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10 in DAU0HTB18, 


C^is ^olwnt is Brtiw** 




Thb object of this Handbook is to supply readers and speakers with a Incid, 
but very brief account of such names as are used in allusions and references, 
whether by poets or prose writers, — to furnish those who consult it with 
the plot of popular dramas, the story of epic poems, and the outline oi 
well-known tales. Who has not asked what such aud such a book is about ? 
and who would not be glad to have his question answered coirectly in a few 
words ? When the title of a play is mentioned, who has not telt a desire to 
know who was the author of it?— for it seems a universal practice to allude 
to the title of dramas without stating the author. And when reference is 
made to some character, who has not wished to know something specific about 
the person referred to? The object of this Handlx>ok is to supply these 
wants. Thus, It gives in a few lines the story of Homer's Hicui and Odyasey^ 
of Virgirs jEneidf Lucan's Pharsalia, and the Thehaid of Statius ; of Daute's 
Dicine drniedt/^ Ariosto's Oriando Furioso, and Tasso*s Jerusalem Delivered ; 
of Milton's Parofli&e Lost and Paradise Begained ; of Thomson's Seasims; 
of Ossian's tales, the Nibelunyen Litd of the German minnesingers, the 
Homance of the Bose, the Lusiad of Camocns, the Loves of Thtoyenea and 
Charideia by Heliodorus (foiu-th century), with the several story poems 
of Chaucer, Gower, Piers Plowman, liawes, Spenser, Dm\ton, Phincas 
Fletcher, Prior, Goldsmith, Campbell, Southey, Byron, Scotr, Moore, Tenny- 
son, Ix>ngfellow, and so on. Far from limiting its scope to poets, the Hand- 
book tells, with similar brevity, the stories of our national fairy tales and 
r-'iDancea, such novels as those by Charles Dickens, Vaniiy Fair by 
Thackeray, the Basstlas of Johnson, GidJiver's Travels by Swift, the 
^iitimental Journey by Sterne, Don Quixote and Oil Bias, Ttlemachus by 
Fenelon, and Ufuline by De la Motte Fouque. Great j^ins have been 
taken with the Arthurian stories, whether from sir T. Malory's collection or 
from the Muhincj^'ofi, becMuse Tennyson has brought the-i to iW IwiiA 

Ui bis Jd^ils q/ the Kinfj ; ft£td the n timber of iJramatic plots sketcht^ oui] 
h nijmy bimdrotk. 

Another striking and interesthig feature of the book is the fevektion ftf ' 
the »*>Tjrc4i frtui which dmiimtbts and roiwaijccrsi hnvf? dtirived their nturies, 
And the ht range i-ciHitiiiMOB uf historic iDcirienU. CViiiiiiafv, for exiainplc, tb« 
fttmtagem uf the wotMJi^ri hiii^e by which *J'roy WJis taken, with thow9 of Abu 
iVbc'idab m the laiegu uf Arr^tao, and tbAl uf the cjiptiire of Sark from the 
French, p. 454. C^^uiiJare, agaib, Dido'a cutting the hide inio 8tri|m, with _ 
th(2 st^>ry aWut the Yjtkiilsk^, pL IM ; that of Uotiiuk^ and Kemus^ with thsfl 
wtiiry of Tyro, p. 843; the Bhibi^oleth uf Scrit^ture story, with those of tht 
"Sicilian Vesiprs," aiid of the Daue^ on 8t. Brycy*& Day, p. 1*01 \ the storj 
of Pisistratos aod hi& two »ons^ with that of Cosmo de Meciiei and bis two 
grail dsonSj p. 771 ; the death of Majrcna Lieinius Crassos, with that of 
Manliua Neixjs AquiUus, p. 392; and the famous " Douglai larger,"* with 
th« briier yf Walkce at Ardroasao, p. 2stJ* WitncBS the numerous tate* 
t^ADiiiblitig that of Willinin Tell and the a|'pk\ p. ?*80; of tho Piod Piper ol 
Hamelio, p, 76Gj of Llewellvn and hia dog Geltjrt, p, 30^)? of biiihop Hatta 
aud the rats, p. 429 ; of Ulysses and Polypbemos, p. 1050 t at id of lord Lovel'a 
bridi^ p. 57L Witness, again, the parallelisms of Uavid in hi? liight from 
8ftul, and that of Mahomet from ihe KortisbJlcB, p. 937; of Jephtba and his 
daiis^hter. and the tale of Jdotneneus of Crete, or that of Ajjamomnop and 


didex — few hAve patience to wade through them, and fewer gtill obtain there- 
from any clear idea of the spirit of the actors, or the progress of the story. 
Brevity h:is been the aim of this Handbook, but clearness has not been 
tacrificed to terseness; and it has been l>ome in mind throughout that it 
is not enough to state a fact, — it must be stated attractively, and the 
character described must be drawn characteristically, if the reader is to 
■ppreciate it, and feel an interest in what he reads. 

It would be most unjust to conclude this preface without publicly 
Rcknowledging the great obligation which the author owes to the printers 
retder while the sheets were passing through the press. He seems to have 
entered into the very spirit of the book ; his judgment has been sound, his 
queries have been intelligent, his suggestions invaluable, and even some of 
the articles were supplied by hioL 

TboM veraes iatroJuoed but not signed, or signed wiUi initiaU only, atc by the author of the 
tUiKlbuok. Tliey arc the Stornello Verses, p. 948 ; Nones and ldc«, p. 689 ; the Seven Wiite Men, 
p. (594; the Seren Wonders of the World, p. 894; and the following trannlAtlons : — Luca-i's "Ser- 
prntft." p. 759; •*Veni Wakefield peranuenum." p. 373; specimen of Tyrtaos, p. 1047; •* Vos non 
fubu.'*p. 1075; "Ilold'Yvetot," p. 1126; **Non amo te," p. 1126; Marot's rpigram, p. 569; epigram 
•Q a TioUn, p. 1070 ; epigram on the Fair Iloaamond, p. 844 ; the Heidelberg tun, p. 1040 ; Disnioa and 
Gesnus, pp. 348, 375; "Roger Bontemps," p. 839; "Le bon roi Dagobert," p. 678 ; " Pan vre Jacques," 
p. 741; Virgil's epitaph, p. 1070; "Cunctis mare," p. 874; •• Ni fallat (atum," p. 879; St Klmo. 
'. «59; Baviad, etc, pp. 85, 591; sereral oracular responses (we Pkophect, p. 795; Wooniw 
Valu, p. 1117 ; etc ); and many oUwn. The ditef ol^ect of this note Is to prevent any njel«M 
irarcb lArr tbciie trlfiea. 


Animals a^iraitted into paradise, p. 983 ; animals with human speech, p. 1073 

Athens, the violet-crowned city, p. 1070. 

Authors and dates of dramas, operas, and oratorios. Appendix 1. 

Children of precocious genius, p. 789 ; calculating boys, p. 149. 

Curiosities connected with dates, dynasties, names, and letters (see M). 

Dates of poems, novels, tales, and so on, of our best authors, Appendix 1 1 

Death by wild horses, p. 1102 ; death from strange causes, p. 212. 

Dying words of historic characters, p. 282. 

Elastic tents, ships, horses, and carpets, p. 983. 

End of the world, p. 1118 ; an endless tale, p. 515, col. 2, last art. 

Errors of references and illustrations, pp. 301-7 ; anachronisms, p. 34 ; etc. 

Examinations, stock books and pieces for, p. 1009. 

Foote's fjEvrrago of nonsense, p. 727 ; •' An Austrian army . . .*• p. 719 ; Tom 
Tu88er*s T totals, p. 968; Stomello Verses, p. 948; "The cipher you 
sigh for," p. 190. 

Harmonious blacksmith, who, and where he lived, p. 1096. 

Historical, legendary, dramatic, and other parallels. 

Kings of Ireland, p. 1049, art. Ulster ; kings of England, p. 517 ; kings of 
France, p. 518 ; sm^ames of kings, pp. 511-15. (See Sovereigns.) 

Legends, such as "The Devil's Dyke," Brighton, p. 249 ; the " Jackdaw of 
Bheims,'' p. 826; the sinner saved, p. 915 ; and many others. 

lists of bogie names, p. 675 ; of noted diamonds and nuggets, dwarfs and 
giants, fools and jesters ; favourites of great men, p. 573 ; improvisators ; 
kings with character names, pp. 511-15; knights; literary impostors, 
pp. 461^70 ; of lives exceeding 100 years, p. 564 ; of lord mayors who have 
founded noble houses, p. 626 ; of medical quacks, pp. 804-6 ; of the 
oaths of great men, relics, revolutionary songs, ring posies, runners, 
the sagas; instances of spontaneous combustion, p. 938; water standards, 
pp. 941; strong men, pp. 949-50; the ill-fated Stuarts, p. 950; sum- 
momies to death, p. 954 ; famous swimmers, p. 964 ; United States o' 
America, p. 30 ; warning-givers, pp. 1082-87 ; etc 



Marria^ fi civil roDtmct in Sbake»pcftre'(f ilnn« (see Vu;cEimo, p. I0Q8): 

Meti with t^l^, ji, 06U ; men InrDod lo wirlreg, ji. 1114. 

Mimcle-wtirki^rii or Tbaumalurgi, p, 1**48, 

Mutieal iastninicnts whi^b pUye^i &t a bidding, fv 979. 

Karnes uml cbaract^T* of dram»A, noveta, Ui,h», ramaaces, epic ]X)«ms, elcu 

K 11)13 tMilurs maku a marjf p. 970. 

KumWrs ai^«.iaU'4 with gr«it liftRic«: na September TJ with CromweUj p 
22*^; number 2 wHb NafieiUsou* p* 67"; uiinil»«r 7 *ith liktjtiU p» 81>3f| 
tkUQiber 88 with ike 8tt3art% p. Ml ; rmmbcr 1^ unlticky m tlw Englitil 
dyiiastk^, \\ 1045 ; mimte 3, p\\ ftST-lJi)* 

Omens of evil averted, i^. 1034. 

Bfuotcrs and aculptiir^ wha )iay« rivalled Datiire» p« 7^ j oli4nct6ri»tie» of 
nested aTtl.sts, pp. 721-^22* 

Paralkl tales : as Per ret t« and ber niilk-paO, p. 75 3 ; 6oc^u*i jest» p. S78 $ 
Ih© '* House that Jiick bdlt,'' p. 456 ; Panieira Ferf7iif, p. 440 ^ Wokey*t 
remark, ** Had I but served my Gtjd . . .■" ]>, Hill ; Sbyt^ck and Sarap- 
poa Ceneda, p. 907 ; eir PbilipSidticy at Zutpbvn, Alexander, and Havid, 
p, 94D8 ; Ali Baba or the Forty Thievoa aird Tycho in Otrmaa '* history,^ 
p. 104 G; Don Quixcte and the Hi^k of sheep, p. tH>l ; William Tell and 
tbe apple, p. 9H0 ; Tmjati, Ua^riaD^ acui PbiUp, mUx imporintuiifi 
WMiiH-n, 10"22 ; and soorefe of otbe*s^ 


Stimulants used by public actors and orators, p. 046. 

Stock Exchange nicknames, p. 946. 

Street nomenclature. 

Striking lines of noted authors, and sayings of great men. 

Superstitions and traditions about animals, precious stones, etc, pp. 955-61. 

Thieves screened by kings, p. 992 ; thieves of historic note, pp. 993-94 ; th% 

penitent and impenitent, 248. 
Tlie Times newspaper, p. 1006. 

The twelve Table Knights; twelve Paladins; twelve Wise Masters; eto. 
Three a sacred number, pp. 997-99. 
Thirteen precious things, p. 994 ; thirteen unlucky, p. 995. 
Titles and superscriptions of the popes, p. 785. 
Toad with an B, p. 1012. 
Touching for the king's evil, p. 1019. 
Transformations, p. 1023. 
Trees noted for specific virtues and uses, pp. 1025-31 ; largest in the world, 

p. 1025. 
Unlucky possessions, p. 1052. 

Vicarious punishment (art. Zeleuoub), p. 1129; whipping boys, p. 1096. 
Vulnerable parts of different heroes, p. 1076 ; invulnerability, p. 474. 
Warning-givers, pp. 1082-87. 
Waste time utilized, p. 1088. 
Welsh Triads, pp. 999-1001. 
Wind sold, p. 1108. 
Wines named from theu- effects, p. 1109; three-men wine, p. 1109; the 

rascal who drank wine out of a boot, p. 1040 (see Tun). 
Women changed to men ; made of flowers ; the nine worthy ; abandoned 

women, p. 1115. 
Wooden horse of Troy and parallel stories, p. 1117. 
Wisdom honoured, p. 1110; wisdom persecuted, p. 1111. 

WImo iio noot in MUiitfiK look uuder the word with a canitAl ioiiUl Umat 


AA'RON, a Moor, beloved by Tun'- 
oca, quoen of the Goths, in the tragedy 
of luus ^fKih>n'»f»i«, published amongst 
the plays of Shakespeare (1693). 

(The' classic name is Andromau^ bat 
the charscter of this play is paiely 

Aaron (St.)^ a British martyr of the' 
Oty of Legions {Newport^ m South 
Wales). He was torn limb from limb by 
order of Maximian'us Hercniius, general 
in Britain, of the army of Diocle'tian. 
Two churche* were founded in the City of 
Lc^onji, one in honour of St. Aaron and 
one in honour of his fellow-martyr, St. 
Julius. Newport was called Cacrleon by 
the British. 

. . rvo othen . . . Moled their dottrim with tbtlr blood ; 
Sc Julius, and with him i^t. Aamo. har« their room 
At Ckriaoo. wflertng dniib by Diocletian'a doom. 

Dr./ton. Polfolbion, zitv. (1SS2). 

Aaz'iz (3 5^/.), so the queen of Sheba 
or Saba is sometimes called ; but in the 
Koran she is called Balkis (ch. xxvii.). 

Abad'don, an angel of the bottomless 
pit (RiT. ix. 1 1). The word is derived from 
the Hebrew, cAadj "lost," and means the 
loit (jne. Tliere are two other anp^ls intro- 
duced by Klopstock in The Messiah with 
similar names, but must not be con- 
founded with the angel referred to in 
Rirr,; one is Obaddon, the angel of death, 
and the other Abbad'ona, the repentant 

Ab'aris, to whom Apollo gave a 
golden arrow, on which to ride Uircugh 
tile air. — See Dictionary of Phrase ana 


Abbad'ona, once the friend of Ab'- 
iiel, was drawn into the rebellion of 
8atan half unwillingly. In hell he con- 
stantly bewailed his fall, and rejirovcd 
8atan for his pride and blasphemy. He 


openly declared to the infemals that he 
would take no part or lot in Satan*s 
scheme for the death of the Messiah, and 
during the cmcifixion lingered about the 
cross with repentance, hope, and fear. 
His oltimate fate we are not told, bat 
when Satan and Adramelech are driven 
back to hell, Obaddon, the angel of death, 
says — 

** For the*. Abhadona, I hara no ordera. How loag 
tboa art |«rmltt«d to ramain on aarth I know not, nor 
wtiether thou wilt ba allowed to we the remrrection of 
tbe Lord of glorr ... but be not dacelved. thoa ean« 
not view Him with the \oj of the redeemed." " Yet let 
me we Him, let me aeo Him I "— Klopatock. TXt Mmttak, 

Abberville {Lord)^ a young noble- 
man, 23 years of age, who nas for 
travelling tutor a Welshman of 65, called 
Dr. Druid, an anticjuary, wholly igno- 
rant of his real duties as a guide of youth. 
The younc man runs wantonly wild, 
squanders his money, and gives loose to 
his pas.sions almost to the verge of ruin, 
but he is arrested and reclaimed by his 
honest Scotch bailiff or financier, and the 
vigilance of his father's executor, Mr. 
Mortimer. This "fashionable lover" 
promises marriage to a vulgar, malicious 
city minx named Lucinda Bridgemore, 
but is saved from this pitfall also. — Cum- 
berland, The Fashionable Lover (1780). 

Abdal-azis, the Moorish governor 
of Spain after the overthrow of king 
Roderick. When the Moor assumed 
regal state and aflfected Gothic sovereignty, 
his subjects were so offended that they 
revolted and murdered him. He married 
Egilona, formerly the wife of Roderick. — 
Southey, Ji<xi<'rick^ etc.^ xxii. (1H14). 

AVdalaz'iz {Omar ben), a caliph 
raised to *' Mahomet's bosom " in reward 
of his great abstinence and self-denial. — 
Herbclot, 600. 

He was hjr no means scmpulous ; nor did he think 
with the caJIph Omar iMsn Abdolulx tliat it was neew 
nry t4i make a liell of thu world tu eiijuy parartlia in tte 
naxU-W. B«±Iord. ToOa 117S6). 




AbdaJ'dar, on of the 
iht iMiiUfifiid fA^- nki, "" biuliEr 1^ tooCA 
df hv *.KT«n. '* Tht ne i pirlti wtR dtrtincd 
to 1w! dt^trtiTed by od« of 1^ taoM of 

the ra^^ ev«i to ile*Ul, QaU' rmn 
f 'iFTivrJ, nftmtd Tb^rnbih sod AbfUldm 
n A4 bp|Ktmte4 b^ lol t^> fJndl ym Out and 
kiU bim. H« (St»c*i%*n-d th« tlnpling ip 
ATI Armb'« tent, and while in ^imytt mm 
■lioiii to etah htm to the Ifcemi wIlli m 
diii;«(?er, whea tlif? nnxt^l ci^f d«ith imsdied 
mi him, vad tie fell ^hhJ vilh Uiv dn^err 
in hi* httid, Thsljifi* drew from tli4 
jiin^rcinti'd^ Jln^^er a ring vtak'li! g«f* kiui 
!:< o m tun D ' I fj>v^r t be i> p i fi lc — ioqiltkfrjr p 

Abdallft, onv of 'ir Btfttn de Boll 

Gui)b<i!*rl'p nUref, — ^It W. 

Ahii\tiakt btottier and predcecMor of 
a^Ut {} sjL), fmfba of Aby'dM. He 

♦»» («urd««d by \ht pAchA.— Byn»i« 

AbdtUlaJi el Hadgi. SAladin'i eti- 
¥<«y,— Sir VV. Scutt, TJif TaliMmtin (time, 
UieiiAnl h), 

Abdals or 'Sbnfcwj, « clA«f of rp- 

litri><t)hu vho prebend e^ br inrpirf^ 
<rilb fbf ccott fSTiiihiQ^^ raptures of 
diiv^iDt lot ft, Heenrdcd inth icrr&t tcq©' 

Atooey, ciJied n^^j Jlife^, tte 
fri<aid of ufAon^A Albert Lrf** * roviliftt,— . 
^fVk\ Scoit, B'bodlfltiiGil (Untft, tilt Cnm- 

Abon HftSSaiL. * towri mrpdiilnl «f 

linpdfidf bud hcim of tlae Ul^ rallf^l '^ Tb* 
Sle^Lopef Aw^k^ned/' \n ih^Ardtntm Nt>jfkUf 
Emiert^tmfntwU$. Wkih A boo Huw*fi 
i» uIh'P he i» cimv«j«d to tht pAlt^ce <rf 
iljiro«uQ^-lk«ctiidv And tlk« it^Hidinta 
ft4« opfered to di» tirerrtMBg llwy «*» ia 

■itb«vr|ti«}tlr bceotD^i lb* cmllju''t dlilif 

8hnk^l>«uir7, in lh« indiaolioii of 
Tmmmj of thf Shr^ftf^ befof>b "Chrb- 
bitplber BIj " m a umtUf w* v^ t»ci| ^tf 
Ihliili* it w*i ** nrjthitig bul A df^in* ' 

hii miirnA^ wiib EJieoa{ir% irwdf tlia 
ume tnck,-— Buztotit Aaml'STt^ «hf Mtdiai^ 

Abnw tbf moil belortd of Soletncin'ft 

UhwaaAri did Ite cr^rUlni pU 

Tai»a I 



litenf coqM 4sog«^ and ^J 

tbt fibible Of tb« BiMflTk, Tbu m tpArk 

wife of Jolmf a rich but Kced lar-^ 
Inii AMjioa bef>^ loved a poof 
luned KicholML m lodger la tb« 

AbKllHttt (So- Am&^y), « Uaitj^ bot 
mmtjiiafted old geotleman, urba ima- 
IBM* ti^at lie poMeiAH a moct angelic 
Muiptf, And Tbeci be ^uarrelA witb bii >on, 
^ optatn foncies it b th« eon wbo it 
•oL of temper, and not bimKlf. Smot- 
ktri ^'MatttHW Bf»mt>U"eTidently sng- 
cctted this diankfteT. WUtiam Do^mon 
(l7S4-^i85l> wa« the best ector of tbu 

G^^ui Ab9Qittig^ non of etr Anthony, m 
kte vitb Ljdia Uui^uUb, tb« beireM, to 
irbom be t» known only aa ensign Bever- 
%. Bob Acr^ bi» neighbour, b hia 
iml, atul ienda a cbaUen^e Ia the um- 
kaown ensign ; bst when be Anda tb&t 
ttBgn Beverley ii. capt&in Absolute, be 
dedio£4 to S^ht, ^nd rtalgns all ftirbier 

' ■ \Xstht ladj^'i band. — Sberid*n, Tke 

■ !« to*' JlA FltaBin Lb ''ati^a Al^dliiu^' ^411 
■- ^' ^K»tkin l4i HHiw My o* 

Abu'dAhf in the Tj/^s of tks Genii", by 
E. Kldk>% ii a wcallhy mencbant of It*g- 
dftd, vbo gi>e9 in quest of the talisman of 
Oiwaa'ncfl, whicb b« ij driven to «eek by 
1 hsdt old he£t «'ho bauntd hiui every 
ni^t and makea bb life wretched. He 
fsdi at lait tba;t the taliflman whtf^h is to 
free hjm of tbi« bag [om9etenat] ii t^i 
"feu God and keep Him coEumand- 

Abf^di^ m the drmma ci^led 7^ Skg€ 

tD^mum^i^ by John Hughes (17/OJ, u 
acxt in command to CaLed in the 
Anbim anny eel dowu before DamAacoa. 
Tbim^ undoubtedly bmve, be prefen 
Wfl^'to war ; and when, at the d^^ath of 
CiJcdt he sneceedj Id the chief com m And, 
hi maka peace with the Syriani on 
kc^qrabk tefmf ♦ 

i'mufi, an Attic hero, whoae 
fttdea wu ielected by Plato for the pUce 
Mhii lectnrtap Hence hla di^ciplea weie 
nUtd die ** Aeademic iect,'* 

tkm i TWfc rvtrtAb c/ AAdMfura. 

Ac&'dla (tVe- Nam Sobtia), ao called 
1/ du Prencb from the river [.Sft»6ra]- 
iAtif. In 1&21 Acadia wae ^ven to Air 
Vuiivr AltictfbOdcri and *ta name chads^ed v 


and id 1755 the old French aettlera vec^ 
driven into exile by George IL \jm^ 
fellow hu made tbia tbe enbjrct of a poem 
in hexameter vene, called Evan*gdm9 

Aieaa'tO {Lof€\^ ^ther of Seri'no. 
Casta^lio, and Polydoie ; and jcnardian of 
Monimia ♦♦the orphan.** He lived to see 
the death of hia sona and hta w«rd. 
Pojydore ran on bis brother'fli a^ord, Cua- 
tatio stabbed bimielf, and Monimia took 
poi»on.^-Otway, Thg Orpham (J6a0j, 

Acdciciital (4 »yi.)f a unrae and 
oath mueh ujed in Italy. 

Atom, TbtiA la. tale}. 

Acen'tea [^ x^i^y In * rial of ikiU 
Aeej tSirtbeSiciUan^diBoha .edbiearrow 
with iuoh foree thai it took fire from tbe 
ffietioa yf (he ait.— Th^ JSn^idt Bk. V. 

Lin* AjeMtM' mhmn of mU, 

Achates lA-k<i*-trse]. tialled by Virpl 
** fidua Acbatei." The nnuiB has become a 
tjnonym for a hnfam iVieiid. n crony, hut 
if j^enirrally Uftsd liin^ihingly.- The^'funeid, 

Hvruti, Pfm Jmah, \. 15* 

Acber^iaLij the fox, went paTtncrahip 
with ft bear m % liowl of mil*. lii^fore 
the bear amyed, the fox akimmcd ofT rhe 
crcntn and dnink the n^ilk \ then, filliog 
the bowl with mud, rcjfltced the tneam 
atop. Sai f the fos, "Here ift th* bowl ; 
one ftbali have the cream, and the other 
all the rest: cbonw, friend, which yon 
like." The bear told tlie fos to uke the 
efeam,. &nd thus bruin had only the mud. 
—A Basq^ Tale. 

A iimilnr tale occnr* in rampbeira 
P&mdar Tdlesofthg West Hkfhhtnd,t[hu S*8), 
called " Tbe K^^ of Butter." Tbe wolf 
chiKi!)«A the hjtttim when **oata*' were the 
obji?*.t of choice, and the top when **poEa- 
tcws " were tbe sowing. 

ItatielAis tells the aame tale abont a 
farmer and the devil. Each was In have 
on alternate years what ^new under and 
OPtr tbe aoiL The farmer sowed to mi pa 
and cam^Uj when tlie iinder-t>oi\ produce 
eame to hia lot, and barley or wheat when 
bifl tura waa Ihe ocrr-aoil prodote, 

AcTierofl, the '* Rtver of Grief," and 
one of the five rivem of hell ; hell itnelf. 
(Greek, Jxt>t r^*«. '' 1 flow with prief/l 

Umuni, /^AraJiM Le< It 631 (ia«li 

AcMLlea (3 syL), the hero of tbe 



&tljwl Greek mrmy m the siege of Tpoj» 
Mod king of the 'Myr^nndfriM*— Si* i^*>- 
titmary of Phrixje niyJ /bWr. 

e&rl of Shfcwsburv (L^T;*-U?>3). 

The duke of VVdli^5^n:^ltl ]» pki caJlfTd 
toti*vtinteft, uid ii refnit^jt^ni^il hy « ntAt4je 
of Ai!liilles^ of ifi^cottitic #ir.e m Hyde 
fatk, l^adoiij clow to Afistty Uou** 

Tht Achiiha of Gft-rnanfi^ AU»#rt, tl*©- 
tor of Bmndcoburg (Hl*-14««). 

Jiihilhi of Rijmtf Sic Jo ins DttiU'tiii. 
(jiut lt> tlc^th n.c. 4£f*), 

Acliillea' Heel, the %TiInef»Ul« fmri. 
It tft mid Uiai wbrti Ttrctjs dipp«J btr i»:»ti 
in the river 5tyx to lu&kc: bim tni'^leicr- 
•bl#, ibv held him by the bet!, iiflil ibe 
^tt covered hv bet bund wu llii» imly 
|i«n Ofit Wiuli«d by the wAter, Tbii in ji 
|jofct-llonj(frie «tory» 

(Spraetimcis Ix^iand \m call^ the AebJl- 
lei heel (if Knj;]iiiid4 

•^^ tjimiljirly, the only valnefiiljle put 
of OrUfid«^ Yju the «oIe of hit f(N^ aitd 
hencei when Ikmacdt} del Cirfio uMiiipd 
him mi KonresvalJfti*, nod fvund tLat bf? 
could nut wound bim* he Jifltd him up in 
hb Aims *wd «queeied biro tP deftth^ as 
HcJvniies did Ant^'o!. 

A^ida'litt^t fount "i-^ 

to V^eofTi. The Urn 
therein, VeouA ivwi t^',,.,, , 

Alltv til* Mw; tM 

A^dQj^ ft Sldiiift ibtfihtJtl, lA^eil tiv Uit 

nvrnph Gii1jiU*iL. Th*» nion»t«r Vuly* 
^^tmn (B ffy/,), a rj-f-injui, waa hi* ni-al, 
ind eniAbed him under « b<iire rock. Th* 
bloiHl i>f A*:ii woa chiktfige»j tnio ■ rirer ^ 
tb« Mtme nuMin al tti^* foot of moiini Eeiia* 
Ktri «hIi * m^ pMl nMifj « UMJ iffeWt Ai«a ^Ift 

Ao'oe <a lyi), *»be*rlojf*** i© Ihe New 

c^ometh hv hcmnn^**' The nnrwe of Fidis 
' 'mf'*]. ' Flc'T djut^hU'f iis Miiiilaiioti* 
ift^^ u4*5t; *MK'flriDp"| 

WlCb Irkni [fiUM film mirm mtvh. mnllti A«9lL 


A^ MM" liniH ban tomimj. taidNpfl^. 

ri:,liL rwvctttr . / h' /"uri i« /«!•«< U. (iCBlu 

AcTaa'ia» InltoiT^nwicc per^oDified. 
SiiHrckse!' snvfl nbe ^a &o enchantrfsa 11 ring 

in lb*- '* Tt^trji^r nf llli**." ih ** Wnniff^tini^ 



T¥b1ie leunt from a militia officer, who 
lold him the ancients swore, by Jove, 
Bacchos, Mars, Venus, Minerva, etc., 
according to the sentiment. Rob Acres 
b a great blasterer, and talks big of his 
daring, bat when put to the push '* his 
eourage always oozed oat of his fingers* 
ends.** J. Quick was tlie original Bob 
Acres.~Sheridan, The Rivals (1775). 

Aa thro hb patma Btb Aerta' valoor ooHd. 
Sp Jnaa*! vlrtaa •bbed. I know not bow. 

BjTOu, DomJtmm. 

Aoris'ins, father of Dan'ad. An 
Oracle declared that Danad would give 
birth to a son who would kill him, so 
Acrisius kept his daughter shut up in an 
spartment under ground, or (as some sav) 
in a brazen tower. Here she became the 
mother of Per'seas (2 fv/.)» ^y •'["P***^ *>* 
the form of a shower of ^old. Tne king 
of Argos now ordered his daughter and 
her inhmt to be pat into a chest, and 
cut adrift on the sea, but they were 
rescued by Dictys, a fisherman. When 
grown to manhood, Peneus accidentally 
■truck the foot of Acrisins with a quoit, 
end the blow caused his death. This tale 
b told by Mr. Morris in The Earthly 
Faradise (April). 

Actad'on, a hunter, changed by Diana 
into a stag. A synonym for a cuckold. 

IMn!4F P«e» himself tar a Mcure aiid wilful Actaon 
w. Mfrrg triMi. ete.. act ill. ac 2 (l'-96). 

Acte'a, a female slave faithful to Nero 
in his fall. It was this het.'era who 
wnpped the dead body in cerements, and 
ssw it decently interred. 

Vm Actm wu txvatiruL She waa Mated on tb« 
pond : th« he^ of N> ru wai on her bii>. hU naknl body 
«M •Trctrh id on ttiom «inillnf{-»beet4 in wliicb she was 
tbrgt to f'lld htm. to lay liitn In UIs (rave upon the garden 
UH-OukU. A rimdni. L 7. 

Ac'tiuB Since'rus, the nom de plume 
of the Italian poet Sannn/aro, called 
**The Christian Virgil " (14.5»-lf>30). 

Actors and Actresses. The last 
Bale actor that took a woman's character 
00 the stage was Kdward Kvnaston, noted 
for his beauty (1U19-1687). The first 
female actor for dire was Mrs. Saunder- 
►m, afterwards Mrs. lietterton, who died 
in 1712. 

Ad, Ad'ites (2 «///.). Ad is a tribe 
descended from Ad, son of Uz, son of 
Irem, 8«m of Shorn, son of Noah. The 
trita-, at the CVmfusion of liab<«l, went 
Mid settled on Al-Ahkaf [the Winditifj 
Handt], in the province of Iladramaut. 
8be«Ud was their first king, but in conse- 
aneoce of his pride, both he and all the 

tribe perished, either from drought or 
the Sarsar {an icy wind), — Sale's KoraUt ^ 

Wo*, woe. to Iram 1 Woe to Ad 1 
Death li gone up into her palacesl . . . 
Thejr ffil around me. ThouMuula fi " 

The king and all hie petitOe fell ; 

All. all. they perL<hed alU 

Souther. Taia&a th* Dntrof^r. L 41. 45 07*7). 

A'dah, wife of Cain. After Cain had 
been conducted by Lucifer through the 
realms of space, he is restored to the home 
of his wife and child, where all is beauty, 
gentleness, and love. Full of faith and 
f er\'ent in gratitude, Adah loves her infant 
with a sublime maternal affection. She 
sees him sleeping, and says to Cain- 
How loT^ he appean ! Hi* little cheeks 
In their pure incamatioo. Tjrtng with 
The roM learee itrewu beneath them. 
And bU li|n. too. 

How boauUruUr fiartfd I Ho : jroa ihall not 
Ki'4 him : ar leait not now. He will awake eootH* 
Hii hour of middajr reel l« nearly over. 

Bijrroo. CatfM. 

Adam. In Qrteh this word is com- 
pounded of the four initial letters of tha 
cardinal quarters : 

Arktos, . ap«Tot , north, 
Dusis, . 6vait' . west. 
Anatold, . uvaxoX^ . cast. 
Mcscnibria, M«'n/i/3p'a south. 
The Hebrew word A1>M forms the ana- 
gram of A[dam], Dfavid], M[e5<siahJ. 

Adam^ how twide. God created the body 
of Adam of Sulzai^ i.e. dn', unbaked 
clay, and left it forty ni^^hts without a 
soul. The clay was «*ollected by Azarael 

from the four quarters of the earth, and 

Y His 

death. — Rahadan. 

lis approval of Azarnel'ii 
choice, constituted him the angel of 

God, to show 

A Jam, Art', awl the Repent. After the 
fall Adam wan placed on movnt Vassem 
in the east ; Kve was banished to I>jidda 
(now (jedda, on the Arabian coast) ; and 
the St'rpcnt waa exiled to the coast of 

After the lapse of 100 years Adam 
rejoined Kve on mount Arafaith [place 
of JiCincinbrance] J UiMT Mecca. — I) Ohsson. 

Dtath of Adam. Adam died on Friday, 
April 7, at the a;xe of 1>30 years. 
Michael swaithed his body, and (Jabriel 
discharged the funeral rites. The body 
was buried at (ihar'ul-Kenz [the ijrotto of 
treasure]^ which overlook.'* Mecca. 

His descendants at death amounted to 
40,0UU souls. — D'Obsson. 

When NcjQ4h ent*rwl Uio arW (the «iine writer ran) ^ 
took thu b' (ly of AiLuii in a rottln vrltli liiiii. .in<i «)ifii ha 
K't. Ui« ark realurod it to the i>laru he hod Ukeu it fn^a. 

Adim^ a bailiff, a jailor. 

Nut that Aiijim that kept the pwadise. hut that Adas 
tliat keep* the prl:«n.— Shakespeare, C 9m »d \ «r i^rmr% 
•ctiv. ac.S(UM). 


Aiiim^ 1 f i" " " ■ '^ ■ ■ 
of air Kowlri 

» L' him hi* litUe saving, lie 

h t» ^rvcn i-irLh tn the phniMr, '* A faiUiful 
Admn'* for win-4(?rooi«i],^^bAkee{ieare, 
Ai low lOi; /^ (1508). 

Adam's Ale» water, 

Adam^B Profeaaion, tallage, ^ar- 

«Ti«n Adam ddratf iwl S»« iwA. 
Wlw «M iteB Ik* vntl«tii*«Y 

flMfi It no vttUnt vivlJfaua but AuilaMi^ i 
•n4 tr»t»>nal'fv« ; nuf hold up Jk<6ua\ pn/h 

Adam BeU* a northern oatlaw^ noted 
(nr hiR arrbrrv. Tlir n^ime, like those of 
i iltnmof Clourtcely, 

} It>hn, la tynony- 

ij:,.i ^' - --r. 

Adamaa or Adamaftt, the minviml 
caltt^tl comn'dum, and sometimes the di** 
mnndf one of the hardest siibsUut<N» known. 

AdAmastor, the Spirit of the C^pe, 
a hulefiu? phanbf^m, of nnearthh' pallor, 
"en-ct Hi* ^| ... -.j ^^^j^ 

bi» h\n wrr ' a«d 

disjuintedi ^ fi*ce 

tmjTtU by : . c>c:» ■ihut Hvid 

flf«i hts V " The eailutA 

trembled at ^^ •• ■ "Jni, and the flend 
deamnded how Uiey dared to irei»pasi« 
*♦ where tievor ht^m hmvnl bi-* ritL'«* J>e- 
foff?** Ih 

()t'plor« tlnir , 

Adam'idA, a pUnet od which reside 
the untjom iif>intji of saintfi, martyra, and 
bfiicvrm. U'ru'l, ibit iinLTvl of the «un, 
w*>» f>rd<?r<*jj (%t tJi*» ' *^" ^ I' • ' '> to tnterpone 
iliii* pljinet. turtw*-* 1 the eaitlii 

»n' lu i4» pro<iu<'«^ li 

Adunlila^ In ohadltfAM i4> U** illriit* 
•inUlit mmrmhmUUttf tbi^mm, 

nuabialiu. and •nttUig tmrn. . , . „ 

•f tlia Atf . bvl A ImI la (iMp «eAWTOfilal1o«iaa OutiuOud, 
ttMkl i» kHnl d«t IAm «1M areolar. On «ainln« u> llw 

*94H«Bit toliw* Ik* •»»» F. *»> f> ' < It* iJH^ tttxi IntMtivptad 
•llMany^-KWr' -"^ "-J^- "-****. tut (ITTU 

Ajtiiune "f tiie tiiutioears 

of ilie Ih'*< , who pdtUed In 

TnHiti, \n 1.^14 be waj dbrov^ered at 
titr {MUriarch of a rab*n>% brou^fbt up 

Witt »i ^ ■ -^ -f of n?litd<'n *nd nrict 

r^ei/:*p\ In tnait the colony 

WM V placed uiid#r the prt>> 

IwUoiD Of t)i« llritidh Cjov«moie9it. 


' ' , the beaiMdeal 

1 volenl, but eccentrl 
I <if «nawiTvin:jr tr 
t*|Jri t V , *o 1 it; 1 e* m i ag, atl d pen 
bold af a iion in the cause of 
modest a» a frxA in nil i»cr»im<iJ m nttTrs 
wholly ignorant of thi* world^ t>eing **i 
it biit not of it." — Fielding;, Juiieph Jbn 

HI* iMrnlNc bto dmplkllr. bk wiimiliil pvMr 
tnUid r.jw to winimblr itihiivwl wMb pt^Mirry, Uwh> 
oriDlnd.««idth«|iiftt)n«itfrUilrOt. . , **frc4ai ... tin 
tM miv lb* mf*h Ufiatd un» of ICm rMtat iwotfwillnn* i 
9m mam at E<tJun. Ulie doo Ouiui^ mfva Aduta 
b«*f>»a1Ietl*Tm>raa<rti utrl loo unco. Imi ill* cnAfrf I|mi 
■pan Ml «boiild(«» . . , widioul tba lUfbtHl BtaLn to h 
f«|M(BUEm.'-«lr W. ftnitL 

Adder (<iev'/). It is said in f%bl 
that the adder, to prerent hearinif th 
voice of a chamier, lay* one ear on Ih 
ground and uticka bit iail into the otliM 

H* k»^nl» •!"»▼»# 'mm mtfm nU (l»l 

Adder's Tongue, tfafti ia, opKlo 


for ihm th»i «r* vttb r^l awta «r aitkaa m iMi 

Hi mmkmih out M birb tiittfvaUM uUftt imipM. 

Drvton, i*w»*{MMh UU. OfEQ. 

Ad'diaon of tha Ifortli,« aathor of The JTon of i 


Adelaiddt danj^bter of the 
Nar Yvonne, in lore with TlieadoreL 
ii killed by her father in tniai 
another.— Robt, tfephaon, Omttt of} 
ikmne (1782). 

Adeline {LudiA^ the wife of 
Heim* Airun'd^ville (4 wyL)^ a hi^hl; 
educated ariiitocratic ladv, with all th'^ 
rirtuea and weaknc^fles of the upper ten 
Aft(>r thf fiarliamfffitary acA«iuDj thii 
n< ' ' I^d tlieir boQ»e with fiesta 

an h were the duchcM of Fitt 

Fs ke of D , Aurora Bmby 

and d^^^n .luan *' the Rusaian tnrov.' 
'llie tale nut bein^ f^uijdied, iu» Miqoel I 
these names io »(}ven. (For the 
chamctcr, see xiv. M-^.) — 1^ 
Juan^ xiii, to the endt 

Ademar or Adema'ro. areh% 
of l^>^^io, an ccck-sin^tical war«f 

titmttry of Phi-am and i''a^l^le, 

Adic'la» w-ife r^ the ftoldan, wh^ Iti^ 
eltea him to dittreai the kin^i^dnai <i( 
Merdlla. \^lien Mcrdlla lendw bd 
ambaaaador, Samtcfit, to s^gotiate peaa^ 



Adicia, ki violation of intenuUional law, 
thrnftts her [Saniient] out of doon like a 
dog, and mU two knights upon her. Sir 
ArWal eoines to her rescue, attacks the 
two knights, and knocks one of them 
from his saddle with such force that he 
bruaks his neck. After the discomfiture 
of the soldan, Adida rushes forUi with a 
knife to stab Samient, but, being inter- 
cef ted by sir Artegal, is changed into a 
tigress. — Spenser, FaBry Queen, t. 8 

%»Tbe "soldan** U king Philip II. of 
Spair " Mercilla ** is queen Elizabeth ; 
'* Adicia** is Injustice personified, or the 
bigotry of popery : and " Samient " the 
ambassadors of Holland, who went to 
Philip for redress of grievances, and 
were most iniqoitoasly detained by him 
as prisoners. 

Ad'iciU, Unrighteousness personified 
m canto vii. of TA€ Purple Jhland 
(1633), by Phineas Fletcher. He has 
eight sons and daughters, viz., Ec'thros 
(katred), Eris {variance) a daughter, 
^os (emuiation), Thumos (urath), 
Erith'ius {»trife)f Dichos'tasis {aedUkm)^ 
Envy, and Fhon'os (murder) ; all fully 
described by the poet. (Greek, adlkot, 
"an unjust man.**) 

Adie of Aikensha^v, a neighbour 
of the Glendinnings.— Sir W. Scott, The 
Motuuterg (time, Elizabeth). 

Adme'tus, a king of Thessaly, 
husband of Alcestis. Apollo, being con- 
donned by Jupiter to serve a moital for 
twelve months for slaving a C^'clops, 
catered the service of Admetus. Jan*es 
B. Lowell, of Boston, U.S., has a poem 
on the subject, called The Shepherd of 
King Admetus (1819- ). 

Ad'mirable (7^): (l) Aben-Esra, 
ft Spanish rabbin, bom at Tole'do (1119- 
1174). (2) James Oichton (Kry-Um), 
the Scotchman (1551-1573). (3) Roger 
Bscon, called "The Admirable Doctor'* 

Adolf^ bishop of (Cologne, was de- 
tonred by mice or rats in 1112. (See 

Ad'ona, a seraph, the tutelar spirit 
of James, the "first martvr of the 
twelve.** — Klopatock, The Messiah, ill. 

A'donbeo el Hakim, the physi- 
te, a disguise assumed bv Saladin, who 
Tiiiti sir Kenneth's sici squire, and 

cures him of a fever.— Sir W. Scott, Ths 
Talisman (time, Richard I.). 

Ado'nis, a beautiful youth, beloved 
bv Venus and Proser^pina^ whoqunrrelled 
about the possiuion of him. Jupiter, to 
settle the dispute, decided that the boy 
should spend six months with VcniiB in 
the upper world and six with Proserpina 
in the lower. Adonis was gored to death 
by a wild boar in a hunt. 

Shakespeare has a poem called Vmm 
and Adorns, Shellev calls his elegy on the 
poet Keats Adona'is, under the idea that 
the untimely death of Keato resembled 
that of Adonis. 

{Adania is an allegory of the sun, which 
ia six months north of the horizon, and 
six months south. ThammQz is the sauic 
as Adonis, and so is Osiris.) 

Ado'nis Flower, the pheasant's 
eye or red maithes, called in French 
goute de samj, and said to have sprung 
from the blood of Adonis, who was 
killed by a wild boar. 

O S«ur. ri cMra a CytMr^ 
T% ooron* Alt. eii nalnniit, 
Du mng d' Adonis oolorfo. 

Adonis's Gkirden. It is said that 
Adonis delighted in gardens, and had a 
magnificent one. Pliny says (xix. 4), 
*' Antiq|uitas nihil prius mirata est quam 
Hespendum hortos, ac regum Adonidis 
et AicinGi." 

How fhall I honour tbe« for Uib ■ u ccei t 
Thy proniiMi are like Adoiils' gardena. 
That oae day bkxun'd, aiid fruitful wera th« next. 
Bhakaipeara, 1 Hntrg VI, act L m. 6 (IMS). 

An Adorns garden^ a very short-lived 

Sleasure ; a temporary garden of 6ut 
owers ; an horticultural or fioricultural 
show. The allusion is to the fennel and 
lettuce jars of the ancient Greeks, called 
** Adonis' gardens," because these plants 
were reart^ for the annual fe.otival of 
Adonis, and were thrown away when the 
festival was over. 

Ad'oram, a seraph, who had charge 
cf James the son of Alphe'us. — Klopstoca, 
The Messiah, iii. (1748). 

Adosinda, daughter of the Gothic 

fovemor of Auria, in Spain. The Moors 
aving slaughtered her parents, husband, 
and child, preserved her alive foi tl>e 
captain of Alcahman's regiment. She 
went to his tent without the least icsis- 
tance, but implored the captain to ^ive 
her one night to mourn tlie death of those 
so near and dear to her. To this he 
complied, but during sleep she murdered 


blio wUh hi* tfwn ^icymiUr. ItodcrJii, 
diigai«£ii ba « motik, litltii^ Luer io bt»ry 
Um deAd bodies c<f b«r hnttw^ mul |b«a 
•bi Yowed t*^ lire U^r ©nly «»« obttct, 

)d<j>on were overth]T.wD, the It wha who 
c*vr the word ftf ittacfc, »*Ticlory Mui 
Veiucaiice t " — Southttv, EtM^erk^k^ clk^„ 

ftcm^elJt. Wiitoo m3i,k*>sbim by 

Aeoordifitc to Sciiptort^ 1)« w&s ocus i;if tliii 
tdolf «jf S<fphiifvum, md SMmiaii'iv 
<ntrf«diiced hii w<*7«lxip Jol^ Sii&ifta« 
[1 he word mmxkm '■* the Ba^ty JoAgiUJii- 
©ent king/'} 

|>ll|liliT,^3 Etmg» a »«L «i 

HloiMtodc mtfodueeji kitn iaU Th* 
M^^fkkh. «nd t^jiTt^QUK him iti vutf^Miue^ 

ttviscliief. He is uiaMile to hate e%-(^ uoic, 
^eo SAton. cif whnK rank be is jufclooo, 
jind whom he hoped to ov^rtliFov, tb»t by 

CiQie KQ cTid t<> hi* *f n'itudt he might 
me the suiTftifie^id uf nil the created 
worldn^ At the criicitixlon he And S^Uui 
ftreiKith dnv«^ b^ck to bell bj Ohmd^doUf 
the ling^i of d«Alh* 

AMtobIg* {* 9tjL), A Frmch geatleaiAti^ 

vKii onv«vT<u^I«« ft 4;r«>#k «1jli¥f!^ flAmi>d Ibi-^ 

lATi t«) y^e ttfltL-M, If Its i« unfstthfttl 11 
i« Boi tmm wtmt of itshnUAtruf^cf, '" fm 
it i« liie oov «uhj«el of i^q»r f m^'fijillfflik 
to hsi ] «^ll nirt let Um ilMolbf MMilU 
ni ui4a I wUl out bt lltei «it 

iii|$ r>f it 

fur 1. 1 
1 tAJL. 

vh«n tloQS iHtIi koi 

t V#K, Jtnd iA COUIipMljf I 

^i\ m u u 1. 1 1 (,: uu>. ni luilts f^ It^ In ■ W <>Vft, 

itll my tiiik U lioWTitt loid ted (t it m 
hftn Io Urv* knfiUipr Mitf tftaot he I'/f v« 
hi* wife** tmc% r. ic. |).r>-.SlMike«|ii«i^ 

bf^ggajt ic ■ fftwM «f |;««ec M Pktniki 
(.1 ^v'l) vfti ia. wmf. Boiall^ Iml p«i^, • 
cotnvr tff words tint tprr i|,^<iiuM, 
•■drmiiEy mv^ Iml dd«ct)|i»i»l5 «wliwa«d< 
fimjrutkar iti imk Uit «il Vfiy low m?.* 
f»nijpitjc«.— i^hAii«|ie&i«« /.4gii^# I^mm^ 

fii^Aod to h* dengncd fof J<^ii FlAne^ 
amnmmvA "The Rimilatef'' a philolci^iatu 
Hi^] of emeu, th^ ptfi&utii.* tchcN'InkiL^t^^r, in 
d-j*? !!«me |>i«v* i* nJ^'* rrcauQt in riditui^ cf 

Adriatic wedd^ t4> the Dook, Th* 
ceremoMv i.f wc»Miii^ the Adriatic to Che 
dos^c of V^frmcc WEA isatifcuted in 1174 by 

ptpe Alexaader 111,, who jFaTetbedi>|*e a 
(fold ritip frijim hii pwb tin^tr in token nf 
the victifTprv mohirTt^d hv t}j¥ V^n,^ua.n 


Sr hnriing at them 300 rocks tl ont^. 
omer savs m«« call him "^gc-^on,*' but 
by the jfodf he is called Bri'areus (S j^f,), 
(MUtOD accents the word on the firvt 
syllable, and so does Fairfax in his 
tnmslation of Tauao. — See Faradm L&ftj 

JEgtffm^ a merchant of SymfnacT ill 
Shakespeare's Comedy of Erron { la^iJ). 

iBgi'na, a rocky island in the Saroaic 
gulf. It was near this island Liiat tbe 
Xtheniass won the famous navaH lattk of 
S«i'amis over the fleet of Xerxes^ ji,g* 
4^. The Athenian prows were dtfcarAted 
vith a figure-head of Athe'nse or Minerva, 

B^ioli-ad Ibe fintin fttm the brkam prov 
0( MAmtm o'«r iKcina's flooniy furvs 
. . . o'«rwhelBlu< aU Uie Persian promlwa ikHir, 
Alfinfate. iTjmM to tA« jirmiAdCv. 

£lia Ij8Blia Crispis, nn inex- 
plicable riddle, so called from aa io- 
KripUon in Latin, preserved in Ilolof^a, 
which may be rendered thus into EngUah : 


Ktolicr girl, nor Ytst. oor dd ; 
Neither harlot imn- titkIji ; 
But all lof theoei 

CmM off neither hy hanger, nor tword, nur ptAmm ; 

But Iqr all (of them). 
tUhhat in hcMven. nor iu the voter, nor in th« «irtb | 

But bkiius ererywbare. 

Keithcr the hiuhand. nor lover, nur friend ^ 
KMtiwr KTierlnf . oor rcjulciiME. uor weeplrif j, 
But all (of U)«<w;J— 

Thb— neither a pile, nor a itjmmld. nor a -vpfLlefm 

That li built, he knowxand knuws not ( Phkh U lal. 
It U a aeiiulcbrv cuutuiiiliig no con>so with ii,i ii ; 
Ukm turp^ with no leiMfcfare nrntidninic it ^ 

But the corpae and the wpuldtre are ims lyid tiM 
It wvmid $ontT*Jp ^tidf a man tn tka tOMtHm ^f tkt 
"^iia UHiu CrUjA*."-^. W. Draper. 

.£melia, a lady of high de^nc!. in Inve 
vith Ani'ias, a squire of infcrit>r mnk. 
Going to meet her lover at a LryaLiii|:- 
place, she wna caujjrht up by a hidf^i^uB 
moniit<fr, and tlirust into his den for future 
food. Helphcpbc (3 syl.) slew " th*.* caitiff '* 
and released the maid (cant<« vii,). 
Prinoe Arthur, having slain (Virl!aiiibu, 
ri'l'ia-ted Aniias from tlie durance ui 
P«a'na,(V)rrtarabo'8 daughter, and bri»u^lit 
the lovefii together " in jKrace and fitf tiled 
rprt" (rauto ix.). — Spenser, Faery Qneen^^ 
IT. (1596). 

^miria, wife of i?vge'on die Syra- 
fxnian merchant, and m(»ther of the twins 
called Ahtipb'olus. When the iMiyswtTc 
ihipwrecked, she wan parted fri>rii I turn 
tod taken to Ephesus. Here she en i^- red 
a coDT«nt| and re se to be the abbein^. 

Without her knowing it, one of her twiiM 
also settled in Ephesus, and rose to be 
one of its greatest and richest citizens. 
The other son and her husband il*^geoD 
both set foot in Ephesus the same day 
without the knowledge of each other, and 
all met together in the duke's court, when 
the iitor>* of their lives was told, and they 
becaiiie again united to each other. — 
Shakespeare, Comedy of Errors (1593). 

^mon'ian Arts, magic, so called 
from j£mon'ia ( ITmssaty)^ noted for magic. 

The jEtnonian, Jason was so called 
because his father was king of ^monia. 

^ue'as, a Trojan prince, the hero of 
Virgil's epic called ^Heid. He was the 
son of Anchi'ses and Venus. His first 
wife was Creu'sa (3 «//'•)» ^X whom he had 
a Hiin named Asca'nius ; his second wife 
wsa Lavinia, daughter of Latinos king of 
Italy, by whom he had a posthumous son 
called iT^ne'ss Sylvius. He succeeded his 
fnther-in-law in the kingdom, and the 
Romans called him their founder. 

According to GeotVrey of Monmouth 
" Brutus," the first king of Britain (from 
wh<>qi tbc island was called BrUain)^ was 
a dt'tifendant of yEncas. 

^ne'id, the epic poem of Virgil, in 
twelve books. Wlien Troy was taken by 
the i rreeks and set on fire, /Ene'as, with his 
fatbc-r, son, and wife, took ftight, with the 
intetiiion of going to Italy, the original 
birt]j|)lace of the family. The wife was 
JiHti rind the old father died on the way ; 
but ufter numerous perils by sea and land, 
vKntEis and his son Asca'nius reached 
Italy ^ Here Latmus, the reigning king, 
reveived the exiles hos|)itably, and pro- 
mii^-d his daughter Lavin'ia in marriage 
to .Kneas; but she had been already 
bitruthed by her motlicr to prince Tumus, 
%im of I)aunuR, king of Ku'tuli, and 
Tumua would not forego his claim. 
LutiMus, in thirt dilemma, said the rivals 
liiUbit settle the dispute by an appeal to 
arriH, Turnus being slain, yEneas married 
Lavinia, and ere long suceeded his father- 
in-hi\v on the throne. 

Jin)k I. The ericujve from Troy ; /Kneas 
nnd his son, driven by a tempest on the 
Bihnres c)f Cartha^'O, are hospiUibly enter- 
Luint'd bv (pieen I>ido. 

JL /Eneas tells Dido the tale of the 
wfuKJcn horse, the burning of Troy, and 
hb rlight with his father, wife, and son. 
Tbe wife was lost and died. 

III. The narrative continued. Tb« 
IhtrUiH he met with on the ivay, and the 
dcaili of his father. 





IT, Dido f*Jl» in Iot* with Mt>e^; 

biii Le i££Alf AWHV ffoaa (j&rtlta^ uid 
ttido, on n fuDcnU pyrvt pot* «> ^^ ^ ^^ 

there I lie ^Tn&f is > > !<t 

Thk bonk coTT^pon'l t jI. 

¥1. ^flcifiai viaitfl ih« ioJenial i^iveui. 
Thin book c<irtv»pc)Dd« to Od^Mwef^ %u 

Vn. Liitmu» king of It*lV, ^ntt-itaini 
Mn&Uy and prfnn^Cj} to him LAiriftin (hi« 
dfHi{^Jit«f ) ifi niAtritM^e, but ]}r|fM% TymUft 
liiul trt?en »lreiwlir betniUiod to hftf bv the 
DiodiPTi &Dd niriiei aa ftiru) tu r«9i«C 

VIII. FrepantiotiA nm betll ndu for A 
genfml war, 

IX. Tumus, during th^ Abiese* of 
^'F.uedA^ tircL!! tlie ihlpi ao^ MBwalU the 
camp. The e[>i*o4e of Niiiii ttd Ewfy'- 

X. The war between Tuntul «sd 
iltitca^ Episode of Blt^zeatlut and l^a* 


XL The battle cnntinucd* 

XII. Tumus challtfTi^^ J^&taa lo 
t'mgle i^ottibat, asd i« killed, 

F & — 1 1^ 0(117 nf airnn ud Caktni of Tlvf ti te^ 

•t M«d— W^ Jj>Au«. lb Ai«ll|iii'>lLiL 

JSmp ef Imii^, Eidt«x or P^t|*T 
(third emtary lue,). 

Afeti thti t^mih-wMt wind ; Kotai, 1^ 

fell «rjtilh. 

ir«tk«Mfi 4r^, tiiuA «« tkNwtfiv «tMda 

Adiean Ma^cian ( 7%#}, Ttfitrnili^ 

t/> AlA^ilin to W hi» noeW^ aiid nuriit Ibt 
luS U> f«"iich the ^' vrooderful )ii£r|i " imm 
*a ttHder^mniid e&%^«?ti, A» Ala)d/Jli» fv* 
fN*ei] to haiid it bo the niB^ciaii, be that 
biin in tfaf cavpn» and tcfl bliu iha*. 
AUddin contrived bo ^ out by Yitlam of 
« OU^ie d»i|r» and leiimini^ the iterrrt of 
Uic lanip, li«t..mni«' immfrni^fly riiib, butlla 
•itpcrf} |!KibKe^ and m&mi^ the vutian'f 
daiijfjhter. Severn! vcftti af ter^ the Af ritmn 
rt'-ulvt^ to ijiiike uiut>elf moj-ter of the 
U[iJ(i, and aectirdin^ij waJked w^ And 
d*iwn ljef*>re tbfl palace^ crying incci^ 
windVi '' Who wllJ chani^ old latiit>9 for 
new 'f " Abiddin bcin^^ tm n hunting ex* 
^umion, hh wi fc sent a eunuch to exckan^ 
tb« ♦* wtmderfui lamp " for a new ^nc j 
and foTtlivirith the map^ciao ^mmaiMled 

** thp filAit-*^ fii thp Innin in tranaruirt thM 




iimllar proverb b, ** There Mt hills bqrond 

PenUaod and fields beyond Forth.** 

Agandeoca, dAttghter of Starno king 
of Lochlin J[&»fi</<fiariial, promised in 
marriage to Finral king of llorven [nor^A- 
W8t of Scotland] . The maid told Fingal 
to beware of her father, who had set an 
ambush to kill him. Fingal, being thus 
forewarned, slew the men in ambush ; and 
Starno, in ngtj murdered his daughter, 
who was buried by Fingal in Ardven 

Tto dM«kMr of tto maw vmhrnid, and Ml the hidl 
oTlMrMrMri^ She CMic In aU IMT bMBly. Uk« tiM 
■HkuB tnm ttm dood of tb« «ut LovaUiMn wm tmaoti 
bcr MBshL Urn mp wm tikt ttm mode of am^. 
8k* wv th* yooUi, and loftrt him. Hs was tiw Moton 
tUkvtbtrmmL Her blue «fM raUwi In went on bin. 
and dM MMMd liw ebiar aMtoW-^Mra (" Fli«air 

Aganip'pe (4 $j/L)j fountain of the 
llDaea, at the foot of mount Helicon, in 

Wtam HalieiMi'a banDOokmi tprliHpi 

A thn— ad rflb thdr nia«ir progrmi taka. 

A^ape (8 »yl,) the fay. She had three 
sons at a birth, Priamond, Diamond, and 
Triamona. Being anxious to know the 
future lot of her sons, she went to the 
abyss of Demogorgon, to consult the 
"Three Fatal Sisters.** Qotho showed her 
the Uireads, which "were thin as tlioM 
•pan by a spider.** She begged the fates 
to lengthen the life-threads, but they said 
this could not be ; they consented, how- 
ever, to this agreement— 

Wbaa yafhrad •itli btal knife 
Bh Bae whkb b Um riiortaat of tba tbraa. 
■rtaooa bk Ufa mmj paaa into tiba next : 
Asd «1MD the neit fttMia Ukawtaa ended ha. 
That boch their Itvai najr lilwiriae be anneit 
Uato tiw third, tha* hia may be ao treUy vest. 
SpcMar. /Wry QlMM^ iv. 3 (USO). 

Agapi'da {Fray Afdomo). the ima- 
ginary chrcnicler of The Conquest of 
vranado, written by Washington Irving 

Ax'ario, a genus of fungi, some of 
wki£ are very nauseous and disgusting. 

d i«Bife In the holt {/orm\ 
leonyaoQ, tfaraM and LpnttU. 

Agast'sra (8 sy/.), a dwarf who drank 
the sea dry. As he was walking one day 
with Yishnoo, the insolent ocean asked 
the god who the pigmy was that strutted 
by his side. Vishnoo replied it was the 
pstriarch Agas^a, who was going to 
lestore earth to its true balance. Ocean, 
fai contempt, spat its spray in the pi^mv's 
fJMc, and the sage, in revenge of this 
iifront, drank the waters of the ocean, 
ltK?ing the bed quite dry.— Maurice. 

Aff'atha, daughter of Cnno, and the 
betrothed of Max, in Weber*s opera of 
Der Freiachutz, — See Dictionary o/Phram 
amd Fable, 

Agath'ooles (4 syl,)^ tyrant of Sicily. 
He was the son of a potter, and raised 
himself from the mnks to become general 
of the army. He reduced all Sicilv under 
his power. When he attacked the Car- 
thaginians, he burnt his ships that his 
soldiers might feel assured tbev must 
either conquer or die. Agathocfds died 
of poison administered by his grandson 
(B.C. 861-289). 

Voltaire has a tragedy called Agathocle^ 
and Caroline Pichler nas an excellent 
German novel entitled Agai/ioclis. 

Agathon, the hero and title of a 
philosophic romance, by C. M. Wieland 
(1738-1813). This is considered the best 
of his novels, though some prefer his Don 
Sylvio de Roialva, 

AffdiBtes (3 sj//.), the mystagog of 
the Acrasian bower, or the evil yemu» 
loa, Spenser says the ancients call 
** Self *' the Agdistes of man ; and the 
Socratic " demon " was bis Agdistes. 

Tbcr In that place him "GenhH** did call ; 
Mot that caieatial power . . . mffa AnUquity 
Did wiaair lAake. and good A«diatea call ; 
But Uaia . . . waa . . . the ru« of Ufe. 

Spenaer. Fairw ^mm. iL U (U0O). 

Agdis'tifl, a genius of human form, 
uniting the two sexes, and bom of the 
stone Agdus (a. v.). This tradition has 
been preserved by Pausanias. 

A^US, a stone of enormous size. 
Parts of this stone were taken by Deu- 
calion and Pyrrha to throw over their 
heads, in order to repeople the world 
desolated by the Flood. — Amobius. 

A^e. The Age of the Bishops^ accord- 
ingto Haiiam. was the ninth century. 

The Age of the PopeSj according to 
Hallam, was the twelftn century. 

y^aro recognizes Three Ages: Ist. From 
the beginning of man to the great Flood 
(theperiod wholly unknown). 2nd. From 
the Flood to the first Olympiad (the mythi- 
cal period). 3rd. From the first Olympiad 
to the present time (the historical fHsriod). 
— ^Varo, Fragments^ 219 (edit. Scaliger). 

Afred (T/te), so Wemmick*s father is 
called. He lived in *' the castle ut Wal- 
worth." Wemmick at '* the castle " and 
Wemmick in business are two *' diflfcrcnt 

waa a Uttle wooden eott»«e. In tlM 
of plota n/l fardeo. and tiia top of It waa eat •»% 




■;Nnt frwf fcptt *l^ md i»i. d*«i» Al ittitw ** etock 

Ag;'elaJ9ftGS (i/i>/j,Tr/), the pj^ipfAU** 
tophtT.— Sir W. Stott, {^unl' /utberl &/ 
Paris (titttc, Ryfusj, 

Ai^esila'iifl (5 suL], PbtiMt^ tdk 
B!i thjit AKesiUu*, kinc; ©f SMrlA, uni* 
DTJC day riisi'ovcred n4in|r ciM^-bctrM oa 
u lou^ Aticki lu> {ilejiAe and uniiM hU 

A'gib f/u*;), *'Tli* Thirf Cd«i* 

He WM wreck etl oii iht loAdilofic inouii- 

Uin, which dreir all the nail* *n4 Ifim 
bolt£ fmm hi J »hip ; but he ovrrthraw the 
brnfifp sCAtnt^ oq the mcittiitiua-t<»|i« wldcii 
WAS the cAus* of tlifi miidiwrf. A gib 
visited the ten yr>uTii; nieu, each of whom 
had k«t til'? ii;;hi eye^ and was carried 
by a roc to the palaca rrf the forty prio- 
f«^4e«, with whom lie in fried ii yeah The 
fiiTncesKi were ihen n^l*lii}jf<?d t^ It^rc Tor 
forty dayt^ Imt «ii!tru»t«d him wit]) il:ie 
Vrya of iht paUu^, with free peTmisswii 
in enter every nM>m but one* On, the 
f(»rtletli dav curiosity' itiduirrd hmi ttJ 

werilldiiir fifi» iK-eoTnplitbcK)^ yi* iiK 

fVi9i^4^>„ till- ^^rl *.•■'' -,-^4 

biJl r«t VXp'Tin • M 

tufn oyt fur I 

She wai brooch t 

wh£t«ah« mm 1 i^ 

of titv differi^iMt ^.^ -. .^ ,n , „^i,..,tj.i 

nns{irif*tieM, tli« iiifT«*f?^iin?*» tw^ws^n tJ^tn 
low rrf TTtrn ftfinl w*itit*«tt, nfiij that 
of (clTb frtr KifK t*^^ ' ■ ^f 

i]iamM«*e« aad i*j ftii, WK- i* 

wumiinjhu«>4 •!»« i|LiUj th« < , :^J 

ttaiifltai^ line ffv<'iisii|t f*n m baikiKuy a 
yotia^ man pa<«wfa ana lakw oY Iijm hai 
U» li«fi ibe r^iirtia tlie MaJitt«| h« bitwf ft 
ieoQChi and thJM time* abt doc« tke MBMf 
h« mmm and teiii«i«i ««v^al tlmci, 
bofnug eftdi Uii»e, and the do*n aa t^ 
bas tMoien taught to do by aakn^iwled^ing 
Uie aaliil£. Of £<Hirae,'the |'4>ijQg mas 
(fffrmcj!) l*e<rnnie«i her lovfft whnm «Ke 
niftrrk'j, and 11, Amol^.he lofcs tii* 
^ ' ni I idci w if e» " f See I* i n c 1 1 w i r f„ ) 

EUc fast rAfnes. She prvUitiAt U> \m 
wholly gosnpbUtiirated atid verdantly 
iiJt^tnuous.^Mvi^cA /V-o>rfr6 (fn>m Om 
" A(;til»" of MuUfefC, V6xJt tk* F^mtfti*, 

A^^nes (Black) t the ccitintitiiR cvf Manlii 




BUUlty king of the Moon, in Orlattdo 
hmamoratOy by Bojardo, and Orlando 
F^triosOj by Ariosto. 

Agravrain (Sir) or Sir Agravain, 
garaamed **The Deskous** and also **The 
flaa^ty." He was son of I^t (kinpf of 
Orkney) and Marpiwse half-Bister of king 
Arthur. His brothers were sir Gaw'ain, 
■ir GalienSf and sir Garcth. Mordred 
was his half-brother, being the son of 
king Arthur and Margawse. Sir Agra- 
rain and sir Mordred hated sir Launcelot, 
and told the king he was too familiar 
with the queen ; so they asked the king 
to spend the day in hunting, and kept 
watch. The queen sent for sir I^nncelot 
to her private chamber, and sir Agra vain, 
■ir Mordred, and twelve others assailed 
the door, but sir Launcclot slew them all 
except sir Mordred, who escaped. — Sir T. 
Malory, History of Prince Arthur^ iii. 
142-146 (1470). 

Agrica'ne (4 syl.)^ king of Tar- 
terr, in the Orlando InnatnuratOf of 
Bojardo. He besieges Angelica in the 
castle of Albracca, and is slain in single 
combat by Orlando. He brought into 
the field 2,200,000 troops. 

■ach rorcea imC noC nor w wida • camp. 
Whm Acrkan. with aO hk DortlMru povan, 

MUtoa. fmratUm Mtfatmt^ UL (ISTlk 

A^rios, Lnnipishness personified ; 
m ** sullen swain, all mirth that in 
himself and others hated ; dull, dead, and 
leaden.** Described in canto viii. of 
The Purple Island, by Phineas Fletcher 
(1636). (Greek, agrloty " a savage.*') 

Agrippina was granddaughter, wife, 
•ister, and mother of an emperor. She 
was granddaughter of Augustus, wife of 
Claudius, sifter of Caligula, aud mother 
of Nero. 

%* Lam'pedo of Laccdiemon was daugh- 
ter, wife, ftister, and mother of a king. 

Agripjr'na or Aff'ripsme (8 «y/.), 
a princess beloved oy the *'king of 
Cvprus'son, and madly loved by Orleans." 
-^Thomas Dekker, Old Fortunatus (a 
comedy, ICOO). 

A'gue (2 syi,). It was an old super- 
stition that if the fourth book of the Iliad 
was laid open under the head of a person 
suffering from Quartan ague, it would cure 
him at once. Serfenua Samroon'icus (pre- 
eeptor of Gordian), a noted physician, has 
amongst his niedicial precepts the follow- 
ing :- 

Affue^heek (•SVr Andrew), a silly 
old fop with " MUH) ducats A year," very 
fond of the table, but witii a shrewd 
understanding that '' beef had done harm 
to his wit." Sir Andrew thinks himself 
*' Old in nothing but in understanding,'* 
and boasts that he can *'cut a ca(>er, 
dance t)ie coranto, walk a jig, and take 
delight in masques," like a young man. — 
Shakespeaie. Tircl/th Nujht (16 H). 

Woodward (17X7-1777) alwajt cuataJnod "air Amlrrv 
Agor-cLeek " with inflnita dn>Uei7. a^sUd bjr t* at n. 
preadun of " rattaX Ai-mAj' wliich fcare au |j«culUr • 
sart to hia ifarp/«<.— Duaden, Li/t «< Mddtnt. 

Cliariea Lamb •«/« Uiat "inn Whiia nw Jiuiiaa Dudd 
on* ev«iiiu( 'D A]/u«-ch*fk. and raowtiLInc him iiaxt 
dajr in Klect HtrerC timk ufT hii tiat. and tuiutad liiiii witit 
" Hav^ jrtiu. sir Andrew : " Dudd aiupljr waved ttia tuuid 
and exclaimed. " Awajr, fuol I * 

A'haback and Des'ra, two en- 
chanters, who aided Ahu'bnl in hi:i rebel- 
lion against his brother Misnar, sultan of 
Delhi. Ahubal had a magnificent tent 
built, and Horam the vizier had one built 
for the sultan still more niagniticent. 
When the rel>els made their attack, the 
sultan and the best of the troofis were 
drawn ofp, and the sultan's tent uas 
taken. The enchanters, delighted with 
their prize, slept therein, but at nii^ht the 
vizier led the i^ultan to a cave, and asked 
him to cut a rope. Next morning he 
heard that a huge stone had fallen on the 
enchanters and crushed them to mumniics. 
In fact, this stone formed the bead of tlie 
bed, where it was suspended by the roi>e 
which the sultan liad severed in the 
night. — James kidlev. Talcs of the OctiU 
("The Knchanters' "tale," vi.). 

Ahasuo'rus, the cobbler who pushed 
away Jesus when, on the way to exe- 
cution. He rested a moment or two at his 
door. " Get off ! Away with you ! " orio*! 
the cobbler. "Tnily, 1 go away," returned 
Jesus, "and that quickly; but tarry ihuu 
till I come." And from that time Aha- 
suerus became tlie " wandering Jew," 
who still roams the earth, and will c-ou- 
tinua. so to do till the "second coming 
of the I^rd." This is the legend given 
by Paul von Kitzen, bishop of Schleswig 
(1547). — Greve, Memoir of Paul von 
Eitzen (1744). 

Ahor'man and Ar'gen, the f ormei 
a fortress, and the latter a suite of im- 
mense halls, in the realm of Eblis, whert 
are lodged all creatures of human intelli* 
gence before the creation of Adam, and 
all tlie animals that inhabited the earth 
before tl»e present races existed. — W. 
IJeckford, YatUck (1780). 

Ah'nied {Prince)^ noted for the tent 




us by tb« fairy I*»r*-lMWim». 
«rhieh would cnver ■ whole krmjr^ nud 
vet vmiild fold up io tumU tkaA it oii^ht 
be csanied in one's pricket, Tht paiti« 
gwxi fftiry &t«o giiir« hi at klle Appk of 
SatiiJLrt&iid'f & tAOftetA for m&( diMSMik— 

Abmcd, ttc/')» 

*a* Solumon't cnqpet of gr^on citk vu 
l«g« ein^Bgh for *ll btj »rmy ta itanii 
nfuiDf and when. Arntn^ed the carjict wm 
w&fted wiiii itai freLji^hl to asy |»f«itw thii 
kiijg: desired. Thin caf p^t woiUd &!•« fnid 

The mhip Skfd'fi^ttir hod AfMll^ tl««tic 
\ittat^ foj- ihangh it would ^14 ^1 tlie 
inlubitmatt of V&LballjL, ii migbl b« 
f (tided up like 4 sheet <>f papsr. 

Ldiyanl^ the hoT»c of the fi?«r »qn« e»f 
Aymcjn, grew larger or imaUer Ai one of 
more of Uim foot muA inottiit«d It, (See 

AlLoliba'm&lu ^inddaagbter «f 
Cwtt, »ttd iutef of j\jiAh. She waa 
loved by the seraph S*njiA»'aT *'*'! li*te 
lut fttitet wai ^med otT to aoother planet 
wh«tl the fr lood came.— -BvroEi, M^mv/i 
mid Earik. 

FnotQ. T&e ori^iml orf tliia fambUu 
tallE'er wai GaJia^saii, wh*tm mmhod M 
««av«fsacif»i i« thut l>urifi«ttied ; 

latkub ^«ii« a4i idU ■»»«> kH UwOi ibIijii 1m M hA ii 

Lt<» r*HNf ff. Kto vw )u« «swl ^ oIAhIn «h lAkfft ofi ^ It i 

mm ti n . ■ [S«T. pmf. *«a «i I 

•4) « Thy M « EBUvn o^ Mfi. r' 

Airlle ( 3nb mri of}, a mYiLli«t in i 
•efvU-« M kiQis C!liarl«s L^Sk H\ ikv 

Ally {*%r C^nn^), a maa of fomtiH^ 
IQ bve with UlranMa, the ward af aif 
Ftsam Gn|«.— itft, UcfiUlimi, Jib 

Atjax, BOO of Oiteai *«tf}| 

gimemlly called '* tlk« U^a." * la evDav- 
qucDce {}f hti itijinteoce In CaAsan'dra, tlie 
pn4|)hetic daughtcx of Friaiu, hi* »hip 
waa diivtn on a T*>ck, «id he pertah«d at 
tea,— Homeri 6*tly«*c^, 'iv\ B&i ; Tiigil, 

A'Jax Teramon. S<^ptiocla haa a 
tnf^tHiy tailed J/a^, io which **tha 
3Q[iadniaa "" «i:»ttr|^«* a ram he niL«t*kei ftt 




nd ■itehieroiu,'* whollj abuidoDed ** to 
iadoleiioe aiid liceniionsDen.** One cUy 
•a African nuij^ci«n aocottod him, pre- 
tending to be his uncle, and tent him to 
bring up the '* wonderful Ump,** at the 
•ame time giving him a ** ring of safety.** 
Aladdin secured the lamp, but would not 
hand it to the magician till he was out of 
the eare, whereupon the magician shut 
him up in the cave, and departed for 
Africa. Aladdin, wringing his hands in 
despair, happened to rub the magic ring, 
when the genius of the ring appeared 
before him, and asked him his com- 
Bftanda. Aladdin reouested to be delivered 
from the cave, and he returned home. 
By means of his lamp, he obtained 
■ntold wealth, built a superb palace, and 
Busrried Badroull>oudour, tne sultan*s 
dandier. After a time, the African 
magician got possession of the lamp, and 
caused the paisce, with all its contents, to 
be transported into Africa. AUddin was 
absent at the time, was arrested and 
ordered to execution, but was rescued by 
the populace, with whom he was an im- 
mense favourite, and started to discover 
what had become of his palace. Happen- 
ing to slip, he rubbed his ring, and when 
the genius of the ring appeared and asked 
his orders, was instantly posted to the 
place where his palace was in Africa. 
He poisoned the magician, regained the 
hun^ and had his palace restored to its 
original place in China. 

T«^ fw4F >MMMT b Ataddtn'a hmpw 

9rnm, Dam Jtmm, lU. UL 

AladdhCi Lamp^ a lamp brought 
from an underground cavern in **the 
middle of China.'* Being in want of 
food, the mother of Aladdin began to 
•emb It, intending to sell it, when the 
genius of the lamp appeared, and asked 
her what were her commands. Aladdin 
answered, *M am hungry; bring me 
food ; ** and immediat«»iy a banquet was 
set before him. Ha\'inj^ thus become 
aoauaintcd with the merits of the lamp, 
he oecame enormonsly rich, and married 
die saltan*s daughter. By artifice the 
African magician got possession of the 
bnp, and transported tne palace with its 
contents to Africa. Aladdin poisoned the 
■sgician, recovered the Iam|>, and re- 
Inaslated the palace to its original site. 

AUaMm't PcUaoe Windowa. At the 
top of the palace was a saloon, containing 
tvcntr-four windows (six on each side), 
■Bit all but one enriched with diamonds, 
nbisB, and emeralds. One was left for 
the soltaa to complete, tat all the jewel- 

lers in the empire were unable to make one 
xo match the others, eo Aladdin com* 
mended "the slaves of the lamp*' to 
cuQiplete their work. 

AUukJUm'* Jiinff, given him by the 
African magician^ **a presemtiTe 
agunst every evil.*' — Arabian SighU 
f' AUddin and the Wonderful Ump^). 

Al'adine, the sa^ions but cra^ 
kiD^ of Jerusalem, slain by Raymond.—* 
Tftsdo, Jeruaalan Iklivered (1575). 

AVadtne (3 s^/.)} "<"> o' Aldus "a 
lustv knight.** — Spenser, Faery Quetn^ 
Tt 3 (1596). 

Alafll Anlaf; or Olai; son of 
St h trie, Danish king of Northumberland 
(d ltd 927). >Vhen yfithelstan lAthelsta%\ 
tduk possession of Northumberland, Alas 
fled to Ireland, and his brother Guthfrith 
or Godfrey to Scotland. 

Out IliMdWt IftukHii. 

In tforNorthunbrteii Sridn with most vfctorfcNB nlsbt. 

rut MaM mmI hli po««n to mora Ingkicioai Sight 

DngrtOb. i>o<y»IMM. stt. (1S1S)l 

Al Araf^ the great limbo between 
pamdise and hell, for the half good. — Ai 
Ki^raiL, vii. 

Alar'oon king of Barca, who joined 
tbr itniiament of Kg}'pt against the cru- 
^<Iers, but bis men were onlv hali 
arDi«d. — Tasso, JeruacUetn Velitered {1575), 

Alario Cottin. Frederick the Great 
of Prussia was so called b^ Voltaire. 
" Alaric ** because, like Alanc, he was a 
gn»t warrior, and "Cottin** because, like 
CoUin, satirized by Boileau, he was a 
vi^ry indifferent poet. 

Alaa'co, o/km Dr. Dkmktrius Do- 

mKtBiUH, an old astfologer, consulted by 
Uie earl of Leicester.— Sir W. Scott, 
Kcmlxcorih (time, Elizabeth). 

ALas'nam {Primie Zeyn) possessed 
CJffhc statues, each a single diamond on a 
gold pedestal, but had to go in search ol 
a ninth, mure vsluabic Uian them all. 
Tbsfl ninth was a* lady, the most beauti- 
ful and virtuous of women, "more pre- 
cious than rubies,** who became bis wife. 

Dim pur* ami pwlect [woman] U . . . lika HI— "mil 
tad;. vorUi Umoi alL— Sir Walter SooU. 

Aiasnam'$ Mirror, WTicn Alasnam was 
in search of his ninth statue, the king of 
tilt; I icnii gave him a test mirror, in which 
hi' ivas to look when he saw a beauti- 
ful girl, *'if the jriass remained pure 
aud unsullied, tlie damsel would be the 
B^Liie, but if not, the damsel would not 




hm wfaoUf frtii* itk bodv *nd in mind.," 
TbJit iFiiir»r tTftji culled '^tbe boacJbMoiie 
of v[jtiie."^J.ni6*t*ii XighU ('* l*Enu 

Um m the *'tH«tt/' whi^ti l^nanitf iiwf 
tomiethts A fAmily, Sh?UcY tew ft pmm 
«i£itl«d Aioii&r or th4 ^^ ef Soli- 

bto Lirw.i«ft AJvUMk .4>ii7TiA. tVumfilit^ iRI, 

AHOao (>'/.} «'f Ver'nlAitt^btd Mt cq«i* 

of SlAxmii&'nu:!! Ilcrv tiliitii^ i:rr*#ral of 
Dincle'tiAo # itfiiiv in V*n\mit^ yrh*9 lUW 
Qmitifln^ fell ftt ii^tiQcM. 

AJba'nia, the Scfltcb Hf»chlMttfl«^ mi 
e«.U«^ Irutn Aibaanot, ion «if linutc. tlie 
fiivtliH'JtU Trnjan kini; of liiriLAiQ* At tJb^e 
dc^th nf ffrute *^^ liriuifl " wha divifted 
bctwn-a hif three f^ns : UhtHo hji4 F^ng- 
lAQil; AIbA[U4-t hAd AJUnia [SLviksmi} ; 

Albert^ fmihtr of r; ri'.rrii 

dAiiffhler wom *li»->t bv -. > i _« ■ f 

BHliab and fttdran t 

ontnt^ put aU tlic I 


Ji«f^ tn Ck>rr .« 

fkstn4 Kt«tPiT. 
•• Lftlle" 111 llie M 
uu4vr Uk* ttMiac 

All»©rt of 
lif\itla«r of Ar&rvi. i- 

dmt «f Ihe *' ^KTct I n I ■ ij nil- 1 1 e iotdc* 
tiiriL^s flt>(>«sirti a» • ^' hlAck ptti^i ut $C 
FawiV/ And sumc'time* jm tiiv "' munti tff 
St. Vktoire/'— sir W, Srutt, ^IMW o/ 

Albertaz'zo tuamed Aid*, datrgfater 

nf Otht:»j duke f»f Sjuotij. Hia MOi 
wtr* Uiio *od Fuko. From tbi# ftE«3B 
(jjiiB^ tbf^ k^j'al Family r*f England. — 




of jmniahmcnt, they wer« cast adrift in a 
■hip, unmanned, but the wind drove the 
veMel to oar coast, where these Syrian 
dameela disembarked. Here tliey lived 
the rest of their lives, and married with 
the abori^f s, *'a lawless crew of devils.'* 
llilton mentions this legend, and naively 
adds, *'itis too absurd and unconscionably 
gross to be believed." Its resemblance to 
ue fifty daughters of Dan'aos is (Mlpable. 

Drayton, in his Pdyolbkm^ says that 
Albion came from Rome, was "Uie first 
martyr of the land," and dying for the 
faith 8 sake, left his name to the country, 
where OfTa subsequently reared to him 
**a rich and sumptuous shrine, with a 
monastery attached." — Song xvi. 

ABrioHj kin^ of Briton, when OlMron 
held his court m what is now called " Ken- 
sington Gardens.*' T. Tickell has a poem 
nptm this subject. 

Albion wars with Jotse** Son. Albion, 
■on of Neptune, wars with Her'culcs, son 
of Jove. Neptune, dissatisfied with the 
diare of his father's kingdom, awarded to 
him by Jupiter, aspired to dethrone his 
brother, but Hercules took his father's 
part, and Albion was discomfited. 

■aM AlbioB wMdwl anai acUmt the Km of Jor^ 

Albo'rak, the animal brought by 
Gabriel to convey Mahomet to the seventh 
heaven. It had the face of a man, the 
dieeks of a horse, the wings of an eagle, 
and spoke with a human voice. 

Albrac'ca, a castle of Cathay (China); 
to which Angd'ica retires in grief when 
die finds her love for Kinaldo is not re- 
ciprocated. Here she is besieged by 
Ag'ricanS king of Tartary, who is re- 
■olved to win her. — Bojardo, Orlando 
Jnnamoraio (1495). 

Albracoa'8 Damsel, Angel'ica. (See 
above.)— Ariosto, Orlando /Wkmo (1516). 

Albuma'zar, Arabian astronomer 

CUnatMlBrB. oar eocka. mink Ml wbai k o'doctob 
B!)r tiMt utruloty* that htfhatb utaralbr 

7«ied •odVaoitht ; Cor h« *M oavcr tauiht 

Sr Albonanr. the lutroooi 
or by rthoiomr, urliioa of artroooaqr. 
J. Bkaltao. rhiHf Bptmm (tima. Hearf TIIL). 

Alcai'ro, the modem name of Mem- 
phis (Egypt). 

Xor srcat Akaizo Micb magiUlCTnct 
Kqoailod. in aU thdr rorio. 

MUton. Purodim Lett, L HT (M68). 

Uceste (3 At//.) or AlcestlB. wife of 
Admetns. On his wedding day Admctus 
BQI^ected to offer sacrifice to Diana, but 

Apollo induced the Fates to spare hii 
life, if he could find a voluntary substi- 
tute. His bride offered to die for him, 
but Hercules brought Iier back from the 
world of shadows. 

%* Euripides has a Greek tragedy on 
tlienubject (Alcestis) ; (iluck Hasan o|>era 
(Atceste) libretto by (Udzabigi (170f») ; 
rhilippi Quinault produced a French 
tragotly entitled AlcestCy in 1074 ; and 
Lagrange-Chancel in 1694 produced a 
French tragedy on the same subject. 

Aheste' (2 »y/.), the hero of Molibre'a 
comedv Le Misanthrope (1666), not un- 
like fimim of Athenx^ by 8hakesp<rare. 
Alceste is in fact a pure and noble mind 
soured by perfidy and disgusted with 
society. Courtesy seems to him Uie vice 
of fops, and the unagesof civilized life no 
better than hvpocrisy. Alceste pays his 
addresses to Oelimbne, a coquette. 

Aleote Is an upfig!it manly chinietrr. but mde and iin- 
Mtteot. awu of Uia ordinanr dfUitlM of Ufa.— ttir Waltar 

Alcos'tlB or Alces'tes (3 »»//.), 
daughter of Pcl'ias and wife of Adme'tus, 
who gave herself up to death to save the 
life of her husband, llerculos fetched her 
from the grave, and restored her to her 
husband. Her story is told by Wni. 
Morris, in TIte Kart/au Paradise (June). 

%• I>ongfellow, in The Golden I^tycndy 
has a somewhat similar story : Hcnr>' of 
Hohenock was like to die, and was tuld 
he would recover if he could find a 
maiden willing to lay down her life for 
him. Elsie, the daughter of (jottlieb 
(a tenant farmer of the prince), vowod 
to do so, and followed the prince to 
Salerno, to surrender herself to Lucifer ; 
but the j)rince rescued her, and made 
her his wife. The excitement and exer- 
cise cured the indolent young prince. 

Al'chemist (r/u), the last of the 
three great comedies of Ben Jonson (1610). 
The other two are Vol'itone (2 syl.)^ 
(1605), and The Silent Wtmuin (Umi). 
The object of T/ie Alchemist is to ridicule 
the belief in the philosopher's stono 
and the elixir of life. The alchemist 
is "Subtle," a mere quack; and "sir 
Epicure Mammon " is the chief dujHJ, who 
supplies money, etc., for tlie " transmu- 
tation of metal." '* Abel Drugijer " a 
tobacconist, and " Dap)>er " a lawyer's 
clerk, are two other dupes. "Captnic 
Face,*' alias ".lerenrv'," the house-scrvan* 
of *' Ijovewit," and *** Dol ('(»minon " are 
his allies, llie whole thing is blown 'ip 
by the unexpected return of ** Lovewit." 




Alcibi'adefl (6 ft/L), ihm Aih&khm 
pimermL Heing bjinlshed by Ifce vrnftte, he 
oiHtchei if!vait ihc critYf and lh» UfOAte, 
bein^ uRAble lo offer i«Hutanf«, ^^pti. 
tlie g,mtcs Uj bim (p.c, 4MMW). Tbj» 
ineid«nl it introduced by Sh^Mpviire tn 

Alci1>iiule« hMA fumUbed Dlwar «HtJi 
tbft lubjert of an En^rUah mg«dy (l^^K 
■Ltid J. (i. rie CAnipt^lTDa wiLb aatt ia 
F^rench (JJcihieMit;, ld*t^). 

Alcibradea' Tables mandated i 

or 4(<f tinned piper, wiUiia, EmrtviUf bu 
m curiotw dissertntirjo an tJntmn Ubles 

»mbleiniM>tic &f f&ljebuod Bad di«aiiuiiilii^ 

WbjkM vaali flitiH to cwb|>«vl Ib lli^ 

WbME MiMl Mlfaf lU P«n Inuiil I'l^ »4lt 
Ikwt &» vtiUKKit, Iwt n^cM iMMmtf i^UrfAi- 

iLloi'deSi Hefqule*, hiq (rf AleeiHB; 
■nv RtroTig and vo-tiAiit hero. The drannA 
e«il«d //(frtWrj /iirnu it by Kurif/idt*, 
6«i«ia ba« A tzmg«dy af tb« utnie title. 

TaltaBi ]h9«d fkltuL curl cJ &luvnfa«ff * 

; 1 «#Mrr 17. BCt ^. K. - CUM]. 

twe«ii the fklM and tro* AwfihilfyoB, 
which ia *ii^ented by Mencnfy, wha 
litiseattiM Sc«'ia, Hifr •kve orf Am|ilii* 
ti^ofi. By tibti amaar nf Jii{>it«>r» A^r- 
ni«Ba bwmMM Ib4 mother of 11^/ctlI^. 

t«li«(D dili ptbl fot « ooai«dy 

AlcoftiTjaa, the tam^ by wb)c& 
Bahdab wai called, aft^f be tamv etti < 
Ihc pftnec'i ni&uih, where he rr««a«il ft 
dl oiiMll^a, Ukwg tuU of ftrttTV mfiratl t _ 
fo<^ Chut t!i# imnct At«. ^jinlji«r^rtial 
eare ** Uu; tnvny fell aw Ihp UiTvUhip i*f 
Satniiirftftdiii/' — ] 

UiTitUhip « 

-Eabciaift, r^y 

dsQgliter of Am AiIk^q ^f DnmMroa, and 
ibiliraf Oabcoi. Thecalifih HamuD-al* 
Eudiid, Id A it <>f j«y«itsy, eomi 
QftD«ia to be ptA to anlk,^ c»d bia 
and cbtcr bo do MBaa«« for tline ^ya &i 
Daoiaacufl, and men tii be haniAhed 'ffon 
Syria. The two l&diej nitib« to HAf^dtdi 
and were taken la by the chad table 9ya* 
dec of the jewcllefi. When the j«a}oai 
fit of thfi ckliph wa nver he wot for the 
tn^o exiles. Aleolomh he made hiA irife, 
aod her mothef he tiiafried to hb v^ixier. 
— Jro^Miii NiijhU ('^Gaufliiif tbe Slave oC 
Lot* "*).. 




19 ALBS8I0. ^^1 

Clivrr, mad iUught4»T of MenodAa'Iftfc— 

fft4irf of r,unhil<TjL and tbe «IBD««?^^H 

Amm^ (Mfmdo f\trio9&, etc, (1516). 

^AfiiVfui, A marrhlonrcx of TlortDCtf, 

Aldo, ft ' ^vu not invited bj ^^H 

^9fr ' ,it arrt}* 

ViitfZ*\ U» 1 urt Idt valUTU iQi^^^M 

gnat Ui nive 

Morvcti^iitr Imiw ti! hwitm^^^^l 


'•■ ^^^ 


<' ■ 


:; ^ 

Urnii (ii.l f 

lUiti in With iv 

.,au., r>.-„ ,.t .,iu.i...-,/.a«Aii(»*nie tWta»^_^H 

of Lorft "). ^^^H 


AldrovfiTi^ r*-.^/ ... .i..t_:,, of ii^^^^l 

A] ^ ^»e of the ftfrnn nf the 

Rjaymond ^'^''^'^^^^^l 

IM^"' in Ifivv wfth Prt^dlTn, the 

whTtiot^ — Sti . 'np|]w31^^^H 

■ MT 

(tittle, Hnnry II.J« ^^^H 


ATdrick the Jfvoii, eonf^iKir of 1 

itf^ fonDtMH of r*«rby.— »ir W. H 

n-rrr^ of Oe Pmk (iime, OiatIm ■ 


Aldus, fftther of AJ'^aimi (3 t^/.}i tli« H 

'Mu»lv knigbL"— Speutteff /brry Quemf ^M 

h<»wi;¥«'r,i»«Mtjut kiiiuti, 

?i. » (UiU6). ■ 

); hfi mutlK hi« r4j)*pp<'<it|'' 

Alel^ A w»rnor wlin invented diet il ^| 

• )n5 bow 

t! ; Bt IrMt po Isidore ^ ^^^M 

f^ ' ' - Mjntion 

16 uciiUt ikie ijirco*^^^! 

IT jfc* •aaM'w *4J4oJ ; ju *na*i *.,*» /ouraolf; tli<l 

^ arwHk. tD oM« Tt^vt ^^^1 


i-ac" '\f 9«m St^nditk, U. 

Aleutor'lii, fk atuiic cj(tnc*t4e(l frtim • ^H 

Aldibc i ^eophomio [AV^ 

•^iii''kn. It b tftid Lo mndur Ujb «»«ai.rer ^| 

^tbo^re^H-jM f 1 cImract«T in 

inviiiblo, to mWny \hitvi^ Ui unlidnt^i ^M 

enclijintiiicnt, K&d fiOJiure liive.-^Jbfirror of ^M 

(Sir W*1Ut ^ 1 i jMince Bol- 

Stuni->. ^H 

l«>tyti«,t}>' 1 name, from 

Alec'tryozi, « routh iPt by M&ni to H 

Mnn at:*! ^| 
M»n la ■ 

V|V»«1._A. , ■■..■ , r.. ...... , ,.,,.»;, 



A4ul lr>im iPM^ U» •' i<r«rd ^^^^H 

Al^dina (^ tO^)>I«Julerof tbi^ sorond 

"' '■■ -'■■'■- -:-■-,- ■ -;,-. 

Aleph, tbo rutin t/e" i>j«#/i^ <»f the Rer, ^| 
WiiU»m lUrvey, of nc4fk«t (1I4I)H- ). ^1 

iU- ttlJlJ iJieif »Lfii : 

,i< ^^H 

L«— XttAJK), ytfTUJU} 

' ^H 

• >{tl.Mir\ IT IIiMuififtwlu'd 

Alossio^ the voufi|7 man with whom ^^^| 

Liuft was liv'tn^' In cunoubmAijV, when ^^^^M 


Elvi'tio proiniiteij to nmrry her. Khiuo ^^^| 

I'ktt nn 

miuln lii(> |inittii«f* nut <if piqiit*., lip<'rtu«A ^^^^^H 

1 1 i . 

- - ^ ' ^ ; ''^fnl to ^^M 

r^rbt V 

' ■ ■ ■ ■ 

..irtu ^^M 

AlJiTHES. «0 


AloaJi^, «iiJi whr»m the hftd lw<*ii 

Alethea (a »vl), »«^ «mKa««*4fif frnta 
R^-pt tfl kinK- A rail' ; iiulrtle, 

faJa*^ Jcecitffcil^ mill t . . -i'litmy^ 

Aleiander the Gf«ftt,« tiafoitir 

by Ntttlutnid U^i (H^lH), la Pf«sui w* 
have a no^Mfi t*alli 4 litnivm if Jlcodwfnr, 

ItiMih (.' liulvt uri'l ITlSi. iiiii>f §vnihpir tefn (];;i«- 

Atfriityl:r tun Athit^t^.. AUXwai^f*r^ 
bdn^ at,ki*d if lir v^uiftd nin It crmrmA 

my mytn[M'it4Uim nfc «U t(iQ||r&**' 

Tht Ferifkn Aic^mi-T^ SinsHur (1117- 

AUi>in*f^;r vf thi AWU, ClmrJe* XII, 
of vSw<:dHi(lil^2-inH), 

tnm*i, '* it i« ^oii^b lot Frf itiec^M ikft || 

Ail' nintl-r in^ui Ktf*hJ^. AlcKil 
(rnccHinUTncl fvufihiiiil in » «st« In 


lilts I ' \*m I 

j^im Ki ••■ lows,** 

Aio\AJi*liL'f. ' iararc I to ini* ? "' "The i 
replied* " Till the hcttV<^n At»oiFe tho 
thd iwftli iwiiftiiLh Lhw »ri' **f if^m*** , 
Aiiilrr i»t»w wml fi»rth and fruTirl n it^^rMi 
•Itftft^t of thr ^>'n;lif- r<'i|tiiri'.T. .ni^i i 
to c ■ 

WUtlj ; 

wmi*U-.. ^ - ... ...-..► .... ;.,, 

\m nhifvUi W9i» Mtil tip (At>f titm IU> wriirtl 4 

Kim yfmm imuy nnd Jlirw irr»n i^ 

Alex*suit>T^ Hr excUiiiiiMl, "' Vilij Itrip&nd ! 
hiii4- dftfc 3 Mil infp-st th*? fw?** with yntif 
iiiiidiM^l* ? •* '*Anrl ydw/' tfpli^ the 
|>lml<*. ** bv wh*l ri>j!it do you ravv^e th« 
woHd? IW'AUM I have wnly an* tbi|v 




governor of Qi/t naivcne, patron of arU 
and magic, etc. 

Alfonao, laflieT of Leono'm dTjste, 
and duke of Femm* Tasao tbc |)oct fell 
in love with LtoQi>fm. The duke confiaed 
him as a lunatic for le^^ea yean in the 
asylom of Saota AunA, btil «| the e^cpinL' 
tion of that peh<xl he wm TeleaHd throu^^h 
the interceuii^Q of Vincenxo Gd}ijcii{;;i>, 
duke of Mantuu. Bvroin lelcra to Ihu in 
his Ckiide EanM^ ivl m. 

AiftMVs XL of Caetil^f wFiftue ** fkrour- 
Ite*^ was Leonora dc Guzmin^^Dpni^ltli 
La Facorita (an i>|j«i^ 184^), 

Alfon*90 {Dtm)^ of S^viHr, a inaa of fiO 
and (iusband of donDs Julia {tweniy-Mven 
yean his junior), af vrhotn he wm jealuiu 
without cause. — ByroUi Ih/n Jvan^ i, 

Aifon'wa, in Walpole'fl tale aair«j The 
CasUe of OtraniQ^ AppAtrs as an appari^ 
ti<m in the mooolight, dilated to a gigantic 
form (1769). 

Alfred aa a Oleeman. Alfred, 
wishing to know the strtn|;th of the 
Danish camp, assumed the dii|;uise of a 
minstrel, and Msyed in the l>siii!<<h cAmp 
for several riayj^ Atiiusiiif^ the toldiers 
with his harpiniT and ninji^i^. After he 
had made hittiH^lf master of all be re- 
quired, he returned hack to hiff t>wn place. 
—William of Malmesbyrv (twelfth cen- 

William of Italmeshury tellt a limilar 
■tory of Anlaf, n l>iitiij}h' kin^^ who, he 
Miys, jost bef-Te the Lattle of Bnioan- 
buifa, in North umlierlAndT euterod tbe 
wnp of king Athqiitan as a i^leenmo, 
bwp in hand ; Ajid no pleasi>d was ihe 
Koffliih king that ha pive him gold, 
Aiusf would not keep the gold, but buried 
It in the earth. 

Algarsife (S sf^L) and Cam^llo, som 
« Ctmbuscan* king of Tartarvi and 
giJta his wife, Algaraife married 

CTiMinr, Wtm STuJr* 1 r«fft 

Al'gebar'(*^lAifi(/^mJ**). SotheAra- 
"uwcall the conistelbiiion Orion. 

Btgiit with biij^ » blpiluK HfiT, 
Ortni. UunTtf vl tb* JhfAcL 

All, cousin and lon-in-law of Kla^ 
wnwt. The beauty of his eyee is pro- 
»«.;bial in P«r,'^iii. ' Atfn Hi tli' {*^t\f9^ of 
Ali") is the hi-bej?t troiii|'litiiiMEit a Pernian 
»« pay to bcauty,-^:iianliii* 

All Baba* « p^t Persian ifCKriU 

^nieTf who arriilentnllv Wmn the maf^e 
wordfi, **l)jion Sesame''!^' "StiutSeftam^ i* 
by whirh Kp gaiiisi <^trani?e into a va«l 
cavern, ihfl Tt^jHiMjlnry nf stolen wealth 
and the lair itf ff>rtv Ihievei. He makei 
hittiBplf rt(!^h by nlundenng frnm these 
store!* ; and by iJie ehn^wd t'linniniBr ff 
Mriz^&na, hia f enisle flnve. thc> captain 
and bJa wHcle ImtitJ of tljicvpjt are eslir- 
pat^. In rewani of these ser^k-ctftj AH 
ttaba gives Bil«»r^'^iMTia tier freed oni. and 
mstriee hi'f tr* hia nwn mfi,^Af'ithi,tn 
SitjhU I" All llaba or the Korty Thitncs"), 

AMhjIp " You have as many jJiiiset 
at Hnbin of Itagmhut," (See Koni?r qw 

Al'ice (S ly/.J, sister of Tatentine, m 
MifH^. TfiimuMf^ a ecimwly by Ikaumoiit 
and I>tcher(l(ni1]. 

Al*itv {t <.v'.)» fnwter-sinter of Ri^hert It 
Diable^ ami briile nf Hnii^lialrlo, the Xi»r- 
tnan truubndthur. in ^li'verbiiTrt nftcra ut 
RubrrtK* ii J)iitttJf>. She come* tf> Pnkmio 
to |>lnce in the diikr> hnnd In* iiiuther's 
'* will,*' which he is enjoined not to rraid 
till he id 4 virtu^Hifl man. 8he ia Jiolicn*! 
CUfi'l jicniui*^ rtnd wlicrv Ilertmini the 
^rnd, rlaiti]^ bid ifout as the price nf hii 
ill det'd^ Alic-e, by reading the will| le- 
elAiniB him, 

j4rj<r (2 J^yf*)* ^^^ servant -girl nf dame 
Tnnitecmft, wife (*f the innkeeper at Al- 
tfiiiL'hnni,— Sir \\\ Sk*>lt, P^erii &f fA# 
Pt^k (tim«t Charles IL). , 

j4f tcTj the miller's daugbterf a story nf 
happv tint Inve i^^ltj in later vexirs L^y 
an uld man whu bad niarritd the ruritic 
benut^'. lie wa» a dnnniy Lad when he 
fir&t loved Alice, aiid rbe pEijt.<iii»n roiijii-d 
him into manhniKL (Set.' Ho^K.] — ^Tenny- 
Bon, The Iliiler'a Aii*/'iliT* 

Al'i'r {Tl*c Lmiti), wiilc^w of Waltct 
knight nf Avend {2 ifj/L).—S'iT W. Scntt, 
The M<4tii}iUrtj (lime, Kiijuiteih). 

Ai'ict [Umat], called '^OU Alice Gray," 
a quofidnii) it'nuot nf the lonl of Kftvi!ns- 
wotrtl. Lu<"3' Ashtnn \h\U hnr iifti^r thfl 
funeral nf tlie old lonl.— f*jr \V. .S<'f*tt, 
Bfidt of LamineruMJiiF (time. William 

Alichi'nci, a dsvil in Dante's fn/ermc 

Aiicia |!avc her h^art t" Mo*by^ bat 
mnrri^'c^ Anlm fnr hh (MtKitioiu As a 
wifc^ she pluyed ffili"i'lv with her hus- 
band, aiidl iven join**!! ]il<j'^by in a J^hrt ta 
murder hiuw VacillaiiD^ between lort 


foi If Of by ftnd rejpcct f^r Ardcti* the 
rfpefitA, mini ^oei on tmniaK ; wifth» lo 

Moflby*! ^Lmag.Ew wiiL Alkiftli pMitons 
Impel li«r lo eriZf but her }ttdg:intivl Aev 

«at<» ber ujd tin^tiiiiU ber Un tlit nicht 
cfiurac. She b*lt*i ajicl p^rlcyi witli vin, 
liki^ Halumiit mnd of cuurM ii lotl,'— An^,, 

lin^t iFhimt^jipg nJie,** who o(ii5& bold 
loni flAstiDf^ti tmdeT her diftftlE, \mt brr 
ftnaoyitii£ je^oujn)-, ^"vi^xstiuuii diiy«, H«d 
j*mutf, joyiesa tu^hts," dnrre him »wiiy 
fTCini hcT. Ecdag joiloiu of JADe ^ii«itt«» 
the lusemtM her to iht duke «f UlORsr «l 
■lluriiM lord Ilvti^^ from bii alkg^llo^ 
and tbe Icird pTx>iecioT vma tmmpm up « 
cbuijgv aguQit both ; ihm loid i^iaAilMirliilii 

Ju» SliorB be pcn^cuted fot witch ciaft, 
Aiicifi gncfl nving DULd.— Eowa^ /cifitf' 
5*ar* (1713). 

n0 Unt of tiRiiBw% *««t te to* Mn. Bilkiiir b^ 
".iUltli^'UiiM] into t *«Mi mwpi flMWign lMl9 bwA 

^Itt^vlm m/rnvrii. «Ht ihinMii ib« i 
sari>4 tiMt. 1» »«U toD( hum mA ■ 

ji/k^ifl (jy ^<w?;V)« danebtef of lord 
Wftldemu FiUarM.^-Sir W , ScoU« /eaii- 

Aliprmiido, ■ Cbrijtw li&ittbl, mht 

diMViveifhl the ariDour of E^nakla, lotl 
tix^k it t€ G€.dfr*y. Botb inl^tred tbM 
RinAfdo bad !j*l»n ftbilo, Iml wn<P mW 

AJ^irlB, itiimn of Lowtt FiiicbAr'iAi 
who» asder the AHixmed cumr of Ft r'- 
Mion, u»tiipptnl» I^k Stxiib from 
£Mbi, an btf *ay 14» bn siamud tA tba 
«attao» tffi wint bftr In^ «ed cm^aii 
tlip l«iliitm of tb« jintrnw ey ietliiif bit 
tdM. Vllspfi introdtiQed ttt lb< shJIaii, 
bcr jey b nnbonndeij an ditcoTRHfij^ ibal 
FcimitioTHi th* ]*tmU who Has woij h*f 
h4Bft, b (Ji« matas tii vrbtim tbv i» b^ 

AUflB under (^Tf). iufiiitn«d t^ni-' 

v^LJ?(, Aivn of tbe ^'iT'^d prince Itoudvifiv 
And hii wife jLti-t*hfd*m (d fyi^.}. Sir 
M^rlCj km^ ^ i.'oEtiwmU, munleiwl tir 
B«'udiriu«, wb47 iriyi bin brrstber^ wbOi 
AlJnundvr wai a m«m child* WbsH 
Albniitider wif kiiii:bt«cU hit m other gar* 
bim his faUiertdouKkt, *M>ebled with nld 
blocKl**" sad cbarpctl bim tfi rfTff*CT hi* 
father'^ dc-aib. AUsnitider marr.^j All* 
U TV-aIs Fd^^rim, &i!>d had one a^m oUJud 
BcIkn'ir^Tu* le Ik^u^. Tnptead of ftd^ 
fiUifi^ ht* mother » ehanpc* he ira* hjoi- 
«Hpif **fa.l«dT and fdoniouftlT ilain** by 
king Mark. — Sir T. MalwiTt History cf 



mad how she ii to be baut«d.^ — Ben Joa- 
•on, IV Sid ^lep^erd (I63?)> 

Alkoremmi, the fmhe^ baill hj the 
Matweoi on Uie bill of '' Pied HotM*.** 
Bit ton V^Lhak wid«d tire wiogi to it, 
o<i« for the gt».ii^cmtimt of mdn of tb« 

L TiiK ETRftitAL Bj^xqueTi Id which 
w«« tsbtes eoreretl both ni^t «ad day 
with the tiici«t Uaiptliig food*. 

U. The NecrrAii or the SotTL, filled 
with th/t best of po#c« and TntisJciA.Qt, 

III* TilJE DKU*SlfTOFTHB KtK*, ftUfid 

with tb« iDi^Bl enchuiting objecla the eym 
o&alid locik OQ* 

IV. T|[EpA1^CROP-PlERrUMC8,Whi^ 

wa4 ^wA^i perraded with the ■weetest 

V. Ths RcnesAT op Jot, filled frith 
the loveUett and miMt eedu^Te hourii,-^ 
W. BKkfoid, VaiAek (1784), 

AU-a WfiH that Bna* Well, a 
coQ»«d3r W Sh&kespeu« (159J^K The 
hen iuut hefoioA m.n B^ftrein coaat of 
Komillofi, And HerenA a phviiciui'A 
dftOgfaUTt who numed by the com- 
BuDd of the king of Fptncft^ bill part 
httmoMt BeitfAin thought th« Udy not 
■ttllkiciitly wdl-born for hint. Ulti- 
Bst^y, hawevcr, •!! eodi wtlL (See 

The itory of this plmj !• from Pilnt^r'i 

Giilftta of NaHKm, 

All the Talents AdoiiDJiitretioo, 
formed by Jord Greirilie, in 1806, on the 
destb nf Wjlliiun Hit^ llie mmtben 
were lord Greville, the e*rl Fitnrilli»ra, 
^-bcotint Sid mouth. Chftrlee Jnm^ Fox» 
«wi Spencer, Wiliiiim Wtndh&iiif Icird 
Erskine, lir Ch*rle» Gf«y, lord Miuto, 
lofd AuckUnd, toed MmTK, Shendjui, 
Richmrd FitEpatrickf and lord £UEa- 
borough. It was diuolT^ in 1007. 

Ctai *" Bll ifat. ladtau ' wwmt jvm noiu mIiiid . 

An Alt, lo^ of RiveEiRwood)^ a decayed 
Scoldi nol?1e)si«Ji.^air W. Scott. I%i 
Bnde oT Lmamermoof {tim& William 


Atimm {Mr^J)^ coloriel Manneiif^'i 
boiitekeeper at WofidbDTT]e--^ir W, 
%ta^ Qu^ ifinuHrngr (time, GtttTgi 11*)- 

Atiam [Brccs CAMEitO!<], 4h« »er- 
puLSi Knt to artcpl Haniifth B^n 
■eTiTiih, bv whon: he ii ahot— Sir W. 
ieett^ The fiigkiaivi Widov (time, U«of^e 

tnen, intn»dn<:ed bj fir W« Seott ia 
Iva»koe, (S«e Allih-a-Dalk.) 

Allegory for Alligator, a nudi^ 


fiMrltkn. rjrf jeihWji. m. 3 (atta. 

Alie'^re (S rjjL)^ the faithful eenrast 
of l%it]|i Chabot, When Chabot was 
accuaed of treaaoo, AUf|nv wa« put to the 
raek to make him eonfeae iomcthinf to 
bin master a daoiag^'t t*ut the braTe feUow 
wai true as steel, and it wa* aft«iwardi 
aboim thai the acaitation hjul no foan- 
dadnn but iealouaj'. — G. Chapman and 
J. Shirley, Ths TVw^y e/ PAuip Chabot. 

AUolu'jali, wood-*orT«l, ao called by 
a cormption of ita name^ Juivda^ where- 
by it ia known In the iouth of Italy. 
It« official tmme, XiuWo, U aaothcf ahade 
ol the lame woid. 

AUetnayiie (f 9y'.), Germany, from 
the French AUemagne, Alao written 


Tilt f^tfaiVf] twn P*o«ii>f4 vitli p«liii. 
O h>v«UiM' lOKldw of A ]« ourtii. 

Allen {Rf^ph}^ the friead of Pope, 

itnd beocif actor of Fielding, 

Lit baailil* AD«Q. vjith M hwkTSRl AUM. 
Do find bx m^^K UHl tWi l« And It IkoM. 


X//at ( AoAfT), a aoldier in the ^^ ffoards ** 
of king Richard L— Sir W. Scott, Tht 

Allen. {Mitjor}t ^n officer in the duke of 
MonmoQth't armv^^Sir VV* Scott, Old 
M&rtalittf (time, dhatlee IL). 

Allej (J^)f k«. the Stock Ex- 
change Alley ( London )» 

Jobn lLh«« ahw aOthj ttUv* ftmn in tta ABv* Mind 
t« Um QmtUHut i maA dtad kl ^ wt of llftK-AM mmI 

All-Fair, a princesi^ who wm saved 
fitviti the l:wo iioni (which yarded the 
DeMTt Fairj') by the Yellow Dwarf, on 
condition lliat ahe wi>uld b^ame hia 
wife. On her return hoine the hoj»ed to 
evade tliis prt>mi»p bv rnarrviuj^ the brave 
king of the Gold Mmcs, but on the wed- 
ding dav Yellow Dwarf carried her 
off Of) a Spaniih cat, and eonflned her in 
Steel Cas»le. Here Gold Mine came to 
her r»Hiue with a mn^c eword, but in hia 
joy at tlnding her, he dmpf>«d his iword, 
And WHS Ktabhod to tlin beArt with it 
by Yellow Dwarf, AU-Fair, falling on 
the body of hai lover, died of » broken 




bnit. Hie nyren rbAt]i|g«tl Iha dnd 
InTofB \nin %yr'n |ifthti tr>!e».^CoillllsSC 
ir^unov, Fri'Ttj Taiti (♦*Tbt YftUtfW 
DwjiTf,'' iG82), 

AIlm-a-Bale or Allen-&-Da.le, of 

N*>lti.n(;!;httHL><hiri!s wa^ tu \vb mn.trii*il t»i n 
Iftdy who i^tiirTH*d his Itive, JjMt hrr 
jjftpenta coiuii^IIihI her to ff*f^0> yontig 
AJlin Ut AU iild knh^H of frp*ttk 'Ail in 
trkid hL3 tale^ in Hi>l>m 11 o<^, moA tha bold 
foretLer, ja the di^i^iis^p of « hidw, went 
10 Uw church ^^h^re the weddinip <*r»» 
iniTny vr«s to tftke pljife^ Wliira ih» 
««dilin^ tiiirty !iLi?p{)«dl iti, Kcbtn rltmd 
ftietaimeat **Tlji* is no ^t mntj*h; lb* 
tmdl« ^hall be married nnly to ihr tiiaii uf 
Jmt chnii<N&/* Thitn Doufidins: UJ* hofO 
AUin-H'flnle *rith foqr *Qd tfrwily lnvwr* 
mpn entered th^? chureh* Tilt IjUhr^Ji 
f«fusoi1 iM rhJirry the Wf^iiiim to AHir* till 
f,hf Ninnpt K»ni Ik?^?!] iL«:ked thrw ttiiiitf» 
1*rh*'nr'iip4T'n H*>I'iTi ].inlUHj <iff tbif t4ihff»*i 
(<<jwii, Aijil Lnvii*itu«i Little Juliii to it, itjio 
liMkfd dki' bacinh H?rcn ttmei^ and jwr- 
fiirmerl this neremc^riv.— /tw6*ii //iajtI nrw/ 
Aihn^'i-lMh {A bidlMl). 

Allnut f AVO, laDdlonl nf the Swiii, 

{.»r,i4T; Alfnftt^ hi* wife 
t>/rr^r Aftm^f ihn bnt! lord's bod.— 
St^rlmg, A An /'Wf'^m (IHi'iiL')* 

«piume4 bf tifveial ll«ini£iii«a pna<!r«^ m 
htf th« wKoad eftUpli of ti}« Abbi^dik 
dftuMlf, iiJitn«i] Abtni GlftAu' AbdAllib 
fH^ ..,r.,,;*j^^ f.* ^ w«»irt#-L Mm by Ot^ 
tjiin if thif y^nnrw la £l{i4ini^ 
.: .mmff^ Iti ^ffinfci y1Mf>1lb- 
,nl-^,^.,J].^lJ,■• ' <•' mtnmr," ft 

of Fe^ Mm- .^-^ 

tTM lin#tffn«f mamm*. tm. feitl ^i«> 

fotitid & city hi « iTjertniw i |wt, wfu tftid hy 
A bemtU iuiii»fid B«t;dAd Ihjii « m^^ 
^llfd M«#dM Wili d««tififd to Imp lU 
fmrhdf^r. '♦ 1 urn iJiftt tiiin." t^^'i *!*? 
e*lir>b, uTid Up thrtf (j>ld tint 1^ a 

h.i« l»07hn.i<| M <HK*t tfuilc * •- I 

pftwn ' 1vL*tiur*«' MT»rin*ir 

^Vi; if^A*/), Alm&ator 

fmtlL[^ ' ! cftttfd it Bif^dad, 

Ji/m«Ti'rf,ir, in Pnvleu's tja^*«dy cif JX# 

A6iKm'^-jr, lackey of Mud (^1 cm uid lief 
ci^iiniti TAthnii, ihtL &fT<^ct«lJ Boe IjuJiet ia, 
M^'H*»re'* cnm>>dir of £<i iViiSsKttBCT 



flf Induu In his engagement with the 
united fleets of CamlMiya and Egypt, he 
had his legs and thighs shattered by chain- 
shot, but instead of retreating to the 
back, he had himself bound to the ship- 
mast, where he *^ waved his sword to 
cheer on the combatants," till he died 
from loss of blood. 

Similar stories are told of admiral 
Bei bow. Cynipgeros brother of the poet 
iEschylos, Jaafer who carried the sac rod 
Vanner of **the prophet" in the battle 
ll MutA, and of some others. 

WMtImI bf Um CKODotw' nice, tn •him* torn. 
Hit tU|^ Ur KsttMvd o'er the wmrei an bum* ; 
BoMnd to the niMt the giidlike hero tUuda, 
W%f«s hb prowt nrord and cbeen hb woeftil handi : 
Tho' «liMb end mm* tbeii wuoted aid deny. 
To jkUd be knows not ; but hf know* to die. 

Oinwxim. Ltuiad, x. (ISSP). 

Almirods (Tha)^ a rebellious people, 
who refused to submit to prince Pan- 
tag'ruel after his subjugation of Anar- 
chus king of Uie Dipsc^es (2 syl.). It 
was whue Pantagniel was marching 
against these rebels that a tremendous 
shower of rain fell, and the prince, putting 
out his tongue " half-wav,'* sheltered his 
whole army. — Rabelais, Pantagruelj ii. 82 

Alnas'cliar, the dreamer, the '*bar- 
ber*8 fifth brother." He invested all his 
money in a basket of glassware, on which 
he was to gain so much, and Uien to in- 
vest again and again, till he grew so rich 
that he would marry the vizier's daughter 
and live in grandeur; but being an^' 
with his supposed wife, he gave a kick 
with his foot and smashed 4U1 the ware 
which had given birth to his dream of 
wealth. — ITteArcAian Nights' Entertain- 

Echep'ron*B fable of The Shoemaker and 
a Ifd'poth of Milk, in Rabelais; Tlie 
Miikmaid and her PaU of Milk, Dodslev ; 
and Perrette et le Pot au Lait, by Ia 
Fontaine, are similar fables. La Fon- 
taine's fable is a poetical version of one 
of iBsop's. 

Tlu Alna9char of Modem Liieratnrtj 
8. T. Coleridge, so called because he was 
constantly planning magnificent literary 
enterprises which he never carried out 

Alnec'zna or Alnecmacht, ancient 
s of Connaught. 

la AloeanB wae the warrior bonourad, the first of the 
mtm of £olaa ((*• Be/we ^ amtth lr*tandi.—Ottian 

Aloa'din (4 .t.v/.), a sorcerer, who made 
for himself a palace and garden in Arabia 
called *'The Earthly Paradise." Thalaba 

slew him with a club, and the scene of en« 
chnntmcnt disappeared. — Southey, Tka- 
laba the Dettrnyer, vii. (1797). 

A. Ii. O. £. (that is, A Ii[ady] 0[f] 
£[nglandl), Miss Giarlotte Tucker, from 

Alon'so, king of Naples, father of 
Ferdinand and orother of beliastian, m 
The Tempest, by Shakc?[K?are (IfiOi*). 

Alonso the hrate, the name of a ballad 
by M. G. Lewis. The fair Imogine was 
betrothed to Alonzo, but during hi? ab- 
sence in the wars became the bride of 
another. At the wedding-feast Alonzo'b 
ghofit sat beside the bride, and. after re- 
buking her for her infidelity, carried her 
off to the grave. 

Aionso the brare wa« the name of the knisbt ; 
The maid was the fair luogloe. 

M. G. Uwis. 

Aion'zby a Portugnp«e gentleman, the 
sworn enemy of the vainglorious Duarte 
(3 syl.), in the drama called T/ie Custom 
of the Country t by Beaumont and Flet- 
cher (1647). 

Alonzo, the husband of CV)ra. lie is a 
brave Peruvian kni^^bt, the friend of RoUa, 
and beloved by king Atali'ba. Alonzo, 
being taken prisoner of war, is set at 
liberty by Rolla, who changes clothes 
with him. At the end he nghts with 
Pizarro and kills him. — Sheridan, Pizarro 
(altered from Kotzebue). 

Alonzo {Don), *' the conqueror of Afric," 
friend of don Carlos, and husband of 
Leonora. Don Carlos had been betrothed 
to Leonora, but out of friendship resigned 
her to the conqueror. Zanga, the Moor, 
out of revenge, persuaded Alonzo that his 
wife and don Carlos still entcrtoincd for 
each other their former love, and out of 
jealousy Alonzo has his friend put to 
death, while Leonora makes away with 
herself. Zanga now informs Alonzo that 
his jealousy was groundless, and mad with 
grief he kills himself. — Edw. Young, The 
Revenge (1721). 

Alonzo Fernandez de Avella- 
neda, author of a spurious Don Quixotey 
who makes a third sallv. This was pub- 
lished during the lifetime of Cer\antes, 
and caused him great annoyance. 

Alp, ft Venetian renegade, who was 
commander of the Turkish nnny in the 
siege of Corinth, He loved Francesca, 
daughter of old Minotti, governor of 
Onnth, but she refused to niarrj' a rene- 
gade and apostate. Alp was shot in tha 




mti:^ and Prmat^escft dj«d of m hroketk 
he»it,— Bymo^ Ste'ie of Curmih* 

JkJph, » TiTeriri X<^n»4u«. mcutiotieHi 
hf TtiliTi^Jge in biu K*it*lfi A'*«n* Tli« 
Qame i« tn InvcntiMn uf Coleridge's i 

Wfti-f* Atftft III,. «rii r«4 

pfrtiili^t iti th» iriBv nf t!h*rScintMfnf| 
i^ttin in titfp by doriiWii<». — Ari*vto, 
**rt'ifvi>j f\ir*o90 (l51i3)» 

*4l/j4XtM (S av'.}* of clMiic iti»r¥, l»eittf 
]iiiA»rttniiieIy ia Ioyc with Ar*tliii^«Aj pur- 
i»iml ttLT^ but ftlie 0!ed frnm liltn tn a 
frrithtr n-nd wnn ehjin^^cd by IHaoa tulo 
a I run tarn, whidi t»eant her namei 

Alphon'so, i.n tm^ible old ton] in 
TV piiifrht^ 4 cQRiedv by fiaiutaiiml «ml 
Ftotrhef (Hi21). 

Alphfm*mj kmq at Kap](% dtpowd hf 
U» bM>i*r FfWIerick* S<if»*ti€i tri*d tc» 
poiftTiia him, hut did eoi fiicc*p4, Clti- 
matdv he ret"<ivereil hb crnwn^ und Ffi'd- 
rritk imd Snnno w«'rt»iMil to* mnnant^ry 
fiif tbo f<M* of th*^ir Ijvc:*.— H<Miumnnt 
Md ri^tdier, A M\fe fora Month {IG'H), 

ji^/Viowv^ M)n rif count PfNJro of C*nt»- 
brim, iif|jftrw*nls kinj: of SjAm. fie iraf 
rlii^tittjd U\ il&Tm^ind. d^iUirhter of lord 

nf this wc»rd Li v^ery db9tii»tfBL ftomt m^ i% 
IM tin mvuntjun nt yidhv of th^ mmT irf 
tlift •rvvtj 4ii^r|im, iXhf'f* think it U 
tht {uLfni^ inf thf* dr>^ ithTJf tip in the i!4irK 

•< ■ jmmfB of tlw »av«a d" 

Ai^d Lhcif 4«g lUir&fr'.-^SAki M i 
3tf iti, otitis. 

Alrliuuda, 1h% ^mnm mhe 

c»nl«(uj»kn». W!i«n vii^ildc it h aLvaji 
in thv f^ntrm s»d drw uf ft wttimii«— 

Atsa'tl&, tin' Whitrfriirt* •Anrlaiarr 
ftir drbtiifn jinid lawr'^brrftk**!*. Tb? nmni^ 
in mktn fniin AlmttJi (jlliarif, b I'lmoe*), 
ft Mftt of ^ftr ftnd IftWknDa* wli4ra 

Fftlftliiie. Sir WUter SwW, ia Tht Fvr- 
iHtiitw fjf Nt*it4^ hits i^r»|thii*»Uy div<^ribfd 
the lif«i »nd ^CAlts of thin rfHiker>% but ii 
jfTcoiUy Lfidebl«ti to Shftdvieil'ft cttinusdv, 

Alscrip f Jf'*-*), "tlicheifM*/** Tulgiif 
prtrTt-j»*i#, ftffect^il, conceited, IH-nstamit 
And i^iirant. Ha^di; had n fortune ic(i 
her, «be Assumes tb(!! ftjra of a wntrikta of 




Altazno'ruB, king of Samarcmnd', 
who joined the Effyptiiin armament a^^ainst 
the erusadera. He sarrendered himself 
to Godfrey (bk. xx.).— Tasso, Jertualem 
Mitered (1575). 

Althaea's Brand. The Fates told 
Althaea that her son Melea'ger would live 
jost as long as a log of wood then on the 
fire remained unconsnmed. Althaea con- 
trived to keep the log unconsnmed for 
many jears, but when her son killed her 
two broUiers, she threw it angrily into the 
fire, where it was quickly consumed, and 
McleAger expired at the same time.— Ovid, 
Metapk. viii. 4. 

Tb« imUJ bn.nd AlthjM barocd. 
Sbakmipmn. 9 Hfnrg VI. act L k. 1 f\9t\). 

(Shakespeare says (2 Henry IV. act ii. 
•c. 2), Althsa dreamt "she was delivered of 
a fire-brand.^ This is a mistake. It was 
Hecuba who so dreamt The storj* of 
Althffa and the fire-brand is given above.) 

Althe'a ( The divine) ^ of Richard I^ve- 
ksce, was Lucy Sachevcrell, called by the 
Doet, Lucreiia* 

When low with tmoonflnM wlniy 

Horen wtthfn mr g»t«, 

' 1 mr dlTtji« Althm brtr 

D wbbpcr at mjr grate*. 


(The "grates'* here referred to were 
those of a prison in which Lovelace was 
confined by the Long Parliament, for his 
petition from Kent in favour of the king.) 

Altisido'ra, one of the duchess's 
Mrvants, who pretends to be in love with 
don Quixote^ and serenades him. The 
don sings his response that he has no 
other love than what he gives to his 
Dulcin'eaj and while he is still sinfpng 
he is assailed by a string of cats, let into 
the room by a rope. As the knight was 
leavins the mansion, Aldsidora accused 
him of having stolen her garters, but 
wfa«>n tile knight denied the charge, the 
damsel protested that she said so in her 
distraction, for her garters were not stolen. 
" I am like the man,'* she said, " looking 
for his mule at the time he was astride its 
back.** — Cervantes, Don Qtsigotef IL iii. 
9, Oc. ; iv. 5 (1615). 

Alston {Miss)y aiiaa Miss Clifford, a 
sweet, modest young lady, the companion 
of Miss Alscrip, "the heiress," a vulgar, 
conceited pcn-venne. Lord Gayville is 
expected to marry "the heiress," but 
detests her, and lores Miss Alton, her 
hamble companion. It turns out that 
£2U00 a year of " the heiress's " fortune 
belongs to Mr. Clifford (Miss Alton's 
brother), and is by him settled on his 

(tiet^f. Bit Clement Flint destroys tills 
bond, whereby the money returns to Clif- 
fordj who n^srries lady' Emily Gayville, 
and mr Clenjetit settles' the same on hit 
Tii?i>bew, Infd Gaj'A'ille, who marries Miss 
Alton, — GeneriJ'Burgoyne, IT^e HeiresM 

JU'tOtl Ijocke, tailor and poet, a 
novel by tb* Rev. Charles Kmgsley 
(1850). Tills novel won for the author 
the title of ** The Chartist acrgj-man.** 

Alsir'do. king of Trem'izen, in Africa, 
overthrown by Orlando in his march to 
}*nn lb* allied army of Ag'ramant.— 
ArioBto, Orlando fXinoso (151C). 

Am'adiB of Q-aul, a love-child of 
kiu}^ Fer^ic?n and the princess Elize'na. 
He js the hero of a famous prose romance 
of chivalTv^ the first four books of which 
are atlribotcd to Lobeira, of Portugal 
(died n<iJ). These bonks were trani»- 
Jst«d into Spanish in 14G0 by Montal'vo, 
who added Uie fifth book. The five were 
repder^d mtn French by Herbcray, who 
increastrd the spries to twenty -four books, 
tjutly, Gilbert Saunier added seven more 
voluuif^s, and called the entire series Le 
Bmmin deA R'nnans. 

Whether Am idis was French or British 
is diftpiued. Some maintain that "Gaul'* 
meam W^if^Tf not France \ that Rlizena 
wiks princejiB of Brittany (Hretapie), and 
that Ferion was king of Gaul ( Wales) ^ not 
Gaul (/Vfin^iej. 

Aiii«d9« ^ Gau^ w*i a tall man. of a fait aotnplexi*n, 
blri upset Kriufeiiiie^:. hetwovn Ditld aiid ausUre, and bad 
■ haswlHmt bifuk l'^< ard. He waa a p«non of very fov 
inml^ waa wA hasJit L>ruvok«d. and wai looa appOMied.— 
C«TwiUm ii*n ii*^l' '.-it. II. L 1 (KaS). 

(Win ism ^li-wart Rose has a poem in 
three booka, fwiled Atnadis of Gaul.) 

As Arthur is the central figure of 
British roui&nce, Charlemagne of French, 
nXii\ l^ideHck of German, so Amadis is 
the centml ti^' tire of Spanish and Portu- 
guese rompLD* < ; but there is this difference 
^the talt of A iiiadis is a connected whole, 
termitiaiing with his marria^^e with 
Oria'rm^ the ijitervening parts being only 
the obfltii^lcB he encountered and over- 
came in iiibtaintDg this consummation. In 
the Arthurian romances, and those of the 
ChBTktnai^tie ^ries, we have a number of 
adventures of different heroes, but there 
U po unity of purpose, each set of adven- 
tures ii complete in itself. 

(Situihey the poet has an admirable 
ab rid jinn ent of Ainadis of Gaul, and also 
(if Palmt-rin of Enijland.) 

Aia'a^iis of Greece, a supplemental 
trt 0* AnuMiiA of Gaul, by Fehcia'no de 





diflcs — «w Anm<U« tif IJ!*>lchia» AniAdiA uf 
w* verv totcrior to the origin r*I Amtuliw 

t1)* Mu1#nt fubl**. wW» nltrl^iw Ao* y^ ri^nn\n, 
UttTwIv. Lam^tve i^f ekt 1.U*. /'w^rT* rv.iv»f, Trifr^im. 
tHron eA* Cl»*irt4V<«*, etc., nkic h^rt ■rltin-* ^ ■ r 'M -i i# 
llvPMMb Hit* ntMi t«d for t^- 

IkMflilr. ^l.-rrrwllh hi itrtl>'<<l lit |tt|M .^.n . . 


jiiiiLii irt .nc of the prill- 

eipsii ilfvila, - i« one of his 

lieiit«nJint^. ^ Iwlcre rwfvtt to 

hiun in l lft*nrxj I\\ ru t ii, pm:, \^ iinrl in 77*e 
Mttfxt WvcvB (if Winil**^^ net ii, «% 2, 

-' ",' "■■ ^ the 

In; -r ll»e 

M)R8tmn« He in ilfj^crtW'ii jm a bniUl 
IBIV1I42V, wilv, fji«r4«itfiil, jinil rninl. AmA)' 

•t/- -.-"-' '' ' -- ^' ■■ --^-- • ■ *:^rr'- 

V licr 

r Amaltbfc'a 

fill? pTlnl wlio ofTlTOrl lo 

Mil U^ IttTTiV 

onwJf.. Wi 

h*-r H.. 




' Ov 







•■1-11. .,t Ii III.- 1 .«iiriii'« 


' 31 Uumi Ihv htMiJt* In 


t'lrsiy ;if!um» th«t 


' ♦ \»7*» only 


I'linm iwid 

ti^^ r- 

,,,..>,- , t ..,.;^' Tari^iiiii* 


miAt/e*« of Ammon «ail 

nrioUu'f of lla.Li 

'liiiji, AtiiRinit lii^l Ilia 

HiiiilrrJiA K) tlifr 

fiLunii NvHn (in AfricJi), 

In <inl*T to f 

c«i Liie 

Wi:'...- . . : .,.- ,;.;ir»e. 

lAmuiim tN Ham or rhuni, iiit^ i*{in af 

wife of LoTftlefli, lyord 

Foj>fif!i;.:trMi pAV? ^^'^r ftiji'^TM-i- iitrrnMun*. 

CO' , ty, 

Ci.h :... ,, ,... ... ,.,.,,.v biii 

lii*ly-io%'c, A (hi pny* nwention to Love- 

■ • ■' ■ ■■ ■■ ' . ' , ■ " ivor- 

■ ■ .'n*J, 
*^ fitrMikiii^ JiU iitUer," U» : to 
Amnnda, '^*'ao loof; M tl' uld 
livc,"^ — SberidAn, A Tnp i.. .^ ,.^,^^fh, 

j4man'(jrj^ m Tbom«on> &ujuit«, it 
meant fur Miss Yoiin^, who mmrrieil 
mbnirnl CmnpbelL 

.Ar/uimij, the victim of PereKJn* Pjckle'i 
•ediiciioTii in SnuiHett'a ruivel of JPjwyiinf 

Am'tir: .f -. - -. t^ -, ^ 

AbuMitK ua, 

to i.rcv. 


Tni- t.«r,L I 

uiL^, ri*k 

C The J ttiirji iinu' luejini tbt ci^aW 
nuctiftl Uac.) 

■ thfl 

- ■ r- r.- ■ •"*»♦ 

— I rut i^lH«Uer« :f A« ^i)j{Kiittf4 

Am eirijktitli. Tbcre mtc niam«ront 
«|ti^clc9 uf thie Huwar: tho«to bout ktitnivii 



«t;-Ui»f lil«*»'» 

rff. itHii U<««irt*r«< , but ibcfr Ii 


Wonl «rin<ifj>Ail/«i<— ^i. «, " e¥P:rllb»Utlg.** 

Pth ..... jj^^ floweri of 

tU- tiubiur bjr !>•► 



miuiA, /w«uw /««» (n m^ 1^ |ii» 


Laarfdlow, bj a strange error, crowni the 
•D^ of ileath with amanuith, with which 
(m ICilton sajrs) "the spirits elect bind 
their resplendent locks,** and his an^ of 
Ufe he crowns with asphodel, the newer 
of Plato or the grave. 

ItetJ TKe ancri with tbc uamuithiiM wmtb 

Wbtaiwrcd a vord. dut iMd • mand Uke diMtk. 

Am'aranth {Lady), in WUd Oats, by 
«»ohn O'Keefe, a famoos part of Mrs. 
Pope (1740-1797). 

Amarillis, a shepherdess in love 
with Per'ijrot {t sounded), but Perigot 
loved Am'orei. In order to break off &is 
affection, AmarilUs induced '*the sidlen 
ihepherd** to dip her in ''the ma^c well,** 
whereby she became transfonned into the 
perfect resemblance of her rival, and soon 
effectoallj disgusted Perigot with her 
bold and wanton conduct. \Mien after- 
wards he met the true Amoret, he repulsed 
ber, and even wounded her with intent to 
kilL Ultimatelr, the trick was dis- 
covered br Cor'in, "the faithful shep- 
herdess,** and Perigot was married to bis 
true love.— John Fletcher, The Faithful 
Shepherd {laiO), 

AmarylliA, in Spenser's pastoral 
Colm Cioufs (hme Home Ajain, is the 
countess of Dert>y. Her name was Alice, 
and she was the youngest of the six 
daoghters of sir John Spenser, of Al- 
thorpe, ancestor of the noble houses of 
Spenser and Marlborough. After the 
death of the earl, the widow married sir 
Thomas Egerton, keeper of the Great 
Seal (afterwards baron of EUesmere and 
viscount Brackley). It was for this very 
lady, during her widowhood, that Milton 
wrote his Ai' cades (3 »y/.). 

Ko Uh pratewDTtby ar« tiie tistan thraa. 
TIm banoar of the nobte fiunU/ 
OTwtkkli 1 BMUMst boMt mjrnir to be . . . 
PVrIlM> CLanlUt. and awvM AmwrlUt : 
PbylUa tb« Ca&r is cUert of Uie Uum. 
1W ont to bcr to boaatlAU ChairUii. 
But AmarrUis hi<b«at in dagrML 
SpoMir. CWiM ClMiC« Omm U»mm Aguim {l»*}. 

Am'asisi, AmtfsiSj or Aah'mes (3 syl.)^ 
founder of the eighteenth Egyptian 
droasty (b.c 1610). Lord Brooke at- 
tnlmtes to him one of the pyramids. The 
three chief pyramids are usually ascribed 
to Suphis (or Cheops), Sen-Suphis (or 
Cephrenes), and Mencher8s, all of the 
Cottrth dynasty. 

I HI 111 and GhwMW how can time foniTv. 
Who la tlHir oMiaM prnunlds would live r 

LordBrooka. P^ae*. 

Amateur {An). Pierce Egan the 


younger published under this psendonyai 
his Re<U Ltfe in Lotuim, or The Bamoiet 
and Adrentures of lioh Tally-ho. Esq., 
and his Cousin^ the Hon. Torn IkishaH, 
thrifujh the Metropolis (1821-2). 

Amaurots (The), a p(H>pIe whose 
kingdom was invaded by the IHpsodes 
(2 syl.), but Pantag'rucI, coming to their 
defence, utterly routed the invaders. — 
Kabelais, Pantckjmel, ii. (1533). 

Ama'via, the personification of In- 
temperance in ^^i. Hearing that her 
husband, sir Monlant, hail l)cen enticed 
to the Bower of Bli^s by the enchantress 
Acra'sia, she went in quest of him, and 
found him so changed in mind and bo<jy 
she could scarcely recognize him ; how- 
ever, she managed by tact to bring him 
away, but be die«l on the road, and 
Aniavia stabbed herself from excessive 
grief. — Spenser, Faery Queen, ii. 1 

Amaso'na, a fairy, who freed a 
certain country from the Ogri and th% 
Blue (^entaur. When she sounded her 
trumpet, the sick were recovered and be- 
came b<»th young and strong. She gave 
the princess Carpil'lona a bunch of gilli- 
flowers, which enabled her to pass un- 
recognized before those who knew her 
well. — Coratesse IVAunov, fTi»ry Tales 
(*' The Princess Carpillona,** 1682). 

Amazo'nian Cliin^a beardless chin, 
like that of the Amazonian women. 
Especially applied to a beardless young 

Wbcn vitb hb Amaaonian chin badrov* 
Tbc bridled lip« before hira. 

8hakapc*re. CtrioUimiu. act 11. le. 1 (imk 

Ambassadors at foreign courts. 

Lrcatus est rir bonus peiwv miuus ad mwitkm Aua 
lcl|Nib:ica» cauua.— 84r Henry Wotton (ItflU). 

Amber, said to be a concretion of 
birds' tears, but the birds were the sisters of 
Melca'ger, called Mcleag'ridcs, who nevei 
ceased weeping for their dead brother.— 
Pliny, Natural History, xKXvii. 2, 11. 

Around thoe tbaU gUsten tbe lorelie-t ambv. 
Ibat cTcr tbe •»rrowintf iea-binl« b:ive wrpt. 

T. Muora, /lr«- UoriMtpj-wrt. 

Am'brose (2 syl.), a shaqier, who 
assumed in the presence of Gil Bl&s the 
character of a devotee. He was in league 
with a fellow who assumed the name of 
don Raphael, and a young woman who 
called herself Camilla, cousin of dcnra 
Mencia. These three sharytors allure GiJ 
Bias to a house which Camilla says is hers, 
fleece him of his ring, his portmanteau; 
and his u!oney, decamp, and leave him tc 


iod out thBt Uie bottae i» on]^ a hired 
lodjcing. — Leaai^e, GU Mtat^ i, 16, 16 

|. VJa lie JL'jiTtdli/rd, 

80 AMKRIG^. 

Asto^nn (Orc^fmi), to ealLed from Mr. 
A^tiir, Uicrchnut, of Nrw York, who 
fnimiled hc^n; ft fnr-tradin^ at*liun in 
1811, The Milvimturc* ol this inerchBot 
foriitA thti oulijccrt nf VVAHhingtuti Jrrin|^» 

v»nt waiting an Mi*f nni 

' thttrot-— rtc iif . ooot-t, 

<i«orgo II. K 

, ; mt), & tnoiik, wlio »t- 

fjUK^rU ilio prior Aymcr. of JurvntiJJi 
Abboy. — ^ii W, SooH, fpf$nKoii (liniifiy 
Richard L). 

Xi«*Art«#fW« (Ftttkmr) mh\bat nf TC«nti}ilr« 

ftir lUlbrrt < t of 

Avencl)* II' 'li#- 

i;m»ed its a uoLkiiuUi ;j rttuiiivi. — bif W» 
SctitU, 2hc jXiMit^t tituw, KlijctttieUi). 

tt btfgtuning lo ciid williotit 

'— * *tn*4M* I* |l«e 

» ln"flUtt~ 

JBii)dl lufftPR nf Ihc btociiTiinj? mom, 


when n ija 

dead In lib nr 



ilm/:(a» h. 


IV r.r rh4 


• ,.»ii 


.. ...KM), 

1 Ani> 

f »ir D*- 

it.'. .1' 

, J'A^ JS^ 

ia\4\nj (ttiiiv, 




NnniftMof clttoii 

Afld SUfiw 

ill ' '■ ■ ' 


•» \. 


of tut itl^Uur 

1^ U it« 

«<»U •tmtklMl 

■irirl from 


^v . <*i>n' 



naiUimott ( ; 

'aii^r^lttoil, is m 

en lied 

from b 

1% who ted » 


l<. l!>:il 


f-d ftoia 


inior of 


.ijH-d k: 


irl..a H,), 


wlioltv tituiiUy t» t^tt 

' "' ,...^^.>,^..^^^ 




in ] 

I' .... . ..n 

Iniiinn tribo with whom WiiitJim i'ena 
elii^ilv n»t|**K«'mted. 

/* ' ' ivered bv the Sp^nmnti 

on lav, ftod ih«Qee caIIwI 

[/'.. _ ^ u: 

Ui^tsi'.jui, uumfd in bonotir of G**»r^ 
TT.^ in ivhuac r«ign the finii Mtilciiimt 
th<*re wii« timde. 

//.trrtshitr,} ( Pi?Tin»y W»ni«), lunatd 
fpTTi Mr, linrrift, by whmti tl w«* ftmi 
< nuiit und'«r « ifruit frooi tit* 

, iiu ciAntcd from tbo numbcff ol 
Indmns nrhith dwelt llivre flUOl). 

Li>%diniiri*t^ ao nMUiod bv M. dc In Sld» 
nOJ*i*), in hooour of Uymt XfV, of 

J/i. ;.. , -. rnib 1 0^.^?^ ftom tho Ffeoch 



J. M»i* 
whom it ^ 

Ac-.. ). 




lord HolUniotv 


■' ftm 

\y (^filled La* 

iL nuiiiir from 

hire, to 

- ' • 'it 

It ri'^TivH its 

' in IWIli 


•0 called in 18 17^ became geti^iAi LaIIs^ 
jDMst gave tfct'te ** protection*' lo a coIodj- 
of FreDcli refiig««f!< 

Vfrmmt (Le. *' Verta Mool*''), so mllfsd 
twm the Greeo Mount&ius, which t»Teraa 

Tuft/mwi, lo called (15S4) by sir W*rt€r 
Kilfigh, in eonij>]iii»«it to EltxKbeth, 
'* tti« Tirgin qtieeo/' 

iqg wiitert'*)» Miuissippi ('*■*» irf 
Mcn^)f Miwcntrif A1s6rtij*a, i^Aro, {>w- 
jpMl, u^ WiMoonwrnf *r6 tmtam of liveta. 

Am^riest, Sickaama of tlie United 
fiuti^* h^hitsitiUt— Alabama^ llzArdti; 
itrifm^xu, tooth -picks ; Qdififm^iiti gold- 
buAten ; Cui^^a'dOf. rovers ; Qmncc/iiaii^ 
wMdcm natmegs ^ BeTaiREn*, miiik-rmtjt ; 
Flar'idA^ fly-up-^«-€teek* ; Geor'tfia, 
bnxzudi ; '/iimiMf ntckerm ; /nJKina, 
lioofien; /oim_ hiwk-eyei; AaaaM^ 
j&y-luvken; Afntuck^^ eom-OTftekera ; 
X^EftaiAiM. Creoles ; Ifaine^ t^xm ; 
Mm-iffamdf craw-thumptni ; Mich'yfon^ 
wokerineB ; J//jyfc?jord, gn|}hen ; Mu- 
tiiwiffpi^ U^dpohei i/iwWrt, pukc^i ^ 
AMroTJ^kr, b0(2-*iitera ■ Na^*ihj sa^e 
hi*ns; AVwf ffamfjthire^ mniit lioya j 
A>«r Jerae};^ blues tif Snui^cntchere ; 
AVir IljTjt, knickerbocke^n ; Nt^rth Ctiro- 
/<*iw, tar-bftUcr* and tuekocfl; OAjo, 
tiuck-eye« ; Or^t^'jm^ web-fput a*w/ bftrd- 
raji^ii ; ' PtnnstftTti'nia^ PennBDites dini 
leathfr-hfildii ; Mhude htmvd^ fcun-^ititj ; 
.^rt*fA Cj/Wi'iwj, wisieeb; 7if»rt^js."itr', 
vbelp^ % Tcxtii^ becf-faciids ; IVniiofi*, 
Gretu Mountnin boys; ruym'ii, beadie* ; 
Wi^s^nsif^j bmlgeis. 

Amethyfit ii lud to dispel dmnken- 

Ameu'tiff the hmste^ of Egyptian 


|ft|P*n the pJtr v0 Nvvni ^ ^ . o)»n Ih* ffitt of lb* 
■liim mnpiMn ; apen (be ■»[* of At^ihiU r^fttwH^Jdit 

Am'siacU ion of Camanbaman and 
B«diiurm, and holf-brotbcr nf A»sMi {^n 
cf r*maf»ba(n*fi and iUiiiiJirotffiTjj). 
Each of the twomolheracoDcei^ed a tn»*e 
pauictn fur th« otJiii^r'i Aoti, uid whvu the 
jminir princt* r?rf»1t4>d at their advancpip, 
af^cuKd th«Tn t4) their father of designj 
tFpon tt !ir honour. Camamlzaman or- 
dered hi* emir Gioadar to p«t them b^ith 
t^ dpsth, tsTjt m^ tbip ynTmjr men had snv^^d 

tiiu^ ii^'tii n gi\jit lib kUiii iivr ijAiiti Uii wciii^ 

but told them not to return to their 
Vithcr's doniinionfi. They wandered ou 
fo; a time, and then parted, but both 

reached the smme place, which was a city 
of the Mrif,T. Here by a strange ad- 
venture Aiu trill d was made vizier, while 
Ati^ftd wa« thrown into a dungeon, where 
ht WAA desij^ned as a sacrifice to the fire- 
god* Boflta^nn, a daughter of the old 
mfto whr> i in prisoned Assad, released 
bimii and Amgiad out of gratinide made 
her his wife. After which the king, whc 
waa jzreatly advanced in years, appointed 
hiin lis tueeeaiior, and Amgiad used his 
btst eiforto to abolish the worship of fire 
And eitabtisli " the true faith." — Arabian 
Niijhts (" Amgiad and Assad "). 

Amliara, the kingdom in whish was 
the *^ happy valley," where the Abys- 
■inloii prino£9 irere doomed to live. 'Hie 
valley was encompassed by mountains, 
aad bad bat one entrance, which was 
under a cavern, concealed by woods and 
closed by iron gates. — Dr. Johnson, 

Anilae, a fquire of low degree, be- 
loved by JCmiUa. They a^creed to meet 
at n gi\en spot, but on their way thithei 
both wen! taken captives — Annas by 
Corriimvboj and yl'^milia by a man 
mounter, ^"iiiilia waa released by Bel- 
phd-bt^ (3 if'jL)^ who slew " the ca'itiff ; " 
ajld Aniins by prince Arthur, who slew 
Corflaniibo. The two lovers were then 
browj^ht tn|^etbf;r by the prince "in peace 
and flt'ttlefl rest."— Spenser, Faery Q\ieen^ 
IT. 7, 9<l,^9fiJ, 

Am 'id as, the younger brother of 
Hme'idaji^ fionfl of Mile'sio ; the former 
in love irilh the dov»erless Lucv, and the 
latter with tln> wealthy Phi'ltra. The 
two brothers hud each an island of equal 
si7C and VAhn> left them by their father, 
but the SCO Jjnly added to the island of the 
vaunp?r Lnaher, and enroached on that 
Ijtldn^^ng t€p liracidaa. When Philtra 
Mw that the property of Amidas was 
drtily inir:rtia.Hing, Hhe forsook tlie elder 
ht'iihcr Bud nmrried the wealthier ; wliilc 
Lut:yi fleeing herself jilted, threw herself 
into ihi! Ml*. A floating chest attracted 
bPT ttttenlion, she clung to it, and was 
drifted to the wasted island. It was 
found to eontflin great ridies, and Lucy 
pnve tt# contents and herself to Bracidas. 
Ainidng ^^Ifiimed the chest as his own by 
ri^ht, aud the (luestion in dispute wis sub- 
msttffl tn pir .\r'tegal. The wise arbiter 
ui:^iui:u, uitti waereas Amidas claimed as 
his own all the additions given to his 
island by tlie sea, Lucy might claim ai 
her owR the ch%st, because Uici sea \i.\aA 



giireii \i to her. — Sp«nflcr^ Fairv Q»et%, 

Sejiwruir, S^** ^i- r .,j n,.. Hocio of Com- 

In hJa air>> 

urn stHiimt 

A'xnin (Pnfictf)^ soo of th« cali(>b;.M:'/,p,,i(.,f : ^^^ nuirieU Aio'm^» 

«l X the ruiiiih'n 

* Knii-rtamtficntit 

h' < * " ■ ■ ' i'nf»i, 

• iK^Jt 

K, r of 

M ft hiirlnt, lh» count nmiTiiitratril 

wi»*^ *'-" v^ ' -■ ' '-i--' - ibey 

liormr ditcoverwl tLjit vht wa* a irboo];, 
who wisnt fitwiHiiily hy ni^'ht tn lJi« 
cemet«T^% «od fe^isLMl ou thu 'rc&h-buned 
dwui,— ^IrijAwn yi(fht» (*' llbtory of Sidi 

»>' • ''-* wH. wfw t4i?| 09 «fi»lr cnJJUMf 

Amin't4)r, a young nobltMnan, tho 

troth -tilt^rht Isnriib.inii f,f \*;intm, bnt by 

' • M'ua 




trv . 

The wfl itofT,- of I 

flf i 

kin^ of 1 
wh«!n hi- 
Hn us Ulon, 

I iiiiirry u^:nn: 

«iiA, tbc« |ihy«iciAn'K <UiighU!r«) 

I «f 

,.,.1..,. the 
■ tit, 

.t las *ui iitjr- 



Arolne (3 t^tX hAlf-«ijitcr of Zo- 

bci'di* (B jr//,), ami nifr of Amm, the 
ciilifth'tt »(jn« On*' tit to |mr- 

idiAM » rcflMB, mxl 1 IJ ht*r hi* 





ry of Z< 

> Am'ino (^t tyL) or Am'ine^ 

I J, the bcrtof'fiii «i'^ -f si.2i Nov , 
Initcotl of * ti 

««<^1 m b 


wU ami hiit»tnU| but ifjuoritttl ntiii byji4» 
critit^ul. Hi* popuUtlty esfiuU** ihe en- 

TJ n- ■' ' ■'.'•, ij». 

ty b»i ^utckuesis »t rif|»»^rlc«i bv »lwa^ 
nmnttgc0 to turn tbo laugh n|^%tn«t tUetn. 
Ascribed to Btrioker of Au»iriJ4. 

Am'let (Jiu^hant)^ the pim*«ter in 


r imilrt- 

m nbc td 

o » '*wnl 

will b* 

on hink 

'•'■<,t, anil l!r !U:irnr:4 C'Ofinilllf 

i^'btj^r of (fn[»c tlie rich ecnvimer. 


M) wktti> ibiA mlo {>(«il>' knii ftdU U^ Uui ^ iiyj. 




(Ammoo U Ham. son of Noah, founder of 
tbe Afiican race.) (Sec Amalthba.) 


fHcre] AmafthM poun, 

AkmaUm, Mwiimt9tk« JTakuU. 

Am'mon's Son. Alexander the 
Great called himself the son of the god 
Ammon, but others call him the son of 
Philip of Ifacedon. 

or load I think vtth Phillp'a Km. or nOm 
AMHM'k OU flMMdwUh one vorld and ooe fktharli 
BjnoD, Don Jmam, f. 81 

(Alludinz to the tale that when Alex- 
ander had conquered the whole world, he 
wept that there was no other world to 

A'mon's Son is Rinaldo, eldest 
son of Amon or A^'mon marquis d'Este, 
and nrphew of Charlemagne. — ^Ariosto, 
Orianth Furioso (1516). 

Amorefta or Am'oret, twin-bom 
with Belphoebd ^3 syL), their mother 
being Qirysog'ond (4 syl.). While the 
tt ••uur and her two babes were ssleep, 
Diana took one (Belphccbe) to bring ap, 
and Venus the other. Venus committed 
Amoretta to the charge of Psyche 
(2 syi.)j and Psyche tended her as lovinj^ly 
as ^e tended her own daughter Pleasure, 
"to whom she became the companion." 
When grown to marriagenble estate, 
Amoretta was brought to Fairyland, and 
wounded many a heart, but ^avc her own 
only to sir Scudamore (bk. iii. 6). Being 
seized by Bu'sirane, an enchanter, she was 
kept in durance by him because she would 
not ** her true love deny ; " but Britomart 
delivered her and bound the enchanter 
(bk. iii. 11, 12J, after which she became 
the tender, loving wife of sir Scudamore, 

Amuret is the type of female loveliness 
and wifely atfeclion, soft, warm, chaste, 
gentle, and ardent ; not sensual nor yet 
[ilatonic, but that living, breathing, 
warm-hearted love which fits woman for 
tlie fond mother and faithful wife. — 
Sjionser, Fcwry Qitcen, iii. (1590). 

Am'oret, a modest, faithful shep- 
herdess, who plighted her troth to Pcr'ipot 
{t sounded) at the " Virtuous Well." 
The wanton shepherdess Amarillis, having 
by enchantment assumed her appearance 
snd dress, so disgusted Perigot with her 
b«»ld ways, that he lost his love for the true 
Auioret, repulsed her with indication, 
and tri*;d to kill her. The deception was 
revtaled oy Cor'in, "the faithful shep- 
herdess," and tlie lovers being reconciled, 
were happily married. — John Fletcher, 
'f'itc /• ii It „jui' Shepherdess (before 1611). 

Amoup'y (Sir Oiks), the 6nuid« 
Master of the Knights TempUrs, who 
conspires with the marquis of Mont- 
serrat against Richard I. baladin cuts ofC 
the Templar's head while in the act of 
drinking.— Sir W. Scott, The Talisman 
(time, liichard I.). 

Am'perzand, acorruption otAnd-<t3^ 
andj »>. '* «fe-as-and." The symbol is the 
old Italian monogram et ("and"), made 
thus &'f in which Uie first part is the letter 
e and the flourish at the end the letter t, 

Bute eplttles. w doll and w grand, 
Mima't contain tbe Bboriened " and. * 
O Diy nJea Uttle ani|)enand I 
Nothing that Cadmui ever planned 
Bquab my elegant ampenand. 

Quoted in JfoUt and ^MHae (May B, 1877). 

(Cadmus invented the original Greek 

Am'pliibal (St.), confessor of St. 
Alban of Verulam. WTien Maximia'nui 
Hcrculius, general of Diocle'tian's army 
in Britain, pulled down the (Christian 
churches, burnt the Holy Scriptures, and 
put to death the Christians witli unflagging 
zeal, Alban hid his confessor, and oll'erea 
to die for him. 

A thousand other salnta whom Amphihal had taught . , . 
Were »lain where Lichfield la. whose name doth ri^tly 

(There of thoae ChrUtiaiu slain). " Dead field " or burying- 


Drayton. PoigolbUm. xxlr. (16«). 

Amphi'on is said to have built 
Thebes by the music of his lute. Tenny- 
son has a poem called Amphion, a skit 
and rliyniingytti dC esprit. 

Anijihion there the loud creating lyre, and behold a 8Ud«lcii Thebes aapire. 

Pope, Tem/-I« of Fam; 

Ampliis-bsena^ a reptile which could 
go head foremost eitlier way, because it 
had a head at each extremity. Milton 
uses the word in Partuiise Lost, x. 524, 
(Greek, ampi fhiiiio, " 1 go both ways.") 

The aniphls-tiieiia douMy armed aiipears. 
At eith«-r cn<i a tlirfMttriiins bcatl iihe reixrs. 

liuwe, /'harsttJia, ix. 6iM, etc (by Lucan). 

Amphitryon, a Theban general, 
husband of Alcme'ne (3 syl.). While 
Aniphitrj'on was absent at war with 
Pter'clas king of the Td'eboans, Jupiter 
assumed his form, and visited Alcnicnf-, 
who in due time became the mother 
of Hcr'culcs. Next day Amphitrjon re- 
turned, having slain Ptcrelas, and Alcmenfl 
was surprised to see him so soon again. 
Ilore a great entanglement arose, Alc- 
monc telling her husband he visited her 
la>t night, and showing him the ring he 
gave her, and Aiuphitrvon declaring hfl 
was with the army. This confusion is 



whi» weni u^ i^ke to Akrutnc Lbc ri«w» uf 
vict&ry, l^ut * hl* stoppeid at tbt' tttvot *f 
tlu< hou^e by M<?reun% who KM UHHtniid 
ftrr Lhf« riMHc^ JSt^i^uv'M form, jtml liiv «l«irt 
Cf^iulfil not tnaLe dtiI whftber lii wm 
Mti^nclf ^f not* Tills fil'ii ba/i l««ai niftde 
t ccitntdy by FiamtuB, MoIiH«^ Mi4 

th" *iin« wt kh rum™ ilrr» , l'-<- fr k^C p* Aff*, 

iuudipd Li ?•' ^ r taw. 

Hi ft ^^7 o{ tUv filM^t ii>^ Ui€ nijinlcf ctf tl|« 

iryoii, Stci^ [Smjsiiij Liip slave if r«wjDt«it«wl 
t4»'il(Mridv wbtcti w»d whidj^ and re|»yc(i|^ 
It M iBi ijt»t«b t«A. ten^iiifo i, £v matifntam 

kmOt^. A .^H^it^rmm, IIL I {Ufll 

immttrittUty, or the WaUT of Inimortjiiity^, 
It ift obtAiiKLHl by ebumiuir; tiie *ea, filbi-r 
with the iTiL'tiLntaiQ li'ltrfifi ur witil Ibe 

vtusi Iw My»— 

Amuaemervtii of IQngv. Th^i 
strums, itniuwtiiivit iff ^in'ru <^f Aiabjaj 

of Fi?mtA| wan ai(il»-c«tier ! 

of Kotri«, wa^i3ftl«h'iatcil! , . till 
Vii. of S|i«4n, Vfti etnbmidvriiij^ pet (J- 
ca»U ; of Z-wi*4s £ 17. eim:k «iii| K»dl 

/foum .*( /tijf*^ by Sp«?TiJw»ri i* Fimlltiiiiilici 
wi,rl iitf |)*rtn% «bw tlird liin4. 

•p«t>Ar. taebt iSf^aft (mm mmm J«f«B iPM] 

Atojm'ton {See Ahixioiu) 
A'myc and Amyrion, the Htmin ' 

Anab'aais, the expodition of Iha 
yciun>it;r tyniR Afptinut bia brother Anm^ 
xtrxe*, iind tlie retreait of hi* **l^ 
tbtrueuiAd" Grisfks dcKribed by Xea- 
ophoc thi.' Greek bisttTimo, 



MoRGLAT makes Dido tcU ^oeki fbtti 
At should have httn cvvu-ntedi wi\h m. 
won, even '* if he had bairn a cuc^st^y 
doAd^prat " (1682). 

Schiller, in hif Picoo/on*jin, ipoakj 
of lijhtmng ctmduchirs, Tliis was About 
150 rears hefore they were idvf?fit*d, 

Shakkspkark, in' hia Cortidana^ (un ii. 
•c 1), makes Meneni lie refer to 6'aJcii above 
600 years before he was bora, 

Cominios alludes to Eijrtuin ptavs^ but 
as lach things were bnuwn for 25u ve&rB 
afier the death of Comioiva,-- Cunoianmj 

Brutus refers to the ** MarckiA wat^a 
Uonght to Rome h^ €£«isortnu&." Thia 
was not done till dOO yean oftefwardi. 

In HanUHy the prtnc^ Hamkt waa 
educated at WittemlHrj School, wbicb waa 
not founded till KOi ^ whtreAs Saxo- 
<icnnanicus, from whom iShnki^pcare bor- 
rowed the tale, died la \2fH. Hamlet 
wa» 30 years old yrrhvn hi« mother talks 
of his going back to e<;bool (act i. »c. 1£^. 

In I Henry IV. tbe earner Boiuplalni 
that " the tHrkryt in hit pannier are quite 
lUrved '• (act ii. so. 5), win;r«»i turkeyt 
came from America, »nd the Naw World 
*»!« not even discovered for a cent wry 
after. Again in Ihnr^ V. liowcr it uiitde 
to !«ay to Fluellen, '■ JJem comus Pbtol, 
Bweil'.ng like a turkey-cock " (act v, k« I j. 

In JmHiu Ctrsiirt Urutus says to 
Ca-«$ius, •* Peace, count the olotk/* To 
which Caseius replies, *• Tba clouk h»« 
itricken three." Clocks were not known 
to the Roniausi, and sinkm^-i-'locks were 
Dot invented till aome I4i»0 yearfl alter 
the death of Caesar. 

Virgil places Jioeaa in the port 
Velinus, which Wfci made by CntiuB 
Den Hue, 

Thi.* list with Terj little trouble 
mi^ht be greatly mukipUed. The hotbed 
of anachrunisms i» mediieval rftmance; 
there nations, time-', and plM^eii are mo't 
recklessly disregarded. Tbis may be 
instanced by a f«w ejtainpJea froin 
Ariosto'ji great po^m Qitnmi** FurioM,^. 

