONES. 

Sift one quart flour, two heaping- teaspoonfuls 
baking powder, tablespoonful sugar and a little 
salt; add milk enough to make soft paste; turn 
onto well-fioured board and roll out until one-half 
inch thick. Cut out the scones with large or 
small round cutter and bake on a hot griddle. 
When brown on one side, turn. When done, place 
on clean towel and cover to keep soft. If butter- 
milk is used take soda instead of baking powder. 

Margaret Darling. 

SCOTCH SHORTBREAD. 

1 ])ound flour, 

Vj pound butter, 

^'4 pound sugar. 

Small teaspoonful baking powder. 

Knead sugar into butter then gradually knead 

in Hour until all is used up. Shape into two flat 

cakes three-quarters of an inch thick and bake 

in moderate oven until a light brown or about 



239 COOKIES. DOUOMNUTS AND SMALL CAKES 

twenty or thirty minutes. Bake in flat, papered 
tins. Margaret Darling. 

SNIPPDOODLES. 

1 cupful sug-ar, 

1 tablespoonful butter, 

Yi cupful sweet milk, 

1 egg, 

1 cupful flour, 

1 teaspoonful baking powder, 

1 teaspoonful cinnamon. 
Cream the butter; add the sugar, then the ^^^ 
well beaten. Sift flour, baking powder and cin- 
namon together; then add the milk. Spread very 
thin on a tin and bake. When nearly done sprinkle 
with sugar; when brown remove from the oven 
and cut into squares and remove quickly with a 
knife. They should be thin and crispy. 

MRvS. NAvSON. 

te:xas jumbles. 

1^ pounds flour, 
1 pound sugar, 
Va, pound butter, 
3 eggs, 

1 teaspoonful soda, 
1 small cupful milk. 
This receipt has been tried for thirty-four 
years and has never failed. 

Mrs. Thomas Hirst, Oregon. 

CHOCOLATK WAFERS. 

1 cupful brown sugar, 
1 cupful white sugar, 



COOKIES. DOUGHNUTS AND SMALL CAKES 240 

1 cupful grated chocolate, 
Yz cupful water, 

1 teaspoonful baking powder, 
Plour to make stiff. 

Roll ver}' thin and bake in a quick oven. 

WALNUT CAKES. 

2 eggs well beaten, 

1 cupful brown sugar, 
1 tablespoonful molasses, 
1 cupful walnuts, 
y2 teaspoonful salt. 
Spice or ginger, 
1 cupful flour. 
Drop by teaspoonfulson buttered pans and bake 
in quick oven. Mrs. A. M. Lynes. 

WALNUT WAFERS. 

Beat two eggs till light, add one cupful brown 
sugar and beat again. Beat in one cupful 
chopped walnuts and three tablespoonfuls sifted 
flour. Drop on buttered tins about the size of a 
half dollar and far apart. Bake in a moderate 
oven. Remove from tins when cold. Keep in a 
tightly covered tin box. 

Mrs. DAHL(iRRN, Easton. 



Puddings. 

Mrs. J. K. Turner. 



Fuddlngs hot ai)d puddings cold, 
Made by methods nftw and old, 
Partake, kind friends, quite moderately, 
I,est strange visions yon may see. 



In making- puddings the moulds or dishes in 
which they are cooked should be well buttered. 
Boiled puddings should be put in into boiling 
water and the water kept boiling steadily all the 
time; adding hot water, as the water in which 
the pudding is cooked evaporates. Not only the 
mould, but the kettle also must be closely cov- 
ered. If a bag is used, wring it out of hot water 
and flour it well; and when the pudding is done 
dip it into cold water, and it will come out 
easily; the same may be done with a mould. It 
takes nearly twice as long again to boil or steam 
as it does to bake. Raisins should be well dried 
lest the pudding be heavy; and for a quickly 
cooked pudding we think the raisins should be 
previously cooked. 

CHRISTMAS PLUM PUDDING, NO. 1. 

1 cupful suet, finely chopped, 

2 cupfuls bread crumbs, 
1 cupful sugar, 

1 cupful raisins, seeded, 

1 cupful currants, 

1 cupful nuts, chopped well, 



PUDDINGS 242 

^7. cupful citron, 

1 cupful sour milk, 

1 teaspoonful soda, dissolved in the milk, 

1 teaspoonful cloves, 

2 teaspoonfuls cinnamon, 
^ of a grated nutmeg", 

4 egfgs, well beaten, 
Flour 3^our fruit well from one pint of flour 
and add the rest to the pudding. Boil or steam 
four hours. Kate PraTT. 

CHRISTMAS PLUM PUDDING, NO. 2. 

1 pound of flour, 

1 pound bread crumbs, 

2 pounds chopped suet, 
1^ pounds currants, 

1 pound sugar, 

Yz pound mixed candied peel, 

^ pound almonds, 

/^ teaspoonful nutmeg. 

Rind and juice of 1 lemon, 

6 eggs, 

^ bottle Guiness Stout, 

1 tea cupful brandy. 
Chop suet fine: add flour and bread crumbs, 
and almonds blanched and chopped, sugar, peel, 
lemon, spice, eggs, and lastly, the stout and 
brandy. Boil in pudding mould seven hours. 

Margaret Darling. 

CHRISTMAS PLUM PUDDING, NO. 3. 

3 cuofuls sifted flour, 

1 cupful seeded raisins, 

^A cupful thinly sliced citron, 

1 cupful sugar. 



243 PUDDINGS 

1 cupful chopped walnuts, 

2 tablespoonsful oliv^e oil (Gower'vs), 

/^ teaspoonful each of cinnamon, cloves. 
nutmeg- and grated lemon peel, 
1 teaspoonful soda, 
1 teaspoonful salt, 

4 eggs, thoroughlv beaten, 

Sour milk to make a thick batter. 
Steam four hours. Serve with lemon sauce, 
made with one cupful of sugar dissolved in one 
pint of hot water. When the water comes to a 
boil, stir slowly into it a tablespoonful of whole 
wheat flour, rubbed smooth in one-half cupful 
of cold water. Let boil ten minutes; stir in a 
lump of butter, a sprinkle of nutmeg, and pour 
it over a thinly sliced lemon. Set to cool. 

Mrs. Amos Harris. 

PLUM PUDDING. 

1 pound suet, shredded and chopped, 

1 pound sugar, 

% pound stale bread crumbs, 
% pound flour, 
% pint brandy, 

5 etJ'^j's 

2 pounds stoned raisins, 
1 pound currants, 

1 pound mixed citron, 

2 teaspoonfuls cinnamon, 

1 teaspoonful allspice, cloves, nutmeg and 

salt. 

Candied orange and lemon peel. 

Boil in well floured cloth or coarse mould five 

hours. This can be made a month in advance, 

boiling two hours on the day of using. The Queen 

of England, a few years ago, offered a {)ri/:e for 



PUDDINGS 244 

the best plum pudding- recipe obtainable in her 
kino^dom. Five hundred recipes were submitted, 
the one g^iven above receiving the prize. 

AgnKS R. Srxgstacken, Oregon.' 

PLUM PUDDING WITHOUT EGGS. 

Add one teaspoonful soda, dissolved in one 
tablespoonful hot water, to one cupful molavSses 
and beat until light. To this add — 

1 cupful sweet milk, 

^4. cupful chopped suet, 

1 teasjjoonful cinnamon, 
^ teaspoonful nutmeg, 
^^ teaspoonful cloves, 

3 cupfuls whole wheat flour, 

2 or more cupfuls chopped raisins, 

1 whole candied orange peel, chopped, 
1 cupful chopped citron. 
Steam in a buttered mould three to five hours. 
Serve hot with a hot. sweet sauce. If any of the 
pudding is left it can be sliced, the slices placed 
on a plate and reheated in a steamer. 

Mrs. K. J. Durham. 

SPICED mp:at puddin(;. 

3 cupfuls flour, 

1 teaspoonful each soda, salt and ginger, 

y? teaspoonful each of cinnamon, nutmeg 

and clov^es. 

Sift all together. Add one cupful finely chopped 

suet, 1 cupful molasses, one cu]:)ful sour milk, 

(mixed together), one cuj)ful seeded raisins. Mix 

all together and boil two hours in double boiler. 

Miss Emma Rarxktt. 



245 PUDDINGS 

EXCELLENT SUET PUDDINCx. 

1 quart flour, 
• 1 cupful seeded raisins, chopped, 

1 cupful suet, 

Yi cupful molasses, the cup filled up with 
sugar, 

2 cupfuls sweet milk, 
1 teaspoonful soda, 
Salt and spices to taste. 

Steam three hours. 

Mrs. Daisey Barnes. 

SUET PUDDING, NO. 1. 

1 cupful suet, chopped fine, 

1 cupful raisins, seeded and chopped, 

1 cupful molasses, 

1 cupful sweet milk. 

3 cupfuls flour, 

1 teaspoonful each cinnamon, cloves and 
soda. 
Boil in cloth two and one-half hours. Serve 
with sweet sauce. 

Mrs. William Dodson. 

SUET PUDDING, NO. 2. 

1 cupful finely chopped suet, 
1 cupful brown sugar, 
1 cupful hot Vk'ater, 

1 cupful raisins, chopped, 

2 cupfuls flour, 

2 teaspoonfuls baking powder, 
1 teaspoonful each cinnamon, cloves and 
nutmeg. 
Steam from two to five hours; the longer the 
better. Serve with lemon sauce. 

Mrs. Angie Turner. 



PUDDINGS 246 

BLACK PUDDING, NO. 1. 

1 cupful sugar, 

1 cupful molasses or s\'rup, 

1 cupful sweet milk, 

lYi cupfuls flour, 

6 ej^gs, 

1 teaspoonful allspice, 

2 teaspoonfuls cinnamon, 
1^ teaspoonful cloves, 

1 teaspoonful nutmeg", 
1 teaspoonful soda. 
Steam one hour. 
SAUCE,— 

1 large cupful sugar, 
1 scant cupful butter, 
1 ^^^-i well beaten. 
Heat on back of stove. 

Mrs. Ella Dodson. 

BLACK PUDDING, NO. 2. 

1 cupful molasses, 
1 teaspoonful ginger, 
Yolks of 2 eggs, 

1 teaspoonful soda in cupful water, 

2 cupfuls flour. 

Steam one and one-half hours. 
SAUCK,— 

V2 cupful butter, 
1 cupful powdered sugar. 
Flavor with vanilla. 
Whites of 2 eggs beaten stiff and added last of 
all. Mrs. J. R. SHR[^^f. 

CABINET PUDDINC;. 

Use a plain, smooth mould with straight sides; 



247 PUDDINGS 

butter it thickly with cold butter. Stick all . 
around it on the sides and bottom small slices of 
French candied fruit, if wished; very rich; or Sul- 
tana raisins and currants for a plainer puddino". 
They may be placed in anv fancy shape. One- 
half pound is sufficient for a three-pint mould. 
Place slices of cake (spong-e cake is best) on the 
layer of fruit; then fill the mould with alternate 
layers of fruit and cake. Pour ov^er all a custard 
made oi six eg"^s, one pint of milk, four table- 
spoonfuls sugar. Steam the pudding either in. a 
kettle of water over the fire, allowing the water 
to come half v^^ay up the sides, or in a pan of 
water set in the oven. Cook about fortv-five min- 
utes. Test by running a knife down the center; 
if no liquid adheres it is done. Bread may be used 
instead of cake. Serve with jellv sauce made of 
two tablespoonfuls sugar, one teaspoonful corn 
starch, ove tablespoonful jelly, one pint water. 
Cook a few minutes. Mrs. L. P. Ward. 

RAISIN PUFFS. 

2 eggs, 

2 tablespoonfuls sugar, 
4 tables]joonfu]s butter, 

1 cupful sweet milk, 

3 tablespoonfuls baking powder, 

2 cupful s flour, 

1 cupful raisins, seeded. 

Steam one hour. To be eaten wliile hot vv^ith 
sauce. K. M.^RDKN. 

STFAMFD PUDDINC;. 

2 cuptuls graham Hour, 
2 cu])fuls seeded raisins. 



PUUDINUS 248 

1 cupful sour milk, 
1 egg, 
1 nutmeg, 
1 teaspoonful soda, 
1 teaspoonful cinnamon, 
Yz teaspoonful cloves, 
1 cupful molasses. 
Steam 3^2 hours. 
SAUCK,— 

1 cupful sugar, 
% cupful butter. 

Add a teaspoonful Hour to the sugar; beat 
until it creams; add boiling water and let boil two 
or three minutes. NanniE S. GiFB^EN. 

PUDDING, JOHN'S DELIGHT. 

2 cupfuls bread crumbs, 

V2 cupful finely chopped suet, 

Yi cupful mola.sses, 

1 cupful sweet milk. 

1 cupful raisins; 

^ teavSpoonful cloves, 

1 teaspoonful cinnamon. 

Pinch of salt, 

1 teaspoonful soda dissolved in the milk. 
Boil two hours. Serve with sauce made as 
follows: Beat one-half cupful butter and three- 
fourths cupful sugar to a cream. Just before 
serving pour into it one cupful boiling water and 
the well beaten whites of two eggs. This is suf- 
ficient for six persons. N. J. Sloan. 



BRKAD PUDDINC;, BOILE^R. 

Soak aV)<)ut a (|uart of pieces of dried bread in 
warm water until soft; add three well beaten 



249 PUDDINGS 

eg.^s, one cupful sugar, one cupful raisins. Mix 
well. Boil in a bag or pudding mould an hour or 
two. F. J. Alsip, Fresno. 

GRAHAM PUDDING. NO. 1. 

2 eggs, 

1 scant cupful milk, 

1 heaping cupful graham flour, 

1 cupful chopped raisins, 

% cupful molasses, 

I teaspoonful soda, salt, cinnamon, cloves 

and nutmeg. 
Steam three hours. 
SAUCK,— 

1 cupful sugar, 

1 beaten egg, 

}4 cupful butter stirred to a cream with 

sugar, 

Grated rind of 1 lemon, 

Juice of l4 lemon. 
Beat thoroughly with sugar and butter, and 
add five tablespoonfuls hot water, one at a time. 
Keep hot but do not let boil. 

Mrs. E). G. Chaddock. 

GRAHAM PUDDING, NO. 2. 

1 cupful creamy milk, 
1 cupful molasses, 
5^ cupful flour, 
1^4 cupfuls graham flour, 
1 cupful raisins, 
% cupful currants, 
1 teaspoonful soda, 

^4 teaspoonful each cinnamon and cloves. 
Steam two or three hours; serve with this 



PUDDINGS 250 

sauce: Mix two tablespoonfuls Hour with one- 
half cupful cold water; add one pint boiling 
water and g'rated rind of one lemon. Stir till it 
boils, then add one-half cupful or more of vSUgar, 
one tablespoonful butter, the juice of one lemon 
and a little nutmeg. BLANCHE TURNER. 

GRAHAM PUDDING, NO. 3. 

IV2 cupfuls graham flour, 
1 cupful seeded and chopped raisins, 
1 cupful milk, 
^3 cupful molasses, 

% teaspoonful each of cinnamon, cloves 
and allspice, 
1 teaspoonful soda. 
Steam three hours. 
SAUCK,— 

1 Vi cupfuls sugar, 
]4 cupful butter, 
^4 cupful water. 
2^ eggs. 

Grated rind and juice of lemon. 
Heat in a double boiler but do not boil. 

Harriet L. Nye, Oakland. 

(xRAHAM FRUIT PUDDING. 

1 J/2 cupfuls graham flour, 

1 egg, 

V2 cupful m'olasses. 

1 cu])ful sweet milk, 

V4. cuj)ful butter, 

1 teaspoonful soda stirred in molasses. 

Salt to taste, 

1 teaspoonful cinnamon, 

V2 teaspoonful cloves, nutmeg and allspice. 



251 PUDDINGS 

1 teacupful seeded raisins. 
Put in covered dish and steam three hours. 
SAUCE,— 

1 cupful sug'ar, 

2 tablespoonfuls butter, 

1 tablespoonful corn starch, 
1 pint boiling- water. 
Cook until clear and flavor with salt and nut- 
meg- to the taste. The pudding is good steamed 
over and will keep well. 

Mrs. E. L. Bruce, Kansas City. 

BATTER PUDDING. 

1 cupful milk, 

1 heaping tablespoonful butter, 

V2 cupful flour, sift twice, 

3 eggs. 

Put the milk in a double boiler. When hot, add 
the butter. Let the mixture boil, then stir in the 
flour slowly and beat hard with a spoon, until it 
leaves the sides of the pan; then remove from 
the fire and stir in g-radually the eggs, which 
have been well beaten — the volks and whites to- 
gether; add a pinch of salt. Continue to bieat the 
batter until it is no longer stringv. The batter 
may be left to stand awhile now, if it is neces- 
sary. Turn into a warmed and greased dish and 
baked in moderate oven 30 to 35 minutes. Should 
puff up like pancakes. Serve with hard sauce. 
Mrs. Charles B. Stone, 

San iTrancisco. 

CORN MEAL PUDDING. 

Scald a cjuart of milk in a double boiler; stir in 
slowlv one and one-half cu])fuls corn meal; rover 



PUDDINGS 252 

and let steam a few minutes; now beat in a table- 
spoonful olive oil (Gower's), a handful chopped 
nuts, a pint cold milk, a pinch of salt and a 
sprinkle of nutmeg". Bake three or four hours in 
a covered dish set in water. 

Mrs. Amos Harris. 

THE BANNOCK. 
(A Nantucket Recipe.) 

Scald a quart of fresh milk in a double boiler, 
and turn gradually over one cupful corn meal, 
stirvrell to avoid lumps; put over the fire again 
and boil, stirring all the time until well thickened. 
Remove and cool to blood warmth, then add five 
well beaten eggs, two tablespoonfuls sugar and 
a teaspoonful salt. Bake about three-quarters of 
an hour in a buttered pudding dish. It will rise 
in the dish and the top be a crisp brown when 
done. Fine with cream. 

A. E. Turner. 

fk; puddinc;. 

2 breakfast cupfuls of bread crumbs, 

Yi pound figs, 

% pound suet, 

1 breakfast cupful milk, 

1 teacu])ful fiour. 

2 eggs, 

^4^ pound sugar, 

Nutmeg. 

Chop the figs rather fine and put them in a 

saucepan with the milk to stew for one-quarter 

cf an hour. Put into a basin the bread, flour and 

>.iet chopi^ed fine; also the sugar and a verv little 



-iSS PUDDINGS 

nutmeg- and mix them well. Add the figs and 
milk, then the eggs well beaten and whisk all 
thoroughly with a fork. Butter a basin or mould, 
pour the pudding in; place in a saucepan contain- 
ing a little boiling water and steam for one and 
one-half hours. Serve with sweet sauce. 

Margaret Darling. 

FIG PUDDING, NO. 2. 

^ pound suet, chop])ed fine, 

^ pound bread crumbs, 

% pound sugar, 

2 pounds dried figs, chopped ver}^ fine, 

4 pcrcrc 

' '^ ^> f-. • - ' 

1 cupful milk. 
1 cupful brandy, 
Nutmeg, 

1 teaspoonful baking powder, 

2 tablespoonfuls flour. 

Steam four hours in a a mould. Serve with 
hard sauce flavored with vanilla and brandy. Kx- 
cellent. Half the recipe is sufficient for six per- 
sons. F. J. Alsip. 

DRIED FK; PUDDINCi. 

1 cupful l)read crumbs, 

% teaspoonful cloves, 

1 teaspoonful cinnamon, 

H cupful chopped figs (slightlv floured). 

% cupful sugar. 
Mix; beat three eggs; add to them one-half 
cupful milk and put with fig mixture; then add 
two tablespoonfuls melted butter, one-half cup- 
ful flour and one teaspoonful b?Jving powder. 
Steam in cups one-half hour. 



PUDDINGS 254 

HARD SAUCE, - 

^ cupful hiittor, 
% cupful milk, 

1 cupful powdered su^ar. 

Cream i)utter with hand; add suj^-ar slowly, 
then the milk very vslowlv. Flavor with nutme.ii^. 

Mrs. W. D. Wilson. 

DRIKD APRICOT ROLLY POLLY 
PUDDING. 

To one quart of flour add three teaspoon fuls 
best bakings powder, aLso a pinch of salt; sift 
flour: add a little lard and milk or water to make 
a soft dou<^h. In a porcelain pan on the stove have 
two quarts of boiling water; add two or three 
cupfuls sujj^ar, ])inch salt, butter the size of an 
G^^ and one teaspoonful orated nutmeg. Divide 
the (lough into three parts, roll out thin and 
spread fruit, much or little as you like; roll up 
and pinch together and lay in pan of boiling 
sauce. Place the pan in hot oven and bake rolls 
till done. 

DEKP PEACH PUDDING. 

2 cujifuls Hour, 

2 tablespoonfuls baking powder, 
2 tablespoonfuls lard or butter, 
1 teaspoonful salt. 
Mix flour, baking powder, salt and lard, and 
add water for a soft batter. Fill a deep pudding 
dish with cut peaches and pour the batter over 
the top. Cook for half an hour on the top of the 
stove then for half an hour in the oven. Other 
fresh fruit may be used in the same way. 

A. APPLK(iARTH. 



255 PUDDINGS 

1 cupful sorghum molasses, 
1 teaspoonfui soda, 
Butter size of an egg, 
Spices to taste, 
4 cupfuls flour. 
Bake slowly, till when pierced with a sliver it 
will come out clean. Serve with sweet sauce. 

Mrs. Laura Wildey. 

BUTTKRMILK PUDDING. 

^2 cupful sugar, 

l4 cupful butter, 

1 egg, 

1 cupful buttermilk, 

1 small teaspoonfui soda, 

Flour to make as stiff as cake batter. 
Add raisins or any kind of fruit and steam in 
greased mould two hours. Serve with sauce 
made as follows: 

1 cupful sugar, 

}4 cupful butter, 

1 tables])oonful flour mixed with a little 

water. 
Stir all together and pour one pint of boiling 
water over it and stir until it thickens, 

Mrs. Charles Nelson. 

APPLE AND BROWN BRKAD 
PUDDING. 

Take a pint of brown bread crumbs, a pint of 
cho])ped apples; mix; add two-thirds of a cupful 
of finely chopped suet; a cupful raisins, one egg, 
one tablespoonful flour, one-half teaspoonfui salt. 
Mix with one-half pint milk and boil in buttered 
mould about two hours. Serve with lemon sauce. 

Mrs. a. J. Mttchel. 



PUDDINGS 256 

DATE PUDDING. 

1 cupful chopped suet, 

1 pound dates cut in three pieces, 
-yi cupful sugar, 

2 teaspoonfuls yeast powder, 
2 cupfuls Hour, 

/^ teaspoon lul salt, 
1 cupful milk. 
The water must be boiling' when pudding is 
put in. Boil two and one-half hours. 

R. S. J. 

APPLE PUDDING. 

Fill a baking dish with sliced apples and pour 
over the top a batter made of one tablespoonful 
butter, one-half cupful sugar, one egg, one-half 
cupful sweet milk, one cupful flour, in which has 
been sifted one teaspoonful baking powder. Bake 
in moderate oven until browii. 
SAUCE,— 

1 cupful butter, 

1 cupful powdered sugar, 

% cupful milk, 

^A nutmeg. 
Beatl)utter toacream; add the sugar gradually; 
when it becomes light add the egg. Pour grad- 
ually into it one-half cupful hot milk and beat 
well. Serve at once. 

Mrs. Geo. W. Clark. 

CARROT PUDDINC;. 

1 cupful each grated carrots and i)()tatoes, 
1 cu])ful seeded raisins, 



^57 PLDDINOb. 

ONK, TYvO, THRKK FOUR PUDDING. 

1 cupful butter, 

2 cupfuLs su^air, 

3 cupfuls flour, 

1 cupful sour milk. 
Bake in pan and serve with butter sauce — 

1 cupful butter, 

2 cupfuls sug"ar. 

Beat to a cream, add two beaten eggs and thin 
with boiling water. Mrs. Ward. 

POTPOURRI. 

1 pint stale bread crumbs, 

^ cupful nuts, 

^2 cupful dried cheese, 

^ cupful milk. 
Brown the bread crumbs. Mix nuts and cheese 
after grating each together. Place a layer of the 
bread in a baking pan, then a layer of the mix- 
ture, alternating until all is used. Pour over this 
the milk. Bake at once in a moderate oven. 

QUEEN PUDDING. 

1 quart milk, 

1 pint finelv grated breadcrumbs. 

1 cupful sugar, 

Yolks of 4 eggs, beaten. 

Grated rind of one lemon, 

Butter size of an egg, 

Bake until done; not watery. Spread over 

pudding a layer of jelly, or nice jam. Beat the 

whites of the four eggs stiff; slowly beat in one 

cupful of sugar, to v^^hich has been added the juice 



PUDDINGS 258 

of out; lemon; pour this over the jam and return 
to the oven to brown slij^htly. To be eaten cold 
without sauce. Mrs. 2,. L. Ward. 

QUEEN PUDDING, NO. 2. 

Mix the volks of two ej^<i;"s with one cupful 
bread crumbs, two cupfuls milk, one tablespoon- 
ful suj^ar and a pinch of salt; add the well beaten 
whites. Now make a lemon butter. Beat three 
ej^-ui-s with one-quarter cupful butter, one cupful 
sug-ar, the rind and juice of one and one-half 
lemons. Mix together, set the saucepan in a pan 
of water to cook. Put jnidding into a pudding 
dish, cover with the lemon butter and bake until 
set. Make merangue of whites of two eggs, a 
little sugar and cover the top of pudding, brown- 
ing a little. Mrs. Kate Marden. 

LKMON PUDDING. 

Cream together two cupfuls sugar and one 
scant cupful butter; add juice and grated rind of 
two lemons; the volks of six eggs, one pint milk, 
or water, and six rolled crackers. Bake; make a 
merangue with six whites of eggs and six table- 
spoonfuls sugar, and slightlv brown. 

Mrs. "J. M. Turner. 

( )Ran(;k puddinct. 

3 large oranges, 

2 cupfuls light l)read crumbs, 

2 tablespo(mfuls butter, 

1 ^'2 small cupfuls sugar, 

6 eggs. 

Milk enoui-'h to moisten crumbs. 



25V PUDDINGS 

Soak crumbs in milk; cream butter and sugar, 
and add the well beaten yolks of vsix eggs; stir 
into the bread and milk; add grated rind of one 
and juice of three oranges, and bake in a moder- 
ate oven. Beat whites stiff, add plenty of sugar, 
the grated rind of two oranges and a little juice; 
spread over top and return to oven to brown. 
Mrs. K. G. Chaddock. 

CREAM SAGO PUDDING. 

1 quart milk, 

^2 cupful sago, 

1 cupful sugar, 

3 eggs. 

Pinch of salt. 
Soak sago in water fifteen minutes. Pour off 
water and put into one quart of boiling milk; 
cook until the grains of the sago are clear. Beat 
yolks of eggs and three tablespoonfuls milk with 
one cupful sugar. When off the stove add the 
yolks and afterwards the beaten whites, add a 
pinch of salt and vanilla flavoring. Serve hot or 
cold with cream. 

JOSEPHINK R. MiTCHEL. 

SA(;0 PUDDING. 

Cook one-third cupful of sago in one quart of 
milk in double boiler one hour, or until the sago 
is transparent. Stir in one-half teaspoonful salt 
and one tablespoon ful butter. Beat one ii^g with 
one-half cupful sugar, and stir into the sago. 
Put the whole into a pudding dish and l)ake 
about twenty minutes, or until it l)rowns. Serve 
hot with butter or cream. 

Semi 10 Ti'RNER. 



PUDDINGS 260 

TAPIOCA FRUIT PUDDING. 

Soak one cupful tapioca in one quart of water 
over night; add one cupful sugar, one cupful 
seeded raisins, one pineapple sliced ver}' thin or 
five apples pared and sliced thin. If needed, add 
a little warm water. Bake one and one-half 
hours. Beat whites of two eggs to a stiff froth; 
add two tablespoonfuls of pulverized sugar, 
spread over the pudding and brown. Serve with 
cream. Mrs. A. P. Erickson. 

TAPIOCA CRKAM. 

Soak two tablespoonfuls tapioca in one 
quart milk ov^er night; steam until clear in double 
boiler; add a pinch of vsalt, one-half cupful sugar, 
1 tablespoonful corn starch (moistened), volks of 
three eggs, one teaspoonful vanilla, and cook 
until thick. Put in pudding dish, cover top with 
the stiffly beaten whites of the eggs and a little 
sugar and set in the oven till a delicate brown. 

Mrs. Marlowr. 

TAPIOCA CUSTARD. 

Soak four tablespoonfuls pearl tapioca over 
night in two cupfuls water; add four cupfuls 
milk and cook in double boiler until the tapioca 
is clear; beat the yolks of four eggs, one cupful 
sugar, one-half teaspoonful salt, four tablespoon- 
fuls prepared cocoanut, four tablespoonfuls 
water thoroughly and stir into the milk and 
tai)i(>ca and cook a -few minutes, stirring all the 
time, then pour into a pudding dish. Beat the 
whites of the eggs, add a little sugar, spread on 
to]) ot ])U(lding; add a sprinkle of cocoanut and 



-^61 PUDDINGS 

brown delicately in the ov^en. 

Mrs. J. E. Turnkr. 

CALIFORNIA SNOW. 

Soak a teacupful pearl tapioca in just emmgh 
water to be absorbed. Cook in one quart milk. 
Shortl}'- before it is done add one-half cupful 
suj^^ar and pinch of salt. It should be white and 
creamy. Season delicately. Serve in flat sauce 
dishes and place a half pear (canned) on each 
dish and fill cavity with whipped cream. 

A. E. T. 

KISS PUDDING. 

Add three tablespoonfuls corn starch, mixed 
with three-fourths cupful cold milk to one quart 
boiling" milk; boil five minutes, then whip in one- 
half cupful su^ar and beaten yolks of four or five 
ejj^g"s, one teaspoonful butter and flavor with 
vanilla or lemon, or both. Pour into a bake pud- 
ding dish, then beat the whites of the eggs to a 
stiff froth; beat into them twothirds cupful of 
sugar and pour over the pudding. Put in the oven 
until lightly browned. If wanted very nice, saye 
a little of the frosting to moisten the top of the 
pudding and sprinkle cocoanut over the top to 
make it look like snow. 

Mrs. Z. L. Ward. 

BREAD PUDDING. 

1 quart milk, 

2 cupfuls fine bread crumbs, 

2 tablespoonfuls melted butter, 

y^ teaspoonful soda in two teaspoonfuls 



PUDDINGS 262 

boiling water, 

Four eggs, whites and 3^olks beaten sep- 
arately. 
Heat milk and bread crumbs on stove, then add 

soda and yolks, putting whites in last. 

