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6000241 36L 



THE RECORD 



OF 



THE HOUSE OF GOURNAY. 



COMPILED PROM ORIGDf AL DOCUMENTS 



DANIEL GURNET, ESQ. F.S.A. 



PRINTED 

(FOR PRIVATE DISTRIBUTION ONLY) 

BY JOHN BOWYER NICHOLS AND JOHN GOUGH NICHOLS, 

25, PARLIAMENT-STREET, LONDON. 

1848. 




i 




1 

) 



PART n. 

THE GOURNAYS OR GURNETS OF SWATHINGS AND 
WEST BARSHAM, IN NORFOLK. 



FROM THE REION OF STEPHEN TO THAT OF CHARLES II. 









Otrj ii€p (fjvXktoP yfvtri Tot^^c Koi Mp&v. 
TriK€B6wra <^€i, iapog ^iinyiyvercu cJpg' 

Ilud, Z. 146. 

2 o 



2 /p. d. 62 




WEST BARSHAM HALL, NORFOLK. 



c 



PREFACE 



TO 



THE SECOND PART. 



Thb Gounia]r8 of Swathings, in Norfolk, were that younger branch of 
the Baronial Norman family which were subenfeoffed as mesne lords of the 
manors of Hingham Gumey*s, and Swathings in Hardingham, before the 
forfeiture of his Norman and English estates, by Hugh de Goumay V. in 
1205/ These fiefs they held under the elder or baronial family of Goumay, 
who were the tenants in capite of the crown according to the feudal 
system ; and afterwards acquiring by marriage considerable estates in Nor- 
folk and Suffolk, they continued to flourish for five centuries amongst the 
gentry of the former county. 

The first of this line who occurs is Walter de Goumay, who, according 
to the liber Niger Scaccarii, was enfeoffed of a quarter of a knight^s fee, 
in Suffolk, by Manasserus de Dampmartin, in the reign of Stephen ; and 
whose son William de Goumay held the same in the reign of Henry IL, 
and was lord of the manor of Runhall and Swathings in Norfolk. This 
Walter was, it appears, a son of Gerard de Goumay and Editha de Warren, 
(see page 69 of this Record.) The fiefs of the Goumays in Norfolk and 
Suffolk had been probably ^ven in frank marriage to Gerard de Goumay 
by William second Earl Warren, on Gerard^s marriage with his sister 
Editha, which took place about the year 1090. Most of these estates had 
formed part of the forfeited lands of Ralph Guader, the Saxon Earl of Nor- 
folk, and were seized by the crown at his rebellion in 1075. At the survey 

* See Blomefieldy in Hingham and Hardingham, toL ii. p. 445, toL x. p. 224. 



278 (RBFACB TO THE SECOND PART. 

they still remained in the king*s hands for the most part, and were granted 
by the Conqueror and William Rufiis to their favoiuite followers. 

Of these fiefs the manor of Swathings was a Saxon parish, which is now 
divided; it consisted of part of Hardingham, Letton, and Cranworth. 
Runhall was a hamlet or beruite to it. This manor of Swathings had been 
given to a family of the name of Le Bourguignon by Hugh de Goumay IV. 
(Appendix XXI. p. 122) ; and it seems likely that the family of Le Bour- 
guignon, who remained in Normandy, lost their English fiefs by forfeiture 
when that duchy was separated from England, and that the manor of 
Swathings was, in consequence, given to the junior family of the Goumays. 

William de Goumay, son of Walter, who held these manors under the 
Lords of Goumay, was a knight, as is proved by his being designated 
Dominus Willelmus de Gumey, in a deed of conveyance of lands in Gay- 
wood, to which he was a witness. It appears by the Registers called Les 
Olim,^ that this William de Goumay held of the King in capite the lord- 
ship of Montigny-sur-Andelle, in the Pays de Bray, parcel of the great 
fief of the Lords of Goumay, from which it had been severed by the Nor- 
man custom of dividing the fief among the children of the lord on his 
death, the younger sons holding their portion of the lands in paragio as it 
was called, in French parage^ that is to say, pari conditiane, by equal tenure 
or rank with the elder brother. WUliam de Goumay having held this Nor- 
man manor in ca/nf^, forms, therefore, an incontestable proof of his descent 
in blood from the Barons of Goumay (for further particulars of this 
tenure in ^^ parage^^ see Appendix XLVI.) The son of William was 
Matthew de Goumay, as appears by a plea between the said Matthew and 
Gilbert de Rimhall, given in Appendix LIII. To this Matthew de Goumay 
Hraieline Earl Warren gave in marriage Rose, daughter and heir of 
Reginald de Bumham, his kinsman, about the year 1 183.^ The family of 
de Bumham were said to be a younger branch of the house of Warren ; 
and by this marriage Matthew de Goumay acquired Gumey*s manor in Harp- 
ley and other estates. He gave the tithes of Hardingham to the church 
there, as appears by Harl. MSS. 970, which, with other documents, proves 

a Registres OUm, par Le Comte de Beugnot, Paris, 1889* 
^ Blomefidid, in Harpley* 



SUMMARY OP OBNBRATION8. 279 

him to have held the manor of Swathings in that parish. Lewis de 
Goumay had also an interest in this manor of Swathings ; he was contem- 
porary with Matthew, and they were probably brothers. We find him in 
Normandy paying money to the Norman exchequer for Hugh de Gour- 
nay V. and witnessing some of his deeds. He had a son Thomas, of whose 
descendants we hear no further ; and Matthew de Goumay or his son must 
have inherited their fief. Hugh de Goumay, of Letton, who gave a tene- 
ment to the priory of St. Pancras, at Lewes, was another contemporary of 
Matthew de Goumay, and undoubtedly one of this younger branch of the 
family. 

William de Goumay, son of Matthew, was father of Sir John de Goumay, 
knight, who was in rebellion against Henry IIL and present at the battle 
of Lewes in 1264. He afterwards accompanied Edward, afterwards 
Edward I. into the Holy Land, in 1270; and we find 
his arms given in an ancient roll — ^Argent, a cross 
engrailed gules, which have been borne by his family 
from that period, if not before. 

William de Goumay was son of Sir John ; he ^old all 
his estates to his brother John de Gumay, priest, rector 
of Harpley, who died in 1333, when John, his nephew, 
(son of William,) became his heir. 
Edmund Gumey, grandson of John, inherited all his manors, and was a 
lawyer of eminence in the reigns of Edward HI. and Richard II. He mar- 
ried the heiress of the ancient family of the Wauncys, of West Barsham, 
in Norfolk, by whom he acquired that manor, and Denver, in Norfolk, and 
Depden, in SuflFolk. From this period this family of the Gumeys were 
principally seated at West Barsham for many generations, and are generally 
designated the Gumeys of West Barsham. It appears probable, however, 
that at these early periods every manor (anciently manerium, and some- 
times mansio,) had a residence for the lord, where, before the existence of 
rents, he removed with his family to consume the produce of each estate. 

We find the Goumeys possessed of several houses at the same period ; 
thus Edmund Gumey, in 1357, had residences at Harpley and West 
Barsham, as well as a house in Norwich. And Thomas Goumey in 1471 




280 



PRBFACE TO THE SECOND FART. 



dates his will at West Barsham, and desires to be buried at Harpley or 
Norwich^ as he may die at either place, which proves him to have had 
three residences at least. But it would be an error to suppose that the 
manor houses of the English gentry were stately mansions. The arrange- 
ment of the ordinary manor house, and even of houses of greater con^ 
sideration, appears to have been generally a building in the form of a para- 
lellogram, two stories high, the lower story vaulted ; no internal commu- 
nication between the two, the upper story approached by a flight of steps, 
or a ladder, on the outside. And in that story was perhaps the only fire- 
place in the building. In the Bayeux tapestry is a house having all these 
features except the fire-place.* 




There were, however, other houses having a hall on the ground floor, 
which went the whole length of the building ; but these were mansions 
of a superior description. This was, it seems, more generally adopted at a 
later period ; and the ordinary manor house of the fifteenth and sixteenth 
centuries usually consisted of an entrance passage running through the 
house, with a hall on one side, a parlour beyond, and one or two chambers 
above : on the opposite side a kitchen, buttery, and other offices.^ In those 
parts of England where stone was not accessible these houses were fre- 
quently built in the style called half-timbered, being timber frames filled 
up with lath and plaster. Men of large estates, however, erected more 
commodious and magnificent structures. 

Formerly almost all the gentlemen^s families of Norfolk habitually passed 
the winter in Norwich, where most of them possessed mansions. Sir 



* Glossary of Architecture, part i. p. 67. 
t> Wbitaker's History of Whalley. 



Vide ArchsBologioal Journal, No. m, p. 213. 



SUMMARY OF QBNSRATIQNS. 281 

John Fastolf built a house there. Bemey*s Inn^ Meydeiz'a Inn^ and 
various others are mentioned ; the Paston letters constantly allude to this 
custom. Thomas Goumey, in the reign of Henry VI. had a house in St. 
Gregory's parish ; William, his son, in Pockthorp, a suburb of the city ; 
and Anthony Gumey, in the reign of Henry VIII., inhabited Goumay's 
Place, in St. Julian's parish in that city. 

Edmund Gumey, who married Catharine Wauncy, the heiress of West 
Barsham, died in 1 38/^ leaving Sir John Gumey, knight, his son and heir, 
who was sheriflf of Norfolk and SuflFolk the 1st of Henry IV. (1399), and 
knight of the shire for the county of Norfolk at the parliament which met 
at Coventry in 1404. He died without issue, and was succeeded by his 
nephew Thomas Goumey, Esq. of West Barsham, who married Catharine 
Kerville ; and whose son Thomas Goumey, junior, was father of William 
Gumey, Esq. who was escheator for Norfolk in the reign of Edward IV. 
Anthony Gumey was grandson and heir of WiUiam. By his marriage 
with Margaret Lovell, a considerable heiress in the reign of Henry VIII., 
he not only added greatly to the family estate, but also formed a distin- 
guished alliance, the Lovells being descended from the noble blood of the 
Mortimers of Attleborough. By the sale of several of his manors, how- 
ever, it was much diminished even in his life-time ; and to judge from 
their wiUs, and the comparatively small estates they possessed, the latter 
generations of the Goumeys of West Barsham laboured under straitened 
circumstances, whilst the expenses and devastations attendant upon the 
wars of the commonwealth more or less crippled the resources of every 
family in the nation, and amongst others those of the Goumays of Norfolk. 

The system of entails, and the difficulty of alienating a feudal fief at all 
times, forced the younger sons of gentlemen to betake themselves to the 
professions or trade for a subsistence. This family naturally threw oflF their 
younger branches into Norwich, where they always had a residence. 
From one of these younger sons the present family of the Gumeys of 
Keswick is descended. The Norwich manufactures o£Fered in many 
instances lucrative employment to gentlemen*s sons in Norfolk. The 
county being generally of light soil and uninclosed, consisted for the 

a This MoQged to the families of Clere and Marsham. 



791 PKKFACK TO THE SCCOSD PAST. 



port of fheep-fialk, and was Aerefare a d^vomaUe dfatrict fior the 
f!mMasAm^em.&[Modkiimma^^ In iDiistnidoD of dns fiKt Wil- 

fiam Gamtf^ in 1507t desires bjr will that 700 dieep dioold remain at 
West B^n^diamafterfaisdeadi; acoDsideraMe flodt in diose da^ The 
Norfolk gentlemen prepared or combed dieir wocA rea^ for the marfcety 
and not uufrequentlf were enriched bjr becoming mannfoctnreis. Some 
hmrerer of the p re pared wotA was woren bjr die ladies and females at 
home ; at all erents, die jram was qran bjr them. In Thomas Gonmer^s 
win, dated in 1471, all the wocAen and linen ckiths are left to Margaret 
his wife, being her own work and that of her senrants. 

At the earijr periods after the conquest the Earls Warren exercised 
great power in Norfolk, whilst the feudal sjrstem continaed in ftiD force, 
frmtk being the soperior lords of nomerons manors, which descended to 
theb representatires, the earls and dnkes of Norficdk, whose anthoritj was 
that of petty princes in their jnincipalitj. This was at its zenith in the 
reign of Henry VIIL when Thomas Duke of Norfcdk built the duke*s 
pahux^ in Norwich, and the house at Kenninghall, at which jdaces the 
forms of a court were maintained in miniature. The duke had his council 
and other appendages of sorereign estate. 

The Norfolk fomilies were all more or less his dependents; the 
Gumeyswere certainly of this number. John Gourm^ was seneschal fcnr the 
parts of Norfolk to Richard Eari of Arundel and Surrey in 1386. William 
Gumey was of councfl to the Duke of Norfolk in 1477 ; and the wife and 
daughters of the unfortunate Eari of Surrey, the poet, were sponsors for the 
children of Francis Goumey, although Anthony Gumey his £either was 
foreman of the grand jury which found the eari guflty of high treason. 
The preponderance of the Howards in Norfolk was lost from the attainders 
in the reigns of Henry VIII. and Elizabeth. 

Anthony Gumey, Esq. who married Margaret Lorel in the reign ol 
Henry VIII. had an only son Francis, who died in his £either*s life-time, 
leaiing children. Henry was his eldest son ; he married a Blennerfaasset 
of Suffolk^ by whom he had a large £unily. One of his younger sons 
was ancestor of the present fiunily of the Gumeys of Keswick. Henry 
Goumqr rerided at Great KBingham and West Barsham : he died in 1623, 
and was succeeded in his estates by Edward Goumay, Esq. his grandson. 



NOBFOLK SPORTING. 283 

Thomas Goumey^ his eldest son^ having died in his life-time. Henry 
Goumay, Esq. the son of Edward, was the last of these Norfolk gentlemen 
of the line of West Barsham : he died without issue in 1661, when the 
family estates devolved to his aunts, the sisters of Edward Gournay his 
father, who became coheiresses. 

The Norfolk genUemen have at all times been distinguished sportsmen. 
A curious lawsuit in the year 1315, between John de Goumay and Wil- 
liam de Swathing, is illustrative of this. WiUiam had killed twenty hares, 
eighty rabbits, and one hundred partridges on John de Goumay's manor 
of Swathings — a fair day's sport even in modem times. The open country 
of Norfolk was favourable for hawking and coursing, and greyhounds were 
introduced, as well as the harrier and beagle. By the forest laws of King 
Canute no person was allowed to keep a greyhound under the degree of a 
gentleman. Edward III., who was frequently in Norfolk visiting his 
mother Queen Isabella at Castle Rising, was a great sportsman, and during 
his French wars was accompanied by sixty couple of stag-hounds and as 
many hare-hounds. The pheasant, for which the Norfolk preserves have 
been so celebrated in modern times, took its name from the river Phasis, 
in Asia Minor. It existed in England as early as the reign of Edward I., 
and might perhaps have been introduced by the Crusaders. 

The fairs of various country places were the occasions of frequent 
meetings amongst the gentry of Norfolk; and were important at a period 
when the transfer of goods was not easy. A list of Norfolk fairs in the 
handwriting of Francis Gurney, in the reign of Elizabeth, is preserved in 
Mr. Norris' MS. Collections. 

The arms of the family of the Gourneys of Norfolk were. Argent, a cross 
engrailed gules. The earliest men- 
tion of this coat occurs in 1270; and 
Sir Henry Spelman saw a seal of 
William de Gmnay with this coat 
attached to a deed, dated 1294. 
Sometimes it was borne with a 
cinquefoil azure; doubtless in re- 
ference to this branch of the Gour- 
2p 





284 



PREFACE TO THE SECOND PART. 



neys holding lands under the Bardolphs^ the descendants of the elder line 
of the family ; the Bardolphs hearing Azure^ three dnquefoils or. Per* 
haps it would he an heraldic romance to suppose that the engrailed cross 
of the Gumeys originated in the fact of Hugh de Goumay having brought 
a portion of the true cross from Acre^ in the reign of Ciceur de lion, and 
deposited it in the church of St. Hildevert, at Goumay. (See page 130 of 
this Record.) 




mi^ 




The crest of the Goumeys, the Gurnard fish (Trigla of Linnaeus), occurs 
first about the year 1440. The cap of maintenance, upon which it is 
placed with its head downwards, was assumed at a later period. The 
wrestling collar, which was a badge or device, is mentioned by Sir Henry 
Spelman as the seal of William Gumey, Esq. in the reign of Henry VII.; 
this is borne as a second crest. 

Some writers have attributed to the Norfolk 
Gumeys the arms borne by those of Somersetshire, 
viz.: paly of six or and azure; but wholly without 
foundation. 

The principal authorities from which we have drawn 
the following account of the Norfolk Goumeys are nu- 
merous. In addition to the public records, the docu- 
ments in the British Museum are of great value ; of these 
Le Neve's Norfolk Collections, Additional MSS. No. 8841, and the MS. 
called Vitis Calthorpiana, Harl. 970, have aflforded much information. 
Blomefield compiled his history of this county from court rolls, and other 




AUTHORITIES. 285 

official documents to which he had access^ many of which do not now exist. 
Except the errors in transcribing, his work is both full and accurate^ and 
has afforded us many particulars. 

The works in manuscript of Anthony Norris, Esq. of Barton Turf, 
have been of great assistance in making this collection. This gentleman, 
who died in 1786, devoted a large portion of his time to the investigation 
of the antiquities of Norfolk ; and his manuscript papers, in twenty-eight 
volumes, throw considerable light upon the genealogical history of the 
families of this county. They are in possession of the Right Honourable 
John Hookham Frere, of Roydon, and contain a vast quantity of matter of 
high interest to antiquaries, collected with surprising industry. 

Sir Henry Spelman's pedigree of the Gumeys was compiled from family 
papers, now lost, and although erroneous in some respects is a valuable 
document, stating several facts which are not mentioned elsewhere. It is 
amongst the Spelman manuscripts, collected by Dr. Macro, in the posses- 
sion of Hudson Gumey, Esq. 

The wills of the Goumays at the several offices for proving wills at 
Norwich, and at Doctors* Commons in London, have in several instances 
been transcribed. Some of these are of great antiquity, and full of inter- 
esting matter. 

Sir Charles George Young, Garter King at Arms, has kindly furnished 
copies of pedigrees and other documents in the Heralds' College. Of these 
the heralds' visitations of 1633 and 1664 are important, as affording 
attested proof of descent of the present family of the Gumeys of Keswick 
from that of West Barsham. (See Part III. of this Record.) 



286 



PEDIGREE OF THE GOURNAYS OF NORFOLK. 



Walter db Gournat, held lands in Snffolk, under Manaaser de Dampmartin, in th^. 
reign of Stephen (Liber Niger Scaccarii, vol. i. p. 298), probably son of Qerard < 
GK>nmay and Editha Warren. 



th^ 

Ide • 



William db Gourxat I. Lord of the manor of Runhall, Norfolk, temp. Hen. II. (Placit. 8 John),=p. 
held lands in Suffolk under Manaaser de Dampmartin, and the lordship of Montigny sur Andelle, in the j 
pays de Brai, in Normandy. I 



HOOH DE GoURNAT, 

of Letton, contem- 
poraxy with Mat- 
thew, gave lands in 
Letton to Lewes Pri- 
ory* 



Rose, dau. and heii^Sir Matthew de Gournat, 



of Reginald Fitz- 
Philip, or de Bum- 
ham, given in mar- 
riage by her kinsman 
Earl Warren, about 
1184. 



Knight, Lord of Runhall and 
Swathings, in Hardingham, 
held under the Lords of 
Goumay, also in right of his 
wife of Harpley Goumays ; 
living 1206. 



I 
Geoffrt db 

GK)URNAY, 

brother of 
Matthew, 
witness to a 
deed of lands 
in Gaywood. 



Lewis db Gournat, probably^MATiLDA. 
brother of Matthew; paid mo- 
ney for Hugh de Goumay V. 
in Normandy; had an interest 
in the manor of Swathings; 
died about 1213. Norf. fines. 
Norman Pipe Roll, 1184. 



n 



r 



Katharine, Norf. fines, 27 Hen. III.5j=Sir William de Gournat, Knt. II. Lord of Harpley, &c. ; liv. 1284 & 1243. Thomas, Norf. fine. 

^~1 

Matthew db Gournat, held=HAWiSE, N. N.^Sir John Gournat. Knt. I. living 1246; present at battles of Lewes and Evesham; 



lands in Dunston 1251. Norf. 
fine, 41 Hen. Ill, 



Edmund de Gurnay, held a 
quarter of a knight^s fee in 
Houghton, of the honour of 
Wormegay, in 1308, 81 
Edw. I. 



presented by jury of Mitford in 1257 for not being knighted; accompanied Edw. I. 
to Holy Land in 1270; his arms Ai^gent, a cross engrailed gules. 



T 



KATHARiNE,:9:SirWiLUAM DE Gournat, Knt HI. 1286, 



1 



probably 
Bacons- 
thorpe. 



14 Edw. I.; Lord of Gurnay *s manor in 
Harpley, Hardingham, Hingham, &c. ; 
grante<!titll his lands to his brother John, 
Rector of Harpley in 1294 ; seals with an 
engrailed cross. 



John deGurnat,II. PrieBt,Rectorand Patron 
of Harpley, Lord of the manors of Guroeys 
in Harpley, Swathings in Hardingham, Hing- 
ham.Guraeys, Brandeston, Welbume, Rey* 
merston, 1315; died 1332; buried at Harp- 
ley. 



Jane, dau. of Edmund de Lexham, married=7=JoHN de Gurnet, III. heir to his uncle John, Rector of Harp- 
before 1324, or in that year. | ley, presented to that living in 1332; living 27 Edw. III. 



N. N.=r. 



H. 



N.=i=JoHN GuRNAT, Juuior, IV. mentioned in a deed of his uncle's, 1331, 



Edmund. Wiluam. 



Katharinb, dau. and eventually heir of Sir WilIiam=r^i>MUND Gournet, son and heir, held his first court at Harpley, 1354; was a 
Waunci, Knight, of West Barsham, Lord of Dep- lawyer of eminence, and was standing council to the city of Norwich; died 1385, 
den, Suffolk, and of Denver, Norfolk. | 8 Ric. II. ; Lord of West Barsham, Norfolk, in right of his wife, there buried. 



Jeanne, mar. Osbert 
Mundeford, of Hock- 
wold, Norfolk, Esq. 
(Cook Clar. Visit. 
1622). 



Alice, dau. and coh. of John=Sir John Gournet, Knight, V . styled of West Barsham 
de Heylesdon, married before and of Baconsthorpe, Sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk 
1396; mar. 2ndly, Sir John 1 Hen. IV. (1400); knight of the shire for Norfolk in 
Wiltshire, Knt.; 3dly, Rich- the parliament of Ck>ventry, 1404; died 1407, s. p. 
ard Selling, Esq. 1433. 



(RoBERT)=p. , 
Gournet. 



r 



Catharine Kbrvillb, of the ikmily seated at=r=THOMAS Gournat, Esq. I. nephew and heir of Sir John, 1437, of West Barsham, and 
Wiggenhall St. Mary and Watlington. 

i 



i-plHOMAS UOURNAT, £<Sq. 1. nepUCW aUQ neir OI Oir JODU, A«o«, ui vreai. MMu: 

I of Norwich; used a gurnard fish in pale for a crest; died before 1465. 



Catharine, mar. John Baxter, of 
Fomcet, Norfolk, Gent. (Cook 
Clar. Visit 1622). 



Margaret, dau. of Sir Thomas Jer-^THOMAS Gournet, Esq. II. son and heir, Lord of West 
ningham, of Somer I^tqrton, Suffolk, Barsham, Harpley, &c. will proved 27 July 1471. 
Knight. I 



PEDI6BEE OF THE GOURNAYS OF NORFOLK. 



287 



m 



Anhb, dan. of Sir William Calthoqpe, Knight,^WiLUAM Ousnet, Esq. IV. son and heir, of West Barsham, and John. Eomuno. 



of Boniham, by the dan. of Lord Grey de 
Rnthyn. 



of Pockthorpe by Norwich, living 1494, nsed the wrestling collar 
as a crest, escheator for Norfolk; died 1508. 



Elizabeth, nuu 
dement Her- 
wmrd, Esq. of 
Aldboroagh, 
Norfolk. 



Sir Lionrl=Anne, dau. of=r Willi am Gukhkt, 



Dtmockb, Sir Henry 

Knight, of Heydon, of 

Maring.011. Baconsthorpe, 

the-Hill, KnightfCousin 

Lincoln- to Queen Ann 

shire, 2d h. Boleyn. 



Esq. Jan. y. 1499, 
liTing at Intead, 
and died before his 
fother. 



f 
Walter GoiurET, 
of Cley by the 
Sea, Norfolk, an- 
cestor of the Gor- 
neys of Gawston 
and Aylshanu 



Thomas Guiinet, his fiither^ Chrisio- 

executor, ancestor of the Ghuv phbb, a 

neys of Dartmonth, London, priest^ 

and Essex, temp. Elizabeth, rector of 

1590; his grandson, Richard Eb^pley. 
Ghimey, was Sheriff of Lon- 
don. 



C0.ISTANCE, mar. Ralf Blundeville, 2d hush. 

William Bokenham. 

Frakces, mar. Ghwcoyne, of Yorkshire. 

Alice, mar. Henry Dengaine, Esq. of Brun- 

stead, Norfolk. 
Amy, mar. John Sybsey, Cknt. 
EUZABETH, Prioress of Thetford, 1518. 



Margaret, dau. and coheir 
Sir Robert Lovel, Knight, and 
one of the representatives of 
the Lords Mortimer, of Attle- 
borough, brought Qreai Elling- 
ham and other estates; died 
before 1536. 



of^AHTHONT 



Gurnet, Esq.: 
of West Barsham and 
Great Ellingham, and of 
Gumey's Place, St Ju- 
lian's parish, Norwich, 
1511, 1535; died 1556. 



=EUZA- 
BETH 

Ttrrsl, 

second 

wife. 



Henry Gurnet, 
mentioned in the 
will of Sir L. Dy- 
mocke, his step- 
fiither, probably 
mar. Katharine 
Brandon.>|^ 



Sla, mar. Drury, 

Esq.; 2 h. Christopher 
Seyve, of Mundford, 
Gent. 



Helen, dau. of Robert Holditch, of Ran-^FRANcis Gurnet, Esq. of 
worth, Esq. mar. 6 Aug. 1543; 3 h. John Intead, bo. 20 Aug. 1521, 
Jemegan, married at St. Mary's, Nor- died v. p. ; buried at 
wich. Intead. 



Aims. 



nrr 



Elizabeth, bom 3 Jan. 1545; 
mar. Richard Stubbe, Esq. of 
Baconsthorpe, mar. at Irstead, 
25 Sept. 1561. 



Frances, bom 

1647. 



One of these to Francis 
Bendysbe, cousin of the 
other Bendyshe. 

Abigail. 
Anne, m« 



Elizabeth, bom 1545, 
mar. William CK>lding, 
of Foraham, Suffolk; 2 

h. Bendyshe, of 

Bumpstead, Essex. 



Ellen, dau. o^t^Henry Gurnet, Antbont^Susan, dau. 



John Blenner- 
hasset, of Ban- 
ham, Suffolk, 
Esq. 



Thomas 
Osborne, 

Amt. 

Mart. 



Eliza- 
beth, 



Esq. I. of West 
Banham and Kl- 
lingbam. bom 
1548, will proved 
1623. 



Gurnet, 

bom 

1550. 



Martha, dau. of^=THOMA8 Hsnrt. 



Salford, 
of Lon- 
don. 



Sir Edw. Lewk- 
nor, of Denham 
in Suffolk, Knt. 
died beforo 1639, 
buried at West 
Barsham. 



Gurnat, 
Esq. III. of 
West Bars- 
ham, died 
V. p. in 
1614. 



Edmund Gurnat, 
Fellow of Corpus 
Ck>ll. Camb. Rector 
of Edgefield and 
Harpley, Norfolk, 
author of several 
works. See Ful* 
ler's Worthies, &c 



m 

HONT. F; 



of Clement 
Palgrave, 
£^. of Bar- 
ningham, 
Norfolk. 



Thomas, mar. — 
dau. of Reanes or 
Reames by Aylsham 

Squ. of Overstrand?). 
Cook Clar. 1622). 



Anthont, 
Bassino- 

BOURN, 

died v. p, 



RANas Gur- 
net, of Lon- 
don, meroh.; 
for his de- 
scendants see 
Part IIL of 
this Record. 
Leonard. 



Henrt. a daughter, 
mar. ■ 

Leedes, a 
"preacher." 
(Cook Clar. 
1622). 



IT 



Martha, mar. William Smith, of Walsing- 
ham Magna, died 1643; 2 h. Charles Cal- 
th«pe, of Groat Massingbam, Gent. 

SlXSN, mar. Robert Longe, Esq. of Rey- 
menton, his 4th wife. 

£uzABETH, mar. Bozoun Crowe, of East 
BUiiey, Esq. 



Margaret, mar. William 
Davy, Esq. who had by 
her Great Ellingham. 

DoROTHT, of St. George^ 
Tombland, Norwich, will 
proved 1641. 

Susan. 



Robert :^Frances,^Edward Gournay, 



Longe, 
Esq. of 
Reymer- 
stone, 
Norfolk, 
2d hush. 



dau. of 

Richard 

Hovel, 

Esq. of 

HUling- 

ton. 



Esq. of West Bars- 
ham, bom 1608, 
succeeded hisgrand- 
fother in 1623, died 
1641, bur. at West 
Barsham. 



Thomas Gur* 
NAY,Barrister- 
at- Law, living 
1662, married 

Bridget , 

bu. in Norwich 
Cathedral. 



PxAHCBE, a dau. mentioned in her aunt Dorothy Gur- 
nfljls will, dead before 1661, bur. at West Barsham. 



Ellen, dau. of William Adams,=HENRY Gurnay, Esq. II. of West Barsham, 
Esq. Barrister-at-Law. bom 1632, died aged 29 in 1661, s. p. 



288 



WALTER DE GOURNAY 

Is the first of this branch of the Lords of Goumay which occurs ; it 
appears he was a younger son of Gerard de Goumay and Editha Warren. 

This Walter de Goumay is mentioned in the Liber Niger Scaccarii, as 
holding a quarter of a knight's fee in Suffolk^ under Manasser de Damp- 
martin, in the reign of Stephen. The Liber Niger is an ancient record, 
containing the names of the great military tenants who held their fiefs of 
the king in capite, and who paid relief upon the occasion of the marriage 
of Matilda, second daughter of Henry IL with Henry Duke of Bavaria and 
Saxony, in 1 167. The Liber Niger was published by Heame in 1774 ; in 
vol. L p. 298, of his edition is the following passage : 

Carta Manaseri de Danmartin. 

H. Regi Anglorum, karissimo domino suo, Manasserus de Domin. Mar- 
tin, salutem et fidele servitium. 

Notum vobis facio, quod vobis facio servitium unius militis de Dominio 
meo, et tantum fecit pater mens in tota vita sua, et ego post illius obitum 
tantum feci die qua Rex H. fuit vivus et mortuus. Et in tempore gwerrce 
de illofeodo dedi Walter o de Gomaco unum quart, milit. Et nunc illam 
partem tenet WiUelmtis filvus suus, in auxilio michi illud servitium faciend. 
Et de novo fefamento nihil habeo. 

From this it is clear that Walter de Goumay was enfeoflfed of u quarter 
of a knight's fee under Manasser de Danmartin " tempore guerrse," that 
is, during the civil war between King Stephen and the Empress Maude ; 
and that William de Goumay his son held the same in J 167, when the aid 
was paid upon the marriage of Henry the Second's daughter. 

It does not appear whether Walter de Goumay held the manors of 
Swathings and Hingham Gumey's, possessed by his descendants. Blome- 
field states that the latter was part of the great manor of Hingham, 
" which was granted to this younger branch of the family before the for- 



1167.] 



MANOR OF HINGHAM GURNEY S. 



289 



feiture," * by Hugh de Goumay V. ; but at what period he does not say, 
although no doubt his statement was made from evidences belon^g to 
the manor of Hingham Gurney's at the time he wrote, and to which he 
must have had access. 

The fiefs of the Dammartins in SuflFolk were at Mendlesham and Cotton, 
in the Hartesmere hundred. (Appendix XLV.) 

» Vol. il p. 445. 




290 



WALTER DE 60URNAY. 



[part 11; 



APPENDIX XLV. 



ON THE DAMMARTINS IN ENGLAND. 



The family of Dammartin (in Latin de Do- 
minio Martini) who held fiefs in England, were 
undoubtedly a branch of the lords of Dan- 
martin in the Isle of France (see Appendix 
XXXVIL p. 177). Basilia, the wife of Odo 
de Danmartin, who died in 1131, paid sixty 
marks of silver for the possession of her dower 
in the dlst Henry I.* (1130). She might 
possibly, from her name, be a daughter of 
Hugh de Goumay and Basilia Flaitel. Odo 
de Dammartin, the son, in the same year ren- 
dered account of 100 marks of silver for his 
father's lands. Manasser de Dammartin, men- 
tioned in the Liber Niger in the passage quoted, 
was apparently another son of Basilia, and en- 
feoffed Walter de Goumay of the quarter of a 
knight's fee ; he held his lands as early as the 
reign of Henry L and at the death of that king. 
(Liber Niger.) He was a benefactor to the 
monastery of St. Edmund at Bury, as appears 
by the Registrum Nigrum S**. Edmundi, fol. 
110, verso, where is the following charter : — 

<< Omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis Ma- 
nasserus de Dammartino salutem. Notum vo- 

* Mag. Rot. Pip. 81 Hen. I. Nora Plaotta, p. 94. 



bis sit quod medietatem ecclesie de Cottuna 
quam ego et predecessones mei habuimus, pro 
reverentia Sancti Edmundi ecclesie prefati 
sancti martyris dono et concedo. Etiam v. 
sochmannos in Angeshala in perpetuam elee- 
mosynam dono." 

This Manasser de Dammartin was a justice 
itinerant in the reign of Henry II. Alberic 
and William de Dammartin were his contempo- 
raries.t 

Manasser held three knight's fees under Wal- 
ter de Mediana, in Kent ; and it is remarkable 
that William de Gomaco occurs holding half a 
knight's fee under the same person. { This 
family of Danunartin, as being descended from 
Odo or Otho de Dammartin, were afterwards 
called Fitzotho, Lords of Mendlesham, in Suf- 
folk, and of Strumshaw, in Norfolk. John de 
Botetourt married Maude the heiress of this 
family, in the 30 Edw. I. and was in her right 
Lord of Mendlesham. The Bardolfs, it appears, 
acquired Strumshaw by purchase of Botetourt.§ 

t Liber Niger, toI. i. p. 298. 

It Ibid. p. 59. 

§ Blomefleld in StmmshAw. 



291 



WILLIAM DE GOURNAY I. 

« 

Was son of Walter de Gournay (Liber Niger Seaecarii, vol. i. p. 298) 
and held a quarter of a knight's fee in Suffolk under Manasser de Damp 
martin, in 1 167, the fourteenth year of King Henry 11. In the same reign 
he was Lord of Montigny-sur-Andelle,* in the pays de Bray. This he held 
in capite of the crown, and it formed, with other vills and manors, a portion 




CHAPBL AT MONTrainr. 



Les Olim par le Comte de Beugnot, vol. i. p. 85. 

2q 



292 WILLIAM DB GOURNAY I. [PART II. 

or parcel of the great fief of Brai, which had been severed from that fief^ 
or honour, in favour of this younger branch of the Goumays. 

This system of dividing a fiet on the death of the lord prevailed in Nor- 
mandy, and was called parage^ from the younger son holding his severed 
portion on the same terms, pari conditione, with the eldtfr. The fact, there- 
fore of William de Goumay having held this manor of Montigny in capite, 
forms an undoubted proof of his descent from the Lords of Goumay. (See 
Appendix XLVI. upon the tenure in parage.) 

William de Goumay subenfeoffed the family called de Montigny of this 
fief of Montigny, which family held in the pays de Brai * half a knight's 
fee at that place, and at Maci (Massy), Launoi (L'aunaye), and Le Her- 
loter (La Harlottiere) : these therefore may be considered to have formed 
part of William de Goumay's Norman fief. (Appendix XLVII). Of these 
places, Maci (Massy) had been part of the honour of Gerard de Goumay,* 
as he confirmed the donation of the church there made by his father 
Hugh III. to the abbey of Bee. It is therefore certain that this severance 
of the great fief of Bray in favour of this younger line must have taken 
place on the death of Gerard, or about 1104, as Walter de Goumay and 
William his son lived before the year 1180, when Hugh de Goumay IV., 
son of Gerard, died ; so that no severance of the great fief of Bray could 
have taken place between the years 1104 and 1180. It follows, as a con- 
sequence from these facts, that Walter de Goumay must have been a son 
or grandson of Gerard. 

The proof that William de Goumay held the fief of Montigny in capite 
of the crown, is contained in the following petition of Eustace de Mon- 
tigny to Louis IX. King of France in 1259, preserved in Les Registres 
01im.« (Paris, 1839, vol. i. p. 85.) Eustace petitions the king that he may 
be allowed to sell the woods of his fief of Montigny without the tax called 



a Register of Normandy by the Bishop of Senlis. Bib. du Roi, No. 8408, 22 B. (Appendix 
XXXm. No. 2, p. 169.) 

^ Histoire de Haute Normandie, vol. i. p. 583. 

^ These registers were called " Olim/' as they were so quoted in later times from having 
been made " formerly "— o/»m. 



A, D. 1167.] FIEF OF MONTIGNY-SUR-ANDELLE. 293 

Tiers et damger^ as his ancestors always had done ; who had held the 
fief of the gift of the Lord William de Goumay, who gave it to them as 
freely as he himself had held it of our lord the king, for which gift he had 
made a charter to them, which King Henry (the Second of England) con- 
firmed. The petition is as follows : 

'^ Eustachius de Montigniaco armiger petebat a domino Rege quod sibi 
permitteret ut posset vendere libere et quitte, absque tercio et dangerio, 
nemora sua de feodo de Montigniaco, ubicunque sint, prout antecessores 
sui semper fecerunt et tenuerunt de dono domini Guillelmi de Gomaio, qui 
sibi dedit ita libere et quitte, sicut ipsemet tenebat \ Domino Rege, de quo 
sibi fecit cartam quam Rex Henricus confirmavit. Verum petit super hoc 
inquestam patrie utrum antecessores sui ita libere et quitte tenuerunt : 
Non probat idem Eustachius quod possit vendere nemora sua predicta 
sine tercio et dangerio, nee vendat.*' 

The vills or manors with which the family of De Montigny had been 
enfeoffed by this junior branch of the Goumays were for the most part 
included in the chatellenie of Argueil ; and Mr. Stapleton, the learned 
editor of the Norman Rolls, is of opinion that the castle of Argueil, and 
its dependances, formed the portion of the great fief of Brai which was 
given to Walter de Goumay upon the death of his father Gerard. The 
town of Argueil, anciently Orgueil, is built in the valley through which the 
river Andelle runs ; the castle is supposed to have been on a neighbouring 
hill, called Mont Sauveur, from this fortalice being a place of refuge and 
safety for the surrounding country. Fragments of ancient armour and of 
utensils have been found on this site of the castle of the Goumays. No 
remains of the castle exist at present : it was taken by Philip Augustus in 
1202, and totally destroyed, 

William de Goumay I. was vritness to the deed of Hugh de Goumay IV. 
confirming the gift of Payn of Elboeuf to the monastery of St. Sauveur. 
(Appendix XXII. p. 123.) 

• Tercium was a third of the wood cut down, which accrued to the lord of a fief, or the value 
of it. Dangerium (domigerium) was the tithe of the wood so cut down, so that in thirty acres 
the lord received thirteen acres of the wood, or the value of it. This ta^ was called Tiers et 
danger. 



2d4 



WILLIAM DE GOURNAY I. 



[part II. 




^^^^.^ 



MONT 8AUTBUR AT ARGUEIL. 



This William de Goumay was lord of the manor of Runhall, in Norfolk, 
in the reign of Henry II.* Blomefield states that the Gourneys were en- 
feoffed of the manor of Runhall by the Fitzwalters, who were certainly 
nearly related to them through Basilia Flaitel, wife of Hugh de Goumey 
III., Rohese, her niece, daughter of Walter Giffard, having married Richard 
de Tunbridge, ancestor of the Clares and Fitzwalters. 

William de Gumey also held lands in Swathings, as appears by a suit 
between his son Matthew de Goumey and Gilbert de Runhall, wherein 
Matthew pleads that William his father held these lands and a mill in 
Swathings and Runhall, in the reign of Henry 11. : an office copy of this 
suit is given (Appendix LIII. No. 2) ; it is omitted in the Abbreviatio 
Placitorum, printed by the Record Commissioners. 

William de Goumey enfeoffed Gilbert de Runhall of part of his manor of 
Uphall, in Runhall, before the year 1 195.^ 

He occurs as witness to two deeds, sans date, of conveyance of land at 



* Blomefield in Runhall, vol. ii. p. 474. 



^ Ibid. 



A. D. 1189.] GAYWOOD CHARTERS. 295 

Gajrwood, by Lynn. These deeds are copied from the origmals in the pos- 
session of the dean and chapter of Norwich, by Mr. Norris in his MSS.* 
In the last he is called Dominus Willelmus de Gumei, from whence we 
infer that he was at that time a knight. The reason why William de Gumei 
and Matthew his son were witnesses to conveyance of lands at Gajrwood 
was, probably, their being lords of the manor of South Wootton, in the im- 
mediate neighbourhood, which was certainly possessed by their descendant 
Sir John de Goumay in the reign of Henry III. (Appendix XLVIII.) 

It seems likely from the plea quoted above (Appendix LIII. No. 2), 
where this William de Goumay is expressly said to have held lands in 
Swathings, that he was enfeoffed of that manor and Hingham Gumeys by the 
elder or Norman branch of the family. His descendants held these manors 
as mesne lords under the Norman barons, who were tenants of the crown in 
capite ; and this younger branch was sub-enfeoflFed under the elder line an- 
terior to the forfeiture of his estates by Hugh de Goumey in 1206.*' Copies 
of deeds exist whereby it appears that the family of the Burgundians, or 
Le Bourguignons, were enfeoflfed by the Goumeys of this manor of 
Swathings. Swathings, in fact, was a Saxon town many centuries since 
depopulated ; the lands belonging to it are now included in the townships of 
Cranworth and Letton. Runhall was a beruite or hamlet to it, and it 
included the principal part of Hardingham and lands in Thurston.^ This 
town of Swathings, and Hingham Gumey's, which joined it, were given by 
the Norman Goumeys to this younger branch of their family — either to this 
William de Goumay, or his father Walter. 

The Burgundians, to whom the two Hugh de Goumeys conveyed it, were 
amongst the feudal tenants of the Gumeys in Normandy (see App. XXI. 
p. 122). How this manor was lost to the Burgundians and given to this 
younger branch of the Goumeys, does not appear. Probably this occurred 
by escheat, as the family of Le Bourguignon remained in Normandy after it 
was lost to King John, and mutual escheats and compensations for lost fiefs 



* Noma's MSS. Tanstead Hundred, page 55. 
^ Blomefield in Hingham Gurney's, vol. ii. p. 445. 
c Ibid, in Cranworth, vol. x. p. 199. 



396 WILLIAM DE OOURNAY I. [pART 11. 

were made by the Kings of France and England upon the separation of the 
duchy of Normandy from England. These manors might, therefore, be given 
to this branch of the Goumays in compensation for Norman fiefs which 
they had lost. 

William de Gumey had issue Matthew de Goumey, and also GeoflErey de 
Goumey, who occurs as witnessing a deed of lands at Gajrwood with Mat- 
thew his brother. Of both these we give an account hereafter. 

The plea (Appendix LIII. No. 2) implies this William de Gournay did 
not live after the time of Henry II.* 



* It seems likely that it was this same William de Garnay who held the manor of Edintune, 
now Addington, in Kent In the Textus Roffensis (Cotton. MSS.) is a charter of Gilbert 
Bishop of Rochester, confirming to the see of Rochester " quinque solidos pro decima de Edin- 
tune ex dono Willelmi de Gumaco.'' Addington is in the hundred of Larkfield, lathe of Aylesford, 
in Kent Gilbert de Glanville was Bishop of Rochester from 1 185 to 1214. This same William 
de Goumaj held of the honour of Mayenne, in Kent, in 1165. See Carta Walteri de Meduana 
Liber Niger, vol. i. p. 58. Henrico Dei gratia regi Anglorum, karissimo domino suo, Walterus 
de Meduana salutem et fidele servitium. Notum sit vobis quod anno et die in quo Rex Henricus 
avus vester vivus et mortuus fuit, tenuit Galfridus Talebot in capite de illo xx milites, quos gra- 
tia vestra modo de vobis teneo scilicet ; Manasserus de Dammartin, iii milites, &c. De novo 
feoffamento in tempore Regis Stephani, Willelmus de Gomaco tenet de dominio meo dimidium 
militis, undo nullum servitium habeo." William de Gournay had probably been enfeoffed of 
this by the Talbots, his relations. 

In the Register Ecclesis Roffensis (Cotton. MS. Domitian X. p. 91), is a charter of Galiena 
de Guruay, granddaughter of this William de Gumay, confirming to the church of St. Andrew's 
at Rochester the gift of the tithes of Edintune made by her gprandfather William de Gumay. 
<< Omnibus Christi fidelibus, Graliena de Gumay etemam in Domino salutem* Notum sit univer- 
sitati vestre quod Willelmus de Gumay avus mens, pro Dei amore et salute anime sue et anteces- 
somm et successorum'suomm, dedit ecclesie Sancti Andree Roucestrie et monachis ejusdem loci in 
liberam et perpetuam elemosinam quasdam dedmas in villa sua de Edintune, sed quia decime ille 
disperse erant et potuemnt in commodum venire persone ipsius ecclesie de Edintune, provisum est 
et statutum ut quilibet illius ecclesie persona nomine decimamm illarum liberaliter solvent 
annuatim predictis monachis Roucestrie quinque solidos ad festum Sancti Andree. Hanc avi mei 
donationem et istam inter monachos et personam ecclesie illius constitutionem, ego et heredes 
mei ratam habemus, et ut firma et illibata permaneat, sigilli nostri appositione roboramus. 
Hiis testibus," &c. This manor of Addington was afterwards in a family of the name of Mande- 
yille, according to Hasted in his History of Kent Why this Kentish fief did not descend in the 



A. D. 1189.] 



ROBERT DE LAUNAYB. 



297 



Contemporary with this William de Goumay I. was Robert de Launaye, 
or de Alneto, who, after being a monk at Whitby, led an hermitical life at 
Hode in Yorkshire (see page 82). He is said in the Monastieon* to have 
been uncle or nephew of Gundred de Goumay, wife of Niel d'Albini, and 
to have assisted her in founding Byland abbey. We have before stated 
that Launay was one of the vills or manors in the pays de Bray, belong- 
ing to the Goumays of Swathings, and it seems for some reason this Robert 
assumed the appellation of De Launay from this place ; from this we 
suppose he must have been of this branch of the family of Goumay. 
Robert de Launay, or de Alneto, occurs as a benefactor to the abbey of 
Beaubec, in the foundation charter of that abbey by Hugh de Goumay IV. 
after the year 1147. (Appendix XYHI. No. 1.) 

same line as those in Norfolk I do not discover. There were Goumays at a later period in Kent, 
The will of John Gumey, of Northfleet, Kent, was proved in 1475. 
»• Old Monasticon, p. 1028. 




■>^^ --^ .- *-,>. 



298 



WILLIAM DE GOUKNAY I. 



[fart II. 



APPENDIX XLVI. 



ON THE TENURE IN PARAGE, OR IN PARAGIO. 



This tenure by the younger son of the lord 
of a Norman fief, arose from the division or 
severance of the fiefs in Normandy upon the 
death of the lord. The eldest son had the 
largest portion of the honour, and the choice of 
that portion ; the younger sons held their por- 
tions of the superior lord, as their elder brother 
did his, and were not subjects or vassals of the 
elder brother ; hence the word parcLgium^ from 
the younger son holding his lands pari condi- 
Hone with the elder, by equal condition as to 
tenure. The elder son, however, did homage 
to the superior lord for the whole fief ; and this 
went on for seven generations, when all affinity 
was supposed to cease; and after that, the 
descendants of the younger son owed homage 
and military service, and became the feudal 
vassals of the desooidants of the elder broUier, 
and the paragium ceased. 

Ducange describes Paragium— *< Quicquid 
feudale k fratre primogenito secundogenitis in 
partem b»reditatis dator, qui id ab ipso primo- 
genito fi^tre tenent, pari ac ille reliquum feu- 
dum conditione ; absque tamen homagio (quod 
is pro toto feodo dominico prestat) usque ad 
septimam generationem, quA finitft, omnia san- 
gruinis affinitas extincta censetur; tom enim 
qui exdpiunt,homagium praratant primogoiitis." 

The Grand Coutumier of Normandy explains 
the tenure in parage as follows : — 

** Tenure par Ftoige adecertes si est fet 
quant le tenant et celui del quel le fieu est tenus 



sont pers par la reson del lignage, qui descent 
de leurs antecesseurs, et en cette mani^re tien- 
nent les puisnez des ainznez de si atant que il 
viengnent au sesime d^r6 de leritage. Mes 
dilec en avant, li puisnez si sont tenus a faire 
fealte k Tainzn^, et quant vendra au septisme 
degr6, ils tendront encore de Tainzn^ par ho- 
mage, m6s dillec en avant tout c*en qui par le 
devant estoit tenu en P^urage, il sera tenu apr^ 
par hommage. Li ainznez poet fere justice sur 
les puisnez pour les rentes et pour les services 
que appartiennent as seignors del fieu, &c*'— i- 
And again — " Les puisnez seront tenus a fare 
falt6 a leur ainznez ou a leurs successeurs 
quant le lingnage sera al^ et desceidu siques 
au sisime genoil. £1 septisme degr6 les puisnez 
seront tenus k fere k leur ainznez homage, quer 
le septisme degr€ est etaUi tout an dehors des 
lignes de saagoinit^.'* 

This tenure in parage was never introduced 
into England by the Normans. The Sazoii 
gavelkind differed firom it, inasmuch as there 
was no military service in it, and the inheri- 
tance was equally divided amongst all the sons. 

Of the English tenures, that of lands held in 
frank-marriage most nearly resembled the te- 
nure in parage ; in this case a portion of a fief 
was given on the marriage of a son or daughter, 
and was held of the superior lord free of ho- 
mage and feudal service to the eldest son of the 
donor and his descendants unto the third heir, 
or fourth generation, wben4he feudal services 



APP. XLVII.] 



FAMILY OF MONTIGNY. 



299 



and homage became again due from the de- 
scendants of the frank-marriage to the de- 
scendants of the eldest son. 



The tenure by parage existed in other pro- 
vinces of France besides Normandy; it was 
abolished in Britanny in 1187. 



APPENDIX XLVII. 



ON THE FAMILY OF MONTIGNI. 



This family, which took its name from the 
Till of Montigni, were amongst the early feudal 
tenants of the Goumays. Ricardus de Mon- 
teni is witness to the charter of Hugh de 
Goumay IV. on the foundation of the priory 
of Beaubec. Ancelinus de Monteni was wit- 
ness to another charter of the same Hugh in 
1 172 : he and William de Monteni were pro- 
bably sons of Richard. The immediate pre- 
decessor of Eustace de Montigni, whose peti- 
tion we g^ve in the text, was Ingerran de Mon- 
teni, as appears by the Register of Philip 
Aug^tus, compiled in 1220 by Guerin, the 
Bishop of Senlis, which contains every knight's 
fee in the pays de Bray — 

<< Ingerannus de Monteniaco (tenet) dimi- 
dium feodum (militis) ad Monteniacum, ad 
Maci, et Launoy, et ad La Herloter,"* 

La Halottiere and Launey are just opposite 
Montigny on the right bank of the Andelle. 



Massy is higher up, adjoining Fontaine en 
Bray. Close to La Halottiere is the hamlet of 
Normanville, on the left bank of the Andelle, 
in the parish of Mesnil Lieubrai, and beyond, 
the vill of Heronchelle-chef-de-reau and Sal- 
monville. In them, in 1 220, iVtco^ de Montigni 
and Hugh de Normanville had a knight's fee, 
<^ ad Normanville, ad Heronchel, ad Capud aque 
et ad Salamonisvillam.*' 

In the Livre d'l voire, in the public library at 
Rouen, we read that Isabella, wife of Nicholas 
de Monteigni, knight, at Normanville, in her 
chapel, in the year 1217, swore to observe the 
agreement made between her husband and the 
chapter of Rouen, relating to the churches of 
Brachi and Magneville-Le-Goupi. William de 
Montigni was son of this Nicholas. The whole 
of this inheritance of the family of Montigny 
passed afterwards to that of Marlet of Baque- 
ville. 



APPENDIX XLVIII. 



DEEDS OF CONVEYANCE OF LAND AT GAYWOOD BY LYNN. 



No.L 

From Norris MSS. Excerpta e chartis 
antiquis. 

Sciant, &c quod ego Ailvricus filius Cols- 
* Appendix XXXni. No. 2.^. 173. 



queni Graffard de Geywood concessit &c. Ade 
de Gemmue et heredibus suis unam acram 
terre mee et dimidium in villa de Geywood, 
apud Wragescraft in campis de Geywood, versus 
Wootton, et pro homagio et servitio suo et 
pro XX solidis argenti, &c. tenenda de me, &c. 



2 R 



300 



WILLIAM DE GOURNAY I. 



[part II. 



Reddendo inde annuatim mihi, &c. tres denarios 
de censu, &c. 

Testibus Galfrido Capellaoo de Wootton. 
Philippo Capellano. Willelmo de Gurnei. Hu- 
gone de Wootton. Philippo filio Macelin. Si- 
mone Trevatore. Thoma filio Ricardi. Eus- 



tachio de Wootton. Willelmo filio Thome de 
Geywood, Philippo filio suo. Radulfo clerico et 
multis aliis. 

The seal 1|- inches in diameter, a lion pas- 
sant. Circumscription : 



SIGILL eLFRiai FIL 0OLSV0NI GR3SFSRD. 



No. 2. 

Sciant &c. quod ego Adam de Gememue 
dedi &c. Johanni filio Gralfridi de South 
Wootton et heredibus suis, &c. pro homagio et 
servitio suo, &c et pro tribus solidis argenti, &c, 
unam Hogam terre que jacet inter bogas que 
fuerunt Ang'i Capellani et vocantur parve 
hoge et inter croftam que fiiit Simonis le 
Trovur, tenenda &c. de me et heredibus meis, 
&c. Reddendo inde annuatim, &c, quinque 



denarios, &c. Testibus Domino Willelmo de 
Gurnei. Hugone filio Roberti. Philippo filio 
Macelin. Galfredo de Haclose. Galfrido filio 
Brie' de Mintling. Reginaldo et Malg'o. Ada 
Philippo et Stephano filiis Brusnei. Johanne 
Pigot. Philippo filio Petri. Stephano filio 
Philippi Clerici et aliis. 



Inter munimenta Dec. et Cap. Norvici. 

Capsula xi™«. 



301 



MATTHEW DE GOURNAY, 

Son of William de Goumay I. (Appendix LIII. No. 2), lived in the reign 
of Henry II. Richard I. and John ; he and his brother Geoffrey occur as 
witnesses to a deed without date, but Mr. Norris thinks about the year 
1160, concerning a house at Gay wood held of the Prior and Convent of 
Norwich.* (Appendix XLIX.) 

Some time before the 30th of Henry II. 1184, Rose, daughter and heir 
of Reginald de Burnham, or Fitz Philip of Harpley in Norfolk, was given 
in marriage to this Matthew de Goumay, by Hameline ^ Earl Warren, 
capital lord of that manor; a copy of the deed is preserved in the 
Harl. MSS.^ and is as follows : 

" Hamelinus Comes Warren omnibus Baronibus suis Anglis, ceterisque 
hominibus suis salutem. Sciant presentes et futuri quod Ego dedi Mat- 
thseo de Goumey filiam Reginald! filii Philippi in uxorem et totam here- 
ditatem suam sibi et heredibus suis tenendam de me et heredibus meis, 
eodem servitio quod terra debet. 

" Testes. Petrus de Hobus," &c. 

This deed, together with that of Sir William Fitz Philip, respecting this 
marriage, is mentioned by Sir Henry Spelman :^ the seal was appended to 
it. " That of the Earl, a man at arms in an oval round, with the cir- 
cumscription decayed. The seal of Fitz Philip, like the said Earl's, saving 
it was not altogether so large, and in a perfect round, with the superscrip- 
tion, likewise decayed." 

By this marriage Gumey's manor in Harpley, being the moiety of the 
Harpley manor, given to Reginald by William de Burnham, his brother, 

• Norris MSS. 

^ Hameline was natural son of Geoffrey Flantagenet, Earl of Anjou, and therefore half-brother 
to Henry II. who gave him in marriage Isabel, daughter and heiress of William third Earl of 
Warren and Surrey. — ^Watson's House of Warren, vol. i. p. 154. 

« Harl. MSS. Brit. Mus. 970, I. 2. p. 48. 

A Spelman MSS. Gumey pedigree. (Appendix LV.) 



302 



MATTHEW DE GOURNAY. 



[part II. 



came into the family of the Gumeys ; and the De Bumhams being consi- 
dered a younger branch of the house of Warren, the Gumeys of West 
Barsham always quartered Warren, chequy or and azure, with a 
difference. (Appendix L.) Disputes arising about the tenure of this lord- 
ship between Philip de Bumham, son of William, who granted it to 
Reginald, and Matthew de Goumay and Rose his wife, a fine was then 
levied in the King's court at Westminster, before John Bishop of Norwich, 
Adam de Glanville, the King's justices, Richard the King's treasurer, Wil- 
liam Maud and William Basset^ on Wednesday next before the feast of St. 
Luke the Evangelist, the 30th Hen. II. when it was ceded to Matthew, &c. 
and his heirs, to be held by half a fee, he pa3dng to Philip ten marks.* 
(Appendix LI.) 

Matthew de Goumay gave to the church of Hardingham the tithes 
which were confirmed by his grandson John de Goumay.*' Also, in con- 
junction with Rose his wife, about the 30th of Henry II. he gave twelve 
acres and a rood of land in Harpley to the prior of Castle- Acre ; for which 
he (Matthew) had one mark of silver, and Rose a bezant of gold.^ (Ap- 
pendix LII.) 

In the same year Matthew de Gourney gained by combat of the Prior of 
Lewes the advowson of the church at Harpley. John Le Coward was his 
champion.^ 




FONT, HABPLET CHURCH. 



■ Blomefield in Harpley, vol viii. p. 452, and the Gumey pedigree in the Spehooan MSS. 

b Harl. MSS. 970. Brit Mas. Vitis Calthorpiana. 

c Blomefield in Harpley. ^ Ibid. 




HARDINOUAM CHURCH, NORFOLK. 




PIsaNA AND SBDILIA IN HARDINOUAM CHURCH. 



A.D. 1 192.] AARON THE JEW OF LINCOLN. 308 

We find a Matthew de Goumay, probably this same Matthew, witnessing 
the deeds of Hawise de Goumay, lady of Barewe Goumay in Somerset- 
shire, namely, that confirming the gift of lands in UptOA to the abbey of 
Bermondsey, also that of Patrick Earl of Salisbury for the same purpose, 
before the year 1 167.* He also witnessed the deed by which Hawisa de 
Goumey gave lands to Thomas son of William, preserved in Madox*s 
Formulare Anglicanum, No. 100, page 54. (See the account of Hawisa de 
Goumay in the fourth part of this Record.) 

The following entries in the Pipe Rolls relate undoubtedly to this same 
Matthew de Gurnai of whom we are treating : — 

" 3d Richard I. (1 192) Norfolk and SuflFolk. 

" De debitis Aaron Judei Lincolniensis Mattheus de Gumay reddit com- 
putum de xxxi solidis et ii denariis per cartam. In thesauro duo solidi et 
duo denarii. Et debet xxviii solidos et viii denarios. 

" Mattheus de Gumay reddit computum de xxviii solidis et viii denariis 
per cartam. 

" In thesauro liberavit et quietus est." 

We conclude from this that Aaron, the Jew of Lincoln, had lent money 
upon the security of the King's dues, of which some were owing by Mat- 
thew de Gumay, who discharged them, as is shewn in the above entries. 
This Aaron, the Jew of Lincoln, was the most wealthy of his nation at 
that time in England. In the year 1 187 a large portion of his treasures had 
been lost at sea, between Shoreham and Dieppe. At his death all his pos- 
sessions came to the Crown, according to the then cruel state of the law 
with respect to the Jews.*' 

On St. Benet's day, in the fourth year of King John (21st March, 1203)^ 
a fine was levied at Norwich, before the King's justices, between Matthew de 
Goumay and Emma de Harpley, respecting lands in Harpley. (Appendix 
LIII. No. 1.) 

From the following extract it appears that Matthew de Goumey was not 



A Bennondsey Chartulary. MSS. Cotton. Claud. A. viii. fol. 110. 
^ Lord Lyttelton's life of Henry II. voL iii. p. 445. 



304 MATTHEW DE 60URNAT. [PART II* 

in England at Michaelmas term^ the 5th John^ and that he had some 
difference and a suit with John (Gray) bishop of Norwich. 

^^ Placita de termino Michaelis anno regis Johannis quinto, Norff. Jo* 
hannes dei gratia episcopus Norwicensis dilectis amicis suis Justiciariis de 
Banco^ &c. Rogavit nos Archidiaconus Wigom. quod ponamus in respectu 
loquelam quam habemus versus Mattheum de Goumay, &c. quousq. venerit 
in Anglia, &c. Nos autem rogamus vos, &c. rotulo 30." * 

It is to be observed that the year in which Matthew de Goumay was not 
in England (1204) was that in which Philip Augustus completed lus con- 
quest of Normandy, and he was probably serving in the war there. 

It also appears, from the same MSS. fol. ^^y that Matthew de Goumey 
was a knight. 

^^ Placita de termino Paschse et de termino Trinitatis anno regni regis 
Johannis primo Norff. Willelmus de Ebor. &c. Adam filius Alani, Mat- 
theus de Gumay, Amalricus de Babingel, Augustinus de Congham iiii 
miUtes. Rot. 24." 

In Michaelmas term, 8 John (1206), Matthew de Goumay demanded, 
against Gilbert de RunhaU, lands, &c. in Runhall and Swathing, of which 
William de Goumey, his father, had been seized in the time of King 
Henry, the father of the king that then was.^ An office copy of this suit 
is given in Appendix LIII. No. 2. 

This suit was not, however, final, for in the following year, the 9th John 
(1207), there was a suit upon a real action between Matthew de Goumay, 
petitioner, and Gilbert de Runhall, for lands, &c. in Runhall. A day was 
given to the parties to hear the election of the elizors ; but three of the 
four knights not appearing further day was given to the parties, and pre- 
cept awarded to the sheriff to bring up the three absent knights. The 
four knights elizors appeared, chose twelve gentlemen for the jury on the 
grand assize, between Matthew de Goumay, petitioner, and Gilbert de 
Runhall, tenant, for one carucate ^ of land, with the appurtenances, and 

a Harl. MSS. No. 801, fol. 94. 

^ Norris MSS. Tunstead Hundred, p. 60. 

^ A carucate of land in Norfolk, as elsewhere, was, according to Mr. Norris, not always the 



A.D. 1206.] THE GRAND ASSISE. 305 

one mill^ with the appurtenances, &c. in Runhall. (Appendix LIII. Nos. 3 
and 4.) 

The process of law here described was called the grand assize, and was 
introduced by Henry IL with consent of parliament ; by this the tenant or 
defendant in a suit had the choice of resorting to this mode of trial, in- 
stead of trial by wager of battel or duel. For this purpose a writ de 
magna assisa eligenda is directed to the sheriff to return four knights 
(elisors), who are to elect twelve others, who together form the great jury 
of sixteen, or the grand assise, to try the suit.* 

Geoffrey, brother of Matthew de Goumey, witnessing the Gajrwood deed 
after him, is obviously the younger brother. But nothing more has yet been 
discovered respecting him, unless he was the same person who held a 
knight's fee in Wykhampton of the Earl Marshall, according to the extract 
below from the Additional MSS. Brit. Mus. No. 8,843, fol. 56 :— 

" Walsham Hundred, Ranworth. 

•* 20 Henry III. — ^The prior of Beston had here in Wykhampton, for- 
merly Jefl&y Goumey*s in Wykhampton, held of the Earl Marshall by a 
knight's fee." 

It is worthy of notice that Wykhampton is the parish adjoining to 
Cantley, which was of the domain of Hugh de Goumay. 

By Rose de Bumham his wife, Matthew de Goumay had William de 
Goumay, whom we call the second, his son and heir. 

The last notice of Matthew de Goumay is in the plea roll above-men- 
tioned of the 8th John (1206) ; he probably did not long survive that year. 



same in quantity, but sufficient to employ one plough : it is a term of frequent occurrence in 
Domesday Book and other ancient documents. 
* Blackstone*8 Comment book iii. chap. 23. 



306 MATTHEW DE GOURNAY. [PART II. 



COTEMPORARIES OF MATTHEW DE GOURNAY. 

William de Gournai,* between whom and Martin Westlai a fine wa& 
levied in the 10th Richard I. (1199), of lands in Bumham (App. LIV. 
No. 1.) We are inclined to think this William de Gumai was neither the 
father of Matthew, as being too late in date, nor his son, as being too early 
in date. He might have been a brother. 

Lewis de Gourney was another cotemporary of Matthew deGoumay. 
We do not find what the relationship between them was ; but this Lewis, we 
conceive, was certainly of this same younger branch of the Norman Gour- 
nays, as he possessed lands in Cranworth and Letton, over which towns 
the manor of Swathings, held by this branch of the family, extended : this 
appears by a fine, of which an office copy is given. (Appendix LIV. No. 2.) 

We find Lewis de Gourney witnessing the deed of Hugh de Gourney 
V. confirming the manor of Swathings, in Hardingham, to Hugh son 
of Robert the Burgundian, dated at Neufchatel de Dreincourt, (Appendix 
XXL No. 2, page 122.) Also the gift of the same Hugh of the church of 
Greenhood (Cranworth) to the monks of St. Hildevert at Goumay. (Ap- 
pendix XXXI. page 162.) 

In a Norman Pipe Roll, lately printed from the records in the Tower, 
called Rotulus Normannorum, Lewis de Gourney occurs as receiving a 
discharge for Hugh de Gourney for money due from the latter to the Nor- 
man Exchequer. " In perdonam (release) Ludovico de Gumaio pro Hu- 
gone de Gumaio xl Ubras per idem breve (brief or deed), et dat in suum 
superplus superioris computi centum Ubras, quinque solidos, duo denarios 



•> See Mr. Stapleton's Norman Exchequer Roll, toI. ii. p. cxxxiv, where £7 was owing by 
William de Goumai in the year 1 198, which he was bound to pay to the servientes who went 
in the King's service, but hadnot. (In the bailiwick of the pays de Caux ) 



A. D. 1206.] COTEMPORARIES, 307 

(£100. 5^. 2d.), et quietus est (acquitted)^ et habet superplus l solidos 
II. denarios/* * 

This Norman deed is the account of moneys received at Caen by Wil- 
liam Fitz-Ralf, seneschal of Normandy, in the year 1184. 

The fact of Jjcwis de Goumay discharging this account for Hugh de 
Goumay proves his near relationship to him. He also occurs in the Great 
Roll of the Norman Exchequer, lately published by Mr. Stapleton. " De 
Ludovico de Goumaio c. solidi pro falso clamo,** page 58, in Dreincourt, 

Lewis de Goumai married Mabilia, as I learn by a fine levied in the 14th 
of John between Mabilia, widow of Lewis, and Thomas his son, of lands, 
a mill, and five marks of rent in Cranworth and Letton, part of MabeFs 
dower. (Appendix, LIV. No. 2.) 

This Thomas de Goumay, son of Lewis, occurs as witness to the deed of 
Hugh de Goumay, conferring on Hugh the Burgundian the manor of 
Swathings. (Appendix, XXL No. 2.) We find no further account of him. 
Lewis de Goumey probably died about the 14th John, 1213, as the fine 
above mentioned was Ukely to be levied immediately after his death. 

We hear nothing further of Lewis de Goumay and his son, and, from 
the descendants of Matthew de Goumai holding the manor of Swathings, 
in which Lewis had an interest, they must have inherited it as his nearest 
heirs ; it seems likely that Matthew and Lewis de Gumay were brothers. 

Hugh de Gourney of Letton was another cotemporary of Matthew de 
Goumay ; he gave lands to the priory of Lewes in Letton and Cranworth, 
by deed sans date (Appendix LIV. No. 3), witnessed by Roger de Rising 
and William de Gaily, who lived in the reign of Henry IIL Doubtless he 
was named after his relation the Anglo-Norman lord, and was certainly 
one of this younger branch of the Goumays. 

* This seems referred to by Madox in his History of the Exchequer, voL L p. 169. 



2s 



308 



MATTHBW DB OOURNAY. 



[PABT II. 



APPENDIX XLIX. 

COPY OF A DEED RESPECTING A HOUSE AT GATWOOD, FROM THE NORRIS MSS. 
MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS, p. 16. 



Omnibus Christi fidelibus, &c. Hugo Tegu- 
lator Burgus Lennensis et Emma uxor ejusdem. 
Salutem. Noverit uniyersitas, && Nos con- 
cesaisse, &c. Johaimi Tyteleshal Capellano et 
Alicie sorori sue, &c. totum ilium messuagium 
cum edificiis et pertinentiis quod jacet in Villa 
de Geywude (inter terram Reginaldi de Har- 
pele W. Johannis de Bauseie £. a via regale 
versus S. ad terram Johannis Curteys N.) 
habendum de Priori de Lenna, &a Domino 
Feodi. Dicti Johannes et Alicia in tota vita 
eorum reddendo, &c, predicto Priori duos 
denarios, &c. ita quod post decessum, &c, 
dictum messuagium, &c. dicto Priori, &c, rever- 
tatur, &c. Pro hac autem donatione predicti 
Johannes et Alicia nobis dederunt quadraginta 
duos solidos, &c Testibus,^ — 



Henrico de Havelose. Thoma Carpentario. 
MatthsBO de Gurney. Galfrido fratre sao. 
Galfrido filio Philippi. Galfrido Alio WU- 
lelmL Nichola fratre suo de Wootton. Wil- 
lelmo filio Philippi. Bricone fratre suo. Thoma 
filio Hodieme. Roberto filio Hugonis. Thomiei 
fratre suo. Johanne Clerico et multis aliis. 

1st Seal. Oval, with a pelican on her nest, 
one inch by five-eighths. Legend : 

S bVGONIS K5CVN. 

2nd Seal. Oral. Legend: 

SIGILL QMMe S JT 

Inter Munimenta Dec. et Cap. Norw. Cap* 
sula xi™*. 



APPENDIX L. 



ON THE FAMILY OF DE BURMHAM OR FITZ-PHILIP. 



Walter, who held the manor of Bumham at 
the Survey under William Earl Warren and 
Surrey, seems to be the ancestor of the family 
of De Bumham, or Fitz-Philip. 

Philip de Bumham, or de Warren, was lord 
in the reign of King Stephen, and had among 
others two sons, William ancestor of Cecilia, 
wife of Sir William de Calthorpe, and R^inald 
father of Rose, wife of Matthew de Gouraey, 
which ladies by the death of the last male of 



this family, in the reign of Henry II. carriad 
the inheritance of the De Bumhams to the 
Calthorpes and Gumeys. 

This family of de Bumham is considered to be 
a younger branch of the noble house of Warren. 
Walter, who held the manor at the Survey, was 
said to be kinsman of the first Earl Warren and 
Surrey ; but the more probable supposition is that 
an heiress carried his inheritance to Reginald 
second son of the first Earl Warren and Surrey. 



AJP, L.] 



FAMILY OF DB BURNHAH. 



309 




The Calthorpes 
have always borne 
for arms those of 
Warren, Chequy or 
and azure, with a fess 
ermine for differ- 
ence, unquestionably 
in consequence of this 
marriage of Sir Wil- 
liam de Calthorpe with Cecilia de Bumham. 

The Gumeys of 
West Barsham quar- 
tered Warren, with a 
mullet on a crescent 
for difference, as is 
shewn by the arms of 
the Gumeys, with 
their matches, in glass, 
now remaining at 
They also quartered 
Warren in abordure. 

In one of the win- 
dows of Gumey's 
Place, in Norwich, 
was formerly the fol- 
lowing coat of arms : 
Quarterly, 1st, che- 
quy, within a bor- 
dure; 2d, a bend; 
Srd, a cross engrailed ; 4ih, bendlets.* The 
first coat seems to refer to this 
branch 



t 

— t^— — ■ 



Walsingham abbey. 




younger 
of Warren, 
the third is Gumey ; 
of the remaining two 
we cannot explain the 
meaning. Mr. Nor- 
ris thinks these quar- 
terings haye been 
transposed by the 
glaziers.f 

* Norris MSS. 

t These anns were Men by Mr. Kiricpatrick, an end- 
nent antiquazy reeident at Norwich, rather more than a 




On the embattled 

frieze on the south 

side of Harpley 

Church are many 

coats of arms ; 

amongst others those 

of Goumay; also War- 
ren ; also, Chequy, 
a fess, apparently 
ermine, which I take to be Calthorpe. 
Chequy, on a crescent 
fesswise three cinq- 
foils, which I sup- 
pose is intended for 
de Bumham, or War- 
ren, with a difference. 







1 


zh c 






\iV' ' ' 


1/ 


H 




/ 


nL 


\J 





And, 




CHARTERS OF DE BURNHAM. 

No. 1. 

Charter of William Fitz^PhiUp or de Bum- 
hamj granting' the moiety of the Harpley 
manor to his brother Reginald. 

Willelmus filius Philippi omnibus amicis et 
hominibus suis salutem. Notum sit omnibus 
tam presentibus quam futuris me dedisse et 
concessisse Reginaldo fratri meo dimidium terre 
mee de Harpley : viz. partem illam quam mater 
mea tenuit postquam maneriund inter nos divi- 
sum erat. Tenendum de me hereditarie et 
heredibus meis pro servitio dimidii feodi militiS) 
cum omnibus pertinentibus suis. Quftre yolo 
et precipio ut eam terram bene et in pace, libere, 
et honorifice teneat et possideat sicut eam uii- 



oentnry ago ^ he bequeathed his MS. CoUeotioiis to the 
Norwich Coiporation, but meat of them an «nft>rttt» 
nately loit. There are eopies of aome in the Norris 
MSS. 



810 



MATTHEW DB GOURNAY. 



[part II. 



quamliberius et honorificentias pater meus et 
mater mea tenueront. Testibus, Willelmo Epis- 
copo Norwicensi. Reginaldo de Warren. Ri- 
cardo de Wormagay. Radulfo de Frevil. 
Baldwin de FreviL Radulfo de Plajz. Simone 
de Caly. Willelmo filio Ailberti. Roberto 
filio Osmin, &c.* 

The seal was an inch and a half oyer, con- 
taining a man on horseback with a sword drawn. 

No. 2. 

ConfirmaHon of the foregoing by WUliam 
third Earl of Warren and Surrey. 

Willelmas Comes Warren omnibus homi- 
nibus suis Francis et Anglicis salutem. Sciatis 
me concessisse, et hac presenti charta mea con- 
firmasse donationem illam quam fecit Willelmus 
filius Philippi Reginaldo fratri suo de terra sua 
de Harpley sicut charta predict! WiUelmi tes- 
tatum Quare volo et precipio ut pacem meam 
et omnium meorum de terra ilia habeat et libere 
et quiete et honorifice eam teneat ipse et heredes 

* Harl. MSS. 970, Yitis CalthoipiaDA. 



sui perpetuo. Testes, Reginaldus de Warren. 
Ancellinus de Pavill. Hugo de Bardolf, &ct 

The two charters given above were made 
between the years 1141 and 1148. The wit- 
ness William (Turbe) bishop of Norwich com- 
ing to that see in the first year, and William 
third Earl Warren, who confirmed the gift, 
was killed in the Holy Land in 1148. 

Philip de Bumham, with the consent of 
Emma his wife, and William his son and heir, 
gave to the monks of Castle-acre his mill in 
Fyncham, and the site thereof, viz. v perchea 
of land which he exchanged with William son 
of Osbert, of the same town, &c. Witnesses, 
Roger de Frivill, Radulf de Bannham, Fre- 
derick de Hakeford, Roger Spriggins, William 
his brother, Hugh Capellanus de Acre, Rein de 
Duntun, Godfrey de Swaffham, John de Wat- 
lingeton, and many others. 

Emma de Bumham, in the time of her 
widowhood, by deed next following confirmed 
the above grant, &c. Witnesses, Frederick de 
Hakeford, Rogw Spriggin, and others.]; 

t Ibid. 

t Additional MSS. Brit. Mus. No. 8,889. 



PEDIGREE OF DE BURNHAM, 

From Blomefield in Harpley and the Bumhams, and from original documents. 

Walter, who held the manors of Bumham Thorpe and Harpley at the Survey under Earl 
Warren, to whom many suppoee him to have been related. 1088. 

Phiup db Bubnham, or Phiup db Wabren , Lord of Bumham Thorpe and 
Harpley, temp. King Stephen.^ 

Galpbidus fil. Phi- s^William Fitz-Philip, gave the Rboiii ald Pitz-^ Waltbb Pitb-Philip, 



lippi, witneM to a 
]ieed at Gkywood. 



moiety of Harpley to his brother 
Reginald, between 1141 and 
lift. 



Phiup or db 
Byjbnham. 



presented to the ohnroh 
at Bumham 9th of 
Stephen. 



.^Philip db Bubnham, 
hoftd of Bumham 86 
Henry II. 



JL. 



WiLUAM, son and 
heir, ob. s. p. Pla- 
eit. i Edw. I. 



Ralph, succeeded his 
brother William, ob. 
8. p. Plac. 4 Edw. I. 



RoBB DB BuBMHAM, dau. and heir given=MATTHBW db Goubnat, in her right 
by Hameline Plantagenet Earl of Warren lord of the manor of Harpley-Gur- 
in marriage. neys. 

—1 



Pbancis, succeeded Ralph, 
ob» also s. p. Plaoit. 4 
Edw. I. 



Philip, becam6T=EMMA, dau. and heir 
heir, Placit. 4 I of Sir Ralph L'Es- 
John & 4 Ed. I. I trange, Knt 



Sir WiuiAM DB Calthobpb, Knt.=CEaLiA db Bueitham, sister and heir. William, son and heir, s. p. 



APP, 



L.] 



FAMILY OF DB BURNHAM. 



311 



It seems likely that Philip de Burnham, or 
de Warren, who held the manors of Bumham 
and Harpley in the reign of Stephen, was a 
younger son, or grandson by a younger son, of 
the first Earl Warren ; and his wife having part 
of the Harpley manor, as appears by the deed 
of William Fitz-Fhilip, leads me to think she 
was heiress of Walter, who held these manors 
at the survey. 

Upon examining the line of descent of the 
De Bumhams from the house of Warren, we 
conclude that they certainly sprung from Regi- 
nald, second son of William first Earl Warren, 
and that Reginald, second son of William second 
B^rl Warren, was the person who married the 
heiress of the Lords of Wirmegay. 

Our reasons for this conclusion are that an 
ancient pedigree of the Lestranges* states that 
the De Bumhams descended from t-he first Earl 
Warren, of course by a younger son ; now by 
the charters of the first Earl Warren it appears 
he had but two sons, William, second Earl, and 
Reginald. (See the foundation deed of Lewes 
priory by William first Earl Warren, in the 
Monasticon, vol. v. p. 1 .) 

This Reginald adhered to Robert Curthose 
in 1090, and was taken prisoner at Dive in 
1106. Camden, and after him Dr. Watson, in 
his House of Warren (vol. i. p. 67), confound 
this Reginald, son of the first Earl, with Regi- 
nald son of the second Earl ; and they state that 
the former of these was the person who married 
the heiress of Wirmegay, which is impossible, 
from the circumstance that the Reginald de 
Warren who married the heiress of Wirmegay 
died in the 31 Hen. II., 95 years after the 

* In the potMisioii of Mr. Styleman L^Estrange. 



date under which the first Reginald de Warren 
is mentioned by Orderic Vital.-I- 

This second Reginald first occurs in the 
12th of Stephen, 1147. He was afterwards 
governor of Norwich castle in the reign of 
Henry II.J He gave the church of Plumpton 
to the canons of Southwark, and the charter 
by which he did this § has given occasion to 
Dr. Watson to suppose that he was son of the 
first Earl Warren, from his mentioning Isa- 
bella Comitissa distinct from his mother; 
whereas it is obvious that the Isabella Comi« 
tissa whom he mentions was daughter and 
heir of William third Earl Warren, and who 
married successively William, son of King Ste- 
phen, and Hameline half-brother of Henry II. 

From these circumstances we do not doubt 
that Dugdale was correct in saying that it was 
Reginald, son of the second Earl Warren, who 
married the heiress of Wirmegay ; and it seems 
highly probable that the De Bumhams descend 
from Reginald, son of the first Earl Warren ; 
and this agrees with 
the arms of De Burn- 
ham, quartered by the 
Gumeys in the glass 
at Walsingham: War- 
ren differenced by a 
crescent surmounted 
by a mullet; Regi- 
nald de Bumham, 
whose daughter married Matthew de Gumey, 
having been third son of Philip de Bumham of 
this second house of Warren. 

t Ord. Vital, p. 690 and 819. 

t Watoon*^ House of Warren, yol i. p. 111. 

§ Ibid. Tol. i. p. 67. 



'^ 


s 


# 



312 



MATTHEW DB GOURNAY. 



[part II. 



Rboiniu), 2d son of the Ist Earl Warren.^.. 



Philip db Wirren, or de Burnham, temp. Stephen, Lord: 
of Bumham Thorpe and Harpley. 



i=FQ^ 



lufB. whether daughter of Walter, who held theae 
manors at the Surrey. 



Walter Fitz-Phiup. William (see supra). Reginald. 



Gboffret. 



Dr. Watson's idea of the Warrens of Poyn- 
ton being descended from the second Reginald 
is entirely disproved in Dallaway's Rape of 



Arundel. They came from one of the latter 
Earls and his concubine Maud of Nerford, 
whose arms they bore in a canton. 



APPENDIX LI. 



FINE BETWEEN MATTHEW DE GOURNEY AND ROSE HIS WIFE, AND PHILIP DE 

BURNHAM, 30 HEN. 2. 



Vitis Calthorpiana. Harl MSS. 970, p. 47. 

HsBc est Concordia finalis facta in curia Do- 
mini Regis apud Westmonasterium die Mer- 
curii proxima ante festum sancti Luc®, Anno 
30 Hen. 2, Coram Johanne Episcopo Norwi- 
censi et Ada Glanvil Justiciariis Domini Regis 
et coram Ricardo Thesaurario Domini Regis, 
et Will. M auduit et Will. Basset et aliis baroni- 
bus Domini Regis qui ibi tunc aderant, inter 
Mattheum de Goumey et Rosam uxorem suam 
et Philippum de Bumham de feodo dimidii 
militis in Harpley, unde placitum fuit inter eos 



in curia Domini Regis, et unde Mattheus et 
Rosa uxor sua qui terram illam tenent posue- 
runt se in assisa Domini Regis et petierunt 
recognitum utrum ipsi habent minus jus tenen- 
dum terram illam de prefoto Philippo yel Phi- 
lippus habet in dominico suo. 

Et prefatus Philippus concessit ipsis Mat- 
theo et Rose uxori sue et heredibus suis pre- 
f&tis feodum dimidii militis quod ad terram 
illam pertinet; et pro hac concessione ipsi Mat- 
theus et Rosa uxor dederunt ipso Philippo 
10 marcas. 



APPENDIX LII. 



DEED OF MATTHEW DB GOURNAY AND ROSE HIS WIFE, GIVING LAND AT HARPLEY TO 

THE PRIORY OF CASTLEACRB. 



Cartulary of Castle-acre. Mus. Brit, Harl, 
MSS. 2110, fol. S5. 

Harpele :— Sciant presentes et futuri quod 
ego Mattheus de Gumai assensu Rose uxoris 



mee concedo et hac carta mea confirmo Deo 
et sancte Marie de Acre, et monachis ibidem 
Deo servientibus, xii acras terre et i rodam in 
campis de Harpleia quas Reginaldus filius 



APP. LIIl.] 



SUIT WITH GILBERT DB RUN HALL. 



313 



Philippi dedit eis in tiberam et perpetuam ele- 
mosynam. £t koc fado pro salute aniine mee 
et Rose uxoris mee, et patris mei, et matris, et 
heredum meorum. Et in die quo hoc eis con- 
finnavi, dedenmt mihi unam marcam argenti et 
Rose uzori mee unum bisantium. His testibus, 
Willelmo filio Leulfi. Ricardo filio Rogeri. Si- 
monediacono. Gilberto de Runhal. Willelmo de 
Swethinga. Willelmo Kerl. Radulfo capellano 



de Acre. Lamberto clerico. Eustachio de Ta- 
tersete. Willelmo dapifero. Roberto Portareo. 
Waltero filio Hamonis. Gaufrido de Swaffham. 
From the witnesses, William de Swathing 
and Gilbert de Runhall, this deed seems to 
have been execnted at Matthew de Q^umay's 
manor of Swathings; William his steward, 
and Robert his porter, being also present. 



APPENDIX LIIL 



DOCUMENTS RELATING TO MATTHEW DE GOURNAY. 



No. 1. 

jpine between Emma de Herpelay and Mat- 
thew de Goumay of Lands in Harpley. 

HflBC finalis concordia facta in curia domini 
Regis apud Norwicum die Santi Benedicti anno 
Regni Regis Johannis iiii. coram Gilberto 
de Insula, Reginaldo de Comhill, Waltero 
de Crepping, Reginaldo de Argentan, Justi- 
eiariis domini Regis et aliis Baronibus tunc ibi 
preaentibus. Inter Emmam de Herpelay peten- 
tem et Matthsum de Gumey tenentem de xx 
acris terre cum pertinentiis in Herpelay. Unde 
recognitio de morte ancessoris siunmonita fuit 
inter eos in prefinta curia. Scilicet quod pre- 
dicta Emma remisit et quietum clamavit pre- 
ditto MatthsBO et heredibus suis totum jus et 
clamum quod habuit in predicta terra de se et 
heredibus suis in perpetuum. Et pro hac quieta 
clamantia et fine et concordia predictus Mat- 
thsus concessit predicte Eiaome et here<libus 
suis ii acras terre et dimidium in eadem villa, 
Scilicet i acram ad Piggescroft et i acram et 
dimidium ad Kimiluesmere hevedland, tenendas 
de se et heredibus suis in perpetuum per libe- 



rum servitium vi denariorum per annum pro 
omni servitio Reddendum ad festum Sancti 
Michaelis et ad scutagium xx solidorum ii de- 
narios et ad plus plus et ad minus minus. 

No. 2. 

Suit between Matthew de Gournay and Gil' 
bert de Runhall. (a. d. 1206.) 

Inter recorda in Thesaurio Curiss Recepte 
Scaccarii asservata, viz. in Rotolo indorsato, 
" Placita apud Westmonasterium Michaelis 
anno 8 Regis Johannis," continetur ut sequitur : 

Placitum apud Westmonasterium in octavo 
Sancti Michaelis anno regni Regis Johannis 
octavo. 

Matthseus de Gurnay petit versus Gilber- 
tum de Runhall, 1 carucatam terrsB cum perti- 
nentiis in Runhall et Swathing et 1 molendinum 
cum pertinentiis in Swathing, sicut jus suum 
unde Willelmus pater suus saisitus fuit tempore 
Henrici Regis patris, capiens inde esplecia* ad 
valorem dimidii marce ; et Gilbertus venit et de- 

* Esplecia, rents. 



314 



MATTHEW DE GOURNAT. 



[part II. 



fendit jus suum et ponit se in magna assisa, 
Bcilicett utrom majus jus habet tenendum de 
eodem MatthsBO (an) idem Matthsus in domi- 
nioo. Dies datus eis in xv dies post festum 
Sancti Martini, &c. 

The above plea is important, inasmuch as it 
is documentary evidence that Matthew de 
Goumay was son and heir of William de 
Goumay (I.) 

The suit was renewed the next year, as fol- 
lows, according to the process described in the 
text. 

No. 3, 

Inter Recorda in Thesaurio CurisB Receptas 
Scaccarii asservata, viz. in Rotulo indorsato 
* Anno 9 Johannis,' continetur ut sequitur. 

Rotulus de termino Sancti Michaelis, anno 
Regni Regis Johannis nono. 

In Oct. Sancti Michaelis. 

Dies datus est MatthsBO de Gumay petenti 
et Gilberto de Runhall tenenti de audienda 
electione de terra in Runhall a die Sancti Mard 
in XV dies, coram Rege pro defectu iiii Militum, 
quorum Michael de Muntemi, Umfridus de 
Millers, Rogerus de Ho, iii Milites non venerunt 
vel se essoniaverunt,* etc. Unde preceptum 
est Viceconiiti Norfolcie quod habet eosdem 
ad eundem terminum, et non omittat propter 
aliquam libertatem Comitis Arundel! et Cardon 
de Frechevill in quorum libertate idem Michael 
et Umfridus maneut, quin habeat eos ad pre- 
dictum terminum, et loco Rogeri de Ho qui non 

* E«Mniare, to ezciue. 



est inventus ponat alium et tot et tales, &c. eteoft 
venire faciat, &c. et non omittat, &c. Preceptum 
est etiam vicecomiti quod summoniret ballivoa 
Comitis de Anmdell et Cardegn de Frechevill 
quod sint coram Rege ad eundem terminum 
audituros judicium suum &c. sicut eis preceptum. 
fuit, &c.f 

No. 4. 

Rogerus de Ho, Umfridus de Millers, 
Thomas filius Willelmi, Robertus Barnard iiii 
milites sumoniti ad eligendum xii ad faciendam 
magnam assisam inter MatthsBum de Gumay 
petentem et Gilbertum de Runhall tenentem de 

1 canicata terre cum pertinentiis 1 

et de 1 molendino cum pertinentiis in Runhall 
unde idem Gilbertus qui tenens est posuit se in 
magna assisa et petivit recognitionem fieri 
utrum ipse majus jus habeat tenendi terram 
illam et molendinum cum pertinentiia de ipso 
Matthaao an idem Matthssus in dominioo, 
Veniunt ut eligant istos, Matthseum de Gremes-^ 
ton, Radulfum de Curcun, Ricardum de Rising, 
Willelmum de Sparham, Michaelem de Mnn* 
teny, Philippum de Snaring, MHllehnum de Car- 
cun de Stanfeld, Willelmum de Blunvill, Ro- 
gerum de Buzun, Hlewin filium Willelmi^ 
Willelmum filium Gaufridi de Gorbodesham* 
Radulfum de Verly, Rogerum de Greston, 
Radulfum de Spinevill, Radulfum de Banham, 
Gaufridum Jordan. Dies datus est eis a die 
Paschaa in xv dies et tunc veniant milites.]; 

t Rot. 8. Norf, 
X Rot 10, d. Nort 



APP. LIV.] MABILIA WIDOW OP LEWIS DB GOURNAY. 



315 



APPENDIX LIV. 

DOCUMENTS RESPECTING CONTEMPORARIES OF MATTHEW DE GOURNAY 
No. I. 



Fine between William de Gumai and Martin 
de WestUdy lOM Richard I. 

Ha»c est finalis concordia facta in Curia Do- 
mini Regis apud Norwicum in crastino Sancti 
Michaelis archangeli anno Regni Regis Ri- 
carcU X. coram Roberto Eliensis archidiacono, 
Willelmo de Warenna, Roberto filio Rogeri, 
WiUelmo de Auberville, Osberto filio Hervei, 
Michaeli Relet, Justidariis et aliis Baronibus et 
fidelibus Domini Regis ibidem tunc presentibus. 
Inter WiUelmum de Gumai petentem et M ar- 
tinum de Westlai tenentem de una acra terre 
et dimidio cum pertinentiis in Bumham, unde 
recognitio de morte ancessoris summonita fuit 
inter eos in prefata curia, scilicet quod predictus 
Martinus recognovit totam predictam terram 
cum pertinentiis esse jus et hereditatis predicti 
Willelmi tenendam de predicto M artino et he- 
redibus suis illi et heredibus suis in perpetuum 
pro servitio xii denariorum per annum pro omni 
senritio. £t pro bac fine et concordia et recog- 
nitione predictus Willelmus dedit predicto Mar- 
tino z solidos. 

A fine is so called because it puts an end not 
only to the suit then commenced, but also to all 
other suits and controversies respecting the 
same matter: it is a very usual species of assur- 
ance of lands and tenements. 

A fine may be described to be an amicable 
adjustment or composition of a suit, either 
actual or fictitious, by leave of the king or his 
justices, whereby the lands in question become 
or are acknowledged to be the right of one of 
the parties. — (See Blackstone's Commentaries, 
Book ii. chap. 21.) 

Fines are of perpetual occurrence, and the 



registration of them is one of the principal 
sources of information respecting property in 
the early periods of our history. 

No. 2. 

Fine between Mabilia widow of Lewis de 
Goumayy and Thomas son of Lewis, I4th 
year of King John. 

Inter Recorda in Thesaurario Curie Recepte 
Scaccarii asservata, viz. in Bundella Finium 
tempore Regis Johanuis in comitatu Norfolk, 
continetur ut sequitur. 

Haec est finalis concordia facta in Curia Do- 
mini Regis apud Westmonasterium a die Sanc- 
te Trinitatis in xv dies anno Regni Regis 

Johannis xiiii. coram Pathull, 

Jacobo de Potema, Henrico de Ponte Aldemer, 
Rogero Kuscart, Justiciariis et aliis fidelibus 
Domini Regis tunc ibi presentibus. Inter Ma- 
bilia [m viduam Lodo]wici de Gumay peten- 
tem per Warinum de Risinges positum loco suo 
ad lucrandum vel perdendum. £t Thomam 

filium Lodowici tenentem de med 

acre terre cum pertinentiis in Cranewurth. 
Et de medietate duodecun acrarum prati et 
pasture cum pertinentiis in eadem villa. Et 
de medietate unius molendini . . . . . 
pertinentiis in eadem villa. Et de quarta 
parte unius molendini ad aquam in eadem 
villa. Et de medietate quinque marcarum 

redditus in Letton et 

wurht. Quas medietates ipsa Mabilia clamat 
versus eundem Thomam ut rationabilem dotem 
suam de dono predicti Lodowici quondam viri 
sui et unde placitum .... in eadem 
curia scilicet quod predicta Mabilia remisit et 
quietum clamavit predicto Thomas et heredibus 



2 T 



316 



MATTHEW DE GOURNAY. 



[part II. 



muB totum jus et clamam quod habuit in pre- 
dicta terra et in predicto prato et pastora • . 
. . . . molendinis et in predicto reddita 
nomine dotis et pro bac quieta clamantia et fine 
et Concordia predictos Thomas concessit eidem 
Mabilie duas acras terre cum pertinentiis . . 
. . Scilicet imam acram que jacet inter terram 
Ricardi de Rising et terram persone de Crane- 
wurtb. £t . . . . tres rodas et dimidium 
et in Sbenek .... Tenendas eidem 
Mabilie tota vita sua nomine dotis, de ipso 
Thoma et beredibus suis per liberum servitium 
quatuor denariorum per annum Reddendo . . 
. . . quatuor .... anni scilicet ad fes- 
tum Micbaelis unum denarium et ad nativitatem 
Domini unum denarium, et ad Pascbam unum 
denarium pro omnibus . . • • £t preterea 
predictus Thomas concessit eidem Mabilie duas 
acras terre in eadem villa quas habuit de dono 
predict! Ludowici patris ipsius Thome, Scilicet 
illas duas acras que .... inter terram 
Rogeri de Swatingcs et terram Johannis filii 
Bull babendas et tenendas eidem Mabilie et 

hiffffdtbus suis de ipso Tho in 

pi?rpetuum p<?r lilMrrum s quatuor 

denariorum per annum rcddendorum ad duos 
terminos anni Scilicet ad Nativitatem Domini 
duos denarios et ad Pascbam duos denarios per 
annum pro omnibus . . . . et exactione et 
preterea predictus Thomas dcdit eidem Mabilie 
viginti octo solidos et octo denarios. 

No. 3. 

Deed of Gift of Hugh de Gournay^ ofLettouy 
to Lewes Priory. 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Hugo 
de Gumay de Lectona dedi et concessi et bac 
presenti carta mea confirmavi Deo et ecclesie 
Sancti Pancratii de Lewes in puram et per- 
petuam elemosinam totum tenementum quod de 



me tenuit Matildis filia Aliz, in Lectone, quod 
reddit decem et octo denarios ad tres terminos 
Scilicet ad Penthecosten vi denarios, ad festum 
Sancti Micbaelis vj denarios, et ad purifica-> 
tionem vj denarios, et volo quod respondeat de 
eodem tenemento dictis monacbis sicut mibi 
solebat respondere. Hoc est autem tenementum, 
scilicet, dimidium acre terre que abuttat super 
terram Philippi filii Johannis, et jacet inter 
terram Lewine filii Hugonis et terram Willelmi 
filii Herberti ; et dimidium acre super Wronge- 
land que jacet inter terram Matildis sororis 
Lewine et terram Willelmi Reyn, et una roda 
et dimidium terre jacentes inter terram Gilberti 
Manthe et terram ecclesie; et dimidium acre in 
Sudfeld inter terram Walteri filii Johannis et 
viam, et abuttat super terram ecclesie quam 
Elfilda vidua tenet; et una roda in Sudfeld que 
jacet inter terram Johannis Barkere et terram 
Roberti Oldham ; et ima roda que jacet inter 
terram Simonis Pistoris et terram ecclesie; et 
una roda et dimidium inter terram Ricardi filii 
Radulfi et terram Godwin! Rauen in Humeles- 
croft; et una acra de plus super Cranewrde- 
feld inter terram Radulfi filii Hugonis et terram 
Henrici filii Martini ; et una roda que jacet 
inter terram Agnetis Megre et terram Philippi 
filii Johannis ; et dimidium acre inter terram 
Osberti fabri et terram Roberti Oldham. Et 
ego et heredes mei Warantizabimus predictis 
monacbis predictum tenementum contra omnes 
homines. Et ut bee mea donatio et concessio 
rata sit et firma hoc scriptum sigilli mei muni- 
mine corroboravi. His testibus, Alexandre de 
Alenzun, Rogero de Rising, Willebno de Kayli, 
Hugone filio Petri, Waltero de Etune, Waltero 
de Kayli, Briano filio Petri, Willelmo filio 
Hugonis, Radulpho de Lectuue, et aliis.* 

♦ Mu8. Brit. Bib. Cotton. Vespaa. F. xv. fol. 268. 
RegUt. Chart. Monasterii de Lewes. 



APP. LV.] SIR H. SPELMAN's PEDIGREE OF GURNAT. 



317 



APPENDIX LV. 



THE PEDIGREE OF GURNEY, FROM 8PELMAN MSS. 



The following pedigree was transcribed by 
Sir Henry Spelman, from one given him by 
Francis Gumay in 1639; it is amongst the 
Spehnan manuscripts collected by Dr. Macro, 
and which are now in the possession of Hudson 
Gumey, Esq. This Francis Gumey, from 
whom Sir Henry Spelman received this docu- 
ment, was probably the fifth son of Henry 
Gumey, Esq. of West Barsham, and a mer- 
chant in London. (See Part HI. of this Record.) 
This pedigree is compiled from original deeds, at 
that time in the possession of the family, which 



are now lost, and is therefore of much value ; it is, 
however, incorrect in several respects, and gives 
no account of younger children. 

Matthew de Goumay is the first of the race 
mentioned in it, as he may be said to have 
founded this branch of the family, by his mar- 
riage with Rose de Bumham ; the plea given 
in Appendix LIU. No. 2, proves him to have 
been the son of William de Gt)uniay, and the 
extract from the Liber Niger, given at page 288, 
proves that William was the son of Walter de 
Goumay. 



PEDIGREE. 




Matthew de Gumay mar- 
ried the daughter of Reig- 
nold Fitzffillip, as by the 
deed of William Fitzflfillip, 
and of Hameline Earl War- 
ren, by whom he had the 
manor of Harplie, in the dOth 
year of Hen. II. as by a fyne 
levied to the sayd Mathew 
and Rose his wyfe in the 
Exchequer, coram Joh'e Ep'o 
Norwic', Adam de Glande- 
ville, Justic' dom' Reg' qui 
ibi tunc aderunt, inter Ma- 
theum de Gumay et Rosam 



uxorem et Philip' de Bum- 
ham vel Burham, &c. The 
scale of the earle, a man at 
arms in an ovalle round, with 
a circumscription decayed. 
The scale of Ffitz-Philip Uke 
the said Earle's, saving it was 
not altogether so large, and 
in a perfite round, with a 
superscription likewise de- 
cayed. 

The sayd Mathew had 
issue William, who had issue 
John. 




318 



MATTHEW DE GOURNAY- 



[part !!• 



[ John ] 




John Gurnaje recovered 
by combatte from the Prior 
of Lewes the advowson of 
the benefice of Harplie; 
whereof his ancestor was 
seized in the reign of Henry 
II. placit. in banco. Term. 
Pasch. anno 3 Ed. I. Norf. 
Rot. 31. The sayd John, 
fMfleSf granted a bondsman 
in Thurston and his issue for 
16 markes, without date, as I 
think all 

seals before the time of Ed. 
the first ; the seale utterlie 
decayed ; he had issue Wil- 
liam. 

William de Gumaye, miles, 
granted land in Thnxton for 
homage and service, lykewine 
without date ; yet I think in 
the reign of Henry HI. His 
seale a man at armes like the 
earle Warren's in a round, in 
diameter about an inch and 
8 qrs. with circumscription 
of his very seal, w'ch seale 
he also gave before he was a 
knight The said William 
(miles) made a grant to John 
his brother, parson of Harp- 
lie, of the manor of Harplie 
and other manors, neither 
lying within ten miles of 
other, for quater viginti 
marcs, to be paid quarterlie, 
vigin. libras. His seale in 
an ovalle uppon a scutcheon, 
a cross engrailed playnly ex- 
tant, dated an. 22 Ed. primi. 



which is the first scutcheon or 
armes with any of the nyne 
honors ; but have often seen 
beasts and fowles given in 
scales, but never in a scut- 
cheon but round. This 
William had issue Edmund. 

Edmond Gumay married 
the daughter and heir of 
William Wancy, chevallor, 
who granted to them boath, 
and their heirs, a present 
yearlye, and all reits of cent 
marcs, to be levied out of 
his manors of West Bar- 
sham and Denvor, and his 
land and tenement in West 
Barsham and Pulam, with a 
clause of distresse in any 
part of eych, for default of 
payment, a^ Ed. 31. The 
sayd deed of Wauncy sealed 
with a splayed feulcon. The 
sayd Edmund Gumay made 
lease of a and a 

croft in West Barsham for 
180 years, dated a*. 41 
Ed. III. ; his seale the cross 
engrailed. He had issue 
John. 

John Gumay married the 
daughter of Jemegan; 1^ 
no issue. He was twyce 
shrieve of Norfolk and Suf- 
folk, and once Knt. of the 
shier in the raignof Hen. IV. 
as apeareth by his accounts 
and their evidence ; he was 
alsoe embassador to Richard 
IL into France, as appeareth 





APP. LV.] SIR H. SPBLMAN's PEDIGRBE OF GURNAY. 



319 




by the seale of the same 
kinge. His seale a cross 
engrailed, as by his will in 
frenche appears. His suc- 
cessor was his brother*s son, 
Thomas. 

Thomas Gumaye married 
with Kervile, who gave his 
seale, the cross engrailed 
with a helmet and crest, 
w'ch (as is supposed) is a 
gurnard bytinge on the hel- 
met, his tayle upward, w'ch 
I think hearaulds term it 
hauriant. This Thomas had 
issue William. 

William Gumaye mar- 
ried the daughter of Wil- 
liam Calthorpe, Knt. his 
only daughter, which he had 
by the dr. of the Lord Graye 
of Ruthen, as in the Cal- 
thorpe*s pedigree is to be 
seen. His seale some time 
a wrastlynge collar* in an 
inamilded ringe. His issue 
William. Also of this Wil- 
liam is descended Walter 
Gumaye, of Cawston. 

This William (son of the 
above sayd) had married 
with the daughter of Sir 
John Heydon, Knt. who had 
the manor of Irsted in con- 
sideration. He died before 
his father, and left issue 
Anthonie. 

* Ring fleals wer« common at this period. William 
Chunej^i bmI, with the wrestling ooUar, as a badge or 
device, in hie ring of enamel, must have been in posses- 
sion of the fiunily when Francis Ghimay gave this pedi- 
gree to Sir Henry Spelman in 1689. 





Anthonie Gumaye mar- 
ried with one of the coheirs 
of Sir Robert Lovell; the 
Lord Husse's eldest son, 
Bilsby of Lincolnshire, and 
Fitz Lewes of Essex, of 
whome is descended the Lord 
Mordaunt, marrying the 
other coheirs. This Antho- 
nie had issue Francis, and 
one daughter named Eliza- 
beth, who married Richard 
Stubbs, of Sedgeford, in 
Norfolk, Esq. 

Francis Gumaye married 
the daughter of 
Houlditch ; he dyed before 
his father, and left issue 
Henry and Elizabeth. 

Henry Guraay married 
with Blennerhasset of Suf- 
folk, his eldest daughter by 
the second coheir of Sir Ed- 
ward Itchingham ; Sir Owen 
Hopton marrying the other, 
from whome be descended 
the Lord Wentworth and 
Lord Shandoyse. Henry 
had issue Thomas. 

Thomas Gumaye mar- /^ ^^\ 

ried with Lewknor of Den- / \ 

/ Thomas \ 
ham in Suffolk, his eldest I Gurnat. I 

daughter that ever had child. 
Edward the eldest and Tho- 
mas the youngest. 

All these matches, except the last, are to be 
scene in colours in the Halle of Sir Henry 
Gawdy^s house, w'ch sometyme was the Gur- 
nay's house. 

ReceptaFran.Gumay, et transcript. 10 June, 
1689. 




I 



I VTU&nAT. I 



320 



MATTHEW DE GOURNAY. 



[part II- 







At Walsingham abbej, the seat of the Rey. D. H. Lee Warner, are the remains of an armorial 
pedigree of the Gumeys in stained glass. This coincides almost entirely with the one in the 
SpeUnan MSS. and I therefore insert it here. It seems likely that it came originally fhnan West 
Barsham Hall ; eight oat of nineteen of these shields remain. 



APP. LV.] ARMORIAL PEDIGREE AT WALSIN6HAM. 



321 







The Shield No. 19 contains all the quarterings of the Wes^ Barsham GumejB, as follows : 
1. Gumey ; 2. De Bumham, or Warren, with a difference ; 3. Baconsthorpe ; 4. Wauucy ; 
5. Lovell; 6. Conyers; 7. Fitzralf ; 8. Mortimer, of Attleborough. 



322 



WILLIAM DE GOURNAY II. 

This William de Goumay was son and heir of Matthew de Goumay and 
Rose de Bumham.* 

To hioi Sir William de Calthorpe and Cecilia his wife (who was heiress 
of the elder branch of the family of De Bumham) are said to have granted 
their right of patronage to the church of Harpley.** He is styled Dominus 
Willelmus de Gumey, as witness to a deed of GeoflEry de Heckham^ or 
Heacham, convepng lands to the priory of Lewes ; from which we conclude 
he was a knight. (Appendix LVI. No. 1). 

In the 18th of Henry III. (1234), a fine was levied between Roger de 
Thurston, querent, and William de Gumey, respecting the birthright (nati- 
vitas) of the said Roger, whereby William remitted, and quitted claim for 
himself and heirs to the said Roger, and his heirs, of all right by birth and 
servitude for ever. And Roger gave to the said William, for this remission^ 
ten marks of silver. 

The word " nativitas" in this fine is intended to mean the condition of a 
nativus, a serf, or villein. The nativus was one bom in that condition. 
The deed is highly curious, as being the deed of purchase of his liberty by 
a serf from a superior lord. (Appendix LVI. No. 2.) 

In the 27th of Henry III. (1243), a fine was levied between tins William 
de Gumey and Katharine his wife, querents, and Thomas de Ingoldesthorpe, 
of forty acres of marsh land in North Wootton, which they acknowledged to 
be the right of the said Thomas, who for that agreement gave them forty 
solidi sterling. (Appendix LVI. No. 3.) 

By this it appears William de Gurney maitied Katharine ; and by the 
wording of the fine she was probably of the family of Ingoldesthorpe. 



» Spelman MSS. Gurney Pedigree. Norris MSS. Harl. MSS. 97Q. 
^ Blomefield in Harpley. 



A.D. 1243] KATHARINE DE IN60LDESTH0RPE. 



323 



The name of " Willelmo de Gumey** occurs among the witnesses to a 
deed of Walter de CliflFord, son of Walter de CliflFord and Agnes de Cundi, 
giving lands to the ahhey of Dore, in Herefordshire.* 

By Katharine his wife, William de Gournay II. left John de Gournay his 
son and heir. 

* Dugda1e*8 Monasticon, new edit. vol. v. page 555. 




2 U 



324 



WILLIAM DE GOURNAY II. 



[part II. 



APPENDIX LVI. 



DOCUMENTS RELATING TO WILLIAM DE GOURNAY II. 



No. 1. 

Deed of Gift of Geoffrey de ffecham of land 
in Hecham to the Priory of Lewes, wit- 
nessed by William de Gumeyy Knight. 

Sciant presentes et futuii quod, ego Magister 
Gal^dus de Hecham filius Reginaldi de 
Hecham dedi et concessi et in perpetuum qni- 
etum clamavi de me et heredibus meis Deo et 
ecclesie Sancti Pancratii de Lewes et monachis 
ibidem Deb servientibus totam terram illam 
que vocatur Tenattis cum pertinentiis suis 
quam ego Galfridus quondam tenui in Hecham 
jacentem inter terram Petri Stein versus ood- 
dentem et terram Roberti filii Ricardi ad por- 
tam ecclesie versus orientem habendam et 
tenendam sibi et successoribus suis in puram 
liberam et perpetuam elemosinam de me et he- 
redibus meis in perpetuum. Et ego dictus 
Galfridus et heredes mei totam predictam ter- 
ram cum pertinentiis suis ut prenominatum est 
dictis monachis de Lewes et eorum successori- 
bus contra omnes homines et feminas in perpe- 
tuum Waranlizabimus defendemus et acquieta- 
bimus. £t tit hsec mea donatio et concessio in 
perpetuum, quieta clamancia de me et heredibus 
meis rataet finna in perpetuum permaneat, huic 
scripto sigiUum meum apposui. His testibus : 
Domino WiUelmo Rustein, Domino Willelmo 
de Gumey^ Domino Andrea de Samebrunne, 
Domino Ada de Birlingham, Domino Herberto 
de Burghes, Willelmo de Hakeford, Albino 



de Secheford, Roberto filio Willelmi de Seche- 
ford, Roberto filio Ricardi de Snedisham, Ri- 
cardo Wilechein de p'ua Rising, Hugone filio 
Petri de Hecham, Willehno Tutbein, Galfirido 
Baret, et multis aliis.* 

No. 2. 

Fine by which Roger de Tliursiony a nativus 
or serf was liberated by William de Gour* 
nay from his condition of serf for the con- 
sideration often marks of silver ^ a** 1234% 

Inter Recorda in Thesaurario Curie Re- 
cepte Scaccarii Asservata, viz. in Bundello 
Finium indorsato Norf. Hen. III. continetor ut 
sequitur. 

Hsc est finalis concordia &cta in curia Do- 
mini R^;is apud Norwicuni die Jovb proxima 
octavis Sancti Michaelis anno regni Regis Hen- 
rici filii Regis Johannis octavo decimo, coram 
Thoma de Mulct, Roberto de Lexinton, Olivero 
de Vallibus, Ada filio Willehni et Roberto de 
Bello Campo, Justidariis itinerantibus, et aliis 
Domini Regis fidelibus tunc ibi presentibus, 
inter Rogerum de Tureston querentem et VTA^ 
lelmum de Gumey de Nativitate ipsius Rogeri 
unde placitum fuit inter eos in eadem curia» 
scilicet quod predictus Willelmus remisit et qui- 
etum clamavit de se et heredibus suis in perpe- 
tuum ipsum Rogerum et heredes suos ab om- 

* Mua. Brit Bibl. Cotton. MSS. \mgtA, F. xt. 
foL228. Regist. Cartar. Monast. de Lewes. In Co- 
mitatu Noiff. 



APP. 



LVI.] 



VILLEIN TENURE. 



325 



nimodo nativitate et senritute in perpetuum. 
£t pro hac remissione quieta clamancia fine et 
Concordia idem Rogerus dedit predicto Wil- 
lelmo decern marcas argenti. 

The nativus was the son of a villein or serf — 
one bom in that condition. The villeins under 
the feudal system, and before that under the 
Saxons, were either regardant, i. e. annexed 
to the manor or land, or in gross or at large, 
i. e. annexed to the person of the lord, and 
transferable by deed from one lord to another. 
Lands held in villenage were called folk-land, 
and the services due to the lord from the 
tenants were of the meanest sort. Villeins 
might be enfranchised by manumission ; by deed, 
as in the instance of Roger de Thurston by 
William de Goumay ; or by implication, where 
a lord was bound to a villein by bond for a 
sum of money or annuity, which was placing 
the viUein on the footing of a freeman. Many 
lords of manors having time out of mind 
allowed their villeins and their children to enjoy 
the folk-land, without interruption, in a regular 
course of descent, and for certain services, is 
supposed to have originated the copyhold 
tenure, the services being eventually commuted 
for a money payment.* 

A family of the name of De Thurston held 
land at Thurston under the Gumeys at an early 
period : whether the descendants of this villein, 
Roger de Thurston, does not appear.f 

So late as the year 1514 Henry VIII. en- 
franchised two slaves belonging to one of his 
manors ;{ and in 1674 there was a commission 

♦ Blackstone, vol. u. p. 91. Ellis's Introduction to 
DomesdAy, vol. i. p. 74. 

t BlomeBeld in Thurston, vol. x. p. 252. 
X Rymcr's Fcedera, vol. xiii. p. 470. 



from Queen Elizabeth to manumit many vil- 
leins belonging to the queen in some counties. § 

No. 3. 

Fine between Thomas de Ingoldesthorpe and 
William de Gumay and Katharine his 
wife, concerning lands in North Wootton. 

Inter Recorda in Thesaurario Curie Re- 
cepte Scaccarii Asservata in Bundella Finium 
indorsata Fines Norf*. ab anno 21 ad 41 
Henr. III. continetur ut sequitur. 

HsBc est finalis concordia facta in Curia Do- 
mini Regis apud Westmonasterium a die Pas- 
che in unam mensem anno regni Regis Hen- 
rici filii Regis Johannis vicesimo septimo coram 
Roberto de Lexinton, Rogero de Thurkelby, 
Jollano de Nevill et Gilberto de» Preston, Jus- 
ticiariis et aliis domini Regis fidelibus tunc ibi 
presentibus, inter Thomam de Ingaldestorp pe- 
tentem et Willelmum de Gumay et Katerinam 
uxorem ejus tenentes, de quadraginta acris Ma- 
risci cum pertinentiis in North Wootton, unde 
placitum fuit inter eos in eadem Curia ; scilicet 
quod predicti Willelmus et Katarina recogno- 
verunt predictum Mariscum cum pertinentiis 
esse jus ipsius Thome, et illi ea reddiderunt in 
eadem Curia, et rem et quietclam de se et here* 
dibus ipsius Katarine eidem Thome, et here- 
dibus suis in perpetuum. Et pro hac recog- 
nitione, redditu, re, quietclam, fine et concordia 
idem Thomas dedit predictis Willelmo et Kata- 
rine quadraginta solidos sterlingorum. 

From the circumstance that William de Gour- 
nay and Katharine quit-claimed to Thomas de 
Ingoldesthorpe these lands in North Wootton, 
for themselves and the heirs of the said Ka- 

§ Rjmer^s FoBdera, vol. zv. p. 731. 



326 



WILLIAM DB GOURNAY II. 



[part II. 



tharine, I think it likely she was of the fiimily 
of Ingoldesthorpe. Thomas de Ingoldesihoqie 
was sheriff of Norfolk the 8th and 21st of 
Henry III. — probably the same person men- 
tioned in the fine. The Ingoldesthorpes were a 
distinguished &mily, who continued to hold con- 
siderable estates in Norfolk for two or three 
centuries. The Jeminghams married one of 
the coheirs of this family. The Ingoldesthorpes 
bore for arms the same coat as the Gumeys, 




with the colours reversed, viz. Gules, a cross 
ingrailed argent. 




.<^|^4M; 



.;:ss- 



327 



JOHN DE GOURNAY I. 

John db Gourney I. was a distinguished warrior in the reigns of 
Henry III. and Edward I., and son and heir of Sir William de Gournay, 
Knight. 

In the 29th Henry III. (1245) Simon de Crepping and Maude his wife 
conveyed by fine to John de Gourney the manor of Swathing, and John 
regranted it to Maude for life.^ 

The 41st Henry III. (1257) he was presented by the jury of the hun- 
dred of Mitford for having an entire knight's fee, and not being knighted.*' 
This arose from the military tenure of the feudal system, by which every 
one who held a knight's fee was obliged to be knighted, and attend the 
king in his wars, or was fined for non-compliance. (Appendix LVII.) 

But John de Goumay was afterwards knighted, as appears in the Spel- 
man Manuscripts (Appendix LV.), where it is mentioned that in Sir Henry 
Spelman's time a deed of his existed, by which he. Sir John de Gournay, 
Knight, sold a nativus or bondsman in Thurston, with his issue, for sixteen 
marks, or £5. 6*. 8d. sterling ;^ this must have been the case of a villein in 
gross, or transferable by deed from one lord to another. 

In the wars between Henry III. and his barons. Sir John de Gournay 
sided with the latter. He attached himself to Henry Lord Hastings, who 
had estates in Norfolk, and was with him at the battle of Lewes in Sussex 
in 1264 ; his estate was seized by the Earl Warren, his superior lord, in 
1265, as a rebel against Henry III. ; but he was afterwards pardoned, and 
the estate restored.^ 

* Blomefield in Cranworth. 

^ Nom8 MSS. Tunstead hundred, p. 54. 

c Sir H. Spelman's words are, " As the said John Miles granted a bondsman in Thurston, and 
his issue, for 16 marks, without date; seals before the time of Edward I. The seal utterly 
decayed.'* 

d Blomefield in Harpley. Norris MSS. Rot. de Rebel. 49 Hen. III. in Turre Lond. 



328 JOHN DE OOURNAY I. [PART II. 

In the 49 Henry III. (1265) John de Bolemer was attached to answer 
to Alice de Balesham for seizing her chattels or stock at Wootton, viz. : 
3 horses^ worth 30 shillings ; 4 oxen, worth 48 shillings ; 14 cows, worth 
5 pounds ; 3 calves, worth 1 shilling ; and 171 sheep, worth 21 marks and 
5 shillings ; — ^to which he answered that he came to the manor of a certain 
John de Goumey at South Wootton,^ and the said John de Goumey was 
at the battle of Lewes against the King, and that after the battle of 
Evesham he came and seized that manor, as of an enemy of our Lord the 
King ; and that he gave in an inventory of what he took, and prays judg- 
ment if he is subject to answer for spoil taken from the King's enemies in 
war Order to the sheriff to impanel 12 knights to inquire, &c. 

John de Bolemar was successful in this suit, as his family possessed the 
manor of South Wootton for some generations, and it was from this time 
lost to the Goumays. f Appendix LVIII. No. 1.) 




FONT AT SOUTH WOOTTON. 



* The lords of the manors of North and South Wootton, Hunstanton, and Rojdon, were by 
their tenures obliged to guard and defend the four towers of Castle Rising Castle ; * one of 
these towers was called Wodehouse Tower, doubtless from that family having held the manor 
of Roydon. Sir John de Goumey must have held this manor of South Wootton of the lord 
Montalt, his superior lord, who owned the honour of Castle Rising at this period, and upon the 
tenure of defending one of the towers. John Lord Montalt had at this time married Millicent 
Cantilupe, daughter of William de Cantilupe, who was son of Hugh de Gbumay's daughter. 
Henry, son of Henry Lord Hastings, married Joan, the other daughter of William de Cantilupe.f 
Perhaps the Lord Montalt subenfeoffed John de Goumay of the manor of South Wootton in 
consequence of this relationship between them. 

* Blomefteld in Rising. f Dugdale^ Baronage. 



A.D. 1270.] ARGENT, A CROSS ENGRAILED GULES. 829 

The 52nd of the same king (1268) Willehnus de Swathing held of John 
de Goumey a messuage, 54 acres of land, and 3 of wood, in Hardingham 
and Remerston; with free grinding without toll at John's mill, called 
Raven's Holm (as he and his ancestors before had at Little Mill), whilst 
little Mill was repaired ; and if they should be both out of repair that they 
could grind at neither, then John to pay 6 shillings and 5 pence per annum, 
till they could grind. John likewise granted to William de Swathing and 
his heirs, a free bull, and a free ram, with a free fold-course, and common 
of pasture over all his lands for his cattle, tempore aperto, as his ancestors 
had ; William releasing to John two acres of land called Schinnerslond. 
(Appendix LVIII. No. 2.) 

. This John de Goumey appears to have been a knight of great military 
renown ; he accompanied Edward, afterwards Edward I. to the Holy Land 
in 1270, as his name is amongst those to whom letters of protection were 
issued on that occasion, tested at Westminster.^ 

3 — J 1 His arms are given in an ancient cotemporary roll, 

3 r published in Heame*s Lelandi Collectanea, vol. ii. 

LAjuuu UjlaaJ p. 613: "John de Gumey d'argent a une croyze de 
goules engrale.** 

This John de Goumey,'' the grandchild to Matthew, 
confirmed to the church at Hardingham*^ the tithes 
which his "grandfather" Matthew had before given. 
John de Goumay I., in the 3rd Edward L, in Easter 
term, recovered against the prior of Lewes the advowson of the church of 
Harpley, who claimed it as the grant formerly of the Earl Warren ; but 
it appeared on trial at the king's bench, that John Le Coward, the cham- 
pion of Matthew de Goumay, gained it by combat of the prior in the reign 
of Henry in.^ 

In the 4th Edward L, 1276, William Calthorpe and Cecily his wife 




* Excerpta Historica, p. 272. ^ Harl. MSS. 970, p. 48. 

« Hardingham formed part of the manor of Swathings, so long held by this branch of the 
Goomays. 
d Blomefield in Harpley, and Norris MSS. 



330 JOHN DE GOURNAY I. [PART II. 

demanded against him, by the name of John the son of William de Gour- 
ney, the advowson of the church of Harpley, as the right of the said Cecily, 
whose ancestor had been sole seized thereof.* 

This Sir John de Goumay was performing military service due from 
William Bardolf (who had married the heiress of Hugh de Goumay VI,) 
in 1277 • muster at Worcester in eight days of St. John Baptist's day, 
1st July.b The other knights associated with him in this service for 
William Bardolf were Roger de Colvill and Gui de Botetourt, who, as well 
as John de Goumay, probably both held lands under him. 

This muster of forces at Worcester was on the occasion of Edward I.*s 
successful expedition against the Welsh, who had rebelled after the con- 
quest of that province. This is the last notice we find of John de Gumay. 

He left William, his son and heir, and a second son, John, afterwards 
rector of Harpley ; of both of whom hereafter. 

Cotemporary with this John de Goumey was Matthew de Goumey and 
Havrise his wife, tenentes, between whom and John de Curzon and Idonia 
his wife, querentes, a fine was levied of lands in Dunston, the right of 
John and Idonia, in 1251.^ 



* Blomefield in Harpley, and Norris MSS. 

^ Parliamentary Writs, vol. i. p. 201 and 651. 

c Norff. Rot 41 Henry lU. Norris MSS. Tnnstead, page 51. 



APP. LVII.] 



THE FEODUM MILITIS. 



331 



APPENDIX LVII. 



ON THE KNIGHT 8 FEE. 



