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The Reading Naturalist 

No. 31 

Published by the Reading and District 

Natural History Society 


Price to Non-Members 40p 

No. 31 for the year 1977-78 

The Journal of 
The Reading and District Natural History- 

President : 

Mr. R. M. Gambles, M.A., B.Sc, M.R.C.V.S 

Hon. General Secretary: 

Mrs. J. S. Whitfield 
Basingstoke Road 
Spencer's Wood 

Hon. Editor: 

Miss L. E. Cobb 
55 Northcourt Avenue 

Editorial Sub-Committee.: 
The Editor, B. R. Baker, H. H. Carter, 
Miss E. M. Nelmes, N. J. Phillips, Miss S. Y. Townend 

Vertebrates : 

honorary Recorders: 

Mrs. B. M. Newman, Earley Cottage, 25 Beech Lane, 

Earley, Reading 

Mr. B. R: Baker, 25 Matlock Road, Caversham, 


Mr. H. H. Carter, 82 Kennylands Road, Sonning 

Common, Reading 



Meetings and Excursions, 1977-78 

Presidential Address: 

You should be in a Museum 

A Biological Record Centre 

Announcement: List of Diptera 
of Reading area. 

Common Bird Census 

The Stream: an Epitaph 
Electric Fishing 

Coppicing for Conservation 


Mining for Chalk 

Fungi found in Reading area, 

The Future of Aston Upthorpe 

Honorary Recorders' Reports: 



Weather Records in 1977 & 1978 

S. Y. Townend 

H. H. Carter 

D. Jenkins 

A Ring-necked Duck, in Berkshire R. Hewitt 

P. A. Hooper 

H. H. Carter 

N. J. Phillips 

H. H. Carter 

A» Brickstock 

M. R. W. Sell 

B . M . Newman 

H. H. Carter 

B. R. Baker 

M. Parry 

Monthly Weather Notes, 1977 & 1978M. Parry 

Membership List 







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- 1 - 

Me etings and Ex cursions 1977-78 

After the Annual General Meeting on 13th October 1977 
(attendance 57) > Miss S. Y. Townend delivered her 
Presidential Address entitled 'You should be in a Museum'. 
Other lectures during the winter were 'Gulls', by Dr. Gillian 
Thompson (56); 'Invertebrate Life of Shore and Shallow Seas 
around Britain', by Dr. V. George (53); 'Small British 
Mammals', by Mr. T. Healing (59); 'Sent to Siberia' (search 
for the beginning of the Cambrian period), by Dr. A. W. 
Rushton (43); 'A Botanist in Scandinavia", by Dr. Francis 
Rose (47); 'Ecological Aspects of Countryside Management', 
by Miss Wendy Rees (33); 'Orthoptera of the Reading Area', 
by Mr. Nigel Phillips (35)', and 'Plant Life of Tenerif e » , by 
Dr. E. V. Watson (40). Members' Evenings of Films, Talks 
and Exhibits, at which coffee and biscuits were served, were 
held on 8th December (62) and l6th March (45). 

There were winter walks to College Wood, Goring Heath, 
for mosses on 12th November (l6); around Reading, >for trees, 
on 10th December; to the Pangbourne area, for general 
interest, on 7th January; and to Burghfield and Ufton Nervet, 
to study lichens, on 4th March (21). On 4th February, a wet 
and misty day, a party of eight went to Pagham Harbour to 
watch birds. 

The summer field excursions were to the Checkendon area, 
for spring flowers, on 22nd April (27); Wellington Country 
Park, Stratfield Saye , for general interest, and Stratfield 
Saye Park and Stanford End, for bats, on the evening of 4th 
May (l8); the Lambourn Valley, for fish and other river 
life, on 6th May (10); Kent's Hill, for birds, on the even- 
ing of l8th May. (12); Woodwalton Fen, Huntingdon, by coach 
on 27th May (39); ' Aston Rowant National Nature. Reserve on 
3rd June (13); Bucklebury area for flora and a barbecue, on 
17th June (31); Hartslock (BBONT Reserve) on the evening of 
24th June (24); White Horse Hill (joint excursion with 
Abingdon N.H.S.) for downland flora, on 1st July (24); 
Hurley Chalk Pit, for orchids and other chalk flora, on 8th 
July (15); Well Barn Farm on the Berkshire Downs, for moths, 
on the evening of l4th July (25); Ashampstead area for flora 
and general interest,, on 15th July (22); Warren Bank,. Ipsden 
(BBONT Reserve) for grasshoppers, on the evening of 26th 
July (17); Padworth area, for general interest, on 29th 
July (23); the Basingstoke Canal in the Aldershot-Fleet area, 
on 12th August (6); Heath Pool, Finchampstead, for flora, on 
19th August (l6); and Swyncombe Downs for chalk flora and 
general interest, with Abingdon N.H.S. , on 9th September (21); 
fungus forays were held in the Chinnor area on 26th August 
(13) and at the Warburg BBONT Reserve at Bix on 23rd September 

- 2 - 

You should be i n a Museum 

Abstract of Presidential Address delivered 
to the Reading & District Natural History Society 

on 13th October 1977 
by Shirley Y. Town end, B.Sc, 
School Liaison Officer, Reading Museum He Art Gallery 

As the President did not feel that her address was suit- 
able for reproduction in its entirety in the Society's 
journal, it is presented here in precis form. 

Miss Townend first gave something of a personal history 
of her early life, training and work, making references to 
the very occasional contacts with museums and ending with the 
suggestion by a friend that she "ought to be in a museum". 

It was important to give some explanation of the national 
picture in relation to museum education services before talk- 
ing specifically about local aspects. She had read that 
"John Amos CcmciiiHs (1592-1670) produced the first educational 
visual aid. His Orbis Sensualium Pictus was the first educa- 
tional text book to attempt teaching through illustration and 
it remained a standard teaching work throughout Europe for 
many, many years. An expatriate Czech, he influenced the ■■ 
formation of the Royal Society. He was a great teacher who 
always encouraged a broad general education and the teaching 
of experimental science". 

The first museum loan service was established by Liverpool 
in 188^-. Now many museums provide facilities for both visit- 
ing groups and for loans. A wide variety of intra-uural 
services and activities was provided, primarily of benefit to 
urban areas. Loan services might offer the only opportunity 
of contact with the museum to schools in rural areas. The 
material, largely, could be handled, an experience for which 
there was no substitute. 

The Survey o f Provincial Museums and Art Galleries , by 
the Standing Commission (The Rosse Report), 19&3, stated : 
"It seems to us impossible to over-estimate the importance to 
future generations of teaching children the use and signif- 
icance of museum objects, and we urge those local authorities 
which have not yet developed, or assisted museums in their 
areas to develop, a school service to do so without delay; 
and especially to provide a loan service to all rural areas." 

Also, the Report of the Department of Education and 
Science, 1973, recommended that "Local education authorities 
and teachers should be more aware of the part museums can 
play in the educational process." 

- 3 - 

Written records of an organised loan service run by the 
Superintendent of Reading Museum dated from 1911° The found- 
ations of the present service were laid down in 1930. The 
first Museum Loans Officer was appointed in 19^6, and Miss 
Townend was appointed to this post in 1952. 

Following a few comments on her early years, she endeav- 
oured to build up a picture of what she had been doing for the 
last twenty-five years - supplying real objects supplemented 
by facsimiles, replicas, copies, models, illustrative material, 
maps and notes - to any educational establishment and any 
organisation or individual requiring educational resources in 
Berkshire - administering the Reading Audio-Visual Aids 
Library, including films - and a few other things. Her survey 
of procedure was necessarily superficial, and time allowed her 
to give only a few examples. 

First it was necessary to find out what was required, 
i.e. to engage in market research, by making visits to ' 
schools, teachers' centres and other establishments, by talk- 
ing with visiting teachers, by drawing on their own experiences 
and learning from other museum services. Priorities were 
difficult to sort out as possibilities were unlimited. An 
optimum of about 20,000 loans per year covering a wide range 
of subjects was aimed at. This proved to be a serious under- 
estimate. Suitable material had to be acquired from the 
Museum, as gifts, or by purchase.. Sources were widespread 
and numerous. Preparation, presentation and packaging of the 
very wide variety of subjects for transport followed. 

A catalogue, produced in alternate years, and a termly 
newsletter were sent to all educational establishments from 
nursery to university. In administration of bookings, the 
key word was 'flexibility'. Collections were available for 
two-week periods, the Audio-visual Aid material for one week, : 
and framed pictures for a term. Transport was part of the 
service, the county being covered by ten routes and the town 
by four. 

Every single thing was checked on return and demanded 
cleaning and maintenance to different degrees. Miss Townend 's 
own sphere was largely fur, feathers and fabrics. Up-dating 
and replacement of damaged, worn or missing items was a con- 
tinuing process. Borrowers were given advice on handling and 
display but requested not to attempt repairs should accidents 
happen. Stock-taking was done at the end of each term. The 
eleven staff handled nearly 20,000 loans in 1976-77, which 
came near to a viable service for Berkshire-. 

Classes visiting the Museum and Art Gallery might receive 
short, introductory talks from the curatorial staff.. School 
Service received groups of teachers, students in training, 
etc. and staff night participate in courses, conferences, _ . 
talks and exhibitions. An annual Pottery Project results in 
an exhibition of selected items in the Art Gallery. Also, 

- k - 

the Laffan Prize for Natural History was administered by the 
School Service Section. 

Contacts with other bodies were vital, especially with 
other museums. Miss Townend had been fortunate to attend 
twenty-one conferences of the Group for Educational Services 
in Museums and was privileged, with four education officers 
from other museums, to tour selected museums in Belgium as the 
guest of the Belgian Government. 

Professional staff tried to keep abreast of current trends 
in museum education and, especially, educational practice, such 
as Environmental Studies. There was increased emphasis on the 
importance of using the primary resources offered by the 
Section. There had been no need to advertise the service as 
demand could never be met. In 1976-77 there were over 9i000 
recorded refusals. 

Mr. W. A. Smallcombe, the first Director under whom Miss 
Townend served, had introduced her to the verse: 

"I have five senses you must reach 
If I'm to learn, and you're to teach; 
With taste, touch, smell and sight so clear, 
Must I receive all sense by ear?" 

There was no end to the possibilities for museum ser- 
vices to meet this plea by both their intra- and extra-mural 

Miss Townend concluded by saying that her audience 
should now have some idea of why she was a 'museum piece'. 

As an epilogue, she said that her talk was based on the 
situation pertaining prior to April, 1977* Drastic cuts in 
finance by the Berkshire Education Committee resulted in such 
staff reduction that the Museum and Art Gallery could, 
subsequently, offer only a minimal loan service and no 
transport . 

The Fishlock Prize 

At the Society's Annual General Meeting on 12th October 
1978, the Fishlock Prize was presented to Nicholas Verge, 
aged twelve, for interest in geology. 

- 5 - 

A Biological Record Centre 
by H. H. Carter 

Change is the keynote of our times, no less conspicuous 
in our environment than in our society. On the geological 
time-scale, the Quaternary epoch in which we live is excep- 
tional for its rapid climatic fluctuations from cold to hot 
and from wet to dry, changes so sudden that measurable 
differences can be detected within the span of a single human 
lifetime, bringing in their train many obvious shifts in. 
distribution especially of migratory animal species. Super- 
imposed on these are the changes brought about by human 
agencies at rates several orders of magnitude faster. Mech- 
anised man can fell a wood in a week or plough out a pasture 
in a day, so far outpacing the speed of natural evolution 
that only the least specialised, most adaptable plant and 
animal species can survive. 

Out of the need to monitor these changes and to identify 
the species and habitats which are at risk was born the 
National Biological Record Centre at Monkswood. This in turn 
proliferated a chain of regional centres, of which there is 
now one in practically every English county. Most of these 
are housed in county museums, which already held a mass of 
information in the form of collections, written records and 
published reports, and had professional naturalists on their 
staff who could handle and evaluate it. 

In the interest of easy exchange of information, 
Monkswood encouraged the adoption of a standard system of 
recording. Each centre has a species index, a geographical 
index and a set of marked maps. 

The species , index contains a card or set of cards for 
every plant and animal species in the county on which inform- 
ation is available, naming- every site from which the species 
has been, recorded,- usually with some indication of how up-to- 
date the record is, and stating whether the. species is 
abundant or rare, of regular or casual occurrence. 

The geographical index consists of a set of files cover- 
ing the whole area of the county, usually on the basis of one 
file for each lOKm or 5Km square of the National Grid, 
containing information on the entire fauna and flora of each 
site within the square so far as it is known, together with 
general information as to habitat type and land use, owner- 
ship, importance for conservation and so on. 

The maps simply serve to establish the location and 
extent of the sites, namel in the files; there is not room on 
a map to show more than a fraction of the available informa- 
tion. It may be possible to indicate the position of a few 
very rare or important species on a map, but these are just 
the sites whose existence may be widely known but whose exact 

- 6 - 

location nay need to be kept confidential, so that a map is 
not the best way to record then. 

Collectors are an intensely territorial species, return- 
ing annually to well-defined snail areas as faithfully as 
migrant swallows to their nesting places, but few indeed are 
the collectors who record grid references for all their 
captures or observations. In the interests of brevity and 
often of security they give their favourite locality the name 
of a district or nearby village, often the nearest bus stop 
or car park or pub. It is then the business of the biological 
recorder to secure more precise information, ideally by 
accompanying his informant on a collecting trip. His bugbear 
is the collector who, well aware of the danger of over- 
collecting a rare or local species, cannot resist the tempta- 
tion to obtain a long series for his o'im cabinet but then 
feels in duty bound to make amends by concealing the site from 
all other potential collectors. 

This brings us on to sources of information. Faced with 
an area of several thousands of square kilometres, and armed 
with personal knowledge of only a few plant or animal groups, 
the biological recorder is heavily dependent on outside 
sources, of which local natural history societies are the 
most important. Collectively or as individuals, at first hand 
or through the medium of county recorders, they supply 90% of 
his raw materials. Let me emphasise at this point that 
although some records are more exciting and interesting than 
others this has no bearing on their importance. In fact the 
occurrence of a rare vagrant bird or casual alien plant is of 
less importance in building up a picture of the biological 
resources of a county than the knowledge that sparrows nest 
or daisies grow in village X. True, there are good records 
and bad ones, but badness consists in dubious identifications 
or vague localities, which present the conscientious recorder 
with his severest problems. All naturalists know the temp- 
tation, when in doubt, to "upgrade" their record by referring 
it to the rarer of two species, and the collection of a 
specimen to authenticate the identification is not always 
possible or desirable. S't-Ml more frustrating is the remark 
"Common everywhere" or "Widespread in the Reading area". All 
this really means is that the observer has seen the species 
at sites A, B, C and D but did not note down and cannot now 
remember the details, and feels sure that if somebody were to 
look for it at site E he would find it. The nost a recorder 
can do with this is to make an equally vague entry on his 
species card and leave a blank on his' geographical lists. Thus 
the observer has in fact contributed less information than if 
they had named one definite locality for the species. 