SAUCE,— 

2 cupfuls sugar, 

^2 cupful butter beaten to a cream. 

Add two- third cupful boiling water and just 

before serving, one e^g. Mrs. Norris. 

OLD FASHIONED RICE PUDDING. 

To one quart of rich milk add two tablespoon- 
fuls well cleaned rice, two tablespoonfuls sugar, 
a grating of nutmeg and one-quarter cupful 
seeded raisins. Stand pudding dish in oven, cook 
slowly, stirring down the crust for the first two 
hours, then allow a paper like crust to form. 
Serve cold. Mrs. Turner. 

CREAM RICE PUDDING. 

Boil gently till quite soft three ounces rice, one 
quart milk. When sufficiently cooked remove 
from lire, add one-quarter pound sugar, one pint 
cold milk; flavor with vanilla and a little nutmeg. 
Pour the pudding into a large pudding dish or in 
several small ones, and place in a moderate oven 
until a light brown on top. 

FLOATING ISLAND. 

Beat the yolks of three eggs until verv light, 
sweeten and flavor to taste; stir into a quart of 
l)oiling milk. Cook until it thickens. When cool 
pour into a low glass dish, whipthe whites of the 



263 PUDDINGS 

eggs to a vStiff froth, sweeten and set over a dish 
of boiling water to cook. Take a tablespoon and 
drop the whites on top of the cream, far enough 
apart so that the "little white islands" will not 
touch each other. By dropping little specks of 
jelly on each island a pleasing effect will be pro- 
duced. 

CHOCOLATK PUDDING, NO. 1. 

Stir four tablespoonfuls grated chocolate and 
three-quarters cupful sugar into a quart boiling 
milk. When it is beaten smooth add the yolks of 
five eggs and two tablespoonfuls of corn starch 
dissolved in a little milk. Stir until it thickens 
and flavor with vanilla. Pour the mixture in a 
pudding dish and bake until well set. Beat the 
whites of five eggs very light, add five table- 
spoonfuls vSUgar and spread over the top. Bake 
to a delicate brown; also good cold. 

Mary J. HallECK, Madison, Wis. 

CHOCOLATE SOUFFLE. 

One cupful milk, brought to boiling point; mix 
two tablespoonfuls Imtter with one-half cupful 
flour. Stir this into the boiling milk; takeoff the 
stove and stir in three tablespoonfuls chocolate 
and the yolks of five eggs. Beat the whites verv 
stiff and add mixture. Grease a pan with butter 
and pour it in. Set in another ])an of hot water 
and bake in a moderate oven half an hour. Fat 
with cream or custard sauce. 

CHOCOLATE PUDDING, NO. 2. 

2 l)reakfast cupfnls milk, 



PUDDINGS 264 

% breakfast cupfuls bread crumbs, 

1 breakfast cupful sugar, 

5 eggs (yolks and whites beaten separateh), 

4 tablespoonfuls grated chocolate. 
Heat milk, sugar and bread crumbs in a sauce- 
pan and when hot add the yolks of the eggs and 
the chocolate. When scalded take from the fire 
and stir in the whites of the eggs. Put in a 
pudding dish and bake. 

A. Applegarth. 

CHOCOLATE CRKAM PUDDING. 

Put two ounces of chocolate into a double 
boiler. When melted add pint hot milk and one- 
half cupful sugar; stir until thoroughly mixed, 
then add teaspoonful vanilla. Moisten two table- 
spoonfuls corn starch, add to the milk; cook 
until smooth and thick. Now stir in the well 
beaten yolks of four eggs; turn this into the serv- 
ing dish. Beat the whites of the eggs until the\' 
are light; add four tablespoonfuls powdered 
sugar and beat until stiff and light; place over 
the pudding, dust thickly with powdered sugar 
and stand the dish on a board in the oven until 
it is a golden brown. Mrs. RorER. 

LKMON DUMPLINGS. 

1 ])int fiour, 

l^ teas])<K)nful soda, 

1 teaspoonful cream tartar. 
Sift together: mix with one cupful milk or 
water. 
SYRUP,— 

V2 cupful molasses, 

1 Yi cupfuls sugar, 



265 I'UDDINGS 

2 cupfuls water, 
2 lemons sliced thin. 
Let syrup come to boil, drop in dumplings and 
cook fifteen minutes. Mrs. C. H. Norris. 

LEMON ROLL. 

^ pound Hour, 

6 ounces lard or drippings, 

Juice 1 large lemon, 

1 teaspoonful flour. 

Sugar to taste. 
Make the above proportions of flour and lard 
into a smooth paste and roll it out to the thick- 
ness of one-half inch; squeeze the lemon juice, 
strain it into a cup and stir a teaspoonful of flour 
into it; add sugar to taste. Spread it over the 
paste, roll it up, secure the ends, tie the pudding 
in a floured cloth and boil two hours. 

^ AsKNETH E. Turner. 

RAISIN AND RICE PUDDING. 

1;^2 cupfuls best rice, 
1 cupful seeded raisins, 
Wash the rice thoroughly, put in porcelain pan 
and cover wnth cold water; add salt to taste, also 
the cupful raisins and boil slowly until well done. 
To be eaten with sugar, cream and nutmeg sauce. 
It is delicious. Pacific Fruit World. 

STRAWBERRY PUDDING. 

(or Pudding with Strawberry Sauce.) 

The pudding is made after cottage or three- 
egg sponge cake recipe. Cottage pudding is 



PUDDINGS 266 

steamed one hour. 

1 cupful sugar, 
^ cupful butter, 

1 cupful sweet milk. 

2 cupfuls flour; 

1 heaping teaspoonful baking powder, 

1 beaten egg. 

Any flavor. 
The sauce is the principal thing. Set a bowl 
into top of teakettle which boils gently. It must 
not do more. Into the bowl put one cupful sugar, 
one-third cupful butter; break over that an egg. 
The steam should never be hot enough to cook 
the egg, only soften the butter and sugar. As it 
begins to melt, take an egg beater and whip till 
froth3% then whip that into a quart of washed, 
drained and mashed strawberries, setting over 
the teakettle again that the sauce may be served 
hot. This is fine. Mrs. Frank Lyman. 

TRANvSPARENT PUDDINC;. 

8 eggs, 

'/2 pound sugar, 

14 i^ound 1)utter, 

A little nutmeg. 
Beat eggs very light and put into a stt \vi)an 
with the sugar and butter over a moderate fire. 
Stir until it thickens and set away to cool. Line 
a pudding dish with a rich paste and pour in the 
mixture when cooled. Bake in a moderate oven. 
It will cut light and clear. You may add candied 
orange and citron to the mixture, if you like. 

MOTHER EVK'S PUDDINC;. 

If vou like a good pudding, observe what vou're 
taupfht. 



267 PUDDINGS 

Take six fine, fresh e^gs, when twelve for a 

groat (8c), 
And of the same fruit that E)ve had once chosen, 
Well pared and well chopped, at leavSt half 

a dozen. 
Six ounces of bread without any crust; 
The crumbs must be grated as small as the dust; 
Twelve ounces of raisins, from stones you must 

sort. 
Lest they break out your teeth and spoil all your 

sport. 
Five ounces of sugar won't make it too sweet; 
Some salt and a nutmeg will make it complete. 
Three hours let it boil, without hurry or flutter, 
And then serve it up without sugar or butter. 
pRRSNO Chamber of Commrrcr. 

STUFFED APPLFS. 

Take large green apples, pare and core liber- 
ally; chojj finely some seeded raisins with a small 
piece of butter, fill and sprinkle a small quantity 
of sugar on top. Tie up each apple in a thin water 
paste securely in a cloth and plunge into boiling 
water and cook two hours. Serv^e at once with 
plain butter sauce or cream. 

FrRvSno Chamber of Commercp:. 

BOILFD GINGFR PUDDING. 

Shred finely one-half pound beef suet, mix with 
it two cupfuls flour, one tablevspoonful ground 
ginger; one cupful molasses, one pound raisins 
chopped small, two eggs, a little salt and as 
much warm milk as will moisten the whole. Put 
the mixture into a buttered basin, and having tied 



PUDDINGS ' 268 

a cloth over it securely, boil for four hours. 
FrEvSno Chamber of Commerce. 

RAISIN CUSTARD 

Sweeten one pint of milk with sug^ar to taste, 
grate in a half lemon rind, stir in three well 
beaten eo\<4"s. Line a buttered mould or basin with 
raisins. Spread some slices of sponge cake in 
layers, with raisins sprinkled between. Pour over 
the custard, lay on top a sheet buttered paper, 
tie a cloth securely on and boil gentlv for one 
hour. 

Fresno Chamber of Commerce 

COCOANUT PUDDING. 

Put one-half pound dessicated cocoanut or 
g-rate a large one with the brown skin pared off 
into a pudding dish. Break in pieces six small 
sponge cakes; over these pour one quart boiling 
milk with one tablespoonful butter melted in it: 
add four tablespoonful s sugar. Let it stand an 
hour covered close. Mix one pound raisins with 
four well beaten eggs and bake in a slow ov^en. 
This is delicious, either hot or cold. 

Fresno Chamber of Commerce. 

PLAIN R()LLY POLLY PUDDING. 

Take one-half ])ound shredded beef suet, mix 
with three breakfast cupfuls flour, sifted with 
one teaspoonful baking powder and a pinch of 
salt. Mix with water to a rather stiff ])aste. Roll 
out, sprinkle with one pound seeded raisins, roll 
uj), folding in ends neatly, tie up in a scalded and 
Honred cloth, plunge into boiling water and cook 



269 PUDDINGS 

steadily for two hours. Serve with plain sweet 
sauce or cream. 

pRESNo Chamber of Commerce. 

BAKKD RAISIN PUDDING. 

Put eig^ht ounces of drippings into a basin; 
warm it and work in one pound of flour mixed 
with one teaspoonful of baking powder; add one 
teaspoonful ground mixed spice, one ounce 
candied lemon peel cut up small, four ounces 
moist sugar and six ounces seeded raisins. Mix 
them well and make the whole into a paste by 
adding two eggs beaten up in one teacupful of 
milk. Turn the mixture into a well-greased tin 
or dish, put in a moderate oven and bake for an 
hour. When done, take it out, turn the pudding 
out of the tin or dish, sprinkle it over with caster 
sugar and vserve. 

Fresno Chamber of Commerce. 

MINUTE PUDDING. 

1 quart milk, 

1 pint flour, 

3 eggs, 

% teaspoonful baking powder. 
Put milk in a double boiler with a teaspoonful 
salt. When boiling stir in flour v^ith baking 
powder slow^lv; add the well beaten eggs, stir 
thoroughly and remove from fire. Put in a small 
greased mould or large bowl for a few minutes. 
When ready for the table invert on a large plate 
and remove mould. Serve with cream sauce. 

M. L. Parkhitrst. 

PRUNK PUDDING, NO. 1. 

Heat a pint of milk to polling j)oint, then stir 



PUDDINGS 270 

in o-radiutUy a little cold milk in which has been 
rubbed smooth a heapin<^ tablespoonfiil corn- 
starch; add siig^ar tosuit taste, yolks of three ej^o^s 
well beaten, one teavSpoonful butter and a little 
jj'rated nutmeg. Let this come to a boil, then 
pour it into a buttered pudding dish, first adding 
a cupful stewed prunes with stones taken out. 
Bake fifteen or twentv minutes. Center with 
meringue made from whites of eggs and sugar; 
return to oven and brown. Serve wath cream or 
the juice from stewed prunes. 

Mrs. Roy R. Gtffkn. 

PRUNE PUDDING, NO. 2. 

Stew one pound French prunes until tender in 
as little water as possible. Remove the pits and 
put the prunes through a colander. Beat the 
whites of four eggs, until very stiff, add three 
tablespoonfuls of vanilla; then beat into this the 
prunes. Put in buttered pudding pan and bake 
about ten minutes in a moderate oven to a deli- 
cate brown. Serve with whipped cream flavored 
with vanilla and sweetened. 

WEDDING CAKE PUDDING. 

1 cupful molasses, 
^ cupful butter, 
1 cupful sweet milk, 

1 teaspoonful soda, 

2 teas])oonfuls salt, 
4 cupfuls flour, 

1 cupful raisins, 

Yz cu])ful chopped almonds or walnuts. 
Steam three hours. 



271 PUDDINGS 

sAuci:,— 

1 cupful su^ar, 
^ cupful butter well beaten, 
1 egg, 

1 glass of wine, 
1 glass of boiling water. 
Steam five minutes. 

Mrs. R. C. WYvSINGEr. 

STRAWBERRY PUFF. 

1 box strawberries, 

1 cupful sugar, 

2 eggs, whites only. 

Wash and drain the strawberries. Beat the 
eggs to a stiff froth; add the sugar and the 
mashed strawberries and beat for an hour — it will 
repa\^ you. Pile on a glass dish and serve with 
cream. M. L. Parkhurst. 

CARAMFL PUDDING. 

1 quart milk, 

4 eggs, 

1 cupful sugar. 
Put milk in double boiler and add the eggs 
well beaten. Put sugar into a frying pan and stir 
constantly until melted; do not let it boil, do not 
add water. Pour when melted into the boiling 
milk and eggs gradually and carefully, stirring 
it. Then add two tablespoonfuls corn starch 
previousl}' wet and made smooth with a little 
water. Set away to cool in a mould, if you like. 
Serve with cream sauce. 

PRUNF PUDDING OR WHIP. 

One pound of prunes stewedin smallest quantitx' 



1>UDDIN0S 272 

water possible. Stone; rub through a colander. 
One scant cupful powdered sugar, whites of three 
eggs, one teaspoonful cream tartar. This may 
also be browned in the oven if one prefers. "Make 
a sauce of one and one-half pints milk, yolks 
three eggs, four tablespoonfuls sugar; flavor 
with vanilla. This pudding is very nice served 
with cream. Mrs. Norrts. 

PRUNE PUDDING, NO. 3. 

Stew prunes and pit them. Chop walnuts and 
currants, as much of both together as of prunes. 
Add juice of one-half lemon. To three cupfuls of 
mixture add the beaten white of one egg. Serve 
with whipped cream. 

Mrs. Dahlgren. 

SAGO AND FRUIT. 

^2 pound rhul)arl), 

6 ounces sugar, 

% pound sago, 

2 teacupfuls water. 
Peel and cut the rhubarb in very small pieces 
and put it to boil with a teacupful water for ten 
minutes. Wash the sago and soak it for ten min- 
utes in a teacupful warm water, then add it and 
the sugar to the rhubarb; allow it to boil ten 
minutes longer, stirring occasionally and pour it 
into a mould which has been wet with cold 
water. Turn out when cold and serve with cream. 

Margaret Darling. 

DELICATE PUDDING. 

1 cupful water, 



273 PUDDINGS 

1 cupful fruit juice, 
. Sug-ar to taste, 
A little salt, 
3tablespoonfuls corn starch. 

Boil water and fruit juice. Wet cornstarch in 
a little cold water and stir into the boiling syrup 
and cook ten minutes. Add the sugar and salt. 
Beat whites of egg's and stir into the mixture. 
Turn out into a mould. Serve with a boiled 
custard made with the yolks of eg'gs. 

Mrs. C. H. Norris. 

SNOW PUDDING. 

1 quart boiling milk, 
% cupful sugar, 

2 heaping- tablespoonfulscorn starch moist- 
ened with a little cold milk. 

Add to hot milk and cook a few minutes in 
double boiler; add whites of three eggs. Pour 
into mould. Serve cold with sauce made of yolks 
three eggs, one pint milk and sug-ar; flavor to 
taste. S. A. Tttrnkr. 

CORN STARCH CUSTARD. 

To one quart milk heated in double boiler, add 
two tablespoonfuls corn starch moistened with 
cold milk; add to that the yolks of six eggs^ 
flavor and mould. Serve with the whites of the 
eg-g-s beaten stiff, sweetened to taste, and three 
cupfuls apple sauce whipped together. 

Mrs. Yost. 

COLD CHOCOLATE PUDDING. 

Soak one ])ackage gelatine in one cupful milk 



PUDDINGS 274 

one-half hour; mix one cupful grated chocolate 
with 1 14 cupf uls milk and heat, and add the g^el- 
atine before removing- from the fire, then strain 
and let g-et cool. Then stir in the yolks of six 
eo^t^s well beaten with one cupful sug"ar and lastly 
the whites beaten stiff. Put on ice or make the 
nitrht before. Serve with whipped cream. 

Mrs. Kate Harden. 

CHOCOLATK BLANC MANGE. 

1 quart milk, using" part water if neces- 
sary. 

2 large talilespoonfuls sugar, 

4 large tablespoonfuls corn starch, 

3 tablespoonfuls ground chocolate. 
Moisten the corn starch and chocolate with 

cold water and add the milk when boiling. Stir 
constantly until it forms a custard. Flavor and 
pour in a mould. Serve with cream. 

Tabitha C. HarrIvS. 

ANNA COFFIN'S PUDDING. 

Pound or roll twenty crackers fine; pour over 
them three pints scalding milk; when the mixture 
is cool add one-half pound sugar, or one cupful, 
and one cupful butter creamed together; add a 
little salt and nutmeg and two cupf uls cooked 
seedless raisins. Lastly, add ten well beaten 
eggs. Pour into a buttered dish and bake about 
one hour and a cpiarter. Serve with a sweet 
sauce, hard or liquid. A. E. Turner. 

brp:ad pudding. 



275 PUDDINGS 

1 cupful sugar, » 

3 cupf uls milk, 

1 cupful seedless raisins, 

1 cupful bread crumbs. 

Bake and serve cold with whipped cream. 

Mrs. S. a. Yost. 

FRUIT PUDDING. 

Three-fourths box Cox's gelatine dissolved 
in one-half pint cold water. Let it stand two 
hours, then add one pint boiling water, juice two 
lemons, two cupfuls sugar, one cupful wine or 
juice of some fruit; strain; and when beginning 
to harden, stir in the following fruits cut in small 
pieces: 

2 oranges, 
2 bananas, 
6 figs, 

9 dates, 

10 English walnuts. 

Pour into moulds. Serve with whipped cream, 
flavored. Mrs. J. R. Shrum. 

SEA FOAM. 

Boil a pint of water, add two tablespoonfuls 
corn starch dissolved in a little cold water and 
cook until clear. Stir into it the beaten whites of 
four eggs; flavor, and when cold, serve with 
whipped cream, sweetened. 

Mrs. W. E. Marden. 

PINEAPPLE SPONGE. 

3>}4 cupfuls scalded milk, 
}4 cupful cold milk. 



PUDDINGS 276 

yi cupful corn starch, 

^ teavSpoonful salt, 

% cupful sugar, 

yi teaspoonful lemon juice, 

1 can grated pineapple, or 1^ cupfuls, 
Whites of 3 or 4 eggs. 

Mix sugar, corn starch and salt in bowl; mix 
smooth with cold milk. Stir this into the scalded 
milk and cook about ten minutes. Then add 
lemon juice and grated pineapple. Beat whites 
of eggs to a firm froth and fold them into 
the pudding. Pour into moulds or cups, and when 
cold turn out and serve with custard sauce. 
(With other fruit use water instead of milk and 
two teaspoonfuls of lemon juice.) 

Miss Kmma Barnet. 

KASY LKMON SPONGE. 

2 tablespoonfuls corn starch, 

1 cupful sugar, 

2 lemons, 

2 cupfuls boiling water, 

2 or 3 eggs. 
Take two tablespoonfuls corn starch and two 
cupfuls sugar; moisten with cold water, then stir 
in two teacupfuls boiling water and boil a few 
minutes in double boiler. Add the juice of two 
lemons. Beat the whites of two eggs (or three) 
to a stiff froth, then beat into mixture in pan, re- 
moving it from the fire. When well beaten pour 
into mould. Turn out next day and serve with 
cream, or thin custard made with the 3^olks of 
eggs. Margaret Darling. 

ORANGK CREAM. 

Yolks 4 eggs. 



277 PUDDINGS 

1 tablespoonful water, 
1 cupful sugar, 
Juice 3 oranges. 
Let boil till it thickens. Beat the whites to a 
stiff meringue, adding a tablespoonful of sugar, 
and add half to the cream and put the rest on 
top. Set in the oven for a few minutes and serve 
cold. This is a fine filling for pie or cake. 

K. Harden. 

RUSSIAN CREAM. 

One-half box gelatine; pour over it cold water 
and soak fifteen minutes; one quart milk; beat 
yolks four eggs and cupful sugar together, add 
a little salt. Mix with milk and put with gelatine; 
boil ten minutes, until it separates, stirring con- 
stantly. Stand twenty minutes, when add beaten 
whites. Mrs. C. H. Norris. 

DANISH PUDDING. 

^4- cupfuls pearl tapioca (soaked), 

1% pints boiling water, 

% cupful s;ugar, 

^ glassful currant jelly. 

Salt. 
Put tapioca in double boiler with boiling water 
and cook one hour or until soft and transparent, 
stirring often. Add the j^Wy, sugar and salt and 
stir until jelly is dissolved. Pour into a glass 
dish and serve ver)^ cold with sugar and cream. 
Half a cupful lemon juice or any acid fruit juice, 
or one cupful canned fruit may be used instead of 
jelly. In summer use one ])irit ripe berries. 

Mrs. C. H. Norrls. 



PUDDINGS 278 

PUDDING. 

4 eggs, 

4 tablespoonfuls sugar, 

2 tablespoonsful boiling water, 

1 lemon, juice and rind. 
To the beaten yolks add the other ingre- 
dients; let it simmer on stove until it thickens. 
Add beaten whites last. Miss Murray. 

MARSHMKLLOW CREAM. 

First dissolve one tablespoonful of gelatine into 
one cupful boiling water; when dissolved pour 
very slowly over the stiff beaten whites of four 
eggs; then one cupful sugar, one teaspoonful 
lemon extract and beat hard about thirty min- 
utes. Mrs. Waterman. 

AMBROSIA. 

Peel three juicy oranges, remove seeds and 
slice. Fill a glass dish with alternate layers of 
oranges, peaches and bananas. Sprinkle each 
layer well with sugar. Beat the whites of four 
eggs stiff; add a scant half cupful of sugar and 
pour over the top. It is well to prepare this about 
an hour before serving. 

TUTTI FRUTTI. 

Make thin sponge cake, and when cool spread 
canned peaches or fresh strawberries over. 
Sprinkle with sugar, and a half hour before serv- 
ing cover with whipped cream. 

Mary C. Polhemus, Oregon. 



279 PUDDINGS 

ORANGE BLANC MANGE. 

1 quart milk, 

3 eggs, 

/^ cupful sugar, 

3 tablespoonfuls corn starch, 

6 oranges. 
Cook in a double boiler the milk, sugar and 
corn starch, rubbing the latter into a little water 
until smooth. Peel, seed and slice the six oranges, 
put them in a deep glass dish; pour the custard 
when stiff and clear onto them. Whip the three 
whites of the eggs, add a tablespoonf ul fine sugar 
and spread over the top. Set in a cool place to 
chill. M. L. P. 

ORANGE QUARTERS. 

Peel and quarter oranges and remove the seeds. 
Make a syrup of a pound of sugar to a pint of 
water; let boil to a cand3dng point. Dip the or- 
anges in the syrup, put on a seive to dry, then 
heap on a dish. 

LEMON PUDDING. 

Dissolve four tablespoonfuls corn starch in a 
little cold water and pour over it two cupfuls 
boiling water. Let it cook five minutes; remove 
from the fire; stir into it two cupfuls sugar, a 
tablespoonf ul butter, juice two lemons with a 
little grated peel andtheyolksof two well beaten 
eggs. Pour into pudding dish; bake fifteen min- 
utes, then cover top with beaten whites mixed 
with two tablespoonfuls vsugar, and brown. 



PUDDINGS 280 

ORANGE CUPS. 

Take as man)' orang^es of medium size as are 
needed to serve for one meal. Make a small open- 
ing in the stem end and scoop out the center. 
Make an orange jelly out of the contents, not 
quite as firm as you would make it for moulding-. 
Place these orange cups in cool place, also the 
orange jelly. When ready to serve, fill the cups 
with the jelly, place a large spoonful of whipped 
cream on each. These cups can also be filled with 
cubes of pineapple, candied cherries, chopped 
Eng^lish walnuts or any fruit desired, always 
adding- the whipped cream. 

ICED RICE PUDDING. 

3^2 cupful rice, 

1 pint cold water, 

2 cupfuls milk, 

3 well beaten eg-gs, 
Yi cupful sug-ar, 

1 pint cream. 
Pour the cold water over the rice with a pinch 
of salt and cook steadilv for thirty minutes 
after it begins to boil. When all the water has 
boiled away add the milk; cook in a double boiler 
until very soft. When no milk remains rub 
through a seive, put back in the boiler; thicken 
with three well beaten eggs, Y^ cupful sug^ar, 
flavor with vanilla and set in a cool place. Whip 
a pint of cream, add to thepuddinor and freeze as 
you would ice cream. 

Lor Nasburci, Oregf)n. 

PEACH PUDDING. 

Rub two cupfuls canned ]>eaches through a col- 



281 PUDDINGS 

ander and cook for three minutes in a syrup made 
by boiling- a cupful of the peach syrup and a cup- 
ful of sugar tog-ether. Place the pan containing 
peaches and syrup into another of boiling water 
and add half package of gelatine that has been 
dissolved in half cupful cold water. Stir for five 
minutes till gelatine is thoroughly dissolved. 
Take from fire and add whites of four eggs that 
have been whipped to a stiff froth. Beat till it 
commences to harden. Set on ice. 

Mrs. Roy R. Giffen. 

TAPIOCA JKLLY. 

One cupful best tapioca put to soak with a pint 
cold water; when soft put in a saucepan with 
one cupful sugar, the rind and juice of one lemon, 
a little salt, one pint more water; stir until it 
boils; turn in a mould; set to cool; add one glass- 
ful wine if desired. May use orange instead of 
lemon. Arrow root or sago may be used in the 
same way. 

WHIPPED CREAM. 

One pint sweet cream sweetened to taste, one 
teaspoonful vanilla or other flavoring. Put the 
cream in a bowl and beat with a wheel egg beater 
until thick, then sweeten and flavor. The cream 
will beat better if cold. The whites of two or 
three eggs beaten to a stiff froth may be added. 
This makes a delicious dessert. Different jellies 
or fruit may be served wnth it. 

FRUIT JELLY. 

1]4 cupfuls sugar, 



PUDDINGS 282 

1 small can pineapple, 

3 lemons, 

% teaspoonfulOr<?eatsyrup(Borello keeps 

it.), 

3^ teaspoonful Grenadine (Borello keeps 

it.), 

1 teaspoonful pineapple syrup, 

1 tablespoonful raspberry syrup, 

1 quart water, 

yi pound candied fruit, 

Yz cupful blanched almonds, 

1 packag"e gelatine. 
Soak the uncolored gelatine half an hour then 
dissolve in boiling water, to which add juice of 
lemons and sugar. Divide this into two parts; 
add the colored gelatine to one part and into this 
put the raspberry syrup and almonds. To the 
rest of the gelatine add the other ingredients 
also juice from can of pineapple. Cut fruit into 
slices and when the gelatine begins to harden 
drop them in. Mrs. Mattel 



Pastry. 

Mrs. J. W. Slater. 



"There's wisdom under the lift of the pie lid."— Lucullus. 



It is a poor pie crust that will not grease its 
own pan, therefore plent}^ of shortening should 
be Uvsed to make the crust tender and flaky. 
Nothing- is so good as pure cream for shortening, 
but butter or lard may be substituted. A small 
pinch of baking powder adds greatly to make the 
lightness and delicacy of the crust. Milk is to be 
preferred to water — as cold as possible. Mix 
with a fork and be sure not to make it too wet 
or too dry. Handle as delicately as possible and 
(juickly. 

APPLE PIE. 

Take four or five tart apples. Slice in rather 
large pieces; one cupful sugar. Line pie tin with 
good crust, sift in a little flour and about half of 
the sugar. Mix them well together and pack the 
apples in closely, then scatter the rest of the 
sugar over them, drop in a few lumps of butter 
and one teaspoonful cinnamon ; wet the edges and 
put on the upper crust; bake in a sharp oven. 
Miss Grace Wilson, Petaluma. 



PASTRY 284 

BAR BKRRY TART. 

Make a nice rich pie crust; roll quite thin and 
cut in rounds, on the rounds pour a lar^e table- 
spoonful of the following- mixture: One coffee 
cupful stoned and chopped raisins, one piece cit- 
ron size of a dollar, the juice and grated rind of 
one lemon, one egg, one cupful sugar, pinch of 
salt; mix thoroughly. After putting mixture on 
pastry wrap it together, thus making a little 
turnover. Do not cut any vent in the dough, but 
press the edges firmly together so not a drop can 
escape. 

Mrs. a. N. Lynes, Santa Barbara. 

CHESS PIE. 
(For Two Pies.) 

5 eggs, 

^ cupful butter, 

1 cupful sugar, 

Lemon flavoring is best. 
Beat eggs and sugar together until they are a 
perfect froth; beat butter well also; now quickly 
add these and flavoring. Bake in inch deep pie 
plates ready lined with crust. When baked cover 
with white of eg^ beaten to stiff froth and 
brown slightly. Cut into pieces while hot and 
put on plates it is to be served on; if this is not 
done the pie w\\\ be heavy and soggy. 

Mrs. "J. H. B. Harris. 

CUSTARD TARTLETS. 

Line some round tartlet pans with good puff 
])aste. Eill them with a custard made as follows: 
Four tablespoonfuls sugar, and two level table- 



285 PASTRY 

Spoonfuls butter rubbed to a white cream; add 
the yolks of four eggs that have been well beaten, 
two scant tablespoonfuls of flour; mix well and 
add one and a half cupfuls milk. Stir all well to- 
gether and pour into a double boiler and cook 
until a smooth, thick cream, but do not allow to 
whey. It is best to bake the shells first. Fill the 
shells with the custard, cover with a meringue 
made of the beaten whites of eggs, four table- 
spoonfuls powdered sugar and one tablespoonful 
vanilla. Beat all together until perfectly white 
and dry. Set in the oven until the meringue is 
daintily colored. 

Mrs. Wylie M. Gifpen. 

CREAM PUFFS. 

Melt one-half cupful butter in a cupful hot 
water and while boiling beat in one cupful flour; 
take from fire and when cool stir in three eggs, 
one at a time, without beating them; drop the 
mixture in tins in small spoonfuls and bake in 
moderate oven. 
FILLING,— 

V2 cupful milk, 

2 eggs, 

4 tablespoonfuls flour, 

Sugar and flavor to taste. 
Beat the eggs and sugar. Stir in the milk and 
flav^oring and when it comes to a boil stir in the 
flour mixed with a little milk, cool and fill the 
puffs, opening them a little. 

