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Full text of "The record interpreter: a collection of abbreviations"

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Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2011 with funding from 

University of Toronto 



http://www.archive.org/details/recordinterpretOOmart 



THE RECORD INTERPRETER. 



THE 



RECORD INTERPRETER: 



A COLLECTION OF 



ABBREVIATIONS, LATIN WORDS AND NAMES 



USED IN 



ENGLISH HISTORICAL MANUSCRIPTS 
AND RECORDS. 



COMPILED BY 

CHARLES TRICE MARTIN, B.A., F.S.A., 

LATE A8SI8TANT-KEEPEB OF THE PUBLIC BECOBD8. 



SECOND EDITION. 



LONDON : 

STEVENS AND SONS, LIMITED, 
119 & 120, CHANCEEY LANE, 

gafo Uubliaftm. 
1910. 




FEB - 3 1948 



PREFACE. 



The present volume is really an amplification of the Appendix 
to the niuth edition of Wright's '* Court Hand Restored," 
which I brought out in 1879, with the addition of a list of the 
abbreviated forms of Latin and French words used in English 
records and manuscripts. 

Several such lists have been published at various times, the 
most used, perhaps, in England being Chassant's " Dictionnaire 
des Abreviations," and the list in the fourth volume of the 
" Begistrum Palatinum Dunelmense," edited by the late Sir 
Thomas Duffus Hardy in the series of " Chronicles and 
Memorial s." 

This latter, however, being merely a portion of the preface of 
a historical book, is not so well known nor so convenient for use 
as if it occurred in a book devoted to information of this class. 

I have endeavoured also to justify the printing of another 
such list by arranging the abbreviations in suoh a manner as to 
facilitate the finding the word wanted. In some lists this is not 
easy, unless one knows what the word is in full. 

The principle acted on has been as follows : — Letters with 
marks of contraction attaohed to them, represented by a single 
type, are separated from the same letters printed in the ordinary 



vi Preface. 

way. The order thus is — the letter followed by a letter ; the 
letter followed by a sign ; the letter with a sign attached. 
For instance, in the vowels the order is as follows : — 

e.g., E : ea, eb, ec, to ez ; 
then — e3, ef , e 9 , e? ;* 
then — e, e. 

In the consonants, e.g., N : na to nz ; 
then — n3, n£, n 9 , n? ; 
then — n, n, S. 

In the letter C, c, follows c'. 

In the letter P, the order of contracted forms is p 9 , p, p, p, p. 

In the letter Q, : q, q, q^. 

Superior letters — that is, letters printed above the line— are 
considered in the arrangement as if printed on the line in the 
ordinary way. 

In manuscripts such letters often have contraction marks 
added to them, but it is impossible to represent these in type, and 
an apostrophe has had to do duty instead, as prin 1 ', principalis. 
In a manuscript the / would be struck through. 

According to the correct principles of writing, the mark of 
contraction in a word should be placed over a letter after which 
letters are omitted, or over a letter before and after which 
letters are omitted, as pr, pater ; dna, domina ; fct, fecit ; appllat, 

* These marks of contraction, being separate types, are arranged 
before those which are attached to the letter, in order to keep such 
forms as cf°3, deb3, g 9 , mo?, P3, 80I3, su 9 , t3 distinct from cj)fo3, 
deb3, g 9 , mo?, p3, 80I3, su 9 , I3. 



Preface. vii 

appellat; but such forms as pr, diia, fct, appttat, sometimes 
occur, perhaps from carelessness on the part of the scribe. Some 
of these false forms are inserted, but by no means all, so that if 
any word occurring in a manuscript is not at once found in the 
list, it should be looked for under some other form containing 
the same letters of the alphabet, but with different contractions. 
The marks of contraction used in printing are intended to 
represent the typical forms of the contractions used in manu- 
scripts, and necessarily appear more formal and uniform than 
those which may vary with the caprice or carelessness of a 
scribe. 

Their signification is as follows : — 

- means m or n following the letter thus marked ; e.g. I, in ; 
onis, omnia ; oinis, omnis ; dapna, dampna ; dampa, dampna. 

m either over a short letter or through a long letter means 
the omission of some single letter not m or n, or of more 
than one letter either after, or before and after, the letter 
thus marked. 

e.g., a, ac, apud ; as, alias. 

dhs, do minus ; caria, carmina ; fcis, factis. 
ipe, ipse. 
poita, posita. 

^ means er ; e.g., in?, inter ; {'T\\,ferrum. 

re; e.g., f), prce. 

9 
ir ; e.g., seme, xervire. 

\W 



viii Preface. 

£ means is ; e.g., for£, foris. 

es ; e.g., om£, omnes ; cit£, competentes. 

Or sometimes merely the ending of a word ; je.g., 
inf£, infortunium. 

„ us ; e.g., ipi 9 , ipsius ; us 9 , versus. 

os ; e.g., p 5 tea, podea. 

ost ; e.g., p £ , post. 

3 „ us ; e.g., quib3, # w ^ w *'- 

et ; e.g., HC3, fetf. 

ed ; e.g., S3, 5^. 

Added to q it means quia, and sometimes que, or 

qua, though these last two words are more 

correctly written c^. 
Occasionally it stands for que, as abs3, absque, and 

in some MSS. for m or almost any fiDal letters ; 

as D03, bonitatem ; err°3, err or em. 

$ „ rum ; e.g., aia$, animarum ; bato$, beatorum. It is 
sometimes used in the middle of a word, as 
compere, corrumpere. 

ram ; e.g., Alienor, Alienoram. 

ras ; e.g., lib?, libras. 

res ; e.g., Windeso?, Windesores. 

ris ; e.g., conquesto?, conquestoris ; lib?, Ubris. 

9 „ cum ; e.g., 9, cum. 

com; e.g., 9J>, computus. 

con; e.g., 9% contra. 

cog; e.g., cnouit, cognovit. 

The marks attached to the letter P are as follows : — 

p, per, par, por ; e.g., psoa, persona ; cpet, comparet ; pta, porta. 
j}, prce, pre ; e.g., $ses, prwsem ; supmus, supremm. 



Preface. ix 

p, pro ; e.g., pceres, proceres ; Ipp'e, imp roprie. 

p indicates the omission of almost any other letters than those 

mentioned above; e.g., pea, postea ; pa, poena; pcta, 

puncta ; ppa, papa. 

The marks attached to the letter Q are as follows : — 

q, usually quod, but also used for quce, quam, que, quo, and 
followed by other letters qui, as qd, quid ; qb3, quibus. 

cj, guts, que, quern, and as part of a word it has very various 
meanings, as qela, querela ; qntum, quantum ; qone, 
qu&stione ; qppe, quippe. 

q., means que. 

q3 „ quia. 

A superior letter indicates the omission of two or more letters 
of which this is one; e.q., q°s, quos ; c^lo, cireulo ; cap 1 , capituli. 

A point below a letter indicates that it should be deleted, and 
points under or inverted commas over two words indicate that 
they ought to be transposed ; e.g., et " p thro " it, et item pro 
thesauro. 

Many words will be found in this list which do not conform 
to the principles here stated, but they have been found in MSS., 
and inserted accordingly. 

As a rule the nominative case of nouns or adjectives is given 
as the meaning, as ft, filius ; and sometimes the case most 
frequently met with, as fr, Francorum ; but this does not exclude 
other cases as well. 

The glossary does not pretend, as no glossary can, to take 
the place of a dictionary, where the meanings of words are 
discussed, and quotations given to explain their use ; but still it 



x Preface. 

is hoped that it will be found useful, although the information 
contained in it is given in a rather abrupt form. 

This second edition contains a number of words not included 
in the first, which have been noticed since that edition was 
printed. 

Many words have been found in printed editions of records 
and other MSS., where I have been unable to consult the 
originals, and though the meaning of the word may be clear, it 
does not follow that the spelling is correct ; in fact, in many 
cases I feel certain that the editor has made a mistake in 
copying, though I cannot suggest the right reading with any 
certainty. 

In the case of words used in classical as well as mediseval 
literature, the classical meaning is not usually given, as it may 
be assumed that any one using this book would know it. It 
must not, however, be taken as excluded. For instance, galea is 
inserted as meaning " galley," but it is also used with the older 
meaning of " helmet." Similarly ala means " wing " as 
often as " aisle." It will be noticed that sometimes the mean- 
ings given lor Latin words are almost inconsistent, but it must 
be remembered that the period covered by the glossary is several 
centuries. Words already current were used for new inventions, 
especially when what they once signified had become obsolete. 

The list of Latin names of places in England contains most 
of the names which a student of history is likely to require, but 
of course it might be very much enlarged by adding the Latin 
names of a great many villages and hamlets which are merely 
formed from the English names. 



Preface. xi 

No attempt has been made here to settle the disputed attribu- 
tion of Roman stations, but rather to give the places for which 
their names have been used in later times. 

Many of the place names and surnames have been found in 
classes of records which contain documents in both languages 
referring to the same case, like the Chancery Proceedings, in 
which bills and answers are in English and writs in Latin. 
Some of the Latin names in these are due to the ingenuity of 
officials or clerks, who inserted what they imagined to be a 
translation of an English word, of the history and meaning of 
which they were totally ignorant — such as Ventm Morbidus for 
Windsor, and de Umbrosa Querca for Dimock. Latin inscriptions 
on brasses, tombstones, and other monuments, many of the 
sixteenth and later centuries, have afforded many very curious 
specimens, the English names being supplied by other sources 
of information. 

It is worth noticing how many surnames " assimilate a ver- 
nacular origin," to use a phrase of which my honoured school- 
master, Thomas Hewitt Key, was very fond. For instance, 
names ending in Latin in villa and in French in ville, are often 
found in later English with the termination field or wet!, as de 
Strata villa, Streatfield ; de Berevilla, Berewell. Similarly, 
Lotharingus, Le Loreyne, becomes in the course of time Lorriner, 
or Lorimer, the English equivalent of Lorimarim, a harness 
maker. Other cases are Longfellow and Littleboy, whose 
ancestors were Longueville and Lillebois. 

Many surnames taken from the places where their owners 



xii Preface. 

lived, are not included in the list of surnames, but will be found 
among the list of places. 

In the list of Christian names there are several blanks in the 
second column. These are opposite to Latin names which I 
inserted in my list, hoping some day to find them in English, 
but that day has not yet come ; so, confessing my ignorance, I 
leave the blanks for some more learned or more fortunate person 
than myself to fill up. 

There is another matter of which there is no mention in the 
first edition, but an explanation may be of some use to those 
who are not already familiar with it. 

In accounts of the period when Roman numerals were used, 
an arrangement of dots is often found in the margin, of which 
the following is a specimen : — 



These were apparently put down while the accountant was 
making a calculation, and afterwards the amount which they 
represent, inserted in the proper place in Roman numerals. 
Their meaning is as follows : 

The perpendicular lines mark the division into pounds, 
shillings and pence. 

Dots on the line count as units. 

Dots below the line count as units. 

Dots above the line on the left hand side in the pound and 
shilling columns, count for 10. 

Dots above the line on the right hand side in the pound and 
shilling columns, count for 5. 



Preface, 



xm 



Dots above the line on the left hand side in the pence column 
count for 6. 

A fourth cclumn stands for farthings. 

These are examples from accounts dated between 1530 and 
1540 :— 



• • • 



= 1/. 10s. 



= 14/. 6s. U. 



= 21. 4s. Sd. 




= 11. 16s. 4J</. 



= 21. 9s. 2d. 



= 21. 9s. Id. 




__ 11. 5s. 9c/. 



= 11. 8s. Id. 



= 1/. 7s. 2d. 



C. T. M. 



April, 1910. 



( *v ) 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



PAGE 

ABBREVIATIONS OF LATIN WORDS USED IN ENGLISH 

RECORDS ------- l 

ABBREVIATIONS OF FRENCH WORDS USED IN ENGLISH 

RECORDS - - - - ' - - - 164 

GLOSSARY OF LATIN WORDS FOUND IN RECORDS AND 
OTHER ENGLISH MANUSCRIPTS, BUT NOT OCCUR- 
RING IN CLASSICAL AUTHORS - - - -177 

LATIN NAMES OF PLACES IN GREAT BRITAIN AND 

IRELAND - - - - - - - 345 

LATIN NAMES OF BISHOPRICS IN ENGLAND - - 423 

LATIN NAMES OF BISHOPRICS IN SCOTLAND - - 424 

LATIN NAMES OF BISHOPRICS IN IRELAND - - 425 

LATIN FORMS OF ENGLISH SURNAMES - - - 429 

LATIN CHRISTIAN NAMES WITH THEIR ENGLISH 

EQUIVALENTS 451 



THE RECORD INTERPRETER. 



A LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS OF LATIN WORDS. 



A. 



A. Alarms, Albertus, Augustinus 


abbi abbati. 


and other Christian 


names 


abbia abbatia. 


beginning with A ; 


quin- 


abbi a abbatissa. 


genu. 




abbisse abbatissa?. 


a. ad, alta. 




abbs abbas. 


a a alia, aliqua, anima, antiphona. 


abbte abbatem. 


a a m aliam, aliquam, anima m. 


abbtf abbatis. 


a a ndo aliquando. 




ab c '° ablatio. 


a as alias, animas. 




abdux abduxerunt. 


a a 3 aliam. 




abi abinvicem. 


a a j& aliarum, aliquarum, 


anima- 


abla ablatio. 


rum. 




ablat ablatores. 


a a aliam. 




abta ablegatio. 


abb a m abbatem. 




abto ablatio, absolutio. 


abb a s abbates, abbatis. 




abtom ablationem, absolutionem 


abbatib) abbatibus. 




ab ne absolutione. 


abbassa abbatissa. 




abnep abnepos. 


abb is abbatis. 




abn abnepos. 


abbta abbatissa. 




ab° absolutio. 


abbut abbuttant, abbuttantes. 


absoio absolutio. 


abb abbas. 




absty absque. 


abba abbatissa. 




absti a abstinentia. 


abbe abbate, abbatissce,. 




abst abstractio. 


abbes abbates. 




abst* abstulit. 



M. 



B 



The Record Interpreter. 



abst abstr actum. 

abs3 absque. 

ab ta abstracta. 

ab te absolute. 

ab t9 absolutus. 

abbis ahbatis. 

abto absolutio. 

abn a absentia. 

abnciu absentium. 

abne absolutions. 

abnia absentia. 

abte abbatem. 

A. C. ^4mmo Christi. 

a ca aliqua. 

ac a #£r«. 

ac as tfcras. 

ac a x acrarum. 

acc a accidentia. 

acc aies accidentales. 

acc a t accidentalis. 

accepim 9 acceperimus. 

accep accepit. 

acc e scit accrescit. 

acc e ut acceperunt. 

accede accendere. 

acci b 3 accidentibus. 

accid do accidendo. 

acci do accidendo, accipiendo. 

accipe accipere. 

accip accipere, accipit. 

acci 1 ' accide nta liter y accipitur. 

acci s accidens. 



accfi accidentia. 

acc oe actione. 

accomodat accommodation . 

accomodau accommodavit. 

acc 9 are accusare. 

ace accipe. 

acca accidentia. 

aceat accusal. 

aceat r accusatur. 

acedn lis accidentalis. 

acce accipere. 

accit accidit. 

acc m accensum, accusativum. 

accma acerrima. 

acen a accidentia. 

accn 1 ' 1 ' accident alitcr, 

acens accidens. 

acente accidente. 

acen tis accidentalis. 

accnt r accidenta liter. 

acco accusatio, actio. 

aceoi b 3 aecusationibus, actionibm. 

aceom actionem. 

a ci alicui. 

ac is tfms. 

ac m actum. 

a co aliquo. 

ac° ffc^o. 

aoq^etare acquietare. 

acq'etacia acquiet antra . 

acq're acquircre. 

acq itu acquisitum. 



Latin Abbreviations. 



3 



acq 1 ' acquiretur, acquiritur. 


adduxat adduxerat. 


acr acr a. 


adduxut adduxerunt. 


ac s accidens, acr as. 


addo addendo, additio. 


acti*' activitatis. 


addr additur. 


act m actum. 


add3 adder et. 


act r actualiter. 


adee adesse. 


actu r actualiter. 


adee adessem, adessent. 


act ac£/o, actum. 


adh c adhuc. 


acta activa. 


adn adhuc. 


acte actione. 


adtlendo adhwrendo, adhibendo. 


actm activum. 


adtinda adhibenda. 


actoib) actionibus. 


adtint adhibent. 


ac ua activa. 


adnr adhibetur. 


ac u9 activus. 


adtire adhibere. 


ace accipere. 


adiac adjacens, ad/jacet. 


ac lis accidcntaUs. 


adiudic adjudicature adjudicatm 


acm acr am. 


adiu te ad/uvante. 


acns accident. 


adiuice adinviccm. 


ac° #cta>. 


adi adinvicem. 


ac oe actionem. 


a. d. k. <mfe dfelgyw kalendarum. 


acs tfcrtfs. 


admistrom adminktrationem . 


acu #c£w. 


adm administrantc, adminis- 


acu 9 acervus. 


tratio. 


A. D. ^4«wo Domini, ante diem. 


adms r at 9 admensuratus. 


a d aliquid, aliquod, aliud. 


adnep adnepos. 


ad at advocat. 


adn^t 1 " adnihilatur. 


ad c adhuc. 


adn 1 } adnihilet. 


ad cat advocat. 


adolend adolendum. 


addico additio. 


| adop 9 adoptivus. 


additafntu additamcntnm. 


adq*etare adquietare. 


addi tu additamenlum. 


adq J et adquietatio. 


addit additionem. 


adq i re adquirere. 




b2 



The Record Interpreter. 



adq^ico adquisitio. 
adq*ta adquisita. 
adq 9 adquisitus. 
adqetaco adquictatio. 
adqsiuit adquisivit. 
A. D. R. Anno Dominica* Re- 
surrection is. 
ad ta administrate 
ad te animadvertc. 
ad 1 '* administratura. 
aduocaco advocatio. 
aduocat 9 advocatus. 
aduocau advocavit. 
aduoco advocatio. 
aduo tus advocatus. 
adu adventum, advocatio. 
adu d> advertemtum. 
adusa* adversarii. 
ad3si te adversitate. 
adSsit adversitatem. 
adiiso adverso. 
adus 9 adversus. 
adu?e adverterc. 
adlaco adulatio. 
adstrand administrandum. 
adt #flW, adesset. 
adtor administrator. 
a c #/mp. 
A. E. C. ^4>*tfo Emmanuelis 

Christi. 
aeecta ecclcsia. 
aecotsiola ecclesiola. 



aecta eccksia. 

aed rpflfcs. 

a e m aliquem. 

aff a affirmativa. 

aifcm affectum. 

affco affectio. 

aff: 1 affidavit. 

affidaii affidavit. 

affid affidare, affidavit. 

afFmat affirmation. 

affirH* affirmatur. 

aff iva affirmativa. 

aff° affirmatio. 

affra affirmativa. 

aff* affidavit. 

aff 9 affirmatas. 

af f affidavit, and other parts of 

the verb. 
aff affcratores. 
afid affidavit. 
aft affidavit. 
ag d ' agendum. 
agd agendum. 
ag e g*a aggregata. 
ag e m aggregatam. 
agg ari aggravari. 
agg a t£ aggravatis. 
agg a 3 aggravet. 
agg c di aggredi. 
agg'tu aggrcgatum. 
ag* ##n. 
ag m agrum. 



La tin A bbrevia tions. 



agnielm agniculum. 


a*q aliquod. 


agn Agnes, a gnus. 


a J q a aliquam. 


ag° agro. 


a J q a r aliqualiter. 


ag os agros. 


a x qa aliquam. 


ag°sce agnoscere. 


a'q aliquam. 


ag r agitur. 


a J qdo aliquando. 


ag agit, agistatos. 


a*s aliquis, acris. 


agd agendum. 


a ls animalis, assists. 


agdr aggreditur. 


aisnec aisnecca. 


agm agrum. 


aia anima. 


agnd agendis, agendum. 


aiadutend animadvert endum. 


ags flares, Augustus. 


aiat animal, and its cases. 


Agsti Augusti. 


aia& animarum. 


agt agunt. 


aie animce. 


ag tos aggravates. 


aii animi. 


agdr aggreditur. 


aim animum. 


age agere. 


aio animo. 


agg a u aggregatum. 


ais «/m.s, animis. 


an archiepiscopi. 


ai 9 animus. 


a 1 ff/^?, alicui, aliqui. 


a. k. «w^' kalendas. 


a*a anima. 


a 1 animal. 


a ! c a aliqua. 


Alan Alanus. 


aW alicui. 


Alb Albertus. 


a^ 9 alicujus. 


al d a/mrf. 


a'd aliquid, aliud. 


aid aldermannus. 


a" #/«Y. 


aldm aldermannus. 


a'm animum. 


aldran aldermannus. 


a'q^ aliquas. 


Alex Alexander. 


a*q a ten 9 aliquatenus. 


al* a/^i. 


a^q 1 aliqui. 


alio 1 alicui. 


a'q^d aliquid. 


alicui 9 alicujus. 


a^s aliquis. 


alic alicui. 



The Record Interpreter. 



alin aliquando. 

alio^ aliorum. 

aliq a aliqua. 

aliq a m aliquam. 

aliq a r aliqualiter. 

aliq a s aliquas. 

aliq a tlo aliqnantulo. 

aliq^d aliquid. 

aliq° aliquo. 

aliq°c aliquotiens. 

aliq 1 ' aliqualiter 

aliq tr aliqualiter. 

aliqua aliquam. 

aliqa aliqua. 

aliq 1 aliquid. 

aliq aliqua, aliquod. 

aliqd aliquid, aliquod. 

aliqn alioquin, aliquando. 

a lis annualis. 

alit 1 ' aliter. 

alit aliter. 

alib3 animalibus. 

all a o allegatio. 

alle a t r allegatur. 

alloc allecis. 

alle d ' allegandum. 

allegac allegationem. 

Allex r Alexander. 

allocaco allocatio. 

allocet 1 ' allocetur. 

allocuco allocutio. 

alloc allocatio, allocutio. 



all allegator, allegatur, allegoria. 

altnt allegant. 

allta allegata. 

aim 2 alrnus. 

amos alienos. 

a ] q aliquo. 

alqr aliqualiter. 

alti e altitudine. 

alti c altitudine m. 

alta 1 ' alter at ur. 

alto alteratio. 

alt tf/fer. 

alta altera. 

al?ais alterations. 

al?i 9 alterius. 

altra alterum. 

alt} alterum. 

alms aluminis. 

Alued Alveredus. 

at al£a«, aliquis, alius. 

ala afe 

alas «//«6*. 

aid a/e'ttrf. 

ale animate. 

ati a/tfa*. 

alia animalia. 

alih} animalibus. 

all allegator, allegoria. 

alia alleluia. 

allauit allegavit. 

alio allegatio. 

aim animalium. 



Latin Abbreviations. 



atnes altitudines. 
atn aliquando. 
ato alio, aliquo. 
atq°° aliquo modo. 
atr aliter. 
ats alias. 
att r aliter. 

a m a Hum, animum, atn mm, argu- 
ment um. 
a.m. ttwwo mundi. 
am amodo. 
arno 1 amovetur. 
amou amoverunt. 
amoue amovere. 
amouut amoverunt. 
amp 9 amplius. 
am s amictus, amicus. 
am^ amittendum. 
am amen, amicus. 
amat animalia. 
amciam amerciament am. 
amtare amuntare. 
amciam amerciameu turn. 
amciad 9 amerciandus. 
an. rmte, antecessors. 
a n awfe. 

an a antea, antiphona. 
ana a anatomia. 
anatnm anathema. 
anc 0*1 tecessoris . 

And Anaegavia?, Andegavenses, 
Andegavorum. 



Ang ce Any lice. 

ang lllar ' anguillarum. 

Anglor Anglorum. 

ang 19 angelus: 

Angt Aug Ha. 

Angtr Anglorum. 

anglo$ angelorum. 

angt angelis. 

angt$ angelorum. 

an L at r annihilatur. 

an lls annua lis. 

an 1 a angelum, ang alum. 

anto annulo. 

ann. annus. 

ann°e annonie. 

annuer anuuerunt. 

anil annuatim, annus*. 

anq a antequam. 

ant a antiphona. 

antec antecedens, antecessor 

antedcus ant edict us. 

anteq a m antequam. 

anteq* antequam. 

anteq antequam. 

antiq^t 9 antiquitus. 

an ti9 antiquitus. 

ant te antecedente. 

antf antecedent is. 

ant ^mfc, antecessor. 

ant? antecedenter. 

anjj antecessor um. 

aiiuu annuum. 



8 



The Record Interpreter. 



an animalia, annus, ante, ante- 
cessor, annon. 
ana animalia, antea. 
ancesso^ antecessorum. 
ancess antecessor. 
aric antecessor. 
andcus antedictus. 
anfe 1 ' antefertur. 
aiiia animalia. 
aillo annulo. 
an 1 ' angelis. 
ano a analogia. 
anptta antepenult ima. 
aiiq a m antequam. 
anq a ' antequam. 
anrior anterior. 
ans antecedens. 
ante antecedents. 
ant antecedenter. 
a° tf/so, rt/eo worfo, aliquo, anno. 
a°d aliquod. 
a°° fl#o modo. 
a 0B «//o6'. 
a°t aliquot. 
&°$ aliorum. 
ap a «/?£«. 
ap ca apostolica. 
ap d #/?Md. 
apellaco appellatio. 
ap is appellationis. 
ap u apostoli. 
ap lus apostolus. 



apt aprilis. 

apft appellavit, appulit. 

apffaco appellatio. 

apffat appellat. 

apffat 9 appellatus. 

apfti appellari. 

apttm appellum. 

apt^ apostolorum. 

ap num appellationum. 

apo a apostema. 

a pone appositione, appellatio ne. 

apostts apostolus. 

apo 9 apostolus. 

app a t appellat. 

app di appellandi. 

app d ' appellandum. 

appelto appellatio. 

appel appellatur. 

apped} appendet. 

appesu appensum. 

appftator appellator. 

apptoe appellatione. 

app ne appellationem. 

app mb 3 appellationibus. 

appiisii appensum. 

app° appellatio. 

a pponem appellationem. 

app°nes appellationes. 

apponle apponere. 

appo r apponitur. 

apposuer apposuerunt. 

app r appellatur. 



Latin Abbreviations. 



app re appellare. 

app 1 appellat, apprehendit. 

app rr appellator, apprehenditur. 

appat apparent. 

appat? apparatus. 

app a apparentiam . 

appat appareant. 

appen a apparentia. 

appet apparet. 

appicioi apparitioni. 

appn a apparentia. 

appns apparent. 

appnti apparenti. 

apptad apportandum. 

app3 apparet, apparent. 

app appelli, appenditiis. 

appciat appreeiat. 

applat r appellator. 

appllat appellat. 

appllois appellationis. 

appltm appellum. 

appltois appellationis. 

appm appositionem. 

appne appellatione. 

appoem appositionem. 

appui apposui. 

app3 apparent, apparet, appendet. 

appciare appretiare. 

appciat appretiatum. 

appfiii b 3 apprehensionibus. 

appis apprehensis. 

app tr apprehenditur. 



appa oe appropriaiione. 
appbad approbandum. 
appbtum approbation. 
app*at appropriate 
app*ati approptriatim. 
apppiq a t appropinquat. 
appxi a t approximat. 
appxlat approximat. 
Apr Aprilis. 
ap t apud. 
ap tc ' apostolicis. 
apti e aptitudine. 
apti ne aptitudinem. 
ap 9 apostolus. 
ap? apostolorum. 
apire aperire. 
aptu apertum. 
ap apud, apostolicus. 
apa apostema. 
apca apostolica. 
apd apud. 
aplau appellavit. 
apli apostoli, apostyli. 
aplica apostolica. 
apllaco appellatio. 
apllat 9 appellatus. 
aplos apostolos, apostylos. 
aplo$ apostolorum. 
apl 9 apostolicus, apostolus. 
apt apostolicum, Aprilis. 
app 9 appensus. 
aps apostolus. 



10 



The Record Interpreter. 



app'atu appropriatum. 

aq a aqua. 

aq a $ aquarum. 

aq a aquam. 

aq e aquce. 

aq's aquis. 

aqua aquam. 

aq a aquam. 

aq #^tf, «</w<#. 

aqm aquam. 

a 1 ' aliter, aryuitar. 

ar at aryuat. 

arbat arbalistarius. 

arbo£ arborum. 

arfrr arbiter. 

archid archidiaconus. 

archidatus archidiaconatus. 

archidis archidiaconis. 

archiepus archiepiscopus. 

archi ni archidiaconi, 

archio archidiacono. 

archipo archiepiscopo. 

arch archidiaconus, archiepis- 

copus. 
archd archidiaconus. 
archi archiepiscopi. 
arcti ni archidiaconi. 
arctio archiepiscopo. 
arctionis archidiaconis. 
arctipo archiepiscopo. 
arctis archiepiscopus. 
arch us archiepiscopus. 



arcub3 ar< ' u bus. 

arc arcus, and its cases, archi- 
diaconus. 

arceps archiepiscopus. 

arded ardendum. 

ard archidiaconus. 

ard n ' archidiacouum. 

arestaco arestatio. 

arestaunt arestaveruut. 

arest arestaveruut. 

arg 1 aryenti, aryumenti. 

arg m aryumentum. 

argn aryenti. 

ar gta aryumenta. 

arg 1 ' aryumentum. 

argu b 3 aryumentalibus, aryu- 
mentationibus. 

argu m aryumentum. 

arg aryentum, and its cases. 

argi aryenti. 

argutum aryentum. 

argnt aryenti. 

ar^dii archidiaconi. 

ar*dn 9 archidiaconus. 

ar" arbitrii. 

ar io arbitrio. 

aripii arripuit. 

ar iu S articulus. 

ar m arbitrium, aryumentum. 

armatur armaturas. 

armig armiyer. 



ar 



jiturn 



aryumentum. 



Latin Abbreviations. 



11 



ar nus archidiacouas. 


argo armigero. 


ar n ' argu mentu m . 


arlus articulus. 


ar° arbitrio, arguo. 


arpbro^ arc/? ipresbi/terorum . 


ar oe argumentatioue. 


ai ;tu argument urn. 


arpend arpendium. 


as. assisa. 


arp arpendium. 


a s «/*#*, #/«&, antecedents. 


ar r argumentatur. 


a. s. apostolice sedis. 


arr a arreragia. 


ascens ascensionis. 


arrain arrainiavit. 


asce on 3 ascensionem. 


arrentat arrentatis. 


asiri asinu#, and its cases. 


arrip arripuit. 


as. mor. an. assisa mortis ante- 


arr arrabilu, arreragia. 


cessor is. 


ars H arsura. 


as. no. dis. assisa nonce disseisinie. 


ar l arguit. 


asp c t 9 aspectus. 


ar ta argumenta. 


asptare asportare. 


ar 11 argumenti. 


asptaunt asportaverunt. 


arti b 3 artificialibus. 


aspcs aspectus. 


articlo articulo. 


ass a assisa. 


arti 1 ' articulis. 


ass a tus assignatus. 


ar to argumento. 


assc^bi adscribi. 


art x art if ex. 


ass 6 assises. 


ar 1 ' articulis. 


assen s ascension is . 


art clis articulis. 


asses assessor. 


ar um arbitrium. 


assed #$86ft tiendum . 


ar ani£, a rant, ar antes, arabant, 


assid assedendum, assidendum. 


arabatur, aratum, aratura, 


assie assisie. 


arvum, articulo*. 


assig aS> assignamus. 


ard m archidiaconi. 


assignatur assignabitur. 


ard archidiaconus, and its cases. 


assig n9 assignamus. 


af d n ' a rc/> idiacon urn . 


assign assignation. 


ai : ep 9 archiepiscopus. 


assilat 1 " assimilatur. 


argo armigero. 


assi's assisa, and its cases. 



12 



The Record Interpreter. 



assias assisas. 

assia& assisarum. 

ass m assartum. 

ass assentio. 

assoc associatis. 

ass 1 ' assentitur. 

ass ta assignata. 

ass u assensu. 

assupcoe assumptionem. 

ass 9 assensus. 

ass assisa, and its cases, assessor. 

ass de m anc a#*tsa ate morte 

antecessoris. 
ass de n dis aggisa «fe notw dis- 

seisina. 
ass n. d. c. assisa nove disseisine 

capienda. 
assa assisa. 
assdefct 1 ' assedebatur. 
assit asserit. 
assnsu assensu. 
assp m assumptum. 
ass re assentire. 
asst adsunt. 
assu assensu. 
assor assessor. 
a* #w£. 
a ta animata. 

atacn attachietur, attachientur, 
attachiandum, attachi amentum . 
atactii attachiam en ti. 
athacciet attachientur. 



attri attachiari. 

a tim annuatim. 

at n attamen. 

atq. atque. 

att a ccom attractionem. 

attacfi attachietur, attachientur, 
attach iandum, attach iamentum . 

attactii attachiamenti. 

attam attamen. 

att ib ' r attribuitur. 

att 10e attributione. 

attige attingere. 

att m attraction, attributione m. 

att n attamen. 

attorn attomatus, and its cases, 
aitornavit, and other parts 
of the verb attornare. 

att r attribuitur. 

att attomatus, and its cases. 

att a tiet r attraheretur. 

attndd attendendum. 

attiare atterminare. 

attmlat atterminata. 

a tu argumentum. 

atj atque. 

a 1 ' aliter. 

at autem. 

atci? atrociter. 

ats tfc^ws. 

A.V. <mwo.s' vml. 

aubgellu aubergellum. 

auc a s auctoritas. 



Latin Abbreviations. 



13 



auc re auctore. 

auc te auctoritate. 

auc* 1 auctontati. 

aucto a te auctoritate. 

aucte auctoritate. 

aud do audiendo. 

audied audiendum. 

audit ri audituri. 

audit rus auditurus. 

auditing audituris. 

audiu audi v it. 

aud r auditur. 

aud audiat, audiendum, audit, 

audituris. 
audia audientia. 
a ue affirmative. 
auer averia. 
aufer auferre, aufert. 
Aug. Augustus, Augustinus. 
augm augmentatio. 
aU g5is augmentationis. 
aug*' augmentum. 
Aug 9 Augustus. 
Aug 9 t 9 Augustus. 
Aug Augustus, Augustinus. 
au^siu aurifrisium. 
aumtu aumentum (augmentum). 
au or auctor. 
aup autumpnali. 
aurifr aurifrisium. 
aurs aures. 
au8?i tc austeritate. 



aut as auctoritas. 

aut e auctoritate. 

au te auctoritatem. 

aut te auctoritate. 

autup autumpno. 

au*3 auctoritatem. 

aut autem. 

autn a autentica. 

autnt ca autentica. 

autpo autumpno. 

auunct avunculus. 

auuncl 9 avunculus. 

auuncts avunculus. 

auucts avunculus. 

auucls avunculus. 

auucl 9 avunculus. 

auv 9 aews. 

aux m auxilium. 

aux° auxilio. 

au 9 «rws, Augustinus. 

au fl^^, autem. 

aupo autumpno. 

auia averia. 

auio$ averwrum. 

atf?e avertere. 

A. X. -4wwo Christi. 

A. X 1 . ^4>mo Christi. 

aysiamtii aysiamentum. 

a3 tf<?M#. 

a 9 tfctfw$, o/6w«, rt//ws, Augustus. 

Augustinus. 
a 9 us «MSM-S\ 



14 



The Record Interpreter. 



ax aliorum. 


a rtc, «£, #w£, autem, apud, ave. 


A 5000. 


annus, and its cases. 


abit ambit. 


aalia animalia. 


abuton ambulationem. 


aa* 1 animati. 


ablare ambulare. 


aatim annuatim. 


iifclo ambulatio. 


aV 1 annuatim. 


agf angelus, Anglus, Anglia, 


acui 9 alicujus. 


and their cases. 


ac 9 alicujus. 


agts angelus, angulus. 


ad aliquid, aliquod, aliud. 


sigh Angnes (Agnes). 


ad te animadverte. 


aglus angelus. 


adrd animadvertendum. 


aicf amicis. 


ae animce. 


aio 9 amicus. 


ai animi. 


ai m animum. 


a*d aliquid. 


alu animum. 


a iis afffe. 


araia lg admirabilem. 


ai°° aliquo modo. 


amisco administratio. 


ai animi. 


amo r amovetur. 


ale animate. 


ano a annona. 


alia animalia. 


anueii amiuentes. 


alib3 animalibus. 


an 9 annus. 


amal animal. 


aor major. 


ana aliena. 


aorf amoris. 


anga arenga. 


ao$ aliorum. 


an 9 annus. 


ap 9 amplius. 


ao° «/?0 woofo. 


ap amplius. 


aoq n alioquin. 


aqu antequam. 


ao$ aliorum. 


ares majores. 


aq a aliqua. 


ateq a antequam. 


aq a m aliquam, antequam. 


ateq antequam. 


aq a s aliquas. 


atiq 1 aMiqui. 


aqn aliquando. 


53 apparet, apparent. 


aq° aliquo. 



Latin Abbreviations. 



15 



aq r aliqualiter. 


ar aliter. 


aqua 1 ' aliqualiter. 


as fl/i&s, animus. 


aq 9 aliquibus. 


at #w£, autem. 


aq alt quid, aliquod. 


atu argumentum. 


aq a antequam. 


a^ apparel. 


aq aliquem, a liquid. 


as alia nun. 
< 



B. trecenti, baptista, beatus, bere- 


bap atus baptizatus. 


wica, bordarius, bovata. 


bap te baptistce. 


B. T; M. bereivica et manerium. 


bapt baptista. 


B. T: S. berewica et soka. 


bap baptista. 


B. A. 6mY (vixit) annos. 


bap a baptisma, baptista. 


babta baptista. 


bap ari baptizari. 


b a e beatce. 


bap atus baptizatus. 


balliuu ballivum. 


bapta baptista. 


balliu ballivum, ballium. 


barroii bar ones, baronia. 


bat balistariis. 


barr bar ones, baronibits. 


bait ballia, balliva, ballwus. 


bar 8 bar ones, baronibus 


baftia ballivam. 


Bartti Bartholomceus. 


battios ballivos. 


bar feiro, barones, baronia. 


baftis ballivis, balliis. 


b a s beatus. 


battm batellum. 


bast a d 9 bastardus. 


ball's ballwus. 


bas basilica. 


b a on bacones. 


baa beata. 


bap a baptisma, baptista. 


bae beatie. 


bap ari baptizari. 


bao, ba° &#ro. 



16 



The Record Interpreter. 



baon baronem, bar ones. 

ba 9 beatus. 

bea mus beatissimus. 

bea am beatissimam. 

benef beneficiarius. 

ben benedictio, benedictus. 

bereu berewica. 

ber berewica. 

b e ui? breviter. 

be me beatce memorial. 

bed tus benedictus. 

be gnus benignus. 

B. F. benef act urn, beneficium, 
bona femina, bona fide, bona 
filia, bona fortuna. 

bibat bibatis (vivatis). 

B. I. C. bibas (vivas) in Christo. 

bid bidentes. 

bis li8 bissextilis. 

bix bixit (vixit). 

blad bladum. 

blod blodius, blodeus. 

bt blancus. 

bftum bellum. 

B. M. foata Mater, beatce me- 
morial, bene merenti, bene 
merito. 
B. M. V. beata Maria Virgo. 

bn bene, benedict ionem. 
bndeo benedict io. 

bndcus benedictus. 

bfidms benedicimus. 



bnd 9 benedictus. 

bnd benedicit. 

bnf 10 beneficio. 

bnfcox benefactorum. 

biiio beneficio. 

bo a 3 bonam. 

bo u ' e bonitate. 

bo. me. #om# memorial. 

bofi bonus. 

bord bordarii. 

bor bordarii. 

bose boscus. 

bo t(i bonitatem. 

bouat bovata. 

boa 6o//«. 

bo fowtf. 

bo me fto^flp memoriw. 

bois &op&. 

bom bonam, bomim. 

bos beatos, bonos. 

br>3 bonitatem. 

B. Q. farce quiescas. 

BE., honor um, Britannia, Bri- 

tones. 
bra a li bracali. 
braca$ bracarum. 
b r gfi burgensis. 
b r g burgi, bur go. 
Brig Brigautice. 
BUT. Bn'tannicus. 
br brevis. 
bra bracheta. 



Latin A bbrevia tions. 



17 



bre" breve. 

bri brevi. 

bria brevia. 

brib} brevibus. 

bris brevis. 

brifi brccium. 

b s beatus. 

burg bargensis, burgus. 

burgfi burgenscs, burgensis. 

burgses burgenses. 

bur burgus, burum. 

bus bussellus. 

butict 5 £> « ticularins. 

bue ^r^re. 

buis brevis. 

BX. 6mY (vixif). 

b} beat us , beatam. 

b s beatus y bos. 

B 3000. 

b beatuSy baptista, benedictioncmy 

bussellus. 
ba baptistcty beata. 
baox beatorum. 
batus beatus. 
be beatce. 
bf bene/actum. 
bg burgum. 
bi foaft\ 
bi ca keatifica. 
bido beat it ado. 
bi d ' beatitudinem. 
bi is bcatitudinis. 

M. 



bi ne beatitudine. 

bissimo beatissimo. 

bisse beatissime. 

bitu ne beatitudinem. 

blli fo/#. 

bltm bellum. 

bm bcatumy benedictionem. 

bn force, beneficidy benedictionem. 

bna forc«. 

bn a beneficia. 

bndc 9 benedict us. 

budca benedict a. 

bnd r bencdicitur. 

bnd benedicity benedictionem. 

bndo benedictOy bencdicendo. 

bnd°ne benedictionem. 

bndre benedicere. 

bnfice benefice. 

bnfi beneficio. 

bnfeo^ benefactorum. 

bnfm beneficium. 

bnfo beneficio. 

bnftm bene/actum. 

bngne benigne. 

bn" beneficii. 

bn 11 beneficiali. 

bno$ bonorum. 

bfiio beneficio. 

brine benedictionem. 

bo fo^ro. 

bo-£ beatorum y bonorum. 

br bremSy and its cases ; brcviter. 



18 



The Record Interpreter. 



bruica bercicica. 


bts beatus. 


bs beatus. 


bt 9 beatus. 


bta beata. 


bt beatum. 


bte beatce. 


bue im'e. 


foti me beatissime. 


buit r breviter. 


bti ne beatitudine. 


buit brevitatis. 


btime beatissime. 


buit breviter. 


bti ni beatitudini. 


bur 5 brevius. 


bto^ beat or um. 





0. 



C. caput, carta, carucata, centum, 


calcria calcaria. 


codex, comes, conjux, cum, 


ca 10 capitulo. 


cunclis. 


calum ia calumpnia. 


ca camera. 


caluii calumpnia. 


c a camera, canonica, capitula, 


ca lu capitulum. 


caput, carta, causa, centena, 


calunia calumnia. 


circa, contra. 


car cakndas, calendis. 


ca ant capiant. 


catis calidis. 


ca as caritas, causas. 


catm ia calumpnia. 


c a c arm. 


eatr causaliter. 


ca ca canonica. 


eatus calidus. 


ca ce canonica}, canonicc. 


ca m capitulum, causam. 


oa do capiendo. 


cam camera, camerarius. 


ca e causce, creaturce. 


canifl camera. 


ca 1 capituli. 


camari 9 camerarius. 


cal. calcndas, calcndis. 


camar camerarius. 


calciamtu calciamentum. 


camio camerario. 



Latin Abbreviations. 



19 



can ce canomce. 

csaiGellaiicancellaria,cancellarius. 

canceil cancellaria, cancellarius. 

can cus canonicus. 

cane 9 cancellarius. 

can c£> canonicus. 

cane cancellarius. 

^nisp'uiii carnisprivium. 

can lis canon ica lis. 

canoic canonicus. 

can canonicus. 

c a n crannocum. 

cane 5 canonicus. 

c a iilis camalis. 

canria cancel/aria. 

cans canonicus. 

ca° capitulo. 

capco captio. 

capeft capella, capellanus. 

capets capellanus. 

cap 1 capituli. 

capiat 1 " capiat ur. 

capiat 1 " capiantur. 

capiend capiendum. 

capitib 9 capitibus. 

capit capitulum. 

capta capita la. 

capft capellanis. 

capfto capella no. 

captm capitulum. 

captni capcllani. 

capts capellanus. 



capt} capitulum. 

cap m capitulum. 

cap nus capellanus. 

capplt capellanus. 

capt* captat. 

capt 9 captus. 

capt captus, capta \ etc. 

capts captivus. 

capt 9 captivus. 

cape cap ere. 

cap capellanus, capit, capifalis, 

capitulum, caput. 

capd caput. 

capm capitulum. 

capt 1 ' capiuntur. 

captlis capitalis. 

ca 1 * capitur, causatnr, causaliter. 

car b 3 cardinalibus. 

cardit cardinalis. 

cardin cardinalis. 

card cardinalis. 

cari'a carmina. 
c a r ic carna i Cm 

cart camalis. 
car mus carissimus. 
car n li carnali. 
earn a carentia. 
carn lis camalis. 
carruc caruca, carucata. 
carr carucagium. 
cart cartam. 
caruc caruca, carucata, 
c2 



20 



The Record Interpreter. 



car cardinally cariagium, carta, 


cacfto canccllario. 


varuca, carucata. 


capio campio. 


cara carucata. 


ca carucata. 


cart carucata. 


caa camera. 


car? carnaliter. 


ca as causas. 


ca s causas. 


cae causce. 


c a s eras. 


cai capituli. 


cas lis casuahs. 


cais causis. 


c a stino crastino. 


caitas caritas. 


c a stin crastino, crastinum. 


cam causam. 


cast castro. 


cand causa ndum. 


cast castrum, castra. 


can r causantur. 


ea* caput. 


cant r causantur. 


cataft cat alia. 


cart causaret. 


c a ta cart-am. 


cas causas. 


cath lis cathedralis. 


cata cansata. 


cat catalla. 


cat 1 " causatur. 


ca u msw. 


cat 9 causatus. 


cauco cautio. 


cau casw. 


causat causalis. 


caus msws'. 



caut03 cautionem. 
caut r causantur. 
cau msw, casum. 
caui causalis. 
caut? causa liter. 
cauoe cautionem. 
caue cavcre. 
ca3 causam, causas. 
ca 5 ctfsws. 
ca? causa rum. 
eabitor camhitor. 
ciibiu cambium. 



ca? causarum. 
cc circum, ducenti. 
cc a cwyja, contra. 
cc** ducenti. 
ce b 3 celestibus. 
c e didit crediderit. 
c e d r creditur. 
ced ccedua. 
c e de cedere. 
eel. ce teres. 
cel e celeste. 
celebn celebrando. 



Latin Abbreviations. 



21 



cet celationcs, celebravit. 

ceti celeri. 

celit e celeritate. 

ce m ccelum. 

cemtari 9 cementarim. 

ceu. centum. 

cend cendallum. 

censri censeri. 

cer cerevuia. 

c c sce crescere. 

ce l £ ecelestis. 

ueti cieteri. 

cetm cceterum. 

c«?i cceteri. 

ce?m cceterum. 

ce° centre-. 

ces** censarii. 

oos 9 census. 

cet*io centurio. 

Ch. CAmft. 

Chro Christo. 

churs chursetum. 

c* cut. 

c*a circa, extra. 

ci b 3 ambus. 

c*ca circa. 

o*ouit circuit. 

o*ou a cireumstantia . 

c*eu co circumspectio. 

c*cu8p° circumspectio. 

o*cuspcco circumspectio. 
c*cu to circumscripta. 



c*cl 9 circulus. 
c*ctiii circulum. 
0*9 circum. 
tfof™ cinumstantia. 
0*9° circumstantial. 
G i c J 1eii ii circum/erentia . 
dk^br crrcumtscrilritur. 
o*c,sta a circumstantia. 
c*9st is circumstan tiis. 
cfas^bt cireumscriptibilis. 
e*9 ta ci* cumseripta. 
0*9? circumstantiarum . 
c'da cuidam. 
c*l° circulo. 
c 1 ^ cuilibet. 
0*111 circum. 
0*1110 crimen. 
c'mTatr crimimditer. 
oWib 9 crimi.iibus. 
c*m crimen. 
c*ma crimina. 
c*mis criminis. 
ciSu cinerum. 
cir 3, circa. 
circio circulo. 
oircts eirculus. 
oirouq^ circumquaque. 
circto circumlocutio. 
cirog a pfi chirographum. 
cir chirographum. 
ci te civitate. 
cit£ eitetis. 



22 



The Record Interpreter. 



cit tls civitates. 

ciulr ckiliter. 

ciu civitas. 

c 1 } cuique. 

citas civitas. 

cl. clarissimus. 

claman 11 clamantia. 

clam clamaty clamavit, clamium, 

clamor em. 
cl a s r a clansura. 
clasla clausula. 
clans clausu/n, clausula. 
clabit clamahit. 
clacoe clamationc. 
clais lls clarissim us. 
clam clausulam. 
clerooie cleronomice. 
cle te clement e. 
c 19 circulus. 
cl claman, clamarc, clausus, 

clericus. 
cla clausula. 
clant clamant. 
clcus clericus. 
cte clausula. 
cien c clcmcntissim e. 
clens etc mens. 
cti 6*/^r/, clausi. 
clicat 9 clericatus. 
clie clericus. 
diet 9 clericatus. 
cli lu cleriealis. 



ctis clausal is. 

cl is clericis. 

cti 9 clericus. 

ctm clericum. 

ctpa culpa. 

ctpat culpabilis. 

ctpa lis culpabilis. 

cts 9 clausus. 

ctt ra cultura. 

ctt 9 cultus. 

c m capitulum, centum, cum. 

c. m. c#ft£# mortis. 

c.mo centesimo. 

cmdil commendam. 

cniddem commendationem. 

cms comes. 

c na ccntena. 

c° centesimo. 

co a contra. 

co a lis corporalis. 

co b 3 coloribus. 

coem communcm. 

coes communes. 

cog a co cognatio. 

cog a t 9 cognatus. 

cogi Ilcs cogitationes. 

cogco cog nit io. 

cogntr (oguntur. 

coficio cocreitio, cocrtio. 

coHcoem coertionem . 

com toe cohabitationem. 

cotito m coert\oncm. 



La tin A bbreviations. 



23 



cola comitissam. 

coie comitissce. 

coi's corporis. 

colit colitur. 

collca collecta. 

colloe collatione. 

colloem collationem. 

colloes collationes. 

coll tur colligitur. 

colo a colonia. 

cot color. 

cola copula. 

coltg lc collegiate. 

coitia collegia, colloquia. 

cotto3 collationem. 

coftr colligitur, colloquitur. 

coir colitur. 

comb combustio. 

comit comitis, and other cases, 

comitissa. 
comia comitissa. 
comm commodo. 
commo commodum. 
com commissio. 
compoi compoti. 
compt comparcant. 
compt u compcrtum. 
comp computat, computato, com- 

putum. 
com comes, comitissa, comitatus. 
coma comitissa. 
comutes commorantes. 



corndat commendatus, commen- 
dator, commendatio. 

cofhd commendatus, commen- 
datio. 

come comitissce. 

comib3 communibus. 

con a contra. 

con a dco contradiction 

con a riu contrarium. 

con a xerut contraxcrunt. 

concedt concederetur. 

concelam concelamcntum. 

concet concelamentum, concc- 
latio. 

condco condicto. 

con du concedendum. 

coIl <1, concedendum. 

confres confratres. 

conqritur conquiritur. 

considaco consider atio. 

considatu consider 'a turn. 

consiles consimiles. 

conss ia consistentia. 

conssm consensum. 

construe constructio. 

const constitutis, constabularius. 

consue 110 consuetudine. 

con's consanguine us, considcratio, 
consideratum, consilium, 
consuetudinem, consuelu- 
dinibus, comities. 

con* ia consequential 



24 



The Record Interpreter. 



conssu consensu. 

cont a contra. 

conteco contentio. 

conteptu contemptum. 

contiet 1 ' continetur. 

contie continue. 

contntis contentis. 

cont ui conventui. 

con tu conventum. 

contiia contumacia. 

cont continents, continetur, con- 

tent urn. 
con contra. 
conger coning eria. 
con r communiter. 
consit concessit. 
con3 communem. 
coopofi coopertione. 
cop copia. 
co r commendator. 
cor 3, corpora. 
cor a lr corporaliter. 
coi^r corporaliter. 
cor b 3 corporibus, corporalibus. 
corco correctio. 
cor e corporc. 
cor e u corporeum. 
corete corrcpte. 
cor^ corporibus. 
cor's corporis. 
cor" 1 corporum, corporeum. 
corndet corresponded 



cor°dit corrodit. 

cor°ne corruptionem. 

coron corona, coronatio. 

cor°3 corruptionem. 

coroaco coronatio. 

corp 9 corpus. 

corpa corpora. 

cor r corporaliter, corrigitur, cor- 
rumpitur. 
i corrii r correspondetur. 
I corr°e corruptione. 

corru r corrumpuntur. 

cor r f corporis. 

corr corredium. 

corrns correspondens. 

corrtor corrector. 

corute corrupte. 

cor 9 corpus. 

cor coram, coronce, coronator. 

cor et correspondet. 

cor iK corruptions. 

corle corporalem. 

cort corporalis. 

corndet correspondet. 

corn tes correspondentes. 

corpnt corrumpunt, corrumpent. 

cors corporis. 

cotar cotarius. 

co tu comitatu. 

cot 9 cotarius. 

cot cotagium, cotarius. 

countus conventus. 






Latin Abbreviations. 



25 



co£ coronation em. 
co^pa 1 ' corrumpantur. 
eo£p° corruptio. 
co£p one corruptione. 
co£p r corrumpitur. 
co^pr corrumpitur. 
go$ Vt corrumpitur. 
coburat 1 " comburatur. 
cob combust io. 
cocelam concelamcntum . 
cocess 1 concessit. 
coeiliat conciliatum. 
cocto conclusio. 
cocord concordia. 
cocor tcr concorditer. 
cocup e concupiscentue. 
codepHus condemnatus. 
cod conditio. 
co du concedendum. 
cod commendatus. 
coendat 9 commendatus. 
coes cornea. 
cofr 1 * confirmatur. 
cof res < on f rat res. 
cof i 9 con fe rim us . 
cofo confessio. 
cofoe confessionem. 
cof r confirmatur. 
cofres confratres. 
coft confert. 
cognouut cognovei tint. 
coitat 9 comitatus. 



coite comitem. 

coito committo. 

coitf comitis. 

comiss commissio, commission. 

comitte committers 

comdare commendare. 

coptio compilation complexio. 

copo compositio. 

coput 1 ' computatur. 

coput 9 computus. 

cop computus, lompotus. 

copat 1 comparatur. 

coq^iuit conquisivit. 

corb3 corporibus. 

cosec a co comecratio. 

cosidat consider atum. 

cost constabularim, constituta. 

cosuet consuetudinibus. 

cos consideratum, consuetudo. 

cosmss3 < onsumpsisset. 

cot a contra. 

cot a dix contradixit. 

cotam contumacia m . 

cote™ contemptim, contentum. 

cotin3 continet. 

cot r dco contradictio. 

cotua 1 ' contumaciter. 

cou e commune. 

couet 9 conventus. 

couict 9 convictus. 

cousaeo conversatio. 

co contra. 



26 



The Record Interpreter. 



coa communa, consequential com 

itissa. 
coam comitissam. 
coe commune, consequential, com 

itissce. 
coes communes. 
coi communi, conjugi. 
coia communia. 
coib3 communibus. 
coicaco communicatio. 
coim 9 committimus. 
coione communione. 
coi r communiter. 
coiri communiri. 
cois communis, corporis. 
coi 8 communis. 
cois 1 commisit. 
coitas communitas. 
coiter communiter. 
coit 1 * communiter. 
coit communitas. 
coit communiter. 
cola copula. 
cona communam. 
conioe communione. 
conis communis, 
coat 9 con vent us. 
cone communiter. 
corib} corporibus. 
cdunis communis. 
co una communia, 
coiie commune. 



cpa co/?m. 

c r cwr, creditur. 

cr a carta. 

C r a CM/Y7. 

c r abit r curabitur. 

c r ant currant, curant. 

c r are curare. 

c l at°u curator urn. 

c v at 9 curatus. 

c r at r curantur. 

c r ca ca'ra?. 

c r cu circum. 

c r cm circum. 

cr9 circum. 

c r e carra, curiae. 

cred creditor, creditum. 

c r ere eurrere. 

c r ia twuz. 

criat criminalis. 

criat criminaliter . 
c l *o cwrq. 
c r r 9 currus. 
c r s 9 cursus. 
era crimina. 
ere criminc. 
cri crimini. 
cfla crimina. 
ct a contra. 
c u cc crucem. 
c u da cruda. 
cu e curife. 
cur cwnV/. 



La tin A bbrevia tions. 



27 



cust custumarius. 
cuu cava. 

cyrog a pti chirograph urn . 
cyr chirographic. 
c 9 cujus. 
c 9b 3 cujuslibct. 
c 9 93 cujuscumque. 
c 9 di ctijusmodi. 
c 9 l} cujuslibet. 
c 9 g a cujusquam. 
c 9 q> cujusque, cujuscumque. 
G 9 q?m cujmquam. 
c 9 3 cujusque. 
C centum millia. 
c raefem, c«/?^, cff/>*fe, centum, 
codex, comes, cum, cunctis. 

ca caw, capitula, cetera. 

c a creatura. 

ca a creatura. 

calis causa lis. 

ca° creatio. 

catu causatum. 

ca creata. 

cca circa. 

edit 1 ' crcditur. 

cdhri conditio ni. 

ce causa?. 

cfcis confectia. 

cfcm confectum. 

egg congrcgatis. 

eggatis congrcgatis. 

cg'gatt; congrcgatis. 



ci b 3 civitatibus. 
cis ceteris, civis. 
citas civitas. 
cius cw/ws. 
ciux conjux. 
ci 9 <?tt/«*. 
ei 9 b3 cujuslibet. 
ei 9 C3 cujuscunque. 
c'ita s ckitates. 
cltii cultum. 
cm cww. 
cms comes. 
cmdii commeudam. 
cotdie quotidie. 
ct° ccntro. 
8 cerccisia. 
Ca ccra. 
ca e creaturie. 
cari 9 cerarius. 
cat cmitf. 
8at r a creatura. 

8au creavit. 

cae creare. 

cb° crcbro. 

cbrit? crebriter. 

cb'rt? crebriter. 

cca circa. 

8c i9 certius. 

6cu circum. 

8dd l credidit. 

8dib a crcdibilia. 

8dib liu crcdibilia. 



28 



The Record Interpreter. 



cdi b 3 eredibilibus. 
8dite crediturce. 
cdi u credibilium. 
ednd credendum. 
Cdo credo. 
8d r creditur. 
cddi credendl. 
Cddo eredendo. 
Qdd credendum. 
cde credere. 
cdem 9 credercmus. 
cdis eredendis. 
cdndi credendl. 
cdns credent. 
cdr creditur. 
cdt credunt. 

cd e credere. 
8e cme. 
8ea la cerealia. 
£eb° cerebro. 
Seb^ cerebrum. 
Ssc* crescit. 
8sc crescit. 
8SC3 creseeret. 
8s6e crescere. 
8tus certus. 
£uisia cervisia. 
Cuisiores cervpiores. 
8u s ia cervisia. 
8uus eervus. 
Sunt creverunt. 



e cow, e#/w. 7%M /6- sometimes 
printed an a c reversed. 

9. confitendis. 

9 a contra. 

9 aa contraria. 

9b? coutrabreve. 

9 a bria cout rubra eta. 

9 a ctio contractio. 

9 a ctu coutractum. 

9 a ct 9 contractus. 

9 a d a contradictoriu. 

9 a dco a contradictor ia. 

9 a di°3 contradict ionem. 

9 a d°m contradictionem. 

9 a d fc contradicit. 

9 a dnt contradieunt. 

9 a dr contradicitur. 

9 a dre eontradicere . 

9 a fir contra/iitur. 

9 a i m contrarium. 

9 a io contrario. 

9 a ire contraire. 

9 a iu contrarium. 

9 dt concordat, considerat, con- 

veniat. 
9 at> consequatur. 
9 a 3 consequentiam. 
9 a ' m contrarium. 
9 a £ contrariorum. 
9 a convenientiam. 
9blatu combinatum. 
9b r gn eomburgensis. 



Latin Abbreviations. 



29 



c)b r it r combnritur. 
c/buss* combussit. 
c,b 9 t 9 combustus. 
cb 9 t combustio, comhustus. 
ccaeo communicatio. 
9cat communicat. 
c,ce d ' concedendum. 
9ce l concedi, concedendi. 
^cet concelamentum, concelatio. 
9ce nt concedunt. 
cjce° concedo. 
9cep°is conceptionis. 
9ce r conceditur. 
cjees. concessimus. 
c ; cesseut concesserunt. 
c,cess coneessisse. 
9ci m concilium. 
cjci concilio. 
9cip3 conciperet. 
c,cl°3 conclusionem. 
cjcloe conclusions 
9clos conclusions. 
9c! 1 ' concluditur. 
c^clu 1 * concluditur. 
c ; cl ur concluditur. 
Cjcld 1 ' concluditur. 
cg\& 1 t concluditur. 
cjcto conclusion concelamento. 
9Cordan concordantia. 
ccord concordandi, concordantis, 
concordantiis, concorditcr, 
concordia, and its cases. 



c,cordi concordandi. 

C)C r nt concurrunt. 

9C r ram 9 concurramus. 

9C r redo concurrendo. 

C)C r rete concurrente. 

9e r re concurrere. 

9C rt concurrit. 

9C rat concurrunt. 

c,cta am eta. 

9ctu contr actum. 

ceup a concupiscentia. 

ocup 1 * concupiscentiam. 

ccupi da concupiscendam. 

9cup le concupiscibile. 

ccupia concupiscentia. 

9C 9 m 9 concessimus. 

cjc 9 sio concussio. 

9c conclusio, and its cases. 

9c nte concurrente. 

cere concurrere. 

9ciue concretive. 

98nit concernit. 

9dam cujusdam, quondam. 

9depn3 condemnet. 

9dep re condemnare. 

9 di concedi, concedendi. 

9dico conditio. 

9di° conditio. 

9di on e conditionis. 

9di°3 conditionem. 

Cjc\\t x conditur. 

9 do comedo, concedendo. 



30 



The Record Interpreter, 



9d°is conditionis. 

9<loatu condonatum. 

c,d r contradicitur, concluditur. 

9dux conduxit. 

Cjde condere. 

Cidi concedendi. 

cdo conditio, concedendo. 

cdoem conditioncm. 

()dom conditioncm. 

cdr concluditur, contradicitur. 

9 e commune, consequential. 

cent convenienter. 

c, et continet. 

c>e3 communem, conventionem, 

cognitioncm. 
9cm communem. 
c)fess s confessoris. 
9f i masse confirmasse. 
Cji° confessio. 
c{°3 confessionem. 
Cjio} confirmationem. 
ci r confertur, confirmatur. 
Cyf 8 confessoris. 
c^f confessor, confirmavit. 
cfcis confeetis. 
clmar-o confirmatio. 
cfo^ confessorum. 
cg cit cognoscit. 

cg c g° eongregatio, congregate 
og't cog nit um. 
cgnou cognovit. 
9g° cognitio. 



9o r eognoscitur. 
cgg° eongregatio, congregato. 
cj communi, convent, 
c/a communia. 
c/at r conveniantur. 
c}qq? communicare. 
c/ens conveniens. 
91s communis. 
9*tas communitas. 
c/r communitcr. 
c, lium concilium. 

c/ 11 communem, compotum, con- 
ceptum , concilium, convict um . 
9mem e commemorationc. 
cjtoPq commotione. 
9m t te r commit teretur. 
9m t tu r committuntur. 
9me commune. 
9mnda° commendatio. 
9m ris commentatoris. 
911011 cognovit. 
911011 ut cognoverunt. 
9ns consequens. 
9 communio, communicatio, con- 

secutio. 
9°br, 9°bre, contra breve. 
9°m eonclusioncm . 
9°ne conclusione, const met ione. 
9pare com par ere. 
9plecto? complectorium. 
9ple t, complementum. 
9ptib3 compluribus. 



Latin Abbreviations, 



31 



9pot 9 compotus. 


9sidauut conside raver unt. 


c ; p r computabitur. 


9sidate consider ant em. 


c,p r t comparet. 


9siliu consilium. 


9p ta composita, compota. 


9siti consimili. 


9P tus compotus, computus. 


9si oe consider a tione. 


cputator computator. 


9snsu consensu. 


9P3 comparet, competit. 


9sooiu consocium. 


9pa le comparabile. 


9S0I0 consolatio. 


cpare comparare. 


9sti r constituitur. 


9»pat r comparatur. 


9sti ti constituti. 


9pate comparative. 


9stio constitutio. 


9pet comparet. 


9St constituto, constabularius. 


9pit comperit. 


9 SU cowensu. 


9pnt comparent. 


9su d0 consuetudo. 


9PO3 comparationem. 


9sue ne consuetudinc. 


9P computat, computus. 


9sulat 9 consulatus. 


9plat r copulatur. 


9sute consulere. 


9pl° completoriOy compilatio. 


9sutere consuluere. 


9po complexo, compositio. 


9s considerationem ,consideratum , 


9phfi le comprehensibile. 


consilium^ consuetudo. 


9q i 8itor conquisitor. 


9SDS 9 consensus. 


9qstu conquest u. 


9SS 9 consensus. 


9 r e contrarie. 


cf comparuit, contingit, commit. 


c/° convenire. 


9t a contra. 


9rediu conredium (corredium). 


9t a br contrabreve. 


9 1 * commentatorcm. 


9t a dcoe contradictione. 


cf£ commentatoris. 


9t a di8e contradicere. 


9 s consequens. 


9t a ia contraria. 


cscia conscientia. 


9t a tatt contra talliator. 


9sent a consentanea. 


cp composite, contestatione, con- 


9sidacoe consideratlone. 


tiuuatione. 


9sidatl consideratim. 


9tenco contentio. 



32 



The Record Interpreter. 



e^tentco contentatio. 

9* 1 compoti, 

cti b 3 continentibm, contingenti- 
bus. 

Cjtig contigit, contingit. 

9tinet r continetur. 

9ting contingit. 

c,ti te continente. 

c^tluati continuation. 

c ; tntis contentis. 

9 tor commentator, conquestor. 

Cjt r continetur. 

9 tu conventu. 

9tu a x contumax. 

9 tu computum, convent uni. 

eft competenteSy compositis. 

Cj t9 conceptus, contemptm. 

el contentum, continens, conti- 
netur. 



9t la continentia. 
cfti continuo. 
9ts contra sigillum. 
9^3 continet. 
9ualu convaluit. 
9ueneois conventionis. 
Cjiieit convenit. 
CjUvt 9 conventuH. 
9uiuiu convivium. 
9111 cit eonvincit. 
quia communiam. 
gut conveniunt. 
9uncone concentione . 
911s conversis. 
9* u complexum. 
9 compotum. 
c.a communa. 



D. 



D. dedisse, diccm, dicit, quingenti. 

d a ^/ffta, differentia. 

da a afota. 

dab r dabitur. 

dafe dabis, dabit. 

dabr dabitur. 

d a co draco. 



d a co dominatio, dilatio. 

daco flf#^*o. 

dacoi dationi. 

d a coi dilationi, dominationi. 

da m damnum, datum. 

damp dampno. 

da° dampno. 



Latin Abbreviations. 



33 



dapis dapiferis. 

dap dapifer. 

dapo dapifero. 

d a ri demandari, demonstrari. 

d a s differentias, datas. 

d as differentias, datas. 

dat r us daturus. 

dat 9 datus. 

dat rfa^a, datum. 

dap a re r damnaretur. 

dap a ri damnari. 

dapnad 9 damnandus. 

dfip ne damnatione. 

dapn ur damnatur. 

dapii damnum. 

dap ois damnationis. 

dap ^ damnorum, damnatorum. 

dup tus damnatus. 

dai flton. 

d c donee. 

d ce distinctione, duplice. 

d ce distinctionem, duplicem. 

dc m dictum. 

d coe 3 distinctionem, dictionem. 

d c tame dictamen. 

d c t3 dfefe*. 

def dictis. 

dc 9 dictus. 

dc ducatus. 

dcaie dictamine. 

dcec^ dictceque. 

dcet dictet. 

M. 



dcis dictis. 

dcm dictum, ductum. 

defntu decrement um, documen- 

tum. 
dco dedicatio, dictatio, dictio, 

dicto. 
dco° <ifrcfo moafo. 
dc'03 dictationem, dictionem. 
dco^ dictorum. 
dcur 9 dicturus. 
dcus dictus, distmctus. 
dc3 dictum. 
dc 9 dictus. 
dd David, dederunt. 
d e differentia?, dicere, dum. 
de a b r demonstrabitur: 
de a blis demonstrabiUs. 
de a1 ' demonstrabiUs. 
de are demonstrate, demandare. 
de a ta demonstrata, demandata, 

detracta. 
de a tis demonstratis. 
de a ti'e demonstrative. 
de a tis demonstrations, detrac- 

tiouis. 
deaur deauratum. 
de a 3 decimam. 
deb} flfe^^. 
debe debere. 
deb atefo£, debent. 
de Dur demonstrabitur. 
debo debito. 

D 



34 



The Record Interpreter. 



deb3 debent, deberet. 

decenn decennalia. 

decess decessit. 

deceto de ccetero. 

dece lie decennalvs. 

decid decider) dum. 

decla r declaratur. 

decli° declinatio. 

decto declaratio. 

dec° de ccetero. 

dec3 decet. 

decf de cceteris. 

dec decanus, Decembris, decre- 

mentum, decretum. 
decas decimas. 
dece decimce. 
dec 1 ' decretalis. 
deci decretalis. 
ded dedit. 
dedit dederint. 
dee fltetfstf. 
deee deesse. 
deet deessent. 
defai defalta. 
defrm defectum. 
defcus defectus. 
def di defendendi, definiendi. 
deforc deforciatorem. 
def defalta, defectus, defendatis, 

defender) s, defensionem, de- 

fenso,deforcians,deforciator, 

defunctus. 



defctus defectus, defunctus. 

deff deferentis. 

degt degustatio. 

dein deinde. 

de*ta determinata. 

deiatl deter minatim. 

deite determinate. 

delib ne delibatione, de liber atione. 

deliqs delinquens. 

dele" 1 delectum. 

detcable delectabile. 

delcafcir delectabiliter . 

detca delectatio. 

detcm delectum. 

detco delectatio. 

dem e su demensum. 

dem° demon st ratio. 

dem°is demonstration's. 

dem°st a co demonstratio. 

defh demum. 

demd r demandatur, demandetur. 

demnd demanda, demonstran- 
dum. 

demrans demonstrans. 

demroi demonstration^ 

demt a o demonstrato. 

demte demente, demonstratce. 

defht demonstratum. 

demts dementis, dement es, de- 
monstrationis. 

dem ue demonstrative. 

den*' denarius. 



Latin Abbreviations. 



35 



denies denique. 

de nis denominationis. 

dentag dentagra. 

den denarius, denno. 

dencia denunciatio. 

deficiai den unciari. 

defiei d0 denunciando. 

deiioi m denominativum. 

dent debent. 

dent r debentur, demonstrator. 

de° demonstratio. 

de°ne demonstratione. 

deor m deorsum. 

de°3 demonstratione m. 

de 0c demonstratione. 

dep a uare depravare. 

depo da deponenda. 

depo3 deposition em. 

dep3 dependet. 

depoem depositionem. 

deronau* derationavit, deratio- 

cinavit. 
der Deeembris. 
desc* descendit. 
desig a ri designari. 
desi m desiderium. 
desmt desumunt. 
des° desertio. 
despa desperatio. 
destr a iu8 destrarius (dextrarius) . 
dest u co destructio. 
desc* desicut. 



desr desuper. 

desuies deserviens. 

desto desertio. 

desuit 9 deservitus. 

de* debet, dedit. 

de ta debita, deducta, delkta. 

de te debite. 

de t{ debitiy delegati. 

de'mtii detrimentum. 

detis demandatis, demonstratis. 

de?ia° deteriorate, deteriatio. 

declare deteriorate, deteriare. 

deti ne determinatione. 

deri n determinari. 

detial is determinalis. 

detia° determinatio. 

detiare determinare. 
derlate determinate. 
deuo devotio. 
deu Deum. 
deuare devitare. 
de 9 Dens, debemus. 
de-^- deest. 
deco demonstratio. 
deat debeat. 
debit debebit. 
debato deliberato. 
delta debita. 
delicj dereliquit. 
dem 9 debemus. 
dendi demonstrandi. 
dent debent, 

d2 



36 



The Record Interpreter. 



deret deberent. 

der3 deberet. 

det debet, deberet. 

det r> demonstratur, determiuatur. 

de 9 debemus. 

d. g. Z)<?e gratia. 

di. dilccto, distinctio. 

d 1 flfocfr, fl?«7?«, dirigi, dividi. 

d. i. Dominica? Incarnationis. 

diae diaconus. 

dic a dicra. 

dice m dicendum. 

die dicere, dicit, dicunt. 

dies dicem. 

diet ak'ctY, dicunt. 

dieus d ictus. 

diPent dicerent. 

dicjt dicunt. 

di d ' dicendum. 

dida dicenda, dividenda. 

diddu dividendum. 

did* dividit. 

dif dum definiendum. 

di-ff a difflnitiva {definitiva) . 

diffi definitio. 

diff It definit. 

diffia differentia. 

diffo definition dejinitiuo. 

difflnt differ unt. 

diff} nia differentia. 

difflt <fe#ertf. 

dif di definiendi. 



dig a t r dignatur. 

dig ma dignissima. 

dignci digncmini. 

dig ni digncmini. 

dign°i digniori. 

dig dignus. 

diii b 3 dignitatibus. 

digois digestionis. 

dii^tas dig nit as. 

di^f dignitatis. 

dilelo diluculo. 

dilem dikctum. 

diles dilectus. 

dileus dilectus. 

di le divisibile. 

di h divisibili. 

dili d ' diligendu m . 

dili^nr diligenter. 

di lis divisibilis. 

dil° dilatio. 

diloe dilatione. 

dit dilectus. 

ditctus ailectus. 

dites dilectus. 

diteus dilectus. 

ditim dilatim. 

ditns diligens. 

dibit diligenter. 

di m dimidiam, dimidium, dim- 

nam, divbium. 
dimid dimidium. 
dimis dimisit. 



Latin Abbreviations. 



37 



dim° diminution dimensio. 
dim°3 dimensionem, diminu- 

tionem. 
dim^e dimittere. 
dim dimidium. 
dimtiu diminutivum. 
di ne dilatione. 
diii divinum. 
di° dimidio, dicisio. 
dioc dioecesis. 
dioe divisione. 
dioi divisioni. 
diom divisionem. 
di r dividitur, dicitur. 
dirco directionem. 
dir c te directe. 
dir c ti m directicum. 
dir c tus directum. 
dir c us direct us. 
dirce directe. 
dircm directum. 
dirco directio. 
dirc°3 directionem. 
dir dirigitur. 
dircm directum. 
dirc°3 directionem. 
dirocnau* diratiocinavit. 
dironata dirationata. 
dirtus directus. 
dis. disseisincc, districte. 
di s dicetis. 
disc d ' discedendum, discernendum. 



disc e tus discretus. 

disci 1 ' discipulus. 

discido discindendo. 

disc discretio. - 

discpis discipulus. 

discco discretio. 

dis8 dum discernendum. 

discii discernit. 

dis^t disconveniunt. 

di8 lus discipulus. 

displi a displicentia. 

disp° dispositio. 

displus discipulus. 

dispn dispensatio. 

dispnt dispensant. 

disp° dispositio. 

dispoem dispositionem. 

dispt dispeusat. 

diss d ' dissentiendum. 

dissi t do dissimilitudo . 

diss disseisivit, disseisicerunt, 

disseusus. 
disslis dissimilis. 
diss 9 disscnsus. 
dist a distincta. 
disti dum distinguendum. 
disti't 1 ' distinguitur. 
dist° distinction distinczo. 
dist r distinguitur. 
dist u x t destruxit. 
distbuta distributiva. 
distctu districtu. 



38 



The Record Interpreter. 



disto distinctio, distineto. 

dis discretio, divisus. 

diss divisus. 

dis t diner etio tua, or other 

cases. 
di tc ' dimidietatem. 
di tim dimidiatim. 
dit°3 ditionem. 
diu a diversa, divina. 
diuci 9 diutius. 
diu dc diversimode. 
diu e diversce, divisce. 
diue£ diver sornm. 
diui 1 ' dwisibilis. 
diui m divinum. 
diui 1 ' dividitur. 
diu ne diutine. 
diiidare divadiare. 
diuiclo diverticulo. 
diusi dc diversimode. 
diu tc diversitate. 
dix* <&rt £. 
dix ut dixerunt. 
dix fl?m£. 
dixnt dixerunt. 
dixt t/ml. 
dlissu dimisstim. 
diitfe dimittere. 
di De*. 

dia dimidia, divina. 
dicie divitue. 
didat dividat. 



dide dividendo. 

di'di dividi. 

did* dividit. 

di d ' dividend um. 

diddfi dividendum, decidendwn. 

dide 1 ' divideretnr. 

did^e dividere. 

die dimidice. 

di ii D^' gratia. 

dige dirigere. 

d 1 nu° dimin u tio. 

dmu°3 diminutionem. 

dio dimidio, divino. 

dione divisione. 

di r dicitur. 

disi 1 ' divisibilis. 

dissioe dimissione. 

di'ssum dimissum. 

disu divisum. 

dit ofe'ctY 

dittere dimittere. 

d m datum, dicendum, dudum. 

dmna domina. 

dmrat demonstrat. 

dms damns, dicimus, dominus. 

d na doctrina. 

d ne doctrince. 

d n s differentias. 

dn denarius. 

dna domina. 

dnat 1 " dominatur. 

dnc a dominica. 



Latin Abbreviations. 



39 



dfiica dominica. 

dns dominus. 

dht dicunt, dubitant. 

diius dominus. 

dilu dominum. 

dn 9 dominus. 

d° Deo, dico, distinguo, domino, 

dubio. 
do a dominica. 
do at donat. 
do a t donavit. 
do c donee. 
doc a dominica. 
doco documento, donatio. 
do e domino^. 
do'ca dominica. 
do'caus dominicanus. 
do^c 9 dominicus. 
d°is devotionis, distinctions, do- 

minionis. 
do^u dominium. 
do m dominum, donurn. 
dom a dominica. 
dom lifl domicilium. 
domna domina. 
domn 9 dominus. 
dom dominus, domus. 
donaco donatio. 
donaii donatum. 
don c donee. 

d°nes dictiones, donationes. 
doii donum, donatio. 



dono donatio. 

donu dominium. 

dofi 9 dominus. 

do° dominio, domino. 

do°£ dominorum, domorum. 

dor* 1 dormienti. 

dor dormit. 

dordi dormiendi. 

dore dormire. 

do 9 domus. 

d 0e distinctione. 

doi flfowi, do mini, doni. 

doicllus domicellus. 

doi 1 domini. 

doi m dominium. 

doiiio dominio. 

doiaco dominatio. 

doi domini. 

doii dominii. 

dore dormire. 

dpo depositio, dispositio. 

dp°3 depositionem, dispositio nem. 

dpoes depositiones, dispositio nes. 

d r dicitur, dicuntur, dirigitur, 

distinguitur, dupliciter. 
d r a t/wnz. 
d r at r a duratura. 
d r ir duriter. 
d r£> durus. 

dra differentia, dura. 
dre dicere, differentia, docere. 
dren? differenter. 



40 



The Record Interpreter . 



di"e r diceretur. 

dria differentia. 

drie differentia?.. 

driis differentiis. 

drncia differentia. 

drns differens. 

ds Deus. 

d* afa?^, ditat, ditavit. 

d ta distincta. 

d te distincte. 

dta a distantia. 

dtm dativum. 

du a dubia, ducenda. 

du a t r dubitatur, duratur. 

dubi is dubitationis. 

dubi dubitatio. 

dub r dubitatur. 

dubo dubitatio. 

dubr dubitatur. 

dubt°n3 dubitationem. 

duce r duceretur. 

duc° ducentesimo. 

du9t ducunt. 

du u afwfoY. 

du m dubium, ductum. 

du° dubio, dubitatio. 

du onis dubitationis. 

dupli r dupliciter. 

duplt dupliciter. 

duptr dupliciter. 

dup r dupliciter. 

dup x duplex. 



du 1 ' dubitatur, duratur. 

d ur dicitur, dicuntur. 

d u r dicitur. 

du re dubitare. 

dur duraturam. 

duro duratio. 

du x duplex. 

dumo dummodo. 

du° dummodo. 

diio dummodo. 

dua 1 duravit. 

duat r as duraturas. 

duate durante. 

dub r durabitur. 

ducet denunciet. 

dii ce duplicem. 

du ci duplici. 

du co dubitatio. 

du° dummodo. 

dure dubitare. 

dus ductus, duras. 

d x duplex. 

dya ca dialectica. 

dya 9 diabolus. 

dyoe dicecesis. 

d3 afefo£. 

d 9 Deus, dominus, dux. 

D 500000, Deus, Dominus. 

d datum, de, debet, decena, dedit, 
deest, denarius, dicendum, 
dicit, dictus, die, dies, dimi- 
dium, dominicus, dominus. 



Latin Abbreviations. 



41 



dbu* dchuit. 

dh} debet. 

dca dicta, dominica. 

dc e dicta 3 , dominicai. 

dc eo discretio. 

dc e tus discretm. 

dc e tu decretum. 

dci lia disciplinabilia. 

dci na disciplina. 

dcliaco declinatio. 

dctat declinat. 

dc m dictum. 

dc v re° discurrendo. 

dc v su discursum. 

dcu r o decurio. 

dcur 9 dicturus. 

dcu dictum, distinctum. 

dcgs dictorum. 

dcetu decretum. 

demtu decrementum. 

dcno decemo, discerno. 

dco} dictionem, dicta tionem. 

dcs dictus. 

dc 9 dictus. 

dc tu decrementum. 

dd David. 

dda dicenda, docenda. 

dd a dividend a. 

del 1 ' dividitur. 

dd 1 tMt'l. 

dduc°ni deductioni. 



dd dicendum, JJavidem,and other 

cases. 
ddm dicendum. 
ddft dederunt: 
deliq° derelinquo. 
deo debeo. 
dfca defect a. 
dfco3 defection em. 
dfca dejecta. 
dfens deficiens. 
d. g. Dm' gratia. 
di flfet. 

dia differentia, diviha. 
didet dividet. 
did° dimidio. 
did 1 ' dividitur. 
did* dividit. 

die divine, dicinw, differentia;. 
dig fl ' dirigendu m . 
digiit 1 ' diriguntur. 
dinus divinus. 
din divinum. 

dio dimidio, divino, divisio. 
di oe distinct ione . 
disi divisi. 
disi divisim. 
dis s divisis. 
dissa dimissa. 
dis3 divisis. 
dis divisim. 
dist divmt. 



42 



The Record Interpreter. 



di l £ deitatis. 

di 9 dicimus. 

did deinde. 

dina diviiia. 

dlcis dulcis. 

d\ dilectus, dilectissimus, 
their cases. 

dtca ne delectatione. 

I>m Deum. 

dm differ entiam. 

d m dicendum. 

dm do demonstrando. 

dm° dummodo. 

dm ot demonstrationem. 

dmo te demonstrate. 

dmrat demonstrat. 

dmro demonstratio. 

& m \ de malo lecto. 

dfnraco demonstratio. 

dmtii demonstratum. 

d m u de malo veniendi. 

dna domina. 

dnaco dominatio. 

dnar denarios. ^ 

dnc a dominica. 

dn dat defendat, descendat. 

dnd dicendum. 

dndas descendens, defendens. 

dne domine 9 dominat. 

dnio dominio. 

dno domino, dono. 



and 



dn r dicuntur. 

dn s denarios, denariis. 

dnt debent, dicunt. 

dntis dicentis. 

dn denarius, dominus, and their 
cases. 

dnes descendentes. 

dc^u dominium. 

dor m deorsum. 

dor deorum. 

doii dominii. 

dpe or dispensator. 

dpse disperse. 

dr dicitur, dirigitur, dividitur. 

dr a differentia. 

drabile demonstrable. 

dra? differentiarum. 

drao demonstratio. 
dre afore, debere, dicere. 
dren*' differenter. 
dret deberet, diceret. 
dria differentia. 
drn lls differentiis. 
drn s differentes. 
drnt differunt. 
drnt differenter. 
drt differt. 
drut differunt. 
ds Dens, dominus. 
dsc'p 18 discipulus. 
dsc^p descriptionem. 



Latin Abbreviations. 



43 



dsin desinet, desinit. 

dsit desinit. 

dst u et r destruerctur. 

d' debet, dicit, distinguit. 

dta dicta. 

dta a distantia. 

dt a hed detrahendum. 

dtat distat. 

d tc dicente, distinct e. 

dti 1 distingui. 

dtin° deter mi nationem. 

dti 1 " distinguit ur. 

d tis distinguitis. 

dti 1 distinguit. 



dti ui distingui. 
dtore distributor em. 
dt ua distributka. 

dt ue distributive. 

d tu distinction. 

dt dumtaxat. 

dtas distantias. 

dtriaco determinatio. 

dt?iat determinant. 

dueiat deveniat. 

dxt tfraiY. 

d3 debent. 

dlelco derelictio, derelicto. 



E. 



E. #50, JEdwardus, eodem. 


ec a ecclesia. 


E a J&o. 


e ca wquivoca. 


eappt eapropter. 


ec am eccle&imn. 


easd easdem. 


ec a £ ecclesiarum . 


eu ram, eodem. 


ecc a £ ecclesiarum. 


eude eandem. 


ecc ca ecclesiastica. 


ebdo a hebdomada. 


ecclea ecclesia. 


ebd hebdomada. 


ecclia ecclesia. 


ebda hebdomada. 


ecc ecclesia sticus. 


ebde hebdomadce. 


ecca ecclesia. 


ebdma hebdomada. 


ecc ca ecclesiastica. 


eb*e te cbrietatem. 


ecci ecclesiastici. 


eb r at 9 ebriatus, eburatus. 


eccia ecclesia. 



44 



The Record Interpreter. 



ec e ecclesice. 
ecta ecclesia. 

*9 



qot cequuSy equus. 

ec etiam. 

eca ecclesia. 

ec a e contra. 

ece ecclesice. 

ec/ 6> contra. 

ecj° e contrario. 

ec;rio ? contrario. 

edetn edict am. 

edd edendum. 

e dl ne cedificationem. 

Edwus Edwardus. 

e d ' eadem, ecedern, eodem. 

ed cdictum. 

edc m cdictum. 

edcm cdictum. 

Edrus Edwardus. 

Edus Edmundus, Edwardus. 

e e ecclesie. 

ee a essentia. 

ec a lis essentialis. 

ee a tr essentialiter. 

ee am esscntiam. 

ee a fit essentialis. 

ee e essential. 

ee lls essentialis. 

een a essentia. 

een a lir cssentialiter. 

een a tr cssentialiter. 

eenciatr cssentialiter. 



een lis essentialis. 
een r cssentialiter. 
eena essentia. 
efPciuu effectivum. 
effic r effica titer, efficitur 
effi n ' r efficiuntur. 
effi 1 ' efficaciter, efficitur. 
effi tls efficientis. 
eff ue effective. 
eff um effectivum. 
effu° effusio. 
effcm effectum. 
effes effectus. 
effo effecto. 
efftu effectu. 
effu effectu. 
efctm effectum. 
eg do cegritudo. 
eg e dit r egreditur. 
eg e dr egreditur. 
eg e s 9 egressus. 
eg^is (egritudinis. 
eg'nu cegritudinum. 
eg°ne icgrotationem. 
eg 1 ' ^er, egeritur. 
eg r tadinf mgritudinis. 
e^ ^v/rt, ^770, egregius. 
elie eg regie. 
e^o tf^ro, e^<?0, ^ro. 
e^one egestionem. 
egut 1 * egrediuntur. 
ego e^ero. 



Latin Abbreviations. 



45 



e 1 enim. 
e ice cequivoce. 
ei c t 9 ejeetus. 
eice ejicerc. 
e^polt (equipollet. 
e iu a a cequivalentia . 
e'ua 118 (equivalent. 
e'ua 1 (equivalet. 
e^ua*' cequiva tenter. 
e^u (equivalet. 
ei 9 f/ws. 
ei 9 d ejusdem. 
e 1 emm. 
eim ejusmodi. 

eis ^/w s - 

elem eleemosynam. 
ele nta element a. 
e let (equivalet. 
ele 11 elementi. 
ele*' elementis. 
eleu elevato. 
elea eleemosyna 4 
eleta elementa. 
e 11 wquali. 
eli'a eleemosyna. 
elo do elongando, eloquen'io. 
eloqcia eloquentia. 
eloqt 1 eloquitur. 
e ! 3 (equivalet. 

et aqualis, elementum, eleemo- 
syna. 
eta eleemosyna, elementa. 



etaris element arts. 

etari 9 eleemo&y nanus. 

etco m electionem. 

etcon3 eleetionem. 

etcto electio. 

etc 9 eleetus. 

etca electa. 

etci *» /<?cfo". 

etcio e lectio. 

etco eleetio, electo. 

etcs eleetus. 

etcus eleetus. 

eteia eleemosyna. 

eti elementi. 

etia eleemosyna. 

etie eleemosynce. 

etis elementis, eleemosynis. 

etm eleemosynam, elect uarium, 

elementum. 
etosina eleemosyna. 
eto? elementorum. 
etta elementa. 
etto£ elementorum. 
ettm electa m. 
emdu emendum. 
emi ma eminentissima. 
emp'i empyrei. 
empti emplastri. 
emptm emp lustrum. 
emp emptio. 
em 1 emanavit. 
emdare emendare. 



46 



The Record Interpreter. 



efhdau emendavit. 

emd emendam, cmendet, emen- 

dam, emendationem. 
erndo emendatio. 
enigete emergente. 
efhtulatus cmentulatus. 
em gen emergens: 
emg* em erg it. 
emserut emerserunt. 
e nas eleemosynas. 
Engles Englesceria. 
engt Englesceria. 
enig ca cenigmatica. 
enort enormiter. 
e nt erunt, exeunt. 
enuc le enuntiale. 
enu re enuntiare. 
enuare enumerare. 
enmis enumerans. 
enluat 1 * enervatur. 
e° cequatio,e contra rio, ego,eundo. 
eod eodem. 
eodm eodem. 
eod° eodem modo. 
eogs eorum. 
ef> eodem. 
epco episcopo. 
ephifie epiphania>. 
epi ie Epiphanice. 
epitia epilepsia. 
epip Epiphania. 
episc episcopus. 



ep emptus, episcopus, epistola. 

epat episcopalis. 

epatus episc opatus. 

epat 9 episcopatus. 

epc episcopus. 

eptiia Epiphania. 

eptiie Epiphania\ 

epi cpiscopi. 

epi u fjs? i fo/?// & w . 

epla epistola. 

eplaris epistolaris. 

eplas cpistolas, epulas. 

eple epistohe, epulie. 

epm episcopum. 

epo episcopo. 

epopus episcopus. 

eps episcopus, episcopis. 

epsco episcopo. 

eptus episcopatus. 

epus episcopus. 

eq a requa liter. 

eq a t ayqualis. 

eq a m a?quam, equam. 

eq'cQ cequivocum. 

eq'tii equitum. 

eq 1 ? equites. 

e q lis cequalis. 

eq° tequatio, eequo modo. 

eq r wquatur, cequetur. 

eq s equates. 

eq3 cequat. 

ecj cequus, eques, equus, 



Latin Abbreviations. 



47 



eqlis cequalis. 


esthr esthridinga [East Riding). 


eqlir^ cequalitcr. 


esti a co cestimatio. 


eqtr cpqualiter. 


e* £r#£, m#, es£. 


eq° cequatio. 


et a (sterna. 


eq°' (equationis. 


etc et cmtera* 


eqpat 1 ' cequiparatur. 


et e tstemes. 


eqq equites. 


et m rnter num. 


eq r cequaliter. 


et r cete ma-liter. 


eqs e^wis, equus, cequus. 


etr ££ reliqua. 


eqstr equestris. 


et me/, etiam. 


equo cequivocatio. 


e t eodem tempore. 


eq > &£W. 


et c f.'£ S2C. 


e. r. e£ reliqua. 


etm etenim. 


e rat e Jf era ^ 


et m ^ tamen. 


er c ta erectam. 


e t eodem termiuo. 


ero b ' erroribus. 


etna 1 ' isternaJiter. 


ero u erroneum. 


erne cetcrne. 


err 3 err or em. 


erai 1 ' cetemitatis. 


er era£, m£, erunt. 


etnit (Btemitas. 


erca erectam. 


etn 5 aiternus. 


erce erecte, erectce. 


eua m evangelium. 


ere 9 erectus. 


eua ta ? evangelist arum. 


ernt erant, erunt. 


eua te evangelists. 


ert erant, erunt. 


euagi evangelium. 


esc a biii escambium. 


euch a eucharistia. 


esc a giu escangium. 


eucha a eucharistia. 


escap escapium. 


eucha e eucharistia?. 


escabiii escambium. 


euck a eucharistia. 


escagiu escangium. 


eucka a eucharistia. 


esitaco hcesitatio. 


eucka e eucharistia?. 


espd esperdum. 


eue m eveniam, event um. 


ess essoniavit y essonium, essoni- 


eue* evenit, 



(itus, 



48 



The Record Interpreter. 



eug evangelista, evangelista;. 

eui a evide'ntia. 

eui ns evidens. 

euit evidenter. 

euka a eucharistia. 

euk e eucharistia?. 

euo dl evocandi. 

euu. evangelista. 

euua ca evangelica. 

euuan e evangelistce. 

euuang evangelista, evangelium. 

euua evangelio. 

euua ta evangelista. 

euua tr evangelizatur. 

euuilgta evangelista. 

euuglia evangelia. 

euuka a eucharistia. 

euuia evangelista. 

euu m evangelium. 

euun a evangelista. 

euu evangelio. 

euu s evangeliis. 

euu evangelista. 

euue evangelistce. 

euuge ta evangelista. 

eugita evangelista. 

euo evacuatio, evocatio. 

ex a executoria, exempla, extra. 

exacco exactio. 

exad ex adverse 

ex a duce extraducere. 

ex a ere extr after e. 



ex a hi extr alii. 

ex a fie extrahere. 

ex a it extraxit. 

ex H i u 1 ' extrajudicia li. 

ex a ne 9 extraneus. 

ex ar exemplar. 

ex a tus excommunicatus. 

ex a ur extrahura. 

exai examinatio. 

excaco excommunicato. 

excae excommunicare. 

excedfia excedentia. 

exce* excellit. 

exci dl exscindcndi, excipicndi. 

ex ctu executum. 

exc excommunicat. 

exca a excommunicato . 

excant r excusa n tur. 

exca° excusatio. 

excatus excommunicatus. 

excaui excommunicato. 

exco excommunicato. 

excoe excommunicatione. 

excois excommunicationis. 

excoi tus excommunicatus. 

exc 1 ' excommunicato. 

excri excommunicari. 

exc/care excommunicare. 

exc/co excommunicatio. 

exc ; ° excommunicatio. 

ex ei extremi. 

exe los executoriales. 



Latin Abbreviations. 



49 



ex ema ex trenia. 
exe° executio. 
exerc 9 exercitus. 
exe re executors. 
exhibico exhibitio. 
exh exhibet, exhibent. 
exfindo exhercendo (exercendo), 
exhibendo. 

exftre exhibere. 
extiri exhiberi. 
ex 1 exempli. 
exibe exhibere. 
exibi exhiberi. 
ex icat exemplificat. 
ex^at excommunicat. 
exicat exemplificat. 
exige exigere. 
ex i n cu extrinsecum. 
ex^ns" 1 extrinsecum. 
ex is exceptis, excommunicationis, 
exemplis. 

existe existente. 

exis?e existere. 

exit exitus, exitum, exitibus. 

ex la exempla. 

ex 11 ^ executoriales. 

ex 1 ^ exemplis. 

ex m exemplum. 

ex nis excommunicationis. 

ex 118 existens. 

ex nti existenti. 



M, 



ex° £# adverso, excepto, excommu- 
nicato, exemplo. 

exoppo &p opposito. 
exo r exoneratur. 
exo to £# opposito. 
ex°' excommunicationem. 
ex°£ extremorum. 
ex ois excommunicationis. 
exoria executoria. 
exp c tari expectari. 
exp c tau expectavit. 
exp^e exprimere. 
expt explicit. 
expttr expellitur. 
expiiis expensis. 
expo b 3 expositionibus. 
expo ri9 expositorim. 
expoit r exponitur. 
exp t0 exprofecto. 
expi a experientia. 
expi d ' experiendum. 
expi e experientice. 
expie a experientia. 
expi hs experiment alls. 
expimtu experimentum. 
expi t0 experimento. 
expi 1 ' experimentaliter, expert- 
mentum. 

expqia$$ experqueriarum. 
exp expenditure expensum. 
expto expulsio. 



50 



The Record Interpreter. 



expo expositio. 

exp 0> expositionem. 

expom expositionem. 

exptadu expectandum. 

expssio expressio. 

expss expresse. 

ex r examinetur, excipietur. 

ex re excommunicare. 

exsp c tauit expectaverit. 

ext a excepta, extra. 

ext a ctu extractum. 

ext^re extraire. 

ext a iudctr extrajudicial-iter. 

ex te existente. 

ext e a extrema. 

ext e m extremum. 

ext e na externa. 

exte r extenditur. 

ext^s extremitas. 

exte extensio. 

ext g °? extremorum. 

exte* extendit. 

ex tis exceptis, excommunicatis. 

extic m extinctum. 

extiata exterminata. 

ex tor executor. 

ex tu exitu. 

ex tfl exceptum, executum, exem- 

plificatum. 
ext examinatis, extra. 
ex* excepto. 
exte extunc, 



extn ca extrinseca. 

extn co extrinseco. 

extn c ' extrinsecus. 

extri exteri. 

extiata exterminata. 

exupat exsuperat. 

ex 9 ne excusatione. 

ex executio, exitus, extra. 

exei a exercitia. 

excis exec utr ids. 

exi extremi. 

exificat 1 ' exemplificatur. 

exit existit, extitit, extraxerit. 

exiu 11 extrajudiciali. 

exm exemptum, extremum. 

exme extremal, extreme. 

exmi extremi. 

exmi tas extremitas. 

exmi te extremitate. 

exn a existentia. 

exn ' existentibus. 

exnciu existentium. 

exn e existential, existente. 

exn m existentiam, existentium. 

exns existens. 

exn s existentes. 

exnt existunt. 

exnte existente. 

exntia existentia. 

exnt^ existentis. 

exri exemplari. 

exs exemplis, 



Latin Abbreviations. 



51 



extat exstat. 


ee am essentia m. 


ex* 1 excommnnicati. 


ee a fit essentialis. 


ex tls excommunicatis, exemplatis, 


ee e essentia?. 


exist entis. 


een a essentia. 


ex tu exitu. 


eenciatr essentialiter. 


ex tus cxcommunicatus. 


een lis essentialis. 


ex*' ex parte. 


een r essentialiter. 


extat exstiterat. 


eena essentia. 


exci* exercitui. 


eet £.s.9££. 


exoi° exercitatio. 


ee me, essent. 


exci to exercitato. 


egliu euangelium. 


excitu exercitum. 


eicie r ejicientur. 


excit 9 exercitus. 


eig er erigetur. 


excito exercitatio. 


ei etenim. 


exce exercere. 


eli cequali. 


e 9 tf/ws. 


elus cemulus. 


e 9 d ejusdem. 


elr cequaliter. 


e. m, £$£. 


ena le essentiale. 


e d ' es£ dicendum. 


eni etenim. 


een a s essentia*. 


ep 9 episcopus. 


el emm. 


eto cequato, excepto. 


epco emptio. 


et essetis. 


epi emplastrum. 


e t eosdern terminos. 


epfm emplastrum. 


euale a aiquivalentia. 


ep ne emptione. 


eualet cequivalet. 


epts emptus, empturus. 


eualet cequivalent. 


e ecclesia, enim, episcopus, erit, est. 


eualet cequiva tenter. 


eat #ra£. 


eua* cequiva luit. 


ee a essentia. 


eua ta evangelista. 


ee a lis essentialis. 


