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Full text of "Recipes for flint glass making : being leaves from the mixing book of several experts in the flint glass trade ..."

FRANKLIN INSTITUTE LIBRARY 

PHILADELPHIA, PA. 



r 



Recipes 

for 

Flint Glass Making 

By a 

British Glass Master and Mixer 



Being Leaves from the Mixkng Book of Several 

Experts in the Flint Glass Trade 

Containing up-to-date Recipes and Valuable Information 

AS to Crystal, Demi-crystal and Coloured Glass 

IN ITS Many Varieties 

It Contains the Recipes for Cheap Metal suited to Pressing, 

Blowing, etc., as well as the most costly Crystal and Ruby 

British Manufacturers have kept up the Quality of this 

Glass from the Arrival of the Venetians to Hungry 

Hill, Stourbridge, up to the Present Time 

The Book also contains Remarks as to the Result of the Metal 

as it left the Pots by the respective metal mixers, taken 

FROM their own MEMORANDA UPON THE ORIGINALS 

SECOND EDITION 



LONDON 

SCOTT, GREENWOOD & SON 

"THE POTTERY GAZETTE" OFFICES 
. 8'.pR0A.pWAV,;LUt)GArie. HlivL, ^.C. 

CANADA: THE COPP CLARK CO. LTD., TORONTO 
• llffillTED STATF.3 ■ D, VAN NOSTRANi' CO., NKW YOHK 

1907 

[Ali rights remtt:n ivith Scort, 'l^ee-rxood b' Son\ 



First Edition, July, 1900. 
Reprinted, April, 1907. 



CONTENTS. 



Notes by the Compiler ......... iii 

Ruby Glass Recipes 1-5 

German Metal Recipe 6 

Cornelian Recipes .......... 7 

Sapphire Blue Recipes 8 

Crysophis Recipes 9 

Opal Recipes 10-13 

Turquoise Blue Recipes . . 14, 15 

Gold Colour Recipes 16 

Green Recipes ........... 17 

Malachite Recipes 18 

Black Recipe 19 

•Canary Recipes 19 

White Opaque Glass Recipes 20 

rSealing Wax Red Recipes 21 

Flint Glass Recipes 22-25 

Achromatic Glass Recipe 26 

Paste Glass Recipe 26 

"White Enamel Recipe 27 

Firestone Recipe .......... 27 

Dead White Recipe 28 

Agate Recipes ./ ■, '.,;>■.• > i.^. ' tt.^ ..i...'' ^i . «^' ' I '■c ^^ • ^^ 

Canary Recipes.' ' . .'.' [ '1 I';.'.' M [ .' . . ;' ;. i'^'i V- '^ • ^^ 
Index. . . . . . . . . . . ."^ . 30 



Ill 



NOTES BY THE COMPILER. 

Repeats are given of more than one recipe, so that the mixer may 
acquaint himself how to use up his cullet or to vary his mixture to 
suit his requirements. 

The cost given of the cheap metal is based on the cost of materials 
some year or two ago, but it is approximately correct at th- present 
time. 

The sand used in most of the recipes is French (Fcntenbleu), 
except in some old forms, when it was Isle of U'ight ; and the s da 
supplied by a Northwich firm. 

Colouring should generally be about half put into the batch and 
the other half reserved until the long proof has been taken off, when 
it can be added to or diminished to suit furnace or the weatlur. 

The sand in the crystal should be washed and calcined. In the 
commoner metal it is used as it arrives; still the quality is greatly 
improved by the first process. 

Many of the finest colours containing cryolite should be worked 
immediately it is plain. 

In using brass, it is necessary to insure correctness that it should 
always be the same. Brass differs in its composition. 

The greatest care should be taken in the purity of all material, 
and the greatest care should be taken that everything is clean and 
free from dust and dirt. 

In all these colourings allowance must be made throughout this 
book for the state of the furnace, weather, purity of sand and material, 
etc. 

July, 1900. 



18019 



RUBY. 

Cwt. qrs. lb. oz. 

French Sand (Fontenbleu) 2 2 20 

Red Lead - - - 2 2 20 

Saltpetre - - - 18 

Antimony - - - 9 

Manganese - - - 2 
Gold in Solution, " Purple 

Precipitate of Cassius " 1^ 

Nitric Acid - - - 1 

Muriatic Acid- - - 4 

" Mix and then add the gold ; when fine, work into lumps. 
There used to be much difficulty in preparing this purple pre- 
cipitate, but it is now an article of commerce. Mind it is 
pure." 



ANOTHER RUBY 



Sand 

Red Lead 

Saltpetre 

Manganese 

Antimony 

Gold (in Solution) 



32 lb. 



36 


)) 


16 


n 


If 


OZ 


2 


?> 


1 





ANOTHER RUBY. 



Saltpetre - 


- 9i lb. 


Sand - - - - 


- 18 „ 


Red Lead - 


- 23 „ 


Red Lump Gullet 


- 11 „ 


"Waste Last Pot" - 


- 6„ 


Manganese 


- 2i OZ. 


Antimony - - - 


- 1 „ 


Gold (Precipitated) - 


5 drams 



•♦ Very good pot as ever was made. Beautiful colour. 
Put colour in the middle of the pot." 



ANOTHER RUBY. 



Saltpetre 
Sand 
Red Lead 



Manganese 



Antimony 

Gold (Precipitated) 



161b. 


32 „ 


36 „ 


Ifoz 


2„ 


1„ 



"This mixture turned immediately it was put into the 
lear. Fill the pot for ruby a little at a time, and watch 
that it does not ferment. It does not require above twenty 
hours to fine ; and mind the pot does not get too hot. When 
it is worked into lumps, put it into the lear with some fine 
ashes. Keep it turned often, and when a dark ruby get it 
down the lear ; if it be not all dark, it will right itself in the 
plating. The metal from the pot should be a light straw 
colour." 



A RUBY FROM COPPER. 

Cwt, qrs. lb. 

Sand - - - - - 4 2 

Pearl Ashes - - - 1 24 

Red Lead - - - - 3 16 

Carbonate of Lime - - 25 
Phosphate of Lime - - 5 
Red Tartar (Crude Tartar) 5 
Borax - - - - 5 
Oxide of Tin - - - 3J 
Red Oxide of Copper - 2J 

"Give it all the air you can, compatible with getting it 
plain; too great heat is against it." 



FLINT FOR USING WITH THE RUBY FOR 
COATING (on pages 2 and 3). 

Sand 641b. 

Lead - - - - - 72 „ 

Saltpetre - - - - 32 ,, 

Manganese - - - - H oz. 

" Charge your pot with two-thirds and ' dragade ' it ; 
next morning charge again with the lest and the ladings, 
and add 4 oz. manganese a"d 8 oz. of antimony." 



A GERMAN METAL (Flint). 

Cwt. qrs. lb. 

French Sand - - - 10 

Refined Soda - - - 1 2 

Common Soda Ash - - 3 2 

Lime Spar - - - 1 

Fluor Spar - - - 2 

Nitrate of Soda - - 10 

" Sand unburnt and unwashed. This mixture is given 
to form th body of some of the following coloured metals, 
and is called ' German cullet or body '. These delicate 
colours require great care." 



CORNELIAN, OR ALABASTER. 

German Gullet (page 6) - - 35 lb. 

Black Ash - - - - 15 oz. 

Nitrate of Soda - - - 8 ,, 

Manganese - - - - 1 ,, 

" This way very good." 



ANOTHER CORNELIAN. 

Cwt. qrs. lb. oz. 

German Gullet (page 6) - 4 10 

Black Ash - - - 1 1 

Nitrate of Soda - - 7 

Manganese - - - 15 
" Very good." 



8 
SAPPHIRE BLUE. 

German Gullet (page (S) - - 14 lb. 
Black Ash - - - _ 5f 



'2 >» 



Nitrate of Soda - - - 31 
Gopper Scales - - - 2 oz. 

" Very good." 



ANOTHER SAPPHIRE BLUE. 



German Gullet (page 6) 


Cwt. qrs. lb. 

- 3 1 


^ BhTck Ash - 


- 11 


Nitrate of Soda - 


- 8 


Gopper Scales 


- 3i 


Blue Gullet - 


- 1 


" Filled an overtaker. \'ery good." 




ANOTHER SAPPHIRE BLUE. 


German Gullet (page 6) 


Cwt. qrs. lb. 

- 2 3 


Gullet - - - - 


- 1 2 


Nitrate of Soda - 


- 7 


Gopper Scales 


- 2i 


"Very good." 





9 






CRYSOPHIS. 








Lb. 


oz. drs. 


German Gullet (page 6) 


14 





Black Ash - - - - 





5J0 


Nitrate of Soda - 





3J0 


Uranium (Oxide) 





2 


Green Oxide of Chrome 





OJS 


Sulphide of Copper - 





3 


" Very good." 







ANOTHER CRYSOPHIS. 

Cwt. qrs. lb. oz. 

German Gullet (page 6) 2 2 

Grysophis Gullet - - 13 

Saltpetre - - - 11 
Oxide Uranium - - 2^ 

Sulphate of Gopper 10 

*' Very good." 



10 
OPAL. 



Sand 

Lead 

Ash 

Plaster of Paris 

Lime Spar 

Manganese 

Nitrate of Soda 

Arsenic - 



Cwt. 


qrs 


. lb. 


oz. 


2 














3 











2 





3 





2 














14 














3 








7 














8 



ANOTHER OPAL. 



Sand 

Lead 

Ash 

Fluor Spar 

Felspar - 

Saltpetre 

Manganese 

*' Very good." 



Cwt. 


qrs. lb. 


oz, 


2 


2 





1 


1 





1 


11 








1 24 








1 24 








12 











5 



11 



ANOTHER OPAL. 



Sand 

Lead 

Ash 

Saltpetre 

Calcined Bones 

Antimony 



100 1b. 
80 „ 
28 „ 
30 „ 
20 „ 
4 oz. 



ANOTHER OPAL. 






Sand 


Cwt. 

- 3 


qrs. lb. 

3 12 


oz. 




Cryolite - 


- 


3 16 





Lead - _ - 


- 


1 5 





Soda 


- 


3 16 





Nitrate of Soda 


- 


13 





Arsenic - - - 


- 


2 





Manganese 


- 





3 



BEST" OPAL. 



Sand 

Soda 

Felspar - 

Fluor Spar - 

Arsenic 

Cryolite 

Nitrate of Soda 



600 lb. 

240 „ 

225 „ 

225 „ 

6 ., 

5 ,. 

65 „ 



12 



ANOTHER OPAL. 



Sand 


Cwt 

- 1 


. qrs. lb. 

3 20 


oz. 




Cryolite - 


- 


1 22 





Asii 


- 


20 





Red Lead - 


- 


20 





Soda 


- 


1 22 





Nitrate of Soda - 


- 


8 





Arsenic - 


- 


1 





Manganese 


- 





H 



ANOTHER OPAL. 

Cwt. qrs. lb. oz, 

French Sand - - -6100 

Lead - - - - 4 22 

Ash (Pot) - - -3160 

Fluor Spar - - -1112 

Felspar - - - - 1 1 12 

Saltpetre - - -0180 

Manganese - - - 14 



ANOTHER OPAL. 

Sand - - - - _ 
Soda - - - - - 
Nitrate of Soda 
Barytes . . _ _ 

Arsenic - _ - . 

Manganese - - - - 
" This was changed into blue by adding oxide of cobalt, 
4 oz., and about 40 lb. of blue cullet." 



150 1b. 


60 


n 


5 


)? 


13 


)> 


8 


OZ. 


5 





13 



ANOTHER OPAL. 




Sand - - - 


- 


- 7001b. 


Red Lead 


- 


- 470 „ 


Ash (Marshall's) - 


- 


- 370 „ 


Felspar - 


- 


- 152 „ 


Fluor Spar 




- 152 „ 


Saltpetre 


- 


- 36 „ 


Manganese 


- 


- 14 oz. 



ANOTHER OPAL.* 

Sand - - - - - 6001b 

Soda (B, M. & Co.) - - 240 , 
Felspar ----- 225 , 

Fluor Spar - - - 225 , 

Arsenic - - - - - 6 , 

Cryolite - - - - - 5 , 

Nitrate of Soda - - - 65 , 



14 



TURQUOISE BLUE. 




Sand - - - - _ 


1001b. 


Red Lead 


80 „ 


Saltpetre - . _ _ 


28 „ 


Ash - - - - . 


28 „ 


Calcined Bones 


18 „ 


Arsenic - - - _ _ 


4 „ 


Brass Filings - - - _ 


H „ 



ANOTHER TURQUOISE. 

Cwt. qrs. lb. 

Batch - - - - 1 12 

Turquoise CuUet - - 3 

Oxide of Iron - - - 1 

Copper Scales - - - 2 

OpalCullet- - - - 1 12 

"Very good, very soft, not regular batch; work ir 
mediately it is fine ; last instruction important." 



15 
ANOTHER TURQUOISE. 



Batch (A, page 22) - 


- 504 parts. 


Plaster of Paris 


- 14 „ 


Fluor Spar 


- 24 „ 


Felspar 


- 24 „ 


Arsenic - - - 


- 6 „ 


Black Oxide of Copper 


- 9 „ 


Black Oxide of Cobalt 


- 2f oz. 


Phosphate of Lime - 


9 parts. 



ANOTHER TURQUOISE. 



Opal Batch (* page 13) - 


- 28 lb. 


Arsenic - - - - 


4 oz 


Zaffer - - - - 


- li „ 


Brass - - . - 


- 12 „ 


CuUet (Turquoise) - 
3 


- 70 lb, 



16 



GOLD COLOUR. 

Cwt. qrs. lb. 

Sand - - - - - 1 1 

Soda - - - - - 2 4 

Spar - - - - - 25 

Calcined Oats - - - 1 
" Good and right." 



ANOTHER GOLD COLOUR. 

Cwt. qrs. lb. 

Amber CuUet - - - 3 

Batch (A, page 22) - - 3 



Calcined Oats - - - f 



" Very good. You may calcine your own oats in the 
lear or furnace. Sometimes ground and sifted coke is used, 
but it is not so pure a carbon." 



17 



DARK GREEN. 



Gullet - - - - 


- 112 1b. 


Batch (A, page 22) 


- 336 „ 


Crocus Marcus 


- 13 „ 


Copper Scales 


- 4 „ 


Oxide of Copper - 


3 oz. 


" Very good." 





ANOTHER GREEN (Common). 

Cwt. qrs. lb. oz. 

Green Gullet - - - 1 

Batch (A, page 22) - 2 24 

Oxide of Iron - - 4 

Copper Scales - - 1 

Oxide of Copper - - 1 



18 



GREEN FOR MALACHITE. 



Green Gullet - 
Green Siftings 
Batch (A, page 22) 
Oxide of I ron - 
Copper Scales 
Oxide of Copper 

" Very good." 



Cwt. qrs. lb. oz. 

10 

3 

2 24 

4 

1 

2 



BLUE FOR MALACHITE. 



Batch (A, page 22) 
Blue Gullet - 
Zaffer 
Manganese 



Cwt. qrs. lb. oz. 

3 2 

10 

5 

8 



BLACK FOR MALACHITE. 

Use Batch A, page 22, and treat it as Crystal Batch on 
page 19, and this will produce a black metal which will in- 
corporate with the blue and green metal above, and will 
anneal safely. 

"These three colours will work mixed from the pots; 
one gathered upon the other and manipulated on the 
' marver,' then pressed, or melted in again in the furnace 
and blown ; anneal them well." 



19 

BLACK. 

Batch (Crystal Batch) - - 56 lb. 

Flint Gullet - - - - 56 ,, 

Manganese - - - - 12 ,, 

Iron Scales - - - - 3 ,, 

" A good pot of black which was not greasy." 



COMMON CANARY BATCH. 


Sand - 


-1,100 1b. 


Ash - - - 


- 336 „ 


Spar 


- 264 „ 


Lead 


- 100 „ 


Nitrate of Soda 


- 40 „ 


Arsenic - - - 


6 „ 


Oxide Uranium 


- 4J „ 



CANARY. 

Batch (as above) - - - 14 lb. 
Uranium - - - - 1 oz. 
Sulphate of Copper 



4 " 



"This gives the proportion of colourings to 14 lb. 
batch." 



ANOTHER CANARY. 

Batch (as above) - - - 336 lb. 
Canary Cullet - - - 100 „ 

Oxide Uranium - - - 14 oz. 



20 



WHITE OPAQUE GLASS. 



Sand 


- 


- 100 parts. 


Calcined Ash - 


- 


- 50 „ 


Slacked Lime - 


- 


- 16 „ 


Oxide of Tin 


- 


- 60 „ 



ANOTHER WHITE OPAQUE GLASS. 

Sand - - - - 100 parts. 

Minium - - - - 78 ,, 

Calcined Ash - - - 30 „ 
Nitrate of Soda (Crystals) 8 „ 

White Oxide of Tin - - 62 ,, 

"These will be interesting, as they are from a very old 
book of recipes." 



21 



SEALING WAX— RED— (Experiment). 



Saltpetre - - - - 


- 3 lb, 


Lead . . . - 


- 6 ,, 


Sand . - - - 


- 9 „ 


"Raw Brass" - 


- 1 n 


" Colclother of Vitriol " - 


- 1 „ 


Red Tartar - - - 


- 1 „ 



" Was a wax red, but faded. Wanted working when 
plain, probably." 



ANOTHER WAX— RED. 

Cullet (out of the above ex- 
periment) - - - - 20 lb. 
Added— Red Tartar - - 2 „ 
Brass - - - - - 8 oz. 
Colcothar of Vitriol - - 1 lb. 

" This produced a good wax red after being in the 
furnace twelve hours. The colour was throughout very 
good." 



22 
FLINT (A)— (A very cheap Metal). 





Cwt. 


qrs. 


lb. 


oz. 


Sand - - - - 


12 


2 








Alkali (B., M. & Co.) - 


4 


1 








Ash (Marshall's) - 





3 


18 





Spar - - - - 


1 





8 





Barytes 





3 


14 





Nitrate of Soda - 





2 


18 





Arsenic 








5 





Manganese (about) 








1 


14 



"Costs about 2s. 8d. per cwt. into pot. (Evaporation 
13 to 15 per cent.) " 



A BATCH (B)-(A little 


more costly). 






Cwt. 


qrs. lb. 


Sand - - - - 


- 


12 





Soda (B., M. & Co.) - 


- 


4 


1 


Lead - - - - 


- 





1 


Spar - - - - 


- 


1 





Nitrate of Soda - 


- 





2 


Saltpetre - 


- 





2 


Arsenic 


- 





2 


Manganese 


- 





H 


" Costs about 3s. 2d. per cwt." 









23 
FLINT GLASS (Crystal and Demi). 



Refined Peai 


rl Ashes 


- 76 lb. 


Saltpetre 


- 


- 10 „ 


Lead 


- 


- 200 „ 


Sand - 


_ 


- 260 „ 


Manganese 


_ 


- 4 drs 


Arsenic 


_ ' - 


- 8 lb. 



* Nearly every house in Britain uses different proportions, but we 
give a variety. The costs will be apparent to the mixer. 



ANOTHER CRYSTAL FLINT GLASS. 

Best. Common. 

Sand - - - 560 lb. 500 lb. 

Lead - - - 330 ,, 350 „ 

Ash - - - 160 „ 150 „ 

Saltpetre - - 60 ,, 30 ,, 

Arsenic - - 1 ,, 1 ,, 

ANOTHER CRYSTAL FLINT GLASS. 

Sand 520 lb. 

Lead ----- 360 ,, 

Ash - - - - - 160 „ 

Saltpetre - - - - 35 ,, 

" Colouring.' 



24 












ANOTHER FLINT (C). 










Cwt. 


qrs. 


lb. 


07.. 


Sand - 


- 


12 


2 







Alkali (B., M. & Co.) 


- 


4 


1 







Ash (Marshall's) - 


- 





3 


18 




Spar - 


- 


1 





8 




Barytes 


- 





3 


14 




Nitrate of Soda - 


- 





2 


18 




Arsenic 


- 








5 




Manganese - 


- 








1 


14 



" Costs about 3s. 7|d. per cwt. Very good. Evaporation 
13 to 15 per cent." 

ANOTHER FLINT (D). 

Cwt. qrs. lb. 



Sand - - - - 


- 


12 








Soda (B., M. & Co.) - 


- 


4 








Nitrate of Soda - 


- 


1 








Ash - - - - 


- 





1 





Lead - - - - 


- 





1 





Spar - - - . 


- 


1 








Arsenic - - . 


- 








7 


Manganese 


- 








1 


"Costs about 2s. lOd. per cwt. 


Evaporat 


ion 


13 to 15 


r cent." 











25 



FLINT (a good blowing Metal). 



Sand - - - . 

Alkali 

Lead - - . . 

Saltpetre - 

Spar - - - - 

Ash - 

Arsenic - . _ 

Manganese 

Cobalt 
" Costs about 4s. 6d. per cwt." 



Cwt. 


qrs. 


lb. 


12 








4 








1 








1 








1 











2 











5 








2 


11 


grs 





26 




ACHROMATIC GLASS. 


Lead - . . . 


- 500 lb. 


Sand .... 


- 600 „ 


Ashes (Refined) - 


- 180 „ 


Saltpetre 


- 60 „ 


Manganese ... 


7 oz. 


Antimony 


- 3 „ 


" This is the right quantity." 





PASTE GLASS. 

Furnace let out, and pots allowed to cool. 
Refined Pearl Ashes - 97 parts. 

Lead - . . - 200 ,, 
Sand - - - - 260 ,, 
Saltpetre- - - . 10 „ 
Manganese - - . i oz. 
Arsenic - - . - 12 

" The paste was very good. The foundering was kept 
twenty.four hours longer, but the furnace was kept little 
hotter than a working furnace, and was then let out gradu- 
ally, being kept for twelve hours little better than a pot arch. 
This paste was perfect to the bottom of the pot when 
broken up." 



27 
WHITE ENAMEL. 
Sand ----- 
Saltpetre - - . - 
Lead ----- 
Arsenic - - - . 

Antimony - - - - 

" A very good pot of white, and worked clear." 



50 1b 


20 


M 


50 


n 


^ 


n 


1 

2 


»> 





FIRESTONE. 




Sand 


- 


- 125 lb. 