Here we have Cbarletnagnis and hif 
paladins joined by Edward king of 
England. Richard earl of Warwiak, Hen- 
ry duke of Clarence, and the dukc< of 
York and (Jloucesler i bk. rL). Wa biivtf 
e:ionon8 employed by Cyroofco king of 
FriiA ibk. iv.), and also In tha iiege of 
Paris (bk. vi.). We have the Moors 
e«ubli:<bed in Spain, whereas Ehey were 
not invited over hy the flara4>efi» for 
nearly .'500 years after Char Jem agne*a 
death. In bk. x vii. we ha iv Ptmt^ John, 

who died in 1202; and in the last three 
books we hav'6 Constantine the Great, whc 
died in d37. 

Anac'reoti, the prince of erotic and 
bacehanaiian poets, insomuch that songs 
on these iubjects are still called Anao- 
reon'tic ^n.c. 5tf3-478). 

Anui^tvon of Painters, Francesco Al- 
Undc^r Alba'nl (1578-1660). 

Aiutcr^on *)/ the Guillotine, Bertrand 
Bartre dc Yieuzac (1765-1841). 

jlndcrctm of the Temple, Guillaumc 
AmfrvB, abb/de Chaulieu a63^1720). 

AfUACTfon of tlie Twelfth Centwy, 
Waller Mape*, ** The Jovial Toper." His 
^mous dnnking song, **Meum est pro- 
poaitum « . /'has been translated by Leigh 
Bunt (! 150^ nM6). 

TAe Fhrmh Anacrecn. 1. Pontus de 
Tbiard, one of the "Pleiad poeU" 
( 1 5S 1 - 1 fi€i5) , *^. P. Lau j on, perpetual pre- 
aident of the Cat^att Modemc, a Paris 
clttb^ noted for its good dinners, but every 
Bi lumber was of necessity a poet (1727- 


The Persian Anacreon, Mahommed 
Ha€%. The collection of his poems is 
fiftlji d The Iht.m (1310-1389). 

Tfie SkUian Anacrcon, Giovanni Meli 

AnacTeoii Moore, Thomas Moore 
of Dubliti i ;17N'-1«,V2), poet, called '* Anac- 
re<»n/' friiirn hi^ translation of that Greek 
poctf and his own original anacreontic 

PieurllMd far}- Maboowt aitd Anacreon Moors. 

B}ron. t>on Juan. L 101 

Aiia^&nl3, crowns of flowers. 

W I tti fln^en neat and flue 
Un.\i» autadf nu the) auike. 

trrm>ton. Fol^clbUm, xv. (1611). 

Anaffnuii Inchastity personified in 
Tht i^mpU hlami, by Phineaa Fletcher 
(canto viLl Ho had four sons by Caro, 
naint'd M*L'i3hti8(af/u/re/y), Pomoi'u8(/or- 
nirttfttm], Acath'aru>«, and Asel'g^s {lan- 
cii POMjFiMi). all of whom are fully des- 
cribed by the poet. In the battle of Man- 
soul (cmito xi.) Anagnus is slain by 
Agnei'ii {tci/tly chastity), the spouse of 
Enara'tea {U »\perauce) and sister of Par- 
then'ta {mntu.nly chaHtity.) (Greek, an- 
a^fiiuffj " impure.") (1633.) 


Cmablkt* James Stuart (James !.)• 
Claim* Arthnr's Seat. 

Dame Ehianor Davies (prophetess in 
be rpign of Charles I.), ^^etcr •© wad 

ANAH. 86 


r / ': '■' ' : iV,K 

-ii: ' T-ARMcn DouctiTY Ticir* 

«OKNL y<JU fturrui butc/urr, 

A'niLht gminfldaugbter of C*m irnd 

li ; irt on the «rrartb 

V f c*ir to nn'Hhcr 

t; 1 i c&ntc, — iJyron, 

iJfsivcn iMTuJ hnrik 

,1 -,.i,...j.v*jn. J,, i -i-tw u |.*«i4, 

i {(Lord 

Anak of Publishers* §o J«bn 
BluiTAy WM called by lofd Byron (1776' 


F An'&ldin 


wcrp t4?rnbJc for 

Tlie Hebrew 

JiiifHiiclves wiif« 

mens g r 

i|mns4»uof them* 

■,.. .1,, -. -•, ,\4«AkttO. 

(The Tit&ns were ginnw^ who, ac- 
cording i& da»<iic fftblc, uijm1« war with 
Jiii.jt4:r Of Z«tttji, 1 »yi,) 

Anamnes'tefl (-* 'v'*), tht boy who 

wnnti^l, Wrt ' 
vdcpt AnATi 
Kim what 
((IfecW, ru 

Anoni'cut, in 

t>v P..-M .1,.,,...,. n 

V ft little boy 
' «ou;;ht out for 

nf>r! mf-jititry ; " 
u\t to 

r, «com«d3r 


Siitnt Woman, mil by I), J(;a»oo«) 
AnaroliUB, kin^ of ifac Dtpvode* 


guvv the wcMt. 
Of ; — '■'■:-' 
It 1 


t'JtII hia stml his ^jwu, 
%rKc/, u. 2»1 (15»3). 

IT) to 

I ted by Pur "r " wba 


'Villi bejit bini Uk« 
tvraut iljd not dMPt 

'* — RabftULUi i*om* 

A ^^ 1 IIOT«1 

lluj, , . . , ,,. .....lUiirit tt'.id 

|H»werfiii bouk. it is Uie iiutobjic)^rtt|ihy 
of ii*iTe*>k, w^]o, totssrarM" tb«i con»ciqfti!>ric«i 
of > and villainira, brcoifica a 

n > |Aa»e« th^Jugh alijoi^ acrief 


f Vdon hM tHii few plcitrpM wtikli wfO batr aomtttirUia 
with (lua wf Ai*Nie«*l>ia, flMJric on tti« P4rpa of tbl 
lazv»fb> nf TrivitK. w1U» bit a]rltt« tKqr 1» ^ WluA.^ 
•rOL Aft " " - 

Anaetaaiufl QrlUi, Uia aom «b 

plwn£tit AriUm Akxmuf^tr von AnenrpcTSi 
a Ucmiau ]M»ct (IftOrt ia7'i.U 

im ^ f.irr 

to wilhiimw btr f;uii-HiiMM^)iUr fnun iJill 
olliuncci enchanted hcr« — Afm-idi^ d* O^ut, 

Anaxar'te (4 si/L)^ th« Am'udtB r»f 
Greece, a §cpfTl<»iT'«'ntit) part r,f the Por- 
tniruese romnr ■ ' ' v of *^rtiil 

[Wjil«jJ. 11 rottiKuea 

WM wnttcn by : \ a. 

An'cho, ft Spanishbrownic, whohftuirti 

the ".lii-ii JirnU' liiit-*. ^^»^nll'^ hini -rlf %t 
lb fiiid 

cli' ui\ m 

Iri'iju^fj vs n n iui:,iJirir3i 'i hiim-m wiui terrtif; 
llw Atirbo bxU'4fi chtin'-b l>cll». 

ill Ihi 

ttu » (..I- , t i <i^'iu! i (5) tl»e 

^Mfci' tirtc/jor, r : (*i) "^* **** 

a»Ar.'Aor, tu I ail . , ft. 

Ancient Mariner iTk*\ hy Colo^ 

f J'1::", Fi*r the orinio of httf In^ fthol aq 

^ {WL bird of good umen to ••>*' 

rttde •flfTcrmjj* Ar« ♦ifflf*»4 apoa 

I: I. ■■ . " ' :•■, ' ii -uagh 

Li- waa- 

ii- ■ ^ :.'Tji9 

Otbcn VLs a viuruiug Ir^uii. 

Ao'oor. a river of Loiocftftnililrc^i 
ning ibruufh I]firsHul» wUsr* M| 




Dimjton was born. Heoce Wm. Browne 
Mill bhn the shepherd, 

Who on tha iMoks of Aaeor tDMd bia pipe: 

Brt$euuUa'» J'aHonU*, I ft (ISit). 

And are ye sure . . . (See But . . .) 
An'derson {Eppie)^ a servant at the 

mn of St. Ronan^ Well, held by Meg 

Doda.— Sir W. Scott, St. Bonan's Well 

(Qme, George III.)* 
Andre (2 syL\ Petit- Andr^ and Trois 

Echelles are the executioners of Louis XI. 

of France. They are introduced by sir 

W. Scott, both in Quentm Duncara and 

in Anne of Geierstein, 

Andr^, the hero and title of a novel 
by George Sand (Mde. Dndevant). This 
novel and that called Consueh (4 syi,) are 
eooaidered her best (1804-1876). 

An'drea Ferra'ra, a sword, so 
called from a famous Italian sword- 
maker of the name. Strictly speaking, 
Mily a broad-sword or claymore should be 
so called. 

TiMre'a mm de thins as stuidlnc • ff Ighlander't Andrew 
Fcfsn : xhey will tiaioshle aff a Ctlluw'* liaad at a daab 
■iap.-C Maeklln. Unm d-Ut-moiU (1779). 

Andre'os, Fortitude personified in 
JJte Purple Island^ by Phmeas Fletcher 
(canto X.). *' None fiercer to a stubborn 
enemy, but to the yielding none more 
sweetly kind.** (Greek, andria or andrcia, 
'* manliness.*') 

An'drew, gardener, at Ellangowan, 
to Godfrey Ikrtram the laird. — Sir W. 
Scott, Guy Mannering (time, George II.). 

Andrews, a private in the royal army 
of the duke of Monmouth. — Sir W. Scott, 
Old MurtiUity (time, Charles II.). 

Andrfics {Joseph)^ the hero and title 
of a novel by Fielding. He is a footman 
«rho marries a maid-scr\'ant. Joseph 
Andrews is a brother of [Richardson's] 
*^ Pamela," a handsome, model young 

Tlie aecounti of JoMph's braverx and good qonlltlM. 
Id< r<>;cc u*> m\xAK-al to halloa to the ddtc*. liU bravery in 
ridt>i« ricea fur the gentleman of the county, and his 
9at\<»stcf in rerusin^ bribe* and temptation, have 
■Muething refreahing in their naiv^U and (mbueB, and 
pr«(u-MeM oo« in biTuur of tliat handtome )rouog hero. 

Androclus and the Lion. An- 

droclus was a runaway Roman slave, who 
took refuge in a cavern. A lion entered, 
and instead of tearing him to pieces, 
lifted up it8 fore paw that Androclus might 
extract from it a thorn. The fugitive, 
being aubitcquently captured, was doomed 
to tight with a lion in the Roman arena, 
and it so happened that the very same 

lion was let out against him ; it instantly 
recognized its benefactor, and began tc 
fawn upon him with every token of 
gratitude and joy. The story being told 
of this strange behaviour, Androclus was 
forthwith set free. 

A somewhat similar anecdote is told of 
sir George Davis, English consul at 
Florence at the bc^nning of the present 
century. One day he went to see the 
lions of the great duke of Tuscany. 
There was one which the keep>ers could 
not tame, but no sooner did sir George 
appear, than the beast manifested every 
symptom of joy. Sir George entered 
the cage, when the creature leaped on his 
shoulder, licked his face, wagged its tail, 
and fawned like a dog. Sir George told 
the great duke that he had brought up 
this lion, but as it grew older it became 
dangerous, and he sold it to a Barbary 
captain. The duke^said he bought it of 
the same man, and the mystery was 
cleared up. 

Andromache [Xn.<from'.a.%], widow 
of Hector. At the downfall of Troy both 
she and her son Asty'anax were allotted 
to Pyrrhus king of Epirus, and Pyrrhus 
fell in love with her, but she repelled his 
advances. At lengtli a Grecian embassy, 
led by Orestes son of Agamemnon, 
arrived, and demanded that Astyanax 
should be given up and put to death, lest 
in manliood he should attempt to avenge 
his father's deiith. Pyrrhus told Andro- 
mache that he would protect her son in 
defiance of all Greece if she would become 
his wife, and she reluctiintly consented 
tliereto. While the marriage ceremonies 
were going on the ambassadors rushed on 
Pyrrhus and slew him, but as he foil he 
placed the crown on tlie head of Andro- 
mache, who thus became tlie queen of 
Epirus, and the ambassadors hastened to 
their ships in flii^ht. — Ambrose Philips, 
The Distressed Mother (1712). 

*^* Arulroimiche was a favourite part 
with Charlotte Clarke, daughter of Colley 
Cibber (I710-17(;o), and with Mrs. Yates 

Androni'ca, one of Logistilla's hand- 
maids, noted for her beauty. — xVnosto, 
Orlando I- arioso (lolG). 

Androni'cus ( Titus), a noble Roman 
general against the Goths, father of 1^- 
vin'ia. In the play so called, published 
amongst those of Sliakcspearc, the word 
all through is called Andron'icus (1.^93). 

Jfarcnis AndronicuSy brother of Titus, 
and tribune of. the people. 



pr^aiiVfid Lu TU J'vrjAe Itlatid^ by FIfeiOiM 
Fl^Urb^T {It^U}. Fully dcscribtii io 

•rho Invea l^jilwl, Wl bcUrvei bini to b« 
"* hA^L^Dri" " (the mcAin&te e<Ni tad 
fotiiidrx i*f the Dra^«A> retitnied to life 
f«*r the r¥«iumti»ii of tlie peo|il« And 
|]i«ir fcturo to Syiiii liwiii ^.^Uie ift liufi 
Spo'imdil^. WlieQf however, ib« (ltiiciiy«r« 
W impoftumt ^c dies in thv biUvnimf' 
of lfcerdijaf.|:.rai]tin«nt.— KoUn Bntwitingi 

AnseL When tht Ri^r. Mr* FaUi^i 
iri«.rof WkiisUble, wns dying, tlie Mtb- 
tnaliop r>f Cuil^rbiiry »nC him. £|0 ; and 
the wit aaidt *' Trli htft ^r^^ee lIuU dciw j 
own him tci b« « biazi of Go4, fotr t liftv* 

Jb imtif ^iJbf ^m An>^t^ thmt k lik« 
AttjSfll [Yer^cci o«J , m Ci r^k ^f ttw tftomth 
«iitttr>% iiot^*»i for hb cAli^jraphy* 

Vii%}€ dc Ihmt^ JitrnXmui U l>el>, the 
^* itiif>L}ed iiroijlicl^hild " oi the Cami- 

Angels (On^Tt ^y). Aeconiin^g; to 

I>ii>»vniiit« Iht Artoji^ft^te, the anjz^lA mrc 
chvidrfi inUt niufc urdera : Ser&phtm mnd 
I'lienibim, in the /»>«/ elnclt; Throci«t 

wbo potJiifi^ diatikist har. Ant^^tm 
tmd Kia^do dank of csertun fuaayunA, 
when the o]i|iQcit« «ff«cta 9x9 mtktKMrnl tr 
Ubcif li««fiii, lor thtn MfttAii4» wnm Ahjtv- 
llc^^ vbiJ* JUigeliaft lows «U latt fur 
j4in7«/ibj, in Arl«<to'i OridNtd9 #Wmi«dv 

C«llimy, whtfw jUfdon> wecmdM kt liw 
«°itt««t» A* for OrkBda, b* ib dmw mmJL 
by jtsloa^ «iid iirid«^ 

[juiy of Utt c;<»(d<ira Ti)iir»c.'' fhv Ivvie 
of FafittiM^iicM and As^iai fatm •■ 
trnprrrttni fivliir* of tb« iiiQBni pMi «f 

Ao;^«fa, an heiraei -with m%om T«- 
lenline l^e^nd i^ ■ - a timt 

iie is unwiiJiti^' t '('-hAirv, 

of hii fkbtjj^ but A..^ _._ ^ ,_ ,,. .^t^jiftjuD 

of a bond for £4Mut), and U*tt it. Tie 
money diQicuUy bcki^ mdjiLBtHl, Uie 



(2 tyl.). In order to prore whether his 
wife or dAogfater loved him the better, 
Aigan pretended to be dead, whereupon 
the wife r^oiced greatly that she was 
relieved of a "disgusting creature^'* hated 
bj erery one; but the daughter gneved as 
if her heart would break, rebuked herself 
for her shortcoming, and rowed to devote 
the rest of her life in prayer for the repose 
of his soul. Axgan, being assured of his 
daughter's love, ^ve his free consent to 
her marriage with Cleante. — Molifere, 
Malade Imajmaire (1673). 

Aftf^dique. the aristocratic wife of George 
Dandin, a French commoner. She has a 
liaison with a M. Clitandre, but alwajrs 
contrives to turn the tables on her hus- 
band. George Dandin first hears of a 
rendezvous From one Lubin, a foolish 
•errant of Clitandre, and lays the affair 
before M. and Mde. Sotenville, his wife*s 
parents. The baron with George Dandin 
call on the lover, who denies the accu- 
sation, and George Dandin has to beg 
pardon. Subsequently, he catches his 
wife and Qitandre togetiier, and sends at 
once for M. and Mde. SotenWlle ; but 
An^lique, aware of their presence, pre- 
tends to denounce her lover, and even 
takes up a stick to beat him for the " in- 
tuit offered to a virtuous wife ; " so again 
the parents declare their daughter to be 
the very paragon of women. L4i8tly, 
G^orj^e Dandin detects his wife and Cli- 
tandre together at night-time, and succeeds 
in shutting his wife out of her room ; but 
AnLrelique now pretends to kill herself, 
and when George goes for a light to look 
for the body, she rushes into her room 
and shots him out. At this crisis the 
Mrents arrive, when Angelique accuses 
ncr husband of being out all night in a 
debauch ; and he is made to beg her pardon 
on his knees. — Moliere, George Dandin 

An'gelo, in Measure for Measure^ lord 
deputy of Vienna in the absence of Vin- 
ccntio the duke. His betrothed lady is 
Maria'na. Lord Angelo conceived a base 
passion for Isabella, sister of Claudio, but 
Lis desit^s were foiled by the duke, who 
comffclled him to marry Mariana. — 
Shakespeare (1003). 

ArC'idOy a gentleman, fnend to Julio in 
/V Ctptain^ a dmma by Beaumont and 
Fletcher (1613). 

Anger . . . the Alphabet. It was 
Athi-nodo'rus the Stoic who advised 

Augustus to repeat the alphabet when W 
felt inclined to give way to anger. 

Un certain One dUait 4 1'amiMreur Augota, 
Oonune une tiutnicUon atUc outant Qa« Jntta^ 
Que, Umwiu' une aTwitnre en ooMre nous mat, 
Noua derons. avant taut, dire notre alphabat, 
Afln aae dans ce tempe la bile se tempore. 
It qu on ne £»iae rien que Ton ne doive Isiia. 

MoUtee^ /,'kote dM rtmmu, IL 4 (L8M 

Anffioli'na (4 «y/.), daughter of 
Loreda'na, and the youn§ wife of Man 'no 
Faliero, the doge of Venice. A patrician 
named Michel Steno, having behaved in- 
decently to some of tiie women assembled 
at the great civic banquet given by the 
doge, was kicked out of t^e house by 
order of the doge, and in revenge wrote 
some scurrilous lines against the do^- 
ressa. This insult was referred to ** The 
Forty," and Steno was sentenced to two 
months' imprisonment, which the doge 
considered a very inadequate punishment 
for the offence. — Byron, Marino FaUiero, 

The character of the calm, pure-spirited Angiollna Is 
derelupcd most admirably. The greet difference between 
bM- temper and that of her fierr buiband b rlvidlx por- 
trayed . but not less rlrLllj touched ts that strong bond of 
union vhich exists in the common nobleness of their deop 
natures. There is no spark of Jealousy in the old nun's 
tboogfata. He does nut ext^ct the fenrour of vouthfii] 
passion in his young wi.e ; but lie finds what is Car Detter— 
the fearlew confidence of one so innocent Uiat she caa 
scarcely believe in the existence of f(uilL . . . She thinks 
Steno's greatest punishment wlU be " the blushes ul his 
privacy. —Lockhart 

Anglan'te's Lord, Orlando, who 
was lord of Anglantc and knight of 
Brava. — Ariosto, Orlando Furioso (1516). 

An'glesey, i.e. Angles eh-land (the 
island of tlie English). Edwin king of 
Northumberland, "warred with them that 
dwelt in the Isle of Mona, and they 
became his servants, and the island was 
no longer called Mona, but Anglesey, tlie 
isle of the English." 

An'^lides (3 sf/l.), wife of good prince 
Boud'wine (2 s///.), brother to sir Mark 
king of Cornwall (" tlie falsest traitor 
that ever was bom "). When king Mark 
slew her husband, Anglides and her son 
Alisaunder made their escape to Magounce 
(i.e. Arumiel)f where she lived in peace, 
and brought up her son till he received 
the honour of kni;;hthood.— SirT. Malory, 
IJist. ofFr. Arthur, ii. 117, 118 (1170). 

An'glo-ma'nia, generally applied to 
a French or (iemian imitation of the 
manners, customs, etc., of the Eni^Hsh. 
It prevailed in France some time before 
the first Revolution, and was :)ften ex- 
tremely ridiculous. 

An'pruisant, king of Erin (Ireland), 
subdued by king A rthur fighting in behalf 




ttf IiKtd*nt2Tmii king of Cani'i:Uar<i Vd jri//.). 
— Icunvfion, Cvining 0/ Kmij Arthur, 

]. ■ ■ .1 

Angriirva'del, Fnthiofn twonif in- 
fcrttioa ^ilb Uimic ciiAractGr»t which 
Ibixt'd in time of wat^ but gli:jiu)cd dimly 
in Litiie uf i)t-«t;i£» 

Ammiils admitted to Heaven, 
Aceuriliiig tu tlift Moaiem'fl ir<:*'\, ttri 
aaiiiiOLlf^ an' :ttliiiiUi-4! luto pun 
iiijuu l. The «ii>;u' KnifiiUi 

bill--. It n I, 

ruin ijf JatJ." 

tvtlirvtl tu 

of Itclkia, J>, The «.x of Moice, 10. The 

Tallinn r 77,r Fuir Mm! ur\. Ixwlv r.iirh 


'■ uii un fttu jiiecQ 

•^' Sij Wnlicr $cotr Ua iiiLi4*duoe4 
htT tu Tht Tidtxiium {{nth)* 


Amiti {IkmtM)^ th« Imly biiovetJ by 
iloii l>tuVjo, but iridticc^ by dtm <ji<>- 

' Ahmiiam 


Anluple (IUiLx&l7jf Erne lJ«aii'c 

" romithlv " nwr%B.— ^ir W. Scott, Boarl 
of MuUuKian (ti m <f , Ge ar;^e 11.). 

An'tuiitff, t)ur»e of Ilobbiif Eltliot of tho 
Heuj;h-rt«>L ft y«»»n^ funner,— i^ir W, 
Scott, 2'Ae ///orjk Du^irf (time, Annt). 

Anne {Snirr)^ the M«t«r of F«t'iiiii 
Hie ttcvcntb unrl h*^*! wifi? of IU«p ll«iuil« 
FatiiuA, bnvi ' \ hy 

looking int'> r. ig 

Sivter Anne ;: r ihq 
c-iixtlc\wifJj ti!.. ^\i-t%^ 
wh*i were c-x|...,.,i ... mo- 
ment. Fatinin, in liff n. u«K« 

— ('harlca remiutu, JLci ii.iWj^ liU 

oHTi Fidtcr of 
Mr wjuj rihcf th* 



' {iiattifrtf of _ 
>Kori «!*iU« hirr 1 

romnncc Lot U lUwuys CJklled kli 

AHn0. QuefnAtme'ipQH, Yoiit 
to your nobc aad tlngvn s^in-nd, 

Aimette, tIaughU'f 
C'ulJjcrior, U*e bridfi of l^; 
of the jiiilrol.— J* E. Wtirt, //n 

*' I nd Xuhiii, by liitnm^l 

or ' . .„- -}* 
An'nio Lau'rie, chlvnt «f the I 

daoKhl^r* «»f »ir I^ l>i^^rl l.n.ri^, of " 
wcituM. To j: 
)cu«»un, of 1 : 

An'uie Wln'nie, on* uf U*«| 

•ib\ li At Alicr t.ray'i iJiTttK th, 

wa* Atisiw (iftjrliiy, — Sir TV 

Mtttif uf hatmrnTHUM/r ^ .^.^a 





Axmir, ^'°f ^ Inu^thoDa (iia island 
■f Scii>diTi*iriji J. He h*d two urns ( A rmm 
umI Riiro) mod oue daughter. One dny 
CoT^nijLl^, m. ii<ttghbouriQ|r chi«^^ t^ntiie aod 
bc}^^ Ui« honaur rrf n tonmanicnt. 
AigoQ snnted the rcfluetrtt fiad averthrew 
hii^ wEidti BO vexed Cf^rmslo Ui&l diirin^ 
a hunt be ihol both the LmOiers secretly 
wHh Ms bow. Hieir d^g H'Jtia fan to 
Uie palace, and howled no as tb &ttriict 
attirBSdon ; wb^i^npon Annir followed the 
hociTid^ and immd both h\» Mrni dead, 
and oo Ma reium h« further foond thnl 
i'/ormtJo bad carried off his daughter. 
0««tr, •cm of OniiaHf ied an army a^nst 
the Fillain^ and nl^w liim ; then liberating 
the Toung Lmdv, he tcKtk her back to f nia^ 
thcitUt and defb'ered her to her Tather,-* 
Oioam {** The War of Itii^-thgoa ""J. 

An^nopliel, daagfater of Caa'silant 
(3 iuL) gen«ml of Candy,^'lieaumciat 
aod In^vhex, ITis Lam tif Cindif {[Ul). 

Anaelnif prior of St. Dominic^ the 
coofwaorof king Hearj IV,— ijir W, 
Scott, TAe Fair Jiakl uf Ptrih (time, 
Hcory IV.). 

Anaelme (2 j^/0» father of Valtre 
(2 M^i.) aod UaTiane (^ *i;ft). In reality 
be LB dim llioTnas d*Alburci» of Naples. 
Th* ftojily were exiled fmoi Nnr»1e» for 
pc.litical reasons, and being fibipreeked 
were all |iarted. Vali[!r(! wad pii^ked up 
by 1 Spauiah captain, who adopted him ; 
BixirianL* fell into the hands of a t^i^niuir, 
whu kept her a captive for ten yennS} whi^n 
she eflcctvd her escape ■ and Ans<:]uke 
wandered frr>m plaee to pkt'e for ten 
vcar*» wbftn he settled in I*nri9| nod 
intended io ni:arr>\ At the eKplratioo of 
nxieen years tlifV all iiiet in I'ftriu nt the 
bou^ tif Uikf i>A^0Uf th«< miser. Valine 
wa* in love with Klijse (*J s*fi-)t the 
miaer'i datj,^hter, prnmised by llnrfm^nn 
in manisj;^ to AnMilme ; and Alahnne, 
affiaori?d X*y the niifc^ri son Clean te (*i*yf.), 
wa :,E in marriage by llaquii^tm, 

the lihefp Afl ioon aa Andeluie 

di« that Valm and Mariane were 

his uwij cbildren^ mmttert were fioon nniie- 
ablv arxanj^cd, Ibe ynunii^ people marriedf 
uid the old ones retifed frt>m the unequal 
tontcBt. — MfilitTc, L'Atarg (1G<J7). 

AnSolmo, a noble cnvaller of 
Fbrft-nte, the friend of Lothario, An- 
«elm<i uiarried Camilla, and indiicefl hia 
frii-n^l to iry to corrupt berf thai he miji^ht 
ri'JMice in' her ineorruptiblicj lidelitv, 
Lotbariu uitwillingly undertook the ta^k^ 
•od tuv-€e<^ed but too welL For a time 

Anseimo was deceired^ bttt at leneth 
Cnntilla elo^wi^d, and the end nf the Ruiv 
affair wm thi^ Ansel mo died of grief, 
Lothario was Abtin in battlef and Camilla 
died in a coni'ent.^C*nradt*B, Don 
QiALSotf, L iv. 5, 6 1 Fatai CwiosUu (1606). 

An'etar {Hub}, a constable at 
Kitiroas villiige. — bir W* JiScott, Tb« 
Athit {time, EU*nbeth). 

Ant. AnU^ e^i are an antidote to 

Ants nei)er $teeft. Emerson savs thk 
JB a " recently ohaen-ed fact,"— Aa^iir», 


Atd$ ham mind^ et^. "In formica non 
tnodo sen^uB, sed etiam mfna^ ratio, 
meinoria. "^Plin j , 

Ant (iWuTJM^n'if)^ one of the lea ani- 
mals nduiitted Jato paradise, according 
to the Komn, cb, %xvi\. (See Animals.) 

AtU^ idtf up a titrrt for th4 winter, 
Thiit is an error in natural history, 
as on ta are toqiid do ring liie winttr. 

AntEB'oa, A gigiintic wrefltler of 
IJIiya fi^r Imssa], Ilia atrt'nicth wa» 
inexhaudUlde flo long an he touched the 
earth, and viw renewed evcrr time he did 
toui:h it, ller'culcs killed him hy lifting 
bin. up from the earth and a<pieeKiiig him 
Ui dtaih. (bcc Malkc^tEU.) 

k* mh*n i«ri.Ii*i i^tn Antmji . _ In IniMR »trdTe 
Witli h\m* AkMi«. mnA uU fDLr»l. ntH rri^r, 
Mnrlftlri4 ftvnt hii iiikiUkir eutb nrw t^wiiiith. 
S'ip™hi (rttrpi h\t ffti. Amll Airccr gpruvi'lt jwIul'U, 
Tbn..tUH] At kii0lh 1 rh« pijf. Fti'LnA Aud ML 

MIlfuDn f^ffvium MfguUit^^. It. (1671). 

'•• Similiirly, when liemardo del 
Caqiio anaailed Orlando or Kowland 
fit KcjocfSvalic'S, ashefuurtd his body was 
not tcf l>e (jiercpd by any instniment of 
wiir^ he took him up in hia anus and 
isqueexfil hiin to death. 

N.B. — The [jitily v-ulocrable part of Or- 
lando wttj? ihe ^iAt iff hid foot, 

Ante'nor, a traitorous Trojan prince, 
relAtcd U> Triuut. He advisied Llyuscs to 
carry awoythe |<filladiuni from Troy, and 
whrn tlie wuod*?n hnrae was built it wii 
Anteni'T who iir^ied the 1 rojaus to make a 
bri'^i-h in the wall suid dra^g^ the horse 
into the city.— Sihakej^rtejiri- Ilms intro- 
duced him in Trmiiin afna Cres&aia (1002). 

Authi'a, the lady beloved by Abroc'- 
omaM in the IJrL-ek romimee called 
Ih Atit^jrihus Antfu'JF it A^mtcYmuPj by 
Xcnopbiio of i^jhfcsiUri, who livfd in tie 
f^kurth (Jhridtinu ventlary. lUii* is n(t 
JCenoph>^n the hifltiirian,^ «ho lived b.c. 






mc«^" in Sbakespearo'f dnun* to ealle4 
(16081. AntJbomo borrowi of Shy look, 
n Ji'W, 3^M»<> 'JmnM for Hir««i itiouUis, 
t^. I ' " The con- 

lij : if the 

ni , ., only the 

iiTiiii:i|,ial iili<<uJii lt\i R'lunK'ijI ; but if liot^ 
the Jtiw »hiiuld tie nUowed to cut fn>ni 
Ant.b"i»u»'(» IhkIv **npountl<>f lieah." A» 
the *h»ps of Antlioriio were delayed hy 
oontrvi^* witiHft, be w».h unable to p«y 
within th«^ thrrr nir»nth»» itnd Shylock 
demftadtd the forfeiture Ac:<:'ordiDg; t4? the 
bond. PoftiA, iii the droits of a Law- 
do<rt4>r, conducted tlie cii«i>, and when the 
J«iw wju about tu cat tlte fle^h^ »t(j|jped 
tiii .. ,1 I , ,1 i^y^ him no 

d c I H? must tAke 

ij* 1 th^r. an eacact 

{Hjuad. li liii aht-U uLtc drop of blood or 
f he cut more at lc»3i tiinn &u exact 
|Miundr ^ii- 1^*" «' "Id be ftirfuit. A* it 
wu *;>» I'lc to ititniply witi> 

theie r' I*? Jew waji nimsmted, 

and had t'l i^iv t% be«vy line for icoking 
ti^a iif^ of m ciiuctk, 

«!ld br 

duke, !L: - : - - 

DpeAfC, J he iemfif^i (ioyi*), 

Anthi/niio, father ^f Frtiihetia, anij 
•ulttir of Julia.— Shakcipeiire, Tfta Tteo 
a^nilmum of Vtron^ llSU-l). 

An'ttiany, *n ' n the 

ccitli4^ of famicf J^t^»- 

dftle.—^tr W, Btou, ., ,.. . .r^j*:r(Ma 
{liuiQ^ Henry !.)« 

An't\,m>f. tlio uM po«tiUion at M«tf 
|) ilv of the inn at St, 

Iv ^V. Scott, ^,i2<rtw»'* 

H'o ftiuie. ucj^c 111*}, 

AntH'Stjfl, bi»b«>p hf Ja«n, m>ijtvT«Hi 

1^,^ ■■, " - -., '-' -. ,' ■'. - 


hi* li^tjk ttUil ' roiw- 

jiuitv to cnrr 1<:vil 

trtt 'I '■' .-the 

1 the 

CE'dipoB and Jocaa't^ * n.-hli. 

Willi a truly heroic to hei 

father and brnthi>r«. jpcoi had 

blinded hi: ^ j 

Thebes, A 


4he returned to Thebcia* Cr^uiii 

bad forbidden any one to bury 

her brothtr* who hn^^ ^ " >- 

elder brother in bat«! 
deHance <>f thti j^f' 

dead both. i loT 

T&alt Tin '•I 

heroclf. i .r . 

ificlf also by her side. b< - ' i 

Greek tm^edv on the tubv laa 

bet-r ■' ' ■ 1 . _ .« I vLfimr, 

Tin offaHinri 

rum ' ruhlMttol 

tin- i inlL*ar»i." 

Whii |. . . . ,, , .•. ■■:»»* 

||j(».r-. '-.■ I ■■:..,,,', . ' «« 

In*?:'' ■■■•:•*) U£»«jf. 

J Anti';tffu\ Uarib IXi^tHt 

(!hu- If 4»e d^Anguiderue, dau 

ter uf Luuii XVU aad Mam Ai ' 

Antig'oilUS, » SieiUan lord, 
mundcd by king IjHiyttU-a t*j tidnc hit 
iliijint daiii;httr« - " ^ ..n -^ 
her to (>cri«h. 
■Utnu to the r 

l«ft the babe; tut m[i Lii* H;iy 
Uie •hijH be waj* tnm to iii«e<a b| 
bcitr. ^Shakespeare, J%t Wmigr'a 

Antiff*onaia iKinff)^ an old mnn vi 
yoim|£ niaii's amort mi ^^> ' 

one i»f t!jtf four knii!:ai wh- : to 

tlie dtvjH' ^ ' ^' <»f A.. ..».-.-. tlw 

UffMit,— 1 ;»nd KletchKf, fA* 

Antln'ouB (4 §\ii.), a pafE)* «4 Had- 
rian tlie Kjuiiuan enipcfor, notad tor Ikii 

^rirm'oujr f4 #»//.)» 


.> i '..rt,i»> 


.„i »-.»h*f 
, a 


Anti'ochus, en , ^ ^•l,* 

«rtTi-bt ihtf life of r* [ - of Tyr*n 

I without i^fT^" lJ!ijj; hi* desaire,— • 

Jire, Ffrklc* Prii^ii of l)f¥^ 

..t-tT ol 

da«£fht^f of 

foT M''tinT?l T'-'frrr'.lchu* 

ehoier, and nxnttri'tl ibt 

Udv wa» dcal^uvd ii- ,, —^ »-wi^ 



H«r channi were ** the glowing modesty 
of her coontenenre, her silent diffidence, 
■nd her sweet reaerre ; her constant at- 
tention to tapestrv or to some other useful 
and elegant emploprment ; her diligence 
in hooMhold affairs, her contempt of 
finely in dress, and her ignorance of her 
own beauty.** Telemachus says, '* She 
encourages* to industry by her example, 
sweetens labour by the melody of her 
▼oics, and excels Uie best of painters in 
the elegance of her embroidery.*' — 
F^sdon, TO^maque, xxii. (1700). 

■• (/iMl) teKtal h« had CbumI 1b Tbilnla tba 
vMoa of AM»k>9m wftk dM rnkfortaiM* mi4 Um 
nil !■■» of ■MtertaL—BwDWdlB d« 6C tirnn, fmiU 
•md rtrytato 117SS). 

Antiph'olOBy the name of two 
brothers, twins, the sons of iEge'on a 
BdchaBt of Syracuse. The two brothen 
were shipwrecked in infancy, and, being 
picked up br different cruisers, one was 
carried to Syracuse, and the other to 
Ephesns. The Ephe^ian entered the 
service of the duke, and, being fortunate 
ennoj^b to save the duke's life, became a 
Ifreat man and married well. The Syra- 
cojiian Antipbolus, going in search of 
his brother, came to P'phcsus, where a 
wries of blunders occurs from the won- 
dtrrful likeness of the two brothers and 
their two servants called Dromio. The 
coofusion becomes so great that the 
Kpht^ian is taken up as a mad man. It 
s<> happened that both brothers appeared 
before the duke at the same time ; and 
the extraordinary likeness being seen by 
all, the cause of the blunders was evident, 
and everj'thing was satisfactorilv !x- 
|»Uined.— Shakespeare, Coiiusdij of i!n jrs 

Antiph'ony, alternate sinpng of 
opposite choirs, as when psalms are 
intoned in catiiedrals. 

Ok I Mtmrmr more tar am rfMU wliub latoM 
Wkh 11 four tupt • rmt uiUphonr. 

Anton ('*>"■)• Tennyson says that 
Merlin ;cave Arthur, when an infant, to sir 
Ant»»n and his* lady to brinp up, and they 
bn.u^ht him up as their own son. This 
d«»es not correspond with the History of 
iriiu^f Arthtir, which states that he was 
«*'iijM,iM,.fi to the rnre «^f eir Kctor nncl 
his lady, whof«e wm, sir Key, is over 
■ad over again called the prince's foster- 
bnithcr. llie History furthermore states 
that Arthur made sir Key his seneschal 
heixtuie lie was his foster-brother. 

k 'Jte dilM vna deUvvrol unta Merlin, and he bw 
kitu fgrih mat** ux Kctor. aad made • buly a 

htm. and nuned htm " Artbw.* And m ^ 

BourUlMd him wiUi bar own brant.— Part L 1 

So itr letor rod* to the Jotta, and with hba rod* tk 
Key. bis 100. and riQUS Arthur that wai hla aoutlahad 

"Sir." aid dr Ector. *' I wUl Mk no mora of yoa but 
that 70a will make my aon. air Kay. four fo>t«r< 
bntber. wiMschal of all your lands." " That ahall ba 
done.-* aU Arthur (ch. 4).-«lr T. Maloiy. JSTMery ^ 
^Hnm Arthur {H70). 

ArUoriy one of Henrv Smith's men in 
The Fair Maid of Perth, by sir W. 
Scott (time, Henry IV.). 

Anto'niad, the name of Cleopatra 4 
ship at the battle of Actium, so named 
in compliment to Mark Antonv. — Plu- 

Anto'nio, a sea captain who saved 
Sebastian, the brother of Vi'ola, when 
wrecked off the coast of Illvria. — 
Shakespeare, 7\oeifth Night (1614)'. 

Anto'niOf the Swiss lad who acts as 
the guide from Lucem, in sir W. Scott's 
Anne of Geicrstein (time, Edward IV.). 

Anto'niOj a stout old gentleman, kins- 
man of Petruccio, jjovemor of Bolopna. — 
Beaumont and Fletchcyr, The Chances 
(a comedy, before 1G21). 

Antonio (Don), father of Carlos a 
bookwonn, and Clodio a coxcomb ; a 
testy, headstrong old man. He wants 
Carlos to si^ away his birthright in 
favour of his younger brother, to whom 
he intends Angelina to be married ; but 
Carlos decliucs to pve his signature, and 
elo|)es with Angelina, whom he marries, 
while Clodio engages his troth to Elvira 
of Lisbon. — C. Gibber, Love Makes a 

Antonio (Don), in love with Ix)ui8a, the 
daughter of don Jerome of Seville. A 
poor nobleman of ancient family. — 
Sheridan, The Duenna (177«). 

Antonomas'ia {Tlie princess), 
daughter of Arohipiela, king of Candaya, 
and his wife Maguncia. She married 
don Clavijo, but tlie giant Malambru'no, 
by enchantment, cliangcd the bride into a 
brass monkey, and her spouse into a 
crocodile of some unknown metal. Don 
Quixote mounted tlie wooden horse 
Clavilcno the Winged, to disenchant the 
lady and her husband, and this he 
effected *' simply by making thit 
attempt."— Cervantes, Den Quixote, II. 
iii. 4, 5 (1615). 

Antony (Saint) lived in a cavern on 




SpuiD, and 

Au'tony and CfBBar, MutU'tli 

liml *' itn«l<fT lSjitii|Uu Im» own 


r WAS ntbtikfKl for snulilKnl]^ tu^ it ii 

7 (im/ C/rt>- 

An'vll ( TV liUnsry) , I>r. M »yo wmi 

Uowe of Dr. Johnsoo witliout tbncUiiit?. 

Aodh, Uitof the C'tililtcs^ or primilivc 
el«ri;y of Jo'qa, au ii«iiitid Nouth of 
StAttjfL* Hin wif« w»* KtuUtj'm, I'lv- 

fu'.rrr ihr. Uniu . li.P. in- l^.l^;.^l nti 1 lif* 

t'!^«-llicf, kUd WClU to llLililid,- 


rmtifti^d Uiefn 
bnimcif very 
criUtjie the h 
BUtvf uhrtt 
Cobblrr (*u bfi 

(itred ba 


> 1* •nUiiMl b> 4kifl^H 






Venui r 

iilacncl it bv 



Lis vvil<j. 

ApeTnEiTi'ttis» ft r!inTlt*!j Athenlftn'l 


nttjitcWi»4 inm Mrtiii htn own wvtij 

Shitkvai^Meftri!, '/mum of Ath^n» (lOi 


iil^ Ua fiMt 

■1U8, nil '1 

m nftme in ttnj 

Apo (I »v' I. til* iT^tMhwfnj of M, 
eU«^rthi, niriat of Vitnity 

fbir. Pr. vi »* fo (If* b to 

'linlLKt#>Laflurt^uj>M ^ wiittooe iheMoptiua 

^,iu 7 . i.r/f ^jafj m itffit^ ta tUv •fi 


««ittlnfw . 


eHc* and tiio C 
r fmmd fKuJt with the 
Fob* of Atit-U«a' (mlatijigt, luiu uiv III 

Apollo« Uip fiin, in lioiiterlo mythcM 
loi^v !• th«» fml^Hlimpftt of |imatir«l 
Hi ' ht, ijf iiwifl and fitr» 

t' ^1 IS ftud b«iio« of I 

!■■ ' 

' (m:}I1o 


1 th* 

-■-'■ T 

Iff An'. 

IL }f 

. ...,■ 

» .-i"' 

i.r,.k ^r, 

^\l'i<^t ol Uifl^H 

.7 ,-t./. 

t}(i w Mi A ir^t^^^l 

I ciiiUTJiuej njij^ a t;tgTirii.ic: 





fM high, made by Charts, a pnpil of 

Ljnppoa. and set up b.c. 300. 
Antmai* consecrated to Apollo^ the cock, 

the crow, the grasshopper, the hawk, the 

raven, the swan, and the wolf. 
ApoU'yon, king of the bottomless 
it ; introduced by Bunyan in his 
'iLjriuC* Protfre9S, Apollyon encounters 

Christian, by whom, after a severe 

contest, he is foiled (1678). 
Apostle or Patron Saint of-^ 

ABTWixtAm. 9L maMatkii (dtod ISO). Hh day. 

8C AaswtlB (dkd VIT); 8t GeorvB (died 290). 
. ac rmmaotiia (dMl SSO^ Hi* day. Octo- 

A.«Tiorii. 8L Manomt (died STSV Eat inf. ivSr ». 
Au»»(n. St. Hulwrt (68S-730). 
ABM EXlAXS. Gn«or7 of Arnwnla (SSS-SSl). 
CaaujUII UlitrMmimU St. Kfttk). 

Guaru. 6l 8|>irldloa (feunb enttuy). Hit day. Dmoii- 


Fkaimvsu. 8L KlUan (dkd 680). His daj. July & 

rui TKADK. Rkfaaid Cobden (18M-1WB). 

FKtm:a. 8C OMiis (dkd tTSi. Hb dior. October 8. 

FxiUA.xa. St. Wilbrod («5r-7W). 

GaCVa. iU. lT«nirtM (lSD-300) ; St. Martin (31S-S97). 

GKXTiLua. St. Paul (died 68). Hit dayi, Jane ». 

Jmoarr & 
GuwciA. St. Nino. 

GeiuiAHT. 8t. BoniCMe (SSO-TSS). Hb daj. June 5. 
HifcHLA.xDUts. St. Ccikimb (921-A>7>. H(h da*, Jane 9. 
Hc.<««jiaiA.<«a. 8L Anacuutus (died 628). Hia day. 

Jsititarr S2. 
kaMwa. 6ariotoro4de LaaCa«Mn«'4-Ue6); Rev. Jehu 

I3i«jt (1(KC^16M». 
IxDiifc, Bt Francis Xarter (IMS-UM). ffia dajr. Decem- 
ber X 
Ixni.tUTT. Voltaire (HBM-1778). 
1hi« .. Sl Patrick (3r2-«i3i. H if day. March 17. 
LliOinT. Ttiooiaa Jcfferaon. tliird prei»tUeut of tbe U.S. 

L>.M)i.s. 6c Paul; St. MicfaacL Dayi, Jaaoarr 98; 

8rptmib«r O. 
JImiciiLAMw, i*t Armand (58»-«r9). 
Soarn, SL An-^far (8i»H»4) : Bernard GHpin (1517-1883). 
Padca. St AntiHjny (Il«j6-l-i31). HU day. June 13. 
F*n«, St Gene^rtere (-iia-ail). Her day. January 3. 
Fc-vK W Raedtaw. so called from hia misiouary laboars 

In Iiert^siilrB (l«3S-i;02). 
Firrs. *i, NuiiHiu 

fc>«Tn«H RcniRXKBJi, John Knoi aw»-1572). 
SiatT (the tutelary deity U) Or**. 
lL.«m. 5c C>Til (died OTJ). Hi* day. Febniary 14. 
gfAiJ*. gc Jamc-i the Greater (died «). His day. July 94. 
TiXPt«A.NC«. Father Matbew (ir»0-lM6). , , . . 
Tlvicx. 8t Marli: 8c Pantaleon : 8t Andrew JustlnionL 

St Martt* day. April 35 ; 8C Panmleon's, July S7. 
ToBMHlRB, 6t Paufi'nu*. bWiop of V.,rk (ae7-«4). 
Walii^ 8c DeTid (4IW-M4). Hia day. March L 

Apostle of Free Trade, Richard 
Cobdcn (1804-1865). John Bright is 
also to called (1811- ). 

Apostolic Fathers (The Five): 
Clement of Rome» Barnabas, Hernias, 
Ipia'tius, find Polycarp. All contem- 
porar}' with the ajjostles. 

Ap'petiser. A Scotchman being told 
that the birds called kittiewiaks were ad- 
nirable appetisers, ate six of them, and 
then complained '*he was no hungrier 
tiian he was before/* 

Apple (Prince Ahmed's), a cure for 

every disorder. — Arabian N^hts* Enter* 
tainments (•' Ahmed and Pari-banou"). 

The Sinfjinff Apple^ the perfect em* 
bellisher of wit. It would persuade by 
its smell alone, and would enable the 
possessor to write poetry or prose, to 
make people laugh or cry,' and discoursed 
such excellent music as to ravish every 
one. — Countess D'Aunov, Fairy Tales 
(" Chery and Fairstar," ir>82). 

Apples of Sodom (called by Wit- 
man, oramjcs) are the yellow fruit of 
the osher or ashey tree. Tacitus (His- 
fory, V. 7) and Joseph us both refer to 
these apples. Thevenot says, "The 
fruit is lovely [extemiilly], but within is 
full of ashes." 

Tbe fruit of the osher or ashey tree, called " Apples or 
OnuiKea of Sodom," resembles a smooth apple or orange, 
hangs In duster* of three or four on a branrb. and Is of 
a y«llow colour when ripe. Upon being struck or 
prMBd. It explodes with a pufT. an<l b reduced to the 
rind and a few fibres, being dilefly flUed with air.— 
QalUr^ 9f emtffraph». 811. 

Like to the applet on the Dead Sea shore. 

AU a«hes to the tavte. 

Byron, Childe Harold, IIL S4 

Appul'durcombe (4 ^/.), the 
Isle of Wi^ht. The word is n com- 
pound of apuldrc-comhe (" valley of apple 
trees "), find not y pitl dur y cum ('' the 
lake in the valley "). 

April Fool. One of the favour 
ite London jokes was to gend green- 
horns to the Tower, "to pee the lion8 
washed." — See Dictionary of Phnine and 

April Showers. AprU sfiouers 
brin(j Ma]i flowers. 

Sweet April showcn do spring May flowen. 
T. Tusser. 500 I'ointt o/ Uood //lubandry. xxxix. (1557). 

Aquarius, Sagittarius. Mrs. 
Hiownin^ says thai " Atiiiarius ' is a 
symbol of man bt-m-in-i, an(i " Sagit- 
tarius " of man com>hittinij. The passive 
and active forms of human labour. 

Kvti. Two phantA5ins of two men. 

Adam, One that ■m-tains, 

Atitl one that Mrivi»«. «» the ends 
Of numlKXKls cnr e of lAlK>ur. 
E. B. Browning. A Irrama of KxiU (1881). 

A'quilant, son of Olive'ro and 
Sij;ismunda; a knight in (liurleinajnic^s 
army. He was called '*Wfi(7i,"and his 
brother Gryphon "ir /<//<•, "from the colour 
of their armour. — Ari«>sto, Orlando 
FuriiKHo (151G). 

A'quiline (3 .«///.), naymond'a steed, 
whose sire was the wind. — Tasso, Jeru* 
saietn Delivered,, vii. {\hlh). 

(Solinus, Columella, and Varro relate 
how the Luiiitanian marcs " wiUx o^filk 




tll11» iIl^i ..^- ., ...... ^ ' ...._. , . 

dnr* the woudftmB dtlnprini^/'— ^ij« aiim 
Tlrgil, Geitgicift Hi, 2«JG-:!i<3, 
Aouin'ian Sa^. J u venal \m •« 

cmlliHl, t>ecaus€ he wan born &t Aqui'tiuut, 
iti Ljtliuin (IK auk 100). 

Arabella, »« hdn?** left umkr the 

^UHnliJ-i!n:i.ii, Iff in.Htu-r l>.iv. Atwl hnv 

t' ■ 

i' . 

ri;',JsL j^;«'<ja mil >>n r-iipiain Jia.niv.^ i . 

Knight, 77xtf }ItiHt»t Thunc*, 

tnwlt/» wtre UiC |)rtnluc« of AfubiA. 


Araoh'ne <» fv'.), n »pi<ler» a weaver. 

ill , who 

r! ii her 

her iiit<> a miiiilcf . 

NK ■HiJlrt tW ft tifllm 
Til mtktm. 


tli' _. 

f oniivr, uiiii 1 lit. tu 

dfwrve Utt) j auU, 

>fia tcivnit go Al rirjitn, ucck>rijii>i|j^ to Uie 

A«'.-.r->t / If -,..M * ...„r,;y.. i.,n iyf^tatfi 
tr, Ltuii, 

1^1 ,r4?jMi.i"f 'Ji'\.' ;, I Mr-, hvtrrry 

(• . moum CDJoy • th€ pHvikges 

t>i . ,.. 

Arag7)olf tho aon of Anchn^ (the 

Arftiiiin*ta» th« wife ol lloflwyttttp, 

John Vimhnigk, Iw 

Aronsra {The duke of), H« maniw 

Juliana, ekiest dRug^hter nf Hfitrh«i£Ar, 

She IR fto haughty, arroj. ■ vflf* 

IjcnritJjiji tltftl jtftur tlie in ' tk«tii 

h«.'r t«> A mcitn hitl,, vrh^i hi« 

hoinv^ und |>rt!U:ntj« to bt' -iiit 

wHrv miMi:. %v«»rk for hi* li -«ve< 

'■■'■■' ,".''■ .rjiu 

liiiii VkUiiU tiii: duku st^cv (iiitl aJiie iovfs 
hltn for himself, be hndu her to hu 

Ar'aphil or Ar'apJull, tK* |)09il« 
nMudonym of Wm. 1I»hin^>fi, Itii 
jAdy-h>ve, Mia« Lucy IlvrbcJV, h» oillft 

nn ftrtitft^mtrat 

who j< 

Ihiivervd (lijlvj* 

Arba'oea (3 »yl.). king '»^ IWH% In 
the draniA «:ftlicd A Aiwf or no Amg^, If/ 
Dcaumtmtjind VlvtAriwr {\C,\9), 

JK"^"*" ■■'-■■'■' - / Thepntwt 

of Im J-rvh- 

'* fcedi to 

^{\ til nim *it 


ArUite, in Kiidiif'i dfwrai of MaA^ 
Ar^bitor JEl'igantiiB* C, Petn'* 

ntU'l \V'iH (iJU'i.jiMtfjd <]jcL:lli'r-:Jl-f}iirf of 



a J id' I -.I 

ttlis Rott; 

n.., ..r'.„. 

Arbre Bci 

dritscl up o»d v» 
cnici6trd.— J/. I 

: rttMtcd In hftir* 
a our Uirdi wu 


the ' Mjud uX Utlaa*^** dstti^Ueff of » 



fiifir nf Ikmit^mji neaf Yftocouleiin^ in 
Txuec Site w*« serroikl *| ua idd when 
tbe ^nceived the idet of Itbemtiii^ Frasor 
from tb« Eoglith* H&TiDg gmoed iid* 
MiflnioD td lS«rlei Yl],, ihe wsi sent bj 
biQi to raiM the aiege of Urlennii, and 
ftd^AlJjr snecraded in bo doing. Schiller 
h» m. tmgedy oit the s-ubjcct, Cftsimir 
l>tlmyigne an elegy on her, Sontbey in 
tpk po^m <)° her ii^ liiid d£Mh» And 

J a rcgud to ber desdi, M, Dctare 
Deltpi^Te, In hi» £>aut^f Hithnqm, denio 
tbe to*dition of her hnring beco burnt Co 
doob 14 HHOtjen ; and Vif^ier discorerfid 
m 1 funilj fiiQiitttient chwt the *' conlract 
of marriage between" Robert dea Ani^oite, 
kniebtr J^fl Jeanne d'^Vrc, siini&ined "The 
MftM of Orlcan*," 

Ar'cedes Aml?o, both f«>U alike ; 
l&th '^iweet innocents ^" both alike 
Ecetsitne. There is ncithmg in the chn- 
zutiT of Cotydoo and Thj'raii <Virjnra 
IkiijpMj liL 4> to juKtify Ihis dbtwni^in|2: 
affpiiiOi.tion of the plinue. Ail Virgii 
loy* is they were both *' in the tlower of 
their yuuUi, aod b>th Afcadian*, both 
erj^ud in f>ettmg a tbeme fi>r sonj^ or cap- 
ping it epij^mmmaticiiLly ^" but as Ar- 
cadia was Che leant intellectual pitrt of 
Gteeee, ati ^' Arcadian " came to aignify & 
dunce^ and hence ** Afcariea ambci" re- 
cdTod iti preflcnt i^ceptiltioii. 

Arca'dlA, » pastoimt romance by iir 
"Hsilip Sidney, in Imitation of the iHan'a 
tif MoBtcmajor (sbtteetiib c«ntur\ ), 

Arcala^QB (4 jnjL% ah endtnnter who 
bound Am'adlji de Uaul C^ a pillar in his 
ctiurtyard, and administered to him ^W! 
^Ittpci with hii hofBe'a br\di^^AriMidi$ 
di tJiMtd (l^fteetitb centur)'). 

Ai^ca'ties *y^f ^ noble toldieTf 
friend of Cas'sitane (B ttfL} geoemi of 
Ccody* — Beaumont and Fletcher, Tht 

Archan'ff^L Barftm^hi, the puritaii 
preacher, cwied Cromwell "the aieh- 
aa^ that did b«ttle with the devil/' 

ArebaSt " the loyal imbject " of the 
I^Teal dmkc of llo«covia, and general of 
the Moacofitei. Hia iOD m colonel Theo- 

Tfinwj Art;ha^ ion of the ifeneral* 
LHiciiiited ^ a womani he OLSt^^nme^ the 
same r4 Ali nda. — iieati mont and F I etcher, 
Ti^ld'ijai Suii^t (ItiltS). 

Archblali'op of Grana'da told hia 
Heretary, Gil UImm, when be hired him, 
** Wbxat^tx thxm thtlt parcetTe my pen 

Hmack of old a^ and my genius flag, 
don't fail to advertise me of i^ for I don't 
tmst tomy own jud^^ent, which may be 
iedaced by self-loYe." After a fit of 
apoplexy^ Gil Blaa ventured in the most 
dftlicat* manner to bint to his grace that 
^* his lout diBconrse had not altogether 
the energy of his former ones." To this 
the archbishop replied, "You are yet too 
raw to mnke proper distinctions. Know, 
child^ titat I never composed a better 
homily than Chat which you disapprove. 
Go, tell my treasurer to give you 100 
dueAU, Adieu, Mw. Gil Bias; I wish 
yon all nmnner of prosperity, with a little 
more taste*"— Lcsage, Oit Bias, vii. 3 

Ar'cher (FmBoj), friend of Aimwell 
m-ho jomji hitn m fortune-hunting. These 
are tie two ** beaux." Thomas viscount 
Aimwell marriea Dorinda, the daughter 
of lady Bountiful. Archer hands the 
deeds and pro[>erty taken from the hi^h- 
WftjTuen to air Tharles Freeman, who 
takes his aisUr, Mrs. Sullen, under his 
charge a|;aio.--Gec»rj^e Farquhar, The 
i^fyiij' Struta^^rm (1707). 

Archibald (/oAn), attendant on the 
dake of AifK)^*="~Sir W. Scott, Heart 
{if Afidhthiitn ftinte, lieorge II.). 

Archima'go, tlie reverse of holiness, 
snd tlierefore Sataa the father of lies 
and all deveption* Assuming the guise 
of the Ked Cross Knight, he deceived 
Una; and under ih*- guise of a hermit, lie 
dtct'jved ihe kni>:ht himself. Archima<;o 
h inLrodiiccd in hks. i, andii. of Spenser's 
Fmry Qtiten* Thti poet oays: 

. , . rl^ conld taka 
Ai mmnf rpnrd ari^l :im|i«.v In MRmlnv wise 
Aif^tj Vi- ' ikJtir c»u!i| ruake : 

ihinntrl >nM -' iietinm a tl-ti in l&ke, 

a-aw an- L ike a dnigon fi-ll. 

epcrL.. : utrg (}iMwn. I. ii. 10 (l.-jyoj 

Ar'chy M'Sar'easm {.?<>), "u proud 
Caled^^nJAn knij^ht, whose tongue, like th<» 
dart tif di?ath, spares rieitlicr sex nor age . . . 
His insidcnce of frimily and licentious- 
ness of wit f^aint*] him the contempt of 
every one" (i. 1). Sir Archy tells C'har- 
lotte^ " In tlie hniise of M'Sarcasm are 
twa hari>n?, three viscounts, six carls, ane 
maniuiiate, and Iva dukes, besides baro- 
tiels and lairda orl i' a' reckoning " (i. 1). 
He makes it>vc tn Charlotte Goodchild, 
hut attppoBing it co be true that ghe 
has lost her fortune, declares to her tliat 
he has juift n-vriv^td letters "frae the 
dnke:^, the marqniT;. and a' the dignitaries 
of the family . , . expressly nrohibiting 
hb eoaCamlnatiDg Uic blood of M'Sarcasm 



wt* onythiiiif §iirtmg from a 

ftl.,'..i.| t^jrloli til •n.'ff. <iik^ «■ U ■■< tfii ifnMNi V«W|«f 1 

r»p • MiiMiiui^i.b ^.c'<if «r A tHiufc %ir— f' ll«iirltTii 
Sit A*^'.hir» irrfKit*'tr*ifiihmaiAer. Sir 

jifuchiry. The S^fi|jHiiiii.jMi muJ ihtkt tb« 
Inwh ii'rr m r^lotiy ttom,J " -it\ 

ifi 'rttii bv wiving ilmt **ot 

«i:ul iJ«M|ik"i1 sdi ftst'tjllHnci > 

|MHiMli, jtnsi ajiIclhI tJn' CAum.- +^1 tJttt *:oa- 
Unlif-h, whrrrr.frt-f* sir C«ll'itfhflii raplitU, 
'^^ M4iihi.iTL, it is «9>iiut iip ArcUf'c gn!«t'^ 
grnnilnintlipr."— C, Mscklio, £b» ^Ma* 

Archy'tas of Tdrrnluni inrtdc « 

Wfe'li' \Jmt fitw fit I'M! KunitTsbeTE; if* Hiti:t 
tlif* eiitiq-rtiir, «ru], tia^ing whiter bim« 
Pt' turn Til ithen* c it M't ftut (1 !*<«)- HTfJ). 

TliKi f»ng1ii* HJiHf fed pnblr«*«t1 fmni Lbi ■«# fMlM:l|4l«| 

Ar'deii of FeV'emh&zn^A ar«lil«e]i*- 

fttid modfiit. II 1^ r pifcp 

bnt h« fwntofifl hLT un fouLlittgii Shk 
abf triU iievet Mv the ■edncir bsiiIi. 
de&n:dl]F hui the ntibdft th« ^lanM 
wbtn aJj* pl<*t« wrltli Sfiritiy liifj h«J»- 
bftlid'i in«f(let» It) n |iUu»f]4«d «tTi«iU 
mmjUU^ Muftbv prvtiTficln tn takt AtvlcDi 
{iurt, Atiil mnn Q\tnmn tijm oHF hli 
criMiril, Anl*n tUfnki! Iiu h«« Wfuftcat 
tiinii to bb hoiiM, b*i( 
wiiii iwn bind nilR«ii« 

uiyitiiCi " Now 3 

(i1ii« dminu in Unuted mi « noiiriir 

]im* tratialfl' laU* liimiifts. ttt ft 

iptiiu4{ji(> pr%«^ii^A Ljiij fit i^tui.kie»(MNini. Sam* 
uc-rilie tlic pUy to Gtrnr^^ UHo, but 
DmrU's Latiib givps l:'^!>il «a tbc date of 
iu producuoDi Bijd My 8 the ftuLu^r i» 

Jtad thfi jTniw*'r of tonvtrtitij:!^ lov» to bftt«. 
Thi^ ffiiintjiin wnn m«rlc hv Slctlmj to imrv 
ftif Ttiftlmm nf hif love /or IsoU (but «f 



mi BOW, **like friends once parted 
mwn nngle-hcarted,*' they leap and 
flow and slumber tog^er. *'like spints 
that lore but Ihre no more/' 

V This fable has been exquisitely 
toned into noetry by Percy B. Shelley 

Arothu'se (4 jy/.)» » Syracusian 
foontain, especially noted because the 
port Thioc'ntos was bom on its banks. 
Ifiltoa alludes to it in his Luc'kku, v. 86. 

Arg^ali'a. brother of Augel'ica, in 
iiiost/tf Orlando /W-k»so (1516). 

Ar^fpurij the malade tmaginaire and 
Jkther of Angelique. He is introduced tax- 
ing his apothecary's bills, under the con- 
viction tAat he cannot afford to be sick 
St the prices charged, but then he notices 
that he has alrutdy reduced his bills 
daring the current month, and is not so 
welL He first hits upon the plan of 
marrying Angelioue to a youn^ doctor, 
bot to this the lady objects. His brother 
suggests that Argan himself should be 
his own doetor, and when the invalid 
replies be has not studied either diseases, 
drags, or Latin, the objection is over- 
ruled by investing the ^'malade" in a 
doctor's cap and robe. The piece con- 
clude with the ceremonial in macaronic 

•,» When Argan asks his doctor how 
many graius of salt he ought to eat with 
an egg, the doctor answers, *' Six, huit, 
dix, etc., par le!> nombres pairs, comme 
dans les miHiicanients par l(\s nombres 
im^iairs.*' — Molicre, Le Maladclmaginairc^ 
li. 9 (1673)* 

Argan'te (3 s^/.), a ^ntess called 
" the very monster and miracle of lust." 
She and her twin-brother Ollvphant or 
Oliphant were the children of Typhoj'us 
and Earth. Argante used to carry off 
Toung men as her captives, and seized 
"the Squire of Dames'* as one of her 
victims. The squire, who was in fact 
Britomart (the heroine of chastity), was 
delivered by sir Sat'yrane (3 syl,).— 
Spenser, Faery Queen, iii. 7 (1590). 

ArganW (2 sy/.), father of Octave (2 
sy/.) and Zerbinette (3 syl.). He pro- 
mises to give his daughter Zerbinette to 
Leandre (2 syi.), the son of his friend 
Geronte (2 syl.) ; but during his absence 
abroad tne younj^ people fall in love 
mknown to their respective fathers. 
Both fathers storm, and Uireaten to break 
•ff the engagement, but are delighted 
biyood measure when they discorw that 

the choice of the youn^ people has lUH 
knowingly coincided with their own.— 
Moliere, Les Fourberies de Scapin (1671). 

(Thomas Otway has adapted this plar 
to the English stage, and called it The 
Cheats of Scapin. "Argante" he calls 
Thrifty; **GtA-onte" is Gripe; "Zerbi- 
nette " he calls Lucia ; and " Leandre " 
he Anglicises into Leander.) 

Argan'tes (3 ^y^), a Circassian of 
high rank and undoubted courage, but 
fierce and a great detestcr of the Naza- 
renes. Argant^s and Solvman were un- 
doubtedly the bravest lieroes of the 
infidel host. Arganti^s was slain by 
Rinaldo, and Solvman by Tancred.— * 
Tasso, Jerusalem delivered (1575). 

BL:aap«rte stood before the d<»p(itias like the AjsuaUi 
of Ital>'i heroic poet— Sir W. Soott 

Ar'^nis, a political romance by 
Barclay (1621). 

Ar'genk {The halls of). Here are 
portrayed all the various creatures that 
inhabited this earth before the creation of 
Adam.— W. Beckford, Vathck (1784). 

Ar'i^entile (3 »///.)» daujrhter of king 
Adclbn^ht, and ward of E<lel. Curan, a 
Danish prince, in order to woo her, became 
a dnidge in her house, but being obliged 
to quit lier service, became a 9h(»j>herd. 
Edelj'the guanlian, forcing his suit on 
Argencile, compelled her to flight, and 
she became a neatherd's maid. In this 
capacity Curan wooed and won her. 
Edel was forced to restore the possessions 
of his ward, and Curan became king of 
Northumberland. As for Edel, he wan 
put to dwith. — William Warner, Albion's 
England (158G). 

Ar'gentiii (/^ sicur ff), one of th». 
officers of the duke of Burgundy. — Sir 
W. Scott, Anne of Geierstein (time, Edward 

Arge'o, baron of Servia and husband 
of Gabrina. (See Dictionanj of Phrase 
and Fable.) — Ariosto, Orlando Furioso 

Arges'tes (3 syl.), the west wind. 

WIngW Arge!>te«. falre Aurorn's <r)nne. 
Llc«ii*ed thftt «iiix to I«ave 
Mc«kh att«n;1e>L 
Wm, Browne. RrU<intti(i'$ Pautoralt. II. 6 (161S). 

Arges'tes (3 syl.), the north-east wind ; 
Cie'cias, the north-west; Bo'rcas, the fuH 

BoroM and Cspciiu and Aixestcs loud 
. . . rend the wi.Hid<i, and devt upturn. 

Milti.n. raradUe jAUt, x. i'<Ai. etc (IftW). 

Ar'gillan, a haughty, turbulent 
knight, born on the banku ot the TvmlU 




H* inducfKl the Lulinni to rsfolt, ws* 
ftrreataft made hi« i>«capet l^vt wm ttld» 
Dihtd^ il^n lEL bal:tiQ bj SdlTiiutii^— - 


Argon and Rupo, th« twi* •««• a* 

^Lmiditifevuk. Cur'tii&lii, A neigLlKinrimg 
chief, CAHie ta t}ie inland, add juki^l f4»r 
Lh« bonnur of m tourtuXQitiat. At||«Q 
f^mnUd tlie inquest, and di^'wrthrvw hitn^ 
mii4 this *P reiced Corcaalo tho^ durina « 
liun: be ibot botb the brti^Mts Willi i^b 
hi*^. Their dog Huitvs rumitQ^ tA tJa« 
hjLll^ howltH! BQ OS to mttraci iltHitwn, otid 
AAmti, foHowlii^ the houndf lew^ b'ui 
tTHo ^mi br*th deatd, Dn hi* tMiUkm b* 
diKov^ri'd that Comiak- hod mn i^ wjlh 
hjji daughter. O's-mr, mn of Omiofi, tlnr 
C^irmaln in light, and rnustoied the daugh- 
ter u» her father,— O^aun (** The War of 

Argfuri (in Rntsimti Anoeni*), tm- 
diticioallT where ^loob first plantefl the 
rinis, iAr^jh wri^ **he pljiQt^d the lioe/') 

Afgue, the turf-wfiter, waa Irwia 
Wilis*, who dit'd in ItJTl. 

Argylo' (Jf'ic Gitfttwi Jfe*nr» efwfe o/), 
iti the r<^Ji^ of licerge L — Sir W. Scottj 

In fM)etrTn, Aneoiuaai meaaji Benf«fd> 
■hiiki iLobd for Iti wnoL 

fit. b«M«4Sr%SS«i tp. 
cir lifUlfl AHwiiMm «luli I ^Mto 

Arldeuji ['^cir.tu]^ • horsld la 

A riol, m 7^ Tfmfjfit^ an niirr pfnflt, 
ahh' u* Af^ieme («>¥ nhajN^ or «kT#ii |i& l>»* 
efTttU' bnbihk. fUvrM malatipd to tbt 
wtli^h 8ri'r^nue. nuithc^ ^f €mV\\m^ who 
vnrifitAalGtKJ the little Lhbg, ui4 kn pooioh* 
ni«nt for ii<3f dmi^ wbifr ^rm ImemA bia 
itSQ^gHLilllflriMIMdblai flWNlWVTIttlt 

Jd i3)s fm of A piom trm, w&tfe CMiUu 

d^^l^chtcd Va ltift«r# htm wttii impith 
erucilty^ Pnit^i^rcif dukii erf iGlaa mod 
fathf-f of Itiroitdi^ Uliofiited Afid fr«M> 
£2i« fii 119- rift, and tb« fnte^ tpitit K^ed 
tbe dtik« f Of Nmt««ii jtmOi Wmb he wu 
■et free. 

And uk« iitoi lA tb dATBQ r^^ b«, 

A'rwrif the jrj'lph in PofCn AVip? of fJii 
X/jicJt. The iiiipcTSCTiitioD of *■ tine life *" 
in the nbAtro^'t, the nice adjml&t of beoita 
and Dei;kiacefl. Wbeu disoMienC he » 
pKuniiihed by being kept iMtvering gvi* 
the fninea of ihu ibocQlate, or ia tfand* 




I votacri VMMn. qtate nl^n trmilrtir, 

Ito aoniai. ■air* eo|iidtUte M lef^ ctafa- 

^ « ArinH|4i rmpiwtibin. malti. wl cauln* 
IHAH ftavdoCaB at ArMaw P roeo m w riu i KrllxiDt.— 
nmg, 9m. mutu vtL 1. 

Ar^och (" a feroe /Hm"), one c^f tiaa 
ftllen angels orertbrown bj Abdiel.— ^ 
MUUm, Paradim Lost, ri. 871 (106^), 

Ariodan'tes (5 tyl.), the beloved of 
Genen'ra, a Scotch princess. Gi!ii«arm 
beinff aocosed of incontinence, AriodAntei 
stood forth her champion, vindicated ber 
innocence, and married her. — Anosto, 
OrUatdo Furioao (1516). 

Ari'on. William Falconer, author of 
Tki ShipKreck. speaks of himself under 
this »om fie plume (canto iii.). He was 
sent to sea when a lad, and says hn was 
esger to inresti^^ate the ** antiquities of 
foracn states.** He was junior oj!titcr in 
^ntBrUamma, «'hicb was wrecked n^iinst 
the projecting Ter|;e of cape Colonnn^ iJie 
BMwt southern point of Attica, and was 
the only officer who survived. 

II17 vMi. Arlon. aod th7 tlmple tale 

Om aO Um iMwrts ahiUJ triumph aiid pruTifl. 

OupptMil. PUoMttret nf Uop«. It UTMi 

ArCoHy a Greek musician, who, to avoid 
being murdered for his wealth, threw 
himself into the sea, and wad carried to 
Tv'naros on the back of a dolphin. 

An'i/tif the wonderful horse, whirb Her- 
ealCs gave to Adra^tos. It had the f^ft 
of human speech, and the feet on the tight 
side were the feet of a man. 

(One of the masques in sir W, Scott's 
Kenilvorth is called *^ Anon.**) 

Ario'sto of the North, sir Walter 
Scott (1771-183i»). 

And. Uk* the ArhMo of th« Nnrlh. 
Imc ladpk4ow9 mad var. nonuutce mad kJiighU^ wurth. 
Byroo. CkUd* Uaro4. \t. U. 

Ariat8d'u8, protector of vincn and 
olives, huntsmen and herdsmen. He in- 
structed man al»o in the nianaperneul f*f 
bees, taught him by his mother (s nCn^. 

la locfa • pAlaor Aiistaoa found 
OrcnA. whtn he bnr« th« pUintire taJa 
Of his lort bee» tu her malvnuU «ar. 
Cowpar. r*« /or Patmee itf A mm ^ nVudid. 

Aristar'chuB, any critic. Ariatar- 
chus of SamuUirace was the greatest cnlic 
of antiquity. His labours were cliitrty 
dir^t***! U'Xhe fluultind Odyssey ot ILuuier. 
Hf divided them into twenty-foiif ImhiLi 
esih, marked every doubtful line with iKa 
obelos, and every one he coiisidered 
sspeciall> beautiful with an astcriflk^ 
(V\. B.C. l.Vi ; died aged 72.) 

1k» vkoir rasiM uf bdl« httrw fdl under mr latfrn^ 
■sa . . . 1km. iln. ttke taoOm Ari«tarcb. limix out 

mt piM 

iiar. 1- V 

" Vlow. fHend.* npJM tiM arthMdM^iv *'hM H [(»• 
k&mtir^ iTwi «lih luv ArlvbKliiii [»f«rt crtt^lf^ 
Lamtm, tiU iiiaM. VU. % U7UJL 

Arlste (2 »ifL}t brother of Chrysale 
(2 *j/.), Bot a aavani, but a pfaetirnl 
trad^mnn. He sytnpsthij^ei wjth Hm- 
riette, his womanly niece, against bts 
BiBter-in-law Phikminte (3 atfl.} and her 
daughter Armande (i iyiX who are 
f^mmes uimnU^. — Molifere, j^m Fmnm^e 
Savantes il^lf). 

Arifite'a.3, a poet who eontiEtued to 
appojLT and diAa{>pea.f alternately for atMtve 
400 yeam, and wljo visited all thv mytlii- 
cal nations of the earth, Wbea not in 
the human form, be took the form of a 
sta^*— GjwA Letjtnd, 

Ariltl'defl (The BHii$hy Andrew 
Manrc^U, an in^ucntial member of the 
Hou^t of Cot]iu>oQ» tn the reign of Charlie 
11. He T«fiLis«d ev^ry offer of proraotiouf 
and a diri?ct bribe tendered to him by the 
lord trc-asurer. Dyin^ In great poverty^ 
he was buriod, like'Anstld^s, at the pabHo 
expense (l*i-2t}-JC7ft). 

AriBtip^poB, a Greek philosopher of 
Cyr^e^titi, who studied under boc 'rate's, and 
set uu a {^^bl loAophic schoul of hia owU| 
callea ** bt-'di€jiiJ-"m " (ii*>*^, ^♦pleasure"). 

*-^* C. yi. Wieland has an histono 
novel in iaCTmnn^ caUr>d Ahstippi^^ m 
whit'b be BPt5 f firth the philoaipfshical 
dojicmsd "f tbifl Cy'^ruiin (iT^K^l^lo). 

An sxH^m of Artstippos was Ommk 
ArustipimtH dt'CUit t^Wwr, rtt stfitun^ et res 
(HoraiCt KjMtit, L iFj *i3) ; iwid UU grf^at 
precept WHS i/jAi nvf, n*/n ft^ retms sub- 
jun-jire (Hurace, /JpiU. L 1, IH). 

1 jfc>;. > «Qft af ArLilli|Tpai. mi4 ««n eri<ik]lr «fnHBnnK>di.t« 

AriStobu'lus, cuHed by Dmyton 
Arisiltib'uliLfi {li'uftk. xvL 10)^ and said to 
be Liu* iir^t that brs^ki^ht U' Kngland the 
**glrtd tiilin^^ of saTvatJun/^ Be waa 
murder (id by the liritnng. 

Tht Am U^i fT«r laid Chrfat mdfiid to im, 
[\jr I'iuil AH\i ffter iCilt. Jbul Arlilah ulcH . . . 

Aristom'enes {ft j//1), ayoun^; Mes- 
mn'mn uf the royal line, the *Mjid*' d 
ancient Mesf^^nia* C>n f>nfl occasion he 
ent4.T&d Sfhbrta by nt^'ht to suspnd a 
ibic'ld fmio the tftmi|4e of I'albis. ^m 
the uhield wprc iniK-Til>ed thf»e wordi : 
** ArfMimien*^s fmm tbe i^ji^rKm spoiif 
drdicatep lliia to tlte godcjt'M*!/' 

*^* A limilar iain is told ol f nmaiv^o 




PeT*i del PalgAF, when wmQ)^ under 
F«riILnandl of Casitile at llie %\i^ of 
GmriA'dji- Wiih iifLe;«n ecunpuitpnn \m 

Mciitnt, and n^U^i to tl)« door O'f Ibt^ 
f»ri]icip&1 uiMMjUi'.- with bis diu^Qfa tftbtM 
inHcnt'i'4 ''Ave Mmria ! '* tliejl ^^^pUoffvod; 
ba*:k, before Uj€ gwft^li recuvaed froin 

Arlatopli'aneg ("A ityl.)« a Greilc 
who vrrtiu fifiy-four comeoial, ttfffVuil «>if 
watch iLavf: survived Uy the ptviimt da)r 
(KC. AU-im^). He i« c*Ueii '^'Tfe# Primai 
of AjveicTit CV/me-dy/" und Mrtwder 
"The Prinee of Xew OmeJy " (tt.c, 

JAc- Enfjiish or Jf^t-rii ilruli^iit^ 
S*timel toote (172^-1777). 

Poqii«li9 d« Moli^ra (lt;^2-l«73), 

AriBtotle, Thfl mistrcei of thi» 
philo^ojibef wm H(?pjrlUA; of Fiatrt, 
A.fdiioD«aA« ; Btid of Kpicxirue^ L«r>Dtiutti. 

ArixUtth of Diiii^J, tehuhe, wbo diwl 
A*l)< l:;!<Hi. nJlc^d, *'Tht! Prince of Sdenct." 

j1 futi'th vf Chrmt i'ami'f^ Tin «». A qu i 'tiflft, 
whv trird tiC reduce^ Ihp df>.-ttidM of fatlh 
to »vtli*KTatk fttrrniilii? f I '.'^1-1 ^7-!), 

Irixtath of tKf S^Hi't^Hfith CrmtHnj, 

B* >ti*iOTK& Mil mm UtLTsU III bH tv^MHllii ttem El 

mIp (t iv^.) wid ««tcf of HcAriAlS^ 
Aruiwid* U » /rtuditf «xoEMiip» uul llfii# 
ririlo A "tltorotjj-h ffortiwi." Botb loti 
CUitAiMlrv, liitl Ajmuit{« tov^* liitn ^*- 
tiinirlyv whU*^ lf«iri*ittw Ij^vi^ tiim wiUi 
womn'ti I y »Jf iwti ot», CI i:l*ti«l f** pFnf rrii tli* 

X^ /bnmM i^vanU* itHT'ih 

of J<*runkiii» lim&ldn I r 
tr^hpripteadidpi I - ' 

nrnt^ Mid mbnt'l -i 

j*iy»i« CTwIa and l a 

mm iMf k. and hi ; 

but aikt fothfiriit i . • 

te ftllura him batL _^.:.-, -^ . t 
|«lH?e^ rushed intci tlie midtt ot Uie ttgiitf 
tmd i& stLaJn. 

iTiiftilnfw Itvlt lh.iD l-k 1*111 Ml iWiliid 

Wri>«4«i^! [>iA>ii^ «1Ui 4lJ Arnihltt'4 (41^17 hrt 
LUb« viutl tlUaU#>f taSfti left «ii .JiMun 1 hmA 

TffiTicti the yotinif qDtwn fif FnMeriefe 
Williiifn nf Prt3ji»iii mtJealKUii if» miliurir 
mnAtiimp t*> m(»it<? the. Prua^LKtia tjo anna 




James I., introdncf^ in Ths /brfiM«9 of 
Kigtl, by sir Wjdter Scott (1822). 

Ar'naut, an Albanian mountaineer. 
Tbe word means ** a brave man.** 
nyiMd wish tte b«t ofAraMit Mood 

Amheixn (2 ayi^). The baron Her- 
nan torn Amheimj Anne of Geieratein^s 

SAUla of Amheim, Annexe mother. 

The baroness of Amheim^ Anne of Gder- 
itein. — Sir W. Scott, Aims of Geierstein 
(time, Edward IV.). 

Ar'no, tbe river of Florence, the birth- 
place of both Dant£ and Boccaccio. 

1W Aiao'k ai>rtl» t 

Arnold, the deformed son of Bertha, 
who hates him for his ugliness. Weary 
of life, he is about to make away with 
himself, when a stranger accosts him, and 
promises to transform him into any shaj^e 
he likes best. He chooses that of Achilles, 
and then ^oes to Rome, where he joins 
the besiepng army of Bonrbon. During 
the siege, Arnold' enters St. Peter's of 
Rome jurt in time to rescue Olimpia, but 
the proud beauty, to prevent being teken 
cmptivc by him, flings herself from 
the high altar on the pavement, and is 
taken up apparently lifeless. As tbe 
drama was never completed, the sequel 
is not known. — Byron, The Deformed 

Ar'noid^ the torch-bearer at Rotherwood. 
— ^ir W. Scott, Ivanhoe (time, Richard 1.). 

Ar'rufld of Benthuysen, disguised as a 
beggar, and called "'Ginks."— Beaumont 
and Fletcher, T/te Beggar's Bush (1622). 

Amoldo, son of Melchtal, patriot of 
the forest cantons of Switzerland. He 
was in love with ftlathilde (3 sy/.), sifter 
of Gessler, the Austrian governor of the 
district. When tbe tyrannv of Gessler 
drove the Swiss into rebellion, Amoldo 
joined the insurgents, but after the death 
of Gej*slcr he married Mathilde. whose 
life he had saved when it was imprilled' 
bv an avalanche. — Rossini, Gugliettno Ted 

AmU^do^ a gentleman contracted to 
Zeno'cia, a chaste lady, dishonourably 
pureued by the governor, count Clodio. — 
Beaumont and Fletcher, The Custom of 
the Qmntry (1647). 

Ar'nolphe (2 syL)^ a man of wealth, 
who has a crotchet about the proper train- 
ing of girls to make good wives, and triea 
his scheme on Agn^s, whom he adopts 
from a peasant's hut, and whom he m- 
tends in time to make his wife. She is 
brought up, from the age of four years, 
in a country convent, where difference 
of sex and the conventions of society are 
wholly ignored ; but when removed from 
the convent Agnbs treats men like school- 
girls, nods to them familiarly, kisses 
them, and plays with them. Being told 
by her guardian that married women have 
more freedom than maidens, she asks him 
to marr>' her ; however, a ^ouog man 
named Horace falls in love with her, and 
makes her his wife, so Amolphe after all 
profits nothing by his pains. — Molibie, 
V^oole des Femmcs (1662). 

Dwu OB petit ooavent lotn de tout* ftntiqiw 
Je Ifl lb mver selon vom politique 
Ceit-4-dira, ordoniiaiit quel* aKina oo «nploicrolt 
Pour ic nndre Idiots autant qu'll m pourroit. 


Ar'not {Andrevc)^ one of the yeomen 
of the Balafr^ [Ludovic Lesly].— Sir W. 
Scott, Qucntin Duncard (time, Edward 

Aron'teus (4 syl.)^ an Asiatic king, 
who joined the Egyptian armament 
against the crusaiiera. — Tasso, Jerusalem 
Delivered (157/)). 

Aroun'dight, the sword of sir Lan- 
celot of the Lake. 

Arpa'sia, the betrothed of Mone'sC's, 
a Greek, but made by constraint the bride 
of Baj'a^et sultan of Turkey. Bajazet 
commanded Monises to be bow-strung in 
the presence of Arpasia, to frighten her 
into subjection, but she died at the sight. 
— N. Kowe, Tamerlane (1702). 

AtP'rant Knave (An), a corruption 
of the Anglo-Saxon ncanj-cndpa ("great 
knave"). Similarly, nearo-bre^jd {^* great 
fear") ; nearo-^jrap ("great grip") ; neaio- 
wrence ("great deceit"), etc. 

Ar'rot, the weasel in the beast-epic of 
Reynard the Fox (1498). 

Arrow Festival {The)^ instituted 
by Zoroaster to commemorate the Hight 
of the arrow shot from the top of the 
Peak of Demavend, in Persia, with Fnch 
miraoulpus prowess as to reach the bonks 
of the Oxus, causing the whole intervening 
country to be ceded to Persia. 

Arrow shot a Mile. Robin Hood 



ind Littlf .Tt)!in **fref]ucntl7fttiol*awtMvf 
■ mpoaumi mile'"' (liiJlO yaTf1*K 

Inn. tt^t^f^'ir WMtln, rv-i. IM. 

(tflnip ruf the Pfi>i;%« ItitJijjn, ftttm AnMK"*^! 

ii|[J*'il to lifime ili-Minictivc jumc oT 4f»peJ' 
tnti^m, ti3 the liomttn em fuerofi A4<Ic:d Ujl* 
Dame of i^wu- to tiieir own. 

C4i4fi «i<»iiiBrt« Now; bongr^Eii ^ilM m taiTO l al 

who bii?a|E[]!tt ujp. rioniida^ ikiiA nuenrtft* f»a 
her, — "fnuo, J^rttfti^rfi* IMiwrtd (157A)t 

Ar^taban, Ibe Ficneti type of tiubU 
liary pride. 

Ar'tamenes (3 ty/.) or lie ClT«nd 

Cyrus, tt ^* lonp-windi*d romant'e/* bv 
il a II c. Scu J (-ri ( 1 a>7 - 17y J I , 

ArteLxam'lnouB, Vinfij wf Uvipin, 

mftrncd to (^ris-kiaissiiT. tthMiTi lie* vrifiht^ 
iu iliv-^rce for IKslAifi'TiM* Hut lH*«tA(li(ia 
i* hf^tfiitht^'l l*j e:i*Qcrftl BiitssliftjiLcs, and 
^Ih'T) ttio iLji^ncnttl Imiia th»t his *' fMntl 
1*110 " (jrvfu-rs '* Ivnlf a croiVTi'" tfi lutitwlf, 

****** II 

Ilk. Hi. nf tb<> F*^ru Qaten; mn4 tiM 

nrlsi* vt*miuit* of fir Afl^nil, nc th© ijn- 

■ituUoti 4ff jiiiiticci b liie «u.bje«t oi 

U» wliieb d»lin»nt (i livitJij w^imuti bt- 
looiiif^. Hi id h« 44vic|«cf lir'ri^niifflg ia 

**tlt# lirin ' n,bt |), 

fr*crlcci of brJ • ;.; ^oLtd*. :?). 

U» tliifd wftji (' . of Hratpe** 

B), lit had tlitiji to d<*<fidi' l4i wliti 

h< ],^'i ■ ■ , ■ ". . S'.Li'ididi; 

>• ■ r g^^-TUet 

f, nv hlltlilj 

Ot lUU't^Uiul tjUi i'(t t>f Ula AlliJMt»t% ftflil 

wmit rtH4*A«itl bv Britonuirt {rmnUm & and 

' . -a, tb« 

.11 tmm. 
IJriLnt'-.-rto {'^ibcUifjfi\, w-htjm he ilew 
(rntitn 1?}, 

K. B. — Tins rebellion wiia that **&]lod the 
rn.fl r»f Dr-unond'si, in }fii^. Befr^n? bk. iir. 
fi. Aritrijiil IS *jjel| Anhe^lf but nerw 

%* *' !Sir Art4*E^l" ig mp*rttfor lord Gf*!- 
<tf WiJlon, H|*iifler's Mend. Vlr wiu sent 
it! IfiHW m*4^ lfi*Uftd a* litrrt-lieut^Eiaai, 
•ftd the Tw*t w(w bi» ftwiviiif#, Tbe 




ArtM Dodger* the iflbriquet of JoTiti 
Dm kill*, n. vounj: thief, up to every ioit 
of d«)Nlj». &n4 A GPDit si&ivelloiu tdtpi m 
nUuiir.— Dickey 0^»ttfir Twu^ (ISaT). 

Arth^llo, ■ mytltical Britiab kiag, 
braCtoA Gorboniui, bit pnedeceticir on 

tht tlkRni«, And «on' of Mor'ridiidi the 
tmnl whi> WAS swallowed b^ a i^a- 
■BflSiter. ArtbtralW wm deposed, and 
hk bfoihcr O'idtire wft» *dv»nced to the 
Atoti^ instead. —Geoffrey, Bntith History ^ 

Axthur (S'i*7), p«rentage qL Hia 
#rihi4» w»» Utbfif Ui« pendrftj^OQ^ and bli 
motbii' Yi^emw (3 »y^), widow af Uorloia 
dnke of c£ni*mlL But Tgejue b*d been 
a vidow ooIt thre« bottra^ and kaew oot 
that tb« duk« waa dead (pt, u 2)^ and 
her mAma^ vilfa Ibe pendmunn waj» 
iMt eimiiifn mated till Ikirtsen davs after- 
ward*. \\l*en the bf>y wa.* born Alerlifi 
took bifn, and be wns brnttsbt up aa the 
foster-aon of sir Ector (Tenaystui myn *'air 
Aaton "Jt till Merlin tbouijht pry per to 
aAauanee him at the lawful aycecaflor of 
UtbcTi and had bi in c ni wned. Utbe r lived 
twu ¥«r* after hi a nmrria^e with Yj^ernu. 
—Sir T» Malt^rfc", Htst&rtf of Prifyj^ Arthur, 
L 2, 6 (uro). ' 

kmi PiW htfl^ Trt fir Aniont «i oU Itlmkltat 
Awl ftiinrtrnt fri«ul nf Ultwf j Uf>J b(* wlf" 
iioiAd tbi r«WAC priun, MHl tmmi hhrq vltb ))h dvii. 

Cumim «/ Arth ttr. tjtif^'Qgmn , k iti(f of 
Gini'elianJ (3 f^/Oi appealed Ui Artbur to 
ai»iit liim ta cl^iLriiLg hb kini^doni of 
rubbcfi and wild Utsosta, TbU helag 
d«i»nr^ Arthur aeiit tlir€« of bis koi^bta 
t^ iJvMlo^rvti^ to b<.'g the hand of hia 
daii^hter Gut^Diev^r In marrin^^. To thia 
L^Hjogran, after antoe Mttk bcBitadoi), 
a;n^eedT aftd air t ^ncelol waa aunt to eacort 
the laJj' to Arthur'a court. 

AHMmr not detad^ A^scofding to tm- 
diliitin Artiiur ti Hoi d^kd^ but resta m 
GUatotibtiry, ^Hill he ahall come ajitiim 
full twice m fair, to rule over hi» people" 
(Se« BauBaK0h»A,) 

AroD'dlna lA bMllUdn. ArEtiiif MPtf lla^ Iwt «W 
CiKivartrtiL liitu m i-Hru l<7 Ulicluiitiiwnl, Mud wIUh In llv 
t^imp* lit tiiua, ■^l'*"^ W^n >> b^i arfctiul AlufH, la 

m'rm M. wama ItUkit IM Iivlwd.— (knvitSI, jDw» QioiArcL 
1 |L lUWIt 

Arthwt^M TwflM Battk$ {or Tictonca 
orvr the Baxona). 1. The batLl<> f^t tbe 
riv«r Glem {i>. the glen of N<irtjjdiobrr- 
land), 3 to S. The four battliu of the 

Dui^lafl fwydcb fall* into the c;9tuarT of 
tbe Kibble). 0. The battle of Hassa^'aaid 
to be fiasball Brook, which }»io« tb« 
Ribbl* JteAf Clithero. 7. Tb« batUe of 
CeHdon, wad to be Tweeddale* 8. The 
battle of Caatk Gwcnion (»>. Caer Wen, 
ia Wcdale, Stow), 9. The battle of 
CaerleonT »>- Carliale ; which Tennyinn 
makeatobeCaerleon-upon-Uik. 10, Tlje 
boltle of Tmth Trefoit, in Ant!;le»e\% i^ome 
Mftbe Sol way Frith, U, The battle of 
A^pd CAthregonbn (i,*, Edillhtl^gh^ 
n. The Utile of Badoa Hill (i.«, ibc 
Hill of Bath, qow Baaaerdown). 

Tkwn hrmTsIr ctiwiM tbif 
t^ Mfvnl t>vln iiifriMd iidib bi 14h4w] vIUi ib» 
auou fcHnbL 

/IrfAur, onf(j/M? A7i«f iTortAia*, Tbf^ 
were Geotalea : tf ector, Alexander^ and 
Juliut Cffisivr ; three were Jewa \ Joabna, 
David, and Jud»3 Maccabwus; tbnee were 
Chriatiana: Arthur, OuulemagQC, a]jd 
Godfrey of Bftoillon. 

Arikur*i fatter- father tmd Mother j air 
Ector and hia lady. Their aoo, air Key 
(hia fofiter-bTother)^ was hia seoeafbal or 
ate ward* — Si r T . M iai o ry , Hmtory o/ Frifics 
AHhJtr. L a, 8 (1470). 

N.H.— Tennvion ^mkea fiir Anton tJie 
foster-father of Arthur. 

Arthur's Butkr, air Lucaa or I.ncan, ion 
of dnkft CVrntun i but air GriHet^ son of 
Cardul, affsbteti sir Key and Air Luda^ ^4n 
the rule of the aer\*ice/'— //tjfcr^ of 
Prince Arthur, i. g(1470). 

Arthur's Sisters [bftlf-aiaters], Mor- 

fuiEHj or Marj^awse (wife of kins l^t) ; 
lain (wife of kinf^ >£t!ntr«i of uirlot) ; 
and >fori;nn le Fay, the ** ^^ruat dark tjf 
Nij^Tomaocy,** who w^dikd kiojj Vricot-c, 
of the land of Cor^^ fatlicr of Ewayns le 
Blanoh^nmyne. Only the last had the 
fame ro other (Y^-mine or Yi;«mL') as the 
kin|?,— i?ir 'W Mjilwry, /iistury of i'rijoce 
Arthur^ i, i. 

ArUmr'i Stms — Uricn, LIpw, and Arawn. 
Bonre wtti* hU mn by Lvf>ooTS3 da tighter 
of the Oarl iSjionm, — l/istf^rtj of Pnn*:e 
Arthur i i. 15. Mordred wa* bia son hy 
Klnin^ wife of king N«ntr«» of i'arlot. 
In aome of the romances eollateil hv sir 
T. Malory he ia called the ifm of ^lar- 
^uae and Arthur^ Marptuj^e bein;[r trailed 
Lhe wife of kioii; l^tt, and Bitter of Arthur. 
Thia in<'(*»t i» said to have boon the cao^ 
of Mord red's haired of Artliur— Pt, i. 
17, He, etc. 

Arthur's Brii^inj-I/am. Ko one eould 
drink from tbia hom who waa eitber 
unthaNte *>r unfaithful, — Lm d*i (7ura and 
Murie d* Arthur, (See CiiAaTlT\%'l' 




A riAurV SMiid, PHd win. GeoJfrer oOls 
It Piiw^n, »nd says tt wm iidortied wtth 
Ihe piclurc of th«' Vir^fiu MHn%'— /frifwA 

Jhsf- -<>. IV. 1 ,■ r 1 r.'>. 

' ;•[»€- Geoffn^y oaIIb it 
1 ie of eUmy. — Bnti*/t 

niM i|^* Im nA« Kh twHilto |||« |t«|| «M IIkiImi. 

i^f'Mttr'i ;. i ,.,... U c<inUiji<?d 

for Ifttj knight*. Thrw were r<?- 
-fl, two fnf hnnnnf, (ind <^nr ^-nltcd 

1 to 

•It t^i M »Hy, 

•.* ' Win- 

i*h<»«t<<r, in Mi »t to 

MtLiliiij tor I I 

trtwMd akt HHii 

1*4 fiir hiji 

iiwlf n Cfintury Utcr. 



- ' ■ k 

.rtlnif^ Hwi 



-:,*. ll'f 

1 k 



Zasikoven, cooteoipor&ry with Willi^ui 

Wwaloii or Th. r,'^; ,;.f ^,f t\e W/u^i, 
by Winul of * ''Htii iidri»n- 

turcr ?*-fivr*» i xn Syri*, ttnd 

»?«" f »>JN f.ithtTj «\mght Off 

Oir If. 

' Kfwiht of thf L*iM, luiil 
tinano too der Aim <Uisr- 

. -...,. ^..-i J'jr«t/f (in rr- ' " M^utet 
(iottfriful of ^inMburg r: i ii» 

(Hunt's prtxvf iT>tfi»inr» ,^l 

by VAiP dc HofTon^ fi t»€ 

by ThotuM the Uh; : . , . . ._ . uj«, 

under the till* of Uae Oumigmie qJ yH»- 

M<Tit/n Am^tntse^ by Rotmrt de BoTTWO, 

by WjiIut 7tfii|>oii (pra&e). 

/o*7>A o/ Arimatl 


Mr. ^of 


** 1 ■ i.jtft 

Tru end 

"1 \ri(Mti|, Tvrii.ii !■ Ihi 

ut" irtlh ui lAtrudtictioci 

bet'ii eui: 
by nir t 


ArUiur uuiJi Ui^ !vii. 

to th*f immf* inri*'" ' 

'thv pro»^ - 

or liriit k 
ipf < 


n Ail Vim- 

>. rith f»f 




rtif^i'^l liiilUilA and mfnanrt** (Sft 

< M i t. I 1^ M Ari. \ IT i 

S>y\>ph*na the r«^ 
, two tiMLen hk «lf 




ir» Seott'i tiov«l »lldl Med^mmUti 

Aitft {TXe fme) and Ctoiius. ^r 
Walter Scxttt wmm irhotly ^oimnt of 
piciotT^ Aftd qtiite iEidiiru«dl to muilc 
Wordiv^rtli «&red notJilnjiff'orpmiDtiiigei 
Mid bttf ie gAiVCi hitn poj^itirfl diBconirurl. 
Sir Rob«rt Peel detested aimfc. Bjron 
»od T»#«ear«diiotbifigfor&i^hitccturf!, 
and B j^ro© h&d no e»r for m Q0I e. Md p. da 
Sta*l could not npiifecrLate s^en^Ty. Pope 
tnd Dr. Jc»ha5fni. like Sct^tt and Bjtchi, 
had 00 ea# fctr muaie, nnd c^toJd «can;;dy 

dijcem ofie tutie from jiiiDlh«r; Pope 
preftned k atra^i <»f};«o to Handfl'i 

Aj'taiO (lord Aitlmr Tatbfit)^ a 
ca\*mll«ra£liuic«d Ut Elvi'rm ** Ui« ptiriUn/* 
dau^iter of lord %Vait<m, On thi dajr 
ap|hiint«d for the weddinis, Aituno haa to 
aid Enridiett* ( H^nrietta^ vidoa of 
Ckir/et /.) in her e«ca]7«, and ElTir», 
•uppuaia^ h« b elopmg wiLh A rival, 
temi^irmrily lo^ei h«r maaon. On his 
rrtism, Artaro exploliui tbedrcutiiftUticca, 
and they vow never more to part. At 
Uus juoccure Arturo ia arreated for Ueason, 
and led aw&i- to execrulion i but ft herald 
aoDii^aacefli ih^ defeat of Lfae Stuart^i and 
free p«rdovi pf all ptilitical ofF^ddem, 
wben-iipinn Arturn Is n^hiuM'iK iind marries 
"the lair puriLAO." — ^IkJIiuIa opera, I 
Puritami (li^M}, 

i< ^BicaLAw]. SDFimakKaTErt<»n 

is c I] IlNntiizetti'H ofi«rm of Lucia dt 

Lai .-=^(1835). (tree Hatj*'-os.) 

Arundel, the it&ed of air Bei^ia of 
Soutbajuplim, give^n him by bis wife 
Jojtiao, dau|?hter uf Ihe kinj? of A/meniA, 
— I>im.\ton, Piti^jiJbkif^, ii. (H;i2). 

Arundel Oastle>, called M^ounce 

htM \Jm^i4t9} ana id i mnUt ib&t *wt mOoA Uv 

At' valan, the wicted son of Keha'ma, 
lUin bi' Ladur'Ud for attctiiptini: to 
dishonour hia daiif^hUT Kmryjil {t *i/L}. 
After ihi«, hu spirit became the rulent' 
le»* jicrMTutor of the ti*^Jy uiiniden, but 
holmes^ and thnstity triuni'pbed over sin 
and \uit, TboH when Kmil vai wiui t4ken 
^l tlie Iwiwer of hiti^ in iwnidijK, Annlun 
bt>rrb'«'ed the diagtm^-nr of die witch 
Li»r>iuiit« (^ fyi'-) ut cjttry her uff; hul 
when the drvff^&s caiue in sight of Viit 
holy phie^ ihe}' were nnable |o moui t, 
and went perpetnaJiy dttwfiWArJ^j till 
ArvaLan waa dropped into an ioe^nft uf 

peqietoal anow. When he pres?llt«i| 
himself tjtrfore btr in the temple of Jajira^ 
nAut, abe let fire to ttte pa^joda, Aud 
wlien he caujfbt the mftidca waiitng fnt 
bi^r fAther, who woa gone to releAae the 
ttlcodovetr from the »«bmer|^ed city oi 
Bdy, lUly himielf cAme to her reaetw. 

"^ Hr^p^ bctpn i|Bluin« t Wp 3 " kn a^k 

BqI B^ iMrnmi ii-A la abys 

Tlut mlcjttw i7P*tr. ^Eb Ifmlnttljlt IM 

Asd i»n Uai ««jr to t)U ^n^h JiHl^i«nt4Bil. 
DoiTM ilk* ■ ptTiuuDtM Id tb* «iMid hdav 
B* anh ... In pUiiljtaBi«at ^Menrid Knci ondhw VH 
8tiorb«t, (Vrt* «rf '«4i<K. flrtL 11 ^lAli|b 

Arvi'da (PHmw)^ a nobk friend of 
GuaUvua VoAa, Hntli Ah'iiJa &:nid Qua-' 
tAvuji Are in love with Chriati'na, djiught«r 
of CbristiAo IL Ling of Ss^ABdinavifc, 
Cbriatian employe the prince to entrAp 
Giutavui, but wbeti be A(fproAdiep him 
the Nftter inatincts of old friendship jixid 
the nobleneaa of GiiatAvui prevail, eo ttiat 
ArvidA not onJy refases to btttay bia 
friendf but even AOAiidoni U* hitii a11 
further rivalry- In tbe love of (Jhristitui,— 
H. lirooke, int^itumit To*! (Umj. 

Arvir'agruB, thu hnabflod of Po'ri|;en, 
AurC'Iiufi tried tn win her Invcj but Dorjj^en 
nvnile imswer that »he would never Haten 
to hlfl sLtit till the Totkt that l^eset the 
coast were remuvt?dj ** and tliere n'ii no 
Bt<ine y-seen*'* Hy ibc aid of maj^ic, 
AureliuB cnuified all tbr mi^ka of the eoiut 
tn dii«iip|)eiirj and Dorijiten'fl husband 
i£i!<i^te4] that ffhe should keep her word. 
When Aurclioa mw how »ad »he wm^. and 
WA^ told that i<be hiwl .Tome in otiedicnce 
to hiT hualiand's wi^bet, ha Kiiid hu would 
rather die than injure an true a wife and 
muble H ^I'l^tlpmuin. — ihaiicpr^ fiia^tii&fii*!" 
Iklts (;^Tbe l-rmnklin's Tale," U8^}* 

(Thi^ ii Biil>«iiAmiiilly the eAime A« 
IlifL'caociu's Iwle i>f ihan^iru ami Uiiberto^ 
day It, .1. See DfA^suHA.) 

j:1rt/r-(A.^fMj ynmnj.;cr son of Cvm'beliae 
(% it^^L} kin^ "nf Itritaiot »nt^ Ijrother of 
Uuidy'riuii, 'llio two in early childJuKid 
were kidtijip|ied l*y HelnMo^, out of re- 
veiij^e ftirhi jii^ unj \i<h banished, and were 
brnuj^ht u|i by hinii in a i.*ave. When tbey 
were |t"^fiii* n tn uianhnod^ Iteliiriuiif, having 
reacueil the kirt^; frum tlie Kfniijins*, wait 
Ftjiiond to (uvitiiT. He then inlroUui^d 
the two yotin^ men ti» {'yndivlinei and 
toll I Tbeir^atiiry, iipMii wbich the kin^^ WAa 
rojoited to iinil thnt bin tww flonii whtni 
he tliMtt^ht dmd were iBith livifljf,— 
Shakei^fWHriri C^fmfM'fhw (IrtfJoJ* 

ATpyan I^anguaffos ( T/m*)— 
1, San.'ikrit, whence iliTuln.HtaQ««# 
% Zend, t, r^riian. 

IS you UKE IT, 



1. Greek rbenceRrtmjiie. 

4. l^tir I, ltaLi«atFVfaeli«Sptnttli, 



As IToxi Xiikf? It, » cnijied V by Sliakt^ 
*p«jfLre« One of the French dakcs, being; 
irivew from ha dukidM^ii hy hia tfroUjtT, 
nfent with terUin ft^llrwert to tJ** fi>firiit 
of Afdrfit ^faeri; they liv-etj » fret ftfid«|ji>' 
|Jf*% t^hifldy (wcupieil ia th^ d9iAJ«. The 

TttMniJitic!, whncn the iisuiper kcjjt at 
.'(IP ft «i tlie cntmrhiniun of hU OUTJ 
il«iij;hrrr Cclin, md the tiro oouiliti WBf« 
ri^ry fond nf ^ach nther» At a WT«itllii|ff 
nmUih llnwilind felt in !i>ve with OtUndtt, 
who ihnw hi6> J^tttA^;;(^T],istT a j^iAot **jcJ 
jumfL'ssjuaiil «lhiqt«. Til* li^urprnt^ duk« 
(Ffiderkk) now banTHihM her fmrn the 
Court, bitt hvt cnujfin i^iflia re^nlved ti> ^f* 
la Anlen irith her; (H' Ho*allni1l m (^►y'* 
«lothc« (unibrthe^ n*im" n.f lijiuim'^), n-nd 
C*jifli jw A muticr iitAtdfri fmidtr ihe nmrne 
of Alie'n^i^* ^Ijtrled to fitid thi? dtipiwed 
tJnkc. ()rlandf> I tf^ing^ driven f mm h tun a 
by bit thh'T hpntht'i'* •.Ifin went tfl the 
furwt of Ar<I^fi, n-fid wji» tJikcn iindw the 

and his itetnl Arundel, nndrr lii* afWi, 

8ir llevia (vn^rwnri!^ nrndp .4jbe*[Mn hb 
tlnvt, tfi nin Ur* Th« elQflf 

of *if IWiri* In nr f** nf ScraSh 

lNl» . »wnMh>*^»^M>M«f fclftt t» Mi^ "<fcJMj ■a» 

" 4«MUNvrl.'* IV ihlf nlJwW,«|«M| fn IB^ p. »HVNrtiPiyM 

C3i*rt0i Cr^H lor m Iwr. 

fir. twtM ut^unw 
Thua tmitabH hy Pope (l«S8 1744)^ 

Tirgil cailtji him .irwy^n,* 

FUtcbcr (c»ntf* viu>. }i ■. . ' cr*oQ«j 

all fully ij<^*i'ril>(i?d by L , _. ,^._.i^ 

Aser^es (3 *v^), fjiMivi^^tisiacM per- 
sonirlc^L Otip fif the fo«f »r*fli« of Aiu|c'' 
nil* Itrurhifi^tttt'f), hij* thri?« brntbeiii beinj^ 
Mw*:bus ffvf^i/fcrj/), Pt^mei'iiafffjrftrtM^n/d)^ 
jiud AMtb'anis. Setnttfif bis Ijmthtr Por- 

.t.,:^. t*t\ l..» #1-^ _,„.^. _* T» t^l. ,ir:_ 



r mat ■nnylos.— Mn. OMtttrra, Tka 

Ash'fleld (Farmer)^ a truly John 
Ball fanner, tender-hearted, noble-minded 
Uit homely, generoua hot hot-tempered. 
He lovea his daughter Soaan with the 
lore of a woman. Hii faTourite ex- 
pression is "Behaye pratty,** and he 
aimself al wax's tries to do so. His 
daughter Susan marries Robert Handy, 
the son of sir Abel Handy. 

Lame Ashfieldy the farmer's wife, whose 
yif moor is a neighbouring farmer named 
Grundy. >^liat Mrs. Grundy will say, 
er what Mrs. Grundy will think or do, is 
dame Ashfield's decalogue and gospel too. 

SitBttM Aih^eid, daughter of farmer and 
dame Ashfield.— Thorn. Morton, Speed 
Vie PUmjk (1761-1838). 

Aab'fbrd {Isaac), "a wise, good 
man, contented to be poor.*'— Crabbe, 
Pariek Register (1807). 

Aah'taroth., * general name for all 
Syrian goddesses. (See Astokktii.) 

J[r%«y]lud 0eu«rml nuiMt 
or nofim ftud AahUnHh : Umm* malm, 

Milton. ParoMat LoM. L 4X2 (1685). 

Ash'ton (Sir yViiliam), the lord 
keeper of Scotland, and father of Lucy 

Lady Eleanor AshtoUj wife of sir Wil- 

CW'/jur/ Shoito Dottfjlds Ashton, eldest 
son of sir William. 

Lncy Ashtun^ daughter of sir William, 
betrothed to Eugar (the master of liavens- 
wood) ; but being compelled to marry 
Frank ilaysttmf laird of Bucklaw), she tries 
to murder him m the bridal chamber, and 
becomes insane. Lucy dies, but the laird 
recovers. — Sir W. Scott, The bride of 
L'l/ntnennoor (time, William HI.). 

(This has been made the subject of an 
•pcra by Donizetti, called Lucia di lAiin- 
mernwca^, 1835.) 

ik, the wife of that Pharaoh whu 
brought up Mo5e9. She was the daugh- 
ter of Mozahcm. Her husband tor- 
tured her for believing in Mofcs: but 
■he was taken alive into Paradise. — 
Sale, At Kordn, xz., note, and Ixvi., 

Mahomet savs, ** Among women four 
have been perfect : Asia, wife of Pha- 
rsoh ; Mar}-, daughter of Iniran ; Kha- 
iijah, the prophet's lirst wife ; and 
Fatima, bis own daughter." 

As'ir, the twelve chief gods of Scandi- 

navian mythology — Odin, Thor Baldr, 
Niord, Frey, Tyr, Bragi, Heimdall, 
Vidar, Vali, UUur, and Forseti. 

Sometimes the goddesses — Frigga, 
Freyja, Idu'na, and Saga, are rankea 
amongst the Asir also. 

As'madai (3 s^/.), the same as Asmo- 
de'us (4 ayl.)y the lustful and destroying 
angel, who robbed Sara of her seven hus- 
bands ( Tobit iii. 8). Milton makes him 
one of the rebellious angels overthrown 
by Uriel and Ka'phaSl. Hume says the 
word means "the destroyer," — Paradiu 
Lost, vi. 365 (1665). 

Asmode'uB (4 sv/.), the demon of 
vanity and dress, called in the Talmud 
"king of the devils." As "dress" is 
one of the bitterest evils of modem life, 
it is termed " the Asmodeus of domestic 
peacti," a phrase employed to express any 
"skeleton" in the house of a privata 

In the book of Tobit Asmodeus falls in 
love with Sara, daughter of Rag'uSl, and 
causes the successive deaths of seven 
husbands each on bis bridal night, but 
when Sara married Tobit, Asmodeus 
was driven into E^ypt by a charm made 
of the heart and liver of a fish burnt on 
perfumed ashes. 

(Milton tiiruws the accent on the third 
■yl., Tennyson on the second.) 

Better pleawd 
Hun A t m o<16 u» with Uie ftshr ftune. 

Milton. Paradiae LoU, iv. 16& 
Abaddon and Asmrdi^uf nuight at ma 

TaunjrMn. SL Simton SttftUS*. 

As)iu>dc''uSy a " diable bon-homme," 
with more gaiety than malice ; not the 
least like Mephistopheles. He is the 
companion of Cle'ofos, whom he carries 
through the air, and shows him the inside 
of houses, where they see what is being 
done in private or secrecy without being 
seen. Although Asmodeus is not malig- 
nant, yet with all hi» wit, acuteness, and 
tlayful malice, wo never forget the fiend, 
e Sage, Le Diable Boiteujc, 
(Such was the popularity of the Dinhle 
Boiteux, that two young men fought a 
duel in a bookseller's shop over the cnly 
remaining cony, an incident worthy to be 
recorded by Asmodeus himself.) 

Mlu Aiuteii gives us Just uicli a picture of domratlc life 
aa Asntiwimu vuiiM preaent coul»l iie remore tlie nwf of 
Buuix an Engibb home.— h'neyc. Brit Art. " Ronuiit e." 

Aso'tus, Prodicalitv personitijd in 
The Purple Islawf (UV.iS), by IMiincns 
Flct<'her, fully (l<'scril>cd in canto viii. 
(Greek, iist.'los^ "a protligate." ) 

Aspa'tia, a maiden the very ideal •f 



ill -Toft aoe And wrefxitiriini'^A. Slip U the 
tr-«iH-|ilit,'l3t wifp, of An^mi»>f, but Amio- 
tfir, lit ttift kinj^'fl npr^tiPttt^ nia]Ti>« 
F.\inl'n*i (.1 rv^K Wumpn jwitil willi 
«tc^j>m r.l ttir ft^nutken AKjuttia, Inii aU* 
tpvifw iJ nU with |->iilicn«"C* Tlie |i*tlifiii of 
h^r *p«^^'tn*«i iff most toucliiiij;, unfi hrr 
dwi!b fitmi* the tTT^jicml ^rmt wbidi 
i;iv«« unnip t^ the •IniinA. — Lleftmnricil uid 
Flrl''lKr, Jfif Mitttfa Tt^h/i^y (1*^10)- 

AaphiU'tic Pool (IV), the r*«Mi 
.Sni, m* tjilk'tl fi'tTK the fuphijt ftt tiitu - 
tin'ii itK,it]iiHiT]^' in ir. Tke ri-rtr *I(ir4lMi 
rinjifitm itMrtlf into tjiifl '* pooU" — UUtOA, 
r.trvuiij^ Lux/ J i. 411 (1G(35}. 

Aa'phodel, ifi the lati;:uag««if flmwffi, 
vrtftinn ^' fv^^et."* 1 1 LB "yiLri l^iit ihe miribi 
t«f the i]m4 *ustAifi lh(riini*Jv«« with th« 
hff^tJt '^f thiJ flower. It «rbB f)liuii(d tiy 
th^' ftiieiiMttA im ^^ves, sod Mh Tllio^ 
uhilm iind Pliny f^Utc thai ikt |^M>>«ti 
lpiry«Tt]i:l Af-HiPrTm rirjttni thTtm^ til* mmf* 
iiftwn oi A<i|ihr>iie1, ia nf»ier if prt»»»t>le to 
ITJi'*^ the Hutt^TS of 1>etlie or Olitivintj. 
TI'K' AS'phi.Klel WM dedicated to IMulo, 
lj(Mi^cf*'lnw PlmnfTcly emnif^h cntwus 14a 
«n(;i>l iyf fh'fith with ftmarmnUit witli >ihu*h 
ihr ** flfint* ripct hind thctr ren|ilerHlint 
|(*rk«i/' i»ti|f| lii* ftn^l uf lift' whh msji'hn- 
del, the drawer of ** rej^Ttt *' fcnd eiitblem 
of the ffFftve, 

wvemt f mblems of th« Jnriih ^iSns* at 
which Ihii II one. 

Am, Thre^i c^l i}ti'«c ttntniiJii mm li] 
diffcfPUt Ip^etida ii4lt)«tl«t Intn hrftrrn 
K The ui oil whidi Chii<t ftnlt "ti IIT 
Joumeif lo Jemtaleni onthediftjr nf |»1 
2. lite Aik* on whloh llniiiAiii nuAa, ui 
wliii-li ft'fjfoved the probhil^ •^•(MaUi 
V. '■'•■' - ii'e ^^f A fuim* ' I. Th» ■«« 111 
. [if HIimIni t»r Sftta, who ouiift 
rs I on . f S^n A K I tt A t4, I** ^^^<) 
1 K i' h titMio fell dtciUb 
I between Apalhi 

....-^'.un kirif' "^^*> 1>'# 

verdict m fiivrttir oi I'm, < 

Ajjuitu changed lii* «*i^ to : ; 

mm^ Thv M«rvsat wltc^ nwid it^ eui lo« 
kin^'i hftir, dif)cci¥triit|e tba MwmilT-, 
wa* iJ^d In whmym iIm wiwfil Ut ftmr 
one, hut t?<tt iMinc able to imntMit himMlf, 
dug a tiC'Le in tlie eoMh, and, jinttitis hia 
OHiuih mt« It, cried out, *' Klfi^ Mkilaa 
ha* «»9> eftf»» '* ( I e then fi I ted u p th e In i fi. 
And fuit rdievid» T«:ou>>uii t«iikt» Lha 
iMtimT a waiim^i* 

That *hin>tt«i ' hmm' mn " (mi tnumm Wm n^ 

As'eadt son of C«iuaial^^iiiazi aibil 
HeiijLfarnefoiis (5 t^l); and half -brother 
L.f Afrigiad {mjq of CamaxmliaoiKn mnd 

a tn 
aud i 




Jobtk U not unlj protctiCi tiie 
from evil tpiritg, bat fbroca cvciy 

AasiBe (in feud^ ^iiim)^ touie chofle 
ftfBT ed eotir du roiMune.-'C?<r/ dki# 

(he paver of nisiii;^ stomu. — TuiOt 
JimMoi^ Dtfiker^ (157&)* 

AstAT'te (3 i^/.)| the PliceiDiciKa 
mjfm-piddts*^ tti« \JUtorBth of tJbe 

9^1 lam* 

Mimie (f s^f.)» >° uttendAnt on tlie 
— » A&jiA Comne'oa. — Sir W, Scott, 

AtiarU it or S ss^/Ot WoTfld by M»n- 

w« lUat of Jij4in* u r»ni. tuguiiflii. UiihciiiI,— 
(HnioDKi ; but nm. 10 Iter 

a (a an IL« Bttml iAl^ic* ot a 

{SMtL\ . . e lb WDi JiMfaiUt l» £111 4). [lUL 4 1 

As'tdiT* * njTiiph in the timin of 
Vtfttn^i Ihc liglit«st of foot and mcwt 
kctii^e of atL i>ne day the KO^^deat, 
valkiD^r abroad with htt nympha, bAcJe 
thf % 1:0 giithef rtoweo. Alter)' gatherei 
inrtft of ' all ; biil Yt^nuA, m a fit af 
je^oufv, tiimed her mtey n lii]tterflyf add 
thfvw t^e Ii4>wen into tliv wings. Sin^c 
t^Hl mil biili^niiefl hive tNonie wln|fi of 
muiT gmy enlr^uiv. — Spender, Mmufifiifwi 
or £4f Btdt^p/M Fate (1690). 

^^'tolat, Guildford, in Surrey, 

Atftorpho, the Engynh cousin of 
Of Umdo ; Ixi J rather w** Otho. He y/nA 
t (Treat biiwtert l»iii wm pcneitma, coar- 
teriiL4^ (jay, and sin }rul*Tly h]Mid?^>m«. 
Ait^i1pb'» vru rarried to Ak^i'nft'e iile on the 
bock O'f A trbtfte ; and when Akinit i!r<;'i]| 
of him. she i'hnn;,'ed htm into « myrtle 
tree, but Mtli^Ni <ii^ni;rhmited him, 
Aftnlfibn deArended into thie mfenui] 
rqifion* \ he alsto went to the nnjon, t<» 
eun: (Orlando of hin madness bj' brinpni^ 
bark bin^ Inat wit« in a [^hiaL—AnusUij 
t^.nw*i Akrv3L*p 0?^l'5>' 

AttfAUtff* ffttrn, Thii hftra wA.« the 
nfl or bufii^iMi^Ja, Whatever man or 
b«Mt b««iid it, worf neized with inBtAut 

ptmtCt ftnd beoima ha emsy eaptlTe.— 

Aiiosto, Orlando Fiiriom^ vili. 
AsiiA^ho^s Bijok, The stume fairy 

favy hitn a book, which would direct 
im a.ri^ht in all hia joumeyinj^, anid 
giT« him any other i^ifomiiil^oa he r«^ 
quired,— Arioftto, Oriandit /Wto^, viii> 

As'ton (Su-' Jticof>\ a cavidier during 
the Common wealth ; one of the putl&ana 
of the lite kiny.— ijir W. Scott, WofMi- 
alwj* (period. Commonwealth). 

As'ttm (Enrito), So Heufy Anhton 
fs cfiltcd in DoniJEetti'd operm of Lwcia <£ 
Lammermoor (1835). (See AmirroN^} 

As'torax, king of Pajihoi aad 
brother of the phnce»^ CaIia. — Beai,nioot 
and Fletcher, Tf*^ Mad litwr (bcfor* 

AB^toreth. the etdde^s-tnoati of 
Srrimn mytholocy; called by Jeiemiah, 
^* The Queen of Heaven/' and by the 
Phimiciani, ** Aatwr'ti." (S«« A^itTA- 

Wttli t^m Uh* A«i« 4r Jk««qpn»]i Ifi tnap 
Carav 4iir.rtth, whom eij« Plwsfiit^iui cnJkH 

ULlfain. Avu<fiw LDAr, L 4E1Q (IVK 

(Milton does not alwnys preserve the 
difference heiweeti A.^huVoth tmd Aftto* 
rieth ; for he sjieaks of the '* niii^oni'd 
Aihtamthf hcuvcu's queen and mother.") 

AB^tragOti, the philcrtM>pher and prcat 
phy&ician/by whom Gondibert and hih 
frientia were cured of the wounds re- 
ceivei] in the faction i^ght, stirred up by 

ftrlr>ce Oswdd. Astragon had a 6plendid 
ibm^y and muaeum. One room wm 
caik-d ^* Great Nature'^ Ofhce," iLnotlier 
" Nature's Nunsery," umi the library wa* 
CAlUd '^The Aloniiment of Viiniahini 
Mind." Aetra^on I the p<tet say a) di«*- 
covered the lundhUjne and ita use in 
ntt^niaition. He hud rmc diild, IkiiJiii, 
whr^ I'lvcd duke irnndibcrt, and to whom 
she v>h» promised in marhoi^e. The ttile 
h^lnff iiiifioi.*hird, tlie taer^Qe) iw not known. 
— Sir W. UaveniiDt^ G<tm£iberl (died 

ABtre'Q, Sirs. Alphrm Hehn, an 
authonhia* Jibe puljliahiHj the ator3' o' 
I'rince OriM.rHofui fdied It}^^). 

Aetr^e (? .tp/f.), a paiitora] riiimonee 
by Honttre IVI rf(^ Of^K*)* very eel*!- 
bmti'd for p^inji birth ia the pA^ 
■chooL wkicli hfiii for a tim^ an ovi-r- 
whelmiag power on Ijtcrwtun dreao, and 



ftlifi^riircd in PurttigvJ fuU tiJLtj jrc&fi 
jiT^fr-iou&ly iu the f»iLat4)»l «>UiADC« u| 
|ft4?nl«iii^Gr mli^ l/*a7vi (Ih&t) ; *iid 
Ijon^tM^ in Lhe A fib century , luul |jrt»- 

n*<r A'jT^j '>/ iMphnis md €hh«t but 
bi'Lh tht^^ juA^tcraS standi alntie, wfaiie 
tiiAt of D'Urfe ii the b^OOlAg of * 

iDlToducea on ulrin^i^r in Aits Welt t 

Qgrer in Aid Weii lU^d 
SnJs HV/f, actv, ac. I, (Fram thv Fnmt'h 

AB'tro-fiamman'te (6 jy/.), ^twcw 

■tar/'— Mtiiird, />«? Zivberjfm {17^}^ 

Aatroaom^r ( TArj, ia Ma^teiiU, nti 
ctld ciiilhit4msti, who believed h)ru»«^lf t^ 
li*re the coDtrni and Jihm tiim cif ilit 
wojith^r. He IfiiVM Jmbw his Ktiex'e«A*>rt 
btit iuiplons, him not to ioterftre with 
the conftLituted artier. 

tlw rap4&t.«<m 1*1 U^ WtoUiV. *t>A th« 4i»f jUiutiriu erf t],« 
mm/^v- . liip >>i,M ti«* UiiM^I W me 4M-4Al*i>, <ujd |tt.^Ml 

OJ^ tun r-«Tt4 tl«^r -mmJtwn, 9Mt4 tltm hint bmm vtar- 

doriiiir tli« 

Ae^wad. ^^ <^ Slitd*d kias rl Ad 
Oc wift flpvod »Uire vthtn Ihiie an^l of 
4mth ikstlroytd Shialsd anil mil lii* ^nh^ 
j«el«. lie^Mtsfr he ibowetl luivrcy ti? « c&nicJ 
iprbiim luul b«eD bimtwl I0 'm looib b» 
pyirvc t4» cl^Atli, IlKfti it tn%ht t*n-« Iti 
ittiMlfr oit Ule il»y «f ivmimetioB,— 
&viiibe}\ Ti»Ai&] tAtf DeMin^y^' (ITS?). 

oiJlfHl hy the CftmaMLrd* doHii^ tli« 

AtubalilML, the bit , 
I*«m, auMued ti>- I'tiArra, Clic B\ 
evtjee%L tlilton ti^c^ tu Mm ki 

^ /^li, si. im (lAdA) 

Alr'ala. *h** tiftm* of » ndtel l»f Fruti- 
r 1 :vahrt«ncl. 

i,^. ., . ' Aa ttttih ui ..; ,. , 

but - "^ i'pilli&jf In lovt' wicti 

Chiwn.. ■ ,,i^ tudisfit *hf |Tr,i»otii 

hvr*elf f'jT fr-iif thjft^ ibe iiiii.\ ' 1 

Ui h re a k hcf tuit h . Th f ij^j 1 1 1 - i 

with cjttraitinlinury (riitbuiiii.1^ i,, . , . 

(Thi* \\m niithm^ to do iritti jl^h^d, 
kinp of the Hulda^ nor viih Aihui*? {quvi^ 
of Jnrtoh)^ the subject of NA^me'ii gmd 

AtaliiJita, of AnmdiA, wiihed to 
reiiiiiin sin^k^ iind tberefMre gave out 



Rtr ftbode, '* fiLr imder ^otind hjird by 
tfacsatnof b«11/' la deiMMibed At kngtii 
in bk. iy. 1. When mr BUndftmoiir wtt 
challenged by Bra^i!;^occio (dLOt^ 4), 
the termi of tbe footest were thiii die 
oonqneror ilioutii have ^* Ivlonmel/* and 
the other ** th« old hns At^" wbo «ii4 
alwmyi to ride betide hiin till be tnuld 
ptM*her off to Aiiotlier,--Speniier, /bcry 
Owem, iy. (l&&a). 

Atell'an Fables ^Th^), in Utin 
Atdta'ma Fabulm, a fipeciee of fwte per- 
frrmed bj the BLnciieDt RcimaQe, And sa 
eftlled from At^lU, in CampaiuL They 
differ d from comedy b«aQie oo lUAgU- 
tntcL or peraoi'^ f rknk were introdu^ ; 
they dilrered t r , , , the to&cmarKCE fir 
ge»r$ dimma, \>*'*u<i\-^ domofftic Ufe wan 
not rppreeented ia tlitm ; ittid they differwi 
from the mimei>, bttause thens w fui neither 
iMffooDerv nor rihiiltlfT* They were oot 

K^rformed by professional a<JtorB, but by 
Oman citizen 4 of imnk ; were writteii 
in the Oscan ImnipiAge^ and were 'diA- 
tingoished for Ujcif refined hwmouf, 

llMjr wtf ■Dppufwf tn im tikr^lif ivti**4 from lt)« 
«4 of tU AUiui FKUflu-ltLt W. Scolk Tkt 

A'tha, a country in Connaug:ht, which 
for a time ha<] irflown chiefs and if»me- 
times URurped the Ihmnc of J re! and. 
Thou Cairbar {U<fd of Atha) u?iir|>cd the 
throne, but was dis^^ti-d by Finpil, who 
restored Conar kinir of Ulster. The wur 
of Fin^l wiUi CJiirb*T is ti^it s»ibjcet of 
the Ch«ianic jmem T^^n'oT'i, lo called 
from the paUce of tlmt naiuc wh^r^ 
Cairbar murdtred king CorTnac» The 
kinp of the I if-bolg were called " lord* 
of AthA." — Oift^n. 

Ath'alie (3 syl.), 4&^htet of Ahab 
and Jezabel, and wife of Joram kin^ of 
Judah. She rna^i'^i'Lred all tlie reninaml 
of the house of David ; bi;Et Jiw^b escii|red, 
and 8LX rears iiften^iudfi was proclaimed 
king. Athalit, attrauted by the shouU, 
went to the ttinjde, *iid wai kill^ by 
the mob. This fumiH the sabject and 
title of Racine 'a dH/^mirre (Iti&l)^ 
and wap Mdllc . Ruchd ■ ^reat part, 

(Racine's trii|:edy of Athaiiti queen of 
Judah. must not be confounded with 
Comeille'a tragedy of AUiliij king of the 

Atheist's Tragedy (77.0, by CvHl 
Toameur. The"athei»t' ii D'Amvilk, 
wl y murders his brother Mnotferrera for 
bis estates. — (^yentetinth century,) 

Ath'elstaue (3if/»}i atir^amed *^Tfa«i 

Unready,** thane of Conim^bnigh. — Su 
W. ScotL IvanAoe (time, Richard I.). 

*,* "Unready*' does not mean «mpr»- 
pared but injudicious (from Anglo-Saxon, 
rddf "wisdom, counsel**). 

Athe'na (Juno) once meant "the air,* 
but in Homer this goddess is the repra- 
sentative of civic prudence and military 
skill ; the armed protectress of state* 
and cities. 

Athe'nian Bee, PUto, so called 
from the honeyed sweetness of his com- 
position. It is said that a bee settled on 
nis lip while he was an infant asleep in 
his cradle, and indicated that " honeved 
words " would fall from his lips, and flow 
from his pen. Sophod^ is called " The 
Attic Bee." 

Athenodo'ruB, the Stoic, told Augus- 
tus the best way to restrain unruly an^ 
was to repeat the alphabet before givug 
way to it. 

Th« acred line h« did but on«« ripMU, 

And laid Um atorm, and cooled the nn^ng heat 

Tkkell. The Htm bo o k. 


German Athens^ Saxe-Weimar. 

Athens of Ireland, Helfast. 

Modem Athens^ Edinburgh, so called 
from its resemblance to the Acropolis, 
when viewed from the sea opposite. — 

3fuhamnu'diin Athens^ Bagdad in the 
time of Haroun-al-Roschid. 

Atlums of the New World, Boston, 
noted for its literature and literary in- 

Athens of the Norths Copenhagen, un- 
rivalled for its size in the ricliness of its 
literary and antique stores, the number 
of its societies} for the encouragement of 
arts, sciences, and general learning, to- 
gether with the many illustrious names 
on the roll of citizensihip. 

Athens of Switzcrlana^ Zurich, so called 
from the number of protestant refugees 
who resorted thither, and inundated 
Euro^>e with their works on controversial 
divinity. C »-• ' '»:» ' ._^_^-j 

at Zurich 

'overdale's Bible was ^>rinted 
in 1535 ; here Zumglius 
preached, and here I^vatcr lived. 

Athens of t/iv \Ve:>t. Cor'dova, in Spain, 
was so called in the middle ages. 

Athliot, the most wretched of all 

Her comfdrt Is (If fi>r her any be). 
Thnt none cau show niort* caucc of grief than the 
Will. bru«ue, BritannWt i'aUoraU, tL ft (ItflM. 

Ath'os. I^inoc'ratOs, a sculptor, pro- 
posed to Alexander to hew mount Athoa 



qnemr, wiUi i ctty in bti leH Wad^, mnd 
ft b««m in hi* right lu rpodvc ail »*ie 
wntxT9 which flowed fmm itut KHM^nijJft^ 
AJi'Ttatider |^<?*Uy «pjm>red wf lh« mg^- 
l^eslion, but objc'cted Let tlie lac&lijty* 

Athun'ree, io C<»n[ULiu)ik, when 
wail fogi^hl ibe tn^2t bKtWr t^fetwiMm 
)>?mi < rConrior oti the Rid^c^ tSw Iiiiilli 
ftttil William de Br^ur^o on tihtcMt of ^ 

*;t*rH<ih. Tb«" Irifth los^t lO.OOCJ mtn. and 
(he w bolt? trilMfc of ibe O'Connor* fdl ex- 
eept Fe'lmi'fl h^':(Un^^, who efteapftd ftiivt, 

At'imtia, FiM^T^cffi {}f ^titad ptnofttflcd 
in rv /'w;*^f /s/jrtJ U'-^'^lf t*r lliliii^ 
Fl'*t*:hc-r, ** A cAnek'-sB^ iiilti' swain * , * 
liijt Wiirk Io cat, drink, f-knj^i, misl pitnre 
bti> nitas." FulJy des<!ril>td in c^Anto vili, 
(4irMk^ athnoi, **cine dwhodouned/') 

A'ttn (Strife}, the iwjuife wf Pfr'- 
^hl^,— Sjifn&erj Kiirij Qin^n, ii. i^ 5^ fi 

Atlantje'iin Shoulders, ih^mldef* 
brf*ad And *trong:, like ihutie of AUas, 
which wipport liie world. 

At'ropOB^ oow ol the f «!«•. wlioia 
office is Ui cMi tiiB ihfcul of lift wttk a 
jMiijr of «d»4(ii^ 

Attl« Bee (7^), SojibWiiSft (n^ 
4»d-40«). I'kto u c&tkd '*l'hi Al]|*. 

Attic Boy (3ni*}i wf^rred tn l>f 
Mauin in hii It I^auerim, b Cc|.b'«lciii, 
who WM h«itf»v©tt t*y \urom vr M^^m, b«l 
WK* tiiftrrivd U» P^K-fb. lift wtti | ftiilao- ■ 
WUdy fpnd erf huijtintjr. ■ 

Till «#*fl-wl(»4 1lti<m «ppM^ ■ 

Atti0 Huse f7:W), Xwi'ofdhtB Ibi 

At'tleoB (7^ M^ft^iiih), Jmtfh Addb- 
•on (1672-171S). 

« Who tnl fiMirt Iwcb If mek m bbii tlHntat 
WTttO ViMlld UEfL Wiwp Jif AttiLtaii ■m<rrt twl 

7^ CAr^jrfrafi vlflicMi Rcgitvald Hfebtr, 
bifihnp of Cdcutta ( 1783-1 S-Jil). 

ptiDLer and Kiithi>r (l7fK)"17f4)„ 

At'tila, one <tf the b«gvdia of Piem 
Corueillc ^ ]C'G7>. Tkia kin^ of Uie Hini% 
uauaUv called *' The S^TtiiinTe of <^o(L* 




hoQii and Mck ptttlectioii wilb Mr. 

At^iota ^uftreyf d«ia^bt«r of Mr. 
Aobrtf, in lore with Francia Tyrrell the 
nt pbFw of Hr. M DrtitReT, Stie ]« in u b tMPd 
mnd persecuted by th« vulgar Ludnd* 
Bridgemoroii and movt wikntoBly-^ p«r- 
Mcu^ by lord AbberriUCf but tttber 
puKin^ throu|rb mati^ a mciRt |M.mfiiJ 
Ti«t*bonT *he is happily muniwl to th« 
uan of bef choice.— t'umbeTliuid, JAf 

Aa'bri'ia Hos^ showed & most tm-^ 
accountable hatred to Richard de Maeaire, 
stiartiii(^ anidl tiding at bim wheni^ver be 
ftppeured tii *i^bt, Kow Aubri had 
breo murdered by some oae in the forest 
d Bondyi aad this animosity pf the dog 
directed ^pidoa towards Hidiard de 
Ifaeaire* HicliJud was taken up, and 
coodemiMd (o t^n^lit cnmbat with the 
^'^t by wboni lie was k tiled. In his 
dyiog momoLU be confessed btoiselt to 
be tbe mordecer of Aubri, (See i>oo,) 

4^ nit bvirtep- Oti piJiQi oa fiLlI auTTilllMii fd 
m. Bita . . , a «t Mill JtriUnrlMir. oi. U «i nwo. 

Aacb'temaaoli'ty (/oAn), the Kio- 
frw csjTier-^Sir W, Scott, The Af^i 
(time, EUiabetb). 

Audlmm'bla, the cow cr&uted by 
S«rt to nonriib Vmin Sbt stipt>lkd hira 
with four Tivers of in ilk, and wan benelf 
Qouikbcd bj^ ticking dew from the rocks, 

Audlejr, /* */oAb Amffey hervf In 
Richafdaon^B tni veiling tbeatricn] booth 
itia questioii was luikcd ali-ud* to signify 
that the pcrforniai^ce wms U^ he broufrbt 
tn a clri«e as 9otm m pfi«»ible, as the 
plaffumi wa^i crowded with m-wnjomet^ 
wwtiDi,' to be admitted ( 17^(1- 183ti>, 

The same qoestion wbw asked by Sbuter 
fio IT.'VP], whoie travelliiig company pre- 
ceded Ricbardaon's, 

Au'drtey, • country weneb, whf> Jilted 
Will jam tui Tuucbatone* Hbc h an ex- 
cellenl apecinien of a wondering ahe- 
ciwkT. 5he thanks the ^ckIs that " jibe 
iid foLil,** and if t^ be pnetical is not to be 
\^**\wA, ibe thanks the gt>da nlso thfit 
" <lif is not poetical/'— SliftkisBpeare, At 
Kv« UJit It (lyjS), 

Tu dMypw*V qf ** AiMht.' ttft nf ■ ftv .tie Ibol. ilmiH 
It IliM Df Ulh tireirrlS uljiiimt 

Au'goan Staliies. Augi^as Wing of 

the EpjianSf in Elis, kept 8000 oxen f<n 
thirty yeJin ia uuJlft which were sever 
clean&fd» It WIS one of the twelve 
Lnbaara of Iter'cules to cleanse these 
fltAblcfl in one day. This he accomplished 
by totting two riVere into them. 

If LtM AdgMn BlablvU/ drrvmatie taipMrfty] mm nc« 
mrtVdiH'niJr d«iuip«d« rtw itrcun of pabQc oplnloo vm 
r;iLrit itirvcit^l Afi&ln«t I U eufiglouMnted imporlUtti.— 8b 
W. asoti* r** lfr<tma, 

AugtLdtan Ijondon [IVinobantina] 
was so called by tha RomaDB. 

w b*-!^ fu[l l[> t1«« Aqnuta'i ipirea tn wen, 
WJtib fluiruy Liiwii* >ud waring wuuds batwtNl 

Wbir* Ttuuuoi mttuidiifinf rolb his ample tide. 

FaIsuht. rJte £MpwrM*. L S (17SQ 

Hi^/Vif't^f mother of Gustavos Yasa. 
Sbi? m a priaontT of Christian II. king of 
Denmark, but the king promises to set 
bf^r (fi^ if Hbe will induce her son to 
iiibmisBion, Aiiguata refuses, but in the 
war which follows^ Gustavus defeats 
Chrifltian, and becomes king of Sweden. 
— H. Brmikc, Gmkttm Vasa (1730). 

Afifptsta, a title conferred by the 
Roman emperom oq their wives, eiisters, 
daugbter»i mothers > and even concubines. 
It had to be conferred ; for even the wife 
nf an Augf^^tus^ vrt^ not an Augusta until 
after b«r coronatioo. 

K KsiPRKssna. Li via and Julia were 
both A*i^tii^t(i ; Ko were Julia (wife of 
Tibcnusj, Mf^Bi^alina, Agrippina, Octavia, 
Foppu-A, SlJ^Lilia, Sabina, Domitilla, 
Domitia, anrl Faust fna. In imperials the 
wife i>f an pmpcnir is spoken of as 
Aitiustti: SLTtrikipiSitmi Atkjusta wnjux 
nokrfi ; ZJiriiw* A*i^fH.^ta, etc. But the 
title had to be conferred ; hence we read, 
"iHjoiiiinn uxorem suam Aiufustam 
juj)t5it nnncupan \ '* and " Flavia Titiar.a, 
ejidem die, ux^r tjiis [i.e. Pertinax] 
AHitistti e?t api-ellata/' 

2- MoTIIKKf^ nr (ilWNDMOTHRRS. An- 

tonis, grandm^JlJier of Caligula, was 
eripatJ?d ^Tt/M-v^j, Claudius made his 
nmihiir Antimiu AwjHi^ta after her death. 
Htlioi^ab'alita ba^l coins inscribed with 
^* JuliiL ^lit'sji vlit/«s£a," in honour of his 
gmntimntbcr ; Mammsa, mother of Alex- 
ander Sievt>ruj3, ia i^tyled Awjusta on 
coiii}< \ and so ia UelCna, mother of 

B. 8]»Tt.Ka. ITonorius speaks of his 
jjifiter aji '* vuneriibilii Awjusta germana 
nOBtra," Trn^mi hap I'oins inscribed with 
** Diva Mnrciana AtttvMa.'' 

A, \}AvuiiTF.K^. Mallia Scantilla the 
wire, and DiJtJi t^ie daughter of Didius 
JulianuB, were U^th Ari-ituita. Titus in- 
scribed on coLqa his daughter as *' JuliA 


AU8T8U5 UF. 

SftbinA Aid^put^ ;^ ihexe ore ^oiiu of tibe 
Eiii|wri-r Decim mJchlMfdi witJi '* Hc:f«Qiu& 
EEni^ilLi jtu-Fu.^iu," Mid '* S«liii«lift Jit- 
gint^^ »is1*r» of the emperor DfCMU, 

it calli^d J«i./u«^i rm €oiwi ; OofHlailltlM 

AU£iis't&n Ag6, the goMfS IMC* of 
■ people « iitcmtiirv^ ii» oiUad Waui*^ 
whilt AuiT^lu* wmj emperof* Rftrnf wju 
Dfltpd foT ite lit«fmfv t;iiLnti. 

r^W Ju^uje^Ji J/r of El^kad^ 111* 
Kli/^LbctWi fieriml. tikat di AniW kK 

2V J^i/iijffm .4'k" of Frooitfv, (httt of 

tCipQlh oeoturr* 

T\i A^/n^t^n A^/e of F^rbtga^^ the 
mi^ fpf don Alfibofsfto lt«iiril|ti«. la 
thi4 reign Bnuii wu oeeitpl«d ; tht 
A/ricain c/ittrt e.t pl<^r*Hl ; the iM-tniilP to 
TndJA waA bsvened ; uid Oudmhi 

Augtistt'na, the Ma id cif Sai^oxa. 
She w*s only :.*'2 whtn, ber luver b^trng 
tihot, tb.1t mimtited Uie bfttten' ii] hit 
pLa»^. Tiie Ftvadi, After « «Le»:e of two 
matitJis. verc: I'lljgi-Nd to n<t;re»t, Auguat 
15. imm. 

!iu« tij Quigle w»d» all the rnchi dl«i|»- 
pea^i hut wheti i>origmi wvni, «t b«t 

AiantUui, iMUig mm md §h» ws», iiui4c 
mmw*tf h$ inafilii CBthatf di* Ihaii in'^vr^ 

m tftt* ft Wffv BSd TW>i1t « tfTOlU«fVftA.» 

ChftfiMvT. Omifrtimy T^skw ('^ Tli« f mfc* 

iifl t Tftie/' lJ«g)^ 

tmi all J tto Mua« ■» toe 

AuMim^ eld^/ breithif of ITtkff lh« 
pecdni^oiL, ui4 track ol AilJiiif , hot l«i 
di«d Uif 1*1* th« hare w b^nt. 

Auro'r&'s Te&rs^ the iwintific de*. 
Hi#9« teAtn Kv ihed for ihs deaAh f«f h«r 
»«^ Memiimi, vbo vu tlftin by AdillU* 

At the lie^c af Trc»j. 

Auso'tiia, It*h% «o tilled &om Am* 
■on, A\}n of LlysscA, 

. (mMUtit RfwllL,— 

Austm, the Auiimed oAnie uf t]i« 





AntoVrooB, the craftiest of thierw. 
Be ftole the flocks of his neighbours, and 
changed their marks. Sis'yphos out- 
vitu^ him bj marking his sheep onder 
their feet. 

Aatol'ycua, a pedlar and witty 
rogue, in The Wmiet^s Tale^ by Shake- 
speare (1604). 

Av'alon or Avallon, Glastonbary, 
eenerally called the *'isle of Avalon.** 
Ilie abode of king Arthar, Oberon, 
Morgaine U F^ the Tees generally, and 
sometimes called the "island of the 
blesL** It is yery fully described in the 
French romance of Ogier (e IkmoU, 
Tennyson calls it Avil'ion (7.0.). Ehay- 
ton, in his Polyalhkm, styles it " the ancient 
isle of ATilon,** and the Romans " insula 

ipbes flu 

« tte»lte« fiMflas Ida ! vhara b flat 
S> «ftb tbjTHir eomparBd for glofy ud 
VkiM GkHteatacT Moodt 

M. Dv^jtoa. Pwlw^mmt, UL (IfUti 

Avan'turine or Aven'torine (4 
ty/.)> » variety of rock-cr>'8tal having 
a spangled appearance, caused bv scales of 
mica or crystals of copper. Yhe name 
is borrowed from that of the artiticial 
plii-^pan^lcd glass obtained in the first 
uutance par atcntwre ('* by accident "). 

. . . and tb« hair 
▲D over ^aneed with dew-drop or with gem. 
L^ ■parttos In the atoDc araiitiniiMi 

Tannjrwm. O^rUk and IpnttH^ 

Avare ( L*), The plot of this comedy 
u ms follows : Harpagon the miser and 
his 8on Clean te (2 syl.) both want to 
marty Mariane (3 syl.)^ daughter of An- 
Mime, alias don Thomas d'Alburci, of 
Naples. Cl^ante gets possession of a 
casket of gold belonging to the miser, 
and hidden in the garden. When Har- 
pa^n ducovers his loss he raves like a 
mad man, and CI<^ante gives him tlie chnico 
of Manane or the casket. The miser 
ehno«es the casket, and leaves the young 
Lwiy to his son. The second plot is 
cnnnet'ted with Klise (2 syl.), the miser's 
dau;;hter, promised in marriage by the 
father to nis friend Ansel me (2 sy/.) ; 
but Elise i* heri»elf in love with Valfere, 
who, however, turns out to be the son of 
Ansel Die. As soon as Ansel me discovers 
that Valore is his son, who he thought 
had been Ic^t at sea, he resigns to him 
£li^ and so in both instances the voung 
folks marrv together, and the old ones 
nrc up their unnatural rivalry. — Moli^re, 
LAfnre (lOai). j 

Ava'tar, the descent of Brahma to 
Bkis earth. It is said in Hindft mytho- . 

logy that Brahma has already descended 
nine times in various forms, bnt is yet to 
appear a tenth, in the figure of a warrior 
upon a white horse, to cut off idl incor- 
rigible offenders. 

NiiM ttmaa bare Brahma'i whMb of Uchtalng tarltd 

lib awftil pnaenoe o'er the alarmSd world ; 

Nina tlnua hath Guilt, throucb all hb giani 

CooTubiTe tranbiad. a* the Mighty came ; 

Nine timea hath aufferlog Marcy spared In vain.— 

Bat haaven ahall bunt her ttarry gates again. 

He oomes I dread Brahma •hakes the sunleaa aky . . . 

Heamn'a Serj hone, beneath hb warrior-form. 

PawB the light doadN. and gallopa on the »torm. 

" * ". PUatun$ nf Boy, L (1789). 

Ave'nel (2 «yn, Jvdian Avenel^ the 
usurper of Avenel Castle. 

Lady Alice Avenel. widow of sir 

Mar ifm Avenel^ daughter of lady Alice. 
She marries Halbert Glendinning.-— Sir 
W. Scott, The Monastery (date 1559). 

Avenel (Sir Halbert Qlendinning^ ^^**Si^ 
of)y same as the bridegroom in The 

Tlie lady Marv of Avenel^ same as The 
bride in The Monastery. — Sir W. Scott, 
The Abbot (time. Elizabeth). 

The White Lady of A tenet y a spirit 
mysteriously connected with the Avenel 
family, as the Irish banshee is with true 
Mile'sian families. She announces good 
or ill fortune, and manifests a general 
interest in the family to which she is 
attached, but to others' she acts with con- 
siderable caprice; thus she shows un- 
mitigated malignity to the sacristan and 
the robber. Any truly virtuous mortal 
has commanding' power over her. 

Nuon (^eiuus on the lake. 

Noon kIows on the fall ; 
Awake thee, awake. 

Wbitv maid of Arend ! 
Sir W. Scott. The Moruuterg (time. Eliabeth). 

Aven'ger of Blood, the man who 

had the uirthright, according to the 
Jewish polity, of taking vengeance on 
him who had killed one of his relatives. 

. . . the Cliristleaa code. 
That must have life for a blow. 

Teun)rso4i. Maud, 11. L L 

Av'icen or Ahcu-Um-Sina^ an Arabian 
physician and philosopher, bom at 
Shiroz, in Persia (980-1037). He com- 
posed a treatise on logic, and another on 
niotapby£»c8. Avicen is called both the 
llippo'cratcs and the Aristotle of the 

Of ph))iicke »prake for me. king Ari«n . . . 
Yet was lib Klory never xt un 4helf«. 
Hot uever shall, vliyle.- any w\*rlde may «f«nde 
Whrre raon have iiilii<l'.- U* take good bookes In handa 
G. GaacoLgne. The Fruif h/ H'arre. IviL (died ISTT). 

Avil'ion {'^the apple island")^ near 
the terrestrial paradise. (See Avalok.) 


Whm* lUlB M?C hull or nlu, air mbj wmi^ 
MuF »nr iniid itinrft Um»ik$ , b^L H !)«■ 

Affmef C Wlri.), a ufi^bl^OMi^ of iir 
lloary Lw.— Sir W. Scott, W»9fi»tvt;k 
(lime, CtiTiimtuivreJtlthj. 

Ay'iELer (Prwr), % joviil IkiMfdictine 

!»coU| /cxinA'^ (time, Ki^hmr^X). 

Ay'mon^ dake of DordOm (ifer- 
thfTu). He hat! fi-ur #00% KiiwIdOi 
UiilcciflMn, AUnio, juid ]liecfidjdelt« 
(i.ft Ucnaud, iiuj4<<Ard^ AUPd, ami 

ji'Ct uf * Frendi romnncc, oltttitiKl Let 
Q^tlntJiU Jly^ii/4^ Uv H. do Ailen^uv* 

Az'&mat^Bat'uk* p'^tuclonyai of M,^ 
TbieblitaJ^ war cf^fTe'^iKt&deiil of Ihe 

Aza'ael, one of the pfiiiD c>f jinn, ftU crf 
whum were miide of '^' !»tTirikdeAss fifti," 
th*t iSt ttiL^ Or«^ of tiie Hjam^jf-in, Tl^ii^i« 
Jinn itihabited the etrth befivr© man wm 
crcatifvij but on neeount of tlkvn [x5M^i»ient 
di*.wlicd«rue« were diiveo fruni it by iia 
iirri^y of «n^el«. When Adam waa 



lurHliifV, JUitl 

twolfUi <"<•<- 1, i-i i- ,c Hms* 

men, And > Jdetjob 

AA'tlon, K^e ImpcnAi city of li»« 
A/(9SAi oil ft *^>'urtr^f» bfm$»eh vf tha 
Mi>*ijitrL IU« ijf Hn*nirn i A 

U»e A/ti'^'*'. i] ' "d Uie f &te i>f ■ 

war- \\ • »v%j Jiif ^>olimv I* 

S^ftii A' "'^k 0»r \mn ui ilti 

lltsinri'-'n, < I, , .-I, ^iieHo^g lh9 AitOTI, 
re^t-.p .£ I'.r, ,.:-:;. anil di tJie ierriliirqf 
tiefljLir.ii!k- i.J!»^-M' rn tile ijuwoi KnJl'l'ftll, 
jtod the Az^tecftft mi^rmted to MeiiiN^. Tb* 
City xi^tln-n U (k-Ti<-ribiNi aa "full of 
paliKctA, ^artlen*, i^ruve*, and hnaiffis"* lui 
Liie t^dftli ceoturv). — Snuthe^, Miias 

AzuOQ*n% a ffipsy. Mand'co u tap- 
]Mi^C4\ ta )>!• h>L-r »inj, but in in nalily ina 
#»fU of <j;ir/m iHrrotllM'T nf itjc voilt<« i|i 



I CutbSigiDui) propel- ounet^ ta Dkaxii* 

, Bulboo of Ireland, fCiluudloek 
in UniaMh:, aoted for its minft. 

K» lalkd, irhjo Aaaumea li^ iu» witli Uie 
Bain* and uidnM of lier raistim. Mcr 
ftUow^nraiila aad other terrmntt addteni 
hcTM-bdj Bab," or^'Tour ladyilup." 

Slie ii a Hue weacbt ''^bnt by ao ci^yu 

SitieiilM io keeping her t^l2» clian»" 
« «ay t itiA »€v«r r«Ml» but one ** book^ 
vhjeh U Sbikipar/' Aod she calla 
Luvel aiMi Ftocmaiif two genilemeu of 
fortu£ie, "doWBfijjht bottcopou,"— Rev, 
J, TQwoley, Ht^A Life Bciow Stairt (1763). 

B&l}^ dklef of the eimucha in the 
CfKtft of the tullaiift Giilbey'Az,— Byrcra, 
1)9* Jh&i^ w, 28, etc (LS-JU). 

eb&« {Ah% who «l»tM the itoiy ^f the 
" ?mij Thieves" is Oie ArtMm Kiijht^ 
EiUertiimt^nti, lie disdreird the 
thieves' t-iive while bid log in a tree, And 
hanl the mapc word " Se*^anit>," ni 
wkich the di>ar of the isve opened and 

Custm i?(*H bmtbet of All Uuba, who 
ratend the cAve uf Lhc forty thieves, but 
fuT^^ tiie paiJi«-Wf>iti^ and itm>d cn^mg 
''0|iMi Wheat !** ** Of*o Barky ! '* to the 
dcMir^ whiicb obeyed no B«und but '* Open 

B&bn MU9'taph&» * eobbkr who 
Mwrd t^f^ether tlie four pieces into which 
CA»5iin*i body had been cleft by the fctrty 
ttiieve«. When the thieve* divcoviirra 
that tlie b^wdy had been t^ken away^ they 
MAt one fit the bAtiil into the (ih}\ to 
a»Lf rtain Trho had died of bite. The wiah 
hai'fiened to enter the cobbler'i staJl,, and 
faJlin^ inti^j A fc<^Mtp h€9rd ajkout the bctdy 
wliich the eobbkr bad »ewed tu^tber, 
Mo^upha pointed out Ut him the housw 
of Ca»«iFo llftbii'ii widow ^ and the thii'f 
marked it with a pietfe of white chAlk, 
Kext dmy the cobbler pointed out the 
k:»ivi« to another, whf* marked it with 
red chalk. Ajid the day following he 
pniat«t| it oat to the c&ptAin of the bandi 
who ii^sii^Bd of markiii^ the diHir studied 
the h'lu^e till be felt sure of reeogm^ing 
It-^r^sWn NyjhU (** AU B*b* or The 
Ftfftj^ Tbierea"). 

B&bai1>ftlouk, chief of the black 
■ui Ju| wboae dat>' it wm to wait on the 

saltan, to goard the soltanas, and tt 
superintend the harem. — Uabesci, Stattaf 
the Ottoman Empire^ 155-6. 

Ba'bel("cicm/i«»n"). There is a town 
in Abyssinia called liabeshj the Arabic 
word for " confusion." This town is so 
called from the great diversity of racea 
by which it is inhabited : Christiana, 
Jews, and Mohammedans, Ethiopians, 
Arabians, Falashas (exUes), Gallas, and 
Negroes, ail consort together there. 

Babes in the Wood, insurrec- 
tionaiy' hordes that infested the mountains 
of Wicklow, and the woods of Ennis- 
carthy towards the close of the eighteenth 
century. (See Childurh ih thk Wood.) 

Babie, old Alice Gray's servant-girl. 
— Sir W. Scott, Bride of Lammennoor 
(time, WiUiam III.). 

Babie'ea (3 s^/.), the Cid*s horse. 

I kumt to pri« fikbtea bum hb bMd unto his booC 
rw Cid (1128). 

Baboon (Phiiip), Philippe Bourbon, 
due d'Anjnu. 

Levels Baboon^ Louis XIV., "a false 
loon of a grandfather to Philip, and one 
that might justly be called a Jack-of- 

BdmeUntM jrou wotild ter th*.* Lrwia Baboon behind hit 
wuntrr. wIIiiiK brond-rlutli. ■•ometlnies meaiuiing Unen ; 
next day he wiMiId l*e dealing In mercery- ware ; biffl} 
h«ida, ribttoni. (tlnvet. fan*, and lare. he undentood to* 
aicety . . . nay. he would dewwnd to the lellloK of tapct; 
i^uten. and slioebudilirt. When (hop waa iliut up Im 
would ic<> aUMit the neuhbourhood, .lud earn half-a-crown, 
by teachinc the y<>ung men and maidens to dance. I;y 
theiw means he had acquired immense riches, which he 
awd to «|UAnder away at back-&word [<n ttar\, qiuuler- 
tta/r, iui<l cudxel-play. In whlcli he cook great pleaMire. — 
Dr. ArbuUm<rt. Uutory <^f John Rut). 11. (171-'). 

Bab'ylon. Cairo in Eg>pt was so 
called by the crusaders. Rome was so 
called by the ptiritans ; and Ivoncdm was, 
and still is so called by some, on account 
of its wealth, luxiirv, and dij*si|)ation. — 
The reference is to /icv. xvii. and xviii. 

Babylonian WaU. The foundress 
of this wall (two hundred cubits high, 
and fifty thick), was Semirftniis, mythic 
foundress of the Assyrian empire. She 
was the daughter of the fush-goddesa 
Det'oeto of Asc&lon, and a Syrian youth. 

Our statues . . . she 

The fuuiidresa of the wall. 

Tenn><un. rh« I'rintns. II. 

Bacchan'tes (3 syl.)^ priestesses of 

Round about blm f&scr^u^] fair R.-\cchant^ 
Beorlnc crrnbait, flutr^. and thjT-ea. 

Wi!d fnini Kauitan xrovci.. or Z.'ii>t«'s 
VineyanU. ung delifiotig venteK. 

LongfelluW, Drinian^ fion0. 

Bacchus, in the Lusiad^ an e^ic 



poem hy C»mcwni (l*i!'*)t ia thf perscuji- 
fit^tioD'of Oie evil |nin,nple whicli acfeK in 
opp^ifrition to JupJLor, the J old nf Dwttny. 
IJara b iJi*i* by the poet tlie fCUiiitiiMn 
fxiwflr nf CliriitUoitir, And Sc«c&ik» cl 
Mf ih Jimuedftnism . 

BaoharoclL, ■ ret] wfnc, im» ^Ii4 
fT-ira A briwn of tlic sjtme immv iH thf 
T^w^r r*Ut£nate. P*>r* Piiii If* oMd t© 
imfrt^ji a tun of it to Rome yearly, icd 
Kur«mbeir;if obtained lU fpeedom ftt the 
j'triee erf ffmr caiks nf it »-yraf* The 
vnnd BiiTbHtndi tunLtjj " Ui« AtUr of 
Baechufl" (iSf-jtvAi tir-iK the *iUr rrfcrrw:! 
tn beiaj5 K tT»ck iii Iht^ l:>ed of the nvcr, 
whiph indicAted tn ihc riQe^-frowtw wh*t 
idrt f»f ye*r tJriev miii^hl cupNH, tf Uuf 
hpad cffthc rot! it ftpf>CAred mbtfvt w*litr 
th« seiMin friw » dri' one', »nd a fine 
rintJi^ mi^jht be locked fm ; if d^ it 
-mm a "trci kdmo, ftod bad finr tlw jicrapea. 

Tit* b«kat)fid tiP«ti rl«l iItu m wId% 

Backbite (^fV i^m/Vtmm), nt-phew of 

CrablTt^, Tfliy rofEciittfil, (iind ren.^ cen- 
■orioQj. II 15 fn<fnclfi^ called him ft great 
fufpt and wit, hut he never puhUthed nJiy- 
thin^^ bteause ^""twaa ven* %'ulpir to 
print;*" tiC9i»les, as he Miid, lliu littJt prr»- 
dartkmp cineuUfed more *' hv jriviiiff 

titifiner at (lifl^rui^ iiisder irhnm Kic^aid 
CarsUitie )>nfw<7r!B hit ftudiM, Mr. Badftf 
in » crt*p-li«k*n#^ gvnUeiiMUi^ »"iQ* '*Mir- 
rriwd eya j '* ^^ry |iroud of bcitir Mn^ 
lUdi^cf*i< '* tjiirrl/* ami atw^rv vm^vna jf 
to her fnriiiftr |wt> bnBl»i4d«(| mfitalii 
SwiiMu»r and prdMPor £l|9g)0w-*4^ 
Dirkimi, iflf^ ifmjv tlim^ 

^atiy titcktiamcs cif KMpo!c<iji III. It 
wii« the bame df tli« mnAMO In wltuHv 
«;1nth^t he &»emi>ed frcitii tli4 f^rtraw ai 


Ba'don^ Bath. Thv N»^1fUl fi««t il«i 
torv tff Arthur over tfa« Saxoaa wm it 
Bad«n Illil (BatiDefdowii)* 

BadDu'ra, dftiiffhrftr nf Gslmir ft 

jyt) kini^ of China, ths *' moBt t«atitifiii 
woman e^er seen upcta earth.'* The em- 
peror Gaioar wished her to many, hut 
^he expressed an avefsic^o to weillcick. 
Hfiw^Trer, on« nicht hy fairv influeticie ^he 
W4« ^hfflwn princ e Camaral''itJLmjLD a»{^?cp^ 
fell iu tove with him, aDd exchaoj^'<.'d 
iiii^». K€3(t day the inquired for the 


boqiitafify to the falM Fatima. Aladdin 
killed both these magicians. — Arabian 
Ifighta ("Aladdin or The Wonderful 

Bastioa or Bsotio Vale, Granada 
and Andalusia, or Spain in general. So 
called from the rirer Bstis or Guadal- 

Whfl* ^flr tiM ■■de «■!• 
Or ttn^ tto tDvwi of MmpUa [JQnvXJ. or ttM pdms 
l^aKVBd CkncM wttni. I ooo$mX 

Bagdad. A hermit told the caliph 
Almanzor that one Modas was destined 
to foand a citv on the spot where he was 
•taoding. *'I am that man,** said the 
caliph, and he then informed the hermit 
how in his boyhood he once stole a 
bracelet, and his narse ever after called 
him ** Moclas,'* the name of a well-known 
thief.— llaiignj. 