Sua 1 ' cequivalenter. 


ee a tr essentialiter. 


eu3 cequivalet, 



*j2 



52 



The Record Interpreter. 



F. 



F. fabricant, faciendum, falsa, 


fan ca fantastica . 


falsam, faustum, fecit, feli- 


f a ncia Francia. 


citas, feliciter, felix, femina, 


i A ngitfrangit. 


feodum, feria, fertorem, 


f a ns faciens. 


fertores, festum, fiat, fieri, 


f a r faciliter. 


filia, filius, firma, fit, for- 


far a farina. 


tuna, frater, fraternitas, 


fan* farina. 


from, fundavit, fundum, 


f aria far in am. 


'futuris, quadraginta. 


f a r 3 faceret. 


f a feria, forma. 


fa s falsus. 


fafrca fabrica. 


f as falsas. 


fab fabrica. 


fa* facit, faciat, faceret. 


fabc 1 fabricat. 


f ail re familiarem. 


faci 1 ' faciliter. 


isitfaciant. 


fac r faciliter. 


ica, facta. 


fac facias, faciendum, facit, 


iciafactis. 



factus. 
facltas facultas. 
faSe facere. 
f aSet faceret. 
f a dum faciendum. 
fa d ' faciendum, facundus. 
f a es fades. 
£ & gi\isfragilis. 
f&l&falda. 
f aMa? fa llacia. 
falta fallacia. 
fams famulus, 



fcla fercula. 
f cm factum. 
f CO /#<tf 0. 
fcs/acto. 
ict fecit. 
fcur 9 facturus. 
fcufs facturum. 
feb e febrem. 
f eb is febris. 
Febr Februarii. 
Feb Februarii. 
fee /ec/£, 



Latin Abbreviations, 



53 



fecit fecerit. 

fed fecundus, foedus. 

f e es febres. 

ie c febrem. 

feff feoffamentum. 

ie l afebris. 

iei&femina. 

f eie femince. 

fet felix, feliciter. 

fet recfelicis recordationis. 

femefr femella. 

f e mu t fremunt, fremuerunt. 

femifeminini. 

f e no freno. 

f e qci 9 frequentius. 

f e qt frequenter. 

iot^feria. 

f er yerrp, feria, ferrum, fert. 

iertferunt. 

f est festinando. 

f e* fecerunt, fecit, fecisset. 

fet /fec#. 

ff fabrieaverunt^feceruntj felices, 

feoffamentum, filii, fratres, 

fundaverunt. 
if feoffamentum. 
fi. fideli, fidimus. 
fi a figura. 
fi a bat figurabqtt. 
fi atu figuratum. 
fi a figuram. 
fiat finalis. 



fia r finaliter. 

f x b3 fratribus. 

fidei 9 oia fideiussoriam. 

fide r fideliter. 

fide s fidelis. 

fi e figurce, filial. 

fietfient. 

fiet fieret, fierent. 

fieJi y?m. 

fig a figura. 

figa figura. 

figa 1 " figuraliter. 

figat figuratum. 

figa figuram. 

figco figuratio. 

fige figura?. 

ft^ifiguli. 

fi 1 y£m. 

fi 1 ' fidelis, finalis. 

fi m filiurn. 

fi ma firma. 

f ^a firma. 

fm a i 9 firmarius. 

f 'matu firmatum. 

f 'mi* 6 firmitate. 

fin finalis. finis. 

fifii finiri. 

fi°filio. 

fir. fir miter. 

firifttu firmamentum. 

fir te firmitate. 

fir t0 firmamento. 



54 



The Record Interpreter. 



firre firmare. 

firtii firmatum, firmamentum. 

fi ta finita. 

fi te fidelitate. 

fl*' finitum. 

fi u fidelium. 

fixs fixus, 

£3 ^zm-s, finem. 

flat finalis. 

fia r finaliter. 

He fine. 

fie finem. 

f 1 feria, filius. 

f 1a figara. 

f la figuram. 

fibj finibus. 

fi&efrigidce. 

fie 1 ' finietur. 

filis fidelis. 

f 10S t /£/i0S. 

fis y?/ws, y£m*s. 
f ita£ finitarum. 

f ius 7^'ws. 
fiJ et fieret. 
ft i y?m. 
fla us /ate. 
flais flaminis. 
fle yfcrg. 
flor florenus. 
flu e flumine. 
flue fiumen. 
fluia flumina. 



flu m fluminum. 

flu 11 fiumen. 

flue fiumen. 

flui b ' fluminibus. 

fluis fluminis. 

flun fiumen. 

ft. falsum, filius, fiumen. 

ft a, falsa. 

f tariu falsarium. 

fisLsfalsas. 

f te falsce, felle. 

ftgensfulgens. 

fti falsi. 

f tis falsis, fatalis. 

f ti s falsitas. 

f titas falsitas, felicitas. 

fti te falsitate, felicitate. 

f tm falsum. 

f to /# /so. 

fto$ falsorum, famulorum. 

iYsfalsas, famulus. 

ft 9 falsus, famulus. 

f" 1 falsum. 

f n ^tte. 

i°f also, folio. 

f°ma forma. 

iomt f omentum. 

f °ntose frontose. 

for* forma. 

f oi^lis formalis. 

f oi^lit formaliter. 

f oi^tm formalem, formalium. 



Latin Abbreviations, 



55 



f 01*111 formam, forestam. 


f orlis formalis. 


f or a r formaliter. 


f orns 9 forensis, fonnsecus. 


f or a t format. 


f orsico forensico. 


for*t formatur. 


f ort m formatum. 


for ca forinseca. 


fort r formatur. 


for e forestce. 


for*' formaliter. 


for'cado fornicando. 


fort fortiter. 


f o^com fornication em. 


f o? forum. 


foodie formidine. 


fo£ ca forinseca. 


f oiMose formidolose. 


f o /fl/so, /esfo, folio, foras, foris. 


f or ine formidine. 


foa n foramen. 


ioi^s for mis. 


fr. francorum, franci. 


f or ius forestarius. 


f ragi tas fragilitas. 


form foramen, formam, forum. 


franc Francia, Francus, Fran- 


f or ne fornicatione. 


cigena. 


for formatio. 


francpi franciplegii. 


f or r formaliter. 


francpim franciplegium. 


forr formarem. 


fra taB fraternitas. 


fort fortibus. 


frat u et fratruelis. 


f orf /ons. 


fa&zf rater. 


f orf f c tu forisf actum. 


f rem fractum, fructum. 


f orf fee forisfecit. 


frcs fructus. 


f orfiudicaco forisjudicatio. 


freqnr frequenter. 


for§ for marum. 


freqt frequenter. 


for foresta, forestarius, forum. 


fngfrigidti8. 


fora foresta. 


f rigm frigidum. 


f orcai fornicari. 


fp jtis frigiditatis. 


f ordat formidat. 


irid&frigida. 


fore forma. 


frim frigidum. 


f orf cura forisfactura. 


fr issima frigidissimam. 


f orf ec forisfecit. 


frqt frequenter. 


fori foramini, formari. 


frum frumentarius,frumentum. 



56 



The Record Interpreter. 



fru nti frumenti. 

fr 9 t a frustra. 

f r feria, forum, francus, /rater, 

frequens, frumentum. 
fr as fratemitas. 
fxctHfractam. 
fret 9 fr 'actus, fructus. 
frctm fractum, fructum, furcil- 

latum. 
fres fratres. 
fre fratrem. 

fri fratri, freti, frumenti. 
frib 9 fratribus. 
f rif o na ferrifodina. 
frisfratris. 

frm frigidum, frumentum. 
frni tas fratemitas. 
frni^ fratemitatis. 
fros feriatos. 
f rq? frequenter. 
fruet fratruelis. 
fr us fructus. 
f* /«c^, yfccitf, y?tf, ,/witf. 
fiofuturo. 
f u ctu fructum. 
f u ct 9 fructus. 
fuert fuerunt. 
fugiti fugitivi. 
fug /w#« , fugitivus. 
f ugo? fugitivorum. 
Pifrui. 
f^co fruitio. 



f u i ne fruitione. 
fui 1 fuisset. 
f u meti frumenti. 
i^mnto frumento. 
f urat 9 furatus. 
f^t* frustra. 
fu fc /m£. 
fut m /^wrwm. 
fut r a/^wr«. 
fut r i./wfom. 
fut r is/wfoms. 
f ut r ni /wtfwrwm. 
futm/^wrwm. 
futs/w^wrws. 
f udaco fundatio. 
fuigo fumigatio. 
f u ,/%##. 
fuam/wenm. 
fuat/w0raw£. 
fuit/wmY. 
fuit/wmw£. 
fui 9 /wmmws. 
funt fuerunt. 
fiiut fuerunt. 
ff festum. 

f festum, foresta, fugitivus. 

fa fallacia, festa. 

fa 1 ' finalis. 

farius ferrcrius. 

fat r feratur. 

fat furatus. 



Latin Abbreviations. 



57 



fat frater. 
fceo f radio. 
fci fact i. 
fbit facit. 
fdkmfereulum. 
fc m factum. 
fc ne fractione. 
fc* fecit. 
fcta facta. 
fcto facto. 
fe factm. 
fefere. 
fer ,/Seri. 
if feoff amentum. 
fgi te frigiditate. 
f i ^m*. 
fia/ma. 

fiaco3 feriationem. 
fiefferiatur. 
f iar filiarum. 
fiaio, fer iata. 
fiat 8 dferiatus dies. 
fiis feriis. 
nisitfallat, 
f ll e fallacia. 
fli a fallacia. 
f lnget ferlingellus. 
f lo famulo. 
fingi ferlingi. 
fts famulus. 

fm falsum, feodum, festum, fir- 
mum. 



f ma, fir ma. 

fma nt0 firmamento. 

fmit fir miter. 

fm 11 fermentari. 

f mto fermento. 

fn forsan, forsitan. 

f nd& fer enda> fienda. 

fngt frangunt. 

fo fa/so, feodo. 

fod a i 9 feodarius. 

for furoris. 

fqt frequenter. 

fr frater. 

fra frigida. 

ft* feria. 

fr* 8 frigiditas. 

frb 9 fratribus. 

frde frigide. 

fre facer e, fratre. 

frem fratrem. 

freafratres. 

fre fratrem. 

frifratri, frumenti. 

fria,ferw. 

frib 9 fratribus. 

frie feria. 

frif o ne frrrifodinoi. 

friaf eriis. 

fri /en'tf . 

rrm feriam f fratrem, fratrum, 

frumentum. 
i rna fraternam. 



58 



The Record Interpreter. 



fro feretro, ferro, frumento. 


fto futuro. 


fr s fratres. 


f t r fertur. 


fruelis fratruelh. 


ft u r£ futuris. 


fru ferrum, fratrum, fr amen- 


ft? fratrum. 


tum. 


f^f rater. 


fraferia. 


f ude fraude. 


fs ferens^ fratres. 


f u ib3 fructibus. 


f tas firniitas. 


f um fumurn. 


ftifratri. 


f us fraus. 


ftih 9 f rat ribm. 


f u fervet. 


fti\ fertilis. 


f $ ferrum, fratrum. 


fUsfuturis. 


rruferrum. 



G. 



G400. 

g a en/a, gradus, gratia. 
gablat gablatores. 
g a b3 gradibus. 
gab gabulum. 
g a oa grammaticam. 
gallin gallinam. 
gait 0w//0, gallum. 
gat (/a/o. 
g*^ generaliter. 
g*m gratiam. 
g*m gramen. 
g a mis graminis. 



g a mneu gramineum. 

g^at 8 ! 9 granatarius. 

g a nd grandis. 

g a ngia grangia. 

g^uu granum. 

g a fi granum. 

gard gardaroba. 

g a s gratias. 

g a ticus grammaticm. 

g a ti ne gratitudine. 

g a ua grava. 

g a uab gravabat y gravabit. 

g a uam gravamen. 



La tin A bbrevia tions. 



59 



g a uare gravare. 


geit 9 genitus. 


g a uat 9 gravatus. 


gei? geminorum, genitorum. 


g a ui r graviter. 


geia gemina. 


g a ui? graviter. 


ge genus. 


g a £ gratiarum. 


gee #£Mfe. 


g a gratiam. 


g 1 igitur. 


g e genere, gratim. 


gigit gignitur. 


ge u genuit. 


Giltt 9 Gillebertus. 


geia gemina. 


girf girfalco. 


geld geldum, geldavit. 


giro giratio. 


geldb geldabat, geldabit. 


g is generis. 


ge le generate, gelide. 


gleba e glebale. 


ge m gentem, gentium. 


glo m glossam. 


g e man 9 germanus. 


glos a iu glossarium. 


gem geminus, gemitus. 


glo glossa. 


gefhb3 gemitibus. 


glo or gloriosior. 


ge ne generatione. 


glosus gloriosus. 


ge nis geminis, generations. 


gta gloria, glossa. 


gen generaliter, generality gene- 


gtat r gloriatur. 


rosuSy genuit. 


gta gloriam, glossam. 


genalis generalis. 


gtd geldum, gilda. 


gens geminis, generations, genius, 


gle glorias, glossa3. 


gentes, gerens. 


gtia gloria. 


geSaco generatio. 


gtifi glorificatio. 


geSm generum. 


gtifi 1 ' glorificatum. 


geo a geometria. 


gtifio glorificatio. 


gers gersuma. 


gio or gloriosior. 


g e ss 9 gressus. 


glose gloriosa 3 , gloriose. 


g e x #rac. 


gtosi te gloriositate. 


ge 9 genus. 


gtoss mo gloriosissimo. 


gei 1 gemini. 


gtosus gloriosus. 


gei res genitores. 


gtoi me gloriosissime. 



60 



The Record Interpreter. 



gn genius, genus. 


get gr actum. 


gna genera. 


ge gratia?. 


gnalis genera lis. 


ginat germinat. 


gnatr generaliter. 


gin 9 geminus, genuinus. 


gnari generari. 


gis generis. 


gne genere. 


git geritis. 


gfio generatio. 


gle generate* 


gns gentes. 


gt genera tis. 


g° ergo. 


gir generaliter. 


g oe generatione. 


gnabut r generabuntur. 


g ois gener ationis. 


gn b 3 gerentibus. 



g°ss 9 grossus. 
g r igitur. 

grat grates, gratus. 
g r b3 generibus, gradibus. 
gr gradus, gratia, igitur. 
gra gratia. 
gras gratias. 
gra gratia m. 
gre gratiee. 
grosus gratiosus. 
gurg gurges. 
g£ generis. 
g 9 genus, gradus. 
G 400000. 

g gaudium, geldum, genera, geni- 
us,genus,gilda,gratia,igitur. 
gbit generabit, gravabit. 
g b 3 gradibus, gravaminibus. 
goia gratia. 
gcii gracilis. 
gd 9 gradus. 



gn e genere. 

gn e osus generosus. 

gn e u generum. 

gngia grangia. 

gniti geniti. 

gn le generabile, generate. 

gn° generatio. 

gntib3 gerentibus. 

gnt gentes. 

gnut Ojw£, Canute. 

gii generet. 

giistf genistis. 

gS gener. 

gSa genera. 

gSa* generari. 

gSali generali. 

gSatr generaliter. 

gSa m generatum. 

gSa ma gener alissima. 

gSa generatio. 

gSa r generaliter. 



Latin Abbreviations, 



61 



gnSati generatim. 

gnlbr generabitur. 

gn!e genere. 

g3is generis. 

gSlis generalis. 

g3o gene-ratio, genero. 

gnloe generatione. 

g oe generatione. 

grose gloriose, gratiose. 

g r ' gratiarum. 

gs generis, gratias. 

gta grata. 

gta r gratanter. 

gtau gustavit. 

gti generati. 



gtl generatim, gradatim. 

gto grato. 

gt r generatur, igitur. 

gtii gratum. 

gt gratum. 

gtm genitwum. 

gts gentes. 

guam gravamen. 

guis gravis. 

gut r geruntur. 

g 9 gustus. 

g£ gratiarum. 

gi ^evx 

graan 5 germanus. 

gm' germen. 



H 



H. ducenti, habemus 


, habent, 


h a Aflc. 


habet, hac, hcec, heres, hems, 


hag hagce, hag as. 


hie, hoc, homo, 


honestus, 


haia haiam. 


hora, hujus, humilis, hun- 


halt hakeneius. 


dredum. 




ha r habetur. 


H. A. ^oc <m/»o. 




hast hast is. 


ha a Atata. 




ha? har am. 


hab habet, haberet. 




hac Aawc. 


babe habere, 




hag with hang wit ha. 



62 



The Record Interpreter. 



haet haberet. 


ho^ hominis. 


haits habitations. 


hoi u homicidium. 


handn? habundanter. 


hoim hominum. 


hbe habere. 


ho lis honor abilis. 


h c hac, hcec, hie, hoc, huic, hunc. 


ho m homine m, hominum. 


hd hundredum. 


hofhii homagii. 


hdr hundredum. 


hon b 3 honor abilibus. 


h. e. hoc est. 


hon les honorabiles. 


hereu a d herewceda. 


honor honorabilium. 


her heres. 


hon honorabilem. 


H. F. F. hoc fieri fecit., 


hon b9 honor abilibus. 


hh heredes. 


hon lia honorabilium. 


h. i. Ate invenies. 


hon 1 ^ honorabilis. 


Hierim Hierusa lem . 


h°° Aoc moofo. 


Hierust Hierusalem. 


ho r f honoris. 


hincin hincinde. 


hosp es hospites. 


Hirl Hierusalem. 


hosp ia hospitia. 


Hirlm Hierusalem. 


hosp te hospitatce. 


hi 9 hujusmodi. 


hospari hospitari. 


h. 1. Aw? /e#£, Aoc loco. 


hoss. hostes. 


H. M. ^oc monumentum, honesta 


host a ii hostarii. 


matrona, honesta mulier. 


ho te honestate, honesta?. 


h° hoc, homo, homicidio. 


ho? horum. 


ho. homo, hora. 


hoestf honestatis. 


ho a Aora. 


hoib 9 hominibus. 


hobedi'a obedientia. 


hoici m homicidwm. 


h°c 9 hoccus. 


hon hominum. 


ho e hodie, homine. 


hora or honorabilior. 


h oi hujusmodi. 


hori honor i. 


ho Ui honorabili. 


ho homo. 


hoi m hominum. 


hoci m homicidium, 


Jio is hominis, 


hoe homine, 






Latin Abbreviations, 



63 



hoes homines. 
hoi ho mini. 
hoim hominum. 
hoiu hominum. 
horn hominem, lioram. 
hor honor. 
hore honor em. 
hos horas. 
hrdes heredes. 
hua humanam. 
hui 9 hujus. 
hui 9 ceoi hujuscemodi. 
hui 9di hujusmodi. 
hui 9 modi hujusmodi. 
hui 9 mi hujusmodi. 
hu 1 ^ humilis. 
humt humilis. 
humtr humiliter. 
hundr hundr edum. 
huoi hujusmodi. 
hiia a humana. 
hua e humane. 
hiia m humanum. 
hua tc humanitate. 
huat 9 humatus. 
huai humani. 
huida humida. 
huil as humilitas. 
huilis humilis. 
huilla humillima. 
huitr humiliter. 
hui te humiditate. 



hiiore humor em. 
hua humana. 
huair habitualiter. 
hua humanam. 
hue humana?, humane. 
hui humidi. 
hiiior humid ior. 
hun 9 humanus. 
huoi hujusmodi. 
hye ab 3 hiemalibus. 
hyes hiems. 
hy 9 hymnus. 
h 9 hujus. 
h 9 c a les huscmies. 
h 9dl hujusmodi. 
h 9 i hujusmodi. 

ft habemus, habent, habet, hac, 
hwc, heres, herus, hie, hoc, 
homo, honestus, hora, hujus, 
humilis. 

ham 9 habenmus. 

hant habeant. 

hat habeat. 

hat r habeatur. 

hat habeant. 

hb habet, habebat. 

ftbe habere. 

he A#f, A#c> fomc. 

hc 9 ^ hucusque. 

hdib3 h&redibus. 

fiditat hcereditatem. 



64 



The Record Interpreter. 



hdr hundredum. 


het 1 ' habetur. 


hdu hceredum. 


h e t r haberetur. 


he habe, habere, heredibus. 


hetf habetis. 


tieat habeai. 


hezeld 9 herezeldus. 


heat habeant. 


he 9 habemus. 


tiebat habebat. 


he? heremitarum. 


hebit habebit. 


hes habemus. 


tieb 1 habebit. 


h ic Awic. 


hebut habebunt. 


hi di hujusmodi. 


hebr habebitur. 


hi do habitando, habitudo. 


fiebt habebat. 


hieta herieta. 


tie ' hcereticum. 


higta herigeta. 


heditag hereditagium. 


hi le habile. 


hed^f hereditatu. 


hilit d0 habilitando. 


hed tas hereditas. 


hit habilis. 


hed heredem, heredum. 


hinacoem hominationem. 


heds heredes. 


hi ne habitudinem. 


hedt^a hereditaria. 


hi or habilior. 


hemi 1 "' heremitarum. 


hita habita. 


hemit heremitis. 


hitag heritagium. 


hem 9 habemus. 


hit a ie hereditarie. 


hentes habentes. 


hita habitatio. 


heo habeo. 


hitare habit are. 


he r habetur. 


hitet habitent. 


here habere. 


hitio habitio. 


heri haberi. 


hit is habitualis. 


her 1 haberet. 


hit™ habitum. 


her habere. 


hit ne habitione, habitudine. 


hes habens, habes, heres. 


hit r m habit urum. 


hes hwresis. 


hitu habitu. 


h et haberet. 


hitu e habitudine. 


heticus hcereticus. 


hitu habitudo. 



La tin A bbr evict tions. 



65 



nitu habitum. 


lioib3 hominibus. 


fiitua habitura. 


liois hominis. 


tiitf habitantis, habitis. 


tior honor. 


tii^ habitations, habitis. 


nr habetur, Jiundredum. 


tii 9 hujus, hujusmodi. 


lire habere. 


fii 9 i hujusmodi. 


lire ia hereditaria. 


India 1 ' habitudinalis. 


firet haberet. 


fiim ' hujusmodi. 


are haberem. 


timii humilis. 


nri haberi. 


fim i hujusmodi. 


tirs /^res. 


fimo hujusmodi. 


Ilr 1 haberet. 


timoi hujusmodi. 


tirdi heredi. 


hin 9 habemus. 


tis habes, heres. 


fims habemus. 


tit habent, habet. 


fin a habentia. 


tiuai 1 ^ humanitatis. 


fincia habentia. 


nueit habuerunt. 


Undi habendi. 


fiui habui. 


tindu habendum. 


tiuisse habuisse. 


find habendum. 


Huit habuit. 


tins habens. 


tiui 9 hujusmodi. 


tin 8 habentes. 


tium humidum. 


lint habent. 


tiunt habuerunt. 


fcnti habenti. 


tiuat habuerat. 


fint r habentur. 


nult habuerint. 


tintf habentis. 


tiunt habuerunt. 


tioblis honorabilis. 


tiuo habuero. 


ti 01 hujusmodi. 


ti3 habent, habet. 


ti°i homini, hujusmodi. 


ti 9 hujusmodi. 



M. 



66 



The Record Interpreter. 



i. 



I. ibi, id est, idus, Jesus, 


igitur, 


idib 9 idibus. 


in, inferi, inferis, 


infra, 


idio*' idiomatum. 


ita, iterum, jussit. 




i. d. iud. m die judicii. 


i a ilia, infra, intra, ita, 


prima, 


I. D. N. in 2fe* nomine. 


unica, una. 




id 1 «tf £s£. 


iacta a jactantia. 




id 2 As. 


iac3 jacet. 




id iVfewi. 


iaJcit jacuit. 




idne indictione. 


iact jacet. 




ido liafeo. 


iamdcus jamdictus. 




i e &7fe, ?7te. 


ian janua, Januarii. 




iem Jesum. 


i a q itaque. 




igno a ignorantia. 


i a 3 primam. 




igno°am 9 ignoramus. 


i a f illarum. 




igno te ignobilitate. 


ia jam. 




ign turn's. 


i a primam. 




jgoa ignorantia. 


iadeo jamdicto. 




ig°mia ignominia. 


iap^de jampridem. 




ig°ra a ignorantia. 


ifcm ibidem. 




ig°rat ignorat. 


ibt e'foY, ibunt. 




ig°tus ignotus. 


I. C. Jesws Christus, juriscon- 


ig°t ignoranter. 


sultus. 




ig r igitur. 


ic j7/fic. 




ig igitur. 


id. eV/ws. 




igs igrm*. 


i d tV/wc?. 




i. h. y^ce^ Amj, invenies hie. 


I. D. /wssw Dei. 




Ihc. Jesus. 


idtfco idcirco. 




Ihertm Jerusalem. 


ide etfom. 




Ihtm Jerusalem. 



Latin Abbreviations. 



67 



Ihs. Jesus. 

II13 Jesum. 

Ihes Johannes. 

IM Jerusalem. 

Iohes Johannes. 

Iofri Johanni. 

i [ ibi. 

ij a secunda. 

Me ibidem. 

i*d ibidem. 

iij a tertia. 

iij es ^.9. 

iiij or quatuor. 

iiij tus quartus. 

iij us tertius. 

ij° rftto. 

IIX. ocfo. 

illa° illatio. 

illi 1 ' illicitum. 

illi 9 i7/*f&. 

illis eY/ms. 

illita m illimitatum. 

ill ^//o mo(/o. 

illu es illuminationes. 

illuia illuminatio. 

illd eV/ttrf. 

iltimus illegitimus. 

illatus illiteratus. 

im. immortalis, imperator. 

i m ^7/^«w, ^>sww > irrotnlatum., 

unum, mille. 
i. m. fa mrmw, fa manibus. 



imiutu imminutum. 
imp lis impossibilis. 

impp. imperatores. 

imp 11 imperiaU. 

impp imperpetuum. 

imp imperator, impermit, im- 
per ante, impetrant. 

imple impossibile. 

im imperator. 

imdo immundo. 

in. instantiam. 

i. n. fa nomine. 

inbri inbreviari. 

inc a ssfidu incrassandum. 

inci ns incidens, incipiens. 

inctur inclausura. 

incor le incorporate. 

incor^e incorruptible. 

inept incipit. 

incro incremento. 

ino 8 t incurrisset. 
inc incarnationisy incipit. 
incrnto incremento. 
incp incepit, incipit. 
incpnt incipiunt. 
incre incurrere. 
incrno incarnatio. 
ind. indictione. 
ind a indulgentia. 
indetabile indeclinabile. 
indi is individuis. 
indi 11 individual^ indivisibili. 
f2 



68 



The Record Interpreter. 



indi individao. 




int inlustris (illustris). 


i. n. D. % & 1 i. T. 


in nomine 


in 1 ifi /jftw. 


Dei et Sancta? et Individual 


in n. m nomine. 


Trinitatis. 




inn innocem, innocenter. 


ind inde, indebite, 


indictione, 


inobtoe in oblations. 


indus. 




in p. in pace. 


inda indulgentia. 




inp lis impossibilis. 


indffnt indifferenter. 




inpolis impossibilis. 


indm indifferent iam. 




inp lis impartialis. 


indra indifferentia. 




inppet imperpetunm. 


indrn r indifferenter. 




inp lis impossibilis. 


indrns indifferens. 




inp Pr impossib iliter. 


indm? indifferenter. 




inpo impositio. 


inei incequalis. 




inpoe impositione. 


inetnu in cternum. 




inq^co inquisitio. 


inew inewardus. 




mo^o inquisitio. 


inflo inflammation inflato. 


inq^ico inquisitio. 


infra ta infrascripta. 




inq^si t w^t* isitum . 


inf rat infrigidat. 




inq inquiratur. 


inf ta infrascripta. 




ins ciis instanciis. 


inf infract a. 




insot insolidum, insolutum. 


inff infortunium. 




insp c t r is inspecturis. 


infa r inferatur. 




inspect 85 inspecturis. 


infnus inf emus. 




inspi lie inspiratione. 



info infero. 
ing lis ingenerabilis. 
inhieo inhibitio. 
inhic'03 mi A t'6 /Y ionem . 
innens in hair ens, inhibens. 
inhilis inhabilis. 
iniun. injungentes. 
iniu in integrum. 



inspcoe inspections 
instam instantiam. 
instico institutio. 
inst h instrumentali. 
inst r ctus instructus. 
inst rt le instrument ale. 
instra instruments 
instris instrumentis. 



Latin Abbreviations. 



69 



instrm instrument urn. 
instro instrumento. 
instro? instrumentorum. 
inst instituta, institntiones. 
instnf institutionis. 
insr insuper. 
insit r imtritur. 
instu i riser turn. 
int a intra. 
int a co intratio. 
int a ns intrans. 
int a uit intravit. 
into 11 intelligit. 
inte le intelligibile. 
inte lia intelligibilia . 
intel re intelligerc. 
intel tr intelligitur. 
intel^at intellect ualis. 
inte m intellect urn. 
inte re intelligerc. 
inte s intellect its. 
inte 1 * iutendit. 
inte° in tent io. 
intege inteWgere. 
intern intellectual. 
int Ri intelligi. 
int 1 intelligi. 
int ib 3 intra ntib us. 
int 1 !! ' intrinsccum. 
intl 1 ' intellect ualis. 
inttti intelligi. 
int intro. 



int°it 9 introitus. 

int°m t to intromitto. 

int°scptu introscriptum. 

int 1 ' intratur, intelligitur. 

intropta introscripta. 

int u sit intrusit. 

int mfer, interest, intersit. 

int do intelligendo. 

inte m intellectum. 

int gi intelligi. 

intlig 1 ' intelligitur. 

intll ia intelligentia. 

intlli le intelligibile. 

intili intelligo. 

intlli intelligi. 

intlindfi intelligendum. 

iutltn c intelligent ice. 

intltur ivtelliguntur. 

intn ca intrinseca. 

intpoio interpolate. 

infp 1 ' intcrpretatur. 

int 1 ' intellectus, intellect is. 

int f'ftfer. 

intcal a i 3 int< rcatarius. 

int'ea^o intercalate. 

in?calarf m tercalaris. 

int'dco interdicto. 

intu interdum. 

intc interest. 

intee interesse. 

inrtco iuterfectio, interfecto. 

int'f c 9 //< tcrfect us. 



70 



The Record Interpreter. 



intfi8e interficere. 


ip ipsa, ipse. 


in^i 9 interim. 


ipa i/?.s'a. 


intp m interpretation. 


ipa^ ipsarum. 


int?polo interpolate. 


ipe 2/?se. 


in?po interpositio. 


ipi ipsi. 


in^pret 1 ' interpretatur. 


ipis ^);>s^s. 


intps interpres. 


ipi 5 ipsius. 


in?ps interpres. 


ipm ipsum. 


intpta inter pretatio. 


ip m m ipsummet. 


intpt ri interpretation. 


ipo ^/?.so. 


inuen 1 ' invenitur. 


ip°? ipsorum. 


inuenr invenitur. 


ips «)?.S'/s. 


inu m inventarium. 


ip3 ipsum. 


inucio invcncio. 


irra 11 irrationali. 


mue innuere. 


jppb* irregularibus. 


inociie innoeentiw. 


irre a ritas irregularitas. 


ifioiat 9 innominatus. 


irret 1 ' irretitur. 


in inde, integrum. 


irret 9 irretitus. 


ifit-i incontinenti. 


irre 1 ' irregularitatis. 


ifiu a insula. 


irreuobi 1 ' irrevocabiliter. 


iiixe incomplete, innixe. 


irres irregulares. 


i° ideo, illico, Mo, primo. 


irrit a i irritari. 


i°u° primo nocturno. 


irritat 1 irritatur. 


iod jocundus. 


irri te irregularitate. 


Ioti Johannes. 


irr°alis irrationalis, irrationabilis 


i°° Mo modo. 


irris irregularis. 


i°$ illorum. 


irrs irregularis. 


Ioes Johannes. 


i r> illorum. 


Iois Johannis. 


istim 1 istimet. 


1. p. IM ^?tf6*£. 


istim3 istimet. 


ip a ?/2.S'#. 


ist Ztflttt/. 


ip c ?/>6'0. 


i td «s^<£ 



Latin Abbreviations. 



71 



iter iterum. 


iusti justificatio. 


i t[ isti. 


iuuae juvamine. 


itid it idem. 


iuu e juvare. 


jtus infrascriptus. 


iuu juvat, juvabat. 


it item. 


iu.x a juxta. 


it d ' item notandum. 


iua jura. 


ita 1 ' iterabUis. 


iiiata jurata. 


itari iterari. 


iuat°es juratores. 


itm iterum. 


iue jwre. 


iudic u judicaverit. 


iuore junior e. 


iudicit' judich liter. 


I. X. Jesws Christus. 


iudi m judicium. 


i 9 Jesus, jus, illius, unius, primus. 


iudi judicio. 


i 9 sti a justitia. 


iud m judicium. 


i 9 tia justitia. 


iud° judicio. 


i 9 tifi° justificatio. 


iud r judicialiter. 


i 9 t 9 Justus. 


iudi judicium. 


I «6«, itf es£, igitur, in . 


iudatr judicialiter. 


I a w*/>«, m^ra. 


iudi judicari. 


I a primam. 


iudm judicium. 


ibriare inbreviare. 


i n e ,/Vre. 


Io a 8atu incarceratum. 


iugywgww. 


Ie a n°ne incarnationem. 


iv or quatuor. 


icarfi incarnationis. 


iura m juramentum, juratam. 


icar incarnationem. 


iura to juramento. 


Ic a r s incarnationis. 


iur. cHoi juris canonici. 


Ic a r incarnationis. 


iur fc jurisdictionem. 


Ich°co inchoatio. 


iurdco jurisdictio. 


Ichacori inchoatione. 


iuriur jurejurando. 


icFa inclinatio. 


ius°$ justUiariorum. 


icl 80 incluso. 


iussit jusserit. 


Ictom inclinationem. 


iust a justitia. 


lets inclusio. 



72 



The Record Interpreter. 



let* includit. 


idrent indifferenter. 


Icorp les incorporates. 


idrnti indifferenti. 


Icor*' incorporatum. 


le ire, jure. 


Icorp les incorruptibiles. 


letyat inebriant. 


Icopa or incomparabilior . 


let incequalis. 


Icoti r incontinenter. 


le w*es£. 


Ic r ia incuriam. 


lee inesse. 


Icat 9 incusatus. 


lelia inwqualia. 


led incommodum. 


If a tf0YT. 


Icjes inconveniens. 


If a cta infracta. 


Ic;i ta incognita. 


Ifc m infectum. 


Ie,o te incommoditatem. 


Ifcom infectionem. 


Icjtia incontinentia. 


Ifctu infectum. 


Id ^7/M^. 


Ifi 1 ' infidelis. 


Ide ibidem. 


Ifi m infinitum. 


Idep te indempnitate. 


Ifi*' infinitum. 


Idi a individua. 


Iflu a influentiam. 


Idid individuo. 


If to inflammatio. 


Idign a indigentia. 


If°dac°ne infeodatione. 


Tdigfi indigentia , indignus. 


If°maeo informatio. 


Idigco indignatio. 


Ifor ifl infortunium. 


idign a indigentia. 


Ifort 1 ' informatur. 


Idi is individuis. 


Ifra to infrascripto. 


Idi le indivisibile. 


Ifrare infrigidare. 


Idi 1 ' indivisibilis. 


Ifu° c infusione. 


Idi° individuo. 


If infra, infracta. 


Idiom tn divisioncm. 


Ifcom infectionem. 


Ididua individua. 


Ifct infectum. 


I do m dominio. 


Ifite infinite. 


Idu 1 inducit, induit. 


Ifmis infirmis. 


Idu tQ indumentum. 


Ifos inferos. 


Id eWe. 


Ifstm infrascriptum. 



Latin Abbreviations. 



73 



Ift r infertur. 

ig a rdos inguardos. 

Igd r ingreddur. 

Igtus incognitus. 

Ihico inhibitio. 

Ihi do inhabitando, inhibendo. 

Ihitao inhabitatio. 

The inhcerere. 

itiet inhceret. 

Ihiles inhabiles. 

Itiitafi inhabitantes. 

I 1 m/fo*. 

Pea 16 incommunicabile. 

Ii cl inimici. 

ii cle inimicitice. 

licio initio. 

liciu initium. 

Pes inconveniens. 

Pns inconveniens. 

lint m integrum. 

Iiq a iniqua. 

liq 1 iniqui. 

ii r ia injuria. 

litu initum. 

Tito initio. 

Iiur a injuria m. 

liur injuriisy injuriatus. 

Ii 9ia injustitia. 

Ii 9 te injuste. 

Ii m&f. 

Ime te immediate. 

Irae tu immediatum. 



Ime*' immediatim. 

Imori immemoriali. 

imu 1 ' immutabilis. 

Imu° immutatio. 

Imle immateriale. 

imt immaterialis. 

Ifhsi te immensitate. 

Imsu immensum. 

imge immerge. 

imsu immersum. 

Inocn a innocentia. 

I ns inconveniens. 

mumis innumeris. 

io eafeo. 

loq ideoque. 

Ipedi m impedimentum. 

ipedi tu impedimentum. 

Iped impedientem. 

Ipedcoe impeditione. 

Ipedr impeditur. 

ipe r 3 impediret. 

Ipe t0 impedimento. 

ipet°ne impetitione. 

Ipetns impetrans. 

Iped e impendere. 

Ip l mf imprimis. 

Iptit a i implacitari. 

Tptit implicita. 

ipo a impotentia. 

Ipo c impossibile, impotentice. 

ipo 1 ' impossibilis. 

Ipor et importaret. 



74 



The Record Interpreter. 



Iport imported. 

Ipo tas imposdbilitas. 

Ipo impotentia. 

Ipoa impotent ia, impoaitu, 

Ipo 1 imponitur. 

Ipu a ri imputari. 

ipu d ' imputandum. 

Ipugtos impugnatores. 

Ipu* imputat. 

ipf c coe imperfectione. 

Ipfcus imperfect uh. 

Ipsotr impersona liter. 

Ipt imperat. 

ipta m importatum. 

Iptat importat. 

Iptiri impertiri. 

Ip e impossibile. 

Ip le impossibile. 

IpP impossibilis. 

Ipme imp rime. 

Ipo impositio. 

Ips imprimis. 

Ip x i inspexi, incomplexi. 

Ipssioe impressione. 

Ipssom impressionem. 

Ipp^ impropric. 

Ippare impropriare. 

Ipss improbasset. 

Iq e itaque. 

Iq m iniquam, inquam. 

iq inquam, inquit, itaque. 

Iqna r inquinatur. 



Iseq r insequitur. 

Isp c to inspecto. 

Ispco m inspect ionem. 

Is 1 mseV. 

Ist a instituta. 

Istaci 9 instantius. 

Isti ne institutions. 

Isfrto^ institutorum. 

Istr a instrumenta. 

Istris instrumentis. 

Istro instrumento. 

Ist u et r instrueretur. 

Ist u m instrument am. 

Ist u mettr instrumentaliter. 

Ist um ta instrumenta. 

Ist uoe um tructionem . 

Ist u ' t0 £ instrumentorum. 

Isto institutio. 

ist 11 instrumenti. 

Issi le insensibile. 

It a i»lm. 

Ite a intelligent ia. 

Ite d0 intelligendo. 

Ite e inielligentiai. 

Iteg a lit integraliter. 

Ite g ' intelligitur. 

ite i<; intelligit. 

Itel da intelligenda. 

Ite r intelligitur. 

Ite 8 intellectus. 

Ite* interest. 

Ite u intellectu. 



Latin Abbreviations. 



75 



Ite bat intendebat. 


Ttllige intelligere. 


Iteco intentio. 


Itllx intellexit. 


Ite° intensio. 


Itltia intelligeniia. 


Itfcs interfectm. 


itnd t intends* 


Itfic interficit. 


ito initio. 


Itf interfuit. 


It r intelligitur. 


It ff ' e intelligere. 


I trogo zh terrogatio . 


It igi intelligi. 


Itse intrinsece. 


Itfncus intrinsecus. 


it xit intellexit. 


Itltr intelligitur. 


I? infer. 


it nd> intelligendum. 


Itdca inter dicta. 


i t0 inife. 


I?d* interdict. 


It°d c tu introductum. 


Itdu interditm. 


It°dux introdaxit. 


ltd interdum. 


it°itu introitu. 


I?ddo interdicendo. 


It°it 9 introitm. 


Itee interetse. 


It^rr^at intromittat. 


Itessen a interessentia. 


Wwft? intromittere. 


Itept 9 interemptm. 


I tot intonat. 


Itfcs interfectm. 


Itr ac intrarem. 


Itfic interficit. 


it re intelligere. 


Itf interfuit. 


It 1 ' 1 intelligent. 


Iti 9 interim. 


Itr uitrare, intraret. 


Itptt a e interpellate. 


It s &&*. 


itpol a inter polata. 


it t9 intellectus. 


Itpolo interpolatio. 


it u intellect u. 


Itpoe interponere. 


it u sit intrusit. 


i?poita^ inter podtarum . 


It 9 m£&e. 


Itpo interpositio. 


It interest. 


Itpr interpretatur. 


Itgle integrate. 


ltptare interpretare. 


Itllcm intellectum. 


itptaco iuterpretatio. 


Itlli e intelligere. 


Itpti interpreti. 



76 



The Record Interpreter. 



Itrup c interrumpere. 


ic illic. 


Itutliete inter veniente. 


id Mud. 


Ituetu interventu. 


ide ibidem. 


iu a s t invasit. 


id inter dum. 


lueies inveniens. 


lia injuria. 


lueies invenies. 


10 /oteo. 


iueit r incenitur. 


loq ideoque. 


Iuo e invocationem. 


ire jure. 


lunt 9 inventus. 


is idibus. 


I xa incomplexa. 


i 9 minus. 


I 9 minus. 


v am t jur amentum. 


1 ibi, id est, igitur. 


V2X j ur amentum. 


ia£ illarum. 





E. 



K. caput, decern, kalendarum, 


kida$ kalendarum. 


kalcndas, kalendis. 


kt n Kyrie eleison. 


katn kalcndas, kalendis. 


ktil kalcndas, kalendis. 


kar e care nee. 


ktrii kalendarum.. 


kartla cart u la. 


kts kalcndas, kalendis. 


kartlariu cartularium. 


K ifltftftf, to^r/ {carta). 


kar carcna. 


kimus carissimus. 


karm 9 carissimus. 


ki mus carissimus. 


kated cathedra. 


km carissimum. 


kaissl 3 carissim us. 


kmus carissimus. 


kiii tc car ita tern. 


krmus carissimus. 


kai tis caritatis. 


krms carissimus. 


kl. kalcndas, kalendis. 


Rr carissimi. 


ktas kalcndas. 


Rrimi carissimi. 


kta^ kalendarum. 


krm carissimum. 



Latin Abbreviations. 



77 



L. 



L. lectio, libro, lihris, licet, quin- 


lb. #6rtf, ft&gr. 


quaginta, vel. 


lc. lucrum. 


l a litem, quinquaginta, quinqua- 


lco too. 


gesima. 


Id laudes. 


l a literam, quinquagesimam. 


led levandum. 


lac lacu. 


leg. leg at us, legio. 


lacti lacerti. 


legatar legataria, legatarius. 


la do latitudo. 


leg legitime. 


lag. lagemannus. 


legit legitime. 


laia lanina. 


legia legitima. 


la m latum. 


leg mus legitimus. 


lapis lapidis. 


leg r legitur. 


lat'a later a lia, latria, latrina. 


legHio legitimo. 


latibm latihulum. 


leg legalis, legem. 


latin latinarius. 


leguuit legrewita. 


latft latitat. 


le me legitime. 


lat ne latitudinem. 


leps fejirosus. 


lat°ci u latrocinium. 


le r legitur ■. 


lat°i /«fon. 


lest festa, kstagium. 


lat°n latronum. 


leui mo lecissimo. 


lat°us latomus. 


leu km. 


lat /afc/, latitudo. 


lg longus, longitudo. 


latt latrat. 


li a #ma. 


laud: laudes, laudibus. 


li a lineam. 


lau laudes. 


lib a s libras. 


laublis laudabilis. 


liber liberate, liberations. 


laulis laudabilis. 


libnr libenter. 


layc laicus. 


lib /iter, liberata, libra. 


ladgab landgabulum. 


liba libera. 


laprid lamprida. 


liba° liberatio. 



78 



The Record Interpreter. 



libat 1 ' liberator, Uberatur. 

liba liber am. 

lifte libera;, libere, libra*. 

lifellus libellus. 

lifetr liber aliter. 

libm libcrum, librum. 

libns libens. 

libo libero, libro. 

libo£ liberorum, librorum. 

libs libras, libros. 

libtas libertas. 

lib te libertate. 

lib tis libertatis. 

liceil lieentia, licentiatus. 

lici in licitum. 

lie fe£, licitum. 

licia lieentia. 

lien lieentia. 

li e /efore. 

li 1 /tJm". 

lin lieentia. 

li° quinquagesimo primo, libro. 

liquitia liquiritia. 

liqat liqueat. 

li tas libertas. 

li te libertatem. 

littas litteras. 

li tum licitum. 

li 1 ' licitus, licitum. 

lit libera. 

lira litem. 

lig a lingua. 



li /$er, #6ra, librata, libro. 

limaco legitimatio. 

limus legitimuH. 

lio ##ro. 

lita legitima, limita. 

11. libentissimo, libcri, Uberti, li- 

bertatibus. 
lnia lieentia. 

lo. /octf, locutio, loquitur. 
1° quinquagesimo. 
lo a t localiter. 
loc a i locari. 
loca r localiter. 
locu 1 ' loquuntur. 
locut 9 locutus. 
loco locutio. 

lo de longitudo, loquendo. 
lo e longce, longe. 
log ca logica. 
lot localis. 
lotr localiter. 
lo m locum. 
lo ne longitudine. 
long me longissime. 
longa longceva. 
lo nu longitudinum. 
lo° /oco. 
loq a loquentia. 
loq a r loquar. 
loqur loquitur. 
loqla loquela. 
loqr loquar, loquor. 



Latin Abbreviations. 



79 



loqt r loquitur. 

lo r localiter, loquitur. 

lorim a i 9 lorimarius. 

lo ur loquitur. 

ldglq a longinqua. 

log 9 longus. 

lone locutionem. 

lot loca liter. 

lr litem, Uteris. 

Ira litera. 

lrm literam. 

Irs liter as. 

l ta quinquaginta. 

1. t. s. /?#m tenementi sui. 

ltme legitime. 

ltm 9 legitimus. 

lu. luerandum. 

lu a to#. 

luc a /wcra, luerandum. 

luc^d: luerandum. 

lue m lucrum. 

luca lucentia. 

lucbr lucrabitur. 

luctie lucrative. 

lud r luditur. 

ludr luditur. 

lum lumen, luminare. 

lu n lumen. 

lupu luparum. 

lupn a £ lupanaris. 

lux a luxuria. 

lux luxuria. 



lue lumen. 
luie lumine. 
luim luminum. 
lui si luminosi'. 
lui lumini. 
luie lumine. 
luimagr ludimagister . 
luis luminis. 
I3 /fce£. 
L 5000a 

t /ecfo, /*6ro, ££6rcs, /?VW, littere, 
luerandum, vel. 

lea fccta. 
teis /ec/&. 
too? lectorum. 
les lectus. 
leulo lectulo. 
leura lectura. 
le r ligetur. 
Igis fegris. 
tgtime legitime. 
ti. &'6rfl, librata. 
tie legitime. 
lime legifane. 
lis legitimis. 
iiras literas. 
tm litigationem. 
tmus legitimus. 
tfh lumen. 
tr legitur. 
tra /tfera. 



80 



The Record Interpreter. 



lra r literaliter. 
ire licere, Uteres. 
tribus latoribus. 
iris Uteris. 
trs litems. 
tr u literati. 
tr litem, Uteris. 



irat 9 literatus. 
it /$#£, 0/##. 
itimus legitimus. 
ttle legitime. 
itis legit imis. 
tx te. 



M. 



M. magister, mag (stratus, mane- 
rium, manibiiSy marcas, 
maritus, marmor, martyris, 
mater, materia, matrimo- 
•nium, matutinum, maximus, 
mea, met, memor, memoria, 
menses, mensis, meritus, 
mihi, milia, miliaria, mille, 
millesimo, minus, minuta, 
missus, meerens, mcerenti, 
moneta, monumentum, mors, 
mortuus, mulier, munici- 
pium. 

ma. manet, Maria, materiam. 

m a marca, Maria, materia, mea, 
milia, mina, minuta. 

ma a mara. 

macla macula. 

ma e materia?, Maria?. 

mag do magnitudo. 

mag^e magnificentia?, magnitu- 

dine. 
mag^es magnitudines. 
mag 1 *? magnitudinem. 



mag 1 fieri magnificentia. 

mag^en* magnificentia. 

mag^is magnitudinis. 

mag ne magnitudine. 

mag magis, magnus, and its 

cases. 
magf ia magnificentia. 
magr magister. 
magro magistro. 
mai°e majore. 
mai s majus. 
ma let ' r maculetur. 
m a li manuali, materiali. 
m a ir mater ialiter. 
ma m manifestam. 
man. mandamus. 
man mS> mandamus. 
manuc manucaptor. 
man 9 manus. 
man mandamus, manum. 
mantf mandatis. 
ma r materialiter. 



Latin Abbreviations, 



81 



marcfi marchio. 

marc marca, marcata. 

ma ret maneret. 

ma vi magistri, manifestari. 

ma ro ri~i magistrorum. 

m a ro|; magistrorum. 

Mart Martini, Martis, Martyris. 

mar?is Martyris. 

mar mara, mare, mariscus, mari- 

tus, martyr. 
maseis masculus. 
ma te manente. 
mat io matrimonio. 
matfs matris. 
ma tis mandatis. 
m a tis martis. 

raat m matrem, matrimonium . 
ma tu mandatum. 
mat mater, matris. 
mat?a matertera. 
ma u mann. 
max a maxima. 
max e maxime. 
maxx. maximi. 
max maximus, maxime. 
m a minam. 
madaii mandantes. 
mud c d manducandum. 
mai do manifestando. 
mai m manifestum. 
maipl manipulus. 
mai re manifestare. 
M. 



mai ta manifesta. 

mai^' 1 manifestari. 

ma tum mandatum. 

mauc manucaptor. 

maufntes manumittens. 

mauteatis manuteneatis. 

ma. mandantes. 

maie Marice. 

ma la maeulam. 

mali materiali. 

malf materialis. 

mam materiam. 

mas materias. 

M. B. memorice bonce. 

Mcc. w*7/e ducenti, millesimo 

ducentesimo. 
M.D. medicine doctor. 
m e Marice, materia?, memoriae, 

mille. 
me a medicina, memoria. 
me am memoriam. 
me b 3 mcdiantibus. 
me da memoranda. 
medie s medietas. 
med na medicina. 
med re mediatore. 
med te mediante. 
medt medicamentum. 
me e ;«er<?. 
me ls mereberis. 
mela cl melancholici. 
melacot melancholia. 

G 



82 



The Record Interpreter. 



melt mellis. 

me m medium. 

memo? memorandum. 

mem 1 * mentor, meremnr. 

mem memoriam. 

me na tnedicina. 

menb? membris, membrum. 

me ne medicina 3 . 

mens mensem, mensuram. 

me nte mec (iante. 

me° medio. 

me°ria memoria. 

meo? meorum. 

me°? meliorem, meliorum. 

me r meretur. 

meridion meridionali. 

mes. mensibus. 

me te mediate, mediante, medietate. 

met°po u metropolitanum. 

me l f medietatis. 

meco meneio. 

meo a memoria. 

meo dum memorandum. 

meora a memoranda, memorata. 

meor le memoriale. 

meora memorata. 

mes mensis. 

mea r mereaft/r. 

meis melius. 

mei 9 melius. 

mefrx meretrix. 

met r meretur. 



metci meretrici. 

mg magis. 

mgro magistro. 

m l wrf, m/Af. 

mi a minima. 

mia lQ miraculo. 

mial' mirabilis. 

miao miraculo. 

Micfrem Michaelem. 

Micnis Michaelis. 

mi di minuendi. 

mi le meridionals 

milleio millesimo. 

mill* millesimi. 

mill millesimo. 

millimo millesimo. 

millo millesimo. 

mil millesimo. 

mil #m7is, miliario. 

mi m minimum. 

min 9 minus. 

m 1 ^ mihique. 

mir mirabiliter, mirifice, mirum, 

miser icorditer. 
m is magis, marcis, meis, modis. 
miscdia misericordia. 
mis du ministrandum. 
mise 1 ' miseretur. 
mis ia miser icordiam. 
miss missa, missis, missum. 
m^nt ministrant. 
m'sSio ministerio. 



Latin Abbreviations. 



83 



mis misit. 

misa miseram, miseriam. 

miscda misencm^dia. 

misc°s misericors. 

miscdi misericordi. 

mis h. ex. f . misit hcec extra fir- 
mam. 

mis ia miseria. 

mis I m. misit in manerium. 

n^us minus. 

n^ut minuta. 

mio^ minorum. 

miut 9 minutus. 

mi 9 minus. 

ml minimus, minus, minuta, 
miseri. 

mia miser icordia. 

miabilit miserabiliter. 

miam misericordiam. 

mias misericordias. 

midi misericordi. 

midi? miser icorditer. 

miG minima, miser icor dice. 

mienta munimenta. 

mim 9 minimus. 

miors misericors. 

mist a ndo ministrando. 

mist a nt ministrant. 

mist 1 ministri. 

mistrare ministrare. 

mistr ministris. 

mistto ministratio. 



mis? minister. 

misrio ministerio. 

ML. malum. 

m le materialem. 

M.M. martyres, memento mori, 

memoria,meritissimus,mmt- 

issimus, monumentum. 

m m manifestum, materiam, meum. 
m mo m m es i m0t 

mns r a mensura. 

mo. modus, mota, motus, movet, 

movetur. 
m° meo, modo, millesimo, matri- 

monio. 
mo a monasteria. 
mo a c 9 monachus. 
mo b 3 moralibus, morbus, motibus. 
mod modis. 
m° e. modo episcopi. 
m°i modi. 
moicoe monitione. 
moTalis monialis. 
moiton monitione. 
mold moldra, moldera. 
mo 1 ' mobilis. 
mot molestia. 
motions molendinorum. 
mo m modum, morem, mover em, 

monitum. 
monet monetarius. 
mon 118 monasteriis. 
monu tu monumentum. 
g2 



84 



The Record Interpreter. 



mon monasterium, moneta, 

monachi, moniales. 
mondi monendi. 
monst monasteriis. 
mor. mortis. 
mor* morina. 
mora te moralitate. 
mora ter moraliter. 
mo re monstrare. 
mo rii monasteriL 
mo rio monasterio. 
mor 1,r mortaliter. 
mor os mortuos. 
mor mora, more, morina, mortem, 

mortis. 
morlis mortalis. 
morlis mortalitas. 
mo s modius. 
m os modos. 
m°tat mortalis. 
mou r moventur. 
mo u motum. 
moialis monialis. 
moitoio monitorio. 
most monstra. 
modu movendum. 
moe more, 
moi modi. 
moia monaster ia. 
moio monasterio. 
mois modis. 
mom monasterium. 



morii monasterii. 

morio monasterio. 

morii modorum. 

mostiu monasterium. 

most'm monasterium. 

mo? modorum, majorum. 

m r magister, mater, materialiter, 

multipliciter. 
m r a mara. 
m re matre. 

m ri8 matris, majoris, martyris. 
mr martii, martyr. 
m s marcas. 
MT. mater. 
m ta multa. 
mHi mt'£& 
mte mitt ere. 
muie munimine. 
multiptr multipliciter. 
multi" multiplicari. 
multi*' multipliciter. 
mu p mutabilis. 
nmrJe munere. 
mu° mutatio. 
mu oe mutatione. 
mur mutaret. 
mu 1 ' mutatus. 
mut mutatus. 
muicipli municipali. 
mfricom munitionem. 
mu r mutatur 
muri mutari. 



La tin A bbrevia tions. 



85 



m x multiplex. 


nig^u 6 magnitudine. 


m 9 mandamus, manus, mos. 


nignis magnis. 


M manerium, mille, milia. 


frig magister. 


mdax mendax. 


fhg r magister. 


iridic 9 medicus. 


mgrat magistratum. 


mdiu medium. 


nigt magnificat. 


m. f. manerium francum. 


miali matrimoniali. 


m. h. manerium hoc. 


miis matrimoniis. 


in. T; b. manerium et berewica. 


mio matrimonio. 


m malo, manerium, manus, 


mis meis, muris. 


misericordia, morte, mul- 


mia misericordia. 


tones. 


ffilc mulcet. 


m ali manuali. 


mle mfl/e. 


inb a membra. 


mle materialem. 


mtys membris. 


ml e |5 mulierum. 


mb° membro. 


mli material' 


mbra membra. 


mlib3 materialibus. 


mbro membro. 


mlier mulier. 


fhbr membro. 


mlis materialis. 


mb? membrum. 


EQH3 militem. 


mces merces. 


mli^ mulierum. 


mcii Marcii. 


miles mulieres. 


mois marcis. 


ml ns multotiens. 


mcurii Mercurii. 


mlta multa. 


mdax mendax. 


mlti ca multiplica. 


nidi mundi. 


mlti ca ' r multiplicantur. 


md no mundano. 


mlti ce,i multiplicemini. 


nido mundo. 


mlti e multitudinem. 


fhd mundum. 


mltilo multiloquio. 


me medietate, mille. 


mlti multitudo. 


mgaitis margaritis. 


mlti oe multimode, multiplicatione 


mg is magnitudinis. 


mlti°m multiplicationem. 



86 



The Record Interpreter, 



mltip do multiplicando. 
niltipir jnultipliciter. 
mlti r multipliciter. 
mltis multis. 
mlti* 1 multiplicati. 
mltitd m multitudinem. 
mlti x multiplex. 
mltoc multoties. 
mltoii multones. 
mltope multopere. 
mltu multum. 
mlt multum, multis. 
m 1 ' materialis, mentalis. 
mt milliaria. 
mta multa. 
mte? mulierum. 
mtm multum. 
mto multo. 

mir materialiter, mulier. 
mtri mulieri. 
mm matrimonium. 
m mo millesimo. 
mma murmura. 
mmiatr matrimonialiter. 
mmu e r murmuretur. 
mndi mundi. 
mnr manerium. 
mns r a mensura. 
mo ?ra£0, monasterio. 
mos tw^gs, modo8. 
mr mdgister, mater. 
mra momtra. 



mrare monstrare. 

fhrari monstrari. 

mrau monstravit. 

mrcet marcet. 

mrcti marchio. 

mrc marca. 

mrcit marcescit. 

fnre matre. 

mre matrem. 

fnres martyres, matres. 

mri magistri, martyri, matri, 

monstrari. 
mri b 3 matrimonialibus. 
mrices matrices. 
rhrice matricem. 
mrii martyrii. 
rnri le matrimoniale. 
fhri° matrimonio. 
mris magistris, martyris, matris. 
m ris majoris.^ 
mriu martyrium. 
mrIo m matrimonium. 
mrlo matrimonio. 
miio*' matrimonialiter. 
mrioi 11 matrimoniali. 
fhrloio matrimonio. 
mrm martyrium, martyrum, 

matrem, matrimonium. 
fhrna materna. 
fnro magistro. 
mrona matrona. 
mrt martyris. 



Latin Abbreviations. 



87 



mrfi martyrum. 


mtom mentionem. 


mr? mar car um. 


mt* mittit. 


mr martyr. 


mto mentio. 


mrs marcas, martyris, mors. 


mx a mixta, maxima. 


ms majestas, materias, mens, 


mx e maxime. 


mensis, mens. 


mxi s maximis. 


mstrat monstrat. 


mchetf mcrchetis. 


mstra menstrua. 


mcu" Mercurii. 


msur mensura. 


mc marca, marcata. 


msa mensura. 


mcii Mercurii. 


msa mensuram. 


midion meridionalis. 


fntaco mutatio. 


mito merito. 


intat 1 * mutatur. 


mito a meritoriam. 


inta*' mentaliter. 


mito e meritoriai, meritorie. 


mte mentem. 


mitor* meritoria. 


mted mittendus. 


mit meritis. 


mtiri mentiri. 


mleg merlengis. 


mtit 9 mentitus. 


niu 1 meruit. 


mtit mentitum. 





N, 



N. emw, natus, nee, nepos, nep- 
tis, nimis, nisi, nobilis, nobis, 
nomen, nomine, non, nona- 
ginta, nonas, noster, nota, 
notum, Novembris, nullus, 
numini. 



n a natura, nostra, nota, nulla. 

n a alis naturalis. 

11*111 naturam. 

narr narratur. 

narro narratio. 

nas8et r nasceretur. 



88 



The Record Interpreter. 



na te nativitate. 


necn necnon. 


n a te 9 nullatenus. 


necas necessitas. 


na tis nativitatis. 


nece necesse. 


natiu t,s nativitatis. 


necee necesse. 


natiat s nativitatis. 


necie necessarian, necessarie. 


natio nativo. 


neciis necessariis. 


nat r a naturam. 


nec ite necessitate. 


nat natalis, nativitas. 


nee 1 *' necessitatis. 


nate natural. 


nec m necessarium. 


nats nativus. 


neco necessarie 


nat te nativitate. 


necs necesmrius, necessitas. 


nauib3 navibus. 


nectf necessitatis. 


nau ile navigabile. 


ne d ' negandum. 


nauiu navium. 


ned: nedum. 


nau 92 am. 


negtia negligentia. 


naura natura. 


negtnt negligunt. 


naa wafo. 


neg negotiis, negotium. 


nat naturalis. 


nega negotia. 


nam naturam. 


negat negotiat. 


nb wofos. 


neg do negando, negotiando. 


n c wee, mwmc. 


negm negotium. 


n c ne necne. 


nego negotio. 


n c no necnon. 


ne mi nemini. 


ncca necessaria. 


nem nemus. 


n. e. wow tfstf. 


ne° negatio, negotio. 


n e naturce, necesse, neque. 


ne oib 3 negationibus, nemoribus. 


nec ate necessitate. 


neq a q a nequaquam. 


necc a necessaria. 


neq neque. 


nec ib 3 necessitatibus. 


neqo nequeo. 


nec ie necessaries, necessarie. 


neq > neque. 


nec ite necessitate. 


ne r negatur. 


nec m necessarium. 


nesci a nescientia. 



La tin A bbrevia tions. 



89 



nesc nesciunt. 
ne te necessitate. 
ne ua negativa. 
ne ue negative. 
ne u ' negativum. 
neu neuter. 
neinf neminis. 
neie neminem. 
neo wewo. 
ne neque. 

neandu negandum. 
nei nemini. 
nent negant. 
neri negari. 
neti m negativum. 
neti u negativum. 
net r negatur. 
n 1 mAt7, m-9?. 
nichilo 9 nichilominus. 
nichiloi 9 nichilominus. 
nich oi9 nichilominus. 
nidi nichil. 
nicnlo 9 nichilominus. 
nicnoi 9 nichilominus. 
nig e do nigredo. 
nig e dis nigredinis. 
nig e ne nigredinem. 
nig e sc nigrescit. 
nig^o nigritudo. 
nigedis nigritudinis. 
nigd nigredinem. 
nib nihil. 



n x o 9 nihilominus. 

n 1 m*^7. 

n l0 nihilo. 

n'omi 5 nihilominus. 

v}o 9 nihilominus. 

n^i 9 nihilominus. 

nil's nullus. 

n m nullum. 

nn. nostri, nostrorum, numeri. 

n n nomen. 

no. nobis, nomen, nostro, novm. 

n° nocturno, nullo, numero. 

no a nomina. 

no a ndu notandum. 

nobil nobilis. 

nobi m nobilissimum. 

nob wofo's. 

nobc nobiscum. 

nob ra nobiliora. 

noc nocnmentum. 

noco le notionale. 

no do nolendo. 

no d ' notandum. 

no e nomine. 

no is nominis. 

noia nomina. 

noia nominatio. 

noiat r nominatur. 

nolo nomine. 

no Ie nobile. 

nole m nolentem, nolentium. 

no lis nobilis, notabilis. 



90 



The Record Interpreter. 



no 1 ' nobilis. 
no 1 ' 1 " notabiliter. 
nott nolunt. 
nomie nomine. 
no mus nobilissimus. 
norn nomen. 
noihib3 nominibus. 
non. nonas, nonis. 
no n nomen. 
nonag nonagesimo. 
n 00 nullo modo. 
n°o mt7/o modo. 
no or nobilior. 
no r notatur. 
no ra nobiliora. 
Norht Norhampton. 
no rius n otarius. 
nor notarius. 
nos noster. 
not a i 9 notarius. 
notat r notatur. 
notaa notata. 
noth 9 nothus. 
noti a notitia. 
notic 8 notities. 
not notat, notatis. 
noto le notionale. 
noii Nocembris. 
nouitf noveritis. 
nouit noveritis. 
no wow. 
noale novate. 



noalia novalia. 

nodu nondum. 

noiti nominati. 

noiti m nominativum. 

noa nomina. 

noale nominate, novate. 

nobit notabilis. 

nobi 1 * notabiliter. 

nobr Novembris. 

nobtr notabiliter. 

noi nomini. 

noib3 nominibus. 

noie nomine. 

nois nominis. 

noio nominatio, nominativo. 

non m notandum. 

nont notant. 

nont noctanter. 

nori nostri. 

norie notorie. 

noro? nostrorum. 

nor notariis, notario. 

nos nonas. 

not? nostris. 

no? noviter. 

noi nonarum. 

nq. namque, nunquam, nusquam. 

nr. noster. 

n r naturaliter, noscitur, noster. 

n r a natura. 

nra nostra. 

nra nostram. 






Latin Abbreviations. 



91 



nre nostra. 

nri nostri. 

nrm nostrum. 

nro nostro. 

nro m nostrorum. 

nror nostrorum. 

mm nostrorum. 

nrs nostris. 

n s nullus. 

n v naturaliter. 

nullats nullatenus. 

null 1 nullibi. 

nullr nulliter. 

num m numerum, nummum. 

num° numero. 

numus numerus. 

nunc nunciante, nuncius. 

nu° numero. 

nups nuptias. 

nup£ nuptiarum. 

nusq nusquam. 

nufrmtu nutrimentum. 

nutft nutrit. 

nut u e nutritive. 

nut'tfa nutritura. 

nut 1 ? nutrimentum. 

nut nt0 nutrimento. 

nuttia nutritiva. 

nut ur nutriuntur. 

nu*£ nuncietis. 

nu 9 numerus. 

nua numina. nuncta. 



nuci 9 nuneius. 



nucq nunquam. 

nucti 9 nuncius. 

nuen numerentur. 

numu nummum. 

numo? nummorum. 

nuq numquid, nunquam. 

nua b 3 numerabilibus. 

nua° numeratio. 

nua r numeraliter, numeratur. 

nuat numerat. 

nuat r numeratur. 

nua numerare. 

nui numeric nummi. 

num. numerum. 

niio numero. 

nus numerus. 

nuator numerator. 

nuo numero. 

n3 we^, neque. 

n 9 nullus. 

n 9 q. a nusquam. 

n 5 q nusquam. 

N. nonaginta milia, 90000. 

fi wow. 

fie nature. 

fim. numerum. 

fin nomen. 

fin necnon. 

n enim, natus, nee, nepos, neptis, 
nisi, nobilis, nobis, nomen, 
non, nonas, noster, nota, 
uotum, Novembris, nuper. 



92 



The Record Interpreter. 



fia natura. 
riale naturalem. 
natr naturaliter. 
na° nar ratio. 
na oem narrationem. 
fia 1 ' naturaliter. 
na 1 ' naturaliter. 
n a naturam. 
ila naturam. 
nbi nobilis. 
fi b 3 naturalibus. 

iic m^wc. 

ilc a necessaria. 

ficcai 9 necessarius. 

iicee necessitatem. 

iicee necesse, necessitate. 

iiceia necessaria. 

iicias nuncians. 

iic s necessariis. 

iidu nedum, nondum. 

fid 9 nodus. 

fid nedum, nondum. 

fie naturae. 

hi nemini, nostri. 

ilifi nimis, notionis. 

niu nimium. 

iili naturali. 



filla nulla. 
filiate 9 nullatenus. 
nlli mil/*. 
nlli 9 nullius. 
nllo° ww//o woofo. 
fill 9 nullus. 
riltm nullum. 
iilts nullus. 
iVu nihilum. 
fit natura lis. 
ntr naturaliter. 



nm naturam, nostrum. 



nmne nomine. 

fiiias nonas, nonnas. 

iina& nonarum, nonnarum. 

fine wrw#, nonnce. 

no nihilo. 

ii wofo'o. 

nqua nunquam. 

nq numquid, nunquam, nusquam. 

fir noscitur, noster. 

nra natura, nostra. 

fis naturas, nos, numerus. 

nsra nostra. 

fistru nostrum. 

ristrs nostris. 

ntia nuncia. 

hti v nititur. 



Latin Abbreviations. 



93 



fititas nativitas. 
iitm nominativum. 
iitra nostra. 
ntrs nostris. 
fmi nervi. 
nus numerus. 



nil numerum. 

n 9 numerus. 

\\^ naturarum, nostrum, nostro- 

rum. 
flu 9 nervus. 



o. 



0. ofo7£, obitus, obolus, officium, 
olla, omega, omnibus, omnis, 
oportet, optimo, oratio, ordi- 
nis, oriens, ossa, ossuarium, 
ostenditur, otto, undecim. 

o a omnia. 

ob c o objecto. 

ob c O£ objector urn. 

obed obedientia. 

obedie obedient ire. 

obe ns obediens. 

obe ofostf. 

obee obesse. 

obeie obediential. 

obi ' objectum. 

obic objicit. 

obies obientis. 

ob^o obligatio. 

obisst obisset. 






oblcamt obleetamentum. 

oblig co obligatio. 

obli£ e obh'gatione. 

obtm oblatum, obolum. 

obto oblatio, obolo. 

obtoe oblatione. 

obto m oblationem. 

obtone oblatione. 

obtonib3 oblationibus. 

obstii obstantibus. 

obs obstat. 

ob 1 ofo'#. 

ob t9 obligatus. 

ot> objicitur, obitus, oblatio, obo- 

lus. 
oba objecta. 
obas obliquas. 
obene obediential. 
obi objecti. 



94 



The Record Interpreter. 



obia obedientia. 


off e t o/fer^. 


obiarius obedientiarius. 


off lis qfficialis. 


obie obediential. 


offa officia, officina. 


obm objection. 


offi m officium. 


obo objecto, ohjicio. 


offm officium. 


obr objicitur. 


offo officio. 


ob* objicit, obtinuit. 


o 1 ofei, ow«i. 


obtm ohjectum. 


o*b omnibus. 


ocean occasione. 


o^m omnium. 


occi 11 occidentali. 


o*po a omnipotentia. 


occoii occasione. 


o^po 118 omnipotens. 


00003 occasionem. 


o ! u omnium. 


occio occasio. 


01a omnia. 


occltu occultum. 


oib3 omnibus. 


occn 11 occidentali. 


01m omnium. 


ocens occidens. 


010 omnino. 


occfilis occidentalis. 


oioda omnimoda. 


occo occasio. 


oiode omnimode. 


occoatr occasionaliter. 


oil oltm. 


occoe occasione. 


ot oleum, olim. 


occone occasione. 


o m ohjectum, oleum, omnium, 


occpau* occupavit. 


oppositum. 


oct octabas, octabis, Octobris. 


om. omnem. 


octa octava. 


om a omnia. 


octas octavas. 


omis nis omissionis. 


oclo ocw/o. 


omn a omnia. 


octm oculum. 


om omelia (homilia), omnis. 


odi 1 ' odibilis. 


oma omnia. 


odo odor em. 


omaq. omniaque. 


od odium, odor is. 


omb} omnibus. 


odo oofto. 


omi omwi. 


o e omne. 


omipi omnipotenti. 






Latin Abbreviations. 



95 



omips omnipotent. 


oppo r opponitur. 


ornis hominis, omnis. 


oppox oppositorum. 


omp omnipotent. 


oppoito opposito. 


ompis omnipotentis. 


oppos oppositos. 


omps omnipotens. 


opp tu oppositum. 


oms omnes, omnis. 


opp 1 ' oppositum. 


on 9 onus. 


oppo oppositio. 


oris omnes, onus. 


opp*o opprobrio. 


oSa onera. 


op* oportet. 


0S1D3 oneribus. 


optim es optimates. 


orJii oncrum. 


ptoo opposito modo. 


o° omnino, opinio, oppositio, ora- 


opt O/J&0, optulit (obtulit). 


tio. 


opt ne optione. 


o°ne orationem. 


op 9 o/?w.s. 


o°nis orationis. 


opa opera. 


op. opinio, oportet, oppositio, 


opa b 3 operationibns. 


opus. 


opaco operatio. 


opco OjO^O. 


opa operatio. 


op e optime. 


opa oe operations 


opi. opiniones. 


opat r operatur. 


opi 6 ^ opinandum. 


op d ' operandum. 


opilaco oppilatio. 


opibj opcribus. 


opito oppilatio. 


opm operum. 


opio opinio. 


op nt operant. 



op m oppositum. 

op opinio, oppositio. 

pOis pi n i or ii St) oppositions. 

opp^ti opprimenti. 

opp m oppositum. 

opp° oppositio, opposito. 

oppo a opposita. 

oppo nis oppositionis. 



opo operatio. 
opo m opera tionem. 
opoes operatio nes. 
opom operationem. 
opri operari. 
opt oportet. 
opte operte. 
optet oportet. 



96 



The Record Interpreter. 



optun 9 opportunus. 

optu* oportuit. 

optua opportuna. 

optue opportune. 

optuitas opportunitas. 

opo opinio. 

opom opinionem. 

ops omnipoiens. 

opt obtinet. 

opta opposita. 

opto opposite. 

opt omnipotens, oportet. 

opte oportere. 

o r oneratur. 

ordico ordinatio. 

ordi° ordinatio. 

ordi*' ordinatum. 

ord° ordinatio. 

ord r ordinatur. 

ord ordinis. 

ordi hordei. 

ordo ordinatio. 

orig*' origwaliter. 

origf originis. 

ori 1 ' originalis. 

orit r oritur. 

or le originate. 

or ne ordinem. 

oroes orationes. 

orom orationem. 

or ve ordinate. 

orat 9 ornatus. 



or om.s, oratio, orator. 

ores oratores. 

orib3 oratoribus. 

orno organo. 

oro oratio. 

oro m orationem. 

orri onn, omari. 

ort ornat. 

or ta ordinata. 

ort 9 ornatus. 

orum oratorum. 

o s omnes. 

oscla oscula. 

ostnd 1 ostendit. 

ostnd ostendit. 

ostns ostensum. 

ostn 1 ostendit. 

o* occurrit, oportet, ostendit. 

tas oppositas. 

o tu objectum, oppositum. 

0*^ oppositis. 

03 oportet. 

oi r oritur. 

orris omnis. 

on 10 omnino. 

o bo his. 

oa omnia, or a. 

0D3 omnibus. 

oe ownf, ore. 

oem omnem. 

oes omnes. 

oe omnem. 



Latin Abbreviations. 



97 



oi omni. 


ondd m ostendendum. 


oia omnia. 


onde ostendere. 


oib3 omnibus. 


ondet ostenderet. 


oida omnimoda. 


ond r ostenditur. 


oie 11 orientali. 


on r ostenditur. 


oig on^o. 


fins ostendens. 


oi 11 originali. 


onsi m ostenswum. 


oi m omnium. 


onsu ostensum. 


oim omnimodo. 


ons ostensus. 


oines origines. 


on* ostendit. 


oino omnino. 


ontat ostcntat. 


oipo a omnipotentia. 


ontf ostendentis. 


oip s omnipotens. 


ons ostendens. 


oipt omnipotens. 


ont r ostenditur. 


oipti omnipotenti. 


oo omnino. 


oi r oritur. 


opo te omnipotentem. 


ois omnis. 


opotetis omnipotentis. 


oi s omnibus. 


opt omnipotens. 


oium omnium. 


opts omnipotens. 


oiu r oriuntur. 


opns omnipotens. 


oiu omnium. 


os omnes, omnis. 


oiut r oriuntur. 


ot occurrit, oportet, ostendit. 


oio omnino. 


otas oppositas. 


ondat ostendant. 


oti oppositi. 


onde 9 ostendemus. 


oto horto, opposito. 


ondit ostendit. 


oto° opposito modo. 


ondo ostendo. 


oto? oppositorum. 


ond* ostendit. 


otuit oportuit. 


on d ' ostendendum. 


otd oppositum. 


ond ostendere, ostendit. 


otf oppositis. 



M. 



98 



The Record Interpreter. 



p. 



P. pateat, patent, pater, pater- 
nitas, patet, per, pirn, post- 
mod u m ,postq ua m ,praimissa , 
propositus, prcesens, prin- 
ceps, publicus, quadringenti. 

pa. passio, pater. 

p a parochia, persona, prima. 

pace paccm. 

paci te patiente. 

paci tia patientia. 

pac te patiente. 

pac tia patientia. 

p a ctica praetica. 

pacia patientia. 

pacore patientiorem. 

palfr palfridus. 

pa 1 ' passibilis. 

patium palatium. 

p a m primam. 

p a nes passiones. 

pa ns patiens. 

pa° passio. 

pa oe passione. 

pa ois passionis. 

papaue papavere. 

pap m papam. 

pap jwzptf. 

par a parochia. 



parch 9 parens. 
pare parens. 
par parochial. 
parlamtil parlamcntum. 
paro lis parochiaUs. 
paro parochia. 
partib} partibus. 
par parochia. 
para parochia. 
pare parochia 3 . 
pas 1 passim. 
pas 1 ' passibilis. 
pas passio. 
pas s passus. 
pass b 3 passibus. 
pass! passim. 
past b 3 pastoralibus. 
past r a pastura. 
past r agiu pasiuragium. 
pas passus. 
p a ta prata. 
patfa patria. 
pati d ' patiendum. 
pat*e patriae. 
patfs patris. 
p a tis pratis. 
patiut 1 * patiuntur. 
patn patentes. 



Latin Abbreviations. 



99 



pat°niu patrocinium. 

pat pateat, pater. 

patia patientia. 

pattus patratus. 

pat pater. 

patfat paterfamilias. 

paPnatr paternaliter . 

pa ue passive. 

pa u0 passivo. 

paup pauper. 

p a uii pravum. 

p a u 9 pravus. 

p a xis praxis. 

p a primam. 

paper pauper. 

pfrr presbyter. 

p c catu peccatum. 

p c ca 9 peccamus. 

p c tore pectore. 

p c tu peccatum. 

p c t s pectus. 

pcci peccati. 
pcco pactio. 
pccor peccator. 
pcco? peccatorum. 
PCC3 peccatum. 
pee parochice. 
pcto pacto. 
p e primce. 
pe. peccatis. 
pe a poena. 
pe a lis pcenalis. 



pe a tr pcenaliter. 

pe a s peenas. 

pe. ca. jy«?wa canonica. 

peccm peccatum. 

peccor peccator. 

peciiia pecunia. 

pecia pecunia. 

ped: pedites. 

pellefr pellefridus. 

pelt joe//#, pelleret. 

pelii pelvium. 

p e miu prcemium. 

pent penicillum. 

pen s penes. 

pensat pensatas. 

peil penes. 

perilto penultimo. 

p e poit 5 prcepositus. 
pet^a petraria. 
petico petitio. 
pet°ni petitioni. 
petoem petitionem. 
peto petitio. 
petone petitionem. 
petras penetrans. 
pe tt petunt. 
peites pcenitens. 
peit 9 penitus. 
pert poenitet. 
peg pensionem. 
petec Pentecostes. 
pe poena?. 
h2 



100 



The Record Interpreter. 



pes penes, paenas. 


p^n principia. 




peto peccato. 


p*nK principali. 




pefrit penetrant. 


pio pri m o, primario. 




phi a philosophia. 


p J o^ priorum. 




phi cus physicus. 


p*oa priora. 




phi Philippus. 


p L oe priorem. 




phhis Philippus. 


p*s primas, primis. 




ph 9 philosophus. 


p*sa jon-s^ . 




ph Philippus. 


pisc a ia piscaria. 




pfta philosophia. 


piscab^ piscationibus. 




phos. philosophus. 


piscaia piscaria. 




ptis. philosophus. 


p^o ^>n$0. 




jjipiifprimi, pridem, principatus. 


piston u pistrinum. 




p^die pridie. 


p^tinu pristinum. 




pie^ pietatis. 


pisiu piscium. 




p. i. f . j^eefes *» fronte. 


pitaciar pitanciarius. 




pig m pigrum. 


pi u a privata. 




pig 9 pignus. 


pkia privatio. 




p^meuo primcevo. 


p^ua 1 " privaretur. 




p^rni primi. 


pMia* privavit. 




p^ito primitivo. 


p^uat 9 privatus. 




p^mo primo. 


p [ ui a privilegia. 




•pirn. 9 primus. 


p^le* privilegia. 




p ! m primum. 


p J uit privilegium. 




p^nciir principaliter. 


p^tio? privilegiorum. 




pine pincerna. 


p^tiu privilegium. 




p^nc principalis, principaliter. 


pi u i<> privilegio. 




p^n 1 principii. 


pi u o privatio. 




pin 131 principem, principium. 


p'uom privationem. 




pi n o principio. 


p ! us prius. 




pi n r principaliter. 


j)i 9 pius. /^^S&- ^ " 
p i9 jonws. / ^/^ eT 


^ 


p^n^ principaliter. 


L'f 



La tin A bbrevia tions. 



101 



p la prima. 

pi. placitum, plegii. 

pla a planeta. 

plac placitum, placita. 

plac forest, when extended, in 
the Pipe Rolls, is usually 
Placita Forestariorum, not 
Foreste. 

placm placeam, placitum. 

plae planets. 

pie. plene. 

pleb m plebem. 

plebs plebanus. 

ple do plenitudo. 

pie. fi. plene fidimus. 

plena? plenarie. 

ple ne plenitudinem. 

plerq plerumque. 

pleu a m plevinam. 

pleit ne plenitudine. 

pleitu e plenitudine. 

pleu plenum. 

p 11 possibili. 

pl r a plura. 

pl r es plures. 

pluu pluvinam. 

plualr pluraliter. 

pi 9 jp/ms. 

pt placet, placuerit, placitum, 

plegiavit, plegius, plenam, 

pleno. 
pla plura. 
plali? pluraliter. 



pta r pluraliter. 
plban 9 plebanus. 
ptbm plebanum. 
ptbno plebano. 
pifos plebanus. 
plb 9 plebanus. 
pt com jt?/^wo comitatu. 
pie planete. 
pies plures. 
pteta planeta. 
plit)3 pluribus. 
plies pluries. 
pti m plurium. 
plima plurima. 
plimi plurimi. 
ptim plurimum. 
ptiq plerique. 
plita placita. 
piitas pluralitas. 
ptitis placitis. 
plitf placitis. 
pti'f pluralitatis. 
piiu plurium. 
pile plurimce, plurime. 
phn placitum, plaustrum, pie- 
gium, populum. 

ptmo plumeo, plurimo. 
plmq plerumque. 
plr pluraliter. 
plra plura. 
plres plures. 
plr 01 plurimum. 



102 



The Record Interpreter. 



pis pulsus. 

pita planeta. 

pttim 9 penultimus. 

p. m. passus mille, pice memories, 
plus minus. 

p m populum, primum. 

priia poenitentia. 

pniari 9 poenitentiarius. 

pfilt penultima. 

pfis penes. 

pnt possunt. 

p° porro, primo. 

po a potentia. 

po b 3 possibilibus. 

poctm poculum. 

po d ' ponendum. 

po e potentice. 

p°ea postea. 

p em possessionem. 

poia posita. 

po le possibile, potentiate. 

po hs possibilis, potentialis. 

po m positionem. 

pon b 3 pontificalibus. 

pond ponderis. 

p nem positionem. 

ponti tu pontificatu. 

p 0n tu pontificatu. 

pont s pontificatus. 

pont pontifex, pontificatus. 

poilr ponuntur. 

pons ponentes. 



pont possunt. 

pon3 ponderat, ponderis. 

po° positio, possessio. 

poo p r { mo modo. 

pop 1 populi. 

pop 8 populus. 

poplaris popular is. 

pop] 9 populus. 

po r ponatur, ponitur. 

porco portion 

por portio. 

poret r portaretur. 

po s potius. 

pos le possibile. 

pos 1 ' possibilis. 

pos°' possessionem. 

possi a possibilia. 

possi d ' possidendum. 

possid possidendum. 

poss possessio. 

possois possessions. 

poss possessions, possunt. 

possa possessa. 

posso jjossessia. 

posst possunt. 

pos 1 posuit. 

postum posterum. 

posuit posuerit. 

posso possessio. 

poss° possessorio. 

possum possessionem. 

post possunt. 



Latin Abbreviations. 



103 



pote a potentia. 

poten a potentia. 

pote s potens, potentes. 

pote* potest. 

pot r a potura. 

po l £ positis, potentis. 

pot potestas. 

potit poterit. 

po ui positivi. 

po uu positivum. 

p°£ posteriorum, primorum. 

poere ponere. 

poi r ponitur. 

pot 8 pontijicatus. 

podu postmodum. 

poe ponere, positione. 

poi positioni, posteriori, priori. 

poib3 positionibus. 

poi° positio, posito. 

poit posuit. 

poitle positive. 

poit 9 positus. 

pom potentiam. 

pon a potentia. 

pone possessionem, positionem. 

ponis possessionis, positionis. 

pont potentialis. 

pon m possessionem. 

ponu possessionum. 

poniis potentiis. 

por possessor. 

porio possessorio. 



pos potentias. 

pot potest, potuit. 

po* ponit. 

potate potestatem. 

pot r ponitur. 

po uU positivum. 

po$s potentiarum. 

pp. patres, pedes, perpetuum, 
piissimus, populus, proposi- 
tus, principes, provincial. 

p. p. professor publicus. 

pp propositus. 

pptus prepositus. 

pq. postquam. 

p r a parochia, para. 

prbr presbyter. 

p r e JOttrf. 

pres presentatio. 
pret: prceter. 
preb. presbyter. 
p r gaco purgatio. 
p r ga r purgatur. 
p r gadu purgandum. 
prgo'm purgationem. 

p r gom purgationem. 
prid pridie. 
p r if s purificationis. 
prin 1 ' principalis. 
p r issim 9 purissimus. 
p r itas puritas. 
prjt^ puritatis. 
priuitiu privilegium. 



104 



The Record Interpreter. 



p r o puro. 
protins prohibens. 
prot propter. 
p r p e st r a purprestura. 
p^se purprism. 
p r p r a purpura. 
p r p r at 9 purpuratus. 
p r p r e 9 purpureus. 
p r psta purprestura. 
p r> priorissa. 

pr prcemissa, prcesentatum, pres- 
byter, prior, proviso. 
prare patrare, prcestare. 
pri presbyteri. 
pro presbytero. 
ps. postscriptum. 
psalriu psalierium. 
pss. postscriptis. 
p* j?os£, potest. 
p t ate potestate. 
pto precepto. 
p*q postquam. 
p*tas potestas. 
pu a /wira, j^wfo. 
pub c0 publico. 
pub c ' publicum. 
put) publicus. 
pu ca publica. 
pu ce publice. 
pu co publico. 
pu c ' publicum. 
p u de a prudentia. 



p u de e prudential. 

p u den prudens, prudentia. 

pud pudica. 

p u dr prudenter. 

puelt puella. 

puei a pueritia. 

pugni punitio. 

pug a pugnantia. 

purp e st r a purprestura. 

pur purifications. 

put e die putredine. 

puire punire. 

puit us punitivus. 

puiss us purissimus. 

puitas puritas. 

pu jower. 

^)- 
puu puerum. 

pxa proxima. 

P3 patet. 

p 9 ^0,9^, primus. 

p 9 ea postea. 

p 9 q postquam. 

p 9 sid possidet. 

p 9 sim 9 possimus. 

p 9 sit possit. 

p9 g ^t» possibiliter. 

p 9 slt possint. 

p 9 8 t possit. 

p 9 s posset, possunt. 

p 9 st possunt. 

p 9 t e in postremum. 

p 9 tmod postmodum. 



Latin Abbreviations. 



105 



p 9 tmo postmodum. 

p 9 ti* poster is. 

p 9 tulau t postulavit. 

p 9 tulo postulatio. 

p 9 ?gat 9 postergatus. 

p 9 ti postcri. 

p 9 ?i 9 posterius. 

p 9 uit posuit. 

p 9 uut posuerunt. 

p 9 2 poster or urn. 

p par,per,por, perdendum, per- 

venerint. 
pa p erS ona. 
pab* parabit. 
pabut parabunt. 
padisu paradisum. 
pafna parapherna. 
pagiu paragium. 
pag r pcragitur. 
palipom Paralipomena. 
p a lis personalis. 
p a lit personaliter. 
p a l r personaliter. 
pambto perambulatio. 
pa r paratur. 
pas p er sonas. 
patu paratum. 
p"tu personatum. 
p a 2 per sonar um. 
pa personam. 
p b 3 partibus. 
peep 1 ' perccptibilis. 



peep perceptio. 

pcedo parcendo. 

pees parcens. 

pci d0 percipiendo. 

pciii partium. 

pcogj par cor um, porcorum. 

pcus parens, porcus. 

pcuct a i percunctari. 

pc 9 parens, porcus. 

pc percipiendo, percipiente. 

pesa percussa. 

pesio percussio. 

pesor percussor. 

pctari percunctari. 

p8e parcere. 

pdeo perditio. 

pdico perditio. 

pdi r perditur. 

pd° perditio. 

pdoii pcrdona, perdouatus. 

pd l perdit. 

pdT: perdet. 

pd perdendum. 

pdr perditur. 

p c personal. 

•gsgvir* peregrinus. 

pempt peremptorie. 

pent parentum. 

pepto m peremptorium. 

pes parens. 

pete parente. 

pet 8 parentis. 



106 



The Record Interpreter. 



pf ea per feet a. 

pfce perfeete. 
pfcis e perfectissim" 
pf cm perfectum. 
pfeor perfection 
pf c 9 perfectus. 
pficied perficiendum. 
pfi8e perficere. 
pfc m perfectum. 
pfc ma perfect issi ma. 
pgit r pergitur. 
pgt p er g e t y pergit. 

pgut pergunt. 

pgnt pergunt. 

phendPe perendinare. 

phend perendinantium, perendi- 

navit. 
phenis perennis. 
phife perhibet. 
p!i perhibet. 
ptmdia d0 perendinando. 
ptindat 1 ' pcrendinatur. 
pi pan*. 
pifie perhibere. 
pict periculis. 
pictm pcriculum. 
pictos 9 periculosus. 
piclo periculo. 
pimi r perimitur. 
pin perinde. 
p is personis. 
pit /?antf , j?ero£. 



pitia peritia. 

pit 1 * pariter, paritur. 

pita paritura, peritura. 

pit pariter. 

picps particeps. 

pipes participes. 

plamtu parliamentum. 

pie personate. 

plis personalis. 

pf personalis. 

pm parum. 

pmp parumper. 

pmHe permitte. 

pmu p permutabilis. 

pmu 1 ' permutatur. 

pmpt peremptorie. 

pna persona. 

p ns parens. 

pilt parentes, parentum. 

po lis parochialis. 

pot parochialis. 

p°nis personis. 

poa persona. 

pom personam. 

ppe a perpetua. 

ppe c perpctuce, perpetuc. 

ppe m perpetuum. 

ppe° perpetuo. 

ppe ris perpendicular is. 

ppet a t perpetrat. 

ppetta perpetrata. 

ppim jt?er plegium. 



La tin A bbrevia tions . 



107 



ppa perperam. 

pp perpetuum. 

ppi m participium. 

ppt a to perpetrate*. 

ppuo perpetuo. 

ppuu perpetuum. 

pq r perquiratur. 

pqres perquirens. 

p r pariter, paritur. 

p ris particularly. 

prot parochialis. 

pr per sonar um. 

pra parochia. 

ps j9tfrs, persona*, personis. 

p s partes. 

pseq persecutio, persequendo. 

pseqo persccutio. 

pso a persona. 

psotr personaliter. 

psona 1 ' personaliter. 

psont personaliter. 

psoa persona. 

psor personaliter. 

pso^; personarum. 

psti se perstitisse. 

psuat persuasibilis. 

ps persolutio. 

pta porta. 

pt a ctare pertractare. 

ptare portare. 

pt b 3 partibus. 

pti parti. 



ptib3 partibus. 

pticip participate. 

ptic m participium, particulatim. 

pticla particula. 

ptieir particulariter . 

pti la particula. 

pti 1 ' partialis. 

pti nc participatione. 

ptiue a pertinentia. 

ptinetib} pertinentibus. 

ptin pertinenciis, pertinet. 

ptiilb3 pertinentibus. 

ptiiiciis pertinenciis. 

pti°' m participationem. 

pti r particulariter, partitur. 

ptire partire. 

pti re participare. 

pti 1 '' particularis. 

pti 1 ' partialitcr. 

ptit 9 partitus. 

pti partim. 

pti'ciis pcrtinencus. 

pt m partem, partium, par turn, 

portum. 
pt r ba°r perturbator. 
ptrtare pertractare. 
pt s partis. 
pt 9 portus. 

pt pertinet, pertincntiis. 
ptbat r perturbatur. 
p? personaliter. 
pue. pervenerit. 



108 



The Record Interpreter. 



pueriit pervenerit. 


pctu peccatum. 


pum par urn. 


pctf peccatis. 


puut parvulis. 


pe poena 3 . 


puu parvum. 


pea postea. 


pu 9 parvus. 


pe a poena. 


pu parum. 


peb 1 patebit. 


pup parumper. 


pens poenitens. 


pus 9 perversus. 


peia poeniterdia. 


P3 paret, patet per. 


piddu possidendum. 


P quadringenta milia. 


pid' e possidere. 


p plegiavit, post, potest. 


plc e pulchre. 


p a poena, postea. 


plcer pulcher. 


palis poenalis. 


plch m pulchrum. 


pb ce publicce, publice. 


plcri nc pulchritudine. 


pblic 9 publicus. 


p le possibile, prcedicabile, princi- 


pblico publicatio. 


pale. 


pbr presbyter. 


p lis possibilis, prwdicabilis, prin- 


p ca publica. 


cipalis. 


p c ca n peccamen. 


plliclas pelliculas. 


pcc m peccatum. 


p 1 ' possibilis, preedicabilis, prin- 


pco° peecato. 


cipalis. 


pec peecato. 


ptt a penultima. 


pec a peccata. 


pm primam. 


pccm peccatum. 


pm 9 possumus. 


pecogs peccatorum. 


pna poena. 


pcta puncta. 


pn a pcenitentia, proesentia, prin- 


pcto peecato, puncto. 


cipia. 


pcus publicus. 


pn aP poenitentialis, principalis. 


pi: puncta. 


pnat poenalis. 


peca practica. 


pn b 3 principibus. 


pcc m peccatum. 


pnci a principia. 


pcc3 peccatum. 


pncia r prcesentialiter. 



Latin Abbreviations. 



109 



pnci 1 ' principalis. 

pnci m principium. 

pnci a principum. 

pndiu prandium. 

pndt pendunt. 

pnd J e pendere. 

pn io principio. 

pn ior principalior. 

pniter pceniteret. 

pnites jycenitens. 

pnilis poenitentialis, principalis. 

pnili? pamitentialiter. 

pn le principale. 

pn lis principalis. 

pn 1,r principaliter. 

pn° principio. 

pns praisens. 

pnsat s pensatas. 

pnsu pensum. 

pna pcenitentia, prcesentia. 

pnia pcenitentia. 

priiari 9 pcenitentiarius. 

pnie pcenitentia}. 

pfitnt penetrant. 

po positio. 

pone positione. 

p or possessor, posterior. 

por prioribus. 

p°' a posterior a. 

ppa j9ap«. 

ppe ^ap#. 

pplice publice. 



pplic 9 publicus. 

pplm populum. 

pp m papam, populum. 

pp° populo. - 

pp 9 populus. 

ppu pauper um. 

pplis papalis, populis. 

ppl m papalem, populum. 

pplo populo. 

pptris popularis. 

ppts populus. 

pr joa^r, presbyter. 

pr a pr&terea. 

p ra plura. 

prand patrandum. 

pra r patratur. 

prari patrari. 

pre patre. 

p re posterior e. 

pres patres. 

pre patrem. 

pri ^n, presbyteri. 

p ri posteriori. 

pria patria. 

prib3 patribus. 

prie patriot. 

^ies pluries. 

priniu patrimonium. 
pri°niu patrimonium. 
priole j^fl trimonia le . 
prno paterno. 
prn 9 pat emus. 



110 



The Record Interpreter. 



prn paternum. 

prochia parochia. 

prociniu patrocinium. 

pron 9 patronus. 

proa patrona. 

pr s patcrnitas, patris. 

pruelis pdtruelis. 

pru 9 pat rum. 

p r ' s plures. 

pso possessio. 

psoe possessione. 

pt patct, post, potest. 

pta e potestate. 

ptas potcstas. 

pta* portavit, profsentavit. 

ptat a potestativa. 

ptate potestatem. 

ptatf potestatis. 

pte potestate. 

pteb* patebit. 

ptet patet. 

pte* patebit. 

j^tis potestatis. 

ptuit patuit. 

ptis potestatis. 

pttas potestas. 

ptn 9 patemus. 

pue parvce, parve, pravce, prave. 

puile a privilegia. 

puit privilegium. 

puiiiofj privilegiorum. 

puitiu privilegium. 



pui m privilegium. 

puo? parvorum, pravorum. 

pu 9 parvus, pravus. 

p jorfl5, pretium, prcescriptum, 

pnesentes, praise nt at um, 

prcecipimus. 
pabet 1 ' prcehabetur. 
pabit 9 prcehabitus. 
pall ta prceallegata. 
pbeda prcebenda. 
pbedari 9 prcehendarius. 
pbed: prcebendam, prcebendam. 
pbiiis prcedicabilis. 
pb3 prcebet. 
pb prcebet, presbyter. 
pbe prcebere. 
pbi b 3 prcedicabilibus. 
pbnda prcebenda. 
pbn ls prcebendis. 
pbns prcebens. 
pbntis prcebentis. 
pbr presbyter. 
pbru prcsbyterum. 
p&3 prcebent. 
ply e prcebere. 
pcaco prcedicatio. 
pcaui praicaveri. 
pce b 3 prcecedentibus. 
pce ns prcecedens. 
pcep a prcecepta. 
pcep m prceceptum. 
pcepm prceceptum. 



La tin A bbrevia tions. 