Saltpetre 


- 


- 30 „ 


Lead 


- 


- 150 „ 


Arsenic 


- 


71 


Antimony 


- - . 


- \ . 



" This was a pot of very good firestone." 



28 
DEAD WHITE (for Moons). 

Sand 28 lb. 

Lead - - - . - 21 ,, 
Ashes - - - - - 1 1 
Arsenic - . . - 2^ oz. 

White Gullet - . - 200 lb. 

A very good pot. Worked clear and well." 





WHITE AGATE. 




Sand 


- 


24 lb. 


Lead 


- 


25 „ 


Saltpetre 


- 


15 „ 


Calcined Bone Ash - 


1 „ 


Arsenic - 


- 


4 „ 


ANOTHER AGATE. 




Sand 


- 


67 1b. 


Lead 


- 


54 „ 


Ash 


- 


20 „ 


Saltpetre 


- 


11 „ 


Arsenic - 


- 


6 „ 


Bone Ash 


- 


10 „ 


" Very good." 







29 
CANARY. 

Sand ----- 5J parts. 

Lead - - - - - 3^ ,, 

Ash - - - - - IJ ,, 

Saltpetre - - - "in 

Oxide Uranium - - - ^s ,, 

" No arsenic. No manganese. Well mixed in a clean 
harbour. As a rule it takes 5 oz. of uranium to the cwt. 
Don't use the blacks from the iron when you use the cuUet, 
This is a very tender colour to make." 



CANARY ENAMEL. 

To Blacks (Gullet) - - 100 lb. 

Use Chromate of Lead - - f ,, 

" Dissolve any quantity of lead (sugar of lead) in warm 
water ; dissolve chromate of potash in warm water ; put the 
one into the other by degrees, stirring all the while with a 
glass rod till no more precipitate falls ; strain off the liquid 
and wash the precipitate which is chromate of lead ; filter 
it, and it is fit for use. Don't use the chromate of lead of 
commerce ; it is not pure." 



30 



INDEX. 



Achromatic glass, 26. 
Agate, white, 2S. 
Alabaster, 7. 

" Best" opal, 11. 
Black, 19. 

Black for malachite, 18. 
Blue for malachite, 18. 
Blue, sapphire, 8. 
Blue, turquoise, 14, 15. 

Canary, 19, 29. 
Canary batch, common, 19. 
Canarj- enamel, 29. 
Common canary batcii, 19. 
Common green, 17. 
Cornelian, 7. 
Crysophis, 9. 
Crystal flint glass, 23. 

Dark green, 17. 

Dead white (for moons), 28. 

Enamel, canary, 29. 
Enamel, white, 27. 



Glass, achromatic, 26. 

Glass, flint (crystal and demi), 22, 

23, 24, 25. 
Glass, paste, 26. 
Gold colour, 16. 
Grem, common, 17, 
Green, dark, 17. 
Green for malachite, 18. 

Malachite, black for, 18. 
Malachite, blue for, 18. 
Malachite, green for, 18. 

( PAL, 10, 11, 12, 13. 
Opal, " Best," 11. 
Opaque glass, white, 20. 

Paste glass, 26. 

Red sealing wax, 21. 

Ruby, 1, 2, 3. 

Ruby from copper, 4. 

Sapphire blu?, 8. 
Sealing wax, red, 21. 

Turquoise blue, 14, 15. 



Firestone, 27. 
Flint, 22, 23, 24, 25. 
Flint for using with the ruby for j White, agate, 28. 
coating (on pages 2 and 3), 5. i White, dead (for moons), 28. 

White enamel, 27. 
Ger.man metal, A (flint), 6. White opaque j. lass, 20. 



• , TI^K AJ-iROHEN 'l.'NA'ERSHY Pf^eSfe Lj.'rt'TEd 



Manufacturers of Glassware 

SHOULD ADVERTISE IN 

« . THE . . 

Pottery Gazette, 

WHICH CIRCULATES AMONG BUYERS 

OF 

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THROUGHOUT THE HOME, CONTINENTAL 
and OVERSEAS MARKETS. 

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Specinr\en Copy of THE POTTERY GAZETTE sent 
on receipt of Tra.de Ca>.rd. 

Published by 

SCOTT, GREENWOOD & SON, 

8 Broadway, Ludgatc HilL London, l]X, 



(Tatalogue 



OF 

Opeeial (Deeljnieal Joooks 

FOR 

Manufacturers, Technical Students and 
Workers, Schools, Colleces, etc. 

BY EXPERT WRITERS 







INDEX TO SUBJECTS 








PAGE 


PAGE 




PAGE 


Agricultural Chemistry 


... 10 


Dye-stuffs 


.. 23 


Paper-pulp Dyeing... 


... 17 


Air, Industrial Use of 


... 12 


Enamelling Metal ... 


.. 18 


Petroleum 


... 6 


Alum and its Sulphates 


... 9 


Enamels 


.. 18 


Pigments, Chemistry of 


2 


Ammonia 


... 9 


Engraving 


.. 31 


Plumbers' Work 


'". 27 


Aniline Colours 


... 3 


Essential Oils 


.. 7 


Porcelain Painting... 


... 17 


Animal Fats 


... 6 


Evaporating Apparatus 


.. 26 


Pottery Clays 


... 16 


Anti-corrosive Paints 


... 4 


External Plumbing... 


.. 27 


Pottery .Manufacture 


... 14 


Architecture, Terms in 


... 30 


Fats 


..5,6 


Power-loom Weaving 


... 19 


Architectural Pottery 


... 15 


Faults in Woollen Goods 


.. 21 


Preserved Foods ... 


... 30 


Artificial Perfumes... 


... 7 


Gas Firing ... 


.. 26 


Printers' Ready Reckoner 31 


Balsams 


... 10 


Glass-making Recipes 


.. 16 


Printing Inks 


... i 


Bibliography 


... 32 


Glass Painting 


.. 17 


Recipes for Oilmen, etc. 


. 3 


Bleaching 


... 23 


Glue Making and Testing 


.. 8 


Resins... 


... 10- 


Bone Products 


... 8 


Greases 


.. 5 


Risks of Occupations 


... n 


Bookbinding 


... 31 


Hat Manufacturing 


.. 20 


Rivetting China, etc. 


... le- 


Brick-making 


15, 16 


History of Staffs Potteries 16 


Sanitary Plumbing 


... 2r 


Burnishing Brass ... 


... 28 


Hops ... 


.. 28 


Scheele's Essays ... 


... 9 


Carpet Yarn Printing 


... 21 


Hot-water Supply ... 


.. 28 


Sealing Waxes 


... 11 


Ceramic Books 


14, 15 


How to make a Woollen Mill 


Silk Dyeing ... 


... 22 


Charcoal 


... 8 


Pay 


.. 21 


Silk Throwing 


... 18 


Chemical Essays ... 


... 9 


India-rubber 


.. 13 


Smoke Prevention ... 


... 26 


Chemistry of Pottery 


... 16 


Industrial Alcohol ... 


.. 10 


Soaps 


... 7 


Chemistry of Dye-stuffs 


... 23 


Inks 


3,11 


Spinning 


... 21 


Clay Analysis 


... 16 


Iron-corrosion 


.. 4 


Staining Marble, and Bone 31 


Coal-dust Firing 


... 26 


Iron, Science of 


.. 26 


Steam Drying 


... 12 


Colour .Matching ... 


... 22 


Japanning 


.. 28 


Sugar Refining 


... 32 


Colliery Recovery Work 


... 25 


Lace-Making 


.. 20 


Steel Hardening 


... 26 


Colour-mixing for Dyers 


... 22 


Lacquering ... 


.. 28 


Sweetmeats ... 


... 30 


Colour Theory 


... 22 


Lake Pigments 


.. 2 


Terra-cotta 


... IS- 


Combing Machines... 


... 24 


Lead and its Compounds 


.. 11 


Testing Paint Materials 


... 4 


Compounding Oils ... 


... 6 


Leather Industry ... 


.. 13 


Testing Yarns 


... 20" 


Condensing Apparatus 


... 26 


Leather-working Materials 14 


Textile Fabrics 


... 20* 


Cosmetics 


... 8 


Lithography 


.. 31 


Textile Materials ... 


19,20 


Cotton Dyeing 


... 23 


Lubricants ... 


..5,6 


Timber 


... 29 


Cotton Spinning ... 


... 24 


Manures 


8, 10 


Varnishes 


... 5 


Damask Weaving ... 


... 20 


Mineral Pigments ... 


.. 3 


Vegetable Fats 


... 7 


Dampness in Buildings 


... 30 


Mine Ventilation ... 


.. 25 


Waste Utilisation ... 


... 10 


Decorators' Books ... 


... 28 


Mine Haulage 


.. 25 


Water, Industrial Use 


... 12 


Decorative Textiles 


... -20 


Oil and Colour Recipes 


.. 3 


Waterproofing Fabrics 


... 21 


Dental Metallurgy ... 


... 25 


Oil Boiling 


.. 5 


Weaving Calculations 


... 21 


Dictionaryof Paint Materials 2 


Oil Merchants' Manual 


.. 7 


Wood Waste Utilisation 


... 29 


Drying Oils 


... 5 


Oils 


.. 5 


Wood Dyeing 


... 31 


Drying with Air 


... 12 


Ozone, Industrial Use of 


. 12 


Wool Dyeing 


22,23 


Dyeing .Marble 


... 31 


Paint Manufacture... 


.. 2 


Writinti Inks 


... 11 


Dyeing Woollen Fabrics 


... 23 


Paint .Materials 


.. 3 


X-Ray'Work 


... 13 


Dyers' Materials ... 


22 


Paint-material Testing 


.. 4 


Yarn Testing 


... 20 



PUBLISHED BY 

SCOTT, GREENWOOD & SON, 

8 Broadway, Ludgate Hill, 
London, E.C. 

Telegraphic Address, " Printeries, London ". 



Paints, Colours and Printing 
Inks. 

THE CHEMISTRY OP PIGMENTS. By Ernest J. Parry, 
B.Sc. (Lond.), F.I.C., F.C.S., and J. H. Coste, F.I.C, F.C.S. Demy 
8vo. Five Illustrations. 285 pp. Price 10s. 6d. net. (Post free, 
10s. lOd. home; lis. 3d. abroad.) 

Contents. 

Introductory. Light — White Light — The Spectrum — The Invisible Spectrum — Normal 
Spectrum — Simple Nature of Pure Spectral Colour — The Recomposition of White Light — 
Primary and Complementary Colours — Coloured Bodies— Absorption Spectra — The Appli= 
cation of Pigments. Uses of Pigments : Artistic, Decorative, Protective — Methods of 
Application of Pigments : Pastels and Crayons, Water Colour, Tempera Painting, Fresco, 
Encaustic Painting, Oil-colour Painting, Keramic Art, Enamel, Stained and Painted Glass, 
Mosaic — inorganic Pigments. White Lead — Zinc White — Enamel White — Whitening — 
Red Lead — Litharge — Vermilion — Royal Scarlet — The Chromium Greens — Chromates of Lead, 
Zinc, Silver and Mercury — Brunswick Green — The Ochres — Indian Red — Venetian Red — 
Siennas and Umbers — Light Red — Cappagh Brown — Red Oxides — Mars Colours— Terre Verte 
— Prussian Brown — Cobalt Colours — Coeruleum — Smalt — Copper Pigments — Malachite — 
Bremen Green — Scheele's Green — Emerald Green — Verdigris — Brunswick Green — Non- 
arsenical Greens — Copper Blues — Ultramarine — Carbon Pigments — Ivory Black — Lamp Black 
— Bistre — Naples Yellow — Arsenic Sulphides : Orpiment, Realgar — Cadmium Yellow — 
Vandyck Brown — Organic Pigments. Prussian Blue — Natural Lakes — Cochineal — Carmine 
— Crimson — Lac Dye — Scarlet — Madder — Alizarin — Campeachy — Quercitron — Rhamnus — 
Brazil Wood— Alkanet — Santal Wood — Archil — Coal-tar Lakes — Red Lakes — Alizarin Com- 
pounds — Orange and Yellow Lakes — Green and Blue Lakes — Indigo — Dragon's Blood — 
Gamboge — Sepia — Indian Yellow, Puree — Bitumen, Asphaltum, Mummy — Index. 

THE MANUFACTURE OP PAINT. A Practical Handbook 
for Paint Manufacturers, Merchants and Painters. By J. Cruickshank 
Smith, B.Sc. Demy Svo. 200 pp. Sixty Illustrations and One Large 
Diagram. Price 7s. 6d. net. (Post free, 7s. lOd. home ; 8s. abroad.) 

Contents. 

Preparation of Raw Material — Storing of Raw Material — Testing and Valuation of Raw 
Material — Paint Plant and Machinery — The Grinding of White Lead — Grinding of White 
Zinc — Grinding of other White Pigments — Grinding of Oxide Paints — Grinding of Staining 
Colours — Grinding of Black Paints — Grinding of Chemical Colours — Yellows — Grinding of 
Chemical Colours — Blues — Grinding Greens — Grinding Reds — Grinding Lakes — Grinding 
Colours in Water— Grinding Colours in Turpentine — The Uses of Paint — Testing and Matching 
Paints — Economic Considerations — Index. 

DICTIONARY OF CHEMICALS AND RAW PRO- 

pUCTS USED IN THE MANUFACTURE OP 

PAINTS, COLOURS, VARNISHES AND ALLIED 

PREPARATIONS. By George H. Hurst, F.C.S. Demy 

8vo. 380 pp. Price 7s. 6d. net. (Post free, 8s. home ; 8s. 6d. abroad.) 

THE MANUFACTURE OF LAKE PIGMENTS PROM 
ARTIFICIAL COLOURS. By Francis H. Jennison, 
F.I.C, F.C.S. Sixteen Coloured Plates, showingr Specimens of 
Eigrhty-nine Colours, specially prepared from the Recipes g:iven 
in tlie Book. 136 pp. Demy 8vo. Price 7s. 6d. net. (Post free, 
7s. lOd. home; 8s. abroad.) 

Contents. 

The Groups of the Artificial Colouring Matters— The Nature and Manipulation of Artificial 
Colours — Lake-forming Bodies for Acid Colours — Lake-forming Bodies' Basic Colours — Lake 
Bases — The Principles of Lake Formation — Red Lakes — Orange, Yellow, Green, Blue, Violet 
and Black Lakes — The Production of Insoluble Azo Colours in the Form of Pigments— The 
General Properties of Lakes Produced from Artificial Colours — Washing, Filtering and Fin- 
ishing — Matching and Testing Lake Pigments — Index 



PAINTS, COLOURS, ETC.— continued. 

THE MANUFACTURE OF MINERAL AND LAKE 

PIGMENTS. Containing Directions for the Manufacture 
of all Artificial, Artists and Painters' Colours, Enamel, Soot and Me- 
tallic Pigments. A Text-book for Manufacturers, Merchants, Artists 
and Painters. By Dr. Josef Bersch. Translated by A. C. Wright, 
M.A. (Oxon.), B.Sc. (Lond.). Forty-three Illustrations. 476 pp., demy 
8vo. Price 12s. 6d. net. (Post free, 13s. home ; 13s. 6d. abroad.) 

Contents. 

Introduction — Physico-chemical Behaviour of Pigments — Raw Materials Employed in 
the Manufacture of Pigments — Assistant Materials — Metallic Compounds — The Manufacture 
of Mineral Pigments — The Manufacture of White Lead — Enamel White — Washing Apparatus 
— Zinc White — Yellow Mineral Pigments — Chrome Yellow — Lead Oxide Pigments — 
Other Yellow Pigments — Mosaic Gold — Red Mineral Pigments — The Manufacture of Ver- 
milion — Antimony Vermilion — Ferric Oxide Pigments — Other Red Mineral Pigments — Purple 
of Cassius — Blue Mineral Pigments — Ultramarine — Manufacture of Ultramarine — Blue 
Copper Pigments — Blue Cobalt Pigments — Smalts — Green Mineral Pigments — Emerald 
Green — Verdigris — Chromium Oxide — Other Green Chromium Pigments — Green Cobalt Pig- 
ments — Green Manganese Pigments — Compounded Green Pigments — Violet .Mineral Pig- 
ments — Brown Mineral Pigments — Brown Decomposition Products — Black Pigments — .Manu- 
facture of Soot Pigments — Manufacture of Lamp Black — The Manufacture of Soot Black 
without Chambers — Indian Ink — Enamel Colours — Metallic Pigments — Bronze Pigments — 
Vegetable Bronze Pigments. 

Pigments of Organic Origin — Lakes — Yellow Lakes — Red Lakes — Manufacture of 
Carmine — The Colourmg Matter of Lac — Safflower or Carthamine Red — Madder and 
its Colouring Matters — Aladder Lakes — .Manjit (Indian Madder) — Lichen Colouring .Matters — 
Red Wood Lakes — The Colouring Matters of Sandal Wood and Other Dye Woods — Blue 
Lakes — Indigo Carmine — The Colouring Matter of Log Wood — Green Lakes — Brown Organic 
Pigments — Sap Colours — Water Colours — Crayons — Confectionery Colours — The Preparation, 
of Pigments for Painting — The Examination of Pigments — Examination of Lakes — The 
Testing of Dye-Woods — The Design of a Colour Works — Commercial Names of Pigments — 
Appendix: Conversion of Metric to English Weights and Measures — Centigrade and Fahrenheit 
Thermometer Scales — Index. 

RECIPES FOR THE COLOUR, PAINT, VARNISH, OIL, 
SOAP AND DRYSALTERY TRADES. Compiled by 
An Analytical Chemist. 350 pp. Demy 8vo. Price7s.6d.net. (Post 
free, 8s. home ; 8s. 3d. abroad.) 

Contents. 

Pigments or Colours for Paints, Lithographic and Letterpress Printing Inks, etc. — 
Mixed Paints and Preparations for Paint-making, Painting, Lime-washing, Paperhanging, 
etc. — Varnishes for Coach-builders, Cabinetmakers, Wood-workers, Metal-workers, Photo- 
graphers, etc. — Soaps for Toilet, Cleansing, Polishing, etc. — Perfumes — Lubricating Greases, 
Oils, etc. — Cements, Pastes, Glues and Other Adhesive Preparations — Writing, Marking, 
Endorsing and Other Inks — Sealing-wax and Office Requisites — Preparations for the Laundry, 
Kitchen, Stable and General Household Uses — Disinfectant Preparations — Miscellaneous 
Preparations — Index. 

OIL COLOURS AND PRINTERS' INKS. By Louis 

Edgar And£s. Translated from the German. 215 pp. Crown 8vo, 
56 Illustrations. Price 5s. net. (Post free, 5s. 4d. home ; 5s. 6d. abroad.) 

Contents. 

Linseed Oil — Poppy Oil — .Mechanical Purification of Linseed Oil — Chemical Purification of 
Linseed Oil — Bleaching Linseed Oil — Oxidizing Agents for Boiling Linseed Oil — Theory of 
Oil Boiling — Manufacture of Boiled Oil — Adulterations of Boiled Oil — Chinese Drying Oil and 
Other Specialities — Pigments for House and Artistic Painting and Inks — Pigment for 
Printers' Black Inks — Substitutes for Lampblack — Machinery for Colour Grinding and 
Rubbing — Machines for mixing Pigments with the Vehicle — Paint .Mills — Manufacture of 
House Oil Paints — Ship Paints — Luminous Paint — Artists' Colours — Printers' Inks: — 
VEHICLES— Printers' Inks:— PIGMENTS and MANUFACTURE— Index. 

(Sic also \Vriti)ig- Inks, p. ii.) 

THREE HUNDRED SHADES FOR DECORATORS 
AND HOW TO MIX THEM. 

{Sec page 28.) 



PAINTS, COLOURS, ETC.— conthmcd. 

CASEIN. By Robert Scherer. Translated from the German 
by Chas. Salter. Demy 8vo. Illustrated. 160 pp. Price 7s. 6d. 
net. (Post free, 7s. lOd. home ; 8s. abroad.) 

Contents. 

Casein : its Origin, Preparation and Properties. Various Methods of Preparing 
Casein. Composition and Properties of Casein. Casein Paints.—" Marble-Lime " 
Colour for Outside Work^ — Casein Enan^el Paint — Casein Facade Paint — Cold-Water Paint in 
Powder Form — History's Recipe for Casein Paint and Varnish — Pure Casein Paints for Walls, 
etc. — Casein Paints for Woodwork and Iron — Casein-Silicate Paints — Milk Paints — Casein- 
Silicate Paint Recipes — Trojel's Boiled Oil Substitute — Calsomine Wash — Quick-Drying 
Casein Paint — Boiled Oil Substitute — Ring's Cold-Water Paint — Formolactin — Waterproof 
Paint for Playing Cards — Casein Colour Lake — Casein-Cement Paint. Tile Technics of 
Casein Painting. Casein Adhesives and Putties.— Casein Glue in Plates or Flakes — 
Jeromin's Casein Adhesive — Hall's Casein Glue — Waterproof Glue — Liquid Casein Glue — 
Casein and Borax Glue — Solid Casein Adhesive — Casein Solution — Glue Powder — Casein 
Putties — Washable Cement for Deal Boards — Wenk's Casein Cement — Casein and Lime Cement 
— "Pitch Barm" — Casein Stopping — Casein Cement for Stone. The Preparation of 
Plastic Masses from Casein. — Imitation Ivory — Anti-Radiation and Anti-Corrosive Com- 
position — Dickmann's Covering for Floors and Walls — Imitation Linoleum — Imitation 
Leather— Imitation Bone — Plastic Mass of Keratin and Casein — Insulating Mass — Plastic 
Casein Masses — Horny Casein Mass — Plastic Mass from Celluloid — Casein Cellulose Compo- 
sition — Fireproof Cellulose Substitute — Nitrocellulose and Casein Composition — Franquet's 
Celluloid Substitute— Galalith. Uses of Casein in the Textile Industry, for Finishing 
Colour Printing, etc — Caseogum — "Glutin" — Casein Dressing for Linen and Cotton 
Fabrics — Printing Colour with .Metallic Lustre — Process for Softening, Sizing and Loading — 
Fixmg Casein and Other Albuminoids on the Fibre — Fixing Insoluble Colouring Matters — 
Waterproofing and Softening Dressing — Casein for Mercerising Crepe — Fixing Zinc White on 
Cotton with Formaldehyde — Casein-Magnesia — Casein Medium for Calico Printing — Loading 
Silk. Casein Foodstuffs. — Casein Food— Synthetic Milk — .Milk Food — Emulsifiable Casein 
— Casein Phosphate for Baking — .Making Bread, Low in Carbohydrates, from Flour and Curd 
— Preparing Soluble Casein Compounds with Citrates — Casein Food. Sundry Applications 
of Casein. — Uses of Casein in the Paper Industrj — Metachromotype Paper — Sizing Paper 
with Casein — Waterproofing Papei — Casein Solution for Coating Paper — ^Horn's Clear Solu- 
tion of Casein — Water- and Fire-proof Asbestos Paper and Board — Paper Flasks, etc., for 
Oils and Fats — Washable Drawing and Writing Paper — Paper Wrappering for Food, Cloth- 
ing, etc. — Paint Remover — Casein Photographic Plates — Wood-Cement Roofing Pulp — Cask 
Glaze of Casein and Formaldehyde — Artists' Canvas — Solidifying Mineral Oils — Uses of 
Casein in Photography — Casein Ointment — Clarifying Glue with Casein — Casein in Soap- 
making — Casein-Albumose Soap — -Casein in Sheets, Blocks, etc. ^Waterproof Casein. 