Bagahot, one of a gans of thieves 
who conspire to break into uie house of 
lady Bountiful. — Farqohar, The Bm'us' 
Stro^agtm (1705). 

Bagstock {Major Joe)t an apo- 
plectic retired military officer, living in 
Princess's Place, opposite to Miss Tox. 
The major had a covert kindness for Miss 
Tox, and was jealous of Mr. Dombey. 
He speaks of himself as " Old Joe Bag- 
ttock," "Old Joey,*' "Old J.," "Old 
Josh," " Rough and tough Old Jo," " J. 
B.," " Old J. B.," and so on. He is also 
fnven to over-eating, and to abusing his 
poor native servant. — C. Dickens, Dombey 
and 8om (1846). 

Bah'adar, master of the horse to 
the king of the Magi. Prince Am'giad 
was enticed by a collet ^ enter the 
minister's house, and when Bahadar re- 
tamed, he was not a little surprised at the 
light of his uninvited guest. The prince, 
however, explained to him in private how 
the matter stood, and Bahadar, entering 
into the fun of the thing, assumed for the 
nonce the place of a slave. The collet 
would have murdered him, but Amgiad, 
to save the minister, cut off her head. 
Bahadar, being arrested for murder, was 
:ondemned to death, but Amgiad came 
forward and told the whole truth, where- 
upon Bahadar was instantly released^ and 
Am^ad created vizier. — Arabian Aiyhts 
(*' Amgiad and Assad "). 

Bahman (Prince), eldest son of the 
iuhan KhroHOQ-echan of Persia, In 


infancy he was taken from the palace hy 
the sultana's sisters, and set adrift on'a 
canal, but being rf:scued by the superin- 
tendent of the sultan's gardens, he was 
brought up, and afterwards restored to 
the sultan. It was the "talking bird'* 
that told the sultan the tale of the young 
prince's abduction. 

Prince Bahman 8 Knife. When prince 
Bahmac started on his exploits, he gave 
to his sistet Paraz&d§ (4 syt.) a knife, 
Buying* ** As long as you find this knife 
clean and bright, you may feel assured 
that I am alive and well ; but if a drop 
of blood falls from it, you may know Uiat 
I am no longer alive." — Arabian Xightt 
(" The Two Sisters," the last tale). 

Bailey, a sharp lad in the service 1 1 
Todger's boarding-house. His ambition 
was to appear quite a full-grown man. 
On leaving Mrs. Todger's, he became the 
servant of Montague Tigg, manager of 
the " Anglo-Bengalee Company." — C 
Dickens, Martin Chuzzlemt (1844). 

Bailio (General) f a parliamentary 
leader. — Sir W. Scott, Legend of Moni^ 
rose (time, Charles I.). 

Bailie (Giles) y a gipsy; father of Ga- 
brael Faa (neplicw to Meg Merrilies). — 
Sir VV. Scott, Guy Mannering (time, 
George II.). 

Bailiflrs Daughter of Isling- 
ton (in Norfolk). A sfjuire's son loved 
the bailifT's daughter, but she gave him 
no cncourigement, and his friends sent 
him to London "an apprentice for to 
binde." After the lapse of seven years, 
the bailitrs daughter, "in ragged attire,** 
set out to walk to linden, " her true love 
to inquire." The young man on horse- 
bock met her, but knew her not. " One 
penny, one penny, kind sir ! " she said. 
" Where were you bom V " asked the 
young man. " At Islington," she replied. 
" Then prithee, sweetheart, do you know 
the bailiff's daughter there ? " " She's 
dead, sir, long a^o." Or, hearing this the 
young man declared he'd live an exile in 
some foreign Innd. " Stay, oh stay, 
thou goodly youth," the maiden cried, 
" she is n-»t really dead, for I am she." 
" Then farewell ^ri^^f and welcome joy, 
for 1 have found my true love, whom ( 
feared I shouM never see again." — Percy, 
Jiclics of EwjUsh Poetry y ii. 8. 

Baillif (Ilcrry), mine host in the 
Canterbury Tales, by Chaucer (1388), 
When the poet begins the second fit 3I 

tb« ** mm» of Sii Tfaofna,^ niiM b^fi 
«xeljilB)e : 

?tm tliov nt^Mmt mm w vwff . . . t^ial 

Ballsou {Ann*iipfi'), tli« fi«fi» «! 
Effitf Iii>Hna in b*^ epniinemeot.'— Sir W« 

Baiaer-Lamourette {iiwi luMnttr- 


Mtr<94 llvLi A>Lt» N4X1HKII 'V t. .<>' ..V fm Mi 
;»t.n ; ct 4lto tut i»<l*i^4<it nilkn lu. »« k unq* ^ .jfl 

BoJ'ciaet, ffUfti*tTicd "The Thnndef- 

bolt " {ildcrim), Biiitan fit IVkcy, 
After tijbju^iin^ I!ul^i5in#, Maw^nitiA, 
Ttip*8aly, «>tl Asirt Minor, b^ Uid «iit'^e 
to Constant! npple, but wn* Uken mptive 
by Tamprljitie einjwror i>f Tartu n'. He 
mM fierce m a wU, mrkk^a, &nd b- 
doif^iUiLili^. liciutji; ik!<i)tetl by TAiiKTUne 
how he \¥otiIii b*vt trtaU'd h'mz hud Uidr 
t*Nt« been re versed* '■ Like a do^*" he 
eriM, ** I w«viild tnve miwli; yf*« my 
foiKtiitirol wbrrt I inoimt^^J my* Muldi^i 
fend wJirn yrmr nvn ices wtrt- Rot ncHcd 

hilCdloi}, iii»c of Uini 

VcfSflilJea, claoiouria;,' for br!!*d. 

the (SAf! of HmiK 

the duke of MLmimmUi. 

tlW ««iJ M4*l# lUJtaHifl 

B^f'itiiim, * "citijttn ftl unb^r f*mn," 
wtim Ihcd ni-wr Uiv ciinratimvnt uf l4i»&d!0ib 

Atvil fni^Al ; " but when bf tevnw ridk 

eburdi. bccmuic n courUir, ♦' UK>k a btthm 
tiotn rfWDbce,'' ftud vvfiui humg fur InMSMW 

Balaam imd JoeephAt, • mUgkaa 

sovd by «ltihAnn£» l>iuiiit*amu#, um of 
Alm&ntm, (Fr»T plui, m» ^hmArttAT,} 

Bals<sk,Dr. f ; s«tl0- 

bt*ryt *ho wriitt u ^irmefi 

0*tn Tim- 1 and L.^:,., .^ .- ..,/ijr*w- 
l^m. — ^Dryden uid T«|e, ^aia/u»A cwj 
Achtt*jphd, iL 

BalaclaVa, » cflrmption of bdla 
chuir* { *• bcAiitif til port " ), m cil!c4 bj 
the (irnoc^e, who mthtd the fortrcMj tome 
fort I o tifl o f whk-b still exist, (See Dia ro s.) 

BataJH {I^), ^i^ Ludaric LeaJy, in 
old iifchi^rcif tht Scf^UiAh liUard al Fl€«ili 




foog BCB.— ^. Faiqahar, Tk$ BecruUmg 
Ofiotr (1704). 

Balaad of Spain, A man of gigantic 
•trengtfa, who called himitlf ** Fiaiabras.*' 
— Mtdionoi Rfifnftnpt, 

BalohriB'tie (JenMjf), houiekeeper to 
the laifd of Dnmluedikes.— Sir W. Scott, 
Hsart of MkUotkkm, (time, George II.). 

Balchltllay a town belongincr to the 
Britona on the rirer Clyde. It fell into 
the haada of Gomhal (Fingal's father), 
aad waa burnt to the groond. 

Boa're (4 jy/.)> chief of the 
' of St. Jacopo di Compoetella. 
-Doniactti's opera. La Favorite (1842). 

Bal'dar, tiie god of light, peace, and 
dar, waa the yoong and beaotifiil ion of 
Odin and Frigga. Uia palace, Briedab- 
lik (** wide-alumng*'), stood in the Milky 
Way. He waa sl^n by HOder, the blind 
old god of darkness and night, bat was 
restored to life at the general request of 
the gods. — Scandinavian Mythology, 

ftJter tlM bHMttfU 
God of tta« MimnMr am. 

Loogfirilow. rv<i<«r'a Dmt\, 

(Sydney Dobell has a poem entitled 
Balder, publiahed in 1864.) 

Bal'derston {CaUh), the fayonrite 
old butler of the master of Ravens wood, 
•t Wolfs Crag Tower. Bein^r told to 

rride sapper for the laird of Bucklaw, 
pretencied that there were fat capon 
•ad good store in plenty, but all he could 
produee waa **tne hinder end of a 
mutton ham that had been three times 
on the table already, and the heel of a 
ewe-milk kebbuck [cAswel " (ch. vii.).— 
Sir W. Scott, Briiie of Lammermoor 
(time, William III.). 

Baldricky an ancestor of the lady 
Ereline Bercnger **the betrothed." He 
VM murdered, and lady Eveline assured 
Rose Flammock thai she had seen his 
lost frowning at her. — Sir W. Scott, 
*v Betrothed (time, Henry 11.). 

Bal'drinshani {The lady Ermen- 
qvde of), great-«unt of lady Eveline 
Berenger ^'the betrothed."--Sir W. 
Seott, The Betrothed (time, Henry II.). 

Baldwin, the youn^t and comeliest 
of < 'harlemagne's paladms, nephevr of sir 


Baldwin, the restless and ambitiooi 
duke of Boloigna, leader of 1200 horse 
in the allied Chnstian army. He waa 
Godfrey's brother, and very like him, but 
not so talL— Tasso, Jenuatem Delivered 
(1676). • 

*^* He is introduced by sir Walter 
Scott in Count Robert of Paris. 

Baldwin, So the Ass is called in the 
beast-epic entitled Reynard the Fox (the 
word means ** bold frieoil *'). In pt. iii. lu^ 
U caUed " Dr. " Baldwin (1498). 

BakTwin, tutor of Rollo (**the bloody 
brother '*) and Otto, dukes of Normandy, 
and sons of Sophia. Baldwin was put to 
death by Rollo, because Hamond slew 
Gisbert the chancellor with an axe and 
not with a sword. Rollo said that 
Baldwin deserved death **for teaching 
Hamond no better." — Beaumont and 
Fletcher, The Bloody Brother (1689). 

Baldufin (Count), a fatal example of 
paternal self-will. He doted on his elder 
son Biron, but because he married against 
his inclination, disinherited him, and 
fixed all his love on Carlos his youngerson. 
Biron fell at the siege of (^^dy, and was 
suppoced to be dead. His wife Isabella 
mourned for him seven ^ears, and 
being on the point of starvation, applied 
to the count for aid, but he d e her 
from his house as a dog. Yilleroy (2 syl,) 
married her, but Biron returned the 
following day. Carlos, hearing of his 
brother's return, employed ruffians to 
murder him, and then charged Yilleroy 
with the crime ; but one of the ruffians 
impeached, Carlos was arrested, and 
Isabella, going mad, killed herself. Thus 
was the wilfulness of Baldwin the source 
of infmite miserj'. It caused the death of 
his two sons, as well as of his daughter- 
in-law. — Thomas Southern, IVie Fatal 
Marriage (1692). 

Baldwin, archbishop of Canterbury 
(1184-1190), introduced by sir W. Scott 
in his novel called The Betrothed (time, 
Henrj- II.). 

Bald-wtn de Oylev, esquire of sir 
Brian de Bois Guilbert (rrecejotor of the 
Knights Templars). — Sir W. Scott, 
Ivanhoe (time, Richard I.). 

Balin (Sir), or '* Balin le Savage," 
knight of the two swords. He was a 
Northumberland knight, and being taken 
captive, was imprisoned six months by 
king Arthur. It so happened that • 
damsel girded with a sword came te 




t al tiM tiow of sir BaUq'i relaitfe, 

•a4 lold th« kin^ that oo mtkn ooold 
§mm k wlw wa« tM0l«d with '' sbMne, 
tlHifcwjr, or guile," Kiof Artlmr aod 
iU Hi* kid^ti Ikiled In tb« fttt«alD^ tml' 
mr HttliA ar«« it readilr. The oaioael 
btgKCil liltti for Ihe iwom, bat be refused 
lo pre it to sii^v ofwt. Wberpupon the 
dameei Mid to hinif ** Th«t twonl shall 
be iliT pUene, for with it fthiil ye sUj 
jon Mt mend, and it ■hall also prove 
vovi ow» dctfh/ TbcQ the Lvlj of the 
ijtkff csam< to the kingi and demanded the 
eiroid, Uut fir BaUn ool off bar head vith 
it, aod wuM hamahwi from Hie tourt. 
Alter ▼arioiii adTeotitraa he oamt to a 
«Mlle whcf« the OMtoia waa for e^erf 
KiiMt to joiul* He waa aoeomcnodated 
with a iliield, and rode forth to meet hie 
aainnRiijik. So fiaroe waa the encounter 
thai tMith the comhataiita weft ikuu tut 
BaUn lirad jaet long «aoa^ to learn that 
hia aata^tit wat hU dearljr belored 
hrolhar D«lan« and both wei« buried in 
OM lMnb,--JSir T. Malory, Hittory 0/ 
FHmm AriAmf, u 57-44 iim). 

•«• **Tbo Boob of Sir Batin le 9». 
va^e** ia part i. di. ^ in 44 (both ia« 
eSaaiTe) of akf T. Ilakifr a ifiatory «/ 
Primm Arthm, 

BalinvoRui, om of iiba leiadcs* In 
AcfBmaiit** allMd nmjr. — Arioato, Or^ 


B»liol (»MmD, wBrperof SeoUaiid, 
introdnccd m Btdg/mmitett a nov«l Hjr air 
W* Seotl (tjxaa, George tl.)* 

M^fiioi iMr$,l Crieod of Mr. CroftanfErr, 
in Umi introdoctory chapter of Tkg Fatr 
Mtad 0/ PeHk, a nord by tir W. Scott 
(tell Ueoiy IV.). 

Sa*rk>t (Ifn. MartJ^ B^kumt)^ a lady 
fff ::ne, who liad a hooae 

c- _ i n|j, C^toongate, Edin- 

bur»:Ti, .11 aemLu she Icft to bcT OOOOLO 

Mr. TrofUai^ two acnea of take called 
J%t (^rmkkt </ QmemffoU (9. v.), vhieb 
ba Mbliahad.--Sit W. Scott, r4r IM^ 
iMtf fVSdbw OatrodDdioo, 18S7). 

^ '>Td,waafiD«ndad 

t l^knufbt, 

Oi * >.ll. U 1 i I Hill- i'i .>!-»U(l. 

BaUsar'da. a .^ _ „, 

of OrQMna by &e i mwifi a i f «!• 
t it wonid cnt tbnragb trw c»- 
— -■id anMancca, and waf aevm t# 
Bi^fO lot tbe axpraee pvfpoitoC ** §mX* 

mg Oriando*! doath*''--AxiOilo, 

Baliverao, the b aee at kni^ in tha 
Saracen army. — Aiioeto, Oriamia ^anom 

BalkorBalkh C'io^m&raM*'), Oquu^ 
■amamed GkH-ShiiA (*'e«rtha Ua^ "V 
fottuder of the PauhdadiaQ dynaatr. am 
trairelled abroad to make himielf famiJaif 
with the Uwi and coitoma of other laodiw 
On bia retain be met fail brother, aa4 
bnilt OB the apot of meeting a oi^i 
be called Balk; and nada k tht 
of bia kingdom. 

BalkU, the Arabian nsne of tii# 
^een of Sheba, who went from tbt 8o«l^ 
to wtioeat the witdom and apleodosr «f 
SolomoB. According to the Kaon dm 
waa a fiva-woiahipper. U ia Mid th^ 

Solomon miaad her to bta bed ftni I 

She ia atao cailad qoeen of Safan or Aaoia. 

—M Kardm, ikxvi* (Sate'i oolea)* 

being lold thai her lean m 
wHh hair «« tike tfaoae 
fir e aenw dm rnfaer 

tfaoae oTaa 011^** had cfaa 
IT ioared willi glaaa laid 
rnnnisg water filled with fiaik 
When Balkia appfoachad ihm room, 
annpoatog the Ooor to b« water, iba 
lined up her robe* and expoaed her natry 
aQkU% of which the king hii^ been ngbMy^ 
informed* — Jaliaio 'diiita, 

Ballenkeiroch (Oid), a Hiffhiaad 
efaipf and old friend of Fezgna Wirm^^ 
Sir W. aeoit, Wosartfy (tnie» Goorga II.)* 

Babnun^, the cword of ^ii|^fiiail» 
forged by VTieland th« amitb of tha 

8candiaavt«n gods. In a trial «i omaiik 

Wieland deft Amiliaa (a I 

to the waiat ^ bot ao tea wm fhe fWlllMi 

Amiliar waa not even eonaekma of It IHI 

he aUaniiicd to move, when be Ml 

afondar into two piecci 


BaLni-Barbt, ihe knd of projaetai^ 
viaitod by Gallirer,— dwtll, " "'" "'' 
JVawU (1739)* 

Bttlrod'denr (71W Mrf «fi, 
teHoQ of Godftnr BcvtrUB, lid 
Sllaiigowaa.— Sir W. a«g«^ 9w§ 
<ttm% Uooifff IU. 





of Fierabras. **Thifl 

ni,'» Mid don Quixote, " only 

I Uine liab [about sixpence] for three 

rrtg.** It wma the balmn with which 
bodj of Christ wu embalmed. Mid wai 
Holen by sir Fiermbras [Fe.a'.ra.bnh]. 
Soeh was its ▼irtoe, thai one single drop 
of H taken internisUy would instanUy 
hasl the most ghastly wound. 

- - ' - '-Mlt If th - -- -— ^ 

Baltlia'sar, a merchant, In Shake- 
tfmrt'9 Comedtf of Erron (1698). 

Battkeftar^ a name assumed by Portia, 
m Shakespeare's Mtrchemi of Venios 

BMheftar^ serrant to Romeo, in 
Shakespeare's RmMO ami Juliet (1697). 

BdtMxar^ servant tv don Pedro, in 
Shakespeare^s i/iicA Ado about Nothing 

Bd/f Aa'jrar, one of the three "kings'* 
shown in Cologne Cathedral as one of the 
" Msgi ** led to Bethlehem by the guidinir 
star. The word means "lord of tresMiree.^* 
Tht names of the other two are Melchior 
("king of light **), and Caspar or Caspar 
("the white one"). Klopetock, in The 
ir««*tiA, makes six "Wise Men," and 
Dane of the names are like these three. 

BalthoMor. father of Juliana, Vo- 
Unt^ and Zam'ora. A proud, peppery, 
•nd wealthy gentleman. His daughter 
Juliana marries the duke of Aranza ; bis 
Mcood daughter the count Montalban ; 
and Zamora marries signer Rinaldo. — 
J. Tobin, The Honeymoon (1804). 

Balne (Car€Unai)y in the court of 
Umis XI. of France (1420-1491), intro- 
duced by sir W. Scott in Qtientin Dur- 
ward (time, Edward IV.). 

Baln^^antes (4 eyl.), leader of the 
BMn from Leon, in Spain, and in alliance 
vithAgiamant. — ^Ariosto, Orlando Furioao 

Balveny (Lord)^ kinsman of the earl 
of Douglas.— Sir W. Scott, Fair Maid of 
Perth (time, Henry IV.). 

Balwhidder [MP, wither), a Scotch 
Dr«Bbyterian pastor, filled with all the 
i>id-fashioned national prejudices, but 
nufceic, kind-hearted, ana pious. He is 
lesanloas and loves his joke, but is quite 

ignorant of the world, being " in it but 
not of it.**-<Salt, Annals of the Pariek 

Th»lln. Mieahaa»wkUUr)a % flnt rmwwnftloH <t 
Uie prlmlttT* BeottUi mrtor : dlUfuit. hbmdiw. lofi^ 
and eswnplwy in Ui l&Tlwt withoat Om Swy Md ani 
"klrii-fllUn| ektquanM'of tbampportan ol Om Cof»> 

Baly, one of the ancient and gigantic 
kings of India, who founded tne city 
called by his ^ name. He redressed 
wrongs, upheld jotstice, was eenerous and 
truthful, compassionate ana charitable, 
so that at death he became one of the 
judges of hell. His city in time got 
overwhelmed with the encroaching ocean, 
but ito walls were not oyerthrown, nor 
were the rooms encumbered with the 
weeds and alluvial of the sea. One day 
a dwarf, named Vamen, asked the mifl^^ 
monarch to allow him to measure three 
of his own paces for a but to dwell in. 
Baly smiled, and bade him measure out 
what he required. The first pace of the 
dwarf compassed the whole earth, the 
second the whole heavens, and the third 
the infernal regions. Baly at once per- 
ceived that the dwarf was Vishni^, and 
adored the present deity. Vishnu made 
the king *' Clovemor of Pad'alon " or 
hell, and permitted him once a year to 
revisit the earth, on the first full moon of 

A dty. like th« dtica o( Uie ffoda, 
B«liiK like a gud hiniselt For many an asi 
Hatb ocean warred ai^iiut bis palaoaa. 
TIU oTenrhelniod they Ue baneaUi Um wvm. 
Mot orertbrown 

8ouU»«7. <VrM ttf Kt Smrn u, <▼. I (ISOS). 

Ban, king of Benwick [Brittany']^ 
father of sir Launcelot, and brother of 
Bors king of Gaul. This " shadowy king 
of a still more shadowy kingdom " came 
over with his roval brother to the aid of 
Arthur, when, at the beginning of his 
reign, the eleven kings leagued against 
hiuj (pt. i. 8). 

Yonder I Me the most valiant knight of the world, and 
the man of niooi renown, for >urh two bretlireD a» arc king 
Ban and king Itor* are not living.— Sir T. Malory, BiaUnTf 
Hf FHiux Arthur. L U (1470) 

Ban'aglier» a town In Ireland, en the 

Shannoii(Kint,''8 ( ount> ). It formerly 
sent two members to parliament, and was 
a pocket borough. When a member 
spoke of a rotten borough, he could de- 
vise no stronger expression than Thai 
heati Bananher, which passed into a 
household pnrase. 

Banastar {Jlumfreif), brought up by 
Henrj' duke of Buckingham, and ad- 
vanced by him to honour and wealth. 



Ht prpfaMtud lo lore the duke •■ hit 
deuvat jFriend; but when Ridurd IlL 
offered £IOC>0 reward to any one who 
WfMild deliver up the dukti^ ItaoAstAr 
bAirxvoil hiTTi to John MiiloQf aheriff of 
6 1 ! ' i h e was con v«y ed to 8mll»- 

b I y waa behmded. The ^hott 

of UH in it*' prayeti that Hanastar's eldest 
aon, •* ftsft of his wiU nit>;ht <^nJ hi* life 
l« II t5i->itvv ; " that hit s&cond ann might 
*' f ' «Q a dyke" containing lc3« 

t)i- 1 foot of water;" that his 

ouU ,^ , ■„;.,>,» ♦.« « u.r..v,. . -r,r| that 

BmUha ':ath 

and dt^> . j1 

Miirrour for StM^atntt^tca ^'" 1 he Com* 
pUynl," I5fl7j, 

Bftaber^ (7^ IM^ of)* tntrodttetd 
in DoonMfliii^rt tuutfttivc— »ir W. Scott, 

tofGmer§Uin (Ume, Edward IV.). 

Banbury Choeae. lUrdolph calla 
S1«fidef * *' Banljury choe»e " {Merry 
Witea of Wmdrntr, an u bc. 1 ) ; and in 
Jack DnmCw funtrtt>tmmifiU we read 
** y-" ■'™ ''^f t Bauburv ebe«te, nothing 
b(i The llanbury cheese 

all .ii a milk eheae^ about an 

Ifiv-h m thiekooH. 

Baiidy • legsed« Anntod G<mflM 

(177^1N^). aUo called U pamrd dm 
dn^^ifuTfiime fi#e^. He wa« one ol the 
foundert of the ** Oveau modcroe/* 

Baae of Uii» Land ( Lt m di sh ad e n)^ 

thi> <u*ijvf' if;\<ri to n (leftTiftsTi ri*l)l»cr- 

kv. .-.«•- 

di Be 

Wjv T)u»L''t?<:i uiiuiif Lur una t>i ujv i:iii|^IIV 

lor tilA offeDcei. 

BangoViiLn Ctontro^*'**'- • *he^- 

U^fcaf (ADpr-wur Ijcj^tin " lly, 

biahofv of RanvT'''^, tiir ^w-- _ by 

LiW. The ''i' '1^ rf.ritrHvrr^' 

wmi i •emiori forr Cifori:r I,, 

o(» the teat, * M^ L .^ lih ii uot ol thia 

T^nnkA n. fftrtjier^ l}i*» I'tf-At tfrr<it of 

of inn- 

ti-!. ::ow* 

ley,, iW'mcTt nni rnr.j:, jrr.>.-*y* 

Boti'natTne Club, a litigary dwb 

«IUeli tekee tte oaiv '' - Haa- 

UiVQ^ tt ««« inv fir 

WaltAT 8rr.U, sth! ' ^: the 

Trtii . LniUve of 

K 1 ireoeral 

Uti....^. .... .j.„ .*— ..aftolved in 

B a im ockb urn 

for the grrcat l»ftttl. 
Edward 11.. in whi< 
waj toUUy defeat*- 
gained their freedom , 

ttafpartfld wphiu of die o 

TnC€ md 


BoJiquO) fc Scotdi gf?iieraJ of myal 
extraction, id the ti"^" • ♦ ' 'ward the 
(Jonfeffor. He wai t the in* 

BtlgatioQ of kin^ji; M ht^ aoa 

PleA»c« r ' uiee 

descendei Lh« 

throne ol i <• I. 

of Kn(;}and» in whuin **'frir unn^ the 
two cff^wnt. The wilchc« on Ihe blaeted 
heeth hailed Bftuquo m — 

(Histoncally mu such person aa IfaoqQO 
ever existed, and therernre tleetKSc ««i 
oot the anccator of the house of hCaiail*) 

B&n'Bhee, a tutelary fcinale efdfiL 
EvetT chief family of Ireland hiU tli 
banahee, who is iupnosefi toaive it wan- 
ing of apim>«ching death or danger, 

B«Ultam ( A n^ Curm) , Ktand-iuatLer 

of *^-' '^*"^'- •nita at **Ba-ath/' ai*d a 

ver r^na^e in tlic oiunion iif 

the . i J . — C; Dickeua, T/us Pm^ 

Banting. Ifoifuj BmUiw^ m«ant IMnf 


by rep men for th*' 
eiipcrnuonK fat. Hi 

ril^oroiji uli-ttTilinn 

tairi' "f.'J 

red.. 1 ' 

and in 1 "_ M.< |>hi 

UpoU tUo RubjiHiU 

Bap, e contntrrV 
Maliotnet, An 
wbifth the Turn ; 
|>l(»yinjt; in iU' ■ 
ritcV, k wao h 
in ftone^ with iv. , i 
the other female, 
Ugurc wae female* 



■iig. by a 
M>d ran* 



thcn,.,t>., .^ u 

Baptis'la, ft nrh 
PadoAtfiabcrof Kadian'oa 

:, ■ ,it 

, I,. . u'i,i 

but all tJK ffct vf Uie 
Spedmeni ftill ejtiik 

Uie god* 


rjren tilt 

ay* i;.»roek, Jmfi«w 

thf^e pneate belaM 

.A.M«t eUeniiiMito lDt»- 






f (1694). ^ 

Baoti8tiI>ainiottLa Padnan quack, 
who ukows in th« enchanted mirror a 
pictiire lepreeenting the clandestine mar- 
riace and infidelitr of air Philip Forester. 
-4ir W. Scott, AmU Jiargarefa Mirror 
(time, WUlUm III.). 

Bar of Gold. A bai of gold above 
the intlep ia a mark of ao^fveign rank in 
the women of the familiea of the deys, 
and is worn aa a '* ciett ** by their female 

k at HtaMMi «f tar btbii'i buid. 
pM Mr. abow* bm taattn 

B|n«a, Dim Aw«» 

Bar'abas* the faithful senrant cf 
Ralph de Laaconrs, caj>tain of the Unm'ia, 
His faroorite expression is " I am afraid ; *' 
bat he Alwars acts most bravely when he 
is afraid. (See Ba3RARa8.) — E. Stirling, 
TU OrpAam of tAe Frozen 8m (1866). 

Bar'adaa {Omni), the king's fa- 
rouhte, first goitleman of the chamber, 
and one of the conspirators to dethrone 
Louis XII J., kill Ricnelieu, and place the 
due d*Orleans on the throne of France. 
lUradas loved Julie, but Julie married the 
chevalier Adrien de Mauprat. When 
Richelieu fell into disgrace, the king 
made count Baradas his chief minister, 
bat scarcely had he so done when a 
despatch was ] at into his hand, reveal- 
ing the conspiracy, and Richelieu ordered 
Haradas* instant arrest. — Lord Lytton, 
iitcKelieu {I931d), 

Barak el Hadgi, the fakir*, an 
emissary from the court of Hyder Ali. — 
hir W. Scott, Th§ Surgeon's Daugkier 
(time, George II.). 

Barata'ria, the ishmd-city over which 
Sancho Panza was appointed governor. 
The table was presided over by Dr. Pedro 
Rezio de Ague ro, who caused every dish 
set before the governor to be whisked 
away without Ueing tasted, — some be- 
cause they heated the blood, and others 
because they chilled it, some for one evil 
effect, and some for another, so that 
Saocho was allowed to eat nothing. 

•t • town eoouinlng About a 
tb-<«««al uih«l4uuitib rtier itar* blm to uudanUnd 
Ui ti It »M called Um bland of barataria. tlUMr bwauM 
iUniHia vat raall/ Uir naiua ut Um plaoa. or baeauM ba 
whuiatd tb* gayntMtmut banttv. (.«. "at a cheap rate." 
Oil hM arrtraJ near Uw gate* of Um town, the manldpal 
oflktfi euiM out to r-jcaim him. FraMOtl> afiar, with 
crrtalu ndiculoui oaramooiae. tbay prawiited blm wVh 
tta kmf of Um town, and constJtntod blm paryatual 
»^«rnor of tb« Ulaod of Barataria.— Canrautaa. dMn 
mitmtB IL UL 7. ate. ilf IQ 

Barl>arossa(*'r«fftttifitf"), snmamt 
of Frt-dt-rit-k 1. of Geniian^v (1121-1 190), 
It ii i^d ibAt he Dever died, but is stOl 
»lce];>in^ in KytThil«n*rbcrp in Thmringla. 
T]icre he »its at a stone inhle with his six 
knig^hta, waiting: the '* fulness of time^** 
whvn be wiU catne from bis aave to 
ttMue Oprmatiy from bonda^j and givi 
her the forenumt place of all the world- 
His boji-d h&s already jyfrowo through tht 
tuble-iilAb^ but uiui»ti wind itaelf thric« 
round tbe tabJc before bi^ second advent. 
(Bi^e MA?faL:% Chaklkmao^wk, Ahthur, 
DiyiMo»t>i SKHAs-riAJt I., to whtin 
glmiLLT LeigendJA are attached,) 

Lft« BArbkfPM, wha am in fl. caa^ 

B^rbarosiaf a trof^edy bv John Brown* 
This is not Frederick mrburcmaa^ the 
emperor of <iermsny (1121-1190), but 
Ho rue BiirbarcMisa, the coraair JHTS^ 
1519). He was m renf^ade Greek, of 
Hily]^^ who made himself master of 
AljreriA, whiich was for a time subject to 
Ttgrkcy. Me killed tlje Mtwriiih kin^; 
tried Ui cut oJf Selim tbij srtn, but wiUiout 
iuccesB ; and waattid to liiarfy ZapLi'm, 
the kinif'a widow, who rejected his euii 
with ftcoro, and wns kept in cimfinenicDt 
for seven jenn. Selim returoed unex- 
pectedly to Alpern, and a general rising 
Uyfik plitpe ; Dnrlmroiisii was «iam by Lbe 
iD#iiirf^cnt4i; Zapliira was restctred to tlie 
thnme - and .Selim her son married Ircnfi 
ihe daBghier of iUrbAros^a (174^)* 

Barljary (S.), the patron aaint of 
artwnals. \Vhen her father was about tn 
utrike off her head, she was killed by a 
flaah of li(;htnin^. 

Biir^tkirt/ (Eoan)t the favourite horse of 
Rlchai^ H. 

tlQllntNTjh* nxf« 041 f«BJi BATbur, 

K««*«rd // art r it * iWSn 

SarHDaaoiI, the name of a dernon 
mt^nLiuELtfd in TV M'^rry Wit€9 of Wind~ 

5c/r, act Ji. 9c. 'i fl50G). 

I .im ni.ii BarliwTn ; rni Anoot a^jHira mat, ttbt^i 
tt/^KV. a^v^ ^. ^ IL ac 1 UmBSHV 

Barco'chebnii, an antichrist. 

Bi^iTvi iMf^at Ui*anucM« &v«uc^(iu.- Ft DiH 

Bard of Av^on, Sliake»peare, bom 
and buried at SLratfoi^-ufx>n-Aroi] (l^&t- 
1HU>), Also cttlied the iktrd of oL 

Btird of jfv'sAiJ"*] Hobert Burns, a 
native of A v rah ire (1 759-1 7%)« 

Bfirdof Iliffxe, Thomas Campbdli authoi 
of r^w PUmmnt$ o/ Mi^p^ 1177T-1844). 




II-. ^'>). 

, Id. Rogm, Anthnr of 

r irm/f*^ ivm-M^h), 

«!>)<• jcv<^i fi<r niJLXiy yeiirtt ftt Olney, u 
Biickn (17^1-1800). 
ir^jn^ 0/ /Voir, Boeesccrio. 


wortlif who lire I T - *' *il Mfjunt ; 
*Ua Cftlled *• Po€t <T i(m" from 

LI^ inncipol poctn i 

' of IV*(54*fi.ij^»H Alexander Pope, 
•a At Twkk«oh»tn (ir>i$g.l744), 

Biii-ds. The incient (iwlnthouj^ht that 
the Botil of A dejixl hem could never tte 
haiijiv tiiJ % hafd h»d san^ &a eleg^- over 
the deceftfted. Hence Trhcn Cairbar, the 
UBUH'^i' *^^ ^^ throne of IreUnd^ feU, 
t}Hiu;:h he vtnA % rebels a mtirderpr, and a 
cuward, hla brother Cathmor cntdd not 
endiirt* the thought of hia »ouI bein^c 
nnntinti; to rest. So he i^oca to OMian and 
Ifcta him to ieod a bwd '* to jfire the poul 
f^f ,k . 1 ., . *n,^ irind, to open to it th« 
»> e joy to thedsfkeoed 

Bar Undladv of "apart- 

ment* i ntlenien " in Go*weil 

Street. Hene Mr Pickwick lodged for a 
time. She pervuaded hemalf that he 
wirulJ iiitiLch'ra ^^r>od fec^iod hu»baad, 
a '^ wva •e«n in hm arms 

i |4t, Mrs. Bardeil put 

» i-rs), 

V) .doLUtned 

a «^ Subae- 

q >;ff arrested 

i i^^ed her in the 

1^ iScktctck I'apert 

Barde'e*nUt (i tyM, a follower of 
tlarde'ian. fonndef «f m Qao«tM 
the atcoad oinlnfx* 



CtUt. Hit ir'l, I II II 
tilag joke miux 



Sir John in aHuaJoa thcref a calla Rardolpli 
*'l"be ILnight of the Buminij Lanip,'' 
He says to htm, ^^Thou art our admind, 
and beartat the Uotcm in the porjp/* 

ElMfwhere he teUi the ci r: > ' hjid 

saved him a "thousand u ks 

and torches, walkiji;^ with t i M 

betwijit taTen asd lavtriA," — ^3ha£«^ 

(The reference b to 2 ITnv^ /I* t^i |^ 
sc. 2, ^Tien FaUtoff aak«* 1 .i»l 

said Master Dunibletijn tj iiji 

for my short cUmk and nu^n , ^'a^ 
replies, "He said, sir^ yon abtvidd pr»* 
cure him better assurance than Bafdolpli. 
He . . . Liked not the security."^ 

Bardon [ff^jh), the scout-mastct \m 
the troop ol JieQienaut FiLcurBc,— Sir W» 
Scott, leanhoe (time, Richard L). 

Bar^re (2 ^^), an adr«cat« of T«N 
louse, ceiled " The Anacrvon of th« 
GaiUotiae.'* He was president < .f Uic C^jo- 
▼entioQ, a member of thv ssj 

Committee, and chief a^? ti- 

demoatioo to death of Lo4us .v > i , As 
meniUv of the Commtttee of Fuhlie 
Safety, he decreed that "Terror roust be 
the order of the day," Id the first em- 
pire Unrcre bore no public |»art, but at the 
restoration he waj bnri-' - i ii>, rt, Fmaoe^ 
and retired to BrussL 1 \}» 

T>« Sllbicat utA 
wm» a. baI*!* rraauire 
1017 — L«r>l Maaulkj^. 

Bar'^ufist, a goblia aniMd with teelH 
and claws. It woald sometimes act up in 
the atTe<ets a most fearfol aeraMn ta fhti 
** dead waste and middle of the iiigbL'* 
The faculty of seeing this mimater w«a 
limited U* a few, bat thoae who j^cmtrntA 
it eould by the touch cnmtuiimcate th* 
"gift** to others. — Fairti MgtAoloojh 
nSrth of EnglamL 

Bctr'guliUB, an lUyriJui 


raaUirecnvpATM n\ttt kw o aHt* wf lii'^ 


Barker (Mfr.y^ friend to Sowcrtiei nr H 
Mr*. Barker, bis wife.— W, Btmt^ H 
A Fnenomgnon in a SuucA /HrA 

Bftr'iclii* th« oarriflr who 
[C)aT»J Pepgwl'ty, by lellin^ 


hablaham and josaphat. 79 


CiiMcxfleld when he wrote homt lo laf 
to niM niine **> BiLrku is willin'/'' Ck^ 

(1lr». Qttickt J H}ri of or JoIib FftZ^taJf , 
"'A puitd «T«n joiiit b«^««a twelve t^d 
oae, «'^ m tht tumiQg o' the tidb"^— 
HtmrY V, act 11. k. 3^ 1&990 

Bar'l&iiam and Joaapliat» th« 

tHfQ«B and tiUe of a tntaDesnD^^ the 
•Itijed cf iriucii was |o sliow the tnumph 
ff Chfwtiim d4?^riQ«» over pagmifim. 
^ * ' I L9 A hermit who converts Jc»5»- 

ia tlie Middle Ages, 
L hw t»ea unsdUted into e^^cj^ Euro^ 
luig^isge. — Huddlf of Ema (a mia- 
er, thirteenUi centuir). 

B&rley (BUi), CUm'd fiither. Chiefly 
EcmiuliLAhle for drinking nrnii and thnrnp- 
iog DQ the ftoor, — (X Dickeot, Oreol 
J^pK-fofvwt (1860). 

Barleycsom (Sir Jctls), MaH-Uquur 
tieiK>Diti(Mi. HiB neii;bboun vowed that 
dt John chould die^ no they hli«d nffiana 
to ** plo^h him with piouf^hi and bury 
him I ** tbb the J did, and afli^nriuiiB 
"combed him with haiitiwi and thrust 
dodi on hi« headf'* but did nat kill him. 
Then with bcmk» and aickka their *^ctii 
hii leffi olf at the koeei,'* boqnd him like 
a thief, and ieft him ^' to wither with the 
wiod,** bwt he die<i not They now ** reat 
him to the hsri," and hairing " mowed 
kirn in a mow," aeot Iwo hraToi to beat 
htm with eltibe, and they beat him m mm 
that '' alt hit flsb fell froin hi» botiea,*^ 
but jet he died not. To a kiln the¥ next 
hauled him, and burnt him like n 
mmitjTt but be funrived the bamlng. 
They eroafaed him between two atones, 
but killvd him not. Sir John bore no 
Vialicv f(»r thi» lll-ufla^, but did bii bent 
lo cheer the flapQ^^Qg apirita even of his 

Tlila aoo^, from the Enffiisk 
Itmcm^~Matkr nM\), is Renerillr 
MCfibed to Robert Bnma, but alt that the 
Hevtch poiot did waa aliifhtly to alter 
parts of it. The same may Ik laid of 
"Anld lanff Bynt** "Ca" the Towea,'* 
*'Hy Heftrt ia Sair for Somebody," 
" *it«en grow tho Eaabe«t O ! " and 
tttfrnml othei ioogi, set down to the tMedit 
of Burna. 

Bat low, the taTouHte either of 
Ufiiix VtlL He was Jocoaely ci«a£ed 

hy the merT>' monarch '^ Duke of Shof«- 
ditch," and hia two comp4niona ^^MaLTt^uiA 
of lalingtoo " aod ** Earl of Paacras/* 

Bartow (BHiy)^ a jester, who £uuded 
himaelf a " mij^hty potentate," He waa 
weU known m the uttst of London, and 
died ia \lliitcchapel workhouM. Bomm 
of his sayinics were n&aUy witty, and soma 
of his attitudes truly farcical. 

Bar'mecide Feast, a nief« dream- 
feast, an tliuBion, a caittle in the air. 
Scha^a^c ''the haJ^lippcd,'*ffl mnn in the 
{rres4eit diAtreaiLt one day called on tha 
ridi B*rcnecidet who in merry je«t aaked 
him to dine with him, B&rmeride firat 
waahed in hypothetical water, Suhacabac 
followed his example. Barmecidi? tbeo 
pretended to eat of various dainties, 
Bchacabac did the latne, and praised th^m 
hi|4:hiyj and so the '* feast "went oa to the 
dose. The 0tory ejiys Har]ti<ti:;ide was bo 
pleased thAt Sdiacabac had the good 
s«na« aj)d l'ockI tempn- to enter fnto the 
spirit of the joke without reftentment, 
that he ordered in « real Imnquct, at 
which Scha<;AbiH: waa & welcome ^est— 
Anthiam IfijhU (*^Ths Barber't SLith 

B&r^nabaa (^.)t • disciple of Gama- 
liel^ rnuuin <if Bt Mark, and fallow- 
labourer witli SU Paul, Ue was mar- 
tyred at Salami s, A.r*. ns. Si, Bam^tu^ 
I)a}j is June 11, — AaU iv, 36, 97. 

Bar'nuby ( (i'ldW), the title and chief 
character of a novel by Mrs* Trollopo 
{i%m). The widow is a vul^r, pro- 
tend ou a huts lii«nd -hunter, wholly wiLhuut 
principle. TVidbv Barmih}/ has a st'i^uel 
called Thf Burna^ifi in Amerioii or The 
Wid-fis Married^ fi. {satire on Ameriea and 
the Americana {184U), 

Barnaby Rudpe, a half-witted hid, 
whose companion is a raven. He wub 
allurcid \q\o joining the Gordon rioters, 
—a Dickeni, Bamabg i^wrfj* (1S41). 
(See /^H,%.) 

Barnacle* brother of old yjcbolas 

Cockney « and ^niardian of PriKfilla 
Toniboy of the West Indies, Barnacle ih 
a tradesman of the old schoi^l, who tbinks 
the foppery and extravni^jurc of the 
** Cockney "schi>olinconni4te4itw'tb [>rot»- 
pemujf aiiop^keepinij. Though bnisuiie 
and eren iJl-maTitiprcd^ hcs Ivoi^ ^.>od senae 
and !^^Kt^i discern ni«*iit of charan'ter, — Th§ 
li&mp (altered from BicktntaE's L<it§m 


dflfbuctiTef^ wbo tmrnl ih* tmn» is 
ori«r to raform adcuI Arid polideal otlniBas. 
Thffie wiscjicrej. were ubiiut &a NKj^icat ia 
ilie Dutch ma n wbo burnt dL>wTii hli |i*m» 
i& gti rid of the mto wfuch iafeitod Uitoii 

Bai*ti0S (I nt/i.}^ ierrmnt to c^Iniiel 

fhijf ifaniKTi*/ (time-t George It,)* 

Uamey, a repulsive .Jpw, wli© vmttod 
nffi th« c^ustomel:v it the k-w piiUlitl^tioinw 
frequexited by Fa^n and hiji oAocittteii* 
It imey ftlwa/i ip-jke thr'->uj;h hii noM^— 

Urttieb &ftiO% ia love witb Ka^ Plowdva, 

niece of colonel Howard of New Tnrk. 
The iillt&nc« Tmx bdin^ &|Lipro7ed ofi KjiIc 
ia jvwioved fnun Eqj;;i4*aci to AintficA, 
bat B«rDAtabk goea Ui Americft tti dii^^ 
cu/er lier ri'tresai. In tlib he Biiet;«edi, 
but U'iPj? *eiit'*l 9J « sp>% b oooittifciitl^ 
by C4>I<>ncl Howard to be huitg; to the 
TikrcbirD of m Amepc&D frigate ealled the 
*Aimriiy. Scarce U- b the younic niaa led 
oft^ wben the colonel is mforrncU ilmt 
Banutttble lb hb own son, Jind he ivrrivcs 
«t tbe seene of exeeution. juft in time to 
Mve him* Of roafhe after thi* he n harden 
the ImiY of hb affecti^o,— E. FftTball, 
The Pdot (A burletU). 

Barnwell (Oft/fyfj^thechidt dmrncicr 

Inrea ta iaf emal machmes. Sfiske^peitur 9 
^^Shvlocli" hajt a humanity ia t!h» YCfj 
whirlwirid iif bit meii|an«t« imn Mar^ 
Inwe'i '' llwtBbkA "^ ia « ttot Uill of lliat 
" thtne'' which OiHstkfi |i^Qd!«e <»"^ 
deemed « Jew. (Soft lUikAmAA.^llAr- 
l«we, 11^ J«v 4/ M^tit. {iBmy. 

Mttr^rad^f th# Isinniu r ^ * ,3 

4m7w of the Jevt. Okllecl n 

T«tkfii«nt HoM^^M. lUfiove c«11a the 
w^fil '*IktTml«a'' in h|j /irv 0/ Jld^to. 

« Mii av of te^k af taPMte 

jNp«fe«« «r r«iiH. Oil fft,. K. I iuiii 
BaJTy Cortnarail^the n<w» dipimtm 
vf Hryaa Waller I'roeter* U li M 

BariAd (/uA»)« tin* Bdamsm IVuiiv 

n* fted M anUta* nss. Inc mm AiMIrt, iai««« • 

Barsls'a iBmtim), ia Ule Gwndtazn, 

the l«?i!t of tJie fft^nr <^lled 2\# Jf«*, by 
M. G. Lewi* (171*6): 

BSiTSton, ti/Mu captun Penwicke, i 
jetuU luid eecret cirrresjinndent of thi 
countess tif Derby. ^Sir W» Sk^itt, /'«*ti 
0/ Mf i'«A (time, Giarie* TL). 



rifled Ma tz«»xireA, and at ^c &ecui«tioa 
of hL» own wife wm tried and executed.^ 
Dun MilniAn, Futio (1315). 

B&rtOldO, saine na B^rtoldo (q, v.). 

BartoU (in French iiartkoU^ better 
known, bovflTsr, bj tb« Latia form of Lbe 
bmiMl, l7vrtofHff> wiii tb« moat fajnoua 
ma i 1 r r the diiUeelical i^hool of juriiti 
(V rr). H« If M born at Saeso For- 

n( ^ ri 1 uiljt And waJ profe^ior of Ciril 
Law mt ibe Univenitj of PerugiL Uifi 
rrpmlttioii WAS fll ^D« Umd icnmeDtet and 
bif worki were (jootcd m ai]thorii.y in 
Be«i1 J «T9i7 Europeftn oourU D trnc b lb e 
Fnmeb prorerbp applied to a wvlhre^nd 
lawyer. He kmcw* Mm'* B^trthftk" oMtcdt 
mt a Cardeiier ki* " Dormi" fan anony- 
mooM oompilatiou of lennQni fur the u«e 
of Ike Cordelier laonki). Another sooi- 
noQ Frenoh eipr^iionj Ri§oim enmmt 
Bmrtkoie { '* a« doeided aa Baithole ")i it a 
sort of punning atltiiion to bts R^it&ltt' 
tiom** Bttrtiitt',^, work in wbiob the kaot- 
tieit qu^fyone arc solved wtlb ex cathe- 
dra peremptorln^ii- 

BftT^olus, * eoTotoni liwirer^ htit- 
bftod of Aniaran'tJi, — Btaiinibnt and 

BaJton i^r" Amifew), a Scotch wtsm^ 
offioer* wha had tibuin^ in loll kttcra 
of inarr|iLiC' for bims^Ii and hii two ^diib, 
to tmkit ptiirisyil* uj>on tht atthjflcta of 
PortB|eaI. j'b« cimnctUboard of Kn^laod^ 
at which the earl of Surre^y pte&id^, wha 
dailv |#flt£r^ by eompbubtA from Uritijih 
mtfch&ntx and aailctn ag^ainat Barton^ and 
at Iftfft it waf decided to [»ut bira down. 
Two fhipft were, therefor*, placed under 
the eocnmaiid,* of sir TllcJirifta and *iT 
£4 ward Howard, on coi^agemeot tn»k 
vhuXf and sir Andrew tlarton vtm slain , 
Dfivdy fighting. A Ijallod in two partu, 
calltd ** air Andrew l^rton," U inaenicd 
in Fercy'i BeO^uei^ JL ii. 12, 

B&ruch. Piieij donc^ avex-v&ta lu 
Bornchf Said when a person pu^« an 
anexpeet«d onertion, or makes a Btartlini^ 
pmpooal. It arnfte ihos : Lafontaiae 
went ofte day with Hncine to ianebn^, and 
wiu ^TTO a Bible. He tamed at mndom 
to the " Pniver of the Jewn,'' in Barueb^ 
and wa« oo fttrtick with it that be said 
abmd to Racine, ** Dites, done, wbc was 
thi* [ianacb ? \\liy« do Vfju know, uian^ 
he waji A fine |je]fiiu# ; " and f*>T flonie dnyn 
aft^rwardn i,b« Smt oucitjon be ai^ked hii 
fncjidid wjUj Ditcst t^mc^ ifuaf., ave^^vmt& 


BarzUlai (3 9^L), the duke of 
Ormtmd, a fnend and drm adli^rent of 
Charks IL A» liarzillai aaiiisted David 
when he woa expelled by Absalom freo} 
bi» kingdom, io Ormnnd aiaiated Chu-lei 
IL when he wai in ttxM^ 

BtrE|IW» mvmwfi with hoaaun uid wlfb FB>^ * ■ * 
\-\likm ^9\ac9 he imunitid, 
K And! irilh him ntum«tl. 

Baaa-Aiidre, the wild womati^ i 
sofioere^ married to Biua-Jauu^ a sorl o| 
vampire* Uajw-Andre aometim^ is i 
aort of land monnaid {a t»eautiful ladf 
who aitji iOi a cave combing her locks witfa 
a gulden comb). She hates church bell*. 
(See BASA^AUSt*) 

Bosa^ JauiLj a wood-fiprite, married tc 
Ensa- Andre, a iorcercikB. Both hated thf> 
lonnd of church belU, Three hrolhen 
and their stBter agreed to ierve him, but 
the wood-iprite used to suck blood from 
the fin^r of the kItI, and the brothers 
resoUed to kill him. This they Bcconi- 
pli^hed. The Rasa- Andre induced the 
girl to put a tcioth into each of the foot^ 
hatha of ht^r brothers, and, Io ! they be- 
came oxen* Tiie girl cro!«in|r a hridgi 
saw BcLm-AndrOt and said if ahe did no* 
restore ber bmtherifl she would put hej 
into a red-br>t oven, fiti Hftsrt- Andre told 
thR jLcirl U> i^ve each bmther three blows 
on the back with a ha::e] wand, and on ^o 
daing they were restored to their prof*r 
forms, — ^l{ev*W,\V^ebsttr, Basmi£ L^i^tds, 
49 (1877). 

Bashfhl Man ( 7^)^ a comic drnmi 
by W, T. Moncrieff, Edward Bliish- 
iD|<;ton, a youa^ man ]uit come intu a 
Inrge fortnnc, is so bashful and ehy that 
life b a misery to him. lie dinei at 
Friendly Hall, and niakcA all sorts oi 
ridtcukmet bluodena. II ii college ehum, 
Frwik Friendly, sonda wnrd Xo say that 
he and hi a sister lUjjihj with sir TnomiLB 
and lady Friendly, will dine with him M 
Hlushin^rton House. After a few f;kH»o4 
ol wine, Erdward lo^es bis flliyn4g8i| 
n^akes. a Inng sjiccrh, and becnme^a the 
accepted mitor of Dinah Friendly, 

Baall, the blacksmith of Grand Pr4, 
m A^-adia {now Xtfva Scuiin)^ and fathtii 
of Gabri'-l the b^-trothod nf Evangeline. 
Wben the cnjnny was driven into ojtiifl la 
171 ;i by lienrtje II-, Basil aettled in 
Lniiisdnna, and grontly prfsiii&TPti ; but his 
Arm li'id A wandfrini^ lifc^ looking fnf 
Kvani^eline, and died in Pennaylvtmia 
of til a idogue*— lioiigfdlow, ieaii^ti*iid 



Balsile (8 *y^.), » r*Uin:n 

«r 1 /y* Bar^»er (if .Vr./<>, ln-t/i 

li haii. " li4»tlo *• And ♦* T*r- 

ii I' twtt French inc»niAlioil< of 

nli^iuui liiy(K>cri8}r« The former if the 
d«ric*l humbug, and tbe Utter the Uy 
reli^^ioii* brpocrite. Both dad Ivgelr 
in cAJamny, iiDd tmde in sUnder. 

Basiria, a faypoUieliciiI iiliind in the 
Dnrthrm oeean, f»moui for it» ambert 

CI 1 ao i(i1]in<{> 

1 ii$ aneieDU 

ih"' ■ - : , , -_ ■-■- lumber &cvni 

the Bkimrc^ ui Uic }i*kic. 

'RiBilia't'o. « btills' uti'! a br»gg«rt. in 
K, cauQterpiLrt 

Basrig or Bagsecfi^, a Sta 

kmtf, whn with HaMf'ti ©f 

(Tb«i in, *« my hcMurtinji; like Baiilisco 
hAs fiiad« mo a Ititgbt, goad mother/') 

Bts'iliak, SQn;H»t(^ to kill with it« 
nie the i)*^!^!! «rhM liMikrd nn it, Thui 
IlciiTy VL lAVt \a> Suffolk, "Cotne, 
bii#iUi»k, and ktU the ioooocnt gazer with 

Twiiiinnkt. MpwCu, tamiaJbatqpt itucvt,. 

BosUiUfl, a neii^hbour of Quiteria, 
ivhoiu he loved ffinn childhood, hut 
mXxrn grown up th«^ fjither of the lady 
fctrlAJi«! hun the htmie, and pitmiiM'd 
Qiiit«ria tn marria^ io Catpocho, the 
rkheet man nf the ▼idnitj. On ihfir 
way to church th^T |iMMd BA«iHii«. 
who ttftd HWrti en his rwronl, mnJ all 

I **for 


.^ u.. i«t M». 

_. us ruu* lU* ■ teK)^ liai^ Kl» * 

«M Ml. MHl Ak^n at «klttl#i Ukv ■ wmH. TMi Im 
iat • IM iMaa for kmAiC. Im knirti** Ibp flrtfterBi> ai to 
" • «8il •• kvO M wif att«v 

tiiM««. u a « atui 


flat b(} 

ttoo «tf Clie 

in ^l, io*«]c ft 
lifl year Kthcl* 

il:]r>« «iih Iht 

(I«ld, in I 

next WM^ ^t>^ L.r»L..^^ li .MiM..a^» von liy 
the Danea ; the third waf tbe fteow 
battle of jC«eeediin or Aabdiine \%im 
AtkUm)^ lost by the Lteoea, anil lo v^k^ 
king Riigarrg was tlain, 

Ab4 ■A«h«4 with Omoi [M* AmmI i 

ThM badli^ )« PBlMt. Iflt H tlwi nai»i.< UmL 
JiMt ]w (Cn» Kka DuM tar t 

_. ^^jut irliicli ia« ..^,^ ,___ 

In vthmn ih* DtoiiM rint ■Morw M tk ^m m iMgM 

thMi ikmn mu mmjUmt ta«ttk ai Ifwiiig . . . w^— *^ 


Baasa'nio, the lover of Portia, nic* 
c^aof ui in bu cboke of the three caakctAf 
which nwor<^.<! her to him MB wife, ti : 
i^t his friend Antonio , 
^ of the Jew Shylock, 
n that if b« n-i 
' hiee 

red, but if Dflt,! 

' pound vf A»- 

— ShakcapeAK, 



on Che Rirnri 

turned the h 

iiiUivKt shri 


i/.... .,, 

Bas^aet (Cavmt), a •windier 
forgo r^ who aa^amea the title of ' 
lo further his didboncat pimdieee.^ 

Bafisla'nus, brv>ther of Satmr'niiii 
emjicnir of Route, in hr** with Lflvln'ia 
dauKhtl^f fjf Tilns .\ ' ' , *rlr 

A»artmi*ruj>). He i ntr* 

triua and ('hirun, so ^ue«a 

of the Gotha^— ^?>bJ»akcau««A», Him 
AndrmiomM (I6&$h 

BaflSi'no (Omnt), the ** perjorw! 
hun band " of AitrrUA, Alain by Aionzu^ — ! 
Mr«, Coniiiirr^ TJi4 Ftrjwr^d SuAamii 


Homer wu probably ft^ 
ril was eertaauly nme. ' 
wns t.hf TmAfnrrl s^-t of ' 


WbA Eeii 

|Dt«-flt>nc :: - .- L- ^. 

ci4e fraa a haatitrd. UlyMwa was pt9^ 



liblT M| T«iiMr Mttaiiily, and DaiiiiB 
floaid is Om aumuM of iVoMot. 

BoMtard (7^), in English history is 
Wtlliam I.J natafBl son of Bobert le 
Diable. Hit motiber wm a peasant girl 
•f ~ " ■ 

Bastard of Orleans, Jean Donois, 
a aataiml son of Louis doc d*Orl^ans 
(bioCfaar of CharUs VL), and one of the 
BMSt brilliant soldiers France ever pro- 
duced (1408-1468). Btekger mentions 
Urn in his Okorin Bept, 

Bastille. The prisoner who had 
bssB foeined in the Bastille for sixty-one 
years was A. IL Dnssanlt, who was in- 
earoecated by cardinal RichBliea. 

Bat. In Sooth Staffordshire that 
slaty eoal which will not bum, bat which 
lies in tiie fire till it becomes red ho^ is 
called *'bat;'* hence the expression, 

Bata'via, Holland or the Nether- 
lands. So called from the Bata'viAns, 
a Celtic tribe, which dwelt there. 

of ear*. 

■ tlMf IfWMp 

Md (Uffflrcat wiqm, 
■ py I— d h I— iMotwI ali with Joy. 

ThgoMim. Ssammt (" WinUr," 17M).- 

Bates (1 ty/.), a soldier in the army of 
Henry V., ni»der sir lliomas Rrpingham. 
He IS introdoced with Coart and 
Williams as sentinels before the English 
camp at Agincourt, and the king un- 
known comes to them during the watch, 
and holds with them a conversation 
respecting the impending battle. — Shake- 
speare, Nemry V, act iv. sc. 1 (1699). 

BaU9 (Frank)^ the friend of Whittle. 
A man of good plain sense, who tries to 
laugh the old beau out of his folly. — 
Garrick, Tht Irish Widow (1757). 

BaUa (Charley), generally called 
*' Master Bates,** one of Fagin*s ** pupils,** 
training to b« a pickpocket. He is 
always laughing uproariously, and is 
almost equal in artifice and adroitness 
to "The Artful Dodger** himself.— 
C. Dickens, Oliver Twist (1837). 

Bath, called by the Romans Aqva 
Sulis ('* waters of Uie 8un **), and by the 
Saxons Ackammuium ("city of the 

Bath {Kimfi of), Richard Nash, generally 
called Beau Nash, master of tiie cere- 
monies for fifteen vears in that fashion- 
able eitj (1674-1761). 

Bath {The Maid of), Miss linley. • 
beautiful and accomplished singer, woo 
married Richard B. Sheridan, the etatea 
man and dramatist. 

Bath (The Wife of), one of flM 
pilgrims trayelling from Southwark t» 
Canterbury, in Chaucer's CatUerimry 
Tales. She tells her tale in turn, and 
ehooses " Midas ** for her subject (1888). 

Bath'sheba, duchess of Portsmonth, 
a favourite court lady of Carles II. As 
Bathsheba, the wife of Uri'ah, was 
criminally loved by David, so Louisa P. 
Keroual (duchess of Portsmouth) waa 
criminally loved by CJharies II. 

My taShtteiaiaHm ll.\ wtioinwlUi i«*«nB« Imhm . . . 
b crown in &UlMh«te*«Mntanoci oU. 

PtyJen. A »Mlwi i mm * At k H^ p kil, IL 

Battar (Al), ue» the trenchant, one of 
Mahomet*s swords. 

Battle (The British Soldiert^), Inker- 
man, November 6, 18M. 

Battle of Bamet, 14th April, 1471, 
was certainly one of the most decisive 
ever fought,* although it finds no place 
amongst professor Creasy*s list of "de- 
cisive battles.'* It closed for ever the 
Age of Force, the potentiality of the 
barons, and opened the new era of trade, 
literature, and public opinion. Here fell 
Warwick, the " king maker," " last of the 
barons ; " and thenceforth the king had 
no peer, but king was king. lords were 
loras, and commons the people. 

Battle of Nations, the terrible 
conflict at Leipsic (October 18 and 19, 
1813) between Napoleon and the Allies. 
Its issue was the defeat of Napoleon and 
the deliverance of Germany, it is called 
"the Battle of Nations" not only from 
the number engaged therein, but also 
from its being the champion battle of the 
nations of Europe. 

Battle of Prague, a piece of de- 
scriptive music very popular in the first 
quarter of the nineteenth century. It 
was composed by Franz Kotzwara of 
Prague, bom 1791. 

Battle of Wartberg (The), the 
annual contest of the minnesingers for 
the prize oflFered by Hemumn mar- 
graf of Wartberg, near Gotha, in Ger- 
many, in the twelfth century. There is 
a minnesong so called, celebrating the 
famous contests of Walter von der Vogel- 
wcide and Wolfram von EBcbenbach with 
Ueinrich von Ofterdingen. Ileinrich lost 
the former and won the latter. 




Battle of the G-iants, Marig^&no, 
September, 1515. Fmneoi* I. woo thi« 
ht.AW uvf^r the Swiaa And the duke of 

WiUn. 'f^ 1..^ .^^ i.r<fl 26,000 

oiefi, lL' ss of Unti 

fonufii s r lf>,000. 

It i% ailleil " tbc Buttk- mJ ' •" b«- 

CAii»c tbf comljaUnLi on were 

*'mifrhty men of war." lii.- ^. - for 
▼ictory like ^aots. 

Battlo of the Tliroe Emperors, 
Ar '^^r, 1805. So 

emj' « i i*i4-=4av, .>ii.* the cm^icror *>f 

Au«tn« were all jrreixnt, Kapaloon woo 
the U^hU 

Battle of the West (Ortat), Uie 
tuiUle Itciween kin^ Arthur and Mordrvd. 
Hera the king received bit deftth- wound. 

For b«ltle of the 6oo4ti af the KcrrM*j$^ 
of lire in«jl, of U>i! ttitndurd^ of Uic 
tnw*, etc., aee Dktujtutr^ uf FKr\uit and 

Battles ( TA* Fi/t^^ Daci^v«}, Accofd- 

(1) M ;, in which the 

Ql«ckj '« tented Dariut 

the Fifiumn, iinu luxntu ujc dde of AJUktic 

<2; iiyracuu {ti.c. 413), in which the 
AUieaUfi |>owef wtt« hniikeu and tlie ex- 
t«iuion of Greek doifiin«tinn {iri'veat^d. 

(.1, 1,^-';,, II, i :::a\ \,y which .Uex- 
Aii aud introduced 

Eu: , 

(4j ^./:iurTA.. nt.t... -(p;^, to which the 
Romtn* defuLtcd flanojlialt mud C«rthAge 
euDi^ to ruin, 

I ■ ■ ■■ rhe 

Qtt ^ruft 

ft.T>, 4/5!), la which 
AUiU, r'^ of God/' wi* de- 

IttAted h} 1 Europe Mvcd from 


i Y which 

IfS I ^!i«<4«fd of 

I iyj)» by whieh Joiin 

tf A.^ ' ^1'" city end 

Meuied i. uccj 

flO) , whirh 

eroAhtfd 1 >i^un axid of the 

MArlbordoghf by the defeat of Tallwd. 
broke off the atnbitJuua echeoiee (2 
Louis XIV. 

(12) Puitotea (a,d. 1709), in which 
Charlc* XI 1. of Swetl«n wu defenteU by 
Peter tAc Gmuii of Hu^aia, »nd the ita- 
bility of the Muecovite eoYpire wta 

(I») &traio*;f(t (A.ti. 1777), ill which 
eenerkl Uetcfl defrated Hurgoytie, ead 
decided the fnte of the ATnerii<'jin Kevotii- 
tion, by miikiaf:; Frurj' ^V ^^v, 

(N) IWwiy fA,l>. I fijcli tSi 

allied arroieB under i : Bnine- 

(A.D. lSt5), In which 
« Jited Napoleon and fl»red 
becoming » French pro- 

wick were defeated by Lhc 1 reach B«va- ^ 
lutiDnuta, and tb« rerolutiQa mm H 






Bi>ttte$. J. B. Martin. <rf Puis, MiBtn 

of battle-scencft, was called by tilt rtttch 

Battle fttr Battle-axe. 

erf UuNMMit ~ 

(UJ / 

I*. i7(H>, in whi<ii 

Tlw««r<} tern* 

In thk aantMemA pawRji 

ka/tr« (u«p— S«T, J. 
itlBlrf (I'VlJw 

Battle*BHdfe, Kinff't Cmiai, Lon- 
don. Called '* Battle " from beia^ the 
Bite of a b&ttle between Alfred and the 
Dane* ; and called *' King'* Ooea'* ffon 
a wreftched utAtne of George IV., lake* 
down tn 1H4*>, The hl«toric naoie itf 
»' Battle- Brill ^rc*' wae chaa^d m UTL 
br the Metropolitan B(«rd, fur that Of 
' ''York Road. ' Mitem&de dtctu I 

Batttm. a v^' ^^* 

inji*^ witncsfcd M •'• 

o?(en^ he n tf 

to ennuTtr ti 

fc?t hi? 4 


Ban'ciB and Phileraon, an 


wh» I 





Vtmt wiali, and were converted into two 
trees before the temple. — QreeA amd Bo- 

Baol'die (3 sy/.)» stable -boy of 
Jothna Geddes the qoaker.— Sir W. Scott, 
SodgamtUt (time, George III.). 

BtmPdit (8 «y/.). the old shepherd in 
the iBBodnclkm of the etory called The 
Btaek Dvoarf^ bj ur W. Scott (time, 

Bavlad (2V), a satire by W. Gifford 
M the Delia Crnscan school of poetry 
1794). It was followed in 1800 by The 
Mmind, The words " Baviad " and 
"Mcviad" were suggested by Virgil, 
ftf. ill. 90, 91. 


Wbo inkM Ekvfen or OB MatlM doCM. 

Bavian Fool {The)^ one of the 
characters in the old morris dance. He 
vore a red cap faced with yellow, a 
yellow " dabbering-bib." a bloe doublet, 
red hoee, and black shoes. He represents 
•a overgrown baby, but was a tumbler, 
and mimicked the barking of a dog. The 
vord Bevian is derived from bavon^ a 
"bib for a slabbering child" (see Cot- 
nave, French Dictionary), In modem 
French bate means '*drivel," "slabbering," 
and the verb baver '* to slabber," but the 
bib is now called batttte, (See Morris 

Bavie'ca, the Cid's horse. He sur- 
vived his master two years and a half, 
■od was buried at Valencia. No one was 
ever allowed to mount him after the 
death of the Cid. 

Batie'ca [i.e. "Boo6y"]. When Rodri- 

fo was taken in his boyhood to choose a 
orae, he passed over the best steeds, and 
selected a scrubby-looking colt. His 
godfather called the boy a Dooby [bavie- 
ca] for making such a silly choice, and 
the name was given to the horse. 

Ba'viuSy any vile poet. (See 

Q«) Bsrhnn Don odit. lunot tna carmina. Mmyi, 
Abqiuo Idam jnncit rulpet, ct muUsmt biraw. 

yirgU, £ei. UL »0. »L 
Mar aufM dMlee patron tiaa meh aty cooM-quOl | 
Mmj 9tmj Bariiu ha** hU Riifo sUIL 

Pop*, frploffut to tkm SaUrm. 

BaVTtry. Like the saddler of Bawtry, 
ttho fciis Kantjed for leavimj his liquor 
(Yorkshire I'^roverb), It iwas customary 
for criminals on their way to execution 
to stop at a certain tavern' in York for a 
*• parting draught." The saddler of Baw- 
Iry refused to accept the liquor, and was 

hanged, whereas if he had stopped a few 
minutes at the tavern his reprieve, which 
was on the road, would have arrived in 
time to save him. 

Ba'yard, Le chevalier aana peur et 
sans reproche (1476-1624). 

The British Bayard sir Philip Sidney 

The Polish Bayard, prince Joseph Poni' 
atowski (1763-1814). 

The Bayard of India, sir James Outram 
(1803-1863). So called by sir Charles 

Ba^yard, a horse of incredible speed, 
belonpng to the four sons of Aymon. 
If only one mounted, the horse was of 
the ordinary size, but increased in pro- 
portion as two or more mounted, (llic 
word means "bright bay colour. ) — 
Villeneuve, Les Quatre-FUz-Aymon, 

Bayard, the steed of Fitz-James.— Sir 
W. Scott, LadiJ of the Lake, v. 18 (1810). 

Bavar'do, the famous steed of 
Rinaldo, which once belonged to AmSdis 
of Gaul. It was found in a grotto by 
the wizard Malagi^i, along with the 
sword Fusberta, both of which he gave 
to his cousin Rinaldo. 

Hii colour b«7. and benoe bb name ha draw— 
Ba>ardo called. A atar of direr hue 
BmbUuad hit front. 

TaM>. XinaJdo. li tSO (!««). 

Bayes (l syl.), the chief character of 
The Rehearsal, a farce by George Villiers, 
duke of Buckingham (1G71). Bayes is 
represented as greedy of applause, im- 
patient of censure, meanly obsequious, 
regardless of plot, and only anxious for 
claptrap. The character is meant for 
John Dn'den. 

*** C. Dibdin, in his History of ths 
Statje, states that Mrs. Mountford played 
"liayes" "with more variety than had 
ever been thrown into the part before." 

No species of novel-writing exi>oee* ItKlf to a aererer 
trial, sine* it not only migni all Bayes' pretea<dons " to 
elevate ttte imagination," ... but place* Ita producUona 
within Uie range of Lgeneral] crltlclfin.~A*M:ye. UrU. 
Art. *• Romance. " 

Dead men may rise again, like Bayet 
troops, or the savw/es in the Fantocini. In 
the farce above referred to a battle is 
fought between foot-soldiers and great 
hobby-horses. At last Drawcansir kills 
all on both sides. Smith then asks Bayes 
"How are they to go off?" »* As thev 
came on," says Bayes, " upon their leifs. 
Whereupon the dead men all jump up imve 

♦,♦ This revival of life is imitated by 



Klioto tA the last Matn of hii Bi/mbiaitM 

BKyeux Tapeetrr, said to b« l;lie 
work ^if KngliAh daiiiMlf rctaiaed la the 
c ' *t ^tild»» the Conqueror'* wife, 

^ • onconteoiplAt^li LheinTaaioo 

< 1 . m 1803, htf cauted this record 

U* Imj ri'iiiifved to Pari*, where it wm ex- 
hiUtted in the National Museum. Having 
served tti purpose, it was neturued to 
ISai^pujt, Fac-«i miles b3r Slothard were 

rif^liahfv) in th<* lWi»*f*i UrmtmifmUi^ at 
' ' ■ ,<Kiries. 

1 U-l of 

I itiidy) 

mud I* o(tiie4 2'<jui; <L U, Jiufi. 1 1 lii ctuted 
ri>und a witullass, and cooaists of linen 
worked with wools* It is 20 inches 
broad, SI 4 feet loog^ aad oootaiiu 72 

In cooipartmtDt^ Edward" 

ii ffivii^ atidieac' 

of whom it Hur 

^1 a hawk in his hand (a mark 

and his hounds, is on Lis 

--— •' V K<^irtut: mi^xtm 

:• about Ut tuttr* 

n the 

...a. &th, 

with Gujr, the 
B*>i?iiTf. l(>th lo 

s«>o*. one 


. 1 ' ». 1. u,^ r ' 


'. riejis of Uj 


•-. fli't^rnt f 


\: r ; 

1 m U|i 
are wiimea. 


- arc rt^n-^ 

*U}, only llitce of 

r<\ in 

m aa ep- 

B&78 water (Uwitit'iO* that is, 
J fc yinf t l\ ix/4*rtM</^ a «tJiri|r of pools and 
ponAa which now form th« 2i«p«filii)«. 

Bea'con (ron), igrvom to llastvr 
CbilB£:db (|»rt7«lc emtaMry of Char(«s IL)* 

— fiir W. Scoti, Pwmii o/ lAf i^ni <lla% 
Qurlea 11.). . ^ 

Beadle. Tht runnifvf Adfi^^ of tm 
beadier, a public whipti(a(f. (zia* Haiff 
17//. act ▼. sc 8.) 

Bea'gle {Sir Harry\, m honf totaOrf 
noiif who oaii talk of nnthtnif h«t 

common place. 


honca and doi 

c« a 

r hiabone, 

.'Itaaii,, J^ 


bargmio with' lord 
Harriet to him in e 
(See GoLDFiMCH.J- 
JmUw Wife (1761). 

Beak. Sir John Fielding- iraa 
»*The Blind Beak*' (difd 17»0>. 

Bean Ijean {tkmni€)^ aimu WIQ 

Ruthveo, a Hi^^hland robl]«r'<hi«>f^ fit 

also appears di^j^iised ad a t«edlar on th« 

mnd-side leadin}|; to btirliit^, Wa^ct ley 

i to the roUier's cmv* aad 

1 night* 

. /tMTfi, daughter of Donald 

Lean, who attends on Waverl^ durinir a 
fever.— ^ir W. Scott, WmtrUjf (tiwp, 
George II.). 

Bear ( Th^)t emblem of aackul Pmi*. 
The |^>ldeii lioa was the emblem of aa- 
cieot Assyria. 

W^«« to la- AivriM Bm'i fffMM Mis. 

1%a& in flM bat uiusa PM|m4 In ^imSlfmm 
Wli*n that pwt Piia—bsift <rt>^S «WWfH ; 

Tba Uob'i alniat* wt vUll »iM jli »yf 

f «>ar ( TAf ), Russia, tta oogniiaxice bein|; 

ani isdUim Um ant tiM Sw»« ^Mrj«ywtfcd^ 

/^ur ( Thf Hrave), Wafwiok it «o tailed 
ttnm his cogmsduice, whioh waa a JMr 

Bmr { ThM Ortat), caUed ** Bellied* 

Kl|lt« OK |b« saMa rwi«4 ^MansB^ SK dw «M 
Tte vMil Hliw «f<M^» liar 

Bearcliff (/^rocxM), at like Gonton 
Anna or KiiipleiriD^m iitn, wberv 
eojoikel Maaiiertng stops on hia retnro to 
Rairlaod* nA hears of Bettiam's illnesa 
anird]sCMB.-^ir W. 8eotl» Gay Jfi 
ii^ (time, Gcofgc tK)* 

Bearded (IV). (1) Gtofh^w the 
crusader, ('i) fkntchaid of the houjc oi 
MonimoKUcr. ('4) Coaataotioe 

northe of t}jr 
of Ruiiiia, wu 
was five feet iwt> tucUc« luii^ ^eilotr. 





mA^aadhnrnd. Sir Hn^ Willoug^by 
WM aUawed to take it id his huicL 

2W Beardtd MagUr. Soc'rmtSt wm to 
fliaiAd by Posiiis (b.c 46»-d99). 

Hamiwomu Bmtrd, Baldwin IT. earl 
fi FUnden (1160-1186). 

Jokm Ut Bwdmi, John Majo, the 

Gcnum {winter, whose beard tooched the 

I be stood apright. 

Beamais (X«), Henri lY. of France, 
10 called fratn lus native province, Le 
"' I (165»-1610). 

Be'atrioe (8 tyiX a child eight vean 
oU, to whom Dantd at ' 

at the age of nine 
attached. She was the 
daoditerof Folco Poitina'ri, a rich citizen 
of Florenee. Beatrice married Simoni de 
Bardi, and died before she was 24 years 
old (1S66-1S90). Dant6 married Gem- 
ma Donati, and hb marriage was a most 
ndiappj one. His love for Beatrice re- 
nmniea after her decease. She was the 
fomitain of his poetic inspiration, and in 
his Dimna Oommadia he makes her his 
guide tiuoogfa paimdise. 

• aad Mnton'tKv* 
itm tiMir cpooni , 
Byron, Am yiMM. UL 10 (ISSOK 

(Milton, who married Ifary Powell, of 
Oxfordshire, was as onfortunate in his 
choice as Dant^) 

BaUrioef wife of Lndov'ico Sforza. 

Beatrice^ daoghter of Ferdinando king 
of Naples, sister of Leonora duchess of 
Ferrarm, and wife of Mathias (}orvi'nus 
of Uongary. 

Beatrice^ niece of Leonato governor of 
Messina, lively and light-hearted, affec- 
tionate and impulsive. Though wilful 
she is not wa^ard, thoo^ volatile she 
is not unfeeling, though teeming with 
wit and gaiety she is affectionate and 
energetic At first she dislikes Bene- 
dick, and thinks him a flippant conceited 
coxcomb ; but overbearing a conversation 
between her cousin Hero and her gentle- 
woman, in which Hero bewails that 
Beatrice should trifle with such deep love 
as that of Benedick, and should scorn 
io trae and good a eentleman, she cries, 
" Sits the wind thus r then farewell con- 
tempt. Benedick, love on ; I will requite 
jon.** This conversation of Hero's was 
B mere ruse, but Benedick had been 
eaagfat by a similar trick plaved by 
Qaodio. The result was they sincerely 
lofved each other, and were married. — 

Shakespeare, Much Ad9 abtmt MMmg 

Beatrice Cend, The Bwutiful Far- 
ridde (9.0. )• 

Beatrice D'Eate, canonized at 

Beau Brummel, (Seoige Bryan 
Brummel (1778-1840). 

Beau Clark, a billiard-maker at the 
beginning of tiie nineteenth century. 
He was called **The Bean," assumed tha 
name of Beaucierc, and paid his addresses 
to m protege of lord Fife. 

Beau Fielding, called " Handsome 
Fielding " by Charles II., by * pl*y on 
his name, which was Hendrome fielding. 
He died m Scotland Yard. 

Beau Hewitt was the original of sir 
George £therege*s ** sir Fopling Flutter,*' 
in the comedy called The Man of Mode 

or Sir Fopling Flutter (1676). 

Beau IQ'asb, Richard Nash, called 
also " King of Bath ; ** a Welsh gentleman, 
who for fifteen years managed the bath- 
rooms of Bath, and conducted the balls 
with unparalleled splendour and decorum. 
In his old age he sank into poverty (1674- 

Beau d'Orsay {Le), father of count 
d'Orsay, whom Byron calls ** Jeune Cu- 

Beau Scant, the Templars' banner, 
half white and half black ; the white 
signified that the Templars were good to 
Christians, the black that they were evil 
to infidels. 

Beau Tibbs, in Goldsmith's Citizen 
of the W(/rld, a dandy noted for his 
finer}-, vanity, and poverty. 

Beauclerk, Henry I. king of Eng- 
land (1068, 1100-1135). 

Beaufort, the lover of Maria Wilding, 
whom he ultimately marries. — A. Mur- 
phy, Tfie Citizen (a farce). 

Beaujeu (Mans, le chevalier de)^ 
keeper of a gambling-house to whidi 
Dalcamo Ukes Nigel.— Sir W. Scott, 
Fortunes of Nigel (time, James I.). 

Beaujeu {Mom. le oomte de), a French 
ofiicer in the army of the Chevalief 
Charles Edward, the Pretender.—Sir W. 
Scott, Waverley (time, George II.). 



niujjf wbidi sir Kev (Arthwr'f ftnrkrd) 
f^Aveto iiiLretli when be ws^a kitcbea <irudj?e 
til Ih? |ialKOF. **• Ha hud ibt hkt^v$thnnn^ 
tiiat ever man wiw«" iiari^th wi* the woa 
of king Lol ADd Mnr^wAe (klci^; Arthur'ft 

«r A^Taif], juid ^ir (Jidi^i. M^fd^ml 
wma hh bftlf-brti£b«r.^Sir T. 11ji]<ii7, 
ML^tory of Prifux Arthur^ L 120 (I47i>}. 

•/ rib ftcWevcmctiU ate giifM landfT 
th#! nMH€i "Guretli " {*^.r.). 

lennyifiiif In bU hurtfth vid L^mftie^ 
UiMtvM «r K«y Uunlin^ly Ad4reM Laoo*- 

fH riM <Wre tr Iftir } utdjt Aha tw tkiM le M 
Th»( a>l"<i <>*ii arMrxa^ raiwulnfc, Mtta Boa d«r« 

Be il femembtrcd tttt K*y ltiai#tl! 
cftlledGareth ** BtAums^m'-fmiii (}it extim- 
ordiiimrv ski' of tlie IajI'b bAfidi } but tht 
tttutil pdt int(i ihe tn^'Uth ^t Kny by the 
pr^eti mdicvtc^fl thni the tftd pTTded bimMlf 
uii bie ''finr" fmce ftud *^^|»ir" b«j!i4i, 
which b unt the esse. If " f»ir hftndi " 
k ft tfmnfsJjitirn] of Uiji tikktiAtiic, it 
■bould b« 'Tine haDda^"' which bc^fv the 

Uulter (if the Ktiifcbts TcTii|ilftTfi.— Sir 
W. Si!ott, AjtvAw (tiiTKs Hicbard l.J. 

Beftuure Uio-tftai/l, ion cf indo! 

triee Cenui, dA&ghtw of a Roumji mMB^ 
Kis-n, who filritj^M «J(* d»tli of bCT fftibtf 
becftu- ' ' ! i^leflhcT. Sbv wu 

ii%in:u: «tey hotf tti^i^j 

on t)j*' , I iJ^ c>iicii. UmM 

K«itii> ju/iU^a £»t lk»ftl Ho« i» wciH kDnnfl 
tbitiagb it« £iumb«rloi» rvpruiSuclivo*. 


Miwiitjl' tiH<i* <r4«t IWnII^ 141 Ilk* bi 
IhdH tfi lull rn. uui HAttf it|iii« ih* 

BmnUu { Qmm ^, $» tli» dB«g)iter 
fkktmsMm* IfaluuAEncdt Tuicf vf 
tmt^ wsii eillffil. lilM mjuticd htt 

^dio' Atif vlarirr of Ttjutv^nL— iljn(t6itf» 
jrt^Al* (** XoiiTvildin Mi;' *tcO* 
Betnuiy ttud Lh^ Beiiat^ t 

trt i<i flHt^), fToiti I^n Ofnt^ Mi 

Md«, VilkneuvTv (\~A{iU tb« fncial 

lifiii of All nuLri.ei'y tjtlet, A ytimg mnd 

hiffidl io the pQwer of a fri^tfiiJ ImiI 

kifid-hiifArted mr>nstpr, whoii« rpjipecftfid 
&J!!tirLicm &nd iijelimtiboliy OTercumc her 
ftvehijon ii* ht9 uglinea^f And she eotuent^ 
t^j twccmie hii bride. Iking thiu freed 
frcim eDcfaAatment, the m^QinKter Asiruiu^ 
htA prf»[ier fotm &ad b43CAm<j a yous^ Aod 
hanasoine prince. 

Beauty but SMnMieei^ Tkm *x- 

t\^v m B.ii Tin aijii-i 11 -TO. i n tim. I rth \7jan n i niw'm f imi^ ^ 





; of diQ pUy ; aU w« are told ii 
; fHiimf to the mof of ber bxx^tlier, 
i FmtmAa (1707). 

Bed of W&re« a liu^ bed, capable of 
holding twelve pfioos, TtadilioD aft« 
mgm it CO Wannckf tbtt " king Eoaker." 

Bade (€WA«i^fL tbe Her, Edwani 
BiidS«x, antlior €ff The Adtxmtm^ of Mr. 
Ttriami ^drmm^ on Qsfwd JVvj/knuiii 

Bodtigrain (Ciuflr n/)} in Sbenrood. 
Itvaa A royal eajiite, b«loi^fitig to kiog 

Bed'er (" AiU/ii(l ««»«'*), «m of Gml^ 
m't^ (i ifl.)* ^^ 7°^!^ lEliig of Petiia. 
Ai fait nsotlut mu an u^isder-sea princen, 
h* waa Q^blcd to tire under va|«r «« 
w«ll u on UimL Bedar wai a jomtg man 
af haDdanma penoa, qolek piut«, a^iv«- 
ablc naoociii, aiHl amiable diapoajtiaiit 
Be fell In ]0T« with Giauha'r^, daiigbtcr 
HF tlw kioig- of SamandaJl t ^ mosl power- 
fa] of the nnder-iea empirest t»ul: iimu- 
b«f§ ctiAritr«d him into a white birtl with 
red iKak ^ ami r^i ]f^. After rariotis 
■dtnatarMt B«diM reiumed bis bumati 
fBtn and married ULauhirC*. — -drafr«jj» 
^Ali (" Beder and GiiubarS "). 

Bed'er or Bedr, a v^Llej noted for 
tb« vietr*Q' eaiced by Mahomet^ m whirb 
*■ U waa asAiftted by BOOO aagels led bv 
Gabrid mounted on bia bonc^ Hau'uEn,^" 
— Sate 'i Alur^M, 

Bedlvere (SV) or Bedlver, kinp 
Ajtbur^B butler and a kni^btof tbe Round 
Tabte. He waa ibe iMt of ArUiurA 
kaigbtar and wn.* B«nt by the dying km^ 
tr> tbfu*^ bis iword Excalibur ioto tfa« 
merr. Betnj^ caM in, II wu oiTij^^ht by 
an arm ^^dMlied in white samitt^" and 
drawn into the stmm.^ — lennyAon, Mvrte 

Tumyaon'i Matt^ ^Arthur if a Teiy 
ckae and in many fvrti a rerbal render- 
in ^ of tbv same Uk ia Ktr Thomaa 
Uajorr'i MvrUifArtAar^ iii. im (U7ti), 

Bedlam Beggars, lunatica or mad 
ACD belong ng to Beth lob cm IloipiUki. 
Tbi* institution wai defii^ed for six 
iDoaticn^ but m 1^1 the oum be r admitted 
waj forty 'tour, and applications were lO 
nun^rouj that many were djjimiased half 
enxcd. Tbe« ** tick etK»f -leave " mim 
ucd to wand^ about ai TAi^ranta, aiming 
'-mad Bongf '*and dressed I a the oddeat 
m^kt^T^ io excite eompaiiion. 

■#«■«» fcf iM Imm fn BnHiM. fend vOl Ulk ftmn- 
Ii Ite Mlk04 I^A. «F^>ll|r Eo l^to iriDM. «1ildi paLdv Iw 

of hb wtLL Ut faiii UiMilfr ..." nitn Ti]iyt."«nd ti 

SooH do na(liiii« bvt llni VOP iMiJaMd out or Liua 
0VIM bnuna; msida Witl dmcvE i^CtiaTWIIJ dot noiklEiA 
b« iithtf Iwi^ or WccfK ^ oiCbcn utm dogiHl . . . i>nd 
nrlAf but & mikil aoldjmnjr In a. bo^w? . . . wiSL mmi^ 
tl« Hrfwii« tjirau^ tmfn Ui <i¥i Uwtc wb»i. 'Uw? d»> 

MIUUL— DqUCTh IhHimam. qf £,««»rit(ivL 

Bed'ouiufl [ J^4j<f , K-jii*] , Bomtdlc tribes 
of Arabia. In common parlance^ *^ the 
homeless street poor/' Tims gutter 
children *« called ** DedDutna/' 

Bed'r^eddin' Haa'san of Baan'ra, 
aon of Nour'eddin' Aii gtutud »!zier of 
BMor% and nephew to Sebeiiis'eddin' 
Mohammed vi^ief of E^yjii, II ill beauty 
wa« Cmueendcnt and his tnlcnts ^f the 
Bnt order. When '20 yean old his 
father died^ and the iultaa, angiy with 
him for keeping ttom courts eonnscat^d 
all bis goods, and would hare s^izt^d 
Bedrcddin if he had not made bia eiicape. 
During slocp be was conveyed by fairii'S 
to Caini^ and subatttuted for an ti^\f 
groom (Hunch back) to whom bis couaiu, 
the Queen of Beauty, was to bave been max* 
ried. Next day be was carri^ off by the 
same nifranti ti> Dauin^u$, where be lived 
for ted years uji a f*fitry-couk* Sfarch 
was Iliads* for him, and Uke tK^arcb purty, 
baking outside? tJie city of Daniascus, 
sent for 5f»me cheetie-cake«. When the 
cbet'se-cake^ arrivedf the widow of Nour- 
eddin declftred that they mu^t have been 
made by her aon, for no one else; knew 
the secret of making them, and that ^b^ 
herself had tnu^^Jt it bim, Ou benxiDg 
tbU, the viiticr didcrod Bedreddin Ui Ij-o 
seized, ^Vfor making cheese-cakes with- 
out pepper," and the joke was carried nn 
till ibe party srriTed at CairOf when the 
pn,8try-ouok [irinLO was re-udited to hb 
wife, the Qucfo of Beaoty.^jli^6*uii» 
A%jAtif {*' N oil red din Ali/' ett%). 

Bed win iMm.}, bniisekeeper to 3lj. 
Brownlow, A kind, motherly soul, who 
lovcn Oliver Iwijit most dearlv. — C 
Dickt-ns, Oiiver Tvut (1537), 

Bee, The ancient Kg^ptlami eyoi- 
boliied their kingit under this cmbkin. 
The hi^rwfj iridicatcd the rewsrd they jp*r« 
to the meritorious, and tJie ttinj the 
puniiibment they awarded to th« a,U' 

Mm Ihi VvriiEteni mta by Ih* 
To u]»fMi U<«tr mtin^i Pu4«ii!iL 

a nut]*r, HvdUwm, HL L 

*^* In the empire of France the royal 
mantle und standard wi;re thickly bowb 
with gulden bees injtesd cjf " Louis 
doweiB." lo the tomb of Chirderic mon 


Hhta MO foldcn hef were dbetyreied In 
16511, BcDce the embkni of the French 

B^, an American word recentlj intro^ 
ducej Ut tigmty m competitive emurnii*- 
tumr thtii^— 

d Sptiim^ Bet ii « eompMiy mel to* 
gether la oomfielfl wiUt nich other to 

A SiMtQ Sm 11 ft e(»oif«D]r Msembl^d 
together to oompetc with each other in 
ftnpping th« hndu from the eui of 

A Mw n oal Bm U • eompftny aaeembled 
lofulher to compete with each oth«r in 
nnging^ or playing muiic "ei cigliit,** 
«lc,, de. 

B6e>line, the vtrmighteAt or ■horteet 
4&rta9oe between two poiDts. ThiB b an 
Atnt^can ejcpreaBion, equivalent to ** At 
T' • rviir fltcs \^ but crowi do Dot alwayi 
■ I a direct lioic, at beca do when they 
Bc«k cheir home:. 

Bee of Attica. Soph'oclfo the dra^ 
niaUM (n.c, 45^5-405). The ''Athenian 
1 IV waa Plato the philoeopher (ikc 

tMn fli ih« A«i.-.akf w ao^^l^ a i l— . 

BeeP&int^ tA)hy Qumtin MatiTi 

Ml thir mit^t r nf « fftllen aneel 

nainted by ' 1 1 wm ao life-luit 

that wii«'n -t returned to the 

atsidi' ten it away with 

hia p<> r. 

Beerm^ton {MtUtr)^ inbodoeed in 

Th* A'ufwrj. CiMiimir in a Toliah emi- 

- ■ ' rSoefln^jn an Eoglish ooble- 

^ y the tyranny of king John. 

■^I* tl** «UUflWk pliK»iii« i« MtfhM*— 

Bo'elzt-^ ted "prince 

of th«' 4» vil worshipped 

itt r.krtitii, M >..^ M <.»^ i'talUtinea (2 

/t'^krv/T t« $), and made by Milton socoiid 
to Satan* 


m. RonaAii ini}, 

JWi W, Sooit, J<i. u,-. , ..,t, 

G«n^ in.). 

Bel^'B*. ikw good fiUry of IfeaOan 
sTn* la maaomA to fiU tlkiir 



aboci and toekj with tova when Ihcy go 
to bed oQ Twelfth Nij^faL bom« oat 
entert the bedriKvm for the pitrpoae^ «ad 
the wakeful yoan^ten ery o«t« ^* Sooit te 
B^famil" AccoidiDg to kjifcnil, IkHuM 
waa too biuy with bou»t take 

be«d of the Ma^ when O 
their gifta, and eaid the v.^^^^ p..,|> for 
their return ; but they nrtf mcq , , 
another war, and B«Au» 9<nrf TvelfUi 
Nigbt watches tci ae« them* Th» 
a cormption of Ep^phamia. 

Beg ('* lord*'}, a title gcneimny givmi I* 
lieiiteaaata of prorineea under la* (^tasid 

at^Tiii>r„ liui rnr«jlv to «ii|ifvm# niiawa, 
O he Fcntan »* 

p.. i^-toHieir 

a« i,»^.»^. «^-,, , .. ^;, Uotnd 

etc.— ^ieldc% Tittoe a/ H*mo>itf^ vi. 

^ (CWIiiw), page to Fersni M'Wrtc, 
in Wmerlef, a nortl by tir W. 8ontl | 
(time, Geof)^ n,)« 

£^ (r»AAcirA)» MacGillie QiattanacVi j 
aecond at the combat,— Str W. Sooti,/ 
lii«r JMW o/ P«ra (time, Henry IT.). 

Beggars (Kimt ©/ (A*), 
Moore Carvw. He aneeeej 
r»itch (1693, 1780-1770). 

Beggar*6 Daughter "'-mm 

the bcfSK^r^fl daiij^rbter of : ita,** 

waa very beaulifiil, and w%» 4'ourT«d t^ 
four naiton at onoe— a kni^^t, a eomiixy 
aquire^ a rfeh merebaDt, and the loo oif 
an innkeeper at Romford. She tobl Ifif 
all they mafft flrnt obtain the eonaaoi «l 
her pcK>r blind father, the tfUEgv af 
BelhimJ Grven^ and all ilunk off except 
ibc ka^cht, who woit and naked teare to 
marry ** the pretty Be**?*.*' The beieenr 
gave her for a *' dot,** £.V>t><>. und LiVt 
for ber trouA.H^nu. end infonned tha 
knight that f ir) was Henry, i 

•on and heir n dc MontfortfJ 

and that he hau ui^cujswd himaelf aa i 
beg^r to cacape the vij^laoea nf i 
who were in oncst of nW thoff* i*ni*_^ 
on the barons '> ^c oi| 

Eveaham,— Pervy- 

The value of m<.t. . .. .^tefvaj 

timei more than ita i>r»«nt pan 
ra]oe, so that the ** dot ^ given waa eqn 
to £S6,000. 

Beggar of Bethnal 0r««n {TImy, 

a drania by S. Know1«a (fvraat ana fico* 
dured, \f^%). Bo»f, daiuchtarof Albvl. 
*'the blind bcg^r of Bethnai Qnm^ 
nil jntentcly lovea by Wlifdfd« who IM 






HIT ber in tlie itreeta oi Land on, uid 
after dili(^tit i^arcti, dis- 
ID thf Qaeen's Armn inn St 
RoMfoid. U tonud oul that bisr father 
Albert VM brother to lofd WoodriLle, 
ud Gilford »M ki< truAtit ioa, •o th»t 
Ben vas liift cousId. Queen Eli^abet^ 
, ttacLT nuptial^ a ad taok them 
r <nm C4)iiduct, (See Buxu,) 

Operm (The), hf G*y 
n727}r^Tke bepg&r is esptaiu MjichiAth. 

(For plot, I«« MAGH RATH.) 

Beggar's Petition (Ths), s poem 

I7 theRev. Thcmiu Most, iuini$t£r uf 
Wioly Hill And Tretithatn, m Sufford- 
■hiie. It "wms given to Mr. Stnart^ the 
printer, of Wolrertuunpton. — GentkmaA'M 
MagoMme^ lx%, 41. 

BeguixL^B [^«^-icttAr], th« eu-lieit of 
■U lay todetiea of women imit«d for 
rdigioas purpowes. Hnbani tajs th« 
Older received iu same from Bt. Begga, 
ihwghti^ of Fepint who founded il at 
Namor, in ^^S ; hot it 11 more Likely to 
be derived fiom k Sigm {^^tht Stotn- 
■lerer**) ; and if ao) it vaa fouaded at 

Beh'rftQif captain ef the ihip which 
waa to convey princ* AmmA to the 
"monntain of fire^" where he wn* to be 
offered ap m sAcriliecr. The tbip beioi^ 
driven on the ibnrei of queen AlHff^iA'nA'i 
kingdom, A»ud became her elnve, but 
was recaptured by Behram*! crew, and 
carried back to the ihip, Tke queen 
next day gave the ship cha^e. A^iad 
was thrown overboard^ and swam to the 
city whoice ht itarted. Behmm alflo 
was drifted to the tame place. Here the 
captain fell In with the prince^ and re- 
conducted him to the Dri^oiU dun^rin. 
Boeta'na, a daughter of the old ^re- 
worshipper^ taking pity on the prioce, 
released him; and^ at the end^ Aj^uuI 
married qnocn Marjinana. Hnftani) married 
prince Am^ci^d (half-brulher of Aa^d), 
and Bchraui, renouncing^ h\» reiigion, 
became a muiaulman, and enteri'd the 
service of AmKiadt who became king of 
the citv. — drwvm Ni/hU {** Amgltd and 

Bela'rinB. a nohleman and soldier in 
the army of Cym'beline f3 sW-) kin^ of 
Britain. Two villains havinir jswora to 
the king that he wm *' cnnfeJerale with 
the Romati.4/' he waj, banished, and for 
twenty years livH in a cave; but he 
stole away the twn itifant sona of this 
king «/ut of revenue. Their oamea were 

(juide'riu* and Arrir^agn*. When 1 
two princea were grown to maDhood^ « 
battle waa fought between the Eomani 
and Britons, in which C^-mbeltne waa 
made prisoner; but Bidanus coming t^ 
the tmcMt, the kiQc WEw liberated and 
the Homon general in turn waa made 
captive. BelariuB was now reconciled to 
C^ymbeiine, and prejentin|/ to him the 
two young men, told their Sitory ; wbere- 
itpon they were pubiiglv acknowledged 
to be the sons of Cymbelme and t^ncea 
of the realm. — Shaktispeaie, Cgmbelint 

Belch (Sir TcAy}^ uncle of Oh via 
the rich coaotc»s of Tliyria. He ia a 
reckless roisterer of ^e old school], and 
a friend of air Andrew Ague-cheek.— 
Shakespeare, Tti^iftk Nigki fl6M). 

BelcouT, a foundling adopted by Mr. 
Belcour, a rich Jamaica merchant, who 
at death left him all bis {^rroperty. He 
was in truth the ioi* of Mr, ^tockwelt, 
the clerk of Belcour, senior^ who cUa- 
destioely married his master's daughter, 
and afterwards became a wealthy mtP' 
chant. Cm tbe d«atli of old Belcour, the 
young man cume to England as the gnest 
of hta unknown father, fell in love with 
Mi»» Dudley T and married her. He was 
hot-blooded, impulaive, high-spirit«ljand 
generous, hm very faiilts ^rvioj^ as ■ 
foU to hia noble cjualitiefi ; ever enl^ and 
repenting, ofTeuding and atoning for hia 
offences.— Cumberlaadj 17^ HW Indian 


BelBd, one of the six Wise Men of 
the East, lead by tlie guiding star %o 
^JesuB. He wns a kiag, who gnvu to hia 
enemy who sought to dethrone him half 
of bi^ kingdom, and thuj* turned a fi>e 
into a fa»t friead.— KJopatoek, The Me$- 
siaA, V. (1747). 

Belen, the moul St. Btichael, m 
Kormandy. Here nine druidesses us^d 
to sell arxowH to sailors " to charm away 
storms. " Thew arrows had to be dia^ 
charged by a young man 2fi years eld. 

Belef nut, the lady whom Dnrandarti 
served for Aeven years a* a kuight-errant 
and peer of France. When, at length, 
be died at RoneesvallDs, he prayed his 
cauiiiiu Monteai'noa to carry his heart to 




Wi tfi« qvtIM la btif Iwnl > fie# Uocit ekitik. iwibkiBtiic 
* hiwt Hnntn^ciiH iAfomHd na IBaI Ibli M? «M 
liiiiiB ■ -^Carffltt^, Am y«UAK^ IL IL « llBajk 

Beie'sea (3 syf.}, « QuldAAn lo^th- 
Mver Knd A»!tyriftii fwirsK wJui told 
Arbft'c<3 (3 KvL) j^ov^^mor of Ite'dui, tinit 
ht! wotjild tmt d&v sit od tbc tltf^nc <ilC 
Jfipeveh afld Aif Syria* Hti |ir0filic«y 
e^mt Imci ^^nd Bclcu^ mm. nrwKnted 
with the piivemniont of Ii*by loo*— Byron, 

Belfkb orac, the pal»e» of th« tm- 
frf^ror r»f I.illi|»ii(.^ m the mifldle ot 
llildendo, the metrorjoht of the «m|^]r^— 
fcwtft, Ch*//-r*TV rrciPtfJ!* ('•Voj-tije to 
LiiUpiit^" 172*1). 

Bel'fleld (^rp/A^f). Tbe *lil#.T 
brother in a eq^uir^ in Ccniiwall^ licirothvd 
to ^uphill (daughter of fir TicnjAttitn 
Dove), who loves his yotiBgrr broth pf 
liftb. Tlie younger brotbeir li dnireii 
to 9ca b}' Uie cni«Tty **f tbt tqulm,^ liut do 
his return reiM*w» hia ftcqiiftintuice with 
Sophiii. He ii iaf^nned! of her uT5wiliinii? 
betmtbiJ tct tJbe «Ider brf^ther, wlxti ia 
iJrettdv uiArrifid in Violctta^ but |Mirtc4] 

wtme ikip ta Bob Ikiripid, Iwiviine* 
tecDtjdtLed t& her huiiibuid, ftnd the 
VOtin^er lif other tiiarrieifi ;M>|:ibJa.— Ikich. 

¥l#il'tf>rd. a ffltmi of 1^yp\mu-^ ^2 jrf//.l. 

Itw4 ana prt.dii}^«, fit«««l«ed3Cot tnoi 
rfbi'IlioDi, ara called ui i^ripiiuc "^^ Mm ol 

l>w|>t I—mi. mi m 

*^* B^tai in«3us» **ll&» Uwl^ oo*^" 
lliat ia, uJii!' Ml' ht» put! ao imtiBicn, eo lu« 
evil |m){ii'n4iti«ii< 

Belia'iufl of 0rei»oo (ikm), tlM 
htro <E»f An old rntnoiict of chWaifj ttn Uu 
modd Ltf viM'(i^iJ ^ Ganii^ 1 1 wju uii« tif 
the book* isi don QuiituU-*! tibc»rv. ti»it 
WM i)i»l i^« of tbiMiv burnt by ibe ctiN a4 
pcrnkioufl and w»rthl«iMu 

■' pan |U4ikAl4,' aht ttwc^-iNl ^'«ttli tti f*^ Cli*f»,M4 
Kmr pmm, h^h imMi of » itev «f iftiilMr^ to jMnv i# 
faBia«B«r^i«*^«teUilw lijfetflMiri. Ib&Hto 

imimiimA Tftte «M« «• wmM ^mm %1m Into tt 

■PtqWliiW W W fHKl ilv «i«atd» 4t iMOfM. IW 
doB lidluiiB boiH vlih fvH. ApJ Jnm blm Ib fka 

«0Dai>femELBiL'^^>£miit««v itm (/MijA4«v 


(An Kn^lisb AbridgTueot of tMi i^ 

Belinda, niece and compankii of 
U'^v .luhn iJnit*, TouaiTt p*^y, fail of 
fun, and {HijJsessed nf £Hl,UW. lltftrt^ 
free marries ber.^^Vanbrugh, TJkg Jh^o- 
toJkd Wifa (ltS&7), 



vofth^ ikoT«l <rf the wme mme* 'fbe 
•Iqcct of 0ke lale ii to nwkfi thi! rud«r 
/W whM te good, «im1 |Nii«ie it (I80a). 

Bdm*4»t > lodgii|g-hoiu« »ervanUgirIf 

mi ilimrd Is ob^eiTvtion. She mmrritid, 
and Hr. Middlemck the batter-man 9et 
bCT l^iLsbuid up m ba«ine»? in thft butter 
JiBe.~lL J, Byron, Our £foyf (1875). 

Beline (f liy'^)^ wcffiid wife of Argmn 
tbt lu^ifjdlt miijimaiFf^ and atep-ai other 
of AJUielw^ wbfim »be hatea. IkUcke 
teocb 'tr love Arfcui dcvotedlj, 
i«[ak<kan hira m all bb irhtms, caLLi him 
*' jBcni flU|" Aod makea him believe thai 
if bft wetc to di« It would be the deatb of 
hei^ Toinette indoco Arg&n to put thette 
•pceion p^rolcsftatioiis to the teil by pre- 
Icvdm^ to be dead. He doei ko'^ and 
when B«!iii« ent^rt the mom, instead of 
deploriztg hea- lo«a, ibc ene« to equity : 

E Ii iiMV^ MiMapiropr*, iUti:4UBl - ^ . 


Sbe tfaes oroeeedj to nnaaok the rotm 
for boad*, leaies, mud moavy ; but Arpin 
ff£aft9 up and tells her she hiks taught him 
of>t tueful leaaoiQ for life at xny rate.— 
llHti^re, £<* Maliidi! Imijinain (1673), 

BeEB&'rius, tb« pr«t«t of Jtiati- 
waii'a j^eoefm] a. Beiriic Accused of trraaon, 
he WM deprived of all biei properly, and 
bi« eyes were put out. In tbii Jtkte he 
rctiied to ConsUettioopLe, where be lived 
by befEgio^, The ilorr tAys b«! fastened 
a Label to hii hat, contaiaioiir thcKe woidji, 
*' ti^ifie ma i/>d/iij to poor old licimartvsJ" 
llAnnontet b^ wnttni « tale called 
ii^rfiAiirr* which ha^ bel|«i to perpeiuftt^ 
theie ^ble»t orifnnally inrcnted by 
JxH^im cir i jraio*^ a Greek poet, bom at 
CuvatjintiDo|ile m 1 j20. 

Beliae (^ fv^)» sister of Philaminte 
(3 iyf.J, Aod^ like her, & fermne tatimL\ 
She iiEiBgise« that erery one ia in love 
with h^.~Moli: re, Lc* Fcmmes Sataaies 

Bell (Adam}j a wild, north-countn* 
outlaw, Tint«d, lik« Robin H<tod, for hfe 
•kill in archery. Hia ptorc of refidenre 
waa En^lewood Forest, near Carlisle { and 
hia two comradea were Ovm of tbe 
Cloo^ [Clemmt of m Qm and Wil^ 
Ham of Clmidealy (a ttfC), William 
vai marti«dT but Uie otlier two were n(»t, 
WiMi Williaifi wa« «aptur«d at C^rtisk 

■od wmi led to execution, Adam tad 
Clym rescued him, and all three went to 
London to crave pardon of the king, 
which, at the qucen*8 intercession, was 
granted then). They then showed th« 
kjag s^N^imens of their skill in archery, 
and the king was so well pleased that he 
made WilUam a "gentleman of fe,** and 
the two otJber-j yeomen of the bed-cham- 
ber,— Pen:y, Reiiques ("Adam Bell." 
etcO, I. ii> i> 

B€il (B&mf), Bessy BeU and Mary 
Gray were the daughters of two country 
geDUetnen n^ ju* Perth. When the plague 
brtthe out in 1666 they built for them- 
eelTCfl a bower in a very romantic spot 
caJl«d Buna Hraes, to which they retired, 
aod were i^up plied with food, etc., by a 
ynung man who was in love with both of 
them . The y oung man caught tiie placni^ 
con] muni rated it to the two young laoies, 
and all three died. — Allan Ramsay, Bensy 
Bdl ami Marii Gray (a ballad). 

BelL Anne, Charlotte, and Emiiy 
Bmnt^ aiiAumed the noms de plume ot 
Aetoo, Currcr, and Ellis Bell (firet hall 
of tJte nincUM'nth centur>). Currer Bell 
or Brontd married the Kev. Arthur Bell 
Kidholls, Sbe was the author of Jane 

It will be observed that the initial 
letter of bntli names is in every case pre- 
served thfocigbout — Acton (Anne), Currer 
(Charlotte), Ellis (Emily), and BeU 

Beti (Pftn-), the subject of a "tale in 
verse " by AV.Tdsworth. Shelley wrote a 
l^nrlesque upon it, entitled Peter Bell the 

Bell Battle {The). The casus belli 
was this '■ Have the local magistrates 
pow^r to illnw [>ari8h \>e\\a to be rung at 
their diacrcti'~'n, or is the ri^ht vested in 
the fmriirib i lergj-man ? This squabblo 
was carried <m with great animosity in 
the pariah of Paisley in 1832. The 
clergyman, -Tr>hn Macnaughton, brought 
ttie f|ue*^h4;<n before the local council, 
which gave it in favour of the magis- 
trates \ but t}ie court of sessions pave it 
the other way, and when the magistrates 
granted n permit for the bells to be rung, 
tbe court isftui'd an interdict against them. 

For nwrtr twa }'i»n the PaUJer bell battle wm fouf^ 
with ilMi 11«T>cm( 1' tJ. It mu the mb)ect of erory political 
omtlnl. tb« I]iMii« of erriy board, the goadp at tc»- 
tabl^ atid dOinpr partirA. and children delighted in 
chaliLliuoia iLg^ ^-ila " I'ltfase to rInR the bell" (Mi^l^ 

Bell-th^-Cat, sobriquet of Afchibaid 




r lfliVilnd"« 

DoQglaa, gre]il^-«Arl of Aogiu, who died 
in UU, 

Hm mtc*. Wllif iWMcl) Mbimi kf Ml* MfHMlttDM «f « 
CM. rto^^«d (Uftt « hiJl rfMMlii b* iMit^ AlMMi luv ll«Gk «c 

lacaincll. ta>taa««f thaaMVr mk 
■Willi ittJviBka la Ml llM catf ~ 1 
iMi ^bl» to • «oiiiidl of touch boMhl oMt io 
■pribMl «»• ObcttQiin. JlrchlbaM DoukIm itutail ar^ ui4 
vdl I * and b«ic« Um tulirtijun 
1 to —Sir W^ Scott, rM«t Hjr « «M«i4/i»r4«r. 

Bella (7^«ff Evfnifyf), a poem bv T. 
lloor«» set to music, taint to the belli of 
Aflhbourne pnrkh church, I>etbyihire, — 
A/'alKMui Air*, K 

<fi<//i ( To ihoAi! oiv'*), to defy, to n- 
wint, tn iKjt up onc*B lnwrk. TheoJluffion U 
t. V ' ' K<'llBticdt^»thcfe4itof bAwk». 
; \ht bawks were towed, they 

v^ • d At the souDd of the bellA| 

«ad tauk W aight 

Dm tflr • «tni ir Wanilcll 9bmk* kit IvOt. 

/}«//!, Scvra belli (h«, h^lf-piMt 7), 
brwkfMt'tiine ; «i{rbt belU (t.^*. uooa), 
dioner<Utn» ; thnw ueLU {Le, hml!*pMt h)^ 

£ti/ki belli (the hi^^hcst niimb^'r) iirc 
fxok^ %t noon und every fuiirlh hour 
tHuummnim, Tbua Lha;^ Jire euunded ml 
\% 4j iJid 8 nVltML'ik. I*t*r all other mrtit 
of tJie dttv Rn Krm nijrtiU>.r nf ut'llss 

U 4 Ih 


beiLf, ii oclo«k ia <> 
Air«in, 4^ i« t 1m?11, 

;4 j^,il*iJ. 

b<n«. ti 

Of, 1 Ul* ,v.,. 
:2 belli found At 1, 


5 b«ll« noun' J 

•t«.71 Hi 

HoIIb tolled Buck wards. Thb 
■ ' uted 


,uUuu iL VkUJ Liic c:iii 
Ronoo ttuUttd Hkilmch 

Bella Wilfer. ftlovdy, wilful, livdy, 
spoilt dAfling^, who loved every ooe, mx\A 
whotti erery one loved. Sbt msjmt»i 
Job a RokeiDiith (ue, John lUrmon),--C 
Dick«Di, ihtr Mutual Frtcttd (It^M)^ 

Bellamy, s sUiftdy y< 
ing oot for a wife '*^ciip%l 
Jove, &Dd teodcmets, vi 
enough to be easy, ntt 
enough to like him." Ht 
ideal ia JncinthA, who h 
fortUQc of £30,000,— Dr. U<»»iUy, 
3^pNNbcM MuJbami (1761). 


Eujihn^iA, vr! 

pure) thftt shf 1 

prince Phila«U'r, wbom nlie g^rpjitly iov'ed. 

— Lkaumont aud FleU'hrr, PhtiasUst w 

Love licM a^lmidinjf {]C»T2), 

BeVlaMUm (ladjj), a pmflif^mte, froa 
whom TotlJ .Kifii'^ mj ini* -HtporL H#tf 
enndttct and b« ecm- 

sidcrcd a iuh ,.< ** bcau- 

tie***oft! \v — I'icldiiiif, 

JJtitory ^niJlmif ( I T^ViJ. 

to FruQCe, sitnilAr to 

BeUe the Qiant. U it mM iUi 
!hf ^fuii Belle ttuMmifd ofi bii ««i^ 
.M^e at a place aioGe railed inoiuit 

rrrl. He Icnped omt rmU^ slid th« apot 

I was called WauUn 

kc leaped a »ccuiid 

. ., . lJ' '* tjlifst dli " hta 

sil; io ih md 

ths ii[K»t rcccjvcu uic uAiiiy oi LH^ ili«* 

Belie'B Sf--*—™. (n»f). n» 
'♦betlo" b I ly» and hir 

ttrnti^rtm wn r nf wtnnJuc 

th<' the bad 

bi< uf btle^ 

bi'Lj .■_ . ... jjtagaltuK 

hcfi wi she ijtHft unknown lu him to • 
BHW4aeradei| whers Doncui»t falli i& km 



■ : lire 

M-K a 

nanif of 

lioy*s ap- 

tlie sefiric« of 

Bella Cordiere (/>j). Loniat Ijkb«, 
who married Eanemond Pcrrlni m wttbhj 
ft>t>c-maker (16li!^1666). 

Belle Corisandje lLs}t Diuit eon- 
te»M dt Giiidie sit d« unnDmoDt {lAfri* 


France (X^), a pf4 wtr of 


BmjpoBTAnn L i 

*aib **tb* bnxiufnJ i(ttiw4Rf»r." Jn order 
U* omgamm*^ the ntaiTug« tfi hil 
diitgibx£jf Mr. Hftniy pretcntti lo be **^ck 
knto dtslh,"' tnd t^!Seeabe« Dnrkourl to 
vi^d Letiti& before tie dies. L^tida 
IM«|| ber betrothM In ber niasquenJe 
dnm, ubd unboamled wm tbe jay of Ibe 
to fiud that "the bcaatiful 
ii the hbdj to whom he hu 
bed.— Mw* Cowley, Th^B^tU'i 

Bellafontalnd ( JititRiibl), the wealthy 
Iknner of Gmod Pi^ (Nima Soviia] and 
Iktiwrof Erati^vliae, When the ]Dh«bit> 
IDtl of llU rilljige were dritifin mt& «xiief 
Beoedkt di«d <»f » broken bevt Ai he 
vu mboot to emimric, tad wm bttried 
CQ the i ca e b orc— Longfellow^ Evanfjeitna 

Bellendan (X<*^^ Mmm^)^ ftn old 
Ton |*dy, KiMRH irf thA Towei of TU- 

r>iJ m^per JfiSEi* B^fknden, brother of 

Mkt Siitk Btikmden, graoddmAigliter 
«t Udy UATSArvl, betrothed to loid 
Erendftle, of t£e king^i mmf , but in love 
witb Mortou (a leader of tbe coTcnanter^, 
u4 the bero i^f tbe novel). After the 
dnth ef lord EvendoJe, vtho ii ahot by 
Hilfotir, Edith niuriiss Morton, vid tbiA 
tETnunates the t«le.— ^ir W. Scott, Did 
Mariaiiiy (bm«» ChMrles IL). 

BelJjv^oplioiau hri (if GlaoeoA. A 
Uml of Joiephf who refused tb«^ iLnioToafl 
wlkHatioQi of Anta^ wife of Pi^toa (2 
Mf.) kiag of Argoft. Antea ecctued hiEQ 
OT BtteBiptin^ lo ditboniMir her, mud 
Fncto» lent aim into Lycia with letters 
dMlfiEig faii dcftniction. Accordingly ^ 
be waa Hi tevera] enterprises ftiU of 
haiard, which^ however^ he ffoimounted. 
In btct- tife be tried to mount np to 
fcaim on tbe winged hoirae Pejgwiif, btit 
fell^ and wandered about the Alei'an 
piiou lall be di«d.^Honieri liiadt vL 

LeiUrM of Bdktophm, a tfeadiettmi 
ktler^ brttendlnj; to rKommend the 
tnarer bnt in reality denoitncinj; htm^ 
like the lett^ eeot by Prajtoi to the ki^tg 
•f Lydih ref] nesting him to kill the 
Wuer (Beller;>phi»n). 

Pacba'fia!^ the Sparten, tn Miirea»on- 
rikle eprfe«pondence with Xemu, lent 
•vrvril mch letter. At lAst the hearer be- 
Ibonght that none of t^e perBons lent ever 
Mnmed, aad opening the letter found it 

>_ BKLUCniT. 

contained direct imi a for hi« mm dntlw 
It VM fthown to the cphnr!*i and Paufljiiu 
In alarm Med to a temple, where ho wjui 
rtarved to death* 

De Lact, h^iug mtA by kinK John 
ai^DEt r>e Conrcy, waa informed nr two 
of the terranta that their master aiwaya 
laid anide his armonr on Good Friday, 
De Lacy made his attack on that djiy, 
and Bcnt iN; Gourcy pri^cmer to lynndon. 
The two servantfl now aaked De l*acy for 
paaaports from I reland and England, and 
De La(^ gave them LeHerA <>/ Beilfrtjphfm^ 
eathortitJit "all to whom these prwenti 
eotne to epit on the fac» of the oeartrs^ 
driTe them forth as houndft^ nad use ibem 
ai it behoved the betmyeffi of their maatei* 
to I* trt*ted/'— Cmi^ of EngliMk Ha- 
t&Tjf C^^ (Jonqu«t of Ireland ")> 

Bdi^&phcm (4 9^L}t the Engliili aan- 
of-waj- tinder the command of captain 
Haitian d. After the battle of Waters 
loo Bonaparte set fiiat for Rochefordi in- 
teodio^ to seek refiigre in America^ bat 
the Bmhrophan being in aight and escape 
Impoifiible, he miide a virtue cf neccssaity 
by itirretideriQg himself^ and wae forth- 
with conveyed to England. 

BeUe^ros, a COmish piant^ whenot 
the Land's End i» called Bellerinin* 
MiUon in bim Lycuhf sugfireatB the pof^ 
aihility that it^lwanrl Kin;;;, who WU 
dmwned at sea, mlKbt be flopping near 
Be fieri urn or the Land's End, on mount 
*St. Iflichael, the upot where the i^rcba^gel 
appeared, and ordered a church to ba 
built there. 

Wlietfl lltB icnal Ttahia uff ilw fiaudnl matini 

Belleiir'fr companion of Pinae and 
Mirabel (*^* the wild gooee **), of atoni 
blunt temper; in love with Hovalu^ni. 
a daughter of Nantolet. — hMunnvnt and 
Flei-;hcr, Th^ WM Gttox Chasg (JG.V2>. 

BeUtcent, daughter of GnrloTi lord of 
Tinta^'il BiQd his wife YgiimS or tj^ema. 
Aathe Widow luarried Utherthe pendragon, 
and waa then the mother of kioi; Arthur, it 
follows til at Ikllicent was half-iister of 
Arthur. Tennvs4JTi In Gar Ah and LufnetU 
8»yi that I^eUicent w»jr the wife of Lot 
king of Orkney, ind mother of Gaw'ain 
and Mordred, but thia is not vn accorUariee 
either with the f^hronide or the bUtory for 
Geoffrey in bis Chrvmd^ *ay» that Lot'i 
wife was Anne, the sister (not half* 
cbter) of AithttF (Ttii* »»l| 21 J » ^d ab 



Afihitr, tt3^R : 

r>, Boiicic*nJt, AfUr Ihjrk. 

i n Mijatfit for tvs ^vtii i,t tL MViri^ WWtfWi, 

f cwb|4> «r hoolrinl ni^ti. ujJ ^^ Iw MdtT mav^^ 

■*elft fur '^ Iteimlid " »e IL* lUf «ttiHw— IftMr l^^i, 

BaltliSAQt, visiter ("f kin^ P»i>iBi of 
Fran«.v *nd wife of AlcxftOfltf «rpervr 
of OQSU&tlitic«i>1p, BetJk^ •qouwhI r4 
Intiddilv, the ermperor banulMd h^t* Mid 
•h« twit refujF* in « r%i| fvrcfL. wherft 
ibe b«wiie tJie mf^tJur of TilrotiDe »o4 

BeUmoat (S'^r n^ii^/iiM), filbfr of 

ftod heftdilir/Dg. lie inuifdiieA it if tk« 
dtit}' of A >oti io eubmlt to hi? father » wIU, 
eirca in the cnAiUf of amtntiionr. 

Qmttfe Bfilmonif »&□ **f flir \illliuiit in 
Ickre with OmriBsa, hb fritnd Iteverkf "» 
riiter; but bis fitther demands of hitii !« 
miiny BelitirJA Bla^di^ard, the troth -plijErht 
wifeVf Ikreflcy, UltiiuAtely lil co'cnef 
tiffbL^A. Mttrijby^ AU m 't^ Wrung 

Bftynionid, wboin the deligfati in 1 

Bdmemi (Andrns)^ Ihe «ld«r cf ^tm 
btr«illti?ni, whtt f^ATrie^ YioMU (an E«|eUHb 
Udy iHim in Lii»lnMnJ» mud 4^»entdhn. 
lie then promiftM mArrtM^ lii La^ 
WAt^m, thfi diiii^'htirF uf ucs* of bn 
ItOAaii, bui bad eu ktitmiiaa of i»iaik»(^ 
Itif kti wEftw At thr ft»fnii litti«| be «* 
^KjL'i^t Ktmw-Tf id Stiphit, tb9 daOf^iiUs of 
!^'Vt, Tli^ dtf v^ lb* 
■nd It wvA l^flB ii»* 

iti6<ri MsiMi. dM jp«»iiB|^ «# Ike 
two braOMiVt Id kin witfc 8o|AIa £>«•«. 
tl« nrvnt »i> ie» Ifi ft iiovstet nadir 
(»{itiiin Irc>njide, bU nii^f*:. mnd #hMi|prf 
bii n&me ici L««iiAii. T1l» ns«| vm 
wnecked oq tbi Coinvriill cnMi, ami be 
Tti>ew«d bifl ufituiiitotiiriv witb, So|ibiA^ 
bitl bisid ibtti •it« wm mg^^^ m n»f • 
Hif!« ti) bit brolfaef . Ai, Itoif eT«r» fl *m 
|rroved th&t his brotber wsj lUfokJt 
marn«d:,Uiie youaj^ lady wiilin^h* &b4iv- 
doned th* eider iot the Toiiii|i;er Wotltcr. 
— IL Ci*mberbiDd, JA* iJralA^r* (IJdS*), 

oiftn nbout town,— Congffsrfc TSCr 

Betmow (MnX i. widmr fltf •* ■ 


«an«s, cold, pftAHionk^aa, c^rfBCi^ And 
ftfoa^miiidefL Amoret » tJie " Veniu^" 
bal withoul tth« licenUoitsnfM of ttuit 
taddiMi^ w^rm, loving, mother] Vi fttid 
vtidj. SeltAobe «r>a ft Lily ; Amoret ■ 
ttm^ BclplnbS m. mwmh^iaB., light wiLh- 
9Bt bcftt ; Amofet ft tiuibeatn, bhijbt and 
wm 4114 Ufc-gtriiic. Bel pJ^b4^ would 
gQ ti» tiu twUle^fieldf sod mmke & moHt 
■dminble nunc ot liLdy-eoiiductor of «a 
ftmboXkSM ; bnt Amoret would pmfet to 
look ftfuir her huBbuid ajid fmrniLy^ whoAc 
vaifoit woiild be her fint cajt^ ftod 
«fjM« love ihe would leek mad largely 
SK^pfooele. — Bmt Sp^aa&, Fiiirtf Qwvn, 

*«^ '' B«I|i1m»M " U queen Elizsbctk. 
Ai HMii dit !■ Glorium, but u w^ci^inafi 
ibcu BclpbcebAi the beautlf ul &Dd chA»te. 

. ^^JBT Q u w tfm 

iKliao to 1:4. ULIu 

Beltad Wili, lord Williftm Howard, 
mdm of the we«tem mardio (i6€3- 

H^ la « lini«l u4 Atddsd 

Balteu'ebfofi (4 t^L). Amidia of 
Gul uvnmes the nfttoe w1i«i be retifn to 
Ot Poor Rock, after reci!hnngj % erwel 
btter from Oriii''na his Iftdy-love. — Vrbco 
df Lobein, Aminiii t^ Giadj u, 6 (before 

Om^lhm ^ 4lhMiiA«il|li« N*lti»H]H wklch t^t 
ia» mt» «f fett iffU -ide^ «aa«ui7« ind low, 

■te^ tilt HM Of «!«- 

BelTide'ra^ daoffhter 0(f Prinli & 
uior of Tenii^, She wu siT«d fit»m 

&e i» by JaJSer^ el(«p«d with bimf and 
Dftrried bim. Her father Uien dtflCAfded 
her, and htt bu^ba&d jmn^ the con^ 
nitmej of Pierre to mtirder the senator- 
lie tdU Delvidcra of tJbe plot, and 
Jl«trid«a, m order to lave her father, per- 
nado Jaflier to rtveal the plut to Pnulit 
if he win promise ft penetml fr«MS p*rdoo* 
Priitlii ^ves the re^^uired promijie, but 
^>twithfltandiDg| all the cooepintor?, ex- 
cejjt Jftffier, are oiodemn^d to death hy 
tofftDA, J^jfier fftabe Pierre to Niro him 
fnom the diBhonour of the wbceli and 
am kJlla himHlf. Bdviderft goes mod 
i^ dieft. — Otwav , V^ma Prvtert^^ (imiU 

Wm ta«f (« <firtct Dtf 

M 0n)f«llili* Ni n* 

IW-lrni H' 


(Th« ftetof Booth itsed to ipeik Ib 
apturte of Mi%. Porter'ft '* Bdvideta." It 
obtamed for Mm. Bftrry the title td 
/dTDOttj; Miw O'Neill and Mjm [lela 
Faucit were both great in the aame puiL} 

Ban [L&oEAtiJ, lir Sai»p«oti Legend'! 
younger ftoo, a tailor and a " lea^wit,** 
ID whose eompoittion there enters oo part 
of Llie conventjoaal [c^erosJt)* and opem 
fmokoesa of a British tar. Ili3 iLvu 
phnu^c 15 ** DVe s&i," and hii pet oam 
"Meaa!**— W/Con^iev«, Xow /<3r Lovt 
(16%). I mmoi a§n« with tho foUow- 
ing tkefcch 1^ 

■u^but ft uJeed of mlin . . , &4n»H9 CKi«biklii4l4HI «! 
ftQ Lha IMUlnb at a. mH^t fluncttr, hJ4 eoalwnjrf. sf 

iiaawiiiiiiiiiil ban IwmMT . . . W* nnv fhinl^ u» 
v«ni If BH EkU, wbdttatfeiulBuiTDaliiididi^ 
IW.-C. t«k. 

■fl; " ir Om dwalWlf^D irf Tb«EL DgnMfa 
» of Ikli dandxr 1» eumcl. Urn wt tiM 

ilim U) Aitr (£(sn» of 

Ben larael (iVafAoa) or Katlian 
beo Samuel, the phyBiclan and friend 
of l*aae tht Jcw.^^ir W. Seott, /c^cmAot 
(time, Rj chard U)» 

Ben Joc^aaaa, in the eatire of 
Ab^om and Aehitoph^i^ bj Drydeo and 
Tate, b raeaat f«r the Rev. SiMUud John* 
■on^ who ■uffercd much pcTsecution ft>r 
bl» defence of the ri^'ht of private judg^ 

IM tl^Hnm, n^Fr let bait prodota ■ iiiui 
io Duda for mlvhuf wm Ban Jocfauyui, 
A iew at iiDmbte pnnlas* im ht. 
ft; tnlU k IdTlia. tbiim^ of liiW ili«r«i. 


Benai'ab (B a^L)^ m AkvtJfm amd 
Achitopheij is mefint for pjipneral Geor^ 
Edwjiid Ssckville. ha Benaiahj captain 
of David'i guard, (nlbered to Solomon 
against Adonijah, eo ^eneriil SackTil]« 
ftdhered to the dtike of Yi:>rk agamet tfat 
prince of Orange (t5&0-l<s52). 

«at tmn B«i Klah ft w>,mh larvAijtn It*. 

or i^m1|' nul mtttn. public itiirrnj w«rv falpfa^ 

LlT^deiri ui4 Tn^. put 01 

BenmslLar or Beunaakar, tt 

WMltJbiy merchant and magrrian of DelMi 
-^famei Ridiev, Tales of the GtrtiM 
(" Hiitory of MaLhoud,'' tal* vn., l7ol). 

Benbo'vr (Adma^). In an entpg«i| 
ment with the F'rench near i^U Martjaa on 
the SpaniBh coaat in 1701, admired 
flenbo^^ had hie le^« and thighs ahiTftred 
icto HpUnten by chain-Bhot, but supported 
in a woodeo frame be reiu&ixied on tha 
quarter-deck till morning, when Da Caa^i 
^r€d off, 

gimijjir aeto of kcroiim art iccordfld of 



Mm&fdm the Poitutfiieii foranior oi 
IhMkf of C> iift'proB broihcr of th« po«i 
JUcbrloif iif Jufcfer the itoocUnl-bHtftr 
of ** Uie ftfophH " in tlie t>aiU« of Mats, 
«iid of •omc otbert. 

Bmbtfw^ an idle, generoiu, fTf!«^«nd- 
Mwj lOt, who Btietit » good it&faerttaoc« m 
diwipiitioa, and endea Life in th« wark* 

r of 

Wm Jutygd M aw to Jut uTfr^Mdihtp | 
AMI lii i« liitofteM f» bhwilf ftloM. 

Ben'dexueer', a river that iloin tie^r 
the mint of Chirmijaar' or Istacbar^, in 
the |>ra¥iace of Chiisisuo in Petiia. 

B^ad-the-Bow, ao Engliah Mcher 
■t bickaoD'f eotta|^.-^tr W. Scott, 
CaaUt Dm^^«tSM9 (timef Heoiy 1.)* 

B^n^iT^'-V - irild, witty » n-' <-•-*_ 
heaftc^J "f Padua, 

«xlibac' ill Ior<? wi' 

and ituLrricd her. It f'^l 
wcat uo a visti to Lt^on 
MeasiQA ; hrrv he sc<:^ 
fforernor't niece, as wild and wiUy aa 
mmaellL hut he diliJtkea her, thiuka ber 
ptrt and forward^ and »omewbat 1 1 1 •man- 
Qcred withal. However, he heart Ciaudio 
•fjciAkitik' t" T^onato about Beatricef 
*rt ahe loirea Benedickt 

ar r ao oice a i^rl should 

ht^^m, II. i [••^»iv With Dnrequitcd love. 
Thia conten^Uou w«s a mere rase, btrt 
Beocidiek beUored it to U true, and 
rttolTfid to reward the lore of Beatrice 
with lovf Mid marriage. It ao happened 
Ihai BeatTiec had bm entrapped by » 
aimiiar cooversatioti which Ahe nad over- 
heard frotn her couain Her»5, The eod 
«a» Ibcy atnoereiy loved ««ch othrft and 
ttoiwi nail and wife. — ShakeatMKare, 
Jfnoft 4ift> ab(mt 3fcihimj (160u), 

Benodict [BvLLKFQ^rAijvicJf ih« 
wc«lthi«at farmer nf f^nnd Pth*, m 
Acadia, father of I [<nde 

of the vilUge"). rnan 

t%t :ii hi.!*' .1* ;iii ,- iraa 


i Pi# 

In tbt mid, mad Iba «xika lefl tSidr 
TiUage booies for ef- 
fm/Wtue (1»I9). 

Benefit-Play, T1» (tnt artivn ia* 
dnliced with a benefit-pUv waa lln. 
EUxnbeth Barr>' (um-USSiA), 

Ben'en^l'i (Cirf ffmu^f}, tho bypw 
theticaJ Uoortah ch r fn whoa 

Canraiitut pc«lenda Che a«- 

oottnl of the adv«Bluri . ^uixoCa. 


lUfftefkjtti { Cid Uaimt), Thoroan B«bici|^ 
ton lord Macaulav. Hu ugnatttrv tn tu4 
Froifmeni of wt AwactU Bummot (iSM|« 
(JieeCit>, etc) 

B©noVoltt8, in Cooper*! Tatk^ \b 
John Courtney ThruckasortoUt of WMlnw 

Benjie \LiWA. or Benjamitt Cbl- 
thred, a - d by CrisUil Nixon, 

the a^em Uetl— Sir W. Scott, 

Rcdjauntiri iiium'. uivfjije Iil.)» 

Ben'Q0t iBnAher), a mooh •! St 
Mary's convent,— Sir W, Soott, 2^ 
ifcm^ut^ry (time, EUxabeth). 

Bm'mei (J/rj,)^ a derame, hiMfoia^ 
wr/man in ilifw/Mi., a noirel by Fiddiof 


Ben'oiton {Madamti)^ a woman who 
ha« been the rain of the family by negleeV 
In the ^*faiiiille Benoiton" the constant 
que4>tioa waa *^ Ok est Madamgf^ and tfai 
invariable answer ' * ElU tti aoHk* '* At tho 
diKiiotMinrfU the question ww ukad aipiliii 
and tha ant wer waa varied thui, ** MidaW 
has b«en at homcif but ia gone oiil ^guib.** 
— Z<i Famiiit JS^iioftirm, 

Ben^flhiOe, ttie domrstlc vplrfi ar 
demon of ccr 'ea. Tht 

benahee tako > i rnepciiiT 

of Ibe family lif .^., ''^^ wfld 

inlinititea to it ap| : Of 

deiith by w»ilin|;» ui tdh 

BodHch (Jlay or '* grcv -piir^' i?n ^imi* 
lar ■{»irit. Same ai //'t^«A/f (which •«•)• 




Wftit hail llittglan •nr^ 

Bentick Street (Portnian SawMi^ 


I is a ftt« The oiKl pft<wi hined htm 'Jtrl yl uxinni (uju jiommer. 

fidtneo 9 fTi«iid, A testy, li ti^io u» f ^lloWf 
who would aiurrd «bout govt's wodl of 
■iKeDo'* miilk. MeLTcutio uys to biTtif 
*^TbM hftsL auiLi^tiledi vrith a miLn fo; 
e»«p^iiig in tlie f{t]iee£T bec«uh« be bath 
«rsk«Eied thj do^ tbaC bmth buo a«l«ep 
m the flim " C*^ *^kt *^« 1).— SbiJtiapwie, 

Bon'wicke (2 «y^>, Qw kinffdom of 
k ng &«a, fACfaer of wt: LdMBfido^ It 
m* rilaAte in that e^txcmelr «liAdowj 
loiaaitT deii£n:i»ted m "beyond »em" but 
vsetho' it WM Bnttntiy or Utopift, ^*iioq 
■ taliBUi twitBfl «oaipoiiere lites. 

F^<Dt»Uj it w« Brittftny, bec^nie it 
vtt fteroM the duMwdL wid wu in 
Fraim. Bin kitLe of B«iiwick« w^ 
brother of Bore kW of Gault— Sir T, 
IhJonr, Bittmif «/ Triiior AH^tr, L S 

BeowiiU^ tb« nmme of ui AnglcH 
Sfticm «|iic poecn of the sixth oentaiy. It 
ncHTed itj n&ine fri>m Bemwulft vbc» 
AeliTer^d H roth^r king of Dmnuirk from 
the mcmster CireodeL Tbi* GfECidei w« 
failf monster and hidf tR«.ri, and nigbt 
afler si^t eIciIic into the king'a pulace 
called Rporotf und Akw aomeLimeB u 
in*ny u thirty of the slwpert at ^i time, 
Befiwialf put himscLf at the faesd of a 
BiiE«d b«tid of warriorm, went ajirikiafft the 
moiuler and slew it This epic i» very 
Onanic in itvle, ia full of bf &utie«, *nd 
Mmoitkite^reMinjf. — KejnMg'i Transhtttm. 

(A. D. Wftckefbanh publtshed in 1849 
a mescal tnD«lation of thie Angio- 
Sajcon poem J of conflidcnible niierit.) 

B«^ppo. Byron*> ^cppoisthehuaband 
9f Laan, a Venetian lady. He was taJten 
eaptive m Troy, turned Turk, joined a 
hand of piratie^ grew rich, and after 
■erenJ years retnnied to bb nntive land* 
He foond bi* wife at n carnival LaU with 
a oam/wT^i made hitnself known to her* 
and ther bred together again aa man and 
wife, (^ppo iff a contnotiofli of Guitqypej 
M Imn of Joseph, l«:Hl,) 

JSnfw, in J^ Dimohg aa opem by 
Aaber Cia3«}. 

Bermldfl (2 %/,}, brother of Argan the 
Mo/od^ mtatpn^trt. He tetla Argan tinat 
his doctor* will cnnfefla thb inuch^ that 
tht cut* of a patient h a very minor con- 
Kderatinn wiUi tbcm, " tfjtite ferct^lmc^ 
A tfur art ocmmsie m im pcimpcvf g<fli^ 

pair mt ^tiM^" Again be Myt, 


**pr€sqMie tota let hommet mfimni Ar £fMr 
r0mrde$ it mm pas de ieurg ttif^adkt.^ B« 
then proves that Argan'i wife is a iaer« 
hypoi^rite, while his daughter is a true^* 
fa«artedt loving cirl ; and be mkkea th« 
iavttlid join in tbe dancing imd tinging 
Dfovi lied for hia cure. — ^Moliei<e« £« Maiita* 
Imagimiire (I67a>, 

soothe m (Germany J answenng to Hulda 
("the gr&citms lady") of aorthem Gef- 
m/iny. Aft«r the [utrodacucui of Clbrift- 
tianitv, Berchta lost her drat estate and 
lapne^ mu> • bogie. 

BeFscynthiaji OoddeBS [The)^ 

Cybeitt is flo called ftooi mount Berecyn- 
tBB^ in Phn^'gia, where she was held iti 
especial adcrmti^ti. She is repreaemtcd aa 
erowtted with turrtts, and holding keys 
In her band. 


etrathHTir, tKfn46t ofc, n. [121411 

Berecjii'thiaii Hero ( The), Mida* 
king of rhQ'gia, so c^^lled from mo ant 
Berecyn'tus (4 *^/0j "* Phrygia- 

Berenga'ria, qneen - consort of 
Hichard Caur d« IJon^ mtroduced in Ths 
T(d\snmn^ a novel by sir W, Scott 
{\mh), Berengaria died 1230, 

Berenger (Sir Hatfmond), ma old 
Norman wairior, living at tlie castle of 
Garde Doloureuae. 

yVi« iadif Eixiine B<prfnger, air Kay- 
mond's daugbt^rf bctitithed to ili Uvga 
de Lacy. Sir Hugo caoci^Ia tis own 
bi^troihal in favour of hi* nephew (sir 
Daiiiiiin de Lucy), who manrieB the lady 
Eveline *'the betrothed."— Sir W. Scottj 
The Beind/i£d (time, Henry I].). 

Ber^ni^ce (4 b^'Ot »i»ter~wife of 
Ptokmy Uh She vowed to iacritlte her 
hair to the gods if her husband returned 
home the vanquiafaer of Aaia. On bia 
return^ she siiiiT«nded her h&ir in tbe 
temple of %ht war-godt but it was stolen 
the tint night, nnd Conon of Samos t(<ld 
the king that the windti bad carried it to 
heaveni where it »tiH forms the Severn 
stars near the tail of Lco^ eatlcd Coma 

Pni*, in his f^ape pf thf Lockt hm 
borrowed this fable to acconnt for tbi 
lock of hair ^ui from IkLlinda's head. ^ 
j^Mt^i^ration of which the young Jbdj 
Insisted upon, 

Berrm'oe (4 fyi,}, a Jewi»b prifkcei% 
dattgblcr of AjpisDiL, Bhfi married llaroi 






kliiir of Chalcii, th«n Polemon kiag of 
Olirim, and then went to lire with 
Agripfs IL her bmlher. Titiu ftU in 
iart with her and woyld hav* ni«rri<Hl 
b*r» bttt the RomAna conn- H-^ hlrn tc 
rraouoce the idea, and & tin^k 

pU*** Otway 0^7?) the 

iiuhjeet of a traifedy t^m.-i i--^ ami 
Hi^rmitii; and Jean feadne (I*rru)» in bti 
trwdy of BUrfnh^ haa made her a sort 
of llenrietle d'Orl^na. 

(Ilentielte d'Od<%iia» danehter of 
Gharlea L of Eo^'lAnfl rnitmetl Philippe 
due d'Orl^na, hrr.t XIV. She 

iira» tmlHunt in Li • autif ul in 

p« ' ^cirtg ni ;,M' t,:i.:ti uy her htu^ 

li 1 Attddenlv after drinking a 

CO- I (Oe, probaiily iKJiaoned.) 

d'na (4 fy/.l. ^iry cfraMnM 
7W 41 mm9 B^rwna (Ruaiian) : 
*eipciry lireamlet ahall pmve 
Uiifir dertmction and oTerthrow/* The 
ailuiao ta to the diaaftroiu paMageof the 
Fieaoh anny in Noveniberi XHVI^ during; 
their retreat from Bfotcow. tt ii said 
thai 12,000 of the fn^itircM were drowned 
in the itream, and 16^000 were Ukcn 
pffiaoncfa by the BuBnanik 

Bsr'U, a kind of rryital, much Hied at 
MM lime hy (orttme-telleTa, who l4X»kcd 
ifite the beril ud then utlcfvd their pre* 

. .. aMLMfevafMiiM. 
Uato la • fMlLit il^^^^llMn «*ii , . . 

wu ^a^* Mh^ nia l9€aa. 

9ta^m§m»%^ M*ta^*f^ Mmam%, art 1 » • IllVk 

fminnan^ who |if«feiTi4 pattiei U> tr«a- 

aon ; but cardinal Richellea hanUbed him 

fruui Ffaoce, aayin^ : 

•^ «dt MMaar aubl la PMk, 

Or ^ fav fn«taw ate amr tM ta <iiapr< 

t«ff« IntM. iM^iM (lOVL 

I 'lutin of Amanda; a 

L tow attached to c<)loocl 

i r tu win him ihe pUyi 

riUmsy hy ay|uat]in^ with 
[ leridwn, A Irtp to Soar-' 

-n '.-..,. ^,i.:ke4. 

ij' II who 

u who 

ifr r in a 

•( u Lhe 

ci. 1 i.i* of 

Irrri. nftert 

wtTv u , dbkite 
davii a»d tiic lid I «a« Ut X'jU wii 

oeaein^. The fint nij^t paned wil 8 iM 4 
mnch dijrtnrhancc. Tha aorand tiijeht llM 

candlen burnt biMeam! ' " * -^UMmtn 

heard oot^ide the cV. hf thifd 

nt^fhl the devil brok> uirh and 

earried off the old ^ ua lilack 

horse. — R, Sonthevt A'^jmim <rf 

B<rkiUit (a ballad fr>i;, „,.., .MafCUttv). 

iw 9aam* piKiniai flvt Id OS la tw i wHuu a akwy 
r»Uuid br «)lu» M^niH «r ■ vlirli vvt^ outtu «H«ai' 
•iwi ar li«*« «aalM. bst MMnWla* mm ivtfwl «# ^ 
4MI1UM. Dr.ai9«»tMd«micftlallMi«H ItoMlMwaiia 
a^ 1 i iHit aAor «Ma« fa* Wtf tfraMM ^ *v<M««. «t 

•maid It th« pna»>— -w. iari« 

Berkeley Square (Lockdon), ae 
called in eomplimeat to John lord 6edtfr> 
ley of Stntton. 

Berkel7 ( Ths Jddfy A^tffm^), lairhted 

lo air John de Walton, governor cf Done- 
hu Ca>tlc< She fint appeara under Si 
name of Aoguiitioef diaj^iacd at the too 
of Bertram the miniftrvl, and the wmi 
concludea with b« marriji^ to De WaHottt 
to whom DoQglaa Caetle had haeo 
rendered. —Sir W. Scotl^ CbaiC* ' 
gtr\M* (time, Henry L)- 

Berkshire Lady ( TV). Mio fnncm 
Kendriok, daughter of air Wmmm Kea- 
driek, accond baronet ; hi* father waa 
created Ijaronct by Cbartea IT. Tbc line* 
** Faint heart never won fair lady/* waa 
the advice of a friend ti? Mr. Child, the 
ioa of a brewer, who aou^ht Che haad ef 
the \MdY.—Q\iarUriu RevitJt^. cvi. 106- 

Berme^a, the Inmda d§ h Thrri^ 
ftooi which Am^adlt of Gaul fCarla wbca 
be i^a to qoetl of the tpehantpeaa ilaia* 
■cj, daughter of Finetor the necfomaneef. 

Bermu^daJSt a cant name fur ooe of 
Ihe pnrlieoa of the Strand, at one tioa 
fra(|uented by vagaboiidaf Ihievoa, uid ill 
«%ilHloen who aoiigbt to )le prntiit, 

Bernard. Solomon Bcraard, cnmni 
©f Liona (aixtei?ntb <^ntiifv>, falW Lt 
petit B^mitrd. 
the phiLantiir 
Fturr fitrwxr*/ 
tlie French puei (l^lU-l. 

I Mfll. 


76>g u caUai £• 

B^marsl, an aaa; 
In tha bea*t-<*nic 
fox, the iAff/j U caU,i 
the oji ta ** Bernard Jarchiprflrif ' 

wbooi t . in^ 

apf^ieaff'i ihe 






Beomardo del Oarpio, one «f 
the nKMt fiTonrite rabjccte ol the old 
BduuiIi mm^tjirlfl. The fith^r t^** were 
l%g (Xdvkd Lara't Setm InfmO. B€f- 
uudo del Cafpio wu the penon wlio 
untied Orlando (or Kawi&nd) at Ronces- 
▼alUa, umI fiadiELf; biini inralneriible, totrk 
him up in his »nna atid euuccz^ hini to 
dntli, u HfMcnlea did Anta'oi. — C«r- 
tuUm, Am Oituwfif 11. ii, IS (1615). 

•*• Tlie only Tuluemble pAtt of Or- 
Undo was tiie sole of th« fooU 

Bemesqxi9 Foetrif , like tofd By- 
roo*t Ikm Juofi, ii m niLxtiire of satire^ 
trucedy^ ccjtuedy, seriotti thought, wit, 
and ridicalc. ll Puld wu the fftOier nf 
thi« cIam of rhvme (HHJ-HRT), but 
FxmoecMO Jiemi of Tuscany (14^10-1637) 
10 greatly ^zc^IIed in it, that it \m called 
Bermtqm, from hia name. 

Bemif ia with Dti'rm cotiititntcd 
Northambria. BrrmiHa incladcd W^t- 
moreland, Iiurbam, and pari at Vxtmhtt- 
land. Deirti cimtaiocd urn other part of 
Cnrobtrlaad^ with Yorkuhiiv and Lao- 

Ber'rathail, an island of ScaodtnaHa. 

Benerlcer, graad^o sif the eight- 
handed Stiirka'der aod the btiaudfui 
Alfhil'dS. He wai so eaUe^i because ho 
wore "no Bfairt of mail," but went to 
battle unhamufled. He married the 
daughter of Swaf' urlam, and had twelve 
•ons. (Bttr-wifnce', Anglo-Sascnn, ** ban of 
ihirt;*^ Scotch, " bare-flark/') 

ToQ ay that T *» » Jmnaktr. iM .. 

ta-momm to tike var, ana lKi*-iar% i win fttat . _ _. 
«w.-licT. C. KLN^icr. £r*waffid tib* iTa^fc I, i«7. 

Bertha^ the ii^^ipoMd daughter of 
Taodunke [2 t^l.) buri^omafitpr of Bruges, 
aod miatreM of Godwin a rtcrh mcr{!£aDt 
of the same ciij. In r^lity. Berths is 
the doke of BraWot'ii dnughic^r Gcrtrtide^ 
tnd Goewiti ii Flnrez^ £cn of iiemird kini; 
of the beggars. — Ikauitiont and Fletcher^ 

Ber'tha, daughter of Barkhaid duke of 
the Alenianni, and wife of Hudr^If II, 
king of Burgundy beyond Jura. She ia 
r* {iruented rm monun^entfl of the time as 
fitting on her throne spinning. 

Toaara cIm bt««UAa BrUM lfa« «f»tniMr. 1fa« qnws of 

WWairiMKDtfcda bmpttbVffmwwa^.mai tnwijt*, 

ib» vai AD tbrirtr ud E^ed Ihat ha luniv [hbhI Into a 

^^rt/wij a/ioa Aajh-nia, the betrothed of 
Here ward (3 Jty^.J, one of tb** ^zn^roi's 
Yanrntnaii guard ss. The novel co*7clDdes 
with II ere ward enliBting under tbe banner 
of count Robert, and marrying Berthji.— 
Sir W . Scott, Couai M^iimri of Fari» (time, 

B^thOf the betrothed of John of Lc/* 
den. When she w^t with her mother ^ 
auk count Oberthara p^minaioa to marry, 
the count re^nlved to make hia nretty 
vassal his mistre^a, and conDned he; in 
bis cantle. She made her eaoipe and 
went to Munstcr, iiiteoding to Bi;t fire to 
the palace of ''the prophet, '* who, iihe 
thoitght, had cattaed the diaUi of ber 
lover. Being seized and brought befcue 
the prophctj ahe rccogniaLed in him her 
Igveir, a^d exclaiming^ *■ I loved thea 
once^ but now my love i» turned to hate/' 
■iabliod lietnelf and died.— Meyerbeer, Le 
FrophtU (an opera, 1849). 

Berthe au Grand-Pied, mother of 
Charlemagnei so called from a club-foot. 

Bertolde (3 s^l.}, the hero of a Uttle 
/«i ifa&prii m Jtallaii prose by J. fl Croce 
{2 ff^i.). Me la a Clamed Ian hy ^rofes«inii, 
whom nothing astonUbea. lie ii aa much 
at bl5 ^&»e with kings and queens a^ with 
those of liis own rank. Hence the iihrnse 
Imparivrhdbie as H^tulJi^^ meaning * ' never 
tAken by sur^^riBe," *' never tJirown nff 
one's guard,'* ** never diaeoncerted/' 

Bertoldo {Prince}^ a knight of Maltu, 
and brother of Roberto kini^ of the two 
Sicilies. He b in love with Ciimi'oUi 
**the maid of honour/' but could not 
marry without a diapensadon from the 

Kpc. While mnttera were at this tTlj*)*. 
rtoldo laid «iep to Sienna, and v*i 
taken prisoner. Caminila pnid bis musoni, 
but before be was released ^e duchess 
Aorella requiiBt45d him to be brought 
before her. I m m ed lately the d ochess saw 
him, she fell in love with hiiUT and 
ofTered him marriAge, and Bertoldo^ for- 
getful of Camiola, ai^qepted (he offer. 
The betrothed then prettnted them selves 
before the king. 11 ore Camiola exp^^sed 
the conduct of the knight ; Roberto is 
indignant \ A u fell a rejects her i?u(*ci^ with 
icom ; and Cam tola tfikesthe veil. — Maa- 
stnger, Th^ Maid of N<m(fltr (1637). 

^crio/'rft>, the chief chamctei of » 
camic romanod called Vita di Bertalduihj 




Julio Ctmrt Ok*^ whr> ilf>urished in tha 
lixlMotii ceotury. U i^cnnnt^ the oiu>> 
ceitfiil ejct>loiu of a ^ igtj 

peiMiifc, «0(i WW for ^ 9 as 

bopalftf in Italj m AV6i<^.^ i» is 

Borland. 8«men.t //crro/crf* anH ftartoldu. 

BertoldD*» Son, kio«I4a*— TaMO| 
Bertram (ittmni), 00* of ChArk- 

B^tran^ coant of Roosillon. Whik 
B ft vuii to the king of Fmaoc, f!er«cim. 
Iphystciazi's dAa^ter, eiii«d the king of 
' difturder which ha4 tiftffiled the court 
libyidcianj. For thtfl eeirier the k^Dg 
prnmtMMi her for hDfit«Jif) rh^ tmt she 
clioiM to telect, ftod htr " It 00 

Bcitmrn* The bought ; rried 

her. It is true, but dew r mc*?, 

miitl IpJft for Ftoreocc, where L«" jt»iii«.*d th« 
duke*i %Tmf, It »o hii|»j>en«ti lliAt 
Heli^A ftl»c) etoppi»d at Florence while rrfi 
• pilj^fttft^ to the Khhnv of St. .fucqnca 
le <trmod. In Flor»'Ooe -lie lod^;;?^! with ft 
widow whose daughter Ifiatift was wan- 
Xxm\y lored hy DerLmttn Hdtiw ol>- 
lutnni) ti.*'r!Tii*4it»n tn r>v*«rre htft Tifttta in 
t • ti of thne vuitft 

c um. Soon ftFt^r 

^;Mlirn wvTji 'in ft risH t*i hi* 
where he nw the kin^, fend tbc 
-n Hit; i>fj turi fifi^r tilt ring he 
' Uini ftrnated 00 
r. Hdeoft now 

,„-*f.^J -n,! nil 

f lortUi • ll-rir-«i,' • « 

CMttU vrnr f n«l Imi oot £r*'n«'raUA. Few- 
ii^^lcat' theftifterof 

U» elatf ' ' ditoutiicd 


HvdbHbl iilfl^niM, ooly xm of iir 

Hm^ and opciu ifir Bcrtmn'ft e; 


w1if> be- 



• he wi» 


Ktrtnirti { 


^*t€« leo thouMiid merilSf" 
every iMraiul^-^Dnibberlaiul, 

come* the leader of a hai 
Bcin)< wrecked 00 th« eoa.- 

ift conveyed to Qm coalIc (> 
And lb her be r 
to whom in li 

gfAfttly lit Inch; .., 

urmnd), tvSi, ^, ^ 

ttnejcpcvtv'; i - 

imOgine ^'■- - ,1 1 ) ;i: : ■, 

IMlto ftll CU., ■■,',.:, ,,'i . t. . 

Bertram (Mr, (ht^f^h <3i« \altd ti 

.' i, hi* wife. 

b«€*<>t nrawn, aiitiA tHwsoQ, o/mU 
I>ii4ilf]r» ton of the Uizd, ftod heir to 
ElUoguwia, rr«rrT lUrtrmm U ta 4o»t 
Willi JutiA M' ind the iMMci 

coo^ud«» wriU * poAMftMOa of 

t]ieuidhuuM»;.i.,.^..^ .-^Aoii maxTYmg 


Zwt^v Bertram^ lister of Htrnr Bertram. 

She niArricd Cliarlr'^ " U aoo of 

•ir Uohert H*xlew«<> *ood, 

S'r XZ/rv B^rtrai '>wail, BB 

aaeeelor of Mr. Gocit ,.. 

£^AM £f#rtrrini, / ' rrifn, ati4 
£tf«*«f B«Hfi»n%, Aii»9tor« 'ji air. God^ey 


Dipieilii Affdhne B^Hrom^ a relAtlre of 

the family.— Sir W. Scott, Qmg " 
mer\mj (ttxae, George IL). 

be Englifth miaatfat, aatf 

Slide 4if lady Aogvala Berkftiyf when ia 
Aguije the calls heiAcIf the tatortfeTi 
i<>a.— Sir W. Seotv C«9tk If am^mm 
(time, Uenr}' L). 

Bfr^trtjm^ one of the coiuinlTAJUtiA 
Against the repohlic of V«nlc«, Havini^ 
*'a heuSaitog AoftoeAA, tttal to a gfwl 
eatertifiAe,'* he betrayed the oooeiilracy 
to the teoati, — Hyroo, Maiim rhUtrv 

'p.jT't--r»n ' rn j^ tin. 



tnect* hiui near bt. I 
teiliic«A hi IB to j^oia 
When At Jn^t 

u;a i^uuicr ■ 



.^ -I 

! Umm ti m 

wuc thai 

b *^tha 1IM0B cl 

rMrnrmrto comee t» 

Lainjcd^ aagdA celcUrate tlie Iriarafjh 




«f nod over eril.— MeTwcbMr, JitAmioif 
*^' '»(aaopeia,1881). 

Bertrand, a rif9i>!eto<a and a Tillaiii. 
He it the aecomidioe of Robert Ifacaire, 
■libeitine of onDliiahiiig impndenoe, who 
■no without eompu^Btioii. — ^Daamier, 

Bertrand du Gkieolin, a romanoe 
of ehiraliy, reciting the adventnraa of 
this cooB^teble de ranee, in the reucn of 
Gbaricf ▼. 

Bertnmd du Quetlin hi primm. The 
nhioe of Wales went to riiit his captive 
Bennad, and aeking him how he fared, 
the Frendmian relied, "Sir, I have 
heard the mice and the rati this many a 
day, hot it is long since I heard the song ot 
birds,** ue, I have been lone a captive 
sad have not breathed the fresa air. 

The reply of Bertrand da Gaeslio 
calls to mind that of Douglas, called 
**The Good sir James,** the companion 
of Robert Bruce, ** It is better, I ween, 
to hear the lark sing than the moose 
dteep,** ue. It is better to keep the open 
field than to be shot up in a castle. 

Bertiilphe (2 «^/.), provoet of Bmges, 
the ion of a serf. By his eenios and 
energy he became the richest, most 
honoured, and most powerful man in 
Bruges. His arm was strong in fight, hit 
wiidom swa^^ed the council, his step wm 
Vrnod, and his eye untamed. He had one 
child, most dearly beloved, the bride of 
ur Bouchard, a knight of noble descent 
Charles *'the Good,** earl of Flanders, 
msde a law (1127) that whoever married 
a serf should become a serf, and that serfs 
were serfs till manumission. By these 
absurd decrees Bertulphe the provost, his 
dsn^ter Constance, and his knightly 
ion-u-Iaw were all serfs. The result was 
that the provost slew the earl and then 
himself, his daughter went mad and died, 
and Bouchard was slain in fight.— S. 
Knowles, The Provost of Bru^jes (1836). 

Ber'wine (2 »y/.), the favourite 
attendant of lady EPmengarde (3 syl.) 
of Raldringham, great-aunt of lady 
Eveline "the betrothed."— Sir W. 
Scott, The Betrothed (time, Henry II.). 

Ber'yl Morosane (3 «u/.), the 
lady-love of George Geith. All beauty, 
love, and sunshine. She has a heart for 
ervry one, is ready to help every one, and 
Is by every one beloved, yet her lot is 
most painrolly unhappy, and ends in an 
lariy death.— F. G. Trafford [J. H. Rid- 
4ai\ George OeUk. 

Beoo'iilaii (A}, a scoundTtL Prom 
the Italmn, bimgneto^ ^*a needy pmoDg 
a beggar,"* 

t^TuoA iot4M 4p bintljlv fWmi lint Umwn of IhlAr h!^ 
dmixalM i uid Ir.* troii undii- Fstt "f «»bt7 Infairler ba» 

Begg {Good tpuun}^ EUzabeth (1^33^ 

Bffjj, th« daughter of the ** blind 
b*fjfr*f of Bethnal Gtten," a lady by 
tilth) a sylph for beauty ^ an ang^t far 
coBstaQcy and tw*etue*n» She ww bF«d 
to dlfitractirT by Wilford, and It to ma 
out that fae was the son of lord Wocd-' 
vilte, and Beaa the daaghter of lord 
Woodville"* brother; ao they we» 
cauKins. Queen Elixabeth Banctioned 
their nuptLoliT and took tiiem under her 
own especial conduct.— S. Knowles, TAs 
BAjij0r of BHhfvd Green (18^4). 

Beas O* Bedlam, a female litnatio 
vagrant, the male luoatlc vagtant beiuf 
called a T(}m q" B^am, 

Beasus, govenitir of Bactria, wn.* 
sei/.ed l>ari us (after the battle of Arbe^Ia) 
and put biui to death, A rrmn says, Alex-^ 
ander f!au»d the noatrili of tlie regicide 
ia be slit, and the tips of bis eaxi to be 
cut off. The offender being then seat t*i 
Ecbat'&na lu cbalna, was put to death. 

la i fiUBUit ke Ihml tnn4« vltfi munli«rf ft k-Aft* 
JktA ^rwftnivu h^rt a^yoii hi* nrytl Tiltm. 

VUli blwiilr huidi btfiWt iiU utMtUn't Ur« . , . 
Winu l4uiBif bitta bii fiutm ii«urp«d nf^iM , , . 

Ha vu priwnti^ bj hii tMfi^l Mirrid* 
tjDtD &m ra«i o( bint ■mJuM' h^ au*J »itttt*\ 

T. ivktUK A jri^i,uir /ifr Maetttrnpm 

Bf^^ms* a cowardlr brag^ng captain, 
a lort of Bo bad U or "(in^^^nt da la Hoea. 
CapUiu Bfjiiui^, ha vine received a chal- 
lenge^ wrote word back tlmt he could not 
acci'pt the honc^ur for thirteen weeks, as 
be bad alreadv I? I? duel» titi band, but he 
WHS Tinich grieved he could nr*t appoint 
an earlier dav. — BeaumonI and Fletcbec. 
Kinj orNa iiin^j (l€l9), 

B<h:h«ptut f de«t?4<« tvt ^Ntnt of fdt . , . 
¥n af(«« diia he iJfu, m *rl4oui hit . . , 
llHii III mrb *FU*ie. \w^ in ty^rr U^u 
Mjumav timtifvirir* uw DklM^bleTDua In hha. . , , 

B4tique (2 jr//.) or Bfie'tlca (Gra- 
na^ia and AnHnJujiiji)^ fio called from thi 
rivt^r Bartift {Gtajdnlqwra-}. Ado'am de^ 
tcrib«i this part of Spain to Telem'^aehtii 
as a veritable Utopia.— Fi^nelon, Jan- 
ha-etde J^^J^j^iagltf, vlti. (1700J, 




Better to Beign in Hell th&n 
8erre in Heaven.— Milton, ParodUe 
Lo*t. L 26S (1665). 