Ill 



pce re prcBcedere. 


pdics prcedictus. 


pee* prcecedit. 


pditcis prwdilectis. 


pee* 1 prcecedenti. 


pdifcu pmdilcctum. 


pci e prcecipue, prcecise. 


pdi° prcedictio. 


pcios 9 pretio&us. 


pdi re prmdicare. 


pcip e prcBCtpue. 


pdi^ prmdicamentis. 


pcipi do projcipiendo. 


pdifc prcedicatorum. 


pcip 9 precipimus. 


pdoiari prcedominari. 


pcipr prmcipitur. 


p d ' pronotandum. 


pei 1 ' prcBcipitur. 


pd prceda, prcedicatur y Prwdica- 


pciu pretium. 


tores. 


pcog prcecognitio. 


pdm prwdium. 


f}c ta prcedicamenta. 


pdnaii prwdominantia. 


pcu precum. 


pdos prcedictos. 


pc prceceptum, prece. 


pdo^ prcedictorum. 


pcio prcedicatio. 


pdr praidicitur. 


pco prcedicatio. 


pemi a praeminentia. 


j3com prwdicationem. 


pest protest. 


pcti prcedicati. 


pexpta prwexperta. 


pda prceda. 


pexns prceexistens. 


j)dat 9 prcedatm. 


pe protest. 


pdea prcedicta. 


pe protest. 


pdem prcedictum. 


pee pra>esse. 


pdcus p reed ictus. 


peet pratesset. 


pdesti°is prcedestination is. 


pfat prarfatus. 


pdest prcedestinatus. 


pft r prafertur. 


pdetiare prcedeterminare. 


pgna m pra>gnantium>. 


pdetmlare prcedeterminare. 


pgnas prwgnans. 


pdi b 3 praidicabilibus. 


pgnicio pratcognitio. 


pdica nt £ prmdicamentis. 


pgni pratcognitio. 


pdicao prwdicatio. 


pgn° prweognitio. 


pdict 9 prcedictus. 


phita prwhabita. 



112 



The Record Interpreter. 



pfiit 9 prohabitus. 


pntat 9 prcesentatus. 


pissa promissa. 


pnt b 3 prosentibus. 


pissis prcemissis. 


pnte prcesente. 


piss prcemissa, prcemissis. 


pnt e prcesentia*. 


pitti r promittitur. 


pnte r praisentetur . 


pliftt 9 prolibatus. 


pnte prosentem. 


p lis prcedicabilis. 


pnti prcBsenti, prodicamenti. 


pliu prolium. 


pntia prosentia. 


pm°ico prcemonitio. 


pntib} prosentibus. 


pmostr Promonstratensis. 


pntie prosentio. 


pmta prodicamenta. 


pntis prosentis, prcedicamentis. 


pn a pnesentia. 


pnto prodicamento. 


pncia prcesentia. 


pnt s prosentibus. 


pncia r prcesentialiter. 


pntf pr mentis. 


pncie prcesentice. 


pnto praisentato. 


pndi prodicandi. 


pnuatf prcenumeratis. 


pndit r prcetenditur. 


pii prosentia, praisentibus. 


pndut protendunt. 


pric a e prcenuntiare. 


pnia prcesentia. 


pncat prcenuntiat. 


pn m prcesentium. 


pnia prosentia. 


pQ n pronomen. 


pno principio. 


pno d ' pronotandum. 


poris r i prceostensuri. 


pno e pronomine. 


poiisu prceostensum. 


pno n pramomen. 


pp 1 propositi. 


pnoto pronotato. 


ppif propositus. 


pnoe prcenomen. 


ppo do prceponendo. 


pnoia s prcenominatis. 


ppo s propositi's. 


pns prosens. 


ppos propositus. 


pnse pretense. 


ppot r proponatur. 


pnta r prosentatur, prosentia- 


ppoi propositi. 


liter. 


ppous propositus. 


pntatf prosentatis. 


ppt propositi. 



Latin Abbreviations. 



113 



pptm propositum. 

ppts propositus. 

pp 9 propositus. 

ppab* proparabit. 

ppaco proparatio. 

ppamta proparamenta. 

ppare proparare. 

ppatu prceparatum. 

jipaui proparavi. 

ppad proparandum. 

ppi propositi. 

jjpit 9 propositus. 

ppm propositum. 

f)po proposition proposito. 

pps propositus. 

jjpte proposito. 

jJpti propositi. 

j!ptis propositis. 

ppto proposito. 

pptu propositum. 

j!pt propositi, proposterus. 

pppo propropero. 

pr prodicatur. 

pr a proterea. 

pre prodicare. 

pre r prodicaretur. 

pri prodieari. 

prito proterito. 

proga a prorogativa. 

ps b 3 prosentibus. 

psfe presbyter. 

psbi presbyteri. 



psbr presbyter. 
psc^p preseriptio. 
pscrip b 3 proscriptionibus. 
pscbit r proscribitur. 
pscia proscientia. 
pscpco proscriptio. 
ps d0 proservando, 
p sc procise. 
psen a prosentia. 
psenca prosentia. 
psen m prosentium. 
psenta prosentia. 
psento prosentatio. 
pse a prosentia. 

psem prosentem, prosentiam. 
psetiair prosentialiter. 
pse prosepe. 
p 8is promissis. 
psnia prosentia. 
psrita prosentata. 
psnti prosenti. 
psso^ promissomm. 
pssoe pressione. 
pstaco prostatio. 
pstas prostans. 
pstate prostantem. 
psti* prostitit. 
pstit m prostitum. 
psuit r prosumitur. 
psiip prosumptio. 
ps prosentat, prosentant, pro- 
sentibus. 



M. 



114 



The Record Interpreter. 



psos ptwsens. 

psnte prmsente. 

psppit prcBsupponit. 

psppto prwsnpposito. 

pst prcestet, prcesunt. 

psti prcesertim . 

psua e prceservare. 

p stl prcesertim. 

p sua e prceservare. 

pt prcedicat. 

pta prcedicata. 

p ta prcedicamenta. 

ptea prceterea. 

pte? prceteritum. 

pt m prcedicatum, prceteritum. 

pt° prcedicatOy prceterito. 

pt°io prcetorio. 

pto m prcetorem. 

ptor prcetor. 

p tor prcedicator. 

pt r prcedicatur. 

j3tu prcedieatum. 

pt prceteriti. 

pta prceterea. 

pftea prceterea. 

*fem prceteritum. 

pH° praiterito. 

ptitu prasteritum. 

ptq prceterquam. 

pt prceter. 

p? ea prceterea. 

jjftb* prceter ibit. 



p?i m prceteritum. 

pti° praiterito. 

prit prceteriit, prmterit. 

ptitu prceteritum. 

pfc'itf prmteritis. 

prmt e prcetermittere. 

ppq prwterquam. 

puei e prmvenire. 

pueiet prwoeniente . 

pp prcedicatorum. 

g pro. 

p a propterea, proxima. 

pbaco probatio. 

j>ba le probabile. 

pba° probatio. 

pba r probabiliter, probatur. 

pbat probat. 

pbat probatum. 

pba r probantur. 

pbe r probetur. 

pbe probem. 

pbi probi. 

pb° probatio. 

pbon probationum. 

pbos probos. 

pboe probatione. 

pbom probationum. 

pbu probum. 

pb 9 probus. 

pbf* probrum. 

gfo probat, probavit, probi, probos. 

pbores probatores. 



Latin Abbreviations. 



115 



pbr probabiliter. 

pc e and procreandis. 

pc e at procreat. 

pc e at procreato. 

pce do procedendo. 

pcedd procedendum. 

pce m process um. 

p Ce nt procedunt. 

pce nt £ procedentis. 

pce r proceditur. 

pceres proceres. 

pcerib3 proceribus. 

pee* procedit. 
pee? procerum. 
pctare proclamare. 
pcio proclamatio. 
pco? procorum. 
pc r abo procurabo. 
pc r at°iu procuratorium. 
p C no procuratorio. 
pe r ium procuratorium. 
per procreati. 
pcuran procurations. 
pcur°riu procuratorium. 
pcur procurator. 
pcure procuratorem. 
pcuiio procuratorio. 
pcurtes procuratores. 
pcuru procuratorium. 
pc procurator. 
peace- procuratio. 
peare procurare. 



peat procurat. 
pcator procurator. 
pcet r procuretur. 
pel procul. 
pco probatio. 
pere procurare. 
p8es proceres. 
p8ib3 proceribus. 
pCu procerum. 
|>93ul proconsul. 
pd c tu productum. 
pde* prodest. 
pdee prodesse. 
pdi° proditio. 
pdo prohando. 
pd* produxit. 
pdu d ' producendum. 
pdu r producuntur. 
g& probandum, prodest. 
pdem productum. 
pdc ,£) productus. 
pdt produnt. 
p e prope. 
p ea propterea. 
pf c profecturus. 
pf co profecto. 
pfeom profectionem. 
pfe° prqfessio. 
pf 9 profectus. 
pfa r proferatur. 
pfo m professionem. 
pfo£ professorum, 
i2 



116 



The Record Interpreter. 



pfri prqferri. 
|>ft r profertur. 
pg e ssu progression. 
;pgd r prog i 'edit ur. 
pgsso progressio. 
phe° prooemio. 
pheiu prowmium. 
phes prohiberes. 
phico prohibitio. 
pkicom prohibitionem. 
phi re prohibere. 
ph r prohibetur. 
pti prohibet. 
pfia propheta. 
ptiet prohibet. 
pfiitu prohibitum. 
ptlndo prohibendo. 
pfin r prohibentur. 
pti* prohibet. 
phuit prohibuit. 
p l probi. 
p^o proprio. 
pio p r oprio. 
p^us proprius. 
g [ u proprium. 
pla proxima. 
pia proximo,. 
pi prolis. 
ptr probabiliter. 
pmpt 9 promptus. 
pm'Je promittere. 
p m ^>ro mamrio. 



pmtes promittens. 

pndu probandum. 

pn n pronomen. 

pno c pronom'nic. 

p nt probant. 

pnuciaco proniinciatio. 

pniic proniinciatio. 

pile pronunc. 

pnt probant. 

pntiare pronuntiare. 

p° probatio, probo, propositio. 

po'm probationers. 

po e probatione. 

pp a propria, propterea. 

ppe prope. 

pp ea propterea. 

pptia propheta. 

pp l proprii. 

pp*a propria. 

pp*e propria?, proprie. 

pp^t™ proprietatum. 

pp*i proprii. 

ppime proprissime. 

ppin r propinquior. 

pp^ proprio. 

pp*tas propietas. 

ppit'e proprietate. 

pp ! u proprium. 

pp m proprium. 

ppo propositio, proposito. 

ppoc propter hoc. 

pp em propositionem. 



Latin Abbreviations. 



117 



ppo lb 3 propositionibus. 

ppo m propositionum, propositum. 

pponr proponuntur. 

pporoiot proportionabiliter. 

ppor°t proportionaliter. 

ppor ' lis proportionates. 

ppor°' m proportionrm. 

ppor ta proportionata. 

pposse proposse. 

ppo ur proponuntur. 

ppo propositionem. 

ppoi m propositum. 

ppois propositionis. 

ppoitu propositum. 

ppo 1 ' proponitur. 

ppot proponat, proponit. 

ppria propria. 

pprie propria, proprie. 

ppr°ne proportions 

pptu promptum. 

ppt 9 promptus. 

jpptor promptior. 

pp? propter. 

pptea propterea. 

pp 9 proprius. 

pp prope, propter. 

ppare properare. 

ppat properant. 

pp propter. 

ppe b 3 proprietatibus. 

ppe s proprietas. 

ppe te proprietate. 



ppiis propriis. 

ppis propriis. 

ppnq° propinquo. 

ppo propositio, proprio. 

ppr propter. 

pps proprius. 

pp te proprietate. 

ppto prompto. 

pp t0 proposito. 

p r probabiliter, probatur, proro- 

gatur. 
pre probare, procurare. 
pri probari, procurari. 
prs 9 prorsus. 
pr 9 prorsus. 
ps probus. 
pse r prosequitur. 
ps 1 prosequi. 
psp prosper. 
pspa prospera. 
pspi 9 prosperius. 
pstt 9 prostratus. 
pstnet r prosterneretur. 
ps prosecutor, prosequendo, 
pt probat. 
p* prout. 
pt a protestata. 
pt a hl e protrahere. 
pte. protegatis. 
ptecc protectio. 
ptest b 3 protestationibus. 
pte 9 protenus. 



118 



The Record Interpreter. 



pthom protomartyr. 

pthon protonotarius. 

ptor protestator, protestor. 

pt r probatur, prorogatur, pro- 

testatur, protestor, protur- 

batur. 
|>tu probatum. 
p l 3 prout patet. 
pt protectio, protegatis. 
pthi protrahi. 
pto probatio. 

pt tur protestatur, proturbatur. 
ptuia protervia. 
p? propter. 
pt^iia protervia. 
pPuit proterviter. 
pruias protervitas. 
puen proventus. 
pue 1 provenit. 
puet r a proventura. 



pui probavi, protervi. 

puiden a providentia. 

pui(r e providere. 

pulcia provincia. 

puone proventionem, provoca- 
tionem. 

put prout. 

j>ut3 />row£ patet, 

pu prout. 

px a proxima. 

pxi a proxima. 

pxi e proxime. 

pxi m proximum. 

pxia proxima. 

p X m proximum. 

px° proximo. 

px proximus. 

pxa proxima. 

pxi proximi. 

pxm proximum. 



a. 



Q. cwr, ^wa, quacunque, qua), 
qumeunque, quazdam, quceri- 
tur, quam, quantum, qua- 
que, quasi, quatenus, que, 
quern, quemcunque, qui, quia, 
quibus, quid, quingenti, 
quintum, quod, quodcunque. 



q a ^wa, quacumque, qualibet. 

q a d a g quadragesimam. 

q a drages a quadragesima. 

q a i g'WflSi. 

q a inta quadraginta. 

q a le qualem. 



La tin A bbrevia tions . 



119 



q a lis quails. 

q a lit r qua liter. 

q a t qualis. 

q a mptm quamplurimum. 

q a iitueuq > quant umcunque. 

q a nt 9 quantus. 

q^cuq^ quandocunque. 

q a or quatuor. 

q a ppt? quapropter. 

q°T qualiter. 

q a rfit na quarentena. 

q a rt 9 quartus. 

q a r quare. 

q a ten 9 quatenus. 

q a ti 9 quatinus. 

q a P quater. 

q a 2 quarurn. 

qa quam. 

qb3 quibus. 

qbs quibus. 

q$3 quibus. 

q d a quidam. 

q d ' quidem. 

qd quadrans, quidem, quod. 

q e $w<e, quare. 

q e da qucedam. 

q e gwew. 

q 1 ym. 

q*a ywta. 

q j b3 quibus. 

q'blib quibuslibet. 

q'cq^d quicquid. 



q J cq quicquam, quicquid, quicun- 
que. 

q'cuqj quicunque. 

q*c quicunque. 

q*d gwetf. 

q*da quidam. 

q*d quidem. 

q'esc* quiescit. 

q^sfie quiescere. 

q^tau quietavit. 

q'lo quinimmo. 

q^n quin. 

q x nq, quin que. 

q^ta d quintam decimam. 

q'nto quinto. 

q 1 n3 quinque. 

q 1 q c fiiu quinquennium. 

q*q quinque. 

q ls quamvis, quis. 

q^q^s quisquis. 

q 18 ^ quisque. 

q 1 ' quibus, quicunque. 

q m ^tow*, quidem. 

q n quando, quin. 

qri quando, quoniam. 

qfi ate quantitate. 

qncuq^ qnandocumque. 

qnm quoniam. 

qnq^ quandoque. 

qn3 quandoque. 

q° qumstio, quo, quoque. 

q°cq quocunque. 



120 



The Record Interpreter. 



q°d quod. 

q°dam° quodammodo. 

q°da quodam. 

q°dao° quodammodo. 

q°d 00 quodammodo. 

q°tib quolibet. 

q°li3 quolibet. 

q°t quolibet. 

q°m° quomodo. 

q°m°cuq > quomodocunque. 

q°m°lib3 quomodolibet. 

q°m°t quomodolibet. 

q°na quonam. 

q°ne qumstione. 

q°nia quoniam. 

q°ns quotiens. 

q°iim quonam, quoniam. 

q°q e quoque. 

q°q° quoquo. 

q°q°m° quoquomodo. 

q°q° quoquo. 

q°qj quoque. 

q or> quorum. 

q°s gwos. 

q ot #wo#. 

q°tlib quotlibet. 

q°5 quorum. 

qoe qumstione. 

qom qucestionem. 

<£* quinque. 

q r quceritur, qualiter, queritur. 

q taB qualitas. 



q*' qualiter. 
q*f qualitatis. 
q. v. <7W» rmY, ^wod wcfe, 
quadslo quadragesimo. 
quat qualibet. 
quatr qualiter. 
qua m quamquam. 
quan? quantitatem. 
qua r qualiter. 
qua te qualitatem. 
quat 9 quatenus. 
quat quatenus. 
quatus quatenus. 
qua? quarum. 
qua quam. 
quai ^wase. 
que? querentem. 
quest questum. 
que g'wem. 
quela querela. 
queones qucestiones. 
que* quaireret. 
quet r quazreretur. 
quisq quisquam. 
quisq> quisque. 
q UO bet quomodolibet. 
quo b 3 quomodolibet. 
quoc quotiens. 
quoda 00 quodammodo. 
quo™ quoniam. 
quom° quomodo. 
quonm quoniam. 



Latin Abbreviations. 



121 



quo° quomodo. 

quo ^ quomodocunque. 

quo quomodo. 

quodolib3 quomodolibet. 

quom quoniam. 

quo que quomodocunque. 

quo% quomodocunque. 

quo quomodo. 

q3 quia. 

q 9 quatenus, quibus, quietus. 

q^ quorum, 

q$9q> quorumcunque. 

q?da quorundam. 

q 2?/ra, ^w«m, #we, quod {mostly). 

qa 3^0. 

q a quam. 

q a as quantitas. 

q a g quarteragium. 

q a pim quamplurimum, 

q a q a quamquam. 

q a q> quamque. 

qHii quantum. 

qH^ quantitatis. 

q a t quantum. 

qao° quodammodo, 

qb3 quibus. 

qb quibus. 

q c gwod sw. 

qd jwerf, gwoc?. 

qdamo quodammodo. 

qda° quodammodo. 

qdao quodammodo. 



qdd quoddam. 

qd quidem, quoddam. 

q e quern. 

q 1 gmtf, quidem. 

q'q 1 quidquid. 

q m quantum. 

q m q3 quantumcunque. 

qq quodquod, quoque, quoquo. 

qq> quoque. 

q 500000, quce, que, quern. 

qa gm'tf. 

qad dfl quemadmodum. 

qadmo m quemadmodum. 

qad quemadmodum. 

qadm quemadmodum. 

qae #w#. 

qag quarteragium. 

qam quam. 

q as quantitas. 

qa quam. 

qaock quamcunque. 

qaq> quamque. 

qa queat. 

qamo m quemadmodum. 

qao° quodammodo. 

q b ' quwlibet, quodlibet. 

qb3 qucelibet, quodlibet. 

qb 9 quibus. 

qbs quibus. 

qcq qucecunque, quamcunque, 
quicquid. 

qcu e qucecunque, quantumcunque. 



122 



The Record Interpreter, 



qco qucesitio. 

qcu e quibuscunque. 

qd quid, quod. 

qdam quadam, qucedam, quen- 

dam, quidam, quodam, 
qdamo quodammodo. 
qda quadam, qucedam, quendam, 

quid am. 
qdao quodammodo. 
(jdd quoddam. 
qde quidem. 
qd^ii quadriennii. 
qd'ga quadriga. 
qd^entf quadringentis. 
qdo quando. 
qdq quidquid, quodque. 
qd r quadrupliciter. 
qdrages a quadragesima. 
qd u pe a quadrupedia. 
qd u pt quadruples. 
qd u p r quadrupliciter. 
qd x quadruples. 
qd qucedam, quibusdam, quidem, 

quoddam. 
qdn h quadranguli. 
qdns quadrans. 
q c quoque. 
qela querela. 

qet 9 quietus. 
qi quasi, qui. 
qid jww?. 
qi m qucesitum. 



qiti qucesiti. 

qlec qualecunque. 

qlibe m quotlibetum. 

qli bus qualitatibus. 

qlib5 qualibet, qualibet, qualibus. 

qli b 3 qualitatibus. 

qlitas qualitas. 

qli ts quotlibeti. 

qli tu qualitatum. 

qli*' qualitatem. 

qlir qualiter. 

qlis qualitas. 

ql r c qualiter cunque. 

q 1 ' qualibet, qualis. 

ql3 qualibet, quilibet, quemlibet, 

quodlibet. 
qi qucelibet, fyc., as above. 
qtt qucelibet, Sfc, as above. 
qm gwam, gwim, quoniam. 
q m quantum, quidem. 
qmadm quemadmodum. 
qmad quemadmodum. 
qmott quomodolibet. 
q m> quantumcunque. 
qms qucesumus. 
qn quando, quin. 
qnc(^ quandocunque. 
qndo quando. 
qngeti quingenti. 
qnio quinimmo. 
qnq^ quandoque, quinque. 
qnta quanta. 



Latin A bbrevia tions. 



123 



qnta e quantacunque. 

qnt as quantitas. 

qnte quantumcunque . 

qn te quantitate. 

qnt m quantum. 

qnto quanto. 

qntu quantum. 

qn^ quantitatis. 

qnt quantum. 

qn3 quandoque. 

q n ' quando. 

qii quando, quandoque, quando- 

cunque, quoniam. 
qilm quoniam. 
qo qimstio, queo, quo. 
q° quomodo. 
qod ^woe?. 
qoda quodam. 
qod quodam, 
qone quastione. 
q 00 quomodo. 
qoq> quoque. 
q or quatuor. 

q or t quatuor temporum. 
qos gwos. 
qo? quorum. 
qoe qwestione. 
qoe qumstionem. 
qois qumtionis. 
qom qticestionem. 
qppe quippe. 
qpp? quapropter. 



qpp quapropter. 

qq d quicquid. 

qq m quemquam, quicquam, quis- 

quam. 
qq quamquam. 
qqa quamquam. 
qqd quicquid. 
qq^ quwque, quique, quamque, 

quoque. 
q r qumritur. 
qra r quceratur. 
qrat qucerat. 
qre quare, quwrere. 
qrela querela. 
qre 8 qucerens. 
qrimo a querimonia. 
qrloa querimonia. 
qro qucero. 
qr° quarto. 
qror queror. 
qr r quceritur. 
qrto quarto. 
qrtu quartum. 
qrt 9 quartus. 
qr quare, quceret, quairis, quce- 

ritur. 
qs gwas, quamcitius. 
q s qualitas. 
qsi ^wflwi*. 

qsi 11 Quasimodo geniti. 
qso qu&so. 
qsq m quisquam. 



124 



The Record Interpreter. 



qsq quisquam. 

qsqs quisquis. 

qsq, quisque. 

qst 9 qucesitus, quwstus. 

qs qucesumus. 

qt qucerit, qucesivit. 

q ta quanta. 

q tas qualitas, quantitas. 

q te quantce. 

q h qumsiti, quanti. 
q tio quaistio. 
qtis qumsitis. 
q tia quantitatis. 
qti* f <^ar< titatis. 
qti ue quantitative. 
qtis quant it as. 
qt m quantum. 
qto qumito. 
qto quantocunque. 
qtuor quatuor. 



qtus quartus. 

qtu quantum, quartum. 

q'f quantitatis. 

qt 9 quartus, quatenus. 

qt quatenus. 

qto quaistio. 

qts quatenus. 

qtus quatenus. 

qt: quater. 

qtn 9 quatemus. 

q^ quarum. 

q quam, quern. 

qad du quemadmodum. 

qadmo quemadmodum. 

qad quemadmodum. 

qq quamquam, quemquam. 

qsi gwow. 

qj g^e, $m«. 

q > a quaque. 

qf quoque. 



R. 



R. octoginta, Radulfus f regni, 
rex, requiescat, Ricardus, 
requiratur, reverendus, run- 
cini. 

r* regula. 

racti rachetum. 



racoe ratione. 
raco m&o. 
Radto Radulfo. 
JRad Radulfus. 
r a l rationalis. 
i*" 1 regulam. 



Latin Abbreviations. 



125 



ra me rarissime. 

rafhts ramulus. 

ra° ratio. 

ra°ne ratione. 

r a ris regularis. 

r a riu regularium. 

r a tiua regulativa. 

rat°ci a i rutiocinari. 

r a t r regulatur. 

ratnoe ratiocinatione. 

ratoni rationi. 

r a regulam. 

raa rata. 

ra lis rationabilis. 

rao rafoo, rafo. 

r c ti ne rectitudine. 

rea ratfa. 

ree recte. 

rem rectum. 

rcor rector. 

res rectus. 

re 9 rectus. 

r d respondendum. 

r da referenda. 

r dus rever endus. 

re. recognitura. 

r e recipe, regulce, require. 

rea te remanente. 

rea r realiter. 

rearis regularis. 

reb3 rebus. 

recen ne recognitione. 



recep°3 receptionem. 
recep tor receptator. 
recogfie recognitione. 
recog recognitura. 
recofio recognitio. 
ree ra?ews, receptum, recessit, 
recognitio, recog nitionibus, 
recognitors, recognitura, 
recognovit, rectatus. 
reeasti recusasti. 
recat recusat. 
rec b 3 recog nitionibus. 
rec ea o recreatio. 
reeo recognitio. 
recjedare recommendare. 
rec^medare recommendare. 
rec^medao recommendatio. 
rec,n recognitione, recognoscit. 
redd da reddenda. 
red d ' reddendum. 
redd raMtf, reddunt, reddi- 

tionem, redditum. 
redde reddere. 
reddr redditur. 
reddt reddunt. 
redd 3 e reddere. 
redep ois redemptions. 
redees redeuntes. 
redudn redundantia. 
red reditum. 
re e regulce, require. 
reedif reedificare. 



126 



The Record Interpreter. 



refet re fecit. 

refgat 1 " refrigerator. 

reforHa reformata. 

ref reficiendum. 

refg a t r refrigerator. 

refgat 1 " refrigerator. 

reg^e regnare. 

reg^ola regnicola. 

regie regimen. 

regie regimine. 

regla regula. 

reg m regnum. 

regn te regnante. 

regfi regnante, regni. 

reg regem, regis, regni, regnum, 

regfer regenerabitor. 

regis regiminis. 

regra registra. 

regra io registratio. 

regrio registrario. 

regris registris. 

regro registro. 

retire rehabere. 

refit rehabet. 

relgro redintegratio. 

rel a reliqua. 

relaco relatio. 

relats relativus. 

rela us relativm. 

relca relicta. 

relce relictcp. 

releu relevium, 



relig religio. 

relig rcligiosus. 

relioe religionom. 

relio religio. 

retii relevii. 

re m redditum. 

reme m remedium. 

remo* re mo vet. 

rem^im 9 remittimus. 

rem remanens, remanet. 

refhntia remanentia. 
re ne re gi n(Bt 

re recordatio, restitutio. 
repli dum replicandum. 
repl repletio, replicatio. 
rept replegiamentum. 
reppim 9 repperimus. 
repug es repugnantes. 
rep 10 repertorio. 
rep tare reportare. 
rept 9 repertus. 
repriare repatriare. 
rep!in le reprehensibile. 
repb° reprobatio. 
req a requisitam. 
req^it requisitum. 
requis requisitus. 
req requirendus. 
reqre require, requirere. 
reqt requirit. 

re r realiter, requiritur, responde- 
tor, 






Latin Abbreviations. 



127 



rescm respectum. 
res d respondendum. 
residen a residentia. 
resid res iden tiarius . 
resig a re resignare. 
resig a uit resignavit. 
resigco resignatio. 
resign resignatio. 
resi re resaisire, resistere. 
reso lis resolvibilis. 
resp ive respective. 
respond respondendum. 
resp* respondet, respondit. 
resp respectu. 
res r ccio resurrectio. 
resti restitutio. 
resti 1 " restituitur. 
resto restitutio. 

res residuum, respectum, resump- 
tion m. 

rescm respectum. 

resgna* resignavit. 

ret a hit retrahit. 

retefhto retcncmento. 

reti nt retinent. 

retno retentio. 

re 1 ' realitcr, receptee. 

ret retinet. 

retct 9 retr actus. 

re u respectu. 

re ua regulativa. 

reuet revelatio, 



re a respectivum. 
reuncia rcverencia. 
reund 5 reverendus. 
reusio reversio. 
reuti 1 ' recertitur. 
re xive respective. 
re 9 m/.s, re-spectns. 
re? rerum. 
resij remanet. 
reio remissio. 
reise rcmisse. 
reo do removendo. 
reoue removere. 
re re^ttf, r?#. 
rea regula. 
rearis regular is. 
remedae recommendare. 

ren<re respondere. 

rens recens. 

rensai responsalis. 

reiV remanet. 

rer cio resurrectio. 

re i s rcmrrectis. 

reti recenti. 

reus reversus. 

rfceo refectio, re f radio. 

rfgar rpfragari. 

r l m. 



ri 1 ' r 



isibi/is. 



r io repertorio, responsio. 
riuts riviilus. 
riulu rivulum. 



128 



The Record Interpreter . 



r" 1 respectum, responsorium, 
reverendum. 

r ma r eve rend issima. 

r me reverendissimce, reverendis- 
sime. 

T m9 reverendissimm. 

r nda reverenda. 

jjids reV erendt$8i 

Ro. Roma, Romanus. 

r° ratio, regio, responsio. 

r°alis rationalis 

rob°ata roborata. 

r oP rationalis. 

ro m rationem. 

rom a Romana. 

romna Romana. 

rom Romanorum. 

rond* respondent. 
ron Romance. 
ro s Romanos. 
ro ies rogantes. 
r ' resurrectionem. 
roa Roma, Romana. 
roa Romam. 
roaa Romanam. 
ro rotulo. 

roab ter rationabi liter. 
robi 1 *' rationabilibus. 
robilis rationabilis. 
robiir rationabiliter. 
robi 1 ' rationabiliter. 
robir rationabiliter. 



roci m ratiocinium. 

rocina s ratiocinatis. 

rdcinai ratiocinari. 

roci ' ratiocinationem. 

rociaeo ratiocinatio. 

roe ratione, Romana*. 

ro hs rationalis, rationabilis. 

rom rationem. 

ronos Romanos. 

rono^ Romanorum. 

ron s Romanos, Romanus. 

ro r rationaliter, rationabiliter. 

ros Romanos. 

r. p. reverendus pater. 

rq r requiratur. 

rqt r requiritur. 

rq requiritur. 

r r redditur, rependitur, requira- 
tur, respondetur. 
rr. requiratur, reverendissimi. 
r s regulativus, requisitus. 
r sii responsum. 
rs respondit. 

r* r0flfa?#, respondet, restituit. 
r ta registrata, rescripta. 
rt°nat 9 retornatus. 
r u redditu, respeetu. 
rutyca rubrica. 
rub ruber, rubeus. 
rubica rubrica. 
ru° rubeo, rubro. 
r u r resurrectis. 



Latin Abbreviations. 



129 



r u redditum, respectum, respon- 
sum. 

R recipe y Regis, Regum {Book 

of Kings in the Bible), re- 

quisitas, Rex. 
Rbit respondebit. 
r receptor, reddit, ret, relevio, 

respondendum, responsum, 

80000. 

ralf realis. 

rat realis. 

ratr realiter. 

ra ma realissima. 

ra r realiter. 

rat, r at registrat, regnlat. 

rato$ registrator um. 

ra? realiter. 

rb* reddebat, respondebat, respon- 

debit. 
roco resurrectio. 
rce recte. 
rcep receptio. 
rci do recipiendo. 
rci du recipiendum. 
rci ne rectitudine. 
rci ns recipiens. 
rcip* recipit. 
rcipcat r reciprocantur. 
roi* recipit. 
rci ta recitata. 
rcit recitat. 
rcor rector. 

M. 



rcores rectores. 
rcorf rectoris. 
rco£ rectorum. 
rote r^cfe. 
rcti ne rectitudine. 
rctos rectos. 
rctos rectores. 
reata recitata. 
rcor rector. 
rcre recurrere. 
reus rectus. 
r9g° recognitio. 
rC)iios8e recognoscere. 
rda reverenda. 
rda r recordatur. 
rdax reoerendarum. 
rda reverendam. 
rdde° reddendo. 
rdd m reddendum. 
rdd r redditur. 
rdet respondet. 
rdepeo redemptio. 
rdu a redundantia. 
rduc/ reducuntur. 
rdu d> reducendum. 
rdu r reducitur. 
rdu r reducuntur. 
rde respondere. 
rd n d * responden dnm . 
re respondere. 
rfi8e reficere. 
rfi dQ reficiendum. 



K 



130 



The Record Interpreter : 



rforta reformata. 

rfot°iu refectorium, 

rfn* refrenet. 

rft refert. 

rgai regalia. 

rg a ta re gist rata. 

rge regem. 

rggti reaggravati. 

rgim regimen. 

rgla regina. 

rgie regime. 

rgie regimine. 

rgin regimen. 

rg m regem, regum. 

rgSat 9 regeneration. 

rg° regno, regulo. 

rg r regitur. 

rg s r^ts, regulis. 

y.gt re g n avit. 

rgut 1 ' regulariter. 

rgu r regulariter. 

rgla regula. 

r;ila r regulatur. 

ri^m regulam, regulum, regnum. 

nr° recognitio. 

rtire rehabere. 

ripu ce reipublicce. 

riss remissis. 

rla, r la reguh. 

rla a regulata. 

rlafir relabitur. 

r la ' e regulare. 



rle regale, regulw. 

rlib3 realibas. 

r ! ib3 regularibuH. 

rli ne religione. 

rlin r relinquitur. 

rli° religio. 

rliq r relinquitur. 

rl m relativum. 

rlois relationis. 

rlt e relative. 

rt regulis. 

rto rclatio. 

rlt e relative. 

rttia relativa. 

rito$ relatorum. 

rtua r relevatur. 

rm regit lam, rem, respectum 

reum. 
rme m remedium. 
rmeo r rememoratur. 
rmisce a reminiscenUa. 
rmo a remota. 
rmo ' remotionem. 
rm r regulamur. 
rm 8 remittimus. 
rm 1 remanet, remans it, remitti 
rmte s remittemus. 
r n tegimen. 
rndem 9 respondemus. 
rndet responded. 
rndet 1 * respondetur. 
rndit respondit. 



La tin A bbrevia tions. 



131 



rnd* respondet. 

rn d ' respondendum. 

rnd respondet. 

rnddo rcspondendo. 

rude respondere. 

rndi responderi. 

ru e respondere. 

rn° respondeo, responsio, responso. 

rns respondent. 

rnsat responsalis. 

rnsio responsio. 

rns m responsum. 

rnso responso. 

rns* responsit. 

rnt respondent. 

rn* respondet, respondit. 

rntans reprcesentans. 

rnte re fere idem, respondent em. 

rnt r regulantur. 

rnb* respondent. 

rfir respoudetur. 

rnt respondet. 

ro ratf/'o, recepto, rotu/o. 

roai rationalis. 

ro do ratiocinando. 

roe ratione. 

roe rationem. 

rom rationem. 

rone ratione. 

roni rationi. 

ron les rationalnles. 

ro s rationis. 



ro 4 ' rationabiliter. 
roe ratione. 
r 0e responxione. 
roe rationem. 
roi rationi. 
rois rationis. 
rom rationem. 
rpet ur repetuntur. 
rpet r repctatur. 
rpti rescripti. 
rpt m reseriptum. 
rptu reseriptum. 
rptf rescript is. 
rpt reseriptum. 
rpugn a repugnantia. 
rpubiit reputabant. 
rpaco n pa ratio. 
rpatu reparation . 
rpit reperit. 
rpit r reperitur. 
rpiiit 1 " reperiuntur. 
rpt reparat. 
rptare report are. 
rptii repertum. 

rplPe repellere. 
rplsa repukam. 
rpls 9 repulsus. 
rpng a repugnantia. 
rphe* reprcehendit. 
rpn* reprmentat. 
rpntan reprw-sentantes. 
I rpsn dl representandi . 
k2 



132 



The Record Interpreter. 



rjr reprcesentat, reprcesentet. 

rp tat reprcesentat. 

rpmissi°e repr omission em. 

rq ir ' requireret. 

rq* requirit. 

rq r requiritur. 

rqrit requirit. 

rqrit r requiritur. 

rre regularem, 

rrib3 rcgularibus. 

rris regularis. 

mr* regulariter. 

rr m rerum. 

rr°m r esur recti oncm. 

rr ' resurreetionem. 

rr$ rerum. 

rr rerum. 

rs rcgu/as, r^s, respondet. 

rs cio resurrectio. 

rs°' m resurreetionem. 

rsp tu respcctu. 

rsti° restitutio. 

rs 9 rursus. 

rs residuo. 

rsuare reservare. 

rsuat rcservatum. 

rsuat r reservantur. 

r* regulat. 

r ta registrata. 

rt a cts reiractis. 

rt^h 1 retrahit. 

rt a nsies retramiens. 



rttit retrahit. 
rti ratfi. 
rtle 1 ' retinetur. 
rtlere retincre. 
rtiecia retinentia. 
rtia regulativa. 
rto >yc^o. 
rt° re^ro. 
rt°g e retrograde. 
rt°gde retrograde. 
rt°nare retornare. 
rt°natu rctornatum. 
rt r regulatur. 
rtro^ retroscriptis. 
r tu rcdditUy respcctu. 
r t9 respectus. 
rtctu retractum. 
rth J e retrahere. 
Hnsiuit retransmit. 
r ua relativa. 
ruere a revcrentia. 
ruocare revocare. 
ruocatu rcvocatum. 
ruore revocare. 
ruot revocat. 
r us respectus. 
ru a revera. 

rubat r reverberantur. 
ruentia reverentia. 
riilsis revulsis. 
rub at r reverberantur 
ruen a reverentia. 



Latin Abbreviations. 



133 



ruencia reverentia. 
rued 9 reverendus. 
rue? r ever enter. 
rusio r ever mo. 
ruta r revertatur. 



ruti reverti. 



ruti r revertitur. 

rx rex. 

rxiue respective. 

rx* r«r#. 

r 5 redditus, requisitus. 

r§ re rum. 



s. 



S. sanctitas, sanctus, scilicet, 
scriptum, secundus, sed, sei~ 
sina, septuaginta, sepultus, 
sequitur, serenissimus, servi, 
sibi, sigillum, rignum, sili- 
ginis, sine, sit, sive, soc- 
manni, soka, solidi, sub- 
scripsi, subscripsit, sunt, 
supra. 

s. 1. b. soka et berewica. 

s. T:. so. saca et soca. 

s a secunda, substantia, supra. 

sabfei sabbati. 

sac a sacr amentum. 

sac* 1 ' sacramentalis. 

sac a mtu sacramentum. 

sa^fi* sacrificia. 

sac°ru sacrorum. 

sao°8ce sacrosanctai. 



sacr a sacramenta. 

sacris sacraments. 

sacr m sacramentum. 

sacro sacramento. 

sac srtca, sacerdos, sacramentum, 

sacrificium. 
sac b 3 sacerdotibus. 
sac lis sacerdotalis, sacramentalis. 
sactii sacrilegii. 
saemtu sacramentum. 
sacmt sacramentum. 
8ac ta sacramenta. 
sac te sacerdote. 
sac* 1 sacramenti. 
sac tum sacerdotum, sacramentum: 
sactf? sacramentis. 
s a dcs supradictus. 
saec sceculum. 
s a empt supraemptus. 



1 34 



The Record Interpreter*. 



saena saenna. 


sat ne satisfactione. 


sagea sagena. 


s a uend supravenditus. 


saisied saisien dum . 


s a secundum. 


saisit°e saisitore. 


sag e sanguine. 


saisla saisina. 


sag^f sanguinis. 


sal c tii salictum. 


sag ne sanguine. 


salinar sa linaru m . 


sag s sanguis. 


salPii salinarii. 


sagie sanguine m. 


salu salutatio. 


sagis sanguinis. 


salu m salvagtrcliam. 


sags sanguis, sanguinis. 


sat saiiua, salts, salutem. 


saine saisina. 


satm salutem. 


saitas sanitas. 


sat ne salt at tone. 


sai te sanitate. 


sat or salvator. 


sai^ sanitatis. 


salt salutem. 


sau sanum. 


sancx sanxit. 


sa 9 sanus. 


san e sanguine. 


saina saisina. 


san is sanguinis. 


saia saisina. 


sail 9 sanus. 


sb ,<m&. • 


sap a sapientia. 


sfta substantia. 


sap e sapienfe, sapiential. 


sftt 9 subtus. 


sap er sapie uter. 


sc. sciant. 


sapi a sapientia. 


S c S&C. 


sapi tu sapientum. 


s ca sancta. 


sapia sapientia. 


scacc° scaccario. 


s a s a suprascripta. 


scacc scaccarium. 


sasla sasina. 


scaci scacci. 


sasle sasinfe. 


sc a cm scaccarium. 


si? 11 sacramcntum. 


sciibiu scambinm. 


satf Stf^tf. 


scfigiu scangium. 


satf face sat is face re. 


scd secundum. 


satfcm satisf actum. 


sc 1 scripsi, scriptum. 



Latin Abbreviations. 



135 



sci a scientia. 
sciatf sciatis. 
sc^bi scribi. 
sd^iye scribere. 
sci d ' sciendum. 
sci e scienticB, scire. 
scie? scienter. 
soil scilicet. 
sc l pt r a scriptum. 
sc^tu scriptum. 
stfpt scriptum. 
sc^pte scripturce. 

sci ter scienter. 

sci^ sclent is. 

scim sciendum. 

set scilicet. 

sciaris secular is. 

scto sceculo. 

sco. sro/«. 

gco rium scolarium. 

sc r btur scribitur. 

scribr scribitur. 

s c tf sect's. 

scu 1 scutiferi. 

sc u pul 9 scrupulus. 

scutelt scutellarius. 

scutut scutularius. 

scut scutifer. 

scu scutiferi. 

8 C, ° significatio, 

sc sanctuSy sciant. 

sea sancta. 



sea sancta m. 

sebi r scribitur. 

scb* scribit. 

sebe scribere. 

scbet 1 ' scriberetur. 

sebr scribitur. 

f\ 
scb e scribere. 

seb J et scriberent. 

scda si'cunda. 

scdo secundo. 

scd 5 secimdus. 

sedm secundum. 

seds secundus. 

see sanctce, sancte. 

sci sancti. 

scia scientia. 

scia scientiam. 

scie scientia. 

seine sanctificatio. 

sciis scientiis. 

scimoiat sanctimonialis. 

scio sanctio. 

scis Sanctis. 

sciss 9 sanctissimus. 

srism 9 sanctissimus. 

sci 9 sanctius. 

sclare sceculare. 

sclu swculum. 

set scilicet. 

scm sanctum. 

scmbiu scambium. 

sco sancto. 



136 



The Record Interpreter. 



sc°em sanctionem. 

sco? sanctorum. 

scpt r a scriptum. 

scpt r e scriptural. 

scptu scriptum. 

scptf scriptis. 

septa scriptum. 

scp m scriptum. 

scs sanctus. 

scuariu sanctuarium. 

scus sanctus, secundus. 

scuio sanctuario. 

sc 9 sanctus. 

8 d serf, mcw£. 

s. d. salutem dat, sine die, sub die. 

se. sede. 

sec^a 19 secretarius. 

sec e tf secretis. 

sec 1 ! securi. 

secul$ sceculorum. 

secut r sequuntur. 

sec secum, secus. 

secla scecula. 

seclu sazculum. 

seem securum. 

sec, secum. 

sed 8 s^fts. 

sed* s^dfttf. 

sed sedem, sedes, sedis. 

se e seppe. 

se e dcs saipedictus. 

seis seisina. 



seia semina. 

seiat seminalis. 

seiant r seminantur. 

se l0 senescallo. 

semp semper. 

sem semen. 

semi semel. 

sen a sententia. 

sen a o senescallo. 

sen b 3 sensibilibus. 

sen c tute scnectute. 

senes. senescallus. 

sen le s^mYe, sensibiie, sensuale. 

sen ua sensitwa. 

sep a septima. 

sept a m septimanam. 

septets septentrio. 

septi a septimana. 

septim septimana. 

septia septimana. 

septuasia septuagesima. 

sept septimana. 

sepult sepultura, sepultus. 

sep a separata. 

sepab r separabitur. 

sepaco separatio. 

sepalf separalis. 

sepatt separaliter. 

sepatl separatim. 

sepco separatio. 

sep du separandum. 

sep lis separabilis. 



Latin Abbreviations. 



137 



sepnt r separantur. 

sepo separatio. 

sep separate, sepes. 

sep a septima. 

sep e septimce. 

seplcm sepalcrum. 

seplis separdbilis, separalis. 

sep lis septentrionalis. 

sepna septimana. 

seq e la sequela. 

seq e ncia sequentia. 

seq e stru sequestrum. 

seq 1 sequenti, sequi. 

seq l t r sequitur. 

seq 1 ' sequitur. 

seq 1 ^ sequentis. 

sequeil sequentium. 

seqce sequacem. 

seql secularibus, sequela. 

seqr sequitur. 

seqs sequens. 

seq 8 sequentes. 

seqst a ri sequestrari. 

seqt r sequuntur. 

se r sequeretur, sequitur. 

seruic servicium. 

seru^u servitium. 

seru* servit. 

seru serviens, servitium, servus. 

seru te8 servient es. 

se ta separata. 

se. ua. seafe vacante. 



se ue sensitive. 

sex a sexagena, sexaginta. 

sext a iu sextarium. 

se 9 secws. 

see semen. 

seis seminis. 

sep m sempiternum. 

sep semper. 

seprnu sempiternum. 

sesieciu sentientium. 

seis seminis. 

sel semel. 

sere r sequeretur. 

s* «e'6t. 

sicci te siccitate. 

Sic 1 S2CW£. 

sio tas siccitas. 

Sic SJ6'w£. 

si d s«cw^. 

sig a m 9 significamus. 
sig a uit significavit. 
sig c re significare. 
sig m sig ilium, signum. 
sig° sigillo, signo. 
sigcare stp « (/2c« tv. 
sig cat significat. 
sigcas significans. 

sigcim signaculum. 

sigco significatio. 

sigct significat. 

sigfi re significare. 

sigicare significare. 



138 



The Record Interpreter. 



siglli sigilli. 

siglim sigillum. 

siglu sigillum. 

sigl sigillum. 

sigo sigillo, signiftcatio. 

sig°m significationem. 

sigones signification's. 

sig 1 ' significatur. 

sigtfi signatum. 

silig 67 ligo, siliginis. 

siliq^ siliquarum. 

silu «t7#a. 

silure silvestrc. 

SH3 scilicet. 

silf siliginis. 

sit siligo. 

sit a similia. 

site scilicet. 

sitit similiter. 

sitr similiter. 

sitt scilicet. 

sim a similia. 

simtr similiter. 

simp 1 simplici. 

simptr simp lie iter. 

simp r simpliciter. 

sim r simpliciter. 

aim* simplex. 

siml simul. 

simr simpliciter. 

sin b 3 singularibus. 

sing singulos. 



siDgla singula. 

sint singulis. 

sifila singula. 

sin los singulos. 

sin lls singularis. 

sinle sinere. 

s*pta scripta. 

s'pt'a seriptura. 

siq a s^wfl. 

siq c siquem. 

siq siquis. 

siqs siquis. 

si r similiter. 

sirothecags <?// irothecarum. 

S 1S 6*W26\ 

si* £t#Ml. 

siii S&0. 

sibolu symbolum. 

si ce simp lice m. 

si cib 3 simplicibus. 

sicm sincerum. 

sig 1 ' singulis. 

sig 1 ' singulariter. 
sig 4 ' singulariter. 
slgb3 singularibus. 
siistm sin is tram. 
si 01 ' simplicior. 
siptr simpliciter. 
siptt simpliciter. 
slp r simpliciter. 
sip x simplex. 
sip ci simplici. 



La tin A b brevia tions . 



139 



si 1 * 6 shigularem. 
slrib3 singularibus. 
six simplex. 
sieit mnpliciter. 

sie s/w. 

siia simonia. 

sil simul. 

silaeo simulatio. 

silat simulat. 

sile simile. 

silet simulet. 

sile similem. 

sili simili. 

S1K03 similibus. 

sili d0 similitudo. 

sili e similitudine. 

sili simili modo. 

silis similis, singulis. 

silitu es similitudines. 

si lit similiter. 

s ilid m similitu dinem . 

silir similiter. 

silla sigilla. 

sill b 2 syllabarum. 

sill e syllabce. 

si 10 singulo, symbolo. 

si los singulos. 

sit a similia. 

sitr similiter. 

sist a m sinistram. 

slm salute m. 

sto solutio. 



sit salute m. 

slT: scilicet. 

sm a sum ma. 

s ma sanctissima. 

g mus sattctissimus. 

sniu summurn. 

s n sed tamen. 

sn sine. 

shia sententia. 

siiiatr sentential iter. 

siiia? sententiarum. 

so a so/#. 

socfi soe#, socemannus. 

socti^ socarum. 

soc $0#£. 

sold a ii soldarii. 

solidatf solidatis. 

solid solidus. 

solli ne solicitudinc. 

sol r solvitur. 

solu 00 solummodo. 

solu° solummodo. 

S0I3 .so/tf£. 

sot so lent, solidata, soli((us f 
solum. 

soto solummndo, solutio. 

sotor solicitor. 

sotom solutionem. 

6otr solvitur. 

sot3 solent. 

so™ solum. 

so S0/0, solutio. 



140 



The Record Interpreter. 



so solet, solum, solus, solutio. 

spa a spatia. 

spa m spatium. 

spa spatio. 

spao spatio. 

sp c spectantem. 

sp c ta s spectamus. 

sp c tat spectat. 

sp c tas spectans. 

spe ce specifice. 

speci* 1 specificati. 

speco speculo. 
specl uo spcculativo. 
spee u speculativum. 
sp e ta spreta. 
sp e u a i 9 spervarius. 
spealis specialis. 
spea mc specialissimw. 
spcer specialiter. 
spei spcciei. 
speli? specialiter. 
spes species. 
spc ua speculativa. 
sp^lis spiritualis. 
sp ib 3 spiritibus. 

spiiu spirituum. 

S pitu spiritu, 

spitalis spiritualis. 
spletu spinetum. 
spi 19 spirationis. 
spialis spiritualis. 
spiaria spiciaria. 



spi'b3 spiritibus. 

spi lis spiritualis. 

sp5 lla sponsalia. 

sposa sponsa. 

sposa speciosa. 

sp semper. 

sp a sperma. 

spare sperare. 

spat 1 ' sperantur. 

spgit 1 ' spargitur. 

spnend spernendum. 

spn!e spemere. 

spu a i 9 spervarius. 

sp speciem. 

spa b 3 specialibus. 

spalis specialis, spiritualis. 

spalit specialiter, spiritualiter. 

spaliu spiritualium. 

spafb3 specialibus, spiritualibus. 

spatr specialiter, spiritualiter. 

spa m specialem. 

spa me specialissime. 

spa 1 ' specialiter, spiritualiter. 

spa tc specialitate. 

spe specie. 

spea me specialissime. 

spea r specialiter. 

spe speciem. 

spialis specialis. 

spit 9 spiritus. 

splis specialis. 

split; specialiter. 



Latin Abbreviations. 



141 



spm spat turn, spiritum. 

spo spatio. 

spralis spirit a a lis. 

spralit spirit u a liter. 

sprli spirit a all. 

sps species, spiritus, suspcnsus. 

sptactm spectaculum. 

spu spiritu. 

spualis spiritualis. 

spule spiritualcm. 

sput spiritualis. 

spufr spiritualiter. 

spus spiritus. 

spu 4 ' spiritualiter. 

spur spiritualiter. 

sp 9 spiritus. 

sptis spretis. 

sq^Ha squillaria. 

sq'llari 9 squillarius. 

s r super. 

s r gut surgunt. 

s r g surgent, surgit, surgunt. 

s. r. i. sacrum Romanum impe- 

rium. 
ss. sacerdotes, sancti, sanctissi- 

mus, scilicet , secundus, sen- 

sus, sestertii, Spiritus Sane- 

tus, suis, sunt. 
st a strata. 
stabilico stabilitio. 
stab ta8 stabilitas. 
st a ciatu straciatvm. 



st a gtur strangulatur. 

st a Ie str amine. 

st a me stramen. 

st a ta strata. - 

st a taga stratagema. 

stat m statutum. 

statu™ statutum. 

st a tum stratum. 

stat m statutum. 

stagnu stangnum (stagnum). 

s tem sanctitatem. 

st j ct 9 strictus. 

st^e stringere. 

st'maii 9 sti reman nus. 

stipto stipulatio. 

strae stramen. 

strige stringere. 

stcte stride. 

stct 9 strictus. 

stlla &£?//#. 

st me stramen. 

stmla stramina. 

sing 1 stringit. 

8tng tur strangulatur, stringitur 

sto statute-. 

st stermannus. 

stil tas sterilitas. 

stit sterilis. 

stman 9 stermannus. 

sT: *m?. 

su a summa. 

subalt n .s m A^7 It e mat we . 



142 



The Record Interpreter. 



subpones suppositiones. 

subs sub slgillo. 

suba substantia. 

suba a substantia. 

subalis substantialis. 

suba substantiam. 

sube substautice, substantive. 

subis substantiis. 

succ uo successive. 

succo successio. 

succom successionem. 

succ* succedit, succidit. 

sudoe sudore. 

su e sumtnce. 

suffi a sufficient ia. 

suffica sufficientia. 

suffi ns suffieiens. 

suffi nt ' sufficienter. 

suf* sufficit. 

sum 9 surnus. 

sum a summa. 

sum 9 summus. 

sum summonitio, summonito}\ 

summonitum. 
suma summa. 
sum a i 9 summarius. 
sums sumens, sumptus. 
suore summonere. 
sup a supra. 
sup snpplicatio. 
supp ca0 snpplicatio. 
supp cat supplicat. 



suppe a swd poena. 

supp 1 ' supplicatur, supponitur 

supp fli supplicandi . 

supp e suppone, suppositw. 

supp m supposition. 

suppo supposition supposifo. 

supp til supposita. 

supp tu suppositum. 

sup super. 

supb 9 super bus. 

supcilifi supercilium . 

suphid superhidagium . 

supi b 3 •'Mperioribus. 

supi°itas superioritas. 

supi°it te superioritate. 

supio m superiorem. 

supi 9 super im. 

supnu super num. 

sup°tas superioritas. 

suppl 9 superplusagium . 

supsbalis super su bstantialis. 

supus supervisor. 

sup tu suppositum. 

suptm suppositum. 

supmu supremum. 

supm^ supremus. 

surcts surculus. 

su s suis y superius. 

suspcm suspectum. 

suspns 9 suspensus. 

susten t sustentandu m . 

susted sustinendum. 



Latin Abbreviations. 



143 



sustfi sustmtationem. 
su* sunt. 
suu suum. 
su a summa. 
sueud mmendum. 
sui summi. 
sui r sumitur. 
suit sumit. 
suma summa. 
sumagiu summagium. 
sum a i 9 summarias. 
sumaie summarise. 
sume summit. 
sumoia summonita. 
sum 9 summus. 

sum summonita. 

8U° summo. 

suope summopere. 

supco sumptio. 

sup ne sumptione. 

silu sum mum. 

su 9 sumus. 

SU Mftf. 

sy a symonia. 
syo a symonia. 
syo a r symonia cis. 
S3 ««/. 
S30 secundo. 

Sj *«#• 

s 9 suspendatur, snspensus. 

s 9 cipit'd suscipiendu m . 

s 9 cipe susciperc. 



s 9 pect 9 suspectus. 

s 9 ped e suspendere. 

s 9 pesu suspensum. 

s 9 pice suspicere. 

s 9 pcm suspect 'urn. 

s 9 pi r suspenditur. 

s 9 pns 9 suspenses. 

s 9 tent sustentaculum, s-ustentatio, 

sustcntum. 
s 9 tiSe sustinere. 
s 9 tled sustinendum. 

S 70000. 

s scilicet, semper, sept i man a. 

sa secunda, sua. 

sarie secundaria^. 

sario secundaria. 

sa secundum, suam. 

sb swi. 

sbbo sabbato. 

sb c e subject a 3 . 

sb c o suhjecto. 

sbdei subdelegatus. 

sb c subjects, substantia*.. 

sbe subest. 

sb ia substantia. 

sbi c tu subjectmn. 

sbico subjectio. 

sbics subjectus. 

sbiug* subjungit. 

sbitltndo subintelligendo. 

sbli tas suMimitas. 

sb m subjectum. 



144 



The Record Interpreter. 



sbpo supposito. 

sbscb ra subscribendum. 

sbsta cio substantiatio. 

sbstco substractio. 

sbst tis substitutis. 

sbst t0 substitute, substrato. 

sbst subsunt. 

sbstn ia subsistentia. 

sbstk subsistere. 

sbt a ccio subtractio. 

sbt a ]pe subtrahere. 

sbtit subtilis. 

sbti ta8 subtilitas. 

sbt 9 subtus. 

sbtco subtractio. 

sbtble subtrahere. 

sbtxit subtraxeritd. 

sbusom subversionem. 

sba substantia. 

sbalit substantialiter . 

sbat substantialis. 

sba r substantialiter. 

sba, substantias. 

sba m substantivum. 

sbe substantia 3 . 

sbi suhjecti. 

sbia substantia. 

sbiis substantiis. 

sbiua substantiva. 

sbm suhjectum, substantiam. 

sbt subest. 

sbt 9 subitus. 



sea sancta. 

scaco significatio. 

sca r significatur. 

seas sanctas. 

scat significat. 

scags sanctorum. 

scci te siccitatem. 

seep susceptio. 

scia scientia. 

scie scientice. 

%&Q.° sacrificio. 

sciis scientiis. 

scio sanctio. 

sciou sanctionum. 

scipdfi suscipiendum. 

scipe suscipere. 

scir* sanciret. 

sci 9 sanctius. 

sola scecula. 

sclare sceculare. 

scli smculi. 

sclo scpculo. 

sclc-gs. sccculorum. 

schn sceculum. 

sctris scecularis. 

sc°em sanctionem ,significationem. 

seo m significationcm. 

sc r significatur. 

scs sanctus. 

sc* significat. 

scus sanctus. 

sc 9 sanctus. 



Latin Abbreviations. 



145 



so sacer, sanctus. 
sea sacra, sancta* 
see sacrce, sanctce. 
sola swath. 
sclare sceculare. 
soli SfBCiili. 
solo sceculo. 
sclop sceculorum. 
scs sanctus. 
sdcus supradictus. 
§d 9 s urdus. 
sdus supradictus. 
s e substantia*. 
sfF iens sufficiens. 
sfp 14 sufficit. 
sff* sufficit. 
sf* sufficit. 
sg* sjgrm. 
sg° significatio. 
sgabit significabit. 
sgat significat. 
sgas significans. 
sgat significant. 
sgbit significabit. 
sgnt significant. 
sgt significat. 
sgt e significative. 
§gt r significatur. 
si ac«W, secundi. 
sies series. 
s 18 secundis. 
si simul. 

M. 



sla singula. 

sle substantialem. 

slis similis, singulis, snhstan- 

tialis. 
sltm salutem. 
slf similis, singulis. 
slm similem. 
slo solutio. 
site salute. 

sm secundum, summum. 
s m subjectum. 
sm 1 sibimet, submittet. 
smgt r submergitur. 
sn a sententia. 
- sn am sententiam. 
sndu significandum. 
snia sententia. 
snialr sententialiter. 
snias sententias. 
snia$ sententiarum. 
snia sententiam. 
sniado sententiando. 
siiie sent entice. 
sniis sententiis. 

s ns significant. 
s nt significant. 
sn JM»e. 
s° secundo, sermo. 



s° ,m sermonern. 



s 0e sermone. 
sp c t 9 suspectus. 
spectr suspenditur 



146 



The Record Interpreter. 



sped'e suspendere. 


srio 1 superiori. 


spes serpens. 


sri rem superiorem. 


spe 8 suspendens. 


sri 9 superius. 


spes 9 suspensus. 


srna superna. 


spet 9 suspectus. 


srna r super natur a liter. 


sp :t> simpliciter. 


srnt super natur alls. 


sppoSe supponere. 


srno$ super norum. 


sppto supposito. 


srn r spemitur. 


sp r simpliciter y super. 


srn r supematura liter. 


sp x simplex. 


srS supernaturaliter. 


sp semper, super. 


Srogat 9 surrogates. 


spes suspectus. 


sroge surrogare. 


spi r suspenditur. 


srpl 9 superplus. 


spit simpliciter. 


srpodat r super ponder atur. 


spt 9 suspectus. 


Srpo t,r superponitur. 


sq e la sequela. 


Sr* superest, supersit. 


sr super, superior. 


§8 SM*S. 


s r similiter, substantialiter, super. 


§s a substantia. 


srare superare. 


§&Q x h T subscribitur. 


srate superante. 


Ss 1 subscripsi. 


srbia superbia. 


sVfelis sensibilis. 


srb 9 superbus. 


§si le sensibile. 


srclu surculum. 


Ssi lia sensibilia. 


sr es superficies. 


§sit sensit. 


srex* surrexit. 


§si tas sensibilitas. 


sr'' super ficiem. 


§siti us sensiticus. 


srei* supereminet. 


Ssit sensibiliter. 


srfi b 3 superficiebus. 


ssu sensu.. 


srfi e superficie. 


§s ua sensitiva. 


srfi Ii8 superficial^. 


ssualit sensualiter. 


srtin* superabundant. 


Ssual sensualis. 


srior superior. 


Ssu sensum. 



Latin Abbreviations. 



147 



§s 9 sensus. 






§u sew. 


ss seisinam. 






§x simplex. 


ssa° sensatio. 






sico serico. 


ssa 1 ' sensualiter. 






sies series. 


ss'm sensum. 




* 


sie seriem. 


sssi subscripsi. 






^ - 

spes serpens. 


ss 1 subscripsit. 






spete serpentem. 


st **Y, #wȣ. 






?ta s^rfa. 


s* significat. 






suare servare. 


§ te significatce. 






suad servandum. 


stent sustentaculum, su 


Centum. 


suiciu servitium. 


s u subjecti. 






suies serviens. 


stine a sustinentia. 






suit ser tills. 


stin* sustinet, sustinuit. 






?uit b 3 servitutibus. 


stinle sustinere. 






suit r a servitura. 


s t0 scripto, significato, subjecto. 


su 1 servet. 


st r significatur. 






suu servum. 


§ tu scriptum, significatum, 


sub- 


su^ sercus. 


jectum. 






sus servus. 



T. 



T. centum sexaginta, talis, taliter, 
tempus, tenent, tenet, tene- 
tur, ter, terra, tertius, tes- 
tamentum, testata, teste, 
testibus, theologice, tibi, 
titulum, tunc. 

t a lalta, tertia. 

ta a tabula. 



tabar tabardum. 
t a bs £rafo. 
t a ctare tractare. 
t a cta u tractatu. 
t a ct 9 tractus. 
t a c t9 tractatus. 
t a dcco traductio. 
l2 



148 



The Record Interpreter. 



t a dco traditio. 

t a de r tradetur. 

t ft di tradi. 

t a dico traditio. 

t a d° traditio. 

t a ddo tradendo, traducendo. 

t a dr traditur. 

t a dt traderet y tradit. 

t*d)e tradere. 

t a hut r trahuntur. 

t a lre trahere. 

tain tainus. 

ta la tabula. 

talet talentum. 

tal 8 fo/&. 

tafa talenta. 

tatnt m talentum. 

tatr taliter. 

tats ta#s. 

ta m tantum. 

tarn tamen, tantum. 

t a n 6e transmutatione. 

tftiq'litas tranquillitas. 

t a nquillis tranquillis. 

t a ns £r#ns. 

t a nsacco transactio. 

t'hisce* transcenditur. 

t a nsc i b ur transcribitur. 

t a nscbi transcribe'. 

t a nsgrom transgressionem. 

t a nsgrone transgressione. 

t a nsi° transitio. 



t a nsire transire. 

t a nsit 9 transitus. 

t a nsi ue transitive. 

t a nsla a translata. 

t a nslo translatio. 

t a nsra° transmutatio. 

t^nsm 1 ^ transmutatur. 

t a ns° transmutatio. 

t a nspens transparens. 

t a ns te transeunte. 

^ns*' transmutatum. 

t a nsupt 9 transumptus. 

t a ns transgressio. 

t a nsba° transsubstantiatio. 

t a ns lia transmutabilia . 

t a n t9 transitus. 

tantd tantnndem. 

tantm tantummodo. 

ta r taliter, tangitur, tardatur 

t a sto translatio. 

ta torn. 

taq tanquam. 

ta* tangit. 

tatu tantum. 

ta* tardescit. 

t ci triplici. 

tc fomc. 

te. fe«<?£. 

t e tempore. 

te a tenura. 

te do tenendo. 

te e tempore. 



Latin Abbreviations. 



149 



teioalis testimonialis. 


testo testamento, testimonio. 


temp 9 tempus. 


tes^ testamenti. 


tempe tempore. 


tetr m tetricum. 


t e mdi tremendi. 


t e uga treuga. 


teme temere. 


t e9 tempus. 


temitas temeritas. 


te a d r is tenandriis. 


ten a tenura. 


teens tenens. 


ten a me tentamen. 


teet fe«e£. 


tenfi tennus (tainus). 


tepm templum. 


ten°e tenor em. 


tep° temptatio. 


ten r tenentur, tenetur. 


tepta temptatio. 


ten tenens, tenuit. 


tepto temptatio. 


tens tenens. 


tep 9 tempus. 


tent tenent. 


tepan a temperantia. 


tent r tenentur. 


tepe tempore. 


teotn teoloneo. 


tep tempore. 


te r tenentur, tenetur. 


tet r tenetur. 


t e 8 tfre«. 


tea r teneatur. 


tesmto testamenlo. 


tebat r tenebantur. 


testametu testamentum. 


teb°sit tenebrositatem. 


testate testante. 


teb°s 9 tenebrosus. 


testat r testantur. 


tefes tenebras. 


testarius testamentarius. 


tem r tenemur. 


testib3 tcstibus. 


teor teneor. 


testi m testimonium. 


tere tenere. 


testio testimonio. 


th a m thaxam (taxam). 


testiu tedium. 


theo e theologice. 


testloim testimonium. 


theot theologies. 


testio m testimonium. 


thorns Thomas, tomus. 


testi testamenti. 


tho e theologice. 


testii testimonii. 


thos Thomas. 


testm testamentum, testimonium. 


th thesauro. 



150 



The Record Interpreter, 



ttia tethinga, thaxa, thema. 

tfiata themata. 

thau a ri 9 thesaurarius. 

thaurari 9 thesaurarius. 

tfiaur thesaurum. 

tfiaui thesauri. 

ttio 8 ^ theologicarum. 

tftot theologicum. 

thri thesauri. 
thrio thesaurario. 
ttirm thesaurum. 
thro thesauro. 
t 1 f#t. 
t*a £n«. 
t J as trinitas. 
t x bun e tribunate. 
t l h} tribus. 
tfb 5 tribus. 
frbio tribulatio. 
t ica triplica. 
t lce triplicem. 
t ici triplici. 
t'e trinitate. 
t'e trinitatem. 
t*is trinitatis. 
ti 10 ftfa/o. 
ti 19 titulus. 
timtes timentes. 
tfni ^'»f. 
t^i^ trinitate. 



tfni'f trinitatis. 

frnod trinoda. 

t 1 n°tiu trinoctium. 

t x Ji 9 trinus. 

ti° &'Mo. 
^ipci triplici 

t J pt r tripliciter. 

t J p x triplex. 

frp 1 " triplicatur. 

t x pt tripliciter. 

t x s trinitas. 

frsti* tristitia. 

frstis* tristissima. 

t 1 stissi tristissimi. 

tfst 8 tristis. 

frte trinitate. 

titto titulo. 

t*tf trinitatis. 

titl a i titulari. 

titlatu titulatum. 

titlo titulo. 

tittm titulum. 

titts titulus. 

t'u trium. 

^uphatf triumphantis. 

fruphu triumphum. 

ti x triplex. 

t 1>r tripliciter. 

tn tamen, tenementa, tenentium, 

to a fota. 



Latin Abbreviations. 



151 



to a lif totaliter. 

tocies totiens. 

toci 9 totiens, totius. 

to 19 totius. 

tolit r tollitur. 

tolta le tolerabile. 

tollan* tolerantia. 

toltr tollitur. 

toiani 9 toleramus. 

tola 8 toleramus. 

totr totaliter. 

t° tertio. 

to m tomum, totam, totum. 

t°m° tertio modo. 

to 118 totiens. 

tons tonsionem, tonsionis. 

to° fofo. 

to r totaliter. 

torfi tu torneamentum. 

tor tu torneamentum. 

totarr totaliter. 

tot r totaliter. 

tomtf tormentis. 

tpe tempore. 

tpr tempore. 

tr a transgressione. 

trab trabes. 

tranqlt tranquillus. 

transit 9 transitus. 

transiu* transivit. 

tra tr actum. 

t r ba r turbatur. 



t r bau t turbavit. 

t r bfi turbam. 

t r be trabem. 

t r b3 tribus. 

t. r. e. tempore regis Edwardi. 

tremedu tremendum. 

treedu tremendum. 

tript tripliciter y triplum. 

triptita tripartita. 

trip tripliciter. 

tri r triplicatur, tripliciter. 

tristi a tristitia. 

tri tum triplicatum. 

t T h turnum. 

t r pe turpem. 

t r pi d0 turpitudo. 

t r pis turpis. 

t r pissja turpissima. 

t r pit turpiter. 

t r re turrem. 

t r rib3 turribus. 

t r ris turris. 

tuco tuitio. 

turon Turonensium. 

turrfctm thuribulum. 

tur Turonensium. 

tut°u tutorum. 

tuto? tutorum. 

tutf tfwfts. 

tutla tutela, 

t% tenet. 



152 



The Record Interpreter. 



t 160000, etiam, tallia, tarn, 
tamen, tempore, tenemen- 
tum 9 tenet, terrce, titulum, 
totum. 

ta tria. 

tbla tabula. 

tc tunc. 

tcq^ tuncque. 

tctare tractare. 

tcta u tr aetata. 

tct 9 tactus, tractus. 

te t9 tractatus. 

t c ' triplicis. 

tde tarde. 

t e tempore, tertice, 

th e trahere. 

thr trahitur. 

tire trahere. 

tid^ timidus. 

tis termini s. 

t ls temporis. 

tie fa&>. 

ties fafcs. 

tie talem. 

tlia £a/ia. 

tlit taliter. 

tliu taliurn. 

tlo triple 

tt fa/«s. 

tlm talem. 

tir taliter. 

tm tamen, tantam, tantum. 



trad tantundem. 

tmm° tantummodo. 

tmmo tantummodo. 

tm° tantummodo. 

tm°o tantummodo. 

tmp 9 tempus. 

tnipe tempore. 

tn tamen. 

tndu tenendum. 

tn™ tantum. 

tnta tarda. 

tnto tawfo. 

tnb's tenebris. 

tnb°sa tenebrosa. 

tnr tenentur. 

tpla templa. 

tplaii templarii. 

tplu templum. 

tpt a i temptari. 

tpt 10 ternptatio. 

tpus tempus. 

tp s tempus. 

tpa tempora. 

tp a temperata. 

tpa b 3 temporalibus. 

tpamtu temperamentum. 

tpamt temperamentum. 

tpan a temperantia. 

tpan e temper antics. 

tpa r temporaliter. 

tpare temperare. 

tpatu temper atum. 



Latin Abbreviations. 



153 



tpaiiitf temper are ritis. 

tpat tempera nt. 

tpe tempore. 

tpi tempori. 

tpib3 tempo ribus. 

tpies temperies. 

tpis temporis. 

tp le temporale. 

tpm temporum. 

tpu temporum. 

tpm 1 ' temptamur. 

tpra tempora. 

tpre tempore. 

tpri tempori. 

tprib} temporibus. 

tprlis temporalis. 

?ps tempus. 

tq a tanquam. 

t s tempus. 

ttam testamento. 

ttm° tantummodo. 

tt ^ti/i. 

tti £t'Mi. 

ttm testamentum, titulum. 

t x trip /ex. 

tj tenent. 

t Apr, termino, terra, tertiam. 

tcetf trecentis. 

?cia tertia. 

tcia tertiam. 

rciu tertiam. 

tci 9 iertius. 



?ebntia tercbinthina. 
tgo fer<70. 
? ia terftfl. 
ti m tertium. 
rini termini. 
xm m terminum. 
tino termino. 
?inos terminos. 
t?inu terminum. 
tin 9 terminus. 
?ifi terminum. 
?ia p terminabilis. 
tia° terminatio. 
tia r terminatur. 
tiari terminari. 
tiato terminato. 
r 1 at u ^rm iff « ^ wrw . 
tie r terminetur. 
?ii termini. 
tio termino. 
tio m terminationem. 
tios terminos. 
'tis ter minis. 
t?ius terminus. 
?m tertium. 
t^ terminum. 
tmi 8 terminus. 
tmio termino. 
tm terminum. 
tmi termini. 
tna terrena. 
tnu terrenum. 



154 



The Record Interpreter. 



?° tertio. 


tror terror. 


t?og terminorum. 


troe tcrrore. 


tra terra. 


cr terrce, terris. 


8ra$ terrarum. 


ts terminus. 


tra terram. 


?si fern. 


fre terrce. 


ttia tertia. 


tre 9 terrenus. 


ttio tertio. 


tribtr terribiliter. 


t'tifi tertium. 


tri 11 terrihili. 


tti 9 tertius. 


tris terris. 


1 et. 



u.* 



V. 


quinque, quintus. 


\i a iatl variatim. 


u. 


vale, valent, valet, ubi, ubi- 


uai* variat. 




cunque, vera, verbum, ver- 


uald wz/dfe. 




sus, verum, vestra, victus, 


uaP valebat, valet. 




videlicet, videtur, vidua, vir, 


ual3 0<z&£. 




virgo, vivas, vivens, vixit, 


uariat variant. 




una, unum, vobis, voluit, 


uari*' variatum. 




votum, vovit, ut, uti, utri- 


uari ne variatione. 




que, utrum. 


uarom variationem. 


ua 


vacant e. 


• 
ua* m/0£. 


u a 


una. 


uaiat variat. 



* In this list w is printed throughout for w and v, except for the 
numeral, as most early MSS. use only the one letter. In some 
MSS., however, the letter v is always used for an initial, even when 
it is a vowel ; as vnus for unus, vmbra for umbra, vua for uva. 



Latin Abbreviations. 



155 



ubi9q,, ubicunquc. 

ubii ubilibet. 

ubiq ubique. 

ub. vobis. 

ubiore uberiorem. 

ue. venit. 

ue a s vesper as. 

ue d ££/w£. 

uegele vegetabile. 

uehut 1 " vehuntur. 

uennr vehementer. 

uet velis. 

ueid ^e/w^. 

uena b 3 venationibus. 

uen a b3 venerabilibus. 

uend venditum. 

uen lis venerabilis. 

ueii venalis, venerabilis, veneris, 

venerunt, venit. 
uenlis veneris. 
uenj 1 ' venerabilis. 
uenmt venerunt. 
uertn verumtamen. 
uescet r veseeretur. 
uesp vesper. 
ues^tu vespertinurn. 
uesti m vestimentum. 
uet 9 vetus. 
ueta Vetera. 
uetib3 veteribus. 
ued* vendidit, vendit. 
ued it vendidit. 



J 



ued'e vendere. 
ueiebt veniebat. 
uei le veniale. 
ueit t?em'£. 
uei*' renia liter. 
ue 11 veniali. 
ue* «vm#. 
uefrs ventris. 
uet r m venturum. 
uetu ventum. 
uet 9 ventus. 
ueti ventri. 
uet venter. 
ueisile verisimile. 
ueit 5 vetitum. 
uei*f veritatis. 
ueo veneno, vero. 
ug nr^o. 
uge virgine. 
ugi virgini. 
u 1 wfo'. 
ui a vigilia. 

vj a S#zfo. 

uicar vicaria, vicarius. 
uice b 3 vicecomitibus. 
uicecom vieecomes. 
uicecoitat vicecomitatus. 
uici m vicinum. 
uicls vicinis. 
u*cq ubicunque. 
uic rie vicariai. 
uic 1 " 19 vicarius. 



136 



The Record Interpreter, 



uict vicecomitatum. 


vij a septima. 


u^cuqj ubicunque. 


vij em sept em. 


uic vicarius, vicccomes, vicesima, 


vij° septimo. 


vicinarum. 


uill. w7/a, villanus. 


u^e ubicunque. 


uillari villanus. 


uic is vicinis. 


uilla villam. 


uicla vincula. 


uilt v*7/a, villani, villis. 


u^cc^ ubicunque. 


uilti villani. 


uic* videlicet. 


uilius villctnus. 


vic tl vicecomiti. 


uilt 9 villanus. 


uic t vicecom itatum . 


ui m vinum. 


u^ty ubicunque. 


uincta vinculo. 


uide r videtur. 


uincla vincula. 


uid3 videlicet. 


uin vineaz. 


uid videndum, vidua. 


VJ° S#Z?fo. 


uiddi videndi. 


ui°ne visione. 


uidd m videndum. 


ui°' m visionem. 


uidem r videremur. 


ui r videtur. 


uiditf videritis. 


uirg a virgata. 


uidr videatur, videtur, videntur. 


uirgat virgata. 


uid3 videndum.. 


uirg virgata, virginis, virgo. 


uig a vigilia. 


uisca viscera. 


u^gine virginem. 


uis r £ visuris. 


uigi li viginti. 


uis 9 WSWS. 


u^gis virginis. 


uis° two. 


uigiti viginti. 


ui l videlicet. 


uigt vigilia. 


ui te virtu te. 


u ! go wr<70. 


uit e e vitrece. 


u*g 8 Virginia. 


uit*c vitricus. 


uig vigent, viginti. 


u [ t v virtutem. 


u'g virgata, virgo. 


M { t\x or virtuosior. 


uigi viginti. 


u^u 88 virtuosa. 



Latin Abbreviations. 



157 



u^tute virtute. 
u't 9 virtus. 
ui t9 virtus. 
uit vitalis, vitulum. 
uitlo^ vitu Jorum. 
uito? vitiorutn. 
uiu a iu vivarium. 
uiunt vivnnt. 
uiue vivere. 
u 1 ' ubicunque. 
ui3 videlicet. 
uia #mtf. 
U103 viribus. 
uiela vincula. 
uidce vindictce. 
uio? vinorum. 

uiu vinum. 

ui ciW. 

uid viribus. 

uide viride. 

uilr viriliter. 

uio «??Vo. 

uio? virorum. 

uire vitare. 

uis verbis. 

ui 1 #m£. 

ul a ultima. 

u le universale. 

u lis universalis. 
ullo uJJomodo. 
ul° ultimo. 
ul rem ulterior em. 



ult a wftrtf. 

ulti m ultimum. 

ultio ultimo. 

ult° ultimo, ultro. 

uit ultima. 

ulti ultimi. 

ulto ultimo, ultio. 

ulto m ultionem. 

uit ^ tf^ifiifi presentatio. 

ul?i 9 ulterius. 

uit valete. 

u m tn verumtamen. 

unani unanimi. 

unao/ unaqnaque. 

unai? unanimiter. 

unc uncia. 

undic^ undiqne. 

und tt#wfe. 

undqq> undequaque. 

ungm unguentum. 

uni°e unione. 

u nis virginis. 

uniu^ universitatis. 

uniusis universis. 

uniusis universis. 

uni5e unitione. 
uno° mwo worfo. 
ufi wwcfe, unum. 
unis nniverms. 



unusf universis. 
unus wm.£ 
uo. wiis. 



unus universis 



158 



The Record Interpreter, 



u° vero. 

u°ant r vocantur. 

uo a nt r vocantur. 

uo as voluntas. 

uoca e vocatce. 

uoc ter vocaliter. 

uoctf vocatis. 

uola b 3 volatilibus. 

uolei! volentes. 

uole 8 volentes. 

uoli ne volitione. 

uo lis vocalis. 
uol 9 volumus. 
uoi voluntatem. 
uotis voluntatis. 
uott volunt. 
uoite voluntatem. 
uo ns volens. 
uonr vocantur. 

u°q°q > unoquoque. 

uo r vocatur. 

uo rie voluntarie. 
uo 8 vocamus. 
uo tas voluntas. 
uo tus vocatus. 
uo*' voluntatum. 
uotf f»#S. 
u°tm vocativum. 
uo do volendo. 
uole vocalem. 
uom 9 vocamus. 



uont 1 * vocantur. 
uo vocatur. 
uos voluntas. 
uot pocr^. 
uo te voluntate. 
uoto^ vocatorum. 
uot r vocatur. 
uot 8 vocatus. 
uotf vocatis. 
uo*f voluntatis. 
v que quinque. 
urm vestrum. 
usq>° usquequo. 

us 9>q a 3 usquequaque. 

us r a usuram. 

US3 ws<^<?. 

us tt*0W, ^s^. 

ut a q utraque. 

ute° utendo. 

ut* utri. 



rti 



quinti. 



utitr utiliter. 
ut 1 ^ utrique. 
ut 15 ^ utriusque. 
utlagau utlagavit. 
ui\ utlagatus. 
ut m w^m. 
ut 111 ^ utrumque. 
ut° wtfro. 



7 to 



quinto. 



u^bic^ utrobique. 
ut°b3 utrobique. 



Latin Abbreviations. 



159 



ut r utlagetur, ut probatur. 

uts. ut supra. 

ut 1 ut dieit. 

v tus quint us. 

ut ut patet. 

uPqj utriusque. 

ut? uter. 

u¥q> uterque. 

uut »&#. 

UX M#0?\ 

uxe uxor em. 

uxf uxor is. 

U3, V3 t?m?A ( Welsh for daughter) . 

u 9 versus. 

v quinque milia. 

uaq a (k unaquaque. 

ua unam. 

ub e umbra. 

ubra umbra. 

uco unctio. 

ui a8 unitas. 

ui ter universaliter. 

ui t§ unitatem. 

uiusat universalis. 

uiusatr universaliter. 

uiusis universis. 

ui 9 unius. 

iiPcc^ uniuseujuscunque. 

fiicq uniuseujuscunque. 

ul w/. 

iillo ww//o wo(/o. 

uo° wwo mode 



uoq ^ unoquoque. 

uoquock unoquoque. 

uq unquatn. 

uu unum. 

u 9 MWWS. 

u wfo", «£, #er&/. 

u a ##ra. 

ufe tttfa's. 

U9q > ubicunque. 

ugi e virgine. 

ugi is virginis. 

ugi tas virginitas. 

ugim virginum. 

ugns virginis. 

ugo franco. 

ug virginis. 

ugi virgini. 

ug 1 ' virginalis. 

iig'e vergere. 

ui 0m. 

uis w'sts. 

iil w/. 

ul c 00/ 8f£J. 

ule universale. 

ul e valete. 

ules universales. 

ulia universalis. 

ulib 1 ubilibet. 

uli m univermlium . 

uliors universaliores. 

uli r universaliter. 

ulis universalis. 



160 



The Record Interpreter. 



ult vellet. 


utu ventum. 


lilt vult. 


u*f virtutis. 


uf valet. 


ut 9 virtus. 


ute valete. 


u #er, versus. 


uti reluti. 


ua twfl. 


um verum. 


u a verba. 


urn 9 videmus. 


uace veracem. 


un b 3 venerabilibus. 


uacir veraciter. 


u ne virginem. 


ua veram. 


unt r videntur. 


uba verba. 


untu vmtum. 


ubi a «wfo* gratia. 


unr videntur. 


ubo verbo. 


uo verbo. 


ubu verbum. 


u° wV^O. 


u b 3 versibus. 


uq e unaquaque. 


ub verbisy verbum. 


uqq^ unaquaque. 


ufea verbera. 


ur tester, vestitur, videtur, vir, 


uba r verberatur. 


vomer. 


ubat verbera t. 


ura vestra. 


ube 1 ' verberetur. 


ure vestrw, videre. 


ubib3 verberibus. 


uris vestris. 


ue tv?r<?. 


urm vestrum. 


ileeud verecundus. 


uro^ vestrorum. 


uget verget. 


u s virtuosus. 


uges vergens. 


us 9 versus. 


uge vergere. 


us versiones, vesperas. 


ui #m. 


u* videlicet. 


u 1 wri*. 


u te virtute. 


ui as Veritas. 


u tes virtufes. 


u ib 3 verberibus, veritatibus. 


utu 8 virtutes. 


u {ca»r verificatur. 


utut m virtutum. 


uifi r rerificatur. 


utu*' virtualiter. 


uis »em. 



Latin Abbreviations. 



161 



u is verbis. 


uo^ verorum. 




ui s Veritas. 


u°£ verborum. 




uisiie verisimile. 


us rerun. 




uisilit verisimiliter. 


usi e>em. 




uitas Veritas. 


usu versum. 




ui te veritate. 


us versus. 




ui* 1 veritati. 


us 9 versus. 




ui^ veritatis. 


utat r vertantur. 




ui 9 verius. 


utor vertor. 




urn verum. 


ute vertere. 




u m verbum. 


uuex rervex. 




umec verumetiam. 


uu rerum. 




lime vermem. 


uuptn verumptamen 


(rerum- 


umf vermis. 


tamen). 




do w?ro. 


uiit n verumtamen. 




u° wrfio. 


u u vereclictum versus. 





w. 



w a atizaftm 9 warantizabimus. 
w a ato waranto. 
w a de wardai. 
walagiu wainagium. 
wapentac wapentacium. 
wapentag wapentagium. 
wapentak wapentakium. 
wap wapentagium. 
warant warantum. 

M. 



war warantia, ivarantizabunt, 

warantum. 
waro waranto. 
withl nam withemamium. 
wlgarit vulgariter. 
wig 9 vulgus. 
win 9 vulnus. 
wlSa vulnera. 
wipes vulpes. 

M 



162 



The Record Interpreter. 



wit vult. 
wlt r vultur. 
w r ccu wreccum. 



wreco wrecco. 
w th nam ivithernamium. 



x. 



X. Christus, decern, denarii. 

x a decima. 

xannalifo decennalibus. 

xc Christus. 

x ce decern. 

x 1 Christi. 

xi a undecima. 

x^n 9 Christianus. 

x*i Christi. 

xii a duodecimo,. 

xii c! duodecim. 

xii 9 duodecimus. 

x'n 9 Christianus. 

xi 9 undecimus. 

xl a Quadragesima, quadraginta. 

xl e quadragesimal. 

x lis decimalis. 

xl hs quadragesimalis. 
xl ma quadra gesima. 

xlmal quadragesimalis. 
xl me quadra gesimce. 
xtsima quadragesima. 
x m decern. 



x ma decima. 

x° Christo. 

xpc Christus. 

xpe Christe. 

xpi Christi. 

xpiano? Christianorum. 

xpian 9 Christianus. 

xpm Christum. 

xpo Christo. 

xpofor 9 Christqforus. 

xps Christus. 

xri Christi. 

x t! Christi. 

xv mo quindecimo. 

x 9 decimus. 

x decern milia. 

x decern, decimus. 

xana Christiana. 

xan 9 Christianus. 

xa$ decimarum. 

x e decimal. 

xi Christi. 

xm Christum. 



Latin Abbreviations. 



163 



Y. 



f 150. 




ypo ce ypothetice. 


ydo a ydonea. 




yunag yvernagium (hi 


yd tas ydentitas. 




gium) . 


ye a le yemale (hiemale). 


y 9 ymnus. 


yeal yemalis (liiemalis). 


y JZ50000. 


yee yeme (hieme). 




yag ymaginibus. 


yes 3/em.s (hiems). 




yno ^th-mo (hymno). 


ymag ymaginibus. 




ynu ymniim (hymnnm). 


ym ne ymagine. 




yn 9 ymnus {hymnus). 


ym° ymago. 




yizare ymnizare. 


y° ymago, ymmo (immo). 


yizat ymnizant. 


yy) c Kypotheca. 







z. 



z 2000. 

zo ci zodiaci. 



zoa 20««. 
Z 200000. 



3 e£, gwe, ws. 



-r tfstf. 



m2 



164 



The Record Interpreter. 



FRENCH ABBREVIATIONS.* 



A. 

about aboutant. 


app s appartenans. 
appt appert. 
appten appartenant. 


aoae a cause. 


appu approuver. 


aoq r acquereur. 
aSs acres. 
ad at advocat. 
ad cat advocat. 


apteii appartenant. 
aps flares, 
arp arpent, arpens. 
arrest arrester. 


adio ner adjourner. 


arr s ar re rages. 


affes affaires. 


ascefi ascension. 


agable agreeable. 


assig on assignation. 


aiam a jamais. 


assi r assigner. 


amde amende. 


ass r assavoir. 


angt Angleterre. 


asse assise. 


aon action. 


asson assignation. 


ape ans appellans. 


assr assavoir, assigner. 


app on appellation. 


attempmt attemprement. 


appra appartiendra. 


aud aw^. 


appre apparoistre. 


auecqs avecques. 



* In French writing of the 15th and 16th centuries, in a cursiv< 
hand, the abbreviations are often very carelessly made — as a for 
p for p, so that type does not exactly represent the forms use< 
If a word is not found in this list with the exact abbreviatioi 
occurring in a MS., it may be found with some similar form. 



French Abbreviations. 



165 



auente aventure. 
aul s aultres. 
aur auroit. 
aut autre. 
autmt autrement. 
autpt autrepart. 
auts autres. 
au avoit. 
aue autre. 
aues autres. 
aur atw. 
aut #mm'£. 
av avotf. 
avr avoir. 
av* atw'l. 
aon action. 



B. 

bailt 6az7l2, bailliage. 
bait 6orz7//, bailliage. 
bapt baptiste. 
bfi foew. 
bns fo'ews. 
boiss boisseau. 
bourd: Bourdeaux. 
bourg bourgeois. 
bout boutant. 
bo ion. 



boe bonne. 
boiois bourjois. 



bt £ow£. 

b fo'ew, boisseaux. 

bn fo^ra. 

bnfice be'ne'fice. 

bns dims. 

bt 60?^. 

c. 

caue cause. 

cauon caution. 

caut causant. 

cae ca^.se. 

ced: eeeftY. 

oel e celeste. 

cestasS c<?.s£ assavoir, 

ce 9 e^ws (ceux). 

cbandet chandeleur. 

obap re chapitre. 

cbape chapitre. 

cbapre chapitre. 

cbal cheval. 

cbau chateau. 

chaux chateaux, chevaux. 

cheii chevalier. 

cblr chevalier. 

cbs choses. 

cb c^er, chevalier. 

cbal cheval. 

cbaux chateaux, chevaux. 

cbcb chercher. 

cbl cheval. 



166 



The Record Interpreter. 



efrler chevalier. 


cois commis. 


cfitr chevalier. 


comad3 commandemenU. 


cfm chacun. 


come comme. 


chr chevalier. 


comtt commettons. 


ctire chartre. 


copte compte. 


ctirs chevaliers. 


copoir comparoir. 


efts choses. 


copte comporte. 


cfmn chacun. 


cot e contre. 


ctiu chacun. 


coteii contenant. 


c^uencon circonvention. 


c r cawr. 


c [ ee criee. 


ctain certain. 


cinq e cinquante. 


8a c creature. 


cinq te cinquante. 


cace creance. 


etc c/#rc. 


c!tain certain. 


cog re cognoistre. 


c ; bn combien. 


colaon collation. 


90!: condamnons. 


colt collation. 


Qj&oti condamnation. 


coltg le collegiate. 


cje comme. 


compoir comparoir. 


c/ contre. 


cond condamne. 


c.mand: commandons. 


con cr comeiller. 


Cjme comme. 


con ers comeillers. 


c,medt commendement. 


con cur controlleur. 


c,misses commissaires. 


cont contre. 


Cjmdemt commandement. 


conueil convenance. 


Cjfne comme. 


cop C0jM£. 


c,nit comment. 


corpelnit corporclment. 


9petet competent. 


co rt coi^. 


c,pte compte. 


cou court. 


9poir comparoir. 


coe comme. 


9puz comparuz. 


cofess confesser, conjesseur. 


C/seil conseil. 


coffer confirmer. 


csen consentement. 



French Abbreviations. 



167 



c/ e communaute. 
c,ten contenant. 
ctes contens. 
e t contre. 



D. 

dar d?arrerages. 
daut (P autre. 
dautpt d? autre part. 
db. rf'ww taw£. 
do a'ww co.sfe'. 
dee ctatfe (dite). 
decion declaration. 
defnons decernons. 
defl* deffendeur. 
deff 1 defiant, defunct. 
deff defiant, deffunct. 
defh demourant. 
demd r demandeur. 
den deniers. 
dens deniers. 
deppon depposition. 
deps depens. 
derecfi derechef. 
der derrain. 
desmt desmaintenant. 
dess 9 dessus. 
dess dessus. 
dessd dessusdlt. 
desd dessusdlt. 
deuem deuement. 



deu devant. 

deus deters. 

deus deters. 

dees demanderesse. 

dtriaon d y habitation. 

dignor d? ignorance. 

dilig diligymment ', diligence. 

dilli^ diligemment, diligence. 

distr didrent (clirent). 

dom le domicile. 

donS donner. 

d 1 devant. 

dud dudit. 

dunept d^e jrawtf. 

dub of mm 6o«£. 

diiant durant. 

dyoe dyocese. 

d rtas-, <fe, denier, dit. 

db rf'tt-w 6om£. 

de flPtm cosfe'. 

dees demanderesse. 

dpt d\me part. 

dquel duquel. 

dt devant, dit. 

dte r/a'te. 



E. 

egte eglise. 

enctiefftt encherement. 

enctii encheri. 



168 



The Record Interpreter. 



ens enmity ensuivant. 

entler ente'riner. 

enu envers. 

enus envers. 

epal episcopal. 

escfier eschiquier. 

eser escrit. 

escr escuier. 

esct esohV, esdites. 

espal especial. 

espal especial. 

espaulx espe'ciaulx. 

estie Estienne. 

est establi, estoit. 

euagi evangile. 

ex a ord extraordinaire. 

execuon execution. 

exept excepter. 

exe execution. 

exeon execution. 

expt exploit. 

expos exposant. 

expssem expressemen t. 

ex rc cxecutoire, extraordinaire. 

ex t,e executoire. 

exon execution. 

ecjbres encombres. 

etigner enterigner. 

Z est. 



F. 

faiss/^ssows. 
icefaicte. 

feb r Febvrier. 

ie Y faire. 

feme femme. 

f e femme. 

ioisfoison. 

for a t format. 

fortece forterece (forteresse) 

f ourf ait r e forfaiture. 

from, froment. 

f re frere. 

fur furent. 

f me femme. 

f re fair e. 

ft fait. 

fte /ai'fe. 

o 

rme/mwe. 

f mier fermier. 



Ot. 

g a ce grace. 
g a nd grand. 
g a ns #r««.s* (grands), 
g a nt grant. 
g a raut guaraunt. 
garr garrant. 
gerial general. 



French A bbrevia tions . 



169 



gh alite g enera lite . 


ftitans habitans. 


gnat generalement. 


bitaon habitation. 


gnaulx generaulx. 


bit 8 habitans. 


gor gorce. 


brs /zers, ^o?rs. 


gOTiiifht gouvernement. 


bs /?^rs, /«0?V«. 


gre grace. 


b s heritiers. 


gu a ant guar ant. 




guille Guillaume. 
guor gorce. 


I. 


i^Sal general. 


iad jadis. 


2e guerre. 


ieb Jehan. 




imp impetrant. 


H. 


inpole impossible. 




inp le impossible. 


hebgenit hebergement. 


in?es in teres {inter et). 


hebg 1 heberger. 


intest interest {inter et). 


herit heritage, heritier. 


io T jour. 


herit: heritier. 


ioux jouxte. 


h ers hiritiers. 


io yowr. 


hon ble honorable. 


iFjour. 


hon honneste. 


iug jugement. 


ho Ao>? {homme). 


[ UT t j ur ^rent. 


hoe homme. 


iur jurerent. 


home homme. 


iurdcon jurisdiction. 


hos /?0M6' {hommes). 


iusqs jusques. 


huict e huictiesme. 


iug Juing. 


libgemt herbergement. 


Ipe impossible. 


hbg herberger. 


V jour. 


tibiage herberiage. 


K. 


bile habile. 


birs Ao?>6'. 


ka?ine Katerine. 


bitage heritage. 


fcl kalendes. 



170 



The Record Interpreter. 



L. 

laqle laquelle. 

lass I' assise. 

115 libvres. 

ltiz libvres. 

led ledict. 

legie Veglise. 

le r /^/r. 

le r s leurs. 

leu r />m\ 

leu /eper. 

lexcon P execution. 

le^s &wrs. 

licen licencie. 

lie licencie. 

lieuteri lieutenant. 

lordofi Pordonnance. 

lql lequel. 

Ire lettre. 

Ires lettres. 

If d lesditz. 

t livres. 

litage P heritage, 

ire lettre. 

tres lettres. 



M. 

M. Monsieur. 
Magd Magdeleine. 



mandem mandement. 

mand mandons. 

manile maniere. 

manle manere, maniere. 

mar al mareschal. 

Marg Marguerite. 

ma te majeste. 

m e maistre. 

me e were. 

mesm mesmement. 

mess r messeigneur. 

mess messeigneur, messire. 

mest r mestier. 

mest mestier. 

mes messire. 

meufo meuble. 

Mich J/Me/. 

misieors misericors. 

mlt moult. 

moit moitie. 

mond mondit. 

mons r monsieur. 

monst monstrer. 

mons monsieur. 

moii monnoie. 

moust moustier (monastere), 

most monstier (monastere). 

mos monsieur. 

m r maistre. 

me were. 

fhs moins. 

mci merci. 



French Abbreviations. 



171 



nicredi mercredi. 

9 
mcy merci. 

me were. 

N. 

n brc n0 mbre, Novembre. 

neantm neantmoins. 

no bre nombre, Novembre. 

nofo ftodfe. 

nobre Novembre. 

nor wetfre. 

nos Notre Seiyncur. 

not notaire. 

notd wo^re rftc^. 

no 9 wows. 

noe nomme. 

noer nommer. 

noes nommes. 

noobst nonobstant. 

noe wo^re. 

nre we^re. 

nredae Notre Dame 

nredt »otfr<? d^. 

nres r Notre Seigneur. 

nres Notre Sire. 

n ne. 

nl wm/. 



o. 



oct octave. 
O pon opposition. 



oppo on opposition. 
ord ce ordonnance, 
ord ne ordonne. 
ord re ordinaire. 
orr orront. 
ost r o.s'far (oter). 
ott [ er ottrier. 
oul e oultre. 
outemt overtemtnt. 



p. 

paiert paieront. 

parctin j9fl/* chacun. 

parlemt parlement. 

parr parroisse. 

par Paris, Parisis. 

pat°naige patronaige. 

pbre presbtre (pretre). 

pesctiie peschcrie. 

ptie Philippe. 

p'ere priere. 

p*nce prince. 

p^ncipale principals. 

p J ns prim. 

p^ns prions. 

p^os prions. 

p*s prta. 

p'se prise. 

p'siee prisiee ( prisee) . 

p*ue prive. 



172 



The Record Interpreter. 



p^ileg privileges. 


pdonn pardonnent. 


plete plente. 


pd* pardevant. 


plus plusieurs. 


pd pardevant. 


plusrs plusieurs. 


pe />ere. 


price presence. 


plemt parlement. 


pris presens. 


pt parlement. 


pnt present. 


pmiss permission. 


pntaon presentation. 


pmpt re peremptoire. 


pntemt presentement. 


poisse paroisse. 


po r pour. 


pptuelmt perpetuellement. 


po r f orcemt pour/ or 'cement. 


pqs perques. 


por? porteur. 


pre pierre. 


poss possession. 


proiss parroisses. 


pos'son possession. 


prr parroisse. 


pourp^s pourpris. 


pr parroisse. 


poon possession. 