SIMPLE METHODS FOR TESTING PAINTERS' 
MATERIALS. By A. C. Wright, M.A. (Oxon.), B.Sc. 
(Lond.). Crown Svo. 160 pp. Price 5s. net. (Post free, 5s. 3d, 
home ; 5s. 6d. abroad.) 

Contents. 

Necessity for Testing — Standards — Arrangement — The Apparatus — The Reagents — 
Practical Tests — Dry Colours— Stiff Paints — Liquid and Enamel Paints — Oil Varnishes — 
Spirit Varnishes — Driers — Putty — Linseed Oil — Turpentine — Water Stains — The Chemical 
Examination — Dry Colours and Paints — White Pigments and Paints — Yellow Pigments and 
Paints — Blue Pigments and Paints — Green Pigments and Paints — Red Pigments and Paints — 
Brown Pigments and Paints — Black Pigments and Paints — Oil Varnishes — Linseed Oil — 
Turpentine. 

IRON - CORROSION, ANTI - FOULING AND ANTI- 
CORROSIVE PAINTS. Translated from the German of 
JLouis Rdgar Andes. Sixty two Illustrations. 275 pp. Demy Svo. 
Price 10s. 6d. net. (Post free, 10s. lOd. home ; lis. 3d. abroad.) 
Contents. 

Iron-rust and its Formation — Protection from Rustmg by Paint — Grounding the Iron with 
Linseed Oil, etc. — Testing Paints — Use of Tar for Painting on Iron — Anti-corrosive Paints — 
Linseed Varnish — Chinese Wood Oil — Lead Pigments — Iron Pigments — Artificial Iron Oxides 
■^Carbon — Preparation of Anti-corrosive Paints — Results of Examination of Several Anti- 
corrosive Paints — Paints for Ship's Bottoms — Anti-fouling Compositions — Various Anti-cor- 
rosive and Ship's Paints — Official Standard Specifications for Ironwork Paints — Index. 

THE TESTING AND VALUATION OF RAW MATE- 
RIALS USED IN PAINT AND COLOUR MANU- 
FACTURE. By M. W. Jones, F.C.S. A Book for the 
Laboratories of Colour Works. 88 pp. Crown Svo. Price 5s. net. 
(Post free, 5s. 3d. home and abroad.) 



Contents. 

Aluminium Compounds — China Clay — Iron Compounds — Potassium Compounds — Sodium 
Compounds — Ammonium Hydrate — Acids — Chromium Compounds — Tin Compounds — Copper 
Compounds — Lead Compounds — Zinc Compounds — Manganese Compounds — Arsenic 
Compounds — Antimony Compounds — Calcium Compounds — ^Barium Compounds— Cadmium 
Compounds — Mercury Compounds — Ultramarine — Cobalt and Carbon Compounds — Oils 

STUDENTS' HANDBOOK OF PAINTS, COLOURS, OILS 
AND VARNISHES. By John Furnell. Crown 8vo. 12 
Illustrations. 96 pp. Piice2s.6d.net. (Postfree, 2s. 9d. home and abroad.) 
Contents. 

Plant — Chromes — Blues — Greens — Earth Colours — Blacks — Reds — Lakes — Whites — 
Painters' Oils — Turpentine — Oil Varnishes — Spirit Varnishes — Liquid Paints — Enamel Paints. 

Varnishes and Drying Oils. 

OIL CRUSHING, REFINING AND BOILING, THE 
MANUFACTURE OF LINOLEUM, PRINTING AND 
LITHOGRAPHIC INKS, AND INDIA-RUBBER 
SUBSTITUTES. By John Geddes McIntosh. Being 
Volume 1. of the Second, greatly enlarged, English Edition, in three 
Volumes, of " The Manufacture of Varnishes and Kindred Industries," 
based on and including the work of Ach. Livache. Demy 8vo. 150 pp. 
29 Illustrations. Price 7s. 6d. net. (Post free, 7s. lOd. home; 8s. 
abroad.) 

Contents. 

Oil Crushing and Refining; Oil Boiling — Theoretical and Practical; Linoleum iManufacture ; 
Printing Ink .Manufacture; Rubber Substitutes; The Manufacture of Driers; The Detection 
of Adulteration in Linseed and other Drying Oils by Chemical, Physical and Organoleptic 
Methods, 

DRYING OILS, BOILED OIL AND SOLID AND 
LIQUID DRIERS. By L. E. Andes. Expressly Written 
for this Series of Special Technical Books, and the Publishers hold 
the Copyright for English and Foreign Editions. Forty-two Illustra- 
tions. 342 pp. Demy 8vo. Price 12s. 6d. net. (Post free, 13s. home ; 
13s. 3d. abroad.) 

Contents. 

Properties of the Drying Oils; Cause of the Drying Property; Absorption of Oxygen ; 
Behaviour towards Metallic Oxides, etc. — The Properties of and Methods for obtaining the 
Drying Oils — FVoduction of the Drying Oils by Expression and Extraction; Refining and 
Bleaching; Oil Cakes and Meal; The Refining and Bleaching of the Drying Oils; The 
Bleaching of Linseed Oil — The Manufacture of Boiled Oil; The Preparation of Drjing Oils 
for Use in the Grinding of Paints and Artists' Colours and in the Manufacture of Varnishes 
by Heating over a Fire or by Steam, by the Cold Process, by the Action of Air, and by Aleans 
of the Electric Current; The Driers used in Boiling Linseed Oil; The Manufacture of Boiled 
Oil and the Apparatus therefor; Livache's Process for Preparing a Good Drying Oil and its 
Practical .Application — The Preparation of Varnishes for Letterpress, Lithographic and Copper- 
plate Printing, for Oilcloth and Waterproof Fabrics: The Manufacture of Thickened Linseed 
Oil, Burnt Oil, Stand Oil by Fire Heat, Superheated Steam, and by a Currentof Air — Behaviour 
of the Drying Oils and Boiled Oils towards Atmospheric Influences, Water, Acids and Alkalies 
— Boiled Oil Substitutes — 1 he Manufacture of Solid and Liquid Driers from Linseed Oil and 
Rosin; Linolic Acid Compounds of the Driers — The Adulteration and Examination of the 
Drying Oils and Boiled Oil. 

Oils, Fats, Greases, Petroleum. 

LUBRICATING OILS, FATS AND GREASES: Their 
Origin, Preparation, Properties, Uses and Analyses. A Handbook for 
Oil Manufacturers, Refiners and Merchants, and the Oil and Fat 
Industry in General. By George H. Hurst, F.C.S. Second Revised 
and Enlarged Edition. Sixty-Hve Illustrations. 317 pp. Demy 8vo. 
Price 10s. 6d. net. (Post tree, lis. home; lis. 3d. abroad.) 

Contents. 

Introductory— Hydrocarbon Oils— Scotch Shale Oils— Petroleum— Vegetable and 
Animal Oils— Testing- and Adulteration of Oils— Lubricating Greases— Lubrication- 
Appendices— Index. 



6 

TECHNOLOGY OF PETROLEUM : Oil Fields of the 

World — Their History, Geography and Geology — Annual Production 
and Development — Oil-well Drilling — Transport. By Henry Neu- 
BERGER and Henry Noalhat. Translated from the French by J. G. 
McIntosh. 550 pp. 153 Illustrations. 26 Plates. Super Royal 8vo. 
Price 21s. net. (Post free, 21s. 9d. home ; 23s. 6d. abroad.) 

Contents. 

Study of the Petroliferous Strata. 

Excavations — Hand Excavation or Hand Digging of Oil Wells. 

Metliods of Boring. 

Accidents — Boring Accidents — Methods of preventing them — Methods of remedying them 
— Explosives and the use of the "Torpedo" Levigation — Storing and Transport of Petroleum 
— General Advice — Prospecting, Management and carrying on of Petroleum Boring Operations. 

General Data — Customary Formulae — Memento. Practical Part. General Data 
bearing on Petroleum — Glossary of Technical Terms used in the Petroleum Industry — Copious 
Index. 

THE PRACTICAL COMPOUNDING OP OILS, TAL- 
LOW AND GREASE FOR LUBRICATION, ETC. 

By An Expert Oil Refiner. 100 pp. Demy 8vo. Price 7s. 6d. 
net. (Post free, 7s. lOd. home ; 8s. abroad.) 
Contents. 

Introductory Remarks on the General Nomenclature of Oils, Tallow and Greases 
suitable for Lubrication — Hydrocarbon Oils — Animal and Fish Oils — Compound 
Oils— Vegetable Oils— Lamp Oils— Engine Tallow, Solidified Oils and Petroleum 
Jelly — Machinery Greases: Loco and Anti-friction— Clarifying and LItilisation 
of Waste Fats, Oils, Tank Bottoms, Drainings of Barrels and Drums, Pickings 
Up, Dregs, etc.— The Fixing and Cleaning of Oil Tanks, etc.— Appendix and 
General Information. 

ANIMAL FATS AND OILS: Their Practical Production, 
Purification and Uses for a great Variety of Purposes. Their Pro- 
perties, Falsification and Examination. Translated from the German 
of Louis Edgar Andes. Sixty-two Illustrations. 240 pp. Second 
Edition, Revised and Enlarged. Demy 8vo. Price 10s. 6d. net. 
(Post free, 10s. lOd. home; lis. 3d. abroad.) 
Contents. 

Introduction — Occurrence, Origm, Properties and Chemical Constitution of Animal Fats — 
Preparation of Animal Fats and Oils — Machinery — Tallow-melting Plant — Extraction Plant 
— Presses — Filtering Apparatus — Butter : Raw Material and Preparation, Properties, Adul- 
terations, Beef Lard or Remelted Butter, Testing — Candle-flsh Oil — Mutton-Tallow — Hare 
Fat — Goose Fat — Neatsfoot Oil — Bone Fat: Bone Boiling, Steaming Bones, Extraction, 
Refining — Bone Oil — Artificial Butter: Oleomargarine, Margarine Manufacture in France, 
Grasso's Process, " Kaiser's Butter," Jahr & Miinzberg's Method, Filbert's Process, Winter's 
Method — Human Fat — Horse Fat — Beef Marrow — Turtle Oil — Hog's Lard: Raw Material — 
Preparation, Properties, Adulterations, Examination — Lard Oil — Fish Oils — Liver Oils — 
Artificial Train Oil — Wool Fat: Properties, Purified Wool Fat — Spermaceti: Examination 
of Fats and Oils in General. 

THE MANUFACTURE OF LUBRICANTS, SHOE 
POLISHES AND LEATHER DRESSINGS. By 

Richard Brunner. Translated from the Sixth German Edition by 
Chas. Salter. 10 Illustrations. Crown 8vo. 170 pp. Price 7s. 6d. 
net. (Post free, 7s. lOd. home ; 8s. abroad.) 
Contents. 

The Manufacture of Lubricants and Greases — Properties of the Bodies used as Lubricants 
— Raw Materials for Lubricants — Solid Lubricants — "Tallow Lubricants — Palm Oil Greases — 
Lead Soap Lubricants — True Soap Greases — Caoutchouc Lubricants — Other Solid Lubricants 
— Liquid Lubricants — Lubricating Oils in Genera! — Refining Oils for Lubricating Purposes — 
Cohesion Oils — Resin Oils — Lubricants of Fat and Resin Oil — Neatsfoot Oil — Bone Fat — 
Lubricants for Special Purposes — Mineral Lubricating Oils — Clockmalcers' and Sewing Ma- 
chine Oils — The Application of Lubricants to Machinery — Removing Thickened Grease and 
Oil — Cleaning Oil Rags and Cotton Waste — The Use of Lubricants — Shoe Polishes and 
Leather Softening Preparations — The Manufacture of Shoe Polishes and Preparations for 
Varnishing and Softening Leather — The Preparation of Bone Black — Blacking and Shoe 
Polishes — Leather Varnishes — Leather Softening Preparations — The Manufacture of D^gras. 



THE OIL MERCHANTS' MANUAL AND OIL TRADE 
READY RECKONER. Compiled by Frank F. Sherriff. 
Second Edition Revised and Enlarged. Demy 8vo. 214 pp. 1904. 
With Two Sheets of Tables. Price 7s. 6d. net. (Post free, 7s. lOd. 
home ; 8s. 3d. abroad.) 

Contents. 

Trade Terms and Customs — Tables to Ascertain Value of Oil sold per cwt. or ton — Specific 
Gravity Tables — Percentage Tare Tables — Petroleum Tables — Paraffine and Benzoline Calcu- 
lations — Customary Drafts — Tables for Calculating Allowance for Dirt, Water, etc. — Capacity 
of Circular Tanks Tables, etc., etc. 

VEGETABLE FATS AND OILS : Their Practical Prepara- 
tion, Purification and Employment for Various Purposes, their Proper- 
ties, Adulteration and Examination. Translated from the German of 
Louis Edgar Andes. Ninety-four Illustrations. 340 pp. Second 
Edition. Demy 8vo. Price 10s. 6d. net. (Post free, lis. home; 
lis. 6d. abroad.) 

Contents. 
Qeneral Properties— Estimation of the Amount of Oil in Seeds— The Preparation 
of Vegetable Fats and Oils — Apparatus for Grinding Oil Seeds and Fruits — Installation 
of Oil and Fat Works — Extraction Method of Obtaining Oils and Fats — Oil Extraction 
Installations — Press Moulds — Non=drying: Vegetable Oils — Vegetable drying Oils — 
Solid Vegetable Fats— Fruits Yielding Oils and Fats— Wool-softening Oils— Soluble Oils- 
Treatment of the Oil after Leaving the Press — Improved Methods of Refining — Bleaching 
Fats and Oils — Practical Experiments on the Treatment of Oils with regard to Refining and 
Bleaching — Testing Oils and Fats. 

Essential Oils and Perfumes. 

THE CHEMISTRY OF ESSENTIAL OILS AND ARTI- 
FICIAL PERFUMES. By Ernest J. Parry, B.Sc. 
(Lond.), F.I.C., F.C.S. 411 pp. 20 Illustrations. Demy Svo. Price 
12s. 6d. net. (Post free, 13s. home ; 13s. 6d. abroad.) 
Contents. 
The Qeneral Properties of Essential Oils — Compounds occurring in Essential Oils 
— The Preparation of Essential Oils— The Analysis of Essential Oils— Systematic 
Study of the Essential Oils— Terpeneless Oils— The Chemistry of Artificial Perfumes 
— Appendix: Table of Constants— Index. 



Soaps. 



SOAPS. A Practical Manual of the Manufacture of Domestic, 
Toilet and other Soaps. By George H. Hurst, F.C.S. 390 pp. 
66 Illustrations. Price 12s. 6d. net. (Post free, 13s. home; 13s. 6d. 
abroad.) 

Contents. 
Introductory— Soap = maker's Alkalies— Soap Fats and Oils— Perfumes — Water as 
a Soap Material — Soap Machinery — Technology of Soap=making — Glycerine in Soap 
Lyes — Laying out a Soap Factory — Soap Analysis — Appendices. 

TEXTILE SOAPS AND OILS. Handbook on the Prepara- 
tion, Properties and Analysis of the Soaps and Oils used in Textile 
Manufacturing, Djeing and Printing. By George H. Hurst, F.C.S. 
Crown Svo. 195 pp. 1904. Price 5s. net. (Post free, 5s. 4d. home ; 
5s. 6d. abroad.) 

Contents. 
Methods of Making Soaps— Hard Soap— Soft Soap. Special Textile Soaps— Wool 
Soaps— Calico Printers' Soaps — Dyers' Soaps. Relation of Soap to Water for Industrial 
Purposes — Treating Waste Soap Liquors — Boiled Off Liquor — Calico Printers and Dyers' 
Soap Liquors — Soap Analysis— Fat in Soap. 

A.VIMAL A.\D VEGETABLE OILS AND FATS— Tallow— Lard— Bone Grease- 
Tallow Oil. Vegetable Soap, Oils and Fats— Palm Oil— Coco-nut Oil— Olive Oil— Cotton- 
seed Oil— Linseed Oil— Castor Oil— Corn Oil— Whale Oil or Train Oil— Repe Oil. 
GLYCERINE. 

TEXTILE OILS— Oleic Acid— Blended Wool Oils— Oils for Cotton Dyeing, Printing and 
Finishing— Turkey Red Oil— Alizarine Oil— Oleine— Oxy Turkey Red Oils— Soluble Oil- 
Analysis of Turkey Red Oil— Finisher's Soluble Oil — Finisher's Soap Softening — Testing and 
Adulteration of Oils — Index. 



Gosmetical Preparations. 

COSMETICS : MANUFACTURE, EMPLOYMENT 
AND TESTING OF ALL COSMETIC MATERIALS 
AND COSMETIC SPECIALITIES. Translated 
from the German of Dr. Theodor Roller. Crown 8vo. 262 pp. 
Price 5s. net. (Post free, 5s. 4d. home ; 5s. 6d. abroad.) 

Contents. 

Purposes and Uses of, and Ingredients used in the Preparation of Cosmetics — Preparation of 
Perfumes by Pressure, Distillation, Maceration, Absorption or Enfleurage, and Extraction 
Methods — Chemical and Animal Products used in the Preparation of Cosmetics — Oils and Fats 
used in the Preparation of Cosmetics — General Cosmetic Preparations — Mouth Washes and 
Tooth Pastes — Hair Dyes, Hair Restorers and Depilatories — Cosmetic Adjuncts and 
Specialities — Colouring Cosmetic Preparations — Antiseptic Washes and Soaps— Toilet and 
Hygienic Soaps — Secret Preparations for Skin, Complexion, Teeth, Mouth, etc. — Testing and 
Examining the Materials Employed in the Manufacture of Cosmetics — Index. 



Glue, Bone Products and 
Manures. 

GLUE AND GLUE TESTING. By Samuel Rideal, D.Sc. 
(Lond.), F.I.C. Fourteen Engravings. 344 pp. Demy 8vo. Price 
10s. 6d. net. (Post free, 10s. lOd. home ; lis. abroad.) 
Contents. 

Constitution and Properties: Definitions and Sources, Gelatine, Chondrin and Allied 
Bodies, Physical and Chemical Properties, Classification, Grades and Commercial Varieties 
— Raw Materials and Manufacture : Glue Stock, Lining, Extraction, Washing and Clari- 
fying, Filter Presses, Water Supply, Use of Alkalies, Action of Bacteria and of Antiseptics, 
Various Processes, Cleansing, Forming, Drying, Crushing, etc.. Secondary Products — Uses 
of Qlue : Selection and Preparation for Use, Carpentry, Veneering, Paper-Making, Book- 
binding, Printing Rollers, Hectographs, Match Manufacture, Sandpaper, etc.. Substitutes for 
other Materials, Artificial Leather and Caoutchouc — Gelatine : General Characters, Liquid 
Gelatine, Photographic Uses, Size, Tanno-, Chrome and Formo-Gelatine, Artificial Silk, 
Cements, Pneumatic Tyres, Culinary, Meat Extracts, Isinglass, Medicinal and other Uses, 
Bacteriology — Qlue Testing : Review of Processes, Chemical Examination, Adulteration, 
Physical Tests, Valuation of Raw Materials— Commercial Aspects. 

BONE PRODUCTS AND MANURES : An Account of the 
most recent Improvements in the Manufacture of Fat, Glue, Animal 
Charcoal, Size, Gelatine and Manures. By Thomas Lambert, Techni- 
cal and Consulting Chemist. Illustrated by Twenty-one Plans and 
Diagrams. 162 pp. Demy 8vo. Price 7s. 6d. net. (Post free, 7s. lOd. 
home ; 8s. abroad.) 

Contents. 

Chemical Composition of Bones — Arrangement of Factory — Properties of Glue — Glutin 
and Chondrin — Skin Glue — Liming of Skins — Washing — Boiling of Skins — Clarification of Glue 
Liquors — Glue-Boiling and Clarifying-House — Specification of a Glue — Size — Uses and Pre- 
paration and Composition of Size — Concentrated Size — Properties of Gelatine — Preparation 
of Skin Gelatine — Drying — Bone Gelatine — Selecting Bones — Crushing — Dissolving — Bleaching 
— Boiling — Properties of Glutin and Chondrin — Testing of Glues and Gelatines — The Uses of 
Glue, Gelatine and Size in Various Trades — Soluble and Liquid Glues — Steam and Waterproof 
Glues — Manures — Importation of Food Stuffs — Soils — Germination — Plant Life — Natural 
Manures — Water and Nitrogen in Farmyard Manure — Full Analysis of Farmyard Manure 
—Action on Crops — Water-Closet System — Sewage Manure — Green Manures — Artificial 
Manures — Mineral Manures — Nitrogenous Matters — Shoddy — Hoofs and Horns — Leather 
Waste — Dried Meat — Dried Blood — Superphosphates — Composition — Manufacture — Common 
Raw Bones — Degreased Bones — Crude Fat — Refined Fat — Degelatinised Bones — Animal 
Charcoal — Bone Superphosphates — Guanos — Dried Animal Products — Potash Compounds — 
Sulpl ate of Ammonia — Extraction n Vacuo — French and British Gelatines compared — Index. 