JiiXiiis Gm» nmi to Msr he wonld 
fsUior b* thm fiist sum in a country 
irilla^ timn thti sccood m*.ii vt Rome. 

Betty Doxy. Capi^la MscbeaUi 
■ftjrt to her, ^'Po u hard as 

tvei ? Tott Kim) . to good 

vholcaomt \ntv ; i - > « ... . . ^ 'th, BettY, 
itroQff waten will in tune ruin jour 
emitlitotioa. You khduLld leavt those to 
roiti beUfta.**— Gay, I%tf B^j9r^§ Opcnii 
*L I < 1 71*7). 

Bntty ^07» **tlie idiot moUber of 
•& idi(4 boy.'*— W. Wordsworth (1770- 

Betty [Hint], nenrant io the family 
of •it nertuiax aod Udy McSycojjlmriL 
$ba b ft aly, pnriDg tale-beamr, who 
hfltet Comtantta (the lielorvd of E^r- 
lon ItfcSvc^ipdiaiit), ninpJy beoaoat cverf 
c iber.-CfUcUifi, n#i6iii 


Betu 1)1001, Dumtby or the Ca|ie 
of St» Andrew, in Scotland, 


«r« OFte'^ or l i gw tii rt aif*«i i^^ 

Biittlla Alb*, comrr - * -^ ^^^ 
EonwD tteton made faac* 
•ihI alto «ii|ilor«d tt for . 

drrn, €t«. (Latia» Aofa^^ *' tu Uai. ') 

MbMmw Um. ft mOm of BrUMk. mlM *>««<• sMa^ 

tifia aaifc mm.* i «i 

Beolah, that la&d of nat which a 
Chfiatuui mjoyi when his faith i« io 
alAra^ that he no Irmgex fe&r» or douUt«. 
SsBdey ii sometimeir to cAlliid. lu 
BoijanV allepr»n' ( 7'he f »i nm j /V^ 

Ci) die f'iLrij'i (arri in tlir U«d <if 
tah after 'M%g^ U nrtr, till 

Uiey are anii rt.»?i the «tTf«m 

«f 'Dokth a&u ^iu<T iiiUi the C^(:»tial 


afta Mi 1 taia«li «M0 *» MM* •!«•• la* iMrf flf 

Paaife* fist *• BM Aik^a atiM ^^ <Mr, h«hs 
tiSM ev ««« viify. a« latait nM^«« ••laia 
t»ili»<t a Wrtwaai^iMa ii^ ia iii ^mt fcwm «« 

&rf»tt«i*«rt«*i««it^ii» . . tn tan k»A tiM9 

Beuree (I 'f'O **^ Buo'vo of 
Ay'gTemoiit, fathv of Hala^ixcn and 
«Kk of Kf naldo. Tnacberoualy ■laio by 
yaoKw-^AfioftOt Orkmtk /Wlm (1516). 

BeoTOB dm Hantooe, Fraoefa 

form for Bevia of Southamplea |9tf«i« 
^'Hantone*' vt a Froidli eorru|«tsoo 4f 


Bev'an iMr.% an American phrakaaa, 
who ttcfriends Majtin ChnaxJewil aod 
Mark Taj>tf>v in manv wayf dming thdi 
■Ur tn the NVw \Vorld.--C* DkkcM, 

B©v*erlcy. "the j;ame«lef,** ««t«r* 

ally man, but led atftnj by 

Su< Uftt ha lcme» evetythin^ 

by 'I 'iic->i A mtieraltle death. 

■y e ptmester'i wife. 

8b' 3 fondlVj aod clingi 
to i 

' 1^ with Lewann, 

bnt :,rr"* !irr. 

\<<- - - 

Th^ UamaUr 

, . tb u*a «a «ct 

'^ J^irvk f«MMl HK aufnrfaM: . .-, 

«M Mt,- T^ifeii "iirA- 42ir-A«4 « ra# * 

«1MB " Mn. DkwWy* Iftisniilt U» vNtu " *T1i ati«. 

•MvMAiia - - 

*«*. Hi*. 

UrMT Oaf Tma^ w uAhte 

•wdUa« ia Ut tkrukt.— CkiBpMi.. <«** «^ 

loyer of 

^riiea^ and tb« 
i, lie 14 em- 

b«3 at iriUca 
r ?i- i..,nJ)rrij hi? f Wirt ; l>iil hia 
Oft airtccrc, and hiji pmitctKe 

cause kae hi^i 
loo pmud 1« 

her We b t< 
living hitn fi 
jihy, Alt m Mr ^ 

Beyil, a model geaUaosatti in 

WtelTvow taft BiiyaJ 

three brothers — on* an Si.r., fcitr-ilicf ifl 
thelaw, and the Lhir 1 who, 

unknown t^ each ot; i&in 

in nlA^riag1^ the baihi . ..- * .Hit 

dauf^hier of a rich **<>elt-bTwkef. Tba 
ILK jiaid hU court U' ^ht f*t>iw, and 
olilained hia conm^^ raM 

hii Goiiffft to the moi: hA 

tt I tM 

hmrio^ ulknittad hm 




9cmaient^ tli« oiber two brotben retired 
tmm Che Held.^-O'Briea, £>&» Pwpoaes, 

BeVis, the horse of Iop^ MiiroioQ,^ 
Sir W. Scott, Mm-mim (IS&S), 

S/ti» {Sir} of SoutimmptPii. HAving 
Tqnmred Mb mother^ while stilL m laa^ 
for aafdcting hi^ Callief, she employed 
S»|>er lo kill him ; but Saiber only left 
him vn ft d«fifert Und oa « viuf, tmd he wut 
broiight up iLs 4 shepherd. Hearing th&t 
Ml mother had niAmed Mor'dure (2 s^^,), 
Uift ftiiiUt«rer, he forced his wHy into the 
BiATriii^ hftU sod stnick mt Moitliire ; hat 
llwdim iUp|i«d uld«, aad ««c&|>ed the 
Udw. Bcvii wu Ebow sent out of the 
eoontfj, mad bciag told to an Armemiinj 
wu DKaniled to lb« king, Joft'jan, the 
kingj dani^terf, f«l! in love with btni ; 
tbe^r were diily mamed, and Uevu waa 
kmihied. Hartog ilniu the bn*T which 
maat bolea >n tho earth iia big aa that 
mto which Cttftiiii leapt, be waa a|>- 
pointed j^exieiml of the Anneni«Q forc^ 
iubdu«d Braadamoad of Damaacas, and 
M«de DanuuciiB tributary to Anueaia. 
Being loit, on m, tutnat occasion, as am- 
liaaiwor to DunasmUthe woa thrust into 
• priaoD, where were two huge serpen U ; 
Ihfse he slew, ftnd then effected bis 
esope. HU Dflxt enc^ounter was with 
A»eupart the giwitj whom he made hia 
ikve. Lastly, he dlew the great dmgoti 
of Colein, and then returned to England^ 
where he wm restored to hla binda and 
titlea. The French c»ll him Bimvf$ <k 
Baai^m^, — ^M, Drayton, Poiyaibkmt LL 

l\e Btord of B^is Gf MSondh^impttm 
Wat Moi^Ut, and his sited Ar'uodei. 
Bo^ were ^ren him by hiM wife Joiian, 
daui^hter of the king of Antiettift, 

Besaliel, ia the satire of Ahsaiom 
and AcAitopf^i ii meant for the marquis 
of Wott^feife^ aft«rwajds diike of Beku- 
f«rtt. As IkiaJiel, the faniouu miiHcer^ 
"was tilled with the Spirit of Gtid to 
dfTis« ajieciieni works la ever)' kind of 
we'rkiiiaiiahit>," so on the mkrtjiiis of 
WoR^ter — * 

« , , v l>f^^ K*lni« l*Mip*d' her iton> 
tbmm wn rtnwLoM I(w ktU lo flte btm mat*, 

nr|4ui Kttd taiit^ pu\ tL 

Beao'ni&nr * ^g^^ * r^tie. 
tTtalLan^ bif^glKfrnf *' ttecessitodil.") 

Thf cinUn&fT lilJm <sf tlLE iJATtb. audi ai w* ^1 hma- 
ftavrf^m- In PrmiiirB, |'*»ii£t: lu S|Alni, trmmparmf 
■d ovficrkUj »f «rJ*hw. — Bar thm, Mi*ifliA IThj**!!^ 

Bi&o'ca, tht yomtger daughter of 
Bi^itktft of Pad'oa, as gwitte and Eneek 

aa he? sister Katherine was violent and 
irritable* As it waa oot likely any one 
would many KaUierine " the shrew," thv 
father revived that Hiaaca aboitld &oi 
marry before her aisfeer - Petmchio mar- 
ried **tbe shrew/" and then Lueentio 
mairicd Hia.nca.--^hakea|ieare:| Tatniag 
Q/tha Sht^^ (1591)* 

Bian'm^ a conrte^an, &e ** almost** 
wife of Cuflio. I ago, speaking of thp 
UenteoMit, uys : 

jLii.4 irhiit warn hi f 

FomLotbL, k Emt ixlthmAUcikB. 

One KlctuwrCi^jo, ■ FkrtiiktiD* 

A ToUow ■Jnuut dunu'tl \u ■ ta\lt wlk. 

Bian'^a^ wife of Faaio. When her 
husband wantons with the marchioaeu 
AldabelK Biaoea, *iut of jeaJouay, as:- 
cuses him Co the duke of Florence of 
being privy to the d^hth of Bartol'do, 
an old miWr* Fizio being condemned 
to death, Bianea repnts of her rasbnev«, 
and tnfs to aare ner busbsDil, but not 
Bueceedin^. ^^^m mad and dies. — Dean 
Miiman, Ji^iw {l%\b). 

Bibbet {Master) ^ fieetetary to major- 
geuer&l 1 larrison, one t>f the f*Jirlinmentary 
couktuiiittionenj. — iiir W. ^cott, W'ijotiitock 
(time, CorainJODWfciilthj. 

Blbbie'na (/7), cardinal Bernardo, 
who resided nt Bibbiena, in Tuscan v. 
He wan the author of Gi/anrfra, a comedy 

*' Bible" Butler, o/mm Stephen 
Butler^ gmndfather of Heubeu Butler 
the preabyterian m truster (married ttr 
J^.nio Dean^), — Sir W, fkott, Heart oj 
MidhikmA (time, tieorge IL)- 

Biblis, a woman who fell in lovv 
with her brother Cannus, and was 
changed into a fountain near llilf'tus,^ 
Orid, MeU ix. 662. 

Nut rhfet \^vmwiLit^\ v'sm^ B1V1U Hjispf^ f<w r«MSf H^t. 
tiw tdBTf Atid mM lii>f Liv« c%ltil«r« wlUi Uill^ 

riMtK »■ kiijief . r** ^**y^ J#tit*.J, ». (jam. 

Bib^ulua, a eollea^e of Julius Ce«ar, 
but a mere cipher in office; hence bii 
name became a houBeht^ld word for a 

Blc'kerEtaff (furfflc), a pseudonym 
of denn 8wift^ ai<»umcd in the paper- war 
with Purtridge, the almnnao mftker, and 
sub»ei|uently adopted by Steele in Th^ 
Tafirr, wbit:b was nnuonnued as edited 
by '* Isaiio Bickers taff, Esq*, astrologer/* 

Bickerton {Mr$.\ landlady of the 
Seven Btars inn of York, where Jeanis 
Vimm slops on hef way to Londov, 




fr^iithcf iliB ii frnine to plead fr*r hrr 

MfiMittfivin (tiiiie^ Geor^^ IL), 

Bid Ma Diflcourae , - , TV woHfi 
of iJ^Li celirbmted souj^ il« t&ktti f^ftl 
SJtt*ke*p^fie'* l>oem e&lt^ IVnty iifid 
jliJunrV, iJii. Music by Biibop, 

Bid'denden Maida (Ty), two 
si iter* Horned M^rv and ElUJU»etl| Cl)iilk« 
hurst, bom Lt BidilcnJcn in IIW* Ttier 
w*re joined tflcfiher by the tbii^iildi^n 
■nd hifjii and lived to 'the «*;e of .H, 
Borne say that it w»s M*fy And Elijt** 
betta OiutkSiurat wbo left IwfnlT iii*r« 
of kad ti» the poor of Biddeudetit Thin 
lenenient if called " Bi^ttd imd Chenw 
LAod,'* becjiue th« renl denvcd frtum 
it ii diatrihwted cm F.AM«r Siin»l*y in 
dol« ©f hrejiil aDcl ch^fcwt* BaJfttcdd 
uyi, in 111 s //ylorv i>/ A'£?U, tlliil it irjw 
thcr gifluf two nimid^f9!( named Preston, 
ftnd not df the BidJendca l[ud«* 

Biddy, wrvant to Wopile*i gmit^ 
fcont, wlio kpf^t nil ♦* oducftliofUli iii»(itu- 
tioa," A gCHxl, honevt prl, wln» f»lb in 
lnv<? with Pip, wi* Iflved bv DoIi;*.- 
Orlick^ but married Joe Gar^iy»— C, 
Di^kena^, Great l^xpectatkma (1860). 

Biddy [BeUair] (Mi^s), " 
her tecns^" in loir*; wilb ciptaini IxiTeit, 
She w« promiaesd id nwwxtflHjnc bj her 

Araeld of i*viefft*iii [<ini'.#r,irifc«;;, iAo- 
d«nim#n of Linterwaldei, Aoae «*f (jdo-^ 
vtfin, hiji brgtlitf't dAi^^bl^;, l» aisu2«r hat 

i^^i^D' #i«|criiMii| Arnold 

JBhwml iWni i »ji H btwtMf nfl 
%teiiiiii^ #l«*mdpi, ildnmwcd **11a 

Simpte/' <BA4licr brcHMr. 

tf/ritrjl it^idfniwiii ironairnkt At tbn 

fmir 1m«tl>en.^4iliT W> S«ott, 4n^ •?/ 

Bl^fbrked iMtoF of tbo 0r»e csw 

Bt'&o«t» tli» btldg« «Mdi i|«i 
liefti'^a And «trtb. TIm minbov Ib ttil 
bri(l|?e, And »(■ einlann am ■llflbttttd to 
lh« prrdoiu iUiae* wbidt b««lad It — 

Big-*eQ'diaiis {Tht), % hfpotheilcd 
religioui p^rtj of Lilliput, who niAde it 
A ra&uer of ** faith ** to l>re&k their eggt 
&t th« " bii; ead/' Tho» who brokA 
lb em at thi; ulher end were eion udet^ 
bi;re|i(?4, and eulled £rff^r-eiiriftafliLt,— 
0e&n Swift, iMuUktri'* Trar«^ (1726)^ 



BilbOt « 3pccil*li blide noted for ita 
Itxibili^, Rod B4> c&llevj from BiIba'oi» 
whtn M oae time the bcsi blades were 


BUteeti (i ^.}, s bar of ima intli 
tete» ftimcxM to tt, by whidi nrntJaau* 
lailBn wi« ■! one time ILaJKed: together. 
Sob* of tli« bLlboci t&kt^n from the 
Spaaub Araisd* «* preserved m th* 
mituh MoMtinip Tbey are to e«ll«d ool 
becwQse titey were fLr»t made at Bilbn'o, id 
gpun^ but &om the entaaglvmeDta of the 
riTCT on vrhkh Bilbao iUndR. Tlieie 
'^eftta^glemeotfl" we c&Ued FA*? £ufWj, 
Beammont aoil Fletcber compare the mar- 
Ba^e knot to kUboea^ 

BU'dal (2 «^l>), « M»pb aad tlK 
feuteLar f^nardiao of llatthev the apostk, 
Cbr BOO of weallky |sreiiti and brought 
great lnxW.^KJotntock, The 
uL (1748), 

Bmin^ (JoMO- A. W. Shaw an 
ligna Mia Book of Snifvt^t (lB6e)* 

BOlingsmte (3 *}fl.). Beling wai 
a friend of ^^Brenniu^' the Oiulf who 
owned a wharf ealled BeUn^Vgatc. 
Gtoffret of Moomoutb derivei the word 
frtnn fieliRt a mvihical kinp: of the 
aocient Driioni, who " built a gate tbere^ 
tLc. 400" (IH^), 

Billy Harlot a merry Andrew, no 
eaUod fitim a semi -idiot/ who fancied 
hiiDMlf "^a jpcat potentate." He waa 
wdi known in the east of l^ondon^ and 
died in ^liitechapel workhouse. Soma 
of ItJa aavitUTi were really witty, a:nd 
■ome of Eua attitudei tmJy lardcaL 

BIUf Black* the coTinitdnim-Enakfr« 
^Ths iltmdr&i-potmd Nuge, 

^ to lk«|^t« 4t ih* cjiM* rtf Uu ptoca, 

" T'ta «M Bwr*. ftMi tliif k k |t#4 kin, Wl^l b 

Imim it k A«*W UL~— AvMrO* 4^ ■ Aivf r«irai^ 

BilXtOlXT (^'^firo-nu^Afr"). lUcchna 
waf ao eall^ becaii^e at the death of htc 
mother duriiig g^ettabon^ i'upitt^r put the 
fatm into bis own thtj^h for^e redt of 
tbe time^ wh«n the infant Eac^hua waa 
dalj bioi^t i^jtth* 

Bimbifltar (Jf^irv^^l, the old Ran- 
■dmanV spouae.^atr W. Scott, Tha 
f&nilv (time, WilLiaiti HI.). 

m mi ni [ Hy^] ^ afabulona bland, 
Hi4 to belong to the H&ha'ma ^rronp, 
gnd eooLaininff a fuuntaln poueaaed of 
the power of reatnrin^ youth. Thia 
ialana waa ao object of long aearch by 

the Spaniah niTigator Jaaa Ponoa di 
Leon {146(^15:^1). 

Biodloose {J&hn)^ BherifPa clerk 
and baoker at March thorn .—Sir W. Scott, 
St. Rtjnapi's WeU (ume^ George IIL), 

Bingen (Bai^ <3f)t geoefftlly cai:«i| 
biahf^^ HattQ. The tale b that duzuf 
a fo^inmet he invited the poor to hiA b^rn 
on a certain day, under the pie* of dia- 
tnbutinii^ com to them ; but when the 
bam wiU crowded be locked tbe doot 
aad ^t dr% to tlie building ; for which 
iniquity he waa himseif deroured by an 
army of mice or rata. Ilia castle ia the 
Mouae^towei oa tbe Ehioe, 

Blnks (Sir Bi'ji^o), a fox4i anting 
ban»Mft, and viait^r *t the Spa. 

Ladi/ BhiAs, wife of air Bin^, bnt 
before marriage Wim* Eachaal Bonny-> 
njjg. ViJiitor at the Spa with her hua- 
baiid.— Sir W. Scirtt, St. Rt^nari's Weti 
(time, George 111.). 

Bi'on, the rhetorician, noted for hb 
acrimoniouA and aharp fayingo. 

Biondello, one of the «er\'anta of 
Lneentio the future buaband of Blanca 
{siMler of "the ahrew"}. Hb fellow- 
aervant ia Tra'nto.— Shakeapeare, Taimt^ 
0/ Vuf SJinne (1S1H). 

Blroll jT/arw^), a prominent cha- 
racter in Tke Sp^^ a noTel by J. F 

Birch'over Xjane (London), so 
imlled frirm Birchot^er, the builder, who 
owned the bouses there. 

Bird ( TAs Littie Ore^), of the froiea 
regioOB, which could reveal every secret 
and impart information of erenta paat, 
prcftant, or to come. Prince Cheiy wenfe 
m seareh of it, so did bis two couaint, 
Brii^bt-'im) and Fi^Llx ; last of all FairBtar, 
who succocfkd in obtaiiiinj^ it, and liba- 
rating the princes who h&d failed in 
their attempU. — Comteaae FV Annoy, 
Jkiry^ Tal^M (^* I'rinceas Chery," Um), 

Thb tale h m mere reproducUoo of 
"The Two Sisters," tbe last tale of the 
Artibhtn Nbjhts, in which the bird b 
called " Buibul-heiar, the talking blid." 

Bird eineing to a Monk. Th* 

nKmk waji teliiL,— Longfellow, &«i4m 




"A bird 

nil*] tliat 


Bird Told Me {A UtiU). 
of Ute mxT fthAlI cam"^ the v^i- ♦ 
which hftih winca fth«il ' 
(£bde«* X, 2ti), In 
1f{rra<i* * ^Mitil« bird 
** which tell* the truth/' 
de*v<iv<»d th** kin^ br 
hi ' ' ' * " Itis gneoitii ji a •/, 

ft^ bat the **UtUe 

bir rh — the fint two 

ncje dsu^hUtA &iiii Lh€ third a scin* 
Thif HtUe tmth-telltng birrl uppfcun in 
fftt»4nr UJe* of g^ttxX aoti^^uity ; it ts 
int/cMiiieed in the tale of ** Prineew 
Filir!<t»«r" <*>tr!e«»p f»*A«nov) M a 
*^ .fythittg;" 

i< c UaIIaI*, 

Wttu Keoelm or Ceohelia was miir- 
b^ the order nf his nster Cwea- 
Ihiyth^ ^ st the rery Mme boor a white 
dove MW to Romi^'uid, lightinfc on the 
hikh ftllar flf St. Peter'e, depo«it«d there 
• Ttlter contAinJDg a full ac<^oullt of the 
iitufdrr." So the pope sent men to ex- 
mniDe into the malierj uid a chapel wu 
built over the dead bodj^ called ''SL 
KcAelw't Chapel to thb daj"* (Shrop- 

Bire'ncH the lover »T»d tuNwoueat 

' of Oljwipia qtitrn ' " Haod. 

r w«a laiktB priwmer I kiog 

rrirn, but W!ts rtUii- -ndo. 


1^ iJlJ IJITII I I' 

OriamSi* f^rktao, iv. T. (tdlC). 


,« ..f 




br deAlh. 

oiiftreM Qaned 

lephwim, iAr / 

Binptngham of Biia8l% Tdi^ 
•oath of Moscow. 

Birmingham Poet {The), Jobu 

Ffi^h, tht wit, p'l^t, and nuUicaa^ wfio 

::^. set them lo maaick 

X ' ip yovn^ locd« 

in ,and |un^ ul 

years wjr '^ch 

time Dr> ^lui 

court; Lu: . ,..^, .._ ..^ ..^..^^ :ht 

conipa.!t, than he falta in ior« wlih 
KoftiiUne, Kosaline defen hi« woH for 
twelve moitthi and a rU\% Ario^ ** If 
you BIT fivouT cQcaQ t" '^^et, for tfi ' 
tntintht teek the weary beda of 


» itr« tiutto Ttiint 


That wtM>»l«r KM 

pcalJy beloved by lU: „ 

lie won immortal Uun^ln ftt the frsftlwtif 
Affjues and Ivry, and at the licm of 
Pam aod Rouen, llie kitm loaded him 
with bonoora : he wu admiiml of France, 
manhal;^ governor of B(>arLV«vti*'. dnkf 
and peer of France. 1 nidi 

honour made him forget h be 

entered into a league wuu .?')''j>m and 
Savoy A^inAi hb country. Ihe pt«l 
wto diBcriVFrf-ji by Ijrifin ; nri«I atthuuch 
Henri V, «',« 

executtu sip~ 

man Ua^ ■■. . ., two 

tra^odiest eor; n^jMPwqf 

/ i *«>b 4^f iNjt^iMi Baidwia, 

w^ »•! him for marrying Ina- 

^ luu. IVirvn nt*w entcfod th« 

i wna MKUi tu the ftia^ i»f Ouidy, 

frll, litnd H was ittppoied dkd* 

-•v«j yearn, Itabelbk 

fH-fVeftr, tnamed 

iJt th^ *'.a.\ m.{u-t licr 

(I jretum*''' }>an 

mad *nd i.\U 

BlrmlAghftm of Belgittm, I 

.y^LU is ■ 




Bitm (ir^vTii«f>, the d>j«ct of lir 
Ghiilii (iraadko(o'i affscticiiiB. 

flta BV^ vrtitf DWUki 

I -m mm am9 ^ m^m « 

Birth. U «u locd Thw-iov wlio 
lii^ birtli "tti« ftccideot of m 

Btrttl% i33« mcrlherleai dwigbter sad 

la ftpnog ilici^ ^tliend 

. In . , 

Uuflwxu f Of her fblhei^i ftlll, in 
fci»fM«, wdA iq Bummef flow^n. She fell 
hi lovfl vilh duke Gondtbert^ w!io#« 
wrmwli ibe AMiftcd her Iktiitrtie bad. 
Births '' LQ lvr« ii]ipf«cti««d ud nnMttd^ ** 
» (fa« be«Q-id««l of iADoeeocr aod pintr 
«f miod, tiondibert hjid ju4t ptigm«d 
Mt loTo to hcf irbea be wuv sumntoiwd to 
fiOBitf for kiB^ Anbeft h^ prcwlBito^d 
bim bis mcwMar ftad httttt« 8oii4d-1aw. 
GooiBbeit awoTied Biitb^ b« votad 
ramain tro« to bef, uid ^^e ber ad 
vofnld ring w^bicb be tc^lu her would 
loae its lufllrt Lf be pmv«{J untrue. Hera 
tbt tAle bmk0 off, «ad u it wiu Devef 
finubed the tenad It not known. — Sir 
W. D«v«nicl, Giind^i^i (dkd lG6a>. 

BImi, ft viod previilefit in tboM 
nlleys of Sato^ wliicb open to the M*. 
It cApCJcblly affoctd tbe nervous ivfttem, 

Biaer'^ formerly called U'ticm, in 
Africa, Tb« Saraccos pMsed from 
BbertA to Spuitt, and CharleTnii^e la 
MO nnderti^k a wi^r ^^net the ^^pnniab 
8»r*c*D*, Tbe S^^wiisb histrriana AMert 
tfaat be wM routed nt FnntJirsbm {% 
gtrong town in Bimiaj) ; but the French 
wuDtAJn thftt be wvi victortout, Jilthoagh 
Uiey ^Jow that the nfti of hi* umy va« 
cist to pieces, 

Ov vtMMB Btarta iHrt frSBI Ibf^ A^N» 

Blsliap. Burnt jiiilk ii called by 
TuAwr '* tnilk that tbe bisbop dolb ban.'* 
T^ndale mvs wbca milk or pqrridge ta 
burnt ***re fiayethe bishdfie bath pui bU 
fbte in tbe {toltiv" and t!?t plain § it tlxaJ^ 
"Ibe In^bopu bum whom tbcy luat.^ 

Btttliops. The Kven who refnMd 
Ml r»d tbe d«claration of iodulgenco 
pciMiched by Jamei H. uid v«re bj 
him i[ii(trwineil for reeuaancyj were *rcb- 
bUhnp Sdocitkft (Giitif^Jirv)^ bbbopa 
U«vd {.S:i, A»i/«Aj, Turner ihlu)^ Kew 
(firiM fl*l l¥t^), Wbite (Ptftfr6onrt*/A), 
Lake (C*icA»r*^), Tr€i*wiwy (Br»*toO- 

Being tded, they wiere all aernittoi 

(June, 16S8). 

Bisliop Middleham, who was 
■IwHyi decbumicLg n^iniit ardent dnnkii 
and advocatini^ water as a bevengf 
kHlod bimaclf by secret iatoxication. 

Bisto'tiiaoBy the Thradans, so called 
from Bi^toti (40a of Man), who bail* 

Bufto'tua 00 Uke Bio'tonta. 

Bit'elss (3 «^^), ai»ter of Fairlimb, 
and daugtiter of Kuk^'naw the ape, in 
&e beaAt-emc called Riynard the Pom 

Bl'tLne Bamark {A), Near'choi 
ordorod Ze'no tbe pbitosopher to be 
pounded to death to a tnoitar. When he 
had been pounded some time, he told 
Nfiirdiofl be had an important com- 
munication to make to him, but as the 
tyrant i^ent oftt the mortar to hear what 
he had to wv, Zeno bit oflf his ear. 
Hence tbe proverb, A mnark more biUnfj 

Bit'tlebraiHB (/>3rt/), friend of 
sir William Ashlon, lord -keeper of Scot- 

Ltidif Bittiebrnintt wife of the abore 
lord.— Sir W. Scott, Bride of Lammer- 
(time, William III.). 

Btt'ser, light potter in Bounderby's 
hank at Coketown. He was educated at 
M*Cln«kumcbild'a *' priwtical school," 
and iKTcanic a gcDeral ajy and informer. 
Biuer fintia out the n^bbery of the bank, 
and di»cs»vera the perpetrator to be Tom 
Grad^nd (^n of Thomas Gradgrind, 
Esq., M.P.), informs o^'ainst him, and 
gets nromoted to his place. — C. Dickens, 
Hard Ti»u:x {in^}. 

"Bim&rre [Be.tar^], the friend of 
Oian'a, for ever coiiuetring and sparring 
with Duratcte [fJunJiut], and placing 
bim in ikwkwivrd prt-dicanients. — Ci. Far- 
quhar, The In^Xfri^iunt (170*2). 

mim P*rT«i'i lut i:trtft4ff»t»ne™ were " Btiarre." March 

Black Agones, the countess of 
March, notedfor her defence of Dunbar 
diirin^f the war which Edward III. main- 
tained in Scottana (1333-1338). 

Wbm im'l * (Ur in lower imd treneh, 
Ttuti iTM^hivt. bhJj^'n>u> Soottirii MBflk, 

] tcHj44 Bl*£l AtfiHw Bt lite f»tau 




M|4 mti tit M«r«v.'— fWattfi 

ir, L It. (Kb tlM.^ filitlKC*. i 

Btiusk A/fma^ the fmvoonU pftlXref of 
Umty qiheeo of Se<vU, 

Black BnrtholomefWt tli« dar 
2000 |yR«brterUit pulon were 

^. Th^ hma no «ltefn#fi ^^^ *"«♦ ^^ 

ihccTitw to the ftrticloi of 111 r 

nounee thctir Imngi. Aiti 
ttmt>«r w«rt C*U(by, B*iUer, una Key- 
•Ms, wbo wrre offmd bithopriei, bol 
rf«f u»e4 the offer. 

Black Bess, the famoui mare of 
IHck Turpio, which carried him from 
Lcmdoti U) York, 

Block Charliep air CbarJca H^plti 

Bluck Clergy (The), monki, in 
tlncu«m to The WhiU C^y, of 
i priota, io RumIa. 

Black Colin Campbell, g«oerml 

ICampbell, in the aniiy of Ueornje III*, 
')ofcrodii«eil by sir W. Seott in IMimu^tkU 

Black Death, fullv described by 
ii«<*ker, K German phyiician. It ww a 

" ' ** typboA, and waa caUcd B/oc^ 
becauee the bodies tnmcd bUek 
tanid pfitiiticalion. — See CvmhUi^ 
May, l«t>&. 

Jn l^tM-9, at !£ft9t half ^f ihf ••utire 
ulation of Kn- 
of fl«,O«)0 .! 

at of lO.rKKl (!5, ^ 

6«oit, \M meant for l>«Tid Ritchie, mhmm 
cMtage was and ttill it on Manor IP^atar, ^ 
in the county of Pccblea, 

Black-eyed SuBaa, one of Dfbdia*f 


Black Flag {A) waa dia|i!ayed W 
Tamerlane when a bestetred eily nefiuea 
to surrender, meaninf^ tliat *' mercy li 
now paat, and Um city is devoted to nttef 

Black Q«org9, the eamekeercr *«• 

Pielflm^'s novels calted j%' /f**lo*y 0/ 

J T<nn Jofi^'f^ J Fuunditn>j (1760). 

lit tick GA/r*ir^ Ceonre Pcir<nrit»«iti of 1 
ScTT'iA, a lirijLCAiid ; called by the Tttrka | 
AWk Ovamj^t trom the terror fa« 

Black Horse f T^-c), ff»e lih l>r%goim 
Guardi {rutt " ' " ga 

called becatL^> 1 ud 

cuITb) are h\:< 
are black and wyte^ atid mi unc time 
their horvea were bla^k, or at any nH 

Black Jack, a large tlairoii* 

Hov nit BlMfc JMdk Ur him lifs indk pk 

Black Kr -'^^ r ** 
IjandB (Ta 


Africa die 

It rjitn*' 



|Vtutt» I 

be r^almvl 

fl^tMHJ ; tit I 

Ariirnnn, a auitiiUcx iifl)'«ii>' Wjuud 

N.B,— Thii form of pcBtiknce orrer 
lad a eecond time* 


111 WmtA S-^Jt Tt'*it m\il>'.i !• BM I*J1M '''1%* 

BUdk I>warf r73U), of air Walter 



not f A» 

com It; I 






' eithrown 

. irurd, 

«ai^l prinMce of 





Shirlfl^ fiUlB into the general exror t 

OwMMlMrtMnad... aadliiilmvvMii . . . 

J M wi i i ^ tM Jfart ^ Hm» jr. 1 (HiO). 

Blaek Biver or Atba'ra, of Africa, 
10 called from the quantity of black earth 
brought down hj it daring the rains. 
Thu earth ia depodted on the surface of 
tbe country in tne orerflow of the Nile, 
Md hence the Atbara ie regarded as the 
** dark mother of Egypt." 

BlMk Sea (The), onee called by the 
Grwks AjcUme (** inhosi»table '*), either 
lecause the Scyuuans on its coast were 
icboepitable, or b ecause its waters were 
daagerooa to navigation. It was aftcr^ 
raidscalled .Autumm ("hospitable ") when 
tbs Greeks themselves became masters of 
it. The Turks called it The Black Sea, 
cither a return to the former name 
" Azinns^" or from the abounding black 

BlMk Thursday, the name given 
in the colony of Victoria, Australia, 
to Thursday, February 6. 1851, when 
the most terrible bush fire known in the 
annals of the colony occurred. It raged 
orer an immense area. One writer in the 
Dewspapers of the time said that he rode at 
headlong speed for fif^ miles, with fire 
rftpQg on each side of his route. The 
heat was felt far out at sea, and many 
birds fell dead on the decks of coasting 
vessels. The destruction of animal life 
and farming stock in this conflagntion 
was enormous. 

Blacks ( The)^ an Italian faction of the 
fourteenth centurjr. The Guelphs of 
Florence were divided into the BlacJU 
who wished to open their gates to Charles 
de Yalois, and toe W?Utea who opposed 
him. Dantd the poet was a *' White,'* 
and as the ** Blacks'* were the pre- 
domiaaat party, he was exiled in- 1802, 
and during his exile wrote his immortal 
poem, the Dioma Commedia, 

Blaok'acre ( Widowy a masculine, 
litigious^^ pettifogging, headstroi 
man. — Wycherly, The Plain 

Blackohester (The countess of)^ 
rster of lord Dalgamo.— Sir W. Scott, 
Fortunes of Nigel (time, James I.). 

BlackfHar*8 Bridge (London), was 
>nce mlled "Pitt's Bndge.** This was 
Ibtj bridge built by R. Mylne in 1780, but 
the isme never foond favour with the 
tcneral public 

>nff wo- 

Blaokg^iards (Victor Hugo sayt^ 
soldiers condemned for some offcnee m 
discipline to wear their red coats (whidi 
were lined with black) inside out. The 
French equivalent, he sap^s, is Blaqueurs, 
"^L' Homme qui Bity II. lii. 1. 

It is quite impossible to believe this to 
be the true derivation of the word. 
Other suggestions will be found in the 
Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, 

Blackless (Jcmia/rn), a soldier in the 
guard of Richard Coeur de Lion. — Sir W. 
Scott, The Talisman (time, Richard I.). 

Blaekmantle {Bernard). Charles 
MoUoy Westmacott, author of TheEngliah 
Spy (1826). 

Blaek'pool {Stephen)^ a power-loom 
weaver in Bonnderby's mill at Coketown. 
He had a knitted brow and pondering 
expression of face, was a man of the 
strictest integrity, refused to join the 
strike, and was turned out of the mill. 
When Tom Gradgrind robbed the bank of 
£160, he threw suspicion on Stephen 
Blackpool, and while Stephen was hasten- 
ing to Cokebum to vindicate himself he 
fell into a shaft, known as **the Hell 
Shaft," and, although rescued, died on 
a litter. Stephen Blackpool loved 
Rachael, one of the hands, but had 
already a drunken, worthless wife. — C. 
Dickens, Hard Times (1854). 

Blaoksmitli {The Flemish), Qnentin 
Matsys, the Dutch painter (1460-1529). 

Blacksmith ( The Learned), Elihu Burritt, 
United States (1811- ). 

Blacksmith's Daughter {The), 
lock and key. 

PlRM It ander Um care of Uie Uaekanlth^dMishtv.^ 
C Dickani, Tal* qf Tw> CUU$ (ISW). 

Blaclrwood's Magasine. The 
vignette on ttie wrapper of this magazine 
b ratiant for George Buchanan, the Scotch 
historian and poet (1506-1582). He is 
the representative of Scottish literature 

The mi^zazine originated in 1817 with 
William Blackwood of Edinburgh, pub- 

Blad'derskate (Lord) and lord 
Kaimes, the two judges in Peter Peeble's 
lawsuit.— Sir W. Scott, Redjauntlet 
(time, George III.). 

Bla'dud, father of king T^ar. Geof- 
frey of Monmouth says that Bladud. 
attempting to fly, fell on the temple of 
Apollo, and «ras dashed to piecss. Bence 




Lear §ww% ^^ By A polio " h« it 

l^trnndel tbiit Apollo wab no fheod of 

■ E^Ui (oQce CAik-d lUcttin), 

xu.i stuuHUnl U» 3kluicr\'A Uhe mcdicmoJ 
Hj-nn^;, which b caMvuH *' Hi*dud'« WelL'* 

31&ir (Atltm), lh(f hero of a n^^vd by 
J» G« LocWban. uQiak-d A^ixm i^i^ur, it 
Sioi-y of Si?^*^ L^f*' ( j7J>t-185l). 

monk« emit 

*' th6 CaIf Tltaiu <ii icDn. — ,Mr >^ , O'.'at, 

/a#r Maktof P^tk (time, lUnry IV,), 

t ,.. , ; .. n..,.7. .tf Rlchant Ptiilip., 

, tic* He issued 

4k">1i-^ uu<Jer ft i.--nin or f'*l»e Dante*. 
BllliAdt * bemiit, who b«ptu«d Uciiifi 

Biam iSt*)t ptkton Miiat of wool* 
eombrrit bec«uae be wat torn to piecta 
with iron comkiiL 

Blandie f I ty',), ooe of the domcstiet 
of l«dv »«tiii« ''lh« betf«tlMd/*— Sir 
W. HehiL Tkt Brtrotktd (dmef Henrr 

fiSancKe {ta frime), tb« aii««i of 

Fmvrc dnriii^; the firat six wc<iLi of htr 

vhood. During this {leriud ©f 

imc «^f fftrnt her time in m cloied 

r>>iiiL « wax tapcTt asd waa 

dtaM< -] white. Manr, tb« 

* tilo ., \ 1 L, wu caUctJ 7^1 rrtW 

e,r dayi «if 

^ (L«t en« 

^ tnak«9i a vow with 

n» n]d maid, aad uf 

lod cars In lort 

,' wrllrr'n ioa. who 

tk.i ti«coniei a emcmei* 

^ume, ardent, briUiifit, 

KAowlee, O^ MoidM 

^nchf»*fleTir (5 t^l*), the heroine 

r.ixuuioe called // 

'fSi^ia Boccaccio 

I rti'iir "' witA thf 


Brit'omBrt, but waa diBcomfitod bf to 

eni'hatir^-J sfFir-ir ; bo next atLaek^ «r 
F* htm tooli 

fT< ni«%t hiai, 

(^lMn, ly. 1 06m), 

Bl&nd^'Tille (Xarf« /..», » 
ndghboor of the Wn jljr, 

afterwarda married to c i i.-- 

Sir W. Scott, H^iRvrtey (uuit. ucorn 

Bl&nd'fox^ the fat^i-^ -* ''■' 
who he pmrnised *ir W 
»hnnld mam)' hii won Ftot 

Belinda waa in lovp 'vu; , snd 

(teofj^e 13d linoDt With r,i , j... ,f|^'i 
iister). U1timat«l> iuaiiLjia j^nixix-^ 
themtelrea, ao thai tbe It^veni m»med 
aecofdtng^ to their in<rltnation<.— A. 
Murphy, AUintht Wrtmi/ (ilin). 

Blazi'diman,thc falthfui man^^erraai 
of the fair BeilJMat, and her attmdMit 
after her divorce. — Vaitmim* and llrvik 

Bl&ndi'iia, wife of the cbfirlieh 

k&i^fht Turi>in, who refused hoirutaiity 
to air Calepioe and hia lady 8«re'aa 
(canto 3). She had ^' the art of a tuuim 
toi^gue, and ino«t eo0i^ii|; manner^, but 
** her worda were only woraa, and all hm 
team wens water" (canto 7). — H'^tsoMi, 
F^ry (^iiAVfi, tv» (i6w). 

Bl&ndlafa« a 
Hia lifllei 

but half vnkif (*\\r\ vanity lo tll«iia yiM 
have W ■' ■ 1). 

MiM* K liatair of th* 

abore, j 
on the 

eji Mt. — 

C...... ....;, .,..^, ... 1). 

Blajie (AW/)f tcwu po6> 


yrntty hlftnOy hts daui^lil«r^ — 6if W« j 
»€X»tt, 0/d MorUd^y (timr, i:jjarie» II.>. 

Bla'ndy, a wcaJthv heir, ruined b^ 
diaaipatioo,^ — CrabtK*, £foroi^jL 


ilafa« a <*practiMd psfwHaw** 
!f »ayi» to hitn, ** lUy joa ted 

vnkif r^^vii vanity io tM* yov 


Tint of I'or'i'irn 'irm Attfxititf^ 

mid that of ** Diaac/ra and 
lit*' /V ta ptfT u *, 

r i^h • Vtaa of 

*ph<!f ♦* mtre gitwi twiiy 

^/' but wae both 

rut, lU 

; Balfour, Hit laoMa 

iWli'^^tir, LJjc .^ ■ " 

ffi»tn hi* apck- 

aoniilcation of 




iphiiiii The beut had 100 tongues and a 
mag. Sir Artcsal muuled the monater, 
and dnies«d it to FadfT-laiid, but 
it brokc/fooae and imined its liberty. 
Sobeaqoently sir Cal'idore (9 $yL) went 
is Qocat of it.— Spenaer, Pitgry Qmem^ 
T. tad Ti. (1596). 

%• "Mr*. Grandy" ia the modem 
Moie of Spenaer's •• Blatant Beaat." 

Blath'erB and Dufl^ detectiyes who 
{areftagate the bnrglary in which Bill 
bikea had a hand. Blathen reUtes the 
tale of Conker Chickweed, who robbed 
Uaiaelf of 8^ gQineaB.--C Dickens, 
(Hwtr 3\€ui (1887). 

Blattenrrowl (The JUv. Mr.), 
Bunister of Trotcosej, near Monkbams. — 
ftr W. Scott, nt Antiqmry (time, 

BlaedincT-beATt Tard (London). 
8o called becaoae it was the place where 
the deril caat the bleeding heart of lady 
Hatton (wife of the dancing chancellor), 
•fier he had torn it out of her body with 
his claws.— Dr. Hackay, Extraordinary 
J*optUar Dduskms. 

BleftUB'oa* an island inhabited by 
pennies. It was situated north-east of 
Ulliput, from which it was parted by a 
channel 800 yards wide.— Dean Swift, 
(hUioer's Travels (1726). 

" Brftaa* b PkMo^ and the inlMMtantior Um Lffllpo- 
dw covt. wbich tontA Gallhr«r to take ibettw tbwe 
athtr thaa b»v» lili •fm put out. b an ludlraet raproaefa 
Boa that IttelM Bnsiaod. and a Tlndicatioa oftha flight 
gOrwmmd and BoUa«brok« to Park.-8lr W. Soott. 

BleiBO (1 syl.) of Northumberland, 
historian of king Arthur's period. 

Ikrlia toM BMw bow khw Aitlnr had tped at tha 
pMt battle, and bow tbc batita anded. and told him tha 
HMioravOT) Una aad knight of wunUp that waNthara. 
And Btobe vmta tha battte wucd for word at Merlin told 
hka. huv It began and by whom, and bow It ended, and 
«hu had tha worn. All tha battJee that were done hi 
kh« Artfaar^e da)^ Merlin earned Blabe to write them. 
Abe he cau^d him tn write all the hattlee that every 
worthy kalght did of king Arthtir'a eo<irt.-8lr T. MaloiT. 
— f^rHmct Arthur. LMiUJO). 

Blem'mves (3 »y/.). » P«»pl« ot 
Africa, fabled to have no head, but 
haTinff eyes and mouth in the breast. 
(See Gaora.) 

rcaplu ahaaa, ore at oeulb peetorl 


ObtoMB speaks of a people of India 
dear the Gmi^c^ ^*^ oervice, oculos in 
kumeris haberAes. Mela also refers to a 
pe<iple quibuM capita et vuitui in pedort 

Blenheim Spaniels. The Oxford 
electors are so ciuled, because for man^ 
fms tfaay obediently supported any candi- 

date which the duke of Marlborough eon- 
manded them to return. Lockhart broka 
through this custom by telling the people 
the fable at tlie JJog and theWolf. The 
dog, it will be remembered, had on hia 
neck the marks of his collar, and the 
wolf said he preferred liberty. 

(The race of the little dog called the 
Blenheim spaniel, has been preserved ever 
since Blenheim House was built for thf 
duke of Marlborough in 1704.) 

Blet'son {Master Joshua), one of tha 
three parliamentary commissioners sent 
by Cromwell with a warrant to leave th# 
rojral lodge to the Lee fiamily.— Sir W. 
Scott, Woodstock (time. Commonwealth). 

Bli'fil, a noted character in Fielding'a 
novel entitled The History of Tom Jones, 
a Fbundlinu (17J>0). 

*«* Blinl is the original of Sheridan*a 
*< Joseph Surface,** m the School for 
Scandal (1777). 

Bligh (WUliam), captain of the 
Bounty^ so well known for the mutiny, 
headed by Fletcher Christian, the inat# 

Blimber (/>r.), head of a school for 
the sons of gentlemen, at Brighton. It 
was a select school for ten pupils only ; 
but there was learning enough for ten 
times ten. " Mental green peas were 
produced at Christmas, and intellectual 
asparagus all tlie year round." The 
doctor was really a ripe scholar, and truly 
kind-hearted ; but his great fault was 
over-tasking his boys, and not seeing 
when the bow was too much stretched. 
Paul Donibey, a delicate lad, succumbed 
to this strong mental pressure. 

^frs. Blimber^ wife of the doctor, not 
learned, but wished to be thought so. 
Her pride was to see the boys in tiie 
larf^cst possible collars and stiffest pos- 
sible cravats, which she deemed highly 

Cornelia Blimhfr, the doctor's daughtei, 
a slim young lady, who kept her hair 
short and wore spectacles. Miss Blimber 
"had no nonsense about her," but had 
grown ** dry and sandy with working in 
the graves of dead lan^ages." She mar- 
ried Mr. Feeder, B.A., Dr. Blimber's 
usher. — C. Dickens, Dorr^y and Son 

Blind Beggar of Bethnal 
Qreen, Henry, son and heir of sit 
Simon de Montfort. At the battle of 
Evesham tha barons were routed, Mont* 





for diiTi'l. A bftroo'i aaiijcliter dw* 

.' auut, ouned him wifil 

nfC, n him. The fruit of the 



f»r» dftufthter/' ffcnfr de MofOtioit 
Hnutned the girb and KtnbUikcc of ■ 
tiliad b«g;:w« to ccMpt tiM iri^gilftDot of 
lung UeQiy'i f|ii«t. 

Dav i.roduecil, m lAM. A dnnM caDed 

' yffjar of BUknai Oreen^ and 

tn 18S4) |>ruduf'<ed liu 

■iM.-M.-i .-.rurna on the taTr- -;-l...-*^ 

Dirre IS [or wap], io the '^' 

K*r-/wl A |iuL>Ii4 -houM iii^ 

iSlind lltrf^^r of BethnAl Green* — Untury 

of S¥jn4narda, 

Chapel Co^ 
i A corTuptio: 

i.. -tie reigQ of I^. ; .. ,, ., „^ 

r the manor of a iuiiEtii luiined 


BUnd Umperor (TV), Ludorig 
liL of Gennazty (tMW, 890-994), 

Blind Harper {The)^ John Futy, 
mhu di^ 1730. 

Joha Sthiiley, ttiostciui and entn poser, 
wmt blind fmm bis birth (17tS-17lM}). 

Blif ■■ 
ar tb' 

liA^'. ...,.,,.. .,„, .* , „,,,..v 

fniiii i« tl,t(t»t linv«. lit iru mitutrel io 
Ihf <t»urt <*f Janiet IV. 

id Keohaaician (7^), Jobo 
' * jrreat m«)LhankcaI renfu«« wm 
u i bi rib. lU died ai CarUtl«, 


J-' '; . ■ . \^ 

(i. a.c. 9«U). 

I'raveller (TAr), lieutenant 

.f», K' t>«vame blind at tbe 

■^^' ' r '. ffcndinjj travelled 

fnund ttie W' I ished an aoc^tmt 

;}«r in i£ii^ 

;sop. a innuKMBf in iUA- 
H/vd by air W. acod (tiiiic» 

Blister. iKr ftjKtliccurv, wKo tatv 

•*Wii}- Voow 

«h«lli' .yria 

XjO^ U» h..--t->i im«i|( 4v Hex, — rjcidiaie. 

tttaa , 

Blithe-Haaia King ( 1%)* Duvfi 
ia au called by CaBdmon. 

> fill Th> Ifcutu fcMrt tt^* 

Block (JAirf^), on« 
of the Eatates ^f Bnr^^ir 

lUpplict 10 """ ' boidj ijrike of 

Ilur>rundy.— ' , Atm£ of Uf^ 

Mietn (time, K 

Blok ^ViAi<;Oi the buU^bat, ofi« of tb^l 
in«t4rjoreota at La«i;c. — Sir \V, Soatt|] 

Queni^n Durnrard (time, Ivdwajd fV.). 

Blondel do Neale U'^^f], th# 
favourite troovtn or vinatrer of fUchaid 
Caaa de Lion, He liwited the iUod^ 
tVji in ^ireaenr^^ of t^uAen Herenitafia, tiat 
iovelvl — 4^trW«Seo4L 

Th€ Ta^ .ard I,). 

Blon'diaa, the a>«itlier of Fainlar 

and two boyt at ooe birth. 8be waa tht 
wife of a kiof, but th« ()iieco-valiMt 
hated bar, and taking; away the Itat 
babea lubtftitiitcfi three |>t]ppiea. UHI* 
matdj her f}> < r<Hllohci^ 

and the quv^ c^r aecoa* 

plicea were u^>, , ..._.— ComUiat 

D'Aunov^ Fatry Tai€a {*'i*aaotm F)U1^ 
•tar,^ 1C«2), 

Blood (Cuiotui Thoma»), emta^ary of 
the duke of Bttrkinafaam (l»;:?)C.irt80>t 
intrfHJuced liry «tr W. Scott in Ft^^t^ if 
iha P«ak, A Dnrd (time, Charlaa iL)« 

V ' T- ^ t.Vii)), a maeaM^c «€ 
ti ' ind loaderv, wkkh 

O' -* iJtei Lbe ci»rtn 

of U*rtAiii*ii IL kiof; af iJeni 
Swadea, and Konrav. The vidLimi 
inrited in att4:nd "Uie ^ - 
were put to the ■mrurd, t 
iM-Jng enetniew of thf> ti 
thia maatacre fell both tiic tAih^ 
brother-in-law of Guetavua YaaA. Tba 
former was nanted Eric Johaniaoo, aa4 
the bitl«rlirmbe (-2 «://.). 

Thii maasacre rrmindi at of IIm 
^* Bloody Wedding,*^ ot tlamchttr ^ 
bu^cti(it4» during the martiaict eai»* 
moniej of Henri of Kavvnt awl Mar- 
garet of France^ in Iblt, 

BIcxMla {The ^(rt) : H^ Tiif n^^i'lU 
of Ulster ; <: 
naught ; (3) t 
(4) yie »VI., 

the M-y V tj^ 

the t\^ . of 

IfiJaiul. anu T 






, sad eoald "ndtlier sue nor be 
MdL" erea do wo to the rdfn of EUia- 

WiUxftoi Ftts-^Bo^er^ lieifig UT»igii«d 
Hth EdTmrd IL) tor the murder of 
mgtx de CkntiloQ, |fle»d» that h« wm 
bot ptiky cif fi^ooy, bccftute bb victiio 
vu Dot of ^^ free blood, "^ Le. one of tlie 
•"tve blomlA of trdud." Tht |ile« is 
•dioilfcttl by iht jary to be good. 

MTipirr irii. ki jIh i^h «f JUml U., « 

(7V)^ Otbo IL emperor of 

BliMsdy Brother (2^), ft tmgcdy 
I7 Bmtraoat Rnd Fletcher {tm^). Tha 
■• bloody brwiber " h Rollo duke of Nor- 
ttind|-i who kllli hii brotber Otto and 
iTTfnl otber perioni, bat 11 himself 
kElcd bltioMtcly by H&moud captftiii of 
the guard* 

HLpody Buteher (The), ihe duke 
ftf CbsiberLiuiiK Jiecind son of Geon^e 11. , 
•D call«d frooi hiji barbaridea in tb<£ sup- 
Vnttkan of th* febeljion in favour of 
CbarLo Kdiriud, tlie young pretender. 
" BUck Clifford*' via alio called ''The 
Boicber ** for hit crtwUieft (died 1461). 

Bloody Hand, Catha^ is aaceitor 
«f ihf^ O'CotiDon of Ireland. 

Bloody Mary, qiweo Mary of Eng^ 
kedt daiiL^hter of Heury VHI. and elder 
hilf^viater of fineco Ktijuibeth. So cjUfed 
ao Biccotmt of the sanjcuinar\' rjenusouttont 
furied on by her a^net tlie ]:>ttU4'!iLant4. 
It ii uid ibat ^M> personn wan burnt to 
death in her abort leign (1516, 1663- 

Bloody Wedding (Thg), tbat of 
Fenri of ^BTiirre with Mir^ret^ iJiter 
ef C.luirle« IX. of France, Catherjui: de 
UedJfriA tQviied all the ehicf protefitaxit 
ae b1«^gi to Ibis w&jdin^^^ but on. the eve of 
the festival of St. Hiirtbolouiew [Atjguist 
llj I57'/K » getierai oiu^UaKbt vae mode 
<Mi all the prote«tiiiila of Vani, and next 
dny the aanie wMiacre waa extended to 
thv ^roni-inceff. The numtwr which fell 
H Hhm wbuUiale slaughter haA been c«ii- 
naat^d nt Lutween 30, UW and 70,000 per- 
•0D» of botli aexc«. 

BlooHLfleld iLtmm)^ m young l«dy 

enga^ to lord Twtterli? the bean at 
60, btit in love with CharieB Dajiren tli0 
embiyo baniiter.— C. Belby^ Th§ Wt* 

Blount {Nkhda»)^ aftcriran!tknigbtr- 
ed I master of the horse to the ean of 
Susaex,— iiir W, Scott, KmUmtrih (tinift, 

Btmtnt (Sir fVadmck}, A dittant rela- 
tive of liir John Vcsey. He had a gr«at 
objeetjon to the letter r, wbteb be eon* 
■idered "wo ugh and waepiog," He 
dreatad to perfei^tion, and though not 
'* wigh} '' pnded himielf on having the 
" beat opewa-box, the best dogi, the be«t 
horsea^ and the beet house " ot any one. 
He liked Georgino Vese\% and as alie hud 
£10,000 he thought he »hudld do hImM;!! 
no harm by ** tuawvwing tbegirL" — Lord 
L, Bolwer Lytton, 'JfciiK-y (1840). 

Biouni {MfMt^}t ft wealthy jtwdlti 
of Ladgnbe HiU, London. An old- 
fashioned tradeinian, not ashamed of hii 
callinff. He had two aojie, John ftnd 
Tboiiiaji, 5 the former wa* his favourite. 

Midrcsa Utuufd, hb wife. A shrewd, 
di»ecrning woman, who lov«d her don 
ThoniaAf itnd saw in him the dements of 
a riifiag man. 

Jt-An hiauni^ eldest ion of the Ludgate 
jeweller. Heing left succeAsor to bij 
father, he M*ld Uje L'oi^ds and set up for a 
insn «f fashjnp and fortune. His vanity 
and snobbism were most gross. He hid 
good-nature, hiit more euoniag tbiin di»- 
crelioQ, thought himself far-seeing, bui 
was most easily duped. **The phaeton 
was built after my de6$^, my lord," he 
flavjJi ''mayhap /tfur lordship lIiiA«een it," 
" My iaiite is drivinj;, my lord, mayhap 
yniir lurdibjp hait eeen me handle th^ 
ribbons." **My horse* are all bloiida, 
□iA3'hap your loniehip has noticed my 
team/' 'M pryt: my»df on my seat in 
the Haddlc, mnyhup' your lordabip has 
seen nie ride." "Jfl am superUitive in 
anythini^f, 'tis in my wine«/' ** Si> plt^ue 
your ladyship, 'tis dress I most excel in. 
. . * "tis WHlkin^ 1 pride uiy&elf in." 
Ko matter what is nsentiotied, 'tiH th« r»ne 
thing he did or had better tbitn anv one 
else. Tills cnneeitcd ff^d wsfi duped info 
be] lev m^; s irarcel of men-abrvants ta be 
lords flud dukcii, and mnde love U' a 
lady'i maid, Bup[H>9in^ her to be a 

JTiiwrut^ liiotmft .John*B brtjtbfr, and one 
of nature's gentlemen. He entered the 
am^y, became a colouei, and married 




lad J BIsDcbe* He i« d«i«*nl*«d m liftiing 
^*% lofty foTCh««d for prinrely Uioiifchi to 
dwell in, fjiHt for lore f>r wmr. a nose of 
GrrrUn uiuuld with ioaeh of RiimA, * 
fnciutli like Cuptil'B tx)%r, Ambitious ^ia 
dimpleci and knobbed.** — 8, KootwIm, 
Qid Mauls (liHi). 

Blouselin'da or Bi^wzKUJfDA, • 

■.bephrrfkw in Invc with Lobbin Clonti 
in rh4 Shgpkerd'i Week. 

Mr Rovrflikte to lh» 

Blow^er (J/rt. Marfforrt), the »hip- 



(tiiue, George 11 L), 

BlUCher wa» nicknafned ^'Maniluil 
Forwardd *' for fait daah *nd readiDCM in 
tbc c<im[«ign of 1813. 

Blue iVari), Orford boat crew. (Set 
Boat C4>ix»rti*.) 

Mim {L*'fU\ Carnhndge boat craw. 
(Sec Boat Coluukii.) 

^Inr ( 7Vw). When it i» laid tliat any- 
fbtog or penMrm i« TVukt Wm*» of TVuc *i# 

ajwuj*-- ^■'-- •'^- -1 - 


le«i faiiiuu- ;uni dvv. 

Tntr lih nrc to un- 

tami^l "'-'-' ' >■'- it de- 

nved a ti>< 

■tftity I than 

lirm> o.r*), 

Blue Benird (La B<sr^ liintt)^ from 

ilic c^m: < < f ni»rle» Prrrnwk (H>P7), 
The * ^ ul i» • mercilesi t^ rant, 

with 1. Hb youn»c wife is 

1 III mrr Lfrnir, 

oLItlerate frooi 


tiibe drof« 
i out bjr |M> 
III* «laui ttf 

Bine Beard, rm hii tetvniL «>•■ I 

her to iTfrcirH for il^-ath, mA hf\ 

n her liit ^ 

' dart of 

1 ! n !u» tiiL " »c*deinT I 
Ilk it wiks liiil«8 del 

UiVftL tuftf^JiJil of] 

iht timclr fLTT 
U MMYed and I 




HuL- ,-.. 

trance tn t4-% who ^air M*» 

ray) mnrdppfd *\x t>f Ii % 

aod was ulti mutely strari 
Another »<*liition is r 
waa count LV^mnnar', an*! 
Triphy'na, *laui^bl*r of 
Count Omouiar waa lit 
tnr- — »^"• '-— "» I' 

weie dt 

of St. '1 , . . ., - 

the huibaiiti f»kin^<^ leAve of htit ; 

wife and entruttiniir t" Her a key j 

room with an open 

are feen the corp 

haniTJn- ; f4) tiK- 1' 



< I the Aruinan Ni>)KtA, Tb«l 

(o 'C» were aL#tfut ftir f t*rtf ] 

fiavs, and ^^31 vt' kint; Api» thtt key* of th« 
rtaUce durinitr tlieir «)>«cni-'e. He Had 
leave to ent^r everv \,\\t rm#' till 
curioi^ity led him t iden 

chamber and moiinr 
liierv, '^" 

air far : 'ii ml 

of It^ n^U^ 

r tb«l 

Blue Fla^ M) in tlM Kmnan itmitittl 
w»9 waniiotr tif dangvc* Urj tttvdka of ^ 
it in hii Anmti*, 

Blue-Qowna. Kinc-'* f**^iJ*^?mm. oi 
privileifed Soitch mrriii 
railed from thctr dress 
tjirtbday each of theee i»#?ci«snien r^fcij 
giveo to hiiu a cloaik of Itet cloH 



pmoFF ha *T«fy jmr <rf tht king** life, 
thtk ^ hwmdj ftod m bottle of iJe. No 
iKw member 1ms been mddt^ liacc 1B3S. 

Blue Hen. * nickname for the itate 
Gf Dd&vTiiTt^ tfkited Suta, Tbe term 
vote tbut r C»ptBL|n Caldwell, «a oBom 
«f tb« i«t L>ela«ttr« tSegiiMnl in the 
Anmeui Wtf for Independence wm nrf 
fsDi flf cu»e-<Dcka^ but nmmtninedl tb^ 
■0 occi wms trnlj j:«in? ninlei^ its iiio4b«r 
wu « *^' bliM beiL'^ Am be w*4 exeeed- 
In^lT pnp«LlA^ bu lament wu eftlled 
**Tbe Blue Hent," »od the term wu 
tflKrirBfiI« tiuitfen«d to tbe vtvte ud 
lt» inJmbilvota. 

fhvr stotAer iftw a Wiw hen, no (fow&l ; 
iRpcnof to ■ braggart, eepe^jaUy to one 
mha boseto ot his anc^rati^. 

Bliue Kniebt J7^)t dr Persamii 
if l&di*, e»Jled bj TenBTwa " M&romg 
Btor" or " Phfwpb^nia,'^ He was od* 
if tbe four brothen vbo kepi tbe pu- 
■f-es <rf Cintlc Fefiloo*, and wii^ OTur- 
Ibnnni by sir Gaieth.—Sir T. Mdorj^ 
Ukkff^ 9/ Primx Arthitt, u 131 (I47U) ; 
TettO|-»citi, Idiil^ ("Giietb aad Ly- 

•^* it i* eTidently i. bbude? in Tenny- 
•oo tu C4ll the Bfm Knight ** Mpraiog 
Sur," and tbe Crveti Kntgbt " Kvening 
Star/* Tbe reirene is curreet, and in 
tbe old rrtmaoce tbe rombat with the 
Gieen Kni^fht whb at day-breaki aad 
with Ihe Blue Knifcbt at «an»ee. 

Blue Moon. Onr^ m a Ww moon^ 
TCfv fantv indeed. Tbe ex predion re- 
ttm'bleft tbaf of "Ihe Greek Kalendi!/ 
wbkb meauft ** neTer^" became there were 
m& Gnek Kalendp, 

Blti« Boaes.^— The blue flower of the 
ller-oan romantie poeti reprcientrd the 
idenl and un»li»in»ble^wbftt Wordi- 
iroftb eallf *'lb« li^htthat sever wnton 
tea or land'*— -and Alljhonj>e Karr, fol- 
lowing in the wake of tue Germaneif give* 
the name of J?Q«f* Bhn* to all impoi* 
iibl* wicbei and de^ires^ 

Bloa-Sldn, Jofeph Bl&ke, an En^- 
fiib burglar, er» called from hli eomplax- 
laa. He w*< eieeuted in t7S3. 

Blu^ {Cnpfum Ni>li)^ a BwtmreHi^ 
NJly «iid bfiaster* He payi, '* I think 
£hiE %i]tinfr t'^f 
cjeot caofle for 
■If, ia n%io<ii nnd tbe lawi. 

""T-v RB^ \naw. ^. t «M u M il H In F%uh|r« tht 
kH "t-Tt^ ^ ■ ■ ^!^^" *** «ad«* MrUiLnc of nHMsmi 

P«B1H| rilm In't . . , WdL T«lU JMI Ihfnk E(, in hH 
Ihk dm* . itet tWvsP* fliiwil »vrar w tnuH) H 

r fiEbting't lake i# iti^- 
|!^tinj^« Fighting, to 


wnBolis flf )f«U Siiiff liMii It he had not bMB 1b Ike 

Bluff BCaJ or Bluff Uarbt, Hcniy 
VllL (1401, 1509-1^7], 

Awl tKOfld tbfl eawit «drUt 

Blunder* The bold bat diBastroai 
chaq^ of the Britiah Light Brigade at 

BMkcla'va b attributed to a blunder; 
eren Tennyaon «iiyi of it, **Some one 
bath blund!cred/^ but Thomas Woolner, 
witb lei* reserve, sayi : 

A pHwrd 
Kv UiPKlir tn^t 1^ dwth, 7m. and ranhnt 

Bltm'derbor© (3 syL), the giant 
wht? w&a drowned bec&uae Jack Bcnttled 
bitt bDjit.^/acl Uu GinHt-kiiUr, 

Blunt (Cd<mei)t a bnuqae royalist, 
who vowi " he'd woo no woman," but 
falla in Iti^^e with Afbella an heiress, 
woos and wins her. T. Knight, who 
baa ctmverted this comedy into a farce, 
with the title of flom^st Thieves^ calls 
colonel Hhint "captain Manly." — Hon. 
sir R. llowurd, The Cmnmittee (1670). 

Btunt (Jlajor-Crneraf), an old cavalry 
officer, mugh in Bjieech, but brave, 
boneat, and a true patriot. — Shadwell, 

Blushington (Edfrard), a bashful 
young gentleman of 2.% sent as a poor 
schaUr to Cam bridge, without any 
exficctationii, but by tbe death of his 
fsther and untie left all st once as *' rich 
as a nabob.'* At college he was called 
'^ the sen HI live plnnt of Brazenose," be- 
eau^ ht WAS alwjkv* blushing. He dines 
by invitation nt Frieridly Hall, and com- 
mits cejUi«le«B blundcj?. Next day his 
college (fbutii, Fmiik Friendly, writes 
word that be and his fistcr Dinah, with 
sir Thomas and bdy Friendly, will dine 
with him. A fret a few glasses of wine, 
be loBca bin liMiHhfuI modesty, makes a 
lonp HpeecJi^ and bcronif? the accepted 
tuitor of thr prettv Misa Ifinah Friendly. 
— W. T. Mont rie^, T/uf Btishful Man, 

Bo or JfoA, says Wsrton, was a fierce 
Gothie chief, whose name was used to 
frighten chiblten. 

Booner'g^e (4 *?//.), a declamatory 
pet jHinwn, who anathematizes all except 
his own "'dei't.*' *' He preaches real 
tOBsing-np discouiBttf but lita down 




pl^iMillir to fail fM^ Mrd mskts lii«^ 

S(i£em Chapei, 

InviUliw In Dr Jfavma W 

-t. rail*; oiMHtIm, oii. 

*«* Dotnerif^ or "mrs of thunder ** U 
the tiAiDc giren by JettM Christ t» Jamu 
•nd John^ becaoM tb«y waaled to eaU 
down firK from facaren' to eonMun* the 
BrnxoMntxa^—Luke ix. 64, 

Boar (Th€\ Richmrd IIL, to cftlled 
tfofsi bii eo^icAace. 


VsOuwil , 

In cxmtempt Ridurd ITU Is cftOed 7S^ 
ifc^^ hcDoe tile popular distidi : 

('^ The Cat" b Catetbr* and **tli« BM" 


Boor (TR* Wii^). This pnWif-hrtu»* 
mpi (W«**m>Tf»-»t#f> it the badge of the 

fy Lame (St Klcbolas, 

W<*r*t. unH from the cojf- 

ni 1II*« became he elopt 

tl. r« the battle of Du*- 

Boar of Ardennes (TTfc* WiW), In 
Prvnc-h f** Stn- - -' Ardmmt 
(2 rv/.)» wag (tu ite ile U 

Jllarc It, M called b<< ^ ^« a« Hevcc 

Si thft irilJ bcuir he UcLi^hted to bimt, 
T^e thmneUiT is tutrodvi^ hy air W, 
Scott m <?ttm£m Ihirward^ undet the 
WKtut of *' \V iitiani count of U Man-k.'^ 

Boards Head '7 
iRiinoitaltxed by s 


^ in 
ba eatnkafiec (>f who 

idf»fil«ott bvcmiiMOTi ^ ^it^n 

•Irw, in the foreM ol Hunikv, a wild 
boar, the terror of all the McrW (1093). 

. ^ ,/;. _^ 


blu. M 

white { 

black All m- 

eo'loar aiul y 

in lAret 

Mi •mi*] OiMMi'i^ gnoi Md wUlit 

%dWvy« red and bine; IXniif^ _ 
blae ; Trinity Hall, hUck and whttr. 

c4««»| JuPffM-, blacl^ 

OxrosD Ckkw: Aiban 
vitii am>ir-hc<ad i Baik>i, 
blii«, white« pink i ^r,i<. 
gotd edjkEcs ; ChriMt 
i«d eardifjal'i bat; 
blttt «thpe; J£d«««oMa 
edjS74 1 A 

ilriiJCi i L>r 
kiUe, pink, 
whit*, hhu 
Tnmtjf, ! 
yellow ij 
ed,kC^ « (- 

f^reen, and 

black, red 

jc. With 

red, with 

t,), red, and 

lod ffd 


pink \ 

QiMvii't, red, 
, whit«Y (^ 1 
tn^^on's bead, 
,ae with wbit« 
Muc. and y«ll<»w 
cd^e« ; Wadham, Uirbt blue ; ITomnlB*, 
blue, wbitCf pink, white, blue. 

Boaa and Jacbin^ two 
pilbirA »ct up by Solomon at the i 
of the temple built b^* him, Bcmt^ 
whicb meanji "stren^rth^" was oq tibt 
left handr and Jarhm^ which roeam 
"nubility/* on the ri|;ht. — t Km^* vii. ?l. 

(The name* of these two pitlan mn 
adoptiMl in tlie craft caUM **Wtm 
Maacniy,") ^ 

Bob'adil, an igomnnt, cl<vW| slMilow 
tmllv, ihorooghly eowanU>% but lliaiiglil 
br nil dapei to be ait amainiig kcMk 

lie lodged with Cob ^tbe wal«r<srrkr^ 
and his wife Tib. Mnj»fr>r 8trpb«Q w«a 
irr^atly ttrurk fritli ^ v oathV* 

Ktirh as *' Hy the iianudi!** 

" Ikidy of t*4r»arl'* % g«nUi^ 

man and a stdd'ter ! ** Hid tki ice t» tmv% 
the '*xf«n9e of a uttindini; nrmr is in* 
tmitahle for its conceit and abrarditys 

" I vtmU bImc is it.M* bi mr^ Ekf«i^««| o^ luid| 
fffillMMai tS^ ikoKU hau til • iiM« ntWH wS »lto «*- 
■Ui&thw. J iraiiM ObMw t^MR ^ ■» liitfdM«, . , , mS 
I VMlit liMca laem lU ft^ciat ««!■ ^unjwpffMli 
pivf r f«iM«l *«f:r Mif w wMl •■ ««iiil ftii* M«% «f 
tiM I — l uf v«r» «* «iiBMa •* ^ v^ ' 4^ 
iMMi St •# |b« MMHf , ... 101 Ikmmi cMl^V ^ 

«Mi» hO itaa t IS BM«. kS] am m*i _ . «i9 
•MaitelS*S«r.«haralOteDN. . , «iIk4w. iraK 
s llk>niM»4 : saSA^ « «M> 1^ 91S dqvt tMSiMB ai^ 

^ "IT Til r^^- Tin mi I II lii i> )mn>jmH«^ a S« 



The name was probably s iMMit ed ^ 
BolMtillla tint govemorr of iSib^ whs 
SQpeiMded Colimbiis scut hum* » 
ehntnt oo • most fHToloos chaigst. 
SiuilUf ehanutars ftre ' ' McUroon '" 




ffl^wmiiwt ttad fletfiHtf^. (See rIjo 
fUiii.f9c», B4> Captain 
BnAics, Caftair Koli, BiAjrr^ Bin 
f ETsa^fKi. FuL^Bt SACKir Jk3tr^ Yimcxnt 

Bod«fifa QUar OT "Gtey Sptctrt," 
ft botuc demofi of the Scotch^ umil&r to 
tbi triiii banshee. 

Soe'lOOiidU ^^ ChmtJAa kiii|^ of 
Aatipdw who trj«d to tudi his mbjecta 
Bitiii bw, uid fvligioEi, He ift of th« 
Kofmui n», Koge'ro'a btvther. aod aod 
«f Bulwito Gin*car'do.^Tu*a, Jervtaimi 
T (1576), 

Ham, cAta DOAbk to up* 
I muiic aad rhetohc. Bfisotia wu 
_ I st by tht AtheniKEiM far thQ did- 
wtm *zid sin pidity of tt» lnh»bit«ata. 

Bttlif (FVomi df}^ A |i:tg«atic fcfodous 
%11owcr of pfincc John.^ — ^it W, Scott, 
hmhot (tiiD«, Eichftrd L>« 

Boflin (A»o»lnMti»), *'th« golAw 
imt/lUPMUt^ fo rem so of old John Hani^oo, 
dwtmvi aod miser> lie w&s ^* a broad, 
nqnd-^nalderedt one-iidcd old fetlowi 
vhcve f&c« WAA of ihe rhmotem« huitd, 
With ovcr-Jappi&g eiiffl," A kind, abrtwd 
mmn wu Mr. Boffio^ devoted to his 
wife, vboin he gremtly ftdmired. Being 
leddiwry legatee itf Joho tJAimafi} duat- 
mmn^ he cure iti for £100, 0(30* After* 
wuda, J^ohn Harmnii^ the ton, being 
dttcoveredf Mr. Iktffin iorrendered the 
pttroerty to bimt *nd lived with him, 

JWf», Bu^n^ wife wf Mr. N. Bofliaf nod 
dsufthtef of a cat'a-ment mao. She wa« 
a fut, smilingt ffood-t^tn pered creattire, 
the fcrraot of old John Hsmii'iit doitt- 
man aod niii»er, and Terr kind to the 
KiNfr's acm (voting John IJannon]^^ After 
Mr* Bn^n r«[ii« iiilo bis fortiis^e the 
became " a hi|^h flyer at faBhion/' wore 
bladi ▼elTvt and uble, hut retained her 
of heart and love fa? htr ho»* 
She w»i devoted to Bell* \\'Ufer* 
who vltipuitely became th« wife of 3^oun|r 
lobn HarmoOj n/ieu Eoke«mLtb. — Cl 
Diefceu, Om- Mutml Friend {imi}, 

fio'gio* one of t!:^e aUiefl of Charle- 
e&^n>e« He pr^'oiincd hii wife to return 
wi^n ai^ moffiOia, but w» slain bj 
DaidlfittUo, ^ — AfioilOi Orlando Furioto 

Bqglfi Swindle il%9)f m jcigftatia 


fwindlini; Bcheme, concocted at PAris hf 
fourteen aliarinrrs, who expected to cletf 
by it At lc4u»t a million sterling. Thii 
ewTDdJe was c^tpoeed bv O'Reilly in the 
loTVj newspaper, and itt corpontion of 
London thsaked the proprieton of that 
jonroal for their public aerviccs. 

Bo'|rU0, sham, forged, fraudulent, as 
bf>pi9 currencf/^ bogus trantactions; said 
to be A corruptioa of Borghese, a swindlefi 
who EuppUed the North American Statet 
with counterfeit bills, bills on fictitious 
baak», and iham mortgages. — Bottom 
Daiiy Ctitir^. 

Some think the word a cormpCion of 
Bocua] Focuat and say that it refers to 
'le German "Hocus Focus Imperatus, 
wer nidit siebi ist blind.'* Tne cor- 
r^pondtng Frendi term is Pasae mM9cad§, 

Boha'tnia, any locality frequented by 
jouroAlieit^f jLrtbts, actors, opera-singers, 
sp4>oteTB, and other similar characters. 

Bobamian (A), a gipsy, from the 
French ncition that the first gipsies came 
from BaheiniA, 

A Litrrar^ Bohemian^ an author of 
desultory worke and irregular life. 

Hh|!4V wmt f&«n ui editor with \am about bim of Um 
Ulcnrr Bu&Aoilui. — rortnightlw KarUw (" PMtOB 

HQhanitm Litrraturey desultory reading. 

A Buhetnian Life^ an irregular, wander- 
ing, reatleea way of living, like that of a 

BoliamoiLd. prince of Antioch, a 
crusader,— Sir W. Scott, Count Mdbert of 
Pixnit (time, Kiifua). 

Boii'gelin {The young coutUesB de)y 
tot rod Hi. yd in the ball given bv king 
Ri^nc at Aix.— Sir W. Scott, Anne of 
Geterstein {time, Edward IV.). 

BolEt^Qiiilbert {Sir Brian (Jb)y a 

r<rcc«^ptor of the Knights Temp'ars. 
vsnhoe vanqiainhes him in a tournament. 
He ofTers in»ult to Rebecca, and she 
threatcnn to cAst herself from the battle- 
mests if be tooclies her. When the castle 
is set on fire by the sibyl, sir Brian 
oirries off Ketiecca from the dames. The 
Grand-Master of the Knights Templars 
ehuxea Rebecca with sorcery, and she 
denmode a trial by combat. Sir Brian de 
Hois-GiuHiert iji appointed to sustain the 
char^^e a|piinftt her, and Iranhoe is her 
chAtnpion. ^ir Brian being found dead 
in the Usts, Rebecca is declared innocent. 
— Sir W. bcytt, hanhot (time, Richard I.). 

BoiitereTt one of the seven attend- 




maSM of Fofito'idd. Hit gift wts lh«t b« 
crreituni a wind-fftill w!<h km 


. bMv. 

II. r 

::* «t 

1 '1 

Bold Beftuch 

' A'-4Xni]« « 

cm: • 

* ^ lies." 



»ho, witli 


jft*eniircw ft 

1 at 

H...'- m \ 

Irrmnoiu. /'v^vIMm. tV«L (\mi 

Bold stroke for & Husband, a 


............ She 

to iL^et liftck at) 
f- ^ bad made t»v«T 

t*"* lit- nU?5r(H«;^ nn«! (tutj MTCd huf h|ll« 

Uiud from niifi (17^^). 

Bold Stroke for a Wife, Old 

I^nrly at dcsLFi Irft Li» datigbter Anne 
C30»O<Ktt but witii Ihii pmrijin. tint ilie 
Ha* to forfdt th^ motif y if ^i 
withr>iit Uic consent of bcr 
Kow, bur f^oardiana wew fcmr 
sod tlifir cbaiacteni lo v 
frft^Tit iJ^ftt *M!ipy nftvcr f^^f 


tr-. ■■ -' ■ r. - 

won the hctrcti. 

"^«iv«/'afnl t r 

r-i jiftTtt cf Ireland, 

Bol6tcr»a faiticiiu Wnth^ tfha cnm- 
ficlled St. A^t* to j^t^of ttp rhf l^nlden 
wliicb infcated hit U rritdl 

U'lfvv aiironfult tfi tl> qm 

cAlkd St A^«' Bc.1 iTi'k 

BoUton {«^iimrtA),Mi EnfUabi 
in n^*» MoHtiMtrfy^ ft Dord iry iir W, 
Scott (time, EH/ali«th). 

Bolton Abb. Thit 

Ui htLve chewed tobacco and 
— Dr* Ihtrnn. 

Bomba { Kinrj)^ a nicknainc 0^fm* to 

Ferihrinnil it. df \:^:.t* *. in •'r»TI#tnliei}Clt 

of ' M.tti'tyiiv 

JHi 1 l*feJcnm) 

in jnf.w, IB caiiip<] VL>iftrKin fko (** 



la »Mi4 hlii« lMabi¥ h>|>i9 iMga. 

Bombftrdin'ian, pi^eml f*f tbe 


/»ufoniA4o/4>i7o< (a biirleaqae)^ 

Bomb^stes Furioao. g«B«nl off 
Artaxaot'inaua (king erf UtopMl)* Bt 
l« jdighted to DifrUffi'tia. but Aftuc- 
aounouj protDiBca h^ *' balf-«-cTown ** If 
the will fonakc tbc gtncral far htrntdf. 

*'Thia briL'^lit ri'T*ard ttt t'Vf^r-A^nntr 

minds " 

ft««a hin 

bangs b J ■* ■ ■ - - ■ > , , — ■ ^ v, : , • . . , . ,-t i 

duly di^'f \ ' i 


The kifu 

dance, tiroiiti(*i 

'* 1*1 du- 11. 


irtfT(t IT r 

t»W, fri«' 

faroe tbi 
: ]uis Ibe 

ic* Ukt% 
- ^W* B. 

*iy of Oiowli/ 

^ »,'cljfa, be- 

ntinl for 

« OrlaaJtf 

ni« a;'ri ii«.-«. 




la Ibe Sekmartal, by the duke of Back- 
n^hAm, Bajes* troop« are killed, every 
■an of tiiem, by Drawcanair, but revive, 
and ** go off <m tibeir leea.** 

See the tranalataon of Ikm OrnxoUt by 
a H. Wilmot, Eaq., iL 868 (1764). 

BcmhoMtet f\triom> (The f)rench), eapi- 
tftine Fiacaaae.— Th^phile Gaatier. * 

Bombas'tus, the familv name of 
ftaacelena. He la laid to nave kept a 
ffcall devil priaoner in the pommel of hia 

Bill II k»^mimV9hM 
■ma la Um MMBd of hb flWoH. 
TkM taaght him aO ths cnnaloc pisnki 
or pMt aM taCB* aoanteteiikiL 

& Batter. MmdOrm, B. t. 

Bo'naparte^ Cancer. Napoleon 
jsffered mm an internal cancer. 

I . . . woiM maA nAmr imf a awmd itl^irtloii 
Sm'DM Immn. b. U (USI). 

Bonas'sUBy an imaginary wild beast, 
vhidi the Ettnck shepherd encountered. 
(The Ettrick ahepherd was James Hogg, 
the Scotch poet.) — Nodes AmbnmanoB 
(No. xlviii., April, 1830). 

Bounaventu're {Father)^ a disguise 
assumed for the nonce by the chevalier 
Charles Edward, the pretender. — Sir W. 
Scott, BedjauMtlet (time, George III.)* 

Bondu'ca or Boadice'a, wife of 
pTKsn'tafnis king of the Ice'ni. For the 
better security of his family, Prssutague 
made the emperor of Rome coheir with 
his dau^ters ; whereupon the Roman 
ofScers took p«>((session of his palace, 
save up the prinoesses to the licentious 
brutality of the Roman soldiers, and 
scourged the queen in public. Bonduca, 
roused to vengeance, assembled an army, 
burnt the Roman colonies of London, 
Colchester [Cxma/bcftrntmilfVerulam, etc., 
and slew above 80,000 Romans. Sub- 
sequently, Sueto'nius Paulfnus defeated 
the Britons, and Bonduca poisoned herself, 
A.n. 61. John Fletcher wrote a tragedy 
entitled Bomduca (1647). 

Bone-setter {The), Sarah Mapp 
(died 1736). 

Bo'ney, a familiar contraction of 
Bo'napartc (8 syL), used bj the English 
in the early part of the nmeteenth cen- 
tury by way of depreciation. Thus 
Tbom. lioore speaks of "the infidel 

Bonhonune ( Jacques) ^ a peasant who 
interferes with politics ; hence Uie peasants' 
•ebellioTi of 1358 was called La Jacquerie, 

Hie words may be rendered *' Jimmy** or 
"Jhonny Goodfellow." 

Bon'ifiEU^ (iSK.), an Anglo-Saxon 
whose name was Winifrid or Winfrith, 
bom in Devonshire. He was made arch- 
bishop of Mayence by pope Grw^ory HI., 
andiscalled **The Apostle of the Germans.^ 
St. Boniface was murdered in Friesland 
by some peasanta, and his day is June S 

... In Prtariand fin* 8t BonifMM oar b«l, 
Wbo of th« «e of MmU. wMle tbarahe wt piiwiMiiJ. 
At Dockam had his dMth. by tkithlM Priiiaiu slain. 
Drajrton. iVyelMoa. zxIt. (Ifttt). 

Bm'ifaoe (Father), ex -abbot of Kenna- 
qnhair. He first appears under the nama 
of Blinkhoodie in the character of gardener 
at Kinross, and afterwards as the old 
gardener at Dundrennan. {KennaouKatr, 
Uiat is, " I know not where.")— »ir W. 
Scott, The Abbot (time, Elizabeth). 

Bon'ifaoe (The (Mot), successor of the 
abbot Ingelram, as Superior of St. Mary'a 
Convent,— Sir W. Scott, The Motuxstery 
(time, Elizabeth). 

Bon* if ace, landlord of the inn at Lich- 
field, in league with the highwaymen. 
This sleek, jolly publican is fond of the 
cant phrase, " as the saying is.'* Thus, 
** Does your master stay in town, as the 
saying i's ? " *' So well, as the saying is, 
I could wish wc had more of them." 
** I'm old Will Boniface ; pretty well 
known upon this mad, as the saying is.** 
He had lived at Lichfield " man and boy 
above eight and fifty years, and not con- 
sumed eight and fifty ounces of meat.** 
He says : 

*' I haw fed pureljr apon ale. I haw eat my ala, diank 
mf ale. and I alwajn nleep upon my ala.'— 0«wa* Parqa* 
ter. TK0 aMMX* Straiagam, L 1 (1707). 

Bonne Heine, Claude de France, 
daughter of Louia XII. and wife of 
Fran9oisI (1499-1524). 

Bonnet {Je parte a fnow), " I am 
talking to myself.*' 

Barpagafk. A qui tu parle f 

La FUc«. it perie k mon bonnec 

Mollire. VA^ar*, L S a«7|. 

Bonnet Rouge, a red republican, 
so called from the red cap of liberty 
which he wore. 

Bonnivard {Franqoia de), the pris- 
oner of Cbillon. In Byron's poem he 
was one of six brothers, five of whom 
died violent deaths. The fsther and two 
sons died on the battle-field ; one was 
burnt at the stake ; three were imprisoned 
in ^e dungeon of Chillon, near the lake 
of Geneva. Two of the three died« aoA 




FrmncMiii wmt Mi »i libertT by liroH Um 
lt«»niaLf. Tbtr were iaoirrenavd by 
the dnke-ljithop' of S«voy for repubJicftn 

BouBtet'tin (NicAotoM), tiie old 
deputy «f Sehwitif Mid one tof the depv- 
ti«f <^ the Swiit caorederacy to Uft«rki 
dftke of llor^ndy.— Sir W« Scsdu, ^nut 
«^ GntrtUim (time, Edward IT.)* 

Bon'tampa (Jio'jer)^ the peiwmi- 

of t£ftt ' 

Bon'Uiron (Aniktmsiy, 

buoyant ftpirit ivhich la 

alwsra ** inclined to hope rather ihaa 

frar,'^ and in the rrry midnij^^ht t»f dia- 

Ireae It ready to exclaim* ^'Hiere'i a good 

lime c^Mtitng, wait a UtUe longer/* Tbe 

^ftrtclcr b the cnatioa of lleimqgcr, 


Vm mm litHMt. 

la^L_ .,_^ 

*- rtin« 

of Ra- 

to marder 

» le Glover 

(' uthe tn«r- 

dexed Oliver uirlcdd, L> £ui*L£Lke. When 
^argvd with tlic cnmc, be dcnianded a 
tzkl by tombat^ and l^euifC defeated bv 
KiQJth, eonfcMcd hii sialt and waahaxtged. 
tic waa rvatoresd to Ufe, bat betor: a^ia 
•npreheaded waa e.^eeuted-— Sir ^ . Hcott, 
Fiur Maid «/ i'rrth (time, Henry IT.). 

Bon Ton, a farce ^'' '^~ A. ji^ 
^mtfEb if to «how the es r the 

intrnducLioa of f oreij|m m ► 'c^^ 

■KUtniiu LordMiniicinni'^it' 
and rtina with Miaa Tittvp. 





e^ ' 

I a in Biifc ' \ ir<i«>j. 

Boo'byiZ-^r K 

trie* to »e*l 
Andrew t. 1 
lot laa-* " ' 
A earirn 

Boone (l «y<.)t colooei [afterwarda 
^^gvnccat**] Daniel Boocbt, in th« United 
ililat' Mtrnce, waa mie of the eartieat 
Witiafi m Kcntitrky, where he aignaltzed 
hJMirlf by mm,tty darioff explaita aj^ainal 

And I... 

ip te engaged to 
n»tleVf who do«i 
fhinkt tfaia aoirt 
i.ftble. "Y<will 
.lalaoiied Qotiooa, 

i, vnV*^ rjp*Urt , who 


V i* 


Booahallooh {N^, eowbtid la 
tan Eachin H'lan, chiaf of the cIm 
QuheJe.--Sif W. Scott, /mr Jfotf V 
Perth (time, Henry IT,), 

Boo'teii (S «y(.), Aicaa aoo of Jttpilv 

aad Calisio. One day hia mother, io the 
Mmblance of a hear^ met fum. And Araaa 
w«a oo the p^^int of ki^ "iib 

Jupiter, to piwv-ent the im i«i 

him into a cnnvtcllation^ tumr i^'^ur* «f 
l^raa i/iyV.— Pawaiiiaa, Itimermt^f sf 


onir bMiM tb* iD^ 414 fl^fiw 
lU ifcoaM tM wiiiiww g( h» m^mttm 1»f 

ldi«a lrui<k«. f|f jtt^ift^ 

Booth, bttshand of Amelia. 8akd to 
be a drawing of the author's own character 
and experiencea. H« has ail the vicei of 
Tom Joooif with so additional ehan of 
meaoacae.— Fielding, Amu4ia ( 1 75 1 ). 

Borachlo, a follower of don Joha 
of Aragon. He Is a ipvml viUain, e»- 
m^ to Marfraretf the waitick^^wowiMi of 

Hero Shaketpeara, ilac4 

NoiAniif (ieU0>. 

AifMcA'KH a drank ard. (9 
racAo^ ** dmnk ; " burracht^a^ '* a tippkr.'^ 

-W^^fomitlm^id* •*". Iff* uj.^ m* 1 1 w '■■ «wi 
mitan miA % ^wmi ■ f -mO^D' 

w. Gotmrvfc rw »« 

liorxichto {J of tht 

Eagle hotel, IQ !:^UuiAni n^— Jcphaoo, Jtot 
8tnn»jt to your Hoti {175i-i)» 

BoT^ak ( AO, tht aniattl 
Gabriel to convey Maho«n«t to Ihc i 
heaven. The word meaaaa ** U^takamT 
AI Borak had the lace of a man, but^a 
cheek* of a bor»e; its vves mtn Uka 
jacinLhs, hut bhlUant u tlrV^ 4Ur» ; it had 
•aKle'ii wiii^, ch^Uftivii mil ovtr With 
tadiani %ht, and it #t^«k« wkIi a humaa 
roiM* This was one of th* ten aotmata 
(Qot of the race of oiaa) laccfrad iata 
paiadtM. (See AxixALa, ele.) 

iia «M IMT ■! #ili Iw «*<rT lira* ^ 


•rw*lvi»«wiAtaafaiii; hb — awai Jli ^^ t*^^^i 
li* h«i i «hJi* <ter M nil airarail, a, mm vavMb 
«n««L • MAM «* (04 ««I|, aM • lattiwa ^i|«Mil 

Boras, Koaa- or Orapoo'cUim^ 
a »t4>Q« axtractcd fnnn a to^t. H ia lat 
aaLtdot« of poium,—JH»m^ «f Shmm^ 

,. ,t^ latA mt$ m4 mil ft 
Www rw ■ Pill IX mmA ^ <^ »^1 
ai»aMaM««. .4« r«* amp m, iMiik w. i iMift 




Border Minstrel ( This}^ uf Walter 

Fwrrtm Jtttriiibti. 

Border States (of North America) : 
Dd»r*re| H«i7Und, Yirgioi*, Kca- 
faekji and MiHoan^ So olied becaiu* 
Htfj bodtlcrcd Qp(m tb« lin^ of Fr«« 
Btitei ifid 8]AT#4ioldii]g St»tM. TIm 

Bare (I '^^^ m tidat wure* The 
lunit ftre Chwe <d the Gfto;^ (^tfie- 
diUTtbc UooghljT binDdi)i £imlim&piitnLf 
•nd ladtti* lo Gvnt Britauit the 3«t«iti, 
tbe Ti«atL Uie Wjr^ Hi* SoIva^, tbe D«t 

ftpd tb« Liiii«. Thst of tli« Triot v 

Bo'reas, the north wind. He lired in 
a eftT« on ID aunt HiemiiS, in Thnce. 

Bor^zift (Xrit'Tsfirw di), diichi^99 of Fer- 
n'n. vdie of dc»n Allontd, Her tuititml 
mm. ycfUHi'rD wu bmngbt up b_r a ibhcf * 
piMi Id Kftplea^ bttt wht^Q he grew to 
maalKiod a itraogcr g&ve bLm a |uiper 
tiun luB mother. anDonncing Ut him that 
ke was of oobk btoodi but conc«aliD^ hi« 
mm^ «nd frnmll j. H« Mved the iUe of 
Oni^iii ID tb« battle of Kim^iiiif uad thej 
becaiBC iwom fneadi, la Veoioe he waa 
ratrudiicred to & pmrif of oobl^s^ nJl of 
wliom bad aome tale to tell aguiast Lu- 
Q«tia: Drnol tuld him ehe had murdered 
ba btotlicr ; Vitdlit thai ibe bud c4oeed 
bit nzicle to be dlain ; LiverottOf tkat «he 
k^poUooHl bi< ancle Api^ta^no; G&zelLa, 
ttiat wh^ h^ caaaed one of his relativw 
to be dFowncd in tlie Tiber. iodigDaat at 
tfww »ctJ ul wick<;dae«i, Geatmro tltuck 
of the B ftntn Lh« ^atcheou (jf tLc duke'a 
palae« at Fotmr&i cb&D^ng tbe najue 
Boil^ ioto Orgiii. LuerezU pmyed tbe 
dnke to put to death dte mjin who bod 
fliBi Inaiuted tJbeir noble houifc, and Gen- 
gwro waa coodemtied to d^th by poi^n* 
Locnsiitt to $ave biiUi gmv^ bira ui aoU^ 
df'te, and let bitn out of pri!^)ii by a secret 
door, SooQ alter bia ]ibenti*m Oie phnc^as 
Kegftmj, A friend <if Ihe Bor(fi»», gave a 
pud sappfTf to whicb Gennaro and bis 
COED pan lonA wi3r« invited. At the cIo«e of 
lb« Wiquet tbev were aIJ arrested by 
IjMacEia, «fter Laving dnmk poisoned 
wine. Gennnrti was totd he waa tbe m>a 
af Lncreaia* and died* Locrezi* no Boone; 
mv him die than ibe died alaoi. — Dotiir- 
BCBi^ Lvcr^xi^ di Bort^ {an opcnh 1B3&). 

BoroeOile (3 *}/L)^ & tnaliGiotu cooa* 

•eUof of tlie gnatMioke of Uofcovia^^ 
B«aitmonb utd Fletdieit Tha L&yid 

Borottgh ( 1%^}, io ten-BTllabl* ^rai 
with rhvmea, in twenty-four Vtten, ia bj 
Georgt CfiLbbe {1810). 

Bor'oughcliff (G^m), m wnlgar 
Tuikeei, boajtfnlf conceitedi and ilangy, 
" 1 gucM," ** I reckon," ** I ealeulate," 
Are U3ed indlSferciittf by hi nit and bo 
per];ietually api>€ab to eertceant DrilJ to 
c&ndrm hiii boastful assertion! t aa^ *^ Vm 
A pppttv ironiidembU favourite with th« 
ladiea;'am't I, Ber^eMit Drill?** "My 
character for valDur la pretty well known | 
iWl itj aermnt Drill?" '* If von onc« 
Mw me in ttattle, ynn'd never forgtt it ; 
would he^ sergeant Drill ? ** " Tin a sort 
of « kind of a hanentity i Am't 1^ aerjireAnt 
Drill V" etc. He ia made the butt of 
Ijon^ Tom Coffin. Colonel Howard 
wjidies him to marry hie niece EAtharine» 
bat the young lady das jrivCTi her heart to 
lieu tenant Eumstabte, who tums out to 
be the colntiel't ton^ and succeeds at last 
in marry ing the lady of bis i^ecttatL — 
E. FitibAll, JAd Pilot. 

Borre (i ayl.}, natural son of kta^ 
Arthur t »nd one of tb« kni|;hts of the 
Bound Tablex His mother was Lyo- 
nor$, an earl's d Slighter, who came to do 
homage to the youn^ king.^Sir T, 
MiiJury, History of Pnmx ArtAw, L 15 

*,* Sir Bora de Ganis is quite anothcT 
person, and so h king Jk^ of Gttal. 

Borrioboola Qha, in Af ricA. (S«t 

Borro'iaeo {CAorfcj), cardinal and 
archbishop of Milan. ImmortaMxtrd by 
his aeIf-d(fVuCion im nunistehn^ at MiPan 
to tbe plagiie-BtrickeD (U'^«-l^^^). 

St. Knche, who died I'd'ilf dcroted 
himself in a similar mannar to tlioa« 
striL!kKo with the plA|]^eat Piacenia; and 
Moin|xe«son to tbe {neople of Eyam, In 
1720-'J-2 n. Francis Xavier de Belsunco 
was indefatigable in ministcriog to tL« 
pUglie-stricken of Marseilles. 

BorrtJWillg. Who fjoeth a-horrmrmg^ . 
giteth u-^cmiinit^, — T. TUflsar, /Vn* //uh^ 
tfrtJd I'oints of Gvod itus/bawiry^ ict S 
and again xlii. 6 (L^57). 

Bore {Kifuf) of GatU, brother of king 
Ban of Iknwicke [? Brittany]. They 
went to the aid of prince Arthur when 
he WAS first eutabliih^ on the Britub 
tbrouep and Anbar promised ia retura U» 




aid them o^tnvt king C1&a(inA, * ' * mighty 
tamo of m«m." who frarrod agiimat t^eiiu 
—Sir T. MAlOTy, UnUtry of J*rm<ot Arthur 

f>Mn tn •*• tevti^Pin tafmidl Ifaa ■». wi4 tiMif lria«s 
lotti . . . Ibt HM tal^l klM •ko flf BiMvlche. ui4 tli« 
«thv UikI Um Bi«* bT 0^ iCut Im rrmncB.— ft LA. 

(Mr Bors wm of Gftitb^ th&l is, Wales, 
md w«» a kniglit of the Rotmd Table. 
80 dfo wae Boire f oattual son of prince 
<rUturh kUo called fir Dors touietmieA,} 

R4jr9 (^rj^ called tir Bom de (ranit, 
brother of ftiT Lioncil and mephcw uf sir 
Ijianarlot. •' For all wcpmtfn wa* he 
A virk'i^, »iivc fnr on*, th<? ilaughter of 
kr^ oil wlinm be had a 

rti * ; wiYe for ben sir 

h' the 

s^ j!tU'r 

frf ' th:iL Llie child 

n. 1 knl^bt as his 

ft ij^ioQ of the holjT 

i;r d him ; for^— 

trttflai « ItoltearaMr or «bM 

Bode b alio in Contrail, on Uie Briotol 


r A. nil tiM ^linri li 

WDM IM 4ufr* tak (Mr «i|bt. 


S\t Bors was with tir Galahad and tir 
r itfi the consecrated wafer 

a litibleaod bodily appearance 

nl _ - :ur» Aod this it what i« 

nicani by achievin;: the holy frreal ; for 
iilkca Ihcy partooik of the wafer their 
rres mw the Saviour enter it.~&ir T. 
HUhinr, ffiitoru 0/ /Vraas Arthwr, iiL 

N.B«— Tliift nir T^ -H be con- 

1 with lir I iral son of 

Afthur and 1.,.,...... .^AMghtet of 

tbe^cixl Sartaiii, pt, i, (6), nc»r yet witli 
kiog B««s of Gaul, ue, Fnisoe (pc. L 8)< 

BortolL tho bntl, in the beaifc-cpie 
cailed JKiiyiMnf ^ ^ox (1498). 

BaB'0(tn'[AlmogaVa.]« a Spnmsb 

p »rith those 


Bouni'iia, daughter of fln^l kinic 
•f HatTiA (tinrth-weit coast nf Scodaod). 

BoM«nf Arihttrian tmod^ is B<israat)ei 
Id CMnwall* on the llriKtnl QianDcl. 

Boaau (it^n^kh Fnodi tcholar ni 
eiitic (16S1-1$80). 

(I think Sterne mean» the Abb^ Boasot, 
the nuithemiiti* '"^' *l'^ -mrii- irT*.l the 
hook oil iL!f'*l»'i ;" 

or jMirhajja he w . : Tirt 


Bossiit (Ahhtr ChtrtAM), a <«J«bmiid 

I- ! a host 

of I rs that of 

M* fA<.*j€ lii^^n.t in Mivcnd cduoUional 
works in Frtoich,) 

Bo0t&'nA, on« rA tfiiigitlan 

of the old umu k«I> -1 firinet 

Ajisad in '>rvler t-' il.-; ;. aa^fUlM 

on *^the i^ery mountain/* His otkiir 
daughter wan named CatVma* l^v old 
roan enjoined tlicsc two daiighteft la 
•couri^c the phnee daily with the bw* 
tinado and feed hitu wuh itnmd and 
water till the day 
After a tinie^ the *h< 
ened towards ^ - 


lea«cd hia 
AoijjriiL'li out IK 
wife, and U^catll|. i.n 
la wliich he wa« alr^ 


point i>\ 



arm Wn* 

ina ooCW 

•lid sh* ve* 

made her kit 

not a 


the nu 

1 on th« 

ly tilth* 

. - ' 11 Jw manf 

L?" rieaceni 

' - rovers a 

no ooi^ 

who **if 

liilily ' 

11 Uvea t€89> 

una ins i?n»LiicT iirnjafd 16119^1*77. 

Both well (Smjmmi)^ aitt* f rands 
8bewart« Id tlie myal annjf.— J^»f W» 
i^fNitt, eW Mortdt$t^ (time. Chartcs 1I«), 


(X*tJy), tistei of My 




A- (hngrev J^iktMii^ thd luubuui of 

diution of the ptoiy. Aunt M&fjifHr^t 
prDpa*rd m tue lira. Hmrgaret'B tomb- 
itoDt for b«r oira.— Sir W. Hcott, Atmt 
Mm^agrtB Mtmr (time, Willbia II L)^ 

Bottled Beer, Ate:3t^d€r Notr^It^ 
*iithof of A ceJ«hrHl«d Latin catechism 
vhidi firv£ appAred in (570^ tinder the 
litl« of Ckn^tittmr pietMis prisfia instil 
tuihr «f lamn SchJarttm iMim Scripta, 
In 1560 Ik was promoted to the deaneiy 
aff St. Piiili (iMrT-I^O-i). — Fuller, 
Wbrtftia 0/ Ef^jhitd (" Uacaiihii«n> 

Bottom (J^h^)f an AtheniAn weaver, 
a eompoDiui of profcfond J|fQCii»iice and 
mbottnded «<mcdt, tiot without good 
nature and a fair dash of mDtber-wit. 
Vll%m liie pl*y of PirtBstiti aand Thiibe 
ii ait, Bc^ttom e^irets tt^iy pazt | the 
lifHi. Tlilsb(&, IS'rimm, all bare charmi 
for fom* Itj opdcr t* punish Tit*n'k, the 
fmirj^ktng made her dote on Bottura, on 
whotQ Pdok had placed an a^g'a hentj^ — 
Efaakei|ieiire, MifhMmmtr iVujht'M JDr^nm^ 
VlHi Gdid^fK Jwku ^ tbv ■.llvihlltfn vlikJi ft 
If ^0filEf7 cllr»ct«di in h C^««^h<«MS^ uki, '" | c«n 
t H *4 *Ml ««* >il»«>tl1 Iq alHlupt it b* wu but 

BottomlosH Pit mrX a IttdicmnB 
•obfiqwt of WiJti^m FMtt, wbo wm le- 
SMfkahly thin (175l»-14^0f;). 

Boubekir' Muea'm, "f BajrdAd, 
*'a vain, pmud^ and envious iman,, 
wbo hated the rkb becAiue be hiiji- 
■df «a» poor,** When prin^ Zevn 
AJasnain came to Ihe city^ he told Uie 
people to beiTftre of him, for pr^tiably be 
wM ''aome tliief who hnd nmde fasmself 
rich bj plunder." The pHnce':] attenda»| 
eaJIad 00 him, put into hi» bojid a purne 
ef ^Idt ajnd Tvonested the honour of hia 
acfjoainlaDceu N'ext day, ^ter iitomin|£ 
prave^ the iman aajd to the people, "1 
ftal, my brethren, that the utrani^r who 
ii eome to liaf^ ia a youn^ prince 
pevtt^^tt^ f»f li thciu^&nd virtue*, itnd 
writhr the lore uf aH men. Let us pro- 
tect hW, aibd rejoice Lli^t he hai couia 
among UBj"^AnMhidM ^igAla ("t'rince 
Zejn AlaauaiD **). 

Bouchard {*SVr), a knight of Flan- 
der*, of mcmt houoamble descent. He 
inairied Coinftanc^, daughter of B«rtu]phe 
Eirmfi«t of B nitres. In 11 '27 Charles '^the 
Gtiodj" e&rl of Flanders, made a. law that 
i leif wav ftlwayjt a »crf till: nmnumittodT 
■sd whoever married a terf becjime 
a tmt Kow, BeTtulpbe*! father waa 

Tbancmar'tf #erf, and Bertiilphei who had 
rais^ bimAelf to wealth asd great honuur, 
was reduced to serfdooi beenu^e hiji father 
was not nmhumiiUd. By the same law 
Bouchard, although m kntg^ht of royai 
blood, became Thancmar's mft becaua« 
he married C'onsULdee, the dupghter of 
Bertulphe (provost of BnnjeaJ, The 
fesult of thia absurd law w«» lh«t 
BcTtulphe alew the eari ukd then biiLjelf. 
Constitnce went nuid imd died, Bouchara 
and Thflu-umr *lew each other in fi^ht, 
aud iiJl BiuL'ea w&b thrown ijatocoufueiua, 
— S. KBowlea, JA* J'nmmi af Brwj^ 

Bouf^ht Wit is Dear. Wistjotn 
jpUDod i>y experience b dearly boiiijht* — 
G. Gaacoigne, ^ijujnum VeciigaL etik 
(died 1577), 

Bou'lUon (GodfTv\f dnkff ofL a 
eruaader (I0r>8^| liM)), mtrodtiecd iu CohjiJ 
RubcH of /*ari>j a Dovel by air W. Scott 
(time, KufuA). 

Bounce (3fr. TV), a nickname given 
in 18^7 to T, Tinmes, editor of the ftfiwa 
(or the TurjKihovi, aa it waA called). 

Boutld'erb/ {Josuih), of Coketowri, 
banker and tnill-owner, the ** Uuily «f 
Humilitv,'* a b\^^ loud man, with ntr'lron 
stare i^nd melnlMc laughs Mr. fkiunderbj 
is the son of Mfs, Pegler, an old woman^ 
to wh*jiii he pfl^-B £aO a vear to keep out 
of Blight, tmd in a bo^istinf:: way he pre- 
toadtt tliat ''he wna drak'^ed tip from the 
Kutt^T to l>f?come a miEliouaire." Mr/ 
Ikmoderby ajaniea Louies, daughter of 
bin neighbour and friend, Thomaa (imd- 
frrind, E«i|,, ILP.— C, Dickeaa, J/urd 

Boimtlflii (Lad\/}, widow of iir 
Chiirles Bounnful. Her dtlipbt was 
curinp the parish sick aud t^lie^nag the 

tKtr liiulwid. fit CharfH tt(Hiiitl[u[, teft her viUt MlOS» 
« fwir: and ) btlknr ih» Uri mil un^hali CHi't In 
C^rltabtff DiH for tl«t Bffli4 'M htt ttdirfitKiarL hi ihii»rt, 
ih« hiu iruiwJ name [)«oi<k lu *M tNitd tkliflfld v^lEhln 
t«n jmn IFimn Uie dbdAn hMT* UlM in ffrviiljr ; ftii4 
fh*i I « i*>l I *r.«L— G«*T» ruqubar, r»* i»fwu'^irp>t^iii- 

Bounty Ufutmtf of ih€\ is 17^10,, 
headed by Fletcher Christian. The 
mutinrcera finally ieUlrvf In Pitcatm 
Inland iPolyncjilan Arehipels^o). la 
imB ail the 'mutineers were dead exempt 
one (AlesEandcr i^mith), who bar! chan^,ed 
hzA name to Ji^hn AdauiA, and became i 
model patriarch of the coiony, which w«a 
^ken under the proteetion of tlie BHtish 
iiovemtneut in Iit39, Lord Bjtom i^ 


TjU Isttmd^ bu m*<le the **miittnv of 

Chf BrwUit"* ih« bmU of hii Ulet but tht 
fj»ct« Are gttfttly distorted. 

Bous'trapa, ^ mcktuune ftWen to 
N*poIoun UL It ii mntjiottfiiler) of th« 
fimt •yllmlilesi of BtmUn^^]^ Stm^ 
{■hoiirfr], /'ii''^ ' ' '" ' ■* to hii 

MCA (k»4j ««« i n I ' p ifi^tU). 

No mull » wru« di*- 

tfnirulflhcd h^ uicj^ tliJin Loiiin 

KttpoJcon. h' ae *l[*ov« men- 

Honed, b« wjt.4 .»....- . i.Lji.7i**<, Man of 
Dmsemher^ Man at Se*iiin, fittitf^d, Vrr- 
hwi^ tUs* ; »mi «/ter bin e«*r»|n* froni the 
forlt«t»o^ HAm he went by the (jMudoQym 

r ■ ^' ■ ■ ■■'■'. '^ • ^ -■ . -^ivtB 

en-' -■■h ia 

LA'Otiuu btuit OP archeii. lltti* is ibe 
(lenvftU<»n most asually Bccepted* (t) 
He «iy* ftUo ti took it« DamefnTtti ccrtiiiti 
tt<>n« &rcbef topportiiig b Untcrn oa the 
tctp of the tower. 

Bower of BUaap « ^rden be]QOi:Tiifr 

to th<^ rnrtiJintreAs AniiiMA, U jlHumdcd 
lit to 

b)j ' ty bnilie fmoi the encbAn- 

lr> ned Ibtt WAc.^TMa4», J«n*- 

MiMM, the raiid«DC« f»f the 

n, II hrAiitifnt utiid triost 

n n tli>Atii«- l-'hniA aii«.-*i 
. t(l 

la fof^etf uloeu.**->6MBM.i, . .^ - . ^ nxn, 

Bowkit, in 7^ Sm-i^Lw. 

of kU ogititM. Juhfi JUtwiii, »*Wk 


_ , „_-„ J in 4M£laa of 
li ItlilXfcliii If II III I 
liliiiw |h«« IB Ik* ftanl fw 



witli cvrnUiinf irhi«b £<' 
eiifihAol t}i€ I 

r&V Jimph), M.P., whA 
n n ed bi miirlf * * tb« poor niAn i 
Mi »eereUrr is l-isb,— C, 
(Thimn (IMi), 

Bowlinii^ (/.MttleiMii^ roiii)^ ftn nd- 
BLit»U« fMT«] c)iiiimt?Ur in SwoUelt'i 
Mmtfrtck iSamUmu Ditiiltn wrote * anvid 
••MIE d» Mainorwtm of Toiii 6<iwling, be^ 



Bt?W3r©P (.*fw#i'r), nshcT of the 
rod ID the court of ouecti Fri-.i\^Th 
W. Scott, AVni/trurtA (tiiur 

Bow^be'uft M *'./ 1. ( _ . , ^rd, 
noted for his -^ • v s ptwitoraJi, 

lulled rA<r K^u, rjt He Mac 

of *' Natiifc''s ijxw- I a '' F&in ftoS 
Showa»" "The Children in iht Wood,"* 
** Chevy Chase," »*T«IT.:V WdiJi," 
*' Ilcis&mond*a Bower," '* f -- >,* 

etc^. The 0th juistorsl is i a| 

Vir^cil'i 6ih Ecf., and B^^v^.j,^^ a • 
rulgarizcd SilC^nus. 

Box and Cox. • dmnaatie roonoeci 
bv J. M. Morton, the prineipii] fhurmfUn 
Of which are Box and i^x. 

Bov Bachelor (TV), WiUiAin Wo*- 
ton« U.D*, ailmili«*ii at St, Cathcrine't 

H^Il ,.-._: 1 1 .f.^^ be was ten, and 
to V when he was nrejve 

ao4) *■■ ■ ' -•>), 

Boy Bishop ( T/tr), St Kidiolaa, tb« 
fkairoTt «iint of Imtts (fourth century). 

(1 hrfe wtks aUo an an^dent cuatooi «f 
chonnink' a l»*y fn*m tlie cAtbcdial dkoif 
oa St. Nichiilas' Day f December 6) ■• • 
mock h4shA|«. lliia boy poascaaed ceit*ia 
priv-iti^crfHi^ und If hv died <luiniu( the yeaf 
wa« i The cosunn 

wa^ kll. Itt8«ii«- 

burs fhown • timQ 

iArv<)|jLM^ti2^ siiihk\:ii ih<i verger ttyt WM 
iiiade for a boy biahuti.) 

Boy Crucified, It i« said that 
some time durintf the darts airea, a hrj 

1W A 

liui. , .ilia 

lifty jitj'jiis i.ri till- nnlla. of tlie U>wn, chist 
t*>* th*» rivet. Hutfh of^ Uarohi sad 
WillTam of Korwieh an iaalaiMCi of a 
atmiWr atttry* 

v>v iMv 111 omvnW (NW imm otIbv * « ■ 

or lit* biooomt liny wlrtt, «««« jmmn tmtk, 
Wu uften lotf tTHctaai hf ll»» >•«« 

Boys (iea-leTin) has no refercnc* to 
A4fe, but only t^* i vi.t ri. li, r- a k..* ihav 
be 60 Of anv ti 

tlivid^d intii fl n^ 

but able »«ju]44>u juiii uruiiiarji ■&■ 



; of fxpe- 

Then is a MA axUmb, A **&»** &oet wA 
aft^ to teov onytAM^ that u, when a 

penon aeesnls th« oAea of **bo7** on 
boani ihip, he doet not profess to know 
anything of his daftj, not orsn the names 
of t^e lopes, or tfa^ distinction between 

Boy0tf» one of tiie loids sttfnding on 
tht princess of France.— Shakespeare, 
Ut/tLAam^M Loti (1694). 

BoTthom (Lamtmet), a rob«st 
gentleman with the Toloe of a Steator. 
and a friend of Mr. Jamdyee. He would 
otter the moot ferodoos sentiments, while 
St the same time he fondled a pet eanary 
on his finger. Once on a time he had 
be« in lore with Miss Barbaiy, lady 
Dedlock's sister. But "the good old 
tines— «U times when old are good— were 
Kooe.**— a DIekcns, Bleak Homae (1853). 

(** Laurence Boythom** is a pholo- 
naph of W. S. Landor; as ** Harold 
Skimpole,** in the same story, is drawn 
from Leigh Hunt.) 

Bos, Charles Diekena. It was the 
nickname of a pet brother dabbed Moaet, 
fai honour of *^ Moses Primrose'* in the 
Vioarof Wakefie(d. Oiildren caUed the 
name Bozes^ which got shortened into 
Box (1813-1870). 


Bossy, James Boswell, the goesipy 
Liogrspher of Dr. Johnson (1740-1795). 

Braban'tio, a senator of Venice, 
fstber nf Desderoo'na ; most proud, 
arrogaot, and overbearing. He thoujD(ht 
the " insolence ** of Othello in marrying 
his daughter unpardonable, and that 
Desdemona must have been drugged with 
loTc-potions so to demean herself. — 
Shakespeare, Othello (1611). 

Brao'eio, eommissary of the rcpablk 
ef Florence, employed hi picking up 
crerr item of scandal he could find 
against 1^'ria the noble Moor, who com- 
manded the armv of Florence against the 
Pisans. The Florentines hoped to find 
fufficicnt cause of blame to lessen or 
wholly cancel their obligations to the 
Moor,' but even Braccio was obliged to 
ennfess **This Moor haih borne his 
feenlties so meek, hath been so clear in 
bi« great office, that his virtues wuuld 
plcsd like angels, tmmpet-tongued," 


a^^ainst the eooneil which should oeBtm 
him. — Robert Browning, J^unis. 

Brao'idaa and Amldas. the tirs 
sons of Mile'sio, the former in love witt 
the wealthy Philtia, and the Utter with 
the dowerless Lucy. Their father al 
death left each of Sis sons an island of 
equal siae and value, but the sea daily 
encroached on that of the elder brother 
and added to the island of Amides. The 
lidi Phihra now forsook Bracidas for the 
richer brother, and Laoy, seeing herself 
forsaken, jumped into the sea. A floating 
chest attractea her attention, she clung ta 
It. and was irifted to the wasted islimd, 
where Pmcidas roceired her kindly 
The chea*. was found to contain proper^ 
of great value, and Lucy gave it to 
Brsadas, together with herself, "the 
better of them both.** Amidas and 
Philtra claimed the ches^ as their right, 
and the dispute wa^ submitted to sir 
Ar'tegal. Sir Artegal decided that 
whereas Amidas claimed as hia own all 
the additions which the aea had given 
to hia island, so Lucv might claim aa her 
own the chat whicFi the sea had given 
into her hands. — Spenaer, Faery Queen, 
V. 4 (1596). 

Bracy (Sir 3faitrice de), a follower 
of prince John. He hucs the lady Rowen'a 
to l>ecome his bride, and threat end to kill 
both Cedric and Ivanhoe if she refuses. 
The interview is intercepted, and at the 
close of the novel Kowena marries 
Ivanhoe.— Sir W. Scott, Ivanhoe (time, 
Richard I.). 

Brad'amajit, daughter of Amon and 
Beitric^e, sister of Rinaldn, and niece of 
Charlemagne. She was called the Virgin 
Kniht. ller armour was white, and her 
plume white. She loved Roge'ro the 
Moor, but refused to marry him till he 
was baptized. Her marriage with great 
pomp ami liogero'i* victon over liodo- 
mont. fonii the tfubjoct of the lai«t book of 
Orlando Furiuso, Kradamant possessed 
an irresistible siiear, which unhorsed any 
knight with a touch. Britomart had a 
similar 8|K»ar. — l^>jardo, Orianih Inna- 
tju^rnto (14U5); Ariosto, Orlando Furioeu 

BradHboume (Mistress Lilias)^ 
waiting- woman of lady Avenel (2 syl.)^ 
at Avenel Castle,— Sir W. Scott, TU 
Abbot (time, Elizabeth). 

Bradwardine (Como 
baron of Bradwardine and 

of Tnliy 


Ycolui. He U T«ry pcdAnlic, t>tit brave 

Rom Bradt£nrdini^ bis dtngtiUri the 
beroine of the navcli^ wkich concladfrj 
with hft m%rn»g9 with WEverlejft nad 
tht n of tht oiKDor-houM of 

idtntrdmt df Indigrabblt, ft 
ft-l iUI UfttB.— Sir W. ScoU, 

'A ue, George IK). 

Bmdy (IftfffAo)^ a x^tmg ** Irish 
nidow,*' 23 vew* rrf »p», nnd in lot*e 
Kith UlIiiAm Wh wfti the 

lUtightcr of Bif r tilt. Old 

TliiHuu Wliittiiv , Li utftn of 

C^ wanted to i'W in her Jiffei^ 

ticm»f fnr hi: <r *^»o ns'wWt, 

•0 tiiild» P<» tcTi'^JCf -ni'Tm-d, wo mrrvr^, 
eo domortic, Virt %'oiee wat so iwcet, 
with Joal ft sovfivxm of the brogue io 
niAke tt esichiuttini;.'* In ordtt u» Urmk 
<ilf tfaift deiest^bitf |«(i»ic>n nf ihe old man, 

the Widf>« y>.A^Urr,.,A tt,x, n,,r. r, t , . J TT.<,rtneni 

K.. bt, 

IftbaoiJofu. lit, 

IhofQqglkly lib 

Bqdwrtotiik< .d*. 

wad evtt hiirt i;oiAX) «■ n i^iittc^rwr for 
iO dnil|c«—(iftmckt T/ka iruh Widina 

Bfmcp (/«r4), • v^il^r b<»aji«i'f who 
j;et» Into good ^ ' re hU vitljun^rity 

elAiide omt h itf.— Tlietniore 

Hm (A^ J«K^)^ ginenlJotui Borgoyoe 
Bra^ansa i TV), the lArireat dUmood 

In r~ * '"'"■■■ ■*" "•-■*• ',--_. '-'^^^ . rtitt. 

It Xl. 

Il , of 

*,* It if thoQifht XhaX Lhi* diamond, 
•hlrh Ia the iiie of • UeQ*i egg, is in realit j 
m fdiiie lopiidu 

Lamm dhtcheMt of Bragtuua, 
cheract«r la lb a* described : 



t kinf . 

ttt 1590 
crown rif 

-fi yoke. 
t.y the 

VnlMvtlH naMH q "' 


' Ui4 una Hnm ivaH IM 

Ami MlMudl* tl«i tlitiitU •! II* mmtmt. 

ttatmn Jim^a, »F ^ »i M a, t | f^^. 

O b IhlTu iSa oii^Mf fc YM ' - - - 

Braeela. dAugliUr of Sorgl&a, «f4 
wiffi orCuthun'" r,..r.r.r.,i „£ the Irieb 
nrmr and ngvi r rtilttodtj r^ 

king Corm*c).— **-ftti» 

Bra^gado'ohio* pcr^ooiticatioQ li 
the mtetnriCLraDce of the toni^ue. Fuf 
a time Tv ' ----- — » - 
*mie prri 




FlorimeU—bi tenter^ >4irry Qm^n^ iii. 4 
and 10, tritJi v. 3. 

It U thciQght that Pbiiifi of SfNUll WM 
the AOilciny fijOix* at ** Bnaimdocblo^'' 

Brazil Ihmw}. Qo hvffk {ItUkh 

Brag;m&r'do (/*iiw//m« ' ^ ,>,, 

mtihiater »«Jt by the Par ,r- 

ganttia, to rcmrtn«frnt4? v^ ,,f 

c«fryiii^ off tlj^ ' ' 1 

•u«pend niutad i i i , ,-, f f 

Bratn'worm, the remmt of Kno- 

wd)f a h 4 

re;;t4lAr ir , 

H^f^' M 

Fit/-- ,^, 

whf! M ,. . 

then Qi riiiii, aiiJ 

la»Uy aa !=. of Uw, by 


Brokel L4rfr«a), the ^p«ir m^mt*- 

b4cf', '^--- '- tiiaater of ' " ih% 
dfcai '• girl, — Sir Li, 

Bramble {MtOtJ^v^^ an " od4 kiad «l 




**»lwmyj an tke fret," dy»- 
Biptic, &iid Afflicted iritli guutr bat 
Imerolmtr f^enerii^tis, &ad kiad-heuted. 

Jfi£r Tuhitha Brnmbie, ui «>|d mAtdeil 
riit» of MmUlievr Brmmbl^i of eonie 45 
wn of a^ noted for W bad ipeU 
bw. She u itsrdi, vaia, prinif and 
lidM^qs ; i«utvd I& tempci) protid, 
iiiperinoSfe p^nfr, meia, miLliciaiUi sad 
ipt^BritKblfti Sb« coTitiivea at lut to 
sun- capUiQ L&»m*bj»'go, who i» eontcat 
to tftU *^ tbc snudtii " fbr tine Mke of her 

' A« te HB. iwlmwl, Rvfcnni |«Min«gil wA 

•*• " Mftttlaev Bntmbk" is ** Roderick 
Budom ** grouro aXd^ somewhat cynical hf 
ttxpenemoe of the worlds but vtmUy im- 
prared in t«4te, 

tNi^iff meAl iraifl of (iM Tnddmti sf Um f^^f low 

Br^nhU (S^ Mobert), a baiwnct liTine 
Bl BlaekbeoT Ball, Kent. Bluot and 
teitT, but kind-hearted ; " cb«rit«bl« M % 
Chn^lian^ a^d rich as a Jew ; '^ food of 
Bfgtunent and cc>atrvdicttoii, but de- 
tesliii]^ flattery ; very proud, but Diost 
oHuidcntc bo bi* poorer oeij^hboiin. In 
bit fi rat interri^w with UeatanAot Wor- 
tbii^ltoii "tbe poor fcentlemaa/^ Ibe 
lieatenant mbbtma him for a bailiff come 
to *jT«t him* bat sir Ri?bcrt nobly paid 
the bill for £500 when it v%n prownted tu 
Mm for sij^nnturc aa aheriff of the county. 

%* ** Hit Robert Bnmble " U the lame 
tr^ of cbaracteT ai Sheridan't **^ iir Aq- 
ibonj Absolute," 

Frederick ^mmWf, nepbew of «ir 
Robcjtt and ton of Joaepa Hfnmble a 
Knutan mcrcbanU Hia father havioc 
laUed in buameaij Frederick wa* adopted 
by bii rich uncle. He is fuU <»f life and 
nobla Initin^la, but though tl esa and 
fapulsTe. FrrderJek fa]ta tn love witb 
Imlly Worthington^ whom be marrtei, — 
G. Colman, fAf Poor GeiUkman (imi). 

Br&'mine (2 ty^) and Bra'min 
(TV), Stu, FJiiabctb Drape rand Laur¥dce 
Sletne, Sterne beinp a clergyman, aod 
IffrP. I>raper bdng^ bora in Itidia, Bug- 
tv*U;U iLiic kukunJt. Ten of Sujnit's letter* 
to Mn. Draper axe published, and called 
LetUrt to Eliza. 

Bran* the dog of Lamderg the lorer 

of Gelcboena (daughter of Tuathal)>^ 
Oaaianf Fiwfaij v* 

**• Fin^fal king of Mofven bad a dotf 
of toe same OJiaie^ and another namea 

Cmi Whtt^kirmataA ttma muA liu wr^ iMctb dl 

Brand (Sk* Dcnys)^ a county magnatoi 
who apei humility. He ridea a Boriy 
brown nag ** not worth £5," hut mountg 
bw groom on a race-borM ^^ tiwiea victor 
for a plate." 

Bran'datnond of Damawus, whon- 
itr Bevin of SouthiunptoQ defeated. 

J y* r^aUm MAmkimtUm «iiA. 

Bran'dan ( /stand o/ SL) or lai^itp 
or Sa^ Boiu,N'i]A?if a 6ying ieUnd, lo 
late aa 17i?6 ftrt down in |f(?oi:Taplucal 
chart! we»t of the Canary >;mup. In 
1721 »a lijtpedition waa eent by S|wun in 
quest thertftf. The Spaniards' w*y tbeir 
kinif Boiiri'go has retreated there, and 
the Fort u»;u»e aflinn that it h the retreat 
of their dnn Sebnatian. It wm called S^L 
Bmndan from a narij^ator of the fixtb 
centnrvi who went tu search of the 
" iHlandn of Paradise. " 

It* mllT^ vw Tff ft ivflf ElnH a, FTiBii«t mf flnn bdlfif - . . 
Hi* 0kf^H tut Atml'ilft, when tt}iukl4ct ww* dctuJiwJL »nd 
vliM) Twca lutlKV In 

. _ . I uf Uw du^ej \idmr Um ti*« 

IdmUfkfd vifLh Baa OiitKtidMJi.— W. Iff Iiu. 

(If there la any truth at all in the 
legend, the island must be o^ribed to 
the F&ta ^lorgaaa.) 

Bran'deum, pin. Brtmdea^ a piewe 
of cloth cnelneeil in a box with relica, 
whi*.'h thus acquired the same mimculoui 
power* as the relica themaelvei. 

fop* l#fl prQn^i lh)mlM£t ^^i b dcMiU, (tor w^M 
Hntt Gir«k» ^frftUirwi to 4|u»tlaik tl, he Cat ft linuid*iim 
Chmt^ wJEh ■ piir (if »clMor», fti>d U w»t JmLAnUjr 
«ver*4 with bUKHL-J. Hffdj, tYaril CWMlii-^a^ IBi 

Brftn'dlniart, brother- in -la* of 
Or Undo, son of Slonndnnti*, and husband 
of Fof'delia. Thb ** king of the Distant 
latanda" w«a one of the wraveBt knitthti 
ia Cliarlemai:nc'B army, and was alain br 
{JmdaBBO.— Uojnrdo. Orhmh Fnnamomfo 
{1-195) ', Anofltoj Orimdo FttrioiQ {Iul6). 

Brand J Nan* qnean Anne, who was 
Y^wy fond of brandy (Iti#l-17H). 

Amndl Jfmn. tinndjf Nftn, Irft {*fl) Id tb* Inreh, 
ll<-r fjies t[i rhi* III 1 1 »hii[., h'fr back li> Oft? cIju^cIi. 

. Brangtons {The)j vulgar, jealous 
mblicious gossips in Evelina^ a norel by 
Miss Bttmey (1778). 




SnutnOy ftn Iri«fatn«Q, father of 
Evir&llifi. Evir&Uin w%a the wif« of 
I Mid moUier of OtcAt. — Oaaian. 

yfr^ihh confederate of 
utii; ju bb scrvmnt. 

Brass, the 

tm^ fmt mmrt^m^ «n wur ntn 

at Kwn^ 

•ttt^mey, fttFeetiiig gnat t^mf^lhy with 
hta client*, but in reality flecciog lUetii 
without niejty, 

SaUtf ifrtus, SampMo*! sisUr, wnd an 
•^iMTireTnieil etlition of her brntlia', — 
(' I . V .„ Old Cknotol^ Shvft (IMO), 

I <•), Alfonxo IV, of Porlu- 

'Ui An drew v%n 

F-"'-^ '""" r^ny « little J>oy aunc 

*' I ■ ■: CMt 

Hi ^ -ichi 

»*■ i;- l: It.— 

Bray i^f*)^ »■ telfish, mieerly <Ad man^ 
who <iie» •tuldrtily of bcwtrt-ftifniwe, ]«»* 
in tim<? to wiTr hi? dii(i>chtrr tieinj^ Mcri- 
|l«?icd to Althur Gride, ft ri- ' ■> ' ....^-r. 

m lirtTuiyrt t!rtm<i-»iic, b«i. *bo 

mairie ^ ^i»*lllellv♦— a.;. Dickens, 

irlciAfct 38). ' 

^-^' ..-....— I *... *^ 


ma md^jM^wL^^ 
^S/wchmtfk in 

pitpig^^ UB«llT 

Other* ii^&K 


31 too 


>r|«s If,, ft 

I aM pea* 

by an ofHcer in cnlooel FuU«fr'ft ff^f^an^ 
in the retgn uf George L, sad nem g !• 
refer to aome clergjmaa of o^ r^f diataol 



tn hwvi 


her *' intir ml 

the marrn \\i 

G* (!*>lm»n, jun,, ./o.i/i I'U.i r j^i.-i^, 

Braywifsk, the towti of att«a» j|« 

alrlerman "f Uru.ivt.k i,,. L„f hit 

donkey, u <»f 

it; then n >'y 

a^^Tct'd trt reurv i* U^*' iwi > « 

of a maun tain and lifsy, in f 

danker weald antwer, ar< 'tt 

tii pUce of ooocealn IihI to 

a pablic erandal^ liat th« 

pci>|tle of Draywick ki^ i^> i.*^^ u\% arma 
in ortler to aven^ Ihemeelvea im th<iee 
who jci*rvt! al thrm.^Oerraiitca, /Tpa 
Qm^ott^ 11* iL 7 (I<S1$>, 

Brasen (rSif.<.Tin), a kind of B^hsdiU 

A boaatf ui * ' a^hiy wamor, wIia 

mcAendj » n Uxly ; ti> have a 

fiaiaofi wi w<klthy, (irvity, o? 

dieliii^iahcil muouia ; ijid |o luivft 

aobieved in war tliie 

PM Ml A 


Brasen Age, ti 
Tiolence. Tbe ajre 
ovid^n. age ; then foil* 
tbeD the 6ra»(^ age ; and the poit it 
the tfdn age^ or the a^^ of hsrairiiT «fl4 

Brasen Head. The 0r»l on cce«i€ 
b one which Silrcater It. (CMf^Mrf) p«». 
aettcd. It bold him be wouM lie pop*b 

and tint 'lie till Tic- li»H enturmaM at J«rn» 




%• The weU'kB<Twii avaf; «M wr4tt4Bi 

itcQ with 

''«3 made bf 


Tlit Uiird i>a«. (h'j i';i:iJ!iua linueii head 

of Alhertiia Mair^uM, which coit hia 

rhiriv vr^Art' Ubf'ur, and waa tuokea to 

hia diadpla Ibomaa Aqni'^MM 


jue [ourih wa« Lhai of (Har Baeoo^ 

whtrlt UA*4 to aaVf '* 11 use ia, time wwm^ 





Hat coaMs." Bynm rafen to it in Ot 

AboUmt was tndt bj the mmrqiiui of 
VneiMof SmlHi (1S84-1484). Andanxth 
bj a PiolaDder, a diadple of Eacotillo tn 

Bm9en Head {The)^ a frigutic bead 
kc|it in iSbt cattle of the giant Fer'ngui 
of Poitngal. It was omnucient, and 
told thoae who consnltad it whatever they 
dniied to know, past, pxesent, or future. 

pvir (London), was the 
in the time of Kdwaid 1. 
Here Miltoa was bom. 

Breakiiis a Stiok is part of the 
BMnia^e ceremony of the American 
Indians, as breaking a glass is stall part 
«f the marriage ceremony of the Jews. — 
Lady Angnsita Hamilton, Marriage Bite$, 
«<c, 292, 298. 

In one of Raphaers pictures we see an 
onsocccssful suitor of the virtcio Mary 
breaking bis stick, and this alludes to the 
Itgtod that the several suitors of the 
** virgin " were each to bring an almond 
■tick which was to be laid up io the sanc- 
tuary over night, and the owner of tlie 
stick which budded was to be accounted 
the suitor God ordained, and thus Joseph 
became her husband.— B. H. Cowpcr, 
Apocryphal Qwpd (** Pseudo-Matthew's 
Gospel,'* 40, 4i;|. 

In Florence is a picture in which the 
rejected suitors break their sticks on the 
back of Joseph. 

Breathes there a man . . . 

jrvmmMi witii mqI m diad. 

Wb» BCTvr tu kiBHir hath wfci. 
** IMs to ar ovn. ov naUtv teDd " t 
» W. SmO. X^ay ^ O* i4Ml iri«w(r«I. tL 1 (ISOf). 

Brec'any a mythical king of Wales. 
He had twenty-four daughters by one 
wife. These daughters, for their bcautv 
and purity, were changed into rivers, all 
«f which 'flow into the Severn. Breck- 
nockshire, according to fable, is called 
after this king. (See next art.) 

iNaul «M m pftAM one* tertaaia* and na* 

(WhvSyMig lant kto imiim to Uiat hto owbte nat). 

Wok twtoa tvcl«« aaugfatan bleat, bjr OM and onljr vlftu 

Jkm. far UMlr bMutwt rai« and aanrUtir of Ufa. 

»> itaan war* traailonnad : «bon duthmm doUi dadaia 

Bav caealletit Mtnj vera by batog vhat Uiar an . . . 

. ..tSUrJwSwannhapaUialreoon* 

M. DrvUitt. /Wri^Matk. Iv. tllUJu 

Bradian (i^fmcs). fitther of St. 

Osdoek and St. C^anock, the foriMr • 
martyr and the latter a confessor. 

Breok {Aliton)^ an old fishwife, friend 
tf the Mucklebackits.— Sir W. Soott. 
ThB Antiquary (time, George III.). 

Brtck (ilfwus), a follower of Rob Roy 
McGregor, the outUw.— Sir W. Scott, 
Boh Roy (time, George I.). 

Bren'da [TroilI, daughter of Magnus 
Troil and sister of Minna.— Sir W. S^>tt» 
The Pirate (time, William III.). 

Bren^'vrain, the confidante of Is'olde 
(2 «v/.) wife of sir Mark king of Com- 
walL Isolde was criminally attached to 
her nephew sir Tristram, and Brengwain 
assisted the queen in her intrigues. 

Breng*tcainy wife of Gwenwyn mrince of 
Powvs-land.— Sir W. Scott, The Be- 
trotfuxi (time, Henry II.). 

Brenta'no (i4), one of inconceivable 
folly. The Brentanos, Clemens and his 
sister Bettina, are remarkable in Ger- 
man literary annals for the wild and 
extravagant character of their genius. 
Bettina's work, 6othe*9 Corretpondence 
with a Child {\^Zb),\% a pure fabrication 
of her own. 

At the point vbcra tb» foHf of others ttmm, that «f 
Iha firNiUr.o« bagiM. O mrwMn P rm wh . 

Brentford {The t%co kings of). In 
the duk«: (»f Buckingham's ^rce called 
The Rehearsal (1071), the two kings of 
Brentford enter hand-in-hand, dance to- 
gether, sing together, walk ann-in-ami, 
and to heighten the absurdity the acton 
represent thvin Ht« smelling at the same 
nosegay (act ii. 2). 

Bres'an, a small island upon the verv 
point of Cornwall. 

Upon the ohnoat end 
Of Comvall'i fuimwlnff baak. 

Where Beaui fruni the land 
The Ulttiqc wmvat doth break. 

M. Dngrtao. /*o/ye/Mam L nSlSk 

Breton. EnteU comme le Breton, 
French proverbial expression. 

Bretwalda, the over-king of the 
Saxon rulers, established in England 
during the heptarchy. In German v the 
over-king was called emperor. rhe 
bretwalda had no iH)wer in the civil 
affairs of the under-kings, but in timef 
of war or danger formed an importanl 



Gtupog OF iiaua 

Brewer of Ghent (rA*), Jmm* 
»mn Artcvel^acT m (^re** pAtnoL His •on 
Fhtlip fell in the l>ftUle of B^Mbecq 
(foufteenth ejenturj'). 

SnB'na, t^e loi^y of a cutU irbo 
dernaf]H&J f(ir hill "the loelts of tilery 
i*dy anj tb*.' b*ar<i of pvtry kaUht lh«l 
pmned.'' Tliu loll wa* cwtel»ii«bf«] b«« 
catuK ftir Cnidi>rf with whoni! «li« wpji In 
lovf^ refujt«d la Ttiarrt' her tilJ *h* had 
lifo^id&i Hiiis witlj hurii*n IiAit «Qrfl<i#n( 
U ** pnrlc * manrle" with. Sir CfH-i'^ri 
tuLvin^; been oT^rtJirown ia kniifhtlj 
conitMa by «ir ( Alidoff^ wha refiu«4 to 
grrs '*lh«' |:]4$»^c p*>'," b outdt to 
nleue BHiuui, froni tbe eonditiiiQ im- 
peded AQ hcTt mad BrLona sinrcsni |o (iii»- 
ecmtiftuc the diiuhDtiTtf^^ujt ioU.— ^peoterj 

Bri'&nOT (Sr), a kni^bt QTcrElirtiwn 

WM mt ArUgAl. — Spender, Pair]f Qu«fi^ 
iv. 5 (169«). 

BriAT^eoB (4 v^L), nttiallj' called 
BrUrciu f JVr/.a,r«c^], the puint with 4 
bii&dred h%nd». llvnce Dnden says, 
** And BriATctiiH with jill hb hundred 
hsQili** ( Tirjfif, ri.) ; but Milton writes 
lh« fume BriAriVM {Pfnrad^ Lmt^ L 199). 

r Titan amc, 
c nuttc 

{S fy/J, 4*n^ter of Gui£T«r (9 *^f,) 
)^ha of >■" ^ She it the ttudl- 

pUtrhi l)riif< imi Gkoiler «b«o«i 

the Invcr, •: .<i ditm of « t»pok«& 

beBfU— Bjrvn, Lr^A: q/ Ab*fdo» HSU). 

Bride of L&nuEieriiioor. tjocy 

Aihttja^ in liwe with Edjfar maatm «*i 
lUi. t^riKwoodf btit coffiMlitil U9 amtty 
I'nmt lliiyitlon UinJ nl Ituc^w^ §*«• 
triu Efi munictr htm on tbc btid^ fii^hl^ 
and dj^ ioMoe the dar foUowioiCi. — ISiLr 
W. &<>«, FA* Hfide a l^mmtefim/^ 
(amc, WmUmlU,), 

•«« TAtf J^rv&t 1/ Ummtrmmr U mt 
or t&ft MMI aniiM cif IkoU'i Q<ml% DK* 
»0ii]]^ A imtiir ctf ^ai 4od Mti«Q mm 
bwiBmnigr b> «iiid* The «ld but]«r, Gileb 
Baldervtoii, ii tajggnralcd uid w t«« 

«, till Um ^r* Um tab Ml aMUffalorkorm.— Xil. fer^. 

Bride of the Bea, Tenice, ki caIM 
from tht anckijt cerfmotij of tlie dort 
mjuTjing the city to the Adriatic by 





WMBk ban to th* pl«ee of exccatlni. 
Hood hao a poem called Tkt Bridge of 

Bridges of Cane, in nuuij parts 
of Spaaiah America, are thrown oTor 

• McakfibaMiL . 

ta 0*rtmi>7 yj iiii » . iL M(l 

Bridgemore {Mr,), of Fiah Street 
Hill, London. A dichonert merchant, 
wealthT, vulgar, and puno-proud. He 
is tnritod to a mrrfrgiyen bj lord Abber- 
rillcj **and coonts the Benrants, gapes 
at the Instres, and nerer enters the 
dmwfaig-room at all, bnt stajrs below, 
d-Jtting with the traTelUnff tutor.'* 

Mn. Bridjemort, wife of Hr. Bridge- 
more, equally mlgar, bat with more pro- 
ftfssioa to gentilitT. 

Mi$$ Lmcmda Brid^emot^ the spiteful, 
pnae-proud, malicious dauja^tcr of Mr. 
and McB. Bridgemore, of Fiah Street 
HilL She was engaged to lord Abber- 
ville, but her money would not out- 
baUnce her vulgarity and ill-temper, so 
the young '* fashionable lover" made 
his bow and retired. — Cumberland, The 
FiuUomAU Later (1780). 

Bridgenorth (J/o/or Ralph)^ a 
roundhead and conspirator, neighbour of 
sir Geoffrey Peveril of the Peak, a staunch 

J/rs. Brkhenorthf the major's wife. 

Alice Bridgenorthy the major s daii^licer 
and heroine of the novel. Her msfriage 
with Julian Peveril, a cavalivr, concludes 
the novel.— ^ir W. Scott, Peveril of the 
Peak (time, Charies II.). 

Brid'get (Sfisa), the mother of Tom 
Jones, in Fielding's novel called 7^ 
I/intory of Tom JoneSy a Fuundiin/f (1750). 
It Imm bam voDdend vbjr Flddliig dioiild hmv* cfaown 
to kBf« th« ■laJn of ttM^^umey on Um birth of hli 
h««. ..bBthadMiMBrki«irtbv«npri«mtdjriMrrM .. 
UMri eooU bavs btcn no adoaua x t iiioli>« aulgnod lor 
hHT4a« tb* Mnh of tbe child • Mcrat Iroin • dim w 
WiiiiMc and cowiMMtonrto m AUvwUqr.— Jhwfo. 
Mru. Art. " Fielding.' 

BridT'iet ( Jfrs.), in Sterne's novel called 
77*^ Life nnd OpaUotu of Tristram Shandy, 
Gent. (I75'J). 

Bruifet (Mother), aunt of Catherine 
Sevton, and abbess of St. Catherine. — 
Sir W. Scott, T/ie Abbot (time, Elizabeth). 

Briifrt {Maij), the milkwoman at Falk- 
land Castle.-- Sir W. Scott, Fair Maid of 
Perth (time, Henry IV.). 

Bridge'ward {Peter), the bridge- 
keeper of Kcnoaquhair (** I know not 
where").— Sir W: bcott, the Abbot (time, 


Bridjeward (Peter), warder of flit 
bridge near St. Mary's CJonvent. Ht 
refuses a passage to father Philip, who is 
carrving off the Bible of lady Alice. — Sir 
W. 'Scott, The Monastery (time, Eliza- 

Bridle. John Gower sasrs that Roai- 
lele princess of Armenia, insmsible to 
iove, saw in a vision a troop of ladies 
splendidly mounted, but cue of them rode 
a wretched steed, wretchedly accoutred 
except as to the bridle. On asking the 
reason, the princess was informed that 
she \*Ba disgraced thus because of her 
cruelty to her lovers, but that the splendid 
bridle had been recently given, because 
the obdurate girl had for the last month 
shown symptoms of true love. Moral — 
Hence let ladies warning take — 

or km that tiMf bo not IdlB. 
▲ad bid titoB thlok of mir bridh. 
ClH|f)Mri»ilaMirt<«r IpiMto ol Boripbria.- VnS-IMI). 

Bridlegoose {Judge), a judge who 
decided the causes brouju^ht before him 
not by weighing the merits of the case, 
but b^ the more simple process of throw- 
ing dice. — Kabelius, Pantai/ruet*, iii. 39 

♦^* Beaumarchais, in his Mamaije of 
Fijaro (1784), has introduced this judge 
under the name of " Urid'uison." The 
person satirized by Rabelais is the chan- 
cellor Poyet. 

Bri'dlesly (Joe), a horse-dealer at 
Liverpool, of whom Julian Peveril buys 
a horse.— Sir W. Scott, Peveril of the 
Peak (time, (Hiaries II.). 

Brid'oison [ Bree.dtroy,z6n{f] , a stupid 
judge in the ifarioije de Fl/aro, a comedy 
in French, by Beaumarchois (1784). 

Bridoon (Cvrporaf), in lieutenant 
Nosebag's regiment. — Sir W. Scott, 
Wacerli'y (time, George II.). 

Brien'nius (Niccphorus), tlie C«sar 
of the Grecian em[iire, and husband of 
Anna Comne'na (daughter of Alexius 
ComnCnus, emperor of Greece). — Sir W. 
Scott, Count Robert of Paris (time. 

Briffado're (4 *v/.), sir Guyon's 
horse. The word means "Golden bridle." 
— Spenser, Faery Queen, v. 3 (1596). 

Brigan'tes (3 «»/'•)» called bv Dravton 
Brifj'antSy the peopk of Yorksfiiru, Ijin- 
cashire, Westmoreland, Cumberland, and 

Wbor* in tb« Britoa** nilo of for* tho Brlnati tvnjod. 
Tbo powerful Eii«U>b asUbUabad . . . NurUiaoibarlBiid 




BHgiTSt one of the ten roong gentl«- 
nicn in the iiehtjol of Dr. Itlimbcr when 
Piiiil r^oiiibcy Wfta A t»upil there. Biiir^s 
wa8 Hii"knann*d tlie **Stonf3\" h<^CllUM: hlA 
^min* were petrirkd by the ctmgtiuit 
cir*ir+pitifi of wbdom upi^n them,— C. 
l)itkt'n.% Domhay and Sim (184**)* 

Brlgll&doro [Brfi\ije.(tor*.nA, Or- 
Und^i'a flt«cd. The word meanM **Gold 
Lridlc," — Ariosto, Ortajtdo F\u-i&sii{\h\(^}, 

Sir duyon'a horae, in Spcii§cr*H Fafrif 
Qucffn^ ta called by the ume ontne (15d^j. 

BrilUftnt (.Sir Phiiip), & prent fap, 
but bmve soldier, like the fAtnous Bftjtmt. 
fie would dTpnn with nil the finery of a 
rain ifirl^ Imr % toil, 

i.nd jieril wi ** A 

DtjtU'rtiy in ^ , but a 

fli?ctr»r on ilie iMtttle-licld." He wm • 
' blndi* of proof; ymi riiij^ht lauj^h at the 
' ' > - ' 'it yon woijldr>*t nt the bla*le.** 
M -v'l' with Itidy Anne, tefunni 

it and marriea. — ^S» Kuuwleii^ 

Old Mauh (lt54l)« 

Brilliant Madmsn (Tfnt), Charlet 
XrL of Sweden (ltJ82, IttST-niS)* 

BHlllantA ( The hdf/), a gnat wit in 
t' ^ . ; r n>tfiane« entitled Tirantt U 
' f unknown^ 

'•• fi^Mi of M^fNtelbM. ki* brodavr 

Bris (li conte di 8>tn ), governor of the 
Iviuvrc, He iK inf^ -' * ^'-t.-.^v^j^ ^^^ 
leader of the St. ' wicre. 

— Meycfbeer^ l^i 

Brisao' {JuUix)^ brother o< Mira- 
Chnri^ Britae^ a Krlialar^ ton of justice 


Smi^ef lirime^ a ^nurlier, bmiher of 
harlea.— tkamnont and Flcftd]«r» TAf 


l.r..,rL.r .,, r 

^c n?nl name wai 

ujifhtef of Uriiii**, 

' ^ - -. She was 

but when 

■^ Ti for not 

f «Ten*d 

h uroed 

«Ji' ijryteia 

fx), but •UtHild t*kfi Unii«iji utat«aftL— 

M -., 

them ont with sucbexpraMioniiaa ''ThtH 
I had yoa, ch ? '* " That wua pretty well, 
egad, ch ?" '* I hit yon in th^ t***ith there, 
eRadl" *' ' r IB*! 

peri»b ! ' *.— ^ 

W. Con^:- »)* 

Bris'kief C2 »ifL), di«^iacd under the 
name of KuLnkie. A caplJun ia the 3Iu«- 
covite army, and bTotber of grnenJ 
Archat **the loyal subjrrt" of the |fre«t- 
duke of Moscovia.— Heatiniont ana 
Fletiher, Tfu? Loynt S»hject (1(S18). 

Bris'aotin, one of tb** fill-'wcrH of 
Jeian Pierre Hriaaot^ an a^] ■ lU' 

tioniDt. The lirisaouns wr; utly 

met^ed in the Girondists, «iiu uic T'roird 
droppiMl out of uie. 

Bristol Boy ( The}, Tbomaa Ch»t*cr. 
ton, the poet, bom at MtiitoL Al*ii^ 
called "The Marvelloiu Boy/' Bymo 
calU him ** The wondrrmi l>c»y who 
periihed lo his pride'' (17&2-I770)» 

Bristol He.Q*8 Glltt » pftMstl of 
■oiucLlimf; which the jt^vcr pronouEkCoa ^ 
be at uu UMr or nu Value Ui nimtaljtt 

Britaiu, accordiag to th« 0Titt«h 
triadji. wftt trOlM AM »* The green water* 

fun i.i wad before U 

w;i i.i.aiit was ** Th*- 

huL . I Hut afUr it 

wtu briM .nw iiiMid by Prydain 

•on of A ' * I led ' * Pry diain'a itic '* 

U haa alto been catlod '* HVperbo'rea,** 
** Atlan'lJca," " Cjuait'erix," ^Mt-^tn*' 
and ^'llmKC' Also " V^ 
('* the white island "), an^i 
that the word Albion ii ii 
Latin, aihw^ ** white," an i 
wa* *^o <'fi!!«:^l from '* if* ■• 
elv;i " 




tititr-v of 

iTetil^iH', jitt Lbc true dcnval-iou, 

Bvitain^ in ArthitiiaD romaoet^ 
always meant Urittany. Eaglatid k 
c»lk'd Lo^ri^ or Logria. 

Britan'ma. T)( nted 

the island of Great ure 

of A W-.irr-.n »,..,r,- ' .., t 

ftocifu! o>nil 

outline i*»** 

p"v'' ' '>.stij oy '■ Ati i>i . 

a ^ 

i -t HrltAnnla f*n m 

eoiu datek irotu the reiira nf Cbiiatf* il. 
(167t), und WM enin^ved by Kuctict 
from a drawing by £v«tyii« U la imaiiI 




fsr <MM of tike kin^s conrt fsroitriteS) 
■one nj Fnuiecs Thtren SCimit, daeheH 
«f RSehmotid,aiMl othen BubusYillien, 
p of CacTcIaad. 

Britamnia^ th* daibc of the ihip nnder 
fl« commaad of captun Albert, in Fal- 
eooer^B poem called I%e8h^fwrecL Itwaa 
daahed to pieoes on the projecting yerge of 
cape Golonna, the moat soathem point 
•r Attica (1756). 

British History of Geoifrey of 
Monmouth, is a translation of a Welsh 
Chronicle. It is in nine books, and con- 
tains a '* history ** of the Britons and 
Welsh from Brotos, ffreat-giandson of 
Trojan Mnema to tiie aeath of Cadwallo 
or Gsdwallader in 688. This Geoffrey 
was first arehdeaeon of Monmonth, and 
then bishop of St. Asaph. The gineral 
oatiine of the work is the same as that 
given by Nennios three centuries pie- 
▼ioosly.* Geoffrey's CMromdCf published 
about 1148, formed a basis for many 
subsequent historical works. A com- 
pendium by Dioeto is published in Gale's 

British Iiioii (7^), the apirit or 
pugnacity of the British nation, as op- 
poMd to JoAn Bwllj which Bvmbolizes the 
substantiality, obstinacy, and solidity of 
the British nation, with all its prejudices 
and national peculiarities. To rouse 
John Bull is to tread on his corns, to 
rouse the British Lion is to blow the war- 
trumpet in his ears. The British Lion also 
means the most popular celebrity of the 
Britii^ nation for the time being. 

British Soldiers' Battle (The), 
the battle of Inkerman, Noyember 5, 

roriCabbam faloor. Car tiw old EagHUtk rawlutioa to 
Ighc tt wit to th« faHt. ubM •varr dlaftdnuitacs and 
mttam. alMMt ovcnrkdmlnc oddi. mm wUl for mm 

Kl to lakeriMa. " Uw Britkh Soldton* B^tUc-^-^lr 
ird Ormtr. Tk* Hftttn DmAtimt BrntOtt (prtfMe). 

Brit'omart, the representative of 
chastity. She wss the daughter and 
hsieis of king Ryence of Wales, and her 
legend forms Uie third book of the Fairy 
Q^m, One day, looking into Vcnus's 
looking-glass, pven by Alerlin to her 
fftlher, she saw therein sir Artegal, and fell 
in love with him. Her nurse Glauce 
(2 fy/.) tried by charms "to undo her 
tove^'' but " love that is in gentle heart 
begun no idle charm can remove." Find- 
ing her ''charms** ineffectual, she took 
Wr to Merlin's care in Carmarthen, and 

the magician told her she would be tlis 
mother of a line of kings {the TVdors), 
and after twice 400 years one of her 
offspring, "a royal virgin," would shake 
the power of Spain. GlaucS now sug- 
gested that they should start in quest of 
sir Artegal, and Britomart donned the 
armour of An'gela (queen of the Angles), 
which she found in her father's armoury, 
and taking a magic spear which ** nothing 
eould resist," sne sallied forth. Her 
adventures all^orizc the triumph of 
chastity over impurity : Thus in Castle 
Joyous, Malacasta {iust), not knowing her 
sex, tried to seduce her, ** but she floes 
youthful lust, which wars against the 
soul." She next overthrow Aumnel, son 
of Cym'oent. Then made her appearance 
as the Squire of Dames. Her last achieve- 
ment was the deliverance of Am'oret 
i wifely iove) from the enchanter BOsirane. 
ler marria^ is deferred to bk. y. 6, 
when she tilted with sir Artegal, who 
" shares away the ventail of her helmet 
with his sword," and was about to strike 
again when he became so amazed at her 
beauty that he thought she must be a god- 
dess. * She bade the knight remove his 
helmet, at once recognized him, consented 
**to be his love, and to take him for her 
lord." — Spenser, Faery Quceny iii. (1590). 

She cbarnicd at once aiid tMsed the haart. 
lucmnparabfe ficlUMuart. 


Briton (Coionel), a Scotch officer, 
who sees donna Isabella jump from 
a window in order to escape from a mar- 
riage she dislikes. The colouel catches 
her, and takes her to the house of donna 
Yiolante, her friend. Here he calls upon 
her, but don Felix, the lover of Yiolante, 
supposing Yiolante to be tlie object of his 
visits, becomes jealous, till at the end the 
mystery is cleared up, and a double 
marriage is the result.— Mrs. Centiivre, 
The Wonder (1714). 

Broadside (A). To constitute a 
broadside, the matter should be printed 
on the entire sheet, on one side of the 
paper only, not in columns, but in one 
measure. ' It matters not which way of 
the paper the printing is displayed, or 
what the size of type, provided the whole 
ih presented to the eye in one view. 
Altnough the entire matter of a broadside 
must be contained on one side of a sheet 
of pai)er, an enclorscment may be allowed. 

Brob'dingpiag, a country of enor- 
mous giants, to whom Gulliver was a tiny 
dwarf. They were as tall **aa an or> 




iinv7 chunh tieeple," and ftU 
lUMiilbdiiigi wen. in proponioii. 

VlHrktfifeMdl BuMi oaum trvm brbUtln^ 


Brock (AiififT.), m CA^ir^j X//, Aa 
ltiiit4>f$cftl dmiiiK bv J« K. Planch^ 


ooaoeciea witli 

uu vwik MKUt. Mr^ bam lla*«t wuli 
'i*d ruMiiil uut ■ter* Ik* MM* OMM. 
u,. ^. tuhl « UckM IMIM to tbto 

I-FIOW (Liird Art, 

ic cotiMpifBlon in Tkf 

, m aord bj tir W. Seotl 

Broken Heart ( The), & trigcdir by 
John Ford (in*3J. (ik« CAiJtscTUA,) 

"V ' five Smpire (TAO* 
1 «tMpte, wai to c^llrd 

t> mm kii fTRAi care of 

til' .r.,.i i •.vkrtllUOQ of hij fiit|^re, 

witr: of S. win f?lr.V«; 



fitbe t« not (itte uf l:; m tD 

Dry den, Ank^ttrtf<jn (^ItilMij, 

B«>oxaton> Chronicle /t>m<*, E^- 

wiid UUh t 

JdkQ 8mait>' 

Jnlinnnift HtuuiUiu/ oiiU " .' 
Iltvionii 9 Johunne Bnsintoti 

iru »bbot. 



fvnity WW : 

HWt, and MaiJi n 

Bron^somiirte >:i jj^a,)^ ll* *«>rffl 
Wi*r6 nmmm a *' mettlwiKiiiac porrrl."^ 

Brook {Ma9t*r), the iioxpe p 
by KtiH whfn »tr J^h-n Kftlnctaff 
|n\. kjiowii]|{ 

bin ■» uf hit 

•iiiL , jiyb«I«M 

dntiril f ufd by Uaug cArnni otil In • 
but'k'biiiket before btj iFerv fac*.^ 
SbakespeaiCf Merry Wint* t^i Wimim/r 

Brook Street lGro«v«nor Square, 
Lfondon), is fo coiled from a brvc'k or 
iirttain which at ona tim* tao down that 


Broo^kecr, Um man who tiote Uic von 
i»f Balpb Nicklr^ - - - -.-e» «^kd 
him ** Sttiike, ^^ool at 

Doibeboye \W li« tak i« 

told p. 594-0 iufigiiuU ttlit,),— C. 
DickcQi, NtcJuAiu Am Wtf6y (1^^). 

Brother Jon 'athAiw When Warf^ 
in 1^1 n was in want of anwiinitiioD, be 

called a council of ofEcrr* : \mi nf> (tfae- 
tiraJ du^^cjtioo Ui Md, 

** We must con«uh u," 

!riiir u( U»e *tjiu» tif 

i.'* don<\ and the diffi- 

i!i tJ. *' To couuit brothel 

J<>i I J became a set |ilinij»«. and 

•' 1. iW.M,- i^^.-..M.^ Ui« ♦'John 

Uu IL Bart- 

ihc brother ol 
' hero of a comedy 

Brothers <r^)» » comedy by 
kidwra CuniberlaQj {1TGI»). (hot th* 

Til' iiaa 

N< v'OA dv picijed 

\i I III be rtqueatad 

to i< .-,,, ■■'■ ■..'-*'- ''■^f Hti 

own ix*f f«f 

a <Io?rTi 'iH»T 


•hJi' :, ' ' , ' 

for tiuiiserB, btii b«4 «$t«vtt^b iv «i>|>|^ 
• whula dan. 

Browdie </<4n), a bmwnv, 
Turkjiktre otm^fact^ir, bln^, 
b»nc«4| and kind-bmn«d* lie 
p9M dimkcw and ia miadi 




Dkk^oA^ SkAoiiiM ^icJ^ibsf {imS), 

Bro'wn ( t'tma^itftf), lieutcnMit of Dirk 
Eutenkk. — Sir W. Bco% Qujf Jfai^ 
mFmg (tiiit«, George Ii;)* 

,ft^«!« {Jomai^anj^ U£idltHii of the 
Black Bmt at DftHlniftoD, Here Frvili 
OibBldlitoiie meettt Bob Roy at diaoer, 
-i^ W. Scott, J2ci6 ^^ (lutie, G«oti^ 

iV^^n jJ|frt.),t]Be widow of tbebrotb^r- 
^law of tlk« Hon* Mn* Skewton* Sh« 
had cue dan^httr, Alice Marwood, who 
TU fint cpo^to ta EditJa^ (Hr. l>QDibey'i 
nootid wife). Mrs, Brown {ired id frnsat 
prvftTi ber only kaown Tocatioti bdng 
"l£t clri|i tiblldnm of their clc^the^ whick 
^ Aotd or pawned.**— C Dickeiu, £hm^ 

Mfmn (iff*.), ■ *'Mrt. Jokn Bull," 
wiih all tlie practical wnM, ktnd- 
keutedaem, abceoce of convrnttonality^ 
md tkci fireiudic^ of a welJ-to^o bitt 
bitf-«diii3Lb» Knglithwomanof tfai^ mlddJd 
ibopclaa*. 8he \msaei hti o pi atone nn 
all cufreat ^ventiL, aod traveU about, 
^kmp: with, hei- all ber prcjudiccft, and 
dfspbtsng cTeiything which it not Eog* 
Uih. — Arthur Jikebchlej [Kctp G«or^ 

Brottn {Ifabtut} ilhirtrHied ■ome of 
0icknu'i dovoI*, and took Ihi: p«eodoQym 
«f*»Fhii'*(1812- >, 

Brown th© Toimger ( rAomoa), the 
ana tif f^wiu: nf Thomas Bloure, m TKe 
rifHH/,<njiy i'o3i-i*p/, a toriefl f>f iritty and 
«ifn- popular emiirea on the prince re^nt 
(aftcrw£rd« U<^r|;e IV,)i hi^ minbtcra, 
■od bia boon c^mpaiiioaa. Alw in TAe 
Fmife Fatmii/ in PivU^ and in JA* Fudtju 

Brown, Jonea, and BobtJisou, 
lime Enjfli»hfnea who travel tngvthen 
tlwir adTeniurei, by Kicbanl Dayk^ wet* 
pablitbod In PuncA, In theoj: iw held up 
to tidjcule the tiMtchfirie^ the contracted 
BDliona, Ike vuf|^tity, &e coneeit, and 
th« general iunbliiaai of tha middLe-claH 
MagtiMh abroad. 