£$ pars (parts). 


poJ ^>(wr. 

po^ f orcemt pour for cement. 


psoe personne. 


pt />#r£. 


p r joowr. 


ptf parties. 


presefi presentement. 


pmier premierement. 


promaon proclamation. 


pnce presence. 


prouchefi prouchenement. 


pns presens. 


p r pris pourpris. 


put present. 


p r ueu pourveu. 


pntaon presentation. 


preal presidial. 


pntemt presentement. 


pronaige patronaige. 


ppal principal. 


puiss puissant. 


psen t presentes. 


p j»?«r. 


pst prestre. 


pen" perches. 


pdecess predecesseurs. 


pcnun ^?#r chacun. 


plat prelat. 


pcyd 1 parcydevant. 


pmier premier. 


pdeus pardevers. 


pmier premierement. 



French Abbreviations. 



173 



pnce presence. 
pndre prendre. 
pneur pr en eur. 
pns pre 1 sens. 
psent presentation. 
pst prestre. 
pudes preudes. 
puost prevost. 
puot prevot. 
peed proceder. 
pees proces. 
pchain prochainement. 
pctl prochain. 
pcuraon procuration. 
pcur procureur. 
pcurs procureurs. 
pdes prodes. 
|>eue proeve {preuve) . 
pfit profit. 
$>metos prometons. 
pmttos promettons. 
pp^ete proprie'te'. 
pposee proposee. 
ppo§ proposer. 
ppre propre. 
ppe propre. 
pps propres. 
;p r procureur. 
pucfi prouchain. 
j>ue prouve. 
puis 11 provision. 



a. 

q a nck quanque. 
q a nt quant. 
q a resme quaresme. 
q a rt quart. 
q a rtier quartier. 
q a rt quartier. 
q a tre quatre. 
q^cte quicte. 
q^elx quielx {quels). 
q*ex gwtov (quels). 
q*l qu'il. 
q*tie quitie. 
q'ttf quittes. 
quelcoq > quelconque. 
q a t quant. 
q #W£. 

qelle quelle. 
ql <?w^. 

qlcoq > quelconque. 
qlles quelles. 
qlq> quelque. 
qlx quelx. 
qlz qu'ik. 

R. 

ractl rachat. 
rant rantiers. 
recton reclamation. 
regre registre. 



174 



The Record Interpreter . 



relig religieuse, religieux, 

gion. 
relt relation. 
relton relation. 
renoc renongant. 
repnter representer. 
req te requeste. 
reqros requerons. 
resue reserve, reserve. 
retornloit retorneroit. 
reuent reverent. 
reuen reverence. 
regnut recognut. 
robt Robert. 
rjal royal. 



s. 

S. Saint, solz. 
sach e ' sachent. 
sacrmt sacrement. 
sa8mt sacrement. 
sait salut. 
scau sgavoir. 
set sainct. 
scte saincte. 
segd segond {second), 
seign r seigneur. 
semb 1 semblable. 
semest semestre. 
sen al seneschal. 



reli- 



sens s'ensuit. 

sent sentence. 

sente sentence. 

sept Septembre. 

septs septiers. 

sets setiers. 

se^met serment. 

sf s« femme. 

sit sr//w^. 

soffiss soffissament. 

soub e soubsigne. 

soubz soubzage. 

soufff souffisant. 

soe somme. 

spal special. 

spaulx spe'ciaulx. 

s r seigneur, sire. 

s* s«eW. 

st sowtf. 

subgf subgiet (sujet). 

subtitmt subtilement. 

success successeur. 

succf successeur s. 

suffis suffisant. 

supp ant suppliant. 

suppt suppliant. 

33 saws. 

s 9 dce susdicte. 

s 9 sistat sussistant. 

s seigneur, sieur, sire, solz. 

§a 8erv i ra , m 

s ct sainct. 



French A bbrevia tions . 



175 



sdit susdit. 

s e sire. 

Semet surement. 

siantie serjanterie. 

siaz serjanz {ser gents), 

smt serment. 

Soient seroient. 

sont seront. 

s r seigneur, sieur. 

sremt serrement. 

srial seigneurial. 

s rie seigneurie, sieurie. 

st saint, sont. 

ste sainte. 



st3 so/z Tournois. 
?a smz. 
s a servira. 
se s^re. 
?gf sergent. 
?ias serjans. 
sia?ie serjanterie. 
smt serment. 
soiet seroient. 
sot seront. 
snir servir. 



T. 

tabell tabellion. 
tab tabellion. 
t*nscript transcript. 



t a us travers. 
ta tabellion. 
tern te'moins. 
tend tendant. 
tenemt tenement. 
ten 9 tows. 
ten3 tenements. 
tesm tesmoing. 
testamt testament. 
te§3 tesmoins. 
tfnite trinite. 
to al fofa/. 
to r nois Tournois. 
to r n Tournois. 
toucb touchant. 

tourfi Tournois. 

touss Toussaints. 

t r Tournois. 

traus travers. 

t r nois Tournois. 

tj Tournois. 

tf Tournois. 

t Tournois. 

tme terme. 

tre terre. 

?e terme. 

?me terme. 

?re term 

trouer terrouer (terroir), 

tsor tresor. 

t?sor trhorier. 



176 



The Record Interpreter. 



u. 


v. 


US W«S. 

vgf vergees. 




valenctl Valenchiennes. 


vite ve'rite. 




vail 1 * valloir. 




vront verront. 




vail valiant. 




vue veuve. 




v e veuve. 




v? verront. 




vend vendeurs. 




uite ve'rite. 


u 


vefi venant. 




vot verront. 




vergf vergees. 




utu r<?>-^. 




vesps vespres. 








vede r s vendeurs. 








vie viconte. 




X. 




vigf vignes. 








YC? vous. 




xphe Christophe. 




v r <s verront. 




xpien Chretien. 




vre vostre. 




xpofle Christofle. 





GLOSSARY OF LATIN WORDS 

* 

FOUND IN RECORDS AND OTHER ENGLISH MANUSCRIPTS, BUT 
NOT OCCURRING IN CLASSICAL AUTHORS. 



A. 

abaciscus : — a small square 
tablet. 

abactor : — a cattle lifter, who 
steals sheep or cattle in 
herds, not singly. 

abacus: — a calculating board; 
and hence, arithmetic ; a 
sideboard ; a cupboard. 

abandonnare : — to permit or for- 
bid by proclamation. 

abandonum, abandum : — anything 
sequestered, proscribed, 

pledged, or abandoned. 

abarnare : — to prove, legally, a 
secret crime. 

abastardare: — to bastardize. 

abaso : — an infirmary. 

abatamentum : — an entry by in- 
terposition. 

aba tare : — to beat down; to de- 
feat a writ or appeal; to 
enter into property void by 
death of the possessor before 
the heir takes possession. 

abatis : — an officer who distri- 
butes corn, an avener or 
hostler ; a ration of corn. 

abator : — a person who by inter- 
position enters into pro- 
perty. 

M. 



abatudus : — diminished, esp. 

clipped, as money. 

abbas : — an abbot. 

abbatatus : — the office of abbot. 

abbatia, abbathia : — an abbey ; 
the office of abbot. 

abbatis. See abatis. 

abbatissa : — an abbess. 

abbatizare : — to be abbot. 

abbayum : — a milldam. 

abbettamentum : — abetment. 

abbettare, abettare : — to abet ; to 
instigate. 

abbettator : — an abettor. 

abbettum : — abetment. 

abbottare : — to abut, or bound. 

abbremamentum : — an abridge- 
ment. 

abbreviare : — to abridge. 

abbrocdmentum : — abbrochment, 
or forestalling a market or 
fair. 

abbrocator : — a forestaller ; a 
broker. 

abbuttare : — to abut. 

abcariare : — to carry away. 

abdicare : — to renounce an office 
before the term of service is 
expired. 

N 



178 



The Record Interpreter. 



abditorium : — a chest for keeping 
plate or relics. 

abecedarium : — an alphabet. 

abecedarius : — a scholar learning 
to read. 

abecula : — the back of a sword or 
knife. 

aberemurdrum : — manifest mur- 
der. 

abettare, &c. See abbettare, &c. 

abeyantia : — abeyance. Property 
is in abeyance when it is in 
expectation, in the intend- 
ment of the law, not in actual 
possession. 

abgatoria, abgetorium : — the al- 
phabet ; rudiments of a 
science. 

abhceres : — a future holder of 
property, not the next heir. 

abiaticus : — a nephew (aviaticus). 

abigevus : — a cattle stealer. See 
abactor. 

objective : — to be non-suited ; to 
make default. 

abjudicare : — to take away by 
judicial sentence. 

abjurare : — to renounce the realm 
for ever. 

ablactatus : — weaned. 

ablatum : — a wafer. 0. E. obley 
{oblata). 

abra : — a maidservant. 

abrenunciatio : — renunciation. 

abrocagium : —brokerage. 

abrocarius : — a broker. 

abrogabilis : — lit to be repealed. 

absconcius : — a casket. 

absconsa : — a dark lantern ; a 
sconce. 



absis : — an apse ; a church porch. 

absolutionis dies : — M a u n d y 
Thursday. 

absoniare : — to shun, or avoid. 

abutare. See abbuttare. 

acatum. See accatum. 

accalvaster : — bald in front. 

accannellare : — to chamfer. 

accapitare, accaptare :-- -to pay a 
relief. 

accapitisy accapitum, accaptamen- 
tum : — a relief. 

accatum : — an acquisition. 

accearium : — steel. 

accendile : — a lamp or candle 
wick. 

acceptilatio : — discharge, acquit- 
tance. 

acceptor : — a hawk. 

acceptor de arbore : — a brancher. 

acceptor de pertica : — a hawk off 
the perch. 

acceptor domitus : — a reclaimed 

hawk. 
acceptor intra clavem repositus : — 

a hawk in the mew. 

acceptor mutatus : — a mewed 
hawk. 

acceptoricius canis : — a spaniel 
used for falconry. 

accessorius : — guilty of a felo- 
nious offence, not princi- 
pally, but by participation. 

accidia : — sloth. 

accidinetum : — gorse. 

acciptrarius : — a falconer. 

accitulium : — cuckoo sorrel. 

acclaudicare : — to lame, esp. a 
horse, with bad shoeing. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



179 



accola : — a colonist ; a cultivator 
of land where he was not 
born. 

accompliamentum : — accomplish- 
ment. 

accrescendi jus : — right of in- 
crease. 

acedia : — melancholy. 

acega : — a woodcock {scolopax 
rusticola). 

acellarius : — "a spenser," cel- 
larer. 

acentus : — increase. 

acerrum, acerum: — steel. 

aceta : — a snipe, or woodcock. 

achaptare. See accapitare. 

achatum : — purchase, bargain. 

achersetus : — a measure of corn, 
conjectured to be a quarter. 

achevare : — to finish. 

acitula : — henbane. 

acolabium : — a farm, a tenement. 

acoluthus : — an acolyte. 0. E. 
a colet. 

acopatus. See acupatus. 
acordum : — accord ; assent. 
acquestra : — acquisition. 

acquietantia : — a discharge in 
writing, of money paid or 
debt due ; quittance. 

acquietare : — to pay ; to free or 
discharge. 

acquirere, adquirere : — to pur- 
chase ; to acquit. 

acra : — an acre of land ; a judi- 
cial combat, holm gang. 

acra anglicana : — 20 English 
acres in the reign of 
Richard I. are said to be 
equal to 22 acres. 



acroisia: — blindness. For aorisia. 

actachiare. See attachiare. 

actilia : — armour and weapons ; 
gear. See atilium. 

actio : — a legal demand of a 
right. 

actionare : — to prosecute. 

acto : — a haqueton, a padded or 
quilted tunic worn under 
the mail. 

actor : — a proctor or advocate in 
civil courts. 

actor dominicus : — the bailiff or 
attorney of a lord. 

actor ecclesice : — the advocate or 
pleading patron of a church. 

actor villa : — the steward or head 
bailiff of a town or village. 

actornatus. See attomatus. 

actuarius : — the clerk who regis- 
ters the acts of convocation. 

acuarium : — a needle case. 

acucio : — sharpening. 

aculus, acuta : — an aglet, a metal 
tag. 

acupatus : — charged with [adcul- 
patus). 

acuperium: — a whetstone. 

acupictor : — an embroiderer. 

acusile . — a trinket. 

acustumabihs, acuslumatus : — 
liable to custom. 

acustumare : — to exact custom ; 

to exempt from custom. 
acuta : — ague. 

acutecula : — a steel ; a hone. 
ad. Sometimes used for "at" 

not " to " a place. 

n2 



180 



The Record Interpreter. 



adalingus :-■ — an etheling. 

adaquare : — to water (cattle) ; to 
drown. 

adaquarium : — a watering place. 

adasia : — a ewe. 

adbreviare : — to abridge. 

adcredulitare : — to purge oneself 
of an accusation by oath. 

addictio : — used for additio. 

additio : — a title setting forth a 
person's estate, degree, 
trade, &c. 

addresciare, addressare : — to re- 
dress ; to restore ; to make 
amends for ; to render ac- 
count of. 

adirare : — to lose. 

adiratus : — a compensation for 
goods lost or stolen. 

adjacentia : — neighbourhood ; a 
thing near other. 

adjective : — to cite. 

adj ornament urn, adjurnamentum : 
— adjournment, putting off 
to another day or place. 

adjornare : — to adjourn. 

adjudicatio : — pronouncing a 
judgment or decree. 

adjurnare : — to adjourn. 

adlegiare : — to purge oneself of a 
crime by oath. (Fr. aleier.) 

admensuratio : — admeasurement, 
a writ for remedy against 
persons who usurp more 
than their share. 

adminiculum, adminiculate : — 
aid, support. 

admiraldus : — an admiral. 

admiraldus : — sometimes used for 
emeraldus. 



admiralis : — an admiral. 

admiralitas : — admiralty. 

admir alius, admit alius : — an ad- 
miral. 

admiravisus : — an emir vizier. 

admissionalis : — an usher. 

admissivus : — an usher. 

admonitor: — a watch dog, "a 
wappe." 

adnichilare, adnullare: — to annul. 

adquietare. See acquietare. 

adramire. See arramire. 

adrectare : — to do right ; to make 
amends. 

adresciare. See addresciare. 

adsecurare. See assecurare. 

adulterinus : — unlawful, esp. of 
castles and guilds. 

adunare: — to collect. 

aduncare : — to draw with a hook. 

advallacio anguillarum : — eel- 
bucks. 

advanciamentum: — advancement. 

advantagium : — advantage ; the 
right of the lord to redeem 
a lief removed by the vassal 
from his lordship. 

adventale : — a ventail or visor. 

adventare : — to arrive. 

adventura : — an adventure, or 

venture. 
adventurare : — to adventure, or 

venture. 
adventurarius : — an adventurer. 

adventus : — casual profit. 

adversaria : — memoranda. 

advisamentum : — advice ; con- 
sideration. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



181 



advisare : — to advise. 

advocare : — to advow ; to vouch ; 
to justify an act done; to 
avow, i.e. in boroughs, to 
falsely allege that goods 
belong to a freeman so as 
to evade duty. 

advocaria : — avowry ; the justifi- 
cation of having taken a 
distress, when the party 
sues forth a replevin. 

advocatia : — an advowson. 

advocatio : — advowson, the right 
of presentation to an eccle- 
siastical benefice ; allegation 
of protection or authority. 

advocator : — a voucher ; a pleader. 

advocatus : — a counsellor or plea- 
der ; patron of a church, 
avowee, advowee, vouchee ; 
protector of a community. 

cedituus-. — a verger, a keeper of 
relics. 

JEyyptiacus, JEgyptius : — a 

gypsy- 

aeraria, aeria : — an eyry, a nest, 
usually of hawks. 

aerarius : — nesting. 

aereus, aerius : — sky blue. 

aericius cants. See herecius. 

aerrarius. See aerarius. 

aesnescia. See esnecia. 

affadilla : — a daffodil. 

affeagium. See affidagium. 

afferamentum : — affeerment, as- 
sessment. 

afferare : — to assess a fine. 

afferator : — an affeerer, a person 
who assesses fines in courts 
leet and courts baron. 



affeteiare : — to break or train 
hounds or hawks. 

affeyteiare. See affeteiare. 

affidagium : —assurance ; safety. 

affidare : — to certify ; to swear 
fealty ; to affiance ; a term 
used at the game of tables. 

affidatio : — an oath. 

affidatus, ajjidus: — one who has 
pledged his faith to another. 

affilare : —to put on a file with. 

affilatorium : — a steel, a hone. 

affina : — a workshop. 

affinare : — to fine (gold); to 
finish. 

affirmare : — to let to farm. 

affodillus : — a daffodil. 

afforare : — to appraise. 

afforciamentum : — a fortress ; 
compulsion ; the coercive 
power of a Court. 

afforciare : — to increase, or make 
stronger ; to compel. 

afforciatus : — pure, unadulter- 
ated. Applied to cloth and 
other goods. 

afforestare: — to turn land into 
forest. 

aff'ra. See affrus. 

affraia : — an affray. 

affraiare : — to frighten. 

affrectamentum, affretamentum : — 
freight. 

affrectare, aff'retare : — to freight. 

affriare: — to frighten. 

affrus : — an ox or horse for farm 

work, usually a horse. 
affur amentum. See afferamentum. 



182 



The Record Interpreter. 



agalauda : — a plover, probably a 
pewit. 

agalma : — an image on a seal. 

agaseus : — a gazehound. 

agellarius : — a ha y ward ; a herd- 
ward. 

agellus : — a hamlet. 

agenda : — business ; the office of 
the Mass or other service ; 
a priest's daily office. 

agenfrida : — a lord or owner. 

agerarius : — a farmer's dog. 

aggreare se : — to agree. 

agillarius : — a hay ward or herd- 
ward ; a keeper of cattle on 
a common. 

agisamentum : — a masquerade. 

agistamentum : — right of pastur- 
age ; the sum paid for this 
right ; assignment of it. 

agistare : — to assign pasturage 
for cattle, esp. in a forest. 

agistatce terrce : — lands whose 
owners are bound to keep 
up sea walls. 

agistator: — an agister or gyst 
taker, an officer who assigns 
the pasturage in a forest. 

agistiamentum. See agistamen- 
tum. 

agitatio animalium in foresta : — 
the drift or view of beasts 
in the forest. 

agna : — a gold coin, 14th cent. 

agnatio : — lambing. 

agnellatio, agnilatio : — lambing. 

Agnus Dei: — an oval piece of 
white wax, stamped with 
the figure of a lamb, and 
consecrated. 



agontea : — a champion (agonista). 

agreamentum : — agreement. 

agreare se : — to agree. 

agredula : — a titmouse. 

agri: — arable land in the com- 
mon fields. 

aimellatus : — enamelled. 

ainescia : — the right of the eldest. 
See esnecia. 

aira : — an eyrie, the nest of an 
eagle, a falcon, or a swan. 

aisiamentum, aisimentum : — li- 
berty of passage ; easement. 

aisnecca : — a ship. (A.-S. snacc.) 

aisya : — convenience. 

akermannus : — a small farmer. 
(A.-S. cecer man.) Their 
holding was less than that 
of the viryatarii, but from 
comparison of rent must 
have been more than an 
acre. 

aketonum : — a haqueton, a gam- 
beson, a padded or quilted 
tunic. 

ala : — the aisle of a church. 

alabastarius : — a croesbowman 
(arcubalistarius). 

alabrum : — a reel. 

alamandina : — a stone coloured 
like a garnet. 

alanerarius : — a keeper of dogs 
(alans) or hawks (lannersj. 

alanus : — a large hound. 

alatera, alatoria, alatorium, ala- 
tura : — a covered way or 
walk ; a piazza. 

alaudarius : — a hobby hawk 
(Jalco subbuteo). 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



183 



alba : — an alb, a long white 
tight - sleeved vestment ; 

dawn. 

• 

alba Jirma : — a yearly rent pay- 
able to the chief lord of the 
hundred in white money, 
i.e. silver; white rent, blanch 
farm. 

Albce : — the weeks after Easter 
and Whitsunday. 

albatorium : — southernwood. 

albergata : — the right of lodging 
in a vassal's house ; money 
paid in lieu thereof. 

albergellum, albergio: — a haber- 
geon, a tunic of mail shorter 
than a hauberk. 

albesteria : — a loophole for shoot- 
ing through. 

albesterius : — a crossbowman. 

albinus : — a foreigner. (0. E. 
a comeling.) 

a lb last a : — a crossbow {arcuba- 
lista). 

alblastarius : — a crossbowman. 
See arcubalistarius. 

aldermannus : — an alderman. 

aldermanria : — a district under 
the jurisdiction of an alder- 
man. 

alea : — a passage, an alley. 

alebrodium: — a warm drink; 
broth; caudle. 

alecenarium : — a lanner (Jalco 
lanarius). 

alecia (sing.): — herrings (clupea 
harengus). 

alecium, alectum : — a herring, 
herrings. On the Continent 
the word included sardines 
and anchovies, but probably 
not in England. 



aleium : — r alloy. 

aleptes : — a chamberlain. 

alficus : — a leper. 

aljinus : — a bishop, at chess. 

alfita : — flour. Aljita Herbarum 
is the title of a book. 

algorismus : — arithmetic. 

aliblasterius : — a worker in ala- 
baster. 

alices : — contortions. 

alietus : — a hobby (falco sub- 
buteo). 

aliquilitas : — essence. 

aliteum : — a crime. 

alkamia : — alcamyne, a mixed 
metal. 

alkanea : — alcanet, Spanish 

bugloss. 
alkemonia : — alchemy. 

allativus : — bringing. 

allay a , allaia : — alloy, 

allecia. See alecia. 

allectium, allectum. See alectum. 

allegiantia : — allegiance. 

allegiare: — to defend or justify 
by course of law. 

alleviate : — to levy or pay a fine. 

allocabilis : — allowable. 

allocate : — to allow. 

allocatio : — allowance ; award. 

allocatus : — a proctor. 

allodium. See alodium. 

allorium. See alura. 

allosa : — a shad. See alosa. 

allota, alluta : — cork ; cordwain 
leather. 

allottare : — to allot. 



184 



The Record Interpreter. 



allox : — a toe. 

allucium. See allota. 

alluminare : — to illuminate, to 
decorate books with colour. 

alluminator : — a limner, an illu- 
minator. 

allutarius. See alutarius. 

almaria, almerium : — a cupboard ; 
an aumbry. See armaria. 

almariolum : — a little cupboard. 

almicia, almicium. See almucia, 
amictus. 

almonaria : — an almonry. 

almonarium :- — a cupboard ; an 
ambrey. 

almonarius : — an almoner. 

almonera, almoneria : — an al- 
monry ; a pouch or purse 
from which alms were given. 

almucia, almucium : — an amess or 
amuse, a cloth or fur hood 
worn by canons and monks. 

alna : — an ell. See ulna. 

alnagium : — measurement by the 
ell ; duty paid by the ell. 

alnetum : — a place where alders 
grow, an alder grove. 

aloarius, alodarius : — the lord of 
a free manor. 

alodium : — a free manor. 

alorium. See alura. 

alosa: — a shad, probably used 
for both the twaite shad and 
the allice shad. (Cuvier's 
alosa Jinta and alosa com- 
munis.) 

aloverium : — a purse. 
alphita. See alfita* 



altaragium : — altarage; offerings 
made upon the altar ; small 
tithes. 

altarigium. See altaragium. 

altarista: — a priest assigned to 
one altar in a church. 

altellus : — an alien. 

altera pars : — half. 

alter are : — to change, to alter. 

alter atio : — alteration. 

altile : — a fatted beast or fowl ; 
a capon. 

altiragium. See altaragium. 

alura (Fr. aleur) : — an alure, a 
passage, alley ; a parapet ; 
a walk behind a parapet ; a 
gutter. 

alutarius : — a cordwainer ; a 
tanner ; a tawyt,r ; dressed 
leather. 

alver : — the same as aloverium (?). 

alveus : — a barge. 

alviolum : — a maund, a basket. 

amalare : — to enamel. 

amanda : — an almond. 

amatista : — an amethyst. 

ambactus : — a servant ; a client. 

ambana : — an enclosure round a 
house ; an outbuilding. 

ambassiata : — an embassy. 

ambassiator : — an ambassador. 

ambidexter : — a juror who takes 
money from both sides ; a 
swindler. 

ambis : — a vase. 

ambisiata. See ambassiata. 

ambo : — a pulpit, or reading 
desk. 



Glossary of Latin Words, 



185 



ambra: — a measure of wheat or 
salt, four bushels ; a wine 
jar ; amber. 

ambro : — bold, greedy ; a pro- 
digal. 

ambrum : — amber. 

ambularius : — an ambling horse. 

ambulatorium : — a passage, a 
gallery. 

amelare : — to enamel. 

amensuramentum : — measure- 
ment ; assessment ; esti- 
mate. 

amensurare : — to measure ; to 

assess. 

amera : — willow. 

amerciamentum : — a pecuniary 
punishment. 

amerciare : — to amerce, to fine. 

amesur amentum. See amensura- 
mentum. 

amicia. See almucia. 

amictus: — an amice, a linen sacer- 
dotal vestment forming a 
hood or collar. 

amirellus : — an admiral. 

amittena : — a sheeptick. 

ammaylare : — to enamel. 

ammintculum. See adminiculum. 

ammobragtum, amobragium, a 
kind of service ; a fine ; the 
Welsh form of Mercheta. 

amodo : — then, afterwards. 

amortizamentum : — amortization. 

amortizare : — to alien lands in 
mortmain, to amortize. 

amortizatio : — amortization. 

amotibilis, amovibilis : — remove - 
able. 



amphibologia : — ambiguity. 

amphibolus : — a cloak, an overall 

amphistrum : — the helm of a ship. 

ampliatio : — deferring judgment 
till a cause is further ex- 
amined. 

amplicare : — to enlarge. 

ampulla : — a vessel for holding 
holy oil ; a reliquary. 

amullus : — some farm animal, n 
ram (?). 

amuntare: — to amount. 

amuntia : — amount. 

anabatrum : — a curtain. 

anachoreta : — a hermit ; an an- 
chorite. 

analogium : — a reading desk. 

anamelatus : — enamelled. 

anata : — a duck. 

anatus : — a drake. 

anca : — a haunch ; an ancle. 

ancareus : — with a handle. 

ancoragium : — duty paid by ships 
when they anchor in a haven. 

ancus : — long (of gloves). 

andena : — a swath; as much 
ground as a man can stride 
over ; an andiron. 

andreseya : — a dairy. 

androchia, androgia : — a dairy- 
maid. 

androchiarium : — a dairy. 

anelacium : — a knife ; a dagger. 

anella : — a manacle, a handcuff. 

angaria : — a vexatious personal 
service ; distress ; the Em- 
ber weeks. 

angarialis : — grievous. 



186 



The Record Interpreter, 



angariare : — to compel. 

angarius : — a catchpole, an officer 
who arrests. 

angeldum, angildum : — the single 
valuation or fine imposed 
on a criminal. 

Angler ia : — Englishry. 

Angliceria : — Englishry. 

Anglici, probatio: — proof of Eng- 
lishry. 

animalia : — oxen. 

animequus : — contented. 

anitergium : — a wisp of grass. 

ankerissa ; — an ancress, a female 
hermit. 

annates : — yearling cattle. 

annatre : — first fruits ; annates. 

annatus: — first-born; one year 
old. 

ann uale :— yearly income of a 
prebendary; or of a priest 
for celebrating an anniver- 
sary. 

annuarium : — an anniversary ; a 
calendar of anniversaries. 

annuatim : — yearly. 

annulatus : — ringed (of a pig). 

anquiromagus : — a ship's stern. 

ansea : — a truss. 

ansorium : — a shoemaker's .knife; 
a razor. 

antecessor : — an ancestor ; a pre- 
decessor in office ; also the 
name of a servant attending 
on a dean and chapter. 

antecinerales feria : — days before 
Ash Wednesday. 

antegarda : — vanguard. 

antela : — a poitrel. 



antemurale : — a barbican. 

antenatio : — the right of an elder 
child. 

antependium : — hangings in front 
of an altar. 

antephalarica : — a portcullis. 

antesellum:~a, package carried 
in front of the saddle. 

antesignatus (antesignanus) : — a 
soldier posted in front of 
the standard. 

antianitas : — antiquity, i.e. seni- 
ority; ancienty. 

and anus : — old, ancient. 

antibata : — an opponent. 

antica : — a hatch. 

anticopa : — a countertally. 

antidoron : — a gift given in ex- 
change. 

antigraphus : — a scribe, a copyist. 

antilopia : — an antelope (he- 
raldic). 

antipera : — a screen. 

antiphona : — alternate verses 
sung by the halves of the 
choir. 

antiphonarium : — a book contain- 
ing anthems or antiphons. 

antiphonista : — an antiphoner, a 
leader in singing antiphons. 

antiquitas : — seniority ; ancienty. 

antistes : — a bishop ; an abbot. 

antistita : — an abbess. 

antistitium : — a monastery. 

antithetarius : — an accused per- 
son who charges his accuser 
with the same crime. 

apanagium : — the portion of a 
younger child. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



187 



apatisare : — to agree ; to ransom. 
apechiamentum : — impeachment. 
aporia : — poverty ; trouble. 
aporiare: — to impoverish. 
apostare : — to transgress. 

apostolos petere : — to appeal to 

Rome. 
apothecarius : — a shopkeeper ; a 

keeper of a granary or 

store ; a druggist. 

apparator : — a messenger who 
serves the process of a 
spiritual court, an apparitor. 

apparella : —items of miscella- 
neous excess beyond cur- 
rent regulated expenditure. 
(Middle Temple.) 

apparem lex : — ordeal. 

apparentia : — appearance. 

appares : — equals. 

apparura : — furniture ; equip- 
ment. 
appatizare. See apatisare. 

appellare : — to appeal. 

appellum : — an appeal. 

appendens : — a thing of inherit- 
ance, belonging to a greater 
inheritance. 

appenditia : — appendages ; ap- 
purtenances. 

appendium : — a reel. 

appendix, appendicium : — a pen- 

tice, a penthouse. 
appennagium. See apanagium. 

appensamentum : — delay ; post- 
ponement. 

appensura : — payment of money 
by weight. 

appenticium : — a pentice, a pent- 
house. 



applauda : — sauce. 

applicium : — an inn ; lodging. 

applita :- harness ; fittings. 

appodiare :— to prop up ; to sus- 
tain. 
appoisonare : — to poison. 

apponere : — to pledge ; to pawn. 

apporia, apporria. See aporia. 

apportionamentum : — apportion- 
ment. 

apportionare : — to divide propor- 
tionally. 

apportum: — revenue or profit; 
corrody or pension ; rent or 
tribute. 

appreciare : — to appraise. 

apprentices : — an apprentice. 

apprentisagium, apprenticiamen- 
tum : — apprenticeship. 

approbare : — to augment the 
value of, as to increase the 
rent of land. 

approbator : — a person who con- 
fesses felony and accuses 
others, an approver. 

appropriare : — to annex a bene- 
fice to the use of a spiritual 
corporation or person ; to 
appropriate. 

appropriation appropriamentum : 
— appropriation. 

approv amen turn : — profits : crop. 

appro viare, approware, appruare 
se : — to use for one's own 
profit, as to enclose waste 
land. 

appruator : — an officer in some 
towns {e.g. Wakefield) ap- 
pointed to look after the in- 
terests of the lord of the 
manor. 



188 



The Record Interpreter. 



apprurfitare :-- to borrow. 

appunctuare: — to appoint. 

aprisa, aprisia : — an inquisition, 
information. 

aquayium : — a watercourse ; a 
holy water stoup. 

aqualitium : — a gutter. 

aqualium : — the top of the head. 

aquare : — to water. 

aquarium : — a ewer. 

aquebachelus : — a holy water 
clerk. 

aquestus : — acquisition. 

arabilis : — a maple tree. 

aracium : — a stud of horses. See 
haratium. 

aralis : — arable. 

arallus : — a ploughfoot. 

aralus : — a maple tree. 

aratrum terrce : — as much land as 
can be tilled with one 
plough. 

aratum : — a charter. 

aratus : — a day's ploughing. 

arbalista, arbalistarius. See arcu- 

balista. 

arbalisteria : — loopholes. 

arcare : — to be charged with ; 
to build an arch ; to vault. 

arcarius : — an archer ; a keeper 
of an area, a chest for the 
deposit of treasure or deeds. 

arcenarius. See arconarius. 

archearius : — a bow bearer. See 

arcarius. 

archemecherus : — some officer in 
the household of Henry VI., 
perhaps chief cook. 



archenius : — a rick of corn. 

archeria : — archery. 

archerius : — a bow bearer. 

archidiaconus : — an archdeacon. 

archiepiscopus : — an archbishop. 

archifenium : — a croft of land. 

archionium : — a stack. 

archipresbyter : — chief priest in a 
collegiate church. 

archisiyillarius : — chief keeper of 

a seal, a chancellor. 
architector : — a thatcher. 

architenens : — an archer. 

archivum : — a place where re- 
cords are kept. 

archivus : — a keeper of records ; 
a secretary. 

archonista : — a bowyer. 

archus : — a bow. 

arcista. See artista. 

arcisterium : — a monastery (asce- 
terium). 

arconarius'. —a man engaged in 
some trade connected with 
wool. 

arconium : — a rick, a stack. 

arconizare : — to stack. 

arcuare : — to play a musical in- 
strument which requires the 
use of a bow. 

arcubalista : — a crossbow, an 
arblast. 

arcubalistarius : — a crossbow- 
man, an arblaster. 

arcubius : — a watchman. 

arcubus, curia de : — the Court of 
Arches, so called from the 
church of St. Mary de Arcu- 
bus (le Bow), where it was 
formerly held. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



189 



arcuere : — to shoot with a bow. 

arculius : — a watchman. 

ar cuius : — a saddle bow. 

arcussit : — shot. 

ardeda : — a firegrate. 

area : — an open space ; a ceme- 
tery. 
arenga : - a preamble; harangue. 

areniare : — to rein. 

arentare : — to let for a rent ; to 
arrent ; to rate. 

arentatio : — rental ; assessment 

of rent. 
aresta, pannus de : — arras. 

arestare : — to arrest. 

arestum : — arrest. 

a retro : — in arrear. 

argumentosus : — ingenious. 

argutarius cants : — a greyhound. 

arista, pannus de : — arras. 

arivagium : — toll paid by ships 
on mooring at a wharf or 
port. 

arivare : — to approach the shore ; 
to arrive. 

arlechatus : — equipped. 

arma dare : — to make a knight. 

armaria : — a cupboard ; an aum- 
bry ; a study. 

armariolum : — a little cupboard. 

armarium. See armaria. 

armarius : — a librarian in a 

monastery. 
armatura : — armour ; military 

exercise. 
armelausa : — a cloak. 

armicudium : — a dagger. 

armiger : — an esquire. 



armilausa : — a cloak. 

armilustrium : — a tournament. 

armiturium : — a dagger. 

armurarius : — an armourer. 

arnaglosa : — plantain. 

arnaldia : — a disease, perhaps 
baldness. 

aromatarius: — a grocer; aspicer. 

arpa : — a young eagle. 

arpendum, arpennum, arpentum : 
— a small plot of land ; an 
acre. 

arquilla : — a linchpin. 

arquillus : — a saddle bow (?) ; an 
ox yoke. 

arquinecca : — some drug or spice. 

arrabilis : — a maple tree. 

arraiamentum : — array, in refer- 
ence either to a jury, or to 
soldiers. 

arraiare : — to array. 

arraiatio. See arraiamentum. 

arraiatores : — arrayers, officers 
whose duty it was to see 
that soldiers were properly 
accoutred. 

arrainamentum : — arraignment. 

arrainare, arrainiare : — to claim; 
to arraign, to accuse. 

arramiare. See arrainare. 

arramire, adramire: — to promise, 
esp. in a court of law. 

arraria : — arrears. 

arratum : — a charter. 

arraya. See arraiamentum. 

arrectatus : — suspected ; accused. 

arrenamentum : — arraignment. 

arrenare. See arrainare. 



190 



The Record Interpreter, 



arrenda : — rent. 
arrentare. See arentare. 
arrepticius: — possessed by an 

evil spirit. 
arreragium : — arrearage ; respite 

of payment. 

arrestare : — to arrest. 

arrestum : — arrest. 

arriolari : — to foretell [hariolari). 

arrivagium. See arivagium. 

arrivare. See arivare. 

arrura. See arura. 

arsina : — arson ; house-burning. 

arsinale: — an arsenal. 

arsura : — trial of money by fire. 

artavum : — a small knife. 

articulare: — to draw up in arti- 
cles ; to article. 

articulus : — an article; esp. a 
complaint exhibited in a 
Court Christian. 

artificium : — handicraft. 

artillator : — a maker of artillery. 

artilleria : — artillery. 

artista: — one who has taken a 
degree in arts. 

artitus : — skilfully made or ar- 
ranged. 

arura: — ploughing; a day's 
work with a plough ; a 
ploughland ; a tilled field ; 
crops. 

arvambulus : — a tramp. 

ascella : — the part where the arm 
joins the shoulder; the arm- 
pit {axilla). 

ascerra : — a ship for incense. 



asceterium : — a monastery. 

asiamentum. See aisiamentum. 

asinare : — to ride on an ass. 

aspersorium : — a sprinkler; a 
vase for holy water. 

aspiculna : — a ladle or fork used 
in frying. 

assacella : — a stove. 

assata, assaium: — assay; exami- 
nation of weights and 
measures, bread, beer, &c. 

assaiare : — to assay, to examine. 

assaiator : — an assay er. 

assallire : — to assault. 

assaltus : — an assault. 

assartare: — to bring forest land 
into cultivation by grub- 
bing up the roots, &c. 

assartum : — assart, land brought 

into cultivation. 

assaturis : — a gridiron. 

assay siare (of judges) : — to call 
others to assist them. 

assecurare : — to make secure by 
pledge or oath ; to assure. 

assedare. See assidare. 
assemblare : — : to assemble. 
assemblata, assemblatio: — an as- 
sembly. 

asseratus : — wainscotted. 

asserrum : — steel. 

assessare: — to assess; to fine. 

assessio : — assessment. 

assessor : — an assessor. 

asseurare. See assecurare. 

asseware, assetciare : — to drain 
marsh ground. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



191 



assidare, assidere : — to tax 

equally ; to assess. 
assidella : — a table dormant. 

assidiare : — to besiege ; to attack. 

assignare: — to transfer a right ; 
to appoint a deputy ; to de- 
clare ; to pledge. 

assignare se ad : — to attack ; to 
lay hands on. 

assignatio : — assignment ; trans- 
ference of interest. 

assignatus : — an assignee ; a 
deputy. 

assimulare : — to put together ; to 
collect. 

assisa : — a fixed measure ; a tax 
or fine ; a sitting of justices 
to hear causes ; a j ury ; 
certain statutes and writs 
are also called assisce. 

assisa pants et cerevisice : — the 
power of examining the 
weight and measure of 
bread and beer. 

assisores : — assessors. 

assisus : — rented or farmed out. 

assisus redditus, redditus assisce : — 
rent of assize ; fixed rent. 

assoniare : — to essoin. 
assueare : — to drain. 
assuera : — a drain. 
assultus : — an assault. 
assumare : — to kill. 

assurnptio : — the anniversary of 

the death of a saint. 
assurantia : — assurance. 
assurare : — to assure. 
astela : — a staff. 

astrarius hares : — an heir who 
occupies his inheritance 
during his ancestor's life. 



astrium : — a hearth ; a house. 

astructus : — instructed. 

astrum. See astrium. 

aslula : — a piece of firewood. 

astur. See austur. 

asura : — azure. 

aszeisia. See azesia. 

atachiare, &c. See attachiare. 

athia, atia : — hatred, malice. 

atilium, atillium : — an utensil ; 
an implement ; gear ; the 
rigging of a ship. 

atinctus. See attinctus. 

atirare : — to equip. 

atratus : — a mourner. 

atriamentum : — a courtyard. 

attachare : — to affix. 

attachiamentum : — attachment ; 
apprehension of a person or 
seizing goods ; articles 
seized with a criminal, show- 
ing his guilt ; right of using 
(underwood, water, &c). 

attachiamentum foresta : — the 
lower court of a forest. 

attachiare : — to take in pursuance 
of a writ ; to attach. 

attachiator : — an officer who 
makes attachment ; a 
bailiff. 

attagiare : — to attach. 

attaincta, attincta: — attaint, a 
writ against a jury for 
giving a false verdict. 

attamiare, attaminare: — to 
broach. 

attaxare : — to assess. 

attegia : — a little house. 



192 



The Record Interpreter. 



atterminare : — to put within cer- 
tain boundaries ; to post- 
pone to a certain day ; to 
atterm. 

atthagiare. See attachiare. 

attilamentum. See atilium. 

attiliaria : — military engines ; 
artillery. 

attilliamentum. See atilium. 

attilliator : — a maker of artillery 
or military engines. 

attilium. See atilium. 

attincta : — attaint. 

attinctare : — to attaint. 

attinctus : — attainted. 

attirare : — to equip. 

attornamentum : — an acknow- 
ledgment by a tenant of a 
new lord, attornment. 

attornare : — to assign goods to 
some special use ; to appoint 
an attorney ; to pack (?). 

attornata : — a commission. 

attornatus : — an attorney. 

aitractorium : — a train ; a trace. 

attr actus : — carriage by drag- 
ging, draught ; store. 

atturnare, &c. See attornare, &c. 

auberyellum : — a habergeon, a 
tunic of mail. 

aubobulcua : — an oxherd. 

auca : — a goose ; some article of 
plate, perhaps an ewer; an 
enclosed piece of land. 

aucipiter : — a falcon. 

auctenticare : — to declare au- 
thentic. 

auctionariuSj auctionator : — a re- 
tailer ; a broker. 



aucubaculare : — to catch birds 
after dark, to batfowl. 

aucula : — a gosling. 

aucuntacio : — used for augmen- 
tatio. 

aucupia : — game. 

auditor : — a catechumen ; an ex- 
aminer of accounts. 

augea : — a cistern. 

aula : — a court baron ; the nave 
of a church. 

auleum : — a hanging, tapestry. 

aunciatus : — antiquated. 

auncinium : — an afternoon meal. 

auracio : — gilding. 

aurare : — to gild. 

aureolus : — a golden oriole (oriolus 
galbula), or goldfinch (frin- 
gilla carduelis). 

auricalcum : — latten. 

auriculare : — a cushion ; a defence 
for the ears of a horse. 

auricularis digitus: — the little 
finger. 

auricularius : — a secretary. 

aurifex: — a goldsmith. 

aurificium :— goldsmith's work. 

aurijilum : — gold thread. 

aurifragium. See aurifriyium. 

aurifraser, uurifresarius : — an 
embroiderer. 

aurifriatuSy aurifrigiatus : — hav- 
ing an orphrey. 

aurifrigium, auri/resium, aurifri- 
sium, aurifrixium : — an or- 
phrey, golden embroidery 
<»n clerical vestments. 

aurhia : — blindness (oLo^aaia). 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



193 



auroca, aurocus : — a haycock, a 
hayrick ; the quantity of hay 
which can be lifted on the 
handle of a scythe. 

aurus. See averus. 

austur, austurcus : — a goshawk 
(astur palumbarius. Fr. 
autour). 

austur charms : — a falconer. 

ausungius : — fat. 

autela : — a horse's breastplate or 
poitrel, probably an error 
for antela. 

autumnus : — translated " sum- 
mer " in the books of the 
Middle Temple. 

autumpnare : — to bring the har- 
vest home. 

auxilium : — an aid. 

auxionarius. See auctionarius . 

avagium : — payment for right of 
pannage in the lord's wood. 

avalagium : — a fixed engine to 
take fish ; eelbucks ; the 
descent of a river ; toll paid 
therefor. 

avalare : — to descend a river. 

avantagium. See advantagium. 

avaragius : — one who looks after 
draught cattle. 

avellana nux : — a hazel nut. 

avenagium : — avenage, rent paid 

in oats. 
avenarius : — an avener, purveyor 

of oats. 

avencia : — advance. 

aventallum: — aventaile, or visor. 

aventura. See adventura. 

avera : — a day's work of a 
ploughman. 

M. 



averagium : — service with horse 
and carriage due by the 
tenant to his lord ; contri- 
bution by merchants to- 
wards losses of cargo by 
tempest. 

averarius : — a man who looks 
after farm cattle. 

averia : — horses or oxen for the 
plough ; cattle generally. 

averia de pondere, or ponderis : — 
avoirs du poys, i.e. fine goods, 
such as spices, weighed by 
the pound at the king's 
small balance when the duty 
was charged. 

averium : — goods, merchandise. 

av err are : — to carry goods in a 
wagon, or on horseback. 

averus : — a farm horse, or 
draught ox. 

aviaticus : — a nephew. 

avironaius : — rowing. 

avironus : — an oar. 

avis : — used like the Fr. oiseau, 
for a hawk or falcon. 

avisagium. See avagium. 

avisamentum : — advice. 

avisare : — to advise. 

avoare. See avocare. 

avoaria : — avowry. 

avocare : — to avow, confess ; to 
justify. 

avragium. See averagium. 

avrus. See averus. 

awardium : — an award. 

axare : — to make or fit an axle- 
tree. 

axiliare : — to help. 



194 



The Record Interpreter . 



aymellatus : — enamelled. 
ayziamentum. See aisiamentum. 
azaldus : — an inferior horse. 
azarum : — steel. 
azesice : — tiles (?), shingles (?). 



B. 



babatum : — a horseshoe. 

baca : — an iron hook or staple. 

bacar : — a turnip. 

baccalarius, baccalaureus : — a 
bachelor. 

baccile, baccinium : — a bason. 

bachelarius : — a young knight ; a 
knight disqualified from 
youth or poverty from 
carrying a banner in war. 
See baccalarius. 

bacheleria : — the commonalty, as 
distinguished from the 
baronage. 

bacho. See baco. 

bacile, bacina, bacinus : — a bason. 

bacinettum : — a basinet, a helmet 
smaller than a helm and 
usually pointed at the top. 

bacium : — a horsecloth. 0. E. 
base. See bassum. 

baco : — a hog ; a salted pig's 
carcase ; a flitch of bacon ; 
a ham. 

bactile: — a candlestick, esp. of 
wood. 

bacularius : — a bachelor. 

baculus : — a crozier. 
badius : — bay (horse). 
baffa : — a flitch of bacon. 



bag a : — a bag or purse. 

bagatinus : — a small brass Vene- 
tian coin, worth in the 17th 
century about iV of a 
penny. 

bagea : — a badge. 

bagus : — bay (horse). 

bahuda, bahudum : — a chest; a 
trunk, called a barehide in 
English. 

baia : — rumour ; a bay. 

baiardus : — a bay horse. 

baila, bailium : — bail. 

bailius. baillivus : — a bailiff. 

baillia : — bailiwick. 

baillium : — a grant in trust ; the 
" bailey " of a castle. 

baius : — bay (of a horse). 

bajula : — a pitcher ; the office of 
bajulus ; a nurse. 

bajulator: — a bearer; a guardian. 

bajulus : — a bearer ; a bailiff. 

bajulus aquilce : — an officer in the 
military order of St. John 
of Jerusalem, the Bailly of 
the Eagle. 

baker ia : — a bakehouse. 

bala : — a bale. 

balancea, balancia : — a pair ot 
scales. 

balasius : — a balasse ruby, of a 
pale colour. 

balca : — a balk (of land). 

balcanifer : — the standard-bearer 
of the Knights Templars. 

balcanum : — the Templars' stan- 
dard. 

baldacinifer. See balcanifer. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



195 



baldekinum, baldicum: — baude- 
kin, a kind of brocade of 
silk and gold, originally 
brought from Bagdad ; a 
canopy. 

baldrea : — a baldric. 

balducta : — a posset. 

balengaria, balingarium : — a bal- 
inger ; a barge. 

balesius. See balasius. 

baleuga. See banleuga. 

balidinus : — bay (of a horse). 

baits ta : — used for a cross-bow, 
which is properly arcu- 
balista. 

balistarius : — an arblaster, a 
cross-bowman. 

balla. See ballia, balliva. 

ballare : — to sweep ; to dance. 

ballatio : — a ballad. 

balleuca. See banleuga. 

ballia : — the "bailey" of a castle. 
See balliva. 

ballium: — bail; the "bailey" of 
a castle ; wardship ; a grant 
in trust. 

ballius : — a bailiff. 

balliva, ballivatus : — bailiwick ; 
office. 

ballivus : — a bailiff. 

balneare : — to bathe. 

balneo, miles de : — a knight of 
the Bath. 

balneta : — some sort of whale. 

balus : — a bale. 

balustraria : — loopholes. 

bamba : — a bed. 

bancale } bancarium : — a banker, 
a covering for a bench. 

bancum, bancus : — a bench. 



banda : — a band (of soldiers). 

bandum : — a pennon. 

banealei — error for bancale (?), 
q.v. 

banera, baneria : — a banner. 

barter ettus : — a knight made in 
the field, by cutting off the 
point of his pennon and 
making it a banner. 

banidium : — a badge. 

banleuga, bannaleuca : -*- the 
bounds of a manor or town ; 
the circuit of a monastery 
over which it has jurisdic- 
tion. (Fr. banlieue.) 

bannezare : — to banish. 

banniare, bannire : — to proclaim ; 
to summon by proclamation ; 
to banish. 

bannum, banum : — a proclama- 
tion; a boundary; (pi.) bans 
of matrimony. 

banum : — a bane. 

baractator, barator : — a barretor, 
a common mover of suits 
and quarrels. 

barbacana, barbakena. See bar- 
bicana. 

barbator : — a barber. 

barbatus : — barbed, of an arrow. 

barbecana. See barbicana. 

barbelatus : — barbed. 

barbicana: — an outwork of a 
fortress. 

barbicanagium : — contribution for 
the maintenance of a bar- 
bican. 

barbillus : — a barbel (bar bus vul- 
garis) or mullet (mullus 
barbatus). 

barbitonsor : — a barber. 

o2 



196 



The Record Interpreter. 



barbitura : — shaving. 

barbota : — a barge ; an armed 
vessel. 

barbulus : — a barbel (barbus vul- 
garis). 

barca : — a barque. 

barcaria. See bercaria and bar- 
karia. 

barcarius. See bercarius. 

barcius : — a fish, probably perch 
(perca fluviatilis), perhaps 
also bass (labrax lupus). 

bardatus : — barded, armed with 
a bard (of a horse). 

barellus : — a barrel. 

bares ta : — a barrister. 

barettus : — probably the same as 
warectus. 

barga. See barca and bargea. 

bargania : — an agreement ; a bar- 
gain. 

barganizare : — to bargain. 

bargea, bargia : — a barge ; part 
of a horse's trappings. 

barhuda, barhuta, barhuzia : — a 
chest ; a trunk, a barehide. 

barillum, barrillus : — a barrel. 

barha : — a barge ; a barque. 

barkaria : — a tan-house. 

barmbraccus : — a lap-dog. 

barnagium : — baronage. 

baro : — a baron. 

baronagium : — baronage. 

baronatus: — barony; baronage. 

baronet tus : — a baronet. 

baronia : — a barony. 

baronissa : — a baroness. 



barra, bar r ha : — a bar, a barrier ; 
a bar to an action. 

barractator : — a barretor, an in- 
stigator of suits and quar- 
rels. 

barragium : — toll for crossing a 
bridge. 

barrare : — to put bars to. 

barrasterius : — a barrister. 

barr atria : — dissension ; bar- 
ratry. 

barrista : — a barrister. 

barruzia. See barhuda. 

bartona : — demesne lands ; a 
manor house. 

barutellum : — a cask. 

bascinus : — a bason. 

basculus : — a basket. 

basena. See bazeyna. 

basilar dum : —a long poniard ; a 
falchion ; a cutlass. (Early 
Chanc. Proc. 47, 256.) 

basnetum : — a basinet. See bad- 
nettum. 

bassare : — to lower. 

bassaria camera : — a base cham- 
ber. 

basselardus. See basilardum. 

bassellus : — a coin abolished by 

king Henry II. 

bassum : — a pack saddle. 

bassus : — low. 

bastardia : — bastardy. 

bas tardus : — one born out of 
wedlock. 

bastida, bastita : — a castle, a 
word used especially in 
Southern France. 






Glossary of Latin Words. 



197 



basto : — a staff. 

bastonicum : — close custody. 

basum. Per basum tolnetum ca- 
pere, to take toll by strike. 

batalia : — battle. 

batella, batellus : — a small boat. 

batellagium : — boat-hire. 

batellarius : — a boatman ; a ba- 
teller, the lowest order in 
Oriel College. 

batellatus : — embattled. 

batellus : — a boat. See batillus. 

bateria : — battery, beating. 

batilda : — toll for boats (?). 

batillayium : — carriage by boat ; 
boat-hire. 

batillare : — to send by boat. 

batillus : — a bat ; a beetle ; a 
clapper ; a boat. 

batitoria : — a fulling mill. 

batium. See barium. 

bativa, batura : — battery. 

batleuga. See banleuga. 

batus : — a boat ; a measure, 12£ 
gallons ; a peck ; a vessel 
used in feeding horses ; a 
bat. 

baubare : — to bark ; to bay. 

baubella : — jewels. 

bauca : — a bason. 

baucaria : — a tapster. 

baudekinum. See baldekinum. 

bausanus : — a badger, a bawson. 

bausia, bosia : — treason, felony. 

bausiare, bosiare : — to rebel. 

bauzanus: — piebald. (Fr. bau- 
gant, bauzant.) 



baya. See baia. 

bazantius. See bisantius. 

bazeyna : — basil, prepared 
leather. . 

bechare : — to dig ; to use a pick- 
axe. 

becnus : — some sort of fish. 

beconagium : — contribution for 
the maintenance of beacons. 

bedelaria : — the office of beadle, 
or district to which his office 
extends ; bedellary. 

bedellus : — a beadle, or bedell. 

bederipa. See bedrepium. 

bedrepium : — bedripe, harvest 
work done by tenants as a 
customary service ; it some- 
times means a definite 
amount, perhaps a day's 
work. 

bedripus. See bedrepium. 

bedum : — the portion of a mill- 
stream which turns the 
wheel and is boarded up 
to increase the force of 
water. 

belfredus : — a belfry. 

belgiga : — a car, a chariot. 

bellicrepa : — a master. 

belligerare : — to make war. 

bellum : — a battle; used, as the 
English word is, to denote 
a portion of an army ; a 
judicial combat, duel. 

benda : — a band, either metal or 
stuff ; a bar ; a bend 
(heraldic). 

benejiriare : — to confer a benefice 
on ; to enfeoff. 

beneficium : — a benefice, an eccle- 
siastical living or pro- 
motion. 



198 



The Record Interpreter. 



benevolentia : — a voluntary gra- 
tuity given by subjects to 
the king. 

benwrda : — benerthe, service with 
plough and cart. 

beodum : — a table. 

bera : — a bier. See beria, bersa. 

berbiagium : — a rent paid in 
sheep, or tax paid on sheep. 

berbicaria : — pasture for sheep. 

berbix : — a sheep. 

bercaria : — a sheepfold, sheep- 
cote ; a sheep walk. 

bercarius : — a shepherd. 
bercelettus. See bracelettus. 

berdare : — to beard or bard wool, 

i.e., to cut the head and neck 

off the fleece. 
berebrutus : — a man who takes 

charge of and distributes 

beer (?). 
berefredus, berefridus : — a belfry. 

bereivicha : — a village or hamlet. 

berfrarium : — a military engine. 

beria : — an open plain. 

berkeria. See bercaria. 

bernaca : — a bernicle goose 
[anser bernicla). 

bernarius : — a forest officer; a 
bearward ; a beardog. 

bernix : — varnish. 

berra : — a heath, or moor. 

bersa: — the fence inclosing a 

park ; an inclosure. 
bersare : — to hunt ; to shoot. 

her sarins : — a hunter ; a forester 

or park-keeper. 
berseletta, berseretta : — a small 

hound, used for fallow deer. 
berthona. bertona. See bartona. 



benvica : — a village or hamlet. 

berziza : — beer, or perhaps wort. 

besacutum. See bisacuta. 

besantus. See bisantius. 

besca, bescha : — a spade ; a 

shovel. 
bescare : — to dig. 

bescarium : — a spade. 

bescata : — as much land as a 
man can dig in a day. 

beschillum : — a spade. 

bestice : — beasts (deer or cattle, 
usually the former). 

betagius : — a serf whose lord is 
a church or convent. 

beudum : — a table. 

bever : — a beaver (castor Jiber). 

beverinus, beverius : — of beaver. 

bibatio : — drinking. 

biberagium : — beverage. 

biberia, biberrium: — an afternoon 
lunch, bever. 

bibina. See biberia. 

bibis, cum suis : — error for 
vivis (?), livestock. 

bibletum : — a place where rushes 
grow. 

bibona : — a spout. 

bica : — a bees' nest ; a beehive. 

bicarius : — a bee-keeper. 

bicoca : — a turret. 

bidellus : — a bedell ; a beadle. 

bidens : — a pitchfork. 

bidripa. See bedrepium. 

bidua : — a female sheep from 1 
to 2 years old, a gimmer. 

biduana : — a fast of two days. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



199 



bif oralis : — with two doors or 
shutters. 

biga : — a two-wheeled cart ; its 
load. "Anglice, a wagon," 
in a deed temp. Jac. I. 

bigarius : — a carter. 

bigata : — a cart load. 

big era : — a doublet. 

bigustrum : — a primrose. 

bilagines : — bye- laws. 

bilheta : — a bill ; a billet. 

bilettum : — a billet. 

bilinguis : — (of a jury) part Eng- 
lish and part foreign. 

billa : — a bill. 

billetum : — a billet ; a stake. 

billia : — a branch ; a post. 

billio : — money of copper, or 
copper and silver ; bullion. 

billus : — a staff or stick. 

bilneta : — a passport. 

bina : — a pair-horse cart. 

bindum : — a bundle ; a bind of 
eels is 250 ; a stalk of hops ; 
used also for skins. 

binnarium : — a fishpond, an 
error for vivarium (?). 

bino : — a ploughtail ; a cart pole. 

bipalium : — a spade. 

birr et turn: — a thin close-fitting 
cap ; a coif. 

bisacuta : — a two-headed axe ; a 
black bill, a twybill. 

bisanhus : — a besant, a gold coin, 
first issued by the emperors 
of Byzantium, worth about 
a ducat ; a bezant in 
heraldry. 



bisantius albus : — a silver besant, 
worth about 2s. 

bisantius de plata : — The same. 

biscoctus, bisvotus : — biscuit. 

bisius. See bisus. 

bisque tta : — part of a castle. 

bissa : — a hind. 

bisus : — lawn ; cambric. 

bisus panis : — brown bread. 

bivernagium : — second crop. 

bizachius : — a baselard, a cutlass. 

bizantium. See bisantius. 

bladarius : — a cornchandler. 

bladum : — corn. 

blanchetta, blanchetum : — a wool- 
len garment worn under 
armour. 

blanchetus : — a blanket. 

blanchiatura : — reduction of base 
money to its true value. 

bland : — white money, sterling. 

blancum : — a silver coin, worth 
Sd., coined by Henry V. in 
France. 

blancum argentum : — money 
tested at the Exchequer as 
to its fineness. 

blancum jirme : — blanch farm. 

blandella : — a cloak ; a blanket. 

blanhornum : — a horn. (A.-S. 
blauhorn.) 

blaserius : — an incendiary. 

blaudius. See blodeus. 

blaunchetta. See blanchetta. 

blaundella. See blandella. 

blendus. See bluedius. 

blestia : — turf. 



200 



The Record Interpreter. 



blestro : — a branch. 

blestura : — branches. 

bleta : — peat. 

blettro : — a branch. 

bleuius : — blue. 

blida, blidus : — a catapult. 

blodeus,blodius: — deep red; blue. 

blondus : — yellow ; fair-haired. 

bluedius, bluetus : — blue. 

blundus. See blondus. 

blurus : — bald. 

bocardo : — a prison. 

bocca : — a boss. 

bocellus. See botellus. 

boculus : — a bullock. 

boga : — budge, lamb fur. 

bogetta : — a budget. 

boia. See buia. 

boisiare : — to rebel. 

boissellus : — a bushel. 

bokorammus : — buckram. 

bolare : — to play at bowls. 

boldagium, bolhagium : — a cot- 
tage. 

bolengarius : — a baker. 

bolla : — a bowl ; three-quarters 
of a pint ; a boll, 6 bushels. 

boloninus : — a boloner, an Italian 
gold coin of two kinds, old 
boloners and Papal bolo- 
ners, bearing on one side 
the Resurrection, on the 
other S. Thomas the Apostle 
of India or Mary Magdalene, 
the former being slightly 
more valuable. 

bombarda, bombardus : — a cannon. 



bombicina : — a hacqueton, a jack, 
a quilted tunic. 

bombosus : — noisy. 

bombycinium : — padding. 

boncha : — a bunch ; a bank. 

bondagium: — villenage; slavery; 
a tenement held by a villein. 

bondemannus : — a bondman. 

bondus : — a serf; a slave. 

borachia : — an erection for fish- 
ing. See burochium. 

borda : — a plank ; a hut ; a small 
farm. 

bordagium : — tenure by which 

bordarii hold. 

bordaria : — a cottage. 

bordarius : — a cottier ; also pro- 
bably a farm-labourer living 
at the farm-house ; a table 
servant ; an inferior domestic 
servant. 

bordellus : — a small house. 

bordus, bordum : — a board. 

boriens, borienialis : — north. 

boscagium : — food which trees 
yield to cattle, as mast and 
acorns. 

boscar. See bostar. 

boscarium: — a wooden house; a 
cowhouse. 

boscarius : — a woodman. 

boscus : — a wood. 

bosia, bausia : — treason, felony. 

bostar e, bausiare : — to rebel. 

bosonus : — a weapon, perhaps an 
arrow. See buzo. 

bostar, bostarium : — a stable for 

oxen. 
bostarius : — a gravedigger. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



201 



bostio : — a cattle driver. 

bota, botta : — a boot ; a bunch ; 
a bundle ; a bottle (of bay). 

bote liar ius : — a butler ; a bottle 
maker. 

botelleria : — a buttery, or butlery. 

botellus : — a bottle ; the stomach. 

botescarlus : — a boatman. 

botha : — a booth. 

bothagium : — payment for per- 
mission to erect booths at 
fairs and markets. 

bothena : — a barony, lordship. 

bothna, buthna : — a park for 
cattle. 

botillum : — a boltell, i.e. a round 
moulding or bead ; a small 
shaft in a clustered column. 

bo to : — a button. 

botonare : — to button. 

botr actum : — a buttress. 

botrus : — a cluster. 

botta. See bota. 

bottellaria. See botelleria. 

bounda ; — a boundary. 

bovaria : — a cattle-shed. 

bovarius : — an ox-herd. 

bovata terrce : — an ox- gang. 

boveria, boverium : — a cattle- 
shed. 

bovetta : — a heifer. 

bovettus : — a steer, a young ox. 

boviculus : — a young ox, but not 

the same as bovettus. 
bovina : — a stable for oxen ; a 

cow-house. 
bozetum : — cowdung. 



braca terrce : — a ridge of earth, a 
balk. (Fr. braye.) 

bracalia : — breeches. 

bracco: — a brache,a small hound ; 
often means a bitch. 

bracelettus : — diminutive of bra- 
cetus. 

bracenarius : — a huntsman. 

bracetus, bracheta : — a brachet, a 
hound for hare and fox, a 
beagle (?). 

bracha : — a cloak. See bracco. 

brachanum : — a carpet (?). 

brachia : — some fixed fishing en- 
gine. 

brachiare: — to brew. 

brachiata : — an armful; a fathom. 

brachinum : — a kneading trough. 

braciare : — to brew. 

braciatorium : — a brewhouse. 

bracinum : — a brewhouse ; a 
brew. 

braconarius. See bracenarius. 

braelli: — breeches. 

braesium : — malt. 

bragetum : — bragwort, or bracket, 
a drink flavoured with honey 
and spice. 

bragmannus : — a robber, ma- 
rauder. 

brandium : — buckram. 

branda, brando : — a torch. 

brandones : — the first week in 
Lent. 

brandonis vel brandouum dies : — 

the first Sunday in Lent. 
branis : — brawn, muscle. 



202 



The Record Interpreter, 



brannus : — a fish, probably a 
bream (abramis brama). 

brao : — a ham ; a gammon, pos- 
sibly a misreading of baco. 

braseum : — malt. 

brasiare : — to brew. 

brasiaria: — a malthouse ; a 
brewery. 

brasiator : — a maltster ; a brewer. 

brasina : — a brewhouse. 

brasinagium : — brewing. 

brasinum : — the quantity of beer 
brewed at one time. 

brasium : — malt. 

brasorium : — a brewhouse. 

brassata : — a measure of 6 feet. 

brattea : — a leaf of metal, foil. 

bravium : — a prize. 

breca : — half a virgate (Worcester 

Priory Reg.). 
brecca, brecka : — a breach. See 

also braca. 
brechia. See braca, brecca. 

bredna : — a bream. 

breidura : — embroidery. 

breisna : — wethers. 

brella : — starch. 

bremia : — a bream. 

bremium : — bran. 

bremulus : — a bream. 

brenagium : — a rent paid in bran, 
for the feed of the lord's 
hounds. 

brenna, brennia : — a bream (ab- 
ramis brama). 

brennium, breno : — bran. 

bresmia, bresna, bresnia : — a 
bream. 



bretaschia : — a stockade. 

bretechia, bretesca : — a stockade. 

brethachia : — a stockade. 

brethachiare : — to fortify with 
stockades. 

bretnia : — a bream. 

breve : — a writ. 

breviarium : — a breviary. 

brevigerulus : — one who carries 
and serves writs. 

brevis : — a brief. 

brevitor : — a writer of writs. 

bria : — a liquid measure. 

brianneum seruitium : — same as 
brenagium (?). (Selby 
Coucher, f. 122&.) 

brig a : — contention ; tumult. 

brigandinarius : — an officer in 

command of a brigade. 
brigata : — a brigade. 

Brigittensis : — a nun of the order 
of St. Bridget. 

broca : — a tap. See brocha. 

brocagium, broccagium : — a bro- 
ker's hire ; brokerage. 

brocatus : — stitched. See brocha. 

broccarius, broccator : — a broker. 

brocella : — a wood. 

brocellum : — brushwood. 

brocha, broccus : — an awl ; a 
packing needle ; a spit. 

brochia : — a pitcher. 

brochus : — a stick of eels, i.e. 25. 

broculator : — a brewer. 

brodiellum : — brewet, pottage. 

br odium : — broth. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



203 



broidare, broiderare : 
broider. 



to em- 



brokettus : — a brocket, a stag in 
its second or third year ; 
but in 01. E. 21 Hen. III. 
m. 12, the word is applied 
to damos, i.e. fallow deer. 

brollium : — wood, esp. for game. 

broncheria : — Palm Sunday. 

brossus : — bruised. 

bruarium : — heather ; heath 
ground. 

brudatus : — embroidered. 

bruera: — heath. 

bruilletus : — a small coppice. 

bruillium. See brollium. 

bruisdatus, brusdatus : — embroi- 
dered. 

brullium. See brollium. 

brumillus : — a bream (abramis 
brama). 

brunda : — a stag's horn. 

bruneta. See burneta. 

brunus : — brown. 

bruscare : — to browse. 

bruscia : — a wood. 

bruscus : — brush ; broom plant ; 
a beehive. 

brussura, brusura : — a bruise. 

brusua, brusula: — browse; brush- 
wood. 

bucca, bucia. See bussa. 

buccare : — to puff. 

buccula. See bucla. 

bucecarlus : — a boatman. 

bucellum : — a leather bottle. 

bucetum : — a cattle stall. 



bucla : — a boss ; a buckle. 
buclarium : — a buckler. 
bucula : — a buckle. 
buculus : — -the rim of a shield. 
buda : — a mat. 
budellus. See bedellus. 
bufetum : — a board, a cupboard. 
buffa : — a large ship (error for 
bussa ?). 

bugerannum : — buckram. 

buffo : — a stump, a log. (Fr. 
buche.) 

bugula : — a buckle. 

buhurdicium : — a tournament. 

buia, buio : — the two parts of a 
fetter. 

buillo. See bullio. 

bujectum : — budge, lamb fur. 

bukelarius : — a buckler. 

bulengerius : — a baker. 

buletellum : — a sieve. See bul- 
tellum. 

bulettare : — to boult. 

bulga, bulgium : — a budget ; a 
portmanteau ; a bale. 

bulla : — a seal ; a papal bull, 
sealed with lead or gold. 

bullare : — to append a bulla or 
seal. 

bullaria : — the office where the 
bulla was appended. 

bullatus : — sealed. 

bulleria : — a salt house (?). 

bullio: — a measure of salt, 12 
gallons ; a measure of al- 
monds ; bullion. 

bullire : — to boil. 



204 



The Record Interpreter. 



bultellum, bultellus : — a sieve ; 
bran ; the refuse of meal 
after it is dressed by the 
baker. 

bunda : — a boundary. 

bundare : — to bound. 

bundellus : — a bundle. 

bura : — a lock of hair or wool. 

burbalia, burbilia : — the numbles 
of a deer. 

burbulium : — a bubble. 

burburium. See burbalia. 

burcerius : — the captain of a 
ship. 

burcida : — a thief, a cutpurse. 

burdare, bur dear e : — to jest; to 
joust. 

burdeicia, burdicium : — a tourna- 
ment. 

bur do : — a staff. (Fr. bourdon.) 

burdus : — a board. 

burellarius : — a bureller, maker 
of borel, or maker of yarn. 

burellator : — a bureller. See 
burellarius. 

burellatus : — barred. 

burellus : —borel or burrel, a 
coarse brown or grey wool- 
len cloth made in Normandy 
as well as in England (Fr. 
bureau) ; a cupboard ; a 
borrell, a boring tool. 

buryagium : — the service whereby 
a borough is held ; a dwell- 
ling-house in a borough ; 
burgage. 

burgare : — to break into a house, 
to commit burglary. 

burg aria : — burglary. 

burgarius : —a burgess. 



bur gator : — a burglar. 

burgemotus : — an assembly of 
burgesses. 

burgensis : — a burgess ; a towns- 
man. 

burgeria : — burglary. 

burgesaticum : — land held by bur- 
gage tenure. 

burghgeritha : — a fine for breach 
of the peace in a town. 

burglaria : — burglary. 

burgulariter : — burglariously. 

burgus : — a borough. 

burlemannus : — the constable's 
assistant at a Court leet. 

burneta, burnetum : — cloth made 
of dyed wool ; a kind of 
bird. 

burniciator : — a burnisher. 

burochium : — a small weel for 
taking fish, a burrock. 

burrellus. See burellus. 

bursa : — an exchange, a meeting 
place of merchants. 

bursaria : — a bursary. 

bursarius : — a bursar ; a purse 
maker. 

burscida : — a cutpurse. 

bursesaticum. Sfte burgesaticum. 

burum : — a room. 

bur us : — a husbandman. 

busca : — underwood ; firewood. 

buscardus : — a transport ship. 

buscare : — to cut underwood. 

buscarlus : — a seaman. 

buscellum. See bucellum. 

buscha, buscia : — underwood. See 
bussa. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



205 



busellus : — a bushel. 

busones : — chief persons 
(barones ?). 

bussa : — a great ship. The Eng- 
lish buss is a fishing boat. 

bussellus : — a bushel. 

bussio : — a bush. 

busta : — a box. 

butarius : — a butler ; a boot- 
maker (?). 

buteleria, butellarium : — a but- 
tery. 

butellus. See botellus. 

buteus : — a boat. 

buthsecarlus. See buscarlus. 

buthum. See buttum. 

buticularia : — a buttery. 

buticularius : — a butler. 

butirum : — butter. 

butisellus : — a small bottle. 

butta, butticum : — a butt of wine. 

butticella : — a buttery. 

buttileria : — a buttery, or but- 
lery. 

buttum terrce : — a butt of land, 
the end of a ploughed field. 

buturum : — butter. 

buxeria : — a plantation of box 
trees. 

buy a. See buia. 

buzardum : — a transport ship. 

buzo i — the shaft of an arrow. 

bycus : — boxwood. 

byzantius. See bisantius. 



C. 

caabla : — a cable. 

caabulus : — a machine for throw- 
ing stones, a perriere. (Fr. 
chaable.) 

caballus : — a horse. 

cabana : — a cabin. 

cabdellus :— a chief judge at Dax. 

(Fr. chadelerre.) 

cabdolium : — a castle or -chief 
building in a town. 

cabla : — a cable. 

cableicium, cablicia, cablicium : — 
windfall wood ; brouse wood, 
cablish. 

cabo : — a stallion. 

cacepollus : — a catchpole, or in- 
ferior bailiff. 

cacherellus : — a catchpole. 

caahiagium : — packing, or pay- 
ment therefor. 

cacor. See chasor. 

cada : — a cade of herrings, 600 
of 6 score to the 100. 

cadaver ator morine : — a man who 
removes the carcases of 
sheep dead of murrain. 

cadia : — a piece of firewood. 

cadicla : — a weaver's shuttle ; 
the woof. 

cadium : — a quay. 

Casar: — the emperor. 

ccesareus : — imperial. 

cafagium : — a stall ; a cage ; a 
pen. 

caffa : — some silk stuff. 

cagia:-* net for hunting; a 
coop ; a cage. 



206 



The Record Interpreter, 



cairellus: — a quarel, a crossbow 
bolt. 

calacha : — a shoe. (Fr. galoche.) 

calafurcium : — gallows. 

calamandrum : — a kerchief. 

calamar : — a penner. 

calamistratus : — lazy; effeminate. 

calangia, calangium : — a chal- 
lenge ; a claim. 

calbla : — a cable. 

calcari : — to be assessed for. 

calcaria, una : — a pair of spurs. 

calcarius : — a spurrier. 

calcea, calceia : — chalk ; a causey, 
or causeway; a street ; pave- 
ment. 

calceatura : — livery. 

calcesta : — white clover. 

calceta, calcetum : — lime ; a 
causey, or causeway ; a 
street ; pavement. 

calcifurnium : — a limekiln. 

calcitura : — shoeing horses. 

caldaria : — a caldron. 

caldearium, caldellum : — caudle. 

calderium : — a caldron. 

caldo : — entrails. 

caledeus : — a Culdee. 

calef actor cerce : — a chaf ewax, an 
officer in the Court of Chan- 
cery. 

calef agium : — the right of taking 

fuel. 
calef urcium : — gallows. 

calendce : — rural chapters held on 
the first of the month. 

calendare : — to make a list ; to 
calendar. 



calendar 'turn: — a list; a calendar; 
a table of contents. 

calengiare : — to challenge. 

caleptra : — a cap. 

calf agium : — fuel. 

calif care. See qualifcare. 

caltgarum, unum par de: — " one 
pair of woollen cloth Vene- 
tians " (1601). 

calix : — a chalice. 

calixtorium : — a limekiln. 

calmacia: — calm weather. 

calmetum : — marsh. 

calopodium: — a shoemaker's last. 

calumnia : — a challenge ; a claim. 

calumniare: — to challenge; to 
accuse ; to claim. 

calumniatio: — right of challenge. 

calumniator : — a claimant ; an 
accuser. 

calyx : — a chalice. 

camacatus : — made of camaca. 

camahutum : — a cameo. 

camaka : — camaca, a material of 
which ecclesiastical gar- 
ments were made, perhaps 
silk, camlet (?). 

cambellanus : — a chamberlain. 

cambiare, cambire: — to exchange ; 
to trade ; to keep a bank. 

cambiator. See cambitor. 

cambipartia. See campipartitio. 

cambire. See cambiare. 

cambitio : — exchange. 

cambitor : — an exchanger, a 
moneyer. 

cambium : — an exchange ; a mint. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



207 



cambra. See camera. 

cambuca, cambuta : — a pastoral 
staff, a crosier. 

cambucarius : — one who bears a 
crosier. 

cambutio : — exchange. 

cambuttce : — stilts ; crutches. 

camelotum : — camel's hair cloth. 

camera : — a crooked plot of 
ground ; a chamber. 

camera stellata : — the Star 
Chamber. 

earner alts: — chamber (adj.). 

earner aria : — the office of cham- 
berlain. 

camerarius : — a chamberlain. 

earner ia : — the office of chamber- 
lain. 

camerlengus :— -a chamberlain. 

camicia : — a shirt. 

caminus, caminum : — a road ; a 
chamber ; a chimney ; a 
stove. 

camisia : — a shirt ; an alb. 

camoca : — a silken garment. 

campana : — a bell. 

campanarium : — a belfry. 

campanarius : — a bell founder. 

campanella : — a little bell. 

campania : — open country. 

campanile : — a belfry. 

campanus: — country (adj.). 

campartum : — part of a larger 
field, which would otherwise 
be in common ; or the right 
of the lord to take a certain 
share of the crop. 

campedulum : — a cope. 



camper turn. See campartum. 

campes traits : — open country. 

campestratus : — wearing short 
drawers. 

campio : — a champion. 

campipars. See campartum. 

campiparticeps : — a champertor. 

campipartitio : — champerty, a 
bargain with the plaintiff or 
defendant in a suit to have 
part of the thing sued for. 

campsare : — to exchange, to 
traffic. 

campsor : — a banker ; an ex- 
changer ; an exchequer offi- 
cer. 

campus : — field (heraldic). 

canabasium, canabus : — canvas. 

canapeum : — a canopy. 

canardus : — a great ship. 

cancella : — the chancel of a 
church. 

cancellare : — to delete writing 
by drawing lines across it ; 
to cancel. 

cancellaria : — chancery. 

cancellarius : — a chancellor. 

cancellatura : — cancelling. 

cancellum: — the chancel of a 
church. 

cancer a: — a crab, a sort of cap- 
stan for moving heavy 
weights. 

candelaria : — Candlemas. 

candelarius : — a chandler. 

candelatio : — Candlemas. 

candelossa : — Candlemas. 

candidare : — to wash clothes. 



208 



The Record Interpreter, 



candidarius : — a launder, a wh.it- 
ster. 

candredum. See cantreda. 

canella : — cinnamon. 

canellus : — a gutter, a kennel ; a 
tube or tap for drawing 
wine. 

canestellus : — a basket. 

caneva : — a buttery ; a cellar. 

canevacium : — canvas. 

canfara : — ordeal by hot iron. 

canipulus : — a short sword ; a 
knife. 

canna : — a rod used for measur- 
ing land ; a can. 

canniare : — to heap up straw or 
reeds. 

canonia, canonicatus : — a ca- 
nonry. 

canonicus : — a canon, a preben- 
dary. 

cantaredus. See cantreda. 

cant aria : — a chantry. 

cant arista : — a chantry priest. 

cantellum : — a lump ; that which 
is added above measure. 

canter a : — a gantry, or gantril, 
a four-footed stand for bar- 
rels, or for a travelling 
crane. Perhaps the same 
as cancer a. 

canto : — a canton (heraldic). 

cantor: — a chanter; a precentor. 

cantreda, cantredus :— a cantref, 
a Welsh division of a county, 
a hundred villages. 

cantus : — a corner ; an angle ; 
some part of a wheel. 

capa : — a mantle ; a cope ; a cap. 

capana : — a pot-hook. 



caparo : — a hood. 

capella : — a cap ; a chaplet ; a 
short mantle ; a reliquary ; 
a chapel ; the furniture of 
a chapel. 

capellania : — a collegiate church ; 
a chaplaincy ; a chapelry ; 
a vicarage. 

capellanus : — a chaplain. 

capellaria : — a chapelry. 

capellarius : — a capper. 

capelletum : — a headpiece. 

capellula : — a small chapel. 

capellum, capellus : — a cap ; a 
helmet. 

capicerius : — a vestry keeper. 

capicium. See capitium. 

capillar e : — a coif. 

capisterium : — a sieve ; a barn, a 
granary ; a bed-curtain. 

capistrius : — a maker of halters. 

capitagium : — chevage, poll- 
money ; a bolster. 

capitale : — a chattell ; a thing 
which is stolen, or the value 
of it ; a hood ; a pillow. 

capitale vivens : — live cattle. 

capitalis : — chief. 

capitales acrce : — headlands, the 
parcels of a common field at 
right angles to the long 
strips. 

capitalitium : — poll money. 

capitaneus : — a captain. 

capitare : — to abut. 

capite t tenere in : — to hold in 
chief. 

capitegium : — a hood, a cap. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



209 



capitellum : — the capital of a 
pillar. 

capitiarius. See capicerius. 

capitilavium : — Palm Sunday. 

capitium : — a hood; a cap; the 
head of a bed ; a headland; 
the east end of a church. 

capitula. See capitulum. 

capitularc : — to divide into 
chapters ; to make articles 
of agreement ; to meet in 
chapter. 

capitulariter : — in chapter. 

capitulum : — a chapter; a chap- 
ter-house. 

cappa : — a mantle ; a cope ; a 
cap ; the top part of a flail. 

cappilegium : — the strap whereby 
the two parts of a flail are 
united. 

caprarius : — a goatherd. 

cap sella : — a chest. 

captennium : — protection ; tax or 
homage as an acknowledg- 
ment thereof, esp. in Guienne. 

captio : — capture ; custody ; a 
prison ; ransom. 

captivus : — a caitiff ; a wretch ; 
unfortunate. 

captura : — a weir. 

caput : — the first day of a month. 

capuiagium. See chevagium. 

caputium. See capitium. 

carabus : — a lighter ; a coracle. 

caracalla : — a cloak ;- a hood. 

caracca, caracta : — a carrack. 

caragius : — a sorcerer. 

carazare : — to write. 

carbonare : — to make charcoal. 

M. 



carbonarius : — a collier. 

carbonator : — a charcoal burner. 

carbonella : — a steak. 

carcannum : — pillory ; prison. 

carcare : — to load ; to charge. 

carcasium, carcoisium : — a car- 
case. 

cardetum : — a carr, a low marsh)' 
place where alders grow. 

cardinalis : — a cardinal. 

cardiolus : — a snipe. 

cardus : — a card, for carding 
wool; a playing card. 

carea : — a cart. 

careata : — a cartload. 

carecta : — a cart. 

carectarius : — a cai ter. 

carectata : — a cartload. 

car eta : — a cart ; a load. 

careium, careyum: — service of 
carriage. 

carditis :— a quarel, a crossbow 
bolt. 

carelta :— a cassock. 

carentinilla, carentivillus : — can- 
vas. 
car eta, caret la : — a cart. 

caretarius : — a carter. 

car gar e : — to load. 

cariagium : — service performed 
with a cart ; a baggage 
train. 

cariare : — to carry. 

cariatio : — carriage. 

carica : — a fig. 

carinutus : — a cockney. 

cariscus : — an evergreen tree. 

p 



210 



The Record Interpreter . 



caristare : — to make dear. 

caristia : — dearth. 

caritativus : — charitable. 

car ix : — sedge. 

carnarium : — a charnel-house. 

carnator morine : — a man who 
slaughters sheep affected 
with murrain. 

carnebrcrium. See carniprivium. 

carnellare : — to crenellate ; to 
embattle. 

carries ferince : — venison. 

carnicapium : — Shrove Tuesday; 

carnival. 
carnifex : — a butcher. 

carnijicium : — a meat market. 

carniprivium (carnis privium) : — 
fasting ; Lent ; Shrovetide. 

carogium : — a car which bears a 
standard. 

carolare : — to sing. 

caronator, caroynator. See car- 
nator. 

carpalince : — thick boots. (0. E. 
okers. ) 

carpentagium : — payment for 
wood- work. 

carpentarium : — wood- work. 

carpentarius : — a carpenter; a 
cart wright. 

carpetor, carpetrix : — a carder of 
wool. 

carptare : — to card. 

carra : — a car. 

carracuiium : — a chariot. 

carrata : — a cartload ; a carat. 

carrca, carreia : — a cartload ; a 
cart ; the right of carriage 
through a place. 



carreia : — a cartload ; a carat. 

carrica, carrucha : — a ship of 
burden ; a large Portuguese 
ship. 

carrie tare : — to carry. 

carrochium : — a standard on a 
cart. 

carruca, §c. See caruca, Sfc. 

carta, Sfc. See charta. 

cartallus : — a creel ; a hamper. 

cartare : — to convey by charter 
or by cart. 

caruagium. See carucagium. 

caruca:— & plough; a plough 
team ; a plough land. 

carucagium: — a tribute imposed 
on ploughs or plough- 
lands ; liability to plough 
service. 

carucarius : — a ploughman. 

carucata : — a plough-land, the 
size of which varied. It is 
mentioned as containing 
" centum acras ad perticam 
nostram" (CI. Eoll. 19 H. 
iij. m. 8) ; and in the 15th 
cent, we find "ij. carewes 
and a half of lond con- 
teynyng lxxx. acres." 
(E. C. P. 51, 314.) In some 
places it was 240 acres, or 
8 oxgangs ; a team of oxen 
sufficient to work a carucate, 
i.e., eight. 

carucatarius : — one who holds 
land by plough tenure. 

carucator : — a carter; a plough- 
man. 

carula : — a box. See Jcarula. 

carvana : — a caravan. 

carvela : — a caravel, a sailing 
ship with a square poop, 
about 120 tons. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



211 



casale : — a village. 

casamentum. See casala. 

casata, casatum, casatura : — a 
house with land sufficient to 
maintain a family ; a hide 
of land. 

casatus : — a tenant. 

caseatrix: — a maker of cheese. 

cassare: — to quash, to annul. 

cassatio : — nullification. 

cassatus : — a tenant. 

cassea : — a box. 

cassidile : — a purse, pocket, or 
small coffer; a gamebag, a 
pouch. 

cassus : — a case, a box. 

caslellania : — the office of keep- 
ing a castle. 

castellanus : — the owner or cap- 
tain of a castle. 

castellaria, castellarium : — the 
precinct or j urisdiction of a 
castle. 

castenaria : — a chestnut tree. 

casto : — the bezil of a ring. 

castrimergus : — a woodcock (sco- 

lopax rusticola). 
castro : — a wether. 

casula : — a small house or 
church ; a chasuble ; a 
casket (?). 

casuma : — cinders. 

catabulum: — a shed. 

catacrina : — the hip. 

catallum : — cattle ; chattels ; 
capital ; principal. 

catantrum : — a trendle. 

catapulta : — a broad arrow. 



cat as cop us : — an archdeacon ; a 
bishop. 

catatista : — a scolding cart. 

catator : — a cathunter. 

catellare: — to tickle. 

catellarius : — a pedlar. 

catenate : — to chain. 

cathedraticum : — See due, a pen- 
sion paid by parochial 
ministers to the bishop as 
composition for his interest 
in first fruits and offerings. 

cathedratus : — consecrated (of a 
bishop). 

cathenare : — to chain. 

ca thenar ius : — a watchdog, a 

baadog. 
catillare : — to mew, as a cat. 

cattinus : — of catskin. 

cattus, catus : — a cat ; a military 
engine to protect from mis- 
siles soldiers attacking the 
wall of a town, called in 
classical Latin tinea. 

catzurus. See chacurus. 

caucettum : — a causey. 

caula : — a sheepfold. 

caulamaula : — a flute. 

caulare : — to fold sheep. 

cauma : — thatch. 

cauniare. See canniare. 

cautelis : — careful, cautious. 

cautio : — a bond. 

cauzea : — rubble. 

cavalgata : — a cavalry expedi- 
tion. 

cavanna : — an owl. 

cavaria : — a coin ; a narrow 
• path. 

p2 



212 



The Record Interpreter. 



cavilla : — the ancle ; a peg. 

cawagium : — a stall, cage, peri. 

cay a : — a quay. 

cay milieus : — fratricidal, mur- 
derous (from Caym, a 
medieval form of Cain). 

cayrellus : — a quarel, a crossbow 
bolt. 

cayum : — a quay. 

cebum : — tallow. 

ceculicula : — a spark. 

cedula. See schedula. 

celarium : — a s pence, a buttery, 
a cupboard. 

celatorium : — a coverlet. 

celda : — a chaldron, 36 bushels ; 
the same as selda, a stall. 

celdra : — a chaldron. 

celena ferrea : — a scythe (?). 

celer : — the ceiler or canopy of a 
bed. 

celeragium : — cellarage, pay- 
ment for storing goods in a 
cellar. 

celia : — ale made from wheat; 
wort. 

cellai — a cell; a small monas- 
tery depending on a supe- 
rior house ; a close stool ; a 
saddle (sella). 

cellarium : — a cellar. 

cellarius, cellerarius : — a cellarer. 

celura : — a ceiler. 

cementarius : — a mason. 

cenaculum: — breakfast or lun- 
cheon ; a parlour. 

cenapium : — mustard. 

cendalum: — cendal, thin silken 
cloth. 



cendula: — wood for roofing a 

house. 
cenella : — an acorn. 

cenivectare: — to carry in a barrow. 

cenivectorium : — a mudcart, a 
wheel-barrow. 

censa: — rent; farm; tax. 

censaria, censer ia: — a rent; a 
farm let at a standing rent. 

censarius : — a farmer. 

censualis : — a person bound to 
pay a rent to a monastery 
or church, in return for 
protection. 

censuarius : — a farmer. 

census : — tax, tribute. 

centena: — a hundredweight; a 
hundred. 

centenarius : — a petty judge under 
the sheriff ; a hundredor ; a 
centener, an officer com- 
manding 100 soldiers. 

centenus, centuria : — the division 
of a county called a hundred. 

centonizare : — to arrange for sing- 
ing. 

centuclum : — cloth. 

centum : — sometimes used declin- 
able in the plural. 

ceola : — a long boat or ship ; a 
keel. 

ceorlus : — a churl. 
cepa : — a sand eel (?). 
cepes : — a hedge (sepes). 
cephalia : — headache. 
cephalus : — a blockhead. 
ceppa : — stocks. 

ceppagium : — ^the stump of a tree. 
ceppus : — a stump. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



213 



cepum : — tallow (cebum). 

ceroyium : — waxscot, payment 
for the supply of candles in 
a church. 

cercella : — a teal {anas crecca. 
Fr. sarcelle). 

cerchia : — a search. 

ceres um : — a cherry. 

cerevisia, cervisia: — beer. 

cerisum : — a cherry. 

cerna : — choice ; sort. 

ceroferarius : — a candle bearer, 
an acolyte. 

ceroteca : — a glove (chiroteca). 

certificate, certiorare, certorare: — 
to certify, to inform. 

certitudinaliter : — certainly. 

cerium letce: — cert money, paid 
yearly by the tenants of 
some manors to the lord. 

cerura : — a mound or fence ; a 

lock. 
cerussa : — white lead. 

cerverettus, cervericeus, cerveri- 
tius, cams : — a staghound. 

cervicale : — a bolster. 

cervisiarius, cervisior: — a brewer; 

a tenant who pays rent in 

beer. 
cespitare : — to stumble. 

chacea : — a chace ; the rigj-Lt of 
hunting ; a right of way 
for cattle, .droveway. 

chaceare : — to hunt. 

chaceatus : — chased (of plate). 

chacepollus. See cacepollus. 

chacia : — a counter tall}'. 

chacurus : — a horse or hound for 
hunting. 



chulendra. See chel'mdra. 

chalo : —a scapulary ; a counter- 
pane, a chalon. 

chamberlaria : — the office of 
chamberlain. 

champertor. See campiparticeps. 

chamus : — a horse's bit ; a head- 
stall. 

charactare, charaxare : — to write. 

charnarium: — a charnel-house; a 
cemetery. 

charreya : — a cartload. 

char la : — paper ; a charter. 

char la partita : — a charter-party. 

char tare : — to convey by charter. 

char tula : — a small charter. 

chartulare: — a cartulary, a re- 
gister of charters. 

chasor: — a horse for hunting. 

chatia zabuli: — silting up with 

sand. 
chaudmella : — chaudmedley, 

much the same as chance 

medley. 

chauma : — reeds or sedge. 

cheldrum : — a chaldron or chal- 
dern, 36 bushels. 

chel'mdra : — a flat boat. 

cheminagium : — cheminage, chi- 
minage ; a toll paid for a 
road through a forest. 

cheminaia : — a chimney. 

cheminus : — a road ; the right of 
carting crops through 
another's land. 

chepinyabulum : — tax paid at 
market. 

cherechsectum \ — church scot. 

cheresettum : — church scot. 



214 



The Record Interpreter, 



cherigmanmis : — one whose duty 
it was to inspect and fix the 
boundaries of a manor. 

cherisetum, chersettum : — church 
scot. 

cheruca :— a vane, a weathercock. 

cheva : — a shive, the bung in 
which the vent peg is 
inserted. 

chevacia selionum : — the heads of 
the furrows. 

chevagium: — poll money paid by 
villeins to their lord, " ne 
vocentur per capita" or on 
their marriage or for licence 
to leave his land ; or to a 
man of power for his pro- 
tection; also used for pay- 
ment by the king at shrines. 

chcvalchia: — cavalry; a cavalry 
expedition; military service 
as cavalry. 

chevantia : — a loan of money. 

cheverillus : — a cockerel ; a roe- 
buck. 

cheveringus, chevero :— a rafter; 
a joist ; a chevron. 

chevlcia : — a loan. 

chevescia, cheviscce, chevitiat : — 
heads of ploughed land, 
headrigs. 

chevisare : — to obtain by agree- 
ment. 

cheviserum : — a headstall. 

chimenea : — a chimney ; a fire- 
place. 

chimera : — a riding cloak ; a cope. 
chiminachium, chiminagium. See 
cheminagium. 

chiminus. See cheminus. 
chintura : — a strip of land. 



chirographare :— to grant by in- 
denture. 

chirographarius : — a c h i r o- 
grapher, writer of chiro- 
graphs. 

chirographum : — a chirograph, a 
public instrument of con- 
veyance, attested by wit- 
nesses ; an indenture. 

chirographics :— an officer of the 
Common Pleas who en- 
grosses fines. 

chirotheca : — a glove, a gauntlet. 

chivagium : — payment by nativi 
to their lord for liberty to 
leave his lordship. See 
chevagium. 

choercere: — for cocrcere. 

chorepiscopus : — a suffragan 
bishop. 

chorista : — a chorister. 

chorus :— the choir of a church ; 
a crowth or crowd, a musical 
instrument of Wales and 
Scotland, played with a bow. 

chrisma : —consecrated oil ; any 
ceremony at which it is 
used, as extreme unction. 

chrismale : — the cloth laid over a 
child's head at baptism. 

ch rismaiorium : — a chrism atory, 
a vessel to contain conse- 
crated oil. 

Christicola, Christianicola : — a 
Christian. 

chrotta : — a crowd, a fiddle. 

chursetum : — church scot. 

chymera :— for camera. 

ciborium : — a canopy or ceiler 
over the altar ; a metal 
vessel to contain the sacra- 
mental bread. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



215 



cibutum : — a meat safe. 

ciccus : — for siccus. 

clcer : — cider. 

ciffus, dfus : — a cup (scyphus). 

cilicium : — a hair shirt. 

cillaba : — a table dormant. 

cimbt'a : — a churn ; a fillet. 

cimeria : — the crest on a helmet. 

cimifio : — a stoker. 

ciminum : — cummin. 

cindalum : — cendale. 

cindula, scindula : — shingles, 
lath for roofing. 

cinynottus, cingnotus : — a cygnet. 

cinyula. See cindula. 

cipha : — a sieve, a measure of 
about 5 qr3. 

cipharius : — a cup maker. 

ciphra : — a cipher. 

cippus : — the stocks. 

circa : — a watchman. 

circada, circata : — a fee paid to 
the bishop or archdeacon at 
his visitation ; church shot, 
a measure of corn or other 
produce paid by each house- 
holder to the bishop. 

circator : — a person whose duty 
it was to go the rounds, esp. 
in a cathedral or monastery. 

circinatorium : — a covering for 
the altar. 

cirvinnare : — to arraDge in a 
circle. 

circulate : — to put hoops to ; to 
turn. 

circulator : — a cooper ; a turner. 

ciricsetum :— church scot. 



cirografum. See chirographum. 

cirotheca. See chirotheca. 

cirpi : — rushes. 

cisara, cisera: — cider. 

cisimus : — ermine. 

cissor (scissor) : — a tailor ; a 

shearman. 
cit Aerator, cithero : — a harper. 
citolla : — a cittern. 
citula : — a jug. 
ciuera, civeria : — a wheelbarrow. 

cites : — in some cases an elected 
body of citizens who after- 
wards became aldermen. 

civilista : — a civil lawyer. 

claccare : — to clack wool, i.e., to 
cut off the sheep's mark, 
whereby it weighs less and 
yields less custom. 

clada, clades : — a hurdle or 
wattle. 

claia : — a hurdle or wattle. 

clamancia : — a claim. 

clamare : — to claim. 

clamatio : — a claim. 

clamator : — a crier ; a claimant. 

clameum, clamium : — a claim. 

clamivus : — an accuser. 

clamor : — complaint ; demaud. 

clamor papillaris : — hue and cry. 

clamiim : — a claim. 

claretum: — a liquor made of 
wine, honey, and spices ; 
red wine. 

clarificatio : — anniversary of a 
saint's death. 

clarigarius armorum : — a herald. 



