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GIFT OF 



San Mateo County Free Library 




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THE 



KEBELLION EEOORD: 



^ giatg d l^mAtm (^mtte. 



WITH 



DOCUMENTS, NAERATTVES, ILLTJSTRATIVE INCIDENTS, 

POETRY, ETC. 



IDITED BT 



FEAIS'K MOOEE, 

AOTHOB OV '*DIABT OV TBI AXIBIOAK KITOLVTIOR.' 



FIFTH YOLUMK 

WtTB FOITBIEBN POBTBAItS OH SXEEL, iXD T1BI0T7S KAFS USD DUaBllCS. 



NEW. YORK: 
G. P. PT3TNAM, 441 BROADWAY. 

CHAa T. EVANS, 448 BROADWAT. 
1868. 






ExnRSD, according to Act of Congreas, in the year 1862, by 

G. P. PUTNAM, 

in the Clerk^s Office of the Diatrict Court of the United Statea for the Southern Diatrict of 

New-York. 



JOHir ▲. GRAY, 

.noim, gTBBBorms, im 
Cor. FnakliMrt ud Jaeob Bli, 



REBELLION RECOKD. 



CONTENTS OF THE FIFTH VOLUME. 



I.— DIARY OP EVENTS,. 



DiART 

.Page 1 



IL— DOCUMEXTS, ,. . . .Document Page 



1. 

8. 
4. 



5. 

6. 



DOO. PAGE 

Orrapo/ion of New-Orleans, La., 1 

Fight on the Miasinippi Riyer : 

Report of Lieut. Lowry, 2 

F^ht at Glark*8 Hollow, Va., 8 

BatUe at Farmington, Miss. : 

General Pope's Despatch, 4 

Secretary Scott*fl " 6 

Oeeupathn of Yorktown, Va., 6 

Cfftremor Rector'g Address, May 6, 11 

7. BfMitle of Williamsbtti^h, Va. : 

General McClellan's Despatch, 13 

" Hooker's Report, 13 

" Keamy»8 « 16 

" Bimey*s " 17 

" McCleUan's Tribute, 19 

New-York " Evening Post " Xarratire,. 19 

Richmond " Dispatch ^ Account, ..... 26 

8. BaUle of Somerville Heights, Va. : 

Report of Col. Foster, 27 

9. Ai«fc of West-Point, Va., 28 

Boston " Journal ** Account, 80 

J. E. Montgomery's Account, 82 

10. BmU at McDoweU, Va. : 

Report of Gen. Milroy, 84 

" Gen.Sdienck, 86 

" Col. McLean, 36 

Cincinnati " Commercial '' Account, ... 88 
Lynchbuigh (Va.) "Republican" Ac- 
count, 89 

Oceupatwn, of Norfolk, Va., 40 

7%e Dettruetion of the Merrimac : 

Reportof Com. Tatnall 46 

2%e EwaeuaiUm of Pensacola : 

Commodore Porter's Report, 48 | 



11. 
12. 

IS. 



Boston " Journal " Account, ^ 48 

Mobile " Register " Account, 61 

14. Opening of Southern Ports : 

President Lincoln's Proclamation, * 61 

Treasury Department Circular, 62 

16. ThA Retreat of General Banks : 

General Banks's Report, 62 

" Gordon's " 66 

Lieut.-Colonel Andrews's Report, 69 

National Accounts, 60 

Mary A. Denison's Account, 66 

16. Battle of Hanover Court-House, Va., 67 

17. BatUe of Fair Oaks, Va. : 

Gen. McClellan's Despatch, . . . „ 72 

" Keyes's Report, , 73 

Plan of the Battle, 75 

Gen. Casey's Report, 79 

" Naglee's " 81 

" Peck's ** 84 

" Richardson's Letter, 87 

** Gorman's Letter, 88 

Cincinnati ** Commercial " Account, ... 89 

Casey's Division in the Battle, 93 

Gen. Johnston's Report, (rebel,) 96 

Jeff Davis's Address, 97 

Richmond *' Dispatch " Account, 97 

Memphis "Appeal " Account, 102 

18. BatUe of Cross-Keys, Va. : 

General Fremont's Despatches, 104 

** Schenck's Report, 105 

Cincinnati " Commercial " Account, ... 106 

19. Battle of Port Republic, Va. : 

General Fremont's Report, 110 

" Tyler's Report, 110 

Colonel Dunning's Letter, 112 



iT 


CONTENTS OF THE FIFTH VOLUME 






roc. 


PACK 




DOa PAOI 




Colonel Carroll*8 Operationa, 

7%« Hebd Carueripium Ad, 


112 
118 






141 


20. 


Cincinnati " Commercial " Account, . . . 


141 


21. 


Capture of Pass Cbriatian, Miss., 


114 




New-York " Tribune " Account, 


148 


9,VI 


Fight at Lebanon, Tenn. : 

General Damont*a Despatch, 

" Duffield's Report, 




46. 


Skirmish near Cold Harbor, Va., 


144 




116 
116 


46. 
47. 


Brig.- Gen. Loan's Guerrilla Order, .,, 


146 




President Liticoln's Message, May 27, 


146 


23. 


Bruges Addren to his Army, 


116 




146 


24. 


BatiU of Fannington, Miaa. : 




49. 


Colonel EUiotCs Expedition : 






General Pope's Report, 


117 




Gen. Pope's Report, 


147 




Colonel Hatch's " 


117 




A National Account, 


147 




Cincinnati " Commercial " Account, . . . 


117 


60. 


Occupation of Corinth, Miss. : 






Richmond '* Dispatch " Account, 


119 




General Halleck's Despatch, 


149 


26. 








" Sherman's Report, 


149 




Lieut-Com. Phelps's Report, 


120 




Cincmnati ** Gazette " Account, 


162 


?<l, 


Attach on Sewell's Point, Va. : 

Commodore Goldsborough's Report,. . . 




61. 


Col Bush's Cavalry Scout, 


168 




121 


62. 


Fight at Harper's Ferry, Va. : 






Baltimore ^^American " Account, 


121 




Gen. Saxton's Report, 


169 


?7 


ProelamaHon of Grovemor Andrew Johnson, 




53 


FremonCs Pursuit of Jackson, 


161 




M«y9 


123 


64. 






28. 


Emancipation of Slaves : 






Col. EUet's Report, 


168 




Gen, Hunter's Proclamation, May 9, . . . 


123 




National Accounts, 


164 


29. 




124 


66. 


Hght at Jasper, Tenn. : 




80. 


yaval Fight at Fort Pillow : 






Gen. Negley's Report, 


168 




Capt. Davis's Report, 


124 




Cincinnati '* Commercial " Account, . . . 


169 




Com. Pennock's Despatch 


126 


66. 


Operations in East-Tennessee : 






Chicago •* Times " Report, 


126 




Gen. Negley's Despatches, 


170 




Capt. Montgomery's Report, (rebel,). . . 


126 


67. 


The Camp of Instruction at Annapolis, Md. 


, 170 


81 


Slavery in Vitginia : 

Governor Pierpont's Message, May 10, , 




68 


General ICeamy*M Order No. 16 


171 




127 


69. 


-Bott/e of Tranter's Creek, N. C, 


171 


82. 


Capture of the Maria Teresa : 




60. 


The Fall of Memphis, Tenn. : 






Commodore Du Font's Report, 


128 




Com. Davis's Reports, 


174 


88 


Seizure of Spede at New-Orleans : 

Gen. Butler and the Consuls, 

Oen. Beauregard's Order, May 10, 






Col EUet's Desnatches. 


176 




128 




Cant. Phelns's Letter. 


177 


84. 


130 




Cincinnati " Commercial " Account,. . . 


177 


36. 








Memphis "Appeal " Account, 


. 18^1 




Gen. Mitchel' s Report, 


131 


61. 








" Negley's Report, 


131 




Capt Fry's Report, (rebel,) 


188 


86. 


Seixure of the Planter : 




62. Exchange of Prisoners : 






Com. Du Font's Report, 


132 




Lieut-Col. Whipple's Report, 


184 


87. 


The BattU on James River, Va. : 




63. 








Offidal Reports, 


133 




General Fremont's Despatches, 


. 186 


88 


Om. Butlet's Order No, 28, 


186 
186 


64. 


New-York " Tribune " Account, 

Expedition to East-Tennessee : 


. 186 


89. 


Rebel FoMt ProelamaHon, May 16, 




40. 


The Bights of Neutrals in the South : 






General Negley's Despatch, 


187 




The Destruction of Cotton. 


187 




Colonel Hambright's Report, 


187 


41. 


Batde at Russell's House, Tenn. : 

Gen. Sherman's Report, 






Annountff and Narnitivefl, ...t..Tt«.. 


. 188 


187 


66. 


Execution of Wm. B. Mumford : 




42. iVeiuJ^XimWn**'* Hunter "Proclamation 






New-Orleans "Delta" Account, 


190 




May 19, 


138 


66. 


Fight at the Waddell Farm, Ark. : 




48. 


BatOe at Front Royal, Va. : 






Colonel Brackett's Report. 


190 




Gen. Banks's Report, 


189 




Jacksonport " Cavalier " Account, . . . 


. 191 




Lieut Thompson's Account, 


140 


67. 


StuarCs Raid on the Pamunkey River, Va. 






Lynchburgh (Va.) "Republican" Ac- 




General Stuart's Report, (rebel,) 


. 192 




count, 


140 




" Lee's Order, 


196 








44. 


Battle at Lewisburgh, Va. : 






Richmond " Dispatch " Account, 


. 195 




Col. Crook's Order, 


141 




" "Examiner" " 


198 



CONTENTS OF THE FIFTH VOLUME. 



DOO. PAGE 

Philadelphia '* Frees " Account, 199 

68. Om. ButUr and the Consuls at New-Orleans, 202 

69. Moitaert of Negroes in South-Carolina : 

Lieut. -Com. Truxton's Report, 206 

to. Capture of the Clara Bolsen, 207 

71. Opaunff of the Nansemond Rirer, Ya. : 

Capt Hyner's Report, 208 

72. Battle ai James Island, S. C. : 

General Wright's Report, 209 

" Stevens's " 211 

Colonel Fenton's '* 215 

" Leasure's " 216 

" Williams's " 217 

Major Metcalfe's ** 218 

General Stevens's Order, 219 

Charleston " Mercury " Account, 219 

Richmond " Dispatch " Account, 221 

73. The Retreat from Corinth, Miss. : 

General Beauregard's Letter, 221 

74. Otneral LongstreeVt Prodamation, June 17, 222 

75. Battle on White River, Ark. : 

Com. Davis's Reports, 223 

Secretary Welles's Letter. 223 

Colonel Fitch's Report, 224 

Fred. Wise's Account, 224 

Missouri ** Democrat " Account, 225 

76. Colonel FUioUU Expedition, May and June, . 227 

77. Battle of Oak Grove, Va. : 

General McClellan's Despatches, 229 

Report of Col. Cowdin, 229 

National Accounts, 280 

Kchmond ^' Examiner '* Account, 234 

78. I%e Seven Bays' Contette, June 26 — July 1 : 

Cincinnati ^* Commercial " Account, . . . 236 

Rebel Narrative, 248 

General Taylor's Report, 267 

Colonel Simpson's Letter, 258 

General Lee's Report, (rebel,) 268 

Lient-CoL Robertson's Report, (rebel,) 269 
General Hooker's Reports,. . . .269 and 262 

Colonel Cowdin's " 261 

Captain Brady's Account, 262 

General Howe's Report, 263 

Lieut. ThouroVs " 265 

Grenada "Appeal " Account, 265 

Richmond " Examiner " Account, 266 

Jeff Davis's Address, 268 

79. Gmeral MeCMan'e Address, July 4, 268 

^K Bsswegard's Retreat from Corinth, Miss. : 

General Granger's Letter, 269 

61. Operaidcns of the Army of the Tennessee : 

General McClemand's Report, 270 

82. BaUU of the Cache, Ark. : 

Colonel Hovey's Report, 273 

Lieut-Col. Wood's Report, 274 

Miasoori " Democrat " Account, 276 



DOC. PAGE 

88. SHrmieh at Baton Rouge, La. : 

Lieut. -Col. Keith's Report 277 

84. A Rebel Sold^'*s Diary, May, June, and 

July, 1862, 278 

86. Jeff Th<mpsoris Address to the Planters of 

Mississippi, 281 

86. The Unionists of Alabama : 

Report of Col. Streight, 281 

87. Rebel Raid mto Lebandn, Ky., July 11-12,. 284 

88. Surrender of Murfreesboro, Ky. : 

Colonel Duffield's Report, 286 

General Buell's Order, 287 

T. D. Scofield's Account, 288 

Texans in the Fight, 289 

89. F^ght at Cynthiana, Ky. : 

Lieut-Col. Landrum's Report, 290 

Captain Wright's Report, 292 

Miyor Smith's Letter, 294 

Surgeon Lair's Letter, 296 

A Soldier's Report, 296 

90. President Lincoln's Prodamation^ July 1, . . 296 

91. Battle of Baton Rouge, La. : 

Colonel Cahill's Reports, 296 

" Dudley's Report, 299 

Lieut Weitzel's " 801 

Commodore Porter's Report, 802 

Lieut Com. Roe's " 802 

^ Lieut Com. Ransom's ^ 302 

Flag-Officer Farragttt's " 808 

General Butler's Orders, 804 

New-Orleanp " Delta " Narrative, 806 

A Soldier's Account, 307 

Gen. Breckinridge's Repor^, 808 

Lieut Reed's Account, 308 

Grenada **Appeal" Account, 309 

92. Battle of Fair Oaks, Ya. : 

General Heintzelman's Report, 312 

93. Battle of Cedar Mountain, Ya. : 

General Pope's Report, 816 

" Gordon's Report, 817 

Colonel Andrews's " 818 

Lieuty-Col. Patrick's " 820 

General Geary's Address, 321 

Colonel Duffee's Order, 822 

Washington " Star " Account, 322 

Cincinnati ** Times " Narrative, 826 

New-York " Tribune " Account, 826 

General Jackson's Report, (rebel,). ... 831 

Richmond ^* Inquirer " Account, 831 

Lynchburgh " Republican " Account, . . 882 

94. Martial Law in Richmond, Ya. : 

Jeff Davis's ProcUmation, 382 

96. Occupation of Corinth, Miss. : 

Adjutant-Gen. Hanunond'a Report, .... 338 
96. Occupation of Williamsburgfa, Ya. : 

Gen. McClellan's De^Mitches, 884 



CONTENTS OF THE FIFTH VOLUME. 



97. 

98. 

99. 

100. 

101. 
102. 

103. 

104. 



DOC. PAGE 

Union Convention at NasbTiUe, Tcnn.,. . . . 335 
LieiU. Flusaer'a Letter to the Major of Eliza- 
beth City, N. C, 1 835 

The Rebel Conscription Law : 

Jeff Dayis'fl Letter to Gov. Brown,. ... 886 
General BuUer^e Order on Currency — ^New- 
Orleans, May 16, 1862, 839 

Union Meeting at Portsmouth, Va., 340 

Retreat of Gen. Banls : 

Gen. Johnston's Address, (rebel,) 841 

Exchange of Prisoners : 

Agreement between Gen& Dix and Hill, 341 
Cren, Pope's Campaign in Virginia: 

Gen. Pope's Report, 842 



Sigel's 

MUroy's 

Schurz's 

Schenck's 

Eeamy^s 



880 
384 
390 
895 
396 



Col. Scammon's " 897 



" White's 



898 



105. 



106. 
107. 



108. 
109. 

110. 

111. 

112. 
113. 
114. 

116. 

116. 



Lieut Kennedy's Report, 399 

Col. Meredith's " 399 

Capt. Wilkins's *' 400 

Jeff Davis's Message, 400 

Gen. Lee's Report, (rebel,) 401 

Account by a Participant, (rebel,) 402 

Richmond " Examiner" Account, 404 

Organization of the Artillery of the Army of 
the Potomac : 

Gea Barry's Report, 406 

Fight at Slateryille, Va., 407 

Battles at Richmond, Ky : 

Gen. Hanson's Report, 407 

Col. M^Millen's " 411 

Lieut. -Col. Armstrong's Report, 412 

" Korff's " 418 

Indianapolis "Journal" Account, 415 

Cincinnati " Gazette'* Account, 419 

Gen. E. Kirby Smith's Report, (rebel,). 422 
Kentucky " Statesman" Account, 422 

Surrender of Natchez, Miss., 423 

The Defence of Richmond, Va., 424 

Got. Letcher's Proclamation, 425 

Operations on James River : 

Com. Goldsborough's Report, 426 

The Siege of Vicksburgh, Miss. : 

Official Correspondence, 426 

A CoAC of Rebel Treachery, 427 

Battle of Phillips's Creek, Miss., 427 

Col. Sedgevoick's Reconnoissance near Cor- 
inth, Miss., 428 

General Naglee^s Reconnoissance on the 
Chickahominy, , 428 

The Defeat of Gen. Banks : 

Excitement in Baltimore, 429 



DOC. PAOI 

117. General MeCldlan^a Order for Crossing the 

Chickahommy, 431 

118. Lieut. F. C. Davis's Exploit, 431 

119. Battle of South-Mountain, Va. : 

Despatches of Gen. McClellan, 432 

Gen. Doubleday's Report, 438 

" Cox's Report, 485 

Col. Meredith's Report, 436 

" Torbert's Order, 486 

Gen. Bumside's Order, 487 

New-York " Times" Account, 437 

120. The Surrender of Harper's Ferry, Va, : 

Report of the Investigating Committee, 439 

War Department Order, 443 

Gen. Wool's Letter, 443 

Capt. Binney's Letter, 443 

New-York " Times" Narrative, 445 

Gen. Jackson's Official Report, 448 

Richmond " Dispatch" Account, 448 

121. )S»rren<f.f r of Munfordsville, Ky. : 

Col. Wildcr's Report, 449 

" Dunham's ** 451 

Gen. Jones's Report, (rebel,) 463 

" Bragg's Report, 463 

122. BaUle of Antietam, Md. : 1 

Gen. Hooker's Despatch, 454 

" Cox's Report, 454 

" Ferrero's Report, 456 

" French's " 457 

" Kimball's " 468 

Lieut. -Col. Sawyer's Report, 459 

Col. Harrow's " 460 

Lieut.-Col. Brundage's " 460 

" Kimball's " 461 

" Curtis's " .463 

Report of Gen. McClellan, 464 

New- York " Tribune" Narrative, 466 

Charleston *' Courier" Account, 472 

Savannah " Republican" ** 475 

Richmond " Inquirer" " 476 

1 23. Skirmish at Ppcataligo, S. C, 4*? 7 

124. Co/. i>odf</e'8 Expedition into North-Carolina, 478 

125. The Emancipation Frodamation of Presi- 

dent Lincoln, 479 

126. r^-Ba///cofIuka,Mis8.: 

Gen. Grant's Report, 481 

" Hamilton's Report, 482 

" Rosecrans's Order, 482 

Capt. Brown's Narrative,. . . .' 483 

Cincinnati " Commercial" Account, .... 485 
Jackson " Mississippian'^ " , . . . 437 

127. Battle of Corinth, Miss. : 

Gen. Grant's Despatches, 488 

** Rosecrans's Report, 489 

CoL Crocker's " 492 

Miy'or Weaver's " , 494 



CONTENTS OF THE FIFTH VOLUME. 



TU 





D0( 


3. PAOK 






Major McCaUa*B Report, 


.. 495 


145. 




Col. Sprague'B " 


.. 496 


146. 




Gen. Ord'a " 


.. 497 






Col. Trumbuira " 


.. 498 
.. 499 
.. 499 


147. 




Lieut -Col. Jonea*8 *« 


148. 




Gen. Grant's Orders, 


149. 




Preaident Lincoln's Despatch, 


.. 600 


160. 




Cincinnati ** Commercial" Account,. . 


.. 600 


s 




Grenada '* Appeal*" Account, (rebel,). 


. 605 


161. 


1S6 


. £attU of Chaplin HiUs, Ky. : 








Gen. Buell's Report, 


.. 607 


152. 




" McCook's ** 


. 607 

. 610 

• 612 

•. 614 






" Mitchell's " 






" Gilbert's " 






A^'t-Gen. Oldenhaw's Report, 






Gen. Sheridan's Report, 


. 616 






" Rousseau's " 


. 617 
. 620 
. 621 


158. 




CoL Harrises " 


164. 




" Gooding's " 






" Beatty's " 


. 622 






Lieut-Col Strickland's Report, 


. 628 


165. 




" Cowen's " 


. 624 






Cincinnati " Gazette" Account, .../.. 


. 624 


166. 




Gen. Bragg's Report, (rebel,) 


. 632 






KnoxTiUe " Register" Account, 


. 682 






Mobile "Register" " 


. 638 




129. 


The Army Magnetic Telegraph: 




157. 




Parker Spring's Letter, 


. 686 




ISO. 


After the ITar— Gen. Casey's Letter, 


. 636 


158. 


131. 


OperationM in Alabama: 








Gen. HaUeck's Despatch, 


. 687 


169. 


132. 


Gen. Hunter^ 9 Negro Regiments : 




160. 




Official Correspondence, 


. 637 




133. 


Operations at Bayou Sara, La. : 




161. 




Report of Oapt. Crayen, 


. 639 




134. 


Rebel Guerrillas in Arkansas: 




162. 




Gen. Hindman's Order, 


. 640 
. 640 


163. 


135. 


Col. Wyman^e Reconnoissanoe, June 18,. . 




13S. 


Capture of Cumberland Gap, , , , . 


. 641 


164. 


13Y. 


Operations of the Jacob Bell : 




166.' 




Lieut McCrea'a Report, 


. 641 




188. 
139. 


Fiffht at Battle Creek, Tenn., 


. 642 


166 


Battle at Simon's Bluff, S. 0. : 


167. 




Flag-Officer Du Font's Report, 


. 648 






Lieut Com. Rhind's " 


. 643 


168. 


UO, 


Oapt. Joehmek's Reoonnoissance : 








Report of Capt Jocknick, 


. 644 




Ml. 


BaUU of Village Creek, Ark. : 

Col. Brackett's Report, 


. 644L 


169. 


142. 


Operations it Vicksbui^gh, Miss. : 


. i«^ 


170. 




Gen. Williams's Reports, 


. 646 


171. 




Letter from a Participant, 


. 646 




148. PrtMuUni Lincoln's Call, July 1, 1862: 








Letter from the Govemors, 


. 647 


172. 


144. 


Operations before Vicksburgb, Miss. : 








Com. Porter's Report, 


. 648 





DOC. PAOI 

The Capture of the Teaser, 548 

Battle of Grand Prairie, Ark. : 

Report of Col. Fitch, 549 

Cherokee D'udoyalty — Letter of John Ross, . 649 
I. ^Capture of Hamilton, N. C, 650 

, Skirmish at the Rapidan River, Va., 661 

, Address of Gen. Pope assuming command 
of the Army of the Potomac, 652 

The Abolition of Slavery : 

President Lincoln's Message, 652 

The ''Essex'' and ''Arkansas": 

Com. Porter's Report, 652 

" Walke's " 653 

Baltimore " American" Account, 654 

Rebel Official Reports, 656 

Grenada "Appeal" Account, 657 

The rtght near Memphis, Mo., 558 

Expedition to Beaver Dam Va. : 

Gen. Pope's Report, 668 

Richmond " Dispatch" Account, 658 

President LineolrCs Order for the Seizure of 
Rebel Property, 559 

The Fight at North- Anna, Va. : 

Gen. Pope's Despatch, 659 

Lieut -Col. Eilpatrick's Report, 659 

A National Account, 560 

Fight at Trinity, Ala. : 

Col. Walker's Report, 661 

President Lincoln's Proclamation enforcing 
the Sixth Section of the Con&ication Act, 662 

The Surrender at Courtland, Ala., 662 

The Raid Into Kentucky: 

Col. Guthrie's Report, 562 

Skirmishes in Texas County, Mo., 668 

Fight in Bollinger County, Mo., 664 

Rattle of Bayou Barnard, C. N., 664 

The Fight near Fulton, Mo. : 

Fulton " Telegraph" Narrative, 666 

Fight at Mount Sterling, Ky., 666 

Bombardment on James River, 666 

Richmond " Examiner" Account, 567 

The Fght at Newark, Mo., 667 

Battle of Ozark, Mo. : 

Col. Lawther's Report, 568 

Fight at Orange Court-House, Va. : 

Gen. Pope's Despatch, 669 

A National Account, 670 

Battle at Sparta, Tenn. : 

Col. Wynkoop's Report, 670 

The Order for a Draft, 570 

Occupation of Malvern Hill, Va. : 

New-York " Tribune" Account, 671 

Richmond " Examiner" " 671 

The Death of Gen. Robt. L. McCook : 

Order of Gen. Thomas, 672 

Report of Col. Vandeveer, 572 



viu 



coNTEirrs oJ* the fifth volume. 



173. JBaUle of Tazewell, Tenn. : 

Gen. Horgan^s Despatch, 578 

Louisyille " Journal" Account, 678 

Atlanta " Confederacy" " 578 

174. War Meeting at Washington, D. 0. : 

President Lincoln^s Speech, 674 

175. TTarDtfjEMzrfmtfn^ Orders relative to the Draft, 676 

176. Sdf-Mutilation in Connecticut : 

Sui^on Bennett^s Letter, 676 

177. Bombardment of Donaldsonville, La. : 

Fhig-Offlcer Farragut's Despatch, 576 

178. J^ht at Independence, Mo. : 

Lieut.-Col. Buell's Report, 676 

The " Border State" Narrative, 676 

179. F^ffht at Conipton*8 Ferry, Mo., 577 

180. Jf^ffM near Klnderhook, Tenn., 678 

181. Beconnoiasanee to Swansboro, N. C, 678 

182. Skimdah at Merriwether^s Ferry, Tenn. : 

Chaplain Locke's Narrative, 679 

188. Capture of the Fair Play, 579 

184. ^vocva^ton of Harrison's Landing, Ya.,... . 680 

185. Battle of Lone Jack, Mo. : 

Official Reports, 681 

186. Surrender of Clarksville, Tenn., 682 

187. Fiffht at Gallatin, TenH. : 

Official Reports, , 684 

188. Raid on Catlett's Station, Ya., 588 

189. Attack on Fort Ridgely, Minn., 589 

190. light at Big Hill, Ky., 690 

191. Bkirmiehee at Fort Donelson, Tenn., 691 

192. Battle of New-Ulm, Minn.: 

Official Report, '. 693 

193. Actum neap Danville, Ky., 696 

194. Bebel Raid on Manassas, Ya., 596 

196. ^hi near Bolivar, Tenn. : 

Official Reports, 597 



DOC. £A.08 

196. Battle near McMinnville, Tenn., 599 

197. Patriotiatn of Boston, Mass., 600 

198. BaUle of Britton's Lane, Tenn. : 

Official Reports, 602 

199. Jf%ght near Centreville, Ya., 603 

200. Battle of ChantiUy, Ya., 604 

201. The Fight at Plymouth, N. C, 606 

202. The Rebel Army in Frederick, Md, 606 

208. 5att/c at Washington, N. a, 608 

204. Expedition to Clarksville, Tenn., 609 

206. F^ht on the Mississippi : 

Surgeon Re^'s Report, 611 

206. Fight at Fayetteville, Ya. : 

Colonel Toland's Report, 612 

207. Engagement at Munfordville, Ky., 612 

208. Expedition to Ponchatoula, La. : 

General Butler's Report, 614 

Major Strong's " 616 

209. The Battle at Yellow Medicme : 

Colonel Sibley's Report, 616 

210. Skirmieh at Bhickford's Ford, Ya. : 

Colonel Barnes's Report, 616 

211. President lAneoln'e Proclamation^ Septem- 

ber twenty-fourth, 618 

212. The Fight at Augusta, Ky. : 

Colonel Bradford's Ileport, 618 

Judge Doniphan's " 619 

213. BatOe of Newtonia, Mo. : 

General Salomon's Report, 620 

Colonel Hall's " 621 

214. General PUaeanton^ 8 'RecormowBiejiGb^ 622 

216. Fight at La Yergne, Tenn. t 

General Negley's Report, 623 

216. Batde at Lawrenceburgh, Ky. : 

Colonel Parrott's Report, 628 



in.— POETRY, 

POETRY, PAGK 

1. This Day, Countrymen ! by Robert LoweU^ .... 1 

2. Com, Louisville Journal^ 1 

3. Foote, a Lay of Island No. Ten, 1 

4. The Irish Boys, by "(7. if.," 2 

5. Jeff Davis's Prayer, by Clarence Butler , 2 

6. Poem, by Jeff Thompson^ 4 

7. New-Orleans Won Back, a Lay for our Sol- 

diers, by Robert Lowell^ 6 

8. The New Ballad of Lord Lovell, 6 

9. Metempsychosis, by " Paul Short,*' 6 

10. The Sinking of the Cumberland, by " ff, ff. J?.," 7 

11. Who's Ready? by Edna Dean Proctor, 7 

12. One Year Ago, by Horatio Alger y Jr.^ 7 

13. On the Abolition of Slavery In the District of 

Columbia, by Rufus Leighton, 8 

14. A N^ro Hymn, 10 

16. Cotton and Com, 11 



Page 

16. The Confederate Primer, n 

17. Song of the Secession Warrior, 13 

18. A Contra-Band-Ditty, 14 

19. Rebellion Fmanoed Down, 15 

20. The Battle of Coosaw, 15 

21. The Soldier's Mother, by " F. H. 0.» 16 

22. The Men of the West, by Richard Coe, 16 

28. How the Cumberland went Down, by "H^ i/:," 16 

24. The Captain's Wife, by Theodore Tilton, 17 

25. The Battle of New-Orleans of 1862, by "iS. 

T-i/.," 17 

26. The Yankee Tars at New-Orleans, 18 

27. A Song for all Trae Americans, by Dr. J, 

ffaynes, 18 

28. A Yoice from Home to the Army of the Poto- 

mac, by M. C. D. S, 18 

29. Rallying Song of the Sixteenth Regiment Iowa 

Yolunteers^ 19 



CONTENTS OF THE FIFTH VOLUME. 



ix 



PORRT, PAGI 

SO. Skediddle, Vanity Fair, 19 

31. For the Times, by Sarah M. Brcwmon, 20 

31 The Army of the Free ; Division Song of For- 
ter^s Division, Army of the Fotomac, by 

Frank H. Norton,^ 20 

88. « JcffOaviae Rides a White-Horse," 28 

34. SojiGS or THS Rebsls : The Harylander at Ma- 
nassas ; a fact, .... 24 



35. ** " The Stars and Bars,.. 26 

36. " *•' There's Life in the Old 

Land Tet, by Jame9 
R. RandaU, of Bal- 
tunore, 25 

37. A Bainy Day in Camp, 29 

38. The Ficket-Gnard, 29 

39. To Canaan, a Song of the Six Hundred Thou- 

sand, 80 

40. Waiting, by ^. TT.,... \ 81 

41. The Massachusetts John Brown Song, by X. 

ffolhrook, 31 

42. The Double Desertion, an Incident of the War, 

hj JI, D. Aiwood, 81 

43. EpiUph on a Rebel Soldier, 82 

44.AWar Hymn, by Theodore TiUon, 84 

45. Te Ballade of Mans. Lovell, 86 

46. "God is a Union Man," by "C," 86 

47. Our Mountain Soldiers, by Marian DoufflaSj . . 86 

48. Brave Boys are They, 87 

49. Rams, by FrawM De Hate Janvier^ • • 87 

5«}. S&7B Private Maguire, by 7! B. Aldrieh, 87 



POXTRT, PAGE 

61. The TJnretuming Brave, by Joeephine Wil- 

Hameon^ 88 

62. To the Secession Sympathizer, No Thanks to 

You, 38 

63. The Stars and Stripes 88 

64. Songs or thk Rxbsls : Bum the Cotton, by 

"^jiteSe," 41 

86. " " Butler's Proclamation, 

by Faul H, Hayne, 41 

66. " " "StonewaU Jackson's 

Way," 42 

67. " " TheTurUe, 42 

58. AHymn, by Dr. WaJtU, 43 

69. Columbia's Invocation, by Chat, A, Barry,..,, 45 

60. Morgan's Raid in Kentucky, 45 

61. America ! America ! a Song for the Times, by 

8. O.BtUfinehy 46 

62. Maryland, by W. S. Hayward, 66 

63. The Empty Sleeve, inscribed to Gen. Howard, 

of Maine, by David Barker, 47 

64. Song for our Soldiers, by Alice Cary, 47 

66. Call for True Men, by Robert Lowell, 47 

66. The North Star, by Wa-Wa-Wanda, 48 

67. To the Loyal Fair, by ''Mara,'' 48 

68. The Dead Soldier, by "-Tawrd," 48 

69. The Carte de Visite, 60 

70. Dirge for a Soldier, in Memory of Gen. Philip 

Kearny, killed September Ist, 1862, by 
George H. Boker, 60 



IsdDisTS, Rumors, Etc., 1-60 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 

Portrait of Major-Gen. JOSEPII HOOKER, Frontibpikcx. 

" Commodore THEODORUS BAILEY, , ... to face Diary, p. 1 

" Major-Gen. LEWIS WALLACE, " " Y 

" Commander CHARLES BOGGS, " "16 

" Major-Gen. E. A. HITCHCOCK, " "23 

*♦ Brio.-Gen. a W, CRAWFORD, " "81 

" Major-Gen. GEORGE H. THOMAS, " "89 

" Commodore W. D. PORTER, " "47 

" Brig.-Gen. J. S. WADSWORTH, " "65 

« Brio.-Gen. W. S. HANCOCK, " "68 

« General BRAXTON BRAGG, C. a A., . . . . " " 71 

«* Brio.-Gen. ROBERT H. MILROY, .... " "79 

" Brig.-Gen. D. B. BIRNEY, " "87 

" Major-Gen. E. D. KEYES, ....'. " "91 

PLAN OF THE BATTLE OF FAIR OAKS, VA., . . ... Doc. p. 75 



DIARY OF EYENTS. 




-i^^ 



'■~^'-y\-A:d P-i'-c-"- 



(■(.)\i THEODORrs i^.Mi,h:r 



DIARY. 



MAT 1, ISO. 
At Piitsbmgh Landing, Tennessee, a general 
order waa issaed transferring Miyor - General 
Thomas's diTisum from the Army of the Ohio to 
the Army of Tennesseep and Miyor- General 
Thomas to the command of the army formerly 
under General Grants of which the diyisions of 
Generals McClemand and Wallace were to con- 
stitute a resenre^ tmder General McClemand. 
Major-General Grant retained command of his dis- 
trict, induding the army corps of Tennessee, but 
acted as second in command under the Major- 
General Commanding the Department. 

— Thb rebel schooner Sarah, while endeavor- 
ing to ran the blockade of Bull's Bay, South-Caro- 
lina, was chased ashore by a party of the crew 
of the United States vessel Onward, under the 
command of Acting Master Sleeper. The rebel 
crew escaped alter setting fire to the schooner. 

— ^At Corinth, lOssissii^i, four hundred Ger- 
mans from a Louisiana regiment, who had been 
sent out from the rebel camp on outpost duty, 
came into the National lines in a body with white 
flags <m thdr guns, and gave themselves up as 
descrterSL 

^Thi United States steamer Merceditjs Com- 
Bttnder Stdlwagen, on the twen^-seventh of 
April, about fifteen miles north of Hole in the 
Wall, oaptured the steamer Bermuda, kden with 
articles contraband of war, among which were 
forty •two thousand pounds of powder, seven 
fldd^arruiges, and a number of cannon, swords, 
pistols, shells, fiises, cartridges, military stores, 
altpeir^ saddles, iqgots of tin, etc. She was 
taken into Philadelphia for adjudication. 

— Tms evening^ the rebel Colonel Morgan, with 
bis squadron, attacked the train of Gen. Mitchel, 
near Pulaski, Giles Ooun^, Tenn., and captuz^ 
u^ wagons and about two hundred and seventy 



unarmed National troops. Moigan not having the 
means of moving the prisoners, released them on 
parole.— ^^%w7fo (Tenn.) JfetM, May 8. 

— Tbstbrdav General 0. M. Mitchel occupied 
HuntsriU^ Alabama, after a lively engagement 
with seven thousand of the rebel infimtry and 
CKvnhy.-^j^ational InUUigeneer, May 8, 

— IiCTBLLiGXNCB was recoivcd of a battle at 
Poralto, Texas, on the fifteenth of April, between 
the National forces, under General Canby, and a 
party of Texans who had forUfled themselves at 
that place. The rebels were defeated. General 
Canby's loss was twenty-five killed and wound- 
ed.— JTifwrnrt Bepubliean, May 2. 

— Gknkbal Robump AimnsoN and Seigeant 
Peter Hart, received medals firom the New-York 
Chamber of Commerce^ in honor of the heroic 
defence of Fort Sumter. 



— Ths following instructioi^s were sent to the 
flag-officer of each of the blockading squadrons 
firom the Navy Department at Washmgton : 

Sib : The approach of the hot and sickly sea- 
son upon the Southern coast of the United States 
renders it hnperative that every precaution should 
be used by the officers commanding vessels to 
continue the excellent sanitary condition of their 
crews. The large number ai persons known as 
"contrabands" flocking to the protection of the 
United SUtes flag, alibrds an opportnni^ to pro- 
▼ide in every department of a ship, espedaUy for 
boats* crews, acclimated labor. The flag-officers 
are required to obtam the serrices of these per- 
sons for the country, by enlisting them freely in 
the navy, with their consent, rating them as boys, 
at eight doUars, nine doUars, and ten doUars per 
month, anld one ration. Let a monthly return be 
made of the number of this chiss of penons em- 
ployed on each vessel under your command 



2 



REBELLION RECORD, 1862. 



[Mat 8. 



— Brioadier-Qekebal Williak T. Sherm ah 
was confirmed by the United States Senate as 
Major-General of volunteers.'^ 

— General Butler began the debarkation of 
the troops of his command at New-Orleans, and 
by proclamation declared the object and purposes 
of the United States in taking possession of that 
city ^* to restore order, maintain public tranquiUi- 
ty, and enforce peace and quiet" — {Doc. 1.) 

— Last Sunday afternoon, April twenty-seyenth, 
a skirmish took place near Horton's Mills, ten 
miles from Newbem, N. C, on the PoUockville 
road, between a party of cavalry belonging to the 
One Hundred and Third New-Tork regiment and 
a body of rebel cavalry, resulting in the defeat 
and dispersion of the rebels, with a loss of three 
killed and ten prisoners. The Union casualties 
were private Sanders, company C, killed, and 
three officers, and the same number of privates 
wounded. — Nevibem Progreti, 

— ^Testerdat the Union siege-batteries opened 
their fire against the rebel works at Torktown, 
Va.— J^ T, Herald, May Z. 

— ^A FioHT took place at Clark^s Hollow, Va., 
between company C, of the Twenty-third Ohio 
infantry, under the command of Captain J. W. 
Stiles, and a party of rebel bushwhackers be- 
longing to the band of the notorious Capt Foley, 
resulting in the defeat of the latter. — (JDoc 8.) 

May 2. — Secretary Seward informed the for- 
eign ministers that the post routes were reOpened 
** to New-Orleans and other places which having 
heretofore been seized by insurgent forces, have 
since been recovered, and are now reoocupied by 
the land and naval forces of the United States ;" 
also that a collector had been appointed for New- 
OrleanS) and that preparations were being made 
to modify the blockade. 

^Thib nighty the steamer Sdwaid Wilson was 
( fired into by rebel cavalry, six miles below Sa- 
vanah, Tenn., wounding five soldiers. The gun- 
boat Tyler unmediatdy went down and shdled 
the woods, and notified the people of the vicinity 

• Genena HaUeck, In % deipatch to th« SecreCaxy of War, 
urg«d the promotion of Oeneral WUUam T. flhermao, on account 
of Ma Impoitaat Mrrleai at the tettto of aiUah, aa foDoin : 

**It ia the nnanimoaa opinion here, that ]lrif.-€kn. W. T. 
Sherman sared the fortonea of the daj on the sixth, and oon- 
trlbated largelj to the glorieaa rlctory of the aerenth. He waa 
In the tUekeal of tha llsht on both dajra. hmtaff WfM hoitaa 
kUtod under him and befaiK wognded twice. I leipeotftilly re- 
quest that he be made a Uiylor-General of yolonteen, to date 
from the tfnt h fautanL** 



that their property would be burned on the repe- 
tition of the occurrence. 

— ^At Corinth, Miss., General Beaur^ard issued 
the following address to his troops: *' Soldiers 
of Shiloh and Elkhom ! We are about to meet 
once more in the shock of battle, the invaders of 
our soil, the despoilers of our homes, the disturb- 
ers of our fiunily ties, fiu» to fi^e, hand to hand. 
We are to decide whether we are to be freemen 
or vile slaves of those who are fi'ee only in name, 
and who but yesterday were vanquished, although 
in largely superior numbers, in their own encamp- 
ment, on the ever memorable field of ShUoh. 
Let the impending battle decide our fitte, and add 
a more illustrious page to the history of our revo- 
lution—one to which our children will point with 
noble pride, saying : * Our fitthers were at the 
battle of Corinth.' 

**I congratulate you on your timely Junction. 
With your mingled banners, for the first time 
during this war, we shall meet the foe in strength 
that should give us victory. Soldiers, can the 
result be doubtful? Shall we not drive back 
into Tennessee the presumptuous mercenaries 
collected for our subjugation. One more manly 
effort, and, trusting in God and the justness of 
our cause, we shall recover more than we have 
lately lost Let the sound of our victorious guns 
be reechoed by those of the army of Virginia on 
the historic battle-field of Yorktown." 

May 8. — ^The rebel steamer Bermuda, laden 
with arms and munitions of war, was taken into 
Philadelphia. — PhiladelpMa Inquirer, May 4. 

— ^Thb Nashville Union of to-day contains a 
call, signed by one hundred and fifty influential 
citizens, assigning Monday, May fourth, for a 
meeting to take measures to restore the former 
relations of Tennessee with the Federal Union. 

— General Paine's division of the Union army 
of the south-west, sent out by General Pope to 
reconnoitre, found the enemy near Farmington, 
Mississippi, about four thousand five hundred in 
number, and in a strong position. General Paine, 
after a sharp skirmish, drove them from their posi- 
tion, and captured their camp. — {Doe, 4.) 

— At Liverpool, England, Captain William Wil- 
son, of the ship EmUy St. Pierre, was presented 
by the merchants and mercantile marine officers 
of that place, with a testimonial for his gallantry 
on the twenty-first of March, in recapturing his 
ship, which was seized by the United States 
gunboat James Adger, three days previous, off 
Charleston, S. C—London Time^ May 4. 



Hat 6.] 



DIART OP EVENTS. 



—The rebels eracuated Yorktown and all their 
defences there and on the line of the Warwick 
lUver, at night Thej left all their heavy guns, 
large quantities of ammunition, camp equipage, 
etCL, and retreated hj tiie Williamsburgh road. — 
{Doc 6.) 

— The United States gunboat Santiago de Cuba 
brought into the port of New-Tork, as a prize, 
the rebel steamer Ella Warley, captured on her 
way from Nassau, N. P., to Charleston S. C, 
laden with arms. 

— Jetf Davis proclaimed martial law over the 
Counties of Lee, Wise, Buchanan, McDowell, and 
Wyoming, Va.— (2?oc 04.) 

May 4 — General McClellan at one o'clodc this 
afternoon^ sent the following to the War Depart- 
ment: 

Our cavalry and horse artillery came up with 
the enemy's rear-guard in their intrenchments 
about two miles this side of Williamsbuxgh. A 
brisk fight ensued Just as my aid left, General 
Smithes division of infantry arrived on the ground, 
and I presume he carried his works, though I 
have not yet heard. 

The enemy's rear is strong, but I have force 
enough up there to answer all purposes. 

We have thus &r seventy-one heavy guns, large 
amounts of tents, ammunition, etc. All along 
the lines their works prove to have been most 
formidable, and I am now fully satisfied of the 
correctness of the course I have pursued. 

The success is brilliant^ and you may rest 
assured its effects will be of the greatest import- 
ance There shall be no delay in following iip 
the enemy. The rebels have been guilty of the 
most murderous and barbarous conduct in plac- 
ing torpedoes within the abandoned works, near 
Mm Springs, near the flag-staffs, magazines, tele* 
graph-oificeSy in carpet-bags, barrels of flour, etc 

Fortunately we have not lost many men in this 
manner. Some four or five have been killed and 
a dozen wounded. I shall make the prisoners 
remove them at their own peril 

— ^Ths English steamer Circassian was cap- 
tared by the United States gunboat Somerset, 
with a cargo of munitions of war, valued at half a 
million dollars.— iVI Y, Herald, May 23. 

— RuxoBS of foreign intervention in American 
affiun still continue; The Paris correspondent 
of the Loodoii Daily New states that the French 
and ^iglish ministers at Washfaigton have re- 
cemd identical instmctionB to attempt a moral 



intervention, exclusive of any idea of force. The 
Paris correspondent of the Independcmee Beige 
also reiterates his former statements in reference 
to intervention. At a meeting at Ashton under 
Lyne resolutions were adopted calling on the 
government to recognise the Confederate States. 
A letter ftom Mr. Russell to tlys London Timee 
charges upon Secretary Stanton the trouble to 
which he was subjected ; he also says that Gene- 
ral McClellan has expressed himself strongly in 
reference to the Secretary's conduct to him and 
to Mr. Russell also. 

— A PONTOOK-BRinox was thrown across the 
Rappahannock River at Fredericksburgh, and 
General McDowell and 8ta£^ with an escort of 
cavahry, passed over by it and entered Fredericks- 
buigh.— i\r. 7. Times, May 10. 

May 6. — H. M. Rector, Governor of Arkansas, 
called upon the people of that State by proclama- 
tion to take up arms and drive out the ^Northern 
troops."— </?«?. 6.) 

— This day the battle of Williamsbuigh was 
fought between the Union forces in the advance 
toward Richmond, and a superior force of the rebel 
army under Gen. J. E. Johnston. The Nation- 
als were assailed with great impetuosity at about 
eight A.M. The battle continued till dark. The 
enemy was beaten along the whole line and re- 
sumed his retreat under cover of the night — 
{Docs. 7 and 96.) 

— Genebal Butler promised to Louisiana 
planters that all cargoes of cotton or sugar sent 
to New-Orleans for shipment should be protected 
by the United States forces. — National Intelli- 
gencer, May 80. 

— Last night. Lieutenant Caldwell, of the 
light artillery, received information of the return 
to his home in Andrew County, Missouri, of t}ie 
notorious Captain Jack Edmundson. For some 
months past Edmundson had been with the rebel 
army in Southern Missouri and Arkansas, but 
had now returned, as was supposed, for the pur- 
pose of raising a guerrilla company, stealing a lot 
of cattle and making off with them. 

Lieutenant Caldwell at once proceeded to head- 
quarters at Saint Joseph's, and obtained an order 
to take a suffidrat force, and proceed in pursuit 
of Edmundson and his gang. No time was lost, 
and the party arrived at the house of the guerrilla 
just before daybreak. But by some means Ed- 
mundson had been informed of their approach, or 
was on the look-out, and escaped firom the house 



BEB8LU0N BECX>RD, 1802. 



PlAYt- 



Just M the pirty approadied. He wis poAued, 
and 80 hot was the pursuiti that he dropped hia 
blanket and aword, but reaching some thick 
bruah, managed to escape. The party then pro- 
ceeded to other parts of Andrew and Gentry 
Ck>untie8, and axreated some twenty men whom 
Edmundson ha^ recruited for his gang. They 
were all carried to Saint Joseph's and confined. 
-^U Jcitph'B Journal^ May 8. 

— Gbnsbal Dumoht, with portions of Wood* 
ford*s and Smith's Kentnd^ caTafary, and Wyn- 
koop*s Pennsylvania cayalry, attadced eight hon* 
dred of Morgui's and Woods's rebel caTalry at 
Lebanon, Kentucky, and after an hour's fight 
completely routed them. — {Doc. S2.) 

— D. B. Latbbop, operator on the United 
States military telegraph, died at Washington, 
D. 0., fimn ii\juries received by the explosion of 
a torpedo, placed by the rebels in the deserted 
telegraph-o£9ce at Yorktown, Ya. 

— ^Thb rebel guerrilla, Jeff Thompson, attacked 
and dispersed a company of Union cavalry near 
Dresden, Ky. 

May 6. — The rebels having evacuated the 
works in firont of Williamsburgh, and continued 
their retreat toward Richmond, the place was co- 
pied by the Union forces under the immediate 
command of Gen. McClellan. — [Doc 96.) 

— GsNBBAL Fravklin's divisiou of the Army of 
the Potomac left Yorktown in transports, to pro- 
ceed up the York River to West-Pomt— 2^ T. 
Boning Poit, May 8. 

— ^At Cincinnati, Ohio, in the United States 
Circuit Courti at the April term, 1861, the Grand- 
Jury found an indictment of treason against 
James W. Chenoweth, for furnishing supplies 
and munitions of war to the rebels. At the pre- 
sent term ez-Senator Pugh, counsel for the de- 
fendant, moved to quash the indictment on the 
ground that the first clause of section two, article 
three, of the Constitution, which provides that 
treason shall consist only of levying war refers to 
rebellion, while the second clause, ** or adhering 
to their enemies in giving aid and comfort," re- 
lates only to a public war with a foreign enemy. 
Justice Swayne gave his decision to-day, sustain- 
ing the motion by quashing the indictment — 
OineinnaU J^fiffw, May 8. 

— This afternoon a detachment of the Fifth 
New-York cavafary made a reoonnoissance fiixn 
New«Maricet towards Harrisonburgh, Ya., and 
when about five miles from the town they en- 



countered upwards of two hundred of Ashby'a 
cavalry. They charged on the rebels and pursued 
them within two miles of the town, killing ten 
and taking six prisoners. The National loss was 
one killed and the battalion adjutant taken pris- 
oner. — Baltimore Ameriean, May 8. 

—J. P. BmuAiay, the rebel Secretary o^ State, 
in answer to an inquiry by a Southern firm, 
whether cotton purchased on foreign account 
would be treated as exempted finom the general 
Uw which dechures that all cotton shall be de- 
stroyed when it is about to fall into the hands of 
the enemy, says : 

** I know no law which prohibits the purdiase 
of cotton on foreign account, but I am not aware 
of any law or reason of policy which should induce 
this government to extend to property thus pur- 
chased greater protection than is extended to that 
of our own citizens. It is the settled determina- 
tion of the government to allow no cotton to fiiU 
into the hands of our enemies, as it is perfectly 
well known that they would seize and appropriate 
to themselves all cotton they could find, without 
r^;ard to ownership. If your correspondents buy 
cotton they must expect to share the same risks 
as are incurred by our own citizens." — JRiehmond 
Dkpateh, May 7. 

— ^Thb rebel schooner C. C. Pinckney, fit>m 
Charleston, S. C, for Nassau, N. P., was cap- 
tured by the United States gunboat Ottawa. 

May 7. — ^This afternoon the rebel pickets above 
Columbiana Bridge, on the east side of the She- 
nandoah River, Ya., were driven back by detach- 
ments under CoL Foster, who was subsequently 
ambuscaded by two rebel regiments. The action 
hwted an hour, when Foster withdrew in good 
order. The enemy did not pursue. A company 
of Yermont cavalry was cut off and surrounded, 
but escaped by swimming the river. The ene- 
my's loss is not'known, except seven prisoners, 
belonging to the Sixth Yirginia and Seventh 
Louisiana^ which indicates that the enemy's forco 
was one of Swell's brigada — {Dpe^ 8.) 

— Gbhxbal Fbaseun's division, Army of the 
Potomac, waa attacked while landing at West- 
Point, Ya., by the rebel Army of the Peninsula. 
Afi»r a hard fight the rebels were repulsed with 
considerable loss, and the landing effected. — 
{Doe. 9.) 

—A unm from Algesiras, Spain, published 
this day, |^v«s the final acooont of the pnute 
Sumter. She had hun dosely bkNdnded in Gtl>- 



XatSl] 



DIART OF EVENTS. 



niter, by the United States gunboat Tuflcarora, 
whidi lay in Spanish waters within sight of her, 
for two months. Thirteen of the Sumtei's crew 
meanwhile deserted to the ganboat Seeing no 
other end to such a state of aAirs, the Captain 
of the Sumter discharged his crew and sold his 
sbipi— jr. F. Thnet, May T. 

— Obhbiial Cox's advance, consisting of part 
of the Twenty-third Ohio, under Miyor Cauley, 
occupied Gileses Court-House and the narrows of 
Kew-Rirer, driving out the rebels, who were taken 
by surprise. A considerable quantity of com- 
missuy stores was taken, and some twenty pri- 
vates made prisoners. The surprise prevented 
the burning of the place, as the rebels intended. 
The citizens remained, and most of them seem 
loyally disposed. — Ginerallk'emon^g J)eipateh. 

2£af S. — ^Nine Union regiments, under Gen- 
ends Jlilroy and Schenck, fought fourteen thou- 
aaod rebels, under General Jackson, at McDow- 
ell, in Virginia, from six till nine p.m., when they 
fidl back to the town of Franklin in good order. 
{Doc 10.) 

— Ths bombardment of the rebel batteries on 
Sewell's Point and Craney IsUmd was actively 
canted fimrard by the Monitw, the Naugatuck, 
and other vessels *of the fleet The ICerrimac 
fioally appeared, but as she evinced a disincUna- 
tion to come out into the roadstead, and the Na- 
tiomd vessels were equally disinclined to go up 
to her, the combat ceased. The scene was an 
exciting one for some time, and was witnessed 
by President lancoln and Secretary Stanton. — 
(Doci^) 

— MiBSRS. RiCHAKDSOK, Kuapp, and Robinson, 
of Illinois ; Law and Vooriiees, of Indiana ; Allen, 
White, Noble, Pendleton, Morris, and Vallandig- 
ham, of Ohio; Johnson and Ancona, of Penn- 
aylvinia, and Shields of Oregon, issued an ad- 
dress to the Democracy of the United States, set- 
ting Ibrtli party oiganization as a positive good 
and esMntial to the preservation of public liberty. 
--Cineinnati Gcuette, Ma/y 9. 

—Four companies of the Seventh Illinois cav- 
alry, under command of Major Aplington, when 
reeoDOoitriDg within a mile and a half of Corinth, 
Ids., diaoovered two rebd regiments of infiintry 
in positioD on both sides of the road. Mijor 
Aplington ^dlantly charged upon them, but fell 
fieroedbj a ball through the biain. Four of the 
Uoioa tro^is were dtglitly wounded; the rebels 
■dSared the loss of tfanty kiUed and wounded, 
ud fimr priioMnk 



— -Thb United States Senate passed a bill es- 
teblishing Beaufort, S. C, as a port of entry. 

— ^Thb utm-clad gunboate Galena, Aroostook, 
and Port Royal left Fortress Monroe and started 
up James River, at six o'clock this morning. 
Immediately after their departure, the rebel tug, 
F. R White, came out from Craney Island, hav- 
ing left Norfolk this morning with a crew and 
two dtixens on board, on a mission to Tannery 
Point, but they run over to Newport News, and 
surrendered to General Mansfield! — BaiMm/or^ 
Am&rioaai^ May 9. 

— ^Thbeb brigades of General Buell's army 
seised the portion of the Memphis and Chariee- 
ton Railroad between Corinth and the Grand 
Junction, and thus cut the communication be- 
tween those points. — Chicago TifM9, May 9. 

— ^GoTBRHOB Clark, of North-Carolina, in re- 
sponse to a demand of the confederate govern- 
ment for more troops and transportation, informed 
that government that it **had received all the aid 
from North-Carolina that it could expect, and 
that no more troops would be permitted to leave 
the SUte."— ^: r. Merald, May 19. 

May 9. — ^This night the rebels evacuated Pen- 
saoola, Florida, and set fire to the forts, navy- 
yard, barracks, and marine hospitel. General 
Arnold, at Fort Pickens, commenced a bombard- 
ment when the destruction of property was be- 
gun, with the hope of saving a portion of the 
forts and property. The steamers Rradford and 
Neaffie were burnt Fort McRae, the hospital, 
and navy-yard were destroyed. The barracks 
were saved, as were also the foundry and bUck- 
smith shop in the navy-yard. — (fioe, 18.) 

—This morning, a company of rebel cavalry, 
one hundred strong, under command of Captain 
Walker, made a dash on Washington, N. C, with 
the avowed purpose of capturing all the Federal 
officers, and suddenly retummg before the gun- 
boats could open upon them. Rut the picketo 
heard them approaching, and several of them 
united their squads, and poured a raking fire into 
them, killing Captain Walker and five men, be- 
sides wounding several others. The cavalry im- 
mediately retreated without effecting their pur- 
pose. None of the Union ih)op8 were injured. 
The picketo engaged were from company A, Cap- 
tein Redding, Twenty-fourth Massachusetts. 

While this affray was going on, some seoessicHi- 
isto aasafiBinatiMl two recruito for the First regi- 
ment North-Carolina volunteers, in another part 



6 



REBELLION BECORD, 1862. 



[Mat 10. 



of the town, and beat their brains out — Newhem 
Progresi^ May 10. 

— Gbkbbal Huntbb declared '' the persons in 
the three States, Georgia, Florida, and South- 
Carolina, heretofore held as slaves, forever free." 
— (2>ae. 28.) 

— Captain Connbt, company E, Twenty-seventh^ 
Indiana volunteers, (Colonel Gazlay*8,) stationed 
with a squad of forty-eight men to guard a bridge 
at Elkton station, twelve miles from Athens, Ala., 
was attacked by six hundred rebel cavalry, under 
Col Tom. Woodward, of Kentucky, and alter a 
fight of half an hour, was captured, with all his 
men, five of them being killed. Captain C. was 
severely wounded. The rebels lost thirteen, who 
were buried at Athens. — Ifathville UnioT^ June 5. 

— Two guerrillas were hung at Chester, Ya., 
this day. — ^The House of Representatives adopted a 
resolution tendering its thanks " to Major-General 
Qeorge B. ICcClellan, for the display of those high 
mQitary qualities which secure important results 
with but littie sacrifice of human life." — ^A fight 
took place at Slater's Mills, Va.— (i)0c. 106.) 

— Genehal Paine's division of the Union army 
of the South-west was attacked in position two 
miles beyond Farmington, Mississippi, by the 
rebel division of Gen. Bragg. Bragg was held in 
check for five hours, but being heavily rein- 
forced, Gen. Paine withdrew across the Tennes- 
see River by Gen. Pope's order.~{i>i?0. 24.) 

— Thb town of Burning Springs, in West 
County, Western Virginia, was burned by a par- 
ty of guerrillas known as the Moccasin Rangers. 
— Wheeling Intelligeneer, 

— GsKERAL BoTLEB sunounced by general order 
that one thousand barrels of beef and sugar, cap- 
tured from the rebels, would be distributed to 
the poor of New-Orleans City.— (JPoA 29.) 

May 10. — ^White House, on the Pamunkey 
River, Virginia, was occupied by a company of 
National cavalry, who secured seven thousand 
bushel^ of wheat and four thousand bushels of 
com. The rebels had burnt the railroad bridge 
and town, and torn up the road for some distance 
towards Richmond. — IT. Y, Cammereial^ May 12. 

— ^Tbb rebel schofner Maria Teresa was cap- 
tured this day by the United States gunboat Una- 
amtL-^Doe. 82.) 

— ^A Unior meeting was held at Shepardsville, 
Carteret County, N. C, this day. H. R Bell 
was called to the chair, and Thomas Hill was 



appointed secretary. The following resolutions 
were unanimously adopted : 

Beeohedy That we deeply regret the unfor- 
tunate occurrence of the present war now pro- 
gressing between the Federal Government and 
the Southern States. 

Retohed^ That in our opinion said war was 
brought on by a few hasty politicians, and not 
by any act of the Federal Government 

Eeeohed, Further, that we believe it to be the 
duty of all Union-loving men to meet and speak 
their Union sentiments, and also to take mea- 
sures to maintain and defend the Constitution of 
the United SUtes. 

Besolvedf That we desire protection by our 
Federal fiiends. 

Be»alved, That since it has become necessary 
to appoint a Military Governor for the State of 
North-Carolina, we heartily concur in the ap- 
pointment of the Hon. 'Edward Stanly, to fill 
that office, and agree to invite the said Edward 
Stanly to visit us at Shepardsville. 

— ^A PLOT was discovered in Paducah, Ky., 
spread among the people there of secession pro- 
clivities, by which the town was to be handed 
over to the rebels within a week. Information 
was given by one of their number. — I^aahville 
Union, May 11. 

— New-BIent Court-House, Va., was occupied 
by the National forces under the command of 
General Stoneman. The rebels, on leaving the 
town, destroyed two buildings containing com- 
missary and quartermaster's stores. — Boeton 
Tranecript, May 12. 

— Cumberland, Va., a small town on the Pa 
munkey River, was deserted by the rebels and 
immediately occupied by the National troops. — 
Ifational Intelligeneer^ May 12. 

— The iron -clad steamer Ironsides, was 
launched this morning at Kensington, Philadel- 
phia» Pa., in the presence of an inunense crowd. 
The christening was performed by Commodore 
Stewart, of the " Old Ironsides," at whose sug- 
gestion the name of '* New Ironsides," was given. 

— ^A NAVAL engagement took place near Fort 
Pillow on the Mississippi River between a rebel 
fleet of eight iron-dad gunboats and a Union fleet 
of six. Four of the rebel boats had ram& Two 
of the rebel boats were blown up, and a third 
sunk, when the remainder retreated precipitately 
under the guns of Fort Pillow. The National 
fleet was commanded by Capt C. H. Bavis. — 
{Doc 80.) 




• ^-^^8 'M)y A.H t">a.cV. 



Gen lewis WM.i^vcb:. 





^V3 
'it, 



Hat 11] 



DIABT OF KVXNTa 



—BrGencnl Butler's order, there were seized 
at the office of the Consul of the NetherUnds in 
New-Orleans one hundred and sixty k^s, each 
contiimng five thousand dollars in specie.— 
(Doe. 88.) 

— ^BRiRAL Wool, with five thousand men, 
linded at Willoughby's Point, in Hampton Roads, 
and immediately marched upon Norfolk, Ya. At 
five mOes from Norfolk he was met by a delega- 
tioQ of dtixens, who formally surrendered the cify 
into his hands. It was immediately occupied, and 
GeiL Yiele made Military GoTemor.-^2>(M. 11.) 

—A MSETiNO of the citizens was held at Bay 
River, N. C, for the purpose of forming a com- 
pany of Union Home Quards. F. B SilTerthom 
was chosen Preddent, and Bfathias Powers Sec- 
retary. Mr. Francis T. Biggs offered the follow- 
ing resolution, which was passed by the meeting : 

BrnliMd^ That if any of our company betrays 
the trust reposed in him, by giving aid to or re- 
Tealing any of the operations of this company to 
any rebels, without instruction to do so from the 
proper authorities, he or they shall be immedi- 
ately apprehended, and dealt with as traitors de- 
serre. 

Over ninety-seren of the citizens signed the 
roU. The president of the meeting addressed 
them effeetiTely, and was authorized to appoint 
a captain and three lieutenants for the company. 
The object of the meeting was to dean out the 
lower part of the county of all traitors whatso- 
ever, by i^prehending them and carrying them 
before the militaiy authorities of the Federal 
govemment — Newbem Progrea^ May 24. 

May 11. — ^The jayhawker Cleveland, whose 
band of robbers had infested Northern Kansas 
for some months past, was arrested at Ossawato- 
mie by Lieut Walker and ten men of the Kan- 
sas Sixth. Cleveland broke away from the guard, 
and was killed while attempting to escape. One 
of his band named Barbour, was arrested at the 
same time, and taken to Fort Leavenworth for 
safe keeping. 

— Cranet Islahp, Va., was abandoned by the 
rebels yesterday, and to-day the National forces 
took possession of the forti^cations and raised 
the flag of the United States. 

— Oks hundred and forty of Morgan's cavalry 
at noon to-day captured forty-eight freight and 
four passenger-cars and two locomotives at Cave 
City, Ky. Moigan supposed the train would 
oontain two hundred and eighty cavaby prison- 



ersi bound northward. The operator at Cave 
City, however, gave notice of these fkcts to Bowl- 
ing Green, and stopped the upward train. Among 
the captured Nationals were Majors Helveti and 
Coffee, both of Wolford's cavalry, and one other 
Federal officer and three or four soldiers. The 
rebels burned all the cars except two, and the 

locomotive. — LauiniUe Journal^ May 12. 

• 

— ^The rebel iron-dad steamer Merrimac (Vir- 
ginia) was blown up by order of her commander at 
her anchorage off Craney Island, Va.— (i>(?c. 12.) 

— ^A LXTTBB from Albuquerque, New-Mexico, 
of this date, says : The Texans have conUnued 
their retreat to £1 Paso, and will leave the coun- 
try entirely. They were greatly demoralized, 
broken up in bands, and devastating the country, 
and threatening to kill their General, Sibley, who, 
they say, deceived them by informing them that 
it was only necessary to march into the country, 
which was anxious to receive them, and all they 
had to do was to drive out the Federal officers, 
and that they would live and possess the country 
in ease and luxury. 

The Colorado volunteers, (Pike*s Peakers,) and 
some one thousand regulars, are at and in the 
vicinity of Fort Craig, under command of Col. 
Paid. Gen. Canby has reSstablisbed his head- 
quarters at Santa F6, where he and the staff are 
at present — Mi890uri Democrat 

— ^An expedition consisting of six squadrons 
of the First Wisconsin cavalry, from Cape Girar- 
deau, Mo., went to Bloomfield yesterday, and 
early this morning fell uppn the rebel CoL Phe- 
lan*s camp, scattering them in every direction, 
with one killed and eleven captured. A large 
number of horses and a quantity of camp equi- 
page were also taken. A rebd force, numbering 
five or six hundred, infest Chalk and Poplar 
Bluffs, impressing all the men. The country is 
being swept of horses, cattle and supplies, which 
are sent South. The people are in a state of 
great terror. — Indianapolis JoumaL 

— <Tbx United States gunboats Freeborn and 
Island Belle, cut out of Piankatank Biver, in 
Virginia, two large schooners, one empty, the 
other loaded with whisky. Five persons were 
found on the shore of this river by the Captain 
of the Island Belle, who represented themselves 
as deserters from the confederate army. — Ni T. 
Times^ May 24. 

May 12.~General McClellan, in camp at Bo- 



8 



BSBSLUOir BSOOBD, 1862. 



pUT 18. 



pel's Church, YiTginia^ sent the following des- 
patch to the War Department : 

** Commander Rodgers writes me to-day that 
he went with the gunboats yesterday past Little 
Brandon. Every thing quiet and no signs of 
troops crossing the riyer. He found two batter- 
ies, of ten or twelve guns each, on the south 
side of James Riyer ; one opposite the mouth of 
the Warwick, the other about south-west from 
Mulberry Point 

^^The upper battery, on Hardin's, or Mother 
Pine's Bluf^ has heayy rifled pieces. Between 
the batteries lay the Jamestown and Torktown. 
Commander Rodgers offered battle, but the gun- 
boats moved ofL He silenced one battery and 
ran past the other." 

— Habvet Bbown was confirmed as Brevet 
Brigadier-General in the United States army. 

— President Lincoln issued a proclamation 
declaring that the blockade of the ports of Beau- 
fort, Port Royal, and New-Orleans shall so far 
cease and determine, firom and after the first of 
June next, that commercial intercourse with 
these ports, except as to persons and things and 
information contraband of war, may from that 
time be carried on, subject to the laws of the 
United States and to the limitations and in pui^ 
snance of the regulations which are prescribed 
by the Secretary of the Treasury.— (2?<hjl 14.) 

— Commander Palmer, of the United States 
steamer Iroquois, demanded the surrender of the 
city of Natchez, Mississippi, to the naval forces 
of the United States. 

— ^Two regiments from Kentucky and Tennes- 
see attempted to desert from the rebel army, near 
Corinth, but were fordbly detained. — ^The rebel 
steamer Gov. Morton was captured. 

— ^The United States Senate passed Mr. Doo- 
little's bill providing for the collection of taxes in 
the insurrectionary districts^ — ^During a debate 
on the motion fixing a time of ac|joumment| Mr. 
Wilson called Mr. Davis, of Kentucky, to order 
for uttering treasonable sentiments. After some 
explanation the point of order was withdrawn, 
and the motion laid on the table. 

— ^A Convention of Unionists was held at Nash- 
ville, Tennessee, this day. Patriotic resolutions 
were adopted without dissent^ and eloquent ad- 
dresses were made by Governor Andrew John- 
aoD, William H. Polk, General Campbell, Wm. 
K Stokes, W. H. Wisner, Edmund Cooper, and 
others. A oommittee was appointed to prepare 



an address to the people of the State ; and the 
policy of Governor Johnson was ^^ oordially ap- 
proved."— (-D^ •^O 

— ^The Charleston (S. C.) Coubieb of this date 
congratulates the citizens of Charleston upon 
their being four times stronger than New-Orleans. 
Large consignments of stones from Colombia and 
the interior, and iron chains and other Buterialit 
will soon be on their way to aid in constmcting a 
stone wall to block oat the invaden from ap- 
proaching within shelling distance of the city. 
The Southern papers oondemn General Butler's 
order No. 28, as " cowardly and in&mous," but 
do not publish it 

— ^This night a party under Lieat Flusaer of 
the Commodore Perry went on shore six miles 
above Elizabeth City, N. C, and three miles into 
the country, and recovered the White Point Light- 
House apparatus. To prevent inlinination of the 
movement being conveyed to some rebel cav- 
alry in the neighborhood, all the men found on the 
route were retained until every thing had been 
conveyed to one of the boats, which was done by 
some rebel teams pressed into the service. — Offi- 
etalBepart 

May 18. — Martial law went into force in 
Charleston, 8. C, this day. Squads of the Pro- 
vo8t-Marshal*s guard were to be seen here and 
there in the more public portions of the d^, and 
many a luckless wight, in military or semi-milita- 
ry costume, who had no fivlough or leave of ab- 
sence to show, was trotted off to the guard-house, 
where he either did have, or at some future time 
will have, an opportunity of giving an account 
of himselt In more than one instance eminent- 
ly peaceftd individuals, affecting the jaunty and 
warlike ** Beauregard cap,*' were hauled up with 
that true military sternness which is deaf alike to 
entreaties and . remonstances. The quiet pre- 
cincts of the City Hall were suddenly converted 
into a veritable camp, to the manifest delight of 
the urchins who thronged the railings of the en- 
closure, ga&ng admiringly upon the taut canvas 
walls. 

There was a great rush at the passport office. 
Owing to the very limited time allotted for the 
preparation of passports, only a small portion of 
those desiring to leave Uie dty were accommo- 
dated with the indispensable documents. Some 
arrangement should immediately be made to 
remedy this great inconvenience to the public 
If the passport system is to be carried out^ it is 
absolutely necessary that the passport office 



Mat IS.] 



DIARY OF EVEirrS. 



should be open to applicants at all hours -^ or 
nesrlfso. Otherwise, persons passing through 
the dty upon legithnate business will be subject 
to unreasonable and altogether needless deUy. — 
CharUiUn^ Menury^ May 14. 

— Oss. FaxMOHT with his command reached 
Fnuklin, Western Yiiginia. He went thither by 
foroed nuurches, as it was apprehended that an at- 
tack woold be made on Generals Schenck and 
IGlroy, aheady in that neighborhood. — The 
Anny of the Potomac made an average advance 
of twdre miles to-day. — ^Bfajor-Qeneral Halleck 
at Monterey, Tenn., issued an order expelling 
newspaper correspondents firom his lines. 

— QsirKSAL Butler at New-Orleans, issued the 
fclkwing order:— "It appearing that The New- 
OrUane Creecent^ a newspaper published in this 
dty, is owned and edited by J. O. Nixon, a rebel, 
now in arms against the Goyemment of the Uni- 
ted States, the Commanding General of this De- 
partment orders that the publication of that 
newspaper be suppressed ; and that no publica- 
tion, by pamphlet, handbill, or otherwise, in 
any form whatever, shall be made from said of- 
fice after the promulgation of this order." 

— BnGAnuES-GsK. Kellt was, with a force of 
National troops, attacked this afternoon in a pass 
at Reedy Credc, Va., by guerrillas firing from the 
mountain-top, but no one was killed or wounded. 
His men made a gallant charge up the mountain, 
and returned the guerrillas' fire with so much 
{^irit, that they fled and made their escape.-r- 
G€fL KeUy'e I>eipatcL 

—The rebel armed steamer Planter was run 
out of the harbor of Charleston, S. C, by a 
crew of n^roes, and surrendered to Commander 
Panott, of the United States steamer Augusta. 
At four o'clock in the morning, Robert Small, 
pilot of the Planter, got up steam, cast off his 
moorings, took on board, besides his r^ular 
crew, five women and three children, hoisted the 
rebel and Palmetto flags, steamed down^he bay, 
aahted the forts as he passed them, pulled down 
the flags when he got past the last fort, hoisted 
instead a white flag, and steamed boldly out to 
the blodcading vessel— (2^. 86.) 

— SurroLK, in Virginia, was occupied by Major 
Bodge with a portion of General WooPs oom- 
nand. — General WocVe Deepatch. 

—Srasr hnndred and ei^ty-five prisoners, re- 
leased fipom Richmond on parole, left Old Point 
Nlnaly rebel prisoners, who were to be returned 



to Itidimond, positively refused to go, and took 
the oath of allegiance.— ^ F. JHbune^ May 14. 

— A B£coNNorrBiNo party, under Brigadier- 
General Smith, had a skirmish with the rebel 
pickets, near Monterey, Tenn., which resulted in 
killing two, woimding three, and capturing five 
rebels. The National loss was twa 

— ^At New-Orleans, La., General Butler issued 
the following order : 

It having come to the knowledge of the Com- 
manding General that Friday next is proposed to 
be observed as a day of fasting and prayer, in 
obedience to some supposed proclamation of one 
Jefferson Davis, in the several churches of this 
city, it is ordered that no such observance be had. 

Churches and religious houses are to be kept 
open, as in times of profound peace, but no reli- 
gious exercises are to be had upon the supposed 
authority above mentioned 

— Last evening the rebels commenced shelling 
Fort Wright, on the Mississippi River, fit)m behind 
Craighead Point, which, until yesterday, was occu- 
pied by the National mortar-boats. They kept up 
a fire during the night, the shells exploding wide 
of the mark. They are provided with mortars 
equal in weight of metal to those used by the 
Federal fiwi.^Chieago Tribune^ May 15. 

— Dr. Nathan S. Jabvis, sui^geon of the regl^ 
lar army, died at Baltimore, Md., this morning. 

— ^Natchez, Miss., surrendered to the Union 
fleet, under the command of Flag-Officer Farra- 
gut— (Doc 108.) 

— ^The Mobile Evening Telegraphy of this date, 
contains the following : As is customaiy, a hand- 
car is sent firon> Pass Manchac down to Eenner, 
to ascertain if the road is clear; if so, a signal is 
given to the conductor of the r^ular train. In 
this instance, on Friday evening, the first hand- 
car went down and was questioned by the Fed- 
eral pickets and allowed to pass. The second car 
attempted to nm past and was fired upon, killing 
two men and wounding two others. One of the 
men killed is said to be Mr. Crickard, Assistant- 
Quartermaster at Camp Moore. The third hand- 
car that went down they seized, and took the 
other two and the hands on board prisoners. 
Then about twenty-five Federal soldiers came up 
on the hand-cars and fired on our soldiers sta- 
tioned to guard the bridge. The Federals set 
fire to the bridge, and our forces fired two shots 
at the enemy, when they retreated toward New- 



10 



REBELLION BEOOBD, 1862. 



[Hat 14. 



Orleans. Our foroes then went to work and ex- 
tinguished the fire. 

— Gbnebal Nbolxt, of the army of the South- 
west, occupied the town of RogersriUe, in North- 
em Alabama, and drove the rebels across the 
Tennessee Bijet,'^(Doc 86.) 

May 14. — ^President Lincoln, accompanied bj 
Secretary Stanton, and Captain Dahlgren, yisit- 
ed Fredericksburgh, Ya., to-day. The Martha 
Washington oouTeyed the party to Acquia Greek, 
fix>m whence they were taken by railroad to 
Gen. McDowell*s headquarters, opposite Fred- 
ericksbuigh. The occasion was made a gala-day. 
Flags were displayed from the steamboats and 
shipping at Acquia Creek. Several regiments 
were reviewed by the President In the after- 
noon Mr. Lincoln, accompanied by General Mc- 
Dowell, Gen. Patrick, and a body-guard, visited 
and rode through the streets of Fredericksburgh. 
The President was greeted by the troops and 
many of the citizens with the utmost enthu- 
siasm. A National salute was fired by one of 
the batteries in Falmouth. The Presidential 
party returned late in the evening to Wash- 
ington. 

— ^A SKiBxiBH took place about five miles firom 
Trenton Bridge, N. C, between a detachment of 
Union troops under command of Colonel Amory, 
consisting of twelve companies of cavalry, the 
Seventeenth and Twenty-fifth Massachusetts in- 
fantry, and a section of the Third New-York 
artillery, and a body of rebels secreted in the 
woods along the roadside. After a fierce con- 
test^ which lasted only about ten minutes, the 
rebels were routed, leaving nine of their number 
dead on the field, among whom was Lieutenant 
Rogers, a fitvorite o£9oer among theuL — Ni Y, 
TVihune, , 

— ^A soLDiBB, belonging to CoL Catherwood^s 
regiment, Sixth Missouri State Militia^ named 
Donegan, was inhumanly murdered by ** bush- 
whackers,*' within gun-shot hearing of his father's 
house, firom which he was returning unarmed to 
his regiment SeveM outrages of this kind 
having occurred about this time in the neighbor- 
hood of Cameron, Missouri, CoL Catherwood de- 
tailed a scouting party of sixty men, under the 
command of Capt Bassett, to ferret out the per- 
petrators. After four days* ceaseless riding, they 
succeeded in capturing eighteen prisoners, twen- 
ty-nine Mississippi rifles, and three kegs of pow- 
der.— iTiMoun Democrat, 



— ^Thb Charleston Meroury of this day publish- 
es the following circular, which, it says, is " the 
deliberate expression of probably tiie largest^ 
wealthiest and most influential class of the citi- 
zens of New-Orleans," and says, also, that "for 
reasons that will be manifest to all," no 4gna- 
tures are attached to it : 

''To Cotton Plabtbbs. — New -Orleans has 
fidlen, not d^raded or enslaved, but yielding to 
armed ships with guns levelled at the homes of 
our defenceless wives and children. The escut- 
cheon of Louisiana is unstained, and her flag has 
been desecrated but v by her enemie& Nono 
could be found among us so vile, low or degraded 
as to lower her national insignia. We havo 
yielded to brute force but for Uie moment 

'' It becomes now the duty of all planters to 
display more than ever their patriotism and devo- 
tion to their country. They have sealed that devo- 
tion upon the battle-field. Now let us fight our 
enemies, as well by burning and destroying every 
bale of cotton upon the river or rivers liable to cap- 
ture, as well as refurang ever to ship or sell a bale 
of cotton until peace is declared and our national- 
ity is fixed. Let their conquest be a barren one. 

*' The merchant fleets of Europe and of Yan- 
keedom will soon be bringing their riches among 
us to trade with us, expecting an exchange of 
cotton. If commerce is once revived we are en- 
slaved for ever. Let Europe howl at the waste 
the barbarity of the North will have brought uf^ 
on the country. The United States Government 
has promised renewed trade to the world so soon 
as our ports are opened. If we are true to our- 
selves, there will be no trade, and the countless 
millions of foreign products will be without pur- 
chasers. How long will they remain idle specta- 
tors of such a scene ? The Powers of Europe will 
see that there is no sentiment of regard for the 
old flag— that we despise the race ; and when we 
withhold or destroy our property, they will find 
that Unionism is dead for ever." 

— ^Thb United States steamers Ceres and Lock- 
wood pursued the rebel steamer Alice up Roa- 
noke Kiver, and o^tured her about two miles 
below Williamston. She had on board bacon 
for the rebel army, and the church-bells of Ply- 
mouth, which were to be cast into field-pieces. 
At Plymouth, the Commodore Perry found the 
lantern firom the lightpboat at the mouth of Roa- 
noke River, concealed in the Custom-House.— < 
Official Report. 



Mat 1ft.] 



BiABT OF Evi^rra 



11 



— Ih the Umted States Senate Mr. Wright, of 
Indkna, presented a petition firom citizens of that 
State, a^ing Congress to stop the agitation of 
the negro question and attend to the business of 
patting down the rebellion. 

May 15. — A company of infantry of General 
Geary's command was ordered to Linden, Ya, to 
remain stationed there. A detachment of seven- 
teen men, guard to the company wagon, reached 
there a short time before the main body of the 
company, which was on a tram. They were n,tr 
tukeii by a body of cavahry, variously estimated 
at from three to six hundred, coming upon them 
from four different directions. The Nationals re- 
sisted tiiem, keeping up a sharp fire under shelter 
of the depdt, which was riddled with bullets. 
Gen. Geary's men were overpowered; one was 
killed and fourteen were taken prisoners, three 
of whom were wounded, when the enemy hastily 
retired under fire. — General Geary^s Deepateh, 

—Tbs, United States gunboats Galena, Moni- 
tor, Aroostook, Naugatuck, and Port Royal were 
repulsed fitnn Fort Darlmg, on the James River. 
The one hundred pound gun on the Naugatuck 
exploded at the first fire.— {2?(mj. 87.) 

— Gbkat excitement existed in Richmond, Ya, 
OQ the i^yproach of Gen. McGlellan^s army and 
the gunboats. A joint Committee were appoint- 
ed by the Legislature of Yirginia to communicate 
with Jeff Davis in relation to the defence of the 
dty. The General Assembly resolved that the 
capital of th« State should be defended to the 
last extremity. Governor Letcher issued a pro- 
clamation calling all the officers out of service, 
and otihers who were willing to unite in defending 
the capita], to meet at the City Hall that evening. 
The meeting was held amid great excitement and 
eotfauriasm. The action of the Governor waa 
winnly commended. — {Doc 109.) 

— Iv the Senate of Yirginia Mr. Collier submit- 
ted a joint resolution declaring that slavery is the 
iimdamental doctrine of Southern civilization. — 
(8u Supplement) 

—A 8KIB1IIBH todc place, nine miles east of 
BatesriHe, Arkansas, between a party of theFiflJi 
Illinois cavaby, nnder Lieut Smith, and a small 
iatoe of the enemy. The rebels were repulsed, 
leaving in the bands of the Unionists, a major, a 
c^itain, and one private. The Union party lost 
nona— Jfinovri JkoMerat. 

-— AuoLuiDXB H. BaowN, Assistant Provost- 
lUnhU atChaiisston^S. C, issued the following 



regulations in reference to travelling in that de- 
partment : 

*^ With the view of preventing any unauthor- 
ised person of color, bond or firee, firom leaving 
the dty, the following regulations have been 
adopted by this department : 

" 1. Railroads and other means of transporta- 
tion are forbid conveying, without a passport, any 
firee person of color or slave firom the limits where- 
in martial law prevails. 

" 2. Applications for passports for firee persons 
of color must be made by their guardians or other 
responsible white person. 

** 8. Applications for passports for slaves must 
be made either by their owners or responsible 
representatives or agents. * 

^'4. Travellii^ with a white person will not 
dispense with these regulations.*' 

May 16. — The following General Order, made 
by President Lincoln, at Norfolk, Va, on the 
eleventh of May, was this day issued : 

" The skilful and gallant movements of Major- 
Gen. John £. Wool and the forces under his com- 
mand, which resulted in the surrender of Nor- 
folk, and the evacuation of the strong batteries 
erected by the rebels on Sewell's Point and 
Oraney Island, and the destruction of the rebel 
iron-clad steamer Merrimac, are regarded by the 
President as among the most important successes 
of the present war. He therefore orders that his 
thanks as Commander-in Chief of the Army and 
Navy, be communicated by the War Department 
to Major-Gen. John £. Wool, and the officers and 
soldiers of his command, for their gallantry and 
good conduct in the brilliant operations men- 
tioned." 

The United States steamer Oriental was 
wrecked on Body's Island, thirty miles north of 
Cape Hatteras, N. C— The Senate of the United 
States confirmed the nomination of Brevet Major- 
Gen. Wool to be Major^General of the army. 

— ^At New-Orleans, La., General Butier issued 
the following orders : 

^* The New-Orleans Bee newspaper having pub- 
lished an eUborate though covert argument in 
fiivor of the cotton-burning mob, is hereby sup- 
pressed. No publication of any description will 
issue firom that office until further orders. 

" The New-Orleans Delta newspaper having, 
in an article of to-day's issue, discussed the cot- 
ton question in a manner which violates the terms 
of the proclamation of first of May instant fimn 
these headquarters, the office of tiiat paper will 



12 



BSBELUON BB(X)BD, 1M2. 



[Mat 18. 



be taken possession of and its business conducted 
under direction of the United States authorities." 

^ It is hereby ordered that neither the cify of 
New-Orleans, nor the banks thereof exchange 
their notes, bills or obligations for confederate 
notes, bills or bonds, nor issue any bill, note or 
obligation payable in confederate notes. 

**• On the twenty-seventh day of May instant, 
all circulation of or trade in confederate notes and 
bills will cease within this Department ; and all 
sales or transfers of property made on or after 
that day, in condderation of such notes or bills, 
directly or indirectly, will be void, and the pro- 
perty confiscated to the United States — one 
fourth thereof to »> to the informer." — {Doe. 88.) 

--Two Union gunboats opened fire with shot 
and shell on Darien, Georgiai without inflicting 
any damage. — ^Fast day in the rebel States. — 
Sanantuih KetM^ May 17. — {Doc 89.) 

— CoLONXL JoHNsoir Hagood, ProTost-Marshal 
of the Second Military District of South-Carolina, 
issued the following from his headquarters at 
Chairleston: 

*' In compliance with instructions receiyed from 
Brigadier-Qeneral Ripley, Gapt Francis D. Lee, 
Engineer Corps, is empowered to impress any 
negro carpenters and other artisans, not now em- 
ployed in gOTemment service, whether the same 
be slaves or not Obtain Lee will be fiimished 
with such force as may be necessary to cany out 
the instructions.'* 

— ^Thb National Intelligeneer this morning 
contains an article, three columns in length, de- 
nouncing Gen. Huntei^s proclamation, and assert- 
ing that the Piresident will revoke it 

— OoxMODOBB GoLDSBOBOUOB with the Susque- 
hannah, the Wachusett, the Dacotah, and the 
Maratanza moved up the James River, Va., to 
reduce two batteries on the south shore, and 
found the batteries abandoned.—^ Z Timet, 
May ih-^Doe. 110.) 

May 17.— At Galveston, Texas, Captain Hen- 
ry Eagle, commanding the United States naval 
forces, sent the following message to the oom- 
mander of the rebel forces at that place: 

*'In a few days the naval and land forces of 
the United States will appear off the town of 
Galveston to enforce its surrender. To prevent 
the eflfhsion of blood and destruction of property 
which would result from the bombardment of 
your town, I hereby demand the surrender of 
the plice^ with all its fortifications and batteries 



in its vicinity, with all arms and munitions of 
war. I trust you will comply with this demand." 
General Herbert replied that when the land 
and naval forces made thdr appearance, the de- 
mand would be answered. At the same time ho 
advised the people of the city to ^^keep cool — 
there is no danger. When the enemy lands and 
endeavors to penetrate into the interior, he will 
be fou^t on every inch of ground. In the mean 
time, every man should stand by his arms, and 
be ready to take the field at a moment's warn- 
ing.*'— -IToiwe^ Telegraphy May 28. 

— ^Therb was a general advance of the Union 
lines towards Corinth, with much skirmiRhing 
and several severe engagements. General Sher- 
man's division lost forty-four killed and a number 
wounded, in attacking Russell's House, but suc- 
ceeded in dislodging the rebels from that posi- 
twa— (i)ac. 41.) 

— ^Thb gunboat Currituck, accompanied by the 
transport steamer Seth Low, made a reconnois- 
sance up the Pamunkey River, Va., for the pur- 
pose of capturing or destroying two rebel steamers 
and several smaller vessels supposed to be at or 
near Casey's Point, about ten miles below New- 
castle. On reaching that point the vessels were 
not found, and the gunboat continued the search 
until within a mile of Newcastle, where two com- 
panies of infimtry landed and marched to an ele- 
vated position, from which they discovered all 
the vessels in fiames, they having been set on 
fire to prevent their capture by the Cumtnd^ 
The object of the reoonnoissance having been ac- 
complished, the companies reembarked and re- 
turned to the White Houscl— j^ F. Timee^ 
May 20. 

— Thb gunboat Penobscot, Captain Clitdi, 
opened fire on the shore batteries at Newlet In- 
let, near Wihnington, N. C. The attack brouf^t 
out the position and power of the guns and bat- 
teries, and this being all that was wanted, the 
gunboat soon ceased to fbn.—Jfdti<nuU InteUi- 
g&neer. 

— Thi advuice-guard of the Armyof the Poto- 
mac reached the Cluckahominy River at Bottom's 
Bridge, about fifteen miles ttom Richmond. The 
rebels destroyed the bridge, and the march of the 
Union troops was obstmcted* — MeOUUnCe Dee^ 
pateh. 

May 18.— A skirmish took pUuse near Sean^, 
on the Little Bed River, Arkansas, between one 
hundred and fifty men of Gen. Osterhaus^s divi- 



XatSO.] 



BIART OF EYSNTS. 



18 



83011, and some six hundred rebels^ under ColonelB 
Coleman and Hicks, in ifdiich the latter were 
ronted, with a lofls of one hundred and fifty left 
cm the field and quite a number wounded. 

—A noHT took place at Princeton, Ya., between 
the KatioDals under the command of General Cox 
and a body of rebels under Humphrey Marshall, 
in which ttie Nati<mals lost thirty killed and ser- 
entj wounded. 

— S. Pbuxips Lks, United States Nayy, com- 
manding the adyance naral division on the Mis- 
sissippi Rirer, demanded the surrender of Yicks- 
bai^ to the authority of the United States. — 
(Doe. 111.) 

May 19.— ^en. Stoneman*s brigade of McClel- 
Ws army advanced to within fourteen miles of 
Richmond, Ya. They left their encampment 
near White House at daybreak this mommg, and 
preceded by the signal corps, pushed on to a 
point six miles above Tunstall's Station. Soon 
after they reached a position within four miles of 
the Chidcahominy, where the signal corps dis- 
covered a body of rebel cavalry dravm up in line 
to receive them. The National pickets fell back 
a few yards, when one company of the Sixth 
United SCateB cavahy came up and charged upon 
the rebdfl, driving them back and capturing two 
of their hones. The Nationals lost one horse. 

— OssEBLAL HuirrER*s proclamation, by which 
the slaves in Florida, Geoi^ and South-Carolina, 
htd been declared fi^ was officially repudiated 
tnd pronounced void by President Lincoln. — 
[Doe. 43.) 

—GovxRKOB Yates, of Illinois, issued a pro- 
clamation calling for recruits to fill up the volun- 
teer r^ments from that State. Many of our re- 
giments, he says, entered the field with numbers 
scarcely above the minimum. These have nobly 
done their duty, and many have purchased lasting 
hooors with the price of ^eir lives, and it remains 
only for us to maintain what they have achieved, 
tnd therelbre I call upon die people of Illinois to 
nist men in every precinct in the State for the 
ngiineots that were sent from their own sections, 
to fill up their own companies. Relying upon 
the same patriotism that has thus fiur fiimished 
a brave and noble host at die shortest notioe, I 
Kod forth thb pfodamatkm, and oonfldently ex- 
pect a prompt respODse that will maintain the 
present ^ory of our State. 

—A BBooinronsjkiroB was made to Olinton, nine 
Biks ioiitii of Newbem^ N. 0. The rebels' ad- 



vanoed pidcets were met, and a skirmish ensued, 
resulting in the loss of one Lieutenant and four 
privates belonging to the Nationals. The rebels 
lost nine killed and two prisoners.. 

— ^LxEUTENAVT S. M. WmTEsmEs, with eight 
men of company E, of the Sixth cavalry, cap- 
tured a train of one hundred mules and eight 
contrabands belonging to the brigade of the rebel 
General Whiting, near the advance of General 
McClellan, en route for Richmond. 

— Tta L0giskture of Virginia adjourned in ac- 
cordance with a resi^ntion preriously adopted. 
In the House of Delegates, the Speaker, Mr. 
Shefiey, of Augusta, delivered an affecting vale^ 
dictory.— (/Siw Supplement) 

— ^This afternoon a boat went ashore fix>m the 
Wachusett, lying in the James River, Ya., with 
a flag of truce, containing six officers and twelve 
men. The sui^geon of the ship had been sent for 
finom the shore, and the officers and the men, and 
the rest remained to guahi the ship. For some 
reason, the party in the boat were fired on by 
some twenty or thirty men, and simultaneously 
the party on shore were attacked and all taken 
prisoners. Of the parfy in the boat, the master's 
mate, Almy, of Phihulelphia, and W. P. Pierce, 
seaman, were instantly killed. Henry Johnson 
was severely wounded in the face, breast, and 
neck; -^— Brown, wounded in the kidneys; 
John Close, wounded in the thigh. The three ^ 
latter were placed on the Geoige Washington and 
carried to Fortress Monroe ; but Brown, who was 
severely wounded, died in an hour after being 
put on board. Among the prisoners taken were 

Baker, engineer; Paymaster Stockwell ; the 

Surgeon of the ship ; Depford, signal officer, 

detailed fit>m the army ; Thos. Green, coxswain ; 
J. (VMarley and Frank Oousin, seamen ; and sev- 
eval others.— <'2>0Oi 112.) 

— John T. Moiraoa, Mayor of New-Orleans, and 
other municipal officers of that city, were arrested 
by order of Gen. Butler, and sent to Fort. Jackson. 

JToy 20.— Edward Stanly, of North-Carolina, 
received his commission as Military Governor 
of that SUte. He is invested with the du- 
ties and functions of that station, including the 
power to establish all necessary offices and tri- 
bunals, and suspend the writ of hadeoi corpus 
during the pleasure of the President, or until 
the loyal InhahitantB shall organise a State gov 
emment in aoooidaiioe with the Constitution of 
the United States. 



14 



BEBELUOK BECORD, 1862. 



[ICat ai. 



— ^LiEUT.-OoL. DowHET, who was sent to Wai^ 
densville, near Moorfield, Ya., after the guerrillas 
who recently overpowered a party of conyalescent 
soldiers in that neighborhood, reported having 
killed the notorious chief; Umbagh, and three 
men, and that he wounded four. He took twelve 
prisoners. The Nationals lost nothing. 

— A TRAIN of seventeen wagons, laden with 
government stores, which left RoUa, Mo., on Mon- 
day last, was overtaken to-day, when about twen- 
ty miles out on the Springfield road, by a band 
oi rebel guerrillas, who burned the wagons and 
their cpntents, and carried off all the mules, 
eighty-six in number.— Four United States^ gun- 
boats bombarded the rebel works on Cole's Island, 
Stono Inlet, S. C, when the rebels burned their 
barracks and evacuated the Island 

— ^LiBUTENANT-CoLOKEL Wbst took possession 
of Tucson, Arizona, this day, without firing a 
shot The confederate troops stationed in that 
city fled across the Rio Grande on his approach, 
and the citizens of Tucson who were imbued 
with secession proclivities started for Sonora. 
The citizens of the town came out and met the 
troops in great numbers, greeting them with 
cheers, and of their own accord sent out wagons 
and brought in loads of forage for the animals, 
which were worn out by their march from the 
Pimos around by Fort Stanford. — Los Angeles 
ITetos. 

— ^A PABTT belonging to General Fremont's 
command, under CoL Crook, made a successful 
descent upon the Central Railroad at the Jackson 
River d^p6t, Va. 

— ^Thb rebel pickets were driven across Bot- 
tom's Bridge by skirmishers of General Couch's 
division of the army of tlie Potomaa On the 
right General Stoneman's advance reached New- 
Bridge, also on the Chickahominy. 

— General Shxplet, Military Conunandant of 
New-Orleans, informed the citizens of that town, 
that, in the absence of the late Mayor, he, by or- 
der of Major-General B. F. Butler, commanding 
the Department of the Gulf, would dischaige 
the ftinctions which appertained to the ofSce of 
mayor, until such time as the people of New- 
Orleans should elect a loyal citizen of that city, 
and of the United States, as Mayor. 

May 21.->To-day the battle of Philips's Creek, 
Mississippi, was fought by the second division of 
General Halleck's army, commanded by Brig.- 



Gen. Thomas A. Davies. The rebels were rout- 
ed, leaving a good many prisoners, guns, haver- 
sacks, blankets, etc., in the hands of the Union- 
ists.— (jDoc 118.) 

•— Commodore Prentiss, with the United States 
steamer Albatross, penetrated the interior waters 
of South-Carolina as fiv as Georgetown, and up 
the Waccamaw River ten miles above the dty, 
but having an insufficient force, he did not make 
an attack. 

— General Stonbman, in company with Pro£ 
Lowe, made a balloon reconnoissance this morn- 
ing, fi-om Gunes's IGlls, Ya., and reaching an alti- 
tude of five hundred feet, obtained a complete view 
of Richmond with the aid of a glass. Very few 
rebel troops were visible within the limits of the 
city, but at the left of it, on the line of the road 
leading to Bottom's Bridge, a lai^ number were 



— ^At one o'clock, to-day, two mortars opened 
on Fort Pillow, and the fiirlig was kept up at in- 
tervals of five minutes, until six in the evening. 
It was returned three or four times by guns 
from the rebels, either from the fortifications or 
from their mortar-boats, their shells bursting 
wide of the mark, and doing no damage. 

Deserters from Fort Pillow state that one hun- 
dred and eighty dead bodies were removed from 
the rebel rams and gunboats on theirTetum from 
the late naval engagement On the Mexico, 
whose boilers were exploded by a well-directed 
shot from the Benton, every man was either kill- 
ed or so badly scalded as to render recovery 
doubtfuL None of the rebel vessels, accord- 
ing to this story, were entirely sunk, but three 
of them were so badly disabled as to be rendered 
almost useless. The impression at the fort was 
that they had been badly whipped. 

— ^Three regiments, consisting of the First, 
Second and Twentieth Kentucky, under com- 
mand of CoL Sedgewick, made a reconnoissance 
near Corinth, Mississippi, for the purpose of as- 
certaining the position of the enemy. After some 
sharp fighting, which lasted for about two hours, 
in which he had some thirty men wounded, Col. 
Sedgewick, being completely successful, returned 
to camp.— <2>06. 114.) 

— Recruitino offices which had been previous- 
ly closed were redpened by order of the United 
States Gkivemment 

— Brioaoibr-Gbnbral L P. Hatch, command- 
ing the cavalry in Gen. Banks's division, on his 




""^R.lv .-. H.P.'-^'- 



COM. CliARLES BOCXIS, U. S.N. 



Mat M.] DIABY Of BVENTSL, 16 



ff 
d 

o 

a 

1 

8 
1 



Mat 2S«.] 



DIABT or SVENTa 



15 



Teliei.t) with a detachment of one hundred and 
fifty of the Fifth New-Tork cayalry, attacked a 
Itrge body of Ashh/s caTahy near Strashorgh, 
Va., kilied six, captured the same nmnber, and 
^'drore the remainder heforetfaem several miles 
it a full gallop, without the loss of a man." 

^OxKEBAL McGlellav Sent the following de- 
spitdi to the Secretary of War: 

''I have just returned from Bottom's Bridge. 
Ha?e examined the country on the other side, 
and made a reoonnoissaDce on the heels of the 
enemy, who probahly did not like the skirmish 
of yesterday. The bridge will be repaired by 
to^monow, and others builL All the caihps have 
adranoed to-day." 

JToy 22. — ^An enthusiastio meeting was held 
at Portsmonth, Ta., at which resolutions were 
adopted expressiTe of devotion to the cause of the 
Union, and condemnatory of the heresy of seoes- 
sioQ. Johannes Watson was elected President 
and B. S. Staples, Secretary.— {Doe. 101.) 

—This morning while the Seventy-sixth New- 
To^ regiment was marching through the dty of 
Washington a number of civil officers provided 
with jodidal papers, seized two negroes and soon 
placed them beyond the possibility of rescue. 

An eifort was made to arrest six or eight other 
aUeged ftigitive slaves, when many of the sol- 
diers interposed, pointing their muskets at the 
police and warning them of the danger of persist- 
ence. They therefore retired — the negroes de- 
parting under the protection of their militaxy 
friends. 

—The foreign consuls at Galveston, Texas, in 
• riew of an expected attack upon that place by the 
United States forces, communicated with Captain 
Eagle of the Santee, with a purpose of fixing upon 
some point that might be respected in the bom- 
btrdment, as a point of refuge for foreign sub- 
jects; when Captain Eagle replied: 

^ Let me assure you, gentlemen, that no person 
can deplore more than myself the misery that 
wtmld result from the bombardment of the town 
of Galveston, and its fortifications, yet it is a duty 
that win become necessary to enforce its surrender. 
It is not in my power to give you any assurance 
of security during the bombardment, for it is im- 
posable to tell what direction the shot and shell 
win take"— J9bitftM» TOegraph^ May 28. 

— ^XRRAL Prsxtzss's troops, captured at the 
battle of Pittsburgh Landing, Tenn., were paroled 
bj the rebels at Montgomery, Alabama. — IMUe 
Begiit€r, May 27. 



— ^Thxs day company I, of the Sev^teenth Mas- 
sachusetts, left Newbem, N. C, on a sooutmg 
party to sdie a quantity of cotton which the 
rebels were reported to have stored near Pollocks- 
viUe, lor the purpose of burning or ctrrying off 
as opportunity favored theoL The party had 
proceeded but a few miles beyond the Union out- 
posts, when, at the fork of the roads leading to 
Trenton and PoUocksville^ they were suddenly 
met with a brisk discharge of musketry from 
every side. The woods all round suddenly be- 
came brilliant with the flashing of the piMes, and 
the party, deemmg it probable that the rebels 
were too numerous and strongly posted to hazard 
any thing like a determined resistance, withdrew 
after firing a few rounds. The loss of the Na- 
tionals was three killed and eight wounded.— > 
N. Y. Herald, May 80. 

— The Court of Impeachment for the purpose 
of trying West H. Humphreys, late District Judge 
of the United States for tiie second district of 
Tennessee, on charges of treason presented by the 
House of Representatives, was oiganixed in the 
Senate Chamber at Washington, D. C, this day. 

— Six rebd pickets were captured near Battery 
Island, on the Stono River, S. C, by a small recon- 
noitring party from the United States coast- 
survey steamer Bibb. 

May 23. — Colonel Kenly*s command of infan- . 
try and cavalry, in General Banks*s department, 
was driven frt>m Front Royal, with considerable 
loss, by a large body of rebels. — {Doc, 48.) 

— Captain Tilford, stationed with forty men 
on the east side of the Rio Grande, seven miles 
below Fort Craig, N. M., received a summons to 
surrender from a band of two hundred Texans. 
He refused; but after fighting for three hours, 
vFas obliged to retreat to Fort Craig with the loss 
of three wounded. — Denver Herald, 

— ^Portions of the army of the Potomac cross- 
ed the Chickahominy River in two places, at the 
Railroad Bridge and at Bottom's Bridge. 

— ^Thb batUe of Lewisburgh, Ta., wa§ fought 
this day. The rebel Colonel Heath attacked CoL 
Crook with three thousand infimtry and cavalry, 
and six cannon. After a spirited fight of an 
hour, the rebels were put to fiight in utter con- 
fusion, and their flight soon became a rout CoL 
Crook captured four rifled cannon — one so near 
his position that it was loaded with canister— and 
caissonSi and eight rounds of ammunition. 

The rebelsi in the early part of the fight, car- 



16 



REBBLUON RBGOBD, 1862. 



[Mat 24. 



ried off their killed and wounded, but left on the 
field thirty-eight dead, including seyeral offioera, 
and gixty-aiz wounded. A hundred prisoners 
were cq^tured, among them Lieutenant-Colonel 
Finney, Major Edgv, and others. Three hun- 
dred stand of arms were taken. In the evening, 
to secure their retreat, thej bumed Greenbrier 
bridge, beyond which they oould not be pursued. 
Crook^s victory was won only by hard fightii^ 
against greatly superior forces. The Nationals 
lost fourteen killed, sixty wounded, and five pick- 
ets captured. Some of the wounded were shot 
in the streets of Lewisburgh, as they were re- 
turning to the hospital, by the citizens of the 
town.— (2>ac. 44.) 

•^Tbb town of Grand Gul^ Ifiss., was shelled 
by the Union gunboats Richmond and Hartford. 
Considerable damage was done to the town, but 
no person was injured. 

The reason assigned for the shelling was, that 
two United States transports loaded with sol- 
diers were fired into by a masked battery of four 
guns in the vicinity of the town. — Jachwn Mit- 
siMBtppian, June 4. 

May 24. — ^A skirmish took place at Craighead 
Point, near Fort Pillow, Tennessee, between a 
party of Federal pickets and a large body of rebel 
infimtry. After the two parties had exchanged a 
few shots, the Union gunboat Benton opened fire 
upon the rebels and brought on an engagement 
with the batteries at Fort Pillow, which was closed 
by the Benton retiring to her position with the 
Union fleet— ^Twc-F^wl? World. 

— Five companies of the Fourth Michigan 
regiment, under Bowen, of the Topographical 
Engineers, and Lieutenant Cusher, of the Fifth 
cavalry, acting with the Topographical corps, 
crossed the Chickabominy a short distance above 
New-Bridge. At Cold Harbor a smaU command 
of thirty men, of the Fourth Michigan, succeeded 
in getting between four companies of the Fifth' 
Louisania regiment, who were out on picket-duty 
at the bridge, and a brigade of rebels who were 
supporting them. 

In the mean time, the rest of the raiment and 
the squadrons of cavalry approached the bridge, 
thus attracting the attention of the four Louisi- 
ana companies. The first knowledge the rebels 
had of the near presence of an enemy, was the 
firing fitmi ^irty muskets at pistol-shot range, 
making havoc in the ranks and causing a serious 
panic, while the nudn body advanced in front and 
opened a deadly fire. 



The result was, that thirty-seven of the enemy 
were taken prisoners, fifteen wounded, and be- 
tween sixty and seventy left dead on the field. 
Among the prisoners was a lieutenant Lieut 
Bowen had his horse shot under him during the 
skirmish.* — (J)oe, 45.) . 

— A Union meeting was held at Murfirees- 
boTQ, Tenn., at which speeches were made by 
Andrew Johnson and others. — LouuoUle Jour- 
nal,Maf2fL 

— TmsEDAT General Stoneman's brigade and 
the brigade of General Davidson, of Smith's divi- 
sion, advanced from New-Bridge up the Chicka- 
hominy to Ellison's Mills, on Bell's Creek. Here 
they encountered four regiments of the enemy's 
hifantry, with nine pieces of artillery and a com- 
mand of cavalry. Of these, two regiments of in- 
fantry and three pieces of artillery were on the 
opposite side of the creek. The rest of the in- 
fantry, composed of the Eighth and Ninth Geor- 
gia regiments, under General Howell Cobb, were 
posted in a favorable position to remst McClellan's 
advance to Mecbanicsville. 

Fitlar's and Robertson's batteries of the Second 
artillery, were quickly brought into action, and 
after firing some one hundred and fifty rounds 
the rebels withdrew, with their guns — not how- 
ever, until one of them had been dismounted — 
to the village, covered by their infantry and cav- 
alry. Four regiments of General Davidson's bri- 
gade, with Wheeler's battery, were then sent 
around, but night coming on, they went into camp, 
within six hundred yards of the enemy. 

This morning at daylight, the batteries on both 
sides opened, Wheeler confining his guns to shell- 
ing the houses behind which the enemy's in&nt- 
ry were concealed. The fire was too hot for the 
rebels, and they left the village, a portion retiring 
across the Chickabominy, the remunder falling 
back to the raihrdad. The Thirty-third New- 
Tork regiment were the first to enter the village. 
The houses showed unmistakable evidences of 
the accuracy of the artillery, some of them being 
riddled in a doasen places. The rebels carried off 
their killed and wounded, one man ekcepted. The 
Union casualties were two killed and four wound- 
ed. Colonel Mason, of the Seventh Maine, was 
slightly injured by the explosion of a shell 

General Stoneman then sent two squadrons of 

• A dflsp«lch to the War Depftrtment from QwttnX MoOlcDAn 
BMDtionf this Albklr at foUowi: 

"Thre« lUniiUhet tondar. We droTO the nbelt from Me- 
chenlcffvllle, wertn mileo from Mew-Bildgo. TIm VooTth Hlchl- 
about finlahed the LonlaUna Tlgen. V!f|j pritoBeni moA 
klUed ; onr loae ten kUM and wonnded.** 



gana 

any I 



liTM.] 



DIART OF BVENm 



17 



the fi^th DUdois cftTslry under "Major Glenden- 
Dili, three miles further up the riyer, and caused to 
be destroyed the bridge of the Richmond and Fred- 
cricksbmgh Railroad. 

— Tn Britiah steamer Stettin was captured this 
memtng while attempting to run the blockade of 
GhariestoD, S. C-^CharleiUm Mercury^ May 27. 
—A KBCOHHOXTRnro party from Pope's com- 
mand bad a skirmish near Oorinth, Miss., result- 
ing in a complete rout of three rebel regiments, 
vith loss of kni^sacks, blankets, and hayersacks. 
Serenl were killed and wounded, and six prison* 
en were taken. The r^^iments fled in confusion 
across the creek. The national loss was four 
wounded. 

>- A PASTT of National troops from the Fifth 
Vbginia regiment, and Captun Fish's company 
of Connecticut cayalry, under the conunand of 
Lieut-Colonel Latham, surprised a guerrilla band 
on ShefPs Mountain, Randolph County, Ya., and 
pat them to flight, capturing most of their arms 
and equipments, and without any loss on the Na- 
tional sideu — Wheeling InUUigmcer^ May 27. 

— Tn steamer Swan, laden with one thousand 
Ittles of cotton, and eight hundred barrels of 
roetn, was editored off the coast of Cuba by the 
United States brig Bainbridge, and bark Aman- 
da^ and sent to Key West, Florida^ for adjudica- 
tion. — Natumal InteUigene&r, June 8. 

—A BBcoNKOissANCE in force was this day made 
from Genoral Keyes's headquarters, for tiie pur- 
pose of ascertaining the strength of the rebels in 
the nei^boriiood of " the Pines,** some eight and 
a half miles from Richmond, Ya.— (2>0e. 116.) 

May 25. — General Ranks at Winchester, Ya., 
with about four thousand men, was attacked and 
compelled to retreat by Qen. (Stonewall) Jack- 
eon and EweU with fifteen thousand men. — (Does, 
15 and 102.) 

— ^The Goyemment of the United States called 
tat additional troops, and issued the following 
eider: 

Ordered — ^Ry yirtue of the authority yested by 
an act of Ccmgress, the President takes military 
possession of all the railroads in the United States 
fronf aad after this date until further orders, and 
directs that the respectiye railroad companies, 
their otBoers and senrants, shall hold themselyes 
to readiness ibr the transportadon of troops and 
nramtkxis of war, as may be ordered by the mili- 
tary antfaoiities, to the exdusion of all other bu- 

YOU v.— DlABT 2 



— Thb National forces under Gen. McDowell, 
adyanced towards Richmond, and encamped on 
the Massaponaz, six miles from Fredericksbuigh. 

— The news of General Ranks's defeat, and 
the sudden call of the Secretary of War upon the 
State militia, created the utmost excitement at 
the North, not only among the military them- 
selyes, but among the thousands connected with 
them. The greatest enthusiasm and eagerness 
to march at once to any field of sendee named 
by the Goyemment was eyery where apparent 

— Gbeat excitement existed in Raltimore, Md., 
consequent upon the rejoicings of the secessionists 
of that city, at the defeat of General Ranks and 
the repulse of the First Maryland regiment — 
(Dews. 116.) 

— A BECONNOissANCB of the rebel works at 
Yicksburgh, Miss., was this day made by the 
United States gunboat Kennebec, under the com- 
mand of Captain RusselL The Kennebec ap- 
proached within about two miles of the works, 
when a battery of four guns opened on her, kill-* 
ing one man and wounding another. — ITew-T^ri 
Evening Pat, 

— General McClellan issued an order to the 
effect that upon the passage of the Chickahominy 
Riyor, the troops of the army of the Potomac 
were to be " prepared for baUle at a moment's 
notice."— (Dw. 117.) 

May 26.— The Eighth, Eleyenth, Seyeniy-first, 
and Thirty-seyenth raiments New-Tork State 
Ifilitia were ordered by the Goyemor of the State 
of New-Tork to hold themselyes in readiness to 
proceed to Washington. 

— ^The Seyenth re^ment, New-York State Mili- 
tia, left New-York for Washington in response to 
the call for troops to defend the capital. — ^The 
Twenty-fifth regiment, New-York State Militia, 
met at Albany and resolyed to yolunteer their 
senrioes. — ^The Thirty-second raiment of Massa- 
chusetts yolunteers, under the command of Col. 
F. I. Parker, left Roston for Washington this 
eyening. 

— General Ranks's conunand crossed the Po- 
tomac safely at Williamsport, U±—{Doe. 16.) 

— ^This day, by order of Gen. Dix, command- 
ing the Department oi Maryland^ Judge Richard 
Carmichael and James Powell, Prosecuting At- 
torney, of Talbot County, Md., were arrested at 
Easton, in that county, by the United States 
Marshal, upon a charge of treason. Some resist^ 



18 



REBBLLION RECORD, 1862. 



[Mat J7. 



ance was apprehended, and a bodj of military 
proceeded from Baltimore to insure the arrest, 
which was made in the court-room. The accused 
were lodged in Fort McHenry. 

— IvTELLiGENCv was roceived at Washington 
that the United States steamer Shawsheen, with 
one company of the l^th New-Tork regiment, 
on die ninth instant, proceeded up the Chowan 
River, N. 0., to Gates County, and destroyed 
fifty thousand dollars' worth of hacon, com, lard, 
fish, etc., helonging to the confederate govern, 
ment The warehouse containing it was humed, 
and as the party were returning to the boat they 
were fired upon by thirty rebel cavalry, but suc- 
ceeded in driving them oflT, and killing the leader. 

— General D. E. Sickles resumed the com- 
mand of the Excelsior brigade, N. Y. S. volunteers- 
—The Confiscation BQl passed the United States 
House of Representatives. 

— The British steamer Patras was captured, 
twenty-two miles off Charleston bar, by the United 
States gunboat Bienville, Commander MuUaney, 
while attempting to run the blockade. Her car- 
go consisted of gunpowder, rifles, coffee, and a 
large quantity of quinine. She had no papers 
showing her nationality or port of destination. 

— A SKIRMISH took place near Grand Gul^ 
Miss., between a small party of Union troops, 
commanded by Lieut De Kay, which landed firom 
the gunboat Kennebec and a body of rebel caval- 
ry, resulting in the retreat of the Unionists, and 
the loss of their leader, Lieut De Kay, who was 
killed at the first fire. 

— Lieutenant Frank C. Davis, of the Third 
Pennsylvania cavalry, returned to Fair Oak Sta- 
tion, after successfully delivering a message firom 
Gen. McClellan to Captain Rodgers, in command 
of the Union gunboats on the James River. — 
{Doc. 118.) 

May 27.-^The schooner Andromeda, firom Sa- 
bine Pass, was captured off Mariel, Cuba, this 
day. — ^A portion of Gen. Fits-John Porter's corps 
engaged and defeated the rebels at Hanover 
Court-House, on the Pamunkey River. Five 
hundred rebels were made prisoners and a hun- 
dred dead were left on the field. — (Dot. 16.) 

— Stx men of the First Missouri cavalry, under 
command of Lieut Pruette, in advance of a forag- 
ing party on the northern road from Searcy, Ar- 
kansas, were fired upon by about forty rebels, 
concealed in the adjoining bush, mortally wound- 
ing two or three of their number. The foraging 



party coming up, succeeded m'ldUing four of the 
rebels and taking some prisoners. — 8t, Louu De- 
moerat 

— Thb steamer Gordon, (Nassau,) whilst at- 
tempting to run the blockade of Wilmington, 
N. C, was captured by iHe gunboats State of 
Georgia and Victoria. -^ The bombardment of 
Fort Pillow on the Mississippi was resumed after 
nearly a week of quiet on the part of the Union 
tnopa.-^Baltimars AtMrioan^ June 8. 

— A noHT took place near Corinth, Miss., be- 
tween a force of Union troops under the command 
of Col. PuTcell of the Tenth Iowa regiment and 
a brigade of rebel infantry, resulting in the defeat 
of the rebels with considerable loss. 

— The Speaker of the House of Representatives 
at Washington laid before the House a message 
firom the President, referring to the history of the 
commencement of hostilities, and his exercise of 
the broad powers of the Constitution to preserve 
the capital of the country during the absence of 
Congress. Licidentally with this, he referred to 
the arrangements with Gov. Morgan, Alexan- 
der Cummings and others, with a view to speedy 
and efficient protective measures. By these 
means he believed the Government was prevent- 
ed firom overthrow. He had no knowledge that 
even a dollar Was lost or wasted. The President 
quoted the House resolution censuring Mr. Cam- 
eron, and said that not only himseU^ but all the 
heads of departments, wer^responsible with Mr. 
Cameron for whatever error, wrong or fault had 
been committed. — (Doc. 47.) 

-^Im New-Tork City the military excitement^ 
occasioned by the calling out of the State Militia, 
continued, and the greatest bustle prevuled at 
the different armories — recruits applying to be 
admitted as members <^ the regiments^ officers 
despatching the necessary business connected 
with their departure, and orders hourly arriving 
containing the instructions firam headquarters. 

— -Thx schooner Lucy C. Holmes was captured 
by the United States gunboat Santiago de Cuba, 
on the coast of Georgia, having run the blodtade 
of Charleston, S. C, the night prerioua. 

— General McClellan sent the following de- 
spatch to the War Department: 

I find some of the newspapers publish letters 
firom their correspondents with this army, giving 
important information concerning our movemaits, 
poffition- of troops, etc., in positive violation of 
your orders. As it is impossible for me to i 



XiT 2».] 



DIART OF EVENT& 



19 



tain with certainty who these anonymous writers 
in, I beg to suggest that another order be pub- 
lished, holdmg the editors responsible for its in- 
fraction. 

— Tbi Sixty-first regiment of Ohio volunteers, 
left Columbus for Washington. — The Norfolk 
(Va.) Day Booh^ which was allowed to continue 
its issue by Gen. Vide, after the occupation of 
Norfolk, on condition that it should be respectful 
in its tone, was to-day suppressed in consequence 
of a eommunication in yesterday's paper signed 
"finqniiw,'* which in severe language assails 
tfioee Union dtixens who have taken the oath of 
aUcgSance to the United States. A meeting was 
held last nig^t, in which the course of the paper 
was discussed, and a committee having waited 
upon Gen. Yiele and stated th«r request that 
the paper should be stopped, he acquiesced, and 
the order was issued tlus morning. 

— €K>TBiaiOB CuBTDi of Pennsylvania issued a 
genenl order countermanding the order for en- 
listing three months' volunteers, the emergency 
which seemed to require them having passed. 
He congratulated the people on the fiu^ and com- 
mended the alacrity shown in every part of the 
State in volunteering for the defence of the Na- 
tion) capitaL 

— ^Tne gunboats Stepping-Stones and Coeur de 
Lion made a reconnoissance a short distance up 
the Appomattox River. When about a mile up 
the river, they were attacked by a party of rebels 
who were lurking among the houses. The gun- 
boats returned the fire; and, after cannonading 
for about half an hour, completely riddling the 
houses, they returned to City Point, on the James 
River. — BaUivMre American, 

May 28. — ^A public meeting was held in Rich- 
mond, Ta., for the purpose of enrolling the names 
of such of the citizens as chose to form them- 
selves into a Home Guard for the defence of the 
city.— Stringent orders in respect to communica- 
tion with Norfolk, were published by General 
Wool —The Seventy-first regiment, N. Y. S. M., 
left New-York City for Washington.—- The Legis- 
Utore of Virginia appropriated the sum of two 
h6ndred thousand dollars to defray the expense 
of removing the women and children of Rich- 
mond to a place of safety. Mrs. Jeff Davis 
was sent under the care of ex-Senator Gwin to 
Bakigh, N. C. 

— GovBXNOB Andksw, of Massschusetts, issued 
an order relieving the militia who rallied in obe- 



dience to the proclamation of Monday, and they 
returned to their homes, except such as volun- 
teered for three years or the war. The men gen- 
erally expected to serve three or six months, not 
knowing that an act of Congress required the 
service for an indefinite period. — At Newborn, 
N. C, the evening schools established by Dr. 
Vincent Colyer for the education of colored per- 
sons were closed by order of Governor Stanly. — 
K F. Tribune, June 4. 

— The United States mail steamer Northern 
Light, under the command of Captain Tinkle- 
paugh, in lai 81^ Ion. 78° 86', captured the rebel 
schooner, Agnes H. Ward, of Wilmington, N. C. 
She was found sailing under the rebel flag and 
papers, and bound for Nassau, N. P., with a 
caigo of cotton, turpentine, and tobacco. The 
mail steamer took her in tow and carried her into 
New-York. 