Mrs. Ruth Hoag. 

CUSTARD PIF. 
(In a Hurry.) 

2 cupfuls milk, 



PASTRY 286 

•>i cupfuls sug-ar, 

2 eggs, 

2 tablespoonfuls flour, 

Pinch salt, 

Sprinkle each nutmeg and cinnamon. 

Braize the flour and milk; add the well beaten 

eggs, sugar and spices and strain into a 

thickly buttered pie tin. Bake in a moderate oven 

until the custard is set and slightl}' brown on top. 

Antionette p. Harris. 

CRANBERRY AND RAISIN PIE. 

1 cupful cranberries, I cupful raisins, 

chopped together, 

1 cupful sugar, 

>2 cupful water, 

1 tablespoonful flour, 

1 teaspoonful vanilla, 

Pinch of salt. 

Mrs. O. p. Kenyon. Rhode Island. 

LEMON CHEESE CAKES. 

1 pound sugar, 

% pound butter, 

6 egg"s, leave out whites of 2. 

Peel of 2 lemons, juice of 3. 
Put all in a double boiler and stir until dis- 
solved and begins to look like hone3\ It will keep 
for weeks if put in a an air-tight jar. Line small 
tins with rich pastry and fill with this mixture. 
Half the quantity of eggs will make it very good. 
Mrs. Robert E. Goode. 

CHOCOLATE CREAM PIE. 

Beat to a cream half a cupful butter and one 



287 PASTRY 

and one-quarter cupfuls powdered sugar; add 
two Well beaten eg^gs, two tablespoonfuls wine, 
half cupful milk and one and one-half cupfuls 
sifted flour, with which has been mixed one and 
one-half teaspoonfuls baking powder. Bake this 
in four well buttered deep tin plates for about fif- 
teen minutes in moderate oven. Put half pint milk 
in a double boiler on the fire; beat together the 
yolks of two eggs, three tablespoonfuls powdered 
sugar and a level tablespoonful flour; stir this 
mixture into the boiling milk, beating well; add 
one-sixth teaspoonful salt and cook fifteen min- 
utes, stirring often. When cooked flavor with 
one-half teaspoonful vanilla. Put two of the 
cakes on two large plates, spread the cream over 
them and lay the other two cakes on top. Beat 
the whites of two eggs; beat into them one cupful 
powdered sugar, one teaspoonful vanilla. Shave 
one ounce chocolate and put it in a small pan 
with two tablespoonfuls sugar and one spoonful 
boiling water. Stir over a hot fire until smooth 
and glossy; now add three tablespoonfuls cream 
or milk and stir into the beaten eggs and sugar. 
Spread on the pies and set away for a few hours. 
Mrs. Helen A. Wulfp, Colusa. 

WHIPPED CREAM PIE. 

Line a pie tin with a rich crust and bake 
quickly in a hot oven. When done spread with a 
thin layer of jelly or jam, then whip one cupful 
rich sweet cream until it is as light as possible. 
Sweeten with powdered sugar to taste and flavor 
with vanilla. Spread cream over the jelly or jam 
and set in a cool place till time to serve. 

Helen A. Wulpf, Colusa. 



PASTRY 2S8 

CHOCOLATE PIK, NO. 1. 

4 tahlespoonfuls grated chocolate. 

1 pint cold water, 
Yolks 2 e^<j^s, 

6 tablespoonfiils sugar, 

2 tahlespoonfuls corn starch. 

Stir the chocolate and corn starch together 
with a little of the water until smooth; add re- 
maining- water gradually, then add sugar and 
volks of eggs, a pinch of salt, teaspoonful vanilla. 
Cook until it thickens in a dish set in hot water. 
Bake the crust, pour in the chocolate. Make a 
mering-ue. spread on top and brown. One pie. 
"Excellent. MRvS. Hklen Ramsey. 

CHOCOLATE PIE, NO. 2. 

2 cupfuls sweet milk, 
1 cupful sugar, 

1 cupful g-rated chocolate, 
Yolks 2 eggs, 

2 heaping- tahlespoonfuls corn starch. 
Cook by heating milk in double boiler and 

])utting ingredients in; cook until it thickens. 
Bake a rich crust, spread the mixture in, whip 
the whites of egg's with two tahlespoonfuls sug-ar. 
Put on top of pie and brown. 

Carrie Elder. 

COCOANUT PIE. 

iSlix six ounces of butter with same of sugar; 
add two teaspoonful s lemon juice, beaten yolks 
four eggs, one-half pound cocoanut and lastly the 
whites of four eggs. Bake in one crust. 

MiSvS Stella Smythe, Fresno. 



289 PASTRY 

CREAM PIE. 

Scald one pint milk in a double boiler, wet 
one even tablespoonful corn starcri in a little milk; 
add the yolks of three eggs and one tablespoonful 
sugar; beat with an egg beater until very light, 
then stir into the scalding milk; flavor with lemon 
and let cool. Line a pie plate with a rich crust 
and bake. Then fill with the cream and make a 
meringue of the whites of the three eggs; beat 
with two tablespoonfuls powdered sugar; cover 
the top of the pie with this and put in oven to 
brown. Mrs. Geo. W. Clark, Ohio. 

HAJ^LEQUIN PIE. 

Prepare a nice dried apple sauce, line the pie 
tin with good crust and fill half full with the 
sauce, on top of which place the following mix- 
ture, sufficient for one pie: One teaspoonful but- 
ter, one-half cupful sugar, juice and grated rind 
of one lemon. Bake until the crust is done and 
make meringue of whites of eggs; place on top 
and brown slightly in oven. Tested and good. 
Helen A. Wulff, Colusa. 

LEMON PIE. NO. 1. 

1 cupful sugar. 
Yolks three eggs, 
Stirred to a cream. 

1 tablespoonful flour. 
Grated rind and juice 2 lemons, 
1 coffeecupful milk. 
Bake with under crust; make a meringue of 
the whites of eggs and spread on pie. 

Mrs. D. S. Hallock. 



PASTKV 2V0 

LEMON PIE, NO. 2. 

Take a deep dish, ^rate into it the outside of 
the riiid of two lemons, add to that one and one- 
half ciipfuls white sugfar, two heaping- tablespoon- 
fuls unsifted flour, or one of corn starch. Stir it 
well together and add the yolks of three well- 
beaten eggs; beat this thoroughly, then add the 
juice of the lemons, two cupfuls water and a 
piece of butter the size of a walnut. Set this on 
the fire in another dish containing boiling water 
and cook until it thickens and will dip up on the 
spoon like old honey. Remove it from the fire and 
when cooled pour it into a deep pie tin lined with 
pastry; bake, and when done have ready the 
whites beaten stiff with three small tablespoon- 
f uls of sugar. Spread this over the top and return 
to the ov^en to brown slightly. This makes a large 
deep pie and very superior. 

MRvS. Geo. Clark. 

LogUAT PIE. 

Line deep pie tin with rich crust; fill with 
loquats which have been peeled, seeded and all 
hard core removed. Pour over them a heaping 
cupful sugar which has been mixed with one 
tablespoonful flour and a very small amount but- 
ter. Put on upper crust and bake slowly about 
one-half hour. 

Mrs. Jasper N. Bergen, Lindsay. 

MOCK MINCE PIE. 

4 Boston or 6 butter crackers, rolled, 

^4 cupful butter, 



291 PASTRY 

t 

1 cupful hot water, 

1 cupful sug-ar, 

1 cupful molasses, 

}4 cupful vinegar, 

^2 pound seeded raisins, more if you like, 

1 teaspoonful cinnamon, 

1 teaspoonful nutmeg, 

1 teaspoonful cloves, 

A little salt. 
Put this in a stewpan, cook and stir until well 
mixed, then use like ordinary mince meat. These 
are delicious and more digestible than mince 
meat. HELEN L. WATERMAN. 

MINCK PIE. 

Boil until tender about four pounds of lean 
beef; remove all gristle and bone while warm. 
When cold chop fine and add chopped apples in 
the proportion of two cupfuls to one of meat, 
one cupful molasses, one and one-half cupfuls 
sugar, two dessertspoonfuls each of cloves, cin- 
namon and allspice, one-half pound suet chopped 
fine, one quart boiled cider, one pound each of 
raisins and currants, one-fourth pound citron 
chopped fine and a small piece butter. 

Mrs. J. W. Slater. 

MINCE MEAT. 

1 cupful finely chopped beef, 
^ cupful finely chopped suet, 
]4 cupful finely chopped raisins, 

2 cupfuls finely chopped apples, 
% cupful molasses, 

1 teaspoonful salt, 

1 teaspoonful cinnamon, 



PASTRY 292 

1 teaspoonful allspice, 
^ grated nutmeg, 
Yz teaspoonful cloves. 
Add wine, brandy or cider; mix and boil fifteen 
minutes. Will keep in jars. Mrs. Price. 

ENGLISH MINCE MEAT. 

1 pound brown sugar, 

1 pound raisins, 

1 pound currants, 

1 pound suet, 

1 pound chopped apples, 

y^ pound almonds, chopped, 

% pound candied lemon and citron peel, 

A little salt in suet, 

1 teaspoonful mixed spices. 

Rind and juice of 2 lemons, 

1 glassful wine or brandy, 

2 glassfuls each of port and sherry. 

Mrs. Robert Goode. 

ORANGE PIE, NO. 1. 

Take enough soda crackers to make whatever 
sized pie you wish to make; put enough warm 
water cm them to soften and then put them in 
your pan, which has been lined with a rich crust; 
pour over them three-fourths of a cupful sugar 
and then as much orange juice as it will hold. 
Cover with crust and bake. 

Pacific Fruit World. 

ORANGE PIE, NO. 2. 

Juice and grated rind of 2 oranges. 



293 PASTRY 

4 tablespoonfuls sugar, 
1 tablespoonful butter. 
Cream the butter and sugar; add the beaten 
yolks of the eggs, then oranges, and lastly the 
whites beaten to a froth and mixed in lightly. 
Bake with an under crust only. 

Pacific Fruit World. 

PKACH COBBLER. 

Make a rich, soft crust, line a deep dripping 
pan with it, then take large, ripe peaches, peel, 
cut in halves; place a layer with cavity up. Beat 
two eggs, one cupful sugar, one teaspoonful flour, 
butter size of an egg; spread this over thepeaches 
and bake until crust is done. 

Mrs. K. Nason. 

PUMPKIN PIE. 

8 eggs, 

1 quart of milk, leave the cream on it, 

1 pint cooked pumpkin, 

2 cupfuls sugar, 

2 teaspoonfuls cinnamon, 

/^ teaspoonful cloves, 

% teaspoonful ginger. 

Put the yolks of eggs, well beaten, into 
the milk and sugar and hastily add the beaten 
whites. Before turning this into the prepared 
pie crust rub the crust over with white of an 
egg. This will glaze the surface and prevent 
soaking. Bake about thirty minutes in a moderate 
oven. M. L. Parkhurst. 

RHUBARB PIE. 

Pour boiling water over two teacupfuls chopped 



PASTRY '''*>4 

rhubarb; drain off the water after four or five 
minutes and mix with rhubarb ateacupful sug^ar, 
the yolks two eg^s, a piece of butter and a table- 
spoonful flour; moisten the whole with three 
tablespoonfuls water. Bake with a lower crust 
only; make a mering-ue of the whites of the eggs 
and three tablespoonfuls sugar; spread over the 
top of the pie and return to the oven to brown. 

Mrs. E. G. Hoag. 

RAISIN PIE. NO. 1. 

Beat 1 ^gg, 

ll4 cupfuls thick sour milk. 

1 cupful sugar, 

1 cupful raisins, 

2 teaspoonfuls cinnamon, 
1 teaspoonful cloves. 

Bake in two crusts. This recipe makes two 
pies. 

RAISIN AND CRANBERRY PIE. 

1 cupful cranberries cut in halves length- 
wise and seeds washed out, 
^2 cupful seeded raisins chopped fine, 

1 tablespoonful flour mixed in 1 cupful 
sugar. 

Mix together and pour on one-half cupful boil- 
ing water, one teaspoonful vanilla. 

RAISIN PIE, NO. 2. 

2 cupfuls raisins, 

2 cupfuls butter milk, 
1 cupful sugar. 
1 ejjfy:. 



295 PASTRY 

2 tablespoonfuls vinejj;'ar, 
1 teaspoonful ground spice, 
1 teaspoonful each of nutmeg, cinnamon 
and cloves, 

3^ teaspoonful vanilla, 
V2 teaspoonful lemon, 
A pinch of salt and dash of pepper. 
Bake with two crusts. Makes three small pies 
or two large ones. Mrs. J. P. Boyd. 

RAISIN PIE, NO. 3. 

1 cupful raisins, seeded and chopped, 
1 cupful fresh sour cream, 
1 cupful sugar. 

Bake with two crusts. 

RASPBERRY PIE. 

Line a pie tin with rich crust; mix one-half 
cupful sugar with a heaping tablespoonful flour; 
put in pan equally distributed; fill with berries 
and bake slowly until done. Use but one crust 
and when cold spread with whipped cream. Any 
berries can be used in the same way. 

Mrs. J. W. Slater. 



Beverages. 



COFFEE FOR ONE HUNDRED. 

Take five pounds roasted coffee, grind and mix 
with six eg"gs. Make small muslin sacks, and 
each place a pint of coffee, leaving room for it to 
swell. Put five gallons boiling water in a large 
coffee urn or boiler having a faucet at the bottom; 
put in part of the sacks and boil two hours. Five 
or ten minutes before serving raise the lid and add 
on^or two more sacks, and if you continue serv- 
ing several times add fresh sacks at regular inter- 
vals, taking out from time to time those first put 
in and filling up with boiling water as needed. In 
this wa}^ the full strength of the coffee is secured 
and the fresh supplies impart that delicious flavor 
consequent on a few moments' boiling. To 
make coffee for twenty persons UvSe one and a 
half pints ground coffee and one gallon water. 

FIG COFFEE. 

Into two <juarts of wheat bran rub a big cook- 
ing spoonful sorghum molasses, or a syrup of 
brown sugar, and two well beaten eggs; set into 
a moderately hot oven, stirring frequently, until 
thoroughly browned, but not burned; now grind 
and brown a ])int of dried figs, mix the two 
preparations together and brew as vou would 



297 BEVERAGES 

coffee, and you have a drink that is not only 
healthful and nutritious but also delicious. 

Mrs. Amos Harris. 

PINEAPPLE LEMONADE. 

To a strong lemonade add one canful grated 
pineapple; have the glass one-third full of ice 
and pour the mixture over it just before serving. 
Do not let it stand with ice in it. 

OLD-TIME SYLLABUB. 

^ cupful powdered sugar, 
1 pint whipped cream. 
Whip dry and stiff. 

LEMONADE. 

1 lemon, 

2 tablespoonfuls sugar, 
Yi pint boiling water. 

Squeeze lemons well and add sugar; turn on 
the boiling water and stir until the sugar is dis- 
solved; when cold strain through cheese cloth 
and place in ice chest until ready to serve. Fill 
the glasses half full of ice shaved almost as fine 
as snow and fill with liquid; any fruit may be 
added. Slices or juice of oranges, or sliced pine- 
apple, a few Maraschino cherries or small fruits 
of any kind. 

EGG LEMONADE. NO. 1. 

V2 lemon, 
Sujj'ar. 



BEVERAGES 2W 



Beat the egfg- until very light; add the lemon 
juice, slowly beating all the time. Fill the glass 
with ice water and sweeten to taste. Beat or 
shake all the ingredients together until thoroughly 
mixed. Mrs. Roy R. Giffen. 

EGG LEMONADE, NO. 2. 

2 eggs, 

2 lemons, 

1 cupful snow or pounded ice, 
Sugar to taste. 
Beat the yolks light and add sugar and lemon 
juice. Turn all into the ice or snow and thin 
slightly with cold water. Whip the whites of the 
eggs to a stiff froth and beat all together as 
quickly as possible. Serve immediately. 

Mrs. Amos Harris. 

DELICIOUS SUMMER DRINK. 

Yz pint Ceylon tea, 

1 quart ice cold mineral water, 

3 tablespoonfuls pineapple cut in triangular 
pieces, 

2 tablespoonfuls Maraschino cherries. 
Few slices orange peel cut in pieces that 
will float. 

Sugar to taste. 

DANDELION WINE. 

Soak six quarts dandelion flowersin one gallon 
of water three days and nights, then strain 
through a cloth and add to the liquid three 
pounds granulated sugar, two sliced lemons and 
three tablespoonfuls yeast, orone-half com})ressed 



299 BEVERAGES 

yeast cake. After standing- four days and nights 
strain again. Return to the jar to remain until 
there is no more scum on top, then put in bottles 
or jug. 

FRUIT PUNCH. 

Cut fine two or three slices of canned pine- 
apple—add a little of the juice, juice two lemons, 
an orange cut fine and a few strawberries. To 
this add its bulk of ice pounded fine and 
sugar to taste. Other berries may be used in their 
season; also bananas, canned peaches, pears or 
cherries, using pineapple and lemon with them. 
Mrs. Roy R. Gifpen. 

GRAPK JUICE PUNCH. 

Boil together one pound sugar and one-half 
pint of water until it hairs. When cool add the 
juice of six lemons and a quart of unfermented 
grape juice. Let it stand over night. When 
vServed it may be thinned wiih plain water or 
apollinaris. 

RASPBERRY SHRUB. 

Place red raspberries in a stone jar, cover 
them with good cider vinegar, let stand over 
night. Next morning strain, and to one pint of 
juice add one pint of sugar. Boil ten minutes and 
bottle while hot, 

PRUNE DRINK. 

Prune juice, 
^'2 lemon, 



BEVtKAGES 300 

Sugar. 
Fill the glass with the juice from stewed 
prunes; add the juice of half a lemon and sweeten 
to taste. Drink very cold. 

"Mrs. Roy R. Gipfen. 

RASPBERRY VINEGAR. 

Fill a stone jar with ripe raspberries, cover 
with the purest and strongest vinegar; let stand 
for a week; pour the whole through a seive or 
strainer, crushing out all the juice of the berries. 
To each pint of this vinegar add one and a half 
pounds lump sugar and let boil long enough to 
dissolve, removing scum which may arise, then 
remove from the fire; let cool.; bottle and cork 
tightly. Two tablespoonfuls of this vinegar 
stirred into a tumblerful iced water makes a de- 
licious drink, or a little soda may be added. 

CREAM SODA, 

3 pints water, 

2y2 pounds sugar, 

2 ounces tartaric acid. 

Juice of !/2 lemon. 
Boil five minutes then add one-half cupful Hour 
mixed with water, and when nearly cold add the 
whites of three eggs and one-half ounce essence" 
wintergreen. Put in bottles and cork. Is read}' 
for use at once but grows better with age. To 
use: Put two tablevSpoonfuls in a glass of water 
and beat it up with one-quarter teaspoonful soda. 

ICED COFFEE. 

( )ne (|uart strong coffee and two cupfuls sugar 



301 BEVERAGES 

should be boiledtogether ten minutes. Allow this 
to cool, and pour into tall glasses; add to each 
cupful one tablespoonful orange syrup and the 
same amount of cream half whipped. Make the 
orang-e syrup by putting cut oranges in sugar, 
allowing it to stand several hours, then strain off 
the juice. The combination of orange and coffee 
ma}- not sound promising, but the result will cer- 
tainly call forth enthusiasm. 

CURRANT WATER. 

To one quart water add one cuj)ful sugar and 
two cupfuls tart currant jelly. Boil till dissolved 
then add the juice of three lemons and three 
oranges. Serve with chopped ice with a slice of 
orange on top. 

GINGER ALE JULEP. 

Put a scant cupful granulated sugar into a 
glass pitcher and squeeze upon it the juice of six 
lemons. When it has dissolved stick half a dozen 
stalks of mint in the pitcher, bruising slightly 
some of the lower leaves between the thumb and 
finger. Now add a cupful pounded ice and then 
put in two bottles ginger ale. Pour out at once. 

BANANA CUP. 

Can be prepared beforehand and kept on tap. 
Rub the pulp of 3 bananas through a fine wire 
sieve; add the grated rind of half a lemon and the 
juice of one lemon and one orange; pour over this 
half a pint of boiling water and put in a cool 
place for several hours. When quite cool, stir 
well together, sweeten to taste; add a wineglass- 
ful sherrv with some cracked ice and serve. 



BEVERAGES ^02 

STRAWBERRY SYRUP. 

Take several boxes fine, ripe strawberries and 
press their juice through a cloth. To each pint 
of juice add a pint of vsimple syrup and boil gently 
for an hour. Remove from the fire and when cool 
bottle, sealing the corks. Serve, mixed with 
water to taste, in glasses half filled with crushed 
ice. 

ORANGK PUNCH. 

2 oranges, juice only, 

1 cupful sherry, 

2 cupfuls sugar, 

1 itgg, white only. 
Mix juice, sugar and sherry together and heat 
to boiling point; add the well- beaten white; mix 
thoroughly and let simmer five minutes. Strain 
through muslin and when very cold pour over 
oranges and bananas cut in small pieces and 
candied cherries. Put fruit in f rappe glasses and 
pour the syrup over. 

Crumbs from Kverybody's Table. 



Jellies, Jaws and tTlarmalades. 

Mrs. Geo. Scane. 



To be perfect, jam must be made of perfectly 
ripened fruit; jellies of that which is not quite 
ripe. The fruit should be carefully picked over, 
and all imperfect, very green, and badly crushed 
specimens rejected; also all stems and blossom 
ends, as these injure the flavor and clearness of 
the jelly. Never use tin or iron for cooking- fruit 
or iron spoons for stirring". Take the juice that 
has dripped from the fruit and pour it into the 
preserving- kettle; let it boil until it evaporates 
one-third (about twenty minutes), skimming" care- 
fully. Measure the juice (after boiling-) and add 
one pint of sugar to every pint of juice. Let it 
boil until, by trying a little on a plate, it appears 
to have "set." If the juice has been properly 
boiled seven or eight minutes is suflicient. Have 
the jelly glasses ready heated and set on a cloth. 
Pour the juice into them through a wine strainer 
or a wet cheese cloth tied over the lower end of 
a large-mouthed funnel. Fill the glasses full and 
let them stand open until the next day in the sun 
if possible. Before putting away pour over the 
top just enough melted parahne to cover and ex- 
clude the air. Put on the tin tops and set in a 
cold, dark place. Do not keep in the cellar or 
where there is the slightest danger of dampness. 



JELLIES, JAMS AND MAKMALADES 304 

When the jelly is used remove parafine; it may 
he used again another year; when this is used 
there is no danger of mold. Jelly can be made of 
all kinds of fruit juices, but not without some 
gelatine or apple juice. Neither of these will 
injure the natural flavor. Jelly made with 
gelatine will not keep very long. All fruit 
juices are better if apple juice is used with it, as 
this is clearer and of a beautiful light color. It 
also jells easier. The most simple way to strain 
fruit juices is to lay a large piece of cheese cloth 
over a hair sieve, setting the latter over a large 
bowl or jar. Then pour in the fruit gradually and 
let it drip through without pressing. If you press 
the fruit until the pulp is squeezed through you 
must not expect fine jelly. Jellies are of finer 
flavor when the sugar is not boiled long with the 
fruit. Make not less than a quart of juice at a 
time. Skim the juice just before filling the glasses 
and strain into them. Por three pints of juice 
use one pint of sugar, as a small amount of juice 
is apt to burn quickly. It is best to place the 
vessel containing such within a larger vessel of 
boiling water. You can thus cook more evenly 
without running the risk of burning. 

BLACKBERRY JELLY. 

Cook fruit, strain through a cloth and let set- 
tle, then to one cupful of sugar add two cupfuls 
juice. Place on stove and let boil till it will jell. 
Do not put in more than one proportion, as it 
jells much quicker and is not as strong. 

Mrs. N. J. Sloan. 

LEMON JELLY. 

( )ne-half box of gelatine soaked in one-half ])int 



305 JELLIES, JAMS AND MAKMALADES 

cold water one hour; add one pint boiling water 
and one and one-half cupfuls sugar; extract 
lemon to taste. Let stand on stove until boiling, 
then strain into glasses, and set in a cool place. 
MrvS. C. H. Williams. 

CURRANT JKLLY. 

Pick over currants and wash clean; put them 
in a clean sack and squeeze. Measure this juice 
and put on to boil. Have an equal amount of 
sugar measured and put in the oven to heat. 
When juice comes to a boil put the heated sugar 
in and boil twenty minutes. 

Mrs. H. a. Ramsay. 

GRAPE JELLY, NO. 1. 

Take equal parts ripe and green grapes, pick 
from stems and wash; drain, mash them with a 
spoon. Put them in a preservingkettleand cover 
with water. Boil fifteen minutes; strain through 
jelly bag, allowing one pint of juice to one pound 
of sugar. Boil twenty minutes, skimming well. 
Fill the glasses while jelly is warm. 

Mrs. Jordan YoriNci. 

GREEN GRAPE JELLY. 

Grapes half ripe are much nicer for jelly than 
w^hen fully ripe. Stem and put in preserving- 
kettle with just enough water to keep from burn- 
ing. Let cook until soft and mash with a silver 
spoon until juice is well extracted, then strain, 
and to ever}^ pint of juice allow three-fourths of 
a pound of sugar. Boil twenty minutes; have the 



JELLIES. JAMS AND MARMALADES 306 

sugar hot and pour juice over hot sugar; stir 
well and fill glasses. 

Mrs. L. D. Howard. 

RIPK GRAPE JKLLY. 

Take grapes fully ripe, removing skins first, 
then heat until scalding hot; then strain and to 
two measures of juice put three of sugar; boil, 
and it will jell in about five minutes. Let stand 
in glasses three days before covering. 

Mrs. L. D. Howard. 

GRAPK JKLLY, NO. 2. 

Take grapes while they still have a tart taste, 
almost cover with water, boil untiLsof t and strain 
through jell}' bag. Boil juice down one-half; 
measure, and to every cupful juice add one cup- 
ful sugar. Boil until it jells, or twenty minutes. 
Mrs. W. L. Kennedy. 

APRICOT JELLY. 

Take fruit a little more than half ripe, pit and 
cover with water; boil until soft, then pour into 
a jelly bag and let drain without pressing the 
bag. Boil the juice down one-half or more. Por 
every cupful juice thus obtained add three- 
fourths cupful sugar and boil until it jells, which 
should be about twenty minutes. 

Mrs. W. L. Kennedy. 

PLUM JELLY. 

Take as manv plums as you have and wash; put 
them in jjreserving kettle with boiling water 



307 JELLIES, JAMS AND MARMALADES 

enough to cover; boil until plums begin to open 
and some juice is extracted. Then pour off liquid, 
strain it and add to each pint of juice one pound 
white sugar; return to kettle and boil from 
twenty minutes to one-half hour, as it may re- 
quire, and you will have a most delicious jelly. 
The plums may be used for pie or sauce. 

MRvS. C. H. WiIvLIAMS. 

APPLE JELLY. 

Take apples, wipe and slice them, use seeds, 
skins and all. Cook until soft in enough cider to 
cover them, strain through a thin cloth laid in a 
sieve, add one pound of sugar to one pint of juice 
and boil a few minutes. 

MrvS. C. H. Williams. 

CRAB APPLE JELLY, NO, 1. 

Ten pounds of apples boiled in just enough 
water to cover them until tender; mash with a 
spoon and strain out the juice. Take one pint of 
juice to one pound of sugar; boil thirty minutes 
and strain through a hair sieve. 

MRvS. Jordan Young. 

CRAB APPLE JELLY, NO. 2. 

Wash and cut out every imperfection. Set on 
the stove and cover with water; cook slowly un- 
til soft enough to strain, then take off and drain 
through a jelly bag. To every four pints of juice 
use three pints sugar; heat the sugar very warm 
in the oven. Boil the juice fourteen minutes, 
then stir in the warm sugar and boil three min- 
utes. Pour into glasses or moulds. 

Mrs. Sam Burnrtt. 



JELLIES, JAMS AND MARMALADES. 308 

QUINCK JELLY, NO. L 

Slice the quinces without paring; leave out the 
cores, as the mucilage around the seeds may in- 
jure the jelling. Put into a preserving kettle and 
just cover with water; put over the fire and boil 
until soft; remove from the stove and strain 
through a jell}^ bag. To every gallon of juice 
allow four pounds white sugar and boil fast until 
it becomes a stiif jelly. Apples improve the flavor 
and if you wish to use them take twice the 
amount of apples to the quinces. Cook the ap- 
ples and the quinces in the same water, cooking 
the apples first. Mrs. Chas. Nelson. 

QUINCE JELLY, NO. 2. 

Ten pounds of quinces sliced without paring 
or coring; cover with water andcook until tender, 
then strain and to every quart of juice add one 
quart of sugar and cook until it jellies. 

Mrs. Jordan Yoitng. 

ORANGE JELLY. 

1 box gelatine. 

1 quart boiling water, 

3 lemons, large and juicy, 

1 Vz pounds sugar, 

8 oranges. 
Soak the gelatine one hour in cold water enough 
to cover it: add the boiling water, the juice of 
the lemons and the sugar. Let it .stand over the 
fire until the sugar is dissolved. Squeeze the 
juice from the orangesand add to this. Pour into 
a mould and stand in a cool place (on ice if pos- 
sible) over night. Serve with whi]3ped cream. 



-m JELLIES, JAMS AND MAKMALADES 

Candied cherries look well around the dish. 

Mrs. Harden. 

PKACH JKLLY WITH GELATINK. 

Make a thin syrup with ten ounces g^ranulated 
sugar and one-half pint water; then take twelve 
ripe peaches, pare, halve and remove the pits, 
then blanch and bruise six kernels. Put the 
peaches and bruised kernels into the syrup and 
allow them to simmer for fifteen minutes, adding- 
for flavoring the juice of two lemons and the 
grated yellow rind. Strain the juice through a 
jelly bag; add two ounces of gelatine dissolved 
in enough warm water to cover. Pour into a 
mould. If required for immediate use set on ice 
until stiff enough to turn out. If it is to be kept, 
pour into jelly glasses and seal. 

Mrs. James Turner. 

BLACKBERRY JAM. 

Mash the fruit; measure, and for every cupful 
fruit allow three-fourths of a cupful sugar. Boil 
the fruit fifteen minutes; add the sugar and boil 
fifteen minutes more, then pour into cups, and 
when cool seal. 

Mrs. W. L. Kennedy. 

CRANBERRY JAM. 

Take one cupful nice, large raisins, seed and 
put in a saucepan containing a quart of cold 
water. Let this boil slowly until the whole mix- 
ture is reduced to a pint, then add four cupfuls 
cranberries and two and one-half cupfuls sugar. 
Let this mixture boil until it becomes the consis- 
tency of jam. Pour in tumblers and seal. 

Mrs. K. Harden. 