216 



The Record Interpreter. 



clario : — a trumpet. 

classatorium : — a clapper. 

classicum : — a peal of bells. 

elates : — a hurdle or wattle. 

clatravus : — a latch. 

clatrum : — an enclosure. 

clausa : — a clause. 

clausella : — a closet. 

clausicula : — a closet. 

clausio : — fortification. 

clans tralis : — living in a cloister. 

clans tra liter : — in convent man- 
ner. 

claustrum : —the precinct of a 
monastery ; the cloister. 

claustura : — brushwood used for 
fencing, &c. 

clausum : — a close. 

clausum Paica or Paschce: — the 
Close of Easter, the Sunday 
after Easter, Low Sunday. 

clausum Pentecostes : — Trinity 

Sunday. 

clausura : — an enclosure. 

clavia, clava :— a club or mace. 

clavica : — a privy (cloaca). 

clavicula : — a notch, a nock. 

claviyarius: — a lorriner, a bit 
maker. 

clavinarius :— a keeperof keys (?). 

clavis. See clavium, clavus. 

eluvium : — a clove. 

clavus • — a clove, a weight used 
for wool and other goods, 
7 lbs. or 8 lbs. 

clawa : — a close of land. 

clay a : — a hurdle or wattle. 



clea, cleda, cleia : — a hurdle or 
wattle. 

clenodium :— a jewel, a present. 

clericatura : — the status of clergy- 
man ; clergy. 

clericus : — a clerk, a clergyman. 

clerimonia : — an assembly of the 
canons of a cathedral or of 
the members of a convent ; 
religion ; sobriety. 

cleronomus : — an heir. 

clerus : — the clergy ; a clerk. 

cleya, clida : — a hurdle or wattle. 

clipsadra : — a waterclock (clep- 
sylra). 

clito : — a prince ; an rctheling. 

clitorium : — a click et ; a latch. 

cliiunculus. See clito. 

clittum: — a tire for a wheel. 
See clutium. 

cloca, clocha : — a bell ; a cloak. 

clocarium : — a belfry. 

clocherium : — a belfry. 

clostura. See claustura. 

cluarium : — a forge. 

clucetta : — a clicket. 

clunabulum : — a dagger, worn at 
the side. 

clusa: — a sluice; a fish stew ; a 
monastery ; a pass between 
mountains. 

clustella : — a lock of hair. 

clutarium : — a forge. 

clutium, clutum : — a shoe ; a 
horse -shoe; the tire for a 
wheel, or perhaps knobs to 
serve the same purpose. 

clutus :— a cloth ; a clout. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



217 



cnipulus: — a knife, a short sword. 

cnolla : — a knoll, the top of a 

hill. 
cnusticium : — a rivet. 

coadunare : — to collect. 

coagulatorium : — a churn. 

cobba : —a cobloaf ; a bun. 

cocarius : — a cook. 

coccula : — a coarse woollen blan- 
ket or mantle. 

coconellus : — a cockney. 

cocula : — a cogue, a drinking-cup 
in form of a boat. 

codificatio : — repairs. 

codrinus : — poor. 

cajnobium : — a convent. 

cofa : — a cup. 

cofata : — a cupful. 

cnfeoffatus : — a joint feoffee. 

coffer a : — a coffer. 

cofferarius : — a cofferer. 

cnffinum, cojfinus : — a coffer ; a 
coffin. 

offra, cofrum : — a coffer. 

coga, cogya: — a cock -boat or 
coggle, a small sailing-boat. 

cogniare : — to coin. 

cognitio : — homage ; cognisance ; 
armorial bearings. 

cognitor : — a judge; an informer. 

cogo. See coga. 

cohuagium : — a toll paid at a 
market or fair. 

coif a: — a coif, the head-dress 
worn by serjeants-at-law. 

coiyniare : —to coin ; to stamp. 

coinagium. See cunagium. 



cokettum : — a custom-house seal ; 
a receipt for the payment of 
custom. 

cokettus : — cocket bread, a su- 
perior, but not the finest 
sort. 

cokilla : — a shell. 

cokinus : — an inferior servant. 

coksetus :— a coxswain. 

colarium : — a collar. 

colatorium : — a sieve ; a colander. 

colera : — a collar. 

colerettus : — a necklace. 

coleriwn : — a collar. 

colibertus: — a tenant in socage. 

colideus : — a Culdee. 

colingaria. See coning eria. 

collactanea : — a fostermother. 

collar dum. See cuillardum, cul- 
lardus. 

collar e : — a ruff. 

collarius : — carrying a load on 
the neck. 

collationare : — to collate. 

collecta : — a collection. 

collectaneus : — a companion. 

collectare, collector turn : — a book 
containing collects. 

colli strigium : —a pillory. 

colobium : — a tunic without, or 
with short, sleeves ; a 
tabard. 

colonellus : — a colonel. 

color : — rhyme. 

colorare : — to rhyme. 

colpicium : — a pole. 

colpo: — a fragment; a small 
wax candle. 



218 



The Record Interpreter. 



columbare: — a dovecote. 

columbaria : — putlog holes. 

culumbarius : — a keeper of 
pigeons. 

columbella : — a pigeon. 

colustrum : — new milk. 

comba : — a combe, valley. 

combuslio : — trial of money at 

the Exchequer. 
comes : — an ealdorman ; a count ; 

an earl. 

comestio : — dinner. 

comitatio, comitatus :— a county ; 
a county court. 

comitiva : — a company. 

commandare. See commendare. 

commarchia : — a frontier. 

commater } cemmatrix : — used for 
the relationship between 
one who has held a child at 
baptism and the mother, 
0. E. gomra ; a godmother. 

commenda: — a, deposit; when a 
benefice is given to a lay- 
man, or to a clerk for a 
time, it is said to be given 
in commendam ; a eom- 
mandry, a bene6ce in the 
order of the kuights of St. 
John. 

commendare : — to lend, to de- 
posit ; to order ; to put one- 
self under the protection of 
another. 

commendatarius : — one who holds 
a living in commendam. 

commendatitius : — of commenda- 
tion, esp. litcrce. 

commendatus : — a person who 
puts himself under the pro- 
tection of his superior by 
doing voluntary homage. 



commensale : — board ; diet ; com- 
mons. 

commensalis : — a fellow-boarder, 
fellow-commoner. 

commensare : — to begin. 

commissarius : — a commissary, 
one who exercises spiritual 
jurisdiction by commission 
of a bishop. 

commissio : — a commission. 

commissionarias : — one who acts 
by commission ; a commis- 
sioner. 

commonitio : - summons. 

commorancia : — dwelling, re- 
sidence. 

commothum : — a commote, a 
quarter, or some say a half 
of a cantred. 

communa : — common land or pro- 
perty ; right of common ; 
commons ; a community ; a 
fiscal regulation. 

communantia : — the communance, 
the folk having the right of 
common. 

communare : —to enjoy the right 
of common. 

communaris :- — a fellow-citizen. 

communarius, communiarius : — a 
commoner. 

co7nynuncs: — commons at a col- 
lege or Inn of Court. 

communia : — a corporation or 
community. 

com m u n ia ( pi . ) : — commo n alty ; 
commons ; ordinary business 
of a court. 

communia : — commons. 

communiare : — to have risrht of 
common. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



219 



communicare : — to have right of 
common. 

communis clericus : — common 
clerk, or clerk of the com- 
mons, now called town clerk. 

communis pasture : — common of 
pasture. 

communitas : — commonalty ; 
sometimes all the citizens, 
but in this case usually 
communitas civium. 

communitas civitatis : — the com- 
monalty of the city, the 
court or council. 

comortha : — a collection, espe- 
cially that made at mar- 
riages, and when a priest 
said his first mass. 

comothus. See commothum. 

compagator : — a suffragan bishop. 

companagium : — anything eaten 
with bread ; the right of 
having meals together. 

comparticcpsy compartionarius : — 
a copartner. 

compassare : — to compass. 

compater : — a godfather. 

compausare : — to cease, to rest. 

compellare :— to cite ; to accuse ; 
to compel. 

compellativus : — an accuser. 

comptrtorium'. — a judicial in- 
quest in the civil law made 
by delegates. 

compestralis. See campcjtralis. 

compcstratus. .See campestratus. 

complectorittm, completorium : — 
compline, about 7 p.m. ; 
supper. 

complicaiorium : — a counting 
board, a counter. 



compostiare : — to manure. 

compos turn : — manure. 

compotus : — an account. 

comptista : — an accountant. 

compurgator : — one who swears 
to another's innocence. 

computatorium: — a counter, a 
reckoning board ; the Coun- 
ter, the name of two prisons 
in the Poultry and Wood 
Street. 

computoria : — a counting-house. 

computorium. See computato- 
rium. 

computorum rotulator : — a comp- 
troller. 

computus : — an account. 

conalis murus : — a gable wall. 

concclamentum .'—concealment. 

convelare : — to conceal. 

concelatio : — concealment. 

concelator : — a concealer, a man 
who rinds out concealed 
lands. 

concernere : — to belong ; to con- 
cern. 

concides : — felled trees. 

conclave : — a parlour. 

concubiculum, concubile : — a bed 
for two. 

condare : — to give at the same 
time. 

condicium : — a mandate, an 
edict ; a tribunal, a court. 

condiyena : — a fellow-country- 
man. 

condor sum : — a ridge or low 
hill (?;. 

conductarius : — a man employed 
on water works. 



220 



The Record Interpreter, 



conductus : — a conduit. 

conductus, salvus : — a safe-con- 
duct. 

condulus : — a buzzard (buteo vul- 
garis). 

conduus : — a pear tree, esp. 
Quarendon. 

conestabulus, conestabilis: — a con- 
stable. 

confinium : — a boundary. 

conjiscare : — to confiscate. 

confortamen : — comfort. 

confraga : — breaking down trees. 

confratria : — brotherhood ; con- 
spiracy. 

conjrustare, confrustrare : — to 
break in pieces. 

congius : — a measure contain- 
ing about a gallon and 
a pint. 

congrua, congrus : — a conger 
{conger vulgaris). 

coning a : — a rabbit ; a rabbit 
skin. 

coningeria : — a rabbit warren. 

conjecturare : — to guess. 

conjunctorius : — a joiner. 

conquestare : — to acquire, to con- 
quer. 

conquestus : — property acquired 
(by inheritance or conquest 
or otherwise). 

conquinare : — to defile. 

conredium. See corredhtm. 

conscisorium : — a guidon, a small 
standard. 

consequentia : — a precedent. 

consider are : — to decree ; to 
award. 



cons is tor ium: — a council or as- 
sembly of ecclesiastical per- 
sons, or place of justice in 
a spiritual court ; a seat at 
table ; a meal. 

conspicatio : — cleaning. 

constabilia : — ward. 

constabilis : — a constable. 

constabularia : — the office of con- 
stable. 

constabularies : — a constable. 

constuma : — custom. 

consue/udinarius : — customary ; a 
custumal, a book containing 
the rites of divine offices, or 
the customs of a monastery ; 
a man subject to feudal 
services. 

consuetudo : — custom, used, as 
the English word, for a 
payment imposed on mer- 
chandise. 

consuetura : — use. 

consulator: — & counsel, a coun- 
cillor, used especially in 
Guienne. 

consultarius : — a councillor. 

contenementum : — freehold land 
attached to a man's dwel- 
ling-house ; what is neces- 
sary for a man's mainten- 
ance. 

contenlare : — to pay ; to denote. 

conthoralis : — husband or wife. 

contiguari : — to be near. 

con tr a : — against, i.e. in time for. 

contrabreve : — a counter writ. 

contrada : — a country. 

contrafacere : — to imitate, to 
counterfeit. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



221 



contra/actor : — an imitator, a 

forger. 
contrafactura :— a counterfeit. 
contraiare :— to oppose. 

contramandatum : — a lawful ex- 
cuse which a defendant 
alleges by attorney, to show 
that the plaintiff ha3 no 
cause of complaint. 

contramurale :— an outwork. 

contraplacitum : — a counter-plea. 

contrapositio :— a plea or answer. 

contrariare : — to oppose. 

contrariparius :— a corrival, a 
dweller on the opposite 
bank ; a beater on the 
opposite side of a river 
when hawking. 
contrarotulatio : — comptrolment. 
contrarotulator :— a comptroller. 
contrarotulum : — a counter-roll. 
contrata :— a country. 
contratallia :— a counter-tally. 
contratalliator : — a counter- 

talleyer. 
contrivare : — to contrive. 
controfacere : — to counterfeit. 
contus : — a pestle. 
conus : — a corner. 
conveancia : — conveyance. 
conveare : —to convey. 
conveiancia : — a conveyance. 
convenire\ — to summon, to con- 
vene. 
conventinare : — to covenant. 
conventio : — a covenant. 
conventional : — to covenant. 



conversus: — a lay monk, lay 
brother ; a converted Jew 
or Mahommedan. 

conviator :— a fellow traveller. 

convitiare : — to rail at. 

cooperlectorium : — a coverlet. 

conpero. See coprones. 

cooper tia, coopertio :— -bark and 

brokea wood of felled trees. 

coopertor :— a tiler ; a thatcher. 

cooper torium :— a coverlet ; a 
roof ; a cuirass. 

cooper turn . — covert. 

coopertura :— a covert ; a cuirass ; 
coverture, the condition of a 
married woman ; thatch. 

coopertus equus : — a barded 

horse. 
coopicium : — coppice. 

copa :— a cop of corn, " sc. xx. 
garbte " (Sussex) ; of peas, 
15 or 16 sheaves. 

coparcenaria -.—coparcenary. 

coparticeps :— a coparcener. 

copecia : — coppice. 

coper o. See coprones. 

coperosa :— copperas. 

copertorium. See cooper torium. 

coper turn :— cover for game. 

cophinus : — a coffer ; a coffin. 

copia: — a copy. 

copiare : —to copy. 

copicia : — a coppice. 

copla : — a couple. 

copo : — twigs. 

coppa. See copa. 

coppatus -.—coppice. 



222 



The Record Interpreter, 



coprones : — twigs. 

copucium : — a coppice. 

copula : — a couple for hounds ; a 
joist ; a tiebeam. 

coqua. See coga. 

coquarius : — a cook. 

coquinarius : — the kitchen 
steward in a monastery. 

coraagium : — a tribute of certain 
measures (corns) of corn ; or 
perhaps the same as cor- 
nagium. 

coralius : — a currier. 

corarius : — a currier. 

corballum, corbella : — a basket. 

corlanus : — a rural dean (pic- 
banus) in Ireland. 

corbellus : — a corbel, a project- 
ing piece of timber to sup- 
port a weight. 

corbio : — a basket maker. 

cor bis : — a hive. 

corbona : — a priest's treasury or 
strong box. 

corda : — a cord ; a measure of 
land, 22 feet ; a cord of 
wood, 8 or 10 feet by 4 feet 
by 4 feet. 

cordarius : — a rope maker. 

cordebanarius, corduanerius : — a 

cordwainer. 
cordelalus : — corded. 

corderius : — a rope maker. 

cordewana, corduana : — cord wain, 
Cordovan leather. 

corduanarius : — a cordwainer. 

cordula : — a string. 

corerius : — a courier. 

coretes : — weirs. (Welsh, cored.) 



corgigatorium :— a churn. 

corigia, corigium. See corrigia. 

corilclum : — a hazel copse. 

corluvus'.—a, curlew (nnmenius 
arquata). 

cormusa. See cornamusa. 

cornagium :— cornage, horngeld, 
payment for right to graze 
cattle on moor or common ; 
a rent or tax paid on oxen. 

cornamusa : — a cornemuse, a 
Cornish bagpipe. 

cornare : — to blow a horn. 

cornarius :— a horner ; a horn 
blower. 

cornellatus. See carnellare. 

cornera, comeria, corneriumi—a, 
corner. 

cornicallus : — a corn on the foot. 

corniculare :—to blow a horn. 

cornisare, cornuare : — to blow a 
horn. 

corodium, 8fc See corredium. 
coronale:~a wreath, a crown. 
coronamentum : — coronation. 
coronare :— to crown ; to make a 

person a priest ; to perform 

the tonsure. 

corona rius: — a coroner. 

coronatio : — coronation. 

coronator : — a coroner. 

coronellus :— a colonel. 

coronix : — a cornice. 

corositas .'—rottenness. 

corporale, corporarium : — a cor- 
poras. 

corpus castri:— the castle without 
the surrounding town, &c. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



223 



corr alius : — a currier. 

correctarius : — a licensed broker. 

corrediarius : — the holder of a 
corrody. See corredium. 

corredium, corridium : — a cor- 
rody, money or allowance 
due by a monastery to the 
founder for the maintenance 
of one of his servants ; an 
allowance of any kind ; a 
livery. 

corrigia : — a strip of land, leather, 
&c. ; a girdle ; a shoe latchet. 

corrigiarius : — a girdler. 

corr odium. See corredium. 

cortina : — a curtain. 

cortinarius : — a curtain maker. 
See cortinetus. 

cortinatus : — curtained. 

cortinetus : — a man in charge of 

the king's tents. 
cortis : — a courtyard. 

cortularium : — a farmyard. 

corulus : — hazel. 

cor us : — a corn measure, perhaps 
8 bushels, 

corusia :— used for chorista. 

corvata, corveia : — compulsory 
work done by tenant for 
lord. 

corrersarius, corvisarius : — a 
cordwainer ; a cobbler. 

cosduma : — custom. 

costa : — a rib, a side ; a basket ; 
cost. 

costamentum : — cost. 

coster a :— coast. 

costerillum : — a flagon. 

costillagium : — a rent in the 
Channel Islands. 



costiterunt : — they cost. 

costrellus : — a drinking cup, 
often of wood. 

costula : — clove (of garlic, &c). 

costuma : — custom. 

cot a : — a cot ; a tunic ; a hat ; a 
fcheepeote. 

co(agiu7n: — a cottage, originally 
meant the land attached to 
a cot. 

cotarius :— r-a cotter. 

cotellus : — a cottage* 

coterellus : — a servile tenant ; a 
bandit. 

cote?'ia, coterium : — a cottage. 

cotmannus : — a cottager. 

cotseihla: — a cottage, a small 
farmhouse. 

cotsethus, cotsetlus, cotsetellus : — 
a cottager. 

cotuca : — a cloak ; coat armour. 

couperagium : — cooper's work. 

coupiator : — a woodman. 

courba. See corvata. 

courearius : — a currier. 

courtepia : — a courtepye, a short 
cloak. 

covina, covinia : — covin, a com- 
pact for purposes of fraud. 

covinosus : — fraudulently. 

craantare. See creantare. 

craiera : — a crayer, or smack. 

crampo : — a crampon, a grap- 
pling iron, or metal fasten- 
ing in jewellery. 

cranagium : — liberty to use a 
crane ; profit made by a 
crane. 



224 



The Record Interpreter, 



cranare : — to lift goods with a 
crane. 

crannoeum : — a crannock, a mea- 
sure of corn ; a basket. 

crariolus : — a rake. 

craspiscis : — a whale. 

crassipulum : — a cresset. 

cratera : — a chest or coffin. 

craticula : — a gridiron ; a lattice. 

cratis : — a wattle ; a crate. 

cravare : — to impeach. 

creancia : — credit. 

creantare : — to give security for. 

creantum : — security. 

creca, crecca : — a creek. 

credentia : — faith, belief ; a small 
table to hold the vessels of 
the altar. 

crementum : — increase. 

cremium : — refuse tallow. 

crenellare. See carnellare. 

creputellus : — a cracknel. 

cr esc ens : — a crescent. 

cressans : — a crescent. 

cresta : — the crest of a bank. 

crestare murum :^-to complete 
the top of a wall with coping 
stones. 

crestura : — coping ; the ridge of 
a roof. 

cretena, cretinus : — a torrent. 

crevacia : — a crevice, a crack. 

crevina : — increase (?). 

crimi&inum : — crimson. 

crinium : — the skull. 

cristianare : — to convert to 
Christianity. 



crocardus : — a crocard, bad 
money, prohibited by 
statute 27 Edw. I. 

croccus : — a crowbar. 

crocea, crocia : — a crook ; a cro- 
sier ; investiture of epis- 
copal sees ; dress worn by 
regular canons. 

crociarius : — a cross-bearer. 

crocus : — a crook. 

croeria : — a shrike {lanius ex- 
cubitor). 

croffeta, crofta, croftum : — a 
croft ; a close. 

cromio :— a strap. ( Fr. creim.) 

cronarius : — a man in charge of 
farm stock. 

cronnus : — a measure of four 
bushels. 

cropa, croppa, croppus : — a crop ; 
twigs. 

crotia. See crocea. 

crotta : — a crowd, a fiddle. 

crucesignatus : — -a crusader ; one 
who has taken the cross. 

crucibulum : — a cresset. 

crucifer : — a Crossed or Crutched 
Friar. 

crufta : — a croft. 

cruppa : — a horse's croup. 

crupparium : — a crupper. 

crusiatus : — having taken the 
cross. 

cruslare : —to daub ; to plaster. 

crustum : — embossed plate. 

crux : — sometimes used for crus. 

crypta : — a chapel or oratory 
under ground. 

cubare: — to lie down. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



225 



cubicare : — to go to bed. 

cucneus. See cuneus. 

cuculla, cucullus : — a long, full 
garment without sleeves ; a 
cape ; a cowl. 

cucullatus :— wearing a cowl; a 
monk. 

cufa : — a cup. 

cufata : — a cupful. 

miliar da : — a chilver, a ewe 
lamb. 

cuillardum: — a spoonful, ladleful. 

culagium : — placing a* ship in 
dock ; keelage. 

culcitra: — a cushion, a bed. 

Culdeus : — a Culdee, clergy in 
Scotland and Ireland from 
the 6th to 11th centuries 
whose chief place was Iona. 

culigna : — bellows. 

cullardus : — a wether (?). 

calmus : — sometimes used for 
culmen. 

cultellarius : — a cutler. 

culvertagium : — confiscation; ser- 
vitude. 

cumba : — a coomb, a measure of 
corn, 4 bushels. 

cumbla : — a roof ; a ridge. 

cumgrnus : — a conger. 

cumelingus : — comeling, i.e. newly 
arrived, used of cattle. 

cumillia : — equality (?). 

cuminum : — cummin. 

cumulus : — the chancel of a 
church ; vaulting ; a straw- 
rick or pook of corn. 

cuna : — coin. 

cunagium : — coinage ; stamp. 
If. 



cunare, cuneare : — to coin. 

cuneragium : — some toll. 

cunere : — to coin. 

cuneus : — a stamp ; a coinage ; a 
mint. 

cunicularium : — a rabbit warren. 

cuniculus : — a coney, a rabbit. 

cuningeria : — a rabbit warren. 

cuninus : — a rabbit. 

cupa : — a cup. 

cuparius : — a cooper. 

cupatorium : — a vat. 

cuperagium : — cooperage. 

cuperius : — a cooper. 

cuppa: — a ship of burden; a 

lighter ; a cup. 
cupperius : — a cooper. 
curagulus : — a caretaker. 

curallum : —coral ; some kind of 
corn or meal. 

curator : — an attorney in ecclesi- 
astical cases. 

curatus : — careful; a clergyman 
in charge ; with cure of 
souls (of a benefice). 

curba : — some piece of timber. 

curcula : — a cable. 

curda : — a measure used for 
slices. 



curetarius : — a curator 
aminer. 



an ex- 



curia: — a court ; frequently used 
for curia Romana, meaning 
simply Rome. 

curialis, littera: — court hand. 

curialitas : — courtesy. 

currifrugium : — a riddle, a sieve. 

Q 



226 



The Record Interpreter. 



cursalis : — current. 

cursaria. See cursoria. 

curserius : — a courser (horse). 

curso : — a ridge of land. 

cursor : — a courier ; a crier. 

cursoria : — a swift ship. 

curta. See curtis. 

Curtana : — Curteyn, the name of 
the sword of Edward the 
Confessor. 

curtena : — a curtain. 

curtilagium : — a curtilage, a 
courtyard or piece of land 
near a house. 

curtiles terra : — court lands ; de- 
mesne lands. 

curtillum. See curtilagium. 

cur Una : — a curtain. 

curtinatus : — curtained. 

curtis, curtus: — a court; a court- 
yard ; a house and farm ; a 
pound, a pinfold. 

curtisanus : — a courtier. 

curuca : — a carrack, a large Por- 
tuguese ship. 

cussina : — a cushion. 

custa, custagium, custamentum, 
custantia : — cost. 

custamentum : — sometimes used 
for custodia. 

custare : — to cost. 

custodes bonorum ecclesice : — 
churchwardens. 

custodia : — wardship ; a ward of 
a town. 

custuma : — custom. 

custumannus : — a customary 
tenant. 



custumare : — to assess for pay- 
ment of custom ; to pay 
custom. 

custumarius : — customary ; sub- 
ject to payment of custom ; 
a collector of customs. 

custus : — cost. 

cutellarius : — a cutler. 

cutellus : — a knife. 

cuteus : — of skin. 

cuva : — a vat. 

cuvarius : — a cooper. 

cyclas : — a long garment, close 
at the top and wide below. 

cylicium : — a hair shirt. 

cyrenarumpihts : — sealskin. 

cyrographum, &c. See chiro- 
graphum. 

cyula : — a ship. 



D. 

dacra, daker. See dicra. 

dadus : — a die. 

daeria : — a dairy. 

dagus : — a dais. 

daia : — a dairymaid, or man. 

daiera : — a dairy. 

daila, dailus : — a ditch ; a certain 
measure of land. 

daimeretta. See damerettus. 

daina : — a bushel ; a day's work. 

dalmatica : — a dalmatic, a dea- 
con's vestment ; a tunicle. 

dalus. See daila. 

dama : — a buck or doe. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



227 



damerettus, damericius : — a hound 
used for fallow deer. 

damisella. See domicella. 

damma : — a dam. 

dammus : — a buck. 

damnum : — damage. 

damns : — a buck. 

danegildum : — danegeld. 

dangeria : — a payment made by 
forest tenants for liberty to 
plough and sow during pan- 
nage time, lessilver, or 
lef silver. 

danger turn : — liability to confisca- 
tion. 

daptfer : — a sewer ; a steward of 
the household ; a cellarer ; 
a bailiff of a manor. 

dapiferatus : — stewardship. 
^dapiscida : — a carver. 
dapsiferus : — festal. 
dapsilitas : — an act of liberality. 
dardus : — a dart. 
dars>s : — some kind of fish. 
data : — the date of a document. 
datarius : — a datary, an officer of 

the Roman chancery. 
datilis, dattilus : — a date (fruit). 
datium : — tributo ; tax. 
dauber turn : — plaster work, dab. 

davata : — a "daywercke,"orfour 
perches. 

daya : — a dairyman, or maid. 

dayaria, dayeria : — a dairy. 

dayla. See daila. 

deadvocare : — to disavow ; to re- 
fuse ; to give up a suit. 



deajforestare : — to disafforest, to 
bring forest land into culti- 
vation. 

deal bare : — to whiten. 

dealbatio : — a white dress worn 
by a candidate or novice. 

dealbator: — a whitewashes 
dauber. 

deamluJatorium : — an ambula- 
tory. 

dear es tare : — to free from arrest. 

deawarennare : — to dis- warren. 

debata, debatum : — a debate, a 
dispute. 

debatabilis : — debateable. 

debere : — sometimes means "is 
supposed to." 

debilis : — worn. 

debitatus : — indebted. 

debriare: — to intoxicate; to in- 
undate. 

debriatus : — drunk. 

decaisatus : — decayed. 

decalcare : — to whiten. 

decanatus :— a deanery. 

decania, decenna : — a deanery ; a 
tithing ; a f riburgh. 

decanica: — an ecclesiastical 
prison. 

dec anus : — a dean ; a borsholder, 
chief of the f riburgh ; a 
dozenner, a tithing man. 

decarnellatus : — having the cre- 
nellation destroyed. 

decasus : — decay. 

decaudare : — to dock the tail. 

decena. See decania. 

decendium : — a period of ten days. 

Q2 



228 



The Record Interpreter. 



decenna : — a tithing. 

decennaria: — the jurisdiction of 
a tithing-man. 

decennarius : — a tithing-man, 
a dozenner. 

decimabilis : — titheable. 

decimce : — tithes. 

decimare : — to tithe. 

deeimatio : — tithes ; paying a 
tenth part. 

derimus primus : — eleventh. 

decipula : — a trap, a snare. 

decius : — a die. 

decolpare : — to cut down. 

decostare, decosticere : — to cost. 

decretales : — decretals, papal 
letters containing decrees, 
or on matters in which the 
popes were consulted. 

decretista : — a person learned in 

the Decretals. 
decretum : — a decree, especially 

of the Pope. 

decrustare :— to strip off. 

decuria : — a tithing. 

decuriare : — to bring into order; 
to try (?). 

decurio : — a rural dean ; a tith- 
ing-man. 

dedilectio : — loss of affection. 

deductus : — game ; hunt. 

defalcare : — to weaken ; to de- 
duct. 

defalta : — default ; negligence. 

defeasancia : — defeasance, a con- 
dition relating to a deed on 
the performance of which 
the deed is void. 



defender e : — to prohibit ; to re- 
fuse. 

defensa : — a fenced park, an en- 
closure. 

defensabilis : — easily defended. 

def ensure : — to defend. 

defensio : — a prohibition. 

defensiva : — fortification. 

defenso, in : — in defence ; of 
ground, enclosed for a time. 

defensum : — an enclosure ; a pro- 
hibition. 

defensus : — custody. 

deferrare : — to unshoe a horse. 

defesancia. See defeasancia. 

defetus : — exhausted (effetus). 

defgurare : — to disguise. 

deflorare : — to pick flowers. 

deforciamentum : — deforcement, 
illegal occupation of pro- 
perty. 

deforciare : — to deforce. 

deforciatio : — holding goods in 
satisfaction for debt. 

deforciator : — a deforcer. 

deforestare. See deafforestare. 

deforis : — outside. 

defustare : — to beat, to cudgel. 

degelare : — to thaw. 

degistatus : — without joists. 

degradus : — stairs. 

deguttare : — to drop on ; to pour 
over. 

deia : — a dairyman, or maid. 

deimericius. See darner ettus. 

deis, deisium : — a dais. See 
dagus. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



229 



deiwerca : — a day-work, or four 
perches. 

dekernellatus : — having the cre- 
nellation destroyed. 

delatura : — an accusation. 

delta : — some metal found in 
Derbyshire. 

delictus : — " a cokeney." 

demanda : — a demand. 

demandare : — to demand; to cite. 

demanium, demenium. See do- 
minium. 

demembrare : — to dismember. 

demorare : — to govern. 

demorari : —to demur. 

demullare : — to dread. 

dena : — a glen ; a coppice. 

denariata, denariatus :— a penny- 
worth. 

denariuta terrce :— land worth a 
penny per annum, varying 
from one perch to one acre. 

denariis, in : — in coin. 

denarius: — a penny; a penny- 
weight, i.e., 32 grains of 
wheat from the middle of 
the ear. 

denbera: — a pasture for pigs 
(swinecombe). 

denerata : — a pennyworth. 

denizatus : — a. denizen. 

denna. See dena. 

densescere : — to grow thick. 

dentes : — gratings. 

dentrix : — a pike (esox lucius). 

deobligatio : — a release. 



deodanda, deodandum : — an ani- 
mal or thing forfeited for 
having caused a person's 
death. 

deosculatorium : — a tablet handed 
round to be kissed at mass, 
a pax. 

departura : — a departure. 

depersonare : — to insult ; to de- 
grade. 

depictare : — to paint an image of. 

depositio : — the death of a saint, 
not a martyr. 

deprecula : — beads. 

derationare. See disrationare. 

derobare: — to rob, to plunder. 

desamparare : — to yield, to re- 
lease. 
descus : — a dais. 

desicut : — as. 

despitus : — a contemptible person. 

desponsalia : — a betrothal. 

destitutio : — deprival (of an 

office). 
destrarius. See dextrarius. 

desubitare: — to attack suddenly. 

detachiare : — to seize goods by 
attachment. 

de tallia : — retail. 

deter tare : — for deteriurare. 

detesticuhire : — to castrate. 

detius : — a die. 

detractari : — to be torn in pieces 
by horses. 

detunicare : — to discover. 

devadiatus : — without sureties. 

devadimonizare: — to redeem from 
pledge. 



230 



The Record Interpreter. 



deverium : — duty. 

devestire : — to give up possession. 

devillare: — to leave town. 

devisamentum : — a devise ; a de- 
vice. 

devisare : — to devise ; to be- 
queath. 

devisatio, devisum : — a devise. 

dextrale: — a bracer, a vambrace 
or wardbrace. (Fr. garde- 
bras.) 

dextrare : — to turn to the right ; 
to walk on the right of. 

dextranus : — a war horse, a 
charger. 

deya. See data. 

deyla. See daila. 

diaconatus : — the office of deacon. 

diaconus : — a deacon. 

diapretus. See diasperatus. 

diarium : — daily food. 

diasperatus :— of various colours ; 

diapered. 
diatim : — daily. 

dica : — a tally ; a deed ; foolish 
talking. 

diccus : — a dike. 

dicenarius. See decennarius. 

dicra: — a dicker, ten skins or 
pairs of gloves, ten bars of 
iron. 

dictator : — a person charged with 
the duty of considering and 
redressing infractions of a 
peace or truce ; an umpire. 

diclor : — an umpire. Seedictator. 

dieta: — a day's journey; an as- 
sembly; regimen; diet, i.e., 
the daily scrapings of metal 
in taking assays at Gold- 
smiths' Hall, which wore 
periodically melted up ; a 
daywork of land. 



diffacere: — to maim, to destroy. 

diffayium : — neglect. 

difficultas : — a tax. 

dijfidare : — to defy ; to renounce 
allegiance to ; to warn off. 

diffodere : — to dig up. 

difforciare : — to deforce. 

difusculus : — diffuse. 

digitate : — a thimble. 

digitare : — to point at. 

dignarium : — a dinner. 

dilatura: — an accusation [dela- 
tura). 

diligiatus : — outlawed. 

dvmidicare : — to halve. 

dimidietas : — a half, a moiety. 

dimissio : — demise, making over 
properties by lease or will. 

dimissoriee Uteres : — letters from 
a bishop for the ordination 
of a person in another 
diocese. 

dia>cesis : — a diocese. 

dirationare. See disrationare. 

diribare : — to take away. 

dirmatia:—iov A. S. deornett, a 
hunting net (?). 

disadvocare : — to deny, to dis- 
avow. 

disboscatio : — bringing woods 
into cultivation. 

discantus : — a chant. 

discare : — to make dishes. 

discarcare, discargare, discariare, 
discaricare, discarkare : — to 
unlade, to discharge. 

discifer : — a sewer ; a steward. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



231 



disclamare : 
claim. 



■to 



renounce 



a 



disclausus : — open. 

disconfortare : — to cause uneasi- 
ness to. 

discontinuare : — to cease attend- 
ance. 

discopulare : — to uncouple ; to 
let loose. 

discrasia : — a disease. 

discredencia : — unbelief, mis- 
belief. 

discrimen : — the parting of the 
hair. 

discus : — a dish ; a desk. 

disfacere : — to dismember, to 
mutilate. 

disforceare. See deforciare. 

disgerbigator : — a haymaker. 

disgradare : — to take away a 
man's rank. 

dishabilitare : — to disable. 

disheritor : — one who deprives 
another of his inheritance. 

diskippagium : — unshipping. 

disonerare : — to discharge. 

disparagare : — to disparage ; to 
marry to an inferior. 

disparagatio : — disparagement, 
marrying an heir or heiress 
below their degree. 

dispensa : — a warehouse. 

dispensarius, dispensator : — a 
steward. 

dispensatorium : — a steward's 
room. 

disper sonar e : — to insult; to de- 
grade. 

displicare : — to display. 



disportum : — amusement, sport. 

disratiociwire. See disrationare. 

disrationamentum : — deraign- 
ment ; proof. 

disrationare : — to prove ; to de- 
raign. 

disrobare, disrobbare : — to plun- 
der. 

dissaisina, disseisina : — an un- 
lawful dispossessing a man 
of his land ; disseisin. 

dissaisire, disseisire : — to dis- 
possess ; to disseise. 

dissaisitor, disseisitor : — a dis- 
seisor. 

dissignare : — to break open a 
seal. 

dissimulare : — torefuse; todelay. 

dissipare : — to disappear, to 
scatter themselves. 

distemper an tia : — dis* ase. 

disiigius : — a distych. 

distillare : — to drop ; to distil. 

distonatio : — discord. 

distreniatus : — rigorous. 

districts : — a strait ; a defile. 

districtio : — distress. 

districtus: — tax; fine; territory. 

dis trig /.are : — to stride. 

distringerc : — to distrain. 

distringibilis : — liable to distress. 

disturbancia. dsfnrbatio : — dis- 
turbance. 

disturbare :— to send away ; to 
disturb. 

disvadiare: — to receive or to re- 
deem a pledge. 



232 



The Record Interpreter. 



diurnalis : — as much land as can 
be ploughed in one day 
with one ox. 

diurnare : — to pass the time ; to 
remain ; to journey. 

divadiare. See disvadiare. 

dividenda : — a dividend. 

divisa : — a device ; a devise ; a 
boundary ; a dole. 

divisibilis murus : — a party wall. 

doageria : — a dowager. 

doarium. See dotarium. 

dobelettum : — a doublet. 

docillus : — a faucet. 

docittna, documa : — a tithing, 
error for decenna. 

dodarium. See dotarium. 

dola: — a portion, a dole; a 
faucet. 

dolare : — to distribute. 

dolea. See dola. 

doleum : — a tun (do Hum) ; also 
used for a hogshead. 

dol/inus : — the Dauphin. 

domanium. See dominicum. 

domesticus :- -of the same house 
(monaster}'). 

domicella, domicilii : — a young 
lady ; a servant ; a nun. 

domicellus : — the young son of a 
nobleman ; in the Roman 
Court, the same as came- 
rarius ; a servant in a mo- 
nastery. 

domifex : — a carpenter. 

domiyerium : — danger ; power. 

domina : — a lady ; a dame. 

dominutio : — a demesne. 



domina tus : — lordship. 

dominica : — Sunday. 

dominicipanni: — Sunday clothes. 

dominicum : — a demesne. 

dominions : — of a lord ; used on 
Sunday. 

dominicus panis : — bread used at 
the Mass. 

dominigerium. See domigerium. 

dominium : — lordship. 

dominus : — a title applied to a 
peer, to a lord of a manor, 
to a clergyman, and to a 
bachelor of arts. 

domnus, dompnus : — a contrac- 
tion of dominus, used espe- 
cially for clergymen. 

donatissia : — as a gift. 

donativum : — a benefice given by 
the patron without presen- 
tation or institution. 

donator, donatorius : — a donor. 

donatus : — a donee. 

doracus : — a john-dory (zeus 
faber). 

dormiens mensa : — a table dor- 
mant, a fixed table. 

dorrea : — a john-dory. 

dorsale, dossale : — a dorser, dor- 
sal, dossal, tapestry hung 
against a wall, especially a 
cloth hung above an altar ; 
a pack saddle. 

dorsamentum : — used for endor- 
samentum. 

dorsorium : — a dosser, a basket 
to carry on the back. See 
dorsale. 

dortorium : — a dormitory, dor- 
tour. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



233 



dos : — a dowry, sometimes dower. 

dosserium. See dorsorium. 

dotalicium : — dower. 

dotarium :— a dower, the portion 
of a widow or wife. 

dotata, dotissa :— a dowager. 

dracena : — a tiller. 

drayetum, dray turn : — drage, a 
coarse kind of corn. 

drag ma :— an ornament ; a gem. 

drana :— a drain, a watercourse. 

draparius : — a draper ; a stan- 
dard bearer. 

drappus : — cloth. 

draschium, drascium: — draff; 
malt ; grains. 

drathium : — draff. 

drava : — a drove. 

dray a : — a dray. 

drecca. See drana. 

drenyayium : — the tenure by 
which drenyi held. 

drenyus : — a drench, the name 
given to certain military 
tenants who were put out 
of their lands at the Con- 
quest and afterwards re- 
stored. 

dressorium : — a dresser ; a cup- 
board. 

dreva : — a thrave of corn, 12 or 
24 sheaves. 

drey a : — a dray. 

droitura : — right. 

dromo, dromunda : — adromound, 
a long, swift ship for passen- 
gers ; a warship, larger than 
a galley. 

drovia : — a drove 



droviare : — to drive cattle. 

drowa : — a drove. 

druygeria : — a druggist's shop. 

duaria : — jointure ; dowry. 

dubbare : — to dub, i.e., to beat 
cloth with teazles to raise 
the nap. 

dubbator : — a dubber. 

duca : — a mould ; a last. 

ducatus : — a dukedom ; a ducat^ 
first coined in the du^hy of 
Apulia ; a safe- conduct. 

ducillarius, ductillarius :— a tap- 
ster. 
aucUlus :— a stopple. 
ducissa : — a duchess. 
ductillus : — a tap. 
ductor cards \ — a lymehound. 
duellio : — a champion ; a duel. 

duellium, duellum : — trial by 
battle. 

dukketta : — a ducat. 

dumbula maris : — seaweed (?). 

duna : — a down, or hill. 

dunio : — a dungeon. 

dumiarium, dunum : — a down. 

duodena: — & dozen; a jury of 
twelve men. 

duplachium : - error for duploy- 
tum, a cloak (?). 

duplicatus : — lined. 

duploma'.— ?L document with a 
counterpart; a hasty jour- 
ney, two days' stages in one 
day {diploma). 

duribuccus : — a slow speaker. 
duritia : — duress. 



234 



The Record Interpreter. 



dux : — a duke. 

dyynarium, dyynerium .-—dinner. 

dytenum :— a ditty, or song. 



E. 



eabalus : — an alehouse (A. S- 
ealahus). 

ealhorda:— the right of assis- 
ing and selling ale and beer. 

eastintus : — the east coast, or the 

eastern side of a place. 
ebba : — ebb. 
ebdomada : — a week. 

ebdomndarius :— a canon of a 
cathedral church, appointed 
weekly to take charge of 
the choir ; a priest ap- 
pointed for weekly duty in 
a monastery. 

ebiculum : — the back of an edc-ed 
tool. b ' 

ebrietor: — a drunkard. 

ecclesia : —a church. 

edestium : — a building. 

edia: — help; ease; food. 

educamen :— a brood of chickens. 

ejf'orcialiter : — by force of arms ; 
forcibly ; in force. 

ejforciamentum : — distraint ; in- 
quisition. 

ejj'orciare :— to fine ; to distrain ; 
to compel ; to fortify ; to 
defend. 

effuyare :— to drive or hunt out. 

e.yeator :— the skipper of a ship. 

eia : — an island, an eyot. 



einescia, eilnecia. See esnccia. 
eisiamentum. See aisiamentum. 
ejectum : — jetsoni, wreck. 
ela : — an aisle. 

elary amentum : — liberation ; in- 
crease. 

elaryare:— to set free; to put 
off ; to increase. 

elaryatio : — liberation. 

elbidus, elbus :— russet. 

eleemosyna : — alms. 

eleemosynaria :--an act of dona- 
tion ; a place where alms 
are distributed; the office 
of almoner. 

eleemosy narius :— an almoner. 

elemosina libera, pur a, et per- 
petua : — frankalmoign. 

elemosinare:— to grant in alms, 
or in frankalmoign. 

elemosinarium :— an almonry; an 
almery, an aumbrey. 

elephantia : — leprosy. 

elonyare : — to remove to a dis- 
tance ; to eloign. 

eluvio :— a sewer. 

emarcidus : — withered. 

embasmna, embaxaria :— an em- 
bassy. 

embaxator :— an ambassador. 

embaxatura : — an embassy. 

emenda : — amends ; a fine. 

emendare :— to make amends ; to 
correct ; to restore. 

emendatio : — the power of correc- 
tion ; the right of assize ; a 
tine ; repair. 

emiyranea : — megrim, migraine. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



235 



emissarium : — a sluice. 

emissarius : — a stallion. 

emolare : — to grind tools. 

emologare : — to confirm. 

emphyteusis : — a lease in per- 
petuity or for a long term. 



emphyteuta, emphyteota : - 
holder of such a lease. 



the 



emprisa : — an enterprise. 

emprumptum : — a loan. 

emunitas : — for immanitas. 

enamelare : — to enamel. 

enarnatio : — flogging. 

encaustum : — ink. 

encrochiare : — to encroach. 

endorsamenlum : — an endorse- 
ment. 

endorsare : — to endorse. 

endroma : — rough cloth, falding. 

endurare : — to endure. 

eneryumenus : — possessed by an 
evil spirit. 

enfranchiatus : — enfranchised. 

enyleceria : — Englishry ; being 
an Englishman. 

enyleria. See enyleceria. 

enyrallatus : — ingrailed, with 
curved indentations (he- 
raldic). 

enyrossare. See inyrossare. 

enitia. See estiecia. 

enquesta : — an inquisition. 

ensaisinure : — to put in posses- 
sion ; to give seisin. 

enter -clausum : — a screen (?). 

entrare : — to enter ; to enter in a 
book. 



epicaliyce : — overshoes or boots. 

epimenium : — a monthly present, 

or expense. 
episcopalia : — synodals or other 

payments by the clergj' to 

the bishop. 

episcopate : — to make a bishop ; 
to act as a bishop. 

episcupalus : — a bishopric. 

episcopium :— a bishopric; a 

bishop's palace. 
episcopus : — a bishop. 

epistolare : — a service-book con- 
taining the episties. 
epitilium : — a birdbolt. 

rpitoyium : — a gown. 

equalens :— a corrupted form of 

equivalens. 
eques : — a knight. • 

equicium : — a ruler. 

equillus : — a hackney. 

equitarius : — on horseback ; horse, 
as applied to a carriage or 
plough, &c 

equitator : — a rider, a forest 
officer. 

equitatura : — a riding or bag- 
gage horse ; cavalry ; 
kuighthood. 

eqia tibia : — the hock of a horse. 

equitium : — a stud of horses. 

equivalentia : — equality. 

erameniarium : — a saltpan. 

eremita : — a hermit. 

eremitorium : — a hermitage. 

eremoditium : — a non-suit. 

erijilum : — brass wire. 

eriquia. See hericius. 

ermina : — ermine. 



236 



The Record Interpreter. 



ernasium. See harnesium. 

erodius : — a gerfalcon (falco 
islandicus). 

erpica : — a harrovy. 

erra: — a pledge (arrha). 

errarius cygnus : — a nesting 
swan (r). 

erraticum : — a waif or stray. 

erthmiotum : — a court held on the 
boundary of two lands 

erubiyinator : — a writer of ru- 
brics ; a painter in red. 

eruginator: — a furbisher. 

esbrancatura : — cutting off 
branches; lopping. 

escaere : — to escheat ; to claim as 
escheated. 

escaeta : — an escheat ; a fallen 
branch ; entrails. 

escaeta tio : — escheat. 

escaetaior, escaetor : — an eschea- 
tor. 

escaetna : — escheatorship. 

escaetus : — escheated. 

e seal dare : — to scald. 

escambiare : — to exchange. 

escambiator : — an exchanger, 
money changer. 

escambia, esc ambium : — ex- 
chauge ; a place for chang- 
ing money. 

escanyia, escanyium : — exchange. 

escantio : — a butler, a cup bearer. 

escapiare : — to escape from ar- 
rest. 

escapium : — escape ; a thing that 
comes by chance. 

cscaptara : — escape. 



escanus : — a carver. 
escarleta, escarletum : — scarlet. 
escarta. See scarta. 
escaudare : — to scald. 

escawardus : — applied to fish, 
"calvered" or ''scarved"(?) 

eaceppa : — a skep, a measure of 
corn, salt, fruit, &c. ; a 
straw or rush basket. 

eschaeta. See escaeta. 

eschaetor. See escaetatur. 

eschambia, eschambium : — ex- 
change. 

escheccum : — a jury, or inquisi- 
tion ; a check. 

escheppa. See esceppa. 

escheweita : — sentinel service 
done by folk of Bordeaux. 
(Fr. eschauyuette.) 

eschina : — a chine. 

eschippare: — to equip; to embark. 

esclavus : — a slave. 

esclenka : — a leg of mutton or 
beef. (Fr. esclanche.) 

esclusa : — a dam or sluice. 

esclusayium : — payment for per- 
mission to make a sluice. 

escomarius : — a boatman ; a 
pirate. 

escruatio : — cleaning (ditches). 

escuaqium. See scutayium. 

escuilliare : — to castrate. 

escurare : — to scour ; to cleanse. 

esyardia, esyardum : — a reward ; 
an award. 

esyardiator : — an arbiter. 
esyardium : — an award. 
esiamentum : — easement. 
eskaere, &c. See escaere. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



237 



esketor : — a robber. 

eskiper, gen. eskipri : — the skip- 
per of a ship. 

eskippa. See esceppa. 

eskippare : — to equip. 

eskirmire : — to fence. 

esmaelitus : — enamelled. 

esnamiare : — to distrain. 

esnecca : — a ship. 

esnecia, esnaccha, esnechia : — 
primogeniture ; the limited 
right of primogeniture of 
the eldest coparcener. 

espaltare, espeltare. See expedi- 
lare. 

esperdum : — an axe (0. E. 
sparthe). 

esperiolus : — a squirrel. 

esperkeria : — a duty on dried fish 
in the Channel Islands, con- 
sisting of a right of pre- 
emption of congers ; 2d. 
Tournois on every 100 
mackerel; 2 sols Tournois 
on every bushel of fish ; and 
2c?. on every salt conger ex- 
ported to Normandy or else- 
where, not in the kingdom 
of England. 

espervarius* esperverius : — a spar- 
row-hawk {accipiter fringil- 
larius). 

espicurnantia : — the office of 
spigurnel. 

espleta. See expletice. 

espletiamenta. See expletice. 

essaetor : — an assay er. 

essaia : — say, sometimes means 
fine woollen cloth (serge), 
sometimes silk. (Fr. sole.) 



essarta, essartum. See assartum. 

essonia : — essoin, excuse for non- 
appearance at a court baron, 
&c. 

essoniare : — to give an excuse ; 
to essoin. 

essoniator : — an essoiner. 

essonium. See essonia. 

establiamentum : — a settlement. 

estallagium. See stallagium. 

esUdlamentum : — a mortgage ; 
pawning; au instalment. 

est a 11 are : — to mortgage ; to 

pawn. 
estanynum :— a pond (stagnum) ; 

a bank or stank ; a measure 

of land less than an acre. 
ester lingus : — an Easterling ; 

sterling. 
estermannus : — a pilot. 
estintus. See eastintus. 

estoverium : — estovers, allowance 
of wood for repairs, or of 
necessary food and clothes ; 
stover, provender. 

estreciare : — to make narrow ; to 
straiten 

estrepamentum, estrepinamen- 
tum: — estrepement, injury 
done to lands by a tenant 
for life. 

estresius : — an Easterling. 

estuffamentum : — stuff ; material. 

oturare. See escurare. 

esturus. See austur. 

esuniare : — to essoin. 

esuniator : — an essoiner. 

eucharistia : — the sacrament; the 
consecrated bread; a cibo- 
rium. 



238 



The Record Interpreter, 



evaginare : — to unsheath. 

evangelare : —a servic -book con- 
taining the gospels. 

evangelizare : — to preach the 
gospel. 

eventio : —profits (of a church). 

evitaneus : — eternal. 

ewagium : — toll paid for water 
passage. 

ewanglia : — the gospels. 

exactor : — a collector ; a sheriff ; 
a beadle. 

exallar :--an axletree (?). 

examitum: — samite, a silk stuff, 
sometimes interwoven with 
silver or gold ; also used 
for an amice. 

exartum. See assartum. 

exbannire: — to banish. 

exbrancatura : — outer branches. 

excacta, excaeta : — an escheat. 

excaldare: — to scald. 

excambia : — exchange. 

excambiare : — to exchange. 

excambiator : — an exchanger; a 
broker. 

excambium : — an exchange. 
excarletum : — scarlet. 
excaturizare : — to scald. 
excaudare : — to scald. 
excayare : — to escheat. 
excluaa. See esclusa. 
exclusayium. See esclusagium. 

excrustare : — to remove the crust 

of ; to spoil. 
excudia : — a swinglestock, a 

wooden instrument used in 

beating flax. 



excurtare, excurtiare :— to dock 
the tail of a horse or dog. 

excusatorius : — containing or 
giving an excuse. 

excussio : — driving out ; some- 
times used for rescue; 
thrashing corn. 

excussorium. See excudia. 

exelerarius : — a cup bearer. 

exemplificare : — to copy. 

exempnium, exennium : — a pre- 
sent ; a new year's gift. 
exercituale : — a heriot. 
exfrediare :— to break the peace. 

exhibere:— to provide food and 
lodging for, to entertain. 

exhibitio : — entertainment ; pro- 
vision. 

exigenda : — a writ of exigent. 

exigendarius :— an exigenter, an 
officer of the Court of Com- 
mon Pleas. 

exigendis, in : — in exigent. 

exilium : —waste, ruin. 

eximperatrix : — late empress. 

exire : — to issue. 

exitus :— issue, in all senses, 
family, result, expenditure • 
entrails. 

exkippare, exhiupare :— to equip; 
to embark. 

exlegalitus :— outlawed. 

exlegare : — to outlaw. 

exonium. See essonia. 

exorcista :— an exorcist, a benett, 
one of the lesser orders of 
the church. 

exordinare : — to degrade. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



239 



expedatus, expedicatus : — having 
the feet cut off ; hambled, 
lawed. 

expediencia :— management. 

expeditamentum : — hambling. 

expeditare :— to harnble, hainel 
or law a dog, i.e., to cut 
out the ball of the foot or 
three claws ; to root up 
trees. 

expeditio : — the obligation of 
accompanying the lord to 
war. 

expedores : — outriders. 

expeltare. See expeditare. 

expenditus : — spent. 

expensabih vinum: — wine usually 

served. 
experquaria. See esperkeria. 

explacitare :— to plead success- 
fully. 

expJetice : — esplees ; rents ; pro- 
fits. 

explicit : — it is finished or ended. 

expressatum : — expressed. 

exprexum: — for expressum. 

expulsare : — to expel. 

expuhatio : — expulsion. 

exsartum. See assartum. 

exscahetor : — an escheat or. 

extendere: — to value lands. 

extensor : — a valuer. 

extenta : — extent ; valuation. 

extermino : — to bring without 
the boundaries. 

extimare : — for cestimare. 

extocare : — to grub up. 

extolneare : — to free from toll. 



extrabarrista : — an utterbarrister. 

extracta, extractum: — an estreat, 
a true extract or copy. 

extratmra : — a stray. 

extraneus : — a foreigner, i.e., not 
a citizen. 

extravayantes : — certain papal 
constitutions, not included 
in Gratian or the Decretals. 

extumce : — relics. 

exulatus: — an exile. 

exuperare : — for exsuperare. 

ey stamen turn. See aisiamentum. 



F. 

faber : — a smith. 

fabrica : — a smithy. 

facescia : — used for facetia. 

facittryium: — afacewipe, a towel. 

factum : — a deed, a document. 

fayatum : — a faggot. 

fayinum : — beech mast. 

fayottum : — a faggot. 

faida : — feud, enmity. 

faidinus, faiditus : — an enemy, 
an exile, a banished man. 

fala : — "a somer castel," a 
wooden tower used at sieges 
and on board ships ; a scaf- 
fold. 

falanya. Seefalinya. 

falcabilis : — fit to mow. 

falcare : — to mow. 

falcatura : — a day*s work at 
mowing. 

falcidium : — a swathe. 



240 



The Record Interpreter. 



falco : — a falcon. 

falcona : — a fak-on ; a small can- 
non, 2£ inch bore. 

falconaria : — the service of sup- 
plying falcons. 

falda : — a fold. 

faldce cuSsus : — a sheep walk. 

faldagium : — faldage, the right 
to set up folds. 

faldicium : — a fold; f old age, fold - 
penny ; payment for folding 
sheep, or for leave to set up 
a fold. 

faldistorium : — an arm-chair ; 
esp. a bishop's throne. 

faldum : — a fold. 

falera : — trappings ( phalera). 

falerarius : — a sumpter horse. 

falerator : — a sumpter man. 

falescere : — to cease ; to fail. 

falesia : — a rock, a cliff. 

falinga : — a cloak or jacket, used 
in Ireland (falding ?). 

/alia, fallum : — a measure of 
land ; tin ; a fault. 

fa litre : — to fail. 

falmotum : — a folkmote. 

falsare : — to deceive ; to falsify ; 
to forge. 

falsarius, falsonarius : — a forger. 

falsator : — a forger. 

falsitas : — forgery. 

falsitia : — treachery. 

falsonaria, falsoneria : — forgerj T ; 
making false coin. 

falsonarius : — a maker of false 
coin. 

famen : — a speech. 



fa m ilia : — a set of chess or 
draughts men. 

fanatio : —the fawning season in 
forests. 

fancielus : — some kind of tenant. 

fanula : — a fanon, a maniple. 

farcinula : — a package, a parcel. 

fardella, fardellum : — a fardel, 
the quarter, or eighth of a 
yard land. 

fardellarius : — the holder of a 

fardel. 
fardellus '. — a bundle; a fardel ; 

the holder of a fardel. 

farinagium : — toll of meal or 
flour. 

farricapsium : — the hopper of a 
mill ; a bin. 

farsatura : — stuffiug. 

farundella : — a quarter of an 
acre. 

fascennia, fascina : — a bastile, a 
wooden fort used in be- 
sieging a town. 

fasianus : — a pheasant. 

fassus : — a faggot. 

fausetum : —treble ; a faucet. 

faverca : — a forge. 

febrimatio : — ploughing or dig- 
ging up land. 

feida : — a feud. 

feira : — a fair. 

feissa : — a strip or stripe (?). 

felagus : — faithful; a companion. 

felo : — a felon. 

felonia : — felony. 

felonio.e : — feloniously. 

felparia, feltrum : — felt. 

femoralia : — drawers, breeches ; 
cuisses. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



241 



fenestra : — a window. 

fenestreola : — a small window. 

fengera : — fern. 

fennatio. Seefeonatio. 

fenissa : — a haymaker. 

femur a : — a fence. 

fenticius. Seefinticius. 

feodalis, feudalis : — feudal ; a 
vassal. 

feoda litas, feodiUi s : — fealty . 

feodamentum : — feoffment. 

feodare : — to enfeoff. 

feodarius, feoda tarius : — a feo- 
dary, an officer of the court 
of wards ; a feudal tenant 
by service. 

feodelitas : — fealty, which is cor- 
rectly fide lit as. 

feodi fir ma : — fee farm. 

feoditas : — fealty. 

feodum : — a fee ; a fief. 

feodum talliatum : — fee tail. 

feoffamentum : — a feoffment, 
grant of tenements, &c. in 
fee. 

feoff are : — to enfeoff, to grant in 
fee. 

feoffator : — a feoffor. 

feoffatus : — a feoffee. 

feonatio : — the fawning season, 
fence month, a fortnight 
before and a fortnight after 
Midsummer. 

feoragium : — straw. 

fera : — a wild beast, used espe- 
cially for deer. 

feragium : — forage. 

ferandus. See ferrandus . 

M. 



ferculum :— a dish; a mess; a 
litter. 

ferdella,ferdellum. Seefardella. 

ferecia : — a quilt. 

feretriarius : — a man in charge 
of a bier or shrine. 

feria: — a fair; a day of the 
week ; a ferry. 

Feria prima : — Sunday. 

Feria secunda : — Monday, and so 

on. 
feriagium : — payment for ferry- 
ing. 

ferialis. See/eriatus. 

feriatio : — a holiday. 

feriatus dies : — a feast day, 
saint's day, holiday. 

ferinee carries : — venison. 

feritorium : — a swingle; a beetle. 

ferlingata,ferlingus: — four acres ; 
a quarter of a yard land. 

ferlingellus : — a measure of corn. 

ferlingus : — a farthing. 

fermina : — custody. 

fermisona : — the winter season 
for killing does. 

fernere : — to empty. 

fernigo : — waste land, covered 
with fern. 

ferragia : — pasture, land where 
forage is grown. 

ferramentum : — an iron tool or 
instrument ; a horseshoe ; a 
ploughshare ; a tire ; irons 
for a prisoner. 

ferrandus, f err antus : — iron grey. 

ferrare : — to shoe a horse ; to put 
an iron tire on a wheel. 

ferrarius, ferrator : — a smith. 



242 



The Record Interpreter. 



ferratura : — ironwork ; esp. 
horseshoeing. 

ferrifodina : — an iron mine. 

ferrijilum : — iron wire. 

ferripodium : — a patten. 

ferro, ferronarius : — an iron- 
monger or ironworker. 

ferrura : — a blacksmith's trade ; 
a wheel tire. 

ferthendellum : — a quarter of an 
acre. 

fesana, fesans, Jesantis, fesan- 
tus : — a pheasant. 

fessum, fessus : — a truss. 

festinancia : — haste. 

festrum : — a roof -tree. 

feto cervi : — a fawn. 

feudalis. Seefeodalis. 

feudum, &c. See feodum, &c. 

feugera : — fern. 

feutrum : — felt. 

fico : — a boat. 

fidelitas : — fealty. 

filacia lana : — woollen yarn. 

filacium : — a file, for documents. 

flare : — to file. 

Jilarium : — a steel, a hone. 

filatrix : — a spinster. 

filatum : — a net ; thread. 

flazarius : — a filacer, an officer 
of the Common Pleas who 
files writs. 

filetum. See jilatum. 

Jiliaster : — a son-in-law, stepson, 
nephew, sister's son. 

Jiliastra : — similar feminine rela- 
tives, 



Jiliatio : — sonship, subjection, 
obedience ; used chiefly of 
monastic houses. 

Jilicetum : — ferny ground. 

Jiliolus : — godson. 

Jiltrum : — felt ; a mattrass. 

Jiltum : — error for jiltrum (?). 

Jilum : — a fillet in architecture. 

Jilum aquce : — the middle of a 
river. 

fima : — dung, manure. 

Jimare, Jimere : — to manure. 

fimarium : — a manure heap. 

fimarius : — a scavenger. 

Jinancia : — ransom ; fine. 

Jinare : — to pay ; to exact ; to 
refine. 

fnire : — to pay a fine ; to exact 
a fine. 

finis : — a fine ; a final concord . 

finticius : — of trees, split or fit 
for splitting. 

fiola y fiolum : — a beaker ; a phial 
(phial a) ; a cruet. 

firgia : — a fetter. 

firma : — a farm ; rent. 

firmaculum : — a buckle. 0. E. 
feimayle. 

fir mare : — to fortify ; to seal or 
sign ; to give security ; to 
grant a farm ; to rent a 
farm. 

firmarium : — a corruption of 
infirmarium, an infirmary. 
0. E. " a fermarie." 

firmarius : — a farmer. 

firmatio : — doe season ; provi- 
sions. 

firmitas : — fortification. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



243 



Jirmura : — a lock ; the right of 

closing. 
fisantum : — a pheasant. 

Jistuca : — a fishing rod. 

fistulator : — a piper. 

flxula : — a buckle ; a button. 

flabellum : — a vane. 

flaccum : — an arrow. 

flaco : — a marsh ; a flagon ; a 
cake. Seeflato. 

flagellum : — a flail ; a door-bar. 

flaketta : — a flask. 

flameola : — a garment, usually of 
silk. 

flameum : — a kerchief. 

flamicia : — flawn, custard. 

flao. Seeflato. 

flare dolia : — to hoop (?) casks. 

flasca : — a flask. 

flato, flauto : — a cake, a custard. 

flrcharia :-- service of supplying 
arrows. 

flecharius, fltcherius : — a fletcher. 

flechia : — an arrow. 

flechiare : — to make arrows. 

flecta : — an arrow ; a hurdle. 

fleebotimacio : — bleeding. 

fleta : — an arm of the sea. 

flexarius : — a fletcher. 

flocci:— flock, refuse wool. 

floccus. Seefrocca. 

floratus : — embroidered with 
flowers ; scented. 

florenus : — a florin, a gold coin, 
first coined at Florence, 
1252. 

flota, flotta : — a fleet ; a raft. 



fuayium : — a rent paid in the 
Channel Islands. Seefoca- 
ffium. 

focagium: — focage or housebote ; 
hearth-tax. 

focale, focalia : — fuel ; the right 
of taking fuel. 

focaria : — a housekeeper. 

focarius : — a fireman ; a stoker. 

fodera : — a f other (of lead), 1,950 
lbs. or 2,000 lbs. ; 20 cwt. 
(E. C. P. 59; 215). 

foderaticum : — fodder. 
fodertorium, foderum, fodrum : — 

fodder. 
foenatio. Seefeonatio. 
foesa : — grass. 
fogagium : — fog, rank grass. 

folgare : — to follow ; to enter into 
service ; to serve. 

folgarius : — a follower ; a ser- 
vant. 

follus : — a fool. 

fongia : — stockfish. 

foo : — a fawn. 

foracra : — a foracre, the head- 
land of an arable field. 

foragium : — straw; forage ; the 
right of exacting it or obli- 
gation to provide it. 

foraneus : — foreign. 

f ovarium : — the office of har- 
binger. 

foratus : — of fur. 

forbannitus : — a banished man. 

forbare : — to clean, to furbish. 

forbarrare : — to bar or deprive. 

forbator : — a f urbisher. 

r2 



244 



The Record Interpreter. 



forbatudus : — a person killed in 

self-defence. 
forbire. Beeforbare. 

forcelectum : — a fortress. 

forceria, forcerium : — a casket ; a 
strongbox, often of leather. 

forcescettum : — a fortress. 

forcia : — power, force, usually 
unjust ; forcible exaction. 

forciare : — to fortify. 

fordellus : — a measure of land 
larger than far della. 

forefacere. Seeforisfacere. 

forejudicatio : — a forejudger. 

forellus : — a sheath ; a corporas 
case. 

forenna: — the outskirts or sub- 
urbs of a town. 

forensis : — foreign. 

forera, foreria : — a headland; a 

furrow (?) 
foresta : — a forest. 

forestagium : — a duty paid to the 
king's foresters. 

forestallagium.forestallamentum: 
— obstructing the highway ; 
forestalling. 

fores tallare : — to forestall ; to 

waylay. 
forestallator : —a forestalled 

forestallum : — a crime committed 
on the highway. 

forestare : — to afforest. 

forestaria : — the office of forester ; 
f orestership ; forestry. 

forestarius : — a forester. 

foreta : — a headland. 

forgia :— a forge ; forage. 

forhelna : — concealment. 



forhurtha. Seeforuhtha. 

foriare : — to forage. 

foricus : — furred. 

forigo : — list. 

forinsecus : — outside ; foreign. 

forisbannire : — to outlaw. 

forisburgum : — suburbs. 

forisfacere : — to do amiss ; to for- 
feit ; also used actively, to 
exact a forfeit from. 

forisfactum : — transgression ; 

forfeiture. 
forisfactura : — forfeiture. 

forisfamiliate : — to remove from 
the family ; to give a son 
his portion on his leaving 
home ; to emancipate. 

forisjudicare : — to pronounce for- 
feited ; to outlaw. 
forisjurare : — to abjure. 

foristallarium f foristeaUum,foris- 

talria : — forestalment. 

forjudicare. See forisjudicare. 

forlandum : — land at the ex- 
tremity of an estate ; a 
promontory. 

forlangum. Seefurlangus. 

forma : — a form, a bench ; a 
copy ; a drain. 

formannus : —a foreman ; a head- 
man. 

formaticum : — cheese. 

formela : — a formaylle, a female 
hawk. 

formella: — a shoemaker's last ; a 

weight of about 70 lbs. 
formelus : — trained, of a hawk. 
formipedia: — a shoemaker's last. 
formula : — a little bench. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



245 



fornagium: — payment by tenants 
bound to bake in the lord's 
oven, or for the right to use 
their own ; a baker's profit ; 
hearth- money ; fuel. 

fornire : — to heat. 

forpices : — shears. 

forprisum : — an exception. 

forrare, forrari : — to forage. 

forrerius : — a harbinger. 

forsefacere : — to forfeit. 

for stall are, Sec See forestallare, 

Sfc. 

forsula : — a fortress. 

fortalicium, Jbrtallisstum: — a 
fortress, a castle. 

fortelecium y fortellescum. See 
furtalicium. 

fortericia : — a fortress. 

fortia : — power. Seeforvia. 

fortiare : — to force ; to fortify. 

fortificare : — to fortify. 

fortilagium : — a fortress. 

fortitudo : — force ; an army. 

for tuna : — treasure trove. 

fortunare : — to happen. 

fortunium : — a tournament. 

foruhtha : — a measure of land. 

forulus : — a bin ; a sheath. 

forum : — often means " price." 

forura : — fur. 

forurda : — a measure of land. 

for us : — right or custom. 

fossa : — a mound, a dike, as well 
as a ditch. 

fossagium : — contribution for 
making ditches. 



fossare : — to ditch. 

fossatum : — a place surrounded 
by a ditch; a ditch ; a dike ; 
a mound. 

fossatura : — fortification by 
ditches. 

fossiculus : — a basket (?) ; a 
fostle, i.e. a stake used in 
making a fold. 

fossorium : — a mould. 

fossus : — a ditch. 

futmellum : — a measure of lead ; 
a fother (?). 

fotor: — a lapdog, "a comforter." 

founinare: — to bring forth young 

(of deer). 

founinus : —of a fawn. 

foufium : — a fawn. 

fousura: — work done byamason; 
digging foundations (?). 

fovea : — a burial-place. 

foveator : — a gravedigger. 

fractillosus : — dagged, jagged (of 
clothes). 

fractiUum : — a pepper mill. 

fractillus : — a dag, jag. 

fractitium : — arable land. 

fraellum, frahellum : — a frail; a 
basket ; a weight of raisins, 
70 lbs. 

fraeria : — a fraternity ; a brother- 
hood. 

fraginellus : — a cracknel. 

fagus : — the wrist or other joint. 

fraiUum. See/raellum. 

framatura : — making a frame ; 
framework. 

franca pelra : — freestone. 



246 



The Record Interpreter. 



fr anchor dun : — freebord, land 
claimed outside a fence. 

franchesiu : — freedom ; fran- 
chise. 

franchiJanus : — a freeman. 

franchire, franchisare : — to en- 
franchise. 

franchise, : — a franchise. 

franciyena : — a foreigner. 

fruncipleyium : — frankpledge. 

francolanus, francolensis : — a 
franklin. 

fr uncus : — free. 

franyibulum : — a kneading 
trough. 

fraria : — a fraternity ; a brother- 
hood. 

frassetum : — an ashwood (fruxi- 
netum). 

f rater : — a friar. 

fratriayium : — a younger bro- 
ther's inheritance. 

J recta, J rectum : — coarse cloth, as 
used for horse cloths, 
frieze (?) ; embroidery, usu. 
with metal ; a fret ; fret- 
work. 

frectayium : — freight. 

free tutus : — frettee (heraldic). 

f rectum : — freight. See J recta. 

fredum : — a composition paid by 
a criminal. 

frescus : — fresh. 

fressenciu porct : — a flitch (?). 

fretare, fret tare : — to load ; to 
freight ; to ornament with 
fretwork. 

fretinum : — a silver coin (Fr. 
fretin, fretott). 



fretta. Seefrectu. 

frettum : — freight. Seefrectu. 

f return : — freight. 

fridehuryum : — frithburgh, the 
same as frankpledge. 

friacu forcia : — fresh force, i.e., 
newly done. 

friscus : — fresh ; also unculti- 
vated ground. 

frisium : — frieze. 

frithbreyium : — breach of the 
peace. 

fritum : — fry of fish. 

frixuru : — a fried dish ; a pan- 
cake. 

froccu, froccus, froyyus : — a 
frock ; that worn by monks 
was a long garment with 
long, wide sleeves. 

fronciatus : — wrinkled. 

frontule: — a frontal, a cloth hung 
above an altar. 

fronteUum : — a frontal. 

frontinellu : — moulding, in gold- 
smith's work ; the ball of 
the throat. 

frontispicium : — a gable end. 

frontuosus (frontosus) : — shame- 
less. 

fructuarius : — a fruiterer ; a re- 
ceiver of rent. 

fruissire. Seefrussare. 

f runes, frunio : — a tanner. 

frunire : — to tan. 

frusca : — waste lands. 

frussare : — to break up land. 

frussatum : — land newly broken 

up. 
frusshiare. Seefnissare. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



247 



frussire. Seefrussare. 

frussura : — breaking into a 
house ; ploughing. 

frustrum, frustum : — a piece ; a 
small plot of land. 

frutectum : — a shrubbery; a herb 
garden. 

fuagium : — hearth-tax. 

fuallia : — fuel. 

fug a : — a drove ; a chase ; hunt- 
ing ; the right to drive 
cattle on to a place. 

fugacia : — a chase ; right of 
hunting. 

fugare : — to hunt ; to drive. 

fugarius : — a hunter (horse) ; a 
drover. 

fugatio : — a chase. 

fug a tor :- — a hunter (horse) ; a 
driver ; a drover. 

fugatoriwi : — a hunter (horse). 

fug era : — fern. 

fugillus : — a poker. 

fulcrari : — to make a bed on a 
bedstead. 

fulcrum : — a leg of a bedstead ; 
a bedstead. 

fuleratium, molendinum : — a 
fulling mill. 

fullare,fullire t fuUonare: — to full 
cloth. 

fullaticum. See fuleratium. 

fullum aqua: : — a stream of water. 

fulreticum : — a fulling mill. 

f ultra : — a cushion. 

fultrum. See fulcrum. 

fumagium : — manure ; chimney- 
money. 

fumarium : — a chimney.. 



functorium : — a foundry. 

funditor : — a founder ; a pioneer. 

fundum : — ground. 

funerius : — a ropemaker. 

fungia : — stockfish. 

funifex : — a roper. 

funlura : — founding, casting 
(metal). 

fur are : — to steal. 

furatio : — theft. 

furbire : — to furbish. 

fur care : — to pitch corn or hay 
with a fork ; to fourch, to 
delay a suit brought against 
two persons jointly, by alter- 
nate appearance or essoin. 

furectare : — to ferret. 

furfuraculum :— a sieve. 

furigeldum : — a Hue for theft. 

furlangus,furlonyus: — the eighth 
of a mile ; the eighth of an 
acre. 

furmelum. Seeformella. 

fumagium. See for nag ium. 

furnarius : — a baker. 

furnesium : — a furnace. 

furniare : — to bake. 

fumire: — to heat up an 6ven or 
furnace. 

fumus : — a bakehouse. 

furra : — fur. 

furragium. See foragium. 

fur rare : — to line with fur. 

fur ratio : — furring. 

furratura : — furring, work done 
in fur. 

furratua :— furred. 



248 



The Record Interpreter. 



furreUus : — a sword sheath ; a 
bow case. 

furrura, fururia : — fur. 

furulus. See furreUus. 

fuscamen : — fustian. 

fusillatim : — fusilly. 

fusillus : — a fusil (heraldic). 

fusor : — a founder, a caster, a 
melter ; a f usour, an officer 
in the Exchequer. 

fusoria : — the office of f usour. 

fustarius : — a joiner. 

fustianum : — fustian. 

/us turn : — a beam, a log, a 
stump. 

fusus : — a spindle ; a fusil 
(heraldic). 

G. 

yabella : — rent ; service. 

yabelhis : — a gable. 

yablayium : — the same as yabella. 

yablare : — to pay rent. 

y ablator : — a rent payer ; a 
farmer. 

yablum : — a cross. See also 
yabella. 

yabulayium. See yabella. 

yabulum : — a gable ; rent ; in- 
terest. See yabella. 

yabulus. See yabella. 

yaehum : — an oar or scull ; a 
staple ; a cake. 

yafra : — a wafer. 

yafrarius : — a waferer. 

yayeria : —a promise, an engage- 
ment, a pledge. 



yaynayium, yaiynayium, yaina- 
yium : — gain, profit. 

yaila : — a gaol, a prison. 

yaineria : — a tilled field ; a crop. 

yaiola. See yaila. 

yaivelettum. See yaveletum. 

yalathia : — pickle for preserving 
fish. 

yalea, yalia : — a galley. 

yalearia : — a gallery. 

yaleasia : — a galliasse, a large 
galley. 

yaleo : — a galleon. 

yaleta, yaletum : — a gallon ; 
shingle. 

yalida : — a galley, a low flat- 
built ship with both sails 
and oars. 

yalio : — a galleon, a large 
Spanish sailing ship, with 
three or four decks. 

yaliota, yaliotus : — a galliot, a 
small galley ; a master of, 
or man serving on a galley. 

yalirum : — something used by 
a silk weaver. 

yaila : — a shoemaker's last. 

yallecta : — collection of dues. 

y all tare : — a mitre. 

yallicantus : — cockcrow. 

yallicidium : — Shrovetide. 

yallinaceus : — a capon. 

yalliottus. See yaliota. 

yallivolatium : — a cock-glade, a 
glade along which wood- 
cocks fly in the morning and 
evening ; a cockshoot, a net 
set for them in such places. 

yallo, yallona, yalo, yalona, 
yalum : — a gallon. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



249 



yalya : — a galley. 

yamarus : — a stickleback (gas- 
terosteus trachurus). 

gamberia : — armour for the legs. 
Fr. grevieres. 

gambeso, gambesum : — a gambe- 
son or haqueton, a quilted 
jacket worn under the ar- 
mour. 

gambria. See gamberia. 

ganagium. See gagnaginm. 

ganea : — a dart or arrow. 

ganerium : — gainery, profit aris- 
ing from tillage. 

gannatura : — yelping, derision. 

gannocare cerevisiam : — to jockey 
beer. 

gansellium : — a gosling. 

ganta, ganteletus : — a gauntlet. 

gaola : — a prison, a gaol. 

gaolagium : — prison dues. 

gaolarius : — a gaoler. 

gar a terrce : — a gare or gore, a 
wedge-shaped corner of a 
field left after ploughing a 
number of strips. 

garancia : — madder. 
garandisare : — to warrant. 
garantum : — warrant. 

garba : — a sheaf ; a sheaf of 

arrows was 24. 

garbana : — a granary. 

garbelagium : — garbelage, the 
office of garbler ; the refuse 
removed by garbling. 

garbellare : — to garble, to pick 
out the refuse. 



garbellator : — a garbler, who 
visited shops, &c. to ex- 
amine the purity of spices 
sold. 

garcifer. See garcio. 

garcio : — a boy ; a groom. 

garciolus : — a diminutive of 
garcio. 

garda : — a ward of a town ; 
wardship. See ivarda. 

gardaroba, garderoba :—a ward- 
robe. 

garderobarius : — a wardrobe- 
keeper. 

gardia : — ward. 

gardiana : — the office of warden. 

gardianus : - — a guardian ; a 
warden. 

gardiare : — to guard, to protect. 

gardiator : — a guardian, a 

warden. 
gardinarius : — a gardener. 

gardinum : — a garden. 

gardropia : — a wardrobe. 

gardum : — a garth. 

garenna : — a warren. See 
warenna. 

gar gar are : — to brag. 

gargata : — the throat. 

garilatrix : — a scold. 

gariso : — protection ; provision, 
living ; healing. 

garita : — a watch tower. 

garhinda : — a chaplet ; a garland, 
sometimes of gold or silver. 

garnamentam : — a garment. 

games turn : — victuals, arms, &c, 
necessary for a garrison ; a 
garrison. 



250 



The Record Interpreter. 



garnism — protection; a garrison 

gamizare : — to adorn ; to gar- 
nish. 

garra. See gara. 

garrettum : — a garret. 

garrita : — a watch tower. 

garrolum, garrulium : — a barrier. 

garter him :— a garter. 

gastaldus : — a governor of a town 
or province. 

gastella : — wastel bread, fine 
white bread. 

gas turn : — waste. 

gata : — a bowl. 

gatgeria : — a parcel. 

gaurla, gaudo : — woad. 

gaugeare : — to gauge. 

gaugetum : — gauging, a gauge. 

gaugiator: — a gauger. 

gaveletum :— gavelet, a writ of 
cessavit, used where gavel- 
kind obtains. 

gavelmannus :— a tenant liable to 
tribute. 

gavel ocus : — a javelin 

gayra. See gara. 

geburus : — a villager, a peasant. 

geldabilis : — liable to pay tax. 

geldabulum : — land liable to pay- 
ment of geldum. 

geldare : — to enforce or to pay a 
geldum. 

geldatio : — payment of a geldum. 

geldum, geldus : —tax ; compensa- 
tion ; fine. 
gelima : - a sheaf. 

gelojfium :— a gillyflower. 
gel turn. See geldum. 



gemala : — a hinge. 
gemellus :— a clasp with similar 
ends, or double brooch. 
0. E. gemewe. 
gemotum : — an assembly. 
yenealis : — native. 

generale : — the commons of a 
monk. 

generosa :— a gentlewoman. 
generosus : — a gentleman. 

geneta :— a genet, a beast of the 
weasel tribe, used for fur 
{genetta vulgaris). 

genimen : — an offshoot. 

genoboda : — a moustache. 

gens : — often used for an army. 

genuscissio : — hocking or ham- 
bling dogs by cutting the 
sinew of the hind leg. 

geola, Sfc. See gaola, Sfe. 

gerarchia : — used for hierarchia. 

gerca, gercia, gercis : — a ewe 
lamb. 

gerentarius :— an officer in a con- 
vent, probably a friary, who 
was not compelled to reside 
therein (granalarius ?). 

gerlanda : — a garland. 

gernarium : — a granary. 

gersa : — starch. 

gersuma : — a fiue ; a reward ; an 
earnest. 0. E. "gryssunie." 
gerulus : — a packhorse. 
gerusa : — a goad. 
gesa :— a gisarme. See gisarma. 
yesta :— (pi.) deeds; a history. 
gesta, gestum : — yeast ; food. 

gestrum : — a jesterne or jestorno, 
a sleeveless jacket of scale 
armour. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



251 



getti : — a hawk's jesses. 

yetticium : — a jetty. 

gewineda : — an assembly. 

ghestum: — food; a meal given 
to a guest. See yistum. 

gialda, gyalda : — a guildhall. • 
gifra : — cypher. 

gifta : — a stream ; sometimes 
used for gista. 

gig a : — a cittern. 

gignasium, i.e., gymnasium. 

gihalda : — a guildhall. 

gild a : — a fraternity, a guild. 

gilda aula : — a guildhall. 

gildare. See geldzre. 

gildatio. See geldatio. 

gildaula, gildeaula, gildhalla : — 
a guildhall. 

gildhalla Teutonicorum : — the 
Steelyard, or company of 
Easter ling merchants. 

gil/alco : — a gerfalcon (falco 

Islandicus). 
gilla, gillus : — a mug. 
gillagium : — tax paid on wine 

sold by retail. 
gilofera : — clove or gillyflower. 
gimphus. See yumfus. 
gingibrattum : — ginger. 
gipo : — a doublet (pourpoint). 
gipsura : — pargeting. 
girgillare : — to wind up. 
girgillus : — a reel with a handle 

for winding thread. 
girivagus :— wandering. 
giro : — an apron, a skirt. 



gisarma : — a gisarme, a weapon 
resembling a halberd, 
having a spear point, with 
a small axe at the foot of 
the point, and sometimes a 
spike on the opposite side ; 
but in Matthew Paris (Rolls 
Ed. I. 470) the phrase 
occurs, " sica, id est, gis- 
arme." 

gista : — a joist. See also gistum. 

gistare : — to furnish with joists ; 
to recline on a litter. 

gistarius : — borne on a litter. 

gistum:— the duty of eutertain- 
ing the lord when on a 
journey ; yeast. 

glandines plumbei : — " Anglice 
hail-hot." 

glaneare : — to glean. 

glasia : — ice. 

glavea. glania : — a glaive. 

gleba : — land belonging to a 
parish church, glebe ; a 
corpse. 

glebalis terra : — glebe land. 

glebaria : — turf. 

gleniagium : — gleaning. 

gleniare : — to glean. 

glis :— mud. 

gliseria : — clayland. 

ylomellus : - a clew. 

glomerarius, glomerellus:—& com- 
missioner appointed to 
settle disputes between the 
scholars of a university and 
their servants (?). 

glorietta : — a gloriet, an upper 
room in a tower. 

glossum : — a shrine. 



252 



The Record Interpreter. 



ylulum : — glue. 

gohonatus : — embossed. 

godetus : — a mug. 

golda : — a drain ; a mine (?). 

goliarda : — buffoonery ; a jug- 
gler's art. 

goliardisare : — to act as a goli- 
ardns. 

goliardus : — a buffoon ; a j uggler. 

gonella, gonellus : — a gown. 

gora. See gara. 

gordus: — a weir, a weirpool; a 
gorce. 

gorgeria : — a gorget. 

gorgona : — a gargoyle. 

gota : — a gut, a drain. 

gouna :— a gown. 

grabatum : — a couch. 

gracemannus : — the head of a 
guild at Lincoln. 

gracia : — an indulgence. 

gradale, graduate : — a gradual, 
or grail, a book containing 
the musical portion of the 
mass. 

gradiens : — passant (heraldic). 

graduatus : — a graduate, one who 
has taken a degree in a 
university. 

grajia, graffia : — the dignity or 
territory of a grajfio. 

graffio : — a count, an earl ; a 
reeve. 

grajium, grafium: — a register, 
or cartulary ; a pen. 

grana : — scarlet. See granum. 

granata : — a garnet. 

granatarius : — a keeper or 
steward of a granary. 



grancia : — a grange, esp. a farm- 
house belonging to a monas- 
tery. 

graneta : — a garnet. 

granetarius. See granatarius. 

grangia. See grancia. 

grangiarius : — the keeper of a 
grange. 

grantum : — security. See crean- 
tum. 

granum : — grain ; the coccus ilicis 
and coccus arborum, used in 
dyeing red. 

grapa : — a putlog hole. 

graphium. See graffium. 

gratare : — to scratch. 

gratarium : — a grate. 

gratia : — an indulgence. 

gratiare : — to thank. 

grava : — a grove. 

grave turn : — a grove. 

gravia : — a grove. See also 
grajia. 

yremium : — the nave of a church. 

grenetarius : — a keeper of a 
granary. 

greseus, gresius : — grey. 

gresmannus : — a tenant of some 
sort. 

gressia : — grease time, the season 
for killing harts and bucks. 

gressibilis : — able to walk. 

grisenguSy grisetus, griseus : — 
grey. 

griseum opus : — greywork, gris, 
fur of badger skin, or more 
likely the " mus Ponticus." 

grisillones : — handcuffs, mana- 
cles. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



253 



grhium. See griseum. 

grissus : — grey ; gris. 

gristarius : — an official of a con- 
vent, probably in charge of 
the mills. 

grisus : — grey ; gris. 

groceria : — grocery. 

grorerius : — a grocer. 

gromes, grometus, gromus : — a 

groom. 
gronna : — a place whence peat is 

dug. 
gropus : — a hook, perhaps a 

skid. 
grossa : — a groat. 

grossare : — to engross, to make a 
fair copy, or to buy up. 

grossarius : — an engrosser, a 
grocer. 

grossum : — the revenue of a 

benefice ; gross. 
grossus : — (adj.) large, gross. 

grossus (subst.) a groat. (Fr. 
Gros.) 

groundagium : — payment for per- 
mission to anchor in a har- 
bour. 

grova : — a grove. 

grovetta : — a little grove. 

grovum : — a grove. 

gruarius : — a chief forester ; 
falcon used for cranes. 

gruellum : — gruel. 

grumus : — gruel ; a mound ; 
balk of land. 

grunda : — a gutter. See alur 

gruta : — grouse. 

grutum : — grout. 

guadagium. See guidagium. 



a 



guadium, guagium. See vadium, 
gualda : — woad. 
guannagium. See wainagium. 
guarda : — ward. 
guardaroba : — a wardrobe. 
guar dia : — wardship. 
guardiania : — the office of warden 

or guardian. 
guardiafius : — a warden ; a 

guardian. 

guardiare : — to guard, to protect. 

guarectare. See warectare. 

guarenna : — a warren. 

guarennarius, guarnerius : — a 
warrenner. 

guaretare. See warectare. 
guarniso : — provision. 
guastum : — waste. 
guerra : — war. 
guerrare : — to make war. 
guerrator : — a warrior. 
guerreare : — to make war. 
guerria : — war. 
guerrificare : — to make war. 
guerrinus : — at war ; warlike. 
guiure : — to lead. 
guidagium : — safe - conduct ; 
payment for safe -conduct. 

guidare: — to lead; to take toll 

for leading. 
guido : — a guidon. 
guihalla : — a guildhall. 
guilda : — a guild. 
guildhalda : — a guildhall. 
gula : — a tippet. 



a 



254 



The Record Interpreter. 



gula Augusti : — the first of 
August, Gulaust, Lammas 
Day* 

Gulaustum. See gula Augusti. 

gulf us : — a whirlpool ; a gulf. 

gulla : — a gully, a watercourse. 

gumfus, gumpha : — a hinge, a 

joint; glue. 

guna : — a cupping glass (guva) ; 
a gown. 

gunca : — reeds. 

gunellus : — a short gown. 

gunna : — some part of the ma- 
chinery of a mill ; a cannon, 
a gun ; a gown. 

gunnarius : — a gunner. 

gunnum: — a cannon, a gun. 

gupillerettus : — a foxhound. 

gupillius : — a fox. 

gurda : — a handmill (?). 

gurgeria : — a gorget. 

g urges, gurgitum : — a weir. 

gurgulio : — a gargoyle. 

gurius : — a weir. 

guttatorium, guttorium : — a 
gutter. 

guttera, gutteria, guttura : — a 
gutter. 

gutturna : — quinsy. 

gutturus : — a gutter. 

guuarda : — ward (guarda). 

guyalda : — a guildhall. 



guysa : — manner, form. 

gwafra : — a wafer. 

gwalsiowum : — a place of execu- 
tion. 

gwaslum : — waste. 

gyalda : — a guildhall. 

gydagium : — payment to a guide. 

gylda : — a guild. 

gysa : — manner, form. 

gysarma : — a gisarme. See 
gisarma. 

H. 

habentia : — riches. 

habilis : — fit ; capable. 

h abilita (in : — qualification . 

habitualiter : — by estimation ; 
figuratively. 

habitudinalis : — figurative. 

habundancia. For abundancia. 

haccus : — a hake (merlucius vul- 
garis). 

hachia : — a pickaxe ; a hatchet. 

hada : — a small piece of land. 

haderunga : — hatred. 

hadocus : — a haddock (morrhua 
ceglejinus). 

haerarius : — nesting. 

hcereditas, 8fc. See hereditas, Sfc. 

hcerela. See harela. 

haeria : — an aery, a nest. 



* This name is said to have originated from the cure by Pope 
Alexander I. of a wen in the throat {gula) of Balbina by the application 
of St. Peter's chains on that day. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



255 



haga : — a hedge ; a house in a 
city or borough. 

hagahulum :— a rate or tax paid 
at Cambridge. 

hagardum : — a rickyard. 

hagia, hata, haicia : — a hedge. 

hainescia. See esnecia. 

hair us : — a heron ; haircloth. 

haha : — a hake (merlueiits vul- 
garis). 

hakedus : — a hake. 

hakeneius, hakenettus : — a hack- 
ney, a nag. 

hala : — a hall. 

halberga : — a hauberk, a coat of 

mail. 
halbergetttim : — a coarse cloth. 

halberiolum : — a haubergeoo, a 
tunic of mail. 

halda : — a hall. 

halgardum : — a shed. 

halimotum : — hallmote ; court 
baron. 

halla : — a hall. 

halsfagium : — pillory ; a fine. 

hamella, hamelettum : — a hamlet. 

hamleta, hamlettus : — a hamlet. 

hamma : — a home-close ; a little 
meadow ; an edge or hem 
in the common field. 

hamsooa : — the privilege of a 
person's house ; a fine for 
forcible entry. 

hanaperium, haneparium : — a 
hamper. The Hanaper is 
an office in the Court of 
Chancery. 

hanchia, hancia : — a haunch. 
See also hansa. 



handana, handayna, handena : — 
a day's work. 

hangar dum : — a shed. 

hangwitha : — a fine for wrong- 
fully hanging a robber or 
letting him escape. 

hansa : — a house, or compan} r of 
nierchaats ; a city with re- 
ference to its foreign mer- 
cantile dealings. 

hara : — a stye. 

haracium : — a stud of horses. 

ha rare : — to plough. 

haratium : — a stud of horses. 

harctare : — to harrow. 

harela : — a conspiracy ; a society ; 
a riot. 

harenga : — a harangue ; a her- 
ring. 

harengaria : — the herring fishery, 
or season. 

harengus : — a herring (clupea 
harengus). 

harepipa : — a snare for hares, 
called a harepipe. 

harnesiare : — to put on armour ; 
to harness ; to decorate. 

harnesium, hamiaium, : — armour; 
harness ; rigging. 

harpare : — to play on the harp. 

harpica : — a harrow. 

harpicator : — a narrower. 

harredus : — a harrier. 

harreum : — a hord, troop, esp. of 
horses. 

haspa : — a hasp, a door- fastening. 

hasta : — a spit. 

hastalaria, hastellaria : — a spit- 
tery, a place where spits 
are kept. 



256 



The Record Interpreter, 



hastellarius : — a turnspit. 

hastiludium : — a tournament. 

hatvhettus : — a hatchet. 

hauhercum : — a hauherk, a long 
coat of mail with sleeves. 

hauberyellum, hauberyeo : — a ha- 
bergeon, a short sleeveless 
coat of mail ; sometimes 
used for hauberk. 

hauberyettum : — a habergeon, not 
necessarily of metal ; a sort 
of parti-coloured cloth. O.E. 
haberject. . 

hauberionuSy huuberiunus : — a 
habergeon. 

hauborio : — a habergeon. 

hauritorium : — a ladle ; a pump. 

haustrum : — a bucket ; a pump. 

havenator :— a harbour master. 

haverocum : — a haycock, a hay- 
rick ; the quantity of hay 
which can be lifted on the 
handle of a scythe, or bound 
with one cord. 

hay a, haycia : — a hedge ; a net ; 
an enclosure. 

haydaqium. Same ashedayium (?). 
(Selby Cartulary, f. 126.) 

hayea : — a hedge. 

hayum : — a meadow. 

hebdomada : — a week. 

hebdomad arms : — a canon of a 
cathedral church, appointed 
weekly to take charge of 
the choir; a priest appointed 
for weekly duty in a mon- 
astery. 

herrayium : — rent for heckles, 
fishing engines used in the 
Ouse, and at Pevensey. 

hechium : — a hatch ; a hedge. 



her /cay turn. See heccayium. 

heda : — a wharf ; a hithe. 

hedayium : — toll paid at a wharf. 

heiria : — an eyry, a nest. 

heiro : — a heron. 

heiwardus : — a hayward. 

he\ turn : — a hilt. 

heraldus :— a herald. 

herbayium : — herbage ; right of 
pasturing cattle ; payment 
therefor. 

herbarius : — a haymaker. 

herberynyium : — lodgings. 

herberyare, herbiyare : — to lodge ; 
to entertain. See also her- 
ber glare. 

herberyeria : — a harbour ; a 
halting place ; a lodging. 

her bery tare : — to build ; to fur- 
nish. See also herberyare. 

herberyiaior : — a harbinger : an 
innkeeper. 

herbiseca : — a mower. 

hercarius : — a harrower. 

hercea : — a hearse. 

hercia : — a harrow ; a frame to 
hold candles. 

herciare : — to harrow. 

herciatura : — harrowing ; service 
by harrowing 

herebannum : — a fine for refusing 
to perform military service. 

herecius : — a hound used for 
stag hunting. 

heredipeta : — the next heir. 

hereditamentum : — hereditament, 
all property that may be 
inherited. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



257 



hereditare : — to cause to inherit. 
hereditas : — an inheritance. 
herellus : — a kind of small fish. 
heremina :— ermine. 
heremita : — a hermit. 
heremitorium : — a hermitage. 
hereneswm : — harness. 
heresista : — a heretic. 

heretagium : — hereditament ; 

heritage. 
keretochius : — a commander of 

soldiers. 
heretrix : — an heiress. 

herettius cants : — the same as 
harrectus (?) or herecius. 

Iieretum : — a court} r ard for the 
use of soldiers. 

herezeldus : — military service, 
scutage. 

herga : — a harrow. 

kericias : — a hedgehog ; a re- 
volving bar with spikes used 
in fortresses. 

herietum : — a heriot. 

herigaldum : — a surcoat. 

herigeta : — a heriot. 

herilis : — there are two adjec- 
tives spelt thus, one derived 
from hreres, the other from 
herus. 

heriotum : — a heriot. 

herisc indium : — division of house- 
hold goods. 

herminus : — ermine. 

hermitagium, hermitorium : — a 
hermitage. 

hernasii : — irregular soldiers. 

hernasium, hernesinm. See har- 
nesium. 

M. 



herodius : — a gerfalcon {fal<"0 

Islandicus). 
heroudes : — a herald. 
herpex : — a harrow. 
herpicatio : — a day's harrowing. 
her da : — a hearse. 

her&ium : — a metal frame to hold 

candles. 
hesia : — an easement. 

hesta, hestha : — a small loaf ; a 
fowl. 

heuedrata : — a headland (?) ; 
perhaps the right to store 
manure on headlands. 

heura : — a hure. See hura. 

heymectus : — a rabbit-net. 

heyretheca : — a heriot. 

heyronagium : — a heronry. 

heyromis : — a heron. 

hibernagium : — the winter season 
for sowing corn, Michaelmas 
to Christmas ; corn sown in 
winter; winter services ; the 
court at which they were 
assigned ; rye. 

hida : — a hide of land, sufficient 
land to maintain a family or 
to work with one plough 
team, reckoned about 120 
acres. 4 hides=l knight's 
fee. 

hidagium : — a tax levied on every 
hide of land ; a fine paid by 
persons of servile condition 
instead of receiving corporal 
punishment for offences 
(hydgild). 

hidare : — to divide into hides. 

higra : — the bore or eager of a 
river. 

killa : — a sausage. 

hiltra : — an engine for catching 
salmon. 



258 



The Record Interpreter. 



hiltum : — a hilt. 

hindagiam : — loading. 

hippocomus'. — a master of the 
horse. 

hiremannus : — a servant. 

hiritinum : — a harrow (?). 

hirna : — a sausage. 

hirquicallus : — squinting. 

hirsepa : — a torch. 

hiruco. See hericius. 

hispaniolus : — a spaniel. 

historia : — a story, in a building. 

hit ha : — a wharf ; a hithe. 

hivernagium. See hibemagium. 

hlammator: — afishermanof sonio 
kind. 

hobellariusi—a. hobbler, a light 
horse soldier who rode a 
hobby. 

hobelus : — a hobby (falco sub- 
buteo). 

hoberarius. See hobellarius. 

hoccus salts : — a salt pit. 

hocium : — the housing of a horse. 

hoga: — a mound; a pit caused 
by making a mound. 

hogacius : — a hogget. 

hogaster : — a pig ; a sheep in its 

second year, a hogget. 
hogettus, hogietus : — a hogget. 

hoggus : — a hog. 

hogrus : — a sheep. 

homagium : — homage. 

hominatio : — muster ; homage. 

hominium : — homage. 

homiplagium : — maiming. 

hopa : — a hopper, a basket. 

hora : — ore (ora). 



horarius, horarium : — a breviary; 
a book of Hours. 

hordarius : — the keeper of a 
granary. 

harder 'a : — a treasurer. 

horderium: — a granary; a trea- 
sury. 

hordicium : — a hurdle. 

horisonium : — a clock. 

homagium, hornegeldum : — a tax 
on cattle. 

horologiarius : — a clock maker. 

horologium : — a clock ; a watch. 

horosropus : — a dial. 

horripilatio : — shuddering. 

hortarius : — a gardener. 

horula : — a short time (dim. of 
hora). 

hosa : — a small wooden cask. 

hos(B : — hose. 

hosarius : — a hosier. 

hospitalaria : — the hostry or 
guest-house of a monastery. 

hospitalarius \ — a knight of the 
Order of St. John of Jeru- 
salem ; a hospitaller or hos- 
tillar, a monk whose duty 
is to attend to guests, the 
steward of the guest-house ; 
a guest-master. 

hospitale, hospitaliias : — an inn; 
a guest house ; a hospital. 

hospitare terram : — to enclose (?) ; 
to build a house on. 

hospitarius. See hospitalarius. 

hospitator: — an innkeeper. 

hospitium : — a house for receiv- 
ing guests ; an inn, a hostel ; 
an Inn of Court or Chan- 
cery ; procuration or visita- 
tion money. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



259 



hostagium : — hostage. See also 
hospitium and hostelagium. 

hostelayium : — a lord's right of 
being lodged by his tenants. 

hostelarium. See hospitalaria. 

hostellarius : — an innkeeper. See 
also hospitalaruis. 

hosteria : — a riborium, q.v. 

hosterium : — a hoe. 

hostia : — the consecrated wafer. 

hostiagius : — a hostage. 

hostiaratus, hostiaria : — the office 
of usher or doorkeeper, one 
of the minor orders. 

hostiarius : — an usher. 

hosticins : — a porch. 

hostilagium. See hostelagium. 

hostillaria. See hospitalaria. 

kostillarius : — an ostler. See 
hospitalarius. 

hostium. For ostium. 

hostorcus : — a goshawk (astur 
palumbarius). 

hostorium: — a strickle for mea- 
suring corn. 

hostorius : — a goshawk. 

hostria. See hospitalaria. 

hostricus : — a goshawk. 

huca : — a hewke, a frock or 
mantle. 

hucea : — housing of a horse ; a 
gown. 

huchea : — a hutch. 

hudagium. See hidagium. 

hugia : — a hoy ; a hutch. 

huisserium : — a ship for convey- 
ing horses. 

huisserius : — an usher. 



hulcus. See hulJca. 

huldare : — to plank, to put 
campsheathing on a bank. 

hulla : — a large ship, a transport 
ship. 

hullus : — a hill. 

hulmus : — a holm, a meadow on 
a river bank, or an island. 

humagium : — a marshy place ; 
homage. 

hummulina : — beer. 

hundreda. See hundredum. 

hundredarius : — a hundredor, a 
juror in a case concerning 
land who lives in the hun- 
dred in which the land is ; 
a bailiff of a hundred. 

hundredum : — a hundred, a divi- 
sion of a shire ; a hundred 
court ; payment due from a 
hundred ; fine from the hun- 
dredors for non-appearance 
at the court. 

hura : — a hure, a coarse cap. 

hurarius : — a hurrer, a maker of 
hures. 

hurdicius : — a hurdle; a military 
engine to protect the assail- 
ants of a fortress; a hoarding. 

hur tardus, hurt us : — a ram. 

husa : — a horsecloth ; housing. 

husbandrea : — a farmhouse; a 
farm. 

husbandus : — a farmer; apeasant. 

huscarla, huscarlius : — a house- 
hold servant ; a military 
retainer attached to the 
lord's household. 

huscus : — a holm. 

husebondus : — a husband, in the 
sense of economy. 

s2 



260 



The Record Interpreter. 



husgablum, husgabulum : — house- 
tax, or rent, husgable. 

hussns : — holly. 

hustengitim, hitstengum, husffn- 
gum : — hustings ; the Su- 
preme Court of the City of 
London. 

hutagium, hutasium, hutellum, 
hutesium: — hue [and cry]. 

huterelium : — drift wood (?). 

hyda. See hida. 

hydromellum : — mead. 