Upon the Norman Conquest the feudal law 
was introduced into England in all its rigour, 
the whole of which system was raised on a 
military plan. In consequence thereof all the 
lands in the kingdom were divided into what 
are called knight*s fees, in number about sixty 
thousand ; and for every knight's fee, a knight 
or soldier, miles, was bound to attend the king 
in his wars for forty days in a year, in which 
space of time, before war was reduced to a 
science, the campaign was generally finished ; 
and, accordingly, we find one among the laws 
of William the Conqueror which enjoins: 
** Quod habeant et teneant se semper in armis 
et equis ut decet et oportet, et quod semper 
sint prompti et parati ad servitium suum inte- 
grum nobis explendum et peragendum cum 
opus adfuerit secundum quod debent de feodis 
et tenementis suis de jure nobis facere.'* 

This personal service, in process of time, de- 
generated into pecuniary compensations or aids ; 
and at last the military part of the feudal sys- 
tem was abolished at the Restoration, by stat. 
12 Charles XL chap. 24.* 

One condition of the tenure by which these 
milites held, was, that every one who held a 
knight's fee, which in the time of Henry II. 
amounted to ^20 a year, was obliged to be 
knighted and attend the king in his wars, or 
was fined for his non-compliance. The exer- 
tion of this prerogative in the reign of Charles I. 

* Blackstone^B Commentaries, book i. chap. 13. 



gave great offence, though warranted by law, 
and the recent example of Queen £lizabeth.f 

The quantity of land rated as a knight's fee 
appears to have varied, according to the quality 
of the soil, from five hundred to twelve hun- 
dred acres. Mr. Norris has entered at great 
length into this subject ; from an accurate ex- 
amination of Domesday Book he considers that 
in Norfolk the average quantity of land in a 
knight's fee was about 480 acres, according to 
the subjoined table.;]: 



1 


Feodum Militis. 


4 


1 


Carucata sire Hida. 


16 


4 


1 


Virgata. 


64 


16 


4 


1 


Fardella. 


480 


120 


30 


7* 


1 


Acra 



The tenants in capite of the crown furnished 
the milites to the king according to the number 
of knight's fees they held^ and the subinfeudati 
to their lords, the tenants in capite. We have 
entered into this explanation of the law of 
knight's service, as we presume this John de 
Goumey was presented by the jury of Mitford 
for the purpose of exacting the fine to which 
he was amenable for holding a knight's fee 
without having been knighted. « 

t Blackstone's Comment, book i. chap. 13, in Equi- 
tee aurati. 

X Norria MSS. vol. on Domeaday. 

X 



332 



JOHN DE 60URNAY 1. 



[part II. 



APPENDIX LVIIL 



No. 1. 

Plea between John de Bolemar and Alice de 
BaleeJuim, reepecHng her cattle at South 
WoottoMy and John de Goumay*e manor 
there. A^ 1265. 

Johannes de Bolemer attachiatus ad respon- 
dendum Alide de Balesham de pladto quare 
ipsam bonis et catallis suis apod Wootton de- 
predatos est. Et unde queritor quod cepit 
averia* ipsius Alicie in villa de Wootton, 
scilicet tres equos pretii triginta solidis, iv boves 
pretii xlviii solidis, xiv vaccas pretii quinqne 
libris, tres bovettos pretii solido, octies viginti 
et undecim oves pretii zxi marcis et v solidis. 

Et Johannes venit et defendit quod non 
cepit averia ejusdem Alicie nee ilia abduxit, 
sed revera dicit quod ipse venit ad manerium 
cujusdem Johannis de Gnmey in South Woot- 
ton, et quia idem Johannes fuit in conflictu de 
Lewes, contra dominum Regem et alibi post 
eundem conflictum, venit ipse ad manerium pre- 
d]«tum post bellum de Evesham et seisivit ma- 
nerium ilium in manum suam tanquam super 
inimicum Domini Regis. Et dicit quod post 
bellum de Evesham per provisionem Curie 
Domini Regis reddidit Domino Regi seisinam 
ejusdem manerii salvb sibi catalUs in eodem 
manerio inventis, et petit judicium si de aliqui- 
bus catallis captis super inimicum Domini Regis 
tempore guerre debeat ei respondere. 

Preceptum fuit vicecomiti quod coram eo in 
pleno comitatu venire faciat xii tam mHites, &c. 

* Stock, or cattle. 



per quoSy &c. Et per sacramentum eorum dili- 
genter inquireret si predicta Alicia fuit in sei- 
sina de predicto manerio, &ct 

The above plea is curious, from givn^ 
the quantity of stock or catde on the manor 
of South Wootton at this early period, and their 
value. 

No. 2. 

Fine between John de Gurney and WUUam 
de Swathing f of lands in Hardingham and 
JReymerston. Anno 1268. 

H»c est finalis conoordia facta in Curia Do- 
mini Regis i^md Norwicnm in craatino Saneti 
Michaelis anno regni Regis Henrici filn Regis 
Johannis quinquagesimo secundo oonuoa l^i- 
chola de Turn, Henrico de Monteforti de Far- 
legh magno, Ricardo de Stanes et Henrico de 
Wollaunton, Justiciariis ItinerantibuSy et aliis 
Dommi Regb fidelibus tone ibi p r o a en libaa, 
inter Johannem de Grumey petentem et Willel* 
mum de Swathing tenentem» de uno messuagio, 
quinquaginta et quatuor acris lerre et tribiis 
acris bosci cum pertinentiis in Hardingham et 
Reymerston, unde recognitio magna assise 
summonita fuit inter eos in eadsm cniia. 
Scilicet quod predictus Johannes rscognovit 
predictum messuagium, terram et boscum com 
pertinentiis, exceptis duabus acris terre de 
eadem terra, esse jus ipsius Willefani habenda 
et tenenda eidem Willehno et heredibos sma 
de predicto Johanne et heredibus suis m per- 
petuum. Reddendo inde per annum duodedm 

t AbbKT. Plac. p. 158. (49 Heo. lU.) Norf. 



APP. LVIII.] FINE BETWBBN 6URNBY AND DE SWATHING. 



338 



•olidofl et decern denarios ad quatuor terminos ; 
scilicet ad festum Sancti Michaelis ires solidos 
duos denarios et obulimiy ad natale Domini tres 
solidos duos deuarios et obulum, ad Pascham 
tres solidos duos dexuuios et obulum, et ad 
natiTitatem Sancti Johannis Baptiste tres 
sdidos duos denarios et obulum, pro onmi 
senritioy consuetudine, et ezactione. Et pre- 
dictus Johannes et heredes sui warrantibunty 
agent, et defendent eidem Willebno et heredibus 
SHIS predictum messuagium, terram et boscum 
com pertinentiis pro predicto senritio contra 
omnes homines in perpetuunu Et preterea 
idem Johannes concessit pro se et heredibus 
sois quod predictus Willelmus et heredes sui 
de cetero habeant liberam multuram suam 
molendini .... Johannis et heredum 
suorum de Ravensholm ad omnia blada sua 
sine tolneto inde percipiendam sicut prius habere 
consuevit in molendino ipsius Johannis quod 
vocatur Lytlemilne donee idem molendinum de 
litlemilne reparetur. Ita quod idem Willelmus 
et heredes sui competenter ibidem et libere mo- 
lere possint omnia blada sua sine tolneto sicut 
predictum est, et sicut antecessores sui et ipse 
Willelmus ibidem molere consueverunt. Et 
similiter concessit pro se et heredibus suis quod 
si predictum molendinum de Ravenesholm, 
processu temporis, ita deddat, quod pre- 
dictus Willelmus et heredes sui liberam et 
competentem multuram suam ibidem habere 
non poraunt, nee in predicto molendino quod 
▼ocator Litlemilne, cum necesse habuerint, 
extunc remittentur eidem Willelmo et heredibus 
sois sex solidi et quinque denarii per annum 
de predicto redditu duodecim solidormn et 
decem — scilicet ad quemlibet predictorum ter- 
minorum yiginti denarii et obulum donee 
unum predictonun molendinorum competenter 



fait reparatum. Ita quod predictus Willelmus 
yel heredes sui ibidem molere possint sicut pre- 
dictum est in perpetuum. Et preterea idem 
Johannes concessit pro se et heredibus suis pre- 
dicto Willelmo et heredibus suis unum liberum* 
taurum, et unum verrem liberum, ubicunque 
in terris ipsius Johannis in predictis yillis, et 
liberam faldamf suam in terris ipsius Willelmi 
predicti cum sufficient! ingressu et egressu ad 
pasturam suam ubicunque in terris predictis 
predicti Johannis et heredum suorum, ad omnia 
averia ipsius Willelmi et heredum suorum, toto 
tempore aperto, sicut ipse prius habere consueyit 
in eadem villa, sine oontradictione vel impedi- 
mento ipsius Johannis et heredum suorum in 
perpetuum. Et pro hac recognitione, warranto, 
aquietancia,de{ensione, concessione, fine et con- 
cordia, idem Willelmus recognovit predictas 
duas acras de predicta terra scilicet illas duas 
acras terre que yocantur Schinnereslond esse 
jus ipsius Johannis et illas ei reddidit in eadem 
curia, remissionem et quiet'clam de se et heredi- 
bus suis predicto Johanni et heredibus suis in 
perpetuum. Et preterea idem Willelmus dedit 
predicto Johanni quinque marcas argenti. 

* The liber taunu and liber verres were kept by the 
lord for the tenants^ use, free of expense. 

t The libera fidda was the right of folding aheep, 
which was originally confined to the lord of a manor, 
who folded his tenants* sheep upon his demesne lands 
fbr the sake of mannre; this feudal right was retained in 
Norfolk, Suffolk, and Cambridgeshire, as being for the 
most part sheep walks, at the time Sir H. Spelman wrote 
his Qlossaiy : see under the wordfaldagium in that work. 
The tempus apertum was the winter half of the year, 
when the open field lands, which were private during 
the summer months when the crops were upon them, 
became the common pasture for the stock (averia) of the 
parish : this system of what is called half-year lands still 
prevails in many places. 






334 



JOHN DE GOURNAY I. 



[part II. 



No. 3. 

The following Deeds in foivaur of the Abbey 
of Marham are witnessed by John de 
Goumay. 

Noverint nniyersi, &c. Rogerius Prior* ec- 
clesie beate Marie de Wymundham et ejusdem 
loci conventus concesBimus et present! cart& 
no8tr& confirmavimus Marie f Abbatisse de 
Marham et ejusdem loci conyentui unum Mes 
soagium in villa de Forhowe Carlton quod 
vocat Saltacre, &c. Hiis testibus. Domino An- 
drea de Hengham, Domino Thoma de Hel- 
thon, Domino Willelmo de Brom, Domino 
Rogero de Toftys, Domino Johanne de Gur- 

* Roger, prior of WymondhAm before 1286. 
t BfarU, first abbess of Ifarbam. 



ney, Domino Huberto Hakun, Ricardo filio 
8U0 et aliis. | 

No. 4. 

Sciant presentee, &c Ego Thomas de Dmi- 
ham concessi dedi et hac presenii cart& meft 
confirmayi Domine Marie Abbatisse de Mar* 
ham et monialibus ejusdem, &c, duo Messuagia, 
unam acram prati et triginta quatuor acras 
terre arabilis quas habui in villa de Wymund- 
ham, &c. Hiis testibus. Domino Roberto de 
Morley, Domino Andrea de Hengham, Domino 
Willielmo de Brom, Domino Johanne de Grur- 
ney, Domino Huberto Hakon, Ricardo filio 
suo, Johanne de Gelham, Nicholao de Karlton 
et aliis. § 

t From the Register of Marham Abbey, page 68, 
penes Sir Thomas Hare, Bart. 
§ Ibid, page 69. 




335 



WILLIAM DE GOURNAY III. 

Was son and heir of the last-mentioned Sir John, and granted land in 
Thurston, for homage and service, by deed without date ; Sir Henry Spel- 
man thinks in the reign of Henry III. ^' His seal, a man-at-arms, like the 
Earl Warren's, in a round about one and a quarter inch in diameter, with 
circumscription of ' His very seal,* which seal he also gave before he was 
knight;" 

This deed, mentioned by Spelman, is probably the same of which a copy 
is preserved in the cartulary of Walsingham priory (Cotton, Nero E. vii. 
fol. 115), in which William de Gumey confirms to that priory the homage 
of William Catteston, and a tenement in Runhall and Thurston, which had 
been previously given by him to Roland the son of John Del Frith, and 
which the said Roland had given to the priory of Walsingham. (Appendix 
LIX.) 

This donation appears to have been made whilst William was prior of 
Walsingham, who apparently presided over the priory from 1276 to 1290. 

In the 14th Edward I. (1286), William de Calthorpe and Cecily his wife 
brought a precipe and demanded the church at Harpley before the justices 
itinerant, and thereupon a fine was levied thereof before the said justices, 
whereby William de Calthorpe and Cecily his wife acknowledged the same 
to be the right of the said William, son of John de Goumey, and of his 
heirs for ever. (Placitum de juratis et assisis coram Solomone de Roff. et 
sociis apud Norwicum in octavis Sancti Hilarii, 14 Edward I. Rotulus 12, 
dorso, M.S. Le Neve, No. 8, page 3.**) 

In the 15th Edward I. (1287), William de Gournay claimed free warren 
in Gumey's manor in Hardingham."^ 

• Spelman MSS. ; Guraay Pedi^ee, App. LV. 
»» Norris MSS. Tunstead hundred, p. 54. 
c Blomefield, in Hardingham. 



336 WILLIAM DK 60URNAY III. [PART II. 

He married Catharine, who, it seems likely, was daughter of Edmund 
Baeonsthorpe, and had issue three sons, John, William, and Edmund.^ (Ap- 
pendix LX) 

This William de Goumay, knight (miles), made a grant, dated the 22d 
Edward I. (1294), to John his brother, parson of Harpley, of the manor of 
Harpley and other manors, neither lying within ten miles of the other, for 
" quatuor viginti marcas,*' i. e. eighty marks, to be paid quarterly, " vi- 
ginti libras.*'^ His seal, in an oval, a cross engrailed plainly extant. This, 
Sir Henry Spelman says, *^ is the. first scutcheon, or arms, with any of the 
nine honours I have seen ; but have often seen beasts and fowls given in 
seals, but never in a scutcheon, but round." (Appendix LXI.) 

What the motive of this sale of his estates by William de Gumay to his 
brother for an annuity might be, I have not discovered. Palestine was lost 
to the Christians before the year 1294 ; therefore it could not have been 
for the purpose of visiting the Holy Land. Perhaps pecuniary difficulties 
led to this arrangement, by which it was agreed that the more prudent 
brother John, the priest, should possess the family fiefe for his life, that 
they might revert to the son and descendants of William afterwards. 

Contemporary. — ^Edmund Gurney, who in 31st Edward I. (1303), 
held in Houghton a quarter of a knighfs fee of the honour of Wormegay. 



* Ibid, in Harpley, and Norris MSS. 

^ I presume by this is meant for eighty marks at the time of executing the deed, and for an 
annuity of twenty pounds quarterly, or eighty pounds a-year. I have not met with any copy of 
this deed. The above particulars are from the Spelman MSS. (Appendix LV.) 



APP. LIX.] 



HOMAGE OF WILLIAM DB CATTESTON. 



337 



APPENDIX LIX. 



GIFT TO THE PRIOR OF WALSINGHAM OF THE HOMAGE OF WILLIAM DE CATTESTON. 



No. 1. 

From the JRegitter Chartarum Prioratu8 de 
WalHnghanh BibU Cotton. Nero E. vii. 
fo. 116. 

Decanatas de Runhale, Carta Rolandi del 
Frith de homagio Willelmi de Catteston. 

Sciant presentee et futuri quod ego Rolandus 
filius Johannis del Frith concessi et dedi et 
hac present! carta mea confirmavi Deo et 
ecclesie Sancte Marie de Walsingham et ca- 
nonibus ibidem Deo servientibus homagium 
Willelmi de Catteston cmn toto tenemento quod 
tennit de me in villa de Runhale et de Turston 
com omnibus pertinentibus que habui ex dono 
Willelmi de Gumay domini mei pro servitio 
meo, in liberam, puram et perpetuam elemosy- 
nam, pro salute anime mee, et omnium anteces- 
sorum meorum et successorum. Testibus, &c. 

This donation of Roland del Frith was con- 
firmed by his superior lord, William de Gur- 
nay, as follows : — 



No. 2. 

Omnibus ad quos presens scriptum pervenerii 
Willelmus de Gumay salutem. 

Noverit universitas vestra me concessisse et 
hac present! carta confirmasse Deo et ecclesie 
Sancte Marie de Walsingham et canonibus 
ibidem Deo servientibus donationem quam Ro- 
landus filius Johannis del Frith fecit eis, scilicet, 
homagium Willelmi de Catteston cum toto tene- 
mento suo quod tenuit de eodem Rolando in 
villa de Runhale et de Turston cum omnibus 
pertinenciis, sicut carta predicti Rolandi quam 
inde habent testatur. Testibus, &c. 

These deeds afford an illustration of the 
holdings of land under the feudal system. Wil- 
liam de Catteston, the villein, owes homage and 
fealty to Roland del Frith ; and he again to 
William de Gumay, his superior, who himself, 
as mesne-lord, owed suit and service to the 
elder line of the Guraays, who held these lands 
as tenants in capite of the Crown. 



APPENDIX LX. 

ON THE FAMILY OF BACONSTHORPE. 



We are inclined to believe that this Catha- 
rine, wife of William de Gumey III. was a 
Baconsthorpe. 

John Gumay (II.)) the rector and patron of 



Harpley, was lor^ of the manor of Welbum, 
which had been in the Baconsthorpes. The 
moiety of the manor of Woodhall, in Bacons- 
thorpe, came from that family to sir John de 



338 



WILLIAM DE GOURNAY III. 



[part II. 




Gouraey, knt (V.) of West Barsham, who died 
lord of it in 1407 ;♦ his widow held, in the 
reign of Henry VI., " quartam partem unius 
feodi quondam Edmundi Baconsthorpe/'f 

The later generations of the West Barsham 
Gumeys quartered, between the coats of War- 
ren and de Wauncy, 
Azure, 3 griffin's heads 
erased or, collared sa- 
ble, which are the arms 
of Baconsthorpe, ac- 
cording to Edmund- 
son, and old ordinaries 
of the reign of James 
I., now existing in the 
Heralds' College, London. 

From this fact they must have married a 
Baconsthorpe heiress previous to the match 
with de Wauncy, and after that with Warren 
or de Bumham. (See armorial pedigree. Ap- 
pendix LV. page 320.) 

It is not likely that the manor of Woodhall 
should have fallen into the Gumeys so late as 
the reign of Henry IV., if the marriage with 
Baconsthorpe had taken place much earlier 
than the time of this Katharine. 

The family of Baconsthorpe is the same as 
that of Bacon * Bacon is a Norman name, 
originating in some fief so called'^ The Eng- 
lish family of Bacon does not appear to de- 
scend from that of Bacon du Molay, who were 
of distinction in Normandy, but from Grim- 
bald, said to be a kinsman of the Earl Warren, 
and who came to England with him at the 
Conquest, and was enfeoffed by that earl of the 
manors of Letheringset and Thorpe, afterwards 
called Baconsthorpe, bothMn Norfolk. It is 

* Blomefleld, in Baconsthorpe. 
t Norrii MSB. Gut. Antiq. 62. 
t Bomui de Bon, toI. ii. p. 209. 



likely this Grimbald held some manor in Nor- 
mandy called Bacon, from whence the name of 
the family. The descendants of Grimbald held 
the principal manor of Baconsthorpe for several 
centuries, and were called indi£Ferently Bacon 
or Baconsthorpe. The illustrious Roger Bacon 
can hardly have been of this family ; he haying 
been bom at or near Ilchester, in Somerset- 
shire, in 1214 ; but John de Baconsthorpe, the 
celebrated Carmelite friar, of whom Fuller 
makes mention in his Worthies, was certainly 
son of Sir Thomas Bacon, of Baconsthorpe, 
and was bom at that place.§ 

The Bacons of Baconsthorpe were also lords 
of Field Bailing, and patrons of Blackborough 
Nunnery, near Lynn ; in the cartulary of 
which house are several of their charters of 
gifts of land in that parish. 

They ended in coheiresses in the sixteenth 
century, when the estates were sold to the 
Heydons, who built a large mansion at Bacons- 
thorpe. 

The arms of this family varied much, and 
prove that in the early periods coats of arms 
were by no means always hereditary : they bore, 
Gules, on a chief argent 2 mullets sable, which 
are borne by the present family ; Argent, a 
cross engrailed, counter-changed gules and 
sable ; and Gules, three boars passant or. 

A younger branch of the Baconsthorpes 
were enfeoffed by the elder of the manor of 
Woodhall in Baconsthorpe, and of a manor in 
Hingham, from whence they were called indif- 
ferently de Baconsthorpe and de Hingham ; this 

§ This John de Baconsthorpe was oelebiated for his 
high spirit in his low body ; his stature was dwarfish : 

" Scalpellnm, calami, atramentum, carta, libellua.** 
His penknife, pen, inkhom, one sheet of paper, and his 
book, would amount to his full height. — Fuller^ 
Worthies, p. 255. 



APP. LX.] 



FAMILY OF BACONSTHORPE. 



339 



• • 





^»?«f 




was in 1227, when Robert Bacon lettled these 
manors on Roger his brother. The heiress of 
this femily apparently married to the Gurneys 



of West Barsham, as before stated, where their 
arms, different from the elder line, are also 
given. 



APPENDIX LXI. 



UPON THE COAT OF ARMS, ARGENT, A CROSS ENGRAILED GULES* 




Armorial emblems and distinctions were un- 
doubtedly used as early as the tenth century, 
as appears by the decree of the Emperor 
Henry I. sumamed the Fowler, respecting 
tournaments. He began to reign 919: the first 
tournament took place 938.* 

Guidons and pennons without a charge are 
upon the seals of William the Conqueror and 
William Rufus,f which seems to countenance 
the idea which prevails in the local historians, 
that the shield of the ancient Lords of Gour- 



• EdmondBon^s Heraldry. PrefiMje, p. 18. 
t DalUwEj's Heraldry, p. 18. 



nay was pure sable. 
The Normans with the 
feudal system intro- 
duced armorial bear- 
ings into England. 
The Crusades gradu- 
ally rendered them 
more and more gene- 
ral, and they finally 
became hereditary in 
families in the ISth century. 

This instance of William de Goumay is the 
earliest on record of the use of the cross 




2 Y 



340 



WILLIAM DE GOURNAY III. 



[part II. 



engrailed in a seal or document by any of 
the family; but this coat was borne by his 
father John de Gumey, as appears from an 
ancient roll of arms apparently cotemporary, 
published in Heame's Leland*s Collectanea, 
vol. ii. p. 6 1 3. A nd this John de Gumey accom- 
panied Edward I. to the Holy Land in 1270, 
which might have originated the bearing.* 

There is, however, no evidence to prove that 
they did not use it earlier, and Hugh de Gour- 
ney V. having been Richard I/s Commissioner 
at the surrender of Acre in 1190, when the 
true cross was given up to the Crusaders, this 
circumstance seems a probable cause of this 
bearing of the engrailed cross. 

Guillim says,t that the gentry in counties 
were accustomed to take the arms of the prin- 
cipal nobility of the district, with distinctive 
variations of colour and bearings ; and that in 
Norfolk many families took their arms from 
the houses of Albany, Vere, Strange, and 
Ufford.+ The Uffords, Earls of Suffolk, had 
large estates in Nor- 
folk ; they bore. Sable, 
a cross engrailed or. 
The following ancient 
families of this county 
certainly bore also en- 
grailed crosses, vary- 
ing in colour. 



Bacon of Bacons- 
thorpe. Argent, a 
cross engrailed, coun- 
terchanged gules and 
sable. § 



• Ezcerpta Historica, p. 272. 

t Guillim's Heraldry, Introduction, p. 

X Spelman in Aspilogui. 

g Blomefleld in Baconstliorpe. 




Heydon. Quarterly 
argent and gules, a 
cross engrailed, coun- 
terchanged. 



Ingoldesthorpe. 
Gules, a cross en- 
grailed argent. 



Bemey. Per pale 
gules and azure, over 
all a cross engrailed 
ermine. 



Whetenhall. As 
quartered by Warner, 
Vert, a cross engrailed 
ermine. 



Gumey. Argent, 
a cross engrailed gules. 










APP, 



LXI.] 



ARGENT, A CROSS ENGRAILED GULES. 



341 



Robert de Ufford, the first of the family, 
was a younger son of John de Peyton, of Pey- 
ton in Suffolk ; in the 54 Henry III. 1270, he 
was with Prince Edward, when he and many 
others assumed the cross for his expedition to 
the Holy Land.* And Sir John de Goumey, 
who had been in arms against Henry III. at 
the battle of Lewes, was in the same crusade ;+ 
as was also John de Ingoldsthorpe. 

We, however, doubt whether at the period 
in question (22 Edw. I.) the superiority of the 
Uffords was so decided as to have induced the 
gentry of this county to adopt variations of 
their arms. 

Another probability is, that the Goumays 
and the Heydons, each of them having had 
property at Baconsthorpe, may at some remote 
period have married coheiresses of the Bacons 

♦ Dugdale*s Baronage, vol. ii. p. 47. 
t Ezcerpta Historica, p. 272. 



there resident, and have assumed their arms 
with a slight variety. 

With regard to seals, it appears that one of 
the earliest seals with arms now known in 
England was that of Richard I. In the time 
of Henry II. Lucy, Chief Justice of England, 
reprehended a gentleman for using a private 
seal of arms, because he said it was peculiar to 
the king and nobility. After the time of 
Edw. II. the use of them grew to be ordinary.} 

Sir Henry Spelman says this seal of William 
de Gournay III. is the earliest which he had 
seen containing an escutcheon with one of the 
nine honors. The nine honors, or honorable 
ordinaries in heraldry, are the chief, the pale, 
the bend, the bend sinister, the fess, the bar, 
the chevron, the cross, and the saltier. 

We subjoin a drawing of a seal of the same 
date as William de Gumey's. 

X Hearne'*8 Curiotu Discourses, vol. i. p. 169. 




8K4L ON ▲ DERD OF TH01U8 DE IICOOLDEBT HO&PB, AT 8T0W-BALL, NOBFOLK. 16 Edw. I. 1288. 



342 



JOHN DE GOURNAY IL 

John dk Gournay II. was a priest, and rector of Harpley ; to him his 
brother William de Gournay III. conveyed the manor of Harpley and all 
his other manors in the 22d year of Edward I. (1294). 

In the year 27-28 Edw. I. he was lord of Harpley, as appears from the 
Court Rolls ; and in the 35th of Edw. I. he was lord rector and patron ; 
and the same year had an annual fair granted him, to be kept on the 
25th of July, and the fair to belong to the rector for the time being.* 

In the 29th year of Edw. I. (1301) he purchased the manor of Saxthorpe 
of Simon de Crepping and Maude his wife ; Simon remaining his tenant 
of the manor and lands at a rent of forty pounds sterling a year. (Appendix 
LXII. No. 1.) 

In the 31st Edw. I. he held the manor of Swathing in Hardingham for 
one knight*s fee, of Hugh Bardolf : at the same time he and Walter de 
Calthorpe, and their tenants, held a knight^s fee in Harpley of the honour 
of Warren.^ 

The 34th Edw. I. (1306) a fine was levied between John de Goumey, 
querent, and Sarra, who had been the wife of John de Kilbey, deforcient, 
of the manor of Hillington, the right of John de Goumey, who granted it 
to Sarra for life, remainder to John son of GeoflBry Wymer of Saham, and 
Margaret his wife, in fee tail.*" (App. LXII. No. 2.) 

In the 6th Edw. II. (1 313) John de Goumey passed by fine to Richard de 
Thurston and Ada his wife, six messuages, 115 acres of land, with 15 
shillings in rent, in that town, RunhaU, &c.^ 

In 1315 he was retumed by the sheriflF as Lord of the Manor of Harpley, 
and at the same time as having manors in Hingham, Brandeston, Wei- 
bume, Reymerstone, and Hardingham.* 

a Blomefield in Harpley. ^ Feoda, Norff. 31 Edw. I. 

c Fine Norff. 34 Edw. I. d Blomefield in Thurston, or Thuxton. 

e Norris MS& Tunstead hundred, p. 55. 



A.D. 1316.] RIGHT OF KILLING GAME AT SWATHING. 343 

We have seen that this John de Goumay 11. purchased all the manors 
belonging to his brother, William de Gournay III., of which some of these 
were a part ; but Brandeston and Welbum he seems to have added to the 
estate, also Saxthorpe and Hillington, and the manor of Uphall in Harpley. 
By what means he was wealthy enough to make these purchases, does not 
appear. 

In the 9th year of Edw. II. (1316) John de Goumay impleaded WilUam 
de Swathing respecting the right of coursing hares, &c. at Hardingham, as 
follows: — 

Norf. John de Goumey impleaded William de Swathing for entering by 
violence, without his licence, on his free-warren at Swathing, as, on the 
Monday after the feast of St. Michael, he had chased and taken 20 hares, 
80 rabbits, and 100 partridges. William pleaded that Lewis de Goumey 
was lord, and held the manor at the conquest (that is, time out of mind) 
with free-warren, and enfeoffed Arnold de Swathing his predecessor of a 
moiety of the said manor, with free-warren, &c. and one Sewall, the sewer, 
(dapifer,) predecessor in this manor of William de Goumey, in the other 
moiety, from which William the same John who now brings the complaint 
had purchased his moiety ; and by reason of the aforesaid moiety, he and 
his predecessors, time immemorial, used in one moiety as well as the other 
to chase hares at their will and pleasure.' (App. LXII. No. 3.) We see 
by this plea that John de Gumay, the worthy priest of Harpley, was very 
tenacious of his game, as well as of his manorial rights. 

This year also, 1316, 9 Edw. II. he settled the manor of Harpley on John 
de Goumey, son of Katharine, and Jane his wife, in tail, remainder to 
William and Edmund, brothers of John, his nephews. (App. LXII. No. 4.) 

The 13th of Edw. 11. 1319, Gilbert de Upegate released two pence rent 
to John Gumey, out of certain lands. (App LXII. No. 6.) 

By a deed dated at Harpley, Nov. 26th, 1325, 18 Edw. II., Walter, son of 
Bobert de Meleford, grants to his lord. Sir John de Gumey, Rector of the 
church of Harpley, his messuage called Uphall, with all the homages and 
services of his free tenants, view of frank-pledge, free bull and boar ; all 

A Abbreviatio Placitomm, Rot. 112, p. 321. 



344 



JOHN DE 60URNAY II. 



[PABT II. 



perquisites of court, and all other liberties late Ralph's son of Walter de 
Manor, with wards, reliefs, escheats, &c. with all the lands that Marion, late 
wife of the said Walter, holds for life, being of his right and inheritance, 
and all the tenements which Sir Henry de Walpole, knight, and Thomas 
Elwyn of Houghton, held of the said Marion during her life, and which after 

her death ought to descend to the said 
Walter and his heirs ; the said John 
de Goumey paying one clove per 
annum. Witnesses, Sir Henry de 
Walpole, Thomas de Feltham, Ed- 
mund Lawrence, Oliver de Massing- 
ham, Ralph de Walsingham, William 
deHarpley. (Appendix LXII. No. 6.) 
And the said manor, tenements, &ci 
were, by deed of the said John de 
Goumey, dated on Monday the feast 
of St. Thomas the Apostle, in the 6th 
year of King Edw. III. ( 1 332) granted 
to his nephew, John de Goumey, and 
Jane his wife, remainder to John 
their son and heir, and their heirs; 
to which was attached a seal of green 
wax, oval, about the size of a half- 
crown, with the impress of some saint 
in an arch, the legend, ^* S. JoKis de 
Gumayr'^ (App. LXII. No. 7.) 

John de Goumay, the nephew, pre- 
senting to the church at Harpley this 
year (1332), proves it also to be the 
date of the death of John, the rector 
and patron. In the chancel of Harp* 
ley church exists a slab of Purbeck 




* Blomefield in Harpley. 



A.D. 1332.] HIS TOMB AT HARPLEY. 345 

marble, in memory of this John de Gumey. In the centre of the stone has 
been an ecclesiastical figure under a canopy, with an escutcheon on either 
side : but the brass of all this is gone. Surrounding it is the following 
inscription, cut in the stone itself, and still perfectly legible — 

^* Hie jacet corpus Joh'is de Gumay, quondam Rectoris Patronique hujus ecclesie, cujus anime 
propicietur Deus. Amen.** 

In September 1829 some workmen, who were employed in making a 
grave near the stone, displaced it : they found it formed the lid of a stone 
grave or coffin about one and a half foot deep, two and a half feet wide, 
and five feet eleven inches long, with three small holes at the bottom for 
the moisture to drain through into a reservoir beneath, about a foot in 
depth. The skeleton of John de Gumay was found with the head resting 
on a stone pillow, habited in the silk dress of a priest. On the feet the 
upper leathers of the shoes remained uninjured ; in the left hand was a 
sacramental cup, which from the description was probably copper gilt. 
Unfortunately the cup was taken away by the workmen, and could not be 
recovered : the dress also was much torn by them. The height of the 
body must have been about five feet eleven inches. The teeth were all 
perfect, notwithstanding, from the fact of the manor having been con- 
veyed to him, a priest, in 1294, and his not dying till 1332, he must have 
been sixty years of age at least at his death. 

Persons of distinction, in the middle ages, were buried habited in their 
dress of ceremony. Pennant, in his History of London, gives an inter- 
esting account of the state in which the corpse of Edward I. was found 
in his tomb at Westminster Abbey. Subsequently King John was dis- 
covered at Worcester, and some of the later sovereigns at Windsor. The 
remains of an ancient Bishop of Durham, by some said to be Saint Cuth- 
bert, were found in the cathedral there, clothed in a Saxon episcopal dress, 
with the name of the sempstress in Saxon characters worked upon it. 
Mr. Norris mentions a priest being found in a stone coffin at Diss with a 
sacramental cup : indeed the priests were generally buried in their sacer- 
dotal dress, and with a chalice. Monks and nuns also were buried in the 
habits of their order. 



346 



JOHN DE 60URNEY II. 



[part II. 



Contemporary with John de Gournay II. — In 1310 a fine was levied 
between William^ son of Philip de Goumey^ and Ellen his wife, querents, 
and Ela late wife of John de Calveley, of a messuage, tenement, &c. in 
Reymerstone, the right of Ela, who granted it to William and Ellen for 
their lives.' 



* Fine Norf. 3d Edw. II. 




i^^^[ij^%\^^ii^y'^:^ -cr^ 



A.D. 1314.] PINE, 7 ED. n. 346a. 

The following fine is a remarkable additional proof of the descent of the 
Goumeys of Swathings, and Hingham Gumeys (afterwards of West Barsham), 
from the Lords of Goumay ; this fine being obviously in bar of any claim 
the junior male line might have on the three manors of Kimberley, Cantley, 
and Caister, all in Norfolk, which fell to the Bardolfs on the marriage of 
Julia de Gournay (heiress of the elder line) with William Bardolf, about 
the year 1239. The consideration is merely nominal, a hawk of the first 
year, " Espuarium sorum ; " but the fine being made by the precept of 
the king is a singular circumstance : — 



FEET OF FINE — NORFOLK, 7 EDW. II., NO. 402. 

(1314.) 

Hec est finalis concordia facta in curia Domini Regis apud Westmonas- 
terium in octaba Sancte Trinitatis, anno Regni Regis Edwardi filii Regis 
Edwardi septimo, coram Willelmo de Bereford, Lamberto de Rikingham, 
Johanne de Benstede, Henrico le Scrope, Willelmo Inge, et Johanne Bacon, 
justiciariis, et aliis Domini Regis fidelibus tunc ibi presentibus. Inter 
Thomam Bardolf et Agnetem uxorem ejus qucrentes, et Johannem de 
Gurney et Johannem de Ilalughton deforcientes, de maneriis de Quimberlie, 
Cantele et Castre, cum pertinentibus. Unde placitum convencionis 
sumptum fuit inter eos in eadem curia, scilicet quod predicti Johannes et 
Johannes recognaverunt predicta maneria cum pertinentibus esse jus 
ipsius Thome, et ilia eisdem Thome et Agneti reddiderunt in eadem curia. 
Uabenda et tenenda eisdem Thome et Agneti, et heredibus ipsius Thome 
de Domino Rege, et heredibus suis per servicia que ad predicta maneria 
pertinent in perpetuum. Et pro hac rccognitione, reddicione, fine et 
concordia, iidem Thomas et Agnes dederunt predictis Jobanni et Johanni 
unum espuarium sorum. Et hec concordia facta fuit per preceptum ipsius 
Domini Regis. — Norff. 

This John de Gurney was the rector of Harpley, who was such in 
1314, whom we caU the II. (page 342), and who purchased of his brother 
William all his manors and rights, whose monument is now at Harpley. 



■^ !»■ ^r 



• 



A.D. 1314.] 



FINE, 7 ED, n. 



&l6b. 



For this fine John de Gamey received as an equivalent the manor of 
Winburgh, in Norfolk, and others, as appears in the Dodsworth Collections, 
Bodleian Library, No, 57. 

Escheat Anno, 7 Ed. II. (1314, the same year as the fine), — Norff., jurati 
dicunt quod non est ad dampnum, si rex concessit Thome Bardolf quod ipse 
de maneriis de Quinborough, in com. Norfolk, feoffare possit Johannem 
de Gumay, etcsetera; et int^r alia, maneria de Stoke Bardolf, in comitatu 
NotLinghamensi ; Okebroke, in comitatu Derby ; quae tenentur de Domino 
Rege, in Capite per Baroniam. 

This escheat roll seems now to be lost, as a search has been made for it 
in vain ; but there can be no doubt of Dodsworth's copy being correct. 



4 



APP/LXII.] 



SAXTHORPE AND HILLINGTON. 



847 



APPENDIX LXII. 



DOCUMENTS RELATING TO JOHK 0B OOURNAY II. PRIEST, RECTOR, AND PATRON OP 

HARPLET, 



No, 1. 
Fine 29th Edward I. (1301), Simon de 
Crepping and Maud his wife, and John 
de Gemay {Gumey)^ of the Manor of 
Saxthorpe. 

Hec est finalis concordia faciA in curU 
Domini Regis apud Eboracum in octavis Sancti 
Johannis Baptiste, anno Regni Regis Edwardi 
filii Regis Henrid vicesimo none, coram 
Johanne de Metyngham, Willelmo de Bere- 
ford, Elia de Bekyneham, Petro Malorre, Wil- 
lelmo Howard, et Lamberto de Trjkyngham, 
justiciariis, et aliis Domini Regis fidelibus tunc 
ibi presentibus; inter Simonem de Creppinge et 
Matildam uxorem ejus querentes, et Johannem 
de Gemey deforciantem, de manerio in Sax- 
thorpe, com pertinentiis, et de uno messuagio, 
centom et decem acris terre, octo acris prati, 
octo acris pasture et decem solidatis ledditus 
com pertinentiis in Corpesti et Saxtborpe. 
Unde placitum conventionis summonitum fuit 
inter eos in eadem curia, scilicet quod predictus 
Simon recognovit predicta tenementa cum 
pertinentiis esse jus ipsius Jobannis, ut ilia 
que idem Jobaimes babet de dono predict! Si- 
monis. £t pro bac recognitione fine et con- 
cordia idem Jobannes concessit predictis Simoni 
et Matilde predicta tenementa cum pertinentiis. 
Et ilia eis reddidit in eadem curia, babenda et 
tenenda eisdem Simoni et Matilde, et beredibus 
quos idem Simon de corpore ipsius Matilde 
procreat, de predicto Jobanne et beredibus suis 
in perpetumn, Reddendo inde per annum tota 

2 



vita ipsius Jobannis quadraginta libras ster- 
lingorum ad duos terminos, scilicet medieta- 
tem ad festum Sancti Micbaelis et aliam medi- 
tatem ad Pascbam, pro omni servitio, consuetu- 
dine et exactione ad predictum Jobannem et 
beredes suos pertinentes. Et faciendo inde 
capitalibus dominis feodi illius pro predicto 
Jobanne et beredibus suis omnia alia servitia 
que ad ilia tenementa pertinent* Et post de- 
cessum ipsius Jobannis, predictus Simon et 
Matilda et beredes sui predicti erunt quieti de 
solutione predictorum denariorum per annum in 
perpetuum. Et si contingat quod predictus 
Simon obierit sine berede de corpore ipsius 
Matilde predicte, tunc post decessum ipsius 
Simonis et Matilde predictorum tenementa cum 
pertmentiis integre manebunt rectis beredibus 
ipsius Simonis tenenda de capitalibus dominis 
feodi illius per servitia que ad ilia tenementa 
pertinent in perpetuum. 

No. 2. 

F^ne between John de Goumay and Roger 
de Kylhyy of the Manor ofHilUngton, S4th 
Edward I. (IS06). 

HflBC est finalis concordia facta in Curia Do- 
mini Regis apud Westmonasterium a die Sancte 
Trinitatis in quindecim dies anno regni Regis 
Edwardi filii Regis Hrarid tricesimo quarto, 
coram Radulfo de Hengbam, Willelmo de 
Ber^ord, Elia de Bekyngbam, Petro Malow, 
Willelmo Howard, Lamberto de Trekingham» 
Hervioo de Staunton, justiciariis^ et aliis Domini 
Z 



348 



JOHN DE GOURNAY II. 



[part II. 



Regis fidelibus tuDc ibi presentibas, inter Johan- 
nem de Gurnay querentem, et Sarram que fuit 
uxor Rogeri de Kylby deforcientem, de manerio 
de Hillington com pertinentiis. Unde placitum 
convencionis summonitum fuit inter eos in 
eadem curia, sdli^et quod predicta Sarra recog^ 
novit predictum manerium cum pertinentiis esse 
jus ipsius Johanni8> ut illud quod idem Johannes 
habet de dono predicte Sarre, et pro bac recog- 
nitione fine et concordia idem Johannes con- 
cessit predicte Sarre predictum manerium cum 
pertinentiis, et illud ds reddidit in eadem curia, 
liabendum et tenendum eidem Sarre de capitall- 
bus dominis feodi illius per servitia que ad 
illud manerium pertinent tota vita illius Sarre. 
Et post decessum ipsius Sarre predictum mane- 
vrium cum pertinentiis int^rre remanebit Johanni 
filio Galfridi Wymer de Saham et Margarite 
uxori ejus et heredibus quos idem Johannes 
filius Galfridi de corpore ipsius Margarite pro- 
creat, tenendum de capitalibus dominis feodi 
illius per servitia que ad illud manerium perti- 
nent in perpetuum. £t si contingat quod pre- 
dictus Johannes filius Galfridi obierit sine 
herede de corpore ipsius Margarite procreato, 
tunc post decessum utriusque ipsorum Johannis 
et Margarite, predictum manerium cum perti- 
nentiis integre remanebit rectis heredibus ipsius 
Johannis filii Galfridi, tenendum de capitalibus 
dominis feodi illius per servitia que ad illud 
manerium pertinent in perpetuum. 

No. 3. 

Inter Recorda in Thesaurario Curie Reoepte 
Scaccarii assenrata: viz. in Rotulo indorsato 
coram rege Trin. 8 Ed. 2, continetur ut sequitur. 

Piacita coram domino Rege apud Westmo- 
nasterium de termino Sancte Trinitatis anno 
regni Regb Edwardi filii Regis Edwardi oc- 
toTo. (1314.) 

Adhuc de quindena Sancti Johannis Baptiste. 



Willelmus de Swathing attachiatus fiiit ad 
respondendum Johanni de Gumay de placito 
quare vi et armis liberam i^arennam ipsiua 
Johannis de Gumaj apud Swathinge intravtt 
et in ea sine licentia et voluntate sua fugavit, et 
lepores, cuniculos et perdices cepitetasportavit, 
et alia enormia, &c* ad grave damnum, &c et 
contra pacem, &c. Et unde queritur quod 
predictus ^Uelmus die Lune proxima poit 
festum Sancti MichaeHs anno regni Regis 
nunc septimo liberam warennam ipsius Jo- 
hannis apud Swathing intravit, et in ea nne 
licentia et voluntate sua fugavit, et vigpnti 
lepores quatuor viginti cuniculos et centum 
perdices cepit et asportavit. Unde dicit quod 
deterioratus est et damnum habet ad valentiam 
centum librarum. Et unde perducit sectam, 
&c. Et predictus Willelmus de Swathing venit 
et defendit vim et injuriam quando, &c. et didt 
quod nihil contra pacem domini Reg^ fedt. 
Dicit enim quod quidam Lothewicus 4e Gumay 
tempore conquestus tenuit Maneruim de Swa» 
thinge integre warrennatum, qui quidem Lo- 
thewicus feoffavit quemdam Amaldum de 
Swathinge antecessorem predict! Willelmi de 
Swathinge de medietate Manerii de Swathinge 
cum warrenna cum omnibus pertinentus, 
&c. et quemdam Sewallum Dapiferum ante^ 
cessorem Willelmi de Gumay de alia me- 
dietate ejusdem Manerii, &c de quo Idem 
Johannes qui modo queritur eandem medi- 
etatem cum pertinentiis, &c. perquisivit. Unde 
dicit quod ratione medietatis Manerii, &c. tarn 
ipse quam omnes anteceasores sui a tempore 
quo non extat memoria in una medietate et alia 
fugavit lepores et cuniculos pro voluntate, ^irc 
cepit et asportavit sicut ei bene licuit Et quod 
ita sit ponit se super patriam, &c. Et piie- 
dictus Johannes dicit quod predictus Willelmus 
nee antecessores sui ratione medietatis, &c. vd 
alterius tenementi, &c. in predicta -villa de Swu*- 



*PP. LXli.] PLEA RESLPECTING GAME AT SWATHING. 



349 



thing aliquam^warreimam tempdribus retroiactU 
habuerit, nee idem Willelmus habere debet, &c* 
aed dicit quod idem Willehnus de injuria sua 
propria liberam warrennam suam, &c. intravit 
et in ea, &c. fugavit et lepores, et cuniculos, et 
perdioes ut predictum est cepit, &c. Et hoc 
petit quod inquiratur per patriam, &c. £t pre- 
dictus Johannes similiter. Immo veniant inde 
Jurati coram Rege a die Sancti Michaelis in 
tres septimanas ubicunque, &c. et qui nee, &e. 
quia tam', &e. 

We have to observe upon this suit that the 
patt which refers to Lewis de Gurpay should 
be thus translated, beginning << dicit enim" — > 
^ For he says, that one Lewis de Gumay at 
the time of the conquest (t. e, at a remote 
period, or time out of mind) held the manor of 
Swathings entirely warren ; which Lewis en- 
feoffed Arnold de Swathing, the predecessor 
of William de Swathing before mentioned, of 
half the manor of Swathing, with the warren 
and ail its appurtenances, and one Sewall the 
sewer, predecessor (t . e, in the possession of the 
manor) of William de Gumay, in the moiety of 
the same manor ; of whom, (t. e. of William 
de Gumay) this same John, who now demands 
the same moiety, with the appurtenances, pur- 
chased it, &e. 

Antecessor in these pleas generally means 
predecessor in possession, not ancestor in blood. 
Antecessor has this meaning in Domesday 
Book very often.* 

The William de Gumay, of whom John 
purchased, was his brother, of whom we have 
teen he bought all his Norfolk manors. 

After all nothing can be so loose as the facts 
stated in these pleas, except such as were imme- 
diately known at the period when they took 
place. The only Lewis de Gumey known of 

^ Bnuly'B Introdnction to Old Engikh Histoiy. — 
Qlomry, p. 18. 



was the one living in the reign of H^ry IL, 
Richard I., and John. 

Perhaps the moiety of the manor said to 
have been given to Sewall the dapifer, may 
have reference to Hugh de Goumay's gift of 
Swathings to the family of Le Bourguignon^ 
who were amongst his liegemen. 

No. 4. 

In the 9th Edw. U. (1315) a fine was levied 
between John de Gumey, parson of Harpele 
church, querent, Hugh, parson of Little 
Massingham, and Stephen de Estle (his tnis-» 
tees), deforciants, of this manor and advowson, 
with messuages and lands in Gaywood and 
Wicton, whereby they were settled on them* 
selves for life, remainder to John son of Ejithaf 
rine de Gumay, in tail, to William and Ed-» 
mund, the brothers of John, in taiLf 

Fines, Edw. U. L. 8, n. 20« 

No. 5. 

It appears by a deed dated at Harpele the 
Sunday before the Circumcision, in the Idth 
year of king Edward the Second, that sir John 
de Gumey was rector of Harpele ; for then 
Gilbert de Upegate de Harpele released two 
pence rent to him out of lands at Rllough and 
Freehowes in this town, to which deed sir John 
de Thorp and sir Walter de Calthorpe, knights, 
Ralf Walsingham, Walter de Melford, William 
de Upegate, Walter Davey, and SinK>n Hovet 
are witnesses. { 

Inter cartas Rogeri Potts, bar. 1706, 

No. 6. 

Sciant, &c quod ego Willelmus filius Ro< 
berti de Melefford concessi Domino meo. 

t From Addit. MSS. Brit Mus. No. 8841, fol. 108, 
&c. Haiplej. 

t Haipley Rectory, 18 Edw. II. 1819. ibid. 



850 



JOHN DB GOURNAY II. 



[part II. 



Domino Joliaimi de Grorney Rectori Ecclesie 
de Harple et heredibus, &e. unum messuaghim 
meum quod vocatar Uphalk et omnia bomagia 
et serrida liberorom tenentiom meonmi una 
cum yisu franci plegii, libero tanroi et libero 
aproy et perquisitis Guriarum, cum aliis liberta- 
tibus, que quondam fVierunt Radulfi filii Walteri 
de Maneys cum pertinentiis in Harplee, cum 
Wardis, releviis, &c. Concessi etiam ddem 
Domino Jobanni quod omnia tenementa que 
Mariona que fiiit uxor Walteri le Maneys tenet 
ad terminum vite Bue de jure et bereditate mea 
et omnia tenementa que dominus Henricus de 
Walpole miles, Galfridus filius Asceline de 
Harplee, et Tbomag Elwyn de Howton tenent 
ex dimissione predicte Marione ad terminum 
vite ejusdem Marione in Harplee et alibi, et 
que post mortem eju&dem Marione mibi et 
beredibus meis reverti deberunt post mortem 
predicte Marione, predicto domino Jobanni si 
tunc temporis fuerit superstes integre remaneat, 
reddendo annuatim unum clovum gariofili, &c. 
In cujus, &c. His testibus, Domino Henrico 
de Walpole milite, Thoma de Feltham, £d- 
mundo Laurent, OliTmo de Massingbam, Ra- 
dulfo de Walsingbam, Willelmo de Harplee, 
&c. Datum apud Harplee 2&' Novr. anno regni 
Regis Edwardi filii RegU Edwardi 18^(1324)* 
£x autogr. penes Petr. Le Neve, 

No. 7, 

Sciant, &c. quod ego Johannes de Gumay, 
rector Ecclesie de Harpelce, concessi Jobanni 
de Gumay nepoti meo, Jobanne uxori sue, et 
Jobanni filio eorum et beredibus ipsius Jobannis 
unum messuagium meum vocatum UpbaUe et 
omnia bomagia et serritia liberorum tenentium 
meorum, una cum visu franci plegii, libero tauro, 
et libero apro, placitis et perquisitis curiarum et 

♦ Add. MSS. Brit Mm. No. 8841. 



omnibus aliis libertatibiiB, &c. que quondam 
Radulfiis filius Walteri de Manors cum perti- 
nentiis in Harple cum wardis, releviis, &e. 
Concessi etiam eisdem Jobanni, &c omnia et 
singula tenementa quie Mariota quaa fuit uxor 
Walteri le Manors tenet ad terminum yite sue 
de jure et bereditarie, et omnia tenementa que 
Dominus Henrious de Walpole miles, Cralfridua 
filius Asceline de Harple, et Tbomas Elewyn 
de Howton, tenent ex dimissione predicte Ma- 
riote ad terminum vite predicte Mariote- com 
pertinentiis in Harple, et alibi, &c. In cujus, &c* 
His testibus Domino Henrico de Walpole, Tboma 
de Feldbam, Edmundo filio Willelmi, Radullb de 
Walsingbam, Willelmo de Upgate, Jacobo de 
Depedale, Godefrido filio A seline, et aliis. Datum 
apud Harple die Lune in festo Sancti Tbome 
Apostoli, anno Regni Regis Edwardi tertii 
sexto.f 

Ex autogr. penes P. Le Neve, Norroy. 

Of tbe feudal rights mentioned in these two 
charters (6 and 7), mew of frank pledge^ or 
court leet, is held once a year within any parti- 
cular lordship for tbe preservation of the peace, 
origmally to view tbe frank pledges orfreemen* 
who were mutually pledges for the good con- 
duct of each other. :t 

Ward was the wardship of minors, whereby 
tbe custody of their body and lands accrued 
to tbe lord, until they came of age, without any 
account of profits. § 

Relief ifdA the fine paid to the lord for tak* 
ing up an estate lapsed or fallen by death. || 

Eecheat was where the land reverted to the 
lord from want of heir of the tenant, or from 
corruption of blood by treason or felony, f 

t Uphall mbxC in Harple, 6 Edw. HI. 1331. ibid. 
X Blaokfltone, Com. Book IV. chi^. 19, tec. 10. 
§ Ibid. Book II. obap. 5, see. 4. 
II Ibid. Book II. chap. 4. 
f Ibid. Book II. ckH». 5. 



351 



JOHN DJS GURNAY IIL 

Son of William, is he on whom, and his wife Jane, his uncle John de 
Gumey, rector and patron of Harpley, settled lands in that place, &c. the 
9th of Edward II. and 6th of Edward IIL hy which settlements we find he 
had two brothers, William and Edmund, of whom nothing further is 
known (Appendix LXIL No, 5 and 7). 

In 1S32 he presented Thomas Spendlove to the living 
of Harpley,* 

He married Jane daughter of Edmund De Lexham, 
who, in the J 7th Edward IL 1324, settled upon him- 
self for life, remainder to John son of Katherine de 
Goumey and Jane his wife in tail, six messuages with 
lands in the Lexhams.^ 

The De Lexhams were possessed of the manors of East Lexham and Nor- 
ton, near Fakenham, as early as the reign of Richard L Their arms 
were. Gules, a swan argent, membered and beaked gules."^ 

Richard db Lsxham, 8 Rio. 1. 1197. 




John db Lexham.:?: 

Edmund db Lexham, Lord of Norton, Edw. 1. 1278.=p 

John de Lexham, 26 Edw. L 1298.^...^.. 

Matilda.^Edmund de Lexham. 

John db Oornat.=Jane. N. N.=p(probablj) Osbe&t de Mundeford, who 

inherited the manora oC the Leyhami, 

Edmund Gumey, grandson of this John, held lands and a fold course in 
Newton, the next parish to Lexham, which he probahly inherited from the 
De Lexhams.^ 

* Blomefield, in Harpley. ^ Blomefield, in Lexham. 

c Ancient MS. of Anns, lately the Rev. T. Talbot's, 
d Blomefield, in Newton by Castle Acre. 



352 



JOHN DE GOU&NAT III. 



[part ir. 




POBCK, HAJLPLET CHCBCH. 



The present church at Harpley was built about the period of this John 
de Goumay III. ; it is a fine specimen of what is now called the peqiendl- 
cular pointed architecture. It is said to hare been erected by Sir Robot : 
Knowles, celebrated in the wars of Edward III. and in the aaafltmce he* 
rendered in the suppression of Wat Tyler's rebellion under Bichaid IL 
He acquired great wealth, and died at his manor of Sculthorpe, in Nor- 
folk, in 1407, having endowed many religious foundations. He 
governor of the town of Gk)umay during some of Edward III.*8 
r^ampaigns.* John Knowles, brother of Sir Robert, and prior of Gozfoid, 
in Norfolk, was rector of Harpley in 1374. 

The Gumeys, I doubt not, contributed lai^ly to the building of Haip- 
ley church. It seems likely that John de Gumay, the priest and rector, 
wa« the original promoter of the building, which would be some years in 
completion. The arms of John Drew, rector of Harpley in 1389, occur on 
the fneze outside. 



* M. De Lt Mairie, Hist de Gouraay. 




HARPLBT CHURCH, NORFOLK. 



A.D. 1332.] 



CHURCH AT HARP|:.BT, 



359 




■irTBAlf CS DOOR. 



On the battlements of the frieze, over the south aisle of Harpley Chnrch, 
are the anns of the Black Prince, of the wife of Sir Robert Knowles, of 
Gumey, and many others. 

A fess dancett^ between three roses. (Wife of Knowles.) 

An engrailed cross. (Gumey.) 

A gridiron. (St. Lawrence, to whom the church is dedicated.) 

A fess between three roses. 

On. a cbevron three roses. (Drew.) 

Chequy. (Warren.) 

A shield quarterly, with a bendlet. (Bokenham r) 

A cross lozengy. (Fotheringay ?) 

A fess between two chevronels. (Fitzwalter or Walpole.) 

Three chevronels. (Clare.) 

Three cinqfoils. (Bardolf.) 

A fess engrailed between three Catharine wheels. 

A fess between three mullets. 



354 



JOHN DB GOURNAY III. 



[part II. 



Three ostrich feathers. (Edward the Black Prince.) 

A shield gyronny of twelve. (Bassingboume.) 

A bend between six cross crosslets. (Howard.) 

A fess between three cross crosslets. (Beauchamp or St. Omer.) 

Six escallop shells. ^Scales.) 

Gyronny of eight pieces. 

A shield paly, on a canton sinister a lion passant gardant. 

Chequy, on a crescent fesswise three cinqfoils. (De Bumham or Fltz 
PhiUp.) 

Chequy, a fess ermine. (Calthorpe.) 

A plain cross. (St. George, or the priory of Norwich.) 

The present structure of Harpley church is of later date than the marble 
slab monument of John de Gumay. The font is of Norman architecture. 




FONT, HARPLET CHURCH. 



There is at this time but one coat of arms remaining in the glass at 
Harpley church, that of Sir Simon de Noiers, a knight whose name 
appears in Edward III.'s list of Norfolk knights ; he bore, Vairy argent 
and gules ;^ it is in one of the windows of the chancel. But in Mr. Norris's 
time there was also— Gumey, Argent, a cross engrailed gules ; and Bassing* 
bourne, G3rrony of eight, or and azure.^ 



Antiquarian Repertory. 
^ Norris MSS. Church Collections in Harpley. 



Irkze on the Soutk Isle 
in ihe Cbnn^ 
Ih^v^ amis Baldemenb,bro ShieUs' upm eack^thme^ieik7 








.■.■■V^ 

^ 


f 1 


^iii?ifiiliJ^ 


J / 




rdi of Hatpley^ 






A.D. 1332.] 



CHURCH AT HARPLEY, 



355 




bAJUUjU UJULXA^ 




BASSINGBOURNB. 



There is also a fine oak roof to the church with a deep cornice, in which, 
at intervals, are cherubs, some holding shields, argent, charged with across 
engrailed gules. 







At the north side of the chancel is a ruined sacristy. The cemetery of 
the early lords of this manor was, probably, the chantry at the east end of 
the south isle, but the tomb of John de Goumay is in the chancel ; and 
Thomas de Goumay, in 1468, directed by his will that if he died at 
Harpley he should be buried in the cliancel of the church of St. Lawrence 
there. 

3 a 



356 



JOHN DE GOURNEY IV. 

Son and heir of John de Gumey and Joan his wife, occurs in the deed 
of John, rector and patron of Harpley, 6th Edward III. (1331).* 

In 1 332, either he or his father presented to the church of Harpley ; but 
more probably this John de Gumey, as he is called John de Gumey 
junior.** 

It was this John de Gurney who was Lord of Harpley, and held his court 
there on Friday the vigil of St. Laurence, 28th Edward III. (1354).*^ 



a Addit MSS. Mu8. Brit No. 8,841, fol. 112, in Harpley. App. LXII. No. 7. 
^ Blomefieldy in Harpley, vol. viii. 455, MSS. ut supra. 



b Ibid. 




SOUTH SIDE OF CHANCEL, HARPLEY CHURCH. 




PISCINA AND SEDILIA — CHANCEL, HABPLEY CHURCH. 




DOORWAY AND MURAL MON UM BNT>-^U A NCE L, HABPLEY CHURCH. 



r.^ 



357 



EDMUND DE GURNEY, 

Son and heir of the before mentioned John de Gourney IV.* kept his 
first court at Harpley in 1 354, on Thursday next before the feast of the 
conversion of St. Paul, and in the 34th year of Edward III. (1360) pre- 
sented Hugh de Wauncy to the living of Harpley.^ 

He married Katharine, daughter of " William de Wauncye, chevallier,'* 
who granted to them both and their heirs a present yearly, and all rents 
of 100 marks, to be levied out of his manors of West Barsham and Denver, 
with a clause of distress in every part of each for default of payment, 
dated 31 Edward III. (1357).^ " The said deed of Wauncy, sealed with a 
splayed Falcon on a scutcheon."^ (App. LXIII. No. 7). 

In the 41st of Edward III. (1367) a fine was levied between Edmund de 
Gumey and Katharine his wife, querents, and Thomas de Beeston, trustees, 
&c. defendants, of the moiety of the manor of West Barsham, settied on 
Edmund and Katharine in tail.® This Katharine was sister and eventually 
heir of Sir Edmund de Wauncy, who was Lord of West Barsham, 30 
Edward III. (1356), who died in 1372, leaving by Joan his wife Edmund 
his son and heir, aged seven years. This child died soon after ; and on his 
death the lordship of West Barsham came to Edmund de Gurney, in right 
of his wife, daughter of Sir William, and sister and heir of Sir Edmund de 
Wauncy.^ An indenture of lease was made between Edmund de Gurney, 
lord of the manor of West Barsham, and one Henry Woodward, for 180 
years, dated at West Barsham the Sunday next after the feast of St. 
Petronilla the Virgin, in the 51st year of Edward III. His seal, the cross 
engrailed. (App. LXIII. No. ?)• 



• Norris MSS. Collection. Spelinan MSS. ^ Blomefield, in Harpley. 

c Norris MSS. ; Church Collections, West Barsham, p. 384. 

d Spelman MSS. Gumey Pedigree. « Blomefield, in West Barsham, voL vii. 42. ' Ihid. 



358 EDMUND DB GURNET. [PART II. 

This Edmund de Gumey was a lawyer^ and, as it seems, of eminence. 
In the close and patent rolls are many notices of him. 

Edmund de Gumey granted to John de Merworthe, knight, annually 
for his life £20, issuing out of all Goumey*s lands, &c. in Norfolk and 
Suflfblk, 36 Edward III.* 

Edmund de Goumey was one of the justices named in a special com- 
mission for trying offenders who had made a forcible entry upon the 
manor of Munden (Suffolk), belonging to Hugh de Hastings, by patent 
roll dated Westminster, 10th October, 40 Edward HI.** 

Edmund de Gumey was a special commissioner for inquiring into 
nuisances and trespasses committed upon Queen Philippa*s manor of 
Fakenham, by patent roll tested at Westminster 19 May, 41 Edward in.* 
In 41 Edward III., 1367* he, together with Edmund de Qipesby and 
Sir Roger de Felbrigg, were arbitrators to settle the differences and dis- 
putes between the prior of Norwich and the prioress of Carrow;* and 
these two, Clipesby and Gumey, were the standing council for the city of 
Norwich, in the nature of recorder and steward. Mr. Norris conjectures 
that his house in Norwich was Gumey^s Place in St. Julian's parish, in a 
window of which house Mr. Kirkpatrick saw his arms 
impaling one of the coats of de Wauncy," Gules, 3 
dexter hand gloves pointed downwards argent. This 
coat is now to be seen in a window of Denton church 
in Norfolk. 

We cannot find what precise legal office Edmund 
de Goumey and Edmund de Clipesby held at Nor- 
wich. Blomefield does not state whether any law officers are mentioned in 
the ancient charters of the city or not. The earliest notice of a recorder or 
steward of Norwich is in the 2 Henry V., 1412, when an agreement was 
entered into by the mayor, sheriffs, and commonalty to put an end to iheir 
disputes on certain terms, and " the Recorder or Deputy" is named.' 

■ Cl. m. 22 dors. ^ Pat. 40 Edward III. p. 2, m. 25 dors. 

^ Pat p. 1, m. 20 dors. ^ Rot. de Carrow, 41 Edward III. in Norris MSS. 

' Norris MSS. Miscel. Papers, and Gumey Pedigree in Tunstead hundred. 

' Blomefield, in Norwich. 




A.D. 1367-] GURNET FAMILY IN NORWICH. 359 

This is the first member of the Gumey family of whose coimection with 
Norwich any record remains. His descendants in the West Barsham 
line, which manor continued in the family until 1660, had, like most of the 
Norfolk gentry, a house in that city. 

Henry Gumey of Norwich died intestate in 1443. Thomas Gurney^ of 
West Barsham, who died in 1471^ mentions in his will his house in St. 
Gr^ory's parish.* William Gumey, who died in 1508, had a house in 
Pockthorpe, a part of Norwich.*' Anthony Gurney, who died in 1556, 
possessed Gumey*s Place, in St. Julian's parish, before mentioned.^ 

Younger branches of the family settled at Norwich. 

Dorothy Gumey, sister of Edward Gumey, Esq. of West Barsham, was of 
St. George's, Tombland, in 1641. Thomas Gumey buried his wife in the 
cathedral sometime before 1660. John Gumey, ancestor of the present 
family, was of the parish of St. Gregory, in 1690 ; his children were settled 
in St. Augustin's parish, and his descendants continue to hold property in 
Norwich and its neighbourhood. 

Edmund de Gumey frequently occurs in the ancient records. In 1369, 
a fine was levied between him and Edmund de Clipesby, querents, and 
Thomas Eustace, of Felmingham, defendants, of the third part, of certain 
lands, &c. in Stalham, Scrouteby, Clipesby, Burgh in Flegg, Martham, 
and Bastwick, which Agnes, who had been the wife of John in the Willows, 
holds for her life, the right of Edmund Gumey.** In 1369, 43 Edw. III. the 
manor of Swathings, in Hardingham, was granted to Sir Hamon Felton, 
knt. for life ; in remainder to Edmund Gumey and Katharine his wife, and 
John their son in tail.® 

The same year, Edmund de Gourneye was ordered to inquire into the 
circumstances attending the plundering of the "Seinte Marie,** Jacob 
Henryson, master, in Kirkley Roads. Westminster, 12 May.' 



• Register Jekkys, 211 B. Norris MSS. 

^ Dodsworth MS. ^ Noma MSS. Tunstead, p. 64. 

«* Fine Norff. 43 Edward III. Norris MSS. * Blomefield, in Hardingham. 

' Pat. 43 Edward III. p. 2, m. 44 dors. 



360 EDMUND DE GURNET. [PART II. 

Edmund de Goumey was one of the justices of the peace (but not of 
the quorum) for Norfolk, 10th Nov. 44 Edw. III.* The quorum justices 
were Roger de Meres and John de Fencotes. 

The same year, Edmund de Goumey was to mquire into the ward- 
ships, escheats, forfeitures, &c. concealed from the crown.^ 

In 1370, he was one of the commissioners appointed to settle the dispute 
between the inhabitants of Yarmouth and those of Leystoft, about annex- 
ing Kirkley Road to the haven of Great Yarmouth.*^ 

The dispute in question originated in including Kirkley Road within 
the limits of the port of Great Yarmouth, where many ships were at that 
time obliged to unload, from the haven at Yarmouth being choked up. 
After a suit of six years and great opposition, the inhabitants of Yarmouth 
succeeded, as appears by a charter of Edw. III. for the union of the two 
ports, in the 4th year of his reign, 1370.** 

In 1370 and 1374 Edmund de Gumey was at hynn, and, with other 
justices of the peace, held the sessions or gaol deUvery there, as appears 
by entries in the chamberlain^s account rolls in the possession of the Lynn 
corporation. See App. LXIV. 

In two fines he seems to have been a trustee for Clipesby ; in 1373, 
he presented, as feoflFee in trust with others, to the church of Ryburgh 
Magna.* The same year he occurs as witness to a license granted by 
William de Bardolf to the prior and convent of Norwich, to take in mort- 
main certain lands and tenements holden of him. The Lord Morley, the 
Lord Scales, and divers knights, &c. were witnesses along with him/ 

Alienation of lands by mortmain is to any corporation, ecclesiastical or 
temporal. From the constitutions of Clarendon, in the reign of Henry 
II. to the time of Henry VIII. the statute book is full of enactments to 
check gifts by mortmain ; which the clergy were constantly endeavouring 



» Pat. 44 Edw. III. p. 1, m. 86 d. b Pat. p. 3, m. 6 d. 

*^ Swinden*8 Histon- of Yarmouth. ** Blomefield, in Yarmouth. 

« Inst. lib. fol. 19, Norris MSS. 

f Reg. 1 Mun. Pr. et Con. penes Dec. et Cap. fol. 249 A, Norris MSS, 



A.D. 1373.] THE " SEINTE MARIE*' OF YARMOUTH. 361 

to evade. The license necessary for this process originated in the feudal 
restraints over the alienation of lands ; and by statute 34 Edw. I. chap. 3, 
the king's license was not e£fectual without the consent of the mesne lord, 
of which the present license of William Bardolf is an instance." 

The 47th Edw. III. 1373, Edmund Goumey was a commissioner to 
inquire into the damages alleged to have been sustained by Hugh de 
Fastolf, whose vessel the ** Seinte Marie " of Yarmouth, freighted with 
wines from Gascony, and cast upon the shore nigh Kirkley Road, had 
been unjustly seized as a wreck. Dated Westminster, 20 Feb. 

In 1374 a fine was levied between Edmund Gumey and others, querents, 
and Sir WiUiam Morley, knt. defendant, of the manor of Hingham, the 
hundred of Forehowe, and the advowson of the church of Hingham, in 
Norfolk, the right of Edmund Gumey, who granted to Sir William Morley 
for life ; John Harling held the hundred for life, with remainder to 
Thomas son of William Morley^ for life, and to Joan his wife for life.*^ 

The lordship of all the hundreds was originally in the king, and the 
sheriff of the county had charge of them. Matters spiritual as well as 
temporal were tried in the hundred courts before the reign of William the 
Conqueror; the archdeacon or rural dean presiding with the sheriffs. 
Many hundreds were at different times granted away to subjects. The 
fees of court-rents and payments from manors constituted the profits of 
the hundred, which in some instances rose to a large amount. The half 
hundred of Luddingland, in Suffolk, 34 Edw. I., was valued at 100 marks 
per annum ;^ by the 2 Edw. III. chap. 12, the grants of hundreds to indivi- 
duals were prevented for the futiu*e.® 

The same year Edmund Gumey presented as a feoffee with others to the 
church of Wood Norton/ 



* Biackstone's Commentaries, book ii. chap. 18. 

^ See Blomefield, vol. ii. p. 486, where he considers this Joan, wife of Thomas Morley, was 
a Goumay. <^ Fine Norff. 48 Edward III. Norris MSS, 

d Rymer's Foedera, vol. ii. p. 1030. e Norris MSS. East Flegg, p. 2. 

' Inst. fol. 30, Vh, 6 ; Norris MSS. 



362 



EDMUND DE GURNET. 



[part II. 



In 1375 he was a legatee of John Leeche of E^mere, parson of Mas- 
singham Magna/ 

The same year he presented to the church of Garboldisham.^ 

The 49 Edw. III. (1375), Edmund Goumeye was one of the special 
commissioners for trying the offenders who seized two boats or barges 
laden with com belonging to Sir Hugh Bumell and Sir William Kerdesdcn 
at East Rlston, dated in April.^ 

The 49 Edward III., Edmund Gumey was in the commission of the 
peace for Norfolk. Westminster, 4 February ; the other justices being 
Willelmus de Ufford, Earl of Suffolk, Willelmus Bardolf de Wirm^ay, 
Robertus de Morle, Johannes de Cavendish, Willelmus de Wychingham, 
Robertus Howard, Johannes Holt, Johannes Harlyng, Willelmus Qere, 
Reginaldus de Eccles, Johannes de Holkham.^ 

Edmund Goumey was in the special commission issued for the trial of 
offenders who had made a forcible entry upon the manor of Stratton 
belonging to Philippa widow of Guy de Beauchamp. Westminster, 28th 
February.* 

Edmundus de Goumay was one of the commissioners for inquiring into 
frauds in relation to the collection of the customs. Westminster, 15th 
February.' 

Edmundus de Goumaye was one of the justices appointed to try the 
prior of Wyndham and his men, who are chained with having made a for- 
cible entry on the lands of John de Clinton, at Windham, Hilburworth, 
Babyngle, Topcroft. Westminster, 8 July.' 

In 1 876 he and Edmund de Clipesby granted to Simon, parson of St. 
Mary-in-the-Marsh in Norwich, and Richard de Morley, chaplain, custos 
or wanhui of the Charnel-house there, all their right, &c. in certain lands, 
Hiul a fold-course in a hamlet of Melton Magna, called Asegeres Thorpe, 



• HiiK. lloydon. fol llS; Noma MS& 
' n. 4U Kilwnrtl 111. m 37(1 
M Pill. 4M Kdwunl IlLiiudrd. 
K VtkU M) Kdwnnl 111. |i. I. m. 7, 



Blom^eld. 

^ Pat. 49 £dw. lU. m. 32 d. 

f Fkt. 50 Edwaid UL p. 9, m. 87. 



A.D. 1387.] HIS WILL, 363 

which they had of the gift of John Hacon of Melton Magna aforesaid. 
Dated 50 Ed. ni/ 

In 1 380 he presented as a feoffee to the church of Sculthorpe.^ 
In 1381 he presented alone in his own right to Thuxton.^ 
In 1 385 he was a legatee in the will of Sir John Howard^ knt.^ 
In 1386 he presented as a feoffee to the church of Oxburgh.* 
Edmund Gumey died in 1387 ; his will is dated at West Barsham, on 
Thursday the feast of the Ascension of our Lord in that year. He be- 
queathed his body to be buried in the ch\u*ch of the Assumption of the 
blessed Virgin in that town, and 81. to be distributed to the poor on his 
burial day. Katharine his wife to have all her dower, and all his utensils 
in the house, and her part of all his other goods ; appoints Osbert de Mun* 
deford and Thomas Kemp his executors. Witnesses, William de Mildenhall, 
Vicar of West Barsham, Nicholas de Barsham, &c. The will was proved 
the same year.' (Appendix LXV.) 

This will is given in Blomefield ; but in the time of Mr. Norris the part 
of the register which contained it was utterly rotted and destroyed/ 
By his wife, Katharine de Waimcy, he had issue — 
John, his eldest son, who succeeded him ; and a second son, whom we 
beHeve was named Robert ; also a daughter Jeanne, married to Osbert 
Mundeford of Hockwold, Esq. who was one of the executors of his will.** 

Edmimd Gumey was a benefactor to West Dereham Abbey.* He also, 
with others, gave lands in Ryburgh to the priory at Walsingham.^ 



' Carta inter Mun. Dec. et Cap. Norw. capsula quinta, Norris MSS. 

^ Inst, liber vL fol. 70. Norris MS. ^ iti^. fol. 73. Norris MSS. 

* Blomefield. e Inst. Hber vu fol. 115. Norris MSS. 

' Reg. Harsyke, fol. 34, m the Bishop's office at Norwich. 

« Blomefield m West Barsham, vol. vii. p. 42. ^ Pedigree by Cook, Clarenceux, 1622. 

" Taylor's Index Monasticus. 

► Dugdale's^Mon. vol. vL p. 74. 



3 B 



364 



BDMUND DB GURNBT. 



[part n. 



APPENDIX LXm. 



ON THE FAMILY OF DE WAUNCY. 



The ancient family of Waunci or Wauncy is 
undoubtedly of Norman origin. M. de la 
Mairie,* the historian of Goumay, thinks it 
likely they came from Wanchy or Vancy, a 
place near Neufchatel, in Normandy, in the 
department of the Seine Inf6rieure. This 
family was seated at West Barsham in Norfolk 
at Ae time of the Survey, when Hugo de 
Wanci held that manor under the Earl Warren, 
at which period it contained 4 carucates of land 
in demesne, and 5 amongst the men, &c. ; 3 
acres of meadow, 4 mills, &c. ; 6 socmen had 
half a carucate, and 3 bordarers with 2 caru- 
cates, and a church endowed with 100 acres of 
land.f The De Wauncys also held a manor in 
Denver, with lands in that neighbourhood, and 
the manor of Depeden in Suffolk. 

In the year 1085 Hugh de Wanci witnessed 
the deed of William first Earl of Warren and 
Surrey, by which he gave churches and lands 
to Castle- Acre Priory.J Hugh de Wanci oc- 
curs also in the deed of William second Earl of 
Warren and Surrey, to Ae same foundation, 
not merely as a witness, but also as giving 
churches himself. The passage is as follows : 

" Hugo quoque de Wanci dedit ecclesiam de 
Depeden et terram que ad eam pertinet et de- 
cimam ejusdem manerii. Ecclesiam de Bar- 
sham cum terra ad eam pertinente, et decimam 

* Supplement, p. 60. 

t Domeadaj, toL ii. p. 16S. Blomefield in West 
Banham, toI. vii. p. 42. 

X Dngdale^ Monast new edit. toI. t. p. 49. 



manerii et tres socmannos ejusdem manerii; 
unum molendinum ad Illandam. Onmes qnoqne 
homines sui francigene decimas suas dederonft, 
scilicet, WlUelmus Talebot, Osbemus de De* 
novella, Radulfus de Wanci, EuremundoSy Rap 
dulfus Crispus, Goscelenus, Waleranus, Lect- 
merus, Brungarus."§ In a second charter of 
the same Earl, confirming former g^ifts to 
Castle- Acre, is a recitation of the above, with 
this addition — *^ Et post obitum ipsius (Hugtmit 
de Wanci) Radulfus filius ejus dedit molen- 
dinum de ponte de Barsham et 3 cotarioB et 
60 acras brueriarum et tres socmannos ejusdem 
manerii qui manent apud Snaringas. Omnes 
quoque francigene sui decimas suas dedemnt. 
Hec omnia Radulfus et Rogerus filii ejus 
posuenmt super altare S. Marie. Teste Ro- 
gero dapifero, Petro Chanewicta, Ricardo de 
Sancto Claro, Radulfo fiho Hachene, Herelwino 
de Paneworde, Gaufrido de Favarces, Willelmo 
filio Lesteini.*'|| 

Ralf de Wanci seems also to have had 
another son, besides the Ralf and Roger men- 
tioned in the charter, namely Hugh, who was 
his heir, and therefore doubtless the eldest of 
the three, who by deed sans date granted to 
Castle- Acre Priory his land of West Barsham, 
as Esmod or Osmod, his aunt, had granted it. 
She was married to Philip de Vealtre, and had 
given it to Castle- Acre ; but Hugh had entered 
on it, and now granted it for the soul of Ralf 

§ Dogdale"^ Monast. new edit. toI. t. p. 50. Q Ibid. 



APP. LXIIl.] 



FAJdXLT OP DE WAUNCY. 






his fiither, and Osmod liis luint, the convent 
ghiog him five marks, and two to his wife, on 
hk quitting claim to all the cattle, which he 
took from the aforesaid land, valued at four 
marks, which Osmod his aunt had left for her 
soul, &C. Witnesses, Hugh de Goumay, Roger 
de Stoatville, &c.* Walter de Waunci con- 
firmed this gift of his father, and is probably 
the same Walter who was summoned, the 26 
Edw. I., 1297, to perform military service 
against the Scots: muster at Newcastle-upon- 
lynct on the feast of St. Nicholas, 6 Dec. But 
Sir William de Waunci was the son and heir 
of Sir Hugh, and was living in the time of 
Henry III. in which reign he is enrolled among 
the Suffolk knights.^ By a writ dated at West- 
minster, 30 Aug. 1293, Sir William de Waunci 
is enjoined to repair with horses and arms to a 
station on the sea-shore, either in Norfolk or 
Suffolk,§ for the defence there against the 
French, and to enforce the same service from 
his tenants. Also to appear with horses and 
arms before Edward the king's son, and lieute- 
nant in England, at Rochester, on Sunday the 
Nativity of the Virgin, 8 September, 1297.|| 

In 1298 Dominus William de Wauncy was 
returned knight of the shire for Norfolk, to 
the Parliament summoned to meet at York, 
Whitsuntide, 5 May (temp. Edward I.)^ This 
we take to be the son of the first William de 
Wauncy, and the person to whom Giles de 
Waunci g^ranted the manors of West Barsham 
and Depeden for life, remainder to William, 
•on of Sir William, and his heirs, remainder to 

* Blomefield in Wegt Banham, quoting Reg. Castle 
Acre, fol. 37. 
t Parliamentary Writs, vol. i. p. 893. 
X Antiquarian Repertory, vol. i. p. 93. 
§ Parliamentary Writs, ibid. 
II Ibid. if Ibid. 



Walter, Edward, Thomas, Nichdaa, Robert 
and Hugh, sons of Sir William.** 

In the same rdgn (Edward I.) William de 
Wauncy had free warren in West Barsham.ff 

This William also was summoned in 1301, 
from the counties of Norfolk and Suffolk, to 
perform military service against the Scots : 
muster at Berwick-upon-Tweed, on the Nativity 
of Samt John the Baptist, 24th June.H 

The first year of Edward III. he held the 
eighth part of a fee in North Barsham of the 
honor of Clare ; the heiress Joanna being then 
wife of David de Strabolgi, Earl of Athol,§§ 
and probably died the same year. 

His son, the third William, was knight of 
the shire for Norfolk, 15 Edward HI. ; and the 
20th of the same Kmg (1347) held one fee at 
West Barsham, of the Earl of Warren.|||| 

Sir Edmund de Wauncy was lord of Depe- 
den and West Barsham the 30th of Edward III. 
He served in the wars in France, and had the 
royal protection, being in the king's service in 
Gascoine.HIT He died in 1372,* and was buried 
in St. Mary's church at Bury, leaving an only 
son Edmund, aged seven, who died soon after ; 
upon which the two sisters of Sir Edmund be- 
came his coheirs, — Katharine, married to Ed- 
mund de Gumey, and Johanna, wife of Sir 
Nicholas Damory, knight, who had for her por- 
tion Depeden in Suffolk, to the living of which, 
as the widow of Sir Nicholas, she presented in 
1397 ; but dying without issue, that manor, as 

** Blomefield in West Baraham. 
ft Rotuli Hundredorum, 621. 
tt Parliamentary Writs, ibid. 
§§ Calend. Inqoia. poat mortem, 1 Edw. HI. toL u. 
p. 6. 

III! Blomelleld in Wert Banham. 

^^ Rymer, vol. y. p. 849. 

* Weever'g Fun. Menu. p. 781. 



366 



BDMUND DB 6URNBY. 



[part. H. 



well as those of West Barsham and Denver in 
Norfolk, all of the inheritance of the De 
Wauncys, reverted to the Groumejrs. 

In a roll of arms of 



the reign of Edw. III. 
is ** M onsire Damnary 
porte, Und6 argent et 
gules de vi. peeces ;"♦ 
roll of Edward II. 
Sir Richard Ammori, 
Ounddede argent et de 




DAUMABT, Oa AMMOKI. goulcs." 




AMMOAI. 



" Sire Roger Ammori 
meisme les arms a une 
hende de sable/'f occur 
in the list of Oxford- 
shire knights. We 
presume these to be 
the same family as Sir 
Nicholas Damory, knt. 



Sir ^TiUiam de 
Wauney seals with a 
splayed falcon in a 
scutcheon ;| and the 
Gumeys in the armo- 
rial pedigree at Wal- 
singham always quar- 
ter for Wauncy,Gules, 
a displayed falcon ar- 
gent. In the windows 
church remain the 
arms of De Wauney, 
Gules, 8 dexter gloves 
pointing downwards, 
argent ; the gants, or 
gloves, being probably 
an heraldic pun on the 
name Gauncy or 
Wauney. 

In the list of Norfolk knights before alluded 
to, the arms of Sir William de Wanncy are 






given, as Gules, six dexter hands erect, 3, 2, 1 ; 
and in a roll of the time of Edward II.,§ in 
Suffolk, << Sire William de Wauney, De goules, a 
vi. gaunz de argent." Gules, 3 dexter gloves 

* RoU of Anns, pub. by Nicolas, page 39. 
t Ibid, of Edw. II. p. 28. 
$ Pub. by Nicolas, p. 42. 



argent, was impaled by Edmund Gumey in the 
window of the hall of Gumey's Place in 
Norwich. 

There were other branches of this family in 
different parts of England. 

t NorriB MSS. Church CoUect. Wwt Banbam. Sir 
Henry Spelman, Qiumey Pedigree, see p. 817. 



APP. LXIII.] 



FAMILY OP DB WAUNCY. 



36^ 



Robert de Wauncy witnessed King John's 
deed of the exchange of the Andeleys ; and, in 
the time of Henry III., Robert de Wauncy held 
the manors of Astwell and Fancote, in North- 
amptonshire.* It appears Sir Edmund de 
Wauncyf held these manors in the reign of 
Edward I. 

In the list of knights 
in Northamptonshire, 
in the time of Edward 
II., is "Sire Robert de 
Wauncy, De sable, a 
iii. gauns de argent." j: 
The same person, or 
at least a Robertus de 
Wauncy, died seized 
of the manor of Astwell, the 8th Edward II. § 
See Collectanea Topographica, vol. iv. p. 223, 
where is a deed of Robert, son and heir of 
Robert de Wauncy, concerning Morton Pinkney 
and Astwell, without date, but of the time of 
Edward II. or III. 

* Tetta de Neville. 

t Plftyfur*B English Baronetage, vol. vil. p. 685. 

I Nioolas*B Edit. p. 6e. 

§ Calend. Inquis. poet mortem, vol. i. p. 257. 





WAUNCT, AS QUAaTBRED 
BT BROKE. 



This branch of the 
Wauncys is repre- 
sented by the present 
Sir Arthur Broke, 
Bart, of Oakley, in 
that county, whose an- 
cestors quartered for 
de Wauncy, Gules, 
three falconer's gloves 
argent, tasseled or. 

Geo£fry de Wauncy held lands in Oxon 
and Wilts and other places in the reign of 
Edward I. ;|| and the d4th Henry III., Nicholas 
de Wauncy was sheriff f of Sussex and Surrey, 
in which counties he held lands.^* 

From the coats of de Wauncy being a falcon, 
and three falconer's gloves, I have thought it 
possible they were grand falconers to the Earls 
of Warren. The Grosyenors were the grand 
huntsmen, gro$ veneurt, to the Earls of 
Chester. 

II Abbrev. Rot. Orig. 13 Edw. I. Calend. Inquis. 
poet mortem 4 Edw. III. vol. ii. p. 34. TeeU de 
Neville, Oxon and Bucka. 

% Abbrev. Rot Orig. 34 Henry III. 

** Rot. Hundredorum com. Stusexi hund. de Schepe- 
lake, Edw. I. 




SEE PAGE 320. 



[pfiDioasx 



368 



EDMUND DE 6URNEY. 



[part II. 



PEDIGREE OF DE WAUNCY. 

Hugo db Waunct, held West Barsham at the Survey, witneaaed the lat Earl of Wanoi' 
charter to Castle- Acre 1085 ; gate the churches and tithes of Depeden and West Barsham 
to Castle- Acre in the time of the 2nd Earl Warren. 



Vpf.N. 

5 



Ralf DE Waunci, before 1138 confirmed his father'ft gifts^N. N. 
to Castle-Acre, ho being dead, and gave gifts himself. 

I 1 1 

Roger, who placed on Ralf. Sir Hugh de Waunci, Lord of=T=N. N. 
the altar of St. Mary West Barsham and Depeden, 

at Castle-Acre their confirmed to Castle-Acre tlie 

father*s gifts. gifts of Ralf his fiither and Os- 

mud his aunt. 



OsMUD, mar. Philip de Vealtre, and ga^t 
at West Barsham to Castle- Acre Prioiy, 



Robert db Wanci, wlio wit-^, 
nesscd King Johnls deed in Nor- 
mandy, Lord of AftweUand Faa- 
cote in Northamptonihlre, temp. 
Henry XXL and Edw. I. 



Nicholas, mar. Alice Danmartin, Sir William de Waunci, Iiord of Westj^N. N. 

15thEd. I. (Blomefield7, p. 255). Barsham and Depeden, living temp. 

Walter, confirmed his father *s gift Henry IXI. ; summoned to do service 

to Castle Acre. on the Coast, 21 Edw. I. 



BDMUIID db WAUMOMfx 

Lord of Aatwell and 
Fanoote, teiii|». Ed- 
ward L 



Giles de Wanci, gave to Sir 
William de Waunci I>epeden 
and West Barsham, remainder 
to his sons. 



Sir WiLUAM DE=pN, 
Waunci, Knight 
of the Shire for 
Norf. 26 Edw. L 



Walter, Clericus. 
Edward. 
Thomas. 
Nicholas. 



— r— I 

Robert, Clericus. 
Hugh, Rector of 
Harpley. 



T" 



N. Isabel, wife of Adam Waleis, Robert dbWaun-= 



or Wales, Esq. of Dalham. 
Emma, wife of Dopden. 



CI, seized of Ast- 
well manor 8 Ed- 
ward II. 



William de Waunct, of West Bar-=j=N. 
sham, and Depeden, Knight of the I 
shire for Norfolk 15 Edw. III. died | 
before 30 of the same, 1357. 



Johane, wife of Sir 
Nicholas Damory, 
Knt. s. p. 



Katharine, wife of Edmund de 6ur- 
ney, had issue, and carried the inherit- 
ance of the Wauncia to the Gumeys. 



-r 



Represented in the fiemale 
line by Sir Arthur Broke, 
Bart of Oakley in Nor- 
thamptonshire. 



Sir Edmund de Waunci, Lord of Depeden^JoAK 
and West Barsham 30th Edw. III. ; in the 
King^s wars in France; ob. 46 Edw. III. 



Edmund de Waunci, seven years old when his father died; died himself soon after. 



COPIES OP DEEDS OF THE FAMILY OF DE WAUNCY. 



No. 1. 
Fundatores Ecclesie de Castleacre. 

Dominus Hugo Vaunsy dedit ecclesiam et 
maneria de West Barsham.* 

No. 2. 

Hugo de Wancy concedit monachis de Acra 
xiii. acras de terra arabili simul in una cultura 
ante portam monachorum apud Barsham. f. 
38. 



• Harl. 970, p. 65. 



t Ibid. p. 61. 



No. 3. 

Hugo de Wancy concedit monachis de Acrm 
terram de Trichestan4 cum ecclesia ejusdem 
ville, sicut Osmud amita sua eandem terram 
ecclesie in elemosinam perpetuam dedit. Hanc 
donationem fecit pro anima Radulfi de Wancy 
patris sui, et pro anima ipsius Osmud amite 
sue. Testes, Hugo de Gornay, Reginaldus 
de Warren, Rogerus de Stuteville, Radulfiia 
de Roseto, &c. 38. 

X Threxton. 



APP. LXIII.] 



FAMILY OF DE WAUNCY. 



369 



No. 4. 

Walter de Wancy concedit monachis de Acra 
4 acras de terra arabili in campis de West Bar- 
sham, in cultura una apud Lusethom versus 
Meridiem. Concedit etiam eis ut in perpetuum 
habeant ix" oyes in eadem villa, et ut com- 
municent in tota communi pastura ejusdem 
ville et in tota pastura quam habuit in brueria 
versus Crece. Teste, Radulfo de Wancy, milite, 
&c38. 

No. 5. 

Gi/l of the Advowson and Lands at West 
Banham to the Prvory of Castleacrcy hy 
William de Waunctf, 

Noverint omnes, &c, presens scriptum visuri 
vel audituri, quod ego Willelmus de Wancy, 
filius et beres Domini Radulfi de Wancy mili- 
tis, concessi, remisi, et omnino in perpetuum 
quietum clamavi, pro salute anime mee et om- 
nium antecessorum et successorum meorum, 
Deo et ecclesie beate Marie de Castleacre et 
monachis ibi Deo servientibus et in perpetuum 
servituris, totum jus ac clamam quod habui, seu 
qnolibet modo vel jure habere potui, in advoca- 
tione ecclesie de West Barsham, cum tribus 
petiis terre jacentibus in campis memorate 
ville, sive in illis contineatur plus sive minus, 
qoamm una jacet apud Prestes meer et 
alia apud Longfurlong, et tertia apud Hunes- 
croB, juxta regalem viam, sine aliquo re- 
tenemento mihi vel heredibus meis seu quibus- 
cnmque successoribus nostris preterquam com- 
mmies participationes orationum et eleemosina- 
mm que fiunt et fient in dicta domo de 
Castleacre in perpetuum. In cujus rei testi- 
sumio huic scripto sigillum meum apposui. 
Ifis testibus, Domino Johanne Extraneo milite, 



Domino Johanne de Dunham, magistro Johanne 
de Pague, &c. et multis aliis. Fol. 5, chart 34.* 

No. 6. 

Deed of Gift of Giles de Vauncy of the 
Manors of West Barsham andDepeden, 
to William de Vauncy and his Sons. 

Sciant, &c. Ego Egidius de Vauncy con- 
cessi Willelmo de Vauncy militi ad totam vitam 
suam maneria de West Barsham et Depeden 
cum omnibus suis pertinentiis, et post decessum 
predicti Domini Willelmi militis Willelmo filio 
predicti Domini Willelmi et heredibus suis de 
se legitime procreatis ; contingente autem pre- 
dictum Willelmum filium Domini Willelmi de 
Vauncy militis sine herede de se legitime pro- 
create in fata discedere, volo ego prefatus Egi- 
dius quod manerium predictum cum omnibus 
suis pertinentiis remaneat Waltero de Wancy, 
fratri predicti Willelmi filii predicti Willelmi de 
Vauncy militis, et heredibus suis de se legitime 
procreatis; contingente autem predictum Wal- 
terum de Vauncy sine herede, &c. tunc 
Eduardo de Vauncy et heredibus suis ; contin- 
gente autem, &c. tunc Thome de Vauncy 
fratri predicti Eduardi, &c. ; contingente autem, 
&c, tunc Nicholao fratri predicti Thome, &c. 
contingente autem Nicholao, &c. tunc Roberto 
fratri predicti Nicholai ; contingente autem 
predictum Robertum, &c. tunc Hugoni de 
Vauncy fratri predicti Roberti ; contingente 
autem predictum Hugonem de Vauncy, &c, 
quod maneria predicta cum omnibus suis perti- 
nentiis revertantur mihi predicto Egidio de 
Vauncy et heredibus meis. Lib. de Castle- 
acre, fol. 137.t 

* Harl. 970, p. 66. 

t GibbonlB CoU. MS. Hari. 970, p. 24. 



370 



EDMUND DE GURNET. 



[part II. 



No. 7. 

Memorandum from the Norris MSS. respect' 

ing the Manors of West Barsham^ Sfc. 

M^. That Sir William Wancye, the last of 
the four (mentioned in the first of the notes 
endorsed upon the copy of the deed hereunto 
annexed), was the same Sir Willm. Wancye 
who in A^ 31^ Edwar. tertii was owner of the 
manor of West Barsham, in Norf''. together 
with the manor of Depden, in Suff. and there 
held those two manors of the manor of Castle 
Acre, in Norff. by knight's service ; as by some 
of the evidences of the sayd manor of West Bar- 
sham appeareth. And it seemeth that the same 
Sir Will™ Wancye was the last of that name 
and house, because he dyed w^ut issue male, 
havinge only thoo doughters & coheires, named 
Katheryne & Johane, which Katheryne was 
married to Edmund Gumay, to whome the 
sayd Sir William Wancye granted an annuity 
of 100 marks per ann'm, in fee, out of his 
manors of West Barsham and Depden ; and 
afterwards coVeyed or gave the inheritance of 
the manor of West Barsham to the sayd Ed- 
mund Gumay, as appeareth by the two subse- 
quent notes, one of a polle deed, the other of a 
lease, copied out of the evidences of the sayd 
manor of West Barsham, by Clement Paman, 
of Chevington, in the county of Suffolk, gent, 
as foUoweth:— 

By a polle deed, written in Fr[enc]h, dated 
at West Barsham, le demaighn [prochaine] 
apres la fi^te de saynt Matthie, Tan du reign le 
Roy Edward Tierre pr's la conqueste trente et 
primere, Will'm de Wancye, chevaFer, done et 
grant a Edmon Gumay, Baron, Kather[in]e 
ma file, et ses heires, du annull rent de cent 
marcs de argent app*ndre annulment des mes 
manoyrs de . • • • Barsham et Devenere. 



In an indenture of lease made between Ed- 
mund Gumay & one Harry Woodhard, smyth, 
the same Edmund is called lord of the manor 
of West Barsham, and the lease is made for 
one hundred and fourscore years, and is dated 
at West Barsham, die Sab'ti prox. pottfest. 
Ste. Petronille Virginis A^ Regni Regis Ed- 
wardi tertii post Conquestum quinqnageamo 
prime. 

Md. That the foresayd Johane the other 
daughter and coheir of the sayd Sir WOlm 
Wancye had the said manor of Depden either 
conveyed, gyven, or leased to descend unto beri 
which Johane was married unto Sir Nicholaa 
Dammery, knight, as is mentioned in the sayd 
indorced notes hereunto annexed. 

Md. That upon the xxiii day of March, 1615, 
et A^ R^s Jacobi Anglie, &c.xiii^ the foresayed 
Clement Paman rode to Little EUingham in 
Norff. and there viewed & p'used the evidences, 
writings, and copies of records remaining in the 
hands of Martha Gumay, widow, late wife of 
Thomas Gumay, esq. deceased, lord of the ma^ 
nor of West Barsham above mentioned, to the 
end he might know the tenure of the lands of 
the sayd Thomas Gumay, who, lately dyeing, 
left his Sonne and heir, of th' age of five years 
or there about, for whom an office was to be 
p*sently found; amongst which writings the 
sayd Clement Paman found the several tenures 
of the manors of West Barsham, Depden, & 
Castle Acre, and the deed and indenture above 
recited, and took notes thereout with his own 
hand, being as are above written, which notea 
were read & written verbatim, as is above ex* 
pressed, by Thomas Burby, of Depden, gent., 
when the sayd Clement Paman was returned 
home to Chevington. In witness whereof the 
said Thomas Burby & Clement Paman hereto 



APP. LXIV.] chamberlain's ACCOUNTS AT LYNN REGIS. 



371 



have put their hands the third day of April, 
1616| the xiiith year of his Maj. reign. 

Tho. Burst. 

Clement Paman. 

FUfi of the Wauncy9 in the Ctackcloee 
Hundred. 

FINCHAM. 

Willebnus de Wancy et tenentes std octo 
feoda in Depden, Barsham, Denvere, Dunham, 
Derfaam, Fordham, Lirling,Methwold, Fincham 
et North Baraham.* 

F. com' Pembr. tent, de Castro de Acre. 

Esch. A*. 170 Ed. 2di. 

Willebnus Wauncy tenet octo feoda in Dep- 
den, Denvere, Downham, Derham, Fordham, 
LirlingyMethwold, Fincham^et North Barsham.f 

Feoda mil. com. Lane. 

Esch. A*, r E. 8. 



' Johannesi Talbot tefnet in FfjmchaAi unum 
feodum militis de Willelmo de Wauncy, et idem 
de Comite Warrenne et Comite Radulfo, quod 
Adam Talboth quondam tenuit. xb.} 

Inquis. A^ 20 E. 3. 

David de Strabolgi Earl of Athol, died A^ 
46 E. 3, seised of 8 knight's fees in Wym- 
botesham, Depeden, Barsham, Denvere, Doun- 
ham, Derham, Lyrlynge, Methwold, Fincham 
and North Barsham, now held by William de 
Wanysy.§ 

Esch. A"*. 1 R. 2, n. 164. 

FORDHAM. 

Petrus de Spalding tenet in Denvere, Helgey, 
Dounham, Fordham, et Dereham, unum feodum 
militis de Willelmo Wauncy, et idem de Comite 
Warrennae, et ille de Rege.|| 

Inquis. temp. Hen. 3. 



APPENDIX LXIV. 

chamberlain's accounts at LYNN, TEMP. EDW. III. 

Edmund Gumey was employed at Lynn in the gaol deliveries there the 44th, 46th, and 48th 
Edw. III. (1370, 1372, 1374), as appears by the chamberlain's account rolls, the Lynn corpora- 
tion not having the privilege of gaol delivery before the reign of James I. The following are 
(he extracts from the accounts where Edmund Gumey is mentioned. 



44 Edw. III. 



Gifts and expenses of the justices. The 
same (the chamberlain's) account for 20#. given 
Roger Meres, justice of our lord the king. 
Also for 4/. given John de Bemey and Edmund 



• Addit MSS. No. 8889. foL 78. 
t Pol. 74. 



Don et expenS jusf. Idm comp de 
xx#. daf Rog Meres just dni Regis. Item 
de iiij^. dat Jofai Bemeye et Edo Gur* 
nay justiciar pacis et arraiat homiH ad 



t Pol. 75. 
II PoU98. 



% Pol. 76. 



3 C 



372 



BDMUND DB GURNEY. 



[part II. 



Gurnay, justices of the peace, and the arrayed arma. Km de yjtf. Tujd. dat daob3 cHob 



men at arms* Also for 6i. Sd. given two 
clerks of the same justices. Also for 3s. Ad. 
given John, son of John de Bemey. Also for 
6d. given their cryer. Also for I7s. Sd. paid 
for the expenses of the same justices for 2 days. 



eo^dm justic, Ifm de iij«. mjd. dsX Jdti 
fit Johis de Bemeye. Ifm de vjd. daf 
pclamator eo^. Ilm de xyij«. iijd. sot p 
expnS eosdm justic p duos dies. 



46 Edw. UI. 



Gifts. Also for I8d. expended in sweet and 
red wine upon Edmund Gumay. Also for 
IQ^//. in wine upon the seneschal of Lynn, in 
the presence of the mayor. And for 6d. in 
wine expended on the said seneschal and Ed- 
mund Gumay. 



Exhenn. Itm de xviijd, expn in vino 
dulc et rub sup Edm Gumay. Km de 
xd. ob in yino expn sup senesc Lenn in 
^sen{ major. Et de viijtf. in vino expn 
sup dcm sen et Edm Gumay. 



48 Edw. III. 



And for I2d. paid to a certain man carrying 
the mayor's letter to Edmund Gumay, for the 
having his advice concerning those imprisoned 
for a disturbance of the peace. And for 2s, 2d. 
paid for wine expended in the presence of the 
said Edmund, for the aforesaid cause. And for 
6s. Sd. customary money paid for wine ex* 
pended in the presence of the said Edmund and 
others, worthy men of the town, another time 
for the same cause. And for 20d. customary 
money paid Edmund Gumay, for holding the 
sessions for the delivery of the said prisoners. 
And for Ss. 4d. customary money paid and 
given John SewaU, clerk of the justices of the 
peace, for the aforesaid cause. 



Et de xijd. solut cuidam gerenl iram 
majoris ESdmo Gumay p concii suo hndo 
sup imp'sonatis cauS pturbac5is pacis. Et 
de ij8. ijd. sohil p vino expenS in psenc 
dci Edmi causa ^dict Et de vs. yujd. 
cons soi p vin expn in ^senc dci Edffi 
et at valid ville at vice causa ^dca. Et 
de xxs. conS solut Edmd Gumay p cession 
faciend ad dcos impsonat liband. Et de 
iijs. iiijd. conS sot et dat Jobi Sewall ctico 
justic pacis causa pdicta. 



The documents of the borough of Lynn are well preserved ; the ancient charters exist, and a 
conuderable number of account rolls, from some of which the extracts above are taken. The 
transactions of the communitas, or corporation, are contained in the Hall Books, which are 
nearly complete in an unintermpted series from the reign of Edward I. 



APP. LXV.] 



BXGISTRATION OF WILLS. 



373 



APPENDIX LXV. 



On the Registration of Wills. 

The separation of the temporal and ecclesi- 
astical courts by William the Conqueror, was 
the origin of courts purely ecclesiastical in this 
country. Amongst others were the prerogative 
courts of the archbishops and bishops, arch- 
deacons, &c. for the trial of testamentary causes : 
hence the registration of wills at these courts, 
according to their several jurisdictions. 

After the Norman conquest the conveyance 
of land by will or otherwise was limited by the 
solemn form of transferring it by livery of 
sebin (for the particulars of which ceremony 
see Blackstone, book iL chap. 20), and by the 
grand restraints on alienation of land of the 
feudal system. 

By a cbuise in Magna Charta, the will of the 
deceased was to be performed after payment of 
the debts of the crown.* 

Wills became more general soon after the 
time of Edward L At the Prerogative Office 
of die Bishop of Norwich, the earliest will 
recorded is in 1370 ; in that of the Archbishop 

, * Turner'^ Hist, of EnglAnd, vol. i. p. 421. 



of Canterbury, in Doctors' Commons, the 
earliest is in 1883. 

In the red register of Lynn, the earliest cor* 
poration book there, are numerous wills regis- 
tered before the mayor and an official, probably 
of the Bishop of Norwich, capital lord of the 
manor. The earliest of these Lynn wills is of 
the date 1309. 

Statutes, 31 Edw. IIL stat. 1, ch. 4; 4 
Hen. V. Stat. 2, ch. 8 ; 21 Hen. VIII. ch. 5 ; 
were passed, restraining the exactions of the 
clergy in fines on the registering of wills, as 
great jealousy existed on that head. 

Anciently the testament and last wilj were 
two distinct instruments ; in the former, the 
personal estate was disposed of; in die latter, 
the real. By directions given to the feoffees> 
this latter was often omitted in the registers. 

The wills at die various register offices afford 
the most authentic genealogical information; 
and many of them are of great interest in throw- 
ing light on the manners and habits of our 
ancestors. 

(See preface to Nicolas*8 Testamenta Ve- 
tusta.) 



374 



JOHN DE GOURNEY V. 

Son and heir of Edmund Goumey^ is styled of West Barsham and of 
Baeonsthorpe. 

In 1 387^ being the year of his father s deaths he presented to the church 
of Harpley ; in 1388 he presented to Thuxton ; in 1 389 again to Harpley/ 

This John de Gumay was seneschal^ for the parts of Norfolk^ to Richard 
Fitzalan^ Earl of Arundel and Surrey ; and, in the 9th Richard II. 1386, 
was ordered by the said earl to inquire what loss would occur to him by 
the gift of Belet's manor in Marham^ to the abbess and nuns there. See 
a copy of the deed from Marham Chartula^y. (Appendix LXVI.) 

This John married Alice^ daughter and coheir of John de Heylesdon, 
and of Joan his wife, sometime before the 19th Richard II. (1396) ; for in 
that year a fine was levied between John Winter and others, querents, and 
John Gumey and Alice his wife, defendants, of the manors of Heylesdon 
and Drayton, with the advowsons of the churches there, and advowson of 
the chantry in the said church of Heylesdon, and adrowson of the moiety 
of the church at Tarerham, which Sir John Seyton, knight, and Joan his 
wife (probably the widow of John de Heylesdon), held for the life of the 
said Joan, of the inheritance of the said Alice ;^ which fine was in order to 
some settlement thereof. (Appendix LXVII.) 

In 1398 he presented to the church of Drayton, in which place he has 
the addition of Domicellus,^ a title more than equivalent to armiger.^ 



■ Blomefield, in Harpley. ^ Blomefield, vol. vii. p. 879. 

c Fines Norff. 19 Richard II. vol. iL p. 208 ; Norris MSS. 

d DomiceUus — << Rex militibus, domicellis, et aliis tenentibus soisy" &c, anno 1279 : by this 
it appears that Domioellus was inferior to Miles (Rymer's Fcedera, vol iL p. 181. ; Norris MSS. 
Miscellaneous Papers). Sir H. Spelman explains this word " optimatis primogenitos," Glossary. 
In ancient French, damoiseau. (See Preface to Noms Feodaux ; Paris, 1826, page xi.) 

« Norris MSS. Tunstead p. 66. 



A. D. 1399.] SHERIFF OF NORFOLK AND SUFFOLK. 37ft 

Sir Henry Spelman says he was an ambassador from Richard 11. into 
France^ " as appeareth by the seal of the same king.* " By this probably 
is meant some special mission to the French king. 

The first of Henry IV. (1399-1400), he was sheriff for the counties'^ of 
Norfolk and Suffolk ;^ from which circumstance we conclude him to have 
been of the Lancastrian party in the contest between the White and Red 
Rose, as it was not likely the king would name any one to the influential 
post of sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk who was not his own partizan. 

In 1401 he again presented to the church of Drayton ; the same year he 
appears as feoffee in the manor of Horsford.^ This year also he occurs by 
the name of John de Goumay of Baconsthorpe, where he was lord of the 
manor of Wood-hall.* The 2nd Henry IV. he re-leased to Hugh Bavent 
all his right in the messuage and 44 acres of land in Harpley, formerly 
Alice Bavent's, wife of Richard Bavent. The 3rd Henry IV. (1402), when 
the aid ' was to be raised for marrying the king's eldest daughter, Blanch, 
it was found by inquisition that this John de Gourney, together with Wil- 
liam de Calthorpe, held a knight's fee in Harpley, of the Earl of Arundel, 
and the earl of the king.s^ At the same time it was also found that he 
held in Baconsthorpe a quarter of a fee of Robert FitzOsbert, and he of 

^ Spelman MSS. Gourney Pedigree, see p. 817. 

^ The sheriffalty of Suffolk was joined to Norfolk until the year 1575. 

c List of Norfolk Sheriffs in Fuller's Worthies. 

^ Carta dat. 2 Henry IV. penes Dom. ejusdem manerii. Norris MSS. 

« Reg. Harsyke, fol. 276 a ; Norris MSS. in the will of Roger, Rector of Town Bemingham. 

' The feudal aids were three — 

1st. To ransom the person of the lord, if taken prisoner. 

2nd. To make the lord's eldest son a knight, which was a matter of great expense. 
3rd. To marry the lord's eldest daughter hy giving a suitable portion. (Blackstone, 
book ii. p. 63.) 
In this case the King, Henry IV. as supreme lord, demanded this last species of aid of his tenants 
(which was levied lU^cording to the rate of fees held by them) without the intervention of Parlia- 
ment, as by ancient usage and the statute 25 Edward III. stat. 5, chap. 1 1, he was entitled to do ; 
notwithstanding which this tax gave great dissatisfaction. (Rapin's History of England, vol. i. 
p. 492.) Blanche, daughter of Henry IV. married Lewis of Bavaria. 
« Feod. Norff. p. 3, No. 29 ; Norris MSS. 



576 JOHN DB GOURNBY V. [pART U. 

the heir of Richard de la Rokeby, and he of Thomas Mowbray, &c., the 
king's ward, under age/ Also, that he held in Saxthorpe, Corpusty, and 
Ermingland, the fourth part of a fee of the Lady Cromwell, heir of Tatter* 
shall, and the lady of the king> Also, that he held in Hardingham, one fee 
of Sir Thomas Bardolf, and he of the king.^ Also, that he held in West 
Barsham one knight's fee of the honour of Castle Acre, which the Earl of 
Arundel held of the king in capite.^ Also, that he held in North Bar* 
sham half a knight's fee of the said honour of Castle Acre.^ In the same 
year it is elsewhere said that he held half a knight's fee in Heylesdon, 
Drayton, &c.' sometime of Walter de Bamham, he of the Earl of Hereford, 
and the earl of the king in capite. 

In 1403 he again presented to the church of Thuxton ; and the same year 
as a feoffee, with others, to the church at Pensthorpe. 

In 1404 he was one of the knights of the shire for Norfolk, at the Vbt- 
liament held at Coventry, 6th October, 5th Henry IV. ; this was that 
Parliament stigmatised by the clergy with the name of '^ Parliamentum 
indoctum," because the Commons endeavoured to set some bounds to the 
enormous wealth and avarice of churchmen.i^ 

This Parliament met in the great chamber of the Priory at Coventry. 
It is said that the king, in the writs of summons, commanded none to be 
returned but such as were unlearned; whence it was called the Illiterate 
Parliament. It is certain that the court had laboured to cause such repre- 
sentatives to be chosen as were not too much prepossessed in £Etvour of 
the clei^. The Commons went in a body to the king, and addressed him, 
that, to supply his extraordinary aid, they recommended his seizing the 
revenues of the clei^ without burthening his people. They set forth that 
the clergy possessed a third part of the lands of the kingdom, and, not 
doing the king any personal service, it was just they should contribute to 



» Feod. Norff. p. 8, No. 4 ; Norris MS& b Jhid. p. 9, No. 17 ; Norris MSS. 

<" Ihid. p. 88, No. 9 ; Norris MSS. d Ihid. p. 49, No. 16 ; Norris MSS. 

• Ibid. No. 20; Norris MSS. 

' Heron MSS. cited by Kirkpatrick in his MSS. ; Norris in Tonstead. 
•« Norris MSS. ; Tunstead, p. 57. 



A. D. 1404.] PARLIAMENTUM INDOCTUM. 377 

the pressing necessities of the state^ &c. The king so received this address 
as plainly showed it was not disagreeable to him ; but^ the Archbishop of 
Canterbury interfering, Henry was obliged to yield to his instances ; upon 
which the Commons passed a bill to seize the revenues of the clergy, but 
the Archbishop and the rest of the clergy were so prevalent with the Lords, 
that they threw out the bill. 

Sir Henry Spelman mentions having seen the accounts of John de 
.Goumey, and their evidence as sheriff and knight of the shire.^ 

The 6th Henry IV. (1406), he sued the duchy of Lancaster for the 
common called Southlings, to have free warren there, as his separate soil 
and part of his lordship of West Barsham, and that his father Edmund was 
possessed of it. This cause was put off by the king's letters, because this 
John was one of the knights of the shire for the county of Norfolk in the 
Parliament held at Coventry in the said 6th year ; but in the 7th year it 
was adjudged against Gumey, the said common of Southlings being in 
the point of South Creke parish, and belonging to the duchy of Lancaster ; 
and John Gumey was bound to the king in 500 marks not to claim any 
right there hereafter, as not being within the lete of his manor of West 
Barsham.^ 

In 1406 an inquisition ^^ ad quod damnum "^ was issued at his suit, 
touching the manors of Bumham, Swanton-Novers, Branche*s Manor in 
Wyveton, Erpingham and Wickmere manors ; but for what purpose does 
not appear.^ 

The same year John de Goumey and others gave to the Prior and Con- 
vent of Walsingham certain lands, with the appurtenances, in Brunham, 
alias Bumham, in Norfolk.^ 

In the 9th Henry IV. he had an interest in the manor of Hempstead in 
Happing. 



A Spelman, Gurney Pedigree. ^ Blomefield, in West Barsham. 

c The writ ^ ad quod damnum " was marked by the statute 27 Edw. 1. stat. 2, as a method of 
obtaining the king's licence for alienating lands by mortmain or otherwise. 

d Inquis. ad quod dam. 7 Hen. IV. No. 28. Accent's MS. p. 271. Norris MSS. 

€ HarL MSS. Cal. Inquis. ad quod dam. 7 Hen. IV. p. 855. Dugdale's Monast vol. vi. p.*74. 



378 JOHN DB GOURNBY V. [PART II. 

John de Goumey, being in right of Alice his wife lord of the manors of 
Heylesdon and Drayton3 was the first who began to build a bridge over 
the river Wensiun, at Heylesdon, 9th Henry IV. (1408) ; but the corpora- 
tion of Norwich, apprehensive that their tolls might by that means be 
lessened, solicited and procured a writ from the King, directed to the said 
John de Goumey, in which writ is recited, '^ that whereas the king had 
been given to understand that the said John was about to build a bridge 
' de novo ' over the water between the towns of Heylesdon and Earlham; 
&c. for all his subjects to pass over, which might be to the great damage 
of the tolls of the citizens of Norwich, therefore he was thereby ordered 
to forbear until the matter should be discussed before the King's Council : 
* teste apud Maydestone, 1 3® Martii, anno Regis none* *' * 

No bridge being over the Wensum at Heylesdon, we suppose great 
traffic was thrown into Norwich by persons going from the country north 
of that city to the parts lying south of the Wensiun. Tolls at the gates of 
fortified and chartered cities were general, which accounts for the citizens 
opposing the erection of this bridge. 

Whether John de Goumay lived to receive this writ may be doubted, as 
he died the same year ; Mr. Norris asserts before the 26th March, 1407-8. 

Sir Henry Spelman mentions his will in French, and his seal attached 
to it, a cross engrailed. It is also mentioned in the Yitia Calthorpiana^ 
Harl. 970, p. 60. " Job. Gomey's will, 9 Hen. IV. de maneriis de West 
Barsham, North B., Houghton, Harpley, Denver, Baconsthorpe, Hamp* 
stead, & Saxthorpe, et de manerio de Depeden, in com. SufiF.'* 

We have not discovered this wiU in any of the offices for proving wills 
where it was likely to be found. 

He had no children, but was succeeded by Thomas Gumay, his nephew. 
Alice, his wife, survived him, and had an interest in some of his manors 
for life : she held her first court at Harpley, for that manor, on Thursday 
before the Exaltation of the Holy C5ross, 10 Henry IV. 1409.^ Not long 
after, she became the wife of Sir John Wiltshire, knight, who in her right 

^ Liber Cartar. et Plac. Norw. Kirkpatrick MSS. Coll. quoted by Norris. 
to Blomefieldy in Harpley. 



A. D. 1408.] 



ALICE DB HBYLESDON. 



379 



held not only the manors of Heylesdon and Dreyton, which were her own 
inheritance, but also Thuxton and some other places of the inheritance of 
the Goumeys, amongst others Depeden in Suffolk, to which he presented 
in 1422. 

Sir John Wiltshire died at Heylesdon, in the beginning of the year 
1428.» And Alice, surviving him, seems to have taken a third husband, 
Richard Selling, Esq. who was lord of Heylesdon in right of AUce his wife, 
9 and 11 Henry VI. (1431—1433.)^ 

In the church at Heylesdon was a brass in Mr. Norris's time, which 
perhaps was placed to the memory of this Alice de Heylesdon ; it bore this 
inscription : — 

Here leyeth Alice Hellisdon, 
On whos soule Jesu have mercy. 

Having had three husbands, her epitaph might be in her maiden name. 



Reg. Surflete, F 27 a. 



Kirkpatrick MSS. quoted by Norris. 




3 D 



380 



JOHN DB GOURNAY V. 



[part II. 



APPENDIX LXVL 



Order of Richard Earl of ArundeU and 
Surrey to hie Seneschal John de Goumey 
( V.) concerning the manor called Beletee 
in Marham, from a strip of parchment 
attached to the 60th page of the Regiiter 
of Marham Abbey y from the muniments of 
Sir Thomas Hare, Bart. 

Dominns Ricardus Anindell et de Surr*, 
mandaTit literas suas Johanni Gurnay suo 
senescallo Id partibus Norfolcie ad inquiren- 
dum et oertificandum eidem domino et suo 
concilio ad quod dampnum esset eidem domino 
et heredibus suis si lioenciaret Ricardo Holdich 
et Johanni Clenchewarton dare manerium voca- 
tum Deletes cum pertinentiis in villa de Marham 
abbatisse et monialibus de Marham et suis suc- 



cessoribus imperpetuum ; et tunc virtute cujiu 
predictus Johannes Gumav seneschalhis oepit 
qnandam inquisitionem per aacramentiiin 
Geor^ atte Lathe, Johannis de Wesenham, 
Robert! atte Grende de Fyncham, Roberti 
Atte Gannok, Johannis Fox, Ade Thoroekyn, 
Johannis Waak, Thome de Bokenham, WU" 
lelmi de Tyllington, Johannis Garnet, Johannis 
Massag' et Willelmi Grigge, qui dicont per 
sacramentum suum quod non est ad dampanm 
domino nee alicui alio licet dictum manerinm 
cum pertinentiis fuerit datum abbatisse et mo- 
nialibus de Marham. Item dictum manerinm 
teneri domino comiti in capite in puram et per- 
petuam elemosynam et quod valet per annum 
in omnibus exitibus 10 marcas.* 



APPENDIX LXVII. 



ON THE FAMILY OF DE HEYLESDON. 



The de Heylesdons, the heiress of which ] 

family married John de Goumay (V.), appear to ' 

have been wealthy citizens of Norwich and of \ 

London. Henry de Heylesdon was one of the ! 

bailiffs of Norwich in 1261 ; and in 1272, in i 

consequence of disturbances in the city, the \ 

then bailiffs were superseded by Henry HI. . 
who came to Norwich in order to restore order ; 
and Henry de Hellesdon was one of four cus- 
todes of the city then named by the king ; he 



also occurs as one of the bailiffs in 1307. 
Peter Heylesdon was in the same office in 
1268. Richard de Heylesdon, the 36th Ed- 
ward III. (1362), is styled citizen of London, 
and was father of John de Heylesdon of Lon- 
don, and who was bailiff of London in 1379. 
He was a citizen of Norwich, made his will 
April 14, 1384, and desires to be buried in the 

* Temp, circa 9 Richard II. (13S6). See Blome- 
field, vol. viL p. 879. 



App LXVII. 



FAaoL^ 



T OF Ds Hbtlehdon. 



380 A 




^gf^Vi^iU-^. 






DRAYTO-N" LODGE NORFOLK 



This romarkable niin, called Drayton 
Lodge, Htands not far from the ancient 
Walsingham Way, on the road to Fakenham, ; 
about three-and-a-half milefl from Norwich. 
It was unquestionably the Manor House 
of the ftunily of De H^llosden, and probably 
built by them, about the period of John 
De Gk)umay the V. who married the heiress 
of that ftunily (Record p. 37 4.) and thereby 
acquired the manors of Hellesdon and 
Drayton. At the former place little remains 
of the manor house, but Drayton Lodge has 
happily been preserved, mainly by my friend 



R Fitcli, Esq., F.S.A., having purchased it 
in order to preserve it. It is built on what 
was formerly open heath, and is a striking 
object when seen from a distance. It is 
built of a yellowish brick in the old English 
mode ; its form is oblong 22 feet 6 inches 
by 16 feet 3 inches — a large round 
tower of 22 feet in circumference at each 
comer. The entrance is by a large arch 
in the south front, to the left of which is a 
small narrow aperture which seems to have 
afforded all the light to be had in the lower 
room when the door was closed. The south 



App. Lxvn, 



Family or De Hstlesdon, 



380 B. 




DRAYTON LODGE. NORFOLK. 

GROUND PLAN. 



western tower appears to have had a 
staircase. Holes remain in the internal 
walls on which the beams of an upper 
floor were inserted. There was a fireplace 
both in the lower and upper room. Almost 
all architectural details are destroyed. The 
arch of entrance is so mutilated as to be 
made out with difficulty. This interesting 
ruin resembles the honse represented in 
the Bayeux Tapestry, but in that, the flight 
of steps was outside, and no round towers. 
In the same manner the tower of the Cress- 
wells at Oresswell in Northumberland, has 



only two rooms, and the steps outside, also 
without the roimd towers. At p. 1060 of 
Record, I have given an engraving of a 
superior border tower belonging to the 
Middletons of Bolsy Castle. Drayton Lodge 
is mentioned in the Paston Letters as exist- 
ing in 1465 and 1466, but it is in my opinion 
of an earlier date, and probably built whilst 
John de Goumay V. was lord of the manor, 
but upon his death without an heir the 
manors of the De H^Uesdens passed away 
from his family. 



APP. LXVII.] 



FAMILY OF DB HBYLESDON. 



381 



church of Heylesdon hy his father and mother. 
This family prohahly always held lands in 
Heylesdon^ and eventually possessed Bernham's 



manor in that place, and the manor of Dray- 
ton. The following is their pedigree : 



Henbt ds HKTUliDQH, Bailiff of Norwich, 1261 ; Custofl, 1272 ; Bailiff, 1807. 

Richard db Hktlbsdon, 186S.^Bbatbicb. 

John de Hetlesdon, Bailiff of London 1379, died 1384.=^ Joanna. Robebt. Maboa&et. 



AuaA.=l8t. Sut John de Qoubnay, Knt.=2d. Sir John Wiltshire, Knt.=^8d. Richard 

Seluno, Elsq. 



Margaret. 



By her second husband, Sir John Wiltshire, 
Alice de Heylesdon appears to have left issue 
John Wiltshire.* 

In Heylesdon church, in Mr. Norris's time, 
were several monumental brasses of this family ; 
one under the effigies of the upper half of a 
man and woman, with an inscription in French : 

Richard de Heylesdon et Beatrice sa feme giaeont ici 

Dieu de lo' almes eit m^cy — Amen. 