— ^Thb Charleston and Savannah Railroad at 
Pocotaligo, S. C, was destroyed by the National 
troops under the command of Col. Christ 

— PiERRB SouLE was arrcstcd at New-Orleans, 
La., by order of Gen. Butler.— i\7I 0. Picayune^ 
May 29. 

— General Sheplet, Military Commandant at 
New-Orleans, ordered that prayers should " not 
be offered up for the destruction of the Union or . 
Constitution of the United States or for the suc- 
cess of the rebel armies.** 

— Lieutenant-Colonel Sickles, in command 
of four companies of the Ninth niinois cavalry, 
had a skirmish with a party of rebels near Cache 
River bridge, Arkansas, totally defeating them. 
Captain Blakemore, with three companies of the 
same regiment, pursued a party of rebels, mor- 
tally wounding one and taking one prisoner. 
Captain Buel with his company, pursued another 
party, but they succeeded in making their escape. 
— Jaeheonport, Arh, Ca/oalieVy June 9. 

— ^Three strong columns advanced and recon- 
noitred within gunshot of the rebel works at Co- 
rinth. They were commanded respectively by 
Generals Thomas, Buell, and Pope. The rebels 
hotly contested the ground at each point, but 
were driven back with considerable loss. The 
column on the left encountered 'the strongest op- 
position. The National loss was twenty-five killed 
and wounded. The enemy left thirty dead on tho 
field. Some five or six officers and a number of 
privates were captured. — ffaUecVi Deepateh, 

May 29. — ^Lieutenant-Colonel Downey, ef the 



20 



REBELLION RECORD, 1862. 



(lUTsa 



Third raiment, Potomac home brigade, in a 
skinnish this morning, drove a large party of 
Ashby's rebel cavalry through Wardensyille, kill- 
ing two and wounding three. 

— ^The English steamer Elizabeth was captured 
off Charleston, S. 0., by the United States gun- 
boat Keystone State. — ^The public debt of the 
United States on this day was four hundred and 
ninety-one million, four hundred and forty-five 
thousand, nine hundred and eighty-four dollars, 
at an average interest of 4.86 per cent — Captain 
Frisbee, commanding a detachment of three hun- 
dred and seventy-eight infantry and First Mis- 
souri cavalry, captured near Neosho, Mo., two 
colonels and one lieutenant-colonel, two jay- 
hawkers, and numbers of guns, revolvers, fifteen 
horses, and a trun of forage. — Dtibuqus Timet, 
Junes. 

— This morning at nine o'clock, the Yankee 
cavahry followed by infantry, entered Ashland, Va. 
The confederate troops, quartermasters, and com- 
missaries, and even the pickets had withdrawn, 
leaving valuable stores behind, including cars 
filled with flour, eta The village was swarming 
with the people of the neighborhood, and negroes 
who were helping themselves to the public stores. 
Mr. Crichter, of Westmoreland, and Mr. Grimes, 
of King George, assumed authoritjy to order about 
forty negroes to push the cars about one hundred 
and fifty yards to the point of descent, whence 
they would run three miles toward Richmond ; 
but after removing eleven cars to the point, the 
Yankee cavalry dashed into the village, and 
Messrs. Crichter and Grimes escaped unpursued. 
-^Richmond Whiffy June 2. 

— ^Bbigadiek-General Schofdeli), commanding 
the Missouri State Militia, issued a general order, 
stating that all guerrillas and marauders in that 
State, when caught in arms, engaged in their un- 
lawful warfiure, would be shot down on the spot, 
and that all citizens who should give shelter and 
protection to those outlaws, or who would not 
give all the assistance in their power to the mili- 
tary authorities in detecting and bringing them 
to punishment, would be regarded and treated as 
aiders and abettors of tiie criminals. 

— ^A 8KIBMI8H occurred at Pocotaligo, S. C, be- 
tween a party of Union troops, under command 
of Colonel B. C. Christ, of the Fifteenth Pennsyl- 
vania volunteers and a party of the rebels, num- 
bering about eight hundred. After a contest of 
two hours the rebels were routed with severe 
1o88.-Mi^ 128.) 



— Nbab the "Seven Pines," Va., the rebels 
made an attack upon the pickets of Casey*s di- 
vision about sunrise this morning. They ap- 
proached under cover of a dense fog, to within 
fifty yards of the pickets of the Eighty-fifth Penn- 
sylvania and Ninety-sixth New-York regiments, 
when a sharp fight occurred. The pickets were 
driven back a short distance, when they were 
reenforced, and drove the rebels, regaining their 
former position. Migor Kelly, of the Ninety- 
sixth New-York was shot through the neck, and 
bled to death. Orderly-Sergeant David H. Lan- 
caster, company C, Eighty-fifth Pennsylvania 
regiment, had his left arm shattered at elbow, 
and private William Leighty, was shot throogh 
left thumb. 

— CoLOKEL 0. 0. DoDOB with twooompaoies 
of the New-York Mounted Rifles, while on an ex- 
pedition into North-Carolina, captured seven offi- 
cers of the rebel army, at Gatesville, in that State. 
-^I>oe. 124.) 

— ^Thb publication of the New-Orleans Bee was 
resumed this day, the proprietors having made a 
satisfactory explanation to General Butler. 

— ^Thb Sixth United States cavalry burned a 
bridge five hundred feet long over South Anna 
Creek, a tributary of the Pamunkey. The Bridge 
was on the line of Stonewall Jackson^s retreat to 
Richmond. — ^The Eighth and Thirty-seventh regi- 
ments, N.Y.S.M., left New-York City for Wash- 
ington. — General Pope^s heavy batteries opened 
upon the rebel works at Corinth, Miss, at ten ▲ jc., 
this day. 

May 80.— The army of the South-West, under 
Major-Gen. Halleck, occupied Corinth, Miss., it 
having been evacuated by the rebels last night — 
{Doee. 60 and 96.) # 

— ^This morning the rebels opened fire firom one 
of their pieces, situated on a hill at the left of the 
road that approaches Mechanicsville, Va., finom 
Chickahominy Bridge, directing it toward the 
Fifth Vermont regiment, which had been sent out 
to do picket-duty. The regiment advanced into 
an open field, thereby exposing themselves to the 
rebels, but retired into the woods before any cas- 
ualties had occurred, after a few rounds of shell 
had been dropped among them. 

— JuDGB Jambs H. Bibch, candidate for Gov- 
ernor of Missouri, was arrested at Rolla, in that 
State, by order of CoL Boyd, "for uttering dis- 
loyal sentiments, while making a speech, which 
was evidently designed to procure secession 
votes." 



Jtmil.] 



DURT OF EVENTS. 



21 



— Tbb English iron steamer Cambria arriyed at 
PfaDadelphia, Pa., baring been captured by the 
United States gnnboat Huron, after a chase of 
fiTe hours, off Charleston, S. C. She hails from 
diUsle, and sailed from Liverpool for Nassau, 
and thence for Charleston. Her cargo consisted 
of liquors, doths, medicines, Enfield rifles, salt- 
petre, etc 

-^Thb Thirteenth and Forty-seventh regiments, 
of Brooklyn, and the Sixty-ninth regiment, of 
Kew-Tork City, left for the seat of war. 

— Ths rebel forces, under Gen. Jackson, made 
an attempt to dislodge the National forces at Har- 
pei^s Ferry, but were repulsed. — (JDoc 52.) 

— A BBioADB of National troops, preceded by 
four companies of the Rhode Island cavalry, en- 
tered fVont Boyal, Va^, this morning, and drove 
ml tiie rebels, consisting of the Eighth Louisiana, 
fiior companies of the Twelfth Georgia, and a 
body of cavalry. They were taken completely by 
surprise, and had no time either to save or to de- 
stroy any thing. A large amount of transporta- 
tion fell into the hands of the Nationals, including 
two engines and eleven cars of the Manassas Gap 
Railroad, and they captured six officers and one 
bondred and fifty privates, besides killing and 
wounding a lai^e number of rebels. The Union 
loss was eight killed, five wounded, and one miss- 
ing. Several of the Union men who were taken 
prisoners at Front Koyal a week ago were recap- 
tured 

—THnmEX members of the Eleventh Pennsyl- 
vania volunteer cavalry were captured near Zuni, 
Ta., this day. — Petenburgh Expren^ June 2. 

May 81. — ^A body of Illinois militia, numbering 
between two and three hundred, under command 
of Capt John M. Richardson, were attacked by a 
force of five hundred Indians and white seces- 
sbnista, under Capt Coffee and Major Thomas 
Wright, at Neosho, Mo., and were compelled to 
&D back to Mount Vernon, where they were re- 
cnforoed by a detachment of the Tenth Illinois 
ciTahy. There was no general engagement, and 
the Federal loss was but two killed and three 
wounded. The rebels cultured a number of guns 
tnd overcoats, together with a quantity of amnyu- 
nition, camp equipage, and about fifty horses. 
They did not h<4d the town, but retreated to their 
camp, eighteen miles from Neosha 

— Thb schooner Cora was captured this day 
off the bar of Charieston, S. C, by the United 
States steamer Keystone Stata— A force of Union 



troops, under command of Gen. Williams, arrived 
at Baton Rouge, La., in the gunboat Kennebec 

— ^A SHARP fight took place on the Greenville 
road, eight miles above Washington, N. C, be- 
tween a Union scouting party of fifteen men, of 
Mix's Third New-York cavaliy, under Lieutenant 
Allis, and a superior force of rebel cavahy, result- 
ing in the defeat of the rebels, with a loss of three 
men killed, six wounded, and two taken prisoners 
unhurt None of the Union party were kiUed, 
and but one was wounded. 

— ^Majob-Gen. Butler, commanding Depart- 
ment of the Gul^ issued an order directing and 
authorizing the Provost-Marshal of New-Orles^ns, 
La., to execute six rebel prisoners, convicted of 
having violated their parole. 

— Part of General Banks^s command advanced 
beyond Martinsburgh, Ya. — A reoonnoissance in 
force was made at Wmton, N. C, by the National 
troops, under Gen. Yiele. 

— At noon to-day the main body of the rebel 
army near Richmond, Va., under General Joseph 
Johnston, attacked the left wing of the Union army 
at Fair Oaks and the Seven Pines, and a desperate 
battle ensued, which lasted till night At night 
the rebels occupied the camps of the Fourth 
corps, but their advance was completely broken. 

June 1. — At eight o'clock this morning the 
battle betwein the Union and rebel forces at Fair 
Oaks, Ya., was resumed, and the rebels were de- 
feated and compelled to fidl back upon Richmond. 
^(Doet. 17 and 92.) 

— General Fremont's advance brigade, under 
Colonel Cluseret, occupied Strasburgh without 
resistance. A midnight reoonnoissance three 
miles beyond Strasburgh came upon a rope bar- 
ricade and ambush of Jackson's rear-guard, and 
retired successfully with the loss of only three 
wounded. CoL Figyelmesy, of Gen. Fremont's 
staf^ with only fifteen men, brilliantly charged 
and put to flight a body of cavahy commanded 
by Ashby in person. 

—The expedition sent out by General Pope on 
the twenty-eighth of June, under Colonel Elliott, 
with the Second Ohio cavalry, returned to Co- 
rinth, Mississippi, this day. By forced marches 
they reached the Mobile and Ohio Railroad, and 
although the rebels were guarding it with a force 
of five thousand in&ntry running up and down 
to prevent him reaching it, succeeded in destroy- 
ing the track in many places, blowing up one 
culvert, burning the depdt, locomotives, and a 



22 



REBKLLION RECORD, 1862. 



TJunS 



train of twenty-six cars loaded with supplies, de- 
stroying ten thousand stand of small arms, three 
pieces of artillery, and capturing two thousand 
prisoners, whom he released on parole, as he had 
not thne to march them with his cavalry.— (2>oef. 
49 and 76.) 

— ^Thb fortifications at Pig Point, Va., were de- 
stroyed to-day, together with the rebel barracks 
in the vicinity. — ^An order was issued from the 
War Department extending the Department of 
Virginia to include that part of Virginia south of 
the Rappahannock and east of the railroad from 
Fredericksbm^h to Richmond, Petersburgh, and 
W^don, under command of Major*Gen. McGlellan. 
Major-Gen. Wool was assigned to the command 
of the Middle Department, and Major-Gen. Dix 
to Fortress Monroe to assume command at that 
point, reporting to Gen. McGlellan for orders. 

— ^Yesterday the Union forces under command 
of Brig. -Gen. Wright succeeded in crossing from 
Edisto Island to Seabrook*s Point, S. C, and to- 
day they had a skirmish with the rebel pickets 
in the vicinity, which resulted in the retreat of 
the rebel& — Official Report 

June 2. — Jacksonport, Arkansas, was visited by 
a rebel gunboat, commanded by Capt Fry. After 
throwing a few shot and shell on the camp-ground 
just vacated by the Ninth Illinois cavalry, she 
dropped alongside the wharf-boat and destroyed 
all the cotton and molasses to be found. — Jach- 
tonport Cavalier Extra, June 7. 

— ^An enthusiastic Union meeting was held at 
Columbia, Tennessee, at which speeches were de- 
livered by Niell Brown and Andrew Johnson, 
with great applause. — ^The First regiment of Fire 
Zouaves, N.Y.S.V., were mustered out of service 
at Govemor^s Island. — General John A. Dix as- 
sumed command of Fortress Monroe, Norfolk, 
Portsmouth, and Suffolk, Va. — General Banks re- 
crossed the Potomac and occupied Bunker Hill, 
Virginia. 

— Mass meetings were held at Memphis, Tenn., 
yesterday and to-day. Addresses were made by 
Jeff Thompson and others. Resolutions were 
adopted never to surrender voluntarily. Though 
Memphis had already seventy-two companies in 
the field, every man capable of bearing arms was 
called upon to repair forthwith to Fort Pillow. 
A committee was appointed to collect men, money, 
and arms. — Memphii ArguSy June 2. 

—Two boats belonging to the United States 
^Mffk Kingfisher, of the blockading squadron off 



Saint Marks, Florida, were captured as they were 
proceeding up the Ocilla River for water, by a 
party of rebels on shore. Two of the boats' crew 
were killed, two wounded, and the rest made 
prisoners. — New-Bedfind Mercury^ June 28. 

— ^Pabkxr Spring, superintending the con- 
struction of United States Military telegraph 
lines, gave an account, in a letter to the Lancas- 
ter (Pa.) ExpreUy of the services of the Morse 
telegraph to the army, and of General McClel- 
lan's use of it — {Doc, 129.) 

— A PARTT of National scouts captured the 
mate and six seamen belonging to the rebel gun- 
boat Beauregard, at a point nearly opposite Ful- 
ton, Missouri. 

— ^Edward L. Piercb, Special Agent of the 
Treasury Department of the United States, made 
a report concerning the condition of the freedmen 
of South-Carolina. — The Union forces mider 
Major-Gen. Hunter, operating against Charleston, 
S. C, this day landed on James Island, under 
cover of the gunboats, without opposition. 

— ^To-DAT the Union fleet of gunboats (eight 
vessels) moved up the James River from their 
former position at City Point, toward the rebel 
batteries below Richmond, Va. When some dis- 
tance up, they got aground ; the rebels appeared 
on a bluff on the opposite shore and fired into the 
fleet, which returned the fire and the rebels dis- 
persed. At flood-tide the fleet backed off and 
dropped down the stream. 

— ^A SLIGHT skirmish took place near Washing- 
ton, N. C, between a small scouting party, com- 
posed of a sergeant and six men of Mix's New- 
York cavahry, and a force of rebel in&ntry, result- 
ing in the capture by the rebels of three of the 
Union party. — Gen. Sigel was placed in command 
at Harper's Ferry, Va. 

— ^A noHT took place on- the road between 
Strasbuigh and Staunton, Va., between a portion 
of the Union army under Gen. Fremont and the 
rebels under Gen. Jackson, resulting in the de- 
feat of the latter. The rebels in the retreat 
burned the bridge after they had crossed the 
Shenandoah River at Mount Jackson. — {Doc 53.) 

June 8. — ^Migor-General Robert W. Lee was 
assigned to the command of the rebel anny in 
firont of Richmond, in consequence of a slight 
wound to General Johnston, and, upon assuming 
his important position, issued an address to the 
army, which was read at the head of the regi- 
ments. Its sentiments created the liveliest en- 




-M^ 03'A-H-m^^''- 



Maj.-Gen. E.A.HITCHCOCK. 



23 

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JmS.] 



BUBT OF BVEMTS. 



23 



thoaasm. Ae address informed them, in aTery 
few wofds, that the army had made iti la$t re- 
treat, and that henceforth erecy man's watch- 
word must be, " Victory or death !" The response 
was cheers from all the regiments.-— Pdt^rsMir^A 
Etpnti, June 5. 

—The Twoity-fifih regiment of New-York vol- 
unteen, under the command of GoL Bryan, left 
Albany for the seat of war.— Gen. Hooker made 
a reconnoissance in force on the Williamsburgh, 
Ya., turnpike, reaching a point within four miles 
of Richmond. The rebels were not numerous ; 
their pickets were risible, but they fled on the 
approach of the National troops. 

—A LBimwas published in the Richmond 
i>«ipatfA, said to have been found in Gen. Casey's 
tent at the batUe of Fair Oaks. It details a pUn 
for the occupation of the Southern States "alter 
the war."— {i>ac 130.) 

— Thx sentence of death pronounced on six 
persons at New-Orleans, La., for haying riolated 
their parole, was this day commuted by General 
Butler, irtio confined them at hard labor on 
Ship Island, daring the pleasure of the President 
of the United States. 

June 4. — ^ICi^or-General Halleck reported to the 
Secretary of War that General Pope, with forty 
thoosand men, was thirty miles south of Florence, 
Alabama, pushing the enemy hard ; that he had 
tod thousand prisoners and deserters firom the 
enemy, and fifteen thoosand stand of arms cap- 
tured. Also that nine locomotives and a number 
of cars were ci^tured. — (JDoe. 131.) 

— ^FoRT Pillow, otherwise called Fort Wright, 
on the Mississippt River, was evacuated by the 
rebds. After the occupation of the Fort, the 
Uaton gunboat fleet steamed directly to Mem- 
phis.— (i>0e. 64.) 

— Jsrr Davis threatened retaUation in the case 
of Major W. Van Benthuysen, who had been ar- 
rested by Gen. Butler, at New-Orleans, *' for aid- 
ing the escape of a scoundrel and spy.** 

— ^Brio. -General J. T. Botle, headquarters in 
Louisville^ assumed command of the National 
troops in Kentucky this morning. 

—A nfiBT oeo nr red near Jasper, Tenn., be- 
tween a body of Union troops under the com- 
mand of Gen. Negley, and a large force of rebel 
cavafay under Gea Adams, which resulted in a 
complete rout of the rebels, with great loss. — 
(/>0a65.) 



— Scmoar hundred of Gen. Prentiss's troops, 
who were taken prisoners at the battle of Pitts- 
burgh Landing, amved at NashviUe, Tenn., they 
having been paroled by the rebel authorities, " in 
consequence of their being unable to feed them." 
—I^aihMle Uhum, June 5. 

June 5. — ^The Twenty-fourth regiment of Mas- 
sachusetts, while on a sooutuig expedition on the 
Pactolos road, nesr Washington, N. G., were at- 
tacked from an ambush by a rebel regiment, and 
had seven men killed and several wounded. — 
{Doe. 69.) 

— ^Thb Twelfth regiment New-York State mili- 
tia, under the command of CoL William S. Ward, 
left New-Tork for Washington, D. C— -The vol- 
unteer recruiting service in the United States, dis- 
continued by C[eneral Orders No. 88, of April 
third, 1862, was restored, and orders to that effect 
were published by General Thomas. 

— The rebel artillery opened upon the National 
forces at New-Bridge, on the Chickahominy River, 
Ya., from five different points, attempting to pre- 
vent G^eneral McGlellan*s troops from rebuilding 
the bridge ; their fire was returned, and after an 
engagement of over two hours, the rebels were 
compelled to retire. 

— ^A HEAVT storm, which had lasted two whole 
days, raised the Chickahominy River, Ya., to an 
unprecedented height — President Lincoln com- 
plimented First Lieut D. C. Constable, command- 
ing the revenue steamer £. A. Stevens, by hand- 
ing him personally a commission as captain in the 
revenue cutter service, in recognition of his gal- 
lantry in leading with his steamer the attacking 
forces in their ascent of the James River and bom- 
bardment of Fort Darling. — Second Lieutenant J. 
Wall Wilson was also promoted to a first lieuten- 
ancy for gallant bearing during the same action. 

— ^Nathaniel S. Berrt was inaugurated Gov- 
ernor of New-Hampshire, at Concord, in the pres- 
ence of both branches of the Legislature and a 
large concourse of citizens. In his message, al- 
luding to National affairs, the Governor says 
there can be but one result to the struggle in 
which we are engaged — submission to the first 
principles of the government inaugurated and es- 
tablished by our fiithers. The base rebellious 
spirit which designed to reverse the free and hu- 
mane poli<7 of our fathers, must fiuL The fear- 
ftil lesson we have had in the conflict with slavery, 
its disasters to all its promoters, its evident weak- 
ness in its death-struggle with freedom, all por- 



24 



BEBELUOK BEOOBD, 1862. 



[Jim 8. 



tend a change in the estimation in which this 
great evil will be hereafter held, and foretell in 
legible characters, written in view of all the na- 
tions, that its days are numbered. For these 
reasons the Qoyemor rejoices in the late message 
of President Lincoln^ and in the abolishing of 
slavery in the District of Oolumbia, and its pro- 
hibition in the territories. But he affirms the 
principle that each State submitting to the pro- 
visions of the Constitution should control its own 
local institutions; but such submission should 
be regarded as a pre-requisite to the employment 
of the benefits of that instrument 

— JuooB BiBCB, who was arrested at Rolla, 
Ma, for expressing disloyal sentiments, was re- 
leased from arrest and paroled, with the under- 
standing that he was to report himself whenever 
required. — James JVabue, one of the principal 
dry-goods merchants of Louisville, Ky., was ar- 
rested to-day by the military authorities at that 
place. He refused to take the oath of allegiance. 
— Two companies of the Pennsylvania " Round- 
head" regiment, on James Island, S. C, were 
cut off by the rebels, but after a sharp fight were 
rescued by the Eighth Michigan regiment — 
The United States gunboat fleet and mortar fleet 
arrived before Memphis, Tenn., at nine p.m. 

JwM 6. — At five o'clock a.il, the United States 
fleet in the Mississippi river, near Memphis, en- 
gaged the rebel fleet of eight rams and gunboats, 
and after a two hours' fight, seven of the rebel 
craft were either captured or destroyed. On the 
conclusion of the battle, the Mayor of Memphis 
surrendered the city.— (i><w. 60.) 

— Gbn. Fremont's army reached Harrisonburgh, 
Va., at two o'clock this afternoon, and drove out 
the rebel rear-guard fit>m the town. At four 
o'clock the First New-Jersey cavalry, after driving 
the enemy through the village, fell into an ambus- 
cade, and Colonel Windham, its commander, was 
captured. The regiment sustained considerable 
loss. General Bayard subsequently engaged the 
rebels with his brigade, drove them from his po- 
sition, capturing their camp. They then con- 
tinued their retreat— {2>ac 63.) 

— The tax bill was passed by the Senate of the 
United States, by a vote of thirty-seven to one, 
Mr. Powell, of Kentucky, voting in the negative. 

JwM 7. — An enthusiastic Union meeting was 
held at Shelbyville, Tenn., at which speeches 
were made by Andrew Johnson, W. H. Wisner 
and CoL May.-^n the Ghickahominy River the 



rebels opened fire on the pickets of dUn. Sumner, 
but without any eiEMst— The rebel steam-tug 
Mark R Ghesk, was captured near Memphis, 
Tenn. 

—The Paris CimitlnJbtMmyM\ of this day, pub- 
lished an article to show *' the impossibility of 
the South being conquered," and maintaining that 
foreign "mediation alone will succeed in putting 
an end to a war disastarous to the interests of 
humanity." 

— ^William Mvmford, a citizen of New-Orleans, 
was hung in that city for an overt act of trea- 
son in pulling down the American flag from the 
United States Mint~-(i><M;. 65.) 

— Ik the Missouri Convention a bill for the 
gradual emancipation of slaves was submitted and 
defeated by a vote of fifty-two to nineteen. 

— ^Memphis, Tenn., was formally taken posses- 
sion of in the name of the Government of the 
United States, by Col. G. N. Fitch, commanding 
Indiana brigade. — ^The schooner Rowena, former- 
ly the Garibaldi, ran into Stono Inlet, S. C., this 
evening, not knowing it to be in the possession 
of the National forces, and was captured by the 
gunboat Pawnee. — Ojffleial Beport. 

— ^The rebel batteries at Chattanooga, East- 
Tennessee, were silenced by the artillery of Gen- 
eral Ncgley's command after a bombardment of 
three hours. — (Doc 64.) 

June 8. — ^This day a scouting party under 
Lieut Bonse, company A, Tenth Virginia r^- 
ment, captured, in Braxton County, Va., Ben. 
Haymond, Ed. Riffle and Stan. Conrad, three of 
the most notorious bushwhackers in Western 
Virginia. Haymond and Riffle had been cutting 
telegraph wires, robbing Union men, stealing 
horses, eic^Cineinnati Qautte^ June 11. 

— ^An extension of the following military de- 
partments of the United States was made : 

1. The Department of the Mississippi is ex- 
tended so as to include the whole of the States 
of Tennessee and Kentucky. All officers on duty 
in those States will report to Major-Gen. Halleck. 

2. The Mountain Department is extended east- 
ward to the road running from Williamsport to 
Martinsburgh, Winchester, Strasburgh, Harrison- 
burgh, and Staunton, including that place— thence 
in the same direction southward until it reaches 
the Blue Ridge chain of mountains ; thence with 
the line of the Blue Ridge to the southern boun- 
dary of the State of Virginia, 

8. The Department of the Shenandoah is ex- 



Jca9.] 



DIART OF S7SMTS. 



26 



teodsd eastwaM to include the Piedmont District 
and tiw Bail Mountain range. 

— Qesebal Pbdc, commanding the Spanish 
forces recently sent to Mexico, together with his 
suite, Tisited the army of the Potomac ta<lay. 

— Gejiesal Fremont attacked (Stonewall) Jack- 
fion scTen n^es heyond Harrisonburgh, Va., near 
Umon Church or Cross Keyft, at half-past eight 
this morning, and drove him from a strong posi- 
tion with considerable loss. — (Doe, 18.) 

—The obsequies of General Turner Ashby of 
the rebel cavalry, were celebrated at Charlottes- 
Tille, Va. " The services were performed by the 
Bev. Mr. Norton and Rev. Mr. Avery — the latter 
had been chaplin in the cavalry from the opening 
of the war. Both spoke of the deceased in terms 
of high praise as a man, a soldier, and a Christ- 
ian. The brave soldiers wept as they listened to 
the picas exhortations of the clergymen. They 
had lost a host in Gen. Ashby, but they were ex- 
pected to imitate him Ih all things, and especially 
in his veneration and respect for Christianity. 
The country looked to them for deeds ^f greater 
Talorthan had ever yet been accomplished by 
them ; and there, on the dead body of their late 
commander, they should swear not to sheathe 
their swords when a hostile army polluted the 
soil of Virginia and the South. After the servi- 
ces in the chapel the remains of General Ashby 
were conveyed to the University cemetery and 
committed 'earth to earth, ashes to ashes, and 
dost to dust,' Colonel T. G. Randolph and the 
Professors of the University assisting in the cere- 
mony. They grave was covered by the cavalry, 
and they fired several volleys over it, and there 
he will remain in this classic ground until the 
last trump shall summon all to the general judg- 
ment" — Lynchburgh Eeptiblieanf June 12. 

— Judge Swayne, of Memphis, Tenn., refused 
to open the Criminal Court in that city, after re- 
ceTing an order from Col. G. N. Fitch, command- 
ing United States forces, instructing him to con- 
fine himself to the hearing and adjudication of 
such cases only as are not based upon the recog- 
nition of the right of a State to secede from the 
Union, or upon the presumption of the establish- 
ment or existence of a so-called Southern Con- 
federacy, or recognizing the same. 

-—A SMALL force of Union tspop% commanded 
by Capt W. Geary, Third Pennsylvania cavahy, 
vhDe on a reoonnoissanoe in the vicinity of New- 
Maiket^ Ya., captured a rebel spy named HancoL 



He was the medium by whidi letters were car- 
ried to and fro, giving the rebels much informa- 
tion concerning the movements of the Union army. 
When captured he had a maQ made up, ready to 
carry into Richmond, 

— ^A RBCoNNoissANCfl was this day miyle, under 
cover of eight Union gunboats, by a body, of Na- 
tional troops, commanded by Colonel Morrow, 
on James IsUind, S. C. The Union forces drove 
the rebels a distance of two miles, and were at 
one time within three miles of the city of Charles- 
ton, and in full view of Fort Sumter. The ob- 
ject of the reconnoissance was accomplished, and 
the troops fell back to their former position, losing 
two killed and seven wounded. 

June 9. — General (Stonewall) Jackson in re- 
treat before the army under General Fremont fell 
upon an advance body of the force under General 
Shields, near Port Republic, Va. After a hard 
fight this advance body fell back upon the main 
body under General Shields, and Jackson con- 
tinued his retreat — {Doc. 19.) 

— The Senate of the United States resolved it- 
self into a High Court of Impeachment, for the 
trial of Judge Humphreys, of Tennessee, for trea- 
son, and the members of the House of Represen- 
tatives were introduced in due form; but it was 
finally concluded to postpone the proceedings un- 
til the twenty-sixth. — The House bill prohibiting 
slavery in the territories was passed.---Secretary 
VTelles addressed an elaborate communication to 
the Naval Conmiittee of Congress on the con 
struction of armored ship& 

— General Halleck at Corinth, Miss., sent 
the following despatch to the War Department: 
*' The enemy has fidlen back fifty mOes firom here 
by railroad, and near seventy miles by wagon 
road. General Pope estimates the rebel loss 
fit>m casualties, prisoners, and desertion, at over 
twenty thousand, and General Buell at between 
twenty thousand and thirty thousand. 

"A person who was employed in the confederate 
commissary department, says they had one hun- 
dred and twenty thousand men in Corinth, and 
that now they cannot muster much over eighty 
thousandr Some of the fiiesh graves on the road 
have been opened and found filled with arms. 
Many of the prisoners beg not to be exchanged, 
saying they purposely allowed themselves to be 
taken. Beaureguard himself retreated firom Bald- 
win on Saturday afternoon to Okolona, Miss." 

— BAiOAOiEii-GENERAL D. B. BxBNBT, having 



BEBELUOK BSOOBD, 1862. 



[JunlS. 



been tried hj oouri-martial, and honorably ac- 
qnitted of the charges brought against him, this 
day re&ssumed command of his brigade by order 
of General Kearny,' commmanding division. 

— ^Thb House of Bepresentatiyes of the United 
States called for information respecting the oigani- 
zation by General Hunter, of the Department of 
South-Carolina, of a regiment of black volunteers 
for the defence of the Union.— <2>0& 182.) 

— ^Ah interesting oonrespondenoe between Judge 
Rosty Captain Huse, and R. M. T. Hunter, rebel 
agents in Europe, was this day published. 

June 10. — ^The Seward-Lyons Treaty for the 
suppression of the African slave-trade was offi- 
cially promulgated. It is to remun in full force 
for the term of ten year& Instructions for the 
ships of the United States and British navies, and 
regulations for the mixed courts of justice, ac- 
company the publication. 

— ^The obsequies of Colonel J. Lafayette Riker, 
of the Sixty-second regiment of New-Tork volun- 
teers and of Colonel James Miller, of the Eighty- 
first Pennsylvania re^ment, took place in the 
city of New-York. — The schooner Julia was 
captured at Barataria, La., by master's mate 
John H. Gregory, with a crew of twelve men 
from the United States gunboat Kittatinny. 

— A noHT took place on James Island, S. C, 
between a body of Union troops, and a large force 
of rebels. It was hotly contested for more than 
two hours, and ended in the rout of the rebels, 
with a loss to them of seventeen killed, thirty 
wounded, and six prisoners. The Unionists lost 
three kiUed and thirteen wounded. — Official Be- 
port, 

— ^Thb Union army under • General Fremont 
reached Port Republic, Ya. — ^The rebels in front 
of the Union lines at Savage's station, Chidca- 
hominy Swamp, Ya., kept up a bombardment, 
without effect, their shells fidling short of the 
mark. 

Juns 11. — This day about noon, near Mont- 
gomery, Owen County, Kentucky, a severe skir- 
mish took place between a large party of bush* 
wackers and the Union forces under Captain 
Nicklin, consisting of a portion of the Thirteenth 
Indiana light artillery, and a squad of Captain 
Blood^s Provost-Guard, (mounted.) In the skir- 
mish a sergeant of the cavalry, and a private of 
artillery, were killed. The loss on the part of the 
'ishwhackers was not ascertained ; but twenty- 
1 of them were captured and carried to Louis- 



ville. The point at which the skirmish occurred 
was in a thick dump of brush and bushes, throv^h 
which the cavalry could not force their horses. 
After the fight was over, an examination of the 
ground showed that the bushwackers were badly 
cut up. The ground was in many places covered 
with blood, and tracks were visible of bodies 
drawn ofL — LouiniUe Democrat, 

— A FLAG of truce was received at Batesville, 
Arkansas, the headquarters of General Curtis, 
bearing a letter from General Hindman of the 
rebel army, threatening to hang every Federal 
officer and soldier who might fall into his hands, 
in case General Curtis should hang certain per- 
sons in his hands as outlaws. General Curtis 
replied immediately, disclaiming any intention of 
hanging. — Specie payment was resumed by the 
New-Orleans Bank of America. — K 0. True 
Delta, June 11. 

— A REBEL battery of four guns was this day 
captured at James Island, S. C, by two regiments 
of Union troops. — ^The schooner Princeton was 
captured ^ the United States steamer Susque- 
hanna. 

June 12.-:-A fight took pUce at Waddell Farm, 
near Yillage Creek, Arkansas, between a body of 
National troops under the command of Colonel 
Albert E. Brackett of the Ninth Illinois cavalry, 
and a party of rebels known as ** Hooker's com- 
pany," in which the latter were defeated with a 
loss of twenty-eight killed, wounded and prison- 
ers. Col. Brackett's loss was one taken prisoner 
and twelve wounded.— (i>oc. 60.) 

— ^A DETACHMEirr of the Richmond Blues had a 
skirmish near the Chidcahominy on the right 
wing of the rebel army, with a body of Yankee 
infimtry. The fire of the Blues killed six of the 
Federals and placed several hare du combat, when 
they retreated. — Eiehmcnd Examiner, June 14^ 

— GmnsRAL Fbexoot left Harrisonbuigh, Ya. 
The dtiaens expressed their delight by an illumi- 
nation of evecy house in the town. 

— ^A SMALL expedition of United States forces 
under Captain Hynes, Topographical Engineers, 
went up the Nansemond River without resist- 
ance. — {Doc 71.) 

— ^MovTiT Jackson, Ya., was occupied by the 
Union army under General Fremont — ^A daring 
though mnsuceessfkil attack was made on a bat- 
teiy on James Island, S. C, by the Seventy«ninth 
New-York, Kighth Michigan, and Twenty-eighth 
MassachasettB regiments. 



JvnlC] 



BUST OF EVSNT& 



97 



— About forty fitfiaers of Conway Goontj, Ar- 
iuDsu^ Game into the Union lines at Batesrille, 
to Tobmteer for the TJmwL—Mmouri Demoerat. 

Jum 18. — ^Thifl day a force of about three hun- 
dred rebel troops left Fort Chapman, and pro- 
ceeded to Hutdiinaoa Island, S. C, where they 
killed and wounded a number of negroes, and 
buned a chapel and dwelling-house. On the ap> 
proich of the boats of the United Stotes ship 
Dtle, Ijing in Si Helena Sound, the rebels re- 
tmted. About serenty negroes were taken on 
boird the Dale, indading several of the wound- 
ed-K^Mx 69.) 

•CoLom. Jaxbs R. Slack, commanding at 
tfemphia, Tenn., issued the following order: 

** Hereafter tiie dealing in and passage of cur- 
rency known as 'confederate scrip* or * confed- 
erate notes* is podtiyely prohibited, and the use 
thereof as a drculating medium regarded as an 
insult to the Govemment of the United States, 
end an imposition upon the ignorant and deluded. 

**A]1 persons offending against the provisions 
of this order will be promptly arreste^ and se- 
verdy punished by the military authorities.*' 

~Thx Bank of Louisiana, at New-Orleans, 
beiog ordered by the Provost-Judge to pay a dti- 
no in current funds his deposit formerly received 
bj them in confederate notes, the Bank ^>pealed 
to General Butler, who sustaioed the decision of 
tbe Judge. — Congress passed a joint resolution of 
thanks to Lieut Morris and the other officers and 
men of the United States frigate Cumberland. 

— ^Thb pickets of Gen. McClellan*s army near 
Richmond wero driven in from Old Church, and 
lai)^ bodies of the rebels were discovered moving 
from the neighborhood of Mechanicsville bridge 
tad Bicfamood towards the battle^eld of Fair 
Oaks.— <i>0& 67.) 

—At daylight this mormng the rebels opened 
a sharp fire of artillery in front of Qen. Sumner's 
poiition, in the vicinity of Bichnumd, which oon- 
tinoed three hours, killing one and wounding an* 
other of the National troops. 

— Thb United States flag was this day raised 
in tiie village of Gretna, La., amid the rejoicings 
of a large number of spectators. After Uie cere- 
mony a series of patriotio resolutions were unani- 
mously passed. 

— Tbi rebel trsnsport Clara Dolsen was cap- 
tared on the White iUver, Arkansas, by the tug 
Spitfire.— <2^ 70.) 

—A tiBBT took place on James Island, S. C, 



between a body of Umon troops and a much su- 
perior force of the rebels, resulting in the retreat 
of the rebels with a loss of nineteen killed and 
six wounded. The Union party lost three killed 
and nineteen wounded. — Official BeparU 

Juns 14.— Capt Craven, of the United States 
steam sloop Brooklyn, sent a marine guard ahd 
party of seamen, numbering in all about one hun- 
dred men, under command of Lieut Lowry, to 
Bayou Sara, Louisiana, for the purpose of destroy- 
ing the telegraph apparatus and cutting the wires. 
After an absence of two hours, Lieut Lowiy re- 
turned to the ship, having accomplished his work. 
(Doc. 183.) 

— General James H. Yan Albk, Military Gov- 
ernor of Yorktown, Ya., issued an order directing 
that all negroes in his department, ** contraband or 
otherwise, should be under the immediate charge 
and control of the Provost-Marshal — ^that they be 
allowed full liberiy,** etc. 

— Captain Atkison, of company C, of the Fif- 
tieth Indiana volunteers, with twenty men, cap- 
tured six thousand two hundred pounds of pow- 
der at Sycamoro Mills, thirty miles below Nash- 
ville, Tenn., and five miles north of the Cumber- 
land River. The company also stopped at Fort 
ZoUicoffer, and brought off a gun. 

June 15.— The rebel General J. E. B. Stuart, 
with a cavalry force, left the rebel lines near 
Richmond, Ya., on the thirteenth, and rode 
through the lines of the right wing of the Union 
army in front of Richmond to Garlick*s Landing, 
Pamunkey River, whero he burned two schoon* 
ers. Thence to Tunstall's station, whero he fired 
into, but failed to capture, a railroad train; 
thence rode around the left wing of the Union 
army, and into Richmond again to-day.— 
(Doe. 67.) 

— Lieutenant Coiimandino Howell, in the 
Union gunboat Tahoroa, accompanied by Lieut 
Commanding English, in the Somerset, crossed 
the bar of Saint Mark's River, Florida, and drove 
out a company of robel artillery, with four or 
five field-fMooes, firom a ibrt near the lighthouse 
on that river, afterwards landing and burning the 
fort with the buildings used as barracks. — Of- 
fidal BeporU 

June 16.— The Richmond Dispatch of this date 
says : ** Desertion has become far too frequent in 
the oonfederate army. And yet the habit is not 
peculiar to oonfoderate soldiers. Thero must be 
desertHma from all military senrice whero there 



28 



REBKLUOK SBOOBD» 1862. 



[Jun 17. 



is no punishment for desertion. We mean no 
punishment adequate to the offence — none which 
a coward or yagahond had not rather encounter, 
than endure the service or the perils of a battle. 
Death is the proper punishment, and it is the 
punishment prescribed in our laws— the punish- 
ment meted to the deserter hj governments gen- 
erally. We anticipate that our own government 
will be forced to resort to it With a creditable 
humanity and forbearance, the policy of appeal- 
ing to the pride of the soldier by advertisement, 
by disgraces, has been pursued by our com- 
manders ; but there is little pride and no honor 
in the deserter, and .the fear of disgrace will not 
deter him from absconding. The penalty of 
death will An example or two would have a 
fine effect" 

— ^Thb battle of Seoessionville, James Islandf 
S. 0., was fought this day, resulting in the defeat 
of the National forces.— (2>0c. 72.) 

— ^Attornbt-Gbneral Batbs officially commu- 
nicated to the Secretary of War his opinion con- 
cerning the relations of Governors of States to 
volunteers in the National service. — (See Supple- 
ment.) 

— At Memphis, Tenn., a laige body of rebel 
officers and soldiers, together with citizens of the 
city, took the oath of allegiance to the United 
States. — Memphie Avalanche^ June 17. 

— ^This day, while a few soldiers were hunting 
for deserters in the vicinity of Gulpeper, Ya., 
they suddenly came upon a rebel mail-carrier 
who was endeavoring to conceal himself in the 
woods. He was immediately arrested, after a 
slight resistance, and taken to headquarters at 
Manassas. A large number of letters to promi- 
nent officers in the rebel service, many of which 
contained valuable information, were found in the 
mail-bag, also ten thousand dollars in confederate 
bonds. The carrier's name was Granville W. Kel- 
ly. — Baltimore American^ June 18. 

— Surgeon Hates, One Hundred and Tenth 
regiment Pennsylvania volunteers, having been 
ordered to conduct to Washington a large de- 
tachment of sick and wounded men, and having 
shamefully neglected them after their arrival, the 
President directed that for this gross deipliction 
of duty he be dismissed the service, and he was 
accordingly dismissed. — General Order, 

— ^This afternoon the rebels in front of the Na- 
tional pickets near Fair Oaks, Va., attempted to 
'vik a portion of the Union forces during a vio- 



lent thunder-storm, but were soon repulse4 with 
some loss. Lieut Palmer, Aid to Gen. Sickles, 
while giving orders to the commandant of the 
regiment attacked by the rebels, fell pierced with 
three balls. 

— ^FouB of the five men, who^ while personat- 
ing Union soldiers, entered and pillaged a house 
in New-Orieans, La., of a large sum of money 
and other valuables, were this day hanged in 
that city. The fifth man was reprieved. 

June 17. — ^Major-General J. G. Hindman, of 
the rebel army, issued a proclamation to the in- 
habitants of the Trans-Mississippi District, Ar- 
kansas, calling upon all those who were not sub- 
ject to conscription, to organize themselves into 
independent companies of mounted troops or 
infantry, as they might prefer, arming and equip- 
ping themselves, and to serve in that part of the 
district in which they might belong. — {Doe, 184.) 

— ^The rebel batteries at Oity Point, on the 
James River, below Fort Darling, Ya., opened 
fire on the Union fleet of gunboats, but the boats 
returned it so briskly with shell and shrapnel, 
that the batteries were silenced, and the rebels 
retired. 

— General Wallace assumed command of 
the city of Memphis, Tenn. His first official act 
was to take possession of the office of the news- 
paper Argue, T. Knox and A. D. Richardson 
were appointed to supervise all editorials which 
appeared in the newspapers. 

•—Threats having been made to tear down the 
Union flags flying over the houses of some of the 
citizens of Memphis, Tenn., the Provost-Marshal 
of that city issued an order instructing the guard 
to shoot down any one attempting to haul down 
the flag, or offering any insult or molestation to 
resident citizens who had thus manifested their 
devotion to the Union. 

— The United States gunboats St Louis, Lex- 
ington, Conestoga and Mound City, on an expe- 
dition up White River, Arkansas, opened fire on 
a rebel battery at St Charles, while the Forty- 
third and Forty -sixth Indiana regiments made a 
land attack, which resulted in the capture of the 
battery. During the fire a ball entered the 
steam-drum of the Mound City, and it ex- 
ploded.— {i>(V. 75.) 

—This afternoon the stage firam Fort Scott 
was stopped eight miles fitHn Kansas City, Mo^ 
by six men armed with double-barreled shot^ 
guns, supposed to belong to Quantrell*s band of 



Jon 10.] 



DIART OF EVENTa 



29 



gaerriHiB, ttid the passengers robbed of seven 
hundred doUsrs in money, three gold watches, 
four rerolTers and sereral overcoats. One pas- 
senger saved two thousand dollars, which he had 
sewed in the linings of his coat, and the express- 
ageof a tronk, containing over ten thousand dol- 
lars, was thrown aside as of no value. 

June 18. — The fort over Eastern Branch, near 
YTashington, D. C, in the vicinity of the hamlet 
•*Good Hope," hitherto known as "Fort Good 
Hope^" was named " Fort Wagner," in honor of 
Lieut Wagner, of the Topographical Engineers, 
who died of wounds received near Torktown, on 
the seventeenth of April last 

—Col. Avebill returned to the headquarters of 
General McClellan, on the Chickahominj, from a 
scout to the Mattapon J, in search of a band of 
guerrillas. They were found to have left the pre- 
Tious day. He destroyed the bridge, took a num- 
ber of wagons and carts loaded with supplies for 
Richmond, destroyed a large amount of rebel 
grain, and captured several important prisoners. 

—A ucoNS oissANGB wss this day made by the 
Sixteenth Massachusetts, under Col. P. T. Wy- 
man, for the purpose of ascertaining the exact 
character of the ground in front of the picket-line 
at Fair Oaks, YtL--{D(Hi. 135.) 

—A BAHD of rebels were attacked by Major 
Zeley and a party of Union troops, near Smith- 
^ille, Ark. Captain Jones, their leader, and four- 
teen of his men were captured. The rebels had 
A>ur men wounded. Union loss, two killed and 
four wounded. — ^A skirmish occurred at Talla- 
hatchie, Fla. 

— As expedition composed of four companies 
of Union troops, under CoL Kimball, sent from 
New-Orieans to Manchac, La., for the purpose of 
dispersing a lai^ number of rebels encamped in 
that place, this day returned to New-Orleans, 
after having successfully performed the object of 
lis mission. On the approach of the Union force, 
the rebels decamped, leaving their r^imental col- 
ors, guns, camp equipage, eta, behind them. The 
guns were spiked, the colors taken away, and the 
bridge »t Manchac Pass burned 

— Gnr. MoBOAH marched at one ^.il to attack 
the rebds at Cumberland Gap» but on his arrival 
there Ibond that they had abandoned that posi- 
tion a lew boon before. — (J}oc 186.) 

— Ths bin emancipating the slaves of rebels 
passed the United States House of Representa- 
tires, by a vote of eighty-two i^jainst fifty-four. 



June 19. — ^A skirmish took place between the 
Twentieth Indiana regiment, in General Kearny's 
division of the army of the Potopaac, and a body 
of rebel troops, which lasted for more than an 
hour. The Union troops held their position with 
slight loss, having had only three men wounded. 
In the afternoon, Oen. Kearny complimented the 
regiment for its bravery and disdpline. 

— The confederate schooner Louisa, laden with 
cotton, two flatboats, laden with rice, and a steam 
tug-boat, were captured about twelve miles up 
the Santee River, by a boat's crew of the United 
States steamer Albatross, blockading off the 
North-Santee River, S. C. 

June 20. — ^A force from Gen. Sherman's com- 
mand occupied Holly Springs to-day, and'destroy- 
ed several pieces of trestle-work on the Mississippi 
Central ^Railroad. The machinery for repairing 
and manu&cturing arms was removed from Holly 
Springs to Atlanta, Ga., previous to the evacua- 
tion of the place by the rebels. 

— The Paris Conetitutionnel^ of this date, ex- 
pressed the opinion that mediation was but a ques- 
tion of time. The cause had gained More than 
one hundred provincial journals in France had 
given in their adhesion to it The idea had gained 
ground in England. Such an expression of pub- 
lic opinion in two great countries could not re- 
main without effect, but mediation could not be 
proposed with the certainty of rejection. It was 
for the government to seize upon a favorable op- 
portunity. 

—A DELEGATION from the religious society of 
Progressive Friends appeared before the Presi- 
dent, at Washington, for the purpose of present- 
ing a memorial praying him to decree the eman- 
cipation of the slaves. 

— The United States gunboat Jacob Bell, com- 
manded by Lieut £. P. McCrea, proceeded up the 
James River, Ya., with despatches for the com- 
mander of the Monitor. She succeeded in her 
mission, but was considerably damaged by the 
rebel batteries on shore. — (Doe, 187.) 

— ^Lmrr.-CoL. William B. Cassillt, Sixty-ninth 
Ohio volunteers, assumed command of the mili- 
tary district of Franklin, Williamson County, 
Tena 

^Thb brig Yankee Blade arrived in New-York 
from New-Orieans, kden with sugar, molasses, 
and cotton— the first arrival sinoe the remission 
of the blockade. 



80 



REBEUJON BEOOBD, 1862. 



[ Jun SS 



June 21.— At New-Orleans, La., a large and 
enthusiastic Union meeting was held at Union 
Hall, in the Fourth district The meeting was 
called to order by D. S. Dewees, Esq., who nomi- 
nated Edwin White, Esq., as Chairman of the 
meeting. The following-named gentlemen were 
appointed Vice-Presidents : Robert Watson, 0. 
Auch, W. A. BUls, and Wm. McDuff L. ML 
Day, Esq., was appointed Secretary. Able and 
eloquent addresses were made by the President, 
Judge Hiestand, and D. S. Dewees, Esq. The 
meeting was characterized by great unanimity of 
feeling, and the addresses of the several gentle- 
men were received with universal demonstrations 
of appreciation. In the evening a festival took 
pUce at the Planter's Hotel, the patriotic hostess 
of which is Madame De Bare. A grand Union ball 
was given, which was numerously attended. 

— ^A SERIES of skirmishes took place between a 
force of Union troops, under the command of 
CoL Sill, and a considerable body of rebel infiui- 
try and artillery, at the mouth of Battie Creek, 
Tennessee.— {/><W5. 188.) 

— Colonel Charles Ellett, commander of the 
ram squadron of the United States, on the Mis- 
sissippi River, died at Cwro, 111., while on his 
way to New-Albany, Ind. — The Seventh, Twen- 
ty-second, Thirty-seventh, and Forty-seventh regi- 
ments Ncw-Tork State militia were mustered into 
the service of the United States Government for 
three months. 

— A FIGHT took place near Fair Oaks, Ya., be- 
tween the pickets of the Union army, supported 
by a redoubt, and a large attacking force of rebels, 
in which the rebels were repulsed with great loss 
in killed and wounded. The Unionists lost two 
killed and seven wounded. 

— General Bctler, commanding Department 
of the GuH issued the following order at New- 
Orleans : 

" Any vessel attempting to leave this port and 
take away any person of color who did not come 
here on board of her, and has not a pass from 
these headquarters, will be liable to oonflscation, 
and her master punished by imprisonment 

** No vessel shall so leave the port until the mas- 
ter shall toke an oath that he has not any such 
person on board, and will not allow any such to 
come on board." 

— ^Tbb rebels kept up a continuous shower of 
shells along the lines of the Union army before 
Richmond. They opened upon Gen. Hookej's 



advance^ but .did no damage. Gen. Hooker re- 
plied from his batteries, by throwing heavy shells 
among their artillerymen, which caused them to 
retire. 

— ^A BBComroissANCB was made by Captain 
Keenan, with two Oompanies of the Pennsylvania 
cavidry, to the James River, Ya. He successful- 
ly passed the rebel pickets and communicated 
with the Unitn gunboat Galena. 

— ^An engagement took place at Simon*s Bluff, 
Wadmelaw Sound, S. C, between the United 
States gunboats Crusader and Planter, and a 
body of rebels stationed at that place. — {Doc, 
189.) 

cTiiiM 23. — ^Yesterday thirty Sisters of Charity 
arrived at Fortress Monroe, and to-day left for 
White-House Point, Ya., for the purpose of nun- 
istering to the sick and wounded soldiers of the 
army of the Potomac 

— A detachment of the Sixth Illinois cavalry 
made a descent on a squadron of rebel cavalry 
guarding a train near Cddwater station, on the 
Mississippi and Tennessee Raihoad, and captured 
twenty-five prisoners and about twenty thousand 
pounds of bacon which was on the train. They 
then destroyed the bridges on the road, render- 
ing it impassable. 

A PARTT of the Eighth Yermont regiment, 
stationed at Algiers, near New-Orleans, La., took 
an engine and a car and went out a short dis- 
tance on the Opelousas Railroad on a reconnois- 
sance. .They had proceeded but a few miles 
when they were fired upon by a party of guerril- 
las, and had three men killed and eight wounded. 

•ruiM28.— The London TimeB, of this date, said 
that whatever might be the result of the civil war 
in America, it was plain that it had reached a point 
at which it was a scandal to humanity. It had 
become a war of extermination. Utter destruc- 
tion might be possible, or even imminent, but 
submission was as fitf off as ever. Persons who 
listened to the excited railers on either side might 
think that there was no alternative but to let a 
flood of blood pass over the land ; but, at that 
calm distance, it might perhaps be wisely calcu- 
lated that such voices did not represent the mind 
of the American people. Both parties ought by 
this time to be tired of the strife. There had 
been blood enough shed, fortunes enough made, 
losses enough suffered, and wrongs enough in- 
flicted and endured. The opportunity ought to 
be either present or at hand when some potent 




oyl «-^ -v-^^ 



Bkk; (;kn. S. W. CFL'\\VPH)HD. 



W i f ¥ Y Of l evM ym 



81 



Krer, nifli » Tievr of ooeap jing a new position. 
The adfiaoe wu resisted with ^-eat detennina- 
tionbjttMrebds. Thej fooght for servn hours, 



great quantities of cotton and anestiag ail per- 
sons found purchasing that staple. — Mmphit 
Avalanche^ June 27. 




^ \ 



Ann 26.] 



DURY OP KVKNT& 



81 



American T<uoe^ pnidentiy CftUing, ^ Peace,'* 
migfat awaken an oniTeraal echo. 

— M41KTIAL law was proclaimed in the cities of 
Norfolk and Portsmouth, Ya., by order of Brig.- 
Genend K L. Vide, Military Governor. 

—Brigadier - Gsneral ScHornsLD, Military 
Commandant District of Missouri, this day is- 
sued a General Order from his headquarters, 
St Louis, warning the rebels anc^ rebel sympa- 
thizers in Missouri that he would hold them re- 
sponsible in their property and persons for any 
damages that might thereafter be committed by 
the Uwless bands of armed men which they had 
brought into existence, subsisted, encouraged, 
and sustained up to that time. 

— Thb Third battalion, Fifth Pennsylyania 
ca?ilrj, CoL Campbell, stationed at Gloucester 
Point, made a reconnoissance under the command 
of Ifajor Wilson, into the counties of Gloucester 
and }£athewa, Va., for the purpose of capturing 
a body of rebel cavahy, who were overrunning 
those counties, arresting deserters, and impress- 
ing others into their service who were unwilling 
to Tolunteer. 

On arriving at Mathews*s Court-House, Major 
W2son (bund he was a^y too late. The rebel 
(xnhy had been there, and arrested twenty-four 
men as bong deserters from their army. 

Junt 24. — Earl Tan Dom, rebel General, at 
Jackson, Miss., issued an order assuming the 
command over the " Department of Louisiana,*' 
and recommending ** that aU persons living with- 
in eight miles of the Mississippi River remove 
thdr families and servants to the interior, as it was 
the intention to defend the Department to the 
last extremity." 

— PRBSonBRT Lincoln visited West-Point, New- 
York.— Captwn Jocknick of the Third New-York 
cavalry, made a successful reconnoissance from 
Washington, N. 0., to Tranter's Creek.^2>06. 
140.) 

— Majo]|-G>hbr AL J. d HnnMAH, of the rebel 
army issued a proclamation to the people of Ar- 
kansas, calling upon them to assist him in pre- 
Teoting General Curtis from Joining the Union 
fleet on ttieMississippL 

June 25.— The division of the army of the Po- 
tomac under command of General Hooker, this 
day advanced in the vidnity of the Chickahomijiy 
Rirer, with a view of occupying a new position. 
The advance was resisted with ^-eat determina- 
tion by^ rebds. They Ibnght Ibr seven hours, 



when they retreated with great loss, leaving the 
Unionists in the position desired. The loss of the 
Union army was about two hundred in killed and 
wounded. This battle was the first of a series of 
conflicts, lasting over seven days, and resulting in 
the retreat of the Army of the Potomac, under 
the command of Major-General Mcdellan, to the 
James River, under the protecticm of the fleet of 
Union gunboats. — (Does, 77 and 78.) 

— ^Testerdat the United States steamer Monti- 
cello, Lieut Commanding D. L. Braine, picked up 
at sea, in an open boat, eight contrabands fitnn Lit- 
tle River Inlet, South-Carolina, from whom infor- 
mation was obtained that two schooners were 
preparing to run the blockade, laden with cotton 
and turpentine, and that the cargo was already 
in the warehouse, near the whar^ ready for ship- 
ment This evKiing Captain Glisson ordered an 
expedition to be fitted out, to consist of an armed 
boat firom each vessel, and ordered Lieutenant 
Braine, of the Monticello, to proceed to the Inlet 
with the boats and send the expedition ia 

The duty was ably performed by Lieutenants 
Braine and Bimce, with the officers and men un- 
4er them, the reports of whom show that the 
town was entirely deserted. The schooners were 
found at the whar( and were not considered 
worth the trouble of bringing away. They found 
at the wharf and in warehouses two hundred bar-' 
rels of turpentine, sixty bales of cotton, and fifty* 
three barrels rosin, the whole of which was de- 
stroyed by fire. — Copt, Olisian's Eeport 

— General Butler ordered, that " all the 
property in New-Orleans belonging to General D. 
E. Twiggs; and of his nunor son, the income of 
which he has received, and under the charge of 
his agent, H. W. Palfrey, Esq., consisting of real 
estate, Ixmds, notes of hand, treasury notes of 
the United States, slaves, household furniture, 
etc, is hereby sequestered, to be Wd to await 
the action of the United States Government*' 

— The Union ram fleet arrived off Yicksbuxgh, 
Ifias., yesterday, and to-day oommunicated with 
Commodore Farragut, commanding fleet of gun- 



— A LARGE body of rebel cavahry under Jadc- 
son, this day visited a number of plantations in 
the vicinity of Memphis, Tenn., on the line of 
the Memphis and Charleston Baihroad, burning 
great quantities of cotton and arresting all per- 
sons fbund purchadng that staple. — Mmphit 
Avalanehe^ June 27. 



82 



BEBSLLIOy BBCXttD, 1862. 



[JU1RS7. 



— A Union force, under the oommand of Qen. 
Williams, consisting of four regiments of infan- 
try and nearly two batteries of artillery, left 
Baton Bouge, La., on the twentieth, and arrived 
at Vicksburgh, Miss., this day.--(2><wj. 142.) 

— A TRAIN of cars on the Memphis and Ohio 
Railroad, laden with a company of Union troops, 
eighty mule-teams with proTender, eta, was this 
day captured by a laige force of rebel caraliy, in 
the vicinity of Oermantown, Tennessee. The 
rebels destroyed the locomotive, burned the cars, 
and killed ten men. 

•TttfM 26.— West H. Humphreys, convicted of 
having acted as a Judge under the rebel govern- 
ment, was impeached by the Senate of the United 
States, and sentenced to be removed from his 
office, and to be forever disqualified from holding 
any office of profit or honor under the govern- 
ment of the United States. 

— Thi Union mortar-fleet on the Mississippi, 
under the command of Commodore Porter, com- 
menced to shell the rebel batteries before Vicks- 
burgh. The bombardment lasted for three hours 
without any result 

— The National forces under Majors-Genend 
Fremont, Banks, and McDowell were consolidated 
into one army, called the army of Yii^ginia, and 
Major-General Pope was assigned by the Presi- 
dent to the chief command. The forces! under 
General Fremont constituted the First army 
corps, to be commanded by General Fremont 
The forces under General Banks constituted the 
Second army corps, to be commanded by him. 
The forces under Gen. McDowell constituted the 
Third army corps, to be commanded by him. 

— ^Lieutenant-Colonel Alfred W. Ellbt, com- 
manding Union ram-flotilla on the Mississippi, 
went up the Yazoo River with two rams, for the 
piirpose of capturing three rebel gunboats. On 
his approach the re'bels set fire to their boats and 
started them down on him, compelUng him to 
leave the river to escape the destruction of his 
vessels. The rebel vessels were entirely consum- 
ed.— 2;imt«.-(X92(mdZ EUsU Bepi^rt. 

— Nine vessels of the gunboat fleet, under 
command of Captun Bodgers, entered the Appo- 
mattox River, Ya., and when about six miles 
fix)m its mouth, were attacked by the rebels. 
The squadron opened fire in return, and after 
shelling him for an hour, the enemy retired. The 
object of the expedition was to discover the con- 
dition of the river, and was entirely successful 



It was ascertained that the rebels had blocked it 
up^ about seven miles fnm its mouth, with sunk- 
en vessels laden with stone, etc. — ITmthEa/ten 
Palladium, 

— The rebel schooner Zaide, while attempting 
to run the blockade, was run ashore in the mouth 
of Cape Fear River, by the blockading fleet off 
Wilmington, N. C, and burned. 

— The battle of MechanicsviUe, Va., was fought 
this day. It commenced at noon and lasted un- 
til dark. The Unionists opened with artillery at 
long-range, but the rebels finding themselves 
weak in this arm, came into close conflict The 
fight increased in fury as it progressed, and it 
finally became one of the most terrific combats 
of the war. After losing more than a thousand 
men, the rebels retreated. — {Doc 78.) 

June 27.— The work of cutting off Vicksburgh 
from the Mississippi River, by means of a canal, 
was this day commenced, under the supervision 
of General Williams of the Union army. — {Doe* 
142.) 

— ^To-DAT the bombardment of Vicksburgh, by 
the Union fieet, was renewed. 

— ^The London RenUi^^f this day in an article 
on the aspect of afl&irs in America, declared the 
Union ** a nuisance among nations." 

— ^A SKIRMISH took place at Williams^s bridge, 
on the Amite River, La., between a small force of 
Union troops under the command of Lieutenant- 
Colonel Keith, Twenty-first Indiana volunteers, 
and a body of rebels, resulting in the utter rout 
of the latter. On returning to Baton Rouge, on 
the same day, and when within a mile or two of 
that place, Colonel Keith encountered another 
band of rebels, and afl»r a sharp fight defeated 
them.— ^2>otf. 88.) 

— ^Major-General John C. Fremont having re- 
quested to be relieved fix)m the command of the 
First army corps of the Army of Vii^nia, be- 
cause, as he says, the position assigned him by the 
appointment of Mi^or^Gen. P<^e as Commander- 
in-Chief of the Army of Virginia is subordinate 
and inferior to those heretofore held by him, and 
to remain in the subordinate command now as- 
signed would, as ho says, largely reduce his rank 
and consideration in the service. It is ordered 
that Major-General John C. Fremont be relieved 
from command. Second, That Brigadier-General 
Rufus King be 4nd he is hereby assigned to the 
command of the First army corps of the Army 



JunS9.] 



MART OP EVENTS. 



33 



of ViigiiuA, in place of General Fremont^ relieTed. 
^Sceretarff StanUnCB Order. 

—Tbm British steamer Modem Greece, laden 
with irms and other manitions of war, ran 
agjouod three quarters of a mile east of Fort 
Fisher, K. G. The blockading fleet fired oil her 
vith a Tiew of destroying her, but the fort open- 
ed fire on them, when they retired — Mobile 
Btenuig Newi^ June 80. 

—A SMALL skirmish occurred at Swift Creek 
bridge, N. C., between a body of Union troops 
and marine artillery under the command of GoL 
Howard, and a force of the rebels, which result- 
ed in the complete rout of the latter. 

— G. F. Sheplet, Military Commandant of New- 
Orleans, by order and approval of Gen. Butler, sus- 
pended the municipal govemment of that city, un- 
til such time as there should be a sufficient number 
of the citizens of New-Grleans loyal to their coun- 
try and their Constitution to entitle them to re- 
sume the right of self-goremment In the mean 
time he appointed two bodies to perform the duties 
of Aldermen and Assistant- Aldermen ; the one to 
be known as the ** Bureau of Finances,'* and the 
other the ** Bureau of Streets and Landings," while 
he, the Military Commandant, would act in the 
capacity of Mayor. 

— Thk battie of Gaines's Mills, Va., one of the 
^* seven days' contests," was fought this day. — 
White-House, Ya., was evacuated by the Union 
forces under General McClellan. — {Boo. 78.) 

— A SEVEBE fight took place near Village 
Creek, Arkansas, between two battalions of the 
Ninth Illinois cavalry, commanded by Colonel 
Albert G. Brackett, and a considerable body of 
rebel troops. The rebels had chosen a position 
of great strength, and Colonel Brackett, although 
rqieatedly making the attempt, found it impossi- 
ble to dislodge them. He fought them unti] 
dark, when he withdrew his men, having two 
bUed and thirty-one wounded^Dod. 141.) 

June 28. — ^A small party of Union troops un- 
der the command of Lieutenant Glenn, was this 
day attacked by a body of Indians near Rocky 
Ridge, Utah. Two white men and one Indian 
vere killed. — ^The rebel General Hindman burned 
the railroad bridge at Madison, Arkansas, fear- 
ing that General Curtis would pass that way to 
the MisatssippL 

—Fm clergymen, who refused to take the 
oath of allegiance to the Government of the 
United States, were this day imprisoned in Nash- 

Vou v.— Dl^t 3 



ville, Tenn., by order of Andrew Johnson, Gov- 
ernor of the State. 

— The battle of the Chickahominy, Va., took 
place this day. — (Doe. 78.) 

— Flao-Offickb D. G. Farraout reported to the 
Secretary of the Navy that the Union fleet passed 
up above Yicksburgh, silencing the shore bat- 
teries while passing, and that he had communi- 
cated with Gen. Halleck and Commodore Davis. 
-^Official Despatch.— {Doc. 148.) 

June 29. — The British steamer Ann was cut 
out from under the guns of Fort Morgan, at the 
mouth of Mobile Bay, by the United States 
steamer Kanawha. She ran in during the night, 
passed the blockading fleet, and as it was very 
dark, she could not be seen by the vessels. 

Lights had been kept burning on the fort ah 
night, so that she had no trouble in finding the 
channel This morning she was discovered by 
the Susquehanna, within a half-mile of the fort, 
unloading her cargo into a rebel steamer along- 
side. The Susquehanna^ accompanied by the Ka- 
nawha, then got under weigh, and steamed within 
gunshot and opened fire, which was returned by 
the fort^ and kept up for an hour on both sides. 
In the mean time the crew deserted the steamer. 
She was soon discovered to be adrift, and drop- 
ped down with the current about a mile, when 
the Kanawha was ordered to go in and bring her 
out^ which she did under a heavy fire frt)m the 
fori;. 

— ^Thb batties of Peach Orchard and Savage's 
Station, Va., were fought this ^j.—ifloc. 78 
a/nd Supplement) 

— A FioBT took place at Henderson, Ky., be- 
tween a company of the Louisville Provost-Guard, 
supported by a detachment of Captain Andrew's 
Michigan battery, and a force of rebel guerrillas, 
which resulted in the complete rout of the latter. 

^ — MooBBFiELD, Va., was this day captured by 
a body of Ashby's cavalry, eighty-six in number, 
under the command of Colonel Harris. A lax^ 
company of the Maryland Home Guard occupied 
the place at the time, but they made no defence, 
having been informed that the rebel force was 
four thousand strong. They were taken prison- 
ers, and were released next day. 

— General Halleck, at Corinth, Miss., issued 
an order authorizing the protection of the mail 
service in his department — The bombardment of 
Vicksburgh was continued to-day. The firing 
commenced at noon, and, with the exception of 



84 



REBELLION BEGORD, 1862. 



[Jutr 1. 



an intermission of an hour, did not cease until 
about twelve o'clock at night 

JwM 80. — 0. C. Fulton, one of the proprietors 
and editors of the Baltimore AmeriMn^ was com* 
mitted to Fort McHenrj by order of the Secretary 
of War. 

— ^LoBD Brougham made a speech in the House 
of Lords concerning the civil war in the United 
States. His lordship was informed that horri- 
ble cruelties and crimes were committed on both 
sides; he deprecated these barbarities, but he 
threw no imputation on the character of the 
American people, for it was incident to and in- 
separable from civil war that horrible crimes 
should occur. He thought that neither England 
nor France should interfere. But all must have 
felt equally anxious that the conflict should cease. 
Those who were most friendly to America were 
the most anxious that this should take place, 
and he had ever been most friendly to her. If 
war was to go on, it would produce a state of 
things worse than American slavery. The whites 
would suffer more by the war than ever the ne- 
groes suffered under the most cruel masters. It 
was his lordship's opinion that the war was cre- 
ating more mischief and misery, and would lay 
the foundation of more lasting animosity and in- 
jury than all that had been said against what 
was called the ** domestic institution." If the 
Americans would only listen to their true friends, 
they would see the absolute necessity, if they re- 
garded the continuance of their reputation in 
Great Britain, and the affection entertained for 
them there, of putting a speedy end to the civil 
-^ar. This was what the truest and staunchest 
^friends of America most ardently desired. 

— Gbneral Cbawvobd, with a portion of his 
brigade and a cavalry force under CoL Tompkins, 
made. a reconnoissance in force up the Valley of 
the Shenandoah, and entered Luray, Va., this 
morning, driving out the rebel picket-guard, and 
capturing one of them. Four companies of rebel 
cavalry whi6h occupied the town fled on his ap- 
proach. They were pursued a mile out on the 
New-Market road, when a skirmish ensued, the 
cavalry chaxpng the rebels, wounding several of 
them, and capturing four prisoners. The Union 
loss was one killed and three wounded. The ob- 
ject of the reconnoissance was frdly accomplished. 
— ^The bombardment of Vicksburgh was re- 
opened to-day at two p.x., and continued all 
night 



— General Butler, at New-Orleans, issued the 
following order : John W. Andrews exhibited a 
cross, the emblem of the sufferings of our blessed 
Saviour, fashioned for a personal ornament, which 
he said was made from the bones of a Yankee sol- 
dier, and having shown this, too, without rebuke, 
in the Louisiana Club, which claims to be com- 
posed of chivalric gentlemen : 

It is therefore ordered, that for this desecration 
of the dead, he be confined at hard labor for two 
years on the fortifications at Ship Island, and 
that he be allowed no verbal or written commu- 
nication to or with any one except through these 
headquarters.— 4^«;ia^ Order^ No, 152. 

— A turnpike bridge between Harrodsburgh 
and Ferryville, tnd another between Nicholas- 
ville and Pekin, Ky., were burned, supposed by 
rebel guerrillas. — Louinille Journal, July 1. 

— The United States gunboat Sagamore made 
an attack upon the town of Tampa, Fla. Alter 
firing sixty or seventy shells, she succeeded in 
silencing the battery on shore, but finding it im- 
possible to get near enough to the town to pro- 
tect the boats that intended to land, she was 
obliged to retire without effecting the object for 
which she went ' 

—Fidel Keller and Mrs. PhQip Phillips, of 
New-Orleans, were arrested by order of Major- 
General Butler, and sent to Ship Island. The 
first for '* exhibiting a human skeleton, labelled 
*Chickahominy,' in his bookstore window," and 
the latter for laughing and mocking at the re* 
mains of Lieut De Kay, during the passage of his 
funeral procession before her residence. 

-The battles of Glendale or White Oak Swamp, 
and Charles City Cross-Roads, Va., were fought 
this day. — {Doe, 78 and Supplement) 

July 1. — ^At New-York City a meeting was held 
this evening at the Cooper Institute, in response 
to a call addressed to ^* those who desired the 
Union as it was, and the Constitution as it is.'* 
Speeches were made by Mr. Wickliffe of Ken- 
tucky, Wm. A. Duer, James Brooks, and Fernando 
Wood. 

—The battle of Malvern Hill, Ya., the last of 
the ** seven days' contests" during the retreat 
of General McClellan, was fought this day. The 
National troops were successful, repulsing the 
rebels at every point — (I)oc 78 and Supplement) 

— ^A BATTLE was fought at Booneville, Miss., 
by a body of Union troops under Colonel Sheri- 
dan, of the Second Michigan cavalry, and a force 



JULT 4.] 



DIARY OF EVENTS. 



35 



of the rebels consisting of parts of eight regi- 
ments, numbering in all about four thousand sev- 
en hundred men. After seven hours' hard fight- 
ing, Colonel Sheridan succeeded in defeating the 
rebels with great loss. They left sixty-five dead 
on the field. The loss on the Union side was 
forty-one killed, wounded, and missing. 

— ^President Lincoln, in reply to seventeen 
Governors of loyal States, who signed an address 
requesting him to call on the people of their re- 
spective States for more men for the Union army 
then in the field, informed them that he had de- 
cided *' to call into the service an additional force 
of three hundred thousand men." — {Doc. 143.) 

— G. G. Fulton was this day unconditionally 
released from Fort McUenry. 

— A SKIRMISH occurred near Morning Sun, 
Tena, between the guard of a Union wagon-train 
of Gen. Sherman's command, and a body of rebel 
cavalry, resulting in the retreat of the rebels, with 
a loss of several killed and wounded. 

— A noHT took place between the Union ram 
fleet, under Commodore Porter, and the forts and 
land batteries at Yicksburgh, Miss. The fleet 
dismounted one gun in the water-battery, and 
another — ^*a big rifled piece" — in one of the 
forts. The rebels attempted to erect defences 
and drive off the fleet, but as often as they made 
the attempt they were driven off. — {Doc. 144.) 

— Gen. Bittlbr sent to President Lincoln, from 
New-Orleans, three swords, formerly belonging 
to the rebel General Twiggs, accompanied by a 
letter giving the history of their seizure, and sug- 
gestions as to their disposal 

— The President, in accordance with the act 
for the collection of direct taxes in the insurrec- 
tionary districts within the United States, issued 
a proclamation declaring in what States and parts 
of States insurrection existed. — {Doc. 90.) 

July 2. — The army of the Potomac, under the 
command of General McClellan, in their retreat 
from before Richmond, this day reached Harri- 
son^s Bar, on the James River, Va. — President 
Lincoln approved and signed the Pacific Railroad 
and internal tax bills. 

— ^A scouTiNO party of Union troops proceeded 
fit>m Catlett's Station to Warrenton, Va., and on 
reaching that place found it occupied by five hun- 
dred rebel cavalry. 

— GovEKNOB Morgan, of New- York, issued a 
proclamation calling upon the citizens of the State 
for their quota of troops, to serve for three years 



or during the war, under the call of the President 
for three hundred thousand men. — At Clarendon, 
Ark., a party of Texas cavalry succeeded in cap- 
turing three men and six horses belonging to the 
National force near that place. 

July 8. — ^The news of the retreat of the Union 
army under the command of General McClellan, 
from before Richmond to the James River, caused 
great excitement throughout the North. * The de- 
tails of the repulse fell upon the community with 
disheartening effect, and produced such a shock 
as had not been felt since the commencement of 
the. war. Crowds of excited people were every- 
where to be seen discussing the matter, and all 
sorts of inferences and conclusions were drawn 
therefrom. 

— The brig Delilah was captured off the Hole 
in the Wall, Abaco, by the United States steamer 
Quaker City. 

— Governors Tod, of Ohio, and Buckingham, 
of Connecticut, issued proclamations calling upon 
the citizens of their States for their quota of 
troops, under the call of the President for three 
hundred thousand men. 

— ^Thb bombardment of Vicksburgh was con- 
tinued at short intervals all day. The rebels 
made an attempt to capture the mortar vessels, 
which lay at the levee within rifle-shot of the 
rebel pickets, but without success. 

— ^A SKIRMISH occurred between a brigade of 
the Union army of the Potomac, on the James 
River, Va., under the command of Gen. Davidson, 
and a force of rebels, resulting in the rout of the 
latter, the Unionists capturing six guns and a 
number of prisoners. 

July 4. — The American flag waved in every 
State of the Union. Since she rebelled, Texas 
had not been visited by the emblem of freedom, 
but to-day a party pf men from the steamer 
Rhode Island landed at Galveston and raised the 
old flag. They were subsequently driven off, but 
they had accomplished their purpose. 

— ^The anniversary of American independence 
was celebrated with great enthusiasm in the 
Northern States. It was not celebrated as usual 
in Paris, France. There was a meeting of loyal 
Americans in London, England, but the proceed- 
ings were not reported. The London TimeSy in 
an editorial, satirized the anniversary, and pub- 
lished a mock "oration" for Americans. At 
Frankfort-on-the-Main, the day was celebrated in 
a very appropriate manner at the Forst Haus, 



30 



REBELLION BEOORD, 1862. 



[ JlTLT 4. 



about two miles from Frankfort, in a beautiful 
forest 

Consul General Murphy, the President of the 
day, opened the proceedings with some remarks, 
after which the Dedaration of Independence was 
read in English by Dr. S. Townsend Brown, of 
Philadelphia, and afterwards in German by Aug. 
Glaser. Gen. B. A. Hill, of St Louis, made some 
▼ery striking remarks on the causes of the civil 
war in America, which he said could all be charged 
to slavery, which was the real causa He said a 
great fight was going on to maintain the Union 
and constitutional liberty, and the God of battles 
would give the victory to the army of freedom, 
right, and justice. Being an intimate friend of 
Mr. Stanton, Secretary of War of the United 
States, he gave some interesting hcta about the 
army. 

After the oration the party, at half-past two 
o^clock, sat down to a dinner, prepared by the 
host of the Forst Haus, in the large hall in the 
grove. The room was elegantly decorated with 
evergreens and flowers, and a large portrait of 
Gen. Washington, painted expressly for the occa- 
sion. The flags of England, America, and the 
city of Frankfort waved side by side. 

To the toast of ** The Union, one and insepar- 
able," Gen. Hill responded in good style ; and to 
the toast of '* The Queen of England,'' one of the 
thirteen regular toasts. Sir Alexander Malet, the 
representative of her Britannic Majesty, respond- 
ed. He said there was no cause for ill-feeling be- 
tween England and America. There was no rea- 
son for jealousy. England was proud of her 
children in America — a people with whom they 
were associated largely in business, and connect- 
ed in language and consanguinity. Mother Eng- 
land was as proud of an Irving and a Cooper as 
were the people of the United States ; and he 
knew America must reverence a country from 
whom they derived their notions of civil and re- 
ligious liberty. The good feeling and the atten- 
tion shown the Prince of Wales on his journey 
through America would long be remembered and 
appreciated by the English. His speech elicited 
much applause. 

The English Consul was also at the dinner, as 
well as Consul Stote, of Manheim, and Mr. 
Strauss, Consul for the Argentine Republia The 
Rev. Dr. McClmtock, of Paris, spoke to the toast of 
** The Clergy.** About one hundred persons sat 
down to dinner, and there was generally a very 
pleasant fime. To the toast of '' The President,*' 



the band, by mistake, played "God Save the 
Queen,** which made considerable fun at the ta- 
ble. Not understanding English very well was 
probably the cause of this little mistake. Unfor- 
tunately for the London Times and its celebrated 
prophecy of what would be the manner of the 
celebration^ it happened to be in a very different 
style. No abuse of England took place in the 
replies to the toasts. The day was very pleasant, 
and was the first for the past four weeks that 
had been fine. The party broke up about six 
P.M. — London UTewa, July 12. 

— General McClellan issued an address to 
the " Soldiers of the Army of the Potomac,'* re- 
capitulating the events through which they had 
passed during the preceding ten days, and de- 
claring that they should yet enter " the capital 
of the so-called Confederacy." — (Doe, 79.) 

— A SMALL body of Union troops under com- 
mand of Lieut -Col Wood, while reconnoitring In 
the vicinity of the Little Red River, Ark., shelled 
a rebel camp, putting the rebels to flight, and 
captured a large quantity of provisions and 
stores. 

— ^General McClellan, commanding the army 
of the Potomac, issued an order directing that the 
day should be celebrated in the army by firing a 
National salute at noon at the headquarters of 
each army corps; and that immediately there- 
after the bands were to play appropriate National 
airs. — ^In the afternoon Gen. McClellan paraded 
the troops, and made them a few hopeful and en- 
couraging remarks, thanking the men in feeling 
terms for their uniform bravery, fortitude, and 
good conduct 

— ^A LABQB and enthusiastic meeting of the 
citizens of Springfield, Mass., was held for the 
purpose of devising means to meet President Lin> 
coln*s call for more troops. Patriotic resolutions 
were unanimously passed, and speeches were 
made by Mayor Bemis, George Ashmun, Gen. 
Devens, M. K. Kimi of Missouri, Geoi^e Walker, 
Judge Chapman, and others. 

— ^Thb bombardment of the rebel fortifications 
at Yicksburgh, by the Union mortar-fleet, vras 
continued during the whole of this day, ceasing 
at ten o'clock at night — At Port Royal Ferry, 
S. C, a skirmish took place between a party of 
National pickets and a body of rebels, resulting 
in the defeat of the latter. 

— GovEBNOBS Bbadtobd, of Maryland, and 
Curtin, of Pennsylvania, issued proclamations 



JCLT 8.] 



DIARY OF EVENTS. 



37 



calling upon the citizens of their States for their 
quota of troops, under the call of the President 
Cbr three hundred thousand men. 

—The British schooner Richard O'Brien, laden 
with medicines and a general cargo, from Jamaica, 
and bound for Matamoras, Texas, was this daj 
run ashore near San Luis Pass, and captured by 
the United States steamer Rhode Island, under 
the command of Captain S. D. Trenchard. 

—A BKiBMisH took place near Grand Haze, on 
the White River, Ark., between a body of rebel 
guerrillas and the Thirteenth Illinois r^ment of 
Gea Gurtis's army. — ^The rebel gunboat Teazer 
WIS this day captured in a bend of the James 
Rirer, Ya., by the United States steamer Mara- 
iuiM.-iJ)ae. 145.) 

Julff 6. — C. H. Inrin, in behalf of the citizens 
of Lee County, Ya., informed the rebel Secretary 
of War that Gen. Mercer, of the rebel army, had 
issued an order impressing twenty per cent of the 
male slaTes throughout the State, and inquired if 
he was authorized so to do by the War Depart- 
ment In reply to Mr. Irrin, the rebel Secretary 
of War informed him that Gen. Mercer had not 
communicated with his department in reference 
to impressment of slaves, nor had any authority 
to make such impressment been granted. 

— Geh. Thompson, of the rebel army. Issued a 
proclamation to the inhabitants of Panola and De 
Soto Counties;, Miss., calling upon them to do the 
"watching and picketing duty which their know- 
ledge of the country peculiarly fitted them for.** — 
(1^86.) 

— ^Thb bombardment of Yicksburgh was re- 
opened at about eight o*clock on the evening of 
this day. The Union fleet of gunboats and mor- 
tar-vessels threw shot and shell into the city for 
an hour. 

— ^Thi Governors of Indiana, Illinois, Vermont, 
and Rhode Island issued proclamations calling 
apcm the citizens of those States for their quotas 
of troops, under the call of President Lincoln for 
three hundred thousand men. 

July 6. — The steamer Juniata, while aground 
about four miles from Harrison^s Landing, on the 
James River, was fired into by the rebels, from 
the opposite shore, and one man wounded. _ 

— A FIGHT took place at Grand Prairie, near 
Aberdeen, Ark., between a body of Union infant- 
ry, under the command of CoL Spicely, and a su- 
perior force of rebel cavalry, resulting in the rout 
of the rebels with great loss. — (Doc 146.) 



July 7. — The steamer Emilie, formerly the 
Wm. Seabrook, of Charleston, S. C, was cap- 
tured off Bull's Bay, S. C, by the United States 
steamer Flag and the bark Restless. — ^At New- 
Orleans, La., the system of distributions and sales 
of provisions to the poor of that city went into 
operation.— The Anglo-rebel steamer Adela was 
captured off Abaco, by the National gunboat 
Quaker City. — Official ReporU. 

— The Common Council of Buffalo, N. Y<, ap- 
propriated eighty thousand doUars for the pur- 
pose of raising a new regiment, giving seventy-five 
dollars bounty for each recruit — Gen. Burnside's 
army arrived in the James River, Ya. 

— ^The battle of the Cache, Ark., was fought 
this day by the National forces, under CoL C. £. 
Hovey, and over two thousand rebel troops, com- 
manded by Albert Rust, resulting in the defeat 
and rout of the latter with a severe loss. — {Doc 
82.) 

July 8. — A krge and enthusiastic meeting was 
held in New-Haven, Ct, in response to the 
call of President Lincoln for volunteers. Speeches 
were made by Senator Dixon, Govei^ior Bucking- 
ham, Rev. Dr. Bacon, A. P. Hyde, T. H. Bond, 
Rev. Dr. Nadal, G. F. Trumbull, C. Chapman, 
Capt. Hunt, and others. Commodore Andrew H. 
Foote presided over the meeting. 

— Gen. Sheplet, MQitary Commandant of New 
Orleans, this day issued an order extending the 
time in which those who had been in the ** mili- 
tary service of the confederate States" could take 
the parole to the tenth instant — Gen. Butler is- 
sued an order authorizing several regiments of 
volunteers for the United States army to be re- 
cruited, and organized in the State of Louisiana. 

— ^A RECONNOissANCE by the First Maine cavalry 
was this day made as far as Waterloo^ on the 
Rappahannock River, Ya. — A band of rebel guer- 
rillas visited the residence of a Unionist named 
Pratt, in Lewis County, Mo., and murdered him. 

— John Ross, principal Chief of the Cherokee 
Indians, addressed a letter to Colonel Weer, com- 
manding United States forces at Leavenworth, 
Kansas, informing him that on the seventh day 
of October, 1861, the Cherokee Nation had en- 
tered into a treaty with " the confederate States." 
— (2?oc. 147.) 

— ^PREsroENT Lincoln arrived at Harrison^s 
Landing, on the James River, Ya., and, accompa- 
nied by Gen. McClellan, reviewed the army of the 
Potomac — Governors Salomon of Wisconsin, and 



38 



REBELLIOX R£CX)RD, 1862. 



[July 11. 



Olden of New-Jersej, issued proclamations call- 
ing upon the citizens of their States for their quota 
of troops, under the call of the President for three 
hundred thousand men. ^ ^ 

—The letters from Gen. McGlellan to the War 
Department, concerning the occupation of Gen. 
Lee's residence at White House, Va., were this 
day laid before Congress. — The removal of Secre- 
tary Stanton from the War Department was sug- 
gested m various portions of the country. 

July 9. — ^The National transport steamer Cano- 
nicus was fired into by the rebels, a few miles be- 
low Harrison^s Landing, on the James River, Va. 
— ^In the New-Hampshire Legislature resolutions 
were unanimously passed, pledging the State to 
furnish her full quota of soldiers under the call 
of President Lincoln. 

— Public meetings were held in England, pray- 
ing the government to use its influence to bring 
about a reconciliation between the Northern and 
Southern States of America, as it was from Ame- 
rica alone that an immediate supply of cotton 
could be expected ; and if need there should be, 
that the British government should not hesitate 
to acknowledge the independence of the Southern 
States. 

— ^A FIGHT occurred near Tompkinsville, Ky., 
between a body of one thousand five hundred 
guerrillas, under Morgan, and the Third battalion 
of Pennsylvania cavalry, numbering about two 
hundred and fifty men, under the command of 
Major Jordan, in which the Nationals were rout- 
ed, with a loss of four killed, six wounded, and 
nineteen taken prisoners. 

— Hamiltoit, N. C, was occupied by the Na- 
tional forces under the command of Gapt Ham- 
mel, of Hawkins's N. Y. Zouaves.— (2>oc 148.) 

July 10. — ^A meeting was held in Huttonville, 
Randolph County, Va., at which the following 
resolution was adopted : 

BeBolted^ That we, as citizens, are willing to 
live under the Federal GK>vemment and its laws, 
and that we will give any information to the 
Federal commanders in relation to the operation 
of certain bands of men knowA as Guerrillas or 
Mountain Rangers. 

—At New-Orieans John H. Larue, "being by 
his own confession a vagrant," was committed to 
the parish prison, and " Anna Larue, his wife, 
having been found in the public streets wearing 
a confederate flag upon her person, in order to in- 
cite riot," was sent to Ship Island, by the com- 
mand of Geo. Butler.— i^p«eta2 Order^ No, 179. 



— ^The Provost-Marshal of Memphis, Tennessee, 
issued an order requiring all persons connected 
with the rebel army or government to leave the 
city with their families within five days. — A com- 
pany of guerrillas, ninety in number, engaged in 
drilling in a field between Gallatin and Harts- 
yille, Tenn., were captured by a body of Nationals 
belonging to CoL Boone's r^ment and carried 
into Nashville. — Nashville Union, July 13. 

— John Moboan, the rebel guerrilla leader, 
issued an appeal to the citizens of Kentucky, 
calling upon them to '* rise and arm, and drive 
the Hessian invaders from their soil" — ^A fight 
took place two miles south of Scatterville, Ark., 
between a detachment of the First Wisconsin 
cavalry and a rebel force of ninety men under 
Capt Allen. 

— ^General Saxton, at Beaufort, S. C, report- 
ed to the War Department as follows : 

" I have the honor to report that every thing 
pertaining to the special service for which I am 
sent to this department is in a favprable condi- 
tion. The negroes are working industriously. 
We have some fifteen thousand acres of com and 
cotton under cultivation. It looks welL The 
system of voluntary labor works admirably. The 
people are contented and happy. When the new 
crop is harvested they will cease to be a burden 
upon the Government 

^^ By adopting a judicious system of reward for 
labor, almost any amount can be obtained. Its 
proceeds will pay the expense.** 

— ^Thb gunboat Monongahela was this day 
launched at Philadelphia, Pa. — Enthusiastic 
meetings were held at Lockport, N. Y., and 
Hartford, Ct, for the purpose of devising means 
to meet the call of President Lincoln for three 
hundred thousand additional troops. 

July 11. — A skirmish took place at Williams- 
burgh, Vii^nia, between the National and rebel 
pickets, in which the latter were defeated with a 
loss of three killed and seven taken prisoners. 

— Governor Yates, of Illinois, published a let- 
ter to the President of the United States, urging 
the employment of all available means to crush 
the rebellion. — ^At New-Orleans, La., all acts of 
sale by auctioneers who had not taken the oath 
of all<^ance to the United States were declared 
null and void by the Military Commandant, Gen. 
Shepley. 

— ^A SKiRXiSH occurred near Pleasant Hill, Mo., 
between a company of State militia and a band 



JCLT 12.] 



DIARY OF EVENTS. 



39 



of rebd guerrillas, resulting in a rout of the 
rebels, with a loss of six killed and five mortally 
wounded. 

—A despatch from Gen. McGlellan, at Hani 
son's Landing, on the James River, of this date, 
said: 

"All quiet We are rested. Enemy has re- 
treated." 

— Bt order of President Lincoln, Major-General 
Henry W. Halleck was this day assigned to the 
command of the whole land forces of the United 
States, as Generar-in-Chie£ 

—Toe rehel Gen. Ruggles refused to grant the 
petition of the inhabitants of Saint Tammany 
Parish, La., to permit them to exchange their- 
wood, bricks, lumber, etc, for food, with the citi- 
zens of New-Orleans.— A skirmish took place 
near New-Hope, Ky., between a body of Union 
troops, under the command of Lieut. -Col. Moore, 
and a force of rebel guerrilla cavahry, resulting in 
the complete rout of the rebels. 

Mtf 12.— The Senate of the United States 
adopted the Confiscation fiill as it passed in the 
House of Representatives yesterday, by a vote of 
twenty-seven to thirteen.— The advance of Gen. 
Cortis^s army under General Washburn reached 
Helena, Ark., at nine o'clock this morning, hav- 
ing left CUrendon, on the White River, yesterday, 
at six 1.1L, and made a forced march of sixty-five 
miles in a day and a night 

Gen. Curtis left Batesville on the twenty-fourth 
ulL with twenty days' rations, and after a halt 
of five days at Jacksonport, to concentrate the 
forces on his outposts, he took up his line of 
march, and his entire command are now en route 
for Helena. 

From eight to twelve hundred rebels, under 
Matlodc, .who were on his front, fired on forage- 
trains from canebrakes, and barricaded all the 
roads leading southward with trees felled by ne- 
groes, and placed every conceivable obstacle in 
the way of his men, but he overcame them all. 

Gen. Washburn bad a number of skirmishes 
on the route, in all of which the rebels were 
whipped, and with considerable loss to them, 
though with few casualties to the National troops. 

—A noHT took place at Lebanon, Ky., between 
a small body of Union troops, under the command 
of Colonel Johnson, and a force of rebel cavalry 
under John Morgan, resulting in the defeat of the 
UnionisU and the capture of the town by the 
rebels.— <i>06. 87.) 



— ^Larqs and enthusiastic meetings, for the 
purpose of promoting enlistments into the army 
under the call of President Lincoln for three hun- 
dred thousand additional troops, were this day 
held at Boston, Cambridge, Roxbury, Brookline^ 
Somerville, Maiden, Springfield, and West-Cam- 
bridge, Mass., and at Portland, Maine. Speeches 
by distinguished and prominent citizens were 
made in each place. In several of the towns 
large sums of money were collected for the pur- 
pose of paying extra bounties to the volunteers. 

— President Lincoln received the Senators and 
Representatives of the slaveholding Border States 
at the Presidential mansion, and addressed them 
on the subject of emancipation. 

— General Smith, of the rebel army, issued an 
address to the forces under his command atVicks- 
burgh, Miss., thanking them for their bravery in 
resisting the attack made by the Union forces on 
the city. — The rebel General Albert Pike, in 
command of Fort McCulloch, Indian Territory, 
forwarded his " unconditional and absolute " re- 
signation to Jeff Davis. 

— The British schooner Julia, of Digby, N. S., 
captured by the National gunboat Eittatinny in 
Barrataria Creek, La., and the schooner Uncle 
Mose, captured by tlie gunboat Tahoma on the 
coast of Campeachy, arrived at Key West, Fla. — 
Colonel Thomas Cass, of the Ninth Massachusetts 
regiment, died at Boston from the effects of 
wounds received before Richmond. 

— ^Fairmont, Missouri, was this day surprised 
by a band of bushwhackers, who plundered the 
town and carried off several of its inhabitants. 

—The New-Orleans (La.) Delta^ of this date, 
speaking of the sanitary condition of that city, 
said: 

In the memory of the " oldest inhabitant," our 
city was never more healthy at this season of the 
year. For this great blessing we are greatly in- 
debted to Gen. Butler's idea of relieving the poor, 
and at the same time getting said poor to clean 
up the streets. The order was intrusted to Gen. 
Shepley, who very judiciously selected CoL T. R 
Thorpe to superintend the distribution of the 
charity of the Government, and see that the thou- 
sand laborers, the recipients, did their duty. The 
result is, that our city is a model of cleanliness. 

—A rioHT took place at Culpeper, Va., between 
a body of Union troops, under the command of 
Gen. Hatch, and a force of rebel cavalry, in which 
the rebels were routed, having had one killed, 




\tAJ/(VKN. (U'-nRf^E H.TIKjMA^^. 



Jfit 12.] 



DIARY OF EVENTS. 



39 



of rebel guerrillas, resulting in a rout of the 
rebels, with a loss of six killed and five mortally 
voimded. 

—A despatch from Gen. McClellan, at Harri 
bod's Landing, on the James River, of this date, 
said: 

"All quiet We are rested. Enemy has re- 
treated.'' 

—Br order of President Lincoln, Major-General 
Henry W. Halleck was this day assigned to the 
command of the whole land forces of the United 
States, as GeneraT-in-Chief 

—The rebel Gen. Ruggles refused to grant the 
petition of the inhabitants of Saint Tammany 
Parisb, La., to permit them to exchange their- 
wood, bricks, lumber, etc, for food, with the citi- 
leos of New-Orleans. — ^A skirmish took place 
near New-Hope, Ky., between a body of Union 
troops, under the oonmiand of Lieut -Col. Moore, 
and a force of rebel guerrilla cavah-y, resulting in 
the complete rout of the rebels. 

Julff 12.— The Senate of the United SUtes 
adopted the Confiscation fiill as it passed in the 
House of Representatives yesterday, by a vote of 
twenty-scven to thirteen.— The advance of Gen. 
Curtis's army under General Washburn reached 
Helena, Ark., at nine o'clock this morning, hav- 
ing left Clarendon, on the White River, yesterday, 
at six A.1L, and made a forced march of sixty-five 
miles in a day and a night 

Gen. Curtis left Batesville on the twenty-fourth 
ult with twenty days' rations, and after a halt 
of five days at Jacksonport, to concentrate the 
forces on his outposts, he took up his line of 
march, and his entire command are now en route 
for Helena. 

Prom eight to twelve hundred rebels, under 
Matlock, who were on his front, fired on forage- 
trains from canebrakes, and barricaded all the 
roads leading southward with trees felled by ne- 
groes, and placed every conceivable obstacle in 
the way of his men, but he overcame them all. 

Gen. Washburn had a number of skirmishes 
on the route, in all of which the rebels were 
whipped, and with considerable loss to them, 
though with few casualties to the National troops. 

—A noHT took place at Lebanon, Ky., between 
a small body of Union troops, under the command 
of Colonel Johnson, and a force of rebel cavalry 
under John Morgan, resulting in the defeat of the 
Unionists and the capture of the town by the 
rebelfl.— <2>o<!. 87.) 



— ^Larob and enthusiastic meetings, for the 
purpose of promoting enlistments into the army 
under the call of President Lincoln for three hun- 
dred thousand additional troops, were this day 
held at Boston, Cambridge, Roxbury, Brookline^ 
Somerville, Maiden, Springfield, and West-Cam- 
bridge, Mass., and at Portland, Maine. Speeches 
by distinguished and prominent citizens were 
made in each place. In several of the towns 
large sums of money were collected for the pur- 
pose of paying extra bounties to the volunteers. 

— President Lincoln received the Senators and 
Representatives of the slaveholding Border States 
at the Presidential mansion, and addressed them 
on the subject of emancipation. 

— General Smith, of the rebel army, issued an 
address to the forces under his command atVicks- 
burgh. Miss., thanking them for their bravery in 
resisting the attack made by the Union forces on 
the city. — The rebel General Albert Pike, in 
command of Fort McCulloch, Indian Territory, 
forwarded his " unconditional and absolute " re- 
signation to Jeff Davis. 

— The British schooner Julia, of Digby, N. S., 
captured by the National gunboat Eittatinny in 
Barrataria Creek, La., and the schooner Uncle 
Mose, captured by the gunboat Tahoma on the 
coast of Campeachy, arrived at Key West, Fla. — 
Colonel Thomas Cass, of the Ninth Massachusetts 
regiment, died at Boston from the efiects of 
wounds received before Richmond. 

— ^Fairmont, Missouri, was this day surprised 
by a band of bushwhackers, who plundered the 
town and carried off several of its inhabitants. 

— The New-Orleans (La.) Delta, of this date, 
speaking of the sanitary condition of that city, 
said: 

In the memory of the " oldest inhabitant," our 
city was never more healthy at this season of the 
year. For this great blessing we are greatly in- 
debted to Gen. Butler's idea of relieving the poor, 
and at the same time getting said poor to clean 
up the streets. The order was intrusted to Gen. 
Shepley, who very judiciously selected CoL T. R 
Thorpe to superintend the distribution of the 
charity of the Government, and see that the thou- 
sand laborers, the recipients, did their duty. The 
result is, that our city is a model of cleanliness. 

— A FioHT took place at Culpeper, Ya., between 
a body of Union troops, under the command of 
Gen. Hatch, and a force of rebel cavalry, in which 
the rebels were routed, having had one killed, 



40 



BEBELLIOK BECORD, 1862. 



[JULT 15. 



five wounded, and leaying eleven prisoners in the 
hands of the Unionists. 

— ^The Unionists of North-Alabama having been 
much abused and persecuted by the rebels in 
that region, a body of Union troops, under the 
command of Colonel Streight, Fifty-first Indiana, 
were sent to relieve and protect them. — (J)oc, 86.) 

— ^The Union ram Switzerland, under the com- 
mand of Lieut -Col. £llet, made a reconnoissance 
up the Yazoo River, for the purpose of ascertain- 
ing if the rebels had erected any breastworks 
along its banks. 

July 13. — ^The railroad bridge over the Rapidan 
River, at Rapidan Station, Va., was destroyed by 
a party of Union troops under the command of 
Major James M. Deems. On proceeding towards 
the bridge, and when about six miles from Fair- 
&X, they were fired upon by a force of the ene- 
my, and a sharp skirmish ensued, resulting in 
the defeat of the rebels, who were driven for a 
distance of ten miles. On arriving at the bridge, 
another party of rebels were encountered, who, 
after a short fight, were dispersed. Besides de- 
stroying the bridge, the Unionists cut the tele- 
graph wire and destroyed the battery at the sta- 
tion.— (2>(?c. 149.) 

— ^A PARTY of rebel guerrillas entered Memphis, 
Mo., captured the militia troops stationed there, 
drove out the Union men, and robbed the stores. 

— Great excitement existed in Louisville^ Lex- 
ington, Bowling Green, Danville, Frankfort, Cov- 
ington, and other towns in Kentucky, in antici- 
pation of a visit from the rebel guerrillas under 
John Morgan. In order to be prepared for such 
an event. General Boyle, commanding the Union 
forces at Louisville, issued the following order : 
'* It is ordered that every able-bodied man take 
arms and* aid in repelling the marauders. Every 
man who does not join vrill remain in his house 
forty-eight hours, and be shot down if he leaves 
it*' General Ward, commanding at Lexington, 
Issued an order directing that " all able-bodied 
citizens of Lexington and Fayette County are to 
report themselves at the Court-House Square, in 
Lexington, forthwith. Those having arms will 
bring them ; those having none will be armed.'* 

— MuRFREESBORO, Ky., was captured by the 
rebel forces under the command of Brig. -General 
Forrest— (2><w. 88.) 

July 14. — General Pope issued an address " to 
the officers and soldiers of the army of Vii^nia," 
informing them that by special assignment of the 



President of the United States, he had assumed 
command of the army.— (2>o& 160.) 

— ^A BAND of rebel guerrillas, under John Mor- 
gan, destroyed the long bridge on the Kentucky 
Central Railroad, between Cynthiana and Paris, 
Kentucky.— In the United States Senate, a reso- 
lution of thanks to Flag-Officer Foote, for his gal- 
lant services at the West) was adopted. 

— An enthusiastic meeting of the citizens of 
Utica, N. Y., was held in that town for the pur- 
pose of promoting enlistments into the army un- 
der the call of President Lincoln for more men. 
Speeches were made by Ex-Governor Seymour, 
Judges Denio and Bacon, Francis Kieman, £. H.' 
Roberts, Charles W. Doolittle, and others. Res- 
olutions offering extra bounties to volunteers 
were adopted. 

— President Lincoln sent to Congress a mes- 
sage embodying the draft of a bill to compensate 
any State which should abolish slavery within its 
limits, the passage of which, substantially as pre- 
sented, he earnestly rec<Hnmended. — (Doe, 151.) 

July 16. — ^A body of Union troops, numbering 
about six hundred men, under the command of 
Major Miller, Second Wisconsin cavalry, attacked 
the combined rebel forces of Rains, Coffee, Hun- 
ter, Hawthorne, and Tracy, numbering about six- 
teen hundred, at a point eSght miles beyond Fay- 
etteville, Arkansas, and routed them with great 
loss. — ^David £. Twiggs, who was dismissed firom 
the United States army for treason, died at Au- 
gusta, Ga. 

— ^Thes morning the rebel iron-clad ram Arkan- 
sas passed down the Tazoo River into the Missis- 
sippi, and landed under the batteries at Vicks- 
burgh, passing through and receiving the fire of 
the Union fleet of gunboats and mortars. The 
ram returned the fire, but, except kiUing and 
wounding a number of men on several of the gun- 
boats, without material damage to the fieet. The 
ram, though struck by a great number of shot» 
was not much injured. — ^At about six o'clock in 
the evening, the whole Union fleet got under 
way, and while the mortars attacked the land 
batteries, the gunboats, in the hope of sinking the 
Arkansas, poured their broadsides into her, but 
without effect The bombardment lasted for an 
hour, when the fleet dropped below the city, and 
came to anchor. — (Doc 162.) 

—The town of Henderson, Ky., was entered 
by a band of rebel guerrillas, who broke into the 
soldiers' hospital, (whose inmates had been re* 



Jat 17.] 



DIABT OP SVENTS. 



41 



BMf?ed to EvansTille, Ind.,) robbing it of its blan- 
kets, sheets, etc., and then left, without doing 
anj further mischiel 

—Ik consequence of the difficulty of procuring 
small change, caused bj the premium on specie, 
postage-stamps were now first spoken of as a 
sobstitoteL—^tfio- r<7rlr World, July 15. 

—The rebel Colonel Morgan Tisited Midway, 
Ky., at noon to-day, and cut the telegraph wires 
and tore up the railroad. He took away with him 
erery thing he could convert to his use. He had 
four twelve-pound howitzers. In the evening he 
left for Georgetown, and encamped there on 
Gano's farm. 

— ^At Cleveland, Ohio, the City Council appro- 
priated thirty-five thousand dollars to aid in re- 
cruiting for the new regiments. — At Detroit, 
Michigan, a meeting was held to facilitate the 
raising of new regiments. Patriotic resolutions 
were passed. 

— ^A VERT large gathering of citizens was held 
in the Capitol Park, at Albany, N. T. Great en- 
thusiasm was manifested. Governor Morgan pre- 
sided, and among the Vice-Presidents were Mayor 
Perry, Senator John V. L. Pruyn, John Tracy, 
General Cooper, and other prominent citizens, 
^rong resolutions in favor of the new levy, and 
recommending an extra session of the Legislature, 
to authorize the giving of a State bounty to vol- 
unteers, were introduced by George Dawson, 
chairman of the committee, and unanimously 
adopted. Speeches were made by Lyman Tre- 
nain and others. 

— ^The Ninth regiment of Vermont volunteers, 
onder the command of Col. George L Stannard, 
left Brattleboro this morning at nine o*clock, en 
route for the seat of war. This was the first reg- 
iment recruited under the call of July first, for 
three hundred thousand additional troops. 

— ^A ULRQE and enthusiastic public meeting 
vas held this day in Union Square, New- York, 
m behalf of the Union and in support of the Gov- 
ernment in its efforts to suppress the rebellion. 
Speeches were made by Mayor Opdyke, General 
Fremont, General Walbridge, President King, 
Professor Lieber, Rev. Dr. Vinton, Rev. Dr. Hitch- 
cock, Rev. Dr. Clarke, E. D. Smith, William Al- 
len Butler, and others. — Ifew-Yark TriMtne^ 
My 1^17. 

Jfdy 16.— The United States War Department 
received from William H. Aspinwall, of New- 



York, a present of his check for twenty-five thou- 
sand two hundred and ninety dollars and sixty 
cents, as his share of profit on a contract for arms 
purchased by Howland & Aspinwall, and sold to 
the Government The Secretary of War ordered 
*4hat the check be transferred to the Secretary 
of the Treasury, and that the thanks of the De- 
partment be rendered to Mr. Aspinwall for the 
proof he has furnished of the disinterested and 
patriotic spirit that animates the citizens of the 
United States in the present contest against trea- 
son and rebellion, giving assurance that a govern- 
ment supported by citizens who thus prefer the 
public welfare to their private gain, must over- 
come its enemies." 

— Gen. Halleck, on retiring from the command 
of the army of the Mississippi, issued an address 
to the troops, expressing his high appreciation of 
the endurance, bravery, and soldierly conduct 
which they had exhibited on all occasions during 
the campaign. 

— The British schooner Agnes was captured 
off Abaco Island, by the United States steamer 
Huntsville, commanded by Lieut Rogers. — Offi- 
cial Report, 

— Governor Pierpont, of Virginia, issued a 
proclamation calling updn the people to furnish 
the State's quota of troops, under the call of 
President Lincoln for three hundred thousand 
men. To aid the work, he desired the Senators 
and members of the House of Delegates to act as 
agents in procuring volunteers in their respective 
districts. 

— ^Yesteruat John B. Clarke, of the rebel Sen- 
ate, addressed a letter to G. W. Randolph, the 
rebel Secretary of War, inquiring whether the 
" Partisan Rangers" were to be considered as be- 
longing to the rebel army, and whether the rebel 
government would not claim for them the same 
treatment as prisoners which was exacted for 
prisoners of war ; and to-day the Secretary re- 
plied that partisan rangers were a part of the pro- 
visional army of the States in rebellion, and were 
subject to all the regulations adopted for Its gov- 
ernment, and entitled to the same protection as 
prisoners of war. — {See Supplement.) 

July 17. — A detachment of the Union army, 
under Gen. Pope, this day entered the town of 
Gordonsville, Va., unopposed, and destroyed the 
railroad at that place, being the junction of the 
Orange and Alexandria and Virginia Central Rail- 
roads, together with a great quantity of rebel 
army supplies gathered at that point 



42 



REBELLION RECORD, 1862. 



[July 18. 



— Ctnthiana, Ky., was captured by a party 
of rebel troops, under Col. John H. Morgan, after 
a severe engagement with the National forces oc- 
cupying the town, under the command of Lieut - 
Col. Landrum.— (i3to& 89.) 

— The British schooner William, captured off 
the coast of Texas by the National steamer De 
Soto, arrived at Key West, Fla.— Major-General 
Halleck, having relinquished the command of the 
department of the Mississippi, left Corinth for 
Washington, D. C, accompanied by General Cul- 
lum, CoL Kelton, and an aid-de-camp.— The bill 
authorizing the issue of postage and other govern- 
ment stamps as currency, and prohibiting banks 
and other corporations or individuals from issuing 
notes below the denomination of one dollar for 
circulation, was passed by the House of Repre- 
sentatives and signed by the President 

— President Lincoln sent a special message to 
Congress, informing it that as he had considered 
the bill for an act to suppress insurrection, to 
punish treason and rebellion, to seize and confis- 
cate the property of rebels, and the joint resolu- 
tion explanatory of the act, as being substantially 
one, he had approved and signed both. Before 
the President was informed of the passage of the 
resolution, he had prepared the draft of a message 
stating objections to the bill becoming a law, a 
copy of which draft he transmitted to Congress 
with the special message. 

— ^Thb Congress of the United States adjourned 
sine die.—At Louisville, Ky., both branches of 
the Common Council of that city adopted an ordi- 
nance compelling the Board of School Trustees to 
require all professors and teachers of the public 
schools, before entering on their duties, to appear 
before the Mayor and take oath to support the 
Constitutions of the United States and Kentucky, 
and to be true and loyal citizens thereof—Gen. 
Nelson arrived at Nashville, Tenn., with large re- 
enforcements, and assumed command there. 

— A scouTiKG-PARTT of ten men, under Lieut 
Roberts, of the First Kentucky (Wolford's) caval- 
ry, when about fifteen miles from Columbia, 
Tenn., were attacked by a body of sixty rebels. 
The Union paFty retired to a house in the neigh- 
borhood, from which they fought the rebels six 
hours, when they finally retreated. Several of 
the rebels fell The Union party lost none. 

—Enthusiastic meetings were this day held at 
Bangor, Me., Bridgeport, Ct, and Auburn, N. Y., 
for the purpose of promoting enlistments into 



the army, under the call of the President for more 
troops. 

Julff 18. — Great excitement and terror existed 
among the citizens of Cincinnati, in consequence 
of the vicinity of the force of rebel guerrillas un- 
der John Morgan. Colonel Burbank, Thirteenth 
United States infantry, assumed military com- 
mand of the city, and issued orders directing all 
officers in the volunteer service to report to him. 
The Governor of the State also issued an order 
calling for volunteers to serve for thirty daya. 
The excitement of Cincinnati pervaded the ad- 
joining towns in Kentucky. 

— At Kingston, North-Carolina, two negroes 
were executed, by order of Colonel Sol Williams, 
C.S. A., having been found guilty of drumming up 
recruits for Bumside'a army. — Richmond Exam- 
iner^ July 24. 

— CoL. Salomon, of the Ninth Wisconsin vol- 
unteers, at his encampment on Grand River, Ark^ 
arrested CoL Weer, commander of the Indian ex- 
pedition, and assumed command. 

— A DESPERATE fight took placc near Memphis, 
Mo., between a detachment of Union troops, num- 
bering about four hundred, under the command 
of Major John T. Clopper, and a force of rebel 
guerrillas six hundred strong, resulting in a com- 
plete rout of the rebels, who left a large number 
of their dead and wounded. — {Doc. 158.) 

— The Richmond (Ya.) Despatch of this date, 
speaking of the proposition of employing negroes 
on the Union fortifications, said: "It appears 
from statements in the Northern newspapers that 
McClellan proposes to employ negroes to perform 
the hard labor on his fortifications, with a view 
to save his troops from the perils of sunstroke. 
This is the sort of freedom the deluded slaves en- 
joy when they get into the clutches of the aboli- 
tionists. They are worked to death, in order to 
save the lives of a proportionate number of mise- 
rable Yankees, not one half of whom can lay as 
much claim to respectability as the blackest corn- 
field negro in Virginia. We hope our authorities, 
in negotiating for an exchange of prisoners, will 
make the invaders account for at least a portion 
of the * contrabands' they have stolen, though in 
making up their relative value it should appear 
that one nigger was equal to two Yankees." 

— The town of Newburg, Ind., was this day 
entered by a band of rebel guerrillas, under Capt. 
Johnson, and robbed of a large amount of prop- 
eTtj.-^Evannille Journal, July 21. 



JttT 18.] 



DIARY OF EVENTS. 



43 



—Large and enthusiastic meetings were held 
in Memphis, Tenn., Milwaukee, Wis., Danhury, 
Ct, and Troy, N. Y., for the purpose of pro- 
moting enlistments into the army, under the call 
of President Lincoln. 

—In the British House of Commons a debate 
took place on the following motion submitted by 
Ur. Lindsay : 

" That, in the opinion of this House, the States 
which have secedcNl from the Union of the repub- 
lic of the United States have so long maintained 
themsehes under a separate and established gov- 
ernment, and have given such proof of their de- 
termination and ability to support their indepen- 
dence, that the propriety of offering mediation 
with the view of terminating hostilities between 
the contending parties, is worthy of the serious 
and immediate attention of her Majesty's govern- 
ment" 

In making this motion Mr. Lindsay said he 
felt assured that an expression of opinion on 
the part of the House on the subject would have 
an effect con^ary to that which some persons 
seemed to apprehend. He thought the confederate 
States had shown their determination and ability 
to support their independence. There could be 
DO difference of opinion on that point : but there 
might be a difference of opinion as to the propriety 
of British mediation. He then addressed the 
House on the origin and causes of the war; next 
he spoke of its effects ; then he showed that, as 
he eonfceived, the end of the war must be separa- 
tion; and, lastly, he endeavored to show that 
humanity and British interests demanded that a 
stop should be put to the warl It appeared 
strange and unaccountable to him that her Ma- 
jesty's government had taken no steps in that 
direction. It was clear that the South could not 
be conquered, and it was still more clear it could 
never be brought back again into the Union. He 
therefore submitted that the time had arrived 
when the Southern States ought to be received 
into the family of nations, and begged to make 
the above motion. 

Mr. Taylor, who had given notice of an amend- 
ment to Mr. Lindsay's motion, to leave out all 
the words after the words " House," in order to 
insert the words, ** it is desirable that this coun- 
try should continue to maintain the strictest neu- 
trality in the civil war unhappily existing in the 
republic of the United States,'' said he thought 
Mr. Lindsay had not acted prudently in disre- 
garding the suggestion of an honorable member, 



to forbear to move his resolution. It meant the 
recognition of the Southern States and interven- 
tion by force, which was another word for war 
with America. He had never heard, he said, 
such tremendous issues so raised; he, therefore, 
implored the House not to adopt the resolution. 

Lord A. y. Tempest, who had given notice of 
a resolution, " that it is the duty of her Majesty's 
government to endeavor, cither by itself or in 
combination with other European Powers, by me- 
diation or otherwise, to bring to a termination 
the existing contest in America," said he thought 
the House should not separate without express- 
ing an opinion on the subject of the war. He jus- 
tified the interference of Great Britain on the 
grounds of humanity and of its responsibilities and 
duties. Mediation, however, he thought would be 
worthless unless backed by ulterior measures, 

Mr. W. Foster said that, in his opinion, the 
motion was not calculated to put an end to the 
war, but was more likely to prolong it, and even 
to drag Great Britain into it Was the object of 
the resolution, he asked, mediation or forcible 
interference ? If the former, the less that was 
publicly said about it the better, and the media- 
tor should be considered a friend to both parties ; 
whereas Mr. Lindsay had avowed his partiality 
for the South. Then, if the offer of mediation 
was to be accompanied by a threat, it would be 
justly regarded as an insult, and would aggravate 
the evil. If the North were let alone it was not 
improbable it would find out that the subjugation 
of the South was too hard a task. He insisted 
that the civil strife was a great revolution, that 
tariffs had nothing to do with it, that slavery was 
the real cause of the war, and that it would put 
an end to slavery. He, therefore, advocated the 
principle and policy of non-intervention. 

Mr. Whiteside observed, that although this 
question was difiScult and delicate, that was no 
reason why the House of Commons should not 
express an opinion upon it ; to shrink from doing 
it would be a cowardly proceeding on tfieir part, 
and he thought Mr. Lindsay deserved well of the 
country in giving the government an opportunity 
of making known their sentiments on the sub- 
ject In his opinion the time had come when, 
upon the principles of international law, the 
Southern States, which had so long maintained 
their independence, might be recognized, without 
giving just ground of war or umbrage to the 
North. 

Mr. Gregory contended that though the war 



44 



REBELLION RECORD, 1862. 



[JlTLT 20L 




was for independence on one side, it was not for 
empire but for reyenge on the other, in pursuit 
of which object every other consideration had 
been lost sight of by the North, and he insisted 
that Qreat Britain had a perfect right to endeavor 
to put a stop to such a state of things. 

Mr. S. Fitzgerald moved the adjournment of the 
debate, when — 

Lord Palmerston rose and said he hoped, after 
the length to which the debate had gone, that 
the House would be disposed to come to a deci- 
sion to-night on the motion of the honorable mem- 
ber for Sunderland. The subject they had been 
debating was one of the highest importance, and 
one also of the most delicate character — and he 
could not think that the postponement of the con- 
clusion of the debate could be attended with any 
beneficial result, either one way or the other. 
There could be but one wish on the part of every 
man in the country with respect to the war in 
America, and that was that it should end. He 
might doubt whether any end which could be 
satisfactory, or which could lead to an amicable 
settlement between the two parties was likely to 
be accelerated by angry debates in that House. 
He confessed, therefore, that he regretted that the 
discussion had been brought on, and he should 
earnestly hope that the House would not agree 
to the motion of his honorable firiend, but would 
leave it in the hands of the government to deal 
with the future, content as he believed the coun- 
try was with the manner in which the past had 
been conducted by them. 

Mr. Hopwood said a few words concerning the 
distress of the operatives of Lancashire and Che- 
shire, which, he said, was entirely caused by the 
war in America, and implored the government 
to take some steps to put an end to the misery 
which the struggle was creating not only in 
America but in Europe. 

Mr. Lindsay then asked the permission of the 
House to withdraw his motion, observing that he 
would rest satisfied with the statement of the 
noble lord at the head of tlie go?ormnont, and 
thc^ hoptj which it held out that he » ould take 
th« e^Lrlicst opportunity to bring about a termina- 
tkn of the vrnr. 

The motion waa then witbdravni* 

July III.— An agreement was made this day 

llio Qovcrnm tint of Dentuark and the 

\% of tho Ufiitod States*, wherein the 

ftU O^grocA dciti sored fi*om 

flat prosi^'injtlon of the 



slave-trade, by commanders of United Stat^ ves- 
sels, and to provide them with suitable instruc- 
tion, clothing, and shelter, and to employ them 
at wages, under such regulations as shall be 
agreed upon, for a period not exceeding five 
years from the date of their being landed at St 
Croix, West-Indies." 

— ^Many persons in the city of New-Orleans, 
La., and its vicinity, having ordered their slaves 
" to go to the Yankees," thereby causing much 
annoyance to the National authorities, General 
Butler ordered that all such declarations would 
b^ taken and deemed acts of voluntary emanci- 
pation, and slaves sent away by their masters 
with such declarations, would be regarded and 
treated as manumitted and emancipated. — Fifty- 
three men of the Third Michigan cavalry were 
captured by the rebels near BooHevUle, Miss. 

— ^Laboe and enthusiastic meetings were held 
in Chicago, HI., Louisville, Ky., Fishkill, N. Y., 
and Towanda, Penn., for the purpose of promot- 
ing enlistments into the army, under the call of 
the President At the Louisville meeting a reso- 
lution was adopted requesting the City Council to 
appropriate one hundred thousand dollars for the 
support of the families of volunteers. 