Perhaps the ideal observer from the recorder's point of 
view is the one who finds a site that nobody else has looked 
at and visits it once a fortnight for three years, recording 
everything he can identify and submitting specimens of 
everything he cannot. The site need not be outstanding. A 

- 7 -.. 

stretch of overgrown hedge along the side of a field, offer- 
ing shelter from cold winds and exposure to the sun, can 
produce an impressive list, of invertebrates when worked by 
this method. But a much less intensive survey than this can 
be of value for identifying sites that deserve conservation, 
provided that detailed and specific information is forthcoming. 
It is easy to say "This is a nice piece of woodland and should 
not be destroyed", but a much better case can be made for its 
preservation if one can say instead "This wood contains one 
hundred. and twenty species of flowering plants, twenty species 
of nesting birds and fifteen species of butterflies". Single 
observations also have their value, though of course it takes 
a lot of them to add up to a systematic survey. 

In Berkshire there is no county museum, and the biological 
record centre has therefore been established at Reading. 
Records sent to the Society's recorders (other than the 
Recorder for Vertebrates!) will not necessarily reach the 
record centre unless they are selected for publication in the 
Readin g N aturalis t, but I will undertake to pass on to the 
appropriate Society or County Recorder any records sent to 
me from Berkshire or elsewhere. 


'A List of the Diptera of the Reading Area' by H. H. 
Carter was published in 1978 as a supplement to the Readin g 
Natu ra list no. 30. It is obtainable, price £1.80, on 
application to the author at Reading Museum, Blagrave Street, 


- 8 - 

Common Bird Cen sus 

by David Jenkins 
(Leighton Park School, Bird Group) 


Making regular censuses is an easier way of finding how 
many birds are breeding in a certain area than locating 
their nests, which, apart from disturbing the nesting birds, 
may also lead Corvids to the nest which they will then 
plunder. A census is done by walking round an area and mark- 
ing on a map all the birds heard singing or seen in that area. 
For this a wide knowledge of bird songs and calls is essential 
After making regular censuses throughout the breeding season, 
you can superimpose all the records of a certain species 
either singing or seen in a small area, and then by drawing a 
line round them you find a bird's territory and you can be 
almost certain that that bird has a nest within that territory 










































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- 9 - 
A- Ri ng-necked duck in Berkshire 

by Richard Hewitt 
(Leighton Park School, Bird Group) 

■ - . .... - 

On a- cold, wet day, 5th February 1978, I watched an 
adult male Ring-necked duck, Aythya col laris, amongst a 
flock of about fifty Tufted duck at Theale gravel pit. ' ' As 
many people .must have seen this individual, either at Theale- 
or at Burghfield gravel pits, ' an account of the appearance 
and range of the species may be of interest. 

■ . • . 
The Ring-necked duck, which is of the same genus as the 
Tufted duck, Aythya fu ligula , is a casual visitor to Europe 
from North- America-., It was first' described in Europe from a- 
specimen shot in Lincolnshire in' l801, ,-but it' was only offic- 
ially' accepted as a record in 1955 • Since then there has 
been an increasing number of sightings- all over Europe, 
.though of course some of these may be escapes from private 
' collections . 



I The Ring-necked duck's breeding ground is the interior 
of the west of America from British Columbia south to 
Washington and New York, with sporadic breeding further south 
in western and eastern USA. Since the 19^0' s it has extended 
its range east of the Great Lakes. The wintering areas are 
western, eastern and southern parts of the USA, the West 
Indies, Mexico and Guatemala, some individuals reaching 
Venezuela and Trinidad. 

■ • 

The/ male is black on its upper parts,' glossed with pur- 
■ pie. on, its peaked head and a little green on its back. The 

breast, tail, undertail and tip of beak (nail) are also black. 
'The sides are white, with thin black lines making them 

resemble grey, but outlined 'in pure white with a broad 'spur' 
' of white in front of the folded wing. The wing is black 

with a faint grey speculum and a wide pale grey stripe along 
; its length, in flight. The bill is a dark grey-blue with a 

conspicuous, sharply-defined white band behind the black 

nail and a narrow white band around the base. The eyes are 

orange-yellow and the feet blue-grey to grey. 


.The. female is mainly brown, darkest on the crown and 
lightest on 'spur'.... The flanks and belly are a mottled, brown.- 
The, white eyestripe and eye-ring form characteristic 
'■spectacles ' . The wings are brown with a broad grey- stripe' 
/similar to- the male . The white on the beak is less conspic- 
uous and there is .'no band round the base of the bill. 
_ .. 

"The male . resembles a male Tufted duck but the Tufted 
lacks the distinctive bill -and white 'spur'. The Tufted also 
has a drooping crest, "not a peak. The male Scaup Aythya 
mar i la looks a bit like it- at first glance, but has a pale 
■ -grey back., no bill, markings or 'spur'. The female is hard 
to distinguish at a distance from other females but does 
have the' 'spectacles'. 





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In the period 1958-1972, thirty-five Ring-necked ducks 
were recorded in Britain. There were probably at most 
thirteen individuals, however. Many have stayed for long 
periods, but it is noteworthy that over a quarter have 
appeared in January. 

Apart from a series of records in Armagh, where one or 
two birds stayed for eight winters, most occurred on lakes 
and flooded gravel pits in southern England. Here also, 
individuals returned for successive years to the same local- 
ity (e.g. Dorchester gravel pits in Berkshire/Oxford, near 
Reedham in Norfolk, Slaptonley in- Devon 'and Marlow gravel 
pits in Buckinghamshire). 

The Str eam; An "Ep ita p h 
by P. A. Hooper 

Many of you may remember that a few years ago Peter 
Cuss and myself gave a talk on the conservation work we had 
been doing on 'the strea.m' . Those familiar with the loca.1 
topography will know it better as Berry Brook, a small brook 
flowing from Lower Caversham, along the Thames valley and 
parallel to the Henley Road, eventually joining the Thames 
at Shiplake . The area we worked on can be reached by walk- 
ing a hundred yards along a small lane opposite the entrance 
to Caversham Park Village (see map). The talk we gave was a 
ce-ipbratiori of the stream ' s ' renaissance ; '-this article is, I 
am sorry to say, an obituary. The encroaching gravel- 
workings have not only eaten tree and ryde, wood and field, 
but now the final insult, the stream has been blocked up so 
that the bed is dry and barren,, a haven, for rabbits and 
birds. The dying leaves rustle and whisper sadly amongst 
themsleves, lamenting lost life and growth. 


One Sunday afternoon, some five years ago, Pete and I 
took our bi-weekly stroll down to the stream^' For: the first 
time we noticed that things- were amiss with .the stream;' It 
was being used as a rubbish-dump and. .we.. decided upon the 
spot that something had to be done.. The next weekend we set- 
out, armed with spades and ropes, rakes and boots; our task- 
was to keep us .occupied for many years. The physical 
objects came first under our wrath; a car was towed out by 
the Council and with our bare hands we removed' a washing- 
machine, tin bath, spin-dryer, pram, cash-register, 
car-bonnet, tyres and enough brick, concrete and wood to 
build a semi-detached house! Many of these had sunk deep 

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- 11 - 

into thick nmcL The car-bonnet needed five of us to remove 
it. We both received many cold bootfuls of water, and 
freezing duckings when a rope snapped or a rake broke during 
a crucial stage in the proceedings. I still have this strange 
memory of one moment straining to remove a log with my rake, 
a sudden crack of wood, and the next moment lying on my ba»k 
under the water. "' I can still see the look on Pete's fate as 
I toppled over. 

i ■ ........ 

By early spring we had removed all the debris and 
turned to the more, difficult' task of erasing the chemical 
pollution and restoring the life of the stream. We began by 
building a rapid, thus helping oxygen to enter the water, 
and gleaning plants from other sources. These plants were 
placed in strategic areas, away from the main flow. We spent 
many cold February afternoons fishing on the banks of the 
Thames. Within. a few months, there were flourishing colonies 
of Bream, Dace and Stickleback in the stream. We also began 
to breed our own snails, so that later that year we were 
able to- introduce., large quantities of water-snails, so import- 
ant t. 1 the ecology of any stretch of water. Frog-spawn was 
added as well, so that by late spring we had a flourishing 
flora and fauna again. The summer saw Nature cover the 
remaining stains in a fabric of weed and flower. We rested 
from our toil, except for the occasional clearing-up 
operation after mindless vandals had deposited more rubbish 
in the clearing waters. If they had ever been caught we 
should not have hesitated to offer them as sacrifices to 
Poseidon. The coming of autumn, showed that some work. was 
still necessary, and many more cold days were spent grovelling 
in the mud and silt. The animal- and plant-life still needed 
re-stocking, and soon we saw the return of Bull-fish and 
caddis-flies. On the whole, we were able to potter- about, 
cleaning and amending. Time and Nature were doing most of 
the work now. . . v 

The following period saw the best of the stream for 
many years. We sat on the banks cooling our feet, the sun. 
warming our backs, while the fish basked, flies buzzed and 
mosquitoes dr.ned hypnotically, a flash of: iridescent blue 
heralded the ■• passage of a kingfisher, a dragon-fly thrummed 
past depositing its eggs in the shallow water. By moonlight 
we sat on the bridge , beneath the stars , smoking our pipes 
and listening to the merry- gurgle and splash of fresh, clean 
water. Everything sang with life's sweet hum. 

This last autumn our work proved, in the end, to have 
been in vain. The nearby gravel-workings, moving closer and 
closer, turned the water to thick brown sludge and coated 
everything in silt. Slowly this cleared, only for the ford 
to be made into a gravel road, to provide a passage' for a 
giant crane.. The workmen would not remove the gravel, 
though they: agreed to carve a narrow channel for the water. 
The final insult came in early November when the smaller 

up-stream ford was blocked with thick clay. We spent a 


1 . 


-12 — 

Saturday morning attempting to carve a channel through this 
and succeeded in getting a small flow, but the clay has 
unfortunately become a thick sludge and we could remove only 
a small amount. Where once there was water and life., there 
are now only damp bed and dying plants. 

How much more irrevocable damage will be done to our 
green and pleasant land, by what some call 'progress 1 , 
before the powers-that-be realise there must be an end to 
this madness? Those who complain at the loss of pond , hedge 
and wood are branded as eccentric and crackpot. We should 
not only be striving to save areas of outstanding beauty from 
the avaricious, but also the more common and local country- 
side. How long before we wake up and find this typical 
countryside has be»ome atypical? The gravel-workings are 
only a beginning. Soon will come factories and housing- 
estates where birds sang and rabbits played. I wish to 
remain close to nature, not estranged from it. 

Ele ctri c Fishing 
by H. H. Carter 

In November 1978 I received word from Dr. Bernard Levy 
that the Thames Water Authority intended to fish electrically 
a lKm. stretch of the River Pang between the BBONT reserve 
at Moor Copse and the Water Authority's own property in 
Fangbourne. As this was an ideal opportunity to study the 
fish fauna of the river adjacent to, though not actually in, 
a site which is the only BBONT reserve in the Trust's Mid- 
Berkshire region and a Site of Special Scientific Interest, 
I presented myself on 9th November at the place appointed, 
where I met BBONT ' s Conservation Officer, Michael Horwood, 
Mr. Tudor Davies and three other members of the syndicate who 
own the fishing rights and at whose request the operation 
was carried out, and a team of four from the Thames Water 
Authority to do the actual work. Dr. Levy joined us later. 

The object was to remove all so-called "Coarse Fish", 
i.e. the summer-breeding species including all non-Salmonids 
and Grayling, which were' to be transported to other waters, 
leaving the remaining Salmonids for the benefit of the anglers 

I was told that when the electric fishing programme was 
started two years ago, Grayling were found to be very numer- 
ous ( a figure of 1500 was quoted but I treat all anglers' 
estimates with caution) and Dace were non-existent. At some 


time Rainbow Trout and more recently Salmon parr had been 
introduced to supplement the existing native Brown Trout. 
No Salmon were seen on this occasion, but parr-sized fish 
would be unaffected by the fishing gear and are easily con- 
fused with young trout. 

The equipment used was a fibreglass boat containing a 
portable petrol generator supplying current at 110 volts to 
a control unit which emitted it as a pulsed DC potential to 
two positive electrodes in the form of 200mm. square grids 
mounted on insulated poles. The negative electrode was a 
length of copper braid towed behind the boat. The pulse 
rate was adjusted by trial and error (depending on the con- 
ductivity of the water) so as to stun the more susceptible 
fish while causing only temporary disorientation to the less 
susceptible. Large fish and fish with a low metabolic rate 
are more susceptible. The winter-breeding Salmonids have 
a high metabolic rate, whence their habit of breeding in 
winter when the oxygen content of the water is high. Only 
the largest trout were at all seriously affected, whereas 
most of the Grayling and all the other coarse fish of 150mm. 
(6") and upwards were temporarily paralysed. The team of 
two electrode-wielders and two net-men donned chest-length 
waders and towed the boat upstream, catching the stunned 
fish and dumping them into a polythene bathtub in the boat. 
At intervals the current was switched off while the bathtub 
was emptied into a land-borne trailer carrying three large 
storage tanks and a cylinder of oxygen which was bubbled 
through them. Here the fish rapidly revived. 

By noting down all fish as they appeared, I obtained 
the following estimate of population. (Note that all small 
fish such as sticklebacks, bullheads and minnows, and the fry 
of larger species, remained uncaught.) 

Brown Trout Salmo trutta L. 


Rainbow Trout Salmo irideus Gibb 

8 (^uite a few 
of these x •' 
passed as 
Brown Trout 
poorly seen. ) 

Grayling Thymallus thymallus (L.) 
Dae e Leuciscus leuci s cus ( L . ) 
Chub L. ce phalus (L. ) 
Pike Esox lucius L. 




1 of about k¥Lg 
(8 lb.), 
thought to be 
a' recent 

- 14-- 

The two most numerous species, Dace and Brown Trout, 
were noticeably concentrated in a few favoured spots, par- 
ticularly the Dace which were in shoals of ten to thirty. 
It was evident that removal of large numbers of Grayling in 
previous years had led to recolonisation from Moor Copse 
upstream and immigration of Dace (probably from the Thares) 
from downstream, so that prior to this day's fishing a popu- 
lation gradient existed along this stretch of river, with 
Grayling dominant at the south (Moor Copse) end and Dace 
dominant throughout the northern (Pangbourne) half. No 
doubt this gradient will soon re-establish itself. 

One Crayfish was also seen, and this animal (which does 
not respond to electric fishing) is known to be abundant . in 
the lower Pang. 

National Grid References of the two ends of the stretch 
fished are: SU 6369 7580 and SU 6368 7507- 

The Grayling were removed to a gravel pit near Fairford 
(except for three small examples taken for Reading Museum), 
the Pike was killed and the remaining coarse fish were 
removed to the River Cole in west Berkshire. 

Coppicing for Conservation Management 
by N. J. Phillips 

Coppicing was once widely used as a method of providing 
a ready supply of small timber. If, for example, hazel was 
the tree to be coppiced, the end products could have been 
bean-poles, hurdles for use round the farm, stakes, or, if 
it was crooked, fire-wood. In the Chilterns, beech was often 
coppiced to provide the furniture trade at High Wycombe with 
arms and legs for chairs. Beech coppice was also used to 
fuel brick kilns, such as the one on Nettlebed Green. Oak 
has also been coppiced, to provide very tough farm stakes 
for fencing and, like the beech, for furniture. 

Coppicing is the action of cutting off the re-growth 
from the stool or stump of a tree on a regular basis at int- 
ervals of seven to twenty years depending on the species 
involved. If the coppice is well managed and the stools do 
not crowd each other, the shoots coming from the recently 
cut stump will grow straight and tall. The cutting takes 
place when the required diameter has been reached. This of 
course depends on the use the wood will be put to. Hazel 


coppice for hurdles may be cut at seven years and oak for 
stakes at twenty. 