I. 



ibanum : — ebony. 

ibernagium. See hibernagium. 

icona, icottia : — an image, a figure. 

iconomia : — housekeeping. 

idayo. See indago. 

idoneare : — to prove innocence, 
to purge. 

idriola : — a holy water stoup. 

ifungia : — coeket bread, the 
second best white bread. 

ignitegium : — curfew. 

illegitimitas : — bastardy. 

illicite: — translated in a docu- 
mentof 1385, '■ aukewardly." 

illimitatus :— unlimited. 

illuminare : — to paint. (0. E. 
limne.) 

imaginarius : — an image maker. 

imbassiator : — an ambassador. 

imbesilare : — to embezzle. 

imbreviare: — to abridge; to put 
in writing. 



imbricatus : — engrailed . See en - 
grallatus. 

imbrocus : — a brook. 

imb'ulus : — a pentice, a penthouse. 

imbursare : — to put in one's own 
puise. 

immeabilis : — immoveable. 

immeliorure : — to improve. 

immerciaius : — fined, amerced. 

imminorare : — to diminish. 

impalare : — to impound. 

impanellare : — to enter the names 
of a jury ; to empanel. 

imparcamentum : — the right of 
impounding cattle. 

imparcare : — to impark ; to im- 
pound. 

imparcatio. See imparcamentum. 

impechiamentum : — hindrance ; 
impeachment. 

impechiare: — to accuse, to im- 
peach. 

impedia : — the upper leather of a 
shoe. 

impediare : — to mutilate a dog's 
feet, to law. See expeditare. 

impedientes : — defendants. 

impennare: — to feather arrows. 

imperator : — the emperor. 

imperpetuum : — for ever. 

imper sonar e : — to institute a 
rector. 

impersonata, persona : — parson 
imparsonee, a lawful incum- 
bent in actual possession. 

impescatus : — impeached. 

impetere : — to accuse, to im- 
peach. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



261 



impetitio: — an impeachment; a 
claim. 

impiynoratissia : — adj. as a 
pledge. 

impinyuare : — to fatten. 

implacitare :— to implead, to sne. 

implementum :— complement ; an 

utensil. 
implicate :— a landing-stage, a 

mooring-place. 

impoisonare : — to poison. 
impomentitm :— a dessert of fruit. 
importance :— importance. 
imposterum : —hereafter. 
impotionare :— to poison. 
impressor : — a printer. 
impressus :— an adherent, a par- 
tisan. 
impretiabilis :— invaluable. 
imprimere : — to print. 
imprisa, imprisia :— enterprise. 
imprisius : — an adherent. 
imprisonameniare :— to imprison. 
imprisonamentum : — imprison- 
ment. 
imprisomre :— to imprison. 
imprisus :— an adherent. 
improbat'e : — disapproval ; dis- 
proof. 
improperare :— to blame ; to im- 
pute. 
improperatio : - disgrace ; insult. 
impropriate : — an ecclesiastical 
benefice in the hands ot a 
layman. 
impruiamentum :— the improve- 
ment of land, sometimes 
written appruiamentum. 



impruiare :— to improve land. 
inabilitas. See inhabilitas. 
inactitare : — to register. 
inamelatus : — enamelled. 
inancia : — advantage, advance. 
inannulatus : — not ringed (of a 

pig)- 

inantea : — henceforth. 

inbasciator :— an ambassador. 

inbladare :— to sow with corn. 

inbladatio :— growing crops. 

inblaura :— the product of land 
{imbladatura). 

inbreviare. See imbreviare. 
inbrochiare :— to broach. 
inbullare :— to insert in a bull. 
incarvare : — to imprison. 
incartare :— to grant by a writ- 
ten deed. 
incastellare :- to fortify. 

incausare : — to implead. 

incaustorium :— an inkhorn. 

incaustum : — ink. 

incensare :— -to use incense; to 
confer an office. 

incerchare: — to seek. 

incertum opus:— rubble work. 

incharaxare :— to put in writing. 

inchartare. See incartare. 

inclaudare : — to fetter. 

inclausa. See inclausura. 

inclaustrum : — a cloister. 

inclausura : — an enclosure, a 
home close. 

inclavare : — to prick with a nail. 

includere :— to enclose- 



262 



The Record Interpreter. 



fnclusa : — a nun; an anchoress. 

ificlusarius, inclusorius : — a pin- 
cler. 

inclusorium : — a pound. 

inclusus: — a monk; an anchorite. 

incluvium : — some instrument of, 
torture. 

incombrancio, : — encumbrance. 

incomhrare : — to hinder ; to stop 
up a road ; to pawn. 

incompatibilitas : — incompati- 
bility, of bene6ces which 
cannot be held together. 

incopare : — to accuse. 

incopolitus : — a proctor ; a vicar. 

incordure : — to string a bow or 
crossbow. 

incortinare : — to adorn with 
hangings. 

incrastinum : — the morrow. 

incredens : — infidel. 

incrocamentum : — incroachment. 

incrorare, incrochiare : — to en- 
croach. 

incrus tutor : — a tinker. 

inculpare : — to blame ; to accuse. 

inculpatio : — blame ; accusation. 

incumhrare. See incomhrare. 

incur ramentum : — liability to a 

penalty. 
inuurri men turn : — a fine. 

invuxsti. For inconcusstt. 

incusxarium : — a hammer. 

incus tod io • — carelessness. 

indayo : — a park. 

indebitatus : — indebted. 



indefensus : — one who refuses to 
answer to an accusation. 

indefesibilis : — indefeasible, that 
cannot be made void. 

indempnis. For indemnis. 

indentare : — to indent. 

indentura : — an indenture. 

index : — a pointer or setter dog. 

indicibilis : — unspeakable. 

indict amentum : — an indictment. 

indictare : — to indict. 

indictio : — indictment ; indiction, 
a cycle of fifteen years by 
which writings were dated 
at Home. 

indictor : — an accuser. 

indistanier : — immediately. 

indistrinyibilis : — not dist rain- 
able. 

indivisibilis murus : — a main wall, 
not a party wall. 

indivisum : — held in common. 

indorsamentum : — endorsement. 

indorsare : — to endorse. 

indorsatio : — endorsement. 

indossare. See indorsare. 

inductio : — induction, i )i rtt m £ a 
clergyman into possession 
of liis church. 

indula : — strong thread. 

indus : — indigo. 

inedicibilis : — unspeakable. 

inewardus : — a watchman. 



infaidare : 
■with. 



to be at enmity 



indecimahilis : 
tithes. 



-- not liable to 



infalislatio : — a capital punish- 
ment inflicted at Dover, 
drowning (?). 



Glossary of Latin Words, 



263 



infeodare : — to enfeoff. 

infeodatio decimarum : — granting 
tithes to laymen. 

infeofare: — to enfeoff. 

ivferius : — lower down, in a roll ; 
further on, in a book. 

infirmaria : — the infirmary of a 
monastery. 0. E. fermory, 
farmery. 

infirmarius : — the guardian of 
the sick in a monastery. 

infirmatorium : — an infirmary. 

hifiscare : — to confiscate. 

injlechiare : — to make shafts for 
arrows or bolts. 

inforciare : — to fortify. 

informator : — a tutor. 

infortiare : — to fortify. 

infossare : — to surround with a 
ditch. 

infia :-. — further on, in a refer- 
ence to a book or roll. 

infraclusus. For inclusus. 

infractura : — breach ; violation. 

infraadulentus : — without fraud. 

infr ontur e : — to stop. 

infrontare sese : — to resist. 

infrunitas : — madness. 

infuyare : — to put to flight. 

infula : — a cassock ; a coif. 

infunditur : — is flooded. 

ingaignia : — an engine; a 
machine ; a trap. 

ingenerabilis : — without the power 
of procreation. 

ingeniator : — an engineer. 

ingmium : — a machine ; an en- 
gine ; a gin. 



ingenuitas : — freedom ; nobility. 

inglisheria : — Englishry. 

ingradatus : — engrailed. See 
engrallatus. 

ingrangiare : — to deposit in a 
granary. 

ingravare : — to engrave ; to de- 
mand. 

ingrediatus : — engrailed. See 
engrallatus. 

ingressus : — the relief paid by an 
heir on entering upon his 
lands. 

ingrossare : — to engross, to copy 
out fairly, or to buy up. 

ingrossator : — a copier ; a whole- 
sale dealer. 

inguardus : — a guard ; a watch- 
man. 

inhabilitas : — un wieldiness ; un- 
fitness ; want of power. 

inhokare, inhoc facer e : — to en- 
close. 

inhokum : — " any corner or jmrt 
of a common field, ploughed 
up and sowed with oats, 
&c, and sometimes fenced 
in with a dry hedge, in that 
year wherein the rest of the 
same field lies fallow and 
common" (Jacob). 

inhospitatio : — lodging. 

inhundredum : — the central por- 
tion of a hundred (?). 

inimicare : — to be at enmity with. 

injuriatio : — wrongdoing ; in- 

inlagare : — to restore to the 
benefit of the law. 

inlagatit) : — the restitution of an 
outlaw. 



264 



The Record Interpreter. 



inlay atus : — one who is not an 
outlaw. 

inlantale : — demesne land. 

inleyiare : — to satisfy the law; to 
restore to the benefit of the 
law. 

iunamiare : — to distrain. 

innamium, innamum : — a pledge. 
See namium. 

innire : — to inn, to carry corn or 

hay. 
innocare : — to enclose. 

innocum. See inhokum. 

in ? 10 dare :— to knot; to bind. 

innodius : — the nave of a wheel. 

uinouia : — an enclosure. 

innoxiare : — to purg'e ; to ab- 
solve. 

inojficiare: — to provide with the 
services of the church. 

inordinatus : —intestate. 

inpennatus : — feathered. 

inprisius, inprisus : — an adherent. 

itiquesta, inquestum, inquisitio : — 
an inquest ; an inquisition. 

inquisitor'. — a sheriff, coroner, 
&c, who has power to hold 
inquests ; a retriever. 

i tiro tuf are, inrollare: — to enrol. 

insvalare : — to climb by ladder, 

to scale. 
i usee tutor : — a prosecutor. 
insetlatus : — unsaddled. 

insertum opus : — bonded ma- 
sonry. 

inservire : — to bring into slavery. 

insiyillure : — to seal. 

in&iym : — a coat of arms. 



insilium : — bad advice. 

insolercia : — unskilfulness. 

insolutus :- unpaid. 

installare : — to instal ; to quit- 
claim, to compound. 

inatallatio : — a composition. 

ins taur amentum. See inatauratio. 

instaurare : — to stock (a farm). 

instaurarius : — a stockkeeper. 

instauratio, instaurum : — store ; 
stock of a farm ; furniture 
of a church, books, vest- 
ments, &c. 

instirpare : — to plant, to estab- 
lish. 

instita : — a rochet. 

institutio : — institution, the 
granting by a bishop to a 
clerk of the cure of souls in 
his benefice. 

instuffare: — to stuff. 

ins true tus : — furniture ; tools. 

insubulus : — a trendle. 

insuetus : — accustomed. For as- 
suetus. 

insufu : — a detached house or 
block of buildings ; an aisle. 

in.sularius : — a keeper or porter 
of a detached house [insula). 

intabulare : — to write on tables; 

to register. 
intachyara : — a gore of land newly 

enclosed. 
intassare : — to heap up hay in 

cocks. 
intendentia : — submission. 

inter reptio : — enterprise, aggres- 
sion. 

interviperc : — to attack ; to seize 
wrongfully. 

inter cluustrum : — a walk or pas- 
sage between cloisters ('?). 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



265 



interclausum : — an enclosure. 

inter clausura : — the setting of 
precious stones ; chasing of 
metal. 

interclusorius : — enclosing. 

inter clusum. See inter clausum. 

inter communicare : — to intercom- 
mon, where the tenants of 
two manors use the com- 
mons of both. 

interesse : — interest. 

interessens : — being present at. 

inter essentia : — interest ; fee to 
those performing divine 
service. 

interjinium : — a space ; the bridge 

of the nose. 
interlinearis : — between the lines. 

interlocutor ius : — conversational. 

interloingnium. See loingium. 

interludium : — play, mumming, 

as at Christmas. 
intermedium : — intercession. 

inter namenturn : — burial. 

interpeditatus : — not completely 

hambled. See expeditare. 
interplacitare : — to interplead. 

interprisa :— an attack. 

interpugnare : — to fight together. 

interranea : — the bowels. 

intersignum : — a token ; acounter- 
sign. 

intertenere : — to entertain. 

inter tiare : — to sequester. 

intestinum opus : — wainscot. 

inthronizare : — to enthrone. 

intitulare : — to enter in a book 
or list ; to write titles on 
books ; to entitle. 



intorcinium : — a torch. 

intrare : — to enter, or inn, i.e. 
drain and cultivate, marshes, 
which are then called innings. 

intrasfagnum ":- a seat in a row, 
astall(?). 

intrinsecus : — a dweller within, 
a citizen, opp. to Jo rinsecus. 

introducere : — to marry. 

introitus : — an introit, an anti- 
phone sung while the priest 
is going to the altar. 

intronizare : — to enthrone. 

intrussare : — to pack up. 

inumbliare : — to trim the branches 
of trees. 

invadiare : — to mortgage ; to 

pawn. 
invadiatio : — a mortgage. 

invadimoniare : — to pledge, to 
put in pawn. 

inventarium : — an inventory. 

inventio : — treasure trove. 

in tentorium : — an inventory. 

inveritare : — to prove. 

investio, investimentum : — inves- 
titure. 

investire : — to invest, to give pos- 
session. 

investitura : — investiture. 

involutorium : — a kerchief. 

in ward us : — a watchman. 

ipoporgium : — an andiron. 

ir rectus : —unjust. 

irremiscibilis : — unpardonable. 

irreplegidbilis, irrepleviabilis : — 
irreplevisable, that which 
ought not to be replevied or 
delivered on sureties. 



266 



The Record Interpreter. 



irrotulamentum : — an enrolment. 

irrotulare : — to enrol. 

irrotulatio : — enrolling. 

irrugire : — to roar. 

tier: — the circuit, or eyre, of a 
judge. 

iterans justiciarius : — a justice in 
eyre. 

iter are : — to make a journey ; to 
hold an eyre ; to re judge ; 
to repeat. 

iterato : — again, repeatedly. 

iteraius : — repeated. 
itineratio : — a circuit or eyre. 
itura : — an alure. See alura. 
ivernagium. See hibernagium. 



J. 

jacens : — in abeyance. 
jactacula : — a hawk's jesses. 
jacti: — jesses. 

jactiuus : — one who loses by de- 
fault. 
jahones : — furze, gorse. 
jampnum,j annum: — furze, gorse. 
jantare: — to breakfast. 
jardinus: — & garden. 
jarellum : — a barrier. 
jar rum : — a jar. 
jarruy Ilium : — a gutter. 
jaula, Sfc. See gaola, frc. 
jauones : — furze (?). 
jercia : — a lamb. 
jesa : — a gisarme. 
jetti : — jesses. 



jocale : — a jewel. 

jocarius : — a jester. 

jocillator : — a juggler. 

joellum : — a jewel. 

joppus : — a fool. 

jornale. Seejornata. 

jornancia : — a day's work. 

jornata : — a day's work or jour- 
ney ; an acre of land. (Fr. 
journau.) 

Jovis dies : — Thursday. 

judaismus : — Jewry. 

judicata?-: — a doomsman, a man 
called, in to assist a Court 
in difficult cases, esp. in 
Cheshire. 

jugulare : — to yoke. 

juguliettum : — the neck. 

jugum : — a yoke of land, half a 
plough-land. 

juisa, juisium :•— judgment; trial 
by ordeal or battle ; execu- 
tion ; pillory. 

jumeniarius : — a man in charge 
of mares. 

jumentum : — a mare. 

juncare : — to strew rushes. 

juncata : — cream cheese. 

juncta : — a joint. 

junctum : — a measure of salt. 

junctura : — jointure. 

jupa : — a petticoat ; a gown open 
in front. O.E., a chy miner. 

jupellum:—a coat, a frock; a 
kind of banner. 

jurata, juratio : — a jury ; a body 
of j urates. 

juratar : — a juror. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



267 



juratus : — a jurate ; a person in 
Bordeaux, Bayonne, and 
other French towns, equi- 
valent to an alderman in 
England ; also in Maidstone 
for a time in the 17th cen- 
tury aldermen were called 
j urates. 

jurista : — a lawyer. 

jurnale : — a diary. Seejomata. 

jumedum : — a day's journey. 

justa, jus tea : — a joust, a tourna- 
ment ; a flagon. 

jus tic ia : — jurisdiction ; a line ; 
right, due ; a justiciary or 
justice; a joust. 

justiciabilis: — under jurisdic- 
tion. 

justiciar e : — to bring to trial ; to 
exercise or administer jus- 
tice ; to compel, to punish. 

justiciare se : — to appear or plead 
before a justice. 

justiciaria : — the office of justice 
or justiciary ; a writ to jus- 
tices ; the day when they 
sit. 

justiciarius : — a justice. 

justijicare : — to bring to trial. 

justijicator : — a compurgator. 

justitiaria. See justiciaria. 

justitium : —cessation from the 
exercise of justice. 

justorium: — a mill clapper. 

j attar e : — to jut out. 



K. 

kaia, kaium: — a quay; a wharf. 

kaiagium : — toll paid for unload- 
ing goods at a wharf ; 
quayage. 

kalendcc, &c. See calendcc. 

kaneva : — canvas. 

kanevacius : — with canvas mail. 
''Mail" is the word used 
for the plumage of a hawk 
over a year old.* 

karctta : — a cart. 

karisma : — grace. 

karistia : — dearth. 

karrata : — a cartload. 

karula : — a carrel, a small square 
chamber or cell, sometimes 
found in cloisters. 

karvana : — a caravan. 

karvannum : — a baggage train. 

kutallum. See catallum. 

kauma : — thatch. 

kayusy kuya : — a quay ; a wharf. 

kebbatus multo : — a worthless 
sheep, a kebber. 

kembelina : — a kemeling, or 
keeler. a tub. 

kemmotas : — a cymwd or comot, 
the quarter of a cantref. 
See cantreda. 

kernellare : — to embattle, to 
crenellate. 

kernellum : — a battlement ; a 
pinnacle. 



* " Hawkes have white maili, canvas maill or rede maill, and some 
call redo maill, iron may 11. White maill is soono knawc. Canvas maill 
is betwene white maill and iron maill. And iron maill is varri rede." 
Boke of St. Albans, 1480, f. 7, b. 



268 



The Record Interpreter. 



keveronus. See chcverinyus. 

kidellus : — a kiddle or kettle, a 
contrivance for catching fish 
set in a weir. 

killayium : — keeiage, the right of 
demanding money for 'ships 
lying in a harbour. 

kin talc: — a weight, about 100 lbs. 
See quintale. 

kiprus : — kipper, of fish. 

kiviVa, : — a pin. 

klammator. See hlammator. 

knipulus : — a knife. 

knopa : — a knob ; a knop. 

kokettus. See cokcttus. 

kranayium. See cranayium. 

kunupulus : — the clapper of a 
bell. 

kydellus. See kidellus. 



labilitas : — liability to slip. 

labina : — a marsh ; a fen. 

labor arius : — a labourer. 

laccus : — a lock (of hair or wool). 

laceatus : — fringed ; laced. 

lacescibilis : — weary. 

lacerta : — a fathom. 

lacinia : — a lappet. 

lacista : — a cade of herring. 

lacta : — defect in weight ; lack. 

lactayium : — rent for milch cows. 

lac tare : — to lack. 

lacticinium : —milky food. 

lactum : — alloy. 



lacum : — lack. 

lacunar :— a candle beam. 

lada : — purgation ; a watercourse, 
lode ; a load ; a lathe, a 
division of a county. 

ladiare : — to purge oneself of a 
crime. 

Icedorium : — reproach. 

Icestum : — a lathe. See leda. 

laya : — a lane ; law. 

layemaunus: — a lawman, a 
judge. 

layena : — a gallon, an eighth of 
a bushel. 

layhdayha : — a law-day. 

layhelmotus : — a law hallmote. 

lain : — a broad way in a wood ; 
a wild sow. 

laic us : — a layman. 

laidare. See ladiare. 

lairvita : — punishment for incon- 
tinence. 

lambella : — a label (heraldic). 

lambriscare, lambrissare, lam- 
bruficare, lambur chare : — to 
wainscot ; to ceil ; to orna- 
ment with fretwork. 

lamen : — a plate, a blade. (For 

lamina.) 
lampreda : — a lamprey (petro- 

myzon marinus), sometimes 

a lampern (petromyzon Jfu- 

via tills). 

lampro : — a lampern. 
lanarius : — a woollen draper. 

lanceare : — to extend, to abut (of 
land). 

lancearia : — a loophole for thrust- 
ing lances through ; a long 
narrow ship. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



269 



lanceicia : — an adjective applied 
to hides. (Pat. 14 H. iij., 
p. 2, m. 6). 

lancentagium, lancettagium : — a 
base or servile tenure. 

lancetus, lancet ta : — a tenant hold - 
ing by such a tenure. (A. 
S. landsceta or landsittend.) 
At Bury St. Edmunds the 
lancetti had to clean out 
certain chambers in the 
abbey. 

laudator: — keeper of lances in 
the Tower. 

landa : — a lawn ; land. 

landea : — a ditch for draining a 
marsh. 

lanerius, lanerus : — a lanner 
(Jalco lanarius or feldeggi). 
In the Middle Ages used 
for the female. 

langabulum : — tax or rent from 
land. 

langellum : — swaddling clothes. 



langemannus 
manor. 



-the lord of a 



langeolum, langeolus : — a woollen 
shirt, reaching to the knees, 
worn by monks. 

laniarius. ' See lanerius. 

lanlordus : — a landlord. 

la no niger : — a kind of base coin. 

lanterium : — the top of a steeple. 

lanterna : — a lantern. 

lapicidium : — a stone quarry. 

lappatus : — shaggy. 

lappiare : — to lop. 

lardanarium, lardarium : — a 
larder ; a salting house. 



lardanarius, lardarius : — a lar- 
derer, or clerk of the kitchen. 

tardea rium : — a larder. 

lar denarius. See lardanarius. 

larderarius. See lardanarius. 

larduarium: — a larder. 

lardum : — bacon. 

largitio : — largesse. 

larricinium : — robbery, larceny 

(latrocinium). 
lasirium : — azure. 

lassatinus : — an assassin. 

las ta, lastum : — a last, a measure 
used for fish, hides, corn, 
wool, &c. 

lastagium:— custom paid for 
wares sold by the last ; 
ballast. See lestagium. 

lastum : — a lathe, a division of a 
county. 

lata : — a lath ; a latch. 

lateranea : — a bedfellow ; a wife. 

laterna {lanterna) : — a prison in 
a convent. 

laterare: — to lie sideways (of 

land). 
latha : — a lath. 

lathamus. See latomus. 

latia : — framework. 

laticium : — lattice. 

latinarius : — an interpreter, a 

latimer or latiner. 
latius : — a lath. 

latomia : — masonrv. 

latomus : — a stonecutter. 

latro : — the right of punishing 
thieves. 

latronissa : — a feminine robber. 

lotta : — a lath. 



270 



The Record Interpreter. 



latthacio : — lathing work. 

laitrinum, lattunum : — latten. 

latunatus : — made of latten. 

latunum : — latten. 

laturia : — a book containing the 
Litany. 

latus : — a sidesman. 

laubia : — a porch, a gallery. 

laudare : — to arbitrate. 

laudator : — an umpire. 

laudes :— Psalms 148, 149, 150. 

laudum : — an award. 

lavandari(( : — a laundry ; a lava- 
tory. 

laratorium : — a lavatory ; a 
laundry ; sometimes used 
for piscina. 

laxa : — a leash. 

laxis : — an implement used in 
cookery. 

lay a : — a wild sow. 

lecator : — a person of bad charac- 
ter, a lecher. 

leccacitas : — lechery. 

leccator : — a lecher. 

lechia : — rushes or sedge. 

Jecia : — a leash. 

lecteria. See litera. 

lectica : — litter for cattle. 

lectio : — a lesson. 

lectionarium : — a book containing 
lessons, composed by St. 
Jerome ; or the epistles read 
at mass. 

lectis : — a brother's daughter. 

lectisternium : — bedding ; a mat- 
trass. 



lector -at us : — the office of reader, 
one of the minor orders. 

lectorium: — a reading-desk; a 
lectern. 

lectrinum. See lectorium. 

lecturire . — to lecture. 

lee tur turn. See lectorium. 

leda : — a lathe, a division of a 
county. 

hdo, ledona : — tide. 
leg a : — alloy. See also leuca. 
legalitas : — status as a lawful 
man; jurisdiction. 

legamannus : — a lawful man, or 
man of law. 

leganria. See Uganda. 

legatarius: — legatary ; a legatee ; 
a legate. 

legatia : — legation ; the district 
over which a legate has 
jurisdiction. 

legatus a latere: — a legate sent 
by the Pope with the 
amplest authority. 

legatus natus : — a legate in ordi- 
nary, an archbishop or 
bishop possessing legatine 
authority in his diocese. 

legenda : — a book containing the 
lessons for church service, 
or the lives of saints. 

legia :— the hanging part of the 
ear. 

legiosus : — litigious. 
legius. See ligeus. 
legrewita : — a fine for adultery. 
lemniscus : — a label (heraldic). 
lenga : — a ling (asellus longus). 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



271 



hones : — false coin prohibited 
by Edw. I. 

lepa : — a lip, or lepe, a basket 
holding about two-thirds of 
a bushel. 

lepidare : — to speak fair. 

leporarius : — a greyhound. 

leporium .: — a hare-warren. 

leprosaria : — a lazarhouse. 

lesca : — a slice. 

lescare : — to slice. 

lesia : — a leash. 

lessa : — a legacy ; a lease. 

lessia : — a leash. 

lesta, lestum : — a last; a lathe. 
See lasta. 

lestagium : — toll paid at a port 
on landing goods ; or at a 
market or fair for licence to 
remove goods. 

lestum : — a lathe, a division of a 
county. 

lesura : — a leasowe, a pasture. 

leta : — a court-leet. 

letania : — a litany. 

leuca: — a league, 1,500 paces, 
or 480 perches ; sometimes 
used for a mile, and other 
distances ; a covenant. 

leucata : — a league ; banlieue. 

leuga. See leuca. 

leugata. See leucata. 

leugator : — a scout or forager (?). 

levabilis : — leviable. 

levanum : — leavened bread. 

lev are : — to collect, to levy ; to 
remove ; to carry hay ; to 
make hay. 



lev are mercatum : — to hold a 
market. 

levator : — a lever. 

levellus : — level. 

leverarius : — a harrier. 

leverio, breve de : — writ of relief. 

levescere: — to become light. 

levia : — a span. 

levinarius : — a lymehound, " a 
leviner." 

levita : — a deacon. 

lex : — sometimes used for ordeal. 

lezura : — a leasowe, a pasture. 

liardus : — dapple grey. 

libellare : — to put in writing ; to 
convey by charter. 

libelli supplicum, magister : — 
Master of Requests. 

libellus : — a declaration ; a libel ; 
a charter. 

liber lapis : — freestone. 

libera : — delivery of a portion of 
grass or corn to a tenant 
who has been engaged in 
cutting it. 

liber are : — to deliver. 

liberata : — a gift ; livery. The 
word " clothing" was used 
for the liverymen of a City 
Company as late as the 
Stuart period. 

liberate : — a writ ordering a pay- 
ment to be made, commenc- 
ing with this word. 

liberatio. See liberata. 

liberatura. See liberata. 

liber tare : — to set free. 

libertatio : — freedom. 



272 



The Record Interpreter. 



libitina : — a bier, a hearse. 

libra: — a pound, in weight or 
money. 

librarium : — a library. 

librarius : — a scribe ; a librarian. 

lihrata terrce : — land worth 20, < ?. 

yearly ; 4 oxgangs, or 52 

acres. 
librillare: — to chatter; to babble. 

UcecB : — lists; barriers. 

licentiare : — to give leave ; to 
take leave of. 

licentiatio : — leave. 

licere : — to license. 

Mchinius : — the wick of a candle. 

lichinus : — a candlestick. 

lichitus : — an oil flask. 

licice : — lists; barriers. 

liciarium : — a bid, in dealing. 

liciatorium : — a loom. 

licitamentum : — a bid. 

liemarius : — a lymehound. 

liga : — a league, a confederation. 

ligamen : — a bond ; an oath. 

Uganda : — allegiance, homage. 

ligatus : — a liegeman. 

ligeancia : — allegiance ; breach 
of allegiance. 

ligeus, hgius : — liege ; lawful ; 
simple, unconditioned. 

lignagium : — the right of cutting 
fuel in woods. 

lignamen : — timber. 
lignarius : — a wharfinger. 

ligniculum : — a small image of 

wood. 
lignile : — a wooden cupboard. 



lignipodiurrt'. — a wooden leg; a 

stilt. 
liga la : — a fillet, a file. 
limas : — an apron. 
limbus : — a shallow boat ; a punt. 

U mini sous : — a point or stop in 
a MS. 

limo : — a cartshaft. 

limus : — an apron. 

Una lintea : — " Anglice lynnen 
yarne." (Pat. 8 Jac. I., 
pt. 5, No. 3.) 

linare : — to line. 

linarium : — a place where flax is 
grown. 

linealiter : — in a straight line. 

linear e : — to lino. 

lingius : — of linen. 

lingua : — loin. 

linguaris miles : — a pursuivant ; 
a knight of the tongue, i.e. 
a lawyer, &c, as opposed to 
a knight of the sword, a 
soldier. 

liniare : — to line. 

linteamen, linthiamen : — linen 
stuff ; a sheet ; an apron ; a 
neckerchief ; a ruffband. 

linura : — lining. 

linus : — clay. 

lipsana : — relics. 

liquiritia :— liquorice. 

lira : — a measure of land (York- 
shire). 

Uripipium : — the tail of a hood, 
or the peak of a shoe. 

lista : — an edge ; a strip ; a cata- 
logue; lists for a tourna- 
ment. 

lisura : — list (of cloth). 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



273 



lit era, liter ia : — litter, straw ; a 
litter ; bedclothes. 

litice. See licece. 

litor : — a dauber. 

litteria, litura. See litera. 

lixus : — boiled. 

lobbum : — a large fish in the 
North Sea, of the cod species. 

lobia : — a porch ; a gallery. 

lobium: — a portico ; a lobby. 

locagium : — a lease ; rent. 

locare : — to let ; to hire. 

loccum : — a lock on a river. 

lochia : — a stone-loach (cobitis 
barbatula). 

locutorium : — a parlour. 

loda : — a load. 

1 odium : — a louvre. 

loerenium : — a rein. 

loga : — a truss (?) of hay. 

loggiare : — to cut wood into 
logs (?). 

logia : — a lodge ; an outhouse. 

logiare : — to lodge, to dwell. 

logium. See logia. 

loingium, loingnium : — a lewne, 
or lune, a strap attached to 
a hawk's jesses. 

lokettum : — a locket ; a flock of 
wool. 

lolidodium : — a cart saddle. 

longellus :— a coverlet; a long 
cloak. 

lonnia : — a loin. 

lopare : — to lop. 

loquela : — imparlance ; a plea ; a 
suit. 

loquenda : — a point reserved by 
a court for consideration. 

M. 



lor ar ins : — a lymehound. 
lorema : — a bridle bit. 
loreinum : — a bridle rein. 

lorengum, lore?ma, lorenum. See 

loreinum. 
lorica : — a hauberk. 
loridium : — a belt. 
lorimaria : — lorimery, bits, 

buckles, and other metal 

work for harness. 
lorimarius : — a lorimer or loriner ; 

a spurrier ; a girdler. 

lotorium : — a wash-hand basin. 

lottum et scottum : — lot and scot. 

lovera, lover ium : — a louvre. 

lucarius: — a woodward; aparker. 

lucea : — a taper. 

lucellus : — a bier, a hearse. 

lucernarius : — a watch dog. 

luces : — pike (esox lucius) (pi.). 

lucina : — a gore in a dress. 

lucubrum : — a lantern. 

lucupletare : — to enrich. 

ludator : — L a player. 

ludricus : — a beast of burden. 

ludum :— a device ; a motto. 

luigna : — a loin. 

lumbale, lumbare : — a belt, a 
girdle. 

luminarius : — a dealer in lights ; 

a chandler. 
luminio : — lighting. 

lunce, dies: — Monday. Lunce is 
also used for Monday by 
itself, not declined, as — infra 
Lwice, before Monday ; and 
the same is true of the 
names for the other days of 
the week. 



274 



The Record Interpreter. 



lunarius : — a watch, dog. 

lunda : — a bind of eels, i.e. 250 ; 
two timbers of skins, i.e. 80. 

lundeni : — men whose service was 
on Monday. 

lundinarium : — a quarter of a 
virgate. 

lunivagus girus : — the moon's 
orbit. 

luparius : — a wolfhunter. 

luplicetum : — a hop garden. 

lupulatus : — made of hops. 

lupus : — a cutaneous eruption. 

lura : — a bung. 

lurale : — a lure. 

lusceus : — a pike (esox lucius). 

lussus, lusus : — a brother-in-law. 

luta : — a lute. 

luter : — a basin, a laver, a font. 

lutrarius : — an otter hound. 

lutrea : — an otter. 

lutricius : — an otter hound. 

luuebona : — work done gratui- 
tously. 

luvare : — a louvre. 

luvereticus canis : — a wolfhound. 

luverus : — a louvre. 

lymputta : — a lime pit. 



M. 

macarius. See macellarius. 

macea ' — a mace. 

macellarius, macerarius : — a vic- 
tualler ; a fleshmonger. 



maceria: — the outer wall of a 
convent. 

machecaria : — a meat market. 

machecarius. See macellarius. 

marhccollare: — to add machecoulis 
to a castle. 

macia : — a mace. 

macuelhis : — a small mace. 

macula : — mail ; silver half- 
pence. 

madera : — madder. 

madialis : — adj. of May. 

madius :— the month of May. 

maeremium, maereunium :— tim- 
ber. 

maynagium : — a house. 

mogmdis : — great. 

magthura : — same as mangura(?). 

mahemiare : — to maim. 

mahemium: — mayhem, maim. 

mahumeria : — a mosque. 

maialis : — adj. of May. 

maignagium : — a brazier's shop. 

maior : — a mayor. 

maiorare : — to increase, to im- 
prove. 

maior ia, mairia : — mayoralty. 

maisneda : — a household. 

maisremum, maisremium : — tim- 
ber. 

maker ellus : — a mackerel (scomber 
scombrus). 

mala : — a budget for carrying 
letters ; a mail ; beech 
mast (?). 

malandrinus : — a pirate. 

malecredere : — to suspect. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



275 



maleficare : — to bewitch. 

maleficium : — witchcraft. 

malejicus : — a wizard. 

maletta : — a small mail or trunk. 

malignare : — to maim. 

malina : — spring tide. 

mallardus : — a mallard, the male 
of anas boschas. 

mallia : — mail. 

mallium : — a mesh. 

malmaria : — a mosque. 

maltra : — a combe, 4 pecks. 

malveisina : — an engine to cast 

stones. 
mana : — an old woman. 

managium : — a house. 

manbota : — compensation paid for 
murder to the victim's 
master. 

manca : — a square gold Saxon 
coin, value thirty pence, in 
the 12th century, from 6s. 
to 7*. 6d. ; a silver coin, 
i oz. ; a mark ; a fishing 
boat ; a defect. 

manceps: — a manciple, clerk of 
the kitchen. 

mancipulus : — a panier man 
(Middle Temple). 

mancinus : — lefthanded. 

mancus : — the curve of a sickle 

or scythe. 
mancusa. See manca. 

mandatarius : — a mandatory, a 
commissioner. 

mandatum : — maUndy ; an extra 
allowance of food in a con- 
vent ; footwashing in a 
monastery on Saturday. 

mandibile festum : — a feast. 



mandra : — a shed, a hovel. 

maneleta : — tares, weeds. 

manens : — a tenant who was con- 
fined to the land. 

manensis : — a house, a farm. 
manerium : — a manor. 

manga, manganum: — a mangonel, 
for casting stones. 

manger turn : — the right of re- 
ceiving food, &c, at the 
house of a tenant. 

mangiatorium : — a manger. 

mangonale, mangonelus : — a 
mangonel, for casting 
stones. 

mangonare : — to traffic at a 
market. 

mangonelus, mangonellus. See 
mangonale. 

mangura : — food. 

maniamentum : — administration 
of justice ; possession. 

maniculare : — to handcuff. 

maninga : — jurisdiction ; a court 
of law. (A. S. manung.) 

manipularis : — a corporal, in the 
time of James I. 

manipulum : — a maniple, worn 
by a priest on the left, arm. 

mannagium : — a house. 

mannire : — to cite. 

mannus : — a horse. 

manopera : — a day's work. 

mansa : — a farm ; a dwelling- 
house ; sometimes a hide of 
land. 

manser : — a bastard. 

mansia, mansio. See mansa. 

t2 



276 



The Record Interpreter. 



mansionarius : — a harbinger; a 
sexton. 

mansum, mansura, mansus. See 
mansa. 

mantea : — a mantle. 

mantellum : — a cloak ; a mantlet. 

mantiare : — to fit a handle to. 

mantica : — a wallet. 

mantile : — a long robe. 

mantum : — a cloak, a mantle. 

manuale : — a manual, a book 
containing what is neces- 
sary for the administration 
of sacraments and sacra- 
mentals. 

manualis obedientia : — sworn obe- 
dience. 

manubriator : — a maker of hilts 
or handles, a hafter, a 
helver. 

manucapere : — to mainprise, to 
become mainpernor for. 

manucaptio : — mainprise, surety. 

manucaptor : — a mainpernor, 
bail. 

manulevare : — to raise (money). 

manumola, manumula : — a hand- 
mill. 

manuopera : — stolen goods taken 
on a thief ; cattle and farm 
implements ; handwork. 



manuoperarius : 
man. 



a handicrafts- 



manupastus : — a domestic ser- 
vant ; domestic service. 

manupes : — a foot in length. 

manupositum 
earnest. 



-a deposit ; an 



manurare : — to manure. 
manus : — used for an oath. 



manusmola : — a handmill. 

manus mortua : — mortmain. 

manutenentia : — maintenance ; 
the unlawful upholding of a 
person or cause. 

manutenere : — to maintain. 

manutensionis pileum : — a cap of 
maintenance. 

manutentor : — a maintainor. See 
manutenentia . 

manutentum : — a handle. 

manutergium : — a haudwipe a 
towel. 

manzer : — a bastard. 

mapparius : — a keeper of linen. 

mar a : — a lake, a mere ; a moor. 

marabotinus : — a gold coin used 
by the Arabs in Spain ; an 
account temp. Hen. III. 
states ' ' marabotinus seu ta- 
\entum." In later times it 
appears to mean a maravedi. 

marca : — a mark, a silver coin, 
8 oz. troy weight, in money 
135. 4d. , 

marca auri : — in 1130 was worth 
6/. ; in Stephen's reign, 9 
silver marks ; in the reign 
of Henry II., 12/. ; in John's 
reign, 10 silver marks. 

marcanda villa : — a market town. 

marcapetum : — a footstool. 

mar car da villa : — a market town. 

mar care : — to mark; to take by 
right of letters of marque. 

marcata : — a rent of a mark. 

marcator : — a merchant. 

marcatum : — a market. See mer- 

catum. 
marca tus : — a rent of a mark. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



277 



marcha. See marca. 

marchalsia : — the Marshalsea, a 
prison in London. 

marchantesia : — merchandise. 

marcheium : — a market. 

marchesia : — the March ; the 
Court of the March. 

marcheta. See merchetum. 

marchetum : — a market. 

marchia : — the March or border 
land between two countries. 

marchiare : — to adjoin, to border 
on. 

marchiatus : — a marquis. 

marchio : — a marcher ; a mar- 
quis. 

marchionatus : — a marquisate. 

marchionissa : — a marchioness. 

marchisus, marchisius : — a mar- 
cher, a dweller on a March. 

Marcialis : — in the month of 
March. 

marcula : — diminutive of marca. 

marearchus : — an admiral. 

maremium : — timber. 

marescalcia, marescallia, mares- 
callia : — the right of taking 
fodder for horses ; the office 
of marshal ; the Marshalsea, 
London ; a stable. 

marescalcus, marescaldus, mares- 
callus : — a farrier ; a mar- 
shal ; a harbinger. 

mareschum : — a marsh. 

maretum : — a marsh. 

margia : — a border, a margin. 

Maria le : — a book containing the 
Hours of the B. V. M. 



marie tare : — to marry. 
marina : — the seashore. 



mannarius 
ner. 



-a seaman, a mari- 



marinellus : — a mariner. 

mariola : — a small image of the 
Virgin Mary. 

marisarchus. See marearchus. 

mariscalcia. See marescalcia. 

mariscus : — a marsh. 

maritayium : — marriage ; a mar- 
riage portion ; the right of 
giving in marriage. 

maritatio : — a gift by the hus- 
band to the wife on mar- 
riage. 

marla : — marl. 

marlare, marliare : — to spread 
marl over land ; to dig 
marl. 

marleputtum : — a marlpit. 

marlera, marlerium, marletum: — 
a marlpit. 

marlia : — marl. 

marlura : — marling. 

mama : — some clay used in pot- 
tery ; marl. 

marneria : — a marlpit ; a moat. 

mar qua :— the right of reprisals, 
marque. 

marquezius : — a marquis. 

marquisia : — a marchioness. 

marquisius : — a marquis. 

marra : — a moor ; an iron tool 
like a pickaxe. 

marscallare : — to do a farrier's 
work. 

martellus : — a hammer. 



278 



The Record Interpreter, 



marterina pellis : — marten fur. 

martilogare: — to insert in a 
register of martyrs. 

martilogium : — a register of mar- 
tyrs (martyrologium). 

martina : — a marten (martes 
foina). 

martineta : — a kingfisher {alcedo 
ispida). 

Martis dies : — Tuesday. 

martologium. See martilogium. 

martrina, martrix, martro : — a 
marten. 

marutia :— some additional out- 
work to a castle. 
masagium : — a messuage. 
masca : — a masque. 
mascea : — a mace. 

maserus : — a maser, a bowl, often 
of wood, especially maple. 

masnagium : — a dwelling-place. 

massa : — a club ; a mass. 

massare : — to chew ; to hammer. 

mastinus, mastivus : — a mastiff. 

mastruca : — a cloak of skin, fur 
inside. 

mastrum : — a kneading trough. 

mastics : — a mast. 

masuagium. See messuagium. 

masuella : — a small club. 

masura. See mansu. 

mature : — to mate at chess. 

ma tine Hum : — breakfast. 

matracia, matracium : — a mat- 
tress ; quiet. 

matria : — a pantry. 
matricula : — a list ; a register. 



matrimonium : — marriage ; in- 
heritance descending by 
marriage. 

matrina : — a godmother. 

matutini : — lauds, in the Rule of 
St. Benedict. 

matutinale : — a book of lauds. 

matutinellum : — breakfast. 

maupigyrnum : — a sort of pot- 
tage. 

maviscus : — a thrush ( Turdus 
musicus). 

maxima : — an axiom ; a maxim. 

maximus senex : — oldest. 

mazenarius: — a keeper of mazers. 

ma zona rites : — a mason. 

meandrum : — a rubbish hole. 

meanialis. See menialis. 

meatim : — in my own way. 

medaria : — a place for making or 
stowing mead. 

medarius : — a mead maker, or 
seller ; an official in charge 
of the medary in a convent. 

mederia : — a house where mead 
is sold. 

mediamnis : — a dyke ; a canal. 

medianetum : — arbitration. 

meda : — mead. 

medicus digitus : — the third fin- 
ger. 

medie matius, homo : — a man of 
low rank. 

medietas : — mesnalty, the right 

of the mesne lord. 
meditentum : — the cap of a flail. 
meditullium : — middle. 
medius: — mean; mesne. 
medlea, medieta, medletum : — a 

fray ; a medley. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



279 



medo : — mead. 

megadomesticus : — a chief officer 
of the household, a major 
domo. 

megarus : — mackerel (scomber 
scombrus). 

megucarius : — a white tawyer, a 
leather dresser. 

meida : — madder. 

meimmatus : — maimed. 

mela : — a measure of corn and 
cheese (Scotch). 

melleta. See medlea. 

mellibr odium : — bracket or brag- 
wort, a drink flavoured with 
honey and spice. 

mellitarius : — a beekeeper. 

melotus : — a badger (meles 

taxus). 
memorandorium : — a catalogue. 

memorator : — a remembrancer. 

memprisa. See manucaptio. 

men ag turn : — a family. 

mencia. Perhaps an error for 
meneia. 

meneia : — appearance ; obei- 
sance (?). 

menestr alius : — an artisan ; a 
minstrel. 

menetum : — a wooden horn. 

■menialis : — menial. From 
mcenia. 

meniare : — to wall. 

mensacula : — a carving knife. 

mensura: — a bushel; standard 
measure ; a candle of the 
length of or perhaps image 
in wax of a sick person or 
limb sent to a shrine. 

mensurare : — to measure for the 
purpose mentioned above. 

menusa :— reeds, rushes (?). 



mera : — a marsh ; a mere ; un- 
pressed wine. (Fr. mere 
goutte.) 

merarius : — a midday meal. 

merca. See marca. 

mercancia, mercandisia : — mer- 
chandise. 

mercandizare : — to trade. 

mercantia : — merchandise. 

mercatoria villa : — a market 
town. 

mercatum, mercatorium : — a 
market. 



mercearius 



-a mercer. 



mercenarius : — a hireling. 

merceria : — mercery. 

mercerius, mercerus : — a mercer. 

merchandizare : — to trade. 

mercheta, merchelum : — a fine 
payable by a villein for 
licence to give his daughter 
in marriage, and in Scotland 
at his own marriage. 

mercia : — traffic ; a fine. 

merciamentum : — a fine. 

merciarius : — a mercer. 

mercimoniatus : — impost on mer- 
chandise ; custom. 

mercinarius : — a mercer. 

mercum : — a mark, a sign. 

Mercurii dies : — Wednesday. 

meremium :— timber. 

merendula : — an afternoon re- 
freshment, a bever. 

mergulus : — a sink, of a lamp or 
a lavatory. 

mergus : — a bucket ; a water dog. 

merketum : — a market. 



280 



The Record Interpreter. 



merlure. See mar] are. 

merlengus, merlingus : — a ling 
(asellus longus). 

me r scum : — a marsh. 

meruca : — a cod (morrhua vul- 
garis). 

merulus : — a merlin (Jalco 
cesalon). 

mesagium. See messuagium. 

mescheninga : — wrongful prose- 
cution (miskenning). 

mesfacere : — to do wrong. 

meslea, mesleia, mesleta :— a fray, 
a melee. 

mesprisio. See misprisio. 

messuria : — the office and profits 
of a farm bailiff. 

messarius : — a mower or reaper ; 
a farm bailiff. 

messina : — harvest time. 

messuagium : — a messuage ; a 
dwelling-house. 

mestaria, mestera, mesterum : — 
art ; trade ; mistery. 

mestelenium :— the remains of a 
meal given as alms. 

mesticare, mestifirare : — to make 
sad. 

mestilo : — mesline, wheat and rye 
mixed. 

metn : — a mete, a boundary. 

meiallifodina : — a mine. 

metebona : — work done for food. 

mega: — a stack or heap of hay 
or corn, a mow. 

micatorium :— a grater. 

michia : — a loaf. 

miles : — a knight. 



miliare : — a thousand ; a mile ; a 

milestone. 
miliatium : — millet. 
milicentum : — a millstream. 
militare :— to be knighted. 

militia : — knighthood ; a knight's 
fee ; a body of knights or 
soldiers ; tenure by knight 
service. 

milium : — millet. 
millenarium : — a thousand. 
milliare : — a thousand ; a mile ; 
a milestone. 

millo : — a hayrick. 
milium : — a hound's collar. 
milivellus. See mulvellus. 
mimilogium : — minstrelsy. 

mina : — a measure of corn, &c, 
3 to 7 skeps ; a measure of 
land, 120 ft. square; a 
measure of wine ; a mine. 

minagium : — toll paid on corn 
sold by the mina. 

minare: — to drive; to guide. 

minaria : — a mine. 

minator : — a miner. 

miner a : — a mine, ore. 

minerarius : — a miner. 

mineria : — a mine ; a quarry. 

minetarius : — a miner. 

miniator : — an illuminator. 

minietum verrum : — miniver. 

minigunga : — warning. (A. S. 
myneguvg.) 

minister : — a thane ; a bailiff. 

minis teri< ties : — traders. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



281 



minister turn : — a trade ; a cred- 
ence, among Carthusians, 
Cistercians and Premonstra- 
tensian canons. 

ministralcia : — minstrelsy. 

ministr alius, ministraulus : — a 
minstrel. 

minorissa : — a Minoress, a nun 
of S. Clare. 

minstrellus : — a minstrel. See 
menestr alius. 

minitor : — a miner. 

minorare : — to lessen. 

minta : — mint. 

minuare : — to damage. 

minuere : — to let blood. 

minuta : — a draft, a minute. 

minutio : — bleeding. 

misa :-. — agreement ; arbitration ; 
cost, expense. 

miscuure : — to mix. 

misdocere : — to misinform ; to 
misadvise. 

misellus : — a leper. 

misericordia : — an arbitrary line ; 
a gratuitous portion of food 
given in addition to com- 
mons ; a hall in a monastery 
where additional commons 
were given ; a dagger ; a 
wooden turn up seat in the 
choir of a church. 

misevenire : — to fail. 

misprisio : — misprision, culpable 
concealment of crime. 

missa : — mass. See also misa. 
missal e : — a massbook, a missal. 
missativum : — a message. 
missaticus : — a messenger. 



missum :— a gift given to the 
King or Prince of Wales 
on entering Wales. 
missura : — religious ceremonies 

at death. 
missurium : — a dish, or mess. 
mistera, misterium : — trade ; mis- 

tery [minis terium). 
mitra : — a kerchief. 
mitta : — a measure of corn, &c. 
mixtilio. See meslilo. 
mixtorium :— a rudder, an imple- 
ment used in mixing malt. 
mixtum :— breakfast of bread and 
wine in a monastery ; trans- 
lated "pottage" in the Eule 
of St. Benedict, cap. xxxviij. 
(1875). 
modiatio :— duty paid on wine or 
corn, measured by the muid. 

moeta : — a half. 

mola : — a millstone. 

molatio : — multure. 

molda : — a mould. 

moldera, moldru : — multure. 

molendinarivs :— a miller. 

molendinator : — a miller. 

molendinum : — a mill. 

molestra : — a sheepskin. 

molinum : — a mill. \ 

molitura, moltura :— grinding ; 
corn taken to a mill to be 
ground ; grist ; payment for 
grinding, multure ; «a lord's 
right to make tenants grind 
at his mill. 
molliare : — to knead. 
moUicio : — grinding. 
molneda : — a millpool. 
molta :— toll paid by vaseals for 
grinding corn at the lord s 
mill. 



X 



282 



The Record Interpreter. 



molumentum : — toll for grinding-. 

moluius (molitus) : — ground. 

mo?iaca } monacha : — a nun. 

monachaliter : — in monkish 
fashion. 

monacare, monachare: — to make 
a man a monk ; to receive 
him into a convent. 

monacus, monachus : — a monk. 

monagium : — error for menagium. 

monasteriaUs : — monastic. 

monasterium : — a monastery, a 
minster. 

moneta : - money ; a mint. 

monetacio : — coining, minting. 

monetagium : — mintage, right of 
coining ; tribute paid by 
tenants to the lord that he 
should not change the money 
he had coined. 

monetare : — to coin ; to mint. 

monetarius : — a moneyer ; a 
coiner ; a banker. 

monetatio : — coining. 

monetum : — a mint. 

moniale : — a nunnery ; a mul- 
lion. 

motiiulis: — a nun. 

monstru : — a muster. 

monatrantia, : — a reliquary, a 
monstrance, or ooster. 

monstrare : — to muster. 

monstratio : — a muster. 

monstrum : — a muster ; a reli- 
quary. 

moota : — a searaew or seagull. 

(Fr. mouette.) See also 

mota, muta. 
mom : — a moor ; a mere. 



moracum : — pure wine (merwn). 
See moratum. 

moragium: — rent or service for 
tenure of moorland. 

moratum :— a drink, supposed to 
be wine flavoured with mul- 
berries. 

mordaculum : — the tongue of a 

buckle. 
more turn : — brown cloth. See 
also moratum. 

morgabulum : — rent of moorland. 

morgagium : — mortgage. 

morgagifa. See morganegiba. 

morganegiba : — the husband's 
gift to the wife on the wed- 
ding-day, or the day after. 

moriatio : — residence. 

morina : — murrain. 

morosus : — boggy ; delaying. 

morsella : — a small piece [of 
land]. 

morsellatim : — piecemeal. 

morsellus. See morsella. 

morsus : — a morse ; a clasp. 

mortarium : — mortar ; a mortar ; 
a stone or metal cup to hold 
a night light ; a lamp over 
a grave or shrine. See also 
.mortuarium. 

mortellum. See mortarium. 

mortgngium : — a mortgage. 

morticinium : — murrain. 

mortifware : — to alienate in mort- 
main. 

mortitivus : — dead of murrain. 

mortizare. See amortizare. 

mortua sesona : — close time for 
foxes, in the forests, 1 May 
to I Sept. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



283 



mortuarium : — a bequest to the 
testator's parish church in 
recompense for tithes not 
duly paid ; a duty payable 
to the lord on the death of 
a tenant. 

mortuum vadium : — a mortgage. 

morua, moruca : — a codfish 
{morrhua vulgaris). 

mos : — custom, in the sense of 
tax on goods entering the 
kingdom. 

mossa : — a moss or bog. 

mota : — a mote ; a moot ; a pack 
of hounds ; a moat ; a castle 
mound. 

motaculum : — a rudder, an imple- 
ment used in mixing malt. 

motibilis : — moveable ; a vagrant. 

motivum : — a motive. 

motor : — a mootman. 

motulinus : — mutton. 

motum : — a moat. 

motura. See molitura. 

mua : — mews. 

mucetta : — a hole. 

mueta : — a watchtower ; mews ; 

a pack of hounds. 
muffulce : — fur gloves ; muffs. 

mugettum : — musk. 

muiia : — mews. 

muillo : — a haycock or hayrick. 

muiolus (Fr. muid) : — a measure 
of corn, salt, &c, about 
5£ qrs. 

mulcto. See multo. 

mulecius : — a mullet {mullus bar- 

batus or mugil capito). 
mulier : — lawful issue. 
mulioy mullo : — a hayrick. 



mulneda : — a mill pool. 

multa : — a fine. 

multiplicium : — a cloak. 

multo : — a sheep, a wether ; a 
French gold coin bearing 
the Agnus Dei, worth 12*. brf. 
Tournois ; an engine of war. 

multo ties : — many times. 

multra, multrum : — a pail. 

multura. See molitura. 

mulvellus : — melwell, milwin, 
greenfish, perhaps coalfish 
(merlangus carbonarius) or 
pollock [merlangius polla- 
chius). Jt cannot be the 
green streaked wra,sse{labrus 
lineatus), which is in some 
parts called greenfish, as 
suggested in Wright's 
Dialect Dictionary, on ac- 
count of its rarity. 

muncellus : — a mound, a heap of 
corn, sometimes 10 sheaves. 

mundare : — to purge by ordeal. 

mundifr act ura : — mundbrech, 
breach of enclosures, pri- 
vileges, or the king's 
peace. 

municeps : — a magistrate of a 
town. 

munimen : — a grant, a charter. 

munimenta : — records. 

muntator : — a soldier serving 
with a knight, on the Welsh 
March. 

muragium :— toll exacted in a 
town for repairing the walls. 

murale : — a wall. 

muratio : — a walled town. 

murdra : — murder. 



284 



The Record Interpreter. 






murdrare : — to murder. 

murdrator : — a murderer. 

murdredum : — murder ; tax im- 
posed for the escape of a 
murderer. 

mur drive : — to murder. 

murdritor : — a murderer. 

muvdvum : — murder. 

muvena : — a lamprey (petvo- 
myzon marinus). 

murilegus : — a cat. 

muripellns, muvipula : — a but- 
tress. 

muvra : — a maser. 

muvrena : — murrain. 

muvrus : — a maser. 

muvtvavius : — a murderer. 

muvtvum : — murder. 

?nusavdus : — lazy, stupid. 

musca : — musk. 

musrata nux : — nutmeg. 

muschettus : — the male sparrow 
hawk (accipiter fringil- 
larius ; also called fra- 
yellus). 

muscidus : — mossy ; mouldy. 

muscula : — a mussel. 

museum, museolum : — a study 
(room). 

mussa : — a moss or bog. 

mussetum : — a mossy place. 

musta : — must, unfermented 
wine. 

mustrum : — muster. See mon- 
stvum. 

muta : — a pack of hounds ; a 
mew of hawks ; moulting. 

mu tare : — to mew hawks. 



mutarius : — mewed. 

mutilamen : — a mutilation, a 
maim. 

muto. See multo. 

mutulave {mu til are) : — to hatnble. 
See expeditare. 

mutulinus : — mutton. 

mutulus : — a bracket ; a corbell. 

mutus, mutatus : — mewed. 

mystax : — a moustache. 

mystevium : — mystery ; some- 
times used for mistery. See 
misteva. 



N. 

nabulum : — freight. 

naca : — a small ship ; a smack. 

nacella. y navicella : — a skiff ; a 
boat. 

uaivietas : — naifty, bondage. 

naivus. See nativus. 

namare : — to distrain; to take 
into custody. 

namatio : — distraining ; im- 
pounding. 

rmmiare. See namare. 

namium, namma : - — distress; 
pledge. 

nammiare, namtire : — to distrain ; 
to take into custody. 

namum. See namium. 

napa : — a cloth ; a napkin. 

naparia : — napery. 

nappa : — a rib. 

napparius : — a keeper of napery. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



285 



napta : — tow. 

narrator : — an advocate. 

nascella : — a small ship. 

nascula : — a button. 

nasellus : — a small ship. 

nassa : — a kiddle or fishweel. 

nata : — a mat. 

natal e: — the condition of a man. 

Natalicium : — the day of martyr- 
dom of a Saint. 

natalis dies :— Christmas day. 

Natalis Domini, tempus: — Christ- 
mastide (temp. Car. II.). 

nativa : — a born bondwoman ; a 
nief. 

native. — by the tenure of a 
bondman. 

nativus : — a born serf, or bond- 
man. 

natta : — a reed mat. 

naulum : —passage money by 

ship. 
nauta : — a sailor, a bargee. 
navagium : — the duty of carrying 

the lord's goods by ship. 
narata : — a ship load. 
naviagium : — navigation, sailing. 
navicella, navicula : — an incense 

cup in the shape of a boat. 
navicularius : — a shipowner ; a 

shipwright. 

navigalis : — seafaring. 
navigium : — a fleet. See also 
navagium. 

navis : — the nave of a church ; 
the same as navicella ; an 
ounce. 



navithalamus : — a state barge. 

nayvus. See nativus. 

nebula : — a wafer (bread). 

nebularius : — a baker of wafers. 

nefrendus : — a boar. 

neotegeldum. See notegeldum. 

nepos : — a nephew. 

nepta, neptis : — a niece. 

nequare. For necare, to kill. 

nerviria : — strength. 

netus : — a bondman (nativus). 

nigellare : — to ornament with 
black enamel. 

nigra moneta : — copper money. 

nigromanticus : — a necromancer. 

nisus : — a fish-hawk (falco hali- 
aetus). 

noa :— a marshy pasture. 

nobile : — a noble, a gold coin 
value 6s. Sd. 

nora, nocata : — a nook of land, 
the quantity uncertain, in 
some places 12£ acres. 

noctanter : — by night. 

novtare : — to be dark ; to spend 
the night. 

noctuatim : — nightly. 

noctumum : — religious service 
performed at night. 

nocumentum : — nuisance'; dam- 
age. 

nodare : — to decree. 

nodulus : — a button. 

noka. See noca. 

nola : — a small bell. 

nona : — none, from about 2 p.m. 
to vesper. 



28(> 



The Record Interpreter. 



nonce : — ninth part, paid to the 
church by church tenants. 

nonagium :— ninth part of move- 
able goods paid at death to 
the clergy. 

nonna : — a nun. 

nonneria : — a nunnery. 

nonnus : — word used by young 
monks when addressing 
elders. 

nonsecta : — a non-suit. 

nontenura : — nontenure. 

Norayenus : — Norwegian. 

Northintus : — Northern region. 

nota : — a note; a memorandum. 

notarius : — a notary ; a scrivener. 

notegeldum, noutegildum : — pay- 
ment for beasts on common 
pasture. The same as cor- 
nagium. 

novate : — newly tilled land. 

novercare: — to behave like a 

stepmother. 
novitius : — a novice. 

numncins : — a tollman. 

niimeralia : — beads. 

numerator : — a teller. 

nummata : — a pennyweight ; 
nummata terrce is the same 
as denariata; price. 

nummosus : — rich. 

nummus : — a penny. 

nuncius : — an apparitor ; a ser- 
geant ; a beadle. 

nundince : — a fair, or tourna- 
ment. 

nunna : — a nun. 
nutriciaria : — a nursery. 
nutrius : — a foster child. 



0. 



obaudire : — to disregard ; also to 
obey. 

obbatus : — a jugful. 

obediencia : — any office in a mon- 
astery ; a rent. 

obedientialis, obedientiarius : — an 
inferior officer in a convent ; 
an advocate of a convent. 

obgrunnire : — to murmur at. 

obiculum : — a chace at tennis. 

obitus : — funeral service, or anni- 
versary of death ; obit. 

oblata : — an offering ; a gift ; a 
wafer ; the Eucharistic 
bread. See obolata. 

obligar : — a garter. 

obligatorium : — obligation ; a 
bond. 

obnoxius : — sometimes used for 
obnixus. 

obolata : — a halfpenny worth ; a 
measure of land varying 
from half an acre to half a 
perch. 

obolus : — a halfpenny. 

obrizus : — pure, of metals. 

obsella : — a coffer (?). 

obstaculum : — a tribute. 

obstinatus : — deaf. 

obstupare : — to stop up. 

obstupatio : — stopping up. 

obturacio : — filling up ; stopping 
up. 

obulata. See obolata. 

obventio : — an offering ; tithe ; 
profit. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



287 



occasio : — a tribute on a special 
occasion ; a hindrance ; a 
complaint. 

occasionamentum : — molestation. 

occasionare : — to molest. 

occasionari : — to be liable to some 
special tribute ; to be hin- 
dered, vexed. 

occatio : — assart. See assartum. 

octaba, octava : — the eighth day 
after a feast, utas. 

ocul avium : — the visor of a hel- 
met. 
oculns : — a circular window. 

odditorium : — a miscellaneous 
collection ; a lumber room. 

odorisequus : — hunting by scent. 

ceconomicus : — an administrator 
of property ; an executor. 

ceconomus : — a treasurer. 

ofasium : — caudle. 

offerenda : — an offering ; the 
sacrament of the Eucharist ; 
an antiphone sung at that 
time. 

offer tovium : — offerings ; an offer- 
tory ; a piece of cloth in 
which the offerings or the 
chalice is wrapped. See 
also offerenda. 

officialis : — one who exercises the 
jurisdiction of a bishop or 
archdeacon. 

officiare : — to serve. 

officiavius. See officialis. 

officiator : — an officer. 

officium : — trade ; an office, a 
room where a man works. 

offrum : — an offer. 



ofnama :--an enclosure. 

olosa : — a shad. See alosa. 

olosericum : — entirely of silk ; 
bawdekyn. 

olyverum ferri '-: — a foundry (?) ; a 
heavy hammer worked by a 
treadle. 

omelia : — a homily. 

omnimodus : — of all sorts. 

onophorium: — a costrel, a wooden 
bottle. 

opella : — a shop. 

operabile : — a handicraft. 

operabilis dies : — a working-day. 

operaria : — the office of works. 

opcrarius : — a tenant who did 
bodily work for his lord ; a 
clerk of the works. 

operatio : — a day's work. 

operatus : — chased. 

opertius : — not lawed (of a dog). 

opertura : — lining. 

opilare: — to hinder. 

opilio : — a shepherd ; a bishop. 

opirus : — sour ; mouldy (of 
bread). 

opisie : — harness. 

oplondina : — uplands. 

oppidanus : — the keeper of a 
town. 

oppilio. See opilio. 

opprimentum : — oppression ; also 
used for operimentum. 

ora : — ore ; a Saxon coin worth 
16c?. to 20c?. ; an ounce. 

ovarium : — a hem ; a border ; a 
kerchief ; a stole. See 
horavius. 



288 



The Record Interpreter. 



orator : — an ambassador. 

oratoriolum : — an oriel or oriole. 

orbi ictus : — dry blows. 

ordalium : — ordeal. 

ordeum: — used for hordeum. 

ordinal e : — an ordinal. 

ordinarius: — an ordinary, "he 
who hath the proper and 
regular jurisdiction, as of 
course and of common right. ' ' 

ordinator testamenti : — the ad- 
ministrator of a will. 

ordinatus : — in holy orders. 

ordinium : — posterity. 

orditura : — the warp in weaving. 

ordolaium : — ordeal. 

oretenus : — vocally, by word of 
mouth. 

org ana : — a pair of organs. 

oriolum : — a portico ; a gallery ; 
an oriel. 

oritimum : — a clock. 

ortellus, ortillus : — a claw. 

ortolagium : — a garden plot. 

ortus : — used for hortus. 

orynale : — used for urinal e. 

osceptrus : — a hawk. 

osculatorium : — a paxbrede, a 
small tablet to be kissed. 

oseria : — osiers. 

osorium : — a strickle. 

ostagiamentum : — security. 

ostagiare : — to give security or a 
hostage. 

ostagius : — a hostage. 

os tens io : — toll paid by tradesmen 
for leave to expose their 
goods for sale ; a muster. 



ostentatus : — a muster. 

ostiarius : — -an usher. See hos- 
tiarius. 

ostigare : — to release on security. 

ostilium : — a gate; an entrance. 

ostria. See hospitalaria. 

osturruSj osturus. Soe anstnr. 

otriare : — to grant. 

oustitrix : — a midwife. 

outorius. See austur. 

ovare : — to lay eggs; to rejoice. 

ovenana. See ofnama. 

overhernissa :— contumacy. 

oversamessa : — fine for neglecting 
to pursue malefactors. 

oviale : — a sheepf old ; a sheep- 
walk. 

oviare : — used for obviare. 
oxillare : — to turn sour. 



P. 



paagator : — a collector of paa- 
gium. 

paagium. See passagium, pava- 
gium. 

pacabilis : — payable, passable. 

pacagium : — payment ; pas- 
ture (?). 

pacare : — to pay. 

pacatio : — payment. 

paccus :— a pack, a bale. 

paceri : — to be at peace, be dis- 
charged. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



289 



paci/icarius : — an official at 
Benauge, in the 13th cen- 
tury. 

padnagium. See pannagium. 

paduencia : — a paddock. 

paga : — payment. 

paga : — a country ; a district ; a 

county. 
pagania : — heathendom. 

paganus : — a heathen. 

pagare : — to pay. 

pagelJa : — a panel. 

pageta, pagettus : — a page (ser- 
vant). 
pagus. See paga. 

paiare : — to pay. 

paisa : — a wey. See wag a. 

paisso : — pannage. 

pakellum : — a pack. 

pala : — a pale of wood ; a pale 
(heraldic) ; a baker's peel. 

palaciatum :— the office of pala- 
tor. 

palacium : — a palace ; a palisade. 

palafredus : — a palfrey. 

palatinus : — a courtier. 

palator : — a paler, a forest offi- 
cer. 

palchum : — a stage ; a floor, a 
story. (Ital. palco.) 

palefridus : — a palfrey. 

palestarius : — a paler. 

palettus : — a palet, a headpiece 
of cuir bouilli. 

palicium : — a paling. 

palistrum, palizium : — a paling. 

palla : — a canopy ; a funeral 
pall; an altar cloth. 

M. 



pallagium : — a duty paid to lords 
for loading or unloading 
ships at their ports. 

pallamentum : — used for pari a- 
mentum. 

palliare : — to cover. 

pallium :--a pall, a pontifical 
or archiepiscopal vesture ; 
an altar cloth. 

palma : — tennis. 

palmarius : — a pilgrim, a palmer. 

palmata : — a bargain ; a hand- 
ful or handbreadth ; a stroke 
on the hand. 

paJmatia : — a palm grove. 

palmiferus : — a palmer or pil- 
grim. 

palmitare : — to bargain. 

palmula : — a rudder, an imple- 
ment used in mixing malt. 

paltenerium : — a pautener, a 
purse. 

paltenerius, paltonarius : — proud, 
savage. 

palum : — a pale, paling. 

pana : — a counterpane. 

panagia : — holy bread. 

panarius : — a place in a church 
where bread was distributed 
to the poor. 

panatus : — fortified with piles (?). 

Pandicalaris dies : — All Saints 
day. 

pandoxarc. — to brew, or sell 
beer. 

pandoxator : — a brewer. 

pandoxatorium : — a brewhouse. 

panduca : — a bagpipe. 

U 



290 



The Record Interpreter. 



panella, panellum : — a panel; a 
list of jurors' names. 

p< infill are : — to empanel. 

panellus : — a panel ; a cushion ; 
a net ; a small loaf. 

panerius : — a panier, a bread- 
basket. 

panesculus : — a small loaf. 

panetaria : — a pantry. 

panetarius, panetrarius : — a 
pantler, or panter. 

panetria: — a pantry. In some 
cases this word is used as if 
it were derived from pannus, 
not pants. 

panicius : — a baker. 

panigeria : — a fair or market. 

panna : — squared timber sup- 
porting the rafters, or a 
gutter between the roofs of 
two houses; a cross beam. 
(Fr. panne). 

pannagiare : — to pasture pigs ; 
to pay pannage. 

pannagium : — pannage ; mast ; 
payment or licence for feed- 
ing swine in a forest. 

pannarius : — a clothier. 

pannicipium : — a closet, a press. 

panniculus : — a napkin. 

pannideusium : — a button. 

pannucia : — party-cloth, cloth of 
divers colours. 

pannus : — cloth ; a weaver's 
spittle or spool. 

pantaria, pantria : — a pantry. 

paonacius : — purple. 

papa : — a pope. 

papa turn : — pap, child's food. 



papatus : — popedom ; papacy. 

papilio : — a tent, a pavilion. 

papilo?iarius : — a tentmaker. 

papirium : — a record room ; a 
register. 

par : — a pair ; a peer. 

par civitatis : — a citizen ; a free- 
man. 

paruchinus, parachina: — a pa- 
rishioner. 

parafredus : — a palfrey. 

pa rag turn :— equality of condition 
or property ; a tenure be- 
tween parceners. 

par amentum : — equipment ; or- 
nament. 

paraphernalia : — furnituro, 
clothes, &c, which a widow 
may claim in addition to her 
dower or jointure. 

paraphonista : — a chorister. 

paraphus : — a paragraph. 

pararia. See petraria. 

pararius : — a cloth dresser. 

parasceue : — Good Friday ; any 
Friday. 

parastica : — the step of a mast. 

paraticum. See paragium. 

parcaminarius : — a seller of 
parchment. 

par care: — to enclose. 

parcarius : — a parker ; a pinder ; 
a foldkeeper. 

parcella : — a parcel (of land). 

parcella terras : — " Anglice vo- 
cata : A Noke Land." 
(Valor Eccl. iij. 35.) 

par cell are : — to parcel out. 



Glossary of Latin Words, 



291 



parcenarius : — a joint holder of 
land, a coparcener ; par- 
cenary. 

parcopollex : — a shoe-horn. 

parous : — a park ; a pound, a 
pinfold. 

par dona : — pardon. 

pardonare : — to pardon. 

pardonatio :'- — pardon. 

pargulum : — a parclose. 

paria : — a pair. 

pariagium, pariatio : — grant of 
portion of lands to lord or 
king in return for protec- 
tion. 

pariettare : — to parget or plaister. 

parificare : — to equalise. 

partus lapis : — freestone. 

pari amenta] is : — of parliament. 

parlamentare : — to confer to- 
gether. 

parlamentum : — parliament. 

parlatorium : — a parlour ; an 
audience chamber. 

parliamentum, Sfc. See parla- 
mentutn, &c. 

parlora : — a parlour. 

parmentarius : — a tailor ; a frip- 
perer. 

paro : — a small ship. 

parochia : — a diocese ; a parish. 

parochianus : — a parishioner; a 
parish priest. 

parrio : — a small ship. 

par terra : — a plot of ground. 

partibilis : — divisible. 

par tic a : — a perch. 



particula : — a parcel. 

particulariter : — by retail. 

parlicus. See parous. 

partionarius : — a partner. 

parura : — apparel ; embroidery 
on an alb, amice, or altar 
frontal, &c. 

parvisa : — the cloisters or circuit 
of a convent ; the cemetery ; 
a church porch ; a chamber 
over it. Perhaps a corrup- 
tion of Paradisus. 

parvisim : — an exercise for law 
students ; a moot. 

parvisium, parvisus. See parvisa. 

pasaiarius : — a ferryman. 

Pasca. See Pascha. 

pascarium : — dues or tithes paid 
for pasture. 

pasoere : — to feed, is used of men 
as well as beasts. 

Pascha : — Easter. In the 13th 
cent. ace. Pascha, gen. 
Paschatis or Pasche, abl. 
Pascha. 

Pascha Floridum : — Palm Sun- 
day. 

pascua : — a meadow ; pasture. 

pascuagium : — pasturage. 

pascuarium :— pasture ; payment 
for pasture. 

pasnagium : — pannage. 

passagiarius : — a person crossing 
a ferry ; a traveller. 

passagium : — passage over water, 
ferry ; payment for passage ; 
payment by military tenants 
in lieu of serving abroad. 

passare : — to pass ; to cause to 
pass. 

u2 



292 



The Record Interpreter. 



passartus : — a ferryman. 

passator : — the owner of a ferry ; 

a ferryman. 
passtagiarius : — a ferryman. 
passiator. • See passator. 

passionerius : — a passioner, i.e., 
book containing Saints' 
lives. 

passus : — a portion of a book or 
poem, "fytte " ; a mountain 
pass. 

pasta : — dough ; pastry. 

pasted : — pastry. 

pastellarius : — a pieman. 

pastellum : — woad. 

pasteria : — pastry. 

pasticium : — -a field for pasture. 

pastillus : — a pie. 

pa s turn : — paste; dough. 

pastura :— pasture. 

pasturare : — to depasture. 

pastus : — provisions which a 
tenant is bound to supply 
to his lord. 

patella : — a pan ; a tool used in 
building. 

patena : — a metal plate ; a paten. 

patenarius : — an acolyte. 

patens, patenta : —letters patent. 

pathnagium : — pannage. 

paticium : — an allowance. 

patriaster: — a stepfather. 

patricinium : — used for patro- 
cinium. 

patrina : — a godmother. 

patrinus : — a godfather. 

patronicatus : — commanded (of a 
ship). 



patronizare : — to defend. 

paunagium : — pannage. 

pausa : — a barrel. 

pausatto : — repose. 

pavagium: — pavage ; pavment 
for paving the roads. 

pavare : — to pave. 

paveillo : — a tent. 

pavesium : — a pavice, a large 

shield. 
paviare : — to pave. 

paviator : — a paviour. 

pavilio : — a tent. 

pavimentatio : — paving. 

pavire : — to pave. 

pax: — a small tablet presented 
by the priest at mass to be 
kissed by the people. 

paxeria : — a pier ; a floodgate. 

paxillum :— a staff ; a landmark ; 
a tent pole. 

peccum : — a peck. 

pecia : — a piece or small quan- 
tity. 

peciatum : — a peck. 

peconus : — a hook or clasp. 

pectorale : — a breastplate ; an 
ornament worn by a bishop ; 
a horse's poitrel. 

pectrix : — a woman comber. 

pecuarius : — a grazier. 

pedagium:— pedage ; toll paid 
by travellers, esp. through 
forests. 

pedale : — a footcloth ; a duty ex- 
acted at Bordeaux ; a shoe- 
maker's last. 

pedalis pons : — a footbridge. 



Glossary of Latin Words, 



293 



pedana : — gaiters or stockings. 

pedaticum : — a toll on passen- 
gers ; any toll. 
pedatus : — having a foot. 

pedellum : — a pightell or picle (?). 

See pictellum. 
pedica: — a. fetter; a trap for 

catching wolves ; a calthrop. 

pedicator : — a trapper. 

pedicru : — a pedigree. 

pediles : — stockings. 

pedilusor : — a football player. 

pedinus : — a pawn at chess. 

pedisyradum : — a pedigree. 

pedis pulveris, or pulverisati, 
curia : — Piepowder Court. 

pedo : — a foot soldier. 

pedules : — stockings. 

peyo : — a candlestick. 

peisa, peisea, peisia : — a wey. 

See waga. 
pela : — a peel, a castle ; a baker's 

peel. 
peletarius : — a pelterer. 

peletria : — peltry, skins. 

pel fare : — to pilfer. 

pelf r a : — booty ; pelf. 

pell a : — a booth ; a shop. 

pellayium : — duty on hides. 

pellefridus : — a palfrey. 

pelletria : — fur ; the wardrobe of 
furs in the royal house- 
hold ; the trade of peltry. 

pellica : — a baker's peel. 

pellicia, pellicies, pellicium : — a 

pilch ; a fur gown. 
pelliparius : — a pelterer, a 

skiuner. 



pelliris : — a palet, a headpiece of 
cuir bouilli. 

pellura : — fur. 

pellus : — a shovel ; a peel. 

pelota, pellota :— a ball ; the ball 
of the foot. 

pelum. See pela. 

penalitas : — penalty. 

pendicia : — appurtenances. 

pendicula : — a plumb-line. 

pendiculum : — a timber arch over 
a doorway. 

pendulus : — a pendant jewel. 

penerarius : — an ensign-bearer. 

penitenciaria : — penitentiaryship. 

penitenciarius : — a penancer. 

penitimus : — inmost. 

penitior : — inner. 

pennarium : — a penner. 

pennula. See penula. 

pennum : — a pennon. 

pensa : — a wey. See waya. 

pensionarius : — liable to payment. 

pensum : — a weight. 

pentecostalia : — Whitsuntide 
offerings, or a payment 
in lieu of them. 

Pentecoste : — Whit Sunday. 

pentivium : — a pentice or pent- 
house. 

penucella : — a pensell or penon- 
cell, a small banner. 

penula :— a hood. 

penularius : — a maker of hoods ; 
a parmenter. 

penulatus : — hooded ; furred . 
per a : — a purse ; a bag ; a pier. 



294 



The Record Interpreter. 



peracula :— a little hag or purse. 

perambulata,perambulatio .'—sur- 
vey ; a walk in a forest (?). 

perambulum :— a walk ; an alley. 

per apsis :— a platter. 

peraria. See petraria. 

percai—a, perch of land. See 
pertica. 



percaminarius : — a 
parchment. 



seller of 



percaptura .-—stakes set in a river 

tor catching fish. 
percata : —a perch. See pertica. 
percetla. See parcella. 

perchia :— a perch (perca Jluvia- 
tilis) ; a perch or pole. See 
pertica. 

per cur Bum :— pursuit ; the right 
of following game beyond 
one's own bounds. 

perdica : — used for pertica. 

perdona :— pardon ; discharge ; 

remission. 
perdonare :— to pardon. 
per donatio : — pardon. 

perdonista :— a pardoner, an offi- 
cial from whom pardons can 
be obtained. 

perdricarius :— a man employed 
in taking partridges. 

perecia :— a piece, a fragment. 

pcregrinatio :— a pilgrimage. 

peregrinus : — a pilgrim. 

perempnis .—used for per ennis. 

perendinare :— to delay; to re- 
main, to reside; to re- 
double. 

per equate : — to level. 

performare : — to perform. 



pergumena : — parchment. 

pergamenarius : — a parchment 
maker. 

pergulum :— a lodge ; a pound. 

perhendinare. See perendinare. 

peribolus :— a circuit ; a compass ; 
a gallery. 

peridota : — a peridot, a gem, 
colour green. 

periermenicB : — interpretation 

(7rspl kpfMnveiacs .) 

perillum :— part of the machinerv 
of a mill. J 

perinus. See perrinus. 

peritus:— tried; sometimes used 

to mean " guilty." 
per la :— a pearl. 
permentarius. See parmentarius. 
peronizare :—to purchase. 
perpacare :— to pay in full. 

perperus : — a Byzantine coin, 
worth half or a quarter of a 
mark. 

perplacitare : — to decide. 

perplicar : — a garter. 

perpunctum : — a doublet. 

perquirere :— to purchase, to ac- 
quire otherwise than by in- 
heritance. 

perquisitio : — purchase. 
perquisitor :— a purchaser. 

perquisitum :— purchase; perqui- 
site ; profit. 

perreator :— a lapidary. 

perreia : — a precious stone. 

perreria :— a stone quarry. 

perrinus :— stony ; shining like a 
precious stone. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



295 



perseus, persicus : — peach - co- 
loured. 

persona : — a person ; a parson or 
rector. 

persona impersonate, : — a parson 
impar8onee, a lawful incum- 
bent in actual possession. 

personabilis : — able to maintain a 
plea. 

personagium : — a parsonage ; a 
benefice. 

personalis : — the office of a par- 
son ; a benefice. 

perttca : — a perch or pole of 
land, now 16£ feet, in the 
thirteenth century 24 or 25 
feet ; a square perch, now 
30£ yards; a crossbeam ; the 
beam of a buck's head or 
branch of a stag's. 

perticalis : — a percher candle, 
placed on a crossbeam. 

pertirarius : — a beadle ; an ap- 
paritor. 

perticata: — a square perch . See 
perttca. 

perticia terre : — the same as per- 
ticata. 

perticulus : — a staff; a bat. 

partinentia : — appurtenance. 

pertizona : — distribution of 

alms (?). 
per turn : — a broom. 
pcrula : — a pearl. 
pervisum. See parvisa. 
pesa. See pensa. 
pesagium: — pesage, custom paid 

on weighing goods. 

pesarius : — a weigher. 



pesor: — a weigher, an Exchequer 
officer. 

pessagium. See pesagium. 

pessellum : — a bolt (pessulum). 

pesso, pessona : — mast. 

pessularia : — a stockade. 

pestellus : — a leg of pork. 0. E. 
pestle. 

peta : — peat. 

petagium. See pedagium. 

petalum : — a paving stone. 

petancia. See pietancia . 

petilio, petilla : — a crossbow bolt ; 
a pestle. 

petillarius : — a boltinaker. 

petillium : — a crossbow bolt. 

petitorium : — a claim ; a writ of 

right. 
petra : — a stone weight. 

petraria : — a stone quarry ; an 
engine to cast stones. 

petrmia : — a gun. 

pettum : — a crack of a whip ; a 
report of a gun. 

petulium : — a bolt. 

petulus : — with white feet. 

peytrellum : — a poitrel. 

phalesia: — a cliff »on the sea- 
shore. 

phano : — a banner. 

pheliparius : — a fripperer. 

phila : — a file. 

pki/aterium, phila termini : — a 
phylactery ; an amulet ; a 
reliquary, worn suspended 
from the neck. 

philipparius : — a fripperer. 
phoracra. Seeforacra. 



296 



The Record Interpreter . 



pica : — an index, pyebook ; rules 
for saying divine service ; a 
peck. 

picagiwn, piccagium : — payment 
to the owner of the soil for 
breaking ground to erect 
booths, &c. 

picesium : — a pickaxe. 

picker ia : — a pitcher. 

picker ius : — a fish, perhaps pil- 
chard (dupe a pilckardus), 
but more probably the gilt- 
head (chrysophrgs or sparus 
aurata), called in old French 
picarel, 0. E. cackerell. 

pickoisium, picoisum : — a pick- 
axe. 

pictaciare: — to mend, to patch. 

pictaciarius : — a cobbler. 

pictacio : — painting. 

picture : — to paint. 

pirtellum : — a pightell, or picle, 
a small piece of land, en- 
closed with a hedge. 

picturare : — to paint. 

picula : — pickle. 

pietancia : — a pittance, an addi- 
tion to the usual food in 
collegiate churches or con- 
vents ; the pittance for two 
was given in one plate. 

pietanciaria : — the place where 
pittance is distributed ; the 
office of the pittancer. 

pietantiarius : — a pittancer, an 
officer who distributes the 
pittance. 

piga : — the forearm. 

pightellum. See picteliuni. 

piker el I us: — a pickerel, a small 
pike. 



pil< i : — a pile (heraldic) ; the re- 
verse of a coin. 

pilare : — to drive piles. 

pilarius : — a pillar. 

pilatus : — a blunt arrow, bolt, or 
quarel. 

pileo : — a hatter, a capper (?). 

pilettus : — an arrow with a knob 
at the head. 

pillar e : — to plunder. 

pillar ia : — plunder ; devastation. 

pilleus : — for pileus, a hat. 

pillorium, piloria, pilorium : — a 
pillory. 

pilum : — cloth. 

pilus : — a stake. 

pinacuhmi : — a pinnacle. 

pinca : — a jug; a bodkin; a 
granary. 

pincella : — a pencil. 

pincerna : — a butler ; a cup- 
bearer. 

pincernaria : — a buttery ; the 
office of butler. 

pincernarius : — an officer of the 
buttery. 

pinuare: — to notch ; to cut niches. 

pinsa : — a pestle. 

pinsella : — a brake or braye, a 

kneading machine. 
pitisis : — a grimace. 

pipa : — the great or pipe roll of 
the Exchequer; a pipe of 
wine, two hogsheads. 

piper arius : — a pepperer. 

pipum : — a pipe of wine. 

pira : — an arch of a bridge. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



297 



piralum, piretum : — perry. 

piritegium : — curfew. 

pisa : — a wey. See way a. 

pisaria : — a stock of peas. 

piscaria : — a fishery. 

piscaricea navis : — a fishiDg boat. 

piscenarius : — a fishmonger. 

pischaria : — a fishery. 

piscina : — a small lavatory in a 
church near the altar. 

pistare, pistrinare : — to bake. 

pistrinum : — a bakehouse; part 
of a church, error for 
piscina (?). 

pitacio : — a document ; a letter. 

pitancia, pitencia, &c. See pie- 

tantia, &c. 
placea : — a place ; a plot of 

ground. 
placeum. See plucius. 

placitabilis : — impleadable. 

placitare : — to plead. 

placitatio : — pleading. 

placitator : — a pleader. 

plaeitum: — a plea; obligation 
to attend courts. 

placium: — a piece of flat ground. 

placius : — a plaice (platessa vul- 
garis), 
plada : — a plaice. 

plagiare : — to wound. 

planar e : — to plank. 

planatorium : — a plane. 

planca, plancha :— a plank ; a 
measure of land. 

plane hagium : — planking ; camp- 
sheathing. 

planchera: — ix plank. 



planchia : — a plank. 
planchiare : — to plank. 
planchicium. See plane hagium. 
plancium. See plane hagium. 
planctura : — planking. 
planeta : — a chasuble. 
plangnum : — a plank. 
planicies : — a field (heraldic). 

planula : — staunchegreyne, a 
preparation like pounce, 
used by scriveners. 

planus : — plain, in the sense of 
unornamented. 

plastrare, plastriare: — to plaster. 

plaslrum : — plaster. 

plata : — a flat piece of unwrought 

metal, iDgot. 
platellus : — a platter. 

platera : — an open space (?). 

platiper : — a game played with 

stones. 
platoma : — a metal plate. 

plaustrata : — a wagon-load. 

plaustrum : — usually a wagon, 
but sometimes a two-wheeled 
cart. 

plebania: — a church having sub- 
ordinate chapels ; a parish. 
plebanus : — (adj.) parish. 

plebanus : — a rural dean ; a parish 
priest. 

plecta : — a plait. 

plectrum : — pewter. 

plegagiu?n, plegiagium, pie- 
giatio : — suretj'ship ; pled- 
gery. 

plegiwn, plegius : — a pledge ; 
surety. 

plena rius miles: — fully armed. 



298 



The Record Interpreter. 



plevina: — replevin; bail; surety. 

plostrum. See pJaustrum. 

plumbarius : — a plumber. 

plumbatio : — plumbing 1 . 

plumerus : — a plover (charadrius 
pluvialis or vanellus crista- 
tus). 

pluscula, plustula : — a buckle. 

plutum : — rain. 

pluviale : — a cope. 

pluvina. See plevina. 

pobles : — used for poples. 

pochia : — a pouch; a purse. 

poderis : — an alb, a linen vest- 
ment worn under the chasu- 
ble ; a rochet. 

podium: — anything to lean on; 
a staff ; part of the seat in 
a choir stall. 

podoris. See poderis. 

pwnacius : — purple. 

poltctta, poke Hum : — a pocket. 

pola : — a perch or pole ; a bank ; 
a pool. 

polana, polena : — the pointed toe 
of a shoe ; a pulley-piece, 
armour for the knee. 

polentriticare : — to sift flour. 

polttarius : — a poulterer. 

poletria : — poultry. 

poletta : — a pullet. 

poliandrum: — a grave, a grave- 
stone. 
polimitarius : — a stainer. 

politriidinare : — to boult flour. 

pollardns : — a pollard, bad mo- 
ney, used in the 13th cen- 
tury. 



pollex : — an inch. 

poltarium : — poultry. 

poltarius : — a poulterer or keeper 
of fowls. 

polteria : — poultry. 

polus :— an axle. 

pomacium : — apple-moss, a dish 
made of stewed apples ; 
cider. 

pomellatus : — dappled. 

pomellum, pomelum : — a pommel ; 
a boss. 

pompina : — a kitchen. 

pondayium : — poundage. 

ponderare : — to weigh. 

ponderatio : — pesage. 

ponderator: — a pesour, weigher, 
an officer in the Exchequer. 

pondus : — a pound, a pinfold. 

pontayium : — tax for repairs of a 
bridge ; toll taken on a 
bridge. 

pontarius : — a bridgemaker or 
bridge keeper. 

pontifex : — a bishop ; a pope. 

pontificalia : — episcopal vest- 
ments. 

pontijicalibusj in : — under stole. 

pontificatus : — bishopric ; pope- 
dom. 

pontonayium : — bridge toll. 

pontum : — used for punctum. 

popinator: — a tippler, i.e., an 
alehouse keeper or a drinker. 

porr.a terra : — a balk of land. 

pore aria : — a pigsty. 

porcarius, porcalor : — a swine- 
herd. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



299 



porcellatus : — born (of pigs). 

porchettus : — a porker, a little 
pig. 

porchia : — a porch. 

porkaria : — a pigsty. 

porpecia, porpesius: — a porpoise 
(phoccena communis). 

porportum : — purport. 

portabilis : — portable. 

portagium : — toll taken at a gate ; 
porterage ; wear and tear. 

portamentum : — behaviour. 

portaria : — the office of porter. 

portarius : — a porter. 

porlatio : — the entry of a bishop 
into his cathedral town ; 
bearing arms. 

portator : — a porter. 

por tutus : — carriage. 

portella : — a small gate ; a basket ; 
a reliquary. 

portgrevius : — a portreeve. 

porticulus : — a truncheon. 

portions : — an apse or porch, not 
a peristyle as in classical 
Latin. 

portiforium : — a breviary. 

portimotus. See portmota. 

portionarius : — a joint holder of 
a benefice. 

portmota : — a portmote, a court 

held in towns. 
poms : — a pore. 
positio : — an impost ; a tax. 
posse (subst.) : — power. 
possessionatus : — in possession of. 
post a : — a station ; a post. 



postarum, magister : —Master of 

the Post. 
postdisseisina : — postdisseisin. 

postela : — a crupper. 

poster gar e :-^to leave behind, to 
abandon. 

posterna : — a postern gate. 

posterula, posticum: — a postern 
gate. 

postilla : — a homily. 

postillare :— to interpret, to com- 
ment on. 

postorellus : — a name given to 
robbers in Gascony, temp. 
Edw. II. 

postsellium : — the hinder part of 
a saddle. 

postulare : — to transfer a man in 
possession of or elect of an 
episcopal see, to another. 

potagium : — pottage ; a tax on 
drink. 

potata : — a pot or pottle. 
potellum : — a pottle, two quarts. 
poteria : — pottery ; a pottery. 

potestas : — a king, chief ruler, or 

magistrate. 
poticarius. For apothecarius. 
potionare : — to poison. 
potissare : — to sip. 
pottarius : — a potter. 
pottata : — a pot or pottle. 
potius : — a pot. 
poiura :— pasture ; drink. 
poudratus : — powdered ; salted. 
poutura. See potura. 
poteen a tins : — a garment of cloth. 

praciisare, praetizare : — to prac- 
tise. 

prtebenda : — commons ; a pre- 
bend ; provender. 



300 



The Record Interpreter. 



prcebendarius : — a prebendary. 

preceptor : — an officer of the 
knights of the Temple. 

prcecantare : — to sing before- 
hand. 

prceceptoria : — the benehce as- 
signed to the office of 
prseceptor. 

processor : — vanguard. 

prcecipitaria : — a battering ram. 

prceconia : — superiority ; fame. 

prceconisare : — to foresee ; to 
foretell ; to proclaim. 

praconsa : — some vestment. 

prcevontestis : — a previous fellow- 
witness. 

prcefectus : — a mayor. 

prceferentia : — preference ; the 
right of receiving firstfruits. 

prceferrementum : — a preroga- 
tive ; a privilege. 

prcelata : — an abbess. 

prcelatia : — ecclesiastical dignity. 

preelatus : — a magistrate ; a 
bishop ; an abbot or abbess ; 
a prior or prioress. 

prcelibare: — to mention before. 

prcemastirare : — to discuss 
beforehand. 

prcemiabilis : — deserving of re- 
ward. 

praemunire : — to cite (for prcemo- 
nere). 

praposilura : — a reeveship, con- 
stableship ; a district under 
the jurisdiction of such an 
officer. 

propositus : — a provost ; a con- 
81 able or reeve ; a warden 
(of a church) ; a bailiff ; the 
piiurof a Benedictine Abbey. 



prcemgativa : — prerogative. 

prcesellum : — a saddle bow. 

prcesentare : — to present. 

pr essentia : — a present, a gift. 

prcesentialiter : — immediately ; in 
presence of ; as a gift. 

pros tare : — to let. 

prcestitum : — an advance of 
money. 

prasul : — a chief ; a bishop ; an 
abbot ; a judge. 

prcesulatus : — a bishopric ; an 
abbacy. 

prama : — a prame, i.e., a barge 
or lighter. 

pramo : — a bargee. 

precaria, precarium : — a request 
by a lord to his tenant for 
aid or tax ; extra service 
performed by tenants in 
ploughing and harvest, 
boonday, benewerk. See 
bedrepium. 

precentaria : — precentorship. 

precentor : — a precentor, a 

chanter. 
precipitaria : — a battering ram. 
precis. See precaria. 
preciunt : — they cost. 
preco : — a crier. 
precula : — a rosary. 
premorium : — a primer. 
prenticius : — an apprentice. 
prenum : — a press for wine, &c. 
prephatia : — used for prcef a tio. 
presbyter : — a priest. 
presbyterayium : — the income of 

a parish priest. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



301 



presbyteratus : — priesthood. 

presbyterium : — priesthood ; a 
presbytery ; the choir of a 
church. 

presentum : — a present, a gift. 

primitiare : — to begin. 

princeps : — a prince. 

principalium : — an heirloom; a 
mortuary. 

principatus : — principality. 

principissa : — a princess. 

principium burgi :— a town hall. 

prior : — a monastic officer, next 
to the abbot in an abbey, 
head of a priory. 

prior atus : — a priory. 

priorissa : — a prioress. 

prisa: — a prize; booty; a fine; 
prisage. 

prisagium : — prisage, a share of 
prizes ; a right of taking 
prizes ; a duty on wine and 
provisions. 

prisalia : — reprisals. 

prisia : — prisage. 

priso : — a prisoner of war ; a 
prison ; imprisonment. 

prisona : — a prison. 

prisonare : — to keep in prison. 

prisonarius : — a prisoner. 

privatus : — privy. 

privicarnium : — fasting ; Lent. 

privilegiare: — to grant a privi- 
lege to. 

proaula : — a porch. 

probare : — used for propriare. 

probations: — connected with 
sheep. 



probator : — an accuser ; an ap- 
prover. 

probatum : — a sheep. 

probi homines : — good men, an 
elected body of citizens 
forming a co mm on council. 

proceres : — ornamental heads of 
beams on house fronts. 

Processio : — Rogation week. 

processionale : — a book containing 
directions for and music to 
be used in processions, the 
service for gangdays, lita- 
nies, or intercessions. 

proclamatori—a crier; in the 
Court of Common Pleas, 
proclamator. 

proconsul : — a justice in eyre. 

procuratio : — procuration, a pay- 
ment, originally in victuals, 
by the inferior clergy to 
bishop or archdeacon at 
visitations ; a proxy ; neces- 
saries, as food and clothing ; 
a meal. 

procurator : — a proctor. 
procuratorium : — procurator^ ; a 

proxy. 
proditio : — treason. 
proditionaliter : — treasonably. 
profectus : — profit. 
profestum : — the eve of a feast. 
projicuum : — profit. 

pro/rum : — profer, time ap- 
pointed tor officers to make 
their accounts. 

promarius : — a waiter. 

promtorium, promptuarium : — a 

buttery ; a storehouse. 

propalare : — to publish. 