BroWUB. To mioni^h the BrtjvmMt 
to do or CUV ■omethinir r^ardlcaa of the 
tnnoyance' il niaj cait^ or the ihock it 
oav give to Bird. Gntody* Aane tU>Ieyn 
aaj a whole clan of Urown«^ or " country 
«oiiAin»/" who w«re wdconied at conrt in 
the RigD of Elixabetk. The qtie^ bow^ 

ever, waa quick to «ee what wai ^ataqktf 
Knd did not ftcrople to reprorc them hut 
UDCOurtly maanert. Her pUuEiaeM ol 
■peech DBed quite to " aatoniik lb« 

Bfowne (Genemi) jum a vi lit to 
lord Woodvillo, Hii bedtoom for Iht 
night lA the ^' tap«itri«l chamber," wher* 
be seei the apuarition of ** the lady in 
the mcqut,''' and next morning relate hii 
adventtire.— Sir W. Scott, 7^ I^^jutnid 
C/nxmhmr {time, Geoi^^ IlL). 

Brownlow, a moat benevolent old 
eentJenviin, who reacues Oliver Twiat from 
hiB vile adflocmtee. He refiisea to believe 
in Oliver't guilt of theft, atlbofigb ap- 
pearance* were cer^nly ^nunst him, and 
te even tak^ the boy into hia Mrvice,«>- 
C. Dickeni, Uiiver Tvist {l^i^}. 

Brox-mouth ( JoAit), a neighbour o| 
Hupper the miller.— Sir W, Scott, Tht 
Manasi^jH (time, EliiLabeth), 

Bruce (J?m?), an epic poem by John 

Bm'eL, the name of the gooae, in the 
tAk of Etifnard th« FiKc, The word 
means the ''Little roarer" (1408). 

Bmln, ihe name of the bear, in the 
beast-epic called Ii*:i^nard ihf il*z. Henctt 
a livar in gftoeral. 

The word meana the "brown oue^ 

lim'inj one of the leaden arrayed 
teaitiat llodibma. He i» luejMit for one 
Talgolf A Newgate butcher, who obtained 
a eapt&in'a comniljiaioa for vaJuur at 
Na»i,4*y. He marched ocxt to Owin 
[Ju?Jimt iioxtifi^jj Undbrd of the lear- 
jprdenj at ^oudiwark]. — S. Butler, //ud'i- 
bfii^, i. 3, 

Bntin (i/rs. and ifn), daughter and 
ton -in-law to air Jacob Jollup. kir. 
Bruin ia n hn^^e bcAr of a fi^ilow, and ndea 
hifl wife with acant courte^v.— S. Footei 
The J/tJj/of 0/ UuFrati (ITOa), 

Brulsrrud'dery (lkntUs\ landloid 
of the iFed Cow, an Muck slush Heath, 
Ue i-jiUs himself **an Irish f^intkman 
bred and bism.'* He wai ** brought up to 
the cburch," i\e. to be a church bea«]t^ 
but Wt hi$ place for snoring at serm cen- 
time, lie ifl a ai^t, wttb a vnry kind 
hi^art, and 19 honest in great matter^ al« 
ihf^mgh in buslnei^ he will palm off an 
old cuck for A vfponjif capon. 

J/ra. Brul'trwhkrfi^ wife of Dennia, and 
widow of Mr. Skinny gauge, fonncc 1 



iMd of tb« Red Coir« Unpmeipledf 
•elf-villed, ill -tern p*timJ, »nd ovpr-reach- 
lag, Voner i» the only thing thftt movea 
h«r. Mill wbf^ «b« haA tAkfn a bntte ^be 
will whttUe duwu Uic »ervi*-t t(T lite AnesI 
|i&tol*^<^* ColukAO, jiuu, John ihtii{im5), 

BrulXIO, « t*bcv of wofthip in CfBcm 
(vim c»r Ibe tSliellMid ftl«i). 

fw tttm im Mh* Oar iiImmI kl« t« Qm hanU 
^tdm af ■n«a, «*«fs Um #nM of Um M^ ImtwI 

Brun'chBval '^tlie Bold," a pAjiilin 
kaii^i, vho tUtied with tii Sai\ nine, sod 
lwl0 wer* thitnm to tlic ^ounJ together 
«t Ihc Ant cneooiitcr.— ^peuncr, /blrv 
<^wn^ av. 4 (1596). 

Bmnol^o, a defonn^d dw«if , who At 

of Albnon Mote 8«cripftn'tc'i 

_^ rom betWMD hit Im without htt 

owinic IL Tic aUo st^e AagcUcA's 

f nf which he re- 

!r Ajtie in which he 

- --.Wm- 

t ihoa 

; {Battle of), referred to 
>T t; ifffrM, it th< victory 

oi.L^.iH^l iu ^;^ Uy kiaf Alh«Lit«a oTtf^ 
tl>^ hanes. 

Bnmetta, moHier of Ownr (who 
narmd hi« coomo Futftar).— GomteiM 
D'Amw^r, Fkirtf Tttht (" Piiiie«M Fair- 

Hnirviii. I he rivnT Wnut 

nf Phvli;*, 

111 , 

Orutr to rciip?**^ n>i rr^ ni, tmi i'.njr^t'U* 

ftrrmyrd h^r trfttn-bcArcr in « ilmtt of the 
munw mmxxnmX and mt in th«* «imt; fuhioQ, 
114 w«fl tn Tn^rtiflcd that &h« woil 
' ad dkd.-^r^tf %<tialor, 

!«>Iand, who 

■ kl win her 

thtM triaU 

of skiil and tttrength : 
(S> Ihron' 

<1> hitiitng 

ifaar ; (S; Ihrowtotf a tton^ i asd (3> 

iitf of tHinftiid iiicec«d«H] lo wtQuinit tha 
that thfc« men c tha 

» In hti ioviaiola cloak) 


tta directic«ii» caasia^ U t4> atrilie iha ^ 
and kDock her down, /^Wl, thrawwf • 
•toDc M hng« that twclrp brawnir mm 
were emjylayed to carry it : Itninluld 
lilted it oo ^igh, fluo^ it twclfa tjuhaiaik 
and jumped beyond it. A pun Sirj^nM 
hdfied his friend tn thniw it furt}«er, and 
in 1ea{jifi|r bcyrmd tb • n« ^oaoL 

being fairly beaten, t fier lia 

men* ** I am no l^ ^lueeti 

miftrt^s; heneeforth arc jc the lie 
of UQnther" (lied Tii.). After mamafla 
Urufthild wa» ■© r.i.^tr. .» r,,i>« ibja iha 
kinic agaiii applied i whu aue* 

eenied in depriving rixi^ and 

girdle, after which tibe i>rriinie a 'ftrf 
•abmiwive wifa. — I^ SiththoQ^n, UmL 

Bru'no {Bishop)^ biidiop of Qcitl^ 
poUta'nam. Sailin^i; one dif Ofi te 
iHnnVic with Henry llh ejnpef«f of 
Germany^ they came to Ben Stnatii 
(*' the devouring grulf ">« near tiraaoa 
Caatle^ in Anstna. ^' - •^■- roice wt a 
»pirii clamoured aJ> I ! Buhop 

Bru DO, whither art : ">^? ^t 

go thv wayt, biftbo^ Uruii'^ fui Uiou thall 
travel with me to^ni^ht.** At nij^t^ wkiJe 
feaattag witk ttie emperor, a rafter fall m 
bia heMl and killed nitn. Sontbcy baa a 
ballad called BUhffV Bnma^ bat it detriAtci 
from the original IcitaQd fi^vtn by Uaj* 
wood in MTeral paittciilart : It nakoi 
bishop Bruno hear the voice firvl oo btf 
way to tile emfieror, who had invited him 
to 'dinner ; next, at the be^nninf of 
dinner; and thirdly » wlien tbe ^cuesta had 
well feaited. At the hitt watnin^ an iee- 
.eold hand lonchod him, aod Bruno fell 
dead in the baaKjuet halL 

Bruah, the imticfHoefit Knfliib ^wUt 
of lord Ofr\tby, it hit lordahip caOa lir 
Haver bean unless he choo#ea ; tf hk ball 
rings be never answer* it till it MviU kit 
plea»nre. He helps hitnielf ttttly io all 
nu master*! thimri, and makea love to all 

the pretty ch. * ^ ha coine» isAo 

contact with id Gainck* Jif 

Brut (/xf), a metrical ckronid* «f 
Mailri: Waee, canon of Qieo, la Nor* 
mftndv. It contains the enriicit hiatorf 
of Kri^lAQd, »nd other hiatorkvl lagw» 

(twelfth ceatuf)*). 

Brute (1 <«l.>* the fliit kin^ f4 
Britnin (in mytLioa] hifltonr). lie wai 
the »on of jl'.nvaa iiilviiif (giandaon (>f 
Aj4:ainjui and grvat^i^randaon of *§;ne«* 
of Troy). Brute called London (the 
OipiMl of hk adopted mm^} Tror- 





MfMtffJtefWiy). TlKkcaidiitihif: 
Ab «nde dedand thiU Brate ahoaM be 
te &mih of both Mi pMento; hii mother 
iiad in duld-birth, and at the ago of 
16 Brata ahot hia father accidentally 
b a daer-hiuit. Beinc driTen from Alba 
LMfa, ha collected a oaod of old Tnnans 
Bad landed at Totseia. in Devonahire. 
Hit wife waa Imogen, dugfater of Pan- 
drn'mi king of Greece. Efu tale is told 
at le^^ in the Ohnmides of Geoffrey of 
MoBBOodi, In tin first song of Diay- 
loa's FoifoHmm, and in Spenser's " ' 
^ ,iL 

f Ar JoAn), a eoaise, snily, ill- 

1 bnite, whose delist was to 

'*pn>Toke** his rouig wife, who he tells 
Bi ** is a Toong lady, a fine lady, a witty 

Isdy. and a virtuous lady, but yet I hate 
bir.* In a drunken frolic he intercepts a 
■king home a new dress to ladr 
ha insista on arraying himseu 
, is ai listed f6r a street row, and 
tekea before the justice of the peace. 
Bciagaaked his name, he ^ves it aa '* lady 
Mm Brute,** and is dismissed. 

Lorfy Brute, wife of sir John. She u 
■sbjected to divers indignities, and in- 
■dted mom, noon, and night, by her 
M«rij, drunken husband. Lady Brute 
iatngues with Constant, a former lover ; 
but her intrigues are more mischievous 
than vicious. — Vanbrugh, The Frcvoked 
Wife (16S^). 

kiHM pwt) to «d eonmMid «M th* tM-liidr aln MMl 

Brute Chreen-Shield, the successor 
ef ^raac king of Britain. The mjrthi- 
csl line Ls : (1) Brute, great-great-grand- 
■on of i£neaa ; (2) Locrin, Eis son ; (3) 
Guendolen, the widow of Lucrin; (4) 
Ebrsnc ; (5) Brute Green-Shield. Then 
follow m order Ldl, Hudibras, BUdud, 
Lar [Shakespeare's "Lear"], etc 

. . . flf bar eomcMw kin^. 
Bnrt* OrMB-SUaU. to wiMM auw *• praHdMM lovirta 
DtaiM^ to Mm* th« taMTt flm OMNMrar. finta. 

VnrUtm, PolpnMtm, tUL (ISU). 

Brute's City, London, called Trino- 
vant {Sew Troy), 

"nijiilTi^i ^.-.^ -^^-.- -^ -^-.- 

(Of course Thmownt *is so called from 
the Trinovantes or Trinobant^, a Celtic 
tribe settled in Essex and Middlesex 
a hen C»sar invaded the islaod.) 

Bru'ton Street (London), so called 
from Bruton, in Somersetshire, the seat of 
John lord Berkeley of Stntton. 

BmtUB {iMdua Ju$Uu8), firrt esMe^ 
of Rome, who condemned his own tva 
sons to death for joining a conspiracr to 
restore Tarquin to the tlurone, from which 
he had been banished. This subject has 
been dramatized by K. Lee (1679) and 
John H. Payne, under the title of Brutus 
or The Fall of Tarqum (1820). Alfiexi 
has an Italian tragedy on the same sub- 
ject. In French we have the tragedies af 
Anwalt (1792) and Ponsaid (1848). (See 


llM GlMPm TtaMtn 9m Mi Mn** h— dll. 11m piv 
choMO WM Paricni AtmIm, to whkh Um CMlwr ta9k the 
pMtar»aMw-aaiCbMtoE«uilte«ar«1ltM.* "^ 
audkoee at HfltaMd In tMn 4ni' 
ftov. UB *'BratM'* Mb on ttM 

didniiit la • banc af aeony. ** ^ 

fcUicr r wtan the vlMtoboaM brakt fortk IntB pMk ol 
aivrobatfcm. Bimiad Keaa thta «hlnr«* la hknali 
wr. *'ClMilli^ wm ara 4ol^ lb* tridtA-W. a BhmH. 
M t y r m tn UHw Aw»mm, 4?a 

Junius Brutus. So James Lynch Fits- 
Stephen has been called, because (like the 
firrt consul of Rome) he condemned' his 
own son to death for murder, and to 
prevent a rescue caused him to be exe- 
cuted from the window of his own house 
in Galwsy (1493). 

The Spanish Brutus, Alfonso Peres de 
Guzman, governor of Tarifa in 1298. 
Here he was besieged by the infsnt don 
Juan, who had revolted against his 
brother, king Sancho IV., and having 
Guzman's son in his powerj threatened to 
kill him unless Tanfa was given up to 
him. Guzman replied, " Sooner than bo 
guilty of such treason I will lend Juan 
a dagger to slay my son ;** and so 
saying tossed his da^n^ over the wall. 
Sad to say, Juan took the dajrger, and 
assassinaUMd the young man uere and 
then (1258-1309). 

Bntttis (Marcus), said to be the son of 
Julius Oesar by Servilia. 

Bnitni' bMteid hand 
Stabled Jiilha Cawu-. 

r/. act It. 8B. 1 (USIk 

This Brutus is introduced by Shake- 
speare in his trau^edy of Juiius Cctsftr^ 
and the poet endows him with every 
quality of a true patriot. He loved 
Cttsar much, but be loved Rome more. 

Jobs p. Kambi* Mams lo ma atwus to play bat tboaa 
charactan iu vhicb tbeni U a pm>^mlnatiiiK tinge uf 
■ome orer-nuHtrrinc pMikm. . . . Tbe natncLui pride of 
"OuriuUniis." the stok-iMn of "Bnitua. Uw Tebemenoe 
or " HMttpur.' nark tba daa of cfaaiactan 1 maau.— Sir 
W. Scott. 

In tiMllfeor C U. You'«. vaaratuld distUinand Keaa 
In "Hamlet.- "CuriuUiiua.'' "Bnitiu" . . . nevar ap- 
wltbln anr aaeaiiirahia diataoca ol tba karaaS 

Brutus, Ei tu. Brute, Shakespearv, 
OB Uis anthority of SaeWDini^ \>«te tinim 




wordi talo the oiottth fit CeMr whta 

\t !ic had 

I i duke 

,, -. ..^-- _.-L.,. -■- ,'..- j'ccur; 

\ ■•id: 

• Mt Q «(| ««• lrvN» ■«rf Minit 4* cnz 
1 <wqii CimpMn >*tT tl't. '"4 tjft*m«mi 
lf« l«f MM Rk •*! • la AM^— «M* 

» £4M«^ /y«M (link 
Brutus ftud Cioero. Cicero Mva : 

i.t re- 
'' , ■ ■ ^ ' .ui»." — 


« fM«i«^ -t Hi» fii^rfitrir * baiL 

Bryoa'fl Day v ember 18. 

^ I Sit. Brvet'* t}a-\ tlrwl c«uMd 

All the I>ftn« in the ktaplom to b« 
Mcrt-tly niunlcml id ont niftht* 

^ry'don A ' ^/* i « ' '■ . - ! u ning, 

vidow of s Mj^r, uf the 

Tower of Oh Scolt, Thg 

MofUliitiT^ (, tl Tl 1 "Li, I ; 1 S >-. 1 1 K* L U K 

Bubas'tiB, the PiAn'ti of Ep*{«tiAA 
m •' > ' 1^})^ ^^ tjj,^ d«t^;bur of 
1 1 ':r of UoruB* 

^ tirg ( Sir Adrian tk)^ « f etermn 
. piw.— Sir W. Swit, Vlwif 0/ 
* tur, K<lwa.rd lV,)t 

e wind in Cdtie 
'1 bv the Ancient 

i:ii.iKi:i<jLutii« lu i.uniwaji Ul foretell shjpN- 


Bwoen't'*^^'* '^- Venetian SUU 

klley aMiJ t- wbeii be went 

■u> wtd I i..%^ In cIassjc 

jrUiobttcy tiUc l»tiiciM4iir itm« half niAti 

1 h»lf (»x. 

ofMr whica eoit 
when AJ^xmiMler 

vtonfitod, AuU vhtu* i^ vtart ctl<l at it« 
deiiUi. AJcxaniter biliU • ciitr calJeU 

B«f<r|rb--'-- ••• ■'- " - '-• 

7T&^^ £, liae 

Uii- flf-nrji triru'l-'M T villi Hi lifitiv 

ck, wu tl» mtmlerer uf Mr. Tul» 

kinghom, and nr^t 1 i wIm) ffli 

char^ with the d> • w^am,-^ 

Dickeni, Blu^k Hoftat iWi^), 

Bricteing'bam f ftVflr^*- V^flfr^*, 4mk§ 

of irn*^ 

Pf '^ • 

virile "I 
bv lh«.l 





n wbidi 
lllid of 

Sulk, , ■•-. -■■■ ■■ , ,* I 

of "Ztmn" 1^. r,J 
aW Ackitopkrt. U' 

Sheridan fuunde«l hii ( 

otber worki, but ir ♦"-!*•" 

bored aa the fjrortije: • 

11. He wa« a mn^ jii>ii« 

*• Cab At " (ft. p.), and dosed & oixcsr of 

great splendor and wickedttMt la lb« 

m^-f -''- — ••- 

StoffnnL dnk* 
0/ Kftrd Hi* and a 

parlict{}«ttor m bu uiti4jvs, but r«vaUail 
a^aineit bim, &nf1 iviui bcheaifiKli In 1|!lU« 
Tl, - ; ■* ^ ' •* ■ -• ' •" ,t la 
tlw '<»> 

Af irrwMf^yrtr M-t^jt*>*fnyix* ( I »^7 *, U« all ♦ 
appearf Ju 6bAke«pcjfcr«*« UUhaM ilL 

Bntkin^httm (Manff duoKeu c/>. intr(»- 
doctd by sir W. Scott in t*tx^ c/ (A# 
/'ctTJfc itime, Cbarica IL)* 

Buckla^w (7^ foifid of)^ aftenrmnu 
Uird of Gimtngtan. Ilit name wm 
Fmnk Hajatun. Liicy Aa}4toQ pli^hta 


her tn?tJli tJ> Edgar nia*t*f 
W'Xki. and tbty ejtchao^i 
the Memiaid't Founfaitt 
■ir William A»hton, fir-u 
prruniima bijr in on 
nnrkUw, and a« ^ 

nf H« 






time, \^illiam IJlJ. 

BUCKLB. 141 


BaeUe (Jhtt tefo), jpot Into pawn at 
be late of 40 per ent. intaicst 

BMckU (3b tett)» to talk aboot mar- 

*• ^ « C •«« Mi triiW tellL-rir*. IM. 

Bnoklers-biiry (London), fo called 
tron one Buckle, a meer (Old and New 
I/mdum). In the rajni of Elixabeth and 
long afterwards Bocklenbuy was chiefly 
inhsbitcd by drnmsts, wbo sold green 
tod dried herbs. Uence Fslstaff Mys to 
Mil. Ford, be could not assume the waprs 
of tbose "lisping hawthorn bads [ 
wmtg /<ip^h ^bo smell like Bucklers- 
boiy in simple - time." — Shakespeare, 
Merry Wives of Wmdeor^ act iu. sc 8 

Bude Iilffbt, alijdit devised by Mr. 
Gwoey ofBude. In Cornwall. Intense 
li^t is obtained by supplying the burner 
with an abundant stream of oxygen. 
The principle of the Argand lamp is also 
I free supply of oxygen. Gurnoy's in- 
Tcntion is too expensive to be of general 
•enrice, but an intense light is obtained 
by reflectors and refractors called Bude 
(igktsj although they wholly differ in 
principle from Gumey's invention. 

Buffoon {The PmIvU), Hugh Peters 
U lo caUed by Dugdale (1599-1G60). 

Bug Jargral, a negro, passionately in 
love with a white woman, but tempering 
he wildest passion with the deepest re- 
«I*ct.— Victor Hugo, Bug Janjal (a 

Bulbul/an Oriental name for a night- 
tnj^le. When, in The Rrincr»» (by 
Tennyson), the prince, disguised as a 
woman, enters with his two friends 
(similarly disguised) into the colle|;e to 
which no man was admitted, he smgs ; 
tod the princess, suspecting the fraud, 
says to him, ** Not for thee, O bulbul. any 
rose of Gulistan shall burst her veil, i.ef. 
'*0 singer, do not suppose that any woman 
will be taken in by such a flimsy deceit.** 
The bulbul loved' the n)se, and Gulistan 
means the ** garden of roses." The prince 
wss the bulbul, the college was Gulistan, 
snd the princess the rose songhL — Tenny- 
son, The BrimoesSf iv. 

Bulbul-He'iar, the Ulking bird, 
which was joined in singing by all the 
Song-birds m the neighbourhood. (See 
TAULi!fu niKi>.)— ilr(j6*rm lights ('*The 
Two Sisters," the last stor>-). 

Bulla, mother of Egyp'ius of Thessaly . 

Egypius entertained a criminal lore fot 
Timandra, the mother of Neoph'ron, and 
Neophron was ^ilty of a similar passion 
for Bulls. Jupiter changed Egypins and 
Neophron into vultures, Bulis into a ducky 
and Timandra into a sparrow-hawk.— 
Gastic Mythology. 

Bull (/oAn), the English nation per- 
sonified, and hence any typical English- 

Bun la th* BMin WM M boiMrt. pUa-dMUns Mknr. 
diolwie, bdd. Bad ol • vciy Jneomtent twmnat. H* 
diwdad not old UwkliMrfi ir/r.^ dtlMr mt iMHdt-nrMd. 
rioKk lakhkHi. or eiHl«»l-plajr ; tat tkra b« mm vtry apt 
to qiiiwral wlih his b«t Mendt, ttftdMf If tbay Vf- 
tamlad to furvn him. If you flnttarad him, joa might 
had falm M • ehUd. Joha'i tampar drpandMl ncy mueh 
npon tha air; hb iDirlia roae aiid ftU wUh Iha waathar- 
ffML Hawai qukk.aiid ondantood borincaivall: bat 
ao aiaa alhra warn B»ai« caialaw la looklnK failo hii 
aeeomptiL nor mora cfaaatad by itartnata, appraatiraa, aad 
•arrantk . . . No man kapt abattar hooat. nor vaat hla 
BB0IM7 BMra saaaraadjr.— Cha^ a 

(The subject of this History is the 
'*S^ish Succession** in the reigns of 
Louis XIV. and queen Anne.) 

Mrs. BulL queen Anne, *' very apt to be 
choleric.'* On hearing that Philip liaboon 
(Philippe due d'Anjou) was to succeed to 
lord Strutt's estates {i.e. the Spanish 
throne) J she said to John Bull : 

" Yuu aijt. jrou loitir about ale-hoiun and tavcnu, apend 
jroor Unia at bUliardii, nlnrpini. or puitpat-^iova, ncvar 
! nor my nunianiut (aniUy. Dun't }0u bear 
lord Smitt lth4 ktn'j <^ »i>a*ii\ bu banoka Ida 
lirrrtm at Lrwia Haboun's kliop ' /VaiMaJT . . . Fla apoa 
It! Up. niaiil . . . 1*0 adl my abtft bafora 111 ba w 
inad."— Chap. 4 

John Bull's Mother, the Church of 

John had a motlwr. whom ha lovad and honourad ax> 
trcnifly ; ■ dlitrrMt, grave. •t>hcr, good-ooixlitUined. cleanly 
oM Kentlevouiaii aa ercr Uvart. She wmM mmt of your 
crue»-SrBliicd. temumant. KOtUins Jade* . . . alwaya 
eeuAuiuff yuur oondurt ... on the contrary, ihe waa of 
a meeh ainrlt . . . and put the be»t c«iiiatnH:tion u|-oa 
the wunJ* aiid actions \4 Iter nrishtxiun. . . . She nelthar 
wore a mlT. furvhead cluth. nor liiith-crownad hat* . . . 
She Mfmed to patch ami imint. )et >h« hncd clcanltnao. 
. . . She wa« no lean genteel In her behaviour . . . In tho 
due Diran between one of your affected curt*) ina ulceai' ol 
furnudlly. and )«iur lIl-niAnnered rreatuiea which hata bO 
regard U> the cmniuou rule* of drUlty.— PL IL 1. 

John Bidfs Sister Peg, the Scotch, ia 
love with Jack (Ca/cin). 

John liad a idater. a poor girl that had bam raarid . . . 
on oatnii«l and water . . . and lodKad iu a gMrrvt axpCMd 
to tha north wind. . . . However. thU luamea . . . gava 
bar a hardy ounttltutliMi. . . . Fag had. Iiidaed, •ou.a ud4 
huiuoun and rt>ndt-ml anUpathiat. . . . abc would (alut at 
the tuund «>f an Dncau. and yet danc^ and frUk at tha 
n<iiae of a bacplpe.— Dr. Arfauthnot, Miatorp ^f J9tnm 
BuU. U. 2 (171.:). 

Bulls, ludicn>u8 blunders. 

Merry talek. vltty Jarta. aad ridiculous boUs.— Snaf ai 
^f Mtute (IdHSt. 

That auch a p>iem should be toothlaaa and aflrm to ki 
a buU.— MllUin. Apotog»/»r UmeUgmmuti* (ISM). 

Bull-dog, nmgh iron. 

A man waa puttlnt lamtc hull-dog Into 4ia raMb wftfM 
hisaiNMlacautfut hatwuan Um toUa.— riava. 




Bull-doga, the two MfTBitu of • 

OQivenity prrictor, wHo follow him id hit 
Ityiiftdi to BMuit him io Apprehending 
■tiid«nli who ftrt violating the uoivenit j 
■tAtgt#«» foch M ftppeimiiic in Uie «fcr««t« 
ftfter diDDcr without Oftp «o4 gown, etc 

Bullamy. i*' 
Brn^ce I' 
litsuriknco ' 

"^f4^^ of tlie 

iimI Ufe 

V tdtidfldi chiefljr 
liii red Wftislcckat, 
UMkwdmwi were 
nu— C. Didkeni, 


the Green, who 

t in the arm v of 

* four H»nrY 
rm** if 6# 

J , r 

e-^icUutic'l, "Will you UlU uk&i MuaU^r 
8hal)oiM. how in cbmive a man? Care 1 
for tlie lioib, the Uiewt. the nUMifeV ♦ . . 
Give mv lUc •pint, Ma^tirr Shallow."^ — 
Shakeatieart^ 2 //«f»ry IV\ acl iiL ic 3 

BtiUeUhead (fAf <?«•!). Georvt 
iCBdottdjil, Leader of tha Cbotiaot (1760- 

~ *). 

^'-"T^ (ifr,), laiftl ftf Killan* 
till *>f Lhe barnn of Brad war- 

Bulmer f Tia/nilMtf), titular eatl ot 

KUittrir rrieil UiClam Mowbraj, 

Mr^ -*r, mother of Valeo- 

titip. ^ le e«rt erf KftiennL'tuo 


BiimTile, U 
huns cilivi.r "' 

A r 

artvd, fii- 
of hii own 
ltt« xriveo 

or T^'- 


' rotifCht 


,s idea« 

a diancieT 

the word 

u^ •aogaoce and 

0f a p»n«h authority 

A ff f r mamage, the 

luully ben- 

of oariMh dii^ty^ 
aafboriOTt the ib*^ ht&acai 

*»t pariah 

officers. From Bumbk, 11m b<adi% ia 

Dickens's Odr^r Twut (IflO?)* 

Bumldnet, a shenhefil. I]« fao- 
poses to <imb'binol thai they ih»«ld 
repair to a ccitaiu htai aod sipc*" Giirtafi 
of Crovdon," *' Ptetienl GrlMd^** "Owi 
away C^Are," '* Over the 11111%*' snd mt ma j 
but Dtin^ t^d that Bloii/eltnda wa« daad* 
be sing! a dirge, aod iirubbknol jaiM 

flwf MiiJ tiw I— m. i>fw dimm ■iiian4i 
liB* MB* fvjHtoa 

(An tmttatioii 
" l»aphois.* ) 

Of VtrgU'i i5c/* T, 

Bumper (Sr Bcrwy}^ a oaoriTial i 
friend of CliarI«B '^nfht^, H« tingt tha I 
popular tong, beginnings- 


^■iHMk «Wka«r>r Awtitf IRTVll 

Bunoe (/^adt), o/iot Frederick Alt** 
mont, a ci-deumi actor^ one of the trc w 
of the pitatc TeascL- i>ir W, ScolV A* 
PiraU (time, WUliam lit.). 

Bimoh {Mother)^ an aiewife, amb- 
tfonM \^^' Ut'kket in hii dram* caUed 
F.. \m^). In ICtM waa pab- 

li'i -A Jf,\i$t tnixcd viih Molhet 

Hurt, 'f f MrrnmentS. 

There lam a aeriei of "Faiir Talei* 
called MoiAer Sumeh't Fair^ Tale*. 

Bunch {Moiktr)^ the anppoeed |N**| 
ii«»or of a ** cabinet broken open** and \ 
revealinf *' rare McreCs of Art • 
Nature, «ich aa lov«-tpella (1760), 

Btua'de^ mcsaenKcr ta» iIm eari al| 
Donglaa^^Sir W. Scot*, fmr UmM rfl 
J'tra (time, Henry 1V.>, 

Bfm*cl0 (/o/ia), ^* a prodiponi hand at 
matrimanr, dirinitj, a bohj^. and a 
peck.** He married eeren »lt«*, 
loft all in the flower of llirir atf#. For I 
two or three * '' * ' ' 

wife bewat i- 
refigned lo bi^ 
marryhic Agaiii.— TbLrn. ^Ujiory, 2V Zy*,^ J 
rtc, ofJithn Bundif^ Eaq. 

Bundalindsg the b^m-ideal ttf i^ | 



tf I * f ■! a«i»»piiBM»a»af«aBHaai^lflBH 



WiUw^M, and frkAd of Ton Tag the 

_, H€ ifl a ptunt hiNMst , 

batncttlj in awe of nit wife, who iiegi 
il mm fhHB momiiig till niriit. 

Mrt, Bmtdkf a rolnr Im Helaprop, 
nd a tcfmannt. ** ETer^rthing most be 
her wij or tbere*8 no gcttmg anj peeoe.** 
She greetlj fk«qiaeiited the minor the- 
elra, tad Momred notione of eentimentel 
foemee. She told Wilelmina, if she 
tfeeed to manj Robin : 

- n eUiAKlK yM taM My ilM« ta *• Uooi or w 
>rt^.ib»Owg M i^ —i y— w ar — tp< wBm iMifawg 
atlktr. piwM. MM. paitiy. i0». r ' 



Bnn'gagr (/Wtir), one of 
teomcdy by Bobeft Green, e 
Baeom ana /War Jfwyjay. 


entitled /War 
Bwnoay, Both the 
frim are eonjoron. and the faeoe con- 
dedca with one of their papils bmng 
Ctfricd off to the infenal regions on the 
Wek of one of fkiar Becon*s demone 

Bnngen [Bum-^n\^ the etreet in 
Hemelin down wnich Ae pied piper 
Buting led the rats into the nver Weser 
■nd the children into s csve in the moun- 
tsjn Koppenbezs. No music of any kind 
*« permitted to be played in this street. 

Bonffey (/Wor^, personification of 
the charlatan of science in the fifteenth 

*«* In TKt Lagi of the Banm^ by lord 
Lrtton, friar Bnngey is an historical 
character, and is said to have ** raised 
mists and vapours,** which befriended 
Edward lY. at the battle of Bamet. 

Bunslyy {Captam Jafm or Jot^)^ 
owner of the Cautioma Ciara, Captain 
Cattle considered him '*m |>bildifipher, 
sod quite an orade." CaptAiti Bntmbj 
had one ** stationary and one rrrolTmg 
tyty** a very red face, and wsi extremely 
tadtom. The captain w&a cDtrapped by 
Mis. licStinKer (the tom-iL-R'^t L-jn^ifiniy 
of his friend captain Cuttle) into marnr- 
ing her.— C Dickens, Dombey cmd &n 

Buntliig* the pied piper of Ham'elin. 
Bi was so called from nis drees. 

lb Uifv Ike plpa kk Upa b* vrf Bklid. 
Aa4 9«Hi ud liliM hk riiwp «7« twiBkM . . . 
Aai «r« duw mMm bb frifw bad ottarad . . . 
Oat of f b* boMMi nua caaM tambHat— 
Omu ntM. tmaU nUt, laan fmak btavny rati^ 
Brova raK Mark rata, my nU, tMwnf rat^ . . 
Aad M» by aup tbay fkiBawad bkB daadM. 
n Ikv caM to tba rtvar W«ar. 


Bur {iMm)t the servant of Job Thon- 

beirv) Obm brasier of Penxaace. Braiaaa 
in his manners, but most devotooljr 
a t t ache d to his master, by whom he was 
taken from the workhouse. John Bar 
kept his master's "books** for twentr* 
two years with the utmost fidelity.— G. 
Colman, jnn., John Buii (1805). 

BurlMm (u#. Hemri IV. of Framnf\ 
He is betrothed to Ford(^lis (Francft)^ 
who has been enticed from him oy Gran- 
torto {rtbeUkm), Being assailed on aQ 
ndes by a rabble rout, Pordelis is carried 
oir by **hellrake hounds." The rabbla 
batter Bnrbon's shield {protewUmtiam)^ 
and compel him to throw it away. Sir 
Ar'tegal (r»/AI or justice) rescues the 
"recreant Icnigfat" from the mob. but 
blames him for his unkni|ditly fbll^ in 
tiirowing sway his shield (of faith). 
Tains (tW execuHoe) beate off the hell- 
bounds, gets possession of the lady, and 
though sne floute Burbon, be catches her 
up upon his steed and rides off with her. 
—Spenser, Faery Qiteen, v. 2 (1596). 

Burohell (Mr,), alias sir William 
Thomhill, about 30 years of age. 
When Dr. Primrose, the vicar of Wake- 
field, loses £1400, Mr. Burchell presents 
himself as a broken-down ^Dtleman, 
and the doctor offers him nis purse. 
He turned his back on the two flash ladies 
who talked of their high-life doings, and 
cried " Fudge ! '* after all their boastings 
and remarks. Mr. Burchell twice rescued 
Sophia Primrose, and ultimately married 
her. — Goldsmith, Vkar of Wakejield 

Burgundv {Charles the Bold, duke 
of) J introduced by sir W. Scott in Qitentm 
Duncard and in Anne of Geierstein. The 
latter novel contains the duke's defeat at 
Nancy', and his death (time, Edward IV.). 

Bu'ridan's Ass. A man of inde- 
cision is 80 called from the hypothetical 
ass of Buridan, the Greek sophist. Bu- 
ridan mainteined that **if an ass could 
be placed between two hay -stacks in such 
a way that its choice was evenlv balanced 
between them, it would starve to death, 
for there would be no motive why he 
should choose the one and reject the 

Burleigh {William Cecil, lord), lord 
treasurer to queen Elizabeth (1520-1598), 
Introduced by sir W. Scott in his his- 
torical novel called Kenilicorth (time, 

He ia ' no of the principal 




In Tht Eari of Etms^ 9. tngedy by Uenrr 

Jfmr9 (1745). 

« p»rli*wenUiy Teftd«, 

t \fftntri.\^^ ft oovd by nif 

i - of tha A^id, A 

t! , *aid. l*off, 

in I'.-, '.r , . ■! Art«fcd»,'* 

ItU ■' -^-JUs-'-'^* ■ '' '1^' li.i* the 

a0Aiift ef I 
ftittl hiu nu 

flli^> coniei oTn me sm^'e ami bmciki'*! aix 
hr»J« by which lie me»fui fju* more tiutA 
wnrdu cxiuld otter, PuJf ■Art: 

Wk9, Iv (teM 4i«lk« d tm hmU h» ^«v ran 1» 

Wit Utiil dMi 9fm Cbo^k ib^ Ika4 flnn Jntte tn 
lki» «Mi Mfd vtaioM IB tMr mi ii . M IT lh«n 

Hit fvvp^ VMM «| tartM* H^ie* to fl« hmiuu 

Jtawr. |Nlb>MMalltt9tii«lwl(li«1kla»Mif 

j^ t»«T ««■« «r 0, mwtmmm, rw cm«ic il t 

Burleeque Poetry { Father of), 
Ki}«{H/o«x of EptubMxs (sixUi ocotery 

Burlong, & guutt^ whd«e I««^ «r 
Tnr'ikmoitr cut off. — Rtimenat of Su- Try- 

Burn D^yUffht (We), w« wii«u 
ti«t« (in C^k ioAlesd of »ctiatiK— Hh^ktv. 
»i)fi«f*, Merru Wiixa of WthdMr, met ii. 
•ft. 1 (tCOi). 

BombilU Heniy de LnoiSrea, ftrefi- 
liiithn|i of Dublin 4tid tnrd jti«tic« of 
IrcUnd, in tbe rei|ra «^f Hmnr flf. It 
i« Mid that be fnodntentlv ^ntrmt dJ the 
**lilU»** or inMlJiiDictiti hf vbieh the 
liaiAla of the ftrehbiab^prk b^lil Iheir 

Burninir Crown. ReidHdn warn 

•I otii! t]m« paniahed bjr IwrtQff » crown 
of red-lii9l bvn placed oo thetr nettd. 

■ btr 

Aod th* iluVc nf ijiU-iii- .■III .'-I'l'T'i!'! nti^t 
Bur'rifl, am Lori«'t,t loril. fftvaiiriU of 

* Blisliy (^)t * loir coT,ic*l l»«*rskin 

mjm of A ** bii«sirfg/* the joko t>«^ m 

tefefmee to Dr Botby of 

8d)ool, who never wofi A wii^ bti& 00I7 

» 0kull-«sp. 

Businesii Tcvtrottow 

Arch IAS, OQC ' ' ' "^ 
in Athens, tnt 
lo bim r*«|" 
Pelctpulu. He viAji At i 
titne^ «nd thrunt tlie 

M'-ti^m of 


III duriivc 

rest III Hi'- ^jKirt «ij <^n\r. 

Bu'Biraiie (3 jy/.), aq endunter mhn 
boimd Ain'nret by th« w»j«i Ln a hrmxca 1 
ptlUr, ma4» niaciqf ber with a dart^ | 
wrrttv ma^rio otafaoten with the dmpptiuE 
blotid* '*all for to make h«r lore aiou 
Wh«n Brit'ofnarl a|>proacbed^ th« tat- 
cbaater ftartod itf -- * 'vnnmif to 
Aiiiurvt, wtm ftbou a liatf« 

into h*^ hmrt r Hu* tercepial 

arri . ^_:: __: _ ;^U Ilia > 

ehain.^Stieiu^, iocry i^iOM, Ml. IL J 
Ii (i&dO), ^ 

Bosi'Tla, kjnc . a* told by 

a for«ii^er that th' . ^t of ntna 

ycaiB irould ceaao wik n vnr god* of th* i 
ootmlix were mollified by baisaQ iMri^J 
fioe. ''So be it," taid the kia^ tadl 
ordered the man himwlf to be " ' 
u the victim. — //«rucf, ii. 69-41. 

ituf/Kt, »vrP<>«ed bj MiUoa to 1 
PbanMib dnwutd In tM Red Bm, 

Bus'ne (2 «p//.). So Ibe i^fntico call 
all who dn Qot lielotig In their 1 

BUBQUeuo (Itrrri), plaintiff (n 

real r»r>(ii.'.imi'iiMri twuvbilt krvotriq, 
wliirh ' 

I dcfefic*." I'antag'mel, tiowKTcr^ 




Bod^ (7V),aooiiiedy bj Hn. 

(17(»). Sir FnmcU Gripe 

I of MixvidA SB heinM, and 

•od M both plaintiff tad 
coiMidaied he n«d got th* 
oth were folly ntitfied, •'* 
thng withook pumllel in all the •niwli of 
tht eowt."—lUbeUit, Fatdagrmd^ iL 

OntUTTO , 

of Chaiict), a man 66 yean old, 
i to manr his ward for the lake 
ef her money, bat Miranda lores and is 
briored by nr Gcoise Airy, a man of 
M. She pntaids to love ^'Gardy,** and 
dopes him into yielding op her money 
■nd giving his eonsent to ner marriage 
with **the man of her choice," believ- 
Bf himself to be the person. Charles 
it in love with Isabinda, daughter of sir 
Jmlous Trafiek, who has made np his 
■iad thai she shall marry a Spaniard 
aamed don Dieco Babinetto, ezpeisted to 
arrive forthwith. Charles dresies in a 
Spanish eostome, passes himself off aa 
the expected don, and is married to the 
lady of his choice ; so both the old men 
sie doped, and all the yoong people wed 
socording to their wishes. 

But are Ye sure the News is 
True f This exquisite lyric is generallv 
SKribed to William Mickie, but Sarah 
TjUr, in Quod Woods, March, 1869, 
SKribcs it to Jean Adam of Crmwfurd's 
Dyke. Site says, " Colin and Jean '* are 
Colin and Jean Campbell of Crawfurd*8 
Dyke — the Jean being the poetess and 
writer of the poem. 

Butflher (2'Atf), Achmet pasha, who 
■truck off the neads of seven of his wives 
at once. He defended Acre against Napo- 
leon I. 

John ninth lord Clifford, called "The 
BhM^k CUfford** (diod 1461). 

Oliver de Clisson, consUble of France 

Bnicher {The Bloody) , the duke of 
Cumberland, second son of George 11. ; so 
eallnd for his great barbarities in sup- 
preMing the rebellion of Charles Edward, 
the young pretender (1726-1765). 

Butcher of Eng'land, John Tiptoft, 
earl of Worcester, a man of great learning 
and a patron of learning (died 1470). 

OsMMOK^oalattenkinor Bdwwd IV. b« ortevd 
ITiBtMr- la iqufa* t* hird Warwkk) uid iilnctMn alhcn, 
rillvaClMHni. M be faajakri Stow. H«r*w«ra CArv 

T«tw ^r^p*«f*TnM TTM ttrt Tyy t*T* t**** *»— * hrnwl mtn 
kvaM farO LuMMlriaa prfaoacn at flof hampton. pat 
toSS tb« tafa atcMM w oTjbt I rMi cfalrf ft Mnina^ 

»<M mmd Mtmltm t im, «. «. 

Butler (The Bg9, Mr,), miUtwy 
chaplain at Madras.— Sir W. Scott, Tk§ 
AuyeoH^t Daughter (time, George II.). 

Builer (Be%Aem)f a piesbyteiian min- 
ister, married to Jeanie Deans. 

Benjamin Builer, father of Reuben. 

St^ihem Butier, oenerally called *« Bible 
Butler,** cnrandfather of Reuben and 
father of Benjamin. 

Widow Judith Butter, Rtahm't grand- 
mother and Stephen's wife. 

Euphemia or Femie Butler, Reuben's 
daugbter. • 

Damd and Re*i^'en Butler, Reuben's sons. 
—Sir W. Scott, Heart of Midlothiam 
(time, George II.). 

Buttercup (John),% milkman.— W. 
Brongh, A Phenomenon m a Smock Fhxk, 

Buzo'nuty a shepherdeis with whom 
Cuddy was in love. 

Mr browB BaaiMM b the (iMlMt bhM 
That «'«r at wak* daUshtMOM fMnbol 


And utiOktr lamb, nor kid. nor ait, i 
DuOT Ilk* BuiMBa oo UMSnt or May. 

dgr. Fatf rm i , L (1714)l 

Buz'fUa {Serjeant), the pleader re- 
tained b^ Dodson and Fogg for the 
plaintiff m the celebrated ca^e of "Bar- 
dell V. Pickwick." Serjeant Buzfuz is a 
driving, chaflin<;, masculine bar orator, 
who proved that Mr. Pickwick*! note 
about " chops and tomato sauce " was a 
declaration of love ; and that his reminder 
**not to forget tlie warming-pan*' was 
only a flimsr cover to express the ardour 
of his affection. Of course the defendant 
was found guilty by the enlightened iury. 
(His junior was Skimpin.)— C. Dickens, 
The Pickicick Papers (1836). 

Buz'zard {The), in The Hind and the 
Panther, bv Dr^-den (pt. iii.), is meant 
for Dr. Gilbert Burnet, whose figure was 
lusty (164^-1715). 

Bycom, a fat cow, so fat that its sides 
were nigh to bursting, but this is no 
wonder, for its food was "good and 
enduring husbands,'* of which there is 
good store. (See Ciiichi-Vachb.) 

Byron {The Polish), Adam Mickie- 
wici (1798-1866). 

Byron {The /fiusian), Alexander Sei- 
gcivitch Puschkin (1799-1837). 

Byron (Jiiss Harriet), a beautiful and 
accomplished woman of high rank, de- 
votedly attached to sir Qiarles Grandison, 
whom ultimately she marries.— Richard' 
son, Sir Charles Grandison (1768). 


Byron and l£Ary. 



2 p. 4 MtM Cluwortii. Both 

u*f I tkud lord Birron «en 

wariU of ill. White, Mi*#' lliawoith 
m*Trir(l J"hti Mtinters, and lord Byron 

boiii i-y. 

Byron and Teresa OtilcclolL 
Tlti* InAy ktmH. ai, 

thiit Bvron **ne ,, . ... „. , ., ,.^ be 
lovrd ^'^retB." 

BjroQ and Uui Bdinbnrsh Ba> 
view. It w** Jeffrey and not BroagbAoa 
who WToii Lhc Article which proTok^ thn 

O (in Nbim imd Qmrk*h ^ R>fl^ 
Ilofi. Jr>ho WUion Crok«r. 

Caalja {Ai}, the tlirit>« of Mecca, 
wid by the Ar&U to U built by Abis^ 
h«ai on the txmet spot of the L»beniAcl« 
let down from heaven «t the prnyer of 
repenUnl Adam, Adam hod l4en a 
wanderer for 200 yearif and here received 

The hlock tiam^ according to one tr»<. 
diyon» waa once white, bat wu turned 
black bv the kisace off noneiv. It ta **« 
p«lrill«d angel.** 

Aneotdin^ bo another tradition, thit 
•^ne «r»a ^iven to T«ihViiini/-J l«v the angfti 
ii*f isaonio 


Cull'-:: rn*niitfy 

fofrnt ! <rjd eon- 

•i^t Bfiwk- 

io^ lalej, 

t ri naarcr. 

atnu^^^v uikd Ut, ctmUric, a inwanl^ ami 
a buily. lie fAmntu money will boy 
«ver>'thiu£ and cTerj- nne^^l^iimoni 
and Fleu^neff Hui^ a Wift and Ifaw a 

C i, the fool or domeitie 

I*' nr'onnd, CaciiTKn* in a 

'W"*^' i -^.riing mil 

«*krr- lea, MtgoifvmiM 

(tibtthjjtj V, IWSO). 

Ca'oiu, a giant who lived in t cave 

on monnt Ar'e&tifne (3 ^y.). Whan 
Hercultjs came to Italy witii th« oxen 
which h« had taken from Ger^ftm of 
ii$[tiiint Cacua ftole part of the herd, but 
dtm^p^ the animala by tlietr taila into 
bia cave, that it might be iiDppo«<d Ibey 
ba4 oome ani of it. 

tr IM Ciil* iBto dlim. tt h ■qoaAy dbw llMfvm Mm^ 
4«m4 1» hlM on |Mi»HP to mthtm UM €toH%. ih* 
ttWH i/hi^ nCTML— Jtaey«. «Ht. Aft. *' RmMMML' 

Cad, ft low^born^ rulj^ar fellow. A 
cadie in Scotland waa a canier of * 

I UlataN^i RM* Mi Im« kmn dtol ««« Mte*. 

n «««i Htmemnitm^ Uk* mU ^iv aolt IM> 

Tlw w«W VH tvwwht Id Un§at, by Ji 

♦*• M* PrinjBcie 
word came fmm Tnrkey, 

C&de'titiB (^ Mul,), dean SwifL Tht 
word U simply 4rw3d-mM (*• a dean "). 
with the (int two lytlablea tranipoaca 
(ta-de-mus). *' Vaneaaa " ii Mi« Kather 
Tanhomrkh, a jotmg Udy who fell in 
lore with swift, and propoaed mairini^ 
The dean's reply ii giTeo in the poem 
entitled Cm&*u$ and VoMua ri.r. Van- 

Cadnoeu^ the wand nf Ifertwy. 
The " poat of Mercnrv ** meani the olliot 
of a pimpi and to ^^mr the cadnoeut" 
meaaa to exerciae the fnnctioni of % 

bonouraNa w A vw oaM ^ « . and I i«nl*«i l« ikHk 
«fnn iiM CAddMM tor •f«r.-44Mei. e«t #a«ii «a. 1. « 

CadiuKei, ibe people of Aqnita'^nia. 

Cad'wal. Arrir'a^fua, ion of Cym'- 

H^lin^, w#* *io r%\\rt\ wbil<« K<? lived in 

■ '• * ' called 

ul enp- 


CadwoUader* cnlled by Bede (i 
aift.) ' son of Ca^jwalla kin^ 

of V jj cam pel led by peeCi* 

le»c4 ».M4 .«M.4(ie to laare Britain, h# 
went to Armorica. After the plapa* 
ccaaed be went to Rome, where, in Gttk, 
be wa4 baptized^ and rec«i'rcd the naot 
of rcter, bat died v«ry aoon aftcnranyu 

Cmiwdl^lm Hmk itmm \mOt^ to mm aiMiiirti < 

Oaiitaliailfr^ the miaanlhrope in 1 
tett*a P^r^tgrmt Pk^ (1751). 

GadwaU'oiit ion nf the 
Cyne'tlui. Both Cathar nod too < 
pnnied priaise Ifadoc lo Korth Amdea 








OaiwarUm, the fimmrito bard of 
pffines Gwcnwjm* H6 entered tiM mt- 
Tke ol nr Hmgo de Um^, dUgiuMd^ onder 
Um Mfiimcd nunc of Renault Yidftl. — 
Sir W. Soott, Tht Betroihtd (time, 

Cn'eias, tiie nortii-west wind. Ar- 
mtde is the north-east, and Bo'ieas tiie 
full north. 

Onlaeti'Xia, Hat Vridc of sir Walter 
TerilL The Idbff commanded sir Walter 
lo bring his brioB to eonrt on the night 
of her marriage. Her father, to save 
her honour, gave her a mixtore supposed 
to be poison, bat in reality it was only a 
sleeping draiight. In doe time the bnde 
recovered, to the amusement of the king 
and delight of her husband.— Th. Dekker, 
8atinMna$ii» (1602). 

Cfls'neus [Se.nuoe] was bom of the 
female aex^ and was originallj called 
Ovnis. Yam of her beauty, she rejected 
all loTers, but was one day surprised by 
Meptnne, who offered her violence, 
dumged her lex, converted her name to 
Ceneus, and gave her (or rather Aim) the 
gift of being invulnerable. In the wars 
of the LAp'iuue, Ceneus offended Jupiter, 
and was overwhelmed under a pue of 
wood, but came forth converted into a 
yellow bird. iBneas found Ceneus in the 
infernal regions restored to the feminine 
•ex. The order is inverted by sir John 

And bov VM OMiMi mid* at flnt » mu. 
And Umb ft wn— . Ifa«i ft umhi agftla. 

Onkt ttra , tto. (Hisy. 

ChPgttT, said to be a Punic word 
meaning "an elephant,'* "Qubd avus 
ejus in Africa manu propria occidit 
elephantem ** (Plin. Hiai, viii. 7). There 
are old coins stamped on the one side 
with DIYUS JUUUS, the reverse hav- 
tng S.P.Q.K. with an eleohant, in allu- 
sion to the African original. 

Ift ItefUB JottfttlMiib Otdtm «tftt. DodoiM aflbM, pro 
■••VKlcljrpKi; •> flirt— ■ ltti» — t qwcd. PuateftUnna, 


Cctmtr {Caim Jvinu), 

) I*vft md. bM «Mn I fafai^ b 

I wrlUiif hk 

(Longfellow ref^ to Pliny, vH. 26, 
where he says that Cesar ** coiud employ, 
at one and the same time, his ears to 
listen, his eyes to read, his hand to write, 
and his tongue to dictate.** He is said 
to have conquered 800 nations ; to have 
taken 800 cities, to have slain in battle a 
million men, and to have defeated three 
millions. See below, Ccuart Wars,) 

Quar and Ms Fortune. Plutarch sajrs 
that Oesar told the captain of Uie vessel 
in whiduhe sailed that no harm could 
come to his ship, for that he had ** C«sar 
and his fortune with him.** 

Nov am I UlM that preod famSOim •Up. 

BMir b* SnOfMUL taift Ittda 

ia B«mk ftad I ttilak b» wm right wh«o 

Bbaimpmn, 1 Bnirp r/. act L «. S OSBBI. 

Cctsar saves his CommetUaries. Once^ 
when Julius Cnsar was in danger of 
being upset into the sea by the overload- 
ing of a boat, he swam to the nearest 
ship, with his book of Commentaries in 
his hand. — Suetonius. 

CoBsar's Wars, The camsj^^e occa- 
sioned by the wars of Ciesar is usually 
estimated at a million fighting men. He 
won 320 triumphs, and fought 500 bat- 
tles. See above, C^ksar (Caiits Julius), 

What mlDlons dM Uiat Cmmr mlcht ba araati 
Gampbdl, Tk» FUoMurm mj Sfm. U. (1780). 

Qesar's Famous Despatch j " Veni, vidi, 
vici,'* written to the senate to announce 
his overthrow of Phamacds king of 
Pontus. This **hop, skip, and a jump" 
was, however, the work of three days. 

CcBsar's Death, Both Chaucer and 
Shakesiieare say that Julius Ciesar was 
killed in the capitol. Thus Polonius says 
to Hamlet, "I did enact Julius Cnsar; 
I was killed i* the capitol ** {Hamlet ^ act 
iii sc. 2). And Chaucer says : 

Thb Jttlhu to ttM eapltoM «*»t« . . . 
And In lb« capitola anon hini Ranta 
Tbia faM Bruttu. ami hb othar ■oon. 
And stick ed him wlUi bodOldna anon. 
CanUrUary TaUt {" The Moak'a T^" VUt^, 

Pluterch expresnly tells us he was 
killed in Pompey's Porch or Piazza ; and 
in JtUius Ccgsar Shakeripeare says he fell 
"e'en at the base of Pompey's statue'* 
(act iii. sc. 2). 

Cctsary the Mephintoph'elfis of Byron*s 
nnfinitihed drama called The Deformod 
Tratis/ormed. lliis Ciesar changes Ar- 
nold (the hunchback) into the form of 
Achilles, and assumes himself the de- 
fonuity and ugliness whidi Arnold oaste 




off. The dmntft htint; tneomplftc^ all 
that chq be iiiiid is that 'UVjiar/' in 
cyTiici*«m, cflrimteTyt and anarlin^ bitter- 
nee* of spirit, 19 th« exact cotinterpArt of 
his pml<ity{j«, Me[ihijta(>h«lt^s {1821). 

CiBMr (/Jon), Ml old m&Q of 63, the 
father of OUvia, Jq order to induce hU 
dftiiKhter to mamr, b« makes love to 
W»it?rll<», A girl of 16.— Mr». CVjwley, A 
B<itd Stroke for a Niuband (1782). 

Cn'sarisni* the jib»ulut« rule of man 
iivei mm. with the reco^jnition of no Uw 
dmveor nwrnffn bryoniA thttt of the rnVr'i 
will. C'it vjf 

M well r^ iM 

Gael, • l!iehlAnd<^r of tlje w«Mtein 
«oatt uf SkotUnd. 'Vhaae CacI hitd 
eoloDiasodt in veiy rentot« iimt^f the 
flortlMFD pariJi of Ireland, a« thr Kk-bolg 
or Betgie of licitain had colon ixed the 
■outhcm paiia. Thci two colonies had 
tnth ft Mt!i»f»t« kin^. Wh<m { *roihar vtna 
kxns ' r ' ' ' ■ ' ^ -■ ' ,f Atlia"), 
he r of tlic 

km ,HCa*r% 

and a ^«.i)«:r»l uur luiaui^^i Utwe«o tho 
two raeci). The C«*lj bein^ redm^ed to th« 

OVt i 

the nu'i ■' in 
iitbiniaKion. h* 
at Ireland, 
quered, ofttn r 
many eft- "- ' 

but tieiTi r 


**an eyri 

«(ft«lert ^v ' 

tent to Trathal (Fingark 
M<r help, and TrulhAl airnt 

^ }\.n yfn* rhtt^fn ** kinj^ of 


••f at tlavn , 

^ Gwent- 
oltic, and mmoM ** a 

Tb« WOT I 

fair open 

Cfiorn^eon or Gierle^onf on the V%k, 
hi Walcst the obii«^ rr»yftl ff«id enre of 





t at 


ur, <j' 
ivcfv ludd at ( iti>,t;<»i. 

IMM nm im b« Uw (^ru i« f*«nl««Ma 

Ovripon (71^ ^at£itf «/), om at tht 
tfvolvn gnat vtctonea of priuc« Atikut 

ov« tlie S"- "- r»,T* bottle waa nol 
fiiuyfht, A^t -jty*, at Caerleon- 

tipon-irak, I Ml iif Walea, bat at 

Caerlevn, tnw chUimI Orlijde. 

Cages for Men. Alexander the 
Great liad the philos'^'^^ " * ..ii;,*ur^,>, 
chained for aeren mon t , 

for refusing to pay binc 

Catherine 11. of Bumu V* (a h< r ^ - 

quier for more than three years ia nu i i: 
cage in her bed-chamber, tu previMiL Isla 
Udlin+r people that ahe wore a wtjj.^Mont. 
de Miwisoo, Mimttinn :iccr*i$ wuria Husjm, 

Edward I. contln,^d the counteM of 
Buchan in an iron cage* for pladog 
the crown of Scotland on t^r hf'\*\ of 
Iiruc«, Thii cagti wa« er« o 

of the towtra of Berwick ^ « 

tlie tountesa waa expoaed to i.,. .„. ,. ut 
the elenienti and the mze of puem-hT* 
One of the aUteia of Bmot waa aimilarly 
dealt wltb« 

Louia Xf. confined cardinal Italut 
((frArjd-nttt\"rt<>r ff Fr3irH<*1 for U-u w-'w* ia 
an it" ■ \ 

in a« ». ... .^»K , ..-.„ « ,.M..iii« 

■how. So cayi i 

a#» Itmi 019 WM n<^ - . mmumM, tM» 

e«titiv9 mUm* ( aMimj «Mki «w WB b M|p juMilaa 
H* UaMiyi In Uili lUa dh^c lUiwa iTnln nw Iw a 


Co^U(m*tro {Comt ^), tlit aaaomed 

name of Jo4«]ih Balaamo (1743-tTV6j. 

Q& ira, one of the moat DopaUr 
n-rotutjonarr Boni^,coinpo««)d fortbi Hi§ 
do In hVilcraiuin, in ITSU. t^* thn luoh cif 

w«* fnf ever »< i ■ r 

hjirpaicboni. " if 

crj' borrowed b\ *r* 

Franklin, who ti (« 

the American I: .l/«; a.i; ^a 

trci/ i^ iro/ (* 1 ! "J, 

Tm «fl th« mm, ... ^.^ .^m m« ai»ai» 

■rmia. £^ /BMi. la ai (iflM^ 

Cain and Abel art r^* h ;-^ «»it 
AVdrt *• Kibil and flibiir a 

ta U^at Cain waa oomnkan^j' rty 

Abel'i ai^u^r, and Abel to nirtrr) rmtri, 
but Cain deniurrod bccauaa bia own MiiMr 
waa the w^rv l-nutiful. nnd i.iv tiu' inattef 
waa rrferr r iwensl 

** No " b\ r'. 

The fkli»iiuHi;iifMi»[jiii a.tMt) mny tJuat CUB 

carrird abuiu with htm tba dead bodY of 

Abri, t]]\ he raw n mvrm ai-^mtch % liow la 
the nU The 

hint , buried 





Cain-oolom^d Beaid, Cam and 
JndM in old UpettriM and pamtinn are 
•hraja repnsentad with ifdtow bearaa. 

■• kMh • tttli «M iMik vUa ft Mli jnAw b«i« t ft 
M«4«r. act L «. 4 (liU). 

Cain's HOL HanndKl tells na that 
*<aome four miles from Damaseos ia a 
to bathe same on which 
AbeL"— 2Vti»rf«, 

hi|di hill, repotted to be 
Cam slew nia brother 


Caina [fa.t'.noAl, the phue to which 
mordeiea are doomed. 

I)W«». MM, V. (UOOI. 

Cairl>ar.son of Borbar-DnthoL **lord 
«f Atha" (Connaiuiit), the most potent 
of tiie race of the Fir-bolf. He rose in 
rebellion against Cormae ^* king of Ire- 
hmd,** murdered him {Temora^ i.), and 
nsarped the throne ; bat Fingal (who was 
distantly related to Cormae) went to Ire- 
land with an arm j^ to restore the ancient 
dynasty. Cairbar mrited Oscar (Fingal's 
gnmdson) to a feast, and Oscar accepted 
the invitation, bat Cairbar having pro- 
yoked a qoarrel with bis goest, the two 
foagfat, and both were slain. 

-IVyWMtbarodL lliy thaatbttaradafkftadbloodjr. 
1bo« art tiM hrathtr of Qubmar . . . bat nur md b not 
Kkt tym. thoa fcablo hftod la Sght Thallctit of mjr 
toMM b iiyaid tgp thj dM*b"-Oiilaa. rMMTV, L 

Cairl>re (3 fv/.), sometimes called 
"Cairnwr,** third king of Ireland, of the 
Caledonian line. (There was also a Cair- 
bar, *' lord of Atha,** a Fir-bolg, quite a 
different person.) 

The Caledonian Ime ran thus: (1) 
Conar, first ** king of IreUnd ;" (2) Cor- 
mae I., his son ; (8) Cairbre, his son ; (4) 
Artho, bis son ; (5) Cormae II., his son ; 
(6) Ferad-Artho, Ms cousin. — Ossian. 

Cai'os (2 <y/.), the assumed name of 
tbe earl of Kent when he attended on 
king Lear, after Goneril and Ke'gan re- 
fnsM to entertain their seed father with 
his suite.— Shakespeare, Kmg Lear (1606). 

Cbi'w (/>r.), a French physician, 
whose servants are Riu^by and Mrs. 
Quickly. — Shakespearvi, Jfsrry IViroes of 

\\\nd»or (1601). 

Th« cBpiNd InslMi of Dr. CUuft^-Mwwdajr. 

Cai'US College ((Cambridge), origin- 
aUy Gonville HaU. In 1567 it was 
erected into a college by Dr. John Key, of 

Norwich, and called after him Chtai cC 

Cakes {Lcmd of). Scotland, famoni 
for its oatmeal cakes. 

Calandri'no. a character in the />s- 
comeron, whose ** misfortunes have made 
all Europe merry for four centuriea.** 
— Boccaccio, Decameron^ viii. 9 (1860). 

Calan'tha, princess of Sparta, loved 
by Ith'oclfis. Ithocl^ induces his sister, 
Penthe'a, to break the matter to the prin- 
cess. This she does ; the princess is won 
to requite his love, and the king consents 
to the union. During a grand court cere- 
monv Oklantha is inrormed of the sudden 
death of her father, another announcea to 
her that Penthea had starved herself to 
death from hatred to Bcss'an^s, and a 
third follows to tell her that Ithocl^ her 
betrothed husband, has been murdered. 
Calantha bates no jot of the ceremony, 
but coDtinnes the dance even to the bitter 
end. The coronation ensues, but scarcely 
is the ceremony over than she can sup- 

Eort the strain no longer, and, broken- 
earted, she falU dead. — John Ford, Th» 
Broken Heart (1683). 

Calan'the (3 syL), the betrothed wife 
of Pyth'ias the Syracusian. — J. Baoimi 
Damon and Pythias (1825). 

Cala'ya, the third paradise of the 

Cal'culator {The), Alfragan the 
Arabian astroDomer was so called (died 
A.D. 820). Jedediah Buxton, of Elmeton, 
in Derbyshire, was also called *'The Cal- 
culator'^ (1705-1775). George Bidder, 
Zerah Colbum, and a girl named Iley- 
wood (whose father was a Mile End 
weaver), all exhibited their calculating 
powers in public. 

Pascal, in 1642, made a calculating 
machine, which was improved by Leibnits. 
C. Babbage also invented a calculating 
machine (1790-1871). 

Calcut'ta is Kali-aUtah (** temple of 
the goddess Kali "). 

Cal'deron {Don Pedro), a Spaniah 
poet bom at Madrid (1600-1681). At 
the age of 52 he became an ecclesiastic, 
and composed religious {)oetry only. Al* 
together he wrote about 1000 dramatk 

H«r oMoiory wu a mln«. Sbo knew bj Iwirt 
AU Okrdflran und gr«it«r pMl of LopA. 

I^rroo. /ton ^imm. L U (IOIIl 

♦*♦ " Lope " that is Lop6 de Vegt, tfaf 

Spanish poet (1562-1685j. 




GSftleb, (lie cnclxAatreu who csnied off 

ai'M, io Dtydca'i taHn at Abmtivm 
mtd AchilofiM^ ii mt*tit far lord iitty of 
Wark« tn NorthunjberlAod^aa udktnxA of 
tbf clukt «f MoQtDotiih. 

JML Uwffvran. to Cfa« hlbc bT dofaMM N) 

«^« " BAlutD ** ii tilt earl of Hiiati&g- 

C^lodU cinnnuuider-in-clLief of fbt 
kmhm in the stu^ of IHunMctiA. lit ii 
^mve, fierce, ura rerengcf^U War w hit 
drli^t. When Pbo'cyaei the Syruoi, 
ii»>t;Tt» VM^wmkim^ Caled Mka hi» U 
foiot <»tit tbe ffovcfuor^v toil: be refuses 7 
tbc-y (l^L udCiUed f«llt,^Johii Hti^be*, 
Siiefft 0/ AimMCM (1720). 

CBlsdo'nia, Scoilcod. AIm <mltod 

MM ■«> tar A 9«rtlB CHOA I 

■b W WmUL 

Wii tiki MiM MitoaaM iki iMMl a«*d 

Caledo'niana, Gftol* fn^n Frmnee 
who colaaued »outh llriUin, wheooe thcj 
jfltmwrywl io Itivemirsii «tid Rum, The 
word im compouadwi " u*^ words, 

libi (*** hill'*), po Tr ,D tQeeiif 

*« Celli of iht highUoiU," 

C 'V ^ — : !•• of M oluiiiiiii«d«iu 
wb rftod lDotli«r« wiff 

to *• — «■ 

d^N Me 

wti' :. ^..,^^.. ^. .-^*t*e- 

•Niloru fen<l i^rri^^ «U it«| Om«IM fk««i llM tmmlt 

prineti^ diitguiafed ft* teiCgifiK <tcrvi«h«3, 

meH «if whf.iti fma lii«i hi# riglit eye. 
Till ui Uiree Ule^ in the 

'i^i-t vj :\( nrti ilaitm-i ' *" iT7^rt» 
Are i^iren. This e»lrDd«r v of 

n kins:,, an.i nrjiticw of ' ^wff. 

Hi ^ii« uncle Li« lAiLcr 

dif uerarped Ihe Utronc:. 

Whv.. .-., K ^ . ,urattl, he w»» ifcUed, 

•ad tbe uinrper pnUmi ont bk ti^bt t^c 


of tli 

Tbe vncle died, end tbe urarptiiic Tutcr 
made biin«elf nuurtar of tbii kingdom ftlaa. 
80 th« bApleee yonogr prinre nvonind 
i^Atb nf » rjUender, wandered to Itotfdi 

Kmi hf> ■-' r...,, ,..♦ i,.t,, tl,^. |]0||»« of "t„ 

t U« in tbebettriQC 

Taie ^ftht Sfoond (hi<ndtr» No tuunts 

S'tta. This enleoder, like the flnt, W«i 
e Bon of A king. On hi* w»y Li> tndtA 
be WM attaiUi^d by rubbers, And tbuuikch 
be eootrived to e*cApe, he lost all hit 
Cff«c1». In hi* flight h« cmtne Lo • iax|:C 
citfi where b< eQc^njntcred m t»Ht*T, 
who i^ve him f(x«d And lodging. hi 
order to eAm a liviuibfT ^^ turned wwidniAn 
fiir the fionr^i And AccidentAUv diicovered 
An ur: jiaUce, in wliich lired A 

bcAui alined there by An evil 

2emu», \y fw & view of libenilijig her, 
be kicked down the tAlkmAn, when the 
genioA A|f|ieAT«d, killed tbe *Ady, Mid 
Uimed the prince into ao Ape^ Ai An Ape he 
WAA tAkcn on Iwnd fthip, And timnsportcd 
to A Uff^e eonimerciAl citr, where biA peo- 
mAOAhip recommended kim U» tbe mltaBy 
mho luAde him biA rixier. The eollsn*! 
dA&gbter undertook to diseiMbAiit bim 
«0d restoie bim to hii prooei totm i bnl 
to AOCompliAh tbit ehe lud to fight wiib 
the mAllLTQAat tc^niui* She tueneded in 
killini; the genius, And rt»U*nti^ the co- 
chAnted prince i, hot recdved iucb vrvere 
inJurieA in the itruf^tf le thnt the died, end 
A ipArk nf fir« vthlcL fiew into the ri^ht 
eye*»! pteriibed it. ThAimltan 

WAA f u«ii At the dantb of his 

fpr»l , tie iadiat^H] rm Xhf nnnoe 

' kingdoin ^^ 

! \h*i gmrb 1 

of "the three ■wi»'- i : ] -; 

beAftng oftbc at'i^ ' M.:ir'.i.-' m., 

— ;nw Ara 

giveo oii p. 

Thin tAlt ii 

t« .'- 

CArr\ ,..w .. - 

M|taeex<d it t» ri' 

bAbe to tbe cat* 

fimin* Ai MnttiiK: ni^i r»> 

own, ibe Adopted it (CAnto 

•,* l'(fton •» 
iȣidcnl hi mca* 
tAnd, and thAl * 1... ^.-^.^ 
*'ion of A bcBf." He 


ri bCAT 




It Jriiw/«*«. act HL H. 1 (UBI). 

Callanax, a hnmorout old lord, 
frtber of AiMtia tke troth-pligfat wife of 
Amintor. ifc ii the deato of Aapatia 
whidi giTCt uune to the drama. — Ikau' 
moot and Fletcher, The Maiit Ihuedy 

CallbaXL a lavage, deformed ilare 
of Proepero (the rightful duke of Milan 
and father of Miranda). CaUban is the 
*' freckled whelp *' of the witch Syc'omx. 
Mrs. Shelley's ** Frankenstein ** is a sort 

of Caliban.— Shakespeare, The Tempest 

. . kaBawth . . . W hM Um 
lias wtthoat NMon « Um moral i 
tlM iBlaBMliMl flMultlw without Um moral 
by Um apfMaiauea «r Tka-Ootaridsik 

Cal'ibum, same as Excalibar^ the 
funona sword of king Arthur. 

Oa CMIIwni'k niiilliia bnmd. 
•ir W. Scott. arMo/ %r Trianmuin (VSO^. 

Ailkar . . . 4nm oM ids CUnmra. and . . . ruihed 
Ibrvafd vlUi s^Mt Airy into Um Uilckort of Um eiMm/a 
naki. . . Dar«UlM8H««yrartlMrur7oflil«aMiilttllI 
be bad. witk bit QUUMra. killod 470 mMi.-<i«oAn. 

BritUk aufnf. taL 4 (iim. 

Calldore (-Sr), the tj-pe of courtesy, 
and the hero of the sixth book of Spenser*s 
f-airy Quern. The model of this character 
was sir I*hilip Sydney. Sir Calidore 
(.> syt.) starts inquest of the Blatant Beast, 
which had escaped from sir Artegal 
(ilk. V. 12). He first compels the Udy 
Itria'na to discontinue her discourteous 
ti*n of *' the locks of ladiee and the beards 
of knights "(canto 1). Sir Calidore falls in 
luve with Pastorella, a shepherdess, dresses 
like a shepherd, and assists his lady-love 
ra keeping sheep. Pastorella being taken 
captive by briganda, sir Calidore rescues 
ber, and leavea her at Belgard Castle to 
be taken care of, while he goes in quest of 
the Blatant iieaat. Ue finda the monster 
after a time, by the havoc it had made 
with religious houses, and after an obsti- 
naie ^ght succeeds in muz2ling it. and 

tek tbt MQIahont were dMoended from 
tlM FUs-Uniilaa, a noble Engliah fkmily. 

Ca'lfl8(2^.)- SogipaiaeaUthem- °^ 

Cftlf«kiXL Foola and jesters used to 
wear a calf-akin eoat buttoned down the 
back, and hence Fanleonbridge sa^s inso- 
lently to the arch-duke of Austna, who 
had acted veiy basely towarda Bichard 

dragging it in duuns after him, but it got 
loose again, as it did before (canto 12).^ 
Spenser, Fairy Queen, vi. (1596). 

I ttM ** Gittdon* of Ika Bond IbUti— 

%* " PastoreUa" is Frances Walsinriuun 
(daughter of sir Francis), whom sir ^lilip 
Sydney married. After the death of sir 
Philip she married the earl of Essex. Tlie 
*• BUtant Beaat ** is what we now call 
"Mrs. Grundy." 

Calig'oraiit, an Egyptian giant and 
cannibal, who uised to entrap travellers 
with an invisible net. It waa the very 
aame net that Vulcan made to catch Mara 
and Venus with. Mercury stole it for 
the purpose of entrapping Chloris, and left 
it in the temple of Anu'bis, whence it was 
stolen by Cali^rant. One day Astolpho, 
by a biaat of ms magic horn, so frightened 
the giant that he got entangled in his own 
net, and being mi^e captive was despoiled 
of it— Ariosto, OHando Fwrioto (1616). 

Cali'no, a famous French ntterer of 

Caliph means " vicar *' or representa- 
tive of Mahomet. Scali^er saA's, ^* Calipha 
est vicarius " {Isagt^j^ 3). The dignitv of 
sultan is superior to that of cahph^ 
although many sultans called themselves 
caliphs. That pasaaire which in our 
version of the New Testament is ren- 
dered *' Archelaus reigned in his stead ** 
( in the place of Herod), ia translated 
in the Syriac version Chealaph JJerodes, 
that is, *' Archelaus was Herud's califih" 
or vicar. Similarly, the pope calls him- 
self "St. Peter's vicar."— Selden, lUieM 
of Honour, v. 68-9 (1672). 

Calip'olis, in The Battle of Alcazar, 
a drama by George Peele (1582). Pistol 
says to Mistress Quickly : 

Umb feed and b« fat. my fair Oa l lpolla — ah i k apaa w w 
S U*nrg /K. act IL ac 4 (1W6). 

Cal'is {The princess), sister of Ai*- 
torax king of Paphos, in love with Poly- 
dore, brother of general Memnon, but 
loved greatly bv Siphax. — Beaumont and 
Fletcher, The Jfad Lover (1617). 

CaUs'ta. the fierce and haughty 
daughter of Sciol'to (3 syl.), a proud 
Genoese nobleman. She yielded to the 
seduction of Lotha'rio, but engaged to 
marry Al'tamont, a young lord who loved 
her dearly. On the wedding day a lettei 
was picked up which proved her guilt, 
and she was subsequently seen by Alta- 
mont conversing with Lothario. A duel 
ensued, in which Lothario fell ; in a street 




Be .ed hii deaib^woaod, 

i C«' ^ hf nrclf . The chanc- 

•*<_4li^i« ^' ^A liie |Art« of 

li. nOil ^ Hnintoo* 

n,' ;,, _ :/ (1703), 

, i.iiyr4*k xii^rolMit, L Ml 

tar $<«»Tto'i dmih. Sin. n^Tr irMMttaa 

iS«^ «1lk ft ilMM««n«. awl Mit««C NmI ilv ilw 
t*^«M»<»riM*«l) tw< %mm «M«tMl, AMI •» Wd 

Calisto, no 


■ IT.- 


CaliB'to &nd Ar'coa. 

Arohdiaa aytn[»h, waiich.s - - 

beftr. Uer son ArtJie^ f:: 

tobCAnordinnrv tHTA't, >^ ^ti««il 

when Ju(.i ^^ph'^cii kim into 

le-be&r. 1 '. en t*T bcAven by 

ipit^T, an^ ie convtclktaom 

Una Hifh/r fcfiU 6V ^'J Major, 

Witti Ir^ 

fact u 1, 

in tiie PruMiui 
,\ota tnakea one 
Ti in a f ie+^e, hut 
^ Quree, Man hi* 
I .irirf hii pUv- 

-C. Mack- 

ta Irtik fharwKn r "itr LiKtat OMt' 

Twlt* (Ik* IrM 


ICnUim'iiehaa {nftuUwm), FiUppo 

iOQ (4 fy/.>, tU Ittdj-loT* of 
• GfM rvnuuiec entidcd 

f Um» <f CKorvu and VoU^koi, bf 


who nci^rimpnnin! A^^^xsn^ifT tneisnsOB 

LL* ' r f UMd t9 

:-, ^uJ bcill^ 
BiHtiidU^, «M«<j ciuuuwi m • ca^ Cor 
seven iiii>uthii like a n-ijtj lieast. Ly«i» 
^'^^ put aa end Ui Uii tortimi* by 

(»lA«rtn»tilHL ,, 

Of, Uk* CWjHilnwM, l« a^M t r %1tm, 

tr, Lm^ 4I1111M ill' <»■ l^rttc*. N I tl 

Cal'mar. into of Mathn 
{\n i^jnnaii^hlj. He b r 

prfii.iiii|'hii-ii-, -rn^li. ami '.-• 




del' . 

hia diotr*' *«?, — • ' f. L 

uir. Tbe twc 
;iili«i and Ab'jki 

ptlUn of Hannij 

Cal'thon, brt^ther of O.rmaf^ 90aa ot. 

RAtiifo.-r- !iii-r ..f niitfi'i '"^'i, '.Mv^-L The 

f*: ' " ' Van- 





tlni\'iM-:il iv." a y<'iinLr v» :i 
Olthttti, ami flctl with br 
CTav« aiil in t.i L.'ilf -' ^ ' 
mar. .\ 
OMian V 





r to 


&f Truilta.^)a8iaii« Odthtm^ ttmi CtJr^f, 

. i of 


WV il U^ Aulji--4:1, Um: »U^U |rip« «a4 




■n lb ttnttmeaa m* deep led^—Major 
li»§m»t Aecmmi of Niorth Jimcrk:^!, {r>^ 
Bm» Pipe.) 

A-cahomim^j iHSoiwtliig- In th« d*ir- 
time ftoj ftet of g^Uuili? would be 
d«eai«d isdecoTtfoA by tbe Ameiicui 
Imluiu; but mfter vDnaet, fbe young 
lover gm &^c3iJumetinf. He, ia fnct, 
Uj^bM hi» pipe, &nd enteriD^ the cabto of 
hit weU-t^loved^ prc^enU it Ui her. If 
th* bd/ e^ti^slies it, »hc accepts liii 
widrfti«e9; but if the suffers tt Iq bum oQi 
she rejects theui^ aud the geutlemvi 
w-tire*, — Ajhe, T™af#* 

Cid^jdan (Pnmx q/) I Mel«a'gvr. famed 
if>r kilBiiigtheCyydociiaii boftr^^Jpi/ui 
i S* (3«e USI.KAOKIU) 

Aidl Itebfiil teMid 4IjAm lMra% 

€atifd:mj a toim of ^toHia, foonded 
by CalJdoB, to ArthunM) lomwaee 
CkijdoQ is a f<^ttftt ID the north of our 
itlabii* Frobablj it ii irhst Richurd of 
GfCO^^ter calki tlie '^' Caledonian Woodj" 
w«d:w»rd of the Varar or Matt&y f*rith, 

Calydo'iUaii Hunt Artemia, to 
paaitth <£oeus [ F, rt««r] king of CAl'ydo^ 
in Mto'^Mf for neglecl^ sent a nioOBter 
bnar to ravage bJj TmeTards. His son 
. Mele«''geT collected toother a large 
cotn|«Dy to hunt it. The boar being 
killed} m dii^pute arose resnectiivg &e 
head^ and this ted to a war between the 
Cur«!t«s and Calydt/niana. 

A ftrmiUrtaJe \m told of Theseus (2 jjy/.J, 
who vsncjuished and tilled tbe f^tgantic 
sow which ravaged the t^rntrvr]!" of 
Krommyon, near Corinth, (See KufiH- 
MTOMiA^r Sow,) 

CalTp'wi, in T^^jnaqmf, « pitwe-epic 
by F^^aelan, is me»nt for Mdc de Mon* 
te^iT*^' ^" mjthftlogy she was queen of 
tbe Mbnd Ogyg'i&, on which Llly»»€s 
was wrecked,* and where he was detained 
for se^'eo reiFs. 

C^'fpafg fsk^ OgTgiAt a mythicsLl 
isL&ad ** in tbe oaret o? the sea." Some 
C(»QS]de]r it to be Goxo^ near Malta, 
C)|E7fn> (»f ^ idand^ m B^o'tisi, in 

Cama^ohOf ** tidi^l of raeti^" makes 
pamd preparvtions for his wedding with 
iiuite''riaT " faJreat of women/' butaii the 
briflal party are on their way, biL«]l'iu» 
cheat?! hi™ of bii bri/kt by 'pT^f ending 
to kill biins«lf. As It is suppois^d that 
Builitis la dyinir, Quiteria is marHed to 
kirn aj a mere matter of form, to soothe 

his bi9t momenta; but wheu the acnrioe la 
ovur, upjumm Basil I uh, and abowi ^ttl 
hli ** mortal wounds'* aie a inert 
pieteaee. — Gemantes, an episode in Dgm 
Qwki^, I I.ii. 4(1615). 

Camalodu'niim. Cokbestor. 

Oaman'ohea (B n^L) or Coxan^- 
CHi^.^ an Indian tribe of the Texaa 
(United States). 

tl h tt amrii], whttCnliv th> d«rat wbe» dvtf lis 

Cajnaral'zamaiU prince of **tht 
Island of the Childrea of Ehal'edau. 
titoAte in tbe open »eiL, some twenty days 
»aU from the cojm% of P^r^ia," He was 
the only child of ScbJih'zanian and 
Fatiraa, king and queen of the island. 
He wa* ve?y"*vcrw to moma^ ; but o^u 
ui^ht, by fiury influence^ being ahow^ 
lladnu'ns only child of the kiog nf 
Chin4| he fell in love with her and 
exchanged rings. Next day both in- 

auired what hatd Ix^come of the other^ and 
he question wjw deemed ao ridicnbu>^ 
that earb was thought to be mikd. At 
length MArzarnn (foster-brother of the 
princess) solved tbe mystery* H* 
mdiieed the prince Camaralionmn to go 
to ("hlniL, where he was recoj^iiiced by lie 
princepfl and marrieil her. fThe name 
means " th e moon of tht period. ') - Areih^ 
A'ighU (*' CamjinibamAa and Badoum ")> 

CamT>allo, the second son of Cani- 
busenu' king of Tartary* brother nf 
Al'gnmfe {'dvwl.} and C4m'a<^ (3 syL), 
lie fought wiui two knights who anked 
the lady Canned to wife, the term* tjeiu^ 
that none should have her till he had 
sutceeJed in wor»Ling C^m hallo ia 
otunliat, Chnacer does not give as the 
sequel of this inh^ but Bproser says that 
tbra* broth era* named Priam oijd, Dia- 
mond, and Triamond were suitorSt and 
that Triamond won her. The mother of 
thi-se thrt-i* (aU bom at one birth) was 
«\g'ape, who dwelt in Fadry-lond (bk. 
iv. 2). 

Bjienfler makes Cambi't^A (daughter nf 
Agajjo) the laiiy-love of CmnWllo. 
Ciiniballf) is also called Cambalius ^tud 

€aintxjlk/a ^in^t giren him by nU 
Btster CttnactS '* ^ad pawii to attach all 
wouofja that moftiiJly did blec^j." 

Wpll m^|« it, ■andcT ^w th«t nv^ti* knlgjil; 
CoiiU Ha^d uD tottl aisw to rubiew Itie fight < . , 




Jl: «u ttuvf Ttrtw o^ tJw tint tm Vfjir* ; 

flM atikh not ot^fy 416 not fmnt hlo* t^*! 
Qm imr of l^tttWl to fktl, bat dill T»h»« 

■k i>Mtim<1 pvwvn. aiul hb <luJiwl «i<Mu vIim. 
Mtmnmr, AMry <<«»-«, k, 3 ntmi 

Cam'balu, the royal resid«Dc« cif tb« 
eluiin of Cifcthay (a province of Tftrt«r>')« 
llitttin 8pei0(« of ^^CadqIaIu^ KAt of 
CktbavoD Otn." — ParadUe Lost^ xi* USS 

Cam'b&luo, spoken of bfllMtca Polo, 
•• Fttkin. 

Cambel, called bv Ch»MC€r Cam*- 
bttllA, bn.the? "f Tmo'iu^^ {» xyt,). He 
cbAlUmi^ed r — r t^ hia Bist^T'e 

(iJintl, nnd leni all cx *-**}. t 

Tri'aui. fuL ' rfwr-fn f 'umbel 

lanA Tr loed, 

thut h< I not 

CAmbi'ii., • .;..-^., ^.:.... .. .+ft,)— 

Spcn«r, ffurf/ ijftefn^ iv, a (i^noj, 

C&mbi'n<ft» dAnjtrht«r of tb« fniry 
A^Aftt' (3 «y/«). She hail Vml'^q tminotl 
ii> nmifi*' by fi#»r moth**T, nmi wb**n 

n. ■' "' " * ■■ ■■ -.._■■ 

bt:T ch4ric>t tJniwn by two |ic»tti, iind 
V nf omiv^rtTrif; linUi 

I,.. .. 

tlitni ihv r I lit' I r 

Aiiinioiiitv, and 

f " ' -' - '■ riul wan 

t 1 hb wifi% 

/Vi# ry iJ\u:'H^ iv 


end, it in > ' : " , ■ 

lini»<^, 1 

rmlli^d Un'irriit ( /:« //*tiu/) ; <.jtmli«r tbe 
Mri^t M' ' '^* ' *^^noii4?t the north, 

Cailin>nai], WeUh, jMfrtalaifl^ to 
Cuff) brill or Wakt. 

Cumbrldf^e Univeraity. wiid to 
mintt founder of 

Wlwli>'-- ^. "^ •>^.^. ■^..<^,,.*ihttm% 


Cambridge Boat Crew, «M 

blue, tbe n^ ' fltirl tdm 

CifrJJi. ti^hC bi 1 ; Cathi^im^t, 

bluo And whjN '"^1.^00 bloc; 

CVtirr, bliurk nn G^wyiw, 

Cb«rri Rnd whii j>tt»; A.W 

wt./ rtd 

A\.^ 'Vt^n- 

d< r a grey ; 

^rcvi, „„.j .w.i.v , .■..,■■-'■'■ .7. '"^ F*"*! Wue^ 
i>'m*^r/, ii&fk blue ; Irmity Jiall^ bl*ck 
(tnd wkite. 

Cambridge on the Cliarldfl^ 

conL-viti* ITnr'h.ifi! f " n 5 v i- rsity, ftmuclcd 
H f nvtr CbsHf* 

(M .'wcd in 16W 

Jl th#iildciMt (rim til* abiial 
Of QwBbrul^* ,m ttw Clfetf la, wma Itm^ 
«. r4# HdfiiU* J 

Cambusc&n', king of Bvm, in IIm 

|jin<l itf r^irljkrv : t}if mr>rti'l i>f m11 rny«| 


i] > ' nnucrr Roccnti 

Ui» >o «rttiQcoaslf 

thr »iac£if« tylUUt^ 

Aitd ID btf nU iltM •»*« iili fli^twiBi' . , • 
And fl^atn ; 

But Milton^ in II Penaeromk i 

Th« accent mighl b« pltitivai by • 

ilighl cbanjfc, tbi« : 

Hlin wtH lirn of aU 

Cambupcoo bad tV 
by tb«* kin^ of A 

a ft-^ ^- '•^' ' "- — 





eonfidod^ M 

dauj^rhtrr t'nv 




cmiift'n»c wiiij 
2Uk* V^Vbtr 

' htn 

n a 





Hhub Mutt id rvvt*al 

.0 wrrp faithful and 

" '^:^ mittht l»t 

• ibuiir«n> 

'<*" ini^ht 

' by 




nathig cfaa n icte r in Pititoii*! tnwedy of 

iBIIllmillMIIHlllll,— JIirtBdBhlafcli^QMi. 
Ipi^whi. ■iili<wiiiiafy/r.actlLw.4iMW). 

Cmmby'ses and Smerdis. Cam- 
bjrifit klitf of PttnA killed hif brother 
SoMrdis nom the wild mspidon of a 
Bad nan, and it ia only eliari^ to think 
that he waa really mm oompot meniii. 


Camdeo» the god of love in Hindft 

Carnal. The paUcan it called the 
**riTer camel,** In French cAommu cTmk, 
and in Arabic Jmmiim/ el bahar, 

•d ITmH BMT MMi^ fpr M to I 

Cameliard (8 «y/.), the realm of 
Leod'ogran or Leod'ognwce, father of 
Gaio'erere (8 syl.) wife of king Arthur. 


TMnjnMMi. C um t mf 9f Artkmr. 

Cam'elot (8 J^^O* There are two 
^aces 80 called. The place referred to in 
AiMfj Ijear is in Corawallf but that of 
Arthurian l enow u was in Winchester. In 
renrd to the first Kent says to Cornwall, 
**uooM, if I had yon apon damm Plain 
I'd drive ye cackling home to Camelot,** 
Le. to Tintag'il or Camelford, the *'home ** 
of the duke of Cornwall. But the Came- 
lot of Arthur waa in Winchestitr, where 
risitors are still shown certain large en- 
trenchments once pertaining to " king 
Arthur's palace.** 

Sh- Bdbi*a •woH VM pirt kito BMrM* ■toiM. MMidliw H 
■pclght ■• a gnat mOlitOfM. awi it nnuii down Um tUMn 
to the do aTOuMtoC ttet to. ia Ea«ltot». Wlnchertw.— 
ar T. M^Ofy. Mmmy ^ ^rimet Arthur, L4i (1 470). 

*«* In some places, eren in Arthurian 
romance, Camelot seems the city on the 
Camel, in Cornwall. Thus, when sir 
Tristram left Tintagil to go to Ireland, a 
tempest "droTe him back to Camelot** 
(pt u. 19). 

Camilla, the virgin queen of the 
Volscians, famous for her fleetness of 
foot. She aided Tumus against i£neas. 
a«l » «lMa ivm Ckmllto noon the iiUlii. 
ilM •'W Ik* nbandlas com, or ikta»aloat tlM loAlB. 


OamHia, wife of Anselmo of Florence. 
Afloelmo, in order to rejoice in her incor- 
nfObU fidalil7, induced his friend Lo- 

thario to try to corrupt her. Thishadidi 
and Camilla was not trial-proof, bat fall. 
Anselmo for a time was kept in the dark^ 
but at the end Camilla eloped with Lo* 
thario. Anselmo died of grief, Lothario 
waa sUdn in batile, and Camilla died in • 
conTent--Cervantes, Don Quixote, I. ir. 
6, 6 ("Fatal Cariosity," 1606). 

Camille' (8 eyL), in Comeillc*s tragedy 
of Les Horaces (1689). When her brother 
meets her and bids her congratulate him 
for his victory over the three curiatii, she 

E' ves utterance to her grief for the death of 
T lover. Horace sajs, " What ! can you 
prefer a man to the interests of Rome ? ** 
Whereupon Camille denounces Romai and 
concludes with these words: "Oh that 
it were my lot ! '* When Mdlle. Rachel 
first appeared in the character of "Ca- 
mille,*^ she took Paris by storm (1888). 

Voir to dvntor Bomaln 4 ton damtor aoaplr, 
Moi Httto an Mra eauae. at mourir da friablr. 

*«* Whitehead has dramatized the suo> 
ject and called it The Roman Father 

Camillo, a lord in the Sicilian court 
and a very good man. Being commandea 
by king Leont^ to poison PolixenSfl, 
instead of doin^ so he gave him warning, 
and fled with him to Bohemia. When 
Prlixen^ ordered his son Florlzel to 
abandon Perdfta, Camillo persuaded tha 
youn^ lovers to seek refu^ in Sicily, 
and induced Leontes, the aiuff thereof, 
to protect them. As soon as Polixen^ 
discovered that Perdita was Leont^ 
daughter, he readily consented to the union 
which before he had forbidden. — Shake- 
s{>eare, The Winter's Tale (1604). 

Cami'ola, "the maid of honour,** a 
lady of great wealth, noble spirit, and 
great beauty. She loved Bertoldo 
(brother of Roberto king ol the two Sici- 
lies), and when Bertoldo was taken 
prisoner at Sienna, paid his ransom. 
Bertoldo before his release was taken 
before Aurelia, the duchess of Sienna. 
Aurclia fell in love with him, and pro- 
posed marriage, an offer which Bertoldo 
accepted. The betrothed then went to 
Palermo to be introduced to the king, 
when CaroiOla ex(>otied the conduct of the 
base voung prince. Roberto was dis- 
gusted at nis brother, Aurelia rejected 
him with scorn, and Camiola retired tc 
a nunner}'.— Massinger, The Maid oj 
Honour (1637). 

Camlan (in Cornwall), now the rivei 
Alan or Camel, a contraction of Cam-alar 




(**tht: erooke) ri%*<!r"), si* called from its 
coDttnuous windingB. Here Arthur re- 
ceived luA dcjith-wound from the band of 
bifl aephfiw Mordced or Modred, a.d. 542, 

Cbflul. . , 

rtWftUe ««<v 4m9 bfT Brltldi ArlkiH^t M«Mt, 

Ibr MordrMV wmthttnu Itkod, »«■ iwiagM vlth tkar 

for w ih*l ri*«r b«| n^ftt boMt th*( conqoMw't ImmXA 

ia m417 iIm twrnrMHii his too untJnwJ^ d««tl)> 

Camlotte (2 tv^^)» shtHldy, fimtijia, 
rubbij»h, at Ce^i <iW /a <xifn/ol^'o9 ^' ttouf 

Cam^omile (3 nji.), sh^yb F&lAUiTf 

** the more it is irmldcn on the fnater it 
gTo%r»."— Sh*ke»i>eJW!,l Mtnri/ IV. iictii. 

Campa.'ma, the pluin ct*untry nljout 
Cup'aJl, tliC (#nna di Latn/ru of Italy, 

Campni! ' M«x- 

ftDdcr. Ue , who 

I hw' f'^ii'-' ^n ,..,. , ., . ...... ^..iinting 

\h^ -Flitiy, HiMl, XXXV. 10. 

> prrH^Qced, in 158^1 • dri^m« 

♦ntnir 1 rnp^urnd Cnmpttspe^ in which it 

the wcU-knoiTD lyrie : 

Cbpld Mad mr Dimiiwpl JpkifMt 
At (ttrdi for kboH ; CupU vild. 

CampbeH (r,ij^tn-n\, railed ''Gifsen 
< line (a#y.), 

GunpMt {Oenerat), called **BUck 

riiiin rn..ii,ii,.n " It, thif> king's scn'icc* 
J conflpimion i*> 

'! • \V. bcott, ked-^ 

i\imfjUit (Sir Dunrun)^ kividitt of At- 
cJ«invohr, in tbe mjirqui* of Argyll*^ 
•mix. He w«« teat m JimbaAMdor U> 
the <Arl of Mootrocc, 

Z'Wj^ Jfar^ Carnpbfilt air Dunam^i 

Stf i*uncan Qimpbeit of Atu^henhr«<JL 

, oflIe«r \h iht Jifuiy at tha marquia of 


W. »coM, 

* turned hy 
uiied M « 

i,^4fii^ Of MmU%m (time, 

CamMLl {The ixviji Marg]^ dangbter «f 
the duke of Arj^ll. 

The lady Cnrotme CampMl^ «■!«' ui 
l»dy Mar?.— Sir W. Scott, Htfori o/ Mii^ 
toihian (Ume, George Xh). 

Camp-'-^^T' ■ ' • ' ' -*-' -»-riti^ 

who w. iur 

(*'iny I. 14 a 

coiTUpti lord j. 

Canir ' i^ i^ - ^TV cf*Hni «/), oa 
on ' ]v'b antiy, 

iii m two 

Edwftrd IV. 

Can'a, a kind of m«« plenkfol In tbt 

beathy inoriw»c« of the Qorth. 

Oan'aoe (3 *f/L), dau^bt^r of (^aut- 
busCAo't and the |Ar«g<»i uf «>oBi«n. 
Chaucer left the Ul« luUf-tnld, but 
Sf«in»er make* a crt>wd of ftiiitom woo 
her. Her brother t'amljel or Cam'ballo 

rtrmtlvi-.] I}i:i1 rukDf Mllii.,iiiii win hi.i 'inl^f 

if < , . 

i;ai*e Uit! wounded • 

WhM->. k...i ,K...,. ...... , 




a tci 

Chaucer, ^fuirc'i Tah ; Sipenaer, /bnry 

^'^rrar^ « niintir wbieh told 
tfi if the }j<<n»ofi« on whoin 

tlitrt sit ibii m d^tfectioiii would prove true 
or falve, 

<U»rW< Pinn. TTic kirijof Araby and 
lo- <i*aii4bu»- 

cft I, a rinpf 

wli.. .. :n.,.i the 

lau^au^ of binJM, anti the 

uii'dical virtues of all \u */. 

Cttntt^rbury TateM {'*The ^fjuire* i aie, 

Candaulcs "* "■' "■ ^— -' ^ ^ rira, 
wb« f.%|Mui^U to 

thai »br 
who l.f, , , ^ 




bctVMB the gmt Timpoba'na and the 
Soatk S«B, A couple of kMiies beyond 
cape Corn'oiin. — OBrvantes, Don QuixoUf 
lLuL4 (1«16). 

C^flmii*^ Friend. 'Save me, oh, 
■are me, from a candid friend ! ** (See 

BiB I «■ MMt. p«lMm ai^r inW Mow ; 
But ar aB MMidi thiUHMfMi iB wrath CM Mad. 

Candide' (S sW.)> the hero of Vol- 
iaare*t noTel of the fame name. All 
eoDoeivahle miafortimes are piled on hia 
head, bat he bean them with cyniod 

%rQa. Dm /«M«, V. a CUMW 

Candour (Mr$.). tiie bean-ideal of 
female backbiters.--Sheridan, The School 
for Socmdai (1777). 


tkPd r— oalng.-~T. Moovt. 
em «r Mtai rop*. it nu^r tw qiMMloa*! 
riL OuMloar ** luu ever r 


wpwiMtirlf than Mra. mtUa^—Dramatie Mwmobrt. 

Can'idia, a NeaDolitan, beloved by 
the poet Horace. When she deserted 
him, he held her ap to contempt as an old 
•orcerees who could by a rhomb unsphere 
the moon. — Horace, Epodes t. and xrii. 

Sneh » ohwm «■« right 

MriL brovnlag. Btetm- to tka O^rdtn. It. 

Canker of the Brain, mental de- 
hision. We often say ** a person is full of 
maggots,** meaning whims and fancies. 
'See Maooots.) 

If M7 TUon ■haold f«T«d 

fhj UkMMH, 1 mli{ht ooont U vain, 

Aa bat th* cMilMr of th« brain. 

TtnajwD, in Mmmmrimm, idL 

CanmoreorGRBAT-HsAD. Malcolm 
Hi. of Scotland (♦, 1057-1093).— Sir W. 
Scott, Tale* of a Grandfather, i. 4. 

Canning {George), statesman (1770- 
1827). Charles Lamb calls him : 

at. Btaphn'i fool. Um aui7 of d«bat«L 

AMiMt i»"Thm Champion.'' 

Cano'poB, MeneUos's pilot, killed 
in the return Toyage from Troy by the 
bite of a serpenL The town CanC{>os 
(Latin, Can^tffus) was built on the site 
where the pilot was buried. 

Can'tab, a member of the Unirersity 
ef Cambridge. The word is a contraction 
if the LaUB Can abru/ia. 

Cantal>rian Surge (The), Bay oi 


Tb Chips (O iftratt O-]. . . or tha rosea 

AkaMidik ITym (• (»• JffltfMh. 

Cantab'ric Goean, the sea which 
washes the south of Ireland. — Richard of 
Cirencester, Ancient State of Britain, i. 8. 

Can'tacusene' (4 »yl,), a noblt 
Gieek family, which nas furnished twir 
emperors of Constantinople, and several 
princes of Moldavia and Wallachia. The 
lamily still survives. 

W« maan to ihow that the Chntaniaanla ara not th« 
onljrpriiioriyfkmUytBthawurld.— DImmU. Uthatrm. 
Than an otter oMmbwi of tha i 

Ctin'tacu9ene' (Michael), the grand 
sewer of AleiAus Comne'nus, emperor st 
Greeoe.--Sir W. Scott, Count Eobert of 
Parit (time, Rufus). 

Canterbury, accordinf^ to mythioal 
story, was built by Rudhudibras. 

Br Budhudltaraa Kent's bunum town . . . arve. 
DiVtoo. Polpolbton, vUt USUL) 

Canterbury Tales. Ei^jhteen tales 
told by a company of pil|n^nis going to 
visit the shrine of *' St. Thomas h Beckct** 
at Canterbury. The party tir8tai«cml.!ed 
at the Tabard, an inn in Southward , and 
there agreed to tell one tale each both 
going and returning, and the person who 
told the best tale was to be treated by the 
rest to a supper at the Tabard on the 
homeward journey. Tho party consisted 
of twenty -nine pilgrims, so that the 
whole budget of tales should have been 
fifty-eight, but only eighteen of the 
number were told, not one being on the 
homeward route. The chief of these tales 
are : * ' llie Knight's Ta le " ( PcU'aimm ard 
Ar'cite, 2 syi.) ; ♦♦ The Man of Uw's 
Tale" {Ciistance, 2 syt.) ; *'The Wife of 
Bath's Tale" (Mi'daa) ; *' The Clerk's Tale'* 
(GrisikUs); "The Squire's Tale" {Cain- 
OHscan'y incomplete) ; " The Franklin*s 
Tale" {Dor'ifen and Arvir'wjus) ; "The 
Prioress's Tale " (//u./A of Lincoln) ; " The 
Priest's Tale " {Chanticleer and Partclite) ; 
"The Second Nun's Tale" (St. Cecil'ia) ; 
"The Doctor's Tale " {^Viryinia) ; "The 
Miller's Tale" {John the Carj^enter and 
Aiistm); and "The Merchant's Tale'* 
{January and May)^ (13^8). 

Canton, the Swiss valet of lord 
Ogleby. He has to skim the morning 
papers and ser\'e out the cream of them 
to bis lordship at breakfast, "with good 
emphasis and good discretion.'* He 
laughs at all his master's jokes, flatten 







Uu to tlie top of his bunl, ^nd tpe«ks 
of him fta • mrre chicken comi>*r«l to 
himvelj; iLoitgh hii lordship is 70 «id 
CAOton nboiit fiO» Loffi Ogleby c»n» 
bitn his *^ce|)h&lic fnufl", uid no b*d 
mcdieir^ im*iii»t meRritns, veitigiHra, wid 
profound Ui inking*. '— *Coliiiiui snd G*r- 
lick. Tht Clandeatme Marriaye {IIU). 

ol rt, the *roiii ■»* 

Mjfjs, l*er dhM. - W, 

t<^cou» I^AiljauntlH (tim«, Irc-fKL- HI, J, 

•* Cant'well (/)»•,), tlie bvpocrite, the 
t^ti -enUtivc of Moiii^re'i "Tur- 

in ruakci rclipuuK c*nt the 

in- t t^fcin, luxurious liHnf?, Jind 

•en»uul ifulkil^enc*?. llii» overreaching 
and dinbonitiinible conduct townrdit \ndy 
Lanibert And ber daughter ^tst^joi^ugbJy 
extm^i'df and at Imt be itt arrcnted aa a 
twindier.— 1. Bickerataflf, T/iC H^pt)criie 

L. 11 ant 

Canute* or Cnut a«d Edmund 
Ironuide. Wilham of Malmeubarj^ 
»*y<: \Vb*!A Cniit am! Edorood were 
rcAdy fnr timr liKili battle tn Gloucestcr- 
ahirv, it waa arranged iMitween tbvni to 
d<xrid« their P^ii«*eiJvo cUiti:* by iingle 
cuttibat. Oiiit W)wt a BmaU man, and 
Kdinund both Ull ami *lrung ; w» Cnut 
toid to bii adveriwn*, '*We IwitU lay 
claim to the kingdom in right of iiiir 
fatbem ; Iftt u«. therff ore^ di%'ide it «od 
make peace ; " and Uiey did co, 

iit Hi* 1*17 (Kat liirflMsl «44 ftnm luitv . . . 
SmUII* B«iniiM<l, h*M % Ut lu Ilia knd ^fM*.'' 

OmfUf^n Bird^ the knot, a comiption of 
•♦ Knut,*' the C^m-tw V/^ittf, of which king 

CM iMt <»Mi kiBf «r n*>— 

i uklhcr 

».ifi*-r aji a 
f; iifvckting 

tj inrj much 

t liii wi«*t in fact, a 

^: rihiieejy h«i»pirAtity, livings 

m ihr new ilouiie, *Th« prie»t Itowley 
wm» hii •» IJ*>rM3«.'*-4:iuilKtfton (1764- 

Ca*orA. tflbibited br nam "whoae 
bokdi d" 1,'ri w Wneath tocir tliouMera." 
(iSm tliJUiMrici.} 

Oh Uh^ bniMti 9<hWli n t*IMl OiMv tr* f^**^ t « «wiiw>i 
#|Mplfe «taa Maiut Mpmn tn* «Urt« U 

Th^ V rtf^irtwl *» hw» n»»f «• to i 

(Raleigh, in hi4 Dftcr^im of 
(1590), al«o ^%'ea aa aooouni of B«a 
who»e "beacu do grow ben«ttb theit 

Capability Brown, Lwwwk* 
Brovrn, the En^Liah laodacapt gm^aDar 


Cap'aneuB (d •^'•)t * vti^n nf foi^Antio 
•tattire, enormoos «frr n " ' ' ^' '^< 
%'«lnur. He wiM im] i <it 

faithful to hii fricnu ^ «*! 

one of the »cvcn henx^ whu« tiuirched 
against Tbebc# (I tijL), ami waa •tnii:k 
dead by a thunderbolt for decUrinif thai 
nal Jupiter himself ahoidd pTrreni hi* 
scaling Out citv walia. 

•,»lli« "Mcientiaa" of 
** Argante " of Taaaoarealnulari 

but the Greek GapftneuA cTiceoda 

titiM in pbyaical danfsg aod Af)(anli fi I 

Cape ' " '1*4 tli« 

Cape of I) > KdoHipw 

Diaswhu .. . (HW;, 

and king Joan IL whv o^i^ged tlM 

boastful, twaggvrw 
Frttneh farcae CM 

Canitan, a 
coward, in *eTenU 
coaiedics prif^r to the tirae of MoUtoa* 

CaponatLc'chi (Owmfpfte)^ tlit young 

pricHt under wV 
lied fmni her 


" Pomiuita 

e. Tba 

huj^lmni! nrsri 'i 

.»' elope- 




ueil that 


■ fi-irt of 

a tbivttiriiua p^olccUir *. 



who wad mnrru'd at 15. 


a brutal htmlmnd 



rii.„ u»l. 

IL UtvWDing, 7htf Htn^j aiui the Uuuk, 

Capetem tCuptain), captain of tm 
Rant Inriiaman, al Matlnui.— Sir W. 
Scutt, The iMr,/i:itH'i {Jm^jhtar (timai 

ticKfgl' IL). 

Captain, Maauel Camoi^sai ^ 

So Jack C^d« caltai 


/ f/M^mo), 

; .. , ,- :, -, - - - , - vjoik* «Aa 

l'ofj>4<:^^ tiuueppr ttnniwidi <lKU7- )« 

fli^^ftifii (^ C'f'pprr), a ^cior caplalfl, 
wboie »wan« are all gre»e, ni* jewellary 
(Aair, bii gukmaa Counter*, hti aehlave* 






Bdti tongqe-doiigliliiietl, »ed hli wliol« 

(il ied)^ & ])4>ar ob«qmoiu 
, who 11 ted about ai a cacalier 
vrENtnXf b^r tboae wJio find Mm liaspitiility 
u4 ymy nunky for blm. Bp id not the 
t^dcT of others, m a cafitAm ought to tie, 
b«i ii Vj otheis l«d. 

1 with Uw Ibodjr «« BhAtMi. |w M^ 

rr IB te M npoa Kraps by » poor 

t, ThtMHrma, t.S<1781K 

Oofdaim (T%8 Black), lieatenant-coloQel 
Dcnoia D«Tidoff, of the Riusum army. 
la the French inTanon he wag called by 
the Ficndi Le Oapitame Noir. 

Captain Iioys [Xo.m]. Louise Lab^ 
waa M called, because ia early life she 
embraced the profession of arms, and 
nre repeated proofs of jpeat valour. 
She was also odled La Beile Cordiere, 
Louise Lab^ was a poetess, and has left 
sereral sonnets full of passion, and 
some good elegies (1526-1666). 

Captain Bi^ht, * fictitious com- 
mander, the ideal of the rights due to 
Ireland. In the last century Uie peasants 
of Ireland were sworn to captain Ki^bt, 
as chartists were sworn to their articles 
of demand called their charter. Shake- 
speare would hare furnished tliem with 
a good motto, " Use every man after his 
desert, and who shall 'scape whipping? *' 
{Hmdety act u. sc. 2). 

Captain Bock, a fictitious name 
asramed by the leader of certain Irish 
insurgents in 1822, etc. All notices, 
summonses, and so on, were signed by 

Captain ia a Bold Man {The), a 
popular phrase at one time. I'eachum 
applies the expression to captain Mac- 
heath.-'Gay, The Beggar's Opera (1727). 

Capu'cinade (4 tyl.). "A capu- 
einade" is twaddling composition, or 
wishy-washy literature. Tnc term is 
derived from the sermons of the Opu- 
"hins, which were notoriously incorrect 
in doeaine and debased in style. 

n «M a fa«w dhumi M, tiM rbotork of an old utth 
kMT. % wmn capod^Mda.— LiacB. OU Btma, vu. 4 

Cap'ulet, head of a noble house of 
Yenma, in feudal enmitv with the honae 
of Mon'tague (3 ryL). *IiOrd Clapulet ia 
a jovial, testy old man, self-willed, pr»- 
ludiced, and tyrannical. 

Lady Capulet, wife of lord Capnlel 
and mother of Juliet — Shakespeare^ 
Romeo and Juliet (1598). 

IVi«n ladr Chpolat eomM iwaapiBS bf wMi bar t 
r relrtt, bar black bood. b«r bo. and bar raaaij. Ui» 
«7 baan ■■ * - 

ni7 baao-ldoal of a prood ItaUan n 


raauT. Ui» 
Sia Sftaanife 

dnfetti of Tybalt itampa bw vlth one mry charactarfarie 
ttvil of tba aflo and countrr. Yot Aa lovw bar daogbtar. 

I b a toocfa of rcmorHfU landamaM In hw 
UMUMBiauoa ovar bar.— Mn. Jamawn. 

(T»rd (3apulet was about 60. He had 
"left off masking** for above thirty 
ye&rs (act i. sc. 5), and Udy Capulet was 
only 28, as she tells the nurse; hot 
her daughter Juliet was a marriageable 

The Tomb of all the Capulets, Burke, 
in a letter to Matthew Smith, says : '* I 
would rather sleep in the comer of a 
little country church-jrard than in the 
tomb of all the C^apulets.'* It does not 
occur in Shakespeare. 

Capys, a blind old seer, who pro- 
phesied to Romulus the military triumphs 
of Home from its foundation to the de- 
structiou of Carthage. 

In tha baU-eate lat Oapjn. 

Ctpn the tlsfatloi Mar ; 
Prom bead to foot be tramblad 

As Romulus drew near. 
And up stood stiff hU thin arhlta balr. 

And hie bUnd tjm flaabCd Ara. 
Lord Macaulair. i^jw ^T^Mctenl itoiiM("Tba PioplM^r 

Car'abas (Le marquis de), an hypo- 
thetical title to express a fossilized* old 
aristocrat, who supposed the whole world 
made for his behoof. The " king owes 
his throne to him;" he can *' trace his 
pedigree to Pepin ; " his youngest son is 
" sure of a mitre ; " he is' too noble ** to 
pay taxes ; " the very priests share their 
tithes with him ; the country was made 
for his " hunting-ground ; " and, there- 
fore, as Beranger says : 

Chapeaii bas I cbapeaa bas I 
Ctoin au maniuis de Garabat ! 

The name occurs in Perrault's tale of 
Ptiss in Boots, but it is B^ranger's song 
(1K16) which has given the word its 
present moaning. 

Carac'ci of Prance, Jean Jou^e- 
net, who was paralyzed on the right sioe, 
and painted with his left hand (1647- 

Carac'taouB or Caradoc, king of 

tlie Sil'ur^s (J/onmoiUAjAire, etc.). cot 




lite jieftn he withstood the RomAa anus, 
bi«t being defcatt-d by »>' ' " y^'alm^ 
the Roman ffcnpml, h« Itri- 

Igmotia iYorhhirc^, etci aid 

Rornno fniitmn mamed U> 

chit^f of thr««« parts* CarU . — . 

bftrariHl him in th< Bomiifts, a.d. 47,^ — 
Richard of Cironcest«r, Afk^kni State of 
Brttatti, I. 6, 28. 

CaradcH! was led catytiTe to Romei a.d« 
61, aad. ttnick with the i^randetir of thai 
viiy, csieUitiied, ** 1» it poMible that a 
{j«;optu »o wi'altjiy and hi^cunouA itaii 
irnvY tue a hunible cottaji^ in BriUin?'* 
(^atiilitig the emperor was bo charmed 
wtUi hit manly tjiint and bvarin^ that 
he reieaaed him and craved hia fricod- 

Drayton sara that Canidoc went to 
Roine with boOy naked, hair to the waists 
^rt with a chain of steel, and hit 
^' iiiAnly brcait GDcha«ed with sundry 
ahajp«a of t>cajitji. Bi*th hiM wife aud 
chiUiren were captive*, and walked with 
hito/'— i^o^yo^Wo«, viii. (1612). 

Caracul f*-*' Caramita)^ aon and 
•m*cc«44^ir fff "^ ' *' ' 

penjf. In A 
a^*ainHL thi' ' 

ffxted by Fiij|:;ik]. Auril^uji Axil^iiinuj 
WM called *' Caracalla " li«<'aiise he 
ado)it«il the Gaulish caracaJla in ^ire- 
fere nee to the Roman luj/a. — OMiaii, 

■n»« C«rt«l or riaail b n* «itHr ttui CboMlte, «^ 
tH U*9 MM pf anwwl mm cmyciw of Bww . . . «m 
ai4 kUiwtt t t mmu alMl "TIm im dT tbc Kk^ of tlM 
Witfld." T^Ib ««» AJ>. :niL— teawrtef^M M a* J^ ^ 

Garacaliam'bo» the hyjjothetical 

lie may ooe 

« Tied li the 

t-M,r *,T Uf ii^VO, — Ccr- 

V]lt)t4:il, Ikrf. ijA), 

of llic K<>uijd J Mble. He WM bunhaml 

of till* Mfilv Indv ift fill" «|tip**Ti> *nim wh^-* 

\ Str < The 

b<*' If of 

jS' 'W « 

■n .*ad. 

>f » hi, " III. M--« M#'Wf ,1 .D.-k^.M who 
mtk carre that head of bfawo*" Eiiighl 

aft^r kniffht mMe th*- iiHf>mp*, hot QaX$ 
a, TTm 

(•'Roy It 

Caradoo of Ken'wygeut, tlJ# 
youn^jef bard of Gw^ri*vyn piince «l 
PowyS'land. Tlu- elder bard M tha 
pniice wa* CmlwalloQ. — Sir W. Bcoti^ 
T/rf //i^ro£A«/(time, Henry II j. 

Car'atach or Ovmc^edciM, a Bnilib 

ktn;r Hmnfht enptlvt before the etupaHit 

CI: ^.i>. hi. Ht had httn ' 

trti tauandua. CUiidtua 


fB>Ton allude t^ the "tpectacle" di 
€iif'iit;Yui"«^s produced by Ttioma* Sheii- 
dan at Drary t^uie Theatre, H wma 
IkaumonlU tragedy ul iftmtliwa, miaita 
the dialogue.) 

flM idli4 twia df W ft»iiu, M* KUi«H Hta n««. li 

Car'athJs, mother of tht calipb 
Vttihrk, ^>be waii a lllfrrk, end Indnecd 
her fOD to ttody t ' hcJd in 

nbhurrenco by all ijifTtan». 

to r 

my ton, wiUi 
ti> he bttrnt, 

a -i^ 


ir lw^anl» 

rntinl to 


W. Ucekiord, Vathek iiiM), 
pernr i 

hitti ai 

GtbbAti, i 

Cards of Cor 

it ^.•- ' --' • 

comer turned dovii. 

.jiCii. J «a!rd 




bft hand bottom oonwr tamed down 
— fc Oangntnlrtiwi. 

Oar'dan (Jer&mt) ot Pk'vi* (ifiOl^ 
1076), A cnot matheiDAticuui and aatro- 
logv. He prafened to have « demon or 

Carde'nio of Andalan'a^ of opulent 
peicnt^ fell in love with Laanda, « lady 
of cqou family and fortmie, to whom he 
wBtf fbnnallj eni^aged. Don Fernando^ 
hu friend, however, prevailed on Lucin* 
da's father, by artifice, to break off the 
engagement and promise Lndnd* to 
himself, "contrary to her wish, and in 
violation of every principle of honour.^ 
Thia drove Cardenio mad, and he haunted 
the Sierra MorCna or Brown Mountain 
for about six months, as « maniac with 
lodd intervals. On the wedding d«y 
Laeinda swooned, and a letter informed 
the bridegroom that she was married to 
Gardcnio. Next d«y she privately left 
her father's honse^ and took refuge in a 
eonvent; bnt being abducted by don 
Fernando, she was carried to an inn, 
where Fernando found Dorothea his wife, 
and Cardenio the husband of Lncinda, 
All parties were now reconciled, and Uio 
two gentlemen paired respectively with 
thor proper wives. — Cervantes, X^ 
Qmxote, I. iv (1606). 

Car'dael or Kar'tel, Carlisle, th<' 
]|^ace where Merlin prepared the Round 

Care, deocribcd ts a blacksmith, who 
"worked all night and day.** His 
bellows, says Spenser, are Pensiveness 
and Sighs.— /iMfry Queen, iv. 5 (159G). 

CareHleas, one of the boon com- 
panions of CWrles Surface. — Sheridan, 
Bchooifor Scandal (1777). 

Care'ieMt (Colonel), an officer of high 
spirits and mirthful temper, who seeks to 
win Ruth (the daughter of sir Basil 
Thoroughgood) for his wife. — T. Knight, 
The Bunest TMeves, 

This farce is a mere r€chau§€ of The 
CnmmitUty by the Hon. sir K. Howard. 
The names ** colonel Careless" and 
" Ruth ** are the same, but *' Ruth ** says 
ler proper Christian name is " Anne." 

OareUmy in The Committee, was the part 
tor which Joseph Ashbury (1^:^^1720) 
was celebiated. — Chefcwood, Jlittory of 

{7%e Ommttee, recast by T, K]U£^ 
It oOled The M^nett Thiifvtt.) 

Careien (N^^ makes love to lady 
PlisiiL— W. Congreve, The Doablt Ikaieit 

Careless HuabBJid ( ?^j,aoomcd j 
by C^lJey Cibber (1704), The " cazeieai 
hq«basd is sir Charles Easy, who hat 

junours with di^crent persons^ bnt is •« 
carelesH that he lenves bii love-lelteiv 
aboui^ and even for^geu i£> lock the door 
when be b*8 made a liaison, sa that bia 
wife knows all ; 3et ao sweet is bef 
tfinperi and under such entire control, 
that she never fe{v«9Ai:hes him, nor sLowf 
the siightftst indloatioti of jealousy. Her 
eonfldenee mt wins u^q her biuband that 
be confeMies to her biB faults, iJid reforms 
entirely the evil of bis ways, 

C&Tilde {Jfiim de}j chef de cuisine of 
IjCo X, ThU was a name given bJm by 
the pope for an aiJmirable imtiie fnaiifre 
which he invented for l^ent, A dcftficndant 
of Jean was €htf to the prince r^jgent, a| 
a salary of £1000 per ounum^ but he left 
thii Mitu&Uon bef^use the prince bad only 
a m^muje buuriftoi^, and entered the ter* 
vke of baron RothsdLUd at Paris (l7S4r- 


Carey (Patrick) ^ the poet, brother of 
lord FttlkJand, introduced by sir W* 
Scc^tt in W^^dstock (time, C^mmoa^ 

Car'eill {The Hev. Josiak)^ minl^itf 
of Si. Kunan « Well, totor of the Hon. 
Aiijcii$!m Hid mare \i >!ft), and the suitor 
uf Mi«a Augusta Hidinorc. bis pupil's 
Biater.— iSir W. Scott, ^L komtn'a Weii 
(time, George III.), 

CajKibee Islands fl^ndon). now 
*^andoa Street. It was ciLlled the 
Can bee Uliindfl from its coniitle:M stralti 
and intritiale thie^'es* passai;es. 

Cati'no, father of Zeno'cia th» ebastB 
troth -pli^i^bt wife of Amoldn (the lady 
dttfbiinoutably pursued by the icovemor 
cftunt ClodiiiJ.— Beaumcint and Fletcher, 
The Cmtf?m of the Country (1647). 

CaOPTcer (Jaiwa), manaper in tbn 
boute of Mr. Dombey^ meixhunt. Dirkef 
vra» a uian of 4i\ of a llririd complexion^ 
with tery |r]]Htenin|£ white t«£lh,, whicb 
ahiiwed cfunrtincqouiily wht>n he B]>ol(eb 
His etmik was like ^'the snarl af a cal.^ 
He WHS the Alas'tor of the bouse of 
Dnmbey, for he not only broii|£ht th« 
Arm to baokruptcjfi but be icdut^ Alloc 




Itarwood (cousin of Edith, Doiiib«y*A 
s<»eimd wife) «nd also induced Edith to 
clMfm- mth biin. Edith left the wretch at 
Dijon, and Cftrlt^r, returning to Englnndf 
wti:i run over by a nulway troio uul 

John Carktr, the elder brother, a junior 
clerk in the mnie firm. He twice robbed 
it Jind WM foffjiven, 

Httrriet Carker^ & gentle, beAutifu! 
young WOP' An, who murried Mr. Worfln, 
one of the empto^j€i in the hotuie of Mr. 
Donibey, nuerchant. When her elder 
brotliur John fell into dij»|rrace by robbinjjf 
hiti eni|iloyer, Flarriet left the hi»usc of 
Hef brother Jaiiie^H (the mnTuijjer) to live 
ivtth and cheer her diagmctMl brother 
John.— C. Dickeiu, Dottdtey <nyi Son 

Carle'gioTi (4 ty/.) orCair-Li'gion^ 
Chester^ or the *' fortreit uj)on llec/* 

r-- ','■- " , m oflicer in Uie 

I ffverU of if*0 

Caj-Uale (Fr^xicruik Ifovoard^ fart of) ^ 
iij)cte and |p:uiirdijin of lord IWron (1748- 
J«iO). Hi* tnuredie^ aru Tha I'atJiMr'a 
£t.tcH*jit uad UeUamcrc. 

Tlw Mnlrtk pulinc U Chrikllv . . , 

Carlos, elder ion of dnn in'-'^'->, 
and the favourite of hia t>A'< 


\ . 

y- . ' . ■ ■ . '' . ■ ^ r 

bruiltt-r m tJit>iiio, n ui*jf« tt*xet>itib. — 
C. Cibber. Iaw Malu:* a Man {WM), 

ti , but 

i\ -„_ _.^._ „^-,.-^- .--.^icr • 

! It wiu Ti{)t bmdiu^, and 

* Carlrtii %i\ m*rrv Honn^ d«> 

*j. aely, 

t. ■■.- waa 

irlin^^, Thi OrfJion «/ thg />9a«i Aa 

GitAm (/MnJ, ion of rhilip II. of 
rbrtQgttl ; deformed m ^tAwm, violent 

t FniMtk 

the ard»- 


: out:*! thf 
IL frittlrd lilt 

and Tindlctive in dinTHWitinn 

wai to have marrird 

but hiti father 8U| , 

aequently he expect- 

duchess Anne, dau^ 

Maximilian, btit h*^ 

match. In IfkW Phil 

euecea«ioa on Rodotf>h and ErnrjBL, hii 

nephews, declaring ('arlos iiH>afi4.ble 

Thi» drove Carlo« intn trva«on, Kad hi 

t'oined the Netherlandent iu a wnr a^invt 
iXb father. Ue was apprvttended and 
condenmed to death, Lrtit wa« killed in 
prison. Thia haj furniihed the ■Dbjeet 
of aevenil tragvdie*: i>, Otway'e 7>wi 
CurioM(lCu2) in En^^liah ; tJjo«M; of J, G, da 
Campiatron (1G83) and M- ^ *- ' » -^niet 
J 1789) in French ; J. C. f ~m} 

in Germaa; Alflerl in It^^ tht 

iatne time. 

Car*io» {Ikm)i the friend of doD Alonrtv 
and the betrothed husibanil of l^eono'r^ 
whom he resij^i^ to Alun/o uul of frieod* 
■hip. After niarna:^^: , /in^u:a indooea 
AJonzo to believe t* and don 

Carlo« entertain a > r for e»ck 

other^ whereupon Al.Mi^.' ....i .( jealotwjr 
haa Carlos put to dMlh, and Ledooim 
kiUa henwlf.— Edward Toua|(, Jlf 
Mm>tiige (1781)* 

VartQ$ (/>on)| huahand of dovOA 
Tictoria. He gav* the de»ds of hit wilbli 
SHtate to donna Laara, a eourttiMi, mi 
Victoria, in order to recover them, aaaui 
the diaguifte uf a man, ttitik tha 
FUirio, and made love to her. Hi 
aecured a ftH*tin(*, Kh«H -^ 
(rn^fiar a» the mtvaIUiv m^^ nm^ 

and Ga^f^nr tr. Id Tjinrn 
hand w» > 
(It of t. 

rixeuid from impeiulinK ruio. — Mrs. 

Carlton (Admmd G*or^)^ Gmt^ 

IV,, author at Thr Voy^^ i/ m 

«f an^A of I.oj/altgt 9, poetie epistk 

Car'iniUi&ii, the *^phantoiB ahl^** 

Th* captain of this ihip mvnrc h* wouli 
double tl 
or not, f 
diMinHHl : 
in r 

•ailon •! 

wiUtf^d it 
^ h« was 

■■ t co^jitain 


* it. Tl* 

a koboid «bo 
tliair W0rk, b«tl 





wfco tr* idl«. When ft vcwiel is d&oined, 
tlbe fc^botd &|ipQKA iimokmg « Bbart p^P^ 

CMfo, tba Flvli or "luitaiml num" 
Mncrnified. F^maA Flt^chtJt mj» ** Ihla 
dam of ■ill*' b « baf of ImUhioine jibApef 
■jnT«d in rteeU pDi"**«l «xtein*Uy, but 
fti«tj wi&iti* On ber ibieldi ta the device 
jf ft memiid, with tbe tn^Uo, *^ H«r, 
:imi*. md Die."— Jft* P^»yii# Mxad; tiL 

CvootuiXIs t3i« bwxner of tlt« Hl- 
Imcir. hfttin^ for device "St, Ambroie,** 
1^ |u£roD smini of MiUn. It was 
wHipi^il on on iron tree with Lror; Icftveflf 
■ad the tuoimit of the tr«e wiki iur- 
veoatBd by^ a lam Cfoaf* The wholfl 
T«i imiAcd OQ 4 ni car, dimwQ bj toaw 
red build vith red bftjii«M, Hft&a wu 
■Imvt said beftjit the cmr ttuted, and 
GainefoUe ielLfl »■, ^* toute 1ft c«tr^niocii« 
cl^it nne imltftlioB d« Vmrcht d'ftlliftnc« 
da IwuHits.** 

Milt H mmm, Balcnrri da 
mil ( l« fiB ji U miw^ pour 
pour ii. gu^ au l-wuHkxi 
wnliKt^^lt Bataili* 44 

CATOliU©, <|«««ti- conjflrt of Geflrgt 11* I 
iotfoducod by lir W. Scott in JA*? //iistiH 
^f MfdhiAMirk. Jesate Duna hfti fta 
istcrriew with berin the j^rdeai at Rich* 
mood, mnd ber miij^ty promiees to inter-' 
nde with the kltig far Kf&e Deaoa'i 

CATott «r OttfrapUfliuB, a Bumftn 
o^ptftja^ afttiva of BeJpc GftuL Th« 
^pemr Uftximian employed CaroA to 
defend the const of Gaul ft^ftioit the 
FfftnlLft ftnd Sa3tcin&. He (uct|uiFed great 
wmUli fti**! power, but fcArtni^ to exciu; 
the JjsdouAy of Maximiftn, he niled 
for Britftiti, where (in A-ii. 2«7) be caused 
huateLI to be praciftlmed cmiierur. Caros 
ttsiiied ^1 ftUetnpts of tho Uumftn» to 
dialodge htm, m thftt thicy ultiuuitely 
■cknowledf^ his independence. lie 
PCj^AirNl AJ^rieotft's wall tx> ub^tmct the 
imfarftionj of the Caledonians, and while he 
Tu ^mployiMi on thia work wfts ftttscked 
by ft party commanded by Oscar, son uf 
(JMian aod eiftndson of Fin^. ''The 
warriorH of Gafi3a lied, and Owcar remained 
bke ft iw*k left by the ebbing ■«*,■*— 
Uiaiftji, TA* WW «r/ Cofn*, 

QBd , . . b Ifaa . . aaMd twifiw 
jind ti»B ]vfTib in th<i jmr SSTi uul 

Car'avo (3 aj/f.)* " a story williMl 

an end*"— Mni, Aw^tin, TtansiatkriL 

t MBit i^t «n, w 1117 randort irUl uiiliJt*!* tluil Mf 
MdiT, Uk« IWut4« scon ^sbncnl dM, IHQ |«onp ■ 

Carpathlaii Wizard (7^h Pr^ 
teai (:2 J^^-), who Lived in Uic iahuid of 
Car'p^thna, in the Archipelflgo* He waa 
a wiiard, who co«ld change bis form at 
will. Being the sttr^od'a shepherd, b# 
carried a crook. 

W3 iitm. 


HtM, which ^t* WO- 


Carpet [Frin^ Ifimsain's), a ma|;ic 
carpet, to all appeamnceft quite wortlileaa, 
but ii would tranfiport any one who sat on 
It to any part of tlit world in a moment. 
ITiis »rpet is sonjetime* calltid **tht 
maj<ie carpet of Tan^/" bocause it cAmt 
from Tftfflgn, In Peraift. — Ar&tmm ^tujht* 
("Prince Ahmed"), 

Carpff {Sokmon's}. Solomon hftd a 
green silk earpet, on which bis throne wuji 
0et, This caipet waa large enough for all 
bJA court to stand on ; human heini^s 
stood on the right *;de of th^f Ihmne, and 
flpjritd on the left. When Soli>moii 
wiflhed to travel he told the wind where 
to set htm down^ and the caqiet with all 
its conteotfi rose into the itir and nUghted 
at the nn;)per jilace. In hot weather the 
bird^ of the air, with outspread wln^ 
formed ft L-ftnopy over the wLok party.— 
SalSj Kordn^ xxvii. notca. 

Carpet Knight iA)^ a citiI, not t 
miiitftr)- knight. 

Cupel ItnJgliU ax* mm «^ Bin, trf thf prinoe'l 
flirt iHvd (*«uitt, t«nni|« Icnti^ib mt 1*vaiiM dD4 la dit UnM 
oj' ptiu*. lit 11^ UmpiMttioii ctt bflm on of tk* bu^^a 
fTwr«L llAiitht (*)t mmfi IpOckAl mrrie^ dunt le Uta imd- 
taanwealxii, d^^rna^i Ihli lJtI« >nd dlciittj. TI117 ^% 
cKlk^ -'C^rps'^ Kniahu' ^fotm tbtir rvc^lre tfwbr 
bqiituur 1J3. tti* nyaru wml liitiin mJpiti [vid lu^t Lb Ui* 

Carpilloiia {/'nnerw), the daugbtei 
of Subli'mua kin^ of the Peaceable 
Islftnd^. SubUnuii, beini^ dethroned by a 
nauriwr, wiw with bis wife, child, and a 
fuundUng boy, thrown into ft dungeon^ 
ftod kept there for tlirfw y«ini. The fonr 
captives then roni rived to escape ; but 
the rf'jw? which held the basket in which 
C^rpillonfl was let domti, snapped 
Miinder, and she fell into the lake. 
Subline us and the other two lived in 
ritin.'nvcnt fta a shepherd family » nnd 
Car pill ona, being rt'»<.ueti by ft nsherman, 
wpw bnnii^ht up bv him as bis dnuj^hter. 
When the " Humptwclsed*' Prince dd- 
throned Lhe usurper of the Pouzcabte 
I islands, Carpillonft 7 as one of thft ca^ 




and Uie ^* llormiti*ck»Hi " Frmce 
WEoW 1 1 make her hi» wif«f ; but »h€ fled 

Hfi name tci U»« cottA)i(e 
Mtm, whrnt »he fell in l<iv« 

I- -■* ».^K. hi!f- 

jiry Taifs \** Vtm- 




ces5 L' 

Car^O {fifmnrtlo fir/)* n»tiir»l •on of 
don SnTi> h<^ Mid «loD» XimenA^ sunuioied 
***!! ' It WHS Iknmrdd <!d 

Cit V Rotuid At liiiDcesvfttlgt 

(4 -y ,. .>• w-ipaaUb igm*ckce be U a 
T«fy eciu*pii-uutt« llgara. 

Carrnfi'po rSmi-wm^, son of flnrlbnlo- 

iwtH4Hl«ttl» llto «•««««» fmwiMMf an. ■«« kit 

ft^cW ii^tiAli P »tfc Oir— ili^ Am ^utmU, U. I. 

»• wv MTtepi toaH . . . « tt» tadMdor Bmbmi 
GteTWR»,«riblwflM«wilw«Kl UQInMieriririik. 
ter vmfcft. AMM&^ or miil ||m| le. Ar «t hMg m tb* 

(Th« klliwlon ia to Dm Qmit6t*. IT. L 

Curle-Thura, in the Orkney I «lAfir!f» 
tih« f-ilft^.'* r.f kjfiL' T'llhiJlii. ^t !• the 





wK-o, wiicrc they ^Mtj^wt-ti lh« 

Curril, thft jprr-boklad Mti of Kin- 
fe'iui tmrti of Cittiiullttif fencnJ of the 
IrUti tribes. — Qtstaa, An^. 

CarHllo (/Wv) wm nertr to be 

fouitil in M\*. tjwx\ celi» »C€OfdiDig to ft 
fA^Dotm dpftQiiii cptj;nm. 


Cutlc— Sir W. Scott, JTAi^wprli (lfai% 


Car^Btone (J?fccA^r</), cotitin c»f Ada 
rifire, IwLh hfin^ wandfl in niirHirr, 
iuicrfnted in tbe trrcAt iiiit ''' t 

t, Jjimdyce/* Richard Ti' t 

**h*ndsf>ineyo«th, nlM^n* ' ■ ^ 

fiwc, ftnd with a most 
Hf fnarriN bii cotifin > 

hop* th*t the salt will ftoon urn , . 
Aod make hint rich. In tbe inetii tir« 
tries to maJie two ends meet, fint t>} n r. 

{in^feMioo of medicine, then bv that of 
»w, tben by tbe ftmiT ; bat the fotltn^ 
•lone leathers no tn^' ^ ' ** '^ ' t 
ffUow die« with tbf • 

deferred, — C. Dickens, , 

Cart&ph'llua, the Wanriirrinu .l»w 
of Jf\cuth *Xf>r\\ Tr*iiiti«n *av» h* w«« 
door-keeper ^ ^ ^ ' " ■ ,. 

ftef^iee of I 


trance, *iisl mimI 
vou&c: nmn tbiuir 



ii "book" '^^9 Tf^pwl ftOf! CMt- 

imut'tl by M*tth' ~ • '•]» 

the earlieit aecr 

JirWt A.iK i/->:. [ . : ,1 

afion ; of lihimAjf, wrvi« tjbit 

Carter li/ri, Dthotah's^ b^«ifke>rp«f 
to Snrjtlnn the lawyer, — J. 3d. Morton, 

CAr'thag* (? at/A). Wh«i Did© 

lor 4 .■^;,ui^:;, V,;....,, . 
**tbe Ifide." (iireok, 

'« biOlR 


«iMi fort whicb they ciak»d )«liuiik. 



Carthage of the STorth. TAbeck 
WM K) called when it wm the head of the 
Htnweetic League. 

Cai^thon, eon of Cleee'ammor and 
Moina, waa bom while ClesBaaimor waa 
in flight, and hia mother died in child- 
birth. When he waa three years old, 
Comhal (Fingal*s father) took and bnmt 
Baldntha (a town belonging to the 
Sritona, on the Clyde), bat Carthon was 
carried away safely by his nurse. When 
grown to man's estate, Carthon resolved 
to revenge this attack on Balclntha, and 
aeeordingly invaded Morven, the king- 
dom of Pineal. After overthrowing two 
of Fingal's heroea. Carthon was slain by 
his own father, who knew him not ; but 
when Clessammor learnt that it was his 
own son whom he had slain, he mourned 
for him three davs, and on Uie fourth he 
died. — Ossian, CartAon, 

Car'ton (Sydney), a friend of Charies 
Darnay, whom he personally resembled. 
Sydney Carton loved Lucie Manette, but, 
knowing of her attachment to Darnay, 
never attempted to win her. Her friend- 
ship, howe%-er, called out bis good 
qualities, and he nobly died instead of 
hia friend.— C Dickens, A Tale of Two 
CUies (1869). 

Cartouche, an eighteenth century 
highwa3rman. He is the French Dick 

Car'an, a small river of Scotland, now 
called Carron, in the neighbourhood of 
A^n^cola's walL The word means "wind- 

Ca'roB (Slow), in Garth's Dispensary^ 
is Dr. Tyson (1649-1708). 

Caryati'des (6 syl.) or Carya'tes 
(4 syl.), female figures in Greek costume, 
used in architecture to support entabla- 
tures. Ca'rya, in Arcadia, sided with the 
Persians when they invaded Greece, so after 
the battle of Thermop'ybe, the victorious 
Greeks destroyed the city, slew the men, 
and made the women slaves. Praxit'el^, 
to perpetuate the disgrace, employed 
figures of Caryan women with rersian 
men, for architectural columns. 

Caa'oa, a blnnt-witted Roman, and 
one of the conspirators who assassinated 
Julius Cesar. He is called ** Honest 
Caaca,** meaning plam-spoken. — Shake- 
speare, Juiius (Mar (1607). I 

Caaoh'caach, a hideous genius, I 
** hunch b acked, lame, and blind of one i 

e^e ; with six horns on his head, and both 
his hands and feet hooked.*' The fairy 
Maimou'ng (3 syL) summoned him to de- 
cide which was the more beautiful, '* tha 
prince Camaral'zaman or the prinoe« 
Badou'ra," but he was unable to deter- 
mine the knotty point. — Arabian Nigfd» 
(** Camaralzaman and Badoura **). 

Caaella, a musician and friend of 
the poet Dantd, introduced in hia Pwr^ 
gatory, ii. On arriving at purgatory, the 
poet sees a vessel freighted vrith souls 
come to be purged of their sins and made 
fit for paradise ; among them he recognizes 
his fnend Osella, whom he "woos to 
sing;" whereupon, (^asella repeats wi^ 
enchanting sweetness the words of 
[Dante*sl second canzone. 

DmiU alwU KiT« Pame iMve to Mt thM hister 
Hum bb GMeU*. vbom be wooed to dam. 
Mat In Um uikla- iIimIm oT poialorr. 

MUton, SaMMC siUT (To H. U«m». 

Casket Homer, Alexander's edition 
with Aristotle's notes. So called because 
it was kept in a golden casket, studded 
with jewels, part of the spoil which fell 
into the hands of Alexander after the 
battle of Arbe'la. 

Cas'par, master of the horse to the 
baron oi Amheim. Mentioned in Don- 
nerhugel's narrative. — Sir W. Scott, 
Anne of Geierstein (time, Edward IV.). 

Cas'par, a man who sold himself to 
Za'micl the Black Huntsman. The night 
before the expiration of his lifc-le&se, be 
bargiiined for a respite of three years, on 
condition of bringing Max into the power 
of the ticnd. On the day appointed for 
the prize-shooting, Max aimed at a dove 
but killed Caspar, and Zaraiel carried off 
his victim to "his own place." — Weber's 
opera, I)<rr Freischiitz (1822). 

Cassan'dra, daughter of Priam, 
gifted with the power of prophecy ; but 
Apollo, whom she had offended, cursed 
her with the ban "that no one should 
ever believe her predictions." — Shake- 
speare, Troiius and Cressida (1602). 

Un. Barnr lu cbmxuetm of frMtncM was gruccAiL 
Dobte. and diKnifleil ; no violonm of paadon wms beyond 
the reach o( her fwling. and In th« mcMt melting dlstnaa 
and tendemeH she was exquMtaljr aflecUng. Tbua tbo 
wa* oqualljr admirable In "Uanandra.** "Cleopatra." 
" Kozana," " llunlraia," or " Belridan.''— C Dibdin. Hit' 

***** Cassandra " ( Troiius and Cressida, 
Shakespeare) ; "Cleopatra" (Antony and 
Cleopatra^ Shakespeare, or All for Love, 
Dr>'<Jen) ; ** Roxana " (Alexander the 
Great, Lee); "Monimia" (I'he Orphan, 
Otwayi ; ** Belvidera" ( Venice Preeerve^ 


lUHurtleM^ conc<?iti?d puppv, whft p*yf 
coiift to Amelia WiM^^nWrn, bat ta fcoo 
InMBflvmble to he and u red » fie telh ber 
b« ^Mcanii iJelU-Jicy in ItAly, hnuti'ur id 
SfAin, entcrprlM in France, (irudcnce tn 
Iiu«iti«, ibccrity in Eui;Und, ami Invc 
in tlte wildi of Amority*," for civilized 
tiAtioTif Imve loniT since aabstitutcd in* 
Irii^tic for Jove, — Inch 1*1 d, Lover^ Vows 
(IWJO), mltered from Kotzebae. 

Cassi, the iohjibitJuiU of Hertford- 
■hir« or Camio. — CiesftTf Commentaries^ 

CasslbeUaun or Cassib^elan 

(pmliiihly **Ca«w»lion'*), br<»ther und 

pTTr'ri»**ftT f»f T.tid, He vfaj kinp of 

1 ■ Uga r«p»ftr invjided the 

of MoTiinouth B*ys, in 

'''ry^ that (.'«is]t>clUun 

: -\T^ And drove him back to 

I V. 3, 5)« In CieKar'a necond in- 

' - *' '^ " "in VRoqaifbed hivn 

! to Ibeir irodi ■■ 

I a cow«, 100,000 

alicep, 3U,<Mi wild boMt», wid foirli 

without number "* (eh. S). Aodrog'eia 

(4 *v/0 *' duke of Trinovmntum,^ witli 

r.orK> tnen, having joined the Ron*ao forceii, 

<')MHil>cltatin waa wonted^ aod a^rr^ied **io 

]<nv ;:inoO pounds of ailvcr yearly in 

tf i Kjjtc to Itome." Suren vear* after tHLa 

\ M'lib^-Uattn died and wa« buri<?d at York. 

In Sihakeapenre'B Cymbtim^ the tuitiie ia 

called ^^Caaatbelan.** 

*^^ Polyi»nufl tif Haccdon tella ua 

that ravar had a hu^'o ttlephant artned 

with iM*«lt^ of m»n, with a Uiwer on it* 

*'ra and •lintfere. 

t the tea, Ca^i- 

\'A rutf/nifhOH^ via* 

of Reartffl den ««ciltlp • i^ulloaaoi « 

Ca«'8ilane (B #:v/0« geoeral of Cmxtdw 
aitd father of AnDOpHel*^Z<ticrt of Oway 

CaiMiin^ br«)tlier of AH Babi^ ft 
Pi'ruian, He married an hrtrew and aoan 
iMvame one of thu richcai tnrrrliaota of 
the pUri*, Wh^Ti b« diaoorered that bit 

f- k t«i 

b« c \ M uj the dt>ur (Opened, Refilled 

166 CASSIUai 

hit Mckif bot fiongot the nmgic vofC 
"Open Barley !*• be crieil, but the T 

remained dosed, J*w*seutly the robbaf| 
band retiimed, and tnt him down 
their aabrea. They dim hacked tli«| 
carcase into fotir part^, pl<w*-d U>c't« 
the duor, and left 'Jir mve. AH Baia«l 
carried off th Itad it decently] 

interred.— j|r t (**Ali Babft^ 

or the Forty iuivvt-! r. 

Cafi'sio (JfifAofO, a' Flarentitiii> 
lieutenant io the Venetian army nndar 
the commaod of Othethu Simple^tiiitid«£ 
lint not atrone-mindc'df and therefrfra 
easily led by otSera who fxH**«'iiaed greater 
powcLT of will. Beinu ovfrciKmc nidi 
Trine, he cnijactii in * ■"tnt-t-lisiwl, fuf 
which he wa^ , bul 

Deademona | uoe, 

lago mMd^ cs)auiii 
rouEie the jealousy • 
" almoat wife wa.' 
— Shakeapearfi, Ot\ 


great atatrf man and learned writef of 
aixth century, wbn died at the a^ of 
100, in a.o. 6^2. He fillet} ntanv higft 
olHcea under Theod'oric, but CBifed hJm 
days in a convent, 

r.' -f of 

Ai u> li« 

fairer Lhaxi the i^eii-uyuiptifi, and M£jptuil% 

to puoiah beri aent a hu^ aaa aerpecil to 

vavaf^ her kiua band « kiriL'ti.,fii, 

iihe wat maile a eon - 1 

thirteen afars, llic i. 

a "chair** or impena i » . 

CassitUB, inatigatof of \ht < 
againat Juliua Csaar, and ttimtA i 

ArMtw. TU* 1m( Mf an fhf 
fttt liUMibl* tta« 

T« Ihi* ■ ■ 

tod tkmm, i\ III I *«■ Biii ftai 

I *iia ft i ■ 
» *4hm4 a« tk» * 

^ i«^«w dr rrhi* *ito a ^a i ^na > | 

*nlML«^ac*. J. VtMini, /.</• «ir tl JT. r«iB^^ 

• • " HantlH" (Shakwijwwra) ; ^'BfViiN 
Uy^ t7A* G9mt*t^t MoortJ ; ♦^tW 




(B. TlMinpMm) ; "Pierre** 
(Vnuet JFVMirwd; Otwaj); "Zuiga** 
{Sevettge^ Toang). 

OastagneCte (Osplam), a bero whoM 
itomadi WM icpuoM by « leather one 
oMMle by Desgnettet [W,g$,nen, but 
hie cweer wae eoon ended by a bomb- 
ibell, wluch Uew him into atoms. — 
Maniiel, A I^rmieh JSxirwoageaua. 

CaataliOy eon of lord Acasto, and 
Polrdore*! twin-brother. Both the 
broken lored their fttther's ward, Mo- 
nimla "the orphan.** The love of Poly- 
dore waa dishononrable love, but Castalio 
loved her truly and married her in 
nrhrata. On the bridal night Polydore by 
treadieffy took his brother's place, and 
next day, when Monimia discovered the 
deceit wludi had been practised on her, 
and P«>lydore heard that Monimia was 
really married to his brother, the bride 
poisoned herself, the adulterer ran upon 
Us brother's iword, and the husband 
stabbed himself.— Otway, The Orphan 

Mr. WBkirii — eri l wi et la wmmif wm never ooeedb* 
pana. Iwt the »«al Jndipi extol hia far dHbmit pnts IB 

• ♦ »* Hamlet*' (Shakespeare); "Ed- 
gar^ (King Lear, Shakespeare) ; " Mo- 
neses** (Tamerlane^ Rowe) ; "Jaffier" 
( Venice Preterved, Otway). 

Caa'taly, a fountain of Pamassos, 
■acred to the Muses. Its waters had the 
virtue of inspiring those who drank 
thereof with the gift of poetry. 

Ca8ta'rfl^the lady addrenard by Wm. 
fiabington in his poems. She was Lucy 
Herbert (daughter of Wm. Herbert, first 
lord Powis), and became bis wife. (Latin, 
auto, "chaste.") 

If tlMM. OMtenu I la heaven nte nnve. 
Ker cwth, MM bell, where em 1 Nrt in love T 

W. HaMnffloii. r» Outttru (died 16M). 
Ike poetry ef Hebtactoa ihoerw that he iiBiiiB i id . . . 
• ledTlMkm (or • Iwl7 of birth ead vhtM. tke 

Castle DangerouB, a novel by sir 
W. Scott, after the wreck of his fortune 
and repeated strokes of paralysis (1831). 
Those who read it must remember they 
are the last notes of a dying swan, and 
forbear to scan its merits too strictly. 

Castle Dangerous or "The Perilous 
Castle of Douglas.** So called because 
it was thrice taken from the English 
between 1806 and 1307. 

1. On Palm Sunday, while the Enirlish 
I were at churcn, Douglas fell on 

them and slew them ; then, entering the 
castle, he put to the sword all he Tmmd 
there, and set fire to the castle (March 

2. The castle being restored was placed 
under the guard of Thirwall, but Douglas 
dis^ised his soldiers as drovers, and 
Thirwall resolved to "pillage the rogues." 
He set upon them to drive off the herds, 
but the "drovers," being too strong for 
the attacking party, overpowered &em, 
and again Douglas made nimself master 
of the castle. 

8. Sir John de Walton next volunteered 
to hold the castle for a year and a day, 
but Donglas disguised his soldiers as 
market-men carrying com and grass to 
Lanark. Sir John, in an attempt to 
plunder the men, set upon them, but was 
overmastered and slain. This is the 
subject of sir W. Scott's novel called 
Castle Dangerous^ but instead of the 
market-men " witn com and grass," the 
novel substitutes lady Augusta, the pri- 
soner of Black DoDglas, whom he pro- 
mises to release if the castle is surrendered 
to him. De Walton consents, pves up 
the castle, and marries the lady Augusta. 

Castle Perilous, the habiution of 
lady Lion^ (called by Tennyson 
Lyonors). Here Rhe was held captive by 
sir Ironside the Red Knight of the Red 
Lands. Sir Gareth overcame the knight, 
and married the lady. — Sir T. Malojy, 
History of Prince Arthur^ i. 120-153. 

♦,♦ Tennyson has poetised the tale in 
Gareth and Lynette, but has altered it. 
He has even departed from the old story 
by making sir Gareth marry L>'nette, 
and leaving the lady Lyonors in the cold. 
In the old story Gareth marries Lionds 
(or Lyonors), and his brother Galieris 
marries Linct(or Lynette). 

Tennyaon has quite mined the ■cope of the Arthuriui 
•Decurx. which U • Bunjren'a Pil^m't Profrwm. If* 
nette renreeenU the people of thie vmrld or the luhabli. 
snU of the " Cit]r oT Di>etn>ction." " Uonto" repreeeola 
the " bride." wbirh nijni to the Chiictian "Conwl" aad 
k the bride in brawn of thoee who flght the Sght ot 
Iklth. "Cattle PrrikNM" b tbe Celeetiel Oty. wt on • 
hUL Lynette koSi at Gareth after mn conqiieet, for 
"the canial mind ii enmity against Goa;" bat Gaitvth 
" ftgtati the light, ** and wine tbe bnde. Tennjreoa maker 
the Christian leave the Cltf of Deetnictkm. eonqver 
Apollfon and all the eiante. Ktand In liicht of th« 
Celealal Cltr. eee the bride loTltine him to heaven, and 
then marrjr Lynette or the peraonlflcatlon of the " world, 
the fled), and tbe deriL~— See /Totm am 
(Jannary 1^. February IS. March 18. 1878). 

Castle in the Air or Chateau 
d'Sspagne, a splendid thing of fancy 
or hope, but wholly without any real 
existence, called a "castle of Spain,** 
because Spain has no castles or cbateaox. 
So Greek Kalends means "never,** be* 




ttt^n wctt mi eot^h thingi M 
*' Gr««k KftlentLi/' 

K« vmet |»ttrt «w «ildii i« )• JiiHtak d'utmj : 

■ ann pai t« qwt mm mtm,, w^ dtef^' " 
tM«n W4M« rutNCHML . . , Ot« qtMif aari 

(lt««««lll *n ffumil* 4lilMl1l IMN» t^ 

Ciuitle of Andalusia, &□ npem l»y 
JotiQ O'Keefe. Don Cieii&r, Uie mm nf 
fjoft Sr<tnf>, being ill-truAt4ttI by bin 
f I robber'cbief^ but uUim«t«ly 

lUe |iiui is too ci»iiip1icJik'<l to be 
in<l«niic>od m » fi*w Ut»ej». l)i)n Cit'iiiirf 
hpiifl«t. I^ircnzft, Virt4)TiA, Pedrilliij imd 

*4) th*?ir reiiJ onef. 
Castle of In'dolence (U i^^), in 

th* Und of l)rowaine*.<i, wlirr* cvprv 

(Any, tb« nfttJi from Liicr« to Pliloii 
wiui strewed with mB^^ At Piat/iiA tb« 
oqiJmn brim of I'ljf^d'ni tnrt biiht 


i' -'— - "" - -- ''fy- 

It vritti eutumitt<nj bn our ^v ef- 

injbf liU some tmiriiii k: to 

deliver JtJiJy und m«ke ti tor 

roe/') — K* II. Browning, iV«# a>uv(^ c^ 

Cas^apa (3 yv'0» father nf the 
imtinrtfLlsi, who dwells in tlie mnucUm 
cjiUed MiiiimcC^'ta << ^y—~^n(s%^ iacid<cr 
the Tw< of life (^trw */ 

A«A4if7Ki (canto vi. i- ■ ■ AsjmatJ^ 


Oat (Tht') has bffTi frmi am* im* 

r^V and frccJ^'iu u\ wkli,— 
f*i'/<f o/ fmioi^'noe (lTi«). 

it ; .iux). 

Cas'tlewood (Becitrir)^ t?ie htiroinc 
fjf Erjtuimij » navel h} : r 

*' iUR'jtt |tictnrc of * 
pbyjit^I beauty evcr^ivv.. , „.. ,, 

Cas'tor {SUph'ams), Oje wrc^tlvr, — 
8ir W. Mcott, Oimi Uuberi uf Pitru 
(litiie, Hu/ui). 

Caxttif^ of iIaamIl' fjtlilc, U Ibr *on of 
Ivpilvr Ati! 
Mbix. ^^ 

» <?ftrh otb' 

|i« Ntiirf^ VI ! 

'on G^mmi 

Dio«/' i>. Jftve* 

' it (0(Por|^)^ esUed by the 

I Scttoderbeg " (U04 - 1407). 

«. ^rioiWM K>a of au wVIbAniftO 

ifUKx. delivered u a Auiy^ 

kth IL II« woa iiic) n tii« 

§*'*'■" *'■-' '^'t* •'^- iiiiujuid t>f 

r le Turks In 

pjta li Ou 6m liak lAA 

' 'ostraca'nl^a Sword. 

.••nud IL went ki Tu#* 

' the 
« in 

(1 ri «jl a e*t 

Grid a«yt, ** Felt 

r/ur cat r i^k' >v 

wet bcr jMiwi "). 

Ilia Mm p wart r t toAf U, 
^7oo(f iimr tftfl molir a col nMal,-* 

SM rttcm to tufinfj a eai 7 Tcfermat It J 

' ** uport of fwi- -- - - --• *- ths' 

f U tlT* Er T I 

(th fv m 

Wll(«'ll Uii, ' 

hang on a Ii 

b«At out thu 

wbu ftui^ccrilcd :» tbuNii li cal^ 

httd Ibc •* j»riTil«4^" of b Jtaf- 


A\/Ai«it)«v C«f«* A farmtnte fttnisM^ j 
on#nt r4 thf* **pv»d fAA tim*-" frith »' 

fCT^MjHliUA ILtU£k« U|»UU 4^* 

ilfiigtplM to ^et free. It 




lopaldflfiratliiserael*'fpoTt;'' undone 
4^, JMt as two iiiif6rtiin«lA caU were 
•mm^ tlM alarm was gi^en tbt^ Cbe 
eoloaei wa« nding op post bute. Aa 
oflicer pwaant cat tarotigh iheir tails 
with kk sword and libenttf^d th« cals, 
v^idi seampefsd off before the <^alanel 
arrived. — From a oortesprMidciit, signed, 
R. 6. GlMUi (4f BowdcQ Baildmgfl( 

7%s AaUsmiy Gsit. The ttoi? U tlut 
«NVQ cats fought in a saw-pit bcj ferocmtiilj 
thst «ach swallowed the otberf kwlng 
Miy the tails behind to tell f)f the woa^ 
derfnl eBCoanter. — See Bictiomrtf «/ 
PkrmM ami FabU, tor seveni otlier re^ 

Catai'an (8 jyl.)> * lutif^e of Catai% 
or Oathay, the ancient name of China i a 
boaster, a liar. Page, speaking of Fal* 
Btaif, says: 

I «■ MC WBiw «ca • GMHttu OHifb tba Tf«-Pt at 

*• !•«■ oammmmiai Wmtmmum mma [il*. <in.a/^ 
Wtmml—Mwrw rim 4< ITViUMr, act U. ifi 1 £11011. 

Cateuola'ni, called Qitietich^^m by 
Ptolemy, and Cassii by RichArd of Ciren- 
cester. They occupied Backin^hamAbir«f 
Bedfordshire, and Hertford! f«hi re. Dm^^ 
ton refers to them in his J'oitfoiimny xn. 

Catgut (/>r.), a caricature of Dr, 
Ame in TUe Cowunitaary^ by Sun. Foote 

Oath'arine, qaeen-coniQit of Charles 
II.; introduced by sir W* Hcott iii 
Peveril of the Penk, (See CATiiiSttiXE, 
and also under the letter K.) 

Cath'arine {8t,) of Alexandria (fourth 
eentory), patron saint of prli and vir- 
gins generally. Her reid name wm 
Dorothea; but St. Jeromq w^y^ ^e irai 
called Catharine from th<; Syriiic word 
Kethar or Kathar^ "a croim/* bwaiMe 
she won the triple crown of msrtyrdom, 
yirginity, and wisdom. She wsa pyt to 
dMth on a wheel, November 15^ which is 
her /(^ day. 

TohraidSt. Caiharw^t hait mmm " to 
Hve a virgin." 

TbcM art too Iri^ to to Mt to bnJi M. Catbartni'itiriiiii 
LoagfaUow, f M^i^wfiM iiMSlu 

Cathay', China or ralher Tnrtarri 
a corruption of the Tartar word Khitm^t 
**the country of the Khit«i'ai]s or %ht- 
tans.** The capital was A) braces ac^ 
eording to Ariusto {Orlando Furiom}* 

Catblix^ son of Torman, belcvcd by 

Moma^ d*iif*hter ef Cormac kinc ni 
IreJAdd. Ho was killed out of jt^alouiT 
bv Duchd^maTf and when Du(ihi!l»Di^ told 
Mnma and aaked her to marry bitn ihe 
replied^ "Tboti art dark to Jne* Dnchd- 
mar; cm^ ia thine arm to Moma. 
Give cue that 7word| my foe ; " and when 
he i^ve it^ ihe ^* pierced bin matily 
hreastf^' aod he died. 

ut J, fuaNus to Ito dif flf tlw I 

Cathsrliie, wife of Malhis, in Tkt 
Potish Jgm, by J. R. Wans* 

CsMihtrim {Tk& omidetB\ uBoally called 
^*Tbc Countej^/' falla in [t»ve with Huon, 
a fteif, her lecretary and tator. Her 
pride revolt* at the roatohf but her love is 
maa^terful. Wbea the duke her father is 
told of it^ he iniista on Hnun's manying 
Catherine, a freed serf, on pain of death. 
Huon refuw» to do «o till the ooaateia 
tae»«lf etotreats him to comply. He then 
rushed to the wars, where he greatly 
diitinifuifihefl hmiaelf, is created prince, 
and teamii that hiB bride Ia not Catherine 
the qiioadam serf, but Catherine the 
ditke'f daughter. — S» Knowles, Xow 

Catb'ariii& of Ifl"ewport, the wife 
of Julian Avenel fJ t^f.i— Sir W. Scott, 
Thi Mtmastdrtf (lime, EliKabeth). (See 
Catmakinil, and under K.) 

GathlGen, nne of the attendants on 
Flom M*Ivor.=Sir W. Scott, Waoertey 
(time, George 11. )» 

Cathlin of Clu'tJia, daughter of 
Csthmol. Dutb-Cannor of Cluba had 
alain CaUimol in battle^ and carried oft 
Cathlin b}' force, but abe contrived to 
make her escape and craved Aid of Fingal. 
Onaian and 0»car were celected to (^nnuM 
her caueey atid when they michcd Kath- 
col (where Dnth-Cannor Hv^), Osaiaa 
resigned the cominand of the bat lie to his 
»i>H DscaT* Oat'aT and iJuLh4Jjurttior met 
in combat^ and the latter fell. The Wcior 
carried the mail and hdlm«t of Duth- 
Carfiiar to Csihlif), and Cathlin »idf 
^'Take the mnil and place it hi^h in 
Sdma'a hsU, that von may remember the 
helpless in a dlatant laad." — O^^ian, 

Catb-IfO'da. The tale k this : Fingal 
Id hi4 youth, aiakiii^ a voyage to the 
Orkney *j wow driven by stTf^aa of weather 
to Denmark. The king Stamo invited 
him to a feast^ but Finga!. in diAtmut, 
i declined the invitation. Stamo then 




pfTvpoMd U hi« »nn Sirirtin to innrpriM 
FingAl in hi« eieep ; but Swarnn replied, 
** 1 ah&l) not nlftv in »haclca, I me^ve 
forth in lii^bt ; " and Stnrno rftnolved to 
AttA«k the »tcop«r bv b.imi»«lf. lie came 
Id th^ \>}nf^0i whrrr Finp*l Uy^ but Finpilf 
htn'' " ' ■ ' ' succeeded 

is At day- 

tft^:. kinp* and 

loo»ibg htm Uimt hU li^i&ib he tiud, ** 1 
Iltv« ap«r^ tJi>' life for the jMike of thy 
d«iiij;ht«r» who oticu warned mc of *n 
imtuflcode." — Dssimi, CaiK-Loda (in thf«« 


Cath'mor, v«:»nn«r brother of Pair'- 
bur ('* lord of Ath* "), but t^uHv ttnlike 
him, Cajrhiir wafttnfuchf T ' jiI%- 

BAni ; Citthinor higb-min |»it- 

abl#< Cairliftr marrfered < ^^- of 

Ireland, und bitvin)^ inveiKltil i beitr (»on 
of Oii«Un) to ft fejwit, vamppd up a (itmnfL 
In which both fell, f*athnior §corned 
•uch treorher}'. Cnlbmor ta the second 
hfff of t^*' T«>^m filled TrmUwft^ aod 
fall .l(bk. viii.). 