July 20. — A body of cavahry belongmg to Gen. 
King's command, left Fredericksburgh, Va., last 
night at seven o'clock, and, after a forced march, 
made a descent this morning at daylight upon 
the Virginia Central Railroad, at Beaver Dam 
Creek, destroying the railroad and telegraph- 
lines for several miles, and burning the dep6t 
which contained forty thousand rounds of mus- 
ket-ammunition, one hundred barrels of flour, and 
much other valuable material, besides capturing 
the rebel captain who had charge of the property. 
— (Z>oc. 164.) 

— This morning a slight skirmish occurred at 
Orange Court-House, Ya., between a force of 
Union troops under the command of CoL Brod- 
head, First Michigan cavalry, and a body of 
rebels, resulting in the retreat of the latter, and 
the occupation of the town by the Nationals. In 
the evening, the rebels having been strongly re- 
enforced, CoL Brodhead retired, swimming the 
Rapidan River with his command without losing 
a man, and encamped on the bank of that stream 
in full sight of the rebels. 

— Major-General Halleck left St Louis, Mo., 
this evening for Washington. — A skirmish took 
place at Turkey Island Bridge, near Hax&ll 



I 



JnT21] 



DIARY OF EVENTS. 



45 



LindiDg, James Rirer, Ya., between a body of 
rebel pidcets and a squadron of the Eighth Penn- 
syhuua eaTalry, under the command of Gapt P. 
IwDUL^PkiladelpMa Fresi. 

July 21. — A party of National pickets were 
captured on the Lebanon road, five miles firom 
KashTillc, Tcnn., by a body of rebel guerrillas. — 
Three bridges were burned on the Chattanooga 
rotd, within eight miles of NashTill& 

—The first anniversary of the battle of Manas- 
sas WIS celebrated at DilFs farm, at Gen. Whit- 
ing's headquarters, near Richmond, Ya., by the 
Bm Lodge of Masons. A pr session was formed 
at Dill's and marched thence, preceded by a brass 
band, to the farm of Mrs. Schermerhom. Arrived 
there, proceedings were initiated by prayer by 
Rer. Dr. Duncan. An oration, an eulogy on the 
death of the gallant and lamented brother Bar- 
nard E. Bee, Brigadier-General, G.S.A., who fell 
at Manassas, was then deGyered in feeling and 
appropriate language by Rer. Dr. Stewart, an 
Episcopalian clergyman, of Alexandria, Ya., who, 
it will be remembered, was driven from his pulpit 
bj the hirelings of Lincoln for declining to pray 
for that indiyiduaL The procession returned to 
Billys &rm, where the exercises of the day were 
eoochidfid. — Riikmond JHtpatchy July 24. 

— Gekzrai. Botle, commanding United States 
forces in Kentucky, issued an order from his 
headquarters at Louisyille, informing the inhabit- 
ants of the State that no person hostile in opinion 
to the Qoremment, and desiring its OYcrthrow, 
would be allowed to run as a candidate for any 
office in the military district of Kentucky. The 
attempt of such a person to stand for office would 
be regarded as in itself sufficient eyjdence of his 
treasonable intent to wanmnt his arrest. — Oen- 
eral Order No. 5. 

— ^Thb work of recruiting for the Union army, 
under the call of President Lincoln for three hun- 
dred thousand men, issued on the first instant, 
was rapidly progressfhg in all the loyal States of 
the Union. 

— Brigadier-General Ross, of the Union 
army, issued an order from his headquarters at 
Bolivar, Tenn., to all owners of slaves Hying 
within ten miles of his military post, to forward 
to his headquarters three fourths of their male 
slaves, from the age of sixteen to forty-fiye years, 
to aid him in erecting fortifications. — A large and 
enthusiastic meeting was held in Ilomellsyille, 
N. Y.y for the purpose of promoting enlistments 



into the army under the call of President Lincoln 
for more troops. Forty volunteers came forward 
and enroUed their names. 

— ^The rebel steamer Reliance, commanded by 
Lieut Gladding, fit>m Dobay Bar, Ga., with a 
cargo of cotton, was captured by the United 
States steamer Huntsyille. — Official BeporU, 

July 22. — ^Major-General Sherman assumed 
command at Memphis, Tenn. Four hundred 
citizens took the oath of allegiance, and one hun- 
dred and thirty were provided with passes to go 
to the South. — ^General Dix, on the part of the 
United States, and Gen. D. H. Hill, for the rebel 
government, made an arrangement for an imme- 
diate and general exchange of prisoners. — {Dit, 
108.) 

— President Lincoln issued an order in refer- 
ence to foreign residents m the United States. 
The ministers of foreign powers having com- 
plained to the government &at subjects of such 
powers were forced into taking the oath of alle- 
giance, the President ordered that military com- 
manders abstain from imposing such obligations 
in future, but in lieu adopt such other restraints 
as they might deem necessary for the public safety. 

— ^The steamer Geres was fired into by the reb- 
els at a point on the Mississippi, below Yicks- 
burgh, Miss., killing Capt Brooks, of the Seventh 
Yermont regiment, besides inflicting other inju- 
ries. 

— Governor Gamble, of Missouri, in view of 
the existence of numerous bands of guerrillas in 
different parts of that State, who were engaged in 
robbing and murdering peaceable citizens for no 
other cause than that such citizens were loyal to 
the Gof emment under which they had always 
lived, authorized Brig. -Gen. Schofield to organize 
the entire militia of the SUfte into companies, 
regiments, and brigades, and to order into active 
service such portions of the force thus organized 
as be might judge necessary for the purpose of 
putting down all marauders, and defending peace- 
able citizeofi of the State. 

—The effect on the Yankee soldiers of General 
Pope's recent orders to the " Army of the Rap- 
pahannock " is already being felt by the citizens 
of Culpeper. The party who burned the bridge 
over the Rapidan on the thirteenth took hreah- 
faat that m$ming at the T^ouse of Alexander G, 
Taliaferro^ Colonel of the Twenty first Virginia 
regiment On their approach the Colonel was 
at home, and was very near being captured ; but, 



Jvlt25.] 



DIARY OF EVENTS. 



47 



was the sentiment, and liberal aid to the volun- 
teer fund was pledged. — The City Council of 
Philtdelphia appropriated five hundred thousand 
dollars for the payment of bounty of fifty dollars 
to each volunteer to supply the quota for the 
city under the recent call of the President 

—A SKIRMISH took place at Trinity, near Deca- 
tur, Ala., between a small party of Union troops 
nnder the command of Captain Harman, Thirty- 
first Ohio, and a much superior force of rebels, 
resulting in the retreat of the latter with a loss 
of ten or twelve killed and thirty wounded. — 
(Doe. 157.) 

— Ix consequence of the fear entertamed by 
the Irish and other foreign residents of St Louis 
of being forced into the militia service of the 
State, General Schofield issued an order inform- 
ing them that the subjects of foreign powers, 
lawfully pursuing their avocations, were exempt 
from such service. — ^The Union forces stationed 
at Grand Junction, Miss., were withdrawn from 
that place to Bolivar, Tenn. All the public prop- 
&tj and cotton were removed prior to the with- 
drawal 

— Leeutenast-Colonel W. C. Starr, Ninth 
Tirginia infantry, and about eighty of his com- 
mand were surprised and captured at Summer- 
TiUe, Va., by a superior force of rebel cavalry 
under the command of Major Bailey. 

— ^Laboe and enthusiastic meetings were this 
day held at Pittsburgh, Pa., Oswego, N. Y., 
Stamford and Middletown, Conn., to promote en- 
listments into the army under the call of Presi- 
dent Lincoln for additional bt)ops. At the meet- 
ing at Stamford two thousand five hundred dol- 
lars were collected for the families of volunteers, 
and in that of Oswego resolutions were unani- 
mously adopted in iavor of a more vigorous pro- 
secution of the war; the confiscation of rebel 
property ; the employment of the slaves of fugi- 
tire and rebel masters in the military and naval 
forces of the Union, and pledging united and de- 
termined resistance against foreign intervention 
in the affairs of America. The Board of Super- 
Tisors added fifty dollars to the bounty of each 
recruit^ and a number were obtained on the 
spot 

— A ooxpAKT of rebel cavalry entered Glou- 
cester Point, Ya., and captured a number of con- 
traband negroes accumulated there ; set fire to a 
lot of ship-timber, and impressed into the rebel 
army nearly every man capable of bearing arms. 



Parties of rebel cavalry were to be seen in the 
vicinities of Gloucester Point and Williams- 
burgh in quest of plunder, and impressing into 
the rebel service every man who could be of any 
use to them. 

— The Union fleet of gunboats under the com- 
mand of Commodore Farragut, embarked the 
Union army under General Williams at Yicks- 
burgh, and proceeded down the Mississippi to i^ 
Baton Rouge, La. The flotilla of mortar vessels, 
under command of Conmiodore Davis, left its po- 
sition before Vicksburgh, and proceeded up the 
Mississippi to the mouth of the Yazoo River, 
where it came to anchor. 

July 26. — At St Louis, Mo., great excitement 
existed on account of the order of Governor Gam- 
ble, authorizing the enrolment of the State mi- 
litia, — An engagement took place on the Hatchie 
River, near Brownsville, Tenn., between a body 
of rebels, under the conunand of Capt Faulkner, 
and a party of National cavalry, led by Major 
WaUace. 

— Major-Gen. Pope, at Washington, issued 
the following order : 

" Hereafter no guards will be pkced over pri- 
vate houses or private property of any descrip- 
tion whatever. Commanding officers are respon- 
sible for the conduct of the troops under their 
command, and the articles of war and regulations 
of the army provide ample means for restraining 
them to the full extent required for discipline and 
efficiency. Soldiers were called into the field to 
do battle against the enemy, and it is not expect- 
ed that their force and energy shall be wasted in 
the protection of the private property of those 
most hostile to' the government No soldier serv- 
ing in this army shall hereafter be employed in 
such service." 

--The Philadelphia and Reading, Pa., Railroad 
Company, subscribed twenty-five thousand dol- 
lars to aid in raising volunteers. — The rebel 
steamer Cuba arrived at Mobile, Ala., *' firom Ha- 
vana, after an exciting chase by the blockaders." 
— Biehmand Examiner, July 26. 

— President Lincoln, in accordance with the 
sixth section of the act of Congress entitled, ** An 
act to suppress insorrection, to punish treason 
and rebellion, to seize and confiscate the proper- 
ty of rebels, and for other purposes,^' issued a 
proclamation warning all persons to cease partici- 
pating in aiding, countenancing or abetting the 
existing rebellion, or any rebellion, against the 




C'OM. W. D. I'OIVTKR. 



Jolt 25.] 



BIART OP EVENTS. 



47 



was the sentiment, and liberal aid to the volun- 
teer fund was pledged. — The City Council of 
Philadelphia appropriated five hundred thousand 
doUara for the payment of bounty of fifty dollars 
to each volunteer to supply the quota for the 
dtj under the recent call of the President 

—A SKIRMISH took place at Trinity, near Deca- 
tar, Ala., between a small party of Union troops 
ander the command of Captain Harman, Thirty- 
first Ohio, and a much superior force of rebels, 
resulting in the retreat of the latter with a loss 
of ten or twelve killed and thirty wounded. — 
{Doe, 157.) 

^In consequence of the fear entertained by 
the Irish and other foreign residents of St Louis 
of heing forced into the militia service of the 
State, General Schofleld issued an order inform- 
ing them that the subjects of foreign powers, 
lawfully pursuing their avocations, were exempt 
from such service. — ^The Union forces stationed 
at Grand Junction, Miss., were withdrawn from 
that place to Bolivar, Tenn. All the public prop- 
erty and cotton were removed prior to the with- 
drawal 

— LiEUTENAirr-CoLONEL W. C, Starr, Ninth 
Tirginia infantry, and about eighty of his com- 
mand were surprised and captured at Summer- 
TiUe, Va., by a superior force of rebel cavalry 
under the command of Major Bailey. 

— Larob and enthusiastic meetings were this 
day held at Pittsburgh, Pa., Oswego, N. Y., 
Stamford and Middletown, Conn., to promote en- 
listments into the army under the call of Presi- 
dent Lincoln for additional bt)ops. At the meet- 
ing at Stamford two thousand five hundred dol- 
lars were collected for the families of volunteers, 
and in that of Oswego resolutions were unani- 
mously adopted in favor of a more vigorous pro- 
secution of the war; the confiscation of rebel 
property; the employment of the slaves of fugi- 
tive and rebel masters in the military and naval 
forces of the Union, and pledging united and de- 
termined resistance against foreign intervention 
m the afiairs of America. The Board of Super- 
visors added fifty dollars to the bounty of each 
recruit^ and a number were obtained on the 
spot 

— A ooxpANT of rebel cavalry entered Qlou- 
oester Point, Va., and captured a number of con- 
traband negroes accumulated there ; set fire to a 
lot of ship-timber, and impressed into the rebel 
army nearly every man capable of bearing arms. 



Parties of rebel cavalry were to be seen in the 
vicinities of Gloucester Point and Williams- 
burgh in quest of plunder, and impressing into 
the rebel 'service every man who could be of any 
use to them. 

— The Union fleet of gunboats under the com- 
mand of Commodore Farragut, embarked the 
Union army under General Williams at Yicks- 
burgh, and proceeded down the Mississippi to -t> 
Baton Rouge, La. The flotilla of mortar vessels, 
under command of Commodore Davis, left its po- 
sition before Yicksburgh, and proceeded up the 
Mississippi to the mouth of the Yazoo River, 
where it came to anchor. 

July 26. — ^At St Louis, Mo., great excitement 
existed on account of the order of Governor Gam- 
ble, authorizing the enrolment of the State mi- 
litia. — An engagement took place on the Hatchie 
River, near Brownsville, TeniL, between a body 
of rebels, under the command of Capt Faulkner, 
and a party of National cavalry, led by Major 
Wallace. 

— Major-Gen. Pope, at Washington, issued 
the following order : 

" Hereafter no guards will be placed over pri- 
vate houses or private property of any descrip- 
tion whatever. Commanding officers are respon- 
sible for the conduct of the troops under their 
command, and the articles of war and regulations 
of the army provide ample means for restraining 
them to the full extent required for discipline and 
efficiency. Soldiers were called into the field to 
do battle against the enemy, and it is not expect- 
ed that their force and energy shall be wasted in 
the protection of the private property of those 
most hostile to' the government No soldier serv- 
ing in this army shall hereafter be employed in 
such service." 

— The Philadelphia and Reading, Pa., Railroad 
Company, subscribed twenty-five thousand dol- 
lars to aid in raising volunteers. — The rebel 
steamer Cuba arrived at Mobile, Ala., " firom Ha- 
vana, after an exciting chase by the blockaders." 
— Bichmond Examiner^ July 26. 

— President Lincoln, in accordance with tho 
sixth section of the act of Congress entitled, " An 
act to suppress insurrection, to punish treason 
and rebellion, to seize and confiscate the proper- 
ty of rebels, and for other purposes," issued a 
proclamation warning all persons to cease partici- 
pating in aiding, countenancing or abetting the 
existing rebellion, or any rebellion, against the 




n 



Jolt 25.] 



BIART OP EVENTS. 



47 



was the sentiment, and liberal aid to the rolun- 
teer fund was pledged. — The City Council of 
Philadelphia appropriated five hundred thousand 
dollars for the payment of bounty of fifty dollars 
to each volunteer to supply the quota for the 
dtj under the recent call of the President 

^A sKnunsH took place at Trinity, near Deca- 
tur, AhL, between a small party of Union troops 
under the command of Captain Harman, Thirty- 
first Ohio, and a much superior force of rebels, 
resulting in the retreat of the latter with a loss 
of ten or twelve killed and thirty wounded. — 
(Doc. 157.) 

— Ix consequence of the fear entertained by 
the Irish and other foreign residents of St Louis 
of being forced into the militia service of the 
State, General Schofield issued an order inform- 
ing them that the subjects of foreign powers, 
lawfully pursuing their avocations, were exempt 
from such service. — ^The Union forces stationed 
at Grand Junction, Miss., were withdrawn from 
thit place to Bolivar, Tenn. All the public prop- 
erty and cotton were removed prior to the with- 
dnwaL 

— LiETTENAifT-CoLONBL "W. C. Starb, Ninth 
Tlrginia infantry, and about eighty of his com- 
nnnd were surprised and captured at Summer- 
Tille, Ya., by a superior force of rebel cavalry 
under the command of Major Bailey. 

— LuiGB and enthusiastic meetings were this 
day held at Pittsburgh, Pa., Oswego, N. T., 
Stamford and Middletown, Conn., to promote en- 
listments into the army under the call of Presi- 
dent Lincoln for additional bt)ops. At the meet- 
ing at Stamford two thousand five hundred dol- 
lars woe collected for the families of volunteers, 
and in that of Oswego resolutions were unani- 
mously adopted in favor of a more vigorous pro- 
secution of the war; the confiscation of rebel 
property ; the employment of the slaves of fugi- 
tive and rebel masters in the military and naval 
forces of the Union, and pledging united and de- 
termined resistance against foreign intervention 
in the afiairs of America. The Board of Super- 
visors added fifty dollars to the bounty of each 
recmit, and a number were obtained on the 
spot 

— A ooMPAKT of rebel cavalry entered Glou- 
cester Point, Ya., and captured a number of con- 
traband negroes accumulated there ; set fire to a 
lot of ship-timber, and impressed into the rebel 
inny nearly every man capable of bearing arms. 



Parties of rebel cavalry were to be seen in the 
vicinities of Gloucester Point and Williams- 
burgh in quest of plunder, and impressing into 
the rebel service every man who could be of any 
use to them. 

— The Union fleet of gunboats under the com- 
mand of Commodore Farragut, embarked the 
Union army under Greneral Williams at Yicks- 
burgh, and proceeded down the Mississippi to ^ 
Baton Rouge, La. The flotilla of mortar vessels, 
under command of Commodore Davis, left its po- 
sition before Yicksburgh, and proceeded up the 
Mississippi to the mouth of the Yazoo River, 
where it came to anchor. 

July 26. — At St Louis, Mo., great excitement 
existed on account of the order of Governor Gam- 
ble, authorizing the enrolment of the State mi- 
litia. — An engagement took place on the Hatchie 
River, near Brownsville, Tenn., between a body 
of rebels, under the conunand of Capt Faulkner, 
and a party of National cavalry, led by Major 
Wallace 

— Majob-Gen. Popb, at Washington, issued 
the following order : 

** Hereafter no guards will be placed over pri- 
vate houses or private property of any descrip- 
tion whatever. Conmianding officers are respon- 
sible for the conduct of the troops under their 
command, and the articles of war and regulations 
of the army provide ample means for restraining 
them to the full extent required for discipline and 
efficiency. Soldiers were called into the field to 
do battle against the enemy, and it is not expect- 
ed that their force and energy shall be wasted in 
the protection of the private property of those 
most hostile to the government No soldier serv- 
ing in this army shall hereafter be employed in 
such service." 

— Thb Philadelphia and Reading, Pa., Raibt)ad 
Company, subscribed twenty-five thousand dol- 
lars to aid in raising volunteers. — ^The rebel 
steamer Cuba arrived at Mobile, Ala., " firom Ha- 
vana, after an exciting chase by the blockaders." 
— Bichmand Ikaminer^ July 26. 

— President Lincoln, in accordance with the 
sixth section of the act of Congress entitled, " An 
act to suppress insurrection, to punish treason 
and rebellion, to seize and confiscate the proper- 
ty of rebels, and for other purposes," issued a 
proclamation warning all persons to cease partici- 
pating in aiding, countenancing or abetting the 
existing rebellion, or any rebellion, against the 



48 



BEBELUON BBOORD, 1862. 



[JULT 27. 



gOTemment of the United States, and to return 
to their proper allegiance to the United States, on 
pain of the forfeitures and seizures as hy said 
sixth section provided.— (i>0C. 168.) 

— Two companies of Union troops, under the 
command of Captain Dayidson, while guarding 
the bridge at Courtland, Ala., were completely 
surprised and captured by a force of rebel cayal- 
ry.—ilhe. 159.) 

— A MSBTiNO of Irish dtizens and residents of 
Si Louis, Mo., was held in that dty for the pur- 
pose of denouncing the conduct of such of their 
countrymen as had attempted to avoid the oper- 
ation of the Governor's proclamation for troops 
to serve the State, by appealing to the British 
Consul for protection, as cowardly, base, and in- 
fiunous. 

— A SKiBinsH took place near Orange Court- 
House, Va*, between a reconnoitring party of 
Union troops under the command of General Gib- 
son, and a body of rebels, resulting in the retreat 
of the latter with a loss of five men killed, several 
wounded and some prisoners. — Lai^ meetings 
were held at Coming and Ithaca, N. Y., to pro- 
mote enlistments into the army under the call of 
the President for additional troops. 

July 26. — ^Madison Court-House, Va., was oc- 
cupied by the First cavaliy of Connecticut, a por- 
tion of General Sigel's advance, after a slight 
skirmish with the rebel cavalry under Robertson, 
who were driven out of the town. — Prominent 
citizens of Hayward County, Tenn., were captur- 
ed by the rebel guerrillas for selling cotton.— The 
Union transport schooner Louisa Reeves, of New- 
York, laden with forage for the army of the Po- 
tomac, was this day captured and burned by a 
party of rebel troops, at Coggins*s Point, James 
River, Va. 

— ^A SKiKMisB took place near Patten, Missouri, 
between a company of the Tenth battalion of State 
militia, under Major Chevreaux, and two hun- 
dred guerrillas, in which the latter were defeated 
and put to flight, with a loss of twenty-five killed 
and wounded. The National loss was three 
wounded.— /S^t. Louia NewBy July 29. 

— ^Yestebdat the towns of Van Buren, Lysan- 
der and Marcellus, N. Y., subscribed four thou- 
sand five hundred dollars to aid in raising a regi- 
ment under the call of President Lincoln for more 
troops, issued on the first instant, and to-day the 
Salt Company of Onondaga, N. Y., subscribed ten 
thousand dollars for the same purpose; 



— A SLioHT skirmish occuired near Young's 
Cross-Roads, at the head of White Oak River, 
N. C, between a reconnoitring party of Union 
tit)ops, under Colonel Heckman, of the Ninth 
New-Jersey regiment, and a body of rebel caval- 
ry, numbcdng about two hundred men, which 
resulted in the complete defeat of the rebels. * 

— Yestbrdat a skirmish took place near the 
Mountain Store, about twenty miles fit>m Hous- 
ton, Missouri, between a body of •Union troops 
under the command of Captain Bradway, Third 
Missouri cavaliy, and a force of rebel guerrillas 
under Colonel Coleman, resulting in the retreat 
of the latter towards the Big Piney River, where 
they were encountered to-day by the same party 
of Unionists, and after a sharp fight, were com- 
pletely routed. In these two skirmishes the 
rebels had five men killed and twelve wounded. 
The Union party were uninjured.— (i^«. 161.) 

— Labob and enthusiastic meetings were held 
in Philadelphia, Pa., and Wheeling, Ya., for the 
purpose of promoting enlistments into the army 
under the call of President Lincoln for more 
troops. In the meeting at Philadelphia, resolu- 
tions were unanimously adopted recommending 
the employment of all the power and means the 
Executive could command to put down the rebel- 
lion ; thanking President Lincoln for the change 
in policy in the treatment of the property of reb- 
els ; pledging the Government their earnest sup- 
port in resisting any foreign interference, and re- 
commending every able-bodied citizen to unite 
himself to some military organization, to be ready 
for any emergency. A large amount of money 
was subscribed to the bounty fund. In the meet- 
ing at Wheeling a memorial was adopted, praying 
the County Court to make a levy of twenty tiiou- 
sand dollars to aid volunteering. 

July 27. — Two rebel schooners were captured 
up the Chipoaks Creek, James River, near Clare- 
mont, Va., by a boat expedition under the com- 
mand of Lieutenant Gibson of the United States 
gunboat Yankee, and brought out of the creek # 
without molestation, although a force of rebel 
cavalry was stationed only three quarters of a 
mile distant — Official EeporU 

— A BEcoNNOiTEiNO expedition, consisting of 
the United States gunboats Paul Jones, Unadilla, 
Huron and Madgie, left Savannah bay and pro- 
ceeded up the Ogeechee River, Ga., until they 
arrived near Fort James, the strength of which 
they discovered by bombarding it for about two 



ivLi 28.] 



DIARY OF EVENTS. 



49 



hoorS) when they returned to their former an- 
chorage. — ^A number of young ladies of New-Al- 
banj, Indianai proposed to act as clerks and 
ttlesmen for the young men of that place who 
would enlist, and giro them half their salaries 
while they are absent, and surrender their posi- 
tiona to them on their return. 

•^BicHXOKB, Ky., was visited by a band of 
g;aerri]]as, under John Morgan, who plundered 
the stores, houses, and stables of the Union men 
of the place; — Siehnwnd itd^Mrigei^^ Auguit 1. 

July 28. — General Grant ordered Gen, Sher- 
man to take possesion of all unoccupied dwell- 
ings, stores, and manu&ctories, in Memphis, 
TetuL, and also to collect th^ rents of such pro- 
perty for the tJnited States GoVerhinentj t^hferb 
the owners wete rebels absent froth the pla^Je. — 
rnion meetings were held at Stirlttigtoiij Vi, 
wd Baltimore, Md. At the latter Gov. Bradford 
presided, and delivered a speech, advocating the 
caase of the Government and the Constitution. 
Resolutions were adopted expressing patriotic de- 
Todon to the Union, invoking the young men of 
the State to tender their services to the Govern- 
ment to fill up Maryland's quota ; approving thS 
policy of the confiscation of the property of the 
leaders of tiie rebellion, and declaring the slaves 
of every rebel free frxnn all obligations to obey 
those who refuse to obey the laws. 

—Is reply to a letter written by Mr. Seward 
to the American Minister at London, Earl Russell 
sent a despatch to the British Minister at Wash, 
iogton, in which he said : 

**From the moment that intelligence first 
reached this country, that nine States and sev- 
eral millions of inhabitants of the great American 
Union had seceded, and had made war on the 
Government of President Lincoln, down to the 
present time, her Majesty's Government have 
pursued a friendly, open, and consistent course. 
They have been neutral between the two parties 
to a civil war. 

^ Neither the loss of raw material of manu&c- 
tore, so necessary to a great portion of our people, 
DOT insults constantly heaped upon the British 
oaaie in speeches and newspapers, nor a rigor, 
beyond the usual practice of nations, with which 
the Queen's subjects, attempting to break loose 
from the blockade of the Southern ports, have 
been treated — have induced her Majesty's gov- 
ernment to swerve an inch from an impartial 
fieutrality. 

Vwk v.— DiABT 4 



** At this moment they have nothing more at 
heart than to see that consummation which the 
President speaks of in his answer to the Govern- 
ors of eighteen States, namely, * the bringing of 
this unnecessary and injurious civil war to Q 
speedy and satisfactory conclusion.' " 

— ^A FIGHT took place near Bayou Barnard, 
Cherokee Nation, between a force of Union 
troops, under the command of CoL Phillips, and 
a body of rebels ymi&i Cd. ¥aylor, resulting in 
the iitter i*0ut 6t the latter with great loss. The 
rebels had one hundred and twenty-five men 
killed, including Colonel Taylor.— (i><w. 162.) 

— Great excitement pervaded the town of Par- 
kersburgh, y&, caused by the report that a band 
of guerrillas was about to attack the town; The 
repoH was without fbundatioU} biit the citiaens 
were so terrified that they tore up the flooring of 
the bridge across the Little Kanawha, and planted 
a cannon at their end of it The City Council 
held a Aeeting and appointed a committee to go 
out with a flag of truce, and prevail upon the ma- 
rauders not to bum the town. The money in the 
bank was removed to Marietta, Ohio. Numbers 
of persons fled from the town, and crossed over 
into Ohio. 

^Thb office of the Si Croix SeraU, in St 
Stephens, N. B., was again visited by a mob, and 
the work of destruction this time is nearly com- 
plete. Most of the type was knocked mto " pi," 
the press injured, and much of the material was 
scattered outside, and thrown into the river. The 
Herald is about the only newspaper in New- 
Brunswick that has advocated the Union cause. 
— Boston Journal^ July 80. 

— Colonel Guttas, of the Ninth Missouri regi- 
ment, reenforced by Lieut-Col. Shaffer and Major 
Clopper, of Merrill's Horse, and Major Caldwell, 
of the Third Iowa cavalry, six hundred and fifty 
strong, were attacked at Moore's Mills, seven 
miles east of Fulton, Mo., this day, by the rebels 
Porter and Cobb, nine hundred strong, and after 
fighting till after four o'clock p.m., the rebels were 
completely routed, with a loss of from seventy- 
five to one hundred killed and wounded, and one- 
taken prisoner. Colonel Guitar reports a loss of 
forty-five killed and wounded. He captured 
guns, ammunition, baggage, etc., in profusion. 
The officers and men behaved splendidly. Col: 
Guitar resumed the pursuit, and followed them 
over the Jordan.— (i?<>c. 168.) 



50 



BEBBLLIOK RECORD, 1862. 



[JULT 30. 



— Jerbxiah Hot, one of the band of rebel 
guerrillas oommanded by Quantrel, was shot at 
Fort Leavenworth for murder and treason. — 
Leaoenteorth Conservative^ July 29. 

July 29. — ^Major-General Pope, accompanied by 
his staff, left Washington for the headquarters of 
his army in the field. Before his departure he 
ordered that passes to the lines of his forces 
should not be granted to others than those hav- 
ing official business there.— John Johnson, an 
alleged rebel officer from New-Orleans, was ar- 
rested at Rozbury, Mas&, and committed to pri- 
son.— The English brig Napier was captured by 
the United States steamer Mystic, whiKendeav- 
oring to run the blockade of Wilmington, N. 0. 

— A SKIRMISH took place at Mount Stirling, 
Ky., between a number of the citizens of that 
place and a force of about two hundred and forty 
rebel guerrillas, resulting in a complete rout of 
the latter, with a loss of about seventy-five of 
their number in killed, wounded, and nrisoners. 
—(Doc 164.) ^ 

— A nQHT occurred near Bollinger's Mills, Mo., 
between a force of Union troops, under the com- 
mand of Captain Whybank, and a body of rebel 
guerrillas, under Major Tenley, resulting in the 
defeat of the rebels, with a loss of ten killed and 
a number wounded. The Unionists also cap- 
tured a number of guns, horses, etc. — (Doe. 161.) 

— General Pope and his staff arrived at War- 
ronton, Ya., at noon, creating great consternation 
among the secessionists, nearly all of whom had 
taken the rebel oath of allegiance, and insisted 
that Gen. Pope dared not carry out the intentions 
declared in his proclamations. — Col. Lloyd, of 
the Sixth Ohio cavalry, in pursuance of General 
Pope's order, arrested all the male inhabitants of 
Luray, Ya., and lodged them in the court-house 
preparatory to administering the oath of alle- 
giance. 

— ^Thb rebel batteries at Genesis Point, on the 
Ogeechee River, Georgia, were sheUed by the Na- 
tional gunboats. — Savannah Bepublicar^ July 80. 

— ^RussBLLViLLB, Ky., was this day captured 
by a band of rebel guerrillas, under CoL Gano. 
The town was defended by the home guard, but 
they were overpowered by superior forceu Sev- 
al of their number were killed and one wounded. 
— ^Large meetings were held at Bath, N. Y., and 
Rutland, Yt, for the purpose of promoting en- 
listments into the army, under the call of Presi- 
dent Lincoln for three hundred thousand addi- 



tional troops. At Batb two thousand dollars 
were raised to aid volunteering. 

— ^A DETACHMENT of Uuiou cavalry, under the 
command of Captain Dollin, attacked a force of 
rebels, numbering about eighty, near Browns- 
ville, Tenn., and captured forty of them. The 
rebels were afterwards reinforced, and recaptured 
twenty-nine men and fourteen horses. The Na- 
tional loss was four killed and six wounded ; the 
rebel loss was about the same. 

July 80. — ^The rebel Colonel, John H. Moipm, 
reported to Major-General K Kirby Smith, com- 
manding department of East-Tennessee, the re- 
sult of his expedition into Kentucky. He left 
Knoxville, Tenn., on the fouilh, with about nine 
hundred men, and returned to Livingston, in the 
same State, on the twenty-eighth instant, with 
nearly twelve hundred men, having been absent 
twenty-four days, during which time he travelled 
over a thousand miles, captured seventeen towns, 
destroyed the Government supplies and arms in 
them, dispersed about fifteen hundred home 
guards, and paroled nearly twelve hundred regu- 
lar troops. He lost in killed, wounded, and miss- 
jng, of the number that he carried into Kentucky, 
about ninety. — (See Supplement.) 

— The bells contributed to the rebel govern- 
ment, by th)S churches, planters, and others, to 
be cast into cannon, and seized by Gen. Butler 
at New-Orleans, were sold at auction in Boston, 
Massachusetts. 

— The Bishop of Oxford, England, addressed 
a letter to the archdeacons in his diocese, direct* 
ing them to instruct their clergy as follows : 

" You are earnestly desired to make your sup- 
plications to Almighty God, who is the author of 
peace and lover of concord, that he will promote 
peace among our brethren in America, and inspire 
their hearts with Christian unity and fellowship.*' 

— John R. Lee, Acting Master of tho United 
States steamer £. B. Hale, with a party from that 
vessel ascended Todd Creek, Ga., and destroyed 
a salt manufiictoiy in successful operation on the 
pkntation of H. H. Floyd. 

— ^A BAND of guerrillas under the lead of Joe 
Thompson, (many of whom had taken the oath 
and given bond,) entered Paris, Ky., cut down 
the flag-pole, took the Sheriff and the clerks of 
the Circuit and County Courts prisoners, forced 
the keys of the jail from the Jailer, set at liberty 
a man who was indicted for murder in the first 
d^ree, demanded of the Sheriff the warrant of 



AUOCST 1.] 



DIARY OP EVENTS. 



61 



commitment and all the money which he had col- 
lected for taxes, but he having disposed of it^ 
they got none. They took the two clerks to the 
jail, in a room of which was the Clerk* s office, 
and forced the Clerk of the Circuit Court to de- 
liver such indictments as Joe Thompson wanted. 
They took from some of the stores such goods 
as suited them, amounting to hundreds of dol- 
lars, pressed a wagon, and then loaded it and 
drove it off, forced the people to deliver their 
money, furnish them supper, etc. About nighr 
some four hundred joined them, also taking sup- 
per. After dark they led, taking off one prisoner. 
They were followed by a party of the Ninth 
Pennsylvania cavalry, under Lieutenant-Colonel 
James^ who overtook them, killing twenty-seven 
and capturing thirty-nine, thirty of whom were 
wounded — Louiwille Journal, 

— Ay attempt to capture the steam-tug Achilles,^ 
lying off Harrison's Landing, on the James River, 
Va, was made by a party of rebels from the 
south side of the river, but they were driven off. 

July 31. — ^The Secretary of War issued an 
order revoking all furloughs and leaves of ab- 
sence from the army, except those given by the 
War Department, on Monday, the eleventh day 
of August^ and ordering all officers capable of 
service to join their regiments forthwith, under 
penalty of dismissal from the service or court- 
martial On Monday, the eighteenth August, 
each regiment and corps would be mustered, the 
absentees would be marked, and if not appearing 
within forty-eight hours would be dismissed from 
the service or treated as deserters. 

— Several vessels belonging to the mortar- 
fleet, under the command of Commodore Porter, 
arrived at Fortress Monroe, Ya., having left the 
south-west pass of the Mississippi on the seven- 
teenth of the month. — ^The rebel steamer Mem- 
pbu« was captured by the United States gunboat 
Magnolia, she having run the blockade of Charles- 
ton, 8. C, on the night of the twenty-seventh. 
—Simeon Draper, of New-York, was appointed 
by the War Department a Special Commissioner 
to superintend the execution of the order respect- 
ing officers and privates absent from the army of 
United States. 

—Large and enthusiastic meetings were held 
in Milwaukee, Wis., Bergen, N. J., and Cincin- 
nati, O., to promote enlistments into tho army 
under the call of President Lincoln, for additional 
troops Patriotic speeches were made and reso- 



lutions adopted, sustaining the Qovemment in a 
more vigorous prosecution of the war, recom-' 
mending the confiscation of the property of trai- 
tors everywhere, expressing unalterable opposi- 
tion to compromise with rebels or traitors, and 
that they would sustain the Government in re- 
sisting hostile foreign intervention. 

Auffttst 1. — At about one o'clock this mo| ning 
the rebels opened fire from their batteries sta- 
tioned at Coggings Point, opposite Harrison's 
Landing, Ya., upon the Union army under Gen. 
McClellan and the gunboat fleet on the James 
River. After a brisk fire from the fleet, and land 
batteries, of nearly two hours' duration, the rebel 
batteries were completely silenced. The rebels 
lost one killed and nine wounded — Doe. 165. 

— James D. Fessenden, Colonel Commanding 
the First regiment of South-Carolina volunteers, 
at Drayton's, S. C, issued the following regimental 
order: 

** The Colonel Commanding takes pleasure in 
announcing that free papers will soon be issued 
to those faithful soldiers who have steadfastly 
stood by their colors and performed with willing- 
ness and alacrity the duties of a soldier. They 
have shown by their prompt and willing obe- 
dience to the orders of their officers, and by their 
fidelity in the discharge of the various duties of 
camp, that they deserve to be free ; and the Col- 
onel Commanding hopes that their conduct here- 
after will justify the exercise of the authority 
which has made them free men.'"^ 

— A PARTV of rebels, under the guerrilla Dunn, 
attacked Canton, Mo., to day, and shot a man 
named William Craig, in order to get possession 
of some rifles stored in his warehouse. They 
then took possession of the rifles, and plundered 
all the stores in the place. 

— John H. Winder, the rebel General, issued 
the following from his headquarters at Richmond, 
Ya. : " The obtaining of substitutes through the 
medium of agents is strictly forbidden. When 
such agents are employed, the principal, the sub- 
stitute^ and the agent will be impressed into the 

^ The following U & copy of one of the " free papert*' iasaed 
to the colored loldien : 

HBADQUAKTBES DBPARTinWT OF TBI SOITTH, ) 

Post Rotal« & 0., Augtwi 1, ISO'i. f 
The beerer. Prince Rirera, » terKeant in First regiment South- 
Carolina Tolanteers, lately claimed ai a slave, having been em- 
ployed In hostility to the United States, is hereby, agreeably to 
tlie Uir of the lixth of August, 1S61, declared raai roa arn. 
Ilia wife and diildren are also free. D. Uuxm, 

Major-General Commanding. 



52 



REBELUOK BECOBD, 1862. 



[AuousT 2. 



military seirioe, and the money paid for the sub- 
stitute, and as a reward to the agent, will be con- 
fiscated to the goyernment The oflender will 
also be subjected to such other punishment as 
may be imposed by a court-martial." 

— ^Tms evening the Yankees infesting the 
waters of James River, landed at " Haycock's," 
the elegant remdence of Mrs. Dr. Wm. Cole, and 
set fire to the dwelling and all the outhouses, 
which were completely destroyed. Mrs. Cole 
and her children were absent at the house of a 
neighbor, but her comfortable home, and all the 
furniture it contained, has &llen a prey to Yan- 
kee madness and malignity. The dwelling at 
Haycocks was one of the handsomest specimens 
of cottage architecture on James lUver, nearly 
new, and cost some fifteen thousand dollars. — 
Sichnumd Enquirer^ August 5. 

* — Six hundred Union troops crossed the James 
River at Harrison's Landing, and destroyed all 
the houses at that point After accomplishing 
their object they returned to the Landing with- 
out losing a man. — The oath of allegiance to 
the United States was this day administered to 
the employes in the Qovemment Navy- Yard, at 
Brooklyn, N. Y. A few of the men refused to 
subscribe the oath, and were dismissed from the 
service. 

— ^A riOBT took place at Newark, Ha, between 
a company of the State militia, under the com- 
mand of Captain Lair, and a superior force <^ 
rebel guerrillas, under Colonel Porter. The fight 
lasted about two hours, the Nationals taking re- 
fuge in the houses, firom whence they killed a 
laige number of their enemies, but the rebels 
threatened to bum them out, and they surren- 
dered. The rebels captured about one hundred 
guns, a large number of horses, a quantity of 
commissary stores, a number of tents, and eight 
or ten thousand rounds of cartridges.^Z>atf. 166.) 

— ^A SBR(BS of skiimishes occuned along the 
Rapidan River, in the vicinity of Orange Court- 
House^ Ya., between a reconnoitring party of 
National tro<^ under the command of General 
Bayard, and a force of rebds, resulting in the re- 
treat of the latter. 

— ^Ybstkroat Jeff Davis sent a letter to Gen- 
eral Lee, of the rebel army, inclosing an order 
dated tlus day, whidi reo^pitulated, first, the 
'*-**^ of President Lincoln, issued on the twenty- 
July, wherein the commanders of the 
'Um United States were Erected to sdxe 



and use any propw ly within the rebel States 
which might be necessary or convenient for their 
several commands ; second, the order issued by 
General Pope on the twenty-third July, direct- 
ing commanders of army corps, divisions, bri- 
gades, and detached commands, to arrest all 
rebels within their lines, and such as would not 
take the oath of all^iance to the United States 
to be sent South, and those having violated the 
oath to be shot, and their property seized and 
applied to the public use ; and third, the order 
issued on the thirteenth July, by General Stein- 
wehr, directing five prominent citizens of Page 
County, Ya., to be hdd as hostages, and to sufier 
death in the event of any of his command being 
shot by bushwhackers. On account of these 
orders it was decUred in that now issued by Jeff 
Davis that Generals Pope and Steinwehr were 
not to be considered as soldiers, and therefore 
not entitled, in case they should be captured, to 
the benefit of parole of prisoners of war, but that 
they, or any commissioned officer serving under 
them taken captive, should be held in close con- 
finement so long as the above orders of the 
United States should continue in force. The 
order further declared that in the event of any 
rebels being executed by virtue or under the pre- 
text of the above orders, whether with or with- 
out trial, or under the pretence of being spies or 
hostages, or any other pretence, it should be the 
duty of the (xeneral commanding the rebel forces 
to hang an equal number of the Union eommis- 
sioned officers who might happen to be prisoners 
of war in his hands. 

AugvMt 2. — ^A woman named BeUe Boyd, who 
had been acting as a rebd spy and mail-carrier to 
Richmond, firom points within the lines of the 
Union army of the Potomac, was captured near 
Warrenton, Ta., and sent to the old Capitol pris- 
on at Washington. — Gen. Butler transmitted t& 
the Secretary fA War copies of a oorresponden.ee 
between himself and Gen. Phelps, in relation to 
the military employmoit of the n^;roeg of Louisr 



— ^This morning at daylight a band of one hun- 
dred and twenty-five rebels attacked seventy-five 
National troops at Onric, Ha The oomsiander 
of the troops, Capt Birch, having been apprised 
of the meditated attack, abandoned his camp and 
witlidrew into the brush. Soon afterward the 
rebel commander called on him to surrender, but 
received a volley of musket-baUs for a reply. 
Upon this the rebels fled, leaving most of their 



Arocsr 4.] 



DURY or EYENTa 



68 



anns, tbeir nraster-roUs, and oorrespondence. — 
{Doe. 167.) 

— Thb bark Harriet Ralli, the first French ves- 
sel captured since the commencement of the re- 
bdlion, arrired at New-Tork, from Kew-Orleans, 
There she was seized by Gen. Butler a short time 
after the city was occupied by the National forces. 
—Large war meetings were held at Lancaster, 
Pa^ and Pittsfield, Mass. At the latter a bounty 
of ten thousand two himdred dollars was voted. 

— Thb Norfolk, Ya., Union newspaper was this 
day suppressed, for publishing a burlesque pro- 
damation, calculated to bring Commodore Qolds- 
borough into ridicule. 

—A SHARP fight took place at Orange Court- 
Hoase, Ya., between a reconnoitring party of 
Union troops, under the command of Gen. Craw- 
ford, and a force of rebels, resulting in the flight 
of Uie latter. The Unionists had four men killed 
and twelve wounded.— (/><>& 168.) 

Aiigtut 8. — General Sherman, commanding 
United States forces at Memphis, Tenn., issued 
an order directing that all able-bodied negroes 
who might apply for work on Fort Pickering or 
other Goveniment woric, should be received and 
onployed by the proper ofiSoer in charge. Such 
negroes would be supplied with rations, necessary 
dothing and tobaooa An account would be 
<^>ened with each individual, and his wages would 
be charged with the value of the clothing and the 
tobacco; but no wages would be paid until the 
courts determined whether the negro was slave or 
fre& 

— ^Ths British propeller Columbia, with a cargo 
of twelve Armstrong guns and equipments, seve- 
ral thousand Enfield rifles, and various other mu- 
nitions of war, was captured, alter a chase of seven 
hours, off the Bahamas, by the United States 
steamer Santiago de Cuba. — ^The town of Alexan- 
dria, Mo., was this day entered by a band of rebel 
guerrillas, who pillaged the Union stores of all 
their arms and ammunition. — The schooner 
Aqoilla was captured by the United States gun- 
boat Huron, while attempting to run the blockade 
of Charleston, S. C. 

—A SECOKHOI8SANCB was made by a force of 
Union troops, under the command of Col. Aver- 
ni, from the James River to within fourteen miles 
of Petersbuiigh, Ya. When about five miles from 
Cox's River, they encountered the Thirteenth 
Virginia cavalry, drawn up in line. The Union 
tro(^ chaiged upon them, when they broke and 



ran for their encampment at Sycamore Church, a 
distance of two and a half miles, where they again 
formed, but were again put to flight, leaving be- 
hind them all their camp equipage and commis- 
sary stores, which the Union troops gathered to- 
gether and burned. The rebels had six men 
wounded and two taken prisoners. The Union 
loss was one horse killed. After scouring the 
country in that neighborhood, the Unionists re- 
turned to their encampment on the James River. 

August 4. — Qea, James H. Lane, having been 
appointed by the Grovemment to raise and organ- 
ize an army in the Department of Kansas, issued 
a proclamation from his headquarters at Leaven- 
worth City, calling upon the inhabitants of Kan- 
sas, Nebraska, Coloriido, and Dakota to aid him 
in the work by f olunteering into its ranks. 

— In England an important debate took place 
in the House of Lords, on the propriety of recog- 
nizing the Southern Confederacy. 

— GovEBNOR Spraoux, of Rhode Island, issued 
an order calling upon the colored citizens to en- 
list into the Sixth regiment of that State, then 
forming. The regiment was to be composed en- 
tirely of colored persons. 

— ^A sKiRKisH took place near Sparta, Tenn., 
between a small party of Union troops, under the 
command of Col Wynkoop, and a superior force 
of rebels, resulting, after a fight of nearly an 
hour's duration, in the retreat of the Nationals. 
—(Doe. 169.) 

— ^Enthusiastic war meetings were held at 
Providence, R. L, and Erie, Pa. — Great excite- 
ment existed in the Union fleet at Port Royal, 
S. C., in expectation of the rebel ram Georgia 
making her appearance among them. 

— An order directing '*that a draft of three 
hundred thousand militia be immediately called 
into the service of the United States, to servo for 
nine months, unless sooner discharged,'* was this 
day issued from the War Department — (Doe, 
170.) 

— In order to provide for the suffering poor of 
New- Orleans, Gen. Butler issued an order assess- 
ing the secessionists of that cify, who subscribed 
to the rebel defence fund, and the cotton brokers 
who counselled the planters not to bring their sta- 
ple to market The amount assessed was three 
hundred and forty-one thousand nine hundred and 
sixteen dollars. The Citizens' Bank of Louisiana, 
which subscribed three hundred and six thou- 
sand four hundred dollars to the defence fUnd, 



54 



REBELLION RECORD, 1862. 



[August 6. 



wafl assessed seyenty-six thousand six hundred 
doWaxs.-— General Order No, 56. 

—A FIGHT took place on the White River, Mo., 
forty miles from Forsyth, between Col. Lawther 
and his band of rebels and a party of National 
troops, under the command of Capt Birch, of the 
Fourteenth Missouri State troops, resulting in the 
defeat of the rebels, with a loss of three killed and 
seven wounded. 

Ayguit 6. — ^Recruiting for the old and new 
re^ments under the call of President Lincoln for 
three hundred thousand men was carried on with 
the greatest success throughout the North, the 
citizens of every loyal State vieing with each 
other in their endeavor to support the Govern- 
ment — ^The War Department ordered, that the 
use of the telegraph-lines being required for mili- 
tary purposes, all persons actually employed in 
constructing and operating telegn^h-lines at the 
date of the order calling for three hundred thou- 
sand men, be exempt from military duty so long 
as they remain in such service. 

— -Thb battle of Baton Rouge, La., was fought 
this day between a large force of rebels under the 
command of Gen. John C. Breckinridge and the 
Union forces under Brig. -Gen. Thomas Williams. 
The rebels made the attack at daylight, when 
a severe engagement ensued, and the National 
troops were driven from their position ; soon after, 
however, they rallied and compelled the rebels 
to retreat, leaving their dead and wounded on the 
field.— (2?oc. 91.) 

—A FIGHT took place at Malvern Hill, Va., be- 
tween a reconnoitring force of Union troops under 
the command of Gen. Hooker, and a body of rebels 
stationed on the hill. The fight lasted for nearly 
two hours, when the rebels retired, taking with 
them their field-pieces, and leaving the Nationals 
in possession of the position. — {Doe, 171.) 

August 6. — CoL Thomas 0. Johnson, aid to 
the rebel Gen. Price, at Quitman, Miss., issued 
the following call to the people of that State : 

" I am in your midst for the purpose of procur- 
ing shoes and yarn-socks for Gen. Price^s army. 
Some of his veterans — men who have been in six 
or eight pitched battles and twenty skirmishes — 
are to-day destitute of these two articles, neces- 
sary even in camp, but indispensable when the 
army takes the field. As this army now guards 
the gates to the entrance of the Mississippi, pre- 
liminary to driving the enemy northward, Gen. 
Price desires that the patriotic men of this State 



should furnish the shoes, and her glorious women 
the yarn-socks. If possible, he would like every 
white woman in the State to knit at least one pair 
of socks for his army. While I make this appeal, 
I think it is proper to add, that I do not ask a do- 
nation, but am prepared to pay a liberal price for 
both shoes and yarn-socks. I shall be pleased to 
contract with tanners and shoe-manufacturers for 
shoes now on hand, or to be made hereafter ; and 
will be obliged to any person who will let me 
know where I can make contracts. 

" For socks, all yarn, white or colored, of good 
size and length in the leg and foot, I will pay sev- 
enty-five cents per pair. They may be sent to 
me or Dr. France at this place, where they will 
be paid for, or may be left with the station-agent 
of the nearest dep6fc of any of the three railroads 
now in our possession, and some time soon I will 
call or send an agent to get them and pay for 
them." 

— At Point Pleasant, Mo., a skirmish occurred 
between the citizens of that place and the State 
troops, on account of a difficulty growing out of 
the enrolment act — A large war meeting was held 
at Scranton, Pa., at which speeches were made 
by Galusha A. Grow and W. W. Ketchum.— A 
skirmish took place near Montevallo, Mo., between 
a force of Union troops under the command of 
Major Montgolhery, and a small party of rebel 
guerrillas, resulting in the rout of the latter with 
great loss. — Springfield {Mo,) Journal^ Aug, 11. 

— ^W. D. Porter, commanding a division of the 
Mississippi gunboat flotilla, with the gunboat 
Essex, attacked the rebel iron-clad Arkansas, at 
a point about four miles above Baton Rouge, La., 
and after a short engagement succeeded in de- 
stroying her. — {Dop, 91.) 

— Charles A. Carroll, a rebel colonel com- 
manding North-west Arkansas, at Fort Smith, 
issued general orders compelling all persons in 
the counties of Benton, Washington, Madison, 
Carroll, and Newton, between the ages of eighteen 
and thirty-five to attach themselves at once to the 
companies raised by him, and declaring *' that the 
oaths administered by the Federals were without 
legal authority, having no binding efficacy with 
any civilized people ; and a citizen who would 
think of r^arding such iniquitous oaths would 
be as infamous as those who administered them ; 
and any such would be dealt with as they deserve, 
understanding at the same time, that the confed- 
erate officers everywhere would protect citizens 




HHIGC^,EK .I.U1i:S S.WAI)S\\r)[;ri 



11 



..M^ ,.^» w.Mv*a. ^^'vv. Ai A.y I abiiU OWtiUltOeU pAAalMMU'S* 



Adcubt 7.] 



DIARY OF BVENTa 



65 



in this their first duty to their country by every 
means of rettliation necessary to the end in view.'* 
^General Orden. 

—At Harrisburgh, Pa., Gen. Wadsworth, by 
Erection of the War Department, arrested the 
editors and publishers of the Patriot arid Union, 
charged with issuing treasonable posters, calcu- 
lated to retard and embarrass recruiting through- 
out PennsyWania. 

— ^Biugadieb-Gexbral Robert L. McGook, died 
from vounds received from a party of guerrillas, 
who attacked him while proceeding in an ambu- 
lance from Athens, Ala., to the National camp 
Dear Dechard, Tenn.— {i)a<?. 172.) 

— ^A BEcovifoissAKCE was made from General 
Bomside's army by two forces, one under com- 
mand of Gen. Gibbon, and the other under Act- 
ing Brig. -Gen. Cutler, for the purpose of breaking 
the railroad communication with Richmond, Va. 
The first advanced as far as the Mattapony River, 
where they were met by a force of Gen. Stuart's 
rebel cavalry, when a skirmish ensued, resulting in 
the retreat of the rebels. Gen. Hatch having joined 
Gen. Gibbon, the two forces crossed the river and 
advanced seven miles, but learning that a large 
rebel force was on his right, and fearing lest he 
should be cut o^ Gen. Gibbon retraced his steps 
and returned to camp without having accom- 
plished the object for which he was sent The 
culomn under Gen. Cutler was more successful. 
It advanced to Frederickshall Station, and tore 
up a secticfi of the railroad, destroyed th6 water- 
tanks, five thousand bushels of grain and a quan- 
tity of whisky ; cut thp telegraph-wires and blew 
up the road-bed. One detachment was sent above 
and another below the station, both doing great 
damage. On returning to camp, a large bridge 
on the Pamunky River was burned to prevent 
the rebels from following. The expedition was 
considered satisfactory, and returned to camp 
with a loss of one killed and seventy-two taken 
prisoners. ^ 

— Yestesdat and to-day a series of sharp skir- 
mishes occurred near Tazewell, Tenn., between a 
body of Union troops under the command of Col. 
De Courcey, and a superior force of rebels, result- 
ing on each occasion, in a repulse of the latter 
with considerable loss. — (Doe, 178.) 

— An enthusiastic war meeting was held at 
Washington, D. C, at which patriotic resolutions 
were adopted and speeches made by President 
LiDcolo, Geo. Shields, and others.— (i^^e. 174.) 



August 7. — At Blackburn, England, a large 
public meeting was held to consider the advan- 
tages of recognizing the "Southern States of Am- 
erica," with a view to bring about an early ter- 
mination of hostilities. Mr. R. R. Jackson, after 
declaring that " it was impossible for the North 
to vanquish the South,*' submitted the following' 
resolution : 

'*That a petition to the Queen l)e adopted by 
this meeting, and signed by the Mayor, praying 
her Most Gracious Majesty to take immediate 
measures in coalescing with France and such other 
Powers as may be willing to give their codpera- 
tion to recognize the independence of the confed- 
erate States of America.'* 

The resolution was not received with unquali- 
fied approval, there being a strong expression of 
opinion against it; and an amendment was moved 
by Mr. J. C. Fielden, disapproving the policy of 
intervention. This amendment was supported 
by Mr. W. Crossley, but finally withdrawn, and 
the following amendment, moved by Mr. F. John- 
ston, was agreed to : 

" That this meeting, recognizing the desirabili- 
ty of referring all national disputes to impartial 
arbitration for settlement, respectfully urges the 
government of this country to immediately coop- 
erate with other European Powers in recommend- 
ing to the contending parties in America the 
above plan as the simplest and most satisfactory 
method of reestablishing peace, and in their nego- 
tiations strongly recommend the abolition of slav- 
ery." 

— The rebel expedition to New-Mexico, under 
Colonel Sibley, was met near Fort Fillmore, by a 
body of California troops under the command of 
Colonel Canby. A battle ensued, in which the 
rebels were routed. Colonel Sibley was assassi- 
nated by his own men, who charged him with 
drunkenness and inefficiency. 

. — Captain Faulkner, with a body of rebel 
cavalry, encamped in a swamp near Trenton, 
Tenn., was surprised by a detachment of the Se- 
cond Illinois cavalry, losing thirty killed and 
twenty wounded. — CoL McNeill with a force of 
one thousand National troops defeated the rebel 
guerrilla Porter at Kirksville, Mo.— A fight took 
place in the northern part of Dodd County, Mo., 
between a party of National troops, under the 
command of M^jor Montgomery, and Coffin's 
rebel guerrillas, in which the latter were defeat- 
ed, with a loss of eleven killed, four wounded, 
and seventeen prisonerg. 



66 



BEBBLLION BSCOBD, 1862. 



[Auousr 6. 



•^A isKiKinsH took place between a small force 
of Union troops and a body of rebel caraky at 
Wolftown, a few miles firom Madison Court- 
House, Ya., resulting in the defeat of the rebels, 
who were driren beyond the Rapidan Riyer, with 
a loss of two men killed and a number wounded. 

— ^Malvern Hill, Ya., was abandoned by the 
National forces under Gen. Hooker, information 
having been received that an overwhelming force 
of rebels, under the command of Qen. A. P. Hill, 
were advancing upon that place. 

J^ugtut 8. — At Huntsville, Ala., Gen. Rousseau 
issued the following special order : 

*' Almost every day murders are. committed by 
lawless bands of robbers and murderers, firing 
into the railroad trains. 

** To prevent this, or to let the guilty suffer with 
the innocent, it is ordered that the preachers and 
leading men of the churches, (not exceeding twelve 
in number,) in and about Huntsville, who have 
been active secessionists, be arrested and kept in 
custody, and that one of them be detailed each 
day and placed on board the train on the road 
running by way of Athens, and taken to Elk 
River and back, and that a like detail be made 
and taken to Stevenson and back. Each detail 
shall be in charge of a trusty soldier, who shall 
be armed, and not allow him to communicate 
with any person. 

''When not on duty these gentlemen shall be 
comfortably quartered in Himtsville, but not al- 
lowed to communicate with any one without leave 
fix>m these headquarters. The soldiers detailed 
for guard of this character will report to these 
headquarters for further instructions upon the 
day preceding their tour of duty at three o'clock 
p.M."--^«5fa« Order No, 64. 

— "Cbbtain Nov-Conscbipts'* of Richmond, 
Ya., through their counsel, John H. Gilmer, re- 
spectfully presented to the confederate States 
Congress a remonstrance against the conscription 
law of the rebel government 

— At a banquet given by the Mayor of Shef- 
field, England, to the corporation of that town, 
several distinguished guests were present, and 
among them were Lord Palmerston and Mr. Roe- 
buck, M.P. for the borough. 

Lord Palmerston, in his after-dinner speech, 
took occasion to refer to the American war. He 
said : The Government had thought it thdr duty 
to advise their Sovereign to preserve a strict and 



rigid neutrality in that moat tmhappy oonflict 
now raging in North- America. It was painful to 
witness the loss of life, the wasting of treasure, 
and oij^er sad concomitants of the unfortunate 
contest ; but, greatly as th^ might lament to see 
thdr brethren on the other side of the Atlantic 
sufflring such wretchedness, greatly as they 
might themselves feel the evils consequent upon 
it, he was convinced that the course which the 
British government had pursued was the only 
course which became that country, and that it 
had received, and would continue to receive, the 
approval and sanction of the British people. 

Mr. Roebuck afterward addressed the assem- 
bly, and, after refi$rring to the distress in Lan- 
cashire,* he touched upon the civil war in Ameri- 
ca, and said he had at first looked at the disrup- 
tion of the Union with grief^ but his present 
feeling was one of rejoicing. An iiresponsible 
people, possessed of irresponsible and almost 
omnipotent power, was a people that could not 
be trusted ; and he regarded the attempt of the 
North in endeavoring to restore the Union by 
force as an immoral proceeding totally incapable 
of success. Slavexy was a mere pretenca In 
the North the feeling against the black man was 
stronger than in the South, and if North and 
South were reunited to-morrow, slavery would 
be more firmly fixed than ever. He looked to 
Lancashire, and would entreat Lord Palmerston 
to weigh well the consequences of what he called 
''perfect neutrality.'* There had not yet been 
perfect neutrality. Great Britain icas at that 
moment supporting the North with every means 
of offence and injury to the South. He, there- 
fore, b^ged the noble lord deeply to consider 
whether the time had not come for him to be the 
first in Europe to ask the Great Powers to recog- 
nize the Southern Confederacy. Six months 
would not pass over before that was done. The 
Northerners would never be our friends. Of the 
Southerners we could make fViends. They wet^ 
not the scum and refuse of Europe, but English* 
men. A hand held out firom Europe would stop 
the effusion of blood, and would make the homes 
of our worldngmen happy again. He had not 
made these remarics lightly or in haste, and he 
submitted them to his fellow-countrymen, believ- 
ing that, if acted upon, they would redound to 
their prosperity and their honor. 

— Ordxbs were issued fiom the War Depart- 
ment at Washington, to prevent the evasion of 
military dufy, and for the suppression of disloyal 



Aueun 11.] 



DIART OF EVENTS. 



67 



pnctices; also authorizing the arrest of persons 
disooonging enlistments.— (Doc. 175.) 

—At Baltimore, McL, several persons were ar* 
rested while endeavoring to escape from that citj) 
in order to evade the draft ordered hy the Secre- 
Urj of War. — Portland, Galloway County, Mo., 
was captured hy a party of rebel guerrillas under 
the command of Capt Cobb. After robbing the 
stores and residences, the guerrillas left the place. 
— (xeneral Blunt and staff left Leavenworth, Kan- 
sas, to take the field in command of the Indian 
expedition. — Leavenworth ConBeroatite. 

AuffUit 9. — At Macon City, Mo., twenty-six 
rebel prisoners were shot for breaking their pa- 
role—Hundreds of citizens of the West and 
other portions of the loyal States fled into " Can- 
ada like cravens, to escape the draft" The exo- 
dus through Detroit was very large. — Detroit 
Free Preaa^ Auguet 9. 

— CoLOKKL McNeill overtook Porter's guerril- 
las at Stockton, in the western part of Macon 
County, Mo., and after a sharp fight, routed 
them, killing and wounding a large number, and 
capturing many horses. The rebels were scat- 
tered in all directions. Some of the prisoners 
captured had taken the oath and given bonds. — 
Gtn, SehoJUl^e Report 

—This day the battle of Cedar Mountain was 
fought, about eight miles from Culpeper Court- 
House, Ya., between the National forces under 
General Banks, and the rebel army under General 
Jackson. The battle lasted about two hours, 
resulting in the retreat of the rebels with great 
loss. The Union army lost one thousand five hun- 
dred men in killed, wounded, and missing, of 
whom twenty-nine were taken prisoners. — {Docs, 
»3aiu210i.) 

— The Secretary of War issued an order di- 
recting the Governors of the loyal States to pro- 
ceed forthwith to furnish their respective quotas 
of the three hundred thousand men called for by 
order <A President Lincoln. Also to cause an 
enrolment to be made of all able-bodied male dti- 
lens, between the ages of eighteen and forty -five 
within the respective counties of each State, giv- 
ing the name, age, and occupation of each. 

— The United States steam-frigate Lackawanna, 
was launched at Brooklyn, L. L— Jeff. Thomp- 
son, the rebel commander, sent a flag of truce to 
General Hovey, who occupied Oldtown, thirty 
mQes below Helena, Ark., demanding the surren- 
der of all negroes within his lines, or prepare to 



fight Hovey dismissed the flag, and started in 
pursuit, with ten days' rations. — MemphU Buir 
letin^ Auguet 14. 

— GsNERiyL McClsllan issued an order from 
the headquarters of the Army of the Potomac at 
Harrison's Landing, Ya., for the purpose of car- 
rying into effect the views and directions of 
President Lincoln, as contained in his executive 
order of the twenty-second July, relative to the 
seizure of property real or personal, in any of the 
nine rebellious States, which might be necessary 
or convenient for the use of the armies of the 
United States. 

— RECRurriNO for the Union army was, about 
this time, promoted with great zeal in all the 
loyal States. In New-York, Boston, Philadel- 
phia, and other large cities, volunteers came for- 
ward in great numbers. 

— At New-F airfield, Conn., five individuals 
mutilated themseWes to evade the draft, some by 
cutting off the forefinger and others by having all 
their teeth extracted. — {Doc. 176.) 

Auguet 10. — Edwin M. Stanton, Secretary of 
War, issued the following order at Washington, 
D. C. : " The temporary restrictions upon travel- 
ling; deemed necessary to prevent evasions of 
liability to be drafted into the militia, were not 
intended to apply to couriers with despatches to 
and from the legations of friendly Powers in the 
United States. All authorities, civil and militaiy, 
are consequently required to allow such couriers 
to pass freely, without let or investigation.** 

— TA national steamer Freeborn arrived at 
Washington, D. C, banging twenty-five prison- 
ers, five sail-boats, a number of canoes, and a lot 
of merchandise, which were captured on Friday 
and Saturday nights last near BUckiston Islands. 
The prisoners had been engaged in regular com- 
merce between Maryland and Virginia, taking 
over salt, etc., and bringing back wheat — Com* 
mander Richard Wainwright, U.S.N., died at New- 
Orleans, La. 

— A REBEL steamer was this day captured at 
the mouth of the Savannah River, Ga., by a Union 
tug-boat, and towed under the guns of Fort 
Pulaski. — The town of Donaldson ville, La., was 
this day partially destroyed by a party of men 
from the United States sloop-of-war Brooklya — 
{Doc 177.) 

Auguet 11. — ^It being a fact that a number of 
the inhabitants of Baton Rouge, La., who had 
been allowed by the United States authorities to 



58 



REBELLION RECORD, 1862. 



[AcausT 12. 



retain their private arms, were found dead and 
wounded on the battle-field at that place, General 
Butler, at New-Orleans, ordered, to prevent a 
repetition of such a breach of trust, that all arms 
in that city, of whatever description, be delivered 
to the military authorities,— fl^en. Order No, 21. 

— General Grakt, commanding Department 
of West-Tennessee, issued an order from his head- 
quarters at Corinth, Miss., directing that fugitive 
slaves coming within the lines of the army under 
his command, should be employed in the quarter- 
master's, subsistence, and engineer's departments. 
Also, when by such employment a soldier might 
be saved to the ranks of the army, as teamsters, 
cooks, hospHal attendants, and nurses. 

— Bayou Sara, La., was this day taken pos- 
session of by the National forces. They seized 
all the sugar and molasses in the place, and 
quartered a garrison ther& 

— A FIGHT took place in the vicinity of Inde- 
pendence, Mo., between a body of Union troops 
under the command of Colonel Buell, Seventh 
Missouri cavalry, and a superior force of rebel 
guerrillas under Colonel Hughes, resulting in the 
defeat of the Unionists and the capture of the 
town by the rebels,— (2>o<5. 178.) 

— A party of Jeff. Thompson's rebel cavalry 
surprised a company of the Third Wisconsin regi- 
ment, at a point eleven miles east of Helena, Ark., 
but were compelled to retire after a short but 
destructive battle. Several rebels were captured. 
— Memphis Bulletin^ Augrut 14. 

— A DETACHMENT of the Eleventh Illinois cav- 
alry, sent from Bolivar, Tenn., attacked some 
guerrillas at Salisbury, five miles east of Grand 
Junction, capturing a rebel captain and twenty- 
seven horses and mules, and dispersing the 
guerrillas. 

— Samuel H. Elbert, Acting Governor of Col- 
orado Territory, issued a proclamation urging the 
assessors of the several counties, in view of the 
probability of the Colorado regiments being or- 
dered by the United States Government for ser- 
vice out of the territory, to complete the enrol- 
ment of the militia in accordance with an act 
passed at the last session of the Territorial Legis- 
lature. 

— ^A series of skirmishes occurred near Wil- 
liamsport, Tenn., between a small body of Union 
troops under the command of Major Kennedy, 
and a superior force of rebel guerrillas, resulting 



in the defeat of the latter on each occasion, with 
considerable loss. — Oen. KegUy's Despatch,. 

— A FIGHT took place near Compton's Ferry, on 
the Grand River, Mo., between a force of Union 
cavalry under the conunand of Colonel Guitar, 
and a body of rebel guerrillas under Colonel 
Poindezter, resulting in the defeat of the latter, 
who lost one hundred men killed and wounded, 
two hundred prisoners, six wagons, about one 
hundred horses and saddles, one hundred and 
fifty guns, a quantity of ammunition and provi- 
sions. — {Doe, 179.) 

— A SKIRMISH took place near Reelsville, Calla- 
way County, Mo., between a body of Missouri 
State cavalry under the command of Col Smart, 
and Capt Cobb's rebel guerrillas, in which the 
latter were routed with some loss. — All the pro- 
perty of John Slidell, an officer of the rebel gov- 
ernment, was confiscated by order of General 
Butler, at New Orleans, La. 

— A SKIRMISH took place near Eindcrhook, 
Tenn., between a body of Uni9n troops under 
the command of Colonel McGowan, and a force 
of rebel guerrillas under Major Anderson, result- 
ing in the defeat of the latter, who lost seven 
men killed, a large number wounded, and twenty- 
seven prisoners.— (i)oc. 180.) 

August 12. — General Bumside, commanding 
the Ninth army corps of the Army of the Poto- 
mac, issued an order from his headquarters near 
Fredericksbui^h, Va., informing his army that the 
seizure of private property belonging to rebels, 
except when made by officers authorized and de- 
tailed for the purpose, was not allowed, and 
would be followed by severe and speedy punish- 
ment 

— ^The prize steamer Ladona, captured while 
endeavoring to run up the Ogeechee River, Ga., 
arrived at Philadelphia, Pa. — A large war meet- 
ing was held at Alexandria, Ya., this evening. 
Jefferson Tracy presided, and speeches were 
made by Senator Pomeroy, of Kansas ; Senator 
Harlan, of Iowa ; Senator Chandler, of Michigan, 
and others. The meeting was the most enthusi- 
astic and largest ever held in that city. 

— Gallatin, Tenn., including a force of Union 
troops under Colonel Boone, a large quantity of 
Government stores, a railway train laden with 
grain, a number of Government horses, etc., was 
captured by a force of rebel guerrillas under 
Colonel John H. Moi^n. In the evening, CoL 



ArorsT 14.] 



DIARY OF EVENTS. 



69 



Miller, baving arriTed from Nashyille with & force 
of Unloa troops, attacked and drove out Mox^n's 
rear-giiard (the main body of whose force left 
during the day) killing six and wounding a num- 
ber. 

~Thb rebel Congress voted their thanks to 
Geneial Robert £. Lee, and the ofiScers and men 
under his command, " for their late brilliant vic- 
torj, culminating in the signal defeat of the com- 
bined forces of the enemy, in the two great 
bittles of Manassas." 

Augtat 18. — A collision occurred off Ragged 
Potot, on the Potomac River, Ya., between the 
steuners Peabody and West-Point, by which 
sereotj-three lives were lost The West-Point 
was fn route for Washington with convalescents 
from the army of Qeneral Bumside. — Colonel 
Guitar overtook Poindexter's guerrillas again at 
Yellow Creek, Clinton County, Mo., routed and 
scattered them in utter confusion, taking sixty 
prisoners. — The French bark Harriet Ralli was 
released by the government authorities of the 
United SUtes. 

— Tbs One Hundred and Tenth regiment of 
New- York Volunteers left their encampment near 
Dmra, for Washington. — A battle was fought 
this day near Clarendon, Ark., between the divi- 
sioo of Gen. Hovey, consisting of six regiments 
of infantry and eight regiments of cavalry, and 
a part of Hindman*8 force, which had been sent 
forward firom Little Rock to check the advance 
of the Union army. The battle raged some time 
with destructive results. The Eleventh Indiana 
regiment lost seven men killed. The contest 
ended by the defeat and rout of Hindman's men, 
and the capture of seven hundred prisoners. — 
y. T. Tribune. 

— An expedition consisting of the Twenty- 
fourth Massachusetts, and a marine battery, under 
the command of General Stevenson, embarked 
on board the gun-boats Wilson and Ellis, at 
Kevbem, N. C, and proceeded to Swansboro', 
where they destroyed, on the sixteenth instant, 
the rebel saltworks. The expedition then re- 
turned to camp at Newbem. — (Doe. 181.) 

— ^Tbis morning at half-past seven a.m.. Gen. 
Pope telegraphed firom Cedar Mountain, Ya., to 
Gen. Halleck, at Washington, as follows :—'' The 
enemy has retreated under cover of the night 
His rear is now crossing the Rapidan, towards 
Orange Court-House. Our cavabry and artillery 
are in pursuit" 



Augmt 14.— The Grenada (Miss.) Appeal of 
this day published the following : ** In another 
column, this evening, will be found the order of 
the Adjutant-General of Rhode Island, calling for 
a r^ment of * colored persons,* who will 'con- 
stitute a part of the quota' from that State. 
The 'gentleman of color* has at last turned up 
*by authority,' to the eternal disgrace of the 
twenty millions of whites who thus acknowledge 
their inability to conquer seven millions. When- 
ever this regiment appears on the field let the 
black flag be raised." 

— D. A. Mahonxt, editor of the Dubuque 
(Iowa) Herald, was arrested by the United States 
MarshaL Mr. Mahoney was charged with dis« 
couraging enlistments. 

— ^The Thirty-third r^ment of Massachusetts 
volunteers, commanded by Colonel Albert G. 
Maggi, left Lynnfield for Washington.— A slight 
skirmish took place near Helena, Arkansas, be- 
tween a scouting-party of National troops, who 
were looking after cotton, and a body of rebel 
guerrilhis, resulting in the defeat and retreltt of 
the guerrillas. 

— General Pope, commanding the army of 
Virginia, issued an order from his headquarters 
near Cedar Mountain, Va., enjoining on the ofli- 
cers and soldiers of his army to abstain from 
entering the houses, molesting the persons, or 
disturbing the property of citizens, under pain 
of speedy and severe punishment Whatever 
provisions, forage, or other articles might be re- 
quired for the subsistence or use of the troops 
would be taken possession of) but only under an 
officer with authority for that purpose. 

— President Lincoln gave an audience to a 
committee of colored men at the Executive Man- 
sion, Washington. They were in trod uced by Rev. 
J. Mitchell, Commissioner of Emigration. E. M. 
Thomas, the chairman of the committee, remarked 
that they were there by invitation^ to hear what 
the Executive had , to say to them. The Presi- 
dent, after a few preliminary observations, in- 
formed them that a sum of money had been 
appropriated by Congress; and placed at his dis- 
position, for the purpose of aiding colonization of 
the people, or a portion of the people of African 
descent, thereby making it his duty, as it had for 
a long time been his inclination, to fiivor that 
cause. 

— ^Thb rebel General Breckinridge addressed a 
note to Colonel H. £. Paine, commanding United 



60 



BEBELUON BECOSD, 1862. 



[AuocsT 16. 



i 



Stateg forces at Baton Rouge, La., oomplaining 
that the Union troops in that vicinity had wan- 
tonly burned many private houses ; had taken or 
destroyed much private property without compen- 
sation ; had seized and carried away into impri- 
sonment, upon fidse and frivolous pretexts, many 
unarmed dtizens, and that negro slaves were being 
armed and ox^ganized to be employed against them. 
He informed him that such acts were regarded as 
in vioUtion of the usages of civilized warfare ; and 
that, in future, upon any departure from those 
usages ** he would raise the black flag, and neither 
give nor ask quarter.** — See Supplement. 

Auguet 16. — The Thirty-fourth regiment of 
Massachusetts volunteers, under the command of 
Colonel George D. Wells, left Worcester for the 
seat of war. — ^A squad of cavalry from Washing- 
ton, D. C, went into St Mary's County, Md., 
and encountered near Leonardstown Capt Wil- 
liam Clark, of the Thirty-seventh YiT^ginia regi- 
ment, with a number of recruits, travelling in a 
wagon on their way to join the rebels. When 
they were observed the cavalry abandoned the 
teams and broke for the woods, but the National 
cavalry pursued them, and several shots were 
exchanged. Nine of them, including one officer, 
were taken and carried to the city and sent to 
the Old Capitol prison. 

— ^A SHARP fight took place at Memwether*s 
Ferry, on the Obion River, Tenn., between a 
body of Union troops under the command of 
CoL T. W. Harris, and a force of rebel guerrillas, 
under Captain Binfield, resulting in a rout of the 
rebels, who lost twenty men killed and nine taken 
prisoners.— (iXw. 182.) 

Auguet 16. — An enthusiastic war meeting was 
this day held at Lake Mahoi^ N. Y.— The One 
Hundred and Twenty-second regiment of Penn- 
sylvania volunteers arrived at Washington, B. C. 
— Colonels Corcoran and Wilcox, Lieutenant-Col. 
Brown, and M^jor Rogers, reached Fortress Mon- 
roe, having b^n exchanged at Richmond, Ya. 
Great joy was manifested at the release of CoL 
Corcoran and his fellow-soldiers. 

— ^Thb United States gunboat Pocahontas, i:>ne 
of the blockading squadron off Charleston, pro- 
ceeded up the Black Rivef, S. C, on a reconnoi- 
tring expedition, and in search of a rebel steamer 
reported to' be in the river. When about twenty- 
five miles up, it was discovered that the rebels 
had sunk the vessel In returning, the Poca- 
KoQtas was fired into by bands of rebel guerrillas 



all along the banks of the river for a distance of 
twenty miles, but she sustained no injury, and 
but one person was wounded. 

— Hopkins viLLE, Ky., was this day captured 
by a force of reoel guerrilla cavalry, under the 
command of Colonel A. R. Johnson. A quantity 
of ammunition and a number of rifles fell into 
their hands. Colonel Johnson issued a notice to 
the inhabitants of the town knd its vicinity, in- 
forming them that he occupied the town and had 
taken the arms, etc., as a confederate soldier; 
and that if any Southern man or his property 
should be molested on account of his visit, he 
would retaliate on the Union men of the place. 

— A oovpANT of rebel cavalry dashed across 
the Rapidan River, Ya., near Crooked Run, and 
captured Lieutenant Black, and five men of the 
Union army encamped in the vicinity. 

— An expedition consisting of the Union gun- 
boats Benton, Mound City and General Bragg, 
under command of Captain Phelps; the rams 
Switzerland, Monarch, Lioness and ^mpson, un- 
der command of Colonel EUet, and transports 
Rockett and McDowell, with the Fifty-seventh 
Ohio, the Thirty-third Indiana, fifty cavalrymen, 
and two pieces of artillery on board, under com- 
mand of Colonel Wood of the Fifty-seventh Ohio, 
left Helena, Arkansas, this day and proceeded 
down the Mississippi. On the eighteenth, when 
near the mouth of the Tazoo River, at Millikins^s 
Bend, they captured the rebel steamer Fairplay, 
laden with an entire equipment of arms, accoutre- 
q^ents and ammunition for an vmj of six thou- 
sand men. At Haines*s Bluff they captured four 
pieces of artillery, and a large quantity of ammu- 
nition. At Richmond, La., they destroyed the 
railway d6p6t, together with its contents^ a large 
quantity of sugar, commissary stores, ammuni- 
tion, etc, and engaged a force of rebels whom 
they put to flight On the twenty-fifth instant 
the expedition returned to Helena, without losing 
a man.— (i>06. 183.) 

— ^The Richmond (Ya.) Examiner of this date, 
speaking editorially of the approaching session of 
the rebel Congress, among other things, said: 
'' It will be for Congress to repair, as it best can, 
the mischief done the public service by a weak 
and impracticable executive ; to look at the reduc- 
tion of our forces in the field ; the decay of mili- 
tary discipline; the demoralisation of our armies, 
and the jeopardy to which our cause has been 
put by a long course of trifling conduct^ childish 



ArficsT 19.] 



DIART OF EVENTS. 



01 



pride of opinion, unworthy obstinacy, official ob- 
toseness, conceit^ defiance of public opinion, ini- 
periousness and despotic affectation on the part 
of those intrusted with the execution of the 

WIT." 

— Thi evacuation of Harrison's Landing^ on 
the James River, Ya., by the army of the Poto- 
mac, which commenced on the eleventh instant, 
was this day completed. — {Doe. 184.) 

~A noBT took place near Lone Jack, Mo., be- 
tween a force of about eight hundred Missouri 
State militia^ under the conunand of Major Foster, 
and a body of rebel guerrillas under Colonel Cof- 
fee, numbering between three and four thousand 
men, resulting, after an engagement of four hours, 
in the defeat of the Nationals with a loss of sixty 
men killed and one hundred wounded and miss- 
ing. The rebel loss was one hundred and ten 
killed and wounded— (2><>6. 185.) 

Au^ftH 17. — ^The office of the GonBtitutwnal 
Oasetteer^ a newspaper published at Marysville, 
KansaSi was demolished this morning at an early 
hev by a party of National soldiers belonging to 
the company of Captain Bowen. — The One Hun- 
dred and Twenty-ninth regiment of Pennsylvania 
volunteers arrived at Washington, D. C. 

—At New-York, Archbishop Hughes deliver- 
ed a qmbI important and patriotic sermon in St. 
Patrick's Cathedral After vaciting his course of 
action {n Europei^ he called upon the whole North 
to eome out in its strength, for " volimteering to 
coDlioaeand for a draft to be made.'' He said 
tbat if tliree hundred thousand men were not 
enough to call out another three hundred thou- 1 
sumL " The people should insist on being draft- 
ed, and so bring tiiis unnatural strife to a close" 
bj strength of might alone. 

Auguit 18. — ^The following orders were issued 
from the War Department at Washington : ' ^ Here- 
after no appointments of Majors-General or Bri- 
gadiers-General will be given except to officers of 
the regular army, for meritorious and distinguish- 
ed icrvioes during the war, or to volunteer offi- 
cers who, by some successful achievement in the 
field, shall have displayed the military abilities 
required for the duties of a general officer. 

'"No appointment lo such ^des will be issued 
hj the War Department till an examination is 
made to aseertain if there are any charges or evi- 
dence against the character, conduct' or fitness of 
the appointee^ and if there should be any such 



charges or evidence a special report will be made 
to the President" 

— The One Hundred and Twenty-fifth and 
the One Hundred ai^d Twenty-seventh regiments 
of Pennsylvania arrived at Washington^ D. 0. 

— Thb National pickets were fired on at Rom- 
ney Road, Ya., and one man, mortally wounded. 
A force sent in pursuit overtook a party of bush* 
whackers near North River Mills, attacked them, 
and killed the notorious guerrilla, Bob Edwards. 
The rest escaped to the mountains. — Colone 
Michael Corcoran, of the Sixty-ninth New-York 
militia, was appointed a Brigadier-General in the 
volunteer service of the United States. 

— Thb Congress of the rebel States reassem- 
bled at Richmond, Ya., when Jeff Davis deliver- 
ed his annual message, addressed " to the Senate 
and House of Representatives of the confederate 
States."— iS^M Supplement, 

— The steamers Skylark and SalKe were burn- 
ed by guerrillas, at the mouth of Duck Creek, 
fifty miles above Fort Henxy, Tenn. The Sky- 
lark was heavily laden with government stores. 
She got aground and an officer unloaded a por- 
tion of her stores when he was attacked by thirty 
rebels. The crew, being unarmed, were com- 
pelled to surrender. The guerrillas, after remov- 
ing the furniture and silver ware, set fire to both 
the boats. The crews were released on parole. 

— The rebel Colonel John H. Morgan, issued 
a proclamation from Hartsville, Tenn., in which 
he sud that in consequence of the Federal Gov- 
ernment causing his friends to pay for property 
destroyed by him, he would thenceforth put the 
law of retaliation in full force, and act upon it 
with vigor. For evexy doUar exacted from his 
Southern fellow-citizens, he would have two from 
men of known Upion sentiments, and would make 
their persons and property responsible for the 
payment 

— C^iABKSYiLLB, Tcua, gafrjisoned by a small 
number of Union troops, under command of CoL 
Mason, was this day surrendered to Col Wood- 
ward and a superior force of rebel guerrilla troops, 
without firing a shot — {Doc, 186.) 

Au^t 19.-^The steamer Swallow was burned 
by the rebels, at a point on the Mississippi River, 
twentyrfive miles below Memphis, Tenn. — ^A skir- 
mish took place near Bienzj, Miss. 

-^ The following order was Issued firom the 
War Department at Washington ; 



62 



REBELLION RECORD, 1862. 



[August 21* 



The Department of the Ohio, hereby created, 
will be composed of the States of Ohio, Michigan, 
Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, and Kentucky, East 
of the Tennessee River, and including Cumber- 
land Gaji, and the troops operating in its vicinity. 
Major-General H. G. Wright is assigned to the 
command of the Department of Ohio. 

-A LAROB and enthusiastic war meeting was 
held in Brooklyn, N. Y. A series of patriotic 
resolutions were adopted, and speeches made by 
Generals Crooke, Walbridge, Sickles and Spino- 
la, Admiral Paulding, Rev. Dr. Cox, and others. 

— A FORCE of Union cavalry from New-Madrid, 
Mo., under the command of Captain Frank Moore, 
while on an expedition to Charleston, attacked a 
rebel camp on White Oak Ridge, near Hickman, 
killing four and taking nineteen of the rebels 
prisoners, including three captains. They also 
captured twenty-seven horses and about one hun- 
dred stand of arms. Captain Moore and one pri- 
vate were wounded. 

— The Board of Supervisors of Rensselaer 
County, N. Y., assembled at Troy, appropriated 
seventy-five thousand dollars as bounty money, to 
be paid to volunteers enlisting into the army un- 
der the call of the President 

— The Sioux Indians destroyed the United 
States Agencies at Yellow Medicine and Red 
Wood, and partially destroyed New-Ulm, Minn., 
killing and brutally mutilating more than a hun- 
dred persons, men, women, and children. 

Aitgiut 20. — ^British subjects who had declared 
their intentions to become citizens of the United 
States, being apprehensive that they might be 
drafted into the militia, Secretary Seward in- 
formed them, through the British Charge d' Af- 
fairs at Washington, that none but citizens were 
liable to military duty in the United States. — 
Secretary SewarSt Letter. 

— ^E. KiRBY Smith, the rebel General, from his 
headquarters in East-Tennessee, issued the fol- 
lowing address to the citizens of Knox County, 
and the adjacent counties in Kentucky : 

" Finding that yoji have been deceived by the 
misrepresentations of our enemies, and have been 
induced by them not only to leave your homes, 
but also to resort to the cowardly practice of 
bushwhacking, I now promise you that, if you 
return quietly to your homes and lead orderly 
lives, you will not be disturbed, but will be pro- 
tected in your rights. 

** I^ on the contrary, you persist in firing upon 



my soldiers from the woods, you will be hung 
when you are caught, and your houses and pro- 
perty will be destroyed." 

— ^To-DAT the Union army, und^ Gen. Pope, 
reached the Rappahannock River, in its retreat 
from the Rapidan, closely followed by the rebel 
army, under Gen. Lee. At Brandy Station the 
two armies came within sight of each other, and 
the rear-guard of the Nationals, supposing the ad- 
vance of the rebels to be a mere skirmishing par- 
ty, turned for the purpose of driving them back ; 
but on charging upon them, they discovered their 
error, for after receiving two or three volleys, 
which thinned their ranks considerably, they re- 
treated to the bridge at the station, closely pur- 
sued by the rebels. Here the Unionists were 
supported by two batteries of artillery, which 
opened fire on the rebels with great effect, com- 
pelling them to fall back under cover of the adja- 
cent woods.— (i)<?c. 104.) 

— ^A FIGHT took place at Edgefield Junction, 
Tenn., between a small number of the Fiftieth 
Indiana volunteers and a superior force of rebel 
guerrilla cavalry belonging to Col. John II. Mor- 
gan's command, resulting in a jetreat of the Lat- 
ter, with a loss of seven men killed and twenty 
wounded. 

— A FIGHT took place near Union Mills Mo., 
between a force of National troops, under the com- 
mand of Major Price, and a party of rebel guerril- 
las. The Nationals did not discover the reb- 
els until they were fired upon from an ambush ; 
but, notwithstanding this disadvantage, they 
charged upon them and put them to flight, cap- 
turing sixteen horses, a number of guns and 
swords, and a quantity of lead and powder. 
Four of the rebels were taken prisoners and one 
killed. Four of the Union party were killed and 
three wounded. — St, LouU Democrat^ Augiut2Z, 
August 21. — Jeff Davis issued an order from 
Richmond, directing that Major-Gen. Hunter and 
Brig. -Gen. Phelps should no longer be held and 
treated as public enemies of the rebel States, but 
as outlaws ; and that in the event of the capture 
of either of them, or that of any other commis- 
sioned officer of the United States employed in 
drilling, organizing, or instructing slaves, with a 
view to their armed service in the war, he should 
not be regarded as a prisoner of war, but held in 
close confinement for execution as a felon, at 
such time and place as Jeff Davis might order. 

— ^To-day the Union army, under Gen, Pope, 
and the rebel army, under Gen. Loe, faced each 




Brig.Gkk.W: S. HANCOCIv. 



AcorsT 22.] 



DIARY OF EVENTS. 



63 



other on the Rappahannock, the former on the 
north and the latter on the left bank of the river. 
Ao attempt was made on the part of the rebels to 
cross the river at Kelly's Ford, for the purpose of 
turning the position of the Unionists, but it was 
foiled bj General Reno, who opened fire with his 
batteries, and then followed it with a cayalry 
charge, which put them to flight, and determined 
them to make no more attempts to cross at Kel- 
1/s Ford.— (Doc. 104.) 

—A WAR meeting was held at Southfield, Staten 
Island, N. Y. —Thomas Shultzer, one of the edi 
tors of the Maryland News Sheet, was released 
from Fort McHenry, on taking an oath not to en- 
gage in newspaper business, nor do any thing to 
aid and abet rebellion during the continuance of 
the war. Carpenter and Neilson, the responsible 
editors and publishers of the same paper, refused 
to take the oath. 

— Thb rebel schooner Eliza, loaded with salt 
and other contraband goods, was captured off 
Charleston, S. C, by the United States steamer 
BienTille. 

—The Union pickets on Pinckney Island, near 
Hilton Head, S. C, we^e attacked by a superior 
force of rebel troops, and thhiy-two of their 
Damber taken prisoners, three killed and three 
woanded. — ^A yery large and enthusiastic war 
mcetmg was held at St. Louis, Mo., in the Mer- 
cantile Library Hall, at which Gov. Gamble made 
the principal speech. He recommended a most 
rigorous war policy in the State, and deprecated 
the disposition to find fault with the policy of the 
Federal Goyemment He recommended the ex- 
termination of the guerrillas in the State, and 
▼odd make the secessionists pay for the protec- 
tion they receiyed from the Goyemment He 
voold driye South all non-combatants who de- 
Doanoed the Goyemment The military authori- 
ties held bonds from the rebels to the amount of 
oTer a million of dollars, and he adyised all brok- 
en bonds to be collected at once. The speech 
wu receiyed with tremendous applause. 

—A SEyEBB fight took place at Gallatin, Tenn., 
hetween a body of Union troops under the com- 
mand of General R. W. Johnson, and an inferior 
force of rebel cayalry, under Col. John H. Mor- 
gan, resulting in a rout of the Unionists with 
great loB&."\I>oe. 187.) 

August 22. — ^Rear-Admiral George Campbell 
Read, Goyemor of the Nayal Asylum at Phila- 
delphia^ died in that city this day. — General 



Michael Corcoran arriyed at New-York City, and 
met with a most enthusiastic reception. 

— ^Thb Seventeenth regiment of Maine yolun- 
tecrs, commanded by CoL Thomas A. Roberta, 
passed through New-York City en. route for the 
seat of war. — Two bridges on the Marietta and 
Cincinnati Railroad, east of Loveland, Ohio, were 
burned, it was supposed, by rebel sympathizers. 

— To-day, and the preceding two days, a series 
of skirmishes occurred near Crab Orchard, Ky., 
between the Ninth PennsyWania cayalry, under 
the command of Gen. Green Clay Smith, and a 
rebel cayalry regiment, under CoL Scott, result- 
ing in the defeat and retreat of the latter on each 
occasion. 

— A FORCB of Gen. Stuart's rebel cayalry made 
a dash at Catietfs Station, Va., and destroyed or 
carried off a great quantity of sutler's and other 
stores, sacked the hospital, captured Gen. Pope's 
wagons with all his papers, etc, and then pro- 
ceeded towards Warrenton.— (Doc. 188.) 

— President Lincoln, in response to a letter writ- 
ten by Horace Greeley, stated that his paramount 
object was the restoration of the Union, and not 
the safety or destruction of slayery. If he could 
saye the Union without freeing the slayes, he 
would do it ; if he could saye it by freeing all the 
slayes, he would do it; and if he could save it by 
freeing a portion and leaving others alone, he 
would do that — See Supplement 

— The One Hundred and Seventeenth regi- 
ment, New- York volunteers. Col. W. R. Pease, 
left Camp Huntington, near Rome, at noon to-day 
for the seat of war. This was Oi^eida County's 
first regiment under the new call, and her fourth 
for the war. 

— The day before yesterday, and to-day, Fort 
Ridgely, Minn., was attacked by a large body of 
Indians, who, on each occasion, were repulsed by 
the garrison, of whom three were killed and thir- 
teen wounded. — {Doe, 189.) 

— ^This morning, at five o'clock, the rebels 
opened fire from their batteries along the whole 
line of the army on the Rappahannock. The 
Union army on the opposite bank of the river 
prompUy replied, and the cannonade was kept 
up, with short intermissions, all day. The prin- 
cipal attack was on the Union centre, occupied by 
General McDowell's army corps. At about nine 
A.M., the cannonading having almost ceased. Gen. 
Sigel ordered Gen. Schurz to ford the river with 
a brigade of his division, and reconnoitre the en- 



64 



ftfiBtiLLlOK BfiCOkD, iBtl 



[ArousT 24. 



emy's position on the opposite side. When about 
a mile from the riyer, Qen. Schurs disooTered the 
rebels, who, after receiving a volley or two, pre- 
cipitately retreated, in the hope of drawing the 
Unionists into an ambush. This failed. General 
Schurz took up his position, and in turn was at- 
tacked by the rebels in force. A fierce battle en- 
sued, which lasted until six p.m., when, the 
Unionists not being sufficiently strong to hold the 
advanced position, retired to the north bank of 
the river, and joined the main body of the army. 
— {i?ac 104.) 

Augtut 23. — ^The United States steam sloop- of- 
war Adirondack struck on a cdfal te^ near Uttie 
Abaco, W. I., and was lost The crew were saved. 
— The Eighteenth regiment of Connecticut volun- 
teers, under the command of Col. Wm. 6. Ely ; 
the One Hundred and Eleventh regiment, New- 
York State volunteers, Colonel Jesse Segoine, 
and the Thirty-fifth Massachusetts, commanded 
by Col. Edward A* Wild, passed through New- 
York City, en route for the seat of war. 

— The schooner Louisa, while attempting to run 
the blockade of Charleston, S. C, was captured 
by the United States steamer Bienville. — A train 
of cars on the Memphis and Charleston Railroad, 
when three miles beyond Courtland, Tenn., was 
attacked by guerrillas numbering four hundred, 
who destroyed the train, which was in charge of 
a detachment of the Forty-second Illinois regi- 
ment Eight rebels were killed. The Federal 
loss was two wounded and two missing. — This 
afternoon a mutiny broke out among the soldiers 
belonging to Spinola*s Empire brigade, at their 
encampment, £ast New-York. One man was shot 
and a number seriously injured. An attack was 
made upon the Howard House by the mutineers, 
who subsequently fled to Brooklyn and New- 
York. The police was called out, and succeeded 
in quelling the riot A squad of United States 
marines was put on guard, and order was restored. 

— A PASSENGER train on the Winchester (Va.) 
Railroad, when between that place and Harper's 
Ferry, was fired into and stopped by a party of 
rebel guerrillas. The passengers were released, 
except four soldiers of the First Michigan, who 
were made prisoners. The train and its contents 
were completely destroyed. 

— The battle on the Rappahannock between 
the armies under Gen. Pope and Gen. Lee, was 
resumed at an early hour this morning by a can- 
nonade all along the opposing lines, which lasted 
for several hours. In consequence of the swollen 



state of thie Rappahannock, the railroad bridge 
was in great danger of being carried away, and 
the advanced column of the Union army was 
therefore removed firom the left to the right bank 
of the river, and the bridge was destroyed* New 
positions were taken, from which the old ones 
could be enfiladed, and on the rebels appearing 
in strong force for the purpose of occupying the 
abandoned position, a tetrific cannonade was 
opened upon them, which drove them back into 
the woods with great loss. In the afternoon a 
portion of the rebel army succeeded in crossing 
the Rappahannock River, in the vicinity of Sal- 
phUf (Springs, and a sharp engagement took place 
between them and Gen. Milroy's brigade, the ad- 
vance of Gen. SigeUs corps, which resulted in the 
rebels being driven across Great Run, sufiering 
great loss. In consequence of the success of the 
rebels in throwing a part of their forces across the 
Rappahannock, General Pope advanced his whole 
army from his position in the vicinity of Rappa- 
hannock Station to Warrenton and Sulphur 
Springs.— (2>«j. 104.) 

— A SKIRMISH occurred near Big Hill, Madison 
County, Ky., between the Union troops under 
General Metcalfe and a superior force of rebels, 
resulting in the retreat of the Nationals to Rich- 
mond, Ky.— {i?oc. 190.) 

Aufftut 24. — Gen. Butler, believing that a large 
portion of the colored militia force of the State of 
Louisiana were willing to take service in the vol- 
unteer forces of the United States, issued an order 
at New-Orleans, directing that the members of the 
" Native Guards," and all other free colored citi- 
zens recognized by the late Governor and authori- 
ties of the State as a portion of the militia of the 
State, who should enlist in the volunteer service 
of the United States, should be organized by the 
appointment of proper officers, and accepted, paid, 
equipped, armed and rationed as other volunteer 
troops of the United States, subject to the ap- 
proval of the President 

— Tab battle between the Union armj under 
General Pope, and that part of the rebel forces 
under Gen. Lee, which crossed the Rappahan- 
nock yesterday, was this morning resumed in the 
vicinity of Sulphur Springs and Waterloo Bridge. 
Cannonading was kept up all day, but without 
doing much damage to either side. — {Doc. 104.) 

— Quantrel's and Hays's bands of guerrillas 
overtook six companies of the Second and three 
companies of the Sixth Kansas regiments near 
Laxnar, Kansas, when the attack was commenced 



AvGun 27.] 



DIART OF fiVENXa 



65 



bj the Sixth under the command of Major Camp- 
bell tnd Oapt Grand. The fight continued two 
boorSf during which time the Nationals lost 
two killed and twenty-one wounded. The Second 
Kansas regiment took no part in the affiur. — The 
schooDer Water-Witch, was captured off Aransas, 
Texas, by the United States schooner Corypheus. 

—The Eighteenth regmient of Maine Tolun- 
teers, commanded by C<A, Daniel Chaplin, left their 
camp near Bangor, for the seat of war. — Charles 
J. IngersoU was arrested at Philadelphia^ Pa., by 
Depaty-Marshal Schuyler. 

—A SKISMI8H took place near Dallas, Mo., be- 
treea four companies of the Twelfth cavalry regi- 
ment, Missouri State militia, under the command 
of Hajor B. F. Laaear, and a numerically superior 
force of rebel guerrillas, under CoL Jeffiies, re- 
snldng in a rout of the latter, with some loss. — 
51 LmiB BspMiean. 

Avgfut2b, — Seren men of the Bath County 
(Ky.) home guards, under Captain Warren, sur- 
prised and captured near Mount Sterling, Ky., 
eisfateen rebel guerrillas with their horses and 
arms.— S. C. Pomeroy, Senator of the United 
States from Kansas, issued an address to the free 
colored people of the United States, suggesting 
the GigimzatMm of emigntaon parties of such peo- 
ple for settlement in Central America. 

--Maiok Litpcrt, Thirteenth Illinois cavalry, 
with one hundred and thirty men, was attacked 
br 1 force of rebel guerrillas, three hundred and 
Sitj strong, under Colonel Hicks, thirty-six miles 
bejond Bloomfield, Mo. The rebels were totally 
rooted, twenty of them being killed, many wound- 
ed, and a number taken jmsoners. 

— CoLoiTEL Woodward, with a strong force of 
rtbel gaerrHla.% attacked Port Donelson, Tenn., 
tad \ras repulsed with heavy loss. — (Doc, 191.) 

— Afteb fighting the Sioux Indians during the 
two preceding days, and finally routing them, the 
vhole population, including the garrison under 
command of Gapt Flaudrau, of New-Ulm, Minn., 
evacuated that place this day.— (2><?c. 192.) 

—The Eleventh New-Jersey regiment of vol- 
cnteers, under the command of CoL Robert Mc- 
Allister, left for Washington. — ^The One Hundred 
»nd Twentieth regunent, New-York State volun- 
teers, left Rondout for the seat of war, under the 
command of CoL George H. Sharp.— The Four- 
teenth regiment of Connecticut left Hartford for 
Washington. It was commanded by CoL Dwight 
Morria— Two hundred guerrillas, encamped on 

VOU v.— DiABT 5 



Shelby fiurm, six miles fronl Danville, Ey., were 
surprised by a party of the Harrodsburgh and 
Danville home guards, who succeeded in killing 
three and wounding several of them, besides cap- 
turing a number of horses. — {Doc, 198.) 

August 26.— A fight took place near Madison- 
ville, Ky., betw^n a Union Torce under Lieut- 
CoL Foster and a large body of rebel guerrillas, 
resulting in the retreat of the latter with consid- 
erable loss. — Lieut 'Col, Foster's Beport, 

— The One Hundred and Twenty-sixth regi- 
ment of New- York volunteers, left Geneva^ for 
Washington, D. C. The regiment was conunand- 
ed by Colonel Sherrill. — The Ninth regiment of 
New-Hampshire volunteers, CoL Enoc^ Q. Fel- 
lows, passed through New- York City for the seat 
of war. It left Concord, N. H., yesterday morn- 
ing. 

— A SKIRMISH took place near Fort Donelson, 
Tenn., between a force of Union troops under 
command of CoL Lowe, Fifth Iowa cavalry, and 
a body of rebel guerrillas under CoL Woodward, 
resulting in the retreat of the latter with the loss 
of their artillery. The Nationals had two lAen 
killed and eighteen wounded. — {Doc, 191.) 

— Brigadier^General Lloyd Tilohxan, in 
accordance with a special order issued by Gene- 
ral Bragg, August 16th, assumed command ^^of 
all abolition and confederate officers and soldiers 
in the vicinity of Vicksburgh, Miss., for the pur- 
pose of being exchanged or paroled,'* and ordered 
them to report immediately at headquarters at 
Jackson, Miss. 

— A LARGE force of Gen. Stuart's rebel cavalry, 
led by Fitz-Hugh Lee, entered Manassas, Ya., 
and, lifter scattering a small body of Union troops 
stationed there, destroyed a railway train, several 
buildings, a large quantity of government stores, 
and other property. — {Doc. 194.) 

August 27. — The British schooner Anna So- 
phia was captured by the United States gunboat 
R. R. Cuyler, while endeavoring to run the block- 
ade of Wilmington, N. C. — ^The draft was post- 
poned in Pennsylvania until September fifteenth. 

— Jakes M. Graham, Assistant Adjutant-Gen- 
eral, sent the following despatch firom Leaven- 
worth, Kansas, to the War Department at Wash- 
ington: 

'^Miyor Champion Yaughan, of General Blunt's 
staff, has arrived at these headquarters with de- 
spatches. Qen. Blunt marched with one thou- 
sand five hundred men from Fort Scott, August 



66 



REBELLION RECORD, 1862. 



[AuouR 29. 



seTenteenth, and followed the rebels u &r north 
as Lone Jack. The enemy declined an engagement 
and commenced a retreat They were hotly pur- 
sued by Gen. Blunt, and driven in utter confu- 
sion across the Osage, with the loss of all their 
transportation and equipments, besides numerous 
arms, prisoners, etc 

** It is considered that the expedition saved the 
Missouri towns and the western border firom de- 
vastation, besides striking terror into the hearts 
of the enemy as far as the Arkansas line. Gen. 
Blunt*s column returned to Fort Scott on the 
twenty-second, having marched nearly three hun- 
dred miles^ in six days. CoL Cloud was left to 
continue the pursuit, and it is not improbable 
that the main force of the rebels will be forced 
to surrender." 

-*-A PARTY of rebel cavalry, under the command 
of Captain White, entered Waterford, Va., early 
this morning, and captured a large portion of a 
company of National cavalry under Capt Means. 
Capt Means escaped. — The Nineteenth regiment 
of Maine volunteers, under the command of CoL 
Frederick D. Sewall, left Bath for the seat of war. 
— ^An enthusiastic war meeting was held at Bos- 
ton, Mass., at which speeches were made by Gov. 
Andrew, Edward Everett, Robert C. Winthrop, 
Senator McDougal of California, and others. — 
Batbe Creek, Ala., was evacuated by the Union 
army under General BuelL 

—The battle of KeUle Run, near Bristow Sta- 
tion, Va., was this day fought by the Union 
forces under Gen. Hooker, and a division of the 
rebel army of Gen. Jackson, under Gen. EwelL 
The engagement lasted for several hours, termi- 
nating only at dark, the rebels retreating with 
great loss.— (i>oc 104.) 

— ^A GREAT war meeting was held in the city of 
New-York, at which speeches were made by Gen- 
erals Mitchel, Foster, Sickles, Walbridge, Cor- 
coran, and Busteed ; Mr. Arnold of Dlinois, Mr. 
Wright, of New-Jersey, CoL Nugent, and others. 

August 28.— A fight took place at Readyville, 
Tenn., between the Twenty-third Kentucky in- 
fantry under the command of CoL Mundy, and a 
large force of rebel cavalry under Gen. Forrest, 
resulting in a rout of the latter with heavy loss. 
— Oineinnati TirneB. 

—General Schofixld at St Louis, Mo., issued 
an order assessing five hundred thousand dollars 
upon secessionists and Southern sympathizers in 
St Louis County — the money to be collected 



without delay, and used in dothing, arming and 
subsisting the enrolled militia while in active 
service, and in providing for the support of such 
families of militiamen as might be left destitute 

— ^A SEVERE fight took place at a point six miles 
west of Centreville, Ya., between the National 
forces under Generals Sigel and McDowell, and 
the rebels under the command of Gen. Jackson, 
who was driven back at all points, with a loss of a 
large number of prisoners.^i>M^ 104 and 199.) 

— Crrr Point, on the James River, Va., wis 
completely destroyed by the National gunboats 
under Commodore Wilkes. For some time tho 
rebels had been firing into the transports passing 
up and down the river, and Commodore Wilkes 
sent them word that if it was not discontinued, 
he would destroy their rendexvoqs. To-day the 
rebels brought down to City Point eight cannon 
and about two hundred riflemen, and attacked 
the Federal flotilla, which at the time was abreast 
of the place, whereupon the gunboats opened 
fire upon them, demolished every building in the 
town, and dispersed the rebel force. 

—Twenty men of the Second (Union) Virgima 
cavalry, under the command of Lieutenant Mont- 
gomery, attacked seventy-five rebel cavalry at 
Shady Springs, ten miles from Raleigh Court- 
House, Va., and completely routed them, taking 
five prisoners. — ^The Union troops occupied Her- 
nando, Miss. 

— ^Thb Secretary of the Treasury issued an or- 
der establishing regulations concerning internal 
and coastwise commercial intercourse, with the 
purpose of preventing the conveyance of arms, 
munitions of war, and' other supplies to the in- 
surrectionary districts, and the Secretaries of War 
and the Navy issued orders directing all officers 
of the army and navy to render such aid as might 
be necessary in canying out said regulations. 

August 29.— The battle of Groveton, in the vi- 
cinity of Bull Run, was fought by the Union army, 
under Gen. Pope, and two divisions of the rebel 
forces, under Generals Jackson and Longstreet 
The engagement commenced early in the morn- 
ing, and terminated only at night, the rebels be- 
ing driven from the field with great loss. — {Dot. 
104 and Supplement) 

— Twelve officers of the Seventy-first regiment 
of Ohio volunteers having published a card, stat- 
ing that they advised Colonel R. Mason, who had 
been cashiered for cowardice, to surrender Clarks- 
ville, Tenn., to the rebel forces, were, by direction 



AuctST SO.J 



DIARY OF EVENTS, 



67 



of the President, dismissed from the service of the 
United States. / 

—At Wilmington, Del., an enthusiastic meet- 
ing was held, at which resolutions were adopted 
denouncing Governor Burton as a rebel and a 
tool of Bajard, and appointing a committee to lay 
the proceedings of the meeting before the Presi- 
dent and Secretary of War. Resolutions were 
ilso adopted expressing a determination to resist 
the draft as made by the Governor. 

—Bwa-GKN. W. P. Barry, late Chief of Artil- 
lery, under Gen. McClellan, was assigned to duty 
as Inspector-General of Artillery, and ordered to 
report to the Chief of Ordnance. 

—The Secretary of War issued an order direct- 
ii^ that the Seventy-first regiment New-York 
Stjite militia be sent to New-York on the thirty- 
first instant, and then mustered out of the United 
States service, the time for which they volunteered 
having expired. — ^Lieut Godfrey Weitsel, of the 
Engineer Corps, was this day appointed a Briga- 
dier-General — ^A meeting called twelve miles 
south-east of Memphis, Tenn., to organize a guer- 
rilla band, was surrounded and eighteen prison- 
ers were captured by a company of National 
troops. 

— A scxsMiSH took place near Manchester, 
Tenn., between a small force of Union infantry, 
under the command of Captain Miller, Eighteenth 
Ohio, and a force of rebel cavalry, under General 
Forrest, resulting in the retreat of the latter, with 
very heavy loss. — Cincinnati Commercial 

— A BBooxNoiTRiNO expedition, consisting of 
two companies of infantry, a battery of two guns, 
and a small troop of cavalry, under the command 
of Col Thomas, Eighth Vermont, left St Charles 
Gourt-House, La., and proceeded to Bonnet Can*^, 
where they dispersed, after a short skirmish, a 
force of rebel guerrillas, and captured over fifteen 
head of oxen, horses, and mules, which were de- 
signed for the use of the rebel army. The expe- 
dition was entirely successful, and returned with- 
out losing a man.— iV. 0. Delta^ Sept 1. 

—The Union gunboat Anglo-American, under 
the command of Captain Riley, left New-Orleans 
and proceeded up the Mississippi River on a re- 
connoitring expedition, as far as Yicksburgh. 
When opposite Port Hudson the Anglo-American 
received the fire of twenty-two guns. She was 
hit sixty Or seventy times, but though completely 
riddled, proceeded on her course. The result of 
the reconnoissance was entirely successful. 



August 80. — ^To-day three battles were fought 
in the vicinity of Richmond, Ky., between the 
Union forces, under Gen. Manson, and a numer- * 
ically superior body of rebel troops, under Gen. 
K Eirby Smith, resulting on each occasion in a 
defeat of the Nationals. The Unionists fought the 
third battle under the command of Gen. Nelson, 
but it ended in their retreat — {Doc. 107.) 

— Thb United States War Department issued 
the following order : ^^ Gen. Burnside commands 
his own corps, except those that have ,been tem- 
porarily detached and assigned to General Pope. 
General McClellan commands that portion of the 
army of the Potomac that has not been sent for- 
ward to Gen. Pope^s command. General Pope 
commands the army of Virginia, flhd all the forces 
temporarily attached to it All the forces are un- 
der the command of Major-Gen. Halleck, General- 
in-Chief." 

— A SEVERE fight took place at Bolivar, Tenn., 
between a body of Union troops, under the com- 
mand of Col. Leggett, Seventy-eighth Ohio, and a 
greatly superior force of rebels, under Gen. Arm- 
strong, resulting, after a contest which lasted for 
more than seven hours, in a rout" of the rebels, 
with great loss. The loss of the Nationals in this 
engagement was five killed, among whom was 
Lieut -CoL Hogg, of the Second Illinois cavalry, 
eighteen wounded, and sixty-four missing. — 
{Doc. 195.) 

— ^BucKHANNON, Va., was this day entered by 
a force of rebel guerrillas, and plundered of a 
large amount of military stores, fire-arms, ammu- 
nition, etc. Private property was respected. Be- 
fore entering the town a skirmish took place be- 
tween the loyal inhabitants and the rebels, but 
the latter being superior in numbers, the Union- 
ists had to give wvLy.— Wheeling Intelligencer^ 
Sept, 4. 

— On the twenty -seventh June last, the rebel 
Governor, Letcher, of Virginia, issued a proclama- 
tion, calling upon the State for a force of ten 
thousand men, to be commanded by Gen. John 
B. Floyd, to be employed in the defence of West- 
Virginia ; but the men not being forthcoming, the 
Governor issued another proclamation under this 
date, emphatically calling upon all officers of the 
State, civil and military, to give the necessary aid 
to expedite the raising of the required troops, and 
to contribute whatever might be proper to render 
them effective. 

— A FioHT took place in the vicinity of Mc- 
Minnville, Tenn., between a body of Union troops, 



68 



BEBELUON BECORD, 1862. 



[Suteiibkb 1. 



under the command of CoL Fjrffe, Twenty-sixth 

• Ohio, and a superior force of rebel cavahy, under 

* General Forrest, resulting in a rout of the latter, 
with considerable loss.'— (-^^ 1®^) 

—The battle at Bull Run, Va., was renewed 
this day, and General Pope, after a desperate en- 
gagement, was compelled to retreat to Centre- 
viUe, Va.— (2>(?<J. 104.) , 

AuguBt 81.— Fredericksburgh, Va., was evacu- 
ated by the Union army under Gen. Bumside. — 
The three bridges over the Rappahannock con- 
structed by the army, the railroad buildings, in- 
cluding the offices of Commissary and Quarter- 
master, containing a quantity of army stores, and 
the machine-shop and foundry, were burned be- 
fore the army left. 

—The One Hundred and Twenty-fifth and the 
One Hundred and Twenty-first regiments, New- 
York State volunteers, commanded by Colonels 
S. L. Willard and Richard Franchet, passed 
through New-York on the way to the seat of war. 
— Huntsville, Ala., was evacuated by the Union 
army under General Buell. 

— Yesterday and to-day the greatest excite- 
ment existed in Boston, Mass., caused by the dis- 
aster to the Union army under General Pope. 
Gov. Andrew having requested contributions of 
linen, etc., for the wounded soldiers, the churches 
were converted into dep6ts for their reception, 
and immense quantities of almost every thing re- 
quired for the sick and wounded came rapidly in, 
until, at five o'clock, nine freight-cars were de- 
spatched, accompanied by six surgeons, for "Wash- 
ton.— <2><?<5. 197.) 

— ^The railway-guard at Medon Station, on the 
Mississippi Central Raihroad, Tenn., was attacked 
by a superior force of rebel cavalry belonging to 
General Armstrong's command, but were met by 
such determined resistance that they retreated, 
suffering great loss. — [Doc 198.) 

— Yesterday and to-day great excitement ex- 
isted in Wheeling, Va., caused by the intelligence 
that Buckhannon had been captured, and that 
Weston and Clarksburgh were threatened by 
strong forces of rebel guerrillas. To-day a militia 
regiment left for Clarksburgh to reenforce the 
garrison already there. — Wheeling Intelligencer^ 
September 1. 

— ^William A. Hammond, Surgeon-General of 
the army, issued the following to the loyal women 
and children of the United States : " The supply 
of lint in the market is nearly exhausted. The 



brave men wounded in defence of their country 
will soon be in want of it I appeal to you to 
com^ to our aid. in supplying us with this neces- 
sary article. There is scarcely a woman or child 
who cannot scrape lint, and there is no way in 
which their assistance can be more usefully given 
than in furnishing us the means to dress the 
wounds of those who fall in defence of their 
rights and their homes." 

— General Maxey's brigade, under the com- 
mand of Colonel McKinstry, of the Thirty-second 
Alabama regiment, attacked the Yankees, one 
thousand two hundred strong, infantry, artillery, 
and cavalry, at Stevenson, Ala., at eleven o'clock 
to-day. After four hours* shelling, the enemy 
evacuated their fortifications, leaving on the 
Nashville trains, common roads and through the 
woods. A large amount of ammunitioa and 
stores was captured. The confederate command 
met with the most cordial reception firom the 
citizens, the ladies urging them not to stop till 
they had killed or captured the entire Yankee 
force. The joy of the citizens was unbounded at 
once more beholding the '^ stars and bars." The 
confederates had engaged the Thirty-second Ala- 
bama, Forty-first Alabama, Twenty-fifth Tennes- 
see, Major Gunter's dismounted partisans, Capt 
Rice's cavalry, and Freeman and Durr's battery, 
the whole numbering nine hundred men. The 
loss was two wounded, none killed. The Yankee 
loss unknown. — Richmond Dispatch^ Sept 2. 

— The steamer Emma, while going down the 
Savannah River, grounded, and was discovered 
by the Yankees. She was fired to prevent her 
from falling into then: hands. She had on board 
seven hundred and forty bales of cottoQ and some 
turpentine. — Savannah Bepullieany September 1. 

September 1.— A severe fight took place at 
Britton'?5 1^1 ny, near Dcnnitirk, Tc*nn , birtwccn .* 
force of irnion troopst, numbering abont e(^i 
hun fired meii^ under the oomroand ciT Cot DtiH 
nis, Thirtieth HUnois, and a larj-^c tiody of ToiMla. 
untldr General ArmBtrii>ng, resulting, after ui «n* 
gn^^o merit of fbur hour»^ duralioiv ta tito nf&^l 
of Llic rebels, who left one himdi^ 
nine of their dead on tho ^ 
loiss in this affair waB ^ 
the N;^tionaIs was c 

-The "^ewf 
ond battle ^* 
citer&i^nt ** 
ttjc bull 
oceurrp-' 




SkrmiBis 2.] 



DIARY OF EVENTS^ 



69 



nents of Gen. McClellan. About noon the Tri- 
bnnei despatches were torn from the boards on 
information being receiyed that the Goyemment 
bad ordered the Tribune office to be closed. — 
Charles J. Ingersoll was discharged from arrest by 
order of Secretary Stanton. — The One Hundred 
ind IVenty-second regiment N.Y.S.V. left Syra- 
cuse for the seat of war. It was commanded by 
Colonel Silas Titus. — Paris, Ky., was eyacuated by 
the National troops, who fell back on Cynthiana. 

^RKAT excitement existed in Louisyille, Ky., 
in consequence of the approach of the rebel army 
under Gen. K Kirby Smith. The Governor of the 
State issued a proclamation authorizing GoL Gib- 
son to organize and bring into the field all the 
able-bodied men in the county of Jefferson and 
city of Loinsvine^ and the Mayor called upon the 
dtiiens to come forward and enroll themselyes 
for the immediate defence of their city. The public 
ardiiyes were removed from .Frankfort to Louis- 
Tille, and the Legislature adjourned to the same 
place. 

—Lexington, Ky., was entered and occupied 
by the rebel forces under Gen. E. Kirby Smith. 
The Union troops eyacuated the place a few hours 
previous, and fell back to Covington. — Natchez, 
Miss., was shelled by the Union gunboats. 

— Tkstekday the rebels commenced an attack 
upon the National forces at Stevenson, Ala., which 
continued until to-day, when ^e rebels retired 
with a severe loss. The fight was brought on by 
the National forces, which had just evacuated 
Huntsvillc, and were on their way to Nashville, 
Tenn. The batteries engaged were Simonton's 
Ohio and one section of Loomis^s Michigan regi- 
ments. They were supported by the Tenth Wis- 
consin and "thirteenth Michigan regiments. — Cin- 
einnati TimsB, September 6. 

—A SEVERE engagement took place at Chantilly, 
near Fairfax Court-House, Va., between the Union 
army under Gen. Pope, and the rebel forces un- 
der Generals Jackson, Ewell and Hill The bat- 
tle lasted for nearly an hour, the rebels being 
driven bade at aU points with great loss. Among 
the killed on the side of the Nationals, were Miyor- 
Gen. Kearny and Brig.-Gen. Stevens. — {Doa. 104 
and 200.) 

—The Secretary of the Navy oflacially promul- 
gated the section of the law concerning the navy, 
which stopped the spirit ration of the sailors, and 
gave notice that it would be rigidly enforced. 
The section reads as follows : 



"^«i(w4. And be it further enacted. That 
firom and after the first day of September, 1862, 
the spirit ration in the navy of the United States 
shall forever cease, and thereafter no distilled 
spirituous liquors shall be admitted on board yes- 
sels of war except as medical stores, and upon 
the order and under the control of the medical 
officers of such vessels, and to be used only for 
medical purposes. From and after the said firsi 
day of September next there shall be allowed and 
paid to each person in the navy now entitled to 
the spirit ration five cents per day in commuta- 
tion and lieu thereo!) which shall be in addition 
to the present pay." 