302 



The Record Interpreter. 



propars, propartia : — pourparty, 
purparty. 

prop he tare : — to prophecy. 
propiare. See propriare. 
propina : — salutation. 

proportare : — to purport ; to 
show. 

proportatio : — a verdict ; a de- 
claration. 

proportionabiliter : — proportion- 

ally. 
proportionare : — to divide. 

proportionatio : — proportion. 

proportum : — purport. 

proprestura :— the 12th century 
form of purprestura. 

propriare : — to claim ; to appro- 
priate ; to make fit for use ; 
to grind (of tooln). 

propriatio : — appropriation. 

propriator : — an impropriator. 

proprietarius : — a proprietor. 

propunctum : — a doublet. 

proretha : — a master of a ship. 

prosecutor : — a prosecutor ; a 
pursuivant. 

prostrare : — to throw down. 

protocollum : — a preface ; a 
charter. 

protoforestarius : — a chief 
forester. 

protonotarius, protonotator : — a 
prothonotary. 

protractura : — drawing a picture 
before colouring. 

providentia : — provision. 

provisio : — a grant by the Pope 
of the succession to a bene- 
fice. 



provisor : — a purveyor. 

psalterium : — a psalter. 

puca : — a gown. 0. E. pewke. 

pucellagium : — maidenhood. 

pucha : — a pouch. 

puchea : — a pouch. 

piicio : — a child. 

puctura. See putura. 

puellayium. See pullagium. 

pugnalis : — the size of a fist. 

pugnata : — a handful. 

pulcinus : — a chicken. 

puletarium : — a poultry yard. 

puletarius : — a poulterer. 

pullagium : — a tax or rent paid 
in fowls. 

puJIanus : — a foal. 

pullarius : — an officer of the royal 

household in charge of the 

poultry. 

pullenata : — a mare which has 
foaled. 

pulletarius : — a poulterer. 

pulletria : — poultry. 

pullelrus : — a foal. 

pulliolus, pullus : — a young 
horse. 

pulo : — a foal. 

pulsar e : — to accuse ; to ring* a 
bell. 

pulsatio : — bell ringing. 

pultrella : — a filly. 

pultura : — poultry. 

pulveris, pulverisati pedis, curia : — 
Court of Piepowder. 

pulvis tormentarius : — gun- 
powder. 

pulverizare : — to powder. 

pumata : — a handful. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



303 



punctum : — the fourth or fifth 

part of an hour. 
pundfalda : — a pound, a pinfold. 
pundo : — a pinder. 
punfauda. See pundfalda. 
puniata : — a handful. 
punicare : — to paint red. 
punio. See punzunus . 

puntum : — a point ; the chape 
of a scabbard. 

punzunus : — a punshion, stud or 
quarter, an upright timber 
used in building houses. 

pur alia : — purlieu. 

pur are : — to clear (ground). 

purcachium, purchacia : — pur- 
chase, acquisition. 

purcivandus : — a poursuivant. 

pur g actum : — purchase. 

purila : — the tip of the nose. 

purportare : — to extend. 

purportum : — purport. 

purprestura: — pourpresture, en- 
croachment. 

purprisa, purprisum : — an en- 
closure. 

purpunctus : — a doublet. (Fr. 
pourpoint. ) 

putacius : — a polecat. 

putagium : — fornication. 

putura : — food for cattle, &c. ; 
food for men, horses, and 
hounds, exacted by officers 
of a forest from the in- 
habitants ; timber. 

pyrgus : — a dice-box. 

pyritegium : — curfew. 

pyxis : — a pyx, a casket to con- 
tain the Host. 



Q. 



quaccum : — cream. 

quachetus : — a sort of bread used 
in Scotland. 

quae turn : — cream. 

quadra : — a square loaf ; a 
quarter of a loaf. 

quadragena : — forty ; a period of 
forty days. 

quadragesima : — Lent. 

quadragesimalia : — Easter offer- 
ings ; or a rate paid in their 
stead. 

quadrans : — a farthing. 

quadrantata : — the quarter of an 
acre, a farthingdeal. 

quadraria : — a quarel or quarry 
of glass ; a stone quarry. 

quadrellus : — a quarel, a square- 
headed bolt ; a carrell, a 
small chamber for study in 
the cloister of a monastery. 

quadrigarius : — wide enough for 
a waggon. 

quadriporticus : — a peristyle. 

qucesta : — an indulgence ; a tax. 

qucestabilis : — taxable. 

qucBstionarius : — a collector of 
alms; a seller of indulgences. 

qucestus : — acquired by purchase. 

qualificare : — to entitle; to de- 
scribe. 

qualus : — a thead, a strainer used 
in brewiug. 

quarellus. See quadrellus. 

quarentena: — quarentine, a space 
of forty days ; Lent ; a shot 
or shute, i.e., a square fur- 
long, a space of 40 perches. 



304 



The Record Interpreter. 



quarrera : — a stone quarry. 

quarrerius : — a stonecutter. 

quarruria : — a stone quarry. 

quarta : — a quart. 

quartale: — a quart. 

quartarium : — a quarter of corn. 

quartarius terra : — eight acres. 

qiwrtenarius : — suffering from 
quartan ague. 

quarteragium : — quarterage, 
quarterly payment. 

quarteria : — a quarter of land. 

quarterisare : — to cut into four 
quarters. 

quarter ium : — a quarter ; a soam 
of corn. 

quarteriziitio : — quartering, part 
of the p unishment of treason . 

quaternum : — a quire. 

quarteronus : — a quarter ; a 
quarter of a hundredweight, 

quartilatus : — divided into four 
parts. 

quartus : — a quart. 

quassare : — to annul, to quash. 

quassillarius : — a pedlar. 

quaternio, quaternum : — a folded 
sheet of paper (Fr. cahier) ; 
a quire. 

quaternis, in : — in quarto. 

quaterno, in : — in quarto. 

quatriplicare : — to quadruple. 

quaxillarius : — a pedlar. 

quentesia : — a device. 

querela : — a party ; a faction ; a 
fine. 

querquera : — ague. 



querraria : — a quarry. 

querulare : — to complain. 

questa : — an inquest or inquisi- 
tion. 

questionarius : — a palmer. 0. E. 
" quistron." 

quieta clamancia or clamatio : — a 
quitclaim. 

quieiantia : — an acquittance ; 
abandonment ; immunity. 

quietare:— to quit ; to acquit. 

quietatio : — exemption, dis- 
charge, acquittance. 

quiete, quietum rlamare : — to quit 
claim, to renounce. 

quietus : —freed, acquitted, quit. 

quietus redditus : — quit rent. 

quindecia. See quindena. 

quindena : — a quinzaine, fifteen 
days. 

quinio : — a bundle of five ; a 
sheet made of five leaves. 

quintale, quintallus : — a weight 
used for metals, &c, vary- 
ing from 96 lbs. to 120 lbs. 

quintana : — Quintaine, the first 
Sunday in Lent. 

quintena : — the game called quin- 
tain. 

quinterna : — a cittern. 

quirea: — the hounds' reward at 
the death of a stag (Fr. 
curee) ; a cuirass ; some- 
thing connected with a cart. 

quirinarium : — a quintain. 

quisinum :— a cushion. 

quitancia : — an acquittance ; a 
quittance ; a discharge. 

quittacio. See quitancia. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



305 



quittare : — to acquit ; to remit. 

quorespondens : — used for corre- 
spondents. 

quota : — a share ; a tax to be 
levied equally. 

quota litis : — a bribe received by 
a judge. 

quotare : — to divide into chap- 
ters ; to repeat ; to mark. 

quotator : — a chronicler. 

quyschenus : — a cushion. 



E. 

racenius : — raisin. 

racetus : — erased. 
racha. See ragana. 
rachaptare : — to ransom. 

rachatum : — compensation ; ran- 
som ; relief. 
rachetare : — to ransom. 

rachetum. See rachatum. 

radiatus: — rayed, striped; ray, 

a striped cloth. 
ragana : — a ray (raia clavata) or 

a skate (raia batis). 

raglorium : — the jurisdiction of a 

raglotus. 
raglorius, raglotus : — a steward. 

(Welsh, rhaglaw.) 

ralla : — a rail ; a thin tunic. 

ramia, ramilla, ramilia : — twigs. 

rangeator : — a ranger. 

rapa : — a rape, a division of a 
county, especially Sussex. 

rapagulum : — railing. 

rappus. See rapa. 
rapum:— rape (crime). 

M. 



rapus. See rapa. 

rasa : — a rase, a measure of corn ; 
land requiring a rase of seed. 

rasare : — to scrape, to rase. 
raseria. See rasa, 
rasorium : — a razor. 
rastillare : — to rake. 
rastillum : — a rake. 
rastrare : — to rake. 
rastura : — shaving. 
rasurus : — a razor. 
rata : — an agreement ; a share ; 
a rate. 

rati/icare: — to ratify, to confirm. 
ratijicatio : — ratification. 

ratihabere : — to confirm. 

rationale : — a peculiar form of 
the pontifical pallium. 

ratis : — error for crates (?). 

rato : — a rat. 

ratula : — a landrail (crex pra- 
tensis). 

ratus : — a rat. 

rauba : — a robe. 

raubare : — to rob. 

raubaria : — robbery. 

raucisonare : — to speak hoarsely. 

ray us : — a ray or skate (raia 
clavata or batis). 

reafforestare : — to make land into 
a forest after it has been 
disafforested. 

realis : — royal. 

reattachiamentum : — a reattach- 
ment of one who has been 
dismissed the court. 

rebroccator ; — a cobbler. 

recaptio : — taking a second dis- 
tress. 



306 



The Record Interpreter. 



recatiare : — to restore. 

recatum : — relief. 

reccare : — to rack wine, to draw 
it off the lees. 

reccus : — wine thus treated. (Fr. 
vin raque.) 

recepta : — receipt ; receiving in 
the sense of harbouring. 

receptamentum : — receiving; en- 
tertainment. 

receptare, recettare: — to harbour; 
to entertain. 

rechaciare : — to drive out ; to 
separate gold or silver from 
the ore. 

rechatum. See rachatum. 

recidiva : — retribution. 

recidivare : — to fall back. 

recitare : — to revoke. 

reckus. See reccus. 

rectus a : — an inclosure ; an an- 
choress. 

reclusagium : — a cell. 

rec.lusorium : — a cell ; a pound 
or pinfold. 

reclusus : — an anchorite. 

reclutare : — to reglue (reglu- 
tinare). 

recognitio : — acknowledgment ; 
recognizance ; recognition. 

recognitor : — one who enters into 
a recognizance ; a juror im- 
panelled on an assize ; a re- 
cognisor, recognitor. 

recognoscere : — to acknowledge ; 
to take cognizance of. 

recokillatus : — curled. (Fr. re~ 
coquilU.) 

recollecta : — gathering ; .harvest. 



recommenda : — recommendation. 

recompensare : — to repay, to re- 
compense. 

recordator : — a recorder. 

recordum : — a record; a memo- 
rial. 

recreantisa : — recreancy. 

recredencia : — recreance, a provi- 
sional possession given to 
one of the parties till a suit 
be determined. 

recta : — right ; jurisdiction. 

rectare : — to set straight ; to cite, 
to accuse. 

rectitudo : — right in the sense of 
compensation. 

rector : — the rector of a parish, 
or college. 

rectoria : — a rectory ; a rector's 
house. 

recuperamen : — a recovery. 

recuperare : — (subst.) recovery. 

recuperatio : — a recovery. 

recussorium : — a hammer. 

recusum : — rescue. 

reddare: — to clean, to scour (a 
river). 

redditarium : — a rental. 

redditarius : — a renter. 

redditualis : —rent (adj.). 

redditus : — rent. 

redditus assises or assisus : — rent 
of assise. 

red mptio : — ransom. 

redimere: — to ransom, to pur- 
chase the freedom of ; some- 
times, to set free for a 
ransom. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



307 



redisseisina : — redisseisin. 

reditus, Sec See redditus. 

re/are : — to rob, to deprive. 

rejector arius : — a caterer ; a re- 
fectorer, refectioner. 

refectorium : — a refectory, fratry 
or frater ; a dining-hall. 

refeoffare : — to enfeoff again. 

refer endarius : — an officer who 
exhibits petitions to the 
king, Master of the Re- 
quests. 

refletum : — an osier bed. 

refollum : — the outlet of a pond; 
an overflow. 

refortiuncula : — a fortress. 

refullum. See refollum. 

refutancia. See refutatio. 

refutatio : — a quittance, a receipt. 

rega terrce : — a measure of land 
in Guienne. (Fr. rege.) 

regale, regalia: — royalty; the 
temporal rights of a bishop ; 
some kingly ornament, that 
used by Henry III. was of 
white " diaspre " or silk. 

regalitas : — royalty. 

regardare : — to examine, to in- 
spect ; to regard. 

regardator : — the regarder of a 
forest. 

regardere. See regardare. 

regardor. See regardator. 

regardum : — the regard, or in- 
spection of a forest ; the 
extent of the regarder's 
charge ; the impost levied 
by him ; a reward. 

regardus. See regardator. 



rege et regina, ludus de : — chess. 

regestum : — a register ; a book- 
marker ; a safe for jewels, 
&c. 

regis trare : — to register. 

regis trarius : — a registrar. 

registrum.'. — a register ; a book- 
marker. 

regrataria : — sale by retail. 

regratarius : — one who buys to 
resell in the same market, 
a regrator. 

regratiare : — to give thanks. 

regrator. See regratarius. 

reguardum, &c. See regardum. 

regula : — a reglet, a narrow flat 
moulding. 

regular e : — to rule ; to rule lines. 

regular e: — an instrument used 
in the mint. 

regularis : — belonging to a 
monastic order. 

regulus : — a prince ; an earl. 

regwardum. See regardum. 

rehabilitate : — restoration to for- 
mer ability. 

reia : — a swathe, a row. 

reintrare : — to re-enter. 

reintratio : — re-entry. 

reisa : — a journey ; a campaign. 

rejunctio : — a rejoinder. 

relaxare : — to release. 

relaxatio : — a release ; relief. 

relevamen, relevatio, relevium : — 
relief, a payment to the lord 
by a feudal tenant on enter- 
ing his fief. 

religio : — a religious order. 
x2 



308 



The Record Interpreter. 



religiosus : — a member of such 
an order. 

rella : — ray, striped cloth. 

remanentia : — remainder. 

remasilia vaccarum : — cowdung. 

remedium : — recreation. 

remembrancia : — remembrance. 

rememoratio : — a remembrance. 

rememorator : — a remembrancer. 

remissus : — careless. 

remocium : — rowing. 

remuabilis : — removeable. 

remulus : — a rudder, an imple- 
ment used in mixing malt. 

renga : — a belt ; a baldric. 
rengia, rengiata: — a strip of land. 
rengum : — a rank ; a row. 
reno : — a short cloak, usually fur. 
rentale : — a rental ; a rent-roll. 

rentarius : — a renter, a tenant 
paying rent. 

reparium: — a fortified place; a 
harbour (for deer) ; repair, 
i.e. recourse, visit. 

repassagium : — return. 

repassare : — to return. 

repastum : — a repast, a meal. 

repatriare : — to return to one's 
country. 

repausare : — to nourish; to be 
still, to repose ; to make 
still. 

repeciare : — to patch. 

repellare : — to repeal. 

repellum : — repeal. 

reperium. See reparium. 



replacitare : — to plead what was 
pleaded before. 

replegiabilis : — replevisable, bail- 
able. 

replegiamentum : — replevin. 

replegiare: — to redeem by giving 
surety ; to replevy. 

reportagium : — carrying back. 

reportare : — to report. 

reportus : — report. 

reprisa : — deduction. 

reprisale: — taking one thing in 
satisfaction for another, re- 
prisal. 

reprisare : — to remit ; to deduct. 

reragia. See arreragium. 

resaisire. See reseisire. 

rescuere: — to rescue. 

rescussa, rescussto : — recovery ; 
rescue ; attack. 

rescussor : — a rescuer. 

rescussura : — rescue. 

rescussus : — rescue. 

rescutire : — to rescue. 

reseaniia : — residence. 

reseisire : — to retake lands into 
the king's hand ; to replace 
in seisin. 

resiantia, resiantisa : — residence. 

residensurus : — about to reside. 

resolvere : — to pay. 

resortire : — to be in the jurisdic- 
tion of ; to revert; to resort to. 

resortum : — the jurisdiction of a 
court ; return. 

respecta : — respite. 

respectare, respectuare : — to re- 
spite. 
respectus : — respite. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



309 



respiciatus : — considered ; de- 
creed. 

respiciens : — reguardant (heral- 
dic). 

respicium : — respite. 

responsalis : — one who answers 
for another in court. 

restare : — to arrest. For ares- 
tare. 

restaur amentum : — restocking. 

restaur are : — to repair ; to re- 
store ; to restock. 

restaurus : — reparation ; store. 
resummonire: — to summon again. 
resummonitio : — resummons. 
retabulum. See retrotabula. 
retallia, retallium : — retail. 
retare. See rectare. 
retenementum : — withholding. 
retentio, retinentia : — retinue. 
retiaculum : — a small net. 
retinementum : — withholding. 
retirare : — to retire. 
retondarius : — a clipper of coin. 
retonsura : — clipping. 
retorna : — return of writs, &c. 
retomare : — to return. 
retornus : — profit ; return. 
retracta : — withdrawal. 

retrocomitatus : — rier-county, a 
place appointed by the 
sheriff for receipt of the 
king's money, after the close 
of the county court. 

retrofeudum : — a mesne fee or 
mesne tenure. 

retrogarda : — a rearguard. 

retropannagium : — pannage from 
Martinmas to Candlemas. 



retrotabula, retrotabulum : — a 
retable, a shelf above an 
altar or a frame on such a 
shelf. 

retrovenda :— a sum paid on pur- 
chasing an estate in addi- 
tion to the price. 

retta. See recta. 

ret turn : — a charge, an accusa- 
tion. 

returna, Sfc. See retorna, Sfc. 

reugia : — a measure of land 
(error for rengia (?) ). 

revella, revelles : — revels. 

revelus : — a pedlar. 

reventio : — revenue. 

reversatus : — turned inside out. 

reversio : — reversion, the right 
of succession. 

revestiarium : — vestry ; sacristy. 

r eves tire : — to reinfeoff. 

revestitorium : — a vestry. 

revestitura : — putting into pos- 
session again. 

revolus : — a pedlar. 

rewardum. See regardum. 

rewennio : — rennet. 

reysa : — a journey ; a campaign. 

ribaldus : — a light-armed soldier; 
a rogue, a vagrant. 

ribinare : — to bank up (?). 

ridare : — to clean. 

ridellus : — a curtain. 

ridmicus {rhythmicus) : — in 
metre ; in rhyme. 

rifflare : — to take away by force ; 

to plunder. 
riffletum : — an osier bed. 



310 



The Record Interpreter . 



riffiura : — plunder. See also 
ruffiura. 

nga : — a ridge. 

rima : — rhyme. 

rimayium'. — error for rivia- 
gium (?). 

ringa : — a soldier's belt. 

ringeldus, ringildus\ — a bailiff. 
(Welsh rhingyll.) 

ringildria : — office of ringildus. 

rinsura : — washing. 
riot a : — a riot. 
riotosus : — riotous. 

riottum : — a riot. 

riparia : — water flowing be- 
tween banks. 

riparius : — one who conveys fish 
from the coast to inland 
towns. 

ripator : — a reaper. 
risa : — rice. 

rismus : — rhyme. 

ritare. See rectare. 

rivagium : — toll taken on rivers 
for the passage of boats, or 
on the shore for landing 
goods. 

rivaria : — a river bank. 

riveare, riviare : — to fish and 
fowl on a river ; to have 
the right of doing so. 

riviagium : — the above - men- 
tioned right. See also riva- 
gium. 

river a : — a river. 

rivola : — a stream, a rivulet. 
rixa : — rice. 
roba : — a robe. 
robare : — to rob. 



robaria : — robbery. 

roba tor, roberator : — a robber. 

roberia : — robbery. 

robigalia : — Rogation week. 

roborare : — to confirm. 

robur .-—often means a dead oak 
for firewood, while quereus 
is used for a live one, to be 
cut down for timber. 

rocca : — a spinning rock, or 
distaff. 

rochea : — a roach. 

rochet turn : — a rochet, a frock of 
white lawn without or with 
tight sleeves. 

rochia, roahus : — a roach (leucis- 
cus rutilus). 

rocus :— a rook or castle at chess. 

roda: — a perch, 16£ feet; a 
rood, a quarter of an acre. 

rodata : — a quarter of an acre. 

rogationes : — public prayers or 
processions. 

rogatorium : — an almonry. 

roga tortus : — a beggar ; an 
almoner. 

rogus :— a pile of wood ; a 

beacon ; a rogue. 
rolla : — a roll. 

rollagium :— rolling ; money paid 
therefor. 

rollare : — to enrol ; to roll. 
rolliare : — to roll. 

romancium :— -a French book ; a 

romance. 
Romano, in : — in French. 
romea : — a room. 

romipeta :— one who has ap- 
pealed unto Rome. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



311 



roncalis, roncaria. See runcalis. 

rondella : — a roundel. 

ropa : — a rape, a division of a 
county. 

rosa, rosarius : — base money im- 
ported from abroad in the 
reign of Edw. I. A penny 
of base money in Q. Mary's 
reign bears a rose instead of 
the Queen's head ; a rosette. 

rosaium vinum : — vin rosetique 
from Nerac in Gascony. 

rosera auca : — a species of wild 
goose. 

roserellum : — a rosary (?), a 
rosette (?). 

rosetum : — a rushy place ; thatch. 

rossinum : — rosin. 

rossus : — red. 

rotabulum : — a firefork. 

rotagium : — wheelage, toll on 
wheeled vehicles. 

rotarius : — a soldier ; a robber ; 
a wheelwright. 

rotula : — a roll ; a rowel ; a 
mullet (heraldic) ; a candle. 

rotulare : — to turn round ; to 
enrol. 

rotularius : — a notary ; a secre- 
tary. 

rotulus : — a roll. 

routdy routum: — a rout; an un- 
lawful assembly. 

rubbosa : — rubbish. 

rubea, rubettus, rubetus : — a ruby. 

rubiyinator : — a furbisher. 

rubius : — red. 

rubrica : — a rubric. 

rubrivella : — a little rubric. 



rucha. See rutta. 
rucillaria : — a skep (?) ; same as 
ruscatia (?). 

ruder a : — rubbish. 
ruellum : — a taper. 
rufflura : — a scratch. 
minus : — ruinous. 



rumagium 



rummaging, un- 



loading a ship. 

rumigerulus : — bearer of tidings. 

rumphea : — a dart. 

runagium : — error for rivia- 
gium (?). 

runcalis, runcaria: — land over- 
grown with brambles, &c. 

runcilus, runcinus : — a draught- 
horse, or pack-horse. 

runsus. See runcilus. 

ruptarius : — a husbandman ; a 
mercenary soldier ; a robber. 

ruptura : — arable land. 

rusca : — a skep ; a hive. 

ruscatia : — a place where broom 

grows. 
ruscubardum : — some kind of 

broom. 

ruscum : — filth ; gorse. 

russetus : — russet. 

russus : — red. 

rusticus : — used as the opposite 
to liber in the 12th century. 

ruta. See routa, rutta. 

rutta : — a troop of mercenary 
soldiers. 



S. 

sabaia : — small beer. 
sabbatarius : — a Jew. 



312 



The Record Interpreter. 



sabbatis dies : — Saturday. 

sabbatum : — sometimes means 
peace. 

sabelinus : — (adj.) of sable fur. 

sabellum, sabelum : — a sable 
(mustela zibellina). 

saber: — (adj.) rough; (subst.) 

gravel. 
sablinus. See sabelinus. 

sablona : — sand. 

sahlonare : — to strew with sand. 

sabracia : — sabras, a mixture 
used in dressing parch- 
ment. 

sabulonarium : — a gravel pit ; 
liberty to dig gravel, and 
money paid for the same. 

saca : — sac, a lord's right of 
holding a court for pleas of 
trespass among his tenants. 

saccare : — to pack. 
saccha. See saca. 
saccinus : — wearing sackcloth ; a 
monk. 

sacculus : — a satchel ; a hood. 
saccus : — a sack ; a cloak. 
sacellarius : — a keeper of a purse. 

sacer : — a female saker falcon 
(falco sacer), the male being 
called a sakerett ; a cannon, 
of various sizes. 

sacramentalis : — a compurgator. 

sacrarium : — a small lavatory 
near the altar in a church. 

sacrifugus : — some trade. 

sacrista : — a sacristan ; a sexton. 

sacristaria, sacristia: — a sacristy 
or sextry. 

scecularis: — not belonging to a 
monastic order. 



saenna : — a seine net ; a fishery. 

saga: — say, fine serge. 
sagemannus. See sagibaro. 

sagena. See saenna. 

sagibaro : — an elder, a judge. 

sagimen : — fat, lard. 

saginarius. See sagmarius. 

sagitta : — an arrow ; the shaft of 
a cart ; a small swift ship. 

sagittamen : — a stock of arrows. 

sagittaria : — a small swift ship. 

Sagittarius : — a bowman ; a 
fletcher ; a shafter, i.e., the 
horse next the cart in a 
team. 

sagma : — a soam. See summa. 

sagmarius : — a packhorse. 
sagmen : — fat, lard. 
sagum : — say, fine serge. 
saio : — a tipstaff. 
saisio : — season. 
saisire, &c. See seisire. 
saisona : — season. 

sala : — a hall. 
salare : — to salt. 
solaria. See solarium. 

solar iare : — to ebb. 

solarium : — a saltcellar ; pay, 
salary. 

salcia : — a sausage. 

salina : — a salt pit ; a tax on salt. 

salinare : — to salt. 

salinarius : — a Salter. 

satire : — to salt. 
salitus : — salted. 

salix : — active. 

salma : — a seam of corn, 8 bushels. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



313 



salsa : — a salt marsh ; seasalt ; 
sauce. 

salsaria, salseria : — a salt pit ; 
the saucery, an office in the 
royal household. 

salsarium : — a saltcellar ; a 
saucer; a measure of dry 
goods. 

salsarius : — the officer in charge 
of the saucery, " le sauser." 

salsatio, salsatum : — salting. 

salsea : — sauce. 

salsinia, salsutia : — a sausage. 

saltatorium : — a deer leap, a 
leapyeat ; a stirrup ; a 
saltire. 

alteria : — a salt house ; a saltery. 

salterium : — used for psalterium. 

saltorium, salturum. See sal- 
tatorium. 

salutia, salutium : — a salute, a 
French gold coin of the 
15th century, with the 
Annunciation or Salutation 
on the obverse, weight 60 
grains Troy, coined also by 
Henry V. and Henry VI. 

salvagardia : — safeguard, safe 
keeping. 

salvagina : — deer ; venison. 

salvagiwm : — salvage. 

salvagius : — wild, savage. 

salvistrum : — saltpetre. 

salvus conductus : — a safe con- 
duct. 

samba : — a cittern. 

samictum, samitum : — samite, 
rich silk cloth, often woven 
with silver or gold. 

samo : — a salmon {salmo salar). 



sanctimonialis : — a nun. 

sanctuarium : — a sanctuary ; 
consecrated ground. . 

sandax : — madder (sandix). 

sandalium : — cendal or sendal. 

sanguinarius : — a bloodhound. 

sanna : — derision. 

saponarius : — a soap maker. 

sappus : — sap ; moisture. 

sarabaitce : — men calling them- 
selves monks, who belong to 
no rule. 

sarabarda : — a pilgrim's cloak, 
O.E.,8laveyne ; coarsecloth. 

sarclare : — to weed, to hoe. 

sarclo : — a hoe. 

sarculare. See sarclare. 

sarculatura : — a day's work at 
weeding. 

sargens. See serviens. 

sargia : — serge ; a mat. 

sargire : — to sift. 

sarkellus : — an engine for catch- 
ing fish. 

sarpeleria : — packing wool. 

sarpilarium : — coarse cloth ; a 
cloak of such material. 

sarplare : — a sarpler of wool, 
half a sack ; in France, 
larger than a sack. 

sarplerium. See sarpilarium ; 
sarplare. 

sarracum : — a tumbrel, a dung 

cart. 
sarrator : — a sawyer. 
sartare : — to clear ground of 

wood, &c. See assartare. 
sartatectum : — thatch. 
sartor : — a tailor. 



314 



The Record Interpreter. 



sartor turn, : — a tailor's shop ; a 
room in a monastery where 
the clothes were made. 

sartrinum. See sartorium. 

sartum : — woodland brought into 
cultivation. See assartum. 

satiare : — to impound. 

saticulum : — a seedlip. 

satifiare : — to ratify. 

satitolum : — a seedlip. 

satorium : — a seedlip, or basket 
used in sowing. 

satrinum: — a bakehouse. 

saugma, sauma : — a soam. See 
summa. 

saurus : — a hawk until her first 
moult. 

sausaria : — a saucer. 

savagina. See salvagina. 

savina : — a measure. In some 
cases perhaps an error for 
savgma. 

saxifragium : — a stone quarry. 

say sire, Sfc. See seisire, Sfc. 

sayum : — serge ; silk (?). 

scabinus : — the wardens of the 
town of Lynne were so 
called. (Fr. echevin.) 

scaccarium: — a chessboard; the 
Exchequer. 

scacci : — chessmen. 

scaccifieare : — to play chess. 

scachia : — the body of a tally. 

scajila : — a boat. 

scala : — a goblet ; a scale for 
weighing. 

scalar mm : — a staircase. 

scaldrUi \ — a scalding house. 



scalera, scaleria, scalerna : — a 
stile (?). 

scaling a : — a slate quarry. 

scambium, scambum. See escam- 
bia. 

scamella : — a butcher's block or 
stall. 

scamellum : — a bench or stool 
(scabellum). 

scamnarium : — a banker, a carpet 
or cloth to cover a bench. 

scandalum : — prejudicial report ; 
scandal. 

scangium. See escambia. 

scansile : — a stirrup. 

scansillum :— <-a stile. 

scantilio : — a piece ; a sample. 

scapha : — a measure of corn. 

scaphalda : — a scaffold. 

scapilus : — a measure of corn. 

scapulare : — a scapular, a gar- 
ment worn b}' Benedictines 
when at work, instead of the 
cowl; a vestment made of 
two woollen bands, one 
down the breast, the other 
down the back. 

scapulare : — to beat. 

scar a : — underwood ; a troop. 

scar eta : — a vine prop. 

scaria : — a troop of soldiers. 

scarioballum : — the cog of a mill. 

scarlatetiSy scarlatus y scarletus : — 

scarlet. 
scarra : — a share. 

scarta :— a measure of corn, in 
use in Bordeaux, equal to 
an English quarter. 

scatarigo : — a spring of water. 
scat era : — a creek. 



Glossary of Latin Words, 



315 



scavagium : — scavage or schew- 
age, toll exacted from mer- 
chants for goods exposed for 
sale, or paid when imported 
goods are shown at the 
Custom-house. 

scavaldus : — a collector of scavage. 

scawanga. See scavagium. 

sceithmannus : — a pirate. 

scelda. See selda. 

scenerium : — a courtyard (?). 

sceppa : — a skep. See esceppa. 

sceurum : — a granary ; a reposi- 
tory. 

schaffa : — a sheaf. 

schavaldus. See scavaldus. 

schaveldarius : — a moss trooper. 

schela : — a bell ; a strap. 

schilla : — a small bell ; a dish. 

schillingus : — a shilling. 

schira : — a shire ; a shire court ; 
payment for exemption from 
attending thereat. 

schirmannus : — the ruler of a 
shire ; a sheriff. 

schopa : — a shop. 

scilicet : — to wit. 

scindallum : — cendal. 
scindifaber : — a bladesmith. 
scinditorium : — trencher bread. 

scindula : — shingle for roofing ; 

lath ; a blade. 
scindularius : — a bladesmith. 
sciper, sciprus : — a skipper, a 

captain of a ship. 

scira. See schira. 
scisellum : — a chisel. 

scisimus : — a fur, gris. 

scissor : — a tailor. 

scissorium : — a trencher. 

scitus : — site. For situs. 



sclauma : — a cloak. 
sclavus : — a slave. 
sclopeta : — a gun. 
sclopetarius : — a musketeer. 
sclopetum: — a gun ; an arquebus. 
sclusa : — a dam ; a sluice. 

scochia : — a scutcheon. 
scolastizare : — to study. 

scuncha, sconsa : — a sconce. 

scopellus : — a knife ; a chisel ; a 
lancet ; used for scapilus. 

scopeta : — a gun. 

scoppa : — a shop. 

scorcium : — bark. 

scoria : — dross ; a score. 
scorium : — a mat. 
scortum : — escort. 
scota : — scot; tax. 

scotagium. See scutagium. 

scotaHa, scotallum : — a contribu- 
tion for liquor for forest 
officers ; a feast provided 
by contribution. 

scoticare: — to naturalise a man 

in Scotland. 
scotta. See scota. 
scottare : — to pay scot. 
scottum. See scota. 

scribania : — an office in Guienne, 

registry. 
scrinea, scrineum : — a screen. 

scrinialis, scriniarius : — a scri- 
vener. 

scrinium : — a shrine. 

scriptorium : — a writing room. 

scrivabile paperum : — writing 
paper. 

scrobula : — a robe worn by female 
pilgrims. 



316 



The Record Interpreter. 



scrofa : — a sow ; a machine for 
digging at the base of the 
walls of a fortress. 

scrotula : — a scroll. 

scrutator : — an examiner ; a 
watchman. 

scrutinium: — search; examina- 
tion. 

scrutlanda : — land assigned for 
providing clothes. 

scucheo : — an escutcheon. 

scultetus : — a governor, ' ' schout . ' ' 

scura : — a stable. 

scurare : — to scour. 

scurellus : — a squirrel. 

scurgia : — a whip (?). 

scuria : — a stable. 

scurio : — a stableman. 

scutagium: — a tax paid in lieu 
of military service by those 
who held lands by knight- 
service. 

scutarius: — an esquire ; a shield 
maker. 

scutella : — a dish ; a scuttle ; a 

basket ; a coin (?). 
scutellarium : — a scullery. 

scutellarius : — a scullion ; a monk 
or other person in charge of 
crockery and other table 
things ; a dealer in such 
ware. 

scutifer, scutiger : — an esquire. 

scutillarius. See scutellarius. 

scutra : — a metal chafing dish. 
scutularius. See scutellarius. 
scutulatus : — dapple grey. 

scutum : — a shield ; the coin 
called a crown ; a coat-of- 
arms. 

scyra. See schira. 



scyremotum : — a shiremote, a 
meeting of the qualified 
men of a shire. 

scytheaticum molendinum : — "a 

blade mylle." 
seasitia : — seisin. 

seca : — a saw ; perhaps also hair 
cut from the tails of oxen. 

secerniculum : — a portcullis. 

seckillo : — thorns, brambles (?). 

secretarium : — a strong room in 
a convent for keeping relics, 
plate, &c. ; a sacristy. 

secretarius : — a secretary ; a sa- 
cristan, a sexton. 

secta : — suit, in all senses. 

sectare : — to sue. 

sectarius : — a suitor. 

sectator : — an executioner ; a 
suitor. 

secundarius : — a secondary, 
second clerk of the sheriff. 

secuntur : — sometimes used for 
sequuntur. 

securantia : — assurance. 

securare : — to warrant ; to make 
secure. 

securatio : — surety; security. 

securiare. See securare. 

sedes : — used for ccedes. 

sedua : — used for ccedua. 

sedula : — a schedule. 

seforniculum : — a portcullis. 

segutius canis : — a sleuth hound. 

seignior : — senior ; a lord. 

seignoragium : — lordship. 

seillo : — a strip of land ; a fur- 
row. See selio. 

seisiare. See seisinare. 
seisina : — seisin, possession. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



317 



seisinare : — to put in possession. 

seisire : — to take possession ; to 
put in possession. 

seisona : — season. 

selda : — a shop ; a stall ; a shed ; 
a willow wood ; a salt pit. 

selio : — a butt of land, an uncer- 
tain quantity ; a strip in the 
open field. 

sellarius : — a saddler. 

semella : — a shoesole. 

semiquarta : — a pint. 

semispata, semispathum: — a small 
sword. 

semitorium : — often used for 
ccemeterium. 

semitorius : — a seedlip (basket). 

semotim : — separately. 

sempectce : — senior monks, of fifty 
years' standing, in the Bene- 
dictine order. 

semus : — imperfect ; mutilated. 

senagium : — money paid for syno- 

dals. 
sendellium. See cendalum. 

senescalcia, senescaldia: — 
stewardship. 

senescaldus : — a steward. 

senescallia : — stewardship. 

senescallus : — a steward. 

senescaria : — stewardship. 

seneucia : — widowhood. 

senevectorium : — a wheelbarrow. 
a mud cart (cenivectorium). 

senglarius : — a wild boar. 

sententiare : — to sentence, to con- 
demn. 

sentinarum domus : — ''houses of 
office." 



seolda : — a shop, a stall. 

seosinabilis : — seasonable. 

sepa. See cepa. 

separalis, seperarius, separius : — 
several. 

seperalitas : — severalty. 

sephalanaxia : — chief require- 
ments ; commands. 

seplassarius : — a merchant ; a 
grocer. 

septimana : — a week. 

septimanarius : — taking weekly 
turns of duty (hebdoma- 
darius). 

septipliciter : — sevenfold. 

septor : — a hedger. 

sepultura : — burial fee. 

sepum : — tallow. 

sequela : — result ; suit ; retinue ; 
issue of a nativus, or bond- 
man. 

sequentia : — a sequence, a hymn 
sung after the gradual and 
before the gospel. 

sequestrare: — to sequester ; to re- 
nounce. 

sequestrum : — sequestration. 

seratura : — a bolt or lock ; a 
locksmith's trade. 

serchia : — search ; hue and cry. 

sergancius : — a Serjeant. 

serganteria : — serjeanty ; tenure 
bv honourable service. 

serganterium : — " unum sergante- 
rium, s. tres solidos per 
annum." (Fine, Suffolk, 
Ric. I., No. 11.) 

sergenteria. See serjanteria. 

seriere : — to settle. 



318 



The Record Interpreter. 



serif aber : — a locksmith. 

serioliu8 : —in order. 

serjanteria : — the fee or benefice 
of a serviens ; the office of 
apparitor. 

serj'antia, serjeantia : — serjeanty. 

serjantius : — a Serjeant. 

sermonium :— an interlude or 
pageant. 

serpigo : — crawling. 

serplera : — a sarpler of wool, half 
a sack. 

serrare : — to lock. 

serrura : — a bolt, a lock. 

serum : —evening. 

servagium : — the obligation of 
providing workmen for the 
lord. 

servatorium : — a stew ; a chest. 

servicia : — ale (cervisia). 

serviens : — a servant ; an infantry 
soldier ; a sergeant. 

serviens ad legem : — a Serjeant at 
law. 

servisia : — ale (cervisia). 

servitium : — service, the duty 
owed by the tenant to his 
lord. 

servoritim. See servatorium. 

servus : — a bondman ; a servile 
tenant. 

sesona, sesso : — season, esp. for 
sowing. 

seuda. See selda. 
seueare: — to drain. 
seuera. See sewer a. 
severundce : — eaves. 
seweare : — to drain. 



sewer a : — a trench to preserve 
land from floods ; a sewer. 

sexhindeni : — men whose wergyld 
was 600s. 

sexogonus : — with six corners or 
angles. 

sextertium : — used for sextarius. 

seylo. See selio. 

seysire. See seisire. 

shaffa : — a sheaf of arrows, four- 
teen or twenty-four. 

shava alei : — a chive of garlic. 

she! fa : — a bank where mussels 
are found. 

shippare : — to ship. 

shir a : — a shire. See schira. 

shopa : — a shop. 

shotea : — a workman of some 
kind. 

shouta : — a schuyt or scout, a 
Dutch fishing boat. 

sibula : — an awl (subula). 

sica : — a sike, a ditch, a furrow ; 
a marsh. 

sica : — a gisarme, according to 
Matthew Paris, I. 470. 

sicera : — beer or cider. 

sichetum : — a little stream of 
water ; a piece of meadow. 

siclus : — a coin worth a shilling ; 
a shekel. 

sigalis, sigalum : — rye. 

sigillare : — to seal. 

sigillarius : — the keeper of a 
seal ; a chancellor. 

sigillator pannarius : — an alnager 
of cloth. 

sigillum : — a seal. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



310 



sigla : — a sail. 

si glare : — to sail. 

siglatura : — a day's sail. 

signare : — often used for signifi- 
care ; to make the sign of 
the cross. 

signetum : — a signet. 

signifacere : — to signify. 

signum : — the sign of the cross ; 
a bell. 

sika : — a sike (Yorks.). 

sikettus. See sichetum. 

sila : — a sill ; a ditch. 

silarium : — the ceiler of a bed ; 
a canopy. 

silentiarius : — a privy councillor; 
an usher ; a papal secre- 
tary. 

silina : — a measure of corn. 

silvicedium : — coppice wood, un- 
der 30 years' growth. 

similari : — to assemble. 

simina : — a chamber. 

siminellus : — simnell bread, fine 
white bread ; a cake. 

simonia : — simony, traffic in 
spiritual things. 

sincatio : — digging (a well). 

sincellus (ouyytsWos) : — sharing 
the same cell ; a coadjutor. 

sincubare : — to cut short (synco- 
pare). 

sindicus : — an advocate. 

sindula. See scindula. 

singittatim : — one by one. 

singnifacere. See signifacere. 

singnificare : — used for signifi- 
care. 



singnum : — used for signum. 

sinistrare : — to turn to the left ; 
to walk on the left of. 

sinimum : — cinnamon. 

sinodogium : — an inn {xenodo- 

chium). 
sira. See schira. 

sirgia : — an instrument of tor- 
ture. 

sirographum. See chirogra- 
phum. 

sirotheca. See chirotheca. 

sirurgicus : — a surgeon [chirur- 
gicus). 

sisara. See sicera. 

sistarchia : — a bag or basket. 

sitarius, sitator : — a summoner. 

situare : — to be situate. 

situs : — site. 

skamberlengeria : — chamberlain- 
ship. 

skarkalla : — an engine for catch- 
ing fish. 

skella, skelletta : — a small bell. 

skerda : — a scar. 

skermia : — swordplay, fencing. 

skilla : — a small bell (schilla). 

skippagium: — embarkation; pas- 
sage money on boarVl ship ; 
hire of a ship. 

skirmia : — fenciDg. 

skuvinagium, skyvinagium : — the 
revenue of a scabinus ; some 
due at Calais harbour. 

slippa : — a stirrup. 

smakka : — a smack, a small 
ship. 

smeltus, smyltus : — a smelt 
(osmeru8 eperlanus). 



320 



The Record Interpreter, 



snacca, snecca : — a shi'p (esnecca). 

soca : — the jurisdiction of a lord; 
the liberty of tenants ex- 
cused from customary im- 
positions. 

socagium : — socage ; plough ser- 
vice, a tenure inferior to 
tenure by knight- service. 

socca. See soca. 

socenagium. See socagium. 

socha. See soca. 

sochemannus. See socmannus. 

sochemanria : — tenure by socage. 

socmannus : — a socman or soca- 
ger, a tenant by socage, or 
tenant in ancient demesne ; 
a sokereve. 

socnum. See soca. 

soffrancia. See suffer entia. 

soinus : — essoin. 

soka. See soca. 

sokerevus : — a sokereve, rent col- 
lector for the lord of a soke. 

sokmannus. See socmannus. 

sola : — a sole (solea vulgaris). 

solagium : — a due paid for use of 

soil. 
solanda : — a plough land. (A. S. 

sulung.) 
solarium : — an upper story or 

room. 
solda : — a piece of land. See 

also selda. 
soldarius : — serving for pay ; a 

soldier. 

soldata : — pay. 
soldum : — pay. 

soldus : — a shilling ; a sou. 

solecizare : — to speak bad 
grammar. 



solemne : — the mass. 

solicitator : — a solicitor. 

solidarius : — serving for pay ; a 
soldier. 

solidata: — a shilling's worth; 
pay. 

solidatum : — property. 

solidatus. See solidata. 

solidus : — a shilling; a sou. 

solidos suos, ad : — at his expense ; 
in his pay. 

solinum : — a meal for one person. 

solinus : — a measure of land about 
160 acres, a plough land (?). 

solium : — an upper room ; a loft. 

solinga. See sullinga. 

solivagus girus : — the sun's orbit. 
In classical Latin, solivagus 
is derived from solus, and 
means wandering alone. 

solta : — payment. 

somarius : — a sumpter horse, a 
pack horse. 

sometarius : — the officer in the 
king's household who at- 
tended to carriage. 

sonarc : — to snore. 

sonium. See essonium. 

sopa : — a shop (shopa). 

sorceria : — sorcery, witchcraft. 

someCca : — some kind of ship. 

sornus : — red. 

sororius : — a brother-in-law ; a 
sister's son. 

sors : — sort, kind ; principal. 

sorus : — red. See saurus y sourus. 

soscallus : — some kind of hound 
used for stag hunting. 

sotillareSy sotulares : — shoes. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



321 



sottus : — a fool, a sot. 

sourellus : — a sorel, a buck of 
three years old. 

sourus : — a sore, a four-year-old 
buck. 

spada : — a sword. 

spado : — a gelding. 

sparro : — a spar, a stake. 

spar r us : — a hobbyhawk (falco 
subbuteo). 

spartha : — an axe. 

sparverius : — a sparrow hawk 
(accipiter fringillarius ) . 

spata : — a sword. 

spatularia : — apparels round the 
neck and wrists of an alb. 

specialitas : — a bond or deed, 

speciarius : — a spicer ; a druggist. 

specieria : — spicery. 

species : — spices. 

specie tarius. See speciarius. 

spectacula : — spectacles. 

speleum : — a cell. 

spelta: — spelt (triticum spelta). 

spengabulum : — a duty on mill 
wheels. 

spera : — a sphere. 

spervarius : — a sparrow-hawk. 

spiciaria : — spicery. 

spicurnancia : — the office of 
spigurnel. 

spigurnellus : — the sealer of the 
king's writs. 

spinacium : — a pinnace. 

spindula, spinula : — a gold pin 
used with the archiepiscopal 
pall. 

spira bissi: — a hatband. 

M. 



spirasmus : — a tag. 

spiritualia : — the profits which a 
bishop or other spiritual 
person receives as an eccle- 
siastic, not as a lord. 

spiritualitas : — the clergy. 

spirula : — a ferrule ; a chape ; a 
gimlet. 

spolia : — a shuttle ; a spool. 

sponda : — a bier ; a pier ; a par- 
tition. 

springaldus : — a springald, a kind 
of cannon. 

sprottus : — a sprat {clupea sprat- 
tus). 

spurarium aureum : — a gold coin 
called a spur royal, or 
spurrial, value 15*. in the 
reign of James I. 

spurgellum : — a box or trunk. 

squarrare : — to square. 

squelenarius : — a keeper of 
baskets. 

squillaria : — a scullery. 

squillarius : — a scullion. 

squinancia : — quinsy. 

squinatus : — a sequin or zechin, 
a Venetian gold coin. 

squirellum : — a squirrel. 

stabollum : — a stool. 

stabilamentum, stabilia, stabili- 
tio : — a buckstall, or deer- 
hay, a stand for shooting 
deer. 

stablia : — a stall. 

slabula : — a stable. 

stabularius : — an ostler. 

stabulatum. See stabilamentum. 

stabulum : — a stable. 

staca : — a stake ; a measure of 
corn. 



322 



The Record Interpreter. 



stachia : — a stage for catching 
fish. 

stacnaria. See stannaria. 

stadium: — a furlong; a floor, a 
story. 

stafa : — a stirrup. 

staffeta. See stoffeta. 

stagga : — a small quantity of 
hay or straw. 

staggus: — a swan, half grown (?). 

stagia : — a stage ; a story of a 
house. 

stagiarius: — a canon in residence. 

stagium : — a story of a house. 

stagmen : — tin. 

stagnaria : — a tin mine. 

stagnator : — a tin miner. 

stagnum : — a pond ; tin. 

staka. See staca. 

stalaria : — a fixed engine for 
catching fish. 

stalinga : — same as stalaria (?). 

stalla : — a stall. 

stallagium :— stallage, the right 
of erecting a stall and pay- 
ment for it. 

stallangiarius, stallangiator : — a 
seller of goods at a stall. 

stallare : — to put off ; to give 
respite. 

stallarius : — a groom ; master of 
the horse ; a stallkeeper in 
a market. 

stallatio : — installation. 
stallum : — a stall. 
stalo : — a stallion. 
stamen, stagmen : — tin. 



stamen : — linsey woolsey cloth. 
0. E. st amine. 

stamina, staminea, stamineum : — 
the same ; a garment made 
of such cloth. 

stancilla : — stirrups (?). 

stancum : — a pond, a tank. 

standardum : — a banner ; legal 
weight and measure. 

stangneus, stanneus : — of tin. 

stannaria : — a tin mine. 

stannarius : — a pewterer; a tin- 
man. 

stannator : — a tin miner. 

stannatus : — dyed. 

stannum : — tin. 

stanso :— a stanchion (?). 

stantiva fenestra : — a window 
reaching to the floor (?). 

stapellum : — a staple, a bolt. 

stapha : — a stirrup. 

stapula, stapulum : — a market or 
staple. 

stara : — 8 bushels, or 2 gallons. 

starrum : — a Jew's deed or bond. 

stationarius : — a canon in resi- 
dence. 

statutum : — a statute. 

staur amentum : — the stock of a 
farm. 

staurus : — stock ; store. 

stella : — a kiddle, a weir for 
fishing ; a rowell, a trendle, 
a hoop with candles thereon. 

stellata camera : — the Star Cham- 
ber. 

sterilensium solidi : — shillings 
sterling. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



323 



sierlingus : — sterling ; an English 
penny; money. 

stermannus : — a steersman. 

sternium : — a bedstead. 

steynare : — to stain. 

stibiare : — to starch. 

stica:—a, brass Saxon coin, worth 
half a farthing ; a stick of 
eels, i.e., 25. 

stiga : — a pricket for a candle. 

stika. See stica. 

stillatorium : — a distillery. 

stina : — the handle of a plough. 

stinarius : — a ploughman. 

stingus : — a shrimp. 

stipa : — a metal bar, as on a belt. 

stipes : — a tally. 

stipula : — stubble. 

stiremannus : — a steersman. 

stivale, stivallum, stivella : — a 
boot. 

stochia. See stachia. 

stocharius : — a stockfish monger. 

stoffare : — to stuff. 

stoffeta : — stubble. 

stoffura : — equipment ; provi- 
sions ; material ; stuff. 
stola : — a stole. 

stolium : — a fleet or army. 

stonda : — staddles. 

stophare : — to store ; to stuff. 

stoppa : — tow ; a stoup. 

storea : — straw. 

storium. See stolium. 

stotarius : — a keeper of horses or 
oxen. 

stottus : — a horse or an ox. 



stowagium : — stowage. 
straciatus : — striped, 
stracus : — a strake ; a tire. 
strada : — a stripe. 

stragulare : — to strangle ; to em- 
broider of divers colours. 

stragulati fratres : — Carmelite 
Friars, whose clothing was 
parti-coloured when in 
Palestine. 

stragulator : — an embroiderer. 

stragulus : — variegated. 

straiatus : — strayed. 

stramere : — to strew. 
straminare : — to strew with straw. 

stramura : — straw for the floor. 

strandagium : — strandage, pay- 
ment for leave to beach a 
boat. 

stranglinum : — squirrel fur. 

strangulum : — ray, a striped 
cloth. 

stranlingum : — squirrel fur. 

strata : — a street, a high road. 

stratilectilia :— bedding. 

strator : — a groom. 

strenare : — to send a New Year's 
gift. 

strepa : — a stirrup. 

strepare : — to strip. 

strepitus : — destruction ; estrepe- 

ment. 
streppum. See strepitus. 
striaballum : — a cog of a wheel. 

striatus : — engrailed. See en- 
grallatus. 

stricatus : — striped. 

stricum : — a strike, a stick used 
for levelling corn in the 
measure ; the eighth of a 
quarter. 

y2 



324 



The Record Interpreter. 



strigil: — a currycomb. 

strikum. See stricum. 

stroda : — sands. 

strofa : — a stirrup. 

strublus : — a staff ; a goad. 

structus : — a suit (of clothes). 

stuba : — a stove ; a stew. 

stubula : — stubble. 

studium-.—Qi university ; a study 
(room). 

studium generale : — a university. 

stufa, siuffa ; — a stove ; a stew ; 
a hot bath. 

stuff are : — to stuff ; to give a hot 
bath to. 

stuffura. See stoffura. 

stupula : — stubble. 

sturemanus. See stiremannus. 

sturgio : — a sturgeon (acipenser 

sturio). 

suanimotum : — a swainmote, a 
forest court. 

suaria : — a horsecloth (sudaria). 

suatim : — among themselves ; by 
himself. The word occurs 
in classical Latin, but de- 
rived from sus not suits. 

subalternus : — subordinate. 

subarrare: — to plough up; to 
espouse; to give a pledge, 
or earnest ; sometimes to 
take a pledge. 

subboscus : — underwood. 

subdiaconus: — a subdeacon. 

subdue tur a : — lining or trimming. 

subescaetor : — an under- 
escheator. 



subfalcum: — aftermath (?), or a 
field after mowing or reap- 
ing. 

subharrare : — to plough up. 

subjugalis : — a beast of burden. 

sublarvare : — to act in a mask. 

sublegerius : — guilty of incest. 
(A. S. sibleger.) 

subligacula : — breeches, stock- 
ings. 

subligar : — a garter, in classical 
Latin a waist band. 

submonere : — to summon. 

submonitio : — summons. 

submonilor : — a summoner. 

subnervare : — to hamstring ; to 
hough. 

subpedium : — a treadle. 

subplacitare : — to cite before a 
court of law. 

subprior : — an officer of a convent 
next in authority to the 
prior. 

subprisia : — surprise. 

subregulus : — a baron, a lord. 

subrubeus : — reddish. 

subsannatio : — derision. 

subsidium : — an aid, a subsidy. 

subsisternium : — a litter. 

subtiliare : — to diminish ; to act 
craftily. 

subucula : — a bodkin. (In clas- 
sical Latin subucula is a 
shirt, and subula an awl.) 

suburbanus : — a countryman, a 
rustic. 

subvassor : — an esquire, a tenant 
of a knight. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



325 



succellerarius: — an undercellarer. 

succentor : — assistant to the 
armarius in a monastery. 

succidia : — a flitch of bacon. 

succidium : — sowse, pickle. 

succurrum candidum : — sugar 

candy. 
succursarius: — a courser (horse). 

succursus : — help. 

suchia : — a stump. 

sucura : — sugar. 

suera. See sewera. 

suetta, suettum : — suit. 

suffalum. See subfalcum. 

suffer entia : — a grant ; sufferance ; 
a suspension of arms, armi- 
stice. 

mfflum : — a whistle. 

suffraganeus : — a suffragan or 
subsidiary bishop, who as- 
sists the bishop of a diocese. 

suffrago : — a pastern. 

suffurrare : — to trim with fur. 

suissimus : — very own. 

suitor : — a follower ; a suitor. 

suliva. See sulliva. 

sullinga, sullingata : — a plough- 
land (A. S. sulung), used 
as equivalent to hide or 
carucate. 

sulliva : — a beam, a sill. 

sullo : — a furrow. 

suma. See summa. 

sumelarius : — a butler ; a scul- 
lion. 

sumeraciuSy sumericius equus : — 
a packhorse. 

sumetarius. See summetarius. 



summa : — a load ; a soam or 
seam, 6 or 8 bushels ; an 
abstract. 

summa mensa : — high table. 

summagiare : — to carry loads. 

summagiatio : — carrying loads. 

summagium : — a horse-load, a 
soam ; obligation to supply 
pack-horses ; toll for horses. 

summarius : — a pack-horse, a 
sumpter horse. 

summata : — a load. 

summetarius : — a man in charge 
of pack-horses. 

summista : — a compiler of a 
summa or abstract. 

summitas : — the top of a hill. 

summonere : — to summon. 

summonitio : — summons. 

summonitor : — a summoner. 

summus : — a soam. See summa. 

suparum : — a linen sleeve ; a 
shirt. 

supercedi/icium: — an upper build- 
ing. 

superaltare : — a portable altar ; 
the shelf at the back of an 
altar. 

superannatus: — more than a year 
old. 

superaudire : — to overhear. 

super culum : — a coverlet. 

superdemanda : — excess of claim. 

superdicere : — to accuse. 

superexceptus : — despised. 

super factum : — profit. 

super fidere : — to trust too much. 

superfossorium : — a drawbridge. 



326 



The Record Interpreter. 



superfrontale : — a superfrontal, a 
cloth hanging above a 
frontal. 

supergabulum : — overgavel. 

superhidagium : — superhidage, 
the extra rate per acre im- 
posed upon a hide of small 
extent. 

superlabium : — the upper lip. 

superonerare : — to overload. 

superpellicium : — a surplice. 

super plus, superplusagium : — a 
surplus ; the amount which 
a sheriff or other officer has 
spent beyond his receipts. 

superprisia : — seizure by surprise. 

super seminatus : — measled (of 
pork). 

super sisa: — sursise, penalty for 
neglect, esp. for not paying 
castle-ward at Dover. 

super tenere : — to hold over; to 
neglect. 

super tunica : — a garment worn 
over a tunic. 

supervidere ; — to survey, to exa- 
mine. 

supervincere : — to conquer. 

supervisor : — a surveyor ; an 
overseer. 

supervisus : — survey. 

supparum. See suparum. 

suppeditare : — to trample on. 

suppositio : — a support ; a prop ; 
a hypothesis. 

supprior. See subprior. 
suppriserunt : — they surprised. 
supprisia : — used for superprisia. 



supra : — before, in a reference 
in a book. This meaning 
and the corresponding mean- 
ing of infra and infer ius 
were originally used for a 
roll. 

supravisor : — an overseer. 

sura : — a coarse loaf. 

surigicus : — a surgeon (chirurgi- 
cus). 

surplusagium. See superplus. 

surrejunctio : — a surrejoinder. 

surrogatus : — a surrogate, one 
appointed in the room of 
another. 

sursa : — a spring, a fountain. 
sursumreddere : — to surrender. 

sursumredditio : — a surrender. 
susanus : — worn out. 
susceptor : — an undertaker. 
suspeditare : — to trample on. 
suspendicula : — hangings. 
suspendium : — hanging. 
suua : — a soam. See summa. 
swagium : — aid. 

swainmotus, swanemotus : — a 
swainmote, a forest court. 

swolinga, swulinga. See sullinga. 

sya : — a load ; a seam. See 
summa. 

synaxis : — an assembly, a con- 
gregation ; church service 
or office. 

syndicus : — an advocate ; a bur- 
gess. 

syngraphus : — a deed signed by 
all the parties. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



327 



synodale : — payment by the 
clergy to the bishop or 
archdeacon at a visitation. 

sy nodus : — a meeting of eccle- 
siastical persons. 

syra. See schira. 

syrografum : — a chirograph. • 

syua. See summa. 



T. 

tabacum : — tobacco. 

tabardarius : — a tabarder or 
tabiter, a scholar at Queen's 
College, Oxford. 

tabardum : — a tabard, a short 
tunic worn by heralds, 
priests, and others. 

tabellarium : — a board for the 
game of tables. 

tabellatum : — a boarded partition. 

tabellio : — a notary. 

tabellionatus : — the office of 
notary. 

taberna : — a tavern ; a brewery. 

tabernaculum : — a tabernacle or 
pyx for reserving the sacra- 
ment. 

tahernarius : — a tavernkeeper. 

tabula : — a board ; the cover of 
a book. 

tabulamentum : — a tablement, a 
projecting course of stone 
to hold a roof. 

tabularium : — a chess-board, or 
board for the game of tables. 

tabulatus : — boarded. 

tabuletta : — a tablet. 

taburcinum, taburcium: — a drum. 



tacella : — a tassel. 

tachiamentum : — attachment. 

tactare : — to confirm. 

tailla : — brushwood, a copse ; a 
tally. 

taillagium. See tallagium. 

taillia : — a tally. 

tailliare. See talliare. 

tainus. See thainus. 

talare : — to cut ; to devastate. 

talea : — a tally. 

taleator : — a teller. 

talentum : — sometimes a pound. 
See marabotinus. 

tallagium : — tallage, tax. 

tallator. See talliator. 

tallea, tallia : — a tally ; a tal- 
lage ; a stated allowance of 
provisions, commons ; tail 
(legal). 

talliare : — to cut ; to limit ; to 
tax. 

talliator : — a teller ; a cutter of 
tallies ; a tailor. 

talliatum feodum : — feetail. 

talliatura : — talwood ; firewood. 

talliatus : — in tail. 

tallium : — entail ; retail. 

talmus : — an eye (ophthalmus). 

tamenetallum. See tenemenetal- 

lum. 
tanaliter : — mortally. 

tanator : — a tanner. 

tancardus : — a tankard. 

tannare : — to tan leather. 

tannarius, tannator : — a tanner. 

tanneria : — a tannery. 



328 



The Record Interpreter. 



tannerius : — a tanner. 

tannum, tanum : — oakbark for 
tanning. 

tanquam : — in the Universities, 
1 ' a person of worth and 
learning, fit company for 
the fellows of colleges." 

tapatium : — tapestry work. 

tapeta, tapetium : — a carpet, in 
the middle ages used for 
covering tables, benches, or 
beds, not the floor. 

tapheta : — taffety, a thin silk. 

tapiceria : — tapestry. 

tapicerius : — a tapestry maker. 

tapinagium : — concealment. 

tapisterium : — the tester of a 
bedstead. 

tappa : — a tap. 

taragium : — the foot of or a stand 
for a piece of plate. 

taratantarizare : — to boult flour. 

tarcha : — a targe ; a target. 

tarenus : — a Sicilian gold coin, 
20 gr. 

targa : — a small shield, a target. 
targia : — a ship of burden ; a 

target. 
targus. See targa. 
tarida : — a ship of burden. 
tarifa : — a listof prices; customs. 
tarkosia : — a quiver. 
tart a : — a tart, pastry. 

tar tenus p annus : — cloth of tars, 
perhaps China silk crape. 

tasca, taschia : — a task ; a tax. 
tassare : — to put hay into cocks. 



tassellus : — a fringe ; a tassel ; a 
hood. 

tassus, tassum : — a rick. 

tastare : — to try ; to taste. 

tastum : — taste ; choice. 

taxa : — a tax ; a task. 

taxare : — to name ; to describe ; 
to heap up ; to appraise ; to 
tax. 

taxatio : — valuation, assessment. 

taxa tor : — an assessor ; a tax 
collector. 

taxus : — a badger. 

techa: — a chest (theca). 

techellatus : — pied ; spotted. 

factor: — a thatcher, not as in 
classical Latin, a plaisterer. 

tedinga : — a tithing. 

tegnio : — a thane. 

tegnum : — apparently used for 

T£ X vy} j ar ^> fraud. 
tegula : — a tile ; a slate ; a brick. 

tegularius, tegulator : — a tiler, a 
bricklayer. 

teignus : — a thane. 
tela : — a tile. 

telaria : — the tiller or stock of a 

balista, made of wood. 
telarius : — a weaver. 
teldum : — a tent. 
telligraphia : — written evidence. 
telonium : — toll. 
telum : — a tile. 

temantale : — a tax of 2s. on every 
plough-land. See ttnemene- 
tallum. 

templarius : — a knight of the 
Temple. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



329 



temporalia : — temporalities, the 
revenues, &c, held by a 
bishop as a baron. 

temptatio : — trial ; proof. 

tena : — a coif; a cap; the pen- 
dants of a mitre. 

tenaculum : — a hook or clasp. ♦ 

tenalia : — pincers. 

tenandria : — a vill, a town. 

tenatura : — a tenancy, a holding. 

tencellare : — to cover with metal. 

tenda : — a trace. 

tendicula : — a long net or tunnel 
for catching birds, esp. par- 
tridges. 

tenditor : — a man who attends to 
hawks. 

tenella : — tongs ; pincers. 

tenellus : — a banqueting-hall. 

tenematallum. See tenemenetal- 
lum. 

tenemenetallum : — tenmentale, a 
tithing; frithburgh, frank- 
pledge. 

tenementum : — a holding, a tene- 
ment. 

tenenciarius : — a tenant. 

tenendria : — a vill, a town. 

tenens : — a tenant. 

tenentia : — tenancy, tenure. 

teniludus : — tennis. 

tenisia : — tennis. 

tennus : — a thane. 

tenor : — purport ; a copy. 

tenor aula : — the stock of a cross- 
bow. 

tenorculus : — a notch, a nock. 



tensabilis : — defended ; pro- 
hibited. 

tensamentum : — a tax. 

tensare : — to protect, to defend ; 
to exact,, to extort. 

tensaria, tenseria : — tax ; tallage; 
exaction. 

tensum : — -toll. 

tenta : — a tent for a wound. 

tentum : — a tent. 

tenuale : — a barbican. 

tenura : — tenure ; a tenant's ser- 
vice. 

teoloneum : — toll. 

terbichetum : — a tumbrel, a cuck- 
ing-stool. See trebuchettum. 

tercelettum : — a young tiercel. 

tercellus, tercillus : — a tiercel, a 
male hawk. 

tercionarius : — a farmer with a 
third share (?). 

tereus : — earthen. 

terga : — a targe, a target. 

tergotenus : — on the back, en- 
dorsed. 

terminarius : — a termor, one who 
holds lands for a term. 

terminatus : — a boundary. 

terminus : — a term. 

termisium. See tremagium. 

terragium : — land tax ; ground- 
work. 

terrare : — to fortify with earth ; 
to block up ; to cover. 

terrarium : — a terrier, a landroll. 

terrarius : — a landholder ; a ter- 
rier dog. 



330 



The Record Interpreter, 



terratus : — banked up. 
terricidium : — fallen branches. 

tersorium : — a duster, a towel ; a 

broom. 
tesso : — a badger [meles taxus). 

testa : — a head. 

testamentalis : — devisable by will. 
testamentum : — a will; testimony. 
testator : — the maker of a will. 

tester turn : — a tester, a flat ca- 
nopy over the end of a bed, 
a tomb, &c. 

testicare : — to testify. 

tethinga : — a tithing. 

tetrizare : — to tether. 

texera : — the sign of the Che- 
quers. 

textus : — a copy of the gospels ; 
a register ; type. 

teysa, teysia : — a fathom. 
thainus : — a thane. 
thalamus : — a chamber, a room, 
as compared with aula. 

thalassiarcha : — an admiral. 

thanagium : — land belonging to 
the king of which the go- 
vernor was a thane. 

thaxa : — a tax ; a task. 

thaynus : — a thane. 

thedinga : — a tithing. 

theloneum, thelonium : — toll. 

thelonmannus : — a toll-collector. 

themicium : — a hedgerow. 

themmagium : — a duty paid by 
inferior tenants to be free 
from the lord's jurisdiction. 



themum : — theam, the right of 
having and judging one's 
bondmen and their issue, 
or of following them to other 
lord's lands ; vouching to 
warranty, part of the legal 
process for recovering stolen 
property among the Anglo- 
Saxons. 

thenecium : — a hedgerow. 

theodum : — error for feodum (?). 

theoloneum, theolonium : — toll. 

Theophania : — the Epiphany. 

thesare : — to worry. 

thesauraria, thesaurarium : — a 

treasury. 
thesaurarius : — a treasurer. 

thesauria : — a treasury. 

thesaurizarius : — a treasurer. 

thesaurum : — a treasury. 

thethinga : — a tithing. 

thimagium. See themmagium. 

thingus : — a thane. 

thollia : — thowlpins. 

tholneum, tholonium : — toll. 

tholta : — extortion. 

Thomipeta : — a Canterbury pil- 
grim. 

thorale. See torale. 
thorallia : — a mattress. 
thorallum. See torale. 
thrava, thravus. See trava. 
threngus. See drengus. 

thrimsa : — a drachm ; an Anglo- 
Saxon coin worth three 
pence. 

thumelum : — a thumb. 

thurem dexter am : — some part of 
the body (error for sura, 
shin (?) ). 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



331 



thuribulum : — a censer. 

thymallus : — a smelt (salmo eper- 
lanus) ; a grayling (salmo 
thymallus). 

tia : — an aunt on the mother's 
side. 

tibialia : — stockings. 

tibisare : — to address in the 

singular. 
ticendulum : — a wick of a lamp. 

tilerium : — a trigger (?) ; a til- 
ler (?). 
tillagium : — tillage. 

timbrellus : — a small assembly 
(Skene, De verborum sig- 
nificatione). See tumbrellum. 

timbria : — a timber of fur, a 

bundle of 40. 
timorare : — to frighten. 

timoratus : — God-fearing. 

Una : — a cask, a tun, a tub. 

tinata : — a cask full. 

tinctor : — an oxherd, perhaps an 
error for tractor. 

tinellus : — a cowlstaff. 

tinettum : — brushwood for repair- 
ing hedges. 

tinneum : — tin. 

tiparium. See typarium. 

tipetum : — a tippet, a scarf, gene- 
rally black, and furred. 

tiplare : — to tipple. 

tippulator : — a tippler. 

tipularia domus : — an alehouse. 

tipus (rTxpos) : — pride. 

tira : — a tier, used of the lines of 
skins in a fur cloak. 

tiriaca: — treacle (theriaca). 



tiro : — a young man intending to 
become a knight ; a young 
knight, a champion. 

tirocinare : — to be a tiro; to serve 
in war. 

tirocinium : — -knighthood. 

tissutum : — tissue. 

tithing a : — a tithing. 

titular e : — to make a heading 
or title. 

titulus : — a title. 

toacula, toale, toalle : — a towel. 

todda : — a tod of wool, 281bs. ; a 
certain quantity of grass. 

toftmannus : — the holder of a 

toft. 
tofta, t of turn : — a toft ; a place 

where a house formerly 

stood. 
togella : — a towel. 

tolcestrum : — tolsester, payment 
to the lord of the manor for 
liberty to brew and sell ale. 

tolia : — toll. 

tollagium : — forcible exaction of 

illegal toll. 
tolletum : — toll. 

tollum : — toll. 

tolnetum : — toll. 

tolnetum de pixide : — toll pixy, a 
customary payment by arti- 
sans and dealers in Gower 
to the lord. 

tolonarius : — a tollkeeper. 

tolonium : — toll. 

tolta : — wrong, extortion. 

tolta placiti :— a writ removing 
a cause in a Court Baron 
into the County Court ; the 
removal of a cause from 
temporal jurisdiction. 



332 



The Record Interpreter. 



tolumen : — a tumbrel. 

tonare : — to intone. 

tonellarius : — a cooper. 

tonellum, tonellus:- -a tun, a vat; 
a prison on Cornhill. 

tonna : — a tun of wine. 

tonnagium : — tonnage. 

tonsor : — a shearman. 

topare : — to top trees. 

topettum : — a knob ; a knop. 

tophta. See tofta. 

torale : — bedding ; a mound ; a 
kiln. 

torallum : — a mound. 

tor care : — to clean. 

torcha : — cob, straw and mud 
used for roofing. 

torched, torchetus, torchia : — a 
torch. 

torchiare : — to plaister. 

torchiator : — a plasterer, a 
dauber. 

torcia : — a torch. 

tormentum : — a catapult ; a can- 
non ; a fowling piece. 

tormentura : — torture. 

tornare : — to turn. 

tornator : — a turner. 

torna tilis pons : — a swingbridge. 

torneamentum : — a tournament. 

torneare : — to tilt at a tourna- 
ment. 

torneator : — a tilter or j ouster; 
one who attends a tourna- 
ment. 

tornus. See turnum. 

torta : — extortion ; a cake. 



tortellce : — tourteaux (heraldic). 

tortica, torticia : — a torch ; a 
winch, a windlass. 

tortua : — a turtle {chelone 

my das or imbricata). 
tortum : — wroug ; injustice. 

totsectus. See cotsethus. 

tottum : — rent ; toll ; a day's 

work for rent. 
toualus : — a towel. 

towayium : — toll paid for towing. 

traba : — a thrave. See trava. 

trabaria : — a small boat, a ''dug- 
out." 

trabeatio : — the Incarnation, 
from trabea, a robe, not 
trabs, a beam. 

trabeatura : — beams. 

trabes : — a thrave, 12 or 24 
sheaves. 

tracea : — search ; pursuit ; a 
trail. 

traceare : — to track. 
traco : — a cavern. 
tracta : — a horse's trace. 
tractagium : — towing, hauling. 
tractilis pons : — a drawbridge. 

tractula, tractulus : — a littletract 

or treatise. 
tractum, tractus : — a horse's 

trace ; a haul ; a drag-net. 

tractus : — struck out. 

irada : — a haven. 

traditio : — treason. 

traga, traha : — a sledge ; a dray. 

trahicium : — a trace. 

trainellum : — a shoehorn. 

trama : — a path (trames). 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



333 



tramaricia : — a boundary ; a 
landmark. 

tramellum : — a trammel, a net 
used for catching birds. 

tramerium'. — a travers, the shed 
in a smithy where horses 
are shod. 

tramesio. See tremesium. 

tranetarius : -- a tranter, a car- 
rier. 

transeptum : — a transept. 

transeuntes : — passant (heraldic). 

transfretare : — to cross a strait. 

transgressio : — trespass. 

transitus : — noon ; death ; a 
judge's iter. 

transnavare : — to cross the sea. 
transvadare : — to wade across. 
trappa : — a trap ; a trapdoor. 
trassa : — a dungeon ; a fetter. 
trassans cants : — a sleuth-hound. 
trassare : — to follow. 
trava : — a thrave of corn, 24 or 
12 sheaves. 

travatura : — beams. 
traversia : -a traverse. 
tr aver sum : — a ferry. 
traxus : — a trace. 
treacha : — treacle. 

trebuchettum : — a catapult ; a 
trebuchet, for casting 
stones ; a cucking stool. 

trebuculus : — a catapult. 

(re/a : — meat refused by Jews. 

trega : — a truce. 

treingum : — a riding. 



tremagium : — the season for sow- 
ing summer corn ; spring ; 
spring corn. 

tremellum : — a granary. 

tremesium :-^-corn cut after three 
months' growth. 

tremiscum. See tremagium. 

tremulum : — a granary. 

trencatum : — a ditch ; a trench. 

trenchea, trencheia : — the right of 
cutting wood ; a trench. 

trencheator : — a carver. 

trenchura : — a slice. 

trenga : — a dray ; a sledge. 

trentale : — an office of 30 masses 
said for the dead. 

treparium : — a trivet. 

trepha. See trefa. 

tresancia : — a passage ; a cloister ; 
part of the cloister reserved 
for reading. 

trescentia : — rent or tax from 
land. 

tresentia. See tresancia. 

tressorium : — a tress of hair ; also 
some article of dress. 

trestella, trestellus : — a trestle. 

trestornare : — to turn aside. 

trethinga. See tridingum. 

treuga, treuia : — a truce ; tribute. 

trialitas: — a bull of "trialyte," 
allowing a clerk to hold 
three benefices. 

triallum : — trial. 

trialogus : — a conversation be- 
tween three persons ; the 
title of a book by John 
WycHffe. 

triare : — to try; to select. 



334 



The Record Interpreter. 



triatio : — trial. 

triator : — a trier ; a witness. 

tribrica : — braces. 

tribuculus : — a catapult; a tre- 
buchet. 

tribulagium : — tribulage, a cus- 
tom payable to the Crown 
on tin in Cornwall. 

tricare : — to binder; to complain. 

tricatura : — twisted work (used 
of cbain armour). 

tricennale, tricennare : — a trental. 

tricesima: — a trental, "month's 

mind." 
triculator : — a treasurer. 

tridens : — a harrow. 

tridingum, tridlingum : — a tri- 
thing, or riding, the third 
part of a shire. 

triforiatus : — having a triforium. 

triforium : — a thoroughfare ; a 
gallery or arcade over the 
arches of the nave of a 
church. 

trigeldum : — a triple fine. 

trigintale : — a trental, a month's 

mind. 
trillabus : — a birdbolt. 
trimagium. See tremagium. 

trimestrium : — a quarter of a 
year, three months. 

trinoda necessitas : — the threefold 
tax, for repairing bridges, 
maintaining castles, and re- 
pelling invasion. 

triparium: — a three-legged stool; 

a trivet. 
triplarius : — triple. 

tripodium : — a length of three 
feet. 



triroda : — three rods or perches. 
trisancia. See tresancia. 
trisilis : — a three-legged stool. 

trista : — a place where hounds 
are posted during a deer 
drive ; the service of placing 
or holding them there. See 
Man wood, Part I., p. 86. 

tristega, tristegum : — a. house of 
three stories ; an engine 
used in sieges, consisting 
of a tower in three stories. 

tristellum : — a trestle. 

tristra. See trista. 

tritennale : — a trental. 

trithinga : — a riding, a third of a 
county. 

triturare : — to thresh. 

Trium Regum dies : — Twelfth 
day. 

triumvir : — a constable of three 
hundreds. 

trivium : — the study of grammar, 
logic, and rhetoric. 

trochus : — a cluster, a band, esp. 

of precious stones. 

trocus : — a top. 

trogga : — a trough ; a measure 

of corn ( Welsh), 
trogulus : — a cowl. 
troillium : — an oil or wine press. 

trona. tronum : — the Tron, a 
beam for weighing. 

tronagium : — toll for weighing 
wool and other goods. 

tronare : — to weigh at the Tron. 

tronator : — the officer who weighs 
wool. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



335 



troparium, troperium : — a book 
containing tropi, verses sung 
at certain festivals before 
the Introit. 

trua : — a sow. 

trubechettum. See trebuchettum. 

trubla : — a sieve. 

trublagium. See tribulagium. 

trublechettum. See trebuchettum. 

trubuculus : — a catapult. 

trubula : — a sieve. 

trufare : — to deceive. 
trufatorius : — trifling. 

truffa : — trifles. 

truga : — a measure of corn. 

truia : — a sow. 

truncagium: — a paymentto Bam- 
borough Castle by the town- 
ships near. 

trunculum : — a bench. 

truncus : — a money-box ; the pil- 
lory ; a candle end. 

trunso : — a truncheon. 

trusellum : — a bale. 

trussa : — a truss. 

trussare : — to truss. 

trussellum : — a bale. 

trussula, trussum : — a truss. 

trutannicus : — worthless l false. 

trutannus, trutanus : — truant, 
vagrant. 

truttciy trutus : — a trout {salmo 
fario and salmo trutta). 

tryinkus : — a net used in the 
Thames. 

tuallium, tuellium : — a towel. 

tuare, tuisare : — to address in the 
singular. (Fr. tutoyer.) 

tut tortus : — seeking protection. 



tumberalis pena : — the punish- 
ment of the tumbrel. 

tumberellus : — some military 
engine. 

tumbrellum :— a tumbrel, a click- 
ing stool. 

tumpilloralis pena : — the pillory. 

tunellum: — a tun or ton. 

tunicella, tuniculus : — a short 

tunic. 
tunnagium : — tonnage. 
turba : — turf. 

turbagium : — the right of digging 
turf. 

turbare : — to turf. 

turbaria : — the right of digging 
turf ; a place where turf is 
dug. 

turbarius : — kerne. 

turbido : — a tempest. 

turbo : — a turbot {Rhombus 
maximus). 

turcasia : — a quiver. 

turcoplerius, turcopoliarius : — a 
Turcopolier, an officer in the 
Order of the Knights of St. 
John of Jerusalem, origin- 
ally the commander of the 
Turcopuli, light cavalry. 

turella } turellus : — a turret. 

turetti : — tirrets. 

turgiolum : — a boss. 

turkesius : — Turkish ; a turquoise. 

turnarius : — a turner. 

turnatus pons : — a swingbridge. 

turneamentum : — a tournament. 

turneare : — to joust, to hold a 
tournament. 



336 



The Record Interpreter . 



turneicius pons : — a swingbridge. 

turniamentum : — a tournament. 

turniare : — to joust. 

turnum, turnus : — a turn ; the 
king's leet through acounty; 
a winch, as on a crossbow. 

turqueizare : — to favour the Turk. 

turratus : — having towers. 

turrella. See turrellus. 

turrellare : — to build turrets. 

turrellus : — a turret, a tourel, a 
small tower. 

turtarius : — a baker of tourte, 
i.e., coarse brown bread. 

turtra: — trout (salmo fario). 

turtus : — tourte bread. 

tussimulus : — a door knocker. 

tutibarum : — a tumbrel. 

twigeldum : — a double fine. 

tymbrium. See timbria. 

tyna : — a tub ; part of Gloucester 

town. 
typarium : — a seal bearing the 

image of its owner. 

tyro. See tiro. 

U. 

ulcus : — a hull. 

uliare : — to remedy a default. 

uligo : — a marsh. 

ulmetum : — an elm grove. 

ulna : — an ell. 

ulnayium : — alnage, duty on 
cloth. 

ulnator, ulniger : — an alnager, 
examiner of cloth and col- 
lector of alnage. 



ulnus : — for ulmus. 

ulphus : — hassock, coarse grass. 

ultrayium : — outrage. 

umbra : — an umbrer or umber, 
part of a bacinett, which 
protected the face ; a gray- 
ling {salmo thymallus) ; pre- 
cincts, outskirts. 

umbraculum. See umbra. 

umbraria, umbreria : — some 
office in Bordeaux, perhaps 
prefect of the umbra or 
suburb. 

umpirator : — an umpire. 

unare : — to bring together, to 

collect. 
unci a : — an ounce ; an inch ; a 

measure of land, perhaps 1 2 

modii. 

uncialiter : — in capital letters. 
unciata. See uncia. 

uncina sagitta : — "a swalowe 
tayle or a brode arrowe," 
i.e., barbed. 

unire : — to unite. 

unitio : — union. 

uplanda : — upland. 

ura : — ore. 

urigenator : — a furbisher (erugi- 

nator). 

urla : — a border ; an orle. 

ursarius: — a bearward ; a bear- 
dog. 

usagium : — usage. 

usia : — being. 

ustilamentum : — a loom. 

usuagium : — usage. 

utensilium : — a loom. 

uterennium : — a space of two 
years. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



337 



uthesium : — hue and cry. 

uthlega, &c. See utlaga, &c. 

uthundredum : — the outlying 
parts of a hundred. 

utinatio : — regret. 

utlaga : — an outlaw. 

utlagare : — to outlaw. 

utlagaria, utlagatio : — outlawry. 

utlagius : — an outlaw. 

utterare : — to distribute, to utter. 

uxor are : — to give in marriage. 

uxoratus : — married. 

uxorium : — a fine for not marry- 
ing. 



racanus : — vacant ; void. 

vacare : — to be void. 

vacaria: — waste ground. 

vacatura : — a church benefice 
not yet vacant ; provision 
thereto ; the next avoidance 
of a benefice. 

vaccaria : — a cow-house or 
pasture. 

vaccarius : — a cowherd. 

vaccasterium : — a cowhouse ; a 
dairy farm. 

vacuare : — to frustrate. 

vadiare : — to pledge oneself ; to 
give security for ; to wage. 

vadiare legem : — to wage his law. 
vadimonizare : — to pawn. 
vadium: — surety; wage; custom. 
vafra : — a wafer. 
M. 



vagium : — security. 

valatorium, valatrum : — a churn. 

valectus. See valettus. 

valentia : — value. 

valesium : — a travelling bag. 

valettus : — a groom ; a yeoman ; 
a journeyman. 

valibilis : — valuable. 

valisona anguillarum : — eel- 
bucks (?). 

valitor: — an assistant ; anally. 

vallare : — to wall up. 

valor : — strength ; courage ; 
value. 

valvassor : — a vassal. See vavas- 

sor. 
vana : — a weathercock. 

vanga : — a shovel ; a spade. 

vannatarius : — a winnower. 

vannus : — a vane ; a winno wing- 
fan. 

vantarius : — a footman who runs 
before his master. 

vapulatio : — beating, cleaning ; 
perhaps also " whipping/' 
binding with string. 

varancia : — madder. 

varectare. See warectare. 

varium : — vair, an expensive fur, 
perhaps ermine. 

varrare : — to value. 

vasa : — a ship. 

vasarius : — a keeper of crockery. 

vascella : — some sort of ship, 
perhaps an error for nascella. 

vaslettus. See valettus. 

vassalagium : — the condition of a 
vassal. 



338 



The Record Interpreter. 



vassallus : — a vassal, a feudal 

tenant. 
vasseleria : — a vassal's tenure. 

vassella : — plate. 

vastare : — to waste. 

vastellarium : — a bakehouse 
where wastel bread was 
baked. 

vastellum : — a shade ; an arbour. 
See wastellus. 

vastina : — waste land. 

vastum : — waste. 

vatila : — a scoop. 

vavassaria. See vavassoria. 

vavassor : — a vassal, next in dig- 
nity to a baron ; a free 
tenant of a tenant in chief 

vavassoria : — land held by a 
vavassor. 

vealtrarius, veautrarius. See 
veltrarius. 

vehagium : — payment for car- 
riage. 

vehia : — a load. 

vehitura : — carriage. 

veicium : — a conduit or pipe (?). 

veirium : — error for veicium. 

velare : — to sail. 

velle : — will (subst.). 

veltraria : — the office of slipper 
when coursing. 

veltrarius : — a lyme-hound ; a 

man who leads hounds, a 

slipper. 
veltrea : — a leash. 
veluellum, veluettum, velutum: — 

velvet. 
venaria : — beasts and birds of 

chase. 



venatio : — venison ; the right of 

hunting. 
venda : — payment to lord for 
licence to sell ; toll of goods 
for sale. 
venea : — a vineyard. 
venella : — a lane. 
Veneris dies : — Friday. 
venia curta : — a slight bow. 
venia longa : — a low bow. 
ventare, ventilare : — to winnow ; 

to air. 
venticius : — wind (adj.). 
ventilogium : — a vane. 
ventosa : — a cupping glass. 
ventosare : —to bleed by cupping. 
ventriceum, ventriticum molendi- 

num : — a windmill. 
veragium : — verage, the right of 
the Marshal of England to 
all pied cattle taken in war. 
verbale : — a dictionary. 
vereda : — a carter. 
veredarius : — a courier ; a thill 

horse. 
veredictum : — a verdict. 
veredis : — a ferret. 
veredum : — a thill, the draught 

tree of a cart. 
veredus : — a thill horse. 
vergenta : — a measure used for 
spices. 

verina : — a pane of glass. 

vermiculus : — vermilion. 

vermina : — vermin. 

vernacio : — varnishing. 

vernare : — to varnish. 

vernellum : — varnish. 

vero : — a minnow (leuciscus 

phoxinus). 
veronica : — a vernacle. 
verra : — war. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



339 



verrina : — a pane of glass. 

versatilis pons : — a swingbridge. 

versator : — a turnspit. 

versor : — a turner. 

versutius : — " fersouthe." 

vertagus : — a tumbler dog. 

vertebra : — a hinge. 

vertebrum : — a reel. 

vertevella, vertinella : — a hook ; 
a hinge ; shears. 

vertitor : — a turner. 

verugirus : — a turnspit. 

veruversorium : — a roasting jack. 

vervella : — vervels, gold or silver 
rings on a hawk's jesses. 

vesca : — vetch. 

vesper a : — vespers, between the 
9th hour of the day and 
night. 

vesperus : — evensong. 

vespilio : — a nocturnal robber. 

vesselamenta : — plate. 

vesta : — crop. 

vestiarium : — a wardrobe ; a 
vestry. 

vestibulum : — a vestry. 

vestigabilis cams : — a sleuth 
hound. 

vestiplicium : — a clothes press. 
vestire : — to invest. 
vestitura. See vestura. 
vestitus : — a fee or benefice with 
which the holder is invested. 
vestura : — crop ; possession. 
vettrarius. See veltrarius. 
vetuxuale : — toll (for vectigal ?). 
veua } veuta : — a view. 
veutrarius. See veltrarius. 



vexillator : — a standardbearer. 

vexillifer : — a standardbearer. 

vexus : —a pack, a bundle. 

viagium : — a voyage. 

vians : — a traveller. 

vibrella : — a cannon. 

vibrellator : — a gunner. 

vicaria : — a vicarage. 

vicariatus : — the office of a vicar. 

vicarius : — a vicar. 

vicecancellarius : — a vice-chan- 
cellor. 

vicecomes: — a viscount ; a sheriff. 

vicecomitilia : — vicontiels, rents 
farmed by a sheriff. 

vicedominus : — a vidame, a 
bishop's deputy in temporal 
matters. 

vicenarius. See vintarius. 

viceplebanus : — a deputy to a 
parish priest. 

vicinetum, vicinia : — neighbour- 
hood ; venue. 
victinella : — a bolt (from vectis). 
victualarius : — a victualler. 
vicus : — a street. 
vidua tus : — widowed. 
vidula : — a fiddle. 
vidulator : — a fiddler. 
viella : — a viol. 
viellator : — a player on the viol. 

vigeria : — the jurisdiction of a 
vicar. 

vigerius: — a vicar. 
vigilarius : — a monk who woke 
the others. 

vigilia : — the eve of or day before 
a feast. 

vigilice : — matins or vigils. 
villa : — a vill or village ; a town. 
z2 



340 



The Record Interpreter. 



villanagium : — the tenure of a 
villein, villenage. 

villanus : — a villein, a bondman. 

villare : — a list of villa. 

villata : — a township, a village. 

villaticus : — a peasant. 

villains pannus : — frieze. 

villenagium : — the tenure of a 
villein. 

villicanus, villicus : — a steward, 
a reeve. 

villificare : — to build ; to wall in. 

villosa : — velvet. 

vilnetum. See vicinetum. 

vina : — a fin. 

vinagium : — rent paid in wine. 

vinaria : — a vintry. 

vinegrum : — vinegar. 

vinetria : — a vintry. 

vinitarius : — a vintner ; the cus- 
todian of the wine in a 
convent. 

vinitor : — a vintner. 

vinna : — a drag-net. 

vintarius, vintenarius : — a vint- 
ner ; a commander of twenty 
soldiers. 

virbius : — twice married. 

virga : — a yard ; a wand ; the 
verge, the compass of the 
king's court. 

virg avium : — an osier bed. 

virgarius. Sue virgatarius. 

virgastrum : — an osier bed. 

virgata : — a yard-land, or verge, 
a quarter of a hide, varying 
from 12 to 40 acres; the 
verge. 



virgatarius : — originally a holder 
of a virgate or yard-land, 
but used for all smallholders 
of land. 

vir gator : — a verger. 

virgeus : — striped, brindled. 

virgiferens : — a verger. 
virgultarius : — an orcharder. 

viridarice dies : — days for sur- 
veying the viridaria in a 
forest. 

viridarium : — a clearing in a 
forest ; a garden. 

viridarius : — a verderer, a forest 
officer ; a hay ward. 

viride : — vert or greenhue, trees, 
&c. in a forest ; the right to 
cut green wood. 

viridere : — to scour a river or 
ditch. 

viridis : — sometimes used for 
varium, vair. 

viridium, virificum : — varnish. 
viro : — a boatman. 
visitor : — a vejour. 

visnetum. See vicinetum. 
visor : — an inspector. 
vispilio : — a nocturnal robber. 
vista : — ar interview. 

visus : — a view. 
vitellarius : — a victualler. 
vite Ilium : — caudle. 
vitillarius : — a victualler. 
vitreare, vitriare : — to glaze. 
vitriatio : — glazing. 
vitriatus : — glazed. 
vitulamen : — a graft. 
vitulare : — to calve. 
vitulinium : — vellum. 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



341 



vivarium: — a park; a fishpond. 
0. E. vever. 

viverra : — a ferret. 

vobisare: — to address in the 
plural. 

vola: — the hollow of the hand; 
a handful. 

volatus : — falconry. 

volsura : — vaulting. 

volta : — a vault. 

volticium : — an arch. 

volupare: — to roll up (volutare). 

volutus : — a vault. 

vosare : — to address in the 
plural. 

vota : — a drain ; a vault. 

vouta : — a vault. 

vulgariter : — in English. 

vulpericia canis : — a foxhound. 

W. 

waccaria : — a cowhouse or cow- 
pasture. 

waccarius : — a cowherd. 
wacta : — watch. 
wactare : — to watch. 
wadda : — woad. 
wadium. See vadium, 
waerum : — a weir. 
wafra : — wafer bread. 
waftor : — a pilot. 

waga : — a wey or weigh : of 
wool 256 lbs. or 2 sacks ; of 
cheese 168, 256, or 300. lbs. ; 
of barley or malt 6 qrs., temp. 
Edw. I. ; of salt 25 qrs. ; of 
tallow 168 lbs.; a waif; 
whey. 



wagesium : — ooze, sea-ground. 

wagha. See waga. 

waia. See waga. 

waida : — woad. 

wainabilis : — passable by wag- 
gons ; tilled. 

wainagium : — a stock of wagons, 
team, &c. ; wainage ; cart- 
age. 

wainare : — to till ; to get a profit 
out of. 

waineria : — farm implements (?). 

waisda : — woad. 

waivare : — to forsake ; to outlaw 

(a woman). 
waiviamentum, waiviaria : — a 

waiver, waiviary ; refusal. 

waiviare : — to waive, to aban- 
don. 

waivium : — a waif. 

waivius : — wandering. 

walda, waldia: — a forest ; weald, 

wold. 

walecheria : — Welshry. 

waliscus : — a Welshman ; a ser- 
vant. 

walla : — a wall. 

wallare : — to wall ; to fortify. 

wallia : — a wall. 

wallum : — a wall. 

wallura : — walling. 

wambasarius : — a maker of gam- 
besons. 

wambasium. See gambeso. 

wannagium. See wainagium. 

wannus. See vannus. 

wantalius, wantarius : — a glover. 



342 



The Record Interpreter. 



wapentacium, wapentachium, wa- 
pentacum, wapentagium : — a 
wapentake, a division of a 
county similar to a hun- 
dred, used in the north ; 
suit of court and other 
duties incumbent on the in- 
habitants. 

war a : — a measure of land, a 
gore (?) ; a weir. 

warantia, Sfc. See warrantia, Sfc. 

war da : — a ward of a city ; cus- 
tody ; wardship ; ward- 
penny. 

war da castri : — castleguard. 

wardagium : — contribution for 
the custody of a castle, 
wardpenny. 

wardemotus : — a wardmote, a 
court held in London. 

warderoba : — a wardrobe. 

warecta : — fallow land. 

warectabilis : — fallow. 

warectare: — to plough land in- 
tended for wheat in the 
spring and let it lie fallow. 

warectus : — fallow. 

warengre : — the ribs of a ship 
(Fr. varangue). 

warenna : — a warren. 

warennarius : — a warrener. 

warentiza : — warranty. 

waretare. See warectare. 

waretta, Sfc. See warecta, &c. 

warfus : — a wharf. 

wargus i — a banished rogue. 

warnamentum : — a garment. 

warnestura. See warnistura. 

warnetum : — warnoth, a rent at 
Dover doubled if not paid. 



warniso, warnisona : — protection; 
a garrison. 

warnistura : — garrison ; pro- 
visions. 
warpenna : — wardpenny. 
warrantia : — warranty. 
warrantisio : — warranty. 
warrantizare : — to warrant. 
warrantizatio : — warranty. 
warrantum : — a warrant. 
warrecta, Sfc. See warecta. 
warrenna. See warenna. 
warrentiza : — warranty. 

wasshum : — a shallow arm of the 
sea ; the Wash. 

wastellus : — wastelbread, the se- 
cond sort of white bread, 
next in quality to simnel. 

was turn : — waste. 

watergagium : — a watergage, a 
bank to keep off water; a 
watergauge, an instrument 
to measure water ; a water- 
course. 

waterganga : — a watercourse ; an 
aqueduct. 

water gangius : — a trench to carry 
off water ; an aqueduct. 

waUrscopium. See watergan- 
gius. 

watillum : — a wattle. 
watlura : — wattling. 
waulura : — fencing. 
wavium, Sfc. See waivium, dec. 
waynabilis. See wainabilis. 
waynagium. See wainagium. 
wayura : — a channel. 



wayvtum, wavium, 
waivium, &c. 



&c. See 



Glossary of Latin Words. 



343 



wdewardus : — a woodward. 

wdiarius : — a woodman. 

wegga. See wag a. 

weidia : — woad. 

wela : — a bownet to take fish in ; 
a weir pool. 

welcomare : — to welcome. 

welkus : — a whelk. 

welluetum : — velvet. 

wendics : — a circuit of ground. 

wera : — wergild, the fine paid for 
killing a man ; a weir. 

werccum : — wreck. 

werelada : — purgation of homi- 
cide by oath. 

wergildus : — wergild, fine for 
homicide. 

werra : — war. 

ivesda : — woad. 

wesdarius : — a dealer in woad. 

wexare : — to mend, to repair. 

weyfa maris : — waif of the sea. 

wharf a : — a wharf. 

wharf agium : — wharfage. 

wharva : — a wharf. 

wharvagium : — wharfage. 

whassum. See wasshum. 

whitauivarius : — a white-tawer, a 
tanner of white leather ; a 
collar maker. 

wica :— a country house, a farm. 

wicarius, wikarius : — the keeper 
of a wica. 

wikettum : — a wicket. 

windare : — to hoist. 

windarium : — hoisting. 



winpla : — a wimple. 

wiscare : — to mend, to repair. 

wisda : — woad. 

wis ta : — a measure of land, a 

quarter of a hide. 
wita : —a fine ; an amerciament. 

withemamium : — carrying off a 
distress, so that the sheriff 
cannot deliver it when re- 
plevied. 

wittescalchus : — an officer who 
collects fines imposed by 
judges, a bailiff. 

wixare : — to mend, to repair. 

wodegeldum : — a tax paid on 
woods. 

wodewardia : — the office of wood- 
ward. 

wodewardus : — a woodward, a 
forest officer. 

wodiarius : — a woodman. 

wreccatum : — wrecked. 

wreccum : — wreck. 

wrectum : — wreck. 

wrekum : — wreck. 

wudewardus : — a woodward. 

wullire : — to boil (bullire). 

wulperettus, ivulpericius canis : — 
a foxhound. 

wyka. See wica. 

wykettum : — a wicket. 

wympla : — a wimple. 

wyndare : — to hoist. 

wyta. See wita. 



X. 

xenium : — a present. See 
exennium. 

xenodochium: — an inn; ahospital; 
a convent. 



344 



The Record Interpreter. 



xylopola : — a dealer in wood. 

xysticus : — a champion ; a wrest- 
ler. 



Y. 

yarda : — a yard. 

yconia :— an image. 

yconomus : — a guardian. 

yda. See hida. 

ydolotrare : — to worship images. 

ydor : — a water jar. 

yems : — used for hiems, winter. 

yepso : — "a little ipson," in 
Somerset, is a double hand- 
ful, from A. S. yespeon, 
clasped. 



ympnare : — a hymnal. 
yvernayium. See hibernayium. 



Z. 

zabulum : — gravel, sand. 

zabulus : — the devil (diabolus). 

zeta : — a dining room ; a chamber. 

zibellus : — sable fur. 

zigarus : — a gipsy. 

zinziber, zinzuber : — ginger. 

zourus : — a sore, a four-year old 
buck. 

zucara : — sugar. 

zucheus, zuschia : — the dead 
trunk of a tree ; a stub. 

zygostata : — a clerk of a market. 
zythum : — a drink made of corn. 



A LIST OF THE LATIN NAMES OF PLACES 
IN GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND.* 



A. 

Aballaba, Aballiaba : — Appleby, 
Westmoreland ; Watchcross, 
or Papcastle, Cumberland. 

Abbandonia, Abbandunum : — 
Abingdon, Berks. 

Abbas cestuarium : — River Hum- 
ber, Yorks. 

Abbendonia : — Abingdon. 

Abbotesbiria : — Abbotsbury, 
Dorset. 

Abbus : — Humber. 

Abedesberia : — Abbotsbury, Dor- 
set. 

Abenduna : — Abingdon, Berks. 

Aberconouium : — Aberconway ; 
also the River Conway. See 
Conouium. 

Aberdeia, Aberdona, Aber- 
donia : — Aberdeen, Scot- 
land. 

Aberdora, Aberdura: — Aberdore, 
and Aberdour, Scotland. 

Abergennium : — Abergavenny, 
Monmouthshire . 

Aberistyuium : — Aberystwith, 
Cardiganshire. 



Aberncethum: — Abernethy, Scot- 
land. 

Aberuanus, Aberruanus. See 
Abrauannus. 

Abindonia : — Abingdon. 

Ablatum Bulgium : — Cardun- 
nock, or Bowness, Cumber- 
land; or Mid dleby, Dumfries. 

Abomina : — Bodmin (?), Corn- 
wall. 

Abona Flu. : — River Avon, 
Hants. 