Cath^olic ( Thfu 

Alfotmo I. of Astnriai. called by 

FcrdioiiDd IT. of Ar'a^na, hi»h*nd of 
iMbdk. Alao cntlcd Bu»^, '* th« wily " 
{\Ah% I47i-i;'.lfi). 

liab^tU wife of Fet f of 

AimfC(>n* <^f> rallfHl for be? ; > nh* 

ing the (nqtiittttttTn (UfiO, i .. ,^. -> 

Catholic MiOesty (C^thofm-a Ma* 

ia- red 

>) in I for 

£il a«U lu nj4)Lutg uut tl}0 **Aria]i 

tiUi* in iiiC i ; :iiU. In IfAJO 

AUxamivT VI. U t*i Fi-rtlinand 

V. kinjf of Afjif. .. jaUJ*', and from 

thut tin]« )t Itrcanit annexed to th« 
8|PAai»ti crown. 

Qm Uioet eottiiia ^d lt«d«loii» bntig^l 

up by bcr ancle Gor'iribni.A plala diliic* 
in the middle rank of life, Thtve tW0 
aill y ^rlfl bnv« hnd their bead* tumnd by 
DOYela, and thinking their narti*»« rnmtnm^ 

Elnce, Tathoe calli benvlf n-t 

er cousin adofiift the namt- i. 

Two gentlemen wifth to m -rr .tit 

the girl* consider ti. , ., r^ tf»« 

unaffected and easry to >< I »" 

«o the gentlemen ftcnd l' r^i 

repruent the **mftrfjTii« v\ "* 

and the *'vipconnt of Ju... , iijf 

lifirli are del itch ted wiUi then^ **dm» 
tingrniBbed noblcmeo ; *' btrt wbta till 
game has eont far enoofrb. Ilie inaitani 
ent4!r, And lay bare the tnclu Tbt fplilt 
arc tAo^^ht a u»cful Iea«on« witbdut ' 
involved in any fatal ill conjcqitcn 
Mut litre, Le$ Pr^cierise* Rkik-uftt (I 

Cathuna, kin^r of i 

Orkttrt/s) tiiid brother of < |, 

Fin^ai, on .■-.->.- i- -irfc.i ,.^ 

obfcfvod 14 

si^'nn! M f 

' ty/.), a Roman patricitti, 
who hriuit'U a cuutipiracy to ovcrUirDw tha 
Govenmiftnt, and obtain f»f biniM^li and 

bin foUovii"- -" -1- " ' - -" Ji 

tni«t, TIj 

Cicero, ^ 

At the head ^r hi- rLnit;> , luL Icil lu the 

battle after fl^htin^; with dnepcnl* 

w TtAm a 


darinc (n.c, &2). 
tra^re^y called 
tairc* in bia £i^ 
the coMpimiy 

Cft'tO, ^^- ^ 
by J. Arl 
(jeaar, Cai 
wliere be hAil 
mimic senate ; 

una tifaiw n 

d wtih 

a sutiUl ri|jublie ao4 
tint 0*ar r«<aolv«d io 
reduce Utica a« be had don« the i««t of 
Africa, and Cato, finding ret*ftafi6i 
hitpclesa* fell on bit own tword* 

He U Mil foiln^ Um^ t>*mt* H>iM. 
CaDtpsnirtDatr. And gpof It to hi* rtlMtda t 

Art * t 

ftitUii«ihnA« cAlhrf kill 

•evvrt Biuralt. 
iprach, but of 

IB imia hUt ^m mmi ai** K»w Hm 
lb* tMHt i«r iitanrtf m, 9tA tiatbA 

a nian tv. 

f iimpli IttbllL 
. and bM 




I Uka tiM Ronuui oeator of thai 
gimndfithcr of the Oito of 
UtioA, ^dio reiemUed him in character 

Oato ami HcrUm^hu. Gkto of Utica'a 
mood wife was Maitia daughter of 
Philin. He allowed her to lire with his 
friena Hortenidiia, and after the death of 
Hofftenaiiu took her back again. 

(aHlMM] 4m\ apw it d « 


%nM. Am yiMR. fl. 7 (un). 

CfttallllB. Lord Byron calls Thomas 
Moore the *' British CaiaUns,*- referring 
to a Tolnme of amatory poems pnbiished 
is 1806, under the pse u donym of 
^'Ibomas Uttte." 

TV Orienial CatuUus, Saadi or Sadi, 
a Perrian poet. He married a rich 
msRhanfs daughter, but the marriage 
was an unhappy one. His chief works 
ars The Ovltaan (or *' garden of roses **), 
and The Bostam (or "pLrden of fruits'*), 

Cau'dine Forks, a narrow pass in the 
mountains near Capua, now called " the 
Valley of Arpaia." Here a Roman army 
under the consuls T. Vetu'rius Olri'nus 
and Sp. Posiu'mius fell into the hands of 
the Sam'nites (2 «y/.)t *iid were made to 
" pass under the yoke.** 

Cau'dle {Mrs. Margaret), a curtain 
lecturer, who between eleven o'clock at 
night and seven the next morning, deli- 
▼•red for thirty years a curtain lecture to 
her husband Job Caudle, generally a most 
gentle listener; if he replied, uie pro- 
Dounoed him insufferably rude, and if he 
did not he was insufferably sulky. — 
Douglas Jerrold, PuacA ("The Caudle 

Cauline (So-), a knight who served 
file wine to the king of Ireland. He fell 
in love with Christabelle (8 syl.), the 
king*s daughter, and she became his 
troth-plight wife, without her father's 
knowledge. When the king knew of it, 
he banished sir Cauline (2 ayL), After a 
time the Soldain asked the lady in 
marriage, but sir Cauline challenged his 
rival and slew him. He himself, however, 
died of the wounds he had received, ana 
the lady ChrisUbelle, out of grief, ** burst 
bar gentle hearte in twayne." — Percy's 
BttipteM, LL4. 

Cau'rus, the stormy wesi-^iortlMPiil 
wind ; called in Greek, Arge^tit, 

Th« ponid br pivdaf OHina HMad. 

Th o m w n . OmtO* nf I m d t l mm t, «. Ciyi». 

CatLBtio, of the Despatch nvmvpKfiKt^ 
was the sisxiature of Mr. Serle. 

Christopher Caustic^ the pseudonym of 
Thomas Green Fessenden, author of 
Terrible ThKtortUiom. a Hudibxastic poem 

Caustic (Colonel), a fine gentleman of 
the last century, very severe on tht 
degeneracy of the present race.—- Henry 
Mackenxie, in The Lotmger, 

Ca'va or Florida^ daughter of St. 
Julian. It was the violation of Cava by 
Roderick that brou^t about the war 
between the Goths and the Moors, in 
which Roderick was slain (a.d. 711). 

Cavalier ( The), Eon de BeaumoDt, 
called by the French Le Chevalier dEem 
(1728-1810). Charles Breydel, the 
Flemish landscape painter (1677-1744). 
Francisco Cairo, the historian, called 
El Chacalierr del Cairo (1698-1674). Jean 
le aerc, /^ Chevalier (1687-1633). J. 
Bant. Marin i, the Italian poet, called 
n Cavaiiere ( 1 6G9 -1626). Andrew Blichael 
Ramsay (1686-1748). 

*«* James Francis Edward Stuart, the 
"Old Pretender," was styled Le CJievalier 
de St. George (1688-176.')). Charles 
Edward, the "Young Pretender," was 
styled The Bonnie Chevalier or The 
Yowig Cavalier (1720-1788). 

Cavalier Servente, same as the 
Spanish eorte'jo, an Italian epithet for 
a young gentleman who plays the gal- 
lant to a married woman, escorts her 
to places of public amusement, calls her 
coach, hands her to supper, buys her bou- 
quets and opera tickets, etc. 

H« mair nmuom h\m mamitmy mn 
Am caraUar wnrenta. 

Byron. Om ./WMi. HL Si insib 

Cavall', "king Arthur's hound of 
deepest mouth." — Tennyson, Idylls of the 
King (" Enid "). 

Cave of Adullam, a cave in 
which David took refuge when he fled 
from king Saul ; and thither resorted to 
him " everv one that was in distress, and 
every one that was in debt, and every one 
that was discontented" (1 Sam, xxii. 1, 2). 
Mr. John Bright called the seceders of 
the reform party Adull'amites (4 sy/.), 
and said that Lowe and Horsman, like 
David in the cave of Adullam, ga 




■tl ilM dlaeoolMitoii mmI «U 
tfaokl ireie pfflltlfnlly iliitTCtwiMt, 

CSmna of MAnunon, the »ho4« iif 
Illo god of woitth. I'tif mon«r-gfM) ^n»i 
ADpeartAi ft mi*er, then h«>comG« ft worker 
•I BiMik, 9MtX uiLimalcly the p«>d of ftll 
the traiMir«s cif the w*jt\d. All men bow 
dovTi to kifl (lAughter Ainbitton*^^ 

Gave of Montesi'nos, About iixty 
fbfl in dcDth, in the hrnrt of I^ Mancli*, 
So O^lea bccauM Mont^^inoa retired 
nhber when he quitt«<t the French amrt 
W^mteomnl nf »i*iut irt^uk otTcrotj to him. 
C«rvtuiiei miikoa Don Qoixotc Ti«it it, 
KOd it \f now oOrn r«?«orti'd U* by «hep- 
b«nl« *» » <Nlj«k^r from tbe eold or rain. 

Cav'endiQlx, mthor of PrmewleM of 

WhiU^ and nufiierouf gitid*-b<ook« on 

B4tiaM^ cie, Henrr Jt«n€«, editor of 
•'FtatlMi'* in The f*etd and SHW <N«i 
licvtpipMi (t8Sl- ). 

Cn^^ — f^"h Squ&re m-*--' «n 

«|1I iri«tuC*v i f 

Edvr i eftfl of lid 

ItorUiucr vLuiit 1718). 

Cftwther (^O* ^^ ^^^ ^^ pA»dbe, 
ttif wml«n cyf which an iweet «a honcv, 
eold M miow, and clear aa crvvtal. lie 
wite once tailai thereof anall aerer 
thlM again, — At K9f^% critic 

Cax'oti (Otd Iaooh)» haiTdreaer of 
Jon- jch (*'the aaLiquaiy **) 

of >: 

*/r:/,« V -^,ij .., 9 mmioer : dauichUr of 
Old J»«*>h.— Sir W. Scott, The AnO^mtrj/ 
(ttiao, U«9rg« III.)* 

Cazton ( PigittrtttuM), ih€ bpro nf Bol- 

w*r'« n*^««#l Th* C**^Um»^ and ♦!♦*• f#>iencd 

-i^-tpel to li \ftf 

k^ of tbe o 4 

'_ _, - rh« name 'W ■<. 

CooA to Mecca (/H 

to |M.<8L. To >imai^ or roj'. 

^>B^ ii<ii*el<5a»ly ctr idlv. ^oa 

*' ' two place! ri«xtBd by 

OoeO* the hero of a no?e1 »o eatlad 1 

OdCiI*B Fast^ an Act of rarlTamenl 
hr VV. C«cil, lord 6urLci|;ht t4> «njnia the 
«Atm;; of fiflh on certain day«. Th« 
ohjeti of this Act wee io reatitre the fldi 
Iradiv which had been almutfi nuacd hy 
th« Reformation. Papi«tj cAt fiih on 
faatHlays, and at the H^formati'^o the 
eatinf? of fiah beiog Icv^V* •* 
of bad fiuth, no one \^ 
under fhe etttpicion of 
and no one would hay h^h, 

CaciUa (-.^0. the 

inventijr of the 

te^^od «a%"B that an angel > 
with Cecilia for her muMirit; i 

oig^btly brouf^bt her roMa fronj [mJiMJide. 
Her husband »aw the aagel vifiiant, who 
gave to both a crown of mart jidoou 


' " r» rw « 

C^'dric a thane of Rotfaerwoiiil, cad 
fitnianied **lhe Saxon.** — Sir W, 
h*mho4 (time» Richard I.)* 

CeVadon and Amelia, lo 
of matehlew beaut^^ and mo^t de^o 
to fa42h other* Being overtAheii by i 
thunderstorm, Atnelia heeame aUrme' 
bat Celadoo^ fotdio}^ his arm abimt I 
•iiiil. *' 'Tia nafety to be near Ihee, eure ;* 
' !ie apoke, Amelia was atruc 

^' and fcJl dead in hia arm 
— if»nui>nu, The Stasum^ (*' ^umaaeri" 

(Celadon, Uke Oiloe, Celia, Uah 
Daphnfi, etc,, may be employed 
Minify a Udy-lov* generally.) 

CeWno or Cele'no, ehicf of tht ' 

Hmm ottacnaBT rtwiia 
Ctfoie ta«i. aiWI BMid* b !■ 4k*KJ augL 
OttM VVMhir. |?iy«r» nfmm0A\m IhirMi PMa \ 

Celeo'tial City {TU). Hcavea i 
ail caller j bv John Hwiynn, in hii r ' 
Prujiru (IfiTti), 

Cel&s'tial Empire, Chiua, §• 

ealled heettiu»e the lirit eau)tcrt»r» wmtm 

' " evleatiad «1 ' " " ■ K^ 

. liest etemit 

-'irhpnren""i f^ 

fcarlii' ' ' ■-^' )» 

etc, t vc&n 

pterit^- , . „., .,„_. . ,, . j^Uoed 

Ce^Ua, dasgbter of fivderieii tte 
oemiiu^ duke, nod oooaia of Bo^alind, 



r of the bsniiihid df]k& Wb^Ho- 
I w^ dJrivEMi from har tint^Ic's i^mrtr 
dlw detcrmiDK] to f^ with h^r io tti« 
ftml of Arden to icek out the buibhect 
4Mk«, «ad for fteeahty uke^ Hosmimd 
dwafl bk box*9 clathk «zid ciilled her- 
nia " Gui'iiiiedr while CelU ditued w 
• ncuaat ^rt fttid called bef««If 
''aIivq^** men tliei^ nuhjed ArdGa 
tbc? I0d^ for m Um^ In fr ibeiilierd'i 
biit^ uid Oliver de Bop va» sent to tell 
y»eiu tiist hir brother Drlkitdo wi« burl 
«im3 could sol come to the hut M ttiu*!. 
Olirtf «£id CeUm fell in lof-e with Mch 
«db«r, ind their weddlnf d^j Wfts fixed. 
GoBined nmmtd the drvn oif RoiAlliid, 
tod tike two brotbefft nttfried at the wme 
time.— Shikeepetre, Am Tm Likt It 

(yiH^ ft el^ of 16. in Whitehe«d'« 
tmMAj of Tl* ^bAW /or £ofWf, It 
WBS written exfvreulj t^t Un, Gibber, 
Jmi^itr of Dr. A me. 

Oi'/ici, ft pocticftl name for mnj Imdj- 
iove; o "Woold joo know my Celia'* 
cfaAfnu . - . ? '* Not tmfreqiiaotly 
&tnpb'oii u the wtHier when Celu a iJie 
wooed. Tbomu C&rew tml\n hw ^^ iweet 
vweeting " Ce lim ; her real name ii not 

C^Ita {iktme), mother of Filth, Hope, 
■nd Qisriif . Sbe Jired in the hoflpji:^ 
eallcd IJoUoeH. {Celi« it fr^m the UUo, 
«^un, "heaven.'") — StMmeer, Fair^ 
Qmen^ I 10 (1590). 

Cel'ldOU^ the leene of one of Arthot'i 
twelve battle*, aloo called '* Celidon-Uie* 
Fore*t," and nid to be Tweeddale. 
Cetvddon waa a eommon terns for a 
Bntifib f great, 

Celimone (B ^/^), ft eoqartte courted 
Vy Alceate (2 »y/.)"th« ** miianthrope "^ {a 
reallT good man. both ii;»fifcbt and nianliTj 
biit blunt in behaviour, rude in ipeecK, 
and uncoTiTenti^TOiftl). Alc««fte w«nte C^ 
limine !« formke ioclety and live with 
him in lecluBion ; Ibis ahe tefuM» to dq, 
and be repiiea, aa yoti cannot tlad, '* lout 
en Rioi, comme m^ii tout en votti, allezj 
je roui refuie." He then propoeca to her 
ettoiiji Eliavtle {S a^L\ but Lliante telle 
him ihe ia alrejuly eoi^a^ to bta friend 
Fhilinte (5 *vt.), and po tlie play etidi*— 

kidicsdm ta a fnej« d tun my. She Ii 
brought oo the «ta|^ occasioiwlly towanlf 
the e«id of the F^iay, but never utters one 
word, and icems a mipcntumemry uf no 
importanoe at all* 

Celm^da,tfae victim of count Fathom*! 
seduction. — Smoliett, Omni F^dhm 

ir\X lb* lihimafjitit] wt lL« irlMl 

liwi tbw Hvm IB pour larMi • ktraun orf mtivAi DMm 

Vh^mat^ (M 

Oelllda (2 *v/.>, IjeloTpd by Taleoi^ne 
and hii son Frauc^iflco. The laay natanJlj 
TOefen the vnunger man.^HeAumont and 
Fletcher^ M^m. TAemoM (16l9)< 

Gait. TennyiOQ e«lU the initabUitir 
of the tri«h asid Welih 

Celtic ftJid Ibo Vian ^elda ( Tlm\ 

Ftanceand ^pftin. 

Cflltdc Homer (TAj), 0*iij|ii. iftid 
to be of the third centtiry- 

If Ohriu IlrM *t thp ibitiidiKeloa 6t ChTblkbllr. to hr 
il] ■tsfMumneB he did. hi|i wy^tt rUl U tL« iAUcf «fld « 
tbv thbd ilid hf^nnlnr oif th» fourth erDtun'. 

Tb« '^Cbmul of >ln|pJ, who t» no oElicr ^u Qh*- 

^DUfd1( AJIKblUt CaM* fKT i^furVlBtlH:, , , . fti ih* irporti bI 
I litpj tP Lbe tLipd (mIutt. i«d Iriih blrtarkufj pUn bki 

OencL Franet^o Cenei wu a moat 
pmAi^jtte Roman noble, who bad four 
ioofl and one dauj^bter, ali of whom he 
t-reated with abununa^ble emelty. H ii 
■aid that he a£BaaBin«ted bii two elder 
SETHS lind debauched his daiipbtei Ikatnce, 
BeJ*trice and her two iurviving bTothen^ 
with Lucretin (their mother), conspired 
apiinit Francejico and accomplish ed hia 
d^^Ath, but all except the yfHin|;Mt brother 
pcri»bb4 uu tbi; tcLtfoid^ Se^mber 11, 

It hnp beim doubted whether the fam- 
ous portrait in the Bitrberini paiaee at 
Rome ip really of 11 eat rice Cenct^ and e^et^ 
whether Gyido Reni wai the pain let. 

Percy M. Hhelley wrote a tr^j^edy called 
Urn Cewd 0«19>. 

Canlmog'nl, the inhebitantt of 
Norfolk, E^uffnlk.and Cambridge.—CMftTi 

Centatli* \Tk9 Mim\ a biimiEr Utm 
from the waiMt upwards, and a goftt 
C(»v^nd with blue »hag from the waiat 




dr^wn^i-rdR. Ukt th« Oipv h» ficd on 
lluiiian fl«ifa. 

«tt #•• m» tmrf itt»4 fMf » i— n i «%ttd. 1 Dtnate t» 

... A* |C*# JNm OMkMiirl PMdl^HHMiaw th* M if 

• net. with mto i^b in on* luuid . . . mi irttta a w«1Mi» 

I" rri-..*- o — ' — •* — 

V White, John White, the 
Ti 1^1 l*wy«r. So oidled from 

his chict irork, >iil3Llc4 TAe /Wl (>f»- 
fHry o/ &aiMli(dtt0, ifd/ijfiiiiil PriaU^ 
gtc, (1690-1645). 

ffltonincd,tbe'*»cM^li«'' r»f Tfif Pvrpie 
jUowl^ fuilf d«criLied in c«nto t» of 
Uwt pociii« by l*hm«u FleUber (IGUd). 

* " irlih bcttt, Qepbftlu 

t the gi«M, and cried 

aiMUti, ''LVroie, gentle Auni^ and this 
hcmt Alky T' ' Hie wordi Wfsi told to hxi 
jiiutt^ wife Prncri*, wild, pnpfMwiog Aom 
to lie ftiime rivnA, (ic*A?i4e furioujilv 
J^^nlml•, F{r*(>tvrd tn flinrnver Hcr rir&li 


^■- ...,.„..:^,i:.^^....,„, , ^Ontk 

Z^phrr i cotne, Anr«i cntne, this heat 
ftlUj''" Ilrr fDtntAke wm eridcat, aiid 
eh«» w»» atx^Qt to throw herself into the 
•nts« nf her huabiind, when the young 
wan, nfrtnted ty th-* ni»tlir»>:^, sboi an 

•rr^w loco 
wild ttcAft 


: — .*v, ^..14 died.. 

' - - ^: I r-.«, i,e, "the enn 

k i'rr*cnf is killed liir 

< dew ia deatro^ed by 

I' i ") 

"^ (.1 «yt), the honittl tnake^ 
-,'*ahr^m/*) Mittim iiaea the 
A ' ri J artidiM Losi^ X. b'15 (iGiiu). 

Cerberus, a dog with three h«ida^ 
wtticij ke^pa iniard in helL llaatc |>laeea 
it in the third drcle. 

Qmhi^m. *r>mt mmmmm. f-ra tttmntm. 

Ito la«r &«i^ wi «lMMi «• taa4i irtlk «m2 

Cor'don. die b«»!Je*t f»f ih* r»htil<» 


aiiiJ (■r>t']j<r. v,:i.. vi UK -ii*.- «. co)«'«*«el in 
the Ki«tii|i arm v.^if, iiuLk-r4 Iimi<Ar^if 
L 1 (ld63i. 

5 pmi 


P«noiiided. I 
mMJia *^ Hotber r^ir^xi 
•gricnltnre and frutu, 

CVrrt, the planet, is #» raited becaoie fl 

was diftcovered from the nlj<M*rrat»ry of 
PAjeruiis and Cei^ ta the tutelar goddcM 
of Siciljr. 

Ceret'tick 8boie (7^), th« Ca^-^ 
digao coajt. 



Cer^imon, a ph;! li^lan of Ephemiii, 
who rest<»red to aaim&titiD That«a, th« 
wife of Per'icI^ prince of Tyn^ tnp- 
Doaed to he dead.— Shakespeare, JrfricUt 
rritkcecf Tyn (1608J. 

Chab'ot {Philip^ fU), aiimifa] of 
France, governor of lif>iirgoTne and Not- 
mandy under Franvoii L jklontmoreocj 
and fhc cardinal dd Lorraine, out of 

i'enlousy, a«^ca!!(«d him of malveraatioo, 
lis faithful a^inant Alle|^ waa put 
to the rack U* force evidence a^^ouit the 
■xrctiMdt >usd Cbabnt was aent Xa pfiaon 
beeauM he wkj unahle to fiay the fine 
levied tipoQ him. Ilia innrw./nrp Imw- 
mty Waa cftabtiahed by t? n nf 

his enemies, and hi* woj* litri 

di,-- ' ' - ■ V- 

Th. : 
Tlu: Ji ,i^: 

George i iluy. 

a rv.** 

adittirtMi by Liii «Ju|«e3i^ h to 





Hi tiupeii^ H to ^1 

deaptAe the ** carnal worl vrr- H 

UxeieM lovea dearly ita -'^>p"u *uni^;a," ^ 
aiid ia moat fdi-iodutiSwL — C 0i«k«iii| 
Bl<nk House (I85ii). 

Chafflngton (Mr, Ptnyy). M.P„ a 
•tock-br»>kcr.— T, M. UittUm, If I kad a 
Tho»annda Ytar, 

Chalbrook, (lie tenant, the root of 


I, vn'- v«<»t iiMKvtf] tvT ita 
"• Thiifwdaya.** — Kabelai% 

ybes (3 iuL), a people oo Ui« 
r« I if the Jtlork f^l«a, who OOeu* 
pien uitrtniieirei in Uie workioi^ orf |nn» 




Cham, the peeadonym of oomte 
Am^d^ de No^ a peer of Fiance, a great 
wit, and the poutical eaiicatnrut of 
Okarioari (the French Fmtch), The count 
trae one of the fuunderi ox the French 
Rcpablic in 1875. As Cham or Ham was 
the second son and scapegrace of Noah, 
BO Am^dite was the second son and scape- 
gr^ee of the eomte de No^ [NoaK], 

Cham of LiUrature, the Oreat, a niek* 
same given to Dr. Samuel Johnson by 
Smollett in a letter to John Wilkes (1709- 

Cham of Tartaxy, a cormption 
ef Chan or KJuui, i,€, "lord or prince,** 
at Uoccota Chan. ** Uln Chan *' means 
*'^reat lord,** ** uln ** being equal to the 
Latin wuMgnus, and **chan" to dommua or 
impfrator. Sometimes the word is joined 
to the name, as Chan-balu, Cara-chan, 
cte. The Turks have also had their 
'* Sultan Murad chan bin Sultan Selim 
chan,** u€. Suitam Mvrad prince, ion of 
AUttm Seiim /)rMce.~Selden, Titles of 
ffomtmr, ri. 66 (1672). 

Cham'berlain (Matthew), a Upster, 
the successor of Old Roger Raine (1 suL), 
—Sir W. Scott, Peveril of the Peak (time, 
Charles II.). 

Chamont, brother of Monimia 
**the orphan,** and the troth -plight 
husband of Seri'na (daughter of lord 
Acasto). He is a soldier, so proud and 
susceptible that he is for ever taking 
offence, and setting liimself up as censor 
or champion. He fancies his sister 
Honim'ia has lost her honour, and calls 
her to task, but finds he is mistaken. 
He fancies her guardian, old Acasto, has 
not been sufficiently watchful over her, and 
draws upon him in bis anger, but sees his 
folly just in time to prevent mischief. He 
fancies Castalio, his sister's husband, has 
ill-treated her, and threatens to kill him, 
but his suspicions are again altogether 
erroneous. In fact, his presence in the 
house was like that of a mad man with 
fire-brands in a stack-yard.^Hway, The 
Orphan (1680). 

Tbm* urn dwraetm la which he [C. M. Twrnm^X k 
■nHvalM and almoat petfacL HU "Ptarr*- [I'raiM 
tr ta tnt^ Otm^J to toon mMmrtf thu Kanhte't; 
hit "ChMMat" to Ml or broihwijr prfcle. nuMe Ini- 
pctwMlty. mod hMnie norn.— Jir«w M^mthlg Ma^aitn* 

Champagne (Henry earl of), a 
emsader.— Sir W. Scott, The Talisman 
(time, Kichard I.). 

Cham'pemel', a Ume old gentle- 
•an, the husband of Lami'ra, and son- 

in-Uw of judge Vertaigne (2 m/t.).^ 
Beaumont and Fletcher, 7%e Little f\rmek 
Lawyer (1647). 

Champion and SeveralL A 
"champion** is a common, or land in 
allotments without enclosures. A 
"severall** is a private farm, or Und 
enclosed for individual use. A "cham- 
pion '* also means one who holds an open 
allotment or " champion.** 

Hon proSt bqutotar found 

(Wbarc pmIovm in NvwaO b^ 
Of MM Mc^ acre of grouod, 

ThMi duunpion mAkeCh of thrMi 
Ajpln whnt a Jor It b known 
WhM oMn n«7 b* boU of Utdr awe t 

l^UMT. /W* B un drtd PtkUa^Ottd 
B m bamd rg, WL S2L 


Th« ak«Mf>lM dMhn fron MMPwil mMh 
Vor want of parttUon. cfaMtar. Md MclL 


Champion of the Vixvin. St. 
Cyril of Alexandria is so cailea from his 
defence of the " Incarnation ** or doctrine 
of the "hypostatic union," in the long 
and stormy dispute with Nesto'rius 
bishop of Constantinople. 

Champneya (Sir Geoffry), a fossi- 
lized old country gertleman, who believes 
in " blue blood " and the " British peer- 
age." Father of Talbot, and neighbour 
of Perkyn Middlewick, a retired butter- 
man. The sons of these two magnates 
are fast friends, but are turned adnft by 
their fathers for marrying in opposition 
to their wishes. When reduced to abject 
poverty, the old men go to visit their 
sons, relent, and all ends happily. 

Taibot ChampneySj a swell with few 
brains and no energy. His name, which 
WHS his passport into society, would not 
find him in salt in the battle of life. 
He marries Mary Melrose, a girl without 
a pennv, but his father wanted him to 
marr^ Violet the heiress. 

AIiss Cfiampneys, sir Geoffry's sister, 
proud and aristocratic, but quite willing 
to sacrifice both on the altar of Mr. 
Perkj-n Middlewick, the botterman, if 
the wealthy plebeian would make her 
his wife, and allow her to spend his 
money.— H. J. Byron, Our Boys (1875). 

<^\: andoB Houae (Cavendish Square, 
London), so called from being the resi- 
dence of James Br^'dges, duke of Chan- 
dos, generally called "The Princely 

ChandoB Street. (See Caribism 

Chan'ticleer (8 syl), the ooek, ia 




Ihr bcAAt-tpk- of Reynard th« F^ (H9f»), 
•od alio io ** The Sonne F'rMte's T&le," 
told m This CanUrrbwy TaU^ by QiMicer 

r**-— '^an Bird {The), the dove; 

9 'auj« dovca ilelivcrcd the 

&ul Um ndiif tpyto» MM vUb talk Inkit 
And MM lit «fl Ck«M|M »W IMlHf 

(TianiiMii /bocf, »eoin«» io cftljcd from 
Llie oak trees of [^(Mtdnii, whicfi irav r out 


ArenttireuBe» Uie 

hit vecond 
Ilia fint 

CTharacters of V&thek's Sabrea. 

wiah^otiJy — W. ikckford, TtiiArJl (1784), 

' n of tliQ nmriiwl ttf 
he WM SS y«Atv olrf, 

pri^n Kt i>ijr»n, for 

Tfieaijtni% (inti rA.tnc/oij, by Jldiodo'iM 
bishop of Tnkl,* (fourth Ci*nturv), 

Chnr. nnitt 

^o-^ |,ij|.t 

hf nti, 

2;: n 

ftj' i**>f!tj m Li« uwu w*Ay, — 

C. IfaktM Of MiH (16U4)* 

Chariva'ri. In liie itiiildle &«£«* • 
^'clmnviiri** cuoatatcd of iia ft(wentl>lji^*« 

<jf ragttniuJClka, who. linnril wilh im cviU 
tnd ^JiliM, t lea, 

l^ifi#r«d in ih* ._• rrj 

hi! th« 


C-^ ■-.[ 

*.k ... 

Ibe prar thii 

day, lioUtilv )T4 Utc niil/i-r' el iJi Ku** 

In Knfft Tiir«ntt ti«Mjr ^lii<?h<>»t4^r, be- 
tween 18«;9 dud IrtrZS, I hftve ^tl^irfii«d 
three »uch vtBitJitiiins m«de U> di<fei*nl 

hon -"^ ^- *- " -- '^r 1 ... i,.„.,l f,^j 



till fi^i* '»'iii (ilium jjftve i3|ii liimx'lf fts 
A hoaU^e,} 

AWtkMi rklib 

--- -- - --. : - ■ -- ^--^ hM 

tiu fiuwer to stipprwM ihcsv deinuuftm- 

Charlemagne and > aa- 

dinu* l'hi« niuiei of t „f 

Ffrtidh ori;;in : "» Hi.' Afi |«J| 

chrrmidc in v. [ tfti 

Iribtttivi iw» 

(II fonif liiit 

{irobably wrkUn 2)H^ nr ii4X> ye«rr 
»l4*r, ^e chj«f of the «?r»« «re ^/iuth 


Charvolein.'Ji- urnoKrofTb«i^«D^ 


IwLh 4J XliC|»k AA ^U4AJbitt. 




Ckarl0m»rm^8 Nmg Wms: (1) Hamil- 
trade, a poor /rendiwoiiiAn, who bore him 
ferend ehildicn. (2) Desidera'U, who 
(t) HUikgaide. (t) Faa- 
or of eoant Rodolph the 
(6) Uatgftrd* the Gemuui. The 
iMt three died before him. (6) Malte- 
nide. (7) Gemiinde the Saxon. (8) 
RcsfiuL (9) AdaUndm. 

Ckaaienu»jm^9 Sword, La Joyeniie. 

Ckartam^tm amd the Ring, PaMnier 
•ajs that Charles le Grand fell in love 
with a peasant girl [Agatha], in whose 
society ne seemed bewitcheo, insomuch 
that aU matters of State were neglected 
bv him ; bat the girl died, to the great joy 
of alL What, however, was the astonish- 
ment of the eourt to find that the kinff 
seemed no less bewitched with the dead 
body than he had been with the living, and 
spent all day and night with it, even when 
its smell was quite offensive. Archbishop 
Torpin felt convinced there was rorcery 
in tnis strange infistuation, and on ex- 
amining the Dody, found a ring under 
the tongue, which he removed. Charle- 
magne now lost all regard for the dead 
body; but followed Turpin, with whom 
he seemed infatuated. The archbishop 
now bethought him of the ring, which he 
threw into a pool at Aix, where Charle- 
magne built a palace and nionaster}% and 
no spot in the world had such attractions 
for him as Aix-la-Chapclle, where **the 
ring** was buried. — kidterchet de la 
France, vL 33. 

Charlanoijne not dead. According to 
legend, Charlemagne waits crowned and 
armed in Odenberg {Hesse) or Untersberg, 
near Saltzburg, till the time of antichrist, 
when he will wake up and deliver Christen- 
dom. (See Baukauossa.) 

Charlemagne and Years of Plenty, Ac- 
eording to German legendf, Charlemagne 
appears in seasons of plenty. He crosses 
the Rhine on a golden bridge, and blesses 
both corn-fields and vineyards. 

Tboa ttMmA&ft, Ok* tniMrial C 

Charlemagne of Servia, Stephen 

Charles H. of England, introduced 
bv sir W. Scott in two novels, via., 
Pexrru of the Peak and Woodstock. In 
Uiis latter he appears first as a gipsy 
woman, and afterwards under the name 
of Louis Kerneguy (Albert Lee's page). 

Charles XIL of Sweden. " Deter- 
nined to brave the seasons, as he hod 
; his enemies, (Charles XII. ventured 

to make long marches during tlie oold 
of the memorable winter of 170^. In one 
of these marches 2000 of his men died 
from the cold. 

Or km the bt« that UMdlng thovuidt ben. 
MarolMd lw thdr Ouuiat to Duiepar'a nrain{»jribot»i 
Faint In hfa woanda, aud flhivcring In Um UmI. 
llM SMdUi aoMlv «nk. and grauMd hli iMt 

(Planch^ has an historical drama, in 
two acts, called Charles XIL ; and the 
Life of Charles XIL, by Voltaire, is con- 
sidered to be one of the best-written 
historical works in the French language.) 

Charles "the Bold,** duke of bur- 
gundy, introduced by sir W. Scott in 
two novels, viz., Quentin Durward and 
Anne of (Uierstem, The latter novel 
contains an account of the battle of 
Nancy, where Charles was slain. 

Charles prince f Wales (called "Babie 
Charies*'), son of James I., introduced by 
sir W. Scott in The Fortunes of Nigel. 

Charles "the Good,** eari of Flanders. 
In 1127 he passed a law that whoever 
married a serf should become a serf: 
thus if a prince married a serf, the 
prince would become a serf. This absurd 
law caused his death, and the death of 
the best blood in Bruges. — S. Knowles, 
The Provost of ^m/es (1836). 

Charles Edward [Stuartl, called 
** The Chevalier Prince Charies Edward, 
the Young Pretender,'* introduced by sir 
W. Scott in Rcdjauntlet (time, George 
III.), first as "father Buonaventura,'* 
and afterwards as '* Pretender to the 
British crown.'* He is again introduced 
in Waverley (time, George II.). 

Charles Emmajiuel, son of Victor 
Amade'us (4 »///.) king of Sardinia. In 
1730 his father abdicated, but somewhat 
later wanted his son to restore the crown 
again. This he refused to do ; and when 
Victor plotted against him, D'Orme'a 
was sent to arrest the old man, and he 
died. Charles was brave, Mitient, single- 
minded, and truthful.— K. Browning, 
A'l'n;; Victor and King Charles, etc, 

Charles's Wain, the constelladon 
called Tlie Great Bear, a corruption of 
the old English ceorles want (*' the churl's 
or farmer's waggon"), sometimes still 
further corrupted into " King Charles's 

Hel«li bo ! An t b« not foor hy «m 6tty. n ba haiifii. 
Charias* wain to orar tr.« naw cfalminy.— fih n li aa p a af a 
I tfanry ir. act U. «. 1 (Iw:). 

OoaU ha not bag tha loan of Charl<i'» wain. 

Bjrroii. Don Jimm, UL tW {UM| 




Churley [A)^ *a imi^eml, or feitfl *ji 
liftlr on tht chin. 

** IviiMrl^' Uit t«futli*[1x a 'tluji*!.'*— &. M. AptaMi. 
^fe Uirt Jt0 l^it ^Mmd Him, L ft, 

Chnrleff, plw, CVWirfiri^ kii old 

tt'^ n of thv ptiUcc toTce by 

«ir I I, in l)*2l». So rmDisi from 

Chorksa 1., «lio extended a&d impfored 
tbe |M>iic« tyatem. 

ChJLrlot« It me^iften^er from Lit^ to 
4far<i (time, EdwArd IV.). 

Charlotte, the faithful ew^cthcATt af 
youiig Wi;liui>t^ »ujttK>sc4i to haw periabcd 

ChnrtctU, tht dumb pr\ in love with 
f^Aiifier ; but bcr fstAcr^ «ir JikApor, 
wftfilf b«r to mtury Mr. D«pper. In 
orUcf to avoid thii biktcf ul AlUftne«, <1mr- 
tottc prctendii to b« dumb, ikod only 
i,£ti««vrni, " l\%n, hu ban, Imn/' Tli€ 
**m«>ck dtJcUif*' cmpJovB L«iuid«r m bin 
Ap(>tbt>€»ry, Add tJie y<i>in|7 liiAy if goiiii 

cured by **tHll«« ni;i(riMu,niit<*.** [a 

MoliJ^/e'i JL* J <;, Cbiir- 

b^ctc it called joltt** in 

■.ct ii, 6 art ^'.MkiUv rt|.»r*i mmj tb« 
Fn»aeb.— H. Fielding', T/ut Mttck iMxUir. 

r ' '- • ■ ■ ' : ■ ' ' .rn- 

Xh.} . r- 




tk'- .nt 

eiMi. ^ , _ ..led 

Chnrhtfi', itie {>^ft iiwtdHMjrrant of tli« 
tcv.'. Hijr fAthtf wia 

'* ' ^JHlArlott^• i« iraloui 

o^f i — : bcbavfr» ruddy to 

htrr (Mc '> I ;*>njamln llioarjMoiu 

■ •'■■''^rry, A 
wbn iil- 
' tnaaitf* 

•fa lady 

with tbe 

->i, Thif 

V !d» 



— C itickcjit, 

ClmrlutU U , 

i t eaUfvl . Sbr ft«« 1 1 
pafli* aod addrtM i 
i»fvanla of h«r own 
Kddrcaa ber a« *^ 
^Wy Chatlottti" I 

irnuid, nbe if *^* noted for ajpla^iy pair of 
tbick lep," — Rrv, Jamei Toiritiaj, ifij/Jfc 
Z^i/e BtUw Stairs (1769^ 

Charlotte Slisabetb^ wboMN aur* 
name «raa Pbelan^ aftenrmrdi lonna, 
aiitiuir of nuiiierotii booka for cbUdren, 
tAl««, eU% (IH'ifi-lHtii). 

Charlotte GhxxloMld, a mt^rdiant** 
orfi^o daughter of lar^re forlMnri, Sh« 
li fM-at^TiM bv III an V lov-r^i^ and btt 

'.■''.■ W»n aU 


ill off, 

auii ( I i^j^baii, 

eqiijii, ..... . .., ,.,,.. ^ , vu, hul 

bufure be b»vt*d b«?-r " witJi fimr and 
truiitblin^, Uke » mart tbat bivc« to im « 
siddif Tf yet U afniid erf a gim*"^}! Ma<tk« 

Char'niian, a kin i ' -^ ' simple^ 

mioded atl^Jidant on Aft^r 

tbc ijaeetif death, abv i > of tb« 

aaiM to beroiTD arm, and ^hcu dm Roman 
anldicn ratered the room, f^ll domi 
d«ad. — Shakea pc^re^ Anitmi^ ami Citopaira 

Char'tBTlfl (Sir Patrick) of Kiti- 
faijtji. provoit of Pfrtb.— Sir W, Seolfc, 
Fair Muuiaf }*rrth (time, Henry IVO. 

Chart! -1 vmaii {Tkey^ Ber. 

CbarlufKi 1611). 

1^-iartro </ ' r^' u ht), ib« 

1 1* ♦I'f a fan > ' i . ■ ' '::■-: Hie can* 

TVie iir< EM' 1 . M^ter or 

nb W mak. t«!in««|, 

an iioon< rl^^a 

-- i.— Ninon dt^ i - .,-".. 

Oharyllis« in Spenaef'a paatorftl 

CiUm Ciuui't Come llifti*e .4-; - ,,. tj. Udy 

CoiuptOD. ilcr name wax .N :V< 

waa tbc fifth of tbc %\%. da* ir 

John "^ - ■■' * '* f 

the 1 i- 




Of 1> 


£L of A* 




lniM«DdLeoB r758, 791-885 abdkufted, 
died 842). 

Chastity (7Wf« of): Alamam's 
mirror, Arthur's drinking-hom, the boy's 
■Muitle, enttiiig the bfswD*s head, Flori- 
inel*s girdle, the horn of fidelity, U coupe 
CBchaat^ the mantle of fidelity, tne 
grotto of E^^hesns, etc. (See Cakadoc, 
and each article named.) 

Cbatafta en Bspagne. (See 


ClUito6kee» an Indian bird, that 
never drinks at a stream, bot catches the 
rain-drops in falling. — Penod, Account 
of the Baptist MiMaimaries, ii. 809. 
l4PPWi «M tiMM k thai sttMSi ladlMi bM. 

ITho Mfw div* la wthlr Mram brr bm. 
Bai. vkM Ite aMBd of oomlac Ao««n b b«Md. 

SoHlhiy. Omtm^Mtkmmm, %*L • (1800). 

Ohattaxiaoh (iTOaiie), chief of the 
dan aiattan.~Sir W. Soott, Fair Maid 
of Perth (time, Henry lY.). 

Ohat'terley (^fiev. Simon), "the man 
of religion ** at the Spa, one of the manag- 
ing committee. — Sir W. Scott, S. 
lUman*» Weii (time, George III.). 

Chaubert (Mona.), Master Chif- 
finch's cook.-^ir W. Scott, Peveril of the 
Peak (time, Charles II.). 

Chauoer of France, (lUment 
Maroi (1484-1M4). 

ClLau'nUBy Arrogance personified in 
The Purple I$land. by Phineas Fletcher 
(1633). ** Fondly himself with praising 
be dispraised.** Fully described in canto 
viii. (Greek, cAonnos, " vain.**) 

Chau'viniam, a blind idolatry of 
Kapoleon I. Now it is applied to a blind 
idolatry of France and Frenchmen. A 
cAomm is the person who idolizes. The 
word is taken from "Chauvin** in 
Scribe's Soldat Laboureur. a veteran 
soldier of the first empire, whose admira- 
tion of Napoleon was unbounded, and 
who honoured even ** the shadow of his 

Cheap as the Sardin'ians 
(Latin), The reference is to the vast 
crowds of Sardinian prisoners and slaves 
brought to Bome by Tiberius Gracchus. 

Cheap Jack means market Jack or 
Jack the chapman. (Anglo-Saxon, chepe, 
**a market,** hence Cheap-tide.) 

Cheatly (2 sy/.)i & lewd, imprudent 

debauchee of Alsatia (Whitefrian). Hc 
dares not leave the " refuge ** by reaaon 
of debt ; but in the precincts he fleeoM 
young heirs of entail, helps them to 
money, and becomes bound for them**- 
Shadwell, Squire of Alsatia (1688). 

CheHbar, the tutelar angel of Haiy, 
sister of Martha and I^Azarus of Bethany. 
^Klopstock, The Meaaiah, xU. (1771). 

Ched'erasa'de (5 aylX mother of 
Hem'junah and wife of Zebene'zer 
sultan of Cassimir'. Her daughter having 
run away to prevent a forced marriage 
with the prince of Georgia, whom she had 
never seen, the sultana pined away and 
died.-^irC.Morell [J. Ridley], Tales of 
the OenH ("Princess of Cassimir,** tab 
Tu., 1751). 

Chederlee (8 «y/.), a Moslem hero, 
who, like St. George, saved a virgin 
exposed to the tender mercies of a huge 
dragon. He also drank of the waters of 
immortality, and lives to render aid isi 
war to any who invoke it. 

WiMn CbranUi oooMi 
To kid Um Modem on hb dMtblMi boiM. 
. . . M «r] b« iMd iMwtjr qiMflvd 
TIm hiddrn w»tcn of eternal yvnth. 

Souther. J*f» t/Ar«,,9U. ottft. 

Cheeney (fyank), an outspoken 
bachelor. He marries Kate Tyson. — 
Wybert Reeve, Parted, 

Cheerly* (3frs.)^ daughter of colonel 
Woodley. After being married three 
years, she was left a widow, young, hand- 
some, rich, lively, and ^y. She came 
to liondon, and was seen in the opera by 
Frank Heartall, an open-hearted, im- 

f>ul8ive young merchant, who fell in 
ove with her, and followed her to her 
lod^ng. Ferret, the villain of the story, 
misinterpreted all the kind actions of 
Frank, attributing his gifts to hush- 
money ; but his character was amply vin- 
dicated, and **the soldier's daughter** 
became his blooming wife. — Qieny, 
The Soidier's Daughter (1804). 

Mia O'Neill, at the afe of 19. made her dAitf at Uw 
Theatre Kml Crow Street. In ISU. am "Itaa WUov 


Cheeryble Brothers ( The), brother 
Ned and brother Charles, the incaraationi 
of all that is warm-hearted, generous, 
benevolent, and kind. They were once 
homeless boys running about the streets 
barefooted, and when they grew to be 
wealthy London merchants, were ever 
ready to stretch forth a helping hand to 
those struggling against tne buffoli ct 




FIronk Chtsf-r 
Ch«enrbir. \ I 

Chdose. Th« " Usk topping git«iti*** 

CWw f/V,^, »n F^gliati Ifuialstioa 

of tbe Lk »-t*Jt tluit i«, l>r. John 

ChA««s r- who wju b»m in the 

rcigQ 0/ I .j, And died in tlitti; trf 




r wr five 

itilTY . . . aud WW BMT <UicM«rUi« iM'^f Id lUrT 
fMd»4 lor Di^ cfa«Mb ttMt *• 


made r I 
ia tbr 

Dot " crc&m-UrtJi ** bnt 
(!*1 'Hir r-hjif-t' Wa« lit at h« 


. in* 


Cbemiirtry ( Thr Father 0/), Amaiid 
Ghe'moB (cA » ^). ^ (tf tiir MoAbitw; 

iho i-jiIImI TUul-r*ari ;)>*' T'ri.v'riui of 

ii]' ftum 

I: 'irofticil 

M >nmk: fl) 

S«Un, ^J; liciJUcbub, v^j Holocl^ (4) 


Cher^. t}i> lively dauichltf of Itod- 
fftci", Unr' inn ftt UchiifM* — 

(ico, far BmhJ^ Stfaia^0m 

Chtrrtf fAntlrrft), eamio aHat md di»- 

,^j- . ,^... ,^..v. .... . , i... .sy^i^, 

XVX r fP'lM to 

yiowr lhik.r§^ 

<te. He isa^ ^jpctii-^j u4jU;d laf bta ex- 
cellent wigr, 

a Dibdio. 

ftf ^#n*ffn)» e mer- 

uit: iyniAiictot^ 

Churrn on r^u Jijinin a i'aj% 

AAl^iMiNMdC «1I« 

cien ; the 
6f which 

Ch€q'uers« A ^iblte ho( 
«fm* of Fttz-WjSLrrvn. th« be*4 
bcMMiw ia the dmyi ««f the 
««« titvwied wttb tlte power af licflMcng 
TiDttffS Mid tittblic«ii«* 

71^ r J. ....... ... J/.™ v|fi« Arwi, War- 

f Cbt Mirit of 
< povcfed to glut 

iJi ^(iK Cc^^«)| ritttafch, «b» vm 

Cher'ubim (Aju). tht '*btwheli>r «€ 

■ ' ' '»i# of life, And 

may i{)riulile 
liitt MfcLiie iutU wit iu €viiry difedtioa. — 
Umn^ 21W BmMor q/ StUtatumea 


Cher'y, the son of llrucif>ttji (who wm 
the wife of li vin--. i.r,,ti,.-.fc n,«,n«d 
hii cftuftin Fur \i^ 

ff« obtnincd t .r«e 

wonderful thir • jr^*, 

which hid t- ri|M^11^ 

hoiiutir ; i/tr 9i" ^wd the 




>werof I 


in i 


the Utv^vt 





<» KjumUr/' 16<«), 




> roiljhie. — C. I>k)M91M« 



J in 

, , , , .. LET 




OherterfUld (Charka)^ m yoang 
mm ot gcnint, tlM bero aiad title of a 
MfiIk»jMn.TroUopc(lMl). Theolgect 
9i this Bord k to Mtirixe the state of 
lit i fBtiii e in Knglfid, end to hold op to 
eauun anthon, editon, and pnbHahera, 
•eprotfigatc, lelfithy and conapt. 

Chesterfield Houae (London), 
baUt bj Isaac Wan for Philip fonrtii 
carl of Cbenterfield, author of Chester- 
UUPt Uttere to Jiis 3^ (1694-1778). 

Chesterton (Paul), nephew to Hr. 
PsrcT Chaflhtfton, fltock-broker and M.P. 
-T. M. Morton, 1/ I had a Thouaand a 
Tear (1764-1888). 

Chevalier dTndustrie, a man 
who Ihrea by his wits and calls himself a 

UWdMwS* SMmn^ctendhr d» ro*** d» na*» 
tnti, 4ri mdMRhar VHlgpM tan aid. qaalqw fSaaaw qni 
M tea m tmtmmt ffiiyi m Vkmrnrnt rnd t ft m r 

Chewalier "MaJflBt (Le). So sir 
Lsuicelot calls himself after he was cored 
of his madness. The meaning of the 
phrsse is *'The knisht who has done ill/* 
or **Tbe knight wno has trespassed." — 
Sir T. Ifalory, History of Prince Arthur, 
iii. 20 (1470). 

Cheweril (nans), the ward of Mor- 
dent, just come of age. Impulsiye, 
m«oas, hot-blooded. He re8olre8 to 
be a rake, but scorns to be a villain. 
However, he accidentally meets with 
Joanna **the deserted daughter,** and 
falls in love with her. He rescues her 
from the clutches of Mrs. Enfield the 
crimp, and marries her. — HolcrofF, The 
Deserted Daughter (altered into The 

1W pvt dHt phe«d BM tWrnUtr Laof] la tb* poritloa 
•r • I& ciMMdteB WM ^Cbararfl.* In Th* KUmard, 
itend bom Bulcrairi OmmU* O a u fWr i.— W. Luf, 


Chevy Chase is not the battle of 
Otterbum, although the two are mixed 
op together in the ballad so called. Chevy 
^ase is the chase of the earl of DougUs 
among "the Chyviat Hyls** after Percy 
of Northumberland, who had vowed "he 
would hont there three days withoot 
asking the warden's consent.** 

n* P«nC amx ot Northombwlwida^ 

And a TOW* to (*od nutyd ba 
That b* wnUe hnnto In the moantavoi 

Off Cbrvtat wtthin diiy«« Um, 
la nasMT of don^M DoglM 

Aaddl that withhlai be. 

■ fc L 1. 1. 

Chibia'boe, the Harmony of Natore 

personified; a musician, the friend of 
Hiawatha, and ruler in the land of spirits* 
When he played on his pipe, the "brooks 
ceased to mormor, the wood-birds to sing, 
the sqoirrel to chatter, and the rabbit sas 
oprignt to look and listen." He was 
drowned in lake Soperior by the breaking 
of the ice. 

Wm tba fMlto CUMabM ; 
Ha Um bert oC aU BWMActeaih 
~ * (ofaUvr 

Chioaneau [Sh«^M,fur\, a litigiow 
tradesman, in Lee Plaidewrsy by Raeina 

Chiohl-Vaohe (8 syi,), a monstei 
that fed onlv on good women. The word 
means the "sorry cow.** It was all skin 
and bone, becaose its food was so ex- 
tremely scarce. (See Btcorr.) 

O aoMa wjnrS^ fan of bd^ pradaaea^ 
UtaaoabunJIUlayoarUMfllBnajrlt . . . 
Lart Chiebi- VadM jrou cwoUn la bw aatnOa. 

Chiok {Mr,)f brother-in-law of Mr. 
Dombey ; a stoot gentleman, with a 
tendency to whistle and hum airs at in- 
opportune moments. Mr. Chick is some- 
what hen-pecked ; but in the matrimonial 
squalls, though apparently beaten^ he not 
unfrc(^uently rises up the sopenor and 
gets his own way. 

Louisa Chick, Mr. Dombey*s married 
sister. She is of a snappish temper, but 
dresses in a most juvemle style, and is 
persuaded that anything can be accom- 
plished if persons will onlv "make an 
effort." — C. Dickens, Donvbey and Son 

Chicken {Tfte), Michael Angelo 
Taylor, barrister, so called becaose in his 
maiden 8j)cech, 1785, he said, " I deliver 
this opinion with great deference, being 
but a chicken in the profession of the 

Chicken ( The Game), a low fellow, to be 
heard of at the bar of the Black Badger. 
Mr. Toots selects this man as his instruc- 
tor in fencing, betting, and self-defence. 
The Chicken has short hair, a low fore- 
head, a broken nose, and " a considerable 
tract of bare and sterile country behind 
each ear." — C. Dickens, Dombey and £km 

Chiokens and the Augrora. 

When the augurs told Publius Claudiof 
Pulcher, the Roman consul, who was 
about to engage the Carthaginian fleet, 
that the sacred chickena would not ee^ he 




iMt Iher m«v drink,'* 


rtan, who kc«pi « 

^^exii. ... ■' >>• «" •"" 'trrAm^ 

imo^nM fi , the 

l>«rt«riif Sir Jito*, 

Chfok'weed <Ci»»4ry. lU. l?'o«ry)» 

the man whn robbed htinMOf "- t 

licetmfHj rtrtiial [rr otl tk« jk»«i 
■n<i gave out th*t he Lad bi ^ 
i27 i^uiDeai " by 1 tall man witli a blu-k 
fpftt^'h 0T« his ej'e." Fie ira» macti 
pfrtcd, and ptim«r»ttji iab»cnptions were 
wade 00 hit behalf. A deutetive was 
MAt to exantioe inta the " rtibberv/' and 
Chickweed woiihl - ' ..^. -.. r. i- 
Bii.l nm after th 
i,n m rfmuderabif i 

ti>fbt of him. Tjj±4 uccurrvd uvci hcjiI 
oi«r i^i^m, and at last the deiectii.^ said 
Uf bin), '" Pve found out who done this 
Yv.n^ n»bltenr," ** Hare y<mV" «aid 
i-fai k»feed, '"Ye*,** aayt Spveti, **ytm 
dooe it yoanelf.** And to he had.— C. 
Dickeiu, 0/uw- TWmI, xxxi. (lM:i7). 

CMTflnch {Master Thoffuki), aiifU 

Will 8mithf a friend of Richard Gan- 

It?!'*** f? ^;^). The luivate emiajiarY fi( 

( waa employed by the 

hant to cairy ofl Alice 

J , \ ^lieball, bat the captirc 

I manicd Julian Teveril* 

itcA, mutreafe of Thomaa Chif- 

UiMi^T-iu W, Scott, PfveHl o/ Ot Piujfc 

(time, Charles U.). 

/^ A 

^k-.^t__ -_ — „^jj toldier, litn- 
n.^ci, in Paab^.^ 
r, Tike Mtid Lo^>er 

Child. The oatea of Ihb bank tw^r a 
mutriffittd, bceaiiM thia Aow^ 
tradcHBark <rf **BlaiKibani 
The «fi«^nal "inarip>ld*' i^ 
iecfi in tlie froftt u%c<*., with tlie (iiuLU> 
iliiif* mm ame,*—ii€t i-'i^rft L^milm Dtre*^ 


Wliknni* liMHltailO* S«J 

Child of Nature ( J^), ft pUj by 

Mn, lochbild, Anaiitia b Ibe ••eMld ol 
Natarc" She wa« the dattjGchter of A)- 1 
berto, banished ** bjr an onitiflt miiIciic*,** 
and during his exile he left hii daugkttf 
luidar the charge of the man^uii Almaoja. 
Amanti* wm broiifht np in tMal i,g^rane« 
of the wtiHd aoJ^ the paaaioQ-prituMplM 
which twajr it, but felt ^ralefiit U» her 
gisardian, and »cM:in diacoyerrd that wttat 
fthe called " ^mtlCiule ** the wnrU ntlU 
'♦lore,' Her' > ' 

bifl dent^nce 
allowed^ just ' . 
in aiamage to L'u icwad MiiumsA, 

Child of the Cord. So tht defead- 

ant waa called by the judges cf the 

Vebin-gericht, in Weetphalm; bacanae 

t-sf'Tv nne condemned bv the tribunal waa 

T o the Uranch uf a tree. 


Sbakeapeare vm, 
that'ft £oirvni«d bj ft 
fl act li. AC. 3). 

Childe Harold* a nu 

the world, who r<Nimi from nlace to pl«M, 
to kill time and eacape miQi himadll. 
The *'chiJde" is, ia fact, Wd ByMi* 
hiQi*elt who waa unly 21 when b^ Mgia 
the pticm, which wa4 completed in aeven 
vwn. In canto L the *' childe** vlsita 
ri>rt.ti^iU and Spain (18<J0){ in canto ii. 
Turkey in Kurope (1810) ; in canto Hi. 
Belgium and .Switzerland (H16) ; and in 
canto tv. Venica, Rome, and Florence 

(" Childe ** ia a title of honour, aboot 
tantamount to **l^fd/' a« childe Watcift, 
childe Rotande, childe Triatzftin, dkilda 
Arthur, childe Chitdera, etc) 

Chil'dars (A'. W. B,), one of the 
ridera in Sleaiyt dnma, noted for hia 
Tftitlttog and ccckleaa riding in the cha* 
nct^r of the ^* Vl'tld H untaman of the 
Prairies." Thif cow3p<Jund uf groom 
and actor marriea Joaepbtne, Sleary'i 

hxidcrmifuUt Ch>tdrr^, Bcm of the 
known in n m 

." lie 19 II with 

_>. . . Jac« and fatti.. _. — - b.oUjr 

iirvoud hiN y^n*— 4J* J>ickc3M, Hardi 

raiird at h 

tumii^: ia^it'Cftrt 

old, a&i ■• wmny 

ehUdreu as there »rc da^ i ux ft fmM* ftad 







OB Good FridAj, \i7<^, the 
I broi«iit forth 866 at on« bifth ; 
■Q Iht imIw wore chiMteaod John, uid 
■Q Iht fcaulM EiiMaUtk, They wei« 
I ato Tillofpe near La Hague, ^^nd the 
' \m atiU ahown in which tbcy wen 


Children in the Wood. ^^ Utile 
■on (three yean old) and yfixm$^ 
denghtw (Jane), left bjaNorf&lk ^Dtl«- 
«an on his death-bed to the care of his 
ileff Bffd wife*! brother. The hoy wni to 
hart £800 a year on coming of ^t, and 
the gill £M0 aa a weddins portion \ but 
if tM children died in thttr miimdty the 
■oaqr waa to go to the node. The 
ando, in order to eecnre the property^ 
hired two rafllana to morder the L-biJd7«af 
bsA one of them relented and killed hit 
coMoanion; then, inatead of murdering 
Om babea, he left them in Wayhind Wood, 
where thej gathered blackbemu, but 
died at ni^t with cold and terr^^r. Alt 
things went ill with the OTirJe, who 
prriihed in gaol, and the mffian, after m 
lapee of wven yeare, confessed tbe wh&le 
Tillamy.— Perey, BeOqueSt III. ii. IS. 

Children of the Mist, op« of the 
branches of the MacGregors, a wild fftc« 
of Scotch Highlanders^ who huA & ikir- 
mish with the soldiers in pursuit of Dal- 
gettT and M*Eagh among the roeke 
(ch/ U).— Sir W. Scott, Legend <?/ JtfcpfO- 
nm (time, Charles 1.). 

Chillip {J>r.)y a ph3r8iciati wbo at^ 
tended Mrs. Copperfield at the birth of 

B« WM Uw BMkMC of hb Ht. lb* mfldMl irf StU* HB. 
-€. ndmm, JDmM Otppm^Uld. L (IS*). 

Chillon' (Prhoner o/)t Frnn^mt de 
Bonnirard, of Lunes, the Gencve^e pa- 
triot (1496- 1571), who opposed thcetiier- 
prises of Charles III. (the duke hiabop 
of Savoy) against the independence of 
Qeneva, and wa? cast by hiui into the 

{>rison of Chillon, where ho wa£ confined 
or six years. Lord Byron niak€i him 
one of six brothers, two of whom died 
on the battle-field; one was burnt at 
the ftake, and three were idipriflonicd 
at Chillon. Two of the prironvrs died, 
but Francois was set at liberty hj Ihe 
people of Berne.— Byron, fVwoNer of 
Chillon (1816). 

Chil'minmr', the citv of •* forty 
pillan," built by the genii for a lurking- 
;>Uce to hide themselves in. Balbec was 
also boilt by the genii. 

Ghim^ne {la Bttk) or Ximt^ 
diujchter of count Lc»xiLno de Qofina% 
wife of the Od, After the Cid'i death 

she defend td YAleatia from the Moorf 
with ^mi brav«i7% but without attccesi. 
CorDciUe and Guilhem do CsJitro har^ 
Introduced her in tbetr trag edies, but tb« 
rdk they represent her to hare taken, it 
wholly imaginftry* 

China, a comtptioo of I^owi, the tet^ 
ritory of Tsin, The dynasty of Tsin 
(n,c. 2o6-202) takes the same pcsilion in 
Chinese bistorr as thnt of the Notnans 
(founded by iVuiiam the Conqueror) doe* 
in En^liflb blriti^rv. The founder of the 
Tsin dyasstj built the Great Wall, divided 
tlte empire into thirty-^ix prftvincea, and 
mad« roads or canals in e\'«ry direction, 
so that virtuiUly the empire Segins with 
this dynasty. 

Chtnam&n (>/a4ii}, a man of (^htna. 

Chindasuin'tho (-1 ^L)j king of 
Spain, fathc^f of Thood'ofrcd^ and zrand- 
f&ther i>f Roderick last of the Gothic 
kingi*— ^tiUiey, Hnd^ridt, He, (1814), 

Chlnaae Philosopher {A). Olirer 
Goldsmith, in the Citucn of ihtt Worid^ 
callu his book ** Utters from a Ouneso 
Philoaopher residing in London to hia 
Friends in the iEast'- (IT&9)* 

ChingAohcook, the ladmn cbkf, 

called in trench U Oroa SrrpenL F«u- 
more Cooper has intrfiduced this chitf in 
four of hi» novels^ The Last of the M<i- 
Aicwiw, The Paajinder, The Uterftajfer^ 
and The Pi 

Chintsi (^fl''j/)i Wrt> Bloomfleld'i 
Tnaid, the beapcike of Jem Miller.— C 
Selby, The UnjinisAcd Qimii^inan, 

Chi'oe {The Man o/>, Homer^ wh» 
lived at Oiio* [KY.m], At least Cbiof 
was one of the teren cities which laid 
chijm to the b«*rd| according to the Latin 
hexameter verse : 

Qhira'&ide ihvcMfi). ponlterer at 
Wolfs Hope vilia|5e,-Sir W. Scotl^ 
Bride of JUnwrasTtaow (time, William 11L)> 

CM^ron, a centaur^ renowned for tiia 
skill in buntmff, medicine^ musics jtyni nif- 
ties, and tifophecv. I It numbered Hiiiotn; 
hi* pupils, Athllks, TeleuB, Dioroedfe, 
and indeed all the most Dot«d beifiee of 
Gf«cian story. JuDitCf took him I* 




bMnnefi, Mid mad^ Mm tfat efnuMllftlton 

« tain 

[ vr of 

Chirrup (/f#/ 
Mr. 8owcrbCTfy i; 

Chitlin^ {T'-'m), ono otthr« 
,,r ~ ■ WBJ 

l!....^.., :.. 1.,..^...-, , JW»/ 

Chivalry fTV HoiB«r o/J, WUliun 
Dotiii^la*, Urd of LtdderlAle (fovutecath 

Chlo^9 {Klit'.K], the lihcphenlcu 
Wlo^ed by. I'Abhriit, in tlie uuilonit 

n^miitice cjillcd /' '^ ■ -f CIm^ by 

LoEifEiui. St. Fi^rr i pami md 

CMt/e or rmtlitfr CtW, ^ Prior aUl« 
Ut«. CwoUivre (IG^U-t733). 

Chlo'ris, the Aooieiit Greek itmnt of 

Chon nv«r of Suak^oA, 

ttoU^ y of ]t» fTAter. 

Til* Pt^si»^i ^iti^o u«t?.i to eiMT]r a »ujfS' 
«i«iit quaaljijr of il wiUi there wliea 
joQinoyittr, to that freotint to other 
««ier roifjTlit ooi bt ieq«iitd. 

11! lin-nr of Cfcl- 




f TAd 

I Oh 

« Unk North 
' one frf til,* [lUiAt 


, Ch,. 




i I J Ait i,\t^A\t\sy fVvefil. — 
, i'cterU of the YWI (time. 

erected io xim mx^a of MoDte£um« 

wnipcmr of Mexico iUflif^-Xh'm, iM 
Umm* U H?9 fe4<t Mch nidrf or doubit 
that of tfi« ]«r|r«*t Egyptian pyramidi bol 
its keighi doc« not exc«4id lt>4 f««t. 

Choppard {Pierrt), 
of tbievo^ called ' * The U ^ 
wked a diaacreeable que 


lU ask my wife, 


memory V ao ilipp«iry/'-'&lirftid iitirlitig, 

Chonues. The fallowing «re dntid- 

f '-ounw! KvUiti in ori^n :— 

, iUrry down I " (for dun t 

ftftnl), rh^ii i«, **Tfv th# 



'11 ! 
** 1 Hia 

tit' , . '^ .-nm- 

pli'ik^i liA circlt^. '* K»l, Wif, ItHj I ' (for 
filla iritr tu f.ii^A]), that iJi, ^* The cirole 

of '> :..-*. II.., „...:. - -nlcj- 

Ih-'' 'ligh 

tr' j'rtiA 

.9 .'*'i4iii 

\i^r t! hudtt 

nil th« fti^ 

b iie itit>ka 

Chriemhil'dA. (See ander K.) 

Chriaom Child (^>, a child that diea 
irithin a inooth of ita birth. So called 
bwaiise it h buried in the w)ut« cloth 
anoinfed with cAruwi (oil and balm), iron 
at ita ba|)li«iii» 

Io Anlmr'i bratuB. *A maim » Ancr * 
jM«t . . tt larulrd u' r '"' 

ChiiBtaJidHisApc^ * 

mMDttuDed that Christ »' 
like Itercukd and bii lai 
cousldered a mere allegorv uf Ua4' < 
the twelve 0igna of the jcodiac. 

Christ's Victor ha. 

a poetu in four \mr hitr 

nip 10); Part i. ' in 

llcAVen/' wbeti lie r> v Itb 

Mercy, by taJciag ou of 

huntao doAh ; [lart 11, \ iir':^< >• i ruiTotih 
tin ItArth/' when Re was lirtl »tp into ike 
wiI<i<Tnr),«. nml wnji trrtijitf! Viv PfP- 
Mill f»art 

ii). . h4SB 

Ik ^. , ,-,,. *.. ^x^i«t*f 

Trinmiih after i»eath," in lh« itamm ikP 





(Sm Paradisic Rk- 

Ghri^tabel (ck^k)y the bcmifM of 
ftfti gitnti y poem «f tlio mom title by 

drifteM^ the heroine of en ancient 
lomenee entitled Sr Uglamour of Artois, 

Chxlstabelle iKr9t^,ta.ben, dsQghter 
of «a bonnie king of Ireland,** beUiyed 
by fir Gaaline (3 tyL) When the king 
knew of their loreot he baniahed sir 
Canltne from the kingdom. Then aa 
Chriitabelle drooped the king held a 
toomament for ner amiuement, every 
prize of which was carried oif by an 
■nknown knight in black. On the 
last day came a giant with two "gog- 
gling eyes, and mouthe from ear to 
ear,^ called the Soldain, and defied aU 
comeiB. No one wonid accept his chal- 
lenge saTe the knight in black, who 
sncceeded in killing his adversary, bat 
died himself of the wounds he had 
lecefved. When it was discovered that 
the knight was sir Caoline, the lady 
**fette a sighe, that burst her gentle hearte 
m twayne.*— Perev, ^tf/i^iKW ("Sir Can- 
line,"!. L 4). 

Cbristiail, the hero of Bunyan*s 
allegor}' ddled The PUgrmCs Progress. 
He flees from the City of Destruction 
and jonmeys to the Celestial City. At 
starting he has a heavy pack upon his 
shoulders, which falls off immediAtely he 
reaches the f6ot of the cross. (The pack, 
of course, is the bundle of sin, which is 
removed by the blood of the cross. 1678.) 

OkristicMj a follower of Christ. So 
called first at Antioch,— Acts xi. 26. 

Oiristiati, captain of the patrol in a 
small (jerman town in which Mathis is 
Dorgomaster. He marries Annette, the 
burgomaster's daughter. — J. K. Ware, 

Ouristkmy synon3rm of ** Peasant '* in 
Russia. This has arisen from the abund- 
ant legislation under czar Alexis and czar 
Peter the Great to prevent Christian serfs 
from entering the service of Mohammedan 
masters. No Christian is allowed to belong 
to a Mohammedan master, and no Moham- 
medan master is allowed to employ a 
Christian on his estate. 

Chigtian II, (or Christiem)^ king of 
Njrwav, Sweden, and Denmark. When 
the Dalecarlians rose in rebellion against 
his and chose Gustavus Vasa for their 
r, a great battle was fought, in which 

the Swedes were victoriom ) bntGtntefW 
allowed the Danes to return to tliair 
country. Christian then abdicated, and 
Sweden became an independent kingdoiil* 
— H. Brooke, Gusiaxus Vasa (1730;. 

ChrisfUan (Edward), a conspiratoc 
He has two aliases, " Richard Ganlesse ** 
(2 suL) and " Simon Can'ter." 

Colonel WUliam Christian, Edward'a 
brother. Shot for insurrection. 

Fcnella alias Zarah Chrisiian, danghtet 
of Edward Christian.— Sir W. Sc4^ 
PeverU of the Peak (time, Charles II.). 

Oiristian {Fletcher), mate of th« 
Bounty, nndcr the command of captaus 
Blighj and leader of the mutineers. 
After settinjg the captain and some others 
adrift, Qmstian took commimd of tlie 
ship, and, according to lord Byron, the 
mutineers took refuge in the island of 
Toobouai (one of the Society Islands). 
Hero Torquil, one of the mutineers, mar- 
ried Neuha, a native. After a time, a 
ship was sent to capture the mutineers. 
Torquil and Neuha escaped, and lay 
concealed in a cave ; but Christian, Ben 
Bunting, and Skyscra|)e were shot. This 
is not according to fact, for Christian 
merely touched at Toobouai, and then, 
with eighteen of the natives and nine 
of the mutineers, sailed for Tahiti, where 
all soon died except Alexander Smith, 
who changed his name to John Adams, 
and became a model patriarch. — Byron, 
TJte Island. 

Christiaii Doctor (Most), John 
Charlier de Gerson (1363-1429). 

Obristian lUoquence ( The Founder 
of), Louis Bourdaloue (1632-1704). 

Christian King (Most). So the 
kings of France were styled. Pepin te 
Bref was so stvled by pope Stephen 111. 
(714-768). Charles II. le Chauve was 
so stvled bv the Council of Savonnibres 
(823,*8-10-«77). Louis XI. was so stvled 
by Paul II. (1423, 1461-1483). 

Christian'a {ch=k), the wife of 
Christian, who started with her children 
and Mercy from the City of Destruction 
long after her husband's flight. She was 
under the guidance of Sir. Greathearc, 
and went, uicreforc, with silver slippen 
along the thorny road. This forms thj 
second part of Bunyan's Pilgrim's Pro- 
gress (1684). 

Chris'tie (2 syl.) of the Clint HilL 
one of the retainers of Julian Avenel (i 



•W*).— Sir W. Scott, Tht MtmoMtenf (tim% 


jMmt NtHy Chfiitit^ hit prrttj wife, 
carried oil bv lord Dalgamo. — bir W. 
Scfttt, /Ir/iMi** m/ A%>/ (aitie^ Jmmm I.). 

Christi^nft, datu^ht^r of dinstian !I. 
kifig of Denmark, dw^den, vtd Nonray, 
&b« ifl tonight io oiarriafe by prince 
AtrVdm •adhf Gmtmvm YMa: but Uie 
pnoee abandon* hu elaim in fBTmir of 
hii friend. Afl*r th« girat battle, in 
Vbich CJiriitiaa li defe*Led by Guatavut, 

Oi^ '" ' '-- father, and plead! 

%> dt HeiAMDt 
bu ' hi"! men, with- 
out raoptftn, but r. .t Sweden 
b mnettA lnt« t »^ dom.— H, 
Brookf^ 0tt4t4ttU4 ! . , , , 

Chris' tine (2 ty/,), a pn^tty, lancy 
young woman io the service" of the 
coualcii Marie, to whom afae i& devotedly 
attacbad. After the rcrapttire of Flmeat 

l>^ U,, from whom 

*(' . Heing set at 

li- utiirrits the counteaA, — 

E /ur /^moa^ c/ SiaU (1IW7J. 

cnnstxnaa comee but Once a 
Year,— TuiwsT, fw ilimdrmt Points af 
0w4l MvMbamdrj/ (1557). 

Christmas B«7, called "the dav 
of new ctothea," ffom an old Frencn 
cnatofB of giving those who bdonged to 
•In eonrt new cloaks on that day. 

On nrtwwi ■>» lan. ijb*kii«r£*»«ti/,| tM4« «n 
Ml MM %• pn art •! «irK» wnlna wMi, *i iiw 

AuaiOW ••* «» TCOMMi la« M« cIm4. fWt If HM. 
•M ««M |0 . . . iU Ik* 4iir MM, AMI) nna *« o« kil* 
M|M««^ <fclirt<W h >t l i>WWd " tiM iTHMilHf tov/'— 

Chrifl'topher f.'^f.K a udnt of the 
Konnan and < . hei, said iu havn 

lived in th* 

«lb 10 1 
only Uit! n 
eaifMsror wa« 

hi« s^rn u*', 




mtfoM a d««| sirvaoi* 

iry. Hia f>a(pin 

dy WM twdve 

• I j'o the land of 

a v<iw t4> nerve 

rtkiD^ tlje 

lie entered 


levU. and 

¥iiut one 

imall ehild waa carried menm hfhim^ 
but proved to heavy thai Ollerua, tboogll 
% hnse giaafct was well-ni^h bume down 
by tJbe wei^L This diUd wsa Jrgus, 
who chanj^ the giant's name t<> CArtJXa> 
/eriM, ** bearer of Chiist."' He died three 
days aftenrardSt and was canon t tea. 

Upoa ttM 1«M of la* MMKOHiOi vam. 

Chioniflle ( TA^ Sajtim)t an historinil 
protc work to An^lo-i^Jton* down to iht 
reign of Henry H., a.i>. ilM. 

Chroniclei'8 {Antjti>~yunnan)t a 
series of writers on British history ia 
verse, of ver^ early date, Geffmy Gai- 
mar wrni* his Anglo-Norman chrnnicia 

bef< It IS a bisUr nt 

the n kinf^. "^ 

WT«'': i'Anjjfetcm ''It 

of J-Ju-jiatuIj in eight-svllabi^L: v efat;, and 
preMoled bjB work to Henry IL It was 
Dcgvo tti IKU, and tlnished In 1170. 

CAnmiclrrB |/xifiVi>^ historical writers 
of the cleveniii and twelfth centaries. 

Chronkieri (i?Av»n*«!7), a series of 
writers on l^n^'liin »T"it,.rv from tht 
tlilrteeoth ceniiir>'. ' led are? 

Latamon (called'** 1 1 inniiis'*) 

biiAiop of Eni: (I216J. 

Kolkert of (3 Ion a narra- 

ttve of Brittflb i Isnding 

of Brute to tlie cloiN^ uf Uie retj^ of 
Henry HI. (• to IJ72). Ko dat« is 
assigned to the coTomg of Bnaie, but he 
wjw the »un of SiJvias June's* (the third 
geoemtioo from ^neas, who escaped from 
Troy, n.c. 1 lti3), so that the date may be 
aaaumed to be n.c, l(r/«<, thus giving a 
scr»]ie of 2300 srur- t - tb- cTirontcle, 
<The rer»e of 1 i-bt and 

six syllables ti , so as to 

form Uoes of ii'uii«ii r -- -h.) 

R/^bert de Hrunne, whose - >o 

two ^larU. Tlie ftrst end* ^^ vth 

of L':adwallader, snd the S4v <>ud v»jlii tlie 
dt*th of Edward L The earlier parts art 
■im liar to the Anglo- Norman chronicle ol 
Wace* (The verse is octo-syllabk.) 

Chroniolea of Canongate, cer- 
tain storicM »i]pfKiicd to have bt-^o written 
by Mrs. ftlaitha Beth use Baliol, a lady 
of (quality and fortune^ who li%eid, whea 
in Minburghf at Baliol t^Hl)nQ^% in the 
Can(lt^;mt«» These tates were written 
aliha nqvtmi of h<r oousto, Mr. Gral^ 
aikgiy, by whom, at her dentil, thcf 
wait Mibuahed* The tir«t scriea conimlni 





Idd 7%4 .?wr^f<Mi'ji J^ctH^Aifr^ [ftfUrw»rd4 
fr-mrivcd from this urieiL The stecood 
•eiie« coBt*io» Tke Fatr Maid of PertL — 
Sir W, Scwtt, "OiKHiidei of Omongitft'* 
(intrwlDctioa to The Mti^nd Wtdtfv). 

Bfi itrikfti Both bard m 'can. frcnerd of hi« 
) lar fiiving him lualic4 pork^ uid 

MjiBb ** Kim M gre&t ■« Chroaoli^ 
Wtentiwloipw mn in«de a beftrty tneal 
«i VGise."^ The kiog ciJls his i^estemL a 
tnitm-. " Tiaitor in Lhy teeth, '' retort* 
^ gcoeisl^ Tb«r fij^i^i and th« kiu^ 
dm* — H. Gu«7, ^!|re^«<?nA«£09UAW()(^ {& 

Ohryealde' (2 iv/.), friMid of Ar- 
•olnhe. — MoUer«, L^oitt* dei Fmunea 

Cniryttale (i vjfDt ■ timple-iiiizidfid, 
ki»-|Mck«l F^«iodi Indesmaa, wbrtse wife 
PkUuninbe (S ff L> n^l^cts facr boxj^e for 
thci levQAil langnageai, women 'a rights,, 
iiod tbc! ftriitocrmcT of raind. He is niui- 
•elf & plAin pr44jt]cal niiLn, who iV&i no 
fTMpuLy with the /lOj &J'if£f movciDicDt. 
H« kji4 Iwo dmoghten, Arnumdfi (2 fi//.) 
tad llenri^lte, boUi of whooa love Cli- 
tondre J byt Armmndij, who li * *' hltie- 
ttwkingj" lovei him pUUiDicly ; whik 
BezLrifittei who it « ** thorough wommn,^^ 
love* him with wom&n'i love. Chryule 
iid«» with hii dAU^bter Henriette, Aud 
wbea hm MU into oiODey dimcultiea 
ihrcaifb the ** leuned procUvitiei "" of his 
wife, Chtandre comfia funvu-d like ■ 
raiui, Asd obt«tuj» the coDitt'ni of both 
Hr^iti l& his marriiigc with iieiifiette,-^ 
Holiere:, L& fctmnaSaviinif* (1G72J. 

Olu^fMi'or (ah =L k)^ the iwnfd of 
«ir AftJtipl, whidi ''^exceeded all othef 
fwonb.** It once b«laQged to Jove, and 
vmi lued by him Aguoitt the Tllimi^ but 
h had he«a kid uidc till Astnu guvs 
k to the Ivni^ht of Jit^tice. 
or ■ 

*«* Tbejpoel telU tu il wi« brokeo to 
^_eM by Kuligmul qunsi of the Ama^ 
■ooi (blu ▼* 7)t yet it re-»ppeAm whole 
ttud Hmnd (e&lito 12), wh^n itis u»ed with 
(ood KiTEce i^DAt Gnmtorto (fA^f fpirif 
«f rabetiMM}. Upaaatr payn it wju t^&llcd 
IBfTi«i»r befsiuMi "the blwk wu g«r^ 

' Iftllwitli^old.'' 

CArj/jii/c-rf flon of Neptune and Uedn W 
Be miLnried Ca.lLir'rhocI (4 atfL), one at 
the Kn^ayidpbi, 

ObiTH«r rkiiwc oul of Lhn ml, 

GhiTBeiB [JTfiMK^.iu]^ djiDgbtei' of 
ChryiGs pri«at of Apollo. Hhe was 
famed for ber b«aoty and her embroidery. 
Duriog the Trojan war i^ayatkti was ukea 
captive and allotted lo AgafnemQoii 
king of Argoa, but her father came to 
tAnaoin bet. The kiDg would not accept 
the offered ranflom^ and Chr>'iii pra^red 
that a pla|g;ue might flail on the Urccian 
<ukmp. Hi* iirayer wna answered, and 
in order l*i iivert the plague Airamemnrm 
cent the lady back to her father not only 
without raiuom but with cmtly gift*.' 
Home?, liiadt u 

ChryBoetoni, a famous tdiolar, who 
died for love of Man^li^ "rich Wil- 
Uam'0 daiight«r." 

tTulniM bi kurah ia sod wit, tm vm fdmrv la 


tn * vQrtl, i>q« of tito 
tcKMtJiM of twvt, wvt mismd to navm (a 

Chucka, the boatswain under ULjptaia 
SHvage.^^'aptaia Harrj'at^ i*fftfr i^ptt 

ChuTfey, Anthony Chuiilewitt'i old 
clerk, almost in hi4 dotage, bul tuatter 
and Diaa love «<ch other with ainoereit 

Chufftj ten bHc^ lnt(9 b tUdk eorMr m am d4m vH^ 

Hithrr HVEi, niw ti^^knl , . , htb uneti, vIimi 1 ell^ »f 
(an iTAi iiTati biiu. ta vhlcb tw ««• «*q tg pixk lib 
bttmd w i frt a nV^ ljP. . Hd rvaulbnt, «» it ww^s, (ktwio 
B|i, a mif Im^a. •ipm^T* uf mcli a viftiroiu procHi ^lo 

ChtUkSa (Xla)^ vvry bngo iind bulky. 
Chunck! wot the largest elephant ever 
broiitcbt to England, Henry llaniif 
mun^j^r of Covent Garden, 'bought it 
f<^r i:^>0 to appear m the pantomime of 
Narieqmn PminwrtabOf in 1810. It was 
nilwequently lold to Crois, the pri>- 

firietor of Exeter 'Change. Cbuni^e at 
ength became nuid» and was shot by a 
detachment of the Guards, leceiving I5i 
wounda. Tho skeleton la preserved in 
the mnseum of the College of Sttrgeotw, 
It ia II feet 4 incbcs high. 

Charcll. /vo iodkw^ to hear God 
bntiifdtl^ tiGt the \tf¥f. Thia wai the wise 
Wt severe rebuke of Geozg« til. to Dr. 
Wilion, ef St, Margutjff Church, l^o*- 



Oburoh built br Voltaire, 

TotUire th<* Athcid built at F.rn* y a 1 

i"< urch, imd had if 

1 1 r.» it, " X>au erei ' 

< 1 tlie lif** of Cowun ^ , .... .... 

^ he km>w« nflt lo mthom 

indifim. Tbis 
f'f Jcf*n»y Ika- 

th*m V' ' ^—1 ■•■-/. 

Chua'&lewlt (jlnlAoai^), coatia of 
Marti a i'hti^zlcwit Uie gmndlaiber. 
Atitliotiy is »ti aviiricuiit* old bimkB, 

yrnud of ha^nn^ 6rr>ugfcii up bi» M>fi 
Qti*P to be aa m^n anrl (ji^iu^ping «a 
himfelf. Hi* two rcdr«iiiiin^ i-ointa are 
tie ■iiT»'vt!Mfi fHf bieiold KrTant Chuffpy, 
t ^9 ot Jonat After hi« 

|ii^lMi« ta a Ml} fiMTow i 

» M hatm Vt mm. . .ua li«> 

■Ml aat lat (.U «M liHil M»f Mirtr twM«Ma.-CI>«^ 

On * 


y, of 

VilUlQ fl Oil. 

tYTunny. He 

,7. tic V 

; 11191 urck ffom thn ^';m 

if to 

IMl M* jwntir n>» tu£ all I 
pail^t if ClM if«« water. MMl on^f Uduti mm MM 
0«^ mn Ki U» iun»Min cMUlonit of Jir»«MtM4 *i«^* 

»ff ti*^ B^ fMiurtum iMktii MKpvHi u -4aA^ ti 

Mitrtin Cfius ztctnl:^ $fn.^ gnwdfather 
tit Lhfi Lrn> of titp lutnic naiiic. A atcrn 
oifl Trnn, \t-yin*r feiti,'! hrnrt httn been 

trmib1«a asd faaTdsbip* be nvkdarppm is 

** F'lt n ** rcvmplrtoly traiufnnn hiro. tnd 

rue* wftrthy of Marr Gruuin, 

> ittarrifip.— C. IHckeni^ Martin 

^. .^ (IM4), 

Oliyndo'iiAX, a chief draid* wbtm 
tomb (with a Grt^k tnfenplion) wai 
diac<>vcr«d iie«r DijoQ, iq 1&&K 

Cifloco* f"? fi/AV <i k:!i]Tt«.ii. ip<»ken to 
bv 'heTUll>« 

en*].- .,., ., . ;„..,..; • •^ T^^Ct" 

and 14 not a prorxer nnn v a 

«7inbf>Iic&l one. — lianUs / 0), 

Oanm, llif dlrv ikfl limai plkrv aw mwi^h. 


Cicero. ^Vbcn thft i^real Eotnsn 

orator was £;iven up by Auguttni in the 
rercn^ of Anlony, it w%s a cobbler who 

c<^ndu<rted the dean i to F< - ■■ ' :Th^/ 

Cieero hiwl flc<i in a Itti- to 

tv ftsL. Hf!* brtirrr fiva 

■ "!c thcni^ aud 

I unviable noto- 



ddero of thi British SmaU^ G«org« 

At*rT» M< ^mw', J<sui Ilaptiat« Maft- 

nyt J(ihi3 «t«etor of 

.»m llitt, emfJ 
. Laau5 Ctelius 


^rpf JoHann Stunn, 

Cicle'nius. So Chaucer eaila Mer- 
eury. He wai named L\Ht^nim froni 
mnuot Cylie'a^f io Pelopattae«ua| wh£f« 
he wa« bom. 

(jk^rfw fiff Ilia !• M* <» i)wa*^ L^ 
CitoA>r, CkMpI ^ jr«i« Mtf r.^M* nan}. 

C?id ( T^rV - !^id of S^-r^^^f, iliw 

- r .^ , ., V - ' ■ " ■ ^ 0. 


iiiurct lu 

/f, /vn.. tht JJUKTO I'f 

•i> te haa baa 

»axi*u . . - .. ^, - -li ai Hfrt b4> 

It both velliiii and exacuiig ^ bai tlie 


aiu- -'- 


aad i|iuUcil tll# 



Has ■— iMiii hk ▼■wili, mmI nuurdied 
igpiMt the Moon, whoih he conquered 
a wreml bettlee, lo thai Alphonso was 
Mc eM itotwl to recall him. Both Cor- 
neflle and Gmlhem de Cantro have 
■dnirable tngedies on the sabject; 
Roet Neil has an Engliah drama called 
Tk§ CU; Sanehes, In 1776. wrote a 
long poem of 1128 ▼enet, called Poema 
JH Cid Campoador, Sonthey, in hii 
CknmioU of At di (1808), haa collected 
all that ia known ox thia eztiaordinary 


(It waa Tht 0(1(1686) which gained for 
Oomeme tiie title of '* Le Qrand Ck>r- 

Tkt ddTM Pktker, don Diego Lainez. 

Tke CktM Moiher^ dofia Teresa Nuftez. 

Thg CkFt Wife^ Xime'na, daughter of 
eount Lozano de Gormaz. The French 
oaU her JLa JMle Chiming, but the r6le 
aaeribed to her b j Comeille ia wholly 

Kotv BMM «• IhiM mm cMlte 

Tk* Ctd. 

TKt ad's Children, His two dau^ters 
were Elvi'ra and Sol ; his son Diego 
Rodriquez died young. 

The Ckfs Iforae was Babieca [either 
BahXi'Mh or Ba.bee'.keh], It survived 
ita master two years and a half, but no one 
was allowed to mount it. Babieca was 
buried before the monastery gates of 
Valencia, and two elms were planted to 
mark the spot. 

Tkoth It toodir WM and pleMuit 
T» iMbold hln at ttidr hcMl. 

AD la bbU M BaMeow 
Aad to Urt ttM words ha Mid. 

(Here "Babieca** is 4 sv/., but in the 
fwse above it is only 3 syt!) 

Th€ ad's Swords, Cola'da and Tizo'na 
(•• terror of the world **). The latter was 
taken by him from king Bucar. 

(Sd {The Portwfueae), Nunez Alva'rez 
Perei'ra (1360-1431). 

Cid Hamet Benengmli, the hy- 
pothctical author of 2>ofi Qtiixote, (See 

Spanish commentators have discovered 
this psendonvm to be only an Arabian 
version of Sifpiior Cervantes. Cidj i.e. 
"signior;" iiamet, a Moorish prefix; 
and Ben-^n^i, meaning "son of a stag.** 
8o oerwUo (** a young stag **) is the buis 
of the name (>ervantes. 

OidlL the daughter of Jairus, re- 
^Ofid toiiia 1^ Jcsoa. She waa beloved 

by Sem'ida, the young man of Nain, alai 
raised by Jesus from tbA dead. — iUop> 
stock, Tke Messiah, iv. (1771). 

CillaroB, the horse of Ouitor or 
Pollux, so named from Cylla, in Troaa. 

Cimmerian Darknesa. Homer 
|>lacea the Cimmerians beyond the Oeeftnoa, 
m a land of never-ending gloom; and 
immediately after Cimmeria, he places 
the empire of Hftd^. Pliny {Htsioria 
Naturatis, vi. 14) places Cimmeria near 
the lake Avemes, m' Italy, where **the 
sun never penetrates.** Cimmeria is now 
called Kertch, but the Cossacks call it 
Prekla {Hell). 

Tcaaelra-dovlrts ttMt raD 

rlan darknMi on the partinf aooL 

GhmpbaU. Plmumrm ^Hopt, tt. (ITIS). 

Cincinna'tuB of the Americans. 

(Seorge Washington (1732-1799). 

Cinderella, the heroine of a fairy 
tale. She was the drudge of the house, **put 
ui>on" by her two elder sisters. >VTiile the 
elder sisters were at a ball, a fairy came, 
and having arrayed the ''little cinder- 
girl " in ball costume, sent her in a mag- 
nificent coach to the palace where the bsul 
was given. The prince fell in love with 
her, but knew not who she was. This, how- 
ever, he discovered by means of a ** glass 
slipper*' which she dropped, and which 
fitted no foot but her own. 

(This tale is substantially the same aa 
that of Rhodopis and Psammitfichus in 
iElian ( Var, Hist., xiii. 32). A similar 
one is also told in Stmbo (Oeofj. xvii.).) 

The glass slipper should be the fur 
slipi)er, pantouJU en voir, not en verre ; our 
version being taken from the Contes de 
Fees of C. Perrault (1697). 

Cinna, a tragedv by Pierre Comeille 
(1037). Mdlle. Rachel, in 183S, took the 
chief female character, and produoed 
a great sensation in Paris. 

Cinq-Maxs {H. Coiffier de Ruze, 
marquis de), favourite of Louis XIII. and 
protf^lj^ of Richelieu (1620-1642). Irri- 
tated by the cardinaVs opposition to his 
marriage with Marie de Gonzague, Cinq* 
Mars tried to overthrow or to assassinate 
him. Gaston, the king's brother, sided with 
the conspirator, but Richelieu discovered 
the plot, and Cinq-Mars, being arretted, 
was condemned to death. Alfred de 
Vi^y published, in 1826, a novel (ia 
imitation of Scott*8 historic^ novels) ea 
the subject, under the title of (Mmq^Martt 






nto (8 tyh)y th« 6fi*cotli 
lian nabLblefl. THev were 


Tl MimAfini, 

liti. ... . ...... .;j what i« 

ienncfi tlm '* Cjnijutt!cntP»tj/' Tbe wortS 
TDfiAnA tJje worth ir» of tJin *iiOO epm-h. 
And it will 1 ' -' : ihey aU 

Af>iiriab«ci ln^ot'. ' cIom of 

thii century. i 

mU9 it dil^iMOHilo ^mrk ChAt ^rould «nrmplurc tiM woiJm 
flf itw vlftiH^ who burnt ChrtiUMi.^K. YalM. C*a^ 

Cipan'go or Zipan^, • mairtl- 

ff. ' 


M In I'd of 
eAi trr UlAt 

w. ■ .. Ei 

i> . ' '.■>)!»« 

of i . ^ iofd 

&«con, I ot deiin 8wtft^ AUd 

otlifrf }: kouwa ill (Lory Umo 

Cipher. The n«T. R, Kgeflon Www 
burton, bein^ Mkctd fof liit diybia hf 
A UUVf in iMTi^ wrote buck : 

A w 1 « llv««. 

V"* ( i<^ IM.T Q kHi« ft iPi 

till u 4 li !>.'■ u u •» 
Arlp<'**f f»*i •*■•* *' ' 1 -''»' '■'• *^**, 
f M ibr «cu lu. -.-^ «n t«»«« I l^i^»l 

{KfT»nco«itiy 4ucrjbv<i lo Dr. WbcwelK) 

Circe {*i ni"/.)* » torrurwMi who m«t»- 
BMrpbdK' iiipvjunof mf DlxMei 

into r» ^f« n*lfted Qie to- 

«luuifift)i ' 'Its of tlu hcrl» «ioly» 

glTto iiiiii b.v Mcfoiry* 

Wbo ItMiva tttt ( 
1W iMHfiitn ot tiw Milt. iHmh* t 

Aad Anrwvwi Ml teto # 0«nOlN« mM>9 

Circuit (^*mif), in foea'a fftf«« 


ion OliloeL « Ivni 
Weill, in /^a# /^srHf 

lie offiMAj irher* ttM 
vi«A«(l «nd eiib<ijvtd««i UiaI 


r«*oc!ae hai iopmrn through 
< of offVcuU** The feltow)Q|f, 

froui ^N 

^LockJtiAf, iriU iUjMtme Ihe 



*itt- tvtftUb lataM ik» lM« «Miw4 Jteii «#/li# 

Again h« uyi .* 

•ir«*i4 liiM 19 M« ilM tbi9 m mmmmi •od I 

Here, tbenefoic, the duty ia ivYened. 


YT ft vui* or i»kw orlh* dvar •< > >t* 

htliAMi Mait ttvudmc tb« pm • 4 

{« Thk auMt U«M*iitMltfi»4 l)y lb* / !.»«^ 

lllf )l I* tbam Uk*n Ca Um waitar aI ili« i,_u^44^ i4t 
It mtiat bMt M aulbfrlinfl M th* kird rlMii>L»itaih » uMt^ 
m tteint this *ui^>n««d. tt la laid t»r«)>r* iba dark ni lb* 
vtirka ui»d# tha aOot of Wooda «4 rorvta to tMt M 
VMuM lali* Bmlka Mm la* |ttM af da* «■ aipa«M4 
DBHiil b* iw*ia*a4 -jr«na«FiL II. Ul. IJI 

f &»ne of thu foolary haa been raeenilt 

Cirrha, one of tbe aommits ttf Par- 
i»»n^u«, sftcred to Apollo. That -.f Syii^ 
another euuncnce in the mntc tiiountkm, 
wee dedicated to Hacchua* 

Uf Tim* t and. mu hnnMiaa ta»flte ^ifta 

«f Aa /rd4a4« [17*^1 

Cieley or CIbb, any t!ftirf-m«d, 
"^ - • fiieotiy epeaka iif rv* 

Uy,** and in Ar> y 

«He mugi Qutivy, ' •<« 

Uy) t|^ui*i«kta from her chce«ea . (jvJtM'ii, 
LoVb wife. Argui, Tom I'iper, Critpin, 
Laxaruft Kaan, Mary Maudliii, l}«tntilr«a 
and hi«hu^* (i) (icUaxi^ b(x'«UM$ • 
cht«9e should txcvcT b** a dvmd whit*, 
like GthAKt t}}e lef^er. (2) Lot'* wtfei 
WttHtuK* a iihtwMi «b«mld not be too calt^ 

Jike Lot's nit*», I ;i I Ariij*. h(^.'Aij«#> 4 

cbeeee lii kp 

Argnt* J H« 

»boii' ' \a 

the in» 

bet-tn TV, 

»»if f.r .^ 

l>rrau»e n ;,q 

the be^rpi i*« 

a rhfesir 1 a, 

(K) M*r> *• 

ahouJd not IK' rf 

Maudlin wae f< «. 

beeauaa « chei ^ uf 
tii«|tguta ur |^uui«. ^10^ lU4ki^^Hk hm* 
cmtuue a ch«f«« Jihimld not he maila ol 

|]rt,rn* -...iL ,.r .,nik '* Hi^nned by • 

biah ^mirfd PwmU 

of I. !,' 1W7), 

CittMn (TAf), a farre by Arthur 
Mitrphv, (••one* Pbil|M»t ta duatined to 
ba tha bnaband of Mam WUdiog. bat la 




Mam WildiBgu ia U/w with Bcaafbii, 
dM Munrw to aiUily to her betrothed 
thtt he rafoaet to many her, wherrapon 
ifca givM her hand to BeMfort (1767). 

CHtiaan King (7^), Louis PhiUppe, 
the fint eieeliTendiig of Fnnoe (iff? 
JSK^lStf, abdiested and died I860). 

^ty, phL Gltiee. 

•'^_^^^?''''''*^ Brooklyn, New 
lork, inuca haa an nnvfoal number of 
(% of Darii, JemaaUm.— 2 Soon. t. 

'ory of ZVffmcfKM, thia world, or 
—raw the worldly state ot the imcon- 
▼utod. Banyan makes ** Christian "flee 
from the City of Destmciion and journey 
to the Celestial Oty, by which he aUo- 
mixes the "walk of a Christian'* from 
his eooTstsion to death (1678). 
. ^ *^ ,£f*cMantment8, a magical city 
described in the stoiy of ** Beder Prince 
of Persia.'*— iina6iaii Nighit^ Entertain- 

aiy of Oad, the Church or whole body 
of beGerers. The phrase is nsed by St. 

City of Lanterns, an imaginary cloud- 

dty somewhere beyond the xodiac 

LiKian, Vera Historia, 

CUyofLeguMS,OitTlton-on-Vsk. New- 
port IS the port of this ancient city 
iMonmoathshire and Glamorganshire). 
It was in the aty of Legions that Arthur 
held his court It contained two cathe- 
drals, rix., St. Julius and St. Aaron, built in 
honour of two martyrs who 8u£Fered death 
here in the reign of Diocletian. 

City of Masts, London. 

C»yo/ifoiMiw«i<», Baltimore, in Mary- 
land. One of its streeto is called Monu- 
ment Street. 

Cttv of Palaces, Three cities are so 
called: (1) Rome from the reign of 
Augustus. Agrippa converted "a city of 
bnck huts into a city of marble palaces." 
(2) Calcutta. (3) hi, PetenibuVTirso 
called, from its numerous Imperial and 
Goremment edifices. 

CUyof Refuge, Medi'na, in Arabia, 
where Mahomet took refuge when driven 
by conspirators from liUcca. He en- 
tered the city not as a fugitive, but in 
trium|)h (A.D. 622>. 

Cities of Sef%kM, Be*er, Ramoth, and 
GoUn {east of Jordan) ; Hebron, Sho- 
«iem, and Kedesh {xcest of that river). 
— Antf. iv. 43 ; Josh. xx. 1-8. 

Ciiy of the Oreat King, Jerusalem.— 
-«-nlTiii.8; ifa«. v. 86. 

Cities of the Pkun, Sodom and Go« 
morrah. — Gen, xiii. 12. 

CUy of the Prophet, Medi'na, in Arabia, 
where Mahomet was protected when ha 
fled from Mecca (July 16, a.d. 622). 

City of the aim, Balbee, caUed in 
Greek, HeUopTolis ("sun-city**). 

*M* In UampaneUa's romance the 
" Chty of the Sun** U an ideal repnUie, 
constructed on the model of Plato*8 
republic. It is an hypothetical perfect 
society or theocratic communism. Sir 
T. More in his Utopia, and lord Baeon 
in his ilt^antis, devised similar cities. 

CUy of the Tribes, Galway. in IreUnd, 
" the residence of thirteen tnbes,'* which 
setUed there in 1286. 

City of the West, Gksgow, in Sootiand, 
situate on the Clyde, the principal river 
on the west coast. 

The Cleanest City in the World, Broek, 
in HolUnd, which is "painfully neat 
and clean.** 

Ihe Seven Cities, Egypt, Jerusalem, 
Babylon, Athens, Rome, Constantinople, 
and I»ndon (for commerce) or Paris (for 

(In the Seven Wonders of the Worid, 
the last of the wonders is doubtful, some 
giving the Pharos of Egypt, and others 
the Palace of Cyrus ; so again in the Seven 
Sages of Greece, the seventh is either 
Periander, Myson, or Epimenides.) 

City Madam (The), a comedy l^ 
Philip Massinger (1633). She was the 
daughter of a farmer named Goodman 
H amble, and married a merchant, sir 
John Frugal, who became immensely 
wealthy, bat retired from business, and 
by a deed of gift transferred his wealth 
to his brother Luke, whereby madam and 
her daughter were both dependent on 
him. During her days of wealth the 
extravagance of lady Frugal was un- 
bounded, and her dress costly beyond 
conception; but Lukeredaced her state to 
that of farmers* daughters in generaL 
Luke says to her: 

Ton war* mttwIIb plate: 
SUmd not a foot without • ooMh. and folia 
lb eburrh. not tor davoCiOQ. but t» ihov 
Your pomp;. 

Tht CUp Madam \» na otrMwdliMrfiy iplritod pictvt 
of actual UiEa. Menlind into a Mni^sowic «aiii of poaCrr 
— Pntfeaior Spaldlna 

Civil Wars of England. 

TbaraDuttDO DuttoaklDa; a Doaadoth kflaDHMl 
A Sootb a Dwitii. and Ldsh by Utsb ttomtbrova/ 
A VenaUat a<alMt a Vanabim dotb rtaad s 
A TftMibeck Hgfatrtb arith a Troutbaek band to tend i 
Tbara llollnaux dotb make a IIoUmuz to dia^ 
A-^» — — -a,iwn|thofKffrtondo«htnr. 

Drvtoo. ^iKyoMM^ on. aSHk 



CljLek-Diali^ » diib or pUtt^^r with n 
lid* tt»*^i lit iit)i» tiftm l>y lM«i;^r», Who 
oJi*ok«ii}" "f^w near, to 

III IC S t}*M|. 

< r i»f T^wn 

Claimant fr^r). Wiliinm Knollyt, 
Ixi The Grtii'. f^tiracd iho 

,, ID tha (/nmxl 
/ ! in favour of the 

ri > >>^« nii««d to the 

n ftod titlo of 
^^tM GMtle, but 
fcU Uj iha title of duk« 


'^•f»tmMt«r of ill 
A fecrvaut of lur 

. nl \--MTir' vc^-r-i 



Orion, who 

cUimed to be «r 



many of the charnrLera iwid mudi of Ih4 
dxalo|^Ufi t>ciuj; prtwoneiL 

Clanj? of Shields. To stnkv titt 

shield with the blunt - i * - --.-.. ^^^ 

in OMiAaic times mi to 

the death. A bArd, «vaa 
thu* •truck, nkiacd li 

bK«. TW hwtdrmt li*r}» > T>i# «lMt al 

^M>lt U t.Mrit K4r dbUitr ••.. y,« Im-^iu (HI* faMtb* 



l*i|l(»--»«''P»3 1 IV I M-11" J 

** Hyiikcinthc." 
Otwftv •Miri'T^'' 

in i- 


*^(>clJtvo" von nf "' Arfpuite/' The •Utn 

of money wrunjf from Gripe la £iuo, 

but Uwt tque«2ed out of Gvroate ia i60<i 




Her father ia eal!«d bv 
* *\\\A bv Muliifre *' U^ 

r i» " Ltsamlor^** 
iiior avrceUieart 

n/y" in FnDcb 


Clarft fffAT^^^^-'-T '- 


rrpMlikfP t 

quiUi hill 

Ciifcli«rioe * L^jovtut. !• 

her retreat, Mid after a 

bJatbdera thtv aru oiamcu. — cynr. 

n > r...-.^.^ 

:htcf of 
by doa 






buLh «rt up at 



ianve servant L 


Bl«ti r«50^»i;-r 


omu Md » ' 
your ifaif 



8' ■ 

ftfllMa in 1 


■ ,■.!.» 

aitd well ' 

goal t'> 

Evelyn, i 

Llir'V Wrr, 


• I 


mmk< itiris tt, 




liulwtr LyttoD, 

HUf caiucJjr ia a rtjjhau^t' 

ut Th€ 1 



Mill < lufri, ai'^utlilU^ 

.'t»4 tmiiiKt wirnt ia 

r.'ntH iti' .'^al.'iiiiiitm'^ 

< inH' r, Ann TH^ wni 

. ^ a 
• na» f of» 

'Mri»< to air 

thitf dkatn* 

naed U> Clam, 

.d.-Ufd L. 


lhkr\hil, A 




fa QoetWi S^fmtmi, noted for her 
— and drrotioii. 

dace iAda)t coatm of Biduurd Cftr- 
■tenc, both of whom are orphens and 
wards in Chaneerr. They marry each 
ether, hot Richard dies jonng, blighted 
by the faw*! delay in the great Chancenr 
nit of "Jamdyce e. ^amdyce.** — C. 
Dicfcana, BieaM Utmat (1853). 

ClAr«noe {Otorge duke of), intro- 
by air W. Scott in Anne of Oeier- 
I (tiae. Edward IV.). 

ClAr«noe and the Malmsey- 

Hntt. Aocordinff to tradition, George 

I Clarence, having joined Warwick 

ilaea Henry VI. on the throne, was 

> death, and the choice being offered 


to replace U« 


mm, was drowned m a butt of malmsey 

wine (1478). 


Clarenidon {The earl of), lord chan- 
cellor to Charles II. Introduced by sir 
W. Scott in Woodstock (time, Common- 

Claribel (^), snmamed "The 
Lewd.** One of the six knights who con- 
tended for the fidse Florimel. — Spenser, 
Faery Qtieem, ir. 9 (1596). 

Cku^ibei, the pseudonym of Mrs. 
Barnard, author of numerous popular 
•ongs (from 1865 to ). 

Clar'ioe (3 Sf/f.), wife of Rinaldo, and 
sister of Hnon of Bordeaux. Introduced 
in the romancett of Bojardo, Ariosto, 
laaao, etc 

Clann or Clarin'da, the con- 
fidential maid of Radigund queen of the 
Am'azons. When the queen had got sir 
Ar'tegal into her power, and made him 
change his armoar for an apron, and hit 
swoid for a disteff, she fell in love with 
the captive^ and sent Clarin to win him 
over by fair promises and indulgences. 
Clarin performed the appointed mission, 
bat fell in love herself with the knight, 
and told the queen that sir Artegal was 
obstinate, and rejected her advances with 
•com.— Spenser, Fa^ry Queen, v. 6 

Clarinda, the heroine of Mrs. Cent- 
fivre's drama The Beau's Dud (1703). 

NeChlac onidd be wman tapOnOng ihaa Mn. PritdMfd 
Dm-lTSSj ia " My Macbc^'' " The Queen ' In HanUtt, 
nCWtodk." ** B«i{Mila :" iu ihort. vnrj >pecta of itrotig 
■■Sva l au rt p gH frow her a puUab and perfeetloa tluun 
vMch MMbiae f^fiA ^^ more trat]r ckpUrsUns.— C. DU^- 


*«* *< Estifania," in Bute a Wife and 
Hone a W\fe, by Beaumont and Fletehar. 

Qarm'da, a merry, good-humoured, 
high-spirited lady, in love with (^^uuiee 
Frankly. The madcap Ranger is her 
cousin. — Dr. Hoadly, The auepidoue 
Husband (1747). 

Ciarinda of Robert Bums, was Birs. 
Maclehose, wno was alive in 1833. 

Clar'ion, the son and heir of Mns- 
carol. He was the Purest and most 
prosperous of all the race of flies. 
Aragnol, the son of Arachnd (the spider), 
entertained a deep and secret hatred 
of tho young prince, and set himself to 
destroy him ; so, weaving a most curions 
net, Clarion was soon caught, and Aragnol 

gave him his death-wound by piercing 
im under the left wing. — Spenser, 
Muiopotmos or The Butterfiy't Fate 

Claris'sa, wife of Gripe the 
scrivener. A lazy, lackadaisical, fine 
city lady, who thinks "a woman must 
be of mechanic mould who is either 
troubled or pleased with anything her 
husband can do " -(act i. 3). She has " wit 
and beauty, with a fool to her husband," 
but thongn "fool," a hard, grasping, 
mean, old hunks. 

" I hare more nhjecta for epleen than one. b It not » 
Bort horrible Utln< that I abould he • •crIVMier'k wife r .. . 
Don't jrou think natwe deeigned roe fbr K>metblng ofwa 
•Intmt Why. I dare abuae Dobodr. I'm afraid to aflWwt 
people. ... or to ruin their repuUUions. ... I dare not 
raise the lie of a man, though he negiecte to make hive t» 
me; nor report a woman to be a fool, though ahe to haaS- 
•orncr than 1. In ihurt, I dare not ao much ae bid ay 
kiotman kick people out of doora. though they cone to 
dun me for what I owe them."— fflr John Vanbragh. Th» 
Coiyftdtraew. L 3 USM). 

C/artysa, sister of Beverley, plighted 
to George Bellmont. — A. Murphy, AU m 

the Wroryj (1761). 

Clarissa Harlowe. (See Ha»- 


Clark {The Rev. T.), the pseudonym 
of .lohn Gall, the novelist (1779-1889). 

Clarke ( The Rev, C. C), one of the 
many pseudonyms of sir Richard Phillips, 
author of The Hundred Wonders of Us 
World (1818), Readings in Natural 

Cla'thcx the last wife of Fingal and 
mother of Fillan, Fingal's youngest son. 

Claude ( The English), Richard Wilson 

Clau'dine (2 syl.), wife of the porter 
of the hotel Harancour, and old nurse ot 




Julio ** Ibe dmi ttad dumb ** etmnL Sh« 
rBC<iju:iu#.ei th« lud, who had been nscued 
bv IV I'Ep^ from U>« «trc«ta of Parifl, 
«od broQglil up by him uiKlfir the namfl 
of TKeodoi*. Ultimntety, the fro&rduui 
IMrlemoot fnurf-t.-ui th»t h« hftd venl 
him iwlrift :> r* of getting nd 

of him ; but I 1 to be the coufit, 

b« in rmUtpeii to la.^ rank ftnd prcipcrtY, — 
Tb. llokTnft» T/utDea/andlhtfdiil&b}, 

Claudio '^ " ^ ■■' t 1 •-- " friooil 
of dnn r*- , *nd 

«nj/i»^ifwi to 1 i'Q»to 

grtVMuor of SIy*»in«), — hhiiki'»|j««ro, 
Jim\ Ado abaui JTvlAiiv (l«^>0). 

i ri uiittle (u rtsU-A^t? him Uy hi§ 

iiithfttthewhnl<»nk'ttnriii"r — 

bnaKrrpt'uro, MfatuTffar Al4*(i«»fr4r(1603), 

Clau'diuB, kinff uf l>**nmiirk, who 
^i*otied kU bfoth(*r, m*rniMi th« wtrinw, 
•ad Uiiirp«d the throne, i1iiiid»u« in- 
dttcod LMft^ to ^'hftllrn:?*' Hfimlet to 
pUy Witt fdiU, bat |m um to 

liiJr trot i^HtiHtri'*!, nnd M unded 

" jM}iwoTit<4i wcMfHin. tn 

to Bcvctirfi tli« d^>«th ut 

' H«r. 

t '^ FeogoOi" »fkr Iwtlw iiftin« 

for A UatuE. 

Cimtdtmt the in^tnimerrt <^f Afrplnt tJie 
d«c«iiivir f tie 

wiio had W- 1--— - - - a ihiUi 

lo V trgtQiua,'>>f « S. JiaowlM, lirymmM 

Ch»dtw i " ' ^n po«| horn 

i,t Khcittf • : tilt f«Qtotu 

aoQ^ cAlifi4 *i /ML k f. » « viu ir^ » ^ i ; h eniab wmt 
iOQ|t")« »>&« *A «U ooovtvUl f«MtB of the 

CtmiM (Stulu), » fkcnilkr nunt for 01. 
Nicholu, the jMiroo tatnl af childr^L, 
Oq Cthriitmiui Eve Gennan child r*n hart 
pTesenta •knred twmy in t^ and 

»hoe» while thej* are aalef ; oJe 

cmduloiaa Atiea rappoae LLu. Liaua 

or Ikiaut pliMd thMn thcra. 

BL MktelH b Mil to teM MppOad tfUn 

• '11. - .-i iDbtbar, w4 w hll ^ 1^^ 

Ix^i ^ •*• HkMffvd tar fhv dh^m oa 

^' CiavtJirhoUSe ** or the marqaia <if 
Ar^ll, a kinsmim of Baveiuiwoodt iatfQN, 
dticed by wr W. Scott in The liruk of 
LammermtKor (time^ William U\,), 

CUmer*him»t (d «v/«), John Graham of 
Chiverhoiuie (WmouiU l>nndee)i a relenlH 
l«Mui Jaetjbite, so rajitaciout and prolaoQi 
io violent in tcmtiar and obdorate of 
hearty that every Scotchman haiaa tha 
natii«i. He htinleil the ooraoantcra with 
real vtttdJctiverDea^ and ia almoHt a by 
word for Itnrbaiitx and cruelty {ICfiO- 

Clavljo ( A'a), a caTalier wba ** (H)ttld 

tnuch the gtutiir to admiration, wrila 

poetT^'t dance di%'tne1>% and had a floa 

gentui for making bird-oi|(ea*" lU 

mi^rried the pnoceaa Ahtonotuaaia of 

Cukdaja, and wAi mayiQiorphitiH'd hf 

.^TriJufEitiru'uu into a crocodile of noma 

I! jiu'tal. Dim I -u- 

]jtm *' by iimply -fi" 

. JTM." — C^en'«iite»| 




OlAtUiCM«r). (8aa wdv K.) 




bona on 

a order to 
js&iift, bar 
uidi (callad 

ij IT' 1 1 run I, iniii I Jii"- r<iniur I 

the *' J>ob»h'da duiii^ "), It 
v#ry hor»e tm wJiirh VvU^r of 
c&rried off th. i,,tid waa 

run«rructied li 'mTve wta 

C3illr«d t tikvii. , . ^^, bc^auia 

it wag t N wooden pin to th« 

forcJica i ;i, ItiM QmMit$^ Q* 

ill. 4, 5 \ii>^';. 

i*r iiiaaMc» MMn^at tMi taie*! 

wnmim «■« ortnai. rfft^^ Mi «m««aidte^ . . . 

tti» fMMt a •*( Nwi m Mr ■«matiiin aot ii n 

^ ■e, a 
Glavpolei {Noah), aiu»$ **UaitU 

Bolter, liii ill-ciifulliLion«<d eliAritv-bflJ*, 

who taV «cr- 


«b«abaafkcrward« mamaaA^ Dtebn^ 




OUmntft (2 Iff.); bfotlier-iii-law of 
Orgoo.- H« ia aistmgiusfaed for his 
SttfttiiM pietT, and is bolk high-minded 
Ld ooliiMimnsts "-Mohhnila Tartuf9 

CISnUe (2 «yl.), son of Hsi^psgon th 
ntser, in lore with Msriane (8 syl,] 
asrpsgon, though 60 jtnn old, wishei 

miser, in lore witb iUrtane (9 syl,). 
Bsrpsgon, though 60 yean old, wished 
to mrrj the lame jonng faidy, bnt 
a^aate solved the difficulty thus: He 
due up a casket of gold from the garden, 
hsddea under a tree b^ the miser, and 
while Harpacon was raving about the loss 
of his gold, Cleante told him he might take 
his choice between Mariana and the gold. 
The miser preferred the casket, which was 
TCstored to him, and Cl^nte married 
Mariaae.— Moli^re, VAtan (1667). 

CUcmU (2 ay/.), the lover of Angeli^e 
daughter of Aigaa the maiade ima^imure. 
As Argaa had promised Angehque in 
marriage to Thomas Diafoirus a young 
surgeon, Cl^ante carrier on his love as 
a music-master, and though Argan is 
present, the lovers sing to each other their 
plans under the guise of an interlude 
called "Tirds and Philis." Ultimately, 
Argan assents to the marriage of his 
daughter with Cl^nte.— Mou^re, Le 
MaUuk Imaginairt (1673). 

Clean'the (2 syl.)t sister of Siphax 
of Paphos. — Beaumont and Fletcher, The 
Mad looer {IS17), 

CleanthB (3 »yl,), the lady beloved by 
Ion.~Talfourd, Ion (1835). 

Clean'thee (8 «y/.), son of Leon'idte 
and husband of Hippolita, noted for his 
filial piety. The duke of Epire made a 
law tnat all men who had attained the 
age of W should be put to death as use- 
less incumbrances of the commonwealth. 
Simonid£s, a young libertine, admired the 
law, but Cleanthli looked on it with 
horror, and determined to save his father 
from its operation. Accordingly, he gave 
out that nis father was dead, and an 
ostentatious funeral took place; but 
Oeanthte retired to a wood, where he 
concealed Leon'idSs, while he and his wife 
waited on him and administered to his 
wants. — The Old Law (a comedy of 
Philip Massinger, T. Middleton, and W. 
Rowle%-, 1620). 

CleflTflT (HoldfaU)^ a puritan sull- 
wright— Sir W. Scott, Awn/ of tht 
Peak (time, Charles II.). 

Cleiah'bothani (Jededfah), school- 
r and parish clerk of Gandercleaeh, 

who emploved his assistant fmehmr to 
arrange «na edit the tales told by the 
landlord of the WaUace mn of kis 
same purish. These tales the editor dis- 
posed m three series, called by the general 
title of The Talee of My Landionf{q.v.), 
(See introdaetioa of 77te Black Dwarf.) 
Of course the real author is sir Walter 
Soott (1771-1832). 

Mr». Dorothea aeithboiham,ynSt^^bit 
schoolmaster, a nerfect Xantippdi and 
** sworn sister of toe Eumer^ldm/* 

GleOia or Clcelia, a Bomaa maiden, 
one of the hostages given to Por'sena. 
She made her escape from the Etruscan 
camp by swimming across the Tiber. 
Being sent back by the Romans, Porsena 
not only set her at liberty for her f;allanfc 
deed, but allowed her to take with her 
a part of the hostages. Mdlle. Scud^ri 
has a novel on the snl^Jeet, entitled 
CMie^ ffistoire Bomaine. 

Oar ifaliiM nor of Uian Unt mm dariw - 
9inkodaBmium{rnrkUkaa»M]. . .but 
IteOMiMiAnMnUA. . . 18m AJtnuitMA.] 
CI«tta.OQtMlift. . .wiStteBoaMUibrvwi 

THUunoB. Th4 rr im o tm , tt. 

Oe'liaf a VMn, frivolous female butter- 
fly, with a smattering of everything. In 
youth she was a coquette ; and when youth 
watt passed, tried sundry means to earn 
a livug, but without success. — Crabbe, 
Borough (ISIO). 

C161ie (2 sylX the heroine of a novel 
so called by Mdlle. Scudtfri. (See 

Clement^ one of the attendants of 
sir Reginal Front de Boeuf (a follower of 
prince John).— Sir W. Scott, Jtanhoe 
(time, Richard !.)• 

Clem'ent (Justice) ^ a man quite able 
to discern between fun and crime. 
Although he had the weakness "of 
justices^ justice," he had not the weak- 
ness of ignorant vulgarity. 

rnomtH TbeyMjrbewUlooaunltanaBfartekiDf lb« 
wmU of bto bona. 

WMbrwd. Ay. or for wearing hU doak on on* ilMNilder. 
or aerring God. Anything. In'ieed. if It eomai tn tho wtf 
of hb hunioar.— B. Johmmi. Emrw Mmm in MU S^ tmnir , 
iU. S (IMS). 

Clementi'na ( Hie ladu)^ an amiable, 
delicate, beautiful, accomplished, but un- 
fortunate woman, deeply m love with sir 
Charles Grandison. Sir Charles married 
Harriet Biron.— S. Richardson, The ifis- 
tory of Sir Charles Qrainiiaon (1758). 

IboM wtfoim rdatlng to tbe hMorf of OmtmMm 
eontoln puMgea of dwp fmOuM.-'Mnegt. BrU. Art. 

StwkaspMre htranlf bu taartAf 4nnm n moro nMcI* 
liig or hvrowlng picturt of higlMoolad nfforiflS tmi 

Ctn>fAfl. IM 


Cle'ofhA (/bn)^ th« bero of a ocrrel 
Vv LNMMfe. entitJed Lr i>ta&/« BmUms 
(yXf /Jii*vJ <m 7W BUcks). A fifXT 
Vi' ' iird, proud, htiih*«jwrii*n, 

ai i ; noted for puFUntry, \m% 

<i I /'Ttenjui nentimcnU. A»iTin- 

(Sti'us (4 4.v^.) shows him wbjit is i;oiT>g 
on tn priviite f«mtlie< by imroofiug the 
hmiM-a {^1707). 

Cleom'biXJtus or Ambrwjio'tA of 
Antbr»c'ia (in Epirus), HaTing reiiil 
riiiU}'» book on the touPi ioitnortAlttx 
»n<i huppiocM in another lifts he wnu wo 
r»vk«]iod with the df'^cripUoD th«i b« 
Imiieil into the ma thnt he oii^llft dk 
AAd «&joy PUio'i elyiium. 

Milton, f mr ^ im u^ ill <n, •« (laiBV 

Cleoni''eDea (4 <ry'-)> tiie hero «od 
title of « dmm* by l^rydim (10U2). 

4* PriJi m flMM eitt of tlM UmhIm • »o«nt top «r 
ktktoM MM to hiiii. *■ ir t b^ b«Mi toft •!«»• »4th • 
IM MWt iMlwIy, 1 WV\A »nt (U>k« n^Ml nt UHmv Uh« jrimr 
llMrMii Im^ * " f oiMiw nf^^" a>^ Ui* i^^ " but ^m 
•n m4 air b««.'— tv. C IoimU. H ^fu wiiia rtw i«f«v« 

C/ANn^4W« (4 fy/.)« ''Thtt Venui of 
Ctcottifiifit ** b oow OftUod **Thc Vcoiu 
di UedJcl.** 
iMh ft Min flMlal tun vm «aN . , * Um ?iiim «r 

Cle'on. p*yfTTK*f of T*f^n«, burnt to 
dt ' ' the 

Ijii, . ' : . w\i:% 

prm^e 4>( lvr«. — ^hiik««tMiMe) i'tnaU* 

O^t'pw, the pemnntfkwtioo of flory^ — 

Cleop'atra, c^wcen nf K^jvpt, wife of 

c*^, hi* wi/i', 

l>ii 111, irt, u. Mfiimtiug 

of AcLiuni, L , , Ijunw-U 

an JM|>. 

E. Jodelle wrote Eo Frinoh a Cn^^y 




lr«i(nily in t 


,. .,.ut<* 

.mk aeo- 
ifydcu oM on lh« 

tame •iibi«;t, cmllcd All for hem or IV 

•^* Mr- iii,.*,..i^ t*i«3_i73oj and 
P«g [Mar H (J71ft-1760) 

wer^ iTr>T rttct^r. 

r J fir /oir/. Thfl talc in 

tbA made a (iitraptuoti» oaa- 

Quel, 'incited the «iirpri»e of 

Antony ; whtreupoo the qveen l4>ok a 
pearl «ar^rnp. duMolred it io a atrong 
acid, and drank the liquor to the health 
of the tniJtnvir^ wiyiap, *'My draught 
to Afitnnv 9 hull excocd io value tha 
wb. i^ 

*, j<eQ Elisabeth Tinted the 

Exci. .^L, .: rUomas Greaham pledged 
her he&lLli iu « cup of wtoe caQtatning a 
precious Atnne cruahcd to atooia, and 

I f>««nm arlKki tlM pMffl 

1% ti*,T».l, U i •» A>.»« m^ tf». r«« <-W Jttttdfk 

Cle-'pntni m If^vit^s. Cleopatra, aava 
RabeUia. ia *'a chcr of onumji" in tba 
ahadea below. TU<r I^Lto fnr a {Msar) 

aad oriitm ia nni 
Oeopatra gtri 
Antony in a d r 
•ay, drinkinj; li 

CltajKiVrHy qoeNEQ 

u\ \l 

UI-THril m w» 

re for* to 

Uabehiia, rantmjrt^, li. 30 


Syria, datiglittr 


of Ptiilnmy rhilrtme''ti'r king of Kgyp|» 
She ftrat married Ak^xander Kala. the 
nwiirpcr (k,c, H!») ; next l»eine iriua 
NtiVnof. I^Mnetnua, bcin^if taken pri- 
aootr by the rHrtliianSf tltarnt»d Kodo* 
(func ^3 iy/.)« daughter of rhroa'te* (9 
t}j(,) tbc riirtliiAti kins:, and Cleitpatra 
nmrried AnUcH::liui ^ide'U"*, Utothi-r of 
Dewietrius, She *Iew hrr nnn Hcleu<^«ii 
(by iJ'rmctriHn) for f • «ia thia 

pnrKjuc4^d a revolt, . favouf 

of her aecond aon, An JlL* wh** 

compelled ber to dntik {HMButi whi0h aba 
had prt-[)ared fur hiiuMtU. P. Cnmellli 
haji niJidf f '' Hjeet uf hi« tiagvdy 
called A' -J ). 

•,•Th^ rleopatra of Shakf 

apeareV a&d Dry den a In^fcdlci. 

Clcro'mont {i aytX a merrr e«Dtl*- 

niAii, lite friend of l)inani\— Baaumnnt 
and FirLdjer, Tht LitiU Frtnch Lawyer 

C 1, aieee of the Green 

K n I . of Frr'ra£:ua tha giaittt 

and l<r:>Jr if \ alcBtint tbabraTa. — rW<»* 
iai4 (ti^i Or mm. 




**8t. Kldiolv*a Oeisymiiiu*' in 

ibc wonlf ^ich-oias uid OM Ni^k mAj 

I'^XEUiior, ton erf ThAddu vid 
r of Uom^ (Fingal'A mnih^tj, He 

g^ poDcipsl mtm ot Bmidnth^ cm the 
Tde)« U flo h&ppeiied Uut moinA vru 
bcIov«(] by s Brtton &Bi&&d Heudn, who 
t^mt vith as umj to carry hejr off, 
KeodA was Alain by CJe««Lmmor; but 
QaoBttdHif, belQg elotely pftM«d by 
|h« Britinii, Aed, md Dever ifttiii iaw 
bU biide^ Is due time * bod wu 
bom, oaUed C^itboa ; bat ih« raotber 
died* Whik Qartban iraa ttiU aa infuit 
Fiivil*i &tiitt ACtttckcd BalcIathA, Aod 
•lew Bcirthema (C&rtJioD'i frandlaUier). 
Wboi tb« bQ7 giew tn manbofldt lie 
detomiMd on w^eviee; accordijogly 
btt inraded Morr«i^ tbe kiitgdoiii of 
Fingml, wbei« Clewitntaofi not Knowing 
wbo he wia, cjiga^ed him id liii^le 
^frmliat, and ilew him. When hn di»- 
eoYcnd tbai it wuA hii um, thf«e dayt b« 
momoed for kiiu, aod oti the fourui ha 
died. — OnUa, Cart/wn, 

Clereland ( Air6ara VUliers^ dmchesa 
oJ)t one of the mUtreseei of Charles II., 
introdoced by air W. Scott in Fneril of 

Oeve'iand (Capiam Ctemmt), aiias 
Vaughaii [ VatniL ** the pirate,'* son of 
Noma of the Fitful Head. He is in love 
with Minna Troil (daughter of Magnus 
Trml, the udaller of Zetland).--8ir W. 
Scott, The PiraU (Ume, WUliam HI.). 

Clever, the man-servant of Hero 
Sutton **the citjr maiden." When Hero 
assumed the guise of a quaker, Clever 
called himself Obadiah, and pretended to 
be a rigid quaker also. His constant 
exclamation was " Umph ! **— S. Knowles, 
Womam't Wii^ etc. {im). 

Clifford (Sir Thomas), betrothed to 
Julia (dau^ter of Master Walter " the 
hunchback ). He is wise, honest, truth- 
ful, and weU-favonred, kind, valiant, and 
prudent. — 8. Knowles, Ths JJunchbacM 

Otfford (Mr,), the heir of sir William 
Cliarlton in right of his mother, and in 
luve with lady Emilv Gayrille. The 
scrivener Alscrip ha<f fraudulently got 
pOMession of the deeds of the Charlton 
•states, which he had giren to his 

dmnghter called " the heitt^'* and wbiob 
amounted Co £2000 a year ; but Kightly. 
the lawyer, di»covcred the fraud, mai 
*^tbe heiress" wu compelled W leltn' 

auisb this part of her fortuiie» CIsffofd 
leii prnposed to lady Emily, »ttd w«i 
•ccepted,^~Geii«fal Bttigoyne^ I%€ ifevwM 

Clifitrd (Piati)t a highwayman, re- 
formed by the power of love;, — Loid 

Lytton, Paul Oi/an/ limQ). 

Viigofrd (Bosamumd), ttsoaUy ealM 
*'The Fair Hoaamood^'' the ^voiiHM 
mistress of Heniy Ih ; dflughtcf of 
Walter lord Cliffords She i« intmUuced 
by sir W. ScoU tn two novels. The Ttht- 
mOK aad W^odstoak, Dry den says t 

iXifafd {Henr^ tord). a general in th* 

English army.— Sir W. S^ott, OoMm 
Ztofc/artMW (tiros, Henry h)* 

GUflbrd St3?eet (London), eo named 
from iQijtabetli Clilurd, daughter of the 
kdt earl of CMroUerlaad, who marriod 
Kictaard Boyle, earl of Burlington* (Se« 
Savilb How.) 

ClifU>n {Harry), lieutenant of H.M. 
ship Tujer, A daring, dashing, care>for- 
nobody young English sailor, delighting 
in adventure, and loving a good scrape. 
He and his comrtanion Mat Mizen take 
the side of El Hyder, and help to re- 
establish the Chereddin, prince of Delhi, 
who had been dethron^ bv Hamet Ab- 
dulcrim. — IWirryntore, Ei tiyder^ Chief of 
the G/utut Mountains, 

Clim of the Clough. (See Clym.) 

Clink (Jem), the turnkey at New- 
gate. — Sir W. Scott, Peteril of the Peak 
(time, Charles 11.). 

CUiiker {Humphry), a poor work- 
house lad, put out by the parish as 
apprentice to a blacksmith, and after- 
wards employed as an ostler's assistant 
and extra postilion. Being dismissed 
from the stables, he enters the service 
of Mr. Bramble, a fretful, grumpy, but 
kind-hearted and generous old gentle- 
man, greatly troubled with gout. Here 
he falls in lov? with Winifred Jenkinsi 
Miss Tabitha Bramble's maid, and turiM 
out to be a natural son of Mr. Bramble.— 
T. Smollett, TU Kxpeddkm of Hmmphm 
ainher {\77 1). 

(Probably this novel sncmied to Q, 
Dickens his Adventures of Outoer Tmd^ 




OUo« aa Biiigimm of C[bcl«eA}, 

' 'jn|, irsliagtnni, 0[flicej, the 

from wriiri) Atlduiot) deDpnt^-lMKi 

Xff[oodon|, irsliagtnni, 0[flicej, the 
Wiom from wriiri) Atlduiot) deDpnt^-lMKi 
fiii |ift|»r» for \ht Spei't^it'if Tb* pHjfcm 

«(ni«d by iny of thf'>*' Irtti-rB are by 

Olip^uroo {Laity«r)t the lawyer 
eiDptoycd by air Kvcrftrd Wnvcrlcy to 
make lili wlu.— Sir W. Sc<»tt, Wawrteg 
(time, G«org« IL). 

Oliquot [JvV^^jfco]. anickTwine i^vcn 
bv i*»wujA to Frederick WUliam IV. of 
fSuaaia, froni bia tove of cliiimpa>cn« 
of tii« *'Clkuot brwad** (1796, 1840- 


Clitundre, • weftlthr bourg^it, in 
r% WTt)i H«»nrip.tt4', ** th*» thorough 

' ived witb 

i-iUf Ar* 

Jiiit bcr 


lov^j U i>t Jit ri^lf 
mvttn in • wife iJ^- 

lovo to the marble ot ^ . ^ ,, .. uitj. 

— Uolt^re, Z« Fetmtui* iinvttnt^ (tfii'i). 

CLo&oi'aiV« the presiding per»nniflcA- 
tini) of city Mwen* (l^iif oicioa^ "a 

tt^* rtpiH«. u. I171D. 
Clod'd-^pola (3 ' ' ^^ic wiseit 
loui of «U Qm Q^L li." Ap- 

Doinbotl tA 4«ci(I« Uir a bctwuea 

Cu4l4y wad LobbtQ Ck^ul. 

«»« ball vfll MIL «r vlwAi arti*! 
n* liiisiif n iinf llM iMltar'i M} I9 9l»*, 
Vtw MrwAaMl^llMl ilt«««« «<mM •ttvWhl Maih 

Ma »ift «M VlM ■•Ml 4M AMrf-l*, 

Tkal |iMii« Wrw IWctBi] u,# .kit.irrtu* rain | 

U* liiU m laat Um vdki^ 

(Qoddipok U the ''Vahamou" of 
Tliiciri £k iii.) 

Clo'cll ^ ' . ^ovenior^ ▲ di*- 
of Z«iio^aik lb* 
It , ^ wifti of AnMudik,^^ 

Cbuniry (14}47). 

1 C<}«Ctitr 'lal^ 

hie "' ^ ■ '*«- 

Sii< '. ti* 

1 He 

InieriaTn ^ r rrn>rn, »tld 

•xelftAiTM s wiy uf oftth. 

Oodio « r^ -^ J AngelioA, but 

lk« lid/ |ii«Xcfroa bi« «a«r brollMr 

Cftrlo«, » bookwomi, and Ck>dio efi^jagtd 
himitlf to Elvira of IJsboo.— C. Cibbcr, 
LoM M^Mkea a Man (16M). 

Clo'©- in love with the ahepberd 
Thcnott but Th^T...* r..w..i. Uf.r ^,ut ,.<it nf 
adminiLion of tl la 

f*»r her *\v/ul : a,, 

' a virtuoi: J 

H-nJeflA, C" 1 ■ Mat 

Clo'riw ai»t«r to Fabrit'io the mcny 
Kildirr^ am! tUi.* Riih^htly coiiiriALiion of 
FnaceA (Hintwr to t rtdchck), — U«auiiii>E^ 
and FleUhef, iy*r Oi^jUih (idU). 

Qlr.i^^ .'ri,-, 1 >i<iinbl« MoorUb youth, 
wh' n nLM-king Uiu biKly 

r^f [ • t»nrv \t Mi*ib»ro 

■*■,,', ,,!lv 

Clorlll'da. daughter af Hena'pna of 
Ethiopia (ftTT'irtTfiin). Brin;; hnm *fh!te, 
her motlif ' -.uL 

The eunu d 

with the u, -.:.-. vaa 

f"ing tbrottj^h a lorcat, aaw a tiger, 
ropp^ the child, and a<iiiM:ht aaf&ty in 
fttr- '"' , -■ ^ ■ -■ ^ ^ • -.-ui 

iUtl d 

the. ■'^' 

aaJvLu bv ' ^^i^ * 

leailer ol 1 f^-d fell 

in lova Wi:.« "-., - - - - - uaknow- 
liigly in ft tii|(hl aitAck. Ikivre ibe «i- 
ptred iha reoaiviHl Chriatiaii baptiaiiL •& 
the hftadt of Taaerea, who gwil y 
moofOfid htr dotih.— Tkaao, Jsnuaitm 

(1^ iHirrowid fRkSi 

tbir '<i ^ Heli«>* 

dArUa uiauii|f (u, J, itnn.,; 

Cbrmt^ "ib« faitbhil tbtpharAtiv,^ 
mIM "The Virj^io of tha Grovs," lUtli- 

f ul to her buried lo^A. From thia I 
ful dianujier, Milton baa drawn 
"Udy" ia Ownia, <v - " 
«# Ihe **FLnt hmiii 
io Milton'a CUi«», v^ 
Qorindft : 

V«i t b*' 



jS^^Bo^ i iSlfetSanS A 

rr. « ailw tn«w eat k«Mi| ito piMl 


Il fttf mmt HW of Vto«lB ttM Mn4l mmt 

AD ru*^ uiidTlI MiudL . . . Thaa DUficic UufUiff 

tit tlU/a » J <tr£in|»4 cuai^ 

Cleris, the damsel beloTcd by princ* 

Mih^arM^i' {mi}, 

Olotaire (2 f^l>). The kio^ of France 
iK«klmfld on lus dektli-b«d, "Oh ho^ 
gmil niBit be the KiQ|^ of fleflres, if He 
can kUiJ u} mighty a mon^reb u I wn I ** 

dotan ar Oloton* Hog of Cont- 
will, oa» of the five kin^ of Britain 
aflcr tlie extinction of die lin« ol Bnitc 


CIs^fM, ft Tindidire lout, Boa of tli« 
MMod Wife of Cymbeline br n former 
bocbaitd, Ht it noted for " Kis unmena- 
ing frown^ hii »h\ii^iD^ ^Ait^ hk bunt 
of voicei biA bttiilmg insitgnific&nce, hiii 
frrtr-ijid-afiTie fit« of irnlaur, hu trownad 
fetch in«^5, hii» aOFurinciptcd malice, and 
oecaflionil gleaiui of good ■ease/' IJlotea 
li the lejecCed lover of Jmogen (the 
danprhter of hii fatber-ixi-lMw by hh first 
viff^), uid il itaiD in « doel by OuideiiuA. 
— ^h&keipeare, Cjfmheiine (1605). 

Olotha'riUB or Cixithaikk, leader of 
the Frankj aft<t the death of llur^o. lie 
u ibot with »o affow by Clonnda, — 
TaiK, Jeriuaiffm DeUt^f^ ]£i. (1675). 

Cloud, A dark tpot od the forehead 
of a, hot«e between the eyes is to called. 
It ^vcs the creature a utur look indicuUra 
of ill-tttntper^ aod tg Cliefcfore regojrded aa 
a bleoiiKk. 

Ckmd {St^t p*in>n tuiat of Tuul-iinithi. 
A play on the Fntnch word dw (*'a 

Cloudesley ( WUltttm o/), a fainons 

Konh-country mfcher, the cnuifmniun of 
Adam BdJ and Clym of the Clon(fh» 
Their feala of robben* were chiefly carried 
on In Eni^lewood EoTQ^tt ne«r Curliale. 
William wa« taken prisoner at Carliolet 
and WM about to be ban^, but wa« 
rsKued by his twro caoiiAoioiM, The 
thra* Iheo went to London to ask |»rdcia 
of th i king, whi^ at the queen' ■ ioter^ 
ecu ion was jpur.ted. The king bagged 
to iee i|i«ciiuena af their MkiU in archeir, 
and vAa »o ddigbtcd therewith, that &« 
Ibade Williani a ^'geaUtman of fe,'' and 
tibe other ino " ycmen of iu« chambre,'* 


The fi»t of WtUiAm w»e very auniUrto 
that of Wiliiam Toll (f.n.)*- PenTy, 
iUtiq^UBj 1, ii 1, 

Clout (Q»/m}, a tliepheTd lojed bj 
Marfan ** the partoo e maidj" bat foi 
whom Collo (Wha loved Clcelj?^) f«it 
affection. (Sec Colin Clo^t- 


YtMtlt OciUa Cldut. ft Cbd of e¥*Mg» d 

M incrjr wn^t Lia ubiiliki fk^ti w«n' kbuwn. 

C^ouJ (i<:)66iii)T A flbepberd, ia love with 
BloujJcJitidn. Ik challenged Cuddy to a 
conteat of aoog in prnise of their reijpec- 
tive iweel^eartfl, and Cloddipole waa 
appointed umpire, Cloddipole wa^ unable 
to award the priie, for t^ merited **«n 
oakeo ataif for hia puini*" " Hare done, 
however, for the berdi are weary of the 
■onga, and lo am t/'^— Gay, PoMtoral, u 

(Aa tmita^0n of Tirgire Eci. hi,) 

Club-Boaror {ThtY Periphe'tfis, the 
robber of Ar'golia, nirho mut4ered hii 
rictime With an Iron elub. — Gr^ Fc^, 

Clxunaey {Sir rtoi6<r%), fritber ol 
Bfiu Boydsi. A mean, lU-maonered 
■qui re and justice of the peace, tiTing 
nenr Scarboroogh, Most cnoging to tlie 
arjatocmcy, whom be toadies and courta. 
liir TunlieLly promised to give hia 
dar^hter in iiiarrjage to lord Koppington^ 
but Turn Fushicm^ hid lordsbip'ti younger 
brother^ pretende to be lord Foppiogton, 
gain« admiiiion to the family, end marriea 
her. When tbe reel lotd Foppingtoa 
errivea, he is treated aa an impostor, but 
Tom cuofe^sea Oie nine. iUs lordahip 
tt^aU the knight with istich ioeJiable i^D- 
tcuipt, that air Tuoliolly'i temper ie 
aroused, and Tom ti received into high 
favour.— Sheridan, A Trip to SoarborouaA 

*,• Thit eharaeter appean in Tan- 
brogh's iCeliips^^ of whjch comedy the 
Irw to SburWou^A ia an ahridgmenl 
and adaptation. 

CiMttvseift the Dame of Belgrade^ dog, 

Clu'ricaun© (a sfjL), an Irish elf of 
evit di!ip>iitioDf eapeeiany Doted for hie 
know ledge of hid treaa ujtp. Hegenerally 
asBumei the appearanoa of a Wftikkled ola 

Clu'tlia, the Qyde. 




C^.'^ n), the 

tb*'! f SIT M'kfter 

Sc* Lt . . . . - . MijnasUnf »nd 

The fartHn^B oj i^ujrL Capt«io Cluttcr- 
tisck ii ft i^tiJi^d ofTlcer, who cmployi 
himattf in *fitiquiirijiti rc»ejirche* mid 
Utermty StUen^jn*. TKtf AhfK*t in dwlkiit«d 
by d^e "nullinr of Wa^-rtty^" to *'c!np- 
tain ClotUrlmrk/^ Ute ut liu mftjeity*! 
— mimnUy rr pmeoU 

Clym of the Clough (** Clrmcni 
of thf Cltlf"')y « not<»4j mjtUw, n-asorifttjed 
with Adam tSell ami WUlJam of (Jlou^e»- 
lev, in KngUrwood Forest, ncAr CurJiJile. 
Vi'hcn Wilitttfii WNj taken priAooer At 
Cftrlijilct '^"d w>M ulrout to u« Kiin^tHif 
Adam and Clym fehot tli» ma^iitlniti^t 
And ^e<?rtJ^^I thuir rrnifi3Uii*,.»i, Tll« 
Tn«yt>r ^^ i ntt 

tb«tfi» biii \fsy 

bud doi>4. ,.,^ ><ir 

vmroutof tii<- ' i4'd 

to lx*n(1fn t*' M^, 

wh'n ' n'i 

ilSt> r « 

llieht^ At tii&if Bkiil Liitit he iimui^ Wil* 
lUfii A ** iffsntlrniiin uf f«," nfid the other 
two »*y€men of his cJuuwbr*,"— Percy , 
lUtupiet C Adam Ikll/* etc., L iL I). 

Cly'tie* * wiiter-oymplii, id lov« with 
AprtlH . Meetiog with no return^ nUv wm 
chsci^v^ ioto ft tanfiower, or ruthTt • 
lewMoli which tttU turns to xhv: aun, 
MlftwHlig kioi tlirougb his daily courm. 

T1)« liinllow^r dd«fl not turn to lb<^ BUfl. 


•lUlLn ... 



r-m ni*y be »efn llowcrw in 
•\ und not tme of Lhrrn 
'- '■■-'■ 'f- hju fii«t 

TJiii m*v do in prtflry, but U i« not 
coTr*»rt, Yho (iimflevrpV u »o rnJIed 
■in ply boTBUM the flower fMemblei » 
piotiire inn* 

Lord ITmrlc- "«'' adopt «J To» 
lloort't fifrof^ ; 1 it: 

Ko nO>#' 

pill 'ii<it»» iiid •tjhHrqticiiUy in 

liui ler At a l*fln<(uct, when 

lOiiUUt Alc.\andcr m hii ra^e iiUftljbed 

th« old 9oIdier; bat inatantlj 
and Hid: 

ii.c r*i# riMiuriii M rut rrf«r 

-71 b 

by Fitt-Allcn, tarl of 


fora _ _. 

Tin poor, tb* hoMUdrnw ckM 


Cne'USf tli« Romjin tiWkCKT in 

niftsd of thr ^ --* ' --* '■ ■^- 

of Jcftua^ 

the body^ 

riBen from Uic JtinJ. 

Mefiah, xifi. (1771}< 


ftafcii* tb* Bd^ oBvli MMl tf IWn MMk Mb* Ui. 

Coals. 2« c*irry cwj/», to put np wiUl 
ilTrunU, Tha Ujv layt ia i/#vy T, 
{tLct lit. ftc^ *2)f "I ku«w . , , the men 
wrntld dkity ctiftiji/' 8o in ICortitv tmd 
Juimt (net i, »€♦ I), *^ GpKVfory, o' my 
word| well not carry coftlj." Ben Jon^ 
MiQ, in Ki-^ry Man out of JJi* Jlumtmr^ 
nay* * ** Her* t-timea one thai wilJ ca/ry 
coklHf cr|/o, will hold my dog.** 

TTi* Umm Wth ><mn *kwn t viphW '* vaOfmal |» fllflfr 

(7a airry osm, Is to bcaf wealth. 
to Iw rich. Jh diM$ AOl carry d/m vtiif 
** He doea nai d«port hiuwell witll ill hii 

Co'iin(7V)j %tlie**Ffttli«i 

of Mcdiciuc" (ii. 


ti^ii. t^Tfrnt^rw, 

Go^ftnooot'sin (6 «y/.), Vmg of th« 
As'Ucaa. Slftio in bailie by Hadoow— 
Soothey, ifodS«(I^A)* 

€k>'«teL daughter of Aeui'hua. a prleM 

of the AaWaa, and wif? nf (jri-v-ra. 

Liocoya, being dooi' . , 

fled for refuse to ' U 

prince, who £ul recw i« 

North American coa^' y 

•QtFMtcd by him. I 

ft •}ni|i>athetic « 

■traxiKi^ri, and ' n 

thi*wirii: li. '! *'\ 

wan ^. ^n 

t«*f I 

tiX>k '• 

Bfadoc w.. til 

reiouc hw. 

carrt olT y^^ue^; Ut'vl. Allcf the dtfoig 


of tlM AstMM br the White ftrangeiB, 
tlie chief prieit d«el*red that some one 
bad piwrea atmiior, and resolved to die- 
eorer who H was by handing round a cap, 
which he said would be harmless to the 
iimoeeiik bat death to the guilty. When 
it was handed to Coate( she was so 
frightened thai she dropped down dead. 
Her father stabbed himself, and **foU 
upon his diild,** and when Loncoya heard 
thereof, he flanff himself down from a steep 
precipice on to ue rocks below. — Southey, 
Madoe (1806). 

Cobb (Ephraim). In Cromweirs troop. 
—Sir W. Scott, Woodstock (time, Com- 

Cobbler-Poet (The), Hans Sachs 
of Nuremberg. (See Twklvb Wuk 


Cobham (Eletmor), wif^ of Hom- 
phrey duke of Gloucester, and aunt of 
king Hcni^ VI., compelled to do penance 
bare-foot m a sheet in London, and after 
that to lire in the Isle of Man in banish- 
ment, for " sorceiy.** In 2 Henry K/., 
Shakespeare makes <)ueen Margaret ** box 
her ears,*' but this could not be, as 
Eleanor was banished three years before 
Margaret came to England. 

BUad lortti, dMM tkmnar Cobham. Glocte'a wifc . . . 
Too. nadua . . . datpoUM of your honour . . . 
Shall, aftar Uitm da^s opan peiuuioa doua, 
Lhra lo four eoantrj hare In baiilahnieiit. 
With ilr /aha Stanlay. In the U)« of Man. 

Staikopaara. S Utnrp ri. act tt. K. 1 aVl). 

Cocagne (The Land of), a poem full 
of life and animation, by Hans Sachs, 
the cobbler, called " llie prince of meis- 
ter-singers ** (1494-1674). — SeeCockaigne, 

Cock and I^e. Douce explains thus : 

la Um dajn of chirMlry It waa th« pracUca to maka 
■oltiB vo«B for tha parfomiaooa of any confldflrmbla 
tBlarprL«. Tbto was UMiaUjr dub* at KiiMe fcatiraL wfaoo 
a raatad pcacork. belnc aerred up in a dlih of Ruld or 
tfvar, waa preMniad to tha knlgbt. who than mada hlf 
vow wtth graat ■oiamnitjr. 

Cook of Westminster (7-^). 
Castell, a shoemaker, was so called from 
his very early hours. He was one of the 
benefactors of Christ's Hospital (London). 


Thg Biack Cuckade. Badge of the 
house of HanoTer, worn at first only by 
the servants of the royal household, the 
diplomatic corps, the 'army, and navy; 
but now worn by the servants of justices, 
deputy-lieutenants, and officers both of 
the militia and volunteers. 

The White Cockade, (1) Badge fd the 
FCoarts, and hence of the Jacobites. f2) 
Bad^e of the Ik>urbons, and hence of toe 
If yuiats of France. 

201 COCKLE. 

7^ Whiie and Oreen Cockade. Badgt 
worn bv the Freaeb iatbe "Seven Teass* 
War" (I75fi>, 

The Blue md Ecd Cockade. Badg« of 
the city of Paris from U&^, 

The Tncoiour was the union of th« 
iohite Bmtrbon and bive and r«f of lh« 
city of Parii* It was adopted br 
Louis XYL al the H6tel it yill% 
July 17, 17811, and has ever since b«ea 
recugnizcd as the naElDDal symbol, ex- 
cept durin|;tli« brief ^* restoration,*' when 
th« Bciuibon white was fox the tim« 

liityiii Coffkadea are lar;^ and cirfnJafi 
half the disc projects above the top of 

Nami Cockades bare no fan^haped 
appenda^$T *nd do not project above tho 
top of the haL 

(All other coclcadea woiti for Ut«:i7 
Aie &n-ahaped,) 

Cockaigne' ( I^ Land o/), an imagi- 
aary land of pleasure, wealtii, lujumy, 
And idleness. Loudnn U so esllea. 
Ikiileau sxifjlies Uie word to Paris. The 
Latid (ij Coktwuf h the subject of a bai" 
lt!JV]ui}» whidi, Wftrton Mys^ ** was evi- 
deaily written soon after the Con<|iiest, al 
least before tbe reLfn of Heoiy IL? 
—Bist&rf^ of En^jiiih PtM^trtf^ u 12. 

Ttw tMwP9 nr^ DuO* of t«riej-w|^ uul ^^m, Eb* 
ptT«!eii wvra pived wiQt fmOry, 1^4 Xiim tba-^ tu|irpll!«| 
pjwli ulthout r«|ulrlrk![ munc}' in pAj^ntt- iif.,— T'^ Ltt^ 

(This satirical poem b printed at 
length by KUisn in bis Specimen of EiXFtjf 
£n^iM, PoetM, i, e3-»50 

CockGr (Edicnrd) published a oaeM 
trc]'4iti»e on arithinetic in the reigti of 
C'hurks IL, whkh luid a prudigioiu su<y* 
LM?ss, and ha* itriv^n ri«e tn the proverb^ 
"' Ai'cordinij to Cocker " (lti^i!-l^j75J. 

Cockle (Sir JohH)^ the miller *>! 
BUfi!jl;ieldH| and keeper of Sherwood 
ForeiiL Hearing a gun fired one ni^ht. 
he went into the foresL^ expet:ting to $mA 
pimcher*, sad fltiied the kiog (Henry 
V I n ,), who had been hunting and had got 
scimmted from his courtiers. Ulien the 
miiler discovered thnt his captive wtkji not 
a iiHiAcherf be offered him s nii^ht's liRi^ini^, 
Next day the L-oartkr* vf^tt Urflught to 
C»ckle*s house by under-keepets, to b* 
ejta mined as poachers, and it wa« the* 
diBcotered ^st the miller's gu^t waa 
tbe king. The ** merr^' moaarch ** 
knif^hted the miller, and settled oq hm 
HJm murks a veHr.—R. Dodsley. I^f 
King and the Mdier of MantfieM (1787). 




Cockle of Hebellion (The), Ihnl 
h Ui« urerii cAlkd the cockJe, not Um 

Vr» itourlah mint oar ■ 

:t UL It 1 ftPH, 

» . fc fitrh diy 

T '< '• IB plMcvd 

*Tv inn. 

ytt out of the iv He 

niAltct bctii^'love to f »ind 

IdiHti Ljui \Uond ; but hit^^n lie hUI '^tdi 
|istKi '* it Lh«v cro«« him, 

/'«n<r£uj[ic 6jc*?kfy, ii«t«r of Walter, — 

T/*Jt Kump (aitcred from Bickentftifi 
{jnm m f Am? Of^). 

Cockpit of Europe, Beti^itim in m 
CaUcc) bcs-Ausc it ha£ beett tbc* uiic of itiore 

Euroftc*n hdtlU.N r^ rhrr: <*-j^ 

OudiinAnic^ KumiP '>% Fl**u- 

fUi, Jeuimnpttt, L uira Ikua, 

Cocv'tu»» «*# flf tJ»<^ <^v# riT^*rt ftf 

bf^ * ■ ' ' ' r of 

w \^- 

AcK'eftKQf I'tilc^^cLhun, and Le'tli^, {Sec 

IbaM on ll*» fvwtol .traata. 

COBlebfl* Wife^ « Liiclitdur'i id<«l of 

A UUkIlI fiifi*. Trtlrlia l» fhr h*rt» uf H 

nuv«fl ! ' , entitled 

: .^Hjtia 

Coinn (/x?n7 Tom), the 
chihnKUrr «Vf*r dr»wtt, tlr- b 

In r/i*' /V<?^, 4 r 

IVjpirr, of New \ 
hft* I'l-t't'i ilriiihutt 


V , 

ll.»*9 ii.'ij-iij]^, lit* iiiii* w rr> irij:; 

^inif^ld-itiiudcd allcctiotj, mnd 

Ooeift nouaB&in» the 
loity tJiievoA, oijtwiu^Mi )>y Mr 
•live. When, m tJae *.- 
€ilJ^^ he W9i* eiitcTtait>4 

And fcJiiMil 1.' c;*l ►Uiv I , 

>dg loiu 
hii reck- 

Ilia love fut 
CApUin o/t 

pla> .^ 

ahc i _ , trt 

fetid kiiicd bim.— ^ra6iaii Att^hts i'^'All 
lUU or the Forty Tliieree "). 

Coila (2 ffw/.), Kyle^ In Ayrthir*. 8o 
caIJihJ imm Coilui, a Pictilih nioTiiimh, 
Snmetimet aU ScotUod U »o eaJledi 


Cola'da, the aword tak^n by tlie CSd 
fioui I{«mui) iicr'cniifcr, count of lf»fve- 
lo'n*. ItkU fwurd tuul two bilu of aotid 

CoFax* FUtterv pernmifiM in Tftt 
I'urffie hland (hJ;tJ), by Iliin^e. Hel- 
chtr. CuIax "»tll hill wor^; u»f 

0|iicrui » , « letM hts tongii id 

tek'Hi rent of abAme , . , n i*^ 

to hide Aftd Dnt %n be*l a iwre." ^ttUy 
d<*9onbrd in canto vtii. (tiMflk, l0te»a 
'* A flAtt*'Tt?r or fawner/') 

Colbrand or Colebrond C* if*»)j 

Uitf l^ani#h pant, ilain in Uie i.rt'^nc* 
kinj^ Ai}i«lstjitt« dy sir Ciu; 
ju«t returned frotn a l>i^- 
*' in hf'tiielv russi't clud," nu 
** a btruuVs sUfT." Tur 
JeM-ribcd at Icn^^ by \>t%> u 



. . . hji4 powrr to taar tht lolhto 


Colchos, part of Aeiatie So'tliiA, 
oow ealkd lrfingr«lla. Th« reri 
frhirh tbe Ar^nauti direclcd 

Cold Harbour House, the nric^ 

nal Ucral^^- - 'i -- f ,., i- . t , Kichatd 

!J„ in \ r^' X\U 

tttmed tJi' ^ATt die 

boujte tft bisili'p 1 u!*>«tfii. 

Cotdfttream (.SVr (^ri£M), the cfaieT 

■ - hi Omrlei Mathcw* -'-<- "!?rd 

He ie whoil* ••• 

■ nilmirp iTi aJitit ■ ■ ' * 

t of oiciatai mmnliy 

ai]<i -y. 

C'> : -<. a Ic^eodary ItHt^tb 

Til i JM **a "jld «*ilUt'* 

I I -I li,.- [•'}•«", fond uf liU' i^h>"'r aiid 

fofld of ki» '' liddlrT> ' f« 

twu kinp to called"' ** 

the prc*iccea«or of l^-.,.^ , • <». - ~*. U. 





wu iuec«d«d by LuciiUf *^ihfl Unt 
HriLisb ki^ who embraced ^e ChnitmD 
reJiii^ioa*" ^^Tiieii of Ui*»e two oiythical 
hJiigi tlur scmg relien ta U luit evidcat* 

€oit (i/rj.). This dwracter i» de- 
dgncd for Mother Dod^La^ who ke|)t « 
**|j^tIeGpen*t mo^iine of fnil beAubea'* 
b a »ap«;rbly niniifhed bonae at tbe 
Qonb^eafit comer of Coveat Gwden* Sbe 
di*d 176L--S. Foobe, T^ Mimr (1700). 

Ooloiil (^ «yf-)i <lie great dn^on 
•lain bf iJr B«ru of &outbAmpt04i« — 
I»raytoa, /Wfo^bion, iL (ltSI2). 

ColeJUi^rft (3 «y^4| « poettal name 
lor » cook, Tb« word lA comi>ouQded of 
comf and mirtf , 

Ad4 jMd ^ lot*, tf waA till ' 

Cole'p«pper (Ojpfiiii) or CAfTjiisi 
PicpP»BCL*LL, tbe Aiaatiaa buUj.— Sir 
W, ScoU, /brfiwwi 0/ A'yd/ (dai«» 
Jaiaes L). 

CoUn, or in Scotch Cailen, O^^Mn 
0&/iiIt tbe laird of DuiiaUtiug^, m calkd 
from the gro«n ooLour whieb prevailod ia 
bii Uutaa. 

Qcilm And Boealimda^ la Tha 

&^p*«ntf*# QtiiWidr (1579), bv Edoi. 
Bpeniier, Roaalinde is the maideD vainly 
ti«lDT-«il by GdIid Clmjt, as her eboice was 
already fixed on the ihepherd Menaka^}. 
Eo««iiadfl b ait *jiii^ram of ** Uv^e 
TAiziii/* a lady beloved by Spenser (CWia 
Ofovt), but f£oK Daoil bad already flxed 
ber affect tonn oa John Plurio the Heio- 
liile, whom the subsettiteaUy married* 

As4 I tn ilMM «(tl hi te bod 
(tf Anrl4M« Ute aw«r, 

II, Pfwtiii, fit ■■■111 funi. 

Colin Clout, the putoral imme fts- 
•unied by the poet fsp^aer, in The i%ep* 
kennk*t Qii^mdar, Tfm Rmni of Tarn, 
Ikiphnaida^ and in the pastoral poem called 
QAiA Qtmi^s Qjitm Hiitns A^m {\mm bia 
T%£\% to air Walter Raiai^b). Eel. i. aud 
fXu are s>i:>UlcH>].uies of Colin, Xim-v,^ lameoH^ 
tations tb*t Ro«aliade will not return hii 
Inre. KcL ri. is adiiLlogue between Hob- 
binol and Colin, in wbidb the former tri«» 
to comfort iLe disapiwinted lover. Eel. 
xi. b a dtftln^e between Thenot and 
Cotifi. Tbeoot bcgfl CoLin to sin^ some; 
jt*you8 biy ; but Colio plead* ^jrief i.-r 
tbc dealb of the shupfa^eii-dcaA Uido, iod 
Ibcu lin^i a monody on tbo gnat ibep^ 

beideet d«c«ased. in ecL ri. we ir« told 
Chat Ro&alinde haa b«troth«d hoiatlf to 
the ihepberd Meonicas (I57dk 

la the la«t book of the Fair^ Ommh, 
we hav« a reference to ^*Colm and his 
labile ^' (Spenser and bie wife) suppoted 
to be £Ji£abetht and die where caUf>d 
•*Mirabella." (See Cloi;t, etc.) 