Qi p* lour almes p*era 

X. annes et xl. jours de pardoun anera. 

On a brass plate on the adjoining stone is 
the following inscription for the founder of the 
chantry : 

Hie jacet Johannes de Heylesdon et Joh^na Consors 
ejus, quondam patroni huj^ eccrie et fundatores hnj^ 
cantarie, et d'cus Joh'es obit ix<*. die mens" Aprilis a^o 
d'ni M.CCC.LXXX.III. Quor' a'i'^ab's p'piciet' d's ame'.f 

The chantry mentioned in this monument 
was founded 9th Richard II. (1385), by John 
Churchman, Sheriff of London, executor of 
John de Heylesdon, late a citizen of London, 
who had a patent for founding it for two chap- 
lains to pray in the church at Heylesdon for the 
souls of the said John de Heylesdon, Joan his 
wife, and Walter -de Bemey : this was called 

* Blomefield, in Heylesdon. 

t Norris MSS. Funeral Monuments, vol. ii. p. 22. 



the « College of Priests at Haylesdon." It 
was endowed with lands, tenements, and rents 
in several parishes in London and in Norfolk ; 
and, in 1395, each priest's portion was valued 
at 6L I3s. lOd,, which shows their endowments 
were considerable.^ 

The Walter de Bemey here mentioned was 
a wealthy citizen of London, and a Norfolk 
man ; by his will, proved in 1379, he gave to 
the church at Heylesdon a missal and other 
bequests. John de Heylesdon was one of his 
executors, to whom he gave great part of his 
furniture and plate in London ; and to Joan, 
wife of John de Heylesdon, a silver cup and 
cover. § 

A branch of the family of Heylesdon con- 
tinued in Norwich. Henry de Heylesdon had 
a messuage in St. Peter*s Mancroft, formerly 
Hugh de Dunston's ; this Henry was dead be- 
fore 20th Henry VI. 1442, leaving John de 
Heylesdon bis son and heir, who possessed the 
said messuage 20th and 23rd Henry VI. || 

I find no arms of the family of Heylesdon ; 
probably, as citizens, they bore none. 

X Taylor'^s Index Monasticus, p. 48. 
$ Norris MSS. Funeral Mon. p. 24. 

II Ibid. 



382 



ROBERT GURNAY 

Possessed the manor of Harpley, and was succeeded in it by Thomas, 
who was nephew of the preceding Sir John de Goumey, knight, who died 
without issue ; this appears by a computus of the cellarer* of the priory of 
Norwich, who in 1512 writes, " De manerio de Harpley quondam Roberti 
Gumey, postea Thomae Gumey, et nuper Willelmi Gumay, armigeri, &c. 
&c." ^ from this there can be little doubt that Robert was brother of Sir 
John, and father of Thomas^ the nephew and heir of Sir John de 
Goumay V. 

A Robert Gumey had at this period ^ land at Little Cressingham and 
Hopton, and in 1405, the 7th Henry IV. a fine was levied between Robert 
Gumey, of Cressingham Parva, and Thomas Stodhagh, querents, and Ed- 
ward Howard and Katharine his wife, defendants,* of a tenement and fold- 
course in Cressingham Parva and Hopton, the right of the said Robert. 
In the church of Hempstead, in Happing hundred, against the north wall 
of the church next to the chancel, was formerly the painting of the figures 



* The cellarer was an officer of importance in every monastery. He was bursar, who bought 
all provisions, &c. ; in some houses he was <* secundus pater in monasterio/* as in the abbey of 
Bury, where a large part of the buildings were assigned for his residence. In the monasteiy of 
St. Benet in the Holme, this officer had much the largest separate estate. He had not only 
many tithes, pensions, rents, &c. but also some whole manors allotted to his office.* The cellarer 
of Norwich was the cellarer of the conventual body attached to the cathedral church there, to 
which £3 per annum was paid from the manor of Uphall, in Harpley .f 

^ Blomefield, in Harpley. 

*^ Spelman MSS ; Pedigree of Gumey ; Norris MSS. 

«* Norris MSS, ; Blomefield, in Cressingham. 

e Fine Norff. 7th Hen. IV. 

• Norris MSS. in Happing, page 403. f Blomefield, in Harpley. 



A. D. 1405.] FINE BETWEEN GURNAY AND 8TUDHAU6H. 



383 




of a man and woman kneeling, each of them holding a label ; on the first 
was written : — 

Qui circumstatis precibus sibi subveniatis ; 

on the other : — 

Gumay Robertus soluit de munere certus. 

At their feet a shield of arms. Argent, a chevron be- 
tween 3 bull's heads in profile cut off close at the nape, 
sable. 

On the south wall, directly opposite to the former, a 
woman and a man kneeUng, having over their heads 
these four verses : — 

Hac per pictura sperans mercede futura) 
Solvit devotus Thomas Studhaugh voce vocatus, 
Qui fuerat digna conjux Kath'na benigna, 
Quos vobis gratis mentis commendo beatis. 

Between the man and woman, a shield of arms. 
Gules, on a chevron argent 3 martlets sable, all within 
a bordure sable engrailed,* Studhaugh. 

This is now all defaced. 

This Robert Gumey and Thomas Studhaugh were 
undoubtedly the persons named in the above-mentioned 
fine, and, from the circumstance of Sir John Gurney 
having property in Hempstead, we suspect that this is 
the same person as Robert Gumey, lord of Harpley, and he probably 
married one of the family of Studhaugh, which was ancient, and seated at 
Hempstead for some generations. 

We cannot satisfactorily account for the arms under Robert Gumey in 
the church there. 

Moule, in his Heraldry of Fish, page 104, supposes these to be three 
heads of the gurnard fish, the familiar appellation of which fish, with 




* Norris Funeral Monuments, vol. i. p. 65 ; and Tunstead, p. 55. 



384 



ROBERT GURNAY. 



[part II. 



sailors, is the%ullVhead/' The gurnard fish was the 
crest of the Gournays of Norfolk, and, although 
the first instance of its being used occurs in the reign 
of Henry VI. by Thomas Gumey I. son of this Robert, 
it may very probably have been of earlier date. 

It has been suggested to me that this crest of the 
fish, as well as the engrailed cross, the arms of Gour- 
nay, may have originated at the period of the Crusades, 
as the fish was a hieroglyphic* of the early Christians, 
from the letters composing the Greek word IX0TS 
forming the initials Iijo-ouy Xpurro^ 06ow Tioy Xwrr^q. 

In consequence of this, the image of a fish was 
sculptured upon tombs and sepulchral urns, as well 
as upon seals and rings ; ^ and might from this cir- 
cumstance have been assumed as a crest by the Christian warrior 




* Mrs. Hamilton Gray's Sepulchres of Etruria. 
^ Moule on the Heraldry of Fish, page 12. 




385 



THOMAS GURNAY L, 

Probably son of Robert, but certainly nephew and heur' of Sir John, first 
occurs in the list of Norfolk gentlemen returned as such by the commis- 
sioners, 12 Hen. VI. 1434^ We must observe that the Norman French 
becoming gradually disused, the De before surnames, taken from places, 
ceased about this period, and in consequence the family of Gumay was 
no longer described as De Gumay or De Goumay, but simply Gumay or 
Goumey. 

Thomas Gurnay was a feoffee in the manor of Wolterton, in East Bar- 
sham, 13 Henry VI. 1435.*^ 

In 1440 he presented as a feoffee with others for Sir John Curzon, 
Knight, to the church at Ingoldesthorpe.^ 

In 1442 he presented to the church of Harpley in his own right.® 

In 1443 he presented in his own right also by the name of Thomas 
Guraey of West Barsham, to the church of Depden, in Suffolk/ 

22d Henry VI. 1444 or 5, a fine was levied between Nicholas Boking 
and John Aleyne of Castle-acre, querents, and Thomas Gurney, Esquire, 
and Margaret his wife, defendants, of 6 messuages, 200 acres of land, 
6 acres of meadow, and a 30th part of 80 acres of bruery (i. e. heath), 4 
acres of marsh, 5^. rent, and a fold-course in West Lexham, East Lexham, 

* Spelman. Pedigree of the Gurneys. 

b Fuller*8 Worthies. The list of the gentry here alluded to was made out in each county by com- 
missioners appointed for the purpose. Fuller supposes that the real motive for this was to tender an 
oftth of fealty to the gentry of the kingdom in favour of the house of Lancaster. There appears 
strong ground for this supposition, as Sir Robert Cotton mentions in his abridgement of the [re- 
cordsy that at the parliament held 1 1 Hen. VI. the speaker presented an article that no nobleman or 
other should retain in his service any offender of the law. The which article the lords and 
bishops swore to maintain ; and it was enacted that the lords, knighta, and esquires, yeomen, 
and persons throughout the realm, should by special commissioners swear to perform the same. 
(Norris MSS.) 

*^ Blomefield in W. Barsham. ^ Inst. Lib. 10 F. 86. 

e Tanner's MSS. Bishop's Office, Norris MSS. 

' Inst Liber, 10 F. 49. Norris MSS. 



386 



THOMAS GURNAY I. 



[part ir. 



Castle-Acre, Newton, and Dunham Magna, the right of John of the in- 
heritance of Margaret.* 

Thomas Gumey married Margaret Kerville, of that ancient family seated 
at Wiggenhall St. Mary's, in Marshland; they also possessed land in 
Castle-Acre,** where, according to the fine quoted above, Margaret's in- 
heritance partly lay. Cook, Qarenceaux, in an ancient pedigree, calls her 
Catharine^ daughter of Robert Kerville, of Watlington : but the fine just 
quoted proves that the wife of Thomas Gumey was named Mai^aret. 
Robert Kerville, of Watlington, died in 1434, and mentions his daughter 
Catharine in his will, but makes no mention of Margaret. In the pedigree 
at page 286 I have called the wife of Thomas Gumay 
Catharine, after the authority of Cook : but it would 
seem erroneously. 

In the windows of Gumey's Place, Norwich, was the 
coat of arms Gumey impaling Kerville, Gules, a chevron 
between three leopard's faces or. This, with other 
coats which remained of the family arms, has been 
removed to Keswick. (Appendix LXVIII.) 
This Thomas Gumey sealed with a cross engrailed " with a helmet and 
crest, which, as is supposed, is a gurnard fish biting on 
the helmet, his tail upward, which I think the heralds 
call hauriant.'* ^ (Appendix LXIX.) 

He is styled of Norwich in 1451. Mr. Norris is of 
opinion that Margaret, his first wife, died, and he 
married, secondly, Alice — of what family does not 
appear — and that he died in 1454 intestate, at Great 
Ellingham, where he was then residmg, and adnunis- 
tration was granted to Alice his widow and others, the 
5th August of that year -^ but it seems doubtful whether 
this is the same Thomas Gumay, as I do not discover 
that he had property or a residence at Great Elling- 
ham. He was probably buried at Baconsthorpe, where 





a Fine Norff. 23 Hen. VI. ^ Blomefield in CasUe-acre. 

d Reg. Aleyne, para prima, f. 19 b. Norris MSS. 



Spelman MSS. 



A. D. 1454.] INSCRIPTION AT BACONSTHORPB. 



387 



was formerly the following fragment of an inscription on a flagstone in 
the church. 



Thome Gurney Generosi 
propicietur Dens Amen.^ 



Thomas Gumay I. left a son and heir Thomas, and Catharine, a 
daughter, who married John Baxter of Forncet, Norfolk, Gentleman. 

Cotemporary was Robert Goumay, Rector of Heathel, presented by 
John Duke of Norfolk in 1427 ; he died 1439. 

Henry Gurney of Norwich, who died intestate in 1443, leaving a 
widow, Tiphania.^ 



Norris MSS. Church Collec. Baconsthorpe. 



b Norris MSS. 




3 E 



388 



THOMAS GURNAT I. 



[part II. 



APPENDIX LXVIII. 



ON THE FAMILY OF KBRVILLE. 



The ancient family of Capravilley or Ker- 
ville, were settled, before the reign of Richard 
U at Wiggenhall St. Mary's, Norfolk, where 
they had their seat or residence, of which 
there are still remains. This family was doubt- 
less of Nonnan origin, and came from Chevre- 
yille, in Normandy, in the neighbourhood of 
Mortaigne. They held very large estates in 
West Norfolk, particularly in Marshland. 
After the Reformation they continued of the 
Roman Catholic religion, and Sir Henry Ker- 
ville was accused by Sir Christopher Heydcm, 



Knight, in 1620, of being a bigoted papist ; 
and that the papists met at his boose in order 
to assist the empennr against the King of 
Bohemia, when James I requested a loan for 
the recoyery of the Palatinate, whereupon Kor- 
▼ille was imprisoned, but was afterwards re- 
leased. He was the last male of his fionily. 
In the church of St. Mary*8 is a fine mural 
monument erected to his memory and that of 
his wife.* 

The PdUgree of Kenrille is as follows : 



• Blomeaeld in WiggenhftU St. Manr's. 




fPEDIGBEE 



APP. LXVIII.] 



FAMILY OF KERVIIiLE. 



389 



PEDIGREE 




OF KERVILLE. 



RoBm DB Cafbatilla, temp. Stephen. 



r 

Simon. 



R0OBB.=p. . . 



Waltsb ds Capra villa. 

J 



RoBsaiT OB Capratill, temp. Rich. J. Simon. Robert. Jeffrey ob Chbreyilb. 

Rboinald db Karbtilla, or Kertille, temp. John.=ALicE, dau. of Sir Richard de la Rokeby. 

Sir Frederic db Capratille, Knt. temp. Hen. HI. Robert de Cherbtille. Phiup de Cheretille. 

WiLUAM DE Kbryilb, of Wiggenhall.==. . . . 

I ' 

William, 21 Edw. I.=t=. . . . 

John db Keryile, 17 Edw. 11.^. • . . 




T 



Edmund Keryil.=^Alic3S, dau. and ooh. of Sir John Tilney, of Qnaplode, in 

Lincolnshire. 



I 






Sir Robert Keryile, ancestor of the John ^ dan. of Thomas Fitz- 

Kerviles of Watlington. His heart Keryilb. I William, Esq. of Maplethorpe 
buried at St. Mary^. I in Lincolnshire. 



Thomas Keryilb, Esq.^MARY, dau. of Gilbert Haultoft, of the Isle of Ely, 






1467. 
r 



1 



Baron of the Exchequer to Henry YI. 




Humphrey, son and heir.^ANNE, dau. of John Finoham, Esq. of Fincham. 
Humphrey, son and heir .np Anne, dau, of Jeffery Cobb, Esq. of Sandringham. 
3. Ed- =Catharine, 1. Tho-^Alice, 2.Wil- 4. Alice ; mar. 1. Sir John 



MUND. dau.ofWil- masKer- 
liam Saun- yille. 
ders, Esq. ; 
mar.2.John 
Spelman, 
Esq.ofNar- 
borough ; 
S. Miles 
Corbet,Esq. 



dau. of 
Sir Henry 
Beding- 
field, of 
Oxbuigh. 



Sir Henry Keryille, Knt^WiNEFRiD, dau. of Sir Anthony 
1620. I Thorold, Knt 

I 

Two children who died in their infancy. 



Bedingfleld ; 2. Sir John 
Sulyard, Knt. 

5. Elizabeth ; mar. Robert 
Boson, Esq. 

6. Eleanor ; mar. — > 
Neal, Esq. 

7. Joan; mar. John Shonld- 
ham, Esq. 

8. Catharine ; mar. ^— - 
Oofwell, Esq. 

9. Margaret ; mar. 1. 
Nicholas Dean, of Wig- 
genhall, Qent, ; 2. John 
Shoreditch, or Bexwell, 
Esq. of Bexwell. 

10. Mary. 



From the Norrii BfSS. and Blomefield in St. Mazy Wiggenhall 



390 



THOMAS OURNAY I. 



[part II. 



APPENDIX LXIX. 



ON CRESTS. 



The crest was made of light wood carved, or 
of leather, and fastened to the helmet. 

The principal application of crests was in 
jousts or hastiludes, when the shield was not 
worn. Originally crests were conceded by 
Royal grant to a very few persons. They are 
not held to be absolutely hereditable, but may 
be assumed.* 

There is no mention of the cap of mainte- 
nance, as afterwards used by the family, in this 
crest of Thomas Gumey. 

Wreathes and scrolls were rarely used with 
crests at first. Caps of maintenance were con- 
fined to royal alliances till after the time of 
Robert Cooke Clarenceux, who lived in the 
reign of Elizabeth, and granted them to private 
families. We know not at what period the cap 
of maintenance was added to the crest of the 
West Barsham Gumeys. 

* DalUway's Heraldry, p. 387. 



It is very possible 
that Robert Cooke 
Clarenceux may have 
granted the use of 
caps of maintenance 
to private families in 
consequence of their 
being related to Queen 
Elizabeth, to whom it 
should be remembered 
many gentlemen's fa- 
milies were near rela- 
tions through her mo- 
ther Anne Boleyn. Of 
this number was An- 
thony Gumey, who 
lived in her reign, whose maternal g^randmother 
was a Boleyn. 





mmk^ 




391 



THOMAS GURNAY II. 

Son and heir of the before-mentioned Thomas Gumey, Esq. was of West 
Barsham, and in 1465 presented to the church of Harpley, and to Depden 
in Suffolk m 1467.'' 

He married Margaret^ daughter of Sir Thomas Jemegan, or Jeming- 
ham, of Somerle3rton in Suffolk, Knight, by whom he had issue, 1. Wil- 
liam, his son and heir; 2. John ; 3. Edmund. (App. LXX.) 

He is frequently mentioned in the Paston Letters, edited by Sir John 
Fenn. 

John Jemjnigham, in a letter to his cousin Margaret Paston, dated 
Calais, Corpus Christi day, 1458 (Thursday, 1 June, 36 Henry VI.), says, 
" No more at this time but that it please you to recommend me unto my 
right reverend and worshipful cousin your husband, and to mine uncle 
Goumey, and to mine aunt his wife, and to all good masters and friends 
where it shall please you."^ 

Again, in a letter from Margaret Paston to her husband, dated Soul- 
mass day (All Souls) 1466, 5 Edward IV. " Item, my brother and Play- 
ters were with Calthorpe to enquire of the matter that ye wrote to me of; 
what answer he gave them they shall tell you. I sent the parson of 
Heylesdon to Gumey to speak to him of the same matter, and he saith 
faithfully there was no such thing desired of him, and though he had been 
desired he would neither have said nor done against you ; he said he had 
ever found you loving and faithful to him, so he said he would be to you 
to his power, and desiring me that I would not think him the contrary." ^ 

In another of the Paston Letters, viz. one from Margaret Paston to her 
husband, dated Norwich, 18 January 1463-4 (3 Edw. IV.), is an account 



• Tanner's MSS. in the Bishop's Office. Norris MSS. 

^ Fenn's Paston Letters, vol. i. p. 161. <^ Ihid. vol. iv. p. 237. 



392 THOMAS GURNAY II. [PART II. 

of a murder committed by a Thomas Gomey and his man. Sir John 
Fenn is of opinion that it was not the Thomas Gumey of whom we are 
treating^ but we are inclined to think that it was the same person^ in 
which we are confirmed by his subsequent donations to religious houses. 
The occurence may be accounted for by the disturbed state of the times 
from the contentions of the rival houses of York and Lancaster^ which 
produced numerous feuds among private families. The letter is from 
Margaret Paston to her husband, dated Norwich, Wednesday, 18 January 
1463, and is as follows :^ '^ Skipworth shall tell you such tidings as beeth 
in this country, and of Thomas Gome and his man ; himself is clerk 
convict, and his man is hanged ; ye shall hear hereafter what they and 
others were purposed to have done to their master.*' 

The following extract from one of these old letters, from Thomas Flay- 
ters to John Paston, Esq. explains the crime committed by this person 
and his servant. January 1 463 (3 Edw. lY.) : " Please your mastership 
to wete, that as for my lord of Norwich cosyn's deth, Thomas Gumay's 
man hath confessed that he slew hym, by commandment of his master, 
and confessed over, that y® same dager he slew hym wyth he kest (cast) it 
in a sege (sedge or marsh), which is founded and taken al to-bowyd (bent 
together), for he cowde not breke it, and in prison is both he and his 
master."*' 

This Thomas Gumey was a benefactor to several religious houses, espe- 
cially by legacies ; amongst others to the priory at Walsingham, which 
was then a house of great consideration, and to which Edmund Gumay 
and John Gumay Y. had also been benefactors, doubtless from their 
residence at West Barsham being near to Walsingham. 

By his testament, dated 18 March 1469, Thomas Gumay II. directed to 
be buried in the chancel of the church of St. Lawrence at Harpley, if he 
died there, or in the church of the Friars Minors in Norwich, if he died 
there. He gave to the said Friars 40^. ; to the Friars preachers, Angus* 
tines, and Carmelites at Norwich, to each house 20^. ; to the chapel of the 



* Fenn's Paston Letters, vol. iv. p. 153. ^ Ibid. 




DOORWAY AND TOMB PROBABLY OF THOMAS GCRNAY II. 
IN CHANCEL OP UARPLEY CHURCH. 

By will he directs to be buried there if he dies at Harpley, and the tomb is of his date. 



A.D. 1469. J HIS TBSTAMBNT AND WILL. 393 

Axmundatdon of the Blessed Virgin at Walsingham his gold ring with a 
turkeys set in it; to every resident and householder at West Barsham 13e^.; 
to every resident at Harpley and Depden 6d. ; to his wife Margaret all his 
utensils and furniture of whatsoever kind ; half of them to go to his eldest 
son William after her deaths if he confirms the settlements upon his 
brothers John and Edmund, and if he conducts himself with fidelity, 
humility, and filial piety towards his mother, otherwise his said mother 
Margaret to dispose of the said furniture and utensils. 

To the high altar of St. Gregory's at Norwich 6*. 8d. ; to the repair of 
the church there 40*. ; to Thomas Seafoul his godson, whom he received 
at the holy font, 6*. 8d. ; also to the repair of the vestments of the church 
at Depden 20*. ; to John Bernard, of the order of Friars Minors at Nor- 
wich, his confessor, 1 1*. to pray for him. 

He appoints his wife, John Jemygan, Esq. and Edmund Bokenham, Esq. 
executors, and John Heydon supervisor. 

By his last wiU,» dated at Norwich, 20 March, 9 Edw. IV. (1468-9), he 
would first that all the grants made either by himself or by his feoffees by 
his direction should be firm and stable, and in particular the annuities 
granted to John aod Edmund his sons out of the manor of Depden ; also he 
gave to the prior and convent of Walsingham, towards their buildings there, 
that they might have him and his wife in special memory on their bede- 
roll, as a brother and sister, £10 ; further he ordered all his rents, lands, 
tenements, and services, called Swathings, in Hardingham, which he had 
lately bought of Katharine Sturmer ; and also all his lands, tenements, &c. 
in Norwich, to be sold to fulfil his will, and other pious purposes for his 
soul and the soul of Margaret his wife. By a subsequent clause he recites 
that he had agreed with his son William touching the said premises, and 
that William should pay 20 marks immediately after his decease for his 
funeral charges ; to the said Margaret his wife £5 every year at the Feast 
of the Translation of the Holy Martyr St. Thomas {k Becket), until the 
sum of £40 should be discharged to Margaret his wife, by the said William, 
for which he was to give her security. That Margaret his wife should 

* It is to be observed, the will of Thomas Gurnay is dated two days after the testameDt. 



394 



THOMAS GURNAY II. 



[part II. 



have all the furniture, linen, and woollen cloths, and other goods which 
were given her during her life, and were made by her own work, or that 
of her servants, and were acquired by her for her own use.* 
The will was proved 27 July, 1471 . (App. LXXI.) 
The house spoken of in this will was in St. Gregory's parish. 
It is remarkable that John Goumey or Gumey, the immediate ancestor 
of the present family of the Gumeys of Keswick, resided in an ancient 
house in this parish of St. Gregory's at Norwich, in the reign of Charles II., 




HOUSE IN ST. G&EGO&Y'S PARISH, NORWICH. 



* Reg. Jekkys, fol. 21 1 b. in the Bishop's Office at Norwich. 



A.D. 1471.] 



HIS HOUSE IN NORWICH. 



396 



and it seems possible that the house of this Thomas Gumay II. may have 
been the same^ and may have descended to this younger branch of the 
Gumeys. This house was lately the Three Pigeons tayem. It faces what 
was called Charing Cross^ between two streets formerly called Nether and 
Over Westwyk, (now, I believe. Upper and Lower St. Lawrence Street,) and 
appears formerly to have extended back, so as to have been originally 
quadrangular. 

Margaret, the wife of Thomas Gumay, was niece to and legatee in the 
will of Elizabeth, widow of Robert White of Shottesham, dated 1442, which 
Elizabeth was daughter of William Appleyard, Esq. and sister of Joan, wife 
of Sir Thomas Jernegan of Somerleyton.* She continued the widow of 
Thomas Gumey, Esq. and as such, together with her son William, pre- 
sented to the church of Depden in Suffolk, in 1471 and 1476.^ 



CoTEMPORARY. — Johu Gumcy of Pilby left a small legacy, in 1465, for 
the repair of the chapel of St. John there.*^ 



• Noma MS8. in Tunstead, p. 59. 
c Reg. Cobalde, f. 30 d. Norris MSS. 



b Ibid. 




3 F 



396 



THOMAS GURNAY II. 



[part II. 



APPENDIX LXX. 



The very ancient family of Jernygan or Jer- 
ningham was seated in Suffolk as early as the 
conquest, if not before, being said to descend 
fit)m one of King Canute's captains. Their 
principal manors were Horham and Stonham 
Jemygan. They settled at Somerleyton in the 
Idth century, where they continued until the 
extinction of the elder branch of the family in 
the reign of James I. They bore for arms, 
Argent, three buckles gules. 

Sir Henry Jemingham, vice-chamberlain 
and master of the household to Queen 



Mary, was presented 
by her with the manor 
of Cossey in Norfolk, 
and from him is de- 
scended the present 
family of the Jeming- 
hams,* the head of 
which is the present 
Lord SUffonL The 
descents of this noble fiimily are so well known 
that I do not subjoin a pedigree of them. 




JERNINOHAM. 



APPENDIX LXXI. 



The Testament and Will of Thomas Gur- 
nay ILy extracted from the registry of the 
Bishop of Norwich, Reg, Jekkysy 211 i. 

In Dei nomine Amen, xviii** Die mensis 
Marcii, Anno Domini M^cccc^xix** et Anno 
Edwardi IV. nono. Ego Thomas Gumay, senior, 
Armiger, compos mentis et bone memorie condo 
testamentum meum in hunc modum. In primis 
lego animam meam Deo omnipotenti, beate Marie 
Virgini et omnibus Sanctis, corpusque ad sepe- 
liendum infra cancellum ecclesie imrochialis 
Sancti Laurencii martyris de Harple, si me 
ibidem obire contingat, vel in ecclesia fratrum 
minorum Norwici si me ibidem obire contingat. 
Item lego summo altari ecclesie de Harple xiiif . 
m\d. Item lego summo altari ecclesie de West 
Barsham y\s. viiic^. Item lego cuilibet residenti 
et tenenti domum sue familie, vocato housholdeTy 



infra Westbarsham xiic^. Item lego tenentibus 
et residentibus in Harple et Depden, vis. cuilibet 
housholder vid. Item lego ad repamdonem 
domus fratrum minorum Norwici xl#. Item 
cuilibet domui fratrum Augustinorum, Predica- 
torum et Carmelitarum Norwici ad reparacionem 
domorum suarum jxs* Item leg^ ad reparaci- 
onem et sustentationem domus fratrum mino- 
rum de Walsingham xk. Item capelle Annun- 
ciationis beate Marie de Walsingham annulmn 
meum aureum cum uno pretioso lapide vocato 
unum turkeys in eodem annulo impresso post 
mortem meam ibidem oblaturum. Item lego 
Margarite uxori mee omnia alia jocalia et uten- 
silia mea quecunque et cujuscunque generis 
existunt ad ejus proprios 
usus, toto cum apparatu onmium vestimentorum 

* Blomefleld, in Cossey. 



APP. LXXI.] 



HIS TESTAMENT AND WILL. 



397 



corporis mei, exoepto eo ad assignatum meum 
reservato. Item volo quod si Willelmas filius 
mens de bona fidelitate, humilitate et filiatate 
gessit se erga dictam Margaritam matrem suam 
et ei in omnibus concessionibus meis tam eidem 
Margarite matri sue quam fratribus suis filiis 
nostris dictorum Thome et Margarite per cartas 
conoessitis et factis obedierit, et pro posse suo 
eas concessiones maintenerit ; tunc idem Wil- 
lelmus si dictam matrem suam supervixit habeat 
post mortem ejusdem Margarite medietatem 
omnium eorundem utensilium et jocalium occu- 
pabi]i asu non consumptorum ; et aliter uon ; sed 
eadem Margarita habeat tunc inde plenariam 
▼oluntatem et dispositionem. Item lego sum- 
mo altari ecclesie St. Gregorii in Norwico pre- 
dicto vif. viiid. Item lego ad reparacionem 
ejusdem ecclesie xU. Residuum vero honor um 
meorum non legatorum do et lego bone dispo- 
sicioni dicte Margarite uxoris mee, Johannis 
Jemygan Armigeri et Edmundi Bokenham, 
quos ordino facio et constituo hujus testameuti 
mei et ultimo voluntatis mee executores meos, 
ut ipsi fideliter bona mea dispouant et debita et 
legationes meas persolvant et meam ultimam 
voluntatem perimpleaut sicut ipsi pro illis in 
dicto casu disponere vellent; et l^o cuilibet 
dicto Johanni Jemegan et Edwardo Bokenham 
pro onere hujus testamenti sumendo et labore 
Buo, ultra expensus suas rationabiles^ quinque 
marcas. Eorundem autem testiraenti et volun- 
tatis ordino et constituo Johannem Heydon 
supervisorem. Et lego eidem Johanni pro aux- 
ilio et concilio suo dictis executoribus meis pre- 
bendis quinque marcas. Item lego cuidam 
Thome Sefoul filiolo meo quem de sancto fonte 
recepi vL». Ymd. Item lego ad reparacionem 
sen vestimentorum renovationem ecclesie de 
Depden xx#. Item lego Johanni Bernard 
ordinb minorum Norwid confessori meo ad 



orandum pro me xU. Item lego Thome Davy 
servient! meo jxs. Item lego Roberto Stenton 
xms. iii]d. Item lego Willelmo Wolwyk et 
uxori ejus xiiif. m}d. In cujus rei testimonium 
huic presenti testamento meo sigillum meum 
apposui. Datum die et anno snpradictis. 

HsBC est ultima voluntas mei Thome Gumay 
Sen. Armigeri facta apud Norwicum xx^ die 
Marcii Anno Regni Regis Edwardi quarti 
nono. In primis volo quod omnes concessiones 
et annuitates per me seu feoffatos meos ad in- 
stantiam meam, per cartas confectas, stabiles 
sint et officiales juxta formam earundem conces- 
sionum, et precipue annuitates Johanni et Ed- 
mundo filiis meis per cartas separatas extra 
manerio meo de Depden exeuntes sub sigillo 
meo concessas juxta formam earundem conces- 
sioniun, stabiles et rate sint in omnibus. Item 
volo quod prior et conventus ecclesie beate 
Marie de Walsyngham habeant ad construc- 
tionem operura ejusdem prioratus, ut me et 
uxorem meam in specialiorem memoriam habe- 
rent ut fratrem et sororem capituli, x^ , Item 
volo quod expendantur in constructionem aut 
vestinientomm renovacionera ecclesie de Harple, 
xb. Item volo quod expendantur in repara- 
tiouem seu vestimentorum renovacionem ecclesie 
de West Barsham^ xU. Item volo quod omnes 
ille terre et teuementa, redditus et 

mea vocata Swathyng in Hardyng- 
ham que nuper empsi de Katharina Sturmur 
et etiam omnes terre et tenementa mea cum suis 
pertinentiis in Norwico vendantur per execu- 
tores meos et quod inde 

pervenientes disponantur in 
executionem testamenti mei et ultimo volun- 
tatis mee et in alios pios usus celebrandos pro 
anima mea et anima dicte Margarite et pro 
quibus tenemur. Quicquid mearum terrarum 
reddituum et omnes post hujus mei testamenti et 



398 



THOMAS 6URNAT II. 



[PAJIT II, 



ultime Tolimtatis mee confecdonem in bona 
memoria mea eiiatens (lego) Willelmo filio 
pro octoginta mams bone et legalis monete 
Anglie. Item quod Bolvat dictb execatoribus 
meis et presertim dicte Margarite uxori mee 
XX. marcas legalis monete expensuras drca 
funeralia mea £&cienda; et in festo transla- 
tionis Sancti Thome Martyris extonc proximo 
et immediate sequenti oentom Bolidos et sic de 
anno in annum ad quemlibet festum transla- 
tionis Sancti Thome indilate ci. legalis monete 
Anglie quo usque summum xl. librarom l^ralis 
monete predicte plenarie persolvat ; et quod idem 
Willelmus filius mens de promissis solyendis 
fadat eidem uxori mee suffidentem securitatem* 
Item volo quod dicta Margarita uxor mea 
habeat omnia jocalia, pannos laneos et lineos et 
alia bona que eidem uxori mee fuerunt tempore 



yite mee concessa data et asaignata, et que eK 
ejus labore aut servientom sacrum foanasX et 
sunt adquisita, ad usum proprinm, quod dicti 
Johannes et Edmundus executores mei preno- 
minati de iisdem jocalibus, pannb laneis ei 
lineb ant aliis bonis ut prefertur, nolle modo se 
intermitterint sed uxorem meam 

de iisdem liberam dispositioiiem 

habere permittant Datum loco, die, mense et 
anno Domini supradictb. 

Probatnm fuit presens testamentom una com 
ultima yoluntate ddem annexata apud Nor?i-r 
cum coram nobis, offido oonsoeto Domini 
Norwioends Episcopi et per nos approbatom et 
insumatum ac pro xvii. die 

mensis Julii, Anno Domini M^cccc^LXXI^ 
&c. &c« &c 



i 




399 



WILLIAM GURNEY IV. 

Son of Thomas Gumey and Margaret Jemingham his wife, is styled of 
West Barsham. He and his wife occur as legatees in the will of Alianor 
C!ountess of Arundel : *' Ego Alianora Ciomitissa Arundel • — Item lego 
Willelmo Gumay et Agneti uxori ejus 4 lib. sterling." ^ He presented to 
the church of Depden jomtly with his mother in 1471, the year of his 
father's death. In the 14 Edward IV. 1474, he was party to a fine of the 
manor of Sprowston as a trustee for Walter Aslak, Esq.^ 

In 1475 he occurs as a feoffee for John Wyndham of Felbrigg, Esq.** 

In 1476 he presented again jointly with his mother to the church of 
Depden in Suffolk. 

In 1485 he presented his son Christopher Gumey, clerk, to the church 
of Harpley, and in the same year he is mentioned as lord of the manor of 
Welbum.® 

The same year he and his wife gave in trust the manor of Swathings to 
Henry Gray, Knight, and Robert Drury, Esq.' 

Sciant presentes, &c. quod nos Willelmus Gumey Armiger filius et heres 
Thomse Gumey armigeri, et Anna uxor dicti Willelmi ac filia Willelmi 
Calthorp militis, dimissimus manerium nostrum de Swathings in Harding- 
ham Henrico Gray militi et Roberto Drury armigero. Dat. 2 R. III. (1485.) 

He was one of the escheators for Norfolk in the reign of Edward IV. 

The escheator was an ancient officer, so called, because his duty was to 
look to the escheats, wardships, and other casualties accruing to the 
cjx)wn. In ancient times there were two escheators in England, one north. 



• Reg. Stockton, foL 23, 20 July, 1455. 

«> Dodsworth MSS. vol xxii. fol. 22 a. Lansdowne MSS. No. 227. 

^ Kirkpatrick MS. Collec. quoted by Norris. 

<i Test. Johan. Wyndham, Reg. Gelour, F. 116. Norris MSS. 

e Tanner's MSS. Bishop's Office. In Norris MSS. ^ Harl. MSS. 970, p. 9. 



400 



WILLIAM GURNBY IV. 



[part II. 



the other south of Trent ; but in the reign of Edward 11. several escheators 
were made for life in every county; and by the 14 Edward III. it was 
enacted, that there should be one in each county who should be in office 
for a year, and by another statute he was to be in office once in three 
years : the Lord Treasurer naming him. — Coke*s First Institute, 13 n. B. 

William Goiuney married Anne, only daughter of Sir William Calthorpe, 
of Bumham, Knight, by his lady, the daughter of the Lord Grey of Ruthyn. 
(App. LXXII.) 

His arms, impaling Calthorpe, were in the windows 
of Gurney*s Place in Norwich ; the glass is now at Kes- 
wick. 

He and his wife were both living in 1494, and lega- 
tees in the will of Sir William Calthorpe, dated this 
year.* 

Tliey had issue: 1. William, his son and heir, who 
died in his father's lifetime, leaving issue ; 2. Walter ; 3. Thomas ; 4. Chris- 
topher, a priest; 5. Elizabeth, married to Clement Herward^ Esq. of 
Aldborough in Norfolk.** 

The nth Henry VII. 1496, William Gumey granted land at Qey next 

the Sea to his son Walter.^ In the 13th Henry 
VII. William Giuney, Esq. senior, enfeoffed 
William Gumey, junior, Esq. of lands in Dun* 
ton. He is mentioned as lord of the manor of 
Harpley in a computus of the cellarer of Nor- 
wich. 

His seal, ^' sometimes a wrestling collar in an 
enamelled ring.^** Thisbadge orcrest was in glass, 
in the window of West Barsham church, and is now removed to Keswick."" 





b Noras MSS. 



• Reg. Woolman, F- 206. 

^ Blomefield in West Barsham. Norris MSS. 

d Sir H. Spelman. Gumey Pedigree. 

e Ring seals were common at this period. William Gumey's enamelled ring, with his seal and 
his badge, must have been in possession of the family when Frands Gumey gave the Pedigree to 
Sir H. Spehnan in 1639. 



A. D. 1496.] 



THB WRESTLING COLLAR. 



401 



Badges, many of which were knots of 
different sorts, prevailed about this 
period. Of these, the knots of the 
Bourchiers, Staffords, and Veres are 
best known.* The wrestling collar was 
placed round the neck of the wrestler, 
and held by the adversary. It was tied 
in a slip knot. 

Of this William Gumay IV. mention 
is frequently made in the Paston Let- 
ters. In a letter from John Paston,^ 
Knight, to his brother, John Paston, 
Esq. dated Calais, Monday, 14 April, 
147r, 14th Edward IV. we find that William Gurney was negotiating 
the marriage between John Paston and Margery Brews.*^ 




TWO MEN W&ESTLINO WITH WRESTLING COLLARS. 
FROM BTRUTT'S SPORTS AND PASTIMES, PLATE YI, 



" To John Paston, Esq. 

" Right worshipful and heartily beloved brother, I recommend me to 
you, letting you to weete, that as by Peirse Moody when he was here I 
had no leisure to send answer in writing to you and to my cousin Gumaye 
of your letters, but for a conclusion ye shall find me to you as kind as I 
may be, my conscience and worship saved, which, when I speak with you 
and them, ye both shall well imderstand ; and I pray God send you as 
good speed in that matter as I would ye had, and as I hope ye shall have 
ere this letter come to you ; and I pray God send you issue between you 
that may be as honourable as ever was any of your ancestors and theirs, 
whereof I would be as glad in manner as of mine own ; wherefore I pray 
you send me word how ye do ; and if God fortune me to do well, and be 
of any power, I will be to Sir Thomas Brewes and my lady his wife a very 



• Dallaway's Heraldry, p. 396. 

** Brothers of the same christian name frequently occur in ancient times. 



^ Fenn's Paston Letters, vol. ii. p. 245. 



402 WILLIAM QURNEY IV. fPART IT. 

son in law for your sake, and take them as ye do, and do for them as if I 
were in ease like with them as ye be," &c. 

Again, in a letter dated 23rd January, 1469, from John Paston to his 
brother Sir John Paston.* 

" Item, yesterday W, Gomey entered into Saxthorpe, and there was he 
keeping a court, and had the tenants attoumed to him ; but ere the court 
was all done, I came thither with a man with me and no more, and there be- 
fore him and all his fellowship, Gayne, Bomstead, &c« I charged the tenants 
that they should proceed no further in their court upon pain might &11 of 
it ; and they letted for a season, but they saw that I was not able to make 
my party good, and so they proceeded further. I saw that, and sat me 
down by the steward and blotted his book with my finger as he wrote, so 
all the tenants affirmed that the court was interrupted by me as in your 
right, and I requested them to record that there was no peaceable court 
kept, and so they said they would." 

Crepping's manor in Saxthorpe had been purchased by John Giurnay II. 
(see page 347), and was possessed by the family afterwards ; this, how- 
ever, from the letter just quoted, appears to have been disputed by the 
Pastons. (App. LXII. page 347.) 

This William Giuney was of council to the Duke of Norfolk. This 
council of the Duke of Norfolk, like that of other great barons, was similar 
to that of the King when he was surrounded by his privy council op coun-< 
sellers of state. In this assembly all matters relative to the disputes be- 
tween his vassals and dependants were heard and determined. Orders 
and regulations respecting his own possessions were debated, and even his 
domestic affairs settled.^ 

William Gumey's intimate connection with the family of the Duke of 
Norfolk appears in a letter fix)m Margery Paston to her husband.^ 

'' Sir, on Saturday last past I spake with my cousin Gomey, ^od he 



* Fenn's Paston Letters, vol. iv. p. 423. 

^ Fenn's Paston Letters, vol. v. p, 121, note. ^ Ibid. voL v. p. 293. 



A. D. 1508.] HIS HOUSE IN POCKETHORPE. 403 

said if I would go to my lady of Norfolk and beseech her good grace to 
be your good and gracious lady, she would so be, for he said that one 
word of a woman would do more than the words of twenty men, if I would 
rule my tongue, and speak none harm of mine uncle ; and if ye command 
me so for to do, I trust I shall say nothing to my lady's displeasure, but 

to your profit ; for he thinketh, &c 

I understand by my cousin Gomey 

that my lady is near weary of her part ; and he saith my lady shall come 
in pilgrimage into this town, but he knoweth not whether afore Christmas 
or after, and if I would then get my lady Calthorpe, my mother-in-law, 
my mother and myself, and come before my Lady beseeching her to be 
your good and gracious lady, he thinketh ye shall have an end, for fain 
she would be rid of it with her honor saved, but yet money she would 
have. Dated Norwich, Novr. 1482." 

William Gumay and his wife were legatees in the will of Sir William 
Calthorpe, ult'o Maii 1494, *^ I, William Calthorpe, Knight, bequeth my 
body to be buried in the White freres of Norwich. Item, I will that my 
son William Goumay, and my daughter his wief, have cc moder sheep." ' 

William Gumey's Norwich house was in Pockethorpe, which was ori- 
ginally a suburb of the city, but afterwards formed part of it, including 
the parishes of St. James and St. Paul ; the monastery of the Carmelites 
or Whitefriers was situated in it, where William Gumay directed by will 
he should be buried. 

William Gumay IV. died before the 11th May 1508, when his will was 
proved at Lambeth. It is dated 2nd March 1507, and is as follows : 

*^ In the name of God, Amen. I, William Gumeye, Squyer, of Poke- 
thorpe, by Norwich, the seconde day of the moneth of Marche, in the yere 
of our lord God M^v^vij, make my testament and last will at Pokethorpe 
aforesaide, in this forme folowing. First I comende my soule to almighty 
God, our blissed lady Seynt Mary, and to all the holy company of heven. 
And my bcdy to be buried in the church of White freers, within the per- 



a Dodsworth's MSS. vol. xxii. fol. 64. Lansdowne MSB. Brit. Mus. No. 227, fol. 227. 

3 G 



404 WILLIAM GURNAY IV. [PART II. 

close ' of the same churche. In the which churche I will there be given itt 
almes to poore folks in penys, by the peny meal, xx2t. If to euy preest, 
seculer or reguler, beyng w**in the Citie of Norwich, to remembre me in 
his memeto, iiijrf. K I bequeth to euy Gierke, beyng at my Dirge in a 
surpUs, ud. K I bequeth to e8y of the iiij orders of freers in Norwich xw. 
K I bequeth to the Nonnes of Carowe, xx^. R I bequeth to the prior of 
the Cathedral Church of the holy Trynitie in Norwich, xk. K I bequeth 
to eche of the Susters of Normans,** iiijrf. I? I bequeth to eche house of 
seeke men by Norwich, xxrf. R I bequeth to the Ankeres of Seynt 
Julyans in Norwich, xxrf. R I will that the church of Westbarshm have a 
vestment of grene worsted w* m)m armes and my wiffs in a skochen. R I 
will that ther be at Harple Church made a windowe in the steple w* the 
said armes. R I bequeth to the maide of the saide Ankeres, iiijrf. R I 
bequeth to my Suster Calthorpe, wife to William Calthorpe, Squyer, xls. 
a pe3rre of shetes of iiij yerds in brede, and a white bedde w* curteynes. 
R I bequeth to Ame her daughter, at hir manage, xk. R I bequeth to 
Margaret Dengayn x^^ a federbed and a bolster, a payre of blankettSi a 
payre of shetts, a comett, and a pilowe. R to Margaret Bemey, xxrf. 
R to Qcill Brampton, xxrf. It to William Welles, xlrf. R to Henry 
Broke, xlrf. R to Robert Northfolke, iiij mrs. R to John Wageour, xlf. 
R to Thomas Sweyn, ids. R I will that Thomas Giuney, my sone, have 
an annuitie of x nirke oute of the manoir of Harple during his naturall 
life. And I will that my feoffe3 of and in the said manoir make hym assur 
thereof, as he and his counseill shall devise. And I will that myn execu- 
tors have the profitt of the residue of the said manoir during the terme of 
V yeres.^ R I will that my son Thomas shal have to him and his heires 
and assignc} for e8 all the manoirs, londs, and tents off Skulthorpe, in the 



^ The perclose was the screen which inclosed the square space at the end of an aisle of a 
church, and which generally contained an altar, and was used as a chantry. 

^ Norman *s spital, or hospital, was in the parish of St. Paul's at Norwich, and was so called 
from Norman the monk, its first master, who lived in the twelfth century. 

^ This provision was in consequence of the minority of Anthony Gumey his grandson, who 
succeeded him. 



A. D. 1508.] HIS WILL. 405 

C!ountie of Norfolke, which I have purchaced, which he hath the posses- 
sion and profitts of hy myn assent and aggreement. I! I will have an 
honest preest to synge^and pray for my soule and my wiffs soul by the 
space of three yeres, in the White Preers of Norwich. I! I bequeth to the 
freers of Walsynghm, vi^. viijrf. It I bequeth to the freers of Bumtim^ 
vi*. viijrf. R to the freers of Blackneye, vi^. viijrf. K to the Spitell house 
of Walsynghm, xxrf. R I bequeth to fr John Hogon, preest, vi^* viijrf. R I 
bequeth to the repara£fon of the Churche of Seynt James in Norwich, 
vi^. viijrf. R to the Anker of White freers, vis. viijrf. R I will that there 
remayn at Westbarsfcm, vii^' shepe, and the Residue I give to my son 
Thomas Gumaye. The Residue of all my goodes w^ the detts to me 
owying I comytte into the hands and goode discrecion of my broder Wil- 
liam Calthorpe, and my son Thomas Gumeye, whom I make and orde3me 
mjni executors. And beqth for their labor x mrke. Given the day, yere, 
and place abovesaide. 

'^ Probatum fuit suprascriptum testamentum coram Domino apud 
Lamehith vicesimo die mensis Mali Anno Domini milesimo quinquegesimo 
octavo, juramento Willelmi Calthorpe et Thomae Gumey executorum, &c." * 

William Calthorpe named in this will was William Calthorpe, of Pock- 
thorpe, Esq. son of Sir William Calthorpe, Knight, as appears by his will 
at Norwich. Reg. Attmere 282 a. Will proved 6 June 1528. He leaves 
all his tenements, gardens, &c. in Pockthorpe, to Elizabeth his wife, and 
afterwards to Amy his daughter in fee, and if she died before marriage 
then to pious uses.^ 

William Gumey calls him and his wife brother and sister, he having 
been brother to his wife. The Norwich house of the Calthorpes was at 
this time in Pockthorpe, as well as that of William Gurney IV. 

William Gumey IV. was succeeded in his estates by Anthony Gurney, 
his grandson, then a minor ; William Gumey V. his eldest son, having 
died in his lifetime. 



» From the Registry of the Prerogative Court of Canterbury. 
«» Norris MSS. 



406 



WILLIAM GURNAY IV. 



[part II. 



APPENDIX LXXII. 



ON THB FAMILY OF CALTHORPB. 



1 1 




1 t j 




1 1 




fth^thh 


^ 


r 


1 






7 


\ 


1 






/ 


^ 


V r 




^ 


f 




^ 


^ 


y 


r 





The Calthorpe ^aimily took their name from 
Calthorpe in Norfolk, where they were seated 
immediately after the Conquest ; they assmned 
their arms, Chequy or 
and azure, a fess er- 
mine, as we have be- 
fore stated, from the 
marriage of Sir Wil- 
liam Calthorpe with 
Cecilia^ sister and heir 
to William de Bum- 
ham, alias Warren, or perhaps from holding 
lands under the Earls Warren. 

The original ancestor of the Calthorpes was 
Godric, who was dapifer or steward of the ab- 
bot of Holme about the time of the Conquest, 
a high situation of great trust at that period. 
His descendants bore the names of de Cal- 
thorpe, of Hobbies or de Alto Bosco, and of de 
Suffield, from those several manors which be- 
longed to them. Walter de Suffield, or de 
Calthorpe, who became Bishop of Norwich in 
1244, was one of this family. 



The Calthorpes continued to flourish in Nor- 
folk and Suffolk, and were amongst the most 
distinguished families in those counties for many 
centuries ; the principal branches being seated 
at Bumham, Cockthorp, and East Barsham, in 
Norfolk, and at Ampton in Suffolk. By the 
death of Sir Henry Calthorpe, K.B. in 1788, 
this family became extinct in the male line. His 
sister Barbara married Sir Henry Goug^, of 
Edgebaston, in the county of Warwick, Bart 
whose son was created a peer in 1796, and was 
father of the present Lord Calthorpe. 

Sir William Calthorpe, of Bumham, married 
two wives, Elizabeth, daughter of Lord Grey 
de Ruthyn, and Elizabeth, daughter and heir of 
Sir Miles Stapleton, Knight, and had children 
by both. Ann, the wife of William Gumey IV. 
was by his first wife. 

For further particulars of the fiunily of Cal- 
thorpe see Sir Egerton Brydges' Edition of Col- 
lins's Peerage.* 



* Blomefield in Calthorpe. 
the Noiru MSB. 



Galthoirpe Pedjgree in 



407 



WILLIAM GURNEY V, 



Son of William Gurney IV. and Anne Calthorpe. In the 14 Henry VII. 
(1499), he, by the style of William Gurney, Junior, and Thomas Sefoul, 
Esq. had a grant of the custody of the manors and lands of Roger Wood, 
of East Barsham, from John Earl of Oxford, to whom King Henry VII. 
had granted the custody of the person and lands of William Viscount 
Beaumont.' 

He married Anne, daughter of Sir Henry Heydon, 
of Baconsthorpe, Knt. by Elizabeth, daughter of Sir 
Geoffry Bulleyn, Lord Mayor of London, with whom he 
had the manor of Irsted as her fortune, which had 
been purchased by his father-in-law; his arms, im- 
paling Heydon, viz. Quarterly argent and gules, a 
cross engrailed counterchanged, were in the glass in 
Gurney's place, Norwich. (App. LXXIII.) 
William Gurney occurs as living at Irsted in 1496, when William Idewyn, 
vicar of Barton, appointed him supervisor of his will** ; in 1497 he is also 
mentioned as of Irsted, and he occurs as party to a deed of land in Hove- 
ton St. John, the 12th of Henry VII. 1500 f this year he presented to the 
church of Thuxton. 

In what year he died we do not find, but Sir Henry Spelman says that 
his father survived him. Anne, his widow, presented as such to the church 
of Depden in Suffolk, in 1 505,** which manor must have been settled upon 
her and her husband. In the same year she was a legatee in the will of 
Sir Roger Lestrange, Knt. of Hunstanton, who married her sister. 

" I Roger L'estrange, knight, bequeth my body to be buried in the chaun- 
cell of Hunstanton, &c.® . . K I woll that my syster Heydon, maistres 




* Blomefield in West Barsham. 

^ Cart penes J. Blofield, Esq. Norris MSS. 

d Tanner's Inst. Bishop's Office, yoI. ii. p. 282. Norris MSS. 

e Reg. Adeane, fol. 2, 7 Octr. 1505. 



Reg. Multon, fol. 41. 



408 



WILLIAM GURNEY V. 



[part II. 



Townsend, and my syster Anne Strange, my syster Margaret Strange, and 
my syster Gumay, have eche of them a black gowne/'* 






I 




TOMB OF WILLIAM OURNAT ▼. AT WEST BABSHAM. 



» Dodsworth's MSS. vol. xvii. fol. 102. Lansdowne MSS. No. 227. In a Pedigree of the 



A.D. 1500.] 



HIS TOMB AT WBST BARSHAM. 



409 



William Gumey V. was buried at West Barsham, where there still 
remains an ornamented slab stone to his memory, as appears by the 
indistinct remains of the cross impaling the cross, Gumey and Heydon, in 
the shield in the centre, originally filled up with engrailed crosses in brass. 
The brass which formerly adorned this monument is all gone. 

I find no will of William Gumey V. probably in consequence of his dying 
in the lifetime of his father. He had issue : I . Anthony Gumey, his son 
and heir; 2. Henry, mentioned in Sir Lionel Dymocke's will; 3. C!on- 
stance; 4. Alice; 5. Frances, a daughter mentioned in the will of her 
aunt Dame Anne Heydon ; and 6. Amy. 

Mrs. Anne Gumey, widow of William, married to her second husband 
Sir Lionel Dymocke of Marynge-on-the-Hill, Lincolnshire, Knight, who 
mentions her sons in his will. 

" I, Leon Dymocke, of Marynge-on-the-Hill, in com. Lincoln, Knt.' 
Km I give to Antony Gurnay, my son, one gylt cup. Itm to Henry Gumay, 
my son, x mrks."** 

This Sir Lionel Dymocke was of the same family as the Dymockes of 
Scrivelsby, champions of England, descended from the Lords Marmion. 

2. Walter Gurney of Cley-next-the-Sea, next brother to William Gumay 






Lestranges in the possession of Mr. Styleman Lestrange, Ann L'estrange, 
sister of Sir Roger L'estrange, occurs married to . . . Goumey, and 
the arms of Gumey impaling L'estrange. Quere, whether the lady men- 
tioned in the will of Sir Roger L'estrange was this sister of Sir Roger, 
or his sister-in-law, Mrs Anne Gumey (formerly Heydon), and has not 
a mistake arisen in the L'estrange pedigree from this will ? I have not 
discovered any marriage between any individual of the ancient and dis- 
tinguished family of Lestrange with a Gumay; but the Gumeys of 
West Barsham were, for several generations, very nearly related to the 
Lestranges, by both families intermarrying with the families of Heydon, Calthorpe, Lewkenor, and 
Stubbs. 
• Reg. Ayloff, fo. 23—25 Ap. 1512. 

b Dodsworth MSS. vol. 22, fol. 102 b. See the Monument of Sir Lionel Dymocke engraved 
in Weir's History of Horncastle, page 30, where are the arms of Dymocke impaling Heydon. 
This monument is in Horncastle Church, to which Mar3rnge or Marham-on-the-Hill is an adjoin- 
ing parish. 




410 



WILLIAM 6URNEY V. 



[part II. 



y . waa ancestor of the Gumeys of Cawston and Aylesham, who continued 
at those places for several generations. See an account of his descendants 
at the end of this part of our record. 

3. Elizabeth, his sister, married to Clement Herward, Esq. of Alborougfa 
in Norfolk, before 1483, and was living in 1509. The Herwards were a 
family of great antiquity and considerable estate. (App LXXIY.) 

4. Thomas Gumey, who had an annuity left him by his father from 
Harpley, and lands in Sculthorpe; he was ancestor of the Gumeys of 
Dartmouth in Devonshire, and of Richard Gumey, Sheri£F of London in 1 690, 
and of Sir Thomas Gumey, Knight, High Sheriff of Essex in 1622. See 
an account of his descendants at the end of this second part of this 
record. 

5. Christopher, a priest, presented by his grandfather, Sir William 
Calthorpe, to the living of Hempstead in Happing, in 1485, and the same 
year by his father, William Gumey, Esq. to that of Harpley. This last 
benefice became vacant in 1511, which was probably the year of his death. 




V 



^ 




?/F.rl.i7 



SLAB AT WEST BARSIIAM. 410* 

The engraving at page 408 of the slah at West Barsham is a great mistake, 
the shield, on a closer examination, being six gloves instead of a cross im- 
paling a cross, and therefore unquestionably a monument of one of the 
Wauncys, probably of Sir William do Wauncy, Avho was knight of the shire 
for Norfolk 15 Edward III., and died before 1357 (see page 385). I insert 
an engraving of this monument as it appears on a more accurate investiga- 
tion. It is not, therefore, a monument of either William Gumey V. as I 
supposed, nor of Edmund Gumay as I conjecture at page 791. 



I am also in error at page 447 with regard to the monument of Francis 
Gumey at Irstead, as it appears by Henry Gmnay's register, page 889 of 
Record, that he was buried at Great EUingham. I think it likely that the 
tomb formerly at Irstead was commemorative of William Gm'ney V., as he 
acquired that manor by marriage with Ann Ileydon (see page 876), but the 
inscription being gone when it was seen by Mr. Norris, it is imi30ssible to 
decide accurately whose monument it is. 



APP. LXXIII.J 



HETDON OF BACON8THORPB. 



411 



APPENDIX LXXIII. 



ON THE FAMILY OF HEYDON. 



The family of the Heydons take their name 
from the town of Heydon in Norfolk. 

Thomas de Heydon was a justice itinerant 
in 1221 ; his descendants resided at Heydon 
and Baconsthorpe for many generations, and 
were among the leading families of the 
county: they became 
extinct during the civil 
wars in the 17th cen- 
tury.* They bore 
for arms, Quarterly 
argent and gules, a 
cross engrrailed coun- 
terchanged. 

Sir Henry Heydon, Knt whose daughter 
William Gumey married, was steward to the 
household of Cecilia Duchess of York, widow 
of Richard Duke of York, and mother of Ed- 
ward IV. He built the manor-house at Bacons- 

* Blomefield in Baconsthorpe. 




thorpe, a sumptuous pile.t He married Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Sir Geoffrey Boleyn, Knt. 
(great-grandfather of Queen Anne Boleyn,) 
Lord Mayor of London, by whom he had issue 
three sons, and five daughters, viz. 

1. Amy, married Sir Roger L'Estrange of 
Hunstanton Hall. 

2. Dorothy, married Sir Thomas Brooke, 
son and heir of John Lord Cobham. 

3. Elizabeth, married Walter Hobart, of 
Hales Hall, in Loddon, Esq. 

4 Anne, married William Gumey, Esq. 

5. Bridget, married Sir William Paston, 
Knight. 

These ladies were through their mother 
nearly related to Queen Anne Boleyn. 

f The house at BaconBthorpe is now a perfect ruin ; 
it was a quadrangular house, with a gate-house about 
fifty yards in firont, which is now turned into a fkrm- 
house. In the church are some interesting monuments 
of the Heydons, and some good painted glass (1832). 




3h 



PEDIGREE 



412 



WILLIAM QURNKY V. 



[part II. 



PEDIGREE 




OF HEYDON. 



WilxuM Hetdon, of HeydoD, Esq, 



J.. 



William Hetdon, Eaq. ion and heir, temp, Edw. I, 



T- 



Richard. Thomas, ob. 1370. Simon Hetdon, Eaq. temp. Edw. 11.^. 



J- 



Sir Richard Hetdon, Knt. died in the wars 
in France temp. Edw. III. 



David Hetdon, E0q,y=Mai:gai«t. 
son and heir. 



T 



Hugh Hetdon, Eaq. of He7don=?=ALiC£, dan. of Leonard, of Heydon, Gent. 

WiLLiAH Hetdon, of Hoydon, Esq.=T=l8ABELL, dau. of John Moore, of Norwich, Gent. temp. Richard IL 

I 

Robert Hetdon, £Isq.=|=CECiLT, dau. and heiress to Roger Oulton, of Oulton, in Norfolk, 



of Heydon. 



'T 



Councillor at Law, temp. Hen. IV. 



William Hetdon, of Baconsthorpe, Esq. He purchased the Manor of^T=JANE, dau. and heiress of John Wazren, 
Baconsthorpe, and made it the seat of his family temp. Hen. V. of Lincolnshire. 

I ' ' 

John Hetdon, Esq. ob. 1479, built Heydon^s Chapel, in Norwich=pELEANOB, dau. of Edmund Winter, of 



Cathedral, was a fitvourite of Henry VI., and a Lancastrian. 



T 



Bamingham, Esq. 



Sir Henrt Hetdon, Knt. built Baconsthorpe=^EuzABETH (some say Anne), dau. of Sir Geoffirey Bol^yn, 



Hall, &c. ob. 1503. 



orpe^. 



of London, Knt. 



Bridget, marr. Sir Sir John HETDON,Knt.=y:CATHARiNE, dau. of Elizabeth, marr. Walter Hobart, of H«l«i 



William Paston, a great courtier and ex- 

of Paston, Knt. pender in his fathor^s 

Anne, marr. Wil- time. After, a great 

liam Gumoy, Esq. husband. Ob. 1651, »t. 

of West Barsham. 82. 



^1 I I ' 
George. 



SirChristopherWU- Hall, Esq. 
loughby, Lord Wil- Dorotht, marr. Sur Thomas Brooke, son and 
loughbyof Parham, heir of Lord Cobham. 
ob. 1542. Amt, mar. Sir Roger L^Estrange, of Hunftanton, 

Knt. 



Thomas, marr , and had a dau. pherHetdon, 

and heir. Knt. 

EuzABETH, marr. Thomas Darcye, of 
Tolston Darcye, Essex, Esq. 

Anne, marr. Edward Sulyard, Esq. 



Sir CnRiSTO-=T=ANNE,dau.of Sir 



John Hevening- 
ham, of Ketter- 
ingham, Knt. 



Eleanor, marr. to John Towmhend, 
Esq. son and heir of Sir Roger 
Townshend, of Rainham, Knt. 

Margert, marr. Everard Digby, of 
Rutlandshire. 

Ursula. 



SirChristopher Hetdon, Knt. of Baconsthorpe,^ Anne, dau. of Wil- Catharine, mar. Mart, mar. Roger 



the great housekeeper of Norfolk ; 3 w. Temper- 
ance, dau. of Sir Simon Carew, Knt. ; 3 w. 
AoNBS, dau. Robert Crane, of Chilton, in Suffolk. 



liam Drewry, of Sir Miles Corbet, Wyndham, son and 
Hawsted, in Suf- of SprowBton,Knt. heir of Sir Edmund 
folk. Wyndham, Knt. 



Jane. 



Henrt. 
Christopher. 



Sir WiLLiAM=?=ANNE,dau. ofSir Mart, mar. Tho- Ursula, mar. Elizabeth, mar. 



Hetdon, Knt. 
ob. 1594. 



Sir John, Knt. 
8. p. 



William Wood- mas Blennerhas- Roger Towns- JohnWentworth, 
house of Hick- set, of Barsham, hend, Esq. s. p. of Mountneys, 
ling, Knt. Suffolk, Esq. Essex, Esq. 



William, killed Sir Christopher Hetdon, Knt. mar.=T=ANN, dau. and coheir of John Dodge, 



in France. 



1598. 



T 



Esq. ob. 1642. 



Sir John Hetdon, of Baconsthorpe, Lieut.-G«n. of th( 
Ordnance to Charles I. living 1646. 






:MiRABELLA, dau. and coheir of Sur Thomas Ryrett, 
Knt. Merchant, of London. 



William Hetdon, Gent. ob. 1689, s.p. 
and was the last male of the £Bunily. 



. . Hetdon, Esq. eldest 
son, ob. s. p. masc. 



Mirabella, bom 1646, mar 
renoe Lomaz, of Eye, Esq. db. 



The above pedigree is chiefly taken from the Norris MSS. 



APP. LXXIV.] 



HERWARD OF ALDBOROUGH. 



413 



APPENDIX LXXIV. 



ON THE FAMILY OF HERWARD. 



The Herwards of Aldborough, near Cromer, 
were a family of considerable antiquity and 
large possessions in that part of Norfolk. They 
became extinct in the 16th centary, and their 
property descended to the Parkers of Honing, 
an ancient family there seated.* Their manor- 
hoose at Aldborough was very large, in a small 
part of which, remaining in the lime of Mr. 
Norris, were stiU in the windows, amongst 
other coats, the following : Herward, Azure, a 
fess gobonn6 gules and vert, between three owls 
argent. Gumey, Argent, a cross engrailed 
grules. 




* Blomefield in Aldborough. 



Clement Herward, of Aldeburgh, Esq. by 
his will, dated 16 October, 1509, and proved 
2 August, 1510, directed to be buried in the 
church there.f To Robert, his son, he gave his 
manor of Aldeburgh, but Elizabeth his wife 
to have the new lodgings there above, from end 
to end, and to have meat and drink for herself 
and two servants as long as she pleased to con- 
tinue there ; his executors, after the decease of 
the said Elizabeth his wife, to receive the issues 
and profits of his manors. To Philip, his son, 
if he will be a priest, £10 or more, to purchase 
him a licence to be a priest before his years, 
and to get him a plurality ; J if he will not be 
a priest, then to bind him apprentice. To his 
daughter Wynter, 20 ewes. His son-in-law, 
Henry Wynter, to have all his wethers at 
Michs. at £^ a hundred. 

Executors : Elizabeth his wife, Robert Her- 
ward his brother, Robert and Henry his sons ; 
Supervisor, Sir John Heydon, Knt. 

t Reg. Splyttymbre, 287a. Norrig MSS. 
X Philip Herward was Rector of Stiffkey. 



414 




ANTHONY GURNEY, 

Son of William Gumey V. by Anne Heydon, his wife, and heir of his 
grandfather William IV. He occurs as presenting to the church at 
Harpley in 1 5 1 1 . He married before 1519 Margaret, one of the daughters 
and coheirs of Sir Robert Lovell, Knight, by which 
^ ^ [9P^^9I ^^^^^ ^^^ Gumeys acquired Ellingham Hall manor 
k^ c^tj™7ATr^l jjj Great Ellingham, Mortimer's manor in Rockland 
Tofts, the manor and advowson of Scoulton, and the 
lesser advowson of Attleborough. These fiefs were a 
portion of those held by the Lords Mortimer of Attle- 
borough, from whom Sir Robert Lovell's lady was 
descended. Sir Robert Lovell, by his will, dated 20 December, 1519, and 
proved in 1522, gave divers legacies to his daughter Gumey.* (App. 
LXXVIIL) He was brother and coheir of Sir Thomas Lovell, Knight of 
the Garter, and Privy Councillor to Kings Henry VH. and VIIL, who 
mentions Anthony Gumey in his will, dated 10th Dec. 1522, 14th Henry 
Vin. " I, Thomas Lovell, Knight, of the Garter, &c. Item, I ^ve to 
eueriche of William Husay, John Fitzlewes, Anthony Gumey, and John 
Billesby, which have married my brother Sir Robert Lovell's daughters^ 
100". towards the fyndyng their children to schole and marriage of them,** 
&c. Sir Robert Lovell married Ela Conyers, one of the daughters and 
coheirs of Thomas Conyers, Esq. who, through the ancient family of the 
Pitz Ralphs, was one of the representatives of the noble house of Mortimer, 
of Attleborough,** from which circumstance the descendants of Anthony 
Gumey and Margaret Lovell quartered the arms of Lovell, Conyers, Rtz 
Ralph, and Mortimer, viz. : — 



» Reg. Briggs, F. 116 b. Norris MSS. 

^ Norris MSS. Blomefield in Great Ellingham. 



A.D. 1522.] 



ARMS QUARTERED. 



415 





Lovell : Argent, a chevron azure between three squirrels sejant gules. 
(App. LXXVIII.) 
Conyers : Azure, a maunche or. (App. LXXVII.) 





Fitz Ralph : Or, upon three chevronels gules twelve fleurs-de-lis, 5, 4, 3, 
argent. (App. LXXVI.) 

Mortimer, of Attleborough : Or, fleur^ de lis sable. (App. LXXV.) 

By this marriage of Anthony Gumey and Maj^aret Lovell, the estates 
of the Gumeys of West Barsham were considerably increased, and the 
family became one amongst the coheirs of the Barony of Mortimer of 
Attleborough. 

Anthony Gurney presented by grant to the lesser rectory of Attlebo- 
rough, called West Ker, in 1524, in 1536, and again in 1544 ; and in 1565 
Sir Christopher Heydon, Knight, his executor, presented in his right.' 

Anthony Gumey is sometimes written of West Barsham, sometimes of 
Irstead, particularly in 1546, but most frequently of EUingham Magna,** 



* Blomefield in Attleborough. 



^ Norris MSS. Tunatead, p. 35. 



4 16 ANTHONY GURNEY. [PART II. 

an estate which came to him after the death of Henry Spelman^ of EUing- 
ham, Esq. in the year 1524^ and to which his wife was heir. The said 
Henry Spelman being the only surviving child of Thomas Spelman, Esq. 
and Anne his vrife, the other daughter and coheir of the before-named 
Thomas Conyers, Esq. In 1524 he was executor to this Henry Spelman, 
his wife's relation.* 

In 1530 he was a feoflFee for Robert WaJcot, of Kerbrooke, Gent.** 

In 1533, " Mr. Gumey" occurs amongst the strangers visiting at Hun- 
stanton Hall, as appears by the household accounts in the handwriting of 
the lady of Sir Thomas UEstrange, in the possession of the present 
Mr. Styleman L'Estrange. (App. LXXIX.) 

In 1533, William, Abbot of St. Bennet's-in-the-Holme, by indenture, 
dated 1 1 January, 25th Henry VIII. leased to Anthony Gumey the site 
of the manor of Neatsherd near Irstead, and the parsonage there, vrith the 
patronage of the vicarage, &c. to hold for the term of forty years, from the 
28th of September last past. This appropriation of church property in his 
favour was during the power of Anne Boleyn, who was his relation.*^ 

He was lord of the manor of Swathings in Hardingham, 26 Henry VIII. 
1 535. This manor, which had been in his family soon after the conquest^ 
he alienated to the Thwaites'.^ 

Anthony Gumey's first wife, Margaret Lovell, was dead before 1536. 
He re-married Elizabeth Tyrrell, " daughter of Mr. Tyrrell.'* This was 
before 1536, in which year, in Easter, 28 Henry VIII. a fine was levied be- 

a Reg. Allablaster, p. 130. Norris MSS. ^ Reg. Palgrave, fol. 144. Norris MSS. 

c Anthony Gumey and Queen Anne Boleyn were second cousins, as will appear by the 
following descent : — 

Sir Geoff&t Boletn, Lord Mayor of London.^ 

Sir William Boleyn.=t= Sir Hemby Hetdon.=t=Elizabeth Bolktn. 

Sir Thomas Boleyn.=j= William Gdrney.^Ann Hetdon. 

Queen Anne Boleyn. Anthony Gurney. 

Many Norfolk families were nearly related to Anne Boleyn ; but it does not appear that 
Queen Elizabeth much patronized her Norfolk kindred, 
d Blomefield in Hardingham. 



A. D, 1536.] FAMILY OF TYRRELL. 417 

tween Sir John Allen, Knt. and others, querents, and Anthony Gumey and 
Elizabeth^ his wife, defendents, of the manor of Gumey, alias Harpley, &c. 
And in Trin. 24 Hen. VIII. 1532, a fine was levied between John Tyrrell 
and others, querents, and Anthony Gumey, defendent, of the manor of 
Harpley, which I think may have been on his marriage with Elizabeth 
Tyrrell.^ 

I do not find from what branch of the ancient and knightly family of 
Tyrrell, Elizabeth, the wife of Anthony Gumey, sprung, but it seems likely 
she was one of the Tirrells of Gipping in Suffolk. The Tyrrells are undoubt- 
edly of Norman origin, and are descended from Walter Tyrrell, who held 
lands in Essex at the Survey. It seems doubtful 
yA 5 whether this is the same individual who is said to have 
//\\ 5 shot the fatal arrow at William Rufus, and who was 
^//yy^W^ lordof Poix in Picardy. The Tyrrells branched from 
the parent stem in Essex into several counties. They 
bore. Argent, two chevronels azure, within a bordure 
engrailed gules. 

In 1537 William Ugge was presented to the livingof Harpley by Thomas 
Godsalve, as assignee of Anthony Gumey ; and soon after, Gumey's manor 
in Harpley, which had been possessed by his family since the reign of 
Henry II. was conveyed to Richard Southwell, Esq.^ probably in some 
settlement at his second marriage. 

In 1535 he occurs as lord of the manor of Scolton, and patron of the 
church there, which was of his wife's inheritance ; he sold this manor in 



■ Elizabeth Tyrrell was perhaps the same who had previously married Henry Spelman, Esq. 
of Great Ellingham, cousin of Anthony Gurney's first wife. 

b Norris MSS. p. 52, in Irstead. Addit. MSS. Mus. Brit. 8841, in Harpley. Cook Claren- 
oeaux, Pedigree. This is contained in a volume of pedigrees by Cook, purchased at the Straw- 
berry Hill sale. That of the Gumey s is brought down to the year 1622, by a later hand. 

^ Anthony Gumey, Esq. by deed, dated 12 Feb. in the 25th year of King Henry VIII. 
settled this manor on Richard Southwell, Esq. with the manor of Hurstead (Irstead), now vested 
for 200 pounds sterling, with all his lands in Harpley, Great and Little Massingham, Howston 
(Howton), East and West Rudham, Kursted, Netisherd, and Barton. (Inter Cartas Rogeri 
Potts, Bar«. 1706). Norris MSS. 



418 



ANTHONY GURNEY. 



[lART II. 



1 540/ From this and other alienations of property it seems that, although 
his estates had been much increased from his first marriage, he was cer- 
tainly involved in pecuniary difficulties, from which, we believe, the West 
Barsham Gumeys never fully recovered. 

Gumey's-place, in the parish of St. Julian, Norwich, was his town resi- 
dence ; it was a fine old city mansion, which has been pulled down of late 
years : within the recollection of persons now living, the large hall existed, 
used as a manufactory, in the bay window of which were the following 
arms, which, together with the glass belonging to the Gawdys, to whom 
it afterwards belonged, are still preserved at Keswick. 





OURNET, IMPALING CALTHORPE. 



OUBNET, IHPAUNO HBTDON. 





OUIUfET, IMPALIMO KEBYILLB. 



QURIYET, IMPALING 



Mr. Kirkpatrick saw also two others now broken, viz. — 



• Blomefield in ScoltoD. 



A. D, 1546.] FOREMAN OF GRAND JURY — EARL OF SURREY. 



419 





Quarterly: 1st. Warren; 2nd. Swathing? or Serope? 3rd. Gumey; 
4th. Dampmartm ? or Cailey ? 
Gumey, impaling Wauncy. 

This house was sold to Thomas Gawdy, Esq. after the death of Anthony 
Gumey.* 

In 1 646 Anthony Gumey was foreman of the grand jury who found the 
unfortunate Earl of Surrey guilty of high treason : the chief act of 
*' treason " being the Earl's having quartered the arms of Edward the 
Confessor with a label, stated in the indictment to be the distinctive arms 
of the Prince Royal of England. 

The following is the list of the grand jury who foimd the bill against the 
Earl of Surrey, 38th Henry VIII. :— 



Anthony Gumey, Esq. 
William Brampton, Esq. 
John Bemey, Esq. 
George Horseman, Esq. 
Ralph Shelton, Esq. 
Edmund Wode, Gent. 
Robert Rugge, Gent. 
WHliam Rogers, Gent. 



Thomas Codde, Gent. 
Robert Lovedail, Gent. 
Richard Spooner, Gent. 
William Drake, Gent. 
Thomas Aldericke, Gent. 
John Thetford, Gent. 
Thomas Hare, Gent. 
Henry Dengaine, Gent. 



Most of these are the names of citizens of Norwich, where the bill was 
found by the grand jury, although the trial took place in London. Henry 
Dengaine, the last of these, was of Brunstead in Norfolk, and was mar- 
ried to Anthony Gumey*s sister. The grand jury who found the unfor- 



» Norris MSS. 
3 I 



420 ANTHONY GURNEY. [PART II. 

tunate Earl guilty of high treason^ and the jury before whom he was tried 
in London, consisted of Norfolk men, for the purpose, it is said, of giving 
a greater appearance of justice to the proceedings against him, from the 
juries being selected from a coimty where his chief influence lay. 

I have before mentioned that the Gumeys of West Barsham were 
amongst the families who were under the influence of the piincely house 
of Howard; and it is remarkable that in the very same year (1547) that 
the Earl of Surrey was beheaded, his daughter Lady Jane Howard stood 
sponsor for a grandchild of Anthony Gumey (Frances, daughter of Francis 
Gumey, of Irstead) ; and in 1550 the widowed C!ountess of Surrey under- 
took the same office for a grandson, so that Anthony Gumey having been 
upon this grand jury had not the effect of alienating him and his son 
from the family of the Earl of Surrey, at least according to appearances. 

By Margaret Lovell his wife, who was bom in 1499,* Anthony Gumey 
had issue : 1st, Francis his son, who died in his father's life-time, leaving 
children ; 2nd, Ela, married first, Drury, Esq., and secondly, Christo- 
pher Seyve, Gentleman. By his second wife, Elizabeth Tirrell,'' he had an 
only daughter, Elizabeth, married Richard Stubbs, Esq. 

Anthony Gumey died before 27 March, 1556 ; his will is dated 6 Dec. 
1555, and was proved 10 Dec. 1557. 

The following is a copy of it, extracted from the Registry of the Bishop 
of Norwich. 

" In the name of God, Amen. The sixte dale of December, in the 
yere of our Lorde God a thousande fyve hundrethe fyfde and five, I, 
Anthonie Gumey, of Greate Elingham, in the countie of Norff*, Esquier, 
being in good and holle m3nide, thankes be unto God, make and declare 
this my testament and last will in manner and forme foUowinge : fyrst, I 
bequeathe my soule unto Almightie God, trusting to have the fruicion of 
his glorious presens amonges the Saincts of Heaven, and my bodie to be 
buried in the church of Elingham aforesayde, unto the hiegh alter wherof 
I give and bequeathe for my tithes negligently forgotten and not payd, 
iij^. iiijrf. Itm. I will, that at y« daye of my buriall, seaventh daye, thirtie 

a Cole's Escheats, Harl. MSS. 759, p. 167. ^ Pedigree. Cook, Clarenceaox. 



A. D. 1555.J HIS WILL. 421 

dale, and twelmonth daie^ shal be done such deds of chary tie unto y^ relieff 
of the poore as by mjni executors shal be thought most expedient. Vtm. 
I will that mya executors shall have two partes of all my mannors, lands, 
and tenements, w^thir appurtenaunces, in three partes equallye devyded, 
tieng and being wHn the sayde countie of Norff , being holden by knyhtes 
service, to have and to holde the sayde two partes of all my sayde manners, 
lands, and tenements, with there appurtenances, holden by knyghtes ser- 
vice, to mjni executors and other assignes, from the daye of my deceas, 
until th'end of the terme of fortenne yeres then next followinge be fiillie 
complete and endid, and the profightes and issewes cominge of the same 
two partes by the sayed tearme of fortenne yeres to be employed and 
bestowed in and towards the pa)rment of my debtes, legacies, and per- 
formance of this my testament and last will. Km. I will that my sayde 
executors shall have the resydew of all my manners, lands, and tenements, 
wHher appt'naunces, lienge and beinge in the sayde countie, being not 
holden by knyghtes service, to have and to holde all the sayd manners, 
lands, and tenements wHher appurtenances so being not holden in knights 
service to my sayd executors and ther assignes, from the sayde dale of 
my deceas untill th'ende of the sayde terme of fortenne yeres be fullie 
completed and ended, and the issews and profightes thereof coming by the 
same terme, to gither w* all my goods and cattail, to be employed and 
bestowed in and towards the payment of my sayde debtes, legacies, and 
performance of this my testament and last will. Km. I give and be- 
queathe unto Elizabeth Gumey my dowter, two hundreth pounds of 
lawfuU money of Englande, to be payd to the same Elizabeth, or to hir 
assignes, as sone and w* as redie spede as it may be made, raysed, and taken 
of and for my goods and cattalles the issews and profightes of the sayde two 
partes of my sayde manners and other the premisses being holden by 
knyghtes servyce, and of the issewes and profightes of all other my sayde 
mannors, lands, and tenements being not holden by knyghtes servyce, as is 
aforesayde, my debtes beinge fyrst payde. Itm. I give and bequeathe to 
Ela Sejrve my dowter, twentie pounds lawful money of Inglonde, to be 
payd as it maye be raysed and taken of y* sayde issewes and profightes of 
the p*misse assigned to my executors in this my pnt will and testament ; 



422 



ANTHONY GURNEY. 



[part ir* 



and I will that so much of the resydew of the issewes and profightes of the 
same primss's as shal be thought meat by myne executors shall be bestowed 
in and towarde the educac*on and bringinge upp of Anthonye Gumey, 
Elizabeth Gumey, Frances Gumey, Anne Gurney, and Anthonye Drurye, 
my grandchildren ; and forther I will that the overplus of the same issewes 
remayning at thende of the said fortenne yeres shall be equallie devyded 
and payd by my sayde executors, or ther assignes, to my sayde grand- 
children then being alyve. The resydew of my goods and cattails not 
before given and bequeathed I comitt to the good order and dispocicion of 
myne executors whom I ordeyn and make S^ Qiristofer Heydon, Knight, 
and Rob^ Holdich, Esquier. In witnes wherof to this my pnt testament 
and last will I have sette my scale and subscribed my name the daye and 
yere above written. Witnes to this pnt will and testament, Anthonye 
Twayghtes, Thom* Flegge, John Cadie, and Jamys Smythe. 

" Proved 10 December 1557, by the oaths of the executors within 
named." 




ORBAT BLUNGHAH HALL. 



Register Jagges, fol. 135, b. 



A. D. 1556,] 



INQUISITIO POST MORTEM. 



423 



The profits and issues to accrue for 14 years from the date of thk will 
were so bequeathed to pay debts, and to provide for the younger children 
of Francis Gumey, eldest son of Anthony Gurney, who died in his life- 
time. Henry Gumey, eldest son of Francis, was bom the 21st Jan. 1548, 
and would therefore come of age in 1560, the year when this term of 
fourteen years would exph'e, the will being dated in 1555. 

By an inquisition taken at Walsingham 27 March, 2d and 3d year of 
Philip and Mary (1556), Anthony Gumey was found to die seized of Irsted 
manors. Barton, Netysherd, Dylhm, Tunstead, Smallborough, Hominge and 
Barton, held of the Bishop of Norwich ; of the manor of EUingham, in 
Great EUingham, held of the heirs of Robert Lord Bardolf in soccage ; of 
the manor of West Barsham, of Henry Lord Matravers and Anne his wife, 
as of the manor of Castleacre, by service of one knight's fee, and of 
Gumey's manor in Hingham, of the heirs of Henry Clyppesby.» 

Great EUingham HaU still exists as a farmhouse, although much dUapi- 
dated, but stiU retaining the appearance of having been a manor-house, 




GREAT ELLINOHAM HALL. 



a Cole's Escheats, Harl. MSS. 760, page 312. 



424 



ANTHONY GURNBY. 



[part II. 



and is moated round, with a stew pond near. The moat includes within it 
about half an acre, and beyond are a large bam and ancient outbuildings. 

TT 

The following escutcheons are enumerated as remain- 
ing formerly ^^ In John Tuthill his house called Berry- 
haU.""^ 

*^ 1. Gumay, arg, a crosse engrayled g, and sideth or 
floret^ de S. (Mortimer.) 






2. Gumay, and sideth arg on a che8on az: a moUete or, betwene 3 
squyrrells seiaunte g (Lovell). 

3. Gurnay, and sideth arg ij cheSons az: a border engraylede g (Tyrrell). 

4. Gurnay, and sideth Hay don. 






Gumay, and sideth Calthorpe. 

Gumay, and sideth arg 3 mascules g (Jemingham). 

Gumay, and sideth g 3 lefte hands coope^ arg " (Wauncy). 



• Lansdowne M8S. 260, fol. 285, v. Berry Hall was the secondary manor in Great Ellingham. 



^. D. 1556.J BLUNDEVILLE — BOKENHAM — BENGAINE. 



425 



Constance, eldest sister of Anthony Gurney, married first Ralph Blunde- 

ville, of Newton Plotman, Gentleman, and, secondly, William Bokenham/ 

The Blundevilles were possessed of Newton Flotman as early as the 

3 C I reign of King John, and retained it many centuries ; 

j ? there is a fine mural monument, with a hrass, erected 

■A^ C^ to three of this family, of whom this Ralph is one. He 

died in 1514. 

His arms, Quarterly and per fess indented or and 
azure, over all a bend gules, impaling, Argent, a cross 
engrailed gules, are on the monument. 
The Bokenhams were a distinguished family, taking their name from 

■K~^ — } 1 Bokenham, or Buckenham, in Norfolk, in which county 

^^^ and Suffolk they long flourished. 

N^BL^ Their arms were. Quarterly argent and azure, a 

^^ ^~ bendlet gobonn^ sable and or. 

\ ^^^^7 '^^ principal seats of this family were Snetterton in 

\ y/ Norfolk and Livermere in Suffolk. Constance Bucken- 

X^lx^ l^am, widow, died in 1562. By her will she gives to 

her son Edmund Blomville, or Blundeville, a cup and cover silver gilt ; to 

her son A^^lliam Blomvile two silver salts and other plate ; to her son Sir 

John Blomvyle, priest, other legacies, &c.*' 

Alice, second sister of Anthony Gurney, was married to Henry 
D'Engaine, of Brunstead, in Norfolk, Esq. The D'En- 
gaines of that place were a younger branch of the 
baronial family of the same name, lords of Upminster 
in Essex.*' The noble branch ended in coheiresses, 
41 Edward III. 

They bore for arms. Azure, a fess dancette argent, 
between five escallops or, three, two. 

Contemporary, and probably another sister, was Lady Elizabeth 
Gurney, installed prioress of Thetford Nunnery in 1518, died 1519. 




* Norris MSS. Funeral Monuments, vol. iii. p. 57. 

^ Nonifl MSS. ^ Norris MSS. Funeral Monuments, p. 73. 



426 



ANTHONY GURNEY. 



[part XI. 



Frances Gurney, another sister of Anthony, is mentioned in the will 
of her aunt dame Anne Heydon, 17 Deer. 1609 : ** I, dame Anne Heydon, 
relict of Sir John Heydon. Km, I bequeth to my nece Fraunces Gumey 
yearly xx*. and xxK. in money to her marriage, &c.*" According to 
Cook, Clarenceaux, she married Gascoigne, of Yorkshire. 

From the same authority Anthony Gurney had another sister Amy, 
married to John Sybsey, Gentleman. 

Henry, a brother, is also mentioned in the will of Sir Lionel Dymocke, 
Knight, his step-father. 

Contemporary. — At this period lived Henry Gurney,^ who married 
Catharine, aunt of Charles Brandon, Duke of Suffolk, according to the 
subjoined pedigree. 

Sir WiLUAM Brandon, 12th Henry YIL^Euzabeth, dan. of Sir Richard Bedingfleld, 

I 1 1 * 1 1 1 1 

Sir WiLUAM B&ANDON, Sir Thomas Maboaret, m. Anns, mar. Eleanor, Kathabimb, Euzabrh, 
had iMue Charles Duke Brandon, Sir Ghr^^iy Lo- John Sidney, mar. John mar. Heniy mar. John 
of Suffolk. K.G. yell. of Penahurrt. Glenham. Gumey. Cayendiah. 

Earlb of Leicbstsr. 

Part of the inheritance of the Brandons, dukes of Suffolk, descended 
through this marriage of Henry Gumey to John Trye, of Hardwick Court, 
Fulham, who died in 1 579, having married Elizabeth, daughter and coheir 
of Sir John Goumay, who was probably son of Henry and Katharine 
Brandon his wife.<: The arms given to these Gumeys are, A crosa or saltier 
engrailed gules, between 4 black mullets. 



SIS 




* Dodsworth MSS. vol. xvii. fol. 1146. Lansdowne MSS. No. 227. 
^ Wright's History of Rutland. Tlxover, page 126. Brandons. 



Lysons's Environs of Londoni vol. ii. p. 373, 



A. D. 1556.] SWAN MARKS. 427 

The following extract is from Dame Elizabeth Brandon's will. 

" I, Elizabeth Brandon,' bequeath my body to be buryed as nere the 
tombe of Sir William Brandon, my husband, as may be. Km, I will that 
my manor of Cravens, in Henham, remayne to Sir Robert Brandon, my 
son, &c. ; rem to Kateryne Gumey, my daughter, &c. Ano. 1491."^ 

Thomas GoRNET.=pANifB, dan. and heir to Helin. 



HeMRT GK)]UrETB.^=CATHABINE BrANDON. 

Suzabeth.^Walter Atscouoh, of Bljthbo- CH]uanAN.=y:JAMES Dar- Maria. Euzabeth (qiiiBre)mar. John 
j rough, CO. Lincoln, Lord of " " " 

North Carlton, Linoolnahire. 



[.^Waltbi 
I rough. 

North ( 
' 1 



<=® 




Trye, of Hardwick, oo. Glou- 
cester. 

Atscouob, of Blybuigh, 1562. Adam Darnell, of Thomholme. 

(From a MS. in the Heralds' College.) 

The Ayscoughs and Darnells quartered Gumey and Helin. 

The swan mark of " Mr. Gumey " here 
given, is in a swan roll headed " Carolo 
Wyndham Equiti depinxit John Marti- 
nus, A.D. 1 673 ; *' but it is the copy of 
a more ancient swan roll relating to 
Norfolk, as it contains the mark of 
Carrow Abbey, dissolved in 1 637, and 
of other religious houses. I therefore 
insert the swan mark here, as being 
probably of about this date. 

By statute in 1482, no one was allowed to keep swans unless he had the 
qualification of 5 marks a year in land, and the swan marks were regularly 
registered in roUs. 

The swan mark, called by Sir Edward Coke Cigninotay was cut in the 
skin on the beak of the swan with a sharp knife or other instrument. 
These marks consisted of annulets, chevrons, crescents, crosses, initial 
letters, and other devices, some of which had reference to the heraldic 
arms, or the office of the swan owner.^ 

• Reg. Hearne, foL 9. 

^ Dodsworth MSS. voL xviL foL 70 a. Lansdowne MSS. No. 227. 
^ YarrelVs British Birds, vol. iii. p. 122—130. 

3k 



428 



ANTHONY GURNEY. 



[part II. 



APPENDIX LXXV. 



ON THE MORTIMERS OF ATTLEBOROUGH. 



The common ancestor of the noble houses of 
Mortimer Earls of March, and Warren Earls 
of Warren and Surrey, was William de Va- 
rennes,* or de Saint Martin,f husband of one of 
the nieces of Gonnora Duchess of Richard the 
first Duke of Normandy, by whom he had two 
sons, Roger de Mortimer, whose descendants are 
now under our notice, and William de Warren, 
of whose family we have given an account at 
p. 73 of this record. 

Roger the eldest was Lord of Mortemer sur 
Eaune in Normandy, from whence the name of 
his family ; and was one of the commanders 
in the famous engagement that took place there 
in the year 1054, between the Normans and 
the French, in which the latter sustained so 
signal a defeat.:^ His son, Raoul de Mortemer, 
accompanied the Conqueror to England, was 
present at the battle of Hastings, and after- 
wards greatly distinguished himself in the sub- 
jugation of the Marches of Wales, in which 
district the Castle of Wigmore, which he had 
taken from the Earl of Shrewsbury, was situated, 
and was, together with the other estates of that 
nobleman, granted to him. The elder branch 
of his descendants continued in possession of it, 
together with the title of Earls of March, for 
twelve generations in the male line, which then 
becoming extinct, it was carried to Richard 
Duke of York by his mother Anne, sister of 

* William de Jamieges. 

+ Orderic. Vital. 

X Roman de Rou, edit, of Pluquet. 



the last Mortimer Earl of March, and wife of 
the Earl of Cambridge, brother of Edward 
Duke of York.§ 

Several younger branches of baronial rank 
have at different periods diverged from this 
parent stem.|| Of these the most important 
were the Mortimers of Ricard*s Castle in 
Herefordshire ; and, according to some authors, 
the Mortimers of Attleborough in Norfolk. 

It is nearly impossible, at this distance of 
time, absolutely to fix a descent where lanfled 
property did not accompany it ; and therefore 
the affiliation of a younger branch at these very 
early periods is rarely to be discovered but by a 
comparison of the dates of the founder of such 
branch with the younger sons of the parent 
house, his contemporaries. 

The Mortimers of Attieborough are de- 
scended from Robert de Mortimer or Mortuo- 
Mari, who was seized of the advowson of the 
Church at Stanford in Norfolk, in the time of 
Henry II. as is proved by a trial in the reign 
of Edward I. when William de Mortemer, of 
Kingston and Attleburgh, set forth his pedi- 
gree ;f from this Robert de Mortimer, who 
had issue William his son and heir, who had 
Robert his son and heir, who had a second 
William his son and heir, who had issue Robert, 
who was father of Sir William the demandant, 

§ Dngdale's Baronage, vol. i. p. 142. 
II Ibid, passim. 

% Placit. jurat, assis. apM Norw. &c. Hilar, anno 
14 £dw. I. Rot. 2. Blomefield in Attleborough. 



APP. LXXV.] 



MORTIMER OF ATTLEBOROUGH. 



429 



which is further confirmed hy a plea in the 
5th of John, as follows : * 

" Juratores dicunt quod Rohertus de Mor- 
tuomari avus Roherti de Mortuomari presenta- 
▼it ullimum personam ad ecclesiam de Raven- 
ingham. Ideo habeat," &c. 

In the reign of Henry II. on levying an aid 
to marry the King's daughter (12th Henry IL)t 
we find in Herefordshire, " Rohertus de Mor- 
tuomari tenet xxiii feoda in honore Castelli.*' 
Dugdale also distinctly states the existence of 
such a person ; and calls him, on the authority 
of the Liber Ruber Scaccarii, son or brother of 
Hugh de Mortimer, of Wigmore Castle ; this, 
therefore, may probably be the same Robert 
de Mortimer who was patron of the Churches 
of Stanford and Raveningham, and ancestor 
of the Mortimers of Attleborough, notwith- 
standing Dugdale's opinion that this Robert 

* Abbrev. Placit. Term. Sancti Michs. anno R. 
Job. yto. Rot. 14 in dorso, p. 45. 
t Liber Niger Scacc. pub. by Heame, vol. i. p. 159. 



was the first possessor of Ricard's Castle, | in 
which we suspect him in error, and to have 
confounded the Robert living in the reign of 
Henry II. with Robert, third son of Roger 
Baron of Wigmore, by Isabella, sister and 
heiress of Hugh de Ferrers, Lord of Oakham, as 
Ricard's Castle was not possessed by the Mor- 
timers till after 1st John ; and on reference to 
the Testa de Neville, the authority quoted by 
Dugdale, we find Robert de Mortimer pos- 
'sessed of Ricard's Castle honor,§ and called 
the " novum feoff.," contemporary with Ralf de 
Mortimer, Lord of Wigmore, which Ralf was 
second son of the before-mentioned Roger, 
Baron of Wigmore, and succeeded to the in- 
heritance on the death of his half-brother Hugh, 
the 11th of Henry III. as the subjoined Pedi- 
gree of the early generations of this House of 
Wigmore will more distinctly shew. 

X Dugdale^s Baronage, under Mortimer of Wigmore 
and Ricard*8 Cutle. 

§ Testa de Neville, Hereford, Hundred of Wulfege, 
309, p. 66 of printed edition. 



Raoul de Mortimer, who accompanied the Conqueror to England in 1066,=t=Miucent. 
Ist Lord of Wigmore Castle. I 



William de Mor- 
timer, Lord of 
Chelmarsh. 



Hugo de Mortimer, Lord^MATiLDA, 



of Wigmore temp. Hen. 
II. against whom he re- 
beUed. 



"T" 



dau. of 
William 
Loogesp4. 



RoBERTUs DE MoRTiMER, in Hereford, 12 
Hen. II. probably had in the same reign the 
adYOwson of Stanford Church, and ancestor 
of Mortimer of Attleburgh. 

1 

William, 
ob. un- 
married in 
foreign 
parts. 



Hugh de Mor- 
timer, Lord of 
Cheknarsh after 
his uncle Wil- 
liam. 



1 w. MiLi-=j=RoGER de MoRTi-=f2 w. IsABELL, sistcr and heiress of Ralph. 



CENT, dau. 
of Ferrers 
Earl of 
Derby. 



T- 



MER, in Normandy 
with Richard I. 
obiit 17 John, 
1216. 



Hugh de Ferrers, Lord of Oakham, 
who married the dau. and heir of 
Hugh de Say, Lord of Ricard^s 
Castle. 



2 daugh- HuGK) de Mor-=Maude, dau. 

ters. TIMER, Lord of and coh. of 

Wigmore, ob. William de 
in a tournament Braose, of 
1227, 11 Hen. Brecknock, 
III. 8. p. ob. 29 £d. I. 



Ralf de Mortimer, suc- 
ceeded his brother; ob. 30 
Hen. III. 1246; mar. Gla- 
duse, dau. of Llewelyn 
Prince of the Welsh. 

I 

Earls of March. 



nr 



-1 



Robert, probably first pos- Philip. 
sessed Ricard*s Castle after 
1st John, and was in posses- 
sion of it whilst Ralf was 
Lord of Wigmore, i. e. be- 
tween the years 1227 and 1246. 



430 



ANTHONY GURNEY. 



[part II. 



Blomefield * considers the difierenoe in the 
arms of the Mortimers of Attleborough from 
those of the Earls of March a proof of their 
being of a distinct race ; in this he is probably 
mistaken, as many instances might be ad- 
duced of different branches of the same family 
bearing arms entirely dissimilar, although the 
common practice was certainly to use a varia- 
tion of the same. 




MORTIMER OF ATIL£- 
BOROUGH. 



MORTIMER OF RICARD^ 
CASTLE. 



There is a great similarity between the arms 
of the Mortimers of Attleborough and those 
of Ricard's Castle ; the former used, Or, sem6 
de lis sable ; the latter, Barr6 of six or and 
vert, sem6 de lis counterchanged, as is seen by 
the seal of Hugh, second Lord of Ricard's 
Castle,t and also formerly in the windows of 
Attleborough church. 




K^ 








/ 


^ 


N 


\ 




N 


N 


I 



MORTIMER OF WIOMORE. 



MORTIMER OF RICARD'S 
CASTLE. 



Banks, in his Extinct Baronage, asserts that 

* Blomefield in Attleborough. 

t Dugdale*8 Baronage, vol. i. page 153. 



Mortimer of Ricard's Castle bore for arms tlioee 
of Mortimer Earls of March, viz. Barry of nz, 
or and azure, an inescotcheon argent; a chief 
of the first, paly of the second, the comers 
g3rrony, with a bend gules over all for difierenoe. 
In the si^e of Karlaverock % Hugh de Mor- 
timer, last of the name. Lord of Ricard's Casde, 
is shown by that poem, as well as by the 
authority of seals of that Baron, referred to in 
the notes, to have been Gules, two bars vair^ 
on his banner; whilst his brother William, 
commonly called Zouche of Mortimer, bore a 
variation on the Arms of his mother, the 
heiress of Zouche, Azure bezant^.§ 



-AAJX. 



OOO 

OP 

0„Q_Q 




MORTIMER OF RICARD'S 
CASTLE. 



ZOUCHE OF MORTIMER. 



A branch of the Mortimers was very early 
seated at Attleborough, in the county of Nor- 
folk : the Robert de Mortimer before alluded to 
is considered by Blomefield to have been lord 
of this manor. II Whether or not he was the 
same Robert de Mortimer who held fiefs in 
Herefordshire must be doubtful. A Robert 
de Mortimer witnessed the foundation deed of 
Castleacre Priory by William 1st Earl Warren 
some time before the year 1090.f At the 
Survey this manor of Attleborough belonged to 

t Published by Nicolas, pp. 40 and 239. 
§ Nicolaa, Roll of Arms temp. Ed. IIL p. 9. 
II Blomefield in Attleborough. 
% Dugdale's Monasticon, new editio.i. 



APP. LXXV.] 



MORTIMER OF ATTLEBOROUGH. 



431 



Roger filius Reinardi, who perhaps might be 
ancestor of the Mortimers of Attleborough, 
and his father, Reinardus, the same person as 
Raoul or Reginaldus de Mortimer, who came 
over at the Conquest, and was ancestor of the 
Earls of March. We have seen that the War- 
rens and Mortimers of Wales were of the same 
race ; and there certainly existed a strong con- 
nection between the Attleborough Mortimers 
and the Warrens, which confirms the idea of 
the former being of the same family as the 
Welsh Mortimers. 

Blomefield, however, seems to imply that he 
thinks the Attleborough Mortimers were a 
distinct race from the others ; and that they 
came from Mortemer in Poictou; there are, 
however, two Mortemers in Normandy — Mor- 
temer-sur-Eaulne, from whence the family of 
the Earls of March came ; and another, Mor- 
temer-en-Lions, which last may have been the 
berceau of the Attleborough family, if it was a 
distinct race: the word Mortemer, signifying 
3tagnant lake or water, is not unfrequent. 

That Robert de Mortemer was ancestor of 
the family is certain, from the fines already 
quoted. To an old deed in the Cotton Library* 
is the seal of Sir William Mortimer of Attle- 
borough, Knight, being the effigies of himself 
riding full speed on horseback, with a sword 
drawn in one hand, and his shield of arms in 
the other. 

The next person we find here was Robert, 
son and heir of William, whose grandfather 
Robert had presented to the church at Ra- 
veningham :t this Robert, second of the name, 
was in the 6th of John possessed of Halaven- 
don, in Lincolnshire, which had been the pro- 
perty of William de Mortuo-Mari ; and also of 

* Blomefield in Attleborough. 

t Abbrev. Placit. 5 Job. Term. S. Mich. Rot. 14. 



the manor of Scoulton in Norfolk. To this 
Robert also relates the following plea of the 
6th of Richard I. 

'< Robertus de Mortuomari invenit plegium 
quod queret pacem infra festum sancti Hilarii 
versus Dominum Regem per Dominum Can- 
cellarium de eo quod ipse tumiavit sine licen- 
tia. Et sunt plegii comes Rogerus Bigod, 
Galfridus de Sai, Willelmus de Warren. Et 
preceptum est vicecomiti quod faciat ei habere 
seisinam terrarum suarum,*' Sic. Rot. IL 

This Sir Robert, and his son William, were 
both in arms agidnst King John, in his Barons' 
wars § in 1205 ; and in 1215, the lands held by 
them in Lincolnshire were forfeited and given 
by that monarch to Robert de Mortimer, of 
Ricard's Castle, whose son William held them 
in the time of Edward I.|| 

In 1218 Sir William de Mortimer held one 
knight's fee in Attleborough, Bemham Brome, 
Little EUingham, and Tofts, and half a fee in 
Stanford and Buckenham Parva, and half a fee 
in Sculton. His son, Sir Robert, was living 
when the Barons rose against Henry III. in 
1263, at which time his houses were burnt and 
his stocks wasted by Sir Henry Hasting8,1[ and 
he died this same year, when his son William 
de Mortimer was in the custody of the Earl 
Warren. This William claimed the advowson 
of the church of Stanford from the prior of 
Shouldharo, as has been before mentioned, by 
settmg forth his pedigree from Robert de Mor- 
timer in the reign of Henry II.** 

X PUcit. Abbrev. apud West. Term. Sancti Michael. 
6 Ric. I. Norff. page 3. 

§ Claus. 17 Job. m.9,p.S49,S50. Blomefield utsupra. 

II Testa de Neville, page 369. 

^ Blomefield ut supra. Rot de Rebel. 49 Hen. III. 
In Turre Lond. 

•• Placit. apud Norw. Term. HUar. Ano. 14 Ed. I. 
Rot.1. 



432 



ANTHONY GURNET. 



[part II. 



In 1293 he was summoned to attend the 
King into Gascoigne, and in 1296 was sum- 
moned to parliament among the barons of the 
realm, in which year, being again in France, he 
was taken prisoner, carried to Paris, and died 
there,* when, by the name of William de Mor- 
timer of Kingston, he was found seized of the 
following manors :+ — 
Herlaweston ten' et tene- n 

ment* . . . .V Lincoln'. 
Grantham cur* sect' . 
Kyngestone maner' extent' 

et advoc' eccl' et ca- [ Cantabr'. 

pelle 
Attleburgh maner' extent' 
Sculton maner' extent' . [ Norfolc'. 
Bemham maner' extent* 
Kingeston eccl'ia et hundr' 
Winepole feod' . . . [ feoda Cantabr. 
Eversdone 
Hadestone et Bonwell 

maner' • 
Atelburgh et Elingham . ^ fgoda NorflT. 
Rokelondeston maner' 
Bemham eccl'ia 



Bikerston eccl'ia • • \ 

Sculton eccl'ia . . > feoda Norff'-J 

Atelburg eccl'ia . . / 

The 27 Edw. I. John Earl of Warrai pe- 
titioned the king to have the custody of the 
heir of William de Mortimer restored to him, 
who held of him in the manor of Attleboroughy 
and who had died whilst he, the earl, was serv- 
ing the King in Scotland, and that the King's 
escheator had entered upon the wardship, and 
allotted the widow her dower. The petition 
was granted.§ 

This William founded the chapel now called 
Mortimer's Chapel at Attleborough, and was 
buried in it.|| 

Constantine was his son and heir, and was 
sixteen years old when his father died. This 
Constantine was, in 1307, one of the great men 
in the retinue of John de Warren, Earl of 
Surrey, who was then with Edward II. in 
France, on occasion of that King*s marriage 
with Isabella, daughter of the King of France, 
and in 13 Edw. II. he had license to make a 
castle of his house at Scouton.^ 

Sir Constantine Mortimer was his son, and 



• Dugdale'8 Baron, vol. i. p. 164. f Inquia. po«t Mort. vol. i. p. 136. t 26 Ed. I. No. 45. 

§ Placit. Term. Mich. Rot. 52. »no 27 Ed. I. |1 Blomefield ut mipra. 

% The earth- works of this castle are now traceable in a field called Hall Hills. The plan of it is thus : — 




•• RaifedoMueway. 6 6. Remains of moat. c. Outwork, or firrt oonrt. <£. Inner conrt. e. FonndatioiM. 



APP. LXXV.] 



MORTIMER OF ATTLEBOROU6H. 



433 



was, in 1335, steward of the household to 
Alianor, the King's sister, and Countess of 
Guelders ; he had an allowance of ^22 for the 
expenses of his men and horses in that service. 
In 1341 he was summoned to parliament among 
the Barons^ and in 1349 he had the King's 
license to travel to Rome with a valet, two 
horses, and two servants. 

Sir Robert de Mortimer was his brother and 
heir ; he founded the chantry of the Holy Cross 
in Attleborough church, where many of his 
family and their descendants are buried. 

Sir Thomas Mortimer was his eldest son, 
who died in 1406,* having married Mary, 
daughter of Nicholas Parke, Esq. who by a 
previous marriage was own mother to the cele- 
brated Sir John Fastolf. Sir John Fastolf, in 
his will dated Nov. 3^ 1459, desires his sub- 



stance to be disposed of for the pleasure of God 
and his soul's health, '< and also for the relief, 
socour, and helpe of the soules that I am most 
oblyged to prey and do preye fore, and for the 
soules of John Fastolf my fadir, and dam 
Mary (the doghtir of Nicholas Park, squyer) 
my modir, &c. 

*^ Item, 1 wolle and ordeyne that be the avys 
of mine executors befom named, that provision 
and ordenaunce be mad that the obyte and 
aniversarye may be yerly kept in perpetuite with 
Placebo and Dirige and messe be note for the 
sowle of dam Mary my moder and her aunces- 
terys in the churche of Attilburgh, and then on 
of the monkes or prestys in the college be me 
ordenid in the mancyon of Castre forseid shall 
syng specyally in perpetuite for the sowle of 
my modir, and alle here auncesteres and good 



Sereral warlike instnunents have been found on this spot ; a battle-axe, cross-bow, arrow-heads, &c. and a very 
curious chronometer, which appears to have been a sort of portable dial, not larger than a watch, and which, by 
being held direct to the south, would give the hour. All these are in the possession of Mr. Weyland of Woodrising, 
1888. 

* Constantine Mortimer of Bemham was youngest brother of this Sir Thomas, and had a son, Robert Mortimer 
(see Blomefield in Bemham). Their seals are appended to deeds at Kimberley, belonging to Lord Wodehouse. 





SIOILLUM COnSIAllTIia MOBTmSB. 



BOBEET MOBTIKEB; HEN. 6. 



434 



ANTHONY GURNEY. 



[part II. 



doers. Item, I wole that in sembelable-wise 
that a marbul ston of a coDvenient mesure'be 
ordeynid and layd (over) dam Mary, my modir, 
in the chapell of the chauntry foondid in the 
parissch chirche of Atilburgh, with an ymage 
of laton (brass), accordynge to her degre, with 
a scripture there abowteen of the day and yeer 
of here obyte, with iiii. skochonys (scutcheons) 
whereof here iii. husbendes, Mortymer, Fastolf, 
and Farwelle, and the ferthe of hir auncesterys 
army 8."* 

By this Mary Sir Thomas Mortimer left 3 
daughters, coheirs : 

1st. Elizabeth, married Sir Ralph Bigod, of 
Stockton. 2ndly, Henry Packenham. 3rdly, 
to Thomas Manning, to which last she gave her 
estate. 

2nd. Cicely, married Sir John de Herling, 
2ndly, John Ratcliffe, Esq. 

3rd. Margery, married Sir John Rtz-Ralph, 
Knt. 

Elizabeth had a daughter by Sir Ralph 
Bigot, who married William Gameys of Ken- 
ton, in Suffolk, whose son Ralph died s.p. in 
1446. 

From Cicely descended, by her second hus- 
band, the noble family of Ratcliffe Earls of 
Sussex, Viscounts Fitz-Walter, Lords of Egre- 
mont and Bumell, who retained the Lordship 
of Attleborough to the middle of the 17th 
century. 

Margery, the 3rd daughter and coheir, had 
for her portion of the Mortimer estate the 

'*' Blomefield in Attleborough. 



manor of Great Ellinjgham Hall, in Great El- 
lingham, Scouton and other manors, and church 
preferments. Her son, by ^ John Fits-Ralph, 
married Alice Walesborough ; but these estates 
eventually fell to her daughter Maade,f who 
married Sir Robert Conyers, Knt. Their 8<m 
married Eleanor, daughter of Sir William Yel- 
verton, Knt, of the Bath at the coronation of 
Ed. IV. but had no issue, and his estates de- 
volved on the heirs of his brother, Thomas 
Conyers, Esq. one of whose daughters and co- 
heirs, Ela, was wife of Sir Robert Lovell, Knt. 
by whom she had three daughters and coheirs. 

1st. Ursula, married Sir William Hnssey, 
Knt. of Beauvale, in the county of Notts, 
Sheriff of Lincolnshire 22 Hen. VIIL 1531, 
son and heir of John Lord Hussey of Sleaford, 
who was executed at Lincoln, for rebellion, 
28 Hen. VIIL Sir William had by Ursula 
two daughters and coheirs. 

2nd. Margaret, married to Anthony Gumey, 
Esq. of West Barsham. 

3rd. Ela, married to John Bilsby, Esq. of 
Lincolnshire. 

4th. Elizabeth, married to John Fitzlewes, 
from whom descended the Lords Mordaunt.| 

t Blomefield, vol. i. p. 483. 

X Inquisitio indentata oapta apud Norwioam, 20 Oetr. 
15 Hen. VIII. (1529,) post mortem Robert! LoreU, 
militia. Qui diennt quod idem Robertus obiit lelaitaa 
de tali itatu quod deecendere debuiaeet quibuflcanque 
Margarite Gomey, Ursule Huse et Ele Bilsby ae Thome 
Fitz-Lewes Alio et heredi Anne Fits-Lewes alterins 
filiarum et coheredum pre&ti Roberti. Harl. MSS. 970. 
Vitis Calthorpiana. 



The following Pedigree of Mortimer, of Attleborough, shews the descent of the Ghimeys of 
West Barsham ^m that family. 



APP. LXXV.] 



MORTIMER OF ATTLBBOROUGH. 



435 



PEDIGREE OF MORTIMER 




OF ATTLEBOROUGH. 



Sir Robert db Mortimer, perbape son or brother of Hugh de Mortimer, Baron o(>p. . . 
Wigmore, 1181, temp. Henry II. | 

William db Mortimer.=P. . . . 



Sir Robert de Mortimer, 1194.=p. . . . 

I 

Sir Robert de Mortimer, 1215.^. . . . 



Sir William de Mortimer, 1250, 



T 



Sir Robert de Mortimer, 1263.=p. . 



Sir William de Mortimer, Baron Mortimer, of Attleborgh, 1296.^Auce 



2 W. SlBILL.=Sir CONSTAlfTINE OE MORTIMER, ob. 1334.^1 W. KATHARINE. 



-I 

Maude. 



Casandra. 



OoifOTAimNE de Mortimer, Baron of Parliament 
1341 ; mar. Agnea .... s. p. 



2 w. MAR-==Sir Robert de ^1 w. Margery Fas* 
CARET. Mortimer. tolf. 



r 
J. 



Sir Thomas Mortimer,=j=Mart, dau. of Nichohui Parke, Esq. ; Constamtike Mortimer, Esq. of Bemham Broom, 
died 1406. mar. 1 h Farewelle ; 2 h. 



I John Fastolf, Esq. 



Robert Mortimer, Esq. Hen. YI. 



Euzabeth Mortimer ; mar.^=Sir Ralph 



2 h. Henry Packenham ; 3 
h. Thomas Manning. 



BlOOT, 

Knight. 



Margert =T=Sir John Fitz 
Mortimer. | Ralph, Knt. 



2 h. John ^Cecily .=Sir John de 
Ratcuffe, Herung. 

^- L 



EuziBETH BiGOT.^T William Garnets, Esq. 



1 



John Fitz Ralph, Esq. of =pruLiEN. Ratcliffes, Earls of 
Great Ellingham. I Sussex, &c. 



Ralph Garnets, ob. s. p. 1446. 



Maude Fitz-Ralpb, daughter and coheiress. ^=Sir Robert Conters, Knt. 



John Oontsbs, Esq. ob. 1472, s. p. ; mar. Eleanor, dan. of Sir 
William YeWerton, Knt. 



Thomas Ck>NYERS, Esq, died^, 
1483. 



T 



2 h. Richard Wiixouohby, Esq.^ANN Conters.^1 h. Thomas Spelman, Esq, 



r 



John Spklman, 
died young. 



Henry Spelman, of Great Ellingham, ob. s. p. 
1524 ; mar. Elizabeth, dau. of Tyrrell. 



Ela Spel- 



Ela CoNYER8.=pSir Robert 

LOTELL, 

Knt. ob. 
1619. 



Ursula =T^ir Wiluam Hussey, Knt. eldest son of Margarei^Anthony Gur- Ela Lotkll, m 
LOTELL. I John Lord Hussey, of Sleaford, ob. 1555. Loyell. 



Had issue. 



Euzabbth 
NEY, Esq. of John Bilsbt, Lovell, 
West Banham, Esq. of Linooln- mar. John 
&c. ob. 1556. shire. FitzLewes. 



Ela Gurnet, mar. 1 h. Drury, Esq. ; 2 h. 

Christopher Seyve. 



Francis Gurnet, Esq. ob.=FELLBN, dau. of Robert Hol- 



1553. 



I 



diohe, Esq. 



I T 1 1 r 

Elizabeth Frances Gurnet Henry Gurney, eldest Anthony Gurnet. Thomas Gurnet. Anne Gurnet. 
Gurnet. son and heir. 

3 L 



436 



ANTHONY GURNEY. 



[part II. 



The church at Attleborough formerly con- 
tained very numerous remains of the armorial 
ensigns of the Mortimers and their desoendants. 



Over the porch are carved the two following 
shields : Ratcliffe, impaling, Cheqney a chief 
fleur6 de lis, and Ratcliffe, quartering Mortimer. 




ATTLBBOaOUOH CHUBCH PORCH ; FBOM AN OUTUNB IN THE NOKRIS MSS. CHURCH COLLBCIIONS, ATILBBUBOH. 



In the windows were formerly : — 






1. Albany : Gules, a lion rampant or. 

2. Clifton : Chequey or and gules, a bend ermine. 

3. Fitzwalter : Or, a fess between two chevronels gules. 



APP. LXXV.] 



MORTIMER OF ATTLBBOROUGH. 



437 








4. Clare : Or, three chevronels gules. 

5» Ufford : Sable, a cross engrailed or. 

6. Ratcliffe : Argent, a bend engrailed sable. 







~ 


1 l_l 






J 1 


' 




T ! 1 


','.'.'.', 


^ 


^ 


■^ 


st 


? 


/ 


^ 



7. ^^^ngfield : Argent, on a bend gales, between two cotises sable, three pair of wings joined 
in lure of the first. 

8. Herling : Argent, a unicorn rampant sable. 

9. Calthorpe : Chequey or and azure, a fess ermine. 






10. Kerdeston : Argent, a saltier engrailed gules. 

11. Mortimer: Or, fleur6 de lis sable. 

12. Mortimer : The same, with a bordure gules. 



438 



ANTHONY GURNET. 



[part II, 




-ir 




13. Mortimer: The same, with a bordure engrailed gules. 

14. Mortimer : The same, with a bendlet gobomi6 argent and g^ules. 

15. Mortimer : The same, with a label gules. 






16. Mortimer, of Ricard'H Castle : Barry of six, or and vert, fleur6 de lis counterchanged. 

17. Mortimer, of Ricard's Castle : The same, harry of four only. 

18. Moulton : Three bamilete, in a bordure gules. 





19. Ratcliffe : impaling Herling. 

20. Ratcliffe, impaling Clare.* 



* Bloraefield in Attleboigh. 




EFFIOT OF ONE OF THE FITZ RALF FAMILY IN THE CHURCH AT PBBMABSH, 



APP. LXXVI.] 



PITZ-RALP OP SUPPOLK. 



439 



Upon some old wainscot in the church were 
aeen by Mr. Norris, Nos. 19 and 20 of the 
foregoing shields, viz. : — 

Ratcliffe, impaling Herling, and under the 
shield the initials A. R. 

Ratcliffe, impaling Clare.* 

* Nonifl MSS. ; Church Collections, Attlebnigh. 



In the reign of Henry VIII. Robert Earl of 
Sussex upon the dissolution of Mortimers* 
college or chantry, destroyed most of the monu- 
ments in Attleburgh church.f 

t Blomefield in Attleburgh. 



APPENDIX LXXVI. 



ON THE FAMILY OF FITZ RALF. 




This family was en- 
tirely distinct from the 
baronial race of the 
the same name which 
flourished at an early 
period in Nottingham- 
shire^ and were barons 
by tenure. The Fitz 
Ralfs of Suffolk were originally called de 
Pebeners, from a manor held by them ; but 
the son of Ralf de Pebeners was called Fitz 
Ralf, and was the Sir John Fitz Ralf who mar- 
ried Margery, coheir of Sir Thomas Mortimer, 
before the year 1402. I cannot clearly discover 
in what way the family of Fitz Ralf ended in 
coheiresses. John Fitz Ralf, son of Sir John and 
Margery Mortimer, settled the manor of Great 
EUingham upon his son, John Fitz Ralf, on his 
marriage with Alice, daughter of Sir John 
Walesborough, but in default of their having 



male issue on his daughter Maude, who married 
Sir Robert Conyers. According to a pedigpree 
by Cook Clarenceaux, John Fitz Ralf and Alice 
Walesborough had a daughter Elizabeth, who 
married Sir Robert Chamberlain, Knt. and it 
appears that in her right he was lord of Bemham 
Broom, part of the estates of the Mortimers ; 
but there was some error here, as it is evident 
that Maude Fitz Ralf, who married Sir Robert 
Conyers, was a coheiress of her family and their 
possessions ; and I think Elizabeth Fitz Ralf, 
who married Sir Robert Chamberlain, may 
have been another sister and coheir. Robert 
Fitz Ralf, mentioned in the Scrope and Gros- 
venor roll, was probably a younger son of John 
Fitz Ralf and Margery Mortimer. 

The following is a pedigree of Fitz Ralf of 
Suffolk, as far as I can fix it, by a comparison 
of the different authorities. 



[pedigree 



440 



ANTHONY GURNEY. 



[part !!• 



PEDIGREE OF FITZ HALF. 

WiLUAM of Pebenen, Esq.^. . . . 



RiLPH, of Pebenen, son and heir. 



j_. 



WiLUAM, of Pebenen, son and h( 
of Raufe. 



eii^.,. 



Raufb, a Priest 



Joan. 



AONM. 



Raufb, of Pebenen.^. 



Lo&A. 



Cathaunb. 



r 



Sir John Fitz Raufb, of Pebenen,^MABOAB]ET, eldest dan. and coheir of 
Knt. 1402. J Thomas Mortimer. 

I — z — T z . rr Z 1 



John Fitz Raufb, Esq. son^ 
and heir. 



rULIAN, 
1446. 



died 



Robert Fitz&alf. See Scrope and Grosreiior 
Roll, ToL ii. p. 172. 



WiLUAM, John Fitz Raufe, of Skalton,=AucB, dan. 

oh. 8. p. Norfolk, Esq. s. p. of Sir John 

Whalesbuig, 
Knt. 



Maud, wife of Sir Robert Conyen, of Fenning- 

ham in Suffolk. 
JoANE, ox. Robert Hotot 
Elizabeth, mar. Sir Robert Chamberlain, Knt. 

(Qnere whether daughter of John Fiti Ralf and 

Alice Walesbuigh ?) 



(Harl. MS. No. 1047, fol. 58 b. Scrope and Grosrenor Roll, vol. ii. p. 172.) 



APPENDIX LXXVIL 



ON THE FAMILY OF CONYERS, OF FINNINGHAM, IN SUFFOLK. 



Sir Robert Conyers, who married the 
heiress of Fitzralph, and one of the represen- 
tatives of the Mortimers as above stated, was 
of Finningham, in Suffolk.* 

And we find that Adam le Conyers held 
land in that comity, at Felmyngham,f the d 1st 
Edw. LJ 

Thomas Conyers died the 20th Edw. lY. 
seized of the manor of Necton Hall, in Berton, 

* Harl. MS. No. 1047, fol. 58 b. 
t Qnsre, whether Finningham ? 
X Rot. Hand. vol. ii. p. 194. 



near Bury St. Edmund's, and the manors of 
Hepworth and Fynynham in SaffoIk,§ which 
date so nearly corresponds with that of Thomas 
Conyers, son of Sir Robert Conyers and 
Maude Fitzralph, who died in 1488, the 22nd 
Edw. IV., that we think it probable they relate 
to the same person. 

The family of Conyers was originally Nor- 
man, and were Barons of Conyers, Conniers, 
Connieres, or Coignieres, in Normandy. || 

§ Inqois. post mort. toL It. p. 402. 

II R^herches sur Domeeday. Caen, 1842, p. 60, 



APP. LXXVTI.] 



CONYERS OP PINNINGHAM. 



441 



A £uniljof this name existed at Sockburne, 
in the Bishoprick of Durham, as early as the 
9th of Stephen, 1144,* and were raised to the 
rank of Barons the 22d of Henry VII. in the 
person of Wlliam Conyers, or Corners. This 
branch became extinct in the male line on the 
death of John third Lord Conyers, in the Slst 
of Philip and Mary. 



Conyers, Lord Con- 
yersy Azure, a maunch 
or, an annulet for dif- 
ference.t 




Conyers of Suffolk, 
and Conyers as quar- 
tered by Gumey, 
Azure, a maunch or. j: 



Sire Robert de Con- 
yers, de or, la maunche 
de azure, e ove lameyn 
(with a haud).§ 



Monsire de Coniers 
port d'azure a une 
maunche d'ermine.!! 



Monsire de Comers, 
Seigneur de Land- 
ployn, d'asure a une 
maunche d'argent.lF 




I am not able to give a pedigree of the Conyers's of Suffolk from the documents to which I 
haye had access. 



APPENDIX LXXVIII. 



ON THB LOVELLS OF BERTON BENDISH IN NORFOLK. 



This fiunily claim a common descent with 
the Lords Lovell of Titchmarch and Minster 
Love], from the house of I very in France. 



The Lords Lovell held the manor of Docking 
in Norfolk for seven generations. Andrew 
Lovell was living in the reign of Henry II., 



* Dugdale^ Baronage, toL iL p. 390. 
t Ednumdaonli Diet of Henldiy. 
II Dud. temp. Edw. UI. p. 45. 



t Banks's Extinct Bar. toI. ii. p. 115. 