Coppicing as a form of forest management, probably 
dates back to Neolithic times, although it was then undoubt- 
edly done accidentally and haphazardly. In 1^83 A.D. in the 
reign of Edward IV, a statute came into force authorising 
the enclosure of recently cleared woodlands for seven years, 
to exclude pigs, goats, sheep and cattle. This was to allow 
the coppice time to develop without browsing by animals . 
From this date until quite recently, coppiced woods played 
an ever increasing part in the economy of the countryside. 
However, at the present date of 1978, coppicing has virtually 
ceased because of the existence of mechanical saws which can 
cut timber to any size required, making it unnecessary to 
select carefully the right sized piece of timber for a 
particular job. 

This brings us to the point of this paper. Why should 
we be concerned about re-establishing a type of woodland 
management now redundant? Whichever type of tree is coppiced, 
the effect is much the same. The crown of the tree is virtu- 
ally growing straight from the ground without a trunk. Thus, 
there is a dense leafy cover providing food and shelter for 
many animals. Insects, birds and mammals have all come to 
utilise this habitat during the several thousand years it 
has been available, and since the decline of coppice woods 
in the last fifty years several animal species have also 
declined, including the nightingale, whitethroat, grasshopper- 
warbler and dormouse. Many other commoner species will use 
coppiced areas to nest and feed, and although they are not 
confined to coppice, it may be a preferred habitat if 
available . 

Among coppiced areas that have been revived in recent 
years by Conservation bodies are Waterperry Woods near Oxford, 
managed by the Nature Conservancy, and the Warburg Reserve 
at Bix Bottom owned by B30NT. In both cases, the coppice 
cycle has been established to encourage local wildlife pop- 
ulations and the forest produce is of secondary importance. 
.At the Warburg Reserve, an eleven-acre plot of hazel, ash 
and hawthorn is being coppiced on an eight-year cycle with 
the whole plot divided into eight sub-plots, one of which is 
cut each year. Any useful timber that comes from the coppice 
is trimmed and stacked for sale to the public. Bean-poles 
and ash stakes are the main products. 

The actual cutting of the stools can be carried out in 
several different ways. At the Warburg Reserve, Yorkshire 
billhooks and small bow saws are used. Other methods 
include using 2}£ lb Canadian axes and petrol-driven saws. 
Whichever method is chosen, it is important that the cut 
stump should end up with a clean top. If it is left with a 
ragged top, water and a variety of fungus spores will have 
easy access into the stump and it will rot very quickly. 

- 16 - 

Obviously, coppicing, if done correctly, is time con- 
suming and when voluntary labour is used, as is often the 
case, need for instruction in the correct use of tools may 
double the time that has to be spent. However, a correctly 
carried-out coppice programme can produce a very rich 

Mining for Chalk 
by H. H. Carter 

The accidental discovery in 1977 of an extensive series 
of chambers and galleries under ground at Emrner Green, in 
addition to those already long known to exist there, was 
featured in the local papers and attracted much attention- 
They are by no means unique, however, and similar excavations 
are known at Yattendon, at Holme Park near Sonning, and at 
Warren Row, between Henley and Bowsey Hill. Chalk was also 
dug from beneath the brick pits at Katesgrove in Reading, 
where Elgar Road now runs, though there is no record here of 
extensive lateral galleries. 

In view of the numerous surface chalkpits in our area, 
it may seem strange that the trouble and expense of under- 
ground workings was thought worth while to extract so common 
a mineral. The explanation is to be found in the rapid 
advances in agricultural practice during the early eighteenth 
century when most of these excavations were started. Large 
landowners discovered that, by suitable treatment, hitherto 
unproductive soils could be made to yield a profit. Chemical 
fertilisers as used today were unknown, but it was obvious 
that some soils were too light and thin to produce good 
crops, particularly on chalk and gravel subsoils, while 
others, on clay, were unduly heavy, and although fertile, 
were difficult to plough without mechanical aid, sticky, cold 
and slow to dry out in winter, and apt to break up into 
brick-hard slabs in summer. In both states they were most 
discouraging to root growth. The ideal soils were those 
which were intermediate in character.. The obvious solution 
was to add clay to the chalky and gravelly soils, and chalk 
to the gravel and clay soils. Farmers were convinced that 
weathered chalk from surface pits was inferior to fresh 
chalk from underground, especially when this had been pro- 
tected from the elements by a blanket of impervious clay, 
and were willing to pay extra to get the best. Chalk was 
also burnt for lime, used to make mortar to bind the mil- 
lions of bricks which went into the building of the fast 

- 17 - 

growing towns, and was the main ingredient of whiting, 
which had many industrial uses. Lime-burners, too, main- 
tained that underground chalk produced a"fatter',' stronger 
lime, and whiting-makers found it whiter and purer than 
surface chalk. The mines also yielded fresh unweathered 
flint, inferior for road-making but especially attractive 
to manufacturers of porcelain. It is after all not so 
surprising that several deep mines for chalk were sunk in 
the Reading area, all without exception located in places 
where the outcrop of the chalk disappears under the protect- 
ive clay cover of the Reading Beds. 

For small farmers who could not afford to lay out 
thirty or thirty-five shillings an acre for mining and 
carting chalk, there was an alternative, do-it-yourself 
method. If there was no convenient surface outcrop of chalk 
on their land, the local well-digger would no doubt be able 
to tell them where chalk might be expected at a reasonable 
depth (anything under thirty feet) and would be prepared to 
sink a chalk-well, as it was called. The rest of the 
operation could then be carried out using the ordinary farm 
labour and equipment. From the base of the well galleries 
known as angles were driven outwards and upwards until they 
reached the buried upper surface of the chalk and ran into 
clay or gravel. As the work proceeded, the loose chalk 
rolled away down the sloping floor of the angle to the 
bottom of the well-shaft, where it could be hauled out by 
means of a rope with a bucket on one end and a horse on the 
other. Whenever an angle ran out of chalk, another would be 
started, and finally, if necessary, the chalk between the 
angles could be removed until the roof showed signs of 
caving in. The well would then be abandoned and the roof 
would ultimately collapse, leaving a shallow bowl-shaped 
depression. Not far from the Yattendon chalk mines there is 
a small wood called Chalkangles which must mark the site of 
a chalk-well, inspired perhaps by the large-scale mining 
• nearby, and some of the other Angle-, Angel- and Engle- 
place-names of our area may have a similar origin. 


In the large mines the roof was left supported by 
pillars of chalk, but the entrance might become blocked and 
the site forgotten until rediscovered by chance, as happened 
at Yattendon and Emmer Green, so there are probably still a 
few more such mines awaiting a finder. 

The possibility of reclaiming poor land by the methods 
here described led, in the later eighteenth and early nine- 
teenth century, to the wave of enclosures of hitherto 
uncultivated common land by acts of parliament which trans- 
ferred it into private ownership, to be parcelled out into 
the pattern of hedged fields now thought of as traditional 
and changing once more under the impact of further advances 
in agricultural method. 

- 18 - 

Fung i found in Reading area, 1978 
by A. Brickstock 

A poor season, owing to the unusual dryness, terminated 
by -the heavy frosts during the week November 19th-26th. 
The nomenclature is that of the Biological Records Centre. 


Agaricus campestris 

Agrocybe cylindracea 

Amanita citrina 

citrina var alba 


muse aria 



Armillaria mellea 

Bolbitius vitollinus 

Boletus badius 






Cantharellula cyathif ormis 

Cantharellus cibarius 

Clitocybe cerussata 

Collybia butyracea 

Conocybe tenera 

Coprinus atramentarius 

Coprinus micaceus 


Cortinarius cinnanmmeus 

Drosella fracida 

Flammulina velutipess 

Galerina hypnorum 


Gomphidius viscidus 

Gymnopilus penetrans 

Hebeloma crustulinif orme 

Hygrophoropsis aurantiaca 

Hygrophorus conicus 
psitt acinus 

Hypholoma fasciculare 


Laccaiia amethys-fe^i 

Lacrymaria velutina 

Lactarius blennius , 








19 - 

Ladtarius' falsi dus 


Leccinum scaber 

Lepiota cristata 

Lepista saeva 

Lyophyllura decastes 

Marasmius androsaceus 

Melanoleuca melaleuca 

Mycena fibula 


gal opus 





Nolanea sericea 

Ouderaansiella radicata 

Panaeolus foenisecii 

Paxillus involutus 

Pholiota squarrosa 

Pleurotus dryinus 

Pluteus cervinus 

Psathyrella conopilea 

Russula aeruginea 


densif olia 







Stropharia aeruginosa 

Suillus aeruginascens 

Tricholomopsis platyphylla 


Tubaria furfuracea 


Clavaria helvola 

Coriolus hirsuta 


Daedalea quercina 

Foraes annosus 

Grifola gigantea 

Piptoporus betulinus 

Polyporus brurnalis 

Stereum rugosura 


Lycoperdon caelatum 
excipuli forme 
pyrif orme 

Mutinus caninus 
Phallus irnpudicus 
Scleroderma aurantium 

- 20 - 

Dacrymyces deliquescens 


Chlorosplenium aeruginascens Mitrula paludosa 
Daldinia concentrica Xylaria hypoxylon 

The Future of A ston Uptho rpe 

Most members will know about the small area of chalk 
grassland at Aston Upthorpe, sometimes called Juniper Valley, 
and many will have visited it in April, when the Pasqueflower 
Anemon e Puls atilla , is in bloom. There are many other typ- 
ical chalk grassland flowers in the valley, which is 
scheduled as a Grade 1 Site of Special Scientific Interest, 
mainly on account of the Juniper growing there. This shrub 
is now comparatively scarce and its habitat is also 


The Berkshire , Buckinghamshire and Oxfordshire 
Naturalists' Trust (BBONT) has Aanaged a small area of the 
valley (about 1.1 acres) since 196^, on the basis of a 
'gentleman's agreement' for fifteen years, expiring in April 
this year. The land has changed hands twice since then, and 
it is now very gratifying to report that on 15th January, a 
further Agreement was signed by the present' owner for a 
five-year term of management by BBONT, not ' only for the 
present small enclosed area, but for the entire valley, con- 
sisting as it does of thirty-nine acres. After five years 
from January, the Agreement would be renewable annually. 
Certain conditions are attached to the Agreement, for 
example that the fencing erected by the. Trust around the 
original area shall be removed, and no '.BBONT signs will be 
displayed, but unrestricted access to the valley will be 
available to BBONT members, who should carry their member- 
ship cards. Grazing with cattle or sheep will continue, but 
the Trust will be responsible for the major management tasks, 
such as ragwort pulling and rabbit control, also the clear- 
ance of scrub other than Juniper. An account of the area 
hitherto managed by the Trust appears in the Readin g . 
Naturalist no. 27 p. 26. 

• M. R. W. Sell 

- 21 - 

The -Recorder 's R eport fa rJBotan^ 
by B. M. Newman 

Fewer records were received this year than last but 
they covered a wide range of families and habitats. Records 
were sent by the following members and are gratefully 
acknowledged:- Dr. J. Andrews (JA); Dr. H. J. M. Bowen 
(HJMB); Mr. H. Carter (HC); Miss L. E. Cobb (LEC); 
Mr. M. Durable ton' (MD) ; Mrs. B. Kay (B K); Mrs. A. M. 
Sandels (AMS) and Mrs. E. M. Trembath (EMT). 

The nomenclature and order are according to the "Flora 
of the British Isles" by Clapham, Tutin and Warburg. An 
alien taxon is indicated by an asterisk (*). Most of the 
English ITames are from "English T '.' arnes of Wild Flowers", 
the recommended list of the Botanical Society of the British 
Isles, but if a different name is commonly used locally it 
is put in immediately after the scientific name in addition 
to the recommended one. 

List of Membe r s' Record s 

^LlP^i2S2z. s ..^2JiIlPS2^ Newm. Scaly Male -fern 

Scarce, in woodland, Moor Copse. HJMB 

Myosurus minimus L. Mousetail 

Among shrubs in Whiteknights Park. HJMB 

Papaver dubium L. Long-headed Poppy 

Abbey Rugby Football Ground at Chalkhouse Green, north of 
Shading, aseen throughout the flowering season. HC 

Papav er argemone L. Prickly Poppy 

Cornfields on top of Sulham Hill. HJMB 

Papaver somnif erum L. Opium Poppy 

Well Barn Farm, Moulsford Downs, 1^.7.78; Drayton St. 

Leonard, Oxon. , .17.7.78. LEC 

Corydalis cl avicul ata (L.) DC Climbing Corydalis 
Seen on N.H.S. excursion near Stanford Dingley; Hocketts 
Wood; Bucklebury fish ponds. HJMB 

Diplota xis ten uifolia (L.) DC Perennial Wall-rocket 
One large plant, Amersham Road, Caversham. HJMB 

Ib eris amar'a L. ' Wild Cemdytuft 

Well Barn Farm, l^f.7.78.. LEC 

*Thlaspi alliaceum L. Garlic Penny-cress 

Arable field south of Ludgrove School, Wokingham. MD 

Teesdalia nudica ulis (L.) R.Br. Shepherd's Cress 

Frilford Golf Course; first record for many years. 

Found by J. Milton. HJMB 

22 - 

* Sisym bri um au striacum Jacq. 

Near Tate and Lyle building, Whiteknights Park. Casual. HJMB 

Reseda luteola L, 
Hurley. 19X.78. 


Hypericum androsaemum L. Tutsan 

Seen on N.H.S. excursion, by path, Hocketts Wood. 

Hyperic u m x desetangsii L am o 1 1 e 

Lower part of Padworth Gully; N.H.S. excursion. 




Hypericum humifusum L. Trailing St. John's Wort 

Ashampstead, 15.7.78; Crowell Hill Farm, 26.8.78. LEC 

Lychnis coronaria (L.) Desv. 

Two or three healthy clumps in plantation near Hook End. BK 

Spergularia rubra (L.) J. & C. Pre si Sand-spur rey 
Sutton's old trial grounds. 

Dwarf Mallow 
Hedgerow Crane's-bill 

Malva neglecta Wallr. 
Drayton St. Leonard, 17.7.78. 

Geranium pyrenaicum Burm . f . 
Hurley, 19.6.78. ~~ 

Geranium rotundif olium L. 
Drayton St. Leonard, 17 ° 7 •?<$ > 

Geranium pusillum L. 

Drayton St, Leonard, 17.7.78. 

Geran i um r obertianum L. 

White form, Ashampstead, 15-7.78. 

*Ononis natrix L. 

On Membury airfield, S. W. Berks. Found by Mrs. Frankum 

and J. Gilbey. Possibly a survival from World War II. 

Medicago arabica (L.) Huds. Spotted Me dick 
Grass verge, Wychwood Close, Earley. 




Round-leaved Crane's-bill 


Small-flowered Crane's- 
bill . LEC 


^Coronilla varia L. 
Membury airfield. 

Lat hyrus nissolia L„ 

One plant, 'Hurley, 19.6.78 

Crown Vetch 
Grass Vetchling 
Wild Service-tree 

S or bus torminalis (L.) Crantz. 

Near Wyfold entrance to New Copse, identified by fallen 

leaves. .' •> ','■ • .., 

Young trees, possibly bird sown, near Bradfield. 