JELLIES. JAMS AND MARMALADES 310 

RASPBERRY JAM. 

Take red raspberries, crush them, and for 
every cupful of berries take three-fourths of a 
cupful of sugar, but do not add the sugar yet. 
Boil the berries (boil, not simmer) twenty min- 
utes; add the sugar and boil five minutes more, 
then put in jelly cups and v^hen cool seal. 

Mrs. W. L. Kennedy. 

STRAWBERRY JAM. 

Select four pounds of large, ripe strawberries, 
remove the hulls, place the berries in a colander, 
rinse off with cold water, drain well and place 
them in a kettle over the fire; boil thirty minutes, 
then add four pounds of sugar; boil five minutes. 
Fill them into small jars, close and set in a cool 
place. MRvS. Charles Nelson. 

COLD JAM. 

Mash currants, or any kind of berries, and put 
into small jars with its w^eight in sugar alter- 
nately, berries and sugar, until full and shaken 
down. Close the jar and put away from the light. 
It will keep almost any length of time and be 
delicious. Currants and raspberries make a nice 
combination. 

Mrs. M. L. ParkhuRvST. 

PINEAPPLE JAM. 

Peel, grate and weigh the jjineapples, put 
pound to pound of the pineapple and sugar. Boil 
in a preserving kettle thirty or forty minutes. 

Emma Wallace. 



3ll JELLIES, JAMS AND MARMALADES 

ORANGK MARMALADE, NO. 1. 

Cut the oranges into fine vshreds. To every 
pound of shredded fruit allow two and one-half 
pints of water. Let this stand until the next day 
and then boil till the fruit is tender (about two 
hours). Let it stand again until the next da}^ then 
weigh and to every pound of boiled fruit allow 
three fourths of a pound of sugar. Boil all to- 
gether until the fruit is transparent (about one- 
half hour). A few lemons greatly improve it. 
Twelve oranges and three lemons make a nice 
quantity. MRvS. Thomas Nock. 

ORANGE MARMALADE, NO. 2. 

3^ pounds oranges, 

6 lemons, 

9 pounds sugar, 

7 pints boiling water. 

Pare oranges thinly with knife, then cut the 
skin into pieces with scissors. Put all the white 
pith and seeds in a pan with water to boil; place 
the cut up oranges and skin in a jar with the 
juice of vsix lemons; pour seven pints of boiling 
water over it (including the straining from pith 
and seeds as part). Cover the jar and leave for 
t went V- four hours, then add nine pounds of 
sugar and boil twenty minutes, when it ought to 
be ready. Let it be almost cold before putting 
into glasses. Mrs. Norrks. 

ORANGE MARMALADE, NO. 3. 

One dozen fine oranges cut into thin slices. 
Pour over these six quarts water and stand 
twentv-four hours. Put to boil in same water 



JELLIES. JAMS AND MARMALADES 312 

and boil three hours; add seven pounds white 
sug-ar and boil till clear. Carefully keep out all 
seeds and core. Navels are delicious. 

PINEAPPLE-APRICOT MARMALADE. 

3% pounds apricots, 
2j4 pounds sugar, 
12 kernels apricots, chopped fine, 
1 can pineapple, chopped fine. 
Cook three-quarters of an hour after it com- 
mences to boil. Mrs. Roy Giffen. 

PIG MARMALADE. 

Peel black figs and to each pound figs take 
three-quarters of a pound of sugar. Take the 
juice that is left over from canned peaches and 
let it come to a boil, then add sugar; mix well 
and put in figvS. Boil slowly for two hours. 

Mrs. Gko. Scane. 

PLUM BUTTER. 

Cook plums well, mash through a colander, 
remove the seeds before cooking, and to one quart 
of pulp put in as much sugar and let boil till thick. 
May use flavoring if you like, but better without. 

Mrs. Sloan. 

APRICOT BUTTER. 

Select nice ripe fruit, mash and boil until thick, 
stirring to prevent burning; then add one part 
sugar to two parts fruit, then boil until the juice 
will not separate when dropped on a plate, stir- 
ring constantly to prevent burning. 

Mrs. W. L. Kennedy. 



Truit Canning. 

Mrs. Fred Nelson. 



None but perfectly sound and fresh fruit should 
be used for canning; fruit can be canned with or 
without sugar. It should not be cooked too long, 
as that will destroy its natural flavor, and while 
boiling hot should be sealed in air tight glass jars 
or tin cans, filled to overflowing to exclude every 
particle of air, then quickly seal. When using 
glass jars they should be thoroughly heated be- 
fore filling. After filling and closing stand the 
jars in a warm place, where the air will not 
strike them over night. In the morning you will 
be able to give the tops another turn; then wipe 
the jars carefully and put them away in a cool, 
dark place; a good plan is to wrap them in paper. 

STEAMING PROCESS. 

Pack the jars or cans full of fruit; pour over 
them a s.yrup of the strength you prefer— a cup- 
ful sugar to a quart of water will make a strong 
syrup. Screw the covers on lightly, or so you 
can lift the jar by its top. Have a board made to 
fit the bottom of the boiler and raised by cleats 
from the bottom an inch or so. Set the jars on 
this board, fill the boiler with warm water until 
it reaches a little more than half height of jar; 



FRUIT CANNING 314 

cover the boiler ti<yht and steam until fruit is 
cooked sufficiently. Ten minutes is sufficient for 
berries, countinjj^ from the time the water beg^ins 
to boil; about tvvent}^ minutes for Orangfe |Clings 
and other firm fruits. A little practice will in- 
sure success and the table g-iven here will be 
helpful. When the fruit is cooked sufficiently take 
the jars out, remove cover and fill with a boiling 
svrup (keep it on the back of the stove so it will 
be ready). Repla;ce cover quickly and screw on 
top as tight as possible. Set jars in a warm 
place; avoid drafts. If possible, let them remain 
several hours until thoroug^hly cool without mov- 
\v\^. When using the Mason jar it is well to turn 
it upside down until cool, anv defect can then be 
easilv be detected — always use new rubbers. This 
steaming process has so many advantages over 
the old process that all who give it a thorough 
test are sure to prefer it. There is no more dan- 
g-er of breaking jars than by the old method. 
When taking jars out of the boiling water if set 
into a pan of boiling water or on the stove all 
will be well. Do not set them by an open window 
or in a cool place. The only secret about it is to 
keep the temperature the same, remembering- to 
cool very slowly. 

CANNING. 

A good general rule in canning fruit is to use 
one pound of sugar to four pounds of fruit, and 
barely enough water to keep from burning when 
first put over. To be more exact, the following 
proportions are given with time for boiling: 

Quantity Suijar. 
Minutes. Ozs. per Ot. 

Apples, sour, (juartered 10 3 

Bartlet Pears, halved 20 f) 



315 f-RUIT CANNING 

Ouantity Suf,^ar, 
Minutes. Ozs. per Qt. 

Blackberries 6 6 

Cherries 5 6 

Currants, ripe 8 8 

Gooseberries 8 8 

Grapes, ripe 10 5 

Peaches, halved 10 4 

Peaches, whole 15 6 

Pears, small, sour, whole 30 10 

Pie Plant, sliced 10 10 

Pineapples, sliced 15 6 

Plums 10 8 

Quinces, sliced 15 10 

Raspberries 6 4 

Strawberries 10 8 

Siberian Crabapples 25 8 

Tomatoes, sliced 20 — 

Whortleberries 5 4 

CANNED STRAWBERRIES. 

All berries are canned after much the same 
fashion. Either use one or the other of the two 
rules ^iven at the beg^innino^ of this department, 
or proceed as follows: Put the berries in a por- 
celain kettle; heat slowly. As they commence 
boiling add sugar according- to the foreg'oing' 
table; if strawberries, boil eig^ht or ten minutes 
before putting in sug-ar; dip out any extra juice. 
Can hot and seal at once. 

CANNED RASPBERRIES. 

Look the berries over carefully and put them 
into a porcelain kettle. Put enoug-h water so you 
can see it through the berries. Sweeten as you 
would for a stew, and can and seal boiling hot. 



FRUIT CANNING 316 

Gooseberries, plums, cherries and all small fruit 
are to be canned this way, care beintr taken that 
the cans are hot and fruit boiling. 

CANNP^D PIK PLANT. 

Cut m inch pieces and stew with its own 

weig-ht of su<j^ar slowly until tender; add only 

water enough to dissolve su^ar. Seal up. Can 
without sug^ar if more convenient. 

CANNED PUMPKIN. 

Steam the pumpkin; first slicino^ and removing 
seeds; leave in the shell. When done, scrape from 
the shell; mash; fill into cans hot, being careful 
that no air bubbles remain in filling the can; seal 
up. 

CANNED QUINCES. 

Cut the quinces into thin slices like ap])les for 
pies. To one quart jarful quince take a cofFee- 
saucer and a half of sugar and a coffeecupful 
water. Put the sugar and water on the fire and, 
when boiling, put in the quinces. Have ready 
the iars with their fastenings. Stand the jars in 
a pan of boiling water on the stove, and when 
the quince is clear and tender put rapidly into 
jars, fruit and syrup together. The jars must be 
filled so that the syrup overflows and fastened 
up tight as quickly as possible. 

CANNED APPLES. 

Apples can be canned by stewing them well 
done, with or without sugar, and sealing them 
up while hot. 



317 FRUIT CANNING 

ISABKLLK GRAPKvS. 

Take fully ripe and sound o"rapes, pick from 
the stems and pulp them bv pressing slightly 
with the thumb and finger upon each one. Put 
the skins in a separate dish; then beat the pulp 
and press through a coarse cloth or sieve to re- 
move the seeds; then put the juice and skins to- 
gether in your kettle and when thev come to a 
boil they are ready for the cans; secure well from 
the air. It matters not whether glass, cans or 
jars are used, if properly corked and sealed with 
wax. 

BOILED APPLES. 

Prepare apples as you would to bake, remov- 
ing the cores; put them in a kettle and fill the 
center with sugar, nearly cover with water and 
allow to boil till tender. Remove them to an 
earthen bowl; boil down the svrup and pour it 
over the apples. 

CANNED TOMATOES. 

Scald with boiling water, peel and cut into 
small pieces. Cook until done; seal up while hot. 
Are kept much better in tin cans than in jars. 

CANNED PLUMS. 

To ever}" pound of fruit allow three-quarters 
of a pound of sugar, for the thin syrup, a quarter 
of a pound of sugar to a pint of water. Select 
fine fruit and prick with a needle to prevent 
bursting. Simmer gently in asyrup made of the 
above proportion of sugar and water. Let them 



f-RUIT CANNING 318 

boil not longer than five minutes. Put the plums 
in ajar, pour in the hot syrup and seal. Green 
g"a^es are also delicious done in this manner. 

CANNED PINKAPPIvK. 

Pare the fruit, takinjj- out all the eyes and 
discolored parts; cut in slices; take out the core; 
weig-h the fruit and put in a pan with one-fourth 
as many pounds of sugar as of fruit; let it stand 
over nitrht. In the morning pour the juice into a 
preserving kettle; set over the fire and let come 
to a boil; put in the pineapples and let cook a few 
minutes; v^eal uj) in tin cans. 

Mrs. Chas. Nelson. 

PRESERVED PLUMS. 

Take fruit and sugar jjound for pound; scald 
the plums to remove the skins; or if left unpeeled 
])rick each one in several places that the juice 
may exude; let it stand; drain and put the plums 
in the kettle with alternate layers of sugar. Pour 
the juice over this and let them boil five minutes, 
then remove the plums with a skimmer and boil 
the syrup until it thickens. Return the plums and 
boil ten minutes longer. Put in jars and tie up 
closely when cold. Mrs. Fr?:d Nelson. 

PRESERVED PEARS. 

Pare, core and quarter the fruit, and to each 
pound of pears take one-half pound sugar. Save 
the perfect cores and skins and boil them in suf- 
ficient w'ater to cover. Strain this and put the 
sugar in; let boil and add the prepared fruit; stew 
gently until the syrup becomes colored finely; 



319 KRUIT CANNING 

can and seal immediately. Any syrup remaining 
over may be bottled for pudding sauce. 

PEACH PRESERVES. 

Six pounds of best freestone peaches and three 
pounds vsugar; pare and quarter the fruit; strew 
the sugar amongst it; cover and set away over 
night. Put into a preserving kettle in the morn- 
ing and boil very slowly an hour or more. Seal 
hot. Mrs. Amos Harris. 

PRESERVED CURRANTS. 

10 pounds currants, 

7 pounds sugar. 
Take stems from seven pounds currants, press 
juice from the other three pounds. When sugar 
is made into hot syrup put in currants and boil 
until thick and rich. 

TO PRESERVE ORANGES. 

Eirst weigh the fruit; then grate them slightlv; 
score them around and around, not too deep. 
Soak in cold water three days, changing the 
water at least three times a day; then boil the or- 
anges until they are done; try by piercing with 
the head of a pin — when done the head of the pin 
penetrates easily. Make a syrup of a little more 
than a pound of sugar to a pound of fruit (make 
the syrup very thick), then drop the oranges in. 
Let them cook until done. 

PRESERVED STRAWBERRIES. 

To one ])Ound of berries use three-fourths of a 



KKUIT CANNING 320 

pound of suj^ar in layers (no water). Place in a 
kettle on the back of the stove until the sug"ar is 
dissolved into syrup; then let come to aboil, stir- 
ring from the bottom. Spread on platters and set 
out in the sun until the S3'rup thickens. Put in 
tumblers like jelly. 

RIPK TOMATO PRKSKRVES. 

Sev^en pounds round, yellow tomatoes, peeled; 
seven pounds sug-ar, juice three lemons. Let 
stand over night together; drain off syrup and 
boil, skimming well, then put io the tomatoes and 
boil gently twenty minutes. Take out fruit with 
a skimmer and spread on dishes. Boil syrup down 
until it thickens, adding just before you take it 
off the fire the juice of the lemons. Put the fruit 
into jars and fill up with hot vsyrup. When cold 
seal up. Emma Wallace. 

WATKRMKLON PRESERVES. 

Pare the watermelon rinds and cut an inch and 
one-half thick, then into strips the same thick- 
ness, leaving them the full length of the melon. 
To each pound of melon put one pound of sugar 
and one pint of water, make a syrup and simmer 
gently for twenty minutes, then put in the melon 
and cook until tender; before taking off the fire 
put in two lemons sliced thin and two ounces of 
root ginger. Do not let them boil long after the 
lemon and ginger are put in; do not stir them 
while boiling. A nice improvement is to add one 
pound of raisins just before the fruit is taken from 
the stove. 



321 KkUIT CANNING 

APPLP; PRKSKRVES. 

Take three-fourths pound sugar to each pound 
apples. Make a syrup of the sugar and a little 
lemon juice or sliced lemon peel; cut your 
apples in c^uarters and put a few at a time into 
the syrup and boil until they are transparent; 
skim out and put in ajar; when all are done boil 
the syrup down thick, pour it boiling hot over 
the apples and cover closely. 

CRAB APPLK PRKSERVKS. 

Core the crab apples with a sharp penknife 
through the blossom end, leaving the stem on. 
Take one pound of white sugar for each pound of 
fruit, and one cupful water to the pound; put over 
a moderate fire; let dissolve and boil. Skin and 
drop the apples in; skim out; boil. the syrup until 
thick and pour over the fruit. 

QUINCE PRESE)RVES. 

Pare, core and quarter your fruit; then weigh 
it and allow an equal quantity of white sugar; 
take the paring and cores and put in a preserving 
kettle; cover them with water and boil for half 
an hour, then strain and put the juice back into 
the kettle and boil the quinces in it a little at a 
time until they are tender. Lift out as they are 
done and lay on a dish. If the liquid seems scarce 
add more water. When all are cooked put into 
this liquor the sugar and allow it to boil ten min- 
utes before putting in the quinces; let them boil 
until they change color, say one hour or more, on 
a vslow fire. While they are boiling occasionally 
slip a silver spoon under them to see that they do 



FRUIT CANNING 322 

notburn, but on no account stir them. Have two 
fresh lemons cut in thin slices, and when the fruit 
is being- put in jars lay a slice or two on each. 
Quinces may be stewed until tender. 

FIG PRESERVES. 

Remove the skin from the figs at night and 
sprinkle sugar over the top, allowing two pounds 
of sugar to five of fruit. In the morning put over 
a slow fire and cook until thick. Cut up a lemon 
and while cooking- add to the flavor. 

GRAPE PRESERVES. 

Make a syrup of sugar and water, allowing one 
pound of sugar to one of fruit, using just enough 
water to melt the sugar. When boiling have 
your grapes picked from the stem and washed 
clean; put into the boiling syrup and boil until 
thick and of a redish color. Seedless Sultana 
grapes are the best. 

FIG MARMALADE. 

5 {)ounds figs, 

7 pounds sugar, 

6 lemons, pulp and juice, 

4 oranges, pulp and juice. 
Chop the figs; grate the yellow part of the 
lemons, being careful not to use the inside white 
skin. Put a nice assortment of spices in a bag 
and put all on to boil about one hour. 

Mrs. C. S. W. 

GRAPE BUTTER. 
Use the Isabelle grape-. Fill a large kettle with 



3k 3 PRUIT CANNING 

the grapes after washing thoroughly; add a tea- 
cupful water, and when heated, rub through a 
colander to remove stems and skins; then through 
a sieve to remove seeds. Measure your grapes 
and add one-half the amount of sugar and cook 
it down to the consistency desired — some like it 
thicker than others. If you like it spiced add a 
teaspoonful each of ground cloves, allspice and 
nutmeg when boiling. 

QUINCE HONKY. 

5 pounds soft "A" sugar, 
1 quart water, 
5 grated quinces. 
Boil all together until as thick as honey. 
Mrs. C. W. Patterson, Oregon. 

GIM GAMS. 

1 quart raspberry juice, 
1 quart currant juice, 
S pounds sugar, 

1 pound raisins, 

2 oranges, peel and juice. 
Cook until it is a jelly. 

PIE PLANT SAUCE. 

1 cupful chopped nuts, (walnuts and 

almonds), 

1 lemon sliced thin, 

3 pounds pie plant. 

Slice the pie plant; boil all together slowh'; 
sweeten to taste. 



FRUIT CANNING 324 

CANDIED ORANGE PEEL. 

Put the orange peel into cold water and let it 
come to a boil, then turn off the water. Repeat 
this until 3^ou cannot taste any bitter about the 
peel. Make a thick s\^rup of sugar; put in the 
peel and boil slowly until clear, then can as you 
would fruit. Mrs. Wylie M. Giffen. 

PEAR CHIPS. 

6 pounds pears, 

6 pounds sugar, 

2 ounces ginger root, 

6 lemons (rind of two), 

1 cupful water. 
Peel the pears and cut into very thin slices; 
pound the ginger fine and cut the lemons into 
small bits; grate the rind of two of them; boil 
until the pears are clear; take them out and boil 
syrup until it thickens; put pears back, heat all 
thoroughly and can: 

GREEN TOMATO PICKLES. 

One peck green tomatoes sliced, six large onions 
sliced; sprinkle through them one teacupful salt 
and let stand over night. Drain off in the morn- 
ing. Mix two quarts of water and one of vinegar, 
then boil the tomatoes andonions in this five min- 
utes. Drain again; now take four quarts vinegar, 
two pounds brown sugar, one-half pound ground 
mustard, two tablespoonfuls ground cloves, two 
tablespoonfuls vinegar, two tablespoonfuls cin- 
namon, one-half teaspoonful cayenne pepper, or 
six green peppers chopped fine. Boil fifteen min- 
utes and tie up in jars. 

Mrs. Gkorgk Clark. 



325 KRUIT CANNING 

RIPE CUCUMBKR PICKLES. 

Pare and seed ripe cucumbervs; slice each one 
into four pieces lengthwise. Let them stand in 
strong salt water 24 hours, then wash in clear 
water, then take two pounds of sugar and one 
ounce of cassia buds to one quart of vinegar and 
a tablespoonful each of allspice, cloves and cinna- 
mon, tied in a bag; boil all together until the cu- 
cumbers are tender, not soft; seal up in jars; can 
be made without the cassia buds just as good. 

PICKLKD PEACHES. 

Eor six pounds of fruit use three pounds of 
sugar, one pint of vinegar and spices to taste. 
Have the syrup hot; put in the peaches and cook 
until tender; seal up while hot. All kinds of sweet 
pickles of different fruits can be made in the same 
way. Mrs. Charles Nelson. 

PICKLED CARROTS. 

After they are cut in cubes and boiled until 
tender and soft put them into a jar and cover 
with hot vinegar, to which has been added a 
shredded onion, a few peppers, some celery seed 
and a couple of ba}^ leaves. This pickle is nice to 
vServe with cold meats, or it can be used with 
beats to garnish potato salad. 

Mrs. a. E. Wagstaff. 

OIL PICKLES. 

Select small cucumbers, wash and drv them 
so that the black spots rub off. Then sprinkle 
with plenty of salt and set the dish so the water 



f-RUIT CANNING 326 

will drain; let stand all ni^ht. Take small onions, 
one- fourth as many as cucumbers, and put these 
in another dish and then drain all night, after 
being' sprinkled with ])lenty of salt. In the morn- 
ing mix all together with mustard seed, celery 
seed, best vinegar and olive oil (Gower's). Use 
about three tablespoonfuls oil to a two-quart jar. 
Mrs. F. N. Noble, Pacific Grove. 

TOMATO PICKLE. 

1 (Hince cloves, 

1 ounce jjepper, 

1 ounce turmeric, 

1 ounce celerv seed, 

Yi pint white mustard seed, 

1 gill salt, 

1 pound sugar, 

1 gallon vinegar, 

1 gallon green tomatoes, 

2 gallons cabbage, cut fine, 
1 dozen onions. 

Boil all together until tender; seal in jars. 

Mrs. Aten. 

TOMATO SWKET PICKLES. 

Slice one gallon of green tomatoes, pour over 
them sufficient water to cover them; sprinkle salt 
over them one-fourth of an inch thick (scant the 
salt); let them stand 24 hours, then drain from 
the brine; put them in a large kettle or pan; add 
a quart of sugar and vinegar enough to cover 
them; also a good handful allspice, cloves and cin- 
namon, unground. Let them boil up, take off the 
stove and seal in glass jars while hot. 

Mrs. Atkn. 



327 PRUn CANNING 

PINKAPPLK PICKLES. 

7 pounds pineapple, 

3^ pounds sug^ar, 

1/^ pints cider vineg"ar, 

1 ounce cloves, 

1 ounce cinnamon. 
Tie spices up in a bag; place fruit in a deep 
bowl; boil the sugar, vinegar and spices three 
minutes; pour over the fruit and let stand one 
day. Pour liquor off; boil again three minutes 
and return to fruit as before. The third da}^ boil 
all together half an hour over a slow fire and put 
into bottles while hot. MRS. S. W. 

PLUM CHUTNEY. 

10 pounds of plums, 
5 pounds sugar, 
5 large onions, 
1 tablespoonful allspice, 
1 tablespoonful cinnamon, 
1 tablespoonful cloves. 
Crack seeds of all the plums and chop; add to 
above and cook well. 

Nrttie M. Wilber. 

SPICED CURRANTS. 

3 pounds white sugar, 
5 pounds ripe currants, 
1 teaspoonful each of cinnamon, nutmeg, 
cloves and allspice. 
Boil currants one hour, then add sugar, spices 
and one pint of vinegar; boil one-half hour longer. 
FTvOrknck O. C. DI'FF. 



FRUIT CANNING 328 

SPICED BLACKBKRRIES. 

To six pints of berries take two and one-half 
pints sug^ar, one-half ounce each of cinnamon, 
cloves and allspice, ground. Boil sugar, vinegar 
and spices together (tie spices up in a clean cloth) ; 
put in the berries and let scald, not boil. 

Mrs. a. p. Smith, Clovis. 

WHOLE TOMATOES FOR WINTER. 

Fill a large stone jar with ripe and perfectly 
sound whole tomatoes, adding a few cloves and 
a sprinkling of sugar between each layer; cover 
well with one-half cold vinegar and one-half 
water. Place a piece of thick flannel over the jar, 
letting it fall well down into the vinegar; then 
tie down with a cover of brown paper. These 
will keep all winter and are not harmed, even if 
the flannel collects mould. 

TOMATO CATSUP. 

Take a large dishpan of ripe tomatoes; wash 
them; slice and cook them; let cool; rub through 
a sieve; then place over the fire. Add a teacupful 
salt; let them cook down; then mix one pint vine- 
gar, one-half teacupful mustard, teaspoonful 
cinnamon, scant tablespoonful cloves, teaspoon- 
ful allspice, teaspoonful cayenne pepper. Boil a 
few minutes, seal while hot. 

Mrs. Aten. 

PICCALILLI. 

8 quarts green tomatoes, 
6 large onions. 



32M PRUir CANNING 

1 teacupful vsalt, 

12 green peppers, 

1 pint vinegar, 

1 cupful sugar, 

1 tablespoonful each cloves, cinnamon and 

white mustard seed. 
Cut the tomatoes and onions in thin slices; add 
salt; pack into la3^ers and let it stand over night. 
In the morning pour off the liquid; add twelve 
green peppers and chop fine. Put all in an agate 
kettle with the other ingredients and cook 
slowly two hours; keep closely covered; seal in 
jars. Mrs. Sancroft Chambers. 

CUCUMBERS IN OIL. 

Wash and slice in thick slices, without paring, 
fifty large cucumbers. Cover with weak brine 
and let stand twenty-four hours; drain and mix 
with the cucumbers two tablespoonfuls whole 
mustard, one tablespoonful celery seed and one 
cupful salad oil. Add enough cold vinegar to 
cover. Mrs. H. A. Mitchell, Palo Alto. 

GINGKRED PEACHES. 

Soak one ounce of ginger over night in a pint 
of water; peel eight pounds of peaches and cut in 
quarters or smaller; place a laver of peaches on a 
platter; sprinkle thickly with granulated sugar, 
and continue in this manner until all are used. 
Let stand over night. In the morning turn into 
a porcelain lined kettle. Add the water in which 
the ginger has been soaked and simmer four 
hours, or until rich and thick. 

.Mrs. Ross. 



t^RUrr CANNING ' 330 

COOKING DRIKD FRUIT. 

Put the fruit to soak over night. In the morn- 
ing pour off the water; cover again with cold 
water and place on the stove. After it comes to 
aboil pour off the water two or three times; cook 
very slowly, three or four hours. And the fruit 
will taste just like canned fruit. Pouring off the 
water so many times destroys the strong flavor 
of dried fruit and does not make it tasteless, as 
one might think. 

Helen L. Waterman. 

HOW TO PEAL DRIKD PEACHES. 

Take amount you wish to cook, on put stove 
with plenty cold water to cover; let get very hot, 
peal will slip off; put peaches in another dish, add 
sugar and cook slowly until done. 



Trozen Dainties. 

Mrs. a. Mattel 



As much of the success of frozen dainties de- 
pends on properly packing the freezer, directions 
should be carefully followed. Have the freezer, 
can and dasher clean and sweet. See that can 
and dasher are properly adjusted in the pail, 
then put in the mixture to be frozen; cover and 
put on cross bar or top plate and turn the crank 
to see that everything- is in its right place and 
works properly. Crush the ice by putting it in a 
sack made of canvas and with a wooden maul 
pound it — the finer it is broken the more closely 
it will pack around the can, and the more rap- 
idlv it freezes; then fill the pail of freezer with 
alternate layers of ice and salt, which should be 
coarse, using three measures of ice to one of 
salt. More salt will freeze the cream sooner, but 
it will not be as smooth. Pack ice and salt 
solidly by using the handle of maul to force the 
ice down. Remember that if the ice is packed 
solid at first no more ice and salt will be needed. 
Do not draw off the water in pail but keep the 
hole near the top of the pail open to allow it to 
run off when necessary and prevent the salt 
water from getting into the cream. Be sure that 
ice and salt cover can if the can is three- fourths 
full; if less than that it is higher in pail than 



l-ROZeN DAINIIES 332 

mixture is in can. As freezing increases the bulk 
of mixture, never fill can more than three-fourths 
full, and if white of egtrs are used, only two- 
thirds. Now. in freezing-, first turn the crank 
slowly and steadily till the mixture is frozen to 
a mush; then more rapidly, and if necessar}^ add 
more salt and ice. If properly packed, it will 
take from twenty to thirty minutes to freeze. 
Water ices require a longer time than ice creams. 
When frozen, remove the crank, wipe the lid of 
can carefully, so when it is removed no salt will 
get into the cream, take out dasher and with a 
wooden paddle scrape the cream from sides of 
can and beat and work it a few minutes. This 
makes the cream smooth; now put the lid on 
the can, putting a cork in the hole where the 
dasher was taken from; drain off the water, 
repack with ice and salt, cover with a piece of 
heavy wrapping paper, then with an old piece of 
carpet, and put awav in a cool place for two or 
three hours to ripen. 

To mould and pack frozen dainties the mixture 
should not be frozen too hard, if to be moulded, 
and before packing take a long handled spoon, 
stir down the mixture thoroughly; have your 
mould chilled by packing it in salt and ice before 
filling; now fill the mould, being careful to fill 
every corner if a square one is used; if fancy, 
that all of the design is packed solid; then fill the 
mould so full that when covered the mixture is 
forced down the sides; put on a piece of waxed 
or buttered paper, "buttered side up," then the 
cover to the mould — see that it fits accurately. 
Pack into tub or pail with ice and salt (using 
four measures of ice to one of salt) so that the 
mould is entirely covered with ice; set away from 
two to three hours. To serve take mould from 



333 FROZEN DAINTIES 

salt water and hold under cold water faucet; let 
it run one minute to rinse off the salt; wipe the 
mould, remove the cover and paper; invert on 
serving- dish and the frozen mixture will fall out. 
Should it fail to do so, wring- a cloth from hot 
water and spread it over the mould a moment; 
nev^er dip a mould in hot water. 

Frozen mixtures are classified as ice creams, 
water ices, g^ranites. sherbets, frappe, punch, 
sorbet and mousse. 

Philadelphia Ice Cream — A thin cream, 
sweetened and flavored, and, without cooking, 
frozen. 

Neapolitan Ice Cream — Made of rich 
cream, eg^g^s, sug-ar and flavoring', cooked into a 
delicate custard. 

Water Ices — Juice of fruit diluted with 
water and sweetened, there being- two ways in 
which to prepare it — one by cooking sug-ar and 
water then cooling- it, which gives body to the 
ice, and it does not melt as quicklv when served; 
the other simply to mix the ingredients and 
freeze. 

Granites — A water ice to which small fruit 
or large fruit cut into small squares and mixed 
in with as little stirring as possible when the ice 
is nearly frozen. 