§ RoU of Arms temp. Edw. II. published by Nicdaa, p. 97. 

f Ibid. 



442 



ANTHONY GURNBT. 



[part H. 



and father of Thomas, who married the heiress 
of John Bendish of Barton Bendish. William 
Lovell held a knight's fee at the same place in 
the time of Henry III., and John Lovell at- 



tended Prince Edward to the -Holy Land the 
54th of the same king. From him the descent 
of this fBunily is clear, according to the sub- 
joined pedigree. 



PEDIGREE OF LOVELL 





OF BARTON BENDISH. 



John Loyell, Lord of the manor of Barton Bendiih 1315.^.. 
John Loyell, of Barton Bendiah, died 1828.^.. 



WiLTiAM Loyell, of Barton Bendiah, 31 Edw. IIL 1857.=?= 

Joan, dau. and heir of^^HOMis Loyell, Eaq. of Barton Bendiib,=ALiCB 



Robert Muswell. 



T 



Ob, 1421. 



Nicholas Loyell, of Woot- Thomas s^Ceciua 

ton, Esq. ob. 1453. Loyell, 

Ralph Loyell, of Beacham- of Bar- 
well, living 1458, leaving ton 
issue. Bendish. 



mr 



-n 



r 



William Lotxll, of AucL 

Wangford. Bka- 

JoBN Loyell, under tbicb. 

13 in 1421, to whom 

his fiOher gave estates 

in Cleyeby SwafTham. 



Thomas Loyell, mar. Ann, dau. of 
Robert Tappes, Alderm. of Norwich. 



Sir Ralph Loyell, Knt. of 
Bendish, died before 1488 



Sir RoBEBicf=ELA, dau. of 



Loyell, of 

Hingham, 

Knt. ob. 

1522, 

knighted 

1497. 



ThomasCon- 
yers, Esq. 



Sir Gbeoort= 
Loyell, of 
Barton Bend- 
ish, Knt. liv- 
ing 1504. 



1 I I' I 

Ursula, mar. William Hussey, Knt. 
Maboabei, mar. Anthony €hamey» 
Esq. 
Ela, mar. John Bilsby, Esq. 
Elizabeth, mar. John Fitz Lewes. 



=Mabgaret, dau. of Sir Thomas Loyell, Knight of the Garter* 

William Brandon, Privy Councillor, Chancellor of Exdiequer, 

not living 1504, and to Henry VII. and VIII. and Tnuant of 

sister of Charles the Household, ob. 1524; mar. 1 w. Siea- 

Brandon, Duke of nor, dau. and coheir of JeStej Radclilf, of 

Suffolk. Fransden, Esq. ; 2 w. Isabel, dau. of Edwaxd 
Lord Roose, of Hemlak. 



Sir Francis Loyell, heir by 
will to his uncle Sir Thomas, 
Knight of the (barter, left 
issue. From him descended 
the Lovells of Herling. 



Sir Thomas Lo-^Kathaunb, Maboabbt, 



yell, of Barton 
Bendish, living 
1526. 



d.ofSir Tho- 
mas Wode- 
house, of 
Kimberlej. 



unmarried 
1501. 



Thomas Loyell, died v. p. s. p. ; mar. Elizabeth, dau. 
of John Dethick, Esq. of Wormegay. 



Maboaret, mar. John Karsey, of 
Reresby in Lincolnshire. 



APP, LXXVIII.] LOVBLL OF BBRTON BENDISH. 



443 



The Jbllawing u the Will of Sir Robert 
Lovellf of Hinghanh Knight^ father of 
Margofret^ the wife of Anthony Oumey. 
Extracted from the Regittry of the Lord 
Bishop of Norwich. 

In dei noie. Amen, the xx daie of De- 
cembr, yn the yer of our Lord Ood, 
M.CCCCC.XIX, I, Rob* Lovell, knyght, yn 
the countie of NorflF. baying yn good 
memorie & mynd, laude & preyses to 
Almyghty God for my creation, and spe- 
cially for my redemption, make my tes- 
tarn* & laste will yn man^ & forme fol- 
lowing: First, I bequeath my soul to 
Abnyghty God, to his moste blessed 
mother and maide Saynt Marie, and to 
all the Saynts yn hevyn, and my body to 
be buried wher my execu? shall thynk 
most convenyent ; Secundaryly, I give & 
bequeith to the Cathedrall Churche yn 
Norwiche, xx^. Hm, I give & bequeith 
to the aulta yn Skulton, for my tithes 
negligently forgoten, xs. Hm, I give and 
bequeith to every house of Freres yn 
Norwiche, Lynne, and Thetford, to eche 
house, vi^. ymd. to praie for my soule, my 
frends soules, and all xpeyn soules, and 
al the soules that I am bound to praie 
for, Ifm, I wuU have oon honest preste 
scouled to syng and praie for my soule, 
my frends soules, and all xpeyn soules, 
and for all the soules that I have had any 
good of yn any cause, and he to syng by 
the space of x yeres wher I shall happen 
to be buried, begynnyng immediatly after 
my decesse, and he to have for his salary 
y/i. xiii#. iiij^f. yerly duryng all the said 
yeris and long if that my goodes male 



3 



extend by the discretion of my execu?. 
I{m, I will have an other honest preste 
scouled at Cambrige to praie for my soule 
and my frends souls by the space of iij 
yeris, to whom I bequeith for his salary 
xxiiij marc. Hm, I wull ther be at my 
buriall xx marc deltt yn almeis for my 
soule, and all the soules that I am bound 
to praie for, and all xpeyn soules ; and at 
tyme convenyent after that, by the des* 
cretion of my executof, I wull ther be 
other XX marc deltt yn almeis amongs my 
tenants tha need it yn such townes wher 
I have any lond, and yn other places 
moste nedefull, by the discretion of my 
executs, to praie for my soule, my frends 
soules, & all xpeyn soules. Itm, I give 
and bequeith to Ele my wif all my tene- 
ments whiche I dwell yn, with iiij acres of 
lande & oon incloes, with all th'apptences 
yn Hyngham which I late bought of the- 
xecut" of Margarett Heyhowe, the execute 
of Rob* Belle, and also the tent that I 
pchesd yn Hyngham of Richard Baker, 
also that I purchesd of Sir Thomas Wod- 
hous, Knyghte, & Rob* Browse, To have 
& to hold to hu, hur heiris and assigneis, 
frely for ever, upon condition that if ther 
be any money due to the said S' Thomas 
Wodhous at the daie of my deptyng out 
of this world for the purchase of the said 
incloeB, that then my said wif to paie it 
of hur owne propre goodes. Also I give 
& bequeith to Ele my wif, my messuage 
called Crosses, w* all tent" included to the 
same, with all their apj^teiinces yn Hyng- 
ham forsaid, to have and to hold to hur, 
for terme of hur life, and after hur decesse 
to remayn to my heyris. Moreover, I 
M 



444 



ANTHONY GURNBY. 



[part II. 



give to my said wif all hur appareill and 
juellis concernyng hur pson, whiche she 
hath Ysed to weer, and also all man^ of 
goodes & catalles whiche wer named and 
called my said wif s^ that is to saie^ horse, 
neett, & sheep, now & herafter duryng 
both our lifs togither leyyng be so named 
and knowen the daie of my decesse, to 
hur frely as hir owne propre goodes to 
give or to sell ; also over and beside the 
said cattail called wiPs, I give to my said 
wif c weders, c hoggs, c ewis, x krow,* oon 
bull, iiij horses, oon carte, & oon plough, 
with all the appareill concernyng the 
same. Also I give to my said wif the oon 
half of my silver plate yn what fasion 
soever it be ; and, moreover, I ^ve and 
bequeith to my said wif all my necessary 
utensiles and stuff of household, except 
iij fetherbedds, with their appareill pteyn- 
ing to a bed, of the whiche I give to eche 
of my doughters oon of the said bedds by 
the delivery of my said wife, suche as she 
thynk convenyent for theym ; also, I give 
to eche of my doughters that be maried, 
that is, to witt, to my dough? Hussay & 
my dough? Oumaie, to iche of theym, 
xxx/t. yn money; and, also, I give to 
Ele my dough? xx/i. ; also I give and be- 
queith to Ele Lewes x marc yn money, 
and to iche of my doughters children x/t. 

* Crone, an old ewe. 



of lawfull money of Tnglond, when thei 
coffi to th^age of xv yeris, and yn meane 
tyme the money to remayne yn the bands 
of my said wif. And if it fortune that 
any of theym decease before the com to 
the said age of xv yeris, that then the said 
money to theym pteynyng be disposed for 
my soule, my wief s soule, and all our 
firends soules, by my executours. Also I 
wull that my cheane of gold, and all the 
residue of my plate, with all other my 
goodes & catallis not gevyn nor bequethed, 
be sold by my • . . executours to the pform- 
ance of this my testament & last wilL 
Km, I give to the manage of pouer maid* 
ens XX marc. I&n, I give to the amend- 
yng of highe waies, wher my execut* shall 
thynk most need is, xB. I&n, I give to 
the amendyng of the pulpitt yn the greaue 
yard of the cathedrall church abovesaid, 
xg. Ifm, I wull & requyre all my fefiieb 
and co-feffeis that be enfeff'd yn all my 
said landes and tent^ to make a suffident 
& lawfull astate. Itm, I wull and make 
my executours. Sir Thomas Lovell my 
brother, and Ele Lovell my wif. Doctor 
Will"* Bokenham, Sir John Adcock, pson 
of Hyngham, & Sir John Coke. 

Proved 26^ September, 1522, by Ele 
Lovell, testator's widow, and Sir John 
Adcock, and Sir John Coke.t 

t R^. Briggi, f. 110 b. 



APP. LXXIX.] LESTRANGB HOUSEHOLD ACCOUNTS. 



445 



APPENDIX LXXIX. 



Extract from ths Household Accounts of the 
lady of Sir Thomas Lestrange, Knt. of 
Hunstanton^ the 24/A year of Henry VIIL 
(1533), m the possession of Mr. Styleman 
Lestrange. The Accounts are divided into 
weeks. 

** The ziiii weeke. 

Sudaye. 

It'm, a pygge .... vrf. 

It'iDy Tii rabbetts off store. 

It*m9 ii mallards kylled wythe the spannyells. 

Mudaye. 

It'm, iiii rabbetts off store. 
It'm, a kapon off store. 

Tewysdaye. 

It'in, iiii rabbetts and ii hems off store. 
It'iDy a mallard kylld wythe the spanyells. 

Weddynsdaye. 

It'm, iiii rabbetts off store. 

Thiirsdaye. 

It'm,apyggeoff gyste. 

It*m, Ti rabbetts and ii hems off store. 

It*m, ii fesands off gyste. * 

* GjBte, modem agist, here dearly used in the aenie 
of confined for feeding, or fed for killing. 



Frydaye. Satterdaye. 

It'm, spente in the same weeke, 

i lynge, xiiei. and ii codds, 

viiirf. Sm*t . . . xxrf. 

It'm, in playes and eells . . vmd. 

It*m, in eggs .... yiii</. 

It'm, in buttere . . . iiic^. 

It'm, in butter xviii kaksl of 

store. 
It'm, spente in the seyd weke in 

byff V stone 
It'm, to a veyll 
It'm, ii muttons off store. 
It'm, a lambe off store. 
It'm, in whette iii*^ § 
It'm, in myxstelyn a combe 
It'm, in here iiii barrells . 
It'm, in candle ii'^ . 
Straungers in the sam weke, Mr. 

Gumeye, Crystofer Pem, and 

hys wyffe, wythe other off the 

cuntreye, and so the sm^ of 

thys weeke, besyde gyste and 

store xTs. Jid. 

See Archeologia, voL 25, p. 41 1, for further 
extracts from these accounts. 



iiir. 


iiud. 




xuid. 


ms. 




us. 


xd. 


y\s. 


ymd 




md. 



t t. €. summa. 
§ i, €, bushels. 



I ue.kegs. 



446 




FRANCIS GURNEY, 

Son and heir apparent of Anthony Gumey, Esq. was bom 20th August 
1521 ;' he is always written of Irsted, where he livedo 
his father having probably given him that manor inter 
alia upon his marriage. He died before his father 
Anthony Gumey, Esq. ; in what year does not appear. 
In the 35th Henry Vlll.'* he married Helen, otherwise 
EUynor, the daughter of Robert Holdiche, of Ran- 
worth, Esq. which Helen was born 23d June 1528;^ 
they were married 6th August 1543, when she was fifteen and he twenty- 
two years old. 

The Holdiches of Ranworth were a gentleman's 
family of ancient extraction. They bore for arms. 
Argent, a chevron azure, between three pies proper. 
(Appendix LXXX). 
By Helen his wife he had issue : 
" 1st. Elizabeth, bom 3d January 1645, D. L. C. God- 
mothers, his mother Gumay, Mrs. Hobart of Plumstead, 
and his brother Palmer godfather. 

2nd. Frances, bom 27 December 1547. Godmothers, Lady Jane 
Howard, his sister Haw, and his mother Holdiche. 

3d. Henry, bom 21 January 1548. Godmother, Lady Catharine 
Howard ; godfathers, his father Holdiche, &c. 

4th. Anthony, bom 26 March 1550. Godmother, Lady Surrey, and his 
brothers Richard and John Holdiche godfathers.*^" 
5th. Thomas. 
6th. Anne.* 
Mrs. Hobart here mentioned was Helen, daughter of John Blenner- 




* Memorandum in his own handwriting, copied in Norris MSS. vol. i. Misc. Norff. Papers. 

^ Cole*s Escheats, Harl. 760, p. 812. c Memorandum ut supra. 

^ Ibid. e Heralds' Visitation and Anthony Gomey's wilL 







^nrr) 








a^'^^S^mi 


P 


.^ ^ 


>J^ -'-°— - ^S^^flB 


1 


1 


^^^nJ^HA^"^'- '^=H^ ~^^^^SK 






■^HH^ ::":^mg^^ 




^^[■■Ikfdd 






3^^ 




"^ ..J^ 


m" '■■**•" 


51^ 


[|:,l|r^ 


n^^ 

^■1^; 




^■«H» 


'^^ 


"^i^^= 


fe^, •";.^i{*^i;vf . 


'* '^^z '.- --^ ■ ■■■■■' 

r 


Si 


^?1 






IP 



IRSTEAD HALL, NORFOLK. 










A.D. 1550.] 



HIS TOMB AT IRSTED. 



447 



hasset, of Frenz in Norfolk, Esq.; she died 1557^ having married Miles 
Hobart, of Plumstead, Esq.' 

His brother Palmer was husband to another daughter of Robert Hol- 
diche, Esq.'* 

His sister Haw was Ursula, another sister of his wife's, married to 
Henry Hawe, of Helgay, Norfolk, Esq.,*^ where is a handsome mural 
monument to her and her husband. 

Of the members of the Howard family here mentioned. Lady Surrey 
was Frances, daughter of John de Vere, fifteenth Earl of Oxford, and wife 
of the celebrated poet Earl of Surrey, son of Thomas Duke of Norfolk.^ 
Of her daughters, Lady Jane Howard was afterwards married to Charles 
Neville, Earl of Westmoreland ; and the second. Lady Catharine, to Henry 
Lord Berkeley. 

In the Norris MSS. is a calendar of the Norfolk fairs, transcribed from 
the original written by this Francis Gumey. 

We have before observed that fairs were formerly the occasions of con- 
vivial meetings amongst the gentry in Norfolk and elsewhere, and were 
important for the purchase and sale of different articles which could not 
otherwise be obtained so easily. 

Francis Gumey died before his father, but in what year we do not find, 
and in his father's will is a provision for his younger children. He was 
buried at L:T3ted, in the chancel of the church there, where there was in 
Mr. Norris*s time a stone to his memory, according to the sketch below : 



7 ft. 1 in. by 2 ft. 11 in. a. 



uuuuud 



CJVAJULA- 




» Hobart Pedigree, Norris MSS. 
c Holdiche Pedigree, Norris MSS. 



^ Holdiche Pedigree, Norris MSS. 
^ Collins's Peerage, voL i. p. 101. 



448 



FRANCIS GURNBY. 



[part II. 



The engrailed cross was in a leaden plate ; in the space A was a plate 
with an inscription, which was gone. 

Helen or EUynor his wife survived him, and was a legatee in the will 
of Margaret Holdiche, of Ranworth, her step-mother, dated 13 June ISSQ, 
proved 1st October following.^ She re*married John Jem^an, who was 
nephew of the said Margaret Holdiche ; this appears in the parish roister 
of St. Mary's, Norwich : " Master Johan Jemegan and Hellenor Gumey 
were despowsed together the 4th dale of Januarie/* 

The arms of Francis Gumey, with the full quarterings, and impaling 
Holdiche, are in the window at Walsingham Abbey. 

Quarterly of eight : 

1. Gumey, 

2. Warren, with a mullet on a crescent 
for diflference, 

3. Baconsthorpe, 

4. Wauncy, 
6. Lovell, 

6. Conyers, 

7. Fitz-Ralph, 

8. Mortimer of Attleburgh, 



impaling Holdiche. 




^ Norris MSS.; TVinstead, page 87 ; and Appendix to Norfolk Monuments and FamOiei, toL ii. 
art Ranworth. 



A.D. 1650.] DRURY — SEYVE — STUBBS. 449 

2. Ela, sister of Francis Gumey, married Drury, Esq. by whom 

she had Anthony Drury, mentioned in his grandfather's will, who was 
buried at Irsted in 1577, and mentions his mother in his will, she being at 
that time the second wife of Christopher Sejrve, of Mundford in Norfolk, 
Gent, whom she married at Irstead, 12th Sept. 1541, as appears by the 
parish register there, " Solemnizatum fiiit matrimonium inter Christo- 
ferum Sejrve, generosum, de Mountford, ex una parte, et Elam Drory, 
viduam, filiam Antonii Gumay, Armigeri, ex altera parte, xii^ die mensis 
Septembris anno D'ni m'" quingen® xli® et anno regni regis Henrici Octavi 
tricessimo tertio." 

The Drurys were a very noted family in Norfolk and 



^T^ 




Suffolk, Uving at Rougham and Riddlesworth ; they bore 
for arms. Argent, a chief vert, charged with a cross tau 
between two mullets or. 

Of this family was Sir Drew Drury, Knt. Usher of 
the Privy Qiamber to Queen Elizabeth, and one of the 
Keepers of Mary Queen of Scots.* 
The Se3rves were a gentleman's family seated at Mundford for several 
generations. 

3. Elizabeth, the half-sister of Francis Gumey, and daughter of An- 
thony Gumey by Elizabeth Tyrrell his second wife, married 25 Sept. 
1561, Richard Stubs, of Baconsthorpe, Esq. as appears by the parish 
register at Irstead : " Solemnizatum fuit matrimonium inter Richardum 
Stubbs, de Bakenstropp, generosum, et Elizabetham Gumey de eadem, 
generosam, xxv*^ die Septembris 1661." By this it would seem she was 
resident at Baconsthorpe at that time. 

The arms of Stubs are. Sable, on a bend or, between 
three pheons argent, as many fermaulx gules. 

Either this Richard Stubs, or his son of the same 
name, presented Edmund Gumey, great-nephew oi 
Elizabeth, his godson, to the living of Edgfield in 1614. 
Richard Stubs, who was the son of this Elizabeth Gur- 
ney, married Anne, daughter and heir of Richard 




* Blomefield in Riddlesworth. 



450 



FRANCIS GURNEY. 



[part II. 



Goodwin^ or Gooding, of the Middle Temple, and widow of John L*Es- 
trange, and left two daughters and coheirs ; one of whom, Alice, married 
Sir Hamon KEstrange, of Hunstanton, Knight. Excellent portraits of 
this Lady KEstrauge, and her sister, are still remaining at Hunstanton 
Hall.» 



^ The only piece of coloured glass formerly remaining in the windows of that ancient mansion 
was apparently very old. Gules, two lions passant argent, over all a bendlet or, for L'Estrange, 
impaling, Argent, a cross engrailed gules ; but we know of no marriage between a L'Estrange and a 
Gumey, which this glass certainly implies ; probably it is a mistake for Heydon, the arms of 
which family are nearly similar. These arms were destroyed during the recent alterations at 
Hunstanton Hall. 




..^ 



A. D. 1550.] STUBB8 — LB8TRAN6E — YELVERTON. 



451 



Dyonisia, the other daughter of Richard Stubbs, Esq. married Sir Wil- 
liam Yelverton, Knight and Baronet, of Rougham, who presented Edmund 
Gurney to the rectory of Harpley in 1620. It seems likely the manor of 
Harpley had been settled on the issue of Anthony Gumey's second marriage 
with Elizabeth Tyrrell, and that by Elizabeth, the only child of that mar- 
riage, it passed to the families of Stubbs and Yelverton. Sir WiUiam 
Yelverton sold it to the Walpoles in 1642. 

The pedigree of the family of Stubbs is as follows : 



PEDIGREE 




OF STUBBS. 



Robert Stdbbs, of Scottow, in Norfolk.: 



II 



WiLUAM Stubbs, oI^Maroaret, dau. of .... , and wid. Ann STUBBa.=NicHOLAS .... Stubbs, a^. . . . Doooitt, 
Soottow, 1460. I of Roger Tayleour ; ob. 1464. Barker. daughter. ofSufRolk. 

I * 1 

John Stubbs, of Soottow, dead^HAWiss, daughter of Roger Taylor, Katherine Stubbs.^^alter Rawlinks. 



before 1490. 



deady] 



ob. 1606. 



WiL- Walter =pEthelred, 
dau.of John 
Peers, of 
Northwold. 



Stubbs, 
Stubbs, of Buz- 
ob. ip. ton, eldest 



J 



Margaret 
Stubbs, 
married 
John 
Tame. 



Edmund STUBBs,2d 
son, clerk, rector of 
St MichaePt Co»- 
lany, Norwich, Mas- 
ter of Gonville Hall. 



John Stubbs,^ ALicE,dau. 



of Scottow, 
Srd son, ob. 
1525. 



John Stubbs^-pEIla, 
of Buxton. 



dau. and 
heir of William 
Skipwith, of Hel- 
gay, Norfolk. 



Andrew STUBBs,=f=AucE, dau. 



ofHamond 
Clopton, of 
Cheston, 
Suffolk. 



' I I ^ 
Edward Stubbs, 

clerk, 1490. 
Robert Stubbs, 
1490. 



of Bungay, Suf- 
folk. 



and co-heir of 
John RicherSy 
of Bungay. 



Edmund 
Stubbs. 



Mart 

Stubbs. 
Dorothy 

Stubbs. 



EuzABBTH Stubbs. 
Feithe Stubbs, 
1525. 



BiCHABO Stubbs, of £llingham,=j=ELiZABETH, dau. of Anthony Anne STUBBSi=FRANCis, son and heir of Anthony 
I Oumey, of Ellingham. Ouybon, of Suffolk. 



Norfolk. 



Richard Stubbs, of Sedgford, Eaq.^ANNE Gooding, widow of John Lestiange. 



ALiCE.=Sir Hamon Lestrange, Knt. DT0Ni8iA.=Sir Wiluam Ysltkrton, Knt. and Bart 
From the Harleian MSS. No. 1552, and from Norris MSS. 



3 N 



452 



FRANCIS OURNBY. 



[part II. 



APPENDIX LXXX. 



FAMILY OF HOLDICHE. 



The &mily of Holdiche was seated at Did- 
lington as early as the reign of Edward III. 
They also possessed Randworth, in Tunstead 
hundred, and other manors. In the 7th Hen. V. 
Richard Holdych, of Didlington, was one of 
those gentlemen of ancient coat-armour who 
were returned, by the justices of peace for the 
county, as one of the twenty lances to serve 
the king in the French wars.* 

The arms of Holdiche, given in the text, 
differ from those generally borne by the &mily, 



and which are still re- 
maining at Beaupr^ 
Hall and at West Dere- 
ham Abbey, where the 
pies or magpies are 
placed on the chevron : 
Argent, on a chevron 
azure three pies pro- 
per. 

The following pedigree of the family of 
Holdiche is taken from the Norris MSS. 




* Blomefield in Dadlington. 



PEDIGREE 




OF HOLDITCHE. 



Richard Holditche, 1846, 1341.^. . . . 

Richard Holditche, 1387, 1865.^AifNB, dau. of John de Bernej, 1874. 

I ' 

Thomas Holditche, 1392.^, 



J- 



Thomas Holditche, 1482, 1444.^Euzabeth. . , 



Richard Holditche, Esq.^jANE, dau. of Sir William YeWerton, 



1462. 



n — 
Thomas. 
Richard. 



I 



A ONES. 



JOAlf. 



of Rougham. 



Katharikk. 



John Holditche, Esq. of Ran worthy. . • • dan. of . . . 
and Didlington, ob. 1477. I Southwell, Esq. 



Margaret. 
Etbeldreda. 



Anne ; mar. Henry Repps, 
Gent of Thorpe Blarket. 



John Holditche, Esq. ob. 1487.^Euzabeth, dan. of John Bemej, of Reedham, Esq. ob. 1524. 



A son, who died 2. w. Margaret, dau.=RoBERT Holditche, of Ran-^1. w dau. 

s. p. before 1522. of Edward Jemegan, of worth and Didlington, Esq. I of .. .. Fincham, 
Somerleytown, E^. ob. 1558. | Esq. 



3 daughters. 



APP. LXXX.] 



HOLDICHB OF RANWORTH. 



453 



R0BKBT,=pUB8ULA 



left 
iiiae. 



R1CHX8. 



MlLE8.:^HRIS- 
TIAKA. 



Richard, 

eldest 

son, ob. 

8.p.l563; 

m&r. 

Anne. 
Thomas, 

8. p. 

1379. 



1571. 



Edmund, 
minor in 
1579. 



John 



1 — 

John Hol-=t=Euza- 

DITCHS, 

Esq. ob. 
1589. 



' I I I I I I 

Helen, or Eleanor ; mar. 1 h. Francis 

Gomej, Esq. ; 2 h. John Jem^gao. 
Dorothy ; mar. Thomas Feamley, of 

Creating in Suffolk, Gent. 

Anne ; mar Thirlbye, Gent. 

Ursula ; mar. Henzy H«igh, of Uel- 

g»y. Esq. 
• • • • ; mar. • • • • Palmer. 
Frances ; mar. .. •• Rookwood, Esq. 

of Weston. 



T" 



HOLDITCHE, 

under 24 
in 1579. 



Jane. Thomas, =pGris£Ll. Richard. Henry HoLDiTCHE,=pSusAN,da. Frances. 



ob. 1617. 



I I — _ — 

Frances. John Holditche, under 10 
anno 1617. 



of Ranworth and Did- 
Ungton, Esq. living 
1608. 



of 

Denny, 

Esq. 



Elizabeth. 

H ELLEN. 

Ursula. 



Elizabeth, sole dau.^9ir John Sedlet, of Kent, Bart who sold 
and heir. Ranworth. 




454 



[part II. 



HENRY GURNAY I. 

Eldest son of Francis Gumey, by Helen Holdiche, was bom 21 January 
1 548.^ Lady Catharine Howard was his godmother, and Richard Holdiche^ 
Esq. his grandfather, was one of his godfathers. He is styled of Great 
Ellingham and Irsted, and was heir to his grandfather, Anthony Gur- 
ney, Esq. at whose death, in December 1556, he was seven years of age. 

In 1572 he was seized, inter alia, of the manor of Irsted, holden of the 
Bishop of Norwich ; the manor of Ellingham Magna, holden of the heirs 
of the Lfords Bardolf ; the manor of West Barsham, holden by the service 
of one knight^s fee of the honour of Castle Acre ; Gumey's manor in 
Hingham, holden of the heirs of Henry Liord M orley, as of his manor at 
Hingham, and the advowson of the third part of the church at Atde- 
borough,** to which he presented in 1581. 

In 1587 he purchased the manor and advowson of Harpham, and in 
1588 he presented to that church, and again in 1602.^ 

In the 38th of Elizabeth (1595) he bought the rectory of West 
Barsham (quaere, the advowson?) of Thomas Fermor, Esq. for £100 
consideration money, witnesses, Thomas Gournay and Charles Calthorpe. 
A copy of the deed of sale is in the charter room at Hunstanton Hall in 
Norfolk. 

Henry Gumey married Ellen, daughter of John Blennerhasset, or 





A Account of his children by Francis Gumay ut supra. 
^ Blomefield in Harpham. 



^ Blomefield passim* 



A^ D. 1595.J PURITANICAL TENDENCY- 455 

Bleverhasset, of Barsham in Suffolk, Esq. ^^ his eldest daughter by the 
second coheir of Sir Edward Itchingham. Sir Owen Hopton marrying 
the other, from whom descend the Lord Wentworth and the Lord Shan- 
doyse/** Blennerhasset bore Gules, a chevron between three dolphins or. 

This John Blennerhasset^ or Bleverhasset, was of an ancient family, 
taking its name from Blennerhasset, a manor in Cumberland (Appendix 
LXXXI ;) he was steward of Norwich, and burgess for that city in the Par- 
liament which met at Westminster the 13th of Elizabeth (1570). Mar- 
garet, the aunt of this John Blenerhasset, had married John Eyre, Esq. 
one of the auditors or receivers of Henry VIIL ; a great receiver of monas- 
teries, and amongst others of that of St. Edmundsbury.^ He also pur- 
chased the four monasteries of Carmelites, Minorites, Friers Preachers, 
and Augustinians, at Lynn. It seems likely that from this marriage with 
the Hassets, or Blennerhassets, the puritanical tendency of some of the 
Gumeys first originated ; a jealousy of which appears in a passage of the 
will of this Henry Gumay I. 

By Ellen Blennerhasset Henry Gurney had issue seven sons and five 
daughters. 

i. Thomas Gurney, Esq. of West Barsham, who died before his father;*^ 
2. Henry; 3. Edmund; 4. Anthony; 5. Bassingboum, died vit. pat.** 
6. Francis ; 7. Leonard ; 8. Elizabeth ; 9. Anne ; 10. Mary ; 11. Amy ; 
12. AbigaU.* 

Ellen, the wife of Henry Gurnay I. died before her husband, but in 
what year I do not find. She was buried in the north aisle of Great 
EUingham church. Henry Gurney himself survived until he was seventy- 
five years old. 

By his will, made by the name of Henry Gurney, Esq. of Ellingham, 



' Blomefield in West Barsham, and Spelman MSS. Gurney Pedigree. 
^ S\ye\xDan on Sacrilege, ed. of 1846, p. 184. 

^ Blomefield in West Barsham, and Spebnan MSS. Gumej Pedigree. See memorandum at 
page 370. 

d Norfolk Visitation, Harl. MSS. 1552, p 53. 
e Heralds' Visitation and Henry Gumey's will. 



456 HENRY GURNAY I. [PART II. 

dated May 1614^ he directed to be buried in the north aisle of the church 
at Great Ellingham, by his wife, and recited that most of his children had 
received their portions, as Thomas, Henry, Edmund, Anthony, Francis^ 
Leonard and Elizabeth ; he gave to his daughter Ame £200, and to his 
daughter Abigail £200, to each at marriage, or within two years after his 
decease, if not married, and £20 a year each in the mean time. And if 
these daughters Ame and Abigail die without a will £200 of their portions 
he leaves to be distributed among his younger sons, '^ So that none hold 
any fantasticall or erronious opinions so adjudged by our Bishop or Civili 
Lawes ;** by which it appears likely some of them had imbibed puritanical 
views, which his son Edmund certainly held. Some specific legacies he left 
his sons Thomas and Edmund ; all his Latin books to the latter. No execu^ 
tors being named, on the 31st October 1623, administration, with the will 
annexed, was granted to Anthony Gumey, son of the testator/ His eldest 
son Thomas died in the interval between the making and proving of this 
will, which, in fact, appears to be nothing more than a rough draft or tes-» 
tamentary paper ; it is as follows : 

Extracted from the Registry of the Lord Bishop of Norwich. \ 
In the name of God, I, Henry Gumay, of Greate Elingham, in the county 
of Norfolk, Esq. being (God's name be praysed) of whole and sound me- 
morye, all former wills bejrng prevented, or to be altered, do on the firest 
day of May, in the xiith yeare of reigne of our Sovereigne Lord King 
James, and in yeare of our Lord God 1614 (all former wills bejrng 
made voyd and cancelled), do make and ordeyne, for mjrne only true and 
last will, this as foloweth : first I bequeth or resigne my sowle to the only 
omnipotent and most mercifuU God, and Father and Governor of heaven 
and erth, and all therin, as his proper right from the creation, and my 
body to rest till the jo3rfull resurrection in the parish church, and north 
ile ther, next my wife. Item, I give to the poore of the sayd parish^ 
bejrng therein borne, and houshoulders, to be delivered into the hands of 
the churchwardens there within one yere next after my death, and after 

^ Reg. Lawson, fol. 151 a. 



A. D. 1614.] HIS WILL. 457 

sufficient security first dcTised and tendred by the sayd churchwardens, 
from learned councell unto my executor, that the sayd ten • pound shall 
allwey be and remayn as a stoc to be only imployed to the benjrfit of the 
poore of the sayd towne, in manner and form as hereunder is expressed, 
viz. that ech poore aforesayd may, uppon sufficient power, bond, or 
bill obligatory, for repa}ring and uphouldyng the sayd stock, borrow xx^. 
or less somm, for a yeare or shorter t3ane. And if any forfitures happen 
the same to be conferred to the increast and use as aforeseyd, and that 
the sayd churchwardens aforesayd shall only have the electing and allow- 
ing of any such borrower, and if they canot agree then the minister of 
the parish to be the moderator or umpire in that case ; provided that such 
poor by me are ment only men as eyther take releiefe of the parish, or 
through disability give nothing therto. Concerning my children, foras- 
much as most of them have had theyr portions delivered them, as Thomas, 
Henry, Edmund, Anthony, Francis, Leonard, Elizabeth, and Anne, I ther- 
fore now only give to my daughters unmaried Ame and Abigayle, each of 
them at ther manage ij hondred pound, and yearly till then for their 
mayntenance xxfi. and if they be not maried within ij yeares after my 
death then to be payd, uppon demand, into their own hands. If eyther 
of them die before their portions be payd or due, then the mmety of there 
partes they may give by there wills to there brethren or sisters, or their 
children, in what rate they will to be performed by my executor, and the 
other moytye to remayne to the surviving sister of them too, to be payd at 
hir manage, or within half a year after such death ; and if they dye both 
before their manage or tyme that they should take their partes into their 
own hands, then two hondred pound of their portions to be dystrybuted 
among my yonger sonnes, as they shall be apportioned by my executor. 
IS my sayd daughters dispose nothing by their wills to any of my children, 
then I will ij hundred pound of the iiij hundred they should have had be 
disposed amongst all my younger sons, according to the discreation of my 
executor, so that none hould any fantasticall or erronious opinions^ so ad- 
iudged by our Bishop or Civill Lawes. My bason and ewer of silver, and 

' This bequest of a sum of money to be lent to the poor seems a method of charity worthy of 
imitation. 



458 HBNRY GURNAY I. [PART II. 

chaynn of gould I give to my eldest sonn Thomas, and all my bookes in 
Latyne I give to my sonn Edmund ; all other my goodes unbequethed 
toward payment of my debts, my decent funerall, and discharge and per- 
forming this my last will and testam^it, I give to my executor, upon con- 
dition that firste he enter bond of £400 to each of my daughters, Ame and 
Abegayle, that he shall performe all poynts of this my will concerning 
them. And for my executors I make, constitute, and ordeyne, by this 
handwriting, subscribynge and sealing, in the presmice and testunony of 
A. B. C. D. £. F. on the 20 day of the month and yeare abovesayd. 

Proved 31st October 1623, by the oath of Anthony Gumay his son, to 
whom administration, with the will annexed, was granted. 

II. Anthony Gurney, brother of Henry and second son of Francis, 
was bom 26 March 1550.* The Countess of Surrey was his godmother, 
and Richard and John Holdiche his godfathers. He is mentioned in the 
will of Anthony Gurney his grandfather; also in that of Margaret Hol- 
diche, second wife of his maternal grandfather Robert Holdiche, Esq. who 
died in 1559.^ 

Anthony Gurney married Susan, daughter of Clement Palgrave, Esq. of 
Bamingham, Norfolk, and had a son Henry, and a daughter Elizabeth, 
married to " Leedes a preacher." ^ This marriage proves the puritanical 
tendency, which began to appear about this period. 

HI. Thomas, mentioned in his grandfather*s will and Heralds' Visita- 
tions. He married a daughter of Beams or Reams by Aylsham ^ (quaere, 
of Overstrand ?). 

lY. Elizabeth Gurney, daughter of Francis, bom 3d January 1545. 
Her godmothers were Elizabeth (Tyrrell), second wife of her grandfather 

Anthony Gurney, Mrs. Hobart of Plumstead, and Palmer was her 

godfather, who married her mother's sister ; she married William Golding, 
of Fomham, Suffolk; and secondly, Bendyshe, of Bumpstead, Essex.^ 



^ Memorandum by his father. b Reg. Colman, fol. 588. Norris MSS. 

c Pedigree, Cook Clarenceaux. d Pedigree by Cook, Clarenceauz. • Ibid. 



A. D. 1623.] FAMILIES WITHOUT MONASTIC LANDS. 469 

V. Frances, the second daughter of Francis Gumey, was bom 27 De- 
cember 1 547.* Her godmothers were Lady Jane Howard, her aunt Mrs. 
Hawe of Helgay, and Mrs. Holdiche, the second wife of her grandfather. 

VI. Anne.'^ 

One of these married Francis Bendyshe, of Essex, cousin of the second 
husband of their sister Elizabeth.^ 

Sir Henry Spehnan, who lived in the time of Henry Gumay I. in his 
History of Sacrilege (p. 182), cites the Goumeys of West Barsham as an 
instance, with twenty-four others, of an ancient family existing for many 
generations on the same property, as compared with the holders of mo- 
nastic lands, whose families, he asserts, failed in heirs universally. I am 
not prepared to affirm or deny his argument. The twenty-five families he 
mentions were : 
" 1. Bedingfield, at Oxburgh. 15. Astley, at Melton. 

2. Spehnan, at Narburgh. 16. Goumey, at Barsham. 

3. Yelverton, at Rougham. 1 7. Cherville, at St. Mary's Wig- 

4. Townsend, at Raneham. genhall. 

5. Fermor, at Barsham. 18. Gawsell, at Watlington. 

6. BoUeyne, at Blickling. 19. Pigot, at Framlingham. 

7. Calthorpe, at Cokesford. 20. Grey, at Martham (De Grey at 

8. Lestrange, at Hunstanton. Merton). 

9. Sherboum, at Sherboum. 21. Wodehouse, at Kimberley. 

10. Walpool, at Houghton. 22. Methwold, at Langford. 

11. Mordaunt, at Massingham. 23. Jermy, at Streston. 

12. Cobbs, at Sandringham. 24. Bachcroft, at Bexwell. 

13. Thursby, at Wichen. 25. Pratt, at Ryston." 

14. docket, at Brunsthorp. 

Of these the Bedingfields, Townshends, Astleys, De Greys, Wodehouses, 
and Pratts, alone continue in the same places in the male line ; Calthorpes, 
Lestranges, and Jermys, in the female line ; and Walpoles and Gumeys exist 
in younger branches, not on their ancient properties. 

^ Francis Gurney's Memorandum. b Anthony Gumey 's willy and Heralds' Visitation. 

^ Pedigree by Cook, Clarenceaux. 

3 o 



460 



HENRY GURNAY I. 



[part II. 



APPENDIX LXXXI. 



ON THE FAMILY OF BLENNERHASSET. 



The family of Bleverhayset, or Blenner- 
hasseti took their name from Bleverhayset in 
Cmnberland. Thej were of Flimly Hall in that 
county, and still exist in the county of Kerry 
in Ireland, where they settled in the reign of 
Elizabeth. They were also seated at Frense in 
Norfolk, on the marriage of Ralph Bleverhayset 
with Joan daughter of Sir Robert Corbet, 
Knight 

Branches of this family, which were fre- 
quently called Hasset by abbreviation, settled 



at Hasset's Tower,* at Heigham near Norwich, 
at Pockthorpe in that city, and at Barsham 
in Suffolk. At Frense are several very fine 
brasses of this family, 
some of which are 
given in Cotman*8 
Norfolk Brasses. They 
bore for arms. Gules, 
a chevron ermine, 
between three dol- 
phins or. 




* The writer of this Record was told by an elderly member of his fEunily that the Haaiets, their relations, lived at 
Haaset's Tower, in Heigham ; but this may have been a mistake for Hasset's Place, in Pockthorpe. See Blomefield, 
vol. iv. p. 428. 



[Pedigree 



462 



[part II. 



THOMAS GURNAY III. 



Eldest son of Henry Gumey and Ellen Blennerhasset his wife, married^ 
before the year 1605, Martha daughter of Sir Edward Lewkenor of 
Denham, near Newmarket in Suffolk, Knight,* by whom he had issue two 
sons, Edward and Thomas, and six daughters, Susan, Dorothy, Margaret, 
Elizabeth, Ellen, and Martha. He died in the lifetime of his father, about 
the year 1614. Martha his wife survived him, and was living at Little 
EUingham in 1616.*^ She died before the year 1639, and was buried at 
West Barsham, as appears by the will of her son Edward Goumay. 

" The ancient family of Lewknor was of knights* degree, seated at 
Denham Hall in Risbridge hundred, till a sole daughter 
and heir of Sir Edward Lukenor married Sir Horatio 
Townshend of Rainham in Norfolk. They were pos- 
sessed of the manor of Withersfield, 6 messuages, 
200 acres of land, 30 acres of meadow, and 100 of 
wood, 1 8th Henry VII., and the manor of Denham 
temp. Elizabeth ; and bare. Azure, three chevrons 
argent."'^ 

We beg to point to what is very curious in this family of Lewknor 
Knights in Henry the Seventh's time living on so small a portion of culti- 
vated land, not more than enough to keep a common farmer in our days, 
and being part of the enigma how the country gentlemen lived and built 
the manor houses which still remain on the acres then under cultivation. 

Thomas Gurney, who signed himself "Tho. Gumay," was one of the 
gentlemen who assisted at the funeral of Sir Edward Lewknor at Denham 
in Suffolk, on the 9th of January 1605-6.d (Appendix LXXXII.) 




* Spelman MSS. Gurney Pedigree. ^ See Clement Paman's Deed, p. 870. 

^ Jermyn MSS. Brit. Mus. Denham in Risbridge hundred. 

^ Funeral Certificate in the Heralds' Office, given in the Camoys Peerage Case. 



A.D. 1620.] EDMUND GURNAY, ** PARSON OF HARPLEY." 463 

2. Henry Gurney, second son of Henry Gurney, mentioned in his 
father^s will. 

3. Edmund Gurnay. Of him we find an account in Master*s History 
of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge,* which we copy almost verbatim. 
Edmund Gumay, B.D., of a good family in Norfolk, was admitted of 
Queen's College in this University 30th October 1594, and, after taking 
the degree of A.B. was chosen a Norwich fellow here 2 1st May 1601,** and 
proceeded A.M. the year ensuing, but a dispute arising in 1607, the master 
declared his fellowship void for not being in orders ; he was however 
reinstated upon an appeal to the vice-chancellor. He proceeded B.D. in 
1609, and continued at college till 1614, when Richard Stubs, Esq.*^ who 
married his great-aunt Elizabeth Gurney, or else her son, presented him 
to the rectory of Edgefield in his native county. The year following, the 
bishop granted him a license to preach, and he became Rector of Harpley 
by presentation of Sir William Yelverton, Knight, 1620.** Fuller, who 
must have personally known him, says of him, " He was an excellent 
scholar, could be humourous, and would be serious as he was himself dis- 
posed. His humours were never profane towards God, or injurious towards 
his neighbours, which premised, none have cause to be displeased if in his 
fancies he pleased himself. Coming to see me in Cambridge when I was 
studjdng^ he demanded of me the subject whereon I studied ; I told him 
I was collecting the witnesses of the truth of the Protestant religion 
through all ages, even in the depth of popery, conceiving it feasible though 
difficult to evidence them. ^ It is a needless pain,' said he ; * for I know 
that I am descended from Adam, though I cannot prove my pedigree from 
him.' And yet, reader, be pleased to take notice, he was bom of as good a 

> Page 301, in the lisl of remarkable members. 

^ By this we conclude he was bom at Norwich. 

^ Richard Stubs, Esq. was his godfather, as appears in the dedication to him of his work 
called " Corpus Christi." 

^ Sir William Yelverton, Bart, of Rougham, married Dionissia, daughter of Richard Stubs, 
Esq of Sedgeford, whose father married Elizabeth Gurney, great-aunt of this Edmund. Add. 
MSS. Mus. Brit. No. 8841, in Harpley. See page 451. 



464 THOMAS GURNAY III. [PART IT. 

famUy as any in Norfolk/'* His father, Henry Gumay, Esq. died in 1623, 
and by will bequeathed all his Latin books to him. 

In 1 638 John Martin of Harpley by his will gave Edmund Gumey a 
piece of land in that parish that abutted upon Gurney's manor there.** He 

married Ellen , and he and his wife were witnesses to the will of 

William Smith, Esq. of Walsingham Magna, who had married his niece 
dated 1643.*^ 

" There are many stories of his humour related to this day," says Mr. 
Masters, " in the neighbourhood of his livings, and particularly the 
following,** which, from the extract of the chapter book of Benet College, 
seems to be not altogether without foundation. ^ Ad cap. 15 Jul. 1609, 
Ad reprimendam M^ Gumay discordiam conclusum est per consensum 
unanimem x sociorum et m^" in cubiculo m^'^ magistrum nunc existentem 
imposterum gavisurum quieta et pacifica possessione su& prius ab antiquo 
usitata omnium hortorum et gardinorum nunc in tenura dicti m^"^ una 
cum stipendio solito ad duplum pro rata portione sociorum modo et form& 
consuetis.' " 

" Whilst he was fellow, the master had a great desire to get the fellows* 
garden to himself, and, either by threats or persuasion, got all to resign 
their keys ; but upon his application to Mr. Gumay he absolutely refused 
to part with his right : " I have got the other fellows' keys," quoth the 
master. " Then pray, master, keep them, and you and I will keep them 
all out." " Sir, I expect to be obliged : am not I your master ?" " Yes, 
sir ; and am not I your fellow ?" 



» Fuller's Worthies of England, p. 258. 

b Arch. Norw. Reg. Spere, f. Ill b. 

Extract from the will of John Martin, proved 17th September 1638 : — 

<< Item, I give and bequeath unto Edmund Gumaye, clarke, and his heirs, one piece of lande 
contejming one roode, be it more or less, lying in Harpley aforesaid, next Nethergate Street 
towards the west, and it abutteth upon the king's highway leadinge from Upgate Street to Lifile 
Massingham aforesaid towards the south, and upon the lands of the manor of Gumeys towards 
the north." 

« Reg. Fyttes, fol. 216 h. Arch. Norw. Norris MSS. 

^ Masters's Hist, of Corpus Christi Coll. 



A. D. 1631.] EDMUND GURNAY, *' PARSON OF HARPLEY." 465 

**Another that, being complained of to the bishop for refusing to wear the 
surplice, he was cited to appear before him, and told that he was expected 
always to wear it. Whereupon he came home and rode a journey with it 
on. But enough of this. To show that he could be serious as well as 
humourous, he wrote a small treatise on Exodus xxxiv. 14, towards the 
vindicating of the second commandment, '' by Edmund Gurnay, bachelour 
of Divinity, and minister of God's Word at Harpley, Norfolk ; " wherein 
he answers eight arguments usually alleged in favour of image worship, in 
a plain, judicious and rational manner, and seems to promise a continua- 
tion of it." This was licensed and printed at the University press, in 24mo. 
1639. The continuation to this work was printed in 1641, and called an 
Appendix unto the Homily against Images in Churches. It was dedicated 
•* to the honoured and judicious Sir John Hobart, Knight Baronet, as also 
unto the noble and vertuous the Lady Frances, his wife, I humbly dedicate 
these ensuing endevours in the Lord." Sir John Hobart and his lady were 
puritanically inclined, especially the latter. Edmund Gurnay wrote like- 
wise a book against Transubstantiation, called, ** Corpus Christi, by Edmund 
Gurnay, Bach. Theol. p. de Harpley Norfolc. London, 1630." Dedicated 
" to the very worshipfuU Richard Stubbe, Esquire. Sir, I request you to 
be godfather unto this infant, as you have been sometime unto myself. 
I commend it unto you, also unto your two daughters, my cousen Yelverton 
and the Lady Strange, &c." Edmund Gurnay also wrote " The Demon- 
stration of Anti-Christ. 1631, London. To be sold at the sign of the 
Marigold, St. Paul's Church Yard." Also "The Romish Chain, by 
Edmund Gurnay, parson of Harpley. London, printed by A. M. for 
Matthew Law, and are to be sold at his shop at St. Austen's Gate, 1624." 

Upon a freestone fixed on the outside of the chancel at Harpley by the 
door are the following lines, in memory of a person whose Christian name 
was Protestant, which being written during the time of his having the living 
there, we conclude from his character to be of his composition : — 

Protestant ■ here under I ly ; 

Such name at first was I christened by, 
And as soon as my days doubled seven 
My name for ever was written in heaven. 



466 



THOMAS 6URNAY III. 

Then still be bowld, both youDg and old. 

Thus to protest gaynst Antichrist ; 
And should all fayle these stones should cry 
Perpetually we doe defye Roome's heresy ; 

Idolatrye, 
Blood thirstuess, and boundless soveraynty. 

Anno Dom°. I62d.» 



[part ir. 




CHANCEL OP HARPLEY CHURCH. 



It is quite obvious that Edmund Gurney's opinions tended to Puritanism 
both from his writings and his quarrel with the Bishop of Norwich about 
wearing his surplice. It is to be supposed his father Henry Gumey had 
viewed this tendency in his children with considerable jealousy, for by his 
will he leaves the reversion of £200 amongst his younger sons, " so that 
none hold any fantastical or erroneous opinions, so adjudged by our Bishop 
or civil lawes." 



* I think it probable these lines were written to the memory of a son of Edmund Grnmey, 
whom he had christened Proteitant, from the strong feeling he entertained against Roman 
Catholicism which his works exhibit ; and bis doing so is in accordance with the eccentricity of 
his character. 



A.D. 1634.] FRANCIS GURNAY^ OF LONDON, MERCHANT. 407 

Besides the tendency to Puritanism which his preaching without a 
surphce proves, we have the additional fact that Edmund Gumay*s living 
not becoming vacant till 1648* he must have taken the Covenant in 1643 ; 
when it was enforced in the diocese of Norwich with extraordinary rigour, 
from the circumstance of its being within the Earl of Manchester's asso- 
ciation. The very learned Dr. Humphrey Prideaux informed Mr. Walker, 
the author of " The Sufferings of the Clergy,'' " that all the clergy of diat 
diocese that would not take the Covenant were ejected, and that two or 
three hundred lost their preferment. Notwithstanding this ^ Mr. Walker, 
says Mr. Masters, thinks that he was deprived of his Uving, and that he 
might live some years afterwards ; and states him to have been on acquaint- 
ance of Bishop Hall's. But Fuller, who could not well be ignorant of the 
time, says he died at the beginning of the civil wars. 

4th. Anthony, mentioned in the will of his father, Henry Gumey, and 
in the Heralds* Visitation. 

5th. Bassingbourne, died s. p. in his father's lifetime. 

6th. Francis, of London, merchant, 1634,"^ probably the same who in 
1639 gave Sir Henry Spelman a pedigree of the family. He married Ann 
daughter of Willing Browning of Maldon in Essex,® and is ancestor of the 
present family of the Gurneys of Keswick : for the account of his 
descendants, see Part III. of this Record. 

7th. Leonard. — Henry Gumey's will and Heralds* Visitation; ad- 
ministered to his sister Amy's effects, 18 Ap. 1627/ 

8th. Elizabeth, married to Salford of London.^ In another pedigree 
this name is spelt Halford, and in another Galford. She is mentioned in 
her father's will. 

* Blomefield in Harplej. ^ Walker's Sufferings of the Clergy, page 107. 

« Masters's Hist, of Corpus Cliristi Coll. Cam. d Heralds' Visitation, 

e Heralds' Visitation. ' MSS. Heralds' College. 

9 Heralds' Visitation. 

3p 



468 THOMAS GURNAY III. [PART II. 

9th, Mary/ died single, apparently during her father*s life. 

10th. Amy,** died a spinster 1627. 18 Ap. 1627, administration granted 
of the effects of Amy Gumey of Great EUingham, spinster, to her brother 
Lieonard Gumey. *^ 




11th. Anne, mentioned in her father's will, married 
Thomas Osborne, of Norfolk, of a gentleman's family 
which came into Norfolk from Osborne Hall in Essex, 
and had property at Mendham, Bixley, and Kirby- 
Beedon. They bore for arms. Argent, a bend between 
two tigers sable.* 

12th. Abigail, mentioned in her father's will. 



a Heralds' Visitation. 

c MSS. Heralds' College ut supra. 



«> Ibid. 

^ Heralds' Visitation. 




APP. LXXXII.] 



LEWKNOR OF DENHAM. 



469 



APPENDIX LXXXII. 



ON THE FAMILY OF LEWKNOR. 



The name of Lewknor is probably derived 
from the place of that name in the county of 
Oxford. 

The family early held lands in Sussex, and 
afterwards in Suffolk. The former were per- 



haps forfeited in 1556, when Edward Lewknor 
was concerned in Wyatt's rebellion. 

At a later period, the £ELmily of Lewknor 
was connected with that of Oliver Cromwell 
through the Russells of Cambridgeshire. 



PEDIGREE 




OF LEWKNOR 



Roger Lbwknob, Sheriff of Sussex, 12 Edw. I. 1324.^.. .. 

Thomas Lewknor.^. . . . 

I • 

Sir Roger Lewkhor, Sheriff of Sussex, 14 and 20 £dw.=pBARBARA, dau. and 



III. and Knight of the Shire. 



heir of 
dolf. 



Bar- 



Geopfrt Lewknor, Justice 
of Common Pleas 1 Edw. I. 



Sir Thomas Lewknor-^oan, dau. and heir of John D^Oyly, of Stoke D^Oyly. 



Sir Thomas Lewkhor, Knight of the Shire 2 Hen. iy.=pEuzABETH, dau. of Sir John Carew, of Folford. 



r 



»h. of ^Sir 
y. of 

RiG 



EuNOR, dau. and coh. of =T=Sir Thomas Lewknor, Knight^PniuppA, dau. and heir of .... Dalingridge. She 
Oeoige Lord Audley. | of the Shire, attainted by | was widow of Richard de Bemers. 

Richard III. 



ght^fP 

5 



Lbwkjcors of West Dean in Nicholas Lewknor, 6th=pEuzABETH, dau. of Raolph Radmylde, and aunt 
Sussex, existing there in 1706. son, temp. Edw. lY. | and coheir of Sir William Radmylde. (See Barony 

r Camoys.) 



ifOR, 6th=pEL] 

w. IV. and 

of( 



Edward Lewknor, Kingston Bewsey, Sussex ; will dat6d=p.. 
10 Dec. 1521 ; proTod 81 Oct. 1522, at Doct. Com. 



Edward Lewknor, Kingston Bewsey ; will dated 1 Oct.=y:MAROARET, named in her husband^ will. 
1527 ; died 7 Jnly, 20 Hen. VIIL (1528.) Inq. post mort. 
10 April 1529. 



J 

■•T 



r 



Edward Lswknor, son and heir, 11 years old at his fiither'i^DoROTHT, dan. 
death. Groom Porter to King Edward VI. and Queen Mary ; | Middlesex, 
died 1556. (Note • orerieaf.) | 

a 



Sir Robert Wroth, of Enfield, 



470 



THOMAS GURNAT III. 



[part II. 



r 



Sir Edwabd Lswkvojl, Denham Hall, Suflblk ; Knigfated^PSusAN, dan. and heir of Thomaa Higbam, of w^gK^m. 
n May, 1608 ; ob. at Denham, 19 Sept. 1605 ; bur. at I 

1 I I I I I I 

DoBOTHT ; mar^ Robert Gbitle, Req. 



Denham, 9 Jan. 1606. 



r 



Robert 
Lewk- 

IfOIU 



Sir Edwakd Lewkiior, of Denham Hall,^MABT, dan. of Sir 



son and heir ; Knighted 19 Oct. 1606 ; 
ob. 1 May, 1618 ; will dated, 23 July, 
1617 ; proved at Doct Comm. 15 May, 
1618. 



He nrt Lewknor, bapt. 
at Denham, 4 Biay, 
1612 ; bur. there 25 
July, 1618. 



son and heir ; bapt. 17 Feb. 1613 ; 
bur. at Denham, 22 Dec. 1684. 
Inqnis post mort. 



Henry Nerille, of Martha; mar. Thomaa Gnmay, Biq. 
Billingbear, Knight ; Ames ; mar. Godfrey Rodei, Biq. 
bar. at Denham, 28 Susan. 
Oct. 1 642. Euzabeth ; mar.Thomas CSAtlyn, Biq. 

Sart. 

Hester, m. Rob. Qnaries, Beq. 

Am HE ; mar. Sfa* Ni- 
cholas L^EstraQge. 

Katharine ; mar. 
James Galthoipe, Esq. 



Edward Lewenor, Denham Hall,^EuzABBTH, dan. of 



Sir William Roaidl, 
Knight, Chippenham, 
Cambridgeshire. 



Mart, only child and heir, 3 months old at her &ther^ death in 1649, died^RoGER, Yisooont Townsheod, of 
22 May, 1673, s. p. See her Monument at Rainham. Rainham. 

From the Vincent MSS. in the College of Arms, and Dallaway's Western Sussex. 

* He was implicated in Sir Thomas Wyatt*s rebellion ; was arraigned and condemned in Guildhall in 1556, but 
died a prisoner in the Tower before execution. An Act was passed in the Ist of Queen Elisabeth tor rsstoring in 
blood his issue. — See Supplement to Suffolk Traveller, p. 870. 



The following fimeral certificate mentions the 
names of the children of Sir Edward Lewknor. 
It is signed by his son and Thomas Gumay. 

Cop^ of the original Juneral certificate on 
the death of Sir Edward Lewknor y printed 
with the evidence taken before the Com- 
mittee of Privileges on the claim of Thomas 
Stoner, Esquire^ to the Ancient Barony of 
Camois. No. 109. 

" The right worshipfull S^ Edward Lewknor, 
of Denham, in the countye of Suffolke, knight, 
deputed this mortall lyffe att his house called 
Denham Hall, in the towne and county afore- 
sayd, yppon the nynetenth daye of September, 
1605, whose funerales were very worshipfully 
and according to his degree solemnised att the 
p'ish church of Denham aforesaid, yppon the 
nyneth daye of January followying. 

<* The saied S^" Edward maryed Susann, daugh- 
ter and co-heire of Thomas Higham, of Higham 
Hall, in the county of Suffolk, and by her had 
yssue att the tyme of his death Edward Lewk- 
nor, his eldest sonne and heire, and Rob't 



Lewknor, second sonne, (Dorothye maryed to 
Rob*te Castle, of Castle Hall, in the county of 
Cambridge, and dyed saunz yssue ; Martha 
maryed to Thomas Goumey, sonne and heir 
of Henry Goumey, of EUingham, in the county 
of Norfolk ; Anne maryed to Godefrey Rodes, 
of Great Houghton, in the county of Yoi^ 
esqre. ; Hester, maryed to Rob*t Quarles, of 
Rumford, in the county of Essex, esqi^; 
Susann, Sary, and Elisabeth ynmaryed). 

*^ The chiefe morner was Mr. Edward Lewk- 
nor, the sonne and heire, assisted by Mr. Rob*t 
Lewknor, Rob't Quarles, Thomas Goumey, 
and Rob't Castel, the standerd by Mr. John 
Machell, the penno' by Mr. Edward Lewknor, 
of the Inner Temple, ar' ; the officers directing 
att the said ffunerall were Richmond and 
Som'sett heraulds. 

^ In witness of the truth of this certificate, we 
have subscribed our names, thds present 9th of 
January, 1605. 

Edw. Lkwkbnob* 
Tho. Gurnay." 



471 



EDWARD GOURNAY, 



Son of Thomas Gumay and Martha Lewknor, his wife, was bom in 1608, 
and was about five years old at the death of his father. He was heir to 
his grandfather Henry Gumey, Esq. who died in 1623. 

Edward Goumay was always styled of West Barsham, where he resided. 
He married Frances, daughter of Richard Hovell, Esq. of Hillington, in 
Norfolk. The Ho veils were an ancient family in Suffolk, a younger branch 
of which settled at Hillington in the reign of Elizabeth. 
They bore. Sable, a crescent or. Of the coheiresses of 
the Hovells of Hillington one married Martin Folkes, 
Esq. bencher of Gray's Inn, in whose posterity the 
estates of the Hovells of Hillington eventually centered. 
(Appendix LXXXIH.) 

Amongst the documents at Hillington is a letter from 
Edward Goumay to his father-in-law Richard Hovell, 
Esq. which is as follows : 




" To my ever honored 

Father in Lawe Richard 
Hovell, Esq. at 

Hillington, 
these. 
" Sir, — I have not wanted in my wishes & indevours to reconcile some 
matters, w*^h you may conceive is the only cause of difference between vs: 
indeede, if such a thinge could bee done, I think it would prove acceptable 
to God, pleasing to the world : as for the maine, you are not ignorant of 
how the abuse has been putt upon my coate of arms, and how maintained, 
pretendinge it should be done by the authority of an Hearald, when as it 
was done (as I am informed) by one Mr. liUy, then one of the messengers 



472 EDWARD GURNAY. [PART II. 

of the courte ; w^h mistake, as it was not rightly done, it dothe consceme 
mee in point of honour to question the actors in it, to w^h end I purpose 
& intend (God willing) to sett forward to London one ffiryday next, where 
I shall to the vttermost of my power seeke to recover my birth & family 
from that vnworthy esteeme some have surmised. I should be sorry if 
any thinge should so much reflect upon you, your sonne or your family : 
since it hath pleased God that I have matched therein, I would bee glad 
itt might retaine a splendour, & not by mee bee any whitt blemished ; but 
this much I suppose will fall out ; that seeing both of us do contend for 
the antiquetye of our fifamily, I resolve to present to the judgment of that 
court what I can show for the justifieing of mine : I could wish (if you 
think soe fitt) that there may bee one, may make answere for yours ; the 
w^h being determined, there may bee some hopes of a future happiness. 
This present Satterday I was at Blakney, where I saw 44 goodly horses 
there landed, vf^h were intended for Dover, & soe for London, but being 
there accidentally cast upon that shore, they are resolved to make sale of 
some of them, or any of them ; there coloures are grays and bays ; you 
may have admyrable choise for your coach, and happily worth your money. 
I thought good to signify soe much to yo' consideratione ; thus desiring 
the remembrances of both our dutys to yo'selve, & to my mother, w'h 
our loves to the rest. 

" I remaine, 
" The horses I your obedient 

suppose stay sun-in4aw, 

not longer than Edw: Gournay. 

3 or 4 days. 
West Basha™, 

April 7% 
1638." 

I cannot explain what the discredit put upon Edward Goumay's coat 
armour may have been. It appears by Dugdale's Correspondence, that 
many quarrels had arisen between the heralds and the limners of arms ; 
the former being jealous of the fees which had been paid, and which were 




dADV(iVMHOCATERNOTMMM}REBM^S 
^njVSETHffiBESTHOME GOTRNAYARMIGERIEt 
MMTEEfi FniEEEVMODI LEWKENOR DE DENH/M 
m C(MTArV.SVFTOLaffiMIIJTIS)QyilNNOVKSMAM 
DIEMMQEaAUTATlS EXVVIASHICDiEPOSVIT.¥Vrr 
PRVDmS,CQNSVLTV'<^,COMPOSrrvS ,^VIR^^NDIQyE; 
ETFAMi£lNTEGBR,DEO SINCERE HDEUS,AmCO 
RELIGIOSE FnJVS,NVIXI INIVSTV&lNDIGEKnBVS 
BENIGNlSSIMVSrNEC nEdETHVIVSCINERE.S 
OPEROSA MOLES A^7T LOQVAX ELOC IVM CV I 
"VrrA PRO EPTTAPHIO ESTJJVMERDSAVIKrVS 
ElT^TAS ^§^^^5^^ PRO Pn^IDE 

1iIGRAVIT6AVGVSTIANNOD0M l64I 



) ^ '^ (o-^S)<2.x3 



ID wan BUWHAM CHDBCB. 



'N 



A. D. 1641.] HIS DEATH. 473 

now becoming obsolete. Why this should have interfered with the good 
understanding between him and his father-in-law, Mr. Hovell, I do not 
understand. 

Edward Gumay is frequently mentioned, under the name of Ned Gur- 
ney, or Ed. Gumey, in the Harleian MS. 6395, entitled, " Merry Passages 
or Jests ; '* being, in fact, anecdotes related by his friends to Sir Nicholas 
UEstrange, Bart, of Hunstanton, in the reign of Charles 1. We give 
those of the Gumey family in Appendix LXXXIV. 

Either Edward Goumay, or his grandfather, sold the manor of Irsted 
to Sir Peter Gleane, Knight, sometime before the year 1632.' 

In 1639 he presented to the church of Attleburgh.*^ 

He died August 6, 1641, at the age of thirty- three, seised of the manors 
of West Barsham, EUingham Magna, &c. as appears by an inquisition 
taken at East Dereham, 13th October, 19 Chas. I.; and left by Frances 
his wife, one son Henry, aged nine years,*' and a daughter named Frances."* 

In West Barsham Church is a monument in brass to his memory. 

Frances, his wife, survived him, and re-married Robert Longe, of Rey- 
merston, Esq. to whom she was third wife. 

Edward Goumay's will is dated 6 Nov. 1 639, of which we subjoin a 
copy, as it contains many things which appear to us characteristic both of 
the person and the times, and more especially the very beautiful declara- 
tion of his Christian faith at the beginning.® 

" In the name of God Amen. The sixth day of November, 1639, I, 
Edward Gournay, of West Barsham, in the county of Norfolk, Esq. being, 
the Lord be praised therefor, in perfect health and memory and under- 
standing, do hereby revoke, annihilate, and frustrate all former wills, 
codicils, and testaments whatsoever, and do from henceforth declare, 
ordain, and publish this to be my last will in manner and form following, 
viz. Imprimis, I bequeath and humbly present my soul to my God, 
almighty, merciful, and just, as to my dearest and most beloved father, 

* Blomefield in Irsted. b Blomefield in Attleburgh. 
'^ Blomefield in West Barsham. d Dorothy Gumay's will. 

* Extracted from the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, Cambell 21. 



474 EDWARD GURNAY. fPART II. 

who created me of the dust of the earthy and mspired it into me pure and 
undefiled, being so formed, which ever since I by my own natural corrup- 
tion have stamed and pointed it, whereby I do deserve eternal death and 
damnation, and can by no means or power in myself avoid that judgment, 
but only by the Incarnation of Jesus, who assumed here an human body 
here upon earth, where he was for my sins punished even to death, by 
which he hath made satisfaction for me ; in confidence whereof I bequeath 
my body to the earth, and to be buried, if conveniently it might be, by my 
dear and beloved mother Mrs. Martha Gumay, of West Barsham, bemg also 
assured and stedfastly do believe that, though my body be consumed and 
eaten with worms, yet at the day of judgment I shall arise with the same 
body and shall with these eyes behold my God, my Redeemer Jesus Christ 
his son. 

" Item, I will that all my goods, monies, chattels, and land purchased, be 
improved to the best value for and towards the pa]dng and discharging all 
my debts, funeral or burial expences, and all charges pertaming to my 
child his wardship, and if it shall so happen that my pre-named estate 
will not be sufficient for the true paying to each his debts, as shall appear 
by bills, bonds by me entered, or otherwise, that then my will is that the 
benefit of the wardship and marriage of my child be improved in the best 
manner it ought to be towards the pajrment of my said debts, and after 
all my due debts be satisfied then my will and meaning is that the benefit 
of the wardship and marriage of my child be employed to and for a 
portion for that child which Frances my now wife supposeth herself to be 
quickened withall,^ which child, if it shall please God to give life to, I 
desire my said wife to be loving and careful in the breeding of it. And 
also add what conveniently she may toward the advancement of the said 
child. 

" Item, I will and bequeath to my son Henry Goumay all my library, 
maps^ and globes, or any such mathematical instruments as I shall have 



* This child was a daughter named Frances, as appears by the will of Dorothy Gumay, sister 
of Edward. 



A. D. 1641.] HIS WILL. 475 

at the time of my death, and that they he all kept for his use, in my closet 
now oyer the kitchen, untill he be of discretion to use them. 

'^ Item, I give and bequeath unto my brother Thomas Goumay, and to all 
my sisters, Susan, Dorothy, Mathay, Elizabeth, Ellen and Margaret, twenty 
shillings to each of them, which I desire they would be pleased to bestow 
on a ring ; and, because when I am out of sight I would not be out of mind, 
I desire each of them to cause to have engraven in every of their said 
rings this inscription, — pax yobis. e. g. 

** Item, I give to all my servants that wait upon me at the table five shil- 
lings BrjAece, and to all the rest two shillings to each of them, in token of 
my good will towards them. 

^' Item, I give and bequeath to twenty of the most aged and poorest 
widows in the town of Walsingham Parva, and the like to Fakenham (such 
as my executors hereafter nominated shall think fit), sixpence apiece 
within eight days after my burial. 

** Item, I give to the Vicar of West Barsham, for all tithes forgotten and 
not satisfied, twenty shillings. And of this my last will and testament I 
make and ordain Frances Gourney my good wife, Susan Goumay my eldest 
sister, and William Davy, Esq. my brother-in-law, and also my sister 
Ellen Goumay, my executors ; to whom I make an earnest request that 
they will see my debts discharged, taking therefore all my goods, and 
wardship and marriage of my child, as is formerly in this my will expressed 
and declared, and also to bring up my children in the true religion and 
fear of God. And, in testimony that this is my last will and testament, I 
subscribe my name hereunto, setting also my seal of arms in two several 
places in the top with hard wax, it also containing three sheets of paper 
and sixty-one lines, and do publish it in the presence of them whose names 
are subscribed to each sheet the day and year above written. 

*' Edw. Gournay, Test. 
*^ Hamon L'Estrange. 
"Jam. Pyzanie. 

^* Probatum apud London 8 Februarii (juxta cursum et computationem 
EccHe Anglicane) 1641, coram judice, juramentis Francisce Goumey 
relicte, Suzanne Goumey sororis, Will'mi Davey armigeri, et EUene 

3q 



476 



EDWARD GURNAT. 



[part Il« 




Goumey sororis^ et executorum, quibus commissa fuit administratio de 
bene, &c." 

This will was written by his own hand, and sealed with the plain en- 
grailed cross. 

IL Thomas Gournat, second son of Thomas, and brother of Edward 
Goumay, was a barrister of Lincoln's Inn, and was exe- 
cutor to his sister Dorothy Gumey in 1641. He was 
living in 1662, when he laid a stone in the pavement of 
the aisle of the choir of Norwich Cathedral, to the 
memory of his wife Bridget, who died 16 Sept. 1662. 
On the stone are the arms of Gumey, impaling on a 
fess, between three fleurs-de-lis, three bezants.^ With 
the following inscription : 

RESTAURATO 

REGB CAROLO 2"*® 

(CUJUS REDITU KON SOLUM 

VIVORUM SED ETIAM MORTUO- 

RUM DORMITORIA, NEC NON FAMA 

IPSA SACRATA FANATICORUM 
VIOLATIONIBUS PRESERVANTUR) IN 

MEMORIAM BRIGITTJB UXORIS 
BVM DILBCTISSIMA 26** 7bRIS, ANNO 
SALUTIS 1652, DBNAT^ THOMAS 
GOURNAT HXC POSUIT 
ANNO 1662. 

The grave of this Mrs. Bridget Goumey was accidentally opened about 
thirty years ago, and her skull was found having a long and luxuriant 
head of hair upon it ; it was long preserved and shown by the ve^rs ; 
the hair was become very coarse and was of a light reddish colour. 

The six daughters of Thomas Gumay III. and sisters of Edward, were 
as follows : 



1^ 1 have Dot discovered what family these arms belong to. 



A. D. 1641.] DOROTHY GURNAY. 477 

1. Susan, mentioned in the wills of her brother Edward and sister 
Dorothy in 164 L 

2. Dorothy, who was of the parish of St. George's Tombland, in Nor- 
wich. She is frequently mentioned in the Harleian MS. No. 6395, enti- 
tled " Merry Passages and Jests," as *^ My Couz. Dol. Gumey," " CJouz. 
Dor. Gour." &c. (App. LXXXIV.) It is a remarkable illustration of the 
coarseness of manners prevalent at this period, that some of the " merry 
jests *' of this lady are of a description which cannot be transcribed. 

The will of Dorothy Gumay is dated in 1641, and is as follows : 

[Extracted from the R^stry of the Lord Bishop of Norwich. Reg'. Gihson, fol. 140.] 

" In the name of God amen. I, Dorothy Gumay, of the parish of St. 
George's of Tombland, in the countie of the citty of Norwich, singlewo- 
man, beinge in perfect understandinge and memory at the present time 
(thanked be God therefore), doe now make, ordeyne, and declare this my 
last will and testament in manner and form following, viz. First, I be- 
quethe my soule to Almightie God, my mercifull father, humbly intreat- 
inge him for the merritts of his sonn Jesus Christ, my onely Savior, to par- 
don and forgive all my sinns, and soe longe as 1 shall continue in this 
world soe to direct and guide me by his holy spirritt that I may live in 
his feare & to his glory, and after this sinfull life ended he may receyve 
my soule among the rest of his elect and chosen children into his ever- 
lastinge kingdome ; my body I comitt to the care and discretion of my 
executor and friends, to be buryed after the ordenary and usuall manner 
of Christians, in hope and certain assurance of the resurrection of it unto 
etemall life, at the greate and terrible day of judgment : Ilm. I give and 
bequeth to Susan Gumay, my deare and loveinge sister, fifty pownds. I!m. 
I give and bequethe to Ellen Gumay, my deare and lovinge sister, fifty 
pownds. Ibn. I give unto Martha Smith, my deare and loveinge sister, 
tenn pownds. Itm. I give unto Elizabeth Crow, my deare and loveinge 
sister, tenn pownds. Hm. I give unto Margarett Davy, my deare and 
loveinge sister, tenn pownds. Km. I give unto Henry Gumay, my eldest 



478 EDWARD GURNAY. [pART II. 

brother*8 sonn, tenn pownds. Km. I give unto Francis Gumay, my eldest 
brother's daughter, tenn pownds. I!m. I give unto Mary Davy, my bro- 
ther Davy's daughter, tenn pownds. Ifm. I give unto Crystofer Crow, my 
brother Crowe's sonn, tenn pownds. Rm. I give unto my cosen Ann 
Catelin, my goddaughter, twenty pownds. Km. I give unto my loveinge 
cosen Thomas Catelin, of lincohi's Inn, tenn pownds. I!m. I give unto 
my cosen Francis Catelin, my two best gownes, my best pettecoate, and 
my best linninge. Itm. I give unto Francis Gumay, my deare and love- 
inge sister, and late wife to my good brother deceased, my six silver plates, 
my maudlin cup of silver w*^ the cover, my cabinett, but nothinge in it. 
Ibn. I give unto my deare and loveinge cosen the Lady Ann Le Strange 
tenn pownds. Km. I give unto my deare and loveinge cosen Katherin 
Calthorp tenn pownds. I!m. I give unto my deare and loveinge cosen 
Mary Lewkenor tenn pownds. Km. I give unto my loveinge aunt the 
Lady Mary Lewknor my gould dagger and my cornelian ringe. Rm. I 
give unto the pore of Cunsford ward fower pownds, to be distributed 

accordinge to y* discretion of Alderman , of that ward. Rm. I 

give unto Elizabeth Miller, my servant, forty shillings. Ihn. I give and 
bequeth unto my deare and loveinge brother Thomas Gumay, of Lincoln's 
Inn, Esq. all my obligations, bills, and all other my goods whatsoever, not 
disposed of; and him I orde3aie sole and onely executor of this my last 
will and testament, desiringe him of all love that hath beene betwixt us 
to see this my will carefully pformed. In witness wherof I have subscribed 
this my last will and testament w^ m3nie owne hand and name, the first 
day of November, in the yeare of o' Lord God 1641. 

*• DOROTHT GOURNAY^ 

" Test. Mary Lewkener, the mark of Elizabeth Miller. 
" Proved 12*^ January 1641, by the oath of the 
sole executor within named." 

3. Margaret, married William Davy, Esq.; and appears to have been 
eventually principal heiress of this family, as is stated hereafter. 



A. D. 1641.] 



CROWB OF BAST BILNBY. 



479 



4. Elizabbth^ married Bozoun Crowe, 
of East Bilney, Esq. The family of Oowe 
was resident at East Bilney from the time 
of Henry VIII. and became extinct within 
the last century. In East Bilney Church 
are the arms of Crowe, Girony of eight 
sable and or, on a chief of the first two 
leopard's faces of the second ; quarterly, 
one and six, Crowe. 2. Azure, a chevron 
ermine between three cockle shells argent, 
Townshend. 3. Gules, three bird bolts 
argent, feathered or, Bozoune. 4. Gumey. 
5. Sable, eleven balls argent between two 
flanches of the second, Spelman. 

On a helmet, a crest, five arrows sable, 
feathered argent, four in saltier, one in 
pale, bound together with a string gules, 
between the arrows a mascle or.* 

5. Ellbn, who was executor to her bro* 
ther, Edward Gurnay ; she was fourth wife 

of Robert Longe, Esq., of Reymerstone. In the chancel of the church 
there is the following inscription to the memory of her husband : 




" L H. S. 

" Here lyes the body of Robert Longe, Esq. Justice of the Peace for this 
county near twenty years. He had four wives : — 

** Thefirstj Ann, youngest daughter and coheiress of Thomas Milner, of 
Lynn^ marchant, by whom he had issue, Robert, Thomas^ John, Charles, 
Prisdlla, Elizabeth, Henry and William. 

'* Second wife, Elizabeth, youngest daughter of Francis Bacon, one of 
the Justices of the King's Bench, by whom he had issue only Frances. 



* Norri8*s Church CollectioDs, East BUnej. 



480 



EDWARD OURNAT. 



[part II. 



^' Third wife, Frances^ the relict of Edward Goumay, of Bassham^ Esq. 
*^ Fourth wife, Ellen Goumay, daughter and heiress of Thomas Goumay, 
of West Bassham, Esq. by whom he had Ann^ Ellen, and John. 

" Obiit 7 Decembris, aetatis suae , iErae Xnse 1688." 



Of these children of Robert Longe and Ellen Goumay, Ellen alone 
appears to have survived. She married Major Richard Ferrier ; and her 
son Richard Ferrier was M.P. for Yarmouth in 1708, 1710, and 1713. 
Her descendants, the respected family of Ferrier, still exist at Yarmouth, 
and its neighbourhood. 

6. Martha, man-ied William Smith, of Walsingham Magna, Esq. in 
whose will, dated 1643, she is a legatee ; secondly, Charles Calthorpe, 
of Great Massingham, Gent.* 

» Heralds' Visitation, 1664. 







APP. LXXXIII.] HOVBLL OP HILLINGTON. 481 



APPENDIX LXXXIII. 

ON THE FAMILY OP HOVELL. 

The Hovells of Hillington are a younger 
branch of the very ancient family of Hovell of 
Ashfield in Suffolk. The elder branch is re- 
presented by the present Lord Thurlow, the 
younger by Sir William Browne Ffolkes, Bart, 
of Hillington. The Hovells of Suffolk bore 
for arms, Sable, a plain cross or ; those seated 
at Hillington, Sable, a crescent or.* 

PEDIGREE OF HOVELL, OR HOVILL. 

RICH4RD HoTELL, held lands at the time of the Conqueror 
of the Abbot of Buiy, at Wyverston in Suffolk. 

Sir John Hovbll, of Wratting Parva in Suffolk, 1370. 

RiCHABD HoTELL, of Riflhlnghall Magna in Suffolk, ob. 8 Henry VI. 1424.^.. 





WiLUAM HoYiLL, of Rishinghall, ob. 14 83. ^Beatrix, dau. of Sir John Thorpe, of Aahwell Thorpe. 

WiLiiAM HoTiLL, of Aflhfield, living^FiiANCES, dau. of Sir Arthur Hopton, of 
21 Hen. VII. (1505). Westwood, Suffolk. 

I • — " ' 

WiLUAM Hovell, of Aahfield, living^ELiZASETH, eldest dau. and coheir of Rowland Harsyke, 



lAH novisu^, ox ABoneia, iiving-T-i!<i«iZAisjn:u, etaeR oau. ana cooeir ox cm 
21 Hen. VIII. (1529). of Lopham in Norfolk. 

of Thomi 

il, I Riohi 
k. I ner, c 



WiLUAM Hovell, of Ashfield, Esq.nPANNS, dau. of Thomas Oawdy, of Harieston, Esq. 

RoBBX HoTKLL, of Ashfleld in Suffolk, William HoTELL,^ANif, dau. of Johh Hovbll, of Badwell, 

eldest son, whose descendants are repre- of Stratford Hall, ] Richard Tur- Suffolk, mar. Ann,, dau. of 

1 bj Lord Thurlow. in Hadley, Suffolk. I ner, of Norton. Robert Cooke. 



BXCBABD HoTSLL, of Stratford, Suffolk, and Flitcham in Norfolk, porohased^MASOBBT, dan. of John Ford, of 
Hillington temp. Elisabeth. I Frating, Essex. 

WILLIAM Hovbll, Richard^Francbs, dau. Gathebinb, mar. 1st, Francis Fyshe; Euzabbth, mar. Thomas 



ma. Ann Bulmer. Hovbll, 

AmHoirr. Esq. of 

Thomas Hovbll, HUling- 

marr. Dorothy ton. 

ScambUr. 



of William 2nd, Edward Mordaunt; 8rd, Alex- Russell, of Rudham. 

Feamley, of ander Dering. Thomasine, mar. Thomas 
Greeting St. Bridget, ma. William Mott, of Lynn. Barnes, of East Winch. 

Mary, Suffolk, Maboabst, mar. Ralph De la Hay, of Mart, ma. William Good- 
ob. 1648. Lynn. win. 

Aniib, mar. George Selby, of St. An- BfABOARBT. 
draws, Suffolk. 



* Blomefield, in Hillington. 



482 



EDWARD 6URNAY. 



WiLUAM 
HOTKLL. 



[part II. 



Sir RiCHABD HoYELLj^DoBOTHT, dau. of Sir Thomas 



KDt.ofHiUington,ob. 
Aug. 1654. 



Chicheley, of Wimpole, Cmd- 
bridgeahire. 



FRANcn, mar. 
Edward Gur- 
ney, Esq. 



DoRoTBT, mar. 

Palmer, 

Esq. of CO. Not- 
tingham. 



Sir William^Etbklrbda, dau. 



HOTKLL, Knt. 
of HillingtoD, 
ob. 1669. 



Clemkntia Hotbll, mar. Itt, 
Charles Stuart, Esq. son of Sir 
Nicholas Staart, Bart; 2nd, 
Sir Thomas Montgomery. 



of Thomas Lilly, 
Esq. of Scales 
How by Lynn. 



Francis 

HOTELL, 

8. p. 



Dorothy Hovell, mar. Martin Folkes, Esq. 
Bencher of Gray*8 Inn, from whom descends 
the present Sir William Browne Ffolkes, Bart, 
of Hillington. 



Jamb, died y«miig. 

Elizabbth, mar. - 

Coulson, Oent. 



Anthony Richard Hotbll, mar. Pe- 
HoYELL, nelope, dau. of William 
8. p. Sands, Esq. of Nottingham- 

shire. 



Ethelreda Hotrll, mar. 
WiUiam Wake, D.D. of 
Shapwiek, Dorset. Arafa- 
bishop of Oanterlmiy. 



APPENDIX LXXXIV. 



Anecdotes related hy Member $ of the Familif 
of Gumey to Sir Nicholas Lestrange, 
Bart. temp. Chas, L From the MS. 
HarL 6395, entitled, *' Merry Passages 
and Jests.'* 

[I have thought it well to ghre such of the 
anecdotes in this Collection as were related 
hy memhcrs of the Guraey iamilj. Some, 
however, were not of a description to he in- 
serted. My friend, J. G. Nichols, Esq. F.S.A. 
has furnished a curious and interesting memoir 
to one of the volumes* of the Camden Society 
from this Harleian MS. These anecdotes illus- 
trate the manners of the period, hut appear to 
he devoid either of talent or humour.] 

80. Edm. Gumey usd to say, that a mathe- 
matitian is like one that goes to markett, to huy 
an axe to hreake an egge. 

Ed. Gurnby. 

120. A Welchman had sentence of death 
passt upon him for having two wives ; hut he 
stormd and swore, Uds splitt his nailes, he 



* Anecdotes and Traditions : 
Esq. F.S.A. 



editedbyW.J.Thoms, 



saw no reason they had to hang him for two 
wives, when the priest told him before a creat 
people, he might have sixteen, — ^foure better, 
foure worse, foure richer, foure poorer (instead 
of For better, Ac) 

Era. Gurnkt. 

186. Yong Mr. Hov.* when he learnt first 
to dance, was much disswaded and discourag'd 
by T. Gur.f " For," says he, '* it is impos- 
sible for the ever to attaine the best perfection 
in it, because thou hast no musicall eare ; " for 
he never footed to the musicke, nor could dis- 
tinguish betwixt the beginning, end, 'or middle 
of any dance, or betwixt one tune and an- 
other. <* O," sayes Hovell, << now I see thou 
dost not understand what belongs too 't; for 
dost thinke we have nothing else to doe but to 
listen to the fiddles, when we should dance ? " 

Ned Gurkat* 

169. Upon high festivalb the Bbhoppe or 

Deane use to preache at Christ Church in 

Norwich, and to g^ up into thepulpitt in their 

skarlett robes. On Christinas Day it was the 

* Mr. HoveU. f Tbooias Gwmj. 



APP. LXXXIV.] "merry PASSAGBS AND JBSTS. 



483 



Deane's coarse, who preacht in his redde robes ; 
and a poor silly woman being askt when she 
came home Who preacht at Christ Church ? 
" Truly," says she, " I know not, unless 'twere 
one of our aldermen ; for I am sure he had a 
redde gowne." 

DOL. GURNEY. 

271. Power, of Christ-CoUedge in Cambr. 
precht ones at St. Maries, and all his sermon 
was but a Narration of the Life of Christ, and 
the miracles wrought by him ; but wound up 
and concluded his discourse in this manner : 
*« And all this was by the Power of Christ." 
Tho. Gournay, 

343. Mr. Hill, that marryed Mr. Potts his 
daughter, when he was a suter to his wife, she 
was fumbling of some tune with her fingers 
upon the table. << Lady," says he, *< I durst 
lay a wager I could tell you what you play." 
** I doubt it," sayes she, so she tryde it againe. 
" Now tell me what I play?" " Why, I 
thinke you play the foole," says he ; which com- 
pliment much vext her, and put her extreamly 
out. 

My C. Do. Gournay. 

369. A baker in Norwich, while his wife 
lay sicke and bedridde, was providing of an- 
other, whose name was Grace. His first dyde, 
and still, as his neighbours came to comfort 
him, and tell him what a losse he had, *< I, 
friends I " sayes he, ^ on heavy losses God give 
me patience, and Grace." 

My Co. Do. GouR. 

363. Young Mr. Rich. Hovell, being a 
hunting neer to Sr John Pooleys (who was 
then fishing of a water by his house), the hare 



making downe for the cold wette grounds, was 
by some accident forct into the pond which 
they were then drawing, and fell foule of the 
nett. In the interim, the doggs being in cold 
hunting, and almost at a dead fault, Dicke Hbv. 
gallopps downe to the company, and meeting 
S^" Jo. Poo. there, salutes him and askt him 
what he fisht for ? << For hares," sayes he. 
(Upon this they wagerd angells apeece, and 
put stakes into a third hand ; Si" Jo. Pooley 
wonne, and had it.) ** That^s very likely," sayes 
Dick Hov. (taking it for a frump and jeere.) 
« I am sure 'tis very true," sayes Sr Jo. *• and 
that youl find presently. Pull, Pull," sayes 
he, and up they drew the nett, with a great 
hare sprawling in it. *< Looke you here," 
cryes &• John, " did not I tell you as much ? " 
<' Yes faith," sayes Dick, '* and now I see the 
old saying is true, that ther's no creature upon 
earth but the water has the same: what a 
wonderfull thing it is I " <* Not a whit," sayes 
Si* Jo. Poo. << to me ; for I have eate many a 
good hare oute of this pond in my time." 

Ned Gournay. 

364. Prebend Robarts, of Norwich, riding 
into the country, pass'd by a plaine fellow's 
house, whose child he had formerly answered 
for, and enquiringe for his godsonne, the good 
father over-joyed, fell into such superlative 
com'endations of him, as if it might be much 
suspected by his forward pregnancie that he 
would not be long-liv'd. He was glad to heare, 
but loath to see, by reason of his hast of busi- 
nesse at that time; yet the extreame impor- 
tuntie of his gossippe, and hope of finding 
something admirable in the child, made him 
dismount, and coming into the house, he found 
his godsonne cag'd up among the joynt-stooles 
on the farther side of a long table. His father 
3r 



484 



EDWARD GURNAY. 



[part II. 



call? him, and woo'd him to come out, and aske 
blessing. << I won't," sajes he. Then his 
godfather tempted him with fair words, and 
promises of plumes, and such good things. 
^< I won't, goodman snot-gall," sayes the boy ; 
and this was all that the authoritie of the one, 
or rhetoricke of the other, could get from this 
witty child. The grave prebend bad his gos- 
sipp be of good comfort, *< For truly," sayes he, 
" I see nothing by my god-sonne but that he 
may live long ; " and so, with much sorrow for 
his lost time, he hasted, away. 

My C. Do. GouRNAT. 



451. Parson Edm. Gournay, inveighii^ 
against the common fault of the meaner aort of 
people, who are too prone to performe dyill and 
outward respects upon the coming of greater 
persons into the church, by rising, bowing, &c. 
even in the midst of their devotions, and of 
divine worshippe, sayes he, " I like a Holy- 
rowly-powlinesse ; for there sure, if any where, 
we oughte to be haile fellows well mett." 

Edw. Oournay. 




485 



HENRY GURNAY IL 

Son of Edward Gumay and Frances Hovell his wife, was bom in 1632, 
and was nine years old at the death of his father. He married Ellen, 
daughter of William Adams, Esq.' barrister-at-law, and died without 
children at the age of twenty-eight, in 1660. He was the last of the 
Goumays of West Barsham ; in the church there is the following inscrip- 
tion to his memory : 

To the memory of Henry Goumay, Esq. 
This stone was laid in the year of 
Our Lord 1670. 

His will is dated 20th December (no year mentioned), and was proved 
1 1th February 1660, it is as follows : 

[Extracted from the Registry of the Prerogative Court of Canterbury.] 

" In the name of God Amen, I Henry Gourney, of West Barsham, in 
the county of Norfk. Esquire, being sick in body but of perfect memory, 
do hereby declare and publish my last will and testament. First I bequeath 
my soul unto the Lord that gave it, and my body to the dust of which it 
was made. Whereas Frances Gourney, widow, my mother, by her deed of 
surrender, did surrender and grant her estate for life of the manor of 
West Barsham and Holton, alias Gaunt Hall, in Holton, and all the lands, 
liberties, and privileges to those the said manors appertaining, and all 
other lands in any of the said towns, or in any other town adjoining, unto 
me the said Henry Gourney her son, who had the remainder in tail next 
and immediately after the death of the said Frances my mother ; and 
whereas I the said Henry Gourney, the last term, did levy a fine, with 
proclamations according to the statute, of all and singular the premises 



* Quaere, whether of the family of Adams, Baronets, of Sprowston in Norfolk ? 



486 HENRY GURNAY II. [PART II. 

afore-mentioned ; my will is that my dear wife shall have all and singular 
the premises aforesaid, for and during the term of her natural life^ paying 
unto the said Frances Goumey my mother one hundred pounds yearly, 
and every year during the life of the said Frances my mother, at the four 
most usual feasts of the year, commonly called Christmas, Our Lady Day, 
Midsummer, and Michaelmas, hy even and equal portions ; and for want of 
such payment as aforesaid that it shall he lawful to and for the said 
Frances to distrain upon any of the premises aforesaid, and the distress 
and distresses so taken to detain until the said rent of one hundred pounds, 
or any part thereof, he to her fully satisfied and paid. Upon condition, 
nevertheless, that William Adams, of the Middle Temple, Esq. father of my 
said wife, shall pay the sum of two thousand pounds, according as he stand 
bound to pay to me at the times limited and appointed. And my mind 
and will is that my executors shall dispose of the said two thousand pounds 
for the payment of my debts. And if there remain any overplus after my 
debts are paid, that my dear wife shall have the same, but if the said Wil- 
liam Adams shall fail in the payment of the said two thousand pounds 
aforesaid, then my mind and will is that my executors, the survivor or 
survivors of them, shall sell so much of my lands in Barsham aforesaid as 
will fully satisfy and pay all my said debts : and I do make my wife, Mr. 
John Colson, and Mr. William Davy, executors of this my last will and 
testament, and I do declare this to be my mind and meaning, all written 
on one sheet of paper, the one and twentieth day of December, in the 
presence of Ellen Goumay, Thomasin Goulding, Thomas Witherley. 

'* Probatum apud London, Uth February 1660. Coram judice, jura- 
mento WiHmi Davey, unius executorum, cui commissa fuit administratio 
de bene, &c. reservata potestate Johanni Coulson alteri executori.** 

By this will it appears that Henry Gumay IL was the last in the entail 
of the West Barsham estates, and that he bequeathed them to his wife 
Mrs. Ellen Goumey. She it was who probably sold this ancient property 
of the Gumeys to Sir Lestrange Calthorpe,' Knight, who possessed it in 



» Harl. MSS. 5801, fol. 1. Le Neve's Pedigrees of Knights. 



A.D. 1660.] 



ESTATES SOLD AND DIVIDED. 



48; 



1674. He was son of Philip Calthorpe, of Gressenhall^ and grandson of 
Sir James Calthorpe, of Cockthorpe. Sir Lestrange Calthorpe was a 
serjeant-at-law and of the Middle Temple. The present family of Balders, 
owners of West Barsham, are his descendants, through the Morleys. 

Of the other ancient properties of the Gumeys, we have already stated 
that Anthony Gumey sold the lordship of Swathings, or Hardingbam^ in 
the reign of Henry VHI. 

Harpley manor was apparently settled upon the issue of Anthony Gur- 
ney's second marriage, which was an only daughter Elizabeth, whose 
descendants the Yelvertons, sold it to the Walpoles in 1 642. (See page 45 1 .) 

Irstead, and the manors surrounding it, which were held by the Gurneys, 
were sold to Sir Peter Gleane, Knight, either by Edward Gumey or his 
grandfather Henry Gumey I. sometime before the year 1632. 

I do not discover how the most ancient of the Gurney fiefs, Hingham- 
Gumeys, became alienated from the family. 

Thus the estate of the Gournays in Norfolk became as it were a wreck 
of what it had been. Great EUingham was the only part which appears to 




GREAT ELLINOHAM HALL. 



have been inherited by the heirs of the female line ; it devolved to Mar- 
garet, aunt of Henry Guraay IL, and one of the sisters of Edward Gurnay. 




488 HENRY GURNAY H. [PART II. 

She married William Davy, Esq.* by whom she had an only child Mary, 
married to Sir Roger Potts, Bart, of Mannington, who died in r7ll, and 
she in 1 70 1. Their daughter, and eventually heiress, Susan Potts, mar- 
ried Matthew Long, of Dunston, Esq. whose family through her are the 
principal representatives in the female line of the 
Gumeys of West Barsham. 

The family of Potts had property at Mannington 
from a very early period, and the latter generations 
were several times knights of the shire for Norfolk. 
They bore for arms. Azure, two bars or, over all a bend 
of the second. 

William Davy, Esq. resided in the old hall at Great EUingham, as well 
as Sir Roger Potts, before the death of his father. In the register of this 
parish is the baptism of Ursula, daughter of Roger Potts, 5 Dec. 1670. 
Mrs. Ellen Gourney (widow of this Henry Gumay II.) was sponsor, with 
Sir John Potts and Elizabeth Potts. 

Sir Roger Potts sold the estate of Great Ellingham to Mr. Francis 
Colman, of Norwich, who was lord of the manor in Blomefield*s time. 

2. Frances Gurnay, the sister of Henry Gurnay II. was living in 1641, 
and was a legatee in the will of Dorothy Gumay, of Norwich, her aunt, 
that same year; she was bom after 6th Nov. 1639, when her father 
Edward Gurnay made his will. I suppose she died single, and that the 

William Davy was son of Henry Davy, sheriff and alderman of Norwich, as by the follow- 
ing pedigree, taken from the Heralds* Visitation of 1664. 

Richard Dayib, of EasU>n,^3CHRi8nANA, dau. and heir of Richard Biihop, 
Norfolk. I of Yarmouth, oo. Norfolk. 

. 1 



Henbt Datib, sheriff and alderman ofy^ELiZABBTH, dau. of Richard Webb, of Ixworth, 
Norwich, 2nd son. co. Suffolk. 

I ' 

WiLUAM Datie, of Ellingham Magna,=^MAaoABET, dau. of Thomas Oovanej, Esq. of West Barsham, 
CO. Norfolk. I CO. Norfolk. 

H 

MARY.=Sir Roger Potts, Bart. 
The Davys of Mangreen, and the present Davys of Ingoldesthorpe, descend from the same 
family, through the Davys of Gunthorpe. 



A.D. 1660.] 



WEST BARSHAM. 



489 



following inscription on a flagstone in West Barsham Church commemo- 
rates her : 

" To the memory of Frances Goumey this stone was laid in 167(k" 

In the chancel of the church of West Barsham several monuments to 
different members of the Gumey family are still in existence, which are 
more particularly mentioned under the names of the persons to whom they 
belong. In the east window three coats of arms remain, 1st, Gules, three 
dexter hands or, Wauncy ; 2nd, Checquy, or and azure, Warren ; 3rd, Or, 
three chevronels gules, Clare. 




The Gumey badge, the wrestling collar, was also in the window, but 
the pane of glass that contained it being loose, it was given to the present 
family. 

Near the church stands the old family mansion, which still bears the 
appearance of an ancient manor house. 

C!olonel Balders, the late owner of it, remembered it moated round, with 
a great many coats of arms in the coloured glass of the windows. It is 
probable that the eight remaining panes of an armorial pedigree of this 



490 



HBNRY GURNAY II. 



{part II. 




WEST BABSHAM HALL. 



family, in coloured glass, now preserved in a window at Walsii^ham 
Abbey, were originally brought from West Barsham. We have already 
given these at page 320. 




WEST BAB8HAM CHURCH. 



The church at West Barsham is a low small structure with remains of 



A.D. 1660.] WEST BARSHAM. 491 

early Norman architecture about it. The entrance door of the south 
porch especially is a good specimen of a pointed arch with the zig-zag 




PORCH, WEST BABSHAM. 



ornament. There has obviously been a square Norman tower in the 
centre of the buildings only one side of which remains. The present 
chancel being of a much later date^ and containing many monumental 
slabs in memory of the Gumeys (1831). 

3 s 



492 HENRY GURNAY II. [PART II. 

One of the present family was told, when he visited this church in 1791, 
that the windows were formerly entirely filled with shields of the matches 
of the Gumeys, but that the tower had fallen and broken them. The 
only Gumey arms in glass that then remained was Gumey impaling Hovell, 
with one crest apparently broken out, and the wrestling collar as a second 
crest. 

Upon the death of Henry Gumay 11. the family of the Gumeys of West 
Barsham became extinct, and this race of men, which had existed for so 
many centuries, was dispersed and scattered, younger branches of it alone 
remaining after the destruction of the parent stem. 

Tote rien se tome en declin, 
Tot chiet, tot muert, tot vait a fin ; 
Horn muert, fer use, fiiBt porrist, 
Tur font» mur chiet, rose flaistrit ; 
Cheval tresbuche, drap viesist ; 
Tote ovre fet od mainz p^st ; 
Bien entenz ^ conoiz ^ sai, 
Ke tuit morront ^ cler ^ lai ; 
£ mult ara lor renomee 
Emprez lor mort corte dur6e ; 
Se par cler ne est mise en livre 
Ne pot par el durer ne vivre.a 

Roman de Rou, par Wace, vol. i. p. 4. 



A Toute chose toume en declin, tout tombe, tout meurt, tout va ^ fin ; Thomme meurt, le fer 
use, le bois pourrit, la tour s'ecroule, le mur tombe, la rose fletrit ; cheval bronche, drap 
viellit, tout ce qui est fait de la main perit : C6st bien entendu et conna et su, que tons 
mourront, et clerc et lai ; et leur renomm^ aura tr^s courte dur^e apr^ leur mort» si par clerc 
elle n'est pas mise au livre, elle ne pent pas par elle-meme durer ni vivre. 



END OF THE GURNEYS OF WEST BARSHAM. 



493 




THE GURNEYS OF CAWSTON AND AYLSHAM. 

Walter Gurney, second son of WUliam Gumey, 
Esq., of West Barsham, and Anne Calthorpe his wife, 
was the ancestor of this younger branch of the Gurney 
family. (See pages 400 and 409.) He was living in 
the 11th Henry VII., 1496, and had lands granted him 
by his father at Cley-next-the-Sea,* of which place he 
was styled, and married Margaret, daughter of Edmund 
Moore, of Wolterton, Esq., and relict of Robert Dynne, of Heydon ;^ she 
afterwards, according to the Heralds' Visitation, married Robert Herward, 
of Roughton near Cromer, and foiuthly Henry Herward. We doubt 
whether this is entirely correct, as the following inscription in the church 
at Cawston may refer to this Margaret. 

" Orate pro animabus Margarite Herward, et Will'i Herward, et Nich'i 
Herman, et Johan'is Dowsyng, nuper virorum predicte Margarite."*^ 

Of the names here mentioned, the Herwards and the Dynnes of Hey- 
don, were people of very good family in Norfolk. 



William Gurney, of Cawston, gent., was son and heir of the above- 
named Walter. He was supervisor of the will of Thomas Hayls, of Cawston, 
dated 22nd April, 1528;"* he occurs by the same name and addition in 
1551,^ and vritnesses a vrill there 15.52;' again he occurs as living at 
Cawston in 1556.*^ He married Anne, daughter of William Wayte, gent.. 



• Blomefield in West Barsham. Norris MSS. Irsted. ^ Heralds' Visitation, 

c Blomefield in Cawston. ^ Arch. Norw. Reg. Randes.fol. 418 b. Norris MSS. 

e Reg. Coraunt, fol. 334 a. Norris MSS. 
f Arch. Norw. Reg. Woodcock, fol. 408 b. « Reg- Folklin, fol. 222 a. 




494 OURNEYS OF CAWSTON AND AYLSHAM. [PART II. 

of Titteshall, in Norfolk. The arms of Gumey, Ai^ent, 
a cross engrailed gules, with a crescent azure in the 
first quarter for diflFerence, impaling Wa)rte of Norfolk, 
Azure, a fess or between three fishes naiant argent, were 
formerly amongst others in the windows of the par- 
sonage house at Cawston.* He had issue by his wife 
Anne Wayte, 

1 . William, his son and heir. 

2. Prudence, married to Gilbert Parker, of Honing, Norfolk, gent, 
where his family had been seated for many generations. This Gilbert 
Parker was heir to his maternal uncle, Clement Herward, of Aldborougfa, 
Esq. ; he died in 1604, and she before 1605. 

3. Anne, married to Edward Hamond, Rector of Cawston, who was 
buried in the church there, with the following inscription to his memory : 

" Hie jacet corpus Edwardi Hammond, Rectoris hujusce Ecclesie quad- 
raginta septem annos, qui obiit decimo die Junii, A.D. 1621.**^ 

William Gumey died in 1579 ; his will is dated the 15th, and proved the 
27th February in that year. It is made by the name and addition of 
William Gumey, senr. of Cawston, gent, ; he directed to be buried at the 
church at Cawston, and gave to the repair of the said church 20.v., to the 
poor 20*., to the repair of the churches of Booton and Cleye by the Sea 
20*. To Anne his wife he gives divers lands and tenements in Cawston 
for her Ufe, remainder to William Gumey his son, to whom also he gave 
divers other lands there, and legacies to Wolston Gumey, Robert Gumey, 
Elizabeth Gumey, and Lucy Gumey, children of his son William Gumey, 
to Prudence Parker his daughter, wife of Gilbert Parker of Aldborough, 
gent., to Mary Parker his grandaughter, to William, Edward, and Elizabeth 
Hammond his grandchildren, and to Anne Hammond their mother, his 
daughter, and to George Wayte his brother-in-law ; to his (the testator's) 
eldest son a silver pot and cover, which he had of the gift of Jane Herward, 
the wife of Robert Herward of Booton ; and made Anne his wife executrix. 



• Blomefield in Cawston. b Ibid. 



A.D. 1595.] GURNETS OF CAWSTON AND AYLSHAM. 495 

and Gilbert Parker, gent., his son-in-law, supervisor.* Anne, his wife, 
continued his widow to her death : by her will, made by the name of Anne 
Gumey of Cawston, widow, dated 16th Sept. 1595, and proved 21st Jan. 
following, she directed to be buried in the church there by her husband 
William Gumey, and ordered a gravestone to be laid over their graves. 
She gave legacies to the towns of Cawston, Titshall, and East Barsham, and 
gave lands to William Gumey, gent., and legacies to Elizabeth Cooke, Lucy 
Johnson, Woolston Giumey, Robert Gumey, Mary Gumey, Mary Parker, 
Gertrude, Thomas, and Pmdence Parker, Edward, William, Elizabeth, 
Matthew, and Gilbert Hammond, all of them her grandchildren ; to her 
brother Henry Wa)rte, gent., and to his children then living ; to her brother 
George Wa3rte, and his children then living : land was given to Prudence 
Parker, her daughter, in fee, and made her sole executrix, and Edward 
Hammond, her son-in-law, supervisor.** 

She was buried according to her desire, and a brass plate, with Roman 
capitals and the effigies of a man and woman and a shield with arms, was 
placed over her and her husband, with this inscription : — 

HERE LYETH THE BODIE OF WILLM. GURNAY, GENT. 
WHO DEPUTED THE X^** DAY OF MARCHE, ANNO 
d'nI 1578, AND ANNE HIS WIFE, WHO DEPUTED 
THE XIX*** DAY OF JANUARIE, ANNO d'nI 1595. 
THEY HAD ISSUE ONE SONNE AND 3 DAUGHTERS. 

Of this monument the inscription alone remains. 

In Marham Church, among many others, were formerly in two instances 
the arms of this branch of the Gumeys impaling Wayte, as given above, 
also Herward impaling Gumey .*^ 



William Gurney, son of William and Anne Wayte his wife, occurs as 
witness to a will at Cawston, 16th March, 1599.** 

He married Emma, daughter of Browne, gent, of Tacolston, in 

• Arch. Norw. Reg. Sellers, fol. 249 b. »> Arch. Norw. Reg. Hohnes, fol. 255 b. 

« Harl. M8S. Mus. Brit. 901, pp. 26, 27, 87, written about 1575 by Mr. Robert Kemp. 
^ Arch. Norw. R^. Holmes, fol. 255 b. 



496 



GURNEYS OF CAWSTON AND AYLSHAM. 



[part. II. 



Norfolk. The family of Browne is ancient, and existed at Sparkes Hall at 
that place. He had issue — 

1. WooLSTON GuRNEY of North Walsham, who married Alice Hagon,* 
30th July, 1 595, and died s. p. in the lifetime of his father.*' 

2. Robert Gurney of Aylsham, gent., eventually heir. 

3. Elizabeth, married Robert Coke of Walcot, who was of the same 
family as Lord Chief Justice Coke, whose ancestors possessed property at 
East Ruston, Walcot, and Happisburgh, and were among the minor gentry, 
perhaps yeomen, of that district. The father of Lord Chief Justice Coke 
had a grant of arms in the reign of Philip and Mary, Argent, a chevron 
engrailed gules between three tiger's heads erased sable, dented argent^ 
langued of the second, collared or ; but Sir Edward Coke bore, Per pale 
azure and gules, three eagles displayed argent. 





4. Lucy, married Richard Johnson of Cawston, and afterwards 
Flaxman. 



William Gurney's will is dated 3 1st July, 10th James L, 1620. He 
directed to be buried in the church at Cawston. To Emma, his wife, he 



a North Walsham Parish Register. 

^ Reg. Bade, fol. 261a. There was an ancient family of the name of Hagon or Haeon 
seated at Westacre and Melton in Norfolk. They had also lands in Cley. 
*^ Blomefield in Mileham. Norris MSS. £. Ruston. Happing. 



A.D. 1620.] GURNEYS OF CAWSTON AND AYL8HAM. 497 

gave his tenement where he then lived, called Nichols, with the houses, 
yards, gardens, grounds, &c. thereunto belonging, to hold to the said 
Emma, her heirs and assigns, for ever, papng thereout to Robert Gurney, 
his son, 20/. Certain other lands in Cawston he gave to Lucy Flaxman 
for life, remainder to his son Robert in fee, legacies to Dorothy Parker, 
his god-daughter, and made his wife sole executrix. Proved 7th August, 
1620.* 

Robert Gurney of Aylsham, gent., was second son of the above-named 
William and Emma Browne; he married Dorothy, widow of John Tomson 
of Aylsham. There was a family of this name living at Berry Hall, at 
Aylsham, or rather at Bursh by Aylsham. 

We have no knowledge of Robert Gurney's descendants ; but that this 
branch of the family was not extinct with him appears by the following 
inscription, which was seen by Mr. Norris in the church at Aylsham : — 

*' Thomas et GuUelmus Fllii ThomaB Grouraay 

Novissimum diem Hie deposit! sunt. 



Thomas ) , .. 4** m». Jan.), ^ , il643 
.. ,. , ?obutL^„ T.,^ [A. Sal. ,^^, 
GuHehnus ) ( 12° m«. Feb. (1641 



Sanctificati brevi implevenmt longa tempora ; grati enim Domino erantipso, et propterea festinavit 
eo8 toUere ex mortalitatis medio.*' 

We find also the will of Anne Gurney of Aylsham, widow, dated Oct. 10, 
1660, proved Nov. 24, 1665, in which she mentions her brother, Henry 
L}mcolne, Susan Thompson her daughter, Anne and Susan Levington her 
grandaughters, and leaves land at Swanton Morley. 

« Arch. Norw. Reg. Barker, fol. 284 a. Norris MSS. 



498 



[part II. 



GURNEYS OF LONDON, ESSEX, AND DARTMOUTH. 

These Gumeys were descendants of Thomas Gnmey, third son of 
William Gumey IV. of West Barsham, and Anne Calthorpe. (See pages 
400 and 410.) Their pedigree is as follows : — 



Thomas Qurnby, executor to his fiither 1607, left by him ao anouii 
from Haiplej and the manor of Sculthorpe. 



ityj. 



Thomas Guilnet, son and heir.s?=. 



- Gou&NKT.=p. 



Richard QvusKTryjAm, dau. of Richard 



of London, sheriff 
1590, buried in St. 
Michael's, Crooked 
Lane, 21st March 
1596. 



Johnson, of Hemp- 
stead, Essex, obiit 
1613, buried in St. 
Bryde's Church. 



William Gur^tet, of London, 
merchant, executor to his 
brother Thomas 1589, and to 
his brother Richard 1597. 

Thomas Gurnet, of London, 
merchant, will proved 1589. 



1 



Jams, ma. 

Francis 

Clarke, 

1589— 

1597. 



-1 



JOHH =FTHOMAaiNB, 

(3ouR- daughter of 
NET, Richard 
de CO. Smith, of 
Som. Malton, co. 
Dorset. 



Sir Thomas Gurnet, 
Knt. of Stifford in 
Essex, High Sheriff 
1622, will proved 3 
May 1681, buried in 
St. Martyn'ft at Lud- 
gate; sine prale; ma. 
Mary, dau. and heir 
of Florence Caldwell, 
of London,will proved 
1635. 



Bathbseba, mar. Israel 
Owen, citizen and 
grocer. 

SiBiLLA,ma. Humphrey 
Wares, citizen and 
grocer ; relict of Ed- 
ward Stapleton, re- 
corder of Ooventoy. 

Frances, ma. Sir Hugh 
Browne, citizen and 
grocer. 



1 I I I 

Jane, mar. John 
Winche, citizen 
and dothwork- 
er ; 2 h. Rich- 
ard Venne, aid. 
of London. 

Anne, mar, 

Edwards. 

Mart, mar. Sir 
Henry Lee, KnL 

JocoSA,ma. Law- 
rence WethereU. 



Ann, mar. 
Thomas 
Evans, of 
London, 
haberw 
dasher 
near Wal- 
brook. 



WiLUAM 

Gk>UR- 
NBT, 2d 
son, will 
proved 
Ap. 1647, 
ro. Grace, 
dau. of 
Robert 
BaU,of 
Torring- 
ton. 



TH0MA8n=GRACB, 



Gk)UR- 

NET, of 

Dart- 
mouth, 
Devon, 
wUl 
proved 
August 
1647. 



Thomas. 



1 

Barbara. 



dan. of 
Wil- 
liam 
Bodley, 
of Dan- 
scomb. 



Jane. 



This pedigree is taken from one by C!ook Clarenceux, and from MSS. in 
the Heralds' C!ollege. 



In Willises Notitia Parliamentarian I find, "Representatives in Parlia- 
ment for Dartmouth, in Devonshire : 



A.D. 1596.] OURNEYS OP LONDON, ESSEX, AND DARTMOUTH. 499 

1557. Thos. Gournay. 

1671. Thos. Gourney. 

1 672. Thos. Gumey, who dying was succeeded by Wm. Ldston. 
1603. Thos. Gourney." 

Of Sir Thomas Gurney, Sheriff of Essex in 1622, I find the following 
account in Morant's Essex, under the parish of Stifford, and Manor of 
Fleet Hall, otherwise Cleys : — 

" The Clock-house, anciently named Loveland, now an ale-house, here 
known by the sign' of the Dog and Partridge, belonged to Sir Thomas 
Goumey, Knt., Sheriff of this county in 1622, who had the advowson of 
the church and several parcels of land. He held this messuage of the 
King, as of his Honor of Tutbury, parcel of the Duchy of Lancaster ; and 
of Edw. Kightley, Esq., as of his manor of Grey's Thurrock ; he held the 
advowson of this church, Great and Little Nuttborough, Great and Little 
Limekills, the Brach, Smithfield, and Mayes, of Thomas Latham, Esq., as 
of his manor of Stifford ; he held 80 acres called Burrells and Chickeners, 
several parcels called Wattslands, and other messuages and parcels ; and 
of the manor of West Thurrock he held Morrisland, the Brach, Torrells, 
Mead, Davy-down-wood, &c., all in this parish."* Sir Thomas Goumey 
died on the 3d April, 1631.^ His will, in which he was styled Sh- Thomas 
Gumey, Knt., of Styfford, in the county of Essex, was proved in 1631.*^ 

" His father, Richard Gournay, Alderman of London, dyed 5 March 
1596. Over the porch of the house are these letters T. G. H. 1607.^'' 

Richard Gumey, Alderman of London, bore for arms,® Argent, a cross 

• Morant's Essex, vol. i. p. 98. ^ loquis. 7 Caro. June 18. 

• Will in Doctors* Commons, ** Morant's Essex, ut supra. 

• Extract from a MS. preserved in the College of Arms, by Dr. Matthew Hutton : 

" Church Notes. 
In St. Michaers, Crooked Lane, London, 1619, Ric'us Gournye, Aldus Lond.^ ob. 1596, et 
Anna uxor ejus, qusB ob. 1612 ; issue 12 nati. 

Goomy porte ar. cros. ingr. g. en ler qr cinqfoil az. 
Ejus uxor pt. az. fes. engr. or, entre 3 roses ar. leaves stalks ar. 

Thomas Gourney filius ejus unicus relictus, Anna renupta viro cuidam nobili sed uxori ingrato." 
Heralds' Visitation. 

3 T 



500 



OURNEYS OF LONDON, B8SBX, AND DARTMOUTH. [PART II. 



engrailed gules, in the first quarter a cinquefoil azure for difference. His 
son had this coat allowed by Camden, in 1621, with a crest, on a chapeau 
gules, turned up ermine, a lion passant argent, with its foot on a cinque- 
foil. Motto, " Pacem arma tuentur." 




END OF PART II. 



PART III. 

THE GURNETS OF KESWICK, IN NORFOLK. 



FROM THB REIGN OF JAMES I. TO THE PRESENT TIME. 




" A marchant was there with a forked herd, 
lo mottelee, and highe on hors de sat, 
And on hb bed a Flaundrish bever hat. 
Hia botes clasped fiiyre and fetislj. 
His resons spake he ful solempnely, 
Souning alway the encrease of his winning. 
He wold the see were kept for any thing, 



KESWICK CHURCH. 

BetwLzen Middleburgh and Orwell. 
Wei could he in eschanges sheldes selle : 
This worthy man full well his wit besette ; 
There wiste no wight that he was in dette, 
So stede&stly didde he his governance, 
With his bargeines, and with his chevisance.* 
Forsothe he was a worthy man withalle.** 

Chaucer'^t Ccmierbwry Taht, 
* Chevisance, an agreement to borrow money. 

3 U 




^'i^^: 



KESWICK OLD HALL. 



1 



PREFACE 



TO 



THE THIRD PART. 



The Gurneys of Keswick are descended from Francis Gnmay, sixth son 
of Henry Gurnay, Esq. of West Barsham and Great Ellingham, by Ellen 
Blennerhasset, his wife. (See page 467, also page 582. App. XCVIII.) 

The circumstances of the latter generations of the West Barsham Gur- 
neys were contracted, and they threw oflF their younger branches into 
Norwich and elsewhere. This Henry Gurnay especially had a family of 
twelve children, and was certainly not a man of ample means. 

Francis Gurnay, his sixth son, was a merchant in London, and was 
living in the parish of St. Benet Finck, in the city, in the middle of the 
17th century .a He married Ann, daughter of William Browning, mer- 
chant of Norwich, and afterwards of Maiden, by whom he had several 
children : of whom Francis, his second son, was of Maiden, in Essex, and 
married Ann, daughter of Jeremy Browning, of that place,*^ probably his 
cousin. 

We have been unable to discover the wills of either of these Francis 
Gurnays, at any of the offices where they could have been proved. The 
fact seems to be, that like many others sprung from the younger branches 
of gentlemen's families they were in straitened circumstances, (App. XCIX.) 
and had no property to bequeath ; and the troubled period in which they 
lived would doubtless contribute to this. Francis Gurnay of London was 
in great difficulties in the year 1625, when, by the accounts remaining at 



* Heralds* Visit. 1634. Parish Reg. St. Benet Finck. 
«» Heralds' Visit. 1664. Parish Reg. St. Mary, Maiden. 



504 PREFACE TO THE THIRD PART. 

Hunstanton Hall in Norfolk, Sir Hamon Lestrange was obliged to pay a 
bond of 100/. he had contracted, to the corporation of Lynn, on his behalf. 
This commercial failure of Francis Gurnay arose from his having attempted 
to establish a manufacture at Lynn, in the desecrated building of St. 
James's church there. Sir Henry Spelman, in his History of Sacrilege, 
page 184, gives an account of this enterprise, and I have obtained extracts 
from the documents of the L3ain corporation, which will explain it still 
further. (App. LXXXVII.) 

Francis Gurnay of Maiden (his second son) had several children ; of 
whom the eldest was John Gurnay, bom in 1665 ; * he was bound appren- 
tice to one Daniel Gilman, of Norwich, citizen and cordwainer.** He after- 
wards entered into the silk trade, residing in St. Gregor}^'s parish ; and 
partly through the assistance of his wife, Elizabeth Swanton, a woman 
possessed of extraordinary talent for commercial affairs, realised a con- 
siderable fortune, and laid the foundation of the commercial wealth of the 
present family of the Gumeys, of whom he may be said to have been as it 
were the founder. 

Herein therefore rests the peculiarity of the tale told in our Record. A 
Norman pirate accompanies RoUo to the coasts of Neustria — ^becomes the 
founder of a race of barons in the ceded Normandy, one of whom follows 
Duke William into England, and obtains possessions there, chiefly in the 
county of Norfolk. On the loss of Normandy by King John, these barons 
refuge themselves in England. Sprung from them, in a junior branch, 
arises a line of country gentlemen, existing in Norfolk for five centuries ; 
and from these last, through a younger son, descends a commercial family, 
which has been such from the days of James L to the present time^ 
and whose opulence is in the main the result of successful commercial 
enterprise. 

Thus it will be seen that the present family of the Gurneys no longer 
possesses an acre of their ancient territories ; but, nevertheless, by a strange 
fatality, has continued almost uninterruptedly, from the period of the Con- 
quest, or at all events of William Rufus, in the county of Norfolk. 

»* Register St. Mary, Maiden. ^ Norwich Corporation Books. 



THE CITIZEN OR BURGESS. 505 

The history of the Gumeys of Keswick is therefore that of a family of 
citizens engaged in commerce. 

Mr. Nohle, in his History of the CioUege of Arms (page 25), observes, that 
in the reign of Henry VI. " persons were sent round through many of the 
counties of England to collect the names of the gentry in each : these lists 
of names have reached our time. It is observable that many are men- 
tioned in them who had stooped to the meanest trades, yet still were 
accounted gentry. We must suppose that they were the offspring of 
younger branches, whose fortunes were unequal to support them in a 
higher situation. It is evident that at this time trade, though it might 
depress, did not destroy gentility." 

These remarks apply forcibly to the subject now before us. The 
inhabitants of our tovnis, it is well known, were highly favoured by some 
of our early monarchs, as they required their assistance in so many ways, 
and principally as a counterpoise to the power of the feudal barons, which 
became intolerable after the undisputed settiement of the Norman dynasty. 
King John and Henry III. granted numerous charters of privileges to 
towns in England. Edward III., who was undoubtedly amongst the 
greatest monarchs which have sat on the English throne, having married 
a princess of Hainault, bordering on the Low Ck)untries, witnessed the 
advantages which had accrued to that portion of Europe from its com- 
mercial superiority ; and, sagaciously perceiving that his own kingdom of 
England was by nature peculiarly adapted for an emporium of commerce, 
favoured the inhabitants of towns, established manufactures, and promoted 
trade. Edward IV., having been much indebted to the citizens of London 
in his struggle for the crown, in consequence enlarged their privileges. 
And as we approach the enlightening period of the Reformation, and the 
centuries which follow it, we detect more and more the increasing in- 
fluence and wealth of the citizens of England ; and, in truth, they may be 
considered to form the great item in the power of the British Empire 
itself, and one main cause of the gradual formation of our mixed political 
constitution. 

The privilege of being a citizen or burgess is, perhaps, even of Roman 
origin ; it was confirmed by the royal charters of our early kings ; it was 



506 PREFACE TO THE THIRD PART. 

hereditary, and the right of canying on trades was almost, if not exclu- 
sively, theirs. They formed themselves into gilds or commercial com- 
panies, which increased their security by something like a system of 
mutual assurance ; and introduced, moreover, a religious character into 
these fraternities, which were generally under the invocation of some dis- 
tinguished saint. In France, the families which had obtained the rank of 
bourgeoisie were as distinct from the other inhabitants of towns as the 
noblesse themselves* Happily in England these lines of demarcation 
were never so broad and determined. 

The city of Norwich was, from a very early period, distinguished as one 
of the principal in England. It appears probable that it was the Venta 
Icenorum of the Romans, and that the castle at Norwich, called by the 
Normans Blanchefleur, was built upon the site of the Roman, or perhaps 
British, fortification. The Roman camp at Caistor, on the other side of 
the then estuary, was an auxiliary camp to this metropolis of the Iceni. 
According to Domesday, the city contained, in the time of Edward the 
Confessor, 1,320 burgesses ; their numbers were reduced to 665 burgesses, 
besides 480 bordarii, when the survey was made. This diminution resulted 
"partim propter forisfacturas Rogerii Comitis, partim propter arsuram, 
partim propter geltum Regis, partim propter Walerannum." The dispersed 
citizens fled to Beccles and elsewhere, as appears by the same authority. 