Chrysosplenium oppositif olium L* Opposite-leaved 

Seen on N.H.S. excursion in alder gully, Hocketts Wood. 

Hippuris vulgaris L. Mare's-tail 

Frequent in Blue Pool, Stanford .'JJingley ° Seen on N. H. 

Callitriche obtus ann;ula Le Gall 
In River Pang, Moor Copse. 

Blunt-fruited Water- 






> . 



- 23 - 

Viscum album L. Mistletoe 

On T ilia at the County Agricultural College, Burchett's 

Green; Midgham Park, 8.1. 78. JA 

Bupleurum sp. (presumably r otundif olium L.) Thorow-wax 
Mrs. A. Wynne of 31 * Reading Road, Cholsey, says "I 
reported a Thorow-wax in my garden a few years ago. It 
seeded, but there have been no further plants until this 
year when one appeared. Presumably the seeds have been 
dormant, as there • are no other plants around, and it is 
within a few inches of the first". HC 

Sis on amomum L. Stone Parsley 

On waste ground in central Reading. HJMB 

Berula erecta (Huds.) Coville Lesser Water-parsnip 
In river Pang, Moor Copse. HJMB 

Oenanthe fluviatilis (D-.b. ) Coleman River Water-dropwort 
In river Pang, Mcor Copse. HJMB 

Merculiaris annua L. Annual Mercury 

Well Barn Farm. LEC 

Quercus petraea (Mattuschka) Liebl. Sessile Oak 
Near, but not in a row of planted Q. robur along the S.W. 
side of New Copse. Identified from fallen twigs as the 
trunk is clean and the crown high up in the canopy; 
leaves characteristic, with long petioles, no auricles 
and stellate pubescence beneath, but the tree apparently 
did not fruit this year. HC 

Lysimachia nemo rum L. Yellow Pimpernel 

Footpath near Wyfold entrance to New Copse. HC 

. Lysim a chia nummularia L. Creeping Jenny 

Crowsley, 21. 7. .78. HC 

Lysimachia vulgaris L. Yellow Loosestrife 

Boggy pond at Kate's Castle entrance to New Copse, 
throughout the flowering season. HC 

*Lysima chi a punctata L. 

A clump in scrub near Stanford Dingley. HJMB 

Gentiana pneumonanth e L. Marsh Gentian 

Still abundant on Hook Common, more than one hundred 
seen, 11. 9. 78. LEC 

Symphytum officinale L. Comfrey 

Some four or five plants on newly made gravel bank in 
Nipper's Grove, Hook End, and in wood about ten feet 
away . BK 

Pentaglottis se mpervirens (L.) Tausch Green Alkanet 
Ashampstead, 15. 7. 78. LEC 

Anchusa arvensis (L.) Bieb. Bugloss 

On disturbed ground at junction of new peripheral road 

and Shinfield Road, 26.7.78. JA 

Echium vulgare L. Viper 's-bugloss 

Well Barn Farm, 14.7.78. LEC 

- 2k - 

H yoscyarnus niger L. Henbane 

On disturbed ground at junction of new peripheral road and 

Shinfield Road, 26.7.78. JA 

*Nicandra physalodes (L.) Gaertn. 

Rare, at Sutton's old trial grounds. HJMB 

*Datura stramonium L. Thorn-apple 

In the garden of Mr. Prior at Charvil, fruiting 8.9*77; HC 

Verbascum thapsus L. Aaron's Rod Great Mullein 

Old chalkpit on north side of Crowsley Forest, not seen 

here before, 2L7-78. 


Antirrhinum orontium L. Weasel's Snout .^Lesser' Snapdragon 
In arable field by footpath from Flowercroft Wood to 
Pappard Church, 21. 7. 78. HC . 

Chaenorhinum minus (L.) Lange Small Toadflax 
In arable field by footpath from Flowercroft Wood to 
Peppard Church, 21.7-78. ?.: HC 

*Scrophularia vernalis L. Yellow Figwort 

Bonfire site in Whiteknights Park; still locally frequent 

at Bucklebury. HJMB 

Veronica scutellata L. 

Marsh Speedwell 

Yellow Rattle 

By pond, on top of Sulham Hill. 

Rhinanthus minor L. 

Centre clearing, Crowsley Forest, 21.7.78. 

Odontites jambertiana 

This yellow-flowered plant survives at Aldermaston where 
it was recorded as 0. lu.tea several years ago (see 
Reading Naturalist No . l8 p. 'fO. ) . 

Orobanche elatior Sutton Tall Broomrape 

Knapweed Broomrape 
Ridgway, near Whitehorse Hill, parasitic on Knapweed. 
N.H.S. excursion. 




Orobanche minor Sir. . 
Ashanpstead, 15-7.78. 

Verbena officinalis L. 
"Bug's Bottom", Caversham. 

Menth a ary ensis L . 

Crowell Hill Farm, 26.8.78. 

Stachys arvensis ( L . ) L . 
Crowell Hill Farm, 26. 8.78. 

Common Broomrape 

Corn Mint 
Field Woundwort 

Galeopsis bifida Boenn. 

In woodland clearings, Padworth Gully, N.H.S. excursion 

Plantago coronopus L. Buck's-horn Plantain 

Frequent at Sutton's old trial grounds. 

+Galinsoga ciliata (Raf.) Blake Shaggy Soldier 
Frequent at Sutton's old trial grounds. 








- 25 - 

Senecio i n tegrifolius (L.) Clairv. Field Fleawort 
About five hundred plants on Whitehorse Hill, N.H.S. 
excursion. HJMB 

Chr ysant hem um vulgare (L.) Bernh. Tansy 
Ashampstead, 15.7.73, LEC 

Rough slope, adjoining the Hemdean Road end of "Bug's 
Bottom", Caversham. AMS 

Cichoriu m intybus L. Chicory 

Near Chris'tchurch Road, Reading, 19.7.78. LEC 

Picris e chio ides L. Bristly Oxtongue 

Ashampstead, 15.7.78; i Drayton St. Leonard, 17.7-78. LEC 

*Cicerbita macroph ylla (Willd.) Wallr. Blue Sow-thistle 
Ashampstead, 15»7»78. LEC 

Epipact is hellebn rine (L.) Crantz Broad-leaved 

Lower part of Padworth Gully; plantation E. of Whitehorse 
Hill. N.H.S. excursion. HJMB 

Aldermaston Soke (found by Mrs. Ford).- HC 

Neottia ri d us-avis (L.) Rich. Bird's-nest Orchid 
Wyfold Copse. HC 

Coeloglo cs um viride (L.) Hartm. Frog Orchid 

Rather scarce on Whitehorse Hill, N.H.S. excursion. HJMB 

Orchis m as cula (L.) L. Early-purple Orchid 

Large numbers this year in coppice at Moor Copse 

Reserve. EMT 

Anacamptis pyramidalis (L.) Rich. Pyramidal. Orchid 

Footpath from Floweraroft Wood to Kent's Hill, 

21.7.78. HC 

Carex vesi ca ria L. Bladder-sedge 

In dry pond on top of Sulham Hill (shown to me by 

M. Sell). HJMB 

Carex stri^osa Huds. Thin-spiked Wood- 

Wet woodland rides, Koor Copse. HJMB 

Catabrosa a quatica (L.) Beauv . Whorl-grass 

Locally dominant near Blue Pool, Stanford Dingley, 

N.H.S. excursion. HJMB 

*Poa chaixii Vill. Broad-leaved 

Still locally abundant around Padworth Gully. N.H.S. 
excursion. HJMB 

- 26 - 

The R ecorder' s Repor t for Vertebrates, 1977-1978 

by H. H. Carter 


Lampetra plane ri (Bloch) Brook Lamprey 

Present in the Pang near Pangbourne (T.D.) and the 

Winterbourne near Bagnor (R.B.). 

Salmo salar L . Salmon 

Parr were introduced into the Pang below Tidmarsh about 1976 

but have not been seen since. (T.D.) 

S. trutta L. Brown Trout 

Several in the Lamb our n at Bagnor, 6th May (R.D.N.H.S. 

excursion) . 

Thymal lus thy mallus (L.) Grayling 

One at Bagnor in the Lambourn, 6th May. The following 
records from the Reading Chronicle extend the known range of 
the named species in our area. 

Esox lucius L. Pike 

In the Kennet between Burghfield and Reading and the Thames 
at Remenham. In the Lambourn and Winterbourne at Bagnor 
but not seen there on 6th May (R.B.). 

Barbus barbus (L.) Barbel 

In the Thames at Radcot north of' Faringdon and at 

Wallingford, in the Kennet at Woolhampton. 

Gobio gobio (L. ) Gudgeon . .' 
In the Thames at Radcot. 

Tinea tinea (L.) Tench 

In the Theale gravel pits and the Kennet at Woolhampton. 

Leucis cus cephalus (L.) Chub 

In the Thames at Lechlade and Remenham, in the Loddon near 

Stratfield Saye . 

L. leuciscus (L.) Dace 

In the Thames at Tilehurst and Radley, the Kennet at Hamstead 

Marshall and the Loddon near Stratfield Saye. 

L. rutilus (L.) Roach • . 

In a lake near Winnersh ( Bea.rwood?) . 

Nemacheilus barba tula (L.) Stone Loach 

One taken in the Thames at Reading, 27th July, along with 

Minnow and Dace. 

Abramis brama (L.) Bream 
In the Thames at Remenham. 

A nguilla anguilla (L.) Eel 

Found by the Thames Water Authority fishing team only in a 
tributary of the Cole at Watchfield and in the 
Gloucestershire Coin beyond Lechlade. Occurs in the 
Lambourn at Ba.gnor but not seen there on 6th May (R.B.). 

- 27 - 

The species must therefore occur in the Kennet and Thames 
as a migrant although it is seldom taken by anglers. 

Perca fluviatilis L. Perch 

In the Kennet at Woolhampton and Southcote. 

Gasterosteus aculeatus L. Three-spined Stickleback 

In the Lambourn at Bagnor on 6th May (R.D.N.H.S. excursion). 

P ygosteus pungitius (L.) Ten-spined Stickleback 
In the Winterbourne at Bagnor but not seen on 6th May (R.3.) 
The habitat for the last two species in Berry Brook is now 
presumably destroyed (see p. 10) (C.D.). 

Further information on fish is contained in an article 
published on page 12 of this issue of Reading Naturalist , 
and will be summarised in next year's report as it dates 
from November and the recording year traditionally ends with 
the Society's A.G.M. 


Rana temporaria L. Frog 

Male at Leighton Park on 30th March, six there on 2nd 
April (B.T.P.). One croaking in the Horse Pond, Gallowstree 
Common, 1st April. Spawn in Whiteknights Lake, 2nd April 
(B.T.P.) and 15th:.April (S.J.W.). A good example of the 
"explosive breeding" of this species, commencing on the same 
date over a wide area in response to our unpredictable 
climate. Two present during the summer in S.J.W.'s garden 
at Spencers Wood. 

Bufo bufo (L.) Toad 

One dead on road at Emmer Green on 3rd April, two dead at 
Three Firs, Burghfield Common (no date), one dead in 
Binfield Lane near Sonnihg Common on 9th September. Two 
taken alive at Woolhampton in May (Tlr. Richards). 


Anguis fragilis L. Slow Worm 
Common at Kintbury (D.r . Richards). 

Natrix natrix (L.) Grass Snake 

A number of records from Moor Copse and the surrounding 
area from June to September, all from E.M.T., maximum three 
with two young ones in Hogmoor Copse on 11th July. 

Vipera berus (L.) Adder 

One at Pamber Road Garage, Silchester on 11th June (B.T.P.) 


Talpa europaea L. Mole ' . 

Numerous molehills along the banks of the Thames from 

- 28 - 

Caversham Bridge upstream to Scours Lane, November 1977* 
Moles active at Spencers Wood on 10th November 1977, 3rd 
January and 9th February, despite frozen soil on the last 
date (S.J.W.). A mole run in New Copse, Gallowstree Common, 
on l8th December 1977 and several in nearby Wyfold Copse on 
various dates in March 1978. One found dead in Spring Wood, 
Sonning Common, on 3rd June. 

Sorex araneus L. Common Shrew 

Found dead at Spencers Wood on l6th and 21st February 

during the very cold weather, and several heard chattering 

there on 3rd May (S.J.W.). Fifteen heard on various dates 

from l^fth February to 30th June in the Sonning Common area. 

One found dead at Walthani St. Lawrence on 26th April by 

children of the primary school. Several trapped at South Stoke, 1977 

S . minutus L . Pygmy Shrew * " * * ' 

One found dead at Spencers Wood on l6th February (S.J.W.). 
Remains in pellets of Barn Owl, Little Stoke in 1977 • 

Neomys fodiens Pallas Water Shrew 

Seen at South Stoke, and remains found in pellet of 

Sparrowhswk there in 1977 (R.C.L.). 

Erin aceus europaeus L. Hedgehog 

Emerged from hibernation at Spencers Wood on 7th and 8th 
March, after which two were often seen in S.J.W.'s garden. 
One seen scratching vigorously using the hind feet in alt- 
ernation, 12th August. Courtship circling so frequent that 
a track of 0.6 metres (2 feet) diameter was worn in the 
grass. Road fatalities unusually common during the year, 
mainly on country roads south of Reading but also at Caversham 
and on the Basingstoke Road in Reading. One discovered in 
a half bale of hay at Spencers Wood on 3rd November 1977 
(all S. J. W.). One dead on road east of Henley, on 1st 
October, five seen alive , .eleven dead on roads around Sonning 
Common from 15th to 28th November 1977 and 12th May to 17th 
August 1978, five, seen together, mostly young, on Crversham 
Park Estate on 20th May, one on 2^th May and two on l$thr~, 
S e ± . t ember . 

Pipistrellus pipistrellus (Schreber) Pipistrelle 
Several seen at Spencers Wood on all warm days up to 
November (S.J..W.); thirty to forty in summer roost under 
facing tiles of house wall at 1 Blenheim Road (D.D.McD.).. 

Nyctalus noctula (Schreber) Noctule 

One or two seen often at Spencers Wood. Up to four at Cross 
Lane. Farm, Beech Hill in September and October. Several 
seen on the R.D.N.H.S. excursion to Stratfield Saye on ^th 
May ( all S . J . W . ) . 

Plecotu s auritus (L. ) Long-eared Bat 

One in the living-room of 3 Priory Copse, Peppard Common, on 
11th October evaded all attempts at capture until evicted by 
the Recorder with a shrimping net. This highly publicity- 
conscious mammal was evidently determined to remain in the 
room until the following day, thus earning a mention in both 

- 29 - 

this and the next issue of Beading Naturalist (see note at 
end of Fish section) . 

Vulpes vulpes (L.) Fox 

Six cubs reared at 2k Northcourt Avenue in 1977 (G.M.). 
One at Spencers Wood on 21st January ,, four cubs playing at 
Pingewood on the late date of 26th July, one dead on the M4 
at Burghfield (S.J.W.). One dead in Hartslock Woods on 
12th February (C.BB. Two near Rectory Road, Padworth, on 
12th March (M.J.H.). One in the Coombes, Barkham Hill, no 
date, (M.C. and D.A.). One barking at Crowsley on 19th 
October 1977 » the first time I have heard this call in our 
area, three short gruff barks being uttered within one 
second. One at Cucumber Plantation, Sonning Common, mobbed 
by a pair of crows, l4th June. Foxes heard or signs seen 
in the Sonning Common area, and a long-dead corpse found, 
on eight other dates from 5th February to 10th October; 

M eles meles (L.) Badger 

A cub dead on the A33 near Swallowfield, no date. Setts in 
Sandy Lane and the Coombes, Barkham Hill, an area which in 
the past has produced few records (M.C. and D.A.). One 
found dying in Binfield Lane, presumably the victim of a 
war, on 19th August. 