ShERBERTvS — A water ice to which the white 
of an egg has been added when ice begins to 
thicken and served in small tumblers or lemonade 
glasses. 

pRAPPE — A water ice frozen to a mush, using 
equal parts of salt and ice in freezing, which 
make it granular. 

Punch — A water ice to which spirits and 
sometimes spices are added. 

Sorbet — When several kinds of fruit juices 



FROZEN DAINTIES 334 

are used it is sometimes called sorbet, but it is 
really a frozen punch. 

Mousse — A mould lined with an ice and 
whipped cream, sweetened, used as a filling and 
packed in ice and salt and not disturbed for three 
hours, 

ICE CREAM, m). 1. 

^ pint cream, 
1 quart milk, 
1 cupful sugar, 

1 teaspoonful vanilla extract. 
Freeze. 

M L. Parkhurst. 

ICE CREAM, NO. 2. 

1 pint sweet milk, 
1 pint cream, 

5 eggs, yolks (more if desired), 
^4 cupful sugar, 
Boil milk ; add sugar and yolks eggs; add cream 
and flavoring and freeze. Mary Mott. 

APRICOT ICE CREAM. 

1 can apricots, 
1 ])int sugar, 
1 (|uart water, 
1 pint whipped cream. 
Cut apricots in small pieces; add sugar and 
water and freeze. When half frozen add whipped 
cream. Miss Jennie Stanyan, 

San Francisco. 



335 hUOZCN DAINTIES 

COFFKE ICE CREAM. 

Add one-half cupful very strong coffee to 
above recipe before freezing. 

Mary Mott. 

ONK GALLON ICE CREAM. 

1 quart good rich cream. (Be sure it is 

sweet). 

2/^ pints new milk, 

1^ coffeecupfuls sugar, 

1 heaping tablespoonful flour. 
Wet flour and make into a paste with a little 
cold milk; scald in two quarts of the milk; strain 
and add the sugar; let it stand and get cold, 
then add the cream and remainder of milk, the 
whites of two eggs well beaten, three table- 
spoonfuls vanilla extract. The milk must be 
scalded in a double boiler to prevent scorching. 
Should be frozen and let stand tv^^o hours before 
serving. Mrs. JamEvS A. Hamilton. 

LEMON ICE CREAM. 

1 pint cream, 
1 l)int milk, 
4 eggs, whites onlv, 
34 cupful sugar, 
Flavor with lemon essence. 
To the grated rind of lemon add sugar, eggs 
and milk; cook. When cold, add cream and 
flavoring, then freeze. 

Harriet Stout. 

PEACH ICE CREAM. 

1 i)int mashed ])eaches, 



FROZEN DAINTIES 336 

2 cupfuL^ sug-ar, 

-^ eggs, 

2 cupfuls cream, 

2 cupfuls milk, 
Beat 3''olk of eggs with sugar and pour into 
scalding milk; add whites and boil until a thick 
custard, when cold put in the cream and peaches. 
Freeze. May Knapp. 



HOT CHOCOLATK SAUCK. 
(To Be Used With Ice Cream. ) 



2 squares chocolate, the unsweetened, 

1% cupfuls sugar, 

}4 cupful water, 

1 tablespoonful butter, 

^ teaspoonful vanilla extract. 
Melt the chocolate b}^ placing over hot water; 
add the other ingredients and cook fifteen min- 
utes; cool it slightly; add the vanilla last, and 
pour over the individtial dishes of ice cream. 

M. L. ParkhuRvST. 



BISQUE. 



1 pint rich cream, 
1 cupful sugar, 

]4 pound walnuts, chopped fine. 
Beat cream thoroughly; add sugar and walnuts, 
a very little vanilla. Freeze without turning 
freezer; should be packed from five to eight 
hours. 

Mrs. F. D, McPhrrson, Santa Cruz. 



337 FROZEN DAINTIES 

BAKED OR ALASKA ICE CREAM. 

Take a silver platter or any dish which will 
not break in the oven; cover bottom with lad}" 
fingers, or any other cake; put your ice cream, 
any kind, on top of cake, only see that ice cream 
is well frozen. Have by this time whipped the 
whites of vsix eggs to a very thick froth, have on 
a plate one pound of powdered sugar, mix sugar 
carefully with froth, now cover ice cream with 
half of this; take the other in a pastry bag; gar- 
nish over all and bake in a very hot oven ten or 
fifteen seconds till a nice brown, send to table 
immediately. (A very nice surprise.) 
Mrs. Henry Becker, 

San Francisco. 

ALMOND ICE CREAM. 

1 quart cream, 

4 ounces shelled almonds, 

1 teaspoonful of vanilla extract, 

A few drops each of rose water and bitter 

almond extract. 
Blanch almonds, pound to a paste adding a 
few drops of rose water and bitter almond and a 
very little cream gradually. Heat cream in a 
double boiler till steaming hot (not boiling), melt 
sugar in it, set aside and when cold add almond 
paste. Freeze and pack. Nut ice cream requires a 
longer time to freeze. 

Mrs. C. L. Pioda. 

(;rape water ice. 

4 ([uarts of ripe grapes, 

2 tablespoon fuls of gelatine, 
1 cu]:>ful cold water, 



FROZEN DAINTIES 338 

3 cupfuls su^ar. 

Soak iTelatine in water, mash and squeeze the 
grapes through butter cloth till all juice is ex- 
tracted; add the sugar dissolved in one pint of 
boiling water to grape juice and gelatine; cool 
and freeze. 

Mrs. a. Mattel 

CURRANT ICE. 

4 cupfuls of water, 
1-j; cupfuls sugar, 

2% cupfuls currant juice. 
Boil water and sugar ten minutes; add currant 
juice, cool and freeze. Serve in tall glasses; 
garnish with red and white currants. 

LEMON ICE. 

For every quart of ice desired take two small 
teaspoonf uls of corn starch, place in cold water 
and boil slowly till all taste and smell of the 
starch has been removed, taking care to prevent 
burning on the bottom by stirring frequently. 
To this add, while hot, the juice of two medium 
sized (or one and one-half large) lemons for each 
quart. If the sliced rind of one or more lemons 
is added to the whole the qualit}' is for many 
palates, much improved; strain the material 
through a fairly fine colander, and while it is 
still warm add sufficient sugar to sweeten to 
taste; remembering, however, that lemon be- 
comes more acid in cooling and the material 
should therefore, when warm, be somewhat over 
sweet. Freeze and serve precisely as with ice 
cream. (It should be remembered that very 
much of the delicacy of the ice depends upon the 



339 FROZEN DAINTIES 

vsuccess with which all trace of the starch is dis- 
pelled in boiling-.) 

Rev. William Higgs. 

ORANGE WATER ICK. 

1 pint orang'e juice, 
1 pint of sug-ar, 
1 quart of water. 
Put the sugar and water on to boil; chip the 
yellow rinds from three oranges; add the syrup, 
boil five minutes, and stand away to cool; add 
orange juice to the syrup, strain through a wire 
seive and freeze. This will serve six. 

Mrs. a. Mattel 

STRAWBERRY ICE, NO. 1. 

1 quart of sour berries, 
1 pound sugar, 
1 quart water, 
Juice of two lemons. 
Add the sugar and lemon juice to the straw- 
berries; mash them and stand aside one hour; 
add the water; freeze. 

Mrs. D. S. Hallock. 

STRAWBERRY ICE, NO. 2. 

Boil and skim three cupfuls of sugar and one 
quart of water, and before taking off add one 
tablespoonful of gelatine dissolved in cold water. 
When this mixture cools add to it the juice and 
pulp of three boxes of strawberries (rubbed 
through butter cloth), the juice of three lemons 
and three oranges and enough water to make 
two quarts. When half frozen add the well 



FROZEN DAINTIES 340 

beaten whites of two eggs. 

MRvS. G. C. Grimes, Fresno. 

BLOOD ORANGK SHERBET. 

Make a syrup by boiUng four cupfuls water 
and two cupfuls sugar together 20 minutes; cool; 
add two cupfuls orange juice; one-fourth cupful 
lemon juice and grated rind of two oranges. 
Strain and freeze. Use blood oranges or color 
with fruit coloring. 

LEMON SHERBE)T. 

One quart milk, three cupfuls of sugar; put in 
a freezer and w^hen nearly frozen add a coffee 
cupful of strained lemon juice. This is white, 
smooth and delicious. 

MIXED FRUIT SHERBET. 

Three shredded oranges, the juice of three 
lemons, two or three bananas finely sliced, 
three cupfuls of sugar dissolved in three cupfuls 
of boiling water and allowed to cool. Mix all 
together and pour into freezer; when nearly 
frozen add the beaten whites of four eggs. 

Mrs. a. Harris. 

STRAWBERRY SHERBET. 

1 quart strawberries, 

2 lemons, 

1 pound granulated sugar, 
1 quart water. 
Wash the strawberries and mash fine; add 
juice of lemons and sugar; let stand in a cool 



341 fROZEN DAINTIES 

place one hour, add the water and freeze. 

M. L. Parkhurst. 

pine:applk sherbet. 

One can pineapple, soaked in one quart cold 
water for three hours, one pint boiling" water, 
two and one-half cupfuls sugar, and two lemons 
boiled together five minutes. Let it cool; then 
mix in pineapple water and juice of two more 
lemons; freeze. Very good. 

Mrs. D. S. Hallock. 

COFFEE FRAPPE. 

Four tablespoonfuls fineh^ ground coffee; pour 
over it one quart boiling water; add one gill of 
good cream and enough sugar to make it over- 
sweet, When cool, turn into ice cream freezer 
and turn slowly until it is frozen. You can make 
it without a particle of cream or milk, but in that 
case turn rapidly while freezing. 

M. Iv. Parkhurst. 

WHITE yELVET SHERBET. 

6 lemons, 
3 cupfuls sugar, 
3 pints milk. 
Mix lemon juice and sugar and add milk grad- 
ually. Freeze. 

Miss Jennie Stanyan, San Francisco. 

STRAWBERRY MOUSSE. 

1 pint cream, 

1 box strawberries, 



FKOZEN DAINTIES 342 

1% cupfuls sugar. 
Whip the cream to a stiff froth, add sugar and 
strained juice of berries; freeze in a pail or mould 
without stirring. 

Mrs. Parkhurst. 

MOUSSE. 

% box gelatine, 

1 quart cream, 

1 pint fine pineapple, 

^/2 cupful cold water, 

1 cupful boiling water 
Soak the gelatine in cold water; add the boil- 
ing water and cook a little. Whip the cream and 
add the sugar and pineapple. Pack in ice and 
salt; let stand five hours. 

FROZKN PUDDING. 

1 pint cream, 

1 ^ dozen macaroons, 

3 tablespoon fuls powdered sugar, 

2 tablespoonfuls ground chocolate. 
Whip the cream, add the sugar and divide in 

three parts. To one portion add chocolate which 
has been moistened with very little water and 
stirred until smooth. Add enough pink coloring 
to second portion to give a delicate pink. Flavor 
third portion with vanilla. Roll macaroons, not 
too fine, and divide into three parts. Take a 
small lard can and put in first the pink cream and 
over it one portion of macaroons, next white 
cream and then second layer of macaroons, then 
add chocolate cream. Cover can and pack well 
with ice and salt, as for ice cream. Let stand 
four hours. When readv to serve turn out and 



343 t^ROZEN DAINTIES 

cover top with third portion of macaroons. It 
will turn out more easily if you wrap a hot cloth 
around the can for a very short time. 

Mrs. G. C. GrimEvS, Fresno. 

QUEKN PUDDING, NO. 2. 

Line a melon mould about two inches deep with 
vanilla ice cream, or if preferred, use strawberry 
water ice, having ready a pint of chilled peaches. 
Fill these in the center, cover with cream or ice, 
bind edg-es with strip of buttered cloth; pack in 
ice and salt tw^o hours. Whenready to serve wipe 
mould with warm towel, turn out on large dish. 
Dust with grated macaroons and servem imedi- 
ately- 

FIG PUDDING. 

1 pint cream, 

2 pints milk, 

1 cupful sugar, 
1 pound dried figs, 

1 wineglassful curacoa. 

Chop figs fine and pour the curacoa over them. 
Let them stand until the cream is ready. Mix 
sugar and milk; add cream after it is slightly 
beaten; freeze; when nearly done add figs. 

ORANGF, OR STRAWBERRY 
CHARLOTTE. 

2 tablespoonfuls granulated gelatine, 
1 cupful sugar, 

1 cupful fruit juice and pulp, 
V^ cupful cold water, 
5^ cupfu] boiling water, 



PKOZEN DAINTIES 344 

3 teaspoonfuls lemon juice, 

Whites 3 e^gs, 

^2 pint whipped cream. 
Soak gelatine in cold water, then dissolve in 
boiling water; add sugar, lemon juice, fruit juice 
and pulp. When cold whisk until frothy, then add 
whites of eggs beaten stiffly and fold in cream. 
Line a mould with sections of orange and fresh 
ripe strawberries; turn in the mixture and chill. 

MARASCHINO FROZEN PUNCH. 

2 tablespoonf uls liquor of Maraschino cher- 
ries, 

Juice 2 lemons and 5 oranges, 

Pulp 3 Japanese persimmons. 

Pulp 2 bananas, 

1 pint canned apricots, 

3^ cupfuls granulated sugar, 

5 cupfuls water. 
Strain all through a coarse cloth and freeze. 
Serve after the meat course in stem champagne 
glasses with the cherries as a garnishment. 
Mrs. F. F. Cook, Fresno. 

ROMAN PUNCH. 

1^2 pints strong sweet lemonade, 
% pint champagne, 

1 small wineglassful best Jamaica rum, 
Juice 2 oranges. 
Mix, and when partly frozen add whites of two 
eggs, beaten stiff. Mrs. A. Mattel 

CANTFLOUP FROZEN. 

Choose one which is ripe and luscious. Cut 



345 fKOZEN DAINTIES 

pulp into tiny cubes and sprinkle with little 
sugar and a little pinch salt; let it stand in freezer 
one hour. Serve heaped on a pretty dish. 

Mrs. C. L. Pioda. 

FROZEN APRICOTS. 

1 quart can apricots, 

2 tablespoonfuls gelatine, 
2 cupfuls vsugar, 

1 pint cream. 
Drain the apricots, cut them into pieces with 
silver spoon; measure the syrup and add sufficient 
water to make one and one-half pints; add the 
sugar. Cover the gelatine with a little cold water 
and soak one-half hour. Boil the sugar, syrup and 
water together for five minutes; skim carefully; 
add the gelatine, stir until dissolved; add apri- 
cots and stand aside to cool. When cold, freeze, 
stirring slowl3^ When frozen, remove the dasher 
and add the cream, whipped. Re-pack, cover and 
stand aside for two hours. 

Mrs. Marden. 

FROZEN STRAWBERRIES. 

1 pint strawberries, 

2 cupfuls sugar, 
1 quart water. 
Juice 2 lemons. 

To the berries add the lemon juice and sugar; 
let them stand an hour, then mash the berries, 
add the water and stir until sugar is dissolved. 
When nearly frozen add the white of one egg, 
beaten; freeze slowly. 

Mrs. Eddy. 



FROZEN DAINTIES 346 

PINEAPPLK CREAM. 

Yi cupful sugar, 

1 cupful water, 

1 can grated pineapple, 

Yz box gelatine, 

1 cupful cream. 
Boil sugar, water and pineapple together ten 
minutes; dissolve gelatine in one-half cupful cold 
water and beat into pineapple. When cool beat 
in one cupful whipped cream. Set on ice. Serve 
with whipped cream. 

Mrs. Sidney J. Parsons. 



Candif, 



Miss Harriet M. Stout. 
Miss Carrie Elder. 



A perpetual feast of nectared sweets. 



ALMOND CANDY. 

To each cupful of sliced almonds add one cup- 
ful granulated sug-ar. Butter skillet well. Put in 
sug'ar first and then almonds. As soon as the 
sugar begins to dissolve, stir the above with well 
buttered spoon and continue stirring slowly until 
a light brown, then pour on a buttered platter 
and spread with a spoon. 

Mrs. Thomas Harris. 

frp:nch crkams, no. i. 

(Cooked. ) 

Put into a granite ware sauce pan one cupful 
wate-, two cupfuls granulated sugar and a pinch 
cream of tartar. Stir until the sugar is nearly 
melted; then place on the fire and heat slowly, 
but do not stir. Watch carefully and note 
whed it begins to boil. When the sugar has been 
boiling for ten minutes take a little of it and 
drop in ice water. If it hardens enough to form 
a soft ball when rolled between finger and thumb 



CANDY -^48 

it is cooked enough. Remove saucepiin from the 
tire and when the syrup stops boiling pour into a 
large platter and set in a cool place. When the 
syrup is so cool that the finger can be held in it 
comfortably, stir with a wooden spoon or ])addle 
until it becomes thick and white. When it begins 
to look hard and a little dry, remove spoon and 
knead with hands until the cream is smooth and 
soft. Work the flavoring in a little at a time. 
If the candy becomes hard and crumbly, it means 
that it has been cooked too long. Dampen the 
candy with a very little water and knead as be- 
fore. By combining this fondant with figs, 
prunes or citron a variety of creams may be 
made. Harriet M. Stout. 

FRENCH CRKAMS, NO. 2. 

(Without Cooking). 

2 pounds confectioners' sugar, XXX, rolled 

and sifted. 
Beat whites of two eggs and put in a tumbler 
(mark the quantity), pour in a dish and add the 
same amount of cold water as you had eg^ in the 
tumbler, and a scant tablespoonful vanilla. Stir 
well together and add slowly the two pounds of 
sugar. Stir with a silver spoon until well mixed. 
This is the foundation for all cream candies. 

Miss A. CampbelTv. 

CHOCOLATK CREAMS. 

Take some of the fendent and mould into cone 
shaped forms. Lay these aside for a few hours 
in a cool place to harden. Put two ounces of un- 
sweetened chocolate in a cup and stand the cup 
in a saucepan of boiling water until the chocolate 



34V CANDY 

is melted. Take the cones of cream one at a time 
on a silver fork and dip them into the chocolate 
until well coated, then slip them from the fork 
onto waxed paper and set aside to dr}-. 

Harriet M. Stout. 

COCOANUT CREAMS. 

Knead into the cream fondant shredded cocoa- 
nut. After the two are thoroughly mixed break 
off small pieces and roll into balls. Dip the balls 
into white of egg and roll in the shredded cocoa- 
nut. The egg is used to make the cocoanut ad- 
here to the outside- 

Harriet M. Stout. 

CREAM DATES. 

For these select large perfect dates and with a 
sharp knife make a slit and remove the stones. 
Eorm some French cream into oval shapes, re- 
sembling the dates themselves, but not so large. 
Insert the piece of cream in the side of the date 
where the stone was removed, not. of course, 
concealing the cream altogether. 

Harriet M. Stout. 

brittlp:. 

% cupful Sultana raisins, 

% cupful figs, 

% cupful Brazilian nuts sliced, 

% cupful cocoanut. 
Grease tin plates and scatter nuts and fruit 
over them. Then boil till good and brittle the 
following: 

2 cupfuls sugar. 



CANDY 350 

1 tablespoonful butter, 
% cupful vinegar, 

yi cupful water. 
Pour into plates containing fruit. Break in 
pieces when cold. 

Emily Dahlgren. 

BUTTERSCOTCH, NO. 1. 

2 cupfuls brown sugar, 
1 cupful water, 

% cupful butter. 
Cook until it is brittle when dropped into cold 
water. For caramels, when almost done add one- 
fourth cupful grated chocolate. 

MiSvS Murray 

BUTTERSCOTCH, NO. 2. 

Put into a pan one-half pound brown sugar, a 
gill of water, one teaspoonful vinegar and one- 
half ounce butter. Boil all together for twenty 
minutes, then pour into buttered tins; mark it 
out as it cools with the back of a knife. Flavor to 
taste as you pour it into the tins. D. 

CREAM CANDY, NO. 1. 

4 cupfuls sugar, 

1 cupful cold water. 
Stir well before putting on stove, but do not 
move while boiling. Keep covered about three 
minutes, then put five drops lemon juice in. 
When it hairs turn into a fiat dish to remain per- 
fectly still until you can bear your finger in it, 
then beat w^ith a knife until it becomes cream}'. 
Then knead and cut into any shape. 

MyrttvR Chapman. 



351 CANDY 

CREAM CANDY, NO, 2. 

2 cupfuls granulated sugar, 
Enoug'h cream to dissolve it, 
Small piece butter. 

Boil until it hairs from the spoon; add tea- 
spoonful vanilla and take from stove and beat 
until it creams. Pour on buttered plate. It is 
much nicer if put away and kept for ten days. 

Beatrice Gracey. 

CREAM TAFFY. 

1 pound white sugar, 

3 tablespoonfuls vinegar, 

1 teaspoonful lemon extract, 
1 teaspoonful cream of tartar, 
1 tablespoonful butter, 
Add little water to moisten sugar. 
Boil until brittle. Put in extract and turn out 
on buttered plates. When cool, pull until white 
and cut into squares. Do not stir while cooking. 

FUNICE GORDEN. 

CREAM CHOCOLATE CARAMELS. 

3^2 pint white sugar, 
1 pint brown sugar, 
y^ pint thick cream, 
1 generous tablespoonful butter, 

4 ounces chocolate. 

Mix together in a granite ware saucepan; place 
on the fire and stir until the mixture boils. Cook 
until a few drops of it will harden if dropped 
into cold water, and pour into well buttered pan, 
having mixture about three inches deep. When 
early cold make intosquares. It will take almost 



CANDY m 

an hour to boil this in a g^ranite ware pan. 

Eunice Gordon. 

WALNUT CARAMELS. 

2 cupfuls molasses, 

2 cupfuls brown sug^ar, 

1 cupful milk, 

1 tablespoonful grlycerine. 
Boil rapidly for about thirty minutes, then add 
one cupful grated chocolate and piece of butter 
the size of an egg; boil twenty minutes longer. If 
then a little of the mixture hardens when dropped 
in cold water, remove pan from fire, add the nuts 
and pour into buttered tins; when nearly cold 
mark into squares. 

CHOCOLATE CARAMELS. 

1 cupful sugar, 

1 cupful good molasses, not syrup. 

Piece of butter size of an egg, 

1 cupful cream or milk, 

2 ounces of grated unsweetened chocolate. 
Put these ingredients in an enameled saucepan 

and boil them together, stirring constant!}', for 
twenty minutes. If the mixture forms into a ball 
when dropped into cold water, it is done. Remove 
from fire; pour into well buttered tins and, when 
cool enough, mark into squares. 

PUDGE, NO. 1. 

2 cu]>fuls sugar, 

1 cupful milk, 

2 squares chocolate. 
Butter size of an egg. 



353 CANDY 

Boil ten minutes or more, or until it forms a 
soft ball in cold water. Take from fire and stir. 

Mrs. Parrymore. 

FUDGE, NO. 2. 

2 cupfuls sug-ar, 

% cupful sorg-hum, 

^ cupful milk, 

1 tablespoonful butter, 

3 squares chocolate, 
1 pint nuts. 

Cook all but nuts until a little dropped in cold 
water can be moulded between thumb and finger. 
Add nuts and flavoring- and beat until cool. 

Maude Turner. 

FUDGE, NO. 3. 

3 cupfuls su^ar, 
1 cupful milk, 
1 teaspoonful butter. 
Cook; when sug-ar is melted, add four or five 
tablespoonfuls cocoa; stir and boil nine or ten 
minutes. Take from fire and add one teaspoonful 
vanilla. Stir until creamy ; pour on buttered plates 
and cut into squares. 

Mrs. James Turner, Clovis. 

MAPLE CREAM. 

Take three cupfuls brown sugar and just 
enough water to dissolve, butter the size of an 
eg-g. Boil until it hairs from the spoon, then put 
in a tablespoonful vanilla. Take from the stove 
and beat until it is like cream, then pour into a 
large greased platter and cool until hard enough 



CANDY 354 

to cut. It is much nicer when nuts or cocoanut is 
stirred in. BEATRICE Gracey. 

PANOCHE, NO. 1. 

2 cupfuls sug"ar, 
Yi cupful mill^, 
Yi cupi'ul butter, 
Yi cupful walnuts. 
Cook until waxe3\ When done beat until 
creamy. Mrs. ParrymorE. 

PANOCHK, NO. 2. 

2 cupfuls brown sugar, 

2 cupfuls white sugar, 

1 cupful milk, 

1 tablepoonful butter, 

1 pound English walnuts, chopped fine. 
Boil fifteen minutes, or until it hardens in cold 
water. Just before taking off stove flavor with 
vanilla and put in nuts, and pohr on buttered 
plate. Carrie Elder. 

PERSIAN DELKtHT. 

1 pound English walnuts, 
1 pound dates, 

1 pound figs. 

Chop very fine and mix with all the confec- 
tionery sugar it will take. Add a little vanilla; 
then roll it out on the board, using sugar to 
keep it from sticking, and cut it in squares. 
Jennie Crowley, Providence, R. I. 

PRAULINES. 

2 cupfuls granulated sugar, 



355 CANDY 

^ cupful water, 
}^ cupful vinegar, 
Butter size walnut. 
Boil until it ropes from the spoon, then stir in 
one quart peanuts and stir until white. 

Mrs. K. F. Hawkins. 

MOLASSKS CANDY, NO. 1. 

2 cupfuls molasses, 

1 cupful brown sugar, 

Butter size of walnut. 
Boil twenty minutes then add two teaspoon- 
fuls cream of tartar, one teaspoonful soda, one 
teaspoonful vinegar. Turn into buttered pan un- 
til cool enough to pull. LoTTiE Clark, 
Courtesy of "Crumbs from Everybody's Table." 

MOLASSKS CANDY, NO. 2. 

1 quart molasses, 

1 pint white sugar, 

1 dessertspoonful butter, 

1 teaspoonful vanilla, 

1 tablespoonful vinegar, 

1 teaspoonful soda. 
Let molasses, vinegar and sugar boil until brit- 
tle when tested in cold water. When nearly done 
add butter, and when entirely done add vanilla 
and soda. Cool in well greased tins; then pull. 

Mrs. W. G. Wanzer. 

MOLASSKS TAFFY. 

1 pint genuine molasses, best quality, 

% pound sugar, 

% teaspoonful vinegar, 



CANDY 356 

1 ounce butter. 

Stir all this over the fire until it comes to the 
"crack;" that is, until a piece being dropped into 
cold water it sets at once and falls to the bottom 
of the dish with a tinkle like glass; then pour it 
out into well-buttered tins. When cool enough to 
handle turn in edges and make it all into a ball; 
pull until a light tan color and cut in pieces with 
scissors. D. 

ICE CRKAM TAFFY. 

2 pounds granulated sugar, 
^ pint of water, 

ye pint vinegar, 

Butter the size of an ^gg, 

1 tablespoonful glycerine. 
Boil together without stirring from twenty 
minutes to half an hour; when, on dropping a 
little of this into cold water, it hardens at once, 
add to it a small teaspoonful cream tartar; pour 
it all onto well-buttered plates to cool, and pour 
two teaspoonfuls of essence of vanilla over the 
top. Let it cool; pull it until it becomes beauti- 
fully white and cut it with scissors into sticks. 

POP CORN BALLS. 

Pop the corn and reject all that is not nicely 
opened. Place a half bushel on a table or drip- 
ping pan. Put a little water in a suitable kettle 
with one pound of sugar and boil until it becomes 
quite waxy in cold water. Remove from fire and 
dip into it six or seven tablespoonfuls of gum 
solution made as thick as molasses by pouring 
boiling water on gum arabic and letting stand 
over night. Pour mixture over corn, putting a 



357 CANDY 

stick or handvS under the corn, lifting- it up and 
mixing until it is all saturated; let stand a few 
moments, then flour the hands slightly and press 
into balls. This amount will make one hundred 
pop corn balls, such as the street peddlers sell, 
but for home eating omit the gum solution and 
use a half pint of stiff taffy made as above, for 
one peck of popped corn. This will make twenty 
rich balls. 

CHOCOLATE PKPPKRMINTS. 

2 pounds confectioners' sugar (XXXX), 

% pound bakers' chocolate. 
Add enough water to the sugar to make it the 
right consistency to roll into balls; flavor with 
peppermint and roll out on wax paper with the 
rolling pin; cut out the peppermints; melt the 
chocolates and dip the peppermints, holding 
them on the end of a fork; set on wax paper to 
cool. 



Tood for Invalids. 

Mrs. L,. D. Howard. 



Kndeavor to tempt the appetite of the patient 
by attention to little things. Give the distaste- 
ful food the resemblance of something- that is 
particularh^ palatable. Cover the tra}' in a dainty 
manner with the freshest of cloth; render it 
bright with a vase of flowers. Do not set a plate 
before an invalid containing the exact quantity of 
meat, fish or anything you wish him to eat. Serve 
everything on small dishes and allow the patient 
to help himself. Very often the effort to lift the 
head, even if the person is not dangerously ill, 
disinclines them to take refreshing or nourishing 
drink. Do not disturb such sufferers by propping 
them up with pillows and making them lift their 
heads and change their position. Secure a bent 
glass tube and the patient need not be disturbed, 
in a sick headache or extreme fatigue, but can 
take the beverage provided without a change of 
position. As the system feels the need of the very 
thing that the taste demands, satisfy that desire 
as far as possible; but the greatest care is neces- 
sarv with regard to food; therefore, give no new 
article of diet without the express permission of 
the physician. 



359 _ FOOD POR INVALIDS 

CONCENTRATED FOOD FOR INVALIDS. 

Bartholow's Food, first made by Dr. Bartho- 
low, of Philadelphia, ivS better known to nurses 
than to others. It is a very concentrated food, 
useful in nourishing a patient who is on a liquid 
diet. 

SAGO FOR INVALIDS. 

1 cupful beef tea, 

2 level tablespoonfuls sago, 
1 yolk of egg-, 

1 cupful sweet milk, 
Salt to suit. 
The sago is given for the starch it contains, 
arrowroot and sago being the most easily' digested 
form of starch. In making the food, first put the 
sago in the milk; heat until the grains swell and 
thicken the milk; stir frequently, and if possible 
cook in a double boiler. Do not scorch. When 
cooked, it vshould look clear; take from the fire, 
stir in the cup of beef tea, beat in the yolk of the 
egg, salt to taste, and serve. Do not give more 
than one-fourth cupful at one time. When wanted 
heat in a jar of hot water. 

DRINKS FOR THK SICK. 

Applk Tea — Roast eight fine apples in the 
oven or before the fire; put them in a jug with 
two spoonfuls of sugar, pour over them one 
quart of boiling water; let the whole stand one 
hour near the fire. 

Orange Whey — Juice of one orange to one 
pint sweet milk; heat slowly until curd forms; 
strain and cool. 



FOOD F-OR INVALIDS 

Rennet Whey — One quart of milk, almots 
boiling-, two tablespoonfuls of prepared rennet, 
off a piece that has been soaked in water; sugar 
to taste; stir the rennet into the milk; let stand 
until cool, then strain. 