- PomDEXTER, the notorious leader of guerrilla 
bands in Missouri, was caught twenty miles from 
Hudson, Mo., on the Hannibal and Missouri Rail- 
road. 

September 2. — The following order was issued 
from the War Department at Washington : 

"By du^tion of the President, Major-General 
McClellan will have command of the fortifications 
at Washington, and of all the troops for the de- 
fence of the capital.'* — Gen. Wright, commanding 
Department of the Ohio, issued an order from 
his headquarters at Louisville, Ky., proclaiming 
Jefierson County in that State, to be under mar- 
tial law. 

— The greatest excitement existed in the cities 
of Cincinnati, Ohio, Covington and Newport, Ky., 
in consequence of the reported approach of the 
rebel army under Gen. E. Kirby Smith. General 
Wallace assumed command, and issued a procla- 
mation declaring those cities to be under martial 
Uw. All business was suspended. Saloons were 
closed and liquor of all kinds was forbidden to 
be sold. The ferry-boats were stopped The 
Inhabitants, including judges and dei^gymen, 
met in public places, formed themselyes into 
companies, and began to drill in readiness for 
military duty. A large force was being gathered 
together by Gen. Wallace with which to meet the 
enemy should he make his appearance. 

— The Thirty-sixth regiment of Massachusetts 
volunteers, under the command of Colonel Henry 
Bowman, left Worcester for the seat of war. — ^The 
rebel sloop John Thompson, was captured by the 
United States bark Resdess, Lieut Edward Oon- 
roy commanding: 

— ^Tbis morning at four o*clock a train of one 
hundred wagons, with commissary stores, was 
intercepted by the rebels between Fair&x and 



10 



REBSLUON BIICO&P, 1862. 



[SnrsifBiE 8. 



CentrevUle, Ya., and driyen o£f toward Manassas 
before the party could be overtaken. They se- 
cured the entire train. So soon as this raid in 
the rear of the National army at Centreville was 
known, the necessity of guarding that direction 
became apparent, and at noon the whole army of 
Virginia abandoned Gentreyille, and massed north- 
east of Fairfax Court-House. At noon they again 
took up the line of march, and this evening the 
advance was in sight of Munson^s Hill. The ene- 
my's cavalry followed them in the distance, but 
made no attack, and the entire movement was 
being accomplished in excellent order. (Doe. 104.) 

— ^A LARGE force of rebel cavalry under General 
Scott, entered and occupied Versailles, Ky. — 
Louisville Journal^ September 1. 

— ^A FioHT took place at Morganfleld, Ky., be- 
tween a force of Union troops under command of 
Col. Shackleford, Eighth Kentucky cavalry, and 
a body of rebel guerrillas under Col. A. K John- 
son, resulting in a rout of the latter with con- 
siderable loss. 

— ^A. S. Paddock, Acting Governor of the Ter- 
ritory of Nebraska, apprehending an attack by 
the hostile Indians on the frontier settlements of 
^- that territory, issued a proclamation calling upon 
the citizens of the organized counties of the terri- 
tory to enroll themselves in accordance with pre- 
vious instructions, and that all organized compa- 
nies should meet as often as practicable to perfect 
themselves in drill, that they might be prepared 
for any emergency. 

— The c^iefe of the Wisconsin Chippewa Indi- 
ans, Naw-gaw-nub and Shin-gwack, sent a letter 
to Gov. Ramsey of Minnesota, offering their ser- 
vices in putting down the hostile Sioux Indians, 
who had risen against the whites, in the frontier 
settlements of the latter State. 

— A FIGHT took place near Plymouth, N. C, 
between a force of Union troops under Orderly 
Sergeant Green of Hawkins's Zouaves, aided by 
a portion of the inhabitants of Plymouth, and a 
laige force of rebels under the command of CoL 
Garrett, resulting in a rout of the latter with a 
loss of thirty killed and forty taken prisoners, 
among whom were Colonel Garrett and several 
of his officers.-— (2^. 201.) 

September 8.— At a meeting of the National 
War Committee at New-York City, a resolution 
was passed that Generals Fremont and Mitchel 
be requested, with the consent of the Govern- 
ment^ to organize, in the State of New-York, 



without delay, a corps of fifty thousand men, 
and in case the general Government refused con- 
sent) then application should be made to the State 
Government 

— The Seventeenth regiment of Connecticut 
volunteers, under the command of Colonel Noble, 
left New-York for the seat of war. Elias Howe, 
Jr., the inventor of the sewing-machine needle, 
was a private in this regiment — New- York Even- 
ing Poet, September 4 

— ^Hutchinson, Minn., was attacked by a party 
of one hundred Indians, who, after a fight of more 
than two hours, were repulsed with considerable 
loss. Forest City was also attacked, but the In- 
dians were driven offl — St Peter Prea^ Sept, 4. 

— At New-York this m<»iiing, on the receipt 
of Southern news, a bulletin was posted in front 
of the Journal of Commerce office, stating that 
the rebels were advancing on Baltimore by the 
way of Leesburgh. A crowd gathered in firont of 
the board, and the probabilities of the truth of the 
rumor were noisily discussed. General McClellan 
and his movements were loudly criticised and de- 
fended by persons of different political views. The 
crowd continued to increase till the street was 
quite blockaded, when a squad of police appeared 
and the bulletin was removed, to prevent further 
disturbance. — ^The Ninth Massachusetts battery 
left Boston this afternoon for the seat of war. 

— Major Kehfer, of the Tenth New-York 
cavalry, made a reconnoissance in the immediate 
vicinity of Centreville, Va., capturing four rebel 
soldiers. One of them stated that there were only 
about twenty thousand rebel troops under Gene- 
ral Longstreet, the rest having gone off with Jack- 
son in some direction unknown to him. 

A cavalry reconnoissance made in the vicinity of 
Vienna and Langley, Va., revealed the fiict that the 
rebel cavalry, lately in those neighborhoods, were 
no longer hovering about there. — WcuhingUm 
Star^ September 4. 

— ^Winchester Va., was evacuated by the Na- 
tional troops under the command of General 
White. Yesterday afternoon at three o'clock, 
orders were received from General Pope to evacu- 
ate the town and retreat on Harper's Ferry, Md., 
and this morning at one o'clock the rear-guard 
of Maryland cavalry, iinder the command of Cap- 
tain Russell, left the place, having first set fire 
to the buildings containing the quartermaster's 
stores, and magazines. — The schooner N. Berrf 




BRAXTON BRAGG. 



N>:a-Ym-j^ (.; P iniTW/Ul 



4> 



4J 



DIART OF EVENTS. 



11 



of Camden, M&, haying on board A. J. Hamil- 
ton, a member of Congress, and other refugees 
from Texas, was overhauled near the South- West 
Pass of the Kississippi river, by the United States 
' brigBohio. — Boston Journal 

—The steamer W. B. Terry, with two Dahl- 
gren howitzers on board, while aground in the 
Tennessee River at Duck Shoals, was captured 
by a body of rebel guerrillas. The rebels also 
captured three free negroes, and sold them at 
once into slavery. 

—A SKiBMisH took place near Slaughterville, 
Kjr., between a force of Union troop#tinder Lieut - 
CoL Foster, and a body of rebel guerrilla caval- 
ry, resulting in the defeat of the la^er, who had 
three of their number killed, two wounded, twen- 
ty-fife taken prisoners, including their horses and 
iims.—Lieute7iant FoiUr's EeporU 

— Colonel Shackelford, in command of a nu- 
merically inferior force of Union troops, attacked 
a body of six hundred rebel guerrillas, under 
Colooel Johnson, encamped near Qrieger's Lake, 
Kj., and routed them. Afterwards they rallied 
on the opposite side of the Lake and attacked 
the Unionists. A severe engagement followed, 
listing two hours, when, the ammunition of the 
Union troops becoming exhausted, they retreat^ 
ed, closely followed by the rebels, whereupon 
Colonel Shackelford ordered a charge, and again 
rooted the enemy. After burning the rebel camp 
and remoring the guns, the retreat was i^enewed 
without molestation. 

September 4. — ^On Monday last, September 
first, a detachment of Dodge's New- York Mount- 
ed Rifles were despatched from Suffolk Ya., upon 
a Boout, under the command of M%jor Wheelen. 
The party proceeded nearly thirty-five miles, and 
when about twelve miles west of South-Mills 
they came across a company of rebels, on their 
way toward Richmond. Major Wheebn made 
such a disposition of his force that he succeeded 
in capturing the whole command, consisting of 
two commissioned officers and one hundred and 
eleven privates. The rebel company had gath- 
ered along the route thirty-eight negroes, who 
were tied, and destined for Richmond. This 
morning the prisoners were marched into Suf- 
folk, and placed under a guard from the Third 
regiment New-York volunteers. They were con- 
scripts, intended to fill up old r^ments. 

— Tbb rebels burned three bridges over Ben- 



son Greek, on the Louisville and Frankfort Rail- 
road, about sixty miles east of Louisville, Ky. 

— ^A WAR meeting was held at the halfway 
house, on the Philadelphia and Trenton turnpike, 
between the villages of Andalusia and Eddington, 
Pa., for the special purpose of encouraging re- 
cruiting "to a company of loyal Virginians." 
Patriotic resolutions were adopted and speeches 
made lu^ng the necessity of "immediately put- 
ting foi^h all our energies to sustain our dear- 
bought liberties." 

— ^The Governors of Maine, New-Hampshire, 
Massachusetts and Rhode Island held a session 
at Providence, R. L, with a delegation of the 
New- York National War Committee. 

— Jeff Davis issued a proclamation setting 
apart Thursday, the eighteenth inst., " as a day 
of prayer and thanksgiving to Almighty God for 
the great mercies vouchsafed to our people, and 
more especially for the triumph of our arms at 
Richmond and Mannassas." 

— The rebel war steamer Oreto ran the block- 
ade into the harbor of Mobile, this day. The 
correspondent of the Charleston Mercury gives 
the following account of the steamer: 
• " The vessel is the steam corvette Oreto, now 
called the Florida, and is not an iron-clad. Our 
readers are aware of the difficulties which the 
commander of this ship encountered at Nassau, 
owing to the rigor of the British neutrality regu- 
lations. Having finally escaped fit>m the clutches 
of the Court of Admiralty, Capt Maffitt steamed 
away to the Gulf and boldly ran the gauntlet of 
the blockaders at the mouth of Mobile Bay, in 
broad daylight The Captain was at the time 
sick with fever, as were most of her small crew 
of thirteen men. The Florida ran within sixty 
yards of the Yankee vessels, and her sides are 
peppered all over with shrapnel and grape-shot 
One eleven-inch shell went through her side a 
foot above the water-line, and lodged in the 
" coal-bunkers." The Florida is a beautiful and 
well-armed corvette of great speed. Her arma- 
ment consists of eight guns. Her dash through 
the blockaders, with a sick crew of only thirteen 
men, in broad daylight, is one of the most' daring 
naval exploits of the war. The Florida did not 
fire a shot, as her crew were unable to man even 
a single gun. She had one killed and two 
wounded." 

— ^A SKIRMISH took place near Cumberland Gap, 
between a foraging party of National troops and 



72 



REBELLION RECOBD, 186S. 



[SsFiBom 8. 



a body of rebels, in which the latter were routed 
with considerable loss. — Louiwille Journal. 

— GovERMOB OuBTiN, of Pennsylvania, issued 
a proclamation earnestly recommending the im- 
mediate formation, throughout the State, of vol* 
unteer companies and regiments, in conformity 
with the Militia Act of 1858. Arms would be 
distributed to such organizations agreeably to the 
provisions of the act It was further recom- 
mended that, in order to give due opportunities 
for drill and instruction, all places of business 
should be closed daily at three o'clock. 

— ^Fbedebick Crry, Md., was evacuated by the 
National troops, after they had burned the hos- 
pital and commissary stores, and removed the 
sick and wounded. 

— Major-Genbral George B. McGlellaiy, pur- 
suant to general orders from the "War Depart- 
ment, of the second of September, assumed com- 
mand of the fortifications of Washington and of 
all the troops for the defence of the capital. — 
Joseph Holt, of Kentucky, was appointed Judge 
Advocate General of the army of the United 
States, with the rank of Colonel 

— ^Ravenswood, Va., was entered and occupied 
by a force of rebel guerrillas, who destroyed a 
laiige quantity of wheat and other private pro- 
perty. 

— ^The Peace Society of London, England, 
issued an address to the people of the United 
States, urging that the time had come when an 
attempt should be made to tfrre&t the destructive 
conflict that had been carried on. It deprecated 
any interference with American affairs, but such 
as would prove acceptable to Americans, but 
said: ** Surely the idea of friendly mediation 
may be entertained without any derogation of 
national dignity. It argues that there are only 
two alternatives to issue out of the war — either' 
the utter extermination of one of the parties to 
it, or some form of accommodation and compro- 
mise between the contending sides. Is it not 
better to have recourse to the latter at once, be- 
fore the feelings of the North and South become 
hopelessly inflamed with the most bitter animosi- 
ty and vengeance ?** 

— ^The bark Fannie Laurie, was captured while 
attempting to run the blockade of South-Edisto, 
S. C. — Commodore Du Ponfs Report, 

September 5. — ^The One Hundred and Six- 
teenth regiment of New York volunteers under 
the command of Colonel Chapin, left Bufialo for 



the seat of war. — ^The rebel schooner Rising 
Sun, was captured by the boats of the United 
States steamer Wyandotte, in Brittui's Bay, near 
the month of the Potomac River, Va. — Poolesville, 
Md, was taken possession of^ and a detachment * 
of Massachusetts cavalry stationed there was 
captured, by the rebel forces under Gen. Stuart 
He crossed the Potomac River at Conrad^s Ferry 
without opposition, and was received with ex- 
ultant demonstrations of favor, nearly all the 
population turning out to welcome him. — JPhikh 
delphia Pren, 

— ^Thb One Hundred and Twenty-eighth regi- 
ment of New York volunteers, under the com- 
mand of Colonel David S. Cowles, left Hudson 
for the seat of war. — The ship Ocmulgee, of Ed- 
gartown, Mass., was burned at sea by the rebel 
privateer ** 290," commanded by Capt Semmes. 

— ^Braxton Bragg, the rebel General at Sparta, 
Alabama, issued the following congratulatory 
order to his army: — 

'* Comrades: Our campaign opens auspicious- 
ly. The enemy is in full retreat, wi& consterna- 
tion and demoralization devastating^ his ranks. 
To secure the fruits of tills condition, we must 
press on vigorously and unceasingly. 

** Alabamians ! your State is redeemed. Ten- 
nesseeans I your capital and State are almost re- 
stored without firing a gun. You return con- 
querors. Eentuckians I the first great blow has 
been struck for your freedom. Soldiers from 
other States share the happiness of our more 
fortunate brothers, and will press on with them 
for the redemption of their homes and women.'' 

— Governor Mobton, of Indiana, issued a pro- 
clamation calling upon the inhabitants of the 
counties bordering upon the Ohio River to meet 
at their respective places of holding elections, 
and form themselves into companies for military 
duty, and report to the ColoncH of the Indiana 
Legion ia &eir respective districts* 

— General 'J. S. Morgan, commanding Union 
forces at Key West, Fla., issued an order directing 
that persons of African descent, including those 
held to service or labor under State laws, coming 
within the lines of his command, should be cm- 
ployed in the quartermaster's department The 
order also declared that all persons so employed 
should receive permanent protection against any 
compulsory return to a condition of servitude. 

— Governor Tod, of Ohio, issued a proclama- 
tion infcmxung the inhabitaata of the Stata that 



fl 



DIART OF EVBKTS. 



13 



no more volttnleers were required Ibr the proteo- 
tioo of the dty of OinoinnatL 

Septmher 6. — Olathe, the county-scat of John- 
son County, Kansas, was sacked hy Quantrel. 
He marauding band entered the town about mid- 
n^t, took all the men, including the recent vol- 
unteers, prisoners, and marched them to the 
public square. Two men were killed, and one, a 
young man, mortally wounded while asleep. 
Two brothers, who had enlisted, living about two 
miles from the town, were taken out of their 
house into a oom-fleld and shot down in cold 
blood. The stores and private houses were plun- 
dered. The press of the Olathe* ifirror was 
broken up. The postoffice was entered and 
rifled of its ocmtentfl, and oounty papers, eta, de- 
stroyed. Some government arms and stores were 
also taken. No resistance was made, because 
the citizens and volunteers were completely taken 
by surprise and overpowered. Quantrel had 
about three hundred well-armed and well-mount- 
ed men with him. Twenty-nine of the volun- 
teers were taken out near the border and released 
on parole. — Leavenworth Congervative, 

— A vzoflT. took place near Oacapon Bridge, 
about seventeen miles from Winchester, Ya., be- 
tween a body of Union troops under the command 
of Colonel McReynolds, and a portion of the rebel 
farces under Colonel Imboden, resulting in a rout 
of the rebels and the capture by the (Jnionists of 
all their camp equipage, ammunition, guns, horses, 
mules, etc 

— Thx One Hundred and Twenty-third and 
the One Hundred and Twenty-fourth regiments 
K.T.S.Y., under the oommand of Colonels A. L. 
McDougall and A. Van Horn fiUia, passed through 

^ Xew-Yoric for the seat of war. 

— A TAXsr of rebel cavalry, numbering four 
hundred, attacked the outposts of the command 
of Gen. Julius White, in the vicinity of Martins- 
borgli, Ya., and after a short engagement, were de- 
feated, with a loss of about fifty prisoners, horses, 
and asms. The National loss was iwo killed and 
ten wounded, among the number Oapt Grosvenor 
and liient Logan, of the Twelfth Illinois cavalry, 
the members of which distinguished themselves 
by their bravery and dMiing,-- General Whites 
Despatch. 

— Tks funeral of Mijor-Oeneral Eeazny, who 
was kaifld at the baUle of Ohantilly, on the first 
of September, took place to-day. The remains 
had been oonveyed to his home, aft Bellegrove, 



near Newark, N. J., fnm which place they were 
carried to New-York, escorted by a numerous 
prooession of ^ends and admirers, preceded by 
a band of music and military, both infantry and 
cavalry. On arriving at New- York the cortege 
was met by the Fifth N.Y.S.M. r^ment, and 
escorted to Trinity Church, where the burial ser- 
vice took place. The body was interred in the 
family vault, near the south-west comer of Trinity 
church-yard. 

— The city of Frederick, Maryland, was enter- 
ed and occupied by the rebel army under General 
Lee. The inhabitants manifested no enthusiasm 
on their arrival.^Z><?«. 202.) 

— FoBT Abercbombie was attacked by a party 
of three hundred Indians, who were driven off 
after killing one of the National troops ^d wound- 
ing three others. St, Paul Pioneer^ Sept, 9. 

— WASHDroTON, N. C, was attacked by a large 
body of rebels, who were repulsed with a loss of 
thirty killed and thirty-six taken prisoners, aft^r 
a severe fight of nearly two hours. During the 
engagement, the National gunboat Picket, ex- 
ploded her magazine, kiUing and wounding eight- 
een men. — {Doc, 208.) 

— About forty men of the Fourth Yirginia 
r^ment, under command of Miyor Hall, were 
attacked and surrounded near Ghapmansville, 
Ta., by three hundred rebel guerrillas under 
Colonel Stratton. After a sharp fight, in which 
Major Hall was wounded and Colonel Stratton 
killed, the Nationals succeeded in cutting their 
way out 

— PiKEViLLE, Va., was this day captured by 
a strong force of rebel cavalry, and plundered of 
a large amount of private property. The home 
guard endeavored to resist the rebels, but they 
were too few in number to do so with effect. 

September 7. — Harrisburgb, the capital of Penn- 
sylvania, was the scene of tremendous excite* 
ment. The streets were thronged all the even- 
ing with excited citizens ; and the women were 
excessively alarmed. The report had been scat- 
tered that the women and children were to be 
sent away on Wednesday ; and preparations were 
actually made for .departure. It was also rumor- 
ed that the money and archives of the State had 
been packed, ready to be sent away in case of an 
emergency. 

The arrival of a special train from Hagerstown, 
Maryland, added fuel to the excitement The 
passengers stated that the rebels were at Fk^e- 



M 



REBELUON RECORD, 1862. 



[Sspmon & 



rick, Maryland; that rebel scouts were in and 
about Hagerstown, and that an adyance on that 
place by the rebels was regarded as imminent 
There was also a report from Ghambersburgh 
that a rebel spy had been arrested there, with 
maps and plans of the Cumberland valley in his 
possession. Men then began earnestly to discuss 
meaq^ of defence for Harrisburgh. — The Thirty- 
seventh regiment of Massachusetts volunteers, 
under the command of Colonel Oliver Edwards, 
left Pittsfield for the seat of war. 

— A PARTT of rebels under the command of 
Captain Bowles, a son of J. B. Bowles, President 
of the Bank of Louisville, Ky., made a raid upon 
Shepherdsville, Ky., and burned the bridge over 
Salt River. A guard of eighty-five of the Fifty- 
fourth regiment, stationed at that place, were 
compelled to surrender, but were soon after pa- 
roled. — Louinillfi Democrat, September, 8. 

— Major-General Pope, at his own request, 
was relieved from the command of the army of 
Virginia, and was assigned to the command of 
the Department of the North- West— The Tenth 
regiment of Vermont volunteers, under the com- 
mand of Colonel A. B. Jewett, passed through 
New- York,, en route for the seat of war. 

— Clarksvillb, Tenn., was recaptured by the 
National forces under Colonel W. W. Lowe, com- 
posed of the Seventy-first Ohio, Eleventh Illinois 
infantry, and the Fifth Iowa cavalry. — {Doc. 204.) 

— Governor Robinson, of Kansas, in view of 
the threatening attitude of the Indians on the 
western, north-western, and southern borders of 
the State, and the numerous bands of rebel guer- 
rillas liable at any time to invade the State on the 
east, issued a proclamation calling upon all able- 
bodied citizens not connected with a volunteer 
company, to organize immediately in accordance 
with the militia law, and report to the Adjutant- 
General of the State without ^delay. 

— General George W. Morgan sent the fol- 
lowing, from his headquarters at Cumberland 
Gap, to the editors of Kentucky and the neigh- 
boring States. ** Gentlemen : Please to say to 
the relatives and friends of the soldiers of this 
command that we have good health and good 
spirits, and that our condition in every respect is 
better than that of the enemy who surround us. 
Let our friends do their duty to our country, and 
we will try and take care of ourselves.'' 

September a— -L. C. Turner, Judge Advocate 



of the War Department, issued the following in- 
structions to United States marshals, military 
commandants, and their officers in the several 
States: 

"The quota of volunteers and enrolment of 
militia having been completed in the Sfsvend 
States, the necessity for stringent enforcement of 
the orders of the War Department in respect to 
volunteering and drafting no longer exists. Ar- 
rests for violation of these orders, and for disloyal 
practices, will hereafter be made only upon my 
express warrant, or by direction of the military 
commander or governor of the State in which 
such arrests may be made ; and restrictions upon 
travel imposed by those orders are rescinded.'' 

— ^Botd's Station, Ky., was taken possession 
of by a large force of rebel troops. 

— A MEETING took placc at London, England, 
between the American and British Sunday-school 
delegates, relative to the civil war in the United 
States. The opinion seemed to prevail that the 
end of the war would be also the virtual end of 
slavery. One or two of the English delegates de- 
clared that the North, in attempting to preserve 
the Union and destroy slavery, had the sympathy 
of all Christian men in England. — London Kewe, 
September 9. 

— ^A MEETING of several hundred women ot 
various denominations was held at the Park-street 
Church, Boston, at which a circular was adopted 
to the women of the United States, suggesting to 
them to form circles of prayer throughout the 
land, and to pray fqr the outpouring of the Holy 
Spirit on the entire nation ; for the President and 
his councillors ; for the officers of the army and 
navy; for the soldiers and seamen; for their 
families ; for ministers of the Gospel, and for the 
oppressed of the land ; and agreeing to observe 
Monday of every week as a day of special prayer, 
assembling at ten A.M. and at three p.m. ; eadi ser- 
vice to occupy two hours. — The Fortieth regi- 
ment of Massachusetts volunteers, under the 
command of Lieutenant-Colonel Joseph A. Dal- 
ton, left the encampment at Boxboro' for the seat 
of war. 

— ^This afternoon two companies of the Third 
Indiana cavalry, under command of Major Chap- 
man, went to Poolesville, Md., which they found 
in possession of a rebel cavalry regiment, who 
had planted on a hill to the right of the town one 
field-piece, which was opened on the Nationals 
as they approached. The command did not stop, 



SiRiiim 9.] 



DIARY OF EVENTS. 



H 



but made a chazge through the town. The ene- 
my were thea fonniDg a Une of battle near their 
gun. In a few moments reenforcements came 
upv coousting of two pieces of artillery and 
several oompanies of the Eighth Illinois cavalry, 
who, after a few shots, succeeded in silencing the 
eoemy's pieces when another charge was made 
bj Major Chapman's command, and the rebels 
broke and ran, leaving seven dead on the field. 
Tbe Kationai loss was one man killed; Sergeant 
Dtvid A. FalMs, of company B, and eight men 
wounded, Lieutenants Ladue and Davis, of com- 
pany B, and six men of company A. — Woihing- 
tea Star, September 9. 

—The water stations at Benson and Bagdad, 
Ky., on the Louisville and Frankfort Railroad, 
were destroyed and the road at the latter place 
torn up by a party of rebels. — Ltyuinille Jour- 

—A FIGHT took place at a point on the right 
bank of the Mississippi River, twenty-five miles 
tbove New-Orleans, La., between the Twenty- 
first rcgiihent of Indiana volunteers, and five 
hundred mounted Texan Rangers, resulting in 
the dispersion of the latter, and the capture of a 
greater fart of their horses. — {JDoc, 206.) 

— CoL05EL BsADLEV T. JoHKSON, having been 
ippointed by Qen. Lee, Provost-Marshal of Fred- 
end, Md., on his entrance into that city, issued 
I proclamation addressed to the people of Mary- 
hod, in which he told them that after sixteen 
months of oppression, more galling than the Aus- 
trim tyranny, the victorious army of the South 
brought freedom to their doors ; that its standard 
wared from the Potomac to Mason and Dixon^s 
line; that the men of Maryland had then the op- 
portunity of working out their own redemption ; 
aod he called upon them to do their part, and to 
rise at once. He asked them to remember the 
ceUfl of Fort McHenry, the dungeons of Forts 
U Fayette and Warren ; the insults to their 
wives and daughters ; the arrests, the midnight 
Mrcfaes of their houses, and to rise at once in 
mns and strike for liberty and rights. 

— Gexeral Lbs, commanding the rebel army 
in TJT^nia, issued a proclamation from his head- 
quarters at Frederick, Maryland, addressed to 
tbe people of that State, in which he informed 
them that the ^people of the confederate States 
bad long watched with the deepest sympathy the 
wrongs and outrages that had been inflicted upon 
than by the Govemmeot of the United States ; 



that, believing they possessed a spirit too loft^ to 
submit to such a Government, the people of the 
South had long wished to aid them in throwing 
off the foreign yoke, to enable them again to enjoy 
the inalienable rights of freemen, and restore the 
independence and sovereignty of their State. In 
obedience to this wish the Southern army had 
come among them, and was prepared to assist 
them with the power of its arms in regaining 
the rights of which they had been so unjustly 
despoiled. This was the mission of the Southern 
army. No restraint upon their free will was in- 
tended, no intimidation would be allowed, at least 
within the limits of his army. But it was for 
the people of Maryland to decide their own des- 
tiny, fi*eely and without constraint The array 
would respect their choice, whatever it might be ; 
and while the Southern people would rejoice to 
welcome them to their natural position among 
them, they would do so only when they came of 
their own free will. 

— Governor Bradford, of Maryland, in view 
of the fact that the rebel army under General Lee 
had entered the State and menaced the city of 
Baltimore and other places with a hostile attack, 
issued a proclamation calling upon the citizens to 
enroll themselves at once in volunteer military 
organizations ; that no possible power at command 
might be overlooked in preparing to meet every 
emergency. Arms and accoutrements would be 
distributed to all military organizations, whether 
infantry or cavalry. 

— ^Thb excitement among the people of Penn- 
sylvania, consequent upon the invasion of the 
neighboring State of Maryland by the rebel army 
under General Lee, threatening an advance upon 
their own State, was most intense. Yesterday 
the citizens of Lancaster County held a great 
meeting^ at which they appointed a committee of 
safety, who, to-day, issued an address appealing 
to the inhabitants of every township and borough 
in the county to organize committees of safety ; 
to make out lists of all able-bodied men capable 
of bearing aims; to organize them into compa- 
nies, and drill them daily ; to put in order and 
have ready for immediate service every rifle and 
shot-gun; to provide themselves with ammuni- 
tion ; to form s<}uads of cavalry in every district; 
to arrest every man who uttered a traitorous 
sentiment against the Government, and to watch 
every suspicious character whom they might find 
prowling about their neighborhoods. 

September 9. — ^Xhe greatest excitement existed 



76 



BEBELUON RECORD, 1862. 



[S kwumee 9. 



throughout York and Adams County, Pennsyl- 
vania, as well as at Harrisburgh and throughout 
the Susquehanna region and the Cleveland Val- 
ley. The farmers sent their women and children, 
as well as their cattle, away, and armed for the 
defence of their hemes against cavalry raids. 

At Wilkesbarre all places of business were 
closed All the church and court-house bells 
rang for the people to assemble for drill, at 
which time nearly all the able-bodied men in 
the town, amounting to some htpdreds, as- 
sembled in the public square, formed into com- 
panies, marched to the river bank and drilled. 
Men over sixty years of age fell into the ranks. 
— Willesbarre Record. 

— This afternoon, in latitude 28°, longitude 
W 10', the United States steamer Connecticut 
captured the English schooner Rambler. She 
had run the blockade at Sabine Pass, Texas, 
and was bound to Havana heavily laden with 
cotton. Among the papers found on board was 
a memorandum in writing, directing the cap- 
tain of the Rambler to sell the cotton at Havana, 
and with the proceeds of the sale to purchase 
powder, medicines, army shoes and other contra- 
band articles, and without delay to return to Sa- 
bine Pass. 

— CoLONBL BuRRis, scut in pursuit of the guer- 
rillas under Quantrel, after their attack upon 
Olathe, Mo., overtook them five miles north of 
Pleasant Hill, Mo., and after a short skirmish 
compelled them to retreat, leaving in the hands 
of the Nationals all their transportation and sub- 
sistence, one thousand rounds of ammunition, one 
hundred horses, five wagons, a number of tents 
and other camp equipage, and a large quantity 
of dry goods, and other articles stolen from the 
citizens of Olathe. — Official Report 

— ^Major-Genebai< Banks, in compliance with 
an order issued on the seventh instant from the 
headquarters of Major-General McClellan, assum- 
ed command of the defences of the capital during 
the absence of the General Commanding from 
Washington.— CoL T. L. Kane, of the Pennsyl- 
vania Bucktail Rifles, was appointed a Br^adier- 
General for gallant and meritorious conduct in 
the field. 

— This morning, the Third Indiana and the 
Eighth Xllinois caviilry, the entire force under 
oommand of CoL Famsworth, of the latter troop, 
" " "" * iville, Md., and proceeded toward 
^•S)n approaching Monocacy Church, 



the cavalry discovered the rebel Tidettes guarding 
the cross-roads. Col. Famsworth distributed his 
force, sending companies A and B, of the Third 
Indiana, on the road leading toward Nolansville, 
and other companies in other directions. Com- 
panies A and B, under command of Major Chap- 
man, pursued the rebel videttes for some distance 
on the road to Nolansville, and succeeded in 
taking the regimental flag o^ the Twelfth Virginia 
cavalry, and eight prisoners. During the flight, 
the rebels lost three men killed. The companies 
then joined their squadron, and the entire force 
pushed forward into the town of BamesviUe. Be- 
fore reaching the town, however, they met with 
another small force of rebel cavalry, and after a 
few shots had been exchanged, the rebels fled, 
leaving seven more of their men prisoners. The 
rebels also sustained an additional loss of five 
men killed. In the whole affiur, the Nationals 
had none killed, and only one man wounded. 

To-night, the Eighth Illinois and the Third In- 
diana occupy the town. — If. Y. Times, Sept, 12. 

— MiDDLETOWK, Md., was occupied by the 
rebels this morning, about two hundred taking 
formal possession and declaring martial law. In 
anticipation of such an event, many of the Union 
residents, whose names had been forwarded by 
their secession neighbors to Frederick, left last 
evening and early this morning, thus escaping the 
draft the rebels enforced from the enrolled lists 
taken from the National officer. 

— Gbeat excitement existed in Baltimore, Md., 
in consequence of the apprehended approach of 
the rebel army under General Lee. The authori- 
ties made the most ample preparations to inter- 
cept any movement in the direction of their city ; 
and should the rebels succeed in entering it, to 
receive them in a manner different from that ex- 
pected by them. 

— CoLONBL Shinolbs with a force of rebel cav- 
alry, and three pieces of artillery, made an attack 
on WiUiamsbuif^h, Va., this morning^ AAer hav- 
ing captured the National pickets, they marched 
into town, taking the troops by surpriae. An txt- 
gagement ensued, which lasted about thirty min- 
utes. The National force consisted of the Fifth 
Pennsylvania cavalry. Colonel Campbell, who was 
taken prisoner, together with five captains^ four 
lieutenants, and a few privates. The rebel com- 
mander, Colonel Shingles, and eight of his offi- 
cers and men were killed. 

— Thb U. & hark Braalietts Aetii^ Master M* 



11.] 



DIABY OF KVBNTS. 



77 



V. GiQespie, oommanding, captured the schooner 
Defiance, of Nassau, N. P. 

SepUmher 10. — Frederick, Md., was this day 
mcuated by the rebel army under General Lee. 
-(Doc. 202.) 

-Tax Seventh regiment of Rhode Island vol- 
uoteers, under the command of Colonel Zenas C. 
Bliss, left Providence, for the seat of war in Vir- 
^— The Sixth regiment of Massachusetts 
nilidi^ under the command of Colonel Albert S. 
Foliusbee, peased through New-York, on their 
Tij to Washington. 

-Day before yesterday Colonel Grierson, with 
three hundred and seventy men, can)0 up with 
the enemy beyond Coldwater, near Cochran^s 
Crosa-Roida, Hiss. They were a portion of 
Jackson's and Herson*s cavalry and a number of 
in&ntry, amounting to about one thousand men. 
Tbej irere posted and commenced the attack, 
but were driven two and a half miles through 
lieavj timber. In the affair four of the rebels 
were killed and seventy or eighty wounded. 

At night Colonel Grierson camped between the 
cro^-road and Hernando, remaining Wednesday 
in the latter place, and this morning he moved 
in the direction of Coldwater, and came upon the 
enemVs pickets at Coldwater Bridge, behind 
»bich they lay in force. They fired the bridge, 
hat moved ofl^ and the bridge was so far saved 
that, after some repairs, the Union forces crossed, 
the enemy retiring as they advanced, and Grier- 
v.n entered Senatobia, where he burned the rail- 
rM dep6t and its contents. 

—A FDBUc meeting was held in Susquehanna, 
\ and in accordance with the orders of the 
OoTernor of the State, a company was formed for 
immediate service. Over ninety men signed the 
roll and held themselves in readiness to march at 
au hour's notice. — The draft in Pennsylvania, 
'TIS postponed untQ the twentieth of September. 

—A aivsBB fight took place at Fftyette, Va., 
Mween a force of rebels five thousand strong, 
^ndo* General Loring, and the Thirty-fourth and 
Tliirty-seventh Ohio, under the command of CoL 
Siber, numbering about one thousand two hun- 
dred men, resulting in a defeat of the Unionists, 
▼ith a loss of over one hundred killed and 
vounded.— (2>(x;. 206.) 

— Thb excitement in Cincinnati, 0., consequent 
<m the near approach of the rebel army under 
Oeoenl £. Kirby Smith, still continued. Martial 



law was enforced. The military authorities were 
actively employed in fortifying and preparing the 
city for a vigorous defence. Over one thousand 
squirrel-hunters from the neighboring counties 
came in and volunteered their services. 

— A FORCE of Union cavalry, supported by two 
pieces of artillery, under the command of Captain 
Saunders, acting Colonel of the Sixth United 
States cavalry, left Barnesville, Md., on a recon- 
noitring expedition to Sugax^Loaf Mountain. 
When half-way up the mountain, the Unionists 
encountered a force of rebel infantry supported 
by artillery, and a skirmish ensued in which the 
Unionists were defeated and compelled to retire. 
At night they returned to Barnesville. 

September 11. — ^This morning a forcd of rebel 
cavalry entered Hagerstown, Md. They immedi- 
ately seized twelve hundred barrels of flour, and 
commenced tearing up the railroad in the vicinity 
of the d6p6t The United States Marshal, the 
sheriff^ and other officials left the town as soon 
as the rebels entered, carrying with them the 
public records and other valuables in their differ- 
ent offices. Hundreds of private citizens also 
left the place. 

—In consequence of the reported approach of 
the rebel army under General Lee, the greatest 
excitement existed in Pennsylvania, and especial- 
ly in the cities of Philadelphia and Harrisburgh. 
In the latter city, the Governor of the State issued 
a proclamation, calling for fifty thousand men, 
'* for immediate service to repel the now immi- 
nent danger from invasion by the enemies of the 
country." He also telegraphed to the Mayor of 
Philadelphia to send him twenty thousand men. 
The latter immediately issued an address to the 
citizens, in which he embodied the Governor's 
despatch, and called upon all able-bodied men to 
assemble next morning at the precinct-houses of 
the election districts, in readiness to obey the 
summons to immediate service. 

— ^Thb New-Hampshire Eleventh regiment left 
Concord to-day, en route for the seat of war. — A 
Union meeting was held at Beaufort, N. C, at 
which an address was made by C. H. Poster, of 
North-Carolina. The meeting was largely at- 
tended, and resolutiens of a highly patriotic 
character were adopted. — ^A party of rebels made 
a descent on the National pickets at Ridgeville, 
Ya., and carried off threeof them and several of 
the Union men of the place. Captain Fiery ral- 
lied a souill force, and, pursuing the rebels, 
succeeded in capturing three prisoners and a 



IB 



REBELLIOIT RECORD, 1862. 



[a 



12. 



number of horses. — Wheeling Intelligencer^ Sep- 
tember 18. 

— ^Maysville, Ky., was occupied by the rebel 
forces under Brig. -Gen. R. M. Gano, of General 
E. Kirby Smith's division of the rebel army. — 
Maynille Eaglt, September 13. 

— In compliance with orders from the Secretary 
of War, Gen. Schofield ordered the Provost-Mar- 
shal-General for the district of Missouri to pro- 
coed without delay to carry into effect the confis 
cation act, so far as the provisions of said act 
were subject to be carried into effect by the mili- 
tary authorities of the United States in the dis- 
trict The property liable to confiscation in the 
district was estimated at fifty millions. 

— ^Westminster, Md, was taken possession of 
by five hundred rebel cavalry, under the com- 
mand of CoL Rosser. They came dashing into 
the town at a rapid rate, and immediately pro- 
ceeded to place pickets around the town, to pre- 
vent the citizens firom leaving. A gentleman 
named Crothers, in endeavoring to make his es- 
cape, was fired upon and killed. The rebels 
seized the post-office and the d^p6t ; ascertaining 
that there was a locomotive and two passenger 
and four freight-cars a short distance from the 
town, they also despatched a force and brought 
them in. Upon being established in the town, the 
rebels proceeded to lay hands upon all the boots, 
shoes, and clothing that they could find in the 
stores, for which they tendered in payment con- 
federate money. Seoes.sion sympathizers suffered 
in common with the Union residents, the rebels 
stating that they had been deceived relative to 
the secession feeling in Maryland — Baltimore 
Clipper, September 18. 

— New-Market, Md, was occupied by the 
National forces. 

— ^Thb Union forces stationed at Gauley, Va., 
under the command of Colonel Lightbum, having 
been threatened by an overwhelming rebel force 
in fit>nt, flank, and rear, were compelled to evacu- 
ate that place, after destroying all the Govern- 
ment stores they were unable to carry away. 

— To-day the rebel army under Gen. E. Kirby 
Smith had reached Latonia Springs, Ky., within 
seveh miles of Cincinnati, Ohio, and skirmishing 
between the rebel and Union pickets commenced 
on the banks of the West-Licking River, in the 
Tidnity of that city. At night the rebels began 
to throw up breastworks in front of Fort Wallace. 
The Union forces in Cincinnati were being largely 



reinforced from all parts of the State, and also 
from Gen. Grant's army, several regiments of 
which having arrived there to day. Considerable 
excitement existed in the city, although it was 
considered perfectly safe. 

— ^Bloomfield, Mo., was captured by a lai^ 
body of rebel guerrillas, after a fight of two hours. 
The town was defended by fifteen hundred State 
militia, who, being outnumbered, retired — The 
Twentieth regiment of Connecticut, commanded 
by Col. Samuel Ross, left New-Haven for Wash- 
ington. 

— The Union army under Gen. Buell was on 
the marcl) to the support of Nashville, Tenn., 
which was menaced by the rebel army under 
General Bragg, and eight thousand men from the 
army of General Rosecrans, under command of 
General Jefferson C. Davis, arrived there to-day 
for the purpose of reenforcing General BuelL 

September 12. — ^To-day one hundred and eleven 
rebel prisoners were sent firom Fortress Monroe 
to Aiken*s Landing, Va., for exchange. 

— This morning the rebel army under Gen. E. 
Kirby Smith in full retreat from their position 
before Cincinnati, Ohio, were pursued by a por- 
tion of the Union forces under Gen. Wallace, as 
far as Florence, Ky. — In view of the invasion of 
Pennsylvania by the rebel army under General 
Lee, the City Council of Philadelphia appropriated 
five hundred thousand dollars for the defence of 
the city and State, and gave the Mayor of the 
city full power to act as he might see fit The 
public archives, bonds, and treasure of the State 
of Pennsylvania and cities of Harrisburgh and 
Philadelphia were sent to New- York for safe 
keeping. Many of the capitalists of the State also 
sent their bonds and treasure. 

— ^A noHT took place on the southern bank of 
Elk River, near Charleston, Va., between a Union 
force under Col. Lightbum and a large body of 
rebels, which lasted all day, both parties bivouack- 
ing on the field. The Union forces shelled and 
burned Charleston. 

— Capt. Harbt Gilmer, of Stuart's rebel cav- 
alry, with seven other rebel sympathizers^ while 
being ^^/Sted by their friends,** were arrested at 
the house of Dr. T. L. Williamson, seven miles 
distant from Baltimore, Md, on the Uookerstown 
road, and carried to Fort McHenry. — The Twen- 
ty-first Connecticut, and Eleventh New- Hamp- 
shire regiments, under the command of Cols. A 




BHjr-. (;h:N. n. H. MILROY. 



MM uiB mrmy.—\jLnK. z\r^,j ' potsuion iu Mom&otu Jii wiu» agreeu iuac lae 



SDmcBii 14.] 



DIABT OF EVENTS. 



19 



A. Dalton ftnd Walter Harriman, passed through 
Xew-Tork, en route for the seat of war. 

—A WAR meeting of the wholesale grocers was 
held at New-York City this afternoon, for the pur- 
pose of raising an enlistment fund. Mr. Wm. 
McKenzie called the meeting to order, and nomi- 
uted 6. W. Lane, Esq., for chairman. Dwight 
Toirnsend was appointed secretary. Mr. Lane, 
m Uking the chair, made a few appropriate and 
iDtroductory remarks, after which the following 
resolutioD, presented by Mr. Wm. McKenzie, was 
offered and unanimously adopted : *' Whereas, the 
grocers and the trades connected therewith in the 
atj of New- York desire to aid the Government 
in suppressing the present rebellion against our 
Union and Constitution ; we do therefore Resolve, 
that a committee be appointed by the chairman, 
who shall have full powers to collect money and 
expend the same in procuring men to enlist as 
soldiers in the army of the United States, in such 
a way as shall seem to them most suited to attain 
the object for which the meeting has been called." 
A committee of fourteen was appointed to carry 
(wt the object of the resolution. — Bloomfield, Mo., 
was recaptured by a force of Union troops under 
the command of CoL Boyd. , 

—An important debate took place in the rebel 
HoQse of Representatives at Richmond, Va., upon 
the propriety of an invasion of the Northern 
S^e&,See Supplement 

—The following commands in the army of Vir- 
einia were designated by the War Department : 
Fust corps, Major-Gen. Hooker ; Second corps, 
Hajor-Gen. Sumner ; Third corps, Major-General 
Heiotzelman ; Fourth corps, Major-Gen. Keyes ; 
fifth corps, Major-Gen. FitatJohn Porter ; Sixth 
corps, Major-Gen. Franklin ; Seventh corps, Ma- 
jor-Gen. Dix ; Eighth corps, Major-Gen. Wool ; 
Ninth corpa; Major-Gen. Bumside ; Tenth corps, 
Vajor-Gen. Mitchel ; Eleventh corps, Major-Gen. 
Sedgwick ; Twelfth corps, Major-Gen. Sigel. 

—John Ross, chief of the Cherokee Indians, 
had an interview with President Lincoln, at 
Washington, this morning, with r^ard to the 
rescue of his nation from the rebels. 

—The Union army under General Bumside 
entered Frederick, Md. A slight skirmish oc- 
carred between the Union advanceyguard and the 
rwr-guard of the rebel army,. in which there 
▼ere several men killed and wounded on both 
sides. Great enthusiasm was manifested by the 
inhabitsnts, on the appearance of Gen. Bumside 
ttd his army.— (Da?. 202.) 



— Fbankfort, the capital of Kentucky, was oc- 
cupied by a large force of rebel cavalry under 
Gen. E. Rirby Smith. He issued a proclamation, 
informing the citizens that they must fight for 
him or against him. He also organized a city 
government and appointed a mayor. — N. Y. Times. 

— ^Thb attack upon Harpei^s Ferry, that posi- 
tion being completely invested by the rebel army, 
commenced this afternoon in a skirmish with the 
Union troops upon Maryland Heights, under 
command of Colonel Ford, lasting until sundown. 
—(Doc. 120.) 

September 13. — ^The military excitement in 
Philadelphia, Pa., continued. A large number of 
armed citizens were leaving for Harrisburgh. — 
The Mayor of Harrisburgh issued a proclamation, 
forbidding the citizens to leave town under pen- 
alty of arrest 

— The rebel chief Porter, with about five hun- 
dred guerrillas, made a descent on Palmyra, Mo., 
this moi:ning and released forty rebel prisoners. 
He held the town for a while, but withdrew when 
he heard an engine from Hannibal whistle. Ho 
did no damage whatever. — A force of rebel troops, 
under the command of Gen. Loring, took posses- 
sion of the Kanawha salt-works, near Charleston, 
\9k.-^RichmondDispatch, Sept. 20. 

— The rebels continued the attack upon tho^ 
Union forces on Maryland Heights, who held the 
place until three o^clock, when an order was 
received to spike the guns and remove dowir the 
valley to Harper's Ferry. 

September 14. — The entire National army 
moved from Frederick, Md., at daylight this 
morning, taking the route towards Harper's Fer- 
ry. — Ripley, Va., was occupied by the advance 
of CoL Lightbum's troops. 

— This evening the stockade fort at Bacon 
Creek, Ky., was surrendered to the rebel cavalry 
under Colonel J. J. Morrison. The garrison con- 
sisted of Sergeant Ellis and twenty-eight men of 
company D, Fifty-fourth regiment of Indiana 
home guards. The regiment had been posted at 
different points along the railroad and this squad 
at Bacon Creek. This afternoon, about dark, 
Col. Morrison made his appearance, and, while 
sending in a flag of truce, planted his artillery so 
as to destroy the fort He demanded its sur- 
render, threatening, in case of his refusal, to open 
upon it with \i& artillery. Sergeant Ellis con- 
sulted with the rebel officer, and represented their 
position to Morrison. It was agreed that the 



eo 



REBBUJOK KEOQRP, 1862. 



[SiRSiaBB 16. 



party should be paroled, not to take up arms 
until regularly exchanged or discharged from the 
seryice. The men then surrendered. Morrison 
destroyed the fort and took about fifty guns. 

— s-Maysvillb, Ky., was evacuated by the rebels 
and taken possession of by the National fbrces 
under Ck>loDel Norton of the Twenty-first Ohio 
volunteers. « 

— Gekeral Botlbr, at New-Orleans, La., issued 
the following general order : " As in the dourse 
of ten days it may become necessary to distin- 
guish the disloyal from the loyal citizens and 
honest neutral foreigners residing in this Depart- 
ment, 

V It is ordered that each neutral foreigner, re- 
sident in this Department, shall present himself 
with the evidence of his nationality, to the near- 
est Provost-Marshal for registration of himself and 
fiimily. 

" This registration shall include the following 
particulars : 

"The country of birth. The length of time 
the person has resided within the United States. 
The names of his family. The present place of 
residence, by street, number, or other description. 
The occupation. The date of protection or certi- 
ficate of nationality, which shall be indorsed by 
the Passport Clerk, ^registered,' with date of 
register. 

" All &lse or simulated claims of foreign alli- 
ance by native or naturalized citizens will be 
severely punished.*' 

— General Loring, the rebel commander at 
Charleston, Va., issued the following order this 
day : " The Commanding General congratulates 
the army on the brilliant march fi*om the South- 
west to this place in one week, and on its suc- 
cessive victories over the enemy at Fayette Court- 
House, Cotton Hill, and Charleston. It will be 
raMnorable in history that^ overcoming the moun- 
tains and the enemy in one week, you have es- 
tablished the laws and carried the flag of the 
country to the outer borders of the Confederacy. 
Instances of gallantry and patriotic devotion are 
too numerous to be specially designated at this 
time ; but to brigade commanders and their offi- 
cers and men, the Commanding General makes 
grateful acknowledgment for services to which 
our brilliant success is owing. The country will 
remember and reward you.'* 

— Drafting in the State of Ohio was postponed 
until the first day of October, by order of Goy- 



eraor Tod. — The First Metropolitan re^ment, 
N.Y.S.y., lea Riker's Island for Washington. 

— ^Thb battle of Soath-Mountain, Md., was 
foi^ht this day, between the rebel army invading 
Maryland, un^er General Lee, and the National 
forces, commanded by Geaesals Hooker and Reno, 
resulting in the defeat of the rebels, who, after 
stubbornly contending the whole day, abandoned 
the field of hattie at night, leaving their dead and 
wounded in the hands of the Nationida. The 
loss of the rebels was not known, although it 
was acknowledged to be greater than that of the 
Nationals, which amounted to over two thousand 
killed, wounded, and missing. Gen. Reno was 
among the killed. — {Doc, 119.) 

— The attack upon Harper's Ferry, Md., was 
continued by the rebels this morning in a vigor- 
ous cannonading firom Maryland and Loudon 
Heights, and from Sandy Hook ; the Union troops 
under Gen. Miles replying frequently. 

—The funeral of Col. George W. Pratt, of the 
New-York Twentieth regiment, took place at Al- 
bany to-day. It was one of the largest assem- 
blages ever seen in that city on a similar occa- 
sion. It was attended by the Governor and 
staf^ the Tenth and Twenty-fifth regiments, de- 
putations from Masonic orders, and a number of 
distinguished strangers from New-York and else- 
where. 

— Kv engagement took place at Munfbrdsville, 
Ey., between a force of Union troops stationed in 
that town, under the command of Col. Wilder, 
Seventeenth Indiana, and a lai^ body of rebels, 
under General Duncan, resulting, after a fight of 
seven hours' duration, in the repulse of the rebels 
with great loss.— (Doc* 121 and 207.) 

— ^This evening the Union cavalry at Harper s 
Ferry, two thousand in number, succeeded in 
cutting their way out by the Sharpsburgh road, 
and while so doing captured one hundred prison- 
ers, and the rebel General Longstreet's wagon 
train.— (Z><>c 120.) 

September 15. — The rebels advanced again to- 
wards Cincinnati, Ohio, as far as Florence, and 
drove in the Union pickets. 

— CoLoiiEL McNeill had a two hours' fight with 
Porter's gang of guerrillas, near Shelbume, re> 
suiting in the complete rout of the latter, with a 
loss of two killed and a number wounded. OoL 
McNeill captured twenty wagons and a number 
of horses and guns.— P<mchatoiila» La., was ooco* 



11] 



BIART OF EYENTa 



81 



pied by the National forces under Major George 
C. Strong, of Gen. ButleKs staff— (IXm;. 208.) 

— Harpbr^s Fbrkt, Md, surrendered to the 
rebels ander the command of Gen. Jackson, after 
i contest of three days' duration. — (Doc. 120.) 

September 16, — ^Hajor-Gen. 0. M. Mitchel ar- 
rired at Port Royal, S. C, and assumed command 
of the department — ^A grand Union demonstration 
took place at Jefferson City, La. — PaynesYille, 
Stetms County, Minn., was attacked by a party 
of Indiaiis, who retired after burning one house 
lod committiDg other depredations. — St, FauVs 
Pumeer^ September 20. 

September iT.^The objects of the invasion of 
Pennsyhania were thus set forth in the Richmond 
Ditpateh of this day : " The road to Pennsylva- 
m lies invitingly open. There are no r^;ular 
soldiers on the route, and it would be a task of 
tittle difficulty to disperse the rabble of militia 
that might be brought to oppose them. 

'^ The country is enormously rich. It abounds 
in hi cattle, cereals, horses, and mules. Our 
troops would live on the very fat of the land. 
They would find an opportunity, moreover, to 
tetch the Dutch farmers and graziers, who have 
been clamorous for this war, what invasion really 
is. If once compelled to take his own physic, 
vbicfa is a great deal more than he ever bargained 
fi>r, Mynheer will cry aloud for peace in a very 
short time. For our own part, we trust the first 
proclamation of Pope, and the manner in which 
his army carried it out, will not be forgotten. 
We hope the troops will turn the whole country 
into a desert, as the Yankees did the Piedmont 
coQot^ of Virginia. 

"Let not a blade of grass, or a stalk of com, or 
I barrel of flour, or a bushel of meal, or a sack of 
alt, or a horse, or a cow, or a hog, or a sheep, be 
left wherever they move along. Let vengeance 
be taken for all that has been done, until retribu- 
tion itself shall stand aghast This is the coun- 
try of the smooth-spoken, would-be gentleman, 
HcClellan. He has caused a loss to us, in Vir- 
ginia, of at least thirty thousand negroes, the 
most valuable property that a Virginian can own. 
They have no negroes in Pennsylvania. Retalia- 
tioD most therefore fall upon something else, and 
let it fall upon every thing that constitutes pro- 
perty. A Dutch fimner has no negroes, but he 
htt horses that can be seized, grain that can be 
confiscated, cattle that can be killed, and houses 
that can be burnt He can be taken prisoner 
and sent to libby's Warehouse, as our fiiends in 

VOU v.— DlABT 6 



Fauquier and Loudon, Culpeper, and the penin- 
sula have been sent to Lincoln^s dungeons in the 
North. Let retaliation be complete, that the 
Yankees may learn that two can play at the 
game th^ have themselves commenced. 

^^ By advancing into Pennsylvania with rapid- 
ity, our army can easily get possession of the 
Pennsylvania Central Railroad, and break it down 
so thoroughly that it cannot be repaired in six 
months. They have already possession of the 
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad and the York River 
Railroad. By breaking down these and the rafl- 
road from Philadelphia to Baltimore, they will 
completely isolate both Washington and Balti- 
more. No reinforcements can reach them fi*om 
either North or West, except by the Potomac and 
the bay." 

— CoLONKL DuNHAic, iu commaud of the Na- 
tional garrison at Munfordsville, Ky., surrendered 
to the rebel forces under General Bragg.— (i>a0. 
121.) 

— ^A noBT took place this morning near Dur- 
hamville, Tenn., about twenty-five miles south- 
east, of Fort Pillow, between a detachment of one 
hundred and fifty men, belonging to the Fifty- 
second regiment of Indiana volunters, under the 
command of Lieut Ross Griffin, and a party of 
rebels under Lieut -CoL Faulkner, which resulted 
in the complete rout of the rebels, with a loss of 
eight killed and twenty wounded. The National 
loss was one killed, one missing, and ten wound- 
ed. — Surgeon MartMs Report. 

— Colonel Georgi W. Bebbt, of the Harri- 
son County home guards, left Covington, Ey., 
with six hundred of Colonel Teris's cavalry, 
for the purpose of reconnoitring up the Ken- 
tucky Central Railroad as fkr as Falmouth. Be- 
fore reaching Falmouth, the officer in command 
of the cavalry declined going any farther, and 
started back toward Covington. Colonel Berry 
was not to be baffled in his enterprise In this 
way; so he pushed ahead, in company with 
Greenbury Reed, U. S. Marshal of Bourbon Coun- 
ty, and nine other men, and reached Falmouth in 
a few hours, finding it evacuated by the rebelsL 
The little band had not been there long when 
twenty-eig^t Texan Rangers came into the place, 
and immediately attacked Colonel Berry's small 
force. A desperate fight ensued, resulting in the 
rebels being driven out of the town with a loss 
of two killed, four wounded, and one prisoner. 
One of Colonel Berry's men, named A. McNees, 
from Harrison County, was badly wounded. This 



^ 



82 



BEBELLIOK BEOOBD, 1861 



[8nniiBB If. 



was the only casualty on the National side. The 
rebels threatened to return soon ¥dth a cannon. 
They burnt the raUroad near Fahnouth, in their 
retreat — Oincvmati Commercial, Sept. 20. 

— Brioadisr-Qenbral L. F. Ross, U.S.A., 
commanding at BoHvar, Tenn., issued a general 
order requiring the owners of slaves living within 
ten miles of that place to send in three fourths of 
their male slaves, between sixteen and foHy-flve 
years of age, to be employed upon the fortifica- 
tions. — The guerrilla chief Poindexter escaped 
fix>m the Nationals at Hudson, Ma — St Louis 
Bepubliean, September 18. 

—The ship Virginia, of New-Bedford, Mass., was 
captured and burned by the rebel privateer Alaba- 
ma, Capt Semmes, in latitude 89"* 10' and longitude 
84'> 20'. The privateer when first seen displayed 
Eng^sh colors, but when a quarter of a mile firom 
the Virginia set the rebel colors and sent an 
armed boat's crew aboard. The Captain was in- 
formed that he was a prize to the Alabama, and 
was ordered to take his papers and go on board 
that steamer. The privateers then stripped the ship 
of aU the valuable articles on board, and at four 
p.K. set fire to the vessel. On arriving on board 
the steamer the captain of the Virginia asked 
Semmes to release him, as he was doing no 
harm. His answer was : ^^ Tou Northerners 
ate deitroffing our property, and New-Bedford 
people are having their war meetings, offering 
two hundred dollars' bounty for volunteers, and 
send out their stone fleets to block up our har- 
bors, and I am going to retaliate I" — Captain TiU 
ton^9 Aoeount* 

— This evening, before dusk, a scouting-party 
of fifty-three of the Tenth Kentucky cavalry, un- 
der ^or Foley, when near Florence, Kentucky, 
engaged a party of rebels one hundred and one 
strong. The rebels, after a short engagement, 
were routed, with a loss of five killed and seven 
wounded. Among those killed was one citizen, a 
rebel sympathizer. The National loss was one 
killed and one wounded. The enemy sent in a 
flag of truce, asking permission to bury their dead 
and take care of their wounded, which was fgnski- 
vdL^-Cincinnati Commereial, September 18, 

— Ik the rebel House of Representatives, at 
Richmond, an luiimated discussion was held on 
the bill autiiorizing a suspension of the writ of 
habeae corpus. 

Mr. Conrad, of Louisiana, was in fkvor of an 
esrly opportunity to discuss the bill If Congress 
should fiul to pass such a law, drcumstanoes 



might arise in which the President might be com- 
pelled to suspend the writ without authority. 

The Richmond Examiner in commenting on 
the debate, strongly denounced the proposition 
of Mr. Conrad. — Eiehmond Examiner, Sept, 20. 

— ^The battle of Antietam, Maryland, was fought 
this day between the National forces under (hssi 
McClellan and the rebel army commanded hj 
General Robert £. Lo^—iDoc. 122.) 

— LiECT.-CoLOHEL KiLPATRicK, of the In Har- 
ris cavalry, made a reoonnoissance up the road 
fix>m Edward's Ferry to Leesburgh, Va. 

At Goose Creek he met a rebel force, and dis- 
persed it with artillery. On arriving at Lees- 
burgh he encountered a regiment of in&ntry and 
a battalion of cavalry. A sharp action took place, 
and the rebels were driven from the town, the 
Tenth New-Tork pressing them at the point of 
the bayonet A regimental flag, several guns and 
a number of prisoners were captured. 

— Governor Cubtin of Pennsylvania announc- 
ed that seventy-two thousand men had responded 
to his call for the defence of the State, and that 
he expected that the number would be increased 
to one hundred thousand. These men were fiir. 
nished with equipments, and moved to the State 
border as rapidly as possible. 

— The rebel House of Representatives passed 
a bill authorizing Jeff Davis to call into the mili- 
tary service, for three years or during the war, 
all white male citizens of the rebel States, between 
the ages of eighteen and forty-five years. Such 
persons to serve their full term ; no one being 
entitled to a discharge because he might have 
passed the age of forty-five before such term of 
service expired. 

— ^An expedition consisting of the United States 
gunboats Paul Jones, Cimerone, and three other 
steam vessels, left Port Royal, S. C, on the thir- 
teenth instant, and proceeded to the Saint John^s 
River, Florida, where they arrived to-day. They 
immediately attacked the rebel batteries, and, 
after a few hours* shelling, succeeded in dismount- 
ing most of their guns, greatly damaging their 
breastworks, and completely silencing them. 

— Cumberland Gap, Tenn., was evacuated by 
the National forces under the command of Gen. 
George W. Morgan. — (See Supplement.) 

— In consequence of the reported approach of 
the rebel army under General K Kirby Smith, 
considerable excitement existed in Louisville, 
Kentadqr* Xhe troops commenced fortifying the 



20] 



BIART OF EVENTS. 



83 



city. Negroes were impressed to throw up rifle- 
pit8 tnd dig bretstworks. 

September 18. — ^The whale ship Elisha Dunbar 
of New-Bedford, Mass., was captured and burned 
bj the confederate privateer Alabama, in latitude' 
80* 60; and lon^tude 85*" 20'. 

— Chables S. Olden, Governor of New-Jersey, 
issned a proclamation to the people of that State, 
setting forth the condition of the country and 
affing upon the young men to enroll themselves 
in the uniformed companies, and perfect them- 
lelTcs in drill, in order that they might defend 
their homes in case the State should be invaded. 

— Ths bridge on the Hatchie River, four miles 
north of Memphis, Tenn., was burned by a party 
of rebel guerrillas. — ^The rebels evacuated Har- 
pcr^B Feny, Va. 

— Turn rebel General Bragg, issued a procla- 
mation from his headquarters at Glasgow, Ky., 
bibrming the people of that State that he had 
come with the confederate army cf the West to 
oSkr them an opportunity to iree themselves from 
the tjranny of a despotic ruler. They came not 
IS conquerors or despoilers, but to restore to them 
the liberties of which they had been deprived by 
a cmel and relentless foe ; to guaranty to all the 
Baodity of their homes and altars, to punish with 
a rod of inm the despoilers of their peace, and to 
avenge the cowardly insults to their women. 

September 19. — General McClellan, from his 
headquarters near Aniietam, Md., sent the fol- 
lowing despatches to the War Department at 
Washington: 

8.30 A.K — ^But little occurred yesterday ex- 
cept skirmishing. Last night the enemy aban- 
dooed his position, leaving his dead and wound- 
ed on the field. We are again in pursuit I do 
Dot know whether he is falling back to an interior 
poBtion or crossing the river. We may safely 
daim a victory. 

lO.dO A.1I. — General Pleasanton is driving the 
enemy across the river. Our victory is com- 
plete. Th« enemy is driven back into Virginia. 
Maryland and Yir^nia are now safe. 

—Is the rebel House of Representatives in ses- 
sion at Kachmond, Ya., Mr. Foote offered the fol- 
lowing resolution : 

J2eao2eed; by the Congress of the confederate 
States of America, That the signal success with 
which Divine Providence has so continuously 
blessed our arms for several months past, would 
My justify the confederate Government in des- 



patching a commissioner or commissioners to the 
Government at Washington City, empowered to 
propose the terms of a just and honorable peace. 
— Biehmand Examiner^ September 20. 

— General Halleck issued the following cir- 
cular from his headquarters at Washington : 

"Major-General Foster, commanding the De- 
partment of North-Carolina, has called attention 
to an article in the New-Tork EteiMng Post of 
September 4, in which is published the numbers 
and positions of his troops. He remarks that 
the New-Tork papers always reach the enemy in 
a few days after publication, and that such in- 
formation from our friends is more injurious than 
that gained by the rebel spies. The newspaper 
press is earnestly requested to make no publica- 
tion in regard to the numbers and movements of 
our troops. 

*' No information could be more desirable to the 
enemy than this. Such publications have done 
inunense injury to our cause.*' 

— Ths funeral exercises over the remains of 
Major-General Reno took place to day in Trinity 
Church, Boston, Mass. Bishop Eastman ofSciat- 
ed. Governor Andrew and other State officials 
were present 

— Tbe battle of luka, Mississippi, was fought 
this day by the National forces under General 
Rosecrans and the rebels under the command of 
General Price.— <i>a{». 126.) 

September 20. -- Commander George Henry 
Preble, senior officer in command of the blockad- 
ing squadron off Mobile, having permitted the 
steamer Oreto to run the blockade, was this 
day dismissed the naval service of the United 
States. — The correspondence between General 
Butler and General Phelps reUtive to the contra- 
band negro question in Louisiana, was this day 
made public by General Phelps. 

— ^Ybstbrdat a skirmish occurred near Owens- 
boro, Ky., between a force of Union troops under 
the command of Colonel Netter, and a lai^e body 
of rebel guerrillas. At the first fire Colonel Net- 
ter was killed, when the Nationals retired, per- 
mitting the rebels to ride through and through 
the towa To-day the guerrillas were attacked 
near the town by about four hundred and fifty 
of the Spencer (Ind.) home guards, under the 
conomand of Lieutenant-Colonel Wood, First In- 
diana cavalry, and routed with great loss. The 
home guard had two men killed and eighteen 
wounded. 



84 



REBELUOK RECORD, 1862. 



[ScpTBitBn 21 



— ^A riGBT took place near Shirley's Ford, 
Spring River, Mo., between the Third Indiana 
regiment, Colonel Ritchie, and a force of about 
six hundred rebels, among whom were some 
eighty or ninety Cherokee Indians, resulting in 
a rout of the latter with a loss of sixty or seventy 
killed and wounded. — 8t, JoupKs JouttmL 

— Last night a rebel force consisting of Stuart's 
cavalry and the Hampton Legion, with one regi- 
ment of infantry and seventeen pieces of artillery, 
crossed the Potomac at Williamsport, Maryland, 
and occupied that town ; but, to-day, ascertaining 
that a strong Union force under General Couch 
was approaching, they drew in their pickets and 
safely recrossed into Virginia. The rebel troops 
committed no improprieties while they occupied 
the town, beyond forcing the citizens to open 
their stores and sell their goods for confederate 
money. 

— ^A noHT took place at Blackford's Ford be- 
tween a body of Union troops under the com- 
mand of General Sykes, and a numerically much 
superior force of rebels, resulting in the retreat 
of the Unionists, who retired in good order across 
the Potomac.— (jDoc. 210.) 

— ^Thb United States ram Queen of the West, 
under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel Lip- 
pincott, with two transports laden with troops, 
while on a reconnoitring expedition on the Mis- 
sissippi River, were fired into at Prentiss, Miss., 
by a band of rebel guerrillas, killing two and 
wounding eight Lieutenant-Colonel Lippincott, 
with one hundred men of the Thirty-third Illi- 
nois infantry, immediately landed and burned the 
town. 

Septemher 21. — ^Munfordsville, Ky., was to-day 
occupied by a force of Union troops under CoL 
Edward McCook. They drove out a large force 
of rebel cavalry, without anjr Union loss. The 
rebels lost a colonel and a lieutenant-coloneL 

— Trb United States ram Queen of the West, 
under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel Lip- 
pincott, accompanied by two transports laden 
with troops, while reconnoitring on the Missis- 
sippi River, in the vicinity of Bolivar, Miss., were 
attacked by a party of rebel guerrillas, who open- 
ed fire upon them with grape, canister, and mus- 
ketry. The Queen of the West returned the fire, 
which was kept up for half an hour, the rebels 
pursuing the boats for two miles. Three men 
wesre killed and one man wounded on the ram 
and transports in this affiur. 



— Cassville, Mo., occupied by about one hun- 
dred rebel troops, was this day attacked by a de- 
tachment of the First Arkansas cavalry, under 
the command of Captain Gilstray, and captured, 
completely routing the rebel force, killing and 
wounding a number, and taking nineteen prison- 
ers. They also captured a number of horses and 
fire-arms. 

— Thb officers of the ^Jnited States SaniUrj 
Commission received at New-Tork a telegraphic 
despatch from San Francisco, California, an- 
nouncing that the citizens of that city had con- 
tributed one hundred thousand dollars for the 
relief of sick and wounded soldiers and seamen 
of the National army and navy. 

— ^The Union force at Shepherdsville, Ky., un- 
der Colonel Granger, commanding the post, were 
attacked by a body of rebel cavahy ; but, after 
a short skirmish, the rebels were repulsed, with 
a loss of five killed and twenty-eight taken pri- 
soners. 

September 22. — James F. Robinson, Governor 
of Kentucky, in view of the near approach of the 
rebel army under Gen. R Kirby Smith, for the 
purpose of attacking Louisville, issued a procla- 
mation calling upon the people of that city to 
rally for the defence of their homes, and attach 
themselves with such arms as they had, to the 
military forces under General Nelson. 

— A SKIRMISH took place near Stuiigeon, Mo., 
between a Union force under the command of 
Major Hunt, and a band of guerrillas under Capt 
Cunningham, in which the latter were •ompletely 
routed. — The Tenth regiment of New-Hampshire 
volunteers, under the command of Col. Michael 
T. Donahue, left Camp PiUsbury, near Manches- 
ter, for the seat of war. 

— ^A FIGHT took place at Ashby^s Gap, Ya., be- 
tween a reconnoitring force of Union troops under 
the command of Col. R. B. Price, Second Penn- 
sylvania cavalry, and a rebel force under Lieut - 
CoL Green, resulting in the defeat of the latter 
with considerable loss. Among the prisoners 
taken were Col. Green and two of his lieutenants. 

— ^President Lincoln this day issued a procla- 
mation declaring that hereafter as heretofore, the 
war would be prosecuted for the object of practi> 
cally restoring the Union ; and "that on the first 
day of January, in the year of our Lord one thou- 
sand eight hundred and sixty-three, all persons 
held as slaves within any State^ or any designated 
part of a State, the people whereof shall then be 



Bcmiaan 24.] 



DIARY OP BVENTa 



85 



in rebeUion against the United States, shall be 
tfaea, thenceforward, and forever, free." Secreta- 
ry Seward addressed a drcular to all the diplo- 
matic and consular agents of the United States, 
on the same 8abject^2>06. 125.) 

September 23.— Three hundred Sioux Indians, 
imder Little Crow, attacked Colonel Siblej^s com- 
mind near Yellow Medicine, Minn. The battle 
hgted two hours, resulting in the repulse of the 
Indians with the loss of thirty killed and a large 
Dumber wounded Four whites were killed and 
from thirty to forty wounded — (Ihe. 209.) 

-This being the last day for taking the oath 
of allegiance, at New-Orleans, La., in accordance 
with the order of Gen. Butler, the City Hall and 
Custom House in that city were besieged by thou- 
sands, desirous of araOing themselves of the privi- 
le^— The schooner Nellie was captured by the 
Um'ted States steamer Alabama. 

r-Tsis morning the town of Sutton, Va., was 
attacked by a body of about one hundred rebel 
ciTalry, but were repulsed by the Union force 
guarding the post, under Major Withers, Tenth 
Virgmia^ and driven nine miles, when, the rebels 
being reenforced, the Unionists retired, but being 
in their turn pursued, and being greatly outnum- 
bered, they abandoned their position and fell back 
to BuUtown. — Wheeling Intelligencer, 

— CoL05iL SwiTZBR, Sixty-socoud Pennsylvania, 
in command of his own regiment, with a section 
of the First New-York artillery, and GriflBn's bri- 
gade, crossed the Potomac from Maryland into Vir- 
ginia at Reynolds's Ford, below Shepherdstown, 
Vl, and captured over four hundred rifles, most- 
ly maiked ** London, 1862," and a twelve-pounder 
n6cd brass cannon of English nuuiufiu^ture. The 
capture was accomplished without firing a shot ; 
tbe rebel pidtets fidling back as the Union men 
vifanoed 

— Tbb One Hundred and Forty-ninth (Fourth 
^^KMidaga) regiment, nine hundred strong, oom- 
Bttnded by CoL Hmry A. Bamum, left Syracuse 
^ Washington at nine o'clock this morning. 
They went by way of Geneva, Elmira and Harris- 
btti^Sh through Baltimora CoL Bamum was not 
>hle to go with the regiment further than jElmira, 
not having fully recovered from his wound re- 
eeif ed on the Virginia Peninsula. 

^-Miioa-GENSRAL Wright, in a special order 
i^ed at Cinchmati, Ohio, declared that the 
^1y prohibition of business after four p.m. was 
"Kmded. On every Saturday, after two p.m.. 



business of every kind was to be suspended until 
five P.M., during which interval all able-bodied 
men in Cincinnati, Covington, and Newport were 
to meet for drill Passes to citizens, except to 
enter the military lines, and passes issued under 
the orders regarding the drafting of the enrolled 
militia, were dispensed with. In dispensing with 
the daily drills and suspension of business, the 
General Conmuinding had in view the relief^ as 
far as was practicable, of the people from burdens 
to which they had not been accustomed, but 
would impress upon the minds of all the fact that 
danger had not passed away ; that the present 
military organization must be rigidly adhered to 
and carefully preserved. He thanked the citizens 
for the general alacrity with which they sprung 
to arms and entered upon the labor for the com- 
mon defence, and the patience with which they 
had borne the various restrictions imposed upon 
theuL 

— Governor Curtin, of Pennsylvania, issued 
an order returning thanks to the people of that 
State for the manner in which they responded to 
his call for fifty thousand volunteers to resist in- 
vasion. — The National War Committee of the 
city of New- York held a special meeting, at 
which the sub-committee submitted an addendum 
to their report of the fifth instant, having relation 
to their conference with the Governors of the 
New-England States, concerning the adoption of 
measures to hasten forward troops to the seat of 
war. 

— Yesterday the steamer Eugene, plying be- 
tween Cairo and Memphis on the Mississippi 
River, carrying the United States mail and a 
large number of passengers and troops, was at- 
tacked at Randolph, Tenn., by a band of rebel 
guerrillas, but she got off. This, on the arrival of 
the boat at Memphis, bein^ reported to General 
Sherman, commanding the Union forces there, he 
despatched, in the steamers Ohio Belle, and Eu- 
gene, a force of troops who to-day burned the 
town. — Cincinnati Commercial, 

— The day on which the draft was to take place 
in Pennsylvania was postponed to the sixteenth 
October. { 

— The steamer Emma was boarded at Foster's 
Landing, on the Ohio River, by a party of rebel 
guerrillas, who, after plundering her of all they 
wanted, allowed her to proceed. 

Septmnber 34 — ^President Lincoln issued a pro- 
clamation ordering that during the existing insur- 



REBELUON RECORD, 1862. 



[SmuBiB 26. 



rection all persons discouraging enlistments, re- 
sisting militia drafts, or guilty of anj disloyal 
practice affording aid and comfort to the rebels^ 
should be subject to martial law and liable to 
trial and punishment by court-martial or military 
commission ; also suspending the writ of hdbeoi 
corpus with reference to all persons arrested, who 
were then, or during the rebellion should be, im- 
prisoned in any camp, arsenal, military prison, or 
other place of confinement by any military au- 
thority, or by the sentence of any court or mili- 
tary commission. — (Doe. 211.) 

— Governor Curtin, of Pennsylvania, issued a 
proclamation dismissing the militia troops that 
were called into service for the purpose of resist- 
ing the invasion of the State by the rebel army 
under General Lee. 

— At Carlisle, Pa., the office of the American 
Volunteer was destroyed by a party of citizens 
and the "^Anderson Troop,'' on account of an 
editorial reflecting severely upon President Lin- 
coln and his Administration. 

— ^The Convention of the Governors of the 
loyal States, was held at Altoona, Pa., in ac- 
cordance with a request of the Governors of Ohio, 
Pennsylvania, and Western Virginia. An address 
to the President of the United States was adopt- 
ed, pledging their cordial support of the Govern- 
ment in the prosecution of the war for the restor- 
ation of the Union. The members of the Con- 
vention also recommended that a reserve army of 
one hundred thousand men for one year's service 
should be called forth. They also indorsed the 
emancipation proclamation, and paid a full tribute 
to the valor of the army in the field. 

— General Beaureqard assumed comnumd of 
the department of South-Carolina and Georgia. 

— The rebel Senate passed a bill furnishing 
the Confederacy with a seal, or coat of arms. "In 
the for^round a confederate soldier, in the posi- 
tion of charge bayonet; in the middle distance, 
a woman with a child in fitmt of a church, both 
with hands uplifted in the attitude of prayer ; for 
a background a homestead on the plain with 
moimtains in the distance, beneath the meridian 
sun ; the whole surrounded by a wreath com- 
posed of the stalks of the sugar-cane, the rice, the 
cotton, and the tobacco-plants, the maigin in- 
scribed with the words, * Seal of the Confederate 
States of America,' above, and ' Our Homes and 
Constitution' beneath."— J^icAmoiwi Whig, Sep- 
Umber Vi, 



— General Butler issued an order fiK>m his 
headquarters at New-Orleans, directing all per- 
sons, male or female, within his department, of 
the age of eighteen years and upwards, who had 
ever been citizens of the United States, and had 
not renewed their all^iance to the United States, 
or who held or pretended any allegiance or sym- 
pathy with the rebel States, to report themselves, 
on or before the first October next, to the near- 
est provost-marshal, with a descriptive list of all 
their property, real, personal, and mixed, made 
out and signed by themselves, with as much par- 
ticularity as for taxation. — General Orders No. 76. 

S^tember 25.— The One Hundred and Sixtj- 
ninth regiment of New-York volunteers, com- 
manded by CoL Clarence Buel, left Camp Cor- 
coran, at Troy, for the seat of war.* The One 
Hundred and Fifty-seventh regiment New- York 
State volunteers, CoL Philip P. Brown, left Ham- 
ilton for Washington City. — ^The Convention of 
loyal Governors, at Altoona, Pa., adjourned to 
meet again in Washington, D. C. 

— Sabine Pass, Texas, was this day attacked 
and captured by the United States steamer Ken- 
sington, under the command of Acting Master 
Crocker, assisted by the mortar-boat Hemy 
Janes, and blockading schooner Rachel Seaman. 
— See Supplement 

— Judge T. W. Thomas, in the Superior Court, 
Elbert County, Geoxgia, in the case of James M. 
Lovinggood, decided that the rebel conscript act 
was unconstitutional, and that, therefore, the 
plaintiff was entitied to his liberty. 

S^tember^^, — ^The Fifth and Sixth regulars, 
with Capt Robertson's battery of horse-artillery, 
went out firom Bolivar Heights, Md., on a recon- 
noissance, under command of Major Whiting of 
the Second cavalry. At Halltown, five miles off, 
they encountered the rebel pickets, and drove 
them in. Approaching vrithin a mile and a half 
of Charlestown, they met the reb^ in force, with 
infantry, cavalry, and one battery. There was 
considerable picket-firing, but no casualties on 
the National side. The expedition, ascertaining 
that the enemy occupied Charlestown in force, 
returned, bringing five or six prisoners. Several 
of them rode horses branded ** U. S.," which they 
said were captured at the first Bull Run battie. 

— ^Thb rebel General Bragg issued a proclama- 
tion fix>m Bardstown, Ky., addressed to the peo- 
ple of the North-Westem States, announcing the 
motives and purpose of his presence with an army 




BRir.GEX DAVID B BIHXF.Y. 



DIABT OF BYENISL.-. 



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8if iJUUB i9.] 



BIABT OF EVEKTa 



87 



unoDg them. He infonned them that the free 
nivigttion of the Mississippi River was theirs, 
ftnd alwajs had been, without striking a blow. 

—A suBKisH took place near Warrenton Junc- 
tion, Va., between a reconnoitring force of Union 
troops, under tho command of CoL McLean, and 
a body of rebel caralry, resulting in a rout of 
the latter, leaving in the hands of the Nationals 
a lug6 quantity of commissary and quartermas- 
ter's stores. 

— Thb Twenty-sixth New-Jersey regiment, one 
thousand strong, left Newark, N. J., to-day, en 
nuU for the seat of war. — ^The Twenty-third 
regiment New-Jersey volunteers, GoL Cox, one 
thousand strong, fully equipped, left Gamp Gad- 
wilader this morning, in steamers, for Washing- 
ton. 

—In the rebel House of Representatives ma- 
jority and minority reports were submitted by 
the Committee on Foreign Affairs, to whom had 
been referred certain resolutions relating to the 
policy of the war, and which recommended to 
Jeff Davis the issuing of a proclamation offering 
the free navigation of the Mississippi River and 
its tributaries, and the opening of the market of 
the Sooth to the inhabitants of the North-Western 
States, upon certain terms and conditions. — An 
ansuccessful attempt to capture the steamer For- 
est Queen was made at Ashport^ Tenn., by a 
band of rebel guerrillas under Gapt Faulkner. — 
L9Hi$nU6 Jifwmal, September 80. 

S^ten^^er 27. — The Thirty-first regiment of 
Xew-Jersey volunteers, under the command of 
Colonel A- P. Berthoud, left Flemington to-day 
for Washington, nine hundred and seventy-seven 
EtroDg, armed with Enfield rifles. 

-~ Two infimtry and one cavalry regiment, un- 
der command of Golonel Toland, of the Thirty- 
fuarth Ohio regiment, made an ineffectual attempt 
to capture Jenkins's rebel cavalry, in camp at 
Bo^o, on the ELanawha River, Va. His troops 
adranced in three directions from Point Pleasant 
The centre oolunm surprised Jenkins's cavalry, 
fire hundred strong, before the other columns 
anrived, drove the rebels out of their camp, and 
captured and destroyed all their camp equip- 
age, killing seven, and capturing nine. They 
parsued them about one and a half miles, when 
they were reinforced by two regiments of in- 
fantry and three pieces of artillery. The Na- 
tknal force then fell back without the loss of a 



— Major John J. Key was dismissed firom the 
service of the United States for having replied to 
the question propounded to him — ^' Why was not 
the rebel army bagged immediately after the bat- 
tle near Sharpsburghf — that it was "not the 
game; that we should tire the rebels out and 
ourselves ; that that was the only way the Union 
could be preserved, we come together fiiitemally, 
and slavery be saved." 

— AuotrsTA, Ky., was captured by a force of 
rebel guerrillas, under Gaptain Basil Duke. The 
home guard, under the command of Golonel 
Bradford, vigorously attacked the rebels firom the 
houses ; but, being outnumbered, they were com- 
pelled to surrender, but not before killing and 
wounding a large number of their enemies. — 
(Doe. 212.) 

September 28. — The rebel steamer Sunbeam 
was captured off New-Inlet by the United States 
gimboats State of Georgia and Mystic, while at- 
tempting to run the blockade at Wilmington, 
N. G. She had a cargo of gunpowder and brandy, 
valued at a quarter of a million dollars. 

— ^Three companies of Union cavalry and a bat- 
tery of two brass howitzers, under the command 
of Golonel Gharles G. Dodge, made a reconnois- 
sance firom Suffolk, Va., to a point on the Black- 
water River, twenty-five miles distant, putUng a 
body of rebel in&ntry to flight after a sharp en- 
gagement 

September 29. — General Jefterson G. Davis 
shot General William Nelson at the Gait House, 
in Louisville, Ey., killing him almost instantly. 

— A. W. Bradford, Governor of Maryland, 
issued an order rendering the thanks of Mary- 
land to General McGleUan and the officers 
and men under his command, and to Governor 
Gurtin and the militia of Pennsylvania, for the 
prompt expulsion of the rebel army fix>m Mary- 
land ; also thanking the Maryland troops engaged 
in the battles. 

— A RRiOADB of cavalry, under command of 
Lieutenant-Golonel Karge, made a successfiil re- 
connoissance firom Gentreville, Ym, to Warrenton, 
capturing and paroling sixteen- hundred rebels, a 
portion of whom were on duty, and the remain- 
der in hospital On their return. Lieutenant Y(H'k, 
when between Manassas and Bull Run, took a 
captain and twenty men of the Seventeenth South- 
Garolina regiment prisoners, and paroled them. 

— In the rebel House of Representatives, at 
Richmond, Ya., Mr. Semmes, of Louisiana^ submit- 



88 



REBELLION BECX)RD, 1862. 



[SiPTSIfBXE SO. 



ted a joint resolution declaring Preaident Lincoln's 
Emancipation Proclamation to be '* a gross viola- 
tion of the usages of civilized warfiu^" as well 
as " an invitation to an atrocious civil war," and 
theroforo should be counteracted by such severe 
retaliatory measures as, in the judgment of Jeff 
Davis, "may be best calculated to securo its 
withdrawal or arrest its execution." A general 
debate theroupon ensued, in which the opinion 
was freely expressed that the ** blade flag'' should 
be raised, and no quarter given during the re- 
mainder of the war. The resolution was then 
referred to the Judiciary Committee. — The Gov- 
ernor of Maryland ordered the draft in that State 
to be postponed until the fifteenth day of Octo- 
ber. 

— Briqadier-Genbral Rodman died in a house 
not far from Hagerstown, Md., of the wound he 
received at the battie of Antietam. 

— Major-General Halleck issued a circular 
to the Governors of the several States, urging 
them to fill up the vacancies of commissioned 
officers who had fallen in battles in such large 
numbers, by appointing deserving non-commis- 
sioned officers and privates who distinguished 
themselves in batUe, and had evinced a capacity 
to command, to the vacant places. 

— S. B. BucKNER, Major-General of the rebel 
army, issued a proclamation at Bardstown, Ky., 
calling upon the people of the State to arise for 
the defence of the rights of the Confederacy, and 
no " longer to submit to make themselves instru- 
ments in the hands of New-Eogland to make war 
upon our own interests, and upon the interests 
of our brothers of the South." 

— To-DAT a force of Union troops consisting of 
Famsworth's brigade of cavalry, accompanied by 
Gibson's and Tidbairs batteries, crossed the Po- 
tomac from Maryland into Virginia below Shep- 
herdstown. They reconnoitred the country for a 
distance of five or six miles, and discovered that 
the rebels still held their position in the vicinity 
of Winchester. 

— The Twenty-second regiment of New-Jersey 
volunteers, nine months' men, left Trenton for the 
seat of war. The regiment was fully equipped, and 
composed principally of young men firom the farm- 
ing districts. — Brig. -Gen. Quincy A. Gillmore, 
having been assigned by General Wright to the 
command of the district of Western Virginia, en- 
tered upon his duties to-day, establishing his 
headquarters at Point Pleasant — ^A spirited cav- 



airy skirmish took place near Sharpsburgh, Md.,> 
in which the rebels were dispersed, and a squad 
of them captured. — Baltimore American^ Sep- 
tember 80. 

— Three hundred and sixty-tlu'ee disloyal citi- 
zens of Carroll County, Mo., were assessed eleven 
thousand dollars by the Board of Commissioners 
appointed under General Order No. Three, for 
killing and wounding loyal soldiers and citizens, 
and for.taking property belonging to said persona. 
The sums levied ranged from two to one thousand 
dollars on each person. 

September 80. — A fight took place at Newtoma, 
Mo., between a foroe of Union troops under the 
command of Gkn. Salomon, and a body of rebels 
under CoL Cooper, resulting in the retreat of the 
Nationals. — (Doc. 218.) 

— Commodore Harwood, commanding Potomac 
flotilla, reported to the Navy Department that the 
rebel bomb-proof magazines at Lower Shipping 
Point, Va., had been destroyed, under the super- 
intendence of Lieut Commander Magaw. They 
were seven in number, and the work was found 
heavier than was anticipated. A small body of 
rebel cavalry made its appearance, but dispersed 
upon the discharge of a volley of musketry fit>m 
the Nationals. 

—A FIGHT took place at Russellville, Ky., be- 
tween a force of Union troops under the com- 
mand of Colonel Harrison, Seventeenth Ken- 
tucky, and a body of about three hundred and 
fifty rebels, resulting in a rout of the latter with 
a loss of thirty-five of their number killed and 
ten taken prisoners. — Grayson, Ky., was this 
day entered and occupied by a force of rebel 
troops. 

— The Twenty-fourth regiment of New-Jersey 
volunteers, nine months' men, left Camp Cadwal- 
lader, at Beverly, this morning in steamers, via 
Philadelphia^ for the seat of war. 

— ^CoLONEL Barton, of the Forty-eighth New- 
York, with the left wing of his regiment, and 
with the steamboats Planter and Starlight, ha.v- 
ing guns aboard, started by order of Major-Gen- 
eral Mitchel, to destroy the extensive salt-works 
at Blufflon, S. C. After a slight delay, occasioned 
by the Planter's going aground, he arrived, and 
his men, under Captain Strickland, landed and 
drove in the pickets. The boats then ascended 
the river, and, at sight of them, the rebels, having 
no batteries, fled, leaving the expedition to accom- 
plish its purpose and return in safety. 



OeroBB L] 



DIART OF EVENTS. 



80 



Oeuiber 1.— The adtmnce of General Sill's divi- 
sioo, indading the Fifth brigade, under CoL Ed- 
wird N. Kirk, had an engagement with a body 
of rebel caTahy on the east bank of Flojd's Fork, 
Ky., where they were hearily posted on the hills. 
Their pickets were engaged by a squadron of the 
Fourth Indiana carahy and driven back upon the 
aiin body, where they were held in check until 
die in&niry came up. Detachments of the Thir- 
tj-fourth Illinois and SeYenty-seyenth Pennsyl- 
Ttnia were thrown forward as skirmishers, and 
drore them from their position. No sooner had 
the firing commenced than CoL Kirk, who had 
just sufficiently recovered from his wound re- 
odTed at Shiloh to take the field, dashed forward, 
direcdog all the movements and ever ready to 
tike sdrantage of every position. After driving 
them ftbout three miles, and being unable to over- 
take the flying enemy, a section of Gapt Edger- 
to&*8 battery was brought to bear upon them at 
a distance of about one thousand yards, which 
only accelerated their retreat The cavalry then 
charged and drove them some two miles farther, 
vhoi, night coming on, the chase was abandoned 
and the troops went into camp. In their retreat, 
the rebels left behind a large quantity of small 
ammunition. — LouinilU JoumaL 

—The rebel Legislature of Virginia, in session 
at Eichmond, passed an act prohibiting the sale 
and removal of salt out of the State, and regulat- 
ing its sale and distribution in the State. 

— CoLOHSL Babton, wlth a detachment of the 
Forty-eighth New-Tork regiment, under Captain 
Lent, and of the Tlurd Rhode Island artillery, 
Qoder Capt Gould, went up the Savannah River, 
aod shelled a battery at Cranston's Blufi^ and a 
IHcket at the *' Needles.'' The rebels replied, but 
their guns were of so short a range that they were 
easily silenced. — ^The rebels evacuated Shelby- 
Tille,Ky. 

—William E. Hahuk, having been appointed 
a special provost-marshal for the State of Rhode 
Island, this day issued a series of regulations, 
UBODg which is the following : ** It is expected 
that the dtisens of the State will cheerfully and 
from a sense of du^, codperate with this depart- 
ment in ai<ting the General Government in sup- 
pressing the existing rebellion, by promptiy re- 
porting to these headquarters the names of all 
disloyal persons, and by giving information of 
any treasonable practices, which shall come to 
thdr knowledge, to the end that the instructions 



of the Government may be fully and effidenfly 
carried out" 

— ^A FioBT occurred near GaUatin, Tenn., be- 
tween a force of Union cavalry under the com- 
mand of Col. Stokes, First Tennessee, and a large 
body of rebel guerrillas under CoL Bennett, re- 
sulting in a complete rout of the latter with a 
loss of forty killed, a large number wounded, and 
thirty-nine taken prisoners. CoL Bennett was 
wounded, and his brother, Robert Bennett, was 
among the prisoners. — LowmiUe J&urnal, Oet. 18. 

— A PARTV of nine National pickets captured a 
rifle-pit near Bachelor's Creek, about fifteen miles 
from Newbem, N. C, and dispersed a superior 
force of rebels. — The Unionists in Camden Coun- 
ty, N. C, petitioned President Lincoln for per- 
mission to drive all the rebel fiimilles out of the 
county. If granted, they promised two loyal re- 
giments for the Union. 

—The United States Western gunboat fleet 
was this day transferred from the War to the 
Navy Department 

— ^The Richmond Whig o( this date speaks of 
President Lincoln's proclamation as ordaining a 
servile insurrection in the confederate States, and 
says it is not misunderstood North or South. *^ It 
is a dash of the pen to destroy four thousand 
millions of our property, and is as much as a bid 
for the slaves to rise in insurrection, with the as- 
surance of aid from the whole military and naval 
power of the United States." It speaks of the 
cruelty of the Administration, and says Butler is 
a saint compared with his master. ** Our military 
operations," it says, *^ are henceforth to assume 
a very grave character. The fiend's new pro- 
gramme will necessarily destroy all terms between 
us. The next campaign will be a tremendous one, 
both for the magnitude and character of the oper- 
ations. Let our authorities prepare the whole 
strength of our people for the tremendous shock. 
The enemy is making great preparations, as well 
as issuing fiendish proclamations. We must 
respond with equal energy. K we do not, we are 
lost But we will do it" 

— ^A roRGK of Union troops, under the command 
of General Pleasanton, crossed the Potomac from 
MaryUmd into Virginia at Shepherdstown, for the 
purpose of making a reconnoissance. They ad- 
vanced to Martinsburgh, which was occupied by 
Hampton's brigade of rebel cavalry, and four pieces 
of artillery, which they engaged, and after a short 
contest drove them horn the town. On their re- 



90 



REBELLIOX BECORD, 1862. 



[OCTOBKl S. 



turn, and when near Shepherdstown, the rebels 
attacked them, when a sharp skirmish took place, 
resulting in a retreat of the rebels, with a loss of 
about sixty killed, and nine or ten taken prison- 
ers, with their horses and equipments. The Na- 
tionals had twelve men wounded, and three were 
taken prisoners.—- (2><>e. 214.) 

— Majorftt and minority reports relative to 
President Lincoln*s enumcipation proclamation, 
were submitted to the rebel Senate at Richmond, 
Va., by the judiciary committee, to whom the 
subject was referred. — In the rebel House of Rep- 
resentatives, Mr. Lyons, of Virginia, introduced a 
series of resolutions proclaiming the character of 
President Lincoln's emancipation proclamation ; 
exhorting the people of the rebel States to kill 
every officer, soldier, or sailor of the United States 
found within their borders ; declaring that after 
the first January, 1868, no Union officer ought 
to be captured alive, or if recaptured should be 
immediately hanged ; and offering a bounty of 
twenty dollars, and an annuity of twenty dollars 
for life to every slave and free negro who should, 
after the first of J&nuary next^ kill a Unionist. 
The resolutions were referred to the committee 
on foreign affairs. 

— ^The Union army under Gen. Buell left Louis- 
ville, and proceeded towards Bardstown, Ky. 

October 2. — ^Yesterday President Lincoln, ac- 
companied by Major-Qeneral McGlemand, of the 
army of the West, and others, visited Harper's 
Ferry, Va. 

^— In the rebel House of Representatives, Mr. 
Foote reported a set oi resolutions, the title of 
which was as follows : ** Joint resolutions recog- 
nizing the practical neutrality of the States of 
California and Oregon, and of the Territories of 
Washington and Nevada, suggesting the advan- 
tages which would result to the people thereof 
upon an immediate assertion on their part of their 
independence of the United States ; and propos- 
ing, upon their so doing, the formation of a league, 
offensive and defensive, between said States and 
Territories and the confederate States of Amer- 
ica." 

— ^A FIGHT took place near Olive Hill, Ky., be- 
tween the home guards of Carter County and a 
thousand rebels under the guerrilla Moigan. Mor- 
gan commenced the attack, but, after several hours* 
skirmishing, he was repulsed, losing several of 
his men. He retreated towards the Licking 
River, destroying thirty-five houses on his route. 



— This day a Union force under command of 
General Foster, accompanied by gunboats, left 
Washington, N. C, and advanced upon Hamil- 
ton, taking possession of that place and driving 
the rebels toward Tarboro, 

— General Scott^s letter, reviewing the course 
he piursued relative to the forts and arsenals at 
different points during the incipient stages of the 
rebellion, was published in the National Intelli 
gencer. 

— A SERIES of skinxushes occurred to-day along 
the Bardstown turnpike, in the vicinity of Mount 
Washington, Ky., between the advance-guard of 
the Union army under General Buell and the 
rebel forces under General £. Kirby Smith. 

October 8. — The rebel General Bragg issued an 
order f^om his headquarters at Lexington, Ky., 
ordering that the paper currency of the confeder- 
ate States should be taken at its par value in all 
transactions whatever, public or private. The 
order also stated that tiie refusal to take it, or 
the exaction of exorbitant prices, would be treat- 
ed as a military offence, and punished accordingly. 

— ^The advance brigade of Gen. Geo. W. Mor- 
gan's command, fi*om Cumberland Grap, reached 
Greenupsburgh, Ky., after a march of sixteen 
days. Many of them were **hatless, shoeless, 
and naked." They had marched twenty miles a 
day, skirmishing with the rebels as they ad- 
vanced. 

— Clement C. Clay, Senator firom Alabama, 
submitted the following preamble and resolution 
in the rebel Congress in session at Richmond, 
Va.: 

WhereaSy It is notorious that many and most 
flagrant acts violative of the usages of war, of the 
rights of humanity and even of common decency, 
have been, and still are being, perpetrated by the 
forces of the United States upon the persons and 
property of citizens of the confederate States ; 
and, whereas, such outrages cannot be fully 
known and believed whilst resting only in the 
oral statements of citizens in different and remote 
States, and in the hasty paragraphs of newspapers 
published in the different and remote localities ; 

Now, therefore, that the evidences of the said 
outrages may bo collected and preserved in a 
permanent and credible form, and the truth of 
history thus vindicated, and the perpetrators de- 
livered to the just indignation of present and fu- 
ture generations, 

RewUed^ That a Committee of thirteen Sena- 



OffraiiB4.] 



DIARY OF EVENTS. 



91 



tors, or of one from each State, be appmnted hj 
the President of the Senate, whose duty it shall 
be to take, or cause to be taken, in such manner 
and form as thej shall prescribe, the testimony 
in relation to such outrages, and after making re- 
port at such time as they shall deem proper, the 
report and the testimony shall be deposited in the 
Department of Justice ; and that the objects of 
this resolution may be attained, the Committee 
shall hare power to send for persons and papers. 

—A UznoN expedition, consisting of one thou- 
and tf^ hundred troops and seven gunboats, 
from Hilton Head, S. C, under command of Gen. 
Bruman, which had concentrated at St John's 
Rirer, Fla., attacked and occupied the rebel forti- 
fications on St John's Blufl^ capturing nine guns 
and a laige quantity of munitions, provisions, and 
camp equipage abandoned by the rebels in their 
retreat The gunboats afterward ascended the 
river to Jaduonville, the rebels retreating at their 
approach. 

—From his headquarters near Sharpsburgh,^ 
Mi, General McClellan issued a congratulatory 
order to the army under his oomnuind, for the 
victories achieved by their bravery at the battles 
of South-Mountain and Antietam. Fourteen 
guns, thirty-nine colors, fifteen thousand five 
hondred stand of arms, and nearly six thousand 
prisoners taken from the enemy, were, he said, 
evidences of the completeness of their triumph. 

—A jonrr resolution was adopted by the Vir- 
^ia (rebel) Legislature, providing that no person 
vithin that State should be tried or imprisoned 
for driring therefrom or putting to deatii, by any 
means, any person, with or without arms, who 
might be found on that soil aiding or abetting, or 
ia any other way giving effect in that State or its 
borders to the "lawless and fiendish proclama- 
tioQ** of President Lincoln to liberate the staves. — 
m^hmond Diapatehj October 4. 

— This morning a fight took place along the 
^b of the Btackwater River, in the vicinity of 
Franklin, Va., between three Union gunboats. 
Commodore Perry, Hunchback, and Whitehead, 
Qoder the command of Capt Flusser, and a force 
of rebel troops nearly nine thousand strong, re- 
sulting, after an engagement o^ six hours' dura- 
tion, in the killing and wounding of a large num- 
ber of the rebels, when the gunboats retired with 
a loss of nineteen killed and wounded. 

— Thb ships Brilliant and Emily Famham were 
this day captured by the rebel steamer Alabama, 



in lat 40°, Ion. SO"* 80', the crews taken ofl^ the 
ships plundered of their provisions and valuables, 
and burned. 

— ^A RBcoNNOiTRiNO expedition, consisting of 
three r^ments of infiuitry, a regiment of cavalry, 
and a battery of artillery, under the command of 
Acting Brig. -Gen. Spear, left Suffolk, Va., and 
proceeded to the Blackwater River opposite Frank- 
lin, where the rebels were discovered in consider- 
able force. An artillery fight ensued, resulting 
in the retreat of the rebels with a loss of about 
thirty killed and sixty wounded. The Nationals 
then returned to camp. — National Intelligencer^ 
October 7. 

October 4. — ^The battle of Corinth, Miss., was 
this day fought between the Unioii army, under 
Gen. Rosecrans, and the rebel forces, under Gens. 
Price, Van Dom, and LovelL The engagement 
resulted in a rout of the rebels. The loss on 
both sides was very severe, and particularly in 
officers. Gen. Hackleman fell mortally wounded 
while leading his brigade to the charge. General 
Oglesby was severely wounded. Nearly a thou- 
sand prisoners, besides the wounded, were left in 
the hands of the Nationals.— (2>oc. 127.) 

— At Frankfort, Kentucky, Richard Howes 
was inaugurated rebel Governor of that State. 
Gen& Bragg and Humphrey Marshall were pre- 
sent at the ceremonies, and made vituperative and 
bitter secession speeches. In the afternoon the 
railroad bridge leading out of the dty was de- 
stroyed, and all the rebel infantry departed for 
the South, leaving ScotVs rebel cavalry in occu- 
pation. 

—The Military Exemption Act passed the rebel 
Congress, in session at Richmond, Va. It ex- 
empts police for sections of coimtry having dense 
negro population. Secures the liberty of the 
press, by exempting editors and such help as 
they require in their business; exempts em- 
ployes of transportation and telegraph compa- 
nies, ministers of the Gospel, physicians, shoe- 
makers, tanners, blacksmiths, wi^on-makers, 
millers, superintendents and employes on Gov- 
ernment works, overseers of plantations, and one 
man to every five hundred head of catUe. The 
exemption act passed April twenty-first was re- 
pealed.— J^ie^mond Examiner^ October 6. 

— ^Thb Secretary of War issued an order, pub- 
licly reprimanding Capt George H. Johnston for 
communicating an official report of a confidential 
character and for censuring his superior officers. 
— General Orders^ No. 161. 




i-v-- ,...^.- -..■'■■ ■ .■ 



T 



NI/VkGp.n t: D. KKYKS 



I.. • ., -I- 



•* 



OeioBiE 4.] 



DIARY OF irVENTS. 



91 



ton, or of one from each State, be appointed hj 
the President of the Senate, whose duty it shall 
be to take, or cause to be taken, in such manner 
tnd form as thej shall prescribe, the testimony 
in relation to such outrages, and after making re- 
port at BQch time as they shall deem proper, the 
report and the testimony shall be deposited in the 
Depirtment of Justice ; and that the objects of 
tliis resolution may be attained, the Committee 
shall bare power to send for persons and papers. 

—A IJ510N expedition, consisting of one thou- 
sand fiTe hundred troops and seven gunboats, 
from Hilton Head, S. C, under command of Gen. 
Bruman, which had concentrated at St John's 
Rirer, Fla., attacked and occupied the rebel forti- 
fications on St John's Blufl^ capturing nine guns 
and a laige quantity of munitions, provisions, and 
camp equipage abandoned by the rebels in their 
retreat The gunboats afterward ascended the 
river to Jacksonville, the rebels retreating at their 
approach. 

— Fbom hia headquarters near Sharpsburgh,^ 
Md., General McClellan issued a congratulatory 
order to the army under his command, for the 
victories achieved by their bravery at the battles 
of South-Mountain and Antietam. Fourteen 
guns, thirty-nine colors, fifteen thousand five 
bimdred stand of arms, and nearly six thousand 
prisooers taken from the enemy, were, he said, 
eTidences of the completeness of their triumph. 

—A jonnr resolution was adopted by the Vir- 
^ia (rebel) Legislature, providing that no person 
within that State should be tried or imprisoned 
for driving therefrom or putting to death, by any 
means, any person, with or without arms, who 
might be found on that soil aiding or abetting, or 
io any other way giving effect in that State or its 
borders to the ** lawless and fiendish proclama- 
tJon** of President Lincoln to liberate the slaves. — 
Richmond DUpatek^ October 4. 

--This morning a fight took place along the 
banks of the Blackwater River, in the vicinity of 
Fraoklin, Ya., between three Union gunboats, 
Commodore Perry, Hunchback, and Whitehead, 
imder the command of Capt Flusser, and a force 
of rebel troops nearly nine thousand strong, re- 
solting, after an engagement o^ six hours' dura- 
tioo, in the killing and woimding of a large num- 
ber of the rebels, when the gunboats retired with 
a loss of nineteen killed and wounded. 

— Tbb ships Brilliant and Emily Famham were 
this day captured by the rebel steamer Alabama, 



in lat 40°, Ion. SO"" 80', the crews taken ofl^ the 
ships plundered of their provisions and valuables, 
and burned. 

—A BEcoNNOiTRiNO expedition, consisting of 
three r^ments of infiintry, a regiment of cavalry, 
and a battery of artillery, under the command of 
Acting Brig. -Gen. Spear, left Suffolk, Va., and 
proceeded to the Blackwater River opposite Frank- 
lin, where the rebels were discovered in consider- 
able force. An artillery fight ensued, resulting 
in the retreat of the rebels with a loss of about 
thirty killed and sixty wounded. The Nationals 
then returned to camp. — National Intelligencer^ 
October 7. 

October 4 — ^The battle of Corinth, Miss., was 
this day fought between the Union army, under 
Gen. Rosecrans, and the rebel forces, under Gens. 
Price, Van Dom, and Lovell. The engagement 
resulted in a rout of the rebels. The loss on 
both sides was very severe, and particularly in 
officers. Gen. Hackleman fell mortally wounded 
while leading his brigade to the charge. General 
Oglesby was severely wounded. Nearly a thou- 
sand prisoners, besides the wounded, were left in 
the hands of the Nationals. — (Doc, 127.) 

— At Frankfort, Kentucky, Richard Howes 
was inaugurated rebel Governor of that State. 
Gens. Bragg and Humphrey Marshall were pre- 
sent at the ceremonies, and made vituperative and 
bitter secession speeches. In the afternoon the 
railroad bridge leading out of the dty was de- 
stroyed, and all the rebel infantry departed for 
the South, leaving Scott's rebel cavalry in occu- 
pation. 

— The Military Exemption Act passed the rebel 
Congress, in session at Richmond, Va. It ex- 
empts pdioe for sections of coimtry having dense 
negro population. Secures the liberty of the 
press, by exempting editors and such help as 
they require in their business; exempts em- 
ployes of transportation and telegraph compa- 
nies, ministers of the Gospel, physicians, shoe- 
makers, tanners, blacksmiths, wagon-makers, 
millers, superintendents and employes on Gov- 
emment works, overseers of plantations, and one 
man to every five hundred head of cattle. The 
exemption act passed April twenty-first was re- 
pealed. — Biehmond Examiner^ October 6. 

— ^Thb Secretary of War issued an order, pub- 
licly reprimanding Capt George H. Johnston for 
communicating an official report of a confidential 
character and for censuring his superior officers. 
—-General Orders, No. 161. 



92 



REBELLION RECORD, 1862. 



[OcroBne 



— ^A LARGE and enthusiastic meeting of citizens 
was held at the Cooper Institute, New- York City, 
for the purpose of expressing sympathy with the 
loyalists of Alabama, Mississippi, and East-Ten- 
nessee. Speeches were made by R. N. Harens, 
who presided, General W. K. Strong, Colonel 
R H. Shannon, and Rev. Mr. Carter, of Ten- 
nessee. 

— A Union gunboat ran past the rebel battery 
at Fort Point, Galveston, Texas, under a heavy 
fire, and the authorities of the town were noti- 
fied that four days would be allowed for the re- 
moval of the women and children and the surren- 
der of the town. The rebel battery was de- 
stroyed and the troops retreated to Virginia 
Point — Richmond DUpaU\ October 25. 

— A FIGHT occurred near Bardstown, Ky., be- 
tween the advance-guard of Gen. Wood^s forces, 
mider the command of Major Foster, and the rear- 
guard of the rebel army, under Gen. Polk. The 
rebels were under cover of the undergrowth, from 
which they fired two or three volleys into the 
ranks of the Unionists with such effect that they 
became panic-stricken and fled back on the main 
body of the army, which, coming up, threw a few 
shells among the rebels and scattered them in all 
directions. — Cincirmati Commercial, Oct 6. 

— A coMPANT of the Fifty-fourth Pennsylvania 
r^ment, guarding the Baltimore and Ohio Rail- 
road bridge at Paw Paw, were attacked by a su- 
perior rebel force and taken prisoners. At the 
same time a force of Union cavalry, under the 
command of Col McReynolds, captured the en- 
campment of the rebels, with two guns, ten 
wagons, and sixty horses. 

October 5. — Colonel Egan, in command of the 
Fortieth New-York regiment, crossed the Poto- 
mac at Nolan^s Ferry, on a reconnoitring expedi- 
tion, and proceeded to Leesburgh, Va., where he 
captured a rebel wagon-train containing the per- 
sonal effects and official papers of the rebel Gen. 
Longstreet, and a quantity of army supplies. 
Several fine horses, beef-cattle, and a caisson 
filled with ammunition, were also captured. 

— General Crittenden's corps left Bardstown, 
Ky., in pursuit of the retreating rebel army under 
General Bragg. — Union troops made a landing at 
Fort Point, near Galveston, Texas, but did not 
permanently occupy the island. — Richmond Di$- 
patehj October 26, 

—The rebel forces under General Price, in full 
retreat from Corinth, pursued and harassed by 



the National forces under Gens. Ord and Horl- 
but, reached the Hatchie River, where they made 
a stand. The Unionists attacked them, and, after 
seven hours* hard fighting, the rebels broke and 
retreated in disorder, leaving their dead and 
wounded, and losing four hundred prisoners and 
two batteries. 

— Scowls rebel cavalry, at Frankfort, Ky., cat 
one span of the bridge leading to South-Frank- 
fort, took all the paper and ink belonging to the 
State printer, and left for the South. — A Unioa 
force, under the command of Col. Bruce, attacked 
a party of rebels, six miles north of Glasgow, Ky., 
killing and capturing a few, and taking a number 
of horses and cattle. 

—Jacksonville, Fla., was occupied by the 
Union forces under General Brannan. 

October 6. — The rebel forces in Kentucky were 
flying in great haste from town to town, closely 
followed by the Union army under Gen. Buell 
Yesterday a reconnoissance in the vicinity of 
Qardensvllle disclosed their presence, about twen- 
ty thousand strong; but, this morning, on the 
arrival of the advance column of the Union army, 
under Gen. Sill, it was discovered that they had 
fled in confusion toward Frankfort General Sill 
followed them up, and arrived at Frankfort this 
evening, but only in time to see the last of the 
rebels flying from the opposite side of the town, 
in the direction of Lexington. 

— A NUMBER of the citizens of Blackford Coun- 
ty, Ind., collected, with arms in their hands, at 
Hartford, the county-town, for the purpose of 
resisting the draft. They destroyed the ballot- 
box and enrolling papers, and compelled the 
commissioners and provost-marshal to resign. — 
Cincinnati Commercial^ October 8. 

— The rebels having succeeded in placing a 
battery at Cockpit Point, Va., on the Potomac, 
with a view to restore the blockade of that river, 
one of the Union fleet of gunboats ran into the 
Point to-day, and shelled it, entirely destroying 
the battery. — The Thirteenth regiment of New- 
Hampshire volunteers, under the command of 
CoL A. F. Stevens, left Concord for the seat of 
war. 

— Charles Sumner delivered an elaborate and 
powerful speech at Boston, Mass., indorsing the 
Emancipation Proclamation of President Lincoln, 
and advocating the cause of the African race, who, 
'* slave as well as free,*' must help the National 
Government At the conclusion of his remarks. 



OcVOBIBd.] 



DIART OF EVEKTa 



George Fnmcis Train, being called for, took the 
plaUbnn, and, refusing to yield it, was carried off 
by the police. — Boston Transcript^ October 7. 

—A xxcoaNorrKiNO party of Union troops, con- 
ststing of the Sixth United States cavalry, sup- 
ported by two guns of Robertson's battery, left 
BoliTtr Heights, near Harper's Ferry, and pro- 
ceeded to Halltown, Ya., driying the rebel pick- 
ets before them. When near Charlestown, the 
Unieii adyance came upon a force of rebels, and a 
short skirmish ensued, resulting in the flight of 
the latter. Soon afterwards the rebels com- 
menced throwing shells, but the Union forces, 
hiTing positiTe orders not to bring on a general 
eogagement, withdrew after having obtained the 
desired information. 

—The One Hundred and Forty-second regi- 
ment of New-York volunteers, CoL Roscius W. 
Jodflon, left Ogdensburgh for the seat of war. — 
The Eleventh regiment of Rhode Island volun- 
teers, und^ command of CoL Edwin Metcalj^ left 
IWidence for Washington. 

(kUtber 7. — Lexington, Ky., was evacuated by 
the rebels under the command of £. Kirby Smith, 
they retreating toward Cumberland Gap. — The 
monitor Nahant was successfully launched from 
Htrrison Loring's yard, in South-Boston, Mass., 
at eleven jum. to-day. — ^The Twelfth regiment of 
Vermont volunteers left Brattleboro for Washing- 
ton City. 

-A ausMisH took place in the vicinity of Sib- 
ley's Landing, Ma, between a detachment of the 
Fifth Missouri cavalry and the combined rebel 
forces of Colonels Quanbrel and ChildS, resulting 
in a rout of the latter with considerable loss. 
Among the prisoners taken was the rebel Colonel 
Child& — Missouri Democrat^ October 9. 

— GsKBBAL McClellan this day issued an 
order to the army of the Potomac, calling atten- 
tion to the President*s proclamation of Emanci- 
pation, and pointing out the fact that the execu- 
ticm of the Federal laws is confided to the civil 
aathorities, and that armed forces are raised and 
maintained simply to sustain those authorities. 

—A noBT occurred this day at La Vei^gne, 
Tenn., between a Union force of two thousand five 
hundred men, under the conmiandi^f General 
Palmer, and a rebel force under Gen. Anderson, 
resulting in the complete rout of the rebels, and 
the capture of a large number of prisoners, camp 
equipage, munitions, and provisons. — (Doc 215.) 

— Thb mdvanoe of the National forces under 



General Geoi^ W. Morgan, reached Frankfort, 
Ky. — The bark Wave and brig Dunkirk were 
captured and destroyed by the rebel privateer 
Alabama, in latitude 40"^ 28', longitude Si** 25'. 

— ^Thb rebel steamer General Rusk, or Blanche, 
which had run the blockade with a cargo of cot- 
ton, was this day driven ashore near Havana 
Light, by the United States steamer Montgom- 
ery, when she was burned by her crew. 

October a— The battle of Chaplin Hills, or 
Perryville, Ky., was this day fought between the 
Union army under General Buell, and the rebel 
forces under General Bragg, resulting, after an en- 
gagement of several hours' duration, in the retreat 
of the rebels across Chaplin River. The loss on 
both sides was very severe. The Union Generals 
Jackson and Terrell were killed in this battle. — 
(Doc, 128.) 

— Seventeen National Government wagons, a 
number of suUers' wagons, and about five hun- 
dred and fifty men of Gen. Sill's advance column, 
under the command of Major Bradford, were this 
day captured in the vicinity of Frankfort, Ky., 
by the rebel forces under Gen. K Kirby Smith. — 
A force of seventeen Union cavalrymen to-day 
dashed into Middleburgh, Loudon County, Ya., 
and captured several wagons loaded with bacon 
belonging to the rebels. 

October 9. — The time allowed by Commander 
Renshaw, of the Union fleet at Galveston, Texas, 
for the surrender of that city having expired, the 
CoDunander proceeded to the city with a portion 
of the fleet, took possession, and hoisted the 
Union flag upon the Custom-House, without op- 
position, the rebels having previously abandoned 
the city. — Galveston Union^ October 10. 

— A riGHT took place in the vicinity of Law- 
renceburgh, Ky., between a Union force of three 
thousand men, under the command of Col K A. 
Parrott, First Ohio volunteers, and the rebel 
forces under Gen. K Kirby Smith, resulting, after 
an engagement of five hours, in the retreat of the 
latter with considerable loss. The Nationals had 
six men killed and eight wounded. — (Doc, 216.) 

— ^This morning a small body of Gen. Sigel's 
cavahy captured in Aldie, Va., over forty rebel 
prisoners, several loads of bacon, and an ambu- 
lance. The prisoners were paroled. — ^The Erics- 
son iron-clad battery, Montauk, was launched 
from the Continental Works at Greenpoint, L. L 

— ^In West-Virginia the rebels enforced 4he 
conscription act wherever they had the power. 



94 



BEBEIUON BECORD, 186S. 



[October 9. 



In the Kanawha Valley every able-bodied man 
that could be found was seized and carried to the 
rebel camp,^- Wheeling IntelUgencer, 

— Thb Union gunboat Darlington, which left 
Jacksonyille, Fla., on the sixth, on an expedition 
up St John^s Riyer, returned this day, bringing 
the rebel steamer Governor Milton, which it had 
captured two hundred miles up the river. 

— A SLIGHT skirmish took place near Aldie, 
Ya., between a small party of Union troops and 
a numerically superior force of rebels, resulting 
in the retreat of the Nationals without loss. 



The rebels had one man killed, Lieut Hears. 
— ^An expedition consisting of about one thou- 
sand five hundred cavalry, supported by a bat- 
tery of artillery, under the command of Colonel 
Davies, left camp at Upton's Hill, Ya., on the 
sixth instant, for the purpose of capturing or de- 
stroying five or six locomotives on the Orange and 
Alexandria Railway at Rappahannock Station. 
It was discovered that the locomotives had been 
removed to the other side of the Rappahannock 
River, and the expedition retomed to-day to Cen* 
treville. 



DOCUMENTS AND NARRATITES. 



DOCUMENTS AJSTD NARRATIVES. 



Doo. 1. 

OCCUPATION OF NEW-ORLEANS, LA. 

GENERAL BITTLEB^S PROCLAMATION. 

HBASQOAanH DtPAKffmirr ot m Goij', ) 
Nsw-Oblkaiib, May 1, 1862. J 

Tee city of New-Orleans and its environs, with 
all its interior and exterior defences, haying sur- 
rendered to the combined land and naval forces 
(tf the United States, and being now in the occu- 
utioQ of the forces of the United States, who 
iMTe come to restore order, maintain public tran- 
quillity, enforce peace and quiet under the laws 
uid Constitution of the United States, the Major- 
Gen^^ Commanding hereby proclaims the ob- 
ject and purpose of the United States in thus 
taking possession of New-Orleans and the State 
of Louisiana, and the rules and regulations by 
which the laws of the United States will be for 
the present and during the state of war enforced 
and maintained, for the plain guidance of all good 
dtiiens of the United States, as well as others, 
who may heretofore have been in rebellion against 
their authority. 

Thrice before has the city of New-Orleans been 
rescaed from the hands of a foreign government 
and still more calamitous domestic insurrection 
hy the money and arms of the United States. It 
las of late oeen under the military control of 
rebel forces. At each time, in the judgment of 
the commanders of militaiy forces holding it, jt 
hag been found necessary to preserve order and 
mamtain quiet by an administration of martial 
law. Even during the interim from its evacua- 
tion by the rebel soldiers and its actual posses- 
ston by the soldiers of the United States, the 
pTil authorities found it necessary to call for the 
tntenrention of an armed body known as the 
Koropean Legion to preserve public tranquillity. 
The Commanding General, therefore, will cause 
the city to be governed until the restoration of 
the United States authority, and his further or- 
ders, by martial Uw. 

AU persons in arms against the United States 
are required to. surrender themselves, with their 
tnns, equipments, and munitions of war. The 
body known as the European Legion, not being 
understood to be in arms against the- United 
States^ but organized for the protection of the 

Vol. v.— Doc 1 



lives and property of the citizens, are invited to 
still oo6perate with the forces of the United States 
to that end, and so acting will not be included 
within the terms of this order, but will report to 
these headquarters. 