Chemicals, Waste Products and 
Agricultural Chiemistry. 

REISSUE OF CHEMICAL ESSAYS OF C. W. 
SCHEELE. First Published in English in 1786. Trans- 
lated from the Academy of Sciences at Stockholm, with Additions. 300 
pp. Demy 8vo. Price 5s. net. (Post free, 5s. 6d. home ; 5s. 9d. abroad.) 

Contents. 

Memoir: C. W. Scheele and his work (written for this edition by J. G. Mcintosh) — On 
Fluor Mineral and its Acid — On Fluor Mineral — Chemical Investigation of Fluor Acid, 
with a View to the Earth which it Yields, by Mr. Wiegler — Additional Information 
Concerning Fluor .Minerals — On Manganese, .Magnesium, or Magnesia Vitrariorum — On 
Arsenic and its Acid — Remarks upon Salts of Benzoin — On Silex, Clay and Alum — Analysis 
of the Calculus Vesical — .Method of Preparing .Mercurius Dulcis Via Humida — Cheaper and 
more Convenient Method of Preparing Pulvis Algarothi — Experiments upon Molybdana 
— Experiments on Plumbago — Method of Preparing a New Green Colour — Of the De- 
composition of Neutral Salts by Unslaked Lime and Iron — On the Quantity of Pure Air which 
is Daily Present in our Atmosphere — On Milk and its Acid — On the Acid of Saccharum Lactis 
— On the Constituent Parts of Lapis Ponderosus or Tungsten — Experiments and Observations 
on Ether — Index. 

THE MANUFACTURE OF ALUM AND THE SUL- 
PHATES AND OTHER SALTS OF ALUMINA AND 
IRON. Their Uses and Applications as Mordants in Dyeing 
and Calico Printing, and their other Applications in the Arts, Manufac- 
tures, Sanitary Engineering, Agriculture and Horticulture. Translated 
from the French of Lucien Geschwind. 195 Illustrations. 400 pp. 
Royal 8vo. Price 12s. 6d. net. (Post free, 13s. home ; 13s. 6d abroad.) 

Contents. 

Theoretical Study of Aluminium, Iron, and Compounds of these Metals- 
Aluminium and its Compounds — Iron and Iron Compounds. 

Manufacture of Aluminium Sulphates and Sulphates of Iron— .Manufacture of 

Aluminium Sulphate and the Alums — .Manufacture of Sulphates of Iron. 

Uses of the Sulphates of Aluminium and Iron — Uses of Aluminium Sulphate and 
Alums — Application to Wool and Silk— Preparing and using Aluminium Acetates — Employment 
of Aluminium Sulphate in Carbonising Wool — The Manufacture of Lake Pigments — .Manu- 
facture of Prussian Blue — Hide and Leather Industry — Paper .Making — Hardening Plaster — 
Lime Washes — Preparation of Non-inflammable Wood, etc. — Purification of Waste Waters 
— Uses and Applications of Ferrous Sulphate and Ferric Sulphates— Dyeing— Manu- 
facture of Pigments — Writing Inks — Purification of Lighting Gas — Agriculture — Cotton Dyeing 
— Disinfectant — Purifying Waste Liquors — .Manufacture of Nordhausen Sulphuric Acid — 
Fertilising. 

Chemical Characteristics of Iron and Aluminium— Analysis of Various Aluminous 
or Ferruginous Products — .-Xlummium — Analysing: Aluminium Products — Alunite 
Alumina — Sodium Aluminate — Aluminium Sulphate — Iron — Analytical Characteristics of Iron 
Salts — Analysis of Pyritic Lignite — Ferrous and Ferric Sulphates — Rouil Mordant — Index. 



AMMONIA AND ITS COMPOUNDS . Their Manufacture 
and Uses. By Ca.mille Vincent, Professor at the Central School of 
Arts and Manufactures, Paris. Translated from the French by M. J. 
Salter. Royal 8vo. 114 pp. Thirty-two Illustrations. Price5s.net. 
(Post free, 5s. 4d. home ; 5s. 6d. abroad.) 

Contents. 

General Considerations: Various Sources of Ammoniacal Products: Human Urine 
as a Source of Ammonia— Extraction of Ammoniacal Products from Sewag:e — 
Extraction of Ammonia from Gas Liquor— Manufacture of Ammoniacal Com- 
pounds from Bones, Nitrogfenous Waste, Beetroot Wash and Peat— Manufacture of 
Caustic Ammonia, and Ammonium Chloride, Phosphate and Carbonate — Recovery 
of Ammonia from the Ammonia-Soda Mother Liquors— Index. 



10 

INDUSTRIAL ALCOHOL. A Practical Manual on the 
Production and Use of Alcohol for Industrial Purposes and for Use as 
a Heating Agent, as an lUuminant and as a Source of Motive Power. 
By J. G. M'Intosh, Lecturer on Manufacture and Applications of 
Industrial Alcohol at The Polytechnic, Regent Street, London. 
Demy 8vo. 1907. 250 pp. With 75 Illustrations and 25 Tables. 
Price 7s. 6d. net. (Post free, 7s. 9d. home ; 8s. abroad.) 
Contents. 

Alcohol and its Properties. — Ethylic Alcohol — Absolute Alcohol— Adulterations — 
Properties of Alcohol — Fractional Distillation — Destructive Distillation — Products of Com- 
bustion — Alcoholometry — Proof Spirit — Analysis of Alcohol — Table showing Correspondence 
between the Specific Gravity and Per Cents, of Alcohol over and under Proof — Other 
Alcohol Tables. Continuous Aseptic and Antiseptic Fermentation and Sterilisation 
In Industrial Alcohol Manufacture. The Manufacture of Industrial Alcohol from 
Beets. — Beet Slicing Machines — Extraction of Beet Juice by Maceration, by Diffusion- 
Fermentation in Beet Distilleries — Plans of Modern Beet Distillery. The Manufacture of 
Industrial Alcohol from Grain. — Plan of Modern Grain Distillery. The Manufacture of 
Industrial Alcohol from Potatoes. The Manufacture of Industrial Alcohol from 
Surplus Stocks of Wine, Spoilt Wine, Wine Marcs, and from Fruit in General. The Manu- 
facture of Alcohol from the Sugar Cane and Sugar Cane Molasses — Plans. Plant, etc., 
for the Distillation and Rectification of Industrial Alcohol. — The Caffey and other 
"Patent" Stills — Intermittent versus Continuous Rectification — Continuous Distillation — 
Rectification of Spent Wash. The Manufacture and Uses of Various Alcohol 
Derivatives, Ether, Haloid Ethers, Compound Ethers, Chloroform^Methyl and Amyl 
Alcohols and their Ethereal Salts, Acetone — Barbet's Ether, .Methyl Alcohol and Acetone 
Rectifying Stills. The Uses of Alcohol in Manufactures, etc. — List of Industries in 
which Alcohol is used, with Key to Function of Alcohol in each Industry. The Uses of 
Alcohol for Lighting:, Heating, and Motive Power. 

ANALYSIS OP RESINS AND BALSAMS. Translated 
from the German of Dr. Karl Dieterich. Demy Svo. 340 pp. 
Price 7s. 6d. net. (Post free, 7s. lOd. home ; 8s. 3d. abroad.) 

MANUAL OF AGRICULTURAL CHEMISTRY. By 

Herbert Ingle, F.I.C, Lecturer on Agricultural Chemistry, the 
Yorkshire College; Lecturer in the Victoria University. 388 pp. 11 
Illustrations. Demy 8vo. Price 7s. 6d. net. (Post free, 8s. home ; 
8s. 6d. abroad.) 

Contents. 

Introduction — The Atmosphere — The Soil — The Reactions occurring in Soils — The 
Analysis of Soils — Manures, Natural — Manures (continued) — The Analysis of Manures — The 
Constituents of Plants — The Plant — Crops— The Animal — Foods and Feeding — Milk and Milk 
Products — The Analysis of Milk and Milk Products — Miscellaneous Products used in Agri- 
culture — Appendix — Index. 

THE UTILISATION OF WASTE PRODUCTS. A Treatise 

on the Rational Utilisation, Recovery and Treatment of Waste Pro- 
ducts of all kinds. By Dr. Theodor Koller. Translated from the 
Second Revised German Edition. Twenty-two Illustrations. Demy 
8vo. 280 pp. Price 7s. 6d. net. (Post free, 7s. lOd. home ; 8s. 3d. 
abroad.) 

Contents. 

The Waste of Towns — Ammonia and Sal-Ammoniac — Rational Processes for Obtaining 
these Substances by Treating Residues and Waste — Residues in the Manufacture of Aniline 
Dyes — Amber Waste — Brewers' Waste — Blood and Slaughter-House Refuse — Manufactured 
Fuels — Waste Paper and Bookbinders' Waste — Iron Slags — Excrement — Colouring Matters 
from Waste — Dyers' Waste Waters — Fat from Waste — Fish Waste — Calamine Sludge — 
Tannery Waste — Gold and Silver Waste — India-rubber and Caoutchouc Waste — Residues in 
the Manufacture of Rosin Oil — Wood Waste — Horn Waste — Infusorial Earth — Iridium from 
Goldsmiths' Sweepings — Jute Waste — Cork Waste — Leather Waste — Glue Makers' Waste 
— Illuminating Gas from Waste and the By-Products of the Manufacture of Coal Gas — 
Meerschum— Molasses — Metal Waste — By-Products in the Manufacture of Mineral Waters 
— Fruit — The By-Products of Paper and Paper Pulp Works — By-Products in the Treatment 
of Coal Tar Oils — Fur Waste — The Waste Matter in the Manufacture of Parchment Paper 
— Mother of Pearl Waste — Petroleum Residues — Platinum Residues — Broken Porcelain. 
Earthenware and Glass— Salt Waste— Slate Waste— Sulphur— Burnt Pyrites— Silk Waste — 
Soap Makers' Waste — Alkali Waste and the Recovery of Soda — Waste Produced in Grinding 
Mirrors — Waste Products in the Manufacture of Starch — Stearic Acid — Vegetable Ivory 
Waste— Turf— Waste Waters of Cloth Factories— Wine Residues— Tinplate Waste— Wool 
Waste — Wool Sweat — The Waste Liquids from Sugar Works — Index. 



11 
Writing Inks and Sealing Waxes. 

INK MANUFACTURE : Including Writing, Copying, Litho- 
graphic, Marking, Stamping, and Laundry Inks. BvSigmund Lehner. 
Three Illustrations. Crown 8vo. 162 pp. Translated from the German 
of the Fifth Edition. Price 5s. net. (Post free, 5s. 3d. home ; 5s. 6d. 
abroad.) 

Contents. 

Varieties of Ink — Writing Inks — Raw Materials of Tannin Inks — The Chemical Constitution 
of the Tannin Inks — Recipes for Tannin Inks — Logwood Tannin Inks — Ferric Inks — Alizarine 
Inks — Extract Inks — Logwood Inks — Copying Inks — Hektographs — Hektograph Inks — Safety- 
Inks — Ink Extracts and Powders — Preserving Inks — Changes in Ink and the Restoration of 
Faded Writing — Coloured Inks — Red Inks — Blue Inks — Violet Inks — Yellow Inks — Green 
Inks — Metallic Inks— Indian Ink — Lithographic Inks and Pencils — Ink Pencils — Marking Inks 
— Ink Specialities — Sympathetic Inks — Stamping Inks — Laundry or Washing Blue — Index 

SEALING-WAXES. WAFERS AND OTHER ADHES- 
IVES FOR THE HOUSEHOLD, OFFICE, WORK- 
SHOP AND FACTORY. By H. C. Staxdage. Crown 
8vo. 96 pp. Price 5s. net. (Post free, 5s. 3d. home; 5s. 6d. abroad.) 
Contents. 
.Materials Used for Making Sealing^ Waxes — The Manufacture of Sealing- Waxes — 
Wafers — Notes on the Nature of the Materials Used in Making Adhesive Compounds — Cements 
for Use in the Household — Office Gums, Pastes and Mucilages — Adhesive Compounds for 
Factory and Workshop Use. 

Lead Ores and Compounds. 

LEAD AND ITS COMPOUNDS. By Thos. Lambert, 
Technical and Consulting Chemist. Demy 8vo. 226 pp. Forty Illus- 
trations. Price 7s. 6d. net. (Post free, 7s. lOd. home ; 8s. 3d. abroad.) 

Contents. 

History — Ores of Lead — Geographical Distribution of the Lead Industrj- — Chemical and 
Physical Properties of Lead — Alloys of Lead — Compounds of Lead — Dressing of Lead Ores 
— Smelting of Lead Ores — Smelting in the Scotch or American Ore-hearth — Smelting in the 
Shaft or Blast Furnace — Condensation of Lead Fume — Desilverisation, or the Separation 
of Silver from Argentiferous Lead — Cupellation — The Manufacture of Lead Pipes and 
Sheets — Protoxide of Lead — Litharge and Massicot — Red Lead or Minium — Lead Poisoning 
— Lead Substitutes — Zinc and its Compounds — Pumice Stone — Dr>ing Oils and Siccatives 
— Oil of Turpentine Resin — Classification of Mineral Pigments — Analysis of Raw and Finished 
Products — Tables — I ndex. 

NOTES ON LEAD ORES : Their Distribution and Properties. 
By Jas. Fairie, F.G.S. Crown Svo. 64 pages. Price 2s. 6d. net. 
(Post free, 2s. 9d. home ; 3s. abroad.) 



Industrial Hygiene. 

THE RISKS AND DANGERS TO HEALTH OF VARI- 
OUS OCCUPATIONS AND THEIR PREVENTION. 

By Leonard A. Parry, M.D., B.Sc. (Lond.). 196 pp. Demy Svo. 
Price 7s. 6d. net. (Post free, 7s. lOd. home ; 8s. abroad.) 

Contents. 

Occupations which are Accompanied by the Generation and Scattering of Abnormal 
Quantities of Dust — Trades in which there is Danger of Metallic Poisoning — Certain Chemi- 
cal Trades — Some .Miscellaneous Occupations — Trades in which Various Poisonous Vapours 
are Inhaled — General Hygienic Considerations — Index. 



12 

Industrial Uses of Air, Steam and 

Water. 

DRYING BY MEANS OP AIR AND STEAM. Explana- 

tions, FormulzE, and Tables for Use in Practice. Translated from the 
German of E. Hausbrand. Two folding Diagrams and Thirteen Tables. 
Crown 8vo. 72 pp. Price 5s. net. (Post free, 5s. 3d. home; 5s. 6d. 
abroad.) 

Contents. 

British and Metric Systems Compared — Centigrade and Fahr. Thermometers — Estimation 
of the Maximum Weight of Saturated Aqueous Vapour which can be contained in 1 kilo, 
of Air at Different Pressure and Temperatures — Calculation of the Necessary Weight and 
Volume of Air, and of the Least Expenditure of Heat, pet Drying Apparatus with Heated 
Air, at the Atmospheric Pressure: A, With the Assumption that the Air is Completely Satur- 
ated with Vapour both before Entry and after Exit from the Apparatus — jB, When the 
Atmospheric Air is Completely Saturated before entry, but at its exit is only J, J or J Saturated 
— C, When the Atmospheric Air is not Saturated with Moisture before Entering the Drying 
Apparatus — Drying Apparatus, in which, in the Drying Chamber, a Pressure is Artificially 
Created, Higher or Lower than that of the Atmosphere — Drying by Means of Superheated 
Steam, without Air — Heating Surface, Velocity of the Air Current, Dimensions of the Drying 
Room, Surface of the Drying Material, Losses of Heat — Index. 

(See also " Evaporating, Condensing and Cooling Apparatus,'" p. 26.) 



PURE AIR, OZONE AND WATER. A Practical Treatise 

of their Utilisation and Value in Oil, Grease, Soap, Paint, Glue and 
other Industries. By W. B. Cowell. Twelve Illustrations. Crown 
8vo. 85 pp. Price 5s. net. (Post free, 5s. 3d. home ; 5s. 6d. abroad.) 

Contents. 

Atmospheric Air; Lifting of Liquids ; Suction Process; Preparing Blown Oils; Preparing 
Siccative Drying Oils — Compressed Air; Whitewash — Liquid Air; Retrocession — Purification 
of Water; Water Hardness — Fleshings and Bones — Ozonised Air in the Bleaching and De- 
odorising of Fats, Glues, etc.; Bleaching Textile Fibres — Appendix: Air and Gases; Pressure 
of Air at Various Temperatures; Fuel; Table of Combustibles; Saving of Fuel by Heating 
Feed Water; Table of Solubilities of Scale Making Minerals; British Thermal Units Tables ; 
Volume of the Flow of Steam into the Atmosphere ; Temperature of Steam — Index. 



THE INDUSTRIAL USES OF WATER. COMPOSI- 
TION — EFFECTS— TROUBLES — REMEDIES— RE- 
SIDUARY WATERS— PURIFICATION— ANALYSIS. 

By H. DE LA Coux. Royal 8vo. Translated from the French and 
Revised by Arthur Morris. 364 pp. 135 Illustrations. Price 10s. 6d. 
net. (Post free, lis. home; lis. 6d. abroad.) 

Contents. 

Chemical Action of Water in Nature and in Industrial Use — Composition of Waters — 
Solubility of Certain Salts in Water Considered from the Industrial Point of View — Effects on 
the Boiling of Water— Effects of Water in the Industries— Difficulties with Water— Feed 
Water for Boilers — Water in Dyeworks, Print Works, and Bleach Works — Water in the 
Textile Industries and in Conditioning — Water in Soap Works — Water in Laundries and 
Washhouses — Water in Tanning — Water in Preparing Tannin and Dyewood Extracts — Water 
in Papermaking — Water in Photography — Water in Sugar Refining — Water in Making Ices 
and Beverages — Water in Cider Making — Water in Brewing— Water in Distilling — Preliminary 
Treatment and Apparatus — Substances Used for Preliminary Chemical Purification — Com- 
mercial Specialities and their Employment — Precipitation of Matters in Suspension in Water 
— Apparatus for the Preliminary Chemical Purification of Water — Industrial F'ilters — Indus- 
trial Sterilisation of Water — Residuary Waters and their Purification — Soil Filtration — 
Purification by Chemical Processes — Analyses — Index. 

{See Books on Smoke Prevention, Engineering and Metallurgy, p. 26, etc.) 



13 



X Rays. 



PRACTICAL X RAY WORK. By Frank T. Addyman, 
B.Sc. (Lond.), F.I.C., Member of the Roentgen Society of London; 
Radiographer to St. George's Hospital ; Demonstrator of Physics and 
Chemistry, and Teacher of Radiography in St. George's Hospital 
Medical School. Demy 8vo. Twelve Plates from Photographs of X Ray 
Work. Fifty-two Illustrations. 200 pp. Pricel0s.6d.net. (Post free, 
10s. lOd. home; lis. 3d. abroad.) 

Contents. 

Historical — Work leading up to the Discovery of the X Rays — The Discovery — Appara- 
tus and its Manag-ement— Electrical Terms— Sources of Electricity— Induction Coils- 
Electrostatic Machines — Tubes — Air Pumps — Tube Holders and Stereoscopic Apparatus — 
Fluorescent Screens— Practical X Ray Work— Installations— Radioscopy— Radiography— 
X Rays in Dentistry — X Rays in Chemistry — X Rays in War — Index. 

List of Plates. 

Frontispiece — Congenital Dislocation of Hip-Joint. — I., Needle in Finger. — II., Needle in 
Foot.— III., Revolver Bullet in Calf and Leg.— IV., A Method of Localisation.— V, Stellate 
Fracture of Patella showing shadow of "Strapping". — VI., Sarcoma. — VII., Six-weeks-old 
Injury to Elbow showing new Growth of Bone.— VIII., Old Fracture of Tibia and Fibula 
badly set. — IX., Heart Shadow.— X., Fractured Femur showing Grain of Splint.— XI.. Bar- 
ren's Method of Localisation. 

India-Rubber and Gutta Percha. 

INDIA-RUBBER AND GUTTA PERCHA. Translated 
from the French of T. Seeligmann, G. La.my Torvilhon and H. 
Falconnet by John Geddes McIntosh. Royal 8vo. 

[Out of print. Second Edition in preparation. 

Contents. 

India- Rubber— Botanical Origin — Climatology— Soil— Rational Culture and Acclimation 
of the Different Spe;ies of India-Rubber Plants — Methods of Obtaining the Latex — Methods 
of Preparing Raw or Crude India-Rubber — Classification of the Commercial Species of 
Raw Rubber — Physical and Chemical Properties of the Latex and of India-Rubber — 
Mechanical Transformation of Natural Caoutchouc into Washed or Normal Caoutchouc 
(Purification) and Normal Rubber into Masticated Rubber — Softening, Cutting, Washing, 
Drying — Preliminary Observations — Vulcanisation of Normal Rubber — Chemical and Physical 
Properties of Vulcanised Rubber — General Considerations — Hardened Rubber or Ebonite — 
Considerations on Mineralisation and other Mixtures — Coloration and Dyeing — Analysis 
of Natural or Normal Rubber and Vulcanised Rubber — Rubber Substitutes — Imitation Rubber. 

Gutta Percha— Botanical Origin— Climatology— Soil— Rational Culture— Methods of 
Collection — Classification of the Different Species of Commercial Gutta Percha — Physical 
and Chemical Properties — Mechanical Transformation — Methods of Analysing — Gutta Percha 
Substitutes — Index. 

Leather Trades. 

PRACTICAL TREATISE ON THE LEATHER IN- 
DUSTRY. By A. M. Villon. Translated by Frank T. 
Addyman, B.Sc. (Lond.), F.I.C., F.C.S. ; and Corrected by an Emi- 
nent Member of the Trade. 500 pp., royal 8vo. 123 Illustrations. 
Price 21s. net. (Post free, 21s. 6d. home ; 22s. 6d. abroad.) 
Contents. 

Preface — Translator's Preface — List of Illustrations. 

Part I., Materials used in Tanning: — Skins: Skin and its Structure; Skins used in 
Tanning; Various Skins and their Uses — Tannin and Tanning Substances: Tannin; Barks 
(Oak); Barks other than Oak; Tanning Woods; Tannin-bearing Leaves; Excrescences; 
Tan-bearing Fruits; Tan-bearing Roots and Bulbs; Tanning Juices; Tanning Substances 
used in Various Countries; Tannin Extracts; Estimation of Tannin and Tannin Principles. 