Kgg Lemonade — White of one egg, one table- 
spoonful sugar, juice one lemon, one glassful 
water. Beat together. Good for inflamation of 
lungs,, stomach or bowels. 

Gum Arabic Water — One teaspoonful gum 
arable, one goblet cold water; let stand until it 
dissolves and flavor to suit with any fruit juice. 

Oat Meal Tea — Two tablespoonfuls oat 
meal to one quart cold water; let stand two hours 
in cool place, then drain off as it is wanted. 
Good for convalesents. 

Toast Water — ^Toast slowly a thin piece of 
bread until it is extremely browm and hard, but 
not black; put in a bowl of cold water and cover 
tighth'. Let stand one hour before using. 

Sago Milk — Three tablespoonfuls sago soaked 
in a cupful cold water one hour; add three cup- 
fuls boiling milk; simmer slowly half an hour; 
eat warm. Tapioca milk is made the same way. 

Flax Seed Lemonade — Two tablespoonfuls 
whole flax seed to one pint boiling water. Let 
stand until cool; strain; add juice two lemons, 
two tablespoonfuls honey. 

Beef Tea — ^One pound lean beef, cut into 
small pieces; put into a bottle without a drop 
of water; heat gradually to a boil and continue 
boiling steadil}' for four hours. When the meat 
is rags the juice is outj salt to taste. Beef tea 



361 FOOD FOR INVALIDS 

does not afford as much nutrition as people have 
been led to believe. It is readil}" taken up by ab- 
sorption and is desirable where a mild stimulant 
is required. Notwithstanding- it has been repeat- 
edly shown that beef tea is not a food, the laity, 
and to a considerable extent, the profession, are 
slow to be convinced. That patients fed on beef 
tea slowly starve, is a fact which the analysis 
only too conclusively proves and which is sus- 
tained by accurate clinical observation. Beef tea, 
most carefully prepared, says Dr. Neal in a 
medical journal (Nov. 1881), does not contain, in- 
cluding alkaline salts, more than from 1.5 to 
2,25 per cent solid matter. Asa stimulant, beef 
tea may be and often is highl}^ serviceable, but 
as a means of support during- the exhausting- 
drain of a long illness, it does not compare in 
nutritive value to milk. Dr. Lander Brunton 
raises the question whether beef tea, a product 
of muscular waste, may not, under some circum- 
stances, be actually poisonous. 

Medical News. 

Corn Tea — Parch common corn until browned 
through; grind and pour boiling water over; 
drink with or without cream. Fine for cases of 
vomiting and diarrhoea. 

Corn Meal Gruel — One tablespoonful finely 
sifted corn meal wet m cold water. Have one 
quart boiling water in a pan; dip a spoonful of 
this cold batter into the water; stir; let it boil 
up and add another spoonful and so on until the 
gruel is of the right consistency. Let boil briskly 
twenty minutes or more. Salt to taste. Graham 
gruel is made the same wav. 

Milk Porridge — One and one- half table- 



FOOD FOR INVALIDS 362 

Spoonfuls flour wet to a paste, stirred into a quart 
of boilinsJ' milk; salt to taste. 

Baked Milk — Put one-half gallon milk in a 
jar and tie over it writing paper. Let stand in a 
moderate oven eight or ten hours. It will then 
be like cream and is good for consumptives. 

Chicken Broth — In one quart of water boil 
the dark meat of one-half chicken with one table- 
spoonful rice or barley. Skim off the fat. Use as 
vsoon as the rice is well done. Serve few narrow 
strips toast with it. Mrs. Z. L. Ward. 

PANADA. 

Take a slice of wheat bread, toast to a nice 
brown; break into fragments; sprinkle over it 
one teaspoonful ground cinnamon or nutmeg. 
Pour over enough boiling water to cover it; add 
sugar to taste. Some add a flavor of wine or 
brandy, but it is just as well without. 

TOAST. 

Brown a slice of wheat bread before the fire 
on both sides; put in a platter; pour boiling 
water over it to make soft; butter; put in oven 
until butter is melted; remove and put rich 
whipped cream over; serve while hot. 

GRUEL. 

Mix two tablespoonfuls corn meal and one of 
flour with cold water, to make a thick batter; if 
licked thick, stir it into one pint boiling water 
(if wanted thinner, add more water or milk); 
season with salt and pepper to taste; boil eight 



363 FOOf) f OK INVALIDS 

or ten minutes; take from fire; add a piece of 
butter size of a walnut, pour over toast or 
serve in cuj). 

RICK CAKE. 

Beat the ^-olks of fifteen egtrs for one-half 
hour; mix well with ten ounces of fine sifted 
sugar; one-half pound rice, ground; orange fiower 
water; rind two lemons grated; add whites seven 
eggs. Stir well, put in a hoop; bake one-half 
hour in a quick oven. 

RICE OMELET. 

2 cupfuls boiled rice, 

1 cupful sweet milk, 

2 eggs. 

Stir together with e^g beater; put into a but- 
tered skillet; cook slowly ten minutes, stirring 
frequently. 

RICE AND RAISINS. 

3 cupfuls boiling- water, 
1 cupful sweet milk, 

1 cupful rice, 
^2 cupful raisins. 
Mix and cook in double boiler. 

TO COOK EGGS IN THE SHELL. 

An egg should never be boiled; place in boiling 
water, set on back of stove for ten minutes; it 
will cook to perfection. 



FOOD FOR INVALIDS 364 

CHICKEN PANADA. 

Cut up a chicken; boil slowlv in water until 
done; remove skin; cut off white meat (remove 
fat, if an}'); pound it to a smooth paste with the 
water it was boiled in. When quite smooth, salt 
to taste, add a little lemon peel, boil gently for 
a few minutes; add water that it was cooked in 
to get the right consistency. Stir all the time. 

BEEF TOAST. 

Cut one-half pound of lean, juicv beef in slices 
one-half inch thick; lay them on a very hot fr}-- 
ing pan, free from grease. When they are heated 
through squeeze juice from them with a lemon 
vsqueezer; pour over toast and serve while hot. 
Do not butter toast. 

EGG BROTH. 

1 egg well beaten, 

% teasponful white sugar, 

1 pint boiling water. 

Salt to suit. 
Beat egg and sugar together; pour boiling 
v^ater in, stirring to prevent curdling; add salt 
and serve hot. Good in extreme exhaustion. 

ORANGE FOOL. 

3 oranges, 
3 eggs. 

Sugar to suit, 
1 pint cream. 
Mix all together; heat but do not boil; allow to 
become thick. Serv^e cold. 



365 FOOD FOR INVALIDS 

KAW BKEF JUICK. 

Take one pound sirloin beef; warm it in a 
broiler before a quick fire; cut into cubes of about 
one-fourth of an inch; place in a lemon squeezer, 
pressing the juice out; remove the fat that arises 
to the surface after cooling. Never cook the 
meat. 

junki:t. 

Treat a pint of milk as in preparing whey. 
Serve the curd with cream and sugar. Add spices 
if wanted. 

LIME WATER. 

Take a piece of unslacked lime the size of a 
walnut in two quarts of filtered water in a stone 
vessel; stir well; allow to settle. Use onl}- from 
top. 

BARLEY JELLY. 

Put two teaspoonfuls washed pearl barley into 
a quart saucepan with one and one-half pints 
water; boil slowly down to one pint; strain and 
allow liquid to set into a jellv. Season to taste. 

MILK RELISH. 

Yi pint milk, 
Salt, 
The white of ^^^ beaten to a foam; add milk 
and flavor to suit. 



hOOD hOk INVALIDS 366 

WHKY. 

Heat one pint of milk as hot as can be borne 
in the mouth; add, with gentle stirring, two tea- 
spoonfuls of Fairchild's essence of pepsin; let 
stand until coagulated; beat with a fork, dividing 
curd; strain. 

FLOUR BALL. 

Take one ])ound wheat flour, tie it up ver\' 
tightl}^ in bag and place in a saucepan of water; 
boil ten hours; when cool remove cloth and cut 
away soft outer covering dough; grate the inter- 
ior for use. To prepare, stir into milk or other 
liquid gradually while boiling. 

GRAPK JUICE. 

Stem the grapes; with just enough water to 
prevent scorching; heat through; stir often; 
strain through bag and squeeze. To three cup- 
fuls juice add one cupful water, one cupful vSUgar 
and boil five minutes; bottle immediately. Use 
new corks. 

ORANGEADE. 

1 orange, 

lYi teasjioonful sugar. 
Cold water. 
Scjueeze juice of orange into a tumbler, add 
sugar; fill tumbler with water and ice. 

MILK FOOD. 

3^ pintfreshlv made whey. 



367 fOOD l-OK INVALIDS 

2 tablespoonfuls fresh cream, 
Yi teaspoonful sug-ar of milk. 
Warm whey a very little above blood heat; 
add cream and sugar; stir until sug'ar is dis- 
solved. Fine for babies. Can be given from a 
nursingf bottle. 



't* 



MINCED CHICKEN. 

The breast of a chicken stewed; minced fine 
with one-half cupful broth, one-half cupful cream 
mixed. Heat and use as desired, Fine poured 
over toast or crackers; good for fever patient. 

SNOW CREAM.. 

The pulp of six stewed apples; beat. When 
cold, add the whites of six eggs. Beat to a froth; 
four ounces sugar; beat all together until it be- 
comes stiff. Serve. 

BROWNED RICE. 

Spread a cupful rice on a shallow baking pan 
and put into a moderately hot oven to brown. It 
will need to be stirred frequently to prevent 
burning and to secure a uniform color. Each rice 
kernel, when sufficiently browned, should be of a 
yellowish brown, about the color of ripe wheat. 
The rice should be well washed and dried tol- 
erably dry before going into the oven to brown. 
Use one and one-half cupfuls of water to each 
cupful browned rice (never stir rice after it has 
boiled, as it breaks the grain and makes it mushy.) 
Use browned rice the same as unbrowned; it 
cooks easier; is good boiled or steamed, served 
w4th cream or butter, and is nice in soups; makes 



POOD POR INVALIDS K68 

a dainty dish for a sick person and is more easy 
digested than the imbrovvned. A panful may be 
browned and put avvav for use. 

Mrs. Z. L. Ward. 

CRACKER AND WINK. 

1 soda cracker, toasted, 
Turn over it two-thirds teacupful boiling 
water, two tablespoonfuls sweet wine. Sweeten 
to taste. This can sometimes be retained on the 
stomach when nothing else can. 



meals Without meat. 

Mrs. Amos Harris. 



No tloeks that range the valley tree, 

To slauKhter I condemn; 
Taiighi by the power that pities me, 

I leaiii to pity them ; 
But from the mountain's grassy side 

A guilllesh feast I bring; 
A scrip with herbs and fruits supplied, 

And waler from the spring. 

—Goldsmith 



My all that is sai^red in our hopes for the humnii race, 1 conjure those who 
love happiness and truth togiw a fair trial to the vegetable system.— Shelly. 



*' * * * The growth of Vegetarianism in 
the United States is gradual, but persistent. " — 
Ex. And The Raisin Center Cook Book would 
not be up to modern requirements without a de- 
partment devoted to meatless dishes. Meat is 
not a necessity, so it is not necessary to have 
anything to take its place; but since we are in the 
habit of thinking that a meal is incomplete with- 
out meat, we find it easier to drop into "the bet- 
ter way," if the platter is filled with something 
that looks like meat. So 3'ou will find in this de- 
partment a few recipes for something to fill the 
platter which should be accompanied by soup, 
vegetables, side dishes, relishes and daint}' des- 
serts, usualU" served with a meat dinner, the 
recipes for which will be found in the other de- 
partments of the cookbook. But do not discard 



MfcALS WITHOUT MEAT 370 

meat and attenrpt to live on white bread, butter, 
tea and crackers. If you do you will soon find 
3'ourself all run down and think, at once, that 
you must ^o back to a meat diet to reg-ain your 
strength. If, on the contrary, you desire to give 
it a fair trial, go about it understandingly and 
have 3'our store closet tilled with such things as 
will supplv the needs of the body. It has been 
conclusively proved bv actual experiment that the 
same food values can be obtained from nuts and 
fruits as from a meat diet, as astud)^ of the table 
of food values will show. Professor Atwater, in 
his report to the Agricultural Department, says: 
"There is a general awakening to the needs of 
dietarv improvement, but in order to bring this 
about experts are required. These should not be 
mere cooks, or even chefs, but persons of 
thorough scientific and practical training. The 
calling is especially adapted to women who have 
the natural gifts and opportunities to secure the 
necessary education." Kach house mother, then, 
must be her own judge; whether she will stick 
to the old ways, with their burden of work, 
worry and ill health, or open her eyes to modern 
scientific discoveries. 

Something for the Platter, 



Here is a formula which can be varied indefi- 
nitely, using apples or vegetables in place of 
nuts: 

NUT CROQUETTES. 

1 cupful thinly sliced walnut meats (or any 
nuts preferred). 



371 MEALS WITHOUT MEAT 

1 cupful bread crumbs, 

1 cupful milk, 

1 egg, 

1 spoonful butter, 

1 spoonful olive oil (Gower's), 

yi spoonful whole wheat flour, 

Vi teaspoonful sugar. 

Salt and pepper to taste. 
Put butter and oil in the saucepan, stir in the 
flour and cook until slightly brown; then add the 
bread crumbs, with sugar, salt and pepper; then 
the milk, stirring constantly. Remove from the 
stove; add the nuts and last, the well beaten ^^^, 
mixing all thoroughly together. Make into balls 
of an}'^ desired size or shape, dip in ^^^ batter, 
roll in bread crumbs and fry in hot olive oil 
(Gower's). Have two or three bananas peeled 
and cut in thirds, or apples cut in eighths, dip in 
batter and fry in the same oil. Arrange on hot 
platter with croquettes in center and bananas or 
apples around the edge. Klizabkth. 

WALNUT ROAST, MUSHROOM SAUCK. 

1 cupful finely minced walnuts, 
1 cupful strained tomatoes, 
1 cupful whole wheat breadcrumbs, 
1 teaspoonful finely minced onions, 
^ teaspoonful majorum or thyme. 
Salt to taste- 
Thoroughly blend; add one well beaten ^^^. 

Bake forty minutes in buttered pan; basting with 

melted butter and hot water. 

MUSHROOM SAUCE,— 

Take a half dozen mushrooms, wash, peel and 

cut off stems as far as frill (or use the French 

canned); put them in a saucepan with two table- 



MEALS WITHOUT MEAT 372 

Spoonfuls butter; salt and pepper. Let them sim- 
mer for ten minutes then stir in a tablespoonf ul 
flower and add slowly two cupfuls boiling" milk or 
milk and water; cook 10 minutes; serve with roast. 

APPLE SNOW. 

Grate three nice, mellow eating- apples; beat 
the whites of three eggs, adding- three table- 
spoonfuls sugar; whip all together. Serve in 
individual glasses, with candied fruit on top. 
Grace A. Kierstead. 

VKGKTABLK POT PIE. 
(For a Family of Six.) 

Put a good sized lumj) of butter or two table- 
spoonfuls Gower's olive oil into the pot; when it 
is hot put in a finely minced onion and let it fry 
for fifteen or twenty minutes; don't let it scorch 
the least bit, but just turn a delicate brown; pour 
in three pints of boiling water; add salt and 
pepper to taste. Have ready two carrots cut in 
quarters lengthwivse, three parsnips cut in quar- 
ters lengthwise and six potatoes cut into pieces 
crosswise. Put in vour carrots first, then your 
parsnips; when they have boiled fifteen minutes, 
add your potatoes, and on top of all vour dump- 
lings. (Recipe for Dumplings^ — -Two cupfuls flour, 
two teaspoonfuls baking powder and a good 
pinch salt, sifted together, wet with sufficient 
milk to make a stiff dough.) Cover closely and 
keep the pot boiling for half an hour; then it 
will be ready to dish up on the platter (have the 
platter hot so as not to sodden the dumplings). 
Take out the dumplings carefully with fork and 
spoon, and around them arrange the vegetables. 
To the water in the pot add a heaping table- 



373 McALS WiTHOUr MEAT 

spoonful flour rubbed smooth m a cupful of milk, 
and stir until it boils up; now put in another 
lump of butter and your g-ravy is ready to dish. 

VEGETABLE ROAST. 

1 cujjful whole wheat flour, 
% cupful olive oiUGower's), 

2 cupfuls water, 

1 carrot, 2 parsnips, 1 potato, all previously 
cooked. 

Mix oil and flour; place over the fire and stir 
until well browned; add water; stir until smooth 
and well cooked. Remove from the fire; add salt 
and pepper to taste and your chopped vegetables 
with a little grated onion. This mixture should 
be the consistency of stiif mush. Put two-thirds 
of this mixture m a baking dish, and with a 
spoon spread it over the bottom and half way up 
the sides; have ready a dressing of bread crumbs, 
vsuch as you UvSe for turkey or meat roast; pour 
this into your baking dish and cover by spread- 
ing the other third of the mixture over top, mak- 
ing it meet neatly the under part. Bake forty-five 
minutes. Baste with browned flour and water 
and butter. 
GRAVY FOR ROAST,— 

Put one spoonful of butter and two of olive oil 
in a skillet; when hot add a heaping tablespoon- 
ful flour; stir until it becomes a golden brown, 
then add one and one-half pints boiling water; 
stir continually and boil five minutes. Season 
with salt, pepper and a little onion juice. 

NUT LOAF. 

To two cupfuls drv bread crumb ; dd a table- 



MEALS WITHOUT MEAT 374 

spoonful minced parsley, teaspoonful salt, one- 
half teaspoonful crumbled sage leaves, one-fourth 
teaspoonful black pepper, sprinkle of red pepper, 
little summer savor3% one-half pint finely cut 
celery, one sour apple cut fine; then melt one- 
third pound of butter in saucepan and fry in this 
until slightly brown a tablespoonful finely minced 
onion; pour this over the crumbs and mix well. 
Now beat three eggs into a pint of milk and 
pour over the buttered crumbs and let stand ten 
minutes. Prepare two cupfuls nuts of such varie- 
ties as you have, put them through the grinder 
and add them to the bread crumbs. Now mix 
thoroughly and form into a loaf; put into a but- 
tered dripping pan and bake for an hour and a 
half in a moderate oven, basting frequently with 
hot water and butter. When done it should be 
an even delicate brown. Make a gravy as for 
meat roast in the dripping pan after the loaf is 
removed. loNE Brown. 

VEGETARIAN THANKSGIVING DINNER. 

Celery Soup Nut Butter Sandwiches 

Olives Salted Almonds 

Lentil Cutlets, with Tomato Sauce 

Rice Croquettes, with Currant Jelly 

Vegetable Turkey, Brown Gravy 

Cranberry Jell}^ 

Nuttose Timbales, Mushroom Sauce 

Mashed Potatoes Baked Squash 

Grape Sherbet Fruit Salad 

Granose Biscuit Almond Butter 

Pumpkin Pudding Lemon Pie 

White Fruit Cake 

Nuts Fruit Coffee 



375 MEALS WITHOUT MEAT 

VKGKTABLK TURKEY, NO. 1. 

Boil one pound chestnuts until tender, remove 
the shells, add a teaspoonful salt and a pinch 
thyme, and mix thoroughly. Boil together a 
large turnip, one carrot, two large potatoes, two 
stalks celer)^ three pepper corns and two cloves. 
When the vegetables are tender, drain through a 
colander; add chestnuts; mash all together, add- 
ing two tablespoonfuls each of butter and cream. 
Salt to taste, place in a buttered mould, in a hot 
oven; heat thoroughly and serve on a meat plat- 
ter, garnished with slices of lemon and sprigs of 
parsley. 

VEGETABLE TURKEY, NO. 2. 

Boil a large egg plant until tender; peel it, 
mash it smooth, season with salt and pepper, add 
a tablespoonful butter and a pound of chestnuts 
prepared as above, also two hard boiled eggs 
chopped fine, half an onion chopped, and a cup- 
ful fine bread crumbs. Mix well, pack closely in 
a buttered dish; heat thoroughly in a hot oven 
and serve on a platter garnished with sliced to- 
matoes. 

LENTIL CUTLETS. 

Soak a cupful lentils over night in cold water. 
In the morning drain off this water and let the 
lentils cook ver}' slowly till tender; drain through 
colander; add pint chestnuts prepared as for the 
turkey, but without the thyme. Add three table- 
spoonfuls of butter, half a cupful milk and salt 
and pepper to taste. Mix well and pour .into in- 
dividual serving dishes. Serve hot, with a little 



MEALS WITHOUT MEAT 376 

whipped white of an egg on top. In making- vege- 
tarian substitutes for meats chestnuts should 
always be used, since they have a divStinctly 
meat}^ flavor in conjunction with vegetables. 

NUTTOSE TIMBALES. 

Boil large-sized macaroni in salted water until 
tender. When cold cut it into inch bits and mix 
■^ith prepared chestnuts, then with a sauce made 
of one tablespoonful each of butter and flour, half 
a cupful of milk, and salt and pepper to taste. 
Just before removing the sauce from the fire, add 
three well beaten eggs. Mix with the prepared 
nuttose and pour into a well buttered mould. 
Place this in a pan of hot water and let it stand 
in a slow oven for twenty minutes. Serve the 
timbales on a round dish garnished wnth cress 
and mushrooms. 

NUT BUTTER. 

Take half a pound of roasted peanuts, ground 
or chopped, one ounce of blanched and dried 
almonds, half a pound of pecans, andhalf a pound 
pine nuts. Add six ripe bananas, sliced; pack 
closely into a mould and let steam for one hour. 
Allow the mixture to cool before turning it out 
of the mould. It is delicious spread between sand- 
wiches, or served in slices with mayonaise dress- 
ing. Mrs. E. Turner. 

RAISINA PASTE. 

Equal parts seeded raisins and dried figs. 
Carefully wash the dried figs, and with the scis- 
sors clip off the stem end; run them through the 



377 MEALS WITHOUT MEAT 

handmill, alternating a handful of figs with a 
handful of raisins, which is an easy way of mix- 
ing them together. Now roll into a ball and from 
the mass, with a wet spoon, cut out pieces one- 
half size of a walnut, roll them in almond crumbs 
and dry on plates in the sun for half a day and 
they are ready to store in jars for every day use. 
This paste can be varied by using dried apples in- 
stead of figs and bread crumbs instead of almonds. 

CROUTONS. 

Cut stale bread into one-half inch dice and dry 
in oven. When wanted for use pour in hot butter 
or olive oil (Gower's). 

TO PREPARE BRKAD CRUMBS. 

Put the broken pieces, heels, etc. into dripping 
pan, put in dr\'ing oven and leave until thorough- 
ly dry and slightly brown. (This turns the flour 
into wheat farina, giving it a nutty flavor and 
making it more digestible.) Now run through 
the "grinder" and store away in covered jars 
for future use, 

TO BLANCH ALMONDS. 

Shell, pour boiling water over them, cover 
and let stand five minutes; pour off the hot water 
and dash on cold, drain and you will have no 
trouble in removing the skin by rubbing between 
the thumb and finger. 

ALMONDS FRIED IN OLIVE OIL. 

Shell, but do not blanch the almonds, put two 
tablespoonfuls oHve oil (Gower's) into your fry- 



MEALS WITHOUT MEAT 378 

mg pan; when it is hot put in a cupful almonds. 
You must be very careful about burning as the 
least scorch will destroy the delicate flavor. Stir 
constantly for five or seven minutes, then while 
hot drain ofF the oil and sprinkle with salt. The 
oil drained off can be used in soups or stews. 
Almond crumbs can be made by grinding fried 
almonds. 

Jl Word JIbout Soups Without Itleat. 



Soup without meat requires far less time for 
cooking. It can be added to the dinner at only a 
few minutes notice, and when rightly made is so 
delicious as to become its own excuse for being. 
Here is a formula for 

SOUP STOCK WITHOUT MEAT. 

Put in a frying pan one tablespoonful butter 
and one tablespoonful olive oil (Gower's); when 
warm add two tablespoonfuls finel}' minced on- 
ion; when the onion is cooked until slightly yel- 
low stir in one spoonful of flour, continue to stir 
and cook for five minutes, then add slowly a pint 
boiling water; now to this add your prepared 
tomatoes, celery, split pea or whatever you may 
have planned. When sufficiently cooked put all 
through a fine seive, return to the fire, add boil- 
ing milk or cream. Serve hot with freshly panned 
croutons or crackers. 

medicinal Properties of Vegetables, 



Diet instead of drugs is becoming a more and 
more popular method of medication as we become 



379 MEALS WITHOUT MEAT 

more aware of the beneficial effects of the various 
plants and fruit on the system, and it is certainly 
far more agreeable to eat a fine ripe orang^e or 
peach than to take a dose of blue mass or fill our 
system with calomel. A late issue of "What to 
Kat" says that if people understood the medici- 
nal values of the foods they would use them more 
for physical ills and the doctors would have to ^o 
to something" else for a living. Por instance, spin- 
ach and dandelion are good for kidney trouble; 
celery is good for rheumatism, nervous diseases 
and dyspepsia; lettuce and cucumbers cool the 
system, and the former is good for insomnia. 

Asparagus — If you want to prespire freely, 
to relieve the system of impurities, try asparagus. 

Onion — There is nothing, medicinally speak- 
ing, so useful as the poor and humble onion. 
They are almost the best nervine known and 
may be used in coughs, colds and grippe, in con- 
sumption, scurvy and kindred diseases. White 
onions overcome sleeplessness, while red ones are 
an excellent diuretic. -Katen every day they soon 
have a whitening effect on the complexion. 

Cranberries — For malaria and erysipelas 
nothing is better than cranberries. 

Carrots, etc. — Presh carrots and yellow 
turnips are good for scurvy. Carrots for asthma, 
watermelon for epilepsy and yellow fever, lem- 
ons for feverish thirst in biliousness, low fevers, 
rheumatism, coughs colds and liver complaints. 

Kggs — Eggs beaten up raw with sugar are 
used to clear and strengthen the voice, while 
with lemon and sugar the beaten white of an egg 
may be used to relieve hoarseness. 

Exchange. 



MEALS WITHOUT MEAT 380 

Popped Corn — A diet of popped corn and 
fruit is said to be a panacea for many bodily ills. 

Rice — It is claimed that a diet of rice for one 
month will cure Bright's disease. 

Jl Valuable treatise necessarily^ Omitted, 



We have a short treatise on ' 'The Nutrative 
Values of Fruits and Nuts," kindly prepared for 
this department by Prof. Joffa, Assistant Pro- 
fessor of Agriculture, Univ^ersity of California, 
but which we are obliged to omit for lack of 
space. About the time it was received we were 
notified by our publishers that the copy on hand 
already exceeded the contract number of pages for 
Cook Book. We still had several departments 
to provide for, which must be condensed into the 
smallest possible space, and as the department 
of "Meals Without Meat" came last the cut fell 
heaviest upon it, much to the regret of the com- 
mittee. We have found space, however, for a few 
extracts from this valuable paper: "In the Veg- 
etable Kingdom there are foods rich in the differ- 
ent ingredients requisite for the proper nourish- 
ment of the body, among the.se are fruits and 
nuts." In the nine dietary studies, and thirty-one 
digestive experiments carried on at the Universi- 
t3% fruit and nuts constituted all or almost all the 
diet. "The result of these investigations. " says 
Prof. Joffa, "emphasize the fact that both fruit 
and nuts should be considered as TRUE FOODS, 
rather than food ascessories, a fact commonly 
overlooked." Por full information regarding 
these Dietary Studies Prof. Joffa refers us to U. 
S. Dept. Agr., Office Ex. Stas. Buls. 21-29-31-35- 
37-38-39-40; Farmers' Bui. 142; Cal. Sta. Bui. 110. 



381 MEALS WITHOUT MEAT 

Comparative table of Tood Values, 



■^ Oj 



03 ^ Oh fe. O S 

FRUITS— 

Grapes 25.0 58.0 1.0 1.2 14.4 

Raisine, dried 10.0 13.1 2.3 3.0 68.5 

Lemons 30.0 62.5 0.7 0.5 5.9 

Oranges 27.0 63.4 0.6 0.1 8.5 

Peary 10.0 76.0 0.5 0.4 12.7 

Raspberries 85.8 1.0 .... 12.6 

Strawberries 5.0 85.9 0.9 0.6 7.0 

Apricots, dried 29.4 4.7 1.0 62.5 

DateM, dried 10.0 13,8 1.9 2.5 70.6 

Fias, dried 18.8 4.3 0.3 74 2 

Watermelons 59.4 37.5 0.2 0.) 2.7 

Tomatoes 94.3 0.9 0.4 3.9 

NUTS— 

Almonds 45.0 2.7 11.5 30.2 9.5 

Brazil Nuts 49.6 2.6 8.6 33.7 3.5 

Butternuts 86.4 0.6 3.8 8.3 0.5 

Filberts 52.1 1.8 7.5 31.3 6 2 

Hickory Nuts 62.2 1.4 5.8 25.5 4.3 

Pecans 53.2 1.4 5.2 33.3 6.2 

Pinon (Penus edulis).,. 40.6 2.0 8.7 36.8 10.2 

Walnuts, Black 74.1 0.6 7.2 14.6 3.0 

Enjilish Walnuts..... . 58.1 1.0 6.9 26.6 6.8 

GR.AINS— 

Whole wheat flour 11.4 13.8 1.9 71.9 

(irahan) Flour 11.3 13.3 2.2 71.4 

Wheat Flour, high-grade .. . 12.0 11.4 1.0 75.1 

Wheat Flour, low-grade 12.0 14.0 1.9 71.2 

Buckwheat Flour 13.6 6.4 1.2 77.9 

Rve Flour 12.9 6.8 0.9 78.7 

Con Meal l'.^;.'.].' 12.5 9.2 1.9 75.4 

Wheat Breakfast Food 9.6 12.1 1.8 75.2 

Oat Breakfast Food 7.7 16.7 7.3 66.2 

LEGUMES— 

Beans, dried 12.6 22.5 1.8 59.6 

Peas, dried .... 9.5 24.6 1.0 62.0 

SUGARS— 

Molasses 70.0 

Candy, plain 96.0 

Honey 81.0 

Sugar, granulated 100.0 

Maple Svrup 71.4 

MISCELLANEOUS— 

Chestnuts 16.0 37.8 5.2 4.5 35.4 

*From Farmers' Bulletin, No. 142, U. S. Dept. of Agriculture. 