All ensigns, flags, devices, tending to uphold 
any other authority save those of the- United 
States ^ai foreign consulates, must not be exhib- 
ited, but suppressed. The American ensign, the 
emblem of the United States, must be treated 
with the utmost respect by all persons, under 
pain of severe punishmeiit' 

JSM persons well disposed to the United States, 
who shaU renew their allegianoe, will receive safe- 
guard and protection in their persons and proper^ 
ty by the armies of the United States, a violation 
of which will be punishable by death. 

All persons still holding allegiance to the con- 
federate States will be deemed rebels against the 
United States, and r^rded and treated as ene- 
mies thereof. 

All foreigners not naturalized, or claiming alle- 
giance to their respective governments, and not 
having made oath of allegiance to the government 
of the confederate States, will be protected in 
their persons and property as heretofore, under 
the laws of the United States. 

All persons who may heretofore have given ad- 
herence to the supposed government of the con- 
federate States, or have been in their service, who 
shidl lay down, deliver up their arms, return to 
their peaceful occupations, and preserve quiet 
and onler, holding no further correspondence nor 
giving aid and comfort to the enemies of the 
Unit^ States, wiU not be disturbed in person or 
property, except so far under orders of the Com- 
manding General as exigencies of the public ser- 
vice may render necessary. 

Keepers of all public property, whether State, 
National, or confederate, such as collections of art, 
libraries, museums, as well as all public build- 
ings, all munitions of war, and armed vessels, 
will all, at once, make full reports tho'eof to 
these headquarters. All manu&oturers of arms 
and munitions of war will report to these head- 
quarters their kinds and places of business. 

All rights of property of whatever kind will be 
held inviolate, subject only to the laws oi the 
United States. • 

All inhabitants are enjoined to punnia their 



BEBELLIOK BECOBD, 1862. 



u$ual vocations. All shops, places of business or 
amusement, are to be kept open in their accus- 
tomed manner, and services to be held in churches 
and religious houses, as in time of profound peace. 

Keepers of all public houses, coffee-houses, and 
drinking saloons are to report their names, num- 
bers, etc., to the office of the Proyost-Marshal, 
and will there receive license and be made re- 
sponsible for all disorders and disturbances of the 
p^ce arising in their respective places. 

Sufficient force will be kept in the city to pre- 
serve order and maintain the laws. 

The killing of an American soldier by any dis- 
orderly persons, or mob, is simply assassination 
and murder, and not war, and will be so regard- 
ed and punished, and the owner of any house 
where such murder shall be committed will be 
held responsible therefor, and the house be liable 
to be destroyed by the military authority. 

All disorders, disturbances of the peace, and 
crimes of an aggravated nature, interfering with 
the forces or laws of the United States, will be 
referred to a military court for trial and punish- 
ment Other misdemeanors will be subject to 
the municipal authority if it chooses to act 

Civil causes between party and party will be 
referred to the ordinary tribunals. 

The levying and collection of taxes, save those 
imposed by the laws of the United States, are 
suppressed, except those for keeping in repair and 
lighting streets and for sanitary purposes. These 
are to be collected in the usual manner. 

The circulation of confederate bonds as evi- 
dences of debt, (except notes in similitude of bank- 
notes.) issued by the confederate States, or scrip, 
or any trade in the same is forbidden. 

It has been represented to the Commanding 
(Steneral by the civil authorities that these con- 
federate notes, in the form of bank-notes, in a 
great measure are the only substitute for money 
which the people have been allowed to have, and 
that great mstress would ensue among the poorer 
classes if the circulation of such notes is sup- 
pressed. Such circulation will be permitted so 
long as any one will be -inconsiderate enough to 
receive them, until further orders. 

No publication, newspaper, pamphlet, or hand- 
bill, giving accounts of the movements of the 
soldiers of the United States within this Depart- 
ment, reflecting in any way upon the United 
States, or tending in any way to influence the 
public mind against the Government of the 
United States will be permitted. 

All articles of war news, editorial comments, 
or correspondence making comments upon the 
movements of the armies of the United States, 
must be submitted to the examination of an offi- 
cer, who will be detailed for that purpose finom 
Uiese headquarters. 

The transmission of all communications by tele- 
graph will be under the chaige of an officer finom 
these headquarters. 

The armies of the United States came here not 
to destroy but to restore order out of chaos, and 
Uie government of Laws in place of the passions 
of 



To this end, therefore, the efforts of all tile 
well-disposed are invited, to have every species 
of disorder quelled. 

If any soldier of the United States should so 
far forget his duty to his flag as to commit out- 
rage upon any person or property, the Command- 
ing General requests that his name be instanMy 
reported to the Provost -Guard, so he may be 
punished and his wrongful act redressed. 

The municipal authority, so iar as the police of 
the city and environs are concerned, is to extend 
as before indicated, until suspended. 

All assemblages of persons m the streets, either 
by day or nightj tend to disorder, and are forbid- 
den. 

The various companies composing the fire de- 
partment of New-Orleans will be permitted to re- 
turn to their oipinizations, and are to report to 
the office of the Provost-Marshal, so that they 
may be known and not interfered with in their 
duties. 

And finally, it may be sufficient to add without 
further enumeration, that all the requirements of 
martial law will be imposed as long as in the 
judgment of the United States authorities it may 
be necessary. 

While it IS the desire of these authorities to ex- 
ercise this government mildly and after the usages 
of the past, it must not be supposed that it will 
not be vigorously and firmly administered as the 
occasion calls. 

By command of Major^Gen. Butlxb. 

Gxa B. Stbono, 

Aart. A4it.-6«L Chief of StaA 



Doc 2. 
FIGHT ON THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER. 

BBPOBT or LnCUT. B. B. LOWBT. 

XJKtvMD 8r ATH SnuM Sump Bbookltv, I 
On Naw-OiLSAin, April SS, 1862. f 

Sib : I have to report, that in the action of the 
morning of the twenty-fourth instant, firom four 
A.M. to half-past ^ve a.m., against the rebel forts 
Jackson and St Philip, masked and water-bat- 
teries, and some sixteen rebel gunboats, this 
ship engaged the enemy, at fifty minutes past 
three a.m., with shell, grape, and canister, of 
which one hundred and five rounds were fired 
from the nine-inch guns in broadside, at one time 
within one hundred and fifty yards of Fort Si 
Philip. Great difficulty was experienced in dis- 
charing the eighty-pounder Dahlgren rifle. This 
gun IS defective in its vent 

The conduct of the men and officers was under 
your own eye. I can say with pride that they 
fully met my own expectation in their drill and 
efficiency; and although the action was fought 
mostiy in total darkness, still nothing could ex- 
ceed the rapid and predse firing, the prompt 
readiness to repair damages, and £e care for ihe 
dead and wounded whi^ was evinced by evesy 
person at the gun divisions. 

I regret to report the loss of seven most vmla- 
able men, namely : Bernard SandSi signal qnar- 



DOCUMBNra 



tcnnastcr, killed by your side; John Wade, 
aptain ifter-giiard ; Thomas White, coxswain, 
aptain of Na 9 gun ; Andrew Rourke, seaman, 
first loader of piroi-gnn ; Daniel McEmory, boy, 
powder-boy of ptrot-gun ; Henry Roff, marine, of 
tlM mtrine-gun^s crew No. 1 ; William Lanalum, 
nariiw, marin^un's crew Na 2. Midshipman 
Anderson, your aid, was carried orerboard early 
in the tction, from the poop, by a round shot 
Na 9 gun had, by the striking of a thirty-two- 
poQDd shot against the iron boat-davit on port- 
nde, snd breaking into fragments, immediately 
foOowed by a bursting shell in the same direc- 
tion, 6r8t captain kiUed, second captain badly 
Toaoded, and nine men badly disabled, making 
eleren men out of the crew of seventeen. Still 
tbe remaining six Ibught the gun mast gaUanUy 
until the end of the action. 

Our wounded amount to thirty, as per sur- 
geon's report Na 1 gun-port was disabled by 
hiTing thie forward axletree shot away. We en- 
countered the boom-chain, and broke it adrift by 
nmoiiig over it and dislodging the anchored 
hnlks; this close to Fort St Philip. We also 
had an encounter with an iron-clad ram, which 
^ck us in the starboard gangway, but the 
ehain armor, to a great extent, received the blow 
ud saved the frame of the ship. The ship was 
bidlj struck and cut up in various parts. A re- 
poK from Mr. Toy, the carpenter, I herewith en- 
close. Both mainstays, several shrouds, lan- 
jards, and jib^stays, and much of the running- 
gear, was cut by shot. 

As jour executive officer, it becomes my duty, 
ts it is my pride, to caU attention to the excellent 
betnng of every officer and man on board ship. 
The advandne and victorious squadron, in suc- 
oessioii, ran £>wn, sank, blew up, or fired by 
shells, eleven of the enemy's sixteen gunboats. 
One, the Warrior, a three-masted propeller, placed 
herseif under the port broadside of the Brooklyn, 
vhen eleven flve-seoond shells were exploded in 
her, actoallY driving her on the bank, and in- 
stantly setting her on fire. 

A second three-masted propeller escaped anni- 
hilation from our starboard battery, from her re- 
fonblance to the Iroquois, which caused us to 
hold our fire until the current had drifted her 
^own astern of us, when her true character was 
ascertained, but too late for us to destroy her. 
Vr. 0*Kane, acting second lieutenant, in charge 
of the forward divisions, was wounded in the mid- 
dle of the action and disabled, after most gallant 
^^r^^ I ordered Midshipman Bartlett to take 
charge of his battery, which he did promptly and 
«fiei«nt!y. 

In conclusion, I, without hesitation, assert that 
^ attack of our squadron upon two strong and 
g^irisoned forts, coming within grape and canister 
^^^^ ind to a great extent silencing their fire, 
^ afterwards overtaking and destroying nearly 
*I1 of &e enemy's fleet, is not to my knowledge 
■"Tttssed, If eqioalled, on the record of any navy 
n the world. In the action of this morning 
■gtiost the batteries near the city, we engaged at 
<^ canister and grape range, and following 



closely the Scioto, which gunboat dashed gallant- 
ly into close quarters with the battery on the 
right bank, but between us and the battery, so 
that we had to hold our fire, we finished her 
work by a sweeping discharge of grape and can- 
ister, driving the rebels peU-mell out of thefr 
worksL 

Midshipman Bartlett fought the eighty-pounder 
pivot very skilfully, firing twenty-one shots into 
the batt^ on the left bank with great rapidity 
and precision, and in a great measure redeemed 
the character of the gun. I am happy to state 
that, though we were struck a number of times 
in the hull, and some rigging cut, we had no loss 
of life or blood. One man, Dennis Leary, ordi- 
nary seaman, fell overboard, by his own careless- 
ness, and was drowned. 

The howitzers in the fore and maintops were 
well served by Coxswain Hamilton and Captain 
maintop Williams, throwing shrapnel and canis- 
ter very effectively into the enemy on both banks, 
without officers to command them. The crewtf 
of these guns are worthy of special notice. 

I have to thank you, sir, for the splendid ex- 
ample you gave us of coolness and masterly 
handling of this vessel in both actions, and I 
close this hasty report by recommending to 
especial notice Quartermaster Buck, who, on the 
first morning, though wounded, stood bravely at 
the wheel for seven hours, and to-day again took 
his post and steered the ship firom early daylight 
until half-past one p.m., over eight hours. 

NoTB. — The engine, berth-deck, and powder- 
divisions were well served by their respective 
officers and men stationed there, and everything 
connected with them was kept in perfect order. 

Third Assistant-Engineer Morgan stood at the 
bell, and executed your orders promptly and effi- 
ciently. 

I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant^ 
R. B. LowBT, 

Ueot. United SUtei Navy. 

To Captain Thoxas T. Craven, 

Oommandlng United Btetei Bteamihlp Brooklyn. 
Off New-OrlMUM, La. 



Doc. 8. 



FIGHT AT CLARK'S HOLLOW, VA. 
MAT 1, 1862. 

A CORRESPONDENT of the Cincinnati CommereiBd 
gives the following account of this affair : 

Oaxp Fult Top Movktaiii, Maj tO, 1868. 

Had an opportunity presented itself^ long sinoe 
the details of the desperate fight of company C, 
Twenty-third regiment Ohio volunteer infantry, 
from Gialion, Crawford County, Ohio, J. W. Stiles, 
Captain, would have been given. 

Our movements on this line have been so rapid, 
for the last three weeks, that no time was found 
for letter-writing ; and knowing the details will 
be interesting to the friends in Northern Ohio, 
though late, I will try and give them. On the 
thirtieth of April, company C, under command 
of First Lieut Bottsford, was ordered to proceed 



REBELLIOK RECORD, 1861. 



from Camp Shady Springs, scout the hills, and 
capture, if possible, the notorious Gapt Foley 
and his band of bushwhackers. After a march 
of over eighteen hours, the company surrounded 
Gapt Foley*s camp, but found Uie bird had 
flown. After destroying all the effects, they 
started to Join the regiment which was still ad- 
yancing. When they arrived at Clark's Hollow, 
five miles from camp, Lieut Bottsford concluded 
to take possession of the house, situated in the 
hollow, surrounded on all sides by hills, and rest 
his men until morning. At daybreak, the boys 
were aroused and the company formed, when, to 
the surprise of all, they found themselves sur- 
rounded, and before they could retire to the 
house Gapt Foley's company rounded the point 
and came within forty yards of our line. The 
murderous bushwhacker made an effort to de- 
ceive, by first saying they were Bill Richmond's 
company, a band of loydists. This man Foley 
closely resembles Richmond. The ruse was soon 
discovered, and at once a volley from the whole 
company was poured upon them, which checked 
them, and caused them to take shelter. The 
boys, in admirable order, fell back to the house, 
Lieut Bottsford assigning squads to the three 
apartments in the house. Capt Foley, on dis- 
covering that we were after him, sent hastily to 
Princeton Court-House for three companies to re- 
enforce him. Some three hundred and eighty 
men . were at this time around us, at intervals 
pouring a fire upon the boys who only numbered 
sixty-five men. With the coolness of veterans 
they made port-holes through the chinking, and 
whenevei;a rebel showed himself it was only to 
take his pill and retire. They made one desper- 
ate effort to chaiige, and their lieutenant-colonel, 
who, by the way, was a brave man, advanced, wav- 
ing his sword, crying : ** Charge the damned Yan- 
kees, and they will surrender." It was his last 
war-cry. Sergeant Lyon, with his trusty Enfield, 
fired and the rebel fell In their efforts to get 
his body, three more met the same fate. For 
two hours and a half this little band of heroes 
fought, when, as the rebel wounded since in- 
formed us, they thought they had woke up the 
wrong passengers, and had met a company of 
sharpshooters, so they beat a hasty retreat 
Shortly after, Lieut-Col. R B. Hays, of your 
city, came up with his regiment and followed the 
gooundrels, scattering them in every direction. 
Our loss in this encounter was one killed and 
twenty-onfi wounded. Three of the wounded 
have since died. The loss of the enemy was six- 
teen killed and sixty-seven wounded. The Twen- 
ty-third, who are in the advance on this line, 
marched on rapidly, pursuing the advantage 
gained. But the rebels, having had a summers 
experience in running, under Floyd, reached 
Princeton in time to apply ihe torch, and as the 
regiment entered on a diarge, through the burn- 
ing town, the rear of the retreating force was 
seen going over the mountain. Tired and almost 
worn out, CoL Hays called a halt, saved what was 
possible of the buildines, and around camp-fires 
all laughed over the various scenes of the day. 



After a short rest, three companies, F, I, and 
H, were ordered forward towards Parisbui^h, 
Giles County, twenty-eight miles from ^inceton 
Court-House. Still driving what scattering force 
was left of the rebels, they rushed into and took 
possession of the town, and captured a large 
quantity of rebel supplies and some twenty pris- 
oners, and held the town four days, when it be- 
came known that a force four thousand strong, 
under Heath, was about to sunround them. 
Never was a tegiment more reluctant to yield a 
point, but necessity demanded it, and in the best 
order they fell back, with the loss of one man 
killed and seven wounded. For five hours, com- 
panies B and H covered the retreat, and kept the 
force of the enemy checked until reenforcements 
arrived. Lieut -CoL Hays, in the whole a&ir, 
has shown himself an able commander, and fully 
established the confidence of every man in the 
Twenty-third Ohio regiment, and while he ex- 
hibits the true gentleman in every respect, he is 
a noble, brave officer, and the men under him are 
willing to follow him under every drcnmstanoe. 

KILLED AND WOUin>ED. 

Charles Peffer, killed, Gallon; Ord.-Seigt 
Ritta, wounded slightly, Haysville ; Corp. Love, 
wounded severely, New-London; Privates Ca- 
pon, wounded severely, Galion ; Huber, wounded 
slightly, Galion ; Mason, wounded slightly, Ga- 
lion ; Mcintosh, wounded severely, Guion ; No- 
blit, wounded slightly, Galion ; Parks, wounded 
severely, Galion ; Wetherick, wounded severely, 
Galion; Wight, wounded, since dead, ChUion; 
Nase, wounded slightly, Galion ; Reuben Coates, 
wounded slightly, New-London ; Hazzard, wound- 
ed, since dead, New-London ; Jlifi^ wound^ 
severely, Olmstead ; Nefl^ wounded slightly, 
Columbus ; Runyan, wounded severely, New- 
London; Winch, wounded severely, Bettsville; 
White, wounded slightly, Haysville ; Tniax, 
wounded, since dead, New -London ; Griggs, 
wounded slightly, Clyde ; Heckler, wounded 
slightly, Galion. 

The wounded are doing well Some of the 
boys who received very flight wounds, have since 
returned to duty, and while on picket-duty a few 
days since, in an attack, were active in driving 
the rebels back. L. 



Boa 4. 



nGHT NEAR FARMINGTON, MISa 

OINERAL POPrS DBBPATOH. 

PrrmoBOH LAHsiva, May t, 18tt 
A RECONNOissAHCB sont towards Farmington 
found the enemy four thousand five hundred 
strong, with four pieces of artillery and some 
cavaliy, occupying a strong position near the 
town. Our forces advanced at once to the as- 
sault, and after a sharp skirmish earri^ the 
position in fine style. The enemy left thirty dead 
on the field, with their tents and baggage, our 
cavalry pursuing them. The whole afi& was 
very handsome, our regiments charging the bat- 



DOCUVSNTa 



lay and their line of infantry at the double^uick. 
The enemy fled in wild confusion. Some regi- 
ments of cavalry sent through to Boonville took 
possession of the town^ tore up the railroad track 
and destroyed two bridees. We ha?e a good 
many prisoners, but cant tell how many yet 
Our loss 18 two killed and twelve wounded. 

John Popb, 

Bfi^or-GeiienL 
SBCHRART 8G0TTV DKSPATOH. 

FnmuBaH Laxdoio, May 8, 9 p.m. 
r* H&n. E, M. Stanton, Seeretary of War: 

General Paine' s division made a reconnoissance 
to Fknnington to-day, found about four thousand 
fire hundred of the enemy, drove them in hand- 
some style, killing thirty, wounding many, and 
capturing some prisoners, their camp equipage, 
•tcL At dark our cavalry was in pursuit of their 
artillery and baggage-train beyond Farmington, 
in the direction of Corinth. I witnessed the 
fight Our men behaved splendidly. 

An artillery reconnoissance went to Glendale 
this morning and destroyed two trestle-bridges, 
and some track of the Memphis and Charleston 
Saih-oad. It has been a splendid day's work for 
the left wing. The weaUier is clear and the 
roads are becoming good# 

Thomas A. Scorr, 

Aaittani Secretory of War. 
A NATIONAL AOOOUNT. 

Bsfou CkHUXTH, May 4, 1862. j 

Testerday was a busy and bloody day with 
this command, or a part of it at least Our forces 
had Bcarcely got fairly into their new camp, 
midway between Hamburgh and Corinth, before 
an order came to "reconnoitre in force" the 
roate via Farmington, to the vicinity of the rebel 
Torka Gens. Paine and Palmer were detailed 
br the work, and at ten o'clock on the third 
instant were on the march to accomplish it 
The regiments selected were the Tenth, Sixteenth, 
Tirenty-seoond, Twenty-seventh, Forty-second, 
and Fifty-first Illinois volunteers. Tenth and 
Sixteenth Michigan volunteers, Tates sharp- 
shooters, lUinois; Houghtailing's (Illinois) and 
Hezoock's (Ohio) batteries, and the Second 
Hich^pui cavalry. The cojunm proceeded out 
on the Farmington road about five miles, when 
it encountered the enemy's pickets. The sharp- 
shooters immediately formed in line-of- battle 
order in the road, throwing flanking parties out 
to the right and left, and opening a most terrific 
fire from the bushes, which was promptly 
returned by the rebels. Six rebel saddles were 
emptied in half as many minutes by the terrible 
hand ot death ; eight others of the '' butternuts" 
were severely wounded ; eight others were taken 
prisoners, and the rest, some forty, "skedaddled" 
off in the direction of Farmington. Five of the 
Yates Phalanx were severely wounded, but none 
were killed. Our forces immediately pushed on ; 
Wt had proceeded but a few rods when they 
cocoontered a succession of fallen trees across 
the roac^ from behind which a deadly fire was 



opened upon our advance. As soon as it was 
possible to discover the enemy's position the 
sharpshooters charged over theabattis, driving 
the enemy before them like a flock of panic- 
stricken rats running from a Cairo basement in a 
time of high-water. This last firing was of no 
detriment to us, for we lost no men by it, ^nd it 
taught us that the rebels were prepared and 
determined to dispute our progress inch by inch 
from this point onward. As fast as they would 
show us their whereabouts, however, our infantry 
would dislodge them, and so it continued for 
half a mile or more, over tangled bushes and 
obstructed swamp roads, to the open fields to 
the east of Farmingtoa But as &st as the 
sharpshooters advanced the engineers of Col. 
Bissell — those who took the steamboats over^ 
land to New -Madrid — would dear away the 
debris and repaii the bridges, so that at three 
o'clock the vanguard emeiged frt>m the swamp. 

Now commenced the fight in earnest The 
enemy had posted four pieces of artillery upon 
an elevation of perhaps twenty feet in height, 
completely commanding the road, and making it 
utterly impossible for our troops to gain the open 
field, except by a detour to the right or left. 
Then CoL Morgan's (Tenth) regiment were sent 
to the right, with iixe Yates sharpshooters to 
the left, who soon poured such a fire of mus- 
ketry upon their ranks as sent the gunners from 
their pieces in oonfhsion, and caused the infantry 
to rush pell-mell over the hill to their second 
position, where they formed in line of battle. 
Then the rebel postillions galloped up to the 
guns, limbered them up, and dragged them away, 
imder a most galling fire from our infantry. 

Their second position was taken upon the 
crest of a hill, to the right of the Farmington 
road, just in advance of a piece of dense wood, 
being flanked upon the left by an old cotton-gin 
and press, and on the right and in fW)nt by a 
deep though not impassable ravin& It now be- 
came apparent that the enemy were determined 
only to treat us to a cannon fight, and had taken 
such a position as to preclude us from advancing 
upon them except by a circuitous route of some 
two miles, which, being through swamp and 
brush, was impossible So Houghtailing's guns 
were brought forward, and emerging fit>m the 
timber at a double-quick, went into battery upon 
the same ground just vacated by the rebels. 
Now, for half an hour a terrible artillery duel 
was kept up, the enemy showing a spirit of chi- 
valry worthy a better cause, two regiments of 
infantry in the mean time going around and 
gaining a position commanding their left flank, 
and opening upon them with musketry at a dis- 
tance of only about three hundred yards, such a 
fire as sent theur butternut colored ranks into the 
tall timber as if the old Nick or some other 
justice of the peace was after theoL Finding 
themselves deserted by their infantry support, 
the rebel artillerists changed their position to a 
point about a half-mile mrther on. Their new 
position was just to the right of the road leading 
fix)m Farmington to Corinth, upon the brow of a 



BEBELUON BXOOBD, 1862. 



hil1,and about three eighths of s mile north of the 
Tillage of Farmington. Houghtaaling's batteiy 
immediately moved up to the enemy's second 
position at the cotton-gin, while Hezoock*s bat- 
tery proceeded to an open field in front of 
Farmington and to the enemy's right, from which 
two points our fire soon beoame too terrible for 
humanity to endnre, and the rebels fled in con- 
fusion in the direction of Corinth. Then our 
in&ntry were drawn up at the town and along 
the roads, while the cavalry were sent on after 
the flying foe. 

Oiu' loss was only two killed and eleven 
wounded, while that of the enemy was ten killed, 
twelve wounded, (now in our hands,) and about 
thirty prisoners. The rebel forces were com- 
manded by Brig. Gea Marmaduke, and consisted 
of the following regiments : 

Third confederate (regular) in&ntry, Maj. Keep. 

Twenty-ninth Tennesseee infkntry, Gol. Sam. 
Powell. 

Twenty-fifth Tennessee infantry, Col. White. 

Third Louisiana infantry. Col. Pettigrew. 

One battalion of regular cavalry, and 

Swett's battery of light artillery (four pieces) 
of Vicksburg. 

The affair was a most brilliant one through- 
out, and reflected great credit upon all concerned. 

^jr. T Jl§rald. 



Doc. 5. 
OCCUPATION OF YORKTOWN, VA. 

GKZI. McCLELLAN<B DISPATCHES. 

HaAOQVAims w m Abut or na Potomao. ) 
Ma]r4^BA.ii. f 

To Bim, ^win Jf, Stanton^ Secretary of War : 
We have the ramparts. Have guns, ammuni- 
tion, camp equipage, etc We hold the entire 
line of his works, which the engineers report as 
being very strong. I have thrown all my cavalry 
and horse-artillery in pursuit, supported by in- 
&ntry. I move Franklin's division, and as much 
more as I can transport by water, up to West- 
Point to-day. No time shall be lost The gun- 
boats have gone up York River. I omitted to 
state that Gloucester is also in our possession. 
I shall push the enemy to the wall. 

G. K McClellan, 

UiSlor-GeneraL 

HiASQDAKRM ABMT OT TBI POVOHAC, ) 

M01UU7, May 6, 11.80 a.m. f 
To EoTL B. M. Stanton, Secretary of War : 

An inspection just made shows that the rebels 
abandoned, in their works at Yorktown,'two 
three-Inch rifled cannon, two four-and-a-half-inch 
rifled cannon, sixteen thirty-two-pounders, six 
forty-two-pounders, nineteen eight-inch colum- 
biads, four nine-inch Dahlgrens, one ten-inch 
columbiad, one ten-inch mortar, and one eight- 
inch siege howitzer, with carriages and imple- 
ments complete, each piece supplied with seven- 
ty-six rounds of ammunition. On the ramparts 
there are also four magazines, which have not yet 
been examined. This does not include the guns 



left at Gloucester Point and their other works to 
our left. G. K McClellak, 

M^oi^OtaeraL 
COLOIOEL A8T0R*8 BSSPATCH. 

TOBKTOWX, Tju, lUj 4, ISO. 

Felatiah Pcrit, Eeq., ^eMent Chamber rf 

Commerce: 

The rebels evacuated this place at four o'clock 
this morning, keeping up a brisk cannonade to 
the last moment, leaving all their heavy guns, 
eighty in number^ with their ammunition. 

Also a large amount of material of war of every 
kind, which was abandoned, burnt, or sunk. 
Davis, Johnston and Lee were present, uniting 
in opinion that McCleilan's disposition of his 
forces and artillery had made the place unten- 
able. 

Magruder furiously and publicly urged fight 
The fortifications wore very extensive and formi- 
dable, and the force of the enemy was very large. 
An assault upon them before bombarding would 
have cost us great carnage, and might have 
failed. 

Our gunboat flotilla has passed up the river, 
followed by large bodies of troops in transports 
- Several columns are moving rapidly along York 
River. • 

We hope to come up with them before they 
can reach West-Point Our army is in the finest 
condition and best of spirits. The rebel army is 
much demoralized. J. J. Astor, 

Colonftl and A. D. O. 

PHILADKLFHIA "PRiaSS* ACCOUNT, 

ToErrowv, Hay 4. 

At twelve o'clock last nieht, a bright light in 
the direction of the enemy s water-batteries at- 
tracted attention. Suspicions that all was not 
right were again revived. At one o'clock a.x., a 
last and farewell gun was fired. From thence 
until daybreak all was silent Our pickets ad- 
vanced further than usual, and met no resistance. 
At five o'clock A.M., the pickets were relieved. 
Skirmishers were at once thrown out to ascertain 
the state of affairs, and at six o'clock a.m.. Gen- 
eral Jameson, Colonel Gove, of the Twenty-sec- 
ond Massachusetts, and Colonel Black, of the 
Sixty-second Pennsylvania, entered Yorktown. 
The Twenty-second Massachusetts and part of 
the Thirteenth New- York, were at once thrown 
into the works, and possession taken. The Stars 
and Stripes were raised on the deserted fortifica- 
tions amid the unbounded enthusiasm of our 
soldiers. The most reliable information I have 
been enabled to receive shows that the evacua- 
tion was commenced on Thursday last The last 
of the rebel force, consisting of General Long- 
street's brigade, left the worl^ about one o'clock 
this morning. 

Just at the first faint light of early dawn, three 
men were observed approaching our outer pickets 
wlih a fiag of truce. They were received by Col. 
Black. At first it was supposed that they were 
sent fi'om Yorktown ofiicisJly — perhaps with a 
proposition for surrender — but we soon ascer- 



DOOiriEENTSb 



tatned thai they had oome over on their own ac- 
count They belonged to the Thirty-second Vir- 
ginia regiment, which was one of the last to 
leave. They said that when our army arrived in 
front of Torktown the rebel force under General 
H^ruder was not more than eight thousand 



A few hours previous to this time our tele- 
graph had been carried so ihr to the front as the 
old grist-mill, which has been used as the head- 
outers of the genvrals of the trendies. Gen- 
oal Jameson immediately telegraphed to General 
Fitz-John Porter, director of the siege, the intel- 
figence which these deserters brought regarding 
the evacuation. He soon received a reply in- 
structing him to push forward a small force to 
procure authoritative information as to the truth 
of their assertion. He took detachments from 
the Sixty-second Pennsylvania regiment, under 
CoL Black, the Twenty-second Massachusetts, 
under CoL Gove, with a support of two compa- 
nies of the First Massachusetts, under Lieuten- 
aat>C<rfonel Wells, and advanced along the bor- 
der of the woods, on the commanding bluff 
vbich overlooks the river. In the morning our 
ootposts and sentinels on the works we were con- 
itructing were astonished when they missed the 
accustomed rebel watchmen frt>m the walla. Our 
men in the trenches evinced, if possible, as much 
curiosity as those who were advancing towards 
the enemy's fortifications. Thousands of heads 
appeared above the top of our parallel, and every 
one manifested the deepest interest in the scenes 
vhich were transpiring. It was only by a stem 
command that the General kept the men from 
rushing headlong, heedless of ail lurking danger, 
into the intrenchments. 

Very soon the detachments reached the ditch 
in front, and began to mount the parapets. Gen- 
eral Jameson and Colonel Black mounted first 
They were closely followed hj Colonel Gove, 
Lieutenant Crawford and Captam Hassler, of the 
General's staff. The General jumped inside the 
work, which was seen to be deserted, and pre- 
lently it was swarming with our soldiers. The 
glorious emblem of our nationality was raised 
above the deserted battlements, and, as its folds 
were kissed by the gentle breeze, the General 
uncovered his head and called for '* three cheers 
far the good old Stars and Stripes.*' A feeling 
of profound veneration arose in the hearts of all 
MS we beheld the grand old flag waving over the 
deserted battlements, and planted once more on 
that historic ground. You may know that we all 
rererently uncovered, and the air resounded with 
•ur cheers. Two companies were placed on the 
parapets, and then we commenced an examina- 
tion of the works. We soon found a Northern 
gentleman, who had reluctantly occupied an im- 
portant position in the rebel army there, who 
managed to secrete himself when they were going, 
and firom whom we received valuable information 
relative to the mines the rebels had laid to blow 
up the works. 

The fortifications around Yorktown itself were 
o( the most formidable character. I have posi- 



tive and reliable information that ever since the 
battle of Big Bethel, almost a year ago, and be- 
fore it, the rebels have been hard at work fortify- 
ing the whole peninsula. The works at Big 
Bethel, and those at Howard's bridge — which 
were abandoned when we marched up here a 
month ago — required considerable labor. From 
the time of the occupation of Yorktown, about a 
year ago, by the rebel General Magruder, two 
thousand slaves have been constantly employed, 
principally on the fortifications in the immediate 
vicinity of Yorktown and across the river at 
Gloucester. These have been assisted by the 
effective rebel force, some seven thousand men, 
which Gen. Magruder has had under his com- 
mand. They were composed chiefly of Virginia, 
Georgia, Alabama, and Louisiana troops. The 
fortifications of Yorktown are in the general 
shape of an elongated triangle, with the river for 
the base. In length they are five eighths of a 
mile. They are strong, but not neat They 
might have been taken by storm with terrible 
loss; eauld have been taken by turning their 
right on the Warwick, after a severe battle ; but 
have been taken without loss of any kind One 
man was killed and three wounded by the ex- 
plosion of a shell, attached to a torpedo in front 
of the works. They belonged to the Twenty- 
second Massachusetts. 

That immense connected fortification, with its 
numerous salient angles, on which their heaviest 
guns were mounted, is at once a beautiful and a 
wonderful work. The ditch is deep, but dry; 
the parapet is lofty, and would be difficult to 
scale. This work, with a water-battery below, 
commands the river on the Yorktown side. Run- 
ning toward the right of the rebel lines there is a 
long breastwork, not pierced for guns, but having 
in front a ditch of the same depth as that before 
the fort This breastwork connects an elegant 
redoubt of considerable magnitude, and another 
breastwork of the same description connects an- 
other redoubt beyond, still further to the left. 
On this redoubt there had been mounted a num- 
ber of oolumbiads and Dahlgren naval guns, with 
one siege howitzer. It is now occupied by the 
Fortieth New- York regiment, whose banners are 
streaming firom the walls. In firont of these 
works there is an immense area of open ground 
which is completely commanded by their guns. 
Trees which were standing a year ago have been 
cut down by the rebels, to give freeran^e to their 
artillery. Deep gorges and ravines are mside and 
about these fortifications. This natural advan- 
tage furnished good cover for their troops against 
artillery fire, and rendered the position difficult 
to assault To the left of the Yorktown road— 
the enemy's right — as you approach the town, 
other fortifications have been constructed. On 
the line of the Warwick road, a few hundred 
yards from the Yorktown turnpike, there is a 
small ravine. An inconsiderable stream has been 
made to increase the extent of a natural swamp 
in front of the works at this point This is near 
the spot where Lord ComwalUs surrendered to 
Wasbangton, and the British Uud down their arma 



8 



REBELUON BBOORD, 1861 



Further to the right of the enemy's line^ along 
the course of the Warwick R^ver, there are other 
earthworks which I hare not yet had an oppor- 
tunity to examine. 

When we arriTed inside the fort we found that 
tents were left standing, with bedding and arti- 
cles of luxury in them. On the canvas and sides 
of the huts were caricatures of Union soldiers. 
Many of the tents were cut in different places. 
Four large trucks for carrying heayy guns stood 
near the dock, with an immense quantity of lum- 
ber. The magazines were constructed in the 
most careful manner. This fort had been occu- 
pied by the first battalion New-Orleans artillery, 
the Eighth and Thirtieth Alabama regiments, the 
Tenth and Fourteenth Louisiana regiments, and 
the Thirteenth and Forty-fifth Georgia regiments. 
These troops were ordered to report at Howard's 
GroTe, four miles from Richmond, and left the 
fbrt at midnight A rear-guard was left, which 
at last retired in the greatest haste. 

The first gun on uiis large work, mounted on 
the left, looking towards the river, was an eight- 
inch oolumbiad, and next in their order were 
mounted a nine-inch Dahlgren, a ten-inch colum- 
biad, throe nine-inch Dalhgren guns. Directly 
underneath, in the water -battery, there were four 
eight-inch columbiads and an old forty-two-pound 
carronade. On the large work above, besides 
these I have already mentioned, there were, just 
about the brow of the hill, twothirhr-two-pound- 
er siege guns, three thirty-two-pounfur ship-guns, 
taken fi*om the Norfolk Navy- Yard, three eight- 
inch columbiads in one position and four in an- 
other. All these guns command the river. To 
the right of the river-battery, and bearing on the 
open space of land which I have described, there 
is a thirty-two-pounder Bhip-gun, and then, 
mounted on a barbette carriage, a long twenty- 
four-pounder seacoast gun. The next Was a 
thirty-two-pounder, and close by another eight- 
inch columbiad. Still farther to the right, fac- 
ing on the land, were thirty-two-pounders, twen- 
ty-four-pounders, and an eight-inch columbiad. 
After a good forty-two-pounder there were four 
old ship carronades, which were little else than 
useless. There were other pieces of ordnance, 
some of smaller calibre, in the works fiirther to 
the right Several of the guns were spiked, sev- 
eral had burst, the fhigments being scattered 
around in the fbrts, and a few had been dis- 
mounted, probably by our shots. 

When we occupied Yorktown the whole place 
presented the most pitiable appearance, A few 
contrabands were the sole inhabitants of the town. 
Some of the most interesting houses had been 
torn down. The marble monument outside, 
where the British forces under Lord ComwaUis 
surrendered, hud been knocke<l to pieces and car- 
ried away by indWidual rebel fioldiers. Sevf^ful 
of the house Ei hnd been used as bo^pitals, but Hu^ 
sick and wounde*! had all been removed bcf'^n 
we entered. The anciont Nelson house, ^*" 
once ftom Com^iillis, and now ^-^ -t.^. - 
by our forces, is still Rt'm4itig. 
bcick structure, and wof 




From our camps, before the evacuation, we could 
distinctly see the vellow flag floating fi-om this 
house. The old church had been set apart as a 
quartermaster's depot The alarm-bell was sta- 
tioned on a house which was known as G^. 
Bjun's headquarters. Close by the church was 
the prison, and the prison -doors were open. 
There are a number of interesting spots which I 
have not time to describe. 

In Yorktown proper are about forty guns, rang- 
ing from twelve-pound carronades and howitzers 
to thirty-two-pounders of the old navy pattern, 
which throw a one-hundred-pound solid shot 
These guns are all left — spiked, of course, liie 
remains of two that burst are visible. The heavy 
gun that burst on Friday last, a deserter tells 
me, killed three and wounded twelve men. Am- 
munition is left in moderate quantities — ^hospital 
stores in profusion —no commissary stores of any 
moment Tents w^*e left standing ; guns merely 
spiked, and the trail-ropes not even cut; the 
magazines not even blown up. Only the powder- 
house, down on the river side, at the extreme end 
of their works, was burned, and exploded at 
three a.m., with a terrific report About fifteen 
houses are all that stand. Some have been 
burned. Nearly every house was used for a hos- 
pital, and medical stores are found in abundance. 
The camp inside the works was dirty and filthy, 
and the inclosure is filled with dUbrU of every 
description. Trophies abound. The early risers 
secured some worthy relics. A strict guard is 
over the works, and stragglers are arrested. 

Several mines had been prepared for our troops 
by placing percussion-shells under ground in the 
railways and entrance to the fort Torpedoes 
and shells, with a fuse &stened to small wires, 
had been also placed in redoubts. The ^fth 
New- York regiment (Duryea*s Zouaves) had five 
men killed and several wounded by the explosion 
of a torpedo. The Thirty-eighth New- York vol- 
unteers, CoL Hobart Ward, had two men killed 
and four wounded by the bursting of a prepared 
shell. The Fortieth New- York volunteers lost 
one man killed and two woimded. The Sevoiti- 
eth regiment New-York volunteers lost two men 
killed. Other casualties have occurred, but I 
cannot send you particulars at present 

Up to within a few days since the rebels in- 
tended to give battle here. Finding, however, 
that the heavy projectiles which we had thrown 
over were terribly destructive, and having reason 
to believe that the batteries we were building 
would, when they should open, soon compel 
them to surrender, joined with other equally 
suggestive circumstances, satisfied the rebel gene- 
rals that their position would speedily be untena- 
blcs and that the best policy for them to pursue 
%tu:k Io eyurunte. It geoms that they dreaded 
mir g n&boaU ^\\\U' iv^ much as our batteries and 
^Hir v^ "1^ I havy r^able information that 
) ^^atly upon assistance from the 
crdcT Ws issued, seven days ago, 
[cfriniao to report to Gen. John- 
* • But the Mcrri- 

the Monitor, and 




DOCUMXNTBL 



18 



iring hy the 25th of May, the defidencjr 
9 detaUed or drafted from the militia bn- 
$r regiments having the fewest men in ser- 
T^w^is raised under this call will not be 
Jemd to confederate service under any dr- 
jrtances without their consent, and on no ac- 
/ont, unless a confederate force, sufficient to 
{ffcreqt inyasion, is sent into the State. These 
ire raised exclusively for home protection. 
Hones, horse equipments and arms lost by the 
cuiulUes of war, will be paid for by the State. 

Men of means and leisure, although advanced 
m jeurs^ now have an opportunity, without sacri- 
fice, to go and fight — too old to walk, they Tain 
now go on horseback. Men tilling the soil can be 
)e» amveniNitly spared; something must be 
prodaoed to eat, either to hve or to fi^t I say 
to the gentlemen of leisure and wealth, make up 
this caU ; leaving the tiller of the soil at home to 
produce something for our fkmilies and the coun- 
try. There are many more than the number 
<aUed for here in Arkansas who will not run a 
fbrow this summer, nor do anything else sub- 
lUntially beneficial to the country. Business, in 
the way of trade, is measurably suspended, and 
money-making for a time ought to be. To be 
rich now, is impossible, for if one owned the whole 
SUta, it is worth nothing until freed. The wave 
of destruction has rolled over the ncMrth-east por- 
tion of the State, and will soon reach the south, 
unless staid by a rampart of Arkansas freemen. 
I am for defence — the Military Board is for de- 
fence, and if aided by the people,^ the State will 
be redeemed. H. M. Rectob, 

Gofemor, and Prcaldanl of MlUtary Bowd. 



Doc. Y. 



BATTLE OP WILLIAMSBURGH, VA. 

GBNERAL HoOLILLAN*S DKSPATOH. 

BiTocAO n Tmomr or WiLUAiisBtTBOB, ) 
May 0, 1802, 10 o*eloek p.m. f 

S^ B. M. Stanton, Secretary of War : 

Arm arranging for movements up York River, 
I was urgently sent itxt here. I find GeiL Jo 
Johnston in front of me in strong force, probably 
greater a good deal than my own. 

Geo. Hancock has taken two redoubts and re- 
pixlscd Early's rebel brigade by a real charge 
with the bayonet, taking one colonel and a hun- 
dred and fifty other prisoners, and killing at least 
two colonels and many privates. His conduct 
was brilliant in the extreme. 

I do not know our exact loss, but fear that 
Gen. Hooker has lost considerably on our left. 

I learn from the prisoners taken that the rebels 
intend to dispute every step to Richmond. 

1 shall run the risk of at least holding them in 
check here, while I resume the original plan. 

My entire force is undoubtedly mferior to that 
of the rebels^ i^^o will fight well ; but I wiU do 
•11 1 can with the force at my disposal. 

O. B. McClellan, 
UaJar-Ckoerai GommmuUBg. 



OnOBRAL H00KER*S OmCUL RKPORT. 



HBADQOAsnas HooKB^ Dnmnm, TnmD Abut Oobps, ) 
WiLLUiaBUBOH,VA., M«y 10, 1802. f 

Captain C. MoEeever, Asst AdjU-Qen, Third 

Army Corpe: 

I have the honor to report that under the in- 
structions received through the Headquarters 
Third Army Corps, dated May fourth, ** to sup- 
port Stoneman, and aid him in cutting off the 
retreat of the enemy,'* my division marched fit>m 
its camp before Yorktown, about noon that day. 

We marched toward Williamsbuigh. After 
advancing five or six miles on this roa^ I learned 
that Brig.-Gen. Stoneman had fitllen upon the 
rear of the enemy's retreating column, and was 
there awaiting the arrival of an infantry force to 
attack them. 

This was five or six miles in advance of me, 
and immediately I left my command and galloped 
to the firont, in order to see what disposition it 
would be necessary to make of my force on its 
arrival While here, I was informed that Brig.- 
Gen. Smith's division had filed into the road in 
advance of my command, and that, in conse* 
quence, my division would be compelled to halt 
until afi«r Smith's had passed. I immediately 
returned to the head of my column, where I found 
my division halted ; and as Smith's was extended, 
it was between three and four hours in passing. 
As soon as this was ascertained, and feeling that 
Stoneman would require no additional support, I 
applied to Brig. -Gen. Heintzelman, the superior 
officer charged with the advance on the Yorktown 
road, for authority to throw my command on to 
the Hampton road, which intersected that on 
which Brig. -Gen. Ston^nan had halted, at the 
identical point his enemy occupied. The angle 
formed by the two roads is a little less than a 
right an^le. Obtaining this permission, the head 
of my division left the brick church about dark, 
and it pressed forward in order, if practicable, to 
come up with the enemy before morning. This, 
however, I soon found would be impossible, for 
the roads were fiightful, the night intensely dark 
and rainy, and many of my men exhausted from 
loss of sleep, and from labor the night before in 
the trenches. The troops were halted in tbs 
middle of the road, between ten and eleven 
o'clock P.M., resolved to stop until daylight, when 
we started again, and came in sight of the enemy's 
works before Williamsburgh about half-past five 
o'clock in the morning. Before emerging firom 
the forest the column was halted, whUe I rode to 
the front to find what could be learned of the 
position of the enemy. 

The first work that presented itself was Fort 
liagruder, and this was standing at the junction 
of Uie Yorktown and Hampton roads, and on each 
side of it was a cordon of redoubts extending as 
far as could be seen. Subsequently I found their 
number to be thirteen, and extending entirely 
across the peninsula, the risht and left of them 
resting on the waters of the York and James 
Rivers. Approaching them firom the south, they 
are concealed by heavy forest until the observer 
is within less than a mile of their locality. 



10 



REBELLION BEOOBD, ISGS. 



knowledge of the location of some of our camps. 
Just then an indiscriminate mass of ammunition- 
wagons, which had been bearing shells to our 
outworks, under cover of the night, came rolling 
with great tumult into our field. The mules 
were stampeding, frightened by the enemy's 
heavy fire. All thought, for a moment, that the 
rebels were making a sortie, and that some of 
our field-batteries were taking a " safer position.*' 
Then came the discovery of ue reality, and much 
joking, but — just as many shells. For several 
hours the rebels fired two-minute guns. At last 
we got out of patience, and opened some heavy 
replies. • After ten minutes — at about two a.m. — 
not another rebel shot was heard. Then desert- 
ers came in, declaring that the rear-guard of the 
foe had evacuated, and was pushing for Williams- 
burgh. 

In two hours it was daylight Lowe and Gen- 
eral Heintzelman made a hurried balloon ascen- 
sion, and confirmed the nn>ort of the deserters. 
Next Colonel Sam. Black, Sixty-second Pennsyl- 
vania, Colonel Gove, Twenty-second Massachu- 
setts, and Captain Boughton, Thirteenth New- 
York, with their trench details, all led by General 
Jameson, general of the trenches, advanced as 
skirmishers, at their own risk, and clambered the 
parapets of Yorktown. Colonel Sam. Black and 
General Jameson were the first men in, and un- 
furled the Stars and Stripes upon the great water- 
angle, whose huge gun, now exploded, gave us so 
much trouble a week ago. 

I think the Press brigade, as usual, was the 
next corps to enter the rebel lines. 

By eight a.m. the whole army, east and west, 
was in hot pursuit of the retreating rebels. I 
learn thus much of the left wing, and am myself 
now writing in the Yorktown works, while Gen. 
Fitz-John Porter's division, from the right wing, 
is pouring through the gates and on beyond the 
fortresses, by the Williamsburgh river road. It is 
preceded by the McClellan dragoons and Sixth 
cayalry, with a large artillery force. It will not 
be sul|>rising if we ^"et have a battle on the penin- 
sula. It will surprise us if we do not make many 
prisoners, as the deserting stay-behinds report 
the eaemy somewhat demoralized, and that many 
of the Irish and Kentucky soldiers have taken to 
the woods. 

One hundred thousand men have occupied the 
whole line opposed to us. Eight thousand staid 
at Yorktown alone until two o'clock this morning, 
then left post haste, spiking all the guns whidi 
they could not remove, and huryirkg percumon 
torpedoes in the vairiou* approaches and gateways, 
I had scarce entered the fort second from the 
river whdn a frightful explosion took place, where 
a group of men were standing in the quadoangle. 
One of the New- York Thirty-eighth (which regi- 
ment, Col. J. H. Ward, first occupied this strong- 
hold) men had trodden on the spring of an infernal 
rebel machine. Two soldiers were killed, I think, 
and others wounded. Just afterward the McClel- 
lan dragoons came on, leading the van of the 
army. They pressed up toward the main entrance 
of Uie rebel rifie-pit^ (across the Williamsburgh 



road,) where we had already unearthed sercnl 
sunken bombs and suspected others were coo- 
cealed. I thought some casualty would occur, 
and watched the progress of the long eolumn. 
The cavalry passed in by fours, and the last com- 
pany had reached the gate when — another expk>- 
sion, a dead horse, and badly mutilated rider. 
** Send for an ambulance." ^* Lay the man by 
the roadside." " Attention, company ! Forward 
by fours I" Another explosion inside the great 
fortress, not five minutes since — and they are 
even now carrying a poor groaning fellow in froDt 
of the rebel tent in which I am writing. 

Well, we have the works, the deserted town— 
a village of twenty houses — ^heaps of shot and 
shell, forty spiked euns in one work alone, and 
thirty-one more in the residual aggr^ate. Your 
correspondents have taken hasty ouUines of the 
Yorktown intrenchmcnts, and wiU try to send jou 
them copied on an engineer's map of the lines, 
with our batteries and approaches Carefully dis- 
played. There is no humbug nor Quaker-gun 
business about these last-captured rebel works. 
Magruder has done his best, with them, and has 
been a year in doing it Our deathful and visible 
means for reducing the line have alone made the 
rebels abandon it without striking a blow — at do 
loss of life to an anny which would, nevertheless, 
have possessed it at any loss. Unequalled by any 
previous rebel earthworks as are the walls of 
Yorktown, I do not believe their defenders could 
have endured three days of the general bombard- 
ment which was to have commenced so soon. 

Writing, as you see, in haste to push on with 
the rest, I will this morning give you only tho 
outline features of Yorktown. An immense earth 
wall, fifteen feet at the parapet and twenty at the 
base, completely invests the land boundaries of the 
place, reaching from the river-bank below to the 
river-shore above. This wall is eighteen feet in 
height, from the bottom of a ditch eleven feet 
high and twelve feet wide. It has transverses, 
bomb-proofs, etc, well distributed throughout It 
is over a mile in total length, and Yorktown is 
forever henceforth a fortress, lacking only case- 
mates to make it very secure. On the water side 
are three batteries, mounting plenty of heavv 
guns, of which only a dozen or so remain. High 
in the village are the old works of 1781. Through 
the plains on the southern approach deep gorges 
form natural inoats ; and across the York River 
lies Gloucester Point, with a scanty rear-guard 
just hurrying from its supporting works, and a 
yellow flag still fluttering ftom its hospital. 

To condude, for I must end and forward these 
hurried pages : 

I. Will the rebels make a stand at an interior 
line of peninsula defences ? 

Deserters say they will not ; that they are afraid 
of McDowell's advance, and are hastening to unite 
with their Gordonsville columns ; that ti^e failure 
of Forts Jackson and St Philip to sink our gun- 
boats in tho Mississippi has opened t^ir eyes to 
the admirable shrewdness of McClellan in essay- 
ing the peninsula. 

Per contra. Read the curious addresses which 



DocuMrara 



18 



we find awsitiiig ub here in Tarious parts of (he 
works. Here ia one copied from a sand-bag on 
Cheg;nuiidpaimpei: 

"FoiXOw'ua, AHD WB WILL OIYB TOU WHAT YOU 

wo!r> XEKD. Just comb out a fbw miles. All 

WX WAMT 18 A FAIR SHOWING." 

Is this a delphic utterance veiling some mys- 
terious danger in wut for us ahead, or possibly a 
weak inrention of the enemy ? Here is another 
which, if not specific, is at least expressive of a 
certain courageous mortification at the last rebel 
skedaddle : 

•10 THB ITBOTB VSOM UNGOCNDOlfr-FROM DIZIK 
"TouTOWi, Mays. 
••We leave you by order of our superiors, but 
we do so with the consolation of meeting you soon 
agaia Know, gentlemen, that we are more anxi- 
ous to do so now than ever before. The war has 
just begun. You will have to contest every inch 
of ground with us after this. For this is the last 
time we obey orders to retreat without trying 
jour mettle, let them emanate from whom they 
may ; and ours are the feelings of every soldier 
irom Louisiwia. 

"We are, with the compliments of the non- 
commissioned officers and privates of company 
E, First battery heavy artillery, 

** First Sergeant, E. T. Groveb, 
** Second Sergeant, Fbkd. Winters, 
" Fourth Sergeant, J. M. Staples, 
"And others." 

One more spedmen, and you will see that the 
** internal evidence" of rebel intentions is at least 
conflicting : 

^'To Otn. MeCldlan and Command: 

'*The Fortieth Alabama regiment have been 
sitting very quiet for the last four hoiurs, listening 
to our guns belching vengeance to your lines. 
Tou mi^t as well attempt to change the run of 
the James Riveras to subjugate the Confederacy. 
YaU ! VaU ! Co. K, 40th Ala." 

IL Why have the rebels not been so completely 
farrounded that any movement would have been 
utterly impossible without a battle ? 

Perhaps because Gen. McDowell*s command 
WIS ordered to Fredericksburgh, and its control 
taken away from Gen. McClellan, at the moment 
when the latter had mxlered it to proceed to Ur- 
btna, on tihe Rappahannock, and push for the 
rebel rear. Perhiaps because the Meirimac has 
prevented such boats as Commodore Goldsbor- 
ough has had from sailing up the rivers. Per- 
haps because McClellan had landed all his force 
at Old Point before knowing that he was to be 
deprived of HcDoweirs corp9 d^armie. Perhaps 
because we are getting thus fiur bravely on to 
Richmond and all is as well as it could be. Pro- 
I bably firom a combination of all these and other 
causes. It is not yet time, nor has any one yet 
the power, to write a fiur and faithful history of 
this campaign. 



Doc. 0. 



-WORT. 



GOVERNOR RECTOR'S ADDRESS. 

OmCS MlUTAKT BQA1& * 

Lnrrui Rock, Maj ^ 1862. f 
To the Freemen of Arhaneeu : 

Fbllow-Citizbks : Again your authorities, 
charged with the duty of preserving and defend- 
ing your State government, deem it imp^ntively 
necessary to call you to arms. Northern troops, 
formidable in numbers and preparation, are in the 
heart of your State, marching upon your capital, 
with the avowed purpose of perverting your gov- 
ernment, plundering your people, eating your sub- 
sistence, and erecting over your heads as a final 
consummation, a despotic ruler the measure ot 
whose power will be the hatred he bears his sub- 
jects. 

Will the thirty thousand fireemen, capable ot 
bearing arms, yet in Arkansas, look listlessly on, 
while chains are being riveted upon their limbs 
by a few thousand Hessians torn the North — 
hireling mercenary cowards as they are, seeking 
to enslave us, that they may grow rich upon our 
substance, and divide us and our children as con- 
quered subjects. This cannot, will not be-r-our 
people in the government of their choosing — in 
the sacredness of their persons — and defence of 
their property must be determined. We can and 
will defend it ; unaided if it must be so, at every 
cost and sacrifice, rather than live under the dom- 
ination of the detestable and execrable Lincoln 
government 

The enemv upon our soil is crushing to earth 
the proud spirit of our people ; presuming upon 
the temporary absence of many of our brave men, 
they seek to crush the energy and courage of the 
remainder. We will drive them firom amongst 
us. Where there is a will there is always a way. 
An enlightened and brave people will never be 
subjugated. 

The armies of the revolution were at one time un- 
der Geoi^ Washington, reduced to two thousand 
five hundred men ; still with the blessings of God 
and an undying spirit of resistance, the American 
coloni^ each upon its own account, putting forth 
its entire energies, conquered a peace from a re- 
luctant and powerful government So if we of 
Arkansas are true to ourselves — true to our pro- 
fessions of hatred for the North, and devotion to 
the South — ^true in our devotion for constitutional 
liberty and free government, the sun will never 
set upon us a subjugated and conquered race. 
Then by authority and sanction of the Military 
Board whose duty it is to protect the State from 
invasion — ^whose right it is to call an army in the 
field when the confederate States *^ refuse or ne- 
glect " to protect the people, I call upon each and 
every man capable of bearing arms to prepare at 
once to meet the enemy, though it is not contem- 
plated that all will go--some must — a sufficient 
number must, to free the State and repel the ty- 
rant The law is, '^ that every able-bodied frte 
white male inhabitant between the ages of eigh- 
teen and forty -five years, shall constitute the 
militia of the State. No person shall bo colled 



16 



REBELUON RECORD, 1862. 



A&d to express my yery gnteful acknowledgment 
for the encouragement inspired by his presence, 
and for the aid and support he gave me by his 
counsel and conduct 

As soon as darkness concealed their move- 
ments, the rebels retreated in a state of utter de- 
moralization, leaving behind artillery, wagons, 
etc., etc 

History will not be believed when it is told 
that the noble officers and men of my division 
were permitted to carry on this unequal struggle 
firom morning until night, unaided, in the presence 
of more than thirty Uiousand of their comrades 
with arms in their hands. Nevertheless, it is 
true. 

If we failed to capture the rebel army on the 
plains of Williamsbuigh, it surely will not be 
ascribed to the want oif conduct and courage in 
my command 

The field was marked by an unusual numb^ 
of instances of conspicuous courage and daring, 
which I shall seek an early opportunity to brine 
to the notice of the Commander of the Third 
corps. 

At this time I can speak but in general terms 
of the regiments and batteries engaged in the bat- 
tle of Williamsburgh. Their list of the killed and 
wounded from among their numbers will forever 
determine the extent of their participation in this 
hard -fought and dearly -contested field. Their 
constancy and courage are deserving all praise. 
My profound and grateful acknowledgments are 
tendered to them. 

I am under great obligations to the officers of 
my staff for eminent services, and especially to 
Gapt Joseph Dickinson, my Assistant A^jutant- 
Qcncml, and to my AidE-de-Catnp^ Lieutonanta 
Wm- H- Lawrence and Joi;eph Abbot, who wurc 
with me tiirouf^hout the tJay. 

The loss of my division on thig field was : 

Commissioned officers killed^ * - • • , 21 

Commiifi^ibnefl ofllccrs wounded, 65 

Enlisted men killed, 817 

Etilit^tud men wounded, , 837 

Enliiitcd men misising, , ,,....*,, 3S6 

Total , 1675 

Very respectful ly» yoar obedient servant, 
Jo5Ern Hooker, 

OMCEAL RRAE?rEr3 OITICIAL ll£t"OIlT. 

tft4itQrjutTtaf Tniup Prri^iav, i 

Qkf^Atn : I ha ire tbo hnnor to rt port that, on 
rpmnng orrli nine a.m., 

the division f 7ntl ^hfvrt- 

u«. A L ^ 

from rji t, 'A^^^^'^^ ^ HL.Jr'^^''^ 

LH*e<l t*j ti 

^%|jr(Hi Vwrii I nil 

my diviKioft at 



church my route was to the left, the direct road 
to Williamshurgh. At half-past one p.m., within 
three and a half miles of the hattle-fleld, I halted 
my column to rest for the first time, and to get 
the lengthened files in hand before committing 
them to action. Capt Moses, of the GeneraTs 
stafl^ with great energy assisted me in this effort 
Almost immediately, however, on orders fit)m 
Geo. Heintzelman, '^ our knapsacks were piled," 
and the head of the column resumed its mardi, 
taking the double-qpck wherever the mud-holes 
left a footing. Amved at one mile firom the en- 
gagement, you, in person, brought me an order 
for detaching three regiments, one fix>m Berry's, 
the leading brigade, and two fix>m Bbney's, the 
second to support Emory's horse to the left of the 
position. 

Approaching near the field, word was brought 
by an aid-de-camp that Hooker's cartridges were 
expended, and with increased rapidity we en- 
tered under fire. Having quickly consulted with 
Gen. Hooker and received Gen. Heintzelman*s 
orders as to the point of onset, I at once deployed 
Berry's brigade to the left of the Williamsbui^h 
road, and Bimey's on the right of it, taking 
to cover the movement and to support the re- 
maining battery that had ceased to m-e, two com- 
panies of Poe's r^'ment As our troops came 
into action the remnants of the brave men of 
Hooker's division were passed, and our regiments 
promptlv commenced an imremitting, well-di- 
rected fire. However, firom the lengthening of 
the files the gap occasioned by the withdrawal 
fi*om the column of three regiments and the si- 
lence of this battery, I soon was left no alterna- 
tive than to lead forward to the chaiige the two 
companies of the Second Michigan volunteers to 
beat back tho vncmy's skirmishers, now crowd- 
ing on our pieces. This duty was performed by 
oiBccrs onJ men with superior intrepidity, and 
enabled Muj. Wainw right, of Hooker s division, 
to collect hl& artillensts and reopen fire firom sev- 
eral pieces. A new support was then collected 
from the Fifth New -Jersey, who, terribly decima- 
ted prcviouKly^ again came forward with alacrity. 
The a flair wae now fully and successfully engaged 
alon^ our whole line, and the regiments kept 
steadily gaining ground. But the heavy strewn 
timber of the atiatti^ defied all du-ect approach. 
Tntroducing^ therefore, firesh marksmen firom Poe's 
regiment, I ordered CoL Hobart Ward, of the 
Thirty-^jighth New -York volunteers TSoott Life- 
Guord) to charge d^mn the road and take the rifie- 
pits on the eerjtre of the abattis by their fiank. 
Thia duty Col Ward performed with great gal- 
lantry; hm martial demeanor imparting all confi- 
dence in the dtt;ick. Still the move, though near- 
ly suecesaful, did not quite prevail ; but with 
bravery every point thus gamed was perfectly 
f^uHl^iiKHi The kil wing of CoL Riley's regi- 
mv^rit, the Fc^rUetll Xew-iork volunteers, Olo- 
zart^) wiui tif xt hvnt for and the Colonel being 
VttUadtiy t^ii^^»^t!cl in firont came up brilliantly 
<^Hi|i{:t.d l-_v Cnpt Mindil, chief of Cfen. Bimey's 
^ ' '•rw' charged up to the open space and 

ym^ light artillery, and gaining thsi 



1 



BOCUHENTa 



17 



mj's rear caused him to relinquish his corer. 
The victory was ours. 

About this period. Gen. Jameson brought up 
the rear brigade, and the detailed regiments hav- 
ing previou^y reported, in the midst of a severe 
fire, a second line was established and two col- 
umns of regiments made disposable for further 
moves. But darkness, with the still drizzling 
nin, now closed, and the regiments bivouacked 
on the field they had won. The reconnoissance 
during the night, and the early patrols of the 
morning, revealed the enemy retiring, and Gen. 
Deintzelman in person ordered into the enemy^s 
works (which our pickets of the One Hundred 
and Fifth Pennsylvania regiment, under Lieut 
Gilbert, were entering with Gen. Jameson) the 
Fourth Maine r^ment to erect thereon its stand- 
srd and take possession in full force. I have to 
mark out for the high commendation of the Gen- 
eral-in-Chief Gens. Jameson, Birney, and Berry, 
whose soldierly judgment was alone equalled by 
their distinguished courage, I refer you to their 
re{>orts to do justice to the names of the gallant 
officers and men under their immediate comooand. 
Having confined myself to the centre, principally 
the key of the position, I report as having con- 
Epicaously distinguished themselves, imparting 
Tictory all around. Cols. Poe, Second Michigan 
Tolunteers, and Hobart Ward, Thirty-eighth 
Xew-Yorit volunteers. Never in any action was 
the influence of the stafif more perceptible. All 
were most eflSdent and defiant of danger. I 
etpecially notice Capt Smith, Assistant Adjutant- 
General of Gen. Berry, and predict for him a ca- 
reer of usefulness and glory. My own staff were 
tmly my means of vision in this battle in the 
woods. I have to deplore the loss of my chief of 
sUfl| Capt. Wilson, who was killed while putting 
io execution my desire for a general onset at the 
period of the last charge, fidling within the ene- 
my's lines. Also, of Lieut Barnard, late of 
M'est-Point, at the end of the engiigement^ after 
haviDg previously lost a horse. Capt W. V. Stur- 
ps^ my aid, was brave, active, and judicious. 
Lieut Moore, another of my aids, renewed on 
the field his previous distinction gained abroad. 
My volunteer aid, Mr. Watts Depuyster, bore 
himself handsomely in this his first action. I 
bare the honor to append the list of killed and 
wounded, which, though not impairing our future 
efficiency, was a severe loss for the few engaged. 
Our liatteries were on the field but not required, 
Maj. Wainwright^ of Hooker's division, having 
1>J much personal effort resumed the fire of sev- 
(tal pieces; but Capt Thompson, U.S. A., chief 
of my division of artillerv, m the midst of a 
beavj fire^ gave me the benefit of his ezperi- 

I biife the honor to be your ob't &err\ 
P. Kearnbt, 
BricMllcT-Oeiieral Third DWlaioQ, Third Oorpi. 

t<X McKbevsb, 

\ Oenanl, Hefaitxekaan*! Corps. 

^ig is the report of Gen. Kearney 
»: 



Hbadqvabtxbs TmBO Dinsioir.RnirKBLMAS^s Coipi,\ 
Cavp Bbxbt, May 10, ISes. f 

To ffU Excellency, Got. A. G. Curtin, of Pa. : 

Sir : As the commanding officer of this divi- 
sion, of which three regiments, the Fifty-seventh, 
Sixty-third, and the One Hundred and Fifth Penn- 
sylvania volunteers form a portion, I cannot re- 
frain fi-om calling to your notice the important 
part performed by them in the battle of Williams- - 
burgh, on the fifth instant, and if not themselves 
the sufferers in loss, they contributed, by steady 
and imposing attitude, to the success of those 
more immediately engaged, and would have 
formed a means of subduing all opposition should 
the enemy have resisted on the following day. 
A picket of one hundred and twelve men of the 
One Hundred and Fifth, under Lieut Gilbert, 
were the first to enter the enemy's works, follow- 
ed by the Fourth Maine, of Gen. Bimey's brigade. 
CoL A. A. McKnight, One Hundred and Fifth 
Pennsylvania, CoL Alexander Hays, Sixty-third, 
and C. T. Campbell, Fifty-seventh, are in my first 
brigade, commanded by Gen. Jameson. In con- 
clusion, your Excellency, it is not by her noble 
regiments Pennsylvania was distinguished in the 
last great battles. I have to bring to your no- 
tice, and to that of the people of the State, that 
the second brigade of my division was command- 
ed by a Pennsylvanian, Gen. Birney. This offi- 
cer displayed coolness and courage, and brought 
into the field the talents which distinguished him 
among his fellow-citizens. He has proved him- 
self a good colonel — his brigade is the model of 
good discipline. His genius of command was 
equally conspicuous on this day. 
I have the honor to be, sir, your oVt serv't, 
P. Kearney, 
Brigadler-Oeneral Third IMtIsIoii, Third Oorpa. 

GENERAL BIBNETS REPORT. 

Hbasqitabtbh Bnmr^ Bbioadu, Kbashst'b Ditiskui, I 
Gamp mbab Wii.i.umhbuboh, Va., M^ 6, 1803. f 

Sir: I have the honor to report that after a 
wearisome march of six hours on yesterday, 
'through deep mud and a drenching rain, my bri- 
gade being heavily burdened with knapsacks, hav- 
ersacks, and shelter-tents, I received an order 
from Gen. Kearney to relieve the troops under 
my command from all encumbrances and move 
forward to the scene of action, some three miles 
distant, as rapidly as possible. Leaving under 
guard all encumbrances, the brigade, although 
jaded and wearied, moved forward as rapidly as 
the roads would permit On nearing the front, 
by order of Gen. Heintzelman, through Captaia 
McKeever, I detached the Third and Fourth 
Maine regiments, and proceeded with the Thirty- 
eighth and Fortieth New-York regiments to the 
fi^nt When I reached the front, under Gen. 
Kearney's orders, I deptoyed the Thirty-eighth 
and right wing of the Fortieth New-York regi- 
ments to the right of the road, and relieved, op- 
portunely, fragments of regiments that had been 
in the fight They marched steadily to the fix>nt, 
and drove the enemy, after a furious contest, 
from the woods. They fell back over fidlen tim- 
ber, and opened a destructive fire from rifle-pits. 



J 



18 



REBELLION BECORD. 1862. 



They were supported bj' their batteries, which 
poured a well-aimed and destructive fire into our 
ranks. The Thirty-eighth and right wing of the 
Fortieth New-Tork behaved nobly, and main- 
tained their position. During the contest, the 
Thirty-eighth New-York regiment, under Colonel 
Ward, were ordered to chai^ down the main 
road in advance of the Michigan regiments, and, 
piercing the enemy^S'Oentre, to carry the rifle-pits 
D^ the flank, and the left wing of CoL Riley*s re- 

Sment (Fortieth New -York) were ordered in 
ce manner to follow the Thirty-eighth New- 
York, to take the enemy in the rear. I sent with 
this wing Gapt Mindel, of my stafl^ and under 
Gen. Kearney B presence he led them to the dan- 
gerous position assigned them. Gapt Gesner, of 
the left wine, and Gapt Mindel behaved well un- 
der the terrible fire that greeted them, and led 
the brave officers and men under them gallantly 
and worthily. Night coming on, put an end to 
the pursuit, and, amidst the daricness and rain, 
we waited the morning. During the night the 
Third and Fourth Mune regiments, that had been, 
previous to the contest, detached by order of 
Gen. Heintzelman, reported to me for duty in 
front, and by order of Gen. Kearney I moved 
them to the front, to relieve the Thirty-eighth 
and Fortieth New-York regiments. I pushed 
them on to the enemy*s works, found them de- 
sertedj and troops to the left of us in possession. 
My brigade has lost several gallant officers and 
many brave men in this contest Annexed you 
will find a list of killed, wounded, and missing. 

Where so much gallantry was displayed it is 
difficult to select the most deserving of notice. 
To GoL Ward, Gapts. Mindel and Gesner fell the 
good fortune to lead the most important chai^ges, 
and they were well supported by the gallant offi- 
cers and men under them. CoL Riley maintained 
well his position, and executed the orders with 
coolness and efficiency. The loss of the rebels in 
front of my regiments was terrible ; those that 
remained on the ground, some forty, were de- 
cently buried. The Thir^-eiehth New- York r^ 
eiment, or '* Scott Life-Guu^" preserved well the 
nigh reputation it gained for gallantry at Bull 
Run, and although in that engagement and in this 
it has lost fifteen officers and one third of its 
members, it is still ready to devoto the balance to 
support our flag. I ask that Congress will, by 
special resolution, authorize this rmment to place 
upon its flag, ''Bull Run" and ''Williamsburgh," 
and the Fortieth New-York or Mozart regiment, 
'* Williamsbuiigh." I trust that the General com- 
manding division, seeing how well two of m^ 
regiments carried out his orders, will never hesi- 
tate to rely on my brigade 

Lieut -CoL Strong, Thirty-eighth New-York re- 
giment, deserves speciifl mention for his gdUant 
conduct His wound, although disabling him, I 
am happy to report is not mortal, and he will be 
soon returned to his regiment 

I am yours truly, D. B^ Bishbt, 



Lieut W. G. Sturois, 

▲. ▲. Q«oml, XMnMgr^ UvMoB. 



LRTEK raOM ODnCRAL KSARNIT. 

HiADQUAknu Tbibd BimiM HminBLiiAa^ Ooan, I 
Oaht Bnsr, HA—imTim, Umy 10, ISflS. | 

To HU Excellency Oo9. Morgan : 

Sib : It is with ^reat satis&ction that I have 
the honor of bringing to your notice the diatin- 
guished conduct of offloera and regiments of the 
State of New- York, comprised in my di/ision, 
and as particularly illustrated in the late severe 
but victorious engagement of the fifth instant in 
front of Williamsburgfa. These were the Thir^- 
seventh, CoL Hayman; the Thirty-eighth, CoL 
J. H. Hobart Ward, and Fortieth, Colonel Riley. 
New- York will ever hold her place as Emfure 
State as long as she has such sons to represent 
her. 

I( Your Excellency, I do not partioiilarize in- 
dividual officers, it is that I could not, where all 
was seal, distineuish one without injusUoe to the 
other. The Colonels are of the same opinion as 
myself Colonels of two of them stop before the 
difficulty of a selection ; another, CoL Hayman, 
includes his entire list 

The services of these regiments were most 
necessary. Each of the three bore the full brunt 
of the battle. The Thirty-seventh, CoL Hayman, 
constituted our extreme left, part of Gen. Berry*8 
brigade. The Thirty-eighth and Fortieth R^- 
ments served on the right flank. During the ac- 
tion, the Thirty-eightl^ CoL Ward, and a wing 
of the Fortieth regiment, were marshaled for the 
desperate work of piercing the enemy's left cai- 
tre and carrying the rifle-pite in the nearly im- 
passable abattis — a desperate undertaking. But 
X knew their reputation, and I was sure of their 
success. CoL Hobart Ward lost nine officers out 
of the nineteen that went into action. Two of 
them were prisoners, and were rescued. 

Your Excellency, I particulariy name to you 
these Colonels, as most meritorious and gallant 
officers, and trust that their State will ever be 
mindful of them as her proud representatives. 

Your Excellency, in making you this, my first 
official communication, I am liappy to embrace 
the occasion to assure you how sensible I have 
ever been of your having recommended me origi- 
nally as one of the Generals within your nomina- 
tion. 

I enclose the list of killed and wounded of these 
three New- York regiments. 
Most respectfully. 
Your obedient servant, 

P. Kbarvet, 

Brig.-0«&. Commandinff Third MtUoii 

HdntwlniaDH Oorpa. 

OOMPUMINT TO TBS ICAINK TROOM. 

HiADQnAiTBs TanD Drmiov Hmrmuui^Oaapa, I 
Camp Bnutr, BASBAmnixi, Va., Umj 10. f 

To SiM ^BceUency, lerael WaeKbum^ Jr,, Gov- 
ernor of Maine : 

Sir : As Commanding General of this division, 
of which two of the Generals commanding bri- 
gades, (Gen. Jameson and Gen. Berry,) as well 
as two rmments, the Third Maine, Col. Staples, 
and the ^urth, CoL Walker, form a part, I Uke 
this opportunity of calling to your notice their 



DOCUMENTS. 



19 



meritorious conduct in the late fight, and to dis- 
pUj the fuA (hat, although these regiments were 
not sufferers in the late engagement at Williams- 
\m^ haring been detached by Gen. Heintsel- 
naa to guard Uie left flank, by their steady and 
imposing attitade, they contributed to the success 
of those more immediately engaged. And I as- 
toreyoa, sir, that with such material, command- 
ed by such sterling officers, nothing but success 
can crown our efforts when the occasion requires. 
[ have the honor to enclose the report of €ren. D. 
E Bimey, who commanded the noble brigade, of 
whidi these two regiments form a part Gen. 
fiirney oomnuuids two New-York and two Maine 
repeats. 

It k peeoliarly appropriate^ after having ren- 
dered justice to the regiments and Colonels, to 
bring Gens. Jameson and Berry to the especial 
itteottOQ of yoorself and citizens at home, who 
look to them for noble deeds, to illustrate their 
u&ate ; and I am proud to state that they hare 
tmplj filled the full meed of anticipated distinc- 
tion. 

Gen. Berry, charged with the left wing of our 
lioe of bftttk, evinced a courage that might have 
^ expected of him, (when, as Colonel of the 
Fourth regiment of Ifaine volunteers, he nearly 
avcd the day at Bull Run,) and also a genius for 
vvuda pertinacity in the fight that proved 
biffl fit for high command — for he was most 
sererelj assailed on the left, and had most dif- 
ficult rifle-pits and abattis to fiice and carry. 

Gen. Jameson, who commands the First bri- 
gade, (One hundred and Second, Sixty-third and 
rifty-8e?enth Pexmsylvania volunteers, and Eigh- 
ty-seventh New-York,) forming the rear of the 
colomn on the march from camp, on the fifth 
io^, used vigor in bringing up his men, under 
erery difficulty^ and was with me under severe 
^ when he arrived, and gave guarantee of a re- 
solntion that promised success, in case daylight, 
mntiQing to ua, he had been advanced to the at- 
t<ri[ of Fort Magruder, and those works which 
the eoemy evacuated to us during the night, and 
vfaieh he was the first to enter at daylight 

I hare the honor, sir, to be your obedient 
w?int, P. Kbarnbv, 

Brifiidi»€taSflnl OomnModlng Third Dlvliion 
HeiatMlnuu*! Gorpt. 

XodCLLAirB TRIBUTB TO HIS TROOPS. 

Camp, 19 Milm fbom WiLLiAnsauBOH, ) 

M^ 11, isea. f 
n^n^R M, Stanton, Secretary of War : 

Without waiting further for official reports, 
which have not yet reached me, I wish to bear 
testimony to the splendid conduct of Hooker's 
uwl Keamejr's divisions, under command of Gen. 
Heintielman, in the battle of Williamsburgh. 
^«r bearing was worthy of veterans. Hooker's 
<itTi.<uon for hours gallanUy withstood the attack 
of greatly superior numbers, with very heavy 
J^^. Kearney's division arrived in time to re- 
^^^ the fortunes of the day, and came most 
S^i^ntly into action. I shall probably have oc- 
^m to call attention to other commands, and 
^ not wish to do injury to them by mentioning 



them now. Had I had the full information I 
now have in regard to the troops above named 
when I first telegraphed, they would have been 
specially mentioned and commended. I spoke 
only of what I knew at the time, and I shall re- 
joice to do full justice to all engaged. 

Geo. B. McClella.n, 

Mijor-Ocacral CommAndlng. 
ORDER OF BRIO.-OSNSRAL OOUGH. 

HiADQUABTBS OOOCD*! DXTOIOir, ) 

Gamp wum Ncw-Kbxt OoraT-Uooai, V*., May 14, 1808. f 
General Order No. S7. 

The Brigadier-General Commanding desires to 
express his thanks to the division for the heroic 
courage and fortitude displayed by them at the 
battle of Williamsburgh, Va., on the fifth inst 

Gen. Peck, with his brigade, consisting of the 
Sizty-second New- York, Ninety-third Pennsyl- 
vania, One Hundred and Second Pennsylvania, 
Fifty-fifth New- York, and Ninety-eighth Penn- 
sylvania, had the good fortune to be in advance : 
and arriving on the battle-ground at a critiod 
time, won a reputation greatly to be envied. 

Gen. Devens, with his brisade, hurried for- 
ward. The Second Rhode Island and Seventh 
Massachusetts were pushed to support Gen. Peck 
at a trying period of the fight, and were faithful 
to their trust The Tenth Massachusetts was 
sent to the right to support Gen. Hancock, and 
did good service. The General Ck>mmanding 
deeply regrets the absence at Warwick of the 
Thirty-sixth New-York. 

Ghraham's brigade came up too late to share in 
the glory of the fight, but not too late to assure 
the Division-General that they were ready for 
any duty which soldiers could be asked to per- 
form. 

Friends I we have gained the confidence of our 
country ; let us in future battles, as in the last, 
show that we can face our rebel foes, and whip 
them, too. By order of 

Brigadier-General Couch. 

Francis A. Walker, A.A.G. 

Official •— Wm. H. Morris, 

GapUln, A.A.a. 
NEW-TORK **EVBNIN0 POST** NAERATIVX. 

Tomowa, Va., May 8^ 1848. 

Amased by the proportions and strength of 
the rebel fortifications at Yorktown, the Northern 
public could hardly have expected that at a point 
so near as Williamsburgh our army would en- 
counter works of the same elaborate and formida- 
ble character, and meet a stout and protracted 
resistance on the part of the retreating enemy. 
The march to Williamsburgh, which be^ at an 
early hour on Sunday, the fourth instant, was 
made with much caution, and yet with a rapidity 
which quite astonished the fleeing foe. The 
prisoners, taken at one pdint and another upon 
the road, all expressed the greatest surprise at 
our hasty advance, ** never dreaming," as one re- 
marked to me, ** that wo would ao soon venture 
beyond Yorktowa" 

The weather has been dry for some days, and 
the roads were in tolerably fiur condfition. The 



20 



REBELLION RECORD, 1862. 



fields were barren until three or four miles be- 
yond Yorktown, where there were signs of culti- 
yation and many acres of thrifty wheat The 
houses were, with searcely an exception, aban- 
doned. White flags — a plea for protection — 
were floating from some of them ; and in one in- 
stance, where a mother and her little ones re- 
mained, each waved a white handkerchief in a 
wanner so touching and plaintive that the stout- 
est hearts in our ranks were affected by the sight 
I made a request for a cup of cold water, which 
was promptly supplied, my excuse for tarrying a 
moment at this house. Both mother and child- 
ren were trembling at the sight of our armed 
hosts, but the good woman assured me that her 
trust was in the Lord, and she knew that he 
would protect her. The &ther had fled ; two or 
three negro servants remained, but were in great 
trepidation. The buildings and fences were well 
preserved, and in the garden were pretty flowers, 
the first I had seen on the march. Tet to an in- 
quiry for luncheon the mother replied that she had 
nothing in the house but a little hominy, and that it 
had long been impossible to procure a supply of 
provisions. She earnestly deprecated the war : 
and well she might, for her little household had 
felt its terrors most keenly. 

The coTp% ^armee of Heintzelman and Keyes 
had first moved "forward, the divisions of Hooker 
and Smith taking the lead, the former by the road 
from Yorktown and the latter hj a road from 
Warwick Court-House, which jomed the Wil- 
liamsburgh road at the Gheesecoke Church, an 
antiquated building used by the " Oldside Bap- 
tists, erected in colonial times, and some six 
miles from Yorktown. Here again the divisions 
parted, Hooker going to the left and Smith ad- 
vancing to the right Of course both were pre- 
ceded by cavalry and artillery, and on the after- 
noon of Sunday, at a distance of not more than 
two or three miles from the church, there were 
two considerable skirmishes. In the first of 
these, to the left, Gen. Emory was in command, 
and had with him Qilson*s battery, detachments 
of the First and Sixth regular cavalry, including 
the McClellan dragoons, under Major Barker, and 
the Third Pennsylvania cavalry, Col. AverilL 
Meeting the enemy's cavalry, they were thorough- 
ly routed by one of Gilson's guns, which he fired 
himself with rare coolness and precision, and a 
charge of the drasoons and the Third Pennsylva- 
nia cavalry, a volunteer regiment, which, under 
the control of the accomplished and fearless 
Averill, is fitted to render most efficient service. 
On the right, at Whittaker's mill, Gen. Stoneman, 
chief of cavalry, with three batteries and portions 
of the First and Sixth r^ular cavalry, also Fams- 
worth's Eighth Illinois cavalry, captured a fine 
twelve-pounder gun, which had been moved from 
an earthwork and drawn to the edge of the pond 
Here also Frank Lee, a captain in the Thirty- 
second Virginia infitntry, was made prisoner. 

A couple of miles further on, and beyond Whit- 
taker's house, which subsequently became the 
headquarters of our generals, Stoneman was met 
by a strong force of the enemy, and fell back, for 



want of infitntry, after a sharp and unprofitable 
skirmish. He had imprudently approached the 
very works of the enemy, and charged them with- 
out any adequate support, and the result was a 
repulse, with the loss of a gun and a dosen 
wounded men« Hia troops fell back to the (^ 
church before referred to, and that building waa 
made a hospital for his injured as well as for 
those of Emorjr's command. Here, too, our pri- 
soners, some score or more, were detained, and 
a bevy of contrabands of all shades^ who had 
come to our lines during the day, wiUi their ef- 
fects upon their backs, were halted for the night 

While the surgeons were busy in the churdi, 
the venerable walls of which were soon crimsooed 
with blood, the prisoners and contrabands were 
quartered around blazing fires. The fonner were 
several of them officers of intelligence — one a 
graduate of Yale College, another a well-knovD 
New-Orleans merchant They bore their capture 
with considerable equanimity, while the oontn- 
bands were as merry and loquacious as thoo^ 
they had reached the goal of their highest am- 
bition. 

During the night Hooker's and Smith's divisions 
pressed forward to their respective destinations 
on the left and right, in firont of the enemy's works 
at Williamsburgh. Slowly but steadily they 
marched by the old church, with its surround- 
ing fires. At midnight it b^n to rain, and the 
darkness, before oppressive, became absolutely 
impenetrable. As the companies filed by, they 
were at once lost to view, and speedily the moist- 
ened earth began to quiver under the tramp of 
the troops. Far away to the left Hooker's men 
approached the enemy's position, while to the cen- 
tre and right Smith's division formed in front of 
his forts. 

** From camp to camp, through lh« fool womb of night, 
The hum of either army etfiljr •ouoda, 
That the Axed Motinele almoei recelre 
The lecret whlspere of each other*! watch.** 

A dark, dreary morning, with torrents of rain, ' 
found the contending armies &ce to face. Flushed | 
with their repulse of Stoneman, the rebels early | 
began to advance their pickets on the left, and a.s ' 
quickly the determined Hooker drove them back. I 
Bramhall's and Smith's batteries, both from New- | 
York, were soon in acUon, but their progress was 
thwarted by the condition of the roads. The 
former was eventually lost, after a gallant defence, 
the horses being unable to move the guns. It 
was retaken on Tuesday. Throu(;hout the morn- 
ing Hooker stru^led manfully against the run, 
the mud, and the rebels, who appeared on the 
left in great strength. Gen. Heintzelman was on 
the field much of the time, and pronounces the 
contest extremely severe ^ other experienced offi- 
cers represent it as terrible beyond precedent 
Grover's, Patterson's, and Sickles's brigades were 
battled with a fury, under odds, and with a 
slaughter which had well-nigh exhausted and 
driven them from tho field, after the artillery bad 
withdrawn, but for the timely arrival, at twd 
o'clock, of Kearney's division, consisting of th« 
brigades of Berry, Bimey, and Jameson. These 



DOCUMENTS. 



21 



good troops^ though weary with long and rapid 
mirrhing, under the aturdy lead of Ueintzelnuui, 
were not long in turning the lido in our fiivor, 
though it cost them, especudiy the Scott Life- 
Guard and Mozart regiments of New- York, a 
heavy outlay of life. 

Troops of less experience and hardihood would 
bare flinched where these fiiced the music with a 
stubbornness which must have surprised the 
eoemy. 

Meantime Smithes division was doing nobly on 
the right and centre. Hancock's brigade, com- 
n)sed of the Fifth Wisconsin, Forty-third New- 
Xivk, Forty-ninth Pennsylvania, and Sixth Maine 
regents, was on the extreme right, while 
Brooks's Vermont brigade occupied Uie centre, 
and both bore the heat of battle most nobly. 
Ereiy few moments couriers brought tidings of 
the steadiness of these fine brigades, and our ex- 
pectation that they would do themselves great 
honor during the day was by no means disap- 
pointed. Everywhere the enemy found them 
stern and determined combatants, and worthy 
their exalted reputation. 

At headquarters, Whittaker's house, a sightly 
locality opposite the centre of our lines, between 
which and the enemy's works there was a narrow 
wood, Gens. Sumner, Keyes, and Heintzelnmn 
wore in firequent consultation. The former, 
though few faroops of his corps were upon the 
field, by virtue of his rank was in command. 
The active duties of the day were, however, per- 
ibrmed by Keyes and Heintzelman, who were in- 
de&tigable, and by their clear comprehension of 
the exigencies of the contest added, if possible, 
to their excellent fame as commanders. The 
UoioQ army boasts of no better soldiers than 
these two gallant and popular men. Whatever 
of unnecessary delay there may have been in 
bringing forth reinforcements during the day, it 
Guinot be attributed to theoL 

At four o^clock in the afternoon the battle was 
at its height. The scene from headquarters at 
that time was exciting and imposing beyond de- 
scnptioa Skirting the woods to the left, to the 
right, and before us, forming a half-circle two or 
three miles in extent, were thousands of our in- 
£u)try men, pouring a steady fire into the dense 
Crests, where the^ enemy was steadily advancing. 
From my horse I could see the smoke of the 
muskets gracefully curling among the tall trees 
u)d hear the crackling reports, which at every 
moment announced the severity of our attack, 
and brought forth the prompt response of the 
confederates ; and now for the first tune the rebel 
^tiUery began to be eflfective in the centre of our 
line& The hissing shells were thrown nearer, 
^ with greater precision, and even burst be- 
jTood headquarters, to the consternation of some 
of the youthful aids -de-camps who had never 
heen under fire, and to the greater alarm of the 
women and children yet remaining in the house. 

Nov, also, our own reserves were coming up. 
Geo. Keyes had, in person, driven back a mile 
« two and urged them forward. Casey's divi- 
iioo, headed by that venerable officer, who has 



so long and faithfully served his country, reached 
the plateau to the rear of headquarters. Couch's 
division also appeared. Now, too, tho artillery 
and cavalry held in reserve drew near to the 
scene of action, and prepared for an immediate 
engagement Several additional batteries were 
sent forward. Ayres was throwing his screech- 
ing missiles far into the enemy's ranks, and Mott 
opened an ^^ infernal fire '' on the centre, while 
far on the right and left the din of our guns was 
incessant, the tumult of battle loud and furious. 
Yet messengers, their steeds 

** Bloody frith spturrlng, fiery-red with haste,** 

fiew to headquarters with the report that on our 
left the desperate enemy was again pressing us 
in, while from the right Hancock sent for reen- 
forcements without delay. The sombre clouds, 
dispensing theur copious waters upon the mar- 
shaled armies, were not darker than our pros- 
pects now appeared ; but the arrival of additional 
armies, their careful placing and strength, and 
the knowledge that the main body of our force 
could not be iar behind, insph-ed fif^sh confidence 
in our ranks. . The battle waged savagely. Men 
never fought more dogpedly. Death was never 
met with more of genuine heroisuL The vacan- 
cies in the lines were speedily filled, the enemy 
was met shot for shot and gun for gun. The 
army of the Potomac, long drilled, long in wait- 
ing, eager to avenge the slaughter and repulse at 
Budl Run and ftdl's Blufi", luiew no sudi word 
as fail. 

When the fi^ng was the most terrific, and the 
anxiety the most intense, there came finom the 
rear of our ranks a sound which seemed for the 
moment to subdue the roar even of the artillery. 
All eyes and ears were turned to discover its 
origin, which proved to be the approach of Gen. 
McClellan and staff. Throughout the day he 
had been momentarilv expected, and his oppor- 
tune coming was hailed with long and entiiusi- 
astic cheering. B^ment aft«r regiment, as he 
was quickly recognised, gave utterance to a wel- 
come of wmch Napoleon might have been proud. 
Arriving at headquarters, he — without dis- 
mounUi^ from his horse — held a brief consul- 
tation with Gen. Keyes, and approving his 
course, and especially his order for reenforce- 
ments to Gen. Hancock, joined him in a ride 
throughout our lines. His appearance was 
everywhere the signal for an outburst of the 
wildest applause. He wore a plain blue coat, 
and had his cap enveloped in a glazed covering. 
The rapidity of his ride to the field had well 
spattered him with mud, and the drenching rain 
had penetrated his every garment He, however, 
showed no signs of fatigue, and it was not until 
he had in person familiarized himself with the 
entire field, and by critical observation studied 
the exact position of the enemy, that he accepted 
the shelter of a room which had been reserved 
for him at headquarters. 

Thus matters stood at nightfall, when word 
came that Gen. Hancock had met Uie enemy in a 
bayonet charge and thoroughly routed him, 



BEBELLION BECORD, 1861 



taking possession of all the works on the right of 
our lines, and handsomely flanking the rebel 
forces on their left, a result Gen. Keyes had been 
hoping for since noon, and which he thought 
likely, as it proved, to greatly annoy and alwm 
the enemy. This masterly morement, crowned 
with such complete success, elated our troops, 
and was hailed at headquarters as a harbinger of 
early yictory. Words of warm congratulation 
were sent to the dashing Pennsylranian by the 
Commanding General, and the reinforcements, 
advanced by order of Gen. Keyes, soon reached 
the fortifications, placing the holding of them 
beyond aU question, and insuring the spirited 
Hancock a quiet night 

In the centre and to the left our troops rested 
on their arms. Wet, weary and hungry, with 
many depressing obstacles to overcome, they 
were nevertheless ready and even clamorous Iot 
on advance. Neither the darkness nor the damp- 
ness chilled their buoyant spirits, and in their 
eagerness to defend the old flag they quite forgot 
the risks and dangers of thmr bivouacs. Through- 
out the long night it required all the authority of 
the officers to keep them from dashing pell-mell 
into the enemy*s Unes, and everywhere discom- 
fiting him, at the point of the bayonet, after the 
thrilling example of Hancock. 

By K>ur oVlock in the afternoon the large 
bam adjacent to headquarters, which had been 
prepared for the reception of our wounded, began 
to be filled with the victims of the deperate con- 
flict, chiefly brought in from the right ana centre 
of our lines. Gen. Hooker's division being too 
far away. The arrangements of the rude hospital 
were tolerably good, and the surgeons worked 
actively and weU. By nine o*clock the wounds 
of upwards of one hundred sufferers had been 
carefully dressed, and after that hour few if any 
were brought in — the darkness, the storm, and 
condition of the fields and woods making it 
impracticable. I have ft^uently seen the torn 
victims of war, and witnessed with admiration 
heroic endurance, but never have I seen such 
patience under dreadful agony as that now dis- 
played by our bleeding volunteers. With barely 
an exception they stood their tortures without a 
murmur, and while undez^ing delicate and pain- 
ful amputations, give utterance to little if any 
complaint 

The wounds were mostly fixjm musketry, and 
spoke well for the accuracy of the enemy's fire. 
The suffering of the men was aggravated by the 
sorry condition of their clothes, which, on the 
straggling march and in the dripping woods, had 
become as wet as though soaked in the sea. It 
would seem to be proper that, besides surgical 
instruments and medicines, the hospitals should 
be provided with fresh clothing, that the poor 
fellows, wounded under such circumstances, may 
be made comfortable, rather than from necessity 
left in a condition which, even under ordinary 
circumstances, would be very unpleasant 

Of shell wounds there were several shocking 
cases. A man lost both legs, one had his arms 
broken like pipe-stems, and mother was scalped 



as by a tomahawk. Brave fellows who a few 
hours before had stood erect and strong; wen 
bent and exhausted, and as pale and haggard as 
though long in hospital. From hearts which it 
noon, or later, had beaten high and responstre 
to the dictates of a lively and courageous patriot- 
ism, the warm life-blood was rapidly oonng, and 
covered with a blanket or sheet many a oM bod j 
awaited the grave. Ah I how much of the Tain 
glory of war vanishes before the carnage of the 
battle-field ! How much of its stem and un- 
poetic reality is found in the hospital! Whit 
feithful messeng^^ of pain and death aca tbt 
shot and the sh^l ! 

During the day a number of prisoners had 
fallen into our hands, and some deserters had 
come to our lines. These were confined for the 
night in an outbuilding near to headquarters. 
Those who conversed with than found them 
mainly ignorant and disconsolate. All admitted 
the strength and excellence of our army, but 
none could give any good reason for the abandon- 
ment of Yorktown, which they concurred in pro- 
nouncing the best fortified place in Virginia. The 
prisoners were chiefly from North-Carolina^ and 
professed to have been in Yixginia but a few 
weeks. They were unable, or feiled, to give us 
much information of the position of the enemy at 
Williamsburgh. Indeed, during the day our gen- 
erals had attained no satisfactory intelligeooe, 
save from the ingenious contrabands, scores of 
whom hovered about headquarters, and imparted, 
in their curious way, all they could of the rebel 
movements. Gen. Keyes had fi^uent interriews 
with them, and it was l>y a comparison of their 
stories that he gained the knowledge of the coun- 
try to the right of the enemy's hues, wberebj 
Gen. Hancock was enabled to undertake the 
flanking movement and his brilliant charge, which 
turned the day in our fevor. Gen. Keyes re- 
marked that he had never been deceived by the 
contrabands, and I am convinced that they are 
generally truthful and well disposed, tJ^ough often 
too ignorant to inteUigently impart what they 
know. 

With the morning of Tuesday the sunshine 
came, and the air was clear and bracing. Though 
everything was wet and soppy, and uie mud al- 
most fathomless, all felt that if the fight had to 
be continued it would be under mudb better cir- 
cumstances than on the previous day. But the 
silence of the night had been generally interpret- 
ed to indicate the withdrawal of the enemy, and 
there was no surprise when a messenger from 
Gen. Hooker announced that all the forts on the 
left had been abandoned and were possessed by 
him, and when ftom Gen. Hancodc we learned 
that the foe was nowhere in sight 

The news created much discussion as to the 
plan of the enemy, if he had any, and all who had 
tarried at headquarters were out at an early hour 
eager for the developments of the day. I was 
amused to see the Count de Paris struggling 
through the mud to the corn-crib, bag in hand, 
to procure feed for his horse, and CoL A^tor giv- 
ing directions as to the grooming of his fine ani- 



DOCUMBNTa 



28 



nal, which had stood in the rain all night, while 
he wutolj denounced the adhesive character of 
the '^fiscied soil" 

Id the hospital the woanded were compara- 
tirely comfortable^ and I thought the occasion a 
good one to secure their names, but red tape 
would not permit it The doctors feared I would 
disturb the patientB, and so, by their own neglect 
md their interference with others, many an anxi- 
ous ptrent is kept in painful suspense, tremu- 
lousl J awaiting a report which, wheUier favorable 
or not, would at least be a source of relief to 
thouonds. 

At nine o'clock General McClellan and staff 
Mt heidquarters for the battle-field. It was my 
pririlcge to accompany the party. Going to the 
right, we soon reached the scene of Hancock's 
bnfe exploits, and examined the formidable 
voricg wluch had fallen into his hands, and the 
obstides he had so nobly overcome on the previ- 
ous aftemoon. The enemy had evidently thought 
him an easy prey, and a man with less resolution 
and delibente courage would have fallen back, at 
least until reenforoements came up ; but not so 
Geo. Hancock. Waiting until the rebel brigade 
Tith which he had been contesting the ground, 
inch by inch, left its shelter, and on the open 
fidd, a broad and beautiful expanse, undertook 
toadrance rapidly upon him, he had recourse to 
the bayonet, and led the splendid charge which 
oust forever be honorably associated with his 
name. It was a marvellous encounter, and our 
Ben speak highly of the bearing of the foe. The 
fidd was literally strewn with the dead and dy- 
i&e, and it is believed that the enem^ nowhere 
suffered so severely. His force is said to have 
consisted of North-Carolina, Geoigia, and Vir- 
poia troops. 

Already our troops had begun the solemn work 
of burying the rebel dead on the right The 
bodies had, many of them, been gathered from 
the field, and conveyed to different points where 
pits had been dug for their reception. I halted 
at several of Ukese to look at the mangled remainsL 
Death had found the unfortunate victims in vari- 
ous attitudes. One was in the act of raising his 
gun to fire, and had stiffened in the same position 
—another was opening his cartridge-box and 
had died in the attempt — a third was evidently 
Ktreatmg, and had fiUlen with his back to our 
sdrance — a fourth clasped his hands to his pistol 
end so received the fiatal shot The wounds were 
^ more angular and repulsive than I had 
otrticed in our hospital Several were shot in the 
mouth, some through the face. By the bursting 
of a shell, one had his head blown of^ another 
M his hack fairiy broken, and still another had 
bis heart torn to pieces. Already the bUckness 
of corruption darkened many of the fiices, and it 
seemed imperativelv necessary that the bodies 
should be put under the earth as speedily as 
possible; 

The bams, fences, and trees near the battle- 
field were sadly injured, and even the brute crea- 
tioii had suffered in the conflict, for at one point 
1 saw the remains of a yoimg colt which had been 



killed by a round shot Here and there pools of 
clotted blood showed where the dead and dying 
soldiers had lain, and the bodies of a number re- 
mained as they had fallen. Ever and anon a 
musket, a coat, a sword on the ground, indicated 
the hasty withdrawal of its owner, and his deter- 
mination to'suffer no impediment in his flight 

The wheat, which had grown to the height of 
a foot in most of, the fields where the severest 
fighting took place, was of course sadly trampled, 
and it is doubtful whether the liberal infusion of 
human blood which the earth received will be 
su£Bcient to restore the crop to a vigorous growth. 
As there was no rebel cavalry or artillery engaged 
at this part of the field, few dead horses were to 
be seen. Here and there one, probably the prop 
erty of a colonel or a major, was stretched m 
death, or lingering in a miserable existence, from 
which it were a kindness to relieve it by a well- 
directed shot. 

The forts on the right, taking Fort Page as the 
centre-piece of the works, were shrewdly located 
and admirably built, but poorly defended. One 
or more of them had not been used to any extent 
Rifle-pits were abundant, and are more popular 
with the rebel engineers than with ours. They 
were, however, considerably exposed and used to 
little purpose. The forts were not unlike those 
of our construction near Washington, and were, 
as we learned from the contrabands and prison- 
ers, built, like those at Yorktown, by the negroes, 
under the superintendence of overseers, some of 
whom, according to the contrabands, were cruet 
task-mastera Mention was made of one, who 
continually lashed the poor blacks, repeating a 
hundred times a day: '*Not a spadeful of earth 
shall be wasted.'* Most of the contrabands have 
worked upon the fortifications, and one cause of 
their rejoicing at the arrival of our army is, that 
they will no longer, in all probability, have to 
labor so severely, and in a line for which they are 
not especially fitted and certainly have no taste. 

Passing on to the centre fort, called Fort Page, 
we found it occupied by NeaVs (late Birney*s) 
Twenty-third Pennsylvania regiment, which, hav- 
ing come up in the night, with Graham's brigade, 
of Casey's division, as a reserve to Gen. Hancock, 
had early scoured the field. 

The great fort was much damaged by our artil- 
lery fire. Only a siege-gun remained in it Sev- 
eral broken caissons and some ammunition had 
been left The trees around were many of them 
splintered by our shells, and the barracks on the 
Williamsburgh side were more or less shattered. 
Our men were exploring them, finding bacon, 
flour, and hominy, garments, muskets, and filth. 
The barracks, like all on the road from Yorktown, 
were better built and altogether more substantial 
than those occupied by our troops during the 
winter. Indeed, they were quite commodious 
and comfortable houses. 

A drive to the left afforded an opportunity to 
examine the ground upon which Hooker had 
made his desperate stand, and performed, if not 
so brilliant, as heroic service as Hancock. At one 
o'clock in ihe morning the eagle-eyed Gen. Jame- 



24 



REBELLION RECORD, 1862. 



son, wbo9e brigade of Kearney^s division had 
come to Hooker's support, had discovered the 
enemy's departure, and placed his men in the 
abandoned forts. These works were of the same 
character as those on the right, fitted for four, 
six to ten guns each. They had been occupied 
by light artillery, which, as from the others, had 
been removed, I believe the siege-gun found in 
Port Page the only one of that character used by 
the enemy during the day. 

Where Hooker had fought the signs of slaugh- 
ter were abundant. Though many of the bodies 
had been buried, there were enough yet exposed 
to show the terrible effect of his shot Bramhall's 
horses were thickly scattered over the ground, a 
certificate to his precarious position. That he 
managed to escape with his life is a wonder of 
the day. Here, too, we saw where Massachusetts 
and New-Hampshire men and the Sickles brigade 
Had met the enemy, and where the Jerseymen, 
under the younger Patterson, had proven worthy 
their fathers of Monmouth and Trenton. The 
acres of felled and tangled trees had greatly im- 
peded our progress, and held many of our brave 
fellows under the enemy's galling fire. This was 
by &r the best defended portion of his lines, and 
would probably have been held much longer but 
for Hancock's coup de maXtre, 

All over the battle-field our inquisitive troops 
were exploring the enemy's defences — ^now exam- 
ining the forts, now measuring the rifle-pits, and 
anbn surveying the stockades and parallels. 
Many and original were the criticisms passed 
upon the enemy's manceuvres. An Irish soldier 
thought the rebels would never foreet the Sickles 
brigade. A Dutchman, smoking his long pipe, 
wondered if Jeff Davis expected to escape the 
halter after such vast and bold preparations for 
resisting the Government A brawny Yankee, 
with his arm in a sling, said the ^* mudsills and 
greasy mechanics" had been heard from, and 
would be agam. The sentiments expressed, 
touching the vanquished, were generally more in 
pity than in anger, and the wounded rebels left 
on the field received only the kindest treatment 

From the main range of forts, which must be 
about a mile fh>m Williamsburgh, that old town 
could be plainly seen. An open but desolate 
field extended to its leading street, and was in 
continuation of a road leading from Fort Page. 
Jameson's brigade, leaving at daylight, entered 
and earrisoned the city; Gen. McCIellan and 
staff determined to advance and inspect it Fear- 
. ing the planting of torpedoes in the road, as at 
Yorktown, they proceeded aci'oss the field, pass- 
ing an earthwork near to the city, and several 
rebel cabins, from which the groans of wounded 
men, who had crawled there from the bloody 
field, wore painfully audible. 

The most conspicuous building in the city, the 
State Lunatic Asylum, displayed hospital fiags 
from its tall towers, which are modelled after 
those of the Abbey of Westminster, and towered 
loftily among the low white dwellings surround- 
ing them. 



It was about eleven o'clock when the General 
and his staff, with their cavalry escort, and Goi. 
Heintzelman and his body-guard, entered the 
main street of the ancient city of Williamsburgh. 
Few white persons were to be seen, save those in 
the uniform of our army. White flags were 
hoisted on man^ of the houses, and the yellow 
bunting freely displayed, indicating what wo soon 
found to be the fkct, that the city was filled with 
the enemy's dead, wounded, and sick. The shops 
and stores were, with scarcely an exception, 
closed, and seemed to have been abandoned for 
some length of time. On several of them were 
notices to the effect that they had been closed for 
want of goods, probably a correct announcement 

The condition of the streets was such as to 
defjT description. Generally lower than the side- 
walks, they had been the receptacle of the flood 
of the previous night, which, with the hasty 
movement of the retreating army, with its artil- 
lery and stores, had made mem almost impassa- 
bla Prairie roads in spring were never worse. 
Our horses floundered about as though in an ex- 
tended quagmire, and the mud flew in every di- 
rection. For much of the way, even in the best 
street, we were obliged to drive upon the side- 
walks, and their condition was far from inviting. 

Negroes of every shade and size gazed at as 
from the streets and yards, and caref^y watched 
our advent There was much bowing and scrap- 
ing on the part of the dusky spectators, and an 
evident relief at our occupation of the town. I 
entered into conversation with several of the in- 
telligent, and found their knowledge of the war 
and its causes very dear and complete, while their 
confidence in our purpose to do them no harm 
was constantly manifested. One yellow fellow 
assured me that he waved a white flag from the 
window of his cabin a long time, hoping it would 
induce us to hasten on. He claimed to have told 
the frightened rebels the night before that he 
hoped the Yankees would come, as he had been 
too badly used by his master and was sure of 
good treatment from the Northern people When 
I suggested to him that many of his folks thought 
freedom preferable to bondage, he repUed that 
^* nobody liked to be a slave." He said that need- 
ing money and fearing the effects of the war, his 
master had taken him and two of his brothers 
South to sell That the brothers had been dis- 
posed of, but he, probably owing to a defect in 
his eyes, found no market, a result with which he 
was evidently gratified. He asked many ques- 
tions about the North and the means of getting 
there, and when I afterward looked for him to 
make me a hoe-cake he could not be found. I 
doubt not that, like hundreds of his companions, 
he has started for a taste of the free air and inde- 
pendence to which he has so long eagerly looked 
forward 

By carefully comparing the various reports, I 
concluded that the enemy's forces evacuated the 
forts at midnight and Williamsburgh at daylight, 
and that they numbered from &irty to forty 
thousand. The Generals in command during (he 



DOGUHENT& 



25 



dfty were Longstreet, the former Methodist 
preacher, and £ftrlj, who led the brigade which 
was so decisiTelj repulsed by Hancock. 

The notorious Joe Johnston reached the field 
in the afternoon, but it does not appear that he 
ifisomed any important part in the conduct of 
aflkirs, and his retreat must have been hurried, 
for he left his personal baggage and papers in the 
city. Several of the shells from our rifle cannon 
entered the eastern end of the city, and the in- 
habitants were much scared throughout the day. 
Some ladies with whom I conversed had not yet 
recovered from their alarm, and were quite too 
nervous to talk with composure. They were dis- 
posed to treat our army with respect — ^refused to 
accept pay for such simple refreshments as they 
were able to proyide, and opened their houses for 
our officers, but had nothing to say in favor of 
&e old Government or the old flag. Only the 
negroes uttered sentiments of loyalty. 

I found it quite impossible to correctly estimate 
the enemy s loss. Some five or six hundred, per- 
haps more, of his wounded were left at Williams- 
bwgh, while it is reasonable to presume that 
many not so severely injured made good their 
escape The dead found upon the field and in 
the hospitals will probably reach five hundred. 
We have several hundred prisoners. Our own 
kss, killed, wounded, and missing, will, I think, 
be less than a thousand, and principally from the 
regiments engaged on our left. Hancock lost in 
ill but twenty-five or thirty killed and fifty 
vounded, a very small number in view of his po- 
sition and success, while he took a number of 
priM>ners. Our own loss in prisoners is light 
All the wounded were left in Williamsburgh by 
the flying enemy, and of course fell into our 
htodsj much to their joy. 

Gen. McClellan and staff drove directly through 
the city to the collie building, from the roof of 
which the Stars and Stripes caught the breeze, 
>nd our signal corps had already established a 
station communicating with the several divisions 
of the army. Entering the edifice, which is of 
brick and somewhat imposing, though less so 
than the structure burned some years since, i( 
visit was made to the several rooms, in all of 
which were more or less of the rebel wounded, 
sbaodoned by their fleeing brethren. General 
McClellan had a kind word for each, and a smile 
which carried consolation to the pale sufferers, 
Bust of whom had not yet received the slightest 
fioigical attention. To the various inquiries he 
replied so pleasantly, so promptly, and with so 
moch apparent feeling, that we might have thought 
him an (rfd and intimate friend and companion. 

Few of the wounded recognised him, and when 
afterward told who had so generously cheered and 
comforted them, they were greatly surprised. It 
had not occurred to them that a victorious M%jor> 
General would stoop to tenderly inquire into their 
casualties and provide for their relief. 

At noon a dozen confederate surgeons reached 
the city under a flag of truce, and were given 
permission to visit their wounded in the several 
hospitals. Our own surgeons had many of them 



already engaged in the humane work and were 
alleviating the distress as far as in their power. 1 
went into several of the buildings — all the church- 
es are hospitals — but only to find them as slovenly 
as the college. In conversation with the wounded 
I ascertained that they were from all the rebel 
States, the majority, I think, from the extreme 
South. The only Virginia regiment which seemed 
to have been much cut up was the Twenty -fourth. 

r cannot forget my first observations in the 
hospitals. Such sights I never before witnessed, 
and pray I never may again. Hurried from the 
battle-field and thrown together in the most reck- 
less manner, the sufferers were just as they had 
fallen. Neither washed nor dressed, with the 
blood of then: ghastly wounds drying upon them ; 
without refreshment or consolation, they present- 
ed a picture of woe rarely equalled. Here and 
there the stiff bodies of those who had died in 
the night were lying in utter neglect In one 
room I counted a half-dozen such. The floors 
and cots were red with blood. Many of the 
sufferers were speechless, and some of the bounds 
worse than any I had seen on the battle-field 
One poor fellow, whose skull was crushed, had 
slipped from his cot out on the floor, and was dying 
in dreadful agony. The clothes of all were wet 
from the drenchmg storm of Monday, and their 
plight was melancholy beyond relation. Those 
who were able to speak begged for surgical at- 
tendance and for food, and a hundred times I was 
asked to dress their wounds. 

They acknowledged that our troops fought 
splendidly. Several said they had never known 
such fighting. One told me he thought General 
McClellan^s army the best in the world. When 
I expressed my regret that they had been wound- 
ed in a bad cause, they usually made no reply, 
or said that they had been forced into the service. 
Many repudiated the idea of our success, and 
bore their pains with striking composure. A 
man with three ugly wounds smoked his pipe 
and appeared as happy as a lark. But not a few 
owned the desperation of their cause. One hand- 
some boy, covered with wounds, remarked that 
we would soon have the whole Southern army in 
our hands, and I thought rather liked the idea. 

I observed that not a few of the wounded— and 
the same is true of the prisoners — were men ad- 
vanced in years. There are more of such in the 
rebel army than in ours, doubtless the result of 
the inexorable system of drafting. I talked with 
several grey-haired men who were wounded and 
exceedingly forlorm. They were inclined to reti- 
cence, but intimated a thorough disgust with the 
fortunes of war. One of the number had been 
shot through the tongue, and presented a most 
revolting spectacle. The blood streamed from 
his mouth, while from some cause or other his 
cheeks and eyes were swollen in an extraordinary 
manner, and the latter were blackened as though 
he had been in a prize-fight His nearest friends 
would have difficulty in recognising him, and I 
am sure that he will nevor again enter the army, 
even though he should quite recover from lua 
frightful wound 



26 



REBELLION REOORD, 1862. 



In an upper room of the college our wounded 
of the Excelsior brigade were found. The ene- 
my had not time to «arry them off, and very for- 
tunately, for the journey to Richmond must have 
proved painful, if not fatal, to many. Colonel 
bwight, of the Fhrst regiment, was stretched 
upon a cot in the centre of the room. His wound 
in the leg had been partially dressed, but he was 
by no means comfortable. In response to the 
Grenerars commendation of his conduct on'the 
field, he stated that he would not have given up, 
but for the severity of his wound, and that the 
approbation of his commanding officer more than 
compensated for his suffering. By the order of 
the General he was at once removed to a private 
house near at hand, and attended by a skilftil 
surgeon. 

The appearance of the college hospital was not 
at all creditable to its rebel keepers. The floors, 
the stairs, the walls, and even the windows, were 
covered with filth, and we had only to open the 
pantries, or stroll in the yards, to detect as many 
distinct and well-defined stenches as Coleridge 
counted in the dirty streets of Cologne. Medical 
stores and -implements, firagments of furniture 
and clothing, broken crockery, cooking utensils, 
and kindred rubbish, was strewn all over the 
building, while the grounds, heretofore so pictu- 
resque and well-protected, which for their his- 
toric associations, if for nothing more, should 
have been jealously guarded, were a complete 
waste. The fences prostrate, the stone gate-posts 
overturned, the sod and trees destroyed, and even 
the marble statue of Baron de Botetourt disfigured 
and begrimed with mud. 

The houses lately occupied by the professors, 
and situated on either side of the college build- 
ing, had been used by rebel officers, and profit- 
ing by their example, Gen. Jameson, now made 
Ifilitary Governor of the place, had made one of 
them his headquarters. The General was highly 
complimented by the Commander for his prompt 
detection of the enemy's retreat and his early 
movement into the city. The Ninety-third and 
One Hundred and Fifth Pennsylvania regiments 
were placed upon patrol duty. Every house in 
the city was promptly guarded, and there was 
soon an air of order and quiet in the streets which 
must have satisfied the people that the stories of 
the plundering and rioting of our army were but 
foul aspersions. Victors were never more chari- 
table and forbearing. 

After looking well about the town. Gen. Mc- 
Clellan, having chosen for his quarters a large 
brick house on the main street, said to have been 
recently occupied by General Johnston, he there 
established his staff, and himself returned with 
one or two aids to the battle-field. 

Graham's brigade and others soon arrived, and 
before evening thousands of Federal troops were 
encamped in and about the city, while a recon- 
noissance as far as the Chickahominy Creek, 
some eight miles beyond Williamsburgh, made by 
the energetic Averill, discovered no signs of the 
enemy but an abandoned magazine or two, several 
guns, many muskets and some straggling soldiers, 



who were only too glad to give themselves up 
and return to the city which their companions 
had so summarily left Mack. 

nOHMOND •* DISPATCH** ACOOUMf. 

Bicmoni, May & 

An offidal despatch was yesterday morning 
received at the War Departmentgiving inteUi- 
gence of a severe engagement near Williamsbuigb, 
on Monday, in which the enemy were repulsed 
with a heavy loss in killed and wounded. They 
also lost twelve pieces of artillery and nine hun- 
dred prisoners. The fight lasted from seven 
o'clock to eleven o'clock a.ii. 

The troops engaged on our side consisted of t 
portion of the division of Major-General Long- 
street. 

An official letter fi*om Gen. Johnston states 
that ^* a handsome afiair" took place at Williams- 
buigh on Monday. The enemy attacked our rear- 
guard in great force, and were driven back to the 
woods about a mile. 

Our latest information is complete upon the 
main points of the result of the engagement 
Our loss in killed and wounded was two hundred 
and twenty. The Federal prisoners captured by 
our forces numbered six hundred and twenty- 
three, and the number of field-pieces eleven. The 
extent of their casualties is not correctly known, 
but it is believed that their loss amounts to up- 
ward of a thousand in killed and wounded. They 
numbered six thousand strong, and were deployed 
in a skirt of wood opposite our position, from 
which they were driven, sul^ected to a disastrous 
fire fix>m the right, left and mnt The prisoners 
taken were yesterday on their way to this city, 
and were expected to reach here last night They 
were but a few miles from the city late in the 
afternoon. They were marched by land under 
guard. 

Amons others killed or wounded we have the 
names of the following officers : Rilled — Colonel 
Ward, of the Fourth Florida regiment; Major 
William H. Palmer, of the First Virginia regi- 
ment, (and son of Mr. Wm. Palmer, of this city,) 
and Capt Jack Humphreys, of the Seventeenth 
Virginia regiment Wounded — CoL Corse, of the 
Seventeenth Virginia regiment ; CoL Kemper, of 
the Seventh Virginia regiment, and CoL Garland, 
of Lynchburgh, severely. 

Another heavy battle took place yesterday near 
Barhamsville, in the county of New-Kent, but 
with what result was not known, as the courier 
who brought the intelligence to this city left at 
twelve 0* clock. The enemy landed their forces 
from gunboats (twenty-four in number) at or near 
West-Point 

The number engaged on either side is not 
known, but that of the enemy was supposed to 
be very large. A general engagement of the two 
armies is expected. The loss on both sides in 
the fight of yesterday was very heavy, ours be- 
lieved to be not less than one thousand up to 
twelve o'clock. The enemy had up to that hour 
been driven back three times to within range of 
their gunboats. 



POCUMSKTS. 



27 



LATER. 

At a Ute hour last night we learned some fur- 
ther particolars of the fight on Monday. 

Gen. Early is mortally wounded. 

Gen. Anderson, of North-Carolina, we heliere, 
killed 

CoL llotL of Mississippi, killed. 

Gen. Raines, slightly wounded. 

Capt Echols, of Lynchhurgh, slightly wounded. 

Capt Irwin, of Scales's North-Carolina regi- 
ment, wounded. 

The First Yiiginia regiment was badly cut up. 
Oat of two hun(&ed men in the fight, some eighty 
or ninety are reported killed or wounded. 

Colonel Kemper's regiment suffered terribly, 
though we hare no account of the extent of the 
casQ^ties. 

We learn that Gen. Magruder has been for sev- 
enl days quite sick at Westorer, on James River. 

The enemy had not occupied Jamestown at six 
o*clock on Tuesday evenine, but were in large 
force ft Grove wharf and Kmg*s milL They are 
also understood to be landing forces at West- 
Point 

The Yirgixua (No. 2) was jessed on James Riv- 
er yesterday, and will be at Richmond to-day. 

We have conflicting reports of the fight at Bar- 
hamsville yesterday, and prefer to wait for an 
official statement before giving publicity toTu- 



DoG. 8. 



BATTLE OP SOMBRVILLB HEIGHTS, VA. 

fOnOHT MAT 7, ISM. 
BXPOST OV OOLONKL F08TER. 

HaABQOABms 19ni Isd. Bm*?, ) 

GOLVlfBIAS BUDOS, M«j 8. ) 

Brigadier- ChneralJ. C. Sullivan^ Commandinff 
Foree$ at GoluniHan Bridge, Virginia : 
S» : In obedience to your orders, I beg leave 
to transmit to you the following report of the af- 
&ir in which the Thirteenth Indiana regiment 
was engaged, near Somervilie, yesterday, May 
leventh. 

The enemy having attacked and driven in our 
oater ptcketa, you ordered me to take six compa- 
nies or the Thirteenth, holding the other four in re- 
serre under Capt Wilson, and meet and engage the 
enemy, and if possible drive him from his posi- 
tion, and if I found him in any considerable force 
to report the hci to you immediately. 

I accordingly took companies A, B, F, G, H, 
and K, and proceeded beyond Honeyville about 
two and a half miles, where I found the enemy's 
adTance-guard, posted on a hill. I immediately 
deployed companies A, B, and F on each side of 
the road, taking companies G, H, and K, and 
going up the road directly in their fi-ont We 
found the enemy's force, or advance-guard, to 
consist of two companies of cavalry and two com- 
panies of infantry, with one piece of artillery, 
which I afterward learned to be under command 
of Major Wheat of the Louisiana battalioa We 
drove him from this position, and continued to 
drive him through Somervilie to Dogtown, under 



a heavy fire from our skirmishers, killing two of 
the enemy's cavalry and capturing a carbine and 
sabre. 