Part II., Tannins — The Installation of a Tannery: Tan Furnaces; Chimneys, Boilers, 
etc.; Steam Engines — Grinding and Trituration of Tanning Substances: Cutting up Bark; 
Grinding Bark; The Grinding of Tan Woods; Powdering Fruit, Galls and Grains; Notes on 
the Grinding of Bark — xManufacture of Sole Leather: Soaking; Sweating and Unhairing; 
Plumping and Colouring; Handling; Tanning; Tanning Elephants' Hides; Drying; 
Striking or Pinning — Manufacture of Dressing Leather: Soaking; Depilation; New Pro- 
cesses for the Depilation of Skins; Tanning; Cow Hides; Horse Hides; Goat Skins; Manu- 



14 

facture of Split Hides — On Various Methods of Tanning: Mechanical Methods; Physical 
Methods; Chemical Methods; Tanning with Extracts — Quantity and Quality; Quantity; 
Net Cost; Quality of Leather — Various Manipulations of Tanned Leather: Second Tanning ; 
Grease Stains; Bleaching Leather; Waterproofing Leather; Weighting Tanned Leather; 
Preservation of Leather — Tanning Various Skins. 

Part IIL, Currying — Waxed Calf: Preparation; Shaving; Stretching or Slicking; 
Oiling the Grain ; Oiling the Flesh Side; Whitening and Graining; Waxing; Finishing; Dry 
Finishing; Finishing in Colour; Cost — White Calf: Finishing in White — Cow Hide for 
Upper Leathers: Black Cow Hide; White Cow Hide; Coloured Cow Hide — Smooth Cow 
Hide — Black Leather — Miscellaneous Hides: Horse; Goat; Waxed Goat Skin; Matt Goat 
Skin — Russia Leather: Russia Leather; Artificial Russia Leather. 

Part IV., Enamelled, Hungary and Chamoy Leather, Morocco, Parchment, Furs 
and Artificial Leather — Enamelled Leather : Varnish Manufacture ; Application of the 
Enamel; Enamelling in Colour — Hungary Leather: Preliminary; Wet Work or Prepara- 
tion; Aluming; Dressing or Loft Work; Tallowing; Hungary Leather from Various Hides 
— Tawing: Preparatory Operations; Dressing; Dyeing Tawed Skins; Rugs — Chamoy Leather 
— Morocco: Preliminary Operations; Morocco Tannmg ; Mordants used in Morocco Manu- 
facture; Natural Colours used in iVIorocco Dyeing; Artificial Colours; Different Methods 
of Dyeing; Dyeing with Natural Colours; Dyeing with Aniline Colours; Dyeing with 
Metallic Salts; Leather Printing ; Finishing Morocco ; Shagreen ; Bronzed Leather — Gilding 
and Silvering: Gilding; Silvering; Nickel and Cobalt — Parchment — Furs and Furriery: 
Preliminary Remarks; Indigenous Furs; Foreign Furs from Hot Countries; Foreign Furs 
from Cold Countries; Furs from Birds' Skins; Preparation of Furs; Dressing; Colouring; 
Preparation of Birds' Skins; Preservation of Furs — Artificial Leather : Leather made from 
Scraps; Compressed Leather; American Cloth ; Papier M&che ; Linoleum ; Artificial Leather. 

Part v., Leather Testing and the Theory of Tanning — Testing and Analysis of Leather : 
Physical Testing of Tanned Leather; Chemical Analysis — The Theory of Tanning and the 
other Operations of the Leather and Skin Industry: Theory of Soaking; Theory of Un- 
hairing; Theory of Swelling; Theory of Handling; Theory of Tanning; Theory of the 
Action of Tannin on the Skin; Theory of Hungary Leather Making; Theory of Tawing; 
Theory of Chamoy Leather Making; Theory of Mineral Tanning. 

Part VI., Uses of Leather — Machine Belts: Manufacture of Belting; Leather Chain 
Belts ; Various Belts ; Use of Belts — Boot and Shoe-making : Boots and Shoes ; Laces — 
Saddlery: Composition of a Saddle; Construction of a Saddle — Harness: The Pack Saddle; 
Harness— Military Equipment — Glove Making — Carriage Building — Mechanical Uses. 

Appendix, The World's Commerce in Leather — Europe; America; Asia; Africa; 
Australasia — Index 

THE LEATHER WORKER'S MANUAL. Being a Com- 
pendium of Practical Recipes and Working Formulas for Curriers, 
Bootmakers, Leather Dressers, Blacking Manufacturers, Saddlers, 
Fancy Leather Workers. By H. C. Standage. Demy 8vo. 165 pp. 
Price 7s. 6d. net. (Post free, 7s. lOd. home ; 8s. abroad.) 

Contents. 

Blackings, Polishes, Glosses, Dressings, Renovators, etc., for Boot and Shoe Leather — 
Harness Blackings, Dressings, Greases, Compositions, Soaps, and Boot-top Powders and 
Liquids, etc., etc.— Leather Grinders' Sundries — Currier's Seasonings, Blacking Compounds, 
Dressings, Finishes, Glosses, etc. — Dyes and Stains for Leather — Miscellaneous Information 
— Chrome Tannage — Index. 

Books on Pottery, Bricks, 
Tiles, Glass, etc. 

THE MANUAL OF PRACTICAL POTTING. Compiled 
by E.xperts, and Edited by Chas. F. Binns. Revised Third Edition 
and Enlarged. 200 pp. Price 17s, 6d. net. (Post free, 17s. lOd. home ; 
IBs. 3d. abroad.) 

Contents. 

Introduction. The Rise and Progress of the Potter's Art — Bodies. China and Porcelain 
Bodies, Parian Bodies, Semi-porcelain and Vitreous Bodies, Mortar Bodies, Earthenwares 
Granite and C.C. Bodies, Miscellaneous Bodies, Sagger and Crucible Clays, Coloured 
Bodies, Jasper Bodies, Coloured Bodies for Mosaic Pamting, Encaustic Tile Bodies, Body 
Stains, Coloured Dips — Glazes. China Glazes, Ironstone Glazes, Earthenware Glazes, 
Glazes without Lead, Miscellaneous Glazes, Coloured Glazes, Majolica Colours — Gold and 
Gold Colours. Gold, Purple of Cassius, Marone and Ruby, Enamel Coloured Bases, 
Enamel Colour Fluxes, Enamel Colours, Mixed Enamel Colours, Antique and Vellum 
Enamel Colours, Underglaze Colours, Underglaze Colour Fluxes, Mixed Underglaze Colours, 
Flow Powders, Oils and Varnishes — Means and Methods. Reclamation of Waste Gold, 
The Use of Cobalt, Notes on Enamel Colours, Liquid or Bright Gold — Classification and 
Analysis. Classification of Clay Ware, Lord Playfair's Analysis of Clays, The Markets of 



15 

the World, Time and Scale o» Firing, Weights of Potter's Material, Decorated Goods 
Count— Comparative Loss of Weight of Clays— Ground Felspar Calculations— The Conver- 
sion of Slop Body Recipes into Dry Weight— The Cost of Prepared Earthenware Clay- 
Forms and Tables. Articles of Apprenticeship, Manufacturer's Guide to Stocktaking, 
Table of Relative Values of Potter's Materials, Hourly Wages Table, Workman's Settling 
Table, Comparative Guide for Earthenware and China Manufacturers in the use of Slop Flint 
and Slop Stone, Foreign Terms applied to Earthenware and China Goods, Table for the 
Conversion of Metrical Weights and Pleasures on the Continent and South America— Index. 

CERAMIC TECHNOLOGY : Being some Aspects of Tech- 
nical Science as Applied to Pottery Manufacture. Edited by Charles 
F. BiNNS. 100 pp. Demy 8vo. Price 12s. 6d. net. (Post free, 
12s. lOd. home; 13s. abroad.) 

Contents. 

Preface— The Chemistry of Pottery — Analysis and Synthesis — Clays and their Com- 
ponents — "The Biscuit Oven — Pyrometry — Glazes and their Composition — Colours and 
Colour-making — Index. 

A TREATISE ON THE CERAMIC INDUSTRIES. A 

Complete Manual for Pottery, Tile and Brick Works. By Emile 
BouRRY. Translated from the French by Wilton P. Rix, Examiner 
in Pottery and Porcelain to the City and Guilds of London Technical 
Institute, Pottery Instructor to the Hanley School Board. Royal 
8vo. 760 pp. 323 Illustrations. Price21s.net. (Post free, 22s. home ; 
24s. abroad.) 

Contents. 

Part I., General Pottery iVlethods. Definition and History. Definitions and Classifi- 
cation of Ceramic Products — Historic Summary of the Ceramic Art — Raw Materials of 
Bodies. Clays: Pure Clay and Natural Clays — Various Raw Materials: Analogous to Clay — 
Agglomerative and Agglutinative — Opening — Fusible — Refractory — Trials of Raw Materials 
— Plastic Bodies. Properties and Composition — Preparation of Raw Materials: Disaggrega- 
tion — Purification — Preparation of Bodies : By Plastic Method — By Dry Method — By Liquid 
Method — Formation. Processes of Formation : Throwing — Expression — Moulding by Hand, 
on the Jolley, by Compression, by Slip Casting — Slapping — Slipping — Drying. Drying of 
Bodies — Processes of Drying : By Evaporation — By Aeration — By Heating — By Ventilation 
—By Absorption — Glazes. Composition and Properties — Raw Materials — Manufacture 
and Application — Firing. Properties of the Bodies and Glazes during Firing — Description 
of the Kilns — Working of the Kilns — Decoration. Colouring Materials — Processes of 
Decoration. 

Part n.. Special Pottery Methods. Terra Cottas. Classification: Plain Ordinary, 
Hollow, Ornamental, Vitrified, and Light Bricks — Ordinary and Black Tiles — Paving Tiles — 
Pipes — Architectural Terra Cottas — Vases, Statues and Decorative Objects — Common Pottery 
— Pottery for Water and Filters — Tobacco Pipes — Lustre Ware — Properties and Tests for 
Terra Cottas — Fireclay Goods. Classification : Argillaceous, Aluminous, Carboniferous, 
Silicious and Basic Fireclay Goods — Fireclay Mortar (Pug) — Tests for Fireclay Goods — 
Faiences. Varnished Faiences — Enamelled Faiences — Silicious Faiences — Pipeclay Faiences 
— Pebble Work — Feldspathic Faiences — Composition, Processes of Manufacture and General 
Arrangements of Faience Potteries — Stoneware. Stoneware Properly So-called : Paving 
Tiles— Pipes — Sanitary Ware — Stoneware for Food Purposes and Chemical Productions — 
Architectural Stoneware — Vases, Statues and other Decorative Objects — Fine Stoneware 
— Porcelain. Hard Porcelain for Table Ware and Decoration, for the Fire, for Electrical 
Conduits, for Mechanical Purposes ; Architectural Porcelain, and Dull or Biscuit Porcelain — 
Soft Phosphated or English Porcelain — Soft Vitreous Porcelain, French and New Sevres — 
Argillaceous Soft or Seger's Porcelain — Dull Soft or Parian Porcelain — Dull Feldspathic 
Soft Porcelain — Index. 

POTTERY DECORATING. By R. Hainbach. Translated 
from the German. Crown 8vo. 22 Illustrations. Deals with Glazes, 
Colours, etc. [In the Press. 

ARCHITECTURAL POTTERY. Bricks, Tiles, Pipes, Ena- 
melled Terra-cottas, Ordinary and Incrusted Quarries, Stoneware 
Mosaics, Faiences and Architectural Stoneware. By Leon Lefevre. 
With Five Plates. 950 Illustrations in the Text, and numerous estimates. 
500 pp., royal Svo. Translated from the French by K. H. Bird, M.A., 
and W. Moore Binns. Price 15s. net. (Post free, 15s. 6d. home ; 
16s. 6d. abroad.) 

Contents. 
Part I. Plain Undecorated Pottery.— Clays, Bricks, Tiles, Pipes, Chimney! Flues, 
Terra-cotta. 

Part II. Made-up or Decorated Pottery. 



16 

THE ART OF RIVETING GLASS, CHINA AND 
EARTHENWARE, By J. Howarth. Second Edition. 
Paper Cover. Price Is. net; by post, home or abroad, Is. Id. 

NOTES ON POTTERY CLAYS. Their Distribution, Pro- 
perties, Uses and Analyses of Ball Clays, China Clays and China 
Stone. By Jas. Fairie, F.G.S. 132 pp. Crown 8vo. Price 3s. 6d. 
net. (Post free, 3s. 9d. home ; 3s. lOd. abroad.) 

A Reissue of 
THE HISTORY OF THE STAFFORDSHIRE POTTER- 
IES ; AND THE RISE AND PROGRESS OF THE 
MANUFACTURE OF POTTERY AND PORCELAIN. 

With References to Genuine Specimens, and Notices of Eminent Pot- 
ters. By Simeon Shaw. (Originally Published in 1829.) 265 pp. 
Demy Svo. Price 7s. 6d. net. (Post free, 7s. lOd. home ; 8s. 3d. abroad.) 
Contents. 

Introductory Chapter showing the position of the Pottery Trade at the present time 
(1899) — Preliminary l^emarl<s — The Potteries, comprising Tunstall, Brownhills, Green- 
field and New Field, Golden Hill, Latebrook, Green Lane, Burslem, Longport and Dale Hall, 
Hot Lane and Cobridge, Hanley and Shelton, Etruria, Stoke, Penkhull, Fenton, Lane Delph, 
Foley, Lane End — On the Origin of the Art, and its Practice among the early Nations — 
Manufacture of Pottery, prior to 1700 — The introduction of Red Porcelain by Messrs. 
Elers, of Bradwell, 1690 — Progress of the Manufacture from 1700 to Mr. Wedgwood's 
commencement in 1760 — Introduction of Fluid QIaze — Extension of the Manufacture of 
Cream Colour — Mr. Wedgwood's Queen's Ware — Jasper, and Appointment of Potter to Her 
Majesty — Black Printing — Introduction of Porcelain. Mr. W. Littler's Porcelain — Mr. 
Cookworthy's Discovery of Kaolin and Petuntse, and Patent — Sold to Mr. Champion — re- 
sold to the New Hall Com. — Extension of Term — Blue Printed Pottery. Mr. Turner, Mr. 
Spode (1), Mr. Baddeley, Mr. Spode (2), Messrs. Turner, Mr. Wood, Mr. Wilson, Mr. Minton — 
Great Change in Patterns of Blue Printed — Introduction of Lustre Pottery. Improve- 
ments in Pottery and Porcelain subsequent to 1800. 

A Reissue of 
THE CHEMISTRY OF THE SEVERAL NATURAL 
AND ARTIFICIAL HETEROGENEOUS COM- 
POUNDS USED IN MANUFACTURING POR- 
CELAIN, GLASS AND POTTERY. By Simeon Shaw. 
(Originally published in 1837.) 750 pp. Royal 8vo. Pricel4s.net. (Post 
free, 15s. home; 17s. abroad.) 

Glassware, Glass Staining and 
Painting, 

RECIPES FOR FLINT GLASS MAKING. By a British 
Glass Master and Mixer. Sixty Recipes. Being Leaves from the 
Mixing Book of several experts in the Flint Glass Trade, containing 
up-to-date recipes and valuable information as to Crystal, Demi-crystal 
and Coloured Glass in its many varieties. It contains the recipes for 
cheap metal suited to pressing, blowing, etc., as well as the most costly 
crystal and ruby. Crown Svo. Price 10s. 6d. net. (Post free, 10s. 9d. 
home ; 10s. lOd. abroad.) 

Contents. 

Ruby — Ruby from Copper — Flint for using with the Ruby for Coating — A German Metal — 
Cornelian, or Alabaster — Sapphire Blue — Crysophis — -Opal — Turquoise Blue — Gold Colour — 
Dark Green — Green (common) — Green for Malachite — Blue for Malachite — Black for Mela- 
chite — Black — Common Canary Batch — Canary — White Opaque Glass — Sealing-wax Red — 
Flint — Flint Glass (Crystal and Demi) — Achromatic Glass — Paste Glass — White Enamel — 
Firestone — Dead Whiie (for moons) — White Agate — Canary — Canary Enamel — Index. 



17 

A TREATISE ON THE ART OF GLASS PAINTING. 

Prefaced with a Review of Ancient Glass. By Ernest R. Suffling. 
With One Coloured Plate and Thirty-seven Illustrations. Demy 8vo. 
140 pp. Price 7s. 6d. net. , (Post free, 7s. lOd. home ; 8s. abroad.) 

Contents. 

A Short History of Stained Glass — Designing Scale Drawings^ — Cartoons and the Cut Line 
— Various Kinds of Glass Cutting for Windows — The Colours and Brushes used in Glass 
Painting — Painting on Glass, Dispersed Patterns — Diapered Patterns — Aciding — Firing — 
Fret Lead Glazing — Index. 

PAINTING ON GLASS AND PORCELAIN AND 
ENAMEL PAINTING. A Complete Introduction to the 
Preparation of all the Colours and Fluxes used for Painting on Porce- 
lain, Enamel, Faience and Stoneware, the Coloured Pastes and Col- 
oured Glasses, together with a Minute Description of the Firing of 
Colours and Enamels. By Feli.x Hermann, Technical Chemist. With 
Eighteen Illustrations. 300 pp. Translated from the German second 
and enlarged Edition. Price 10s. 6d. net. (Post free, 10s. lOd. home ; 
lis. abroad.) 

Paper Making, Paper Dyeing, 
and Testing, 

THE DYEING OF PAPER PULP. A Practical Treatise for 
the use of Papermakers, Paperstainers, Students and others. By 
Julius Erfurt, Manager of a Paper Mill. Translated into English 
and Edited with Additions by Julius Hubner, F.C.S., Lecturer on 
Papermaking at the Manchester Municipal Technical School. With 
Illustrations and 157 patterns of paper dyed in the pulp. Royal 
8vo, 180 pp. Price 15s. net. (Post free, 15s. 6d. home ; 16s. 6d. abroad.) 

Contents. 

Behaviour of the Paper Fibres during- the Process of Dyeing, Theory of the 
Mordant — Colour Fixing Mediums (Mordants)— Influence of the Quality of the Water 
Used — Inorganic Colours— Organic Colours — Practical Application of the Coal Tar 
Colours according to their Properties and their Behaviour towards the Different 
Paper Fibres— Dyed Patterns on Various Pulp Mixtures— Dyeing to Shade — Index. 

THE PAPER MILL CHEMIST. By Henry P. Stevens, 
M.A., Ph.D., F.I.C. Royal 12mo. 60 Illustrations. [In the press. 
Contents. 

Introduction. — Dealing with the Apparatus required in Chemical Work and General 
Chemical .Manipulation, introducing the subject of Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis. 
Fuels.— Analysis of Coal, Coke and other Fuels — Sampling and Testmg for .Moisture, Ash, 
Calorific Value, etc. — Comparative Heating Value of different Fuels and Relative Efficiency. 
Water. — Analysis for Steam Raising and for Paper Making Purposes generally — Water 
Softening and Purification — A List of the more important Water Softening Plant, giving 
Power required. Weight, Space Occupied, Out-put and Appro-ximate Cost, Raw Materials 
and Detection of Adulterants— Analysis and Valuation of the more important Chemicals 
used in Paper Making, including Lime, Caustic Soda, Sodium Carbonate, .Mineral Acids, 
Bleach Antichlor, Alum, Rosin and Rosin Size, Glue Gelatin and Casein, Starch, China Clay, 
Blanc Fixe, Satin White and other Loading .Materials, Mineral Colours and Aniline Dyes. 
Manufacturing Operations. — Rags and the Chemical Control of Rag Boiling — Esparto 
Boiling — Wood Boiling— Testing Spent Liquors and Recovered Ash — Experimental Tests 
with Raw Fibrous Materials — Boiling in Autoclaves — Bleaching and making up Hand Sheets 
— Examination of Sulphite Liquors — Estimation of .Moisture in Pulp and Half-stuff — Recom 
mendations of the British Wood Pulp Association. Finished Products. — Paper Testing, 
including Physical, Chemical and Microscopical Tests, Area, Weight, Thickness, Apparent 
Specific Gravity, Bulk or Air Space. Determination of Machine Direction, Thickness, 
Strength, Stretch, Resistance to Crumpling and Friction, Transparency, .Absorbency and 
other qualities of Blotting Papers — Determination of the Permeability of Filtering Papers — 
Detection and Estimation of Animal and Vegetable Size in Paper — Sizing Qualities of 
Paper — Fibrous Constituents — .Microscopical Examination of Fibres — The Effect of Beating 
on Fibres — Staining Fibres — .Mineral Matter — .Ash — Qualitative and Quantitative Examina- 
tion of Mineral Matter— Examination of Coated Papers and Colouring Matters in Paper. 



18 
CONTENTS OF "THE TESTING OF PAPER''— continued. 

Tables. — English and Metrical Weights and Measures with Equivalents — Conversion of 
Grams to Grains and vice versa — Equivalent Costs per lb., c\vt.,and ton — Decimal Equivalents 
of lbs., qrs., and cwts. — Thermometric and Barometric Scales — Atomic Weights and Molecular 
Weights — Factors for Calculating the Percentage of Substance Sought from the Weight of 
Substance Found — Table of Solubilities of Substances Treated of in Paper Making — Specific 
Gravity Tables of such substances as are used in Paper Making, including Sulphuric Acid, 
Hydrochloric Acid, Bleach, Milk of Lime, Caustic Soda, Carbonate of Soda, etc., giving 
Percentage Strength with Specific Gravity and Degrees Tw. — Hardness Table for Soap 
Tests — Dew Point — Wet and Dry Bulb Tables — Properties of Saturated Steam, giving 
Temperature, Pressure and Volume — List of Different Machines used in the Paper Making 
Industry, giving Size, Weight, Space Occupied, Power to Drive, Out-put and Approximate 
Cost — Calculation of Moisture in Pulp — Rag-Boiling Tables, giving Percentages of Lime, 
Soda and Time required — Loss in Weight in Rags and other Raw Materials during Boiling 
and Bleaching — Conditions of Buying and Selling as laid down by the Paper Makers' Associa- 
tion. — Table of Names and Sizes of Papers — Table for ascertaining the Weight per Ream from 
the Weight per Sheet — Calculations of Areas and Volumes — Logarithms — Blank pages for 
Notes. 