Mustela erminea L. Stoat 

One dead on Inkpen to Kintbury road in April (L.T.P.). 
Tracks seen in Wellington Country Park on ^fth May (M.T.). 
One in Moor Copse on 27th July (B.R.B.). 

M. n iv alis L. Weasel 

One seen at South Stoke in 1977 (R.C.L.). One seen in Park 
Wood, Moor Copse, on l6th April, pursuing a baby rabbit into 
cover, returned to sight without its prey (E.M.T.). 

Oryctolagus cuniculus (L.) Rabbit 

Fewer seen than usual around Spencers Wood, one juvenile 
caught by a cat on 12th August (S.J.W.). Many south of 
Shiplake on 11th April, abundant signs at Shiplake Row on 
9th June. Present at Bagnor on 6th May (R.D.N.H.S. 
excursion) . There were one hundred and fifty sightings in 
the Sonning Common area, up to eight or nine together on 
several occasions. One case of myxomatosis. 

Lepus capensis Pallas Erown Hare 

One west of White Horse H ill on 1st July (R.D.N.H.S. 
excursion); six sightings in the Sonning Common area, never 
more than two together. 

Musca rdinus avella nariu s (L.) Dormouse 

A colony at Upper Basildon (T.D.). Last reported in 1975 

from Sawyers Wood, Tidmarsh, not far from Upper Basildon. 

Myocastor coypus (Molina) Coypu 

A report received via M.B. of an enormous rat supposedly 
0.7 metre in length, in a stream near R.O.F. (Royal Ordnance 
Factory), Burghfield, can only relate to this species. 

Clethrionomys glareolus Schreber Bank Vole 

Remains found" in pellet of Tawny Owl at Goring in 1977 


- 30 - 

Arvicola amphibius (L.) Water Vole 

Signs at South Stoke in 1977 (R.C.L.). Present at Bagnor 
by the Lambourn on 6th May (R.D.N.H.S. excursion). In brook 
under Station Road, Theale, in the summer of 1978 (S.J.W.). 

Microtus agrestis (L.) Short-tailed Vole 

Trapped at South Stoke in 1977 in some numbers, remains found 
in pellets of Sparrowhawk at South Stoke, of Barn Owl at 
Little Stoke and of Short-eared Owl at Hartslock (R.C.L.). 
One found dead at 82 Kennylands Road, Sonning Common, on 
21st January. 

Apo demus sylvaticus (L.) Wood Mouse 

One frequented Chiltern Edge Church at Gallowstree Common 
from November to December 1977> when it was trapped. One in 
toolshed at 82 Kennylands Road, December 1977 • Trapped in 
large numbers at South Stoke, Goring and Hartslock in 1977, 
also remains found in pellets of Sparrowhawk, Kestrel and 
Tawny Owl at South Stoke and of Barn Owl at Little Stoke 
(R.C.L.). Two to three in nest under broody hen house at 
Spencers Wood with a hoard, of IKg. of wheat from 3rd January 
until ousted by a rat which was in occupation on 5th March 

A. flavicollis Melchior Yellow-necked Mouse 

Trapped at South Stoke, absent from Goring and Hartslock in 

1977 (R.C.L.). 

Micromys minutus (L.) Harvest Mouse' 

Trapped at South Stoke in 1977 5 remains found in pellet of 
Barn Owl at Little Stoke in 1977 (R.C.L.). One killed by 
cat at Spencers Wood on 17th January (S.J.W.). 

Rattus norvegicus Berk. Brown Rat 

One dead in Valpy Street on 22nd November 1977 » One dead at 
Watlington on 26th November 1977- One under hen house at 
Spencers Wood on 5th March (S.J.W.). Juvenile in Woodlands 
Road, Sonning Common, on 11th January . One dead on road at 
Chalkhouse Green on 3rd April. Remains in pellet of Barn 
Owl at Little Stoke, 1977 (R.C.L.). Bones in pellet of 
Tawny Owl, Wyfold Copse on 1st October. 

Mus mus cuius L. House Mouse 

Remains in pellet of Kestrel at Goring in 1977 (R.C.L.). 
Two in Town Hall yard, Reading, on 21st June, one dead there 
on 27th June. 

Sciurus caro lin ensis Gmel.. Grey Squirrel 

Up to three seen regularly' at Spencers Wood (S.J.W.); 

twenty-seven sightings, mostly singles, dead or alive in 

the Sonniiig Common area, including one at Cray's Pond (A.H.C.) 

on 30th September. 

Dama dam a L. Fallow Deer 

A pale greyish female at Sj^encers Wood on 11th December 
1977 (H.L.C.). A male groaning in Crowsley Forest on 20th 
October 1977. Sightings or signs of up to three together 
at Crowsley, Flowercroft Wood, Peppard Common, Wyfold Copse, 
Cane End and Hook End, eighteen in all. 

- 31 - 

Capreolus capreolus (L.) Roe Deer 

This species is still expanding its range through our area. 
Slots seen in all parts of Moor Copse from 2nd April 
onwards until one was seen on 17th May by E.M.T. and on- 
23rd May by M.L. Present in the Coornbes, Barkham Hill (M.C. 
and D.A. ) . 

Muntiacus reevesii Ogilby Muntjac 

One seen going from Sonning Lane to the Ak at Twyford early 
on 30th October 1977 (E.L.). Present in the Coombes (M.C. 
and D.A.). Signs or hearings of up to three together at 
Crowsley, Sonning Common, Withy Copse, Peppard Common, 
Wyfold Copse and Nipper's Grove, nineteen in all. I have 
yet to see this deer alive in our area. 

Contributors: ■ 

Danny Alder (D.A.), Brian R. Baker (B.R.B.), Mark 
Baker (M.B.), Richard Bellamy (R.B.), Michael Carson (M.C), 
Anne H. Carter (A.H.C.), H. L. Cook (H.L.C.), Tudor Davies 
(T.D.), Christopher Dyczek (CD.), Malcolm J. Hitchcock 
(M.J.H.), Ross C Laugher (R.C.L.), Mark Littledale (M.L.), 
Grace Marshall (G.M.), D. D. McDonald (D.D.McD.), Basil T. 
Parsons (B.T.P.), Dr. Richards, E. Mary Trembath (E.M.T. ), 
and S. Jocelin Whitfield (S.J.W.). 

My thanks are due to all the above for a fine collect- 
ion of records. It is good to see the hitherto neglected 
small mammals coming into prominence. 

The Recorder's Report for Entomology 1977-78 

by B. R. Baker 

Order Plecoptera (Stone-flies) 

Isoperla grammatica (Poda) Yellow Sally 
Many specimens of this greenish yellow stone-fly Were 
evident on the southern slopes of Carbin's Wood near 
Bucklebury Common on 11th June. They were flying in 
brilliant sunshine and frequently settling on conifers 
and birches along the rides. The species is> abundant 
on the Kennet at Woolhampton about "V/z miles south of 
. Carbin's Wood and we could have been witnessing a 
temperature-induced dispersal flight from the main 
breeding area. 

- 32 - 

Order Odonata (Dragon-flies) 

Ennjlagina _sya;thigerum (Charp.) Common Blue Damsel-fly 
Shinfield Grange, 26th May; Wasing Gravel Pits, 28th May; 
Whiteknights, 21st May; Kennet and Avon Canal, Aldermaston, 
11th June (C.B. ) . 

Pyrrhosoma nymphula (Sulzer) Large Red Damsel-fly 
Shinfield Grange, 26th May; Wasing Lake, 28th May (C.B.). 

Ischnura elegans (van der Linden) Common. Isbhnura 
Whiteknights, 25th May; Shinfield Grange, 26th May; Wasing 
Lake, 28th May; Kennet' and Avon Canal, Aldermaston, 11th 
June; Yateley Common, 2 i (-th July (C.B.). . 

Agridn splendens (Harris) ' Banded Agrion 
Wasing Fish Pond, 28th May; Whiteknights, 31st May; Moor 
Copse Nature Reserve, 3-lst May; Castle Crescent, Reading, 
3rd June; Kennet and Avon Canal, Aldermaston, 11th June; 
Thames, Caversham, 30th July (C.B.). 

A. virgo (L.) Demoiselle Agrion 

Kennet and Avon Canal, Aldermaston, 11th June (C.B.), an 
atypical habitat. This species favours fast running streams 
with a stony bottom as, for example, the river Enborne 
near Brimpton, where it was observed in abundance, also' 
on 11th June . 

Aeshna cyanea (Mull.) Southern Aeshna 

Pamber Forest, 21st July (C.B.). A female of this species 
was unexpectedly taken in the mercury-Vapour moth trap at 
Caversham on the night of 22nd-23rd August. 

Aeshna grandis (L.) Brown Aeshna 

Yateley Common, 24th July; Whiteknights, 28th July; Wasing 

Lake, 30th July; Blue Pool, Tutts Clump, 3rd September 


Anax imperator Leach Emperor Dragon-fly 

Whiteknights, 13th July; Aldermaston, 11th July; Shinfield 

Grange, 17th July; Wasing Lake, 30th July (C.B.). 

Cordulia aenea (L.) Downy Emerald 

basing Lake, 28th May; Wasing Fish Pond, 28th May (C.B.). 

Libellula depressa L. Broad-bodied Libellula 
Castle Crescent, Reading, 3rd June; Hartslock, k$:h June; 
Kennet and Avon Canal, Aldermaston, 11th June (C.B. )'. 
Carbin's Wood, Bucklebury Common, 11th June. 

Libel l ula quadrimaculata L. Four-spotted Libellula 
Wasing Gravel Pits, 28th May (C.B.). 

Order Hemiptera (Plant Bugs, Frog-Hoppers , etc . ) 

Cyphostethus tristriatus (F.) Juniper Bug 
Kennylands Road, Sonning Common, two specimens on 16th 
April and one on l6th May (H.H.C.). Both of these were 
noted on C upre ss us ma c rocarpa , but not on adjacent 
C . 1 awsoniana and although they were not seen feeding 

- 33 - 

thereon this is the first positive indication of a food- 
plant alternative to Junipe rus communis . An interesting 
record which provides a possible answer to the puzzle posed 
by earlier records in the Reading Naturalist by A. P. who 
noted this species in town gardens. (See Reading Naturalist 
No. 26 p. 38.) 

Peritrechus lundi (Gmel.) 
Crowsley, 17th May (H.H.C.) 

Kleidocerys truncatulus (Walk.) 

Finchampstead Ridges, 17th June, 1976 (R.G.L.). 

Psallus perrisi (M. & R.) 

Chalkhouse Green, 6th June; Crowsley, l^fth June (H.H.C.). 

Plagiognathus albipennis (Fall.) 

Sindlesham Mill, 29th August, 1976 (R.G.L.). 

Sthenarus rotermundi (Scholtz) 
Crowsley, l4th June (H.H.C. ) . 

Campyloneura virgula (Herr.) 
Crowsley, 1st August (H.H.C). 

Dryophilocoris fulvoquadrimaculatus ( De g . ) 
Wyfold Copse, 11th June (H.H.C). 

Calocoris fulvomaculatus (Deg.) 
Crowsley, l8th July (H.H.C). 

Oncopsis flavicollis (L. ) 

Finchampstead Ridges, 17th June 1976 (R.G.L.). 

Macropsis scutellata (Boh.) 
Crowsley, 30th August (H.H.C). 

Errastunus ocellaris (Fall.) 

Finchampstead Ridges, 17th June 1976 (R.G.L.). 

Order Coleoptera (Beetles) 

Lampyris noctiluca (L.) Glow-worm 

Bucklebury Common, 17th June; a female glow-worm discovered 
under a piece of bark on the ground on the occasion of the 
Society's visit to this locality (K.A.). Cow Common, VJell 
Barn Estate near Streatley, l4th July; a male attracted to 
mercury-vapour light on the occasion of the Society's 
Entomological Evening. 

Harmonia quadripunctata (Pont). 
Crowsley, 7th June (H.H.C). 

Nacerdes melanura (L.) The Wharf -borer 

Caversham, 11th July, a single specimen from a local shop 

submitted to the Museum, our first record for many years. 

Lucanus cervus (L.) Stag Beetle 

37, Ashmore Road, Reading, 12th June; 2k, Donkin Hill, 
Caversham, 21st June; both specimens submitted to the Museum 
by local residents. 

- 3^ - 

Order Diptera (True Flies) 

Ctenophora bima culata ( L . ) 

Highstanding Hill, Windsor, 28th May (R.G.L.) 

Anop heles clavig er ( Mg . ) 

Pamber Forest, c. 1971 (B.T.P.).. . 

Asilus crabronif ormi s L. 

Lardon Chase, Streatley, l6th September. 

Platypalpus pseudociliaris Strobl 
Crowsley, 20th June (H.H.C.). 

Rhamphomyia tar sat a Mg. 
Crowsley, 14th June (H.H.C.). 

Ernpis al b inervis Mg. 
Crowsley, 1st August (H.H.C.). 

Euleia heraclei (L. ) 
Crowsley, 20th June (H.H.C.). 

Trypeta zpe ( Mg . ) 

Wyfold Copse, 11th June (H.H. C.) 

Torel lia serr at ulae (L. ) 

S indie sham Mill, 29th August, 1976 (R.G.L. ). 

Limni a un guicornis ( Sc op . ) 
Crowsley, l*fth June (H.H.C.). 

Copromyza fjavipennis ( Hal . ) 
Crowsley, 11th May (H.H.C.). 

Fannia atra (Stein) 
Crowsley, l4th June (H.H.C.). 

Helina quadrimaculella Hennig 
Crowsley, 7th June (H.H.C.). 

Order Hyme no ptera (Saw-flies, Ichneumon-flies, Bees, Ants 

& Wasps) 

Urocerus gigas (L.) Giant Woodwasp or Giant Horntail 
Shiplake, Tilehurst, Whitley Wood, Kidmore End and Sonning 
Common during the period from 20th August to 23rd 
September. An extraordinary year for this species, spec- 
imens having been- received at the Museum over the period 

Dole rus aericeps Thorn. 

Whiteknights, 22nd August, 1976 (R.G.L.). 

Tenthredo d istinguenda (Stein) • ■ 

Crowsley, 7th June (H.H.C.). 

Ophion minutus Kriech. 
Crowsley, 11th May (H.H.C.). 

0. scute l lari 's Thorn. 

Aldermaston, 30th April (G.E-F.). Caversham, plst May. 

- 35 - 

Cleony mus de pressus ( F . ) 
Crowsley, 20th June (H.H.C.). 

Gastracanthus pulcherrimus Westw. 
Chalkhouse Green, 22nd June, 1976 (H.H.C.). 

Andricus quercus-calicis Burgsdorf. 