At Somervilie I posted companies A, F, G, H, 
and K on the heights on the left of the road, and 
taking companies B and I, pushed on to the burn- 
ed bridge about two miles up the road, to the 
right of and distant about two and a half miles 
from Dogtown. Here I rested my men about 
half an hour, when Captain Cogger, Co. B, First 
Vermont cavalry, came up and reported himself 
to me. I told him that it was our intention to 
attack the eneipy at daylight, consequently it was 
not our policy to pursue the enemy any further 
at that time, and ordered him not to follow the 
enemy, but to bring up the rear and follow me 
back to camp. I withdrew all my skirmishers, 
and started back to camp. Stopping at Somer- 
vilie I called in the companies that were posted 
on the heights, and proceeded about one mile, 
when I halted to await the cavalry, which I sup- 
posed to be directly in my rear. Up to this timt 
not one single casualty had occurred on our sidei 

Here I received your desnatch per courier '* not 
to pursue the enemy; to oeware of a surprise," 
and immediately after I received your despatch, 
I received one from the cavalry, ^ We are sur- 
rounded—come to our assistance.** On inquiring 
of the messenger I learned that the Captain of the 
cavalry, in direct violation of my orders, instead 
of following in my rear, had gone some four miles 
up the river, and encountered tlie reserve of the 
enemy, and was surrounded. I caused my com- 
mand to *' about face," and hurried to their as- 
sistance. I at the same time ordered Captair. 
Wilson to bring up his reserve. We took posi- 
tion on the heights above the road, and to the left 
of Somervilie, with companies A, B, £, F, H, and 
K, Captain Wilson being immediately in the reai 
with the reserve. Here we engaged two regi 
ments of infantry, and three companies of cavalry, 
at a distance of one hundred yards, and drove 
their skirmishers back two or three hundred 
yards on to their main body, which we engaged 
for a half-hour under a most terrific fire from the 
enemy. Seeing him attempting with anothei 
regiment to turn our left flank, I ordered Captain 
Wilson to move with the reserve at "double- 
quick " to our left, which order he obeyed with 
promptness. Seeing the enemy were likely to 
reach there before he did, and seeing their supe- 
rior numbers, I ordered my men to fall back, 
which they did in good order, disputing ever^ 
inch of ground as they went. 

While we were enga^ng the enemy, the cav- 
alry escaped by swimramg the Shenandoah River. 

I find our loss in killed, wounded and missing 
to be 29, among ihem Sergeant-Major Vance. 

The enemy's loss in lulled and wounded is 
greater than ours, and mostly of the Seventh 
Louisiana, they being in close column, and direct- 
ly in our front 

Most all of our wounded were brought off the 
field, and some of our missing, I think, swam the 
river, and may yet report themselves. 

Too much praise cannot be awarded to the offl- 



28 



REBELUON REOORD, 1862. 



cers and men engaged, they having withstood a 
most terrific fire from not less than two regiments 
of infantry, together with cavalry, and bravely 
stood their ground until I ordered them to fall 
back, which they did in excellent order, fighting 
and disputing every inch of ground as they went. 

Our forces actually engaged were 180. All the 
prisoners taken by us were from the Seventh 
Louisiana regiment, all of whom have been re- 
ported to you. • 

Enclosed you will please find a list of the killed, 
wounded, and missing. 

I am respectfully your obedient servant, 
R. S. Foster, 
Golonel Commanding ThirtecDth IndiaxuL 

LIST OF CASUALTIES. 

The following is a list of the killed, wounded, 
and prisoners of the Thirteenth regiment, in the 
affair of the seventh, at Somerville Heights. 

Company A, Capt A. Newland. — Prisoners — 
Sergeant Theodore Longsdorfl^ prirates Andrew 
Hilton, Garrett Cullen, Wm. Quigley, Matthew 
Quigley, Henry Mayer, Henry Gilmore. 

Company B, Capt John M. Wilson. — Prison- 
ers — Corporals Wm. Starr, B. A. Famham, A. 
W. Greggs ; privates Eli Chichester, Zack CorelL 
Killed — Michael Ellsworth. Missing — Joseph 
Carthall, Hugh P. McCarthy, George Osgood, 
Nathaniel Rabe, J. Van Dom, Corporal Wul 
Wampler, wounded and missing. Killed — 
Michael Ream. Wounded — Michael Genser, 
in hip ; Jack Powell, in hand ; John Yohn, 
in leg. 

Company E, Captain Kirkpatrick. — Prisoners 
— Aaron Massman, Jaa Banks, Wm. Fromant 

Company H, Capt Clinton. — Private Peter 
Victor, wounded in leg. 

Company K, Capt Hunter. — Private Thomas 
J. Overman. William C. Fosteji, 

Afliistant-Surgeon. 

Doa 9. 
THE BATTLE OF WEST- POINT, VA. 

fOUOHT IfAT 7, 1802. 

Thb correspondent of the New-York Herald 

gives the following account of the battle : 

Bajc^ 1I0D» Poorr, wwa^ W»T-Poijrr, Va., ) 
May T, 18«l. f 

With my cycf; full of burnt powder and my 
enrs filled wtth the rinEring of musketry and the 
Borccf hing of bomb-sheTls, I i^it down to endeavor 
to gtve you an account of a f^ght that has raged 
here fsinco ten o'clock this morning, and which is 
still contLnaing^, aZthoug;h I just now heard the 
cry that the relic!« were retreating. 

The f]rsi of tliit^ divL^ion of the grand Army of 
the PotomAc arrived here yessiterday afternoon, 
undt^r cauimiirid of lien. Fritnklin, and by dark 
mftst of the troops were landed on a beautiful 
nlacil, which Is (^urroundc>d on three sides by 
oenii» woods and on the fourth by the river, on 
tlu> ioi]^ aide of ihn pMiiiunk^y River, and about 



half a mile southward from West-Point The 
reason why we landed here is obvious. Had we 
landed on the other side of the river — West- Point 
— ^where it was at first intended we should land, 
we should then have had a considerable stream 
of water "between us and the rebels, and would 
have had considerable trouble to reach them, as 
all the bridges have been destroyed. Our gun- 
boats have taken undisputed possession of the 
point, the rebels having disappeared at the ap- 
pearance of our forces, and the American flag of 
our Union now floats from one of the most promi- 
nent buildings in the village. I have yet to see a 
white man among the original inhabitants of this 
place. 

Immediately on the landing of our forces from 
the transports, pickets were thrown out to the 
edge of the surrounding wood, and our tents were 
pitched on the banks of the river, and up to that 
time not one of the chivalric sons of the sunny 
South had made his appearance, and our men 
became anxious to know why they had been 
brought to a country where there was no ^c. 
About dusk a part of the division of Gen. Sedg- 
wick, under the command of Gen. Dana, arriv^ 
in transports from Yorktown and remained in the 
centre of the river, while some of our light-draft 
gunboats took a trip up the rivers Pamunkey and 
Mataponey to capture a portion of the rebel mos- 
quito fleet, which were brought into use for car- 
rying our men from the transports to the shore, 
as the river here is too shallow for vessels draw- 
ing over six feet of water. 

During the night some of the rebel pickets 
made a sortie on one of our advanced videttes, 
and shot him through the heart The news soon 
spread through the camp, and by daylight this 
morning, the plain, which takes in about a thou- 
sand acres of ground, running south-west from 
the York River, presented a scene such as I have 
never before witnessed. Long lines of men ex- 
tended from left to right across the centre of the 
field, and squads of skirmishers stood marking, 
in dim outline, their forms against the heavy 
woods and underbrush which presents an un- 
broken front to us on every side, except that 
bounded by the river. Here the men stood for 
some time, ready to march at a moments notice ; 
but no foe appeared, and the men were permitted 
to return to their camps for the purpose of getting 
their breakfast, and, perhaps, some sleep. A 
strong picket, composed of the New-York Thirty- 
second, Ninety-fifth and Ninety-sixth Pennsyl- 
vania troops, were left at the edges of the woods 
to keep a sharp lookout for the enemy, who were 
now believed to he in close proximity to our 
lines. 

About this lime, one of our gunboats discov- 
ered a regiment or two of the enemy on the west 
side of the river, who dispersed in great confusion 
after having received some half-dozen of our 
heavv shells in their midst This was communi- 
catea to Gen. Slocum, who immediately made 
strenuous efibrts to get the brigade of Gen. Dana 
on shore, that we might be able to give the enemy 
a warm reception should he make Ms appearanceu 



"> 



])0CITHSNT& 



29 



Gen. Dana was indefatigable in his labors to get 
the troops off the transports, and through his ex- 
ertions most of the men and horses were off the 
boats by nine oVlock, and preparations were 
b«ng made to breakfast the men of this brigade, 
when the order was given for the Sixteenth, 
Thirty-first, and Thirty-second New-York, and 
the J^nety-fifth and Ninety-sixth Pennsylvania 
regiments to advance into the woods and drive 
off some of the rebel scouts who were firing occa- 
sional shots at our pickets, supposed to he sup- 
ported by a force concealed in the woods. This 
proved correct, for no sooner had our men made 
an advance into the woods than they were re- 
ceived with a volley of musketry from the rebels, 
vho were hidden in the dense undergrowth. 
Our men pressed on and gave them a volley, 
after which the enemy retreated further into the 
woods, with the Thirty-second New- York close at 
their heels ; but they were too swift-footed for 
our boys — ^being more protected — and they soon 
left the Thirty-second struggling in the mud. 

"While this scene had been going on on the 
right centre, another was transpiring on the cen- 
tre where the Ninety -fifth Pennsylvania had 
•otered the woods. In a few moments after they 
entered they found themselves in a dense swamp, 
and, in their struggles to get across, became 
separated fix>m each other. One of the com- 
panies managed to get to the other side, and was 
dimbing the bank on the opposite side when they 
descried a party of soldiers lying in ambush. 
**Who comes there?" cried the party in am- 
bush. "Friends," was the answer. "What 
arc you?" was the next interrogation. "A 
company of the Ninety -fifth Pennsylvania." No 
sooner was this answer returned than the party, 
whom the captain had mistaken for some of his 
own r^ment, opened a terrible fire upon our 
men, who returned the fire and then returned to 
om- reserves. In this affair Cspt Beates, of com- 
pany B, was shot through the shoulder, but not 
dangerously wounded, and one or two privates, 
whose names I am as yet unable to learn, were 
killed, and carried off the field by their fi-iends, 
who, before they quit the ground, revenged the 
&ill of their brave comrades by giving the enemy 
a few well-directed volleys. 

But now the action became more general 
throughout the lines, and from every quarter of 
the woods came the sharp crack of musketry. I 
tried for a time to be ubiquitous, but after travel- 
ling from one point to another some fifty times, 
for the purpose of seeing how matters were going,, 
I took my stand on the right, and calmly awaited 
the coming events. The sharp reports came 
nearer and nearer, and at length a ball lodged in 
a tree at my side. I was about to move from my 
dangerous quarters, when my attention was at- 
tracted to that portion of the woods where the 
Thirty-first and Thirty-second New-York State 
militia had entered. Four men were carrying 
the body of a man, which, upon inquiry, I under- 
stood to be that of Capt Young, of company G, 
of the Thirty-second regiment, who was shot in 
the throat and died instantly. The fight had 



now been going on for three hours here without 
intermission, and a number of men were killed 
and wounded. At this juncture our men were 
withdrawn from the wood, where they were evi- 
dently getting the worst of it, and the Second 
United states artillery, under Capt Arnold, was 
ordered into position on the right, and Capt Por- 
ter's First Massachusetts battery took up a posi- 
tion upon the left, and in a few minutes the shell 
were flying through the air at the rate of about 
ten a minute. This soon compelled the rebels to 
make a move more on our left, where the shells 
flew less thick than upon the ground they were 
then occupying. But there evidently is no rest 
for the wicked: for no sooner had the rebels 
moved their forces upon our left, than our gun- 
boats, which up to that time had been unable to 
have a hand, in the affair, opened their batteries 
upon the foe with so much effect that, when I 
commenced to write, they had completely driven 
the enemy out of sight and bearing. I am in- 
clined to think that this move upon our left was 
an expensive one to the rebels, who, ere this 
reaches the readers of the Herald^ will have 
learned that near our gunboats is not one of the 
safest places that can be found. As soon as the 
guns of Capt Porter commenced to fire among 
them, accompanied by those from the river, the 
rebels undertook to move one of their batteries 
which they had got into position. The New-Jer- 
sey regiment received orders to charge upon this 
battery, and at it thev went, with cheers that 
made the very forests ring ; but the rebels were 
again too fleet-footed. Before the Jersey boys 
got through the woods, the enemy had made tall 
travelling, and got out of sight in the woods. 

Everybody has done well, and the troops have 
acted nobly. They have been under arms all 
day thus iar, and standing in the broiling sun 
without anything whatever to eat, except that 
which they may have had in their haversacks. I 
have yet to hear a word of complaint from any 
quarter. The idea of having an opportunity to 
have a fight with the rebels seems to have ab- 
sorbed all their other faculties. 

More troops are cofTstantly arriving, and just 
now Capt Saunders's company of Massachusetts 
sharp-shooters pass by me on their road to the 
firont These are the men who are able to teach 
the rebels that two parties can lie concealed in 
the woods. 

The artillery has now ceased firing, and I hear 
nothing except the occasional discharge of a 
musket ; it seems to be fiir off towards Williams- 
burgh. I think we have got into their rear, and 
if we have, we intend halting them for a few 
hours until General McClellan can come up to 
carry them back to their deserted quarters at 
Yorktown. 

At the close of the action in the afternoon the 
Fifth Maine re^;iment won encomiums from all 
the staff for their bravery in headix^ an advanoo 
into the woods upon the left 

The gunboats are still throwing shell into the 
woods, to keep the enemy from erecting batte- 
ries. We expect to have an attack or make an 



80 



REBELLION BECORD, 1862. 



advance to-night We have no fear of the result 
The rebel army now in firont of us, I have iust 
learned, is under the command of Gen. Robert 
Lee. 

Qen. Franklin has just sent a despatch to Gen. 
McClellan announcing the battle of ta4ay. 

The Killed and Wounded. — First Lieut Fred- 
erick Ftoss, Go. F, Thirty-first New-York, killed. 
William Linser, Ca F, Thirty-flrst New- York, 
(private,) killed. Lieut Baboock, Go. D, Thirty- 
first New-Yoric, mortally wounded. Minor Wig^ 
pns, (private,) severely wounded. Abraham Da- 
vis, (private,) Thirty - second New-York, ball 
through waist £. Ghasser, (private,) Ga Q, 
Thirty-second New-York, wounded. Wm. Um- 
phries, (private,) Go. H, Thirty-second New-York, 
flesh wound. Edwin Gomp, (private,) Go. I, 
Thirty-second New- York, flesh wound. Joseph 
Hepstine, Ofirivate,) Go. F, Thirty-first New-York, 
flesh wound. 

Known to be Dead. — Gapt Young, Go. D, 
Thirty-second New-York. Gapt S. H. Brown, 
Go. G, Thirty:«eooDdNew-YoriL Lieut Wallace, 
Ga G, Thirty-second New-York. Lieut Pross, 
Go. F, Thirty-first New-York. Private Ghristian 
Hower, Go. B, Thirty-first New-York. Private 
William Linsener, Go. F, Thirty-first New-York. 
Private Philip Strells, Go. F, Thirty-first New- 
York. Private Henry Urimclaserman, Go. F, 
Thirty -first New-York. Private John J. M. 
McGleman, Ninety-fifth Pennsylvania. Private 
G. Lebuy, Go. J, Sixteenth New-York. 

Wounded.— Gapt J. H. Boltis, Ninety -fifth 
Pennsylvania; Sergt P. S. Devitt, Thirty-first 
New-York ; Privates Patrick Kcdly, Thirty-second 
New- York, Thcmias Alterdys, Thurty-second New- 
York ; £. B. Mulligan, Ninety-fifth Pennsylvania ; 
J. A. Slocum, Thirty-second New-York; Pat 
Kildemay, Thirty-second New- York; M. O'Don- 
nell, Thirty-second New-York ; Oliver Wells, 
Sixteenth New-York ; J. M. Smart, Thirty-second 
New- York; Richard Macnelly, Thirty - second 
New-York; John Stevens, First New-York ar 
tilicnry ; A. F. Sawyer, Thirty-second New- York ; 
G. Hagan, Thirty -second New -York; G. W. 
Smith, Thirty-second New-York ; W. Robinson, 
George Gupping, Thirty-first New- York ; James 
A. Day, Fiflli Maine ; Etheridge, Thirty- 
second New- York; Jacob Walen, Thir^- first 
New-York ; Lancert Parker, Fifth Maine ; Freman 
Waymoth, Sixteenth New -York; F. Detra, 
Thirty-first New-York; A. Garlton, Thirty-second 
New- York; W.G. Sweeney, Thirty-second New- 
York; G. Gumrin, Thirty-second New-York; 
William Luisener, Thirty -second New -York; 
H. M. Hehns, Sixteenth New-York; L. Parrin, 
Sixteenth New -York; G. Thockeray, Ninety- 
. fifth Pennsylvania; L. Alpheus Mase, Fifth 
Maine; Henry Bennett, Thirty -second New- 
York; Hill, Thirty-second New -York; 

Gapt N. Martin Gurtis, Sixteenth New- York; 
Privates Thomas Ghilton, Sixteenth New-York ; 
J. Mott Smith, Thirty-second New-York ; Thos. 
S. Murismon, Thirty -second New- York ; -Wm. 
*»""' Thirty -second New -York: 0. Wilson, 
fifth Pennsylvania ; John Wilson, Ninety. 



fifth Pennsylvania; Lieut J. Twaddle, Thirtr- 
second New -York; Privates Joseph Taulh, 
Thirty-first New-York; Gharles Allen, Thirty- 
second New-York ; Minor Hicken, Thirty-soooDd 
New-York; Olmon Davis, Thirty -second New- 
York; Gharles Ghatteman, Thirty-second New- 
York; H. Ghoper, Thirty - second New -York; 
W. Humphries, Thirty-second New-Yoik ; Sergt 
E. Gamp, Thirty -second New -York; Priute 
John Hepstine, Thirty-first New-York. 

ANOTHEE AOCX^CNT. 

GiJip NiWTOH, WMr-PooT, VL, Vagt 
I sit down under the shade of a tree to write 
some little account of the ** second Shiloh"to 
which the rebels invited us. Precisely who wis 
beaten at the first Shiloh I have never leirned; 
but of how the little attempt at a repetition yes- 
terday came out, I think I understand perfectly. 
First, then, of the location of the camp at West- 
Point 

A large open field, a mile — more, I tliinV^ 
long, upon the river, located on the left bank of 
the river, and nearly half a mile wide — being the 
principal part of a laige and particularly fine 
plantation — a good mansion and numerous buns, 
etc., thereon. This diagram will give the positioo 
with tolerable accuracy : 

Woodn 



f 



ttt 



t 



A— DwtDlos-Hcmie. B— Rebd Mtlsy- 

O-Bcbet ItaMery. 

The river makes a bend just above here, ind 
the ground rises quite sharply fi^m the water^s 
edge, so that the bluff furnishes a very good 
opportunity for enfilading our camp. The woods 
by which our camp is surrounded furnish excel' 
lent cover for troops seeking to drive us into the 
river. I don't know that there is anything to be 
added to this, beyond what an examination of 
any map will show, except perhaps, that it is the 
most desirable camping ground 1 have yet seen 
in Virginia. 

My license as a correspondent instructs me 
that '^ the only restriction in the description of 
battles and engagements, will be upon such in- 
formation as may indicate the strength of troops 



DOGUMSNTa 



ai 



bdd in reserve, or the future moTements of our 
irmies." So I shall not be hanged for saying 
that Gen. Franklin^s division — ^the best, in several 
important particulars, to be found in the army — 
had been at Ship Point quite a long time, when, 
on Sunday last, the rebel army evaporated, wait- 
ing, apparently, for something to turn up — for 
something pretty important, too, it should seem, 
from the commotion which was caused in the 
Cabinet when the President interfered to say 
thit Gea McGlellan must have his way ; that 
Fnnklius division must go vdth the army of the 
Potomac. 

The division was quite ready for a move when 
the order was received at inspection on Sunday 
list On Tuesday its infiuitry was landed with- 
out opposition, gunboats having preceded the 
transport vessels. Tuesday night there were 
some picket murders. One, a sergeant in the 
Goslin Zouaves, of Philadelphia, was killed by a 
Texan Ranger. Another picket instantly fired 
upon the Texan, and in the morning the bodies 
of the two were found near together m the wood 
— 4he Texan dressed in unmilitary attire ; in his 
pocket was a general pass permitting him to go 
anjwhere within or through the lines of the con- 
federate army, from which it is inferred that he 
VIS employed as a scout Skirmishing was kept 
up to some extent all night 

In the morning the fight b^gan in earnest, and 
in the new style which the rebels appear to have 
adopted The artillery had been landed during 
the night, or much of it rather, for the disem- 
barkation was not complete until about ten 
o*doek in the morning. The rebels had a work 
of considerable development on the heights, with 
rifled field-pieces and a field-battery, beiiind has- 
tOj thrown up intrenchments, in a small clearing 
oiarked C in the plan above. Shortly after nine 
o'dodc the main body of the infantry — all of 
Franklin's division — advanced into the woods in 
front and <m the flanks of the battery at C, meet- 
ing a very Urge body of the enemy, a portion of 
which was the fiunous Hampton Legion of South- 
Carolina. It was not a fair stand-up meeting ; 
bat the enemy, fiuniliar with the ground, and 
skilfully managed, found it very easy to get into 
aaibii6cade& 

The Thvty-first New-York advancing, finds it- 
sdf at once encountering, at a distance of a few 
yards, three regiments (S the enemy, and so all 
through the battle, sharp-shooting, guerrilla fight- 
ing altogether on the part of the enemy. Other 
troops were landed meanwhile, and were held in 
nserrcL The fighting commenced on the right 
and left of our line, and on the skirt of the 
woods. But the troops advanced steadily and un- 
der the severest fire. It was about one hour that 
this bushwhacking business continued when our 
tn)ops were obliged to fall back, the enemy fol- 
owing dose as long as they were protected by 
the forest There was nothing like panic or fear. 
No bad conduct is reported on the part of an^ 
corps — on the contrary, every sojdier was on his 
hm baliavior. The artillery had by this time got 



in position. Porter's First Massachusetts on the 
lef^ with Lieut. Sleeper*s section facing the works 
on the height8,«Capt Platfs battery, (Go. D, Se- 
cond artillery, regulars,) on the right, and Hexli- 
mer's New-Jersey in the centre. Other artillery in 
the reserve. The batteries were supported by the 
Twentieth Massachusetts, and portions of the 
Nineteenth Massachusetts and Sixteenth New- 
York. Positions as noted above. 

Now when the troops first fell back, and bul- 
lets were whizzing over the field, there was a 
pretty nice question of generalship to be decided. 
The artillery, by moving forward, could clear the 
woods very quickly, undoubtedly. But what 
would be the effect upon our own infantry ? If 
it had been permitted to give up then, and an- 
other one had been substituted, it is not unlikely 
that peaceable possession of the field could have 
been obtained with a less loss of life than we 
actually suffered. But there would have been an 
end, for a tinie, of the usefulness of the division. 

The infantry having undertaken the task, must 
fight its way through or be utterly demoralized. 
So the infantry advanced again, promptly and 
willingly, quite as though it were a matter of 
course, to meet a second time the same reception. 
A second time they were driven back, and yet a 
third time the enemy succeeded in coming down 
to the skirt of the woods. The artillery had not 
been idle; whenever opportunity was offered, 
sending shells flrom the Parrott ton-pounder over 
the woods and into the clearing where the enemy 
was posted, the enemy's battery at that point 
pouring in grape whenever one man came within 
its range upon advancing. The battery on th 
heights at our left opened too upon the shipping 
in the river, and presently upon the camp, being 
responded to promptly and regularly by the left 
section of Porter's battery. 'Ae gunboats fired 
a few shells in that direction, and also toward the 
centre. 

At about half-past three the infkntry rallied 
for the last time. The artillery had damaged 
the rebels considerably, and the time had come 
for settling the question of possession. The 
whole division advanced, the f'irst New-Jersev 
charging at the double-quick upon the rebel woiic 
at the centre, the artillery the while keeping up 
a brisk fire of shell upon the pouit Two shells 
from Porter's battery fell in the work as the regi- 
ment advanced, and the rebels ran away with 
their little howitzers, leaving the Jersey men a 
free entry. Their cheers announced to the artil- 
lerists in the field below the success of our troops, 
and the firing ceased. 

An hour later a corps of infiantry was seen 
marching by the house near the battery on the 
left, and Lieut Sleeper sent two shells after them 
by way of a parting salute, the last going through 
the building. The battle was over and the field 
was ours. But it was not supposed that we were 
to be left in quiet repose, and therefore the batte- 
ry horses were in harness all nig^t But no ene- 
my appeared to disturb us, and to-day we have 
the satisfaction of knowwg that they are aa fitf 



82 



REBELLION RECORD, 186S. 



from us as they have been able to travel in the 
time that has elapsed. 

The Thirty-first and Thirty-second New-York 
Ircre the greatest sufferers, though the two com- 
panies of the Sixteenth New-Tork, which were 
sent into the woods, scarcely escaped more easily. 
The enemy, in ambush, fired low — as the wounds 
of our soldiers testify — following the orders which 
you remember Gen. Magruder gave to his sol- 
diers. In the course of this guerrilla fighting, 
of course there were many very singular scenes. 
Capt Montgomery, Gen. Newton's Ohief-of-staff, 
and Lieut. Baker, of Gen. Franklin's staff, ventured 
too far into the woods, and soon found themselves 
dose up with the Hampton Legion. A question 
put by one of them revealed their character, and 
instantly a number of muskets were discharged 
at them. Lieut Baker escaped ; Captain Mont- 
gomery's horse, pierced by half a dozen bullets, 
fell with his rider. The Captain feigned dead, but 
when the rebels commenced robbing his body he 
was moved to come to life, and to give the seces- 
sionist the benefit of some testamentary opinions 
— as Mr. Choate said when he spoke in behalf 
of the remains of the Whig party. Just at that 
moment a shell from one of our batteries — which 
I can't undertake to say, as the officers of three 
companies have positively assurtsd me that they 
did it— burst among the party. Then the cry 
was raised, "Shoot the Yankee!" "Where- 
fore?" queried the Captain, "I didn't fire the 
shell" Then another shell — whereupon the 
whole party skedaddled — rebels in one direction 
and the Captain in another. 

Immortalize Pat, said Captain no-matter-who, 
just now. I obey the order. Last St Patrick's 
day I happened to be a guest of the same captain 
upon the Potomac. At night I saw Pat for the 
first time, when he came in, considerably the 
worse for liquor, to apologize to his commanding 
officer for his condition — excuse — he couldn't 
think of allowing that day of all others to go by 
without getting drunk. And Pat expiated his 
offence by sitting on a spare wheel the better part 
of the second day. Pat turned up again yester- 
day. Not at his place, however, but coming out 
of the woods, where the musketry was severest, 
with a rabbit which he had managed to kill 

" Where are you ?" asked his Captain. 

" Sure, sir, I was detailed to stay in the camp, 
sir." 

And Pat upon being ordered to return to camp 
offered to compromise with the Captain by giving 
him the rabbit 

In some cases our wounded and dead were 
treated with shameful barbarity. The body of 
a soldier of the New- York Sixteenth was carried 
by, shot through the heart, and throat cut from 
ear to ear. Several cases of bayonet wounds 
upon our dead, who had been killed by bullets, 
are reported. Per contra, a squad of men, bring- 
ing in a wounded soldier, have halted for a few 
minutes' rest under the tree where I am writing. 
The wounded man reports that he was taken 
prisoner by three men of the Hampton L^on, 
•"'^o treated him with eveiy courtesy and find- 



ness, and only abandoned him when forced to do 
so by our artillery fire. When our infantry was 
driven back the second time, the enemy's mus- 
ketry became so severe that it was necessary to 
remove the hospital, on the right further toward 
the river. One man who had just come in with 
a wounded comrade received a musket-ball as he 
entered the hospital tents. 

" But for the artillery, Mb would have been 
another Ball's Bluff," said a general officer to- 
day. In the early stages of the engagement there 
were serious fears that the rebels would succeed 
in driving our troops into the river, protected as 
they were by the woods ; but the steady fire of 
the long-range guns was quite too much for 
mere infontry to withstand, and so the enemy 
retired, and the battle-field of yesterday is now 
as quiet this morning as Boston Common with a 
militia n^ment encamped upon it 

Wo have about two hundred and fifty wounded 
or killed — the precise number it is impossible to 
get at — ^but you will know all about it before you 
get this, for the official report will go by the Gov- 
ernment telegraph line from Fortress Monroe. 
Many are line-officers. As I said before, the ene- 
my fired low. A surgeon tells me he has ampu- 
tated five legs to-day, but has heard of no man's 
losing an arm. Only one man in the artillery 
was wounded — he a soldier in Hexamer's com- 
pany — by a musket-ball. Porter's battery was 
the only one which had the honor of being shelled 
by the enemy — ^indeed it was the only one within 
range. But the shells hurt nobody, and the 
rebel battery was silenced in a very few minutes. 

The buildings upon the plantation are all used 
for hospitals. I went through one of them this 
morning; and although some were dying, and all 
were severely wounded, I heard scarcely a single 
groan. —Botkm JowtmL 

AGOOUMT BT A PABTICIPANT. 

The following is a private letter from an officer 

in our army to his father : 

Booth Snm or PAmnnurr Rnm, 1 

Oppobitb WBr-POIXT, Va., V 

Thondar, Mv S 1^ I 

My Dbar Father: By the time you receive 
this, the press will have furnished you with a 
description of the battle of West-Point, fought 
yesterday by us, and also of my wonderful and 
miraculous escapes throughout the day. General 
Franklin's division left Yorktown on Monday, 
and landed same night upon the south side of 
Pamunkey River, opposite West-Point, in pres- 
ence of the pickets of the enemy. Sharp firing 
commenced immediately after our landing, and 
our brigade was therefore kept under arms and 
in line of battle all night On tht following morn- 
ing (yesterday) it became evident that the re- 
treating columns fi*om Yorktown would attack 
our division here, with the hope of beating us off 
before the arrival of our reenforcements. 

At seven o'clock I was sent out by Generals 
Franklin and Newton to make a reconnoissance 
of the ground around us in an engineering riew, 
80 that we might establish the point of their at- 



]XX)UiaSNTS. 



sa 



tack. I took a eompany with me, and after going 
sbottt two and a half milea, I observed a large 
body of rebels ahead of us in the woods, awaiting 
our imFal. I ordered my men to deploy into the 
woods ss skirmishers, and then received a volley 
of musketry from them, which I returned, and 
then finding they were surrounding me, I fell 
beck gradujdly until I reached the reserve, always 
keeping one platoon in the woods as skirmishers, 
to prevent an attack. Receiving orders then to 
join the brigade as rapidly as possible, as the 
eoemy was preparing to attack us in numbers, I 
took my position with General Newton, who had 
diawn up the brigade for action about half a mile 
behind where I was, or just outside the woods. 
The action commenced at nine o*clock a.m. — ^the 
eotmj being posted in thick woods, and we en- 
deiroring by manoeuvres to draw them out — and 
wag maintained with great spirit and incessant 
firing until four o^dock p.m., when we succeeded 
in driving them from their position and in occu- 
pying the ground lately occupied by rebel hordes. 
The artillery worked beautifully, doing great ex- 
ecution. 

Mj own escape is wonderful, and, indeed, al- 
most miraculous, and I forgot not to thank Grod 
ibr hia watchfulness over me. It was about one 
o'clock P.M. when I received an order from Gen. 
Newton to go forward into the woods to ascertain 
whether the rebels were falling back, and whether 
a certain regiment of ours held its position there. 
I went forward at once as fast as my well-tried 
horse could carry me, and upon entering the 
woods moved cautiously until I reached a barri- 
tiade, when hearing voices beside me I plunged 
into the woods, thinking, of course, it was one of 
our regiments — ^Thirty-first New-York— and was 
Boiprised to find that I had gone right into a per- 
fect nest of the Hampton Legion, from South- 
Carolina, who were lying behind trees, standing 
behind bushes, and kneeling behind stumps like 
bees. I at onoe perceived my mistake, and knew 
that nothing but the most consummate coolness 
would save me. I therefore saluted them, and 
thej, taking me for a rebel o£Qcer, asked me how 
fu Gen. Hampton was then. I answered without 
hesitation, and with rather more assurance than 
I thought I possessed, *^ I left him about ten rods 
bekwr here," and added, "now, boys, the General 
expects you to do your duty to-da^." I then 
turned my horse slowly to lull suspicion, and was 
ooogratulating myself on the probable success of 
mj rose, when seeing the U. S. on my cap, they 
jelled out : ** That's a d— n Yankee son of a b— h, 
give him h — 1 f '* On hearing this, I dashed the 
apurs into my horse, threw my head over his 
neck, and made for the road. A perfect volley 
of Minie-balls passed over and around me — kill- 
ed my horse, who rolled over carrying me with 
him, and left me down. Knowing that apparent- 
ly nothing but time would save me, I lay with 
my head back in a ditch, as I fell, and appeared 
diad for some ten minutes. I did not move a 
masde or a feature, although the scoundrels were 
iwarming around me, and threatening to **end 
Vou v.— Doc. 8 



ma" I remained in this way until they came up 
to me, took away my pistol, and commenced 
general plundering, and as they fingered away I 
could not suppress a smile — and then rising, I 
said : " Well, men, I yield as a prisoner of war." 
Thev said : " You have been shamming, you d— d 
Yankee scoundrel, have you?" "Certainly," 
said I, " everything is fair in war." They then 
commenced to abuse me as a d — d Yankee this, 
and a d— d Yankee that^ when I turned upon 
them, and said : " I have yielded as a prisoner of 
war, I demand to be usckI as such. We in the 
North know how to treat dogs better than you 
do men ; now lead me to your commanding offi- 
cer." They gave me another volley of abuse, at 
which I merely smiled, and then a shell, fired by 
our artillerr to the place where I was seen to en- 
ter, burst like the wind amongst us — skinning 
my nose and scattering the rebel rascals like chaff. 
They seized their muskets, pointed two of them 
at me, and told me to "come along, you d — d 
Yankee I" I still talked with them to gain time, 
when another shell bursting amongst us, they 
moved on further, calling to me to "come on," 
while I said : " Go ahead, lead ihe way, quick." 
I then saw a favorable moment, and preferring 
freedom to a Southern prison, I made one bound 
into the woods, and went back as fast as one lee 
would carry me. I felt very much exhausted, and 
was carried to the rear by some men and placed 
under a tree, when, with whisky and care, X soon 
felt stronger, although my leg was sti£ They 
wished me to go in an ambulance to hospital, 
but I politely declined, and calling for an extra 
horse, I was lifted on his back, and returned to 
the field and reported to Gen. Newton for duty. 
He kindly told me that I had distinguished my- 
self enough this day, and requested me to keep 
quiet , 

Do you not think that this was a miraculous 
escape ? My captors (Hampton Legion) were the 
most murderous looking body of villains I ever 
beheld, and as for honor and mercy, they know 
not the first principles of such excellent virtues. 
They are lost to idl sense of honor, and should 
be used as dogs. Our men were brought in 
rapidly — many fine ofScers killed — and several 
men killed with Minie-balls and their throats cut 
from ear to ear I Savages themselves would blush 
at such barbarity. Gen. Newton conducted the 
engagement, Gen. Franklin arriving at twelve x. 
on the field. It was a beautifully planned battle, 
and they expected to drive us into the river. We 
had twenty thousand men against us, composed 
of Tennesseeans, Texan volunteers, Louisiana 
Tigers, Virginians, and Alabamians, beside the 
Hampton Legion. Our men fought like tigers, 
although they suffered severely. We are expect- 
ing to meet them again to-day, and will give them 
another chance at us. We are surrounded by 
them here, but we are bound to be in Richmond 
soon. 

Believe me, ever, your affectionate son, 

James S. Montgoxibt. 



84 



REBELLION BBCOBD, 1862. 



Doc. 10. 
BATTLE AT McDOWELL, VA.* 

RIPOBT OV BBIO.-QKNERAL MILROT. 

Hbadquaktibs MiutoT^ Bbioaob, ) 

CAMPMBAft FmAJIELIir, Ya., MftJ 14. f 

Gekeral : I have the honor to report to you 
the result of the engagement of the eighth inst, 
near McDowell on tiie Bull Pasture Mountains. 
As an apology for the delay in transmitting this 
report, I would state that the officers and men 
of my command have, since the occurrence of the 
engagement, been constantly occupied in active 
field duty, leaving no time for the preparation of 
the details by the company and regimental com- 
manders from which alone a correct report could 
be made. 

Upon the seventh day of May, I was first ad- 
vised by my scouts and spies that a junction had 
been made between the armies of Gens. Jackson 
and Johnson, and that they were advancing to 
attack me at McDowell Having, the day previ- 
ous, sent out a large portion of the Third Vir- 
ginia, Seventy-fifi^h Ohio, and Thirty-second Ohio 
regiments to Shaw*s Ridge and upon the Shenan- 
doah Mountain for the purpose of protecting my 
foraging and reconnoitnng parties, I immedutely 
ordered my whole force to concentrate at Mc- 
Dowell, and, expecting reinforcements, prepared 
for defence there. In the afternoon of the seventh 
inst, a lai^e force of the rebels wtis discovered 
descending the west side of the Shenandoah 
Mountain, along the Staunton and Parkersburgh 
turnpike. I oniered a section of the Ninth Ohio 
battery, (Capt Hyman,) on Shaw*s Ridge, to 
shell them and endeavor to retard their progress. 
This they did with such effect as to cause the 
enemy to retire beyond the Shenandoah Moun- 
tain ; but, observing another heavy force crossing 
the mountain on our right, some two miles dis- 
tant, I deemed it prudent to fall back and con- 
centrate at McDowell. 

Upon the next morning, (eighth inst,) the ene- 
my was seen upon Bull Pasture Mountain, about 
one and three quarter miles distant from Mc- 
Dowell, on my right and front I commenced 
«helling them, and sent out parties of skirmishers 
to endeavor to ascertain their numbers. About 
ten o'clock a.m. your brigade arrived. Desultory 
firing of a section of Hyman*s battery, and occa- 
sional skirmishing, engaged the attention of the 
enemy during the morning. Miyor Long, of the 
Seventy-third 0. V. I., with a party of skirmish- 
ers, rendered a good service by his efforts in as- 
certaining the position of the enemy. 

In the afternoon, at about three o'clock, Vrui^^ 
informed by Capt G. R. Latham, of the ScconU 
Va. y. I., who, with his company, was et)gaged 
in skirmishing, that the rebels were endeavurin)^: 
to plant a Iwttery upon the mountain, wiiioh 
Would command our whole encampment ^'ith 
your permission I made a reconnoissance, for the 

• TUt tettto la alto known M the botUe of Bon Pulan Mfftm- 



purpose of obtaining accurate information of their 
strength and position. 

For this purpose the following troops were 
placed at my disposal : 

The Twenty-fift;h Ohio Volunteer Iniknby; the 
Seventy-fifth do. ; Thirty-second do. ; Third V^^ 
ginia do. ; and Eighty-second Ohio. 

The regiments were by no means full, various 
companies of each being detached for special dutj. 
The number of privates, non-commissioned officers, 
and officers, actually engaged, are reported to m« 
as follows : 

Twenty-fifth 0. V. L, 469 ; Seventy-fifUi 0. V. 
L, 444 ; Thirty-second 0. V. L, 416 ; ThiM Va 
v. L, 439. Total field-officers, company officers, 
and privates of this brigade engaged, 1768. The 
exact number of the Eighty-second 0* V. L en- 
gaged, is not known to me, but has been doubt- 
less reported to you. 

Under my order, the Twenty-fifth Ohio and 
Seventy-fifth Ohio r^ments, (the former under 
the command of Lieut-CoL W. P. Richardson, 
and the latter under the conunand of OoL N. 0. 
McLean and Major Robert' Reilly,) advanced in 
the most gallant manner, up &e face of the 
mountain, and attacked the enemy in th^ 
fi*onts. Numbering less than onte thousand men, 
unprotected by any natural or artificial shelter, 
they advanced up a predpitous mountain-side, 
upon an adversary protected by intrenchments 
and the natural formation of the mountains, and, 
unsupported, drove them (at least twice their 
numerical strength) over the crest of the moun- 
tain, and for one and a half-hours maintained, un- 
aided, whilst exposed to a deadly fire, the posi- 
tion from which they had so bravely driven the 
foe. Too much praise cannot be awarded to the 
officers and men of the regiments. The Twentj- 
fifth led the advance, and were rapidly followed 
and supported by the Seventy-fifth, w>^ acting 
with the coolness of veterans and the detennioa- 
tion of patriot soldiers, willing to sacrifice their 
lives for the good of the Republic 

At about four o^clock in the afternoon, perceiv- 
ing that the enemy's force was being constantly 
increased, I ordered the Eighty-second raiment 
0. y. I., of your brigade, the Thirty-second Ohio, 
and Third Virginia to turn the right flank of the 
enemy, and, if possible, attack them in the rear. 
They obeyed the order with the greatest alacrity ; 
but the enemy, observing the design, and having 
a much superior force, m a handsome manner 
changed his fi*ont to the rear. The regiments 
named, however, attacked them briskly, and kept 
up a destructive fire, causing the enemy to v aver 
scvtifil limes; but fresh rcJJriforeeme nU Utaitf 
Vtrought up by them^ and a p<itrif>ir ^^f ' 
forccmenta coming down Unt turnpik 
Virginia beraimo exfM:>sed to Uicir lire tol 
and rear Unable, hon'cvct^ to withiAtiuxl ^^ 
fire of th43 Third Virginia, Ui» btler tt^i^.-^ ^ 
menu jomod the tnaiii bod*" *-' " m 

the contest became pa^ 

WJiiUt the Thir^ *" 
and Kigh|^-^ 
enemy, 



DOGUXEMTSu 



85 



batierY, under command of Lieut Bowera, was, 
with me greatest ditBcultj, placed in position on 
the mountain, on the left of the turnpike, and 
gave efficient support to the attack. 

During the engagement, I also ordered two 
twdve-pounders of Johnson's Twelfth Ohio bat- 
tery to be placed upon the pike, but they could 
not be placed in position until after twilight 

From three o'clock until eight p.m. our small 
force engaged with undaunted bravery a force of 
the enemy which could not have been less than 

^ and maintained the position from which 

they had driveii them, displaying courage and 
seal which has merited the thanks of the coun- 
try and proved them true representatives of the 
Ainerican citizen soldier. 

After nightfall the engagement was continued, 
the fire of our men being guided only by the 
flashes of the enemy's musketry, until the am- 
munition of almost all the men engaged was al- 
most wholly exhausted, when having achieved 
the purpose of the attack, our forces were recalled, 
retiring in good order, bringing with them their 
dead and wounded. 

Whilst I should be glad to bring prominently 
to the notice of the M^or-General Commanding 
the names of the officers and men who distin- 
guished themselves in the action, I could not do 
so without rehearsing the names of all engaged. 
Neither officer nor man of those engaged faltered 
in the performance of his whole auty. The 
Twenty-fifth and Seventy-fifth 0. V. I., in theur 
gmllant advance, the Thirty-second Ohio in a dar- 
ini; bayonet charge, and the Third Virginia in 
their endurance of the most severe fire of the ene- 
lajj alike merit his entire approbation. 

To Brig.-Gen. Schenck, for his advice and 
ooonsel, and to the officers and men of the Eighty 
second Ohio, who so bravely^ass[sted us, I ow< 
my wannest thanks. 

Tf. G. GsoBOB, A.A.G. 

B0OBV Of BUa.-OBNIRAL 8CHINCK. 

Hbabqcasru 8gb«rci*i Bbioabb, ) • 
UomnjJM Dv^, Ouir FkAnux, May K f 

(hi. Albert Tracy^ A. A, (?., ffeadquarterg Moun- 
tain Department : 

I have had the honor, in my despatches here- 
tofore transmitted through you, to inform the 
General Commanding of my march with my bri- 
gade from Franklin to McDowell, to the relief of 
Brig. -Gen. Milroy, who with his force having 
fallen bade to, and concentrated at the last-named 
place, was threatened with attack by the combin- 
ed army of Jackson and Johnson. By leaving 
my ba^age-tnun under a guard, in my last camp 
on the roi^ fourteen miles from McDowell, I was 
able to push forward so as to make the whole 
dLtftance, thirty-four miles, in twenty-three hours. 
I added, however, but little numerical strength 
to the army I was sent to relieve. My brigade, 
consiiiting of but three regiments, and with sev- 
erml companies then on detailed and other duty, 
brought into the field an aggregate of only about 
ODO thousand three hun£ed in&ntry, besides 



owe 

R. H. MiLROT, 
BrlgadleMjknenL 



De Beck's battery of the First Ohio artillery and 
about two hundred and fifty men of the first battal* 
ion of Connecticut cavalry. 

With this help I reached Gen. Mifroy at two 
o'clock A.X., on the eighth inst I was, to use his 
own expression, "just in time." I found his 
regiments of in&ntiy partly in line of battle in the 
plain at McDowell, covering some of the various 
approaches from the mountain, and partly dis- 
posed as skirmishers on the heights in fi^nt^ and 
his batteries in position, expecting momentarily 
that the enemy would attempt to descend into 
the valley to attack him, under cover of artillery 
that might be brought forward to command the 
place from different points. 

A little observation served to show at once, 
that McDowell as a defensive position was entire- 
ly untenable, and especially against the lai^ely 
outnumbering force that was ascertained to be 
advancing ; and if it had been otherwise^ there was 
no choice left on account of an entire destitution 
of forage; I determined, therefore, to obey^ with 
as little delay as possible, your order to fall back 
with the force of our two brigades to this place. 
Such a movement, however, could not with any 
safety or propriety be commenced before night, 
nor did it seem advisable to undertake it without 
first ascertaining or feeling the actual strength of 
the rebel force before us, and also perhaps Uking 
some step that would serve to check or disable 
him from his full power or disposition to pursue. 

This was effectually done by an attack on his 
position on the mountain in the afternoon, and on 
the night following, I was enabled to withdraw 
our whole arm^ '^^^S ^^® ^^^^ through the nar- 
row gorge, which afforded the only egress from 
the valley in which McDowell is situated, in the 
direction of Franklin. 

This withdrawal we effected without the loss 
of a man, and without loss or destruction of any 
article of public property, except of some stores, 
for which Gen. Mibroy was entirely without the 
means of transportation. I submit herewith the 
reports of Brig. -Gen. Milroy and of Col. James 
Gantwell, commanding the Eighty-second Ohio 
volunteer infantry of my brigi^e, giving an ac- 
count of the affair, with the rebel force Uut day, 
and of the parts severally taken in the fight by 
the different regiments engaged. 

At three o'clock. Gen. Milroy having reported 
to me that his scouts informed him of reinforce- 
ments continually arriving to the support of the 
enemy, concealed among the woods on the moun- 
tain, and that they wore evidently making prep- 
arations to get artiUexT in position for sweeping 
the valley, f consented to his request to be per- 
mitted to make a reconnoissance. The force de- 
tailed for this purpose consisted of portions of 
four regiments of infantry of his brigide, namely, 
the Seventy-fifth, Twenty-fifth and Thirty second 
Ohio, and the Third Virginia, and the Eighty- 
second Ohio of mine—the latter regiment gladly 
receiving the order to join in the enterprise, al- 
thouffh the men were exhausted with the long 
marcn from which they had Just arrived, with 
want of food, sleep and rest The infantry was 



86 



RE6ELU0N ^CORD, 1862. 



supported in a degree also by a six-pounder of 
Johnson*s battery, which Gen. Milrov had suc- 
ceeded in conveying to the top of one of the moun- 
tain ridges on his left 

The movement resulted in a very sharp en- 
counter with the rebels, of which details are given 
in the accompanying reports. To these reports 
I refer. I will only add, by way of general sum- 
ming up, that, adding to the one thousand seven 
hundred and sixty-eight of Milroy's brigade, about 
five hundred of the Eighty-second Ohio, which 
was their number in the action, tlie entire force 
we had engaged was two thousand two hundred 
and sixty-eight; that these were opposed to, I 
believe, not less than five thousand of the enemy, 
successively brought into action, besides their 
reserved force of some eight thousand in the rear. 

That the casualties on our part amounted in 
the aggregate to twenty-eight killed, eighty se- 
verely wounded, one hundr^ and forty-five shght- 
ly wounded, and three missing, making a total of 
iwo hundred and fifty-six. 

As the enemy closed in and it was ascertained 
that from the unexpected severity and protrac- 
tion of the fight, the ammunition of some of the 
regiments was almost completely exhausted, I en- 
deavored to get up a supply of cartridges to the 
men, and hj^ three wagon-loads taken some dis- 
tance up the Staunton road for that purpose, but 
the only way it could reach them up the steep 
mountain side was to be cari'ied by hand or in 
haversacks. I ordered up the road also the regi- 
ment of Virginia infantry, CoL Zeigler command- 
ing, of mv brigade, to the relief of the other troops 
if needed, and they went, promptly and actively 
moved to the field, but it was not necessary to 
bring them into the action. 

The troops that were engaged, after fighting 
with a coolness and order and bravery which it 
is impossible to excel, and after pressing back the 
enemy over the mountain crest and maintaining 
unflinchingly and under the most galling and 
constant fire their ground until darkness set in, 
were now withdrawn under the immediate order 
of Col. McLean of the Seventy-fiflh, leaving, as I 
believe, not a person behind, for the three men 
reported missing are supposed to be among the 
killed. 

We took four prisoners of the enemy. His loss 
in killed is thought by all engaged to have much 
exceeded ours. From the prisoners since taken 
I have ascertained that his killed on the field was 
less than thirty, and his wounded very numeipus. 
Among the rebels wounded I learn was General 
Johnson himself^ and at least one of his field-offi- 
cers. The colonel of a Virginia regiment is known 
to be among the slain. 

Too much praise cannot be awarded to Gen. 
Milroy himself^ to Colonel McLean, Seventy-fifth 
Ohio ; Col Can twell, Eighty-second Ohio ; Lieut - 
Col. Richardson, commanding the Twenty-fiflh 
Ohio; Major Riley, Seventy-fifl;h Ohio, and the 
officers and men of their several commands, for 
their steady gallantry and courage manifested 
throughout the whole affair. No veteran troops 
I am sure, ev«r acquitted themselves with more 



ardor, and yet with such order and coolness, ta 
they displayed in marching and fighting up th&t 
steep mountain-side, in the &ce of a hot and io- 
cessant fire. From McDowell I fell back bj easy 
marches, on the ninth, tenth, and eleventh, to 
this place, the enemy cautiously pursuing. On 
a commanding ridge of groun<i, thirteen miles 
from McDowell, at the intersection of the road at 
that place with the turnpike to Monterey, I stop- 
ped n*om eight A.1C. to two p.m., on the ninth, 
and made my dispositions to receive and repulse 
the attack of the rebels, who appeared in our 
rear, but they declined the undertaking. While 
awaiting the arrival of the General Commanding, 
with reenforcements, at this point, on the ele- 
venth, twelfth, and thirteenth, the rebel army 
having advanced to within two miles of our posi- 
tion, we were kept constantly engaged in watch- 
ful preparation for an expected attack. I had my 
batteries and other forces so disposed, as to feel 
confident of repelling any attack. But we had 
no collision, except some skirmishing with my 
pickets and portions of the infiintry advanced on 
the range of hills to my right, as I confronted the 
enemy's approach, and which resulted only in the 
loss of two men, one of the Fifth Virginia regi- 
ment on the eleventh, and one of the Third regi- 
ment Potomac home brigade, on the twelfth, on 
our side, and four or five of the enemy killed by 
our shells. The approaches were so guarded as 
to prevent the enemy from getting his artillery 
into any commanding position, and on the night 
of the thirteenth he withdrew back along the 
turnpike road to the southward. 
I am, very respectfully, your ob't servant^ 
Robert C. Schenck. 
Brigmdler-General CommaiHHny. 

COLONEL N. a McLKAN*8 REPORT. 

HaASQVAsnBB BKVsirrT-rifTB Runmr 0. T. L, 1 
Gamp Fbaxklut, May 14, ISffiL f 

General : I have the honor to submit to you 
a report of the battle of " Bull Mountain," which 
occurred on the eighth instant, near McDowell. 
This report would have been sooner made, hut 
for the constant duty upon which I have been 
engaged up to last night This has rendered it 
impossible, until the present moment, for me to 
devote any time to this report^ and is my excuse 
for the delay. 

Under your orders, on the afternoon of the 
eighth instant, I marched to attack the confeder- 
ate forces then in position on the top of Bull 
Mountain, having under my command seven com- 
panies of mj own regiment, the Seventy-fillh 
Ohio, and mne companies of the Twenty-fifth 
Ohio, commanded by Lieut -Col. Riobardson. 
The remaining three companies and a part of the 
seven of the Seventy-fifth Ohio were, at the time 
the order was received, separated from the regi- 
ment by your previous orders during the day, 
and had been engaged in skirmishing with the 
advance of the enemy, so that I had not the ben- 
efit of their strength in the battle. The compa- 
nies of my own regiment engaged, with the nui& 
bers present of each, were as follows : 



DOCUUENTS. 



37 



OuipanT A, Capt Friend commanding, 86 men. 

^ F, Capt Morgan " 61 " 

" I, Capt Fry " 61 « 

•* C, Capt Harris " 71 " 

« H, Capt Pilcher « 69 " 

- E, Capt Foster « 46 " 

** G, Lieut Morey " 60 " 

Total of Seventy-fifth Ohio engaged, 444 " 

I have not yet ascertuned the numbers en- 
gaged in the Tvrenty-fiflh Ohio, but have been 
informed by Lieut -Col. Richardson that his nine 
companies were incomplete. He will report, him- 
EelC the exact-number in the action. 

The enemy were in position on the top of the 
mountain, entirely screened from our view, and 
the conformation of the ridge permitted them to 
(btiTer their fire with only the exposure of a 
small portion of their bodies, and in reloading 
they were entirely protected from our fire by the 
crest of the hilL The side of the mountain up 
vhich I was compelled to make the attack, was 
entirely destitute of protection, either from trees 
or rocks, and so steep that the men were at times 
compelled to march either to one side or the other 
in order to make the ascent In making the ad- 
Tancc, Lieut-Col. Richardson, by my order, de- 
ployed two of his companies as skirmishers, .in 
order to more clearly ascertain the position and 
stroigth of the enemy. As soon as these com- 
panies were deployed properly, I ordered Lieut- 
CoL Richardson to support them with the whole 
of his regiment, formed in line of battle, which 
order was executed with great promptness, and 
in t few moments the whole of the Twenty-fifth 
Ohio was advancing steadily to the fi-ont, up the 
mountain, oyercoming the difBcult ascent with 
great labor. 

As soon as the Twenty-fifth Ohio had advanced 
so u to make room in the open ground for the 
movement, I formed my own r^ment, the Sev- 
enty-fifth Ohio, in line of battle, and gave the 
order for the advance, so that the whole force 
under my command was within easy supporting 
distance. • 

The enemy did not permit the skirmishers to 
idrance £u- before a heavy fire was opened upon 
them from the whole crest of the hill The 
mountain was circular in its formation, so that 
when the whole line was engaged, the flanks were 
in a manner concealed fix>m each other. The 
enemy received us with so heavy and destructit^ 
a fire, that I was compelled to bring forward, as 
npidly as i>ossible, the whole of the forces under 
my conmiand. I cannot say too much in praise 
of the conduct of the troops. Under the most 
heaTy and galling fire from a well-sheltered ene- 
my, and without protection themselves, they 
iteadily advanced up the precipitous ascenl^ firing 
and loading with great coolness, until the enemy 
were forced to retire from their first position to a 
second ridge in the rear, which, however, pro- 
tected them firom our fire equally as well as the 
one which they had abandoned. At this point 
•or troops were halted, and finding that we were 



attacking a much larger force than I had antici- 
pated, occupying also, a most admirable defensive 
position, I deemed it prudent to make no further 
advance, and determined, if possible, to hold on 
to the ground already acquired. In the position 
gained my men found partial protection whilst 
loading their pieces, by taking advantage of the 
uneven nature of the grounds. This, however, 
was slight, as the enemy were so placed that 
many of our men were wounded by their fire, 
some distance below the advanced front Our 
position was one of extreme danger and exposure, 
and the fire of the enemy was heavy ; coming 
sometimes in tremendous volleys, as if they 
meant by one fire, to sweep us from the mount- 
ain. Most nobly did our troops sustain them- 
selves. Both regiments worked together with 
great coolness, and the men seemed only to be 
anxious to eet steady aim when firing their pieces, 
without « thought of retiring. We held this po- 
sition for at least an hour and a half before any 
troops arrived to reenforce us, the enemy not 
daring to make the attempt to drive us back by 
a charge. At about this time the Thirty-second 
Ohio, under command of Lieut -Col. Sweeney, 
and the Eighty-second Ohio, under command of 
Col Cantwell, came to our aid and took position 
in our midst The fighting continued around 
the crest of the hill at this point, until I was in- 
formed that the Twenty-fifth Ohio were out of 
ammunition, and that some of my own regiment 
(the Seventy -fifth Ohio) were in the same condi- 
tion, although every man of my own raiment 
started in tne action with sixty rounds. The 
evening, also, was well advanced, so that our 
men could only see the enemy by the flashes of 
their guns, llie moon was shining, but did not 
give sufficient light to enable the men to shoot 
with accuracy. Under these circumstances 1 6^ 
termined to withdraw the forces, and so gave the 
order. I formed the Seventy-fifth Ohio in line 
of battle, under the crest of uie hill, sufficiently 
low down to be out of the worst of the fire, and 
marched them down the mountain in this order, 
as well as the nature of the ground would per- 
mit, so as at any time to be able to face to the 
rear, and fire upon the enemy in case they should 
attempt to fbllow us. Upon reaching the road, I 
halted, and waited until the Twentv-fifth Ohio, 
the Eighty-second Ohio, and the Thirty-second 
Ohio had all returned to the road, when we 
marched back to McDowell The action was a 
most severe one, as is shown by the report of 
the*killed and wounded, already in your posses- 
sion. My officers and men alike bore themselves 
most bravely in the action. Lieut -Col Consta- 
ble being sick, was unable to be with us, but 
Maj. Reilly rendered most important and gallant 
service, during the whole engagement, rallying 
the men and keeping them to their work, when, 
as was the case at times, the enemy seemed, by 
the increase of their fire, to have brought new 
forces into the action. I had but one officer 
wounded, and of them all, so far as they came 
under my observation, I can speak in the warm- 



98 



REBELUON RECORD, 1868. 



est terms as regards their gallant conduct during 
thentction. 

I hare the honor to be, 
Very respectfully, 

Tour obedient senrant, 

N. C. McLeaic, 

Colonel Bghty-Allli BaglaMnt O.T.X. 

Brig.-General Milrot. 

A NATIONAL ACCOUNT. 

A correspondent of the Cincinnati Oamm&reial 

gives the following account of this affair : 

rsASKLnr, PsRsuTQir Commr, Ya., ) 
On. MiUKOT^ BuQAM, May 18, im. f 

After an exciting week we are at last enjoying 

a season of rest in our camp here, to wnich 

point the orerwhelming numbers of the enem^r 

compelled us U> fall back. Since about the first 

of April, when the rebels evacuated Camp AUe- 

Sheny, Qen. Milroy, with that energy and fearless 
etermination which are his peculiar character- 
istics, has been hotly pursuing them, until they 
were driven beyond the Shenandoah mountains, 
the boundary of Fremont's department 

In their retreat the rebels destroyed an im- 
mense amount of camp equipage. This was 
particularly the case at their camp on the She- 
nandoah mountain, where they left considerable 
quantities of flour, forage, etc.; they burned 
most of their tents, the rest they cut so as to 
render them unfit for use. 

On the fifth the Thirty-second Ohio was ad- 
vanced beyond the Shenandoah mountain for 
the double purpose of scouting and foraging. 
The Seventy-fifth Ohio and Third Virginia, with 
Gapt Hyman*s battery, were encamped at the 
foot of the mountain on this side ; the rest of our 
force was at McDowell, at which place Gen. 
Milroy had his headquarters: On Wednesday 
mormng the cavalry pickets belonging to Capt 
Shuman's company First Viiginia, were attacked 
and driven in after losing several men and a 
number of horses. The Thirty-second, under 
Lieut-CoL Sweeney, drove the rebels back in 
good style, and then fell back across the moun- 
tain. Unfortunatelr this regiment was without 
transportation, and hence lost all their camp 

X'page and baggage, which was burned by the 
Is. 
By this time we had learned flrom our scouts 
and firom other sources that we were about to be 
attacked by the combined forces of Johnson 
and Jackson, numbering some fifteen thousand 
men, with Ashby's cavalry, and a good supply 
of artillery. Our forces that were advanced to- 
ward the Shenandoah, were immediately ordered 
to fiiU back to McDowell As we came up 
Shaw's Ridge, just this side of the Shenandoal^ 
we could see the rebels swarming over the top 
of the latter. The road that leads down the 
mountain was crowded with rebels for several 
hours, and still they came. Gen. Milroy, at this 
moment^ came up and ordered Capt H3rman's 
battery, supported by the Seventy-fifth Ohio, 
CoL McLean, to move back to Shawns Ridge, aftd 
dieck the advance of the rebels. They reached 



the ridge just as the enemy was making his ap> 
pearance near the foot Hyman's g^ns were 
quickly in position, and soon shells were fidling 
among the rebels, who immediately about faced 
and marched back up the mountain. The regi- 
ment and battery then fell back to McDowell, 
reaching that place about seven p.m. 

The men slept on their arms, while the ofBcos 
made the arran^ments for the next day's battle. 
A little after midnight, most of us tried to sleep. 
I confess affiiirs looked too blue to permit of mj 
sleeping. We had information that Jackson was 
coming with nine thousand men by way of North 
River Gap, to attack our left, while Johnson, 
with his whole force and part of Jackson's, would 
attack us in fi^nt Our force was not half theirs, 
and our position h poor one ; but Gen. Milroy 
said he would not yi^ld a foot to treason, and so 
we must fight 

By half-past two Thursday morning, all in 
camp were stirring, and by four all luid eaten 
breakfast Our soldiers watched for the coming 
dawn, and listened anxiously for the signal gun 
that would summon them to battle. Day came, 
but no attack. We supposed they were onlj 
awaiting the advance of Jackson's force from the 
direction of North River Gap. By order of Gen. 
Milroy, I took a squad of cavalry, and went in 
the direction of North River Gap, to find, if pos- 
sible, Jackson's force. I went out fifteen miles 
fit>m McDowell, but found no force. On retummg 
to camp I found Gen. Schenck had come up with 
three regiments, namely, the Eighty-second and 
Fift^r-fifA Ohio, and Fifth Virginia. The enemy 
had made his appearance on the hill east of the 
town, and two companies of his skirmishers had 
been driven in by Capt Higgins's company of 
tiie Eighty-fifth. At five o'dock p.k., it was re- 
solved to make a reconnoissance in force, to learo 
the strength and position of the enemy. At 
half-past five o'clock. Gen. Milroy moved with 
four regiments, namely, the Seventy-fifth, Twenty- 
fifth, Thirty-second and Eighty-second. 

The rebels had stationed tiiemselves on the 
top of a ridge, in the Bull Pasture. Mountain, 
through a gap in which, at this point, the Stami- 
ton pike passes. The Twenty-fifth and Serenty- 
fifth Ohio took up the mountain on the right, 
while the Thirty-seoond and Eighty-second took 
the left. The mountain on both sides is very 
steep and hence, by the time the men had 
varched two thirds of the way up the mountain, 
Uiey were almost exhausted. The Beventy-fifth 
and Twenty-fifth had climbed two thirds the 
way up the mountun, and were just crossing a 
little ndge, when they received a full volley from 
a rebel re^pment that had been concealed on the 
other side of the ridgeu Here the battle began, 
the rebels falling bade before the telling fire of 
our boys. The enemy then reenforced till his 
numbers exceeded our own — continued to fall 
back till they reached their main force, which 
was posted in admirably selected posi^on — a 
kind of basin in the top of the mountain, from 
which they could fire without exposing only 
their head. The fight had been raging furiously 



BOCnMENTEL 



SO 



lor Deir two hours b«fore I coold possibly resch 
the top of the mouDtsiiif I hsTing been sent with 
orders to another point 

Hie Serenty-fifth and Twenty-fifth Ohio i^- 
ments, their combined force numbering less than 
one thoosand, droTe the enemy, whose numbers 
doubled theirs, firom post to post, till they joined 
the main rebel force at the point of which I hare 
spoken. Haying driven the rebels to this point, 
Uiey fought the whole force till reenforced by the 
Thirty-second and Eighty-second Ohio, these 
Rgiments coming up and taking position near 
that occupied by the Seyenty-flfth and Twenty- 
fifth, while the Third Virginia, commanded by 
Col Hewea, and Lieut-Col Thompson, moyed 
up ftrther to the left, and from that point poured 
s galling fire into the rebels, compelling them 
partiilly to change front The Third Virginia, 
in takii^ its position, placed itself between two 
fires, but the men hdd their ground, and fought 
with coolness and determination worthy of yete- 
noa. During the earl^ part of the engagement 
Geo. IGlroy was supermtending both the battle 
ind planting a section of Capt Johnston's bat- 
tery on a hill which partially commanded ^e 
position of the enemy. The guns were pknted 
and handled by Lieut Bowers, and did good ez- 
eeation. Capt Hyman also got two of*ms guns 
in position, but the position of the enemy was 
sodi that his shells would pass oyer their heads. 
Our troops cannot be too highly praised for 
their heroic otrnduct in the battle of ** Bull Pas- 
ture Mountain.** For near three hours they con- 
tended suooeesfully against four times their own 
number. Seyeral times the enemy broke, and 
as often were rallied on the reserye and brought 
back to their pUcesL Once their reserye broke, 
but fortunately for them, reenforcements coming 
op, with bayonets, droye them back to their 
places. All our ofiBcers and men behayed nobly, 
eliciting the wannest praise from Qens. Fremont 
md Schenck. Gren« Mihroy who admires braye- 
ly, has issued an order thanking th*e men for 
their gallant conduct In mentioning the conduct 
of an oflloer or regiment, I of course do not dis- 
mge that of others. AU fought well Lieut- 
CoL Richardson commanded the Twenty-fifth, 
and acquitted himself nobly. Lieut-Col Swee- 
atj the Thirty-second. I Suisse the Colonel, 
with his regiment, would haye been there till 
tins time if he could haye had his way. Lieut* 
Col Thompson, whose coolness eyery one ad- 
auras, was, during the battle, writing a message, 
haring the paper against a tree, when a buUet 
pierced the paper, sticking it to the tree. 
** Thank you, I am not posting adyertisements,** 
nid the Colonel ''and if I was, I would prefer 
tacksw** Cincinnatians may well be proud of 
Col McLean and Major ReiUy, and the regiment 
they command. Where the fight was the hot- 
test and the men seemed to wayer, thero you 
would see CoL M. and Major R., cheering their 
men, and by their own daring and coolness in- 
SfMring confidence and courage in the men. They 
say Um M^or actually became excited, and ^t 
to maldng stump-speeches to his boys, tellmg 



them to ^^wipe out the stain that had fkllen 
upon the name of Ohio on other fields.** The 
fighting ceased about half-past eight, it being then 
so daric that they could only see the flash of the 
enemy's muskets. Our entire force engaged was 
two thousand two hundred and sizty-fiye men, 
while that of the enemy consisted ^ Gen. John- 
son's entire force — four thousand strong, re- 
enforced in the early part of the action by three 
regiments of Jackson's army, making theur force 
not less than six thousand; and I may add 
that Jackson's entire force was hst coming up. 
Our loss is thirty killed and two hundred and 
sixteen wounded. Of the loss of the enemy I - 
am not informed ; it is certain, howeyer, that the 
Colonel of the Tenth Vurginia was killed, as this 
report is confirmed by seyeral prisoners we haye 
taken*. 

Our men were withdrawn at half-past eight or 
nine o'clock, and we at once propared to fiiU back 
toward reenforcements. We found it necessary 
to bum a quantity of **hard bread" and some 
ammunition. Many other things were lost Our 
sutlers, Anderson and Harper, lost all the^ 
" traps." I am sorry to say that, owing to some 
mismanagement on the part of Lieut -Ool Con- 
stable, of the Seyenty-fifth Ohio, (who had gone 
on to a house in adyance, to await the arriyal of 
our troops,) and his cousin, who was to notify 
him of the moying of the troops, but who failed 
to do it, he (the Colonel) was left behind and 
taken prisons by the rebels. 

Of our retreat to this point and the incidents 
connected therewith, I will speak in my next 

VOLUKTEBB. 

LTNOHBUBQH (yA.) *« RBPUBUOAN •• AGCOUNT. 

Oamv at VntiMtoK Gomrrr, I 

Two UiLM lAar Of Wmamklu, May It. f 

On Monday, May fifth, we left camp at Valley 
Mills, Augusta County, six miles north of Staun- 
ton, with fiye days* rations, without touts and 
baggage, saye blankets, under the command of 
Gen. Ed. Johnson, and the next day the adyance- 
guard under C6L Letcher fell in with the out- 
posts of the enemy — one cayalry company and 
a body of infantiy, near the forks of the Jen- 
nings Qap and the Parkersburgh turnpike roads, 
twenty-one miles fi^m Staunton. Letdier fired 
up<m the enemy, killing three, wounding seyeral, 
and taking one prisoner. 

About this time "Old Stonewall *^ passed up 
the road and had a consultation with Gen. John- 
son. Soon after the consultation, Johnson's army 
pushed up the road in pursuit of the enemy 
toward Shenandoah Mountain, followed by Jack- 
son's. When we arriyed at the foot of the moun- 
tain, on the east side, we found that a regiment of 
Yankees had been camped there, but had left on 
hearing of our appearance, leaying behind all their 
tents, clothing, commissary stores and a number 
of small arms, most of which they broke the stocks 
oi^ but seyenl cases wero left unopened and in 
fine order. 

After scouting the mountains thoroughly, we 
found that three regiments had been camped 



40 



REBELUOK BEGOBD, 1862. 



upon the top, but upon our approach had made 
a hasty retnat 

When we arriyed upon the summit we could 
see the enemy in hasty retreat on the east side 
of Bull Pasture Mountain, about fire miles in 
advance. It being late in the day, our command 
thought it prudent to halt and go into camp for 
the night 

At sunrise the next morning we were again on 
the Une of march in pursuit of the enemy. 
When we arriTed at Bull Pasture Mountain we 
ascended to its summit, when Ashby*s scouts 
reported that the Yankees had placed four pieces 
- of artillery on the road leading into McDowell, 
on the west side of the mountain, where the road 
passes through a narrow gorge. The heights 
commanding Monterey were also in possession of 
the enemy, with artillery planted. 

After the generals had reconnoitred for seyeral 
hours, it becoming late, they concluded to post- 
pone an attack until the following morning ; but 
the enemy, receiving reinforcements, miMle an 
attack upon us about five o'clock. After a des- 
perate fight, which lasted five hours, we drove 
the enemy from the field. 

During the engagement Gen. Johnson came 
near being captur^ Gen. Jackson, not knowing 
his position, gave orders for the Fort^- fourth 
Virginia regiment to fall back, but the mchmond 
Zouaves, Gapt Alfiiend, seeing the perilous 
position of their brave commander, Gen. J., dis- 
obeyed orders and charged upon the enemy, 
thereby saving him from the Yankees* dutches. 

Our loss is estimated at about 800 killed, 
wounded and missing. About on^ hundred of 
the number were killed and mortally wounded. 

During the battle Gen. Johnson's horse was 
killed under him, and the General received a 
wound in the ankle fi^m a shell passing through 
the small bone of the leg. 

The Twelfth Georgia regiment did most of the 
fighting, and suffered very severely. They lost 
182 killed, wounded and missing ; among them 
were many brave and gallant ofQcers. One com- 
pany of the Twelfth Georgia lost all of its officers 
save the fourth corporal 

There were only two brigades of three regi- 
ments each, both of Johnson's army, engaged m 
the fight The first ^was commanded by Col. 
Z. T. Connor, of Georgia, and the second by CoL 
Wm. C. Scott, of Virginia, of both of whom Gen. 
Johnson speaks in Sie highest terms for their 
gallantry and bravery on tms occasion. 

We expected to renew the fight the next 
morning ; but the bird had flown, leaving behind, 
at McDowell, where three thousand encamped, 
all his camp equipage, a large quantity of ammuni- 
tion, a number of cases of Enfield nfles, togetiier 
with about one hundred head of cattie, which 
they had stolen, being mostiy milch cows. 

At McDowell, Milroy's headquarters, great 
destruction was done to private property. 

North-western Virginia is now nearly fi'ee firom 
the scoundrels. I do not know oiu: destination, 
as Gen. Jackson never tells any one his plans, 
not even his brigadiers. 



Doc. 11. 
OCCUPATION OF NORFOLK, VA 



BBPOBT OV GKNUUL WXWU 



Monoa,BIa7l9,18flL 
Eon. Edwin M, Stanton, Secretary of War: 

On the ninth of May (Friday afternoon) I o^ 
ganized a force to march against Norfolk On 
Saturday morning, the tenth of May, the troops 
were landed under the direction of Capt Gram at 
Ocean View, and commenced the march toward 
Norfolk, with Generals Mansfield and Weber, who 
proceeded on the direct route by way of Tanner's 
Creek bridge, but finding it on fire, tiiey returned 
to the cross-roads, where I formed them and took 
the direction of the column. I arrived by the old 
road, and captured the intrenchments in front of 
the city at twenty minutes before five t.u. I 
immediately proceeded toward Norfolk, accompa- 
nied by the Hon. Secretary Chase, and was met 
by the Mayor and a select committee of the Com- 
mon Council of Norfolk at the limits of the ci^, 
when they surrendered the city, agreeably to the 
terms set forth in the resolutions of the Common 
Council presented by the Mayor, Wm. W. Lamb, 
which were accepted hj me so fiur as related to 
the civil rights of its citizens. A copy df the reso- 
lutions has been already furnished you. I imme- 
diately took possession of the city, and appointed 
Brig. -Gen. Egbert L. Viele Military Governor of 
Norfolk, with directions to see that the citizens 
were protepted in all their civil rights. Soon 
after I took possession of Gosport and Ports- 
mouth. The taking of Norfolk caused the de- 
struction of the iron-clad steamer Merrimac, which 
was blown up by the rebels about ^ye o'clock 
on the morning of the eleventh of May, whiA 
was soon after communicated to you and the 
President of the United States. On tiie elevenlb 
I visited the navy-yard, and found all the work- 
shops, storehouses, and other buildings in ruins, 
having been set on fire by the rebels, who, at the 
same time, partially blew up the dry-dock. I also 
visited Craney Island, where I found thirty-nine 
guns of large calibre, most of which were spiked ; 
also a large number of shot and shell, with about 
five thousand pounds of powder, all of which, 
with the buildings, were in good order. As faraa 
I have been able to ascertain, we have taken about 
two hundred cannon, including those at Seweirs 
Point batteries, together with a large number of 
shot and shell, as well as many other articles of 
value stationed at the Navy-Tard, Craney Island, 
Sewell's Point, and other places. 

John K. Wool, 

IfaQor-G^neral CommiiMHur, 
NIW-TOKK "TDOS** AOCOUHT. 

Ocaui Vnw, oppoBm Fom* Movwn« ) 
Batarday eranliig, 8 o'clock, f 

Norfolk and Gosport Navy-Tard again belong 
to the United States. Our troops, under General 
Wool, entered and took possession of the town st 
five o'clock in the afternoon, receiving its surren- 
der at the hands of the Mayor and Common Coun- 



DOOUMXirrBb 



41 



dL All the troops who had been holding it under 
Gca Ho^ were withdrawn jesterday — the pub- 
lic buildings and public property in the Nayy- 
Yard were all destroyed. The people remained 
in thedty, and our forces entered into peaceable 
possession of it, being encamped two miles out of 
town, in what is called the intrenched camp, 
which was rery strongly fortified, and in which 
thirty pieces of cannon fell into our possession. 

For some time past Gen. Wool has been of the 
opinioa that Norfolk might be taken with but lit- 
tle cost; but nothing definite has been done in 
regard to it, partly because the cooperation of the 
Na?j Department could not be secured, and partly 
be&ase such a morement was not consistent with 
the general plan of the campaign which had been 
decided upon. After the fall of Yorktown and the 
vithdrawal of the great body of the rebel army, 
it was believed that the abandonment of Norfolk 
would speedily foUow as a necessary consequence^ 
When Gen. llcClellan, therefore, on Monday after 
the fidl of Yorktown, tel^raphed to Gen. Wool 
tsldog for more troops, m order to make an 
effectiye pursuit of the rebels up York River, Gen. 
Wool declined to send any, on the ground that it 
in^bt become necessary for him to take and hold 
Norfolk. 

On Thursday the little steam-tug J. B. White 
cune in from Norfolk, having deserted from the 
rebel service. She had been sent to bring in a 
coQple of rebel schooners from the mouth of Tan- 
ner's Creek ; the oflScers in chai^ge of her being 
Northern men, and having been long desirous of 
escaping from the rebel regime^ considered this a 
&rorable opportunity for effecting their object 
Thev slipped past Crane^ Island without attract- 
ing any hostile observation, and then steered di- 
rectly for Newport News. On arriving they re- 
portMl that the rebel troops were evacuating Nor- 
folk— that very many had already gone, and that 
not orer two or three thousand remained, and 
eren these, it was confidently believed, would 
ycrj speedily be withdrawn. They were men of 
intelligence and of evident sincerity, and their 
statements commanded full confidence. 

Ubder these circumstances Gen. Wool decided 
to make a military demonstration there. A large 
bodj of troops was embarked upon the transports 
lying in the Roads, and all preparations were 
made with a view to a landing on SewelFs Point 
during Thursday night Several of our vessels 
were sent to shell the Point during the preceding 
daj, and as you have already heard, they did it 
vith a good deal of effect But they received 
very rigorous replies fi*om the batteries there, and 
were finally put to flight by the appearance of 
the Merrimac, which came to take part in the con- 
test This vigorous demonstration on the part of 
the rebels satisfied the military authorities that 
the attack could not safely be made at that time 
or at that point The troops were accordingly 
disembarked on Friday morning, and the exp^- 
tioo was for the time abandoned! 

On Friday Secretary Chase, who had been 
ipending two or three days here, as had also 
Preuiient Lincoln and Secretary Stanton, learned 



from a pilot familiar with the coast, that there 
was a place where a landing could be effected a 
mile or so beyond Willoughby Point, and that a 
very good road led direcUy from that shore to 
Norfolk. In company with Gen. Wool and CoL 
T. J. Cram, of the Topographical Engineers, Sec- 
retary Chase on Friday crossed over in the steam 
revenue cutter Miami, and sent a boat to sound 
the depth of the water and examine the shore, 
with a view to a landing for troops. While doing 
so, they perceived signs of a mounted picked 
guard on the shore above, and not deeming it safe 
to venture too fiu', they pulled back for the Miami. 
On their way, however, a woman was seen in a 
house on shore waving a white flag. The boat's 
crew at once returned, and were told by the wo- 
man that her husband had fled to the woods, to 
avoid being forced into the rebel service by tho 
mounted scouts who came every day to find him, 
and that on his last departure he had instructed 
her to wave a white fla^ on the approach of any 
boats from the Union side. She gave the party a 
good deal of valuable information concerning ue 
roads and the condition of the country between 
there and Norfolk. Secretary Chase and CoL 
Cram went ashore and satisfied themselves that 
a landing was perfectly feasible. On returning 
to Fortress Monroe^ they found that President 
Lincoln and Secretaiy Stanton, on examining the 
maps, had been led to make a similar exploration 
and had come to a similar conclusion, though the 
points at which the parties had struck Uie shore 
proved to have been a mile or two apart 

The result of all this was that Gen. Wool de- 
cided upon an immediate march upon Norfolk 
/ram that pointy and orders were at once issued 
to carry it into effect The steamer Adelaide, 
which was filled with freight and passengers for 
Baltimore, was stopped half an hour before her 
time of sailing, and with half a dozen others, was 
at once occupied by the infantry and artillery 
destined for the expedition. They began to em- 
bark at about four o'clock, on Friday afternoon, 
and by midnight several of them had started for 
the opposite shore. A vigorous bombardment 
was opened from the Rip Raps upon Sewell's 
Point, and kept up for two hours, to induce the 
belief that this was the intended point of debark- 
ation. The steamers crossed over, and at day- 
light preparations were made for landing. The 
infiuitrj^regiments were landed first, and started 
at once upon their march. The negroes, who 
alone remained behind, said that a mounted picket 
had left, sayuig that the Union men were com- 
ing over in a day or two. 

One leading object of pushing forward the in- 
fantry rapidly, was to secure, if possible, tho 
bridge across Tanner's Creek, by which the route 
to Norfolk would be shortened several miles. 
The route lay through pine woods and over roads 
in only tolerable conditioiL At about one o'clock 
the leading regiment, under Max Weber, came to 
the bridge and found it burning, having just been 
set on fire by a body of men who had planted a 
couple of small guns on the opposite bank, which 
they opened upon our advance. Gen. Mansfield, 



42 



REBELUOir BMORD, 1863. 



who had oome over from Newport News, at Gen. 
Wool's request, to join the expedition, thought 
this indicated an intention to resist the further 
progress of our troops, and that nothing could be 
done without artillery and a larger force. He 
aocordin^y started back to hurry up the batte- 
ries and to provide for bringing over a portion of 
his command as a reinforcement Oen. Wool, 
however, meantime decided to push forward. 
The column marched back about two miles and 
a half to a point where a diverging Toad led 
around the head of Tanner*s Creek, and took tiiat 
route to Norfolk. Nothing further was heard 
from the party that had fired upon our column, 
and it was evident that the demonstration was 
merely intended to protect them in the destruc- 
tion of the bridge. They fired about a dozen 
shots, none of which took effect 

Our troops pushed rapidly forward in spite of 
the heat of the day, and at five o'clock reached 
the entrenched camp, some two miles this side 
of Norfolk, which had been very strongly fortified 
with earthworks on which were mounted twenty- 
nine pieces of artillery. No troops were in the 
place, and our forces passed through it on their 
way to the town. Just before reaching it they 
were met by a flag of truce, to which an ofiScer 
was at once sent forward to enquire its object 
Receiving the information that it was to treat for 
the surrender of the city, the officer returned, 
and Gen. Wool and staff, with Secretary Chase, 
advanced to meet the Mayor of the city, who had 
come out under the flag. Both parties dismount- 
ed and entered a cottage by the roadside, when 
the Mayor informed the General of the evacua- 
tion of the city and of the object of his visit 

It seems that a meeting was held at Norfolk 
some days since — ^not long, probably, after the 
evacuation of Torktown was resolved upon — by 
the rebel Secretary of War, Gen. Huger, Gen. 
Longstreet, and some others of the leading mili- 
tary authorities, at which it was detennined not 
to attempt to hold the city against any demon- 
stration of the National forces to effect its cap- 
ture. This decision was followed by the with- 
drawal of the main body of the troops. 

The Mayor said he had come to surrender the 
city into the hands of the United States, and to 
ask protection for the persons and property of 
the citizens. 

Gen. Wool replied that his request wa^granted 
in advane^-'that the Government of the United 
States had not the slightest wish or thought of 
interfering with the rights of any peaceable citi- 
zen, and that all should have full protection 
against violence of every kind. The first thine 
he had done on setting out in the morning had 
been to issue an order, prohibiting under the 
severest penalties any interference whatever with 
the private property or rights of any citizen, and 
this prohibition should be enforced with the ut- 
most rigor. He begged the Mayor to rest assured 
that everything he had asked should be granted. 

A general conversation then took place between 
the oflBcials on each side, in which their senti- 
ments and opinions were freely interchanged. 



The party then broke up to go to the City Hall 
for the formal inauguration of the new military 
authorities. The Mayor invited Gen. Wool and 
Secretary Chase to ride with him in his carriage, 
and they proceeded together, followed by Um 
General's body-guard and the troops. After en- 
tering the City Hall the Commanding General 
issued the following : 

Bbidqi7abtib% ]>BPAxnaDfT or TaomA, ) 
NouoLC, May 10, 1801 ) 

The city of Norfolk having been surrendered 
to the United States Government, militarv pos- 
session of the same is taken in behalf of the Na- 
tional Government by Major-Gen. John R Wool 
Brig. -Gen. Yiele is appointed Military Governor 
for the time being. He will see that all citizens 
are carefully protected in all their rights and ciril 
privil^es, taking the utmost care to preserve or- 
der and to see that no soldiers be permitted to 
enter the cit^ except by his order, or by the 
written permission of the commanding ofiBcer of 
his brigade or regiment, and he will punish any 
American soldier who shall trespass upon the 
rights of any of the inhabitants. 

John B. Wool, 

Immediately after issuing this order Gen. Wool 
with his staff and Secretary Chase withdrew, and 
rode back in the carriage used only this morning 
by Gen. Huger, across the country to Ocean View, 
the place of debarkation, which they reached at 
a little after eight o*clock. 

Gen. Viele at once entered upon the discharge 
of his duties. His first act was te issue the fol- 
lowing, which was freely posted and circulated 
throughout the town : 

NoBVOue, May 11, 1S6E. 
The occupancy of the cities of Norfolk and 
Portsmouth is for the protection of the pubHc 
laws and the maintenance of the public laws of 
the United States. Private associations and do- 
mestic quiet will not be disturbed, but violations 
of order and disrespect to the Government will 
be followed by the immediate arrest of the offend- 
ers. Those who have left their homes under an- 
ticipation of acts of vandalism may be assured 
that the Government allows no man the honor 
of serving in its armies, who forgets the duties 
of a citizen in discharging those of a soldier, and 
that no individual rights will be interfered with. 
The sale of liquor is prohibited. 

Egbert L. Yielx, 

Military Oovenior. 

Immediately after Gen. Wool left the City Hall, 
a laree concourse of citizens assembled around 
the City Hall and called loudly for a speech from 
the Mayor. 

Mayor Lamb came forward and addressed them 
briefly, confining himself mainly to a recital of 
the incidents of the day. He said he had noth- 
ing to do with deciding the result; that had been 
done by the superior authorities. The citizens 
of Norfolk had been deserted by their friends, 
and all the city authorities could do was to ob- 
tain the best terms possible for themselves and 
their property. H% was happy to assure them 



DOCUMBNTS. 



43 



(bat in this be had been successful The Com- 
mtnding Qcnenl of the United States troops had 
coDoeded e?er]rthing they had asked, and had 
gnKintesd the presenration of order. He en- 
joined upon the dtizens the maintenance of peace 
and quiet, and exhcnrted them to abstain from all 
acU of Tiolence and disorder. If the decision 
had rested with him, he would haye defended the 
dtj to the last man ; but their goTemment had 
decided differently, and they must yield to its 
authority. The Mayor's remarks were cheered 
by the crowd, who also gave three cheers for 
fMdent Dayis with a great deal of enthusiasm, 
and also responded with less heartiness to a de- 
mnd for three groans for Lincoln. 

Thus ends this day's work. It has been vigor- 
ous and effectual. The embarkation of the ex- 
pedition b^;an last night at four o'clock. It was 
haded upon a slightly known shore, without a 
whar^ early next Skv, Qen. Wool slept in Fort- 
ress tfonroe last night — marched with his troops 
some twenty miles, captured Norfolk, and was in 
bed again in his own quarters before midnigHt 

One of the neatest little exploits of the cam- 
paign was performed by Gapt Drake De Kay, of 
Gfin. Uansfield's 8ta£^ while awaiting the Gener- 
al's arriTal at a house called Moore's Ranche, a 
kind of summer hotel, kept by a man named 
Moore, at Ocean View, the place of debarkation. 
AH the white men and most of the women of 
this fictnity had fled — ^it was said by those they 
bad left behind, to the woods, to prevent being 
forced into the rebel service. Gapt De Kay, 
while sunper was being prepared, mounted his 
horse and determined to explore the country, fol- 
lowed only by bis n^;ro servant. As he was 
passing a swamp towajrd evening, he came sud- 
denly upon seven of the secession troops, who 
were lurking by the roadside, and were armed 
with double-barrelled guns. The Gaptain turned 
tod ihouted to his imaginary) company to pre- 
pare to charge, and then riding forward rapidly, 
reyolyer in hand, told the men they were his 
prisoners, as his cavalry would soon be upon 
them, ordered them to discharge their pieces and 
ddirer them to him, which they did without de- 
hj. He then informed them that his only 
^company" was his negro servant, and directed 
them to follow him into camp. An hour later, 
just after Gen. Wool had returned from Norfolk, 
the Captain rode to the beach and informed GoL 
Cram, as Ghief of the General's sta£^ that the 
Mren prisoners, whom he had marched to the 
beach, were at his disposal Their arms were 
taken away,, and on promising to take the oath of 
^egiance the men were at once dismissed. One 
of them proved to be Moore himself who came 
over to his house^ where he found half a dozen of 
us in full possession, and just preparing to dis- 
cuss a very comfortable supper which his colored 
cook had got ready for us. 

BALTniOllE "AMERICAN" ACCOUNT. 

JonkMBA MoSRO^ Max 9, 1802. 
Old Point this evening presents a very stirring 
spectacle. About a dozen steamers and trails- 



ports are loading with troops. They will land 
on the shore opposite the Rip Rap% and march 
direct on Norfolk. 

At the time I commence writing — ^nine o'clock 
P.M. — the moon shines so brightly that I am sit- 
ting in the open air, in an elevated position, and 
writing by moonlight The trMisports are gath« 
ering in the stream, and have on board artillery, 
cavwy, and infantry, and will soon be prepared 
to start The Rip Raps are pouring shot and 
shell into Sewell's Point and a bright light in the 
direction of Norfolk indicates that the work of 
destruction has commenced. 

President Lincoln, as Gommander-in-Ghief of 
the Army and Navy, is superintending the expe- 
dition himselC About six o'clock he went across 
to the place selected for landing, which is a mile 
below the Rip Raps. It is said he was the first 
man to step on shore, and after examining for 
himself the facilities for landing returned to the 
Point, where he was received with enthusiastic 
cheering by the troops who were embarking. 

The Merrimac still lies off Graney Island, and 
the Monitor has resumed her usual position. 
The fleet are floating quietly at their anchorage, 
ready at any moment for activity. It is evident 
that the finale of the rebellion, so far as Norfolk 
is concerned, is rapidly approaching. The gen- 
eral expectation is, that the troops now embar&ng 
will have possession of that city before to-morrow 
night 

Ten o'clock p.m. — ^The expedition has not yet 
started, the delay being caused by the time re- 
quired for storing the horses and cannon on the 
Adelaide. The batteries at the Rip Raps have 
stopped throwing shells, and all is quiet The 
scene in the Roads of the transports steaming 
about is most beautiful, presenting a panoramie 
view that is seldom witnessed. 

WiLLOVaiBTS POIHT, Vl., I 

Saturday Morning, Maj 10. f 

The troops left during the night, and at day- 
lieht could be seen fi*om the wharf landing at 
W illoughby Point, a short distance firom the Rip 
Raps. 

Through the influence of Secretary Stanton, I 
obtained this morning a permit to accompany 
Gen. Wool and Gen. Mansfield and their stafis to 
Willoughby's Point, on the steamer Kansas, and 
here I am on the sacred soil, within eight miles 
of Norfolk. The point at which we have landed 
is known as Point Pleasant^ one of the favorite 
drives from Norfolk. 

The first regiment landed was the Twentieth 
New- York, known as Max Weber's regiment, who 
pushed on immediatelv, under command of Gen. 
Weber, and were at eight o'clock in the morning 
picketed within five miles of Norfolk. 

The First Delaware, Golonel Andrews, pushed 
forward at nine o'clock, accompanied by Qen. 
Mansfield and Gen. Yiele and staff. They were 
soon followed by the Sixteenth Massachusetts, 
CoL Wyman. 

The remainder of the expedition consists of the 
Tenth New-York, GoL Bendix; the Fifty-eighth 
Pennsylvania, Golonel Bailey ; the Ninety-ninth 



44 



REBELUOK RSOORD, 1862. 



New-Tork, Coast Guards ; Major Dodgers bat- 
talion of mounted rifles ; and Gapt FoUett's 
company (D) of the Fourth regular artillery. 

Gen. Wool and staff remained to superintend 
the landing of the remainder of the force, all of 
whom were landed and off before noon. The 
President, accompanied by Secretary Stanton, 
accompanied Gen. Wool and staff to the whar( 
and then took a tug and proceeded to the Minne- 
sota, where the President was received by a na- 
tional salute. It is generally admitted that the 
President and Secretary have infused new rigor 
into both naval and military operations here. The 
President has declared Uiat Norfolk must fall, 
the Merrimac must succumb to the naval power 
of the Union, and that the Government property 
at Norfolk must be repossessed, at whatever cost 
it may require. 

The point at which we are landing, with the 
aid of a half-dozen canal-boats, furnishes quite a 
fine harbor, and the troops and horses are land- 
ing with great facility. The beach is fine and 
sloping, and a woods of thick cedar lines the 
shores. A good road starts from here direct to 
Norfolk, which is distant only seven miles, and 
at noon our infantry advance had accomplished 
half the distance without obstruction of any kind, 
where they halted for the amval of the artillery 
and cavalry. They will, of course, proceed more 
cautiously for the remainder of the route; but 
appearances would indicate that the evacuation of 
Norfolk is steadily progressing. 

I just learn that (Sml Max Weber has ad- 
vanced to within three miles of Norfolk without 
meeting with any serious opposition. At Tan- 
ner's Creek a small picket was stationed, with a 
howitzer, and a slight skirmish took place with- 
out any damage on either side. The rebels fled 
in great haste across the bridge, which they de- 
stroyed. Two prisoners were taken, who stated 
there would be no resistance at Norfolk, which 
was being evacuated, and that the determination 
was not to make the ^Mast ditch" at Norfolk. 
Fires were burning all around the country, prin- 
cipally the destruction of barracks and camps. 

FOBTRBS MovKOK, May 10, 1862. 

I have just returned firom Point Pleasant 
Large reinforcements of cavalry, infantry, and 
artillery are being sent over, and we will soon 
have quite a respectable force in the rear of Nor- 
folk to repulse the enemy if he should dispute 
the possession of the city. 

Whilst all these active movements are progress- 
ing toward Norfolk by the mainland, there is the 
utmost quiet observable on the sea side. The 
iron monster, the Merrimac, still remains moored 
under the shore of the Craney Island battery, and 
has not apparently budged a peg for the last 
twenty-four hours. The Monitor has also re- 
mained quietly all day at fict usual nncharngf* 
and our vessels of war. The quiet that now ' 
vails must, however, be the prelude to a si 
storm. lif Norfolk should bo evacu?** 
possessed by our troops, what will ^^ 
Merrimac ? If the troops sb 
and the Merrimac should f 



what will be the course of the Monitor and our 
fleet? Will they not follow the Merrimac aDd 
give her a fire in the rear ? 

NoiroLc. Soadaf , May 11, ISA 

Here I am in the city of Norfolk, over which 
floats the flag of the Union from the cupola of the 
Custom-House, which has been ^* repossessed and 
reoccupied" by the Government Prom the 
masts of five noble vessels-of-war, ranged around 
the harbor, floats the same beautiful banner, 
whilst the flag of Com. Goldsborough floats from 
the Susquehanna, which lies directly in the cen- 
tre of this line of marine architecture. The guns 
are protruding from the ports of their long line 
of wooden walls, which are flanked on the right bj 
the Monitor and the Naugatuck« which are moored 
in front of old Fort Norfolk. But I must proceed 
to give you a narrative as to how all these erentii 
originated. 

In my last letter I stated that a force had been 
landed at Point Pleasant, eight miles in the rear 
of Norfolk, under command of Major-Gen. Wool, 
with Brig. -Generals Mansfield, Max Weber, and 
Viele. The first division of the troops landed at 
the Point, (the Twentieth New- York, under Max 
Weber,) immediately started forward, accom- 
panied by the Independent Lowell artillery com- 
pany of Capt Davis, equipped and acting as in- 
fancy. They continued the advance for fire 
miles without any obstructions. On approaching 
the bridge over Tanner's Greek, the rebels re- 
treated across, set it on fire, and with three small 
howitzers opened a fire on our advance, which 
was returned with rifle^ without " aaybody be- 
ing hurt" on either side. The bridge being 
nearly a quarter of a mile long, so soon as it was 
in flames, and pursuit foiled, the rebels fled to- 
ward Norfolk. 

A halt was here ordered, and the men rested 
until Major-Gen. Wool and staff; with Gens. Viele 
and Mansfield, came up with Major Dodge's com- 
pany of mounted rifles, acting as the commanding 
Generars body-guard. A *' native," who was 
found on the road, was questioned as to the roads 
to Norfolk, and it was ascertained that the city 
could be reached by the Princess Anne road, 
around the head of Tanner^s Creek, by a march 
of eight miles. On obtaining this information, 
Gen. Wool ordered an advance, and, taking the 
head of the column, the veteran soldier, with 
Secretary Chase riding by his side as a volunteer 
aid, proceeded forward in line of march by the 
new route, sending skirmishers in advance. 

Nothing of interest occurred on the line of 
march until the troops reached within three miles 
of the city, when all the approaches were observed 
to be extensively fortified by lines of earthworks 
tax three miles in length, mounted with heavy 
iks could have been defended 
men against an army of forty 
4 nmn was found within these 
1 the guns were spiked. The 
. the.w works had mostly been 
jhnbly Laken to Norfolk. Gen. 
,rtit to en*-- " ** ' *^- the skir- 
jody-uui** Tool 



DOOUMENTSL 



45 



Shortly after passing these harmless obstruc- 
tions in their pathway, the line of inarch for the 
dtT was again taken up, the spires and prominent 
pomts of which could be occasionally seen through 
the thick foliage of the trees. When about a 
mile from the suburbs, Mayor Lamb, of Norfolk, 
accompanied by one of the city councilmen, ap- 
proached the advancing column, bearing a flag 
of truce, when a halt took place, 

The Mayor informed Gen. Wool that Qen. Ea- 
ger and the rebel troops had evacuated the city 
and restored the civil authorities ; that there were 
no troops at that time within some miles of Nor- 
folk or Portsmouth ; and that, under all circum- 
■tancea, he was prepared, on the part of the peo- 
ple, to give to the Federal troops quiet and pcMu^ 
able possession ; all that he asked in return was 
th&t private property should be respected, and 
peaceably disposed citizens allowed to follow 
their usual vocations. 

A halt was then called, and the men bivou- 
acked on the field for the night, outside of the 
limits of the city, and Gen. Wool, accompanied 
by Secretary Chase, and Gen. Yiele and his staff 
and mounted body-guard, with a corps of gentle- 
men of the press, advanced to the city with the 
Mayor, and found a large throng of citizens as- 
sembled at the Court-House. Here the Mavor 
stated to the people the subject of his interview 
with Gen. Wool, and repeated the assurance that 
he bad given him of protection to personal rights 
and private property. This assurance was re- 
ceiTed with cheers by the people — not very en- 
tfauaiastic, but nevertheless cheers. 

The harbor of Norfolk looked most beautiful, 
and the green foliage of the trees gave a summer 
aspect to the whole landscape, as we lay on the 
broad expanse of water between the two cities. 
Alter cruising about for some time among the 
fleet we landed at the wharf; and took a stroll 
through the city. It being Sunday, of course all 
places of business were closed, and the city pre- 
sented a quiet aspect The wharves were crowd- 
ed with blacks, male and female, and a goodly 
number of working people, with their wives and 
children, were strolling about Soldiers were 
stationed on the wharves, and picketed through 
the dty, whilst the flag of the Union floated in 
triumph from the cupola of the Custom-House. 
The houses through the city were generally closed, 
especially most of those of the wealthier classes. 

The President lay off in the steamer Baltimore 
lor about an hour in front of the city, and then 
steamed back to the Fortress. Secretary Chase 
returned with him, whilst Secretary Stanton re- 
mained until a late hour for consultation with 
Gen. Yiele and Gen. Wool. 

True to the spirit of secession, the fire, which 
threw a broad glare across the heavens on Satur- 
day night, pnx^eded firom the destruction of the 
Portsmouth navy-yard, which was done by order 
of the rebel commandant It is now almost a 
mass of ruins, scarcely anything being left but 
black walls and tall chimneys. Even the im- 
mense stone dry-dock, which cost nearly a million 
of dollara^ was mined and damaged, and it is said 



that the engine and pump belonging to it were 
removed to Richmond. 

Whilst the Union men of Norfolk are reserved 
and fearful, those of Portsmouth, on the contrary, 
gave the most enthusiastic testimony on Sunday 
in behalf of the faith that is in them. The de- 
struction of the navy-yard has given great dissat- 
isfaction, and as we steamed along the wharves 
quite a number of flags could be seen suspended 
from private residences. Small boys were parad- 
ing the streets with flags, evidently manufactured 
by their mothers, and there was every evidence 
that with a better supply of bunting there will 
be no lack of the disposition and determination 
to give it to the breeze. The possession of a con- 
cealed Federal flag was deemed an act of treason 
by the rebel authorities — ^all that could be found 
were destroyed ; hence the present scarcity among 
the people. 

While the navy-yard was being destroyed on 
Saturday night another party was engaged in 
going around and firing the shipping and steam- 
boats in the harbor. Among these was the Balti- 
more steamer William Selden, stolen at the com- 
mencement of the war, the Cayuga, the Pilot Boy, 
and other small craft There were also two iron- 
clad gunboats, which were unfinished, set on fire 
and floated over towards Norfolk, probably for 
the purpose of destroying the city. The firemen, 
however, towed them out and extinguished them. 

This work of destruction was accomplished on 
Saturday night, after the Federal troops had oc- 
cupied Norfolk; and the incendiaries could be 
seen moving about in the darkness, with their 
pitch-pine flambeaux, like so many diabolical visi- 
tants. The scene strongly reminded the specta- 
tor of the panorama of the burning of Moscow, 
and with the immense flame that it threw forth 
made the scene one of terrible grandeur. 

LETTER fROSf GENERAL WOOU 

In a private letter to a friend' in New-York, 
Gen. Wool wrote : 

The whole affair of the capture of Norfolk was 
done in twenty-seven hours. My course was by 
water twelve miles, and by land thirty-six, on 

horseback. My fnend D will tell you I am 

a bird rider. I do not think he will care to ride 
with me again to Hampton and back. 

I found by examination, on Friday morning, 
that I could land troops without much trouble at 
Ocean View, six miles from Fortress Monroe. 
The Secretary of the Treasury, Mr. Chase, and 
my aid-de-camp. Col. Cram, were with me. We 
returned to the fort at two o*clock. I immedi- 
ately organized a force of less than six thousand 
men, and embarked them during the night under 
the direction of Col. Cram. 

The Colonel constructed a bridge of boats, and 
landed the troops at the point named early on 
Saturday morning. As fast as they could form, 
I put them in motion for Norfolk. Our route 
was by the New Bridge. On approaching the 
bridge the troops were fired on from a battery of 
three six-pounders. 

The necessary halt enabled the enemy to fire 



46 



REBELLION BXOORD, 1861. 



the bridge. At this moment I arrived at the 
head of the column, and br a countermarch pro> 
ceedcd by the old road to Norfolk, where I arrived 
safe at five o^dock, when the liCavor and Common 
Council met me and surrendered the city. 

The enemy, three thousand strong, with Gen. 
Huger, had fled but a short time before my ar- 
rival. 

The intrenchments through which I passed 
had twenty-one guns mounted, which, property 
manned, might have made an effective dcrfence. 

I turned the command over to Brig. -Gen. Viele, 
and appointed him Military Governor of the city, 
and then returned to the Fort and reported to the 
President and Secretary of War. 

I think it a fair inference that the occupation 
of Norfolk caused the blowing up of the '^ dreaded 
Merrimac," and thus secured to us the finee use 
of the James River. The army may, therefore, 
claim at least some share of this much-desired 
naval success. 

I have given you a hasty sketch of this move- 
ment, thinking it would be interesting to my 
friends in New- York. 

In great haste, most truly yours, 

JoHH E. Wool. 



Doc. 12. 



THB DESTRUCTION OF THE MERRIMAC. 

OWnCHAL BIPOBT OV COMMODOBE TATNALU 

SiOBnm,ltagrl4,18a. 

Sir: In detailing to you the circumstances 
which caused the destruction of the confederate 
States steamer Virginia, and her movements a 
few days previous to that event, I l>egtn with 
your telegraphic despatches to me of the fourth 
and fifth instant, directing me to take such a 
position in the James River as would entirely 
prevent the enemy's ascending it 

pen. Huger, commanding at Norfolk, on learn- 
ing that I Imd received this order, called on me 
and declared that its execution would oblige him 
to abandon immediately his forts on Craney Is- 
land, at SewelFs Point, and their guns to the 
enemy. I informed him that, as the order was 
imperative, I must execute it, but stated that he 
should tel^raph you and state the consequences. 
He did so, and on the sixth instant you tele- 
graphed me to endeavor to afford protection to 
Norfolk as well as the James River, which re- 
placed me in my original position. I then ar- 
ranged with the General that he should notify 
me when his preparations for the evacuation of 
Norfolk were sufficiently advanced to enable me 
to act independently. 

On the seventh instant Com. Hollins reached 
Norfolk, with orders from you to communicate 
with me and sudi officers as I might select in re- 
gard to the best disposition tcr be made of the 
Virginia, under the present aspect of things. 

We had arranged the conference for the next 
day, the eighth; but, on that day, before the 
hour appointed ihe enemy attadced the SewaU's 



Point battery; and I left immediately with the 
Virginia to defend it 

We K)und six of the enemy's vessels, including 
the iron-clad steamers Monitor and Naogatuck, 
shelling the battery. We passed the btttery, 
and stood directly for the enemy^ for the pnrpoie 
of engaging him, and I thought an action oertaio, 
partieulariy as the Minnesota and Vanderbii^ 
which were anchored below Fortress Monroe, got 
under way and stood up to that point apparently 
with the intention of joining their squadron in 
the Roads. Before, however, we got within gun- 
shot, the enemy ceased firing, and retired with 
all speed under the protection of the guns of the 
fortress, followed by the Virginia, until the shells 
from the Rip Raps pissed over her. 

The Virginia was then placed at her moorings 
near Sewell's Point, and I returned to Norfolk to 
hold the conference referred to. 
It was held on the ninth, and the officers pres* 

sent were, Col. Anderson and Capt ^ of 

the army, selected by Gen. Huger, who was too 
unwell to attend himself; and of the navy, mj- 
sel^ Com. HoUins, and Capts. Sterrett and Lm, 
Commander Richard L. Jones, and Lienta Ap 
Catesby Jones and J. Pembroke Jones. 

The opinion was unanimous that the Virginia 
was then employed to the best advantage, and 
that she should continue, for the present, to pro* 
tect Norfolk, and thus afford time to remove the 
public property. 

On the next day, at ten o^dock a.m., we obserred 
from the Virginia that the flag was not flying on 
the SewelFs Point battery, and iStuA it appMred 
to have been abandoned. I despatched Lieut J. 
P. Jones, the Flag-Lieutenant, to Graney Island, 
where the confederate flag was still flying, and 
he there learned that a large force of the eoemy 
had landed on Bay Shore, and were marching 
rapidly on Norfolk ; that SewelFs J^oint battery 
was abandoned, and our troops were retreating. 
I then despatched the same officer to Norfolk, to 
confer with Gen. Huger and Capt Lee. He fouad 
the navy-vard in flames, and that all its officers 
had left by railroad. On readiing Norfolk he 
found that Gen. Huger and all the other officers 
of the army had also left, that the enemy were 
within half a mile of the city, and that the Mayor 
was treating for its surrender. 

On returning to the ship, he found that Craney 
Island and all the other batteries on the river had 
been abandoned. 

It was now seven o'clock in the evening, and 
this unexpected confirmation rendered prompt 
measures necessary for the safety of the Viiginia 
The pilots had assured me that they could take 
the ship, with a draft of eighteen feet, to within 
forty miles of Richmond. 

This the chief pilot, Mr. Parrish, and his chief 
assistant, Mr. Wright, had asserted s^ain and 
again ; and on the afternoon of the seventh, in 
my cabin, in the presence of Com* HoUins and 
Capt Sterrett, in reply to a question of mine, 
they both emphatically declared their ability to 
do sa 
Confiding in these assurances, and, after ooo 



DOOUMBMVa 



47 



nltiog with the first and flag-lieutetuuitB, and 
Icming that the officers generally thought it the 
HMt iodicioas course, I determined to lighten 
tbe ship at once, and ran up the rirer for the 
protecdon of Richmond. 

All hands having been called on deck,' I stated 
to them the condition of things, and my hope 
that, by getting up the rlyer before the enemj 
oouM be made aware of our designs, we might 
aptare his vessels which had ascended it, and 
nndo^ efficient aid in the defence of Richmond ; 
bttt that to effect this would require all thefar en- 
0^ in lightening the ship. They replied with 
three cheers, and went to work at once. The 
pilots were on deck and heard this address to the 
tttw. 

Bong (joite unweU, I had retired to bed. Be- 
tween one and two o*ck>ck in the morning the 
fiict licatenant reported to me that, after the 
cmr had worked for fiye or six hours, and lifted 
t)ie ship 90 as to Tender her unfit for action, the 
pilots had declared their inability to carry eight- 
een feet abore the Jamestown Flats, up to which 
point the shore on each side was occupied by the 
enemj. 

On demanding finom the chief pilot, Mr. Par- 
nsb, an explanation of this palpable deception, 
h itpUed that eighteen feet could be carried 
titer the prevalence of easterly winds, and that 
tbe wind for the last two days had been westerljr. 

I had no time to lose. The ship was not m 
condition for battle, even with an enemy of equal 
foite, and their force was overwhelming. I 
therdbre determined, with the concurrence of the 
first and flag-lieutenants, to save the crew for fu- 
tnre senrioe by landing them at Graney Island, 
^ onlv road for retreat open to us, and to de- 
strojr tLe ship, to prevent her fidling into the 
iMkdaof the enemy. I may add that, although 
wA fonoally consisted, the course was approved 
by eTeiy oommiastoned officer in the ship. 

There is no Assenting opinion. The ship was 
*«oordingly put on shore as near the mainland in 
tb Tieinity of Graney Island as possible, and the 
cKw landed. She was then fired, and after 
Owning fiercely fore and aft for upward of an 
bour, blew up a little before five on the morning 
of the eleventh. 

We marehed fbr Suffolk, twenty*two miles, 
«Mi reached it in the evening, and firom thence 
cuna bj railroad to this city. 

It will be asked what motives the pilots could 
^» had to deceive me. The only imaginable 
^ is that they wished to avoid going into battle. 

Had the ship not have been lifted so as to ren- 
^ her unfit for action, a desperate contest must 
^n ensued with a force against us too great 
to justiry much hope of success, and as bat&e is 
^ their oocupatioti, they adopted this deceitfhl 
<^Hzne to avoid it I cannot imagine another 
^^▼e, for I had seen no reason to distrust their 
good &ith to the Confederacy. 

Kf acknowledgments are due to the First 
Liatenant, Ap Catesby Jones, for his untbing ex- 
ertions and for the aid he rendered me in all 
^^p. The detaik for firing for the ship and 



landing the crew were left to him, and everything 
was conducted with the most perfect order. 

To the other officers of the ship, generally, I 
am also thankftd for the great zeal they displayed 
throughout 

The Yiiginia no longer exists, but three hun- 
dred brave and skilful officers and seamen are 
saved to the Confederacy. 

I presume that a Court of Inquuy will be or- 
dered to examine into all the circumstances I 
have narrated, and I earnestly solicit it Public 
opinion will never be put right without it 

I am, sir, with great respect, your oVt servant, 
JosiAH Tatnall,' 
Flag'Ofleey Ownmandlng, 

Hon. S. R. Mailort, 

Secretary of Mary. 

wannsQB oi tb» cauvr of inquxrt. 

0. 8L Natt DaPAmmr, Riomom, Jobo 11. 

The Court of Inquiry convoked by the order of 
this Department of the twentieth ultimo, whereof 
French Forrest, Captain in the navy of the con- 
federate States, is president, and which court 
convened at the dty of Richmond on the twenty- 
second day of May, 1862, to investigate and " in- 
quire into the destruction of the steamer Virginia, 
and report the same, together with their opinion 
as to the necessity of destroving her, and particu- 
larly whether any, and what disposition could 
have been nuule of the vessel," have foiftad as 
follows : 

The court, having heard the statement read 
submitted bv Flag-Officer Tatnall, was cleared 
for deliberation, and, after mature consideraUon, 
adopted Uie following report : 

The court, after a fhll and careful examination 
and investigation of the evidence connected with 
the destruction by fire of the confederate States 
Steamer Viiginia, on the morning of May eleventh, 
1862, near Craney Island, respectfully report that 
it was effected by the order and under the super- 
vision of Flag-Officer Tatnall, after her draft had 
been reduced to twenty feet six inches, and on 
the representations of the pilots that in conse- 
quence of recent prevalent westerly winds, she 
could not be taken with a draft of eighteen feet 
as high as Westover, near Harrison's Bar, in 
James River, (whither he designed to take her,) 
which they previously stated they could do. 

1. The destruction of the Virginia was, in the 
opinion of the court, unnecessary at the time 
and place it was effected. 

2. It being clearly in evidence that Norfolk 
being evacuated, and Flag-Officer Tatnall having 
been instructed to prevent the enemy fi"om as- 
cending James River, the Vhrginia, with very little 
more, if any, lessening of draft, after lightening 
her to twentv feet six inches aft, with her iron 
sheathing still extending three feet under water, 
could have been taken up to Hog Island in James 
River, (where the channel is narrow,) and could 
then have prevented the larger vesseLj and trans 
ports of the enemy ttom ascending. The court 
IS of opinion that such disposition ought to have 
been made of her, and if it should be ascertained 
that her .provisions could have been replenished 



46 



REBELLION REOOBB, 1862. 



when those on hand were exhausted, then the 
proper time would have arriyed to take into con- 
sideration the expediency or practicability of strik- 
ing a last blow at the enemy or destroying her. 

In conclusion, the court is of opinion that the 
eyacuation of Norfolk, the destruction of the 
Nayy-Yard and other public property, added to 
the hasty retreat of the military under General 
Huger, ieaying the batteries unmanned and un- 
protected, no doubt conspired to produce in the 
minds of the ofBcers of the Virginia the necessity 
of her destruction at the time, as, in their opinion, 
the only means left of preyenting her firom falling 
into the hands of the enemy ; and seems to haye 
precluded the consideration of the possibility of 
getting her up James Riyer to the point or points 
indicated. 

The Court of Inquiry, of which Captain F. 
Forrest is president, is hereby dissoWed. 

S. R. Hallort, 

Secretary of the Nary. 



Doc. 18. 
THE EVACUATION OF PENSACOLA. 

OOH. PORTER'S OFFICIAL REPORT. 

U. 8. BnAMsa HiBiar Tjavb, ) 
PxmAOOLi, Umj 10, 1868. f 

SiR4 On the seyenth instant I left Ship Island, 
with the steamers belonging to the mortar flotilla 
and the Sachem, for Mobile Bar, for the purpose 
of fixing on a place for the mortar yessels to lie, 
and to plant buoys for the ships to run in by 
when they should arriye. Great excitement 
seemed to exist within the forts on the appear- 
ance of our steamers. I haye reason to think 
that Fort Gaines was eyacuated, and some were 
of opinion that the troops were leaving Fort Mor- 
gan, but I think that they were reenforcing it 
from Fort Gaines. 

One of our steamers, the Clifton, got ashore 
under the guns of Fort Morgan, which opened 
fire on her, and when they had cot her range 
beautifully, and were throwing uxe shot oyer, 
they stopped firing. Lieut Commanding Bald- 
win went to work coolly, and got his yessel off 
just as I sent him assistance, and while I had to 
coyer him from Commander Randolph's gunboats, 
which were contemplating an attack on him. 
Thinking better of it, the Commodore went up to 
Mobile. 

The weather being bad, I sent the steamers 
back to Ship Island, and staid myself to relieye 
Lieut Commanding Febi^cr, while he went to 
Ship Island to coal. I cruised that night in shore 
to tne eastward. In hopes of picking up some yes- 
sel trying to run the blockade. 

At two A.M., a brilliant light illuminated the 
sky, and I discoyered that the Nayy-Yard at 
PensacoU, Fort McRea, the Nayal Hospital, War- 
rington, and some parts of Pensacola, were in 
flames. Fort Pickens, bombarding with shell, 
wo stood for, and when light would permit, en- 
tered the harbor of Pensacola. I found all the 
aboye-mentioned places burning fiercely, and 



mostly in ashes. Without communicating with 
the Fort, I proceeded to the town of Pensacola, 
where I found that Gen. Arnold had idready sent 
Capt Jackson, of the army, in the schooner Wood, 
to call upon the town to surrender. I sent for 
the Mayor on board the Harriet Lane, who prom* 
ised that the citizens would behaye themselves 
peacefully. 

I found that the rebels eyacuated the place on 
hearing that our steamers, the day before, were 
going to run into Mobile Bay, and the squadron 
and mortar flotilla would soon follow them. A 
thousand rebels were encamped fiye miles out- 
side of Mobile. They had destroyed eyerythiog 
that time would permit Fort Barrancas, the 
Marine Barracks, Muster-Office in the yard, one 
new stone building, the smithery, I belieye, and 
the shears, are still in a fair state of presenratioo. 
The yard was so hot that I did not go into it 

Gen. Arnold haying no steamer at command, 
and no means of transportation, I placed the 
Harriet Lane at his seryice, and at three o'clock 
had four hundred men, two pieces of artilleiy, 
and horses and some luggage-carts on the other 
side, when the troops took possession and hoisted 
once more the United States flag on the forts and 
Nayy-Yard so long occupied by the rebels. 

We land nine hundred more men on the other 
side to-night, when I shall proceed to hunt up 
some steamers for Gen. Arnold to keep open 
communication between the United States troops 
and to coyer them if attacked. He is without 
any sup^rt of this kind, so necessary to a gen- 
eral in his position. DAyin D. Porter, 

Oomuuadlog notiHa. 

Hon. GiDBON Welles, 

of NaTjr. 



BOSTON •JOURNAL* ACCOUNT. 

About half-past eleyen o'clock on the night of 
the ninth of May, the garrison of Pickens and 
the troops encamped on the island were startled 
by the report of two hundred muskets, which the 
rebel picket-guard on the opposite shore fired in 
rapid succession. These were followed by two 
yoUeys of musketry, when signaUlights were sent 
up from McRae to PensacoU, and the work of 
destruction commenced. The rebels set fire to 
the combustible material in the water>battery be- 
low McRae, and immediately after flames burst 
out from that Fort^ the Light-House, the Marine 
Hospital, and the Nayy-Yanl ; the yillages of War- 
rineton and Woolsey, all the buildings between 
McRae and the yard, and from an extensiye oil- 
factory in the outskirts of Pensacola. The van- 
dals had made eyery preparaUon for the execu- 
tion of their infamous design, intending to make 
a clean sweep of eyerything that had the stamp 
U. S. upon it, as well as the town of Pensacola 
itself and all the confederate steamers which 
they could not remoye beyond our reach. 

When the sentinels discharged their pieces, the 
officers at Santa Rosa thought the confederates 
had |;ained a yictory, and took this method to 
manifest their joy. But when the flames leaped 
up at all the well-known points, within a radius 
ten miles, their doubts were quickly dispelled, 



DOOUMBNTSb 



4$ 



and the trath flashed upon their minda as the 
gans— left loaded and spiked in the forts and bat- 
toies, heated by the flames — went off one after 
another, keeping up a brisk cannonade along the 
entire fine of defence. By the light of the con- 
flagration the rebels were seen running along the 
beach, carrying torches, with which they were 
firing every thing that fell in their way — barracks, 
officers* quarters, wharves, the buildings in the 
KaTy-Yard, and the frame of the ship Fulton, on 
the stocks. 

The facts being reported to Gen. Arnold, the 
commander of Fort Pickens, he immediately or- 
dered the beat of the **long roll,*' and opened a 
tremendous cannonade from the barbette-guns 
and the water-batteries aboTcr^the Fort, for the 
purpose of compelling the rebels to abandon their 
wnk of destruction and hasten the evacuation 
of the pUce. The firing was kept up five hours 
with the desired effect The enem^ were driven 
from the fortifications, and in their haste to es- 
cape, abandoned and left standing their camp, 
near the house of Gen. Chase, between the Light- 
house and Barrancas. Their tents and a large 
amount of equipments were secured. By this 
prompt and decisive action of Gen. Arnold the 
designs of the traitors were in a measure frus- 
tratoi, and -the result of the conflagration was 
not 80 disastrous as fix>m its magnitude was at 
first apprehended. 