THE TREATMENT OP PAPER FOR SPECIAL 
PURPOSES. By L. E. And^s. Translated from the 
German. Crown 8vo. 48 Illustrations. 250 pp. [/k the Press. 

Contents. 

I., Parchment Paper, Vegetable Parchment. — The Parchment Paper Machine — 
Opaque Supple Parchment Paper — Thick Parchment — Krugler's Parchment Paper and Parch- 
ment Slates — Double and Triple Osmotic Parchment — Utilising Waste Parchment Paper — 
Parchmented Linen and Cotton — Parchment Millboard — Imitation Horn and Ivory from 
Parchment Paper — Imitation Parchment Paper — Artificial Parchment — Testing the Sulphuric 
Acid. II., Papers for Transfer Pictures. 111., Papers for Preservative and Packing- 
Purposes. — -Butter Paper — Wax Paper — Paraffin Paper — Wrapping Paper for Silverware — 
Waterproof Paper — Anticorrosive Paper. IV., Grained Transfer Papers. V., Fireproof and 
Antifalsification Papers. VI., Paper Articles. — Vulcanised Paper Mach^— Paper Bottles — 
Plastic Articles of Paper — Waterproof Coverings for Walls and Ceilings — Paper Wheels, 
Roofing and Boats — Pai er Barrels — Paper Boxes — Paper Horseshoes. VII., Gummed Paper. 
VIII., Hectograph Papers. IX., Insecticide Papers. — Fly Papers — Moth Papers. X., 
Chalk and Leather Papers.— Glace Chalk Paper — Leather Paper — Imitation Leather. 
XI., Luminous Papers^Blue-Print Papers — Blotting Papers. XII., Metal Papers — Medi- 
cated Papers. XIII., Marbled Papers. XIV., Tracing and Copymg Papers — Iridiscent or 
Mother of Pearl Papers. XV., Photographic Papers — Shellac Paper — Fumigating Papers — 
Test Papers. XVI., Papers for Cleaning and Polishing Purposes — Glass Paper — 
Pumic Paper — Emery Paper. XVII., Lithographic Transfer Papers. XIX., Sundry 
Special Papers — Satin Paper — Enamel Paper — Cork Paper— Split Paper — Electric Paper — 
Paper Matches — Magic Pictures — Laundry Blue Papers — Blue Paper for Bleachers. XX., 
Waterproof Papers — Washable Drawing Papers — Washable Card — Washable Coloured Paper 
—Waterproof Millboard— Sugar Paper. XXL, The Characteristics of Paper— Paper Testing. 

Enamelling on Metal. 

ENAMELS AND ENAMELLING. For Enamel Makers, 
Workers in Gold and Silver, and Manufacturers of Objects of Art. 
By Paul Randau. Translated from the German. With Sixteen Illus- 
trations. Demy Svo. 180 pp. Price 10s. 6d. net, (Post free, 10s. lOd. 
home ; lis. abroad.) 

THE ART OP ENAMELLING ON METAL. By W. 

Norman Brown. Twenty-eight Illustrations. Crown 8vo. 60 pp. 
Price 2s. 6d. net. (Post free, 2s. 9d. home and abroad.) 

Silk Manufacture. 

SILK THROWING AND WASTE SILK SPINNING. 

By HoLLiNS Rayner. Demy Svo. 170 pp. 117 Illus. Price5s.net. 
(Post free, 5s. 4d. home ; 5s. 6d. abroad.) 
Contents. 

The Silkworm— Cocoon Reeling and Qualities of Silk— Silk Throwing— Silk Wastes— The 
Preparation of Silk Waste for Degumming— Silk Waste Degumming, Schapping and Dis- 
charging—The Opening and Dressing of Wastes— Silk Waste " Dr.awing " or "Preparing" 
Machinery— Long Spinning— Short Spinning— Spinning and Finishing Processes—Utilisation 
of Wasce Products— Noil Spinning — Exhaust Noil Spinning. 



19 

Books on Textile and Dyeing 
Subjects. 

THE CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY OF TEXTILE 
FIBRES : Their Origin, Structure, Preparation, Washing, 
Bleaching, Dyeing, Printing and Dressing. By Dr. Georg von 
Georgievics. Translated from the German by Charles Salter. 
320 pp. Forty-seven Illustrations. Royal 8vo. Price 10s. 6d. net. 
(Post free, lis. home ; lis. 3d. abroad.) 

Contents. 
The Textile Fibres— Washing:, Bleaching-, Carbonising: — Mordants and lVlor= 
danting-— Dyeing— Printing— Dressing- and Finishing. 

POWER-LOOM WEAVING AND YARN NUMBERING, 

According to Various Systems, with Conversion Tables. Translated 
from the German of Anthon Gruner. With Twenty-Six Diag^rams 
in Colours. 150 pp. Crown 8vo. Price 7s. 6d. net. (Post free, 
7s. 9d. home ; 8s. abroad.) 

Contents. 

Power=Looni Weaving in General. Various Systems of Looms — Mounting and 
Starting the Power=Loom. Enj>lish Looms — Tappet or Treadle Looms — Uobbies — 
General Remarks on the Numbering, Reeling and Packing of Yarn— Appendix— Useful 

Hints. Calculating Warps — Weft Calculations — Calculations of Cost Price in Hanks. 

TEXTILE RAW MATERIALS AND THEIR CON- 
VERSION INTO YARNS. (The Study of the Raw 
Materials and the Technology of the Spinning Process.) By Julius 
Zipser. Translated from German by Charles Salter. 302 Illus- 
trations. 500 pp. Demy Svo. Price 10s. 6d. net. (Post free, lis. 
home ; lis. 6d. abroad.) 

Contents. 
PART I.— The Raw Materials Used in the Textile Industry. 
Mineral Raw Materials. VEOKfABLE Raw MA-rtRiALs. Animal Raw Materials. 
PART II. — The Technology of Spinning or the Conversion of Textile Raw 
Materials into Yarn. 
Spinning Vegetable Raw Mati rials. Cotton Spinning — Installation of a Cotton 
Mill — Spinning Waste Cotton and Waste Cotton Yarns — Flax Spinning — Fine Spinning — Tow- 
Spinning — Hemp Spinning — Spinning Hemp Tow String — Jute Spinning — Spinning Jute Line 
Yarn — Utilising Jute Waste. 

PART III.— Spinning Animal Raw Materials. 

Spinning Carded Woollen Yarn — Finishing Yarn — Worsted Spinning — Finishing Worsted 
Yarn — Artificial Wool or Shoddy Spinning — Shoddy and Mungo Manufacture — Spinning 
Shoddy and other Wool Substitutes — Spinning Waste Silk — Chappe Silk — Fine Spinning — 
index. 

GRAMMAR OF TEXTILE DESIGN. By H. Nisbet, 
Weaving and Designing Master, Bolton Municipal Technical School. 
Demy Svo. 280 pp. 490 Illustrations and Diagrams. Price 6s. net. 
(Post free, 6s. lOd. home; 7s. abroad.) 
Contents. 

Chapter L, Introduction. — General Prmciple of Fabric Structure and the use of Design 
Paper. 

Chapter II., The Plain Weave and its Modifications.— The Plain, Calico, or 
Tabby Weave.— Firmness of Texture — Variety of Texture — Variety of Form : Ribbed Fabrics 
— Corded Fabrics — Matt Weaves. 

Chapter III., Twill and Kindred Weaves. — Classification of Twill Weaves. — i. Con- 
tinuous Twills— (k) n'aip-face ri.'ills—(b) n\/t-/acc Tii'ills—(c) Warp ami Wtft-facf Tuills— 
The Angle of Twill — Influences affecting the Prominence of Twills and Kindred Weaves (a) 
Character of U'iyi!-!.', (b) Character of Yarn, (< ) dumber of Threads per Inch, (d) Direction of 
Ttcill in Relatio)t to the Direction of Tt^'ist in yani^2. Zigzag or Wavy Twills — 3. Re- 
arranged Twills: Satin Weaves — Table of Intervals of Selection for the Construction of 
Satin Weaves — Corkscrew Twills — Rearrangement of Twill Weaves on Satin and other 
Bases— 4. Combined Twills— 5. Broken Twills— 6. Figured or Ornamented Twills. 

Chapter IV., Diamond and Kindred Weaves, — Diamond Weaves. — Honeycomb and 
Kindred W'eaves — Brighton Weaves — Sponge Weaves — Huck-a-Back and Kindred Weaves — 
Grecian Weaves — Linear Zigzag Weaves. 

[Conti7iued on next page. 



20 

CONTENTS OF "GRAMMAR OF TEXTILE DESIGN"— 

continued. 

Chapter V., Bedford Cords. — Plain Calico-ribbed Bedford Cords — Plain Twill-ribbed 
Bedford Cords — Figured Bedford Cords — Tabulated Data of Particulars relating to the Manu- 
facture of Seventeen Varieties of Bedford Cord Fabrics described in this Chapter. 

Chapter VI., Backed Fabrics. — Weft-backed Fabrics — Warp-backed Fabrics — Reversible 
or Double-faced Fabrics. 

Chapter VII., Fustians. — Varieties of Fustians. — Imperials or Swansdowns — Cantoons 
or Diagonals — .Moleskins — Beaverteens — Velveteens and Velveteen Cutting — Ribbed or 
Corded Velveteen — Figured Velveteen — Corduroy — Figured Corduroy — Corduroy Cutting 
Machines. 

Chapter VIII., Terry Pile Fabrics. — Methods of producing Terry Pile on Textile Fab- 
rics — Terry-forming Devices — Varieties of Terry Fabrics — Action of the Reed in Relation to 
Shedding — Figured Terry Weaving — Practical Details of Terry Weaving. 

Chapter IX., Gauze and Leno Fabrics. — Gauze, Net Leno, and Leno Brocade 
Varieties of Cross-Weaving. — Plain Gauze, and a Heald Gauze or Leno Harness — Net 
Leno Fabrics — Gauze and Net Leno Figuring by means of several Back Standard Healds to 
each Doup Heald— Leno Specialities produced by a System of Crossing: Warp Ends in 
front of the Reed — A Device for the Production of Special Leno Effects— Full Cross Leno 
Fabrics — Relative Merits of a Top and a Bottom Doup Harness — Relative Merits of Different 
Types of Dobbies for Gauze and Leno Fabrics — Shaking Devices for Leno Weaving — Practical 
Details of Leno Weaving — Tempered Steel-wire Doup Harnesses for Cross-weaving— 
Mock or Imitation Leno Fabrics. 

Chapter X., TissuE, Lappet, and Swivel Figuring; also Ondulk Effects, and 
Looped Fabrics. — Tissue Figuring — Madras Muslin Curtains — Lappet Figuring — Spot 
Lappet Figuring — Swivel Figuring — Woven Ondulk Effects — Loom for Weaving Ondulfi 
Effects — Weft Ondule Effects — Looped Fabrics. — Index. 

NEEDLEWORK AND DESIGN. By Miss M. E. Wilkin- 
son. Quarto. 24 Plates and Text. 52 pp. [/« the Press. 

HOME LACE-MAKING. A Handbook for Teachers and 
Pupils. By M. E. W. Milroy. Crown 8vo. 64 pp. With 3 Plates 
and 9 Diagrams. Price Is. net. (Post free, Is. 3d. home; Is. 4d. 
abroad.) 

THE CHEMISTRY OF HAT MANUFACTURING. Lee- 

tures delivered before the Hat Manufacturers' Association. By Wat- 
son Smith, F.C.S. , F.I.C. Revised and Edited by Albert Shonk. 
Crown 8vo. 132 pp. 16 Illustrations. Price 7s. 6d. net. (Post free, 
7s. 9d. home ; 7s. lOd. abroad.) 

Contents. 

Textile Fibres, principally Wool, Fur, and Hair — Water : its Chemistry and Properties ; 
Impurities and their Action ; Tests of Purity — Acids and Alkalis — Boric Acid, Borax, Soap — 
Shellac, Wood Spirit, and the Stiffening and Proofing Process — Mordants: their Nature and 
Use — Dyestuffs and Colours — Dyeing of Wool and Fur; and Optical Properties of Colours — 
Index. 

THE TECHNICAL TESTING OF YARNS AND TEX- 
TILE FABRICS. With Reference to Official Specifica- 
tions. Translated from the German of Dr. J. Herzfeld. Second 
Edition. Sixty-nine Illustrations. 200 pp. Demy 8vo. Price 10s. 6d. 
net. (Post free, 10s. lOd. home ; lis. abroad.) 

Contents. 

Yarn Testing. Determining the Yarn Number— Testing the Length of Yams — 
Examination of the External Appearance of Yarn— Determining the Twist of Yarn 
and Twist — Determination of Tensile Strength and Elasticity— Estimating the 
Percentage of Fat in Yarn— Determination of Moisture (Conditioning) — Appendix. 

DECORATIVE AND FANCY TEXTILE FABRICS. 

By R. T. Lord. Manufacturers and Designers of Carpets, Damask, 
Dress and all Textile Fabrics. 200 pp. Demy 8vo. 132 Designs and 
Illustrations. Price7s.6d.net. (Post free, 7s. lOd. home ; 8s. abroad.) 

THEORY AND PRACTICE OF DAMASK WEAVING. 

By H. KiNZER and K. Walter. Royal 8vo. Eighteen Folding Plates. 
Six Illustrations. Translated from the German. 110 pp. Price 8s. 6d. 
net. (Post free, 9s. home ; 9s. 6d. abroad.) 



21 

TEXTILE BOOKS— continued. 

Contents. 

The Various Sorts of Damask Fabrics— Drill (Ticking, Handloom-made)— Whole 
Damask for Tablecloths — Damask with Ground- and Connecting-warp Threads — Furniture 
Damask — Lampas or Hangings — Church Damasks — Tlie Manufacture of Wliole Damask 

— Damask Arrangement with and without Cross-Shedding — The Altered Cone-arrangement — 
The Principle of the Corner Lifting Cord — The Roller Principle — The Combination of the 
Jacquard with the so-called Damask Machine — The Special Damask Machine — The Combina- 
tion of Two Tyings. 

FAULTS IN THE MANUFACTURE OF WOOLLEN 
GOODS AND THEIR PREVENTION. By Nicolas 
Reiser. Translated from the Second German Edition. Crown 8vo. 
Sixty-three Illustrations. 170 pp. Price 5s. net. (Post free, 5s. 4d, 
home ; 5s. 6d. abroad.) 

Contents. 

Improperly Chosen Raw Material or Improper Mixtures — Wrong Treatment of the 
Material in Washing, Carbonisation, Drying. Dyeing and Spinning — Improper Spacing of the 
Goods in the Loom — Wrong Placing of Colours — Wrong Weight or Width of the Goods 
— Breaking of Warp and W'eft Threads — Presence of Doubles, Singles, Thick, Loose, 
and too Hard Twisted Threads as well as Tangles, Thick Knots and the Like — Errors in 
Cross-weaving — Inequalities, i.e.. Bands and Stripes — Dirty Borders — Defective Selvedges — 
Holes and Buttons — Rubbed Places — Creases — Spots — Loose and Bad Colours — Badly Dyed 
Selvedges — Hard Goods — Brittle Goods — Uneven Goods — Removal of Bands, Stripes, 
Creases and Spots. 

SPINNING AND WEAVING CALCULATIONS, especially 
relating to Woollens. From the German of N. Reiser. Thirty-four 
Illustrations. Tables. 160 pp. Demy Svo. 1904. Price 10s. 6d. net. 
(Post free, 10s. lOd. home ; lis. abroad.) 
Contents. 

Calculating the Raw Material — Proportion of Different Grades of Wool to Furnish a 
Mixture at a Given Price — Quantity to Produce a Given Length — Yarn Calculations — Yam 
Number — Working Calculations — Calculating the Reed Count — Cost of Weaving, etc. 

WATERPROOFING OF FABRICS. By Dr. S. Mierzinski. 
Crown 8vo. 104 pp. 29 lUus. Price5s.net. (Post free, 5s. 3d. home ;. 
5s. 4d. abroad.) 

Contents. 

Introduction — Preliminary Treatment of the Fabric — Waterproofing with Acetate of 
Alumina — Impregnation of the Fabric — Drying — Waterproofing with Paraffin — Waterproofing 
with Ammonium Cuprate — Waterproofing with Metallic Oxides — Coloured Waterproof 
Fabrics — Waterproofing with Gelatine, Tannin, Caseinate of Lime and other Bodies — Manu- 
facture of Tarpaulin — British Waterproofing Patents — Index. 

HOW TO MAKE A WOOLLEN MILL PAY. By John 
Mackie. Crown Svo. 76 pp. Price 3s. 6d. net. (Post free, 3s. 9d. 
home ; 3s. lOd. abroad.) 

Contents. 

Blends, Piles, or Mixtures of Clean Scoured Wools — Dyed Wool Book — The Order Book 
— Pattern Duplicate Books — .Management and Oversight — Constant Inspection of Mill De- 
partments — Importance of Delivering Goods to Time, Shade, Strength, etc.— Plums. 

{For " Textile Soaps and Oils " see p. y.) 

Dyeing, Colour Printing, 
Matching and Dye^stuflfs. 

THE COLOUR PRINTING OF CARPET YARNS. Manual 

for Colour Chemists and Textile Printers. By D.wid Paterson, 
F.C.S. Seventeen Illustrations. 136 pp. Demy Svo. Price 7s. 6d. 
net. (Post free, 7s. lOd. home ; 8s. abroad.) 
Contents. 

Structure and Constitution of Wool Fibre— Yarn Scouring — Scouring Materials — Water for 
Scouring— Bleaching Carpet Yarns— Colour Making for Yarn Printing — Colour Printing 
Pastes— Colour Recipes for Yarn Printing — Science of Colour Mixing — Matching of Colours 
— "Hank" Printing — Printing Tapestry Carpet Yarns — Yarn Printing— Steaming Printed 
Yarns— Washing of Steamed Yarns— .Aniline Colours Suitable for Yarn Printing — Glossary of 
Dyes and Dye-wares used in Wood Yarn Printing — Appendix. 



22 

THE SCIENCE OF COLOUR MIXING. A Manual in- 
tended for the use of Dj^ers, Calico Printers and Colour Chemists. By 
David Paterson, F.C.S. Forty-one Illustrations, Five Coloured Plates, 
and Four Plates showing Eleven Dyed Specimens of Fabrics. 132 

pp. Demy Svo. Price 7s. 6d. net. (Post free, 7s. lOd. home ; 8s. 
abroad.) 

Contents. 

Colour a Sensation ; Colours of Illuminated Bodies ; Colours of Opaque and Transparent 
Bodies; Surface Colour — Analysis of Light; Spectrum; Homogeneous Colours; Ready 
Method of Obtaining a Spectrum — Examination of Solar Spectrum ; The Spectroscope and 
Its Construction ; Colourists' Use of the Spectroscope — Colour by Absorption ; Solutions and 
Dyed Fabrics ; Dichroic Coloured Fabrics in Gaslight — Colour Primaries of the Scientist 
versus the Dyer and Artist; Colour Mixing by Rotation and Lye Dyeing; Hue, Purity, 
Brightness ; Tints ; Shades, Scales, Tones, Sad and Sombre Colours — Colour Mixing ; Pure 
and Impure Greens, Orange and Violets; Large Variety of Shades from few Colours; Con- 
sideration of the Practical Primaries: Red, Yellow and Blue — Secondary Colours ; Nomen- 
clature of Violet and Purple Group ; Tints and Shades of Violet; Changes in Artificial Light 
— Tertiary Shades ; Broken Hues; Absorption Spectra of Tertiary Shades — Appendix : Four 
Plates with Dyed Specimens Illustrating Text — Index. 

DYERS' MATERIALS : An Introduction to the Examination, 
Evaluation and Application of the most important Substances used in 
Dyeing, Printing, Bleaching and Finishing. By Paul Heerman, Ph.D. 
Translated from the German by A. C. Wright, M.A. (Oxon.), B.Sc. 
(Lond.). Twenty-four Illustrations. Crown Svo. 150 pp. Price 5s. 
net. (Post free, 5s. 4d. home ; 5s. 6d. abroad.) 

COLOUR MATCHING ON TEXTILES. A Manual in- 
tended for the use of Students of Colour Chemistry, Dyeing and 
Textile Printing. By David Paterson, F.C.S. Coloured Frontis- 
piece. Twenty-nine Illustrations and Fourteen Specimens Of Dyed 
Fabrics. Demy Svo. 132 pp. Price 7s. 6d. net. (Post free, 7s. lOd. 
home ; 8s. abroad.) 

Contents. 

Colour Vision and Structure of the Eye — Perception of Colour — Primary and Comple- 
mentary Colour Sensations — Daylight for Colour Matching — Selection of a Good Pure Light 
— Diffused Daylight, Direct Sunlight, Blue Skylight, Variability of Daylight, etc., etc. — 
Alatching of Hues — Purity and Luminosity of Colours — Matching Bright Hues — Aid of Tinted 
Films — Matching Difficulties Arising from Contrast — Examination of Colours by Reflected 
and Transmitted Lights — Effect of Lustre and Transparency of Fibres in Colour Matching 
— Matching of Colours on Velvet Pile — Optical Properties of Dye-stuffs, Dichroism, Fluor- 
escence — Use of Tinted Mediums — Orange Film — Defects of the Eye — Yellowing of the Lens 
— Colour Blindness, etc. — Matching of Dyed Silk Trimmings and Linings and Bindings — Its 
Difficulties — Behaviour of Shades in Artificial Light — Colour Matching of Old Fabrics, etc. — 
Examination of Dyed Colours under the Artificial Lights — Electric Arc, Magnesium and Dufton, 
Gardner Lights, Welsbach, Acetylene, etc. — Testing Qualities of an Illuminant — Influence 
of the Absorption Spectrum in Changes of Hue under the Artificial Lights — Study of the 
Causes of Abnormal Modifications of Hue, etc. 