Arborfield, 20th September, galled acorns submitted to the 
Museum by Mrs. Phipps. H.H.C. adds the following note 
about this interesting little gall-wasp. "A recent immig- 
rant to Britain, unknown here before i960. First taken 
in the Reading area in Crowsley Forest during September 
1976 when the galls collected failed to produce wasps. A 
further supply of galls was collected from amongst leaf 
litter on 25th March 1978 and from these a single agamic 
female emerged in late September. The result of infest- 
ation is a gross distortion of the developing acorn to 
form a mass of angular lobes which overflow the acorn cup. 
In the centre of the mass where the tip of the acorn 
would normally be, there is a small hole through which the 
adult presumably emerges in due course. Members of this 
Society are earnestly requested to keep a look-out for 
this gall so that the progress of the species may be 

Andrena bucephala Stephens 

Crowsley, 17th May, together with its parasitoid No mada hirtipe s Perez. 

Nomada hirtipes Perez 

This species like Urocerus has had an unusually good 

year. (H.H.C). 

Order Lepidoptera (Moths & Butterflies) 

Many interesting records hav,e been received for this 
popular order an", several members are operating mercury 
vapour moth traps in various parts of our County. The trap 
records, some of them compiled on a quantitative basis, 
will also be especially useful when the preparation of a 
new Macro- and Micro-Lepidoptera list for Berkshire (Vice 
County 22) is commenced. 

Hepialus fusconebulosa (Deg.) Map-winged Swift 
Aldermaston, 2nd June , 1976 (G.E-F.; K.H.P.; P.S.). 

Zeuzera pyrina (L.) Leopard Moth 

Aldermaston, 9th July (G.E-F.; K.H.P.; P.S.); Caversham, 

10th July; Pinkneys Green, Maidenhead, l*fth & 15th July 


Apoda avellana (L.) The Festoon 

Aldermaston, 15th June, 1976 (G.E-F.; K.H.P.; P.S.). 

Sphecia bembecif ormis (Hubn.) Lunar Hornet Clearwing 
Tmpstone Plantation, Berks., 22nd July, a female 
observed flying around a sallow bush at c. 5«00 p.m. 

- 36 - 

Conopia myopaeformi s (Borkh.) Red-belted Clearwing 
Alexandra Road, Reading, l6th June (A.P.). 

C. f ornicaef onnis (Esp.) Red-tipped Clearwing 
Woolhampt on , l6th April, larvae in Salix viminalis . 

Dembecia scopigera (Scop.) Six-belted Clearwing 
Hartslock Reserve near Goring, 24t;h June (G. B.); Streatley, 
5th August; Aldermaston, 8th September, a dead specimen 
discovered in a vehicle (P.S.). 

Thymelicus lineola (Ochsenheiner ) Essex Skipper 
South Ascot, mid August. Following Mr. Stand'ley's inter- 
esting record in Reading Naturalist No. 30 we received a 
call that this little butterfly had again appeared, and. a 
joint visit was paid to the locality. The Essex Skipper 
and Small Skipper appeared to occur in equal numbers over 
a fairly wide area; it would be interesting to know if 
the Essex Skipper occurs in the Bracknell-Wokingham area. 

Hesperia comma (L.) Silver-spotted Skipper 

Streatley, 3th August; Pyrton Hill, 22nd August (B.T.P.). 

Gonepteryx rhamni (L.) Brimstone Butterfly 
Caversham, 30th March (H.G.B.); Hartslock Reserve near 
Goring, 5th June, fully grown larvae (B.T.P.); Whiteknights, 
23rd April (J.P.W.); Bracknell, 11th November (M.D.). 

Anthocharis c ardamines (L.) Orange-tip 
In connection with an unusual abundance of this species 
commented on by L.'E.C. who saw it at Moor Copse on 7th 
May, in Reading on 9th and 30th May and at Aston Rowant, 
Aston Upthorpe Down and Hurley on various, dates between 
3rd and 19th June, the following note from outside our 
area, contributed by Miss E. 'M.' Nelmes, is of interest: 
"During a mild spell in February 1978 » a female Orange-tip 
Butterfly was brought to my cottage in Stroud, Glos., for 
identification. It had been caught two days earlier in 
the lounge of a bungalow about a mile away. The day after 
its arrival at the cottage was sunny, though windy, and 
it was put outside, in ah open jar in a sheltered part of 
the garden. Shortly afterwards, it had flown away. The 
garden' has many aubretia and honesty plants and is fre- 
quented by orange-tips o" 

Ly sandr a coridon (Poda) Chalkhill Blue 

Hartslock Reserve near Goring, 24th July, oviposting 

female (B.T.P.). 

L. bellargus (Rott.) Adonis Blue 

Fewer seen than in 1977 but specimens observed over the 
period 4th fo, 19th September (B.T.P.); also recorded by . 
P.S. on 12th September. 

Celastrina argiolus (L.) Holly Blue 

St. Peter's Hill, Caversham, 25th May; Bucklebury Place, 

11th June (B.T.P.); Pamber Forest, 9th August (P.S.). 

Ladog a Camill a (L.) White Admiral 

Pamber Forest in good numbers during July and August, the 
black ab. nigrina also seen (P.S.); Woolhampt on, l6th July 
(B.T.P.). " 

- 37 - 

Apatura iris (L.) Purple Emperor 

Pamber Forest, 11th August, a female seen to fly down to 
a sallow bush (P.S.); near Farley Hill, 20th August - a 
possible sighting (D.T.P.). 

Vanessa atalanta (L.) Red Admiral 

Near Brimpton, 17th June (H.G.B.); Pamber Forest, 27th 
July (P.S.); Caversham, 21st August; Pangbourne , l6th 
September; Tadley Common, A-th November (P.S.); Bracknell, 
12th October; 13th November (M.D.); Reading, 20th 
November (A.M.). 

Aglais urticae (L.) Small Tortoiseshell 

Bracknell, 5th & 17th Mar«h; Crowthorne, 30th March (M.D.); 

Tadley Common, 4th November (P.S.). 

Inachis io (L.) Peacock Butterfly 

Has had a good year, many broods of larvae observed, 

Hartslock, Hardwick, Crowsley, Mortimer and Silchester 


Argynnis aglaja (L.) Dark Green Fritillary 
Hartslock Reserve near Goring, l^fth July (B.T.P.). 

Argynnis paphia (L.) Silver-washed Fritillary 
Pamber Forest, first observed 27th July, the dark form 
valezina also seen at this date, this species was very 
late appearing this year (B.T.P.). 

Melanargia galathea (L.) Marbled White 
Hartslock Reserve near Goring, l^fth July to 8th August, 
numerous (E.T.P.); near Temple Golf Course, 23th July, a 
strong colony (T.J.G.H.). 

Gastropacha quercifolia (L.) Lappet 
Aldermaston, 8th August (G.E-F. ; K.H.P.; P.S.). 

Orthonama ob stipata (Fabr.) The Gem 
Caversham, 25th July*. 

C olostygia multistrigaria (Haw.) Mottled Grey 
Aldermaston, 17th April (G.E-F.; K.H.P.; P.S.). 

Selenia lunularia (Hubn.) Lunar Thorn 

Aldermaston, l*fth June, 1976, 12th June, 1978 (G.E-F.; 

K.H.P.; P.S.). 

Gnophos obscuratus (D. & S.) Annulet 

Aldermaston, 10th & 15th August, 1977 (G.E-F.; K.H.P. ; 


Ptilodontella cucullina (D. & S.) Maple Prominent 
Moor Copse Nature Reserve, 22nd June, a male at rest on a 
tree trunk, new Reserve record; Cow Common, Berks. Downs, 
lAth July. 

Clostera pigra (Hufn.) Small Chocolate Tip 
Aldermaston, 21st July, 1976 (G.E-F.; K.H.P. ; P.S.). 

Euproctis chrysorrhoea (L.) Brown Tail 

Aldermaston, 2^-th July & 6th August, 1977 (G.E-F.; K.H.P.; 

P.S.). The only other record for the County for this 

- 38 - 

normally maritime species appears to be the mention in 
Reading^ Naturalist No. 22, a specimen taken in the 
Leighton Park light-trap. Both the Aldermaston examples 
have been authenticated and provide evidence of the occ- 
asional tendency of this species to wander far from its 
coastal breeding grounds. 

Spaelo tis ravida (D. & S.) Stout Dart 

Caversham, l6th August, two examples in mercury vapour 


Xcstia agathina (Dup.) Heath Rustic 

Snelsmore Common, 8th September, a single specimen. As 
its name implies, this species is an inhabitant of heathy 
localities, though in recent years Berkshire records have 
been few. A specimen was in the Caversham light-trap on 
the morning of 8th September - an interesting and 
unexplained record. 

Cerastis leucographa (D. & S.) White Marked 
Aldermaston, 17th & 22nd April (G.E-F.; K.H.P.; P.S.). 

Hade na cornpta (D. & S.) Varied Coronet 

Caversham, l£th June & l8th July; Earley, 29th June (N.H.) 
- these appear to be the first published records for the 
Vice-County. This moth, whose caterpillar feeds on Sweet 
Williams, first appeared in any numbers in this country 
at Dover in 19^-8, subsequently spreading slowly northwards 
into the eastern counties. It has now reached Berkshire 
from an easterly direction but has yet to be recorded 
from Hampshire . 

Mythimna straminea (Treit.) Southern Wainscot 
Aldermaston,' 23rd August (G.E-F.; K.H.P.; P.S.).- this 
specimen appears to be a wanderer from its main breeding 
area down in the Kennet Valley reedbeds. 

M. unipu ncta (Haw.) American or White-speck Wainscot 
Caversham, 8th November - new Vice-County record. An 
unprecedented migration of this species took place along 
our southern and south-western shores during the autumn. 
There was a major influx in October and a second one in 
early November and it is thought that these may have had 
different origins. Very few of the insects were recorded 
at inland localities but we have heard of one being taken 
at Faringdon (V.C.22); the exact date. has not yet been 

Li t h o phan e i__l . e iau t i e r i {Boisd.) Blair's Shoulder-knot 
Tilehurst, 13th & 21st October (N.H.); Aldermaston, 21st 
October (G.E-F.; K.H.P. ; P.S.); Caversham, 6th November - 
all records refer to single specimens. A total of six 
moths have now been recorded for Berkshire and the spread 
of this interesting species, as predicted in last year's 
Reading Naturalist , seems to be continuing. 

Xanthia gilvago (D. & S . ) Dusky-lemon Sallow 
Earley, l4th September (N.H.) - a noteworthy record of a 
species of which little has been heard in our area in 
recent years. 

- 39 - 

Ipimorpha retusa (L.) Double Kidney 
Aldermaston, 13th August (G.E-F. ; K.H.P.; P.S.). 

Mesoligia literosa (Haw.) Rosy Minor 
Aldermaston, 27th July (G.E-F.; K.H.P.; P.S.). 

Celaena leuc ostigma (H ubn.) The Crescent 
Aldermaston, 3rd September (G.E-F.; K.H.P.; P.S.). 

Heliothis viriplaca (Hufn.) Marbled Clover 
Aldermaston, 17th July (G.E-F.; K.H.P.; P.S.). 

Dia chrysia chr yson (Esp.) Scarce Burnished Brass 
Ald'ermaston, 1st August (G.E-F.; K.H.P. ; P.S.). Another 
example of a species taken away from its main headquarters 
down in the Kennet Valley. 

Parascotia fuliginaria (L.) Waved Black 
Aldermaston, 18th July (G.E-F.; K.H.P. ; P.S.). 

The Society's Entomo l ogical Evening 

This proved a most enjoyable excursion both by way 
of abundance of species seen and nature of the locality. 
Our thanks are due to the Well Barn Estate who gave 
permission for us to work light high up on the chalk 
slopes at Cow Common, a locality where members could 
spread themselves comfortably on the turf and enjoy a 
splendid night's mothing. Under warm conditions we 
recorded a total of eighty-two species though one of the 
most impressive, a large male Privet Hawkmoth, chose not 
to appear until around 2 a.m., a time when some of our 
members had understandably departed for home and bed. 


K. Alexander (K.A.); G. Bellamy (G.B.); Mrs. H. G. 
Baker (H.G.B.); Dr. C. Bucke (C.B.); Miss L. E. Cobb 
(L.E.C.); Dr. M. Dumbleton (M.D.); Lt. Col. G. G. 
Eastwick-Field (G.E-F.); N. Hall (N.H.); T. J. G. Homer 
(T.J.G.H.); R, G. Leeke (R.G.L.); Master Andrew May 
(A.M.); B. T. Parsons (B.T.P.); K. H. Pinnock (K.H.P.); 
P. Silver (P.S.); P. Standley (P.S.); H. H. Carter 
(H.H.C.); A. Price (A. P.); J. P. Warrick (J.P.W.). 

Our thanks are also due to the Director of Reading 
Museum & Art Gallery for allowing us to incorporate any 
relevant records from the Museum's collections and to 
John Ward for carefully scribing the results of the 
Society's Entomological Evening. 

- ko - 


by M. Parry 


- 41 - 

Monthly Weather Notes, 1977 

by M. Parry 




Apri l 






3 . November 


Coldest January since 1966, with air temperatures at or 
below t C for 122 hours: a little drier aud a little 
sunnier than average. 

Warmest for 10 years, but more than twice the normal 
rainfall (yet also sunnier than average): on 23rd, 1.2mm. 
of rain fell in 3 minutes ( a rate of approximately -1 inch 
per hour) • 

Again mild, with 15*6 C (60F) reached on 2nd: wet and dull. 

Cold, with a. mean temperature hardly above that of March 
and a warmest day 3 C colder than that of Saroh:' rainfall 
a little below, sunshine a little above normal. 

Rather cold and. dry, but sunny: 
May day since late May 1966. 

the 27th was the sunniest 

Cold for June, also rather wet, with 20mm. falling on one 
day: on 14th 4»1mm. fell in 3 minutes ( a rate of over 
3 inches per, hour) during a heavy thunderstorm: dullest 
June since, sunshine records began in Reading (1939)> with 
a sunshine record about that of an average March, and 5 
consecutive sunless days, 17th - 21'st. 

Provided the year's warmest day (maximum 26.9 C) : very 
dry (the driest July since 1955) and sunny. 

Continued the cooler- than-average trend: the 1 9th was the 
coldest August night since 1954* With over 5 inches of rain, 
..this was the wettest August since reliable records began at 
this station in 1920 J heavy falls included 10mm. in 12 
minutes (a rate of about 2 inches/hour) and 4»2mm. in 3 
minutes (over 3 inches/hour) in thunderstorm rains on 17th. 

; j 

Cool and very dry, with 18 consecutive dry days constituting 
the year's only drought period. 

The first month since March to be warner than average: dry 
and sunny, though with frequent morning fogs. 

Average month for temperature, but rather dry and sunny: 

also the year's v/indiest month, with a highest gust of 6^ mph. 

Mild month with no snow and half November' s number of air 
frosts: the warmest day's temperature of 14«2 C on 23rd 
was the highest since December, 1961. 

- k2 - 

contributed by M. Parry 



FEB. | MAR. j APR. | HAY | JUNE 
— ^~ .; 1 — 


i \'hi\, 






|___E.Jj]J]. m 







l9 - 6 ] 19#7 Jj5 8 i l6#3 n i - 7 l WJ 13 ^ 



i 6.1 I 5.7 | 10 J I J0£t ]M 18.9 

Q ^4^— j -jj- 3<3 't 6.9t"'T.4 1 11 J [11.1 j ^ 6 j.,. 7 « 6 [j-M, 2 »°l 
^..^„™..„^„.„..^„..^.. ^ ._^ 0|^|.^^| " ^:| 8.7) 6^r 5jj 7.6" 




5.4 { 7.6| 6.9! 