1- 
u 

ai 
< 


"is 
> n 


0.4 


295 


3.1 


1265 


0.4 


125 


0.4 


150 


0.4 


230 


0.6 


220 


0.6 


150 


2.4 


1125 


1.2 


1275 


2.4 


1280 


0.1 


50 


0.5 


100 


1.1 


1515 


2.0 


1485 


0.4 


385 


1.1 


1430 


0.8 


1145 


0.7 


1465 


1.7 


1730 


0.5 


730 


0.6 


1250 


1.0 


1650 


1.8 


1645 


0.5 


1635 


0.9 


1640 


0.9 


1605 


0.7 


1620 


1.0 


1635 


1.3 


1680 


2.1 


1800 


3.5 


1520 


2.9 


1565 




1225 




1680 




1420 




1750 




1250 



1.1 915 



MEALS WITHOUT MEAT 382 

Uncocked Toed, 



By permission, the following is taken from 
"Solution of the Kitchen Problem, " published 
by K. W. Conable, the great exponent of un- 
cooked food. "The second step in the race up- 
ward, and in the line of physical and mental un- 
foldment, is found in what is known as the Un- 
cooked Food Diet — a diet composed entirely of 
uncooked foods, consisting of nuts, fruits, cereals 
and vegetables that are suitable for consumption 
without being cooked, milk, butter, vegetable 
oils, etc." 

FORMULAS. 

The following formulas are given for each of 
the seven days in the week, and they contemplate 
only two meals each day. Those who prefer to 
add or continue the morning meal (this one being 
omitted in giving these formulas) can do so. 
With the large amount of general information 
here given, it will not be difficult to prepare any 
number of meals. 

SUNDAY— FIRST MEAL— NOON. 

Fruit — Oranges. Nut loaf made in this way: 
Take one-half cupful ground almonds, one table- 
spoonful English walnuts — pounded coarse — one 
tablespoonful rolled oats — mix the whole togeth- 
er and moisten with sweet milk or water; season 
with celery salt and just a little pepper; let 
stand one-half hour in the sun; garnish with 
fresh green parsley and serve with thin slices of 
lemon. 



383 MEALS WITHOUT MEAT 

Banana Puree — Take four large bananas, 
mash fine; put th rough a wire sieve; mix with 
one pint sweet milk and one cup whipped cream. 

Lettuce Salad — Cut fine two cupfuls lettuce 
and two small onions; pour over it a dressing 
made by mixing one-half teaspoonful .ground 
mustard, just a speck of red pepper, with one- 
half teaspoonful lemon juice. Then mix all with 
one-fourth cupful Italian or California olive oil 
and beat two minutes. 

Vegetables— Green peas, young and fresh 
from the vines, served with sliced ripe tomatoes 
and seasoned with a little celery salt and pepper. 

SECOND MEAL. 

Por the second meal on the firvSt day, a nice 
dish of raspberries and a bowl of rolled wheat 
with milk or cream is ample. 

MONDAY— FIRST MEAL. 

Fruit — Purple grapevS. 

Nuts — Almonds, shelled. 

Vegetables — Cucumbers fresh from the 
vineSj peeled and cut in halves or quarters. 

Salad — Make a salad by cutting fine three 
cupfuls spinach, three onions and two or three 
sprigs of parsley and thyme. Pour over it dress- 
ing made as above. 

Dessert — Two tablespoonfuls flaked rice, one 
tablespoonful cream of wheat, mix together and 
vslice one banana finely and lay over the top. Pour 
over this sufficient milk or cream to suit taste. 
Here you have a dish that is at once wholesome 



MEALS WITHOUT MEAT 384 

and delicious. 

SECOND MKAL. 

A bowl of rolled oats with milk or cream, with 
plent}^ of dates or figs. 

TUESDAY— FIRST MEAL. 

Fruit — Peaches. 

Nuts — English walnuts. 

Nut Puree — Mix one cupful ground almonds, 
one-half cupful ground English walnuts and one 
banana with one quart sweet mrlk and let stand 
one-half hour. 

Salad — One cupful lettuce, one cupful spinach, 
one-fourth cupful white potatoes, one-fourth cup- 
ful carrots, two or three small onions and one 
cucumber. Chop all together fine and pour over 
it salad dressing already given. 

Vegetables — Small onions and radishes. 

SECOND MEAL. 

Cracked wheat soaked one-half hour in plenty 
of milk and eaten wnth the milk in which it was 
soaked. 

WEDNESDAY— FIRST MEAL. 

Fruit — Bananas. 

Main Dish — One can best sliced pineapple or 
one fresh pineapple sliced, one cupful each al- 
monds and English walnuts mixed and pounded 
coarse, two cupfulls rolled wheat. Place in the 
dish first a layer of pineapple, one of wheat then 



385 MEALS WITHOUT MEAT 

a layer of nuts and so on until the dish is filled. 

Salad — One cupful celery, one small onion, 
both chopped fine and mixed with one-half cup- 
ful Knglish walnuts pounded coarse. Pour over 
same salad dressing. 

Vegetables — Presh, ripe tomatoes, sliced. 

SECOND MKAL- 

FruiT — Bananas and raisins. 

THURSDAY— FIRST MEAL. 

pRUiT— Apples. 

Nuts — Mixed nuts, shelled. 

Salad — One cupful lettuce, one cupful cab- 
bage, one small onion, one apple, all chopped 
fine; season with celery salt, a tiny speck of red 
pepper and lemon juice. Pour over it whipped 
cream. 

Vegetables — Celery and fresh cucumbers. 

Dessert — Seeded raisins with whipped cream. 

SECOND MEAL. 
Flaked rice with milk and cream, and figs. 

FRIDAY— FIRST MEAL. 
Fruit— Cherries. 

Main Dish — Two cupfuls flaked rice, one cup- 
ful rolled wheat, four cupfuls dark sweet cherries 
pitted. Place in a dish a layer of cherries, then 
the mixed grain and so on until the dish is filled. 
Pour over it the juice from two cupfuls cherries. 



MEALS WITHOUT MEAT 386 

Salad — One cupful asparagus, one cupful 
cauliflower, one cupful celery, one-half cupful to- 
matoes, one small onion, all chopped fine. Pour 
over it dressing as before. 

Vegetables — Sliced cucumbers and onions. 

Dessert — E^qual parts grated cocoanuts and 
flaked rice, serv^ed with milk or whipped cream. 

SECOND MEAL. 
Rolled wheat with milk or cream; bananas. 

SATURDAY— FIRST MEAL. 
Fruit — Pears. 

Main Dish — Sliced plums, sliced peaches, sliced 
pears, sliced apples. Mix all together; place in 
dish layer of fruit and then layer of rolled wheat, 
and so on until dish is filled. 

Salad — Take any fruit desirable, chop it fine, 
pour over it a dressing made of whipped cream, 
seasoned with lemon juice, a little celery salt and 
small bit of red pepper. A few raisins chopped 
fine and beat up with the cream adds to the deli- 
cacy of the flavor. 

Vegetables — Sliced tomatoes, cucumbers. 

SECOND MEAL. 

Equal parts rolled wheat, rolled oats and flak- 
ed rice, served with milk or whipped cream. 

The foregoing formulas serve simply as a hint 
to the housekeeper as to possibilities before her. 

This is the hour for woman to grasp her op- 
portunity. Her days of slavery are at an end, 
if she so elects. 



387 MEALS WITHOUT MEAT 

lyealth Department 



'■Th^re is no excuse for invalidism, 
Go into training, breath deeply, eat little and well, tliink right and be well. 

"It is a disgrace in this enlightened age to be siclily and delicate." 

Ella Wheeler Wilcox. 



Learn the art of caring- for the hoUvSe you live 
in, not only the house that is built by hands, and 
shared with family and friends, but your soul 
house that is builded by thought. Think of the 
food you eat, not only as something that tastes 
good; not as something merely to gratify the ap- 
petite, but as something to build the body and 
keep it in repair. To keep these bodies in the 
best possible trim one must not only eat right, 
but breathe right, sleep right, and most impor- 
tant of all, THINK right and take systematic ex- 
ercivse. Dr. Peebles says: "All individuals are 
to a certain extent artists, painting their habits, 
thoughts and general conduct on their faces. 
Jealousy, envy, selfishness, dissatisfaction, an 
irritable disposition all print crows' feet inden- 
tations in the corners of the eyes, darken the 
vshadows, deepen the wrinkles, draw down the 
corners of the mouth and sharpen the features. 
Candor, integrity and cheerfulness exert the re- 
verse influences. Don't indulge in or listen to 
neighborhood gossip. If you have ill feelings 
toward a neighbor do them a kindness. The 
exercise of love and good will conduce to health 
and make earth a heaven now and here.'" 

BRKATHING, BATHING AND KXERCISK. 

Regular cold baths each morning, in pure wa- 
ter right from the well or hydrant — or spring is 



MEALS WITHOUT MEAT 388 

better if you have one — with at least two hot 
baths at iiig-ht each week just before retiring- for 
cleansing purposes (always using vegetable oil 
soap), are necessary to health and strength and 
happiness. It is impossible to radiate Sunshine 
when the pores of the bod}' are clogged up with 
deca3'ing matter, struggling- to find an outlet in 
advance of the Sunshine. And deep breathing- 
is also always necessary as a nerve stimulant 
and tonic for every portion of the body. That 
we may experience the full benefits of proper 
breathing we should always sleep in a room with 
the windows wide open and where there is per- 
fect ventilation, always using- as little clothing 
as possible and that of a light nature. Light 
exercise — never violent — should find favor with 
everyone. They are necessar}' to a healthful, 
vigorous body and mentality. The great bulk of 
all exercise should consist of tensing and relax- 
ing the muscles. The point is to tense all the 
muscles of the various portions of the body to 
the fullest extent of the physical ability for a few 
seconds and then allow them to relax until they 
give the sensation of being perfectly limp- But 
first, before tensing, you must take in a deep 
breath and hold it until 3^ou get ready to relax, 
then exhale slowly. You also carry the thoughts 
to the center of the muscles being tensed. But of 
course one cannot tense ALL the muscles of the 
body at one and the same time. Take the legs, 
for instance, first. Stand erect and tense all the 
muscles in the ankles, the calves, the knees and 
thighs. Keep them tensed for a few seconds 
and then relax. Repeat this for a half dozen 
times. Now stand erect with the head high up 
and well back and tense all the muscles of the 
waist, the chest and the back. Repeat six times, 



389 MEALS WITHOUT MEAT 

relaxing fully after each tensing motion. Now 
throw the head clear back and tense all the mus- 
cles of the neck. Beautifully shaped necks can 
be produced by this exercise. Now stretch the 
arms out, close the hands tightly and tense the 
muscles of the hands, the fingers, the wrists and 
the forearms. Repeat six times. Now hold the 
arms out straight, bending them at the elbows 
until the lower arms are perpendicular, hands 
open— tense all the muscles of the shoulders and 
biceps, gradually bringing the hands over until 
the fingers touch the shoulders. You also tense 
the muscles of the chest in this exercise. Repeat 
six times. Just before retiring is a good time to 
take these exercises. 

"Solution of Kitchen Problems." 

WATER. 

Water is one of the three life essentials, food and 
air being the other two, so it holds to reason that 
an intelligent use of water would promote health 
and longevity. Dr. Paul Kdwards, than whom 
we have no higher authority in the care of the 
body, says: "How shall we drink? Well, here 
is my rule: 'On arising each morning, I drink 
about two glasses of cold or hot water, which 
ever I desire, then at about ten o'clock I take 
two glasses more. Somewhere about three p. 
m. I take two more glasses, then on retiring at 
night, which is usually between nine and ten 
o'clock, I take as much more. The whole two 
glasses need not be taken at one draught but I 
manage to drink about two glasses near these 
hours. ' Water taken at these hours finds the 
stomach empty, and does not retard digestion. If 
one's stomach is flooded with water when food is 



MEALS WITHOUT MEAT 3<>0 

present nature partly or wholly suspends diges- 
tion until the water is absorbed by the stomach 
walls. This delay in digestion causes gas to 
form, the food will often vsour during its reten- 
tion in the stomach, and and we have an acid 
stomach which leads to facial neuralgia in many 
cases, and to other bodil}^ disturbances. Nearly 
every person who neglects to drink water in suf- 
ficient quantity is constipated, has a withered 
skin, poor memory, shortage of blood (anaemia) 
and a host of other troubles. Remember that 
water is one of the three life essentials and must 
be intelligently considered. Drink water as far 
from meals as possible, and never drink iced 
water. 

to Weigh Without Scaks. 



2 Tablespoonfuls Butter 1 ounce 

4 Tablespoonfuls Plour 1 ounce 

1 Rounding Tablespoolful Sugar 1 ounce 

Butter Size of an 'Eigg 1 V2 ounce 

1 Level Teacupful Butter ^2 pound 

1 Level Teacupful Sugar % pound 

2^4 Cupfuls Powdered Sugar 1 pound 

1 Quart Sifted Flour . 1 pound 

2% Cupfuls Brown Sugar 1 pound 

9 Large Kggs 1 pound 

12 Small Eggs 1 pound 

1 Pint Milk or Water 1 pound 



Our Jfdvertisers. 



We heartily commend to our friends and 
patrons our list of advertisers — we know them 
to be thoroughly reliable and worthy of your 
patronage. 

Arcade Stables Fresno 

Wilkins & Wilkins 

Barrett-Hicks Co Fresno 

Hardware 

Brady & Co Fowler 

General Merchandise 

Barnett Satitarium Fresno 

Cearlev, C. T Fresno 

Book Store 

Chaddock & Co Fowler 

Packing House 

Chamberlain, H. L Fresno 

Harness and Saddles 

Dexter Stables Fresno 

J. R. McKay 

Donahoo, Kmmons & Co Fresno 

Hardware 

Einstein & Co., Louis Fresno 

Dry Goods 

Fancher Creek Nurseries Fresno 

Plants and Trees 

Fowler Fnsign Fowler 

Fowler's Local Paper 

Fresno Really & Agencv Co Fresno 

Trutnan G. Hart, Presidrnt 



OUR AOVEKTtSERS 

Fresno Agricultural Works Fresno 

GifFen's Pharmacy • Fowler 

Roy Giffen 

Giffen & Co., L. F Fowler 

Packing House 

Gower, E Fowler 

Olive Oil 

Gregory & Co Fresno 

Automobiles 

Holland's Fresno 

China and Glassware 

Howard, L. D Fowler 

Painter and Paper Hanger 

Hoy Lee Fowler 

Chinese Supplies 

Lyon, W. Parker Fresno 

Furniture 

Lyons & Bowles Fresno 

Carriages and Harness 

Lyman, Frank Fresno 

Packing House 

Manley-Burnett Co Fowler 

General Merchandise 

Norton & Brunton Fresno 

Candv and Ice Cream 

Pacific Coast Seeded Raisin Co Fresno 

Poulson & Fd wards Fowler 

Meat Market 

Restaurant Fowler 

(t. B. Hamilton 

Saier, M Fresno 

Jewelry 

San Joacjuin Drugstore Fresno 

Sperry Flour Co -'Ji Fresno 

The Brunswick — Fresno 

Nelson Bros 
The Pacific Fruit World Los Angeles 



OUR ADVERTISERS 

Valley Lumber Co Fowler 

A. C. Palmer, Ag"ent 

Walters, C. L Fresno 

Real Estate 

Williams Bros Fowler 

Carriage and Agricultural Works 

Williams, D. H Fresno 

Furniture 

Williams, Dr Fresno 

Scalp Treatment Specialist 
Young-, Jordan Fowler 



ProUssionaL 



Cook, F. F Fresno 

Attorney 

Cockrill, Dr Fresno 

Dentist 
Crawford, Dr Fowler 

Phyvsician 
Long, Dr Fresn o 

Physician 
Morrison, Dr Fowler 

Physician 
Short, Frank H Fresno 

Attorney 

Thomas, Dr Fresno 

Dentist 
Wilson, Dr Fowler 

Physician 

Wolfe, Dr Fresno 

Dentist 



INDEX. 



A 

Almond Blanched 377 

Almond Cakes 220 

Almond C'arudy 347 

Almond Cream 337 

Almond Crusted Filling 218 

Almond Fried in Olive Oil... 377 

Almond Sandwich 159 

Almond Tee Cream 337 

Amber Sonp 32 

Ambrosia 274 

Ames Cake 186 

Ancholiv Sandwich 1.50 

Apple and Brown Bread 25.5 

Apple Boiled 317 

Apple Canned 316 

Apple Jelly 307 

Apple Nut and Celery Salad.. 113 

Apple Pie 283 

Apple Preserved 321 

Apple Pudding 256 

.Vpple Snow 372 

Apple Tea 359 

Apricot Butter 312 

Apricot Frozen 345 

Apricot Ice Cream 334 

Apricot Jelly 306 

Apricot Marmalade 312 

Artichokes 91 

Artichokes Stuffed 158 

Asparagas 92 

Asparagas Soup 33 

Asparagas Cream 92 

.\utnmu Cake 207 

S 

Bacon, broiled lightly 87 

Bacon, to cure 88 

Bacon, scrambled 87 

Baby Omelete 146 

Bacheldors Omelete 141 

Ball Flour 366 

Balls Veal 83 

Baked Cabbage 95 

Baked C'orn 97 

Baked Eggs 125 

Baked Eggs in tomato cupi. . .126 



Baked Hash .Spanish, 80 

Baked Ice Cream 337 

Baked Milk 362 

Baked Potatoes 100 and 101 

Baked Peppers 101 

Baked Raisin Pudding 269 

Baking Powder Biscuit 22 

Banana Fritters 144 

]5arbery Tarts 284 

Banana Cup 301 

Barley Jelly 365 

X eans and Olive Oil 93 

Beans, Lima 92 

Beans, Spanish 92 

Beans. String 93 

Beans, Mexican 93 

Bean Soup 33 

Bisque 336 

Blackberry Jam 309 

Blackberry Jeily 304 

Blackberry Spiced 328 

Pdack Pudding I 246 

Black Pudding II 246 

Pdood Orange Sherbut 340 

Breakfast Puffs 22 

Broth, Scotch 85 

Broth. Chicken .362 

Broth, Egg 364 

lirussels Sprouts 94 

jiraius 90 

Buns, Shearing "28 

Butter Scotch I 350 

Butter Scotch IT .350 

Bererages 296 

BREAD— 

T^oston Brown 17 

T^oston Steam 17 

I^oiled Brown 18 

Brown 17 

Corn 18 

Corn Bread, soft 19 

Corn Cake 19 

Good light 13 

Graham No. I 19 

Graham No. IT 19 

Graham Yeast Bread .... 14 



INDEX 



Kgg 22 

Raisin 14 

Eice 20 

Salt Rising 14 

Salt, light 15 

Stotch 21 

Scalded 21 

Simple Graham 20 

Steamed Brown 21 

Whole Wheat 13 

Batter Bread 23 

Belgian Hare (smothered) ... 68 

Bel;;ian Hare (fried) (57 

Bird (smothered) 69 

Biscuit (s])oon ) 29 

BEEF— 

a la mode 75 

<'roqiiette Eice and Meat. 79 

Beef Pie (cottage) 78 

Fillet of (Spanisli) 74 

Loaf 76 

Minced 77 

Omelet 78 

Pot Pie 79 

Steak Stuffed 81 

To make tender 82 

Toast 364 

Tea 360 

Spiced 82 

Raw Juice 365 

C 

(!abhage 94 

Cabbage (baked) 95 

CAKES 178 

Ames 186 

Angel 202 

Barstow 192 

Black Chocolate 189 

Bread 198 

Bride's 179 

Buttermilk 199 

Cake without eggs 199 

Chocolate Nut 203 

Citron Loaf 188 

Clove 188 

Cocoanut ] 87 

Cold Water 197 

Cream Sponge 201 

Delicate . . /. 190 

Delicious , r , • , 196 



Dump 198 

Empress 193 

Feather 193 

Fig 184 

Five Cent No. 1 200 

Five Cent No. 2 200 

German Coffee Coke .... 193 

Gold 195 

Good Plain Cake 190 

Harrison Cake . . •. 183 

Hartford Election 178 

Hickory Nut 203 

Imitaiion Pound 192 

Lady Cake 196 

Measure Fruit 181 

Mrs. Dewey 's Sponge Cake 201 

No Egg Fruit Cake 182 

Old Fashioned Cake 203 

Plain Cake 197 

Potato Cake 189 

Queen 's Cake 191 

Railroad Cake 187 

Raisin Cake 184 

Eaisin Loaf 18^ 

Rice 191 

Rich 185 

Scotch Pound Cake 185 

Scripture l-'^'S 

Silver 195 

Sour Cream Cake 18f 

Sponge Cake No. 1 186 

Sponge Cake No. 2 201 

Sponge Cake Our Grand- 
mothers used to make . . 202 

Spreckles 187 

Strawberry Short Cake .'.199 

Tip Top .". 188 

Tumbler Fruit Cake 181 

Velvet Cake No. 1 193 

Velvet Cake No. 2 197 

Walnut 202 

Water Sponge 200 

Wedding 179 

Wedding Fruit 183 

Whist 196 

White Cake No. 1 192 

White Cake No. 2 193 

White Cake No. 3 193 

White Fruit Cake 180 

White Mountain No. 2 191 

White Mountain No. 1 ... 190 



INDEX 



LAYER CAKES— 

Autiinin 207 

Hanann 204 

(Jarmcl 204 

Chocolate Nougat 212 

Cream 206 

Devil's Food No. 1 2ir 

Devil's J'ood No. 2 218 

Devil's Food No. 3 214 

Eggless Cake 219 

French Cream Cake 209 

German Pastry 208 

Gold Medal French Cream 21.'5 

Jelly Rolls 208 

Layer Cake 205 

Lemon 214 

Minnehaha 207 

Mocha 20r 

Nice Layer Cake . 20(i 

Nut Cake 2' ' 

Orange 21.' 

Eaisin Cake 20 

Ribbon 20o 

Walnut No. 1 210 

Walnut No. 2 211 

White Fruit Layer 21 ( 

World 's Fair Cake 21-^ 

Tanglefoot Cakes 234 

Rice Cake 3f53 

ICING— 

Boiled Icing 216 

Chocolate No. 1 217 

Cho'^olate No. 2 217 

Colored 217 

Golden Frosting 217 

Milk Frosting 218 

Orange Frostijig 217 

Plain Frosting 216 

PILLING- 

Almond Custard Filling.. 218 

Fig Filling 219 

Maple Caramel Filling . . .218 

CANDY 347 

Almond 347 

Brittle 349 

Butter Scotch No. 1 ....350 . 

Butter Scotch No. 2 350 

Chocolate Creams 348 



('hocolate Caramels 352 

Chocolate Peppermints ..357 

Cocoanut Creams 349 

Cream Candy No. 1 350 

Cream Candy No. 2 35] 

( ream Chocolate Crramels 351 

Cream Dates 349 

Cream TaflPy 351 

French Cream No. 1 

(cooked) 347 

French Cream No. 2 

(uncooked) 348 

Fudge No. 1 352 

Fudge No. 2 :j;)3 

Fudge No. 3 3.53 

Ice Cream Candy 356 

Maple Cream . ." 353 

Molasses Candy No. 1 . . . 355 
Molasses Candy No. 2 . . .355 

Molasses Taffy 35,5 

Panoche No. 1 354 

Panoche No. 2 3.54 

Persian Delight 3.54 

Popcorn Balls 356 

Praulines 354 

Walnut Caramels 3.52 

Candied Orange Peel 324 

< 'anned Apples 3i(; 

( anned Pie Plant 316 

Caned Pine Apple 318 

Canned Plums 317 

(,'anned Pumpkin 316 

Canned Quinces 3] 6 

(!anned Raspberries 315 

Canned Strawberries 315 

Canned Tomatoes 317 

C;(nning 314 

Cantalouj)e Frozen 344 

Caper Sauce 171 

Caramel Sauce 

Carrots 9.5 

Carrots, Creamed 95 

Carrots, French method <' 

(Carrots Lyonaise 96 

Carrots, Pickled 325 

Carrot Pudding 256 

Catsup, Grape 

Catsup, Tomato 328 

Cauliflower, Au Gratin 96 

(.'auliflower, f^scalloped 97 

Celery, Stewed 97 



INDEX 



Charlotte, Orange or Straw- 

herry 343 

( !hcese, buns 145 

Cheese, bnns 145 

Cheese, Cottage 146 

Cheese, 'Fonda 146 

Cheese, Straws 147 

Chess Pie 284 

CHICKEN— 

With Asparagus 51 

Boned 54 

Broth 362 

Cream of 55 

Fricasseed 59 

Fried Spring 59 

Italian 56 

Jelled 60 

Minced 367 

With Oysters 56 

Panada 364 

Pie No. I 57 

Pie No. II 58 

Pot Pie No. I 5; 

Pot Pie No. 2 5P 

Pressed No. I 60 

Pressed No. II 6(' 

Eoast 61 

Eoast with green peas ... 56 

Stew 56 

Stewed 6 

Chips, Pear 324 

CHOCOLATE— 

Blanch Mange 274 

Cream 2Q4 

Pie 286 

Drop Cakes 227 

Pie No. I 288 

Pie No. 11 288 

Pudding, cold 273 

Chutney, Plum 327 

Cider Sauce 177 

Citron Loaf 188 

Clam Broth 147 

Cocoanut Kisses 227 

Cocoanut Pyramids 228 

COFFEE 296 

Fig 296 

Frappe 333 and 341 

Iced 300 

Ice Cream 335 



(old Jam 310 

Cold Slaw 112 

( 'omparative Table of Food 

Values 381 

Concentrated Food 359 

COOKIES— 

No. I 221 

No. IT 221 

No. in 222 

No. IV 222 

No. V 222 

No. VI 223 

Chocolate 224 

Citron 223 

Cream 224 

Fruit 224 

Ginger No. 1 225 

Ginger No. TI 225 

Honey 225 

Pvolled Oats 226 

Walnut No. i 226 

Walnut No. TI 226 

CORN— 

Baked 97 

Southern style 98 

Southern Green 96 

Beef, Hash 148 

Bread 18 

Bread, soft 19 

Cake 19 

Cake, scalded 21 

Meal Gruel 361 

Oysters 96 and 97 

Starch Custard 273 

Tea 361 

Cottage Pie 78 

Crabapple Preserves 321 

Crackers and Wine 368 

(Cranberry Sauce 171 

Cream Baked Potatoes .... 

CREAM— 

Biscuit 23 

Fritters 144 

Pineapple 346 

Puffs 285 

Rice Pudding 262 

Sago Pudding 259 

Slaw ■ 120 



INDEX 



. oda 30C 

Snow 36 

Of Spinage 40 

Taffy 351 

CROQUETTES— 

Chicken 148 

Beef 79 

Hominy 148 

Meat " 149 

Mushrooins 149 

Nuts 370 

Rice 374 

Rice and Meat 149 

Salmon 46 

Croutons 377 

Crullers No. I 228 

Crullers No. II 228 

Cucumber Pieklos, rij)e 325 

Cucumber in oil 329 

Curried Eggs 128 

Curried Lobster 150 

Curried Potatoes 100 

Currant Ice 338 

Currant preserved 319 

Currant spiced 327 

Custard Pie 285 

Custard Tartlets 284 

Cutlets, Lintel 375 

D 

Dressing for Cold Slaw 110 

Drink (A Delicious Summer) .298 

Dressing (A Cream) ]65 

Duck, Wild, Roasted 66 

Duck, Mallard, Mock 86 

Dumpling 151 

Daisy Salad 113 

Dandelion Wine 298 

Deviled Eggs 133 

Devil's Food No. 1 213 

Devil's Food No. 2 213 

Devil's Food No. 3 214 

Deviled Crabs 51 

Doughnuts No. 1 229 

Doughnuts No. 2 229 

Doughnuts No. 3 229 

Doughnuts No. 4 229 

Drawn Butter Gravy 171 

Dried Pea Soup 35 

Drink for sick 359 

Dried Fruit to Cook 330 



Dried Peaches to Peel 3.30 

Droftped Fish Balls 47 

Dressing for Turkey and Roast 
Meats *. 64 

E 
EGGS— 

A la Cream, No. 1 129 

A la Cream, No. 2 130 

A la Swisse 137 

Balls 40 

Balls 132 

Bread 22 

Broth 364 

Baked 125 

Boiled 125 

Baked in Tomato Cuj)s . . .126 

Chowder 132 

Creamed, No. 1 129 

Creamed, No. 2 129 

Creamed, No. 3 130 

Curried 128 

Deviled, No. 1 133 

Deviled, No. 2 133 

Fried 127 

Fried, with Ham 127 

Gems 135 

Hen's Nest 136 

How to Economize 124 

on Foam 135 

Plant 98 

Sandwich, Nos 1, 2, 3, 160-161 

Sauce 176 

Sauce for Fish 52 

Salad 113 

Snow 135 

Snow and Custard 136 

Soup 35 

Toast 128 

rOnchiladas 166 

Escalloped Cauliflower 97 

Escalloped Potatoes 101 

Lemonade No. 1 297 

Lemonade No. 2 298 

Lemonade No. 3 360 

Milk Toast 150 

Poached 126 

Poached in Tomatoes ... .127 

Pickled No. 1 134 

Pickled No. 2 134 

Preserved No. 1 122 

I'reserve.l No. 2 124 



INDEX 



Preserved No. 3 124 

Stuffed 13? 