After the Conquest, the earliest royal charter granted to the city of Nor- 
wich was by Henry II. and this was followed up by Richard I., Henry 
III. and subsequent sovereigns. The Earls of Norfolk were apparently 
the feudal lords of the castle of Norwich, which was however made 
the public gaol of the county in 1362, and the Dukes of Norfolk con- 
tinued to possess great influence in the city at a later period. The Duke 
of Norfolk and his son, the Earl of Surrey, had each a palace in the city, 

* The privilege of bourgeoisie in France was so highly considered, that, if a bourgeois nuutied 
a woman not bourgeoise, this woman, on the death of her husband, lost the rights of bourgeoisie. 
Strangers and men << de condition serve," who had been enfranchised, acquired the privilege of 
bourgeoisie by paying a sum of money ; the same privilege was given in recompence of public 
service. In all cases the bourgeois must necessarily have been << sain et legitime.*' Histoire 
d' Abbeville, par Louandre. 



TABl. 




JlB^^-fftr^ Ulhje- 



THE 6URNEY8 AT NORWICH. 607 

where they mamtained a princely court, surrounded by their council and 
officers of state. We must, therefore, picture to ourselves the ancient 
condition of the city : defended by a strong wall, including within it a large 
and wealthy manufacturing population, many of these being foreigners 
from the Low Countries, and at a later period from France; the city, 
moreover, abounding with the town houses of the Norfolk gentry, many of 
whom passed the winter months there. Of these a large number still re- 
main, and the sites of others are now occupied by modem houses, to which 
are attached spacious gardens, which abound in Norwich in a very unusual 
d^ree. Another leading feature in the ancient state of the city was the 
cathedral, with the bishop's palace, and the numerous churches and con- 
ventual buildings. The precincts of the cathedral, now called the Close, 
contained not only the metropolitan church and episcopal residence, but 
the priory, founded at the same time with the cathedral, by Herbert de 
Losinga, in the reign of William Rufus. These precincts were inclosed by 
a strong wall and gates of great architectural beauty, still remaining. 
These defences were essential, for the feuds between the ecclesiastics and 
citizens were frequent, and sometimes were carried to great lengths. 

I have before stated (page 359) the early connexion of the family of the 
Gumeys with the city of Norwich. Blomefield mentions (vol. iv. p. 3) that 
the arms of Goumey were formerly visible amongst those of the families 
who had contributed to the building of the cathedral. Edmund Gumey 
held an office similar to recorder of Norwich in the reign of Edward III. 
Henry Gumey, of Norwich, died intestate in 1443. Thomas Gurney, of 
West Barsham and of St. Gregory's parish, Norwich, mentions his house 
and land in the city in his will, dated 1471. William Gurney, of West 
Barsham, had a house in Pockthorpe, a suburb of Norwich, in 1508 ; and 
Anthony Gumey, in the reign of Henry VIII. inhabited Gumey's Place, in 
St. Julian's parish, which appears to have been the town house of the 
Gumeys of West Barsham for some generations. Dorothy Gurney, sister 
of Edward Gumey of West Barsham, was of the parish of St. George's 
Tombland in 1641 ; and Thomas Gumey buried his wife in the cathedral 
before 1660 (see pp. 476 and 477). Lastly, John Gurney, ancestor of the 
present fiEumly, was of St. Gregory's parish in 1690. 



508 PREFACE TO THE THIRD PART. 

To revert, however, from this digression to the Gumeys of Keswick. 

Francis Gumay, the merchant in London, spelt his name Gumay, whilst 
his son Francis, of Maiden, wrote his, Goumay, as is shown by their 
signatures to the account of their respective families in the Heralds' Visi- 
tations of 1634 and 1664, and by the entries in the parish registers of St. 
Benet Finck, in London, and St. Mary's, Maiden. 

John Goumay, or Gurney, of Norwich, appears by the registers of the 
Society of Friends at Norwich to have originally written his name 
Goumey, and some of his children were registered with that spelling ; but 
latterly he wrote the name Gurney, as his descendants have ever since done. 

He embraced the tenets of the Quakers, and the earliest mention of him 
amongst the records of that religious body is in 1678. 

He was afterwards, together with many others, imprisoned in the city 
gaol at Norwich for his religious opinions. At that period the Society of 
Friends had, with various other sects, gained ground in Norfolk. 

A spirit of religious inquiry early evinced itself in Norwich and the 
county of Norfolk. The new service-book, or English liturgy, published 
by authority of Edward VL, was received there with great disapprobation. 
In 1562 Mr. Roberts, proctor of the Norwich clergy, voted in convoca- 
tion for a reform of the liturgy. A considerable number of the exiles who 
fled from religious persecution abroad took refuge and established them- 
selves in that city, and founded various sects of Dissenters, particularly 
about the period of the wars of the Palatinate, and of the revocation of 
the Edict of Nantes in 1685. The choir of the Friars Preachers' Church 
was assigned to the Dutch and German Protestants, and the church of St. 
Mary in Tombland to the French : these still exist under the name of the 
Dutch and French Churches, although the congregations have merged into 
the various dissenting sects with which Norwich abounds. 

Parkhurst, bishop of the diocese, was himself favourable to the sup- 
pression of episcopacy, and mitigated the persecutions against the Puritans 
which were attempted by Archbishop Parker and Queen Elizabeth about 
the year 1670;* notwithstanding, three Dutch ministers were banished 
from Norwich in 1674,** and many others suspended.*^ 

^ Neal's History of the Puritans, chap. 5. ^ Ibid. vol. i. p. 178. ^ Strype's Annals* 



PURITANICAL TENDENCY. 609 

This puritanical feeling, which prevailed to a much greater extent in 
the beginning of the 17th century, very strongly influenced some mem* 
bers of the family at West Barsham, as has already been shown in a 
former division of this Record. And I gather from the will of Henry 
Gumey, Esq. I. who died in 1623, that this tendency in his children was 
viewed by him with great jealousy, as he bequeathed the reversion of 200/. 
to his younger sons, ^' so that none hould any fantasticall or erronious 
opinions so adjudged by our Bishop or civiU lawes.'* Of these younger 
sons, however, some were inclined to favour the Nonconformists, espe- 
cially Edmund Gumey, Rector of Edgefield and Harpley, who had a 
dispute with the Bishop for preaching without a surplice ; and his printed 
works, of which several have come down to us, are full of the virulent 
invective against the Roman Catholics that marked the puritan writers of 
the period, and it appears probable that he took the Covenant in the year 
1643. The beautiful exposition of his Christian faith, contained in the 
wiD of his nephew, Edward Gumey, Esq. of West Barsham, has obviously 
the same tendency; and Anthony Gurney, his cousin, had a daughter 
married to one " Leedes, a preacher." 

The families of Blennerhassett and Lewknor, to whom the Gumeys of 
West Barsham were allied by marriage, were puritanically inclined : the 
latter was connected with the Cromwells, through the RusseUs of Chippen- 
ham, in Cambridgeshire, and Ann Lewknor (sister of Martha, who married 
Thomas Gumey, Esq. III.), was wife of Godfrey Rodes, Esq., of the family 
of that name at Barlborough, in Derbyshire, who were at a later period 
Quakers.^ 

The Bendyshs, into which family two of the sisters of Henry Gurnay I. 

* Sir John Rodes, Bart of Barlborough, became a convert to the religious opinions of the 
Society of Friends from the preaching of William Penn and Robert Barclay, the apologbt of 
the Quakers; he and Lady Rodes always attended the Quakers' meetings; she appeared on 
those occasions richly dressed in black velvet. The estates of the Rodes family devolved to 
the Heathcotes upon the death of Sir John in 1743. Martha Heathcote, of this family, 
married Benjamin Bartlett, Esq. of Bradford, whose sister was wife of Henry Gumey, of 
Norwich, and mother of the late Bartlett Gumey, Esq. of Coleshall, in Norfolk, who di^d in 
1803, s. p. 

3X 



510 PREFACE TO THB THIRD PART. 

married, were also nearly related to Oliver Cromwell, whose daughter, 
Bridget Cromwell, was wife of the Parliamentary General, Ireton, and by 
him was mother of Bridget Ireton, who married a Bendysh." 

The Gnmeys who were established at Maiden probably fell under the 
religious influence of Mr. Gibson, who lived in that place, " a very learned, 
powerful, and godly minister," ^ and they were at no great distance from 
the family of Bendysh, who were seated at Bower Hall, near Haverhill. 

Quakerism was one among the many forms that this same spirit of 
Puritanism assumed. It arose after the division began between the more 
regular Puritans and the Independents ; and the sect was self-styled " The 
Society of Friends.*' 

Some of the Branthwaites, Davys, and Longs of Dunston and Swains- 
thorpe, all connections of the West Barsham Gumeys, were among the 
early converts to the Quakers in Norfolk.*^ At Great EUingham, where the 
Gumeys resided for two or three generations, were several families of this 
persuasion."^ George Fox, the founder of the sect, states, in his journal, 
that he ^^ had a meeting at the house of Captain Lawrence, at Wrampling- 
ham, in Norfolk, where were above a thousand people ; many persons of 
note were there, and a great convincement there was."« 

The numbers of this sect were at first much greater than they are how'. 
The early Quakers underwent cruel persecutions and imprisonments, as 

* Suckling's History of Suffolk, vol. i. p. 379. Mrs. Bridget B^idyah here mentioned was a 
woman of extraordinary qualities both of mind and person, and in both greatly resembled her 
grandfather Oliyer. She was a person of great dignity, heroic courage, and indefatigable 
industry ; her religion was in the highest strain of Calvinistic enthusiasm, and Dr. Owen, in his 
writings, was her spiritual guide. She was a thorough Puritan, and favoured all Nonconformists ; 
her negligence of dress was generally great, but when in her best attire she wore silk of the 
richest sort of what is called Quakers' colour, and a black silk hood or scarf ; this was the dress 
of the Quaker ladies at that period. Mrs. Bendysh lived at South Town, near Yarmouth. This 
eccentric lady died in 1727, and was cotemporary with John Gumey of Norwich^ to whom she 
must have been well known. See Noble^s House of Cromwell, vol. ii. p. 329. 
Sir Simonds Dewes' Autobiography, vol. i. p. 114. 

^ Quakers' Registers, Norwich. 

^ Meeting Books of the Sodety of Friends in Norwich. 

e George Fox's Journal, fol. edit. p. 153. 



QUAKERISM. 511 

well during the Commonwealth as after the Restoration, and in 1683-4 there 
were no less than 1,460 confined in the different gaols throu^out the 
kingdom/ In that year John Gumey was, with others, committed to the 
city goal at Norwich, for his religious opinions. Indeed, throughout the 
reign of Charles II. the government was strongly opposed to the Quakers, 
and several Acts of Parliament were passed for the purpose of suppressing 
them altogether. Upon the accession of James II., whether through the 
influence of Penn, who was a favourite with that king, or more probably 
from a disposition to relax the restrictions upon the Roman Catholics, in 
common with other Nonconformists, a milder line of conduct was pursued 
towards the Quakers, and after the Revolution the persecution almost 
wholly ceased* 

Many persons of good family united themselves to this sect on its first 
appearance, among whom Barclay, Pennington, and Penn may be cited as 
the most conspicuous. The eccentricities which marked their rise gradually 
became moulded into a regular system of discipline, and a sort of religious 
police was established, which had the effect of assimilating the Society of 
Friends in some sort to a religious order of persons, separated from the 
rest of the world by a singular church-government and peculiar habits. 
Some, however, of their habits, both of dress and language, have arisen 
simply from their not following in the current of fashion, but retaining 
what was in vogue at the time they originated. 

The steadiness and regularity of conduct resulting from this system was 
eminently advantageous in a commercial family ; and the sons of John 
Gumey of St. Gregory's parish, especially the two elder, became gradually 
considered amongst the wealthiest and principal merchants of their native 
city of Norwich. Of these, John, the eldest, was a man of superior mental 
powers. He was a personal friend of Sir Robert Walpole, and from his 
high character contributed largely to the standing and influence of his 
£amily. He possessed landed property at Little Bamingham, and else- 
where.** Other members of the family, as they acquired wealth, purchased 
estates. The original property at Keswick was bought by Joseph Gumey, 

• Sewell's History of the Quakers, vol. ii. p. 415. 
^ Blomefield, in Little BarDingham. 



512 PREFACE TO THE THIRD PART. 

second son of John Gumey^ senior, about the year 1747> ahcL has smce 
remamed m the possession of his descendants. These descendants are 
now the elder branch of the present family of the Gurneys. I have 
therefore designated the third division of this Record the account of " the 
Gurneys of Keswick.'* Hence it will appear that the present family of the 
Gurneys are not in possession of any of the ancient landed property of 
their ancestors at West Barsham and elsewhere ; all these estates having 
devolved to coheiresses on the death of Henry Gumey, Esq., II. of West 
Barsham, without children, in 1660. The present family coming off from 
the parent stem at an earlier period, and descending from a yoimger son, 
who was a merchant, their wealth has originated from commerce, and 
their landed estates for the most part have been purchased or acquired by 
marriage within the last hundred and fifty years. 

like many of the families of Norfolk, the Gurneys were more or less 
connected with what is called the Norwich trade. 

The woollen manufacture existed at Norwich as early as the reign of 
Henry II. as appears by the fines paid to King John by that and other 
towns, " that they might buy and sell dyed cloth as they were accustomed 
to do in the time of King Henry II.*' In consequence of the civil wars of 
King John and Henry III. and the disturbed period of the reigns of 
Edward I. and Edward II. this manufacture was wholly lost.* 

The making of worsted stuffs, so long the staple trade of that city, arose 
at the beginning of the 14th century ; and may be attributed to the supe- 
rior quality of the English wool, offering an inducement to the Flemish 
manufacturers to establish themselves in this country; a considerable 
body of whom came and settled there at the period of the friendly inter- 
course between England and the Netherlands that followed the marriage 
of Edward III. with Philippa of Hainault.** 

That Queen interested herself greatly in this matter, and may be said 
to have established the Norwich woollen manufacture,^ or at all events to 

* Lord Lyttelton's Life of Henry II. vol. ii. p. 174. Madox*8 History of the Exchequer^ 
ch. Id, p. 354. 

^ Blomefield, vol. iii. pp. 83 and 84. 

^ Miss Strickland's Qaeeus of England, art Philippa of Hainault, 



THE MANUFACTURES OF NORWICH. 513 

have materially improved it. She paid frequent visits to Norwich, for the 
purpose of encouraging^ it, and induced one John Kempe, a native of 
Flanders, and an eminent manufacturer, to settle there ; and he brought 
with him the industry and skill for which the inhabitants of the Low 
Countries were then so celebrated. The soil of Norfolk being light, and 
the country for the most part consisting of sheep-walk, afforded, as it 
would seem, the best wool to be obtained at that period ; and it was on 
that account that Philippa selected this part of England to which her 
countr3rmen might transport their native manufacture. 

They were principally seated at Worsted, Lavenham, Sudbury, and 
Norwich ; and the first of these places gave its name to the manufacture 
itself. In 1327, Edward III. granted a patent for these Norfolk stuffs,^ 
firom which time Norwich became a city of great wealth and consequence. 
In the reign of Richard II. permission was obtained to export the worsted 
made there.^ And in that of Henry VI. the various produce of the Nor- 
wich loom was in great request. Under Elizabeth the excellence of its 
manufacture was much more fully established by the refugee Flemings 
and Walloons, who fled their own country to escape the persecutions 
inflicted by the Duke of Alva on the Protestants in the Low Countries. 
This importation of talent and industry revived the trade of Norwich,^ 
which had previously shewn symptoms of decay ; and which was still 
further strengthened by the accession of German settlers during the 



* St Blase, the Bishop of Sebaste in Armenia, was the patron saint of the Norwich wool- 
combers, either from these manufactures having originated in the East or from the combs with 
which he was tormented in martyrdom : his festival was kept by them, and his figure with a 
weaver'f shuttle carried in procession ; this continued until within a few years. Butler's Lives 
of the Saints, vol. i. p. 190. 

^ Macpherson's Annals of Commerce, vol. i. p. 500. 

® Magxia Britannia, vol. iii. p. 320. The trade in wool began to be very important at this 
period, and was undertaken occasionally by men of high station. See the curious deed of John 
Lord Beauchamp of Hache, in the Fourth Part of this Record, in which he styles himself 
«< mercator de comitatu Somerset," and by which he purchases for two thousand pounds sterling 
Sir Matthew de Goumay*s wool. 

^ Mtcpher8on*s Annab of Commerce^ vol. ii. p. 145. 



514 PREFACE TO THE THIRD PART. 

Palatinate wars, and by the Prencli who took refuge there on the revoca- 
tion of the edict of Nantes, in 1685. Latterly the manufacturers in this 
city imported their worsted yam from Ireland, which was spun from the 
wool previously sent ; this, however, gradually ceased on the discovery of 
spinning by machinery, when yam mills were erected in Yorkshire. 
Another branch of manufacture carried on at Norwich was silk and worsted 
damask, and silks with large flowered ornaments, probably introduced by 
the French settlers; they were chiefly exported to Holland; between 
which country and Norwich a con^derable trade was carried on, so much 
so that all the principal merchants and manufacturers received their com- 
mercial education at Amsterdam or Rotterdam ; this was till within the last 
half century the case with most of the Gumeys of Norwich. The Dutch 
trade as it was called then began to flag, in consequence of the continental 
system that followed the French Revolution. Similar manufactures being 
established in Holland, this trade has now wholly ceased. 

John Gumey, who settled in Norwich about the year 1670, was 
eventually an eminent silk merchant. He purchased a property in St. 
Augustine's parish, in Norwich, of Sir Thomas Loombe, whose brother, 
disguised as a workman, had at the peril of his life entered the silk nulls 
in Piedmont, and obtained a perfect knowledge of the machinery for 
making thrown or Qrganzine silks.*^ According to the model made from 
this discovery, Sir Thomas erected his silk mills near Derby, which pro* 
duced him a great fortune. 

Henry Loombe, the younger son of a gentleman's family in Norfolk, was 
father of Sir Thomas Loombe, and cotemporary with John Gumey, and, 
like him, a member of the Society of Friends. 

Elizabeth Swanton, wife of John Gumey, from her singular talent for 
commerce, was the principal conductor of his affairs, which chiefly con- 
sisted in transactions with the Palatines and French; refugees in Norwich. 
The Gumeys had long an intimate connection with Holland, the principal 
mart for Norwich goods. The Hopes of Amsterdam, ancestors of the 



* Gentleman's Magazine, anno 1739. 



ORIGIN OF BANKING. 515 

well known family of that name, were Quakers, and amongst others much 
connected with them, both by marriage and in commerce. 

After the comparative decline of the Norwich trade, the Gumeys 
directed their attention to banking in a greater degree than before. 

It is difficult to trace the origin of what we now denominate banking 
or money agency ; and yet it is impossible to suppose any country of com- 
mercial eminence existing without the medium of bankers, for the pay- 
ment of moneys and the transfer of credit. 

The parable of the Talents proves the fact of money-dealers in Judea 
taking money on interest or deposit at the time of our Saviour .'^ 

The Carthaginians, who were the most enterprising and scientific people 
in commercial matters before that period, had a circulation of leather 
money, which was of coiu'se upon the credit of the state.** At a much 
later period Marco Polo states that in his time (about 1294) the Chinese 
money was not of metal but made of the bark of the mulberry tree, cut in 
round pieces, and stamped with the Khan*s mark : and the cowries of 
India are in some sort a similar kind of circulating medium. 

Among the Greeks the system of banking pursued by them does not 
much transpire ; it was one of the laws of Athens that a " banker should 
demand no more interest than he agreed to at first."^ This law proves the 
e;d$tence of bankers, who received and lent money, which probably would 
lead to the idea of their being the medium of commercial transactions ; but 
this was limited by an unwise policy, as another law of Athens prohibited 
any Athenian or sojourner to lend money to be exported, unless for com 
or some such commodity allowable by law.** One Pasion, an eminent 
banker at Athens, is mentioned by Demosthenes as lending money without 
bond or security.* 

Among the Romans there were two kinds of bankers, the mensarii and 
the argentarii. The mensarii were magistrates appointed by the state, being 



* Gospel of St. Matihew, chap. 25. 

^ Macpherson's Axmals of Commerce. 

^ Lytiasy Orat. L in Theomnestum. Potter's Grecian Antiquities, vol. i. p. 188. 

^ Ibid. p. 184. e Demosth. c. Timoth. 14. 



516 PREFACE TO THE THIRD PART. 

a kind of public bankers ; they were generally quinqueviri or triumviri ; 
they in common with the private bankers had their banks (mensae) in the 
forum, and in the name of the aerarium offered ready money to debtors 
who could give security. Such an expediency was devised by the state 
only in periods of great distress. (Propter penuriam argenti triumviri 
mensarii facti. liv. xxiii. 21.) The mensarii were first appointed in the 
year 362 B. c, when the plebeians were so involved in debt that they were 
obliged to borrow money to pay their creditors. Such bankers were 
appointed at Rome at various times, and whenever the necessities of the 
state required ; they may be considered, however, more in the nature of 
loan commissioners than regular bankers ; neither do they appear to have 
borne any resemblance to a state bank. They were established occasionally 
not only in Rome itself, but in the tovnas of the different provinces. 

The mensularii, however, or nummularii, were permanently employed by 
the state for the purpose of receiving deposits of money, and for exchange 
of foreign coin. 

The argentarii differed wholly from the mensarii; they were private 
bankers, who did all sorts of broking, commission, and agency business for 
their customers. They are called argentarii, argenteae mensae exercitores, 
argenti distractores, negociatores stipis argentareae. Their private cha- 
racter is clear from what Ulpian says, (Dig. 18. lib. 1. s.32.) ^^Tabemae 
(argentariae) publicae sunt, quorum usus ad privates pertinet.** Almost 
all money, transactions were carried on through their intervention, and 
they kept the account books of their customers. Hence all terms of the 
relation between debtor and creditor were borrowed from banking busi- 
ness ; thus, rationem accepti scribere^ " to put down on the debtor's side 
in the banker's book," means ^' to borrow money ;" rescribere, ** to pay it 
back again ;" nomen, ^^an item in the account," is a " debt," or even a 
^^ debtor ;" as when Cicero says, (ad Fam. v. 6.) Ego meis rebus gestis hoe 
sum assecutus ut bonum nomen existimer. These books of account have 
given rise to the Italian book-keeping by double entry. 

The functions of the argentarii, besides their original occupation of 
money-changing, were — 1st. Attending public sales as agents or pur- 
chasers. 2. Assaying or proving money. 3. Receiving deposits, or keep- 



ROMAN AND ITALIAN BANKERS. 517 

ing a bank in the modem sense of the word. If the deposit was not 
to bear interest, it was called depositum or vacua pecunia, (Plautus, 
CSurcul. ii. 3, 66^ if it was to bear interest, it was called creditum (Suet. 
Octav. 39). 

The shops of the bankers were in the cloisters round the forum ; hence 
money borrowed of a banker was called aes circumforaneum, and the 
phrases, foro cedere and foro abire or mergi, mean to become bankrupt. 

The argentarii at Rome were divided into partnerships or corporations, 
(sodetates,) and formed a collegium or company. The argentarius was 
necessarily a freeman. (See Dr. Smith's Greek and Roman Antiquities, 
articles Mensarius, Argentarius, Interest of Money, &c.) 

In modem Europe, the Italians, leading the way in the career of 
civilization, were the first to commence a system of banking. 

The Jews of Lombardy kept benches in the market places, for the 
exchange of money and commercial bills ; " banco " being the Italian for 
bench, the word originated from that circumstance. The bank of Venice 
is imquestionably the most ancient institution of that sort in the world ; 
it was established in the year 1171> upon the occasion of a forced loan, 
arising from the necessities of the repubUc, in consequence of its wars 
with the Greek Emperor Manuel. The creditors in this case were made 
proprietors of what we should call Bank Stock. The example of Venice 
was soon followed by other Mediterranean ports, as Barcelona, Genoa, &c. 

The Jews were engaged in lending money at interest, and had licences 
for what was considered usury, which were refused to the Christian 
merchants as heretical ; nevertheless, the diflferent states partook of the 
profits of these licences. 

The Italian bankers were agents for the collection of the papal dues all 
over Europe ; they had, in consequence, great influence, and were the 
agents for the loans to sovereign princes. The Frescobaldi, the Bardi, 
and the Pemzzi of Florence were the great bankers in the reigns of our 
first three Edwards. The two latter became bankmpt, from the non- 
payment of his loans by Edward III., previous to his victories in France. 
The Frescobaldi obtahied great wealth, originally, it appears, in partner- 
ship with the Bardi. They were called, " La Compagnie de Sire Barde 

3 Y 



518 PREFACE TO THE THIRD PART. 

Prescobald de Florenze, Neire.** '^ La Compagnie de Sire Jon de Fresco- 
bald de Florence, Blaunk/* — ^black and white, from the political parties 
so called.* The Frescobaldi, however, were far outstripped by another 
Florentine family at a later period. 

The Medici at Florence owed a large portion of their riches to the 
banks they established in all the trading cities of Europe.^ At a time 
when the rate of interest depended on the necessities of the borrower, a 
great profit must have accrued from these estabUshments, to which the 
most powerful monarchs frequently resorted for pecuniary assistance. 
The rise of the munificent and talented family of the Medici to the rank of 
sovereign princes, from that of Florentine bankers, is a remarkable and 
interesting circumstance in the history of commerce. Another instance 
of the extraordinary rise of a commercial family is that of the Fu^ers of 
Augsburgh and Antwerp. The emperor Charles V. had on various 
occasions borrowed largely of one of this family, who, it is recorded, gave 
an entertainment to his Imperial Majesty, and, in order to do honour to 
his guest, made a fire of cinnamon in his hall, and lighted it with the 
bonds given by Charles in security of the debt.*^ This family are now 
princes of the empire. 

The united provinces of Holland, having emancipated themselves fit)m 
Spain, resumed the mercantile pursuits for which their ancestors had 
been distinguished. As a consequence, the bank of Amsterdam was set 
on foot in 1609, which was for upwards of a century considered the best 
institution of its kind in existence. Those of Hamburg and Nuremburg 
soon followed, upon much the same system, which was that of a transfer 
of credits, by circulating notes or checks. 

In England the aurifabri or goldsmiths, mentioned in Domesday Book, 
may be considered the first bankers on record. Of these there are 
several ; one of them, Rainbaldus Aurifaber, held the manor of Heringby, 



* Archaeologia, vol. xxviii. p. 207. Extracts from the liberate rolls as to loans to Kbigs of 
England by Italian merchants. 

*> Ro8Coe*s Life of Lorenzo de* Medici, vol. i. p. 184. 
c Edinburgh Review, July 1830, p. 423. 



LOMBARDS IN LONDON. 519 

in Norfolk. Another, Otho Aurifaber, was a large owner of manors. 
M. Thierry, in his history,* thinks he was the banker of the Conquest, and 
had advanced money to William the Conqueror, and others of his fol- 
lowers in the expedition, and was rewarded with these manors in return. 
Afiterwards, the Goldsmiths* Company in London existed as early as the 
reign of Henry II. under the name of the " Gilda Aurifabrorum ;'* it was 
by that king heavily amerced, — a proof, at once, of its opulence and 
antiquity. 

The Italian merchants, settled in London and elsewhere, were amongst 
the earliest bankers; their business chiefly consisted in receiving and 
transmitting the enormous revenues which the Pope derived from this 
country. Bills of exchange for this purpose are mentioned in the reign of 
King John, 1202.^ These Italian merchants were called by the English 
Lombards and Tuscans, — ^names which became common to money dealers 
of all countries. Lombard Street was so called as early as 1318, and was 
then, as it is now, the street where the principal bankers carried on their 
traffic. Many of our sovereigns were frequent borrowers of these Lom- 
bards, to whom, in re-payment, they leased portions of the revenue. 
Every advance in science and civilization led to an extension of commerce, 
and a greater frequency of intercourse throughout Europe. The dis- 
covery of the American continent, and of the passage to India by the 
Cape of Good Hope, amplified the field of commercial enterprise to a 
prodigious degree ; and, from the maritime position of Great Britain, and a 
singular combination of causes, these two circumstances have prepared 
the way for the high commercial superiority enjoyed by this country. 

In a state of society where so much traffic was carried on as arose in 
England on opening these new channels for enterprise, it was not possible 
to dispense with money agents, acting between the capitalist and the 
borrower ; accordingly, we find the goldsmiths of London, in the reign of 
Henry VIII., dealing in money, and soon afterwards discounting com- 
mercial drafts for merchants. 



* Histoire de la Conqa^ d'Angleterre par les Normands, toI. ii. p. 820. 
^ Maq>her8on*8 Annals of Commerce^ toL L p. 967. 



520 PRBFACB TO THB THIRD PART. 

I must not omit to mention here that prince of English merchants^ Sir 
Thomas Gresham, himself a native of Norfolk^ and the principal money 
agent to the government -of the great Elizabeth. 

The well-known George Heriot, in the reign of James L, goldsmith and 
banker to that monarch, has been immortalised by Sir Walter Scott in the 
Fortunes of Nigel, and will be remembered as the generous and benevolent 
founder of Heriot*s Hospital at Edinburgh. 

In the year 1645 Charles I., having seized the sums deposited at the 
Mint, which had become a sort of public bank, the goldsmiths were for a 
time the only* deposit bankers ; and upon the Restoration lent large sums 
to Charles II. on the security of the revenue, at an exorbitant interest, 
the repayment of which was cancelled by the fraudulent measure of 
shutting up the Exchequer in 1672. This caused the failure of many of 
the goldsmiths, and through them, it is said, injured or ruined 1 0,000 
families. The amount of money of which the bankers were on this occa- 
sion defrauded was £1,328,526, an enormous sum at that period. 

The expenses of the wars which followed the Revolution in 1688 led to 
the regular introduction of the funding system ; and, as a consequence, 
the Bank of England was established in 1694, chiefly under the advice of 
Sir William Patterson, an eminent merchant. The Royal Bank of Scotland 
followed the next year ; and in process of time, from the increase of the 
national debt, of the revenue, and of the commercial wealth of the country, 
banking acquired great importance, and moulded itself into a sjrstem which 
had become essential to the community. 

Scotland led the way in country banking. Many joint-stock companies 
were set on foot there, which could not be done in England, owing to the 
act which prohibited banking partnerships of more than six persons. 

In England, banking in the country was carried on by the principal 
merchants in the towns. 

Abel Smith, of Nottingham, father of the late Lord Carrington, was the 
first regular country banker in England. 

At Norwich the Gumeys had long before this time been essentially 
bankers there, lending, receiving, drawing drafts on London, and as mer- 
chants carrying on all banking transactions. 



THB OURNBTS BANKERS. 521 

It is a singular fact that I find Francis Gumey, the patriarch of the 
present family of the Gumeys, and the cadet of the West Barsham race, 
from whom they descend, acting as hanker to the Lestranges of Norfolk 
in the reign of James I., as appears by the accounts of Sir Hamon 
Lestrange, now existing at Hunstanton Hall ; and I cannot doubt that he 
stood in the same relation to yarious other families and individuals. Wil 
liam Browning, his father-in-law, originally a merchant at Norwich, 
though apparently afterwards of Maiden, in Essex, was his agent in the 
country, he himself residing in London as a merchant and banker. His 
grandson, John Goumey, or Gurney, of Norwich, continued this same kind 
of money agency or banking. 

In 171c, Elizabeth Gumey (Swanton), his wife, in a letter to her hus- 
band in London, states her having drawn a bill on John Eccleston, for 
John Pa3mter. 

Mr. Arderon, a celebrated natural philosopher, living at Norwich, in his 
MSS.* mentions the same sort of banking transaction at a later period. 
Thus, ^^ 1744, April 20, sent a bill to Mr. Mann for 12/. 5*., to be paid in 
3 days, drawn by Mr. Gumey.'* Again, " 7^^ 27, sent a letter to Mr. 
John Cuff, of Fleet Street, London, in which was inclosed a bill payable to 
him at sight, drawn upon Mr. Haywood by Mr. Gumey of Norwich for 
5/. 13^." 

John and Henry Gumey, sons of John Gmney junior, and grandsons of 
the John Gumey who first settled in Norwich, opened a regular bank at 
their house in St. Augustine's parish in 1770. 

This was afterwards removed to its present site, and was eventually 
carried on by the descendants of Joseph Gumey of Keswick, second son 
of the first John Gumey of Norwich, who continued the business thus 
established by their family, and which has spread throughout a large 
district of the eastern side of England. 

I have entered thus fully into these subjects, conceiving them to be so 
intimately connected with the commercial history of the family of Gumey 
as to be almost inseparable from it- The authorities from which I have 
taken the accounts of the Gumeys of Keswick are parish registers, the 

* Penes the late Mr. Woodward of Norwich. 



622 



PREFACE TO THE THIRD PART. 



books belonging to the Society of Friends at Norwich, family papers of 
yarious kinds, and lastly memoranda taken from the recollections of 
elderly members of the family still living. 

The arms borne by the present family of the Gur- 
neys are precisely those of the Gumeys of West 
Barsham ; the cinquefoil azure which Francis Gumey 
of London bore in his shield was continued until 
within the last fifty years, but is now no longer used. 





523 










-'as. 



524 



FRANCIS GURNAY OF LONDON. 



Sixth son of Henry Gurney, Esquire, of Great EUingham and West 
Barsham, by Ellen Blennerhasset, his wife, is the ancestor of the present 
family of the Gumeys. He is mentioned in his father's will, in common 
with his other children, and is there stated to have received his portion 
previous to his father's death in 1623.* See page 467. 

Francis Gurney was a merchant in London, and was a member of the 
Merchant Taylors' Company (App. C), and resided in the parish of St. 
Benet Finck, in Broad Street Ward,^ but, I believe, his commercial life 
began at Norwich. 

From an ancient account-book at Hunstanton Hall, it appears that 
Francis Gurney was a sort of agent, or banker, for the Lestranges of that 
place ; and that Mr. Browning, of Norwich, was connected with him in 
this, — whom I believe to have been his father-in-law. 

We have here, therefore, undoubted proof of one of the family of Gur- 
ney acting as a banker as early as the reign of James L (App. LXXXV.) 

In the Heralds' Visitation of the city of London for 1633^ is an 
account of him and his children, attested by himself, as follows : — 

** Arms : Argent, a croes engrailed gules, in the first quarter a cinquefoil azure. 

Akthont Gurnat, of Great Hellingham, in com. Norff.np* • • • 

Francis Gurnat, in com. Norff.7. . . . 
. 1 




Henrt Gurnat.=^Ellin, dau. of - 



Blennerhasset 



Thomas Gurnat, 
eldest Sonne and 
heire, s. p. 



Edmund. 
Anthony. 



Francis Gurnat, of Lon-^AmiE, dau. of Wil 



don, merchant, living a*o 
1634. 



Roger Gurnat, eldest sonne 
and beire, living a*o 1633. 



Francis 
Gurnat. 



— r—i 

Dorothy. 
Anne. 



liam Browning, in 
com. Essex. 



LUCRETIA. 



FfRA : G URN AY." 

" The above is a true copy of the entry in the Visitation of London made 
in the year 1633, and now remaining in the College of Arms, London. 

" Chas. Geo. Young, 
" College of Arms, 4th May, 1831." York Herald and Register." 



* Reg. Lawson, fol. 151a, Bishop's oflSce, Norwich. 

»» Parish Reg. St Benet Finck. <= Heralds' Visit. 1683. London, Broad Street Ward. 



A.D. 1619.] HIS CHILDREN. 525 

He married Anne, daughter of William Browning, of Norwich, mer- 
chant, ( App. LXXXVI.) afterwards of M aldon, in Essex, and had issue, by 
the Register of St Benet FincV— 

''Anno Domini 1619 
"The 2d of March was bap. the daughter of Francis Gumey, and Ann 
his wife, named Dorothy. 

"1621. 
" The 27th Decem. was bap. the sone of Francis Gumey, and Ann his 
wife, named Roger. 

"Anno Dom. 1626. 
"The 18th of January was baptysed the dauter of Francis Gumey, and 
Ane his wyfe, named Frances. 

"A°. Dm 1628. 
"Novr. 13. Francis, the sonne of Francis and Anne Gumey. 

"A°. Dni 1630. 
" Octr. 28. Lucretia, the daughter of Francis and Anne Gumey. 

" A^ Dni 1636. Christenings. 
" Aprill 19. Thomas, the sonne of Francis and Anne Gumay. 

"A°. Dni 1637. 
"July 28th. Margaret, the daughter of Francis and Anne Gurnay." 

Of the daughters, Frances died an infant, and was buried 30th Sep- 
tember of the year 1626. 

It seems, also, that Francis Gumay had a son, John, who was of Maldon, 
and died a bachelor in 1681, when his brother Thomas administered to 
his effects. George Gurney, of Maldon, who married there in 1660, was 
probably another son. 

This Francis Gumay, of St. Benet Finck, was probably the person who 
gave the pedigree of his family to Sir Henry Spelman. (Page 317.) 



Reg. of the parish of St Benet Finck, in the city of London. 
3 z 



526 FRANCIS GURNAY OF LONDON. [PART III. 

About the year 1625, he appears to have been m difficulties, as we find 
by the accounts of the Lestranges of Hunstanton, that Sir Hamon 
Lestrange paid 100/. to the town of Lynn, for which he had been bound 
for Mr. Francis Gumey. (App. LXXXV.) 

This arose from an undertaking in which Francis Gumey embarked, to 
establish a manufacture at Ljmn, in the desecrated building of St. James's 
Church there. It appears by the documents of the Lynn corporation, 
that Ambrose Tompson and Martyn Hill were his partners in this enter- 
prise, together with Sir William Yelverton, of Rougham, and Sir Hamon 
Lestrange, who had both married near relations of the Gumeys. The 
Ljmn corporation advanced 200/. on the bond of all these parties, which 
Yelverton and Lestrange were obliged to pay eventually, as the scheme 
ended in a failure. Sir Henry Spelman gives an account of this affiedr in 
his History of Sacrilege (page 184). He says, John Eyre, Esquire, in the 
reign of Henry VIII. ^^a great receiver of monasteries, purchased the 
sites of four of those at Lynn. He married Margaret, daughter of Sir 
Thomas Blennerhasset, and widow of Sir John Spelman. Amongst other 
things he defaced the church of St. James's, and perverted it to be a 
town-house for the manufacture of stuflfe, laces, and tradesmen's com- 
modities. Great projects and good stocks, with a contribution from some 
coimtry gentlemen, were raised for this purpose two several times, to my 
knowledge ; but the success was that it came to naught, and all the money 
employed about new building and transforming the church hath only 
increased desolation, for so it hath stood during the whole time almost of 
my memory, till they lately attempted, by the undertaking of Mr. F. 
Gumey and some artisans from London, to revive the enterprise of their 
predecessors, but, speeding no better than they did, have now again with 
loss of their money and expectation, left it to future ruin.** 

I give the extracts from the court books of the Lynn corporation, 
which refer to this, in Appendix LXXXVII. 

The oldest vestry book now existing in the parish of St. Benet Finck is 
commenced in 1670, by a meeting of all the parishioners to fix a rate, and 
make voluntary subscriptions for the repair of the church, after the great 
fire of London. To this every one signed his name, and in these names 



A.D. 1637.] 



CHURCH OP ST. BKNET FINCK. 



527 




that of Francis Gumay does not appear. Neither in the list of the 
houses and their inhabitants, and the rate charged on each, does his name 
occur ; he, therefore, was not living, or he and his family had all left the 
parish at this time. 

Of the children of Francis Gumay and Anne Browning, Francis, the 
second son, was of Maldon, in Essex, of whom we shall give an account 
hereafter. Of Roger, the eldest, we know nothing ; but by the register of 
St. Peter Le Poor, a neighbouring parish to St. Benet Finck, we find a 
John Gumey living in 1G96, and a Thomas Gumey in 1729, who may 
possibly have been his descendants. 

Of Thomas, the third son of Francis Gumay, nothing is certainly 
known ; but we think it probable he may have been the ancestor of the 



528 



FRANCIS GURNAY OF LONDON. 



[part tit. 



late learned Sir John Gumey, one of the Barons of the Exchequer. 
(App. LXXXVIII.) 

Of the daughters of Francis Gumay we are also ignorant, except of their 
names, as given above. 

CJotemporary with Francis Gumay was Sir Richard Gumey, Baronet, 
Lord Mayor of London, celebrated for his loyalty ; but I do not find that 
he was of the family of the Gumeys of Norfolk. (App. LXXXIX.) 




App* lxxxv.] lbstrangb accounts. 529 



9 


5 


6 


3 








8 








50 









APPENDIX LXXXV. 

Extracts from a MS. Book of AccountSy at Hunstanton in possession of H. L. Sttfleman 
LsstrangSy Esquire^ and apparently written by AUce (Stubbs) wife of Sir Hamon 
Lestrange. 
Anno 
1614. £. s. d. 

May 4. Paid to Mr. Frands Gurney . . . , 80 

Deep. 7. Pdd to Lock by Mr. Gurney . . . . . 20 

This 20L paid to Lock was borrowed of my father, which I payd him, 
and 10/. more in part of 80/. borrowed of him by Mr. Strange. 
1615. 
Jan. 12. Paid to Mr. I^k by Francis Gurney . . . . 20 

Paid to Blankes, as apeareth by a London bill, which was satisfied 

Hogan, which Hogan never paid, therefore paid by Mr. Gumay 
To Frank Gurney upon a bill for Mr. Strange 
Paid by Frank Gumay to Rust, the hatter .... 

June 27. Paid to Cock by Mr. Francis Gurney .... 

Novr. 22. Paid to Mr. Browning, of Norwich, which Mr. Gurney shall pay to 

Lock . . . . . . . . 30 

1616. 

Ap. 20. Paid to Mr. Gurney, which he paid to Lock, the taylor . . 30 

20. Payd for bookes at Norwich . . . . . .300 

Deer. 28. Payd to Lock by Mr. Francis Gurney . . . . 50 

1618. 

May. For a dozen of oyster barrells, and for carrying them to Mr. Gumey's . 6 6 

For a case for the Lady <.Hobert*s picture, and for carrying it to Mr. 

Gumey's . . . . . . . .022 

Sept. dO. Payd to Mr. Francis Gurney, which he is to pay unto Lawrence Michaell 

in part of 34/. lU. due unto him for liveryes and clothes . . 30 

Octr. Paid to Mr. Francis Gurney to pay to Hause, the Duchman, in full 

payment for 2 piramedis, besid 5#. which I paid to him myself . 15 

1619. Payd to Frank Gurney, which payd to Lawrence Michaell, wherof he 
payd 37/. \0s. into the East India Treasury, the 11th and 12th pay- 
ment due at Christmas next, and the second double payment the third 
year, and 50#. remaineth in Lawrence his hands, as also \2s. payd 
him when he had 30/., his bill not coming to so much . . 40 



680 FBANCIS OURNAY OF LONDON. [PABT III. 



More payd to Frank Giimey, to pay to Lawrence Michaell, which with 
the SL 2s. above-named doth justly discharge all bills for apparrell ; 
a payre of silk stockins of 32^. being added to this last bill so now 
payd him . . • . • . . . 89 17 4 

1620. 

Septr. F^yd by Mr. Gumey, which he payd to Lawrence Michael, for the 18 

single payment due at Midsomer last, to East Indya Company • 18 15 

1621. 

July 6. Payd to Mr. Gumey, which he payd unto the East Indya Company, for 

a single payment due at Midsomer . • . • . 18 15 

1622. Payd by Mr. Gumey to Lawrence Michaell, to pay unto the East India 

Company, for our Lady . • • • • . 18 15 

Payd to Lawrence Michaell by Mr. Gumey, for the East India Com- 
pany, at Midsomer . . . . • . 18 15 

1625. 

Octr. Payd to the towne of Linne, in part of 100/. due to them, 50/. ; and for 
the use of the sayd 100/. from the 13 June to the 17 of November, 

37. lU.Sd. 53 11 8 

To be payd to the towne of Linne for the use of 100/. which Mr. 
Strange standeth bownd to them for Mr. Gumey,* from St. Michaell 
last unto the 8 of Aprill, and for the use of the 50/., the remaynder 
of 100/. 4 12 8 

1626. Payd to the towne of Lynne for Francis Gumey, beside 103/. that Sir 
Owen Smith payd ; and Mr. Drury was bound for to have payd it at 
St Michaell last, the use commg to 32/. d«. • . . 51 12 8 

From an Account Book of Sir Hamon Lestrangey at Hunstanton. 





OWING TO HIM. 


£. s. d. 


1618. 


Fr. Gumay— 11 p. of powder att 13c/. • 


. 11 11 




4 stone of shott att 2d. the pound 


.054 




Baggs 


.003 




Barrell 6d^ portage 2d. 


.008 




Semes . . . , 


.010 




GaUo-belgicus 


.010 



* See App. LXXXYII. for the entry of these payments in the Lynn Corporation Books. 



AM. LXXXVI.] 



BROWNING OF MALDON. 



631 



APPENDIX LXXXVI. 



ON THB VAMILY OF BROWNIK6. 



To which fSunOy of Brownings the branch 
living 9X Maldon belonged, we are unable to 
trace. 

There were Brown- 
ings at Trunch, in Nor- 
folk, considerable land- 
owners in 1534 ; also 
a family of that name 
in Cambridgeshire, 
who bore for arms. 
Azure, a lion rampant 
or, billetj gules. 
That they were long established at Maldon, 
is evident from the following entry in the re- 
gister of All Samts* church there : — 

** William Browning married to Dorothy 
Vernon, 1588.- 

There was a family of Brownings in Suf- 




folk, who were Quakers. There exists a deed 
of release from tithe, executed by Esther 
Browning of MUdenhall, in Suffolk. She was 
lay impropriator ; but, being a member of the 
Society of Friends, had a religious scruple 
against receiving tithe, and therefore released 
the parties owing it. It seems likely these 
Suffolk Brownings were the same family as that 
connected with the Gumeys, and in such case 
John Giumey may have partly imbibed his re- 
ligious faith from his mother's connections. 

The Brownings were merchants at Maldon, 
as appears from the following entry of the cor- 
poration accounts there : — 

« From the customs and dues of the water 
bailiff, 1636, 18 Octr. 

** Item. Re. of Mr. Browning for the 
meatage of 120 chalder of coles." 



APPENDIX LXXXVII. 

Extracts Jirom the Hall Books of the Corporation of LynUy relative to Francis Gumay of 



London. 



ham R^gis, 
Guihald. 



Congregacio ib'm tent, die Ve- 
neris 11 die Octobr. A® D'ni 
1622. 



Thomas Snelling, Maior Richard Goodwm 
(et aliis). or Goodinge.* 

Whereas att a hall holden 
the I7f daye of June last, itt 
was agreed that Francis Gur- 
ney, Ambrose Tompson, and 
Martyn Hill should have two 



Ghiniej, Tomp- 
toD, and ^SMxtju 
HUl, oei< lent for 
letting pore to 
work. 



*T1iii Richard Goodinge or Goodwin may be the 
nme person whoee daughter Anne married Richard 
Stabba, Esq., and was mother of Lady Yelverton and 
Lady Lestrange. See p. 450. 

t Tliere is no entry in the hall books of this date. 



hundred pounds lent unto them for setting 
poore to work w^in this town, and that cove- 
nants should be drawne concemynge the same ; 
Att this day Mr. Maior brought into the hall 
an obligacon made to the maior and burgesses 
from the said Francis Gumey, Ambrose Thomp- 
son, and Martyn Hill, WUl'm Yelverton, Ba- 
ronett, and & Hamon Lestrange, Knight, in 
cccc". for the repayment of the said cc^. upon 
the last daye of September, 1625. And an 
Indenture made between the said Francis Am- 
brose and Martyn, on the one part, and the 
maior and burgesses, on the other part, was 
interchangeably sealed; and thereupon the said 
cc^ was paid out of the hall to the said Francis, 
Ambrose, and Martyn. 



532 



FRANCIS GURNAY OF LONDON. 



[part III. 



Congregatio ib'm tent, die Lune tertio die 
Octobris, Ao D'ni 1625, A^ regrni Regis 
Caroli primo. 

William Dooghtie, Maior 
(et aliis). 

At this day itt was ordered that yf S' Will'm 
Yelverton, knight, baronett, should lay in 
secnritie by obligac'on to the maior and bur- 
gesses for paym^ of c", viz. R at the feast of 
the Birth of our Lord God next, and at 1". the 
feast of the Na^ of S^ John Baptist foUowinge ; 
that then there shall be no use taken for the 
first 1^. due at the said feast ; or otherwise, with 
like securitie to pay the said c^. with use at the 
said feast of S^ John the Baptist ; and yf he 
shall refuse this order, that itt is agreed that 
this obligac'on shall be put in suit this tearme. 

Congregatio ib'm tent die Lune vicesimo 
octavo die Novembris, A® D'ni 1625, A. r^ni 
Reg^s Caroli primo. 

William Doughtie, Maior 
(et aliis). 

Whereas at the last haU two obligac'ons, the 
one oblige of the foresaid S' Hammond 
Lestrange and Sir Wili'm Yelverton, for the 
paym^ of cc", and one other oblig° of Sir 
Hammond Le Strange and Francj Guybon,* 
for payment of c". w^ interest was delivered to 
Mr. Maior, to take new securitie for the same ; 



* Thill 



\ wrongly written for Frands Chirnay. 



This day is brought unto the hall by Mr. Maior» 
F. rec^ of S' Hammond Lestrange, and P. rec' 
of S" WiU'm Yelverton, pared of the said ob- 
lig. of cc^. and one new oblig. from & ¥^*m 
Yelverton and Mr. Barnes, for paym^ of R at 
Midsomer next, and one oblig' from Sir Ham- 
mond Lestrange and his sonne M^ Nich'as Le 
Strange, for paym^ of liiij" xij* u}^ the 8^ of 
April next ; which monyes and new oblig* are 
this day accepted in dischardge of the two 
former oblig* to him del. 

Also iij" xj» viijd received from Sir Hammond 
for interest 

Congregac' ib'm tent die Lune 10 die 
Aprilis, Ao D'ni 1626. 
W™ Doughtie, Maior 
(et aliis). 
Att this daye Mr. Maior brought into the hall 
154/. 12#. 4d^ w^ was due to the Maior and 
Burgesses from S' Hamon Le Strange, Knyght, 
by his obligac'on ; and the said obligac'on was 
delyvered to Mr. Maior for the said S' Hamon. 

Congregacio ib'm tent die Martis ultimo die 
Junii, A<> D'ni 1626. 

W" Doughtie, Maior. 

Also itt is to be remembred that 50L owing 
by S' Wili'm Yelverton, Baronett, for ^ he 
and Mr. Wili'm Bemes, Esq'., were bownd by 
their obligac'on to pay the same upon Midaom' 
day last, was then paid into the hall, and the 
obligac'on then delyvered out 



APP. LXXXVII.] 



DEED OF INDENTURE AT LYNN, &C. 



532a. 



No. a. 

Dud of Indenture between the hynn Corporation 
on the one part d Francis Ourney — and 
others — on the other part. — Anno 1622. — 
Amonget the Corporation muniments, 
Tms Indenture made the Eleventh daye 
of October Anno Dni 1622 and in the yeres 
of the Beigne of our Sovereigne Lord Kynge 
James &c vidlt of England, France, and Ire- 
land the twentith and of Scotland the sixe 
and fiftith Between Francis Gumey Citizen 
and Merchant taylor of London Ambrose 
Tompson of Thetford in the County of Nor- 
folk Glover and Martyne Hill of Ellingham in 
the said County of Norfolk Woolchapman on 
tbone pt and the Mayor and Burgesses of the 
Borough of Lenn Regis commonly called 
Kyngs Lynn in the County of Norfolk afore- 
said on thother part Witnesseth that tlie said 
Francis Ambrose and Martyno Inconsideracon 
of the sum of Two hundred pounds of lawful 
Mony of England to them lent gratis for the 
term of three yeres from the Feast of St Mi- 
chael the Archsmgel last passed and paid and 
delivered unto them by the said Mayor and 
Burgesses before then sealinge and Delivery 
of thise presents Whereof the said Francis 
Ambrose and Martyne doe acknowledge the 
receipt Doe Covennt promyse and grant for 
them and every of them their and every of 
their Executors and Administrators to and 
w**» the said Maior and Burgesses their succes- 
sors and assigneys by thcise p sents That 
they the said Francis, Ambrose and Martyne 
or so many of them as shall be lyvinge shall 
from henceforth un till the Feast of S' Michael 
the Archangel*w«*> shall be in the yere of our 
Lord God one thousand sixe hundreth twenty 
and five inhabit and dwell within the Borough 
of Kynges Lynn aforesaid and shall and will 
there from tyme to tyme during the said 



terme freely provide fynde and deUver suffici- 
ent wool and other materialls as well to and 
lor all those poore people dwelling w^ in the 
said Borough and tlie Liberties thereof whoe 
shall come or repaier to them or any of them 
to be sett on worke in spynnyge of Worstead 
Yame or doiug any other worke which the 
said Francis Ambrose and Martyne or any of 
them shall use as allso to and for so many 
children, living in tlie said Borough or the 
liberties thereof as the Maior and Aldermen 
of the said Borough for tlie tyme beinge or 
any of thorn under tlieir severall hand writ- 
inge shall uppoynt and tliiuk fitt from tyme 
to tyme to send to the said Francis Ambrose 
and Martyne or any of tliem to be taught and 
sett to work in spynnynge of Worsted Yame 
or doingc any other worko wh^ tlic^y or any of 
Uiem shall use And allso shall well and suffi- 
ciently teaclie and insti'uct or cause to be 
taught and instructed all and every the said 
children in spynnynge of Worstead Yame or 
douig any other worke w^'* they or any of them 
shall use vf^ shall oe unskillful therein And 
THE SAID Maior and Burgesses doe grant and 
agree by tlieise presents That tlie said Fran- 
cis, Ambrose, and Martyne shall freely have 
and enjoye the benefitt & comoditie of all the 
worke & labours of tlie said children vr^^ shall 
be sent & appoynted to be taught & instmcted 
as aforesaid, without making any allowance 
for the same, during the space of fewer 
monethes next after tlie sev*aU tymes of their 
first entrance so tc be taught & instmcted 
And allso the said Francis Gumey, Ambrose 
Tiiompson & Martyne Hill doe covennt and 
grant for them and every of them their and 
every of their executors and administrators to 
and with the said Maior and Burgesses their 
successors and assigns by theise presents 
That they the said Francis, Ambrose and 



d32B. 



FRANCIS GURNAY OF LONDON. 



[part III. 



Martyne or some or one of them from tyme 
to tyme duringe tlie said terme yf they or any 
of them shall so longo lyve shall and will pay 
and allowo to all and every the p'son and 
persons above mentioned (beingo noleamei's) 
y/^ shall laboure and worke in spynnynge of 
worstead yame or doinge of other worke as 
aforesaid the best wages for their severall 
worke accordinge to their severall eamynges 
vf^ shall be then geven in the like kynde and 
sort to such psons in any other place or 
places within the Counties of Norf and Suflf 
or either of them And lastly itt is condis- 
cended concluded and fully agreed by and be- 
tween all and every the said parties by tlieise 
p'sents That if any difference question or 
doubt att any tyme or tymes hereafter dur- 
ing the said terme, shall growe or arrise for 
or concerning the payment rate or value of 
the wages or eaminge of the said poore peo- 
ple or any of them or the spoylynge stealyngc 
or embeasellinge of any wool or other mate- 
rialls w<* shall bo provided and delyvered 
to and for them or any of them or for or con- 
cerning any other thinge or tliinges touchingo 
the premisses or any part thereof That then 
the same shall be adjudged ended and deter- 
miaed from tyme to tyme by tlie IMayor and 
too of the Aldermen of tlie said Borough for 
the tyme beinge as Arbitrators in that behalf 
whereof one of the sdd Aldermen to be no- 
minated by the said Maior for the tyme being 
and thother by the S£ud Francis, Ambrose, and 
Martyne or by some or one of them And in 
default of such nominacon to be made by the 
said Francis, Ambrose, and Maityne or some 
or one of them they or some or one of them 
beinge thereunto required by the Maior of the 



said Burrough for the time beinge the sole 
nominacon of both the said Aldermen in that 
behalf shall be made by the said Maior for the • 
time being And all and every Judgements 
Ends and determinacons which shall be made 
by the said Maior and twoo Aldermen as Ar- 
bitrators aforesaid shall stand and be good 
and effectual for the ordering and endinge of 
all and every the differences doubts and ques- 
tions which shall growe or arrise as afore- 
said In witness whereof to thono part of 
thcise p sent Indentiures the said Francis, 
Ambrose and Martyne have sett their seales 
and to tliotlier part thereof the said Maior and 
Burgesses have set their Comon Seale dated 
the dayo and years first abovowritten Tho- 
mas Snelling then beinge Maior of the Bor- 
rough of Kings Lynne aforesaid 

Sigillat cu' coi* Sigillo Burgi 

Sup'dict, et delibat' in Guihald ejusdem 

Burgi Teste me — Tho Rivett coi clico 

L. Sigilli 
Burgi Lenne 

No. 3. 

Certificate of Francis Oumay's admisnon into 

tJie Company of Merchant Taylors London, 

Mebchant Tailors Hall — 
London 19 Mat 1848. 

Tliis is to Certify that Francis Gumay son 
of Henry Gumay of Great Ellinggam in the 
County of Norfolk was admitted and sworn 
to tlie Freedom of the Merchant Tailors' 
Company on the 16th day of June 1606. 

SAML. FISHER, 

Clerk to the Company. 



APP. LXXXVIII.] 



BARON GURNBY. 



533 



APPENDIX LXXXVIII. 



OX THE GURNEYS OF BEDFORDSHIRE. 



It seems likely the Gurneys of Bedfordshire 
are descended from Thomas, third son of 
Francis Gumay of London. Their ancestor, 
Thomas Gumey (sprung from the Gurneys of 
Norfolk) was of the date of this third son of 
Erancis. He was a disciple and personal friend 
of George Fox, the founder of the Quakers, 



and resided near Wohum, in Bedfordshire : he 
eventually became a Baptist From him in 
direct line descends the late lamented and 
highly esteemed Sir John Gumey, one of the 
Barons of the Exchequer, according to the fol- 
lowing pedigree : — 



Thomas Gurnet, near Woborn, in Bedfordshire.^. . . . 

I ' 

John Gurnet, bom 1681, living 1759.^Hannah Young. 

Thomas Gurnet, of London, bo. 1705, ob. 1770.^Martha Marson. Other children. 

Joseph Gurnet, bo. 1743, ob. 1815.^Rebecca Brodie. Other children. 

Sir John Gurnet, Knt. one of the Barons of the Exchequer.=MARiA Hawks. 



APPENDIX LXXXIX. 



ON SIR RICHARD GURNEY, BARONET, LORD MAYOR OF LONDON 1642. 



Sir Richard Gumey was not related to the 
Norfolk fiunily, as appears by the following 
entry in the Heralds* visitation of 1634. 

* <' Latere pattent's exemplified to Richard 



Gurny, al's Gurnard, Sheriff of London, by 
Sir Will°» Segur, Knt. Garter Principal King 
at Arms, dat. 26 Juli, 1633, 9 Car. R"." 



Brton Gurkt, al'k Gurnard, descended from the Ghimeys of Kendall.^MiODALEN, dau. of — Hewitt. 

Kkoal, dau. of Henry Sandford, of^RiCHARD Gurnt, al'ft Gurnard,=Euza, widdow of Mr. South, dau. of 
Kent, of Bnrehington, Isle of Thanet. | Esq. Sheriff of London a'o 1634. Richard Goason, of London, goldsmith. 



Richard Gurnbt, son and heir apparent, 1634. Euzabeth. 



Anne. 



* From the Heralds' Visitation, Lond. 1684. Harl. No. 1476. 
4 A 



534 



FRANCIS GURNAY OF LONDON. 



[part III. 



V 




Sir Richard Guraey was created a baronet. 
He appears to have been a stanch royalist, 
and a man of great wealth, intrepidity, and in- 
t^rity ; during his mayoralty he distinguished 
himself by these qualities, and is frequently 
mentioned at that time by Clarendon, in his 
History of the Rebellion. 

He bore for arms, Paly of six pieces or 
and azure, per fess 
counterchanged.* 

These arms, with 
his name underneath 
them, are still among 
many others in the 
cornice round the G reat 
Hall of Christ's Hos- 
pital, in London. 
Sir Richard Gumey's son appears to have 
died under age. His daughter Elizabeth mar- 
ried Sir John Pettus ; and Ann, Lord Richard- 
son, baron of Cramond, and is buried in Hon- 
ingham Church, Norfolk. 

The following fragment of an account of Sir 
Richard Gumey is taken from a loose printed 
sheet, apparently from some work detailing the 
sufferings of eminent royalists during the civil 
wars. 

"The. life and death of Sir Richard Gurney, 
Lord Mayor of London. 

" Sir Richard Gumey, knight and baronet, 
bom April 17, 1577, at Croydon, in Surrey, 
was by his Majesty King Charles I. honored 
with this title, that he might be a pattem to the 
whole nation for integrity and loyalty, — may he 
be so to all persons of his quality in every pas- 
sage of life. 

"1. To young gentlemen (younger sons to 
considerable families) bound apprentises in Lon- 
don, — ^in his careful and obliging service to Mr. 

* Heylin^B Help to English History. 



Coleby, a silkman in Cheapside, who dying left 
him his shop, worth 6,000/. 

" 2. To those happy men, that, having gained 
estates in their younger days to serve themselves, 
should accomplish themselves against their riper 
years to serve their country, — ^inhis travels (upon 
his enusing on the foresaid estate) into France 
and Italy, where he improved himself, and (by 
observing the trades of the respective marts as 
he passed) laid the foundation of his future 
traffick. 

" 3. To single persons, — ^in his discreet marri- 
age into a fEunily (Mr. Sandford*8), at that time 
commanding at once most of the money, and 
by that most of the nobility, gentry, and great 
tradesmen of England. 

'' 4. To persons in trust,* — in the faithful dis- 
charge of a joint power he, the Earls of Dorset 
and Essex, were invested with by a charitable 
person, of an 100,000/. deep, towards the buying 
of impropriations, to be legaly and bon4 fide 
laid to the Church. 

" 5. To magistrates, — going thro' all offices 
in the places he laid in, a benefactor in each 
place, particularly to his company, the cloath- 
workers, whereof he was warden ; to the hos- 
pital of St. Bartholomew's, wherof he was 
warden ; and to the city, wherof he was alder- 
man, sheriff, and lord mayor; promoting the 
loanes the king had occasion for; advancing the 
commission of array, when the kingdom's con- 
dition required it; entertaining his Majesty 
(4,000/. deep at his own charge) when he knew 
how much his Majesty's reputation f would gain 

* In most legacies for charitable uses he was in bis 
time the third person generally concerned. 

t In his magnificent reception upon his return from 
Scotland, besides that he assisted his Majesty in levying 
tunnage and poundage, and ship-money, suppressed un* 
lawful assemblies and petitions, quashing all seditious 
motions at Common CounciL 



AFP. LXXXIX.] SIR RICHARD GURNBY LORD MAYOR. 



535 



in the oountry by the appearance of a good cor- 
respondence between him and the city; ap- 
peasing the tumults, when sixty-three years of 
age» one night with thirty or forty lights, and a 
few attendants (whereof his son-in-law, Sir John 
Pettos, was one), rushing suddenly out of the 
house upon thousands, with ihe city sword 
drawn, who immediately retired to their own 
houses and gave over their design ; in coun- 
tenancing his Majesty's legal proclamations, and 
neglecting the conspiracy's traitorous ordiDances, 
oflering ibe King, as Sir John Pettus assured 
me, who went many times a day, in those times, 
from Sir Richard to his Majesty, and from his 
Majesty back again to Sir Richard, to stand 
upon the privileges of the City with his Majesty 
against the faction, as they stood upon the pri- 
vileges of Parliament against him ; refusing to 
appear out of the liberties of the City before the 
Parliament till he was commanded to do so by 
the King (whom he would obey with his ruiu), 
when, besides a long attendance at his own 
charge, the City not contributing a farthing 



towards it, not to this day, in the House of 
Peers (who sent for him every day in a whole 
month, with his council, on purpose to undo 
him), he was deprived of mayoralty, honour, 
and all capacity of bearing any office in the 
kingdom, kept seven years prisoner in the Tower, 
refusing to pay the 5,000/. imposed upon him 
for his liberty (urging that, by the law of the 
land, he should not suflfer twice for the same 
fault) ; plundered, sequestered, and troubled, by 
several seizures of estates and debts, not ended 
till '57, after it had gone through thirteen 
committees, to him and his heirs, the Right 
Honourable the Lord Richardson and the Right 

Worshipful ** 

It appears Sir Richard Gumey died in the 
Tower in 1647, having been ejected from his 
mayoralty in 1642 by the Parliament. His 
wife Elizabeth was bom at Odiham, in Hamp- 
shire, to which she gave in charity eight acres 
and a half in land in 1633. See Collectanea 
Topographica et Genealogica, vol. iv. p. 91, and 
vol. viii. p. 233. 




536 



[part III. 



FRANCIS GURNEY, OF MALDON, IN ESSEX, 

Was second son of Francis Gumey, of London, merchant.* He lived in 
the parish of St. Mary, in the lower part of the town of Maldon, upon the 
banks of the Blackwater, in a house which he rented of the corporation 
of that borough, and was a merchant there. 




HOUSE OP PRAliaS OUBNET AT lUiJ>ON. 



He was one of the bailiffs of Maldon in 1664, as appears by a list of the 
communicants in the register of St. Mary*s parish ; and again in 1667 Mr. 
and Mrs. Goumey are in a list of communicants. There are two bailiffs 
elected annually at Maldon, and eight aldermen, so that the station in life 
of Francis Goumey was not very high ; especially as the population of the 
town was then small. He is however styled gentleman in St. Mary's 



Heralds* Visitation. Register St Benet Finck. 



K.D. 1664.] 



heralds' visitation. 



537 



parish register in 1663 and 1667. In the Heralds' Visitation for Essex in 
1664 is an account of his family attested by himself, as follows : 



*• GouRNBT. Azgent, a oroes engrailed gules, a crescent for difference. 

Francis Gou&net, London,=j=ANNE, dau. of William Browning, of Maiden, 
merchant. f in com. Essex. 

I ' 

Francis Goitrnet, of Maiden, in=i=ANNE, dau. of Jeremy Browning, of Maiden, in 




com. Essex, 1664. I com'. Essex. 

r- ' mr . -n 



John Gournet, sonne and heire, 
set. 9 a'o 1664. 



Thomas. 
Charles. 



Richard. Jane. 



'* Ffra. Gournay." 



" The above is a true copy of the entry in the Visitation of the county 
of Essex, made in the year 1664, and now remaining in the College of 
Arms, London. 

*^ Chas. Geo. Young, 
« College of Arms, 4 May, 1831." York Herald and Register. 

He married Anne, daughter of Jeremiah Browning, alderman of Maldon. 
She was probably his cousin, his mother having been of the same family ; 
her baptism is dated July 23, 1637. They had issue, according to the 
parish register of St. Mary*s, Maldon : 

i. John, bom 7 Oct. bapt. 30 Oct. 1655 ; he was apprenticed at Nor- 
wichy and is the founder of the present family there ; of whom hereafter. 

2. Francis, bom 14 Feb. bapt. 2 March, 1657, buried 28 May 1658. 

3. George, bom 10 June, bapt. 20 June, 1659, buried 15 Jan. 1663. 
4« Thomas, bom 17 March, bapt. 31 March, 1661. 

5. Charles, bom 4 Feby. bapt. 24 Feb. 1662, bimed 16 Sept. 1668. 

6. Richard, bapt. 1 April, 1664, who may be the Richard who was fined 
in Bedfordshire for non-attendance at church in 1682.^ 

7. Francis, bapt. 17 Sept. 1665, buried 6 Jan. 1666. 

8. Anne, bapt. 22 Jan. 1666 (o.s.) 

9. Henry, bapt. 19 March, 1667. 

10. Jane.'' 



* Sufferings of the Friends. 



^ Heralds' Visitation, 1664. 



538 



FRANCIS GURNBT. 



[part III. 



I1ie name of Gurney does not appear in any of the Maldon Registers 
after 1670 ; from that year to 1 690 the Register of St. Mary's is lost* 

I do not find in what year Francis Gurney died ; but he and his family 
appear to have left Maldon, where it seems they did not possess property, 
according to information from an authentic source in the place, and I think 
it likely he removed to Norwich the latter part of his life, from the fact of 



* In that of St. Peter's, Maldon, we find an entry of the marriage of George Goumey with 
Mary Elliston, widow, in 1660, and of their son George, bom 1661 : what his relationship was 
to Francis Goumey we have been unable to discover ; but he perhaps resided in a house in All 
Saints' parish at Maldon, which was certainly inhabited by one of the family. Also Richard 




HOUSE OF ONE OF THE QURNEYS IN ALL SAINTS' PARISH, MALDON. 

(jouraay, mentioned in the corpoi-ation accounts of Maldon in 1677. These may have heea 
brothers of Francis Gurney. 



A.D. 1667.] MALDON FEE FARM RENTS. 539 

his son being apprenticed there, and his family having been always con- 
nected with the place. 

The following notices of Francis Gurney occur in the Rent Roll of the 
fee-farm rents of the borough of Maldon : — 

1662. 

" Item. Sir Robert Sprignell, Knight, for the rent of his Key at the 
heath, sometymes of Henry Swallow, and now in the tenure of Francis 
Gurney, Gent, by the year, xiirf. 

" Item. Mr. Francis Gurney, for the rent of a pcell of waste ground 
belonging to this Burr, lyeing his Saltcoat dore, now in the tenure of the 
said Mr. Gurney, by the year, U. 

"Item. Francis Gurney, Gent, for the rent of a certain messuage or 
tenement and Smithes shopp, in All Saints' parish, formerly of one Robert 
Walley, in the occupacon of him, the said James Fowle, by the year 

Farme rents, 1677. 

*^ Item. Sir Robert Sprignell, Barronett, for the rent of the lime Kilne 
upon the soile of this Burrough, att the heith, in the parish of St. Marie's, 

late in the tenure of Francis Gurney, Gent, and now of 

by the year, 1 Is. 

" Item. Sir Robert Sprignell, Barronett, for the rent of his Key att the 
heith^ sometimes of Henry Swallow, late in the tenure of Francis Gurney, 
Gent.« and now in the tenure of .... by the year, U. 1 U. 

" Item. John Gurney, Gent, for the rent of a piece of ground of the 
soyle of the Burrough, att the heith, lying betweene Sir Robert Sprignell's 
Vineyard and the Saltcoate, in the parish of St. Marye, late in the tenure 
of Francis Gurney, Gent, and now in the tenure of the said Francis 
Goumay^ by the year 

" Item. Richard Gournay, for the rent of an incroachment upon the 
soyle of this Burrough, with a new building in his messuage or tenement 
heretofore called or knowne by the name or signe of the Swan, situate in 
the parish of St. Mary, late of Francis Gournay, Gent, now in the tenure of 
Helena Williams, widd. by the yeare 



540 



JOHN GURNEY OR GOURNEY OF NORWICH, 



Was the eldest son of Francis Gourney of MaJdon in Essex^ by Anne 
Browning, his wife, and was bom at Maldon 7 Oct. and baptised 30 Oct, 
1655.' He was bound apprentice to one Daniel Gilman, of Norwich, 
citizen and cordwainer, as is shewn by the corporation books of that city 
of 1692, (App. XCI.) when he was prevented from taking up his freedom 
by his declining to take the necessary oath, he having before that time 




* Parish Register, St. Mary's, Maldon. 




/ i'/ir /'•'.i.f 0-fy^v Afr/i art' 

<Vf(nmtiHi'i' hum: . 
? /{whcppr.t note . 



A A'f Miutw at £*«• Paiace Gate . 
■ /» HTtitf^ /■Ytar* . 

H St ./amef'f Chttr*^ . 



J0 S* .iiururtuuii Ch.. 
Jl S*Si»u>ur^ Ok. 

a ,f* {Imisnti Ok . 

14 S^Cwye at Cbl^ttt Ok . 



MAS* Man' Oi. 

77 sf juokMi ^ sf MEbf a,. 

\j077kt A'fwrJUSUr. 



Mi J* J 




J.^A^rvr ^ 



Say M. «• JAnA. 



; M SfJoJUhf 2f,addermarht. (K. 
i dS .(^ Bmnftt (h . 



is Ztpfw Ifpu-fc ■ 

9T Sf PHirjr ifajt^nj^ Ch ■ 

as Ihf Murkft ar¥s . 






43 S* Juhan* /h . 



4? S^JoAnj SifuMir^ tJ^ 

■fa fim*m D'^i^r . 

4tt S^SeepAMxs c3hurrh ■ 



AD. 1678.] RBOI8TBR8 OF QUAKERS. 541 

embraced the tenets of the Quakers, who entertain a religious scruple against 
oaths. The earliest notice we find of him at Norwich is in the registers of 
of that society, John Goumey being among the witnesses of a mar- 
riage which took place on the 16th 4th month, (June o. s.) 1678; 
after which time his name frequently occurs in these books, variously 
spelt, Goumey, Goumy, eventually always Gumey. (Appendix XC.) He 
lived in the parish of St. Gregory, in a house facing what was called 
Charing CSross, between two streets formerly called nether and over West- 
wyk.* This house is conspicuous in a perspective map of Norwich, com- 
piled by Mr. Taylor for his Index Monasticus, an engraving of which is 
given at page 508. 

It still bears the appearance of an old mansion. It seems likely this 
was originally the town house of the West Barsham Gumeys, which had 
devolved to this younger branch of the family. Thomas Gumey of West 
Barsham died possessed of a house in St. Gregory's parish in 1471.** 
(See p. 393.) 

He is styled John Gumey of Norwich, citizen and cordwainer, the 
meaning of which word is explained in the Harleian Miscellany^ as tanner, 
currier, or in fact leather merchant. This addition to his name was given 
from his having been admitted to his freedom in the C!ompany of Cord- 
wainers, which appears by his being so styled in deeds dated 1707, when 
he was an eminent merchant, and possessed of considerable property, 
Mr. Norris states * that an order of the corporation of Norwich was made 
in 1450, that every person admitted as citizen or freeman was to be so 
admitted and recorded under some art or trade, which order continues 
still in force. ( App. XCI.) 

John Goumey was a quiet man, who did not greatly trouble himself 
about his affairs : but was so learned in the law as to be the provincial 
oracle to whom law questions were frequently submitted, and is said to 
have been habitually consulted by the corporation of Norwich. 

* Kirkpatrick MSS. quoted in Norris MSS. vol. L Misc. Norf. papers. 
^ The writings of this house do not throw any light on the supposition, as they only commence 
in 1751. « Vol. vi. p. 123. 

' Tunstead Hundred, in Wotton. 

4 B 



542 



JOHN GOURNEY OF NORWICH. 



[part III. 



In his youth he became a convert to the religious opinions of the So- 
ciety of Friends, which subjected him, together with others of the same 
sect, to an imprisonment of above three years in the city gaol of Norwich.* 
" They were committed thither about the latter end of the year 1683." 
Their case, as drawn up by themselves, is contamed in the following 
address,^ the sole ground of their imprisonment being their refusal to 
take the oath of allegiance, which they declined doing simply from their 
religious scruple to take any oath whatever. 

" An Address of the Prisoners at Norwich to the Representatives of 
that City and Ciounty, humbly desiring them to take our suffering 
condition into consideration. 

" We, who have been great sufferers for no other cause but for wor- 
shipping God, and, because it hath differed in ceremony from the esta 
blished worship of the nation, some have called it sedition or rebellion, 



* At all periods Norfolk has had its full share of religious persecution ; eyen in the earliest 
times of the LioUards, they underwent great cruelties in that county. William White, a disdple 
of Wickliffe, was burnt at Norwich in 1424. During some alterations lately made in the castle 
there, an inscription cut on the stone was discovered, and is conjectured to have been written on 
the wall of his cell by some imprisoned Lollard. It runs thus : 

(BARCnS) 



PVRV0RI8ACORC 

assvnzResvn 



losvycLosanc 

eiC0M0SVh: 



and is thus explained : 

Bartholomeus, 
Pour vrais a tort 
£t sans raison 
Je suis clos (enclos) en c- 
ette maison. 
b Sufferings of the Friends, fol. edit. vol. i. page 515. 



A. D. 1685.] IMPRISONMENT OF SECTARIES. 543 

and have persecuted us as such almost to the utter ruining of us in this 
worlds sometimes hy laws made against seditious sectaries, and other times 
as popish recusants, though our endeavour hath heen and still is to keep 
a conscience void of offence toward God and all men« as our consciences 
bear us witness, and also our neighbours among whom we lived, who have 
seen our peaceable behaviour ; and further our willingness to give unto 
Caesar the things that are his. And, although nothing has been alledged 
against us but the cause of our worship, yet grievous have been our suf- 
ferings as aforesaid ; witness the prisoners that are at this day throughout 
the nation, as also the havock that has been made upon our goods for 
many years past by bailiffs and mercenary informers, who have not only 
abused us, but have domineered over and abused the justices and justice 
itself for base and sinister ends, which has ruined many families of such 
as were always willing to submit to the sword of justice, that is, for the 
punishment of evil doers, and the praise of them that do well, as we be- 
lieve you are not insensible of. Therefore we do humbly beseech you, as 
opportunity offers itself, that you would make intercession on our behalf, 
that the heavy burden may be taken off, and the oppressed go free ; so 
shall we be the more engaged to pray for the prosperity of you and yours. 

" Thus, in behalf of ourselves and our suffering friends, from fifteen of 
us who have been prisoners onwards of two years, because we cannot 
swear to that which we hold and believe to be our christian duty, to wit, 
to practice true allegiance to our prince. 

'' The 7th of the month caUed April, 1686." 

At the summer assizes of the same year John Gumey and his fourteen 
companions had the oath of aUegiance again tendered to them in court, 
and were recommitted. 

The records of the corporation of Norwich furnish an unequivocal proof 
of the esteem in which John Gumey was held by his fellow-citizens, and 
also of his being a person of some consequence in the city, in a resolu- 
tion of an assembly of the aldermen and common council that he should 
be indulged with the privilege of carrying on his mercantile affairs within 
the liberties of the city, notwithstanding that he could not, as the law then 
stood^ be admitted to his freedom, by reason of his scrupling to take an 



544 JOHN GOURNEY OF NORWICH. [PART III. 

oath. (App. XCI.) To which admission to freedom he made a vain 
attempt in 1688. This resolution of the corporation took place in 1692, 
some years after his release from prison, which was early in the reign of 
James II. by whom the severe measures against the Society of Friends were 
relaxed. 

John Gumey realized a considerable fortune. He was materially assisted 
in the management of his commercial undertakings by his wife Elizabeth 
Swanton, whose talents for commerce were quite extraordinary. At that 
period, when education was so limited, it was not an easy thing to find 
effective mercantile clerks, and the women of commercial families, as is 
now the case on the continent of Europe, took a leading part in the 
counting-houses. 

He married at Woodbridge " the fifth day of the seventh month, called 
September, in the year 1687." The marriage certificate, according to the 
form of the Society of Friends, is still in possession of his descendants. In 
the monthly meeting books at Woodbridge he is stated to have produced 
a note from his mother giving her consent to this marriage. His wife is 
described as Elizabeth Swanton, of Grundisborough, in Suffolk, '^ single 
woman." Her brothers were merchants at Wells in Norfolk. John 
Swanton, probably one of them, was present at the marriage of their 
second son, Joseph Gumey, with Hannah Middleton, in 1713, (App. XCH.) 

John Gumey was intimately connected with the leading members of the 
Society of Friends ; amongst others, Samuel Waldenfield, a distinguished 
preacher of that sect, was much attached to him, and frequently with him 
at Norwich. He was in the habit of attending the yearly meetings in 
London, on which occasions his more anxious wife remained at home to 
superintend their affairs. 

The following letter in my possession is characteristic of the thrifty wife 
at home addressing her absent husband on one of these occasions : — 



A. D. 17 1 6.] LBTTER OF BLIZABBTH OURNBY. 545 

" Ffor John Gumey, Senr. att 

Theodore Ettleston*s, 

In Crown Court, 
In Gracechurch Street, 

London. 

"Norwich, r 17 of 3* mo. 1716. 
'^ My dbarb, (May) 

" Theise are to acquaint thee that I have drawn a hill on John Ettleston 
to William Crowe, or order, for James Paynter. Thou told me he nor his 
father would want no money, hut he have been with me twice for sum, but 
I had none for him nor nobody else. I never knew such a week of trade 
all the hard weather as I have known this week. I could have had some 
if Richard How had sent culord and the book muslin, and those goods I 
sent for ; but when he have served all his customers, so that they have 
forestalled the market, then I shall have the rubbish they leave. I take it 
very ill that thou tye me (to) those people, for I am sure we are both 
sufferers by it. He know right well if there be any thing to do it is att 
this time of yeare, but I have been served so severall years. Branthwait 
have not sent me the money, nor Lolly have paid none, nor the country 
have sent none, nor I have taken scarce any, so I know not what they wil 
do att John*s. What pleasure thou meet withall at London much good 
may it doe thee ; but I am sure I am in trouble enough. I can hardly tell 
how to forgive Richard How, to think how he have done by me. My 
neibour Alice desire thee to buy her 2 hundred of gold, and 2 pound of 
the best coflFee. Pray desire John to think to buy me sum silk gloves of 
the maker, as I ordered him by my letter. So with deare love to thee and 
my children, I conclude, 

" Thy discontented Wife at present, 

** Eliz. Gurnby. 

^^ My daughter Hannah have now sent for me strait. Her child is taken 
very ill." 

The following account of the children of John Gumey is copied from a 
memorandum in his own handwriting : — 



546 



JOHN GURNBY OF NORWICH. 



[part III. 



^^ John Gumey was bom the 16th day of the 5th month, called July, 
this year 1688. 

'^Richard Gumey was bom upon the 18th day of the 11th month, 
called January, in the year 1689. 

"Joseph Gumey was home upon the 24th day of the 1st mo. (March), 
in the year 1 69^. 

" Benjamin Gumey was borne upon the 6th day of the 12th mo. called 
February, in the year 1693. 

" Edmund Gumey was borne upon the 27th day of the 1 1th mo. called 
January, in the year 1695. 

" Edmund Gumey, the 2nd of that name, was borne upon the 7th day 
of the 9th mo. called November, in the year 1697. 

" Samuel and Richard Gumey were borne at a birth upon the 6th day 
of the 5th mo. called July, in the year 1700." 

It is observable that John Gurney named two sons successively Edmund, 
doubtless after Edmund Gumey, the puritan rector of Harpley, his great- 
uncle. Of these sons four only lived to grow to man's estate ; viz. John, 
Joseph, Benjamin, and Edmund. 

John Gumey died 10th December, 1721, aged sixty-six; and Elizabeth, 
his wife, the 4th of March, 1727, aged sixty-eight. (Registers of the 
Society of Friends at Norwich.) 







APP. XCj 



RBGI8TER8 AT NORWICH. 



547 



APPENDIX XC. 



BXTRACTS FROM THE REGISTERS OF THE SOCIETY OF FRIENDS AT NORWICH. 



The first mention of the name of Goumej in 
the Norwich monthly meeting books of the So- 
ciety of Friends is in 1678. 

Ist Extract : << The names of the yomig men 
who contribute towards the building of the 
house in the ground lately purchased of Onias 
Fhilipps, and also the summe. 

£ s. d. 
Jno. England .500 

Jno. Fenn, &c. &c. .15 

Jno. Goumey .10 0" 

2nd Extract, 1686 : " Agreed, That those 
Frioids whose names are hereunder nominated 
shall have the care in looking after the back 
garden. 

Thomas Howard. 
Thomas Dormer. 

John Goumey (and seyeral others)." 
3rd Extract, 1690 1 <' Ordered, That John 
Goumey and John Fenn speak to and enquire 
of some Friends that may be thought fit to 
dwell in the meeting house.*' 



4th Extract, 1690 : '< Ordered, That Jno. 
Goumey and Jno. Fenn go to such Friends as 
they judge fit and willing to give towards the 
charges of the gallery and windows mending, 
also the street mending in the King*s-way." 

5th Extract, 1695: "Ordered, That John 
Goumey, Robert Burton, &c. &c. take an 
amount of what things are lost of John Golds', 
and to prize them, in order to be disposed of, 
for the use of his widow." 

6th Extract, 1691 : " Ordered, That William 
Kay, Henry Lombe, and John Goumey, meet 
together the 6th day next at the meeting-house, 
about the 5th hour in the afternoon, to receiye 
of Friends an amount of what books and pa- 
pers, and manuscripts, they have of dear George 
Fox's." 

7th Extract, 1692 : « Ordered, That John 
Goumey, Richard Brown, take care of such 
Friends prisoners in the county prison for their 
testimony for tmth, and to assist them with 
advice, or otherwise, as need shall require.** 



APPENDIX XCI. 



ON THE GUILDS OR TRADE COMPANIES. 



Commercial societies, analogous to the guilds 
of the middle ages, existed in the Grecian and 
Roman towns. They were called by the Greeks 
^eraipia and porpio, and by the Romans col- 



legium, and sometimes societas, although the 
latter word generally signifies partnership, when 
used in a commercial sense. It does not ap- 
pear, however, that these companies were formed 



548 



JOHN OOX3RNBY OF NORWICH. 



[part III, 



of men who had undergone a period of appren- 
ticeship, as was the case with the guilds, and 
entering them was more a voluntary act; 
whereas in the Saxon and Norman guilds it was 
essential to he a memher in order to carry on 
the trade or craft of the company, and the ap- 
prenticeship generally for seven years was re- 
quired. This was the case with the guilds in 
France and Italy, and other continental coun- 
tries. Each guild had its patron saint, and a 
banner with the fig^ure of the saint upon it. In 
case of war this banner was borne before the 
soldiers furnished by the company. The laws 
regulating the guilds were very stringent, and 
had chiefly reference to preventing fraud in the 
articles made by the different trades. These 
laws were injurious to the freedom of com- 
merce, and fettered the free exchange of manu- 
ftctures and produce. Each company had its 
pardcular regulations which bound its members, 
but which were confirmed by royal authority. 
At Abbeville the book of the statutes of the 
several companies exists of the date of 1403, 
confirmed by Louis XI. In the first page 
the companies address the King : 

" Pour par Yaiaon nous contenir 
Et vos Bujets en paix tenir, 
Est ce livre fkit et dit^ 
Sire, par votre autorit^/^ 

The King answers : 

'* Solent gard^ et maintenns 
Par yooB ces edits et statuts; 
Par cette charte Qe) lea conferme, 
A toudia pour estre pins ferme/* 

On being received into a company a fine was 
paid, which was less if the party was son of a 
freeman of the same company. 

In certain guilds the widow of a member was 
allowed to carry on the trade of her husband 
after his death. 



Each company or guild had its hall and sepa- 
rate stalls. The hall was used on all public 
occasions, whether for the conduct of their 
affairs or convivial purposes. 

The halls of the town corporations were fre- 
quently those belonging to one of the principal 
guilds of the place, and hence the town halls 
were called guild halls. 

At Montreuil there existed a guild of peculiar 
sort; it was not accessible by apprenticeships, 
but the right of being a gueuldon was by heredi- 
tary succession, in the male line only, and the 
youngest son had the preference, and in default 
of direct heirs the right devolved to collateral 
descendants. 

The surveillance over the guilds in France 
was rigorous, and became very oppressive. 
The system continued in full force until the 
year 1789, when it was put an end to by the 
reforms of the French revolution.* 

In England the guilds or liveries, so called 
from having originally worn a dress of a parti- 
cular colour on occasions of ceremony, were, in 
many instances, endowed with large possessions. 
They existed in the Saxon times, and are men- 
tioned in the twelfth century as being estab- 
lished in London and elsewhere. £^h trade 
was located in a particular street or site. This 
was the case at Norwich, as appears by a map 
of the environs of the market place in that city, 
compiled from original documents, by Mr. 
Kirkpatrick, more than a century since, of 
which we give an engraving, and where the 
rooms or streets occupied by each trade or com- 
pany are marked. Many persons of distinction 

* I haye extracted some of the particulars here given 
from M. Looandre^ History of Abbeville, and of the 
county of Ponthieu, a work of considerable merit, and 
which gives much information respecting the ancient 
municipal system of France. 



cutri/Mn'^ SosiergaU 




iadelffiUt 




vinCcU 



APP. XCI.] 



THE GUILDS. 



549 



soon became members of the guilds ; and herein, 
I apprehend, the English system differed from 
that prevalent in France, — ^that, although it was 
necessary to become a member of a guild or 
cmnpany to obtain the right of burgess or 
citiien, it did not, in England, follow as a con- 
sequence, that the particular trade of the com- 
pany was necessarily undertaken, at least that 
was not the case after the reign of Henry the 
Eighth, when a more liberal system in com- 
mercial matters began to prevail, and these 
local restrictions subsided. 

We have observed that John Goumey was 
a member of the guild or company of Cord- 
wainersy and eventually obtained his freedom in 
the city of Norwich as such, llie Cordwainers 
were dealers in leather, the word being derived 
from leather made at Cordova. Their company in 
London was incorporated by letters patent of 
Henry IV., in 1410, under the name of the 
master, wardens, and commonalty of the mys- 
tery of Cordwainers of the city of London ;♦ 
and were distinct from the souters or shoe- 
makers ; but they must have existed as a com- 

* liaitland's History of London, yol. II. p. 896. 



pany before that period, as Richard de Parys, 
cordwainer, was sheriff of London, .57 Henry 
Third (1263). 

The following is the entry in the corporation 
books at Norwich referred to in the text re- 
specting John Goumey *s not taking the usual 
oaths: 

« At the Court of Mayoralty held 28 Junii, 
'1692. 

^' Forasmuch as John Goumey, who was 
apprentice with Danyel Gilman, cordwainer, 
did present himself to this court desiring to be 
admitted to his freedom as having served with 
his master for the space of seven years, but, 
refusing to take his oath of freeman, could not 
have his freedom granted him. But at the 
request of Henry Peal, headman, Robert Wilson 
and Thomas Ansell, wardens of the Company of 
Cordwainers, it is granted that the said John 
Gumey, in respect of his said service, shall be 
permitted to use and exercise his trade in this 
citty, hee conforming himself to the orders of 
the said trade, but not to have any further pri- 
vilege of his freedom until hee take his oath. 
" Pr. Curiam. Chappel." 



APPENDIX XCII. 



ON THE FAMILY OP 8WANTON. 



The brothers of Elizabeth Swanton, wife of 
John Gumey, were merchants at Wells in 
Norfolk. In the registers of the Quakers at 
Norwich frequent mention is made of Robert 
Swanton of Wells, also of John Swanton- 
Hannah, the sister of Elizabeth Gumey, mar- 
ried Edmund Cobb of Norwich ; she died in 

4 



1716, aged 50, and he in 1718, aged 55. It 
is likely he was of the same feuouly as the 
Cobbs of Sandringham * and Snettisham, Jeffrey 
Cobb, third son of Edmund Cobb, Esq. of Snet> 

* This appears to be the case by the will of Elizabeth 
Cobb, 1682. Register Cobb, in office of Archdeacon of 
Norwich. 



550 



JOHN GOURNBY. 



[part III. 



tisham, having settled in Norwich on or before 
the year 15749 and had a numerous issue.* 

An ancient family of the name of Swanton 
held a manorin Edinethorpe, Tunstead Hundred. 
George de Swanton 
was returned by the 
sheriff as lord of a 
manor there in IdlS.f 
Mr. Norris says, " All 
I find of the family is 
they bore for arms, 
Vert, two chevronels 
argent, each charged 
with three cinquefoils gules, Swanton. This 
coat, by the name of Swanton, and impaling 

* NomsMSS. Pedigree of Cobb, 
t Blomefield, in Edinethorpe. 





Paston (Argent, six 
fleurs-de-lis azure, a 
chief indented or), I 
saw, many years since> 
at Oxnead, in an old 
book of arms, painted, 
most of them relating 
to the Paston family, 
and this coat of Swan- 
ton alone was lately, 
and may be still remaining, painted in one of 
the windows of Witton church. 

<< In 1315 the heir of John de Swanton was 
certified to have a manor in Foulsbam cum 
Thenulsthorpe ; and Andrew Swanton occora 
in the list of Norfolk gentlemen returned by 
the commissioners, 12 Henry VI. 1433." 



SWANTON IMPALINa 
PASTON. 




551 



JOHN GURNEY, OF ST. AUGUSTINE'S PARISH. 

John Gumey, eldest son of John Gumey and Elizabeth Swanton^ was 
bom in St Gregor3r's parish, Norwich, the 16th July 1688. He married, 
the 9th Aug. 1709, Elizabeth, daughter and coheiress of Joseph Hadduck. 
His marriage certificate is signed by two of the Branthwaites, who were 
connections of the Gumeys of West Barsham. The Hadducks were lords 
of the manor of Little Bamingham, in Norfolk, an estate which John 
Gumey acquired by this marriage. He resided in St. Augustine's parish, 
Norwich, in a house purchased for him by his father. 

John Gumey was eminent as a commercial man, and possessed consi- 
derable eloquence as a public speaker. 

In April and May 1720 he was examined before the House of Lords, 
upon the question which arose at that time upon the subject of the prohL 
bition of the import of calico and cotton manufactures ; and stated the 
case of the woollen manufacturers with so much eloquence and clearness 
that the successful termination of the business was mainly attributed to 
his exertions. 

The following is an account of this affair, taken from " The Norwich 
Gazette, or the Loyal Packet," from Saturday, April 20th, to Saturday, 
May 7th, 1720. 

" Monday, May 2nd. This day's post brought the following account : 

" From Wye's letter, April 30th. 

*' Mr. Gumay took notice in his speech last Thursday, at the bar of the 
House of Lords, that his friend John Eggleston represented last Tuesday 
to the Lords, that our woollen manufactures were not fit to be exported to 
our plantations, because of a worm that eats them. But to this he replyed, 
that we had a sort of worm called a moth in England, which induced a 
prejudicial to our manufactures, and perhaps they might have moths in 
the West Indies, but he knew another which was the great devourer, 
namely calicoes and East India goods ; which if not prevented by the 
Legislature would eat out the wear of our woollen stuffs in England* He 



552 JOHN GURNEY, OF ST. AUGUSTINE'S. [pART III. 

likewise took notice upon the subject of running calicoes, that, as for his 
friend John Eggleston saying he knew no such thing as clandestine trade 
in that commodity, he appealed to him in his presence whether he did not 
tell him more than once that the drapers' trade in calicoes would not be 
worth the continuance were it not that they bought great quantities of run 
goods ; further, that it was a common practice for the drapers to go in 
their coaches on Sunday, and load them back with run calicoes, sufficient 
to maintain both coach and horses. Mr. Gumay likewise, opening the 
present state of the manufactures, represented, among other things, that' 
the shopkeepers at Worcester are in a deplorable condition, having sold 
this last year no more than 3000 cloaths, and that there were not above 
two apprentices in that city that had a prospect of setting up their trade, 
the rest being mostly parish children : that he had also dismal accounts 
from Gloucester, Bristol, and York ; in which last city the poverty of ma- 
nufacturers was so great that they were forced to eat unwholesome diet, 
which had occasioned a distemper among them, and that the poor at Nor- 
wich increased every day, so that scmie people in the city pay now 24*. in 
the pound, according to the rents of their houses ; that by a modest com- 
putation from the duties at the Excise, the calicoes which are legally wove 
do hinder greatly the wear of 1,756,770 pieces of stuflfe, which takes from 
the labour of the poor 878,533/. 10*. besides the calicoes that are clandes- 
tinely run upon us, which makes the loss as much more. He made many 
more observations, but we have not room for inserting them, only that he 
closed his speech in a very touching manner, telling their Lordships, that 
the case before them was the cries of the poor for bread, and if they were 
not relieved by theii* Lordsluiis many hundred thousand families must 
perish, and in time even those very persoiis who are now by law obliged 
to contribute for their support must likewise be ruined. The East India 
Company make their reply on Monday. 

" Thursday, May 5th. This day's post brought the following accounts : 

" Prom Wye's Letter, May 5th. 

" We are told that Mr. Gumay, in his speech mentioned in our last, 
represented that the East India CJompany are obliged by their charter to 
export one tenth part in our manufactures ; but that in the year 1717> and 




' a*i amxi^.: ^f^r. 



L&A^Fi^ » 



A.D. 1720.] SPEECH BEFORE THE HOUSE OF LORDS. 553 

some years before^ they did not export one fifteenth part ; that likewise 
they were to export no more than 300,000/. annually in bullion, whereas 
in the said year 1717 they exported no less than 900,000/. ; and he sub- 
mitted it to their Lordships whether the Company had not on these ac- 
counts forfeited their charter ; and in answer to the drapers' observation, 
that in the plantations they were more desirous of our calicoes than our 
stufBs, he said that, if it was so, the people must certainly be the more fond 
of them when they knew they are to be the last they are to expect, and 
consequently the drapers will soon get rid of their dead stock as they call it. 
^' In the mean time we are to acquaint you that the Lords heard the 
East India Ciompany reply by their council, Mr. Sergeant Darnel and Mr. 
Mead, who observed, that the suppressing of calicoes will not answer the 
weavers* expectations, because linnen will answer all the purposes of cali- 
coes. That as to the annuitants having no right to the calicoe funds, 'twas 
a manifest absurdity ; that as to the exportation of bullion, it was a com- 
modity like other merchandizes, and the Company will lawfully trade with 
it. That the authority given to the Justices of Peace by the Calicoe Bill 
was in eflfect setting up an inquisition in England ; and Mr. Mead particu- 
larly said that the greatest witness of law in the nation were of opinion 
that a sumptuary law ought not to take place any where but in arbitrary 
governments. That it was impossible for the drapers to swear, perhaps 
two years after he sold any linnen, that they were the very same that he 
tended to any person that might be called in question by any justice of 
the peace or court of judicature. That as to the edicts of France being 
made use of as an argument by the weavers, &c. 'twas to be hoped they would 
be no example for us, for if so, we might then make laws that no person 
shall keep above 20/. in his possession, and to seize and confiscate all the 
rest that could be found ; and likewise for sending away honest people to 
Mississippi. To-day the Lords, after hearing the reply of Mr. E^leston,* 

* The John Eggleston, or more properly Eccleston, who argued before the House on the side 
of the East India Company, was we believe a member of the Society of Friends. He, or one of 
his name, was mentioned in the letter of Elizabeth Gumey to her husband, of th^ date of 17 of 
8 mo. 1716. Mary Ediston, widow, perhaps of this family, married George Goumey at All 
Saints Church, Maldon, in 1660. 



664 JOHN GURNET, OF ST. AUGUSTINE's. [pART III. 

in vindication of the East India Ciompany, against the Calicoe Bill^ adjourned 
the further consideration thereof to this day 6 weeks, on a division 39 
against 27 ; however, their Lordships voted an address to his Majesty to 
order the Commissioners of the Trade to prepare against the next Sessions 
of Parliament for effectually preventing the use of calicoes, so detrimental 
to the manufactures of this kingdom, and on the other hand to ccmsider 
and state the many difficulties which the East India Company do at present 
lie under, and to propose what methods may be most proper for and 
effectual for securing to the said Company their canying on with success 
a trade so beneficial to this kingdom." 

And again, in a summary at the end, is the following sentence, " This 
day the Lords heard the famous advocate of the weavers, Mr. Gumay, who 
spoke on the subject with such energy and force that the Lords were much 
surprised thereat, and 'tis scarce to be doubted but the Bill will pass, tho* 
the East India Company and the drapers are to make their reply to- 
morrow." 

John Gumey*s efforts were fully successful, as the Act ^ Geo. I. stat. 1, 
chap. 7, passed. In his Annals of Commerce Macpherson gives the fol- 
lowing account of the transaction : ^^ The use of printed Indian calicoes in 
Britain, both in apparel and household furniture, was at this time become 
so universal as to be a great detriment and obstruction to the woollen and 
silk manufacturers of the kingdom. This had occasioned sundry riots and 
tumults of the weavers in London, &c. It was therefore found necessary to 
redress a grievance wherein so many thousand families were deeply inte- 
rested. An Act of Parliament was therefore passed to encourage and pre- 
serve the woollen and silk manufacturers, and which absolutely prohibited 
the wear of calicoes, under the penalty of hi. for each offence on the wearer 
and of 20/. on the seller." This statute was afterwards relaxed by 
9 Geo. II. chap. 4, and in the course of time the establishment of British 
cotton manufactures has rendered these prohibitory statutes nugatory. 

Upon the return of John Gumey to Norwich from this mission, the 
people had resolved to meet him twenty miles from the city, and escort 
him in his progress home ; but, hearing their intention, he determined to 
avoid this civic triumph, by arriving early in the morning, and so prevented 



A.D. 



1740.] 



HIS DESCENDANTS. 



555 



his fellow-citizens from starting. For this service, however, his portrait 
was engraved, and he obtained a high degree of personal and political 
popularity in the city. 

Modem political economists will be of opinion that John Gurney*s views 
on this question were fallacious, however much he may have distinguished 
himself on the occasion. He was in consequence of the talent he dis- 
played offered a seat in parliament by Sir Robert Walpole, with whom and 
with his brother Horace Walpole, of Woolterton, he Uved on terms of in- 
timacy ; but John Gumey declined the offer, as being incompatible- with his 
religious opinions. 

He died 23 January, o. s. 1740, aged 52, and his wife, Elizabeth Had- 
duck, 4 January, n. s. 1757, aged 66 ; their descendants were as follows : 



John Gurnet, of St. Augustine*s pariAh, Norwich.^ELiZABETH Hadduck, 



EuzABiTH, dan.^HENKT Gn&NET, LucT, dau.=^OHN Gubnet.^Ann 



of Benjn. Bart- 



of Norwich, died of Edmund of Brooke, died 
1777. Gumey. 1779. 



Kbn- 



EuzABETH, Mart, ma. Other ohil- 
ma. Francis Edward dren; died 
Freahfield. Pearce. young. 



Babxlbr Gubiist, Esq. of Cottishall, 
Norfblk; died s. p. 1803, and be- 
qiieatlied his estatea to the Ghumeya of 
Keswick; mar. 1 w. Hannah Chap- 
»2w. MaryCookiU. 



EuzABBTH, mar. Sarah, mar. Maria, died 

Joseph Cockfield. James Shep- 1804. 

Martha, mar. pard. Henrietta, 

John Birkbeck. Luct, mar. died 1828. 
Thos. Aggs. 



■I l l 
Elizabeth, mar. Sa- 
muel Alexander. 
Ann. 

Luct, mar. Thomas 
Kett. 






556 



JOSEPH GURNEY, OF KESWICK, 

SECOND SON OF JOHN GURNBT, OF ST. GREGORY'S PARISH. 

Joseph Gurney was born 24 March 1692. He was established by his 
father in St. George's Colegate parish, in a house in Magdalen Street, 
which was long inhabited by his descendants, and finally sold by his 
grandson, Richard Gurney, of Keswick. 

It was a quadrangular house of ancient appearance and doubtless an 
old mansion. The garden behind extended to the next street, and it was 
once the Dog tavern. 

He married at Norwich, the 2l8t of July 1713, Hannah Middleton, the 
daughter of Joshua Middleton, of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Gentleman, who 
was descended from a younger branch of the very ancient family of the 
Middletons of Belsay Castle^ in Northumberland. (Appendix XCIII.) She 
resided at Norwich with her brother-in-law, Pbregrine Tizack. Amongst 
those who were present at this marriage were Henry Davy and Miles 
Branthwaite, both connections of the West Barsham Gurney^.* 

She was a person of extraordinary beauty, and engravings of her and 
her husband were published. They had issue ten children, of whom six 
died in their infancy. The four who lived to grow up were John, Samuel, 
Joseph, and Hannah, bom 1714. 

In 1747 Joseph Gurney purchased Keswick from Staekhouse Tompson, 
ancestor of the present Charles Tompson, Esq. of Witchingham. 

This estate was afterwards added to by his grandson, Richard Gurney, 
who bought great part of the property that had belonged to the Hobarts 
of Intwood. Hudson Gurney, Esq. great-grandson of Joseph Gurney, is 
the present proprietor of Keswick. 

Although Joseph Gurney had not the distinguished talents of his elder 
brother, John Gurney, of St. Augustine*s parish, he was a man of excellent 



* Marriage Certificate of Joseph Gurney. 




f i^tf J*' r.'ii'i.j^t^'t 



.J. /J^ij-'^'r jf*: . 



i^"- i? ji; :?> ]b: ■iv".ar:fcir:5-;r .vy ;Kje: c"^^n:-.::r . 



A.D. 1747.] 



PURCHASE OF KESWICK. 



567 



abilities and of high character. He was a devout christian, and in his last 
illness, which was one of great suffering, he declared that it had been the 
business of his whole life to prepare far that time. He died in great peace 
m 1760. 




OLD HALL, KESWICK, NORFOLK, IK ITS ORIGINAL 8TATB. 



4 O 



558 



[part III. 



APPENDIX XCIII. 



ON THE MIDDLETONS OF BEL8AT, SILK8WORTH, AND NEWCASTLE-ON-TYNE. 



The family of Middleton of Belsay Castle, 
in Northumberland, is of high antiquity. Sir 
Richard Middleton was present at signing a 
deed made at ChoUerton, the 8th year of Alex- 
ander, son of Alexander King of Scots, in 
favour of Sir William Swinburne, of Caphea- 
ton, confirmed by Alexander King of Scots, 
1273. 

Gilbert de Middleton was one of the leaders 
of the border marauders in 1317, and Lord of 
Mitford Castle.* 

Sir Robert de Middleton and Home de Al- 
warthorpe were returned members of Parlia- 
ment in the 1 1th of Edward III. as Knights for 
YoriLshire, and had 10/. allowed them for their 
expenses in attending 26 days. 

Sir John Middleton of Belsfiy Castle became 
possessed of a large fortune by marrying ^Chris- 
tiana, said to be daughter and ultimately heir 
of Sir John de Stryyelin, Knight, a great com- 
mander under King Edward III. ; and who was 
summoned to parliament among the Barons of 
the realm 25th Feb., 1341, the 16th Edward 

in. 

In the I6th Edward III. John de Stryrelin 
wftB employed with others to treat of peace with 
the Soots. 

The 90th Edward III. he was with that king 
in hii fiuodouB expedition into Scotland, and had 
fommons to Parliament as a Baron of the realm 
from the 16th to the 44th Edward III. indu- 
sive, according to Dugdale and the lists of 
Summons; but none of his posterity had the 

* Tytler'fe HitUny of Sootland, toI. i. p. 845. 



like summons. His wife was Barbara, sister 
and co-heir to Adam de Swinburne, written 
Baron de Swinburne, the 20th Edward Il.f 

The Swinbumes take their name firom their 
ancient patrimony, Swinburne Castle, in North- 
umberland. Some have esteemed them Barons 
by tenure. Sir Adam de Swinburne, Knight, 
living the 6th Edward II. had issue Adam, 
written Baron de Swinburne, 20th Edward IL 
whose sisters and co-heirs were Barbara, wife 
of Sir John de Stryvelin, of Built Castle, 
above named ; Christian, the second wife of 
John de >^ddering. 
ton, and Elizabeth, 
the third wife of Wal- 
ter Heron, of Haddis- 
ton.:t 

The Swinbumes of 
Capheaton are of the 
same family. 

Swinburne bore, 
Party, per fess gules and argent, three cinque- 
foiles counterchanged. 

Stryvelin bore, Ar- 
gent, on a chief gules 
three buckles or. 

Sir John Middleton 
had issue, by Chris- 
tian his wife, a son of 
his own name, another 
Sir John Middleton, 
who in the 5th of 
Henry V. was one of the knights of die shire 

t Banka'fe Rztliiet BAronage, toI. L p. 410. 
X Ibid. vol. i. p. 176. 






n-j: n M&Miatm4ti bt Jf./ffm^Mir 



i/jfi JJ^'^ -f ■■ 



]OJLr/.T-.A.Jcr l-irj^jy;3iv,jr.]5;^c.ri)x?' '^y^HLl^m f3]? jr^v":i?:FJ5i: •.^"'•7}E.]r53!:X . 



APP. XCIII.] 



MIDDLETON OF BELSAY. 



659 



for the county of Northumberland ; and tram 
him descended another Sir John Middleton, of 
Belsay Castle, Knt. who was high sheriff of 
Northumberland the 1st of Edward IV. and 
served in Parliament for that county the 12th 
year of Edward IV. From him descends, in a 
direct line, the present Sir Charles Middleton 
Monk, Bart of Belsay Castle, who assumed 
the name of Monk. 

The Middletons of Silksworth, in the county 
of Durham, were a younger branch of the Mid- 
dletoniB of Belsay CasUe. Gilbert Middleton, 
third son of Thomas Middleton, of Silksworth, 
was mayor of Newcastle in 1530. 

Joshua Middleton, descended from this Gil- 
bert, married and had issue Joshua Middleton, 
of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, gent, who married 
daughter of Timothy Draper, 
of Newcastle, gent, by Eleanor, daughter of 
Thomas Liddell, of Ravensworth, Esq. ancestor 
of the present Lord Ravensworth. 

This last Joshua Middleton was the father 
of Hannah, wife of Joseph Gumey ; he had 
also a son Joshua Middleton, who married Isa- 
bella, daughter of John Doubleday, Esq. of 
Alnwick Abbey in Northumberland, by whom 




he had two daughters, Anne, from whom de- 
scended the Hewitsons, and Jane, wife of Cap- 
tain Gomelden, of a family in Kent.* 

Arms of Middleton, 
Quarterly gules and 
or, in the first quarter 
a cross patonce argent. 

Joshua Middleton, 
the father of Hannah, 
wife of Joseph Gur- 
ney, was bom at Dar- 
lington in 1647. He 
was brought up a Presbyterian, but embraced 
the opinions of the Society of Friends, for 
which he underwent imprisonment and much 
suffering. He died at Newcastle 22d 11th mo. 
1720. (January 1721, n. s.) He left a son 
Joshua Middleton, and another son John Mid- 
dleton, who was burnt to death in the Cross 
Kejs Inn, Gracechurch Street, London, where 
he was a lodger at the time the house was 
burnt. His daughters were Hannah, who mar- 
ried Joseph Gumey, and Elizabeth, who mar- 
ried Peregrine Tyzack, of Norwich. 

* PUjlur*8 English Baronetage, toI. ▼!. p. Ixxxir. ; 
Appendix ; and MS. penes D. Ourney. 



I insert the following Pedigree of the Family of Middleton from the best authorities I have 
been able to consult. 



560 



[part III. 



PEDIGREE OF 



It 




v^ 


J 



MIDDLETON. 



Aiucs. Quarterly gules and or, in the first quarter a cross patonce argent. 
Motto. Deo servire, regnare est. 



Sib Richa&d Middleton, present at signing a deed in 1273. 

Sib Robbbt Middleton, knight of the shire for Yorkshire 1338. 

Sib John Middleton, of Belsay Castle, Northumberland,^CHBi8TiAN, said to be dau. and heiress of 
died 20 Richard II. 1396. Sir John Stryrelyn, Knt. 



Sib John Middlbton, knight=p, 
of the shire for Northumber- 
land 1418, 6 Hen. V. 



Thomas db Middleton,* 2nd son of Sir John de^p , dau. and 

Middleton ; living anno 1415, and was settled at I heir of Sir Alan 
Silksworth. I Hayton. 



Sib John Middleton, of Belsay Castle, sheriff of=j 
Northumberland 1461, knt. of the shire 1473. 



... 



Thomas Middleton, of Silks-^EixiNOB, dau. of Row- 
worth, in the co. Durham. | land,sumamedTanpe8t. 



Richabd, 
s. p. 



ThomashF. 
Mid- 
dleton. 



1 w. Alicb,==Thomas^ w. Ann, 



da. of Ralph 
Hickliffe, 
s. p. 



Mid- 
dleton, 
of Silks- 
worth, 
ani470. 



d. of John 
Walker- 
field. 



WlLLIAM=j=, 

Middle- 
ton, of 
Silks- 
worth 



GlLBEBT MlDDLETONf^AllNB, 



Anne, married to Henry 
Rothell. 



Geffebt Mid- 
dleton, died 
without issue. 



who recovered from his 
brother Thomas all the 
lands of Sir Alan Hay- 
ton, which pertained 
to his granddiune ; was 
Mayor of Newcastle 
1530. 



Williams^ Lancelot Mid-=Annb, dau. Thomas. 



MlDDLE- 



n 

William. 
Richabd. 



DLETON, of Silks- I 
worth, was liv- 
ing anno 1563. 



John Fen- 
wick, Esq. 
of Walker. 



Gilbebt 
Middle- 
ton. 



Nicho- 
las. 
Leo- 



Mabqabet, m. 
Robert Lewin, 
of Newcastle, 
Esq. 



da. of 
Thos. 
Ryd- 
deU, 



chanty 
New- 
oaaOe. 



ISAIKL. 
EUZA- 



Elunob. 



Thomas Mid-=P., 

DLETON. 



Sir Robert Binclose, 
Knt. of Berwick Hall 
Lancashire. 



tryRoB] 

I, TON, 

i, hay ( 
J May 



Thomas, died 
young. 



Geobob Middleton,^B1aboabbt, da. of 
Esq. of Silksworth. 



Whitehead. 



Ann. 
constarcb. 



1 w. DoBOTHT, dau. of^RoBEBT Middle-=t=2 w. Mabell, 



Esq. of Bel- 
Gastle, ob. 11 
1628. 



RoBBBT Middleton, Esq. Sheriff of 
Northumberland 1653 ;ob. unm. 1656. 



dau. of John 
Ogle, of Ogle 
Castle, Nor- 
thumberland. 



GEOBOBPf=ELIZA- 
MlD- 



DLETON, 

of Silks- 
worth, 
Esq. 
anno 
1668. 



Adam. 



BETH, 

da. of 
Chris- 
topher 
Whar- 
ton, of 
Offer- 
ton. 



Gilbebt.^. . . 



I 

Joshua Middleton^- • • • 

Joshua Mii>-=^ , dau. of Timo- 
thy Draper, of New- 
castle, Gent, by 
EUeanor, da. of 
Thos. Liddell, of 
Ravensworth, Esq. 



DLETON, of 

Newcastle- 
on-Tyne, GK. 
bom 1647, 
died 1720. 



* This Pedigree is in possession of Sir Charles M. L. Monk, Bart., of Belsay Csstle, and is headed *< The Gene- 
alogy of the fiunily of Middleton of Silksworth, in the county of Durham, as taken and certified at the Visitation made 
in the year 1 530, by Thomas Tonge, alias Norroy, King at Arms for the north parts of England, and was afterwards 
confirmed in the 4th year of King Edward the Sixth, anno. 1551, by William Hervi, alias Norroy, King at Anns, ftc, 
and is since further continued down to the year 1721.** The descent of Joshua Middleton, of Newcastle, is given 
from funily papers in possession of the author of this Record. 



APP. XCIII.] 



MIDDLETON OF BELSAY. 



561 



Wt 



riLUAM, 

■.p. 

John, s. 

p. 

Thokab, 
db.l651, 
■• p. 



.J- 



1 w. Do-=Ralph =p2 w. IsA- GK0B6tf?s£uzA- AiicE, Francis^Joan, 



BOTHTjd. 

of John 

Ck>nsUt' 

ble, of 

Dromon- 

dy,York- 

•hire, 

9. p. 



Middle- 
ton, of 
Trewick, 
North- 
umber- 
land; Ob. 
about 
1652. 



rr 



BELL, da. MlD- 

of Am- DLETON, 

broee ofSilk»- 

Fenwick, worth, 

of West anno 



Matfen, 
North- 
umber- 
land. 



1628. 



Thomas, 1 w. =?:Sir Wil- =p2 w, 



s. p. Mart, 

RoBiBT, dau.of 

I. p. Tho- 

Went- 
worth, 
of 
Elm- 

York- 
shire. 



UAM MlD- 
DLETON, 

Bart, of 
Belaay 
Cartle, 
Sheriff of 
Northum- 
berland 
1666 ; ob. 
1688. 



r 



-r 



Doi 



BETH, mar. 

da. of John 

Thos. Gill, of 

Heath, Haugh- 

ofKel- ton, 

per, Gent. 
EBq. 



Mid. 

DLETON, 

who was 
settled 
at Offer, 
ton. 



J08HUA=ISABELLA, JoHN, 



Rowe. 



Mid- 
dle- 
ton, 
ofNew- 
castle, 
Gent. 



d. of John 
Double- 
day, Esq. 
of Aln- 
wick Ab- 
bey, Nor- 
thumb. 



s. p. 



n 

Hannah, 
ma. Jo- 
seph 
GJumey, 
1718. 
Euza- 

BETH,m. 

p. Ty- 
zack. 



Eliza- 
beth, 
dau. of 
John 
Mundy, 
ofMark- 
eaton, 
Derby- 
shire. 



iBOTHT, Chris- George 



ma. Wm. to- 
Lamsden, phbr, 
Esq. died 

Ann, mar. an in- 
Robert &nt. 
Fenwick, 
Esq. 
Catha- 
rine, ma. 
John 
Middle- 
ton, Esq. 



Mid- 

DLETON, 

ofSilks- 

worth, 

Esq. 



RORBBT, 
•• P- 

William, 

■• p. 
Thomas^ 

i.p. 
Matthew, 

•.p. 



UAM, 
8. p. 



W'lL- Sir ^Frances, 
John dau. and 
Mid- heir of 
DLB- John 
TON, Lambert, 
Bart. ofCulton 
in Cra- 
ven, 
York- 
shire, 
Esq. 



Eliza- 
beth. 
Mart. 
Mar- 
tha. 



n — 
George, 
died an 
infant. 
Thomas, 
died at 
London 
at 25, 
unmar. 
leaving 
his four 
sisters 
coheirs. 



:Anne, 


Eliza- 


da. of 


beth, 


Thomas 


died 


Ayr, of 


un- 


Bishop 


mar- 


Wear- 


ried. 


mouth, 


Anne, 


Gent. 


died 




an m- 




fant. 



r 
Rich-^=Cath- 

ERINE, 

dau. of 
Nicho- 
las Co- 
nyers, 
of 

South 
Bid- 
dick, 
Esq. 
living 
anno 
1729. 



ARD 

Mid- 
dle- 
ton, 
of 

Oflfer- 
ton, 
Esq. 



EUZA- 
BETH, 

ma. to 

Har- 
grave. 

Mar- 
garet, 
ma. — 
ofLon- 
don. 

ANN,m. 
C.Co- 
nyers. 



Jane, m. 
Captain 
Ch>mel- 
den. 

Ann, ma. 

Hewet- 

son, 

Gent. 



Elizabeth, mar. to William 
Ettrick, Esq. of Sunderland, 
1690; who became purchaser 
of Silksworth, living 1729. 

Anne, mar. to Francis Mid- 
dleton, of Seaton, G^nt. ; 
she was living 1729. 

Frances, ma. to Robert Hen- 
derson, Clerk, Vicar of Fel- 
ton in Northumberland ; she 
was living 1729. 

Margaret, m. to Thos. Dale, 

of Tunstall, Gent; liv. 1729. 



Francis, 
of Offer- 
ton, Esq. 
mar. Eli- 
zabeth, 
dau. of 
George 
Ship- 
perdson, 
of Bid. 
dick 
House, 
Gent. 



1 

Ralph, 

of com. 

Ebor, 

Clerk, 

1720; 

died 

1728. 



— I I I I 

Jane. 

Catharine, 
ma. to He- 
ron of Chip- 
chace. 

Margaret, 

ma. to 

Wharton, 
of Durham. 

Joan, mar. 
— Lamb- 
ton. 



Sn John Lambert Mid-^ , dau. of Sir 

DLRON, Bart, succeeded | Thomas Hodges, 
his brother. ~ 



ded Thomi 

Knt. 



Sir William Middleton,=j=Ann, dau. of William Ettrick, Esq. of Barbara. 
Bart. M.P. for Northum- Silksworth, Durham, and heiress of tlie Elizabeth. 
berland, 1714. Middletons of Silksworth. 



— , a da.==SiR George 
ob. 1796. Cooke, Bart. 



WiLUAM Lawrence, 
ob. 1789. 
Thomas Oolb, s. p. 



afth:y;jA 



Sir William Middleton, fifth^;JANE, dau. and heir of Lambert Monk, Esq. of 
Bart. mar. 1789. [ Caenby, Lincolnshire. 



Catharine, ob. 
1784, s. p. 



Sir Charles Miles Lambert Middleto: 
Monk, sixth Bart, took the name of Monk, 
and is now living. 



Louisa Lucia, dau. of Sir George Isabella- 

Cooke, Bart, of Wheatley, York- Cecilia. 

shire. Jane-Maria. 



N=y=L0 

L, Co< 
shl 



Louisa, ob. 1807. Charles Arncus, bo. 1805. 



562 



vV^-^> 



^''^^> 




OLD HALL, KESWICK, 80CTH SIDK. 



JOHN GURNEY OF KESWICK. 



John Gurney, eldest son of Joseph Gumey and Hannah Middleton, 
was born in 1716. He lived at Keswick, and at Norwich, in the house in 
Magdalen Street, in St. George's Colegate parish, and built the separate 
wing to the house at Keswick for the residence of his brother Samuel 
Gumey; in conjunction with whom he introduced into the Norwich 
manufactures the hand-spun yam of the South of Ireland. Mill or machine 
spun yam was then unknown ; and, notwithstanding the immense quantity 




A.D. 1747.] OLD HALL, KESWICK — WEST SIDE. 



563 




of hands in the counties of Norfolk and Suffolk, the hand-spun yam in those 
counties was found inadequate to the demand. The additional supply was 
received from C!ork and imported into Yarmouth through the activity of 
John and Samuel Gumey, aided by the advantages which a high character 
for integrity and a large capital could furnish. It is believed that at one 
time the population of the South of Ireland and the employment of the 
numerous weavers of Norwich depended upon the advantageous results of 
this connection, which greatly added to the wealth of this branch of the 
Gumey family. 



564 



JOHN GURNET OF KESWICK. 



[part III. 



John Gumey married, about the year 1739, Elizabeth, daughter of 
Richard Kett, of Norwich (App. XCIV.), by whom he had twelve children. 
Of these, eight died underage : viz. : Rachel, Joshua, Middleton, Hannah, 
Elizabeth, Joshua (second of the name), Joseph, and Henry-Kett. The 
other four lived to grow up, and were, Richard, John, Joseph (second of the 
name), and Rachel (second of the name), who married Robert Barclay, Esq. 
afterwards of Bury Hill, Surrey, a descendant of the celebrated Apologist 
for the Quakers, and of the ancient family of the Barclays of Ury, Kincar- 
dineshire, (App. XCV.) 

John Gumey died 22nd April, 1770, in his 55th year. Elizabeth Kett, 
his widow, survived him many years, and died m 1788. 

As I have now given a detailed account of the Gumeys of Keswick until 
this last-named year, and as this is strictly an antiquarian work, the 
narrative of this third part of our Record will finish here. The pedigree 
at page 523 brings the descent down to the present period. Amongst 
other families, the later generations of the Gumeys have intermarried 
with the Hanburys of Essex, (App. XCVI.) with that of the Hays Earls 
of Erroll, (App. XCVII.) the family of Cowper, and that of His Excellency 
Chevalier Bunsen, the present distinguished Prussian Minister at the 
Court of London. 





iiLMiyijriSomi 



' amn liiiam 



APP. XCIV.] 



RETT OF SEETHING. 



565 



APPENDIX XCIV. 



OH THE FAMILY OF RETT. 



This fiunlly w of great antiquity in Norfolk ; 
the name was originally spelt Cat,* Chat, Kett, 
or Knight. In the reign of King John, Roger 
le Chat, or le Cat, was possessed of the manor 
of Repton Hall, alias Cats cum Criketoffis, in 
Hevingham, in that county.f William le Cat 
owned it in 1275. Henry le Cat in 1285, after 
whom John Cat had it ; he was succeeded hy 
Henry le Cat, who in 1314 held it of Clare 
honour and Norwich see.t In 1316 this 
Henry had a charter for free warren for this 
manor, and died the same year, leaving Margery 
Us widow, who had her dower in it. In 1319 
she released her dower, and William Catt and 
Katharine his wife settled the estate on them- 
fdves for life, with remainder to Henry Catt, 
ton of William and Katharine, Thomas, Henry, 
and Robert, their other sons. In 1345, Sir 
Constantine de Mortimer was Lord of Rep- 
ton Hall manor in Hevingham, in right 

* The fiunily of Le Chat was probably of Norman 
erigin. We find Jean Le Chat witneesing a deed of gift 
of dO tons revenue to the convent of Ouche, in Nor- 
mukiAjf by Arioia, wife of Qautier de Hengleville. — 
Orderknu Vit. Caen edit. vol. iii. page 81. 

nbert de Chax, whose tombstone is at Laoock, was a 
tmmI of Bohan, and came from Chaz or Cats, in the 
niighboarfaood of Bohnn. — History of Lacock Abbey, 
by Bowles and Nichols, p. 352. 