^^ ; +=^^ 




J ~-*j&\ 1 &3 j tfigj : j&f Lj&fl 1 £§•% 1 25.9|23.9 j 23.5 i 23.8|'17.4 1 1 4 J j 2&JB 
^1 23 j 23 "' "pl^T^ F"F " N ^T"29~"' TV j J23j ^2 | ; & 11 [jiayjf 

„. ; -7.2 j -7.4 j -3.0 j -1.9 j 3.1 j 4.1 j 4.9 j 5.2/ j 4.3 [ 2.0J -4.5J -63 j -U 

18 T 11 6 I 13 I 10 Ij '"^ »* ™ h R ?Q f 9Q 1Q 

D [.-" ,u ™ II I £LiJ! 20 [18,29 | 29 JM F ^ 11 

p.12.9 j *1 6,1 ] »10^ ! I93TX 9 T^T^.9T-T5T-1.8 { -3.&J-12.7} -12.8 j -16.1 



^ SUH. 

j $ P0SS. 

j 70.5 {50.8 j 119.4 1114.3? 201 ^jJ79.9 M^i 185JJJI69^ { 

27 Ij 8 ~L? !" z i i 11 JL.Q 9 4L J 17 




j IN 1 DAY 

'2.3 ! 1.8 | 3.9 | 3.8 1 6.5! 

' ! I ! ! i 

S : t 5 t 1 

rrr^r* ■■••trtun iWIMrit rtrrnrlt «fiitr>rfir»«f>»ivn>|fi«>f« •».»• ■ ■ • r^rttitr.f //i/ w aWnnn 

« I i ! i < 

J 72 j 42 I jj7_ I 4^ j 66 j 

16 -.-Ln- FS " M 6 - p£ 

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-1 13.5 9.6 [ 8.8 j 7j3J15^ j 

27 I 4 j 15 f 25 5 


6JD | 4.7| 6.0 j 5.6 I 3.3 2.7 
36 I 71 1 50 

10 j—7^"! 5. 


8.1 [30.5 14.9] 9.5 

if"\l\ '""z "T13 

4 1 — 

™ 2,9 i 5^1 ^ I ^ 

■ rj- ioTrIec.10 


my- days 



0900 G.i;.T 


- 43 - 

Monthly Weather Notes, 1978 . 

JANUARY A changeable month. Though only slightly cooler than average, it 
had more air frosts than any January since 1 968 and most ground 
frosts since 1963. Both wetter and sunnier than usual. 

FEBRUARY Coldest February since 1969 and with the longest duration (237 hours) 
of freezing temperatures in February since 1963. Slightly drier 
and less sunny than average. 

MARCH Warmer, wetter and yet sunnier than averse, 'in unsettled month xvith 
some very low barometric pressures and some strong winds. 

APRIL A cold month {2 degrees C. below normal) with day-time temperatures 
especially low; the coldest April since 1922. Although in fact 
slightly drier than average, it was the wettest April since 1973 
(illustrating the recent tendency towards dry spring months) . Also 
the dullest April since 1966. 

MAY A month of average temperature, though the first half was cool and 

the second mild, and the last day of the month was the warmest of 
the whole year (an unusual distinction for May and an indication of 
the coolness of the summer). Wetter and sunnier than average. Also 
notable for its unusually high frequency of winds between North 
and East (Qtf) . 

JUNE Cool, somewhat drier than average, but also very deficient in sunshine. 

JULY Again cooler than average and very dull (least July sunshine since 
1963). Somewhat wetter than average. 

AUGUST : Again cool but quite sunny, with less than average rainfall. This 

completed a trio of summer months about 1 degree C. cooler than normal. 

SEPTEMBER Average temperatures but very dry o.nd sunny (the sunniest September 
since 1 971 ) • 

DCTOBER The first warm month (in relation to average) since March, with its 
... warmest day exceeding that of September and rivalling that of .."aigust. 
Also extremely dry (usually October is the second wettest month of 
..•• the year) : a late taste of summer. 

NOVEMBER The warmest November since 1963 and also uncharacteristically dry 
(November is usually th e wettest month), the driest since 1956. 

DECEMBER Near-average temperatures but the wettest month of the year and 

the wettest December since 1934. The 10th. was not- only 1978's wettest 
day but also the wettest December day in the University station's 
record (which began in 1 921 ) . 

- ifif - 

Mem bership Lis t 

Honorary Members 

Butler, Miss K. I., 5*+ Alexandra Road, Reading RG1-5PP 
Hora, Dr. F. B., 51 Eastern Avenue, Reading 

Sandels, Mrs. A. M. , 3 Churchill House, Hailey Road, . Chipping 

•Norton 0X7 5JP 
Watson, Dr. E. V., B.Sc, Ph.D., F.L.S., Little Court, Cleeve, 

Goring-on-Thames, Oxon. 
Watson, Miss J. M. , 30 Westwood Road, Tilehurst, Reading 

Ordinary, Junior and Family Members 

Adams, Christopher John, B.Sc., 50 Fairford Road, Tilehurst, 

Reading RG3 6o„R 
Adams, Miss Marjorie D. H., 26 Thornhill, Harmanswater Road-,- 

- • ' Bracknell ,_ Berks. , RG12 3LY 
Alexander, Keith N. A., B.Sc., Alderhurst, Bakeham Lane', 

Englefield .Green, Egham, Surrey 
Andrews, P., Ph.D., 9 Wychwood Close, Earley, Reading 
Andrews, Mrs. Joyce, Ph.D., " " " 

Archer, D. F., 19^ Silverdale Road, Earley, Reading RG6 2NB 
Archer, Mrs., » » " " ' " ' " " 
Archer, Catherine, " " " " " " 
Archer, Martine, M " ". . " " " 
Ashwell, Mrs. K. M., 7 Woodland Drive, Tilehurst, Reading 
Baker, Brian R., B.Sc, F.M.A., F.R.E.S., 25 Matlock Road, 

Caversham, Reading 
Baker, Mrs. Heather, " " " 

Ballantine , Mrs. Fiona, Greyrigg, Green Lane, Pangbdurne" , 

Reading RG8 7BG 
Bartlett, Mrs. Carol, k Elmcroft, Goring-on-Thames j 

Reading RG8 9EV 
Beek, Mrs. Meryl, 29 Morecombe Avenue, Caversham, Reading 

RG^f 7NL 
Bellamy, G. C., B.Sc, Deans Farm, Lower Caversham, Reading 
Bellamy, .Mrs. Patricia H., M.Sc., " M " 
Benda, P., 3 Tupsley Road, Coley Park, Reading 
Benda, Mrs. , " " " " " 
Bentall, Miss E. M., Crooksbury, ikk Upper Woodcote Rdad, 

• , Caversham, Reading 

Bernard, Miss B» , 10 Deepdene Close , •Reading ) ■ 
Betts," Mrs. Jill' M. , Wells Hall, Upper Redlands Road, 

Reading RG1 5JF 
Bowen, H. J. M. T - M.A., D.Phil., 20 Winchester Road, Oxford'' 

" 0X2 6'NA 
Brickstock, Dr. A., 25 Cockney Hill, Tilehurst, Reading RG3 ^HF 
Brickstock, Mrs. I. M., " " " ' " " " 
Brown, C. L., 68 Kidmore Road, Caversham, Reading 
Brown, Nicola, " " " " " ' 
Brown, S. M.-, I.C.I. Plant Protection Division, Jealotts Hill 

Research Station, Bracknell, RG12 6EY 

- 45 - 



















Bryant, D. T. W. , L.R.I.C., 68 Warborough Avenue, Tilehurst, 

Reading, RG3 5LS 
Bryant, Mrs. Sheila M. , 
Bryant, Gillian, 
Bryant, Neil, 
Bryant, M. G., B.Sc, 3 Mansfield Road, Reading 
Bryant, Mrs. V. M., B.Ed., » " . " 
Buchanan, J. C, Westwards, South Moreton, Didcot, Oxon. 

... .. 0X11 9AD 
Bucke, Christopher, B.Sc, Ph.D., 28 Valerie Court, Bath Road, 

Reading RG1 6HP 
Buckley, David K., 113 Blagdon Road, Reading RG2 7NJ 
Budden, M. D* , 17 Barnsdale Road, Reading RG2 7SG 
Bunting, Prof. A. H., M.Sc, Dept. of Agricultural Botany, 

The University, Reading 
Buss, Ashley Spender, 2 Pembroke Place, Caversham, Reading 
Buzek, Miss Dana, Linwood, Maybourne Rise, May ford, Surrey 
Carter, H. H., M.A. , B.Sc, A.M. A., 82 Kennylands Road, 

Sonning Common, Reading BGk 9JT 
Chapman, Miss Joan D;, B.A., 26 Birdhill Avenue , Reading 

RG2 7JT 
Chappie, Rodney G. , 2 Wavell Close, Reading RG2 8EJ 
Cheke, Miss V. E., 50 Petworth Court, Bath Road, Reading RG1 6PH 
Clarke, Miss Jennifer M. , 15 Clanfield Crescent, Tilehurst, 

Clements, Miss M. J. W., 108 Kenilworth Avenue, Reading 
Cobb, Miss Leonie E., B.A., ^ Northcourt Avenue, Reading 

RG2 7HE 
Codling, Mrs. E., Flat 2, 83 Bake'r Street, Reading RG1 7XY 
Cole, J. A., M.Sc., 30 Nicholas Road, Henley-on-Thames 
Cole, Mrs., B.A., " » " " " " 
Collier, Mrs. R. A., M.I. Biol., The Herb Garden, k7 Albion 

Road, Sandhurst, Camberley, Surrey GU17 8BP 
Copeland, Mrs. J. M. , 135 Overdown Road, Tilehurst, Reading 
Corrall, L. N. , 8 Greenleas Avenue, Emmer Green, Reading 

RGk 8TA 
Corrall, Mrs., " M " « " " " M 
Cotton, D. C. F., Dept. of Agricultural Biology, University 

College, Glasnevin, Dublin 9/ Eire 
Cox, Mrs. Paula R. , 102 Westwood Road, Tilehurst, Reading 

' " RG3 5PP 
Cuss, Peter, 5 Copse Avenue, Caversham, Reading 
Davies, Raymond W., 8l Galsworthy Drive, Caversham Park 

Village, Reading 
Davies, Mrs. Doreen, 
Davies, Judith, 
Davies, Robin, 

Dicker, Mrs. Iris, Pinecroft, 109 Nash Grove Lane, Wokingham, 

Berks . 
Dicker, Miss M. J., 23/193 Wensley Road, Reading RG1 6EA 
Diserens, J. N., 113 Redhatch Drive, Earley, Reading 
Diserens, Mrs. Mary, " 
Diserens, Heather, " 
Diserens, Stephen, " 
Dowman, Miss I., 52 Vine Crescent, Burghfield Road, Reading 














It • 







' ' tt 




- k6 - 

"'^"'""'l " 

i v"-J-"i ii'-iu' 










• It 






II It It It ■ II tt 

Downey, S. E., 3^ West Green Court, Reading 

Downey, Mrs. E. A., " " " " 

Drake , C. M. , D'ept. of Zoology, Reading University, 

Whiteknights , Reading 
Dumbleton, Dr. M. J., 25 Warfield Road, Bracknell,' Berks . 
Durable ton, Mrs. , n it it it it 
Dumbleton, Miriam, » " " " " 
Dumbleton, Helen, " '" " " " 
Dumbleton, Andrew, M " M " ' ' " 
East, Mrs. Marjorie C. C., 332 London Road, Earley, Reading 

RG6 1AR 
Eastwick-Field, Lt.-Col. G. G. , Little Earlstone, Burghclere, 

Newbury, Berks. 
Eastwick-Field, P. G.,, » » » " 

Eley, P. R. , The Orchard, Tenners Lane, Chalkhouse Green, 

Emerson, Mrs. Joyce M., k Stoneham Close, Tilehurst, Reading 
Englefield, George, 7 Clare Avenue, Wokingham RG11 1EB 
Englefield, Mrs., " 
Englefield, Stuart, " 
Englefield, Graham, " 

Erith, Miss A. G., B.Sc, Ph.D., 70 Highmoor Road, Caversham, 

Ferguson, Lt.-Col. C. H. A., 2 Friars Road, Newbury RGl^f 7«#J 
Ferguson, Mrs. D. A. M. , 

Fletcher, Michael V., 70 South Street, Reading 
Fletcher, Mrs. Iris, " " " " 
Fletcher, Colin, " " " " 
Fletcher, atherine, M " " " 
Flew, Prof. A. G. N. , 26 Alexandra Road, Reading 
Flew, Mrs. Annis , " " " " 
Flew, Harriet, " " H " 
Flew, Joanna, " " " M 

Flower, Mrs. C. D. R. , S.R.N. , F.Z.S., 77 White knight's Road, 

Reading RG6 2BB 
Foat, N.J.W., Flat 2, 1+6 Redlands Road, Reading 
Foley-Fisher , David, 11 Buckden Close, Woodley, Reading 
Foley-Fisher, Mrs. Mary, " " " " 
Foley-Fisher, Dr. J. A., l8 Betchworth Avenue ," Earley , Reading 
Foley-Fisher, Mrs. Beryl, " "' ; " " " " 
Frank, Mrs. C. M., Netherleigh, Riverview Road, Pangbourne, 

Berks . 
Frewin, S., Malvern, Shurlock Row-, Reading RG10 O^N 
Frewin, Mrs.. S., M 

Mannes-Abbott, Guy, " 

Marines -Abbott, Kim, " 
Gambles, R. M., Windings, Whitchurch Hill, Reading' RG8 7NU 
Gambles, Mrs. M., " " " " ■' " " 
Gentry, C, 9*i The Fairway, Burnham, Slough SL1 8DY 
Gentry, Howard, " " " " " " 
Gipson, Peter, 96 Chapel Hill, Tilehurst, Reading 
Gobbett, R., 53 Maple Crescent, Basingstoke 
Gobbet t, Mrs. K. , " » " 

Grayer, C. J., B.Sc, 13 Brook Close, Wokingham, RG11 1ND 
Grayer, Mrs. R. J., Biol. Drs . (Leiden) ■"• ,r 













- hi - 

Greczko, Miss Anne, 21 Nelson Road, Caversham, Reading RGk OAT 
Green, W. A., Fairford House, Basingstoke Road, Spencers 

Wood', Reading 
Green, Mrs., M - " " " |« " 
Grimes, Eric F., Breydon, Behoes Lar© , Woodcote, Reading 

Gupta, Sanjeev, 23 St. Saviour's Road, Reading RG1 6EJ 
Guymer, J. A., Clevelands, Springwood Lane, Burghfield Common, 

Nr. Reading 
Guymer, Mrs. M. J., " " " " " 
Hall, Glen, 20 Glenwood Drive, Tilehurst , Reading 
Hall, Mrs. Jean, " " " » • 
Hall, Michele, " " " " 
Hall., , I\L Ho., 9 Edney Court, Gladridge Close, Earley, Reading 
Hall, Mrs. M. E., B.Sc, Garth House, St. John's Road,' 