COLOUR: A HANDBOOK OP THE THEORY OF 
COLOUR. By George H. Hurst, F.C.S. With Ten 
Coloured Plates and Seventy-two Illustrations. 160 pp. Demy Svo. 
Price 7s. 6d. net. (Post free, 7s. lOd. home ; 8s. abroad.) 

Contents. 

Colour and Its Production— Cause of Colour in Coloured Bodies— Colour Pheno° 
mena and Theories— The Physiology of Light— Contrast— Colour in Decoration and 
Design— Measurement of Colour. 

Reissue ot 
THE ART OP DYEING WOOL, SILK AND COTTON. 

Translated from the French of M. Hellot, M. Macquer and M. le 
PiLEUR D'Apligny. First Published in English in 1789. Six Plates. 
Demy Svo. 446 pp. Price 5s. net. (Post free, 5s. 6d. home ; 6s. 
abroad.) 

Contents. 
Part I., The Art of Dyeing Wool and Woollen Cloth, Stuffs, Yarn, Worsted, etc. 
Part II., The Art of Dyeing Silk. Part III., The Art of Dyeing Cotton and Linen 
Thread, together -with the Method of Stamping Silks, Cottons, etc. 



23 

THE CHEMISTRY OF DYE-STUFFS. By Dr. Georg Von 

Georgievics. Translated from the Second German Edition. 412 pp. 
Demy 8vo. Price 10s. 6d. net. (Post free, lis. home ; lis. 6d. abroad.) 
Contents. 

Introduction — Coal Tar — Intermediate Products in the Manufacture of Dye-stuffs — The 
Artificial Dye-stuffs (Coal-tar Dyes) — Nitroso Dye-stuffs — Nitre Dye-stuffs — Azo Dye-stuffs — 
Substantive Cotton Dye-stuffs — Azoxystilbene Dye-stuffs — Hydrazones — Ketoneimides — 
Triphenylmethane Dye-stuffs — Kosolic Acid Dye-stuffs — Xanthene Dye-stuffs — Xanthone Dye- 
stuffs — Flavones — Oxyketone Dye-stuffs — Quinoline and Acridine Dye-stuffs— Quinonimide 
or Diphenylamine Dye-stuffs — The Azine Group: Eurhodines, Safranines and Indulines — 
Eurhodines — Safranines — Quinoxalines — Indigo — Dye-stuffs of Unknown Constitution — 
Sulphur or Sulphine Dye-stuffs — Development of the Artificial Dye-stuff Industry — The 
Natural Dye-stuffs — Mineral Colours — Index. 

THE DYEING OF COTTON FABRICS: A Practical 
Handbook for the Dyer and Student. By Franklin Beech, Practical 
Colourist and Chemist. 272 pp. Forty-four Illustrations of Bleaching 
and Dyeing Machinery. Demy 8vo. Price 7s. 6d. net. (Post free, 
7s. lOd. home ; 8s. abroad.) 

Contents. 

Structure and Chemistry of the Cotton Fibre — Scouring and Bleaching of Cotton — Dyeing 
Machinery and Dyeing .Manipulations — Principles and Practice of Cotton Dyeing — Direct 
Dyeing ; Direct Dyeing followed by Fixation with Metallic Salts ; Direct Dyeing followed by 
Fixation with Developers; Direct Dyeing followed by Fixation with Couplers; Dyeing on 
Tannic .Mordant; Dyeing on Metallic .Mordant; Production of Colour Direct upon Cotton 
Fibres ; Dyeing Cotton by Impregnation with Dye-stuff Solution — Dyeing Union (Mixed Cotton 
and Wool) Fabrics — Dyeing Half Silk (Cotton-Silk, Satin) Fabrics — Operations following 
Dyeing — Washing, Soaping, Drying — Testing of the Colour of Dyed Fabrics — Experimental 
Dyeing and Comparative Dye Testing — Index. 

The book contains numerous recipes for the production on Cotton Fabrics of all kinds of a 
great range of colours. 

THE DYEING OF WOOLLEN FABRICS. By Franklin 
Beech, Practical Colourist and Chemist. Thirty-three Illustrations. 
Demy 8vo. 228 pp. Price 7s. 6d. net. (Post free, 7s. lOd. home ; 
8s. abroad.) 

Contents. 

The Wool Fibre — Structure, Composition and Properties — Processes Preparatory to Dyeing 
— Scouring and Bleaching of Wool — Dyeing Machinery and Dyeing Manipulations — Loose 
Wool Dyeing, Yarn Dyeing and Piece Dyeing Machinery — The Principles and Practice of 
Wool Dyeing — Properties of Wool Dyeing — Methods of Wool Dyeing — Groups of Dyes — 
Dyeing with the Direct Dyes — Dyeing with Basic Dyes — Dyeing with Acid Dyes — Dyeing 
with Mordant Dyes — Level Dyeing — Blacks on Wool — Reds on Wool — Mordanting of Wool — 
Orange Shades on Wool — Yellow Shades on Wool — Green Shades on Wool — Blue Shades on 
Wool — Violet Shades on Wool — Brown Shades on Wool — Mode Colours on Wool — Dyeing 
Union (Mixed Cotton Wool) Fabrics — Dyeing of Gloria — Operations following Dyeing — 
Washing, Soaping, Drying — Experimental Dyeing and Comparative Dye Testing — Testing of 
the Colour of Dyed Fabrics — Index. 

Bleaching and Washing. 

A PRACTICAL TREATISE ON THE BLEACHING OF 
LINEN AND COTTON YARN AND FABRICS. By 

L. Tailfer, Chemical and Mechanical Engineer. Translated from the 
French by John Geddes McIntosh. Demy 8vo. 303 pp. Twenty 
Illus. Price 12s. 6d. net. (Post free, 13s. home; 13s. 6d. abroad.) 

Cotton Spinning and Combing. 

COTTON SPINNING (First Year). By Thomas Thornley, 
Spinning Master, Bolton Technical School. 160 pp. Eighty-four Illus- 
trations. Crown 8vo. Second Impression. Price 3s. net. (Post free, 
3s. 4d. home ; 3s. 6d. abroad.) 

Contents. 

Syllabus and Examination Papers of the City and Guilds of London Institute— Cultiva- 
tion, Classification, Ginning. Baling and .Mixing of the Raw Cotton— Bale-Breakers, Mixing 
Lattices and Hopper Feeders — Opening and Scutching — Carding — Indexes. 



24 

COTTON SPINNING (Intermediate, or Second Year). By 
Thomas Thornley. 180 pp. Seventy Illustrations. Crown 8vo. 
Price 5s. net. (Post free, 5s. 4d. home ; 5s. 6d. abroad.) 
Contents. 

Syllabuses and Examination Papers of the City and Guilds of London Institute — The 
Combing Process — The Drawing Frame — Bobbin and Fly Frames — Mule Spinning — Ring 
Spinning — General Indexes. 

COTTON SPINNING (Honours, or Third Year). By Thomas 
Thornley. 216 pp. Seventy-four Illustrations. Crown Svo. Second 
Edition. Price 5s. net. (Post free, 5s. 4d. home ; 5s. 6d. abroad.) 

Contents. 

Syllabuses and Examination Papers of the City and Guilds of London Institute — Cotton — 
The Practical Manipulation of Cotton Spinning Machinery — Doubling and Winding — Reeling 
— Warping — Production and Costs — Main Driving — Arrangement of Machinery and Mill 
Planning — Waste and Waste Spinning — Indexes. 

COTTON COMBING MACHINES. By Thos. Thornley, 
Spinning Master, Technical School, Bolton. Demy Svo. 117 Illustra- 
tions. 300 pp. Price 7s. 6d. net. (Post free, 8s. home ; 8s. 6d. abroad.) 
Contents. 

The Sliver Lap Machine and the Ribbon Cap Machine— General Description of the Heilmann 
Comber — The Cam Shaft — On the Detaching and Attaching Mechanism of the Comber — 
Resetting of Combers — The Erection of a Heilmann Comber — Stop Motions : Various Calcu- 
lations — Various Notes and Discussions— Cotton Combing Machines of Continental Make — 
Index. 

Flax, Hemp and Jute Spinning. 

MODERN FLAX, HEMP AND JUTE SPINNING AND 
TWISTING. A Practical Handbook for the use of Flax, 
Hemp and Jute Spinners, Thread, Twine and Rope Makers. By 
Herbert R. Carter, Mill Manager, Textile Expert and Engineer, 
Examiner in Flax Spinning to the City and Guilds of London 
Institute. Demy 8vo. 1907. With 92 Illustrations. 200 pp. Price 
7s. 6d. net. (Post free, 7s. 9d. home ; 8s. abroad.) 
Contents. 

Raw Fibre. — Origin of Flax— Hemp and Jute Fibre — Description of the Plants — Mode of 
Cultivation — Suitable Climate and Soil — Sowing — Harvesting — Rippling Flax and Hemp — 
Water Retting — Dew Retting — Extraction of the Fibre — Marketing the Fibre — Bracquing — 
Flax, Hemp and Jute Marks — Comparative Prices — Ports of Export — Trade Centres — Fibre 
Selling Conditions — Duty on Fibre — Fibre Exports. Hacklingf. — Sorting and Storing the 
Raw Fibre — Softening Hemp and Jute — Jute Batching — Cutting — Piecing Out — Roughing — 
Hackling by Hand and Machine — Tippling— Sorting— Ventilation of Hackling Rooms. SHver 
Formation. — Spreading Line— Heavy Spreading System — Good's Combined Hackle and 
Spreader — Jute Breaking and Carding — Flax and Hemp Tow Carding — Bell Calculation — 
Clock System— Theory of Spreading. Line and Tow Preparing.— Drawing and Doubling 
— Draft Calculation— Set Calculation — Tow Combing — Compound Systems — Automatic Stop 
Motions and Independent Heads— Details of Preparing Machinery— Ventilation— Humidifica- 
tion. Gill Spinning-. — Gill Spinning for Shoe Threads, Rope Yarns, Binder and Trawl 
Twines — The Automatic Gill Spinner — Rope and Reaper Yarn Numbering. Tlie Flax, 
Hemp and Jute Roving Frame. — Bobbin Winding — Differential Motion — Twist Calculation 
—Practical Changing— Rove Stock. Dry and Half-Dry Spinning.— Flyer and Ring 
Frames— Draft and Twi^^t Culculation— Bobbin Dragging— Reaches— Set of Breast Beam 
and Tin-rod. Wet Spinning of Flax, Hemp and Tow— Hot and Cold Water Spinning- 
Improvements in the Water Trough — Turn off and Speed of Spindles— Reaches— Belting — 
Band Tying— Tape Driving— Oiling— Black Threads— Cuts per Spindle — Ventilation of the 
Wet Spinning Room. Yarn Department.— Reeling— Cop Winding— Cheese and Spool 
Winding — Balling Shoe Thread, Reaper Yarn, etc.— Yarn Drying and Conditioning— Yarn 
Bundling— Yarn Baling— Weight of Yarn— Yarn Tables— Duty on Yarn Imports. Manufac- 
ture of Tlireads, Twines and Cords.- Hank Winding— Wet and Dry Twisting— Cabling- 
Fancy Yarns— Twine Laying— Sizing and Polishing Threads and Twines— Softening Threads 
— Skeining Threads— Balling Twines — Leeson's Universal Winder— Randing Twines— Spool- 
ing Sewing Threads— Comparative Prices of Flax and Hemp Cords, Lines and Threads. 
Rope Malting.— Construction of Hawsers and Cables— Stranding — Laying and Closing — 
Compound Rope Machines— Rules for Rope .Makers— Weight of Ropes— Balling and Coiling 
Ropes. Mechanical Department. — Boilers, Engines and Turbines— Power Transmission 
by Belts and Ropes— Electric Light and Power Transmission— Fans— Oils and Oiling— 
Repairs— Fluting. Mill Construction.— Flax, Hemp and Jute Spinning Mills and Ropeworks 
— Heating — Roofs — Chimneys, etc. 



25 

Collieries and Mines. 

RECOVERY WORK AFTER PIT FIRES. By Robert 
Lamprecht, Mining Engineer and Manager. Translated from the 
German. Illustrated by Six large Plates, containing Seventy-six 
Illustrations. 175 pp., demy 8vo. Price 10s. 6d. net. (Post free, 
10s. lOd. home; lis. abroad.) 

Contents. 

Causes of Pit Fires— Preventive Reg:ulations : (1) The Outbreak and Rapid Extension 
of a Shaft Fire can be most reliably prevented by Hmployinj; little or no Combustible Material 
in the Construction of the Shaft : (2) Precautions for Rapidly Localising; an Outbreak of Fire in 
the Shaft ; (3) Precautions to be Adopted in case those under 1 and 2 Fail or Prove Inefficient. 
Precautions against Spontaneous Ignition of Coal. Precautions for Preventing Explosions of 
Fire-damp and Coal Dust. Employment of Electricity in Mining, particularly in Fiery Pits. 
Experiments on the Ignition of Fire-damp Mixtures and Clouds of Coal Dust by Electricity — 
Indications of an Existing- or Incipient Fire — Appliances for WorJcing- in Irrespirable 
Gases: Respiratory Apparatus; Apparatus with .Air Supply Pipes; Reservoir Apparatus; 
Oxygen Apparatus — Exting-uishing: Pit Fires: (<!) Chemical Means; (h) Extinction with 
Water. Dragging down the Burning Masses and Packing with Clay; (f) Insulating the Seat 
of the Fire by Dams. Dam Building. Analyses of Fire Gases. Isolating the Seat of a Fire 
with Dams: Working in Irrespirable Gases ("Gas-diving"): Air-Lock Work. Complete 
Isolation of the Pit. Flooding a Burnmg Section isolated by means of Dams. Wooden 
Dams : Masonry Dams. Examples of Cylindrical and Dome-shaped Dams. Dam Doors : 
Flooding the Whole Pit — Rescue Stations : (a) Stations above Ground ; (6) Underground 
Rescue Stations — Spontaneous Ig^nition of Coal in Bullc — Index. 

VENTILATION IN MINES. By Robert Wabxer, Mining 
Engineer. Translated from the German. Royal 8vo. Thirty Plates 
and Twenty-two Illustrations. 240 pp. Pricel0s.6d.net. (Post free, 
lis. home ; lis. 3d. abroad.) 

Contents. 
The Causes of the Contamination of Pit Air— The Means of Preventing the 
Dangers resulting from the Contamination of Pit Air- Calculating: the Volume 
of Ventilating Current necessary to free Pit Air from Contamination — Determination 
of the Resistance Opposed to the Passage of Air through the Pit — Laws of Re- 
sistance and FormulsB therefor— Fluctuations in the Temperament or Specific Re- 
sistance of a Pit— Means for Providing a Ventilating Current in tiie Pit— Mechani- 
cal Ventilation— Ventilators and Fans— Determining the Theoretical, Initial, and 
True (Effective) Depression of the Centrifugal Fan— New Types of Centrifugal Fan 
of Small Diameter and high Working Speed— Utilising the Ventilating Current to 
the utmost Advantage and distributing the same through the Worltings- Artifici= 
ally retarding the Ventilating Current— Ventilating Preliminary Workings— Blind 
Headings — Separate Ventilation— Supervision of Ventilation — Index. 

HAULAGE AND WINDING APPLIANCES USED IN 
MINES. By Carl Volk. Translated from the German. 
Royal 8vo. With Six Plates and 148 Illustrations. 150 pp. Price 
8s. 6d. net. (Post free, 9s. home; 9s. 3d. abroad.) 
Contents. 

Haulage Appliances — Ropes — Haulage Tubs and Tracks — Cages and Winding Appliances — 
Winding Engines for Vertical Shafts — Winding without Ropes — Haulage in Levels and 
Inclines — The Working of Underground Engines — Machinery for Downhill Haulage, 

Dental Metallurgy. 

DENTAL METALLURGY : MANUAL FOR STUDENTS 
AND DENTISTS. By A. B. Griffiths, Ph.D. Demy 
Svo. Thirty-si.x Illustrations. 200 pp. Price 7s. 6d. net. (Post free, 
7s. lOd. home ; 8s. abroad.) 

Contents. 

Introduction — Physical Properties of the Metals — Action of Certain Agents on Metals — 
Alloys — Action of Oral Bacteria on Alloys — Theory and Varieties of Blowpipes — Fluxes — 
Furnaces and .Appliances — Heat and Temperature — Gold — Mercury — Silver — Iron — Copper — 
Zinc — .Magnesium — Cadmium — Tin — Lead — Aluminium — Antimony — Bismuth — Palladium — 
Platinum — Iridium — Nickel — Practical Work — Weights and Measures. 



26 

Engineering, Smoke Prevention 
and Metallnrgy. 

THE PREVENTION OF SMOKE. Combined with the 
Economical Combustion of Fuel. By W. C. Popplewell, M.Sc, 
A.M.Inst., C.E., Consulting Engineer. Forty-six Illustrations. 190 pp. 
Demy 8vo. Price 7s. 6d. net. (Post free, 7s. lOd. home ; 8s. 3d. abroad.) 

Contents. 

Fuel and Combustion — Hand Firing in Boiler Furnaces — Stoking by Mechanical Means — 
Powdered Fuel— Gaseous Fuel — Efficiency and Smoke Tests of Boilers — Some Standard 
Smoke Trials — The Legal Aspect of the Smoke Question — The Best Means to be adopted for 
the Prevention of Smoke — Index. 

GAS AND COAL DUST FIRING. A Critical Review of 
the Various Appliances Patented in Germany for this purpose since 
1885. By Albert Putsch. 130 pp. Demy 8vo. Translated from the 
German. With 103 Illustrations. Price 7s. 6d. net. (Post free, 7s. lOd. 
home; 8s. abroad.) 

Contents. 

Generators — Generators Employing Steam — Stirring and Feed Regulating Appliances — 
Direct Generators — Burners — Regenerators and Recuperators — Glass Smelting Furnaces — 
Metallurgical Furnaces — Pottery Furnace — Coal Dust Firing — Index. 

THE HARDENING AND TEMPERING OF STEEL 
IN THEORY AND PRACTICE. By Fridolin Reiser. 
Translated from the German ' of the Third Edition. Crown 8vo. 
120 pp. Price 5s. net. (Post free, 5s. 3d. home; 5s. 4d. abroad.) 

Contents, 
steel— Chemical and Physical Properties of Steel, and their Casual Connection- 
Classification of Steel according: to Use— Testing the Quality of Steel — SteeN 
Hardening— Investigation of the Causes of Failure in Hardening— Regeneration of 
Steel Spoilt in the Furnace— Welding Steel— lndex> 

SIDEROLOGY: THE SCIENCE OF IRON (The Con- 
stitution of Iron Alloys and Slags). Translated from German of 
Hanns Freiherr v. Juptner. 350 pp. Demy 8vo. Eleven Plates 
and Ten Illustrations. Price lOs. 6d. net. (Post free, lis. home; 
lis. 6d. abroad.) 

Contents. 

The Theory of Solution. — Solutions — Molten Alloys — Varieties of Solutions — Osmotic 
Pressure — Relation between Osmotic Pressure and other Properties of Solutions — Osmotic 
Pressure and Molecular Weight of the Dissolved Substance— Solutions of Gases — Solid Solu- 
tions — Solubility — Diffusion — Electrical Conductivity — Constitution of Electrolytes and Metals 
— Thermal Expansion. Micrography. — Microstructure — The Micrographic Constituents of 
Iron — Relation between Micrographical Composition, Carbon-Content, and Thermal Treat- 
ment of Iron Alloys— The Microstructure of Slags. Chemical Composition of the Alloys 
of Iron. — Constituents of Iron Alloys — Carbon — Constituents of the Iron Alloys, Carbon — 
Opinions and Researches on Combined Carbon — Opmions and Researches on Combined 
Carbon — Applying the Curves of Solution deduced from the Curves of Recalescence to the De- 
termination of the Chemical Composition of the Carbon present in Iron Alloys — The Constitu- 
ents of Iron — Iron — The Constituents of Iron Alloys — Manganese — Remaining Constituents of 
Iron Alloys— A Silicon— Gases. The Chemical Composition of Slag.— Silicate Slags- 
Calculating the Composition of Silicate Slags — Phosphate Slags — Oxide Slags — Appendix — 
Index. 

EVAPORATING, CONDENSING AND COOLING AP- 
PARATUS. Explanations, Formulae and Tables for Use 
in Practice. By E. Hausbrand, Engineer. Translated by A. C. 
Wright, M.A. (Oxon.), B.Sc. (Lond.). With Twenty-one Illustra- 
tions and Seventy-six Tables. 400 pp. Demy 8vo. Price lOs. 6d. net. 
(Post free, lis. home; lis. 6d. abroad.) 



27 

Contents of " Evaporating. Condensing and Cooling 
Apparatus". 

/?eCoefficient of Transmission of Heat, k/, and the Mean Temperature Difference, 61m — 
Parallel and Opposite Currents — Apparatus tor Heating with Direct Fire — The Injection of 
Saturated Steam — Superheated Steam — Evaporation by Means of Hot Liquids — The Trans- 
ference of Heat in General, and Transference by means of Saturated Steam in Particular 
— The Transference of Heat from Saturated Steam in Pipes (Coils) and Double Bottoms 
— Evaporation in a Vacuum — The .Multiple-effect Evaporator — Multiple-effect Evaporators 
from which Extra Steam is Taken — The Weight of Water which must be Evaporated from 
100 Kilos, of Liquor in order its Original Percentage of Dry Materials from 1-25 per cent. 
up to 20-70 per cent. — The Relative Proportion of the Heating Surfaces in the Elements 
of the Multiple Evaporator and their Actual Dimensions — The Pressure Exerted by Currents 
of Steam and Gas upon Floating Drops of Water — ^The Motion of Floating Drops of Water 
upon which Press Currents of Steam — The Splashing of Evaporating Liquids — The Diameter 
or Pipes for Steam, Alcohol, Vapour and Air — The Diameter of Water Pipes — The Loss 
of Heat from Apparatus and Pipes to the Surrounding Air, and Means for Preventing 
the Loss — Condensers — Heating Liquids by Means of Steam — The Cooling of Liquids — 
The Volumes to be Exhausted from Condensers by the Air-pumps — A Few Remarks on Air- 
pumps and the Vacua they Produce — The Volumetric Efficiency of Air-pumps — The Volumes 
of Air which must be Exhausted from a Vessel in order to Reduce its Original Pressure to a 
Certain Lower Pressure — Index. 