Scrambled 126 

To Color for Easter 137 

With Creamed Beef or 

Codfish 131 

With Creamed Potatoes. .13] 

With Fried Potatoes 131 

With Onions 132 

F 

FIG— 

Marmalade No. 1 312 

Marmalade No. 2 322 

Coffee 296 

Filling for Cake 219 

Pudding No. 1 252 

Pudding No. 2 353 

Pudding No. 3 343 

Figs Preserved 322 

FISH— 

Baked Fish No. 1 43 

Baked Fish No. 2 43 

Fish Chowder 47 

Droped Fish Balls 47 

Halibut, Boiled 42 

Halibut Steaks, Baked ... 42 

Fish Patties 48 

Fish Pickled 47 

Salmon, Baked 44 

Salmon, Baked, fresh .... 44 

Salmon, Croquettes 46 

Salmon Creams 44 

Salmon Cream No. 1 45 

Salmon Cream No. 2 45 

Salmon Escalloped 44 

Salmon Loaf 46 

Omelette 46 

Turbot 43 

Fruit (timetable for cooking). 315 
Fruit Punch 299 

FROZEN— 

Pudding 342 

Punch (Marashino) 344 

Cantelope 344 

Apricots 345 

Strawberries 345 

Flaxseed Lemonade 360 

Flour Balls 366 

Food for Invalids 358 



Food Values (Table) 381 

Frappe Coffee 'Ml 

Food Milk . ..; 366 

Fool Orange 364 

Frappe Coffee 341 

French Pancakes 24 

French Hollandaise 175 

FRITTERS— 

Banana 144 

Cream 144 

Oyster 48 

G 

Grape Fruit Salad Ill 

Grape Catsup 

Grapes, Preserved Isabella ..317 

Grape Puice Punch 299 

Grape Jellv No. 1 305 

Grape Jelly No. 2 305 

Grape Jelly No. 3 306 

Grape Jelly No. 4 306 

Gravy for Roasted Meats . . . 172 

Graham Yeast Bread 14 

Graham Light Bread No. 1 . . ir 
Graham Light Bread No. 2 . . 19 

Graham Gems 25 

Ginger Drops 230 

Ginger Ale Julep 301 

Ginger Snaps 230 

Gingered Peaches 329 

Good Light Bread 13 

Grape Water Ice 337 

Grape Isabelle 317 

Grape Juice Punch 299 

Grape Juice 366 

Grape Jellv 305 

Grape Butter 322 

Game 54 

Gems No. 1 24 

Gems No. 2 24 

Genuine Mexican Beans 93 

Gim Gam 323 

Ginger Bread, soft. No. 1 231 

Ginger Bread, soft, No. 2 231 

Ginger Bread, sour milk 231 

Ginger Oatmeal and Raisins.. 232 

Ginger Cake 1 232 

Ginger Cake 233 

Granits 333 

Green Corn, baked 96 

Gruel 362 



INDEX 



Gruel Corn Meal 361 

(imn Arabic Water 3li() 

H 

Ham, A Way to Fix 90 

Ham Sandwiclies 161 

Ham, boiled 89 

Hamburg Steak 150 

Hamburger Roast 76 

Plalibut Stake, baked 42 

Halibut, Boned 42 

Harlequin Pie 281 

Hash, baked Spanish 8' 

Hash, Heavenly 119 

Hash, Corn Beef 14.'- 

Health Department 387 

Hen's Nest 13( 

Honey, Quiuce 323 

Hot Chocolate Sauce 336 

Hallandaise Sauce for fish ... 53 
How to Economize with eggs .124 
How to Make a Round Stake 

tender 73 

How to Peel Dried Peaches. . 330 
Hot Weather Yeast 12 

I 

ICE CREAM— 

Peach 335 

Philadelphia 333 

Almond 337 

Baked or Alaska 337 

Xeopolitan 333 

No. 1 334 

No. 2 334 

Apricot 334 

Coffee 335 

One Gallon 33." 

Lemon 335 

Taffy 35(' 

ICE— 

Grape Water 337 

Currant 338 

Lemon 338 

Orange Water 339 

Strawberry No. 1 339 

Strawberry No-. 2 339 

Teed Coffee . .". 300 

Indian Succotash 103 

Isabella Grapes 31' 

Ice Water 33 



J. 
JAM— 

Blackberry 309 

Cranberry 309 

Cold . . .' 31( 

Pineapple 310 

Raspberry 310 

Strawberry 310 

JELLY— 

Apple 307 

Apricot 306 

Blackberry 304 

Crabapple No. 1 307 

Crabapple i\o. 2 307 

Currant 305 

Lemon 30^ 

Peach 309 

Plum 306 

Quince No. 1 308 

Quince No. 2 308 

.Jellied Chicken 60 

Grape No. 1 305 

Grape No. 2 306 

Green Grape 305 

Ripe Grape 306 

Peach with Geletin 309 

Orange 308 

Barley 365 

Junket 365 

.John's Delight Pudding 248 

.Julep Ginger Ale 301 

.Juice Grape 366 

.Tumbles (Texas) 239 

.Tuice Raw Beef 365 

L 
LEMON— 

Pie No. 1 289 

Pie No. 2 290 

Ice 338 

Roll 265 

Puddings 258 

Dumpling 264 

Cheese Cakes 286 

Sherbet 340 

.Telly 304 

Lime Water 365 

LEMONADE 297 

1-^gg No. 1 297 

Egg No. 2 298 



INDEX 



Egg No. 3 360 

Flaxseed 360 

Pineapple 297 

Lentils Cutlets 375 

Lime Water No. 1 365 

Lime Water No. 2 365 

Lima Beans 92 

Liver Frio, Italano 87 

Lobster Salad 120 

Lobster, Curried 150 

Loquat Pie 290 

Lyonase Carrots 96 

M 

Muffins, Southern Corn 29 

Muffins, Whole Wheat 29 

MUSHROOMS 155 

Baked 156 

Croquettes 149 

Sauce 174 

Stewed 15' 

Mutton Curry 88 

Mutton, To Cure 88 

Macaroons 233 

Macaroons, Chocolate 235 

Maple Cream Candy 35.^ 

Maple Caramel Filling 218 

Maple Sauce 177 

Marguerites 235 

Marischino Frozen Punch . . . .34 

MARMALADE— 

Apricot 31' 

Fig 312 

Orange 311 

Pineapple 312 

Marshmallow Cream Pudding 344 

Mayonnaise Dressing IIC 

Meats Without Meat 369 

MEAT 7] 

Balls 7\ 

Croquettes 71 

Loaf 7( 

Omelet 78 

Pie 7! 

Pot Pie 151 

Potted 78 

Meats and Their Accompani- 
ments 89 



Medicinal Properties of Vege- 
tables 378' 

Mexican Beans 93 

MILK— 

Baked 36L 

Food 366 

Frosting 218 

Porridge 361 

Eelish 365 

Sago 360 

Mince Meat 291 

Mince Meat, English 392 

Minced Meat 77 

Mince Pie 291 

Mince Pie, Mock 290 

Minced Oysters 157 

Molasses Candy No. 1 355 

Molasses Candy No. 2 355 

Molasses Taffy 355 

Moonshiners 234 

Mousse 342 

Mousse and Strawberry 341 

Muffins 2: 

Muffins, Eice 21 

N 

Neapolitan Ice Cream 333 

Noodle Soup 36 

Nothings 236 

NUT— 

Butter 376 

Butter Sandwiches 161 

Cheese Sandwiches 162 

Cake 211 

Cakes 236 

Crisps 236 

Croquettes 370 

Kisses 235 

Loaf 373 

Salad 117 

Sandwiches, No. 1, 2 .161-162 
Sandwiches with Fruit But- 
ter 163 

Nuttose Timbales 376 

Nuts, Pepper 236 

OYSTER— 

Oysterretts 152 

Chowder, No. 1 and 2. . . . 49 
Cocktail No. 1 151 



INDEX 



Cocktail No. 2 152 

Corn No. 1 96 

Corn No. 2 97 

Escalloped 50 

Fried 50 

Fritters 48 

Minced 157 

Poiilettes 158 

Patties 49 

Sandwich 163 

(Smothered) 51 

(Sauce) 'y~ 

OMELET— 

Sweet V ith Berries 142 

Tomato 139 

Vegetable 139 

With Asparagus Tips . . . .139 

With Herbs 141 

Onion Soup 37 

ORANGE— 

Blanc Mange 279 

Cups 280 

Cream 2V6 

Charlotte 343 

Fool 364 

Jelly 308 

Marmalade No. 1, 2, 3 . . .311 

Orangeade 336 

Orange Pie No. 1, 2 292 

Punch 302 

Peel (Candied) 324 

Quarters 279 

Water Ice 339 

Whey 359 

Oatmeal Tea 360 

Okra 36 

Oil Pickle 325 

Old Time Syllabul) 297 

Omelet 137 

OMELETTES— 

Bachelos 141 

Baby 146 

Cheese 142 

Ham 141 

Jam •. 143 

Meat 78 

Orange 143 

Oyster No. 1, 2 140 

Plain 138 



Plain or Fancy 139 

Rice No. 1 142 

Rice No. 2 363 

Salmon 46 

Shrimp 140 

Sweet Potatoes 155 

Suet No. 1 and 2 245 

Tapioca Cream 260 

Custard 260 

Fruit 260 

Jelly 281 

The Bannock 252 

Transparent 266 

Pancakes 2ti 

Pancakes, French 24 

Pancakes^ Potato 27 

Parinda 362 

Panada 3(i2 

Panada, Chicken 364 

Panoche No. 1 3.14 

Panoche No. 2 354 

Parker House Rolls 26 

Parsnip (fried) OS 

Paste Raisin . . .376 

Pepper Nuts 23() 

Patties, Oyster 49 

Persian Delight 3." t 

Peach cobbler 293 

Peach gingerer 329 

Peach Jelly and Ceiatiue 309 

Pear Chips 324 

Peppers, baked 101 

Peppers, stuffed 154 

Philadelphia Ice Cream 333 

Pineapple Cream 346 

Pineapple Jam 310 

Pineapple Lemonade 297 

Pineapple Marmalade 312 

Piccalilly 328 

PICKLED— 

Eggs No. 1 and 2 134 

Fish 47 

Carrots 325 

Cucuniibers, ripe 325 

Cucumbers, sweet 325 

Peaches 325 

Pineapple 327 

Tomatoes 326 

Tomatoes, whole 328 

Tomatoes, green 324 

Tomatoes, sweet 326 

Pigeon Roast 65 



INDEX 



PIE— 

Apple 283 

Raisin and Cranberry ....280 

Whip Cream 287 

Chocolate No.| 1 and 2....28S 

Coeoanut 288 

( 'ream 28'.) 

Harlequin 289 

Lemon No. 1 28!) 

Lemon No. 2 2!)0 

Lo Inst 290 

Mince 291 

Mock Mince 290 

Orange 292 

Peach 293 

Pumpkin 293 

Rhubarb 293 

Raisin No. 1, 3, 3 294, 295 

Rai.?in and Cranberry .... 294 

Raspberry 294 

Wash Day SO 

Cottage 78 

Cheese 284 

Pie Plant Sauce 323 

Pimento Morrenos 157 

Plain Frosting 210 

PLUM— 

Butter 312 

Canned 

Chutnev 327 

Jelly .' 300 

Pocket Book 20 

Pop Corn Balls . 350 

Popups 27 

Porridge Milk 301 

Porkchop, Southern style .... 80 

Poulenes 85 

Praulines 354 

P 

POTATOES— 

Balls 101 

Sweet Potato Balls 152 

Baked, mashed. . .100 and 101 

Boiled, plain 99 

Cold 148 

Cream 99 

Creamed 153 

Cake 189 

Curried 100 

Escalloped 101 



Fried whole 102 

Kidney 103 

Yeast No. 1 and 2. .11 and 12 

Pancakes 27 

Souffle 100 

Surprise 153 

Sweet Croquettes 98 

Sweet Balls 152 

With Cheese 153 

PRESERVES— 

Apple 320 

Crabapple 321 

Currants 319 

Figs 322 

Grapes 322 

Oranges 319 

Pears 318 

Peaches 319 

Plums 318 

Quinces 321 

Tomato, ripe 320 

Strawberry 319 

Watermelon 320 

Pressed Veal 83 

PUNCH— 

Grape Juice 299 

Fruit 299 

Marnschim Frozen 344 

Orange 302 

Roman 344 

Prune Drink 290 

Puflfs, Breakfast 22 

Puree of Peas 38 

PUDDING 278 

Ambrosia 278 

Anna Coffins 274 

Apple 256 

Apple and Brown Bread. .255 

Batter 251 

Boiled Ginger 267 

Black No. 1 and 2 246 

Bread Boiled 248 

Bread No. 1 261 

Bread No. 2 274 

Buttermilk 255 

Christmas Plum No. 1 241 

Christmas Plum No. 2 242 

Christmas Plum No. 3 242 



INDEX 



Cabinet 246 

California Snow 261 

Carrot 256 

Caramel 271 

Chocolate No. 1 and 2 . . . .263 

Chocolate Cream 264 

Chocolate Cokl 273 

Chocolate Souffle 263 

Chocolate Blanc Mange. . .274 

Cocoanut 268 

Cornmeal 251 

Corn Starch Custard ....273 

Cream Eice 262 

Cream Sago 259 

Date 256 

Danish 277 

Delicate 272 

Deep Peach 254 

Dried Fig 253 

Dried Apricot Roly Poly. .254 

Easy Lemon Sponge 276 

Excellent Suit 245 

Fig No. 1 252 

Eig No. 2 253 

Fig No. 3 343 

Frozen 242 

Fruit 275 

Floating Island 262 

Fruit Jelly 281 

Graham No. 1 249 

Graham No. 2 249 

Graham No. 3 250 

Ginger Boiled 267 

Graham Fruit 250 

Iced Rice 280 

John 's Delight 248 

Kiss 261 

Lemon Poll 265 

Lemon Dumplings 264 

Lemon No. 1 258 

Lemon No. 2 279 

Minute 269 

Mother Eves 266 

Marshmallow Cream 278 

One, Two, Three, Four . . .257 

Orange 258 

Old Fashioned Rice 262 

Orange Cream 276 

Orange Cup 280 

Orange Quarters 279 

Orange Blanc Mange . . . .279 



Peach 280 

Pineapple Sponge 275 

Plum 243 

Plum, no eggs 244 

Pot Pourri 257 

Prune No. 1 269 

Prune No. 2 270 

Prune No. 3 272 

Prune Whip 271 

Queen No. 1 257 

Queen No. 2 258 

Raisin Baked 269 

Puffs 247 

Custard 268 

Rice 265 

Russian Cream 277 

Sago : 259 

Sago and Fruit 272 

Sea Foam 275 

Snow Pudding 273 

Spiced Meat 244 

Steam 247 

Steamed 247 

Strawberry Puffs 271 

Strawberry 265 

Stuffed Apples 267 

Quail on Toast 65 

Quail Pie 65 

Queen Muffins 27 

Queen Pudding No. 1 ^57 

Queen Pudding No. 2 258 

Queen Pudding No. 2 (frozen) 343 

Quince Honey 323 

Quince Jelly No. 1 . .^ 323 

Quince Jelly No. 2 323 

Rennet Whey 360 

Rhubard Pie 293 

Rhubard 103 

Rice, Browned 367 

Raisin 363 

Bread 20 

Croquetts 374 

Cake 191 and 3(i:; 

Meat Croquetts 79 

Omelet 363 

Muffins 25 

Waffers 30 

Relish Milk 365 

Rockies 237 

Rock Cakes 237 

Roast Walnut 371 



INDEX 



Roman Punch 344 

Eoast Vegetables 373 

Rusk 27 

Railroad Cake 187 

R 
RABBIT— 

To Cook Young 68 

Fried 66 

Fricaseed 66 

Pie 68 

Roasted 67 

Stew 66 

RAISIN— 

And Cranberry Pie 294 

Rice . .' 265 

Bread 14 

Custard Pudding 268 

Cake and Cake Loar . . . .184 

Cake, layer 208 

Puff 247 

And Rice 265 

Porridge 38 

Paste 376 

Pie No. 1 294 

Pie No. 2 294 

Pie No. 3 295 

RASPBERRY— 

Pie 295 

Shurbut 299 

Vinegar 300 

Jam 310 

Canned 315 

S 
SANDWICHES— 

Almond 159 

Anchovy 159 

Cheese No. 1 159 

Cheese No. 2 160 

Corned Beef 160 

Cream Dressing 165 

Egg No. 1 160 

Egg No. 2 160 

Egg No. 3 160 

Fruit 161 

Ham 161 

Nut and Chicken 161 



Nut Butter Dressing 162 

Nut No. 1 161 

Nut No. 2 162 

Nut and Cheese ]62 

Nut and Fruit 16.S 

Oyster 163 

Olive No. 1 163 

Olive No. 2 163 

Peanut 163 

Pickle 16^' 

Shrimp 164 

Tomato 16 

Walnut No. 1 164 

Walnut No. 2 165 

SAUCES— 

A simple brown 172 

Capre Bechamel 176 

Caramel 177 

Celery 173 

Cream Sauce for Cro- 
quettes 173 

Cranberry 172 

Cider 177 

Egg 176 

French Hollandaiso 175 

Hollandaise 53 

Mint 173 

Mushroom 174 

Maple Sauce 177 

Ovster 175 

Parsley 176 

Sauce "for Souffle 84 

Spanish 168 

Spanish Sauce (pudding).. 176 

Tartare No. 1 . .175 

Tartare No. 2 175 

Tartare for fish 53 

Tartare Tomato 174 

Onion 174 

SALADS— 

Apple, Nut and Celery . . 113 

Chicken 121 

Corned Beef 120 

Cream Salmon 116 

Cucumber and Onion . . . .114 
Cucumber and Tomato . . .112 

Cold Slaw 112 

Cream Slaw 120 

Daisy 113 



INDEX 



Egg 113 

Fish 114 

Fruit No. 1 118 

Fruit No. 2 118 

Fruit No. 3 118 

(irape Fruit Ill 

Heavenly Hash 119 

Lobster* 120 

Nut 117 

Peanut 112 

Potato No. 1 115 

Potato No. 2 115 

Potato No. 3 116 

I'otato No. 3 116 

I'olato No. 4 119 

Salmon No. 1 121 

Salmon No. 2 122 

Salmon and Cucumber . . .121 

Shrimp No. 1 117 

Shrimp No. 1 117 

Shrimp No. 2 117 

Waldorf Astoria Ill 

Walnut 112 

SALAD DRESSINGS 107 

Boiled, No. 1 105 

Boiled No. 2 100 

Boiled, for Vegetable Sal- 
ads 108 

Cooked No. 1 106 

Cooked No. 2 106 

Cream 109 

Cream Sauee for Lettuce 

or Cabbage 108 

Dressing for Cold Slaw. . .110 

French Dressing 108 

Fruit '. 119 

Croop of Salads Ill 

Mayonaisc 110 

Cream Salad Ill 

Salad Dressing No. 1 . . . .107 

Salad Dressing No. 2 108 

Salad Sauce 107 

Uncooked Salad Dre.ssing 108 

SALMON— 

Baked No. 1 43 

Baked No. 2 44 

Cream 44 

Creamed No. 1 45 

Creamed No. 2 45 



Croquette 46 

Escalloped 44 

Loaf 46 

Omelet 46 

Sally Bunn 28 

Sago for Invalids 359 

Sago Milk , 360 

SCOTCH— 

Broth 85 

Bread 21 

Tomato Scones 159 

Scornes 238 

Short Bread 238 

Shearing Buns 28 

Sardines 52 

SHERBET— 

Blood Orange 340 

Lemon 340 

Mixed Fruit 340 

Pineapple 341 

Strawberry 340 

White Velvet 341 

Shrimp, Creamed 53 

Shrimp Croquettes 157 

Snip Doodles 239 

Snow Apple 372 

Snow Cream 367 

Snow Eggs 135 

Snow Eggs and Custard l.")6 

Soda Cream 300 

Sorbet 33X, 

Southern Corn Muffins 29 

SPANISH DISHES— 

Enshilades 1 66 

Tomales 167 

Tongue and Spanish Sauce 165 

Spanish Sauce 168 

Spanish Sauce (Pudding) 176 

STRAWBERRY— 

Frozen 345 

Syrup 302 

Ice No. 1 339 

Ice No. 2 339 

Canned 310 

Jam 310 

Preserve 319 

Squab Pie 69 



INDEX 



>S(juirrel Pot I'ic; 69 

String Beans 93 

String Beans (excellent) 154 

Snceatash 102 

Bweet Breads, fried 15f 

SOUP— 

Amiier 32 

Asparagus 33 

Bean \ 33 

Ch'eam of CJelery 34 

(!ream of Spinach 40 

Chicken 34 

Clam 34 

Dried Pea 35 

Egg 35 

Egg Balls No. 2 U 

Fish 35 

Mock Bisque 35 

Milk Tomato 36 

Noodle 36 

Okra 36 

Onion 37 

Philapelphia Pepper Pot. 37 

Pouree of Peas .38 

Eaisin Porridge 38 

Tomato '. 38 

Vegetable 39 

White Almond 39 

White Potato 39 

T 

To Cook Eggs in Shell 363 

To Prepare Bread Crumbs . . . .377 

To Weigh Without Scales 390 

Time Table for Cooking Vege- 
tables 104 

Tomales 167 

Tomatoes a la Creme 103 

Tomatoes, Canned 317 

TOMATO— 

Catsup 328 

Omelet 139 

Pickle 326 

Pickle (green) 324 

Pickle (Sweet) 326 

Tomatoes Preserved (Ripe) . . .320 

Tomato Sauce 52 

Tomato Soup 38 

Tomatoes Stuffed 102 

Tomatoes Whole 328 



Tongue in Aspic Jelly No. 1.. 88 
Tongue in Aspic Jelly No. 2. . 88 
Tongue with Spanish Sauce ..165 

TURKEY— 

Koast, New England style o2 

Roast No. 2 63 

Dressing with Oyster .... 64 

Dressing for 64 

Raisin Stuffing 61 

Vegetables No. 1 375 

Vegetables No. 2 375 

Turbot Fish , 43 

Tutti Fruitti 278 

Tanglefoot Cakes 2.34 

Taffy Ice Cream 356 

Taffy Molasses 355 

TAPIOCA— 

Cream 260 

Custard 260 

Fruit , 260 

Jelly 281 

Tartlet Custard 284 

Tartare Sauce (for fish) 53 

TEA— 

Apple 359 

Beef 360 

Corn 36] 

Oatmeal 360 

Texa- Jund)lcs 239 

Toast 362 

Beef 364 

Water 360 

V 
VEAL— 

Balls 83 

IMarbled 85 

Souffle 84 

Souffle (Sauce lor) 84 

Pressed 83 

Stuffed with green peas . . 82 

Wash Day Pie 80 

A^enison Stew 70 

Venison Steak 70 

Venison Eib Roasted 70 



INDEX 



VEGETABLE— 

Pot Pie 372 

Roast with Gravy 373 

Soup 39 

Vegetables 91 

Vinegar Easpberry 201 

Vegetable Turkey- No. 1 375 

Vegetable Turkey No. 2 375 

W 

Waffles 30 

Waffles (Rioc) 30 

\\'afers (C'hoeolate) 230 

Wafers (Walnut) 240 

WALNUT— 

Sandwich Xo. 1 1G4 

Walnut Sandwieh Xo. 2 . .165 

Cakes 210 

Roast with Mushroom 

Sauce 371 

Caramels 352 

Salad 112 

Roast 371 

Waldorf Astoria Salad Ill 

Wash Day Meat Pie 80 

WATER— 

nCi-li W'itliout Scales 390 

Ice '. 333 



Currant 301 

Melon Preserved 320 

How to Drink 389 

Gum Arabic 300 

Lime 36;" 

Toast 360 

What Shall We Drink 83 

Whey 366 

Whey Rennet 360 

Whey Orange 359 

Whipped Cream 281 

Whipped Cream Pie •. .287 

White Potato Soup 39 

White Velvet Sherbet 341 

White Almond Soup 39 

\\hite Sau':'e \'eal SoutHe .... S4 

Whole Wheat Bread Xo. 1 13 

Whole Wheat Bread Xo. 2. , . Ki 

Whole Wheat Muffins 2w 

Whole Tomato for Winter . .328 

Wild Duck (Roasted) 66 

Wine and Cracker 368 

Wine Dandelion 298 

Y 
YEAST— 

Potato Yeast No. 1 11 

Potato Yeast No. 2 12 

Hot Weather Yeast 12 

Yorkshire Pudding 75 



ADVERTISEMENTS 



Rocding & Gowcr's 



Brand of 



OLIVE OIL 

Is conceded by ]>arties 
knowing what olive 
oil .should be, to be 
superior to all other 
makes. Tf you want 
to be sure of gettini;^ a 

Pure, Wholesome Oil 

ask your o^rocer for 
Roedin<^ & Gower's 
Brand. We are als(^ 
the larg'est firm in 
Cen 1 ral Calif o r n i a 
]>uttin«^ up Ripe and 
Green Pickled Olives. 
For further ])articu- 
lars address 

l^ocding & Gowcr 

Fresno and Fowler 

California 



ADVERTISEMENTS 



Arcade Stables 

WILKINS & WILKINS, Proprietors 



First -Class 

Livery 

Feed and 

Sale Stables 



HORSES BOUGHT AND SOLD 



Telephone John 311 8^6 I Streej 



Fresno, - - - California 



ADVERTISEMENTS 



ADAM D. WILSON, M. D. 

Physician and Surgeon 



Fowler - ... - Cal 



We carry everything in the line of 

FURNITURE 

D. H. WILLIAMS 

Fresno .. .,.,,.- - California 



FRANK H. SMORT 

Attorncy-at-Law 



Fresno National Bank Building', Fresno, Cal 

M. SAIER 
The Jeweler of Fresno 

Cut (ila-^s and Silverware, also (rold Headed 

Canes and Silk Umbrellas. 
1*>17 Mariposa Street. 



ADVERTISEMENTS 



Office Hours 
Until 9 a. m., 1 to 3 p. m., 6 to 8 p. m. 

DR. WILLIAM T. CRAWFORD 

Diseases of the Stomach a Specialty 

Office Opposite Postoffice. Residence North Sixth Street. 

Fowler - California 



M. V. Hartranft Geo. F. Hall 

Manag-ing Fditor Associate Fditor 

The Pacific Fruit World 



$1.00 per year. One every week. 
Main Office, Times Building, Los Angeles. 



DR. G. L. LONG 



Fiske Block, Cor. Mariposa and J Streets 



Phone James 211 F 



resno 



C. L WALTER 
Real Estate 

1119 J Street, - - Fresno. Cal 



ADVEKTIbEMENTS 



The Sufferer From 
Poor Harness 

is not the horse only. 
His owner also suffers 
financially. Cheapness 
and inferioritj^ do not 
a Iwaj's g-o together. Our 
prices are not hig-h, yet 
we sell excellent 

HARNESS. 

Found that by so doing 
we made more friends 
and moi'e uToney. By 
selling' reliable g'oods at 
moderate prices we have 
won the confidence and 
the trade of this section. 
These things won't g'all the horse nor the pocket. We also 

carry the larg-est assortment of buggies and wag^ons in San 

Joaquin vallej'. 




LYONS-BOLES CO 



1142-48 I street 



Fresno, Cal 



M. A. MORRISON, M. D. 

Physician and Surgeon 

Residence North Sixth Street — Phone Main 73 
Office Walter Block — Phone Main 71 



Fowler. 



California 



The l\eliabie 

Lyman's Blue Brand Raisins 



Packed h\ 



FRANK LYMAN CO 

BUYKRS, PACKERS AND SHIPPERS 

Packingr-house, vSouth I Street, FRESNO, CALIFORNIA 



ADVERTISEMENTS 



FRESNO'S 

Big, Busy Drug Store 

SAN JOAQUIN DRUG CO 

Phone Main 135. 1933 Mariposa Street, Opposite Gratid 

Central Hotel. Fresno, California 

MAIL 0RDERJ> FILLED PROMPTLY 

F. E. COOK 

Lawyer 

Fresno National FRKSNO 

Bank Building: ^ CAL 



Office Hours: Office Phone Blue 12 

9 to 12 a. m.; 1 to 5 p. m. Res. Phone Rlack 758 

DR. R. B. COCKRILL 

Dentist 

CROWN AND BRIDGE WORK A SPRCIALTY 

Office with Drs. Maupin FRESNO 

Rooms 5 and 6, Patterson Block CAIv 



Subscriptions taken for any NEWSPAPER 

or MAGAZINE published in the 

world at Publishers rates. 

All the Late Novels Carried in Stock 



1113 J street n J (Tporlpv 

Fresno, California Vx. i • \_'V,al iK^y 



ADVERTISEMENTS 



Louis Einstein & Co 

Fresno, - - California 

The Great Mail Order House of Central California 

fTHE BEST ASSORTMENT 
Always UHE BEST FACILITIES 
i THE LOWEST PRICE 

Pierce Motorettes 

Knox Mobiles 

Olds Mobiles 

Toledo Touring- 
Cars 

Auto Cars 

Repairs for all makes of 

Gregory & Co ^^ ^^^^^L^^- 
H. L CHAMBERLAIN 

1923 Tulare St., Fresno 

Harness and Saddles 

Carriage Trimming. R^epairing. 
Prices l^easonable 

Phone Blue S82 




ADVERTISEMENTS 



HOLLAND'S 

Marisposa and K Sts., Fresno 

Want you as a customer. 

You are always welcome. 

Best Prices. Best Service. 

WE : WANT : YOUR : EGGS 



I^' BARNETT SANATORIUM 

A First-Class 
Private Hospital 



Cor. Fresno and S. Sts. 
Tel. James 251 Fresno, Cal 

The List of Dainties 

enumerated in this book 
are many, but you will 
not be happy unless you 
have some of 

NORTON & BRUNTON'S 

Tee Cream or Candy to 
serve with them. Call 
Phone Main 64. 

1139 J St., Fresno 



ADVERTISEMENTS 



DEXTER STABLES 

J. R. McKAY. Proprietor 

Livery and Feed Stable 

Special Attention 
Given U) Transient. 



Telephone Main 32 ttv /^^ i 

I and Kern Streets -b reSttO, Ual 



Hoy Lee 



Furnisher of Chinese Labor 



p. (). Bcix 101. - Fowler, Cal 



Jordan Young 

THE MAN OF ALL WORK 

Will act as caterer, till 
vour orders iOr all kinds 
ol fresh vej4"etal)les in sea- 
son; also lor fruits, nuts, 
etc. 

All Work Done in a Reliable Manner 



ADVERThEMENTS 



44 



BALDY" 



The Popular Caterer 



CO 



2 

a. 

3 




o 
^ 



3 



O 

3 



(G. B. HAMILTON) 



RESTAURANT 

Seventh St.. ()pi)()site tlu Lniiiher Yard 

MEALS AT ALL MOURS 



i 



ADVERTISEMENTS 



Fancher Creek Nurseries (inc.) 

Our reputation for sending out GOOD 
STOCK, true to label, is well established. 
Our stock of everything in the FRUIT 
TREK LINE is complete. We are the 
largest growers in the state of Grape Vines, 
Ornamental Plants and Field Grown Roses. 

Geo. C. Roeding, Pres. and Mgr 

1215 J St. (Main Office) Fresno, Cal 

Donahoo, Emmons & Co 

The Supply House at Fresno in 

Hardware Stoves 

Plumbing Bicycles 

Receipt for Lemon Pie 

By W. PARKER LYON, of Fresno 

Sit on a hot stove and stir constantly — just 
as if one could sit on a hot stove without 
stirring constantly. 

Sofas like mother used to use at 



W. Parker Lyon's 



ADVERTISEMENTS 



Hours 9 to 5 Phone Blue 36 

DR. FRANK D. WOLFE 

Dentist 

1935 Mariposa Street 
With Dr. Montg-omery Thomas Fresno, Cal 



HEADQUARTERS 



FOR 



Agricultural Implements 

Bu^ggies and Wagons 

Pumping Plants 



FRESNO AGRICULTURAL WORKS 

Fresno, - Califoi^nia 



Hours 9 to 5 Tel. Blue 36 

DR. MONTGOMERY THOMAS 

Dentist 

1935 Mariposa Street 

Fresno, Cal 






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HECKMAN 

BINDERY INC. 

^ APR 89 



N. MANCHESTER, 
INDIANA 46962