WlUiM OQT Cdlla. wiMn Qwi- m 

Awl >il tb« Mum uiuMd . , . 

r«t in Wi hojMiirM« erHWd, «ir «Mi teOM I 

riwitr. jwor nuik. b* UvM; p^iorb, Mur mu, ta «M 
^ Fklda*. TAi iWiJ* /SdiW« I. 1 t^SI|», 

£Wi* C/on* owl All Zrf^w, referred to 
in tho last book of the Ftiit^ QutwM, ar« 
Speniwr and hb wife EHiabeUi, eJsewbar* 
called **Miiai«lla"(159S), 

Colin Clout's Oom« Home Again. 
"Ctflin Clout" i» yp^'nier^ who h/ni Li^a to 
Londun oti a visit ui ^*the Shepherd of the 
Ocean " (air Walter lUIeigb), in 16^ ; oa 
bis return to Itikolman, in lreUnd| he 
wrote this poem, " Hobbinol " hU fnand 
(Uftbfid Harvey, LL.D.} telb him how 
all Ibe sbeji^hertta had mitscd bimj and 
b«ga htm to rtilate to him and thtm hi« 
adventur^a while abroad. The paatoral 
contains a eulogy of Hritiflh contemp^rarf 
r)oet#, and of the court bemtties of nu««ii 
kli/abeth (151*1), (SeeCoLTM.) 

Colin Tampon, the nickname of a 
Swiiit^^ aa Jijh.n liull means an fii^liah* 
man^ etc. 

CoUdttO {Ymmi\ or "Yleb Alitter 
More/' or ^* Aliater M^Doondl/' a Hi^h- 
Und chief in the army of Montroee,— 
^ir \V. Si^u, LciMmi 0/ ifoiUfV^ (tljoe. 

CkiUean (J/"ay)i the heroine of a 
Scotch ballad, which relates bow *^ fknse 
sir itohn "' carried her to % rock for the 
purpoae of throw injg: her down Into the 
sea ; but May outwitted htm, and sutK 
jected him to the same fate as be bad 
designed for her. 

Colleen', Lm. " pri \ " CoUeea bawn 
("the blond cirl ") i Colleen rhue (" tb#" 
red-haired prl"), etc. 

*,* Dion lloudcault has a drama esi* 
lit led 7"*;? OulUtti iitiwn^ founded upon 
li«ruld Griffin 1 novel 7%t C^UtfjUtHm. 

Collier (Jf^nij a amu^ler^^Sir W, 
Scott) UedjawUiet (iiuie^ Geov^e ill*)* 

Collingboume's Hh^me. Thm 

rbyme for whidi OuUJ^tjfbouma wet 
executed was : 




t I mmmitm% 


I CM cud nc tl 

t oMr mlM«d to dM te^ he ter* C« iMr] » 

■ piuM 4av» h«9v bwn* thmt nwna pr|onk 

'^ 'I 1 UMd iriU) oibtf mdfVi. 

MOM U^wif, JttlvMfb] «t 

Hi JUte Ite «n«* thai Uic7 tn vr*«n«1r wrvt 

OoHing^rood and the AcomB. 
Collin^wood never saw k vncant place b 
bit etUiU, but he tcKtk &d iMuom out of hit 
fiTM^kri und popfMfd It in.— Tbadtei*^, 
^aruty Fatr (1848). 

Colmal, daif^hter of Ihinthnlmo 
k»rd of T«?uthii /fAi' Twtcd). Her father, 
hftvi- ' 'ritlimor in hi« htLlla, 

tif' tih^nonHof Ui^liiiltfr^ 

C*- ■■ in iiiK c?\vn tmumji { 

but If. ;** I .1 he 

4]«t4vt«4l m, 

«ad£ie iiji._^i. .t. .., ,1.,... . , - :..*ve» 

on the bftQkf of tii« 1 wecd^ intcDdine to 

kill Wx^m. (>>iiit*l, who wiw in Idva 

wit' ' ' V ' t tlie two 

Tin ctiurt of 

Fm 1th 300 

nii'i-:. . . ■ ! 'ttrv- 

tbrtJi the 

irA« Uiund to ftn onk, but wju Ii'h t <'>'I 
by Oftnian,^ and joined in mAiria,^^ i > i ' i 
mjii^ with nrhom he lived luvin^lN in the 
tuiilii of Tt>utha.— Osiiianf L\dOum omf 

Colmar, brother of Culthon. Vn^vt^ 

ijuitv v(iuiiL' their father Wft» in«Tdirr*d 

by ' c»m« Oiriiinit him 

by > him in m* ti*D«|urt 

Ha I . .. I i fout!;ht up 

llv When 

gr r he ob- 

■cr riad 

til- r.,l4t 

the iJ^U). in 

luve wii Turn 

crav, .1,1 ,!■ 


h»' M . i I M ■ . [ I Mf u ui^L bt'lurv .Liij . 

Crjltiiim-kn! n<)W eallinl lr.-*iliii 



bmyin^-gfuvui is 

« JliiiiH. Ml IL H, 4 (UMH 

ColiuuDozut (**/(w o/ Atffw*"), 
dAi]|;hicr of klog Cu'a!. Fioiptl itnt 
OaaiAD and Toscar to mine % inenH<rinl 
on t^ie bauka of the Crona* to ricrpetuiita 
the memory of a victory he had obtained 
there. Canil invit^'d tlkc twro ^uuti|f 
Taen to hie hall, and Tuscar fell lu lov'« 
w-ttb Colna^lJona. The paaatom beini; 
inutnalf the Imtber comtenbnl to theif 
eii[tuuaalj».»OMiaa, Cott^^Ikma* 

Cologne iTK« ihfm kmg9 o/)^ tbt 
three Mo^f cAilod Gai|Mir, MeJduor, and 
Ualtlia'^iLr. i»a»()af mcana *'Lbe whiU 
one : " Melrhiorf ** king of li^ht ; ** 
IlalliiaJtar, *' lord of treaau^rta**^ lUoi^* 
stockt in The Mtwuh^ nayt tibera wen 
six Ma4£i, whom he calli Hadad, Sel'ltnai 
Zinin, Mirja, [ielod. and Sanitb. 

•,♦ The **tiire« Ma^ »ro rarionily 
named ; thua one tradition ctvtA them 
aa Af)«^Ulu«^ Ameruf, and Damatcua i 
another calls Lhciu Ma^Alath« (talm^aiath, 
and Saraain ; a third aay* they wcr* 
A tor, .Sator, and l*enit'nm». They am 
furtbcniiore Mid Ut \^ dvaccndanta ol 
llalaaiu the MeaopotAtnian propbrt. 

Colon, one of the nhUle Iraden io 

1* meant for Nod IVrryas or 

, an oftler. He «r«a ft rigid 

f low moialat" aad rory food 

u( bear-bii.mng. 

Colonna ( The numTuii oHt, * linjli- 

irct * 

ody k 

bia ' ■'* 

vhui r- 

(.If cour?.! Li'_- I:' 

vico marks hiin ' • 

acheme ii U> ^' ti 

free will* to inur -d 

thm kitiff, Wul \Y 





., -^ . ;i.» 

^ a baoaiivt witJb 

M wUpn m0 wHola 

CWutiM, thft mo«t aoirihem oipa «f 
Attica, tr^lctmm makm it tiM aU« cl bli 






•drfpfmedL" It 

md Byran 

Ucd'ophon. the end cUuae of a book 
ateiatftibTiieoMe oi 

_ I of the printer end 

publiiher^end the piece where the book 
wtm printed: in former tunes the date 
■ad ttie edition were added also. Colo- 
phon wae a eitj of lona, the inhabitants 
of which were soch eatcell e n t horeemcn 
ttet ther eonld tun the scale of battle ; 
heace the Qreek proverb to add a coh- 
pkm neaat^ to ** pot a finishing stroke 

OolosBOS (Latin, OotointB), a gi- 
gantic brsien natue 126 feet hish, esce- 
cated by Gharte fbr the Khodians. 
Blaise de Yignen^ am it was a striding 
tgore, but oomte de Gaylos proves that 
it was not so, and did not even stand at 
the esooth of the Rhodian port. Philo 
Islla Bs that it tiood on a Uoek of wMU 
mmUtf and Lodos Ampeilius asserts 
that it atood m a car, Tickell makes oat 
tiie statna to be so enormoos in sixe, 

WhB* at OM foot tiM thronidiic BUtayi Hda. 
A «hal» boMfOi mO HWM iMchadibt tethi 
Btrrtit Um bnuMB thli^ In Ioom «rt». 
Xm IkMMiia MnuMf* oa tlM Mllov* plv. 

TlckaU. On th» ^rotptat 9f fmt*. 

CM'thred {B€njamin) or "Uttle 
Benjie," a spy employed by Nixon 
(Edward RedgaontletTs agent).— Sir W. 
Scott, Sedgaunilet (time, George III.). 

Columb {St.) or St, Coiumha was 
of the family of the kings of Ulster: 
and with twelve followers founded 
amongst the Picts and Scots 300 Chris- 
tian establishments of presbyterian cha- 
tacter: that in lo'na was founded in 

n» Plctt* MM bf SL Ootamb taM«hl 

OolomlmB. His three ships were 
the Santa Marian the Finta, and the 
iTcao. — ^Washington Irving, Hittoru of 
tkt Lif€, etc, o/Colwnlmt, 188. 

Oolyn Clout ( The Boke of), a ihym- 
tng six-syllable tirade against the cleigy, 
by John Skelton, poet-laureate (14^ 

Comal and Qalbi'na. Comal was 
the son of Albion, "chief of a hundred 
hills.** He loved Galbi'na (daughter of 
(;onlech), who was beloved by Grumal 
also. One dav, tired out by the chase, 
CoouU and Gaibina rested in the cave of 

Ronan ; but ere long a deer appealed, 
and Comal went forth to shoot it* 
During his absence, Gaibina dressed hei^ 
self in armour ^to tiT his love,** and 
'* strode from the cave.**^ 0>mal tiion^ 
it was Gnimal, let fly an arrow, and she 
fell. Hit chief too late discovered Im 
mistake, inshed to bsttle, and was slaiiu 
— Osuan, Fingalf ii. 

Com'ala» daughter of Samo kinc of 
Inistore {tht Orkneus), She fell in Tonr« 
with Fingal at a feast to whidi Same 
had invited him after his return froa 
Denmark or Lochlin (Finffoi, Hi.). 
Disguised as a youth, Gomala fbUowed 
him, and begged to be employed in Us 
wars ; but was detected by Hidallan. son 
of Lamor, whose love she had slighted. 
Fingal was about to marry her, whea 
he was called to oppose Caracul, who had 
invaded C^odonia. Comala witnessed tiia 
battle from a hill, thought she saw Fingal 
slain, and though he returned victorioos. 
the shock on her nerves was so great that 
she died. — Ossian, ComaUu 

Coman'ohes (3 syL), an Indian tribe 
of the Texas. (See Cam anches.) 

Comb (Beynanrs Wonderful), said to 
be made of Pan'thera's bone, the per- 
fume of which was so fragrant that no 
one could resist following it ; and the 
wearer of the comb was idways of a 
merry heart. This comb existed only in 
the brain of Master Fox,~~£4unara tk§ 
Fox, xii. (1498). 

Co'me (St.), a physician, and patrcn 
saint of medical practitioners. 

"By 8L OmMi** «ld tb* mveon, "han't A fNMy 

•dvsiituni-'— UmC*. aU Ma*. tU. 1 (17U). 

Come and Take Them. The r»- 
ply of Leon'idas, king of Sparta, to the 
messen^rs of Xerxes, when commanded 
by the invader to deliver up his arms. 

Com'edy (The FatKer of), Aristoph'- 
ancs the Athenian (b.c. 444-380). 

Comedy (Prince of Andentj. Ariatonh'- 
anes (b.c. 444-380). 

Comedy (Prince of New), Menandei 
(B.C. 342-291). 

Comedy of Xhcrora, by Shakespeave 
(1693). iEmUia wife of Mafiotk had two 
sons at a birth, and named both of theas 
Antipholus. When grown to manhood, 
each of these sons had a slave named 
Dromio, also twin-brothers. Thebrothen 
Antipholus had been shipwrecked fa 




Iiifbiify, ftnd buHjk; picked tip by diflcrtnl 
veiielii were cAmcd noe tn SyrttcuM ftnd 
ibe rttbcr tr» Frhrsu^ 1 h. f»Uy sufK 
iioftcs thftt J^ 'f^iiMi K^M 

In #^#rf*b of ! . fHuintc to 

Ell, :- -^riei 

ilk itcif 

two ikiavt*. A ail t matt, i ' Uic 

E|:»h«-«Uti, mbtiike« the for 

»ti Ei»y »» «rou»©d» 

g^r,. rifi iifTivi>« hff in 

t.m:*it<J Hi" II " "' ■ 

Synicu»i»ii \". 
iupnntiin^ it 

bri^kfn lortwi*,, iteiiilA Lo cit^Aufv hiiti ; but 
lie flt«« into B fonv*«nU AntlrinnA now 
j^^-, k,_ ^.,.,.^-;.-. ijcfftftp tin? dtike, And 
ij mw tnU» court. So 

Im r»4-h oth^f, tbf mi*- 

UkcM irt i:X^ i' ,' ■• ' Mini t!„- ,.kl,1,r...-: tun,:. 
out lO t>C A''.n:\.r' I'.!- n • i.' VI . ' ■- I. ■ ! ■. . 1 1 -■ ] 

brothrrs. Ni»^, a w,, 1,,i4>im-,,.-,i tV, a 
JK^!fii»n, iManthifii; fnr hta nun, hJim) c*mci 
to Kph^vilf^ «fcnH wiut ctynd^n] n«il to {|Miy • 
fine *»r iulfi r ' ' ' ' Syr*- 

cujiUn, b»i1 The 

duke, howi', fjftf- 

d<m«d Utmf >^ife 

In tha ultUn^ »t»»i» 

and w«'h »rin 

•»• *rhc plot ct y M cupiad 

ttifm the i/tfiuBiA^i« 

Comli&l or CTotabaL ion of Tra- 

thai, i»T>*T frtih^T "f rrii^'rtl. It»« qurrrt 
wai M 
Jul « 

Oie UiU ... iv. , .... ...., — ^ — .-- 

f is^ VM bom. — Livstm, 

Cominandizient ( Tfu 
Th«ru fthftit not b« found oat. 


» IIM Hl^ «f 

mineiL iJ»^ f*vtTiir ^ 

••Ihc Hold," d«k. 

>tl by tir W, ,>V. .. ,♦. ^»r,r,.; . ^ 

f (time, KdWMMlVo. 

Oominc Hrent^ 

IMier. Tb« Lialmr lla^i b«CWMD C«iu- 
iMdi and Cranal.--OMltfu 

bi LUk cilia |iIiM« (,U"t, nd4-444^ 


th«r It U f ttaJIv UbmiuiiI tQ hMv M* UkaM 4«gr>>— A K. 

OQ Tnmifig eg (3 iyL) tdfunt dlr), tha 
hert» of « nor el iO called by Vd*. di 
Tcncin (1681-1749). 

Ootnmittce (TAO, * <-ow**ly by tlra 
Hon, nir R. Howjird. Mr. l>iiy. a Croni- 
wdtit«, ii the head of n < -t.. .**-.. (i| 
Seqiic*trntton^ und iit « di:^> ajj 

nMc&l, under the thttmb oi Ma 

Bet« into hift hiitid* U»« iir- i, , r twe 
MireMMi Ann« and Arbvlla. Thr fornicf 
hf calls Hulb, and pauev her oft b« bit 
own daughter I the latter be wenta to 
ciKirry rn hu Imobv *on Abel. KuUi fall* 
b 1.." " ' •>-.--. ^.^ 



Mr. l>ay errivc5. 
1' M! UiaiidicL 
.oil Id 




hu natB II 


Km^Jit rcpr&d»n;«d tliia comody w 
ft fftrce tender the title tif IV UtiMil 

Oominoii (/*«^t *«» ■lly 0^ B^btk 
thealeiujiaiat.— IkB J«n»uo, TyAk)h«myi 

Commoner (7^^ Ormi), •!? J<>bo 

tb ■'«» 





i lilitrty U* 
ht* prcfeTT 
ui** tuiLcamafi, tt •« v-«»».-j ■ 

Gr ft ift 

^urtij f*jii5r*f»*"tMJi, tijf iu"m'n»vn, HJHigb* 

ter lif Akxltia Ormalmia, ^mptum of 
Gr*«ce.— Saat oovaL 


CompNeyson, a wmdd-be centlemHi 

an if 



Oom'nde (« iW)i **^ l»<>^ «»*«* ^^ 

a Calfy to Foitonio. 

N«M*aMrMr>e!iinili« . «* tfftik 

H «WI<« dim i ••<< ^rnlB immm whai% t*^ |i»>iW 

• iely 

ComoA. lb* ^ «< 


mmm'i **OMqm *' to CJiIled, the ^^My"" 
li lady Alice Egeiton, tho younger 
fcfotiie/ it Mr. Thomu Puerto d^ nnd tbe 
ddtr bf other Li toni v^ificount Dmeldey 
(«l4l«ft min of .Toll a e«rl of Bri%cM'iii«r, 
pwito> of WjOu). The kdy, ve&Tj 
wllk losg walkin^p u left in a wood by 
bar two bmtbefii irHiJ« Uiey eo to gallieT 
NatoUi^ fndi'* fof h«r. 6b« ^Ekgs to 
lit tb«CB kiMi« her Krberabout^, uid 
Cmi«% mming npj pftimla«ft lo conduct 
ha to a oottagie tiU bet bfotlieii could 
%• feewL Tlie tootlwni h«Aftiig « nmt* 
«f ftPdiv, iMoome »l»rnieid ftbout ttieif 
ilVt wn«A Iat 2«iftnli«a iiptrit iitfomu 

IkiB l^ai A« hM iBlliB into til 
flf Oaoa- Unj no to hur tmcamt tund 
anifw Jvsl u Ibt god b Offfniag hk oMp^ 
tiw S |wtlint ; tile brothen Bei£« the etip 
■ad dwt it on, the grouzid, while th« Bpint 
favakat Sabn'tu, wlio breakt ti)« ip&U 
- - Ith«lidj(l6d4>. 

Oo^U^ Of COB^ a Tir«r la SootlBnd, 
ftJliag into Whlereti, It U dbtiii- 
MQlili«d fiM the »i3blttpity of iti wesatry, 
Glmk^cot b Ibfi gloa tkdd bj tfa« H'Do- 

naldi {the chief of thi ckn Mne called 

Haclftn), In *' 0«»«n/' the b«fd OwiAn 
^o of Fio^) u ealled '* The volc« (kf 

C^piiaoh'ar, the Hwhluid apbT«ntlc« 
«f fiitiion Glover^ th« oi3 g lovei of Perth. 
id Ipvc with hLi m&iter"* 

CkthuinQg cdled " tho fiir 
[ of l^erth ; " but Catharinig loves and 
vitimaldy iiuim€4 H«nry Smithy the 
afmoanr. Coiuchar U at a lat«r period 
Ian Eaehin {Ilecivr] M'las, chief ^i the 
cUa Qitfacl<.--Sir W. S^tt, i^bir Maid of 
iWA (time, Henry IV,)* 

Canax, aon of Ti^nmort and fini 
•*hinjf ©f Imlaad," Wbca &e Fir-balg 
(or Bel^ frooi Bntaia settled in th« 
aenrfA of Indaod) had reduced the Ckel 
(or «alofiy of {^iedoniaitB Hltled in thje 
moHA of irtla&d) to the lojt extremity 
hf w^ the Oaei tent to Beoilasd fm 
mad, Tratbd (graDdfat;her of Fiogal) 
■iccordii^ly aent oyer Conar with an 
army tu timt aid ; and Coo^r, haWni; 
redmoed the Ftr-bo% to submission, ta^ 
tam^ the title of "'king of Irdaad/' 
Conar was iiiceecded by bis a^on Cormae 
I CatrnMc ], by his son Cairbro; Cair- 
btt by Ida aoo Artbo ; Artho by hk aon 
Gucvtac II. (a miaof); and C^rmac faft«r 


a a%ht intentgnam) bj 
(leitAnd by nogal).— OMian. 

Con-Cathlin (means <'mild I 
the wAve "), the pol»«tar. 

Ccmfbmio AmmniAu, by Goww 
nmd), nbova 80,000 renei. It k • 
dialogue between a lorar and hk mm* 
feaaor, a piieat of Venoa named Geaftna* 
As evtff rice k wtamiabief a lover mnil 
be free from rice in order to be amiabk^ 
1(7. bdovod; oonaeqncntlj, Qenina ex* 
amioes the lorer on ereiy riee bef6ia ba 
will grant him absohition. Talt after lato 
k introduced by the oonfeasor, to dMnr 
the evil effects of particnkr rices^ and 
the lover k ton^i science, and **«faa 
Arl«to4«lian philosophy,** the belter to 
eqiup him to win the lore of hk efaolea. 
The end ti Terr stnmge : The tovar does 
not eomplAin that the lady k obdniato or 
eaithkts, bat toat ha himself has aiowB 

Goww k indebted a good deal to 
Eusebius's Greek romance of Jtmini tmd 
igmcauis^ translated by Yiterbo. Shak*- 
•pwre draw hk Pencki Frmot 0/ 2Vr« 
from the same romance. 

Confession. TheemperorWeneedas 
ordered John of Nep'omuc to be cast from 
the Muldaa brid|^ for lefusinff to repeal 
the cozLfeasion of the empress. InemaiiyT 
was canonized as St. John Nepoma'caik 
and hk day k May 14 (1880-1883). 

CkknftiBion worse Conlbiinded. 

Ckingreve (Tha Modtm), R. B. 
Sheridan (1751-1816). 

• namttUm <f mm 
, MMmmtmn ««S 

Conkey Chiokweed, the man iHio 
fobbed himself of 827 gaioeas, in order to 
m&ke hi« fortune by exciting the syn»- 
pattiy of his neighbours and otners. Tha 
tale is told by detectiTe BUthaa*— <X 
Dickena, Oiiver TVoiM (1887). 

CTonlatli. youngest son of Homi, and 
brother of toe famous Gaul (a man** 
name), Conlath was betrothed to Gs- 
tho'na, dAUfhter of Ruma, but before Aa 
espouuls Toscar came from Ireland to 
Honi, and was hospitobly received hf 
M(»roi. Seeioff Cuthona out hontit 
Tfi»car ^trried her off in hk skiff 
force, and being oTertakcn by 



ihcf both Ml in ft^^hL Thn^c iIuti 
tlttrwKrd# 1^tth(m« dRid of grief.— 
0«ikQ, OmiaU ami (Mth^na, 

Coimul, ^-n r,f roljfeif ]>ett3r klfifp of 
Tr»v'- f • f heod of CuthuUio 

of L . . -. — , -inncls •ml corTifurt^ 

Cuthuiiia ia h» iiisif«««| m 
op|K>»it« af Uiv riMbi i 
cb ougti getiproits C*l in»r. — U^<* » » n , t < ^^j' u . 

Oon'nell (flt/A^rr)^ kn A^red catholie 
tricft, full of gentle ulTcctioQAU feelings* 
\\f ifl lLc |iAtrun of a (ooor VAjj;Tajit bujr 
oUied Nwlitjr Fennel, v%hc»»f kU venture* 
titmish lll« incidcmU <if flaciiti's Dovel 
«aftU<Bd /alW Cciubii <1842)« 

■ml I milt r«iM^ <r — '--•' •* 

C 1 b,f B. DJ»- 

fin ! ni<»*iit far por- 

tpft ' - L .^. 

CaloBsa,'* Iftd ^^ 

bMWD A. de K . -;d- 

oey/* Innt .rolm MAcinrrs ; *' ilcJroir/' 
dun of HaU»nil, i>«cotid ioo of lt«Au- 
izuukctir.— Lurd Pulmcrvtoii, lYiy^i amf 

Oonqneror (TV), Akx&nd^r tht 

i^ttlkt^ Tfiif Orrujwn^ of tha World 
(nM, 8M. 3;»«^?i-,J). AUoQM of Por- 
tugal (um, nit7-n86), AurtiT>ny..'t>e 
tJie Gmt, c4ilJ«d Aimytir ii^\n, \*\:,\k- 
170T). .f ' * v:y^ 

\m. r ,,^ 

th* Tiir 1 


Wiji' - . .. : .. ._„„„.. .,. „ 

£figi«id by conquest {^ixjtl^ iW>^\UJ), 



fftVoui M- 

tn»< i f. ^ 1 . I ' ' 

T. Alter- 

rtic hot 

4.1 the 


^ in th« 

■ ft* 

J li'"f to 

il; bui 

.1 --^i\h 

Con'rflkde (2 */y/,), ■ follower of doa 
JriJm (bwU*^! tr. Lhtr of duo Podro 
fnit>c« ot \ >bftlLeiipeAre, J/ncA 

OwVmif ,„ /* ^ n^nmuif of Mon^ 

•errmt, who wtth Lht" bmnd-Mutcr of the 

Tem|.ii.irp C'.n»p>rrd rj^'nsnit Ifiehan] Cflcur 

I in combat, 

I ne TenipUr. 

I. ^v.-- ^ ... ^ ,.4-jftan (tiiDfi^ 

Eiciiard i.). 

Coasenting Bt&ra, itJirs formiitf 

eerLcim contiin^ratiofi* for gi>ud or evil, 
'i U«* wrc rwwi in the lKX*k tif Jmlft* ». 2<l, 
*' The itars ' '' ^ - rscn fouj^jht a^mil 
hiteni,'' i.r :igiir»lion* which 

Vfereufiluth uidi. 

. . fDovTEiv til* >^ rr*of rtef «^t%, 
SLaU«q«um 1 tf^rtvy r/. act i B. I lllil| 

CTonBtance. mother of pnnee Artliitf 

UMiamm^ Ui4i i i4U*.idid« 4i dbcf Lv*4 #f«f _ 

*' Her lieai 
mind yet rf 
iSbe w«« " : 
ftAture^ fc^u' 
well, jying V. 

daughter at ilr WiUiaia 

nd courted b^ Wildiakje^ i 

lin?, food of field »portK 

her bcr irmee, ber 
•ugh ridiett all/* 
' X prcM of woman. 

iiiub;'* the danced 
welK Wildiakc 

wtiM UiT childliu'jid i plarmatei and be^ 
came h«r hu^liaiid^— -^,' Kjiawlc% IV 

G/»#fd *•*.<•, dau|;bter of BertuJphe pro- 

^..^T <if )lf,j, ..» fiFTd bride of lioucbanl, a 

v^. Sht had " beauty to 

» m«mt feni'dit di^am, 

aiott ^i^ jiu^t eoou^'h 

her woman," Uy an 

' hi,r1e« '♦tlie Good, ean 

, liiAtie in 1127, this young 

■iii up in the lap of luxury, 

4 to ierfdom, becauae her 

wan a ierf i her ariflt^Kimtlo 

1 . u also « serf Ifwi^'aa"** btt 

m;ifrn.Nj ber (a s+r ».] r».t 

the rcvrne of : — :5. 

Kno«rl«f^ r-W /V 

ConstaxiB, tt mythi'-Al k In^ of Britalfl 
1U> wii- Hjr •Mi'al of Ui* three totia 
two broth en 
ma and Lttber Pi 
H^i.^.'... ^,.i.^...iis waa a mook^ but 
th« death of bia father fat laid aaidc 




Ibr tike cmni. Yortigem ouued 
tD bt aanaiiiuited, and umirped the 
rn. AudfaiB Ambrosins raooecded 
V wUgera , and wis himself succeeded bj 
bis ytmngn brother, Other Pendiagon, 
Ikthar of king Artiuur. Hence it wiU 
r that Constans was Arthur's ancle. 

OonBtaat (Ifed), the fornix lover of 

(Sr Bat^fiti), a yoonger 
brother of middle life, who tumbles into 
aa estate and title bj the death of his 
elder brother. He marries a woman of 
qualitr^ but finding it eomme U fmU not 
to let his lore be known, treats her with 
indiflermee and politeness, and thouf^ he 
dotes on her, tries to make her beliere he 
lorss her not. He b rery soft, carried 
mtmf by the opinions of othen, and is 
aa example of the truth of what Dr. 
TooDg has nid, "What is mere good 

ZodEy QmsteuUf wife of sir Bashful, a 
#oman of spirit, taste, sense, wit, and 
beantj. She lores her husband, and 
repels with scorn an attempt to shake 
her fidelity because he treats her with cold 
indilFerenee. — A. Murphy, The Way to 
kap Him (1760). 

Constantia, sister of Petmccio go- 
vernor of Bologna, and mistress of the 
dnke of Ferrara. — Beaumont and Fletcher, 
Tht Chtmon (1620). 

Omdtmtia^ a proU^ of lady HcSy- 
cophant. An amiable girl, in love with 
Egerton McSycophant, by whom her 
love is amply returned. — C Macklin, 7%e 
Mimoftht WM(1764). 

Con'stantine (8 «y/.)» > Icing of 
Scotland, who (in 937) joined Anlaf (a 
Dvuah king) against. Athelstan. The 
allied kings were defeated at Brunan- 
boili, in Northumberland, and Constan- 
tine was msde prisoner. 



Confltantinople (Little), Kertch 
was so called by the (jenoese from its 
extent and its prosperity. Demosthen^ 
calls it ** the granary of Athens.** 

Oonauelo (4 eyt,), Jie impersonation 
sf moral purity in the midst of temp- 
tations. Consuelo is the heroine of a 
Mvel so called by George Sand (C«. Mde. 
•^ .). 

Conaul Bib'Qltui (A), a cipher te 
office, one joined with others in office bnl 
without the slightest inflnenoe. Bibulus 
was joint eonsid with Julius Ossar, but so 
insignificant that the wits of Rome called 
it the consulship of Julius and Casar, noi 
of Bibulus and Gnsar (b.0. 69). 

Contemporaxifioas Disooveizen. 
Goethe ana Yieq d*Asyrs discovered al 
the same time the intermaxillair bona, 
(joethe and Yon Beer discovered at tha 
same time- Morphology. Goethe and 
Oken discoversd at the same time tha 
vertebral irsritem. ITie Peimy Cyelo* 
petdia and CAomAtfrs'syoima^ were started 
nearly at the same time. The invention 
of printing is claimed by several contem- 
poraries. The processes called Talbotypa 
and Daguerreo^jrpe were nearly simul- 
taneous discoveries. Leverricr and Adams 
discovered at the same timt the planet 

%* This list may be extended to a 
very great length. 

Ck>nteBt (Sir Adam), Having lost 
his first wife by shipwreck, he married 
again after the lapee of some twelve or 
fourteen years. His second wife was a 
girl of 18, to whom he held up his first 
wife as a pattern and the very panunm 
of women. On the wedding day this mst 
wife made her appearance. She had beoi 
saved from the wreck; but sir Adam 
wished her in heaven most sincerely. 

Lady Contest, the bride of sir Adam, 
"young, extremely lively, and pro- 
digiouAiy beautiful." She had been 
brought up in the country, and treated as 
a child, so her natvet^ was quite capti- 
vating. When she (Quitted the bnde- 
grroom's house, she said, ** Good-bye, sir 
Adam, good-bye. I did love you a little, 
upon my word, and should be really un- 
happy if I did not know that your hap- 
piness will be infinitely greater with your 
first wife.** 

Mr, (Jontest, the ^wn-up son of sir 
Adam, by his first wife.~Mn. Inehbald, 
The Wedding Day (1790). 


Alrxandrr tub Grbat having 
gained the batUe of Issus (n.o. 888), 
the family of king Darius fell into his 
hands; but he treated the ladies aM 
queens, and observed the greatest deeo« 
rum towards them. A eunuch, having 
escaped, told Darius that his wife rs« 
mained unspotted, fbr Alexander bad 
shown himself the most continent and 




«f ttktm — Aniu^ Am^atiM of 
Ur, iv. m 
icrrio A^rmcXxuA, nfter tli* oonquetl 
«f Sp«uo, refu««(l ti« Utuch * bMitUfal 
priaeM* who hmti fallen ^-' "^ - ' ~^tuU, 
"kst be ttliottid b« i4ma|>t( hit 

ttiiidftlea." It it. Xk\c>T> hiit 

It WBl her Uek t 
fWWlll ^ tllAt Aht u 
w whom iht TM u 
■hicld, OQ trliieb this mcuieot wu fie- 
picted, wM found in thi nvcr Hlimi« bj 
9omm fiahcnuoi in tb* MWOtecnUi c«n- 

r« Mpis, «r««kivHlnM« caV. 

Amox, irbm tM to<»k tht fimJbra 
7W««8 (fe /«#»«, fcfuAod ewn to •«« 
ih« Uireo ip*aith Udiei vho formed 
Mil «i Ui« pfut«, bccAute Ike ir«« rwoked 
lo praT«Kt giH«ml« iouiiUl, Hi* thtm 
ImIim eoosurted of s motJier a^nd ber Iwo 
d»U4(hlera» tbe y»(tiig«r of whom wm ** of 
f orpftMiiig bewfy/* 

OantractionA* Th*^ it 

^rtfhMy ihemoit remark ^^t* 

mnod** if bf Ihc Riu(li«^u ^ ooiy 

(todU), ** Cholcoomklef/' eoatnM?t«l 
into Chamlf, is aautber reniArluiUUi 

CoQven'ttUkl Priars ar* Ihose who 

Hf* in «iMnml«, onr;*^ '- "'(^ rule *if 

tit, Fivodt, wbo absolute 

limiM. Those who cuuXunn tu the rul« 
of tli« toa&dar Ara e»iJed ''Qbaerrmal 

Gonv^raaUon Bharp« Kifih&rd 
tihtrp, the eritie (17&9-I8jir»)« 

Cook who Killed Kiinsdir ( TV), 
V»k-3 Vil!^-1 hhu.Af in ia\, \>t>aMtm 
th' 'ttrbot cftuea did not 

Atr .; •err«d up at tho 

hiui.^,. ' , glren h; Cot pdiiAC 

CkKikb V - -v^*..,v f" Koait 

•A tnuch «« 1 i{i « 

Cooki of Kodem Times. 

OtftalCt Tbe Re^^emermlMr cif 

6m»ll«in 0'^ Chiirli?s Elmrf 

fliuicAt. Tru, t, fi.riJ'«, then 

bi iMtly aI 

II.' Cid*, 

W^n itjcd IB ISM. 

Cookery (J2*j«i«ralor o/), Caito* 

(Ud<« Gouffi^, and Soj«r w«ra mImo 
tcgcnentorv of ihia arcj 

Oooper f.4nlA<iiiy AiA/v), cart &f 
Sb«fte»bury, introduced by «ir W. 8«ott 
in /'*wiJ of tht tmJk (timiH Chafl« 11.)* 

Cutyf/er (Do ^cm wami a) f thai it, *' I>o 
you iTftot Ui iMtfi the wijiet? " Tbit quea- 
tion it addreeted to theae who have an 
nrdar to vtMii the Loodoo dockt. TTie 
••cooper" bofw the eaaki, aod giv»a the 
riiitor the wine to taata, 

Oophet'ua or Copefhu&t a mYthi- 
eal kinj^ o! Africa, of ffttsat wealth* who 
fell in love with a beii^trar-irirl. nnd 
married hor. Her tiatne w»» ' n, 

but Shakef^iearo writea it / 'Q 

Lift^$ LabiAtr't [joit^ act iv. »« . i r • riM. y* 
Bon baa yemfiod th« tale in Th$ Beggar' 
Maid, — Ferejr, Heiu/^t, L ii. <(. 

Copley ('9ir 7hpmaM)t in 
on the ear! of Leieeetfr at Woodstock. — 
»tT W. Scott, A'ma«orik (tiaii, Wm9^ 

Copper Captain (A)^ Midiaat 

Pere£, a captain witiaoati 

with a plentiful atock of 

aeeka to make a m&rkei of liia 

cum mission by mamin^ an heuvas. He 

in hia own trap, for he marriea 

a woman of intji^^e^^ fuicying 

the heJreM Mar|;anUa. The 

CMpLam gives the lady ** pearU," but they 

ar« only whitingi* eyea, Uia wife tayt 


fM Hmv mA <aM» M. f«ri« • tta« itf 



n»o«ia iti 
. (1670- 

(W. Lcwii(174«-l^ 

this diar«£t«r; but 1: 
J7a2) waa wholly unrv.^,„, 

Xt» «id tfii» eriiui laUihai la an " OM p p w Oh^ 
niii^*a«»tta tMilbr twraoMttM. tfaaatW 
■'a«t«a 0* lib* » iptolank. tM wv radlni* tfiou. H«i« 
tt HMi h* ialmlitorf IbftI Wua* ImI Mi rt»ll HUPiili. 

Oopperfield f/>fi^^, the bei* of * 
tt«*rtfl to eaU«4!, * i kena, David 

It Dickeoa hir- Micawlmr im 

DIokona'a fatJur . ng to the tale, 

David's mother ^m mu^mry gortrwsm is 
a family where Mr. CopMOtld viatlftd. 
At tha diAth td Ut. Copparfleld. 4bt 
widow marriea EdwaM Mudiloaa, • 




kM4» tgmmniQal ■uu^ ithb 
' DM oC David a dreid and terror to 
I bDf • WbtB his mother died. Mard- 
oe tent David to lodge with the 
ICieawbcn, and bomid him apprentice to 
Item. MaidalMm and Grinby, by whom 
he was pBl iato the warduMuej and let to 
Mita mbela anon wine and spirit bottles. 
VKwid soon became tired of this dreary 
woffc. and ran awar to Dover, where he 
mmM Kindly w eeivea by hie [fpreatj-annt 
Retaey Trotwood, who dothea him, and 
•enl him aa day-boy to Dr. Strong, but 
planed him to board with Kr. Wickfield, 
• U w jify lather of iUnee, between whom 
•nd David a mntuafattac 

nt nrang 
David*a iliit wife was Don dpen- 
Vnr, bat at Oa death of thie pretty Gttle 

be married Agnee Wick- 

Daoid Cupperfield 

CkypiwrhflMb, member* 
Id the uDitii» daring the civil 
United States. The ooppe 


lof afiMtiea 
I civil war in the 
is a 
poiaonoos serpent, that gives no warning 
of its approach, and hence is a type of a 
ooneealca or secret foe. (The Tngomn 
capkaUu oomtortrtx,) 

Cklppemose (8 sy/.)* Henry VIII. 
was so called, because he mixed so mach 
copper with the silver coin that it showed 
after a little wear in the parts most pro- 
Hence the sobri- 

nonnced, as the nose, 
quets ** Coppernosed 
Coppernose.^ etc 



epic called Meynard tke Fox 

Oopple, the hen killed by Reynard, 
the Msst-epic called Me^ 

gentle, loving wt 
Alonzo, and the kind friend of 



Cora* the gentle, loyinj 

wife of 

, of RolU 

cceneraTof the Peruvian army. — Sheridan, 
Fiiuaro (altered from Kotzebue, 1799). 

Oo'rah» in Dryden*s satire of Abta-' 
km ami AchUophel, is meant for Dr. Titos 
Oates. As Corah was the political calum- 
niator of Moses and Aaron, so Titus 
Gates was the political calumniator of the 
pope and English papists. As Corah was 
punished by ** going down alive into the 
pit,** so Gates was '* condemned to im- 
I risonment for life,** after being publicly 
whipped and exposed in the pillory. 
Koith describes Titus Gates as a very short 
man, and says, ** if his mouth were taken 
for the centre of a circle, his chin, fore- 
head, and cheekbones would fall in the 

Corbao'oio {SiQnior)^ the dnpa ol 
Hosca the knavish eonfederate of Vol'* 
pone (S tylX He is an old man, with 
"seeing and hearing faint, and under- 
standing dnUed to diildisluMBs," yei ha 
wishes to live on, and 

Wlfh cooShiMil Mrins UVhepM he aiaf 

rc^pM* ar a« /ta (iSHIi 

Parsons (1786-1796) in ''Corbaoeio''eovld 
forget his effective mode of exclaiming 
"Has he made his will? -" - 


What has ht 
?** but Parsons himself saysi 
Ah I to see *Corbaccio* acted to per- 
fection, you should have seen Shutar. 
The public are pleased to think that I act 
thst part well, but his acting was as far 
superior to mine as mount l^anviui is to 

Cor^ant, the rook, in the beaat-epie 
of Reynard the Fbx (1498). (Flench, 
eorbeavk, "a rook.") 

Corbrech'tan or Corybreobtoii. 

a whiripool on the west cosst of Scotland* 
near the isle of Jura. Its name signiiles 
" Whirlpool of the prince of Denmark,** 
from the tradition that a Danish prince 
onco wagered to cast anchor in it, bbt 
perished in his foolhardiness. In calm 
weather the sound of the vortex is like 
that of innumerable chariots driven with 

11m dlrtMt ialM thathtvth* loud OorbrMhttui tou. 
OMBpbdl, W«i II iirfi V Wwminf, i. 1 (ISflSt. 

Coroe'oa (8 ^'O* mother of Abessa. 
The word means " blindness of heart,** or 
Romanism. Una sought shelter under 
her hut. but Corceca shut the door 
against her ; whereupon the lion which 
accompanied Una broke down the door* 
The " lion '* means England^ " Corceca ** 
Una ** priteatamtiam^ and 

breaking down the door*' the Reformom 
<ioii.— Spenser, Faery Qfteen^ L 8 (i690), 

Ckirdelia, youngest daughter of kina 
Lear. She was disinherited oy her nymi 
father, because her protestations of wwm 
were less violent than those of her staters, 
Cordelia married the king of Franeei aal 




h«r twD elder ■btcii reftuted to 
CDtettaiQ the old kinis wtUi hia caite, the 
brought nn Army over to detiirone tham, 
She wJia, Uowovcf, Ukcn cajytive, llirown 
into pnson, uul died there. 

r pate ««■ •!<■ 


L Mb^ Lmmf. aA T. •£. I QMi^ 

CorflAmlxv the p^r»oaiff(^tltir3 of 

•caetuiUty, « '."^^Tit tili.d t>v Arthor. 

who mftrTi«*d I ' >i a ^^mI 

irif» to kirn, — bjwrinvr, r^H ry cjik*^ iir, 8 

Coriftt (nomdj). di«d 1617, AttCbor 

of ft tKK^k called CVw/jfiff . 

itM4l«0^ lM>0n» Irt Adikl ifi^ <ln«fe. 


O. mm>tr, 4*iaii JHH^ •i>4 Wktt0 (UOi 

E>r'l||* *'ihe fmilkful ihqtheidenft,** 
hftviTig lo«t her true lore by d<^th| 


«K.> f 

tnnlllrw) « 
imd was 
." The 

;- .t. a;rril f JT' >n'.unced) f«U 
h.^vr for l»cr ** fidrlitv/ and 

* His brok« 

n^^er felt 

' .- ,'.re eater* 

!•! 'r ,., .[, , ', ,j " tfl the dark, 

' fbi," and B*y»* 

in In 
tn . 

gafiJm«S9«Wi4*|k _ 

(iv Ik tfw^ lliin iifi 

(I iy*.)! **»tmntfc»t , * ' ' iml 

cut of th* tuite i^t 

ttiythiod mog of li! rii- 

9»«ft OariB fl^ II iMf |U lia Cta-vlift *■# l« 

CSonneus (3 jrv/^). SriulheT tbmwt 

the -' '^ • ' " ' ' ^ ^'tf-a. 

per of 

ft' - 

Eu^, ,...,. - ....._ 

ialukbiuuiis ikjrin'cauA. 

!iL vra» 

I horn cif 

_^, and the 

a«|«.M< iliaft«^i4 0* ^mnl to «rvita «1lt Mn M 
^M*lt r«il ID b«Mt ^y ««* Mitifr i«MiPi«l^ la UMi 

mtm0k Mrf ■iMiMai ^ fift^Mi. a* Witt Ida «a 

his rtKMim «• fh« Mlfatavini *«« J 
OootaM^t LaM» 10 laii •tar- 

\M Um W6K« UbA4 ant 


Itliai |«v«t« 

Draytoo makes tlM nuam m word of 
fnur sylJabtea, nod thiowa th« i 
the Lut but one. 

v^i^^fli^p^ , 

Comma, « Greek fotUm of IlQBati% 
who nined a irictory over Pindar at tkfl 
imblie games (&. ii*c 490)* 

Cbrmna, datighter 

She marn<?i i r 

John Vaobmg^h, TA$ Ornjf^Mr.u.*^ \iy>s'<jf,. 

"ChtflMu*,' " C>wn7 t'" *• ilai i i j wii K * sad ''ii^^i 
1*44 «1UMlt wt, Int ^ Itf Mai*/* 0<M^ 

Corinne' (9 *y^), th«» hfToiiw und titia 
of a noT-*l by Mde. de ^Xm^L Her lorer 
proved fal«e, and tho maiden i^mdually 
pnied away. 

Corinth. ' 7tf rwf <ffi^ out 10A0 om 
aford to go to Cor' • sjolcirery oim 

WIIO can sfford t> vm txjmt^ 

aive lieeotinusnc- 1 'mnt-sgLn-aki 

of the nnhcard-of Mimm (. ;> 

£200 or more) demanded b) t 

A ' a rake, a '* fa»t mao,'* 

rriii ya (l Htm-y 1\\ act it. 

- .^ / J UiU mit I ara no proud 

Palalairi but a Corinthiati, a 

Conn£'ti<mrtin, hartolrr. 
TV CbrinlAitni«Ct to liv* aa fdlt tfi*> 
•ifiated Itfo. 

Corinthian ( To act tht), to b«cont:« 

DtirF^ - ■ S«» 

tetiM J 

"" ■ ■- ^^v ' '. '^^ 

fewer than a thou* 

Coria'thian BrtMS, a mtstnrc of 
er»ld, silf'er, and braas, wrhich formf th« 
b«i»i of aU mixed m«tal«u When M«m* 
mini tet fin to Ootintb, Ihit haat of tlia 




1 10 grwt that it melted 
tte metal, which nm down the streets in 
■treamt. The three mentioned above ran 
toMther. and obtained the name of 
** Corinthian brass." 

IttiBli a Mv IM or - OortathiMi bcMi.- 
' ~ Xbut 


Corinthiaxi Tom, **a fast man/* 
file sporting rake in Pierce £gan*s lAft m 

Ooriola'ntUS (Cbti» MardwiY called 
Coriolanus from his rictory at Cori'oli. 
His mother was Vetn'ria (not Fb/ttmiua), 
and his wife Volumnia (not Ftr^i/ia). 
Shakespeare has a drama so called. La 
Harpe has also a drama entitled ConxAany 
produced in 1781. — Livy, Anmals^ ii. 40. 

1 1 1 ■■■Iw hw [4ffm. SMrfwMl Moang down the rtngs 
te tlMtrlHiulu|l «Bti7 o( hm ion Coriobuitu. whm her 

tbo houM. She 
CMBM aloai^ BMiMiiliig and twrtng timo to tbo mniic. 
nlHiiS . . . Ihn dd« to aido. nrcUlac vltb tb« trlunipb 
ofW'Ma. ftMhvMtholntaiiatkiiiorio^wliiehaMhed 
fron bar tiTB and Itt Mp hw wtaote fiM«i Oai tlM aftct VM 
fciw* llbli 0>, M. Tooaf. 

Ck>rita'ni, the neople of Lincolnshire, 
Nottinffhamahire, Derbyshire, Leicester- 
shire, Kutlandshire, and Northampton- 
shire. Drayton refers to them in his 
J^otyoibion, xvi. (1613). 

Cork Street (London). So called 
from the Boyles, earls of Burlington and 
0)rk. (See Clifford Strkkt.J 

Corxnao L, son of Conor, a Cael, who 
succeeded his father as " king of Ireland," 
and reigned many years, in the latter 
part of his reign the Fir-bolg (or Belgs 
settl'sd in the soath of Ireland), who had 
been subjugated by Conar, rebelled, and 
Connac was reduced to such extremities 
that he sent to Fingal for aid. Fingal 
went with a large armv, utterly defeated 
Colculla **lord of Atha," and re-estab- 
lished Qormac in the sole possession of 
Ireland. For this service Cormac gave 
Fingal his daughter Roscra'na for wife, 
aud Ossian was their first son. Cormac I. 
was succeeded by his son Cairbre : Cair- 
bre by his son Artho; Artho by nis son 
Cormac 11. (a minor) ; and Cormac II. 
after a short interr^gpaum) by Ferad- 
Artho. — Ossian. 

Cormao U. (a minor), king of Ire- 
land. On his succeeding h i s father Arth o 
OD the throne, Swaran king of Lochlin 
tSotmdimavia] invaded Ireland, and do- 
nated the army under the command of 
Cathallin. Fingal's arrival turned the 
lida of events, for next day Swarsn was 

routed and returned to Lochlin. In tht 
third year of his reign Torlath rebellad, 
but was utterly discomfited at lake L^ 
by Cuthullin, who, however, was himsdf 
mortally wounded bv a random arrow 
during the pursuit. Not long after this 
Cairbar rose in insurrection, murdered 
the young king, and usurped the gorem- 
ment. His success, however, was only of 
short duration, for having invited Oscar 
to a feast, he treacherously slew him, and 
was himself slain at the same time. His 
brother Cathmor succeeded for a few 
days, when he also was slain in battle bv 
Fingal, and the Conar dynasty restored. 
Conar (first king of Ireland, a Cale- 
donian) was succeeded by his son 
Cormac I.: Cormac I. was succeeded by 
his son (Cairbre ; Cairbre by his son 
Artho; Aztho by his son Cormac II.; 
and Connac II. (after a short inter- 
regnum) by his cousin Ferad-Artho. — 
Ossian, Fmgalf Dar-ITiuUi, and Temora, 

Cor'mack (Donald), a Highland 
robber-chief.— Sir W. Scott, Fair Maid 
of Perth (time, Henry lY.). 

Cor'malo, a " chief of ten thousand 
spears," who lived near the wate«« of 
Umo (a Scandinavian lake). He went to 
Inis-Thona (an island of Scandinavia), to 
the court of king Annir, and " sought the 
honour of the spear " (i.e. a tournament). 
Argon, the elder son of Annir^jtilted with 
him and overthrew him. This vexed 
Cormalo greatly, and during a hunting 
expedition he drew his bow in secret 
and shot both Argon and his brother 
Ruro. Their father wondered they did 
not return, when their dog Runa came 
bounding into the hall, howling so as to 
sttract attention. Annir followed the 
hound, and found his sons both dead. 
In the mean time his daughter was carried 
off by Cormalo. When Oscar, son of 
Ossian, heard thereof, he vowed vengeances 
went with an army to Lano, encoi2(erea 
Cormalo, and slew him. llien rescuing 
the daughter, he took her back to Inis- 
Thona, and delivered her to her father. — 
Ossian, The War of ItM-Thona. 

Cor'inoran' (The OiatU)y a Cornish 
ciant slain bv Jack the Giant-killer. 
This was his first exploit, accomplished 
when he was a mere boy. Jack dug a 
deep pit, and so artfullv filmed it over 
atop, that the eiant fell into it, where- 
upon Jack knocked him on the head «id 
killed him. 
Ite rmlMMek «r -Aamm aid MwOhotf- tmm 




.4* to l^it VfcICk IMBMM 

Ooraavii, the mh*bit*BU of Ch«- 
•bire, Shnitmhirc, SUiTorcUhirt, W*nrick- 
thifp, «n4 WorceBterihire, Drayton 
rtfcjn to thcni in hU Polyotbion^ xri» 

Cornelia, wife of Titm SemftroiiiM 

Oftif'ctiiiik, •nd mi'thprof the twfj tri!>ttn« 
Titwnua and ' i*t 

MoliMd Ur dh I ft 

riiKB ar thm UmAcons* 


Comer {7U), So Tattermll** OMd 

^ I >Wf Kl i i iliiii > fcla a fti f* hack, wd . . . tamK 

Comet, ft w&itin^-vomui on XnAy 
Frnidfut, She aut»ed gT«*t offOTce 
bccmiwe iJbe did not flaUer bef Ud^ihip. 
She mcttmllT said to her, " Your Udy- 
•hip look* Tfiy ill thii mocning," which 
tb«? French wniting-wonmn contradicted 
liv Mrin^, *' My opinion be, maLan}, dat 
y<>ur Utjahip never look to well in all 
your life," Lady Faficifiil naid to 
Comet, "Get oot of the r - ^ ---'* 
endnre r<m ; " and then tor- 
•he adied, **Thi» wench i^ 
optyt . , . Oh, by-the-by, MdlLc, wa 
owi take th»>e two jiair of plovet, iTbe 
French %ft eeTtainly weil-tnannered, and 
oe^c»r flutter." — Vanbnigh- T!W Prowtked 
Wjft 0^97). 

*^* This if of a picoe with Ibe ftreb* 
tnnhop of Gnoada and his ■ccretanr Gtl 

Comejr flfr*.)* m»troo of the work- 
boiiae wbare Oliver Twiu wm bora. 3be 
It a Widl-to-do widow, who niarfi« Boai- 
bl«^ Mid ivdoeea Ibe pomnot^ bendlfl to m 
Iwp fi wbwt b«iband.-a DkkeM, Oter 

Conidower (J!fnr*j\ a fannftf, ^ehu 
** benoith a toa^h uuUule, pooaeMed a 
bttd which wtvald hare done bonocur to 
a prince*** 

Mrt. Oirmjifmm' (bjr birth Emnui M- 
l<»n)i the fkrmer'i wife, iibdiietcd hy tit 
Charten Oianly.^Dibdin, 2%§ Fmimr^% 

Comlole (4 iyf.), ib« 
firtfi to Oionttiii *" 

I 6oni«lian eagrmrer, in the time nf (jorefiao 
di Mediet. He wat called ^* Gioinamii 
dalle Comiole" (1495-15o6). 

Com-lAaw Rhymer (I^), Kbe- 
Qe/.er EUiot (1781-1849). 

Comaliia, Cornwall, The riren of 
Cornwall are more or teM tingvd widi the 
meialf which abound in thoae patt*< 
rh«iA«aia»Wtirt ■««««« vBtoOtolMirlPwia. *, 
Ibaiewrt (briirlTC«rltaaii,. . , Bid |ni aob «v«^ . » • 
Aj tin* ikuwi nw; « iirnpli [Hmt J AnoMl dw CMHMMia 

Oomu'bian 8hoT*f> 
wall, femoni for its 
dianli of ancient Tyrv . 
export from Cornwall lU 


If. ana 
^ Conw 


m laiga 

Com"wrall ' n hnperfecf 

ana^rnm of l^ry^ cior, a4«thor 

of £it(/ltsh SctnjM ^.. ^ .,-■ T^* 

Corombona (riltovifT), the Whi£* 
Devil^ the chief cJuiracter in a drama by 
John Webster, entitled The WhiU Demi 
or Vittot^ui CuratrAvHu (1612), 

r of PhorOoeOf 
^, metaojorphoMd 

rporal (7^ LittU). General 
;>arte wii to called after the battle 

Corrector {JAumMifr fAf)« Alas* 
aodrr Cm den, author of the O^mcu^'damm 
to tK^ KibU, for mnny yean a convctor ol 
the )<r«si«, in London. He betiered him- 
•elf to be diTtoely inspired to corTe* t ih<i 
mondi and maonen of the world (,ilul- 

Corriv'roekin, ta IntCTinK 
whirhiool in the Sotrthem Hebridte^ 
e*lUd from a Dantih pHnce of that 
aamtr who ped«bed there. 


Oorroiii^e' (2 ly/.), the 
Otiiel, a pre^nnptnous SanMnea^ 
of i'arraeiitc (9 »yL), Otuel wa« in 
end eonverltid to Chriatiamfij. 

Coraair (7%r), lord 
wardi Gatlad tara, ffwring 
mltan ^d {Brnd] waa abo«4 lo aHaoj 
iha pinMa lit aaramed the Amgmm «l i 
dim— OM mttUfA the palaee* while bl 
Cffv «i fti* to tb« euitao'e floet. f 

Coniad* ii^ 



1 bT QmlnAn (queen of 

n), he fl«d with h^r i& ih« 
Ptfttei' IflLe, Hen he fnund thnt Med(>'T4 
(kit bflftxt'e dulling) biul d\f4 during hie 
Absmca, mo he left the iBl&Dd with Gut* 
lure^ retanied lo hU nAtive Luid, h^ded 
s rebdlioa, nsd w»* ihot.—lij'rom J^ 
CbrpfiT, c>ontinil«d id Zdra (1^14), 

{TbiA t&Ie is bftwd on the »dr sutures of 
LiL^itf, the notoriciQft bue(»Dc«^r. LA^tte 
«r*« p*nlc>0€d by g^oeraJ jActtAOii for 
■errices reoderad to ths i;^t«tei iiii ldl&, 
during ^ Atfci«k of the BritLflh tm. Ntsw 

Cor'sand, & mi<gi«tfate tt the ex- 
ftmitmtioD of Dirk Hattenuck At Kipple- 
tiiDgui. — Silt W. Scott, Ov^ MawuTokg 
(time, George IL)* 

Oorsicaa Qeofiral ( 7^}, H«p<ileoii 
I^ vbo WM bora m Ckmk* (176I*-1«^1), 

Cor'Bilia» wife of the conuir who 
tmand FainiMj end Chery la the bojtt ha 
it drifttid oa the ««*, Beiog made very 
rifih, by hef foeteT-childreii} Corsiti* 
btooght them np es princes.— ComtetM 
D^Aimoy, /"afl^tf To/** (^*Thfl Priiice«» 
FaintKr/' 1682), 

W«* It tflr fhli Hul OH aar«^ « 

t F* tmm fttmai. buoi tlb« jmrh nrar^niflf 

Cotii'iia (a muiilrDa), It stood on 
thne fcset The tripod of the Fythooeu 
wat lo called^ bDcmufle ehe «Lt to a kmd 
of buio Ataading oo three feet. When 
ttot m tiB^ jt wai covered with a lid, and 
the buiiB thea looked like a Uiin metal 

Cor'via or Oorrl'aa, a ™liiable 
•t^ne, which will caojie the p<^'^M*fti^r to 
be both rich and hon^offti. tt in nbtamed 
that : T&ke the %gi^ from a crow'» nest, 
asd boiJ them hard, then reolace them in 
the neit^ and the mother will gi> in iearch 
at the staD«, in oMer to nvivify her 
iggs,— ^Jf tTT^r af Stonn^ 

Corvt'no (Senior), a Venetian mer- 
ebaait duped by MoeCA into believing 
Ih^ be ii Torpcme'e heir.^Ben Jonaoa, 
VoljKmt artJuFox (m&), 

CorF&te's Cmditles, a bo«k of 
t^velA by ThotuQj C^ryate, who called 
blmatif (lie " CMcombiM Ijegptfctcber,** 
H« v«e the eou of thie rector of Odoombe 


Coryc^Aii Caira (TAffj, wk toonnl 
Pamaitsoft, so called ^m the nympb 
Con*c'i*, 34irDetim«8 the Mtuei are called 

ftut nnnKrtikl Mi^ 
To ir^rof aira bwMmxkmM. to tlh* ttt* 

Cksrydan Nymphfi (Tj^)* th« 
Mums, ao n^all ed from tae oave of Ccryeia 
on Lycor^ on« of the two chief isaimlti 
of mount Pamaflius, in Greece. 

Ool^ydont * common name for m 
■hephenL It oocurs in th« IdjiU* ^ 
TheocritftiT the Eci<>fpm$ of Tifgili 
Th« Qmia^ v., of Un^ei, etc. 

CcM^ytfoiij the fthepherd who langiilthed 
for the fur Pfte£ofell« {e*ato S). Sif 
CaUdore, the nicccs^ul riTiU, treated him- 
most coorteoualy, and when he married 
the fair ahepherilefs, g^ve Con'don both 
dockA imd herd» to mitkttcT hii ditf- 
appoititmeiit (canto llj. — Spenieri Jbfry 
Qmen, vL (1594»). 

Oif^udbm, the ebeemakfrf a citiaen^ — 
Sir W, Scfrttj Oma ^pbeH o/ Fmig 
(time^ Hafiii)^ 

CoryplwBU3 of GI«rmaJi Lltera^ 
tur© ( 7^), Goethe, 

tliB Poluh PHI fmD«I iinv . . . Lbi pmt Ci,»JUli^l 

Coryphe'UB (4 jyi.)^ a model mm or. 
leader, from the KorupWoa or leadir of 
the chorus in the Greek drmma, AriS" 
tarchoi is called The QjrtjpAcus of 6'r 

CoBme (Sif.)^ patron of BiiT]^n% 
bom Itk Arabia* He practised medicine 
in Cilii'iA with hift brother Hi. Damie^ 
and botJi suif efed martyrdotn under l>in- 
cletian ib mia or a 10. Their fiile day ii 
I>e4^cmber i7. In the twelfth centiUT 
there was a medicftl iodety caUed Sdad 

Cot'ioiel (3 tyiX the genius of t]i« 
world. He cave to Theodidacttis a boat 
of asbettoft, m which he emisd to the sun 
and planets.— Kifcber^ Ikwtaiio Jmifngf 
la Hsjpcen^ 

Oosmoa^ the persnoiflcation of " tbi 
w^rid" aa tiie i^BvmT of man. PhiiiMM 
Fletoher calls him *'the tirat son to tlitt 
Diai^Q red"* {Mtf dfieif^, ''MiitabVp** 
1m Mys, *^p«fDti «tl kit darta i'^ of« •« !■■ 



Prea«^i«T toys, ♦♦Vtnity, v&nit3% all ii 

%»iijtv." Fully described in T/mt Purpi4 


Cos'tuT ! ' ' the court 

wUt* of lit UIIC« 

Ihe Wut ::Stlltibu»," 

and saiiic til Jn^s L[uuai;ji» very ridi- 

culoua^ as *'iul dun^hjtu at the ttn^fta' 

esd4, M they mx^ 

(lu't v. t),— ahake- 

CoSti'^ j'/-«./V •lisguifcd a» a bocj^nr, 
In JAa' / "i, A drama by fieau- 

Coto Maie-tail«S (>^'>y» in«amnR tht 


ewit with Aii iU »w..r^J-' ■ 
in wm^mbnifn-"*? of the v. 
bill fftllirr. Hii tif»t it 
tA kill a Vum thivt '* hi 

1 t<» 


mat. — bir T. 

CM-ytto, iroddeas of tkt ICdJVni of 

T)t- " ' -^.:- — r ntbkd Lbone of 


«r iti*«a^. hl i4ii9iv|k 

CoulitU a Brittwh q-iant ^ntrme*! by 

Dtboo till h« cmn* > ' ^^ ^Ji't 

•enti wliiel) h« Ir*^ i im 

tba opp<)aitc tide, 1m into 
tha [lit and waj kili> 

Aitd akd tlu.t u»|<W I I <A 

Fur (h# $mta Imt -' NnMO 

OMlla toomk*. bvii / -uxC 


h;,! ditto, GHO. 


uv 431; 

Ooimt not four Chiokena before 
UitfyijreHaiehed. G«Damliy relamd 

to Lafoiitaine'i fahLe of the milktoaid 
PwTCtte. Bnt the •ati*tAnee t?f thia fable 
ia venp* oM. ' 

In A.t>. iUii«dfor the 

kin;? of i ei of Indian 

fahiea aillnd ilrn I'aiUM limtm t*'6rt 
IxKikn"), and one of th«' «tnhc4 ia tbat of 
a Hrahtnin whc>€oile*'t«d r\t*f k.v u .-noj*. 
but it occurred ta him tber a 

fatninf", in vfhv-h cw« he . ia 

riec r .:■■■,, . . " * ' », 

Thi- d 

theh .<*, 

and hc! muuIU buy a IWui 


anvin^ of his fann be irould bu 
mansion ; tb^ti marr}' Bimttt omt wii 
rirh dowry 

tiiTSr, who 

wiLb tbe 

uy a 

itii a 

tht^re would )hi a iton in due 

Lid ery 

■ ' ■ , ■. ' Lake 

uyt iUii Uiiiiy l" a^nd id hiiii * ha 

drciiitU'r kicked over hit |; o. 

Af _ hiatory 

of AlfiM»ebiif (^. «,)— ^r«i^^«fcM Hi^kUf 
Knlertn in ntnttm. 

R,i' • ■ ■— • " — rr. 

*ol.i r^ 

Hut illt^ olditst furtti of tliti mtuty %m Ul 

b« fouud in jJvuop^ in the fnbln of 7"A# 
J/(7Xjwa/(/ fiMf/ A*r /Vr»7, of V* V ' ' *' n- 
tnini^'p i« only a poi>tical r* \ 
Count of N f» ^'^ ^'^ " " " r 

RolH'rt Jrj^jbaflii '^t 

r -' . ■ ■■■ u 

couEa » daiikhwr, ^ul 

dilcinma : 
eoub! ' • 

rnii > 




by »r 

f ortuut: «] > 

If he in-' 


to ee 
-' otbef 
! killed 
At the 
Ul, and thim 
< opii'd frtifQ 

He, a ftwel 

n . k -f hii 


tmic •>! Lhv novel i« Ui<i mj^n gf tiofWi 




CoimtieB. " The dowoiah bLAzcm af 

tfcch ccmnty'' (from Dniyton'i Poi^oibtom, 
xxiiii towards th^ doM). 

&UJU4I1KI : LA* biX uvi torn tbt ImH 

, fljui W4ttli ibrvwl 

Tbi dub lOil «l««t«it ihooB. 

Wm^aii^WHiiLi ■ ^tih iinti vBia nal 

e Sim, Ti»dS iail»«- tB* tha bam* 

iffiHEUETUUPA: ^ Ibfl hujc« am Oh boJL 
llTAFPi,:>lEa(llUil : 

^tmr. vtA I *m Met f rfcl Dk n«. 

Vutt^*ruaiut m H^y^ tb« ibjrdr bev. 

¥«■>«>£■« i Tbi Torkifatlv mmd ftbipHi 

Co untry ( FiitFtrr of kit) , Cicero wm 
to called cy the Eommn aenulo (n.c. 
106 -43}. Juliufl C«&r wmi fo called 
ftfter qudHnff the iiuurrectiDD in Spurn 
(b.c» 100-4S). Anpustiw C<ei»r wii» 
oited /'fifcr afTmr Prirweps (B.C. 63, 31- 
14), Cosmo dt^Hfd'Ld {1389- 14&I). G. 
Wuibfjiji^t^ii, defender and p&iemml coni]^ 
■*1 1 r of the A m tfi c*b SUtei ( 1732^1 7&*J) . 
Aadrea Dorftii is io called Qti the b&Ae 
t^f hi! stAtne in Gcn'oi (14&e-1560). 
Androaicui FAi«ol'op:iifl IL usutn^ Uie 
titl« (l»60-laa2). See 1 Chrfm. iv. 14. 

Country Girl (I^J, • coined j by 
Gamckf mltend froni Wyebcrlf . Tbe 
** toQtjtrf girl " is Pcgf^ Thrift, the 
c»rf>b«n dAUj^htcr of liir iDoiiiM Thrift, 
•nd irmrd I'f Mcjod}% mho brini^ hfT ap 
in ibe eotintry rn peffrct *edu»icia, Wfeen 
Moody lA &(Y'&nrt Pcgi^y ia If^t he v»Qt4 
lo miirry her, hut ihe outwiti him mid 


niBm^ BdviUe, m jouDg man of vnitablf 
Age uul poAtuoiu 

Country WlfotJft*?), & comedy by 
WllUani Wychcrly (lt)75). 
Ftii^ rpn iidVid! Ht ivcMm BOtJM l!h?a] ill* uitbor al 

Coupee, the 4luiclng-mA«t«r, who 
ny« ** if it were not for dandne-mutem, 
men might aa wdl walk an their heads a« 
hedE," Hft coartB Lucy by promising to 
teach her dandiig,>— Fielcitag, Tha Virgm 

Courlsnd Weather, wintry wenther 
with pitilcsfl snow^tflrms. So called 
from iac Riisiian province cf that tMune. 

Court Holy WaXer, fliimmcr^i th« 
moflmagless c{>m pi i meats of politaiMb 
called in French Eau bvnde de ^cnir, 

T^ BtttBT. b3 dftv, 10 ght «]« Rort h<illti iwifg-' 

CQur'tamy oti« df the swordi of 
O^&r the Dane, made by MunlGieBn, 
Eia other sword was SauT&j^ne, 

BmI Oflw iM«i "rpon U [tfc* W4] 4iNbtbill9 

OiH TTMnnffnt snd tb^n, flheatltliii Qi>umiD4 aid* 

" Whiit Mn iJ* Ibraa T** 

W. Marrk, r4« J^^nrfAiTf jPd^iMlM { " AufUrt "}. 

Coiirtallt a fnp and coniummat< 
litieiiinc, for ever boaatirig nf hi* love- 
€OT)4|U€9t« over ladii<8 of the haut mande. 
He tries to corrupt lady Frances Touch- 
wood » hot b foiled by Seville.— Mtt. 
Cowky, r/i# BdU'4 Straiaijcm (1780). 

Courtly {Sir Charks}^ a joang liber- 
tiQc, who abducted the beautiftil wife of 
Famier Cnmllrtwer,— Dibdioj The F^tr- 

CouBxn Michel or Micttabl, tlie 

nickQnme of a Gernian, as John Boll is 
of an Englishman, Brother Joiiathan of 
an Ameftcam, Colin Tampon a Swiaa, 
John Chitiaoiati » Chlnettet etc 

Couvade' (2 tyl.)^ a mim who take« 
Ha^ place of hi» wife when she ia in 
dLild-bed. In the^ caJCis the mao tteii 
a-bfd, und tiic woniftn do** Oie hoa*diold 
dutica. The fieo[ile called " Gold Tooth,*' 
to the coolinefl of Burmah, are ixmoadeM, 
M« Franci§<]ue Idichd tells us t^e custom 
•till e^ciaia ia l^ht^y ; and i^Jond Tule 
auiin» at th»t it h coutmcMi m Yunmin 
and amon^ the Bliris m Upper Aiwftrn. 
Mr* T3 lor baa observed the same custom 
aconnj^ ihe Caribs of the We^t tndiea, 
the Abipooea of Cf^utral South Aim eric*, 
ihe aborJLrinet of California, in Guiana, 
in West Africa, and in the Indian 
Ardaipdago, OiodOruu speak ■ of H « 




cnUting At one time in Corsica ; Stnbo 
Miys the cufltom prvv^iuled m the north of 
H[m\n; and ApoUontiui ^oditt* tluit the 
Tiib«rtint« on the Eoxme Se« obMnred 

WiMi ■■■ pm4 m oimm t«n lam )unl * 1m,bt, 

h mJba M l» th* itmv. 


Coventry,* cofroption of Otmt-tr^ 
(** the towti oo tijc Cttoe*'). 

Cknaiv wfeaia Oamitty ta«r luun* doth tek*. 

Coventry Myateries, 


nntrv till 

m\ for 

> thr cor* 


tli« STint 
of J. • f. M&iJiweii, (»ee 


CoWpIo^ '''^•> Av».7i»^ ,i^\ 41 mtmber 

of An ? 1 fur Ilia 

mo<l«>#t% uty, »t»d 

ec< • 111 to liii 

Dr-i tf> hii 

fa*' :-[ji<'^tii'«. 

Sir -.H of 

tb I of 

All <«>i>»»iiitr t'^nuii^r y j^vniivin'iku vt 'it^Clsn 

AoQt'i time* 

, WIMA vottlil fir tdfif i* ObmHv «• vMidMt III* 

II cat l»tiMfAiiiMilAtla ck 

1^ iHiB TSSSntrTEirfi y^i 

«MC •iMlb «<m> b» tu Mar W« Ui^ |»i,ia fur kli •vutOM 
«iMi*M tor liU tlrtiii*— TtM^<tfW, 

OdV0rt-b<iroiw * ^if«» •<> called 
bfcauM ihe U under etie coT«ft or pro- 
t«etioo of her buron or lord* 

Oow and Calf, Lcvre«doD liiU Aod 
jnUeAdoQ Pen, in Uorfcctfthirt- 

Oowardfl ami BirLLtcai* fa Sliake- 
Wpwh w« hAv« f*»r(tlleji Mid Fi«iol ; to 


K* , -.^..■nUJi 

It I 1ICTK*»J«KL hlAJtH^ UtAHnU 

tA r |>K Lji Kimr^ etc,) 

CowpoT, cAlled ** Autii»»T of rA# 
7Vi«4/' mtm liie priiici|^l pMm (17dl- 

Co»X>mb. *n empty-heAded, eoo- 

«itii«d foil, like An attt jiMt J«-*Cerf who 

p on tl»» top ol ) ce of Nd 

I iTvem tiling « c 

KichAfd 11. of England (1366* UT7- 

Henri I! I. of Fmnce, Z* Afi/noii (IWl^ 

Coxe iCaptmn\ one of the tna^qoei 
at Kent I worth, —Sir W. Stott, k'mdwiitik 
(time, Eluabetb). 

Crabahaw (TemofAy), the eerTmnt of 

eir 1 Aunretot GreaYoe'e squire. — SmoDettt 
Adf^ifnturta of Sir Lautiodot Grwaem 

Crab'tree, in Stnottrtt'e nore) eaJM 
TVio Adi^fnturtM uf I'cr^jnm Pickle (1761 )• 

Crab'tret, uncle of sir Harry Bumbefi 
in Sherida**** comedy, Tht Schtud far 
SaajtJ^ti (1777). 

CVaVir«fi a gardei^r at F*ir|*0Tt, — Sir 
W« Soott, Jft# Amliquary (Uma, GeotM 

Crao ( Jf. dfj, ilie Freacb baroo Mi«- 
chaoacii ; hero of a French operetu. 

CraefL om of Hie fihetland bl«s.— 
CHiian, /%a/. 

Crack'en thorp {Falhrr), a publican. 

fJftJiy Crac^nthorp. daughter of Iha 
tHibUcao,— Sir W. Seott. '^ ' 
(time, George III.). 

Cradkit (/Wft Tt^), one of th« 
Yillaioft in the Attempted barglary in 
which Bill Silcee and hie aratH-'iaUie were 
conr^nied. — C. Dickenti Olivtr Tviel 

Cra'dlemonU king of Wai«a| ntb* 
dued by Arthur, nchtioK for Lcud ogmn 
king of Cant^eliam (^ ry/.). — ^TenoyaoR, 
Commg af Arthur, 

Oradoek (^tr), the only hni^t WBo 

could carve tbtt iMjar'i head which no 

rtit'ltoJd emild cut; or drink fTwrn a h«>wt 

cnckittd could qnaff without 

e liquor. 

_ . : in kinir 

cuuid wear the n 

tliither by a bc»> 

l»efcy» lU'itifutMf cic 

CraiRdallie (Adam)^ the 
baiUie of Pt^rth.-^^ir W, Scolt, JWr 
Mai^i of PtrtA {time, Henry H .). 

Craifir'ermelt f Otpfcon), aa 14* 
Ten; .'lutn til Bncklaw.-- 

Sir • of Lammarmoer 

(tilftt: f M u M M u 1 t 1 i , / 1 

Ci%in^ (Oorporaf), iiDd«r MDlala 
ThnmtoD-^r W. 800E&. kaib Aoy ihma^ 

Hi« laiiy wae the 
Anhurck cAort who 




> (At Jantr)jjk friend 
if rfr QtoUny P^ivcriL-^ir W. Scott» 
^€9ml tf tk$ Pmfk (time, Gharles II.). 

Oraae (Am* Aliaon). mistreae of Um 
CkiM inn, at Mariboron^ 

Qi^r OcDH^ Um dMiie*k husbMid. — 
8ir W. Seott, KmAworik (tune, EUsa- 

OvRM (iUhoM)* a eredaloof Yankee 
■diooliaiter. He ia described aa «<taU, 
execedini^ J lank, and narrow-ehouldered ; 
hia anna, Icga, and neck mraanally lon^^ ; 
Ua lianda dangle a mile oot of hia 
aieevea ; hii feci mig^t serve for shorela; 
and hia whole frame ia very loosely hong 

ltelMii«r liMtad Omm «w md and iat Ml Mpb 

■M^TtefeMnte •««rtlMr«0Gk pwSa upoa 

OrailMl (1 sy'O* Milton, referring to 
tihe wan of tin pygmies and the cranea, 
calla Iha fonner 


Oraniont qneen Mab*s charioteer. 

Fear nlmbU gwOi tbt bona* ytm% 
Thrir hanMMS of toauMra. 
nv Osnioa. bar ebartotoar. 

M. Drajton. HwrnphUUn (UO-lOl). 

Crank (I^nntf), the papist laundress 
at Marlborough.— Sir W. Scott, Kaul- 
worth (time, Elizabeth). 

Cra/paud'C/oAnniir), a Frenchman, aa 
John Bull is an Englishman, Cousin 
Michael a German, O^lin Tampon a 
Swiss, Brother Jonathan a North Ameri- 
can, etc Called Crapand from the device 
of the ancient kings of France, "three 
toads erect, saltant.** Nostmd&mns, in 
the sixteenth century, called the French 
crapamit in the well-known line : 

C'Sara** ia Aras backwards, a citj 
taken from the Spaniards under Louis 

Cratohit (Bo6 or Rtbert), clerk of 
Ebenexer Scrooge, stock-broker. Though 
Bob Cratehit has to maintain nine persons 
on IJVs. a week, he has a happier home 
and spends a merriw Christmas than his 
master, with all his wealth and selfish- 


Tmy 71m Craichitf the little lame son 
of Bob Cratchit, the Benjamin of the 
Camily, the moat helpless and most 
oelov<ad of alU Tim does not die, but 
Scrooge, after his change of 

nt CaiAWLET. 

eliaiaeter, makes him his special eany— 
a Dickena, A OtriMtmn Gmd (in flvt 

stavea, 1848). 

Crawfbrd {Lmdm§ mri ti/). iStm 
oung earl-marshal of Scotland^ — Sir W. 
Icott, Fair Maid of Portk (time, Htniy 

CroMfford (Lord), captain of tin SooU 
tishgmurd at Plessis Ms Tours, in the par 
of Louis XL— Sir W. Scott, QnsaMi 
Durward (time, Edward IV.). 

Crawley (Sir iMM), of Great Gasal ' 
Street, and of Queen*s Crawley. Hanta. 
A sharp, miserly, litigious, vulgar, ig- 
norant baronet, very ridi. deapecately 
mean, **a philosopher wita a taste m 
low life.** Mid intoxicated eveiy iii|^ 
Becky Sharp was engaged by him to teach 
his two daughters. On the death oi Us 
second wife, sir Pitt asked her to beeomt 
ladv Crawley, but Becky had already mar- 
ried his son, captain Rawdon Crawly. 
This ** aristocrat** spoke of "brass far- 
dens,** and was unable to speU the simplest 
words, as the following specimen will 
show :— " Sir Pitt Crawley begs Miss Sharp 
and baggidge may be hear on Tusedav, 
as 1 \&d . . . to-morrow erly.*' "T^ 
whole baronetace, peerage, and common- 
age of Rnghuid did not contain a more 
cunning, mean, foolish, disreputable old 
rogue than sir Pitt Crawlev.'* He died 
at the age of fourscore, "lamented and 
beloved, regretted and honoured,** if we 
can believe nis monumental tablet. 

Lady Crawley, Sir Pitt's first wife was 
"a confounded, quarrelsome, high-bred 
jade." So he chose for his second wife 
the daughter of Mr. Dawson, ironm<inger, 
of Hudbury, who gave up her sweet* 
heart, Peter Butt, for the gilded vanity 
of Crawleyism. lliis ironmonger's dau|^lC- 
ter had " pink cheeks and a white skin, 
but no distinctive character, no opinions, 
no occupation, no amusements, no vigour 
of mind, no temper; she was a mere 
female machine." Being a " blonde, she 
wore draggled sea-green or slatternly 
sky-blue dresses," went about slip-shod 
and in curl-papers all day till oinner- 
time. She died and left sir Pitt for the 
second time a widower, "to-morrow to 
fresh woods and pastures new.** 

Mr, Pitt Cravley, eldest son of sir Pitt. 
and at the death of his father inheritor ol 
the title and esUtes. Hr. Pitt waa a 
most proper gentleman. He would rather 
starve than dine without a diess-coat and 
white neckcloth, llie whole i 




iown to Wm ; crvn m Pitt bimaelf Uircw 
otT hmtnuddy ^aitere in hi« ano't .ifMCOce 

|j^ y... L.. ' - ' hiB tnothcr4o- 

1a «v renpect," mad 

ttr ^nU» hiB hifcb 

i-ristx-ntLii: Lrecdiui;. At Kton b« wm 
CHllfd " Mti« CrawVy/' Hii rcHpottt 
n|>tnioQB were oflensirely iicfrrcuiv^ 
•nd of the "ev^nj^iUicai tvfj«," He 
tvM b«iH » TneeUnfj-twHw? cIoik? by his 
■nelr't ebtircb. Mr, " ' 'ley cumc 
ifitio the litrgv fort^i mt, Miu 

Onirky^ married 1a ' [shanks, 

ilAughter of the couQtc^-^ w^t 

RieftQ, but leu and leM *' 4_..^ ....... ' u 

Iw jpW enal aad wcftltby* 

Oipllam RoiPdcm Crutchif^ yoang«r 
bmtlier of Mr. !*itt Cmwlcr, He wne in 
the Ungoon Gunrdit, a ^M»tcor] about 
tA»Hrj,*' and Ati adept in IwxiniJ, mt- 
bii fivc»-c«^nrt, and fnnr-in- 

lin He w«» A yortoij dundy, 

tix j.vL iji^ji, vvith a )^*tr*t vuiee, Ijut few 
brains, he could crw^ar a i^mat dral^ 
litit could not spell. Hf ntrttrnsd abittit 
th« ierranta^ wbf) m adored 

him i waa ipraefoti < t pay ht« 

Lmdeatncn ; a IdHlmi . , . una e*ay. 
Hia ftyle of talk was, '' Aw, aw ; Jiive- 
mw I Ciad-4W ; it*s a coafouniled fin« 
Mpiw-aw«--coDfQttttded as I ever snioked. 
Gad -aw.*' Tbis military exqobitc was 
the arlnpted beir r»f MiM rrowTry, b«t 
a* be chote to • ' '^rp* 

was set anide for '' I or 

a tinie liecky eDuL.v .. ...c tn 

vfilcndotir " upon nothing a yeKr," but a 
gfcal pemndal Rr«t wind of pT*^>*f impro- 
|iri«ti«sei T . 

ud w»' 

try \%Uiy U^ui bu> 



ecdonel lUwdon L irtw lev 


of yellow fevAt - 

r .1, 

.*..! ntid 

dcplufrd," an 


hi» uncle*s Uii 



Tke Mm. huu O 

, Lrntiier of nir 

Pitt. He WM a * 


iit»itely, jolty, 

abo\i'l-hiitt«'.-? rii'^.r 

' ' 1 

le pulled ittrvtke- 

«>i ' 

Uiat, and bad 


r* of the timm. 

Tii. 1.^ 

- -- ■ v,-!ve*, 

lacca, Ih 



- iioa 





-L' - . .' -_ 

-f't wil< 

«a« a amart li 

but a|>t iD L 

§aTe h^ bttabi^nij iu.ii iibcnjr' u* do aa he 

liked ; wa« prudent and thrifty. — 7 
ray^ Vamt*, Fair (Id-lt^). 

Cray'on {Lt Siewr 4et, one of Um 
offictsm of Charlet *«thc Bold/' ddi« of 
Burgundy.— 4^1 r W. Scott, Ammt of G«ter* 
timn (ttiii«, Edward IV,), 

Crayom (Otoffrey)^ ^^*t Waflhingtoii 
Irving, author of Ti%e 8kttck-Bmk (lifiO). 

Crea.'klOt a bard, vulciir *"hnol- 

master, (o whoee charge l> r* 

flcJd WM CDtrtiitcd^ aod ^^ fi 
made the aequaixitaxioe ot bu 

Crebillon of Bomance (The), A. 
Ff»nvoia Pnfvoat d'Exilea (IG97-1763). 

Credat Judseua Apella, xion 
ego (Uoncn^ Sat. I. v. tvxl). Of 
** Apella *' n«*thinpj whatever \» known. 
In general the nume is oniiUcd^ and Iht 
wurd " Judnrus" itanils fur any Jew. *'A 
disbclicvinij: Jew would i^ive eradii to tht 
italemeat iMK^uer than 1 should.*^ 

Cr " '!« river near 

Uu- hy[)otheti«al 

geo^ :_. :. .jinl, wboeallfl 

on the biuv tu »Ll«st the lacip^^iEruiiartf 

tUe Fax (1498). 

Greacent Ci^, New Orleana 
[Or^lftnt], io Louiaiaiift, U.S. 

Ores'etidaf in Chaucer Creaneide 

(2 fv/.), a beautiful, spark line, and 

a 1 vu\ She waa tho 

djiu_ . Trojan priest^ who 

Ux^k [ari .rku Citatida la out 

schiimct^ ''•ry,butaiiiedicvml 

ciTJitioti. - her etory was tht 

invr<Dltou of U»Uiu«> the Looibard, hia- 
torioi^pber of UrbinOf in Italy, Cresakda 
b«trt»ths beraclf to TitfllaAf' a son of 
Priam, aud vows eternal fidelity. TroilQa 
tfivta the maiden a j/etrcr, and she gtvia 
her Adonia a ijlovCf as a lof^luu>i» SoOQ 
after this Itctrnthal SD «JEcJu(ag« of 
pHMuu Til in Tji.'ui*-, H'hfn (^rr%«iJa f aIIa tO 
the ry 

tbc xrv njt^iic w [iicu 1 rutjuA u«<} given 

hi'r aa a luve-iokui. 


Af Air, at www, irtad. w a 

Cre&BWell {MadtotM), a woman of 
tofiunons charai^tirr, who baqueathed £10 
Cor a feai«;^ Mraaoa, hi which oothiag 




n ifaoald be Mid of her. The duke of 
B— tinKhBin wrote the ■ermon, which 
VBt M foUowi : — ** All I ahall say of her 
It this : the was bom weli^ she married 
«if0, ilTed weily aud died w&U ; for she 
vaa bom at Shad-well, married Cress- 
weUf lired at Qerken-well, and died in 

Crete {ff<Mmd of), a blood-hound.-- 
See MUgmmmgr N%gM*s Jk-wm^ act ill. 
■c. S. 

tosn^ttatlittewatd; 1 tbM diQr afik^ 

k jr«nrr r. act B. M^ 1 

CWfv (The Infamy oj), the Minotaor. 

TlMlnteBjr of Ctatfli dstMlid bnod 
fiteM. ir«ii; lU. (ISOOL OarfB tWHtelioa). 

Creveoonr (2 ay/.). The count 
Philip de Cr^ecoar is the envoy sent by 
OmIw ** the Bold,** dnke of Bnr^ndy, 
with a defiance to Lonis XI. king of 

TKt amiUen of Ci'iveoomr, wife of the 
eoont-^ir W. Scott, Q^tentin Duncard 
(time, Edward IV.). 

Crib {Tom), Thomas Moore, author 
of Tom Crib's Memorial to Comjrest 

CriUon. The following story is told 
of this brave but simple-minded officer. 
Henri lY.^ after the battle of Arques, 
wrote to him thus : 

PrBodi4oi. bfmw CrlOM. Boa woaa fdbisa 4 Arqaai. 
•I ta •> Auto pM. 

The first and last part of this letter have 
become proverbial in France. 

When Oillon heard the story of the 
Ondfixion read at churchy he grew so 
excited that he cried out m an audible 
voice, Ou nai$ tu, Crillonf ("What 
were yon about, Chllon, to permit of 
inch atrocity ? *]) 

•^* ^Vhen Clovis was told of the 
Cracifixion, he exclaimed, " I and 
my Franks been by, we would have 
avenged the wrong, 1 warrant.'* 

Crimo— Blunder. Talle^nd said 
of the execution of the due d'Lnghien by 
Napoleon I., that it was "not merely 
a crime, it was a blunder.** The words 
have been attributed to Fouch^ also. 

CrimoYa and Connal. Crimora, 
daughter of Rinval, was in love with 
Connal of the race of Fingal, who was 
defied bv Dargo. He begs his "sweet- 
ing ** to lend him her father's shield, but 
f^ says it is ill-fated, for her father fell 
^ Um ipear of Gomiar. Connal went 


against his foe, and Crimora, disguised im 
armour, went also, but unknown to him. 
She saw her lover in fight with Dargo. 
and dischar^^ an arrow at the foe, but it 
missed its aim and shot Connal. She ran 
in agony to his succour. It was too late. 
He died, Crimora died also, and both 
were buried in one grave. — Ossiaii* 

Crim.Tartary» now called tiM 

Crispin (3t.). Crisplnofl and Gii»- 
pianus were two brothers, bom at Rome^ 
from which place they travell^jd In 
Soissons, in France (about a.d. ST^), to 
propagate the gosp«d,and worked as moa- 
makers, that they might not be chai^«>Abto 
to any one. The governor of the town 
ordered them to he beheaded the very 
year of their arrival, and they were madn 
the tutelary saints of the "gentle cmfL** 
St. Crispin's Day is October 25. 

TbbiUyb called th«r«Mt of Crimiaa . . . 
And Cii^in CrUpiao attaU ne'er «o hf. 
Prom UUs day to Uie ending of tiiewwM, 
But we in It ahall be remembered. 

Sbakeepeare, BtntTf F. act !▼. M^ I (UHJl 

Critic (A Bossu), one who criticixef 
the " getting up ** of a book more than ita 
literary worth ; a captious, carping critic. 
K^ne le Bossu was a French cntic (1631- 

The epk poem foor lonUilp bade me look at, apoa 
taking tbe tenfth, breadth, bdgbt and depth o# It and 
trjliig them at booie upon an eiact Male of Boeea'e. 'tis 
out. my lord. In every one of Ited' 

(Probably the scale referred to was that 
of liossut the mathematician, and that 
either Bossu and Bossut have been con- 
founded, or else that a pun is intended.) 

CnYic (The), bv R. B. Sheridan, sug- 
gested by The Rehearsal (1779). 

•^* The Rehearsal is by the duke of 
Buckingham (1671). 

Critics {The Prince of), Aristarchoa of 
Byzantium, who compiled, in the secimd 
century B.C., the rhapsodies of Homer. 

Croaker, guardian to Miss Richland. 
Never so happy as when he imagines 
himself a martyr. He loves a funeral 
better than a lestival, and delights to 
think tliat the world is going to rack and 
ruin. His favourite phrase is " May be 

A pocr. ttfAM wchA, that haa a new dtatiMi fct mmt ham 
of the r>ur aiid twenty.— Act L L 

Mrs, Croaker, the very reverse ot bei 
grcmbling, atrsbUiona hoaband. SLe ifl 




vinhftil, Uglit-bc»rt«d, uid eboefful m 

m lark. 
TA* f<«nr f«wi« ef Mtfk tribar. Sh* ^i Ikvch and 

act 1. 1 

^««»fii(M« CVorttrr, ioft of Mr* Cronkvr. 
B«iiig ««st to Farit lx> fctcti hie iiatisr^ he 
fftllfi 10 l*]V« with Qlivi» Wopdvtll^, wham 
b« IfTttiri bome iiift«A*l, ioLroducrs her 
Co Cronker m h\* d«tightcr, Hkiiti nHi- 
ntttrl^ loamci her. — Goldiiiiith, Tl»e 

Crocodile (Jtinsr). Tho f»««fi)« of 
Ifnft, in Ufpor Fi;yT*t. affirm th«t tbero 
it a king ct' 'vre ia a i|tie«n 

beo, Th«? K'- - • ba* *»rf but 

noWKmnd bn« tio ii>jw«r of doing barm. 
6<>utb«j fayi that tbongb ibo king cro^ 
^sb bM no uil, b« hflJ t«etb to detour 
kit poapl« with. — Browns, 7V«i»^f4, 

Or9<^iU {Lndg Kitff), meant for ttie 
doobeu of Riogttoo. — Sam. Foot«» A 
Trip 10 7aU»U. 

Crocodile's Tears* d^oeitfol fbow 
of grtef; b/pcteritioal corruw. 

It U vrtWM ^U • « > ■■ «<» < vin •«■« momt « »•« « 
«Hril vltam Mi %utM a*viMi«4 1*9 Mrff . MM tikes U 

asdila vfll *«ap. 
' ^ry^a^ AU ftf Urn {Xma. 

Crocua, a y«ttiif man enanoared of 
f bo Dyiii|ib SoiUas, wbo did not retaro 
bts \oxt^ Th«igod« ebang«d bitn toto 
tbe erooui flower, to cignif/ ^nr^mitd 

OroBSUB, king of Ljdia, de^oirod by 
an oraela, waji oonqoered b;f CvniH king 
9f F^nis. CjTui oocDiuttndcHj a hui^o 
fanvral pile to be erecteil, ufion wbtcb 
Croiiitf and foorieen Ljiiian youth* n ero 
to be «b»in«d and burni alive. When 

•bit wa* H-"- *^- .-fi— .-^' i L ; ^ft^sd 

on Ibr x: l.ed 

vbr lie 4> to 

call so one i ru«. 

amMdl wisb tlM of 

lilt ptlt to bt !> aol 

lit done. Crw»u» iheo cj^ied ou A|iol1o. 
frbo trot a ftbowcr wbtcli extin^^mbed 
the ftamet, and be wiUi bit Lydiatit came 
trvn tbf |»le nnbanntd, 

*•* Tbt ntpmblanee of Ihit X^gmd to 
lli# Bible tcoount of tbe Jewi^b yinitlit 
e t uwkiiii i ^i t>3r Neboebadnautf to be caii 
iiitio tka Aerj furnace, ftosi wbicb tbtj 
eeme forth tminjurMl, will near m lbs 

f.vw^wftir^ f^^aipf^^j 

'"rr?-**!* dr««jnt thai 

en froB 

.utioe to 

fm on* 


1 ai tbe 

AtlnuitiiJi, hm tr 

bonr 1'- '*"'■— 

Tb- u.e 

A:ui^>*j t'i''iJtM- {" July). 

CroltiuigTy(J/r, CArytfti/), a mite^ 
man fallen to det-ay, cmietii rf Ur», 
Martha IlcUiime lUlicJ^ i^i wb»>tD, at 

deall., h^ Ivft. rh.. MS„ ,,f im 


, .,.- of 
•r Mr, 

m tbt 
'ir HMfhhmd 

and ,^ . . . .,. 

CaooaiTate'' (y.t,). 
Citryjifit) rroftniijjrv 

of / 

l^H ktii«a kEU UA UiAl Mr. Cfoftan^^ry 
it mcAnt far tir Walt^f Scott't father 
and ibet ** tbe fretful pf^eat at tb* 
dvaih«h«d " it a liri&g picture. 

Cr **- " «' * -V the pmon killi-d in 
a d lu I 1 i udeoo, tbe f amotia 

dwar P*v0rU of ih4 PmM 

(titoc, Charlfei ILj. 

Crokar's Mara In the proverb Ai 
coft at Croker^M mare, Tbit lueant ^^at 
chary tt a mtn that carriee crocker}%" 

J. K^vuuC /A^i^tM, li. I iiMn. 
CrokerSk Potatoee are to called, 
b^TXfite tb«v wer« Orst planted in Crtiker't 
beld, at ^ouc;^hJtlf in Ireiaad.--^. Ji. 
rtancbc, BicoitectMns, *fc., ji. 11 9» 

Qroma, Ulster, in Irdaad. — Oeeian. 

Cromla. t bill in the nei^cbbovriiood 
of tb« cattto Ttua, in Ulatcr.— Oeeian, 

Crommal, e mountain to Uliter« 
the LuljAr iiuW9 between Ctommal tsd 
CrT>tn leadi. — Om tait. 

Crom'well {Otittr), introdo^^ed by 

O f iitnfietJL wbo ntar- 

finJ JSecmg W father 

l^reniii ;»^iLi» ..J . . r, i-'-rtraitf/f rh«rl« I., 
fthe «r<^Uy and lo\ifi{;;lv \M bim *y^*lt 
«wit of the rtKjfu,— Sir \V, 8c«nt» IVW/- 
itftel (tim«*, (%ititmi>nweaiLb). 

ChMiratf it called by ihr preaihet 
Hnftom^r *^tbe arcbaiiigu who did batUt 
«ilb the dcTit** 

Ovmavlf i XiK% iki». Tht Srd Ikp^ 




' WM ooDfidend by OUm Gfom- 
irdl l» bt hii r«d-letter day. On 8rd 
1660^ h% won thebattle of 

■hw; oo 8id September, 1651, hewoD 
Oe butOe of Worovter; and on 8id 
gUiliMbir, 1668, be died. It ie not 
howvrer, trae that be was born on 8ni 
S w it eiBber, aa many affirm, for hia birth- 
day wm 26th April, 1699. 

OciwWrt J>tad Body Inmdttd, Giom- 
w«U*a dead body waa, by the sanction if 
Ml by the ezpraH order of Charles II., 
taken from ita giave, exposed on a 
fibbeti and flnalfy boned nnder the 

*jl*8imi]ailT, the tomb of Am'asis king 
ef &ypt vaa broken open by Camby'ses: 
tbe boay vaa then scourKed and insolted 
in vaiioas ways, and finiuly bunt, which 
was abhonent to the Egyptians, who 
wed every poesible method to preserve 
dead bodies m their integrit;|r. 

The dead body of admiral Coligny 
rCb ./ si n .yg] waa similarly insolted by 
Charles IX., Catherine de liedids, and 
all the eoort of France, who spattered 
Uood and dirt on the half-bomt black- 
cnedmass. The king had the bad taste 
to say over it : 

It will be remembered that ColigBiy waa 
the gnest of Charles, his only crime being 
that be was a hogoenot. 

Crona ("mtmniirM^**), asmall stream 
nnning into the Carron. — Ossian. 

Gro'niail 8ea ( 7^)> the Arctic Ocean. 
Plinv (in his Sat. Hitt. ir. 16) says : ** A 
Thufl onius diei navigatione mare con- 
eictom a nonnollis cnmhm appellator." 

Upoa tte Ghwtea MB. 

Grook-fingered Jack, one of Mao- 
heath's gan^ of thieves. In eighteen 
months' service he brought to the general 
stock f oor fine gold watches and seven 
silver ones, sixteen snoff-boxes (five of 
which were gold), six dozen handkerchiefs, 
foor silver-hilted swords, six shirts, three 
periwigs, and a " piece ^ of broadcloth. 
Wa'chom calls him "a mighty clean- 
handed fellow,** and adds : 

"flMiiSwlM tkw «• oi4r the ftidii of Ui Mm* 
kMm I doa'tluov A prattkr Mlow. for bo nui alif* 

Crop {Qeorg€)y an honest, heuty 
farmer, who has married a second wife, 
named Dorothy, between whom there are 
qoaoela Two sspeeaUy an 

\ CB06BIK. 

Botewoithy. Oop telle his wife he hopes 
that better times are cominff, and wdcb 
the law-snit is over " we will have roast 
pork for dinner eveiy Saday*** .The 
wife lepliea, •* It shaU be lamb." ''Bvi 

I say i 

» pork.** «<I hate pork, I*U 

have lamb.** " Pork, I teU yoo.*' "I say 
lamb.** ••Itshan*tbelamb,Iwillhave 

Srk.** The other qnanel arisea from 
op's having left the door open, whieh 
he aaks his wife civilly to shot. She 
refoses, he commands ; she toms ob- 
stinate, he toms angry; at length they 
agree that the person who first speaks 
shall shot the door. Dorothy speaks 
first, and Oop gains the victoiy. — ^P. 
Hoars, No JSkmg no Sitpptr (1764-1884). 

Oropland {Sr CkarMU ao ex- 
tmvagant, heartless libertine and man of 
fashion, who hates the country czoepi 
for hooting, and looks on his estates and 
tenants oiuy as the means of sopplying 

money for his personal indo_ 
Knowing that Emily Worthington was 
the daughter of a " poor gentleman,** he 
offers her "a boose in town, the ron 
of his estate in the coontry, a chariot, 
two footmen, and £600 a year ; ** bat the 
lieotenant's daughter rejects with scorn 
such '* aplendid infamy.** At the end. 
sir Charles is ojule to see his own 
baseness, and offers the most ample 
apologies to all whom he has offended. — 
G. Colman, The Foor QmUlemtm (1803). 

Cro9Luemitaine [CroaJLmiLiaiml, 
the bogie raised by fear; Somewhere near 
SaragoBsa was a terrible castle called 
Fear Fortress, which appeared quite im- 
pregnable ; but as the bold approached 
it, the difficulties of access gradoallr 
gave wa3r and even the fortress itself 
vanished into thin air. 

Croquemiiame is a romance in three 
parts: the first part is a toomameni 
Detween the knights of Ifarsillos, a 
Moorish kiuff, and the paladins of Char- 
lemagne ; the second part is the sisge of 
Saragossa by Charlemagne; and tiis 
third part is the allegory of Fear Fortress. 
Mitaine is the godchild of Charlemagne, 
who goes in seuch of Fear Fortress. 

Croquia {Alfred)^ Daniel Maclise, 
ILA. This peeodonym was attached to 
a series of character-portraits in /Vtua^s 
Maoazme between the years 1880 aad 
1838. Maclise was bom 1811, and diai 

Ozoslkito ( yrtflta), ptoml of UsBi- 




fn««« • trietid of Mr. Fatiford the 

jy^. n^.j.:^ _;*. ^^ Uj^ provoat, and a 
•ou If L— Sir W. 8ci>tt, 

/Kri , ..rK« in.). 

Cros'bite i'i *'//.)♦ * bumstff* — Sir 
W, SctiU^ UcdgavntUt (time, (icorge J J I.)* 

OfOflS. A favoftrit* legf^nd uned to 
tM tlaiit the Crovd waa tn«Je of thre« 
dilTormt ir«««t And tJint these trees surang 
from thtee •♦ed* Uken from tli« "Trwi 

jf Ufc" «»'! I'Utiitrd in Adiim'» mootb U 
dmlli. T' i'»m*« 9*Ktk 

^Ui bv I 1 a nidi Ml, 

end Tflr nr; , . ..^ .>,,.., ,^.„.. v. iiCQ theM 

ji«"3 Kn . :,r Tetfs^ Ad»in would b« tttt 

froii'. ' !i. (- VM r of f)cAUl« 

ri li* ^ 1 ii.f (in elkgoiy than « 
1*^4 '^:. 1 ' 1 • p ii^t^endcand tnuUiioiu 

CroBS-legged Hoet (IhtktHo tnlA 

0«/), ;foinL^ wirhrnjf. Jinu.r. liUPn'en at 
«>n<* time r clienii 

til the 1 * tot \U 

eflipi.'^ if :, -*-.vgged» 

^ llfaUer, //uJltAf4Jv IILI (WQ, 

Crofls PurpooGS, a farce by 
O'llrieo. There Are three brotiiera nAuini 
!kvil— Fnuicis ao M.P., lUrry n Uwyer^ 
And Gpftrjri* rn the iHtAnln. They oJl, 
itti^ u^ otheTi wish to niArrj 

l^n i«o bjiadeoiDe d«agfatfir f*f 

« Ti rirlLcr. FrADcit p«yt court 

io lite Ittdieit and obtaint his con»€nt ; 
Hurry U* diti »u)thcr, and obUiiiiH hrr 

cim#uit; And (;..,.- *. a.., i i.t^y^ 

irhoiiecrmsvaiii kr 

bfot)if*n« rrtirr ^ uq 

of t ttu9 

Al ; . Mr. 

llevii, Ai. 
Ill At ther- 

Croaft QutMstiuiis b ^d 

AiiAW«rti. An Innh r> \^ 

br f'--- -■"■-' *■■ ' ' ' ■ '' ,>.iui 

CI, , .ve 



J juidy 

'^^ftiJL &wt»4hAr' f^gtMaed tll« 


ktfijr; ** wifely fither yoa or I m\iit bl 
mtyii ! " " Ypji, br»th, yotir rruijr^tv." 

Some lit '* ' — '" ~?»mitj^ U> l-^ni^lAad 
for cmj*l* f ihrv wrni]d n* 

a;*fetr! fn von? (2) Whv d© 

-on«? iiTid ihnt th« qncfltloQef 
>iA5% *' No, I dcrti't want yo«f 

ScaP(*<»ly had they crosaed th« 
btttdct ihaa they came to the IxKiy uf ft 
man ¥rhi> had lxs#»n mnrd«r«d. 71i4iT 
»t(»ppeil trv ! ' ' I a cmurtJibfi 

camtB np did thii?" 

**We thft' WW the pf*» 

PAItKi annwcr. " \\h\ did yoii cli> it?" 
•aid the i'Mri9t«ble* " j^or tlit iitf»iiey and 
the lilver," was the annrer t}i<fy had 
prepared. '* Yoa ncmtmdreb," aatd the 
crnistmblei "I *ib«ll hnnj^ v^fr for thia.** 
** If y<m dnn't^ annthi ,l.i th« 

ineQ, and were prep< <^vrByg 

when they were marclf . '•« 

Crosa'tu^looC » Uwyer^^-Slr W. 
Scott, Heart oj Mtdt^thkm (time, G«of^ 

Crothar, ** lord of Atkft,** in Cmi- 
naught (then called Aloec'ina)* He w»i 
the Rfwt and most pcunsrful <5hicf ftf the 
Fir-lKdjf ('*bciwnien")or lkl|:^ from Uri^ 
Uin who rolonired the Sinkthem part* of 
IrcS.ui.l, Tr-tJcir ...rri.-.t -dl (^-^nWrn^ 

court in uUier. Ai t^onlantA mnA l>e- 
tr«>thed to T«rlo<»h a Tael, b# t«iid# ati 

'* illuud jHiuftfd ijij LdtHHl^ Auii 
claiida were hun^ with is^hotU.* 
Cad toeing reduced t<ithe U-it - "- 
Tmthe) <lb« grAnd father or 
f^onar (pwu of Trenmor) l«- 
r, **ii hij amval in 
11 kinij, and the \ \: 

^und, he cmllod hiwiudf ' 

lrei«nd," — OaaiAft, Temtjra^ ii. 

Ovihar^ riannl ^-' -* ^— 
Iftelnnd), held ii 
a!l Irr^l.ind. < 


tiiunil tor 
Oaalan ¥. 




oouid am ■ .mtmi.!, n ».^.r 

Ootiiar^ ioiaderi but waA 

ditf«ated ^ When (>a«iMi 

reo^rbed VUUtt hu ibUackttl Ihe f lctAckM« 




MtaHV, iuid bolii fonteil the 1111117 ^^^ 
ri«v Oa ciiMC.--OMiJui, Ofoma. 

cirikdi becMue his fint tAd ehief tchool 
•C philiWMihT wai dc&bliilifid M Cm- 

CXroaoh'tllimfl^ fmni I3ie iaTeatioii of 
tiw CvMi to Si. Ilelen'i Dnj, i>« f^mn 
Ifaj S to Aagofi la. Hdliwdi, io }m 

"^ tnt this is whotly impotnbte, u 

May Kemj^bi»ne«»j'* 

TUMf^ in his ^ , 

mrvt ** From boll <^tr fatt, ttU CFoaeh- 
anss bt pMt, <^. £»!. H«kn*i ~ 
TIm WOfd BMBB " Odw^hws.'* 

Crow. ^ tt« Ciw^ fiiet^ Uut tft 
■taughtfrom th« point of BUrting to tbe 
point to be mchedf irithaut beLo^ turned 
nom Um path bj houaea, rircnf hllli, or 
oChsr obflMlM. which ^ not divert tb« 
tnm from its mght The Ajnenciuu call 
it ««Tbe Beo-liiM.** 

Ozowde'rOy one of the rabble leadets 
cnec-uiterad by Iludibiu at * beKr- 
!r^^g The aesAieiitj figune of Ihit 
chenetsr vss Jsck^on or Jephaofi, e 
miHiDcr in the New Encb&n^^, Stnindi 
London. He lost a le^ in Ibe ierdce of 
the Toondhesds, and wa^ reducied ttt the 
n e ce ss i ty of eerntng a living by ptaj^ing 
on the crwed or cromtk from ale^bouse 
to ale-hoase.— 8. Batler, HuMra^^ u f 

(The orvKfA was a Icmg box-ebaped 
instrument, with six or more itrinjEr^, sup- 
potted bya bridge. It wa« played witb 
a bow. The last noted performer oa thU 
instroment was John Morgan, a Welib- 
, who died 1720.) 

Crowe (Cbtptem), tile attendant of sir 
Lanneelot Greaves {{ jj>f.)i '^ his perc^rri* 
nations to reform society* Sir l^Docclot 
is a modem don Qumiitei aad captaia 
Crowe is his Sancho Panu. 

CteptriaOtaw kid eawnuidwi ■ mMcftftnt italp In Ow 

■OMT br diBt or tai^Utr RAd tiaSk. H* Ml >« «. 
. tan«. Kt]«4^ eptfiidhF l» bli wn, wti 

K i M iii wU boMrt, bat » Uuli «fw4Dh 
vwA M A ■KfcUw cbiU : wiitniQd, IvpMVtti^ ind k 
taipaCBOOi that Iw ooold M>t bdp bnAktiif m yimn tlH 
^ r It ShfBfci b« «ikifa inHtri Initri- 

I hb potM.— T, AMdllri^ TM JJ w l iM 
KTSIr tiiifihrtfrMin(i:«t. 

Crowfleld (CAHftep^ipp), a 
donym of Mrs. Harriet Beecher 
(1814- ). 

Crown. Godfrey, wlieo made the 
S(vef-lord of Jemsai^Eii, or *' li&roa of the 
Holj Sepulchre," stf used to wear a cfown 


of gold wbero lils SavIdui- bad only wots 
a crown of thciract. 

Cadaie, after the rebuke he gt^ to hii 
flatlfireia, lefiiscd to wear tbjtMeforth eof 
symbol of royalty at alL 

' Mlm bnh dU fi>r l»1j bftm dbon 

Crown of th^ B3«t. Antiock, also 
eaUod ** Antioch the BeauUftd." 

Grown of Ionia, Smyniai he 
laigett ^y of AaiA Mmor. 

Omnma. ByroHi in Ikm /tkn^ wyi 
the snltaa is ^'nuuter of thirty kin^ 
dcima" (canto vi. 90), The e^r rf 
Riusia 1« proclaimed as loverelgn of 
■cventeeti crowtis, 

*,* Of course the sizltaii is no longw 
ouuter of thirty kingdoma, %^%* 

Crownad after Denili* ln» dn 

Coiitnr WM ejLhuoied six yean after bee 
a»!)4SJiituiition, and crowned qu«ni of 
Portuji^ by ber husband^ don P«di,« 
(Sm Isiti; DE Ca«tiio.) 

CKrwqTilU {Atfrfd). Al&ed Henry 
Forrester, author of Leam9 frvm mg 
Me7fiorandion*Book (IBGB), one of the 
artiay of Punch (ieftS-1872)* 

Oroye (/ju&ef/i^ cotoiit^s* o/>, a w»fl 
of CbarlcB *' the Bold/" dtike of Burgundy » 
tlhe tir«t aitueara at the turret wmd^^v la 
PleseiB icM Tour», dbgruiaed as Jaci|ueiiDe 1 
and her marriai^ with Qtientin Durwain 
ooneludea ibe novcL 

TAn cmuUcsi IhmgUm 0/ Crotf^j aoni 
to countcsi Idabelle. FusI diiguiKd as 
Dame Perut*^ (2 9yL) al Pleasia l^s 
Tours ; *ft«rward* married to WilliAia de 
la Maick.— Sir W. ^cott, QmntM Du^ 
mard ^timc, Edward IV-). 

€roy€ (Monseiitmraf 4k la), an officer of 
Charles ^* ttie Bold/' duke of iSurguady* 
—Sir W. S^ti, AAne 0/ OeiersU^n tiimtf 
Edward IVO- 

Crofsa'do ( Tkv Qftat). general lord 
Faidkz (ldli-1671).— S. BuOer, Budi^ 

CrucLflilon (T?**-). When Clovls 
wa* ktld tlie tt*>fv of the CrucJdxioi^ ha 
ej^cbinied, *' Had J nod my Franks been 
thcT^ we would «oon have aven^ thi 

Wh«n Crilloo '• the BiaFe " btard tb* 
tak, be gTew go excited that he could nol 
oontain himself ami fetarting op in tM 





CtMon ^ ( * * What w ere y ou *1 h> u L, Crilia% 
to alion of tuch dottdi u tb«Mi ? *') 



Ut piirtl« iitN doak with. In ortier to 

oUitm <hjs Inv^-ffift^ rlin? Wly tiAUbliiihed 

:» " ' ' . I i- wba |»«s«d 

b*ir of ber 

*' |A4«iii^ ^'*> I "^ ^ ^ their 

livw. Hir Crujof W i^n by 

fir Olidorfi, Hri*n« v,»o ...... ^«sd to 

nboUflh thtf toIJ.— Spenser, /iwrry Vu^vn, 

Oruel (7%«1, P^edro kiiw of Cutile 

C( -f), Undlord 

of L] ;:in,— ftjir W. 

Crurn'mlee (Mr. Vthomt}^ tfait 
•ccenUic but kind-bea.rted lUAOAgtr ol 
tlie t^orUmoulh Tbejitre, 

ll ••■ emmmrw Hut Um vr1l« iili«iil4. IIV* Mr, 
f^MMhlM. iniMjLl, VNHtrnet Ui Mr* kii tli* litlMHt 

ifff» CViiiniii^, wife uf Ur, Vtocetil 

Crumiftten, A «ti>ut» iioi»cit«>«Ji, tnitf«dy> 
ijUieii (Miirt nf « WlVt ^hc widkt or 

atwAya ipeftki t Kc her 

hunfwad^ iih« i-- I, 
»lwitv- *-;'it.'.- * 

J/' liter of 

the r. iv-Villl 

•♦ 111 c ► J 1 1 1 . d/ '— <:. JJickezu, 

Crumthornio, fin« of tlie Orkney or 
Bhitilwud IslAfid«*--OvswJa, Oith-Ladt^ 

Crunch^'* ■' ^ — ^ *^ '' ^ ' 

to Tr)Uor 

MniM ." He wiy; tt "' rtMiir!*:^ - 

lion 1 HckMw, A Tiue p/ 7W 

Ompp (Mrt*). % typic&t fatimbaif, who 
!■£ dfcatnboiv in Uackin|;h«i» t>tr««t for 
vottnir gvntl«iii«n. Unvid CfippeHJeld 
lodijvil with her.— C. Duleii»» Z^avul 

CruAliM by OrnftmontA. Tar- 

tocjA, dMuirbi4?r of the governor of the 
^ . >i«J »p the Sutumian H ill. wu 

' r tfa« leold oa the Hftbtti^ 

Xfim^KMr^^^ Ptfid coliAfi to opim • ifptXvt nf 
1^ fonnH (^ Ukc beu«|£«i«, on condilioii 

tb*t tbiy would give h 
wbicb thr-y vrore uv^ Him. 
opexieii ! 

'•The»t ,,., ,...,. .,,.... .,. 

6«bioe»on tfaeir Armi/' &rkU tUe niftid wm 
cnubed to dcAtb. G. GilfUUn^ alluding 
to Longfellow, bA« Ihie enoDtooi iillu- 
■ion : 


Crusoe (n.'^*^n,uu\ »h«j bero lud tlUo 

of a ttovel 1 : if.>e. ItobiniOD 

CrituriA t« a »< -'Mh>r« who Icadi 

ft ' ■ ' '»n a deearl 

I itifUfaby 

at Al. 

who in 1 , . 

on thf ULDJI' 

nnndc/. ll^i 
and four niutUlu, whi-n 
by caplAtn WucMbi Ri»gt r 
9m llMn wrm •n^liiiv i 

I he advrnturtii J 
Scotch iwilor, f 

Cruth-Xiod&p the vaf-god c< CI 

•ucivut (iacle. 

In4* tarmrd Onirb'Luil* of i 

■ wrmu 

■IIHII •'«»t HP 

Cryst&rLine ( 7^). Aocordingtothe 

theory of Ptolemy, the erytUiJliite ephei* 
cocnei after and beyond the Armament or 
■Inhere nf fhr f^xed tUn. It hiui a ahtm* 
EpmnrT ^^]llcl» aowewbat lolcr^J 

ftfea V, i fte sUirs* 

OD« Qt tHe K 

•iir ccaaed 1 
wtt» ujfmeTnre aoomcu to WMUlfr i 




Oud'dle or Cdtbbbbt Hkadrioo, 
• piMriiwiMi in tilt wmce of ladj 
Bdk n &i of tlM Tower of TUlietndlem. 
-^r W. Seott, Old MortalUy (time, 
-" • lU.). 

a lierdeiiiaa, in Speneer*! 
fg CaUmhr, in three eelognee 
of which Cuddy it introduced: 

EcL ii. If a dialo^e between Thenot 
and Coddr, in wluch Caddy is a lad 
who eomnlaine of the cold, and Thenot 
huBcnti tibe degenerftcy of paetoxal life. 
At one time uiephcTaB and herdemen 
were hardy, fragai, and contented ; but 
nowadejB, he tayi, ** they are effeminate, 
Ittxurioos, and ambitious.* He then tells 
Cuddy the fsble of **The Oak and the 
Brsmble.** (See Thbsiot.) 

EcL TiiL Cuddy is a full-grown man, 
appointed umpire to decide a contention 
in song between the two shepherds. Willy 
. aud PerigoL He pronounced esco io.lie 
worthy of the prize, and then sixin to 
them the "Lament of Colin for Rosa- 

EcL X. is between Piers and Cuddy, 
the sul^cct being ** divine po^nr.** 
Cuddy declares no poet would be equal to 
Colin if his mind were not unhappily 
nnhineed by disappointed lore.— Spoiser, 
The Skepkiarde't Calendar (1579). 

Cmdiyy a shepherd, who boasts that the 
charms of his Buxo'ma far exceed those 
of Blouzelinda. Lobbin, who is Blonze- 
linda's swain, repels the boast, and the 
two shepherds agree to sing the praises 
Af their respective shepherdesses, and to 
Mtake Qod'dipole arbiter of their con- 
tention. Qoddipole listens to their 
alternate verses, pronounces that ** both 
merit an oaken staff,** but, says he, " the 
herds are weary of the songs, and so am 
L**— Gay, Pastoralj i. (1714). 

(This eclogue is m imitation of yirgil*s 

Gui BonoP " Of what practical use 
is it? **— See Cicero, Fro Mtkmej xii. 82. 

CMa. tbat gnat aaS fimw ptillMophir, dU cw—on\y 
SaoMad. wImd am ntw pr«i>Mt vaa propouadad uto 

ir«r«U« (•• Tte Itw^n, 

Ooldeee {U» t&qmtimrwi persons)^ 
the primilive elersy of preebyterian 
character, established in lo'na or Icolm- 
kiU [I-columb-kUn by St. Columb and 
twelve of his followers in 668. They 
also founded similar church establish- 
asents at Abemethy, Dunkeld, Kirk- 
jaldy IKirk-Cuidtie^, etc., and at Undes- 

fsne, in England. Soma saj as maay a« 
800 churches were f6undM by f 
Augustine, a bishop of Waterf ora, 1 
•ipnst tiiem in 1176 a war of 
mmation, when those who eould cooajpt 
Bouffht r^uge in lona, the origiasl eraoM 
of the sect, and were not dnvcn thenoa 

PMoa to tbair *adH llha para OddM 
Wan AUvB'» fSMiAM^*] aaritat pdMli of Q»4i 
Ira tcC M Maud af bar iHi 
1^ faoc ef Sanm Boak «M tnrf. 

OuUooh (Annuy), a pedlar.— Sir W. 
Scott, Guif Mtmnirmg (time, Qmtg^ 

Cti2iiborland(/oibia/). "Thedcffl 
and John of Cumberland*' is a bhmdor 
for '*The devil and John-a-Comber." 
John-a-Cumber was a 

Tha on^ HMB raaownda for awddi 
Oft faava 1 hcaid ba ooea hifividatt 

Cumberland (WUliam Augueiue diAe 
opt commander-in-chief of the armyof 
George II., whose son he was. The 
duke was especially celebrated for his 
victory of Cullo'den (1746) ; but he was 
called "Tho Batcher** from the great 
severity with which he stamped out tiie 
clan system of the Scottish Highlanders. 
He was wounded in the leg at the battle 
of Dettin^n (1743). Sir W. Scott has 
introduced him in Waserley (time, 
George II.). 



OMnpbril. iMMaTc ranrfhwk 

Ctimberland Poet (The), ^niliaai 
Wordsworth, bom at Cockermoutb 

Cuxa'bria. It included Cumberland, 
Dumbarton. Renfrew. Ayr, Lanark, 
Peebles, Selkirk, Roxburgh, and Dum- 

Cumnor Hall, a ballad by Hiekia. 
the lament of Amy Robsart. who had 
been won and thrown away by the eail 
of Leicester. She says if roses and 
lilies ^w in courts, why did he pluck 
the primrose of the field, which soma 
country twain might hsve won and 
valued? Thus sore and sad tiie ladj 

Sieved in Cumnor Hall, end ere dawn 
e death bell rang, and never more was 
that countess seen. 

\* Sir W. Scott took this fi» tilt 
groundwork of his Kenilworthf which ht 
caUed Cumnor IlaU, but Constable^ hit 




pnblisHier, induced bim to cbuigo the 

Ctm^gond6 [h'H'.m,^cmd]^ the 
oibtT««« of C&ndidc C2 stfi.)^ in ToUAir«*« 
oofvel allied Candide, Stem« ip«lli tt 
** CnoPf^ucd/' 

Cun'nin^ham { Archie) ^ one of the 
ercbers of ^t Sci*U:U ^UA^ia lit PJwats 
li^ Tours, in the pAv ni Lohia Xl.^Str 
W. Scott, Qucniin Purward (titu«, Ed- 
wmtd IV.). 

Cu^nOy the mn^per, fktltef of AgsUm. 
—Weber, /Vr /Vvi*/ .;^ '^-'"' 
Cuno'boUne, n i siruf^t, 

eOn<kf T*>c.if»v*aiiuii ai - :. ._ 1' C*J»e- 
tlcun* Coins etUl exist beJiring the 
n»ine of ** Cunob«lm^,** and the word 
** Cftinelodununi " > > > - i^ ^<^^ 
eepitftl of hi» Win^^ Ri>man 

genemi between a.i> 47 wm& 

Aulu* rtjiijttu*, btit t(] 47 Ottoritu 
HcmpftlA took L^ra^^tibciifl priBoner. 

Some tv ' ' ' 11... i Sbftke- 
epeare'i ' it»*l fn>m 

»,c. 8 to A * (ether 

VIM TenjUitiua m 'i'cuuaxiUu.'i, bii ftone 
Guide'riits and Ar^'lr'%;u», and LheKoman 


Chinstanco or ConstMioek (See 

Cupar JuatiCG. h^ng firit, and try 
afterwi^rdit. (Siiute aa '^ Jed bury Jua^ 

Ciipid itnd Ptyche [*?i'.*.v1i en 
epiaode in TIU Ooidctt Ji» if Apulwina 
The ulleiforx Tvpr*^^ 
with PavehA, Hi? 

upon bitr 

hta abnuLit ., 
p!iXcb<J now \\ 
J oat one, b»]t v 
with rvleti! 
ttlntoKt U' 
mafn*.^ t 

9 * ■ ■ 

will flee away, and tl.» 

ia love 
r r\-cry 

• ■'■■■■Tly 
• i.-r 

■, rf« 

ui look 

I fell on 

h« elttd. 

\ of tlie 




mat not 

lit, or it 

^11 auffcr 

lon^ yean of torment. At * --^ 'i^tli 

will correct ber exA^;^crat-i«ii -1 

love wiU rcaide with her t^j at 
bcr Life, 

Cupid's Jack-o'.XianteiTL, the 

object of en AffAtr of g&Iiiuitry« Bob 
Acres Mvi : 

Tkm Mhtit, 


■Sir ihii^ftritemdOaaM** 

Cu'pidon (Jean), Ccmm 
waa MO cAlted by lord Byron f. I 

The count's father wu ftt ^ I 

Cur'an, « courtier in Sbekespeere^i ' 
tngedy of Kintj Lear (M05). 

CuT^ d© Meadon, R*J»el»ia, who 
wae first a monk, Uien • leech, then 
prebeodafT of St. Maiir, &nd katly curitf 
of Ueudoii (148S-l&&a). 

Cu'rio, » gentleman attending on Che 
duke of lllvria.— Shakespeere, 7W//M 
N^jM (1614). 

Vurio, So 
l-eney^ ami 
bU countT^ 

of U> 

Akrn*ide ealli Mn PuU 

"Uie betmyer ef 

rn the drreet eutee- 

Aiid uQt of the victiliil 

Uk - . ' 

Curloua Impertinent {Thtu • 
tale IntrodtjctTd by C<*n aitt<ia t»i his ZAjh 
Qtiic'^f, 'Hie ** tnijtertincnt " is en 
It All an fs^cntlcman who ia aijly «>ar»U(;h 

U» 111 :' " ^' '' ' ' ' - - •' ' '•''-■ |,y 

pei>-i... 'i*3 

CJUlf . r tjfli 

fori," and thv fuul la UU to Ixwaii hia 
own Coliy.— rt 1. W. fi (1005). 

Cu ' ■ 1 1, the nam (U pJwnf at 
Chafi , author of Jatui Kurt 

[Aw], u 

Curtain Palniod. Parrhaniiw 

I^hsiiUhI a curtain a^' wuiiderfutly well 

f«i'co y.euain, the rival aniNt, 

ht it waa riral, and liede bim draw 

hf:< <l I ■ ■ ■ 

The I 

caiuc to I' 

tain," boM 

thoiiprh the i..i.|™- ..v-^i^. 

the ciirtato deceived Zetuue. 

«hnw bta picture^ 
i* v»iui a liuikch dt 

-1 Lh^ birOe 

" cue- 
J foe 


Ourta'jiA* tiM nrord of Bdwftril ^« 
GoafcMor, whidi hid qo p4)mt, arid w»p 
thMilbiV BM cm1i1«iii ef meic^^. Till the 
of Boux tIK tbt Toyml iword of 

ft« «ii» «JMH« wtiB wt A» til* dwvt. 

OnxU^nA or OoujTtaia, th* sword 
«f Ogier the D&iiet 

Ma ( L^brJ dMir Ooinxln hb vwwd oot of It* dhMlh. 

d« Nomandie (10S7-1I^), 

Gurt-Mantlo, Hsuf II, cif ^- 
land (11% M54^1l«d), 9a <»lkd b«- 
CBUM he w^t* tk^ Aiijott mA(iil«p wbidi 
waa ahoft^r than tli« robft worn by his 

CortiB, on* nf Petnxblo> serrimta. 
^^hskespwR, Ibmimg of thi Sfirtvo 

Cur^son street (Lotidonk 3oiiani«d 
lilcr tlM pnniiid-iaiiilli>nlf Gfiknge An- 
I Guioto, tiiird tUooiuiI Hi>w«. 

Ot^hla Maoliree (Irish), **Mf 
hciLn's ddi^ht." 

Custaaoe, djwght«r of Lh« emperof 

of Eiome, sl'daaixd to tht fiuIUio of Syria, 
whirl abjnr«d hu faith and cnnaentod lo 
be bapbsted in ordec lo marry h«r. Hitf 
mother hated thii apo«Ucy, tad ftt the 
wtddirtg Lrbakfaiit alew all th« apoKtatjei 
«x<%pi tb« tiride. Hi^^r ahe embarked in a 
diip, which was set aririftt and in due 
time reached iLhe Uritiih shf^rcni wbore 
CtmtJMi^ was rescyfd Uy the lonl-coti- 
tUbte of Nflrtbiimbprland, who took her 
IioitiCh, aod placed htr under the cars of 
hii wife llcnnegild* Cufitanee converted 
bnth the cimatabte and his wife. A 
ynt^^ knii^ht wi^^hed Ut marry her, but 
she declined ^is iiait, whereopoa he 
nmrdertd liiirwcKild, and then laid the 
bloody knife besideOistimcej to make her 
luipectsed of the crime. King Alia ex- 
amined Ibc caic, and soon disicovered the 
real i^ietii, whcrenjwjnthe knight was exe- 
ciit«i, and the kin|; marri^ Custanee. 
The qnem-m^rther hij;;h1v disapproved of 
tlie mabeht and during die absence of her 
a^n in Scctland cmb^ked Cuatance and 
her infanl b«y in a thip, which was 
liiTii«d adrift* After fioating abf*al for 
iTc yean, it wm takiin in tow by a 
Roman fleet on its retunt fn?m Syria, aod 
CDftazii» irith her son Klsurice became 
UK gvcati of a Roman sciutar. It lo 


happened that Alia at this same time wM 
at Home on a pilgrimage^ and encoanteted 
hii wife^ who reiuroed with him td 
Nofthunib^laDd and lived in peace and 
bappincas the rest of her life. — Cbauceir. 
GmUrbury Tak9 (" The Man of Uw*i 
Tale," 1388), 

(^utimoff, a gay and rich widow, whota 
Ralph Roiater Doi^ter wishes to naanyi 
but he is whoUv balEod in his ache me. — 
Kicholas €dall, Bidpk Emitter Dttut^ 
(fimC Eagliah comedy, t&34>« 

Cute (Aidcnnan\ a ** praelieal pbtlo- 
Bopher,'* resolved to pal down eraiything, 
tn bis opinion " eireiythina- mnat \m pSl 
down." Starration mn4t oc pot down, 
and so must anleide; eiek molherB, babie*, 
and povertr*— C Dichena, Th$ Ckimm 


m Utfaal^ oiM of Iba 



Cuthbert (^), a Bcot<^ monk of 
the sixth centoiy* 

Sl Outhb^'t Meruit, jointa of th« 
articulated stems of enerinitea, nsed lor 
roAarieq. So called frr>m the l^Kend thai 
St. Cuthbert tit:* at night <>u the rock a 
Holy JsUodf fotping these ** beada,** 
llic opposite rock wrv^ him for vawiL 

Ob ■ HjKh 0* MivdUAira 
SL C^iiilHft lulEt, uMt t^i Hi tmim 

mt W. Sqett, Mvmtm iWm 

St. OwtfAerfM £Hane^ a giaiiitc io«h 
In Cumberland. 

St. Cut/iUTfi Wrii, a ipring of wata 
clii«e Ly SU Cutfabert't f 

Cuthliert Bdde, the Ber. Edw. 

Bnidley, author of If^rdant Give* (l^^)» 

Cutho'tia^ daughter id Riimaff waa 
betrothed to Conlath, yonnjgeat ton of 
Momi, of Mora. Not lonj; before thi 
etpoasnJi were to be celebrated, Totcar 
came from Ireland, and wa» hospitably 
entertained by IdomL On the foBith day. 
he saw Cnthoua nut huntingi and carried 
her off by fotv^ tkin^ pnraued br 
Conlath, a fi^ht ensui^d, in which h«ta 
the yfmog men fell, and Cnthona, aftsr 
languishing for three daya, died alao.^ 
Ossianf CiftUalh and Cuimima^ 

CuthuIliHt son of SemOf eommander 
of tJie Iri»h army, and rejjent during tht 
minori^ of Cormac, 11 is wtf« wai 
Brag'eLa^ daughter of Sr^rglan. In Urn 
poem called /^iif/eii, Cuthulltn waa diH 
feated by Swaxaji king of Lo^hlia 
[Sjandin ■ ■ ' ^ 




; Ilng^, rc^tirH fiom the flelj g^looni|r 

AKid Md, FingaJf hftvinic utterly d«f«»tcd 
Swamn^ iiiTtUd Cutliullin to the two* 
qnf^ and putuiUy restured his dcpmicsd 
•piriU^ la the third yc*r of Carm«£*» 
fci^. Torlatfa, ftOQ of Cao'teU, rebdled« 
CutLullin giunc4 & complete victory over 
him At the lake L4f>;o, but w»i moruHy 
«otttided in the pursuit by r mndom 
•rr<tw. CuthulliD waf tucccetlcd by 
Kathos, bat tb« yoiin^ lun^ wnj »ih»ii 
dethrtifvcd by ihii rebel Cairtou-, ajid 
QiurdeRd.— Owian, FingoJ aad 27m? Death 

Cij*1**-r (,^ /oAa), a royaUti, who 
<I 1 uced to the atcno«t poverty r 

TvM •«ffy «a»t itec «M HMm Iv tM» pMMdL . . . 

^VlnMMd VfiMi. VM art f» fetti » AMMt" 
Poptk m»fm itmt^ 

heroin t 

ai ma- 


/Ot ^^i^ry Frith, the 

a'f entneiiy caJIrd TA* 

i5hc was a wcTnan 

► ur^ who not unfn?- 

man's atiir^. This 

Dotori«,tii« cui-uur«P «inre Att«urked (g^nt^rml 
Fairfax on llounslow Heath, but was 

and »eiit to Sr v • s,- es- 
caped, however, by bril key, 
mm died of dropsy ar t Tju 
Kalhantel Field iotriKluci:^ her m hia 
dmmi called Amtnd* fitr Ladiin (1618)^ 

Cuttle (Cn/F/i ' ' ', a great 
Irtead v( ^olom< > >« ito«tru- 

mem maker, Cajvi jmd been a 

•kipLMtr, had a hook luaIc^4 of a n^^tit 
Land, and alwayt wore a vei^* bard, 
i;la<cd iiaL He wa« io the habit of 
quilting, aod drairlDK those to whitm he 

rke *^to finferhaul the caterhi«ni uU 
y found it ; '^ but^ he addcd» ** when 
fMUod, make a note on," The kind- 
hearted teaman waa very fond of 
FUvreace Doinbey* and of Walter Gay, 
whom he califd* ** WaJ'r»" When Flo- 
Fvoce k/t her father'* roof» captain 
CtttUt ihaltttcd her at the Wooden 
llidshlpomil. One of hiii favourite 

icftliBientii waa *' ^r 
Mend, or a bott: 

»tr want m 
hint.*' — C 

note of ** ii the 

( Hockii* the Symple'- 
tK.^)f »t* eaUed from their 
>|} ^recniab-blllB Colour. 
MwiNwiMi i«(ai «r iTM or « 

ialanda. to called from the duMie leipMid 
that they drcied numi U4Umi when that 
island waa rendered sutionary by the 
birth of Dtaoa and Apollo. 

Cyolio Poets, a series of epic poets^ 
who wrote cootiouAtioiis or addltiooia to 
Homaer's littul and ifdi/»»ejf ; tiiey were 
called ** Cyclic " b«cau*e they confined 
themselves to the eycie of the Trojaa 
war. ■ 

Ao'tAB wrote an epic on *^ the fetum uf H 
the Greeks from Troy " {b.c. 740^ m 

Ancri'Noa wrote a contintiation of the 
liiiiJi^ describini; the taking of Troy by 
the ** Wrjoden Honte,*' and its eonHagra- 
tioi). Virgil has copied from this poet 
(».c, 776). 

Ec'aAKoM wrote a continuation of the 
Odumey, It contains the ad vent ores of 
Teleif'onoa in aeardi of his father 
Ulyasee. When Ue reached Ith'aca, 
Ul^sees and Teletnaehos went agmtnai 
hiui, and Tele^nos killed UlyiiO with 
a sfiear which bis mother Circ^ had g^rea 
him (W-c. 5€»). 

Lisa'ctrfea, author of the Littk Jliad, in 
f oi r book»f conttiining the fate of Ajax^ 
the exploitik of rhUoc^tt>s, Keoptorcniosu 
and Llys«es, and the Hual capture of 
Trny (R.C. 708). 

STAsi'xoa, ** son-in-law " of Homer. 
He wrote an introduction to the liMMi* 

Cyclopa. Their names are Broiit£*| 
SteropCft, and Arg^. (See Sixuiuaii, 

voy. it.) 

Cycif'p9 1 TAe i?io/y). So Pryden, in the 
MatqHf of AihtiM amd Alhanius^ calls 
Hichard Runibuld, an Englialuiiaii, the 
diitt cooMpirator in tlic ** Ryehouse not.** 
Ik had lost one eye, axMl wna executed. 

Cydip'p© (3 fyl»), a lady courted by 
AcoDtiuii of Cea, but betnf? nnahle to 
obtain be/, he wrote on an apple, **I 
iwear by Diana tliat AcoutiuJ shall be my 
bu«liaad." Hits apple waa pfcsmUrd U> 
the maiden, and botng pcnuaidcd that she 
had written tlie words, though inadver- 
tently, she eon»ent4fd t«i tnarry Aeootiut 
for ** the oath's sake/* 

wcUtiia AR He'* ^ *>>' Mil — a aaiC 

ac i, but of 

tu- iffi, sii. 

|«>8), It wM coftl-bUrK^ Willi whU« leg! 
aad bul. 




Cyllo'lliuSt Mercury ; lo called from 
■UNiBt QyUfiDil, in Arcadi*i where he was 

Oym.'heline (8 fy/.)> mythical king 
of Britain for tnirty-fiye years. He 
began to reign in the nineteenth year of 
Anguatos Onar. His father was Tenan- 
tiua, who refused to pay the tribute to 
the Romans exacted of Cassibelan after 
hit defeat by Jnlins Cssar. Cymbeline 
nirried twice. By his first wife ho had 
a daughter named Imogen, who married 
PosUiumns Leon&tas. His second wife 
had a BOB named Cloten by a former 
husband.— Shakespeare, Cymbeline (1605). 

Cymoohles [8t.mak',lee»'\, brother 
•f nrrochldSf son of Acrftt^, and hus- 
band of Acras'ia the enchantress. He 
sets out against sir Guyon, but being 
ferried over Idle Lake, abandons him- 
self to self-indulgence, and is slain by 
king Arthur (canto 8).— Spenser, FaSry 
Queen, iL 5, etc. (1690). 

Cyxnod'ooe (4 $yL). The mother of 
Mar'inel is so called in hk. iv. 12 of the 
Fairy Qmsvh, but in bk. iii. 4 she is 
spoken of as Cy moment "daughter of 
Nereus" (2 syl.) by an earth-bom father, 
** the famous Dumarin." 

Cymoent. (See Cymodocb.) 

Oym'ry, the Welsh. 

nw Webb alway" caJkad UmumItw "Gymiy.* Um 
■taral OMMiIiiff of which to "sboriglnw.- . . . It to th« 
■MM vofd M "Ctmbri.'* . . . Tbmy adl titalr laiigiM«B 
"Cprnw^" !«. ** Um prlmitiv* toagne,''— K. WUilami. 

CyuBdgi'TOBf brother of the poet 
^scnylos. When the Persians, after 
the battle of Marathon, were pushing off 
from shore, (>)mje^iroft seized one of 
their ships with his right hand, which 
being lopped off, he grasped it with his 
lefthand ; this being cut off, he seized it 
with his teeth, and lost his life. 

Admiral Bbsbow, in an engage- 
ment with the French, near St. Martha, 
in 1701, had his legs and thighs shivered 
into splinters by chain-shot; but (sup- 
ported on a wooden frame) he remained 
on deck till Du Cassc sheered off. 

Almbtda, the Portuguese governor 
of India, had bis legs and thighs shattered 
in a similar way, and caused himself to 
be bound to the ship's mast, that he might 
wave his sword to cheer on the com- 

Jaafrk, at the battle of Muta, car- 
ried the sacred banner of the prophet. 
One hand being lopped off, he held it 
with the other ; this also being cut off, he 

held it with his two stnmos, i 
last his head was cut off, ne oontriTed to 
fall dead on the banner, which was thaf 
detained till Abdallah had time to rMcm 
it and hand it to Khaled. 

Oyne'tha (3 sy/.), eldest son of Oid- 
wallon (king of North Wales). He waa 
an orphan, brought up by his uncle Owen. 
During his minority, Owen and Cynetha 
loved each other dearly ; but when the 
orphan came of age and claimed hia in- 
heritance, his uncle burnt his eves out by 
exposing them to plates of hot brass. 
Cynetha and his son Cadwallon accom- 
panied Madoc to North America, where 
the blind old man died while Madoc waa 
in Wales preparing for his second voyaitP. 
— Southey, Madoc, i. 8 (1805). 
OMlwaOoBto «imt prlaMnros Jen C^mSttM : 
Proh pudor I bune oooUs patniot privsTtt 

Cynic Tub ( 7%e),Diog'en6s, the Cynie 
philosopher lived in a tub, and it is to 
this fact that allusion is made in the line: 
[nUy] iMch tbeir doetrliMB fhna Um Cynk tnb. 

MUton, 0»mtm, 70S USS4). 

Cy'nosure (8 syt.), the pole-stor. 
The word means ** the dog*s tail,** and is 
used to signify a guiding genius, or the 
ob«»er\'ed of all observers. Cvnosu'ra waa 
an Idiean nymph, one of tne nurses of 
Zeus (1 syL), 

Some santle Uper. 
Tbo' a nnh ckndi*, from U>« wieki 
or KHne dajr hablteUon. rtolt lU 
WiUi thy lone levelled rule of •tret 
And tiioa ■halt be our star of Areadjr. 
OriyrUn cjruoeure. 

MOton. Omnm* om^ 

Where perhape ■ome Beeutir Uee, 
Tj» onoaure of ncisfabnuiiBg eyee. 

Ufitoa. L'AlUgfQiam, 

Cyn'thia, the moon or Diana, whc 
was bom on mount Cynthus, in I>eloa. 
Apollo is called "Cj-nthius." 

. w'etrhlng. in Ute night. 

pele CynUile'i mehncholy ttiht. 
Faloouer. r*e dAfjMvrec*. UL t {^TUt. 

Cyn'thia, So Spenser, in Colin Clout*i 
Corne Home Again, calls queen Elizabeth, 
** whose angel's eye " was his life's sole 
bliss, his heart's eternal treasure. Ph. 
Fletcher, in The Purple Island, iii,, 
also calls queen Elizabeth ** Cynthia." 

Her worda were like aatraiun of hoocjr fleeUng . . t 
Her deeds were Uke great dutten of ripe grapes . . • 
Her looks were lUw beanu of Uie morning na 
Forth hmkiiig thro' the wiuduwi of the eeet . . . 
Her thtiUKhu were Uke the fumes of fhrnklnosBM 
Which from a golden ceitser forth doth rtai 

Spenser, VMn Olout'$ Com* Horn* Afmim (IMl) 

Cynth'ia, daughter of sir Paul Plianti 
and daughter-in-law of lady Pliant. She 
is in love with Melle'foDt (8 jy/.). Mi 



ealU her •*Thv."— W, Congrerv, 

Thg Ikmble DmUfr {lGd4). 

Cjrp'rlAo (A' man ©f loo« 

nonui ; Ao eiillt inod Cypnw, 

• chifif flCAt of i: , of Venoj or 

iWrian fjtrcthtr), % Domintean mcmk 
•t th« HKmAiiteiy of Itotvrood. — Sir W» 
l>e«il, /^air Maid af Ftrih (Um«, H«OTy 

Cyrena'ic Shell (7^)» the Un 
fir «tf*in of OttlimVhot, n Grc*k noet of 
Akxiindrin, in I'VyP*^' Sijc of hti hymni 
Its KcAftOieLcr vcr^e nre etill cxUot* 

f gr ran ih* Cyrvniifi ifa«U 

Cyr'io (^.)r the utnt to whom 
Milnn ftdii r«sa Ihemiei ve«. Tb« St. Elmo 
of the Wel>h» 

ttMUiwy. ^o^««, I. 4 (IWfl. 

Ojnrua and Tom'yrie, Cynii, 
tklUr subduing the east<?ni }iftiU at Aflia, 
wii defcAtr*) Ht Tr>Tnyriji QutHBO of tli« 
MftnMgt'* ^ Totnyhe cut uff 

hii held, n into ■, vessel tilled 

wiUi tiumn: . 'ng, AH the did io, 

* * Thcj*^ d ri j*k t hy ii 1 U '* I>*ntd ref ew to 
thiA i&cidcnt in hli Pwf/ntory^ xii, 

Oao^nttr Ofrut . , > 

Itf «M> tMf« |ww iw mm «it^< 

Cyt1)eift;*}i, Vrfiu 

7 4Mlf«ddrai4^« 

I. i^k III--. I irirrvMr/^ ir«K 

csillr*! from 


itt rn t omJe Li\ VulcAa, 
the ritliirule of the court 

I4« till <kt» I Hwiir ttmg) 

iiitoh«r rSt f» 

lO €•! tll«tr owa chi^(i»«o. 


»f Ui' 

D'Aeunlia ( T^t^m), waititi^-womAa 
to the coDQtcM of GlcnaUAii.— Sir W. 
Scott, Antiqwtrjf (tinac, Q«urg« 11L)« 

BafTodil. When Penii^ph'on^ th« 

the gi>d of thtj 

II- -- . _ , .... J bmr off U» be*] 

mtrnv hi» wiie, And turn touch turned th« 
white dowere to a golden ydloWi Soni# 
reomitted in her treivce till *hc f«ftcbed I 
the tncsdowfl of Aehe^ron^ And falling oil j 
there grew ioto the ftiphodetf with wludi ] 
the meftdoivt tlieiioeforlb fthoundod, 

9ti* WMlli ««r* &lr b> ■< 
f«fMi|iliaflA ( ?«S!(ibanA t 

Doffon, *ixtb in ord<»r ^ 
of hell: (1) SAtJUk, (' 

Moloch, (4) Chernov. 
r»4i* He w»i» w 

«ef« broken off. 

\>*UIIIM WX. Ul« 

Ami 4i'ivn«hnl Oth. 

One i 

ban ■nwm »'' 

Jfisdoo hi 

' 'riff Arthttf^i fooL 
wiUi iwo iiiii- — ■" 
Hi they dww 
Aoua«d therm ell 
'^vet iniule Lhefn moan|| 
•- "ff, etnid the leew 

. vi4 Mi I 

*>inge thet he oootj 
pefvonsted tir r>«goi]«t, while he v«i gl 
etadent et Oemcnt'f Luu^^hakeepeAr^^ 
2 IJvwuIV, act ii. «>. 2 O^^H), 

*«* TeoDyfton deviates in thta, a* lit 

Itoc KttvBmii MuUMTtac i§ ^laMoatrjtu , 

j| Ui0 uvu nsnas,, iiiK:ftUk# nv - ior»u tiig 


puftDg: wieU ; ** bat TaoiiYioa la js thmt 
kir tiawmin m&de hJm *'^& aiock-kiJght of 
the Round T*W«-"— fA* i<»it rc/wnio- 
wsii', 1, 

Dal'dakf Mahomet*! I^ronnte white 

I>alga, a LmnlMud liftfkt, wb o tne* to 
i«diic« yi>iing Galtbo, bat lioltbo b i*Ted 
&y bij frifeDd Ulfinora.— Sir W* D*- 
#fiiiuiti Oomdibgri (died 1G€8), 

H ^mte youQir ooblemaaY Kin of tbe earl 
if HdnUnifkn (*n «ld Scotch noble 
fkiuily), Nt^feJ strike* IMganio nith 
bb nrbin]^ and ii obltged to leek refuge 
la "Aiimlm.** Lord Da]^mo'» villiuiif 
to die Udj H^nii<MiS excite* tbe ditpicii- 
■iiT^ of kmg .Jttiiie*» K^d be vr^nld Itsve 
bwa botjLsh*^ if he had aot murried her. 
After this, lord liftlgnmo carrie* off Uie 
wife of Jdhn DiFistiei, lb a 9b]|>4wneT, 
ftud ii «bot by cwpt*in Crjkpepper^ the 
Akiitiu bully.— Sir W. Siott^ Fortttms 
0/ Nigei (time] J Ames L)« 

B&lgetty^ {ZN*7a/if}, of 3>n]m- 
tbwjicket, the onion of the fDldodo witb 
the pedantic student of MiLreficbjil Colle^. 
Ai a ftoUier of |c»mici«i he ia retained in 
tht temce of the eAri of Munteith, The 
imut[ai» of Ai^'ll (leader of tbe pArlia* 
meotaiy army) tried to tAinp«r vith him 
in {xri»oa, but I^u^aJiJ ecii^ed hmi, threw 
him down^ and then made liii o&aipe^ 
locking the marqtiii in the dungeon. 
After the battle, Okptain Dalgetty was 
knighted. Thia "Rutrnaster" i* a pe- 
dAOl, Teiy conceited, foil of vulgar 
aamranee, with a (?ood strick of worldly 
knowledice* ^ ttadent of divinity, and a 
•oldier wh& leti hia Aword out to the 
hiicbeit bidder. The ch«mcter ii original 
and well di4wn.— Sir W. Scott, Le^jtmi 
cf M<mirc$e (timef Charles 1,)^ 

It w u eM KxtAlkA. iMit b DOW r«4qcHf (p ll»* 
^mtrmnm of • ""iwiih" itet vruld hmw* Aatthvi^ Hi* 
tfnMKic RMl Of tHwOil Ch^tlr. lit ^ 


IlalseU (Otnerdi Thomas), in te 
njval army of Charlf* H*— Sir W. Scot^ 

Old Mii^talit^ (1816), 

DamaseUBofth&irortlL Boao*- 

Seraj, capital of Bosnia, is so called frois 
ita j^iM^ea4ike aspect, trees being eterf* 
where mingled with ^ honAea« 

Bame dti Iiae, ViTienne 1« Far. 

The lake was **en U inturdie de la petilt 
Bretaigtie ; " "en ce Hen . . . aToit la 
dame moiile de belies maisons el montt 

Ikum du Lac^ Sebille (Q ay/.)« H«i 
caatle was snrrotinded by a rirer on whidi 
rest&d so thick a fog that no eye conlil 
»e« acro4t it. Alexiuider the Gitot 
abode * fortnight witK thi« fay, to b« 
cured of his wonnde, and king Aithnf 
was tha mtiJt of their amour. (Tbli ii 
not in aceordonce with the geoerkk 
te^ndfl of thia noted hero. Sett Aa- 
THUH,) — iVrwf/orw**, i. 42. 

Bam'taUp * mnire attending on thi 
Gnnd-ltajitef of tne Knii^hts 'I^mplara. 
— Bir W. Scott, ImnAof {tiuie, Bichard I.), 

Damiot'ti il>f- Maptvtti), a Fadi»iB 
quack, who exhibits ^* the enchactitd 
mirror "^ to Lady Forej^ter and lady Hoth^ 
well. They eee therein the cland^tiQ* 
marriage and iattddity of sir Hulip 
Forester.— ^ir \\*. Scott, Atmi MattjuFdft 
Mirror (time, William III,)* 

BajniB llMh,me], ion of Orgon aiid 
Elmire (2 svL)^ impettjtous ai^ sslf- 
willed,— Molifcre, Jarlw/tf (1664). 

Banm with Faint Frai&e. 

Vmmm Mli^ i*int prtiH. immat witb chrtl !««r, 
JUxl wtilHiut mumnag tio^ Ihi r4 tc raster. 

*«* The original of thia eharacter waa 
Vnaro, who wrote an ac<roiitit ot the 
cAmpaignt of ibat band of Scotch and 
Kn^lifih aujKJlii^ries in the klond of 
iiiwineinflnde^ia t€30. Itnnro was hlmaelf 
one of the boikd^ Dugald Dulgetty is ODe 
c f the belt of Scott'* charactcn. 

BaltOQ {Mr3^% houiickMper to the 
Keif, Mr- i^taimton, of Willinpham Rec- 
tory.— Sir W, Setttt, Ilmrt it/ Midlothian 
;time, GtojV'C 11,), 

Ddlkm {£Mmaid\f the hero of a novel 
to eallod, by J. G. U^khait {\6»2}'nil the people of Dmmno- 
ninm, that is, Cornwall, Devon, Bonei- 
shin;, nod part of Somerseishire* Thii 
region, &ay» Kkbufd of Cin;iiceatef t^^**** 
vi, W) wofl much freqaeotcd by the 
Pboi^ti Indian, Greek, and Gallic merdiants, 
fur t^e metals with which it abouoded, 
and pnrtictdiirly for iU lia, 

Wbcrrtn ouf UfWvaAin now uA bfthilt Ooramt W^ 

BaJn^odeB (3 j^/.), asyeophant., in tlit 
court of IHoqys'iuaiAif /T/cfc^rjOf Syracujia, 
After extolling the felicity of priaceii 
Dionysius told him he would pve bii* 
experimental proof thereof. Accordingly 
he hud tkie eourUer arrayed in royal rooeg 
and seated at A Bumptnooa b&ci^|uet bol 
overhead wti a twoid laspendied bj 

•reiy h* 

Djj jqgrAa, 

iingto lioncbAiri and Dvnoclea ww afniid 
lo ftir^ lest the hair should brcAk snd the 
iword fr" ~ ' Dionviiun thuB inti- 

irty, ^-Cicero. 

Lm m vbu b«» M-^t «Mtf MMM to Ite Bid luak cooo 
Hir «ac«BinB t)f Utlii4lin« ooiiidtefMUlP l^ow w i Mmfck our 

^ and I* «fv^ OB iakl pku. Ml n «w(UI mini 

ow U* ImmI* In (S« rfMM of • httlUflVor bcradl- 

% ^m.^-TWkM«r, r««i4«|r #^4rv 

P amoft ^taii, i kerdnin&n . Tbeocrito» 
AnuJ Virgil UM Uie aAine in their pawtomli. 


Daemon. » coat-herf in Vlrgiri third 
Ecivtjm. Walili introduces Uie came 
OAme in his Eclo^put aIjicu Any nuitic, 
•w«in^ or h«rdflmAn« 

X)aJiion and Delia^ Damon ukii 
D«lii why the looks 9n cttldly on him* 
She repUci because of lui attentioiui lo 
B«lvidrm, He uyi he paid tbeac altcn- 
lions at her own request, **t4) hide the 
Mcret nf their mutual love.** Delia con- 
neiMf that hi« prudeoce it comnieudjible, 
but hi« acttDiff U too eameit To thii he 
tejotaa that abe aloae hold«bl« heart; and 
D«lia repti«t : 

11m' ma 1 nj^ jmt (raai mklnit 
R— iw ibb bull iM^ dl*«ti|M««ik 

Damon and Viuiido'ra. two 
loven who mifundetitood each other, 
llttjfidora waa coy^ and Dasnon thoit^ht 
her thyncsa indicated iadiiftreuce ; out 
one day he i»w her bathini;^ and hie 
delicat^y on the rtccatfion io onaniifld the 
maidi'ii thai she at <mot ftCGCptid Mi 
pr^lUred luvvu— Thoinaoii, Tkt Staaont 

Da'moTI and Prth'iivB. n^umn, 
I ieoat^r »f h i r^t- 

tncUied, Ion rh»- 

I^Ofe'an pbilo^ofmy isus? a .:>u'ii: i-'.-jducae 

and iIowneM of ipeech* lU wma a faat 
friend of the r«7piit.lir, utm] when Dit>» 

uyaina wan n ^ v'ote of 

iit Mnale, I- i the b»> 

trmytT^ of hi* ,......, ni.nnced 

Diotiyiiiii a ** tyrant," wai 

ieiifff. «nnl «*♦ ^Tt? iTif'*J iu. 



Ihe {^4u«^«i %Vjui di'JUCii kiliJ. vUt dill 
le eAtcution, ti>« fjicud l'yUu»» 
■OHltomi bim, aivd oLUined (fcroi 
•I DUmjaitti ta becotue Lin tunt)| aad 



io die in hie ibead, if within four hoaa 
Damon did not ivtunu Pinny tint nol 
only accepted the baiU bat extended iha 
leave to exx hours. When Damon reaelitd 
hi« country rilU, LucuUuh killed hit 
honic to prevent his return ; but £>amoa, 
■eiyJng the horfe of a chance travel ier, 
reached dymcuse just ai the ezecutioocr 
waa preparing to put Pythiaa to death. 
Dionytiui ao admired thii proof of 
friend »ht[v, thai be forgave Damon, and 
reaiiested to be taken into hia fnendahip, 

Tbii subject nasdimtnatizedin 1571 by 
Riehard Fklwanla, and again in lB2i bj 
John Banim. 

(The claasic name of PgtkioM ia **Phii»- 

Damflel or D&moisAau (in Italian, 

dontel ; in Latin, d/jT/uMtitu)^ one of tha 
gallant youths domiciled in the maitamdn 
roi, Theae youths were alviay»»ons of 
the grcAter vaiaals* Lcmis VI L (U 
/eujw) was called *'ll^ Euval Dams^ i" 
and at one time the royal btMly-goard 
wa« called '' The King^s DatnaeU.** 

Damsel of Britt&njr, Kleanoti 

daughter of Ckotfrey (second son of 
Henry IL of Elntcland). After the deAth 
of Arthur^ his sister Eleanor mas aext in 
roeomaion to the crown, but John, who 
had eaused Arthur's death, oo«i fined 
Eleanor in Bn*tol C«iiti*, when ahe re- 
inained till her death. In 1*241. 

ITAmviUfi (3 9ifL), ''tha atbdati*' 

with »^- - - - ' " 1 'hio, mnrdafad 

M^' r hti eatalM. 

(levenljbciitJi century j. 

Dam Van (3 «i//i), the lorrr of May 
(Uie vouthful bride of Janijijr urd 

km^^it, GO years of age)-— i m*- 

tcr<t%Mty TaUi (♦^The Mef.L^ _ i^e,** 

Dan of Ui6 Howlet Htot^ Ite 
dra»^uu of the revels at KennaqtihaLr 
Abbtfv.-8ir W. Beotl, 7^ AiM *nd 
Tkt Jkomut<r^ (tittie, ElUabeth). 

Dan'ae (S »uL}, an Argive prtneea^ 
visited by j&ena I Jitnitat] to the form m 
a thoww of g^lo^ while iha waa ooaflatd 
in BO inacoeaaibli tower, 

DanaLd (B 9^L), Dw'aufl had Alt? 
daiigbt«fi| called the Danaida or D^ 
naldffrt. Thi^ae fifty wamen married the 
ttiy ftons of ^Igyotua, and (with one 
^i^ceptioii) mtirdeTvd tbetr husbands on 
Ihe night of their eapooaala. For thii 






mimt thcj wen doamed b b«d^ to 
pent iralittr ttvwk«yj3^1y into neves. 


%* Tht (me wlio ipved ber bu»lMmd 
wu Hjpenaaettn, whose biiibsod'j 
■■Mi wm hjuceta [Lin\mK]. 

Doa-apWr the G«renati wotd f^r the 
Dhs'Qbe^ oied by Hiiton iA bl» Fartsdm 

iMt, L asa (1665), 

Dttiualiig Chancellor (r^)i ilr 
IjAtton, who attracted the 
I of qtieea EUauibeth by bi« e^o&^ 
ftd juM^iag al A nukMU*. She toot him 
into tifoitr, mad maae him both chjm- 
eellor tod knight of the Gut^ (died 

*^* MoELf. de i^aEBQf the f^vourile of 
Lami XIT»i owed hU foituoe to hi< 
(race in dAOcUg m the kii^'i quAddUe. 

Ni ki^-^^A. Diinw, ruMiitf £ik« emttii*. 

DoJiciJXK "Water (r^M?)» from the 
Eiiromg Forrat. This watcf had the 
tei5wcr of imparting yotithfull t»au^ to 
{bote who tii«d tL PriEu^e Cheij, Aided 
by A dtifTfti obtAibed it for Furstar. 

b u«k«i itaM4 rov^ acsla. ud cm 

Dajldiea ( 2^ pria^ o/), Beui Brum* 
mel Cn7S-lS40). 

I>&ildill fG^orye)^ & lidh French 
tndeemui, who mAifiee Ang'elique^ the 
doyghbrf of MotiA. U bototi de Sotenville^ 
aod hMM th^ *^ pnviie^ "^ of pfl^iD^ off 
the fkmilv dthu, majDtAinin^ hiB wlfe'i 
noble panatv, uid being entibbed on ^ 
0QcftdoikB to hb bemt'A contesit. Ho 
l^nituitlj uid ta hinudlf in eelf^ivbuke, 
Vom faner tx/viu^ unu favex iKtWui Geari^ 
Ikaidmt f"You beve no one to bUme 
but yomw f joa brought it <m yottiMlf , 
Qmngjt Diindin 1 ") 

ViH fn^m voKta, t^B Him ' wwdM , 0*Mft DBindte ( 
KA Tnii^ fohi f ^ . . warn Mftm /Qfiiciu^iit er qjUB rsm 

•' W«i4 j.. fm m^kt, fSwrw iModln,' d» bM, vltfa « 

i^ttik *-F9B wn 4««ifiqiiHa 9a iC^ ud luuit lM*,f iti« 

*«^ There ii no nich phraie in the 
eomedy m 2\i Fat wmlu, it lb ftlway* Vout 

Dan'dolo (Sffnor), a friend to Fazio 
in prueptrity, bat who tamB from him 
w.ien in diigraoe. He sayi : 

te ■■ itfUn of 'buoi aaa ipmt anA hOMI 

itf iUpatm, ■ 

counti(>3 m which the Den«i nttled fa 
En^iuid, VL£., Eaaexi ftUddleeex, SnAilkt 
Korfolk, Hertfl, Cunbe^t llants^ Liiicol% 
Kotta*, Derby^ Northampbon» Ldceeter* 
tblre, Bucks., Beds., oJid the ¥««t tcf- 
litory called Northumbm,*^ifAM»to« 
CAronkit (printed 1662), 

Dan^eau (Jvwr ^ Ai], to play m 
good ft hand at eardi *(» Philippe dm 
Conrcilloa, mafqoia de Ikangeau (168^ 

Daii'gerfiold (Oapimn), a hbed wil^ 
ness in the ** Popiah PloL"^Sir W* 

Scottf PtverU of tAa Pmik (time» Qaadei 

Baiisle, a ^ntleman bitten with Hi* 
theatri^ mania, who annoyi a manager 
with tmjjenitieiit flattcTY ajid adiHce, It 
la e&id that Tbimiaa Vnu^'hant a play- 
wri^t of ftmalL reputationi was the 
original of thid chamcLei.^— i>heridanf 
The Cr^e (lee act t. I), 0^^-*^ 

Ttm lattm' ptt^aa of Um MuleiKit li intclllflbhP . , , 
im Uw l^llBliHli 111 of Ut. tl>iuJ« i nmuik. ihmi tiM 

two.— JlKre, #■«. Alt " Itumnxm,' 

DanliaAch, one of the ^nii who 
did not ^'acknowledge the j^rent Solomon." 
VVben the princess Badoura in htirileep 
was carried to the bid of |>finc« Caitiaral^ 
zainan that she might see him ^ Danhoedb 
ehanii^^ blmflelf into a Qoa, and bit her 
liis at wbid) Badoura awoke, saw the 
prince e)e«|ji£ig by ber aidCr and after- 
warda becanuj bia wife.— ^ra6tan NightM 
(** Camarabanian and Badoura")* 

Daniel, ion of Widow I^aekitt; m 
wealthy Indian pUeter. A noodJo of the 
fiofteat mouldf whom Lucy Weldon mar- 
riea tor hie money. — Thomaa Southvui 
Ormnoko (IBSti)* 

Dan'mflchemend, the F^snian 

Biirc^reT, mentioned in Donoertitige!*! 
narrative. — Sir W. Scott, Amttf of (i«r- 
rtofl (time, Edward IV,)* 

pante and Beatrioe. Some lay 

that Beatrice^ in Dimt^'B Pivma Cortik' 
iiMiu, merely pcraoniHeB faith ; othera 
think it a real cnaiacter, and aav the vaa 
the daughter of an illutftrioua family of 
Portinan, for whom the poet entertained 
a purely platonic affection« She 
the poet after he baii 
rh the liYer 



c Beatrice Portinrn'ri married Simna 
6«rdi, Aod died ml the iig« of 94 1 
I WM t few fiifintht old«r, 

9hm pamn* av tti«« Dint* 

t>«Mi Hut • «ifai!i**nti»li!r'« |i . ^ 

fi^r«w«. DM* /«Miii, Mi. ti naoi. 