Soon as the rebels had been dispersed. Gen. 
Arnold sent an oflScer to the blockading schooner 
Uaria J. Wood, then lying off Fort Pickens, re- 
questing the commanaer to come into the bay, 
which he did, being the first vessel that has 
passed under the guns of McRae and Barrancas 
lor twelve months. The schooner proceeded up 
to the city of Pensacola, taking Gapt R. H. Jack- 
100, aid^e-camp to General Arnold, and A. A. 
General, who was charged with a demand for the 
unconditional surrender of the place. He land- 
ed, and was met by about one hundred and fifty 
people, and who, with one single exception, man- 
ifested unbounded joy at the arrival of a repre- 
sentative of the United States authority. He 
found the wharves in flimes, and directed the 
people to extinguish them. They promptly re- 
q)onded to his request — ^the negroes emulating 
the example of the white people, and chanting : 
** Dey have come at last, dey have come at last" 
Capt Jackson proceeded to the house of Mayor 
Bobee, discovering as he went that the town ap- 
peared deserted, grass growing in the streets, and 
ererything wearing a sad and forsaken appear- 
ance: 

Upon the appearance of the Mayor, he made 
file demand for an unconditional surrender of the 
town and its defences; to which demand the 
Major said he complied to the extent of his au- 
thoritv, and added: "The confederates had so 
long held sway there, and usurped the power 
which rightfully belonged to the municipal au- 
thorities, that he did not know really how much 
suthority he had left** On returning to his ves- 
»d, Capt Jackson was told that the confederates 
had attempted to excite the fears of the people 
Vou v.— Doc. 4t 



by telling them : ** As soon as the Yankees came 
the^ would be let loose upon them to outrage 
their women, pUl^ge their bouses, and destroy 
their property." The people, however, were not 
at all apprehensive after having seen the invaders, 
who received assurances from all sides that their 
presence was acceptable to the masses. Capt 
Jackson was informed that three*' or four compa- 
nies of cavalry were picketed some three or four 
miles from Pensacola, on the road to Mobile, and 
subsequently learned that there were one thou- 
sand dragoons. The rebels burned two steam- 
ers, the Bradford and NeiflSe lying at Pensacola, 
but succeeded in escaping up the bay with the 
old Time, a light-draught steamer, which made 
such a flight from the Navy-Tard, January first, 
when Pickens wished a party of drunken excur- 
sionists a " happy New Year." 

The wharves at Pensacola are but slightly 
damaged, Long Wharf being the principal sufferer. 
By the surrender of the town, Gen. Artu>ld se- 
cured between six and seven thousand feet of 
lumber. An extensive oil-factory in the outskirts 
of Pensacola, containing fifteen thousand dollars' 
worth of oil, was entirely destroyed, to prevent 
its falling into the hands of the Umonists. While 
the oonflagration was at its height, the steamer 
Harriet Lane, with Commander Porter, of the 
mortar flotilla, on board, was running down the 
coast from Mobile. The unusual and startling 
appearance of the sky indicated that something 
of a serious nature was transpiring, and Capt 
Wainwright steamed into Pensacola Harbor. 

Capt Porter, being desirous of cooperating 
with Gen. Arnold in reestablishing the dignity 
and enforcing the laws of the Unit^ States over 
this important position, despatched the following 
letter to his Honor the Mayor of Pensacola : 

UamD SiAtB SnAim Hjoaumt La«% ) 
PBtSAOOLA, May 10, 1868. f 

Sir : I wish to confer with the authorities of 
this place, whoever they may be, civil or military^ 
in regard to preserving good order in case th»re 
should be any disposition to commit excesses on 
unoffencUng and loyal citizens, and I wish to ob- 
tain information relating to late events and the 
destruction of public property. I take this op- 
portunity to say that any abusive or disrespect- 
ful conduct, from mobs or other parties in this 
town, towards the persons belonging to the naval 
vessels of the United States, will be treated as an 
inimical act, and will be resented as if it was as- 
sault and battery. No ono need fear any inter- 
ference with their rights or property as long as 
they conform to eood order. 

y ery respectfully, your obedient servant, 

David D. Poktrii, 
Oommanding MorUr flottBiL. 

The Mayor replied that he had received the* 
communication, and would be pleased tn confee- 
with Commander Porter on board the Harriok 
Lane, at his earliest convenience. He did sain 
the course of the morning. The interview failed 
to be productive of any oonsiderable profit or Vh 
couragement to the naval commander* 

The arrival of the Hanriet Lwae was moot o^ 



BO 



REBELLION RECORD, 1862. 



portune. Her services were immediately offered 
to Gen. Arnold, to transport troops to the main 
land, and she was thus employed all day yester- 
day and this forenoon. Ahout twelve hwidred 
troops, together with a large amount of light ar- 
tillery, siege-guns, ammunition, camp equipage, 
horses and supplies, have been conveyed across 
the channel, and are now actively employed in 
establishing themselves upon the ^* sacred soil." 
They have thrown up defences, planted cannon, 
and taken every measure to prevent a surprise, in 
case the enemy should attempt to repossess the 
forts, of which, however, there is not the slight- 
est fear. The confederates have abandoned Flo- 
rida, and I doubt if five hundred rebel soldiers 
can be found in the State to-daj. 

Last evening, Lieut L. L. cfames, Second ar- 
tillery, of Gen. Amold*s staff, with a boat^s crew, 
crossed the channel to Fort McRae. Lieut James 
raised the Stars and Stripes on the staff where the 
confederate rag has so long hung. A salute was 
fired in honor of the old ensign, and three cheers 

flven for the Union and three for the flag. The 
ort presented a sad spectacle of charred and 
smoking timbers, blackened walls and demolished 
masonry. The timber-flooring in all the case- 
mates, which had sustained the upper tier of 
guns, was entirely consumed, as were the gates 
of the main nalle porte^ and the timbers of the 
blindages. Only three pieces of ordnance remain- 
ed in the Fort— two thirty-two pounders, from one 
of which a shot had been discharged during the 
conflacjation, and the casemate howitzer, both 
spiked and dismounted. In the land-battery ad- 
Joining the Fort were found two pieces of peculiarly 
constructed rebel artillery, of the usual inoffen- 
sive character, but which occupied the places of 
two heavy rifled cannon which had been removed. 
The *' Quakers ** were the merest shams — not 
logs, but constructed of two wooden wheels for 
muzzle and breech, wooden sUts forming the 
body of the piece. 

The light-house was set on fire, but onl^ slight- 
ly injured. Fort Barrancas sustained little in- 
jury from the vandals, owing to the incessant 
shower of grape poured into that work from Fort 
Pickens. It was damaged more by the bombard- 
ment of December and January than by the reb- 
els, but still is in excellent condition. The re- 
doubt is untouched. Casemates in the counter- 
scarp gallery, in the old Spanish battery, and the 
redoubt in the rear of Fort Barrancas, are unin- 
jured. Barrancas Barracks, an immense pile on 
the right of the Fort, escaped the torch of the 
incendiaries ; but the magnificent naval hospital, 
said to be the finest structure of the kind in the 
United States, lies a mass of smouldering ruins. 
It was behind this hospital that Bragg had a 
heavy mortar battery during the first bombard- 
ment, and shielded fi-om the fire of Pickens by 
the humane folds of the yellow flag which floated 
over the hospital, he kept up an incessant fire 
upon the Federal garrison. So general was the 
ruin of the towns of Woolsey and Warrington 
from the two booibardments, that there seemed 

it little remaining to feed the confiagration. 



No minute examination has been made of these 
villages, but it is reported that neither of them 
has suffered severely by the evacuation. 

The Navy- Yard presents a scene of ruin and 
desolation. Smoke and flames still rise from the 
burning timbers of the extensive store-houses, 
work-shops, and the wharves, all of which are 
destroyed. The skeleton fi^me of the old Fulton 
has vanished into thin air, and the stocks where 
she stood so long are now an ash-heap. The 
splendid granite dock appears to be unharmed, 
and its wooden duplicate lies a wreck under 
Deer Island. The shears are standing in the 
yard. The foundry-building and the blacksmith- 
shop are safe, and the tall chimney still erect 
The rebels made every preparation to bum the 
Custom-House, but were probably driven away bj 
the fire from Fort Pickens, as it is uninjured. 
All the government buildings outside the yard 
were burned. 

The rebels removed all the heavy oolumbiada 
from the forts and batteries, but left many forty- 
two-pounders. When the fire broke out, twen^ 
guns were seen in position from Fort Pickens. 

The rebels left the keys of the magazines of 
McRae and Barrancas, and of the gates of the 
latter Fort, han^ng against the walls outside, as 
if to invite their successors to walk in and take 
possession. But our troops were not to be caught 
with that chaff The disposition of the keys had 
too much the appearance of a sinister design; 
and with a wariness which marks the true sol- 
dier, when venturing into the enemy's country, 
they avoided the trap which may have been laid 
to blow them up, and instead of entering the 
Fort by the main passage, they scaled the walla 
The magazines of both forts will be excavated, 
in order to ascertain if the rebels left any infernal 
mechanism by which to destroy the Federals. 

Bragg took away with him, in march, a \ar^ 
rifled cannon and ten-inch columbiad, whidi 
constituted the light-house battery. The arma- 
ments of the different batteries and forts at Pen- 
sacola at the time of the bombardment, as near 
as it can be ascertained, were as follows : There 
were forty-two guns on the island on which Fort 
McRae is situated, including the armament of that 
work and the wat^r-batteries. There was a bat- 
tery of two ten-inch mortars, and another of two 
ten-inch columbiads, just above the residence of 
GoL Ghase, which also mounted between them 
three forty-twos and two eight-inch guns. Tlie 
light-house battery, rendered famous by the de- 
structive fire it poured into Pickens during the 
January bombardment, remains intact The 
guns have been removed. In the rear of the 
light-house was a mortar, supposed to be a ten- 
inch sea-coast 

There were four batteries between the light- 
house and Barrancas, which mounted seven forty- 
twos and five eight-inch columbiads. Between 
Fort Barrancas and the barracks were foiv forty- 
twos in two batteries, which are still there, be- 
sides four ten-inch columbiads, which had been 
removed. Next to the hospital battery, to which 
I have referred, were four eight-inch columbiads, 



DOCUMENTS. 



51 



which did not open fire. Next in order was 
Wheet*8 battery, consisting of two ten-inch co- 
lumbi&ds and tluiee thirtj-twos ; Churches bat* 
terj, with one ten-inch and two smaller guns. 
There was a ten-inch columbiad mounted on a 
point in the Nary- Yard, and batteries of unknown 
number and strength lined the shore from the 
yard to Pensacola. At the mouth of Big Bayou 
there were two ten-inch and several smaller guns 
mounted. Nearly all the heavy guns used here 
were transfwrted from Norfolk, after the seizure 
of that place by the rebels. 

IfOBIUB "BTCI8CER* AOOOTTNT. 

PunAOOLA, Vmj 10, ISeL 
The scenes of last night closed the long cam- 
ptign of Pen8acol»--of its history you are suffi- 
dently &miliar. The order for the destruction 
of the Warrington Navy-Yard, and all public 
property at that place and Pensacola that could 
not be moved, was successfully carried into exe- 
cution at the Yard and Pensacola. 

About half-past eleven o'clock, the signal being 
given by Brig. -Gen. Thomas Jones, in an instant 
the torch was applied at every point, and in a few 
minutes the whole works, gun-carriages, etc., in 
Ports Barrancas and McRae, and the hospitals, 
together with all the other buildings in the Navy- 
Ttfd proper, in the villages of Woolsey and War- 
rington, were in flames. 

At the same instant the torch was applied to 
the oil-&ctory and all the government buildings 
in the dty of Pensacola, and to the steamers at 
the wharL The scene was grand, thrilling and 
sobiimeL The bay was as light as mid-day, while 
the murky clouds overhead reflected back an ap- 
parently liquid sea of fire. Fort Pickens could 
be plainly seen, and its garrison seemed to have 
suddenly arou^sd, astounded and surprised. In 
a short while, however, Pickens opened with shot 
and shell Our boys, not relishing the compli- 
ments, instantly returned it from one or two 
imooth-bore forty-fours and thirty-twos, which 
quickly cleared the ramparts of Pickens of all 
ag^t-seera. Whether anybody was "hurt" is 
not known. Pickens seemed to be, and must 
have been, perfectly ignorant of our movements, 
and from the heaviness of its fire, was in a par- 
oxysm of wrath and rage. 

The task of dismantling the forts and batteries, 
and the removal of evervthing worth transport- 
ing; even to small bits of copper and lead, in the 
feec and very teeth of an enemy, was one of a 
most difficult and delicate nature. This has been 
most admirably executed by Gen. Jones. The 
Federals can now take possession of an inhospit- 
able sand-beach. 

About half-past seven o'clock in the morning a 
Federal sailing schooner ran up within about 
half a mile of the city, and sent a boat on shore 
with a flag of truce. The Federal officer was 
more anxious to find out what was going on and 
obtain information than anything else, for the 
manner in which he sailed up the bay was very 
cautious and prudent, as though he expected a 
rebel ruse and the destruction of the property 



the night before had merely been done to catch 
him and his little schooner. 

He was promptly rebuked by a confederat* 
officer, who was standing near by unofficially, 
by being told that he had no right to ask such 
questions under a flag of truce ; a very proper 
rebuke, which the Federal officer seemed, for a 
rarity, to feel and appreciate. 

The interview alluded to above was with Mayor 
Bobc. The surrender of the city was demanded 
and promptly refused The Mayor was told that 
the city would be occupied during the day by 
the Federals, and that the people need not be 
alarmed, as they would be protected In the 
boat's crew two deserters were identified. 

The city is generally deserted, but few people 
remaining. The track of the railroad is torn up 
and the iron removed. The telegraph-offioe is 
closed and the wire removed 



Doa 14. 



OPENING OF SOUTHERN PORTS. 

PBBSIDKNT UNOOLITS PROCLAMATION. 

Whbbeas, By my Proclamation of the nine- 
teenth of April, one thousand eight hundred and 
sixty-one, it was declared that Uie ports of cer- 
tain States, induding those of Beaufort, in the 
SUte of North-Carolina, Port Royal, in the State 
of South-Carolina, and New-Orleans, in the State 
of Louisiana, were, for reasons therein set forth, 
intended to be placed under blockade ; and where- 
as the said ports of Beaufort, Port Royal, and 
New-Orleans have since been blockaded ; but as 
the blockade of the same ports may now be safe- 
ly relaxed with advantage to the interests of com- 
merce, 

Now, therefore, be it known that I, Abbahah 
Lincoln, President of the United States, pursu- 
ant to the authority in me vested by the fifth sec- 
tion of the act of Congress, approved on the thir- 
teenUi of July last, entitled, ^^ An act further to 
provide for the collection of duties on imports, 
and for other purposes," do hereby declare that 
the blockade of the said ports of Beaufort, Port 
Royal, and New-Orleans shall so far cease and 
determine, firom and after the first day of June 
next, that commercial intercourse with those 
ports, except as to persons and things and inform- 
ation contraband of war, may, firom that time, 
be carried on, subject to the laws of the United 
States, and to the limitations and in pursuance 
of the regulations which are prescribed by the 
Secretary of the Treasury in his order of this 
date, which is appended to this Proclamation. 

In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my 
hand and* caused the seal of the United SUtes to 
be affixed. 

Done at the City of Washington, this 

twelfth day of May, in the year of our 

P -, Lord one thousand eight hundred and 

I- -^ sixty-two, and of the Independence of 

the United States the eighty-sixth. 

Abbahak Lcncolh. 

WlLLL4M H. SbWABD, 

^ Socretery of SMttfli 



52 



BEBELUON BKCORD, 186S. 



TBKASUBT DSPABTMXNT CIRCULAB. 

TwuMumr Dbpastmot, May 19, IMS. 

Regulations relating to trade with' ports opened 
by proclamation : 

Firnt To Vessels clearing from foreign ports 
and destined to ports opened by the proclamation 
of the President of the United States of this date, 
namely : Beaufort, in North-Carolina, Port Royal, 
in South-Carolina, and New-Orleans, in Louis- 
iana. Licenses will be granted by consuls of the 
United States upon satisfactory evidence that the 
Tessels so licensed will convey no person, prop- 
erty, or information contraband of war either to 
or from the said ports ; which licenses shall be 
exhibited to ^e collector of the port to which 
said vessels may be respectively bound, immedi- 
ately on arrival, and if required, to any officer in 
charge of the blockade ; and on leaving either of 
the said ports every vessel will be required to 
have a clearance from the collector of the cus- 
toms according to law, showing that there has 
been no violation of the conditions of the license. 
Any violation of tiie said conditions will involve 
the forfeiture and condemnation of the vessel and 
cargo, and the exclusion of all parties concerned 
from any further privilege of entering the United 
States during the war for any purpose whatever. 

Second, To vessels of the united States clear- 
ing coastwise for the ports aforesaid license can 
only be obtained from the Treasury Department 

Third, In all other respects the existing block- 
ade remains in full force and effect, as hitherto 
established and maintained ; nor is it relaxed by 
the proclamation, except in regard to the porte 
to which the relucation is by that instrument ex- 
pressly applied. S. P. Chask, 

BMNtary of the TrMMory. 



Doa 16. 
RETREAT OF .GENERAL BANKS. 

GKNIRAL BANKSnS REPORT. 
BiABQVAxnu Abmt Bhsiaiiwuh, Jum, isn. 
Eon. E, M. Stanton^ Secretary of War: 

Ihformatiok was received on the evening of 
May twenty-third that the enemy in very large 
force had descended on the guard at Front Royal, 
Col. Kenly, First Maii3rland regiment, command- 
ing, burning the bridges and driving our troops 
toward Strasburgh with great loss. Owing to 
what was deemed an extravagant statement of 
the enemy's strength, these reports were received 
with some distrust ; but a regiment of infantry, 
with a strong detachment of cavalry and a section 
of artillery, were immediately sent to reenforoe 
Col. Kenly. Later in the evening, despatches from 
fugitives who had escaped to Winchester informed 
US thai Oct Kenly's force had been destroyed, 
with but few exceptions, and the enemy, fifteen 
or twenty thousand strong, were advancing by 
rapid marches on Winchester. 

Orders vera immediately given to halt the re- 
enforcements sent to Front Royal, which had 



moved by different routes, and detachments of 
troops under experienced officers were sent in 
every direction to explore the roads leading from 
Front Royal to Strasburgh, Middletown, New- 
town, and Winchester, and ascertain the force, 
position, and purpose of this sudden movement 
of the enemy. It was soon found that his pickets 
were in possession of every road, and rumon 
from eveiy quarter represented him in movement, 
in rear of his pickets, in the direction of our 
camp. 

The extraordinary force of the enemy could no 
longer be doubted. It was apparent, also, that 
they had a more extended purpose than the cap- 
ture of the brave little band at Front RoyaL 

This purpose could be nothing less than the 
defeat of my own command, or its possible cap- 
ture hj occupying Winchester, and by this move- 
ment mtercepting supplies or reinforcements, and 
cutting off all possibility of retreat 

It was also apparent from the reports of fugi- 
tives, prisoners. Union men, and our own recon- 
noitring parties, that all the three divisions of the 
enemy's troops known to be in the valley, and 
embracing at least twenty-five thousand men, 
were united and close upon us, in some enter- 
prise not yet developed. 

The suggestion that, had their object been a 
surprise, they would have given notice of their 
approach by an attack on Front Royal, was an- 
swered by the fact that on the only remaining 
point of attack — ^the Staunton road— our outposts 
were five miles in advance, and daily reconnois- 
sances made for a distance of twelve miles to- 
ward Woodstock. 

Under this interpretation of the enemy's plans, 
our position demanded instant decision and ac- 
tion. Three courses were open to us : first, a 
retreat across Little North Mountain to the Po- 
tomac River on the West; second, an attack 
upon the enemy's flank on the Front Royal road; 
third, a rapid movement direct upon Winchester, 
with a view to anticipate his occupation of the 
town by seizing it ourselves — thus placing my 
command in communication with its original base 
of operations, in the line of reenforcements by 
Harper's Ferry and Martinsburgh, and securing a 
safe retreat in case of disaster. To remain at 
Strasburgh was to be surrounded ; to move over 
the mountains was to abandon our train at the 
outset, and to subject my command to flank at- 
tacks without possibility of succor; and to at- 
tack, the enemy being in such overwhelming 
force, could only result in certein destruction. 
It was therefore determined to enter the lists 
with the enemy inn race or a battle, as he should 
choose, for the possession of Winchester, the key 
of the valley, and for us the position of safety. 

At three o'clock a.u., the twenty-fourth inst, 
the reenforcements — ^infantry, artillery, and cav- 
alry—sent to CoL Kenly were recalled ; the ad- 
vance-guard, CoL Donnelly's brigade, were or- 
dered to return to Strasburgh ; several hundred 
disabled men lefl in our char^ by Shields*s di- I 
vision were put upon the march, and our wagdn- 
train ordered forward to Windicstcr, under es- j 



DOCUMENTa 



53 



oort of caTalij and infimtiy. Gen. Hatch, with 
oearljr our whole force of cavalrr and six pieces 
of artillery, was charged with the protection of 
the rear of the column and the destruction of 
armj stores for which transportadon waa not 
pTOTided, with instructions to remain in front of 
the town as Umg as possible, and hold the enemy 
in check, our escpectataons of attack being in that 
dirccticm. All ttiese orders were executed with 
iocredible alacrity, and soon after nine o'clock 
the column was on the march, GoL Donnelly in 
front, Col. Gordon in the centre, and Gen. Hatch 
in the rear. 

The column had passed Cedar Creek, about 
three milea from Strasburgh, with the exception 
of the rear-guard, still in front of Strasburgh, 
when information was receiyed from the front 
that the enemjr had attacked the train, and was 
in fun possession of the road at Middletown. This 
report was confirmed by the return of fugitiyes, 
refugees, and wvgons, which came tumbling to 
the rear in fearful confusion. 

It being apparent now that our immediate dan- 
ger was in front, the troops were ordered to the 
bead of the column and the train to the rear ; and 
in liew of a possible necessity for our return to 
Strtsbor^h, Gapt James W. Abert, Topographi- 
cil corps — ^who associated with him the Zouxvea 
d*Afrique, Gapt CoUis — was ordered to prepare 
Cedar Creek bridge for the flames, in order to 

rreot a pursuit in that direction by the enemy, 
the execution of this order Gapt Abert and 
the Zouaves were cut off from the column, which 
they joined at WilUamsport They had at Stras- 
burgh a Tery sharp conflict with the enemy, in 
which his caralry suffered severely. An inter- 
esting report of this affiur will be found in the 
reports of Gapt Abert and Gapt GoUis. 

The head of the redrganized column. Col. Don- 
nelly commanding, encountered the enemy in 
force at IGddletown, about thirteen miles fhnn 
Winchester. Three hundred troops had been 
seen in town, but it soon appeared that larger 
forces were in the rear. The brigade halted, and 
the Forty-sixth Pennsylvania, CoL Knipe, was 
otrdeted to penetrate the woods on the right and 
dialog the enemy's skirmishers. They were 
Bopported by a section of Gothran's New-York 
battery. Five companies of the enemy's cavalry 
were discovered in an open field in the rear of the 
woods, and our artillery, masked at first by the 
infantry, opened fire upon theuL They stood ffre 
for a while, but at length retreated, pursued by 
oar skirmishers. The Twenty-eighth New-Tork, 
Lieiit-GoL Brown, was now brought up, and un- 
der a heavy fire of in&ntiy and artillery, the en- 
emy were driven back more than two miles from 
the pike. GoL Donnelly, being informed at that 
point, by a citixen in great alarm, (hat four thou- 
sand men were in the woods beyond, the men 
were anxious to continue the fight; but as this 
would have defeated our object by the loss of 
Tahiable thne, widi the exception of a small 
guard, ^ey were ordered to resume the march. 

This affiur occurred under my own observa- 
tioD, apd I have great pleasure in vouching for 



the admirable conduct of the officers and men. 
We lost one man killed and some wounded. 

This episode, with the change of fiY>nt, occu- 
pied nearly an hour, but it saved our column. 
Had the enemy vigorously attacked our train 
while at the head of the column, it would have 
been thrown into such dire confusion as to have 
made a successful continuation of our march im- 
possible. Pending this contest, GoL Brodhead, ^ 
of the First Mi(£igan cavalry, was ordered to 
advance, and, if possible, to cut his way though 
ancT occupy Winchester. It was the report of 
this energetic officer that gave us the first assur- 
ance that our course was yet clear, and he was 
the first of our column to enter the town. 

When it was first reported that the enemy had 
pushed between us and Winchester, Gen. Hatch 
was ordered to advance with all his available 
cavalry from Strasburgh, leaving CoL De Forrest 
to cover the rear and destroy stores not provided 
with transportation. Major Vought, Fifth New- 
York cavalry, had been previously ordered to re- 
connoitre the Front Royal road, to ascertain Uie 
position of the enemy, whom he encountered in 
force near Middletown, and was compelled to fall 
back, immediately followed by the enemy's cav- 
alry, infantry and artillery, in this affair five of 
our men were killed and several wounded. The 
enemy's loss is not known. 

After repeated attempts to force a passage 
through the lines of the enemy, now advanced to 
the pike, Qen. Hatch, satisfied that this result 
could not be accomplished without great loss, 
and suppKwing our army to have prooeeded but 
a short distance, turned to the left and moved 
upon a parallel road, made several ineffectual at- 
tempts to effect a junction with the main column. 
At Newtown, however, he found GoL Gordon 
holding the enemy in check, and joined his bri- 
gade. Mijor Collins, with three companies of cav- 
alry, mistaking the point where the main body 
of the cavalry left the road, dashed upon the ene- 
my until stopped by the barricade of wagons and 
the tempestuous &e of infantry and artillery. 
His loss must have been very severe. 

Six companies of the Fifth New-Tork, GoL 
De Forrest, and six companies of the First Ver- 
mont cavalry, GoL Tompkins, after repeated and 
desperate efforts to form a junction with the 
main body — the road now being filled with in- 
fantry, artillery and cavalry — feU back to Stras- 
burgh, where thev found the Zouaves d'Afrique. 
The Fifth New-York, Ming to effe<;t ft junction 
at Wmchester, and also at Martinsburgh, came 
in at Clear Spring, with a train of thirty-two 
wagons and many stragglers. The First Ver- 
mont, CoL Tompkins, joined us at Winchester 
with six pieces of artillery, and participated in 
the fight of the next morning. Nothing could 
surpass the^celerity and spirit with which the 
various companies of cavalry executed their 
movements, or theur intrepid charges upon the 
enemy. 

Gen. Hatch deserves great credit for the man- 
ner in which he dischar^^ his duties as chief of 
cavidry in this part of our march, as well as at 



64 



BEBELLION RECORD, 1862. 



the fight at Winchester, and in coYering the rear 
of our column to the riTer ; but espedallv fbr the 
spirit infused into his troops during the brief pe- 
riod of his command, which, by confession of 
friend and foe, had been been equal, if not supe- 
rior, to the best of the enemy's long-trained 
mounted troops. 

From this point the protection of the rear of 
the column deroWed upon the forces under Col. 
' Gordon. 

The guard having been separated from the col- 
umn, and the rear of the train having been at- 
tacked by an increased force near the bridge 
between Newtown and Kemstown, Gol. Gordon 
was directed to send back the Second Massachu- 
setts, Lieut -Colonel Andrews commanding, the 
Twenty-seventh Indiana, Gol. Colgrove, and the 
Twenty-eighth New-York, Lieut -Col. Brown, to 
rescue the rear of the train and hold the enemy 
in check. They found him at Newtown with a 
strong force of m&ntry, artillery and cavalry. 

The Second Massachusetts was deployed in the 
field, supported by the Twenty-eighth New-York 
and the Twenty-seventh Indiana, and ordered to 
drive the enemy from the town ; and the battery 
was at the same time so placed as to silence the 
guns of the enemy. 

Both these objects were quickly accomplished. 
They found it impossible to reach Middletown, 
so as to enable the cavalry under Gen. Hatch to 
join the column, or to cover entirely the rear of 
the train. Large bodies of the enemy's cavalry 
passed upon our right and left, and the increased 
vigor of his movements demonstrated the rapid 
advance of the main body. A cavalry charge 
made upon our troops was received in squares 
on the right and on the road, and in the line of 
the left, which repelled his assault and gained 
time to reform the train, to cover its rear and to 
bum the disabled wagons. This affair occupied 
several hours-^the regiments having been moved 
to the rear about six o'clock, and not reaching 
the town until after twelve. 

A full report by CoL Gordon, who commanded 
in person, is inclosed herewith. The principal 
loss of the Second Massachusetts occurred in this 
action. 

The strength and purpose of the enemy were 
to us unknown when we reached Winchester, ex- 
cept upon surmise and vague rumors from Front 
Royal. These rumors were strengthened by the 
vigor with which the enemy had pressed our main 
column, and defeated at every pomt the efforts of 
detachments to effect a junction with the main 
column. 

At Winchester, however, all suspicion was re- 
lieved on that subject All classes— secessionists, 
Unionists, refugees, fugitives and prisoners — 
argued that the enemy's force at or near Win- 
chester was overwhelming, ranging from twenty- 
five thousand to thirty thousand. Rebel officers, 
who came into our camp with entire unconcern, 
supposing that their own troops occupied the 
town as a matter of course, and were captured, 
confirmed these statements, and added that an 
attack would be made upon us at daybreak. I 



determined to test the substance and strength of 
the enemy by actual collision, and measures 
were promptly taken to prepare our troops to 
meet them. They had taken up their positions 
on entering the town after dark, without expect- 
ations of a battle, and were at disadvantage as 
compared with the enemy. 

The rattling of musketry was heard during 
the latter part of the night, and before the break 
of day a sharp engagement occurred at the out- 
posts. Soon after four o'clock the artillery opened 
its fire, which was continued without cessation 
till the close of the engagement 

The right of our line was occupied by the 
Third brigade, Col. Geo. H. Gordon commanding. 
The regiments were strongly posted, and near 
the centre covered by stone walls from the fire of 
the enemy. 

Their infiintry opened on the right, and soon 
both lines were under heavy fire. 

The left was occupied by the Third brigade. 
Col. Dudley Donnelly commanding. 

The line was weak, compared With that of the 
enemy, but the troops were posted, and patiently 
awaited, as they nobly improved, their coming 
opportunity. The earUest movements of the ene- 
my were on our left, two regiments being seen to 
move as with the purpose of occupying a posi- 
tion in flank or rear. Gen. Hatch sent a detach* 
ment of cavalry to intercept this movement, when 
it was apparently abandoned. The enemy suf- 
fered vei7 serious loss from the fire of our infiuit^ 
ry on the left;. One regiment is represented by 
persons present during the action, and after the 
field was evacuated, as nearly destroyed. 

The main body of the enemy was hidden dur> 
ing the early part of the action by the crest of 
the hill and the woods in the rear. 

Their force was massed apparently upon our 
right, and their manoeuvres indicated a purpose 
to turn us upon the Benryville road, where, it ap- 
peared Subsequently, they had placed a consider- 
able force, with a view of preventing reinforce- 
ments fit>m Harper's Ferry. But the steady fire 
of our lines held them in check until a small por- 
tion of the troops on the right of our line made a 
movement to the rear. It is but just to add, 
that this was done under the erroneous impres- 
sion that an order to withdraw had been given. 
No sooner was this observed by the enemy, than 
its regiments s?rarmed upon the crest of the hill, 
advancing from the woods upon our right, which, 
still continuing its fire steadily, advanced toward 
the town. 

The overwhelming force of the enemy now sud- 
denly showing itself, making fiirther resistance 
unwise, orders were sent to the left by Capt De 
Hauteville to withdraw, which was done reluct- 
antly but in order, the enemy having greatly 
suffered in that wing. A portion of the troops 
passed through the town in some confusion ; but 
the column was soon reformed and continued its 
march in order. 

This engagement held the enemy in check for 
five hours. 

The forces engaged were greatly unequal In- 



DOCUMSNTS. 

^- 



05 



^sposed to accept the early rumors concerning 
the enemy's strength, I reported to the Depart- 
ment that it was about fifteen thousand. It is 
now condusirely shown that not less than twen- 
ty-five thousand men were in position, and could 
have been brought into action. On the right and 
left their great superiority of numbers was plain- 
ly felt and seen, and the signal officers, from ele- 
vated positions, were enabled to count the regi- 
mental standards, indicating a strength equal to 
that I have stated. 

My own command consisted of two brigades of 
less than four thousand men, all told, with nine 
hundred cavalry, ten Parrott guns, and one bat- 
tery of six-pounders, smooth-bore cannon. To 
this should be added the Tenth Maine regiment 
of iniantry, and five companies of Maryland cav- 
alry, stationed at Winchester, which were engag- 
ed in the action. The loss of the enemy was 
treble that of ours in killed and wounded. In 
prisoners ours greatly exceeds theirs. 

Officers, whose words I cannot doubt, have 
stated, as the result of their own observations, 
tiuLt our men were fired upon irom private dwell- 
Jigs in passing Uirough ATinchester ; but I am 
credibly informed, and gladly believe, that the 
acrocities said to have been perpetrated upon our 
wounded soldiers by the rebels, are greatly exag- 
gerated or entirely untrue. 

Our march was turned in the direction of Mar- 
tinsburgh, hoping there to meet with reenforce- 
ments — ^the troops moving in three parallel col- 
umns, each protected by an efficient rear-guard. 
Pursuit by the enemy was prompt and vigorous, 
but our movements were rapid and without 
loss. 

A few miles from Winchester, the sound of the 
steam-whistle, heard in the direction of Martins- 
burgh, strengthened the hope of reenforcements, 
and stirred the blood of the men like a trumpet 
Soon after, two squadrons of cavalry came dash- 
ing down the road, with wild hurrahs. They 
were Uiought to be the advance of the anticipated 
support, and received with deafening cheers. 
Every man felt like turning back upon the enemy. 
It proved to be the First Maryland cavalry, Lieut- 
Col Wetschky, sent out in the morning as a 
train-guard. Hearing the guns, they had return- 
ed to participate in the fight Advantage was 
taken of this stirring incident to redrganize our 
column, and the march was continued with re- 
newed spirit and ardor. At Martinsburgh, the 
column baited two and a half hours, the rear- 
guard remaining until seven in the evening in 
rear of the town — and arrived at the river at sun- 
down, forty-eight hours afler the first news of the 
attack on Front Royal. It was a march of fifty- 
three miles, thirty-five of which were performed 
in one day. The scene of the river, when the 
rear-guard arrived, was of the most animating 
and exciting description. A thousand camp-fires 
were burning on the hillside, a thousand car- 
riages of every description' were crowded upon 
the banks, and the broad river between the ex- 
hausted troops and their coveted rest 



The ford was too deep for the teams to cross 
in regular succession. Only the strongest horses, 
after a few experiments, were allowed to essay 
the passage of the river before morning. 

The single ferry was occupied by the ammuni* 
tion trains^ the ford by the wagons. 

The cavalry was secure in its form of crossing. 
The troops only had no transportation. Fortu- 
nately, the traiA we had so sedulously guarded ^ 
served us in turn. Several boats belonging to the 
pontoon-train, which we had brought from Stras- 
burgh, were launched and devoted exclusively to 
their service. It is seldom that a river-cross- 
ing of such magnitude is achieved with greater 
success. There never were more grateful hearts 
in the same number of men, than when, at mid- 
day on the twenty-sixth, we stood on the oppo- 
site shore. 

My command had not suffered an attack and 
rout, but accomplished a premeditated march of 
near sixty miles, in the face of the enemy, de- 
feating his plans and giving him battle wherer^ 
he was found. 

Our loss is stated in detail, with the names of 
the killed, wounded and missing, in the full re- 
port of Brig. -Gen. A. S. Williams, commanding 
division, to which reference is made. 

The whole number of killed is thirty-eight; 
wounded, one hundred and fifty-five; missing, 
seven hundred and eleven. Total loss, nine hun- 
dred and five. 

It is undoubtedly true that many of the miss- 
ing will yet return, and the entire loss may be 
assumed as not exceeding seven hundred. It is 
also probable that the number of killed and 
wounded may be larger than that above stated, 
but the aggregate loss will not be changed thereby. 

All our guns were saved. * 

Our wagon-train consisted of nearly five hun- 
dred wagons. Of this number -fifty-five were 
lost They were not, with but few exceptions, 
abandoned to the enemy ; but were burned upon 
the road. Nearly all of our supplies were thus 
saved. The stores at Front Royal, of which I 
had no knowledge until my visit to that post on 
the twenty-first instant, and those at Winchester, 
of which a considerable portion was destroyed 
by our troops, are not embraced in this state- 
ment 

The number of sick men in the hospital at 
Strasbuiigh, belonging to Gen. Williams's division, 
was one hundred and eighty-nine, one hundred 
and twenty-five of whom were left in hospital at 
Winchester, under charge of Surgeon Lincoln R. 
Stone, Second Massachusetts; sixty-four were 
left in hospital at Strasburgh, including attend- 
ants, under charge of Surgeon Gillispie, Seventh 
Indiana, and Assistant-Surgeon Porter, United 
States army. 

Eight of the surgeons of this division volunta- 
rily surrendered themselves to the enemy in the 
hospitals and on the field for the care of the sick 
and wounded placed under their charj^e. The^ 
include, in addition to those above named, Bn- 
gade-Surgeon Peale, at Winchester) Surgeon 



56 



BSBELUON UOOHD, 186S. 



Mitchell, First Maryland, at Front Royal ; Sur- 
geon Adolphus, Best's tmttery, United States 
trmy ; Surgeon Johnson, Sixteenth Indiana, and 
Surgeon Francis Leland, Second Massachusetts, 
on Uie field. 

It is seldom that men are called upon to make 
a greater sacrifice of comfort, hulth and liberty 
for the benefit of those entrusted to their charge. 
Senrices and sacrifices like these ought to entitle 
them to some more important recognition of their 
devotion to public duty than the mere historical 
record of the fact The report of the Medical Di- 
rector, Suigeon W. S. King, exhibits the disposi- 
tion of neany one thousand sick and disabled men 
left at Strasburgh, of Shields* division, upon its 
removal to the Rappahannock Valley. 

My warmest thanks are due to the officers and 
men of my command, for their unflinching cour- 
age and unyielding spirit exhibited on the march 
and its attendant combats, especially to Brig.- 
Oen. A. S. Williams, commanding the division ; 
Gen. George S. Greene and Gen. L. W. Crawford, 
who had repcnied for duty, but were yet unas- 
■igned to separate commands. Thev aocomp»- 
Bied the column throughout the march, and ren- 
dered me most valuable assistance. 

Mr thanks are also due to the gentlemen of my 
■tafi^Major D. D. Perkins, Chief of SUff; Capt. 
James W. Abert, of the Topographical Engineers ; 
Capt William Sheffler, Capt Frederick Hunthur, 
and Capt Frederick De Hautenville, for their ar- 
duous labors. 

It gives me pleasure, also, to commend the con- 
duct of CoL bonnelly and CoL Gordon, com- 
manding the two brigades. I would also respect- 
folly ask the attention of the Department to the 
reports of the several officers commanding de- 
tachments separate from the main column, and 
to the officers named in the report of Gen. Wil- 
liams, as worthy of commendation for meritorious 
conduct 

Brig.-General A. S. Williams, commanding the 
First division cf the army of the Shenandoah, re- 
ceived and promptly saw executed all the orders 
emanating from me, and by his military experi- 
ence and knowledge of the proper disposition and 
movements of troops upon the battle-field, as 
well as by his admirable coolness and eneigy, 
rendered invaluable service during the retreat 

All the arrangements for the si<& and wounded 
were made by Dr. Thomas Antisell, Medical Di- 
rector of the First division, then acting as De- 
partment Director, dischaiging his duties with 
marked abilit)*. 

The Signal Corps, Lieut W. W. Rowley com- 
manding, rendered most valuable service on the 
field and in the march. There should be some 
provision for the prompt promotion of officers and 
men so brave and usefiil as those composing this 
corps. The safety of the train and supplies is in 
a great degree due to the discretion, experience 
and unfailing energy of Capt S. B. Holabird and 
Capt E. G. Beckwith, United States army. 

I have the honor to be, with great respect, your 
obedient servant, N. P. Banks, 

Mi^orCknend OommaadiDC. 



BIPORT Of BRIO.^^niBUL GORDON. 

Hkabquabtbu Tbibd BaiQABi^ I 
Oamt mAB WiixiAinpo«T, Ma. f 

Capt Wm, R Wilhini, AuL Adjt'Om., Gen. 

W%Uiami9 Diviiion^ F^fth Army Corp$ : 

Captain: Agreeably to instructions received 
firom headquarters of the division, I have the 
honor to report the movements of my brigade in 
an engagement with the enemy on the twenty- 
fifth instant, in fix>nt of and less than a third of a 
mile froifh the town of Winchester, Ya. At dawn 
in the morning, I received information through 
the officer commanding the pickets, that the ene* 
my in laige numbers were driving them in, and 
approaching the town. 

I immediately formed my brigade in line of 
battle, the right resting upon the commanding 
ridge, the left extending into the valley. The 
ridge surrounds the town which it holds as In a 
basin. It is less than one third of a mile distant, 
and presents many key-points for positions. I 
placed my artillery battery, M, of First New- 
York, composed of six six-pound Parrott guns, 
under Lieut Peabodv, upon the ridge, and thus 
awaited further developments. About five a.m., 
skirmishers from the Second Massachusetts on 
the right and crest of the hill became sharply en- 
gaged. At about the same time I directed the 
battery to open upon the columns of the enemr, 
evidently moving into position just to the right 
and fh)nt of my centre. This was done with ad- 
mirable effect, the columns disappearing over th« 
crest For more than an hour a fire of shell and 
canister fix>m several rebel batteries was directed 
upon my position. 

My brirade, being somewhat protected by a r^ 
vine, su&red but little loss. The fire of our 
skirmishers, and the spirited replies of the bat- 
tery, with heavy musketry and artillery firing on 
our left in Donnelly's brigade, were the only 
marked features of the contest until after six 
A.1C. At about half- past six, perhaps nearer 
seven a.ic., laige bodies of infiintry could be seen 
making their way in line of batUe towards my 
right They moved under cover of the densa 
woods, thus concealing somewhat their numbers. 
I directed the Twenty-ninth Pennsylvania r^- 
ment, Col. Murphy, and the Twenty-seventh fii- 
diana regiment, CoL Colgrove, to change position 
fit>m the left to the right of my line, holding the 
Second Massachusetts regiment, Lieut -CoL An- 
drews, first on the right in the centre, the Third 
Wisconsin regiment, CoL Ruger, forming the left. 
This movement I had hardly completed, despite a 
new battery which opened upon my line, when 
three large battalions of infantry, moving in order 
of battle, came out from their cover and ap- 
proached my brigade. They were received wiUi 
a destructive fire of musketiy, poured in fit>m all 
parts of my brigade that could reach them. 

Confident in their numbers, and relying np<m 
large sustaining bodi^ suspicions of which be- 
hind the covering timber in our fi*ont were surely 
confirmed, the enemy's lines moved on, but little 
shaken by our fire. At the same time, in our 
front, a long line of infantry showed themselves 



DOCUMENTS. 



5t 



ndng the crest of the hills just beyond our post- 
luo. My littte brigade, numbering in all just 
two thousand one hundred and two, in another 
momeat would hare been oTerwhelmed. On its 
ri^ left and centre, immensely superior columns 
vere pressing — not another man was available, 
not a support to be found in the remnant of his 
anny corps left Gen. Banks. To withdraw was 
DOW possible, in another moment it would have 
beea too bita At this moment I should have 
tssomed the responsibility of requesting permis- 
sion to withdraw, but the right fell bade under 
greet pressure, which oompelled the line to 
yield. 

I fell back slowly, but generally in good order. 
The Second Massachusetts in column of com- 
puiies moving by flank, the Third Wisconsin in 
me of battle moving to the rear. On ^very side 
abore the surrounding crest surged the rebel 
ferces. A sharp and withering fire of musketry 
VM opened by the enemy from the crest upon 
oar centre, left and right The yells of a vic- 
torious and merciless foe were above the din of 
btttlei but my command was not dismayed. The 
Second Massachusetts halted in a street of the 
town to reform its line, then pushed on with the 
colimm, which, with its long train of baegage- 
VBgona, divisioi^ brigade, and r^menta^ was 
ZDakiog its way in good order towards Martins- 



■7 retreating column suffered serious loss in 
the streets of Winchester: males and females 
▼ied with each other in increasing the number of 
their rictims by firing from the houses, throwing 
hand-grenades, hot water, and missiles of every 
deicription. The hellish spirit of murder was 
carried on by the enemy^s cavalry, who followed 
to butdker, and who struck down with sabre 
aod pisUA the helpless soldier sinking from far 
tigne, ui^eedxng his cries for mercy, indifferent 
to has claims as a prisoner of war. 

This record of infamy is preserved for the 
fanales of Winchester. But this is not all : our 
wounded in hospital, necessarily left to the itier- 
cies of our enemies, I am credibly informed were 
hayooeted by the rebel infantry. In the same 
town, in the same apartments, where we, when 
Tictors on the fields of Winchester, so tenderly 
umed the rebel wounded, were even so more 
than barbarously rewarded. 

The rebel cavalry, it would appear, give no 
quarter. It cannot be doubted that they butch- 
ered our stragglers, that they fight under a black 
flag, that they cried as they slew the wearied and 
jaded : '' Give no quarter to the d— d Yankees.'* 

The actual number of my brigade engaged 
was as follows: 



fcMod MiMftiinflU Ses\ Ueat-CoL kodnmu^fl OSO 

Wm WteoMln Km\ OoL Rnger. S4 fifiO 

Tvcal/'«eTenCh lodUna Bef*t, CoL Colfrore,. . . .80 481 

Tvwtj-niath PemujlTwiUi Ke(*t, OoL M ontby, . .17 4AS 

IbtaL is SOU 

88 

ttoi 



In estimatine the force of the eneL.^, I turn for 
a moment to tm movement of the first division 
from Strasburgh to Winchester on the preceding 
day, the twenty-fourth, and my engagement with 
the enem;f on the march, assured me of their 
presence in great force upon our right flank. 
The capture and destruction of Col Kenly's 
command, first brigade, on the twenty-third, at 
Front Royal, while guarding our railroad com- 
munication with Washington, and the facts set 
forth in my report of my engagement on the 
twenty-fourth, tended to a conviction of the pres- 
ence of a large force under Gen. Ewell in the 
valley of the Shenandoah. The union of Jackson 
with Johnson, composing an army larger by manr 
thousands than the two small brigades, with 
some cavalry and sixteen pieces of artillery, 
which comprised the entire army corps of Gen. 
Banks, furnishes evidence justifying a belief of 
the intention of the enemy to cut us off, first 
from reinforcements, second to capture us and 
our material beyond peradventure. 

From the testimony of our signal officers, and 
from a fur estimate of the number in rebel lines 
4rawn up on the heights, from fugitives and de- 
serters, the number of regiments in the rebel 
army opposite Winchester was twenty -eight, 
being Ewell's cfivision, Jackson's and Johnson's 
forces, the whole being commanded by Gen, 
Jackson. 

These regiments were full, and could not have 
numbered much less than twenty-two thousand 
men, the corresponding proportion of artillery, 
among which were included two of the English 
Blakele^ guns. Less than four thousand men in 
two brigades, with sixteen pieces of artillery, 
kept this large and unequal force in che6k for 
about three nourS| then retreating in generally 
good order, preserved its enUre train, and accom- 
plished a march of thirty-six miles. 

Where all the regiments in my brigade be- 
haved so well, it is not intended to reflect in the 
least upon others in mentioning the steadiness 
and discipline which marked the actions of the 
Second Massachusetts, Lieut-Colonel Andrews, 
Third Wisconsin, Col. Ruger. The enemy will 
long remember the destructive fire which threo 
or four companies of the Third Wisconsin, and a 
like numb^ of the Second Massachusetts, poured 
into them as these sturdy regiments moved slow- 
ly in line of battle fh>m the field. 

I herewith enclose a list of the killed, wounded, 
and missing of the several regiments of my bri- 
gade, hoping that the numbers will hereafter be 
reduced by arrivals of those marked missing. 
How many were captured it is impossible now to 
determine. 

Col. Murphy, Twenty-ninth Pennsylvania, is 
known to be a prisoner. Major Dwight, of the 
Second Massachusetts, while gallantly bringing 
up the rear of the regiment, was missed some- 
where near or in the outskirts of the town. It is 
hoped that this promising and brave officer, so 
cool upon the field, so efficient everywhere, so 
much beloved in his regiment, and whose gallant 



58 



BSBELUON BEGORD, 1862. 



fioiTices on the night of the twenty-fourth instant 
will never be forgotten by then^^ay have met 
with not worse fate than to be held as a prisoner 
of war. 

To my personal stafi^ Lieut C. P. Horton, 
Second Massachusetts regiment, my Assistant 
Adjutant-General, to Lieut H. K Scott of the 
same regiment, my Aid-de-Gamp, I am indebted 
for promptness irv. transmission of orders, for effi- 
ciency, and gallant services in action. 

I desire to express my thanks to Cblonels Mur- 
phy, Ruger, Colgrove, and Andrews, to the offi- 
cers and men generally of my command, especial- 
ly to officers and men of battery M, whose skill 
and courage tended so much by their destructive 
fire to disconcert the enemy, and hold him in 
check. 

In fine, in the two days of the twenty-fourth 
and twenty-fifth of May, the larger portion of my 
brigade marched sixty-one miles, the Second 
Massachusetts skirmishing on the twenty-fourth, 
for more than six hours, with rebel cavalry and 
artillery, the whole command on the twenty-fifth 
fighting a battle. 

I herewith enclose such reports of colonels of 
regiments as have been forwarded. 

HXAOQVABTttS TBIKD BuOADI, ( 

Oamp «■▲« WixxiAinroBT, Hd. f 

Oen, A, S. WillianUy Commanding Mrtt Divi- 

$ion Fifth Army Gorpi : 

General : I take the first moment of leisure 
from arduous military duties, to report in brief 
the events of an engagement of forces under my 
command with the enemy, on the march of the 
Fifth Army Corps, under Gen. Banks, from 
Strasburgh to Winchester on the twenty-fourth 
of May. 

Disastrous news fix)m fugitives of the First 
Maryland regiment receiv^ the night of the 
twenty-third instant^ made it apparent that a 
Yery large force of the enemy threatened us at 
Strasburgh. The precautionary order to pack and 
send to the rear any brigade and regimental 
trains was complied with. They started for 
Winchester that night, and were thus saved. 

The morning of the twenty-fourth brought 
little cheer; the worst reports were confirmed. 
Frequent reconnoissances during the night and 
morning of the twenty-fourth developed that a 
very large force of the enemy threatened to sur- 
round us at Strasburgh. At ten a.m. my brigade 
was ordered, in conjunction with the First brigade 
of your division, to move toward Newtown, en 
route for Winchester, to check an approach of 
the enemy from that direction. No enemy being 
found at Middletown, or within four miles of there 
in the direction of Front Royal, our march was 
continued. Our column moved on toward Stras- 
burgh in good order, preceded by an immense 
train of wagons, and followed by many that could 
not be prepared for moving the night before. At 
two P.M. report fi-om the rear reached us that the 
train had been attacked by the enemy ; that we 
were entirely cut off from our rear-guard ; that 
many wagons had been captured, and that the 



enemy were pursuing us. The sound of hii 
guns we could distinctly hear. 

With the view of uniting the train if possible, 
and with the sanction of Gen. Banks, I proceeded 
with two regiments of my brigade and two sec- 
tions of artillenr to attack the enemy, and do 
what I might for the rescue of our rear-gnard 
and baggage. My force was increased by a third 
regiment ordered by Gen. Banks to report to 
Gen. Hatch, commanding rear-guard, if practica- 
ble. This regiment the Twenty-eighth New- 
York, Lieut -Col. Brown, fell also under my com- 
mand. Upon arriving near Newtown, I found 
some confusion in the train, and saw perhaps six 
or seven wagons that had been overset and aban- 
doned. The Twenty-seventh Indiana of my bri- 
gade, previously ordered with section of artillery 
to this point I found drawn up in line of battle. 

The rebel force and battery were said to be it 
the town, distant about half a mile beyond. I 
made dispositions to attack them with artillerr 
and infantry, holding one regiment in reserve for 
further use. The Massachusetts Second, under 
Lieut -CoL Andrews, with skirmishers thrown to 
the front covered the approaches to the town, 
supported by its own reserve and the Twenty* 
eighth New- York. The rebel force was at once 
driven from the town. A heavy fire of artillery 
was opened upon my command from a rebel bat- 
tery, to which we replied with spirit driving the 
enemy fix>m his position. After an hour or more 
of skirmishing, with continual firing of artillery 
on both sides, I had driven the enemy fix>m New- 
town, which I held. 

At this time I was joined by Gen. Hatch, who 
had, by a circuitous pathway, been able to join 
the first half of the column. He at once con- 
firmed my fears that the enemy in strong force 
had taken a portion of the rear part of our train 
with such stores as might have been left at Cedar 
Creek, and such forces as had not haply escaped. 
I became convinced of the impossibility of makine 
headway against the force in my fitint and I 
much feared being surrounded, as large bodies of 
cavalry were seen in the distance toward Win- 
chester, my then rear. 

It was now about eight o^dock. Gen. Hatch 
was safe, the enemy* driven fiv>m Newtown, all 
our train in advance of the centre protected from 
further assault, I determined to withdraw, and as 
I could not transport to bum the seven or eight 
abandoned wagons. This was accordingly done. 

The difficult task of keeping the enemy at bay 
was confided to the Second Massachusetts, Lieut- 
Col. Andrews. To aid him, I ordered cavalry 
and one section of artillery to the rear, llie 
column thus proceeded to join the main body at 
Winchester. Fearful of an attempt on the part 
of the enemy to seize the road where it enters 
Winchester, (and which they did not an hour 
after the Second Massachusetts passed,) I made 
rapid progress, reaching the environs of Win- 
chester at about twelve o^clock at night Fre- 
quent reports fix)m Lieut -Col. Andrews advised 
me of the good progress of the rear, also that 
they were somewhat annoyed with skirmishiog 



DOCUMSXTSL 



59 



etfafay. I sent him such additional force as I 
thought might be necessary, but becoming impa- 
tient at his non-airiyal, I went out with an or- 
derly to meet him, and arrived at the head of the 
regiment about one o'clock. 

Bather a serere skirmish was then going on 
between the rear company of the regiment, Capi 
Underwood, and the enemy. Their temerity 
punished and their advance checked, we reached 
our encampment at half-past two a.ic. The men 
of mj brigade were without shelter, many of 
them without rations. Having imprudently, 
though intending to offer better service, laid 
aside their knapsacks, their capture deprived 
'them of food. The Second Massachusetts regi- 
ment made this day a march of thirty miles, ten 
of which was a continual running fight 

The service performed by this regiment on this 
occasion reflects the greatest credit upon both 
officers and men. Never shaken by the discharge 
of artOleTy and musketry into their ranks, this 
noble lament moved in column along the 
roid. Undismayed by an enemy they could not 
see, firing at the flashes of rebel rifles, supportr 
iqg their wounded and carrying their dead for 
more than eight miles, they guarded the rear of 
the cdnmn ; then with two and one half hours 
of domber upon the earth, uncovered and un- 
protected, they were aroused by the cannon and 
miisketrj that ushered in the battle of Winches- 
ter to do their part in the heroic struggle of that 
daj. 

I rder for particulars of this day's duty to the 
report of Lieut-GoL Qeo. L. Andrews, hereto 
•ppeoded. I cannot too strongly pruse the cool- 
ness and discretion of this officer upon this try- 
iQg occuion. Respectfully, 

Geo. H. Gordon, 

Colonel Second UaiMcbaseils RegloMnt, 

OomnuMMHng Third Brigmde. 

UII7r.-00I.0NEL ANDKKWS* RIPORTa 



MuBA Oamuiff B ToiLi.t I 
OUCP AT WlLUAMBrOKT, Md., VUf W^ 1882. i 

CoUntl Qeo, IL Gordon^ Commanding Third 



Sa : \ have the honor to submit the following 
report of the operations of the Second regiment 
Ki&stchusetts yolunteers, on the twenty-fourth 
iiffit At about eleven o^clock a.m., the regiment 
1«& camp at Strasburgh, marching toward Win- 
chester. After a fatiguing march of about thir- 
teen miles, when withm al^ut five miles of Win- 
chester, I received an order to return toward 
StrasbaT^b, to assist the rear-guard in repelling 
Attacks upon the train. Knapsacks were deposit- 
ed It the «de of the road, to relieve the men, 
ilreadj much fatigued with the m4rch over a 
dry, dusty road. We were followed by the Twen- 
tj-eighth New -York regiment, Lieui - Colonel 
Brown, aud a section of Best's battery, under 
Lieut Gushing. 

On arriving at Newtown, I found the Twenty- 
■ereoth Indiana regiment formed in line on this 
»de of the town, with two sections of Cothron's 
tottery, which were firing upon the enemy's cav- 



alry in the edge of the wood on our left I re- 
ceived an order to advance, take the town, and 
hold it until further orders. Companies A and 
C, under Capts. Abbott and Cogswell, were de- 
ployed as skirmishers, and advanced, followed by 
the remainder of the regiment and the section of 
Best's battery, under a well-dii*ected fire of the 
enemy's artillery posted in the main street, and 
in the full view of our cavalry. 

The enemy was speedily driven from the town 
to a position on the heights beyond, from which 
he continued the fire of artrllery, principally di- 
rected against the section of Cothron's battery, 
which had advanced and taken position on our 
right ; but his fire was with little or no effect The 
sections of Best's and Cothron's batteries replied 
by a well-directed fire. 

At sunseti an order came to withdraw and re- 
sume the march to Winchester, the desired ob- 
ject having been attained. This was done, the 
two companies above-mentioned forming the rear- 
guard, and company B, Capt Williams, thrown 
out as flankers, the artillery, with three compa- 
nies of this regiment leading, followed by the re- 
mainder of the regiment in column. We soon 
overtook the Twenty-seventh Indiana rt^ment, 
which was engaged in the destruction of aban- 
doned property of the train. This caused some 
delay, but the march was soon resumed. The 
Twenty-eighth New- York was in advance of the 
Twenty-seventh Indiana. 

At the place in which the knapsacks were left, 
the r^^ent was halted; the rear-guard and 
flankers remaining in then: places, the rest of the 
regiment were ordered to take their knapsacks. 
Six companies of the New- York cavalry here 
joined us. It was now quite dark, and the en- 
emy, who had not before shown himself on our 
return, made a cavalry charge, which was 
promptly repelled by a volley from the rear- 
guard, which was delivered at short range with 
perfect coolness and great effect 

The enemy then fired a single shell, which was 
replied to by another volley from the rear-guard, 
and the enemy ceased for a time his attack. The 
companies composing the rear-guard and flankers 
were now directed in turn to take their knap- 
sa^^ks, company I, Capt Underwood, forming the 
new rear-guard, and company D, Capt Savage, 
the flankers. 

The enemy now sent forward a line of skirmish- 
ers, who opened a fire on Capt Underwood's 
company, which, although very severe, was sus- 
tained and replied to with a steadiness most 
creditable to the officers and men of that com- 
|>any. The firing continuing, I sent forward in 
support on the right and left platoons of the com- 
panies of Capts. Cogswell and Williams, and our 
fire soon produced a marked effect on the enemy. 

£verything being now ready, the march was 
resumed. The enemy followed but a short dis- 
tance. The march was continued until we reach- 
ed Kemstown, when a halt was ordered, to rest 
the men and make arrangements to send forward 
some of our wounded. From the non-arrival of 
ambulances, some delay occurred, during which 



60 



REBELLION BEOORD, 1862. 



the enemy adTanced, and again opened his fire of 
skirmishers, which was promptly replied to by 
the rear-guard — the darkness of the night con- 
cealing the enemy deployed, while the column, 
forming a dark mass upon the road, was a fair 
mark. 

I ordered the march to be resumed^ which was 
done in perfect order. The enemy did not pur- 
sue. At two o^clock A.X., on the twenty-fifth, 
the xegiment reached Winchester, after a march 
of twenty -five miles, having sustained firmly and 
successfully the reiterated attacks of the enemy, 
made under cover of the darkness of the night 

The conduct of officers and men was most admir- 
able. Major Dwight who was in immediate com- 
mand of the rear-guard, displayed much courage 
and skill. Our loss in the afiair was three killed 
and seventeen wounded. I have also to regret 
the loss of Dr. Leland, who was taken prisoner 
while attending to our wounded men in a house 
near Eernstown. The loss of the enemy I have no 
means of estimating. The regiment bivouacked 
for the night without fires, with little food, and 
much exhausted. 

The company of Capt Cogswell was ordered 
on outpost duty immediately, but rejoined the 
regiment in the morning, when the outposts were 
driven in, having fallen back slowly in good or- 
der, before the greatl/ superior force of the ad- 
▼ancingenemy. 

Very respectfully, your obt servt, 
Geo. L. Andrews, 

£ieafc.-OoL Beoond BeglnMiit Mundiaiettf Voli. OommuuUiig: 

HsiDQiTAsm Skxwd RBonmr UxaBxaavBam Vou , ) 
Gamp it Willumbpokt, Mt>^ Bfay 24, 1899. ) 

Colonel George ff, Gordon^ Commanding Third 

Brigade : 

Sir : I have the honor to submit the following 
report of the operations of the Second regiment 
Massachusetts volunteers, on the twenty-fifth inst 
After less than two hours* rest, following the fa- 
tigues of the preceding day, the regiment was 
again called upon to take part in £e action of 
the twenty-fifth. The outposts were seen to be 
driven in at an early hour, and the regiment was 
ordered to take a position on the heights south- 
west of the town, forming the extreme right vf 
the line, the Third Wisconsin being the next re- 
giment on the lefL 

While the regiment was marching to its posi- 
tion, a fire of grape was opened upon it from the 
enemy's battery opposite ; nevertheless, it stead- 
fly moved on and took its position. The right 
company, Capt Savage, was deployed as skir- 
mishers on the right of the regiment It was 
soon, however, sent forward to a stonewall a few 
rods in advance, from which its fire seriously an- 
noyed the enemy's battery. 

A movement being observed on the part of the 
enemy to drive them away, Capt Carey's com- 
pany was sent forward in support Several vol- 
leys were also fired by the two right companies, 
directed at the battery with evident effect It was 
observed that one of the enemy^s guns was aban- 
doned by the cannoniers. The action had con- 
tinued about an hour and a half^ when the enemy 



appeared emerging from behind a wood, which 
had entirely concealed his movements, and ad- 
vancing in line of battle directly upon our right 
flank. 

This was promptly reported, and the Twenty- 
ninth Pennsylvania and Twenty - seventh Indi- 
ana regiments were ordered up, and formed on 
the right of the Second Massachusetts regiment 
They opened a fire upon the enemy, butfiiillDgto 
check his rapid advance, whidi was favored bj 
the ground, they fell back. This exposed the 
right flank of this regiment to the attack of 
the enemy's line, and I was obliged to withdraw 
it, the regiment marching down the hill in good 
order under a heavy fire fit>m the enemy. 

Upon entering one of the cross-streets of the 
town, I halted the regiment, which formed in line 
with perfect steadiness and regularity, with a 
view of making a stand to check the advance of 
the enemy. Finding, however, that our forces were 
in fhll retreat, and the regiment becoming exposed 
to a fire down the street firom a laige body of the 
enemy, the retreat was resumed, and we rapidly 
withdrew from the town, the men preserving their 
good order admirably. This regiment was the 
last to leave the town. 

The retreat was continued without a halt to 
Martinsburgh, a distance of twenty-two miles; 
was resumed after a short rest, and continued to 
the Potomac, a distance of twelve miles, making 
in all a march of thirty-four miles, almost with- 
out food or rest, firom twelve o'clock x. on the 
twenty-fourth, to eight o'clock in the evening on 
the twenty-fifth. 

The loss of the regiment on the twenty-fifth 
was seven killed and twenty-eight wounded, inclu- 
ding two commissioned officers, and one hundred 
and thirty-one missing, besides two commissioo- 
ed officers. Of the missing many are daily com- 
ing in, having been compeUed to halt from ex- 
haustion, and afterwards found their way in by 
different routes. The two commissioned o£5ceK 
wounded, both slightly, were Capt Mudge and 
Second-Lieut Crowninshield. Major Dwight and 
Assistant-Surgeon Stone are missing. 

Very respectfully, your obt scrv't, 
Geo. L. Andrews, 

lieuUJoloDd Second MuMchufetto Regbnent ComnandiBfr 

A NAnOMAL AOOOUNT. 

HAasBSTOim, M^* Iby S& 

After the inglorious idleness to which wc seemed 
destined bv the withdrawal of so large a portion 
of this division to join other and more important 
corpe ^armie^ a rapid succession of events has 
transpired, to chronicle which is an unwelcome 
and melancholy task, not, however, destitute of 
compensation in many signal instances of bravery 
and patriotic devotion. 

The first scene in this succession of unwelcome 
events was the slaughter and destruction of the 
noble boys and brave officers of the Maryland 
First They had been sent from Stiasburgh to 
Front Royal, a small village twelve miles distant, 
just beyond the Massanutten range, which com* 
menoes its course just at this pointy and upon 



DOCUMENTS. 



61 



the ttstem bank of the Shenandoah, over which 
is the luge bridge of the Manassas Gap Raikoad, 
which has now again, for the third time, been 
destroyed hj the rebels. 

Testerdav they were known to be in danger, 
and so mnch had our apprehension for them in- 
creased before night that the commanding officers 
were ordered to remain at their posts to await 
instructions, and at midnight word came to the 
ditTerent brigades that the "news fix>m Front 
Boyil was rery un&Torable," with orders to pre- 
pare to march immediately. 

CoL Kenly, the Umented officer of the Hary- 
Ltod First, received notice of the approach of the 
enemy oolv by the surprise and capture of some 
of his pickets. Ko intimation of their coming 
had heen received, and it was, therefore, impos- 
sible to have supported him in season to have 
prerented the sad havoc which succeeded. 

Bot he defended himself through the entire day 
with an ability and energy which speak loud 
pnises for him to the hearts of all his loyal coun- 
trymen. With scarcely a thousand men in his 
oommand, he was compelled to sustain himself 
gainst the three full brigades of Gen. Ewell, 
vbo had abandoned his camp, fifty miles above 
in the valley, for the purpose of making this de- 
scent upon a regiment of loyal Marylanders. 

The peculiar malignity which Southerners bear 
toward those whom they fancy should be of 
SoQthem sympathies in the Border States was, I 
think, the peculiar cause of the unscrupulous dis- 
r^ard of the ordinary humanities of war which 
was exhibited during the attack of Friday. 

A Southerner fighting against the independence 
of the South seems to excite all the worst pas- 
wm of a human being in them. I can scarcely 
cndit the statements made to me by trustworthy 
mo, and confirmed by many others of those who 
experienced and witnessed them, in r^ard to the 
sbandonment of all mercy and pity for a van- 

Daring the whole forenoon, and until three 
o*clock P.3C., the fighting was a slow intermittent 
straggle between the enemy, who were moving 
^ gradually and cautiously, and Col. Kenly's 
command, which he endeavored to manage as 
orefolly as possible, saving them firom injury, 
^ retreating the advance until reSnforcements 
^ould come up to his assistance. Thus a con- 
tinoal fight, more of the nature of a skirmish than 
A battle, was kept up continuously during the 
fi'fcnoon and untU the middle of the afternoon. 

Three o^dock, and a detachment of cavalry, one 
hmKired men, companies B and D, of the Ira 
Harris Guard, commanded by Major Yought, ar- 
rived from Strasburgh and reported immediately 
to CoL Kenly, who ordered him at once to chai^ 
the enemy. The cavalry obeyed the order, charg- 
pg upon them with great force, though greatly 
inferior in numbers. 

Bot the power of the enemy's superior force 
soon sent them backwards, and compelled them 
to retreat from the charge, severely repulsed. 
^ superiority of their numbers could not be 



withstood by the excellent bravery which was 
shown bv the Ira Harris Guard. 

Two clock, Wm. H. Mapes, commanding pio- 
neer corps, arrived and reported to Col. Kenly, 
who gave orders immediately where they should 
be stationed, and they continued with the re* 
mainder of the little force, doing noble service, 
and holding in check successfully not less tluu] 
six times their number. 

Seeing the danger of their position, the com* 
mander of the bri^e gave the order to retreat, 
which they did in excellent order across the bridge 
of the south branch of the Shenandoah. 

Mapes was then ordered to bum the bridge, 
which was accordingly fired by placing upon it 
piles of fence-rails, but was not destroyed, for tho 
rebels came on so closely and hotly that they 
were driven away, and did not succeed in the 
attempt 

They soon arrived at and crossed the bridge on 
the north branch of the Shenandoah, which they 
succeeded in firing and destroying, but not, how- 
ever, in detaining the rebels, who, cavalry and 
infantry, plunged in and forded it, and were soon 
upon the other side. 

Soon was received the unwelcome news that 
the enemy had surrounded them, flanking them 
with their superior numbers both by right and left. 

Our men, undaunted, dashed upon them with 
such vigor as to effect their escape, and cut their 
way out from the coils the rebels had thrown 
around them, not, however, without being again 
surrounded and so effectually beset on every 
side, behind and before, with the most insur- 
mountable superiority both in the numbers and 
freshness of the rebel troops, that they were com- 
pletely destroyed or captured, together with their 
noble Colonel and other field-officers. 

The severity of the fighting beggars all attempts 
at description. Not a private soldier, not an offi- 
cer in the whole regiment, but fought vrith a des- 
peration and determination not to surrender to 
rebels and foes of their country, which has placed 
them already upon the most heroic and brilliant 
pages of all history. The slaughter, which was 
commenced and continued until they were com- 
pletely powerless, was terrific. 

The loyal Marylanders encountered them hand 
to hand, fighting when a crowd of rebels were 
upon a single opponent, and instances of individ- 
ual bravery have been mentioned to me which 
seem almost fabulous. 

No man upon the field of battle ever managed 
his soldiers with more coolness, judgment, and 
bravery than did Col. Kenly. His cry to his men 
was not " go," but ** come with me," and they 
did so, every man of them. 

When ordered to surrender, he shot the one 
who demanded it, and when overpowered and 
summoned to give up his sword, he broke the 
blade in halves, was shot, wounded, placed in an 
ambulance, and aflerwards^-I tell it not on the 
testimony of one but of many — while being car- 
ried away was killed by a pistol-shot fired at him 
as he lay wounded in the vehicle. 



62 



REBELLION RECORD, 1862. 



I have had some personal acquaintance with 
the lamented Colonel, and have admired those 
qualities which made him so excellent and honora- 
ble a soldier. He was apparently a man of mild 
disposition, thoughtful, kind, considerate, and 
actuated bj nothing so much as by a fiiithful 
sense of duty. 

He was a Baltimorean, and a lawyer of fine abi- 
lity, and esteemed by a large number of friends. 
His loss is deeply felt in the (Syision, and his worth 
acknowledged by all 

The forces engaged upon our side comprised 
aght oompdnies of Uie Maryland First, two com- 
panies of the Twenty-ninth Pennsylvania, two 
companies Ira Harris Guard, two pieces artillery 
of Capt Knipes's battery, and Capt Mapes^s pio- 
neer corps of fifty-six men. 

One gun, which was carried off the field and 
brought to within a few miles of Winchester, was 
abandoned, necessarily, and captured by the ene- 
my before the following morning. 

One o'clock Saturday morning I was awaked to 
make preparations for immediate retreat — inform- 
ed, too, of the principal facts in the account given 
above. The remnant saved from the battle at 
Front Royal had retreated upon the road which 
connects that place with Front Royal, and the 
enemy were known to be in close pursuit 

Their movement, too, seemed evidently intended 
to cut off our connection with Winchester, and we 
saw very naturally before us the prospect of 
an enemy (Ewell) in our front, while Jackson, 
whom we had known to be behind us near Har- 
risonburgh, seemed more than probably intending 
to push upon us in our rear, placing us between 
two fires, each doubtless larger than the little 
command which remained to Gen. Banks after 
the withdrawal of so large a portion of it to reen- 
force other less exposed mvisions of the army. 

We soon learned that the forces of Ewell were 
on the road upon which we were retreating, and 
in front of us. But we moved on, and had pro- 
ceeded three miles beyopd Strasburgh,had crossed 
Cedar Creek bridge, and ascended the hill beyond. 
A consternation seemed to have been created 
ahead of us, indicated by the return of sutlers, 
teamsters, and servants, frightened themselves 
and giving warning to others to look out for the 
shelU which would immediately be bursting over 
our heads. There was for a few moments a rush 
of men, mounted and dismounted, back upon the 
road and through the fields, as if they had already 
seen large numoers of the enemy. 

Shouts were raised, and everything seemed to 
indicate an immediate battle. The soldiers re- 
ceived the intelligence with a shout and with ani- 
mated faces. Orders to halt, right face, were im- 
mediately shouted from the head of the column, 
and repeated all the way down to the other end. 
In a moment all were ordered to take off their 
knapsacks, which were immediately stacked up 
by the roadside, and' guards were appointed over 
them. All were ordered forward at once, and 
the men, though ordered to march, moved almost 
at the speed of double-quick. 

Presently Gen. Williams, who had not yet left 



Strasburgh, came riding rapidly with his staff to 
the head of the column, and the soldiers raised a 
hearty cheer as he passed, which continued up 
the column as he advanced to the front Gen. 
Banks soon followed, and was greeted with simi- 
lar manifestations of pleasure and confidence in 
their commander. We followed closelv, and the 
road was filled with wagons, some broken down, 
others with the mules cut suddenly away, and 
all deserted by their drivers, who had taken 
fright on the appearance of a few of the enemy's 
cavalry, and fled in a miniature Bull Run stam- 
pede. 

The infantry were kept somewhat in the rear, 
until the General and his body-cuard had advanced 
to ascertain the position of the enemy, and the 
space between was filled with the baggage-wagons, 
which were soon being repossessed by their timor- 
ous possessors under the inspiring influence of 
the wagon-master's whip, who, enraged at their 
cowardly rout, was drivmg them back with most 
unmerciful lashes to their deserted charges. Men 
were now seen flocking back, and the baggage- 
train was again suppli^ with teamsters. 

On again we moved, into and through Middle- 
town, and when we reached Newtown, eight 
miles from Winchester, numbers of the enemj's 
cavalry were seen, and we dashed into the village 
and out into a small grove at the farthest end 
of the town, in which several of the enemy were 
seen as soon as we arrived in sight Forty of our 
soldiers had been captured in the town only a 
few hours before our arrival, with a small quan- 
tity of baggage. Most of the captured were sick. 
One of them, who was killed — ^David Dickerson 
was his name, I think — was of company B, Sixty- 
sixth Ohio regiment I saw a lady who was with 
him immediately after he was shot He asked 
for a paper, wrote upon it his name and regiment, 
and wished that "his family should be informed 
of his death. Two hundred of the rebel cavsliy 
had been in the town in the morning, and a man 
who had come in from the Front Royal road stated 
that a lai^ge force of infantry were but a few miles 
away. We passed through, however, without 
meeting them and on to Winchester and en- 
camped. 

Our early and rapid march prevented the ac- 
complishment of their contemplated plan to crush 
us between the upper and nether millstone, and 
the disaster they would have accomplished was 
postponed until the following day, (Sunday.) This 
in the front 

The other end of our column encountered the 
force which was to have been sent to attack our 
rear. First the Zouaves d'Afrique, body-guard 
of Gen. Banks, had been stationed in the rear to 
bum the bridge across Cedar Creek, three miles 
from Strasburgh, after all had passed except the 
cavalry, under Gen. Hatch, who were yet to come 
up and would ford the river. While they were 
besmearing the bridge with tar, unsuspecting any 
danger, the enemy charged down upon them from 
the mountain on the left, cutting them up in a 
most unmerciful manner, and capturing all of 
them except five. 



DOOUMENTa 



63 



These are the names of those who escaped — 
\f. J. Miller, Wm. B. Dah, Robert Gilchrist, Her- 
man Clingman, Benjamin Reynolds, and Theo- 
dore BardsalL 

All the rest are gone. The others, whether 
kilied, wounded or prisoners, it is impossible for 
me to ascertain. More information may possibly 
be received soon. 

The rapid flight of cavalry caused a great panic 
unoDg the teamsters, who fled from their wagons, 
irhile some upset them and others of them broke 
down; cattle got loose and joined in the general 
stampede, and horses breaking loose, joined their 
neighing and galloping to the great miUe, The 
rebel cavalry came up, and more than a hundred 
wigons were taken possession of by the enemy. 

The cayalry which were behind hare suffered 
much more than I am able now definitely to 
speak o£ They were ordered at daylight, when 
the infkntiy ana artillery and ba^age had started 
toward Wbchester, to make a reoonnoissance to 
Woodstock to see if anything could be learned 
of the anticipated attack in the rear. They were 
cut off by the cavalry of the enemy and unable 
to retoni. More particulars in regard to this I 
vill forward soon. 

Company A, however, of the Vermont cavalry, 
were all lost, captured, or killed,^ except Gapt 
Piatt, his lieutenant, and half a dozen men, who 
nade good their escape from the toils of the ene- 
my most creditably. Major Collins is among the 
ttptured, and Major Sawyer, whose horse fell 
under him and injured his foot, made good his 
«cape with no further injury. 

The loss in the cavalry it is impossible to state 
«t present with any accuracy. After wandering 
^ugh the roads and forests, they arrived in 
Wbchester by midnight, and the remnant of 
them were on hand next day. 

Ailer a long and anxious day's march, preceded 
bj a half-night's sleep, disturbed by uncertain 
ronmra of the disaster of Col. Kenly, I retired to 
fat in the town of Winchester, and dropped off 
ifito quiet slumbers, from which, by daybreak 
upon the following morning, the voices of cannon 
^ the rattle of musketry, coming in through 
^J open window, brought me suddenly to the 
consdoasness that ano&er day must be broken 
■Jf its peaceful quiet by the fierce and unnatural 
Plaits of war. I listened to the sounds and 
aw the smoke which rose from the hills, but 
three miles distant 

The people with whom I remained were gazing 
witherward as upon an interesting spectacle, re- 
joicing that Jackson was again coming to free 
them from the Northern yoke. 

During my breakfast I heard the tramping of 
hwses upon the road, and the heavy rolling of ar- 
t;liery over the pavements. Certainly, I thought, 
Iftere can be no haste ; we shall not be compelled 
to leave Winchester. 

, 1 ordered, however, my horse to be immediate- 
•J ^dled, and continued sipping my coffee with 
^«7 little concern. 

"*seotly there was a commotion, a sobbing 
^'^^ the women, and a running to and fro, 



which brought mo to my ffeet in time to find our 
forces were started on a hasty retreat ; and, as I 
saw flames rising from the burning buildings not 
far ofi^ and heavy columns of smoke roll upward 
from them, I began to realize that we were to 
abandon Winchester. 

But I took to my horse with all speed now, for 
the enemy were in the other end of the town, as 
the rattle and echo of the musketry up the streets 
and between the houses most plainly indicated. 

All the streets were in commotion. Cavalry 
were rushing disorderly away, and infantry, fright- 
ened by the rapidity of their mounted companions, 
were in consternation. All were trying to escape 
faster than their neighbors, dreading most of all 
to be the last ^ 

Presently the enemy's cannon boomed in the 
rear, and a small cloud of smoke in the sky, sud- 
denly appearing, and then dissolving, showed 
where the ball had exploded. Some shells fell 
among our men, and the panic was quite general 
for a short time. 

One round-shot, a six-pounder, passing near 
me, went directly over the shoulder of my com- 
panion, and, brushing the blanket of the one next 
to me, fell to the ground. Guns, knapsacks, cart- 
ridge-boxes, bayonets, and bayonet-cases lay scat- 
tered upon the ground in great profusion, thrown 
away by the panic-stricken soldiers. Your cor- 
responaent, vnshing to leave one musket less for 
the maintenance of the rebellion, furnished him- 
self with one of the abandoned rifles and other 
equipments sufficient to furnish a thoroughly ap- 
pointed Soldier. But this confusion and disorder 
was not of long duration. General Banks, riding 
continually among the men, and addressing them 
kindly and firmly, shamed them to a consideration 
of their unbefitting consternation. At length, 
stationing himself and staff with several others 
across a field through which the soldiers were 
rapidly fleeing, the men were ordered to stop 
their flight, were formed into line, and made to 
march on more in a soldier-like manner. 

What occurred in the extreme rear of the col- 
umn I am unable to state with much confidence. 
Col. Donnelly, Acting Brigadier-General — the fate 
of one of whose regiments, the First Maryland, 
has been already stated — with two of his regi- 
ments, the Twenty-eighth New-York and Fifth 
Connecticut, is reported, and on good authority, 
as captured. 

During the fight, which continued for two 
hours before the retreat from Winchester, the 
brigade behaved admirably and repulsed the ene- 
my, but being outflanked by superior numbers, 
they were compelled to withdraw. 

Our forces, Donnelly's brigade on the left and 
Gordon's upon the right, were in position along a 
gorge between two hUls. The Second Massachu- 
setts was firing upon the enemy from behind a 
stone-wall, when, being opened upon by an enfi- 
lading fire fiiom the enemy who had come upon 
our fiank, they had to escape from them, coming 
as they were m vastly superior numbers. 

The enemy are said to have fought well. At 
one point they came up in a large hollow square, 



64 



BEBELUON RECORD, 1868. 



single file upon the front and back, and double 
file upon either side. Marching up thus to within 
a certain distance, thej were ordered to halt, to 
fix bayonets and charge, which they did in good 
order. 

Col. Gordon and staff are safe, also Qea Wil- 
liams and staff. While retreatmg through Win- 
chester, women fit>m the houses opened fire of 
pistols upon our soldiers and killed a great many 
of them. 

Lieut -Col. Brown, Twenty-eighth New-Tork, 
is said to have been killed ; Col. Knipe, Forty- 
sixth Pennsylvania, wounded and taken prisoner ; 
CoL Murphy, Twenty-ninth Pennsylyania, killed, 
and many others. 

I must reserve, for fear of misstatementsw more 
particulars of the battle of Winchester. It was 
fought not far from the ground upon which the 
previous battle was fought The numbers of the 
anemy are variously sUted. The line of battle 
which they presented was of such an extent that 
(heir force must have been very large. 

I have heard no one estimate it at less than 
twenty thousand, and many state it higher. 

I refrain from any statement without further 
(acts.^ 

Our own force, diminished as it has been, was 
not over five thousand. 

The column retreated, after the slight panic to 
which I have alluded, in good order, pursued by 
the enemy beyond Martinsburgh. The baggage- 
train proceeded as far as the Potomac, and many 
of the teams have been conveyed across upon 
ferry-boats this evening. 

many of the soldiers who had been precipitate 
m their fiight have crossed the river, and are now 
at Williamsport and at this place. The cavalry 
and many of the mules forded the river, the wa- 
ter coming nearly over the horses' backs in the 
deepest of it, and running quite rapidly too. In 
this manner your correspondent made his escape 
into Maryland, and to the nearest telegraph sta- 
tion and post-office. 

The operator at Martinsbureh had left the 
town on the first rumor of a battle at Winchester, 
and taken the instruments with him. The whole 
town seemed deserted, the stores were closed, and 
if the bells had tolled solemnly I should have 
seen no impropriety in it 

Many Union people came along with us, and 
ne^oes and negresses, children and youth, tot- 
tenng old men and helpless babes, some on foot 
and some in wagons, were joining the promiscu- 
ous throng moving on to the safe side of the Po- 
tomac. 

Both towns, Williamsport and Hagerstown, are 
thronged with soldiers and refugees: 

BOSTON ••TRATKLLKB** A0COT7NT. 

Whjiamspoit, Wd.^ If ay 28. 
That this army corps has been forced to retire 
with great rapidity, that It mourns the loss of 
many a brave soldier, and that it has sacrificed 
considerable army stores, is true. But that it 
has been " attacked and utterly routed," as your 
''usiastic Qovemor announces, is new to this 



locality. An overwhelming force has indeed cut 
up one regiment, the First Maryland, and hu 
driven us to the Potomac : but our retreat wis 
conducted in good order. A wagonotrain of eight 
milei long lost only fifty wagons, and we brought 
off all our artillery, losing only one cusson. A 
retreat of fifty-three miles is made by seven thou- 
sand men pursued closely by at least fifteen thou- 
sand ; standing at one time three hours and i 
half in battle from which our force retired in good 
order, baffling every charge, is no rout At least 
honor is safe. 

The immediate occasion of this disaster was the 
removal of Gen. Shields's division of ten thousand 
men or more from Gen« Banks's corps. There is 
reason to believe that urgent remonstrances were 
made, but uselessly, and ^t strong representa- 
tions that Jackson had been heavily reenforced, 
met only with incredulify. All that ooddhe 
done was to watch carefully and hope for the 
best 

But when Jackson, with twenty-five thousand, 
found that this whole army corps was reduced to 
nine regiments of infkntry, sixteen guns, and a 
few squadrons-of cavalry — two regiments of which 
were miles away firom the main body guarding a 
long line of railroad — ^how could he hesitate? 

So on Friday noon CoL Kenly's raiment was 
suddenlv attacked at Front Royal, ten miles east 
of Strasbur^h, and was pretty thoroughly annihi- 
lated. Tidings came in a few hours to Gen. 
Banks, and scouts and refugees reported that 
Jackson was advandng in force. When satisfied 
of that, wa^on-tralns were started for Winchester, 
and at midnight regimental trains were sent 
northward. It was understood that Jackson, by 
advancing by the road fit)m Front Royal to Win- 
chester, would be in our rear. At eleven the 
next day the men, who had been under anus 
since midnight, were put on the march for Win- 
chester, starting, it appears, about the same time 
that Jackson would from Front Royal on the con- 
verging road. In the march, our infantry passed 
quite a large part of the wagon-train. One r^- 
ment, with a section of Hampton's battery and a 
howitzer from Best's, being rear-guard, CoL Don- 
nelly's brigade led, ours (CoL Gordon) followed. 

There was no annoyance until about three p.K-t 
at which time the Second Massachusetts had 
marched twelve miles jfrom Strasburgh, and about 
a mile and a half above Newtown. Reports then 
came that the enemy, advancing fix)m the parallel 
road, had cut off* a portion of our wagon-train. 
The fact seems to be that various cowardly wag- 
oners had fled on the attack, cut traces, tipped 
wagons over, etc. CoL Gordor!, with the Second 
Massachusetts, the Twenty-eighth New-York, and 
a section of Best's battery under Lieut Gushing, 
was ordered back. The Twenty-seventh Indiana 
was found near the town in line, and two sections 
of Cothron's battery were firing upon cavalry in 
the edge of a wood on the left. Lieut -CoL An- 
drews, with the Second, was ordered to take the 
town. Deploying companies A and C (Captains 
Abbott and Cogswell) as skirmishers, CoL An- 
drews advanced with the grms, in the &ce of > 



DOCUHKNTB. 



65 



well-^Fected fire from the enemy's artillery, post- 
ed in the street and in view of their cavahy. The 
shelU burst too close to be endured, but our men* s 
fire drove them speedily out of town to heights 
bejond, where they amused themselves with ar- 
tillerj practice, with little or no effect The 
pUce was held till sunset, when the order to 
withdraw was given — ^time having thus been saved 
for the main train to move on, and for the bum- 
k% of wagons left helpless, after Col. Gordon had 
eodetvored unsuccessfully to have mules sent 
btck. Compaoies A and fbllowed as rear- 
guard, and B (Cap! Williams) as flankers. 

Oo their return to Newtown, knapsacks had 
beeo left in a field to relieve the mem They were 
1^ taken ; but before companies A, B, and C 
could be relieved to get theirs, a very pretty affiur 
tooic place. Hoo& were heard, and soon cavalry 
appeured; but the skirmishers, under Major 
Dwi^sht, were ready. Part of company A on one 
side of the road and of company on the other, 
with platoons from the two in the centre, under 
Lieat Grafton, the latter formed in square, wait- 
ing until the enemy were but a few yards off, 
poured in such musketry as sent them back 
broken. Soon after company I (Capt Under- 
wood) rdieved A and G, and took its station near 
a bridge. Down came cavalry again, but Fs men 
net them with perfect coolness, but with, a hot 
fire, under which the rebel riders wilted instantly. 
It waa so dark that the amount of damage could 
D^ be ascertuned. Then company I was tried 
with tniantry, took its fire, and returned it with 
splendid success. For ten minutes the fire was 
sbirp OB both sides, when it slackened. In those 
£ew minutes, out of a little over forty men, fifteen 
hadfidlen; but not a man wavered in that gal- 
hntband. At A subsequent period the enemy 
fried to make a cavalry charge, but their officers 
in Tain swore at them as cowards; it was of no 
Dse; they could not be brought to stand the cool 
fire of our men. 

On the column moved to Kernstown, five miles 
^ Winchester. Here a halt was ordered. But 
tbe enemy soon poured in a fire which told on 
^ men, exposed by their relief against the light- 
<^orai road, while the enemy were in shadow. 
So it quietly mowed on, in perfect order. Here, 
however, a mischance occurred. Dr. Leland, at- 
tending most faithfully to wounded men in a 
l^ense near by, did not leave the poor fellows, and 
is undwbtedly a prisoner. 

At Winchester the two brigades halted, just out 
of town. The men went into bivouac, without 
^ with little food, with no coffee. It was two 
o'clock when the men slept — slept as well as they 
could in the midst of the firing all night Com- 
ply C was on picket duty, and notwithstanding 
its great fatigue, skirmished till morning, often 
oi»ttpported. 

At daylight all were called to arms. The 
pu^ets had returned. Col Donnelly's brigade 
vuon the left of the road going out of Winches- 
ter* CoL Gordon placed his on a ridge on the 
right of the road, the Second Massachusetts hav- 
ing the right A tittle ravine was in £ront below 

Vol. v.— Doa 6 



them, artillery on higher eround in the rear. 
Here, firom the time the pi(ucets were driven in, 
the two brigades stood three hourt and a half 
against twenty-eight regimente^ distinctly counted. 
Col. Donnelly's forces maintained their ground 
well. CoL Qordon's, which was on higher ground, 
and held the key to the position, was more heav- 
ily attacked. Qrape was poured in in storms. 
One shell told beautifully. CoL Andrews sent 
company D (Capt Savage) to the right to annoy 
the rebel batteries, and, by and by, company gT, 
(Capt Carey,) who, nearer the rebel lines and 
somewhat sheltered by a low wall, completely si- 
lenced one gun, the gunners not daring to ap- 
proach it even to carry it off. Here casualties 
occurred. Capt Carey himself was knocked over 
by a stone hit by a rebel shell, which killed a 
man by his side. But regiments were seen pour- 
ing to our right The two companies had to be 
called in. 

As the rebel troops, in heavy masses, were 
moving to flank our right, CoL Gordon ordered 
the Twenty-seventh Indiana and Twenty-ninth 
Pennsylvania to the right of the Second Massa- 
chusetts, but forming an oblique angle with its 
front These rushed with cheers and b^an fir- 
ing — in fact too quickly to be orderly. As the 
rebel regiments were movine round, soon the 
brigade would have been crushed. The Twenty- 
seventh Indiana and Twenty-ninth Pennsylvania 
fell back. Then it was necessary to advance or 
retreat Our Second, then in line, broke into 
column '*by company right wheel,'* as undis^ 
turbed as though at an afternoon drill, though 
und^ a perfect storm of bullets, and marched off 
in column by 6ompanies. "Retreat steadily," 
CoL Gordon had said, and CoL Andrews would 
do that at any time. Winchester was entered, 
the enemy in hot pursuit Yet the Second was 
too steady to run. In a side-street, CoL An- 
drews, wishing to change the position of certain 
companies, brought the regiment into b'ne, even 
having his guides out to secure a good alignment^ 
and having the men dress as on parade, and went 
on, by flank. 

Then came the march through Winchester. It 
was a savage one. The Second were the rear, 
but all fared much alike. Citizens shot from 
windows, threw hand-grenades, struck at our 
men with clubs — citizens I Women did it; wo- 
men shot wounded men ; women threw hot water 
on them; women killed prisoners. At last for- 
bearance ceased. Volleys were poured into 
houses ; rooms were entered and assassins bay- 
oneted; any public property was fired, and 
streets were swept by the conflagration ; ord- 
nance exploded ; cavahry rode down stragglers ; 
but the Second, then the rear -guard, never 
wavered — not a company broke — not a gap was 
to be seen. "Steady — steady,** and the disci- 
pline of this brave and noble set of soldiers then 
told. 

It may seem strange to some that these citizen- 
assassins were fought — without regard to place— 
though not except in reply to murder. But wo- 
men pbtoled sick men. Bebels had set fire to 



06 



REBELUOir RBCORD, 186S. 



hospitals while sick men were in them. Prisoners 
had been bayoneted. The bUck flag had been 
actually flung to the breeze. Cavalry had de- 
liberately rode down some unarmed sick men, 
who in fear had left a hospital, and with their 
sabres murdered them in scores. Such is South- 
em chivalry. And when any regiment of this 
brigade marches back to Winchester, when the 
vanguard leaves, Winchester will have been a 
dty of the past 

Against this rear the rebel cavahy pressed in 
vain. Shot and shell could not break it And a 
few miles out of Winchester, Gen. Banks ordered 
a halt to reform any disordered regiments. It 
was done, and the corps moved on, the enemy 
harassing in vain. Martinsburgh was reached, 
and Williamsport — thirteen miles on. The Poto- 
mac was then reached in the evening. A battle 
bad been fought and thirty-five miles marched 
that day. The train crossed and was in safety. 
Towards evening the troops passed over, except 
that the Second Massachusetts and the noble 
Third Wisconsin, who had stood as if made up 
of brothers that day, left each four companies, 
still doing duty on the Virginia shore. 

I have said little of any but of our Second, both 
because it will answer the enquiries of Massachu- 
setts readers, and because it had the hardest 
fighting. Its loss it cannot yet tell, as more are 
hoped to have escaped, who sank from sickness 
in crowds. But, as yet, the noble Major Dwight, 
as gallant an officer as ever lived, generous, be- 
loved, who commanded the reserve of the Second, 
and with the most perfect composure and skill 
fought for hours, there is much reason to fear 
will never return. Drs. Leland and Stone are 
both prisoners. Capt Mudge and Lieut Crown- 
inshicld are both injured though not fatally. In 
all, fourteen are known to be killed, forty are 
known to be wounded, and one hundred and 
thirty are missing ; as many have come in ; there 
is reason to fear that, of the latter number, many 
are wounded and some dead. 

If we have felt sad that the Second has had no 
such chance as other Massachusetts regiments — 
now it has been tried. It has marched in retreat 
fifty-three miles in thirty-two hours, in perfect 
order, though fighting a Urge part of the way, 
and for most of it was rear-guard, followed by an 
overwhelming force. It fought three hours and 
a half as one of seven regiments against twenty- 
eight — a portion of four thousand men against 
fifteen. Its colonel, Gordon, brave, cool, ener- 
p?ti(!, not only handled his brigade well, but is 
dcdarod by the General to have been of veiy 
groat ppTsonal service. Its lieutenant -colonel, 
conimHndin^, has Justified the high character he 
hus kUvays Ijad. The regiment fired by orders, 
as evenly aa if in mere practice. Of its officers 
and privates not a single man was known to 
ffio<^ Putnam. 

A Vro^^Ut^ ACXX>T7NT Of THE RXTRBAT. 

^I^ wrtter of the subjoined letter to the Boston 
^^>l w the wife of Rev. C. W. Denison, 



formerty pastor of the l^agara street Baptist 
Church in Boston : 

Having had an opportunity of being netr a bat- 
tle-field, and a shmr in some of the privations 
incident to army life, I thought a short account 
of the fight in and retreat fixmi Winchester, taken 
fix>m a woman's stand-point of view, would not 
be uninteresting to your readers. Last Saturday 
morning when I went the rounds of the hospitals 
in that city, how little I expected that I was look- 
ing my last upon so many of our poor wounded 
boys. We then looked for reenforcements by 
every train, having heard that Gen. Banks and 
his army were coming towards Winchester. To- 
wards noon the army supplies and ambulances 
came pouring in, and then the report was that 
the wagons were to be camped on the Fair 
grounds, half a mile from town. The Unionists 
there had confidence in Banks, while the seces- 
sionists put on a bolder fiace than ever, dressed 
themselves in their best, and made entertainment 
for Jackson's army. 

Little we thought, as we heard their imperti- 
nent remarks, that we should '* see who would 
rule to-morrow," that their boasting was to be 
verified. Soon came the foot-soldiers, weaiy and 
travel-worn, by tens and fifties. People b^an to 
say, "This looks like a retreat;" still we had 
hope. By night matters grew desperate. There 
was fighting. The rebels were pouring in upon 
our soldiers, exhausted by the march, from cTeiy 
point The Union men grew thoughtful, some 
of them left the city, while still the immense 
train, portions of cavalry and tired foot-soldiers, 
passed on. All this time reenforcements were 
surely comine — but they never came. " They 
are twenty, thirty, forty to our one," the soldiers 
said, when we questioned them about the rebel 
forces. 

In the morm ng, Winchester presented a strange 
sight Vehicles of every description, crowded with 
sick soldiers and citizens, came by the door. The 
contrabands fiocked by, each with his little bun- 
dle. Whole &milies of negroes, some with huge 
packs strapped on head and shoulders, little child- 
ren almost too small to walk, lean horses carrying 
two and three, went following the train. Mean- 
time, the thunder of cannonading had commenced. 
Nearer and nearer it came. The cry went forth 
that the rebels were driving our forces. We had 
engaged a carriage, but it failed us. As the sheUs 
b^n to pour into the doomed city, we arailed 
ourselves of the ofier of some side soldiers, who 
had already crowded an old army wagon, and 
leaving everything behind us, we took passage in 
the retreating train, doubtfiil if we should get 
away. 

By the time we were one mile fix>m the city, 
many of the buildings were in flames. Our men 
first fired the houses of storage and blew up the 
powder-magazines. The reikis directed their 
shells on the hospitals, firing nearly all God 
knows how many qf our poor boys burned to 
death. The report is, and that from the doctors, 
that they killed all they found alive, even the 
women nurses, of whom there were fi)ur who re- 



DOCUHSKTS. 



67 



mained. Meantime our retreat was covered in r. 
masterly manner. Five mUes from town, after 
the rebels had made a dash into Winchester, our 
nen formed in line of battle. The scene was ex- 
diing beyond description. We were stopped by 
i difBcolt fording-plaoe, and where three or four 
raids direrged £n>m the main street 

At my moment we expected the rebels might 
cot off our retreat To the right the in&ntry 
filed off— and the artillery planted— to the left, 
two regiments of cavalry were forming, their offi- 
cers dishing fh>m point to point, while along the 
roads squads of soldiers rode out to reconnoitre. 
In giz hours we entered Martinsburgh, our men 
fitting m the rear almost constantly, and keep- 
ing off the enemy at every point Many a sick. 
soldier wearily plodded along, animated by hopes 
of liberty on the Maryland side ; now and then a 
vonnded horse staggered by, the blood running 
where the ball entered. Our progress was neces- 
Stfily slow, and men came dashing by with all 
kinds of reports. Stall there was nothing like a 
panic 

At ICirtinsburgh the order was to press on to 
Wllliamsport, m£ ; so, leaving a regiment of cav- 
alry drawn up in battle-array, we continued our 
monotonous journey, arriving at the bank of the 
Potomac at five o^clock in the afternoon. The 
men and horses forded the river, and a rope ferry- 
boat was soon arranged for the heavy train. I 
^nk there never was a more thankful company 
of human beings than those of us who stood upon 
the shores of Maryland last night 

To^y, at five o'clock, nearly all the train had 
crossed. Gen. Banks and staff came in about 
ooon. I have been several hours among the 
vounded. It is a pitiful sight to see them brought 
in ooTered with blood. Poor fellows ! they bear 
their misfortunes with heroism. 

Few generals could, with a force so dispropor- 
tionate, have been equal to Gen. Banks — fewer 
stin would have had the bravery even to defend 
their sapplies in so masterly a maimer. There 
VM DO confusion, no flinching. The saddest part 
^ the matter is the treatment we have reason to 
^ the Union people will experience from the 
b*nd8 of the rebels. They have no humanity. 
Tbej kill our wounded soldiers, and even our 
womeo Durses are said to be shot It is evident 
tlttt they are too lenientlv dealt by. Several 
oooipsnies carried the black flag, and their cry 
^ : '* No quarter T' It is rumored that Shields 
i« in their rear. If he is, farewell to the rebel 
•nny of the Valley. On this side of the river our 
irtiJlery is planted — they are hemmed in as they 
nercr were before. Should Winchester be retaken 
■«», ss we have reason to believe it will be, I 
*»U return there. Very trulv yours, 

^ Mabt a. Dekison. 

WnuAjvoB^ ICbl 

Doc. 16. 
BATTLE OF HANOVER COURT-HOUSE, VA. 
A ooRuspovDxirr of the New-Tork World gives 
the following account of this fight : 



H ua ' mmwM , Hmra Oomnr, Ta., I 

(SUteen MUei North of Richmond.) I 

Wfldneidi^, Uaj S8. ) 

One of the most brilliant movements anu 
achievements yet accomplished by any of our ar- 
mies was consummated with the settine of yes* 
terday's sun. The rapidity which which it was 
done and the happy results following it, all com- 
bine to mark it as a living incident in the history 
of this army's work, which history shall fitly pre- 
serve and time never wipe out 

The outline of operations is briefly this : For 
some days past the enemy have been throwing 
forces upon our right flank, in the direction of 
Hanover Court-House, extending their pickets to 
Old Church, thus annoying our right and even 
threatening our communications with our water- 
base. It became necessary to dispose of this 
force, as well as to cut the communications of the 
enemy by the Virginia Central and Richmond 
and Fredericksburgh railroads. A heavy force 
was therefore thrown suddenly between Rich- 
mond and Hanover yesterday morning, two spir- 
ited and even severe engagements fought, the 
enemy totally dispersed with heavy loss, our 
flank cleared, and the railroad disabled. 

The force selected for this important work was 
Gen- G. W. Morell's division of Gen. Fitz-John 
Porter's Fifth Provisional Army Corps. I have 
in former letters fitly spoken of this spirited and 
admirably disciplined body of men. No words of 
adulation from my pen can add to the honor won 
by them yesterday. Every bosom breathes a fer- 
vent '^ God bless you " for the magnificent man- 
ner in which thev not only proved their reputa- 
tion but upheld their country's cause in an hour 
of severe trial. 

Orders at midnight of Monday were issued to 
each regiment for preparations to march on Tues- 
day morning at four o'clock, in light marching 
trim, the men carrying nothing but their arms, 
canteens, haversacks, and rubber ponehoB, Morn- 
ing came. Reveille beat at three a.x. A drench- 
ing rain was pouring down. Fires were smoth- 
ered as soon as buSt, and many could get no 
breakfast, not even a cup of the much-needed 
cofiee, for the prospective march. Cold rations 
for two days were hastily crowded into haver- 
sacks ; canteens fillled with gushing spring-water ; 
cartridge-boxes inspected, filled, and twenty 
rounds additional given to each man. "Bayo- 
nets brightly gleaming" was all unappreciated 
poetry, for as each brigade filed out into the deep 
and heavy roads, nothing but the spatter of mud 
and rain accompanied the tramp of the many 
hundred armed men. Cold, cheerless, discour- 
aging was the weather. But wmething was 
aheaid. Men, dismantled of all the usual luggage 
attending a regular move, felt that their march 
could not be very long, and knew that something 
would probably come of it So despite all the 
combinations of the elements, the march was 
taken up at a lively step, and ere the neighborly 
but sleeping divisions knew of the departure the 
long, daj*k colunin of soldiery had disappeared 
and were already miles away. 

The direct road to Mechanicsville was at firtt 



68 



B£BELUON RECORD, 1862. 



pursued, and there were not ft few who thought 
ft demonstration directly on Richmond seriously 
intended. Five, six, and seven miles hftd pftssed ; 
no enemy in sight ftnd no Richmond in view. 
"Where are we going?" fled from mouth to 
mouth. Gradually hut surely the division hore 
more and more to the right Pocket-compftsses 
were consulted, ftnd the column was found to he 
heading now west, then north-west Then came 
the responses, " ten," " twelve," and even " four- 
teen " miles to Richmond, as the wondering sol- 
diers questioned the still more wondering inhahit- 
ants who crowded doors and windows to witness 
the passage of such a host But few in the col- 
umn, very few indeed, had any idea of the oh- 
ject or direction of the march. But no questions 
were asked. By ten o'clock the dismal, over- 
hanging clouds had disappeared, and the moving 
column was sweltering in the rays of a sultry 
sun. Soon after the head of the column suddenly 
turned to the right, pursuing a course directly 
north. A battery was planted at the intersect- 
ing comer of the roads, a regiment detailed to 
support it, and the brigades again moved rapidly 
on. 

A brief halt at the intersection gave time for a 
few questions. A pocket-map or two was con- 
sulted, and it was found that we were thirteen 
miles north of Richmond and five from Hanover 
Oourt-House, with the evident intention of mov- 
ing on the latter place. The Virginia Central 
Railroad was here reported to be but a mile and 
a half west of us. The Twenty-second Massa- 
chusetts, Col. Gove, was ordered to strike the 
track, disable the road, and then march north- 
ward on it, joining the main body two or three 
miles above. The regiment obeyed, and as will 
subsequently be seen, did their work. 

A brief allusion as to what we hoped to find at 
or near Hanover is proper here. As late as Sun- 
day, the twenty-fifth instant, a strong brigade of 
rebels had been posted there, believed to be com- 
posed of six North-Carolina regiments, command- 
ed by Lawrence O'Brien Branch, formerly mem- 
ber of ConCTess, but more latterly brigadier-gen- 
eral, with the smell of defeat upon his garments, 
he having encountered Burnside at Newbem in 
March last, the retreat from which, it will be 
seen, did not prove to be his last march. His 
regiments are: Seventh, Twelfth, Eighteenth, 
Twenty-eighth, Thirty-third, and Thirty-eighth 
North-Carolina State troops. Their strength is 
represented by members of the same to approach 
nearly to the maximum standard of one thousand 
men each. This force was certainly all at Hano- 
ver on Sunday. From secession, but reliable 
sources, we learn further that it was the inten- 
tion of the enemy to reenforce the position strong- 
ly. By throwing a strong column between Han- 
over and Richmond, this force might be cut o^ 
and possibly captured entire. This was our 
hope ; now for the realization. 

When the division reached a point possibly 
two miles north of the interseetion of the roads, 
the advanced guard, composed of cavalry, the 
Twenty-fifth New-York infantry, CoL Johnson, 



and a section of artillery, the pickets of the enemy 
were discovered. The skirmishers opened fire, 
and the rebels slowly withdrew for a mile or sa 
They were rapidly pureued by the Twenty-fifth, 
who thus got some distance in advance of the 
main column, and even ahead of the protecting 
section of Benson's light battery, which was in 
front Near the residence of Dr. Kinney, at the 
forks of the main road— one leading by the right 
hand to Richmond, and the other by the left hand, 
circuitously, to Mechanicsville — the rebels drew 
up in line of battle, in an open field, but behind 
a house and in support of two of their own field- 
pieces, thus making a respectable show for a fight 
Col. Johnson boldly pressed forward, and engag- 
ed them at close range, making hot work of it for 
both sides, for at least fifteen minutes before any 
supports arrived. The enemy were driven from 
behind their sheltering places, but suddenly a 
force of them appeared from the woods, on the 
right flank of the Twenty-fifth, and succeeded in 
capturing a part of company G, carrying them to 
their rear promptly as prisoners. Col. Johnson 
now anxiously looked for help, when a section of 
Marin's Massachusetts battery came up, followed 
by a couple of pieces firom Griffin's regular bat- 
tery, which soon fixed the earnest attention of 
the rebels who were firing grape and shell from 
their twelve-pound howitzers with great vigor. 
Here comes the siuririse. From the cool and 
determined stand of the rebels, it was evident that 
they conceived the force in sight to be our total 
strength, and that it would be an easy matter to 
repulse or capture it But word luid gone to 
Gen. Butterfield, who speedily ordered the Seven- 
teenth New- York, Col. Lansing, and the Eighty- 
third Pennsylvania, Col. McLane, into the timber 
on the left of the road, to deploy, and come out 
well on the enemy's flank. With a buret of en- 
thusiasm, in went both regiments, the Seventeenth 
covering the front with a strong line of skirmish- 
ers. In a trice they appeared in the wheat-field 
on the left, and with incredible rapidity formed 
line of battle, the Seventeenth coming up on the 
right with the regularity and coolness of a dress- 
parade, supported by the Twelfth New-York, CoL 
Weeks, in column by division, while the Eighty- 
third took the left of the line, supported by the 
Sixteenth Michigan, CoL Stockton, in the same 
manner. The rebels at once perceived the vitality 
of this movement They had not anticipated it 
Surprised, then confused, a well-directed volley 
caused them firat to waver, and then to fly with 
all the speed at their command, scattering, like a 
covey of partridges, in evenr direction. Another 
volley picked off most of their men at the guns, 
when forward went the Seventeenth with a yell, 
on the double-quick ; the cannon were abandoned 
without even a spike, and the pursuit of the re- 
treating enemy kept up for two and a half miles, 
to Hanover Court-House, before the regiments 
finally brought up. Prisoners at once b^^n to 
be brought in. The men of the Seventeenth and 
Eighty-third regiments hunted them and dragged 
them from their hiding-places with great g^sto ; 
within an hour fifty to sixty had been brought 



DOCTTMBNTS. 



60 



in and confined in a barn to the rear of the house 
where CoL Johnson was re-gathering his regi- 
ment^ and bringing together the brare ones who 
hsd so gallantly fidlen. Here it was found that 
ill the casualties, about thirty, save one or two 
in the batteries, were in the Twenty-fifth. Lieut- 
C6L Savage, Surgeon Weed, and Lieut Halpin 
were wounded, while Gapt McMahon, Lieut 
Fiske, and Lieut Thompson had baptized their 
patriotism with their life-blood, fidling upon the 
threshold of yictory, fighting to the last, like 
the brave men that they were. Several of the 
most valued non-commissioned oiBoers likewise 
fell here. 

The guns captured were twelve-pound smooth- 
bore brass howitzers, belonging to Latham's cel- 
ebrated New-Orleans battery, and ihey were left 
in good order. The Umber-boxes were nearly 
lull of ammunition, though one of them had been 
blown up by a shell from Griffin during the first 
of the engagement The chai^ of the Seven- 
teenth New-York upon these guns was very 
handsomely done. The superior drill of the 
regiment was manifest in the solid and regular 
front which they preserved in moving forward. 
The officers behaved with coolness and unfiinch- 
ing valor. Major Bartram and Lieut -CoL Morris, 
though both confined to their tents for several 
days previously, were in their saddles, and with 
Colonel McLane and Lieut -GoL Vincent, of 
the Eighty-third Pennsylvania, signalized their 
braTeiT by the capture of numerous prisoners 
single-handed. Gen. Butterfield complimented 
CoL Lansing very highly on his achievement. 

The enemy fied l^yond this point, his confu- 
sion becoming greater at every step. The caval- 
ry pursued by each by-road, and helped to gather 
in the harvest of prisoners. The regiments halt- 
ed briefly at the Court-House, finding it deserted 
of troops, the expected enemy having suddenly 
changed his tactics and moved off Just in time to 
escape our net 

As elsewhere alluded to, the Twenty-second 
Hassachusetts went out on the railroad and took 
up Several hundred feet of the track, following 
op the road to the turnpike-crossing at Peake*s 
Station, Just below where the engagement took 
place: Here orders came back from Gen. Porter 
for the Twenty-second to continue to move up 
the railroad, and for all other regiments, the For- 
ty-fourth and the battery below included, to 
move forward rapidly, as it was expected to meet 
the enemy in large force at or near Hanover. 
CoL Gove returned to the railroad, remarking 
that there were evidences of an attempt by the 
enemy to come upon our rear. The First and 
Second brigades then moved forward, but had 
not DTOceeded far before a cavalry picket rode in 
rapidly and informed Gen. Martindale that the 
ttiemy had brought up a force by rail, which was 
now coming swiftly forward for an attack upon 
our rear, with the very evident and confident 
hope of getting us between two fires, and chew- 
ing us up at their leisure. The Second Maine 
regiment, CoL Roberts, being in the rear, was 
immediately fiu^ed about and stationed by Gen. 



Martindale at the junction oT the road by which 
the divisions had advanced, with the mun turn- 
pike to Richmond running parallel with the rail- 
road. Between these two roads it was supposed 
the enemy would advance. They extendiAl their 
flank, however, so as to cover both sides of the 
road by which we had come, advancing under shel- 
ter of the timber. The Forty-fourth New- York 
GoL Stryker, were here ordered into position on 
the left of Martin's battery, which was supported 
on the right by the Second Maine. The Twenty- 
fifth regiment was also sent for, it' having halted 
at Dr. Kinney's house, the locality of their spirit- 
ed engagement, and were attending to the wants 
of their wounded. Their brave colonel soon ral* 
lied them, having first thanked them in a brief 
speech for their gallantry, and, proceeding to the 
ground, took up a position on the left of the bat- 
tery, before which the enemy had already ap- 
p^u^ed. The Forty-fourth was then ordered to 
deploy into the woods on the left and clear them 
of the rebel skirmishers, in order to protect one 
of our hospitals which was some distance in the 
rear. They started, but an attempt of the ene- 
my on our right flank caused them to be recalled, 
and they returned to their position, engaging 
their opponents vigorously. The fight had now 
become hot Six regiments of rebel infantry 
were in pliun sight Their especial attention 
seemed to be the right flank, where Col. Roberts, 
having taken a good position in the edge of the 
woods, was pouring into them volley after volley 
of the most terrible musketry. CoL Johnson was 
ordered to relieve CoL Roberts, and the Second 
Maine filed off to the right, changing front slight- 
ly, but keeping up its fli^ vrith telling effect 
This movement, urough some unavoidable cir- 
cumstance, exposed both the Twenty-fifth and 
Forty-fourth to an enfilading fire, from which 
they suffered severely. But the Second Maine, 
though low in ammunition, still kept the enemy 
in dieck. He plied the left wing of the Forty- 
fourth desperately, but it was more than a matdi 
for him. CoL Johnson was here wounded, and 
subsequently had his horse shot under him. 
Adjt tioughton, of the same regiment, likewise 
received a flesh-wound in the leg. MaJ. Chapin, 
of the Forty-fourth, received two severe wounds, 
one in the chest and one in the leg. A^jt Knox 
was wounded in the vmst; Lieut Fox in the 
shoulder; Lieut -CoL Rice had his horse killed 
under him, and his sword cut off the belt by a 
musket-baU. But in vain the enemy pressed; 
these three heroic columns, though losing severe- 
ly at every discharge, stood their ground most 
nobly, never yielding an inch. The Second Maine 
finally got out of ammunition, when CoL Roberts 
appealed for a chance to use cold steel if he could 
not get cold lead. 

While this hot fight was going on, the brigades 
which were in the advance were returning on the 
double-quick. They formed in line in the wheats 
field near where the first engagement took place, 
then pressed through the woods vigorously, and 
were soon face to &ce with the enemy, who were 
evidently startled Sy the appearance of so strong 



w 



REBELUOir BBGORD, 186i. 



a reinforcement ButteHleld threw the Eighty- 
third Pennsylrania and Sixteenth Michigan in on 
the left McQuade sent the Sixty-Beoood Penn- 
syWania, Col. Black, in the timber on the ex- 
treme rights deployed mainly as skirmishers, and 
advancing rapidly ; also the Ninth Massachusetts, 
CoL Cass, on ^e left of the Eighty-third. The 
Fourteenth New-York having relieved the Second 
Maine, wasjomed by the Thirteenth New-York, 
from Col. Warren's brigade^ on our left support- 
ed by Berdan*s Sharp-shooters, half of whom 
went in with their Sharpens rifles, doing sure 
work at every shot^ while the balance of the regi- 
ments were held in reserve. Oriffin*s battenr 
now came thundering in, unlimbered and took 
position in a twinkling, and commenced throwing 
shell and shrapnel with excellent effect The 
fresh regiments iKOw pressed forward, the Eighty- 
Uurd Pennsylvania advancing under several vol- 
leys, but reserving its fire for dose quarters, losing 
but slightly. The enemy found the pressure of 
the Sixty-second on his left and the other r^- 
ments in front altogether too great, and, with 
several well-directed volleys, our advancing col- 
umns soon threw him into the direst confusion, 
and he at once beat a precipitate retreat^ under 
the cover of the dense forest in his rear. 

5rke victory vhu awn I All honor to the three 
noble bands who so long held the enemy in check 
without abating an ioU of their foothold ; and 
great praise to the vigorous and timely efforts of 
the brave regiments from Butterfield and Mc- 
Quade, who £rove from the ground a force supe- 
rior to the whole of ours engaged at any one 
time. Butterfleld's efforts, from first to kst, 
were productive of the very best results. 

The results are more than we expected. Up 
to this hour, over six hundred prisoners. Gen. 
Stoneman captured a railway-train. 

JlN OTHKE AOOOUNT. 

Bu I'l UfHUl^l BftlOAIMt, PtMITU*ll DiTlHOVf 1 

Ira PtOTUKUIAL ASKT OOBPfl, \ 

Gamp wmam Hahotbi Oodbt-Boosb, Va., May S9. ) 
Fort Donelson^ Pittsburgh Landing, Williams- 
burgh, Hanover, and Fair Oaks illustrate in this 
war, what is a remarkable &ct in the campaigns 
of both classic and modem times, that the most 
drenching storms and the deepest mud have not 
been able to deter energetic commanders and 
vigorous troops from msJdng long marches or 
fighting hard battles. 

The old division of Gen. Fitz-John Porter, now 
commanded by its ranking general, Brig.-Gen. 
Morell, received, on the night of the twenty-sixth 
instant, orders to move on the following morning, 
equipped for fight Five o*clock was the hour 
appointed for starting. At three the officers of 
the different guards roused the men to find the 
rain falling rapidly, their tents overflowing, and 
pools of muddy water where their kitchen-fires 
had been the night before. The storm kept in- 
creasing, and many an officer and man hoped 
that before daylight a countermand would come. 
The kindest persuasion could not induce a fire to 
bum— ** fall u," was heard, for so near the ene- 



my we no longer use the bugle for the ^ general 
assembly " and ** color " — and our stout fellows, 
cut short of their morning cup of coffee, seized 
their arms, and the lone dark regimental lines 
began to appear over the camp grounds at the 
first dawn of day. An hour passed, and still no 
order and no countermand. Yet another — and 
an orderly came galloping to our tent We w^v 
sure the march for that day had been given up. 
^^ You will start with your command at once — 
the head of the column is moving. T. J. Hoyt, 
A. A. G." Out we went^ nobody knew whither. 
'Twas enough we were going somewhere^ 

Headed by the General and his staff, the bri- 
gadftfiled into its place and the dreary nutfch com- 
menced. Men were dainty at first where they 
planted their feet) but in half an hour puddles to 
the knee and mud that was shallower were 
sounded alike with indifference. At each small 
stream, as we passed throu^ the low swampy 
wood, you could hear the question and reply 
along the ranks, " This the Chickahominy, boys f' 
** Yes, here's New-Bridge I " " Big river, this I " 
** Let's jump it I '' but after a ten-mile march it 
became evident we were not going to Richmond 
at least by New-Bridge. 

The morning wore away and at noon the storm 
had departed with it We were now some twelve 
miles from camp in a direction about north-west- 
erly. The order of advance at a cross-roads here 
was changed a little. The Seventeenth New- 
York had led our brigade, followed by Griffin's 
battery, then the Forty-fourth New-York, I^hty- 
third Pennsjrlvania, Twelfth New-York, and Six- 
teenth Michigan. Here the Forty-fourth New- 
York was detached with two pieces of Martin's 
Fifth Massachusetts battery to guard against any 
attempt of the enemy to interfere with our rear. 
The regiments closed up, took the right-hand 
road, and forward we went for some three miles 
more. Sharp volleys of musketiy were now 
heard, and then the heavy thunder of the larger 
guns. Evidently the enemy had been ibimd. 
The Twenty-fifth New-York, Col. Johnson, vras 
in advance of the division. The rebels had chosen 
an open space of large extent, flanked with woods, 
sevml hundred yanls to the right and left of an 
orchard and dwelling-house, (Dr. Kinney's,) near 
the centre, where they had planted two Kuna, 
supported by a regiment of infantiy. Col. John- 
Bon's attack upon this position was brave and 
impetuous, but the superior numbers of the ene- 
my in the field, and in the woods on his r^ht, 
compelled him to withdraw with severe los& 
The artillery had opened. briskly, and the head 
of this brigade — of which I wish particularly to 
speak, because I know whereof I affirm — made 
its appearance. 