A fiunily of the name of Le Cat were lords of Beuv- 
renll, near Gonmay, in the 15th oentuiy. — M. de La 
Mairie, Supplement to his Histoire de Oonmay, page 
482. 

t Blomefield, in Hevingham. 

X Robert Le Gat had an interest in Bezwell, temp. 
Hen. III. ; and Henry Cat, temp. Edw. I.— Blome- 
ileld, in Bexwell. 

4 



of his wife, the widow of William Cat; and 
their escutcheon, Mortimer impaling Catt, 
was formerly in At- 



Church 



-lis 
of 



ar- 







tlehorough 

windows. 

Or, fleur^ - de 

sahle— Mortimer 

Attleborough. 

Gules, three cats 

passant guardant 

gent — Catt. 

This marriage with one of the Lords Mor- 
timer of Attleborough proves the high station 

of this femily at that period. In 1418 Henry 

Cat of Hevingham was returned by the jus- 

tices of the peace as a 

proper person to serve 

King Henry V. in his 

war against France. 
His arms were. 

Gules, three cats 

passant guardant ar- 
gent. 

Henry Cat is in the 
list of Norfolk Grentry returned by Commis- 
sioners in 1433, temp. Hen. VI.§ He held 
Cattys manor in Smalburgh,|| and married 
Catharine, widow of William de Helveston, and 
had William Catt of Hevingham his son ; 
whose son Henry, dying young, left his two 
sisters coheirs ; they married Thetford and 
Yoxley, in which families the manor of Heving- 
ham continued. 

S Fuller's Worthies. 

N Norris MSS. in Smalburgh, Tunstead Hundred. 
E 




566 



JOHN GURNET OF KESWICK. 



[part III. 



A branch of this family was settled at 
Wymondham, and was, according to Blome- 
field,* one of the most ancient and flourishing 
there. In the 22nd Edw. IV. 1483, John Kett, 
alias Knight, was a principal owner in that 
place. After the dissolution of the monasteries, 
William Kett purchased Westwode Chapel, 
near that place, in 1546. This property was 
forfeited to the Crown at the rebellion, under 
Robert Kett, in 1549. 

The Ketts appear to have taken part in these 
commotions from a family quarrel with the 
Flowerdews of Hetherset ; Serjeant Flowerdew 
having caused a chief part of the abbey church 
at Wymondham to be pulled down, the Ketts 
opposing this, as principal inhabitants, and 
having in conunon with others purchased the 
materials of the church for its preservation.f 
The Flowerdews incited the people to lay open 
the inclosures of Kett, who resisting manfully, 
they chose him their leader. He and his 
brother William Kett were hanged in chains ; 
the former on the top of Norwich Castle, the 
latter on W3rmondham Steeple. 

The property of Westwode Chapel was 
restored to William, son of Robert Kett, and 
descended to his son Thomas, whose son 
Richard sold it in 1606. 

In 1570 a Thomas Kett revealed a plan of 
conspiracy against the new foreign settlers in 
Norwich.* 

This family seceded from the Established 
Church very early after the. Reformation ; for 
on the 14th of January, 1588, Francis Kett» 

* Blomefield, vol. iii. p. 258. 
t Ibid. vol. u. p. 521. 
t Ibid. vol. iii. p. 284. 



Master of Arts, was burnt at Wymondham for 
heretical opinions, then become very common 
in this county from the influx of Protestant 
refugees. It is remarkable that Westwode 
Chapel, the former property of the Ketts, was 
used as the Quakers' Meeting House, on the first 
appearance of that sect at Wymondham, and 
the one now used is very near ]t.§ 

After leaving Wymondham the Ketts had 
property at Stoke-Ferry and other parts of 
Norfolk. Richard Kett was one of the collec- 
tors of Ship-money in 1637, for the hundred of 
Forehoe.|| 

Robert Kett, of Wicklewood, was among the 
Norfolk Conunissioners for several ordinances 
in 1643 ; and for collecting an assessment of 
60,000/. by Act of Parliament in 1657, 
amongst the Commissioners for Norfolk, is 
Thomas Kett, Gent. ; and for Norwich, Richard 
Ket, GentH In 1694, Richard Kett, grand- 
son of Richard Kett who sold Westwode 
Chapel, owned property at Roughton near 
Cromer, sold by his son Henry Kett, which 
Henry had estates at Dickleburgh in 1729, 
still possessed by the family, and he purchased 
Seething in 1747, which estate was much 
enlarged by his son, Thomas Kett, Esq. whose 
son George Samuel Kett, Esq. of Brooke, now 
holds it.** 

A pedigree of Kett is subjoined, according 
to present sources of information. 

§ Ibid. vol. U. p. 505. 

II Norris MSS. CoUeot. of Norfolk Papers, vol. ii 
p. 19. — Ship-money. 

f Norris MSS. Extracts of Journals of the House 
of Commons. 

** Papers in possession of Mr. Kett. 



APP. XCIV.] 



KETT OF SEETHING. 



56/ 



PEDIGREE OF 




KETT. 



Or, on a few, between three leopard^s heads erased affiront^ azure, a lion paasant argent. 

RooBE Le Chat, temp. John, Lord of Repton Hall manor in Hevingham, Nort 

Robert Le Cat, temp. Henry III. owned lands in Bezwell. 

WiLUAM Le Chat, 1275, in Hevingham. 

Henet Le Chat, 1285, held lands in Hevingham and Bex well. 

John Catt. 

Henet Le Cat, 1814, ob. 1316.=pMaro£ET, living 1319. 



ROBBBT. 



John. Wiluam Le Cat.^=Cathaeine, whose 2nd husband was Sir Constantine Mortimer, 1345. 



i.^G 



MABOABEr, Prioress of Carrow Abbey. 



Henbt Catt.^. • . . 



1 

Thomas. 



Heney. 



Robert. 



Henbt Catt, 1418 — 1433.=pCatharine, widow of William de Helverton. 

I r-' 1 

K. N. a daughter ; marr. Yoxley. Wiluam Kett, died young. N. N. a daughter, marr. Thetford. 

1483, John Kett, of Wymondham. 

1545, William Kett, of Wymondham. 



ROBEBI Kett, hanged as a rebel, 1549. y .... William Kett, hanged at Wymondham.^=CATHARiHB. 
Wiluam Kett, temp. Edw. yi.=T=. . . . 



Thomas Kett, 1570.=?=. 
I ' 



Francis Kett, M.A. burnt at Wymondham, 1588. 



Richard Kett, 1606, sold the property at Wymondham.^. . . 



RoBEBT Kett, 1643. Richard Kett, 1637.=f=. • . . 



' BiCHABD Kbit, of Norwich, son or grandson of the Ist Richard, 1657.^. . 



J- 



Thomas Kbit, Oent. 1657. 



Richard Kett, of Norwich, 1694.^Maetha, dau. of John Hopes (of Amsterdam ?) 



Elizabeth, marr. John 
ihaaej, of Keswick. 

Martha, marr. Edmund 
OhunBjf ot Norwich. 



Henbt Kett,^. . . . dau. of George Phillips, of Stoke-Ferry, by • 



d. 1772. 



• Plumstead, a 



near relation of the Penns ; his fiither or grandfkther an officer in 
Cromwell's army. The Ketts used to poss e ss his pardon and still have 
some relics of William Penn from this source. 



1 w. LucT, dau. of John Qumey, ofs=THOMAS Kett, Esq. of Seething,^2 w. Hannah, dau. of Samuel Gumeyv 



Norwich. 



ob. 1820. 



,-l-i5 W, 



JuUANA, marr. Charles Tomp- Geoboe Samuel ^Mabt, dau. and heir of • 
son, Esq. Kett, Esq. F.S.A. Milford, Esq. 



Anna-Maria, marr. Charles 
Barolay, Esq. 



568 



JOHN OURNEY OF KESWICK. 



[part III. 



APPENDIX XCV. 



ON THE FAMILY OF BARCLAY. 



The Bunily of the Barclays of Ury is descend- 
ed firom Theobald de Berkeley, who was living 
in the reign of David I. King of Scotland, about 
the year 1140 : whether or not the Berkeley s of 
Scotland were a younger branch of the Berke- 
leys of Berkeley in Gloucestershire is not posi- 
tively known, but it is believed that they were 
the male junior branch of that family ; the heiress 
of the elder line marrying with Fitz-Harding 
the present noble house of Berkeley. 

Other accounts say Theobald de Berkeley 
was the son of Roger de Berkeley, ef Berkeley 
Castle, driven out at the Conquest, and who 
refuged himself in Scotland, when his posses- 
sions were g^ven to Robert Fitz-Harding, who 
married the daughter of Roger Berkeley, of 
Dursley, a cadet of the family, and whose 
descendants used the name of Berkeley. 

Humphrey de Berkeley was eldest son of 
Theobald ; he had an only daughter Richenda, 
as appears by grants to the monks of Aber- 
brothick. From John de Berkeley, another 
son of Theobald, descended the Berkeleys, or 
Barclays, of Mathers. Of these, Alexander 
Barclay, of Mathers, was living in 1483, and 
was author of the following lines : — 

Giff thou desire thy houae lang stand 
And thy suooessors bniik thy Und, 
Abive all things lief God in fear, 
Intromit nought with wrangous gear. 
Nor conqaeas nothing wrangously, 
With thy neighbour keep charity ; 
See that thou pass not thy estate. 
Obey duly thy migestrate ; 
Opprev not, but support the puire, 
To help the oommon-weill take cuire ; 
Use no deceit, mell not with treason. 
And to all men do right and reason; 
Both unto word and deed be true. 
All kind of wickedness eschew ; 



Slay no man, nor thereto consent, 

Be nought cruel, but patient ; 

Allga ay in some good place 

With noble, honest, godly race. 

Hate huirdom, and all rices flee. 

Be humble, haunt guide company ; 

Help thy firiend, and do nae wrang. 

And God shall cause thy house stand lang. 

From this Alexander Barclay was descended 
Colonel David Barclay, who married Katharine 
Gordon, daughter of Sir Robert Gordon, of 
Gordonstown, who was second son to the Earl 
of Sutherland, and by her had Robert Barclay, 
the celebrated Apolog^t for the Quakers. 
Robert Barclay, the Apologist's eldest son, 
inherited the family estate at Ury. David the 
second was a merchant in London, his descend- 
ants are settled at Bury Hill in Surrey : this 
last had a younger son, David Barclay, of 
Youngsbury in Hertfordshire, who by Martha, 
daughter and heiress of John Hudson, had an 
only daughter Agatha married to Richard 
Gumey of Keswick, by whom he had Hud- 
son Gumey, now living. 

The Hudsons, the heiress of which fiunily 
David Barclay married, came from the neigh- 
bourhood of Arundel. One female married 
with the Colebrookes, of Chilham Castle, Kent, 
and the late Sir George Colebroke represent- 
ed that branch. John Hudson, whose daughter 
was wife of David Barclay of Youngsbury, mar- 
ried the heiress of the Barkers ; a branch of 
the Suffolk baronets. Of these Barkers the 
male line became extinct at Lisbon ; the 
Lords Henneker representing onefemale branch, 
and Hudson Gumey another, which is de- 
scribed as of All-Hallows Barking, Elaaez. 
The subjoined pedigree of Barclay is chiefly 
copied from Manning and Bray's Surrey. 



APP. XCV.] 



BARCLAY OF URY. 



569 



PEDIGREE OF 




BARCLAY. 



Ature, a chevron argent, in chief three croeses pate^ of the Moond. 



KoesB DB Bbbkelet, of the Anglo-Saxon race, poesened Berkeley Oastle in GlouceiterBhire, in the reigusp 
of WilUam the Conqueror, whoie ion or grandson was 



Mgny 



from 1110. 



Theobald db BBRKBLET=rN. N. Aucb.=Mauiuce Fitz-Hardino, temp. Hen. II. had 

a grant of the Berkeley estates, and assumed 
that name. From him descends the funily of 
the Earls of Berkeley. 



John ds Bkrkblby, settled in the^N. N. 
Meame. 



btfyl^ 



HuvPHRBT, eldest son ; marr. Agatha, by 
whom a daughter, Richenda. 



Robert db Bbrkblbt, ob. 1216.^N. N, 



r 



Hugh db Bbrkblbt, had a charter from Rol 
Bruce. 



Albxakdbr db Bbrkblbt, first possessed: 
Mathers in right of his wife, bom 1826. 



>bert;y] 



Iatharinb, sister of William Keith, Marischall of Scotland. 



Datid db Bbrkblbt, 1879.^ dan. of Sir William Seaton. 



ALBXAifDBR DE Bbrkblet, 1407.^Hblen Grjemb, dau. of 



Datid db Bbrkblbt, built the castle at MatherB,^ELiZABBTH Stracham, dan. of 
1488. 



l,yU 



Graeme, of Morphie. 

Strachan, of Thorton. 



Alexander, altered the name to Barclay in 1467.SpKATHARiNB, dau. of Wishart, of Pittarrai. 

Datid Barclat, 1488.^pJANET, dau. of ^— - Irvine, of Drum. 
Alexander Barclat, 1497.^Marobrt, dau. of James Achinlech, Laird of Glenberrie. 



Georob Barclat, of Mathers, 1520.^MARaBRT, dau. of Sir James Ochterlony. 



TZ^ 



1 w. Mart, dau. of Rait, of Halgreen.^DAViD Barclat, of Mathers, 1547.^. w. Catharine Hume. 

r^aOBOK DABX^UkYf OX-p2 W. XUAJIOAABT VT OOD, JOHN BaRCLAT, of 

ofBieofain. | Mathers, 1560. I of Bennington. Johnstone. 



1 w. Mart, dau. of Sir Thomas ErBkine,^GB0ROE Barclat, of^ w. Marqaret Wood, 
of Bieofain. I Mathers, 1560. I of Bennington. 

Thomas Barclat, ob. vit. pat.SpjANET, dau. of Strachan, of Laureston. Georqe Barclat, of Baidgton 

I anil .f AAlra*A«i 



and Jackston. 



Datid Barclat, bom 1580 ; sold Mathers after 300 years' possession, and^EuzABETH, dau. of —^ Livingston, 
the old ftmily estates after 550. I of Dunlpace. 



a-T-j!iL] 
of] 



570 



JOHN GURNBY OF KESWICK. 



[part III. 



Jambs, killed at the Datid Babclat, bom 1610 ; entered the=T=KATHA&iNB Gordon, 



battle of Philips- Swedish service ; Lieut-Col. under Charles 
haugh ; unmarried. I. ; purchased Urie, 1647 ; M.P. for Angus 
and Kincardineshire ; ob. 1683. 



dau. of Sir Robert 
Gordon, of Gordon- 



Robert, died at 

Paris, unmarried. 

John, died abroad. 



John, settled in East Jer- 
sey, ob. 1781 ; left three 
sons. 



RoBEBT Barclay, Governor for lifei^pCHRisnAN MoLU- 
of East Jeney ; Apologist for the 
Quakers ; ob. 1690. 



Datid, died un- 
married in 1685. 



John, settled in Dublin ; 
left one son. 



Robert Barclat,cpEuzabeth 1 w. Ann^Dayid Barclay, mer-=^ w. PRisaLLA 



bom 1672. 



J 



Brainb. 



Taylor. 



Hick- 
man. 



John, Robert =t=Una Came- James, ob. Alexan- ^Ann 

RON, dau. 1766 ; mar. der Bar- 

of Sir Evan and left clay, ob. 

Cameron, Joseph and 1768, 

ofLocheU. Alexander, letat. 57, 

who both in Ame- 

died, s. p. rica. 



chant in London. 



Frbame. 



H 



died Barclay, 

unmar- bom 

ried. 1699 ;ob. 

Datid, 1760. 
s. p. m. 



n— 
Datid, 

ob.s.p. 

1805. 
Etan, 

ob. 

s.p. 

1805. 



John =fSu8an- Datid Bar-^ 



Bar- 
clay, 
ob. 
1787, 
seUt. 
59. 



nah 

WlL- 

LEtr. 



CLAY, of 

Youngsberry, 
youngest son 
of David Bar- 
clay, merchant 
of London. 



dan. 
and heiresa 
of John 
Hudson, 
by the 
heiress of 
theBaricera. 



1 w. =RoBEBT ^ W.Sarah 1. w. ^Robert = 2 w.- Robebt^FAnn Datid, Aoa.=t=Rich- 



i—r 

James Al- 

LARDYCE, 

died at 
Ceylon, 
sp. 
Patid 
Stewart, 
of the 
42ndRegt. 
of Foot; 
bom 
1787, 
died s. p. 



Lucy 


Barclay, 


Anne Al- 


Ra- 


Bar- 


M.P. for 


LARDYCE, 


chel 


clay. 


Kincar- 


dau. of 


GUR- 




dineshire; 


James Al- 


NBY. 




bo. 1781, 


lardyce, of 






ob. 1797. 


AUardyce. 





Robert: 
Babt 

CLAY 

Allab- 

DYCE, 

present 



of Urie, 
through 
his 

mother, 
heir to 
the Earl- 
doms of 
Airth 
andMon- 
tdth. 




Barclay, 
Bury Hill, 
Surrey ; 
ob. 1830, 
St. 80. 



Mar- Bar- 

oaret clay, . 

Hod- bom 

SON. 1758. 



Hudson 
Gumey, 
Esq. of 
Keswick. 
Rodney, 
a daugh- 
ter. 



\ I I 
Datid, marr. 

Maria, dau. 
of Sir Head- 
worth WiU 
liamson, 
Bart.; has 
three sons. 
GURNEY, ob. 
1820 ; mar. 
Mary, dau. 
of John 
Freshfield, 
Esq. 

Alexander, 
died un- 
married. 



Ford. s.p.m. 



THA 

Bar- 
clay. 



CHARLEflP^ANNA. 



Bar- 
clay. 



Maria 
Kett. 



. I r I 

Robert Barclay, marr. 
Elizabeth, dau. of 
Joseph Ghimey, Esq. of 
Lakenham Giove, Nor- 
folk ; has issue three 
sons. 

Ford Barclay, marr. 
Esther, dau. of WUliam 
Reynolds, of Canhalton 
House, Surrey ; has 
issue one son. 

Abraham Rawunson 
Barclay. 

John Barclay, 
1. Georgina HUl 
Maiy — ; has 
two sons. 



ARD 
GUR. 
NEY, of 

Kes- 
wick, 
Nort 



Hni>-=MABUA- 

SON, ret, 

GuR. dau. of 
NEY, Robert 

Barclay^ 

ofUri^ 

and 

sister of 

the pre- 

sent 

pos- 



Esq. 



Arthur Kett Barclay, marr. Octavia, 
dau. of J. Wright, Esq. 



Robert, marr. Raoheli dan of Osgood 
Hanbury, Esq. 



Charles, died Thomas 
nnmarried. GaoBtfE* 



APP. XCV.] 



BARCLAY OF URY. 



571 



It will be seen by tbe foregoing pedigree, that 
Robert Barclay, Esq. of Ury, married Sarah 
Ann, sole daughter and heiress of James 
Allardyce of AUardyce. This lady was heir 
of the Earls of Strathem, Menteith, and 
Airth. 

These earls were descended from David the 
eldest son of Robert II. King of Scotland by 
Euphemia Ross, his second wife. He was 
ereated by his father Earl of Strathem 1371. 
He had an only daughter married to Sir 
Patrick Graham, by whom she had a son, 
Malise Earl of Strathem, who was by James I. 
of Scotland, in 1427, divested of the Earldom 
of Strathem, and created Earl of Menteith ; 
from him descended William, 7th earl of 
Menteith, to whom Charles I. restored the 
Earldom of Strathem in 1630 ; but soon after, 
jealousy arising from the royal descent of this 
funily, this was set aside, and he was created 
Earl of Airth in 1633, with the precedency of 
Menteith (1427). William, third Earl of Airth, 
dying without issue, the right to that Earldom 
Mi to his sister the Lady Mary Graham, who 
married Sir John Allardyce of Allardyce, in 
1662, from whom descended Sarah Ann Allar- 
dyoe, married to Robert Barclay, Esq. of Ury 
Castle, Kincardineshire, by whom she had 
several children.* 

* Wood's Edition of Douglass' Peerage of Scotland. 
Art. Airth and Menteith. 



Buchanan f states, that upon the death of 
his wife Euphemia Ross, Robert II. mar- 
ried Elizabeth More, daughter of Sir Adam 
More, then become the widow of Lord Gifford, 
her last husband ; by her the King had had 
children previous to his own first marriage ; these 
children he caused to be legitimatised after his 
marriage with their mother ; and, as they were 
older than his children by Euphemia Ross, the 
eldest of them succeeded to the kingdom, under 
the name of Robert III. A reference however 
to the several dispensations in the Vatican 
proves that Robert had first been married to 
Elizabeth More, and that Euphemia Ross was 
his second wife. 

Nevertheless, this disputable marriage be- 
tween Robert II. and Elizabeth More ex- 
cited the fears of Charles I. as to his title to the 
Scotch Crown, which he showed by depriving 
^lliam, 7th earl of Menteith, descended 
from the eldest son of Robert II. by Euphemia 
Ross, of his titles in 1633, the said Earl of 
Menteith being reported to have said that <* he 
had the reddest blood in all Scotland.*' 

Anns of Graham Earls of Airth and Men- 
teith are. Quarterly 1 and 4 argent, in a chief 
sable, 3 scalops or, Graham ; 2nd and 3rd, or, a 
fess chequ6 azure and argent, in chief a 
chevron gules for Stewart of Strathem. 

t Lib. 9, sec. 42. 



572 



[part III. 



PEDIGREE OF THE 
EARLS OF 




STRATHERN, MENTEITH, 
AND AIRTH. 



1 w. EuzABBTH, dan. of Sir Adam More.^EU>BEBT the Second, Kii 

I of Scotland. 






ng=j=2 w. 
I Rom. 



EupHEKiA, dan. of Hugh Eaii of 



Robert III. King of Scotland. David, Earl of Strathem.^, . 



Waltbb, Earl of Athol. 



Euphehia, CounteflB of StMthem.=f=Si& Patrick Graham, killed 1418. 



^ 



Malise, Earl of Strathem,=pLADT Ann Verb, dau. 
deprived in 1427, and created of Heniy Earl of Ox- 
Earl of Monteith. ford. 



Ladt Euphemia, marr. 1. Archi- 
bald, Earl of Douglaw ; 2. James 
Lord Hamilton. 



Ladt Euzabbth* 
marr. Sir John 
Lyon, of Qlamii. 



Walter Sir John Graham, Alexander, Master of Menteith, died a hostage at^MATiLDA, dau. of Thomaa 
Graham. of Kilbride. Pontefraot Castle, 1453, during his father^s lifetime. Lord Erskine. 



Alexander, Earl of MeDteith.=r=MAROARET, dau. of Walter Buchanan, of Buchanan, 



r 



UJ. 



Walter Graham, of Gbutmore. 



William, Earl of Menteith, died 1587.=pMaroaret, dau. of Mowbray, of 

I Bambougle. 

Gilbert Graham, Robert Graham, John, Earl of Mcu-^Marion, dau. of Ladt Maboaret, marr. Archi- 
of Gartmore. of Gbutmore. teith, killed 1547. j George Lord Seton. bald, 4th Earl of Aigyll. 

• r ' 1 1 

William, 5th^MAROARET, dau. of Sir James Ladt Mart, marr. Ladt Chrishan, marr. 
Douglas, of Drumbanrig, relict John Buchanan, of Sb William Livingston, 



George Gra. 
HAM, of Reid- 
nock. 



Earl of Men- 
teith. 



r 



of Lord Crichton. 



Buchanan. 



of Kilsyth. 



John, 6th Earl of Menteith, died 1598.St=Mart, dau. of Sir John Campbell, of Glenarohy. 

. ' 



Hon. Sir Jambs Graham, 
marr. Lady Margaret Ers- 
kine, dau. of James, 6th 
Earl of Buohan. 



WiLUAM, 7th Earl of Menteith ,^Agnes, dau, 



r-T— I 

Hon. Archibald Graham. 
Hon. Sir James Graham. 
Hon. Sir Charles Gra- 
ham. 



restored Earl of Strathem in 1680, 
which was reversed 1683 ; and he 
was created Earl of Airth and Men- 
teith, with precedency of 1427. 

T-r T :: rr-T 



of Patrick 
Lord Gray. 



Ladt CHRtsiiAif, 

marr. Sir ■ 
Blakadder, of Tnl- 



JOHN LORI>=pLADT MaRT 



KiNPONT, 

murdered 
1644, vit. 
pat. 



Keith, dau. 
of William, 
6th Earl of 
Mariachall. 



Ladt Mart, marr. Sir John Gunpbell, of 
Glenarchy. 

Ladt Margaret, marr. Alexander Lord Gar- 
lies. 

Ladt AifN, marr. Sir Mungo Murry, of Blabo. 



1 w. Ann^Willlam, 2nd Earl of=2. w. Catherine, dau. Ladt Mart,=t=Sir John Allar- 

Hews. Airth and Menteith, of Thomas Bruce, of ob. 1720. dtce, of Allar- 

died s. p. 1694. Blanhall. dtce. 



Ladt Euzabbth, 
marr. Sir William 
Graham, Bart, of 
Gartmoor. 



John Allardtce, of Al- 
lardyce, marr. Elizabeth, 
dau. of William Barclay, 
of Balmakon, ob. s. p. 
1691. 



George Allardtce,=pLadt AnneOgil- 



nm 



succeeded his brother ; 
M.P. for Kintore, in 
the last Scotch Parlia- 
ment. 



VIE, dau. of James, 
Rarl of Findlater 
and Seafleld. 



Mart, marr. Sir Alexander Ogilvie, 
of Forglen. 

Helen, marr. ob. 1748. 

Anne, mar. John Gordon, of Breakly. 
Margaret. 



APP. XCV.] 



BARCLAY OF URY. 



573 



John. 
William. 



r 



Jambs Allardtck, of ALLAitDTCB,^MABT, dan. of Robert Anna. Kathaiune Mart, nuurr. 
succeeded his &ther 1709. I Mill, of Balwyllie. Helen. Euzabbtb. Andrew Hay. 



n 



Jambs Allardtce, of Allardyce, ^Ann, dau. of James Barclay, of Ma&t, marr. 1788, James Macdonald, Sheriff 



married 1756, died 1757. 



r 



J 



London, Banker. 



Substitute for Kincardine. 



Sarah Ann Allardtcb, of Allardyoe, sole heiress, marr. 1776.^Robert Babclat, of Ury, Kincardineshire. 



Dayid Jambs Al- 

Stuabt labdtcb, 

Babclat, Babclat, 

ob. 1827. Ob. 1804. 



Robebt Babclat 
Allardtcb, of 
Ury and Allar- 
dyoe. 



Maboaret Babclat Allardtcb. 



=Mart 

DUL- 
OARN. 



—1 

Anne. 

ob. 
1781. 



Une Cameron, marr. 
John Innes, of Cowie, 
in Kincardineshire ; 
has three daughters. 



1 n 

Margaret, marr. Mart, 
Hudson Gumey, ob.l799. 
Esq. of Keswick, Rodnet. 
Norfolk. 



A Daughter, died young. 



APPENDIX XCVL 



ON THE FAMILY OF HANBURY. 



The Hanburys derive their name from Han- 
bury or Henbury Hall, in Worcestershire, 
where their ancestors were anciently seated. 
According to the Red book of the Bishopric of 
Worcester, Roger de Hanbury was bom there 
in 1125, and his descendant Galfridus re- 
sided there about the middle of the fifteenth 
century* 

About the year 1500, the possessor disin- 
herited his brothers, and left the estate to a 
natural daughter. 

Richard, the eldest brother, became a gold- 
smiUi in London ; his son Capel Hanbury 
fbunded the Iron works at Pontypool, in Mon- 
mouthshire, about 1565, from whom descend 
the present Mr. Hanbury Leigh, of Pontypool, 
and Lord Sudeley, of Gloucestershire. Of this 
ftmily was the celebrated Sir Charles Hanbury 
Williams. 



A branch of the Hanburys of Pontypool 
settled in Essex, on marrying the heiress of the 
Osgoods of Oldfield Grange, near Coggeshall. 
Of this family, who were Quakers, was Rachel 
Hanbury, wife of Richard Gumey. 

Collateral branches of the Hanburys were 
seated in Worcester- 
shire and at Kilmarsh 
in Northamptonshire ;♦ 
the latter now created 
Lords Bateman. 

The arms of Han- 
bury are. Or, a 
bend engrailed vert, 
cotised sable. 

* Cozens Tour in Monmouthflbire, p. 285, where is a 
fuller account of the HanboiTi. 




4 V 



574 



JOHN 6URNBY OF KESWICK. 



[part III. 



APPENDIX XCVII. 



ON THE HAYS, EARLS OF ERROLL, 



The ancient family of the Hays is commonly 
asserted to have originated in the reign of 
Kenneth III. of Scotland, ahout 980. The 
Danes having invaded Scotland were en- 
countered by the King near Loncarty in 
Perthshire, and the Scots being worsted and 
hard pressed, retreated before the enemy to a 
narrow pass, when a countryman and his two 
sons, with no other arms than the yokes of their 
oxen with which they were ploughing, defended 
the pass, until the Scots army had time to rally, 
and the Danes were consequently defeated ; in 
reward for which service the neighbouring 
territory of Erroll in the Carse of Gowrie was 
given to them, being as much land as a falcon 
should fly over without lighting. That this is 
a legendary tale is proved by the fact that the 
original grant of the manor of Herroll or 
Erroll, in Perthshire, states it to have been 
given by William the Lion, in 11 80, to William 
eldest son of William Haya, King's butler. 

The fable probably arises from the arms of 
this £unily, which are, Argent, 3 plain shields 
gules. 

The falcon for a crest, and the two country- 
men with yokes for supporters, were adopted in 
consequence of the story.* 

According to Fordun, the battle of Loncarty 
took place in 1263, between Alexander III. 
King of Scotland, and Hacho King of Norway, 
who certainly invaded Scotland at that time.f 

The Hays of Scotland are in fact a branch 
of the Anglo-Norman Hays, who came into 

* Douglas's Scotch Peerage, Art. Erroll. 
t Tytler's History of Scotland, vol. i. p. 82. 



England with William the Conqueror, and 
derived their name either from La Haie-Belle- 
fond, near St. Lo, or more likely from La Haie- 
du-puits, near Coutances in Normandy, where 
they had a castle and territory. 

The Lords of La Haie-du-puits were barons 
of great power, and nearly related to the Dukes 
of Normandy before the Conquest : but there 
does not appear any notice of any individual of 
this family before Richard Turstan Halduc^ 
baron of La Haie-du-puits, who founded the 
monastery of Lessay in the Cotentin about the 
middle of the 11th century; his son was Qdo 
Capel, Odo cum Capello, baron of La Haie, 
the Eudo Dapifer of Domesday book. Richard 
de la Haie and Matilda Vernon his wife were 
founders of the Abbey of Blanchelande, near 
La Haie-du-puits, and were there buried at the 
end of the 1 2th century. 

It is a singular fact that the barons of La 
Haie-du-puits were hereditary constables of Nor- 
mandy, as their descendants afterwards became 
hereditary Lord High Constables in Scot]and4 

The Castle of La Haie-du-puits is still in 
existence, although much dilapidated. 

The l^re de la Haie was at the battle of 
Hastings, and is mentioned in the Roman de 
Rou ;§ his name was Raoul, and he was Senes- 
chal to the Count of Mortain. In a Ust of 
Knights who accompanied Robert Curthose 
into the Holy Land, given by Du Moulin in 
his Histoire de Normandie, are several Hays.' 

t Memoires de la Soci6t6 des AntiqiiAries de Nor- 
mandie, vol. it pp. 56—68, and 213. 

$ Pluquet^ edition of Roman de Rou, vol. ii. note at 
page 258. 



.APP. XCVIl.] 



HAY EARL OF ERROLL. 



576 




CASTLE OF LA HAIK-DU-PUITS. 



Among others are Monsieur Jean cle la Haye- 
Hue, d'argent a trois escussons de gueulles. 

Monsieur Hue de la Haje de Villebadin, de 
gueulles a trois escussons d'argent, grenet6 d'or. 

Monsieur Jean de la Haye d'Agneaux, sem- 
bleable k un quartier de Coulonces.* 

* Le lire de Coulonces, fet»6 d'ai^nt et d^azure de 
six pieces^ 



Robert de Haye, son of Raoul de Haye 
above mentioned, was a great Anglo-Norman 
baron in the reign of Henry I. He had large 
possessions in Normandy, and in the counties 
of Sussex and Lincoln in England. His second 
son Ralph was General of the Forces of Henry, 
son of Henry II. when in rebellion against his 




676 



JOHN GURNET OF KESWICK. 



[part III. 



&ther. Richard de Haye, the eldest bod, left 
only daughters.* 

Malcokn Canmore invited into Scotland 
many Normans, who were glad to settle there 
from causes of discontent in England. This 
was ahout the year 1086. These Normans 
were rewarded with forfeited estates hy Malcolm 
Canmore. Hence the origin of many of the 
Scotch nobility, of the Hays amongst others, 
unquestionably .f 

The first of the family of the Hays who 
occurs in Scotland is William de Haya, who 
possessed estates in Lothian at the end of the 
12th century, and was pincema regis, or King's 
butler, to Malcolm IV., and William the Lion. 
He had two sons, William, and Robert 
ancestor of the Marquis of Tweedale. William 
the eldest son had a grant of the manor of 
HeroU or ErroU from William the Lion, as 
before stated. From this William descended 
Sir Gilbert de Haya of Enroll, who, being a 
fiedthful adherent of King Robert Bruce under 
all the vicissitudes of his fortune, was about the 
year 1308 created by him hereditary Lord 
High Constable of Scotland, and the King 
moreover granted to him the lands of Slains in 
Aberdeenshire. Sir Thomas Hay, his grandson, 
married Elizabeth daughter of King Robert II. 
by Elizabeth More; from him descended 
William Hay, Constable of Scotland, who was 
created Earl of Enroll in 1442 by James II. 

Francis eighth Earl of Enroll was a man of 
great and courageous spirit. He was a Roman 
Catholic, and, in conjunction with the Earl of 
Huntly, defeated the army of King James VI. 
(First of England) atStrathaven,3rd Oct 1594. 
He was banished afterwards, but returned to 

* Dugdale*b Baronage. 

f Histoire de la Conqnete de TAngleterro par les 
Normands, par M. A. Thierry, vol. ii. page 280. And 
Talee of a Grandfather, vol. i. page 56. 



Scotland in 1596, and built the Castle of 
Slains, in imitation, as is said, of a house in 
France in which he had resided. 

William ninth Earl of Enroll, his son, lived 
in so splendid a manner that he was obliged to 
dispose of his paternal estate of ErroU, granted 
to his family by William the Lion. 

Gilbert tenth Earl of Erroll resigned his 
office of Constable and title of Erroll into the 
King's hands, and in 1666 received a charter 
thereof, whereby they descended to his own 
issue, but failing that, to any heir he should 
appoint under his hand. Having no children, 
he appointed his cousin Sir John Hay of 
Killour his heir ; who became the 1 1th Earl of 
Erroll. Charles his son, 12th Earl of Erroll, 
died unmarried in 1717. 

His eldest sister Mary became Countess of 
Erroll, and dying without issue, the earldom 
fell to James Lord Boyd, eldest son of the 
unfortunate Earl of Kilmarnock, by Lady Ann 
Livingstone, daughter of James Earl of 
Linlithgow and Calender, by Lady Margaret 
Hay, only sister of Mary Countess of Erroll. 
Lord Boyd took the name of Hay, and was 
14th Earl of Erroll. His great-grandson is 
the present Earl (1847), who, as Constable of 
Scotland, is by birth the first subject in that 
kingdom after the blood royal, and, as such, 
has a right to take place of the holders of every 
other hereditary honour. 

In the notes to a book of poems published 
in 1822 by John Hay Allan, Esq. a High- 
land gentleman, are many notices of family 
history — amongst others, of the Hays— taken 
from a MS. history of the Hays, which he 
quotes. He says, the Gaelic name of the clan 
was Mac Garadh, and of the chief Mac Mhic 
Garadh Mor Und Sgithan Dearg, «< the son of 
the son of Garadh of the red shields ;" the 
name Garadh in Gaelic having the same 



APP. XCVII.] 



HAY EARL OF ERROLL. 



577 



meaning as Haie in Norman French — a hedge 
or barrier. And Mr. Allan conjectures the 
djkB or hedge which the husbandmen defended 
to have originated the name. Moreover, he 
saysy one of these Garadh went into Normandy 
and accompanied William the Conqueror into 
Bnglandy and thence Malcolm Canmore into 
Scotland ; and that he inherited the lands of 
Enroll from the chief of the clan na Garadh, 
who died without heirs, whilst he was there. 
This seems an improbable story, but it is Ukely 
the Norman name of De la Haye was translated 
into na Garadh by the Scotch. 

I subjoin the war song of the clan na Garadh, 
red race of the Tay, which was first published 
by J'. H. Allan, Esq. copied from an old leaf 
pasted into a MS. history of the Hays ; but I 
cannot vouch for the authenticity of it : — 

THE GATHERING OF THE HAYS. 

" Mao Qaradh, Mac Oaradh ! red race of the Tay, 
Ho gather, ho gather, like hawks to the prey ! 
Mao Qandh, Mao Oaradh, Mac Garadh, come fiurt, 
The flame'k on the heacon, the hom^s on the blast ; 
The standard of ErroU unfolds its white breast, 
And the fidcon of Loncartie stirs in her nest : 
Ck>me away, come away, come to the tryst. 
Come in, Mac Garadh, from east and from west 

Mao Ghuradh, Mac Ghuradh, Mac Garadh, come forth, 
Come from your homes, from south and from north ; 
Come in all Gowrie, Kinoul, and Tweedale, 
Dromelzier and Naughton, come locked in your mail ; 
Come Stuart, come Stuart, set up thy white rose, 
Killonr and Buckcleugh, bring thy bills and thy bows : 
Come in, Mao Ghuradh, come armed for the fray. 
Wide 18 the war-cry, and dark is the day. 

QUICK MABCH. 

The Hay !* the Hay ! the Hay ! the Hay ! 
Mao Gandh is coming, give way I give way ! 
The Hay! the Hay ! the Hay! the Hay! 
Mao Garadh is coming, give way ! 

* The war cries of ancient fitmilies were often their 
own names. 



Mao Ghuradh is coming, dear the way. 
Mac Ghuradh is coming, hurrah ! hurrah ! 
Mac Ghuradh is coming, clear the way, 
Mac Garadh is coming, hurrah ! 

Mac Ghuradh is coming, like beam of war, 
The blood-red shields are glinting far ; 
The Stuart is up, his banner white 
Is flung to the breeze like flake of light ; 
Dark is the mountain's heather wave. 
The rose and the misle f are coming brave ; 
Bright as the sun which gilds its thread, 
King James's tartan is flashing red : 
Upon them, Mac Ghiradh, bill and bow ! 
Cry hollow, Mac Garadh ! hollow ! hollow ! 

CHABOE. 

Mac Gkiradh is coming like stream from the hill, 

Mao Garadh is coming, lance, clay-mor, and bill, 

Like thunder's wide rattle. 

Is mingled the battle, 

With cry of the falling, and shout of the chai^, 

The lances are flashing, 

The clay- mors are clashing. 

And ringing the arrows on buckler and targe. 

BATTLE. 

Mac Ghuadh is coming ! the banners are shaking. 

The war-tide is turning, the phalanx is breaking, 

The ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦•are flying, 

" Saint George ! " vainly crying. 

And Brunswick's white horse on the field is borne 

down. 
The red cross is shattered. 
The red roses scattered, 
And bloody and torn the white plume in its crown. 



Far shows the dark field like the streams of Caime Gk>rm, 
Wild, broken, and red in the skirt of the storm ; 

t The misletoe, the badge of the Ebys. Formerly 
there grew a large ancient oak in the neighbourhood of 
ErroU which was fiill of this plant ; a spray of misletoe 
from this oak, cut by a Hay, had certain charms ; and 
it was affirmed when the root of the oak had perished, 
" the grass should grow on the hearth of Enroll, and a 
raven should sit in the fidcon's nest." The oak is gone» 
and the estate lost to the fiunily ! 



578 



JOHN GURNEY OF KESWICK. 



[part III. 



Give the spur to the steed, 

Oive the war cry its holleu, 

Cast loose to wild speed, 

Shake the bridle and follow, 

The routes in the battle, 

Like blast in the cloud. 

The flight^s mingled rattle 

Peals thickly and loud. 

Then hoUeu ! Mac Garadh! holleu, Mac Garadh ! 

Holleu ! hoUeu ! holleu ! Mac Garadh ! '' 

Mr. Allan says, the '< Gathering of the 
Hays" was set to the family war march of 
the Earls of Enroll. The two first stanzas are 
of considerable antiquity ; a Gaelic version of 
the first was seen by Mr. Allan ; the second 
was composed subsequent to the year 1646, 
when Hay of Yester received the title of Twee- 
dale. The rest of the poem is said to have 
been written by Captain James Hay, in 1715, 
when the Earl of ErroU attended the erecting 
of Prince James's standard in the braes of Mar. 

It will have been observed from the foregoing 
account that the present family of the Earls of 
ErroU are in the male line Boyds, Earls of 
Kilmarnock, which title was forfeited, in the 
rebellion of 1745, by William 4th Earl of 
Kilmarnock. 

They descend from Simon, the brother of 
Walter, first High Steward of Scotland, and 
youngest son of Alan, son of Flathald. This 
Simon witnessed the foundation deed of the 
monastery of Paisley, 1160. Robert his son 
was called Boyt or Boyd, from his fadr com- 
plexion ; from the Celtic Boxdh^ signifying fair 
or yeUow. From him descended Sir Robert 
Boyd, who had a grant of the lands of Kilmar- 
nock, &c. by King Robert I., 1306. His 
descendant, Robert Boyd of Kilmarnock, was 
created Lord Boyd by James III. in 1469. 
His son Thomas Boyd married the daughter of 
King James II. and was created Earl of Arran ; 



but fidling into the bad graces of his brother- 
in-law James III. he died in exile in England 
in 1474 ;* he left two children, who died with- 
out issue, and his brother Alexander Boyd 
succeeded to the paternal inheritance. William 
9th Lord Boyd, his immediate descendant, was 
created Earl of Kilmarnock in 166L His 
grandson William, drd Earl of Kihnamock, 
distinguished himself by his loyalty to the 
Hanoverian family in the rebellion of 1715; 
indeed this family were Presbyterians, and there 
exists a banner or standard which belonged to 
them, with the inscription, << The Covenant and 
King." William, 4th Earl of Kilmarnock, was 
seduced by the persuasions of his wife, the 
Lady Anne Livingstone, daughter of the Earl 
of Linlithgow, a zealous Jacobite, to take an 
active part in feivour of the pretender Charles 
Edward in 1745. He surrendered himself at 
the battle of Culloden, was convicted of high 
treason, and executed on Tower Hill, August 
1 746. By his attainder the estates and honours 
of the family were forfeited to the crown. 

His son Lord Boyd, after the death of his 
mother, became Idth Earl of ErroU. He in 
vain endeavoured to recover the lands of Kil- 
marnock and Linlithgow. His great-great- 
grandson is the present Earl of ErroU (1847). 

The arms of the Boyds Earls of Kilmarnock 
were. Azure, a fess 
chequ^, argent and 
gules. Crest, a dexter 
hand erect, couped at the 
wrist, pointing with the 
thumb and two next 
fingers, the others turn- 
ing downwards. Sup- 
porters, two squirrels 
proper. Motto, Confide. 

* See an account of him in the Paston LeCten. 




APP. XCVII.] 



HAT EARL OF ERROLL. 



579 



PEDIGREE OF THE EARLS OF ERROLL. 



William db Uayjl, eetUed in Lothian about UTO.^uliana, dau. of Randulph de Soulis, Lord of Liddeedale. 

BoBBBX DB Hata, ancestor of the Marquis of William de Hat a, to whom Elrroll was granted, IISO.^Eva. 

Tw«edale. I 



Thomas, marr. 

Robert. 

Malcolm. 



WiLUAM, marr. Ada. 
John db Hat a, of Ardnaugbton, marr. 
Juliana de Lascelles. 



Datid de Hata,^Helen, dau. of Gilbert 
1237. Earl of Strathem. 



Wiluam, ancestor of the 
Ha^s of Lees. 



J' 



Ada. 



Gilbert de Hata, Lord of Enroll, and Regent of^, 
Scotland, in minority of Alexander IIL 1255 



I Earl of 



dau. of William Cumyn, 
' Buchan. 



Sib John de Hata. 



Nicholas de Hata, of ErroU; 



T'" 



— I 
Hugh. 



Nicholas, a 
priest 



Sib Gilbert de Hata, created hereditary high constable of Scotland, 1308 ; had^ 
Slains given him by King Robert Bruce. 



Sib David de Hata, of ErroU, Constable, &c. ; killed^. . .. 
in baUle of Durham, 1346. peffei 

|— 



T 



dau. and heir of Sir John Keith, of Inner- 



SiB Thomas Hat, of Elrroll, Constable, &c. ; died 1406.^Elizabeth, dau. of King Robert II. of Scotland, by 

I Elizabeth Moore. 



Gilbert Hat, of Dronlaw. 
Alicia, marr. Sir William Hay, 
of Lockarret. 



Sir William Hat,=j=Margaret, dau. of Sir 



Constable, &c. ; ob. 
1436. 



Patrick Gray, of Brox- 
mouth. 



Elizabeth, marr. Sir George 

Leslie, of Rothes. 
N. N. marr. John Leslie. 



WiLUAM Hat, of Ury, Kincar- 
dineshire. 



Gilbert Hat, ob. 
England, 1426. 



; a hostage in=pALiciA, dau. of Sir William Hay, of 
Yester. 






Gilbert le Hat, of Ury, marr. Beatrix, 
dau. of Sir John Dunbar, of Crethmond. 

l.w. Ladt^Wiluam,^ w. Ladt Eliza-=3. w. Mar- 
3rd Earl beth Leslie, 

dau. of George 
1st Earl of Rothes, 



William Hat, Constable, &c. ;^Beatrix Douglas, dau. of Charles, 
created Earl of Erroll. 1452. j 3rd Lord Dalkeith. 



Gordon, 
dau. of 



2nd Earl 
ofHuntly. 



of Erroll, 
ob. 1506. 



by whom he had 
lAdy Marianna, 
who marr. David 
7th Earl of Craw- 
ford. 



CARET, 

dau. of 
Andrew 
Ker, of 
Auldtown- 
bum. 



Nicholas,=Ladt Eliza- 
2d Earl of beth Gor- 



ErroU, 
died 1470, 
s. p. 



don, dau. of 
Alexander 
Ist Earl of 
Huntly. 



Ladt Elizabeth, marr. 

1 h. Andrew Lord 

Grey ; 2 h. George 2d 

Earl of Huntly. 
Ladt Margaret, marr. 

Alexander Frazer, of 

Philorth. 
Ladt Isabel, marr. 1st 

Lord Oliphant. 



Thomas Hat,=^Maroaret Lo- Wiluam, 4th Earl of^Elizabeth, dau. of 



of Logic Al- 
mond. 



GIB, of Logyal- 
mond. 



Erroll, killed at Flodden 
Field, 1513. 



WUIiam 1st Lord 
Ruthven. 



John Hat, of Broganlesh. 
Ladt Beatrix, marr. Alex- 
ander Keith, of Innerugie. 



1 w. Maboa-^^eobob, 6th=2 w. Helen, dau. of Walter Bruce, William,^Ladt Helen 



dau. of 
Alexander 
Robertson, of 
Strowan. 



Earl of Elrroll, of Pitcullen, by whom he had Lady 
by an express Jean, who married, 1 h. John Les- 
entail, 1574. lie, of Balquaire ; 2 h. James Lord 
Baifour, of Clonawley. 



5th Earl 
of Erroll, 
ob. 1530. 



Stuart, dau. 
of John 3rd 
Earl of Len- 



1 w. Ladt^Andrew,^2 w. Ladt 



Janb Hat, 
dan. of 
WiUiam 
5th Earl of 
Erroll. 



7th Earl 
of ErroU. 



Agnes 

SlNCLAIB, 

dau. of 
George 
Earl of 
Caithness. 



■" I ' I ' I n 
John Hat, of Muchils. 
George Hat, of Ardlethen. 
Thomas, parson of Turreff. 
Ladt Elizabeth, marr. William Keith, son 

of William 4th Earl of Blarishall. 
Ladt Margaret, marr. Lawrence 4th Lord 

Oliphant. 



William, 
ob. vit. 
pat. 



Ladt Isabel, 
marr. Sir 
William 
Forbes, of 
Tolquhoun. 

1 

Ladt Jane 
Hat, marr. 
Andrew 
7th Earl of 
Erroll. 



580 



JOHN GURNEY OP KESWICK. 



[part III. 



1 w. Lady Ann=Pranci8, 8th=2 w. Lady Maii-=j=3 w. Lady 



Stuabt, dau. 
of John 4th 
Eariof Atholl. 



Earl of £r- 
roU, at Bat- 
Ue of Glen- 
linch, 1594, 
ob. 1631. 



GARET Stuart, 
dau. of James 
Earl of Moray, 
Regent of Scot- 
land. 



William, 9ih=pLADY Ann 



Earl of ErroU, 
sold lands at 
Erroll, ob. 
1636. 



Lyon, da. 
of Patrick 
Ist Earl of 
Kinghom. 



George Hay. 
Francis Hay, ob. 

1682. 
Lady Ann, marr. 

George Earl of 

Wintoun. 



EUZABETH 

Douglas, da. 
of William 
Earl of Mor- 
ton. 



Lady Christian, marr. 

John Eax\ of Mar. 
Lady Euzabeth, marr. 

Hugh Lord Sempell. 
Lady Helen. 
Lady Margaret. 



r-r-| 

Alexander, ob. 
vit. pat. s. p. 

Thomas, s. p. 

Lady Helenob, 
marr. Alexander, 
Ist Earl of Lin- 
lithgow. 

Lady Isabel. 

Lady Sophla, 
marr. John Vis- 
count Melgum. 

Lady Mary, mar. 
Walter Earl of 
Bucdeuch. 



Georqi^Euzabbth» 



Hay, of 
Kellour. 



dau. of 
Ptttriok 
Cheyne of 
Esslemont. 



ANDREWnrMABOA- 

Hay, of 

Kellour. sister of 
Geoig6 
1st Lord 
Kin- 
naird. 



Gilbert, 10th Earl of ErroU, ob. 
1674, s. p. ; marr. Lady Cathe- 
rine Camegye, dau. of James 2d 
Earl of Southesk. 



Lady Margaret, marr. Henry 
Lord Ker, son of Robert Earl 
of Roxburgh. 



r 



John, 11th Earl=^LADY Anne Drumxons, 



of ErroUy ob. 
1704. 



i—n 

Charles, 12th Earl of ErroU, died 

unmarried, 1717. 
Hon. Thomas Hay, s. p. 
Hon. James Hay, s. p. 



dau. of James 8rd Eaii 
of Perth. 



Mary, Countess of Erroll, ob. 1758, 
s. p. ; marr. Alexander Falconer, 
2nd son of Sir David Falconer, of 
Newton. 



Lady Mar-=pJames, 5th Earl of 



GARET Hay. 



Linlithgow, and 4th 
Earl of CaUender. 



William, 4th Earl of Kilmarnock, executed on Tow< 
HiU, 1746. 



ei^! 



Lady Ann Living- 
stone. 



James Lord L1TINO01OII1, died 
young. 



1 w. Rebecca, dau. of Alexander=JAMEs Lord Boyd,^=2 w. Isabella, dau. 



Lockhart, of Craighouse ; by whom 13th Earl of Er- 

Lady Mary Hay, marr. 1 h. G^ne- roU ; bom 1726, 

ral John Scott, of Balcomie ; 2. ob. 1773. 
Le Comte de CrennevUie. 



George, 14th 
Earl of Erroll, 
ob. 1798, 8. p. ; 
marr. Eliza, 
dau. of Joseph 
Blake, of 
Ardfry, co. 
Gal way, and 
sister of Ist 
Lord Walls- 
court. 



of Sir William Carr, 
of Etall, Northum- 
berland, Bart. 



Hon. Charles Botd ; marr. 

1 w. A French Lady ; 2 w. 

Ann Lockhart, of Craighouse. 
Hon. William Botd. 



1 w. Jane, dau.=WiL- ^=2 w. ALi-=y=3. w. 
of Matthew liam, cia, dau 

Bell, Esq. ; by 15th of Samuel 

whom Lady Jane Earl of Eliot, 
DulcibeUa, mar. Erroll. Esq. 
Rev. Charles 
Nourse Wode- 
house, Preben- 
dary of Nor- 
wich. 



James Lord Hay, kUled at Quatre Bras, 

17 June, 1815. 
Hon. Samuel Hay, Capt7th Royal Fusiliers. 
Lady Alicia, died young. 
Lady Isabella, marr. Lt.-Gen. WiUiam 

Wemyss. 
Lady Harriet Jemima, marr. Daniel 

Giimey, Esq. of North Runcton, Nor- 

foUc. 



Lady Charlotte, marr. Rev. William Hol- 
Har- weU, of Exeter. 
RiET, Lady Isabella Anne, ob. 1793. 
sister Lady Augusta, marr. George Earl of Glasgow, 
of Lady Harriet Jane, bom 1768. 

Hugh Lady Jemima, ob. 1824. 
Lord Lady Flaminia, marr. George James, Esq. 
So- Lady Frances, ob. 1773. 
mer- Lady Maria Euzabeth, marr. Rev. Geoig« 
viUe. Moore. 

Lady Margaret, marr. Charles Cameron, Esq. 



Lady Caroune, marr. 
John Morant, Esq. of 
Brockenhurst, Hants. 

Lady Emma, marr. 
James Erskine 
Wemyss, Esq. of 
Wemyss and Torrie, 
Fifeshire. 



William =FEliza 

George, 

16th Earl 

of ErroU, 

bo. 1801, 

died 1846; 

created 

baron KU- 

mamook. 



TT 



I 

William Harry, 
17ih Earl of 
ErroU. 



Lady Adelaide Augusta, marr. Viscount Campden, son of 
Earl of Gainsborough. 



Fitz- 
Cla- 

RBNCS. 



Lady Augusta 
Agnes, marr. 
James Duff, Esq. 



Hon. and Ret. 80- 

MERYILLB HaT, 

marr. Lady Alida 
Erskine, dan. of 
Earl of Buchan. 

Lady Fanht Hat. 

Lady Maboarb, 
marr. Frederick 
Lnahington, Esq. 

I 
Ladt AUGB. 



APP. XCVII.] 



HAT EARL OF ERROLL. 



581 



PEDIGREE OF BOYD, EARLS OF KILMARNOCK. 



FLjLTHAL .= . 



Alak .=.. 



Walteb, lit High Steward SiMOir, brother of Waltbb.=. . 
ot Scotland. I 



RoaxB BoYT, or BoTD, 1205.=., 

KOBBBT BOTT, 1265.= 



ROBEBT BOTT, 1297.=. 



Sib Robbbt Boyd, of Kilmarnock, 1306.=.. 



Alait Boyd, 1339. Sib Thomas Boyd, taken prisoner at Durham, 1346.=. 



Jakbs Boyd, 1342. 

William Boyd, ancestor of Boyd, of Sib Thomas Boyd, of Kilmar-=ALiCB, dau. and heir of Sir Robbbt 
Badeneath, 1366. nock, 1409. j John Qifford, of Yester. Boyd. 

Sn Thomas Boyd, of Kilaiamock, hostage for James I.= Joana, dau. of Sir John Montgomery, of Ardrossan. 

William Boyd, Abbot of Glenwinning. Sib Thomas Boyd, killed 1493.= 



SiBALEXAia)EBBoYD, RoBSBT, Ist Lord Boyd, On the=MABiOTA, dau. of Janet, marr. MABaABBT,ma. 
of Dnncow, executed Regency to James Ist, and liis I Sir Robert Max- John Maxwell, Alexander Lord 
1469. favourite for a time. | well,ofCalderwood. ofCalderwood. Montgomery. 



Alxxakdsb =. 
BoYD,ofRales- 
toon and Kil- 
marnock, 1492 
and 1505. 



dau. of 
Sir Robert Col- 
ville, ofOcde- 
tree. 



Thomas, Earl of At- 
ran, created 1467; 
died in exile, after 
the overthrow of the 
Boyds, 1473. 



>y I y y ^ 

=Maby, dau. of Abchibald, of Bon- Annabslla, 
King James II; shaw. marr. Sir 

she after marr. Elizabeth, marr. John Qor- 

James Lord Archibald, Earl of don, of 

Hamilton. Angus. Lochinvar. 



Robbbt BoYD,=HELEir, dau. of Sir Thomas Boyd. 
restored Lord I John Somerville, of Adam Boyd. 
Boyd, 1536. | Cambusnethan. 



James Boyd, Lady Qbizel, marr. 1. h. Alexander, 
died s. p. 4th Lord Forbes; 2. h. David, Ist Earl 

of CassiUis, s. p. 



Robbbt, 4th Lord Boyd, 1582.=Mabiota, dau. of Sir 
I Glins. 



John Colquhoun, of Mabgabbt, mar. John Montgomery, 
of Lanishaw. 



f V *■ Y V V ^ 

Robbbt, Master of Boyd, Thomas 5th=MABGAB£T, dau. Egidia, marr. Hugh, 4th Earl of Eglintoun. 



ob. dr. 1550. Lord Boyd, 

Robbbt Boyd, of Bade- ob. 1611. 



of Sir Matthew Agnes, marr. Sir John Campbell, of Loss. 
Campbell, of Chbistian, marr. Sir James Hamilton, of Eyandale. 
Loudoun. Elizabeth, mar. John Cunningham, of Drumquhassell. 



/ — v^ 

SSr Thomas Boyd, 
ofBedlay. 
Adam Boyd. 
JoHV Boyd. 



1 h. Robbbt,: 
Master of 
Boyd, 1597, 
ob. vit. pat. 



Lady Jean Keb,=2 h. David, 
dau. of the 2nd Earl of 
Earl of Lothian. Crawford. 



Mabion, marr. James, Ist Earlof Abercom. 
Isabel, marr. John Blair, of Blair. 
AoNES, marr. Sir George Elphinstooe, of 
Blythswood. 



Jambs, 8th=CATHABiNB, dau. 1 w. Maboabet, dau. of Robert=RoBEBT, 6th=2w.LADTCHRiSTiANHAMiLT0N, 
Lord Boyd, I of James Crick, Montgomery, of Giffen, relict Lord Boyd, I relict of Robert, 10th Lord Liud- 
ob. 1654. I of York, Esq. of Hugh, 5th Earl of Eglintoun. ob. 1623. | sey, of Byres. 



Eta, marr. 
Sir David 
OimiuiMr- 
bam, of 
Roberts- 
land. 



William, 9th=LADT Jean Robebt,=LadtAnnb Helen, ob. 1647. 



Lord Boyd, 
created Earl 
of Kilmar- 
nock, 1661. 



CuKNiNO- 7th Lord 
ham, dau. Boyd, 
of William, ob. s. p. 
9th Earl 1640. 
ofGlen- 



Flbmmino, Aones, marr. Sir George Morrison, of Darisie. 
dau. of Jean, marr. Sir Alexander Morrison, of Pres- 

Jobn, 2nd ton Grange. 

Earl of M ABIAN, marr. Sir JamesDundas, of Amistoun. 

Wigton. ISABBL, marr. 1 h. Sir John Sinclair, of Steven- 
ston ; 2 h. John Grier, of Lag. 
CHBttTiA2r,iDarr.Sirl)^^U]am Scott» of Harden. 



584 



JOHN GURNET OF KESWICK. 



[PABT III. 



APPENDIX C. 



Since printing the account of Francis Gur- 
ney of London, page 624, the following do- 
cuments respecting him have been obtained 
from the records of the Court of Wards in the 
Bolls Chapel ; by the latter, it appears he was 
a member of the Merchant Taylors' Company. 
No. 1. 

6 August, 1623. Bond by Francis Gurnaye, 
of the city of London, merchant, to Sir Owen 
Smyth, of Irminglan, Norfolk, for £100 : To 
release and bear harmless the said Sir Owen 
from the joint bond in which he was bound 
with the said Francis Gurnaye to pay £50 to 
Sir Hamon le Strange, of Hunstanton, Nor- 
folk, on the 29th September 1625. 

(Signed) Fba: Gubkat. 



No. 2. 
] 1 July, Chas. I. (1634.) Indenture be- 
tween " Fraunces Gumay, of LondoD, Mar- 
chant Taylour," and Sir Owen Smith, of L-- 
mingland, in the county of Norfolk. Whereas 
the said Francis Gumay had (on the day pre- 
vious) sold and granted to John Bobinson (of 
Sail, Norfolk) all his manors, lands, &c. in the 
counties of Norfolk and Suffolk, for the term 
of one month, the said Francis Gumay, for 
£1,000 to him paid by the said Sir Owen 
Smith, grants, assigns, and sets over all his 
aforesaid manors, lands, &c. to the said Sir 
Owen Smith, his heirs, &c. to their only pro- 
per use and behoof. Seal gone. 
(Signed) Fba: Gubhat. 



END OF PABT III. 



PART IV. 

THE GOURNAYS OF SOMERSETSHIRE. 



FROM THE SURVEY TO THE REIGN OF HENRT IV. 




SITE OF THE CASTLE OF THE OOURNATS AT INOLISHCOMBB. 

** Un coorage indomt^ dans le coeur des mortels, 
Fait ou les grands heros, on les grands criminels.** 

Voltaire. 



4 H 







ROBERT DE GOURNAY, THE SECOND, 

Jh>m kit Monument, 

AND SIBILLA DE GOURNAY, 

/yomkfrSeaif 

III TUB THIBTBElfTR CKIfTURY. 



PREFACE 



THE FOURTH PART. 



The descent of the Goumeys of Somersetshire is discoverable by tracing 
the successive lords of the manors of Barew-Gurney and Inglishcombe, in 
that county. 

Nigellus held these manors at the Survey under the Bishop of Coutances.* 
In the Exon Domesday, which was compiled from the same original rolls 
as the great Domesday, but at greater length, this Nigellus is called 
Nigellus de Gumai,*' and was undoubtedly the ancestor of this branch of 
the Goumays. There is no proof of the degree of relationship in which 
he stood to the Norman Barons of Goumay, but we think there can be 
little doubt of his being of the same race. Three of that family are 
described as being present at the battle of Hastings ; ^ whom we take to 
be this Nigellus de Goumay, together with the elder Hugh de Goumay 
(IL) and his son Hugh (III.) It is very possible Nigellus might be 
another son of the elder Hugh. 

Hawisa de Goumay possessed the manors of Barew and Inglishcombe 
in the reigns of Stephen and Henry II. ; and in a deed of hers preserved 
in Madox's Formulare Anglicanum, she mentions her father Robert de 
Goumay.^ This Robert we presume to be the son of Nigellus. 

It is worthy of remark that Hawisa de Goumay, although thrice married, 
always retained her paternal surname of Goumay. Her first husband, by 
whom she had a son who died under age and unmarried, was Roger de 
Baalun ; her second, as we believe, was Robert Pitz Harding, by whom she 
had an only daughter Eva de Goumay, wife of Thomas, son of William de 

• Domesday, vol. i. pp. 88, 89. »> Exon Domesday, pp. 69, 183, 134, 136. 

*^ Duraoulin's Hist, of Norm. p. 185. ^ No. 100, page 64. 



588 PREFACE TO THE FOURTH PART. 

Harptree, who like her mother retained the name of De Gournay and 
transmitted it to her descendants The name being at that time considered 
illustrious from the great Baronial House that bore it.* 

Eva's son Robert de Gournay united eventually in himself the great 
inheritances of the three houses of Gournay of Somersetshire, the Barons 
of Harptree, and the Fitz-Hardings of Were, and was one of the most 
opulent and powerful nobles in the Western counties during the reign of 
Henry III. He held twenty-two knights' fees in the counties of Somerset, 
Dorset, and Wilts, besides many in Gloucestershire.** His principal castles 
were those of Beverstone, in the latter county ; of Inglishcombe and of 
Richemount, in East Harptree, in Somersetshire. Robert de Gournay died 
53d of Henry III., 1 270 ; and from him sprang in the direct male line three 
several houses of the Somersetshire Goumays, as his son Anselm had three 
sons, among whom he divided his heritage. 

1. John the eldest was of Harptree; he had an only daughter married 
to Ap'Adam. 

2. Robert de Gournay the second son was of Overwere; his male 
descendants failed in the reign of Richard II. when the heiress of this line 
married Bythemore, and again the heiress of Bythemore married Perdval, 
in the reign of Henry VIII. The present Earl of Egmont represents this 
branch of the Gournays. 

3. Thomas de Gournay of Inglishcombe was the third son of Anselm. 
This family has become by far the most celebrated historically, from 
producing the notorious Regicide Sir Thomas de Gournay, one of the 
murderers of Edward II. ; and his son, the distinguished warrior Sir 

<^ The name of De Gournai was obviously retained by them as being of Norman origin. The 
Harptrees being in fact without a second name. See the importance of a second name or surname 
in the opinion of the early Anglo-Normans, exemplified in the conversation, as g^ven by Robert 
of Gloucester, between Henry I. and Mabella Fitzaymon, heiress of Sir Robert Fitzaymon, who 
objected to marrying Robert, natural son of Henry I., because he had no hereditary surname. — 
Robert of Gloucester's Chronicle, p. 431. 

Hereditary surnames distinguished the proud Normans from their Saxon vassals : the Saxons 
not having second names. — Thierry, Hist, de la Conqu^te d'Angleterre, vol. ii. p. 382 and 430. 

^ Dugdale's Baronage, vol. i. p. 431. 



ARMS. 



589 




Matthew de Goumay, so often mentioned in the wars of Edward III. and 
the Black Prince. 

A fourth branch of the Goumays descend from Hugh de Goumay, a 
younger son of Eva and Thomas de Harptree. This family also became 
extinct in the male line in the time of Henry IV., and were represented 
by the knightly race of Newton or Caradoc. 

The Goumays of Somersetshire bore for arms. Paly 
of six pieces, or and azure. 

This coat of arms has been attributed to the Anglo- 
Norman Barons of Goumay, but I have found no positive 
proof of their having borne it. I am disposed to think 
it was the distinctive bearing of the Goumays of 
Somersetshire.* 

The earliest use of the Pales that has come under our notice is in the seal 
of an original letter of Robert de Goumay, in the reign of Henry III., 
preserved in the British Museum. There is over all the label of an eldest 
son, which shows his mother to have been alive, and that the arms were 
hers, as his father s family used a cross, or a saltier flory, as is to be seen 
in the seals of the ancient charters of these Harptrees. Which coat Robert 
de Goumay appears not to have borne : he probably adopting the name 

» The only proof as to the Anglo-Norman Gournays having borne Paly of six pieces which I 
have met with exists in the Church of Maple-Durham, Oxfordshire, which was one of their 
principal manors (see page 212), inherited from them by the Bardolfs. In the windows of the 
church there are several coats of arms ; amongst others : Gules, 3 cinquefoils or, which I consider 
18 that of Bardolf, with a variation of colour ; and Paly of six, azure and argent, over all, on a 
beod sinister gules, an etoile or in chief. This may possibly be intended for the arms of 
Goumay. The glass in question appears to be of the date of Edward III. 





590 



PREFACB TO THE FOURTH PART. 



and arms of his maternal ancestors. The junior branches made use of 
differences to distinguish themselves from the elder line ; thus : 



\ 


\ 


k 


1 


) 


1 



\ I r i^r 



IMTLf 




f 




De Goumay ; Paly of six, or and azure. 

Robert de Goumay ; Paly of six, with the label of eldest son for difference. 
From a seal. 

Thomas de Gournay, of Over were ; a fleur-de lis on the third pale for 
difference. From a seal. 




\ 


\ 


k 


^ 


) 


I 




Thomas de Goumay, of East Harptree ; over all a bend charged with 
three etoiles for difference. From a seal. 

Sir Matthew de Goumay ; Paly of six, or and gules. From the glass of 
his chapel at Stoke under Hampden. 

Sir Thomas Gorney ; Bendy paly of six, or and g\des. 2d Edw. II. 
(Collect. Gen. et Top. vol. iv. p. 70.) 

The Crest of the Goumays of Somersetshire was a Moor's head crowned, 
as is shewn in the seal of Sir Matthew de Goumay, and of Walter de 
Goumay, given in Dallaway's Heraldry. 

In addition to the works generally accessible, we have constantly referred 
to the History of the House of Yvery, pubUshed in 174-2, in which the 



PBDIGREE. 



391 



family of the Somersetshire Goumays is 
lai^ly treated of. This work was written 
under the superintendence of John second 
Earl of Egmont, and partly with a view to 
forward his claim to the Barony of Goumay 
ofHarptree. 

We have also had the advantage of making 
considerable extracts from a Genealogical 
Manuscript belonging to Mr. Towneley, of 
Towneley, in which are various notices of 
the Goumays of Somersetshire. 

We have given an account of each gene- 
ration of this family, with the cotemporaries ; 
until it divides into the four branches above 
specified, of which we have treated sepa- 
rately. 



PEDIGREE OF THE GOURNAYS OF SOMERSETSHIRE. 

NiosL DB GouRNAT, held the manors of Barew-Gumey and Inglishcombe in Somersetshire , at the Survey , 
under the Bishop of Coutances. Galled Nigel only in the Great Domesday ; but Nigel de Gt)umay 
in the Exon Domesday, pages 69, 133, 134, 136. 




ROBKBT DS GouBNAi, &ther of Hawisa, and probably son or grandson ot=f^ 
Nigd. See deed in Madox's Formulare Anglicanum, No. 100, p. 54. 
Bermondsey Chartuhuy, Cotton. MSS. Claud. A. viii. fol. 118 b. Liber 
Niger by Heame, vol. i. p. 161. Ob. ante 1167. 



Roger de Ck)uiLNAi, brother of 
Robert. Bermondsey Chart. Cott. 
MSS. Claud. A. viii. fol. 113 b. 



Hawisa de Gournai, lady of Barew-Goumai: 
and Ingliahoombe, held by Nigel de Gumai 
at the Survey. Madox^s Formulare Angli- 
canum, No. 100, p. 54. This Hawisa de 
Goumai was a great heiress and had large 
poMOMJons. Hist, of House of Yvery, vol. ii. 
p. 479, Bermondsey Chart, ut supra. Mon. 
▼d. V. p. 88. Gbve the Church of Ingles- 
comb to Bermondsey Abbey between years 
1152 and 1167 ; the deed being witnessed 
by Patrick Earl of Salisbury, who flourished 
then. She held these manors in capite. 



:R00ER DE=R00ER DE^ROBERT 

Baalun, CLERE,2nd 



probably 
her 1st 
husband. 
See Ber- 
mondsey 
Chart. 



husband of 
Havdsa, by 
which mar- 
riage no 
issue. See 
deed prov- 
ing this in 
Horsfield's 
Sussex, vol. 
i. p. 113. 



J 



FlTZHARD-= 

INO, last husband 
of Hawisa de Gour- 
nay. He was 3rd 
son of Robert Fitz- 
harding, and lord 
of Were, or Over- 
were, in Somerset, 
and on that account 
called Robert de 
Were. 



ROQKB PB Baalun, only 
child, by Roger de Baalun ; 
died under age, as appears 
by Bermonds^ Chart. ; 
and hit inheritance from 
the Baaluns devolved on 
Newmarch. 



Eta DE GouRNAY, dan. o^^homas, 



^Alice, dau. 
and heir of Ro- 
bert de Gaunt, 
2nd wife of 
Robert Fitz- 
harding, whom 
he married 
after the death 
of Hawisa de 
Goumai. 



Hawisa, by Robert Fitz- 
harding, her third husband ; 
a great heiress ; lady of Barew- 
Gumey, Inglishcombe, &c. ; 
half sister of Maurice de 
Gaunt ; dead before 1230. 



son of 
William 
de Harp- 
tree. 



Maurice de Gaunt, half-brother of 
Eva de Goumay. At his death the 
inheritance of his fiEkther devolved on 
his sister^s son ; that of his mother 
passed to the Ghiunts and Lutterells ; 
died 1230, or before that year. 



592 



PREFACE TO THE FOURTH PART. 



j- 



RoBEBT DE GouBNAi, a gro&t BaroD, 8on= 
of Eva, and nephew and heir of Maurice 
de Graunt his uncle, founder of Gaunt^B 
hospital. The inheritances of the Gour- 
nays of Somersetshire, of the Fitzhard- 
ings of Were, and of the Harptrees, cen- 
tered in him. He bore, Paly of six, a 
label. See a seal of his Harl. Cart. An- 
tiq. 43, B. 17. He died 1269. 



:Hawise Walteb. Hugh db Goitbnat, according to a MS.=Luct, 

DB See Hist, in possession of Sexjeant Ludlow. Dug- widow 

Long- of house dale dearly confounds him with the last of Ro- 

CHAMP. of Tveiy, Anglo-Norman Baron, with whom he was bert de 

▼ol. ii. p. cotemporaiy. See Barouage. It is dear Berke- 

489. that this was the man who hunted in ley. 

the chase at Bristol ; he was probably Testa 

&ther of Hugh de Goumay, of East de Ne- 

Harptree. ville. 



AnSELM de G0UBNAT,=pSlBILLA DE YlYONIA, 



son and heir of Ro- 
bert, died 1286. Ca- 
lend. RotPat.p.267. 
Inquis. post mortem, 
vol. i. p. 89. 



r 



Btton. Pari. 
Writs, vol. i. p. 651. 
(An original seal of 
hers found at Harp- 
tree, now in my pos- 
session.) 



John de Goubnat, 
lord of Were, 1286. 
Rot. Hund. vol. ii. 
p. 132. This ma- 
nor reverted to his 
brother Anselm. 



Hugh de GouBNAT,=ipJoAif. 
probably son of the 
above, hdd lands in 
East Harptree, 1297. 
See Hist, of House 
of Yveiy, vol. ii. p. 
605. 



John de Goub-^Olivia, dau. 



NAT, eldest son, 
lord of East 
Harptree, died 
1291. Rot. Fin. 
15 Ed w. I. Hist, 
of House of 
Yveiy. 



of Lord 
Lovel, of 
Castle Gary. 
Rot. Fin. 15 
Edw. I. Inq. 
p. m. 24 
Edw. I. 



RoBEBT npMABOA- 

deGoub- 
NAY, 2nd 
son, 
lord of 
Over- 
were. 



Elizabeth de 
Goubnat, da. 
and heiress ; 
marr. John 
Apadam. Pari. 
Sum.25Edw.I. 



I 

Anselm de^fChbis- 

GOUBNAT, 

le pere ; 
lord of 
Over were, 
1318. 



Thomas DE=r 
Goubnat, 
3d son, lord 
of Inglish- 
combe and 
Farring- 
ton-Gur- 
ney. 



Thomas de 
Goubnat, par- 
son of Hntton, 
witness of An« 
sehnM deed. 
Towneley MS. 



r 



Thomas 
Goubnat, 
lord of East 
Harptree, 
by gift or 
inheritance 
from Ap- 
adam. 



DB=pJoAN, 



dau. 
of Sir 
John 
Inge, 
Knt. 



Hugh 

DE 

Goub- 
nat. 
Rymer, 
12 
F^w. 

in. 



Richabd 
deGoua- 

NAT, of 

East 

Harptree. 
Rot. Pat. 
28 Edw. 
III. 



Sib Thomas DEr7=JoHANNA, dau, 



Goubnat, Knt, 
the Regicide of 
Edw. II. died 
1313. 



Anselm ^Jo- 
de goub- han- 
NAT, le NA. 
flls, lord 
of Over- 
were, 
living 
1359. 



I 

Thomas =p* 
deGoub- 

NAT, 

eldest son 

of the 

Regicide, 

dead 

before 

1840. 



of Sir Matthew 
Fumeaux,and 
widow of Sir 
John Trivet. 



John de Joanna, sister and heir 

GouB- of John de Goumay ; 

NAT, son marr. Walter de Gal- 

and heir, dicot, from whom de- 

1332 and scended the Newtons 

1360, s. p. orCaradocs. 



JohndeGoub- 
NET, lord of 
Knolle, near 
Bristol, s. p. ; 
married Eliza- 
beth, widow of 
John Carrew. 
Rot. Fin. 38 
Edw.III.m. 6. 



de 

Goub- 
nat, 
s. p. 



-- 1 

Geoboe Sib Matthew de Goubnat, Knt. cele- 
brated in the wars of Edw. III. and 
Rich. II. bur. at Stoke under Hamp- 
den. (See Leland^s Itinerary ;Froi88art 
passim s. p. ; died 1406, aged 96 ; 
marr. 1 w. Alice, dau. of Thomas 
Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick, and 
widow of John Beauchamp, of Hatch ; 
2 w. Philippa, sister of John Lord 
Talbot, of Ricards Castle, remarried 
Sir John Tiptoft. 



^ 1 I I 
Walteb de 

Goubnat. 
Edmund, 

Precentor 

of Wells, 

31 Edw. 

III. Pat. p. 

3, m. 11. 
Joanna, ma. 
Sir Andrew 

Branch. 



Robebt DE Thomas deGK>ubnat,: 
Goubnat; lord of Overwore, 
2dson,s.p. 1370. 



,=pELiZABBTH, dau. of Richard Counte- Thomas db Goubnat, lord of Inglkh- 
ville, 1st wife ; Alianobe, 2d wife, combe and Fanington-Gumey and 
remarried Richard Power. West Harptree^ 1840, s. p. 



Joan de Goubnat, heiress, 14 Rich. II. ; marr. Qeorge de la More, from whom descend the Earls of ^gmont. 



The early part of the above Pedigree is taken entirely from the original 
documents ; the latter part chiefly from Anderson's History of the House 
of Yvery. 



593 



NIGEL DE GOURNAY 

Held the manors of Barew and Inglescombe^ or Englishcombe, at the time 
of the Survey, under the Bishop of Coutances. Besides the above, he held 
under the same the manors of Wyche, Caivel, and Twiverton, and, jointly 
with Fulcran, part of Baeoile (Backwell),* all in Somersetshire. In the 
great Domesday he is simply called Nigellus ; but in the Exon Domesday, 
which is supposed to be copied from the original rolls from which some 
counties in the great Domesday were compiled,^ he is called Nigellus de 
Gumai and de Gurnaio. (Appendix CI.) From these circumstances, and 
the fact that these manors of Barrow and Inglishcombe descended to the 
Somersetshire Goumays, there can be no doubt this Nigel de Goumai 
was the original ancestor of that family : what his connection with the 
Norman Barons might be is not traceable. In a catalogue of the Normans 
present at the battle of Hastings by M. du Moulin, by collating the MS. 
of M. Duchesne with another in the Hotel de Ville at Rouen, three indi- 
viduals of the Gurnai family are given by name :^ 

" Hue de Gournai. 

" Le Sieur de Brai, le comte. 

" Le Seigneur de Gournai." 
It is probable these three were Hugh de Gournay II , his son Hugh III., 
who married Basilia Flaitel, and this Nigel de Gournai, who might possibly 
be another son of Hugh. The manor of Englishcombe, or Ingliscombe, 
is situated about three miles from Bath, upon a ridge of high hills, and 
was, according to tradition, formerly the seat of some of the Saxon kings. 
The ancient castle of the Goumais stood on a break of the hill, about a 
quarter of a mile east of the village. It was surrounded by a deep foss, 
which is still remaining, as are also some small parts of wall work on the 
south and west sides ; but the building itself has been demolished nearly a 
couple of centuries, and the rectorial bam near the church erected with 



* Domesday, vol. i. pp. 88 and 89. ^ Reports of Record Commissioners, vol. i. p. 469. 

* Du Moulin, Histoire de Normandie, p. 185. 

4 I 



594 



NIGEL DE GOURNAY. 



[part IV. 




SITE OF THE CASTLE OP THE GOURNATS AT INOLISHCOMBE. 



its materials. In the interior of the area near the centre was a well, 
which was discovered about forty years ago ; it was nine feet in diameter, 
and composed of finely hewn stones. The castle stands in a field called 
Culverhays.* The tracing of the lords of these manors of Ingliscombe and 
Barrew, furnishes us with the descent of the Goumays of Somersetshire, 
as far as they can be discovered, they having been among the possessions 
of that family undoubtedly as early as the Survey. 

The church of Inglishcombe contains some Norman arches in the central 
tower, which are here given. 

Geoffrey Bishop of Coutances, under whom Nigel de Goumay held these 
manors, was a man of noble Norman extraction, and accompanied the 
Conqueror to England. He and Odo Bishop of Bayeaux were the two 
prelates who most distinguished themselves in this expedition. Geoffirey 
Bishop of Coutances was of the family of Montbray ; he was a great military 
leader, being, as Orderic Vital says,'* more skilful in arms than divinity ; 
knowing better to train soldiers than to instruct his clergy. The Conqueror 



* Collinson's Hist, of Somerset, vol. iii. p. 840. 



^ Pagres 523 and 703. 



A. D. 1086.] GEOFFREY BISHOP OF COUTANCE8. 



595 




ARCHES IN INOLISHCOMBE CHURCH. 



conferred on him 280 manors in England, and the earldom of Northumber- 
land. Most of his possessions descended to his nephew Robert de Mowbray, 
who succeeded as Earl of Northumberland, and was afterwards attainted, 
when his estates were given to his kinsman Neil d' Albini,* who married Gun- 
dreda de Goumay in the reign of Henry I. Probably Nigellus de Goumai 
was a follower of this military churchman, as he was enfeoflFed by him in so 
many manors. This bishop is called Episcopus de Sancto Laudo in the 
great Domesday as well as in the Exon, from the vill of St. Lo, in the 
diocese of Coutances. 



Dugdale*8 Bar. vol. i. pp. 57 and 56. 



596 



NIGEL DE OOURNAT. 



[part IV. 



APPENDIX CI. 



EXTRACTS FROM THE GREAT DOMESDAY AND FROM THE EXON DOMESDAY, RESPECTING 

NIGEL DE GOURNAY. 



From the Great Domesday. 

Vol. i. p. 88, under the head " Terra Episcopi 
Constantiensis in Somersetshire :'* — <* Fulchran 
et Nigel tenent de Epbcopo Bacoile.* Turchil 
tenuit tempore Regis Edwardi, et geldebat 
pro decem hidis. Terra est quatuor decem 
canicatanim. Has habent ibi trigintaduo 
villani et viginti et unus bordarii et duo servi. 
Ibi molendinum reddit quatuor solidos. Et 
viginti quatuor acre prati. Pastura una leuga 
longa. Et dimidium leuge lata. Silva minuta 
una leuga longa et duo quartaria lata. Valuit 
et valet octo libras/' 

In the same page : — <* Nigel tenet de Episcopo 
Berue.f Edric tenuit tempore Regis Edwardi, 
et geldebat pro decem hidis. Terra est quatuor 
decim canicatanim. In dominio sunt duo 
carucate et tres servi et quindecim villani et 
septem bordarii. Ibi molendinum reddit quin- 
que solidos. Et triginti quinque acre prati et 



Silva una leuga longa et 
Valuit et valet 



triginta acre pasture, 
una quarteria lata, 
libras.*' 

Page 88b. — << Nigel tenet de Episcopo Englis- 
come. j: Unus tainus tenuit tempore Regis 
Edwardi, et geldebat pro decem hidis. Terra 
est decem canicatanim. In dominio sunt tres 
carucate, et sex servi, et tres villani, et septideoem 
bordarii, cum sex carucis. Ibi duo molendini 
reddunt undecim solidos et septem denarios. 
Ibi duodecim acre prati et centum acre silve 
minute. Valuit et valet decem libras. Idem 
Nigellus tenet de Episcopo Tuvertone. § Tres 
taini tenuerunt tempore Regis Edwardi, et 
geldebant pro septem hidis et dimidio. Terra 
est decem canicatanim. In dominio sunt tres 
carucate, et sex servi, et septem villani, et 
tredecim bordarii, cum sex carucis. Ibi duo 
molendini reddunt triginta solidos et quindecem 
acre prati. Valuit et valet decem libras.** 



EXTRACTS FROM THE EXON DOMESDAY RESPECTING NIGEL DE GOURNAY. 



From the Edition published by the Record 
Commissioners. 

Under the head << Isti sunt hundreti de 
Sumerseta.** 

Page 68. — ^^ In hundreto Harecliue sunt 
quatuor viginti hide et una virga. Inde habuit 
Rex de gildo suo septemdecem libras, &c &c. 
Et barones r^s habent in suo dominicatu sexde- 



* Backwell. 



t Barew. 



cem hidas et tres virgas. De his habet epis- 
copus de Sancto Laudo quinque hidas, &c. Et 
pro dimidio hide quod tenet Nigellus de Got* 
naio non habet Rex gildum." 

Under the head <' Terra Episcopi Constan- 
tiensis in SomersetaB syra.'* 

Page 133. — " Episcopus habet unam mansio- 



X Inglishcombe. 



§ Twiyexton. 



APP. CI,] 



EXTRACTS FROM DOMESDAY. 



597 



nem que Tocatur Bacoila* quam tenuit Tur- 
chillas die quo Rex Edwardus fiiit vivus et 
mortuus, et reddidit ^Idum pro decern hidis ; 
has possit arare quatuordecim carucis. Modo 
tenent Fulcramnus et Nigellus de Episcopo." 

Ibid.— *< Episcopus habet unam mansionem 
que Tocatur Berua f quam tenuit Edricus die 
quo Rex Edwardus fuit yiyus et mortuus, et 
reddidit gildum pro decern hidis; has possit 
arare quatuordecim carucis. Modo tenet Nigel- 
hu de Gumai de Episcopo, et habet inde quin- 
que hidas et duo carucatas in dominio, et villani 
8ui quinque hidas et duodecim carucatas. Ibi 
habet Nigellus quindecim villanos et septem 
bordarios et tres servos et duo roncinos et 
▼iginti septem animalia et quatuordecim porcos 
et eoitum quinque et duo oves, et quingenta 
capros, et unum molendinum quod reddit quin- 
que solidos per annum, et unam leugam ne- 
moris in longitudine et unam quadragesimam in 
latitudine, et triginta quinque agro sprati et tri- 
ginta agros pascue ; et valet decem libras per 
annum, et quando Nigellus recepit tantundem/' 

Page 134. — '^Episcopus habet unam man- 
sionem que vocatur Wica quam tenuit Alu- 
redus die quo Rex Edwardus fiiit vivus et 
mortuus, et reddidit gildum pro una hida ; banc 
potoit arare una caruca. Hanc tenet Nigellus 
de Oumaide Episcopo ; et valet viginti solidos, 
et quando recepit valet tantundem." 



Page 186. — << Episcopus Constantiensis habet 
unam mansionem que vocatur Ingeliscuma,| 
quam tenuit unus tainus pariter die qua Rex 
Edwardus fuit vivus et mortuus, et reddidit pro 
decem hidis ; has possit arare decem carucis. 
Hanc tenet Nigellus de Crumaio de Episcopo. 
Ibi habet Nigellus sex hidas et dimidium et 
unam virgam et tres carucatas in dominio, et 
villani quatuor hidas et unam virgam. Inde 
habet Nigellus tres villanos et septendecim bor- 
darios et sex servos et duo runcinos et novem 
animalia et viginti tres porcos et centum triginta 



BackweU. 



t Barew. 



septem oves, et duo molendina que reddunt per 
annum undecim solidos," &c. &c. 

Ibid. — <' Episcopus Constantiensis habet 
unam mansionem que vocatur Tuvertona,^ 
quam tenuerunt tres taini pariter die qua Rex 
Edwardus fuit vivus et mortuus, et reddiderunt 
gildum pro septem hidis et dimidio ; has possit 
arare decem carucis, hanc tenet Nigellus de 
Crumaio de Episcopo. Inde habet Nigellus 
tres hidas et dimidium, et tres carucatas in 
dominio, et villani tres hidas et sex carucatas. 
Ibi habet Nigellus septem villanos, et tredecim 
bordarios, et sex servos, et duo runcinos, et 
undecim animalia, et septendecim porcos et 
ducentos oves, et duo molendina que reddunt 
per annum triginta sohdos, et quindecim agros 
prati. Hec mansio valet per annumdecem libras, 
et quando Episcopus recepit valebat tantundem.'' 



X IngliBhcombe. 



§ TwiTerton. 



598 



ROBERT DE GOURNAY I. 

Is the next of this line that we have been able to trace. He is mentioned 
in a deed of Hawisa de Goumai his daughter, lady of the before-mentioned 
manors of Inglishcombe and Barew ; in this deed it is stated that he gave 
land in Cliveware to Alexander de Bidecumb.' (App. CV.) He also 
occurs as witness to the deed of Roger de Baalun, husband of his daughter 
Hawisa de Goumay, whereby Roger gave to the monks of Bermondsey 
land in Upperton, &c. In this latter instrument he is called Dominus 
Robertus de Gumai, whence we conclude he was a knight. Roger his 
brother is the next witness in this deed.'* (App. GIL) 

Hawisa, the daughter of this Robert de Goumai, lived in the reigns of 
Stephen and Henry 11.*^ ; so that it seems extremely probable that he and 
Roger de Goumai his brother were sons of the preceding Nigel. Indeed I 
am disposed to believe this Robert de Goumay is the same person as 
Robertus filius Nigelli (Robert Fitz-Nigel), mentioned in the Pipe Roll of 
the 31st Henry I. (page ^^^ edition by the Rev. Joseph Hunter,) as holding 
lands in Gloucestershire in custody for William de Fescamp, a minor, 
which William de Fescamp was a considerable benefactor to the abbey of 
Beaubec, founded by Hugh de Gournay IV. ; and amongst other donations 
William de Fescamp gave lands in England, which he held of Robert, 
sumamed the Consul, Earl of Gloucester. Now we find in the liber 
Niger, which was written in 1 167, that Robert de Goumay had held nine 
knights' fees of the Earl of Gloucester ; and I therefore conjecture that 
Robert Fitz-Nigel and Robert de Goumay are the same person ; and, if 
this is a correct inference, Robert is proved to be the son of Nigel de 
Goumay. 

» Madox, Formulare Anglicanum, No. 100, p. 54. 

^ Extracts from Bermondsey Chartulary, Cotton. MSS. Claud. A. viii. fol. 113 b. 

« Ibid, and Pipe Roll, 26 and 27 Henry II. 



A. D. 1131.] ROBERT FITZ-NIGEL. 599 

The following are the extracts from the original documents relating to 
this point: — 

From the Pipe Roll, 31 Hen. I. — " Willelmus de Fiscampo debet centum 
marcas argenti pro terra patris sui, quam Roberttis Filius Nigelli tenebat." 

From the foundation Charter of the Priory of Beaubec, page 106 of this 
Record. — " Terram quoque quam prefatus Willelmus (de Fiscanno) vobis 
dedit in Anglia apud Chenobrotonum,* quam Robertus Gloucestrie Consul, 
e cujus feodo erat, vobis concessit." 

From the Ldber Niger (edition by Heame, vol. i. p. 161), under the fiefs 
of William Earl of Gloucester, son and successor of Earl Robert (the 
Consul.) — "Feodum quod fuit Roberti de Gomaco, ix milites." 

By this it appears these fiefs^ had formerly been Robert de Gournay's, 
who was probably dead before the year 1 167, when the liber Niger was 
compiled, being the register of the aid granted by the tenants of the 
crown upon the occasion of the marriage of Matilda, daughter of King 
Henry II. with the Duke of Saxony. 

From these documents it is highly probable that Robert de Goumay 
and Robert Fitz-Nigel are the same person. 



* See page 105 of this Record, in the note at the bottom of the page, where it appears Cheno- 
brotonum is Kemerton in Gloucestershire. 

^ Eva de Goumay, granddaughter of this Robert, held a portion of these fiefs, viz. five knight's 
fees, of the honour of Gloucester, in the reign of King John. 



600 



HAWISA DE GOURNAI, 

Daughter of Robert de Goumay, (App. CV.) and Lady of the manors of 
Barew and Inglishcombe. She is stated by Dugdale * to have given to the 
abbey of Bermondsey the church of Inglishcombe, in the year 1 112, 12th 
Henry I. This date is given to the above gift in the Annales Abbatise de 
Bermondsey, MS. Harl. 231. fol. 10 ; but is certainly erroneous, as Patrick 
Earl of Salisbury witnessed the deed of gift of Hawisa, of the said church 
of IngUshcombe, and he flourished from 1152 to 1167.*^ I transcribe the 
original deed from the extracts of the Bermondsey chartulary preserved in 
the Cotton MS. Claud. A. viii. fol. 115. 

''Ego Hawis' de Gurnai pro amore Dei &c. et pro anima Rogeri de 
Baalun mariti mei et Rogeri Baalun filii mei &c. dedi monachis de 
Bermondsey Ecclesiam de Ingliscumbe, Test. Patricius Comes, Radus 
Baalun, Hamelinus de Baalun, Amoldus de Baalun, Robertus de 
Gundeville, Maltus de Gurnay, Hun^s de Clunn, Petrus Alius ejus, Almerus 
Alius Gaiifri, &c." 

We must remark upon this charter that the fact of Matthew de Goumay 
of the Norfolk line of the Goumays (see page 301,) being a witness to this 
and to other charters of Hawisa de Goumay, (App. CIl. and CV.) is a 
strong presumptive evidence of the Somersetshire Goumays being of the 
same stock as those of Norfolk and Normandy. 

This Hawisa de Goumai was a great heiress, and a lady of extensive 
estates : so much so that she not only retained her own paternal surname, 
although thrice married, but transmitted it to her descendants even 
in the female line,* and with it these manors, of the original possession of 
the Gournays in Somersetshire, together with various others which she held 
in capite of the Crown. 



» Monasticon, New Edit vol. v. p. 88. ^ Dugdale's Bar., vol. i. p. 174. 

® History of the House of Ivory, voL ii. p. 479. 



A. D. 1184.] ROGER DE BAALUN. 601 

The retention of the paternal surname by women of large inheritance 
was common during the period of our Anglo-Norman kings. The Normans 
introduced into this country the system of hereditary surnames, and their 
descendants were always extremely tenacious of the high distinction of 
such as marked their Norman extraction. That Hawisa de Gumai married 
Roger de Baalun, is proved, not merely by the deed we have already 
quoted, but by various others. He was son of Winebald or Grimbaldus 
de Baalun, of a family who came to England at the Conquest' By him 
she had a son Roger de Baalun. 

Roger, the husband of Hawisa, gave to the abbey of Bermondsey lands in 
Upton ; and Roger her son before his death bequeathed to the same 
religious house " centum solidatas terrse," land worth a hundred solidatae 
rent, of which the attestation of Hawisa his mother, and Patrick Earl of 
Salisbury, still exists in the Bermondsey Chartulary. This nobleman was 
guardian of the lands of the younger Roger de Baalun, and deposited the 
deed of legacy on the high altar of St. Saviour in Bermondsey. ( App. GIL) 

It seems that Hawisa had no other child by Roger de Baalun, as the 
inheritance of that family, Upton, Hardwick, and other places, devolved on 
Henry of Newmarch, nephew of the elder Roger de Baalun.^ 

The Pipe Rolls of the 26th, 27th, 28th, 29th, 30th, and 31st years of 
Henry II. show Hawisa to have had a jointure in Horsington in Somerset- 
shire ; and as this manor was afterwards in the family of Newmarch,*^ who 
inherited feifs of the De Baaluns, there can be no doubt that it was the 
jointure settled on her by her husband, Roger de Baalun. 

She held an interest in dower in the manor of Lesham in Hampshire ; 
which she gave to Engelram de Abemon, who sub-enfeoflFed his brothers, 
each in a third part of it.** (App. CIV.) 

This dower in Lesham was from Roger de Clere, who was probably her 
second husband. This appears from the Lewes Chartulary, which contains 
the following charter, proving this : " Hawisia de Gumais, salutem, sciatis 
me concessisse monachis de Lewes totam terram de Athelingworth, quam 

* Dugdale*s Baron, vol. i. p. 453. ^ Ibid. vol. i. p. 435. 

® CoUinson's Hist, of Somerset, vol. ii. p. 371. ^ Abbrev. Placit. p. 66. 

4 K 



602 HAWISA DB GOURNAY. [PART IV. 

in dotem accepi ex donatione Rogeri de Qera^ mariti mei^ sicut Rogerus de 
Clera et Radulphus frater et hseres ipsius dederunt/* 

It appears by this that Hawisa had no issue by Roger de Clere, as Ralf 
his brother was his heir. Athelingworth is one of the manors or divisions 
of Brighton.* 

Hawisa de Gumai, it seems, remarried Robert Fitz- Harding, and had by 
him an only child, Eva de Goumay, who married Thomas the son of 
William de Harptree. The issue of Thomas de Harptree and Eva de 
Goumay was, as we shall hereafter see, Robert de Goumay, a great Baron 
who lived in the reign of Henry III. and who was, in the male line, the 
founder of the Baronial family of the Somersetshire Gournays. 

It is extremely probable that Robert Fitz-Harding, and his wife Hawisa 
de Gournay, were the founders of the nunnery of Minchin-Barrow, within 
the lordship of Barrow-Gourney. Leland implies that one of the Gournays 
founded that house ; ^ and Collinson, in his History of Somersetshire, states 
that one of the Fitz-Hardings was the founder.*^ 

This religious foundation is mentioned in the will of Hugh Bishop of 
Lincoln in 1211;'^ it was therefore in existence at that time. 

Hawisa de Gournay by deed (App. CV.) enfeoffed Thomas the son of 
William de Harptree of lands in Barew-Goumay, which the said Thomas 
bought for 103 solidi of Alexander de Bidecumb, who acknowledged him- 
self satisfied in the presence of Hawisa and her men at her court at Barew. 
This land, which had been given by Robert de Gumai father of Hawisa^ 
the said Alexander de Bidecumb surrendered by presenting Hawisa, as 
lady of the manor, with the branch of a tree, which she presented to 
Tliomas de Harptree in token of his being in possession of the said lands ; 
and Thomas gave her as a token in return a golden ring.® 

This Thomas was husband of Eva de Goumay, the daughter, as we 
believe, of Hawisa de Gournay and Robert Fitz-Harding. 

The last mention of Hawisa is in the Pipe Roll 34 Henry II. 1 1 88 ; she 



'^ Horscficld's History of Susaex, vol. i. p. lid. ^ Leland, Itin. vol. vii. p. 88. 

' Collinson 8 HisU of Somerset, vol ii. p. 309. ^ Ibid. p. 310. 

' Madox's Formulare Anglicanum, No. 100, p. 54. 



A. D. 1188.J 



ROBERT FITZHARDING. 



603 



probably died soon after; and in the 4 Richard 1st, 1193, Robert Fitz- 
Harding, whom, as already stated, we take to have been her third husband, 
gave sixty marks for the livery of the inheritance of Alice Paynel, the first 
wife of Robert de Gaunt, whose daughter and heir he had married (for his 
second wife, as we conclude), and by whom he had a son called Maurice 
de Gaunt,* half-brother of Eva de Goumay, the daughter of Hawisa. 

» Dugdale's Bar. vol. i. p. 351. Rot. Pip. Ebor. 4 Ric. I. 




604 



HAWISA DB GOURNAY. 



[part IV. 



APPENDIX CII. 



ON THE FAMILY OF DE BAALUN. 



Dm de Baalun was ancestor of this family ; 
he had several sons, of whom Wynebald or 
Grimbaldus de Baalun was a benefactor to 
Bermondsey Abbey, in Surrey, in 1092.* 
Roger de Baalun, the husband of Hawisa de 
Goumai, was son of Winebald, and confirmed 
the gift of his father to the monks of Ber- 
mondsey. 

<< Sdant omnes fideles quod dominus Rogerus 
de Baalun concessit monachis de Bermondsey 
totam terram Toecii de Uppetuna et illam in 
Melandam et Chelnecraft quam pater suus 
Winebaldus dedit. Testibus, D'no Rob'to de 
Gumai, Rogero fratre ejus, Henrico de Novo- 
mercatu, Humfr'o de Clunn, Hamelino de 
Baalun." f 

Roger de Baalun, first husband of Hawisa, 
died in the reign of Stephen, as appears by her 
attestation of his gifts to Bermondsey Abbey. 

*< Steph'o Regi Anglie Domino suo Hathe- 
wisa de Gumai salutem. Dominum meum 
Rogerum de Baalun ante ejus a seculo deces- 
sionem monachis Bermondsey dedisse notifico 
dimidium ville sue Uppotune. Et ipse astan- 
tibus coram lectum egritudinis su» filio suo 
et amicis, &c." + 

Roger de Baalun, the son of Roger and 
Hawisa de Goumai, gave, as appears by her 
attestation, lands in Upton of one hundred 
solidatae rent. 

* Dugdale^s Monasticoo, vol. v. p. 85. 
t M8S. Cotton. Claud. A. viii. fol. 113 ; being ex- 
tracts from Bennondsey Chartulaxy. 
t Ibid. 



** Ego Hawisa de Gumai interfui ubi 
Rogems de Baalun filius mens cum ultimam 
dederat eleemosynam monachis de Bermondsey, 
centum solidatas terre in Upton legavit. Testes 
sunt vir illustris comes Patricius qui custos 
terre sue rogatu ejus hoc legatum obtulit super 
altare sancti Salvatoris de Bermondsey, fuit et 
testis Amoldus de Baalun, Benedictus Miles, 
Mattheus de Gumai § et alii." 

Patrick Earl of Salisbury attested the same ; 
he was guardian of his lands, and, as he died 
in 1167,11 these deeds are anterior to that date. 

*< Noverint universi quod Rogerus de Baalun 
ad extremum vite sue appropinquans dedit ec- 
clesie sancti Salvatoris de Bermondsey centum 
solidatas terre de hereditate sua in Uptona. Ego 
autem Patricius comes qui memoratum Rogerum 
et terram ejus in mea habui custodia testificor per 
cartam istam banc ( donationem). Testes sunt Ar- 
noldusde Baalun, Hamelinusfraterejus, Robertus 
de Gundevilla, Humfr'us de Clunn, Rad'us de 
Baalun, Benedus Miles, Mattheus de Gumai.'*f 

That Hawisa de Gumai had no other issue 
by Roger de Baalun, appears by the fact that 
the inheritance of the said Roger de Baaltm 
fell to his nephew, Henry of Newmarch ; who 
confirmed these very gifts in the presence of 
John Count of Eu, and his uncle, in the reign 
of Stephen. 

<< Stephano Regi Anglie &c. Theobaldo 
archiepiscopo Cantuariensi, et universis filijs 

§ Bermondsey Chartnlary, EztnotB ut supra. 

II Dugdale's Baron. toI. i. p. 174. 

% Extracts from Bermondsey Chartulaiy at snpra. 



APP. CII.] 



FAMILY OF DB BAALUN. 



606 



ecdesie Johannes Comes de Auge et Rob*tus de 
Auge patnius ejus salutem. Noverit vestra 
universitas quod dimidium Uptone a Rogero 
de Baalun ecclesie sancti Salvatoris de Ber- 
mondsey donatum Henricus de Novo mercatu 
nepos ejus nostra presentia, &c/' * 



A male branch of the De Baaluiis continued 
at Easington m Gloucestershire, descended from 
Hameline de Baalun, one of this famil j.f 

The following pedigree is copied from the 
Bermondsey Chartulary above quoted. 



PEDIGREE OF 




DE BAALUN. 



Arms, Argent, three bars dancett6 gules.J 

GaiMBALDUS DE BukLUN.^. . . . 



RooEBUS dj^Hawisa de Milo de Hamelinus =F 
Baalun. Ournai. Baalun. de Baalun 

Rooebus db Baalun. De Baalun. 



■T 



Matthbus Ebnaldus Mabilia. Filia, NUPTA' 
DB Baalun. de Baalun. de Novo 

Mbbcatu 



J.. 



Henricus de Novo Mbbcatu. 



J 



Hamelinus de Baalun. 



APPENDIX cm. 



ON ROBERT FITZ-HARDING. 



Robert Htz-harding, or, as he is often called, 
Robert de Were, from the manor of Were 
(now called Overwere in Somerset), of which 
he was possessed, was the third son of Robert 
Fltz-Harding, alderman of Bristol^ and Lord 
of Beverstone in Gloucestershire, said to be 
descended from the royal family of Denmark, 
and Eva his wife ; to which Robert Henry II. 

* Eztncts ftx>m the Bennondsey Chartulary. 
t Atkyiit'ii GloucQsterBhire, p. 218. 
t Banks'ii Extinct Baronage. 



had given the honors of Berkeley and Berkeley- 
Harness, which had been taken from Roger de 
Berkeley, a partizan of Stephen.§ It was how- 
ever finally agreed that Maurice Fitz-Harding, 
eldest son of Robert, should marry Alicia, 
daughter of Roger de Berkeley, from which 
marriage the present Earls of Berkeley are 
lineally descended. || 

§ Dugdale'8 Bar. vol. i. p. 351. 

II Ibid. ; also New Monastioon, vol. yi. p. 363. 



606 



HAWISA DB GOURNAY. 



[part IV. 



Maurice Fitz-Harding, the elder brother, 
confirmed to Robert de Were his brother the 
gifts of Kiiig*8 Weston and Beverstone, made 
to the said Robert by Robert Fitz-Harding 
their father.* Robert de Were married, as we 
believe, first, Hawisa de Goumai, by whom he 
had a daughter, Eva de Goumai, of whom here- 
after; and he married, secondly, Alice, the 
daughter of Robert de Gaunt, lord of Folking- 
ham, by whom he had an only son, called 
Maurice de Gaunt, half-brother of Eva, and 
upon whose death, without issue, in 1230, the 
inheritance of this branch of the Fitz-Hardings 
came to Robert de Goumay, son of Eva ; f but 
the inheritance of Robert de Gaunt, the mater- 
nal grandfather of Maurice, reverted to Gilbert 



de Gaunt, and the inheritance of Alice Paga- 
nell, wife of Robert de Gaunt, came to the 
Lutterel84 

These facts prove that Eva de Goumay was 
not full sister of Maurice de Gaunt, otherwise 
all the inheritance of the latter would have 
passed to Robert de Goumay her son. We 
subjoin a pedigree of 
this branch of the Fitz- 
Harding family, which 
will elucidate this sub- 
ject, 

Fitz - Harding of 
Berkeley, bore, Gules, 
a chevron between ten 
crosslets patt^e. 




Harding, said to be a son of the King of Denmark, and to come to England at the Conquest, 
ob. 6 Henry I. 1116.=^. . 



r-n — 

E^AS. 

Jordan. 
Maurice. 



—n 

Ceciua. 
Maud. 



A0NE8.=HUGH de 

Hasseloe. 



Nicholas. Robert Fitz-Harding, obtained=r=EvA ; 

the honor of Berkeley, ob. 17 ] survived 
Hen. II. 1170, Lord of Beverstone. him. 



r 



Maurice de Berkeley, marr. 
Alice, dau. of Roger de Berke- 
ley, lord of Dursley. 



Nicholas, 1 w. Hawisa d^Robert de 

Henry, Oourney. Were, or 

ob. 8. p. J Fitz-Hardino. 



^2 w. Alice, dau. and heir of 
Robert de Gaunt, by Alice, dan. 
and heir of William Paganell. 



Thomas die; 
Harftreb. 



:EVA DE GouR- 



r 



Maurice de Gaunt, ob. s. p. 1230 ; half-brother to Eva de GK>umay. The estates 
of Fitz-Harding reverted to Robert de Goumay ; those of his mother to the Gaunts ; 
and those of Alice Paganell, his grandmother, to the Lutterels. 



Robert de Gournat. 




* Dugdale's Bar. vol. i 
House of Ivory, vol. ii. p. 43. 
t Dugdale's Bar. vol. i. p. 402, 



Gaunt bore, Barry of 
eight, or and azure, 
over all a bend sinister 
gules (perhaps from 
being an ill^timate 
branch of the counts 
of Flanders). 

We now adduce the 
reasons for concluding 
p. 851 ; and Hist, of the 



that Hawise de Goumay married to her last 
husband Robert Fitz-Harding or De Were. 

In the first plaoe, Robert de Goumay (II.) 
son of Eva de Goumay and Thomas de Harp- 
tree, confirms her gift of the church of Inglish- 
combe to the monks of Bermondsey, and in his 
deed of confirmation mentions Eva de Goumay 
as his mother, and Hawisa de Goumay as his 
grandmother.§ 

X 01dfield*s Hist, of Wainfleet, p. 257. 
i Extracts from Bermondsey Chartulary, Cotton. 
MSS. Claud. A. yiii. 



APP. cm.] 



FAMILY OP FITZHARDING. 



607 



^ Rob*tii8 de Gumai filius et heres Eve de 
Gamai pro salute anime mee et Thome patris 
mei et Eve matris mee et Hawiae de Gurnai 
avie mee concessi et confirmaFi Hugoni Priori 
et monachis de Bermundesey advocationem 
eodesie de Inglishcumbe, quam eis Hawisa de 
Gumai avia mea contulit et Eva mater mea 
oonfirmavit unde chirog^phum confectum fuit 
inter nos apud Ivelcestre coram D'no Thoma 
de Mnlcton, Rob'to de Lexinton, &c. Justi- 
dariisitineraDtibus. A^ 11 Hen. III. (1218.)" 

Now, as all authorities agree that Eva de 
Goomay was daughter of Robert Fitz-Harding, 
and Robert de Goumay her son calls Hawisa 
bis grandmother, and confirms this gift of the 
church of Inglishcombe made by his mother 
Eva and bis grandmother Hawisa ; there can, 
therefore, be no doubt that Hawisa was the 
mother of Eva, and wife of her father Robert 
nts-Harding. 

Secondly. In the 7th of Richard L William 
de Harptree, father of Thomas, the husband of 
Eva de Goumay, paid fifty marks for the lord- 
ship of Barew (possessed as we have seen by 
Hawiaa de Goumay) ; which he paid for the 
inheritance of his son's wife, being part of the 
lands of Robert Btz-Harding.* 

In addition to these two convincing docu- 
ments, we have the facts already stated to prove 
that Eva de Goumay and Maurice de Gaunt, 

* Rot. Pip. Don. 7 Rich. I. Will* fil. Job* de 
Haipetre* redd* oomp. de L m* p* h'enda t*ra de Bere- 
wic ca* T. milit* feo&tis q* est he*ditiu uxoris filii sui 
do t*km q* ftiit Rob. de Harding. In th'ro xxv m* 
et deb. zzt m\ 



the children of Robert Fitz-Harding, were only 
half-brother and sister; which appears from 
the circumstance that Robert de Goumay, son 
of Eva, on the death of Maurice de Gaunt 
without children, did not inherit the lands of 
Alice de Gaunt, the mother of Maurice ; but, in 
addition to those manors formerly held by 
Hawisa de Goumay, and which he had through 
his mother Eva, he inherited the estates of 
Robert Fitz-Harding, his matemal grand- 
father. 

All these facts, which rest upon complete 
evidence, convince us that Hawisa de Goumay 
was the first wife of Robert Fitz-Harding, and 
mother of his daughter Eva de Goumay. 

Nevertheless, the confirmation of the gift of 
the church of Inglishcombe by Eva de Gour- 
nay is thus noticed in the Bermondsey Cliartu- 
lary : " Universis, &c. Eva de Gourney uxor 
quondam Thome filii Willelmi salutem ; ad 
universitatis vestre cupio devenire noticiam me 
pro salute anime mee, &c. ; confirmasse dona- 
tionem factam de ecclesia de Hynglecomb mo- 
nasterio S*ti Salvatoris de Bermondesey a 
domina Hawisa avia mea intuitu pietatis et 
fervore relig^onis. Testibus I. suppriori Bathon, 
R. precentore, Heba decano Bathon. &c.** 

I think there is an error in transcription 
here, and that mater should be substituted for 
avia, as this extract is in opposition to the 
charter of Robert de Goumay above, and which 
is g^ven at length in the Bermondsey Chartu- 
lary ; unless, indeed, avia is here used in the 
general sense of ancestress. 



608 



HAWISA DB GOURNAY. 



fPART IV. 



APPENDIX CIV. 

ABBREVJATIO PLACITORUM, PAGE 66. 



Radulfiis Thesaurarius Sar' ponit' loco D'ni 
Cant* custod* Rad'i de Cler*, et t're sue, queritur 
q*d Walter' de Abernun et Will's et Ric'us 
fratres ej' ad exheredac'o*em ipsi' Rad*i tenent 
se sicut in feodo suo p'prio in tVa de Lesham, 
que jure hereditario ei debet descendere post 
obitum Hawysie de Gumay, cuj' dos t'ra ilia 
est p* hoc q'd ipsi fratres intruserunt se in 
t*ram illam post obitum Engelram' de Abemon 
fratris eor cui p*dicta Hawysia t*ram illam ut 
dotem suam concessit tenend' tota vita ipsi" 
Hawysie, &c. Et Will'us et Walter* ven* et 
dicunt q*d t*ra quam habent tenent ut feudum 



suum et sicut illam quam Engelram' de Aber- 
nun frater eorum eis dedit p' homagio et servic' 
p' cartas suas quas p'tulerunt quar* una testator 
q'd ipse Engelram' dedit Walt'ro tertiam partem 
ville de Lesham, altera vero q'd tertiam partem 
dedit Will'o, et preterea ipsi yocant inde ad 
warantum Rog'um de Abernun heredem ipsi' 
Engelrami, &c. E Rot. 77 in dorso. 

From this plea it is clear that Hawisa de 
Gumay held Lesham as part of her dower 
from her husband Roger de Clere, by whom 
she had no issue, as Ralf de Clere, his brother, 
was his heir. 



APPENDIX CV. 

DEED OF HAWISA DE GURNAY, GIVEN IN MADOX's FORMULARE ANGLICANUM, NO. 100, P. 54. 



'' Hathewisia de Gumeio, omnibus hominibus 
suis atque amicis Francis et Anglicis salutem. 
Sciatis quod Alexander de Bidicumba totam 
terram suam de Cliveware vendidit Thome filio 
Willelmi pro c & iii. solidis, et totum suum jus 
ei quietum clamavit in praesentia mei et meorum 
hominum in curia mea apud Barowam ; scilicet 
illam terram quam Robertus de Gumeio pater 
mens ei pro servicio suo dedit ; et ipse Alexander 
se inde demisit ; et per unum Ramum arboris* 
eam terram michi quietam reddidit in manum, 
ad saisiendum prsedictum Thomam de ilia ; et 
ego saisivi Thomam inde per eundem Ramum 
arboris ; ad tenendum in capite de me et de 
meis haeredibus, sibi. et suis hseredibus, per 

* A confirmation from the lady of the fee of a grant 
of land made by one of her vassalB. The land ii 
surrendered to the lady per ramum arboris, who per 
ramum gives seisin to the purchaser, to hold of her in 
capite attomement by a gold ring. 



servicium idem quod Alexander michi faciebat, 
scilicet servicium v partis unius militb; com 
quinque ferdellis terre de Bacwella; et ipse 
Thomas mens homo inde devenit, et annulum 
aureum michi inde dedit de recognitione. Hanc 
convencionem concedo, et hac me& cart& et 
sigillif mei impressione confirmo. Testibus hlis, 
Thoma de Buritona, Matheo de Gum^o, 
Rogero % de Batvent, Willelmo filio Radulphi, 
Widone, Roberto de Batvent, Roberto de Ware- 
wic (with seventeen others)." 

* An oval seal of yellow wax, three inches long, 
shewing the efSgies of a woman standing. 

t Roger de Batvent was co-sheriff or deputy to 
Greoffrey Archbishop of York, who had the county of 
York in ferm in the reign of King Richard the Pint, 
Qalfridus EboracenslBarchiepiscopus, Rogerus de Batvent 
pro eo, reddit compotum de firmi de Eyerwictcirft de 
dimidio anno ; Mag. Rot. Pipe 6, Rich. I. Tit. Ever- 
wicscira. 



609 



EVA DE GOURNAY, 

Daughter of Robert Fitz-Harding or De Were, by his first wife Hawise 
de Gournay, and half-sister of Maurice de Gaunt, his son, by Alice de 
Gaunt, his second inrife. 

Eva de Goumay was lady of the manors of IngUshcombe and Barew- 
Goumay, possessed by Hawise de Goumay. 

This is proved by her confirmation of the gift of the church of IngUsh- 
combe by Hawisa to the monks of Bermondsey,' and by her making over 
to her half-brother Maurice de Gaunt for life the manor of Barew, in the 
16th of John, 1215. 

" Carta 16 Regis Johannis/' ^ 

'^ Mauritius de Gaunt habet manerium de Barewe tenendum in vitam 
suam ex concessione Evae de Gomay sororis suae.'* 

Eva de Gomey married Thomas, son and heir of William de Harptree, 
as is shown by a fine of 9 Hen. III. of which an office copy is given 
(App. CVII.) ; in which Robert de Goumay, son of Eva, declares himself 
son and heir of Thomas, son of William de Harptree, by Eva his wife. 
And in the 18 Hen. III. (1234), the same Robert held Harptree of the 
King in capite, which he inherited from William de Harptree his grand- 
father.*^ Also, in her confirmation of the gift of Hawisa de Gumay of the 
church of Inglishcombe to the monks of Bermondsey, she calls herself 
^Eva uxor quondam Thomae filii Willelmi," which also proves that she 
survived her husband, who was dead before the year 1208, when the fine 
above-mentioned was levied. 

To Thomas, son of William de Harptree, Hawise de Goumay gave lands 
in Barew, as by deed given above. (App. CV.) 



* Extracts from Bermondsey Chartulary, ut supra. 

^ From a MS. in possession of Mr. Townelej, of Towneley, containing an account of the family 
of Newton and its connections. 

^ Rot Fm. 18 Henry III. Dodsworth's MSS. Lantdowne MSS. No. 227. 

4 L 



610 BVA DB GOURNAY. [PART IV. 

In the 3d John (1202), Thomas de Harptree gave sixty marks for his 
lands in Inglishcombe, which he had by the grant of Hawisa de Goumai ; 
and in the same year was charged ten marks for five knighfs fees, which 
he held of the honor of Gloucester. These latter were probably some of 
those held by his wife's ancestor, Robert de Goumai I., as appears by the 
liber Niger, vol. i. p. 161. 

By Thomas de Harptree, Eva de Gournay had issue Robert de Goumay, 
of whom hereafter. They had also another son, Walter, mentioned in a 
record of William, brother of Thomas de Harptree.' We suppose it is his 
seal given in Dallaway*s Heraldry, with the circumscription, " S. Walter! 
de Gournay," which Mr. Dallaway dates 1280."^ 

Hugh de Gournay, who married Lucy, widow of Robert de Berkeley, 
appears to have been another son of Eva. He was mistaken by Dugdale 
for Hugh VI. of the elder line. I give an account of him and his 
descendants afterwards ; they were seated at East-Harptree. 

Eva de Gournay married a second husband, Roger de Peanton, who 
was living in 1218, and whose lands were by writ of that date given to his 
wife's father-in-law, William, son of John de Harptree, to hold during the 
royal pleasure. 

Eva de Gomai died before the year 1230, in which year her son was 
heir to the paternal inheritance of Maurice de Gaunt her half-brother, 
which could not have been had she been living.*^ 



» Hist, of the House of I very, vol. ii. p. 489. 

^ Dallaway's Heraldry. This seal appears to me the same as that of Matthew de Gournay 
given at page 691 ; and that " Walteri " has been engraved by mistake for '< Matth»L" 
^ Dugdale's Bar. vol. i. p. 430. 



APP, cvi.] 



611 



APPENDIX CVI. 



ON THE FAMILY OV HARPTRBB. 



In the history of the house of Ivery it is 
stated that John the first Lord of Harptree was 
a younger son of Asoelin Goub\ de Percheval, 
Earl of Ivery, in Nimnandy, and Isahella de 
Bxeteuil his wife. But this is erroneous, as 
ll^^Diam Fits-John, Lord of Harptree, was son 
of WiUiam Fits- John, Seneschal of Normandy, 
and Lord of Tilly ; who, by Dyonisia de 
Mandeville, daughter of Ralph de Mandeville, 
Lord of Marshwood, had two or more sons, 
Henry de Tilly the eldest, and William, called 
Fitz-John, the younger. Between these a divi- 
sion was made of the barony ; and the latter 
having married Maud de Orescuiltz in the life- 
time of his brother, had a son Thomas (hus- 
band of Eva de Goumay), and these two did 
homage to Henry de Tilly for Harpetree and 
lands in Normandy, the lOth year of King John. 
We subjoin the documents by which this de- 
scent of the Harptrees from the Lords of Tilly 
is proved. 

Roiuli Cartarunh vol. u pars 1. ab anno 
Mcxcix. ad annum mccxvi,^ foU 1837. 

P. 75, b. — ^*^ Johannes Dei gratia Rex Anglie, 
Dominus Hybemie, Dux Normannie, Aquitanie 
et Comes Andegavie, Archiepiscopis, Episcopis 
Abbatibus, Comitibus, Baronibus, Senescallis, 
Justidariis, Vicecomitibus et omnibus ballivis et 
fidelibus suis, salutem, Sciatis quod concessimus 
et present! carta confirmavimus Henrico de 
TUleio, quod habeat et teneat omnes terras et 
tenementa sua in Anglia et in Normannia, ita 
bene et in pace et sine placito, sicut Willielmus 
fiUus Johannis, pater suus, et Dionisia^ mater 



ejus, et ipse ea tenuerunt tempore Henrici 
Regis, avi patris nostri, et sicut ea tenuerunt 
tenure Henrici Regis, patris nostri. Quare 
volumu et firmiter precipimus quod idem 
Henricus omnia ilia tenementa teneat, sicut 
predictum est. Testibus, Radulfo Tessun, 
Petro de Pratellis, Roberto de Tumeham, 
Roberto de Mortuomari. Datum per manus 
Simonis archidiaconi Wellensis apudBrus xxiiii. 
die Septembris, regni nostri anno secundo." 

The above charter is also entered on the 
" Rotulus Cartarum et Cyrographorum Nor- 
mannie factus tempore Guarini de Glapion tunc 
SenescaUi Normannie anno secundo regni Regis 
Johannis m. 6," printed in the Roiuli Nor^ 
fnannie^ 8vo 1835; where we also find on 
membrane 5, under the heading Item Henricus 
de TiUeiOf this copy of a chyrograph made at 
Caen. 

Cadomi.-— " Sciant omnes, &c quod haec est 
Concordia inter Henricum de Ulleio et Williel- 
mum filium Johannis, fratrem suum, de dissen* 
tione et contentione que fuerat inter eos causa 
participandi tocius hereditagii, quod ad eos ex 
parte patris eorum et matris, tarn in Normannia 
quam in Anglia, pertinebat; videlicet, quod 
dictus Henricus dedit et concessit dicto Wil- 
lielmo pro finali concordia et porcione tocius 
predicti hereditagii in Anglia honorem de 
Harpetrou cum omnibus pertinenciis suis de 
feodo Comitis Claudicestrie per servicium x. 
militum et in eodem Harpetrou quod habebat 
de feodo Comitis Moretonii per servicium 
dimidii militb, et de feodo domini Abbatis 
Glastingeberi servicium de Donneheved et 



612 



BVA DE GOURNAY. 