%♦ The jMHjt mKiried Grmrrift, rf th« 
powmti hoiiM of DoTiati r**.) 

i)Gmirf l/tarti. All il of 

t)«fit^ wbich t hftvc neen :,,.... Jiim 
without nay Leflrd or iuur on bin fari* ftt 
«J1 ; but in PurrffttifOfy xjLsi.f Beftiricc 
•»> ': thon thy beftrd^ and 

111 ill do/' t««. Itft ap 

yf>iir ivbout ^ou; ftod h« 

•ddji "No »<i4jacf iifUd I mintt »#i>cet up 
* , . thikn mine eyea r^fusoun^cindc/l Ue»- 

Donton of the Ceveimes, 
Mu c. HewMAlwdcr 

l>BJiirars {Ch^Jri0$}^ tn embryo bur* 
•ii««r of tJie Middi<» Temple, --C. Selby» 

Daoh'ue (8 *y/,)» dnigHt4»f nf 8U^o 
•nd &iy»lji, uid fllater if " The 

f»v<7ant« of Apoilo whiJ« on 

f»fth irj tin' ihftnicler of u i lad 

unm ^Kaac Oliftia, Muiiu (a 


ll.. V M mriholngy Dipbfi§ ft<fd 

ffmo tliQ am^roiiiii god, »nd eaciipcd by 
bebif ohmi^ mu* « Innrf t.) 

IJaph'^nifl^ * W I an vberK 

b«xd, uif tnv4*ntiir fit i ^ < trv. He 

WM ft iOD of If ef€tiryi a&d fii«fid Wh of 
Pfto and of Apollo, 

J>aph*ni»^ lb* modeAt tbcpbcrd. 

TIM *^>)^ *i«r<!' o<>uf. but t:«ar awlil b* 




Ct>n • ■■ • 

pli^^''"'^ ^- .. -.-- 

of pUutct^ whicLi \iv ni>w • 
deaiejiLi:jt U> IVn, ("ujod, ii 

(rlvhsbly thU Creek putofal iwiy 

•ilin?««ted to St, Pierrp bb ^tofy of fawi 
atid Vir'jmi/i, C;«y bju a poem entitled 
Vaphni$ and Chim,) 

Dapper, a lawyer*! elerk, wbo went 
ti) Subtle '^tho lUdjcmiHt,** to bo ««ip- 
ptt«<l with **a f&miLiAT" to make him 
wit) in hor»e-nicing, card*, and all pimci 
of chanoc Dapper u told to pre (jam 
bimaellf for an mtenriew with tbe fairy 
t|ucen by taking ^* three drops of vinegar 
in at tbe no»e, two at tlie month, and 
One at either ear/* **to cry Aiuvi Cbrioft 
and bnuM as oft«ii.^^Bea Jomoa, Th§ 
Alch«miMi (leiO). 

Dapple, the donkey ridden by Sanebo 

Panza, in ('errant^' romaooa of Ihm 

Darby and Joan. Thii liAllad. 
ealied Tr^e ff^ippif Otd Gw/V*, li printed 
in tbe G^eniieman'a Ha^jatitt^^ ▼, IhB 
(Iklarch, lTar»}. It it al*u tn numptre'i 
t\M0^tm of 8omj$, lh2 (Ckmb. 1805), 
with the mneie. The wordu am apm»> 
tinif* j*liritniij-(l fn rnnr, and tbt flrti 
lin^ ino: '* tksai CA/oe» 

wlit! laurt ; " ouiy Prior 

I)(«rtiy And Jtrn-n are nn nld^faahinned, 
lovini; cotip"''. *^^"!ly avrrsf t" chang* 
of any •• i ^id thilt 

Henry W wf th« 

ballad, aiiii ^ it Jehu 

Darby (pn titer, ul JUriiioJiuiurw Cloa% 
who died I7;il)j and bi« wife tUwM. 
WondfaU scnred hii apprfnticcahip with 
John Darby, 

• ViMi MAI t» • iiM«» imr. tf i Hi fl M r i>i bat nr b* at 

L I tlTTi)^ 

Dardu-XjCl'na. the daogbter of FoU 
dalb Kt^neral of the Fii-bnljy or lb»lu« 
tM^ttimF in ttte iouih of Ireland* When 
Foldatb faU in batUe, 

Ilk m^ nabM ts «• fOl* «! Il«uk « Pa r i w tw aH 

4nmm, iff iJninrtJbo^ dMMa. vWr. kt>« iVH iMvrvSM 
tMm UM mum U htedk, !!•' iM SMilC 

■iMPi> . . . Oatytt la It- 
Hi kmmm U^. SMli>«n«iii 

■- - 1 iHba *." 

iM or Mi tw^ o tibB m*"' 



Dare, I/umami mihii a mr oliiriiiaB cp» 

^H^o. — Tervnce, 


DargO. the Pprar of Oeataa unO dl 
FingaL— Ooaian, ^AtAon (UmI CW«*mI« 

Dar'gonet *'Che Tall,** m« ^f A»> 






%ifaihe^ mad brothtr of Plandiiie. In the 
Mit pcoTokad bj Oswald against duke 
ysadjptit, whidi was decided by four 
eooibalBiits against four, Daigonet was 
ilaiii 1^ Hago tha little. Daigooct and 
Ua bfotiMr woe iiTala lor the love of 
Lannu— Sir Wm. DaTeoant, Qomdibmrtt 
i. (died 1868). 

Bari'uB and His Hone. The 
I for the throne of Persia 
he should be king whoee 

^ flrst. As the horse of 

Darias was the flrrt to neigh, Darius was 
yradalMed king. 

(AU the sooth of Russia and west of 
A^ was called Seythia.) 

Daziemont. gaardian and maternal 
VBcle of Jolio of Haruieonr ; formerly a 
nerefaaaL He takes possession of the 
inherltanoa of his ward by fool .means, 
bat is proud as Lodfer, saspicioas, ex- 
adting, and tyrannical. Every one fears 
him: no one loves him.— lliom. Uol- 
eroft, Deaf and Dwmb (1785). 

Darling {Oraot). daughter of William 
Darling, liKhthonse-keeper on Longstone, 
one of the rame IsUnds. On the morn- 
ing of September 7, 1888, Grace and her 
fsUier saved nine of the erew of the 
/br/arsA«rt steamer, wrecked among the 
Fame Islands opposite Bamborotigh 
CasUe (1816-1842). 

Damaj {CharUs\ the lover and 
afterwards the husband of Lude Ma- 
nette. He bore a strong likeness to 
Sydney Oaiton, and was a noble character, 
worthy of Lucie. His real name was 
Evre'monde.— C Dickens, A TaU of Two 
OUiM (1868). 

I>amel (^urWia), a character in 
Bmolktt*s novd entitled The Adotnimti 
^ akr Ltmmstlot Ormnu (1760). 

Damley, the amant of Charlotte 
[Lambert], in Tke BypocrHet by Isaae 
Bickerstaff. In Moliere*s comedy of 
Tar^e, Charlotte is caUed *' Mariaae,** 
and Darnley is " Val^ie.** 

Dar'-Thula, davhter of CoUa, and 
•'fsirest of Brings maUeaa.** She fdl in 
lore with Nathos. one of the three sons 
ef Usnoth lord of Etha (in Amllshire). 
Gsirbar, the rebel, was also in love with 
bar, but his suit was rdeeted. Nathos 
was made comHumder of king Cormae*s 

army at the death of Cothollin, and te 
a time uphdd the tottering throne. Bal 
the rebel grew stronger and stron gaf , 
and at length found means to murder 
the young king; whereupon the amy 
under Nathos deserted. Nathoe was now 
obliged to quit Ireland, and Dar-Thula 
fled with him. A storm drove the vessd 
back to Ulster, where Cairbar was cn- 
campod, and Nathos, with his two 
brotners, bdng overpowered by numbers, 
fdl. Dar-Thula was arrayed as a young 
warrior s but when her lover was slain 
**her snield fell from her arm; her 
breast of snow appeared, but it was 
stained with blood. An arrow was flzod 
in her nde,** and her dying blood waa 
mingled with that of the three brodisn. 
— Ossian. Dar-Thvh (fbunded on tht 
story of "Ddrdri," L JVoas. o/ Mf 

Dar'tle (iZsoso), companion of 

Steerforth. She loved Mrs. Steerfoitil^ 
son, but her love was not redprocatsd. 
Miss Dartle is a vindictive woman, noted 
for a scar on her Up, which told tales 
when her temper was arouMd. This sear 
was from a wound given by young Steer- 
forth, who struck her on the lip when a 
boy.— C. Dickens, David CopmeriM 

Darwin's Misaiiijg lAhk^ tiie 
link between the monkey and man. 
According to Darwin, the present host 
of animaflife began from a few demental 
forms, which developed, and by natural 
selection propagatea certain ^rpea of 
animals, while others less suited to the 
battle of life died out. Thus, beginning 
with the larv» of a^cidians (a marine 
mollusc), we get by devdopment to fish 
lowly organized (as' the lancelct), thence 
to ganoids and other fish, then to amphi- 
bians. From amphibians we get to birds 
and reptiles, and thence to mammals, 
among which comes the monkey, between 
which and man is a Miasmo Likk. 

Dashall (The Hon, Tom), cousin ef 
Tally-ho. The rambles and adventursa 
of these two bUdes are related by PiafM 
Egan (1821-1822). 

D'ABomar (ComU), an old Nestoi; 
who fanded nothing was so good as when 
he was a young man. 

**A1mI I •■• no HMO oewadai* •oBpmMi I» flMW 
I kMw iMralolbfv ; and tha iamwmmmU ara Ml ye^ 
lanMd wttb hair th* BUCBiSoHMi M whai I WMftfMBg 

BMB. . . ." Sidm MOM Sm MBCfeM HTfad aSk M 

u>iMW<l. ■'!■ w^nm te paaflhM wm% ■■* lapi 
thaaUiW— H>wwt|—I— li s i n i lU g 




«M Itea m*.' mU hta oamMnlan. tti 
■MdbM i«( i^an't ttiD* imut n*r« ba«a 

l^au^gbter (T'Ai')^ a d»mA by S. 
Kiiowle* (1886). Miiriiui^ '* dAUj^hter" 
ai RoXi«rty nirtcf » wr«ck«r^ wu bctrotbed 
to Edward, « Milnr, wh^t went on hts last 
voy&fTt, »Dtl intctidc<l tJien to mitny ber. 
Danng hii Ab«eDc« • iU>rtn mi »e» Aro0«, 
A body waa washed a«horc, and Uobert 
went dowTj to pJdfider it. Marian w^dI 
to look for lier faLlier and |irt!vent hi* 
fr^Uhing those washed aihore by the 
wavca, wh(^n sbo saw in the doak aonte 
one »tab a wrecked bod;ir. It waa Black 
Noni% but fihe tboughl it wat bcr fathcf. 
fiobcri being Uken up^ MariAa gave 
wltatM «4;ainst him^ and be iru coo- 
deroned to death* Konii laid be would 
•avc her father if she would miiny him, 
and to this ibe con««nted ; but on Uie 
wedding day E^Sward returned. Norria 
wej laien yp for murder^ and MAiiAO 
waa eaved* 

Daughter ^th Hor Murdered 
Father's Head, Mftr>:iret Kop«r. 
dttuijhter of sir 'nit>mfta More^ obt«ined 
i»ri lately the hc»j! of Kf>r father^ which 
nad been expo*rd f' r ^ sue davi on 
Tendon Bridge, mi ' 't in St, 

Diin9t*n*i Hbtui^h, (ir.35)- 

Tennyson alludea Ut uii^ li. i^.,: Ciiliuwing 

The head of Ch« yoang Mrt of Derweot- 
Wftter waa exttoeed on Temple Bar ia 
171 flu Hit wife drove in a «:art under 

the arch, and 
poac, thrvw ti 

- r the pitt- 
ed mto 
y buried. 

ail, daui'hter of the 
niKiJitrd oa fthjiring 
the *' Uei|rn of 
^ng him to tlie 


Ti'i ' 

Dauphin (le Orami), Louie due de 

B<>tr-: ^n • ..ra of U.ui« XIV., 

for liaked the Delpkitu 


AnmAm \ U l^eUt)^ ion of the **Gi«Dd 


Daura. daughter of Amin. She 
v*i betrotned to Anna/, eon of Annarl, 
Kmth a rival lever t> - ' n rejected 
tgr her* One day. * au tdd 

gM7-beMd, Kimth i iluU hn 

«ai eret I* eooditet. hrt u> Aroiart who 

was waiting for her. Without the 
ali^hte^t miiipioionf ihe followed her 
gnidc, who took her to a ro^k in tlie 
midst of the Mta, and tbere left her. 
Her brother Arindal, retomlnir from the 
ebaae, aaw Erath on the uiore, and 
bound him to an oak ; then pushing or! 
the b«>at, went to fetch back his swter. 
At thi» eriile AnnAr came op, and dis- 
charged hia arrow at Ereth | but tlia 
arrow etruck Arindal, and killed him 
^'The boat broke in twain," and Annar 
plunged into the lea to reeciie hb be- 
trothed \ but a " »udden bbwt from the 
hills struck him, and he tank to Hie no 
more.^' Daura was reeeti«d bv ber father, 
bat ihe haunted the shore all night In a 
drenching rain. Next dav **har vnire 
grew verv feeble: it died away: and, ■ 
fpent with grief, she expired." — Oaaian, H 

Davenant (/-oni). a bigamist. One 
wife was Marianne Dormer, whom he 
foraook in three months. It waa giveii 
out that he was dead, and Maruuifie 
in time married lord Davenant'i ton. 
Ilia other wife waa lx»uiaa Traven, who 
was engaged to captAia Dormer, fnit 
was told that the captain waa frti 
and har) married another. Wl- 
vitbiinvof hit lordship could Iteoc i ,,p, .. 
concealed* he destroyed himaolf* 

lAMku /^tefkin^, one of th« two wives 
of lord DavetuuiL She wae *'a faulU<?M 
wifn/* wtth beauty to attraot affectiun, 
and every wnmanly gracr , 

Chnrlen /hv^nant.n 
nan t> who married Mn i« 

fathor'e wife. — CumUK«i.», -,.* .w\,»» 
terwua Uutband (17^}« 

Dawnmt ( W^^'^ " - 
ant frtjm Blialu 
friend,— 8if W. 
the ComnDoowealth). 

David, in Drydeo^i tttire of A*fffti^ 
amd A' httnpMt it meanl for 
As l>Avi'l a beloved son Ab» • ! 

n.'iiii. f liiij.. <»o tht ilulu' .■ 1 

to Charica II. As t 

Achitophelf #0 Hyde (t - f) 

outwitt«d tht eari of ;^h^t«Abury« ^te*« 

1W fWiig una'* fliNiW W4 lbs ^ aVi^AH 

..A Jl..^.,.. 


•on of Owent by hi» aecood irife. Owen 
Aied in 1169. D&vid married Emma 
FlMBtrngeoct, a Suloq pnncesi. He fttew 
Ml bmthej' Hoel and his bmlf^brEitb^ 
Yorwcrth (wa of Owtn by his first wife), 
wlio had btcD Kt aside fruts tha aucce^ 
inm in eonHqnexice of a blemish vo. Uie 
fiio«, tif alao imprisoacd hiB brotlicir 
RcHiJri, and drove othcn into eule. 
Maduc, one of bia brotherm, went to 
Amen», and est^bli^bed there a WeJab 
coluny^^^-Soutliej} Madoc (1405)* 

/AitkI (5?.), »on of XiiDtus priace of 
Ceretico iC^niiijiin^hire) and the nun Ifa^ 
letria, lie wa£ the uncle of kint; Arthiu-, 
8t. Da^d fifit ertibrnt'ed the aaeetic life 
in tilt kie of Wii^htj but subiiei^uently 
ranored to Menevia^ in PembrokcEbire, 
where he founded twelve conveati. In 
fi77 the afchbtabftp of Caeileon retigned 
fill see to him, Knd St D^rld removed 
the Hat of it to Menevib^ which wtm aub- 
•ecjaentjy eall^ Si. David'a, and becamt 
the metropolis of Wale*, He died at the 
•ufc of 14H, in the yflaf Ut. The wnteni 
of l^Ath '* ovre their wamith and EaJnt^ry 
qujLliaet to the benediction of thia laanL 
I>ni 1-ton wya be lived In the valley of 
Ewiu (2 s^L)^ b«twcea tiie hilli of 
llatteiill, in MoDmoulh^hire. 

Uf«% Jji »» «if*4 «U "itil nwi* wwt (it < 
Im vtikli D^ [» LhJi 4jv i^v *■"> ' 
TWtf KTCTBCril Brilljth tmhA. tn > 

St. />atwri Day^ March h The teek 
worn by Welitlitnea on thi« day is m 
nemoiy of a complete victoiy obtained 
bv them over the baxoni (March I^ 640). 
lltia Tictoiy it aicdbed ** to the pray en 
of St. Davidp" 4nd hi* judicious adu^ttjon 
df « leek in the oip^ that tlie Untons 
migbt readily recop^ise each i^thcT. The 
^axona^ having no ha,d^t not unlre- 
qnendy iiimed theii sworda ng&imt their 
owa inpirarteii. 

I>a?id aad Jon&tlian, inseimrmble 
frienda. The ailusion \m to David the 
pBalmist and JonAthaa the ion of Saul* 
l>avid'3 InjauenUlioD at the death of 
Jooatban wu nev^rr iurpaaoed in pathoa 
and beauty*— 2 Samfigl I, lS-27* 

Davi« Debet, debt 

a (^ Hill I, Jfaffiwfii r«l#aJ, im. }4^Xfm. 

Da^a of Stenhoti&e, a friend of 
Bobbie Elliott— Sir W. Scott, Tkt Bhek 
BmMrf (time} Annej^ 


Da^iea (/o^n), an old fiahennn 
employed by Joahua Cedde* the *^ttftk«r* 
—Sir W. Seott, Redgvmdkt (tim^, 
Geori^e IlL). 

Da^TUSi a ptam, rnicootli Benntor: 
a common name for a alave in Grtek ua 
Homan phiyt^ as in the AndHa ol 

Hb bei Bud« of bnii, Hki ■ via la Kp«i^ 

Uta pMtntlki Dnm vtea Thihi JaiiiMM ^ 

jriiiintff, It. (USTk 
iki?ti« 310% iKM eE^ifi|mi. I am A 
homely roan, and do not i3nder«t«:Qd 
hints, Innuendoes, and riddkt, like CEdi- 
poA. CEdtpua wm the llicbiui who 
expoimded the riddle of the Sphtnii, th^ 
potted all hia couatrymea, Davw wai 
the stock name of a servant or sUve to 
Latin comedies. The proverb is used bj 
Terence, Andrla, 1, % n, 

Davy, the varlet of iostice Shftllov, 
who so identi^ea himself with his master 
that he constders himneli half host half 
varlei, ThtiB when he seats Bardolpli 
and Pa^e at table, he tells them thc^ 
must take "his'* good will for their 
assurance of welcome. — Shakespeare, % 

Daw (Sir Zbr«^j a rich, dnnder- 
heiided baronet uf Monmcuthahire^ with- 
out wit, words, or wottb, but beiioving 
himself inmcbudy, and fancyinif himsdl 
a sJiarp fellow, becauw bit servants Laugh 
at bis good sayinKu, mnd his mother callr 
him a wa^. Sir David pays hitt suit U> 
Mist [Lmily] Tompett; Wtas tbi^ aJlev 
tloui of tie young lady *re fixed oq 
Henry Woodville, tbe baron goes to the 
wall.— CiimberlAndj JA* Whett of Fof^ 
iunt il77^% 

Daw^d, " the one-eyed " 
chief.— Sir \\\ bcotX, Tht iktrtfikad 
(time, Henry 11.). 

Dawkine (•/tn^A), known by Ibt 
Bobririuet of the "Artful Dodg^er.'^ He 
is one of Fagin's toidt. Jack Dawkins ii 
a yonn^ scamp of nn mitigated villain j, 
aod full of artiticeat but of a che^, 
buoyant temper,—^, Dickens^ OUi^&r 
JWij£, Till. (l4Mf7). 

Dawson {Buitg)^ a London sharper, 
bully, &Qd debauchee of the seventeenth 
eenturj,— bee Sptctaiotj No. 2. 

Ifavson (/(fmiwy). Captain James l>ww» 
son was one of the eight offtcfrr.i b«loa«i 
in^ to the Ma n ch fl stor volunteeia i& lil 




atfrktt of Ch«rla9 lCdi«»i^d^ tht young 
preUaider. II <t wjui m. very iimUbie 
young lOJiii, enfpigtKJ ta » yotmg lady of 
Iwnily ftfid fortiin*, who wptit io her 
«iimftgc U> witn<--*« hl'^ f>>r-. iitl.Ti for 

embowelled, u tb« 

Dre^ ah? excl i '■> 1'uwj.on J " 

ftnd expirc<i. hfUK made Uiis 

llie lubjijct of : iJlad. 

f«m§ tenon ni • tpillMit frvth. 

A bfMiiBi n * n t met Um |hkIm ; 

JUid WW im l0««d oiM d!iiiniit«Mt maid. 

Ikivmrn (f'hctbe), '^ tlie pride of Um- 
in«« Fair,** courted bv &U tbc imart««t 
ynung men uf th« vi'lU;^^, VmjI e^i light 
**by th« Bimrkling •yt^s ' ^(ut 

wordf of » Uilor. PbcVli ma 

child htiton roamiigo, ai]<J i-i^ 

b« tufiiisd a ** cAptiou* tymnt aiiii * imi^y 
pot*^ Poof Pliocb© droopNfd, **pinrh<vl 
were ber look*, r> one who pi nod for 
brvuul/* and Ln want and iieaooia ihe 
•ank ioto u» varW tomb, 

'['hi* iketrh i» <nie of th« b«8t in Cnbbe'i 

T 1 .^*le boQ'^eked 

TM5C4 bi» wife 

"justkc/* full 
riij^, <ind loud. 



fr, . 


n which t,ht« farc« in 
tnt - ^- '^^'^ ^'t' h^m-maid 

in '<•»«, and 

«. In bor 

ajuiitcd ftUt*: 'I*!'*- :iri.-.!.^U'?J t'lj t^in^ ad* 
dfvaMMl ai ** Vour honour ** or ** Your 

ncmn n Hi* ter»* 

» dimW I hi 4ntnc 

Attfi fMu. A txiritfUilcAl pn2* wlio OM 
di ^* Thb 

i< u r«a to the 

Cbmmift Htm, ea 

""Olltdi^., — -_. aju Uie 

Pt^ (AmAonf), tlie abirotoe from 
^ciaaQiaraui nm 

nnkf M UM c«itfll«L'- 

iieot ol 

Sir W. Scott, fbtf- Jfditf of Perth (tia^ 
Henry IV,). 

Day of tho Barricadeo. May 12, 

158M, when Henri de GuiAo fftumc^ to 
T*iiris in detiaoce of the kintf't order. 
The kin^ lent for his Swus j^uArdt^ and 
the Fanaianjy tore up the pai'cnicnU. 
threw chftina acrona the airoetii, and piled 
u(} barrvla flilkd with eartli and sloiHsa, 
i.,.jMn,i whi, h th.v -hot down the Swim 
utreetA. The king 
1 »s end ir» the con- 

Another J<^^ 
AufniAt ^•'i lliK 
the Fronde war^ 

Aoother wai Jtin« S7. tAttO. tbe ftait 

day of the (frafkd *-^»r • - -I'-h drovt 
CharkA X, fniui the i 

Anotiier waa Kebru ; . % wh'^ 

Affns archbiabop of i'lirta^ xv** «hoi in 
bia attempt ta quell the tnaurreetton. 

Anotber wa^f Dcoi^mltr A 185ti Dm 
day of 

for rO^alCKiiU'i] lu uiii |>n.'iiiuriii:jr' fOT^ ttU 


Day of the OornBcuikA [Jomn^ 
de9 Frir\firi\t Jaauarv U, \h\n^ when aome 
of th** f^ortifflUTi^ '^f ifenn 1V*» diafruiaed 
aa f) i' 1 ttoeaeattoii of 

Uie i I *'»ria). with 

Ui« V "lirea BBkiiteft 

of t))« Lily, lu till a tbey failed. 

Day of the Dupes, NoTcoDber 11, 
1630. The dupcfl were Marie de Medieil, 
Anno of Auatriai and Goatoti due d^Oiv 
li'aiu, who were outwitted b^ cardloal 
Hididicti. The plottcra bad Itiduoaiil 
L(»ui8 XIIL to di.^niT>^ h\* oUnoxittOt 
minieterf whereupon wil went 

at once to resign the > « ^ iha 

king rmntod, re-«etA^ nrdmal, 

a&d be beeami iiior« pow«^r(ui Uian erer* 

Days Becarrent in the I^iTOO 
of Oreat Men. 
Bkckkt* Tuesday waa Backn'e day* 

He wa« bom oo a'T 
Tuesday wa« aaaaK 
baptjjced on a Taev'J > 
fnxn NorthatDptoQ on 
drew to France on 

f (Uxiii\ r>l 

hi a irieiuu 
returoad t 
body wa/ < 
ibritie ot^ 
(A^>ril US. 
crated tii^ 
Tliooiaa k bcckct. 

-'■■- -' ' ^1 a 



ft lu'^dfl)^ wali- 

a Tui^ilny^ bad 

ill on ci 1 tn'»*tav. 





GMOilWKi,t.'Ei dmj wui September H. 
Ob September 9, IH50, he von tJbt battle 
«f DuatM-Ti <m Septetttber By KiAl, he 
wtm tli« Mtk of Woreetter ; cm Sebicm- 

Harold ■ dajr wm October 14, tt w&s 
lui birtbdftv, uii] «l»o the dA]f of hii 
deftt!u Wiiiimm the Conqiierar wai bom 
OB the Mme d*v, and, on Ck-tober 14k l^^i 
won Eagkod by conqoeot. 

NArouBOW'ft day wu A^Kttrt 15, hit 
Urthd»yj but hla " liicky^' day, Uke 
that of bi» nephew, Nmpoleon III., was 
the fad of the momCh. He w«s la&de 
e(mf«l for life on August S, ISChf; whs 
cn^iroed Deeeinbeir 2, 1«04* won bU 
gitHteit bitlle, thai of Aii«t«rlit£, for 
whkb he obUfOHl the title of ^* Gtt^U** 
Deeembc^ % ]6<)5; mi^rried the arch-^ 
dncheM et Austria April % 1810 ; fi«, 

KAPaLBOM III. The eoiip <f^lal wmA 
DvcemberfT 1^1> Louia KApoleoo vii 
Bwde emperor December % 1^3; he 
openedf It SiiarbrUekj the Fnuico-Gennftn 
wmf Aognst t^, 1870 * and lurrendered his 
rtroTd to WUUwa of Pftjiti*, Septembei 2, 

l>«X2l^ in Zomkm AMmramse, bj 
D. Boodouilt, 

Be BonrgO (Wi^utm), brother of the 
call of tauter and commander of the 
EokBA forcei that defeated Fdio) 
O'Coimor (1315) at Athimree, in Con- 

QiHitlgn, tfcmum^t caoi, 

Da CouJrey. io a zomance called 
WomefL, by ^e Kev, C. B, Mattirin. An 
Inahman, made np ^ eontradktionJ and 
impn>babiHtie«, He it in love with 
Zaija» a brinimnt ItALian, and aifo with 
her aaknown daughter, called Eva Went^ 
worth, a model of puhtj. Huth women 
are blighted by Mi iQConet^ncy. E^a 
dies, but Zaira Uvea to lee Eke Coturey 
periib of lemorae (Hf22>, 

D6 Q^rdL^ a noble, elald sentlemanr 
mtrifly lighted fmto hm ttmvtl$ ; brother 
of Oria'na, who ''chaaei'* Ui'iabel "the 
wild gooee,'* and oit^heiihtni. — beaomont 
•nd Fletcher, The WUd-*jt»m CAow (liiS£>. 

]>e Zt^poe(Abh^. Seeii^ a deaf and 

dumb l«d a(»oduned la the Atreeta of 

Fari», he Teaeutw htm, and brin^ him op 

■Bd«t Ibe aacie ol Thiodoii. The found- 


Ijng tumi out to be Jnlio eoimt of 1 


**Iii par aplBlM, vte ta f^ tfmimi mmtm ^ii 

tr Ai«mbwv wTNitH* [mmM^ w ItaAia { WU ^ 
Tk>u L««ihf 1 pvwit Vdiyni MiiliMitoMt pli^ ^ 
nsamtm ; btti <!«>]«« »4d UnwiitT erf ml tor Urn 

Ttidm. m^ b\m I tan ^ hm mml p«M <f tosH 

Do Pifoftaaii roM* of tht 

depthM « . ."), the fint two word* ol 
Ptttlm cxxz. in the Homao Catbotle 
litargyf lung when the de«d ate eom- 
nutleid to the gnave, 

1b« iii rr^MMi* nomt tbt air. 

Be Tftlmont (CSntnlK f^t^cr of 
Florian and unele of Geraldine. Dniiog 
hu abeeoce in the warB^ he Left hit kini- 
mao, the baron Longueville, guaidlan of 
hb c&iftle X but under the biiji« of coming 
into the pm jwrtr* the baron K?t flro to tho 
eaatle, intendiacr thereby to kill the wif« 
and bar infmit ooy, ^flien De Valmonl 
retumecl and kaew hie losiet^ ho became 
awa^ard recLaset auemlout, deapondenti 
frnntic at ttnied, ana at timea moit melaa- 
cholir. Headoptwj *n itifant *^ found in i 
fsirestr" whn turned out tci be hb »otj> Uia 
wife waff uki mutely found, and the Til- 
lain y of Louise vilk waa brought to light. 
— \\\ Dimood, Th^FomdUngo/tke ForeH. 

ir '■ Di VflBMib •" I likt* «ltiH«M li) ejb4bw 

]>«af and Dumb {The), a eoiDed> 
by Tbfimnji Hokroft. ^'The deaf and 
dumb " bnr ia «7ulJo eouat &f Harancotu', 
a ward of ll, Darlemont, who, In ord«r to 
get poaaeasion of hia ward'a properN', 
ab&ndona him when yeiy joaQg la tloA 
atreets of Parif. Here he ii reaened bf 
the abb^ De TEpt^ who brings him up 
under the name of Theodore. The boy 
beini* re^^OKnized by faia old otirae asd 
others, Dmrlcmont coufcsie* hb crime, 
and Jntio is restored to bin rank and 
inheritance.— Th. Hokroft^ The Dmf md 

Bean of St F&triok {7^\ J&tm- 
than Swift, who waa appointed In tbi 
deanery in ITU, and retAiaed it tiU bk 

death (ie«T-1745). 

Beana {D<»»c& Ihme}^ the eowbcid 
at Edinburgh, noted for hie religiooi, 
jieeuUaritiea, hb maf^nanlmity In aSw* 
tioii, and hii eoeeotricilie*^ 

JliMiresM Rtbtam Ikantf Donee DaTi«*« 
•ecttnd wife* 

j0am^ Boon*, danghter of Donee Datw 
D«i^ bry Ml fint wife. Shtt 





irj I 

•f 1 

vt«ruui mlnintcf. 
ut good Attnse, 

ition, ftod di»- 

Ucr jouiTiflV from Ed in' 

i'^ Ts a» mterc«thig wt tJbM 

s;tj«rU lo Jdotcavr, or 

I>oul« r>*vib l>ci*a», by hb »«<;(»nd wift. 
8ac i* betrayed by Ueor^o [iift«r- 

Gtorditt 7?cjAcrfjt/«), And iaipriiioned fof 
e1ii!d murder. Trjinte ;rm»« u> Lhe queen 
•tid wut"* for J i h is vouchaftfed 

to bffj and ' ea whut be can 

to repair the : :o hoa done by 

mtrrymg Eflie, who Lfau* becomca ladj 
SUianUm. Sooc «ft«r this »ir Gfiorpt i» 
tbiit by A fTUi^v tx v«» to be 

hii own ton, Mtd Etl i convent 

Ml the ContSftcPt, ^ ^ r , Hmrt of 

Mf' II.). 

f>ktur« of Kffi6 

Dcibi.. I. r . , , ..^. . . , . ; .t.or^« StJIUTitoii, 

•#* The prwtoiyiie of Jv^nic Deftnn 
w«i Htlen Walker, to »>«>.♦« mcmrtf)' 
ftir W. S^'iolt erected a toiiib»t<:>nc in 
Iron^ffAy (.Ijurchyard (Kirktntlbright). 

B -' '* "^ "^ -vsonculU 

sir tin? Ked 

L<i: r Lione») 

f'Aptivc ;u (!^u:»Li4L rVnlou.t. 'Ilie name 

«i9t#Tit wtUi m I>«r»1r llritiah tale, and of 
i^infM doen not njuwiir in th*' orijf^inAl 
•tory, — lennvKHv. hitjiU (*'l*arfih a.nd 
Lynette *') ; tit T. iUWify, Ihttorjf of 

I><MLt^ (r^ ' ^^ ' -r of 

the Irti«h, Je;i llfd 

bocjtutte it U ) tn 

po1itk«4 und rtiui'st ctrtjuu ^.hvsiciil 
denth* To \^ ** Uid on the iliclf*^ii to 

D iTh fh>m Strj 


kiii^a ITv nil full (,r « 



lUxM'n <0^ /.r«Ym<M«) di*d 
ptick of » fine r--^ ^i- »• ^"- *'^' 

fmm the 

„^ net 

FAarra, the Roman prstor^ wu choked 
by a ain^Ie jj^oat-bair in the milk which 
he wa« dnnkiag.— Pliny, IIUL rii. 7. 

FftictkKKicit LxwtAi prince of Wal««, 
died fmnt tlie blow of a criekct-boll* 

III 1 of Lhimt in the hAnreMt- 

ftd^J ri observance of the rul« 

of >! I ,1 he refused to drink * 

drop of Ai)vihin($. 

LotJis VL met with hit death from a 
pig runninir under hit horaa, and eauaini; 
It to tiLumtile. 

BrlAHtaTTTK died of Uu^ht^^r fm M«Sng m 
monkey iijiog to puU ' H ie bouta. 

PiifLOM'K?(in (4 jiv lAUghter 

at Refill i." an A^n tatJii mNiiled 

for ^ iiA. 

I^ nd 

whiit . ► . '- ai jwiyui^ » i»iu. — i^aca- 

berry t,,r , Li.r, 

gi I >i I sr FT, a Koiman phyiiciAQ of 
Mont^Hiiliert died from the tLliifht wouad 
marie in bia hand in the extraction of a 

^AiTi'KruMf^S/yunW) waa choked tnpptOig 
up tbe albttmet) of a *olt-Utilcd eiq^* 

^KUXtA, the painter, died of Lniiglitir 
at ■i|{Ul uf a kai; whiub h« had juat 

BoAth Proof of OuUt ^Tiea 
eonibata and ordeal* were appealed bo 
in proof of f:\n\U in the belief that " God 
would defend the right," the dcaUi of tb« 
coQiliatant waa his sentence uf g^utlt alto. 

TkA* hmtm Ul»t tndlor tr»m mn *ltfbt, 

aiiittl^MHi 1 i/rmr^ I'/, wil It «. t iMMt 

X>eatb Hide {The), the charfce of 
t!te Li^hC llrigadf at Balaklava, Octobef 
26, IHM, In tbi» action tXK) Kii(*liaU 
horvenien, under the comnmnd of the earl 

of r- ^ --- ^ - ^' - 

force i>f 


of in* 

fall! ■ 

-h tho 







cot 1 

' ho 



f«turTi<.i. 1 rii 


rr»utt of »*n\u' 


onler from U'.- 


lennn»f»n haa a |M>eio U' 


9)ti\tfi Tkw ChAnj€ itf f Ar Li 

-•-*.«. ,v*t» 

'rpnOiMk - 

DobAt&ble Zjfuid (7%r), 

a Iraol qt 

land t>etwicn the Eak and the Sark. It 

vmviiik [iroi«kf)y to belong to Heotlaod, b«l 

Ita^iai tM«D ctaia.*! b> bolfa < 








i^led T%t Ikiiatmbk LmiL Sir Rieluiid 
GnhsiD bcrajfht of Jamei L ot En^LEod & 
louHi of thb tnict, i.nd got it uaited to 
tbe cociiity of Cumtjerl^d, Ai J«me4 
ruled orcr botb kingdom i, ha was 
pnpniDeJj mdifieimt to whioh the plot 
WM uinexedU 

lyeh'on^ one of the compwslOTj of 
Brute. Accoidin^ to Britkb f abl*, Ikvoo- 
^tre is ft c4rraptioa of " DcbonVihure," 
m tha thftre of country owignedl to Debon* 

DeboraJi I>el>bitcli^ govemwit* «! 
lady Pe^'erirft.— Sir W. 8cott, PePcrM of 
ihe Ffok (time, CUrle* IL)* 

D^adl, pin. dcdadiSj tli« boUdaj 
«r«rr tetitb dftji in Rybstitutiou of the 
SandAy at ftfttib*tlL, is tb« flivt FneDch 

I In Oif 
U lill fea 

Si(SriptoreB» • collection 

ol toi and«nt dironiiclei on Ea^ltBh 
hislcirj, edited by Twywien mnd John 
3dd«n, llie ti*mei ol the chmniden 
ftre H'imeon of Durhftnii John of HejtItAinY 
Eicbftrd of Hexhuiii Ailrad of Rlevftl, 
Balpta de Ihceto, Jofea Brompton of 
Joml, Genriwe of CftiitcTburv, Tbomft* 
Stubbt, ^Villiam Thom of CWt«rbary, 
*jjd tl€iwy Kaightott of Lpcic^ater. 

De'ctus, friend of Antin'oui (4 a\flX 
— Ikftmnont uid Fletcher, La^i of Camy 

Deereo of J^ontainableau, u 

ediet of Nftpoleon L, orderiti^lhc d^^Jtmc- 
ticiEi by fire of aU Enj^liah gi^odi (d»t£d 
October 18, 1810, fifon* Fontaineblean]. 

Dso^Uinan Gate, one of tlie four 
gflifs in H Ftuumn c&mp. It woa tJie gate 
ojjpofit-C! the pra;tc>nAaf mad I^mth^st from 
the enemy. Cftlled tAtnnnan became the 
ttnth^ legion wu always pouted nesr it. 
The other two gfttei (the porta ^incipdiiM 
de^tr^ and the porta ptinGijidit$ smtsira) 
were on the other Bttica of the eqnure. If 
ibe pra^iifTMin tjatt wfis At the top i^l thii 
pLgCf the decuman gate wuuld be &t the 
DottomiT the pyrffl d!f ji^ra oo the light 
huid, ft^nd the poHa niujCni on the left. 

Dedlock (^> LekviUr)^ barL^ who 
fafti * geaeml opinion th*t the world 
mij^ht prt on without bills, but would 
be ^*totAlW done up" without ] Clucks. 
He loree udy Dedlock* uid believes la 
her implidtlyr iiir Leleetter ii honour- 
able ftnd truthful, but intensely preju- 
diced, imnniovably ubfltinat^, tmd proud 
■■< '* oovaty ** GUI make a man ■, but hii 

pTide haa a moat drudfn! f«U when Hm 
guilt of Udy Dedlock become* known. 

Ztic/y IkdUjckf wife of iir Leicester, 
beautiful I cold, and a[!parent]y he&nJeat | 
but ahe la weight down with thi» terribl* 
»ec»t, that before m«iTiAge she had had 
A dftuj^hter by captnin llawdon, Tbii 
datiL'^hter'fl name ii E»thef [Snmnacfion] 
the heroine of the novd. 

yd'amnia Dediockf eoaam of til 
Leiceatef, A •* young ' lady of iO, 
givtm bo Ton^ pearl -^wder, and oo«- 
metice. She oaa a habit of pfyinyt; ifil0 
the concenii of othera, — CL Dickefit* 
Bkak /fm.1^ (iBAiJ). 

I>eG's Sp^'uiuillt A mirror, whicti 
Dr. John Dee araeked waa brought 
to him by the angelA Raphael «nd 
Gabriel. At tlie dtM^ of the doctor il 
pftjis^ed into the poAaesaion of the earl ol 
reterboroii{;jht at Drayton ; then to lady 
Betty G<?niiajne, by "whom it waa giYen 
to John liAt duke of Argyll. The duke'i 
grandeon (lord Frederic Campbell) giiv« 
It lo Honce Walpole ; md m 1{M2 it was 
■oid, at the diBp^rBJoo of the curtoaidea 
of Stnwberry Hill, and bou{;ht by If r* 
Smv'tbe H^ott< At the aale of Mr. 
Pigott's library, in IBh^^ it pn*ied into 
the pniBeseion of the late lord Londta^ 
borou|>rh, A writer in Notes and Quema 
(p. 876, NoTembcrT, 1374) wvft, it"h*> 
now bei<n for many yeara in ^e Britiah 
Ifuaeum/' where he iaw it "iome 
eif^bte^jri years a^*" 

Thij magic ■pectJum ia a flat poitthtd 
mmfrai^ iike cannei coal^ ij a drcuUr 
form, fitted with & baadle. 

DeerslaFer ( T^j*), tbe title of a dotaI 
hf J. F. Co4jiper, And the nickname of itA 
hero. Natty or Nothanicl Buinppo. He 
is A model unciviliisd roan, hoDourAble, 
truthful I and bravoj pure of he Art nnd 
without reproach. Be is iutrodnccd in 
fire of Cowpor'g novel* : JAi? Iht^rMin^tr^ 
Thr Pfttl^HiUr, Th* hawtufthe Muhietttu, 
n* J*itiur*r*, and The Praine. He Ii 
called *■ Ilftwk eye '* in Thw LaMi u/ tJtm 
MuhictiH*; '' Leather -it ockiog" in Tie 
AWe^r*,- and **The TrApper" in 71* 
Prairie, in which lai^t book be diei* 

Dfifargt) (J/oflj.), keeper of a wine 
shop in the Faubourge iSt. Antotne, in 
Parii- He is A buU-oeckcd, go<^- 
humoured, bnt imptseaUe- look lag matt. 

Jitde, Pefanje^hm wife, a dimgeroui 
woman, with ifTCftt foK« at chMcteri 
everlastingly kiiittiog* 

hA iwi^ T^mmm 



Defender of the Palth, tLc title 
ftnrt pivcn trt Honry V!II. by fK>j»o Leo 
Xm fur » %'nhitiie fi;:;mi}st Ltitbcr, in 
d(Tmc« cf pnitlimn, tTic [yi| ri. y, And tht 
■rren B»cmm«Mit*, i il vnlmne 

if in the VAticnn, nn*! thia 

inscrijitioa in the '....•^.- ., uiwritin>; : 
Am)/toruin rvx IhnricuM^ Lct:»H* X* mttUt 
Aoeo^ms etfrLfi t^yirfn ''t rjint'-ffrff; whcrc- 
opr- ' t'lir of his 

re- 1. btiU, the 

till' innuioded 

All ChhaLijui» Ml U) »tklM:a« him. The 
orif^n&l Imll wm» pro«cnrtd by wr tlabcrt 
Cottdiii am) h - ' ' " "~ ' fuiir 
Mthop^ardin »!«, 

c<'l acals iinrl m^- 

rn clden*t Til^f o/ 

DoifozisiBtaa, rivToiiithire. 

Delbe writ** Th^ /' -- ' the 
PUkfitt &f torvion A« if '\ ft 

penK]f>«l •{i«cUt«r^ but Ik; uree 

iwnold lit thf time (1003-1 rjt). 

Degg^al, ejiliohrist. Tbe MobAm> 
raedfto writers «y be hiw tmt «fie eye and 
on^ eyrtfpw, and tm bi» forehead ij 
written CAtKR ('*itifidei "), 

Ohlltart villi tmrat, mi imidlaABll rtMl tk* ftfrinl, WVIk 

Degree. ** Fine hy degrees and beau- 
tifoUv le»i.**— Prior. 

r * ' :i^ South Walet,— Speii- 
ter fi, iii. 2 (1590), 

I>cLLiiLi, KQ ancient Irith aitor^ 
•im^lar to the Ditr-Thttia of OMiacu 
Conor, king of UlfUr^ puts to de«th by 
UtMth^rf the Uirce »ons of Uanacfa. 
Thtf leiuli Ut the dtrtfolALiti^ trar against 
t')«UT. will, h I* ruiiuitleB m the total 
de Thia is one of the 

thi of the Irish^ which 

•rc^ rii IDC ueiaoi of the chUdren of 
Touran (re^rdinic Tuatha de Daaana) ; 
(2) tbe -Iriitb .>f fbe children of LeAf of 1 »n« by A"ife; (St) 

IJm i'dren of Uanacb (a 

•♦Ai„,, ...... ..-.,.,. 

Dei*ri (;l »v/J, sepafaled frara Ber- 
tvicm by Si^etnilt tiie tixth in descent from 
Woden. l>ejri atid Itemicia logeHier 
coaititiited Northiimbri*. 

» PW«IMU 4«i*ll «MMf qttW 

aai 4y la* VMlwr »Mt nf OttBfeirtMil « 

I>ek'«biiBt» a Dec<pmUfiit> from 
Maktr^ th« Riijataa for liecember. li 

denotes tho«e persona who imffered deftih 
or c.^; '- ■ •■ '-- *'- — ■ '* - k in tha 
mill o«t io 

St. I ^ ,onU.# 

aeeviiiun of oiar NidioLai lu the throne. 
Dola'da, the tJv>th til Hud 'I ha, pt^ 


• m 

i (CC, 

a friend 
^»«oit, Guy 

■erved in t 
The nativ. 

tained ih>^- . . 
iiAtivea sttbotitr* 

of Harry Bertrouu — ^u VV, 
Manncriiitj (time, George II.) 

Delectable Moirntaltu, % rwM 
of bills from tbe summits of which l£« 
CeJcstiat City could be teen. Thew 
Ddountjiini were b<!antifnl wit^ woiodSi 
rineyards, fruita of all aorta, floweni 
•l^ringa and fountains, etc 

Mov tbvra nr» m iIm loin ot fh«M nowitslM ib«v^ 

In llMn. Mkl Ibu ' .. . . ^ 

*• WlMfes adbttiMl 

lit>ni ilHiftaMi upoa ilwmt* ID* 

^km^ M Kit, Bod H« IaM «w* UklUk far 

II11I07IM. Hi^rU<* ^tVgTHH, L (ltr»]L 

Delia, Diana; so emiled from Uie 
island UeJos, where ahe was boni» 
Similarly, Apollo was called DtUm, 
Milton taji thai Eve, e'eo 


De^tta, any feniAle sweetheart. She it 

one of the ^h^ -^,-r.<....^^ j^ Virgil's 
Edojurf. Ti b 1 . I i an poet, ^Us 

hifl lady-love *' i what her real 

was is not ccrt.^in* 

Mia^ the lady-love of James Ham- 
mond'* elei^iea, was Miw DatbwnaJ^ wfio 
diet! in 1779. She rejected his suit, and 
died nnmarried. In one of the cKg-jes 
the f>oet ims^rines himself n r„ 

■ad that uiey were li' if 

toj?Hhor till death, when [k.....^ ...^.dt 
would tell of clii'ir wondrous U'ves. 

Delian Kins ( The}. Apollo or the 
mn is so jaUed io tJie c>rf>hk' by mo* 


AkaiatUm, Mfummtrnf^- 

DeUght of Mankind 
*iit Koniati emperor (*,d. 4u, 

l^faa hideai cm ant iborl r*frt»l«ii . 

Mm an^itof IMW «> I* Um mt^wk ii i^pfwit 
Of tliirM Md btmw "Thf lf>'^g • ^ itm * 

BellA Cnxfloa School, ericiad^ 







mpplied in l£8t |o a Mcietf in FlopeficCt 
wtibiiilwd to puril^ tli« n&dooiJ lui* 
n^i aad i^ from tt ft41 itt imtiurttici ; 
not App'^M in Englflnd to m brotheThcod 
of fok* (at the doM of Ih^ liiHt century) 
mmm fh« leuJerQlup of Mm. Piozzi 
Thit 0elio«] waa cosspkuona for ftffec- 
ti£i«ifi tad high -flown tKuegynf^A oti eftdi 
citlicr* U wu ptamped out by (iifFord, Iq 
fV Jbmod^ in J794f and T^i? Jf ^Fikid, in 

179S.I Bobtft H«irf^, who xtgoH bimBdf 
2MBi ^'UKa, Jaiuhi C^bb a fnrcv-writeri 

Boiweil (bio^apher of Dr. John* 
•cmL O'Keefe, Mortocij Esynolda, lloU 
ens% Bb«ridAf), Oolnuin the joiiiiger» 
If n, H. Cow Ivy, and Mn. Hobioionwen 
ItB i>«it ftxpoQen U* 

Dal'phme f 2 «^/. )f tbe hen>iii« amd title 
of ■ ADTcl br Side, de StoJ^L Drlphineit 
a charm ing chAmcter, who has a ^thleM 
loTer, und di#rii cf a broken heart ThU 
oovetf like Corinne^ was written during 
lief baniMiment from France b^ Napo- 
leon h, when iho travelled tn SwiUerlaud 
and Itnljr. II ii g^neimllj thoui^lit Ihal 
^* IMpbiDi ** WW ineftni for the authoieii 
li«ndl (1802). 

Belphine dossier (Thif), a pet of 
I^tin cTjwsici edited io France for the upe 
ef tht irrand dftuphin (oon of Lonii XIV. )» 
Hngt wut chief «ditori a^aiiited by Mon> 
UujLer and Bosauct. They bad thir^- 
nloe ■cbolan working- nnder thcnit The 
iadexfi* of th«M cJaatlca an very vala- 

D0lt» [A] of Bhekicood m D. M. 

Dervilia (2 4^J,)» ™* of the gnardimnj 
of Cecilia. He ui a man of wmlth and 
great optentation^ with a hau^'^hty hu- 
mility a^d eonde^cending pride, eijiocuHy 
ia hb iaterconrse witb hii Jwiai infetion. 
— Uiap Biuney, CetsUia (1782). 

Bemajada. In fitit o/ aii demandM, 

m hiM iortUhip «y*. lib "lotdihlp" ii 
Uw n:iarT)aii ftf BUndfr>Kl| and the 
ullDston iff to Jlilr* Lknaoni the jeweUert 
who pent in a daim to the martjub for 
hiemt Io a bill which bad run nior« than 
tvdiv montha. Hia lordship sent « 
dieqne for the bill itself ^ uud wsrute on it, 
** In full of all demand!." Mr. Denaon 
accepted th« biUf and eued for the 
iplejrest, but waa non-puited (1871), 

I>@me'Lia, Soutb Wnlea ; the inhabit- 
Aota af« called Denietianp, 


Bema^tTiuSi « young Atheman, tt 
whom EgiCni (^ a^^.) promiaed bk 
daughter Uermia tn marriaffc* Am 
Hermia loved Lyaander, ahe mtmd to 
many DetnetnuBi and fled from Athe^ 
with Ly Bonder. Demetriup went in qufert 
of beTt and wa« followed by liel^eoa, wbe 
doted on biin^ All four fell Mleep^ and 
** dreamed i dream " aboul Uie fatiiea. 
On wakings Demetriup became mof* 
reasonable. He i&w that Uermja dis- 
liked him, but timt HeleD« loved him 
sincerely, bo be conwmted to forego the 
one and take to wife tbe other, when 
Egfuflf the father of Uermia, found out 
bow the c*3e «tood, he consented to Ihm 
nnioit of hia daughter with Lvsander,^— 
Sbakespeaie, Mimmam' Night* ^rwam 

Ikm^irim, in Th§ Poetasttr, by B«a 
Jonion, ia meant for John Manton (died 

Ikme^trim (4 wl,), wm of kini Antig*- 
onap. In love with (klia, o/iot Enan'tb§. 
— Bf^nmoni and FletcbeTi Ths Bwfmxnmi 
lieutrmmt (1647). 

Ikmf'trmat a citizen of Greece dtuinif 
the reign of AJexina ComnenuB.— Sir Wl 
Scott, Ccfmi MfJbert of Pam (time. 

DemluTgixOt that mviteriont agent 
whicbf accord] Dg- to Plato, made tho 
world and all tbat tt contatna, Tha 
Lo^p or " Word *' of SL John*i Goapd 
(ch. i. 1) is the demiurgna of platonlung 

Demoo'rltoH (in tjitin Bemocr^m}^ 

the laughing or pcofRug pbiloaopher, the 
friar Bacon of hip a^e. To " nine with 
DemocrTto**' ii to ^o without dinner, the 
same aa ^' dinini^ with duke Ilum{ihrey," 
or ** dining with the croap^l^ggi^ 

rllm, bat l^ovi Itaej iiiv iMteU%*n. The* rv li n<rt oti* M 
lb* fkmtflmJ«T «!io N luH lr>leaiii> l« iUH «m4 tfeldft— 

Democritns Junior^ Robert Bur* 

Imif author of Tha Anaiomg ^ Mtiamckoljf 

Demod'ooos (in Latin Demiodotms^ 

bard of Akin'oua (4 ^t.) king of tha 


wuM V* irir*^ mJ«^ an ikA f^ 
Mm htitdf wirn Ui mtd/ttlam tmrna^t 

Mkiiw. rwaiiffi j[>iv«i«i (un% 

Dem^ogor^gon, ^yiwt i^ tine vhm 




«ad tefB, whoM very name iatpirvd t«r7f>r; 
ht.nct Hilton ipeaks of ** Uie dmd«d 

ItAItIC .-tf l)«I|lOgOT};rfiD " {Paf^tM JjOftt 

ii. Hfift), Spenser »»y* he *' dwells in the 
deep Bhym where U'le threit fftUl tiJiiers 
dwt|} " (/lifrtf Qwtm^ W. 2) t but Arit>«Ui 
Mjri Ike ttih*>bited ft •pleoditl fMiUce on 
the lliDmlnyii MounUmi. I>em^fi;ori;o» 
i* mentlomnl by Sutiui ti the Thebaidi 

Rim uw Am iMnnciM ^ ftiito rtwl^ with •»!»«• 
D^tnoph^oOn (4 #y/*} wm hrriuirbt 

11(1 by Uem^tcft wli 
•iitbroiiA and i 
iiiUi Ua« Are* 
uf ewnt*»ity, i^.u^. 
wjw borror-itfuck 
tttbl brr that iit!r 
rt)blt«vl ber ton ' 

•,• Thia »t. 
TkUrcb, fv / 

•♦• A 
Itb moll 
ftrer ' 

! hirti with 

ry tligbt 

her, out 
tfi^, end 
1 'eMitSter 
jty b#*l 

r 1tl«, — 


Demoe'thenea of the Fulpit. 
Dr. Tborou Benoell, dean nf ^cvt- 
minitcr, waa to eaUed by William PiU 

I>eiidin (i^^tcr), an old man^ who 
bad eeitJed mt^re dinptttes than all Uie 
magiatratea of PnitierVf Choufc^ he wm do 

i'udKe. Hif pUn wm to wait till the 
iU|;aQta were Ihoroutfhly akh of Uieir 
contcnUon^ and looMQ l6 «o4 their dta- 

JfUtrs : Uuri woold AC {nlGerf>*»Ri£. atid bit 
U<< i m»i fail t« ' le, 

> K aon of 11 iL, 

cruAb «^tuir7tLL» i i oniMC^uenDy, 

hi' Dr\ «'f i.u./'-. 'Hi;-* a kingle 

rl.^ - " f^^mt 

in hit remedy • lj), 

and LAfonlainc 

Denntft (/ id prwcant at 

the lift* f»f 8t sir W< ^oott, 

ImhAo* (time, kniiMru L/. 

S^^^Tlifi^ Uie batJ^'mnn, one of <he 

rfrt^'! ' ' ' '■ " *■■ " ■ ■ 

Btklge. Deunia wa« cLcirful ciiiuugL 
WMB bi *^ lumcd olf ** othrca^ but wh«o 

be himnelf aaoended the fdbbethe ahowod 
a niofrt groTelUofT and craven tpirib. — C. 
Dickenii, Bttrnahjf Brntj^ (IWl). 

fh'nn., iJohn}, ••the bt»t abufled man 

literature/* Swift lanifioaned 

A*<>A!l<il bini in UtK £»»ay on 

f_'/j ; ' " " ■ -1, .-»» ''datnned 

to everUsi i 'Htaciad, Ha 

ie call^l '' / oJ). 

Dennlaon (Jmni/)^ attendant on 
Miji» Edith Reltenden* 8be marriet 
Cuddte Hendrigg,— ^ir W, Scwtt, Old 
Mort^Miity (time, CbarJe* IL). 

Dent l0 Lut (rW), a i^rejtidict. 
AfUr M. iieralde haa been nitiniiii; divm 
Dr. Furgnn aa i h'""^"' \r^,», r^^iliea, 
**C'c8t que vou <% une 

dent de lait e^r re, Lt 

D*£on de Beaumont {Le olan»- 
' - % penon noiorioua for Uie ambiipui^ 
^^ iex ; Mid to be Ibe too of an 
Ate. Hii face was pretty, witboiit 
UnnU mcujtacbe, or whiakext* Louii 
XV. lent him as a woman to RomIb on a 
•ecrct mi**ion, atid he presented himaelf 
to the cxarina aa a woman (17&6). In 
the SeTcn Yvara' War be waa appointed 
eaptain of diagoona. In 1777 be asaumed 
tlie dreaa of a woman apitii, which he 
Dtatntained till deatii (I72d-ldl0). 

Derbend ( Tha Iran, GaUt o/), called 
the »'AllMuiica> Po^t*^," or tli*- "r^Njuim'i 
Gale." Iron gatr-i, whii e 

of Derbend* There i i^ 

m. It la iMud that 
rb«id «n the weat 

nKt t)t r and that Kho-^ru 
the Grmi Har^iin-ai-Uaa- 
chid often 'cre. Ita ancient 
name waa AlULf4Af and benoc the pro- 
vint>e Schirvan waa calleil Albnnin, 

*,* The ffatea called Atbania P^lm 
were n«»t the *^r4uipian't Gale," bill 
*' Trajan's Gate'' of '' Kopttla Perbend," 

Derby {Sitri <>/j» third ton of the earl 

rf !4irirRittcf, ana near kinanian of 

1 11, Ilia nome iraa IJenry 
I. and be died l3f^A Henry 

i >, .-< L, ear! "f Derby, was in'nt t« 

protect (juienne^ and w»j noted for hia 
Itmnanity no leas than for bis brarery, 
" 44)leatcd the cnmt* de TIjIc at 
• mc, ndnoad P«hgv^rd» took tht 
V of Anbcfoche, in bascony, over* 
Uifi^ 10,000 Freneb with only 1Q00| 
f ^ki M? priiiMHBii aiae aa^ij mvl ocaflj ill 




fk» buoBB, kni^ta, and aqniiw (1845). 
N«xt year he took the fortictaes of 
Monaegiir, Monsepat, YiUefnunche, Mire- 
mont, Tennins, Damauen, AiguUon, luid 

Deiity (Oomteu of), Charlotte de la 
TremoailLB, connteM of Derby and queen 

Pkii^ eari c/ Derby, king of Man, ton 
of the coonteas.— Sir W. Scott, Pnenl of 
Otf Peak (time, Charles II.). 

I>erYiek, hangman in the firtt half of 
tlie eerenteenth century. The crane for 
hoisting goods is called a derrick, from 
this hangman. 

Derrick (Tom), quarter-master of the 
pirate's resseL-^ir W. Scott, The Pirate 
(time, William III.). 

Derry-Down Triangle (The), 
lord Castlereagh ; afterwards marauis of 
Londonderry; so called by William 
Hone. The first word is a pun on the 
title, the second refers to his lordship's 
oratory, a triangle bein^ the most feeble, 
monotonous, and unmusical of all musical 
instruments. Tom Moore compares the 
oratory of lord Castlereagh to "water 
spouting from a pump.** 

q. WliyiiapiuBpBlwflBemiotOMtleraaflit 
A. B«eMinitUaalctid«rUiiii|or«ood. 

Thftt Bp and down to avkwd ann doth tvagr. 
And eooOj ipout, aod ipout, and spout svs|r* 
la OM wmk. wmabj, •rarlutliis Sood. 


Dervise (" a poor tnan **), a sort of 
religious friar or mendicant among the 

Desborough (Colonei), one of the 
parliamentary commissioners. — Sir W. 
Seott, Woodstock (time. Commonwealth). 

Deedemo'na, daughter of Brabantio 
a Venetian senator, in love with Othello 
the Moor (general of the Venetian army). 
The Moor loves her intensely, and mames 
her ; but lago, by artful villainy, induces 
him to believe that she loves Cassio too 
well. After a violent conflict between 
love and jealousy, Othello smothers her 
with a bolster, and then stabs himself. — 
Shakespeare, Othello (1611), 

Tbt Mft rfmpOdtF of Datdanona. oo nSdiit of oaarit 
■ of taiiMoaBoa> bar aftioH paiwvamioa lii 

Desert Fairy (The). This fairy 
was guarded by two lions, which could 

be pacified only by a cake made ul 
millet, sugar candy, and crocodiles* eggi. 
The Desert Fairy said to Allfair, <* I sweH 
by my coif yon shall marry the Yellow 
Dwarf, or I will bum my crutch.**— 
Comtesse D* Annoy, /btry Tales (*«TIm 
YeUow Dwarf," 1C82). 

Deserted Daughter (The)^ a 
comedy by Holcroft Joanna was te 
daughter of Mordent, but her mother 
died, and Mordent married lady Anne. 
In order to do so he ignored his daughter 
and had her brought np by strai^ren, 
intending U* apprentice her to sometnde. 
Item, a mo.ey-lender, acting on tlie ad- 
vice of Mordent, lodges the girl witii 
Mrs. Enfield, a crimp, where Lennox ia 
introduced to her, and obtains Mordent's 
consent to run away with her. In the 
interim Cheveril sees her, falls in love 
with her, and determines to marry her. 
Mordent repents, takes the giri home, 
acknowledges her to be his da^^ter, and 
she becomes the wife of the gallant 
young Cheveril (1784). 

*«* This comedy has been recast, and 
called TheSteveard. 

Deserted Village {J^), Tho 
poet has his eye chiefly on Lissoy, its 
landscapes and characters. Here his 
father was pastor. He calls the village 
Auburn, but tells us it was the seat of 
his yoath, every spot of which was dear 
and familiar to him. He describes the 
pastor, the schoolmaster, the ale-honse : 
then tells us that luxury has killed all 
the simple pleasures of village life, but 
asks the friends of truth to judge how 
wide the limits " between a splendid and 
a happ^ land.^ Now the man of wealth 
and pnde 

Ikkas op a tpaee that mua poor aonpUad ; 
Spaca for hit laka. bla park/ axtendad boan4i; 
qpaca far Ua honaa. aqulpa«a. and hounda. 

a GoUmitk OTTOK 

Some think Springfield, Essex, is the 
place referred to. 

A travaOar. whom Waahinslon Irrlaf aaonti m am 
anthorttjr. kteoUflad Uwr'i al»4»aiiaa. vtth tiiailgB of tlM 
Thrca Plfeona ■wlnffinc ovar tha door-vnr, aa "that 
bouM wttora outbrova djauctita Inifiirad. and vtaava anea 
the aicnpoat caught tha paMlnc tf.''—4i. BadwKy. JTaMa 
amd iimarim. Oetobar IS. 187S. 

Dr. Goldnlth oompoaed hit DmtrUd rUUft wbOal 
redding at a tarm-huuaa naarljr oppodte tha church hara 
[i«. apHntifMdl Joaaph Btrutt. the engrarar and 
antiquary, waa bam here In 174B. and died ISOl— Lawia. 
Topofrt/UaU /NoMMory V Mn^mmd, Art "Spring- 
Said '^USSl). 

Deserter ( The), a musical diama by 
Dibdin (1770). Henry, a soldier, is en- 
gaged to Louisa, but during his absence 
some rumonxB of gallantry to bis disad« 

DESltAa $48 

^, r nadi *hr viJlaijc, and to tcit hrs 
Idtcv Loam in pnsleooe gtttt with Sim- 
kin «a tf to b« t»»rried' tirnry eeca the 
prooMcicwD, IB told it » Loti*iui'» wedding 
OAf, ftnd ill A (It of drK^tfmtioQ f^Wea 
himself Bp M « de*^rtcr, &nd is cnn- 
d^ninsd t<> tieiitli. * Umt»» ^*c» to the 
kin^;^ ex pi &i nit the trhole afTntr, juid re- 
turns with hie pitrdoo m th« mufDed 
drumi begin to beat* 

X)e'?iiiaa. Tbci rcpentani thief la to 
--"I ' - 7:W ^aery 0/ Jo^pK of Arumi' 
Disxnaa tn the RiH>cr3'p1ia] 
.Vtfodbniw* Longfellow, in Th* 
iti4'Mn Le^jend^ calls him I>iim»cb«i5. 
Hit imiieniteat thief is cmlled GcsttA, bat 
Lfini^f* lir.w calls him Titos. 

filHnptMiw . 

iteNnv DiricM bj d«Ui Um ttuiir i 

I^mondfl of KUmallofalc 
(Limerick). Th« legend tfl thftt the 1«A 
ptiwi^ri^\\ h<*d <*f thii familt% who 

luliy AnvktMl, ruk'ji round Uitfi 
tn the nioniing, nnd will 

return in t^ie tleth to ctaitn hii 
ii-i 'u iiiK (Sec liAnAAnouA.)— iiir 
\\ , :rt «.LL, FvriunaB 0/ JV'ihjW, 

Despair (^im/) lived in DowbtvoR 
Clitle^ He t<ic»k Cliri«tijio and Hnp«ful 
MptiTtt frtP slr^i ' ' 

locked Uiem i' 
WedaevdAy U» . 

till of briMuL «r tiitJ^^ 'L>f ^1- f 

liet»t," By the odvirc of i 
,<^...-.. #»-.« .-.inrit l*nt t: 
r CQdi^'f L" 

bull; cwcapv with »)pc<ni* — tHoho 

U«r t J /Vc*/re*i, i, (1<>78). 

r» ' it(*ii which iruhee 

the. iliind< 

kt.A MBu tih* tram Wm. lb* «uM OcvafMim 

K. Pt^iMu /Vr><*«M. i (inn. 
Beucalidon'Un Oee&n, the sea 
which weehee the nartlMni side eif Ire- 
leod.— A^che/d ot C^rt<o«e«ter, //of^ t. tl 

Deuce is in ECiin l^fV}* t flirce tj 


GeoTpe Colmftnf eenior. Th# f^rtmi 
furred to is colonel Tam,per, under vhi 
name the (ilotof the force ie ^ven (17ri2)« 

D^ugaHf* '-'^ - '"►•^'^mn^ " w«n cordretl 
with the li ty, but her beArt 

wft» the hoir 

Devo'tAt plu- UKvr-fAfs iafcrior nr 
■econd&ry ddtie« in Hindd ai}-thology. 

Devil {Tkt)' Olivier Ledwn, the 
tool of i^ni^ XI,, and once tbi» kin^'i 
harbor, ' f /><• DiahU, txjcMue he 

WM ». ired^ wee M fond of 

makiri/ , nnd WM f*t more dis- 

liked tiio) Ui« prince td eril, OliTieir 
was executed la 1484. 

celled WM 

formed part of '^Ll^iJd's Place." *i'b 
ori^iiml ^* Apollo*" (of the A^h-vMo Clnh^ 
hfld here under the presidency of Hen 
Jonsoa), is etill preserved th Child's 

When the lawyers in '^ 1 

w*<nt to dinner, they ! j 

*' Joor*, "trone to itir lie^m, \i 

who wanted tbem might kii- w 

to i)tid them. 

Uim4 «i>^ir vtii tit. Qwtl» ui4 ¥r. IJHIws 

^ Frt^h)^ Jean Bart^ «c in 

h tailor, bom at Dunkirll 

i>i>ir«/ (n« H'Ai>}. George Caatrio 
White Devil of Wa 

Virvu {Tiut rrmlcr's), Aldns Uanq 
Itum a printer in Venice to the hnl|l 

i^rn] u'tLuL bv Liif u-:*i;ife u/ Lite 
n'r's deviL" In order U> prt>t<jc4 

irom fiernecutioQ- Aod confute a 

fooiiah superstition, lianubat made a 
pubhe exhibition ot the boy, and an- 
Qounced tliat "any one who doubled him 
to Imb l\efih and blood might come forward 
and ptnch him." 

I*f^ {Jt^hert M*), of Normandj; bm 
called iKf^aii^iF^ his father was said to hav« 
been • - ^-r fusnd m the diigiuse 

of a t -J0a5). 

*«* :, ... . .jjicois Damiens ii aliio 
cmllcd Mijixrt ie DuMt, f(>r bi» !»ttempt to 
Louis XV. (1714-17W)* 



Ikva {Som of the), Ezzeli'DO, chief of 
Um Gibuins, governor of Vicenza. He 
was po callol for his infsmotis cruelties 

Bevil Dick, RichArd Poison, the 
critic (175»-1808). 

Devil on Two Sticks {The), that 
b Lt DiabU Boitcux, by Lesaf^e (1707). 
The plot of this hamoroas satirical tale 
is borrowed from the Spanieb, Ei Diabolo 
Cajvehj by Gaeva'ra (1635). Asmode'us 
(U diaUe boiteux) perches don Cle'ofas 
on the steeple of St. Salva'dor, and 
stretching out his hand the roofs of all 
the hoTises open, and expose to him wYiat 
is being done privately in every dwelling. 

J>etfa on Txpo Sticks (The), a farce by 
8. Foote ; a satire on the medical pro- 

Devil to Pay (The), a farce by C. 
Coffey. Sir John Loverule has a terma- 
gant wif^ and Zackel Jobson a patient 
grisseL Two spirits named Nadir and 
Ab'ishog transform these two wives for a 
time, so that the ti>rmagant is £[iven to 
Jobson, and the patient wife to sir John. 
When my lady tnes her tricks on Jobson, 
he takes his strap to her and soon reduces 
her to obedience. After she is well re- 
formed, Uie two are restored to their 
original husbands, and the shrew becomes 
an obedient, modest wife (died 1745). 

rw HotA M Fuw vm loos » Iftvourtte. ebirfly for tlM 
ihutactar oT " N^ ' [tht cobbler a tp{/ti vhkh mad* 
dM fortaiMi of nrwml •ctreaofe.— Cluunben, MmalUh 
M M m tu i9 , tt. m. 

Devil'8 Age ( The), A wealthy man 
once promise<r to give a poor gentleman 
and his wife a large sum of money if at 
a given time they could tell him the devil's 
age. \Mien the time came, the geotleman, 
at his wife's suggestion, plunged first 
into a barrel of honey and then into a 
barrel of feathers, and walked on all 
fours. I'resently, ud came his Satanic 
majest}', and said, **Aand x years have I 
lived," naming the exact number, "yet 
never saw I an animal like this." The 
gentleman had heard enough, and was 
able to answer tlie question without diffi- 
culty. — Rev. W. ^^'eh6ttr, Basque Legends, 
58 (1877). 

Devil's Arrows, three remarkable 
***lruidical" stones, near Borough bridge, 
in Yorkshire. Probably these stones 
siioply mark the boundary of some pro- 
|>erty or jurisdiction. 

Devil's Brid^ (The), mentioned by 
Longfellow, in the Goiden Legend, is the 

bridge over the falls of the Renss, in tfaa 
canton of the Uri, in Switzerland. 

Devil's Chalice (7^). A wealthy 
man gave a poor farmer a large snm ol 
money on this condition : at the end of a 
twelvemonth he was either to say **of 
what the devil made his chalice," or else 
sdve his head to the devil. The poor 
farmer, as the time came round, hid 
himself in the cross-roads, and presently 
the witches assembled from idl sides. 
Said one witch to another, ** Yon know 
that Farmer So-and-so has sold his head 
to the devil, for he will never know 
of what the devil makes his chalice. 
In fact, I don't know myself." " Don*t 
you?" said the other; "why, of the 
parinn of finger-nails trimmed on Sun- 
days.^ The farmer was overjoyed, and 
when the time came round was Qnit» 
ready with his answer.— Rev. W. Web- 
ster, Basqtie Legends, 71 (1877). 

Devil's Current (7^). Part of the 
current of the BosphOrus is so called ffom 
its great rapidity. 

Devil's Den, a cromlech in Pres- 
chute, near Marlborough. 

Devil's Dyke (The), otherwise 
called Grim's Dyke. This dyke ran from 
Newmarket into Lincolnshire, and was 
designed to separate Mercia from the East 
Angles. Part of the southern boundary 
of Mercia (from Hampshire to the mouth 
of the Severn) was called "Woden a 
Dyke," the present Wan's Dyke. 

Bacanae 1117 depdi and brcadUi to stnuigelr doth eicwd 
Meu's low and wretched thought!, they constantly dacraaS 
That by the devii's help I needs must raised b«. 
Wbwefora Um " UwriTs DIteb " tb«7 btkseljr naniM m* 
Drajrtoo. Polpotbton, imL (lC£i). 

Devil's Dvke, Brighton (The,. 
One day, as St. Cuthman was walking over 
the South Downs, and thinking to him- 
self how completely he had rescued the 
whole country from paganism, he wa» 
accosted bv his sable majesty in person. 
"Ha, ha ! ^' said the prince of darkness ; 
"so you think by these churches and 
convents to put me and mine to youi 
ban ; do vou ? Poor fool ! why, this very 
night will I swamp the whole land with 
the sea." " Forewarned is forearmed," 
thought St. Cuthman, and hies him to 
sister Cecilia, superior of a convent which 
then stood on the spot of the present 
Dyke House. " Sister," said the saint, 
" 1 love you well. This night, for the 
grace of God, keep lights burning at the 
convent windows from midnight to day- 



IrctlL mnd let mawes \m Mid by the hitlj 
•iit^rbood.'* At •tund^iWTh curiK' tlic dftll 
with irtck*3te •■. 'yd 

the netk ir> n(. 

■t^fif ! " 'f 

vol.. M> 

me .11 

At 1 , !lt 

win. ,■»* 

tnl^i I to 

CFO-w m-m luiLily. UlT Sk-w iht: dtvil, 
ind never nj^&in retnmed to cr»ni[iU<ie hiM 
wt^rk. The im&n di^^gimy he effeeted 
•tt]) reniidni in witnf>«« of the truth of 
thu legend of the ** Devil 'a Dyke/* 

Devil's Trjins-Tan (The), % 
Cnmiih mine worked by th« iindeni 
Roinftna. Accordinp: to n - ive 

tiotk'ii, pntrioits iitoar:^ iire i tn 

<wiiilen*pd dew hurdlcDed .. un, 

Thi* mine wu the fr^'inff-pnn where dew 
wts tliui eonrerttd ftad bftnlentil. 

Dcvira Parliament (Theh Ifce 

IiarlLirn»n» fl^frTtili1«d by Henry VI. «t 
^iv. ]^H. So oiUed l««<AUfie H 

I«« 4 on the duke of York «ad 

Beril'a Throat {!%*). Crotnerlky 
U •(» eatl«l, beisAOM it ia «o duigetotti 16 

lleTfl'fl Wall (Th^h the w^l mimi- 
tmtiii£ KtiiclAbd from Scr^tijind. So 
adim from it* great duraUiiity. 

Deronflliire, »ccc»rdmg to htflofie 
fahk'. b a corru|itioo of *' l>«boo'A-ehAC€.** 
lliie l>ttMio waa one of the compaaiotii uf 
Unite, the descend ant of iEot'^as. T1«i 
«hAMid the git&t O^uliD till be rame to • 
pit fldbhl l««guet acntM. Tri^in^ to leaD 
vthb ctuuTHf tho ipAJit fell tackwanU and 
kal bii Ufc. 

friend of 

I>eVQrsoil (i^o^y J*«^), » fri 
ft* kUMlwood fkmUy.-^if W. 
#% JfnmcrH^ (titue, Ueor^ iK)« 

I>0Wl&p (i>^Nt), an anecdote teller, 
euccaaa de|^^ed oivre upoo hi* 

i»hyti4ii^ADi> Lhan hi* wit, Tiiji «-htn and 
tiii fAUOch irere i;ia tuoai tetlir^; pointi. 

I lEMa4 Hht Um iMdt o' »iU «U nt 4*«ui4«i a7«i« M^ 
ifaaaififf of * flut pHiMeK. fend ih* '^— 'tj mni t t^ ^ 

PhU (Z'mn), <>f Lixshlei, a ttighlyid 
chirft In the arrnv of Mon^rnafi. 

j/a; ' " , ' »•' 

land f 

Cbarica L>, 

Bhtil'dul, ehe famoua hoiM ?f All, 
•oo-in4aw of Mahomet, 

Bhul Karncin ("f^^fifl^Aoenaf*), 
a true believer aceordini; to the Hoham* 
medan notion^ who built the vimII U» 
prevent the incursions af Gog and H»- 
gog.^ — ^A/ Aoraii, xtHL 

I if itMM ud oMlltH tmmk ftifr ImJll llw 


n4 h'lt. fttud pnorad OMilM b 

DhuTiniiu the roraame of Jotiah; 
•o cAited becauM be waa «TAt^/ov«l &u a 

HkM^voMM Moll 

Diafoirus ( Thrmm*), ton of Dr, Pi»- 

fi>\rrtn. |f<^ t" d vnimjj medjcal milksopy 
t iMi«ed biedaci^hter 

Diafoima (wye hit 
1 , _ ^:jJ-driod ipeech(», 

aud on ooe txxiwionf being interrupted 
in bii reniarkst naya^ *' Madame, vnua 
m^avm utterrnnipii itanji te milieii de ma 

Gni»dc,et r«*la m'a trpubt^^ La mcmoifis," 
ii father aay*, ** Thomaa^ n^servcx cela 
pour uue aatie foii/* Aji^iuue lottt 
Clffante (t i^X and Thomaji Diafoiitia 
goea ta lae irall, 

m% mmM m nmmmOm M» fff% aa ■§ fts 
4MJl pA, B wtm jnato it* «> fu'ea Mjilii «l««i»« 

Di'anioiKl^ one of three brother^ 
aon* of the fairy Agi^pd, Tln^Uk h ^^i nr 
•irotij:, h« wa* alain in air);. 
Cam'bala. Hubmtbenwtr jj 

and Tn'junond. — ^hpeaaer, /lu-. 

Diamond Jousts, nine jouiti I 
titled by Arthor. and to called betsanaQ 4 
dtamood waa the prize. Tbcae nil 
dittinooda were all won by ttr Launotio 
who ivreaeated them to the qumq* 




GmaiTtie, in a tiff, flnng them into the 
river which ran by the palace. — ^Ten- 
nyMii, IdyU$ of the Kmg (*^£hune *"). 

IMamond Sword, a magic ■word 
given hr the god Syren to the king of 
the Gold Mines. 

ik« fM« kiBI a MTOrd BHli* OTOM flBtIra dlUDOad, ttBt 

rmlm C^lb* YaOov Dwaif.' IMS). 

Diamonds. The lazgeat in the world: 

IfM • Drafuna 

— atT 

— IM SUroTthe Sooth 

— IM Orioir 

— I39i FlorentiDe 

— I3»i 

410 136f Pitt 

T93| IMA Kob-l-noor 

— 86 Sbab 

KlDg of Portnical 
Bijab of MatUu 

(terof Roaria 
Emp. of AostrU 
Kiiigof PoTtuical 
Kii g ol Pruflsi* 
Queen of EngUnd 
Out of RoMda 
lie»r*. RuDdcU 

and Bridge 
Lord Wesunioflier 

Qiarof Ramla 
Earl of Dudley 
Khedireuf Egypt 

e each under iti 

— T8 Nmmo 

112 tri Blue 

— M fcocj 
88« 44* Dudley 

— 4t Pacha of Egypt 

%• For particulars, « 

Diana, the heroine and title, a partoral 
of Montemayor, imitated from the Daph- 
nit and Chloe of Longos (fourth century). 

Dian'oy daughter of the widow of Flo- 
rence with whom Hel'ena lodged on her 
way to the shrine of St. Jacoues le Grand. 
Count Bertram wantonly loved Diana, 
bat the modest ^rl made this attachment 
the means of bnnging about a reconcilia- 
tion between Bertram and his wife Helena. 
—Shakespeare, AlCs WeU that Etuh Well 

Dian'a de Ijascours, daughter of 
Ralnh and Louise de Lascours, and sister 
of Martha, o/kia Ogari'la. Diana was 
betrothed to Horace de Brienne, whom 
■he resigns to Martha. — £. Stirling, The 
Orphan of the J^Yonen Sm (1866). 

Dian'a the Inexorable. (1) She 
dew Orion with one of her arrows, for 
daring to make love to her. (2) She 
changed Actcon into a stag and set her 
own dogs on him to worry him to death, 
because he chanced to look upon her 
while bathing. (3) She shot with her 
arrows the six sons and six daughters of 
Miobfi, because the fond mother said she 
waa happier than Latdna, who had only 
Iwo children. 

Diana the 8eoond of Babnazw 
tin, a pastoral romance by QU Polo. 

" W« wffl p tmm m Uwi book." add tte ov*. *'m«H» 
Mir M If ApoUo hliwelf hod boon ItoMthor.'-OfenvaHa 
Am qtUnf. L L « (ISOOK 

Diana {the TempU of), at Epheans, 
one of the Seven Wonders of antiqaitj, 
was set on fire by Herostratos to immor- 
talise his name. 

Diana of the BtairOb Hn. Anne 

Biacegirdle (166&-1748). 

Dian'a'8 Foresten, " mfarfotw €4 
the moon,** ** Diana's knights,** etc, high* 

Mtfiy. thou. iwooC wtm, vhon thoa art Uiw. tat MS 
M thot aro -aqiilrai oT Iho Bightri hodjr" bo Oilii 
tkU»0$ . . lot IIS bo " Diwio's IbrMtm." "OMrttaoMS 
of tiM AtOm.' "mfailoiM of ttio ■ooa." nho>o^Mi% 
1 JTonry /r. oet L k. S {UK). 

Dlana*8 livery (To wear), to ban 

> BMniaoll waar DtaM-k Mniji 

Diano'nL wife of Gilberto of Frinii, 
but amorously loved b^ Ansaldo. In 
order to rid herself of his importunities, 
she vowed never to yield to his suit till 
he could " make her garden at midwinter 
as gay with flowers as it was in summer '* 
(meaning never). Ansaldo, by the aid of 
a magician, accomplished the appoint«i 
task ; but when the lady told nun her 
husband insisted on her keeping her 
promise, Ansaldo, not to be outdone in 
generosity, declined to take advantaga 
of his claim, and from that day^ forai 
was the firm and honourable fnend of 
Gilberto. — lioccaccio, Decameron^ x. 6. 

The FrankliiCs Tale of Qiauoer is rab* 
stantially the same story. (See DoeI' 


Diarmaid, noted for his "beauty 
spot," which he covered up with his cap ; 
for if any woman chanced to see it, sne 
would instantlv fall in love with him.— 
OmpbeU, TcJes of the West highkmde 
(" Diamiaid and (jrainne **). 

Diav'olo (Fra), Michele Pezza, in- 
surgent of Clalabria (1760-1806).— Auber, 
Fra Piavoio (libretto by Scribe, 1886). 

Dibble (Vavie), gardener at Monk- 
barns. — Sir W. Scot^ Antiquary {iimt, 
(George III.). 

Dibu'tades (4 syl.), a potter of 
Sicyon, whose daughter traced on the 
wall her lover's sh^iow, cast there b^ 
the light of a lamp. This, it is said, m 
the origin of portrait painting. Tha 
father applied tne same process to hli 


potteij, and tliia, it U Mkl« ii thit origio 
of tculptorf tn relief. 

wa ibt w« «m l^fi ■ lomltar ar|^ Uimi that Wr 

I>i6fl&'a, dsttcbUf of Jcv^, the *^tc- 
cvuQf ftfi|{«l ** of daask mjUiology. 

Diccon the Bedlamite, • lulf- 
niiiil tnentticftntt both ktiikve uid tbief. 
A nfXK itttea of the amtn will be ■ecu bjr 
jMirl, nf r>Iccfm'« ppeech : 


i.t * lun*«r Ua«* 1 bin ■!. ta 
» tn-Ui* and iVV« <>«*• t hoik !■ 

VbM I OT« II taNid nil. Ml «l 4r>arv I lir«A M^ 

WUcfc flnUMl MOl Itf kiMt^ «ataa •«? P«l«^ N>. 
^dl MTt far « tlMiiw b«nw i» 4f«« •• •«« »«M •! «lik 

IHcilla, no€ of Lijgi9tiJbi*i hwid- 
majdt, Dotrd for her ciuwtity.'-Ahaeto, 
OrJafkh Furioso (Iblli)* 

Dick, ostler ai the S«%*eii Btun Inn, 
York.-^if W. ScQtt, Htartc/Midtidh^ 
(time, Georgo !L)< 

i>6s4, cMlftd ♦*TTi • ^ ' of 

HeUg»rth;" « faU of 

til* «Mrl of DooicUs. / Jir 
Mkidof Ptrih (time, lltaxy 1V,>. 

/)*c4 1 M/f- J. ftii ftiiiiiMe, h^lf-wittid 

m i " Aiint," MifM 

It* nk« him « pro- 

di^'iuu* k is espcsciallir 

m«il oti 4'harles t*-^ 

Diokcni, ' (\M9h 

Dick ^ ^- Aralirt, 

• rich, • EHck As- 

dui;,..... .,. ,^. ...... . ., 

ibfl daughter at Gripe, ft rich tcriTeaer. 
JtL»i ns he !» »iJ>mst t^n f^!op«', hi*» mother 

m* ■ ' ' it is 

In; i«> 

[t ml j utftrfLii. I ' r MJiiiii p, 

Mtd wholiy H ut twinir 

a dAfthirm; yoi: ...i. ...... 

prr»oiii h« It n 
John yiiibrtijs' 

fSli Dl£Ga 

DickBOn {ThamM)^ fanner ftl IKnig* 

(;4ir/« i>ic4s«?n, too ftf tlio abf»T«, 
kllied in the cliiiich.—Sif W, Scotl^ 
CditU Danff^rout (time, Henry I.). 

Dicta'tor of liettere, Fran^U 
Marie Arnaet de Voltaire, called thr 
•* Great Pan '* (1694^1778), 

Dictionary (A L*^). WilheJm 
Leibaitz (1G46-1716) waa w called bf 
Geofve I. 

•,♦ l^rtf^fnua was called ♦' The U^ ing 

*,' uct, cliiuf editor of the 

IMp^ 1, wna i*allod a Ptrrxnt* 

iMtranun fur his unlimited kviowledge 

Diddler (Jfremfj)^ as artful iwindler ; 
a clever, tccdy vagabond* who hormira 
RiaDt'y ur obtains credit by ht« iui:>^, 
witticisms, or other expedi«iita, — Kctroey, 
iUiim»j iha Wifid. 

Diderick, the Germai] form of Theo- 
dorick, king of the Goths. As Aitbaf 
b the centre of Hritish roinaa<!c and 
Charlema^e of French romance, so 
Diderick is the central figure of the 
German minneainger*, 

Didier {Htnri), th« lover ef Julie 
Lesurt{tt«i ' " '. ' : - ---•^-'-■-:- '— ';-,-t- 
io^ and « u» 

his/CdAoeV a. 

StirUog, TU Courier uj LyuJu ; 15^2)* 

Did. *'Ali, surely nothing dio hut 
■omeibiog^ motmu I "-^Byrtm, Don Juam^ 
iii. 106(t^'i0). 

Die Youn^ (Whomtfyt (?o<fc loiar/v 
Byron, Don Jmin, iv, 12 (1824). 

Join fWi»tf ««P thi 

^MSffti iliiut^ Jauxti Lj. 

uk Aiuifi ' «_"'j ;•_&'-> r-Mi> 

~ ' * :-^^ - -^ - -,n la 

Die'go, the sexton to l4»\ies th* 
" Sfianlsh cural«/'^Ikaumont and FteU 
Cher, Th£ 5/«muA Otf^to (1622), 

f.i'iV'f/o (/^'<«), a man of 60, whoaaw a 

country maiden oamrd Leonora, wboin 

he liked, and intended to marrv if her 

temf*f>r if*' nil n* fttT'tfiMe as her iac« was 

1 U-ave of hjfir paf«QEa 

I (»iace her ttoder a 

Lhs, and then aitbcf 

rt:Uni h«:r w Uhhi MpotleM, or to make 

her his wife. At the exptntioo ixf the 

time ' • " • -*'■ '^^ Tiarha^ 

cur .9 sura* 

luck. keys to 

Umala, but to Hit ouLer dour he i 



A h«gt padlock, and jmt the kef in his 
poeket Leeader, being in love with 
LeoBomi lengheii at lockimitha and 
d—inai| and DiMfo (2 tjfl.) found them 
nboot to elope. Being a wiie man, he 
Dot only eonaented to their union, but 
aave Leonoca a handaome •damage por- 
BflaL— L BiekeiBtafl, Th§ Padiock. 

Dist of Fisrfomifiirs* 
BsAHAM lang on battled porUr, 
Gatuet {Miu) took UnBMd Ua and 

GooKB {G, F,) diank everything. 
HsiTDBBaox, gum arabie md Mherrff, 
IifCLBDOS lang on madeira, 
JoRDAX (Jfrt.) dnmk oalve^-foot jelly 

^^jmIC.) took beef 'tea for bieakfaat, 
and prefa r red a rmiuheteak for dinner. 

Kmak {Efbu.)^ Embbt, and Rbbvs 
diank cold bramfy'Ond-water, 
Kbm BLB (John) took opium, 
Lbwib, wmled wme and oytten, 
Macbbadt oaed to eat the learn of 
mmUoti-ckope when he acted, and anbae- 
qaently lired almost wholly on a vege- 

Oxbbbbt drank tea, 

RuasBLL (ffenry) took a boiled egg, 

SMnu ( )y.) drank ooffee. 

Wood {Mr$.) sang on draught porter, 

Wbbmch and Uarlbt took no refreali- 
ment during a peif onnance. — W. C 
Bnaaell, Bepreeentative Actors, 272. 

Die'trich (2 syL), So Theod'oric the 
Oreat is called by the German minne- 
aingen. In the terrible broil stirred up 
by Queen Kriemhild in the banquet haU 
of Etxel, Dietrich interfered, and buc- 
eeedcd in capturing Hngan and the 
Burigundian king Gunther. These he 
handed oyer to the queen, praying her to 
set them free ; but she cut off both their 
heads with her own hands. — The Niebe- 
lun:,fm Lied (thirteenth century). 

Dietrich (John), a labourer's son of 
Poroerania. He spent twelve years 
under ground, where he met Elizabeth 
Krabbin, daughter of the minister of his 
own village, Ramlnn. One day, walking 
together^ they heard a cock crow, and 
an irresistible desire came over both of 
them to visit the upper earth. John so 
frightened the elves by a toad, that they 
jicldcd to his wish, and gave him hoaros 
of wealth, with part of which he bou^t 
half the island of RUgen. He married 
Elixabeth, and became the founder of a 
verv TH)werful faniilv. — Keightley, Fhtrg 
MpUolagy, (See TiNBiuaBB.) 

Dieu et Mon Droits I3ie UMlt 
of Richard I. at the baMa of GlMn 

Diggerj, one of the honae-aemoli 
at Strawberry Hall. Being stage-atrack, 
he inoculatea hia fellow-aenranta (Gymoa 
and Wat) with the same taste. la tha 
same house ia an heiress named Kitty 
Sprightly (a ward of air Gilbert Pomi^ 
kin), also stage-struck. I>iggeiT*s 1»- 
vonrite character waa *' Alexander the 
Great,'* the son of <* Almon.** One daj, 
playinjg; Momeo and Juliet, he tuned tbt 
oven into the balcony^ but, being nmg 
for, the girl acting ** Juliet^ waa nearly 
roaated alive. (See Diooobt.)— J. Jaek- 
man. All the WorUTe a Stage, 

Bigges (Miee Maria), a friend of 
lady rcnf eather : a visitor at the Spa. — 
Sir W. Scott, St, Momm'e Well (Sma, 
George III.). 

>n [I>avle], a shepherd in tha 
V$ Calendar, by Spenser. Ha 
tells Hobbinol that he drove his sheep 
into foreign lands, hoping to find better 
pasture; but he was amazed at the 
luxury and profligacy of the shepherds 
whom he saw there, and the wretched 
condition of the flocks. He refers to 
the Roman Otholic clergy, and their 
abandoned mode of life. I)iggon also 
tells Hobbinol a long story about Roffin 
(the bishop of Rochester) and his watch^ 
f ul dog Lauder catching a wolf in sheep's 
clothing in the fold. — Ed, ix« (Septem- 
ber, 1572 or 1578). 

Dig^g^ry, a bam labourer, employed 
on state occasions for butler and footman 
by Mr. and Mrs. Hardcastle. He b 
both awkward and familiar, lau^ia at 
his master's jokes and talks to his 
master's guests while serving. (See 
DioGRRT.)--Goldsmith, She Stoqpe to 
Conquer (1778). 

IHggory {Father)^ one of the monks of 
St. Botolph's Prior}-.— Sir W. Scott, 
loanhoe (time, Richard I.). 

Dill or Ane'thoin. The seeds art 

warm, strong-smelling, and aromatlo. 

Tba wondflr-vwfciiig dlO Im fMi . . . 
WbkfaoniiiMiVoiiMn nw In iua«y a iiIm dkMHk 
Drajrton. tHiSmmt, sUL (ltU|. 

IMmanche (Mons,), a dun. Hooa. 
Dimanche, a tradesman, applies to do« 
Juan for money. Don Juan trsata him 
with all imaginable courtesy, but em 
time he attempts to revert to burin 
interrupts him with some such questi 
aa. Comment ee parte madame Dimcmekef 



m M wie* petHaJltk Qmidine^ commmit 
m fimrM-^tei or U peiii CoUa, faiUt 
taiMmr* bttn du bruit arec §tm tati^bomr f 
orEi Poir§ p*tU ckicn BruJiqufft, grvmSc' 
$-U toutpWM mtKiti ftjrt , . , ? jiTJtj, mfter • 
time, be tuya ^ ht 

tnuft tuy £ofM^ nd 

be l<Mkv«si II0115 - - iug 

the object of lib c«U, (Sec biii^rrui- 
t02f,)— MoU^re, Dim Jtum (1666). 

IMll ( Tkt)^ the fyrmcticml pitrt of IstAxo, 
•onuiatn^^ Uie rit«»l uid mnnl Uwv, 

Dln&h [Priendly], daugbter of fir 
TbonuM Friendly- bhe love* Edwiud 
BloAhington, ''the fatuhfal man," and 
beeoTnea engaged to him.'— W. T. Uan> 
•rieff , TKt Ba^h/ut Jftm, 

Dinakf daaghitT of Sandie Lawion^ 
landlord of the &i« hotel. ^ Sir Vi\ 
8<^ott, St, BomrC* WeU (itine, Geomi 

A'-^.A /4M.»n learci Mr, Walter 

Shn Tbii enm of money, in 

Wtti ill rnffioe to carry out all 

ttlfwiM ^ I extrav'agant faaciet 

tbat «it*'r I ic*d< ^Sterne, Tria- 

I>ili&nt\« geaileman who once lovcJ 
and ifttll {ireienda ttD lore Lamira, the 
wife of Cham}^mel.— tieauttiont and 
Fletcher, Th* lUUt /Who* iMtyer 

Dlnarsa'de {A fyt.), tiftcr of Sche- 
bera^adc lultana of Inertia. DiDarzado 
was iostrueted by her riiter to w^ake her 
every tnointn^ an huur before daybreak, 
and iay, " Smter^ relate to we one of 
those ddij^htfol Btoricds yon know/' or 
*' Finiah before daybreak the itory you 
bcj^n yesterday." The iultao i^ot in- 
tcreited in Uie«« talea, and revoked the 
cnial dcterniioatioti he had made of 
itiao|eUnff at daybrt-mk the wife be had 
jnamed the proccding ni^ht. (See Sckk- 


Dinea Emiyii or ** Fort t4 Am- 

brose'* (1.^. Mcrliat, on 
nart of Snowdob. \^ hen ' 



»i ftftfr 



r in Ihfe 
n (then 

^n loun- 

otJ^^' . ' , I ihAirtberred. 

Tk^ «iui« M>r|«cQi a4 ikf«l ptemaflcdy but 

flltlmalelv I2i# fed one cbaaed the other 
out of tlie pool. The rwl eernent, he 
Mid, meant tlie Brilooa, and the white 
one the Saxoiul At tint the Svioiia 
(or whii* serp0mi) {ircrailed, hot io the 
end '* our people (thfndmwnt) **tball 
chaie the Saxon nee bevoad the sea.**-* 
Kenniiia, Ifi$iory 0/ lAe ^ritoiM (SI2). 

am Ika Idp of iMita^ ■ 
I Obiu lorte ila«l 


Dm Willi* Utt IB<* tat Md, far «(|k«aM flw 

l>fv««. f*t§m m m, a OiUl. 

Dine with Demo(7rito8 (To), to 
be chottMd out of your dinner. 

k " Barmecide fea«t '* is no feaat at 

all. The allusion ia to Barmecide^ who 
inv1*ci! ^ ' ' c to dine with him, and 
iet I' »nly empty (>latea and 

dish*r j^ that the **Tiande" 

were ino«L ex^^cUenL (See Haakkcidk.) 

]>ine with duke Hujnphrejr 

( To}t to have no dinner to go to. The 
doke referred to was the 100 of Heatj 
tV,^ mardvred at St. Edmaodsbury, and 
buned at St. Alban'0. tt w&9 generally 
thought that he waa bancd in the nave 
of 3i. Paul'! Cathedral ; but the monu- 
ment f upposed to be ^veted to the duke 
wa« in reality that of John Beauchamp. 
LonQgeni, who were aeked if they were 
not |:orn|^ home to dinner^ and tboVe who 
tamed m St. Paul't after the generai 
crowd had left, were supposed to be fto 
busy looking for the dukc'e monuineal 
that they diciegard«d the dinner hour. 

Dine with Mahomet (To), to di«. 
Similar to the elaoBlc phmae, *'^To tap 
with Pluto.*^ 

Dine for Sup) with eir Thoma* 
Qresh&m, to hare no dinner or eupper 
to go to. At one time the Royal ^chanice 
was the common lounging-place of idleit 
tad ragabonda, 

Ti»' unit cote Iferi 
Y«i vtii: ^mt em 

B|A#n IIm« eiirt Itaft 

Dine with the CroaS'IjeiEfged 
Kiliffhta (To)j to have no dinner to go 
to, Lawyers ^t oni* time in»<lr appoint* 
mentM witjj U at Lbf* Kound 

CSiQrcb, ar •»t of dinnerUae 

vigabond* 1 ut all day, in the 

hope of pieking up a few penee for little 

Diner^Out of the First W« 




> Sidiify Smith ; •& CftUed by the 
^iMfif (1760-1846). 

Hin'eyawr (8 wl.) or Diitab Yawb 
(**af«ort iialaev*Of ™« reridence of the 
king of Sooth Welei, tmilfc by Bhodri 

I w *• gwl tr B^^ i« DlMfwr. 
Aai ■" * ■ " 


Diiude {Old Dkk of th$), friend of 
HobUelOlioti of the Hen^-f oot fum.— 
Sir W. Seott, Thi Black Dwarf (time, 

Dingwall (Arm), the attoroey nt 
Wolfe Hope rUkgc-^ir W. Scott, 
Brid§ o/ Lammurmoor (time, Williun 

Binias and Deroyllis (TAe W<m- 
itriHMt AdoetUmnt Sj ami Lo9e$ of), an 
•Id Qieek nerd, the beaie of the romanoe 
of Antonins Dioe'enSa in twenty-lmr 
hooka and entitled JncnUbh TkbtuM 

a aloiia^ioaae from whidi eoMeqnent 
wiiteri have borrowed Ur^lj. The 
work la not extant, but Photius girea an 
outline of ita contenta. 

Dinmont (Jkmdif, ue. Andrew), an 
oteentric and numorous store fanner at 
Charlie*a Hope. He U called ** The Fight- 
ing Dinmont of Liddesdale.*' 

AiU$ Dmmomi, wife of Dandy Dinmont 
—Sir W. Scott, Qua Mannermg (time, 
Gtom II.). 

*«* This novel has been dramatised by 
Daniel Terry. 

Dinner BeU. Burke waa lo called 
from hia custom of making lo long as 
to interfere with the dinner of the mem- 
ben (1729-1797). 

Dinnerless (7^) are said to sit at 
a **I)annecide feast}** to **dine with 
duke Hnmphrey;** "to dine with sir 
Thomas Gresham;** to **dine with De- 
mocritoa.*' Their hotU are said to be the 
crot§4egi^ hughis, 

Diodle'tianf the king and father of 
ICraatua, who waa placed under the charjge 
of the "seven wise masters" {ItaMn 

In the l^^nch version, the father is 
called "Dolop'athoe.** 

Diog'enes (4 jy/.), the negro slave 
of the cynic philosopher Michael Age- 

(4 ayl.).— Sir W. Scott, Count 
MdUrt of Paria (time, Rufns). 

Di'omeda (3 «y/.) fed his horses on 

hnman flesh, and he waa himself eaten In 
his horse, being thrown to it by Iiei% 

Dion (Lord), father of Eophia'rfn. 
Euphrssia ia in love with Fhilaater, hdr 
to the crown of Heaai'na. Di^fuaed 
aa a page^ EuphrMia aaaumea the name 
of Bellano and enters the service of 
Phihuter.— Beaomont and Fletcher, PiU- 
kuier or Lov$ Lka a-hUedmg (1688). 

(There ia oonsiderable leeemU 
between "finphraaU** and "Viola ** hi 
[Uiake8peaie*a Twtlfth Jfigkt^ 1614.) 

Dion»'an Cfl88ar» Jnlina OMar. 
who claimed deacent from Yenoa, ealled 
DiQoQ from her mother. ^ 
aon of Vennu and Anchisda. 

Dio'ne (8 fv/.), mother of Aphio> 
dftd (Fmmm), Zens or Jove being the 
father. Venna herself ia ao««imea 
called DiOD6. 

OhbMT. . . lfytraMVMtott»pM« 
[Dior* —•*" 

BMiM bcr forth to toadlMr ai«ri tea 

n^ Im 


DionyaUak ^*i^c ^ Cleon governor 
of Tarsus. Periclfia prince of Tyre 
commits to her charge his infant daa^diter 
Mari'na, supposed to be mothcilesa. 
When 14 years old, Diooysia, out of 
jealousy, employs a man to murder her 
foster-duld, and the people of Taiaua. 
heariDjtr thereof, set fire to her house, and 
both Dionysia and C^eon are burnt to 
death in the flames. — Shakespeare, Psnoffs 
Prmct oj Tyrt (1608). 

Dionys'lus, tyrant of Sjrracnae, da* 
throned £vander, and imprisoned him in 
a dungeon deep in a huge rock, intending 
to starve him to death. But Euphraaia, 
having gained access to him, fed him 
from her own breast. Timoleon invaded 
Syracuse, and Dionysius, seeking aaf^ 
in a tomb, saw there Evander the de p oaed 
kin^r, and was about to k*ll him, when 
Eu^irasia rushed forward, strudi the 
tyrant to the heart, and he feU dead at 
her feet — A. Murphy, The (Ttscmm 
Daughter (1772). 

*«* In this tragedy there are several 
gross historical errors. In act L the 
author tells us it was Dionysius the 
Elder who was dethroned, and went In 
exile to Corinth ; but the elder Dionysina 
died in Syracuse, at the a^^ of 68, and 
it was the uowMor Dionysina who waa 
dethroned by Timoleon, and w«t la 




Corinth. Id mt% r. he makm EupttTmaia 
kill tJie tymnt in Synteuie, whew« he 
WM nlkiW^d to leftve Sicily, and retired 
to Corinth, where be ■|*eni bit time in 
flvtutii living, etc 

iHcm f/t^ im [titb Euher] wm ftppnint«d 
■ole ^cnend cif Ui^ SynicifsiAQ arniyf nod 
then Vtti^ bf the voice of the vcnste. 
r»rtmf>n " the Prth«<fore'*n " opf»d»cd the 
ut^ and eren txied to fUb ** tbe 
ut wu arrestod and condemned 
I The inddaiita wbtreby he was 

kifcSni ^re to be fonnd under the article 

1>-- - ■' pyihia*, a dnuna by R. 
Kd« I, and another by John 


PiuHyi'iuM [mm TotTWOKn], being 
banifthed from dyTacose^ went U> Curinth 
and t«trDed Mchovlmai&er, 

DiotijsluB the Areopa^te w»i 
ocie of the jadgea of the Afrop»pu* 
when St, VavxI Appeared before thie 
tributtnL ^\'r.Ain writini^s, fjiliricati^d by 
tbr ' lani m the fiftjh renhiry, 

wer- Tili«d to him. The /no- 

ft-.'.- ., 

o n<ury. 

t'what fimi}»T 
i in the ninth 
1 %eiuv after 

rw QmUmm It^mJ 

IHonyfriao's Bar, a cave in a rock, 

Tl feet hi' /' -- ■ ^ - 

daepi tbi 

the ihri[. 

iojt whisjttif of the 

pn^!-".-. .- ., ...... 

Dio&cu'ri (iwM <»< Z^*), Cantor Mid 
Pollux. Getierally, but incorrootJy, ao^ 
ecnted on tbe Meoad tylUbte* 

D^jnti'tiiflL tJii rrii^^tr'>« of Mintineia 
TO 1? leather of 

Bo' on life, tla 

QAfnr , ^rej. /iihj aimi« fonn the 

nucJv : 1 JM dialoipie. bocratai died 

Diplomatista (/V4*« of)* Oierles 
Haorle* TalUcTmiid de F^fii^n] {1764- 

Illpeoflv a eKrp«nt, no eaUed becMM 
those bm«n by it iuilered from inloler* 

rJ ' ' \ (Greek, ci^/j«L "thint,") 
^$ to it in /'omtia 

Dipsodda (2 a^//,), the people 
l>ip*THh*, niird nrer by king Anarehiu 

H I' l*anui^ruel f bkl 

I rntardA colon tict-d 

Li — . — UiouMiad tnUUoa 

men from ^ to vpoak more 

cxaclly^ V men) I Ij^itiei 

women, chi >v(nen, profewon^ 

and pe«a«fit k:. ui. l).^liabe- 

Dip^Body, tbe coontry of the Di^ 

sodeB (2 «^/.)| g.r* 

Dircro'BJi Swim, Pindar; »o called 
from Difct, a fuuotain in the ocijifbbour- 
hood of Thebes, the poet'e birthplace 

Dirlos or D*Yrlo« (CbimO* • 
pAladkOf the embMioient of vabinrf gi^e- 
rosity, and trnth. He WM tent \>f 
nuirli'ma^e to the East whesv be con- 
qurrr<l Auar'dd^ a Moonih piinee. On 
1^, , ,. ,„ |jg found hit yomur wife 
Cc4i'nos (another of Charl^ 
] i-tni)^ The matter wae put 

ri^hi by L}ie kin^^ who gave a grand 
fcAHt on the occaiion. 

Dirty Laoe, now called Abingdon 
Street, Weetminster* 

Birty liinen. Napoleon T. 
*" U fjiut laver ta linge en femille^** 

^fsaatroiifl Peace (7^«*)» the [ 
1 at Cateau-CambriMii*, by whidi 
» 1 1. renounced all daini to Gcn'oe^ 
^aJjlt«, Mil'ao, aod Corsica (ti>69>. 

Dis'mas, the penitent thii:if ; 
the itti penitent ORe« 

Digney FrofesBor, a chair in the 
Univeraity of Cambridge, ffumded by 
John Disney, Esq., of The Hyde, Ingat*- 
etone, for Archjeiilogy (1851)* 

Biataffi'na, f" ' -i»:bt wife of 

ccoeriU Ilomba.>- axaminoui, 

king of Utopia, , • r '♦hilf e 

crnwn *" if »he woui^i ^^r^itk- -A 

for himself— a tetupution t « 

remitted. When the jfj^inenkl i> uu.. ujiti- 
•etf iUted. he retired from tbe world* Iwng 




«p his boots OD the bnoch of s tree, and 
diirad snj one to remove them. The kin^ 
cut the boots down, and the ^nenu 
cot the king down. Fmboa, coming up 
at this crisis, laid the general prostrate. 
At the close of the burlesqae all the 
dead men jump up and join the dance, 
promising **to die again to-morrow," if 
tiie audience desires it — ^W. B. Rhodes, 
BcmbasUi fStnoto (1790). 

PWDhwoa OMlDMa.b« pot both hudi oa 
•nd rolM im hli «]rw» BBodi atar Um mannor of E 
- - B ■HJbi« low to DiiUfltia— X. SwsMit 

DistafTs Day (Si,), January 7 ; so 
called because the Christmas festivities 
terminate on <* Twelfth Day," and on the 
day following the women used to return 
to their distafis or daily occupations. 

%^ Also called liock Day, because 
" rock *' is another name for a distaff. 

I>iBtaiioe. " *Tis distance lends en- 
diantment to the view." — Campbell, 
PUaswm of Hope^ L (1799). 

DistresaedMother ( 7%^), a tragedy 
by Ambrose Philips (1712). The " dis- 
tressed mother" is Androm'achd, the 
widow of Hector. At the fall of Troy 
she and her son Asty'anax fell to the lot 
of Pyrrhus king of Eplrus, P)'rrhus fell 
in love with her and wished to marry her, 
but she refused him. At length on em- 
bassy from Greece, headed by Orestes, 
son of Agamemnon, was spnt to Epinis 
to demand the death of Astyanax, lest in 
manhood he might seek to avenee his 
father's death. Pyrrhus told Andro- 
mache he would protect her son, and 
defy all Greece, if she would consent to 
marr^ him ; and she yielded. While the 
marriage rites were going on, the Greek 
ambassadors fell on Pyrrhus and mur- 
dered him. As he fell he placed the 
crown on the head of Androniachd. 
who thus became queen of Epirus, and 
the Greeks hastened to their ships in 
flight. This play is an English adaptation 
of Racine's Andromaque (1667). 

Ditchley {Oaffer)^ one of the miners 
employed by sir Geoffrey Peveril. — Sir 
W. Scott, Pevera of the Peak (time, 
Charles II.). 

Dithvramblc Poetry {FatKtr of), 
Anon of Lesbos (fl. B.C. 626). 

Ditton (Thomas), footman of the 
Kev. Mr. Staunton, of Willingham Rec- 
tor>'.— Sir W. Scott, heart of Midlothian 
(time, George II.). 

l^ivan ( ^^), the supreme council and 

court of justice of the caliphs. Ite 
abbassides always sat in person in this 
court to aid in the redress of wrongs. U 
was called ** a divan " from the Mncfaes 
covered with cushions on which the 
members sat.— D'Uerbelot, BMiothiqm 
Orientaie, 298. 

Dive [deev], a demon in Persian 
mythology. In the mognl*s palace at 
Lahore, there used to be several pictures 
of these dives (i ayL), with long horns, 
staring eyes, shagsy hair, great fann, 
ugly paws, lon^ tiuls, and otner horrible 
deformities. I remember seeing tiliem 
exhibited at King's College in one of tiic 
soirees given there after the Indian 

Diver (Coionel), editor of the iV^w 
Tork Rowdy Joumai, in Atnerica. His 
air was that of a man oppressed by a 
sense of his own greatness, and his 
physiognomy was a map of cunning and 
conceit. — C. Dickens, Martin ChuxxlewU 

Di'ves (2 syl.), the name popularly 
given to the "rich man" in our Lord's 

Krable of the rich man and Lazarus ; in 
tin. Dives et Lazarus, — Luke xvi. 

Divide and Qovem, a maxim oi 
Machiavelli of Florence (1469-1627). 

Divi'na Comme'dia, the first poo^u 
of note ever written in the Italian lan- 
guage. It is an epic by Dantd Alighie'ri, 
and is divided into three parts : HelL 
Purgatory, and Paradise. Dant^ called 
it a comedy, because the ending is happy ; 
and his countrymen added the word 
divine from admiration of the poem. The 
poet depicts a vision, in which he is 
conducted, first by Virgil {hwnan reason) 
through hell and purgator}"; and then by 
Heatnce {revclatUm) and finaii/ oy St. 
Pemard through the several heavens, 
where he beholds the Triune God. 

"Hell" is represented as a funnel- 
sbaped hollow, formed of gradually con- 
tracting circles, the lowest and smallest 
of which is the earth's centre. (See Ix- 
FERNO, 1300.) 

"Purgatory" is a mountain rising 
solitarilv from the ocean on that side of 
the earth which is opposite to us. It is 
divided into terraces, and its top is tlia 
terrestrial paradise. (See Puboatobt, 

From this "top" the poet ascendf 
throvgh tlie seven planetary LeaTeDS| 
the fixed stars, and the "primum mobile^" 




to the tmpjn*ma or Met of God. (Sn 

DMSM ( Thf)^ Si* John the erang«Ust, 
t\r pftintcr^ WM called i7 

Lt: I itiiiLh painter, waa 

Irr M r&, a 8|)aDiab poet 

(1&1<; i^W* 
IMTina Doctor (Theu J«m d« 

Divine Speaker ( TSW). Tyf^imoa, 
jnaUy known a^ 'llicobhrmfltoi Cdivine 
apeakcr "), yrm to called by AriatoUe 

DiYine Right of Slings The 
4lOfnna thfit Kifufs r:>tii da no tcrvn^j j« bascid 
en a dictum oi Uincinar archbifihop of 
Kheimit m., that ^- kinoes arc aubjcci to 
tiu oimn •*> ioag^ m they rule ly God*a 
law.**— //incTOar** Hor^, i, (51*3. 

Divining Bod, a forked bnitch of 
hax«U •uapjended Wtweeo tbe ball* el the 
thumbft. The ioclioatton of Ihia rod 
ifkdkiBlct the pimeiiot nC vatar-a|iriagi 

•«• J**_^rjuc* A'^ rn&r of Cfdie waa the 
mtfr' «inen». He lived tn 

Uir -eventecnth century 

iii«tT«Uoiia faculty attnujteo die attention 
ctf Earops. M. Qtauvin, MIV, ami 
M. Gainier, H.D.. pabii-<i 
wfittco aoeoontaof hit woii 

and boUi wee eve-witoe«.4. — 

Bet S. BariskK-Gottld, Mgih* of iJu Mtddh 

Divinity. ^lur pfofcMorii 

cf diriQity at I . And three at 

Oxtt*td, Tho*r Ni '_-u/i.>nk/y* are the 
lluJ'iaaQ, the SUf^rarvt, th**' Norrialani 
and the Heyyrtu*. lliuae at Oxford are 
the Margaret, the Hegitia, and oae for 
Kocleaaaaticai fliitory. 

Divi'no Xiodov'ieo, Ariovto, author 
9f Ofiandt> Ar^aio (1 474-1 5tftf). 

Dixie's liimci^ the laod of mitk and 
btm«y to Auieric*n uiKgera. Dixie w&a 
a ala^ c-h^Uicr yf ManLaUan l«lutul i%hn 
feo»t>%«t( hi^ »luvui in t 
when; ibry hmi t< 
I fare wucve ; *o that Uiey ** vfi- u.w av* 
btstg for tbeir old home, wiudi they 

called ^'IKxie*! I^uid*'* Ima^iaation ami 

diataooc tooo ad fenced tbia laland into m 
ioit of Delectabk Conn try or laad d* 
Bealab. * 

Dixon, aervant to Mr. Blcbard Tett> I 
a syL).^hit W. Scott, Thf Must Dwarf \ 
tlijne, Aooe). 

Disiy, a nicknamft ol Beojaoiia Dl^ 

laeli, carl of Iksacoaafield (180&- )• 

I>)&7>al4 eon of Tonaaof, a tbeikfi^l 
and tav4^ by Mal'ni in tLc unut niissacttil 
cff the aheikbi by Lhi! Kn utUenl 

in th« Spo'radea. Her . enj^tl 

tbia maaMurre, and give. ,.,; .U4..i he tt| 
Hakeem', the incarnate ^od, their foimderif 
redinial to earth to aren^c their wrongtl 
ftnd lead iheiii back to byria. Hi« im*| 
posture being diacovcredf be kills hini« 
aelff hot L.o\i [Xo'.mjI , a yonng: Brefconl 
cotmt, leads' the exilea ba«k to Lebanon. 

Q^tel ta Bakonn. li* IncBrwla Dvw4. 

Djin'ue&tan^ the icAlm of the djina 
or genii of Oriental mytboiogy. 

Dobbin {Cavtaim afterwarda Cotrmft}^ 
aon of sir William Dobbin, a l^nHnn 
tradeaman. Uneonthf awkward, and Ull* 

witT? hui:** feet ; but faithful ond bring, 
' heart antl ! o.e. ap- 

, He i« a I tUow, 

J ,. , :.nd of ajpt;i: ^. j_-bome 

fiocn boyhood to death, and adores Amelia, 
Gorge** wife. When »he baa been a 
widow for mmr: ^ \ he maniea 

her,— Thft4;kfcia\ . (l«4^J. 

T^obbina (7:..,,^ ,. ,/. the oooA- 

1 fcrvant of air Robert Bramble of 

^•erry Hail, ta the county of KKBk%m 

ml old retainer^ moat devotad U> hia 

Under a rooirb exteiior b« 9011- 

oealed a heart brimful of kindiieiia» and 

ao tender that a word would melt it.-* 

(ic<»rge Colman, Jm J^<Mr G^ntletmin 

Dobu'ni, called Bodi/m by Dio ; ibc 
people of Ifloticeatenhire and Oxford* 
abirew Drayton refers to them IB hia 

Fot^tMm, 3CTi. (I6ia), 

Doctor (I7wf), a romaooe by S<-*u- 
thcr. Tbe aoctor^a name ta Dova, aiw* 
hia horae " Kobba.** 

I^tor {The AdiAirabitt)^ Roger Bac a 

iW IkiHcf, Thomas A«^iimas 
<*' filth doctor of ihe Chutch.** 
i 'uT Atutifntm iMxior, Gregoij of 
Rivini («*H»&7J. 

A blunt < 



Tht Dieim Doctor^ Jttai. RnyBbroek 

Tkt JhUoi/luoui Doctor^ Antonio An- 
draM (•-1320). 

The Ecstatio Doctor^ Jean Roysbroek 

Th§ EloqunU Doctor^ Peter Aureolm, 
AicfabUhop of Aix (fourteenth century). 

Tht Evamgelical Doctor, J. WycUiSe 

2%tf Jllummated Doctor. Raymond Lolly 
(1235-1315), or Mo$t EniigfUened Doctor. 

Th€ JfwmabU Doctor, yVilliam Occam 

The Irrefragahle Doctor, Alexander 
Hales (M245). 

Th0 MeilifiuouB Doctor, St. Bernard 

Th0 Mott Christian Doctor, Jean de 
Genon (136^-1429). 

The Most Methodiocd Doctor, John 
Bassol (*-1347). 

The Most Fro/ound Doctor, .fgidius 
de Columna (^-131 6). 

The Most Resolute Doctor, Durand de 
St Pourvain (1267-1332). 

The Perqricuous Doctor, Walter Bur- 
ley (fourteenth century). 

The Profound Doctor, Thomas Brad- 
wardine (•-1349). 

The Schdastic Doctor, Anselm of Laon 

ITie Seraphic Doctor, St. Bonaventnra 

The Singular Doctor, William Occam 

The Solemn Doctor, Henry Goethals 

The Solid Doctor, Richard Middleton 

The Subtle Doctor, Duns Scotus (1265- 
1308), or Most Subtle Doctor, 

The Thorough Doctor, William Varro 
(thirteenth centur^O. 

The Universal Doctor, Alain de Lille 
(11 1 4-1203) ; Thomas AquinaB( 1224-1274). 

The Venerable Doctor, William de 
CSiampeaux (•-1126). 

The Well-founded Doctor, iEgidius 
Romanns (♦-1316). 

The Wise Doctor, John Herman Weasel 

The Wonderful Doctor, Roger Bacon 

Doctors of the Ch\iroh. The 
Oreek Church recognizes four doctors, 
viz., St. AthanftsIoSfSt. Basil, St. Gregory 
of Nrssa, and 8U John Chrysostom. 
The Latin Church recognizes St. Au- 
rostin, St. Jerome, St. Ambrose, and 
St. Gregory the Gr§at, 

(For all other doctors, sat vadv Qm 
proper name or nickname.) 

Doctor's Tale {The), in Ghaiicfli*k 

Canterbury Tales, is the Roman story of 
Yirginius given by Livv. This stonr is 
told in French in the Roman de la Bom, 
ii. 74, and by Gower in his Confetmo 
Amantis, vii. It has furnished the subject 
of a host of tragedies : for example, in 
French, Mair^t (1628): Lecleie (1645) ; 
Campestron (1683) ; Chabanon (1769) { 
Laharpe(1786) ; LeblancdeGuillet(1786); 
Guiraud (1827) ; Utour St. Ybars (1845). 
In Itaiian, Alfieri (1784); in German, 
Lessing (1775) : and m English, Knowlea 

Doctor's Wife {The], a norel by 
Miss Braddon, adapted from Madan^ 
Bocary, a French novel. 

Dodger {The Artful), the sobriquet 
of Jack Dawkins, an artful, thievish 
young scamp, in the boy crew of Fagin 
the Jew vilUin.— C. Dickens, Oliter 2\oMt, 
viU. (1837). 

DodinKton^ whom Thomson in- 
vokes in his Summer, is George Bnbb 
Dodington, lord Melcomb-Regis, a British 
statesman. Churchill and Pope ridiculed 
him, while Hogarth introduced him in 
his picture called the ** Orders of Peri« 

Dodlpoll (Dr,), any man of weak 
intellect, a dotard. Hence the proverb, 
Wise as Dr, Dodipoll, meaning ** not wise 
at all." 

Dodman or Doddiman. A snail 
is so called in the eastern counties. 

" I'm • ragiiUr dodman. I am." nid Mr. Feggattf—iif 
which h0 ntant "anaU."— C Dickaoa, ikNttd C c pj mm 
JUid, tlL {l»iSU 

Doddiman, doddiman, pat oat joar hanm. 
For berv comet a thief to steal your eonu. 

CtMnmon Popular Rhjfm* <m NorftIB 

Dodon or rather Dodoens {Renr- 
bert), a Dutch botanist (1617-1686). phy- 
sician to the emperors Maximilian II. and 
Rodolph II. His works are Fr%unentor%un 
et Leguininum Ilistoriu ; Florum Bistoria ; 
PuTijantium Radicumet Herbarum Bistoria; 
Stirpium Bistoria ; all included under 
the general title of "The History of 

Of thme moct belpftal h«rlM rrt tstl wv but a km. 
To ihow unnumbertd wrta. of slmplM h«i« that gnv. 
Which iiutljr to Mtdowii e'en Dudon ahort doth fall 
Drajrtou. /*DlyWMo«, lill. (ISISK 

Dodo'na (in Kpiros), famous for the 
most ancient omcle m Greece. The 

responses were made by an old 

called a pigeon, because thf Greek wofi 


wAbp mcAM cither 

pigeons cT>dnt*r 


wow CO 

t^^ DOG, 

f DoeiF^ SmiI'i berdraiMi, who t«ld hiM 
> food t whereupon the Vinjp 

■potiBai ir 

derived L 
the HAirn 


pricateM of Dodona 

- -^ the cooing of 

T^iiin^ of the 

: uf die Bftered 

lUlin^ of bdb or 

; Gnd^Kl iiiuoog Hut 


I>od« (i/^7). lARdliidy of the CljiehAn 

or ilowtery -Armt inn a! SL Tkr.nufi'^ Old 

Town. *rbe inn w?r -«, 

ftod Meg Dodfl mi en* ! v, 

but her wi*^— ''■ '^ - rie 

eicellcbt >c 


■t W^ I |« 

f e wM LhU ercmtnc 




it Mrs* Johoftone, a 

Bodaon, a v. inn 
by l>ailh on I 
told htm h« niii 
with him. •' 
hu^Uuxl cried 
|»rr^*redr' 1' 
would not dipi 
caII afiiiD after 
iutfm. When he 
caflnl 44;nin« 
Utxlfcon cried . 
Ch»t ■« br 
h* bftd re< 
Thrmle [I'lu^ij, 

Dorlson 0^ 'i. iwo 



Mill of 

Doe (jTriAn'l fttid iiieht$rt4 Ht*r, th« fle- 
lltioo* ptmititiff And d«tf>ndNitit in »o m> 
Ifon of #J«eU&fiiit Men i>f «tf aw. 


14 CAlieU i^*^«l7i 
Drydcn with hij 
bcfdflittui or dfittt 

I>oe iAjrippa*$\ Cornelius A^^ppAi 
hmd m dog whicii wji« je^enerally •aape.'ied 
of t>eiDg a spirit iDcainate. 

IkMji of Helfroiif^ the camp nuttier. 
wa« x}jiined "CJuniney." 

LmrdByron*aI> "' 
buriod ta lhenr>: 

a ljii>-do£;. 

CuthtJ/m*s Dwj was named ** 1 
swiftr-ffioied hotindt 

Dorvtt Doff, •* Jip/'~C. Diekcsia, ikmi 

mwiini* Dog, ^'Luffrft.**— Zadfy«/M# 

Erihnrii A ; was **M«W.'* EfigOfli 

is Lhr n Tirj^, aiid Moen lh« 

if Gervon), 


rtliri>s," Ti 

rw#, but it )i^.. vj>. »^t> 

hudjit iiercultas lulled b&th of Oieryoo's 


it wn-- 1, fSec GltTJfWT.i 

/>w.i ,.-..,./„ :, /Jv>; was named **Mastisr , 

M^ijmth/' fTom ao oq^Jian boy 

p*n^-d it. This dog won Lbri^f Wkfrrlrml 

'lad WM presented at > « 

- desire of queen Victr r / 

it diedu It was a ■;>' ; ^ ,. .. 

: Cbom 1806, died OirtstoiaA Dav, 

^' " SiMo,**— Stenit, &n<fr_ 

'7ti, This WM « 
namcil ' DmguQ^" :jrton«^t>^ to Atjhri 
MtiOtdtilier, % cafttain to'the Fn 


•miT. Aubri WM miirdered in the forest 
«f Bpndy by his friend, lieuienant 
Maeufe, in the Mtme regimeot. After ita 
iDMter'B death, the do^ thowcd such a 
ftrang« aversion to Macaire, that suspicion 
waa aransed a^nst him. Some say he 
was pitted asainst the dog, and confessed 
the'crime. Others say a sash was loond 
on him, and the sword-knot was recog- 
nized by UrsuUas her own work and gift 
to Aubri. This Macaire then confessed 
the crime, and his accomplice, lieutenant 
Landry, trj-ing to escape, was seized by 
the dog and bitten to death. This story 
has been dramatized both in French and 

0rian*8 Dogs; one was named "Are- 
toph'onos " and the other ** Pto-ophagos." 

Punch's Dog, "Toby." 

Sir W. Scott* s Dogs. His deer-hound 
was " Maida.'* His jet-bhick greyhound 
was " Hamlet." He had also two Dandy 
Dinmont terriers. 

Dog of the Seven Sleepers, " Katmir." 
It spoke with a human voice. 

In Sleary's circus, the performing dog 
te called *' Merry leys." — C. Dickens, 
Hard Times. 

(For Act«on*s fifty dogs, see Dictionary 
of Phrase and Fable, 234.) 

Dog. The famous mount St. Bernard 
dog which saved fortv human beings, was 
named **Barrj'." The stuffed skin of 
this noble creature is preserved in the 
museum at Berne. 

Dog (The), Diog«n^ the cynic (b.c. 
412-823). When Alexander encountered 
him, the young Macedonian king intro- 
duced himself with the words, ** 1 am 
Alexander, sumamed *■ the Great.* " To 
which the philosopher replied, "And I 
am Diogen^, sumamed *the Dog.'" The 
Athenians raised to his memor>' a pillar 
of Parian marble, surmounted with a dog, 
and b^iring the following inscription : — 

** Saj. doc, whKt guard roa in dut tomb f " 
▲ d(-» "Hlirauiwt'* DkvBiite. "From fart" 

SindpS. "He who DMdaa tub hk borne t" 
TlM aun* ; now deMl. unoog U>e aun • itar. 

Dog {The Thradan), Zollns the gram- 
marian ; so called for his snarline, captious 
eriticisms on Homer, Plato, and Iso'crat^s. 
He was contemporary with Philip of 

I>Off*8 Nose, gin and beer. 
Cold as a dog*s nose, 

Ibcre qmniff • lenk In NoMb't ark, 
* Wbleh nuide the Juk beicin to bvk | 

Noah took hU not* to stup the hola. 
Awl bMio« hit now If alwajr* enld. 

#•(«* and qturtet. FebniMOr i, ISX 

161 DOILET. 

Dog^ were supposed by the andeDl 
Gaels to be sensible of their masten' 
death, however far they might be lep*- 

The mother of Colmtn remalaa In the hall ... Mi 
dofi are bowUng In UmIt plaee. . . . "Art Umu MIm. 
my fair-hairad aoo. in bia'a dhoial «a " ' 

Dogs. The two sisters of Zobei'dd (8 
syl.) were turned into little black dogs 
for casting Zobeidg and "the prince** into 
the sea. (See Zobbide.) 

Dogs of War, Famine, Sword, and 

Than aheuld the warlike Harrr. 11 
i; anoat 

the port of Man ; 

i In like boonda. il 

Crouch for employmeiit 

■wkeapean^ Mine JTenry T. I dbimm (UMU. 

Dog-heculed Tribes (of India). 
mentioned in the Italian romance off 
GverCno Ateschi'no, 

Dog-rose (Greek, kuno-rodon), 8^ 
called because it was supposed toouretfao 
bite of mad dogs. 

A moral rero [i.«. 9/ a mad d9g\ onkinn reoMdlMI 
oraculo quodam nuper repertum. radix qrlTaatila roMi 
qua [nunc I cyMorrAodot appeUatur.— Pliny. MUt, JTmt., 
riil. 03 : «w alao UT. S. 

Dogberry and Verges, two ig- 
norant conceited constables, who greatiy 
mutilate their words. Dogberry calls 
" assembly " disscmbly ; " treason ** no 
calls perjury; "calumny" be calls 6«r- 
glary ; " condemnation," redemption ; 
" rcapect," suspect. When Conrade says, 
" Away ! you are an ass;" Dogberry tells 
the town clerk to write him down "aa 
ass." "Masters," he says to the officials, 
"remember I am an ass." "Oh that I 
had been writ down an ass ! " Tact iv. sc. 2). 
— Shakespeare, Much Ado abuut Nothing 

Dogeet, wardour at the castle of 
Garde Dolou reuse.— Sir W. Scott, TJm 
Betrothed (Ume, Henry II.). 

Dog^et's Coat and Badge, the 

great prize in the lliames rowing-mitch, 
given on the 1 st of Augiist every year. So 
called from Thomas Doggct, an actor of 
Drury Lane, who signalized the accession of 
George I. to the throne by giving annually 
a waterman's coat and bad^e to Uie 
winner of the race. The Fishmongers* 
Company add a guinea to the prize. 

Doiley {Abraham), a citizen %nd i^ 
tired slop-seller. lie was a charity boy, 
wholly without education, but made 
£80,000 in trade, and is determined to tiava 
"a lamed skollard for his son-in-law*" 




H# fpcskt of jomtry [geometrr], fokiate, 

tey iocU>t* ; Ulkiof ^brof K 

OIL, ' ved to JQdg« Wtwoca tiie 

jiTut {I of An Ujtford pedant 

a'll L 1 the Ajrmy« ho geU both 

f i;. . nrfoce him. Gradut, tb« 

♦. I r ,. two linn of Greeks in 

ivhh I ' i yanta pceun four tSrnea. 

•* Ta: ric* the old d©p-«eller; 

'' v> < ihjm upon mo. 1 know 

■ek." The cAptAin triet 
.mtl when Gndiu m&iii- 
wiia Jii;n wit worda *re En^lUh, '* Out 
uron yoQ fnr ft JAt^kunap*^" cnes th^ 
old mnn : "?*'' if I dint koow my own 
mcitJx ftiid ^vw hift rtf^ict in 

fjif<' , Lftio. 

■lo{>-st^iit!r, m i 
8hc ftnd her ci> j 

Oscford ftCboJ^r to Ht^s^ iitce a rJK^.Iii 10 

pkftAft the Iftditt. By in di>\ng be dtft* 
Ipitft tht old mAzi, who excUimft^ "Oh 
U«t ] ibottid ever have been luch ft dolt 
■ft to «ftk« thee for « mftn of Uraeo* { " So 
th««aptftin wint the rft«e ftt ft cftater. — 
Itnu Cowlcj, Wh/» tAi Dupef 

DoU C , 

Itii^fi w; :be 

Fftce hij ri tifeoa, J^ 


Ma. rrtidart nni-lTVlKoU DM froa **Mr It^ 

Boll Tearaheet, ft ** bonft-fob*.*' 

]ia«iMi of ft tft% ^- 

r the deftth of ft n y 

ftjuj j't^uil hftd beftteii* — Muik;e«^H^Are, 

t fimry IV. (1698), 

DoUmUolla {(hm^), wif« of king 
jbthur, Twy fond of »t4ff punch, hut 
•corittQg **nilgiu- iiM of brandy, ^n, 
ftnd nim.* She ii u« enemy of Tom 
Thumb, ftod oDpotfCft his marrifti^e with 
hev dftughtcr Huocftraancft; hut when 
Ko<mU« ftonoiinc«ft thftt the red eow hJia 
dftTotired the pigmy giftni-qtifUer, ahe 
kilU tbft fne«8«ti|:«r for his i\\ ladingp, 
and ifth«r«etf kiUed by FrizftlettA. Qumd 
PollftlloUft it joftlooft of the iLfiftnt^'** 
Glundfttcft, ftt whom hit r^ 
•• fthe«p*« eyes.'* — Tt^^ Tkuii. 
t3i« novotin (1730). ftltered ur <./ ii«<b, 
r of JlitM (I77«), 


THm Mid. dba fpaOr Wltb m ttnci* rich 

Boll* Miurear. % chftiikiteap In 
Ctobba'te Aroii^A, who died plftyw^ 


Dolly of tbe Chop-booMT 
(Qii^eo'ft Heftd Pas«ft«re, Pftt*rnn«t<r Rnw 
ftnd Kewfnitc Street. t..oDdon). Il«rcct^- 
brity ftrose from the txeftUmcy of I 
provintfiTi*, fttt^Midaoce, ram 
ftnd seri-ice. The name b tfiftl of lb» < 
eiKik of the estftblishmeiiL 

Dolly TniXL Captftin 
Bftyi «he waft *' so tftkeo np with fttftftling 
bc«rii^ she left herself no tiine b> sliBftl 
Koylhin^ else." — Gfty, 7jUi^;y«ir'f C^pms, 
U. 1 (1727). 

Dolly Varden. dftogJiter of Gftbhel 
^'--^~Ti, locksmith. Sh« was laved to 
tioQ by Joe Willet, Ho^b of th# 
"Ic ioiL, ftad Simon Tftppertit. 
Dvliy dressed in the Wftttrftii ttylp, and 
was tivelv, pretty, and bewitching. — C 
Dickens, 'B^n-wiby B^je (1841). 

Dolman, a light-blue looae^fitttug 
lacktt^ braided ftcrois the front with 
black lilk frog», ftnd embroidered from 
the caffs ftl roost to the shoo Men with 
^Id tftce of three rows mterwoven. It i 
Uftfid ftft the summer jacket of the 
genao natiTe troops. The winter jack 
u oiUed a ** pelisse.^ 

Dol'oi]^ "ft man of subtle wit and 
wicked mind*** father of (luisor (f~»— - 
of Pnllent^ the Saracen, lord of ^ 
lous liri<l^ "), Sir Ar^tefcal^ with \ 
ceremony, knocks the life ont of Gnixof^ 
for tlemanding of him " pftftssge-penny f 
for crossing the bridge, boon afterward% 
Brit^ooiart and Taloft rent in Dolun's 
eastle for the night, and Dolon, misUk- 
tng Itritom&rt for sir Artegal, seta upon 
her in the middle of the night, but ia 
ovemuatered. He now runs with his two 
Aiirviring sons to the bridge, to prevent 
the p«esa|;e of Hritomart and Talus | but' 
Untomart runs one of them through w'^*^ 
her spear, and knoeka the other into i 
river,— Spenser, FiMfry Qwten^ v. 6 ( 15^ 

DoVon and tnywiiea. t>oIon imde 

IftftM to enter the Greek camp and bn 

i>«ck to Hector an exact a^ooont 

hing. Accordingly he pnt OQ 

- flkin and prowled ab^jut the camp 

oo »il fours. U lysses saw • « 

dtsgm9«. ami said to Diom* r\ 

man in f mffi Ihn h>M ♦ , . ^'■ 

pasft a few paces, and thea ptmnen on hits 

nnsjipectadiy/' They soon caught the 



fcUow. and bmvinjr^ ^^ pumped" out of 
bim all about tbp Tmjui plani^ and Che 
ArriTAl of Kb«iiu, Diomed wpotc bim 
with hu futlchiOD on tfav mid-Deck and 
•kw him. Hiis U the lubject of bk. z, 
•f thfi Iliad^ wad thorefore thk book la 
ctJJ«d "Dolutik" C'tbe dc«d« erf 
Mott "*) dGt ^^ DAlophon'U " { ' ' DoIod'i 
«iDid«r "). 

FttU of «nniii(. Iflu mttm^ vfaM:* 

Polop^toSf the Sicilkn kmgt ^^o 
plmcfid hu eon Lncien under the Gii&r^i^ 
of '* Kven wiM ma&ttn.'' When j^rown 
to mmns eetate, Lucicn'i ptt^p-moUier 
■uid« impTopef advance! to him, which 
he f^puIs^hIt And alie ac^'used him to thu 
king of jutiultinf ber. By afitrology tbe 
^rincB diRcoven^ that if he could tide over 
MVtn dayi hii life would be «aved| so 
the wbe mufiiterB arnuj^d the king with 
mrttt taJire, and the king reienttd. Tb« 
tuinec him^lf Oicn told a tale which 
rmbodied hia own history' ; the eye* of the 
king were opetied^ and the qaeea' was con - 
demnfsd to death. — Sandiwar'M FfxrobUA 
(F'tacb Tflrdon), 

Doinbey (ifr,), a paiBO-proud, lelf- 
cootftined Lojidon merchant,, liviag in 
Forttand Place, HrynnslnTie Sf^iiare, wirh 
eSlee* m the City«' Ilia god waji wealth ; 
and bis nne tiuibitiDn wj^s to have a son^ 
that the firm might be known a* *' Doni- 
bey and Son*" When Paul waa born» 
h)< ambitioa waj atta'^edj bli whole 
heart vat in the boy^ and the Iosb of the 
mother waa but a aniall malted This 
boy 'a death taitied bb hwrt to atone, 
and he treated bis rlmiirbl^r Mi^mnce not 
Qfdy wiOi utter indiflferencet but aa an 
■cttial interloper. Mr. Doaibey raamed 
a, aecood tiu^e, btil his wife elopi;d with 
hia manager, JameA CarkeTi and tJie proud 
•ftirit of the mcrduint waa brought low. 

Pmd Dtrntbei^^ sou of Mr, Douibey ; a 
dcli^ie, ienaitjrc little boy^ quite un- 
cqibial to the jt^rcat thJQjit 6X|«ct^d of him. 
H< waa eoni to Dr. iiJimber'a achoo), but 
ioon ^ie way uodet the itimiii of ■chool 
diMJ|iiiae. in his abort life he won the 
loi?^ of all who kiww him^ and hit aidlf r 
>1oreri£« WAi e*|iei^ial1y attached to him« 
1 1 i# death ia buiUtif ully tcrld. During bit 
la*t day* he wai baufited hv the aea^ atid 
wa« aJwaya wnndcriog what the wild 
waved wfCH ^vtni;. 

Fhrfnofi Pcfmbftft Mr» Bombey'i 
daughter; a pretty » ami*b]ei mother* 
le#L child, who incurred hei father's 
hat2«d becMiwt «be Iti^ed and thiived 

whllfl ber yoiin^^r biothei Piaiil dwindled 
and died* J^lorcnee hungered to be 
loved, but h^r father had no love to 
beitow on her. She married Walter Gav, 
and when Mr* Dombej was broken in 
ipint by the elopement of his second 
wife, hu ^randchiidren were the solace 
of hie old m^. — C^ Dickens, Dombey and 
Son {IMG), 

Poin-Damel ori^rbuiij meant a 
public aichool for magic, established el 
Tunia ^ but what la i^erally understood 
by the word ia that immense establish* 
mentj near Tunts, under the "roots of 
the ocean," eatabUihed by Hal-il-Man'- 
gmbyj and completed by his son. There 
wcr^ forar entranpf^a ui it, each of which had 
a ataJn^ai»e of AWii Meps ; and magicians, 
gnomei, aud ftort^erers of every sort were 
expected to do homage there at least 
once a year to ZatAnai [Satanl. Dom- 
Daniel was utterly destroyed by prince 
Habed-il-RoumfiQi' eon of the cidiuh of 
Syria. — Cvniinviiiwn of the Arabkm Sights 
{^* If iati^ry of Mau|;mby "). 

South ey ba4 nmtle Uie destruction of 
I>oin-l>aaie] the lubjectof his T^aiabct— 
in fact, Thalnba takes the office of 
Habed-il-Uoitman ; but the general inci- 
denti of the two tales have no other 
resemblance to isach other. 

Bomeatics Poultry, in Dryden's 
tfirid aiid FQjUh€r^ mean the Koman 
Catholic clergy ; ao called &om an estab- 
lifhment of pnests In the private chapel of 
Wbiteh&ll. The nutis are termed "sister 
parttet with the hocNled head " (1687). 

I>Oin1nick^ the "Spanish fryar,** a 
kJud of feoclciiiaatical Falstaff. A most 
immoralf lieenuoua dominican. who for 
money mould |itoalitute even the Church 
and Holjr Scnpturee. Dominick helped 
I^renzo in hi a amour with £lvi'ra the 
wife of Gome2. 

KMitiflmaa . . . bte CBOO^ 

I blin,Uk«ab«rbltisar: Md 
UifOiiJM iftrr It. N«tp«r «m nch a 
MID uT dcTUtkKi miL Pr^dit. Tk» apmmHk /Vyar.lL S 

Dom'inja Stekan (corruption of 

iJamintts iet^tn, ^* tlit; Lord oe witn thee"). 
^ witcbT bdofc Asked bow she contrived to 
kill all the children of a certain family in 
infancy, replied, ** Ensily enough. Wnen 
the infant aaeeKet, nobody says *Domine 
atekao," aud then 1 become mistress ol 
the child/'— Kev, W. Webster, Batqm 

Domitild SaiD^iBon ; his Christian 
DAme ii Abd* Ue u the tutor at ISllaa* 

14( tHiUj vaJki Hi i.^1. 




fowftn l\tmnt^ Terr |)Oor, vtrj modcft« 
iBd cmmm«d wtih iJktm oaoUtiotu. f I u 

Dnvt'nJr fc»n-t"»«n 

k • fim», mia^t*^^ ♦nMoib* wOuOmr, 
(itfTwtltfi Ifc* ttttali*^^ bat hUut Iv 

old fancies 

hiui , He i*, 

bowc^^r^ m. rviiliv imUtriil rvUunrr of the 
faroilv.— Th. Uolcruft, T/*e Ikaf and 

Dotnitian a Marksm&zi* Tbe 

< Lf * bi>^ At A good 
' I't iifo hi» hjind And 


di»! ' 

Atri ... 1^ 

thio< - '1- 

ing I' iiLj 

llnccer«» (ii*ie Ikli^ {»i u^&f^y ftiniiUr 
SArkfliitett,) — PeAcbAcn, Cawnidfi^ GeniU- 
mm (1617). 

Bomlxlm, a Dobl« tAdy of Flurenc^, 

matJv eft 

Fondo Aiv : 

Don Alphonso, ion of » ricH T>Aiik«r. 
In love Willi VieturiA, th« dAught«riif dc^ 
Seipio ; but TtctoriA mAmcs doa Fcr^ 
Bttido. LorcDZAf'wfao went by tbe luiiie 
«f Tictorim for a time. And if the penott 
don AljihoiisQ iric«nt to oiArn', apamci 
dim CMAr.-<»'K««fe, C<utU 0/ AndUmma. 

*m* for othef doat, tee under the tiir- 

ZtaMClia dhu na I>unai^h, the 
ff ighknd rvlibcr tirtir RoseticAtlK— Sir U% 
Scott, M*ttri of MtdMhiam (Uiiie» (ivor^ 

Donald, Ihe Scotch rtewiird of Mr. 
Mofdeot Hon«At« pUlb-^. 
fal, md imillAchioig hi hi 
crorft TV DtMritd Jktu^ ,,. _ 

liiu» 3%r Sittfiftmf). 

i)cmatd, in nirf dr.n> Otitic of MACJIiilAy, 
tbc^ Scott, X«Miid 

Donald ol Uti© Hammer, won of 
file Mrd of ImremAbyU of the W^t 
HiirhlAiidA of doodtttid. ^lien GrMn 
Ootra ifcinrinAted the Uurd adi) hb booAe- 
^old, Ihe mimni DonAla t»u Mved by hit 

foAtfr TTurdw bTooght nfi 

by htf ijii- i :.. t. L 

came eo b1 r 

hotira with I '1 

hAnd, Aad v' « 
Ord, Wb^ 

A few Adbei4..... .,^. . I........ :..,,... „i,U 

riew bim^ br wbich meAiu bt reeovered 
hi* pAteroA] iiihentADc«, 

PUM 1^ "111 ri 1^11 mft wif niry ipil r^iiiii^ 

Donju*, nmo ai Thor. the god of 
thunder Aioong the Ancient Ttixtnn*. 

Donation of FopLn. Wlien PiKpin 

copquered AUuIf (Adol|ibni)p the ex- 
ArcHAte of RAvennA fell into hli hAodt, 
PcLiin g«re the ijope both the ex-«rchAte 
end the republic of Rome ; And thm 
mimificcnt ^ft \m the world -fAnaoiie 
*♦ UouAtion of Pepin," 00 which rtjifced 
the whole fAbric of the temp<»nU power of 
the popea (a.d. 765). Victor Kmo^Annd, 
king of Itnly, dijpoMewed the i^K^pe of 
hit tcmpond lovereignt^, And Added the 

IwipAJ stAtee to the united kin^om of 
i*Jy» over which he rei^nied (I8i0), 

Dondaach', nn OrientAl giAnl, coo- 
tempomry with $«th, to whose lervice he 
wsA AtUched. He needed no wenponi, 
beduse be could dealioy mything by hiA 
muAcuUr force. 

Don^ogild (3 Jiyr.)| the wicked mother 
of AIIa king of NorthumberU»d. Hnling 
CustAnoe bccsnse ehe wa4 a ChristiAn, 
Ti-^„,:t I ,p^ ijgr .^jrift with her infAnt 
AIIa returned frooi ScoUAnd, 
r 'fHi thi" let of rftjrJtr, h<* pnt 

tttvrwusiiy, — thftocer^ Otntrrtmry laim 
(** Tbe Mau of Uw'i TaIc/* 1S88J* 

Don'et, the first jZTAniniAr put into 
the hkadA of ftcholitrA* it wai tliAt of 
^ "/ttia the iiJftxninAriAn, who tAiOj^t 
me in the fourth century » end was 
f»rec<»ptor of St. Jerome* HT>ea 
'*GrAiiode Amour ** wm sent to sluiiy 
under Udy Gmmei^ ebe tAu^bt him, aa 


Donl'oo, only child of the Intd of 
ArHkinlow (ah etdcrly mun). Vounc: 
Eb'erfaArd loved bcr, nnd the Finfimh 
mnideo waa betrothed to him. WmllLinff 
ijot evening by the UkA, Do&tcn hoAcd 




Am loaiid of the dcftth-flpeetre, and 1*11 
lifelem in the Arms of her lover. Presently 
the demd maiden received s sapematoral 
Titalitj, but her cheeks were wan, her 
lips livid, her eyes lostreless, and her 
lap-dog howled when it saw her. Eber- 
bard still resolved to marry her. and to 
ohurch they went; bat when he took 
Donica's hand into his own it was cold 
and clammy, the demon fled from her, 
ttDd tifee body dropped a corpse at the feet 
«f tiM bridegroom. — B. Sonthey, Donioa 
i% Finnish ballad). 

•Donnerhu'gel (Rudolph) ^ one of the 
BwiM depnties to Charles **the Bold," 
dnke of Borgondy. He is cousin of the 
sons of Arnold Biederman the landam- 
man of Unterwalden {alias count Arnold 
of Geierstein). 

Theodore Dotmerhugelj uncle of Ru- 
dolph. He was pa^e to the former baron 
of Amheim \^AmJame]. — Sir W. Scott, 
Amm of Otierstein (time, Bdward lY.). 

I>o'mr, Florimel*s dwarf. — Spenser, 
Fairy Queen, iii. 5 and iv. 2 (1590, 1696). 

Donael del Fe'bo (£1), the hUght 
of the ntn, a Spanish romance in The 
Mirror of Knighthood, He was **most 
excellently fair," and a "great wanderer ; " 
hence he is alluded to as "that wander- 
ing knight so fair." 

Doolin of Mayence (2 syl.), the 
hero and title of an old French romance 
of chivalry. He was ancestor of O^er 
the Dane. His sword was called Mar- 
veilleuse ("wonderful"). 

Doomsday Sedgwick, William 
Sedgwick, a fanatical " prophet " during 
the Commonwealth. He pretended that 
the time of doomsday had been revealed 
to him in a vision ; and, coing into the 
garden of sir Francis KusselT^ he denounced 
a party of eentlemen playing at bowls, 
and bade uiem prepare for the day of 
doom, which was at hand. 

Doorxn, an earl who tried to make 
Enid his handmaid, and " smote her on 
the cheek " because she would not wel- 
come him. Whereupon her husband, 
count Geraint, started up and slew 
the "russet-bearded earl.* ^—Tennyson, 
Uylle of the Kiny (»' Enid "). 

Door-Opener (The), Crates, the 
Theban ; so called because he used to go 
round Athens early of a morning, and 
rebuke the people for their late rising. 

Dora [Spenlow], a [)retty, warm- 


bearttd little doll of a woman, with no 
practical views of the duties of life or the 
value of money. She was the "child- 
wife " of David Copperfield, and loved to 
sit by him and hold his pens while he 
wrote. She died,- and David then mar- 
ried Agnes Wickfield. Dora's great pet 
was a dog called " Jip," which died at the 
same time as its mistress. — C Dickens, 
David Copper-field (1849). 

Dora'do (El), a land of exhanstlcss 
wealth; a golden illusion. Orella'na, 
lieutenant of Pizarro, asserted that he had 
discovered a " gold country " between the 
Orino'co and the Am'azon, in South 
America. Sir Walter Raleigh twice visited 
Guia'na as the spot indicated, and pub- 
lished highly coloured accounts of its 
enormous wodth. 

Dorali'oe (4 syl.), a lady beloved by 
Rodomont, but who married Mandn- 
cardo.^Ariosto, Orlando FuHoso (1516). 

Dor'alis, the lady-love of Rodomont 
ling of Sana or Alters. She eloped 
wim Mandricardo king of Tartary. — 
Bojardo, Orlando Innanwrato (1495) ; and 
Anosto, Orlando Furioso (1516). 

Dorante (2 sy/.), a name introduced 
into three of Moli^re's comedies. In Les 
Facheux he is a courtier devoted to the 
chase (1661 ). In Za Cntiqve de Vicole dee 
Fcmmea he is a chevalier (1662), In Le 
Bourgeois Gentilhomme he is a count in 
love with the marchioness Dorim^ne 

Doras'tUB and Faunia, the hero and 
heroine of a popular romance by Robert 
Greene, published in 1588, under the title 
of Panaosto and the Triumph of Time, 
On this " histon' " Shakespeare founded 
his Winter's Tale, 

Whr. dr Winiam. It ta • rananc*.* norel. • tijmmatm 
hlstof7 by hiUf Uuui the lorn of Donuitus and rwinliL— 
II. BlckenUff. £om tn m ruiagt. 111. L 

Dorax, the assumed name of don 
Alonzo of Alcazar, when he deserted 
Sebastian king of Portugal, turned rene- 
gade, and joined the emperor of Barbary. 
The cause of his desertion was that Sebas- 
tian gave to Henri 'quez the lady betrothed 
to Alonzo. Her name was Violanta 
(4 syl,). The quarrel between Sebastian 
and Dorax is a masterly copy of the 
quarrel and reconciliation between Brntoa 
and Cassiusin Shakespeare's yu/tus Cmmtr, 

Uke " Dorax " lo the pUjr. I m\ 
■vaUlag ia«rt.~-«ir W. Scott. 

This quotation is not exact. It < 
in the "quarrel." Sebastian saya tA 



"Confan, Drcmd fpint, th^t 
bcttir li« (BtntmeM] dcnervai my lore 
lliBU thi>m* To ihii Doimx nylim i 

fm, t mum tnnt. tm vtf b a fatiaM 
V«»««Hi fa*« nMT km vtlft ■>!»« J 

Doreaa» flerrmiit to nuire In^ldubjr. 
•4Sir W. Scott, fi«di|7inn</rl (Cinie, George 

i>ariro«, on old doni«jitio ol Cniniior 

P1o<>«.--AVfit7irnrfA (time, Eliiftbctb). 

DoroftA SoeietT, » •ocietyfor top- 

plyit .* ti- i-^^^r witfl clothiog; to oollcd 
fh'i ' hu '* oitde elutb«o for Ui« 

|)o< ^-d m vlcii ix. 9y« 

I>oriA D'lstria, * pteudoojin of the 
Doric Land, Grctoe, of whidi Doris 

Doric Beed. pottory poetry, vimpkt 
■ad tmonMbincatcd poolrj * to colled becjuitt 
cvefTtliiii^ iVjrie wot re<ii»rli*ble for Ua 
' ^ I iiniplicity. 

Doriootirt, titt ^amjf of Letitio 
Hardy, A i&an of tne world and the 
t^t of tho Loodon aeoton, bf ic^ bow* 
rrer^ bttih o ^c^ticmfto «Lnd t mon of 
btmoor. He b»d msUe the " ^rmcid tcmr," 
and coTi«(idered Ejwiifih bcAutiet iotifvid, 
—Mm. Cowlcv, The Jiettt't Sirut^^^m 

I>o*ridon, • lovr-lv t^Aln, oocure*! 
**clikfcf<t ^ul than 

Kofcuou^v .— VVm. 

llfVWDCV L.'.,. -, , y .„..., ,..- , l*pi;|). 

Do'rigen^ o lody of bij^b HmU^, wbo 

liife] >: 
entice hrr 

oo». " An- 

» FnokUn^i iWe," lasS), 

j(Tluji it mbitAotiAUj tho ^^ 

Gftccio't tAlfl of Jjiatuma gmd GUb^rtOk 
x« £. See DiAXOBA.) 

Hor'iinant, » genteel, witty boertine. 
The onpool of thit cbArscler waj the earl 
of Rocbcoter.— O. Ktherege^ The Man of 
Mitdt or Br Foplmj fXistUr \ lo7i>}. 
_Tfc« ilmrtwiifc wrt awl>4rta^wMtfklBllMlr«Bt 
•ppal 1o It •H—C UbIl 

(The **Udv Touchwood- m Coogrvrv^i 
D&nbU Deafer, not the "\m4y Franda 
Toochw(H>4" m Mra. CowWo B^i^M 
Stntthjemi which it qoito oootbo dio^ 

Dor'im&ne (3 iy/.), d^ugbter of Al* 
ouilor, K-lnvrd by h)^nAfel)e (3 fy/.) uid 
Lvr«»t« <* *y/.). She loved "• le jeti, lea 
visitet, let Mseoiblc^, 1^ ctdo&ux, et lei 
promenAdei, en lui mot toutet le choiei 
de pljiiair," and wiihed to mtrry to cet 
free from the traoimelji of her huote. blui 
uyt to Sipu&relle {% mt» ( f t^), whom 
the prootito to lUArry, '* SVut n'mtumm 
J4m&i« nurim i). m«Jc eoteitiMe j et je IM 
TODS I point dtni vo« tction% 

comr.t. ,iie Toat me m< oofitrmia- 

dm |H>ini (J&na let mteano.*^-- lloiijbic^ 
Li Maria, ft Forc^iimi). 

(8be bud Vieen tntrodi}«cd preriotuly w 
tbe wife of S^omrelle^ in the eoir«iy of 
Lt Qxu Inu^t/tnaire, IW},} 

Ikrimine^ the nuurJiiOQettt in the Bcm^ 
ifeoa OerUiiAoinmef by Moliere (HTO), 

I>orin'dJ^ the cb«nniii|r dAU|^t« of 
Udx Bountiful ; id lore with AitawelL 
She w«j tprigbtly mad Ugbt^heorted, boi 
good ftnd vir^ooo lUto.^-ifeonirt Fai«» 
quhtr, r^ £iMwr* atnttutf^m (1707). 

' ' ''UritiXte 

:>« the 

1 i -..i ^. ..V. .;- i'Aitb- 

fQJly»— Molaere, Le I'lrtu^e (10«4), 

T)*Omie*n- primw niiMijfttef of Vietof 

Q tnd 

f S«r- 

111 i-ue kin^ 

f' tortunto«| 

vFt« marked 

vut!j ..:iuii\; nuiuiiity 'i ■ '■ ; but 

UDder the iruthfiil, iioi: fiarlci 

£iii mtnutl, be becftme <ii^.i.^....~ : v. sxtd juid 

botMsL— R. Beowniagy Aii^ Kicior onrf 

A'fn^ CJIor^ He 

Dortner (Oj/>/ttio)» benerolent, troth* 
fuV and ct4urm^c«»iui» eikodid Wid wnna- 
bMTttsL lie wM eng«^»Qd to Louit* 
TlBircn ; but the Udy wts told tboi ht 




wu f&ke «tid had mArried anodierf to 
§ht pi!v^ her htud to lord l>Arenjink 

MarMnHe Ihrmer, iiaUr of the C*p^ 
ima. She married Ictni Dftvensnt, who 
nlled himwlf Mr. Brooke ; but be fononk 
her in thm^ mnnths. giving oat that he 
ira» dead* Marian De, Bupposing herself 
to b« a widow^ manied his lorcSfihip'i son, 
^Cumberland, Thi M^skrkna Hiuband 

Dormer (Caro^iwr), the orphan datighter 
of a Londoa merchaat, who woa once vtjy 
wealthy^ hut beiiaai* bankrtjjjt and dicd^ 
lea^^inif bi» daii^hter £200 h yew, Thii 
tnrtuity, however, ihe loses throagh lie 
ktinverv of her man «£ biisinesst When 
r^iicc^ 4o paouryi her old lover, Hemy 
Marlaod (iuppned lo have pcrisb«d at 
tea), makes Jiii apficaTaiK^ aod QyuTie« 
her, hj which she becomes tba ladj 
Dftberly.— G, Colmaiii I%# H^ffO^ai-law 

Domtcm (Mr.}^ * grmt banker, who 
adoTEi Hie ion Hairy, He tiiei to be 
Ptem with hitn when he vee* him 
going the road to nun, hul la melted by 
a kind word. 

W(B-ry AwTifofi, boh of ttie aboire. A 
unble-heaited fellow, spoiit by over- 
indolgeQce, He becomes a reguJaf rake, 
loses money at Newmarket, and goei 
p<»ftt-ipeed the road to nnin» led oo hy 
Jtkck Milford, So ^reat a hii extra va^ 
noce, th*l his father btcomcs a bajiknipt ; 
but Sulky (his partner ia the b«nk) coni^ 
to the rfcKue, Harry marriefl 3ophia 
Freelovt, and both father and son are 
saved from ruin,— Hokroft, JA* ^turf to 

'DoTOheT^niB^ Ctoterburr* 

Dorotlie'&t of Andalusi'af danshter 
of Cleonanio (an opulent vmmi of the 
dukQ RicKTdp), She was married to don 
Femandiv, the duke's yotmger son, wbo 
detefted her for LucinJa (the dsii^ht«r of 
aa opalent j^entleman}^ engii^ed to Car^ 
denio, ber «quai in rank and fortune. 
When tlie wedding? dav arrived, Lucinda 
faH totii r awoon, a liftter informed the 
liridcfT^ioin that she was already married 
to Cardento, and nest day she took 
irfuge in a eo^vent, Domtbea also left 
her liome, dressed in boy 'a dothest and 
ennct^J^l hentfilf in the Sierra Morena or 
Brown Moimuiin. Now, it so happened 
that DoruthcA, CardeniOr and don Quixote' a 
fwtj happened to be staying at the Crea- 

tent inn, and don Fernando, who had 
abdneted Lucinda from the conTenti 
halted at the same place. Here he fotsaj 
his wife Dnrijthea^ and Lariada her 
husband Cardenio. All these mipifortnnet 
thoA came to an end, and the parties mated 
with tlieir pespective &poascs.— Cerrant^ 
J}QnQuiXide,UW. (1606), 

Derothg^a, sister of Mons. Thomis,— 
BeAumoot aad Fletdur. ifo»i» Thamtm 

BorofAe'a, the "Tirgin martjT,'' i^ 

tsided hy An^Io, an angvl in tb* 
semblance of a pagt^ flr«t pr&dented to 
I>orDtJi,ea at a bci^r-boyy to whom shtt 
gave alma*— PhilipMaiainger, The Virtjin 
Mari^ (1622), 

Dorothe^a^ the heroine of Goethe^spoem 
entitled Hermatm ami Durtfthea (1797), 

Dar'otbeus (3 s^t.), the man wh» 
spent nil hi^ life in ende^^'ourinj^ to elnd- 
date the meaning of one single word la 

Por'otliy (Oiiflt the housekeeper of 
Simoo Glover and bis djitigbter *'the 
fair maid of Perth."— Sir W. Scott, Fair 
Maid tif Perth (time, Henry IV,). 

lhr*otAy, charwoman of Old Trapboii 
the miser and hh daughtet Martha— Sif 
W, Scott, Forhmea of NLfii (tuii«, 
James I,). 

Horrillon (^ miJiam}, m litAx 
Indinn merchniitand a widower. He had 
one daughter, ptAfed tjuder the care of 
Mr, aod Miaa Norberry, When thin 
daughter (Maria) wae grown to wo man- 
htfod^ fir Wiiliam retnmed to England, 
and wishing to learn the character of 
Maria, prcnented himself under the a»- 
smned name of Mt. Mandred, He fonnd 
hia datijk;hter a foiibiooftble joqng lady, 
foud of plesJiure, drcss^ *nd play, but 
alfe^^tionate and go«4-heartcd, lie wag 
enabled to extricate her from aome money 
diilicultieA, won her heart, revealed him- 
self u her fiUh^eri and reclaimed her* 

ifi^a rjiftiTki] Ik/rnitof^ daiijbfhter of 
sir Wililam ; gay^ fashionnlij?, 11^ ht- 
hearted, JugbJv A^ornplifthe<1, and very 
beautiful. "^ Brought up without a 
mother's ears or father's cantioni*' 4m 
bad some eicnae for her wayward-iesi 
and frivolity. Sir George Evelyn wtm 
her admirer I whom for a time she teased 
to the very top of her bent ; tUea ibt 
married, lov-ed, and reformed,— Mit, 
Inchbald, H^f^j eu theg Were and Mai4$ 
QMihejfAre (1787), 


de 1 "J ; Ui 
bf > was by 

Bouble DeaJer (n^). **"ni* 
double d«>ler" U iU«kwelI, «rbo pi*. 
tmda lore to l»dy Tnurhirwd tnd fn«ndH 
■hip to Mclkfont (t 5y^>, in i-plrr W 
bctimythem both* Tb- r* 
&r the cuntedy ftlm dt « 

K Hi* 

|}« WAS 




durlitig, TKti<UU} 

Bo'eon, » ptiwiiifi^irr. 

lltnifllriQt UU hfwitger) wu 

BoU (S«« FmtnTDisoiJt.) 

"Dotheboys HnJl, t Yorkthtr* 
nch^i). whtTr boyi urere Ultm*m wsJ 
dr»T>i!!-(f>f by Mr/Sti««T«, iin »»frf>!:Tint, 

and »tn,n> ' m 

Df/ChiBg.^-C i