Stripping off their wet blankets and tents, foi^ 
ward went the Seventeenth New-York and Eighty- 
third Pennsylvania in line of battle, led by their 
gallant General, and followed in column of divi- 
sion by the Twelfth New-York and Sixteenth 
Michigan. This movement was for the enemy's 
flank as well as front ; to gain this, therefore, &e 
woods to his right were taken and skirmishers 



]>OCUlfBNT& 



« 



thrown ahead A slight reconnoissanoe revealed 
his position. The word came firom Gen. Butter- 
field to advance, and forward out of those woods 
came the Seventeenth New-York and Eighty- 
third Pennsylvania in line, as compact and steady 
as in the many dress-parades they have made 
side by side. The skirmishers opened their fire 
and down bore the raiments upon the enemy, 
with the old Stars and Stripes flying high. No 
rebels could withstand this. The supports broke 
sod fied, the gunners emulated their haste, and 
a twelve-pound howitzer of Capt Latham's bat- 
tery, abandoned in their flighty now attests the 
discipline and courage of the Third brigade. 

The prisoners whom we took at this point were 
of the Twenty-eighth North-Carolina regiment, 
cisdin the homespun "confederate igrey,'* and of 
so iotelllgeDce and manner &r inferior to the same 
dass of society at the North. There was none 
of the savage and brutal appearance about them, 
attributed to rebels of the Gulf States. 

The enemy had fied and disappeared in the 
woods; a momentary halt and three rousing 
cheers from the regiments as Gen. Butterfield 
rode along the line, and thanked us for this 
spirited conduct, and forward we went again. 
The enemy's plan, as disclosed to us soon, and 
afterwards corroborated by a captured officer, 
was to lead the main body of our troops onward 
after the Twenty-eighth North - Carolina, if it 
escaped, while the rest of their forces, lying con- 
cealed in the woods, should, after our advance, 
come upon our rear, place us between two fires, 
and make us an easy prey. As the sequel showed, 
their bag was well made, but the material was 
hardly strong enough for such troops as Fitz- 
John Porter's. 

Closely pressing the enemy, and capturing some 
thirty prisoners, among them a captain and half 
lus company, the Eighty-third Pennsylvania hur- 
ried ap the road in the direction of Hanover 
Court-House. There Gen. Butterfield received 
intelligence firom Gen. Porter that the enemy was 
in our rear, and to return at once. Now com- 
neooed the marching such as no troops under 
the sua could have endured except those who 
had been subjected to their five months' severe 
drill on the banks of the Potomac. 

Meantime the Forty-fourth New-York, when 
the enemy made his appearance a second time 
for the purpose named, had been ordered up with a 
Section of Martin's battery, and soon found it- 
self subjected to ar cross-fire from a much supe- 
nor force. Clearly the enemy thought his work 
easy. 

A fragment of the Twenty-fiflh New- York, the 
Swond Maine, and the Forty-fourth New- York, 
lying in the open road, were exposed to the gall- 
ing ftre of an enemy concealed and protected by 
a close fence in the woods, not two hundred 
ywds distant, and yet here they lay receiving 
uid returning volley after volley, until many had 
expended their sixty rounds of cartridges, and 
were obliged to borrow of the dead. So near 
Were the Second Maine and the enemy at one 
time, that the men on both sides actuaUy thrust 



their guns through the same fence, which here 
made nearly a right angle, and fired on each 
other. The conduct of the Forty-fourth was gal- 
lant in the extreme. Four times was their flag 
struck by a bullet to the ground and raised again 
by an intrepid hand. When the name of one of 
these brave fellows was asked by the Lieut. -Colo- 
nel, then in command through the absence of the 
Colonel, in consultation with Gen. Martindale, he 
gave it, and remarked: **As long as I live, sir, 
you shall never see that flag in the dust." In 
the fiercest of the fight, when it seemed neces* 
sary to make a charge to keep the enemy off, a 
captain replied to the question of the Lieutenant- 
Colonel, ^^How many men can you muster to 
follow you in a charge?" "Every man, sir, wiU 
follow, save the dead" By a strange coincidence 
the flag of the Forty-fourth was pierced with just 
forty-four bullets. The horse of the Lieutenant- 
Colonel was killed, the Major wounded, and the 
arm o^the Adjutant shattered while his blade was 
waving. For more than an hour consecrated by 
bravery like this, that mere handful of men held 
the enemy in check. At length the sound of dis« 
tant cheers was heard. It was the Third brigade 
hastening to their relief 

In line of battle. Sixteenth Michigan on the 
left and Eighty-third Pennsylvania on the right, 
they were pressing through the ploughed fields, 
straight for the heaviest fire. Up rode General 
Butterfield, whose uncovered head at this mo- 
ment struck you as more than ordinarily like 
Napoleon's. "Ah! here comes the little Gen- 
eral," says one. "Now for the double-quick." 
" Yes, my hoys, now you see the use of double- 
quick." "Oh I yes; oh I yes." "Well, then, 
three rousing cheers to encourage our brave fel- 
lows yonder." The effect was electric. Those 
men who had already marched eighteen miles 
through drenching rain and bottomless roads, and 
chased the enemy two miles more, took up the 
double-quick, caught the General's cheer and 
sent it increased many fold through the ranks of 
the enem^, to gladden the hearts of our friends. 
As a pnsoner stated to us afterwards, these 
cheers told the enemv his game was lost Hia 
fire slackened perceptibly, and on went the regi- 
ments into the woods. The marks of a terrible 
battle were all around us. Dead and dying were, 
at the foot of every tree ; the^trees themselves^ 
splintered and torn by the bullets, were as man- 
gled as the bodies beneath them. The sulphu- 
rous smoke made the air strangely blue. Here 
we captured, trom the enemy falling back, more 
prisoners than we dared detach men to guard. 
One poor fellow jumped from the ground, evi* 
dently to deliver himself up, but unfortunately 
brought his piece too near a horizontal line ; one 
of our skirmishers dropped on his knees and 
fired. The rebel whirled completely round, 
pierced through both sides. Two others came 
forward displaying a dirty handkerchief, onc« 
white — bearing between them a small pale-faced 
fellow, a mere boy, badly wounded — and asked 
us to spare their lives. 

"We've been forced into this; we're con- 



»2 



REBELLION RECORD, 186S. 



scripts/* they cried. Their piteous begging 
showed how fully their unprincipled leadershad 
deceived them with the idea that they were to 
be murdered at once. They, like the others, 
were sent to the rear. Here we found from the 
prisoners that two regiments of the enemy were 
just to the right of us, in line of battle at right 
angles to our own. Here we flung out our right 
skirmisher with his company — a burly captain, 
whose weight before the war was always a good 
three hundred, but now reduced by hard march- 
ing and harder eating to the size of common men 
— up the railroad-track, to feel the enemy there. 
He soon found them and received their introduc- 
toty volley, returning the salutation. He turned 
to see where his supports were, and discovered 
Gen. Butterfleld dose behind him. '^ They are 
here in large force,** said he to the GeneraL 
*^ Pitch into them all you know how," was the 
prompt response. *'Aye, aye, sir," and away 
went the captain at the double-quick. The bold- 
ness of the flank attack surprised the enemy and 
he fell back. Pressing through the woods, the 
Eighty-third Pennsylvania came out just in front 
of the enemy, as two sections of Griffin's battery 
were vnlimbering. Here again Gen. Butterfleld 
appeared, and calling for a horse, shouted, ^^Where 
is Stockton? Give me a horse and Stockton 
too, and the day is ours I " and at once ordered 
the Eighty-third Pennsylvania forward tiirough 
the battery, to engage the enemy now in the open 
field. The enemy was wavering, but this de- 
monstration decided him at once ; his face was 
turned and we followed. Just as the Eighty- 
third was crossing the railroad, excavated some 
ten feet in the field here, and mounting the oppo- 
site bank, the enemy opened upon them a terrific 
fire. Nothing but the protection offered by the 
bank, and the position of the men as they lay 
and sat firing, saved them in this fifteen minutes 
from severe loss. 
Here an incident occurred not to be soon foxr 

gotten. A sergeant, who had but just rejoined 
is regiment after a two months' sickness, had 
managed after great exertion to keep in his place 
through the tiying march, but now was almost 
exhausted. An officer stopped to encouraze him. 
**A few minutes more, sergeant, and we shall be 
on them." "Yes, PU be with you," said he, and 
pulling out a miniature of his wife and two child- 
len, "That is what I have to fight for." The 
next instant a ball shattering his leg had borne 
him to the ground. 

Advancing now in compact line, and firing a« 
they went, the Eighty-third Pennsylvania and 
Ninth Massachusetts drove the enemy some five 
hundred yards through the open field. No re- 
treat could have been more handsomely made 
than was this. He retreated a short distance, 
came to the right about, and with colors steady, 
delivered his volley and again retreated.' His 
pursuers were gaining on him, however, and 
others following fast after their steps, when near 
the edge of the woods his line gave way, and he 
fied in confusion. The enemy began his retreat 
in the morning under the fire of this brigade, and 



our bullets in the evening closed the success of 
the day. Darkness had now come, and gather- 
ing up the honored dead and the sufferers who 
yet lived, we sent them to the hospital and re- 
turned to bivouac on the field. 

The next morning Butterfield*8 brigade turned 
into the guard over two hundred and fifty prison- 
ers, two hundred stand of small arms, wagons, 
tents, cannon, etc., etc. — among the prisoners 
a major, six or eight captains, a uitch of lieuten- 
ants — and were ready for another fight, with one 
regiment on the march toward the South Anna, 
to accomplish, what I had foi^tten to state was 
the object of our expedition, namely, ttxe cutting 
the enemy's lines of communication with the 
forces in front of Banks and McDowell 

There were many noteworthy incidents of the 
day that have not made part of my description. 
A ball struck at the foot of Gen. Porter's horse. 
** Did you see that ?" asked an aid. " I see that 
Butterfield is driving them handsomely," was the 
quiet reply. An Irishman of the Seventeenth New- 
York came up to the General, tugging under a load 
of three guns on one shoulder, his own at a trail in 
the other hand, driving three prisoners in gray 
before him — " Sure Gineral, and I have three of 
them ; what'U I do wid em f" 

The kindness shown the wounded and captured 
was an evident surprise to them, and affected 
them much. They had no desire to be exchanged. 
The battle-field brin^ out man's nature in its 
strongest and truest li^ht 

One of our colonels is said to have been absent 
from his command at a most critical moment, im- 
properly, and it is reported that he will be cash- 
iered. Time must prove this. One of our gener- 
als is said to have cried and lost his mental bal- 
ance completely for a time during the fight, but 
the instant the fight was over, was laying dowa 
to the newspaper reporters, his deeds of valor, 
over the table where the sux^eons were amputa- 
ting the wounded. I might add a hundred inci- 
dents, but what I have told you is enough to give 
you an idea of the affair. 

Gen. McClellan came up the next morning and 
was most enthusiastically received by the men. 
He grasped Qen. Porter by the hand most cor- 
dially and congratulated him. Turning to GetL 
Butterfield, who was near, he put one hand on 
his shoulder and said some words that we on the 
outside could not hear. That they were well mer- 
ited compliments for brave and gallant deeds, the 
faces of both showed most plainly. Our brigade 
was satisfied and confident that under fire, as 
well as elsewhere, we have the right man in the 
right place. 

Doc. ir. 
BATTLE OP PAIR OAKS, VA, 

FOnOHT MAT 81 AND JUNB 1, 1862. 

GENERAL McOLELLAN^ DEBPATOHE& 

Niw-BmisQa, Juna 0—10.80 A.1L 
Bon, F, M. Stanton^ Secretary of War, 
Mr telegraphic despatch of June 1st, in regard 



i)ocnMBirr& 



n 



to the battle of Fair Oaks,* was incorrectly pub- 
lished in the newspapers. I send with this a cor- 
rect copy, which I request may be published at 
QDce. I am the more anxious about this, since 
my despatch, as published, would seem to ignore 
the serrices of Gen. Sumner, which were too val- 
oible and brilliant to be overlooked, both in the 
difficult passage of the stream and the subse- 
quent combat The mistake seems to have oc- 
curred in the transmittal of the despatch by the 
telegraph. G. B. McClellan, 

lfaiar<G«nermi OonuMadlnf. 

FknjD Of fiATTU, JniM 1, 13 o'clock. 
T9E9n, E. M. StanUm^ Secretary of War, 

We have had a desperate battle, in which the 
corps of Gens. Sumner, Heintzelman, and Keyes 
hare been engaged aigainst greatly superior num- 
bers. 

Yesterday, at one o'clock, the enemy, taking 
•dTsntage of a terrible storm which had flooded 
the valley of the Ghickahominy, attacked our 
troops on the right bank of that river. Casey's 
diTision, which was the first line, gave way, unac- 
oouotably and discreditably. This caused tem- 
ponuy confusion, during which some guns and 
baggage were lost But Heintzelman and Kear- 
ney most gallantly broi^ht up their troops, which 
chedced the enemy. At the same time, however, 
Genend Sumner succeeded, by great exertions, 
m bringing across Sedgwick's and Richardson's 
diTisioos, who drove back the enemy, at the point 
of the bayonet^ covering the ground with his 
dead. 

This morning the enemy attempted to renew 
the oonflict^ but was everywhere repulsed. 

We have taken many prisoners, among whom 
are Gen. Pettigrew and GoL Long. 

Our loss is heav^, but that of the enemy must 
be enonnous. With the exception of Casey's di- 
vision, our men have behaved splendidly. Seve- 
ral fine bayonet charges have been made. The 
Second Excelsior made two to-day. 

Geo. B. McClbllah, 
Bf^or-Ctonersl Oommandlng, 

OmCIAL BBPORT OF GENKRAL KKTm 

HBADQOAsms Fonm Cosn, Jom 18, ISOS. 
Bng,'Gen^ S. Williams^ Adjutant- General^ Army 

of (he Potomac : 

Sib: The following is my report of the opera- 
tioDs of the Fourth corps in the battle of the 
thirty-first May and first June : 

The Fourth corps, being in the advance, crossed 
the Ghickahominy at Bottom's Bridge, the twen- 
tr-third of May, and encamped two miles beyond. 
Two days later I received orders to advance on 
the Williamsburgh road, and take up and fortify 
the nearest strong position to a fork of roads call^ 
the Seven Pines. The camp I selected, and which 
was the next day approved by Major-Gen. Mc- 
Clellan, stretches across the Williamsburgh road 
between Bottom's Bridge and Seven Pines, and 
is distant about a mile from the latter. I caused 
that camp to bo fortified with rifie-pits and breast- 

•Ihb battle It abo known m the battle of the Berta Pines. 



works extending to the left about eight hundred 
yurds, and termmating in a crotchet to the rear. 
Similar works, about &ree hundred yards further 
in advance, were constructed on the right, ex- 
tending toward the Richmond and West-Point 
Railroad. 

Having been ordered by Gen. McClellan to hold 
the Seven Pines strongly, I designed to throw 
forward to that neighborhood two brigades of 
Case^s division, and to establish mv picket-line 
considerably in advance, and far to the right 

The lines described above are those upon which 
the main body of the troops engaged near the 
Seven Pines spent the night of the thirty-first 
after the battle. 

Examinations having been made by several en- 
gineers, I was ordered on the twenty-eighth of 
May to advance Casey's division to a point indi- 
cated by a large wood-pile and two houses, about 
three fourths of a mile beyond the Seven Pines, 
(but which, in fact is only half a mile,) and to 
establish Couch's division at the Seven Pines. 

Accordingly, Casey's division bivouacked on 
the right and left of the Williamsburgh road and 
wood-pile, and Couch established his division at 
the Seven Pines, and along the Nine-mile road. 
Both divisions set to work with the few intrench- 
ing tools at hand to slash the forests and to dig 
a few rifle-pits. Casey erected a small pentangu- 
lar redoubt, and placed within it six pieces of ar- 
tilleiy. 

The country is mostly wooded, and greatly in- 
tersected with marshes. The Nine-mile road, 
branching to the right fi^m the Seven Pines, slants 
forward, and at the distance of a mile crosses the 
nulroad at Fair Oaks. A mile beyond it reaches 
an open field, where the enemy was seen in line 
of battle on the twenty-ninth and thurtieth days 
of May. 

Casey's pickets were only about one thousand 
yards in advance of his line of battle, and I de- 
cided, after a personal inspection with him, that 
they could go no fiirther, as they were stopped 
by the enemy in force, on the opposite side of an 
opening at that point I pushed forward the 
pickets on the railroad a trifle, and they had been 
extended by Gen. Naglee to the open field where 
the enemy was seen in line of battle, and thence 
to the right bank of the Ghickahominy. After a 
thorough examination of my whole position, I 
discovered that, on the thirtieth of May, the ene- 
my were, in greater or less force, closed upon the 
wSole circumference of a semi-cirde, described 
from my headquarters, near Seven Pines, with a 
radius of two miles. 

A considerable space about the fork of the road 
at Seven Pines was open, cultivated ground, and 
there was a clear space a short distance in front 
of Casey's redoubt at the wood-pile. Between 
the two openings we found a curtain of trees, 
which were cut down to form an abattis. That 
line of abattis was continued on a curve to the 
right and rear, and across the Nine-mile road. 

When the battle commenced, Casey's divisioi^ 
was in front of the abattis, Naglee's brigade on 
the right, having two regiments beyond the rail* 



DOCUHENTa 



» 



As the pressure on Casey's position became 
greater, he applied to me for reinforcements. I 
continued to send them as long as I had troops 
to spareL OoL McCarter, with the Ninety-third 
PeansylTaniai Pedc's brigade, engaged the enemy 
on the left^ and maintained his ground above two 
boors, until overwhelming numbers forced him 
to retire, which he did in good order. 

At about two o'clock p.m., I ordered the Fifty- 
fifth New-York, (CoL De Trobriand, absent, sick,) 
now in oonunand of Lieut-GoL Thourot, to ** save 
the guns," meaning some of Casey's. The regi- 
ment moved up the Williamsburgh road at double- 
quick, conducted by Gen. Naglee, where it beat 
off the enemy on the point of seizing some guns, 
and held its position more than an hour. At the 
end of that time, its ammunition being exhausted, 
it fell back through the abattis, and after receiv- 
ing more cartridges, the regiment again did good 
•errica It lost in the battle nearly one fourth 
its numbers, killed and wounded. 

At a little past two o'clock I ordered Neill's 
Twenty-third and Rippey's Sixty-first Pennsyl- 
Tuiia regiments to move to the support of Casey's 
right Neill attacked the enemy twice with great 
gtUantry. In the first attack the enemy were 
driren back. In the second attack, and under 
the immediate command of Gen. Couch, these two 
regiments assailed a vastly superior force of the 
eoemy and fought with extraordinary bravery; 
though compell^ at last to retire, they brought 
m thirty-five prisoners. Both regiments were 
badly cut up. Col. Rippey , of the Sixty-first, and 
his Adjutant, were killed: the Lieutenant-Colonel 
and Major were wounded and are missing. The 
casualties in the Sixty-first amount to two hun- 
dred and sixty-three, and are heavier than in any 
<yto regiment in Couch's division. After this 
attack, the Twenty-third took part in the hard 
figfatiii^ which closed the day near the Seven 
nnea. The Sixty-first withdrew in detachments, 
Bome of which came again into action near my 
headquarters. 

Almost immediately after ordering the Twenty- 
third and Sixty-first to support the right, and as 
Boon as they could be reached, I sent the Seventh 
Massachusetts, CoL Russell, and the Sixty-second 
^'ev-Yoric, CoL Riker, to reenforce them. The 
OTopowering advance of the enemy obliged these 
Kgiments to preceed to Fair Oaks, where they 
fought under the immediate orders of Generals 
Couch and Abercrombie. There they joined the 
First United States Chasseurs, Col. Cochrane, 
pretipusly ordered to Uiat point, and the Thirty- 
first Pennsylvania,' CoL Williams, on duty there 
when the action commenced. 

The losses in the Fifty-Second were not so great 
u in some of the other regiments. Its conduct 
^good, and its Colonel, Lafayette Riker, whose 
signal bravely was remarked, met a glorious death 
while attackmg the enemy at the head of his re- 
giment 

The First United States Chasseurs, CoL Coch- 
nne, fought bravely. By that regiment, an ene- 
uy's standard-bearer was shot down, and the 



battle-flags of the Twenty-third North-Carolinn 
regiment captured. 

For further particulars of the conduct of the 
Sixty-second New-York and the First United 
States Chasseurs, as well as for the account of 
those two excellent regiments, the Seventh Mas- 
sachusetts and Thirty-first Pennsvlvania, Cols. 
Russell and Williams, I refer to the reports of 
Gens. Couch and Abercrombie. Those regiments, 
as well as Brady's battery, First Pennsylvania 
artillery, (which is hig;hly praised,) were hid from 
my personal observation during most of the ac- 
tion. They acted in concert with the Second 
corps, by ^he opportune arrival of which, at Fail 
Oaks, in the afternoon, under the brave Gen. £. 
V. Sumner, the confederates were brought to a 
sudden stand in that quarter, They were also 
present in the action of the following day, near 
Fair Oaks, where, under the same commander, 
the victory which had been hardly contested Uie 
day before was fuUy completed by our troops. 

At the time when the enemy was concentrating 
troops fit>m the right, left and front upon the re- 
doubt and other works in front of Casey's head- 
quarters, and near the Williamsburgh road, the 
danger became imminent that he would overcome 
the resistance there, and advance down the road 
and through the abattis. In anticipation of such 
an event, I called Flood's and McCarthy's batte- 
ries of Couch's division, to form in and on the 
right and left of the junction of the Williamsburgh 
and Nine-mile roads ; placed infantry in all the 
rifle-pits on the right and left, pushing some up 
hiao to the abattis, and collecting a large number 
of stragglers, posted them in the woods on the 
left. Scarcely had these dispositions been com- 
pleted, when the enemy, directly in front, driven 
by the attack of a portion of Kearney's division 
on their right, and by our fire upon their front, 
moved off to join the masses which were pressing 
upon my right 

To make head against the enemy approaching 
in that^direction, it was found necessary to effect 
an almost perpendicular change of front of troops 
on the right of the Williamsburgh road. By the 
energetic assistance of Gens. Devens and Naglee, 
CoL Adams, First Long Island, and Capts. Walsh 
and Quackenbush, of the Thirty-sixth New-York, 
(whose efforts I particularly noticed,) I was en- 
abled to form a line along the edge of the woods, 
which stretohed nearly down to the swamp, about 
eight hundred yards from the fork, and along the 
rear to the Nine-mile road. I threw back the right 
crochet-wise, and, on its left; Capt Miller, First 
Pennsylvania artillery. Couch's division, trained 
his guns so as to contest the advance of the ene- 
my. I directed Gen. Naglee to ride along the line 
to encourage the men and keep them at worlc. 
This line long resisted the further progress of the 
enemy with the greatest firmness and gallantry, 
but by pressing it very closely with overwhelmn- 
ing numbers — probably ten to one — they were 
enabled, finally, to force it to fall back so far upon 
the left and centre as to form a new line in rear. 
Shortly aft«r this attack, I saw Gen. Devens leave 



H 



REBELUOV RBOOBD, 1862. 



road, Palmer'g brigade on the left, and Wesseirs 
brigade in the centre. 

Couch's division was on the right and left of the 
Williamsburgh road, near the forks, and along 
the Nine-mile road. Peck*8 brigade was on the 
left, Deyens's brigade in the centre, and Abecrom- 
bie*8 on ^e right, haying two regiments and 
Bradj*s battery across the railroad near Fair 
Oaks, thus forming two lines of battle. 

Col. Qregg, with the Eighth Pennsylrania cay- 
airy, was in the action, but owing to the nature 
of the ground could not be much employed. A 
part of the Eighth Illinois cayalry was with me 
as an escort Lieut Granger acted as my aid, 
and several private soldiers of that regiment fol- 
lowed mo throughout the day. 

Through all the night of the thirtieth of May 
tiiere was raging a storm, the like of which I can- 
not .remember. Tonrents of rain drenched the 
earth. The thunder-bolts rolled and fell without 
intermission, and the heavens flashed with a per- 
petuid blaze of lightning. From their beds of 
mud and the peltmgs of this storm, the Fourth 
corps rose to fight the battle of the thirty-first 
of May, 1862. 

At about ten o'clock A.M., it was announced to 
me that an Aid-de-Camp of Mi^or-6en. J. £. John- 
ston, G.S.A., had been captured by our pickets 
on the edge of the field referred to above, beyond 
Pair Oaks Station. While speaking with the 
young gentleman, at the moment of sending him 
away, a couple of shots, fired in front of Casey's 
headquarters, produced in him a very evident^ 
emotion. I was perplexed because, having seen 
the enemy in force on the right, where the aid 
was captured, I supposed his diief must be there. 
Furthermore, the country was more open in that 
direction, and the road in front of Casey's posi- 
tion was bad for artillery. I concluded, there- 
fore, in spite of the shots, that if attacked that 
day, the attack would come from the right 

Having sent orders for the troops to be under 
arms precisely at eleven o'clock a.m., I mounted 
my horse and rode along the Nine-mile road to 
Fair Oaks Station. On my way I met Col. Bailey, 
Chief of Artillery of Casey's division, and direct- 
ed him to proceed and prepare his artillery for 
action. Finding nothing unusual at Fair Oaks, 
I gave some orders to Uie .troops there, and re- 
timied quickly to Seven Pines. The firing was 
becoming brisk, but there was yet no certainty 
of agr^tattack. 

As a precaution, to support Casey's left flank, 
I ordered Gen. Couch to advance Peck's brigade 
in that direction. This was promptly done, and 
the Ninety-third Pennsylvania, Col. McCarter, 
was advanced considerably beyond the balance 
oT that bri^e. r 

At about half-past twelve p.ic. it became sud- 
denly apparent that the attack was real and in 
great force. All my corps was under arms and 
in position. I sent immediately to Gen. Heint- 
zelman for reinforcements, and requested him to 
, order one brigade up the railroad. My messen- 
ger was unaccountably delayed, and my despatch 
appears not to have readied its destination until 



much later than Jt should have done. Geneial 
Heintzelman arrived on the field at about three 
P.M., and the two brigades of his corps, Berry's 
and Jameson's, of Kearney's division, which took 
part in the battle of the thirty-first, arrived suc- 
cessively ; but the exact times of their arrival in 
the presence of the enemy I am unable to fix with 
certainty, and in this report I am not always able 
to fix times with exactness, but they are nearly 
exact 

Casev's division, holding the first line, was first 
seriously attacked at about half-past twelve p.x. 
The One Hundred and Third Pennsylvania volun- 
teers, sent forward to support the pickets, broke 
shortly, and retreated, joined by a great many 
sick. The numbers as they passed down the road 
as stragglers conveyed an exaggerated idea of sur- 
prise and defeat There was no surprise, how- 
ever. All the effective men of that division were 
under arms, and all the batteries were in posi- 
tion, with their horses harnessed, (except some 
belonging to the guns in the redoubt,) and ready 
to fight as soon as the enemy's forces came in 
view. Their numbers were vastly disproportion- 
ate to the mighty host which assailed them in 
front and on both flanks. 

As remarked above, the picket-line being only 
about a thousand yards in advance of the line of 
battle, and the country covered with forests, the 
confederates arriving fi'esh and confident, formed 
their lines and masses under the shelter of woods, 
and burst upon us with great suddenness, and had 
not our regiments been under arms, they would 
have swept through our lines and routed us com- 
pletely. As it w^as, however, Casey's division 
held its line of battle for more than three hours, 
and the execution done upon the enemy was 
shown by the number of rebel dead left upon the 
field after the enemy had held possession of that 
part of it for upward of twenty-four hours. Dur- 
mg that time, it is understood, all the means of 
transport available in Richmond were employed 
to carry away their dead and wounded. The ene- 
my advancing, as they frequently did, in masses, 
received the shot and shell of our artillery like 
veterans, closing up the gaps, and moving steadi- 
ly on to the assault 

From my position in the front of the second 
line I could see all the movements of the enemy, 
but was not always able to discover his numbers, 
which were more or less concealed by the trees. 
nor could I accurately define the movements of 
our regiments and our batteries. 

For the details of the conflict with Casey's line 
I must refer to his report, and to the reports of 
Brig. -Gens. Nagloe, Palmer and Wessells, whose 
activity I had many opportunities to witness. 
When applied to for them, I sent reenforcements 
to sustain Casey's line until the numbers were so 
much reduced in the second line that no more 
could be spared. I then refused, though applied 
to for further aid. 

I shall now proceed to describe the operations 
of the second line, which received my uninterrupt- 
ed supervision, composed principally of Couch's 
division. 



DOCUMSNTa 



75 




PLAN 09 THE BATTLE OF FAIR OAKS, YA. 

A— Sp»U*i Battery. H--Niglc«»i Ctxnp. 

B— Regmn*! Battery. I— Rebel lioe, 1st June. 

C— Fltcb*! Battery. J— Union line, Sickles*!, 1ft June. 

]>— Bates*! Battery In redoabt. ^-Seven Plne^ 

K— Bedonbt. L— first line of defence, 

r— Palmer^ Gamp. M— Second line of defence. 

d^Weaell^ Campw N— Third line of i 



DOCUMENTS. 



M 



As the pressure on Casey's position became 
greater, he applied to me for reenforcements. I 
continued to send them as long as I had troops 
tospara GoL McCarter, with the Ninety-third 
Peansylrania, Peck's brigad^ engaged the enemy 
OQ the left^ and maintained his ground above two 
hours, until overwhelming numbers forced him 
to retire, which he did in good order. 

At about two o'clock p.m., I ordered the Fifty- 
fifth New-Tork, (Col. De Trobriand, absent, sick,) 
now in conmund of Lieut. -Col. Thourot, to *' save 
the guns," meaning some of Casey's. The regi- 
ment moved up the Williamsburgh road at double- 
quick, conducted by Gen. Naglee, where it beat 
off the enemy on the point of seizing some guns, 
and held its position more than an hour. At the 
end of that time, its anununition being exhausted, 
it feU back through the abattis, and after receiv- 
ing more cartridges, the regiment again did good 
•errieeL It lost in the battle nearly one fourth 
its numbers, killed and wounded. 

At a litUe past two o'clock I ordered Neill's 
Twenty-third and Rippey's Sixty-first Pennsyl- 
vania redments to move to the support of Casey's 
right Neill attacked the enemy twice with great 
gillantrv. In the first attack the enemy were 
driren back. In the second attack, and under 
the immediate command of Gen. Couch, these two 
regiments assailed a vastly superior force of the 
enemy and fought with extraordinary bravery; 
though oompell^ at last to retire, they brought 
in thuly.five prisoners. Both regiments were 
badly cut up. Col. Rippey, of the Sixty-first, and 
bis Adjutant, were killed ; the Lieutenant-Colonel 
and Major were wounded and are missing. The 
casualties in the Sixty-first amount to two hun- 
dred and sixty-three, and are heavier than in any 
other raiment in Couch's division. After this 
attadc, the Twenty-third took part in the hard 
fighting which closed the day near the Seven 
mes. The Sixty-first withdrew in detachments, 
some of which came again into action near my 
headquarters. 

Almost immediately after ordering the Twenty- 
third and Sixty-first to support the right, and as 
soon as they could be reached, I sent the Seventh 
^iassachusetta, CoL Russell, and the Sixty-second 
New-York, CoL Riker, to reenforce them. The 
orerpowering advance of the enemy obliged these 
ngiments to preceed to Fair Oaks, where they 
fought under the immediate orders of Generals 
^ouch and Abercrombie. There they joined the 
First United States Chasseurs, Col. Cochrane, 
previpusly ordered to that point, and the Thirty- 
first Pennsylvania,' CoL Williams, on duty there 
vben the action commenced. 

The losses in the Fifty-Second were not so great 
as in some of the other regiments. Its conduct 
was good, and its Colonel, Lafayette Riker, whose 
signal bravery was remarked, met a glorious death 
while attacking the enemy at the head of his re- 
giment 

The First United States Chasseurs, CoL Coch- 
rane, fought bravely. By that regiment, an ene- 
my's standard-beam was shot down, and the 



batUe-fiags of the Twenty-thurd North-Carolina 
regiment captured. 

For further particulars of the conduct of the 
Sixty-second New-York and the First United 
States Chasseurs, as well as for the account of 
those two excellent regiments, the Seventh Mas- 
sachusetts and Thirty-first Pennsylvania, Cols. 
Russell and Williams, I refer to the reports of 
Gens. Couch and Abercrombie. Those regiments, 
as well as Brady's battery, First Pennsylvania 
artillery, (which is highly praised,) were hid from 
my personal observation during most of the ac- 
tion. They acted in concert with the Second 
corps, by ^he opportune arrival of which, at Fail 
Oaks, in the afternoon, under the brave Gen. £. 
y. Sumner, tiie confederates were brought to a 
sudden stand in that quarter, They were also 
present in the action of the following day, near 
Fair Oaks, where, under the same commander, 
the victory which had been hardly contested the 
day before was fully completed by our troops. 

At the time when the enemy was concentrating 
troops fW>m the right, left and front upon the re- 
doubt and other works in front of Casey's head- 
quarters, and near the Williamsburgh road, the 
danger became inuninent that he would overcome 
the resistance there, and advance down the road 
and through the abattis. In anticipation of such 
an event, I called Flood's and McCarthy's batte- 
ries of Couch's division, to form in and on the 
right and left of the junction of the Williamsburgh 
and Nine-mile roads ; placed in&ntry in all the 
rifle-pits on the right and left, pushing some up 
also to the abattis, and collecting a large number 
of stragglers, posted them in the woods on the 
left Scarcely had these dispositions been com- 
pleted, when the enemy, directly in firont, driven 
by the attack of a portion of Kearney's division 
on their right, and by our fire upon their front, 
moved off to join the masses which were pressing 
upon my right 

To make head against the enemy approaching 
in that^direction, it was found necessary to effect 
an almost perpendicular change of front of troops 
on the right of the Williamsburgh road. By the 
energetic assistance of Gens. Devens and Naglee, 
CoL Adams, First Long Island, and Capts. Walsh 
and Quackenbush, of the Thirty-sixth New- York, 
(whose efforts I particularly noticed,) I was en- 
abled to form a line along tne edge of the woods, 
which stretched nearly down to the swamp, about 
eight hundred yards from the fork, and along the 
rear to the Nine-mile road. I threw back the right 
crochet-wise, and, on its left, Capt Miller, First 
Pennsylvania artillery, Couch's division, trained 
his guns so as to contest the advance of the ene- 
my. I directed Gen. Naglee to ride along the line 
to encourage the men and keep them at woric. 
This line long resisted the further progress of the 
enemy with the greatest firmness and gallantry, 
but by pressing it very closely with overwhelmn- 
ing numbers — probably ten to one — they were 
enabled, finally, to force it to fall back so far upon 
the left and centre as to form a new line in rear. 
Shortly after this attack, I saw Gen. Devens leave 



Y8 



REBELLION RECORD, 1862. 



the field wounded ; there was then no general 
officer left in sight belonging to Couches division. 

Seeing the torrent of enemies continually ad- 
vancing, I hastened across to the left, beyond the 
fork, to bring forward reenforcements. Brig. -Qen. 
Peck, at the head of the One Hundred and Sec- 
ond and Eighty-third Pennsylvania regiments, 
Cols. Rowley and McCarter, was ordered, with 
tfie concurrence of Gen. Heintzelman, to advance 
across the open space and attack the enemy, now 
coming forward in great numbers. These regi- 
ments passed through a shower of balls, and 
formed in a line having an oblique direction to 
the Nine-mile road. They held their ground for 
more than half an hour, doing great execution. 
Peck's and McCarter^s horses were shot under 
them. After contending against enormous odds, 
those two regiments were forced to give way ; 
Peck and the One Hundred and Second crossing 
the WilKamsburgh road to the wood, and McCar- 
ter and the bulk of the Ninety-third passing to 
the right, where they took post in the last line 
of battle, formed mostly after six o'clock p.m. 
Durine the time last noticed, Miller's battery hav- 
ing taken up a new position, did first-rate service. 

As soon as Peck had moved forward I hastened 
to the Tenth Massachusetts, Col. Briggs, (which 
regiment I had myself once before moved,) now 
in the rifle-pits on the left of the WilHamsbureh 
road, and ordered them to follow me across the 
field. Col. Briggs led them on in gallant style, 
moving quickly over an open space of seven or 
eight hundred yards, under a scorching fire, and 
forming his men with perfect regularity toward the 
last of the line last above referred to. The posi- 
tion thus occupied was a most favorable one, be- 
ing a wood, without much undergrowth, where 
the ground sloped somewhat abruptly to the rear. 
Had the Tenth Massachusetts been two minutes 
later, they would have been too late to occupy 
that fine position, and it would have been impos- 
sible to have formed the next and last line of bat- 
tle of the thirty-first, which stemmed the tide of 
defeat, and turned it toward victory ; a victory 
which was then begun by the Fourth corps and 
two brigades fix)m Kearney's division firom the 
Third corps, and consummated the next day by 
Sumner and others. 

After seeing the Tenth Massachusetts and the 
adjoining line well at work, under a murderous 
fire, I observed that that portion of the line a hun- 
dred and fifty yards to my left was crumbling 
away — some falling and others retiring. I per- 
ceived, also, that the artillery had withdrawn, and 
that large bodies of broken troops were leaving 
the centre and moving down the Williamsbui^h 
road to the rear. Assisted by Capi Suydam, my 
Assistant Adjutant-General, Capt Villarceau, and 
Lieuts. Jackson and Smith of my staff*, I tried in 
vain to check the retreating current Passing 
through to an opening of our intrenched camp of 
the twenty-eighth ult, I found Gen. Heintzel- 
man and other officers engaged in rallying the 
men, and in a very short time a large number 
were induced to face about These were pushed 
forward, and joined to others better organized, in 



the woods, and a line was formed^ stretching 
across the road in a perpendicular direction. 

Gen. Heintzelman requested me to advance the 
line on the left of the road, which I did until it 
came within sixty or seventy yards of the open- 
ing in which the battle had been confined for 
more than two hours against a vastly superior 
force. Some of the Tenth Massachusettis now 
under the command of Capt Miller, the Ninety- 
third Pennsylvania, Col. McCarter, of Peck's bri- 
gade, the Twenty-third Pennsylvania, CoL Neill, 
of Abercrombie's brigade, a portion of the Thirty- 
sixth New- York, Col. Innes, a portion of the Fif- 
ty-fifth New-York and the First Long Island, Col 
Adams, together with firagments of other regi- 
ments of Couch's division, still contended on the 
right -of this line, while a number of troops that I 
did not recognise occupied the space between me 
and them. 

As the ground was miry and encumbered witk 
fallen trees, I dismounted and mingled with the 
troops. The first I questioned belonged to Kear- 
ney's division. Berry's brigade, Heintzelman*8 
corps ; the next to the Fifty-sixth New- York, now 
under command of its Lieutenant-Colonel ; and 
the third belonged to the One Hundred and 
Fourth Pennsylvania, of Casey's division. I took 
out my glass to examine a steady compact line of 
troops, about sixty-five yards in advance, the ex- 
tent of which toward our right I could not disco- 
ver. The line in firont was so quiet I thought 
they might possibly be our own troops. The va- 
pors from the swamp, the leaves, and the fading 
light, (for it was then after six o'clock,) rendered it 
uncertain who they were. So I directed the men 
to get their aim, but to reserve their fire until I 
could go up to the left, and examine ; at the same 
time, that they must hold that line, or the battie 
would be lost They replied with a firm deto^ 
mination to stand their ground. 

I had just time to put up my glass and move 
ten paces towards the left of the line, where my 
horse stood ; but while I was in the act of mount- 
ing, as fierce a fire of musketry was opened as 
any I had heard during the day. The fire irom 
our side was so deadly that the heavy masses of 
the enemy coming in on the right, which had be- 
fore been held back for nearly two hours, that 
being about the time consumed in passing over 
less than a thousand yards, by about a third 
part of Couch's division, were now arrested. The 
*last line, formed of portions of Couch's and Ca- 
sey's divisions, and a portion of Kearney's divi- 
sion, checked the advance of the enemy, and 
finally repulsed him. And this was the begin- 
ning of the victory which, on the following day, 
was so gloriously completed. During the action, 
and particularly during the two hours immedi- 
ately preceding the final and successful stand 
made by the infantry, the three Pennsylvania bat- 
teries, under Major Robert M. West, (Flood's, Mc- 
Carthy's and Miller's,) in Couch's division, per- 
formed most efficient service. The conduct of 
Miller's battery was admirable. Having a cen- 
tral position in the fore part of the action, it 
threw shells over the heads of our own troopSi 



DOCUMENTS. 



»9 



which fcU and burst with unusual precision among 
the enemy's masses, as did also those of the other 
two batteries. And, later in the day, when the 
enemj were rushing in upon our right. Miller threw 
his case and canister among them, doing fiiglitful 
ciecation. 

The death of seTeral oflScers of high rank, and 
the disability and wounds of others, have delayed 
this report It has been my design to state noth- 
ing as a fiu;t, which could not be substantiated. Ma- 
ny things escaped notice by reason of the forests 
which concealed our own movements as well as 
the movements of the enemy. From this cause 
some of the reports of subordinate commanders 
are not sufficiently full. In some cases, it is ap- 
parent that those subordinate commanders were 
not always in the best positions to observe, and 
this will account for the circumstance that I have 
mentioned some facts derived from personal ob- 
serration, not found in the reports of my subor- 
dinates. The reports of division and brigade 
commanders, I trust, will be published with this 
immediately. I ask their publication as an act of 
shnple justice to the Fourth corps, against which 
many groundless aspersions and incorrect state- 
ments have been circulated in the newspapers 
since the battle. These reports are made by men 
who observed the conflict while under fire, and if 
they are not, in the main, true, tiiie truth will 
never be known. 

In the battle of the thir^-flrst of May, the casu- 
alties on our side, a list of which is enclosed, were 
heaiy, amounting to something like twenty-five 
per cent in killed and wounded of the number ac- 
toally engaged, which did not amount to more 
than 12,000 — the Fourth corps at that date 
having been much weakened by detachments and 
other causes. Nearly all who were struck were 
hit while ftdng tbe enemy. 

The confederates outnumbered us, during a 
great part of the conflict, at least four to one, and 
their losses are supposed greatly to exceed ours. 
They were fresh, drilled troops, led on and cheered 
hy their best Generals, and the President of their 
** Republic" They are right when they assert 
that the Yankees stubbornly contested every foot 
of ground. 

Of the nine Generals of the Fourth corps who 
were present on the field, all, with one exception, 
were wounded, or their horses were hit in the bat- 
tle. A large proportion of all the field-officers in 
the action were killed, wounded, or their horses 
were struck. These facts denote the fierceness of 
the contest and the gallantry of a lai^ majority 
of the officers. 

Ilany officers have been named and commended 
in this report, and in the reports of division, bri- 
gade and other commanders, and I will not here 
recapitulate further than that I received great as- 
sistance from the members* of my stafi^, whose 
conduct was excellent, though thej were neces- 
sarily often separated from me. 
' To the energy and skill of Sui^geon F. H. Ham- 
ilton, Chief of his department in the Fourth 
corps, and the assistance ho received from his 
subordinate lurgeona, the wounded and sick ar« 



indebted for all the relief and comfort which it 
was possible to afford them. 

I should be glad if the names of every individ- 
ual who kept his place in the long struggle could 
be known. All those deserve praise and reward. 
On the other hand, the men who left the ranks 
and the field, and especially the officers who went 
away without orders, should be known, and held 
up to scorn. In some of the retreating groups I 
discovered officers ; and, sometimes, the officers 
were furthest in the rear. What hope can we 
have of the safety of the country, when even a few 
military officers turn their backs upon the enemy 
without orders? Such officers should be dis- 
charged and disgraced, and brave men advanced 
to their places. The task of reformation is not 
easy, because much true manliness has been suf- 
focated in deluding theories, and the improvement 
will not be complete undl valor is more esteemed, 
nor until we adopt as a maxim, that to decorate 
a coward with shoulder-straps, is to pave the road 
to a nation^s ruin. Respectfully submitted. 

E. D. Ketes, 
Commanding Fourth Corpa. 

OFFICIAL RXPORT OF 6ENBRAL CASET. 

HBAOQCABTBaS QmM, CaOT^ DitBIOV, ) 

ToThAM Hill, Haxuoo Ca, Va., June, 1862. f 
Captain : In obedience to directions from the 
General commanding the Fourth corps, I have 
the honor to submit the following report of the 
operations of my division in the battle of the 
Seven Pines, on the thirty-first ultimo. I occu- 
pied with my division the advanced position of 
the army, about three fourths of a mile from the 
cross-roads at the Seven Pines, where I caused 
rifle-pits and a redoubt to be thrown up. Also 
an abattis to be conimenced about one third of a 
mile in fix)nt of the pits, and parties were em- 
ployed upon these works on the morning of th^ 
thirty-first 

Previously to occupying my last position I had 
occupied the cross-roads, and had there also caus- 
ed an abattis to be cut and earthworks to be com- 
menced. On the twenty-ninth, the day on which 
I moved my camp forward, and also on the thir- 
tieth, my advanced pickets had been attacked by 
a body of the enemy on the former day by a force 
of three hundred and on the next by one of four 
hundred in number. The pickets on the first 
day succeeded in driving the enemy back in con- 
fusion, killing and wounding a number, with a 
loss on my part of but two kSled and two wound- 
ed. Major Kelly, of the Ninety-sixth regiment 
New-York volunteers, was one of my killed. The 
Major was in command of my pickets at this point, 
and by his gallant conduct animated the men to 
the firm resistance offered. In the attack of the 
thirtieth, I ordered the One Hundredth regiment, 
New-York volunteers, to move to the support of 
the pickets. With the assistance of this regi- 
ment, under the command of Col. Brown, they 
'Succeeded in repelling the attack, the enemy leav- 
ing «ix of his dead upon the ground. On the 
morning of the thirty-first of May my pickets to- 
ward the right of my line succeeded in capturing 



80 



REBELLION RECORD, 1862. 



Lieut Washington, an Aid of Gen. Johnston, of 
the rebel service. This circumstance, in connec- 
tion with the fact that Col Hunt, my general 
ofBccr of the day, had reported to me that his 
outer pickets had heard cars running nearly all 
night on the Richmond end of the railroad, led 
me to exercise increased vigilance. Between 
eleven and twelve o*clock, a mounted vidette was 
sent in from the advanced pickets, to report that 
A body of the enemy was in sight, approaching on 
the Richmond road. I immediately ordered the 
One Hundred and Third regiment Pennsylvania 
volunteers to advance to the ftoni for the purpose 
of supporting the pickets. It was soon afterward 
reported to me by a mounted vidette that the 
enemy were advancing in force ; and about the 
same time two shells were tiirown over my camp. 
I was led to believe that a serious attack was 
contemplated, and immediately ordered the divi- 
sion under arms, the men at work on the abattis 
and rifle-pits to be recalled and to join their rai- 
ments, the artillery to be harnessed up at once, 
and made n^y disposition to repel the enemy. 
While these were in progress the pickets com- 
menced firing. I directed Spratf s battery of 
four pieces, three-inch rifle guns, to advance in 
firont of the rifle-pits about one fourth of a mile, 
m order to reply with advantage to the enemy's 
artillery, which I knew was in battery in front 
of my pickets* line, and also to shell the enemy 
as soon as the withdrawal of the pickets and their 
supports should permit I supported this battety 
by the One Hundred and Fourth regiment Penn- 
sylvania volunteers, the Eleventh regiment Maine 
volunteers, and the One Hundredth regiment 
New- York volunteers, of the First brigade, and 
the Kinety-second regiment New- York volunteers 
of the Third brigade. 

I placed Capt Bates^s battery, commanded by 
Lieut Hart, in the redoubt, Capt Regan's bat- 
'tery in rear and on the right of the rifle-pits ; 
Capt Fitch's battery in rear of the redoubt The 
Eighty-fifth regiment New- York volunteers occu- 
pied the rifle-pits on the left, and the Eighty-fifth 
foment Pennsylvania volunteers those on the 
right The One Hundred and First regiment 
Pennsylvania volunteers were posted on the right 
of these regiments, and the Eighty-first, Ninety- 
sixth and Ninety-eighth New-York regiments 
were advanced to cover the left flank. For several 
days the Fifty-second Pennsylvania volunteers 
had occupied a position on the Nine-mile road, a 
support to my advanced pickets on my right 
flank, and the Fifty-sixth regiment New- York 
volunteers had held a position on the railroad. 
I made no change in the position of these last 
two regiments. About fifteen minutes after these 
dispositions bad been completed, I directed the 
advanced battery to open on the artillery and 
advancing column of the enemy. In a short time 
after, the One Hundred and Third regiment Penn- 
sylvania volunteers, which at the first alarm had 
been ordered to the support of the pickets, came 
down the road in some confusion, having su^ered 
considerable loss from the fire of the rebel ad- 
vance. The enemy now attacked me in large 



force on the centre and both wings, and a brisk 
fire of musketry extended along the two oppos* 
ing lines ; my artillery in the mean time throwmg 
canister into their ranks with great effect Per- 
ceiving, at length, that the enemy were tbreaUn- 
ing me upon both wings, for want of refinforoe- 
ments, which had been repeatedly asked for, and 
that his column still pressed on, I then, in order 
to save my artillery, ordered a charge of bayonets 
by the four supporting regiments of the centre, 
which was executed in a most gallant and BU^ 
cessful manner, under the immeaiate direction of 
Brig. -Gen. Naglee, commanding First brigade, the 
enemy being driven back. 

When the charge had ceased, but not until the 
troops had reached the edge of the woods, the 
most terrible fire of musketry commenced that 1 
have ever witnessed. The enemy again advanced 
in force, and the flanks having been again serere- 
ly threatened, a retreat to the works became ne 
cessary. To be brief; the rifle-pits were retained 
until they were almost enveloped by the enemT 
— the troops, with some exceptions, fighting with 
spirit and gallantry. The troops then retreated 
to the second line, in possession of Gen. Coach's 
division. Two pieces of artillery were placed in 
the road between the two lines, which did good 
execution upon the advancing foe. 

On my arrival at the second line, I succeeded 
in rallying a portion of my division, and, with the 
assistance of Gen. Kearney, who had just arriyed 
at the head of one of the brigades of his division, 
attempted to regain possession of my works, but 
it was found impracticable. The troops of Gen. 
Couch's division were driven back, although re- 
enforced by the corps of Gen. Heintzelman. The 
corps of Gen. Keves and Heintzelman, baring re 
treated to the third line, by direction of Gea 
Heintzelman, I then collected together what re 
mained of my division. 

The Fifty -second Pennsylvania volunteers, and 
the Fifty-sixth regiment New- York volunteers 
were under the particular direction of Brig.-Gea 
Naglee, and I refer to his report for further men- 
tion of them. Gen. Naglee behaved with disp 
tingutshed gallantry through the engagement, 
having a horse killed under him, and receiving 
four contused wounds from musket-balls. Gen& 
Palmer and Wessells, encouraged by their exam- 
ple their men to do their duty on the field. Gen. 
Wessells had a horse shot under him, and himself 
received a wound in the shoulder. Lieutenants 
West and Foster, my Aids-de-Camp, were activt 
through the day, affording me much service and 
behaving gallantly. Capt Davis, of the provost- 
guard of my division, acted as my aid a portion 
of the time, rendering much assistance, and con- 
ducting himself in a gallant manner. I also feel 
much mdebtedness to my Medical Director, Dr. 
Crosby, for the energy he evinced in collecting, 
and his promptness anM skill in providing for the 
wounded. I 'have enclosed a list of the killed, 
wounded and missing, as also the reports of the 
commanders of the brigades to which I refer. 1 
cannot forbear mention of the severe misfortune 
suffered by the division and the service in the 



DOCtTMENTa 



61 



loss of CoL G. D. Bailey, my chief of artillery, 
who fell in the attempt to spike the pieces in my 
redoubt, which were necessarily abandoned. 
CoL Bailey was an o£9cer of thorough military 
education, of clear and accurate yind, cool, deter- 
mined and intrepid in the dischaxge of his duty, 
and promising, with riper years, to honor still 
more the profession to which he was devoted. 

About the same time also fell Major Van Val- 
kenbure, of the First regiment New- York artil- 
lery, a braye and discreet and energetic o£Qcer. 
Under the circumstances, I think it my duty to 
add a few remarfcs with regard to my division. 
On leaving Washington, eight of the regiments 
▼ere composed of raw troops. It has been the 
misiortune of the division, marching through the 
Peninsula, to be subjected to an ordeal which 
would have severely tried veteran troops. Fur- 
nished with scanty transportation, occupying 
sickly positions, exposed to the inclemency of the 
weaker, at times without tents or blankets ; illy 
supplied with rations and medical stores, the loss 
from sickness has been great, especially with the 
officers. Yet a party from my division took pos- 
session oi the railroad-bridge across the Chicka- 
hommy, driving the enemy from it, and my di- 
rision took the advance on the twenty-third day 
of Ibj, and, by an energetic reconnoissance, 
drove the enemy beyond the Seven Pines. Not- 
withstuiding aU these drawbacks, and the fact 
that there were not five thousand men in line of 
battle, they withstood for three hours the attack 
of an overwhelming force of the enemy without 
the reenforcement of a single man at my first line. 
The Fifty-fifth regiment New-York volunteers 
reached my second line just before it was evacu- 
ated If a portion of my division did not behave 
as well as could have been wished, it must be re- 
membered to what a terrible ordeal they were 
subjected ; still those that behaved discreditably 
were exceptional cases. It is true that the divi- 
sion, after being nearly surrounded by the enemy 
and losing one third of the number actually en- 
gaged, retreated to the second line ; they would 
all have been prisoners of war had they delayed 
their retreat a few minutes longer. 

In my humble opinion, fi^>m what I witnessed 
on the thirty-first, I am convinced that the stub- 
bom and desperate resistance of my division 
MTcd the army on the right bank of the Ghicka- 
hominy from a severe repulse, which might have 
resulted in a disastrous defeat 

The blood of the gallant dead would cry to me 
from the ground on which they fell fighting for 
their country, had I not said what I have to vin- 
dicate them from the unmerited aspersions which 
bare been cast upon them. Silas Caset, 

Brigsdler-Q«Qeral Gommanding. 

KEPOBT or BRIO.-6ENKBAL MAGLEI. 

Lbutekant : Before alluding to the occur- 
rences of the thirty-first of May, it would proba- 
bly add to a better understanding of the subject 
to refer to the advance of my brigade on the 
twenty-fourth, twenty-fifth and twenty-sixth, a 
week previous. 

Vou v.— Doa 6 



Having crossed the railroad bridge, and exam- 
ined the Chickahominy from the railroad to Bot- 
tom's Bridge, on the twentieth, and made a recon- 
noissance from the ** Chimneys *' near Bottom's 
Bridge to within two miles of the James River, 
on the Quaker road, on the twenty-third. Gen. 
McClellan ordered me to make a reconnoissance 
of the road and country by the Williamsburgh 
road as far as the Seven Pines, on Saturday, the 
twenty-fourth, with instructions, '* if possible, to 
advance to the Seven Pines, or the forks of the 
direct road to Richmond, and the road turning to 
the right into the road leading from New-Bridge 
to Richmond, and to hold that point if practica- 
ble." Under these instructions, with the addi- 
tion of two batteries of GoL Bailey's New- York 
First artillery, and CoL Gregg's cavalry, we pushed 
the reconnoissance, not without considerable 
opposition, to the Seven Pines on the day referred 
to ; one mile and a half beyond the Pines on the 
following day ; and to a line perpendicular to the 
railroad from Richmond to West-Point, intersect- 
ing it midway between the fifth and sixth mile- 
posts, on the day following the last ; and on the 
day aftei^ the twenty-seventh, extended it across 
to the Nme-mile road, where it is intersected by 
the road to Gamett's house, and thence by this 
road bearing to the right Our picket lines ex- 
tended to the Chicki^ominy. This line, frx>m 
the river across the railroad to the Williamsburgh 
road, about three miles long, was picketed at first 
b^ the First brigade, and afterwards by Casey's 
division, but placed more directly under the 
charge and protection of the regiments of the 
First brigade, which were encamped idong its en- 
tire length for that purpose. « 

The picket line proposed to be kept up, and 
the supports to the same, from the left of the 
above picket line on the Williamsburgh road to 
the White Oak Swamp, were especially entrusted 
to Gen. Couch. This was the line of our ad- 
vance on Saturday, the thirty-first of May, at 
twelve v., when two shells thrown into our cavip 
first announced the hostile intentions of the ene- 
my. No alarm was felt by any one, for it was 
seldom that twenty-four hours passed that we 
did not exchange similar salutations. 

Soon after it was reported that an attack waa 
impending, the usual orders were issued, and 
within half an hour the troops moved to positions 
that were assigned to them by Gen. Casev. Be- 
ing at this time on the "Nine-mile road,'*^near a 
breastwork fronting the " Old Tavern," then un- 
der construction, and judging, fit)m the discharges 
of musketry becoming frequent, that something 
serious was intended, I hastened in the direction 
indicated by the fire, and soon arrived upon tho 
ground, on the Williamsburgh road, about three 
quarters of a mile in front of the "Seven Pines," 
where I found Gen. Casey, who had placed the 
One Hundredth New-York, Col. Brown, on the 
left of that road, behind a field of large timber 
that had been cut down. On the right of the 
same road was placed Capt Spratt's New- York 
battery of four pieces. On the right of this were 
three companies of the Eleventh Maine, Col Plais- 



82 



REBELLION BEGORD, 186S. 



ted ; and on the right of the Eleventh Maine were 
eight companies of the One Hundred and Foarth 
Pennsylvania, Col. Davis. Four companies of 
the Eleventh Maine wet^ on picket dut^, hut, be- 
ing driven in, formed with the Fifty-sixth New- 
York, Lieut -Col. Jaudon, at his encampment, 
in line of battle, parallel with and about eight 
hundred yards m rear of the picket line—two 
hundred yards to the left of ithe railroad. GoL 
Dodgers Fifty-second Pennsylvania, supporting 
the picket line on the extreme right, formed at 
his encampment, on the Nine-mile road, three 

Suarters of a mile in rear of the large Gamett 
eld. The remaining companies of the One Hun- 
dred and Fourth Pennsylvania and Eleventh 
Maine were on picket duty alon^ the large field 
In the direction of the Ghickahommy. 

Soon after my arrival upon the ground — about 
one o*clock p.m. — the fire then ^ing frequent, 
and from the direction of the main Richmond 
stage-road. Gen. Gaser gave an order to the One 
Hundredth New-York, and One Hundred and 
Fourth Pennsylvania and Eleventh Maine to 
charge, when, as reported by GoL Davis, the 
r^ments sprang forward "towards the enemvi 
with a tremendous yell. In our way was a high 
worm fence, which cut our former line of battle, 
but the boys sprang over it, into the same indo- 
sure with the enemy, where we formed and re- 
newed the fight The battle now raged with 
great fuiy, and the firing was much hotter than 
before. Spratf s battery during this time had 
kept up a lively fire in the same direction. At 
about three p.x., the enemy being largely rein- 
forced, pressed us in fh>nt and flank, and seeing 
that we could not hold our position much longer, 
unless reinforced, I despatched an officer to Uen. 
Gasey for that purpose. The Golonel of the One 
Hundredth New-York being killed, the Golonel of 
the One Hundred and Fourth Pennsylvania se- 
verely wounded, the Major mortally wounded, 
the Lieutenant-Colonel absent, half of our men 
having been killed or wounded, the enemy, ten 
times our number, within a few feet of us— one 
of them striking Sergeant Porter, the left guide 
of the One Hundred and Fourth, over the neck 
with his musket— several of the Eleventh Maine 
being bayoneted, and receiving no reinforcements, 
we were ordered, with Spratt s battery, to retire ; 
but, unfortunately, the horses of one of the pieces 
being killed, we were compelled to abandon that 
piece." 

The enemy endeavored to follow up this suc- 
cess, and was advancing in closed columns, when 
our troops having been sufBctentlv withdrawn. 
Col. Bailey, of the First New-York arUllery, at 
my request directed the fire of the batteries of 
Fitch and Bates, situated in and near the re- 
doubt, to be concentrated upon the advandng 
mass. At every discharge of grape and canister 
wide gaps were ^lened in his ranks, which were 
filled as soon as opened ; still, he pressed on, 
until, after many trials, with immense loss, find- 
ing that he was " advancing into the very jaws 
of death,'* with sullen hesitation he oonchidod to 
desist at this point 



I congratulated Col. Bailey upon his gallant 
conduct and good services, as heretofore de- 
scribed, and suggested that in the event of being 
compelled to abandon another piece, he should 
instruct his gunners to spike before leaving it 
He went into tike redoubt to give these orders, 
when he was shot by a rifle-ball through the fore- 
head, and died a few minutes after, the State 
losine a gallant soldier, and his artillerymen a 
friend to whom thev were entirely devoted. Soon 
after this, Minor Van Yalkenbuivh, of the same 
artillery, was killed by a rifle-ball whilst actively 
engaged in working these batteries, and but a lit- 
tle while after, Lieut Rumsey, the Adjutant, in 
the same manner. All of the field and staff-offi- 
cers being killed, I assumed the direction of the 
batteries composing the First New-York artillery. 

No reenforcements having been sent to us, and 
desirous of following up the success above referred 
to, about half-past three p.m., I rode to the rear, 
and led up the Fifty-fifth New-York, Lieut-CoL 
Thoim)t, and placed it in line perpendicular to 
the WilUamsbui^ road, about fifty yards in ad- 
vance of the redoubt, the left resting a short dis- 
tance fix>m the road. Before getting into posi- 
tion they were compelled to march* over the 
bodies of their killed and wounded comrades, and 
soon after found themselves fully engaged. Lear- 
ing the Fifty-fifth, my attention was directefl to- 
wards the right, where I found the Fifty-sixth 
New-York, with the Eleventh Maine, who, after 
four hoiurs* contest, had fallen back about four 
hundred yards, and were again placed by me, at 
four hours and ten minutes, in a depression in 
the ground, about midway between the WilKams- 
bui^h road and the nulroad, and about three 
hundred yards in front of the Nine-mile road 
Near bv I found the Fifty-second Pennsylvania, 
which had been ordered from the right, and I 
placed them in echelon to the right, and front of 
the Fifty-sixth, with the right resting upon and 
in rear of a lam nond. At this time the fire 
here had considerably slackened, but was consid- ' 
erably increasing on the left Returning in abont | 
an hour, to the left, I found the Fifty-fifth en- 
gaged to their utmost extent, and ascertained for I 
the first time that the enemy had discovered, I 
what I had long feared, that there were none of 
our troops between the White Oak Swamp and a I 
line pamlel with and but two hundred yards | 
from the Williamsburgh road. He had more than 
an hour before discovered this, and with sharp- 
shooters concealed in the woods, to the left and 
rear of the redoubt and rifle-pits, they had killed 
many of our most valuable officers, had picked 
off three cannoniers, and had killed from three to 
four horses out of every team attached to the 
First New- York artillery, and, at the time of my 
return, had driven our men from the rifle-pits. 
No time was to be lost ; Pitch's batterj was or- 
derod to the rear. The battery under Lieut 
Hart was next ordered to retire, but it was soon 
found that but one limber could be moved. I 
ordered the pieces to be spiked ; but after spiking 
the pieces in the redoubt, those on the outside of 
it were in the possession of Uie enemy. By way 



POCUMEKTa 



83 



of precfttttioD, I had ordered the prolongues to be 
fixed to the sections of Regan*8 battery, still fir- 
ing ap the Williamsburgh road, and ordered it to 
retire firing, until in the abattts that crosses the 
nsd. I then withdrew the Fift^-fifth, under the 
protection of this fire. This regiment had fought 
most gallantlj, sufifered severely, and contributed 
much, in the end, towards saving Regan*8 bat- 
tery fiiom falling into the hands of the enemy. 
And then the entire field in fi'ont of| and includ- 
ing the redoubt, was in possession of the ene- 
mj, who had pressed to within a few yards of us, 
it bemg necessary to support many of the wound- 
ed horses, to keep them firom falling in the traces. 
Atatpiarter-past five p.m., we brought the last 
ndioDS of Bailey's First New - York artillery 
from the field, the air being at this time literally 
fiQed with iron and lead. Returning rapidly to 
my Fifty-sixth New- York, Eleventh Maine and 
Fiffy'S^nd Pennsylvania, my anticipations here 
were realized ; being successful in turning our 
left flank, the enemy had opened a most destruc- 
Un cross-ftre upon them fix>m the pieces near the 
ndoabt that had not been spiked ; and this, with 
the fire fix>m their immediate front, was no long- 
er to be endured, and they were withdrawn and 
marched down the Nine-mile road, and placed in 
position, in rear of this road, about three hun- 
dred ynds firom the Seven Pines, where soon 
their services were required. In the mean while, 
CoL Ndll, of the Twenty-third Pennsylvania, had 
come upon the ground occupied by Ck)L Dodge, 
tnd induced him to advance in front, and to the 
right of the position that had been assigned to 
him, whilst he, CoL Neill, occupied that which 
the Fifty-second Pennsylvania evacuated. But 
these dispositions were scarcely made before the 
masses of the enemy broke through, and a few 
mmutes sufiBced to' leave the half of Dodge's com- 
nmnd upon the ground, and to force Neill preci- 
pitateiy fixmi his position. 

The remauiing portion of the Fifty-second — for 
it was now reduced to a little over <me hundred 
nien— were conducted along the Nine-mile road 
to the Seven Pines^ where, finding the rifle-pits 
oocapted, they took possession of a fence and 
some outhouses, and did most efiective service. 
Afterward they crossed to the left of Couch's 
position, and advanced two hundred yards, into 
ind along the woods, to the left and front of the 
Seven Fhke&, where they remained actively em- 
ployed until near dark, when the enemv advanc- 
ing rapidly in masses to the rear of Iftie Nine-mile 
roftd, indined toward the Williamsburgh road, 
sweeping everything from the field, our forces 
onknigoae general, simultaneous movement to 
the rear, which did not stop until all had arrived 
it the line of defence, one mile in that direction. 
The Fifty-second, having their retreat cut ofiT, 
escaped by passing through the woods to the left 
and rear, to the saw-mill at the White Oak 
Swamp, and thence to the line above referred to, 
where they rejoined their comrades of the First 
hrigada Following down the Nine-mile road, 
ifW Dodge retired fix>m his first position, about 
five hundnd yards from the intersection of the 



Seven Pines, I found Col. J. Adams commanding 
the First Long Island, which was placed across 
the road, a portion of the right flank being in 
rear of it, with the left flank extendins; to the 
front and left Advising Col. Adams of the rapid 
approach of the enemy, of the direction he was 
coming, and of the position of the Fifty-sixth and 
One Hundred and Fourth Pennsylvania on his 
left, he withdrew the left flank of the Long Island 
to the rear of the Nine-mile road, making a con- 
tinuous line with the above, and the men were 
ordered to lie down, that they should escape the 
murderous fire that was incessantly pouring in 
from the front Scarcely was this done before 
the Eighty-seventh New-York, Col. Stephen £. 
Dodge, of Kearney's division, Heintzelman's corps, 
came along the Nine-mile road, with rapid step, 
cheering most vociferously, passed the Fifty-sixth 
New- York, One Hundred and Fourth Pennsylva- 
nia, and First Long Island about fifty yards, receiv- 
ed a volley, broke, and passed the whole of them, 
running over the backs of those lying down, the 
latter remaining undisturbed until ordered to rise 
and meet the accumulated force that was bearing 
all before it Volley after volley was given and 
received. An order was given to charge, but one 
hundred yards brought us into such close prox- 
imity with the enemy, '* that a sheet of fire was 
blazmg in our faces.** The ranks on both sides 
were rapidly thinning ; but still the great disparity 
in our numbers continued. So close were the 
contending forces, that our men in many in- 
stances, whilst at a chax^ poured their fire into 
the breasts of the enemy, within a few feet from 
the points of their bayonets. This dreadful con- 
test lasted until nearly dark. My Fifty-sixth and 
One Hundred and Fourth suffered dreadfully, 
lost the greater part of their officers and men, and 
were compelled to give way, carrying their wound- 
ed with them. 

It was then, in the language of Lieut Haney, 
of the One Hundred and Fourth, " that I (Lieut 
Haney) and Lieut Ashenfelder and others led 
Capt Corcoran, Capt Swatzlander, and Lieut 
Hendric off the field. It was about half an hour 
before dark. We went down the Nine-mile road, 
and along the Williamsburgh road. The fighting 
was nearly over. Our troops were all retiring. 
We saw the enemy not over seventy-five ysLTds 
in our rear, and no troops between us and them. 
All of our forces were moving back, little regard 
being paid to brigade, regimental, or even com- 
pany organization. Kearney*s troops came, but 
did not stay long. Capt Corcoran becoming 
continually weaker, we were compelled to carry 
him." 

Fully confirming the statements of my officers^ 
I assert that I saw no running, and there was no 
panic, but all moved off together, with a single 
purpose, and that one, to make a stand upon tiie 
line of defences, one mile in the rear, the only one 
of sufficient capacity to enable us to defend our- 
selves against vastly superior numbers, until our 
reinforcements could be brought together. 

Company I, Captain Morrill^ and company E, 
Lieut Sabine^ of the Eleventh Maine, were on 



84 



REBELLION RECORD, 186Z 



picket duty along the Garnett field, in front of 
which several rebel regiments marched about 
dark. Some of the men crawled into the wheat 
and shot three of the field-officers as they marched 
by. When Sedgwick crossed the Chickahominy 
they immediately communicated with him, re- 
mamed all night upon the picket line, with the 
enemy in their front and rear, and on Sunday, at 
nine a.m., came in, bringing more prisoners than 
the entire number of men in their ranks. 

Second Lieut Rice, of the Eleventh Maine, was 
very sick in the hospital, where there were a 
number of the same regiment After the fight 
grew warm he exclaimed : ** Boys, every one of 
you that can hold up his head, follow me." More 
than twenty followed him. He shouldered a 
musket, and all joined their regiment and fought 
most gallantly. Rice, after seventeen rounds, de- 
livered with deadly effect, for he was an excellent 
shot, was severely wounded in the thigh, and 
was carried from the field. 

Company £, One Hundred and Fourth Pennsyl- 
vania, Capt Harvey, Lieut Crdll, and fifty-eight 
men were extended on picket duty fh>m the rail- 
road to the comer, at the intersection of the Nine- 
mile road with the road to Gamett^s house; 
when, about three p.m., the enemy approached, 
but left them unmolested after firing some scat- 
tering shots, during which time we took thirteen 
prisoners. Alter five p.m. the enemy again ap- 
peared in forpe along this entire line. With the 
assistance of their supports he was held in check 
for nearly an hour, when, finding themselves sur- 
rounded, they were taken prisoners. Capt Har- 
vey was placed in charge of an officer with five 
men, and was marching off when a shell struck 
and killed the officer. The Captain, taking ad- 
vantage of the confusion, made his escape, four 
of the men following his example. / 

On Saturday, Lieut -CoL Hovt, of the Fifty- 
second Pennsylvania, was in charge of the pio- 
neers of the first brigade, and two companies of 
the same regiment, building a bridge which I had 
directed to be built across the Chickahominy. 
Remaining upon the ground and informing him- 
self of the proceedings upon the extreme right he 
rendered most valuable service by advising Gen. 
Sumner, as soon as he crossed the swamp, of the 
precise position of our forces and those of the 
enemy. After which, the enemy having pressed 
down between the railroad and Gen. Sumner, 
Lieut -CoL Hoyt, with the above and some of the 
One Hundredth New- York, that were driven in 
from the picket lines near ihe Chickahominy, re- 
mained with Gen. Sumner until Sunday, and be- 
haved well. After leaving the battle-field at 
dark, the brigade, numbering over one thousand, 
was marched to the right rifle-pits of the rear de- 
fences, but vacated them at the request of Gen. 
Kearney, and occupied those on the left, with the 
other brigades of Casey's division, where we re- 
mained under arms, in the rain, all night 

I have Bhown, in the history of the battle of 

t^ '^ "^ the conduct of every one of the 

^ ?ir8t brigade, from the time the 

Ired, at noon, until the enemy, 



having driven our troops firom the ground, near 
dark, cut off the retreat of the Fifty-second by 
the Williamsburgh road, and was still annoyed 
by its deadly fire. 

The list of casualties shows that there were 
taken into the action eighty-four officers and one 
thousand six hundred and sixty-nine men ; ind 
that thirty-five officers and six hundred and three 
men were killed, wounded, and taken prisoners^ 
being forty-two per cent of the former and thirty- 
seven per cent of the latter. Of the ninety- 
three of the Eleventh Maine that were led into 
the fight by CoL Plaisted, fifty-two were killed 
and wounded. 

The brigade was among the last enlisted It 
had been reduced more than one half by ack- 
ness. That it fought well none can deny, for it 
lost six hundred and thu*ty-«ight of its number; 
bodies were found over every part of the field, 
and where these bodies lay were found double 
the number of the enemy. 

The enemy, more generous than our friends, 
admit "that we fought most desperately, and 
against three entire divisions of his army, with 
two in reserve that, later in the day, were brought 
in." For three and a half hours we contested 
every inch of ground with the enemy, and did 
not yield in that time the half of a mile. We 
fought from twelve m. until half-past three p.m., 
with but little assistance, and until dark with our 
comrades of other regiments and of other divi- 
sions wherever we could be of service, and when, 
at dark, the enemy swept all before him, we were 
the last to leave the ground. 

I am most happy to refer to the kind treatment 
extended by the enemy to many of the wounded 
of the brigade that were taken prisoners. 

Since the battle of Seven Pines, now nearly 
three weeks, a force ten times that of Casey and 
Couch has not beeh able to regain the line of out- 
posts established by the First brigade on the 
twenty-sixth of May; our present line being 
half a mile in rear thereof. 

None of the brigade, regimental, or company 
^Sg<^ ^"^^ lost Some of the shelter-tents, 
knapsacks, and blankets, fell into the hands of 
the enemy, which was the natural consequence 
of being encamped in close proximity with the 
outposts. 

Conduct such as this, if it be not worthy of 
commendation, should not call forth censure, for 
censure undeserved chills the ardor and daring 
of the Boldid, and dishonors both the living ana 
the dead. Very respectfully, etc, 

Naoleb, 

To Lieut Foster, A. A. A. Gen., 

CaMy*s DlTlaion, Army of the Potomac 

GSNERAL PBOK«S REPORT. 

P»CK*s HxADQrAEmfl, iMTmroBSD Gamp, ( 
Nmak SKvnr Pxiaa, Ta. f 

Capt F, A, WalheVy Assist Adjutant- General: 

On moving to the " Seven Pines" on the twenty- 
ninth of May, I was ordered to occupy and guard 
the left flank of the encampment with my command, 
this being regarded as the weaker part of the line. 



BOCUMEKTa 



85 



The greater part of the day was occnp.ed in mak- 
ing eztenfliTe reconnoissances in the direction of 
'* White Oak Swamp" and the Charles City road. 
A strong picket line was established, from a mile 
to a mile and ft half in adyanoe. Enemy's pickets 
were found at many points. 

On the thirtieth, in consequence of an attack 
upon Gen. Casey's pickets, my brigade and two bat- 
teries were thrown out by direction of Qen. Couch 
upon the left of Qen. Casey's division, where they 
remained sereral hours awaiting the enemy's move- 
ment 

On the thirty-first, a little after eleven a.k., 
heavy picket-firing was heard in front The fall- 
ing of several shells into the vicinity of my head* 
qoaiters satisfied me that the enemy was advanc- 
ing apon Casey's divisioa 

Id accordance with directions frt>m Gen. Couch, 
my brigade was at once placed on the principal 
road connecting the Richmond stage-road with 
the Charles City road, for the purpose of holding 
the left flank. A portion of Major West's artil- 
lery was placed at my disposal, and held in re- 
scrre: Being in position, with my right restmg 
netr the artUlery of the division, I sent out nu- 
merous parties in every direction to gain informa- 
tion. At the opening of the engagement, I was 
instructed by Gen. Couch to send the Ninety-third 
Pennsylvania volunteers, CoL McCarter, to take 
position on the left of Casey' s division. The regi- 
ment moved into line quickly, and held its ground 
as long as possible, falling back with- the general 
line on its right, but in excellent order. 

About one p.il, General Keyes, commanding 
Fourth corps, detached the Fifty-fifth New-York 
volonteers, under Lieut-Colonel Thomas, fix)m 
my command, and led them into position himself 
This regiment was placed in support of one of the 
advanced batteries, and acquitted itself in a cred- 
itable manner. It will be a matter of deep regret 
to CoL do Trobriand that he %a8 prevented by 
illness from participating in this engagement 

Later in the day. Gen. Keyes despatched the 
Sixty-second New-York volunteers, CoL Riker, 
to the support of Gen. Couch on the extreme 
right 

About three p.m., the Ninety-third Pennsylva- 
nia volunteers rejoined me with colors flying, and 
was placed on the left of my line. 

At this critical juncture, Gen. Keyes sent an 
order for my two remaining regiments to move on 
the main road in support of the front, which he 
countermanded immediately on learning the ad- 
vance of the enemy on the left, and the import- 
ance of the position held by me vrith so small a 
force, unsupported by artillery. 

About half-past three p.m., Captain Morris, As- 
Dstant Adjutant-General, had an inter^ew with 
Gen. Heintzelman, who enquired if I could press 
forward on the extreme left of the line. On being 
informed that several roads connecting the Charles 
aty rood and the main road to Richmond led into 
the road held by me, he appreciated the import- 
axioeof the position, and directed me to hold it at 
all hazards. 
Aboat half-past four p.m., Generals Heintzel- 



man and Keyes informed me that the enemy was 
assailing our right flank in great force, and urged 
me to push forward the regiment at a double- 
quick for its support I moved off at the head of 
the One Hundred and Second Pennsylvania vol- 
unteers, CoL Rowley, followed by the Ninety -third 
Pennsylvania volunteers, CoL McCarter, across 
the open fields, under the concentrated fire of nu- 
merous batteries and of heavy musketry from the 
right These regiments came into line handsome- 
ly, pressed forward on the enemy, and contribut- 
ed their best energies to sustain their comrades 
so gallantly contesting inch by inch the advancing 
foe. For about the space of half an hour our lines 
swayed forward and oack repeatedly, and at last, 
unable to withstand the pressure from successive 
reenforcements of the enemy, were compelled to 
Ml back to the woods across the main road. Hav- 
ing remained near the main road with my Aid-de- 
Camp, Lieutenant Stirling, until the troops had 
passed out of view, I pushed on in the direction 
of the road leading to the saw-milL Coming up 
with numerous detachments of various regiments 
and a portion of the One Hundred and Second Penn- 
sylvania volunteers, with the assistance of Lieu- 
tenants Titus and Stirling of my staff, I rallied 
these men, and was conducting them back toward 
the Richmond road, when- 1 met Gen. Kearney, 
who advised me to withdraw these troops by way 
of the saw-mill to the intrenched camp at this 
place. I stated I did not feel at liberty to do so 
unless by his order, which he gave. I arrived at 
this camp about half-past six p.m., in company with 
Gen. Kearney. Finding nearly all the forces here, 
I took position in the rifle-pit with General Ber- 
ry's brig;ade. During the night my troops were 
supplied with a proper allowance of ammunition, 
provisions were brought in from the Chickahom- 
iny, the lines were strongly picketed, and every 
preparation made to meet the enemy. 
• At daylight, on the first of June, I was placed 
in command of the intrenchments. The force at 
hand was not far from ten thousand men, with 
a large supply of artillery. Small detachments 
and stragglers were collected, and sent to their 
respective regiments. All available means were 
employed to promote the comfort and efficiency 
of the troops. Heavy working parties, relieved 
at intervals of two hours, were employed until the 
morning of the second, extending and strength- 
ening the whole line of works. A six-gun battery 
was thrown up on the left of the line, covering 
the approaches from the Charles City road. Be- 
fore morning, the guns were in position. Another 
important work was constructed on the front, 
sweeping the depression running obliquely to- 
ward th6 timber nearest the system of works. A 
large force was busily engaged in slashing the 
timber in front, and on the extreme left. Lieu- 
tenant Titus was sent with a party to obstruct all 
roads and fords across the White Oak Swamp. I 
directed two squadrons of cavalry to reconnoitre 
carefully, at intervals of two hours. Several re- 
giments took part in a thorough reconnoissance 
made by General Palmer. For these results I 
was mainly indebted to the cordial cooperation 



86 



BEBELLION RECORD, 1862. 



of Generals Wesells, Naglee, Palmer, Berry, and 
Devens, and Colonels Neill, Innes^ Hayden, and 
Major West, Chief of Artillerjr. 

It gires me great pleasure to say that Miyor 
Gen. MeClelliui and Gens. Heintselman and 
Eeyes rode twice along the entire lines in the 
afternoon, to the great gratification of the 
troops, who received them with unbounded en- 
thusiasm. 

It is a matter of regret that the Ninety-eighth 
Pennsylvania volunteers were not present at the 
battle, being despatched on special duty with 
Gen. Stonemaa. It was unfortunate that the 
exigencies of the occasion rec^uired the breaking 
up of my brigade organisation, and in conse- 
quence I was only able to go into the last charge 
on the right with about a thousand mea This 
small body, in conjunction with the brave troops 
hotly engaged, staggered the SUte of the enemy, 
and checKed his powerful efforts for gaining the 
main road. My effective force was reduced by 
detachments to two thousand men, of whom 
forty-one were killed, two hundred and forty- 
two woundedf and sixty-one missing—making a 
total of three hundred and forty-four, or about 
one sixth of the command ei^nged. 

Col. J. Lafayette Riker, Sixty-second New- 
York volunteers, fell while repelling a charge 
upon one of the batteries. His bearing on this 
occasion, like that at the battle of Williamsburgh, 
was marked by great coolness and unflinching 
determination. 

Lieut John E. Rodgers, Ninety-third Pennsyl- 
vania volunteers, was a promising officer, and 
fellgallantly breasting the storm. 

The following-named officers were wounded, 
and deserve mention for their honorable conduct, 
namely, Capi John W. Patterson, Capt Thomas 
McLaughlin, A^utant Joseph Browne, Lieut 
William B. Ktoney, of the One Hundred and 
Second Pennsylvania volunteers ; A^utant Leon 
Cuvillier, Capt J. S. Plknmuller, Lieuts. T. Ar- 
nold, L. Israel, and Kranne, of the Fifty-fifth 
New -York volunteers; Capt A. C. Maitland, 
Capt Eli Daugharty, and Capt J. M. Mark, of the 
Ninety-third Pennsylvania volunteers. 

Lieut M. McCarter, Ninety-third Pennsylvania 
volunteers, wmI probably taken prisoner, and is 
doubtless safe. 

The accompanying paper presents the names 
of killed, wounded, and missing. It is a long 
Ust of meritorious and brave men. They fought 
wdl, and their country will never be unmindAil 
of their faithful and patriotic s^ces. 

Cols. Rowley and McCarter (both badl^r wound- 
ed) and Lieut-Cols. Thorout and Nevins ma- 
noeuvred their commands with skill, exhibiting 
most commendable alacrity, cheering and leading 
their men on to the combat Rowley would not 
quit his regiment, and McCarter had two horses 
wounded. Major Dayton, Sixty-second New- 
York volunteers; Major Jehl and Capt Tissot, 
fifty -fifth New -York volunteers; Lieut -Col. 
Kinkhead, Major Poland, Capts. Fulwood and 
McLaughlin, Lieuts. Patchell, Reed, and Dain, of 
the One Hundred and Second Pennsylvania vol- 



unteers ; Capt Arthur and Adjutant Lewis^ of 
the Ninetv-third Pennsylvania volunteers, were 
distinguished for their energy, coolness, and 
bravery, under very trying drcumstancea The 
gallant Capt McFarland, One Hundred and Sec- 
ond Pennsvlvania volunteers, (very ill,) was twice 
taken by the enemy and retaken oy our troop^ 
He came in with tiie wounded Colonel and six 
men of the Sixth South-Carolina regiment as 
prisoners. 

The officers of the Medical Department are en- 
tiUed to the gratitude of all for their self sacri- 
ficing and untuing devotion to the wounded. 

Major West, of the Pennsylvania artiUeiy, I 
take especial satisfaction in commending for yil- 
uable services. 

Privates W. C. Wall, Jr., and John Aiken, Jr., 
are mentioned fiivorably by their regimental com- 
mander. 

Brigade -Sur^n S. R. Haven, Lieut Silts 
Titus, and Daniel Lodor, Jr., Aids ; Quartermas- 
ter J. S. Scbultze, Commissary M. J. Green, and 
Samuel Wilkeson of the New- Yoric Tribwis^ who 
volunteered his services, were constantiy employ- 
ed in the transmission and execution of orders 
involving great personal risk. 

Capt Wm. H. Morris, Asst Adj.-Gen^ and 
Lieut Charles R Stirling, Aid, deserve partictt- 
lar mention for gallant conduct with the One 
Hundred and Second and Ninety-third Pennsyl- 
vania regiments, in the rapid and bold advance 
on the nght The horses of both officers were 
wounded. 

My horse fell with me after the third or fomth 
round, and no other being at hand, Lieut Stir- 
ling dismounted and tendered me his own, which 
I was soon obliged to accept 

Considering the disadvantages of the position, 
the smallness of the force at hand, the suddenness 
of the attack on several vital points, with over 
whelming numb^, and the &ct that portions 
of the field were not taken by the enemy, and 
that the whole was soon recovered, this battle 
must be regarded as one of the most severe and 
brilliant victories of the war. 

Yery respectfully, your obedient servant, 
John J. Picx. 

LIST OV OASUiXTU 

The following is Gen. McClellan's report of the 
Union losses at the battle of Fair Oaks : 
Eon, Edwin M, Stanton^ Secretary qf War: 

The following is a statement of the killed, 
wounded, and missing of tiie thirty-first of May 
and June first, 1862, in fix>nt of Richmond : 

Qorpf. Kffled. Woimd«d. UWiif. 

0«D. Bamner, (Second,) 188 8M 14( 

Hdntaehnto, (Third,) 869 980 155 

K«yet,CFourth,) 448 1758 JM 

ToUl, Iw ISt 1«» 

The grand total, killed, wounded, and missing, 
is five thousand seven hundred and thirty-nine. 

A nominal list will be furnished as soon as the 
data can be received. G. B. McClellan, 



D0GUMSN78. 



Bt 



QZSMBAL KECHAKDaOiro LVTTES. 

CaM^ AT m f AiB Oaib BriTioir, Ta., } 
ItTB Milk raoM Ricvkuid, June 4, 1892. f 

DiAB Sis: Wishing to give jou some particu- 
Im of the hard-fought battle in which the whole 
of mv division was engaged on the first of this 
month, I have to state beforehand that I cannot 
jost now give a detailed account of the action at 
tluB time, as we are still in front of the enemy, 
and may be attacked at any time, which is not 
conducive to a perfect history. This point is on 
the nilroad leading from our base of supplies to 
Btchmond, and, of course, is a strategic point, 
and thovfore necessary to be defended at what- 
ercr cost, as the means of feeding this army. An 
intrenched camp, consisting of an advanced lu- 
nette and an abattis supporting it, was found a 
qoarter of a mile in advance of this station, and 
m it WIS placed Casey's division of infantry, with 
Bome twenty pieces of artillery, and Coudi's di- 
vision in rear of him for support 

Further down the railroad was the corps of 
Heintsehnan, the next nearest support being the 
«Hp8 (jt Sumner, consisting of Sedgwick's and 
Dfown division, which had not yet crossed the 
Chickahominy, and were from six to seven miles 
distant The corps of Fitz-John Porter and 
Fnmklin were opposite New-Bridge, several miles 
further up, and had not crossed. This being our 
situation on the thirty-first of May, 1862. Along 
toward the middle of the day the enemy, pre- 
ceded by a column of thirty thousand of the best 
troops, with the dashing corps of Q. W. Smith 
and Longstreet at its head, c(Hnmenced a furious 
aasault upon Uie most salient point of our whole 
line, namely, the redoubt and intrenched camp 
of Casey's division. It was, perhaps, the most 
perfect surprise which ever happened on the con- 
tinmt, and the column moving forward without 
warning, brushed away the division of Casey like 
ehafl^ without waidi^ even to throw out skir- 
mishers in front and on the flanks of the column. 
I don't care to know anything of this most dis- 
graceful rout Suffice it to say, they not only 
ran then, but have not since been heard from, but 
have abandoned their whole camp, wagons, teams, 
and seven pieces of artillery. The division of 
Coach, in the mean tame, formed at this station in 
order of battle, and had hardly done so when 
the head of their column appeiu^ in his front 
alsa That division stood upmost manfully to 
their work. In the mean time a despatch from 
Gen. McClellan, at New-Bridge, glanced on the 
vires, ordering up Sumner's corps in ui^gent 
haste. Sedgwick took the advance, and crossing 
the river, came into action. One hour and a half 
before sunset, just as Couch's division were hav- 
ing their left turned, the enemy penetrated be- 
tween him and the corps of Ueintzehnan, two 
niiles from him on the railroad. Half an hour 
more would have cut our column into two, which 
would have insured the total defeat of our army. 
The danger was imminent, and the division of 
Sedgwici^ advandng at quick time, came up at 
this cnttod period, and formed in line of battle in 



the ec^e of the wood at the skirt of the large open 
field at this point, commencing a fire of canister* 
shot upon the head of the column from his twen< 
ty-four pieces, which staggered it, and the divi- 
sion then moving down in line of battle, com- 
pletely swept the field, recovering thus much of 
our lost ground. It was now night My divi- 
sion came up on the left of Sedgwick, connecting 
with Birney's brigade, of Heintzehnan's corps, on 
my left. Thus our line was made secure for the 
night 

Sunday, June first The army had lain on 
their arms all night in our front, the Fifth Texas, 
Second Mississippi, and Second Texas regiments 
bivouacking within half-musket shot of my front 
and picket, within speaking distance. Every one 
knew that the struggle would recommence in the 
morning, and our whole line '* stood to arms." At 
three o'clock in the mon^ing, before light, the en- 
emy drew in all his pickets. The line of railroad 
is bordered by woods on both sides, except a few 
open spaces. There was a large field three 
fourths of a mile in extent on my right front, and 
at that point I posted a battery of ten-pound Par- 
rott rifle-guns, directed by Capt Hazard, Fourth 
artillery. I also posted the brigade of General 
French and one regiment of Howard's brigade in 
my front line. The remaining three regiments 
of Howard's brigade formed a second line, and 
Qen. Meagher's brigade, with remaining eighteea 
pieces of artillery, in third line. The early part 
of the morning passed away; the enemy made 
his first appearance on the other side of the large 
field, his ^rmishera forming in line across it and 
advancing. A large body of cavalry was also seen 
in the woods on the other side, dniwn up in col- 
umn, as if to head a mass of infantry in column 
of attack for the assault. This soon drew the fire 
of our Parrott guns. The line of skirmishers fell 
back before it ; the cavalry broke, and this, which 
no doubt was intended as the real attack, failed 
at once, and the head of the column turned down 
the railroad toward my lefl;. My division, occu* 
pying the centre of our vi^le line of battle, now 
appeared to be the object of attack, to follow the 
fhvorite plan of yesterday. It was now half-post 
six o'clock in the morning. All at once ^e ene- 
my came upon us in full force on the railroad, 
which, on my left flank, was crossed by two 
oommon wood roads, along which they pushed 
columns of attack in mass, supported on both 
flanks by battalions of infantry deployed in line 
of battle. 

Oenerals French and Howard now opened upon 
them a steady and well-directed fire from their 
brigades, withm half-musket shot I immediately 
communicated with those officers my willing in- 
tention to furnish them reinforcements as soon 
as needed. After a close fire of musketry of an 
hour and a hal( without any regiment giving 
ground on our part, the head of Uie enemy^ col- 
umn broke their line of battle, wavered, and the 
rout became general for the time. I had thrown 
in, in the mean time, the two reserve regiments of 
Howard, to replace those regiments of tho front 



88 



REBEIXION BXO(mD, 1868. 



line who had expended all their cartridges, the 
relieved regiments coming out and filling their 
boxes again. Sixty rounds had now been fired 
per man, and the battle was supposed to be end- 
ed. Hardly was this effected, however, when the 
enemy's column, being reinforced by the reserve, 
gave a general shout, and again advanced to the 
attack. This time I threw into action in support 
the Irish regifnents of Gen. Meagher's brigade, 
reserving some of the first, which had been much 
shattered in the early part of the conflict, and our 
steady fire was continued about one hour more, 
until the enemy ^in fell back. 

Their retreat this time was more precipitate 
than before, and three of the Parrott guns, which 
I had just placed in a new position, now opened 
their fire and did what they could to hurry up the 
retreat The enemy did not see fit to renew the 
attack, and from the ac(X)unt given by prisoners 
and deserters, they must have been badly beaten. 
Generals Howard and French could not have been 
excelled in their dispositions of the difierent 
forces under their command, the direction of their 
fire, and in the moral effect they produced upon 
their men, and resolute demeanor m cheering and 
urging them on. The former lost his arm, had 
two of his staff wounded, and the latter his Adju- 
tant-General wounded. The staff of all the gene- 
ral oflBcers behaved well, but I would particularly 
mention the conduct and coolness of Capt Fiske, 
Lieut Plumer, and Lieut French, of General 
French's staff; also of Capt Sewall, Lieuts. How- 
ard, Scott, and Milles, of General Howard's staff 
Capts. Hazard and Pettit, of the artillery, also de- 
serve particular mention for the commendable 
manner in which they served the artillery. Of 
my own stafl^ I would also speak in the highest 
terms, both for coolness under fire and for prompt- 
ttude and conciseness in delivering my oxilers on 
the field. My AdJutant*General, Capt Nowell, 
my two aids, Lieuts. Draper and Hurlbut, Capt 
McMahon and Lieut Miller, volunteer aids, and 
Capt Fuller, Division Commissary, who volun- 
ti&&red his services on this occasion, all did able 
and efficient service. 

For myself I claim no other consideration than 
that of throwing in the reserve regiments at the 
right time and in the proper place. My force 
brought into action amounted to seven thousand 
men. I lost nine hunihred killed and wounded. 
The enemy had fifty thousand. . Every mounted 
officer in the division who took his horse into the 
woods had him shot under him. A singular cir- 
cumstance occurred in this battle which deserves 
particular mention. The first r^ment of the 
enemy which came into action wore blue clothes 
like our men, and as they came into action oppo- 
site the Eighty-first Pennsylvania regiment, Col. 
Miller, they said : ** Do not fire ; we are Owen's 
men." Owen's r^ment is one of Bimey's bri- 
gade on my left. Col. Miller had his regiment at 
an aim, and now recovered arms. The enemy 
instantly poured in a deadly volley, by which 
Miller was killed. The left wing of the Eighty- 
first poured in their fire, by which that regiment 
fell in piles. The Colonel, Lieutenant-Colonel, 



Major, and Adjutant all fell ; the balance of the 
regiment fell and broke. Yours truly, 

L B. RlCBARDSOV, 
Bf1g.-0«nenl OommainHng IMilkoa. 



OENIRAL MoCLKLLAK TO HIS ARlfT. 

lfaCLnxAx*B HiADQUAsmu 
Tuesd^jr Xrenlag, Jane 



1861 f 

The following address was read to the army 

this evening at dress-parade, and was received 

with an outburst of vociferous cheering firom 

every regiment: 

HMAOQCABnu Aurr or rai Varoujic, ) 
Oamp keam NiW'Bbixnii, Va., Jane 3, 1803. f 

Soldiers of the Army of the Potomac 1 I have 
fulfilled at least a paj*t of my promise to you. 
Tou are now face to face with the rebels, who 
are held at bay in front of their capitaL The 
final and decisive battle is at hand. Unless you 
belie your past history, the result cannot be for a 
moment doabtfuL If the troops who labored so 
faithfully and fought so gallantly at Yorktown, 
and who so bravely won the hard fights at Wil- 
liamsbui^h, West-Point, Hanover Court-House, 
and Fair Oaks, now prove themselves worthy of 
their antecedents, the victory is surely ours. 

The events of every day prove your superior- 
ity. Wherever you have met the enemy you 
have beaten him. Wherever you have used the 
bayonet he has given way in panic and disorder. 
I ask of you now one last crowning effort The 
enemy has staked his all on the issue of the com- 
ing battle. Let us meet him, crush him here, in 
the very centre of the rebellion. 

Soldiers I I will be with you in this battle, and 
share its dangers with you. Our confidence in 
each other is now founded upon the past hot 
us strike the blow which is to restore peace and 
union to this distracted land. Upon your valor, 
discipline, and mutual confidence the result de- 
pends. Gborob B. McClellan, 

If i^or-Oeneral OommaBdlng. 

LRTKR FROM OENIRAL GORMAN. 

HBADQCAvma OoBMAX*B BimAni, I 

Tasm Oakb, wum Ricbkovd, Va., Jane 18, ISO. f 

ffi$ Excellent E, D. Morgan: 

Sir : Now that an opportunity otters, I cannot 
suffer it to pass without testifying to the brilliant 
conduct of your two regiments under my com- 
mand, Thirty-fourth and Eighty-second N. Y. S. V., 
in the late terrible contest at this point on 
May thirty-first and June first Their coolness 
and st«idiness under a heavy and wasting fire, 
were unsurpassed by any regiments in the world ; 
and it was their enviable fortune to make as gal- 
lant and victorious a chaise with the bayonet as 
the annals of any State will ever bear witness to. 

It was made, too, not upon a weak and waver- 
ing foe, but upon the unbroken lines of the flower 
of the rebel army. New- York, and you, sir, her 
honored Executive, may well feel proud of such 
men. Official reports, soon, will do them ^oater 
honor than my limits will permit I ask, in oon> 
eluding, a prominent place in the history of th« 



DOCDlfBNTa 



M 



Empire State for them as actx>T8 in one of the 
most brilliant achievements of the war. 
I am jour Excellency's obedient servant, 
W. A. Gorman, 

Brig,m«n. Commindlng. 

GDfCINNAn "OOVIIKRCIAL" NARBATIYB. 

Battu-Gbovxp or fin Oiu BrAnov, ) 
Hsxtioo GotnsTT, Ta. f 

My last communication recorded the prevalence 
of a terrific thunder-storm. Nature's artillery 
rolled an^ clashed magnificently, as if in stately 
mockery of the puny efibrts of martial man. 
There was a tropical grandeur and sublimity in 
the storm, seldom, if ever, paralleled in our 
equable northern climes. Such floods of rain, as 
if aerial freshets had burst their confines, and 
were spirting in broad jets upon us ; such fiery, 
Tivid blinding sheets of lightning, which threat- 
»ed to consume the swimming earth ; such aw- 
fiil peals upon peals of thunder, as if the sky was 
riTJDg from horizon to zenith. Little did we 
think that storm was working a cherished oppor- 
tanitj for our desperate enemy. But now we 
mast admire that shrewd sagacity which cost us 
both 80 dearly. Little did we think that splen- 
£d storm would cause so much blood and so 
many tears to flow. 

Saturday morning, May thirty-first, the storm 
bad subsided, but a lowering canopy darkened 
the dreary landscape. Our camps had been 
satorated, and the troops had passed a. restless, 
disagreeable night They were as gloomy as the 
aspect of nature. The roads, flooded by rain, 
were reduced to an almost impassable condition. 
The officers were lounging in their marquees, dis- 
gusted with the prospect of further necessary de- 
lay to engage the enemy, and moodily resigned 
themseWes to the miseries of the hour. Mean- 
time the Chickahominy had' swollen to its brim, 
and was encroaching upon the swamps. 

At about one o* clock p.x., the sun burst 
through the clouds, and we were enjoying the 
shade of our pleasant orchard camp, when our 
attention was suddenly arreifted by volleys of 
masketnr apparently not over three miles in 
front. It increased in rapidity and volume and 
seemed approaching. Soon the conviction flashed 
Qpon us that the enemy were attempting to turn 
our left flank. Soon an aid de-camp, plunging 
furiously fix>m headquarters, ordered out the 
Second corps. At three, Sedgwick^s division was 
m the road, moving eagerly but heavily to the 
field of battle. Above our camp the old " Qrape 
Tine" road, which had gone into disuse these 
many yean^ had been reopened, and tlie First 
Minnesota had thrown a corduroy bridge, several 
thousand feet long, across the Chickahominy and 
the deep morasses which hemmed its brink on 
either side. On our side the swamp was several 
hundred yards wide, but the track to the bridge 
traversed a marshy grain-field, and on the rebel 
ade the morass was nearly a mile in extent. 
Not half of it had been repaired, and it was 
^tally necessary to adhere to the old single 
track. After vast toil our artillery was dragged 



CO the river. As we stepped upon the rude 
bridge we comprehended the danger of the fresh- 
et The design of the enemy was obvious. He 
taken advantage of the wretched roads and the 
flood to turn our left flank, and destroy, if possi- 
ble, the corps which had passed the river at Bot- 
tom's Bridge, and was posted at Fair Oaks and 
Seven Pines — some six or seven miles in front of 
the samcL doubtless presuming that it would be 
impossible to reinforce from the east side of the 
river, or at all events that we could not move ar- 
tillery. Such subsequently proved to be the fact 
But the enemy did not suspect the existence of 
our •* grape-vine" bridge. But to enable you to 
comprehend fully the operations of the contend- 
ing forces, a geographic^ sketch of the field, with 
such topographical features as are vital to the 
picture, will be necessary. 

The Chickahominy, tracing through heavy for- 
ests and swamps east of Richmond from a north- 
westerly to a south-easterly direction, formed the 
respective fronts of the two armies — the rebels 
occupying the western, our army the eastern 
banks. The line occupied by us was nearly a 
right line fh)m north-west to south-east, though 
curving a little northerly. Our forces were stretdi- 
ed fl*om a short distance above New-Bridge, where 
our right rested, to Bottom*s Bridge, which conr 
stituted our left The line was, perhaps, ten 
miles long. Our centre was near Goodly Holo 
Swamp, about equi-distant from the extremes. 
But our left was finally thrown forward to a point 
within six miles of Richmond, a mile in front of 
a point locally desi^ated the '* Seven Pipes," 
where Casey's division was posted in an op^ 
swampy field, behind a single line of infantry 
epaulements ; in front there was a heavy forest and 
a screen of dense undergrowth. Gen. Couch's 
division was encamped in his rear, his right rest- 
ing in firont of Faur Oaks station, about six miles 
due east of Richmond. Gen. Keyes commanded 
both divisions; and Gen.- Heintaelman's corps 
was in the rear, within supporting distance, feel- 
ing out toward the left The Pamunkey River 
to White House Point, and the York River Rail- 
road to Fair Oaks, constituted our base. 

You will readily perceive the merits of the 
rebel design. By suddenly hurling upon our 
weak and exposed left overwhelming masses of 
their best troops it was apparently quite easy to 
crush it before assistance could be thrown over 
the river. If crowned with success, the relative 
attitudes of the armies would be reversed. The 
enemy would have become the assailing party, 
our whole army would be put upon the defensive, 
and perhaps would be obliged to sacrifice its en- 
tire equipment and retreat precipitately. Gen. 
McClellan remarked: ** It is the only smart thing 
that Joe Johnston has yet attempted. It was 
very smart'* You will oJi>8erve moreover, that 
our right flank was utterly unable to assist the 
left, the overflowed swainps of the Chickahominy 
holding it &st in its position. 

The enemy moved fix>m Janaes River, near the 
lower suburbs of Richmond, in five divisions — 
say forty thousand men at least— with powerful 



90 



REBELLION BBCOBD, 1868. 



reserves in front of and to the right of Fair Oaks, 
to attack Casey. The latter was encamped on 
marshy soil, difficult under fikvorahle conditions 
for the manoBUTring of artillery, but, since the 
rain, so rotten and treacherous that it would have 
been almost impossible for him to extricate his 
pieces, had there been no flushed enemy pushing 
upon him. It is uniformly stated that he had 
posted but one line of pickets, without the cus- 
tomary supports. I cannot ascertain definitely 
if that was true. Between twelve and one o^clock, 
the pickets were driven in quietly, but the camp 
failed to take the alarm, and the enemy rushed 
in upon the heels of the guard. Casey's troops, 
taken completely by surprise, were thrown into 
utter confusion. Both he and his field staff ex- 
erted themselves bravely to form a line of resist- 
ance, but in vain. A few men would rally to a 
centre, but terrified at the furious yells and ter- 
rific volleys of the swiftly advancing enemy, they 
would break as soon as formed, and fly frantically 
over the field. The whole division were soon 
flying before the remorseless enemy like fiight- 
ened sheep. Scores of them were slaughtmd 
and captured. Some dashed into the forests, in- 
stinctively seeking cover. The scene beggared 
description, and there was no hope that the 
shameful tide would be staid. Many were struck 
down by bullets, others, exhausted by sinking 
into the swamps or stupefied by terror, fell an 
easy prey to their eager pursuers. It was a piti- 
ful spectacle. But there is palliation for meir 
shameful conduct They were the greenest 
troops in the army, commanded by a superannu- 
ated general, and too many of their field and line- 
officers exhibited gross cowardice. 

The enemy now had full possession of Casey's 
camp and was pushing forward rapidly, suppos- 
ing the main object had been accomplished. The 
tumult had aroused Couch's division, and he was 
prepared for resistance, but the fugitives, seeking 
refuge fix>m destruction, broke through his lines 
and shook them severely. But the inspiring 
efforts of Keyes, Couch, Peck and Devens, restor- 
ed their confidence, and they waited the shock 
firmly. It came soon and vehemently, and raged 
along the whole line, but fiercest in fh>nt of Fair 
Oaks, where Abercrombie with five regiments — 
composing Graham's old brigade — was posted 
with order to hold the position at all hazard. 
The enemy evidently aimed to get possession of 
the railroad and Bottom's Bridge, which they sup- 
posed were our only lines of retreat Abercrom- 
Die made a gallant stand, and the remainder of 
Couch's force held the enemy in check, although 
compelled to recede slowly and take up new lines 
of defence. The enemy fought his troops with 
surprising rapidity, and constantly hurried in 
reinforcements. The slaughter on both sides 
was heavy. On our side the gallant Gen. Devens, 
who so distinguished himself at the Ball's Bluff 
blunder, fell desperately wounded while urging 
his hard-pushed lines to stand fast ; Col. Rippey, 
Lieut -Col. Spear, and Major Smith, all of the 
Sixty-first Pennsylvania, were struck dwid, and 
twenty-seven line-officers of the same regiment^ 



were killed or wounded, leaving tlie ranks disor- 
ganized and in confusion, and every other regim^t 
in action was being terribly cut up. On the right 
the gallant John Cochrane and Neill were hold- 
ing dieir brave regiments sternly to their work, 
but still they were compelled to yield their 
ground foot by foot, and they were weU-nigh des- 
perate. 

Meantime, Heintzelman had sent forward Kear- 
ney to recover Casey's lost ground, and a despe- 
rate fight was going on at the extreme left The 
enemy had been successfully held iy front of 
Couch's old entrenched camp until Kearney's di- 
vision arrived, when he staid the torrent of bat- 
tle. One after another his gallant regiments 
pushed forward, and pressed back the fiery rebels 
with more daring than their own. Here the Fifty- 
fifth New-York won new laurels, and Poe's Sec- 
ond Michigan was bathed in blood. Five hundred 
of Uiem charged across the open field against ten 
times their numb^, and stopped them in mid- 
career, losing seventeen brave fellows in that one 
desperate essay. At six o'clock, Heintzelman 
telegraphed Gen. McClellan that '' the left is hold- 
ing its own, and Bimey is advancing up the rail- 
road." 

Sedgwick's and Richardson's divisions had 
crossed the river, the men plunging through mud 
to their knees, Sumner cheering them onward by 
words of encouragement But unfortunately, the 
single passage of the swamps was blockaded by 
apparently immovable masses of artillery. Our 
second bridge had been swept away. It was next 
to desperation itself to drag heavv field-pieces 
through those wretched deeps, xet the men 
work^like heroes, until it was apparent that the 
infiuitry must move up, and leave the artillery to 
the slender chances of extrication after the enemy 
had been repelled. Lieut. Kirby, commanding 
company I, First United States artillery, deter- 
mined not to Jose his chances of battle, made a 
final desperate effort, and by literally carrying 
his guns to fhrmer ground, succeeded at last in 
getting across ; and an hour later, he was dealing 
destruction upon the foe. His was a gallant e£ 
fort worthy of all praise. The column now swept 
swiftly forward, the men exhibiting splendid spirit 
— an earnest of the laurels they were so soon to 
gather. They moved from the swamp to high 
blufis in fi*ont, and wheeled to the right a mile 
or two, striking an elevated field in fit>nt of 
Fair Oaks, where Abercrombie was in extremity. 
They got there in the nick of time. He was id- 
most enveloped by an overwhelming force. 

At about six o*clock, the head of Sedgwick's 
column — Gorman's brigade-^deployed into line of 
battle in the rear of Fair Oaks, upon the crest of 
a hill which was in the centre of an open field, 
a farm-house (Adamses) bisecting his line, which 
stretched from the north-west on a line which, 
if prolonged in a south-easterly direction, would 
have cut the railroad at an acute angle on his left 
The hill sloped gently toward the station. CoL 
Sully's First Minnesota and the Second New- 
York, Lieut -Colonel Hudson, composed the right 
wing on one side of the house, the Thirty-fourth 



DOCUMENTa 



01 



NevTork, CoL Senter, constituting the left ; the 
FifteeDth llAsaachusetts, Lieut -Colonel Kimball 
coinmaoding, supporting Eirby*8 battery, which 
¥ia posted at the right of the line, and trained at 
' a point of woods a little to the left of the rail- 
way station, this being the field to which the en- 
emy had drtTen Gen. Abercrombie. Two of hi^ 
regiments were still stubbornly contesting the 
fidd. CoL Cochrane*s First United States Chas- 
seurs, (New-York,) and Col. NeilFs Pennsylvania 
regimeots, and a PennsyWania battery were in 
line oi battle at Gorman's right, forming an ob- 
tuse angle projecting toward the battery, and 
ftdng in a north-westerly direction. Gen. B&ms 
fonn»l his brigade in line of battalions in mass, 
fonsing the second line in support of Gorman. 
But one of the regiments had not formed, when 
the enemy opened a furious enfilading fire of 
masketry on our right, in a direction from which 
fire was not expected, indicating an efibrt to turn 
our right flank. 

Gen. Sedgwick immediately directed General 
Boms to deploy to the right, perpendicular to 
the h'ne of battle, with the Sixty-ninth and Sev- 
enty-second Pennsylvania, to protect our flank 
and prevent the enemy firom getting into our rear, 
while the Seventy-first and One Hundred and 
Sixth Pennsylvania were held by Sedgwick in 
SQpport of Gorman. The moment, however, was 
most critical. The fury of the attack, the dan- 
geroos proximity of the enemy, his great force 
and perfect knowledge of the ground, startled our 
gallant fellows. Gen. Sumner and his staff were 
directly in firont of the battery, looking for the 
enemy, rather to the left, when the balls flew 
aroond them like haiL Several of their horses 
and two or three battery-teams stampeded, and 
for a moment the line of battle seemed to waver. 
At that instant, Gen. Bums, with quick judg- 
nient comprehending the critical situation, shout- 
ted in a cool, determined tone: "Steady, men, 
steady !** It operated like ma^a The Zouaves 
burst into a k>ud, long series of hearty yells, 
which possibly were heard at Richmond. One 
after another the regiments were infected with 
enthusiasm, and before there was time to think 
of danger again, Gorman's gallant line had dress- 
ed up compactly, and were delivering rapid and 
aurderous disdiarges at the approaching foe. 
The enemy advanced firmly, and were charging 
upon Kirbjr's battery, when he poured into them 
a fearful discharge of canister. Unable to sup- 
port such a fire, the enemy gave way and retired 
Pred{Htately to cover. Ftisoners captured dur- 
mg the fig^t assert that Jeff. Davis was in the 
rear, urging his myrmidons forward; and Ma- 
gnider, who was with him, swore a fearful oath, 
I* That's my old battery, and Fm going to have 
it," alluding to Kirby's, which he, Magruder, 
iormerly commanded. 

Meantime part of Dana's brigade had come up. 
His Nineteenth Massachusetts and Forty-second 
New-York had been detached for picket duty 
iod artillery guards. His Seventh Michigan and 
Twentieth MassachiLsetts deployed into line on 
C^eruian*8 lefl^ and the lino of battle commenced 



moving to the right, delivering terrific volleys at 
the enemy, who were sweeping in force to their 
led. Again and itfain they pushed forward. 
Masses of them gaUiered in the forest, attempt- 
ing to dash at the battery, but were as often 
swept back by murderous hurricanes of lead and 
canister. The battle raged for two hours with 
unremitting fury. The rebels found it impossible 
to break our inflexible lines, and we found it dif- 
ficult to shake him off. Dana^s wing was finally 
swung round almost on the hypothjBnuse of an 
angle to the original line of battle, his gallant 
Michiganders and Bay-State lads sweeping the 
perimeter of the circle they were describing, with 
irresistible fury. Gorman's line had extended 
itself on the right, until his left rested in front 
and in advance of the first position of his right^ 
his line being swung round at right angles with 
the crest of t£e hill, and Burns*s two regiipents, 
executing the order of Sedgwick, found themselves 
lapping over Gorman's extreme right; the ene- 
my was fighting perpendicular to our old front 

The officers were all in their places, animating 
and encouraging the men by their example, and 
the men moving unflinchingly towards their foe. 
Dana, on the lefi:, narrowly escaped death. His 
dashing gray received a bidlet in his crest, which 
he cast off with a snort of despair. The next in- 
stant three balls struck him in the body. Rear- 
ing and plunging with convulsive agony, he dis- 
mounted his rider, fled frantically up the field, 
and fell dead in front of Kirby's battery. Gor- 
man was moving up and down his glorious line, 
exhibitine fiery enthusiasm, and enj03ring the 
proudest nours of his life. The men were deliv- 
ering their fire with admirable coolness and regu- 
larity, and with a quick, nervous enei^, which 
indicated their determination to decide the con- 
flict The enemy, too, fought rapidly and well. 
Sedgwick Was gallantly moving to the right and 
left, reckless of personal hazard ; and Bums held 
his forces firmly in hand on the right, waiting the 
decisive moment The sun had set grimly, fling- 
ing his last rays feebly through the thick smoke 
which hovered over field and forest Darkness 
had enveloped the fearfhl spectacle, only to add 
gloom to its horrors. The enemy still clung in 
masses to the thick woods, now and then dashing 
out at the battery, only to be driven back with 
cruel punishment Thousands of muskets in 
streaming volleys, with the sonorous roar of can- 
non and the hoarse screams of the combatants 
created an uproar as if fiends had been unleashed 
to prey upon each other. Storms of bullets and 
canister tore wide passages through the trees 
and mangled the bodies of men. Baleful fires 
gleamed among the foliage, as if myriads of huge 
fire-flies were flitting among the boughs, and there 
was a fringe of flame blazing on the skirts of the 
thickets, while outside, another and a fiercer 
flame girdling the centre, seemed burning into 
the hedge which screened our enemy. It was 
past eight o'clock before the carnage ceased, 
knowing that the foe was in superior force, and 
menacing our flank, we were compelled to meet 
his point of attack without attempting to envelop 



99 



BEBELLIOX SECOBD, 1868. 



him with our wings, hut finding our steady lines 
invulnerahle, and having suffered wretchedly, he 
finally fell hack, and by half-past eight o'clock, he 
was driven clear hack to his own defensive line. 

It was a furious fight Save Donelson and 
Shiloh, there has been no such battle on this 
continent It begun in disgrace, with every ad- 
vantage of numbers and conditions favoring the 
enemy. It ended that day with a severe repulse 
to him. But he was consoled for his disappoint- 
ment and serious casualties, by the spoUs of 
Casey's and Couch's camps. From the former 
he took six pieces of artillery — his ammunition, 
camp equipage, many standfljds — in fiict, all his 
army furniture ; and from Couch he took one gun 
and his camp equipage. On Sunday morning, 
the cannon and flags were triumphantly paraded 
through the streets of Richmond. Our loss of 
men was very heavy, but the casualties of the 
enemy were equally large. But it is impossible 
to ascertain the loss of either side until the official 
reports are made. One thousand will fully cover 
the loss of Sedgwick's division, of whom nine 
tenths were wounded. Bums's brigade, which 
was held as the first hne of supports, lost five 
killed and twenty-eight wounded. Capt. Achuff, 
of the One Hundredth and Sixth Pennsylvania, 
Capt Markoe, First California, Lieut Camblos, 
and Gen. Bums, and Lieut Donelson, of the First 
California, were the only officers wounded. 

The splendid conduct of the division elicits the 
plaudits of the army. General Sumner held his 
troops well in hand ; Sedgwick exhibited perfect 
coolness and courage; Gorman was as enthusi- 
astic as a boy, and firm as a rock ; Bums's quick 
judgment and admirable conduct at the most 
critical moment of action, undoubtedly had an 
inspiring influence, and it was acknowledged with 
frenzied acclamations by the stout regiments 
wherever he exhibited himself. No more could 
have been asked by Dana. He proved himself a 
fearless soldier. Capt Sedgwick, Assistant Ad- 
jutant-General to General Sedgwick, and Lieut 
Howe, his aid-de-camp; Captain G. A. Hicks, 
A.A.G. to General Bums, and Lieuts. Blakenev 
and Camblos, and in fact, all the officers engaged, 
both field and staf^ behaved themselves most 
gallantly. Lieut Camblos, one of my messmates, 
received a severe scalp-wound, but will soon be 
able to resume duty. He said that when he was 
stmck he thought he had mn against a tree. 
Well he might Col. John Cochrane, CoL Ncill, 
CoL Sully, Col. Suiter, and indeed nearly every 
field-officer in all the divisions engaged, excepting 
Casey's, showed themselves go^ soldiers and 
brave officers. 

During the night all our artillery got through 
the swamps and was properly posted. The 
troops were disposed in three lines, as usual, to 
renew the engagement^ it being morally certain 
the enemy would make another effort to drive us 
over the Chickahominy. A rebel surgeon who 
was captured, stated that that was surely the 
object of the enemy. During the night, a courier 
'^om Roger A. Pryor to Gen. Anderson, was cap- 
^d by Richardson's pickets, with a note in- 



forming Anderson that Pryor's brigade was in 
line of battle on his right We looked for an 
attack at daybreak, but the pickets were not 
driven in until six o'clock. The enemy menaced 
Richardson's division, which was behind the rail- 
road, to the left of Fair Oaks. They appeared in 
the forest directly in front, where they halted 
and taunted our line to advance. Gen. French, 
whose brigade was in fix)nt, declined the invita- 
tion, and the rebels rushed forward. A furious 
battle opened instantly. The enemy fought 
rapidly from the start, but adopted tactics which 
French construed into a feint to draw him on. 
They suspended fire at intervals, as if they were 
driven back, and then sent in new forces. In 
fact, their capacity for reinforcing, as on Satur- 
day, seemed inexhaustible. Bom sides fought 
with determined bravery, and both stood upon 
their own chosen positions. Between eight and 
nine o'clock. Gen. Richardson ordered Howard's 
brigade to the fix)nt The volume of fire in- 
creased on both sides, the enemy having also re- 
enforced. Our batteries, meantime, were shelling 
the forests vigorously, which evidently discon- 
certed the enemy. Howard now ordered CoL E. 
E. Cross, of the Fifth New-Hampshire, to charge 
bayonets, the enemy having appeared in a skirt 
of woods within one hundred yards, with evident 
design to charge. 

Cross (many of you know him) sung out: 
"Charge them like h — 1, boys; show 'em you 
are d-d Yankees." The gallant Fifth responded 
with a yell, dashed forward impetuously, and 
scattered the enemy like chaff Brave Howard, 
who cheered his reliable fellows in the thickest 
of the fray, was now disabled and carried to the 
rear. His aid-de-camp and brother, Lieut How- 
ard, also fell wounded. Colonel Cross took com- 
mand, the enemy having begun to &11 back. 
Col. Miller of the Eighty-first Pennsylvania, and 
Lieut-Col. Massett^ of the Sixfy-first New-York, 
were killed outright Soon the ctoemy recovered 
and made another fierce dash. Cross ordered 
the gallant Fifth New-Hampshire to charge again, 
and led them in person. A fragment of a shell 
fractured his forehead, a glancing blow, abrading 
the skin and stunning him. But recovering in- 
stantly he again pushed on, when he was ham- 
strung by a musket-balL Finding it impossible 
to rise, he shouted to the lads to go on, and was 
carried to the rear ; but he had the satisfaction 
to hear the shout of triumph before he left 
Major W. W. Cook, of the same regiment, was 
also disabled by a similar wound. 

Col. Parker now took conunand of the brigade, 
and fought it until the enemy were completely 
repulsed. The flght was ended. The enemy . 
appeared no more that day. Their pickets did 
not even venture within view of our outpost 
line. 

In this battle, as on Saturday, the effort of the 
enemy was directed to our left His second at- 
tempt being so handsomely foiled, he evidently 
gave it up disheartened and disgusted. The 
second fight was severe on both sides, but the 
enemy was most terribly cut up. But upon both 



DOCUMENIB. 



M 



fields of battle their dead was literallT piled up 
in bonid masses, while their wounded, moaning 
vith agonj, were scattered through the forests in 
ererj direction. But our own casualty list is 
formidable. 

Oar friend, Col. £. K Cross, well known in the 
West a few years ago as editor, correspondent, 
etc., and later as an emigrant to Arizona, where 
he was a conspicuous citizen, raged like a lion 
through battle, and they say that when his long 
bod^ fell he went down like a pine tree. Find- 
ii^it impossible to stand, he shouted : ** Charge 
'em like h — 1, boys ; show *em that you are Yan- 
kees ; d— d sorry to say I caan*t go with you," 
Prerious to the