[PAET 1V» 



Mikeilstoc et Beccangre per servicium dimidii 
militis, et de feodo Episcopi Batoniensisy Woche- 
hola et Meauliguesberge per servicium dimidii 
militis, et unam hidam terre in Weestberia, 
quam Petrus de Cheef tenuit per quintam 
partem unius militis. Et in Normannia apud 
Cadomum super Omam quicquid pater eorum 
ibi tenuerat per legale servicium et consue* 
tudinarium. Et apud Valles desuper Oram 
totam terram quam ibi habebat et possedebat 
per legale servicium et consuetudinarium, preter 
maritagium Cecilie sororis eorum, quod ipsa et 
heredes sui tenebunt de predicto Henrico et 
heredibus suis, sicut de domino capitali. Haec 
autem omnia suprascripta tenementa, preter 
maritagium predicte Cecilie sororis eorum, 
dedit et concessit prefatus Henricus predicto 
Willielmo, fratri suo, et Thome filio ejus, et 
heredibus suis, tenenda de eodem Henrico et 
heredibus suis libere, et quiete et plene, sicut 
pater eorum tenuit, per predicta servicia. Et 
insuper prenominatus Henricus dictorum Wil- 
lielmi et Thome homagia recepit. Per hanc 
autem finalem concordiam inter sepedictos 
Henricum et Willielmum et eorum heredes in 
posterum firmiter permansuram, remisit et 
concessit dictus Willielmus pro se et heredibus 
suis prefato Henrico et heredibus suis omnia 
alia tenementa et hereditagia, que ex parte 
patris eorum et matris ad eos sunt pertinencia 
et appendencia, sive in Normannia sive in 
Anglia, illis tantum ad prefatum Willielmum et 
heredes suos pertinentibus, que in hac carta 
continentur. Ita quod nee Willielmus nee ejus 
heres super Henricum et hetedes recuperare 
inde aliquid potest vel litem suscitare. Hanc 
autem conventionem concordialiter initam jura- 
verunt dicti Henricus et Willielmus pro se et 
heredibus suis se inviolabiliter observaturos, 
tactis sacrosanctis Ewangeliis.'* 



The copy on the roll terminates at the word 
EwangeliiSi as that of the preceding charter 
does at the words predictum est ; thus in every 
instance the date with which it should conclude 
is omitted, but of course it is an instrument of 
the second year of King John, anterior to the 
24th day of September 1200, the date of that 
monarch's confirmation to Henry de Tillyy 
to hold his inheritance without liability to suit. 
There was no law of primogeniture in Nor- 
mandy, except by custom, and we owe this 
characteristic of the descent of English baronies 
to our Anglo-Saxon predecessors. Two days 
after the above confirmation to Henry de 
Tilly by King John, at Brix, they were both at 
Cherbourg, and there we have another charter 
explanatory of this law. 

'* Joh*es Dei gratia, &c. Archiepiscopis, ^c. 
si terra Willielmi de Merle, tam in Normannia 
quam in Anglia, nunquam fiiit partita inter 
fratres, vel antecessores suos, qui antiqiutus 
fuerunt, inter quos terra ilia partiri debuit si 
partiri debuisset, volumus et firmiter predpimus 
quod idem Willielmus et heredes sui post eum 
terram illam habeant et teneant bene et in pace 
omnibus diebus vite sue sine particu Testibos 
Rad' Taxone, Petro de Pratellis, Roberto de 
Tumham, Roberto de Treogoz, Henrico de 
Tilly, Dat. per manum Simonis Wellensis 
archidiaconi apud Cesarisburgum, kxvi. die 
Septembris, anno r^ni nostri secundo.*^ 

Throughout the chyrograph, William, the 
younger son of William Htz-John, is designated 
simply William Fitz-John, thus assuming the 
patronymic of his own father, in preference to 
tracing the further descent; and this was a 
common practice, and led to the formation of such 
surnames as Fitz- Walter and Fits-Herbert. 
Henry de Tilly preferred to remain in N<m> 
mandy after the conquest by Philip Augustas, 



APP. CVI.] 



FAMILY OP HARPTREE. 



613 



and his lands in England were in custody 9th 
Feh. 1205, and during the 6th regnal year of 
King John. William Fitz-John, of Harpetre, 
is also the designation of this 9on of William 
Fits-John in the Pipe Roll' 3 John ; but his 
jH>n Thomas calls himself Thomas son of Wil- 
liam de Harpetre. The mother of Henry de 
Tillyy and of William Fltz-John, was Dyonisia 
de MandeviU, of Marshwood ; whose inheritance 
was recovered by Robert de MandeviU in the 
lOtb 6i Kingp John, who proved his descent 



from an elder brother of her ancestor, and who 
had been disinherited by King Henry I. (See 
Madox*s Exchequer, 4to. chap, xiii, vol. i. p. 
489.) 

There are two deeds of William de Harptree 
in the MS. above quoted, belonging to Mr, 
Towneley, of Towneley, in which his seal is 
drawn with his arms, a saltier flory. 

SiGILLU' WiLL'mI FILII WiLl'mI FILIl 

JoHANis DE Harptree. 







614 



ROBERT DE GOURNAY 11. 



Son and heir of Eva de Goumay and Thomas de Harptree. He inherited 
from his mother the manors of Inglishcomhe and Barew-Goumay ; and, 
through her, from Maurice de Gaunt his uncle, the inheritance of Robert 
Fitz-Harding, their father^ viz. Were, Beverstone, King's Weston, &c. ; and 
from his father the inheritance of the Harptrees, Harptree, Farrington- 
Gurney, &c., and Cemecote, in Wiltshire, which was the manor belonging 
to Matilda, the mother of Thomas de Harptree. 

From all these properties centering in Robert de Goumay, he became 
enfeoflfed of very extensive possessions. His assumption of the name of 
de Goumay is a curious instance of the manner in which surnames were 
adopted at the period in which he lived. 

His reason for calling himself de Goumay must have been the circum- 
stance of the family of Harptree being in fact without a surname, which 
appears by all their deeds, and most of the entries in pipe rolls and fines. 
The same observation would apply to the Fitz-Hardings ; so that there is 
no doubt he chose the appellation of de Goumay as being more honourable 
in his day, inasmuch as it was a name of Norman origin, and was become 
a fixed appellative. 

In the British Museum is an original letter of Robert de Goumay,' of 
which we give an engraved fac- simile. The subject of it is merely to call 

together a certain number of witnesses to meet for 

^ r I r the attestation of a deed to be executed by him ; it 
lJ LJ Lrl is, in fact, only a sort of circular to the parties re- 
quested to attend, and was doubtless sent round from 
house to house by a messenger. His seal appended 
to it is. Paly of six, the bearing of the Goumays of 
Somersetshire, with a label as eldest son ; so that it 



» Harl. Cart. Antiq. 43 B. 17. 




XT 



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Sli^;i 



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A. D. 1230.] 



LETTER IN BRITISH MUSEUM. 



615 




" yf^ism^ 



i^^^^^^- -^^^^^^^^^'^ ' 



BBYEBSTONE CASTLE, GL0UCESTBB8H1BB. 



was probably written during the lifetime of his mother Eva de Gournay, 
who died before the year 1230. 

This document, translated, is as follows : — 

** Robert de Gumay to William Tilly, Thomas de Morton, John de 
Farington, Henry de Bicknoller, William of the Bourne, Lawrence late 
Provost of Wells, Robert Fitzwalter of Chedder, and William his brother, 
William de Clewer, greeting. I beseech you that you may be witnesses 
for me when I shall make an exchange with the monks of Breweme for 
that part of Hydon which the Templars hold of me, which (to wit,) part 
these monks had formerly held of me in farm. Farewell/* 

Brueme, or Brueria abbey, is in Oxfordshire, and amongst its bene- 
factors was William Fitz-William Fitz-John, who gave lands in Harpetree 
and Priddy, in Somersetshire, and who was father of Thomas (de Harpe^ 



616 ROBBRT DE GOURNAY II. [PART IV. 

tree), Robert de Goumay's father ; so that Hydon was probably a part of 
one of those parishes.' 

This Robert may be considered as the founder of the male line of the 
Barons de Goumay, in Somersetshire. These barons were lords of the 
fourth part of Mendip, according to Leland.'^ Amongst their principal 
castles was that of Beverstone, in Gloucestershire, the fine ruins of which 
now exist ; but it was considerably enlarged by Thomas Lord Berkeley, to 
whom it was sold, and who laid out upon it the ransom he had obtained 
for prisoners taken by him in the battle of Poictiers.^ 

Richemounte Castle, at East Harptree, was another of their feudal 
residences. Leland says,** "Gumey usyd to ly much at Richemonte 
castle. It stondithe in the rote of Mendipe, este from Bristow, in the 
paroche of Este Harptre, by the paroche churche of it. There standeth 
yet a pece of the dungeon of it. Sir John Newton dy^ed up many old 
foundations of it toward buyldynge of a new house hard thereby, caullyd 
Estewood.'' 

"There is a nother village by Est Harptre, caulyd West Harptre- 
Gumey ; and there be the variete of arms that Gumey gave in the glasse 
wyndowes, and his cote armure." 

" At such time as Gurney lived, the Lord Fitzwarine was master of 
Mendepe Forest, by inheritance, and it was well furnished with dere ; but 
now, after for riots and trespassys done in huntynge, it was deforestyd, 
and so yet remayneth." 



• Abbey of Bruerae. — Monasticon Ang. vol. v. p. 496. Charter of K. John* — ^Translation : — 
<' John^ by the grace of God, King of England. — Know ye that we have granted and confirmed 
by our present charter, in pure and perpetual ftrancalmoign, to the church of St. Mary of Braeni» 
and the monks of the Order of Citaux, there serving God, the site itself, which ia called Bmeme, 
in which their abbey is founded, of the gift nf WilHxrn Htz-William Fitz-John, all lauds and 
pastures at Harptree and Priddy, which he gave to them and confirmed by his charter. Given 
by the hand of Jocelyn of Wells, at Oxford, 29th day of March, m the sixth year of our reign. 
(1205)" 

*» Itinerary, vol. vii. p. 88. ^ Atkyns*s Gloucestershire. 

** Itinerary, vol. vii. p. 89. 



A. D. I230.J 



RICHEMONTB CASTLE. 



617 




REMAINS OF BICHEMOUMTE CASTLE IN EAST UABPTREE (1814). 

Again/ " There was a goodly castle at Estewood, called Richemonte, 
where noble Gumey lay much. Yt is now defaced to the hard ground ; 
and Sir John Newton, now lord of it, hath made his house of the ruins 
thereof, yn the very place wher the Graunge of Richmont Castelle was in 
Gumey*8 tyme." This is the account of Leland, who wrote in the reign of 
Henry VIII. 

Collinson, in his History of Somersetshire, thus mentions this castle : ^ 
" Richmont Castle, the old fortress of the Harptrees and Gournays, Jies 
about half a mile north-westward from the church. In 1 138 it was garri- 
soned by Sir William de Harptree in favour of Maude the Empress, but 
King Stephen got possession of it by stratagem ; for many years after this 
the castle continued in preservation. It was an irregular fortification ; 
the approach to it from the south-west. The vestiges of the dungeon, a 
drcular building, are still visible. On the north and east sides is a steep 
descent into a deep narrow winding glen ; the sides of which are deeply 
veiled with wood, and very romantic." 



Itinerary, vol. yii. p. 106. 



»» Vol. iii. p. 589. 



4 M 



618 ROBERT DE GOURNAY II. [PART IV. 

In the 9th of Henry III. (1225,) a fine was levied between Robert 
de Goumay and his grandfather WiUiain, son of John (de Harptree), 
respecting the manor of Kerenton, which was settled upon William. The 
fine states it was '' de hereditate Matildis quondam uxoris ipsius Willelmi, 
esse jus ipsius Roberti, ut illius qui fiiit filius Thome primogeniti filii 
ipsorum Willelmi et Matildis, cui Thome idem Willelmus prius con- 
cesserat et heredibus suis ex Eva uxore sua matre ejusdem Roberti 
genitis," &c. 

The oflSce copy of this fine is given in App. CVII. No. I. 

In the same reign he obtained the grant of a fair at his manor of Were. 

The 25th of Henry III. ( 1 240), Robert de Gournay paid twenty pounds 
to the King for being excused attending him at that time into Gascony ; • 
and in the 41st of the same King (1256), had summons to be at Bristol, 
in the octaves of St. Peter ad vincula, well furnished with horse and arms, 
to march with him into Wales ; and in the same way, 42nd Henry III. 
(1257), to be at Chester; and in the 47th (1262) at Hereford, to restrain 
the incursions of the Welsh.'^ 

Robert de Gournay confirmed the advowson of the church of Inglish- 
combe to the monks of Bermondsey by deed. This was before the 1 1th 
of Henry III. (1227), when a fine was levied between him and Hugh, 
Prior of Bermondsey, in further confirmation of it. (App. CVII. No. II.) 

Robert de Goumay was either founder or principal benefactor of the 
hospital, called Gaunfs Hospital, in Bristol.^ This hospital was dedicated 
to the Virgin and St. Mark, and was situated in the ancient manor of 
Billeswyck, which now forms part of the city of Bristol. The nature of 
the foundation very much resembled that of Saint Cross, near Winchester, 
(as in both a certain number of poor persons were fed daily) according to 
the foundation charters. Some accounts state that Robert Fitz-Harding 
or de Were, the grandfather of Robert de Gournay, was the original 
founder of this religious house, on the site of his own residence ; others. 



• Rot. Pip. 26 Henry III. Gloucester. 

^ Rot. Pip. 41, 42, and 47 Henry IH. Dugdale's Bar. ut supra. 

^ Barrett's History of Bristol, p. 343, et seq. where is a detailed account of this house. 



A. D.. 1238.] oaunt's hospital. 619 

that Maurice de Gaunt, half-uncle of Robert de Goumay, had, either by 
will or gift of land, founded the hospital, or at all events that it was 
by his direction that it was established by his nephew. Leland, however, 
(vol. vii. p. 92,) states, that Henry de Gaunt, the first master, had been 
the founder of the house, and that he was brother of Maurice de Gaunt. 
He sa3rs, this Henry was *^ a knight, sometyme dwellynge not far from 
Brandon Hill, by Brightstow.'* It appears he was a Knight Hospitaler, 
and had long served in the Holy Land, and probably on his return com- 
pleted this foundation. The charter of Robert de Goumay, in favour of 
this house, is given in App. CVIII. 

He gives for his own soul, and that of Maurice de Gaunt his uncle, 
and those of his ancestors and successors, his manor of Paulet, for the 
support of a master and three chaplains and the relief of one hundred poor 
persons daily ; he also gave other estates and houses in Bristol, reserving 
to himself and heirs the right of being entertained at the hospital according 
to their convenience. He also desires that each of the hundred poor 
persons should receive a loaf of forty-five solidi weight, with sufficient 
pottage prepared from oatmeal ; and in making the bread he directs an 
equal quantity of the flour of beans and of barley, or fine wheat, should 
be used. 

To this charter the first witness is Ralf de Neville, Bishop of Chichester, 
which fixes the date of it after the year 1223. 

This deed was afterwards confirmed by a fine between Robert de 
Goumai and Henry Gaunt, master of the hospital, in 1238.* 

Robert de Goumay married Hawisa de Longchamp.** 

Of what family of Liongchamp she was does not appear, 

but probably of the baronial family of that name seated 

at Wilton in Herefordshire. 

Longchamp bore. Or, on three crescents gules, three 

mullets argent. 

The earliest instances we fiod of the use of arms 




^ Rot. Fin. 22 Henry III. «> Clans. 53 Henry HI. 



620 



ROBBRT DE GOURNAT fl. 



[part IV. 



among the Goumays of Somersetshire are in the seals of the Robert now 
under notice, and his brother Walter, as already mentioned. 

Robert de Goumay died on the 20th November,* in the year 1268 or 
1 269 ; his heart was buried in the church of the Friers Preachers at Bristol, 
and his body interred in the chapel of St. Mark, in the same city, which 
belonged to the hospital his uncle Maurice de Gaunt and he had founded. 
In this chapel is a monument to his memory, with his effigy in chain- 
armour and cross-legged, which would imply his having assumed the 
cross. On the same altar- tomb is a similar monument of Maurice de 
Gaunt, the other founder, and a mural one of Henry de Gaunt, in like 



I 
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EPFlGira OP ROBERT DB OOURICAT AKD MAURICB DE OAUMT, OH THEIB MOMVMENT IK «I. MARK'S CHAPEL, BU8TOL. 



• William of Worcester's Itinerary, p. 234. Martyrologe of the Friers Preachers. 




AISLE OF ST. mark's CHAPKL, WITH UOURNAY AND GAUNT's MONUMEFfT. 



A. D. 1268.] 



ST. MARK 8 CHAPBL, BRISTOL. 



621 



manner in chain-armour and cross-legged, who was first master of the 

hospital. 

In the windows of St. Mark's church are the arms 
of Goumay : Paly of six, or and azure ; and on the 
monument of one of the Berkeleys, (probably of Maurice 
de Berkeley, who married Katharine de Botetourte,) 
is the shield here given : viz. Berkeley, quartering 
Berkeley vnth the difference of a junior branch, Goumay 
and Gaunt, and impaling Botetourt. I am unable to 
explain these quarterings. 





622 



ROBERT DB OOURNA'X II. 



[part IV. 



APPENDIX evil. 



PINE BETWEEN ROBERT DE OOURNAT AND HIS GRANDFATHER WILLIAM, SON OF JOHN, 
THE NINTH YEAR OF HENRY III. (1224.) 



No. I. 
Hec est finai concord fca in Cur Dni 
Reg apud Westm in C'stino Purific Beate 
Marie Anno Regni Re^ Henr fit Re^ 
Joh nono cor Martino de Pateshull Thbm 
de Muleton Thorn de Harden Rob de 
Lexinton Gaufro le Sauva^ Justic et 
alijs Dni Reg fidelib} tuc ibi ^sentib}. 
Inf Wittm fit Jofais qrente et Rob de 
Gumay Deforciante de Mairio de Ke- 
renton cu ptin un placitu fait inter eos in 
pfaf Cur Sciit qd pdcus Wittus recognovit 
totu MaiPm illud cu ptin et simitr omes 
?ras et omia tenemta que idm Wi&s tenuit 
die quo fa concord fca fuit ta de heditate 
sua pp*a q de heditaf Matild q^nda uxis 
ipius Wilti ee jus ipius Rob ut ilii^ qui fuit 
filius Thorn pmogeniti filij \fO} Wi&i et 
Matild cui Thorn idm Wi&ms prius 9ces- 
serat et hedib} suis ex Eva uie sua ma? 
ej^de Rob genitis ut idm Wittms recog- 
novit et p he recognicm fine et concord 
idm Robs concessit ipi Wi&mo totu pdcm 
Maium cu ptin et omes pdcas ?ras et 
tenementa cu ptin tS de heditate ipius 
Witti q de heditate Jdce Matild q^^nda 
uxis i^ius Witti habere et ten3e tota vita 
sua de capitalib} Dnis p svic quod ad 
Manlm illud ?ras et tenemta ptinet. Ita 
q ipe Wittmus imposteni uUam ptem iparu 
ftraru vl tenemtoi dare vende vl vadiare 
vl aliquo alio mode alienare po?it nisi de 



assensu et voluntate ej^de Robti vl hedu 
suo^ exceptis qndeci libratis ?re de eisde 
?ris quas idm Wittmus si ei placuit dare 
vl assignare po?it vl quib3cq3 voluit. Ita 
ta qd ipe vl ipi vl quib} terra ilia 

dederit et eo^ faedes p^t decessu ej de 
Witti tenebut eande ?ram de ipo Rob et 
hedib} suis p svic qd ad illas qndeci libr 
?re ptinebit. Hec avS concord fca fuit 
^sente et concedente Pagano filio ipi 
Witti qui fuit fra? ^dci Thom qui i 

eade Cur recognovit se nich juris p se 
fare jure heditario in ^dcis ?ris vl tenemtis 
cont** Jdcm Rob nee in aliquib3 ftris vel 
tenemtis de heditate ^dco^ Witt et Ma- 
tild sive in Angt sive in Hibna vl Nor- 
mannia et p fac recognicide idm Wittmus 
ad peticione ej^de Rob et de voluntate 
ej^de tiic in eade Cur Dni Reg eidm 
Pagano libr ?re de ead scilicet 

tota Sram qm idm Wittmus tenuit in 
Edmodesha in Suddon et in Stares in 
comitatu Dorset et totS ?ram qm idm 
Wittmus tenuit in Sanford in comitatu 
Sumerset et homag et totu svic Nicfas de 
Baggenore et hedu suo^ de teneffito quod 
tenetinBagganore^etinColeiSe. Ethomag 
et totu sviciu Hug de Cumbe et hedii 
suo]^ de tenemto quod tenet in Cumbe. 
Et homag et totu Sviciu Walteri de Lod- 
dreford et hedii suo^ de tenemto quod 
tenet in Loddreford salvia tarn eidm 



APP, CVII.] 



FINB ROLLS^ 9 AND 11 HENRY III. 



623 



Wittmo ?ris illis et ^vicijs tota vita sua. 
Et p^t decessu ej^ idm Pagan^ et hedes 
sni ftras illas ^vicia cu ptin tenebut de 
ipo Rob et hedib} suis imppef faciendo 
inde ?viciu triu militu p omi ?vico. Et 



omes alie ire ^dce et offiia alia teneffita 
cu ptin exceptis Jdcis qndeci libf ?re p^t 
decessu ipius Wittmi re9ten? ad ipm 
Rob et hedes suos quiete imppetuu. 
Dorset Sumset. 



FINE 11 HENRY III. (1226) BETWEEN ROBERT DB OOURNAY AND HUGH PRIOR OF 

BERMONDSEY. 



No. 2 
Hec est finai Concordia fca in Curia 
Dni Re^ apd Ivelcestr in Crastin oc? 
Anno Regn Re^ Henr fii Reg Johannis 
undecimo coram Thorn de Muleton Robto 
de Lexinton Witto de Schorwell Warin 
fit luel Jordan olim Justiciar I^inantib} et 
aliis Dili Re^ fidelib} tuc ibi psentib}. 
In? RobTm de Gurnay petente et Hu§ 
Prior de Bermundeseia Deforciants p 
Johm Maudut poitum loco ipius Prions 
ad luc*du vel pdendu de advocacone 



Ecctie de Inglescumbe cuj^ assisa ultime 
psenta^nis sumonita fuit in? eos in ^fata 
curia. SciUcet qd ^dcus Robtus recog- 
novit advocacoein ^dce Ecctie ee jus 
ipius Prions et Ecctie sue de Bermunde- 
seia et illam remisit et quieta claraavit de 
se et hedibj suis ipi Priori et successorib} 
suis et Ecctie ^dce de Bermundeseie 
imppetuu. Et id Prior recepit eundem 
Robm et heredes suos in singulis bnfcis 
et oronib} q deceSo fient i eadem Ecctia 
de Bermundeseia. 

SuiSs. 



APPENDIX CVIII. 



ACCOUNT OF GAUNT 8 HOSPITAL AT BRISTOL. 

(Dugdale's Monast Angl. vol. ?i. p. 687.) 



Oaimt*t or Billemfyke Hospital^ at Bristol. 
The following is Tanner's account of this 
foundation. — ** Maurice de Gaunt * built an 
hospital at Billeswyke, in the north-west suburb 
of Bristol, near St. Austin's, before A. D. 

* Lelmnd, Itin. vol. VII. p. 92, ascribes the foun- 
dation of this house to Sir Henry (Hnt, and it wa^ 
intended for a ooUege of Priests, &c. But Manrioe'k 
Charter is extant in the Register at Wells.— Tann. 



1229,t for one chaplain, and one hundred poor 
people to be relieved every day. For which use he 
gave the manor of Paulet, and several mills, &c. 
to the Canons of St Austm's, and seems to 
have made his hospital entirely subject to their 

f Anselm, bishop elect of St. Daridls, is one of the 

witnesses to Robert de Gurnay^ oonflnnation of his 

nncle^i charter, and A.D. 1229 was the year of his 
election. — ^Tann. 



624 



ROBERT DE OOURNAY II. 



[PAI^T IV. 



management and direction. But after his 
decease Robert de Goumajy his nephew and 
heir, made it a distinct house, for the maintenance 
of a master and three chaplains, and the relief 
of one hundred poor people every day. It was 
dedicated to the blessed Virgin Mary and St. 
Mark ; valued, 26 Hen. VIII., at £112. de. 9d. 
per annum, as Dugd., and £140 as Speed, and 
granted 83 Hen. VIII. to the mayor and 
citizens ; but since that time it hath been con- 
verted into an hospital for orphans, by the 
munificence of T. Carre, a wealthy citizen.* 



Carta Fundcttoria ejusdem, 
(Cart. 61 Hen. III. m. 15.) 
Omnibus Christi fidelibus ad quos prsesens 
scriptum pervenerit, Robertus de Gumay salu- 
tem in Domino. Noveritis me DivinsB pietatis 
intuitu, et pro salute animsB bonsB memorisB 
Mauritii de Gaunt avunculi mei, et pro salute 
me^ et omnium antecessorum et successorum 
meorum, cum in plena per dominum regem 
essem seisina et potestate de omnibus terris et 
tenementis me a dicto Mauritio hsereditarie 
contingentibus, dedisse et concessisse, et hac 
praBsenti carta mea confirmasse in liberam, 
puram, et perpetuam elemosinam, Deo et beat® 
MarisB, et beato Marco, et nostro elemosinario 
de Billeswyke, ad sustentationem died magistri, 
et trium capellanorum ibidem perpetuo pro 
fidelibus celebrantium, et ad refectionem cen- 
tum pauperum, singulis diebus imperpetuum, 
manerium de Paulet, cum omnibus pertinentiis 
suis, sine ullo retinemento, in dominiis, in 
villenagiis, in liberorum homagiis, et servitiis, 
in molendinis, et onmibus libertatibus et liberis 
consuetudinibus ad prasdictum manerium per- 
tinentibus ; et molendinum de Were, cum omni- 

* Cunb. Brit, edit 1695, col. 74. 



bus pertinentiis suis, cum toti died maneiii 
sequela ; in stagnis et aquis, et aquarum corsi- 
bus, in piscariis, et omnibus emendationibus que 
in eisdem molen(Unis apponi possunt ; et molen- 
dinum de Radewike cum omnibus pertinentiis 
suis, cum tot4 died manerii sequels, in stagnb 
et aquis, et aquarum cursibus, in piscariis, et 
onmibus emendationibus quas in eisdem molen- 
dims apponi possunt; et quatuor marcas red- 
ditus in Bristoll, cum omnibus pertinentiis suis 
(videlicet) de domo que fuit Roberti fill! 
Hardingi, quam tenuit David Laware, dnaa 
marcas : de domo qu® fuit Ricardi Cordwainarii 
juxta Pisam, unam marcam ; et de domo Petri 
Laware in Bradstreet, unam marcam ; et domos 
meas de Billeswicke cum omnibus pertinentiis 
suis, sine ullo retinemento; salvo tamen mihi 
et hsBredibus meis tant^m, ad custum nostrum 
proprium, hospitio nostro cum illuc venerimua, 
absque gravamine vel impedimento dictomm 
magistri et capellanorum, et pauperum ibidem 
reficiendorum. 

Concessi etiam pro me et hasredibus meis, 
quod si qua inter dictum Mauritium et 
canonicos sancti Augustini de Bristoll com- 
pactio firmsB bladi aliquando extiterit, nulla de 
csBtero habeatur ; et quod, decedendo dicto 
elemosinario nostro, administratio elemosinas, 
terrsB, molendinorum, reddituum, rerum, et 
possessionum, donee magistrum habuerint, in 
manibus consistat dictomm capellanorum, qui 
pro tempore fuerint ; qui ex se, vel aliis, virum 
idoneum eligant in magistrum, ipsum mihi et 
hseredibus meis praesentantes, qui ad prassen- 
tantionem meam, et hsBredum meorom, per 
loci difficesanum admittatur, et per eundem in 
dictarum elemosinarum magister instituatur ; 
cui electo, si ego, vel hasredes mei aliquo tem- 
pore, causa irrationabili, contraria velint, domi- 
nus Wigomiensis episcopus ipsum nihilominoa. 



APP. CVIII,] 



GAUNT S HOSPITAL. 



625 



ad dictorum pnBsentationem admittat capella- 
norum, ipsias qui, si in ordine, vel terris, rebus 
et possessionibus miDus bene tractandis in- 
honeste se gesaerit, causa rationabili super hoc 
conTictum amoveat ; aliumque, sicut praedictum 
est, admittat. 

Volo etiam quod unusquisque dictorum 
oentum pauperum ad pondus quadraginta et 
qoinqne solidorum panem accipiat, cum suffi- 
cient potagio, cum farina avensB parato ad 
qnem panem faciendum sequaliter ponatur de 
frumento fabarum, et hordeo vel siligine. Ego 
▼ero et hsBredes mei dicta manerium, molendina, 
et redditus, et domos praedictas, cum omnibus 
pertinentiis suis, sicut praedictum est, dicto 
magistro et successoribus suis, in liberam, 
param, et perpetuam elemosinam contra omnes 
mortales warantizabimus, acquietabimus, et de- 
fendemus imperpetuum. £t ne ego, vel hseredes 
mei, aliquo tempore contra prsBdicta venire 
possimus, pnesens scriptum sigilli mei muni- 
mine roboravL Hiis testibus, venerabilibus 
patribus Radulpho Cicestrensi episcopo, domini 
Regis cancellario, Huberto de Burgo comite 
Kentiae et Angliae justiciario, Joselino Bath- 
ODiensi episcopo, Williehno Wigom' episcopo, 
Grilberto de Gaunt, Johanne Marescalco, Jordano 
de la Warre, &c. Gilberto de Shipton, Elia de 
Samford, Terrico clerico. 



Pine between Henry de Gaunt, Master of 
St. Mark*s Hospital at Bristol^ and ^Robert 
de Oumay, 27 Henry III. (1242.) 

Hec est finai Concordia fca in Cur 
Dni Reg ad Ivelcstr in Octab purifica^is 
Beate Marie Anno Re^ Regis Henr fit 
Reg Johis vicesimo septimo coram Rogo 
de Thurkelby Gilftto de Pfston Wittmo 
de Sco Edmundo % Alano de Famehani 
Justic Itinlantib} "2 aliis Dni R^s fide- 

4 



lib3 tunc ibi ^sentib} In? Henr Gaunt 
Magrm Hospital Sci Marc de Bristoll 
quer % Robtm de Gurnay inped de*Man)io 
de Poulet cu ptin un plac war Carte sum 
fait in? eos in eadem Cur Scitt qd pdcus 
Robs recognovit ^dcm ManHu cu ptin esse 
jus ipius Magi *? frm qd pdci ffes hnt de 
dono pdci Rofcti Habend *? tenend eidm 
Magro et succ suis % ^dcis frib} in pura 
? ppetua Elemosina lifcam % q*ta ab 5i 
seclari svicio \ exaccoe ad sustentacoem 
Centu paupm *? t*u capello]^ scdm tenore 
carte q'm Idem Magr % ^dci fres hnt de 
pdco Robto de eodm Manlio imppm. Et 
Id Robtus % hedes sui Warantizabnt ad- 
quitabnt % defendent eidm Magro et sue 
suis % ^dci8 frib} ^dcm Man iu cu ptin ut 
libam pura "2 ppetua Elemosina sua Scdm 
qd ^dcm est cont^ omes hoies imppm. 
Et Id Magr recept ^d2m Robm "{ hedes 
suos in singlis hnfcis % oraconib3 qui de 
ce?o fient in pdco hospitai impm. 
Sums. 



The following is extracted from Barrett's 
History of Bristol, page 843 :— 

« Of the Collegiate Church and Hospital of 
the Virgin Mary and St. Mark, called the 
Gaunts of BilUswyck, now the Mayor's 
Chapel. 

<< This church is sometimes called St. Mark's, 
being dedicated as above, not to St. Martin, 
as Prynne has it ; at other times Gkiunt's of 
Billeswyck, from the original founder, and the 
name of the manor in which it was built, and 
with part of which it was endowed. This name 
of Billeswyck was probably given to it from 
the pleasantness of the site of it (Bellus ?icus.) 
N 



626 



ROBERT DE GOURNAY II. 



[part IV. 



It is not a very large or elegant structure ; but 
by a generous vote of the corporation of this 
city, the patrons of this curacy, in 1772, it was 
repaired at the expense of the chamber and 
beautified ; and it is now made a chapel for the 
mayor and corporation to attend divine service 
and hear a sermon every Sunday morning and 
on public days, for which the reader has 25/. 
per annum, and the preacher 20#. for every 
sermon. It was before this time, by their per- 
mission, made use of by the French refugees as 
a place of worship, who have erected their 
chapel since in Orchard-street. In this small 
but neat church are many stately and superb 
monuments, and some ancient statues in stone. 

" In the chancel is a large finely ornamented 
and carved tomb, and on it, within an arch, the 
stone figures of Sir Thomas de Berkeley and 
Catharine his lady, daughter of Lord John 
Bottetourte. Sir Thomas died d5th Edward III. 
(1361.) There are two shields over them ; one 
has the Berkeley arms of Stoke impaled with 
Bottetourte, which are. Or, a cross engrailed 
sable ; the other shield is. Paly of six, or and 
azure, for Goumey. 

«< The 18th of King John, Maurice de Gaunt, 
on an inquisition for knight services for each 
county, was rated for Dorset 1 milit. et dimid. 

** Leland, in Itin. v. 6, f. 100, says, * Maurice 
de Gaunte was Lorde of Beverstone Castle by 
Tetbyrie ; ' and opposite has this note, * Loke 
wether Maurice wher not first caullyd Barkely, 
and then Gaunte a loco tantum natalium.' 
And V 8, f. 67 a, he says, < Baronia de Gaunt, 
partita inter Rogerum de Kerdeston, et Julia- 
nam de Gaunt, et Petrum de Marley, haeredes 
Gilberti de Gaunt, patet recorda de Anno 19 
£dw. I.* Collect. V. 8, p. 82. 1144, Gilbertus 
de Gaunt monasterium de Bridlington Castrum 
fecit sibi. Gilbert de Gaunt accompanied his 
uncle William Duke of Normandy mto Eng- 



land, who having vanquished Harold, divided 
his enemies' lands among his Norman friends 
and followers of his fortune ; amongst whom 
he particularly favoured his nephew, and gave 
him ample possessions, and created him Earl of 
Lincoln, which the posterity of Gilbert de 
Gaunt enjoyed for five generations, till the male 
line failed in 1806. It appears in Domesday 
book (in iisd. Comit.) what exorbitant grants 
he made him, for in 10th, 11th, 12th and 13th 
years of his reign, this Gilbert de Craunt alone 
was seized of one lordship in Berkshire, two 
in Oxfordshire, three in Yorkshire, six in 
Cambridgeshire, one in Huntingdonshire, five 
in Northamptonshire, one in Rutlandshire, one 
in Warwickshire, eighteen in Nottinghamafasrey 
and one hundred and thirteen in Linoolnshirei 
being 154, which was a lai^ estate indeed for 
so short a time. He married Alice, daughter 
of Hugh de Montfort, a great baron of those 
days, and had two sons and one daughter by 
her. Walter the eldest succeeded his father in 
the title and honour of the earldom of Lincolny 
about the year 1096, and was buried at Bard- 
ney Abbey. The chief seat was Folkingham 
in Lincolnshire. Robert, the second son, mar-* 
ried Alice, daughter of William Paganel, who 
founded the Priory of Drax in Yorkshire, and 
by her had two daughters only ; Juliana, mar- 
ried to JeofiFrey Luttrell ; and Alicia, married 
Robert, the second son of Robert, sumamed 
Fitzharding, because the son of Harding, a 
younger son of the King of the Danes. This 
Robert had by Alice de Gaunt his wife, a son 
named Maurice, who took upon him the sur- 
name of De Gaunt; afterwards, Maurice de 
Gaunt, dying the 14th of Henry the Third, 
without issue, the 15th of Henry the Third, 
this Robert de Goumay, as his nephew and 
heir, did his homage, and had li?ery of the 
manor of Paulet, in the county of Somerset, 



APP. CVIII,] 



GAUNT S HOSPITAL. 



627 



and of his uncle's manors of Beverston, Wes- 
ton» Radwick, Over, and Aylburton ; * and 
made a solemn declaration in the King's pre- 
sence that he did not lay any claim to the 
three hundreds of Bedminster, Harecliffe, and 
Portbury, in the county of Somerset, acknow- 
ledging that his uncle Maurice de Gaunt was 
only tenant for life of those hundreds ; and 
after his decease, without issue male, they were 
to go to Thomas de Berkeley, by virtue of an 
entaiL The original deeds relatmg to this 
house (of Gaunt's Hospital) are so many that 
they fill a large book of a folio size, close 
written, with abbreviations, a copy of which 
authentic curious manuscript I have in my pos- 
session. I shall quote this also, under the 
title of Gaunt's Book, being a manuscript never 
seen by any of our writers of ecclesiastical 
history and antiquities, neither by Dugdale, 
Stevens, Leland, Tanner, nor Mr. Willis. 

** Robert de Goumay, by his deed 4aly exe- 
cuted, presents and approves of Henry de 
Gaunt (who calls himself clerk and brother of 
Maurice in his deed) for the mastership of the 
said house, which Sir Henry, by his deed, 
confirmed all former grants, and further granted 
the manors of Poulet, Stockland, of Erdecote, 
and lands of Bruham ; the mills of Were and 
Langford, with all his right in Delyamour and 
Lynagan, in Cornwall, of the donation of W*il- 
liam Cannel ; the burgage and rents in Bristol 

* I have before shown that these estates of Maurice 
de Gaunt, which were inherited by Robert de GK>umay 
hk half-nephew, were thoee which had belonged to Robert 
Fitzharding, the fether of Maurice ; those of Alice de 
Gaunt, his mother, reverted to the Lutterells, the chil- 
dren of her sister Juliana. Robert de GK>umay being 
•on of Maurice de Gaunt^s half-sister, Eva de CK>umay, 
would inherit the lands of their &ther Robert Fitz- 
harding. Maurioe de Gaunt died at Portsmouth, 14th 
.Heniy lU. (1230.)— D. G. 



and the house of Belliswick, for the support of 
the master of this house, and twelve brothers, 
clergymen, and five brothers, laymen, and 
twenty-seven poor people ; out of which number, 
twelve are to be scholars, to serve only in the 
choir, in black caps and surplices, as the same 
was ordained and confirmed formerly by Wal- 
ter Lord Bishop of Worcester. This Henry is 
said in Leland, Itin. vol. 7, to be the brother of 
Maurice de Graunt, and that he lies buried in 
the vesturye, under a fiat stone.*' 

<< The following is an abstract of the said 
bishop's ordinance, dated in 1259 : — 

" Walter, Bishop of Worcester, with consent 
of Robert de Goumay and Henry de Gaunt, 
joint founders of the lands, rents, &c. by them 
given to the said house : viz. that the lands, &c. 
by them given should for ever remain to that 
house, for the support of a master and three 
chaplains, and that the alms to poor Christians, 
agreeable to each of their deeds, should every 
day be observed ; and that twelve scholars be 
admitted or removed at the will of the master, 
who are to officiate in the choir in black caps 
and surplices, according to the direction of the 
chaunter, master, and faculty of the house, out 
of whom one is to be chosen to direct and in- 
struct the rest, for which his stipend shall be 
larger than the rest ; and it is ordained that 
three clerks in sacred orders, and five lay friers, 
do wear the same habit of those friers of the 
hospital of Lechlade, differing only in the 
badge of the said hospital, which is a cross 
argent, and the shield gules, with three geese 
argent. And if it should happen that either of 
the said six clerks should by the said master be 
promoted to the sacerdotal order, nevertheless 
he may administer in the church according to 
the direction of the chaunter, provided the 
number of chaplains, clerks, and friers so ad-> 



628 



ROBERT DB GOURNAY II. 



[part IV. 



mitted by the said master not haying the habit, 
exceed not thirteen, unless in process of time 
the revenues of the house increase, at which 
increase let as many be added to the charity 
as the master of the house shall think fit At 
the admittance of each person into the brother- 
hood he shall have the shield only fixed, which 
shall be worn during the year of probation ; at 
the end of which time, if he is found a fit pro- 
ficient, then the shield with the cross shall be 
fixed to the same; or within the time of his 
probation, if he desire or plead for this right, 
he may have the shield with the cross im- 
pressed on his upper habit, by vowing the sub- 
stantials of the order, viz. continence, obedience, 
and abdication of property, and other regula- 
tions of the said house to be observed. 

** Any person after admission and within the 
time of probation, if he should be found not fit, 
may depart or be removed by the master. In 
fastmg and other things to be observed by the 
members of this house, let it be according to 
the custom of the friers of the hospital of Lech- 
lade ; but in divine offices according to the 
custom and order of Sarum. In burying the 
dead, whether prince or prelate be sent for 
burial, the said chaplains and clerks are to wear 
the habit of the said hospital, or in their more 
solemn apparel, according to the custom of 
Sarum, may meet the same, provided the said 
habit is not used elsewhere but in the choir, 
or elsewhere when free from ecclesiastical office. 

" As to mass and its solemnities the said 
chaplain and clerks are to observe the follow- 
ing rules, viz. one mass shall be celebrated in 
the morning for the Blessed Virgin Mary, the 
second for the dead, and the third for the day : 
this to be continued every day ; the other chap- 
lains may celebrate mass for the living and the 
dead, and chiefly for the benefactors of the 



house, at the discretion of the master. Divine 
service being ended, two chaplains, and the 
aforesaid six clerks, wearing the badge of the 
house, with two lay-brothers, each with a little 
knife in his hand, shall cut the bread for the 
impotent and weak, who are to be served to 
their will between one and three, before the 
chaplains and clerks shall dine ; that receiving 
their prescribed portion there, they may never- 
theless get elsewhere what is necessary for them. 
*< The master, chaplain, clerks, and the 
brethren bearing their habit, may sleep in one 
house, and may eat and drink in the dining^ 
room, but no secular person shall eat there or 
any where within the bounds of the hospital 
unless by special leave of the master, or de- 
tained there by sickness, when he must be 
re^shed in the infirmary. If any stranger 
shall make a visit to the master, he may be at 
liberty to dine in his chamber or elsewhere at 
his choice ; but then he is to have one or two 
of the aforesaid chaplains at table with him. 
If the said master shall dine out of the refec- 
tory, or lie out of his bedchamber, or travel 
abroad, whether within or out of the town of 
Bristol, one or two chaplains are to be mth 
him, first appointing one of the chaplains or 
brethren of the order to officiate in his stead. 
No chaplain, clerk, or brother shall eat or 
drink out of his house in the same town unless 
in the presence of his bishop or patron, or in 
religious houses, nor without consent of the 
master or his vicegerent, and then some of the 
brethren in their habit shall be with him, least 
any of them should be seen wandering abroad 
alone, in the town, out of the precincts of the 
said house ; and at table the master and chap- 
lains shall use only black mantles and black 
cowls, but elsewhere they shall have the arma 
of the house outermost, gules, three geese 



APP. CVIII.] 



GAUNT S HOSPITAL. 



629 



passant argent. If on horseback or afoot within 
the town, they shall wear black caps, with the 
arms of the house worked thereon. The chap- 
lains, clerks, and brethren, shall eat good bread 
of good com, and be served with good beer and 
good pottage, &c. at the direction of the master. 
They shall not purchase any wine for their own 
use, nor make feastings to the loss or detriment 
of the said poor. 

** At dinner and supper time, or at the enter- 
tainment of a legate, a lecture shall be spoken 
as usual at other religious houses, to be directed 
by the chaunter. 

** If any of the chaplains and clerks know 
how to write or account, at the command of 
the master he ought to write and note down 
those things which turn out for the use of the 
house. If any of the lay-brethren have been 
versed in any of the mechanic arts he may 
follow it for the advantage of the house, at the 
will of the master, whose business shall be 
assigned them by the master as well within as 
¥dthout the house, and the work committed to 
them be carefully attended to and not injured 
by their removal from the work. And in case 
that part of the land of Paulet belonging to the 
said house, which lies near the sea, should at 
any time be flooded by the sea, and destroy the 
produce of the land, notice thereof being given 
to the Bishop of Worcester and to the patron 



by the master of the house, and an inquisition 
taken of the truth thereof ; in this case the 
allowance for the poor, with all charges inci- 
dent thereto, shall be lessened until the loss be 
made g^ood. 

** Finally, the Bishop gpranted for himself 
and his successors, that the house of St Mark 
be quit and freed from procurations and visi- 
tation of the archdeacon of the place or his 
official, and from obedience to the archdeacon, 
to be observed as far as relates to religious 
matters for ever. And the house and said 
poor to receive visitation of the Bishop or his 
official according. to law. 

" Walter, by the grace of God, Bishop of 
Worcester, having seen this ordinance above, 
confirmed it by the pontifical authority, sealed 
with the said Bishop's seal, with the seal of the 
house of St. Mark, and that of Robert de 
Goumey, patron, and of Henry de Gaunt, 
master, in the year of Grace 1259, on the 
morrow of the Exaltation of the Cross. 

« In the 26th year of Henry VIII. a.d. 1534, 
this house or college of Gaunts was resigned 
by John Coleman, the master, and his brethren, 
to Commissioners appointed for the said King's 
use; its value was then computed at ^1 12. 9s. 9d. 
per annum. It was granted in 1540 to the 
Mayor, Burgesses, and Commonalty of Bristol, 
who are now possessed of it." 






63l> 



AXSELM DE GOURXAY 

WjkM MD sod beir of Robert de GourittT^ and fid homage finr his &ther*s 
estate sooo after he deadi, the 53d Henrr m. (1369.)* 

He married Sibilla, daujriiter of Hoefa ^ron or Trronia, with whom he 
had the manor of Crofton : asappearsbTdieR0lnHHmidredormn,4Ed. I. 
(1276)^; whereitisstatedthatthemanorof Onofton was wordi jeiSayear, 
and that it was giren in free marriage to Ansehn de GoamajTy by Hugh de 
BfTim, widi his dao^ter. The Cunitjr of De Tironia were eminent for 
some generations in the eoontj ot Somerset. They 



rnnni 




bore/ Argent, a diief goks, widi a label oi fire points 
of the first. 

Between whidi year (1376,) and the 7th of Edw. I 
(1279^ Anselm gare part of the man<n* of Were, called 
Orerwere, to his yoonger son Robert de Goumay, in 
whose posterity it remained ; and Anselm de Goumay, 
being then in the Scotch wars, obtained of Edw. L a grant that himself 
and all his burghers of Netherwere should be free from payment of any 
customiB thoughout England, by deed of Edward dated at St. Johnstown 
(Perth), in crasdno Epiphaniae anno septimo ( 1 279).** ( App. CIX. No. 1 . ) 

We find in the Parliamentary Writs,^ that Anselm de Goumay was 
summoned to perform military service in person against Lewellyn Prince 
of Wales in 1277, muster at Worcester ; again in 1282, and in 1287, to 
attend a military council, to be held at Gloucester, befcure Edmund Earl of 
ComwalL 



• Fmet, 53 Henry UL m. 7. * VoL iL p. 18S. 
c Historj of the HcMue of iTery, toL o. p. 498. 

^ Calendarinm Rot Fat. p. 267. Hist, of the Hoaae of Itctj, toL u. p. 499. 

• VoLLp.65L 



A. D. 1300,] 8IBILLA DE GOURNAY. 631 

The 1 2th of Edw. I. (1284,) Anselm de Goumay gave lands to Robert de 
Hameton. This deed he seals with his private seal, as he states he had 
no other with him at the time ; by this deed we see that Sir Henry de 
Bause, Knt. was then his seneschal ; John, at that time his chaplain, was 
the writer (confector) of the deed, which is dated at his Castle of Bevers- 
tone. We are able to give a copy of this from the MS. of Mr. Towneley. 
The private seal was his arms, paly of six pieces. (App. CIX. No. 2.) 

The 13th of the same reign, he granted by deed the manor of Ferington, 
(Farington-Gumey,) to Thomas his youngest son, and his heirs, to be held 
by them for ever, by the annual service of a rose to be presented by them 
upon the feast of the Nativity of St. John the Baptist, and the following 
year, the manor of Inglescombe to the said Thomas, under the annual 
service of twelve cross-bow shot.' 

Anselm de Goumay gave to God and St» Peter of Gloucester five 
solidati of land in Beverstone, with the advowson of the church of the 
same town, in the time of John Gamages, Abbot.** 

On the 15th of Nov. in the year 1286, (14 Edw. I.) Anselm de Goumay 
died seized of the manors of Beverstone, Alberton, Weston, Overe, Kings- 
cote, and the house of St. Mark of BUleswicke without Bristol.^ Sibilla 
de Byvon, his wife, was jointured in ^ the manors of Alberton, Overe, and 
King's Weston. 

Anselm de Goumay was buried in the choir of the Friers Preachers at 
Bristol.* 

Sibilla de Goumay survived her husband many years. She was sum- 
moned in 1300 to perform military service against the Scots, muster at 
Carlisle ; she being returned from the counties of Gloucester, Somerset, 
and Dorset, as holding rents either in capite or otherwise to the amount 
of £40 value.' 



• Hist- of the House of Ivery, vol. ii. p. 500. 
*> New Monast. vol. i. p. 545. 

^ Inquis. post mort. vol. i. p. 89. ** Ibid. 

• William of Worcester's Itinerary, p. 234. Martyrologe of the Friers Preachers of Bristol. 
' Pari. Writs, vol. i. p. 651. 



632 



AN8ELM DE 60URNAY. 



[part IV. 



Some years ago the seal of Sibilla de Goumay was found by a labourer 
at East Harptree : it is of silver in perfect preservation ; in the centre is 
engraved the figure of a woman^ with a hawk (the emblem of nobility,) on 
her wrist. Her mantle is lined with ermine, and clasped over the right 




FIOUBB OF SIBILLA DE OOUBNAT FROM H£B SBAL. 



shoulder. Her head-dress a high cap with an ornamented border, the 
hair gathered on each side in a round network. The circumscription is 
" Sigill. Sibille D' Gumai." At the back is a small ring, by which to 



A.D. 



1325.] 



HIS CHILORBN. 



633 



suspend the seal, 
inch wide. 



It measures about an inch and a half long, by half an 




Anselm de Goumay had issue by Sibilla his wife 
four sons ; three of whom were ancestors of separate 
branches of the Somersetshire Goumays. 
John de Goumay, the eldest, was the heir. 
Robert de Goumay, the second, was Lord of Overwere. 
Thomas de Goumay, the third, was Lord of Inglish- 
combe and Farington-Gumey. 

William de Goumay, the fourth, was probably the 

same person as the William de Goumay mentioned 

below. 

We shall treat separately of these three branches, which ended in 

females after a few generations, when this family of the Somersetshire 

Goumays appears to have become extinct in the male line. 

Besides these three sons, it seems probable that Joan de Goumay was 
their daughter. She was prioress of Minchin-Barew, and was appointed 
by the patron of the Nunnery (the patronage being in the Lords of Barew- 
Goumey) in 1316; when a conmiission issued *'ad examinandam elec- 
tionem Johannse de Goumay in priorissam de Barew ; ** and in 1317 a fresh 
appointment* ^'ob defect' in electione ;'' she resigned in 1325. 

We discover also a William Gomey, probably the son of Anselm men- 
tioned above, killed by Richard le Yenur, forester of the King, in the 
forest of Dene, for his perpetually hunting, and various transgressions and 
robberies, upon which being represented to the King by Grimbald Pance- 
fot, constable of St. Briavel's Castle, the King granted a free pardon to 
Richard le Venur. (App. CIX. No. 3.) 



* New Monast. vol. it. p. 498. 



4o 



634 



ANSELM DE OOURNAY. 



[part IV. 



APPENDIX CIX. 



DEEDS RESPECTING ANSELM DE GOURNAT. 



No. 1. 
Charter ofEdw. L to Anselm de Ooumay. 
Edwardus Dei grat' Rex Anglie, Dominus 
Hibernie et Dux Aquitanie Archiepiscopis, &c. 
Sciatis DOS concessisse et hac carta confirmasse 
dilecto et fideli nostro Anselmo de Gornay 
militi nobiscum in obsequio nostro in partibus 
ScotisB comoranti quod ipse et omnes Burg- 
enses sui de Netherwere in comitatu Somersete 
sint liberi de omnibus custumat. in omnibus 
mercandisis quibuscunque mercandis in toto 
reg^o nostro ubi per nos libere possunt im- 
perpetuum. Et quod dictus Anselmus et Bur- 
genses sui habuerunt ex concessione antecessoris 
nostri Henrici reg^s primi Anglie Mauritio de 
Gaunt militi, et quod habeant, &c Dat. 
per manum nostrum apud Villam Sancti Jo- 
hannis ScotisB A^' regni nostri septimo in 
crastino post Epiphaniam D'ni.* 

No. 2. 

Anselm de Goumay*s Deed to Robert 
Hameton. 

Sciant, &c. Quod Ego Anselmus de Gur- 
nay dedi Roberto de Hameton, &c. In cujus 
rei testimonium huic prsBsenti cartSB sigillum 
meum secretum est appensum quia tunc tem- 
poris sigillum aliud non habui. Hujus testibus 
D*no Johanne de Sancto Laudo, D'no Hen*co de 
Bause tunc senescallo meo, D'no Thoma de 
Morton, militibus, &c. D'no Johanne tunc 
Capellano meo confectore hujus cartsB. 

Dat. apud Beyerstone Anno regni Edw. filii 
regis Henrici duodecimo, f 

• Towneley MS. p. 4. 
t Towneley MS. p. 8. 




No. 3. 
Deed of Pardon for the Death of WilUam 
Gomejf.* 
Rex omnibus Balliyis et fidelibus sois ad 
quos, &c. salutem. Quia testificatum est coram 
nobis per dilectum et fidelem nostrum Grim- 
baldum Pauncefot, Constabularium Castri 
nostri de Sancto Briayello et custodem fbreste 
nostre de Dene, quod Will'us Gomey transgres- 
sor consuetus de venatione nostra in fbresta 
pr»dicta transgressiones hujus modi et alias 
transgressiones et roberias ibidem contra paoem 
nostram incessanter perpetrayit, propter qaod 
Ricardus le Venur forestarius noster fbresfce 
prsedicte prsefatum Will'm in forests pras- 
dicta fiigientem et se secundum legem et can- 
suetudinem regni nostri justidari non permit- 
tentem cum clamore et uthesioi* insecutns 
fuit et ipsum deputayit ; % perdonavimus ddem 
Ricardo sectam pacis nostne qu» ad nos 
pertinet pro morte prasdicti et firmam pacem 

• Rot. Pat. 13 Edw. I. m. 18. P. Rio'o le Venur de 
Fdon. 
f Uthenum or haesiam, u e» hue and erj. X Sic. 



APP. 



CIX.] 



RICHARD LB VBNUR. 



635 



nostram ei inde conoedimus. Ita tamen quod 
Btet recto in curia nostra, si quis versus eum 
inde loqui voluerit. In cujus, &c. T. R. apud 
Westm' yii. die Jun'. 



No. 4. 
Universis, ^c. Anseknus de Gumay salutem. 
Noveritis me dedisse Joh'i de Bause wardam et 



maritagium Willelmi filii et haeredis Rogeri 
Bavel, &c. Testibus D'no Thoma de Gumay 
rectore ecclesiae de Hulton, Thoma le Waleys, 
Roberto de Gumayy Thoma de Saneto Laudo, 
&c. sine data. 

We are unable to fix this Thomas de Gumay 
rector of Hulton. 




636 



JOHN DE GOURNAY OF EAST HARPTREE AND HIS 

DESCENDANTS. 



John de Gournat, eldest son and heir of Anselm de Gournay and 
Sibilla de Byvon, was twenty-six years old at his father's death, in 1286; 
and had livery of his land the following year :' so that he was bom in 
1260. In 1280, the 9th Edw. I. when he was twenty years of age, he was 
already married to Olivia daughter of Henry Lord Luvel of Kari, and 
sister of Hugh Luvel, Baron of Kari, who agreed in that year to make 
payment quarterly until all was discharged of 100 marks, her marriage 
portion; but, as their daughter Elizabeth was sixteen years old in 1291, 
they must have married about the year 1275, when John de Gournay was 
only fifteen years old. 

The family of the Lords Luvel of Castle Gary, in Somersetshire, were 
descended from William son of Ascelin Gouel de Percheval, Lord of Ivery 
in Normandy,^ from whom as we have already seen the family of De 
Harptree was derived, according to the History of the House of Ivery ; 
but we have shown that this descent of the Harptrees is erroneous, and 
that they are derived from the house of Tilly in Normandy (App. CVI.) 
The Levels were Barons of great estate, and became extinct in the reign of 
Edward III. 

The arms of Luvel of Castle Gary were. Or, sem^ of 

cross-crosslets, a lion rampant azure. 
A branch of this family seated at Minster Lovel in 

Oxfordshire has been already noticed in this Record, 

page 190. 

In 15 Edward I. 1287, John de Gournay, son and heir 

of Anselm, confirmed to the monks of St. Peter's, 

Gloucester, certain lands, and the advowson of Bevers- 




• Rot. Fin. 16 Edw. I. m. 7. 



»> Ord. Vit. 596 A. 



A. D. 1291.] 



FAMILY OF AP-ADAM. 



637 



tone, which Anselm his father had given, having procured a license to 
alienate them by mortmain ; ^ and some tune before his death he gave to 
Robert de Gumai of Overwere, his brother, and Margaret his wife, lands 
in Netherwere. 

This John de Goumay died aged 31, in 1291, leaving Olivia his widow, 
who survived him ; and died five years afterwards, 24 Edw. I. in 1296, 
seized of the manors of Radwyck and Northwyck in Gloucestershire ; East 
Hampstow in Sussex ; Harptree, Caldecote, Hydon, and Barew-Gumey in 
Somersetshire.^ 

The only child and heiress of John de Goumay and Olivia his wife was 
Elizabeth, who was sixteen years of age at her father's death, and was then 
married to John Ap-Adam, who doing his fealty, had livery of her father's 
lands, and, on the death of her mother in 1296, of those also held by her 
in jointure. 

This John Ap-Adam had summons to Parliament as a Baron from 25 
Edw. I. to the 3 of Edw. 11. He and Elizabeth his wife had an only son 
Thomas, who was of age the 18th Edw. II.; he alienated many of the 
estates he had inherited ; Barew-Goumay and Beverstone Castle, were sold 
by him to Thomas de Berkeley, a great warrior in the reign of Edward III. 
Thomas Ap-Adam married Johanna Basset, and that he died without issue 
is shewn by the rest of the fiefs of his mother Elizabeth reverting to the 
other branches of the family of Goumay. 

Prom the Towneley MS., we are enabled to give a 
charter of Olivia de Goumay, during her widowhood, 
and two of Thomas Ap-Adam's, by which it will be 
perceived that Thomas de Goumay of East Harptree, 
his relation, was his seneschal. (App. CX. Nos. 1, 2, 3.) 
Ap-Adam bore for arms. Argent, on a cross gules 
five etoiles or. 

I cannot find any account of this family ; but from 
the name I conjecture it was of Welch origin. 



y y jf 

w 



• Hist, of the House of Ivery, vol. ii. p. 602. ^ Inquis. post mort. 24 Edw. I. vol. i. p. 128. 



638 



JOHN DB GOURNAY OF BAST HARPTRBB. [PART IV 



APPENDIX ex. 



No. 1. 
Deed of Olivia de Goumay, 
ley MS. 



From Towne' 



Notom sit omnibas, &c. Quod Ego Olivia 
quondam uxor Johannis de Gomay iu mea 
legia yiduitate dedi et quietum clamavi ThomsB 
de Bernewood et Nicho1a» uxori suae totum jus 
et clameum quod habui in illis tenementis qu» 
habuerunt de dono et concessione prsedicti 
Johannis de Gomey quondam mariti mei, &c 

Sine data. 



No. 2. 
ThonMs Ap'Adam. 



Ibid. 



Omnibus, &c. Thomas filius et hsBres D'ni 
Johannis Ap-Adam, miles, salutem. Noveritis 
me inspexisse cartam quam D n's Anselmus de 
Gorney, proavus mens, fecit Roberto de Ham- 
ton in heritagio in hsec verba. Ego Anselmus 
de Gomay dedi, &c. Roberto de Hamton, &c. 
Testibus D'no Johanne de Santo Laudo, Joh'e 
de Beause, Thoma de Moriton, Militibus 
Johanne de Goroey filio meo primogenito, 
Will'mo de Gomey filio meo, Roberto de 
baneris, &c. 

Quam quidem donationem, concessionem, &c. 
Testibus D'no Thoma de Gomey seniore, 



Thoma de Gomey juniore Mititibus, Waltero 
de Rodley, Johanne de Moreton, &c. dat. apod 
Est Harptree A^. 2 RegU Edw. III. 



No. 3. 

Letter from Thomas Ap-Adam. Ibid. 

Thomas Ap-Adam Seigneur de est Harptre 
a sire Thomas de Gomay son seneshall et a 
Will'm de Overe son bayliffe salutz en Dieu. 
Farce que je ay repete le echange a bune 
temps fait entre Mons. John mon pere et Hers 
de Seynte Croys et Agnes sa femme des abunes* 
parcelles de terres et pastures 

en ma pasture de West Harptree et 
Est Harptree et lour ay grante de au eux 
rendre ces que nous tenons par resone de cele 
eschange, &c^ Nous donnons p. leys poer par 
certes nos I'res a reprendre totes les parcelles 
de terre en notre mayn, que les avaunt diti 
Perys et Agnes tenent per raison de cete 
eschange, et auxi et a lyverer a mesmes ceux 
Perys et Agnes totes les parcelles de terre et la 
pasture selon la 

tenour de la charte que Mon'. Anselme de 
Gomey raon besael de ces fist au Robert de 
Hamestone clerke de quele ie ay confirme, drc 

Done a Est Harptree Tan du r&gne Roy 
Edward tierce apres le conquest second. 



Abunes — abonne^, inclosed. 



639 



ROBERT DE GOURNAY OF OVERWERE, 

SECOND SON OF ANSBLM AND SIBILLA, AND HIS DESCENDANTS. 

This Robert de Goumay received as his paternal inheritance the great 
manor of Overwere, on the coast of Somerset, near Axbridge ; and from 
his elder brother, John de Goumay, seventy-two shillings rent from the 
manor of Netherwere. This gift of rent was afterwards disputed by 
Olivia de Goumay, widow of John, in 1292 ; and a law-suit of some years' 
standing ensued between her and this Robert and Margaret his wife ; but 
Olivia and her heirs eventually recovered it, in spite of collusive manage- 
ment between Robert de Goumay and William de Marchia, Bishop of 
Bath and Wells. Disputes also arose respecting the manor of Overwere, 
which however continued in Robert and his descendants.* 

Robert de Gournay and Margaret his wife had issue Anselm de 
Goumay. 

Anselm de Gournay, of Overwere, called '* Le Pere," defended his right 
the 8th of Edw. 11. 1315, to four messuages and a shop in the suburbs of 
Bristol without the Newgate, against John de la Robe and Alice his wife.** 
This Anselm de Goumay le Pere and Thomas de Goumay, with John 
parson of the church of Langebigge and others, were accused in the 
8th Edw. II. of taking away by violence from the lands of Roger Leger 
at Langebigge, who was at the time a prisoner amongst the Scots, three 
horses, twelve oxen, six cows, two-hundred sheep, and sixty pigs, of the 
value of £50 ; also, in the like way, goods and chattels of the value of 
£100; and therefore the writ directs the sheriff of Somersetshire to ex- 
amine into the truth by the inquisition of honest men. — Tested at Rame- 
seye, 3d day of November. 

The original is copied at full length (App. CXI.) 

This is a curious instance of the lawless state of society at this period, 
in which a Baron and his relation, and the parson of the parish, would com- 

• Hist, of the House of Ivery, vol. ii. p. 523. ^ Ibid. p. 5^8. 



640 



60URNAYS OF OVBRWBRB. 



[part IV. 



mit an act of violent robbery upon the property of a neighbour, when he 
was a prisoner in an enemy^s country. 

The nth Edw. II. 1318, Anselm de Gournay and Christiana his wife 
had possession of the manor of Overwere.* 

By Christian his wife he had a son Anselm. 

Anselm de Gournay, of Overwere, " Le Fils," was lord of the manor of 
Overwere the 22d of Edw. III. 1 349, and held lands in King*s Weston the 
25th of the same reign : he was living in the 32d of Edw. III. 1359. 

Anselm de Gournay, junior, was killed by Johannes Att-Sloo. Johanna 
his widow brings her appeal, which she abandons. Joh'es Att-Sloo is 
indicted at the King's suit, and the jury find a verdict that Joh*es Att- 
Sloo slew Anselm de Gournay " se defendendo."** 

By Joan his wife he had issue, 

1 . Thomas de Gournay, of whom we proceed to speak ; and 

2. Robert de Gournay, who died s. p.*' 

Thomas de Gournay, son of Anselm " Le Pils," was Lord of Overwere. 
The 43d Edw. III. he gave lands to John Hampton, as the following deed 
from the Towneley MSS. shews. 

^'Sciant, &c. Quod Ego Thomas Gomay dedi Johanni Hampton et 
hseredibus suis, &c. 

" Dat. apud Overwere, Anno Regis Edward! tertii quadragesimo tertio." 
The seal was, the pales, with the difference of a fleur 
de lis on the third pale. 

This Thomas Gorney, of Overwere, was found to be 
the son and heir of Anselm on the death of the latter, 
in the 45th of Edw. III. 1372. We think it probable 
this is the Sir Thomas de Gournay mentioned by Frois- 
sart in the wars of Gascony.** 

He conferred lands in Overwere on William Proute 




• Hist, of the House of Ivery, ut supra. »> Pat 33 Edw. HI. p. 3, m. 30, A'- 1360. 

c Hist of the House of Ivery, p. 530. 

^ Johnes' Edit of Froissart, vol. iv. chap. 41 and 43. Amongst the companions of Sir Thomas 
de Gournay, Sir Matthew Foulkes and Sir John Cresswell are mentioned — ^both names nearly 
connected with the existing family in Norfolk. 



A.D. 1391.] 



GOURNAYS OF OVERWBRE. 



641 







and Julian his wife, in the presence of George Bythmore his son-in-law ; 
and died before the 14th of Richard II. 1391, when Alianor his widow was 
Lady of Overwere ; she was his second wife, and had 
no children by him. In that year she was remarried 
to Richard Power. 

Thomas Goumay^s first wife was Elizabeth de Counte- 
ville or Caundeville, heiress of Richard de Counteville, 
Lord of Alwarton in Somerset, and descended from a 
Norman family of high extraction and great antiquity. 
C!ounteville bore for arms. Ermine, a chief indented gules. 

By this lady Thomas de Goumay had an only 
daughter Joan, married before the 14th of Richard II. 
to George de la More, or By the More, of a family 
seated in the county of Somerset from the time of 
Henry I. 

Bythemore bore for arms, Barry of ten, argent and 

azure, over all a chevron gules. 

The heiress of that branch of the Bythemores that sprang from this 

marriage married, in the reign of Henry VIII. David 

Perceval, Esq. whose descendant the Earl of Egmont is 







^WVWNAAA^^ representative of this branch of the Goumays of Somer- 
setshire.* 

Perceval bears. Argent, on a chief indented gules three 
crosses pat^e or. 




• Hist of the House of Ivery, vol. ii. pp. 27, 89, and 532. 



4 V 



642 



[PABT IV. 



APPENDIX CXI. 



PATENT ROLL RESPECTING ANSELM AND THOMAS DE GOURNAY. 



R. dilecto et fidelibus suis WilVo de Burne, 
Johanni Randolf, et Waltero de Pavelly, salu- 
tem. Ex gravi querela Rogeri Leger accepi- 
mus quod Adam filius Joh'is le Walsh, Joh'nes 
persona ecclesisB de Langerigge, Johannes Huse 
de Swayneswyk, Will's de Weston, Thomas de 
Whitlokesmede, Thom' de Gumay, Anselmus 
de Gumay, Joh'es fiV WilFi le Ken de Bathonia, 
Joh'es Chaun taillour, Walterus le Chaum- 
berlayne, Walterus Payn, Robertus fiU Ad», 
Ricardus Russell, et Johannes de BuUeye, ac 
alii malefactores et pacis nostras perturbatores 
vi et armis tres equos, duodecim boves, sex 
vaccas, ducentas oves, et sexaginta porcos 
ipsius Rogeri precii quinquaginta lib', apud 
Langerigge juxta Bathoniam inventos ceperunt 
et abduxerunt, et bona, et catalla sua ad valen- 
ciam C lib*, ibidem similiter inventa ceperunt 
et asportaverunt, et alia enormia ei intulerunt ad 
grave dampnum ipsius Rogeri et contra pacem 
nostram. Et quia transgressionem illam si 
taliter perpetrata fuerit relinquere nolumus 
impunitam, assignavimus vos et duos vestrum 
quorum tos prasfatu Willu alterum esse volumus 
ad inquirendum per Sacramentum proborum et 



legalium hominum de comitatu Sumerset per 
quos rei Veritas melius sciri potent de nomi- 
nibus malefactorum prssdictorum qui una cum 
prsB&tis Ada, Joh'e, &c transgressionem 
prssdictam perpetrarunt et de transgressione 
prssdicta plenius veritatem et ad eandem trans- 
g^ssionem audiendam et terminandam secun- 
dum legem et consuetudinem Regni nostri 
Angliae. Et ideo vobis mandamus quod ad 
certos dies et loca quos vos vel duo vestrum 
quorum, &c. ad hoc provideritis, inquisitionem 
illam faciatis et transgressionem prsedictam 
audiatis et terminetis in forma prssdicta, £u;tiiri 
inde quod ad justidam pertinet secnndnm 
legem et consuetudinem salvis nobis amerda- 
mentis &c. M andavimus enim A^cecomiti nostro 
Sum'set quod &c. venire faciat coram vobis &c. 
tot et tales probos et legales homines de balliva 
sua per quos rei Veritas in premissis mdiios 
sdri poterit et inqniri. T. R. apud Rameseye 
iii. die Novr. 

Per cane' gratis p' qnerente eo quod in 
obsequio Regis per Scotos inimicos R. in Scot'* 
nuper captus fuit et per ipsos detentus. 



THOMAS DE GOURNAY OF INGLISHCOMBE, 

YOUNGEST SON OF ANSELM DE GOURNAY AND SIBILLA DE BYVON, AND 

HIS DESCENDANTS, 

Was Lord of Inglishcombe, Farington, and West Harptree, and was pro- 
bably youngest of the three sons, as he is styled in a cotemporary record 
" filius junior." To him Anselm his father granted the manor of Inglish- 
combe for the annual service of a rose, and that of Farington for twelve 
cross-bow shots. 

He had issue Thomas de Gournay his eldest son the Regicide. 



Sir Thomas de Gournay (The Regicide). We find by the Parlia- 
mentary writs that this Thomas de Gournai was in 1319,' 12 Edw. II. 
required to perform military service against the Scots. He was a partizan 
of the Earl of Lancaster in his rebeUion against Edw. II. and the Spencers. 
This earl and ninety-four barons and knights were taken prisoners at the 
Battle of Pomfret in 1322.** We presume Sir Thomas de Gournay was 
among this number,*^ as Thomas Gumey *^ chevalier " was a prisoner in the 
Tower of London, and in 1324, having adhered to the Earl of Lancaster 
and the Barons in rebellion, submitted to a fine of 100/., on consideration 
whereof his life was spared, and he was discharged from prison on giving 
surety for his good behaviour, and for the payment of his fine. Again in 
the same year he received a full pardon in consideration of the fine to 
which he had submitted, and in the following year, 1326, he was summoned 
from the county of Somerset to perform military service in Guienne, he 
having obtained his pardon on condition of serving the King in his wars. 

We do not find that any family connection existed between the Mor- 
timers and Sir Thomas de Gournay, although afterwards his youngest son 

• Vol. ii. p. 961. ^ Kapin*8 Hist, of England, vol. i. p. 396. 

<^ Parliamentary Writs, voL ii. p. 961. 



644 THOMAS DB GOURNAY THE REOICIDB. [PART IV. 

Sir Matthew de Gournay married Alice Beauchamp the grand-daughter of 
the famous Roger Mortimer Earl of March. As guardians of the Welsh 
frontier, the family of Mortimer possessed great influence in all the 
neighhouring counties. 

Sir Thomas de Gournay was a man of a savage and cruel disposition, 
and a strong partizan of Queen Isabella and the Mortimers, in opposition 
to Edward 11. and was intrusted by that princess, in conjunction with John 
Maltravers and William de Ogle, with the custody of her unfortunate 
husband.* 

The King at first had been deUvered into the hands of the Earl of 
Leicester, whose family treated him with too much lenity. Queen Isabella 
and her paramour transferred him to the care of these three Knights. 
Gournay and Maltravers conducted him from Kenilworth to Corfe Castle, 
then to Bristol, where the citizens shewing some disposition to send him 
abroad, his keepers removed him in the night to Berkeley Castle. 

Thomas Lord Berkeley was ordered to receive him there by indenture 
of the Earl of Lancaster (brother of that earl who was beheaded after the 
Battle of Pomfret), having an allowance of 5/. a day for his expenses ; but 
the Lord Berkeley was accused of treating the deposed monarch with too 
much consideration ; whereupon that nobleman retired to Bradley, one of 
his manor houses.** 

Gournay and Maltravers were now his sole keepers, and they exercised 
towards him every sort of indignity, under the direction of the Queen and 
her minister Adam de Orleton Bishop of Hereford, in the hope of 
destroying him by their cruel and insulting treatment. They caused him 
to ride thinly clad, and with uncovered head, that the severity of the 
weather might affect him. They prevented him from sleeping, gave him 
unwholesome food, and contradicted all his wishes, in order that by 
watchings, cold, and mortifications, they might hurry him to a premature 
grave. Pursuing this plan of crafty villany they made him a crown of 
straw, and ironically saluted him " Fare forth. Sir King." To avoid 
meeting any of his friends, they turned towards the marshes of the Severn, 

» Hist, of the House of Ivery, vol. ii. p. 51 1. ** Ibid. vol. ii. p. 512. 



A.D. 1327.] MURDER OF EDWARD II, 645 

and to prevent his being recognised resolved that his head should be 
shaved, bringing some dirty water out of a neighbouring ditch for the 
purpose. The King weeping profusely at this indignity exclaimed " that 
he would have warm water, although from his own tears/* 

The wretched King secured at Berkeley, his unworthy Queen renewed 
her consultations with the Bishop of Hereford. Their scheme of des- 
troying him by afflictions and privations not having succeeded, the safety 
not only of themselves but of many others was now involved, and 
demanded the death of Edward, whose protracted life was contemplated 
with all the impatience of alarmed and conscious guilt. 

Reproachful letters were sent to his gaolers for behaving towards him 
with too much delicacy. And the Bishop of Hereford, knowing that they 
dared not proceed to the last extremity without a written authority, sent 
them an ambiguous order, couched in the following words " Edwardum 
occidere nolite timere bonum est," which may be translated according to 
the punctuation, either " Fear not to kill Edward, it is a good thing ; " or 
" Do not kill Edward, it is good to fear it." 

The order was interpreted as was intended, and the inhuman wretches 
Goumay and Maltravers shut their sovereign up in a loathsome chamber, 
imagining the fetid exhalations would destroy him, but the King reaching 
a window cried out to some carpenters who were working near. 

They now found that nothing but actual murder would avail ; and one 
night whilst he was in bed they rushed upon him, half suffocated him 
with bolsters, and thrust a red hot iron into his bowels through a horn, in 
order that no external mark might appear. The wretched Edward 
screamed in his agonies till some in the castle heard him, who, suspecting 
the catastrophe, began to pray for his departing soul ; but no one dared to 
interfere, and he expired in torture unrelieved. 

'< Mark the year, and mark the night, 
When Seyem shall re-echo with affright 
The shrieks of death through Berkeley's roofs that ring, 
Shrieks of an agonizing King ; 
She-wolf of France, with unrelenting fangs, 
That tears the bowels of thy mangled mate.'* — Gray's Bard. 



646 



THOMAS DE 60URNAT THE REGICIDE. 



[pAUT IV. 




BEBKELET CASTLE. 



This took place in 1327. 

Whilst Isabella and Mortimer continued in power, the perpetrators of 
this act remained at large, and unmolested.' Edward III. was little 
more than fourteen when his father was put to death, and was probably 
ignorant of the whole transaction at the time it took place. Upon his 
coming to the age of eighteen, he assumed the government of affairs, and 
upon the fall of Mortimer, and the imprisonment of Isabella, Maltravers 
and Goumey fled the country ; the former into Germany, where he lingered 
out a clandestine and miserable existence, until he received a pardon and 
returned.** 

* Sharon Turner's History of England during the Middle Ages, vol. 2, p. 158 ; from which 
much of the preceding account has been extracted. 
»> Ibid. 



A.D. 1331.] HIS BSCAPB INTO SPAIN. 647 

We are able to give a detailed account of the capture and death of Sir 
Thomas de Goumay, from a paper on the subject communicated to the 
Society of Antiquaries by the Rev. Joseph Hunter, F.S.A.* 

*' On December 3rd, 4th Edward III. ( 1 330), four days after the execu- 
tion of Mortimer, and above three years after the death of King Edward 
II., writs were issued to the sheriffs of counties, and to the mayors and 
bailiffis of certain ports, commanding them to arrest any of the following 
persons, who were accused of certain crimes, and who, it was supposed, 
were about to leave the realm, namely, John Maltravers, Thomas de 
Goumay, John Wyard, William de Exon, late CJonstable of the Castle of 
Wallingford, John Deveroill, and William de Ocle. (Feed. ii. 801.) (See 
App. CXII. where this and the other documents from Rymer's Foedera are 
given at length.) 

" And on December 15th writs tested at Westminster on that day, not 
in the Foedera, were issued to the sheriff, commanding them to take into 
their hands the manors, lands, tenements, goods and chattels of John 
Maltravers, Thomas de Goumay, Bogo de Baiocis, John Deverel, and 
William de Ocle, adherents of Roger Mortimer, the enemy of the late King 
and the realm, who, having committed divers felonies and excesses against 
the peace of the King and kingdom, had clandestinely withdrawn them- 
selves, and not appeared to be judged according to the customs of the realm. 

"Also on the 23rd of April, in the 6th Edward III. (1331), a writ, not 
printed, was addressed to John de Staunford and Thomas de Gargrave, 
commanding them to examine the contents of a chest and certain casks 
which Goumay, when he was Constable of the Castle of Bristol, had sent 
to the neighbouring abbey of Keynsham, there to be safely kept for him : 
and, on May 17 following, another writ issued to William de Bath, clerk, 
commanding him to open the chest, and to sell the contents of it and of 
the casks in the presence of the Mayor of Bristol. 

" About this time the King received information of the country to which 
Goumay had withdrawn himself, and at the same time that he was in 
custody there. In the liberate Rolls is a writ dated June 23, in 5th 
Edward III. (1331), addressed to the Treasurer and Chamberlains of the 

* Archseologia, vol. xxvii. p. 274. 



648 THOMAS DB GOURNAY THE REGICIDE. [PART IV. 

Exchequer, directing the payment of 50/. to one Ferandus Ivaynes de 
Greynoun, for his expenses in coming from Spain and returning thither, he 
having brought information of the capture of Sir Thomas de Goumay : 
and on the Gascon Rolls is another writ, dated on the same day, addressed 
to the Constable of Bourdeaux, directing the pajrment of 300/. to John 
Martin de Leyna, for his great expense and labour in the capture of 
Thomas de Gournay, our enemy and traitor, in Spain, and in his detention 
there, which 300/. were to be paid to him on the delivery of his captive at 
Bayonne. Both these writs are in the Foedera, pp. 820 and 821. (App. 
CXII. No. 7 and 8.) 

*^ This intelligence had been received before the 20th day of May ; for on 
that day the King addressed a letter, which is also in the Foedera, to 
Alphonso King of Castille, informing him that he has received information 
from various persons, that Sir Thomas de Goumay, who is accused of the 
death of the late King, and has fled from judgment, had been arrested at 
Burgos, within his dominions, and is now detained in prison under his 
authority : he gives him thanks for so acceptable a service, and asks that 
the King would cause Gournay to be delivered to John de Haustede, his 
Seneschal of Gascony, or to persons deputed by him, in order that he 
might be brought to England. On the same day the King wrote to the 
Mayor, Eschevins, Consuls, and community of the city of Burgos, reciting 
the same facts, and praying them to deliver up Gournay to John de 
Haustede, or his deputies. (Feed. 819.) 

" Eight days after the King wrote a second letter to the King of Castille, 
and also to the authorities of Burgos, repeating his request that Goumay 
might be delivered to the Seneschal of Gascony, but also requesting that 
he might be examined touching the charges, by the authorities of Burgos, 
or persons deputed by them, in the presence of Bernard Pelegrym his 
serjeant-at-arms, who was sent for that purpose, and who was no doubt 
the bearer of these letters. Whatever confession the prisoner might make, 
and whoever they might be whom he might implicate, he requests that a 
faithful report may be made of it under the common seal of the city, and 
delivered to his said Serjeant. (Feed. 820.) 

" And on the same 28th of May the King wrote to Sir John de Leynham, 
the Chamberlain of the King of Spain, intimating that he had heard of 



A.D. 1331.] E6IDIUS DE ISPANNIA. 649 

Goumay's arrest by him, and of his being detained in prison, and request- 
ing that he would cause him to be taken to Bayonne, there to be delivered 
to the Mayor, Jurates, and probi homines of the city, who would receive 
instructions from Egidius de Ispannia, whom he calls * dilectus valettus 
noster,' concerning the bringing him to England. (Feed. 820.) This 
John de Leynham seems to be the same person in whose favour the warrant 
for the payment of 300Z. was issued, although the designation of him on 
the Close Rolls diflFers from that on the Liberate Rolls. The King wrote 
at the same time to the Mayor, &c. of Bayonne concerning the receipt of 
the prisoner. 

" No information has been obtained respecting the journey of Bernard 
Pelegrym, nor have any confessions, if made, of the prisoner been preserved. 
Pelegrym*s duties seem to have been confined to the confession ; but to 
Egidius de Ispannia was committed the duty of gaining possession of the 
prisoner, and conveying him to England. On the 30th of May, by another 
writ, also in the Foedera, 820, addressed to all Sheriffs, Mayors, Bailiffs; 
Ministers, masters of vessels, mariners, and other faithful, as well within 
liberties as without, they are commanded to render every assistance to the 
said Egidius who is sent to bring to England Thomas de Gournay. And 
on the 8th of June following, Edward addressed the King of Navarre, whose 
name is lost on the roll, but who must have been Philip the Third, entreat- 
ing that he would give safe conduct to the persons who might pass through 
his dominions taking Gournay to the city of Bayonne. (Feed. 820.) 

" Egidius set out on this service from Saint Edmundsbury, where the 
King then was, on May 31st, 1331 ; and on his return he deUvered into 
the Exchequer an account of the expenses of his journey, in which are 
several important particulars. (See App. CXIII. No. 2 and No. 3 ) 

" He did not leave England till the 1 1 th of June, on which day he crossed 
to Whitsand. In four days he reached Paris, where he was detained four 
days more, waiting for a letter from the King to the King of Spain. He 
was ten days in going to Bourdeaux, and there he remained seven days. 
When he left Bourdeaux his first object was to obtain an interview with 
the King of Navarre. After many days' search he found him at Tudela, 
and remaining a short time with him proceeded to Burgos. He gives no 

4q 



650 THOMAS DB GOURNAY THE REGICIDE. [PART IV. 

account of any thing which passed at Burgos : but it is quite clear that 
Gournay was not delivered up ; for the next item in the account relates to 
his proceeding from Burgos to ^ Bitoria ' (Vittoria) with the King's letter 
to ^ John Martyn de Lene ' for the deUvery of the body of Gournay, from 
whence he returned to Burgos. It now becomes quite evident from these 
accounts, that the authorities in Spain were by no means willing to comply 
with the request of the King of England, though so urgently made, and in 
a case in which it might be supposed that all the sovereigns of Europe 
would have been interested, to say nothing of the natural feeling of horror 
at a crime so pecuUarly atrocious. Egidius had to seek the King of Spain. 
Through bad information he went first to Valla de Leet (Valladolid) expect- 
ing to find the King there, but being in this disappointed he proceeded to 
Madrich (Madrid), where the King then was. He remained at Madrid not 
less than thirty days. When the King removed to Avilla, Egidius accom- 
panied him. Not less than fifteen days were spent there ; and the King 
going to Segovia, Egidius went also, and was there not less than another 
thirty days. All this time he was amused with expectation of the coming 
of John Martyn, and this expectation continued while he followed the court 
to Coylla (Cuella), where he spent thirteen days, and to Valladolid, where 
he was twenty days. 

" In this manner the whole winter was spent, Gournay still lying in 
prison at Burgos. 

" At length the King must have consented to deliver the prisoner to him, 
or Egidius must have so understood him ; for we next find him proceeding 
from ValladoUd to Bourdeaux, for the purpose of obtaining the three 
hundred pounds which were to be paid for the delivery of Gournay. The 
money was to be paid at Pampeluna. Two-and-twenty days were consumed 
in this expedition ; but on his return to Spain, he discovered that the 
prisoner had found means of making his escape. 

^' Egidius seems to have transmitted intelligence to England that the 
prisoner was in his hands before he was actually in possession, for in no 
other way can we account for a document printed in the Foedera, 832, 
from the Gascon Rolls, which is a letter addressed to the Mayor, Jurates, 
and probi homines of Bayonne, dated February 13, and there placed in the 



A.D. 1332.] HIS ESCAPE FROM BURGOS. 651 

6th of the Kmg (1332), commanding them to deliver the body of Gournay, 
then in prison in their city, to Peter Bernard de Pynsole, to be by him 
brought to England. (App. CXII. No. 13.) 

"The attention of Egidius was now turned to the pursuit and recovery of 
the fugitive. He went into Arragon, and spent nearly a month in a fruitless 
search, after which he proceeded to Burgos, to inquire into the manner in 
which the escape had been eflFected. He there found that, though the 
principal criminal had escaped, his valet remained behind, and was still in 
prison in that city. This was John Tilly. Nearly a month was spent in 
endeavours to obtain possession of Tilly. In this he succeeded ; and we 
next find him traversing Navarre, with Tilly in his custody, on his way into 
Gascony. At the town of Olyt he met, by chance as it appears, with 
another of the minor actors in this affair, namely Robert Lynel, on whom 
he seizes. He deposited both at Castrum Stellae (Estella?) ; and he then 
set himself a second time to endeavour the recovery of Gournay. Another 
month is devoted to this search ; but having no success, he deposits Tilly 
in the Castrum Mallionis, in Gascony, and returns by sea to England. He 
landed at Dover on the 17th of June 1332, having been absent on this 
service 372 days. 

^' Such is the remarkable history of this mission, as it is to be gathered 
from the items of an account containing his claims on the Exchequer, 
which are very moderate, amounting to no more than 44/. 7s. 8d. The 
part respecting TiUy and Lynel might be illustrated from documents in the 
Foedera ; but of these 1 shall notice only one. Tilly we have seen was 
carried forward into Gascony, while Lynel remained in Navarre. There is 
in the Foedera a letter from the Close Rolls, dated June 26, 6th Edward 
HL ( 1 332), addressed to Philip King of Navarre, desiring him to deliver 
the said Lynel, whom Egidius de Ispannia had arrested in his dominions, 
and who was then in the custody of Henry Lord of SoiUy, to the person 
who is the bearer of the letter. 

"Egidius appears to have lost no credit by the ill success of his mission. 
Immediately on his return to England, he was employed in the pursuit of 
other persons who had been concerned in the death of King Edward. The 
writ, commanding all Sheriffs and others to assist him in this second com- 
mission, dated July 1, 6th Edward III (1332), is in the Foedera, 840; and. 



652 THOMAS DB GOURNAY THE REGICIDE. [PART IV. 

corresponding with it, is an account in the Exchequer of what was done 
by him. As this does not relate to Gournay, of whose place of retreat we 
shall hear immediately, I shall be brief in my notices of it, but it contains 
some facts too intimately connected with this subject, and too much 
unknown, to be passed over, so convenient an opportunity of noticing them 
being presented. 

" On July 26 he took at Rochester William de Kingsclere, accused of 
the King's death, whom he delivered to Ralph de Cromwell, Constable of 
the Tower of London. On September 8 he took Sir Richard de Well, 
accused of the same crime, at Weston, near Northampton, and brought 
him to London, but he was afterwards committed to William de Elland* 
Constable of the Castle of Nottingham. On January 31st he took John le 
Spicer, under the same charge, at London, and deUvered him to John 
Hamont, one of the Sheriffs. On the 9th of February he went abroad. 
He travelled in various parts of France in search of fugitives, from whence 
he crossed into Spain, and made a second arrest of John Tilly at Burgos 
on June 10. On August 20, he delivered him to Raymund de Meyncent, 
Constable of Castrum Mallionis, in Gascony. It would seem that he had 
been released, or had made his escape. 

" King Edward the Third was not to be diverted from his purpose of 
gaining possession of Gournay, by the lucky escape which the prisoner had 
effected, when just on the point of being delivered up. We have nothing 
to show by what channel information was communicated to him of the 
place to which Gournay had withdrawn himself. But as early as the 16th 
of January 1333, he had learned that the fugitive was at Naples, and that 
there he had been arrested at the suit of William de Cornwall, who was 
probably an emissary of the King's sent in pursuit of him. On that day 
the King, being at York, delivered instructions to a knight of that county, 
Sir William de Thweng, to proceed to Naples, and to bring Gournay to 
England. We have no writs, letters of credence, or other documents 
relating to this expedition in the Foedera, and only one allusion to it, 
which will be noticed hereafter : but we need no better evidence than the 
account which Thweng rendered of the expenses of his mission, a docu- 
ment of which the following is the title : 

" ' Particulae Compoti Williehni de Tweng militis, euntis in obsequium 



A. D. 1333.] HIS CAPTURE AT NAPLES. 653 

Regis ad partes Secilise pro quibusdam negociis Regis in curia Domini 
Roberti Regis Seciliae de Naples expediendis, mense Januarii anno vii. 
Regis Edwardi tercii a conquestu, per breve Regis : videlicet ad que- 
rendum et in Angliam ducendum Thomam de Goumai militem rectatum de 
morte Regis Edwardi patris Regis nunc, attachiatum ad sectam cujusdam 
Willielmi de Cornewayl apud Naples in curia Roberti Regis Seciliae.' 
(App. CXIII. No. 3.) 

" Thweng proceeded to Nice, from whence he crossed by sea to the port 
of Pisa, where he hired horses, which took him to Pisa, and he proceeded 
by the same mode of travelling to Naples. Here the first items in the ac- 
count are for the purchase of certain armour : next of a silver cup which 
was presented to Sir John de la Hay, the Seneschal of the King of Sicily. 
This cost twenty-five florins, equal to 4Z. 3s. Ad. sterling. He presented 
seven florins to the porter and chamberlain of the King and Queen of 
Sicily. The next items show that Gournay was in his hands : * Item, pro 
indumentis ad usum domini 'Iliomae Gournay vi flor.' then for linen and 
shoes bought for him, and finally, ' pro lecto habendo ad usum ejusdem 
Thomas in carcere.' He then charges for things bought for the use of 
William de Cornwall, and for presents to the servants of John de la Haye, 
and to the valets of the King's Admiral. 

" He freighted a ship at Naples for the port of Agmort (Aigues-mortes) 
which cost him 400 florins. Aigues-mortes is an obscure, and now 
greatly decayed, port in Languedoc, not far from Montpellier. Whether 
Thweng and his prisoner landed there seems doubtful, as we find them 
very soon at Coloure, another port more to the south, in the neighbourhood 
of Perpignan, where they purchased horses, mules, and saddles, as if there 
they began to travel by land. 

" But at Coloure they met with an unexpected interruption. It was no 
business of Thweng, in drawing up this account, to give a history of his 
mission, but only to account for the charges which he made. All there- 
fore which we have in the account itself, respecting this interruption, s, 
that six florins were paid, * pro deliberatione sua habenda, cum ille et 
omnes qui cum illo attachiati fuerunt apud Coloure ; * and again thirty- two 
florins at Bolon on the same account. 



654 THOMAS DE GOURNAT THE REGICIDE. [PART IV. 

^^ But a satisfactory and clear light is thrown upon this interruption, by 
a letter in the Foedera, 870, dated October 6, 1333. It is addressed to 
Alphonso, King of Arragon, and was written soon after the return of 
Thweng. It relates to certain claims which the heirs of Berengerius de la 
Tone had upon England ; and in the course of it, the King thanks the 
King of Arragon for having set at liberty William de Thweng, who, 
travelling through his dominions, having in his custody a certain flagitious 
person called Thomas de Goumay, had been arrested by the heirs afore- 
said. These unexpected correspondencies in documents, diflferent in their 
origin and character, and preserved in diflferent departments, give a con- 
fidence which a single document or a single chronicler might fail to 
inspire. 

*' This accident would probably occasion the detour which we now find 
that the party made. Coloure is in Roussillon, and it was, no doubt, the 
intention of Thweng to proceed with as much dispatch as possible to 
Bayonne or Bourdeaux; but, instead of this, he passed into Catalonia, 
going southward almost as far as Tarragona. A place called Bolon is the 
only place named in the account after he left Coloure, till we find him at 
Mount Blaunk, a small town about four leagues north of Tarragona. 
Here he and his charge arrived under the conduct of two officers, one of 
whom is styled Vicarius Bolon, and the other the King's Herald. At 
Mount Blaunk they were delayed by the illness of Gournay. There is an 
entry of thirty-nine florins paid to physicians, and for medicines for his 
use. There is also a charge of two florins paid to the minstrels of the 
King of Arragon* while they were at Mount Blaunk. Nor did the civility 
of King Alphonso end here, for he allowed one of his own servants to con- 
duct the party through his dominions on their way to Bayonne. 

" No circumstance is noticed of this part of the journey, and when we 
next find them they have traversed Arragon, crossed the Pyrenees, and are 



* Thus I confidently translate the *< Item, menestrallis Regis ArragoniaB," of the record ; 
though << menestrallus" seems to have been sometimes used for any officer in a household. The 
other is its more usual acceptation ; and the word << serviens " is immediately afterwards applied 
to another officer of the King of Arragon. 



A.D. 1333.] HIS DEATH AT BAYONNE. 655 

at Sordes, a little town on the Gave de Pau, within a short distance of 
Bayonne. Here they hire a vessel, in which they proceed down the river 
to Bayonne. 

'' We are now fast approaching the close of this narrative. At Bayonne 
Goumay, who must have been harassed in body and mind, was again 
suffering extremely from sickness. He had the assistance of two physi- 
cians, to whom twenty florins were paid for their attendance upon him. 
Thirty-two florins were paid for medicine, sums which show that there was 
a serious intention to save him if possible. He died at Bayonne. * Item, 
pro quadam navi pro corpore dicti Thomae tunc mortui ducendo de Bayon 
usque Burdeux xxvii flor'. Htem pro corpore dicti Thomae mortui 
prima vice praeparando xvi flor'. * Item pro eodem corpore preparando alia 
vic6 xviii flor.' Two notarial instruments, doubtless relating to the cir- 
cumstances of the death, were drawn up, one at Bayonne and. the other at 
Bourdeaux. 

*'The body was brought to England. The vessel touched at Sandwich 
for provisions, and then proceeded onward to Tynemouth, the King being 
then at Berwick. On the 7th of July 1333, Thweng presented himself to 
the King, to give an account of his misssion. His charges amounted to 
350/. 7*. lOrf. his own fee being ten shillings per diem. He remained 
with the King in his army at Berwick to July 20, thirty of his men, as well 
sailors as others, remaining in the ship ^ cum corpore Thomae de Gournay 
mortui ducto de dictis partibus de Naples.' Nothing is said of any 
interment." (We have extracted these particulars from the article in the 
Archaeologia named above.) 

It is worthy of remark that, although Edward was too young to be a 
party in the murder of his father, he by no means, on arriving at years 
of discretion, discountenanced those concerned in it. The infamous Adam 
de Orleton Bishop of Hereford was translated first to Worcester, and in 
1333 the year of Thomas de Gournay's death to Winchester.* Mal- 
travers was eventually pardoned and returned to England ; and the three 



Hejlin's Help to English History. 



636 



THOMAS DB GOURNAY THE REGICIDE. 



[part IV. 



children of Sir Thomas de Goumay were in favour with Edward III. 
especially the youngest, Sir Matthew de Gournay, a great warrior in the 
wars of Edward and the Black Prince. 

The estates of Sir Thomas de Goumay were forfeited to the Crown : but 
the 8th Edw. III. (1345) Joan his widow presented a petition to the King 
and his Council in Parliament, praying to be endowed in his manors of 
Farington, Inglescomb, and West Harptree, which petition being referred 
to the King's Bench these estates were eventually restored. By Joan his 
wife Thomas de Goumay * had issue, 

1 . Thomas, his son and heir. 

2. John de Gournay. 

3. George de Gournay. 

4. Matthew de Goumay : of each of these we give a separate account. 

5. A son named Walter, as appears by MSS. Harl. No. 1052, fol. 16. 

6. Edmund, precentor of WeUs. 

And a daughter Jane, married to Sir Andrew Branch and who died 
without issue. 

Joan the mother of these children, and wife of Sir Thomas de Goumay, 
was third daughter of Sir Matthew Fumeaux and 
widow of Sir John Trevett, by whom she had issue. 

The family of de Furneaux or de Fumellis were of 

considerable distinction in Somersetshire. They held 

the manors of Ashington and Stringston, in that county. 

Fumeaux bore for arms. Gules, a bend or between six 

cross-crosslets of the second. 




* See Collectanea Topographica et Genealogica, vol. iv. p. 70 ; where Sir Thomas Gomey's 
Arms are given, Barry paly of six, or and gules. — 2d Edw. II. 




APP. CXII.] 



657 



APPENDIX CXII. 



DOCUMENTS FROM RYMER RESPECTING SIR THOMAS DE GOURNAY THE REGICIDE. 



No. 1. 

(Rymer^s Fcederoj vol. ii. pars 2, page 801.^ 

De capiendo Johannetn Maltravers et alios. 

<A.D. 1830, An. 4 Edw. III.— Glaus. 4 Edw. III. 
m. 16 d. Id Turr. Loud.) 

<< Rex yicecomiti Northt', salutem. Quia ac- 
cepimus quod Johannes Maltravers, Thomas de 
Gumeye, Johannes Wyard, et Willielmus de 
Exon' nuper constabular' Castri de Walyng- 
ford', Johannes Deveroiir, Willielmus de Ocle, 
de diversis facinoribus per ipsos in regno nostro 
perpetratis, rectati, ea occasione extra idem 
regnum clandestine egredi proponunt ; per quo- 
rum malidam diversa mala poterunt evenire, 
nisi celerius ad hoc apponeremus manum 
nostram; 

'^Tibi prsecipimus firmiter injungentes, quod 
omnes portus maris et alia loca infra ballivam 
tuam, tarn infra libertates quam extra, ubi naves 
applicant, sen passagium navium existit, taliter 
custodiri facias, sub periculo quod incumbit, 
quod dicti Johannes, Thomas, Johannes, Wil- 
lielmus, Johannes et Willielmus alicubi infra 
ballivam praedictam nullatenus transeant extra 
idem regnum ; et insuper eos in balliva praBdict^ 
sive fuerint infra libertates sive extra, capias et 
eciam per ministros tuos capi facias, et eos, ubi- 
cumque fuerimus, ad nos duci facias, ibidem 
quod de consilio nostro ordinari contingent 
receptur'; 

<< Et talem custodiam in singulis locis in balliv& 
prasdict^ super costeram et loca praedictaapponas, 
quod ipsi ab eodem regno nullo modo evadant ; 

4 



** Et praemissa cum tanta diligencia facias, quod 
dicta evasio si eveniat, quod absit, tibi impingi 
non valeat, per quod ad te graviter capere 
debeamus. 

"T. R. apud Westm*, tercio die Dec'. 

" Per ipsum Regem et cons*. 

<' Eodem modo mandatum est singulis viceco- 
mitibus per Angl'." 



No. 2. 



Ad majores et hallivos portuum de negotio 

supradicto. 

(A.D. 1330, An. 4 Edw. III.— CUus. 4 Edw. III. 

m. 17 d. In Turr. Lond.) 

<< Rex dilectis sibi majori et ballivis portus 
sui de Faversham, salutem. 

<< Quia, Sfc, ut supra usque ihi receptur'. 

<< Et talem custodiam in portu et locis pras- 
dictis apponatis quod ipsi ab eodem regpiio per 
ballivam vestram nullo modo evadant, taliter 
vos habentes in hac parte, quod de diligencia 
vestra et solicitudine ex hoc merito vos debea- 
mus commendare. 

" T. R. apud Westm' tercio die Decemb'. 

<< Eodem modo mandatum est subscriptis, 
videlicet. 

" Majori et ballivis portus Dovorr*. 

" Majori et ballivis portiks de la Rye. 

<< Majori et ballivis portus de Romenhale. 

<< Majori et ballivis portus de Gippwyco. 

<< Majori et ballivis portus de Hastjng'. 

<< Majori et ballivis portCis de Wynchelse. 

<< Majori et ballivis portus de la Hethe." 



APP. CXIl.] 



DOCUMENTS IN RYMBR. 



659 



difiamatus, et eo prsBtextu judicium fugieus et 
clandestine exieas regnum nostrum, apud civi- 
tatem de Burgh, infra dominium vestrum, arres- 
tatus et carcerali custodise de mandato yestro 
extitit mancipatus, de quo magnificentise vestrsB 
grates et gratias referimus speciales, serenitatem 
vestram rogaverimus cum affectu, quatenus 
eundem Thomam dilecto et fideli nostro Johanni 
de Haustede, senescallo nostro VasconisB, vel 
illis quos ad hoc deputaret, juberevelletis liberari, 
ducendum ad nos, prout eidem senescallo dux- 
imus injungendum. 

** Et quia super aliquibus dictum negotium 
tangentibus, cupimus plenius informari, vestram 
r^riam excellentiam iteratis precibus duximus 
requirendum, quatenus praefatum Thomam, per 
magistros, scabinos, et consules civitatis prae- 
dictsB, sen alios quos ad hoc volueritis deputari, 
in prsesentia dilecti servientis nostri ad anna 
Bemardi Pelegrym, quem ad vos ex hac causa 
transmittimus^ jubere velitis examinari, et con- 
fessionem ejusdem ThomaB de hiis, quae coram 
eis detegere voluerit, super seditione et conspi- 
ratione memoratis, necnon de assensu, insti- 
gatione seu procurauone, super hoc factis, et per 
quos, et qualiter, et quo modo, audiri, confessi- 
onemque hujusmodi in scriptis sub manu publica 
redigi, et eam sub sigillo communi civitatis prae- 
dictas prae^Bito servienti nostro liberari, ad nos 
cum celeritate qua poterit deferendam; pa rati 
enim sumus et erimus vestris penes nos deside- 
riis in cunctis opportunitatibus complacere. 

*'Data apud villam de Sancto Edmundo, 
xxviii. die Maii." 



No. 6. 

Ad scabinos de Bur go super prcefaid 

examinatione. 

(A.D. 1881, An. 5 Edw. III.— Ckus. 5 Edw. III. 

p. 1. m. 13. In Torr. Lond.) 

** Rex majori, scabinis, consulibuSy ac com- 

munitati civitatis Buigh^ salutem. 



*' Cum nuper ex quorundam fidelium etc. ut 
supra usque ibi exiens regnum nostrum, tunc sic 
apud civitatem vestram praedictam arestatus et 
carcerali custodiae extitit mancipatus, vos rogave- 
rimus et requisiverimus quatenus prae&tum 
Thomam dilecto et fideli nostro Johanni de 
Haustede senescallo nostro Vasconiae vel illis 
quos ad hoc deputaret, vellitis liberare, ducendum 
ad nos prout eidem senescallo duximus injun- 
gendum. 

<* Vos iterato rogamus et requirimus quatenus 
prae^ELtum Thomam in praesenti& dilecti servientis 
nostri ad anna Bemardi Pelegrym quem ad nos 
ex hac caus4 transmittimus examinari curetis, et 
confessionem, etc. ut supra^ usque ibi poterit 
deferendam. 

" Teste ut supra." 



No. 7. 

De prtBfato Thomd, majori Baiofus 

liber ando, 

(A.D. 1331, An. 5 Edw. III.— CUus. 5 Edw. III. 
p. 1. m. 11 d. In Turr. Lond.) 

<< Rex nobili viro domino Johanni de Leyn- 
ham militi, domini Regis Ispanniae camerario, 
amico suo carissimo, salutem, et sinoersB dilec- 
tionis affectum. 

<< Per literas amicitiae vestras gratuitas nobis 
directas, conoepimus evidenter quod Thomas de 
Goumaj miles, qui de seditione contra personam 
Celebris memoriae domini E. nuper Regis Angliae, 
patris nostri, et in conspiratione in mortem ejus- 
dem diffamatus, ea occasione judicium diffiigiens, 
clandestine regnum nostrum exiit ; 

<< Per vos infra r^num Ispannias arestatus et 
sub carcerali custodi& detentiis existit, de quo 
vobis grates referimus speciales, rogantes qua- 
tenus dictum Thomam sub salvi et secur& cus- 
todi& usque civitatem nostram Baionas duci 
prascipere velitis, majori, juratis, et probis homi- 



660 



THOMAS DE GOURNAY THE REGICIDE. [PART IV. 



nibus civitatis prsBdictaB ibidem liberandum, 
quibus mandaverimus quod ipsum Thomam a 
vobis recipiant, ulterius ad nos, prout dilectus 
valettus noster Egidius de Ispannii eis plenius 
exponet, ex parte nostrd deducendum. 

<* Data apud villam de Sancto Edmundo 
xxviii. die Maii. 

" Ad majorem etc. Baionae de praefato Thom& 
a praddicto Johaiine recipiendo. 

« Dat' fit supra." 



No. 8. 
De dicto Thomd in AngUam ducendo. 

{A.D. 1831, An. 5 Edw. III.— Pat. 6 Edw. III. 
p.^1. m. 3. In Turr. Lond.) 

<' Rex universis et singulis ▼icecomitibus, 
majoribus, ballivis, ministris, magistris navium, 
marinariis, ac aliis fidelibus suis, tarn infra 
libertates quam extra, ad quos etc. salutem. 

** Cum mittamus dilectum valettum nostrum 
E^dium de Ispannia ad Thomam de Gumey 
militem pro seditione contra personam Celebris 
memoriae domini £. nuper Regis Angliae, patris 
nostri, ac conspiratione in mortem ejusdem, in 
partibus transmarinis captum, ad nos in Angliam 
ubicumque fuerimus ducendum, prout sibi per 
nos plenius est injunctum. 

" Vobis et cuilibet vestrum mandamus firmiter 
injungentes quod eidem Egidio in duoendum 
praefatum Thomam ad nos sicut praedictum est, 
intendentes sitis, consulentes et auxiliantes, 
eique salvum et secunim conductum, cum per 
vos transitum fecerit, habere faciatis ; 

" Et vos omnes et singuli talem custodiam, 
super periculo quod incumbit, super corpore 
praefati Thomaa apponi faciatis, quotius et quando 
per ipsum Egidium super hoc ex parte nostra 
fueritis praemuniti, quod periculum super hoc 
non eveniat quovis modo. 

" In cujus etc. 



<<Dat' apud villam de Sancto Edmundo 
xxx™^ die Maii." 



No 9. 



De salvo conductu pro ducetUibus dictum 
Thomam versus civitatem DcUofUP. 

(A.D. 1331, An. 5 Edw. III.— Pat. 6 Edw. III. p. 1, 
m. 10 d. In Turr. Lond.) 

<< Magnifico principi domino 

Dei gratia Navarrae Regi consanguineo suo 
carissimo Edwardus eadem grati4 Rex Angliae, 
dominus Hiberniae et dux Aquitaniae, salutem, 
et ad vota successus prosperos et felices. 

'* De gratuita certificatione vestrft, super &cto 
tangente Thomam de Goumay militem, qui de 
seditione contra personam Celebris memoriae 
domini E. nuper Regis Angliae, patris nostri, 
et conspiratione in mortem ejusdem difiamatus, 
judicium difiugiens, clandestine exivit regnum 
nostrum, nobis per literas vestras fact^ grates 
et gratias vobis referimus speciales. 

" Vestram magnificentiam exorantes quatenus 
si dictum proditorem per loca regni vestri 
versus Baionam duci contigerit, ductoribus 
ejusdem salvimi et securum conductum fieri 
praecipiatis cum super hoc ex parte nostra 
fueritis praemuniti ; significantes nobis, si placet, 
in omnibus quae vobis placitura iuerint, vestrae 
beneplacita voluntatis. 

" Data apud Norwicum, viii. die Junii.** 



No. 10. 

Super Captione Thomof de Goumay in 

Hispanid. 

(A.D. 1331, An. 5 Edw. III.— Rot. Vascon. 5 Edw. UI. 
m. 18. In Turr. Lond.) 

'< Rex constabulario suo Burdegaliae, qui nunc 
est, vel qui pro tempore erit, salutem. 

« Cum pro magnis expensis et laboribus, quos 
dilectus nobis Johannes Martyn de Leyna de 



APP. CXIl.] 



DOCUMENTS IN RTMER. 



661 



Ispannii fecit circa captionem ThomsB de 
Gumey inimici et proditoris nostri in Ispannia, 
et detentionemejuadem ibidem, concesserimus ei 
trescentas libras sterliDgorum de dono nosiro. 

« Vobis mandamus quod si prsadictus Johan- 
nes prsB&tum Thomam usque civitatem nos- 
tram Baionae duci fecerit et ipsum majori 
ciWtatis illius liberayerit, tunc eidem Johanni 
vel ejus in hac parte attomato praedictas tres- 
centas libras in dvitate pnedicta de exitibus duca- 
tus praddicti solvatis ; et nos vobis inde in com- 
pote yestrodebitam allocationem haberefaciemus. 

" Teste Rege apud Norwicum xxiii. die Junii." 

No. 11. 

Super expenns in captione Thoma de 

Goumay. 

(A.D. 1881, An. 6 Edw. III.— Liberat. 5 Edw. III. 

m. 7. Id Turr. Lond.) 

<< Rex thesaurario et camerariis suis salutem. 

Liberate de thesauro nostro, dilecto nobis 

Ferando Ivagnes de Greynoun scutifero, qui 

nuper ad nos de partibus Ispanniae venit de- 

nunciando nobis captionem ThomaB Gumey 

inimici et proditoris nostri, quinquaginta libras 

super expensis suis in veniendo ad nos, ut est 

dictum, et ad dictas partes redeundo. 

^* Teste Rege apud Norwicum xxiii. die 

Junii. 

'* Per ipsum Regera." 



No. 12. 

Pro JEgidio de Ispannia^ super dktis expensis. 

(A.D. 1881, Ad. 5 Edw. III.^Libent. 5 Edw. III. 

m. 7. Id Turr. Lond.) 

'< Rex thesaurario et camerariis suis salutem. 



Liberate de thesauro nostro dilecto nobis Egidio 
de Ispannia super expensis suis, eundo in Ispan- 
nia, ibidem morando et redeundo, pro Thoma de 
Goumeye inimico et rebelli nostro, in eisdem 
partibus capto, ad nos ducendo viginti libras. 
" Teste Rege apud Gaywode xxix. die Junii. 
" Per ipsum Regem." 



No. 13. 



(Rymer*s Fadera, vol. iu pars 2, />. 832.^ 

Super ducHone ThonuB Goumay in Angliam. 

(A.D. 1332, An. 6 Edw. III.— Rot. Vasoon. 6 Edw. III. 
m. 11. In Turr. Lond.) 

" Rex dilectis sibi majori, juratis, et probis 
hominibus civitatis suae Baionae, salutem. Cum 
mittamus dilectum servientem nostrum ad arma 
Petrum Bemardi de Pynsole, ad Thomam 
Goumaye militem, pro seditione contra per- 
sonam domini £. nuper Regis Angliae, patris 
nostri, ac conspiratione in mortem ejusdem 
factis, in partibus transmarinis captum, et jam 
penes vos sub carcerali custodia existentem, ad 
nos in Angliam ducendum, prout sibi per nos 
plenius est injunctum. 

"Vos rogamus mandantes, firmiter ingun- 
gendo, quatenus eidem Petro in hiis quae 
salvam et securam ductionem dicti Thomae ad 
nos, sicut praedictum est, contingunt consulentes 
sitis et auxiliantes, modis et viis quibus videritis 
expedire ; et hoc nullatenus omittatis. 

" Dat. apud Waltham xiiL die Februarii." 



662 



THOMAS DE QOURNAY THE REGICIDE. [PABT IV. 



APPENDIX CXIII. 



EXPENSE ROLLS AS TO THE CAPTURE OF SIR THOMAS DE OOURMAT. 



No. 1. 
Compot^ EoiDii DE Ispann' eun? in 
Nunc Rf in ptes t»nsmaf p bre Rf 
patens da? xxx® die Maii anno regni 
sui quinto de vad ipius Egidii pcipient 
p die in Angt xij. d "l in ptib} tr«ns- 
mariii p diem ij. S p bfe Rf de privato 
sigillo Theg "l Baron directu put pat) 
inferius. Daf xj. die Nov anno vj^o. 

Rec. — Urn r comp de xx. ti recep? de 
TheS J Camef ix. die Julii anno q'nto p 
bre de liber continent xx. ti sibi liberand 
p itin^e suo vsus Ispanfi p Thoma de 
Goumay inimico 7 rebello Rf in eisSm 
ptib) cap! ad ipm Regem in Angl ducend 
put pat3 in pelle f Et de c. 8. recepf de 
eisdm Theg Camer r' x®. die Augusti anno 
vj»o p bre Rf . 

Sm* Recept — xxv. ti. 

Expn. — Idm comp in vad suis aripiendo 
ii suu de Sco Edo vsus ptes Ispann xxxj. 
die Maii eundo London p ij. dies seqn r' 
ibidm morando p vj. dies exp^tando 
soluoom ^dca^ xx. ii. ac alia bria Rf ad 
easdm ptes Ispann portand p negoc Rf 1 
ex inde eudo p ij. dies us<j Dov^am 7 sic in 
Angt morando usq^ x. die mensis Jun ^p' 
X. dies an tr'nsfretacoem sua:' x. g. vidett 
p die xij. d. Et in vad suis ab xj. die 
Juii quo die applicuit apd Whytsond 
eundo p iiij. dies Pis r' ibidm morando p 
iiij. dies exp'^tando bria Rf directa Regi 
Ispann "2 ex inde eundo Burdegat p x. 



dies ibidm morando p vij. dies p secretis 
negoc Rf ? ex inde eundo Rf Na9ye ipm 
querendo apd Tudele p x. dies p negoc 
Rf ibidm morado p vj. dies "2 ex inde usc^ 
Burges in Ispann p vij. dies "2 ex inde 
Bitorie ad Johem Martyn de Lene cu 
brib3 Rf p liberate corpis ^dci Thome 
de Gournay ibidm morando p viij. dies 1^ 
ex inde redeundo usq^ Burges p iij. dies % 
ex inde eudo u^ valle de Leet p iij. dies :f 
ibid morando p iij. dies explorando Regf 
Ispann, et exinde eQdo us(^ civitate 
Madrich ibidm morando p xxx. dies ad 
loqndu ci!i dco Rege Ispann ibidm invento 
? ex inde eundo Aville in comitiva dci 
Rf p V. dies ibidm morando p xv. dies p 
dcis negoc et inde eundo Sugovie in 
comitiva ejusd Rf H ibid morando p xxx. 
dies exp<^tando adventu da Johis Martyn 
J ex inde eundo usq^ villa de Coylle p ij. 
dies ibidm morando p xiij. dies J ex inde 
usq^ valle de Leeth p iij. dies in comitiva 
dci Rf ibid morando p xx. dies expeo- 
tando adventu dci Johis Martyn p Iris ab 
eo hend ac eciam de Rege Ispann p liber 
corp^ dci Thome benda J ex inde 
redeudo usq^ Burd^at p xvj. dies ibid 
morando p vj. dies p ccc. ti. argenti 
ducend usq^ Pampilon p viij. dies de fine 
fco p liber corpis dci Thome hend quo 
quid tepe evasit dcus Thorn ex* prison! 
"I ex inde eundo in Arragonia p iij. dies 
ibid comorado p xx. dies explorando 



APP. CXIII.] 

pdcm Thorn J ex inde eundo in Ispann p 
Tiij. dies ibidem morando p viij. dies 
explorido modu evasionis pdci Thorn 1! ex 
inde eundo Burdegai p xiij. dies ibid 
morando p yj. dies p Iris senescatt 
Bardegai hend ad dcm Rf Ispann p 
corpe Johis Tilly vallecti dci Thorn capti 
1 in p^ona detenti bendo 1 ' ex ' inde 
redeundo usq^ Burges in Ispann p xiij. 
dies ibid morando p xvij. dies 'S ex inde 
redeundo in Naverf cQ pdco Johe Tylley 
1. ipm ducendo usc|> villa de Olyt p vij. 
dies ubi Robtus Lynel inimic^ Rf capt^ fuit 
p dcm Elgidiu de Ispann 'S ibid comor- 
ando p X. dies 1 ex inde ducendo dcos 
Johem Tylly 1 Robm Lynel usq^ Castrum 
Stelle p unu die ibidm morado p xxviij. 
dies explorando dcm Thoma ? ex inde 
ducendo dcm Johem Tylly usq^ Castru 
Mallionis in Wascon p vij. dies 1! ex inde 
redeundo in Angt p xviij. dies applicando 
Doverre jpdco xvij. die Jun "2 sic morando 
in ptib} tr'^smar p ccclxxij. dies ut^c^ die 
copuC XXX vij. ii. iiij. 9. videlicet p diem ij. 
9. Et in vad ejusd redeunf in Angt jpdco 
xvij. die Jun ? ibid cdmorand usc^ xj. die 
Novembr pi seqn p cxlvij. dies vij. ii. vij. 
9. cap p die xij. d. Et in tr*usfretacoe 
sua holm % equo& suo^ eundo ? redeundo 
xiij. 9. iiij. d. 

8m* Expn xliiij. ii. vij. 9. viij. d. 

Ethet de 8upplu9 xix. ti. vij. 9. viij. d. 



LIBBRATB ROLLS. 



663 



No. 2. 
Particule comp Egidii db Ispan^ ^vienl 
Regis ad arma de vad suis ^tam' in 
ptib} Angt q»m eciam t^nsmar p bre 



Regis patens dal p^mo die Jut anno 
vj<>. Et p bre de magno sigillo dal xv«. 
die Jut anno ix®. 

RecepT. — Idem 1 comp de x. ti. recepl 
xxij. die Marcii anno vij^ sup vad suis 
pdcis de The8 'S CaiSar sicut cont in pelle 
Med de Recept Sc^ii de Pmino vidett Sci 
Micbis anno pdco. Et de xxx. ti. xj. 9. 
recep? de dno Jobe Travers Constabular 
Burdegat de exit officii sui sup eisdem vad 
suis. 

Sm* xl. ti. xj. S. De quib3 

Ide comp in vad suis eundo 'de Wode- 
stoke' in negoc sibi p Regem injuctis J 
in dcis brib} contentis vidett ad attach- 
iand quosdam inimicos Regf de sedi66e 
cont^ psona Celebris memorie dni E. nup 
Regf Angt pris RegC nuc ac conspiracoe 
mortis ejusdem rectatos a dco p^mo die 
Jut anno vjo. usq^ xxv. die ejusdem men9 
p xxiiij. dies non po die S3 ultio computat 
quo die ide Elgidius cepit Wittm de 
Kyngesclere 'apud Roff'^ rectatu de 
morte Regf E. pris Regf hujus 'apud 
Roflf xxiiij. 9. vi3 p die xij. d. 

Et in con9 vad suis a xxvj. die Jut 
pdco a^ yj" usq^ viij. die Septembr px 
se^n p xlv. dies po % ultio comp quo die 
idem Egidius cepit dnm Ricm de Welle 
rone mortis jpdce 'apud Weston jux* 
Noriit ^ xlv. 9. capienl p die ut sup«. Et 
in conS vad suis ducend dcm diim Ricm 
de Norht usc^ London 'S custodied eundem 
ibidem ac explorand 1! arestand alios rec- 
tatos de morte pdca a ix. die Septembr 
pdco anno yj''. us^ ultimu diem Decembr 



664 



THOMAS DE 60URNAY THE REGICIDE. [PART IV. 



px sequen p cxiiij. dies p** J ultio com- 
putat capient p die ut s* cxiiij. 8. 
Et in conS vad suis explorando inimicos 
Kegf pdco a p<> die Januar anno vj''. pdco 
usq^ ultim diem ejusdem menS px seqn p 
xxxj. dies capient p die ut s' quo die 
idem Egidius cepit Jobem le Spicer 
^ apud London. ' rectatu de morte pdca 
xxxj. 8. Et in conS vad suis eundo 
? morando in divsis ptib} Angt p pdcis 
inimicis arestandis a primo die Febr 
dco anno vj® usq^ ix. die ejusdem menS px 
seqn p ix. dies p"" 1! ultio computat ^ quo 
die t'nsfretavit de Dovorr usq^ Wytsand 
ex causa pdca' capient p diem ut sup' 
ix. 8. 

Et in passagio ejusdem ^ Egidii duoj^ 
equo^ J duoj^ garconu suoj^ ' de Dov^ usc^ 
Whitsand *ix.'8. 

Et in con8 vad suis eundo in pdcis 
negociis ad loca divsa infra regnum Franc 
a X. die Febr anno vij°. Regf hujus usq^ 
X. die Jun px seqn p cxxj. dies p"" 1! ultio 
computa^ ' inf* quod tempus cepit Johem 
Tylly apud Burgas in Ispan' capient p 
die in eisdem ptibj t'nsmar ij. 8. xij. ti. 
ij. 8. 

Et in con8 vad suis ab xj*. die Jun dco 
anno vij^ quo die applic Burdegat usq^ 
xxj. die men8 Marcii pi seqn anno viij°. 
quo die recessit de Burdegat p cciiij". 
iiij. dies eundo morando II redeundo circa 
expedicoem negocio]^ pdcox capientp die in 
ptib} t*nsma]^ ut s* xxviij. ti. viij. 8. 

Et in con8 vad suis eundo in negociis 
pdcis ad loca divsa in dco regno Franc a 



xxij. die Marcii dco anno viij^ usc^ p^mu 
diem Jun px seqn p Ixxij. dies p"" ^ ultio 
computat capient p die in eisd ptib} ij. 3. 
ut sup\ vij. ti. iiij. 8. Et in passagio 
ejusd ^Egidii' ij. equo^ 7 ij. garconu suoj^ 
de Whitsand usc^ Dov^ redeundo in Angt 
ix. 8. 

Et in con8 vad suis eundo ad loca 
div^sa infra regnu Angt circa expedicoem 
negocio& pdco& a ij. die Jun dco anno viij^ 
^ quo die rediit in Angt de ptib} t^nsmar * 
usc^ XV. die Jut a® ix®. seqnf p ccccviij. 
dies p'mo die non ultio compul cap p die 
in Angt xij. d. ut sup* xx. ti viij. 8. 

Sm* iiij". ti. iij. 8. Et het de 
suppluS xxxix. ti. xij. 8. 

Idem r.^-de corpore Witti de Kynges- 
clere occdne pdca capti 'S arestati apud 
Roff ' XXV. die Julii anno vj®. cujus corpus 
ide Egidius comp lib Rado de CromweS 
nup Constabular T'ris London x, die 
Augusti eodem anno vj^ 

Km r. de corpore Rici de Welle simili? 
arestati apud Weston jux* Norht viij. die 
Decembr dco a®. vj<>. Cujus corpus idem 
Egidius comp lits Witto de Elond tunc 
Constabular Castri Notyngh»m x. die 
Aprit code a®, vj®. 

Ide r. de corpore Johis le Spicer simili? 
arestati apud London xx\l die Januar a^. 
vjo. pdco. Cujus corpus idem Egidius 
comp lib Johi Hamont tunc uni vie 
London eodem uK die Januar. 

Idem r. de corpore Johis Tilly simili? 
arestati apud Burgas in Ispan x. die Jun 
anno vij°. Cujus corp^ ide Egidius comp 



APP. CXIII.] 



LIBERATE ROLLS. 



665 



lib Reymundo de Meyncent Constabular 
Castri Mallon in Vascon xx. die Augusti 
anno eodem. 



No. 3, 
Pkurticte compoti Wil.l.'i db Twkng' 
miliC eund in obsequiu Regis ad ptes 
Secilie p quibusdam negociis Rf in curia 
dni Robti Regis Secilie de Naples expe- 
diend mense Januar annovij'^o R. E. ?cii 
a conquestu p bf e Regis vidett ad que- 
rend "2 in Angt ducend Thoma de 
Gournai militem rectatu de morte Regf 
E. pris Reg nuc attach ad sectam cujus- 
dam Willi de Cornewayt apud Naples 
in cur Robti Regf Secilie. 
Recepta. — Idemreddit compo? dexxxiij. 
fi. di m*r, recep? de thro Regis ad RecepT 
Sc^ii xj. die Feb? dco anno vij™®. sup 
expenS suis eundo ad ptes pdcas in ob- 
sequiu Regis sicut coiil in pelle memoj^ 
Recepte Sc^ii de ?mio Sci Michis dco 
anno vij™°. 

Et de vj. ti. j. m*r. recept. ibidem sup 
eodem xx. die Aprii eodem anno sicut 
cont. in pelle memo^ Recepte Sc^ii de 
?mio Pasche dco anno vij™**. 

Et de L. m'r. recept. ibidem de illis c. 
m'r. que computant' libate eidem Witto 
% Petro Bernard de Pinsoles sup eodem 
xxviij. die Aprit eodem anno vij«n®, sicut 
cont. ibidem. 