Sanitary Plumbing, Metal 
Work, etc., etc. 

EXTERNAL PLUMBING WORK. A Treatise on Lead 
Work for Roofs. By John W. Hart, R.P.C. 180 Illustrations. 272 
pp. Demy 8vo. Second Edition Revised. Price 7s. 6d. net. (Post 
free, 7s. lOd. home ; 8s. abroad.) 

Contents. 

Cast Sheet Lead — Milled Sheet Lead — Roof Cesspools — Socket Pipes — Drips — Gutters — 
Gutters (continued) — Breaks — Circular Breaks — Flats — Flats (continued) — Rolls on Flats — 
Roll Ends — Roll Intersections — Seam Rolls — Seam Rolls (continued) — Tack Fixings — Step 
Flashings — Step Flashings (continued) — Secret Gutters — Soakers — Hip and Valley Soakers 
— Dormer Windows — Dormer Windows (continued) — Dormer Tops — Internal Dormers- 
Skylights — Hips and Ridging — Hips and Ridging (continued) — Fixings for Hips and Ridgmg 
— Ornamental Ridging — Ornamental Curb Rolls — Curb Rolls — Cornices — Towers and Finials 
— Towers and Finials (continued) — Towers and Finials (continued) — Domes — Domes (continued) 
— Ornamental Lead Work — Rain Water Heads — Rain Water Heads (continued) — Rain Water 
Heads (continued). 

HINTS TO PLUMBERS ON JOINT WIPING, PIPE 
BENDING AND LEAD BURNING. Third Edition, 
Revised and Corrected. By John W. Hart, R.P.C. 184 Illustrations. 
313 pp. Demy 8vo. Price 7s. 6d. net. (Post free, 8s. home ; 8s. 6d. 
abroad.) 

Contents. 

Pipe Bending — Pipe Bending (continued) ^ Pipe Bending (continued) — Square Pipe 
Bendings — Half-circular Elbows — Curved Bends on Square Pipe — Bossed Bends — Curved 
Plinth Bends — Rain-water Shoes on Square Pipe — Curved and Angle Bends — Square Pipe 
Fixings — Joint-wiping — Substitutes for Wiped Joints — Preparing Wiped Joints — Joint Fixings 
— Plumbing Irons — Joint Fixings — Use of "Touch" in Soldering — Underhand Joints — Blown 
and Copper Bit Joints — Branch Joints — Branch Joints (continued) — Block Joints — Block 
Joints (continued) — Block Fixings — .Astragal Joints — Pipe Fixings — Large Branch Joints — 
Large Underhand Joints — Solders — .Autogenous Soldering or Lead Burning — Index. 

SANITARY PLUMBING AND DRAINAGE. By John 
W. Hart. Demy 8vo. With 208 Illustrations. 250 pp. 1904. Price 
7s. 6d. net. (Post free, 7s. lOd. home ; 8s. abroad.) 
Contents. 

Sanitary Surveys — Drain Testing — Drain Testing with Smoke — Testing Drains with Water 
— Drain Plugs for Testing — Sanitary Defects — Closets — Baths and Lavatories — House Drains 
— .Manholes— Iron Soil Pipes — Lead Soil Pipes — Ventilating Pipes — Water-closets — Flushing 
Cisterns — Baths — Bath Fittings — Lavatories — Lavatory Fittings — Sinks — Waste Pipes — 
Water Supply — Ball Valves — Town House Sanitary Arrangements — Drainage — Jointing 
Pipes — Accessible Drains — Iron Drains — Iron Junctions — Index. 



28 

THE PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICE OF DIPPING, 
BURNISHING, LACQUERING AND BRONZING 
BRASS WARE. By W. Norman Brown. 35 pp. Crown 
8vo. Price 2s. net. (Post free, 2s. 3d. home and abroad.) 

A HANDBOOK ON JAPANNING AND ENAMELLING 
FOR CYCLES, BEDSTEADS, TINWARE, ETC. By 

William Norman Brown. 52 pp. and Illustrations. Crown 8vo. 
Price 2s. net. (Post free, 2s. 3d. home and abroad.) 

THE PRINCIPLES OF HOT WATER SUPPLY. By 

John W. Hart, R.P.C. With 129 Illustrations. 177 pp., demy 8vo. 
Price 7s. 6d. net. (Post free, 7s. lOd. home ; 8s. abroad.) 

Contents. 

Water Circulation — The Tank System — Pipes and Joints — The Cylinder System — Boilers 
for the Cylinder System — The Cylinder System — The Combined Tank and Cylinder System 
— Combined Independent and Kitchen Boiler — Combined Cylinder and Tank System with 
Duplicate Boilers — Indirect Heating and Boiler Explosions — Pipe Boilers — Safety Valves — 
Safety Valvep — The American System — Heating Water by Steam — Steam Kettles and Jets 
— Heating Power of Steam — Covering for Hot Water Pipes — Index. 



House Decorating and Painting. 

THREE HUNDRED SHADES FOR DECORATORS 
AND HOW TO MIX THEM. By A. Desaint. 
Quarto. The book will consist of a wide range of shades and tints 
suitable for decorators carefully numbered and mounted for easy 
reference, with full particulars as to the composition of each shade. 

[Ill the press. 

HOUSE DECORATING AND PAINTING. By W. 

Norman Brown. Eighty-eight Illustrations. 150 pp. Crown 8vo. 
Price 3s. 6d. net. (Post free, 3s. 9d. home and abroad.) 

A HISTORY OF DECORATIVE ART. By W. Norman 
Brown. Thirty-nine Illustrations. 96 pp. Crown 8vo. Price 2s. 6d. 
net. (Post free, 2s. 9d. hoiTie and abroad.) 

WORKSHOP WRINKLES for Decorators, Painters, Paper- 
hangers and Others. By W. N. Brown. Crown 8vo. 128 pp. Second 
Edition. Price 2s. 6d. net. (Post free, 2s. 9d. home; 2s. lOd. abroad.) 

Brewing and Botanical. 

HOPS IN THEIR BOTANICAL, AGRICULTURAL 
AND TECHNICAL ASPECT, AND AS AN ARTICLE 
OF COMMERCE. By Emmanuel Gross, Professor at 
the Higher Agricultural College, Tetschen-Liebwerd. Translated 
from the German. Seventy-eight Illustrations. 340 pp. Demy 8vo. 
Price 12s. 6d. net. (Post free, 13s. home; 13s. 6d. abroad.) 

Contents. 

history of the HOP— the HOP PLANT— Introductory— The Roots— The Stem— 
and Leaves — Inflorescence and Flower : Inflorescence and Flower of the Male Hop ; In- 
florescence and Flower of the Female Hop — The Fruit and its Glandular Structure : The 



29 

Fruit and Seed — Propagation and Selection of the Hop — Varieties of the Hop: (a) Red Hops; 
(6) Green Hops; (c) Pale Green Hops — Classification according to the Period of Ripening: 
Early August Hops; Medium Karly Hops; Late Hops — Injuries to Growth — Leaves Turning 
Yellow, Summer or Sunbrand, Cones Dropping Off, Honey Dew, Damage from Wind, Hail 
and Rain ; Vegetable Hnemies of the Hop: Animal Enemies of the Hop— Beneficial Insects on 
Hops— CULTIVATION— The Requirements of the Hop in Respect of Climate, Soil and 
Situation; Climate; Soil; Situation — Selection of Variety and Cuttings — Planting a Hop 
Garden; Drainage; Preparing the Ground; Marking-out for Planting; Planting; Cultivation 
and Cropping of the Hop Garden in the First Year — Work to be Performed Annually in the 
Hop Garden: Working the Ground; Cutting: The Non-cutting System; The Proper Per- 
formance of the Operation of Cutting; Method of Cutting: Close Cutting, Ordinary Cutting, 
The Long Cut, The Topping Cut; Proper Season for Cutting: Autumn Cutting, Spring 
Cutting; Manuring; Training the Hop Plant; Poled Gardens, Frame Training; Principal 
Types of Frames; Pruning, Cropping, Topping, and Leaf Stripping the Hop Plant; Picking, 
Drying and Bagging — Principal and Subsidiary Utilisation of Hops and Hop Gardens — Life 
of a Hop Garden ; Subsequent Cropping — Cost of Production, Yield and Selling Prices. 

Preservation and Storage — Physical and Chemical Structure of the Hop Cone — Judging 
tlie Value of Hops. 

Statistics of Production— Tlie Hop Trade— Index. 



Timber and Wood Waste. 

TIMBER : A Comprehensive Study of Wood in all its Aspects 
(Commercial and Botanical), showing the Different Applications and 
Uses of Timber in \'arious Trades, etc. Translated from the French 
of Paul Charpentier. Royal 8vo. 437 pp. 178 Illustrations. Price 
12s. 6d. net. (Post free, 13s. home ; 14s. abroad.) 

Contents. 

Physical and Chemical Properties of Timber — Composition of the Vegetable Bodies 
— Chief Elements — M. Fremy's Researches — Elementary Organs of Plants and especially of 
Forests — Different Parts of Wood Anatomically and Chemically Considered — General Pro- 
perties of Wood — Description of the Different Kinds of Wood — Principal Essences with 
Caducous Leaves — Coniferous Resinous Trees — Division of the Useful Varieties of Timber 
in the Different Countries of the Globe — European Timber — African Timber — Asiatic 
Timber — American Timber — Timber of Oceania — Forests — General Notes as to Forests ; their 
Influence — Opinions as to Sylviculture — Improvement of Forests — Unwooding and Rewooding 
— Preser\'ation of Forests — Exploitation of Forests — Damage caused to Forests — Different 
Alterations — The Preservation of Timber — Generalities — Causes and Progress of De 
terioration — History of Different Proposed Processes — Dessication — Superficial Carbonisation 
of Timber — Processes by Immersion — Generalities as to Antiseptics Employed — Injection 
Processes in Closed Vessels — The Boucherie System, Based upon the Displacement of the 
Sap — Processes for Making Timber Uninflammable — Applications of Timber — Generalities 
— Working Timber — Paving — Timber for Mines — Railway Traverses — Accessory Products — 
Gums — Works of M. Fremy — Resins — Barks — Tan — Application of Cork — The Application of 
Wood to Art and Dyeing — Different Applications of Wood — Hard Wood^Distillation of 
Wood — Pyroligneous Acid — Oil of Wood — Distillation of Resins — Index. 



THE UTILISATION OP WOOD WASTE. Translated from 
the German of Ernst Hubbard. Crown 8vo. 192 pp. Fifty Illustra- 
tions. Price 5s. net. (Post free, 5s. 4d. home ; 5s. 6d. abroad.) 

Contents. 

General Remarks on the Utilisation of Sawdust — Employment of Sawdust as Fuel, 
with and without Simultaneous Recovery of Charcoal and the Products of Distillation — 
Manufacture of Oxalic .Acid from Sawdust — Process with Soda Lye ; Thorn's Process ; 
Bohlig's Process — Manufacture of Spirit (Ethyl Alcohol) from Wood Waste — Patent Dyes 
{Organic Sulphides, Sulphur Dyes, or .Mercapto Dyes) — Artificial Wood and Plastic Com- 
positions from Sawdust — Production of Artificial Wood Compositions for .Moulded De- 
corations — Employment of Sawdust for Blasting Powders and Gunpowders — Employment 
of Sasvdust for Briquettes — Employment of Sawdust in the Ceramic Industry and as an 
Addition to Mortar — .Manufacture of Paper Pulp from Wood — Casks — Various .Applications 
of Sawdust and Wood Refuse — Calcium Carbide — .Manure — Wood .Mosaic Plaques — Bottle 
Stoppers — Parquetry — Fire-lighters — Carborundum — The Production of Wood Wool — Bark — 
Index. 



30 

Building and Architecture. 

THE PREVENTION OF DAMPNESS IN BUILDINGS; 

with Remarks on the Causes, Nature and Effects of Saline, Efflores- 
cences and Dry-rot, for Architects, Builders, Overseers, Plasterers, 
Painters and House Owners. By Adolf Wilhelm Keim. Translated 
from the German of the second revised Edition by M. J. Salter, F.I.C, 
F.C.S. Eight Coloured Plates and Thirteen Illustrations. Crown 8vo. 
115 pp. Price 5s. net. (Post free, 5s. 3d. home; 5s. 4d. abroad.) 

Contents. 

The Various Causes of Dampness and Decay of the Masonry of Buildings, and the 
Structural and Hygienic Evils of the Same — Precautionary Measures during Building against 
Dampness and Efflorescence — Methods of Remedying Dampness and Efflorescences in the 
Walls of Old Buildings— The Artificial Drying of New Houses, as well as Old Damp Dwellings, 
and the Theory of the Hardening of Mortar— New, Certain and Permanently Efficient 
Methods for Drying Old Damp Walls and Dwellings— The Cause and Origin of Dry-rot : its 
Injurious Effect on Health, its Destructive Action on Buildings, and its Successful Repres- 
sion — Methods of Preventing Dry-rot to be Adopted During Construction — Old Methods 
of Preventing Dry-rot — Recent and More Efficient Remedies for Dry-rot — Index. 



HANDBOOK OF TECHNICAL TERMS USED IN ARCHI- 
TECTURE AND BUILDING, AND THEIR ALLIED 
TRADES AND SUBJECTS. By Augustine C. Passmore. 
Demy 8vo. 380 pp. Price 7s. 6d. net. (Post free, 8s. home ; 8s. 6d. 
abroad.) 



Foods and Sweetmeats. 

THE MANUFACTURE OF PRESERVED FOODS AND 

SWEETMEATS. By A. Hausner. With Twenty-eight 
Illustrations. Translated from the German of the third enlarged 
Edition. Crown 8vo. 225 pp. Price 7s. 6d. net. (Post free, 7s. 9d. 
home; 7s. lOd. abroad.) 

Contents. 

The Manufacture of Conserves — Introduction — The Causes of the Putrefaction of Food 
— The Chemical Composition of Foods — The Products of Decomposition — The Causes of Fer- 
mentation and Putrefaction — Preservative Bodies — The Various Methods of Preserving Food 
— The Preservation of Animal Food — Preserving Meat by Means of Ice — The Preservation 
of Meat by Charcoal — Preservation of Meat by Drying — The Preservation of Meat by the 
Exclusion of Air — The Appert Method — Preserving Flesh by Smoking — Quick Smoking — Pre- 
serving Meat with Salt — Quick Salting by Air Pressure — Quick Salting by Liquid Pressure — 
Gamgee's Method of Preserving Meat — The Preservation of Eggs — Preservation of White 
and Yolk of Egg — Milk Preservation — Condensed Milk — The Preservation of Fat — Manu- 
facture of Soup Tablets — Meat Biscuits — Extract of Beef — The Preservation of Vegetable 
Foods in General — Compressing Vegetables — Preservation of Vegetables by Appert's IVlethod 
— The Preservation of Fruit — Preservation of Fruit by Storage— The Preservation of Fruit 
by Drying — Drying Fruit by Artificial Heat — Roasting Fruit — The Preservation of Fruit with 
Sugar — Boiled Preserved Fruit — The Preservation of Fruit in Spirit, Acetic Acid or Glycerine 
— Preservation of Fruit without Boiling — Jam Manufacture — The Manufacture of Fruit 
Jellies — The Making of Gelatine Jellies — The Manufacture of "Sulzen" — The Preservation of 
Fermented Beverages — The Manufacture of Candies — Introduction — The Manufacture of 
Candied Fruit — The Manufacture of Boiled Sugar and Caramel — The Candying of Fruit — 
Caramelised Fruit — The Manufacture of Sugar Sticks, or Barley Sugar — Bonbon Making — 
Fruit Drops — The Manufacture of Dragees — The Machinery and Appliances used in Candy 
Manufacture — Dyeing Candies and Bonbons — Essential Oils used in Candy Making — Fruit 
Essences — The Manufacture of Filled Bonbons, Liqueur Bonbons and Stamped Lozenges — 
Recipes for Jams and Jellies — Recipes for Bonbon Making — Dragees — Appendix — Index. 



31 

Dyeing Fancy Goods. 

THE ART OF DYEING AND STAINING MARBLE, 
ARTIFICIAL STONE, BONE, HORN, IVORY AND 
WOOD, AND OF IMITATING ALL SORTS OF 

WOOD. A Practical Handbook for the Use of Joiners, 
Turners, Manufacturers of Fancy Goods, Stick and Umbrella Makers, 
Comb Makers, etc. Translated from the German of D. H. Soxhlet, 
Technical Chemist. Crown 8vo. 168 pp. Price 5s. net. (Post free, 
5s. 3d. home ; 5s. 4d. abroad.) 

Contents. 

Mordants and Stains — Natural Dyes— Artificial Pigments — Coal Tar Dyes — Staining 
Marble and Artificial Stone — Dyeing, Bleaching and Imitation of Bone, Horn and Ivory — 
Imitation of Tortoiseshell for Combs: Yellows, Dyeing Nuts — Ivory — Wood Dyeing — Imitation 
of Mahogany: Dark Walnut, Oak, Birch-Bark, Elder-.Marquetry, Walnut, Walnut-Marquetry, 
Mahogany, Spanish Mahogany, Palisander and Rose Wood, Tortoiseshell, Oak, Ebony, Pear 
Tree — Black Dyeing Processes with Penetrating Colours — Varnishes and Polishes: English 
Furniture Polish, Vienna Furniture Polish, Amber Varnish, Copal Varnish, Composition for 
Preser\'ing Furniture — Index. 

Celluloid. 

CELLULOID. The Raw Material, Manufacture and Uses. 
By Dr. Fr. Bockhann. 49 lUus. Crown 8vo. [In the Press. 

Lithography, Printing and 
Engraving. 

PRACTICAL LITHOGRAPHY. By Alfred Seymour. 
Demy 8vo. \\'ith Frontispiece and 33 Illus. 120 pp. Price 5s. 
net. (Post free, 5s. 4d. home ; 5s. 6d. abroad.) 
Contents. 

Stones — Transfer Inks — Transfer Papers— Transfer Printing — Litho Press — Press Work — 
Machine Printing — Colour Printing — Substitutes for Lithographic Stones — Tin Plate Printing 
and Decoration — Photo-Lithography. 

PRINTERS' AND STATIONERS' READY RECKONER 
AND COMPENDIUM. Compiled by Victor Graham. 
Crown Svo. 112 pp. 1904. Price 3s. 6d. net. (Post free, 3s. 9d. home : 
3s. lOd. abroad.) 

Contents. 

Price of Paper per Sheet, Quire, Ream and Lb. — Cost of 100 to 1000 Sheets at various 
Sizes and Prices per Ream — Cost of Cards — Quantity Table — Sizes and Weights of Paper, 
Cards, etc. — Notes on Account Books — Discount Tables — Sizes of spaces — Leads to a lb. — 
Dictionary — .Measure for Bookwork — Correcting Proofs, etc. 

ENGRAVING FOR ILLUSTRATION. HISTORICAL 
AND PRACTICAL NOTES. By J. Kirkbride. 72 pp. 
Two Plates and 6 Illustrations. Crown Svo. Price 2s. 6d. net. (Post 
free, 2s. 9d. home; 2s. lOd. abroad.) 

Contents. 

Its Inception — Wood Engraving — .\letal Engraving — Engraving in England — Etching — 
Mezzotint — Photo-Process Engraving — The Engraver's Task — Appreciative Criticism — 
Index. 

Bookbinding. 

PRACTICAL BOOKBINDING. By Paul Adam. Translated 
from the German. Crown 8vo. 180 pp. 127 Illustrations. Price 5s. 
net. (Post free, 5s. 4d. home ; 5s. 6d. abroad.) 

Contents. 

.Materials for Sewing and Pasting— .Materials for Covering the Book— Materials for 
Decorating and Finishing — Tools— General Preparatory Work — Sewing — Forwarding. 



. 32 

Cutting, Rounding and Backing — Forwarding, Decoration of Edges and Headbanding — 
Boarding — Preparing the Cover — Work with the Blocking Press — Treatment of Sewn Books, 
Fastening in Covers, and Finishing Off — Handtooling and Other Decoration — Account Books 
—School Books, Mounting Maps, Drawings, etc.— Index, 



Sugar Refining. 



THE TECHNOLOGY OP SUGAR: Practical Treatise on 
the Modern Methods of Manufacture of Sugar from the Sugar Cane and 
Sugar Beet. By John Geddes McIntosh. Second Revised and 
Enlarged Edition. Demy 8vo. Fully Illustrated. 436 pp. Seventy-six 
Tables. 1906. Price 10s. 6d. net. (Post free, lis. home; lis. 6d. 
abroad.) 

Contents. 

Chemistry of Sucrose, Lactose, Maltose, Glucose, Invert Sugar, etc. — Purchase and 
Analysis of Beets — Treatment of Beets — Diffusion — Filtration — Concentration — Evaporation— 
Su^ar Cane : Cultivation— Milling — Diffusion — Sugar Refining — Analysis of Raw Sugars — 
Chemistry of Molasses, etc. 

{See " Evaporating, Condensing, etc.. Apparatus," p. 26.) 



Bibliography. 



CLASSIFIED GUIDE TO TECHNICAL AND COM- 
MEKCIAL BOOKS. Compiled by Edgar Greenwood, 
Demy 8vo. 224 pp. 1904. Being a Subject-list of the Principal 
British and American Books in print ; giving Title, Author, Size, Date, 
Publisher and Price. Price 7s. 6d. net. (Post free, 7s. lOd. home ; 
8s. 3d. abroad.) 



THE TECHNICAL BOOKS in this Catalogue can be obtained 
through all Booksellers, or post free direct from the Publishers by re- 
mitting the amount given in brackets. 

Full Particulars of Contents of any of the above books will 
be sent on application. 

Books in the Press. — The Publishers will send Contents and 
prices of books in the press as soon as ready to any one sending their 
address. 

Technical Books upon all Subjects can be obtained through 
Scott, Greenwood & Son, if requirements are fully stated. 



SCOTT, GREENWOOD & SON, 

tTccbnical JQoo\{ ipublisbers, 

8 Broadway, Ludgate Hill, 

London, E.C. 

Telegraphic Address, " Printeries, London". 

[April, 1907. 



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