Mortimer, Reading 
Hamilton, Dr. Angela G., Mistletoe Cottage, Devil's Highway, 

Riseley, Swallowfield, Reading 
Hannis, K. , J>k Falmouth Road, Reading RG2 8PP 
Hannis, Mrs., "' " " " " 
Hannis, Miss Jacqueline Anne, " " " " 
Harrigan, Dr. W., Dept. of Food Science, The- University , 

Harrigan, Mrs. Rita, and family, " ; " " " 
Hartwell, V., 37 Byron Close, Earley, Reading' : 
Hartwell, Mrs., " " " . " 
Hawkins, Mrs. S., 63 Tilehurst Road, Reading 
Heather, F. L. , 6 Pembroke Place, Caversham, Reading 
Heather, Mrs. V., " » " " 

Hemken, E., Audley House, Station Road, Earley, Reading 
Herlihy, Mrs. D. J., Cherry Pool, Chestnut Grove, Fleet, 

xlldcrshot, Hants. 
Heron, J. C, 22 Lome Street, Reading 
Hibbert, Miss CM., B.A., M.C.D.', M.R.T.P.I., 7 Sydenham 

House, Lovelace Road, Surbiton, Surrey 
Highwood, Miss Susan, 25 Halpin Close, Calcot, Reading 
Hodge, A. R., 66 Tawfield, Bracknell, Berks. RG12 4YU 
Hodge, Mrs. D. J., " " " " " 

Hogger, John B., L.I. Biol., 35 Coley Hill, Reading 
Holly, Miss E. F., 38 Kings Road, Henley-on-Thames RG9 2DG 
Holmes, Mrs. J. M. , 1 Darrell Road, Caversham-, Reading 
Homer, Theo, J. G., M.A., St. Timothee, Pinkneys Green, 

Maidenhead SL6 6PA 
Hooper, Philip, h- Almond Drive, Caversham Park- Village , 

Houghton, Anthony, 68 Redlands Road, Reading 
Houghton, Mrs. Elizabeth, " 
Houghton, Rebecca, 
Houghton, Timothy, 
Houghton, Andrew, " 

Housden, Mrs. H. V M 9 Knowle Close, Upper Woodcote Road, 

Caversham, Reading 
Housden, Miss June M.V., B.Sc., " " " " 
Hunt, Miss Joan M. , 32 Cholmeley Road, Reading 
Hutchinson, C. J., 22 Birchview Close, Yateley ,•' Camberley , 











48 - 
















Hutt, T. W. J., 36 Winton Road, Reading RG2 8HH 
Hutt, Mrs. D. M., " " " " " 
Hutt, R. T., t. ,1 11 11 n 11 

Irving, D., B.Sc, 23 Grosvenor Road, Cavershara, Reading 

Irving, Mrs., " " » " " 

Jackman, Mrs. Jennifer Mary, B.Sc., 19 Matlock Road, Caversham, 

■ ■ • Reading RQk 7BP 
Jalland, Raymond V., 50 Hanwood Close, Woodley, Reading 
Jalland , Mrs . Elaine , 

Senior, Kim, 

Senior, Paul, 
Jeffery, C. W. , 32 Woolford Way, Winklebury Estate, 

Basingstoke, Hants. RG23 8AT 
Kay, Mrs. B. , M.Sc, 39 St. Peter's Avenue, Caversham, Reading 
Kemp, B. R. , B.A., Ph.D., 12 Redhatch Drive, Earley, Reading 
Lambden, Mrs. H. D. , B.Sc., 7^ Beech Lane, Earley, Reading 
Lappin, G., k3 Gloucester Road, Reading 

Lee, Mrs. K. E., hZ Chalkpit Cottages, Englefield, Reading 
Lee, Miss Miriam Marjorie, Ih Denmark Road, ' ' • Reading 

RG1 5 PA 
Leeke, Cyril J., B.Sc, A. M.I. Biol., 1 Heathway, Chapel Hill, 

Tilehurst, Reading 
LeMare, Dr. P., 66 Highmoor Road, Caversham, Reading 
LeMare, Mrs. J., " » M " " 
Levy, Bernard G., B.A., Ph.D., Tinepits Cottage, Whitchurch 

Hill, Pangbourne, Reading 
Lewis, Miss P. E., 39 Salcombe Drive, Earley , T Reading 
Lomax, Mrs. C. J., 11 Roundhead Road, Theale, Reading RG7 5DL 
Lorimer, J. A., B.A., M.B., B.Ch., M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P., 

The Pines, 276 Wokingham Road, Reading 
Lorimer, Mrs., " " " : " " " 

Lucy, George, Pike Croft, Ridgemount Close, Long Lane, 

Tilehurst, Reading 
Lucy, Mrs. Dora, " " " " " " 
Lush, Miss Gillian M. , 32 Matthews Green Road, Wokingham 
Lush,..R., " " " " " 

McCord, Miss Anne, M. Phil., 78 Fairford Road, Tilehurst, 

• - Reading RG3 6<^P 

Mcintosh, Miss Sue, 131 Hyde. End Road, Shinfield, Berks. 
McMurtry, S., Pypers Piece, Kingwood Common, Henley-on-Thames 
McMurtry, Mrs., " » " " ■" " " 
McMurtry, Karen, " " » " » " » 
McMurtry, Andrew," , " ' " " • • ■ • ••»-•• " « 
Mannes-Abbott , see under Frewin 

Mansbridge , Mrs. Margaret, k2 Courts Road, Earley, Reading ' ' 
Martin, Miss J. P., Flat 3, Brewery House ,• Aldermaston 
Moon, A. E., F.R.Met.S., 267 Mount Pleasant Road, Hastings, 

E. Sussex TN3^ 3SS 
Morphev;, David, Flat 16, 28 Castle Crescent, Reading 
Morris, Miss B. J., B.Sc, 

Mount, Mrs. Philippa, 9 Hillside, Whitchurch, Oxon, RG8 7HL 
Needs, Miss B., 26 Lome Street, 'Reading 

Nelmes, Miss Enid M., M.A., Dormers, 19^- Cainscross Road, 

Stroud, Glos. 

- i*9 - 

Newman, Dr. C. L., Weatherfox Cottage, Manor Farm Lane, 

Tidmarsh, Pangbourne, Berks. 

Newman, Mrs. C. M., 

Newman, Timothy, 

Newman, Jonothan, 

Newman, Jeremy, 

Newman, J. F., B.Sc. 









x . ri . XL. . o . , 





Newman, Mrs. B. M., B.Sc, 
Newman, John, 37 Sevenoaks Ro; 

Earley Cottage, 25 Beech Lane, 

Earley, Reading RG6 2PT 

it it ii it ii 

d , Maiden Erlegh, Reading 

Oakley, J.G., 5 Lancaster Gardens, Earley, Reading RG6 2PA 

Oakley, Mrs., " » 












It II 




II It 




It It 



II ' 

It II 

Oakley, Miss Carol, 

Oakley, David, 

Oakley, Nigel, 

Oakley, Susan, 

Ogg, Colin John, Wey-Wood, Ashampstead Road, Bradfield, 

Reading, Berks. 
Oilier, Mrs. V., 101, Wilderness Road, Earley, Reading 
Oilier, Mark E., " " " " " 
Olver, Miss Catherine, J>8 New Road, Reading 
Owen, Dr. Harold, Dept. of Agricultural Botany, The University, 

Padlc-y, F. C ., M.B.E., 2 Eldon Place, Reading 
Parker, W., 17 Meadow Way, Dorney Reach, Maidenhead, Berks. 
Paul, Mrs. Vera N. , B.Sc., Overdale, Peppard Common, Reading 
Pauline, W. E., k3 Warnford Road, Tilehurst, Reading 
Pauline, Mrs., " " »' " " 
Pearce, Eric, 7 Gladridge Close, Earley, Reading RG6 2DL 
Pearce, Mrs., "' '" M " " " " 
Penman, Bruce, 123 Upper Woodcote Road, Caversham, Reading- 
Perry, Mrs. Amy K., kk Reading Road, Burghfield Common, 

Reading RG7 3^' ; - 
Perry, Rowena, " " " 
Phillips, Nigel J., The Warden's House, 

Phillips, Mrs.- -Janet," «' '« » " " " 
Pont, Adrian C, B.A., M.I. Biol., F.R.E.S., Oakleigh, 

Gatehampton Road, Goring-on-Thames , Oxon. 
Pont, Mrs. B., " » " " " " 

Preece, Mrs. Jean, 23 Oak Tree Road, Tilehurst, Reading 

RG3 6JN 
Pretlove, Dr. A. J., 10 Brunswick Hill, Reading 
Pretlove, Mrs., " " " " 
Price, Arthur, 6 Mansfield Road, Reading, 

Pridgeon, Mrs. S. M., 30 Whitley Wood Road, Reading RG2 8JA 
Reed, B. A., 285 Overd'own Road, Tilehurst, Reading RG3 6PL 
Reed, Cabryn, " " " " '» " " 
Reed, Rhonwen, " " ' " " " " " 
Rhodes, Mrs. Kathleen F., B.Sc., 65 Tilehurst Road, Reading- 

RG3 2 JC 
Robertson, Miss J. S. T 8l Westwood Green, Cookham 
Rowe , Philip George', A. 1. 1. P., Boundary Hall, Tadley, 

Basingstoke, Hants. RG26 6(^D 
Sandell, K. A., 15 Britten Road, Basingstoke, Hants. RG22 A-HN 

It II 


Bix Bottom, 

- 50 - 

Sandford, J. E., St. Elmo, South Stoke Road, Woodcote, 

Reading RG8 OPL 
Sandford, Mrs. , " " " " " " " " 
Sealy, Mrs. Joan D., 38 Western Elms Avenue, Reading RG3 2AN 
Sell, Martin R. W., L.A., 2 Welland Close, Tilehurst, Reading 
Senior, see under Jalland 

Slade, M. 3., B.Sc, 230 Southampton Street, Reading RG1 2RD 
Slade, Mrs., B.Sc., " " " " " " 
Smith, Robert H. , B.A., M.Sc., Dept. of Zoology, The University, 

Stacey, Miss Mary, 8 Church Street, Theale, Reading RG7 5HT 
Stafford, A. D. , 83 Hatherley Road, R e ading RG1 5QE 
Stafford, Mrs. A. D., B.Sc, » » " " 
Stafford, Mrs. C. M., 28 Rowan Close, Sonning Common, Reading 
Stagles, T. R., V? Froghall Drive, Wokingham 

Steven, Dr. Eluned Mair, 9 Wincroft Road, Caversham, Reading 
Stollery, James, 6 Lea View, Hermitage, Newbury 
Stone, Miss A. D. , 296 London Road, Earley, Reading 
Street, Mrs. H. A., Vienna House, New Road, Holyport, 

Maidenhead, SL6 2L^> 
Tampion, William, M.A., PhD., 239 Hemdean Road, Caversham, 

Reading RG^ 7QX 
Tampion, Mrs. Doreen, " " " " " 

Tampion, Ariadne Ann, " " " " " 

Tampion, Penelope Jane, " " " " " 
Tampion, Helen Zoe, " " » " " 

Taylor, H. K., Scotswood Stud, Hatt Common, East Woodhay, 

Newbury, RG15 ONJ 
Taylor, Mrs. W. A. Norman, 1^3 London Road, Reading 
Terry, Miss Maureen S., Cornbrook, Victoria Road, Mortimer, 

Thiel, Mrs. H. M., Torbreck, Oatlands Road, Shinfield, 

Reading RG2 9DN 
Thomas, K., 20 Glebe Road, Furley, Reading RG8 8DP 
Titcomb, G. E. A., Kynance, The Stocks, Beenham, Reading 

RG7 3NG 
Topham, Ron, Ik Culver Road, Reading RG6 1QA 
Townend, Miss Shirley Y., B.Sc., Flat 6, 7^ Wensley Road, 

Reading RG1 6DN 
Trembath, Mrs. E. Mary, 5 Thames Avenue, Pangbourne, Reading 

RG8 7BU 
Trickett, Miss S., ^f^f Inglewood Court, Liebenrood Road, 

Tilehurst, Reading 
Vick, G. S., B.Sc, Crossfields, Little London, Basingstoke, 

Hants . 
Vick, Mrs. M. C, B.Sc, A. M.I. Biol., " " " " 
Vincent, S., Woodlands, ^6 Cockney Hill, Tilehurst, Reading 
Vincent, Mrs., » " " »• » " 
Vleugels, Miss Frances E., 26 Meadow Way, Theale, Nr. Reading, 

RG7 ^AY 
Vybiral, Mrs. M. L., 39 Upper Redlands Road, Reading 
Waight, Miss F. M. 0., F.L.S., 139 St. Peter's Road, Earley, 

Walker, Miss Ann, M.Sc, 27 Hatherley Road, Reading RG1 5QA 
Walker, Miss Rosemary, B.Sc, PhD., Oakways, Russell Road, 

Tokers Green, Reading RG^f 9EJ 

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Ward, John L., 10 Uffington Close, Tilehurst, Reading RG3 5LY 

Ward, Mrs. Sheila, 

Ward, John, 

Ward, Sandra, 

Warrick, J. P., 3 Ramsbury Drive, Earlcy, Reading 

Warrick, Mrs., " " " " " 

Warrick, Christopher J., 11 Churchill Crescent, Sonning Common, 

Reading RG*f 9RU 
Warrick, Peter, " " " " " " 

Webb, Mrs. G., Bradfield Lodge, Commer Hill, Theale , Reading 
Webster, Judy, B.A., 17 Bulmershe Road, Reading 
Weiss, Mrs. Ruth, Dept. of Agriculture, Reading University, 

Earley Gate, Reading 
Wells, John, 29 Juniper Way, Tilehurst, Reading RG3 6NB 
Wells, Mrs. Millicent," " " " " " 
Westheimer, Miss Use, A.A.P.S.W., Oli School House, Hardwick 

Road, Whitchurch, Nr. Reading 
Whitfield, Dr. G. R. , Ashdown, Basingstoke Road, Spencers Wood, 

Whitfield, Mrs. S. Jocelin, 

Whit field, Miss Jenny, 

Whitfield, Miss Robin, 

Whitfield, George William, 

Whittaker, Mrs* P. M., 67 Inglewood Court, Liebenrood Road, 

Tilehurst, Reading 
Wilkinson, W. , 6 Cedar Close, Wokingham RG11 1EA 
Williamson, Michael, 20^f Reading Road, Wokingham 
Wood, Robert, 298 Henley Road, Caversham, Reading 





















Schools and Institutional Members 

Alfred Sutton Boys' School, Crescent Road, Reading (Mr. B. G. 

Stubbs , Head of Science) 
Bulmershe School, Chequers Way, Woodley 

Dene field Comprehensive School, Long Lane, Tilehurst, Reading 

(Mrs. Marjorie East) 
Chiltern Mothercraft Training Society, 20 Peppard Road, 

Caversham (Miss Shepherd) 
Forest School Biology Society, Forest School, Robinhood Lane, 

Winnersh (Mr. R. L. Norton, Head of Biology) 
Kendrick School, London Road, Reading (The Headmistress) 
Reading Geological Society (Mr. D. R. Ward, Holly House, 

Maidenhead Road, Wokingham) 
Reading School, Erleigh Road, Reading (c/o Mr. C. J. Leeke) 
Science Dept., Reading College of Technology, Kings Road, 

Reading (Dr. A. M. B. Whitaker) 
Southlands Girls' School, Northumberland Avenue, Reading (The