Et de cclxj. ii. xiij. S. iiij. d. de pcio mt. 
Dlxx. flor de Florencia receptis apud 
Naples n5ie Rf de mcatorib} de Societate 
Bardo]^ de Florencia unde iidem iScatores 
bent tras suas de recepte computato 
floren ad iij. 8. iiij. d. 



[Et de XYJ. ti. xiij. S. iiij. d. de f^cio c. 
flor recepto^ de Petro Bernard de Pinsoles 
noie Rf de floren Rf in custodia del Petri 
existenc ^ciu floren iij. 8. iiij. d. 

Sm» ccclj. ti. xiij. 8. iiij. d.]* 
Sm» cccxxxv. ti. 

ExpenS. — Idem comp in expenS ipsius 
Willi diumis a xyj. die Januar anno vij™® 
quo die ven. apud Ebo^ ad Regem p 
pceptu ipsius Rf oretenus sibi fcm apud 
BeVlacu usc^ vj. diem Julii pi seqn¥ quo 
die venit ad Regem apud Berewycu vidett 
morand apud Eboj^ p informaooe fanda de 
negociis Rf expediend vsus Regem Secilie 
eundo ad ptes de Naples morando ibidem 
J redeundo ad Reg usq^ ad dcas ptes 
Berewyci p clxxij. dies utroq^ die comput. 
capiente p diem x. 8. juxta discre66em 
TheS ? Baronu de Sc*cio iiij". vj. ti. 

Et in consimilib} expnS ipius Witti a 
vij*'. die dci men8 Julii us:]^ xx. die ejusdem 
mensis p qHuordeci dies utroq^ die com* 
putato p quod temp^ ipe Witimus morabat' 
cu Rege in exercitu suo apud Berewicu 
% XXX. holes sui tam naute q'm alii mo- 
rabant' in quadam navi cu corpore Thome 
de Gournai mortui ducto de dcis ptib} de 
Naples cap ut sup« vij. ti. 

Sm» iiij". xiij. ti. 

Forinc. — Ite comp in passag maris 
apud Dovorr v^sus ptes pdcas in f^cio 
vij. flor. ]pc ut sup* xxiij. 8. iiij. d. Ite in 
frettag unius navis de Nise usc^ ad portu 
de Pyse in pcio vij. flor xxiij. 8. iiij. d. 
Ite in locate iiij. equoj^ de portu Pyse 
usq> Pyse in pcio ij. flor. vj. 8. viij. d. 



* The portion within brackets is not in a duplicate of 
this account. 



4 s 



666 



THOMAS DB 60URNAT THB BSGICIDB. 



[part IV. 



Ite p locacoe equoj^ 7 p condacta i&endo 
de Vyte uat^ Naples in ^cio lij. flor ij. B. 
U. — viij. tL xiij. I. x. d* Itc p Cotes 
Hardif emptis in ^cio x. Aot. t. i. tF. — 
xxzmj. I. yij. d. Ite p iij. p'poynt} empt 
in ^o iij. flof. tj. g. t^ — xj. i. TJ* d. Ite 
p iij* pib} de plates in ^o xiiij. flor. — 
zHj. !• viij. d. Ite p iij. phy de Paunces, 
braces, 7 Musekyns arentai in ^o xlj. 
flor — vj. tL xvj. g. viij. d. Ite p iij. pib3 
cjroteca^ de plate J iij. badnettes in ^o 
T. flor xij. {sic) V. — xyj. B. xj. d. De 
qaib3 armaturis idem Wi&ms deb respon- 
dere 1 respondet infira. 

Idem comp p quodam sacco 7 quadam 
cista p pdos armatis in ^io ij. flor yiij. g. 
t^. — ^viij. g. viij. d. Itc p qaodam dpho 
argenteo empto 7 dato dno Jolii de la 
Haye Senescallo dni Rf Secilie ^ xxr. 
flor. — ^iiij. }i. iij. g. iiij. d. Ite hostar J 
camar dni R( ? Regine Secilie in ^ vij. 
flor — xxiij. g. iiij. d. Ite p indamentis 
ad usu dni Thome Goomois in pc tj. flor 
yj. g. t'. — xxj. g. yj. d. Ite p pannis lineis 
empt ad osu ejusdem Thome in pc anius 
flor — ^viij. g. viij. d. t^ — v. g. yj. d. Ite p 
caligis empl ad usu ejusdem Thome in ^c 
vij. g. t'. — ^xxj. d. Itc p lecto hendo ad 
usu ejusdem Thome in carcere in ^c v. s. 
t^ — XV. d. Ite p bogis emp{ ad usu 
ejusdem Thome in ^c viij. flor. iij. g. t'. — 
zxvij. g. V. d. Ite p quodam Cote HardiT 
ad usu Wiffi de Comewaytt ad cujns 
sectam dcus Thorn fuit attachiat^ in ^ 
ij. flor iiij. g. t'. — ^vij. g. viij. d. Ite p 
pannis lineis caligis J sotularib} ad usum 
ejusdem Willi in pc unius flor xij. d. t^ — 
iij. g. vij. d. Ite ^vientib} dni Johis de la 



Haye in pc v, flor — xyj. g. viij d. Ite 
vallectis Admiralli Regis Robti in pc iij. 
flor — ^x. g. Ite p frettagio unius navis de 
Naples usc^ Agmorf in pc ccccl. flor — 
Ixxv. )i. Ite nautis ?vientib5 in eadem 
Navi in pc iij. flor v. g. f . — xj. g. iij. d. 
Ite p iij. equis iiij. mulis 'S septem sellis 
empt apud Pirpunane in terra Regis 
Maliogers in pc ccxlij. flor — ^xl. ii. yj. g. 
viij. d. de quibj idem Witts deb respondere 
J respondet infra. Ite quia dcus Witts J 
omes qui cu illo attach fuerunt apud 
Coloure p delibacoe sua benda in pc yj. flor 
— ^xx. g. Ite p hujusmodi delibacoe apud 
Bolon in pc xxxij. flor— cyj. g. viij. d. 

Ite ^vient Regf apud Bolon in pc iij. flor 
— X. g. Ite p quodam equo J uno garcoe 
ac p conductu bend de Coloure osc^ Bolon 
in pc V. flor. xyj. g. viij. d. Ite vicar 
Bolon 1 cuidam pooni R^is facientib3 
conductu de Boloii usque Mountblaunk' 
in pcio xiij. flor. viij. g. t'. — xlv. g. iiij. d. 
Ite fisicis 1 p apothecb empt apud Mount- 
blaunk' ad usum dci Thome in pc xxxix. 
flor. — ^yj. ii. x. B. Item p botes empt ad 
usum ejusdem Thome in pc ix. g. iiij. d. 
t^ — ij. g. iiij. d. Ite Menestrallis R^:is 
Arragoii apud Mountblaunk' in pc ij. flor 
yj. g. viij. d. Ite cuidam ^vienti R^f 
Arragon facienti conductu p ide R^nu in 
pc ix. flor. ij. g. t'. — XXX. B. vj. d. Itc p 
frettag cujusdam Navis de Sorde nac^ 
Bayon in pc unius flor — iij. B. iiij. d. Ite 
cuidam nuncio dni de Beeme in pdo nni^ 
flor — ^iij. g. iiij. d. Ite duob3 fisicis apud 
Bayon p statu dci Thome emendand in 
pdo XX. flor. V. g. iiij. d. t^. — Ixviij. g. Ite 
p apotheds empt ibidem ad usu qusdem 



APP. CXllI.] 



LIBERATE ROLLS. 



667 



Thome in pc xxxij. flor — cyj. g. viij. d. 
Ite duob} garcoib5 ducentib} vij. equos 
9sus Burdeux in pc iij. flor. iiij. 5. t'. — 
xj. S. Ite p expenS dcoif equoj^ de Bayonn 
nsq^ Burdeux in ^c iij. fior — x. S. Ite p 
duafe} navictis conductis ad yictualia ca- 
riand in Jc ij. flor. — ^vj. S. viij. d. Ite 
cuidam garcoi eunti senescallo Burdeg in 
]pc ij. flor — ^vj. S. viij. d. Ite cuidam garcoi 
conductori de Marsiit usq^ Bayon in pcio 
▼ij. flor V. 9. viij. d. t^ — ^xxiiij. 5. ix. d. 
Ite p renovaooe Navis apud Burdeux in 
pcio iij. flor iiij. 5. t'. — ^xj. 5. Ite cuidam 
notar ibide p cartis in pc unius flor — iij. 8. 
iiij. d. Ite p quadam navi p corpe dci 
Thome tuc mortui ducend de Bayon usq^ 
Burdeux in pc xxvij. flor juxta verura 
valorem eaj^dem tuc ibidem — ^iiij. li. x. 8. 
Ite p locacoe iij. equo]^ v^sus Burdeux ext* 
Jerom in pc ij. flor. vj. S. f. — viij. 8. ij. d. 
Ite p corpe dci Thome mortui p*ma vice 
pparand in pcio xvj. flor iiij. §. t' — Liiij. 8. 
iiij. d. Ite p eodem corpe pparando alia 
vice in pc xviij. flor iiij. 8. t'. — Ixj. 8. Ite 
p duabj naviciis reducentib} corpus ejus- 
dem Thome v^sus Burdeg ext* Jerom in 
pcio unius flor iij. 8. t'. — ^iiij. 8. j. d. Ite 
cuida Notar Burdeg p quodam instru- 
mento in pc unius flor iiij. 8. t'. — iiij. 8. 
iiij. d. Ite p carta Petri Bernard in pc 
unius flor — ^iij. 8. iiij. d. Ite Mago Petro 



Notar apud Rayon p qMam carta in pc 
unius flor — iij. 8. iiij. d. Ite p quadam 
pipa vini empt apud Scm Mathm p gar- 
nistura unius navis in pc ix. flor vij. 8. t'. 
— xxxj. 8. ix. d. Ite p duob} roundilettis 
j. de vgus ? at de vin egre in pc iij. flor. 
iij. 8. iiij. d. t^ — x. 8. x. d. Ite p aliis iiij. 
roundilettis p gamistura dee navis in pc 
uni^ flor iiij. 8. t'. — iiij. 8. iiij. d. Ite p 
lectis J aliis aisiamentis hend in navi de 
Bayon in pc x. flor. — ^xxxiij. 8. iiij. d. Ite 
p victualib3 apud Sandwyc empt in pc 
iiij. flor. xij. d. t'. — xiij. 8. vij. d. Ite p 
equis local de Tynnemuth usc^ Berewyc 
in pc vij. flor. iiij. 8. t'. — xxiiij. 8. iiij. d. 
[Ite p emp¥ de Petro Bernard in 

pc c. flor — xvj. ti. xiij. 8. iiij. d. de quib} 
equis 7 armat'is idem Witts defc respoii H 
respondet infra.]* Ite libavit drio Robto 
de Taunton custodi Garderobe Regis — 
cccxxxiiij. flor pc — Iv. ti. iij. 8. iiij. d. de 
quib} idem Rofetus debet respondere 7 
respondet infra. Ite p expn8 ij . garc unius 
equi *? ij. mut eunciu de Burdeg usq^ Lund 
* in com Ebo^ ' in pc xxj. flor vij. 8. viij. d. 
t'. — Lxxj. 8. ix. d. 

Sm» ha^ expen8 — cclvij. ti. vi. 8. x. d. 

Sm* tot oim expen8 — ccclxvij. ti. ij. d. 

Et het de supplu8 — xv. ii. vj. 8. x. d. 

* The portion within bracketg is not in the duplicate. 



668 



THOMAS DE GOURNAY, ELDEST SON OF THE REGICIDE. 

Of him we know no more than that he' was dead hefore the 1 3th of 
Edw. III. 1340, and that his eflSgy in stone is at the west end of the Tower 
of Farrington Church.'' 

He had a son, Thomas de Gournay, who was lord of the manors of 
Farrington, and Inglishcombe, and West Harptree, the first two of which 
he held of Thomas de Goumay of East Harptree, the 13th Edw. III. whom^ 
from this and other circumstances, we suspect to have been the representa- 
tive of the eldest male line of the family, in the failure of Ap- Adam, as we 
shall take more full notice of hereafter. 

This Thomas de Gournay, or his issue if he had any, failed in his heirs, 
as his brother Sir Matthew de Gournay became eventually seised of all his 
estates.*^ 



JOHN DE GOURNAY, SECOND SON OF THE REGICIDE, 

Had the manor of Knolle near Bristol conferred upon him, who, by a 
writ ad quod damnum, granted a piece of land eighteen feet square, with 
a fountain called Ravens' Well, to the monks of St. Augustine at Bristol. 

* In the Rotuli ScotisB we find Thomas de Gurneye amongst those summoned to attend Edward 
III. at Roxburghe in 1334 ;^ he is amongst those from Somersetshire, and therefore probably this 
Thomas. As he was dead before 1340, it is likely the following passage relates to him ; it is in 
Heame's Lelandi Collectanea, vol. 2, p. 555^ from a chronicle of the history of England ; when 
describing this expedition of Edward III. it says << These 2 hostes mette together about the Ryver 
of elude. There was a great trobylle in BalliolVs hoste for an esquire called Gumay, whom the 
marchers killed upon a surmise that one of that name was consenting to the death of the king's 
fi&ther." Unless, indeed, it was one of the Norfolk Gumeys so killed. 

1 Rot. Scot vol. i. p. 306. ^ Collinson's Somersetshire, toI. ii. p. 140. 

« History of the House of Irery, toI. ii. p. 611. 



A.D. 1367.] SONS OP THE HEGICIDB. 669 

He died without issue, as his rights devolved on his youngest brother 
Matthew.' 

The following documents relate to this John de Goumay : 

" Johannes Goumay chevaler qui in obsequium Regis in comitiva Willelmi 
de Wyndesore ad partes Hibn profecturus est. General protection for a 
year. 24 Nov. 37 Edw. III." »* 

''Johannes de Goumey de Somerset chevaler grants to Magister Ricardus 
de la Barre and three other clerici his manors in Somerset, Ingliscombe, 
Odwade and Knolle, Devon ; his manor of Mammehead, Hereford ; all his 
lands, rents, services in Hereford, Tatjrngton, and Weston, to hold to them 
and their heirs of the chief lords of the fee, &c. 

" Witnesses, Johes de Burleye, Johes de Eylesford, knights, &c. Dated at 
Hereford, Thursday after the feast of Edward the Confessor ; 40 Edw. III. 
1367"' 

" Johannes de Goumay, of the county of Somerset, knight, together with 
John de of the same county, and John de Badham in the county 

of Gloucester, became bound by statute staple, to Robert Mansel and John 
Davy his partner, citizens and mercers of London, in the sum of £400, 
12 March 38 Edw. III. (Robert Mansell gives a discharge in full for self and 
partner, 21 June 48 Edw. III)."** 



GEORGE DE GOURNAY, THIRD SON OF THE REGICIDE. 

Op him nothing is known but that he died without issue, as his inherit- 
ance also devolved on his brother Matthew.* 

Walter de Gournay was another son of Sir Thomas.' 
Edmund de Gournay, precentor of Wells, was another son of the 
Regicide.' He obtained leave to travel to Rome on his own business, with 
four horses and two valets. 

» History of the House of I very, ut supra, *» Pat p. 2. m. 10. 

« CI. 40 Edw. III. m. 10 dors. <« CI. 48 Edw. III. m. 20 d. 

• History of the House of Ivery, ut supra. ^ Harl. MSS. No. 1052, fol. 16. 

' Collectanea Topographica, p. 247 ; also 31 Edw. III. Pat. p. 3. m. 11. 



670 [part IV. 



MATTHEW DE GOURNAY, FOURTH SON OF THE REGICIDE. 

This Matthew de Gournay was born in 1310, and was therefore about 
20 years of age at the period of his father's death. 

He was a great warrior in the French wars of Edward III. and the Black 
Prince. In that chivalrous period he was distinguished among the English 
Knights, and, as was recorded on his monument at Stoke under Hamden, 
was present at all the principal battles and sieges of the time. 

He first occurs at the great naval battle of Sluys, gained by Edward III. 
over the French fleet the 24th of June 1340.* 

He was at the siege of Algez^ras in Spain, which fortress Alphonso XI. 
of Castille took from the Moors in 1344, after an investment of two years.** 

Matthew de Gournay was afterwards present at the great and justly 
celebrated battles of Cressy in 1346, and Poictiers in 1356."^ 

In the 31st Edw. III. 1358, he was appointed Governor of Brest and 
the neighbouring town of St. Matthieu ; this appointment was made by 
the Duke of Lancaster, Lieutenant of Britany, and confirmed by the 
King.** (App. CXIV. No. I.) 

The year following he had letters of safe conduct for one year, when he 
was going to take possession of this captaincy.* (App. CXIV. No. 2.) 

In 1 360 the peace of Britany took place. Sir Matthew de Gournay 
was one of the jurats ' on behalf of Edward on this occasion. By this 
peace Gascony and Guienne were assured to the English ; of which pro- 
vinces the Black Prince was made governor, and many of the English 
leaders were rewarded with estates and honors in that country ;^ amongst 
this number was Matthew de Gournay, who was made a Baron of Guienne, 



* Leland, vol. ii. p. 93. Sismondi, Hist, des FraD9ai8, yol. x. p. 167. 
^ Leland, ut mpra, ® Ibid. 

^ Rymer's Foedera, vol. vi. p. 70. • Ibid. p. 88. 

f Ibid. pp. iJSO & 262. « Rot Pat. 



A.D. 1360.] FRBE COMPANIES. 671 

and had considerable estates allotted to him. He was also appointed 
seneschal of Landes, a sandy district between Bourdeaux and Bayonne.* 
He was also Governor of Bayonne,^ and seems to have been attached to 
the Black Prince^ as a miUtary follower. 

It appears he was in disgrace 35 Edw. HI. 1363, perhaps in consequence 
of his proceedings with the Free Companies. He was imprisoned in the 
Tower of London that year. ^ 

" Matheus Gumey et Joh. de S^ Laudo incarcerati in Turri Lond. p qui- 
busdam contempt, et rebell. invenerunt plegios." 

After the peace of Britany, France was ravaged by bands of miUtary 
adventurers called Free (Companies ; these were collected together, and 
headed by the celebrated French commander Du Guesclin, by Matthew de 
Goumay, and others, both French and English, who were weary of a state 
of peace and the inertness it produced. They led these bands into Spain, 
for the purpose of placing Henry Trastamare upon the throne of Castille.* 
Peter the Cruel, half brother of Henry Trastamare, was driven from his 
kingdom by Du Guesclin and his followers, and fled to the Black Prince 
into Gascony, who undertook to restore him to his dominions. The prince 
immediately sent his heralds into Spain, ordering all English and Gascon 
knights and their dependants to return from the army of Du Guesclin ; upon 
which Sir Matthew de Gournay, Sir Eustace d*Ambreticourt, Sir John 
Devereux, and others, immediately took leave of Henry King of Castille in 
the most courteous manner they could, without discovering either their 
own or thdr prince's intentions. King Henry made them very handsome 
presents, thanking them most gratefully for their services; after which 
they left Spain and returned to Gascony as speedily as possible.' 

The Prince of Wales marched into Spain with the deposed King Peter 
the Cruel, and gained the great and decisive victory of Najara, over Henry 



^ Leland, ut supra. Gascon, Norman, and French Rolls, London, 1743, by Clarke the 
historian, p. 165. ^ Froissart. Johnes' Edit. 

« ViUs Calthorpiana, Harl. 970, p. 90. ^ Claus. 35 Edw. III. dors. m. 9. 

^ Tamer's History of the Middle Ages in England, vol. ii. p. 224. 
^ Froissart, chap. 239, vol. iii. Leland, ui supra. 



672 MATTHEW DE GOURNAY, BARON OF GUIENNE. [PART IV. 

of Trastamare and Du Guesclin. Sir Matthew de Goumay was present on 
that occasion, and " many," says Froissart, " were the great and brilliant 
actions performed in that engagement." ' 

Shortly after this event the war was renewed between the French and 
English; and in 1377 John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, led an army 
into Hcardy. In this expedition Sir Matthew de Goumay and many others 
were taken prisoners by the French in ambuscade, near Soissons ; it 
happened in the following manner : — A party of English, consisting of six 
score lances, were over-running the Soissonois in the neighbourhood of the 
main body of the army ; they were observed by Sir John de Vienne and 
other Burgundian knights, who placed an ambuscade in a small coppice. 
The English came to plunder a village behind which their army was 
posted ; when they had passed the ambush the French sallied forth with 
pennons and banners displayed ; the English fought very valiantly, but at 
length were all either taken or slain, and amongst the captives was Sir 
Matthew de Goumay, In consequence, the 50 Edw. III. we find him 
joining with other knights of renown in a petition to the Parliament then 
sitting at Westminster, praying the King to ransom them, they being 
unable to fulfil the conditions imposed upon them by the French.** This 
application was successful, and through the means of the well-known 
William of Wykeham, Bishop of Winchester, keeper of the privy seal, and 
at that time administrator of the revenue, the prisoners were ransomed, 
and the money paid. One of the articles of accusation against William 
of Wykeham printed in the Fcedera in the deed of the fiill pardon to the 
same bishop is his having ransomed three prisoners which had caused 
great mischief by encouraging the Free Companies in their predatory 
expeditions, and thereby caused a renewal of the war ; ^ from which, toge- 
ther with other circumstances, we conclude Sir Matthew de Goumay to 
have been a promoter of these companies. After the death of Edward 
III. and the Black Prince, hostilities were carried on between the two 
nations. The Due d' Anjou and Henry King of Castille entered Gascony 

» Froissart, vol. iv. chap, 48. *» Hist of the House of Ivery, vol. ii. p. 517. 

^ Rymer, vol. vi. p. 164. 



A.D. 1378] GOVERNOR OF DAX. 6/3 

in 1378^ and the latter laid siege to Bayonne. Sir Matthew de Goumay 
was at that time governor of the town, and Froissart calls him " a right 
valiant knight from England; '^ and adds, that ^'his good sense and 
prowess were, as he had heen informed, of great assistance to the towns- 
men ; *' hut a malady which broke out in the Spanish camp induced them 
to retreat. ' Sir Thomas Trivet, nephew of Sir Matthew Goumay, ^ was 
sent with a large body of men at arms and archers into the country near 
Bourdeaux, and to assist those in Mortain (on the Gironde). Sir Matthew 
Gournay, who resided at Bayonne, accompanied him; he daily found 
employment there against the Gascons and barons possessing fortresses in 
those parts. ^ 

The Infant of Castille laid siege to Pampaluna, and Sir Thomas Trivet 
and his men were ordered by Lord Neville, who had arrived as governor 
of Gascony, to march into Spain to succour the King of Navarre. They 
went first to Dax, in the district of the Landes in Gascony. Sir Matthew 
de Gomnay, uncle of Sir Thomas Trivet, was governor of Dax, who re- 
ceived his nephew and his companions very agreeably, and helped them to 
find lodgings. The intention of Sir Thomas was to continue his march 
without halting ; but Sir Matthew said to him, ^* Fair nephew, since you 
have with you so large a force, let us free this country from the Bretons 
and French, who hold at least a dozen fortresses between this and Bayonne, 
otherwise you will leave them in your rear, and they may do us great 



• Froissart, vol. iv. chap. 78. 

*» Sir Thomas Trevet was douhtless the son of Sir Thomas Trevet 
the half-brother of Sir Matthew Goumey ; Sir Matthew's mother, Joan 
Fumeaux, having been widow of Sir John Trevet, and had by him 
Sir Thomas Trevet. The Trevets were a Devonshire and Somerset- 
shire family of considerable estate. > This Sir Thomas Trevet built the 
bridge at Bridgewater, whose arms in allusion to his name were a 
trivet, and were affixed to the coping of the structure. ^ 

We conclude that Nicholas Trevet, the chronicler, and his father, 
Sir Thomas Trevet, Lord Chief Justice, were of this family. 

^ Froissart, vol. v. chap. 3. 

^ Collinson's Hist, of Somersetohire, vol. iii. pp. 89 & 92. ^ Ibid. p. 75, 

4 T 




674 MATTHEW DE GOURNAY, BARON OF 6UIBNNE. [PART IV. 

mischief the ensuing winter." " By my faith," replied Sir Thomas, " I am 
very willing." • 

After this Sir Thomas Trivet besieged and took several neighbouring 
fortresses, but it delayed his succour to the King of Navarre, who sent for 
him, and so he and Sir Matthew Gournay with their men returned to Dax, 
where they halted four days ; on the fifth they departed and took the road 
to Navarre. Sir Matthew marched back to the city of Bayonne with those 
under his command to defend the country, and to conquer some of the 
small forts which the Bretons still held. 

It was doubtless during some of these wars that he was governor of the 
fortress of Daques, or Dax, in Guienne.** 

In 1379 we find him, in conjunction with Guido de Brian^ Baneret, and 
Richard de Atterburg, Knight, appointed to decide the claim of Charles 
King of Navarre to the ransom of Oliver Claykyn, ^ a prisoner taken in the 
war. ^ (App. CXIV. No. 3.) 

On the death of Henry Trastamare King of Castille, in 1380, John his 
son succeeded to the throne, to the exclusion of the two daughters of Peter 
the Cruel, who were married, one to John of Gaunt Duke of Lancaster, and 
the other to his brother, Edmund Earl of Cambridge ; and it was resolved 
that the latter prince should repair into Portugal with an army, to assert 
the right of the princesses. Sir Matthew de Gournay, although seventy 
years of age at the time, was of this expedition, and we find letters of pro- 
tection and safe conduct for him and Sir Miles Stapleton, to repair from 
Gascony into Portugal. ® 

He proceeded however by way of England, and was appointed constable 
of the army ; his nephew, ^ Sir William Beauchamp, being the marshal. 



» Froissart, vol. v. chap. 8. b Leland, vol. ii. p. 93. ® Rymer, vol vii. p. 230. 

* Rot. Vascon. Lond. 1743. « Froissart, vol. v. chap. 56. 

^ The word nephew (nepos) is frequently employed in the ancient writers for near relation. 

William de Beauchamp was brother-in-law to Matthew de Gouniay, having been brother of 
Alice Beauchamp first wife of Sir Matthew Gournay, and a younger son of Thomas Earl of 
Warwick and Katharine Mortimer. 

Sir William Beauchamp was much celebrated in the wars of Edward III. and the Black Prince, 
and Richard II. He was Captain of Calais, and created Lord Bergavenny. He married Joan, 



AD. 1380.] EXPEDITION INTO PORTUGAL. 675 

and the Canon of Robersac, a military churchman, being one of the prin- 
cipal leaders. Accompanied by these trusty generals, and attended by 
500 men at arms, and as many archers, the Earl of Cambridge sailed from 
Pl}rmouth. They coasted the shores of England for two days ; on the 
third they entered the Spanish main, when they had a very severe gale, 
insomuch that the fleet was in great danger from the tempest. 

The Earl of Cambridge, Sir William Beauchamp, marshal of the army, 
Sir Matthew Goumay, constable, and the canon Robersac, escaped with 
others through good fortune, and, sailing by the stars, arrived at Lisbon, 
where the King received them all most honourably, one after the other, 
and he led them 'to the palace, where wine and spices were set before 
them. • 

The English soldiers were kept inactive by the king of Portugal for a 
time ; but at length, without his consent, attacked the fortress of Figueras. 
Sir Matthew de Gournay was with them, and when the garrison was about 
to capitulate conducted the parley with the governor, as constable of the 
army, accompanied by Sir William Windsor. ^ 

After this these English troops, not having received any pay for a whole 
year, mutinied, and in a state of insubordination were disposed to attack 
the town of Besiouse, where they were quartered. Sir William Beau- 
champ, Sir Matthew Gournay his uncle, and the lord Talbot, a Welsh knight, 
(quaere of Ricard's Castle ? ) were present ; the two former tried to persuade 
the troops not to execute their purpose, and finally a deputation was sent 
to the King of Portugal, demanding their pay, which was granted. ^ 



sister and co-heir of Thomas Earl of Arundel, and his son was created E^irl of Worcester, and 
was the last of this line of the Beauchamps. 

There were various branches of this family, of which that which became Earls of Warwick 
were by much the most illustrious. 

The family originally came over at the Conquest, and appears to have borne the same name as 
Campbell, — de Campo-bello, de Bello-campo. 

The Lords Beauchamp of Hache descended from William Beauchamp of Somerset, who was 
sheriff of that county in the reign of Henry I. 

» Froissart, vol. v. chap. 64. •» Ibid. vol. vi. chap. 4. 

^ Ibid. chap. 10. 



676 MATTHEW DE GOURNAY, BARON OP GUIENNE. [PART IV. 

The king of Portugal at length took the field and marched into Castille 
with his English auxiliaries, where he was opposed by King John and his 
forces. A peace was soon after concluded. A young French knight in 
the Castilian army, called Sir Tristan de Roye, seeing the campaign was 
over without fighting, challenged any one of the other army to tilt with 
him before the walls of Badajos. Miles Windsor, a young English squire, 
answered the challenge, and went towards Badajos accompanied by his 
friends Sir Matthew Goumay, Sir William Beauchamp, the Lord Cha- 
teauneuf, and others. The combat took place, which was much praised of 
all the knights of either side who were present. They then took leave of 
each other with much respect, and returned to their different quarters. • 

The Earl of Cambridge and his followers proceeded to England after 
these events. This is the last mention of Sir Matthew de Goumay in the 
wars of the period in which he lived ; but he occurs perpetually in the 
different records. 

We have seen that he acquired considerable estates in Gascony. ^ In his 
native county of Somerset the inheritance of his brothers devolved upon 
him ; ^ to these estates he added others ; some of them probably by 
purchase of the heirs of John last Lord Beauchamp of Hache, whose widow 
he married. Stoke-under-Hampden, where he resided in his old age, had 
been among the castles of the Lords Beauchamp, and was included in these 
purchases ; also Shepton Mallet ; and by his second marriage with the 
sister of Lord Talbot, of Ricard's Castle, he obtained part of the manor of 
Woodham Mortimer, in Essex. ^ 

There is a curious deed of sale or promissory note from John Lord 
Beauchamp of Hache to Matthew Gournay, whereby he agrees to pay two 
thousand poimds sterling, at the Feast of St. Michael the Archangel, for 
the said Matthew's wool ; the purchaser calls himself John de Beauchamp 
of the county of Somerset, Knight, Lord of Hache, merchant (mercator) of 
the county of Somerset ; it is sealed with his arms. 



* Froissart, toI. vi. chap. 12. ^ Calendarium Rot. Pat. p. 244 & 253. 

« History of the House of Ivery, vol. ii. p. 516. ^ Morant*s Essex, vol. i. 



A.D. 1361.] 



LORD BBAUCHAMP — A MERCHANT. 



677 



TRANSCRIPT OP THE DEED OF JOHN DE BEAUCHAMP TO MATTHEW 

GOURNAY,* 

" Nouint vnivsi qd ego Johnes de Beauchamp de Som?sed miles dns 
de Hache micator de coni Som?s** teneo D'no Matheo de Goumeye militi 
in duab3 milib3 libris sterlingo^ p lanis ab eodem Matheo emptis solvend 
eidm Matheo vl suo c?to attornato aut ejus executorib} si de eo inrim 
contingat humanir in festo Sci Michis Archi post da! psens px. futur sine 
ulriori ditone et nisi fecero volo et concedo qd currant sup me heredes et 
executores meos et sup ofhia bona mea mobiUa immobilia ad quo^ cuq^ 
manus deuen^int dist^ctio et pena in statuto diii Regis apud Acton Bumel 
et Westfh p creditorib} et debitorib} apud Bristol! ad hoc 
puiso. In cuJ3 rei testlom ^sentib} sigillu meu apposui 
una cu sigillo dni Regis p creditorib3 et debitorib3 
apud Bristol! ad hoc puiso quod apponi psonalir pcuraui. 
Dat Bristol! p man^ Rici Spic? majoris ville ^dce 
et Walri Buckkeschawe ctici xxj""® die mens Augusti 
Anno regni Regf Edwardi ?cij post Conquestu tri- 
cesimo quinto." 
The law of statute merchant, for the recovery of mercantile debts, 
here referred to, passed at a parliament held at Acton Burnel, in Shrop- 
shire, in 1283, in the castle of Bumel, Bishop of Bath and Wells, then 
Lord High Chancellor. 

In the 9th of Richard II. Matthew de Gournay was a party to some 
settlement in which William Gournay, parson of Shepton Mallet, was 
concerned ; ^ who this William was we do not find. 

In the Martyrologe of the Friars Preachers of Bristol, quoted by William 
of Worcester, Matthew de Gournay is called one of the founders of that 
house. 



K f< 



* Harl. Charters, Mas. Brit 45 I. 20. 
b Dugdale*8 Bar. vol. i. p. 253. 



Harl. 971, p. 178. 



678 MATTHEW DB GOURNAY, BARON OF GUIENNE. [PART IV. 

In the 1 1th Richard II. at the particular request of Matthew de Goumay 
an order was issued to transfer a cause respecting a sum of six thousand 
francs^ pending between him and Lewis de Sancene, before Sir William 
Beauchamp, constable of Calais, to be tried before Thomas Duke of 
Gloucester, the King's constable, and Thomas Earl of Nottingham, 
marshall. ^ 

The 13 Richard II. 1390, Sir Matthew Gournay was 
present as a Baron at the decision given by the King 
in the great chamber of Parliament, within his Palace 
Royal of Westminster, in the controversy of arms between 
Sir Richard Scroope and Robert Grosvenor, Esq. as to 
which held the right to bear the arms ^ — Azure, a bend, 
or — which was decided in favour of Scroope. On this 
occasion the King's uncles, the Dukes of Guienne and 
Gloucester, and the principal noblemen and knights of the country, were 
present. ^ 

In the 3d Henry IV. 1 40 1, a re-grant was issued to Sir Matthew, of the 
district which was called " between the two seas," near Bordeaux, and 
which district, having been originally given him by Edward III , had been 
inadvertently (the record says) taken from him by Richard II. These 
lands he was to enjoy for his life. ^ 

Sir Matthew Gournay married two wives ; the first was Alice, widow of 
John the last Lord Beauchamp of Hache; which lord died in 1362 • when 
Matthew de Gournay was 52 years of age ; before which date therefore the 
marriage with the widow could not have taken place. Alice was daughter 
of Thomas Beauchamp Earl of Warwick, by Katharine, daughter of Roger 
Mortimer Earl of March, the favourite of Queen Isabella ; ' her father 
Thomas Earl of Warwick died in 1369. Her father left her in his will his 




• Rymer, vol. vii. p. 570. 

^ Preface to the History of the House of Ivery. 

^ Rymer, vol. vii. p. 677, where the list is given at length. 

Ibid. vol. viii. p. 228. « Dugdale*8 Bar. vol. L p. 253. 

f Ibid. p. 226. 



A.D. 1406.] 



HIS WIVES. 



679 



second best ouche, which his countess had given him, a cup of gold, a set 
of beads, and a ring. Her mother also left her a cup of silver gilt. ' 

She had no issue by either of her husbands^ and died the 26th of October, 
1384, the 7th of Richard II., when Thomas Earl of Warwick her brother 
was found to be her heir. ^ She was buried in the middle of the choir of 
St. John's priory church at Bridgewater. ^ 

Although Matthew de Goumay was seventy-four years old, he remarried 
to Philippa, sister and eventually co-heir of John Lord Talbot of Ricard's 
Castle, at that time fifteen years old. On whose death in 1389, 1 2 Rich. II. 
his sister Philippa, wife of Matthew de Goumay, was twenty-one years old, 
her husband being in his eightieth year. She brought to Idm the manor 
of Woodham Mortimer in Essex. ** 

PhiUppa survived her husband; he died in 1406, at the great age of 90. 
She remarried Sir Robert Asheton, * Knight, and afterwards Sir John Tip- 
toft, Knight. By Sir Matthew Gournay she had no issue. His Gascon 
estates were settled on her, and she enjoyed them during the period of her 
second marriage. ' She survived her last husband, and died 3rd May, 5 
Hen. V.^ 




'T^^T'' 




Beauchamp of Hache bore, Vair6 or and azure. 

Beauchamp Earl of Warwick : Gules, a fess between six cross crosslets 



or. 



• Dugdale's Bar. vol. i. p. 234. 

'^ William of Worcester's Itinerary, p. 137. 

• Harl. 972, p. 75. 
» Harl. 972, p. 75. 



^ Hist, of the House of Ivery, vol. ii. p. 517. 
^ Morant's Essex. 
Calend. Rot. Pat. p. 253. 



680 



MATTHEW DB GOURNAY, BARON OF 6UIENNB. [PART IV. 





Talbot of Ricard's Castle : Gules, a lion rampant within a bordure en- 
grailed or. 

Tiptoft : Argent, a saltier engrailed gules. 

Sir Matthew de Goumay was buried at Stoke under Hampden, in the 
chapel of the castle there. Leland, who travelled in the reign of Henry 
VIII. thus describes what he saw of the remains of his castle, and of his 
monument on his tomb : « 

" From Montague to Stoke under Hampden, about a mile. I saw at 
Stoke, in a bottom hard by the viUage, very notable ruins of a great 
manor place or castelle, and in this manor place or castelle a very aundent 
chapelle, wherein be diverse tumbes of noble men and wimen. 

" In the south-west side of the chapelle be 5 images on tumbes, one hard 
joyned to another, 3 of menne hameshid and shildid, and 2 of women. 
Ther hath bene inscription of eche of them, but now so sore defietced that 
they cannot be redde. 

^^ I saw a shield or two all verry of blew and white. Ther be in this 
part of the chapelle also 2 tumbes without images. 

'^ There is in the north side of the body of the chapelle a tumbe in the 
walle without image or writing, and a tumbe with a goodly image of a man 
of arms in the north side of the quyer of the chapelle, with a sheld, as I 
remember, all verrey ; and even afore the quier doore, but without it, lyith 
a very great flatte marble stone, with an image in brasse flattely graven ; 
and this writing yn French about it : 

^^ ^ Icy gist le noble et vaillant Chivaler Matthew de Gumey iadys seneschal 



* Idnoniy, toL iL pp. 93 Ifc 94. 



A.D. 



1406.] 



HIS MONUMENT. 



681 



de Landes et capitaine du Chastel Daques pro nostre seignor le roy en la 
duche de Guyene, que en sa vie fu a la batail de Beauamarin, et ala a pres 
a la siege Dalgezire sur les Sarazines et auxi a les baitailles de Le Scluse, 
de Cressy, de Yngenesse, de Peyteres, de Nazara, Dozrey, et a plusours 
autres batailles et asseges^ en les quex il gaina noblement graund los et 
honour per le space de iiij" et xvj. ans et morust le xxyj. jour de Septembre 
Tan nostre seignor Jesu Christ Mcccevj. que de salme dieux eit mercy. 
Amen.' 

" There was beside this grave another in the weste ende of the body of the 
chapelle, having a gret flat stone without inscription. I markid in the 
wyndowes 3 sortes of arms, — one al verry, blew and white ; another with 
iii. stripes gules downright in a feld of gold ; the 3° was crosselettes of 
golde, many intermist in one, yn a feld, as I remember, gules. 

" Ther is a provost 'longging to this collegiate chapelle now yn decay, 
wher sumtyme was good service, and now but a messe said a 3 tymes yn 
the week. 

" The provost hath a large house yn the village of Stoke thereby." 

These arms were clearly Beauchamp of Hache, vair^ ; the crosslets Beau* 
champ of Warwick ; and the three stripes gules in a field of gold were the 
coat of Sir Matthew Goumay, being a variation in colour, as a younger 
sotfs diflference on his paternal arms. Paly of six, or and azure. 




-^' I " ■ — t — f I — -^ 

w 



MATTHBW DB GOURNAY. 



OOURNAY OF 90MSB8BI8HIIUB. 



4 U 



682 



MATTH£W DE GOURNAY, BARON OF 6UIENNE. [PART IT. 



We annex an engraving of the seal of 
Sir Matthew de Goumay, with the crest, a 
Moor's head crowned. Date 18 Richard II. 
1394. 

Of the battles enumerated on the monu- 
ment we can find no account of Beau- 
amarin, ' Ingenesse, and Dozray. ^ 

The mansion or castle of Stoke under 
Hampden was built in the reign of Ed- 
ward I. by Sir John Beauchamp, who 
obtained licence to fortify aDd embattle it 
from Edward III. In this castle was a free 
chapel, the one described by Leland, dedi- 
cated to St. Nicholas, wherein the said 
John de Beauchamp founded a chantry in 
1308.*^ 

CoUinson in 1791 thus describes it : " The 
once noble mansion of the Beauchamps 
and the Goumays is now in ruins ; its 
small remains being converted into a farm house, and the chapel into a 
cider vault ; the monuments and arms described by Leland are all 
gone." * 

After the death of Matthew de Goumay, without issue, this branch of 




/ 



' SIOILLUM MATHKI DB 
OURNST Ml LITIS.*' 



* BeAuamarin may probably be the same place called Belmariej in Cbaucer's description of his 
knight in the Canterbury Tales : 

^ In Gemade at the siege ^e had he been 
Of Algesir, and ridden in JBehnarie.* 

In Blackwood*s Magasine for May 1845 (page 638) the reviewer is of opinion that Chaucer 
intended to represent Matthew de Goumay in the character of his knight, but I think with hardly 
sufficient reason. 

^ Dosray perhaps means De Auray ; the battle of Auray took place 29th Sept 1364. Du 
Guesdin was made prisoner there. See Froissart, toI. iii. p. 189, where it appears Matthew de 
Goumay is mentioned as present at the battle of Auray. 

"* Collinson*s History of Somersetshire, toL iii. p. 316. ^ Ibid. p. 220. 



A.D. 1406.] 



HIS DEATH. 



683 



the family of Goumay appears to have become extinct, and by virtue of a 
previous settlement, all his laj^e estates reverted to the Crown. * 

The veneration attached to this distinguished warrior was so great that, 
Fuller says, '* His armour was beheld by martial men with much civil vene- 
ration, with whom his faithful buckler was a relic of esteem.** Worthies, 
page 26, Somersetshire. 

» History of the House of Ivery, vol. ii. p. 519. 




684 



MATTHEW DE GOURNAY, BARON OP GUIBNNB. [PART IV. 



APPENDIX CXIV. 



DOCUMBNT8 IN RTMER. 



Ko. 1. 
fRymer's F'cedera, torn, vu page 70. J 

De custodid Ccutri de Brest commised. 
(A.D. 1357, Ao. 81 Edw. III.) 

<< Rex omnibus ad quo8 &c. salutem. 

'* Sciatis quod &c. 

« Cuin dilectus consanguineus et fidelis nos** 
ter Heuricus Dux Lancastris capitaueus et 
nostrum locum tenens in ducatu BritanniaB 
concesserit et deliberaverit dilecto et fideli nos- 
tra Matheo de Gourney Castrum de Brest, cum 
toto dominio eidem castro pertinente et simul 
cum monetae redemptionibus et confiscationibus 
et omnibus aliis proficuis ad dictum castrum 
spectantibus. 

*' Ac etiam villam de Sancto Matheo cum 
brevibus et custumis ejusdem villaB ac admiratu, 
piscariis, redditibus, servitiis et omnibus aliis 
exitibus et proficuis ad prsedicta Tillam et domi- 
nium qualitercumque spectantibus. 

** Habenda et custodienda quamdiu contin* 
gerit ipsum ducem esse capitaneum et locum 
nostrum tenentem in ducatu Britanniae supra- 
dicto. 

** Nog (concessionem et deliberationem eidem 
Matheo per pnefiitom ducem sic factas accept- 
antes)Tolumuset concedimus quod idem Matheus 
habeat et teneat prsddicta castrum et villam cum 
omnibus ad eaut prsmittitur spectantibus, juxta 
vim et effectum concessionis ipsius ducis supra- 
dicts. 

^* Et ulterius ex uberiori gracii nostra, quam- 
diu dicta castrum, villam, et dominium in manu 



nostra nomine custodiaB vel alio modo oontigenit 
remanere. 

<* In cujua &c. 

*' Teste Rege apud Westmonasterium vice- 
simo die Novembris." 



No. 2. 



(Rymer'e Faderoy torn, vi, page &S.J 

De protecUone pro prqficienHbus ad 

partes JBritannue. 

(A.D. 1858, AO. 82 Edw. III.) 

^* Matheus de Goumay chivaler qui in obse- 
quium Regis ad partes Britannia profecturus 
est, ibidem in munitione villsd de Brest mora- 
turus, habet literas Reg^is de protectione, cum 
clausula volumus Sfc. per unum annum dura- 
turas. 

** Prssentibus He. 

*^ Teste Rege apud Westmonasterium decimo 
octavo die MaiL" 

** Consimiles literas de protectione habent 

'* Nicholaus de Poynts Chivaler. 

" Thomas de Beauchamp." 



No. 3. 
(Rymer*s Fmdera^ vol, vii.page 296.^ 

Super evidentiis OUveri Claykyn 

prisonaru. 

(A.D. 1379, A«. 8 R. II.) 

<< Rex dilectis et fidelibus suis Guidoni de 
Brian baneretto, Matheo de Goumay et Ri- 
cardc de Atterbury militibns, salutem. 



APP. CXIV.] 



DOCUMENTS IN BYMBR. 



685 



« De fidelitate et circumspectione vestris 
plenius confidentes, 

« Ad omnes et singulas evidentias et causas 
Oliverum Claykyti prisonarium et financiam 
siuim, ac captionem suam de Gueria qualiter- 
cumque contingentes. Inter attornatos et pro- 
curaitores magnifici principis Karoli Regis 
Navarre consangainei nostri et dilectum et 
fidelem consangruineum nostrum Johannem de 
Arundell marescallum Angli» et alios. Jus 



▼el clameum in prisonario prodicto vindi- 
cantes, 

*< Audiendom et diligenter examinandum et 
ad consilium nostrum plenari^ ind^ certifi- 
csndum, 

<< Vobis et duobus vestrum plenam tenore 
prassentiam damns et committimus potestatem. 

** In cujus &c. 

" Teste Rege apud Westnionasterium vice- 
simo die Octobris/* 




686 



DESCENDANTS OF HUGH DE GOURNAY, 

SON OF EVA DE GOURNAY AND THOMAS DE HARPTRBE. 

Hugh de Gournay of Harpetree is placed in many ancient pedigrees 
as the younger brother of the Regicide. 

It seems however^ from a MS. in possession of Sergeant Ludlow, that 
Robert de Gournay, son of Eva and Thomas de Harptree, had a younger 
brother, Hugh,' who married Lucia,^ widow of Robert de Berkeley, and had 
issue Hugh de Gournay of Harptree. This Hugh de Gournay the brother 
of Robert appears to have been confounded by Dugdale with the last 
Anglo-Norman baron with whom he was cotemporary. It is obvious that 
the hunting in Bristol forest and being at the tournament at Blythe refer 
to this Hugh, brother of Robert, as the estates forfeited were in the 
counties of Gloucester, Leicester, and Warwick ; whereas the estates of 
the Anglo-Norman barons were not in those counties. ^ 

This Hugh de Gournay of Harptree held lands in East Harptree in the 
25th Edw. I. 1297^ as is shewn by a fine between him and John Ap-Adam, 
respecting the pounding of some cattle. ^ He married Joan, and was dead 
4 Edw. III. 1331 ; and by settlement of land in Radewyk and other places 
it appears that he had an elder son Thomas, of whom hereafter, and a 
second, Hugh. • We conceive that the letters of safe conduct granted to 
a Hugh de Gournay abroad on the King*s service, 12 Edw. III., relate to 
this second son. ' 

We have also found a mention of Richard de Gournaye of Harptree in 
the 28th Edw. III., who might be another son of the elder Hugh. 



* 1227. Henry III., 12th and Idth yean of his reign, disafforested all the towns between 
Huptingford, where Berkeley hundred and Hugh Goumay's lands parted, and King's Wood. 

^ Robert Lord Berkeley died 1221. He had two wives, Juliana, and Lucia who survived 
him. and married Hugh de Gournay. See Chronological History of Bristol by John Evans. 
*= Dugdale's Bar. vol. ii. p. 429. * History of the House of Ivery, vol. ii. p. 505. 

• Ibid. p. 506. ' Rymer, A*. 1338, 12 Edw. IIL 



A.D. 



1354] 



RICHARD DB GOURNAY. 



687 



This Richard de Goumay was a soldier in Britany at that time, and in 
conjunction with William de Ronceby, captain of a ship, Edward DeoflFe, of 
Fowey, master of the same ship, and others, by might obtained a certain 
ship called St. Mary of C!oranade, and took away goods and chattels to the 
value of 120/. ; upon which the King's writ was issued to the Justices and 
Chancellor of Ireland, ordering the restoration of the said goods if found 
in Ireland or elsewhere. (App. CXV.) 




688 



HUGH DE GOURNAY OF HARPTREB. 



[part IV. 



APPENDIX CXV. 



PATENT BOLL RESPECTING RICHARD DE GOURNAY AND OTHERS.* 



Rex justic f cancett suis Hibn. ac 
univsis I singulis vicecomitibus ballivis 
ministris et fidelibus suis in Hibn. tarn 
infra libtates quam extra ad quos presen- 
tes Ire pervenerint salutem. Quia acce- 
pimus p inquisicoem quam p dilectum 
nobis Andream de Gildford servientem 
nostrum ad arma Johem de Colyndere 
majorem ville Bristott et Jobem Spicer 
majorem de Stapula ville pdce fieri feci- 
mus; quod Wiils de Ronceby dominus 
cujusdam navis, Edwardus Deoife de 
Fowy magister ejusdem navis, Ricus de 
Goumaye de Harptree, Jotles Cok, Jobes 
Tyr de Polrwan, Witts de Loughton, 
Robtus Chaumberlyn et Thomas Prior} 
Soldarii de Britanii f ac alii malefcores vi 
et armis quandam navem vocatam Seinte 
Marie de Coronade que fuit Antonii de 
Compagnoun dni ejusdem navis et alio* 
rum mercatorum apud Sully noctanter 
intraverunt et bona et catalla ipsius An- 
tonii et alio& mercatorum preedictorum 
ad valenciam centum et viginti librarum 
in eadem navi inventa ceperunt et aspor- 
taverunt et navem illam secum abduxe- 
runt et alia facinora ibidem perpetrarunt 
in nostri contemptum et ^judicium et 

* Rot Pat. 28 Edw. III. p. 1, m. 25 don. De 
bonis arestand' in Hib*n. 

t English soldiers under the command of Thomas de 
Roland, Captain-General of Britanny. 



ipsius Antonii ac aliorum mercatorum 
pdco^ grave dampnum et contra pacem 
nostram. Nos malefacta et facinora prse- 
dicta nolentes transire impunita assigna- 
vimus pfatu Andrea ad pdcos Withn,' Ed- 
wardu, Ricu^ Johem^ Johem, Willm, 
Robtm et Thomam ac omnia bona et 
catalla que fuerunt ipo^ Antonii et mer- 
catorum prsedictorum ubicumque et in 
quo^cumq} manib3 in dca ¥ra Hibn seu 
alibi infra potestatem nram inventa fuerint 
sive infra libtates sive extra nomine nostro 
arestand, et naves illas una cum corpori- 
bus sic captis ac bonis et catallis ^dcis si 
extent Angt ducend nob vel illis quos ad 
hoc deputaverimus ibidem liberand snt 
salvo aresti quousq} aliud inde ordinari- 
mus custodiend* Et vos ^fate cancellar 
eidem Andree tot et talia &ca pro accele- 
ratione expeditionis negotii ^da quot 
necessaria fuerint quotiens super hoc p 
ipsum fueritis preemuniti habere faciatis. 
Et ideo Tobis omnibus et singulis firmiter 
injungendo mandamus quod eidem Andree 
in ^missis 'omnibus et singulis faciend et 
exequend intendentes sitis consulentes et 
auxiliantes quotiens et prout p ipm An- 
dream sup hoc fuitis pmuniti vel fuit 
aliquis vrm pmunitus ex pte nra. In cujua 
&c. 
T. Rf apud Westm vi. die MarciL 
p. ipm Rege nunc Jofae de Bellocampo. 



689 



THOMAS DE GOURNAY 

OF EAST HARPTREE, ELDEST SON OF HUGH DE GOURNAY. 

To this Thomas de Goumay it is said Thomas Ap- Adam of the elder line 
sold or gaye his manors of East Harptree, Netherwere, &c. At all events 
it is certain that in the 4 Edw. III. some settlement ' of these estates by 
fine between them took place ; but Thomas de Goumay may have been 
rightful heir to them ; it being from this circumstance not improbable that 
after the failure of the line of Ap-Adam he was representative of the eldest 
branch of the Goumays of Somersetshire. (App. CXVI. No. I.) This 
Thomas de Goumay was, as has been before mentioned, Seneschal to 
Thomas Ap-Adam. 

He bore. Paly of six, over all a bend charged with three mullets for 
difference, which seems to be derived from the arms of Ap-Adam, A cross 
charged with five mullets. 





BIB THOMAS OOUBICAT OF BAST HABFTBBB. 



AP-ADAM. 



In 17 Edw. III. Thomas Goumaye de Harpetree obtains a pardon for all 
thefts, robberies, murders, felonies, &c. upon condition of performing 
service in Britany at his own expense. William Northcote and Rogerus 
Goumey de com. Somerset are his manucaptors for the performance of 
the service. Westm'. 5th May, 1 7 Edw. III. And Rogems Goumey is also 
manucaptor for Johannes de Say — pardoned in like manner.^ 



Townley MS. 



b Rot Franc. 17 Edw. III. m. 7. 



4 X 



690 THOMAS DE GOURNAY OF EAST HARPTREB. [PART IV* 

Thomas de Goumeye was going in the comitiva of Hugh d'Audeleye, 
and has letters of protection dated Sandwich, 4th Sept. 16 Edw. III.* 

Thomas de Goumey was about to depart for Gascony in the comitiva of 
Hugh Despencer, and has general letters of protection. West. 10 June, 
17 Edw. UV 

The Townley MS. contains several charters of this Sir Thomas de Gour- 
nay of East Harptree. In one of these he calls himself Thomas Gumey, 
junior, probably in contradistinction to the Thomas de Goumay, Lord of 
Inglishcombe, eldest son of the Regicide. Another of these documents is 
curious as being his deed of gift of Robert Jordan his viUain (nativusj to 
Everard de Frenche of Bristol. (App. CXVI. No. 3 ) 

Thomas de Goumay married Joan daughter of Sir John Inge, Knight ; 
and after the death of Sir Thomas Goumay she re- 
married Sir John Devereux, Knight.*^ 

The Inges were a knightly family seated at Corston 
in Somersetshire; they had been originally domestics 
to the St. Loos. 

Inge bore, A chevron between three eaglets.^ 
Sir Thomas Gournay had issue, John his son and 
heir, and a daughter Joan, of whom hereafter. 
He died 17 Edw. III. (1344), seised of the manor and castle of East 
Harptree, and the borough of Netherwere.* 

John de Goumay his son and heir was bom in 1332, and was 12 years 
old at his father's death. He sold the manor of Netherwere the 33 Edw. 
III. (1360), and, dying without issue, this branch of the Goumay family 
failed in the male line,' and the property descended to Joanna his sister. 

• Rot. Vase. m. 31. »> Rot. Franc, m. 25. 

^ Townley MS. ^ Collinson's Somersetshire, vol. iii. p. 346. 

^ History of the House of Ivery, vol. ii. p. 507. 

^ Ibid. Collinson's Somersetshire, vol. iii. p. 588. 




APP. CXVI.J 



DOCUMENTS IN TOWNLEY MS. 



691 



APPENDIX CXVI. 



EXTRACTS FROM TOWNLEY MS. RESPECTING THOMAS DB GOURNAY OF EAST HARPTRBE. 



(Ao 4 Edward III.) 
No. 1. 

Finalis concordia inter Tho' de Goumay 
qusrentem et Thomam Ap-Adam def. de 
manerio de Est Harptree, Donham, et Nether- 
were in com. Somerset, scilicet, quod praedictus 
Thomas de Goumay prsedicta maneria'esse jus 
Thome Ap-Adam, et ilia qus idem Thomas 
habet de dono prsedicti Thomae de Goumay. 
Habend' eidem ThomsB de Goumey et haeredibus 
suis in perpetuum. 

No. 2. 

Omnibus, &c. Thomas de Gomay miles, 
filius et hasres Hugonis de Gomay, salut, &c. 
Dat apud Est Harptree A<>. 10 Edw. III. 

Sigillum Thome de Gomey^ junioris. 



I 



No. 8. 

Sciant praesentes et futuri quod Ego 
Thomas de Gumey, d'nus de Est Harptree, 
miles, dedi Everardo Frenche de BristoU Rober- 
tum Jordan nativum meum, &c Testibus Johanne 
Begott, he. Dat, apud Est Harptre A°^ regni 
R^ Edw. Tertii 15, 

Sigillum Thome de Gomeyy junioris. 

No. 4. 
Omnibus, &c. D*nus Thomas Gpmey 
miles, filius et hasres Hugonis de Gomey, salu- 
tem. Noveritis me confirmare Thome filio 
Radulphi Freyssant totam terram illam que de 
Hugone patre meo quondam tenuit in villa de 
Est Harptre anno 15 Edw. III. 

SigiUwn Thome de Gomey, Juniorit. 




SIGILLUM THOMK DB OORNBY, JOMIOBIS. 



693 




JOANNA, DAUGHTER AND HEIRESS OF THOMAS DE GOURNAY 

OF EAST HARPTREE. 

Joanna de Go urn ay was married to Walter de Caldicot.* Caldicot 
bore for arms, Sable, on a chevron or, between three 
trees uprooted, of the second, an eagle displayed argent. 

Walter Caldicot and Joanna de Goumay had an only 
daughter called Alice, married to Philip son of Richard 
de Hampton.** (App. CXVH.) The seal of this Philip 
de Hampton is preserved in the Townley MS. : it is. 
Paly of six, the arms of Gournay impaling a bend 
between six fleurs de lis ; this is worthy of notice, as he adopted the 
coat of the mother of his wife, and put his own on the 
female side ; doubtless from the baronial descent of 
the Goumays. 

In 1600 the heiress of Hampton married the youn- 
ger brother of Sir Newton, alias Caradoc of 
Wick, descended from an ancient Welsh family seated 
at Newton in Powisland, who bore for arms. Argent, on 
a chevron azure three garbs or. 

Sir John Newton, the grandson of this marriage, was 
cotemporary with Leland the antiquary, and from him 
the latter obtained the following information. He 
(Lfcland) had arrived at a place called Hanham, where 
this Sir John Newton " dwellyth in a fayre olde mannar 
place of stone called Barrescourt." 

" THYNGS LBRNED OF SIR JOHN NEWTON.*' 

•* Newton's very proper name is Caradoc. The name of Newton cam by 
this error and use, bycawse the graundfather of Sir John Newton dwellyd, 
or was borne, at Trenewith* in Poise-land. 

" Goumey was lord of Stoke Hamden, and ther he lyethe buryed in a 
collegiate chapel by the ruyns of his castle. He was chief foundar, as 

» Collinson's History of Somersetshire, vol. iii. p. 588. ** Ibid. 

« Itinerary, vol. vii. p. 88, Ac. ^ Trenewith (Tre* Newydd) is Welsh for New Town. 





A. D. 1550 ] lbland's itinerary. 693 

some say, of the howse of Gaunts, at Bristow. He was foundar of the 
priorye of nunes in Somersetshire, called Baron » Gurney. He was lord of 
Whitecombe, and of Richemonte Castle, by Mendepe, three miles from 
Wells, All the buyldynge of this castle is clene downe. It cam after to 
Hampton, and then to Caradoc, alias Newton. 

" The forest of Kyngs Wodd cummythe just unto Barrescourte, master 
Newton's house. Ther were of ancient tyme four comptyd as chefe lords 
of Mendepe ; first the Kynge, and his parte cam to the Byshope of Bathe 
as by a fee ferme. Glastenbyre had another parte. Bonvill, Lord of 
Bonvill, and now Graye Lord Marques of Dorset, was the third owner. 
The fourthe was Gurney, now Caradoc, alias Newton. The lengthe of 
Mendepe from este to weste by estimation a 20 myles, and wher it is 
broadest a 6 myles ; in many places lesse. 

" Gurney usyd to ly muche at Richemonte Castle. It stondithe in the 
rote of Mendipe, est from Bristow, in the parish of East Harptree, by the 
paroche churche of it. Ther standithe yet a pece of the dungeon of it- 
Syr John Newton dygged up many olde foundations of it toward buyldinge 
of a new howse hard thereby, caullyd Estewood. 

" Ther is anothar village by Est Harptre caulyd West Harptre Gurney ; 
and there-by the variete of armes that Gurney gave in the glasse wyndowes, 
and his cote armure. At suche tyme as Gurney Ijrved the Lord Fitzwarine 
was master of Mendepe Foreste by inheritance, and it was well furnished 
with dere ; but anon aftar for riots and trespasses done in huntynge it 
was deforestyd, and so yet remaynethe. Gumey*s lands came by this means 
unto Newton. One Newton, a man of feyre lands, inhabytynge at Wyke 
toward Barwell, had a yonger brothar that maryed one of the doughtars 
and heyres of Hampton, and wyfe afore to one of the Chokks, that dyed 
without yssue by hym. This was the yongest doughtar of the three that 
Hampton left ; and yet she, being married unto Newton, the fathar of Ser 
John Newton, fortunyd to have all the three parts. 

" The very lands of Newton of Wyke be discendyd by heires generals 
unto Ser Henry Chapell, soun to Syr Giles that dwelled at Wike, and to 
Master Grifithe of Northamptonshire that hathe Braybroke Castle. So 
that Newton of Barcourt hathe no parts of Newton*s lands of Wike.'* 

* Barew Gurney. 



694 



THE NBWTONS OR CARADOCS. 



[part IV. 



Sir John Newton, Leland's cotemporary, lies buried at East Harptree. 




MONUMENT OF SIB JOHN NEWTON AT BAST HABPT&BE. 



Sir Thomas Newton, one of this family, is buried in Bristol Cathedral, 
under a costly mural monument, with the following inscription : — 




JeaU 



MONUMENT OF 8IE THOMAS NEWTON AND CATHERINE PA8T0N, HIS WIFE, 
IN BRISTOL CATHEDRAL. 



A. D. 



1594,] 



MONUMENT IN BRISTOL CATHEDRAL. 



695 



" Here lyeth Sir Thomas Newton of Baxriscourt^ co. Gloucester, Knight, 
who married Catherine, daughter of Sir Thomas Paston, Knight, by whom 
he had two sons and four daughters ; he died 1594, setatis 70. 

Gttraey, Hampton, Cradock, Newton laBt, 

Held on the measure of that ancient line 

Of Barons' blood ; fiill seventy years he past, 

And did in peace his sacred soul resign. 

His Christ he loved ; he loved to feed the poor; 

Such love assured a life that dies no more. 

Under was a full shield of the quarterings of Newton. ' 




1. Caradoc or Newton. Argent, on a chevron azure three garbs or. 

2. Shereborne. Ermine, three lozenges fesswise sable. 

3. Angle. Or, four fusils fesswise azure, over all a bend gules. 

4. Pyrott. Gules, three pears or. 

5. Harvey. Sable, billett6 and a lion rampant or. 

6. Chedder. Sable, a chevron ermine between three escallops argent. 

7. Harmynge. Ermine, on a chief gules three buck's heads cabossed 
argent. 



Townley MS. 



696 



THB NBWTONS OR CARADOCS. 



[part IV. 



8. Hampton. Azure, a bend between six fleurs-de-lis or. 

9. • Ermine, a fess gules. 

10. Fumeaulx. Gules, a bend between six eross-crosslets or. 

1 1 . Caldieot. Sable, on a chevron or between three trees uprooted of 
the second an eagle displayed argent. 

12. Gumey Harptree. Paly of six, or and azure, on the second pale a 
fleur-de-lis. 

The Newtons were made baronets by Charles II. but we are not able 
to ascertain what family now represents them. 




KICHMOUNTB CA8TLK, KA8T HARPTBBB- 



APP. CXII.] 



697 



APPENDIX CXVIL 



EXTRACT PROM THB CHARTULARY OP THE HYLL OR HULL FAMILY, AMONGST 
THE RECORDS OF THE LATE AUGMENTATION OFFICE. 

*^ EsTHARPETRE. — Memorand^ que | dreit sa force quel defesaunce jay. Et le 
d'auncien temps Le Maner de Estharpe- ! jugement ? lour ordnaunce jay en escript, 
tre ove sej membre} J apurten^nces | Et leffeit de lour jugement estoit que 

Water J Johane duissent aver le; maners 
suisdit3 heneritablement ?^» Et le dit 



fuist a mounS Thomas de Goumey "Z 
8e3 auncestre} quel mounS Thomas de 
Oourney prist a femme Johan la soer 
mounS Thomas Fichet le primer entre 
queux issist Johan la feme Wauter 
Catecote et de) dit) Wauter ? Johane 
vint Alice la femme Philip Hamptone et 
a^s la mort mdnS Thomas Oourney dame 
Johane sa femme que avoit joint estat en 
le dit maner prist a baron John Deverose 
entre queux issist mounS John Devoros 
t®. Et apres y avoit un graunt debate 
parentr le dit mounS John Deveros le fit; 
1 Wauter Catecote *5! Johane 8 femme 
come en droit de sa femme de le} maners 
in Estharpetre "Z Estwode J auterrs mem- 
bris dicell T^ apres la mort la dite dame 
Johane de Goumey que estoit mier a 
mdnS John OeveroS % a Johane feme 
Catecote. Et addarrain p eide 1 mediacon 
de monS Thomas Fychet le fit) questoit 
Cosyn as dit) mounS John ? Johan Cate- 
cote come dit est cest debat estoit mys 
en ordinance J arbitracon le dit mounS 
Thomas Fichet "Z mestre Robert Corffe 
clerk 7 de estre a lour ordinance ? arbitra- 
con le dit mounS John Deveros estoit 
oblige) a dit monS Thomas Fichet J 
mestre Roht en mil ti. p sa obligacon 
quel jay desouth defesaunce endente que 
en cas que le dit mounS John parfourne- 
reit lour ordinaunce que lobligacon per- 

4 



Water duist paier a dit mounS John 
Clx. ti. a jours limites %c. J le dit mounS 
John duist relesser tout soun droit Jc* a 
dit Johane Jc. Et auters clauses sount 
dein) le dit Jugement. Et tout estoit per-> 
fournyj et pur ceo que le dit mdnS 
Thomas fist soun labour J graunt dili« 
gence entour le dit debat peser« Et auxint 
fuist vaillaunt person en qy le) ditj 
Water "Z Johane av[oient] graunt affiaunce 
lie. le) dit) Water *? Johane sa femme 
graunter[ent] aldit mounS Thomas Fichet 
que apres lour deces J en cas que John 
Caticote que estoit fit) bastard a dit 
Water t Johane J esquyer a dit monS 
Thomas deivast saun) heir mal de soun 
corps engendre que le dit mounS Thomas 
list le dit maner J terre) *?c. a luy ? se) 
heirs a tout) jours ? pour perfoumer 
lour entent eux enfefferunt Richard Oterye 
t Willielmum Sambiok a eux t a lour 
heirs a tous jours J par fait endente 
repristrount estat ariere a eux pur lour 
vie) le remeindre a John Catecote lour 
fit) bastard a luy J se) heirs mals de soun 
corps engendre) It pur defaut de tiel issue 
le remeindre ent a dit mounS Thomas 
en fee ?c. Et sour ceo un fait endente 
de Covenant) entre eux estoit fait que 
ensuit.'* 



698 



CONCLUSION. 



[part IV. 




BARBW COURT, SOMEBSETSHIRE. 



I have now completed my account of the Goumays of Somersetshire, 
all the branches of which race appear to have become extinct at the 
periods and in the way I have mentioned. It is possible however that 
oflFshoots from the parent tree may have existed, and which have not 
fallen under my notice. I am induced to think that the more likely, from 
my having seen an original letter (of which I give a copy in App. 
CXVIII.) written in 1685 by the Rev. Justinian Goumay, Rector of 
Wadenho in Northamptonshire ; to which is attached a seal much broken : 
but that it was an escutcheon of arms, paly of six pieces, is distinctly 
visible ; also the crest, a head out of a ducal coronet. The letter itself 
contains a proposal of marriage of Mr. Justinian Gournay to *^ Madam 
Freeman at her house in Wellingborough," and is a comical example of 
the quaint formality of such transactions at the period it was written. 



A.D. 1685.J 



JUSTINIAN GOURNAY. 



699 




CHUBCH, BA&EW GU&NEY. 



Of the manors of Inglishcombe and Barew Gumey, which were the 
most ancient possessions of the Somersetshire branch of the Goumays 
(having belonged to them at the time of the Survey), the former appears 
to have been forfeited at the attainder of Thomas de Goumay the Regicide, 
and never to have been restored. Barew Gumey was sold by Thomas 
Ap-Adam to Thomas Lord Berkeley and Margaret his wife, the 6th Edw. 
IIL (1330). See p, 637* It eventually became the property of the family 
of Gore, and now belongs to Mr. Gore Langton. The old mansion of 
Barew Court is in parts very ancient. Some of the outbuildings are of a 
date when the manor was held by the Goiumays, and I therefore introduce 
a view of it, and of the Church of Barew^ which is immediately near it. 



700 



[part IV. 



APPENDIX CXVIII. 



JUSTINIAN OOURNAY, RECTOR OP WADENHO IN NORTHAMPTONSHIRE, 

FROM 1673 to 1713.* 



Copy of an original letter from Justinian 
Goumay, 
Thes: 
To Madam Freeman, at her House u 
Wellinghborough, Presents. 

Wadnoe, April 29/A, 1685, 
Dearb Madam, 
I have not troubled you w^ any visit this 
last fortnight, on purpose y* you might, with- 
out interuption, seriously consider & advise 
with yo'self w^ is best to be done in this 
weighty affiedr we have been upon ; 'tis a busi- 
ness of such moment y^, so far as we know, 
y« happiness of y' whole life may in great 
measure depend upon it, h therefore ought not 
to be concluded either wayes but upon mature 
deliberation, which I suppose you have taken 
in this time, & are now come to such resolu- 
tions as may be to y' satisfaction & y^ good 
of us both. I never loved many words, nor 
extravagant protestations, though I know they 
are so com*on in thes cases, y^ my wants of y"^ 
may perhaps make you think me cold and 
indifferent ; but assure yo^'self, madam, those 
affections I professed to have for you are very 
real k hearty, & such as I find I can'ot easily 
part w"* ; & I hope I was not mistaken when 
I flattered myself you had a more than ordinary 
kindness for me, w«^ I will never give you 

• Brid^* Northamptonihire, vol. ii. page 391, 



just cause to lessen. But am very sensible 
upon what disadvantage I make this address to 
you, w° all about you thinly it their interest to 
keep you single, from whom, & not from you, 
I am perswaded came those hard terms you 
insisted upon ; for, Md™. if I am not strangely 
mistaken in you, you have too much discretion 
ft goodness to make matrimony meer bargain 
and gain, but look upon it as it really is, an 
honorable estate instituted of God himself for 
the society and comfort of mankind ; ^ yn, 
though it be not denyed y^ monie is a thing 
of y^ consequence y^ few enjoy much pleasure 
or content in this world without it, it must yet 
be granted y^ where affections are mutual, 
persons suitable, and their joint fortunes suffi- 
cient to answer the ends to which monie is 
only use full (which are I think chiefly to 
supply the present occasions, and make com- 
petent provision for posterity), an inequality in 
fortune, if not too great, is to make no break 
between them. And this I take to be o' case ; 
my fortune you think too small for y^", but y« 
profits of them both together will rise to con- 
siderably more y° we shall need to spend, so y* 
by y® blessing of God we may be every year 
adding to the stock, w^ will make good pro- 
vision for those children it shall please God to 
give us ; and I hope we are both very well 
satisfied as to o' persons ; for my part I do un- 
feignedly declare I never yet saw y* womai) 



APP. CXVIII.] 



JUSTINIAN GOURNEY. 



701 



whose conversation I liked better, or w^ whom 
I could more willingly wear out my dayes, y° 
y^self ; and if you can have ye the same kindness 
for me, never let y^ world divide us and hinder 
us of more happiness y'* it can give, for true 
content consists not in abundance. I shall 
trouble you no further at p^nt, but leave w^ 
has been said to yo^ consideration, beseeching 



God to direct you, to whose protection I com- 
mit you ; and am, D' Madam, 

Yo' most affectionate and humble servS 
Jus. GoURNEY. 

Pray g^ve my service to your son and 
brother, and if they or any of yo' friends please 
to take a bed with me at the Election, they 
shall be welcome. 



FINIS. 



ADDENDA. 



No. 1.— Arms ik Yarmouth Church (page 78). 

I have stated that it was conjectured the sahle shields on the roof of St. Nicholas's Church, 
at Yarmouth in Norfolk, might be intended for those of the Anglo-Norman Goumays — ^from 
their having been lords of the neighbouring manor of Caistor. These shields have been lately 
taken down in consequence of repairs going on in the church ; and upon a near examination by 
Mr. King, Rougedragon, to whom they were sent, it was found that the sable shields had 
formerly incised bearings of argent, which, being silver, had become black from age ; and thus the 
appearance of the shield was wholly sable. It was therefore an error to suppose they were 
intended for those of Goumay. The arms of Bardolf and Fastolf, both Lords of Caistor, the 
former by inheritance from the Gournays, were amongst those still remaining on the roof of the 
church. 



No. 2. — Henry III. in France (page 150). 

I stated a doubt whether Henry III. had ever been in France in reference to the meeting of 
kings mentioned in the letter of Julian de Tregos at page 146. — I find, however, from the journal 
or diary of Bade or Odo Regaud. Archbishop of Rouen, lately published at Paris from a MS. in 
the Biblioth^que du Roi, that Henry III. was at Paris with St Louis in 1252 and 1259 ; on the 
7th Dec. of the latter year Eude Regaud dined with Henry III. at St. Germain des Pr^ (in 
Paris). In 1262 Henry III. again came to Paris to request St. Louis to act as mediator between 
him and his rebellious barons ; on this occasion, on the 21st July, Eude Regaud accompanied 
Louis to meet the King of England at St Cloud. 



No. 3. — Manbrium (page 279). 

Manors were so called from being residences. What we now call manors (t. e. sokes, vills, or 
lordships) did not acquire that title until a comparatively recent period* As late as the time of 
Edward III. the term manerium was employed only to designate a mansion, which in fact is the 
same thing. — This remark may help in other inquiries where, the term manerium being found, 
no manor appears in the usual acceptation of the word. 



704 ADDENDA. 



No. 4. — Chamberlain's accounts at Lynn Regis (page 871 )• 

Upon a further examination of these account rolls, the following additional notices of Edmund 
Gumay have heen found. 

Lenn Ep'i. — Chamberlain's account from Michaelmas, 49 Edw, III., to 
Michaelmas, 50 Edw. III. (1875—6). 

Expenses of the justices, together with the Expend justiciar un^ cum exbenn : — 
gifts:— 

And for 12*. Id. paid for the expenses of E* ^« ^i^- i^* ^^^^ solutf p expn 
Edmund Gumay, Richard Holditch, and other Edfiii Gumay Rici Holdicb et alio^ jus- 
justices of our lord the King, for the keeping of ti2 Dm Regis p pace consenrand seden? 
the peace, sitting with the mayor one time, cu maiore una vice* 



Lenn. — Chamberlain's account, 1 and 2 Rich. 11. (1878—9). 

Payment of fees. And for 40«. paid to Feod. soluco. Et de xls. cons solul 

Edmund Gumay for his fee this year. Edmo G^nay p feodo suo h? anno* 



Lenn< — Chamberlain's account, 4 and 5 Rich. II. (1881 — ^2). 

Payment of fees. And for 40s. pud to Feodok soluc. Et de xh* sol« Ed&a 
Edmund Gumay for his fee. O^nay p con^ feodo suo. 

In the account of Ed. Bellegate and others, Chamherlains of the Commonalty of the town of 
Lynn, of Receipts i^^d Payments from Michaehnas, 8th Ric. II., to Michaelmas, 9th Ric. II. 
(1384—5). 

Fees paid. And for 40«. paid to Edmund Feod. sol. Et de xls. sol. Edd Our- 

Gurnay for his fee. nay p consii feodo suo. 

Claims and gifts for preserving the liberty, Rc^lia et dona p libtate conservand 

&c. : — &c : — 

And for 22rf. paid for the expenses of Tho- Et de xxii*. sol. p expen Thome Mor- 

mas Morton gomg to Barsham to consult with ton eun? usq} Barsham ad osulend cu 



ADDENDA. 



705 



Edmund Gurnay, on account of the riot of Ediho Gumay cauS rebellion f Phi Wyth 

Kiilip Wyth, as appears in the paper in the ut p3 (patet) in papif in Gildehall. 
Gildhall. 

And for 6d. paid for the expenses of the Et de vi<^. sol. p expn equoj^ Edi Gur- 

horses of Edmund Gumay and Richard de nay et Rici de Walton cauS Phi Wyth. 
Walton, on account of Philip Wyth. 

And for 13^. 4d, paid to Edmund Gurnay Et de xiii". iiii^. da{ Edo O^ay causa 

on account of his (holding a) session, in order cession^ sue p Phi Wyth et at castigaooe 

to determine the punishment of Philip Wythe ordinand. 
and others. 



Expenses hy the mayor upon divers things: — 

And for 3la, 4d. in expenses of Sir Andrew 
Cavendish, sheriff of Norfolk, Edmund Gur- 
nay, and others, justices of the peace, sitting at 
Lynn by virtue of their commission, to inquire 
upon articles in the same dispute pending with 
the mayor. 



Expn p maiore sup dir^g : — 

Et de xxxi. s. iiii. d. in expn dni Andr. 
Cavendish Vic Norflf Edi G'nay et at jus- 
ticio^ pacis sedenf Lenii vtute coraissionf 
sue ad inquirend sup artictas in eadem 
content p«nden? cum majore. 



And for xvif. in expenses of Edmund Gur- Et de xvi. s. in expn Edi G'nay Nichi 

nay, Nicholas Massingham, and others commg Massy ngham et at ven cauS cession f Phi 

on account of the session of Philip Wyth, ^yth cu eodm maiore pndenf. 
pending with the same mayor. 



I have stated, at page 378, that Edmund Gumay was one of the standing council in the nature 
of recorder of the city of Norwich ; the extracts above prove that he stood in the same relation 
with regard to the borough of Lynn, and that his retaining fee (which occurs several times) was 
forty shillings a year. We find Thomas Morton going on behalf of the corporation to West 
Barsham, to consult Edmund Gurnay in consequence of the rebellion (riot) occasioned by Philip 
Wyth. Edmund Gumay and Richard de Walton, the justices, came to Lynn in consequence, 
and held a sessions for the purpose of pronouncing sentence of punishment upon Philip Wythe. 
This, however, does not appear to have been sufficient, as Andrew Cavendish, sheriff of Norfolk, 
was called in to inquire into the matter, in conjunction with Edmund Gumay and other justices. 
Who this Philip Wythe was does not appear ; but it is likely he was an agent, perhaps bailiff, of 
the Bishop of Norwich, at that time superior lord of the borough of Lynn, and Ijetween whom 
and the communitas, or corporation, a continued contest of rights was carried on. 

The rights of the Bishop of Norwich were granted to the corporation of Lynn by Henry VIIL 

4 z 



706 ADDENDA. 

when he seized upon the temporalities of the hishopric, and, in return, conferred those of the 
abbey of Hobne on the bishops of Norwich, which they now possess. 



No. 5. — John de Gournay V. (page 374). 
The following extracts relate to John de Gournay, son of Edmund Gumay, and to the family 
of De Heylesdon, the heiress of which he married. I presume the rents here paid were for tene- 
ments under lease from the communitas, or corporation, of Norwich ; they appear to be rents and 
quit rents, judging from the amounts. 

From an ancient Register or Doomesday belongvig to the Corporation 
of Nonoich. — Folio an?. 

Redditus vetus — (1397). 

Pr. Johe Gumay p ten quond. Alani Marchale in le Cobelerrowe . xiii*. xrf. 

Pr. Jotie Gumay p ten quond. Johis de Heylesdon sup le 

Tomblond xiid. 

Pro ten Johis Gumay quond. Ethelrede Sparwe .... iirf. 

Folio xlvii**. 

Parochia Sci Georgii ante porf See Trinitatis et Simonis et Jude et 
Petri de Hundegate : — 

Johes Gumey p ten quond. Johis de Heylesdon ... irf. 

Folio 1. e) 
Parochia Sci Augustini : — 
Wiftms de Heylesdon p ten. suo iirf. 



William Gurney IV. (page 899) 

This William Gumey's name appears in the commission of array for the county of Norfolk, 
dated 8th Dec. 2nd Richard III. (1484). This was eight months before the battle of Bosworth 
Field, which took place Aug. 22, 1483. Whether William Gumey was there does not appear, 
but his being in the commission of array under Richard III. proves him to have been a Yorkist, 
which is confirmed by the fact of his having been escheator for Norfolk under Edward IV. The 
Yorkists were strong in Norfolk, partly in consequence of Anthony Woodville, brother of Edward 
IV. *s queen, having married a great Norfolk heiress, the daughter of lord Scales of Middleton. 



No. G. — Family of FitzRalf (page 439). 
I have stated that the family of FitzRalf was formerly called de Pebeners, from a manor held 



ADDENDA. 707 

by them ; Pebenera, or Pebmarsh, is in Hinkford hundred, in Essex. At the time Morant wrote 
his History of Essex (1763) the mansion-house of the FitzRalfs stood near a brook in Pebmarsh- 
street At one end of it there was an ancient chapel, and not far from it was a castle, of which the 
remains were scarcely visible. The demesne lands of thA manor were held by the FitzRalfs at 
a quarter of a knight's fee, under the honor of Castle Hedingham. William FitzRalph of 
Pebeners and Alice his wife lived in the reign of Henry III. and is the first person in the 
pedigree at page 440. According to Morant this pedigree seems correct ; but Elizabeth Fitz- 
Ralph, who was heiress of this fEonily, was daughter of John FitzRalph and Alice Walesborough ; 
she married Sir Robert Chamberlayn, and the manor of Pebeners, as well as some of the Norfolk 
estates which the Fitz Ralphs inherited from the Mortimers, passed to her descendants.* I have 
mentioned that Maude FitzRalf, the sister of John FitzRalf, who married Alice Walesborough, 
certainly inherited estates of the FitzRalfs, derived from Mortimer ; this she did by settlement, 
as appears from the following memorandum taken from MS. Harl. 970, p. 14. 

^ Memorand. That the said John FitzRaff, Esq. son of the said John Fitz Raff, Kt. and 
father of the said John FitzRaff, Esq. in consideration of a marriage had between John his son 
and one Alice Walishbury (nearly allied to the Countess of Suff. at the will and request of Will. 
E. of Suff. and the said Countess) caused a state of the said manor of Skoulton, Mag. Elingham, 
and Potington, among others, to be made to Richd. the E. of Warwick, Joh. Howard, and others, 
in fee to the use of himself and of Julian, then his wife, and the heirs males of their two bodies. 
Rem**®', to the heirs males of the body of the said John FitzRaff. Rem**®', to Maud sister to the 
said John F. the son, and to her heirs in fee. John FitzRalph Esq. and Julian his wife, after 
died, and J. FitzRalph, their son, died without issue male. By reason wherof the right and 
title to the premises remained unto the said Maud, the sister to the said John. By reason 
wherof the said Robert Corners and Maud his wife entered into the said premises and took the 
issues and profits thereof. And the said Maud died thereof seized ; after whose death the 
premises descended unto John Corners, as son and heir of the said Maud, who entered and thereof 
was seized, and died thereof so seized. After whose death the premises descended to the said 
Ele Lovell and Ann Spelman, according to the form of the pedigree aforesaid." 

According to this, the descendants of Maud FitzRalf had no right to quarter the arms of that 
family, as Elizabeth FitzRalf, her niece, who married Sir Robert Chamberlain, was the real 
heiress in blood of the family of FitzRalf; nevertheless, the descendants of Maud FitzRalf, 
who by settlement inherited the estates named in the memorandum, did quarter the arms of Fitz- 
Ralf, and, through that family, those of Mortimer of Attleboro', as appears in the arms of the 
Gumeys of West Barsham, who were amongst the descendants of Maud FitzRalf. This looks 
as if the right of quartering arms anciently depended upon inheritance of land as well as upon 
representing the line of a family. 

In the church at Pebmarsh is a monumental effigy of one of the FitzRalfs, of which I have 
inserted an engraving at page 440. 

* Montnt's Easex, vol. ii. p. 260. 



708 ADDENDA. 

No. 7. — Ela, Daughter of Anthony Gurney (p. 449). 

This lady married Drury, and afterwards Christopher Seyve ; and from the latter name 

continuing in the parish register of Irsted I think it likely that manor was settled upon her and 
her descendants. It appears also hy tne following extracts that the Brownings, who afterwards 
intermarried with the Gurney s, were originally of Irsted : — 

From Irstead parish Register. 

Mat. — Solempnizatum fuit matrimonium inter Johannem Brownyng adolesoentem ex una parte 
et Aliciam Stone viduam de Yrsted ex altera parte xx°. die mensis Januarii Anno D'ni 
m°»*>. quingen". quinqua**. sc". et anno Regni regris Edwardi sexti quarto. 

Sepul. — Sepultus fuit Thomas Seive de Jrsted xxix^ die mensis Augusti Ad. Dni mill^ quingen*. 
quinqua^. quarto. 

Bap. — Roh^ y®. son of Anthony Drury, Gent., and Helen his wyfe, was baptized the xi. day of 
July, 1574. 

Buriall. — Anthonie Drury, Gent, was buried the eight daie of December, 1577. 

Sepult — Sepultus fuit Will"". Browninge filius Will'mi Browning, xxviii**. die mensis Feb- 
ruarii, 1558. 

Sepult — Sepultus fuit Joh'es Seyve filius Will'mi Seyve gen. xiii*. die mensis Martii, 1558. 

Parish registers first begim in 1536. 



No 8. — Lewknor Family (page 462). 

I have pointed out the fact of the small amount of land under cultivation possessed by the 
Lewknors, a knightly family, in the time of Henry VII. ; and of the enigma it appears how the 
gentlemen's families lived and built the manor-houses they did upon those few acres. The pro- 
bability is, I presume, that from the old mode of cultivation the outlay was less in proportion to 
the crop than according to our present mode of dealing with the land. We treat land com- 
mercially, looking for a return from capital ; they treated it agriculturally, looking for produce, and 
living in return for time and labour. 



No. 9. — Edmund Gurnay (page 463). 

His admission at Queen's College is thus noticed in the records of the college. In the Ibt of 
pensioners admitted, — 

94 — Edmund Gurney, Norfolk, Oct 30. Rud. 

Rud is the name of his tutor. Edmund Gurnay vacated his fellowship at Corpus Christi 
College, in consequence of his marrying ; this appears by the following entry in an old order 
book of that college. 



ADDENDA. 709 

« 1614-15, Feb. 18. 

'^ Magister Gurnay pronunciatus non socius coUegii per consensum magrbtri et septem so- 
ciorum com ratione amissionis necessariae ob matnmonium. Cessionis voluntarisB testibus Uteris 
propria manu scriptis et ad M"^ Osbume missis. Indulgentia pro fhiitione stipendii usque ad 
Annunciatioiieiii proxime sequentem." 

Whom Edmmid Gurnay married 1 have not discovered ; he witnessed the will of William 
Smith, of Great Massingham, in 1643. This William Smith married his niece, Martha Gurnay. 
Edmund Gumay's signature to this will is followed by that of Ellen Gurnay, perhaps his wife. 

The Thomas Osborne, fellow of Corpus Christi College, here mentioned, was afterwards 
minister of St. Peter's Mancroft, Norwich ; he, as well as Edmund Gumey, had been upon ill 
terms * with Dr. Jegon, master of the college, and afterwards Bishop of Norwich. I presume 
this is the Thomas Osborne who married Ann sister of Edmund Gumey (see page 468). He 
died in 1642, as appears by his monument in St. Peter's Mancroft church. 

^< Here lyeth intered, in hope of the blessed Resurrection, the body of Thomas Osbom, 
minister, who dyed Novemb. y® 2nd, 1642, and Thomas his sonne, who died Novemb. y* 5th, 
1664." 

The arms of Osbom on this monument were. Argent, on a bend between two lions rampant gules 
three dolphins of the first ; so that the arms I have given at p. 468 are erroneous. This family 
of Osbom was of Seething, of whom John Osbom was mayor of Norwich in 1661. (Blomefield, 
vol. iv. p. 201.) 



No. 10. — Martha Gurney (p. 480). 

I have stated that Martha Gumey married William Smith, of Walsingham Magna, Esq. ; 
this is a mistake for Massingham Magna. 

The will of this William Smith was proved the 19th August, 1645. He leaves his wife 
Martha Gumey sole executrix, and all his lands at Great Massingham to her for life. This will 
is witnessed by Edmund Gurnay, rector of Harpley, and Ellen Goumay, probably his wife. 
Charles Calthorpe, of Great Massingham, gentleman, was the second husband of Martha Gumey ; 
he appears to have been a younger son of Sir Christopher Calthorpe, of Cockthorpe and East 
Barsham. By the parish register of Great Massingham, it appears that Mrs. Martha Calthorpe 
died in 1669, and her husband in 1676. 

Burials. 
** Martha, the wife of Charles Calthorpe, gentleman, was buried the 24th day of March." 
" Charles Calthorpe, gentleman, was buried the 30th of January, 1676." 
Charles Calthorpe bequeathed land at Great Massingham for a school and other charitable 
objects ; the school to be over the porch. (See Clarke's Charities of Norfolk.) 

* Dr. Lamb's History of Ck>rpii8 Christi College, p. 841. 



710 ADDENDA. 

No. 11. — Banking (page 515). 

A leuned ftiend of mine reminds me that the moneT-changers in the temple at Jenualem 
mu<l hare been bankers of a certain sort in the time of oar Sarioor. He is of opinioo that in 
verr car)y times the temples of the Gods were the places where money was left on deposit in the 
hands of the priests, at interest, and by them lent out, the sacred character of their ofiee 
causine them to obtain credit, and, at the same time, power to obtain repayment of kons^ He 
thinks he detects this custom in the 21st book of the Iliad, where Neptune and ApoGo i that is^ 
the priests of their temples) are said to hare lent money at interest to L^omedon, King of Troy. 
in order to enable him to boild the walls of that city. The passage Is as follows : — 

In the Council of Gods, Neptune addresses Apollo. 

liiady 2lst book, line 441. 

Niprvrt'. ws avoov ioahiiiv c^cf. oi-^c >v rwr ^to 
McfiKTaf} Iva tfi raSofifv cara IXior a/io<, 
Moi'>oc rtoc B€wVj ir ayijrooc \ao^€hoyTi 
Ilao A«c« cXOo^rcf difrevfl-a/icy ccs evcaiTor, 
M(ff6w cxf oifT^. o^c 7i|/iai»'w> e^tTtWtr ; 
Hro« cyii* Towcff*?-! xoXiv cat T€t\os c^cc/ia 
Evov r€ cai fiaXa raXor, i»'* apo ifrrof toXh ecif' 
«Km*>c, av be €iXnrobas cXicas ^vs fJovKoX€€VK€s 
Itfit €f Krjifioitn xoXiirrv^ov i'Xi|C9'9i|s. 
AAA' crc tti fiivBoio rcXos xoXvyifOccf ^Qpai 
E^^por, rore »wi />ii|4raro ^loBov axai^a 
\ao^€^wy ccxa-yXcf, axcXif^-af b' axcxe/xxe. 
woc fM.€v oy' i|XccXi}ac rob as rai ceipaf i-repBc 
Aifvccr, rat xcoaav riyg^y cxf n|Xc^axaw»' 
2rcvro ^* o^' afiparcp^r axocoCe/iO" ovara ;^a\cy. 

To be translated thus : — 

^ You simple fellow ! what an irrational head you hare, and a memory whkh forgets all the 
ill usage which we two have suffered at the hands of the Trojans ! we ooIt of all the gods. 
when, having permission of Jupiter, we lent the money upon a declared per<eutagv p^r awt. 
Laomedon signed the contract. Upon this I furnished the cash for building the walls of Tror, 
most spacious and strong, such as nerer to be taken by a hostile force. But you, ApoIlo» fnmisiied 
the oxen for carnage of materials, and kept them in four pastures, on Mount Ida. Bat, when the 
term arrired for payment of the interest, then he (Laomedon) withheld the whole, bnzuIlT 
insulting us, and driving us with threats from his presence. As to yon, he threatened to bind 
you hand and foot, and transport you to a desert and far distant island ; and he rowd »K*» he 
would next cut off the ears of us both.** 



ADDENDA. 711 

Some of the earliest Roman coins have the head of the god Janus upon thero, and may have 
issued from a mint attached to the temple of that god. The public mint at Rome was on the 
Capitoline-hill, and formed part of the temple of Juno Moneta, as did the aerarium of the temple 
of Saturn. These facts in some measure confirm the idea of my learned friend. 



No. 12. — Francis Gurnay (page 524). 

I have stated that Francis Gurnay was a member of the Merchant Taylors* Company in 
London : by the docimients of that Company it appears, " Francis Gurnay, son of Henr}' 
Gurnay, of Great Ellinggam, in the county of Norfolk, was admitted and sworn to the freedom 
of the Merchant Taylors' Company on the 16th day of June, 1606." 



INDEX. 



Aaron, the Jew of Lincoln, 808. 

Acre, siege of, 129. 

Act of mortgaging 100 measures of wine. 111. 

Agreement between the Chapter of St. Hildevert 

and Walter Rufiis, 165. 
Aid, feudal, what, 875. 
Airth, Earls of, 571 . 
Albini de, family of, 71. 
Alfred, son of Ethelred, seized at Dover, 88 
Anecdotes related by members of the Gumey 

family, 482. 
Anselm, St. his letters, 49, 60. 
Ardley, a fief of the Goumays, 199. 
Argueil, town of, 298. 
Arms of 

Albany, 486. 

Albret, 19, 80. 

Ammori, 866. 

Anjou, house of 77. 

Ap-Adam, 687, 689. 

Baalun, 605. 

Baconsthorpe, 888, 889, 840. 

Barclay of Ury, 569. 

Bardolf, 79, 190, 198, 858, 589. 

Bassingboume, 854, 855. 

Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick, 679. 

of Hache, 679. 

of Somerset, 677. 

or St. Omer, 854. 

Beaumont, ^scounts, 194. 

Bee, Abbey, 54. 



Arms of 

Berkeley quartering Berkeley, &c. 621, 

685. 
Bemey, 840. 

Bertie, Earl of Abingdon, 194. 
Blennerhasset, 454, 461. 
Blundeville imp. Gumey, 425. 
Bokenham, 858, 425. 
Botetourt, 186, 629. 
Boyd, Earl of Kilmarnock, 578. 
Brette, 19, 30. 
Britany, house of, 19, 30. 
Browning of Cambridgeshire, 531. 
de Bumham, 809, 811, 854. 
Bythemore, 641. 
Caldicot, 692. 

Calthorpe, 809, 854, 406, 487. 
Cantelowe, 145. 
Cantelupe, 145. 
Catt of Havingham, 565. 
Clare, 353, 487, 489. 
Clifford, 198. 486. 
Cobham, 194. 
Coke, 496. 
Conyers, 415, 441. 

with a diff. 441. 

Coucy, 98, 126. 
Counteville, 641. 
Crowe, 479- 

Dampmartin, Counts of, 178. 
— — — (Aumale), 178. 

5 A 



714 



INDEX. 



Arms of 

Damaury, 366. 

D'Engaine, 425. 

Drew, 353. 

Drury, 449. 

Edward the Black Prince, 354. 

ErringtoD, 194. 

Etoutville, 95, 410. 

Fastolf, 80. 

Fitz-Harding, 606. 

Fitz-PhiUp, 309, 31 1, 354. 

Fitz-Ralf, 415, 439. 

imp. Mortimer, 321. 

Fitz- Walter, 353, 436. 
Fotheringaj, 353. 
Fumeux, 656. 
Gaunt, 606. 
George, St, 354. 
Gisor8, town of, 130. 
Goumay, town of, 20, 254. 

Barons of, 19, 30, 79, 96, 126, 130, 

330. 

of Somersetshire, 284, 589, 621, 634, 

681 ; with diff. 590, 614, 640. 
Sir Thomas, of East Harptree, 689, 



691. 



- I imp. De Hampton, 692. 

imp. • • . 79,96. 

Gumey of London, 522, 524. 

of Maldon, 536. 

Sir Richard, 534. 

of Cawston, 493. 

of Hardwick Court, 426. 

of Norfolk, 279, 283, 320, 321, 329, 

339, 340, 353, 355, 384, 413, 447 v their 

shield, front. Part II. and 522. 

— . imp. Blennerhasset, 454, 460. 

Calthorpe, 400, 418, 424. 

Heydon, 321, 407, 418, 424. 

Holditche, 321, 446, 452. 



Arms of 

Goumay, imp. Ho veil, 471. 

— Jemingham, 321, 424. 

Kerville, 386, 418. 

— ■ L* Estrange, 409. 

Lewknor, 462. 

Lovell 414, 424. 

Mortimer, 424. 

Tyrrell, 424. 

Wauncy, 320, 366, 367, 419, 



424. 



Wayte, 494. 
... 418. 



quartering de Bumham, 320. 

Hanbury, 573. 

Haye-Hue, Jean de la, 575. 

d*Agneux, Jean de la, 575. 

de Villebadin, 575. 

Hereford, Bishop of, 183, 395. 
Herling, 437. 
Herward, 413. 
Heydon, 840, 411, 412. 
Hovells of Norfolk, 481. 

of Suffolk, 481. 

Howard, 354. 

Inge, 690. 

Ingoldesthorpe, 326, 340. 

Jemingham, 396. 

Kerdestone, 437. 

Kerville, 389. 

Kett, 567. 

L'Estrange, imp. • . . 450. 

Lewknor, 469. 

Lexham, 351. 

Longchamp, 619. 

Lovel, Viscount, of Titchmersh, 194. 

Lovel, 415, 442. 

Luvell of Castle Cary, 636. 

Menezes of Portugal, 19. 

Middleton, 559, 560. 



INDEX. 



715 



Arms of 

Montford, 144, 152, 629. 
Mortimer of AtUeborough, 415, 430, 435, 
437. 

of Ricard's Castle, 480, 488. 

of Wigmore, 430. 

imp. Catt, 565. 

with diff. 437, 438. 

Moulton, 438. 

iMowbray, 72, 152. 

Narbonne, 19. 

Newton, 692 ; shield of the quarterings of, 

695. 
Noiers, 355. 
Norris, 194. 
Osborne, 468. 
Paynell, 583. 
Percival, 641. 
Phelip, 193. 

Plantagenet, Hameline, 77. 
Potts, 488. 
Ratcliflfe, 437. 

quartering Mortimer, 436, 484. 

Rhese ap Griffith, 71, 629. 

St. Lawrence, 353. 

Scales, 354. 

Scroope, 678. 

Skipworth, 95, 410. 

Stapleton, 194. 

Stratheni, Menteith and Airth, Earl of, 572. 

Stryvelin, 558. 

Stubbs, 449, 451. 

Studhaugh, 383. 

Stuteville of Suffolk, 95, 410. 

Sir Nicholas, 95. 

Swanton, 550. 

imp. Paston, 550. 

Swinburne, 558. 

Talbot, 70, 71. 

of Ricard's Castle, 680. 



Arms of 

Talbot, of Wymondham, 71. 

Tiptoft, 680. 

Tregoz, 152. 

Trevet, 673. 

Tyrrell, 417. 

Ufford, Earl of Suffolk, 340, 437. 

Vermandois, Capetian, 124. 

Carlovingian, 124. 

de Vivonia, 630. 

Warren, 77, 353, 489, 

with diff. 309. 

Wauncy, 358, 366, 367, 489. 

Whetenhall, 340. 

Wingfield, 437. 

Zouche of Mortimer, 430. 
Arques, William Count of, 29, 43. 
Assize, grand, a mode of trial, 805. 
Aubm-sur-Goumay, St Priory of, 159. 

Baalun de, family of, 604. 

Baconsthorpe, family of, 337. 

Badges, origin of, 401. 

Banking, origin of, 515, 710. 

Barclay, family of, 569. 

Bardolf, family of, 188. 

Barew-Gumey in Somersetshire, manor of, 587, 

593, 698. 
Baronies by tenure, what, 80. 
Barsham, West, Church, account of, 490. 

^- Hall, account of, 489. 

Beaubec abbey, 97. 

Beauchamp of Hache, Lord, a merchant, 677. 

Bee, abbey, 49. 

Bellosanne, abbey, 155. 

Berkeley Castle, Ed. II. murdered in, 646. 

Benet Fmk, St. parish of, in London, 524. 

Bival nunnery, 103. 

Blennerhasset, fjBimily of, 460. 

Blundeville, iamily of, 425. 



716 



INDEX. 



Bokenham, family of, 425. 

le Bray, Fiefs of, 167. 

Bray, Pays de, 5. 

Brefmoutier monastery, 60. 

Browning, family of 631. 

the Burgundian, or Le Bourguignon, family of, 122. 

Burials of persons of distinction in early tunes, 345. 

de Bumham, or Fitz-Philip, family of, 308. 

Byland abbey, 82. 

Caistor and Cantley given to the Chapter of St. 
Hildevert, 162. 

manor of, 77. 

Calthorpe, family of, 406. 
Cantelupe, family of, 144. 

St Thomas of, 179. 

Cardiff, battle of, 40. 
Carucate of land, how much, 304. 
Cellarer, office of, 382. 
Chamberlain's accounts at Lynn, 37 1 . 
Charter of 

William the Conquerer, 45, 58, 59, 76- 

Stephen, 108, 110. 

Henry II. 35, 108, 109, 122, 215, 235. 

Richard I. 154, 158, 238, 239. 

John, 109, 158, 176, 616, 611, 612. 

Edward I. 634. 

Albini, Gundred de, 82. 

d'Alges, Hugh, 242. 

Arques, William Count of, 43. 

Boulogne, Faramus, 235. 

Bumham, William de, 309. 

Canterbury, Hubert Archbp. of, 133. 

Chauseia, Geoffrey de, 219, 221. 

Walter de, 218. 

Danmartin, Manasser de, 288, 290. 

Evreux, William Fleitel, Bp. of, 56, 

Fert^, Hugh de la, I. 32. 

Ferte, Hugh de la, IL 33. 

Flavacourt, William, 166. 



Charter of 

Fleitel, Gerard, 56. 

Goumay, Hugh de, IV. 97, 112, 114, 117, 
118, 119, 122, 123,274. 

Goumay, Hugh de, V. 116, 119, 120, 121, 
122, 153, 156, 159, 160, 161, 162, 164, 
208. 

Goumay, Hugh de, VI. 195, 196, 201, 216, 
217, 218. 

Goumay, Robert de, 624. 

Guraay, Galiena de, 296. 

Haldup, Turstinus, 58. 

Mallet, William, 87. 

Meduana, W^alter de, 296. 

Norwich, John Bp. of, 164. 

Rouen, Hugh Archbp. of, 104. 

Mauger Archbp. of, 43. 

Rotrou Archbp. of, 113. 

Warren, William third Earl of, 310. 

Tyngrie, Sibilla de, 235. 
Citizen or Burgess, origin of, 505. 
Clairruissel Priory, 111. 
Companies, free, account of, 671. 
Confirmation of the Governor of Brest by Edward 

IIL 684. 
Conqu^ts Hue de Goumai, 6, 46. 
Conyers, family of, 440. 
Cordwainer, what, 541, 549. 
Coucy and Maria, Lords of, 93, 126. 
Coupeguelle, field of, 39. 
Coutances, Geoffrey Bp. of, account of, 594. 
Coward, John Le, champion of Matthew de Gour- 

nay, 302. 
Crests, origin of, 390. 

Crispin, Eva, her penance for love of lap dogs, 53. 
Cross, engrailed, 339. 
Crowe, family of, 479. 
Cmsade, in 1097, 67. 

Dampmartin, family of, 177 ; hi England, 290. 



INDEX. 



717 



Deed of 

Ailvricus, conveyiDg land at Gaywood, 299. 

Ap-Adam, Thomas, 638. 

Beauchamp, John de, 677. 

Eogelfield, Philip, 228. 

Gememue, Adam de, 800. 

Gift, to the priory of Castle Acre, 369. 

to Lewes Priory, 316. 

to the priory of Walsingham, 337. 

of Robert Jordan, a villain, 691. 

— - to William de Wauncy, 369. 

Goumay, Anselm de, 634. 

■ Hawisa de, 608. 

■ John de, 350. 

Matthew de, 312. 

Olivia de, 638 

Thomas de, 691. 

William de, 324. 

M elefford, William de, 349. 

Pardon for the death of William Gomey, 634. 

Roger, prior of Wymondham, 334. 

Tegulator, Hugo, respecting a house at Gay- 
wood, 308. 
Descent of the Gumeys of Keswick, 582. 
Domesday, extracts from, 54, 198, 212, 231, 234, 

596. 
Drury, family of, 449. 

Earlham church, monument at, 583. 

Ecouch6, fief of, 173. 

Edward, son of Ethelred, lands at Southampton, 

37. 
Edward II. murder of, 645. 
Ellingham, church of, griven by Hugh de Gour- 

nay V. to priory of Clair Ruissel, 119. 
Ellingham Hall, description of, 423. 
Ellingham, Great, manor of, 414, 488. 
Engaine, family of, 425. 
Enroll, Earls of, 574. 
Escheator, office of, 399. 



Eudes, has Goumay allotted to him, 5, 23. 
Expense Rolls as to the capture of Thomas de 

Goumay, 662. 
Extracts from 

Abbreviatio Placitoram, 608. 
Chartulary of the Hull family, 697. 
Household accounts of Sir Thomas L' Es- 
trange, 445, 529. 
Liberate Rolls, An. 5 Edward lU. 662. 
Lynn Corporation Books, 531. 
Register of Marham abbey, 380. 
of the Society of Friends, at Nor- 
wich, 547. 

Fert6, La, priory of, 31. 

Gautier de, 27. 

Hugh de, account of, 27. 

Fiefs, English, belongmg to the Goumays, 1 7, 197. 
— - — of the Wauncys in Clackclose Hundred, 371. 
Fine, description of, 315. 
between 

Crepping, Simon de, and John de Goumay, 
347. 

Gaunt, Henry de, and Robert de Goumay,625. 

Goumay, John de, and William de Swathings, 
332. 

and Roger de Kylby, 347. 



195. 



312. 



315. 



• Hugh de, VI. and Roger de Botetourt, 
Matthew de, and Philip de Bumham, 

• Mabilia de, and Thomas son of Lewis, 
' Robert de, and Hugh Prior of Ber- 



mondsey, 623. 



691. 



— — and William son of John, 622. 

• Thomas de, and Thomas Ap-Adam, 

• William de, and his serf, 324. 

— — — and Martin de Westlai, 315. 



718 



INDEX. 



Fine between 

Herpelay, Emma de, and Matthew de Gour- 

nay, 313. 
Ingoldesthorpe, Thomas de, and William de 
Gournay, 325. 
Fish, hieroglyphic of the early Christians, 384. 
Htz-Harding, Robert, account of 605. 
Fitz-Ralf, family of, 439, 706. 
Flaitel, family of, 54. 

Basilia, wife of Hugh de Goumay III. 47; 

becomes a nun in the abbey of Bee, 48 ; ac- 
count of her death, 53. 
Fordham in Essex, manor of, 198. 
Free Companies, 671. 

Gaillard, chateau, siege of, 137. 

Gaillefontaine, a fief of the Goumay s, 27, 29. 

Gaunt's Hospital in Bristol, account of, 619, 623. 

Goumay, town and fortress of, 6, 24 ; and Pays 
de Brai in 1845, 255. 

Renaud de, 26. 

Hugh de, 1. account of, 36. 

Hugh de, II. account of, 16, 37 ; accom- 
panies Duke William, 39 ; his death, 40. 
■ Hugh de, III. account of 16, 40; becomes a 



Monk, 48 ; his gifts to the abbey of Bee, 50 ; detains 
the relics of St. Hildevert, 51 ; his death, 52. 
Gerard de, account of, 17, 63 ; at the 



First Crusade, 67 ; his death, 69. 

Walter de, account of, 69, 288. 

Hugh de, IV. account of 18, 84 ; rebels 



against Henry I. 85 ; founds the abbey of 
Beaubcc, 87 ; assumes the cross in 1147, 88 ; 
founds the nunnery of Clairruissel, 89 ; repairs 
the church of St. Hildevert, 89 , his death, 91. 
Hugh de, V. account of 18, 128 ; at the 



siege of Acre, 129 ; founds the abbey of Bello- 
sanne, 132; founds the priory of St. Aubin, 
132 ; removes the relics of St Hildevert, 133 ; 
retires into England, 139 ; his death, 141. 



Goumay, Hugh de, VI. account of 18, 184 ; is 
deprived of his fiefs, 185 ; his death, 187. 

Julia de, account of, 187. 

Goumay s of Swathings in Norfolk, 277. 

Goumay, Walter de, account of, 288. 

Wilham de, I. account of, 291. 

Matthew de, accoimt of, 301. 

— Lewis de, account of, 306. 

William de, II. account of, 322. 

John de, I. account of, 327. 

William de. III. account of, 335. 

John de, II. account of, 342 ; his tomb in 

Harpley Church, 345. 

John de, III. account of, 351* 

John de, IV. account of, 356. 

Edmund de, account of, 357 ; his death. 



363. 



John de, V. account of, 374. 
Robert, account of, 382. 
Thomas, I. account of, 385. 
> Thomas, II. account of, 391. 
William, IV. account of, 399 ; his death. 



403. 



William, V. account of, 407. 

Anthony, account of, 414 ; his death, 420. 

Francis, account of, 446. 

Henry, I. account of, 454. 

Thomas, III. account of, 462. 

Edmund, account of, 463. 

Edward, account of, 471 ; his death, 473. 

Henry, II. account of, 485. 

Walter, of Cawston, account of, 493. 

William, of Cawston, account of, 493. 

Richard, Alderman of London, 498. 

Sir Thomas, Sheriff of Essex, account of, 

499. 
Gumeys of Keswick, in Norfolk, 503. 
Gumey, Francis, of London, account of, 524. 
Sir Richard, Bart. Lord Mayor, account 

of, 533. 



INDEX. 



719 



Gurnejs of Bedfordshire, account of, 533. 

Francis, of Maldon, account of, 536. 

— John, of Norwich, account of, 540 ; im- 
prisoned for nonconformity, 542. 
John, of St. Augustine's parish, 551 ; hb 



speech before the House of Lords, 551. 

Joseph, of Keswick, account of, 556. 

John, of Keswick, accoimt of, 562. 



Goumays of Somersetshire, 587. 
Gournay, Nigel de, account of, 598. 

Robert de, I. account of, 598. 

Hawisa de, account of, 600. 

Eva de, account of, 609. 

Robert de, II. account of, 614 ; his death, 

620. 



631. 



• Anselm de, account of, 630 ; his death, 

Sibilla de, her seal, 632. 
John de, of Harptree, account of, 636. 
Robert de, of Overwere, account of, 639. 
Anselm de, " Le Pere," account of, 639. 
Anselm de, " Le Fils," account of, 640. 
Thomas de, of Overwere, account of, 640. 
Thomas de, of Inglishcombe, account of, 

Thomas de, the Regicide, 643 ; his cap- 
ture and death, 647. 
Thomas de, eldest son of the Regicide, 



643. 



668. 



John de, second son of the Regicide, 668. 

George de, third son of the Regicide, 669. 

Matthew de, fourth son. Baron of Guienne, 

670 ; joms the expedition to Portugal, 675 ; his 

death, 679. 
• Hugh de, of Harptree, his descendants, 



686. 



Thomas de, of Harptree, 689. 

■■ Joanna, 692. 
Gregory, St. house in parish of, 394, 540. 
Guader, Ralf, Earl of Norfolk, 77. 



Guilds or Trade Companies, account of, 547. 
Gurney Place, description of, 418. 

Half-year lands, what, 333. 
Hanbury, family of, 573. 
Hardingham, church of, 302. 
Harpley church, account of, 352. 

manor of, 301, 451. 

Harptree, family of, 61 1. 

Havoth, Ralf,his gift to St. Peter's at Jumieges, 57. 
Hays, Earls of Erroll, account of, 574. 
Heralds' visitation of 1633, 524. 

1664,537. 

Herward, family of, 413. 
Heydon, family of, 411. 
de Heylesdon, family of, 380. 
Hildevert, St. church of, at Gournay, 8, 89 ; ac- 
count of, 8 ; his relics detained at Gournay, 51. 
Hospital, Gaunt's, account of, 623, 625. 
Holditche, family of, 452. 
Houghton Regis, a fief of the Goumays, 232. 
Hovell, family of, 481. 
Hugh, son of Eudes, fortifies Gournay, 7, 24. 

Inglishcombe in Somersetshire, manor of, 593. 
castle of, 594. 

Jemingham, family of, 396. 

Kerville, family of, 388. 

Kett, family of, 565. 

Kilmarnock, Earis of, 578. 

Kimberley, church of, given by Hugh de Gournay 

IV. to the priory of Clair Ruisselj 1 18. 
Knight's Fee, origin of, 331. 

Launaye, Robert de, 297. 
Leland's Itinerary, extracts from, 692. 
Lestrange, household accounts, 445, 529. 
family, 409, 450. 



720 



INDEX. 



Letter of 

King John to the Bishop of Winchester, 176. 
Edward III. to Alphonso King of Castille, 
657, 660 ; to the mayor of Burgos, 658, 
661 ; to Sir John de Leynham, 658; to 
Philip III. King of Navarre, 659 ; to the 
mayor of Bayonne, 661. 
A p- Adam, Thomas, 638. 
Anselm to the monks of Bee, 60, 199, 200 ; 
in England, 62; to Basilia Gumey, 61, 
200. 
Bardolf, Hugh, to the Friars Minors of 

Lynn, 190; to Bishop Gundulph, 199. 
Goumay, Justinian, 700. 
Safe conduct for Matthew de Goumay, 684. 
Tregoz, Julian de, to the Bishop of Hereford, 
146. 
Lewes priory, discoveries at in 1845, 253. 
Lewknor, family of, 469. 
Liber Niger, account of, 288. 
Listen, a fief of the Goumays, 1 98. 
Lovell, Viscount, account of his death, 191. 
Lovells, of Barton Bendish, family of, 441. 
Lynn, chamberlain's accounts at, 371, 704. 
hall books, 531. 

Maldon, St. Mary's parish in, 536. 
Manor houses of the English gentry, 280. 
Manufactures of Norwich, account of, 512. 
of calico and cotton, prohibited, 

551. 
Mapledurham, a fief of the Goumays, 212. 
Memorandum respecting the manors of West 

Barsham, &c. 370. 
Middleton, family of, 558. 
Montfort I'Amaury, femily of, 143. 
Montigni sur Andelle, fief of, 293. 

family of, 299. 

Mortemer sur Eaune, battle of, 38. 
Mortimer of Attleborough, family of, 428. 



Newtons or Caradocs, account of, 693. 

Normandy, contests in, temp. Rufus and Curt- 
hose, 65 ; its ancient bounds, 3 ; civil war in 
1118,85. 

Notre Dame, church of, at Goumay, 14. 

Norwich, account of, 506. 

Norris, Anthony, his MS. Collections, 285. 

Paragium, tenure of, 36, 292, 298. 

Parliamentum indoctum, 376. 

Paston Letters, extracts from, 392, 401. 

Patent creating Hugh de Goumay V. sheriff of 

Beds and Bucks, 176. 
Patent Roll, respecting Anselm and Thomas de 
Goumay, 642 ; respecting Richard de Goumay, 
688. 
Paynell, Gaseley, account of, 583. 
Pedigree of 

Baalun, de, 605. 

Barclay of Ury, 569. 

Beaumont, Lord, 192. 

Blennerhasset, 461. 

Boleyn, 416. 

Boyd, Earls of Kilmamock, 581. 

Brandon, 426. 

Buckingham, Earls of, 73. 

Bumham, 310. 

Coucy, Lords of, 127. 

Davie, 488. 

Dampmartin, 179. 

Erroll, Earls of, 579. 

Evreux, Counts of, 73. 

Fitz-Harding, 606. 

Fitz-Ralf, 440. 

Goumay, Lords of, 22. 

Goumays of Norfolk, 286, 317. 

^— — of Somersetshire, 591. 

Gumey, 317. 

Francis, of London, 524 ; descend- 
ants of, 523. 



INDEX. 



721 



Pedigree of 

Gnrney of London, Essex, and Dartmouth, 
498. 

of Bedfordshire, 533. 

of Maldon, 587. 

Sir Richard, Bart. 588. 

■ John, of St- Augustine's parish, de- 

scendants of, 555. 

Hereford, Earls of, 73. 

Heydon, 412. 

Heylesdon, 881. 

Holditche, 452. 

Hovell, 481. 

KervUle, 889. 

Kett, 567. 

Lewknor, 469. 

Lexham, 851. 

Lovel of Barton- Bendish, 442. 

March, Earls of, 73. 

Mellent and Leicester, Earls of, 78. 

Middleton, 560. 

Mortimer of Attleborough, 485. 

of Wigmore, 429. 

Stratbem, Menteith, and Airth, Earls of, 572. 

Stubbs, 451. 

Vermandois, 125. 

Warren and Surrey, Earls of, 78. 

Wauncy, 868. 

William the Conqueror, 73. 
Petition of Eustace de Montigny to Louis IX. 298. 
Pipe Rolls, entries from, 808. 
Plea respecting the manor of Wendover, 174. 

between John de Bolemar and Alice de 

Balesham, 882. 

between William de Swathing and John de 

Goumay, 348. 
Puritanical tendency of some of the Gumeys, 509. 

Quakerism, origin of, 510. 



Richemounte Castle in East Harptree, 617. 
Rollo the Walker, settles in Normandy in 912, 4. 

Sigi, priory of, 82. 

Spelman, Sir H. his MSS. 286. 

History of Sacrilege, 526. 

pedigree of Gurney, 817. 

Sporting in Norfolk, 288. 

Stratbem, Menteith, and Airth, Earls of, 571. 

Stubbs, family of, 449. 

Stuteville, family of, 94. 

Suit between Matthew de Goumay and Gilbert de 

Runhall, 818, 814. 
Swan Marks, account of, 427. 
Swanton, Elizabeth, account of, 544. 

family of, 549. 

Swathings, manor of, 278, 416, 487. 

Talbot, family of, 70. 

Tensamentum, what, 116. 

Tiers et Danger, a tax so called, 298. 

Tournaments forbidden by the Church, 185. 

Trevet, family of, 678. 

Tyrrell, family of, 417. 

Vermandois, family of, 124. 

Walsingham, armorial pedigree at, 321. 

abbey of, 387, 896. 

Warren, William de, 1st Earl of Surrey, 63. 

Editha, marries Gerard de Goumay, 68. 

Gundred de, whether a daughter of the 

Conqueror, 74 ; her monument discovered, 74 ; 

house of, 73. 
Wauncy de, family of, 364. 
Wendover, a fief of the Goumays, 283. 
Wills, registration of, 378. 
Will of 

Goumay, Thomas II. 396. 

5 B 



722 



INDEX. 



WUl of 

Gournay, William IV. 403. 

Anthony, 420. 

Henry I. 466. 

Edward, 474. 

Dorothy, 477. 

Henry II. 486. 

Lovell, Sir Robert, 443. 
Wirmegay castle, account of, 188. 



Writ of 

Edward III. concerning John Maltravers, 667. 

to the sheriffs, concerning Tho* 

mas de Gournay, 669. 
respecting Thomas de Gournay, 



669, 660. 
Richard II. to Matthew de Gournay, 684. 

i Yarmouth church, arms in, 78, 703. 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 



Abbey, Bee, in 1677, 54. 

Byland, 83, 297. 

Langley, 188, 635. 

Barew Court, Somersetshire, 698. 

Castle, Berkeley, 646. 

Beverstone, 615. 

Gisors, 272, 528. 

iDglisbcombe, 585, 594. 

La Haie-du-puits, 575. 

Neufmarch6, 270, 546. 

Ricbemounte, East Harp tree, 617, 696. 

Cbapel, Cui, arcbes in, 267, 323. 

Gaillefontaine, Leproserie, 29. 

Goumay, Leproserie, 260 

St. Mark's. Bristol, 623. 

Montigny, 268, 291. 

Chateau, Normanville, 267, 683. 
Church, Attleborough, porch of, 436, 484. 

Barew Gumey, 699. 

Barsham, West, 490 ; chancel window, 

489; porch, 491. 

Benet Finck, 527. 

Bosbyon, west end, 262 ; east end, 263 ; 



side view, 264, 613. 

Brefmoutier, 261 ; font, 261, 535. 

Dampierre, wooden porch, 260 ; St Peter 



Church, La Ferte, 28. 

Gaillefontaine, 29. 

St. Germer, apse, 273 ; interior of apse, 

274. 

Goumay, St. Hildevert, west end, 8; 

south side, 9 ; capitals, 10, 14, 256, 388, 41 1 ; 
interior view, 12, 289 ; arches, 259, 387. 

Goumay, Notre Dame, 15. 

Hardingbam, 302 ; piscina and sedilia, 

302, 550. 
Harpley, 352; font, 302, 354; south 

porch, 352, 468; entrance door, 353, 453; 

frieze on south aisle, 354 ; roof, figure in, 355, 

384, 564 ; south side of chancel, 356, 466. 

Inglishcombe, arches in, 595. 

Keswick, Front, to Part III. 

Neufmarcb§, 271 ; interior view, 272. 

Sigi, 269. 

• Wootton, South, font in, 328. 



in Vinculis, 265 ; arches under the tower, 265. 



Cists of Earl Warren and Gundred his wife, 

253. 
Citadel, Haute Ville, Boulogne, 177, 603. 
Crests of the Gumeys, 284, 384, 390, 400. 
Cross at Cui, 266, 346. 

Effigies of Robert de Goumay and Maurice de 
Gaunt, 586, 620. 

Figure of Sibilla de Goumay, 586, 632. 



724 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 



Goumay, Hugh, from Bayeux tapestry, 1. 
Gournay, Hugh, V. from his seal, 129, 826. 

■ view of, from Ernemont, 255. 
Porte de Paris, at, 259. 

Hall, West Barsham, 275, 490. 

Great Ellingham, 422, 428, 480, 487. 

Irstead, 446. 

Keswick, old, 501 ; south side, 562 ; west 

side, 563. 
House, ancient, from Bayeux tapestry, 280. 
in St. Gregory's parish, Norwich, 394, 

540. 

of Francis Gumey, of Maldon, 536. 

of a Gumey of Maldon, 538. 

Letter of Robert de Goumay, 614. 

Map of Norwich previous to the Dissolution, 506 ; 
A.D. 1577, 540. 

of Pays de Bray, 4. 

of Venta Icenorum, 506. 

Mont Sauveur, Argueil, 269, 294. 
Monument of 

Fitz-Ralf, 439. 

Heleysdon, 881. 

Sir John Newton at East Harptree, 694. 

Sir Thomas Newton in Bristol Cathedral, 694. 

Plan of the market place, Norwich, 548. 
Portrait of Clotilde Cozette, 268. 

of John Gumey, of St. Augustine's parish, 

558. 



Portrait of Joseph Gumey, of Keswick, 556. 
Portrait of Hannah Middleton, wife of Joseph 
Gumey, 558. 

Seal of 

Bardolf, 192. 

Bardolf, John, 192. 

Bardolf, Lord of Wirm^ay, 192, 193, 334. 

Gournai, Sibilla de, 633 
I Goumay, Hugh, V. 135, 160, 161. 

Sir Matthew de, 591, 682. 

Ingoldesthorpe, Thomas, 342. 

Kerville, Thomas, 889. 

Lovell, John, 442. 

Mortimer, Constantine, 433. 

Robert, 433. 

Shrine of St. Thomas of Cantelupe, 182, 687. 
Sigi, view of, 270. 
Statue of 

Robert Le Bourguinon, 123. 

St. Hildevert,l 1,256. 

St Norbert, 155. 
Swan-mark of the Gumeys, 427. 

Tomb of 

Lord Bardolf and Joan his wife, 191, 379. 

Edward Goumay, 473. 

Gundred daughter of William I. 74. 

John de Gumey, 344. 

William de Gumey, 408. 

Wrestling, from Stratt's ** Sports and Pastimes,** 
401. 



London : J. B. Nichols and Son, Printen, 25,. Parliament Street. 






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