Abone, Abonis : — Sea Mills, on 
the Avon ; Alvington-on- 
the-Severn, Abstone, or 
Aunsbury, Gloucestershire. 

Aboya : — Athboy, Meath, Ire- 
land. 

Abrauannus, Abrauanus Flu. : — 
The estuary at Ravenglass, 
Cumberland ; or Glenluce 
Bay, Wigtownshire. 

Abreconium : — Abercorn, Lin- 
lithgow. 

Abredea : — River Dee, Aberdeen. 

Abredesega Insula : — Bardesey 
Island, Carnarvonshire. 

Abrenethceum : — Abernethy, 
Scotland. 



* To the names of Roman Stations, upon the position of which there is 
a difference of opinion, several of the localities suggested have been 
appended, as their inclusion in this list is not for the purpose of giving 
information about Roman Britain, but to give the meaning of the names 
when used in later times. It has not been thought necessary always to 
insert Latin names where they are merely the common English names 
with a Latin termination. When no county is added to the English 
name, the reason usually is that there are more than one place of the 
same name. 



346 



The Record Interpreter. 



Abretaum : — Swansea, Glamor- 
ganshire. 

Abreuicum : — Berwick-upon- 
Tweed. 

Abrinca : — Abernethy. 

Abundena :— Abingdon. 

Abus mstuarium : — Humber. 

Acantium promontorium : — 
North Foreland. 

Acastra : — Acaster, Yorks. 
Accara : — Castle Acre, Norfolk. 
Acemanni Civitas : — Bath. 
Achada : — Achonry, Sligo. 

Achadia : — Aghadoe, Kerry, 
Ireland. 

Achathkonrensis, Achathronen- 
sis : — Of Achonry, Ireland. 

Achelandia : — Bishop's Auck- 
land, Durham. 

Achilla : — Achill Isles, Con- 
naught, Ireland. 
Achinctona : — Ripe, Sussex. 

Aclea : — Oakley, or Ocley, 
Surrey ; Ay cliff e or Auck- 
land, Durham. 

Acmodce Insula : — Seven Is- 
lands, mentioned by Pom- 
poni us Mela and Pliny. The 
name is used both for the 
Scilly and the Shetland 
Islands. 

Acra : — Acre, Norfolk. 

Ad Ansam : — Ithanceaster, Wit- 
ham Barklow, Tolshunt 
Knights, or Halstead, Es- 
sex ; Wratting or Stratford 
St. Mary, Suffolk. 

Ad Candidam Casam: — Catwade 
Bridge near Brantham, 
Suffolk. 

Adcouecin. See Comber etonium. 
Adelingia, Adelona : — Athelney, 
Somerset. 



Ad-Lapidem : — Stoneham, 
Hampshire. 

Ad-Latus Bouium : — Boverton, 
Glamorganshire. See Bo- 
nium. 

Ad-Murum : — Walbottle, or 
Walton, Northumberland. 

Ad-Pontem : — Paunton, Line. ; 
Southwell or Farndon, 
Notts, or Zouch Bridge, 
over the Trent. 



Ad-Portum 
Kent. 



Dubris : — Dover, 



Ad-Portum Lemanis : — Lympne, 
Kent. 

Ad-Portum Rutupas. See Rutu- 
pce. 

Adron Flu : —River Adder, Ber- 
wickshire, or River Wear, 
Durham. See Ouedra. 

Adros : — Bardsey Island, Caer- 
narvonshire ; or Lambav, 
Dublin. 

Adtanatos Insula : — Isle of 
Thanet. 

Ad-Taum : — Tasburgh, Norfolk, 
or Norwich. 

Ad- Tisam 
ham. 

Adtropam : — Thrup, Abingdon. 

Adurni Portus : — Porchester, 
Hants; Aldrington, or Old 
Shoreham, Sussex. 

JEbuda : — Hebrides, West of 
Scotland. 

JEdulfiberga : — Ellesborough, 
Bucks. 

JEgelesbyri, JEglesburgus : — 
Aylesbury, Bucks. 

jEiglea : — Hey Mead, near 
Melksham, Wilts. 



-Piersbridge, Dur- 



Latin Names of Places. 



347 



JEilecuriana : — Vale of Ayles- 
bury, Bucks. 

Aelfete: — A dlingfleet, Yorks. 

Aeljinensis : — Of Elphin, Ire- 
land. 



Aelfonensis 
land. 



-Of Elphin, Ire- 



JEUa :— Ely. See Elia. 

AE.Ua Castra : — Alcester, War- 
wickshire. 

AEliani Porta : — A town near 
Hadrian's Wall. 

Aemonia : — Inchcolme, in the 
River Forth. 

Aera : — River Ayr, Scotland. 

uEsycha, AEsica : — Netherby, 
Cumberland ; Great Ches- 
ters, Northumberland. 

JEtona, JEtonia : — Eton, Bucks. 

Afena : — Littleborough, Notts. 

Afena Flu. : — River Avon. 

Agameriurn : — Aghamore, co. 
Mayo, Ireland. 

Agelocum : — Littleborough, 
Notts. 

Agmundishamum : — Agmundis- 
ham or Amersham, Bucks. 

Agneda : — Edinburgh. 

Ailenetona : — Aylton, Hereford- 
shire. 
Ailesberia : — Aylesbury, Bucks. 

Ailesmera : — Ellesmere, Shrop- 
shire. 

Aiscaranus : 
Yorks. 



Of Aysgarth, 



Aissoura : — Ashover (?). 
Aiwella : — Ewell, Surrey. 
Aha : — Rock, Worcestershire. 
Akelea : — Ockley, Surrey. 



Akemancester : — Bath. 

Ala Campi: — Wingfield ; Wink- 
field. 

Alachda : — Killalla, bishopric in 
Connaught. 

Alaenus Flu. : — River Axe, 
Devon ; R. Stour, Dorset ; 
R. Alne, Warwickshire. 

Alana : — Alio way, Ayrshire. 

Alannius : — River Avon, Wilts. 

Alata Castra, Alatum Castrum: — 
Tain, Ross ; Edinburgh ; or 
Burghead, Moray. 

Alauna Civitas : — Alnwick, Nor- 
thumberland ; Alcester, 
Warwickshire ; Allchester, 
Oxon ; Camelon, Stirling ; 
a place near Poole, Dorset. 

Alauna Flu. : — River Stour, Dor- 
set; Alne, Northumberland. 

Alauna Silua : — Borders of 
Hampshire and Dorset, or 
perhaps Stourhead, Dorset. 

Alauni Jluuii ostia : — Alnmouth ; 
Tweedmouth. 

Alaunicastrum : — Alcester, War- 
wickshire. 

Alaunicus Pons : — Maidenhead, 
Berks. 

Alaunicus Portus : — M i 1 f o r d 
Haven, Pembrokeshire. 

Alauniuadum : — Aylesford, 
Kent. 

Alaunodunum : — Maidenhead. 

Alaunouicus : — Alnwick, North- 
umberland. See Alauna. 

Alaunus : — Maidenhead. 

Alaunus Flu. : — R. Alne or R. 
Tweed, Northumberland. 

Alba Domus : — Whiteland, Caer- 
marthenshire. 



348 



The Record Interpreter. 



Albalanda : — Whiteland, or Ty 
Gwyn ar Taf, Caermarthen- 
shire ; Blanchland, North- 
umberland. 

Alba Lundy : — Blanchland, Nor- 
thumberland. 

Albuna : — Scotland. 

Albania : — Scotland, or Britain 
north of Humber. 

Albi Equi Mons : — White Horse 
Hill, Berks. 

Albinunno Civitas: — Caer Nonou 
or Whitewalls, Monmouth- 
shire. 

Albion : — Britain. 

Album Castrum : — Whitchester, 
Northumberland ; Oswestry, 
Shropshire. 

Album Monasterium : — Whit- 
church, the seat of the 
Stranges ; Oswestry, Shrop- 
shire, of the FitzAlans. 

Alcheseia : — Alchester, Dorset. 

Alcluith : — Dunbritton, on the 
Clyde. 

Alcmundeberia : — Almondbury, 
Yorks. 

Aldeburia : — Oldbury or Wold- 
bury, Warwickshire. 

Aldedelega : — Audley, Stafford- 
shire. 



Aldithelega 
shire. 



Audley, Stafford- 
Dumbarton. 



Ilkley, Yorkshire. 
-Dundee. 



Aldud:- 

Alerana 

A lee turn 

Alencestria : — Alcester, War 
wickshire. 

Alenus Flu. See Alaenus. 
Alexodunurn. See Axelodunum 



Alincestria : — Alcester, War- 
wickshire. 

Alicinca : — Ilkley (V). See Oli- 
cana and Alecana. 

Aliennia : — Athelney, Somerset. 

Alione, Alionis : — Whitley 
Castle, Northumberland ; 
Ambleside, Westmoreland ; 
Kirkbride or Allonby, Cum- 
berland. 

Alitacenon Civitas: — Elgin, Scot- 
land. 

Alkesia : — Halsway, Somerset. 

Allectum : — Dundee. 

Alna : — Alne, Yorks ; Biver 
Alne, Northumberland. 

Alnetum : — Llangerniw(?) on the 
Elwey, Denbighshire ; Dod- 
nash Priory, Suffolk. 

Alneuicum : — Alnwick, Northum- 
berland. 

Alone : — Bowness, Cumberland ; 
Whitley Castle, Northum- 
berland ; Ambleside, West- 
moreland. 

Alone Flu. : — River Alne, North- 
umberland. 

Alongium, Alouergium Civitas : — 
Carnbrea, Cornwall. 

Alpes Peneni Monies : — Pen die 
Hill, Lancashire. 

Aire : — Aller, near Bridgwater, 
Somerset. 

A Irene : — Alderney. 

A Ita Clera : — Highclere, Hants. 

Alia Prisa : — Haltemprice or 
Howdenprice, Yorks. 

Altum Peccum : — The Peak, 
Derbyshire. 

Aluerodunum Brigantum : — 
North Allerton, Yorks. 



Latin Names of Places. 



349 



Aluertonia : — North Allerton, 
Yorks. 

Aluestana : — Olveston, Glouces- 
tershire. 

Aluion. See Albion. 

Alunna : — Castleshaw, Yorks. 

Alunus : — River Alan, Wales. 

Ambegianna. See Amboglanna. 

Ambesbiria : — Amesbury, Wilts. 

Amboglanna : — Ambleside, 

Westmoreland ; Burdos- 
wald, Cumberland. 

Ambresbiria : — Amesbury, Wilts. 

Ambreslega : — Ombersley, Wor- 
cestershire. 

Ambrosia, Ambrosii Burgus, 
Ambrosii Mons : — Ames- 
bury, Wilts. 

Ammera : — Anmere, Norfolk. 

Anachoreticus Vicus : — Anker- 
wick, Bucks. 

Anandia Vallis : — Annandale, 
Scotland. 

Ancalites : — A tribe near Hen- 
ley, Oxfordshire. 

Anchoreticus Sinus :- -Anker- 
wick, Bucks. 

Anderelio. See Anderida. 

Anderida : — Newenden, Kent ; 
Pevensey, Eastbourne, or 
Arundel, Sussex. 

Andeuera, Andouera: — ^Andover, 

Hants. 
Andium. See Adros. 

Andreapolis : — St. Andrew's, 

Scotland. See Fanum 

Reguli. 
Andresega : — An old monastery 

on the site of Burton Abbey, 

Staffordshire. 



Andrium, Andros : — Bardsey 
Island, Caernarvonshire. 
See Adros. 

Anecastrum : — Ancaster, Lin- 
colnshire. 

Anegus : — Angus, Scotland. 

Angelocum : — Ancaster, Lincoln- 
shire. 

Anglesega : — Anglesey. 

Anglia : — England. 

Angra, Angria :— Ongar, Essex. 

Anguillaria Insula : — Isle of 
Ely. 

Anguillarianus : — Of Ely. 

Angulia : — Flintshire. 

Angusia : — Angus, Scotland. 

Anicetis Civitas : — In Dorset. 

Ansoba : — River Galway, Ire- 
land. 

Antiuestceum promontorium : — 
Land's End, Cornwall. 

Antona : —River Avon, North- 
ants ; River Anton, Hants. 

Antona Australis :— Southamp- 
ton. 

Antona Borealis : — Northamp- 
ton. 

Antrum Flu. : — The Erme, 
Devonshire. 

Apaunaris Civitas : — In Devon- 
shire. 

Apelbia : — Appleby, Westmore- 
land. 

Apiacum : — Hexham, North- 
umberland ; Papcastle, Cum- 
berland. 

Apletrea : — Appledore, Kent. 

Applebeia, Applebera :— Appleby, 
Westmoreland . 



350 



The Record Interpreter. 



Apultrea : — Appledore, Devon. 

Aqua Rubra : — Redbourn, Herts ; 
Redbourne, Lincolnshire. 

Aquae Calidce : — Bath, Somerset. 

Aquae Solis, Suits : — Bath. 

Aqucedonurn : — Eton, Bucks ; 
Aikton, Cumberland. 

Aqucedunensis Saltus : — Water- 
den, Norfolk. 

Aqucedunum : — Waldron (?), Sus- 
sex ; Waterden, Norfolk. 

Aquceuadensis Pons : — Eye 
Bridge, Dorset. 

Aquapontanus : — Bridgwater, 
Somerset. 

Aquelmum : — Ewelme, Oxford- 
shire. 

Aquila : — Eagle, Lincolnshire.* 

Aquilodunum : — Hoxne, Suffolk. 

Aquis Civitas. See Aquce Ca- 
lidce. 

Aramis, Aranus Civitas : — In 
Dorset. 

Arbeia : — Moresby or Ireby, 
Cumberland ; Armley or 
Castleford, Yorks. 

Archfordensis : — Of Ardfert, Co. 

Kerry. 
Archmachia : — Armagh. 

Arclouium : — Arklow, co. Wick- 
low, Ireland. 

Arcmacensis : — Of Armagh. 

Arcmorensis : — Of Ardmore, 
Water ford. 

ArcubuSy Curia de : — Court of 
Arches. 

Ardacha : — Ardagh, co. Long- 
ford. 

Ardahachdensis : — Of Ardagh, 
Ireland. 



Ardaoneon Civitas: — OldSarum; 
Silchester, Hants. 

Ardatum : — Ardat or Ardathen, 
co. Kerry. 

Ardefertensis : — Of Ardfert, co. 
Kerry. 

Ardgathelia : — Argyle, Scotland. 

Ardmacha : — Armagh. 

Ardmoria : — Ardmore, co. 
Waterford. 

Ardrceum : — Ardee, co. Louth ; 
Ardree, co. Kildare, Ire- 
land. 

Ardraicum: — Ardagh, co. Long- 
ford. 

Ardua : — Lostwithiel, Cornwall. 

Arewa: — River Orwell, Suffolk. 

Argadia, Argathelia : — Argyle, 
Scotland. 

Argistillum : — In Gloucester- 
shire, or perhaps Arwystli, 
Powys. 

Argita : — Lough Foil, London- 
derry. Camden applies this 
name to Lough Swilley. 

Ariconium : — Kenohester, Ross, 
or Penyard Castle, Here- 
fordshire. 

Armaca : — Armagh, Ireland. 

Armanothia : — Ardmeanach, 
Scotland. 

Armethua : — Armathwaite, Cum- 
berland. 

Armis : — Bath. 

Armone : — Caernarvon. 

Arnemega : — Willoughby - on - 
the- Wolds, Notts. See Vero- 
metum. 

Arrania : — Isle of Arran, Scot- 
land. 



* The preceptory of the Ballivm Aquilce. 
of Laigle, in Normandy. 



Honor Aquila is the honour 



Latin Names of Places. 



351 



Arregaidela : — Argyle. 

Artkferdensis, Arthfertensis : — 
Of Ardfert, co. Kerry. 

Arthmorensis : — Of Ardmore, co. 
Waterford. 

Arundelia, ArundeUum : — Arun- 
del, Sussex. 

Arundinis Vadum: — Redbridge, 
Hants. 

Aruntina Vallis :— Arundel, Sus- 
sex. 

Arunus Flu. : — River Arun, Sus- 
sex. 

Aruone : — Caernarvon. 

Aruonia : — Caernarvonshire. 

Arus : — River Aire, Yorks. 

Asaphopolis : — St. Asaph, Flint- 
shire. 

Ascaranus. See Aiscaranus. 

Ascdala : — Eskdale. 

Athanaton, Athanatos : — Isle of 
Thanet. See Tanathos. 

Athesis Flu. : — River Tees. See 
Tesa. 

Atholia : — Athol, Scotland. 

Athra : — Athenry, co. Galway. 

Atina Insula : — Thanet. See 
Adtanatos. 

Atrebati: — People of Berks. 

Atrium Dei'. — Hinton, Somerset. 

Attacotti : — Conquered tribes N. 
of the Roman wall. 

Aualana : — Watchcross. See 
Aballaba. 

Aualonia: — Glastonbury, Somer- 
set. 

Auchelandia : — Bishops Auck- 
land, Durham. 



A ue : — River Avon, or Avin, 

Scotland. 
Auena Flu. : — River Avon, Wilts. 

Auenina, Auenna Flu. : — River 
Afan, or Avon, Glamorgan- 
shire. 

Auenmorus : — Blackwater river, 
Cork. 

Auennus : — River Avon, a tribu- 
tary of the Clyde, Scotland. 

Auentio Flu. : — River Aun, or 
Avon, Devon. 

Aufona : — River Avon, North- 
ants. 

Augusta : — Aust, Gloucester- 
shire. 

Augusta Trinobantum, Augusta : 
— London. 

Augustaldia : — Hexham, North- 
umberland. 

Auinus : — River Avon, or Avin, 
Scotland. 

Aula, vel Villa Antiqua : — Aid- 
bury, Herts. 

Aula Cervina : — Hart Hall, Ox- 
ford. 

Aumodishamum : — Amersham, 
Bucks; 

Auna : — Awn, bishopric in Ire- 
land. 

Au?iesf : — Elstow, Beds. 

Auona : — River Avon ; River 
Nen, Northants. 

Auona : — Bungay, Suffolk. 

Auona, Auondunum : — Hampton 
Court, according to Leland. 

Auona Littoralis, sive Aus- 
tralis : — Southampton. 

Auona Mediterranea, sive Bore- 
alis : — Northampton. 

Auonce Vallis : — Oundle, North- 
ants. 



352 



The Record Interpreter. 



Auondunum Limenorum : — 
Southampton. 

Auonii palatium : — Winchester 
House, Southwark. 

Aura : — Awre, Gloucestershire. 

Aurauanus. See Abrauannus. 

Aurea Vallis : — Golden Vale, 
Herts. 

Aurenium: — Alderney, or Herm 
Island. 

Aureum Vadum : — Guildford, 
Surrey. 

Ausoba. See Ansoba. 

Ausona : — River Avon, 
Northants. 

Auteri, Auterii : — People of Gal- 
way and Roscommon, Ire- 
land. 

Autona : — Avon, Northants. 

Axelodunum : — Hexham, North- 
umberland ; Burg h-b y- 
Sands, or Bowness, Cum- 
berland. 

Axeministra : — Axminster, 
Devon. 

Axiholma : — Axholme, Lincoln- 
shire. 

Axium Flu. : — Eiver Axe, Devon. 



B. 



Ba, Baa : — Bath. 

Babaglanda : — Burdoswald. See 
Amboglanna. 

Babbegraua : — Baggrave, Leices- 
tershire. 

Bachelagana, Bacheleia Sylva : — 
Bagley Wood, Berks. 

Bada : — Bath, Somerset. 

Baddanbyrig : — Badbury, 
Dorset. 



Badecanwella : — Bakewell, 
Derbyshire. 

Badiza : — Bath. See Aqua 
Calidce. 

Badonicus Mons : — Badon Hill, 
or Bannesdown, a hill near 
Bath. 

Badunum : — Bath. 

Baenburgus : — Bamborough, 
Northumberland. 

Bagilogana Sylva : — Bagley 
Wood, Berks. 

Bainardi Castellum: — Baynard's 
Castle, London. 

Bainus Pons : — Bainbridge, 
Yorks. 

Bala : — Bala, Merionethshire. 

Balingium : — Bowes-upon-Stan- 
more, Yorks. 

Balmureeum : — Balmerinach, 
Fife. 

Balnea, Balneodunum : — Bath. 

Baltifordia : — Waterford, Ire- 
land. 

Bam/um : — Banff, Scotland. 

Bona Insula : — An island oppo- 
site the mouth of the Eiver 
Taff, Glamorganshire. 

Banatia : — Bean Castle, Mur- 
ray ; Comrie, Perthshire ; 
or near Inverness. 

Bancornensis : — Of Bangor. 

Banesinga Villa : — Bensington, 

Oxfordshire. 
Banna : — Eiver Ban, Ulster. 

Banna : — Cambeck, or Castle- 
steeds, Cumberland. 

Bannauenna, Bannauentum : — 
Borough Hill, near Daven- 
try; or Weedon, Northants ; 
or Banbury, Oxfordshire. 



Latin Names of Places. 



353 



Banneberia : — Banbury, Oxford- 
shire. 

Bannio : — Abergavenny. See 
Gobannium. 

Bannochorus, Banyorium : — Ban- 
gor, N. Wales. 
Bannouallum. See Bannauenna. 

Banua : — Bannow, Ireland. 

Banus Flu. : — Biver Bain, Lin- 
colnshire. 
Bara : — Dunbar, Scotland. 

Barangce. See Brangonia. 

Barcsciria : — Berkshire. 

Bardeneia : — Bardney, Lincoln- 
shire. 

Bardunus : — Biver Bure, Nor- 
folk. 

Barnastapula : — Barnstaple, 
Devon. 

Baromaci. See Ccesaromayus. 

Baruicus, Barwicus : — Berwick- 
upon-Tweed. 

Basenga, Basingum : — Basing, 
Basingstoke, Hants. 

Basselawa : — Baslow, Derby- 
shire. 

Batalia : — Battle Abbey, Sussex. 

Batersega : — Battersea, Surrey. 

Bathciy Bathonia : — Bath. 

Batilfordia : — Waterford, Ire- 
land. 

Batonicus : — Of Bath. 

Bdora : — River Dore, Hereford- 
shire. 
Beanjlota : — Bamfleet, Essex. 

Bearrocscira : — Berkshire. 

Bealitudine, Abbatiade: — Bectiffe 
Abbey, co. Meath. 

Bebba, Bebbanbyrig : — Bambo- 
rough, Northumberland. 

M. 



Bechewrda : — Badgworth, 

Somerset. 
Bechlanda : — Byland, Yorks. 

Bedeforda : — Bedford. 

Bedericia, Bedericum : — St. Ed- 
mundsbury, Suffolk. 

Bedfordia : — Bedford. 

Begesse : — A town on the Wall 

of Antonine. 
Beggewurda : — Badgworth, 

Somerset. 
Belaisena : — Ballinasloe, co. 

Galway. 

Belerium promontorium : — The 
Land's End. 

BeJgce : — Inhabitants of Somer- 
set, Wilts, and Hants, in 
Ca3sar's time occupying the 
South Coast. 

Belgce: — Wells, Somerset. 

Belinus Smus : — Billingsgate. 

Belisama : — River Ribble, or 
Mersey, Lancashire. 

Bella Vallis : — Beauvale, in 
Gresley Park, Notts. 

Bellalanda : — Byland, Yorks. 

Bellesitum : — Oxford. 

BeUisama. See Belisama. 

Bellocliuum, Bellodesertum : — 
Beldesert, or Beaudesert, 
Warwickshire. 

Bellomariscus : — Beaumaris, Isle 

of Anglesey. 
Bellositum : — City of Oxford. 

Bellum : — Battle, Sussex. 

Bellum Beccum : — Beau Bee, co. 

Meath. 
Bellum Caput : — Beauchief, 

Derbyshire. 

Bellum Verum : — Bel voir, 
Leicestershire. 

A A 



354 



The Record Interpreter. 



Bellus Campus : — Bulcamps, 
Suffolk. 

Bellus Locus : — Beaulieu, Hants ; 
Beaulieu, Moddry or Myl- 
brook, Beds. ; Beauly, In- 
verness ; Beaudesert, War- 
wickshire ; Killagh, Kerry, 
Ireland. 

Bellus Locus Regis : — Beaulieu 
Abbey, Hants. 

Bellus Portus : — Kilclehin, co. 
Kilkenny. 

Beluerum : — Belvoir, Leicester- 
shire. 

Benethleya : — Bentley, Middle- 
sex. 

Bennauenna. See Bannauenna. 

Bennones. See Venonce. 

Bentensis : — For Ventensis. See 

Venta. 
Beohrtforda: — Burford, Oxon. 

Bera : — Bere Forest, Hants ; 
Beer, Dorset. 

Berca : — Barcombe, Sussex. 

Berceia, Berceria : — Berkshire. 

Bercheleia : — Berkeley, Glouces- 
tershire. 

Bercheria : — Berkshire. 

Bercheya : — Barraway, Cam- 
bridgeshire. 

Berclea : — Berkeley, Gloucester- 
shire. 

Berdeniya : — Bardney, Lincoln- 
shire. 

Berdeseia : — Bardsey Island, or 
Ynys Enlli, Caernarvon- 
shire. 

Berdestapla : — Barnstaple, 
Devon ; Barstable, Essex. 

Berechinyum : — Barking, Essex. 

Bereda. See Voreda. 



Berekinyum : — Barking, Essex. 

Berya : — Bridgnorth, Shrop- 
shire. 

Beryefelda :— Burghfield, Berks. 

Beryonium : — A vitrified fort, 
opposite Connell Ferry, at 
the mouth of Loch Etive, 
Lome. 

Berkeria : — Berkshire. 

Berkleia : — Berkeley, Gloucester- 
shire. 

Bermundesaia, Bermundsheia, 
Bermundi Insula : — Ber- 
mondsey, Surrey. 

Bemardi Castellum : — Barnard 
Castle, Durham. 

Bernia. See Hibernia. 

Bernicia : — Province reaching 
from the River Tees to the 
Frith of Forth. 

Beroyomum : — A castle in Lorn, 
Scotland. 

Bersetelawawapentayium : — Bas- 
setlaw Wapentake, Notts. 

Berua : — River Barrow, Ireland. 

Berubium promontorium : — Dun- 
cansby Head, or more pro- 
bably Noss Head, Caithness, 
Scotland. 

Beruchensis : — Of Berkshire. 

Berzdcium, Berwicus : — Berwick. 

Betesdenna : — Bediston, Devon. 

Beuerlacum, Beuerlea : — Bever- 
ley, Yorks. 

Bibrocassi, Bibroci: — A tribe 
near Bray, Berks. 

Bimonium : — Binchester, Dur- 
ham. See Vinnouium. 

Bindoyladia. See Vindocladia. 



Latin Names of Places. 



355 



Binonium, Binouia, Binouium : — 
Binchester, Durham. See 
Vinnouium. 

Birgus : — River Barrow, Water- 
ford. 
Biria : — Berryn Arbor, Devon. 

Birila Insula : — Burril Island, 

co. Down, Ireland. 
Birnwda : — Burnhain Wood. 

Bishamum : — Bustlesham, or 
Bisham, Berks. 

Bistaghnensis : — Of Glendalough, 

co. Wicklow. 
Blacamora : — Blackmore, North 

Hiding of Yorks. 
Blacinctona : — Blatchington, 

Sussex. 
Blacna : — Blakeney. 

Bladince Monies : — Sliabh Bladh- 
ma, now called Slieve Bloom 
Mountains, in the barony 
of Ossory, Queen's County, 
Ireland . 

Bladunum : — Malmesbury. See 
Maidulphi Curia. 

Blakingraua : — A hundred of 
Wilts, temp. H. II. 

Blancaforda : — Blandford, Dor- 
set. 

Blancalanda : — Blanch Land, 
Northumberland ; White- 
land, Oaermarthenshire. 

Blancum Castrum : — White Cas- 
tle, or Blane Castle, Mon- 
mouthshire. 

Blanii: — A tribe about Dublin. 

Blatum Bulgium, Ablatum Bul- 
gium : — Middleby, Dum- 
fries ; or Bowness, or Car- 
dunnoek, Cumberland. 

Bledewurda : — Blidworth, Notts. 

Blengata hundredum : — Black- 
heath hundred, Kent. 



Blestium : — Monmouth ; Old- 
town, Herefordshire. 
Blia, Blida : — Blythe, Notts. 

Blidberia, Blieberia : — Blewbury, 

Berks. 
Blithodunum : — Blyton, Line. 

Blokelega : — Blockley, Worces- 
tershire. 

Blya\— Blythe, Notts. 

Boanda, Boandus : — River 
Boyne, Ireland. 

Bobium. See Bomium. 

Boccania, Boccinia, Boccinum : — 
Buckingham ; Buckenham, 
Norfolk. 

Bodenna : — Bodmin, Cornwall. 

Boderia. See Bodotria. 

Bodianum : — Bodiam, Sussex. 

Bodotria : — Frith of Forth. 

Boduni. See Dobuni. 

Boena : — A town in the west of 
Scotland. 

Boghania : — Buchan, Aberdeen- 
shire, Scotland. 

Boisgraua : — Boxgrove, Sussex. 

Bolbenda : — K. Beaumont, Dur- 
ham. 

Bolerium : — The Land's End. 

Boleshouera, Bolesoura : — Bol- 

sover, Derbyshire. 
Boluelaunio : — Poole, Dorset. 
Bomina : — Bodmin, Cornwall. 

Bomium : — Cowbridge, Bover- 
ton, or Bridgend, Glamor- 
ganshire ; or Axbridge, 
Somerset. 

Bonium. Bonuium : — Stretton, 
Baugor, or Queenhope, 
Flintshire; Bunbury, 
Cheshire ; or Whitchurch, 
Shropshire. 

A A 2 



356 



The Record Interpreter. 



Bonno. See Bomium. 



Borceum prom. 
Ireland. 



Malin Head, 



Borcouicum, Borcouitium, Bor- 
couium : — Housesteads, Nor- 
thumberland ; Berwick. 

Bosco, Domus S. Egidii in : — 
Flamsted, Herts. 

Boscus Arsus : — Brentwood, 
Essex (Fr. Boisars). 

Boselawa: — Baslow, Derbyshire. 

Bosmanacha : — Bodmin, Corn- 
wall. 

Bosphorus Picticus : — Pentland 
Frith, Scotland. 

Bosuenna : — Bodmin, Cornwall. 

Botelega : — Botley, Hants ; Bol- 

ney, Oxfordshire. 
Bothmenia . — Bodmin, Cornwall. 

Botis : — Bute Island, West Coast 

of Scotland. 
Bouenia : — Boveney, Berks. 
Bouium. See Bomium, Bonium. 
Boxelega, Boxeleia : — Boxley, 

Kent. 

Boxora : — Boxford, Berks. 

Braboniacum. See Bremetona- 
cum, Bremeturacum, Bro- 
uonacis. 

Bracchium : — Burgh, or Bain- 
bridge, Yorks. 

Brachilega : — Brackley, 
Northants. 

Bradeweya : — Broadway, 
Worcestershire. 

Brage. See Brige. 

Braitha : — Eiver Brathay, Lan- 
cashire. 
Bramenium. See Bremenium. 



Bramptonia : — Brampton, near 
Huntingdon. 

Branconium. See Branoricum. 

Brangonia, Bramwgenium : — 
Bangor. See also Branori- 
cum. 

Brangoria : — Bangor. 

Branodunum : — Brancaster, 
Norfolk. 

Branoricum, Branouium, Braui- 
nium, Brauonium : — Worces- 
ter ; Ludlow, Leintwardine, 
or Onibury, Shropshire. 

Brechinia : — Brecknock. 

Brechinium: — Brechin, Scotland. 

Bredenestreta : — Broadways, 
Worcestershire. 

Brehinium. See Brechinium. 

Breinensis : — Of Brechin, Scot- 
land. 

Brembra : — Bramber, Sussex. 

Bremenium : — Newcastle or 
High Rochester, North- 
umberland ; Brampton, 
Northants. 

Bremesgraua : — Bromsgrove, 
Worcestershire. 

Bremetonacum : — Overborough, 
Lancaster, or Clitheroe, 
Lancashire. 

Bremeturacum : — Either the 
same as Bremetonacum ; Old 
Penrith or Bromfield, Cum- 
berland ; or Bibchester, 
Lancashire. 

Brendanici Montes : — Knock 
Brandon, Kerry. 

Brendanicum Mare : — The 

Atlantic. 
Brenna : — Breubege or Bryna- 

bege, Glamorgan. 






Latin Names of Places. 



357 



Brentce Vadum : — Brentford, 
Middlesex. 

Bresnetenati Veteranorum. See 
Bremeturacum and Bremeto- 
nacum. 



Brexarum 
shire. 



Burgh, Lincoln- 



Bribra : — Perhaps the same as 
Bremeturacum. 

Brigantes: — Inhabitants of 
Yorkshire, Lancashire, Dur- 
ham, Westmoreland and 
Cumberland ; also of Water- 
ford and Kilkenny, Ireland, 
and Galloway, Scotland. 

Brigantium : — York. 

Brige : — Bridgnorth, Shropshire ; 
Broughton, or Titchfield 
Bay, Hants; Ryde. 

Briges. See Brigantes. 

Brigewatera : — Bridgwater, 
Somerset. 



Briyomono : 
town. 



Bargeny, Wig- 



Brigus: — Barrow River, Ireland. 

Brillendunum : — Bridlington, 
Yorks. 

Brimesgraua : — Bromsgrove, 
Worcestershire. 

Brincaburga : — Brinkburn, Nor- 
thumberland. 

Brinchelawa : — Brinklow, War- 
wickshire. 

Briodunum : — Bredon, Worces- 
tershire. 



Bristelmestuna 

Sussex. 



Brighton, 



Bristoldum : — Bristol. 

Bristolia, Bristolium, Bristollum, 
Bristowa : — Bristol. 

Britanni : — People of Britain. 



Britannia Prima : — Britain south 
of the Thames. 

Britannia Secunda : — B r i t a i n 
west of the Severn ; or from 
Bristol Channel to Mersey, 
and from Thames to Hum- 
ber. 

Britannicus Oceanus : — English 
Channel. 



Britannodunum 
Scotland. 



Dumbarton, 



Brithania. See Britannia. 

Bri tones :— People of Britain. 

Britonum Castrum : — Dunbrit- 
ton, or Dumbarton, Scot- 
land. 

Brocara, Brocauo : — Brough or 
Brougham- on - the-Eamont, 
Westmoreland. 

Broconiacum : — Brougham, 
Westmoreland. 

Brodenestreta : — Broadways, 
Worcestershire. 

Bromfelda : — Bromf eld, Den- 
bighshire. 

Brouonacis : — Aldstone Moor, 
Brough, Brougham, or 
Kirkbythure, Westmore- 
land. 

Brueria: — Bruerne Abbey, Oxon. 

Bruga : — Bridgnorth, Shrop- 
shire. 

Bruga Walteri: — Bridgewater, 
Somerset. 

Brugia : — Bridge, Devon. 

Bruhella : — Brill, Bucks. 

Brutannia. See Britannia. 

Brycstowa : — Bristol. 

Brygiona : — Boxgrove, Sussex. 

Bubris. See Dubris. 



358 



The Record Interpreter. 



Buccinyhania : — Buckingham. 

Buchania : — Buchan, Scotland. 

Bucostenum : — Buxton, Derby- 
shire. 

Budeforda : — Bedford. 

Buellium : — Boyle, Ireland. 

Buffestra : — Buckfastleigh, 
Devon. 

Buksiria : — Buckinghamshire. 

BuJgium : — Bowness, Cumber- 
land. 

Bullceum : — Builth, Brecknock ; 
or Usk, Monmouth. 

Bumsteda : — Bumpstead, Essex. 

Bungehia : — Bungay, Suffolk. 

Burgamera : — Bolmer, Sussex. 

Burgensis Pons : — Borough- 
bridge, Yorks. 

Burgodunum : — Burton, Staf- 
fordshire. 

Burgus : — Brough, Westmore- 
land ; Peterborough; 
Burgh, Norfolk ; Bridg- 
north, Shropshire. 

Burgus Regine: — Queenborough, 
Kent. 

Burgus super Zabulum : — Burgh - 
by-Sands, Cumberland. 

Bur hell a. See Bruhella. 

Buroauerus. See Durouemum. 

Buroleuo. See DuroJenum. 

Burrio : — Usk, Monmouthshire ; 
Ledbury, Hereford. 

Burwardescota : — Buscot, Berks. 

Buseneia : — Binsey, Oxon. 

Bustelli Domus : — Bustlesham 
or Bisham, Berks. 

Huuenia : — Bovenev, Berks. 



Buuinda : — River Boyne, Ire- 
land. 

Byligesleaya : — Billingsley, 
Shropshire. 

Byrdena : — Burdon, Durham. 



C. 



Cacaria : — Tadcaster or Aberf ord , 
Yorks. 

Caerdiffa : — Cardiff, Glamorgan- 
shire. 

Caerdigania : — Cardigan. 

Caer-Lincoit : — Lincoln. See 

Lincolinum. 
Caermardinia : — Caermarthen, 

Wales. 
Caerperis : — Porchester, Hants. 

Caerseuerus : — Salisbury, Wilts. 

Ccesarea, Ccesaria: — Jersey. 

Ccesaris Burgus : — Searbyrig, 
Old Sarum. 

Cccsaromagus : — C helms ford, 
Writtle, Widford, Burnt- 
wood, Canvey Island, or 
Billericay, Essex. 

Calacum. See Galacum. 

Calaterium : — P. Calder, Yorks. 

Calaterium Nemus : — Forest of 
Galtress, Yorks. 

Calatum. See Galacum. 

Calcaria : — Tadcaster or Aber- 
ford, Yorks. 

Calcetum : — A monastery near 

Lewes. 

Calcoensis, Calchouensis : — Of 
Kelso, Scotland. 

Catena, Nalcua. See Calleua 
and Galleua. 



Latin Names of Places, 



359 



Caldei Insula : — Ynys Pyr, or 
Caldey Island, Pembroke- 
shire. 

Calderus Flu. : — River Calder, 
Yorks. 

Caledonia : — Callander, Perth- 
shire. It is also used for the 
whole of Scotland. 

Caledonia Sylva: — Argyle, Loch- 
aber and Moray. 

Caledonii : — Inhabitants of 
north-west of Scotland. 

Caledonium Castrum: — Dunkeld. 

Calyachi Roboretum : — Doire 
Chalgaich, Derry, Ireland. 

C didonifB Sylvce: — Florus applies 
this name to the interior of 
England. 

Calkoensis : — Of Kelso. 

Calleua : — Basingstoke, Hants. 

Calleua Attrebatum. See Galleua 
Atrebatum. 

Calna : — Calne, Wiltshire. 

Calonia: — Coldingham, Berwick. 

Calunio : — Same as Galacum ; 
or Wakefield, Yorks. 

Camaldunum, Camalodunum : — 
Maldon, Colchester, or Lex- 
den, Essex. 

Camaletum :— Camel, Somerset. 

Cambium Reyale : — Poyal Ex- 
change, London. 

Cambodunum : — Almondbury, 
Greetland, or Elland, West 
Hiding of Yorkshire. 

Camboricum, Camborium : — Ick- 
lingham, Suffolk ; or Cam- 
bridge. 

Cambretonium. See Combere- 
tonium. 



Cambria : — Wales. 

Cambula : — P. Camel, Cornwall. 

Camelodunum : — Doncaster, 
Yorks. 

Camerum: — Castell Cwm Aram, 
Denbighshire. 

Camestrum : — Campsterne, 
Dorset. 

Camolodunum. See Camaldunum. 
Campodumim. See Cambodunum. 

Campus Alius : — Hatfield, or 

Hautfield, Herts. 
Campus Fabrum : — Smithfield, 

London. 

Campus Nouo-Forensis : — New- 
market Heath, Cambridge- 
shire. 

Camudolanum. See Cambodu~ 
num. 

Camulodunum. See Camaldu- 
num and Cambodunum. 

Cana Insula : — Sheppy. See 
Counos. 

Canachina Silva : — Cannock 
Chase, Staffordshire. 

Canani Terra : — Merioneth. 

Cancani : — People living in Car- 
narvonshire. 
Cancanum. See Canyanorum. 

Cancia : — Kent. 

CandaHa: — Kendal, Westmore- 
land. 

Candida Casa : — Whitehorn, 
Whithern, Wigtonchirp. 

Candida Ecclesia: — Whitchurch, 
Salop. 

Canewflla : — Canwell, Stafford- 
shire, a Benedictine Priory. 

Canyanorum promontorium : — 
Braichy Pwll Point, Car- 
narvonshire. The same as 
Ganyanum. 



360 



The Record Interpreter. 



Cangi : — A tribe in Somerset, 
or perhaps the same as 
Cancani. 

Caninga : — Bishop's Canning, 
Wilts. 

Canonium : — Canewdon, or Fam- 
bridge, or near Kelvedon, 

Essex. 

Canouaci : — People in Argyle, 
Lorn, and Lennox. 

Cantabrigia : — Cambridge. 

Cantce : — A tribe in Sutherland- 
shire. 

Cantebrigia : — Cambridge. 

Cantia, Cantium : — Kent. 

Cantiuenti : — A tribe probably 
in Westmoreland. 

Cantium promontorium : — The 
North Foreland, Kent. 

Cantuaria : — Canterbury. 

Cantuaritce : — Kentish Saxons. 

Canubio. See Conouium. 

Caprce Caput, Caprocephalia : — 
Gateshead, Durham. See 
Gabrocentum. 

Capreolum : — Cheverell, Wilts ; 

some place in Brecon (?). 
Carbantium : — Caerlaverock, 

Dumfriesshire. 
Carbantotigum : — Drummore, 

Dumfries ; Caerlaverock. 

Carbonarius Collis : — Coleshill, 

Flintshire. 
Carcaria. See Calcaria. 

Cardelum : — Carlisle. 

Cardigania :- Cardigan, Wales. 

Careni: — Inhabitants of Caith- 
ness. 

Cnrleolium, Carleolum : — Car- 
lisle. 



Carmarthinia : — Caermarthen. 
Carnaruonia : — Caernarvon. 

Carnetum : — Carnedon Prior, 

Cornwall. 
Carnonacce : — People of Koss, 

Scotland. 
Carphillis : — A castle, supposed 

to have been built by the 

Romans, Glamorganshire. 

Carricta : — Carrick, Scotland. 
Carrum : — Charmouth, Dorset ; 

Carham, Northumberland. 
Carsuilla : — Kerswell, Devon. 

Cartusia : — Witham Charter- 
house, Somerset. 
Carugia : — Kerry, Ireland. 

Casa Candida. See Candida 

Casa. 
Casella : — Cashel, Ireland. 

Cassi, Cassii : — A tribe in Hert- 
fordshire. 
Cassilia, :-— Cashel, Ireland. 

Cassiterides : — Scilly Islands. 

Cassiuelauni oppidum : — St. Al- 
ban's. See Verolamium. 

Casta Silua : — Kilcreunata, co. 
Galway. 

Castellum Haroldi :— Haroldes- 
ton, in the deanery of Boss. 

Castra: — Caistor, Lincolnshire. 

Castra Alata. See Alata Castra. 

Castra Exploratorum : — Burgh 
by Sands, Netherby, Old 
Castle, or Bowness, Cum- 
berland. 

Castrodunum : — Chesterton, 

Cambridgeshire. 
Cast rum Iiritonum : — Dunbrit- 

ton, Scotland. 
Castrum Caledonium : — Dunkeld. 



Latin Names of Places. 



36] 



Castrum Cubit:— Holyhead. 

Castrum de Aruon : — Caernar- 
von Castle. 

Castrum Dei: — Fermoy Abbey, 
Ireland. 

Castrum de Vies : — Devizes, 

Wilts. 
Castrum Episcopi : — Bishop's 

Castle, Shropshire. 

Castrum Godrici : — Goodrich, 
Herefordshire. 

Castrum Legionis, Leonis : — 
Holt Castle, Denbigh- 
shire. 

Castrum Matildis : — Painscastle, 
Herefordshire. 

Castrum Oscce : — Usk, Mon- 
mouthshire. 

Castrum Puellarum : — Edin- 
burgh. 

Cataracta, Cataractonium : — 
Thornbrough, near Thirsk, 
Allerton, or Catterick 
Bridge, Yorks. 

Cataracta Flu. : — Kiver Swale, 
Yorks. 

Catenessa : — Caithness. 

Cateracta : — Catterick, Yorks. 

Cateuchlani. See Catuellani. 

CatguiJia : — Kidwelly, Carmar- 
thenshire. 

Cathania: — Caithness, Scotland. 

Cathinensis : — Of Caithness. 

Catini : — People of Caithness. 

Catteleia : — Catley, Lincolnshire. 

Catuellani, Catyeuchlani : — 
People of Buckingham, 
Bedford, and Hertford- 
shire. 



Cauci: — Tribe living in Wick- 
low, Ireland. 

Cauda : — B. Calder, Cumber- 
land. 

Cauda Alicii : — La Quealiz, a 
wood in Brill Forest, Bucks. 

Cauna. See Counos. 

Caunonio. See Canonium. 

Causenna, Causennis : — Boston, 
Ancaster, Brig Casterton, or 
Swineshead, Lincolnshire. 

Caua : — Cave, Yorks. 

Cauce Dirat : — Holderness, 
Yorks. 

Cauerna Viperina : — Aspeden, 
Herts. 

Cauoda : — Cawood, Yorks. 

Caivda. See Cauoda. 

Cealchithe: — Chalk, Kent; Chel- 
sea. 

Cealtide : — Chelsea. 

Ceangi. See Cangi. 

Ceastra : — Chester ; Chester-le- 
Street, Durham. 

Celerion : — Callander Castle, 
Perthshire. 

Cella Canici : — Kilkenny. 

CeJla Reguli: — Kilreule, St. An- 
drew's. 
Cella S. Brigittce : — Kilbride. 

Celnius Flu. : — Kiver Findhorn, 
or River Spey, Elgin. 

Celouion. See Celerion. 

Celunno. See Cilurnum. 

Celurca : — Montrose, Forfar. 

Cenenensis : — Of Kells, Ireland. 

Cenimagni : — The same as the 
Iceni, a tribe in the east of 
Britain. 



362 



The Record Interpreter. 



Cenion Flu. : — River Falle, 
Cornwall. 

Centum fontes : — Hundreds- 
kelde, or Hinderwell, 
Yorks. 

Ceolesega : — Selsey, Sussex. 

CeoJeseyia : — Cliolsey, Berks. 

Cerda : — Chard, Somerset. 

Cerda Selyouarum : — Dumfries. 

Cerdici Vadum : — Cliardford, 
Hants. 

Ceretica : — Ceredigion, a pro- 
vince of S. Wales ; Car- 
diganshire. 

Cerneia : — Charney, Berks. 

Cernelium : — Cerne, Dorset. 

Cernualia, Curnualia : — Corn- 
wall. 

Cerones, Ceronii : — Inhabitants 
of Lochaber and Ross. 

Cerota Insula : — Chertsey, 
Surrey. 

Cerqueyum : — Sark. 

Cerringa : — Charing, Kent. 

Certesia : — Chertsey, Surrey. 

Cerui Insula : — Chertsey ; also 
Hartlepool, Durham. 

Cesar ea, Cesaria : — Jersey. 

Cesaris Tumulus'. — Cam Ceasra, 
Connaught. 

Cestratona : — Chesterton. 

Ceslre : — Is used for York, Ches- 
ter, and Chester-le- Street. 

Ceslrescira : — Cheshire. 

Cestria : — Chester ; Cheshire ; 
Chester-le- Street, Durham; 
Castle Knock, Dublin. 

Cestrisiria : — Cheshire. 



Chaluelea : — Cheveley, Cam- 
bridgeshire. 

Chanani Terra : — Merioneth. 

Chanrea, Chanoricum : — Chan- 
onry, Ross- shire. 

Chardum : — Chard, Somerset. 

Chathania. See Catkania. 

Chauci. See Cauci. 

Chauseya : — Cheausey, or Chol- 
sey, Berks. 

Cheleswurda : — Chelworth, 
Wilts. 

Chelmerium : — Chelmsford, 
Essex. 

Chemesinya : — Kemsing, Kent. 

Chentenses : — Kentish men. 

Chepstouium : — Chepstow, Mon- 
mouthshire. 

Chesterfelda : — Chesterfield, 
Derbyshire. 

Chestria, Chestrum. See Cestria. 

Cheua : — Kew, Surrey. 

Chibii Castrum : — Holyhead, 
Anglesey. 

Chicum : — St. Osith, Essex. 

Chienfernensis : — Of Clonfert, 
Ireland. 

Chimela: — Keymer, Sussex. 

Chijicylissi Castrum : — KenU- 
worth Castle, Warwick- 
shire. 

Chinyesordia : — King's Worthy, 
Hants. 

Chinyestona : — Kingston. 

Chinyeswuda : — Kingswood. 

Chinyeswurtha : — King's Wor- 
thy, Hants. 

Chirca : — Chirk, Denbighshire. 



Latin Names of Places. 



363 



Chirchbeia : — Kirkby, Kirby. 

Chiri?iyecestra : — Cirencester, 
Gloucestershire. 

Chonderensis : — Of Connor, co. 
Antrim. 

Chorfa : — Corfe, Dorset. 

Choro Benedicti, Abbatia de : — 
Chore or Middleton Abbey, 
Cork. 

Chridiantune : — Crediton, Devon. 

Cibra : — A town on or near the 
Antonine Wall. 

Cica : — Chick St. Osyth, Essex. 

Ciceastria, Cicestria (Cissaceas- 
tre) : — Chichester, Sussex. 

Cilurnum, Cilurinum : — Wal- 
wick Chesters, or Collerton, 
Northumberland. 

Cindocellum : — A town in Scot- 
land, north of Anto nine's 
Wall. 

Cirecestria, Cirence stria, Ciri- 
nium : — Cirencester, Glouc. 

Cirnea : — Charney, Gloucester- 
shire. 



Cissaceastre 

Sussex. 



Chichester, 



Ciuella : — Cheveley. 

Ciuitas Legionum : — Caerleon, 
Monmouthshire ; Chester. 

Clandensis : — Glendalough, 
Wicklow. 

Clanouenta : — Lanchester, Dur- 
ham ; Cockermouth or 
Ellenborough, Cumberland. 

Clara : — County of Clare, Ire- 
land. 

Clarentia :— Clare, Suffolk. 
Clariu : — Clare County, Ireland. 



Clarofontanus, Clarus Forts : — 
JSherborne, Dorset ; Moy- 
coscain, co. Derry. 

Claudia Castra, Claudia: — Glou- 
cester. 

Claudiana provincia : — Glouces- 
tershire. 

Claudiocestrii : — Gloucester. 

Clausentum : — Bishop's Wal- 
tham ; Southampton ; Bit- 
tern, Hants ; Chichester, 
Sussex. 

Clauinio : — A town probably in 
Dorset. 

Clawurda : — Clay worth, Notts. 

Cledhea Flu. : — Biver Cleddy, 
Pembrokeshire. 

Cleituna : — Clayton, Sussex. 

Cleocestria : — Gloucester. 

Clera Regis : — Kingsclere, 
Hants. 

Cletlinga : — Cleatlam, Durham. 

Cleuum : — Gloucester. See 
Claudia. 

Clidum : — Ardoch, Perthshire. 
See Lindum. 

Cliua : — King's Cliff, Northants. 

Cliuelanda : — Cleveland. 

Clocheria, Clocherium : — Clog- 
her, Ireland. 

Cloenensis : — Clonmacnois, 
King's County, Ireland. 

Clokorna : — Clogher, Tjrone. 

Clona : — Clone or Cloone, Ire- 
land. 

Clonfertum : — Clonfert, Cork. 

Clot a : — River Clyde. 

Clouesho : — Cliffe at Hoo, Kent. 

Cluainfertmsis :— Clonfert, Cork. 



364 



The Record Interpreter. 



Cluainvanea, Cluanania, Clua- 
num : — Cloyne, co. Cork, 
Ireland. 



Cluanumensis 
Cork. 



-Of Cloyne, co. 



Cluda : — River Clyde. 

Cluenerardensis : — Of Clonard, 
co. Meath. 

Cluida, Cluta: — R. Clwyd, Den- 
bighshire. 

Clunererardensis : — Of Clonard, 

co. Meath. 
Clutina Vallis : — Diffryncloyd, 

Wales. 
Cnapa : — Knepp, Surrey. 

Cnaresburgus: — Knaresborough, 
Yorks. 

Cnobheriburgus : — Burgh Castle, 
Suffolk. 

Coantia : — R. Kent, Westmore- 
land. 

Cocarus : — R. Coke, Yorks. ; 
Cocker, Lancashire. 

Coccium — Blackrode, or Rib- 
chester, Lancashire. 

Cocuneda Civitas: — On the River 
Coquet, Northumberland. 

Cocwuda : — R. Coquet. 

Cognacta : — Connaught, Ireland. 

Coguuensuron Flu. : — R. Soar, 
Leicestershire. 

Coila : — Kyle, W. of Scotland. 

Cokarus. See Cocarus. 

Colania : — Carstairs, or Craw- 
ford. Lanarkshire ; Colding- 
ham, Berwickshire. 

Colanica : — Coldingham, or 
Colchester. 

Colcestria : — Colchester, Essex. 

Coldania : — Coldiugham. 



Coleceastra, Colecestra : — Col- 
chester, Essex. 

Collis Magnus : — Crug Mawr, 
Pembrokeshire. 

Collis Victoria : — Knockmoy, a 
Cistercian Abbey, co. Gal- 
way. 

Colmonora. See Cumanora. 

Colnia Flu. : — River Colne. 

Colonia : — Colchester, Maldon, 
or Mersea Strood, Essex. 

Colonia Victricensis : — Maldon, 

Essex. 

Coludum : — Coldingham, Ber- 
wickshire. 

Colunum : — Colnbrook, Bucks. 

Comber etonium : — Brettenham ; 
Stratford St. Andrew ; or 
Hadleigh, Suffolk. 

Combreto uium. See Comber e- 
tonium. 

Comparcus : — Combe Park, 
Surrey. 

Conacta : — Province of Con- 
naught, Ireland. 

Conallea : — Tirconnell, Ireland. 

Concangios : — Watercrook, near 
Kendal ; or Chester-le- 
Street, Durham ; or Burgh, 
near Woodbridge, Suffolk. 

Concani : — People of Munster, 
Ireland. 

Condate : — Congleton, North- 
wich, Kinderton, or Arley 
Hall, Great Bud worth, 
Cheshire. 

Condercum : — Chester-le-Street, 
Durham ; Benwell, North- 
umberland. 

Congauata : — Stanwix, or Drum- 
burgh, Cumberland. 



Latin Names of Places. 



365 



Congericuria : — Congersbury, 
Somerset. 

Connaccia, Connachtia : — Con- 
naught, Ireland. 

Connacta : — Connaught. 

Connaria : — Connor, co Antrim, 
Ireland. 

Connatium : — Connaught. 

Conneria, Conner turn. See Con- 
naria. 

Cononium : — Chelmsford, Essex. 

Conouium : — Caer Rhyn, or Caer- 
hen, on the Conway, Caer- 
narvonshire. 

Conouium, Conouius : — River 
Conway, North Wales; also 
used for the Town of 
Conway. 

Contaracta : — River Swale, 
Yorks. 

Conuennon, Conuennos Insula. 
See Counos. 

Conuentria : — Coventry, War- 
wickshire. 
Conuetoni. See Comberetonium. 

Coqueda, Coquedus : — Coquet 
River, in Northumberland. 

Coqueda Insula : — The Isle of 
Coquet, on the coast of 
Northumberland. 

Corcagia : — Cork, Ireland. 

Corcensis : — Of Cork. 

Corda : — Cumnock, Ayrshire ; 
Lynekirk, Peebles, or some 
town near Loughcure, Scot- 
land. 

Coria : — Corbridge, Northum- 
berland. 

Coria, Curia Ottadinorum : — 
Jedburgh, Roxburghshire ; 
or Currie, Edinburghshire. 



Coria Damniorum : — Carstairs, 
Lanark ; or Kirkurd, 
Peebles. 

Corie : — Patrington, Yorks. 

Coriendi :— A tribe in Wexford, 
Ireland. 

Corinea : — Cornwall. 

Corinium. Corinium Dobunorum : 
— Cirencester, Gloucester- 
shire. 

Corinus Flu. : — The River 
Churne, Gloucestershire. 

Coriondi : — Folk in South Ire- 
land. 

Coritani, Coritaui : — People of 
Northampton, Leicester, 
Rutland, Derby, and Not- 
tingham shires. 

Cornabii: — Tribe in Strathna- 
vern, Scotland. 

Cornauii, Cornabii : — Inhabi- 
tants of Warwick, Worces- 
ter, Stafford, . Shropshire, 
and Cheshire. 

Corneliensis : — Of Cerne, Dorset. 



Cornualia, Cornuallia 
wall. 

Cornubia : — Cornwall. 



Corn- 



Cornuium Monasterium : — Horn- 
church, Essex. 

Corragia : — Cork. 

Corstopilum, Corstopitum : — Cor- 
bridge, Morpeth, Gorbet, 
or Corchester. Northumber- 
land. 

Corsula Insula : — Perhaps Holy- 
head. 

Coruesgeata : — Corfe, Dorset. 

Coterinus Mons : — Cotterdale, 
North Riding of Yorkshire. 



366 



The Record Interpreter. 



Cotteswoldia : — Cots wold, Glou- 
cestershire. 

Cottona : — Cotham, near Yarm, 
Durham. 

Coualia : — Kyle, Ayrshire. 

Couentria: — Coventry, Warwick- 
shire. 

Couesgraua : — Cosgrove, North- 
ants. 

Couiburchelega: — Coverly, Glou- 
cestershire. 

Couintrea : — Coventry, Warwick- 
shire. 

Counos : — Isle of Sheppey, 
Kent ; or Canvey Island, 

Essex. 

Cranburna, Craneburgus : — 
Cranborne, Dorset. 

Crativallis : — Cratundene, Cam- 
bridgeshire. 

Craua, Crauena : — Craven, 
Yorks. 

Creccanforda : — Cricklade, Wilts. 

Crecolada : — Cricklade, Wilts. 

Credigone : — Caerriden, on the 

Wall of Antonine. 
Credio i^-Crediton, Devon. 
Crenodunum : — Crendon, Bucks. 
Creones : — Tribe living in Ross. 

See Cerones. 

Cricgealada : — Cricklade, Wilts. 

Cridea, Cridia , Cridia tu num, 
Cridiodunum : — Crediton, 
or Kirton, Devonshire. 

Crococalana,Crocolana : — Ancas- 
ter, Lincolnshire ; Brough, 
near Collmgham ; or Car- 
Colston, Notts. 

Croucingo : — Crosby. 



CrowZandia, Croylandia, Cruilan- 
dia : — Crowland, Lincoln- 
shire. 

Croyreys : — Royston. 
Crucelandia : — Crowland. 
Crukeri Castrum : — Pen-v-Cru2\ 
Radnor. 

Crulandia: — Crowland, Lincoln- 
shire. 

Crux Chariniana : — Charing 
Cross. 

Crux OswaZdi: — Oswestry, 

Shropshire. 
Crux Roesice : — Eoyston. 

Cubit Castrum : — Holyhead, An- 
glesey. 

Cucu/elda : — Cuckfield, Sussex. 

Culenum : — Cullen, Banff. 

Culerna : — Colerne, Wilts. 

Cumanora : — Cumnor, Berks. 

Cumberlandia : — Cumberland. 

Cumbremara : — Combermere, 
Cheshire. 

Cumbri : — People of Cumber- 
land. 

Cumbria : — Cumberland. 

Cunacia : — Connaught. 

Cunctona :— Compton, Sussex. 

Cunecacestre : — Chester-le- 
Street, Durham. 

Cunetio :— Marlborough, Milden- 

hall, or Ramsbiiry, Wilts. 
Cunetio Flu. : — River Kennet. 
Cunga : — Cong, Ireland. 
Cunia : — River Conway. 
Cunio :— Mull of Cantire. 
Cuprum :— Coupar in Angus. 



Latin Names of Places. 



367 



Cuprum Fifce : — Cupar Fife. 

Curia. See Coria. 

Curia Edmundi : — Bury St. Ed- 
munds, Suffolk. 

Curnualia : — Cornwall. 

Cuuichelmeslaiva : — Cuckhanis- 
ley, Berks. 

Cyneta : — River Kennet. 



D. 

Dabrona : — River Avonmore, 
Cork, Ireland. 

Dacorum hundredum: — Hundred 
of Upper and Lower Deans, 
Herts, de Aneis or de 
Daneis, l'ith cent. 

Dacorum clades : — Danes-end, 
Herts. 

Dammucensis : — Of Dunwich, 
Suffolk. 

Damnii: — People of Clydesdale 
and Stirling. 

Damnium, Damnonium promon- 
torium: — Lizard, or Dod- 
man Point. 

Damnonia, Domnania : — Devon. 

Damnonii : — People of Devon 
and Cornwall. 

Danacastra : — Doncaster, Yorks. 

Danecastria : — Doncaster, Yorks. 

Daneia : — Denny, Cambridge- 
shire. 

Danica Sylva : — Andredswald 
Forest, Sussex ; also the 
Forest of Dean, Gloucester- 
shire. 

Damnonii. See Damnonii. 
Danubice Sylva: — Forest of Dean. 



Danum : — Doncaster, Yorks. 

Danus Flu. : — The Dane, Lin- 
colnshire ; Dan, or Daven, 
Cheshire ; Don, or Dun, 
Yorks. 

Darbia : — Derby. 

Darensis : — Of Kildare. 

Darentiuadum'. — Dartford, Kent. 

Darentus Flu. : — Darenth, or 
Dart River, Kent. 

Darinum : — Estanford, Strang- 
ford (?), Ulster. 

Darnii : — A tribe in Ulster. 

Darotenses : — People of Dorset. 

Daruentia : — River Derwent, 

Derbyshire. 
Daruenum : — Canterbury. See 

Daruernum. 

Daruernum : — Canterbury ; Ro- 
chester. 



Daumuicensis 
Suffolk. 



Of Dunwich, 



Daurona. See Dabrona. 

De Fontibus : — Wells, Somerset. 

Dea : — River Dee, Cheshire. 

Debba. See Bebba. 

Decha : — A town in Scotland, 
North of the Forth. 

Decuaria. See Petuaria. 

Deia : — River Dee. 

Deidonum : — Dundee. 

Deilocum : — Godstow, Oxford- 
shire. 

Deira : — Abbey of Deer, in 
Buchan. 

Deira :— The part of the king- 
dom of the Northumbrians 
on the south side of the 
Tyne. 



368 



The Record Interpreter . 



Deira Sylva : — Deerhurst, Glou- 
cestershire. 

Deirurum Sylva : — Derewald, or 
Beverley, Yorks. 

Dela : — Deal, Kent. 

Delgouitia : — G oodmanhani, 
Fimber, Millington, or Mar- 
ket Weighton, East Riding 
of Yorks. 

Deluinia : — Delvin, Westmeath, 
Ireland. 

Demerosesa : — Dumfries. 

Demetce, Dimetce : — People of 
South Wales. 

Demetia, Demetica : — Dyved, a 
province in South Wales, 
Pembrokeshire, and a part 
of Caermarthenshire. 

Dena, Foresta de : — Forest of 
Dean. 

Dena Victrix : — Chester. See 
Deua. 

Dencea Sylva : — Forest of Dean. 

Denbighia: — Denbigh, Denbigh- 
shire. 

Deomedum : — South Wales. 

Deorbeia : — Derby. 

Derce : — Derry, Ulster. 

Derbentione : — Little Chester, 
near Derby. 

Derebisciria : — Derbyshire. 

Derelega : — Darley, Derbyshire. 

Derentiuadum : — Dartford,Kent. 

Dereta : — River Dee (?) or Der- 
went (?). 

Derewenta : — River Derwent. 

Derstemuta : — Dartmouth, 
Devon. 



Derte Ostium, Dertmuta : — 
Dartmouth, Devon. 

Deruentione : — Holtby, Kexby, 
or Stamford Bridge, on the 
Derwent, Yorkshire ; Pap 
Castle, Cumberland. 

Desmonia, Dessemonia : — Des- 
mond, Ireland. 

Dessia : — Decies, co. Waterford, 
Ireland. 

Deua : — Dundee ; Chester. 

Deua Flu. : — River Dee, 
Cheshire. 

Deuana : — Aberdeen ; Chester ; 
Doncaster. 

Deuania : — Cheshire. 

Deucaledonii : — The Scots. 

Deucaledonius oceanus : — The sea 
on the W. of Scotland. 

Deuenescira : — Devonshire. 

Deui Flu. : — River Do vey, Wales. 

Deuionisso : — Devonport. 

Deuna : — Chester. See Deua. 

Deunana : — Doncaster. 

Deuonia : — Devonshire. 

Deuouicia. See Delyouitia. 

Deuus Flu. : — River Dovey. 

Dewi: — St. David's. 

Dextralis Cambria : — Deheu- 
barth, i.e. South Wales. 

Deya : — River Dee. 

Dicelinga : — Ditchling, Sussex. 

Dicetum: — Diss, Norfolk. 

Dicta : — Diss, Norfolk. 

Dictis : — Ambleside, Westmore- 
land. 

Dictum : — Diganwy, Caernar- 
vonshire. 



Latin Names of Places. 



369 



Dimetce : — People of South 
Wales. 

Dineuour : — South Wales. 

Diona : — River Dee, Scotland. 

Dirtouicum : — Droit wieh, Wor 
cester shire. 

Diuana. See Deuana. 

Diuilena, Diuilina : — Dubh-lein 
(the Black Pool), now called 
Dublin. 

Diuisce, Diuisio : — Devizes, Wilt- 
shire. See Castrum de Vies. 

Dixio. See Dictis. 

Dobaria : — Dover. 

Dobuni, Boduni : — People of 
Gloucestershire and Oxford- 
shire. 

Docestria : — Dorset. 

Doffra, Dofris : — Dover. 

Dolocindo : — A town in Dorset. 

Domnania. See Damnonia. 

Domnia : — Dunwich, Suffolk. 

Domus Sane tee Crucis : — Holy- 
rood House, Edinburgh. 
Donalmum : — Durham. 

Donewicum: — Dunwich, Suffolk. 

Bonus : — River Done, Durham. 

Dor beta : — Derby. 

Dorcadce : — The Orkneys. 

Dorcestria : — Dorchester, Dorset. 

Dorcinia : — Dorchester, Oxford- 
shire. 

Dorcinni Civitas : — Dorchester, 
Oxfordshire. 

Doresetesciria : — Dorset. 
Dorfris : — Dover, Kent. 
Doris Cantiorum : — Dover. 
Dorkcestria, Dorkecestra : — Dor- 
chester, Dorset. 

M. 



Dornaceaster : — Dorchester. 

Dornocum : — Dornock, Dum- 
friesshire, Scotland. 

Dornsetta: — Dorchester, Dorset. 

Dorobellum. See Daruernum. 

Dorobernia : — Canterbury ; 
Dover. 

Dorobreuum. See Durobriuis. 

Dorobrina : — Dover. 

Dorocina : — Dorchester. 

Dorouentio. See Deruentione. 

Dorouernum : — Canterbury ; 
Dover. 

Dorpendunum : — Orpington, 
Kent. 

Dor seta, Dorsetania, Dorsetia : — 

Dorset. 
Doruantium, Doruatium : — 

River Dart, Darenth, or 

Derwent. 



Dorubernia : 
Dover. 



Canterbury ; 



Doruenta : — River Derwent or 
Darenth. 

Doruentani : — People of Derby- 
shire. 

Doruernum. See Daruernum. 

Dorus Flu. : — The Dor, Herts. 

Doruuernia. See Dorubernia. 

Douaria, Douera, Douerha, 
Doueria, Douoria : — Dover. 

Dour a : — Dover. 

Dourus : — Dingle Bay. 

Douus Flu. : — River Dove, 
Derbyshire. 

Dromoria : — Dromore,co. Down, 
Ulster. 

DuabUsis y Duabsisis : — Dupplin, 
Perthshire. 

B B 



370 



The Record Interpreter. 



Duacum : — Kilmacduagh, Gal- 
way, Ireland. 

Dublicensis : — Of Dublin. 

Dublinia, Dublinium, Dubli- 
num : — Dublin. See Diui- 
lena. 

Dubris : — Dover, Kent. 

Dufelda : — Duffield, Derbyshire. 

Dujlinum : — Dublin. 

DuglassusFlu. : — River Douglas, 
Clydesdale. 

Dulce Cor, Suauicordium : — 
Sweetheart, or New Abbey, 
Kirk cudbri ghtshire . 

Dulma. See Magiouinium. 

Dulmanum : — Durham. 

Dumbarum : — Dunbar, Had- 
dingtonshire. 

Dumbinensis : — Of Dunblane. 

Dumblanum : — Dunblane, 
Perthshire. 

Dumbrosa : — Bundroose, or Bun- 
dor am, Leitrim. 

Dumbum promontorium : — Ben- 
gore Head, or Fair Head, 

Antrim. 

Dumera : — Dummer, Hants. 

Dumna : — Fair Island, one of 
the Orkneys. 

Dumnonia : — Devonshire. See 
Damnonia. 

Dumnonii. See Damnonii. 

Dumwicus : — Dunwich, Suffolk. 

Duna: — Down, Downpatrick. 

Dunamum : — Downham, Cam- 
bridgeshire. 

Dunamutha : — Tynemouth, 
Northumberland . 



Duncheldinum : — Dunkeld. See 
Caledonium Castrum. 

Duncheranum '. — Dunkerrin, 
King's County, Ireland. 

Dundalcum : — Dundalk, Louth, 
Ireland. 

Dunedinum : — Edinburgh. 

Dunelmia, Dunelmum, Dunel- 
mus : — Durham. 

Dunestaplia : — Dunstable, Beds. 

Dunes tor : — Dunster, Somerset. 

Duneuetum : — Launceston, 
Cornwall. 

Dunfreia : — Dumfries, Scotland. 

Dungallum: — Donegal, Ulster. 

Dunholmum, Dunholmus : — Dur- 
ham. 

Dunistabulum : — Dunstable, 
Bedfordshire. 

Dunium : — Dorchester, Dorset. 
See Moridunum. 

Dunmonii. See Damnonii. 

Dunolmum : — Durham. 

Dunouicum : — Dunwich, 
Suffolk. 

Dunrodunum : — Dornoch, 
Sutherland. 

Dunuicus : — Dunwich, Suffolk. 

Dunum : — Down, Downpatrick, 
Ulster ; Doncaster, Yorks ; 
Dundalk, co. Louth ; Salis- 
bury ; Waterford, Ireland. 

Dunum Sinus : — Scarborough 
Bay, Yorks, or Teesmouth. 

Dunus Flu. : — River Doon, Ayr- 
shire. 

Dunus Sinus. See Dunum 
Sinus. 

Dunwicus : — Dunwich, Suffolk, 



Latin Names of Places. 



371 



Dura : — Derry, Ireland. 

Duracastrum : — Dorchester, Ox- 
fordshire. 

Durbis : — River Dour, Kent. 

Durcinate. See Durolipons. 

Durelmum : — Durham. 

Duri, Duris : — " That part of 
the Bay of Dingle where is 
the mouth of the River 
Maing," co. Kerry. 

Duria : — Dorset. 

Duns : — Dover. 

Durius : — River Stour. 

Durnium : — Dorchester. 



Durnonouaria : 
Dorset. 



Dorchester, 
Duroauerni : — Canterbury. 



Durobrabis, Durobrena. 
Durobriuis. 



See 



Durobriuas : — Caistor, Lincoln- 
shire ; or West Lynne ; or 
Wiggenhall St. Germain's, 
Norfolk. 

Durobriuis : — Rochester, Strood, 
or Ouxton, Kent. 

Durobrouce. See Durobriuis. 

Durobrus. See Durobriuis. 

Durocastrum : — Dorchester, 
Oxon. 

Durocobriuis : — Dunstable, 

Beds; Hertford, Great Berk- 
hampstead, or Redbourn, 
Herts. 



Durocornouium 

Durolani Flu. : 
Kent. 



-Cirencester. 
River Len, 



Durolenum, Duroleuum : — New- 
ington, Lenham, or West- 
well, Kent. 



Durolipons : — Cambridge, God- 
manchester, or Ramsey, 
Hunts. 

Durolitum : — Old Ford, Ley ton, 
Romsey, or Purfleet, Essex. 

Duronouaria : — Dorchester, Dor- 
set. 

Duroprouis. See Durobriuis. 

Durosipons. See Durolipons. 

Durotriges : — Men of Dorset- 
shire. 

Durouernum : — Canterbury. 

Durus Flu. : — River Stour. 

Dusceleberga, Dusteleberga : — 
Desborough hundred, 
Bucks. 

Duthena : — River Duddon, Lan- 
cashire. 

Duuelescense Castrum: — Duleek, 
Meath. 

Duuelina : — Dublin. 

Duuere : — Dover. 

Dwthena. See Duthena. 

Dyrwenta : — R. Derwent. 



E. 



Eadmodum : — Emmet, Yorks. 

Earipohnsis : — Jerpont, co. Kil- 
kenny. 

East-Sexena : — Essex. 

Eathelingiana Via : — Watling 
St. 

Eaxanceastra : — Exeter. 

Ebbecastrum : — Bamborough 
Castle, Northumberland. 

Eblana : — Dublin. See Diuilena. 

Ebodia : — The Isle of Alderney. 

bb2 



372 



The Record Interpreter. 



Eboracum : — York. 

Ebuda Insula : — Two islands are 
thus named by Ptolemy, of 
which one is Skye or Islay, 
the other Lewis or Jura. 

Ebudce : — Used for the Western 
Isles of Scotland generally. 

Eburacum : — York. 

Eburocastrum : — Near Rochester, 
Northumberland . 

Edenburgus : — Edinburgh. 

Ederosum Monasterium : — Ivy- 
church, Wilts. 

Edmundi Burgus : — Bury St. 
Edmunds, Suffolk. 

Edra : — River Whitadder. 

Edros Insula : — Bardsey Island, 
Caernarvonshire, or Ire- 
land's Eye. 

Edulfesberga : — Ellesborough, 
Bucks. 

Edwella : — Ewell, Surrey. 

Edwiniburgus : — Edwinstow, 
Notts. 

Efenewuda : — Even wood, Dur- 
ham. 

Egelesforda : — Aylesford, Kent. 

Eta : — Eye, Suffolk ; Eye, near 
Westminster. 

Eidumania Flu. : — Black water 
River, or mouth of the Stour 
and Orwell, Essex. 

Eilecuriana Vallis : — Vale of 
Aylesbury, Bucks. 

Eilecurium : — Aylesbury. 

Eiluius, Eluius : — St. Asaph's. 

Eiudensca : — Jedburgh, Rox- 
burghshire. 

Eladunum : — Eildon, Roxburgh- 
shire. 

Elauiana : — Islay. 



Elconium : — A town in Cornwall. 

Eldunum :— The Eildon Hills (?). 

Eleueinia. See Eluemia. 

Elginum, Elgis : — Elgin, Scot- 
land. 

Elgolii, Elgouce : — Inhabitants of 
Liddisdale, Ensdale, Esk- 
dale, Nidisdale, and Annan- 
dale, in Scotland. 

Elia : — Ely, Cambridgeshire. 

Eliensis Insula : — The Isle of Ely. 

Ellandunum : — Allington, near 
Amesbury, or Wilton, in 
Wilts. 

Ellebri: — People in Kerry, Ire- 
land. 

Ellesmara : — Ellesmere, Shrop- 
shire. 

Elmelega : — Elmley, Worcester- 
shire. 

Elnicestria : — Alceter, Warwick- 
shire. 
Eltabo. See Voluba. 

Etteshamum : — Eltham, Kent. 

Eltherburna : — Halterburn, Rox- 
burghshire. 

Eluadunum: — Elphin, Roscom- 
mon. 

Eluemia : — Elvael, a cantref in 

Powys, Radnorshire. 
Eluium, Elwa : — St. Asaph's. 
Elys : — Ely, Cambridgeshire. 

Embesea : — Embsay or Emshaw, 
Yorks. 

Emelia : — Emly, co. Tipperary. 

Emonia : — May Isle, in the Firth 
of Forth. 

Enachdunensis : — Annadown, co. 
Clare, Ireland. 

Enchegallia : — Inisgall, i.e. Ion a, 
Tiree, Coll, Canna, and Rum. 



Latin Names of Places. 



373 



Engleschyria : — England. 

Englewria : — England. 

Ennabrenns : — Of Kilfenora, co. 
Clare. 

Eouercon : — Abercorn, Scotland. 

Eouerwicum : — York. 

Eouesum : — Evesham, Worces- 
tershire. 

Eoyrus : — River Nore, Ireland. 

Epeiacum, Epiacum : — Hexham, 
or Papcastle See Apiacum. 

Epidii : — Tribe living in Cantire. 

Epidium Insula : — Islay. 

Epidium promontorium : — Mull of 
Cantire. 

Epocessa : — Perhaps Upper Stan- 
ton, Herefordshire. 

Erchenefelda : — Irchingfield, 
Herefordshire. 

Erdingeleya : — Ardingley, Sus- 
sex. 

Erdini: — People of Fermanagh, 
Ireland. 

Ergadia : — Argyle. 

Eripolensis : — Of Jerpont, 
Ossory. 

Ermonia : — Ormond, Tipper ary. 

Ernulphi Curia : — Eynesbury, 
Hunts. 

Erpeditani. See Erdini. 

Esca : — River Esk, Dumfries. 

Esica. See JEsycha. 

Esse Insula : — Stourmouth (?), 

Kent. 
Esselega : — Ashley. 

Essendona : — Ashdon, Essex. 

Essexa : — Essex. 

Estantona : — Stanton. 



Estlega : — Astley, Worcester- 
shire. 

Estratona : — Stratton, Bedford- 
shire. 

Estreia : — Eastry, Kent. 

Estrindia : — East Riding. 

Estsexia : — Essex. 

Esturministra : — Sturminster, 
Dorset. 

Etkandunum : — Heddington, 
Wilts. 

Ethelinyia : — Athelney, Somer- 
set. 

Ethona : — Nuneaton, Warwick- 
shire. 

Etlingeleia : — Athelney, Somer- 
set. 

Etocetum : — Kingsbury, War- 
wickshire ; or Wall, Staf- 
fordshire. 

Etona : — Nuneaton, Warwick- 
shire. 

Euania. See Meuanta. 

Eubonia : — Isle of Man. See 
Mania. 

Euenlodus Flu. : — River Even- 
lode, in Oxfordshire. 

Euerwica, Euerwika : — York. 

Eufania : — Isle of Man. 

Euonium : — Dunstaffnage, Ar- 

gy le - 

Eura : — River Ure or Yore, 
Yorks. 

Fxa Flu. : — River Exe, Devon- 
shire. 

Exancestria : — Exeter. 

Excambium Regium : — The 
Royal Exchange, London. 

Excestra : — Exeter. 



374 



The Record Interpreter. 



Exexa : — Essex. 

Exoche : — Gunfleet, Essex ; or 

Wintertonness, Norfolk. 
Exonia : — Exeter. 

Exosades : — Islands off Norfolk 
or Essex. 

Exjiloratorum Castra : — Burgh. 

by Sands, Cumberland. 
Extensio. See Exoche. 

Eya : — Eye, Norfolk. 



F. 

Fayrovella : — Fair well, Stafford- 
shire. 

Fala Flu. : — River Fal, Corn- 
wall. 

Falensis Portus : — Falmouth. 

Fanocodi : — A town in Cumber- 
land. 

Fanum ad Taffum : — Llandaff, 

Glamorganshire. 
Fanum Andrea : — St. Andrew's, 

Scotland. 

Fanum Canici : — Kilkenny. 

Fanum Christi : — Christchurch, 
Hants. 

Fanum Germani : — Llanarmon, 
Denbigh. 

Fanum Iltuti : — Llantwit, Gla- 
morganshire. 

Fanum Iuonis Per sice : — St. Ive's, 
Hunts. 

Fanum Leonis : — Leominster, 

Herefordshire. 
Fanum Neoti: — St.Neot's, Hunts. 

Fanum Oswaldi: — Nostal, Yorks. 

Fanum Reguli: — St. Andrew's, 
Scotland, also called Kirk- 
rule and Kilrule. 

Fanum S. Albani: — St. Alban's, 
Herts. 



Fanum S. Asaphi: — St. Asaph's, 
Flintshire. 

Fanum S. Botolphi : — Boston, 
Lincolnshire. 

Fanum S. Edmundi : — Bury St. 
Edmund's, Suffolk. 

Fanum S. Johannis : — St. John's, 
Roscommon, Ireland. 

Fanum S. Mauditi : — St. Mawe's, 
Cornwall. 

Fanum Stephani : — Kirkby-Ste- 
phen, Westmoreland. 

Fanum Teclce : — Llandegla, Den- 
bigh ; S. Tecla's Chapel, an 
island at the mouth of the 
Wye. 

Farina : — Fearn, Ross. 

Far leg a : — Farley or Farleigh 
Monkton, Wilts. A cell to 
Lewes Priory. 

Fauoria : — Faure, Meath, Ire- 
land. 

Faustini Villa. See Villa Faus- 
tini. 

Fawenses : — Inhabitants of 
Fowey, Cornwall. 

Felicia : — Felixstow, Suffolk. 

Felicis Oppidum : — Flixton, Suf- 
folk. 
Ferberga : — Farnborough. 

Ferlega. See Farlega. 

Ferleia. See Farlega. 

Fermedona : — Farringdon, 

Hants. 

Fernce : — Ferns, Wexford, Ire- 
land. 

Fernlega. See Farlega. 

Fernum. See Fernce. 

Ferulega : — Hereford. 

Fibrilega, Fibrolega : — Beverley, 
Yorks. 



Latin Names of Places, 



375 



Fifburgensis : — Of the Five Bo- 
roughs — Lincoln, Notting- 
ham, Derby, Leicester, and 
Stamford. 

Finnabrensis : — Of Kilfenora, 
alias Edumabrach, alias 
Fenabore, co. Clare, Ireland. 

Fisela : — Fishlake, Yorks (?). 

Flagaflora, Flauflor : — Sparsholt, 
Berks. 

Flaua Ccesariensis : — Province of 
Roman Britain between the 
Thames, Humber, and Mer- 
sey ; or between Humber, 
Mersey, and Great Wall. 

Flexelega, Flexlega : — Flaxley, 
Gloucestershire. 

Flintia : — Flint. 

Fluentanus Career : — Fleet 

Prison, London. 
tinmen Dei : — Kilbegain, co. 

Meath. 

Fons Amnensis : — Amwell, Herts. 

Fons Brigidce : — Bridewell, Lon- 
don. 

Fons Clarus : — Sherborne, Dor- 
set. 

Fons Clericorum : — Clerkenwell, 
London. 

Fons Interfraxinus : — Ashwell, 
Herts. 

Fons Limpidus : — Fair well, Staf- 
fordshire. 
Fons Sacer : — Holywell. 

Fons S. Patricii : — Ballintobber, 
co. Mayo. 

Fons Scotice : — Scotland- well, 
Kinross. 

Fons Vivus : — Maur, co. Cork. 

Fontance : — Fountains Abbey, 
York?. 



Fontanetum, Fontanensis Eccle- 
sia : — Wells, Somerset. 

Fontes : — Wells ; Fountains 

Abbey, Yorks. 
Fonticuli : — Wells. 

Fontis, Villa : — Holywell, Flint- 
shire. 

Fordunum : — Fordoun, co. Kin- 
cardine, Scotland. 

Forenna : — Part of the city of 

Wells. 
Forgium : — Kilmoney Abbey, co. 

Clare. 
Forneseta : — Forcett, Yorks. 

Fors* de Caritate: — A Cistercian 
house in Wensleydale, Yorks. 

Fortha cestuarium, Fortheia : — 
Firth of Forth. 

Forum : — Cheap, London. 

Forum Jouis : — Marazion, Corn- 
wall. 

Fouera, Fouria : — Fore, West- 
meath. 

Fraxula Flu. : — In Derbyshire. 

Freskew altera : — Freshwater, 
Isle of Wight. 

Fretum Britannicum, Fretum 
Gallicum, Fretum Morino- 
rum : — The Straits of Dover. 

Frigidum Mantellum : — Free- 
mantle, Hants. 

Frigmareventus : — Winchelsea, 
Sussex. 

Friscodunense ccenobium : — Fres- 
ton Abbey, Lincolnshire. 

Frodrenela : — Fotharta, Lein- 

ster, Ireland. 
Fromus, Froma : — River Frome. 

Frumentarius Mons : — Cornhill, 
London. 



* Query, Fons ? 



376 



The Record Interpreter. 



G. 



Gabaglanda. See Amboglanna. 

Gabrantonicorum, Gabrantoui- 
corum Sinus : — Bridlington 
or Filey Bay, Yorkshire. 

Gabrocentum, Gabrosentis : — 
Gateshead, Durham ; Black 
Dyke or Drumburgh, Cum- 
berland. 

Qadeni : — Inhabitants of Fife, 
Tweeddale, March, and Lo- 
thian, in Scotland. 

Gadiua : — Aberffraw, in the Isle 
of Anglesey. 

Gaelwallia : — Galloway, Scot- 
land. 

Gaidingtona : — Geddington, 
Northants. 

Gaingtona — Geddington. 

Gaini : — People of Lincoln- 
shire. 

Gainiburyus : — Gainsborough, 
Lincolnshire. 

Galacum : — Appleby, Kendal, or 
Whallop Castle, Westmore- 
land. 

Galaua : — Old Town, Keswick, 
or Wythburn, Cumberland ; 
or Walwick, Northumber- 
land. 

Galensis : — A Welshman. 

Galetum : — Langley Gale, 

Sussex. 
Galewegia : — Galloway. 

G aliens es : — Men of Galloway. 

Gallaua. See Galaua. 

Galleua Atrebatum : — Guildford, 
Silchester, Henley, Bead- 
ing, Wallingford, Calve Pit 
Farm, near Eeading, or 
Haslemere, Surrey. 



Galliua : — Gal way, Ireland. 

Gallouidia : — Galloway, Scot- 
land. 

Gallunio : — Aldborough. See 
Isurium. 

Gallutum. See Galacum. 

Galueia : — Galloway. 

Galuia : — Gal way. 

Galwalenses : — People of Gallo- 
way. 

Galwedia, Galwegia : — Gallo- 
way. 

Galweia : — Galloway. 

Gangani : — People of Con- 
naught, Ireland. 

Ganganum promontorium : — 
Braichy Pwll Point, Caer- 
narvonshire. 

Garbantorigum : — Caerlaverock, 
Scotland. 

Gareotha : — Gaury or Gowrie(?), 
Scotland. 

Gariannonum : — Yarmouth, or 
Burgh Castle, Norfolk. 

Garmundi Via : — Garmondsway, 
Durham. 

Garrienis, Garyenus, Flu. : — 
Yare River, Norfolk. 

Garryeni Fluvii ostium : — Yar- 
mouth. 

Gauinga : — Wenge, Bucks. 

Gaurouicum: — Warwick. See 
Verouicum. 

Gausenna, Gausennis. See Cau- 
sennce. 

Gauelforda : — Camelford, Corn- 
wall. 

Gedewurda : — Jedburgh, Rox- 
burghshire. 



Latin Names of Places. 



377 



Gegenforda : — Gainford, Dur- 
ham 

Geldeforda : — Guildford, Surrey. 

Genesborwia : — Gainsborough, 
Lincolnshire. 

Genunii: — People liviDg on the 
border of Scotland. 

Gereseya : — Jersey. 

Gerewedona: — Garendon, Leices- 
tershire. 

Gernemua, Gernemutha : — Yar- 
mouth, Norfolk. 

Gerneria : — Guernsey. 

Geroldona : — Garendon, Leices- 
tershire. 

Gersuium : — Jersey. 

Geuentonee : — Chevington, Suf- 
folk. 

Geuini : — A river in Wales that 
runs into the River Usk. 

Geuissi : — West Saxons. 

Gipeswica, Gippeuicum : — Ips- 
wich, Suffolk. 

Girouicum : — Jarrow, Durham. 

Giruii: — Inhabitants of the 
Fens. 

Giruum, Girwa: — Jarrow, Dur- 
ham. 

Giuela : — Yeovil, Somerset. 

Glamorgania, Glamorgantia : — 
Glamorganshire. 

Glandelacum : — Glendalough, 
Wicklow, Ireland. 

Glannibanta, Glanouenta. See 
Clanouenta. 

Glasbiria : — Glasbury, Breck- 
nock. 

Glasconia : — Glastonbury, 
Somerset. 



Glascouium : — Glasgow. 

Glascua : — Glasgow. 

G la scum : — Glascwm, Radnor- 
shire. 

Glasquum :- — Glasgow. 

Glastincbiria : — Glastonbury, 
Somerset. 

Glastonia : — Glastonbury. 

Glaudiocestra : — Gloucester. 

Glauorna, Glaworna : — Glouces- 
ter. 
Gleastonia : — Glastonbury. 

Glenus : — River Glen, North- 
umberland. 

Glessoburyus : — Glastonbury. 

Glestingia, Glestonia : — Glaston- 
bury. 

Gleuum : — Gloucester. 

Glocestria, Gloecestra : — Glou- 
cester. 

Glota : — Isle of Arran. 

Glota, Glottiana : — River Clyde, 
Scotland. 

Gloueceastria, Glouernia, Glowe- 
cestria : — Gloucester. 

Gobannium : — Abergavenny, 
Monmouthshire . 

Goccium. See Coccium. 

Goderici Castrum : — Goodrich 
Castle, Herefordshire. 

Godestoua : — Godstow, Oxford- 
shire. 

Godritona : — Codrington, Glou- 
cestershire. 

Gouheria : — Gower, Glamorgan- 
shire. 

Gracolada : — Cricklade, Wilts. 

Grampius Mons : — The Gram- 
pians. 



378 



The Record Interpreter. 



Grangia : — Gransha, Down, Ire- 
land. 

Granta : — River Cam, Cam- 
bridgeshire. 

Granta, Grantanus Pons: — Cam- 
bridge. 

Grantebreggia : — Cambridge, 

sometimes Cambridgeshire. 
Graua : — Grovebury, Beds. 
Grauesenda : — Gravesend, Kent. 
Greglada : — Cricklade, Wilts. 

Grenewicum : — Greenwich, 
Kent. 

Grenouicus, Grenouicum : — 

Greenwich, Kent. 
Grenteburga r — Cambridge. 
Greua : — Gravesend. 

Greuanus : — River Girvan, Ayr- 
shire. 

Grimboldesessa : — Grombold 
Ash, Gloucestershire. 

Grinuicum : — Greenwich. 

Grossus Mons : — Grosmont, 
Monmouthshire. 

Grubba : — Gubeon, Northum- 
berland (Gullane?). 
Guala, Guallia : — Wales. 
Guarce, Guarus : — Ware, Herts. 
Guella : —Wells, Norfolk. 

Guerfa Flu. : — The River 
Wharf e, Yorkshire. 

Guidonicus Cliuus : — Guy's Cliff, 
Warwickshire. 

Guildhalda Teutonicorum : — The 
Steel Yard, London. 

Guilon Flu. : — River Will, or 
Wiley, Wiltshire. 

Guincestria : — Winchester. 

Guinethia : — Wales. 



Guinta : — Gwent, a province in 
South Wales, between Usk 
and Wye. 

Guinuga : — Wenge, Bucks. 

Guiramutha : — Wearmouth, 
Durham. 

Guiunga :— Wenge, Bucks. 

Guldeforda : — Guildford, Surrey. 

Gumicastrum : — Godmanchester, 
Hunts. 

Gwallia : — Wales. 
Gwirchia : — Chirk, Denbigh. 
Gyruum : — Jarrow, Durham. 



H. 

Habenduna : — Abingdon, Berks. 

Habitancum : — Risingham, 

Northumberland. 
Habus : — The Humber. 

Hadriani Murus : — Picts' Wall, 

or Wall of Hadrian. 
Hcebuda. See Ebuda. 
Hamodce. See Acmodce. 
Hafren Flu. : — The Severn. 

Haga :— The Hay, or Hasely, in 
Brecknockshire. 

Haguhtada : — Hexham, North- 
umberland ; Alston, Cum- 
berland. 

Hagustaldunum : — Hexham, 

Northumberland . 
Haia : — Eye, Suffolk ; Hay, 

Brecknockshire. 
Halamus : — River Avon, Hants. 
Hamonis Portus : — Southampton. 

Hamptonia, Ham tona : —South- 
ampton ; Northampton ; 
Hampton. 



Latin Names of Places, 



379 



Hancs testa : — Hinksey, Oxford- 
shire. 

Hansus Flu. : — River Hans, 
Staffordshire. 

Hantonia : — Hampshire. 

Haraia: — Harris, one of the 

Hebrides. 
Harefordia : — Hereford. 

Harlecum : — Harlech, Merion- 
ethshire. 

Harlepolis : — Hartlepool, Dur- 
ham. 

Haroldi Crux : — Harold's Cross, 
near Dublin. 

Haruicum : — Harwich, Essex. 

Hasting a : — Hastings, Sussex. 

Hauerberya : — Harborough, 

Warwickshire. 
Hauerfordia : — Haverfordwest, 

Pembrokeshire. 

Haugustaldium. See Hagustal- 

dunum. 
Hauma : — Hamme, Berks. 

Hauteuorta : — Highworth, Wilts. 

Hauxoniensis : — Of Hawkshead, 
Lancashire. 

Hag a : — Hay, Brecknockshire. 

Heastinga: — Hastings, Sussex. 

Hebrides : — A cluster of Isles on 
the West side of Scotland. 

Hebuda. See Ebuda. 

Hederosum Monasterium : — Ivy- 
church, Wilts. 

Hedros. See Edros. 

Hedwa : — Hythe, Kent. 

Hegdunensis : — Of Annaghdown, 
co. Clare, Ireland. 

Heia : — Hythe, Kent. 
Heisa : — Hayes, Kent. 



Helaturnum: — Ellerton (?), 
Yorkshire. 

Helenum promontorium : — Land's 
End. 

Helta : — Ely, Cambridgeshire. 

Helma : — Helmington, Durham. 

Helmanensis : — Of Elmham, 
Suffolk. 

Helmelum : — Elmley. 

Hengestesdunum : — Hengston 
Hill, Cornwall. 

Henlega : — Henley - upon- 
Thames, Oxfordshire. 

Henoforthum : — Hereford. 

Herboldona : — Harbledown, 
Kent. 

Hernleia : — Hurley, Berks. 

Heortforda : — Hertford. 

Heoueshamnensis : — Of Evesham, 
Worcestershire. 

Heppa : — Shap, Westmoreland. 

Her cults promontorium : — Hart- 
land Point, Devonshire. 

Herdingheleia : — Ardingly, 
Sussex. 

Herefordia : — Hereford, formerly 
Ariconium. 

Herkeloua: — Arklow,Connaught. 

Herlaua : — Harlow, Essex. 

Hertfordia : — Hertford. 

Hesperides : — Scilly Isles. 

Hestelega : — Astley, Warwick- 
shire. 

Hestinga : — Hastings, Sussex. 

Hestingi: — East Angles. 

Hetha Pratorum : — Maidenhead, 
Berks. 

Hetha Regine : — Queenhithe. 



380 



The Record Interpreter. 



Heya :— Eye, Suffolk. 

Hibernia : — Ireland. 

Hichelendunum : — Ickleton, Cam- 
bridgeshire. 

Hichena : — River Itchen, Hants. 
Hichia coenobium : — Newbiggin, 

or Hitchin, Herts. 
Hicthteslapa : — Islip, Oxon. 

Hichtredeberia : — Heytesbury, 
Wilts. 

Hida : —Hyde, near Winchester. 

Hieron Promontorium : — Green- 
ore Point, or Carnsore Point, 
Wexford. 

Hildesleia : — Ilsley, Berks. 

Himba: — One of the Acmodse 
Islands. 

Hinchisega-.— Hinksey, near Ox- 
ford. 

Hirtha : — One of the Hebrides. 

Histesleapa: — Islip, Oxfordshire. 

Hitha Regine : — Queenhithe. 

Hithinus portus : — Hythe, Kent. 

HledicB : — Leeds, Kent. 

Hludense Monasterium : — Lough 
Park Abbey, Lincolnshire. 

Hodneius Flu. : — Honddhu 
River, Brecknockshire. 

Hoilandia,Hollandia : — Holland, 
a part of Lincolnshire. 

Holgoti, Castrum de : — Castle 
Holdgate, Herefordshire. 

Holmus : — Huline, or St. Ben- 
net's-in-the- Holme, Norfolk. 

Homdeleia : — Hundsley, Yorks. 

Homelea Flu. : — River Hamble, 
opposite the Isle of Wight, 
Hants. 



Hore8ti : — People living north of 
the Firth of Forth. 

Horka :— Dunnet Head, Caith- 
ness. 

Hornecastra : — Horncastle, Lin- 
colnshire. 

Horspada : — Horspath, Oxon. 

Hospitium Leonis : — Lyon's Inn, 
London. 

Hothenia : — Rivers Hodni or 
Honddu, in Brecknockshire 
and Monmouthshire. 

Houendena : — Hoveden, Yorks. 

Houlandia. See Hoilandia. 

Hripum: — Ripon, Yorks. 

Hro/i, Hrosi Civitas : — Roches- 
ter. 

Hulla, Hullus: — Kingston-upon- 
Hull, Yorkshire. 

Hultonia : — Ulster, Ireland. 

Humbra Flu. : — River Humber. 

Hundesdena : — Hunsdon, Herts. 

Hundredeskelda : — Hunder- 
thwaite, Yorks. 

Hunegetona : — Honington or 
Hunnington, Staffordshire. 

Hungrefordai — Hungerford, 
Berks. 

Hunnum : — Sevenshale, or Hal- 
ton Chesters, Northumber- 
land. 

Hunsdona: — Hunsdon, Herts. 

Huntendonia, Huntundona : — 
Huntingdon. 

Hurstanum Castellum : — Hurst 
Castle, Hants. 

Hurstelega : — Hurley, Berks. 

Hus8eburna : — Hurstbourne, 
Hants. 



Latin Names of Places. 



381 



Huya : — Holy Island. 

Hwerwella: — Wherwell, Hants. 

Hwiccii: — People of Worcester- 
shire, and about the Severn. 

Hydropolis : — Dorchester, Oxon. 

Hymalia : — Achad-Fobhair, co. 
Mayo. 

Hymbrionenses, Hymbronenses : — 
People of Northumberland. 

Hyrebothla : — Harbottle, 
Northumberland. 

Hyrtha : — One of the Hebrides. 

Hyta : — Hythe, Kent. 



I. 



Iberni : — People of Desmond, 
Ireland. 

Ibernia : — Ireland. 

Ibernio : — Bere Regis, or Iwerne, 
Dorset. 

Ibernium : — Iwerne, Dorset. 

Ibernis : — Dunkerrin, King's Co., 
Ireland. 

Iberran : — A town in Scotland, 
north of the Forth. 

Icannum : — Boston, Lincoln- 
shire. 

Iceni : — People of Suffolk, Nor- 
folk, Cambridge, and Hun- 
tingdon shires. 

Iciani, Icinos : — C hesterford, 
Essex ; Thetford or Ig- 
borough, Norfolk ; or 
South wold, Suffolk. 

Icini. See Iceni. 

Ictis Insula : — St. Michael's 
Mount, Cornwall ; or, per- 
haps, the Isle of Wight 
( Vectis). 



Idumanus : — Black water River, 
or the mouth of the Stour 
and Orwell, Essex. 

Iena cestuarium : — Wigton Bay, 
Galloway. 

Ierne, Iernis : — Ireland. 

Iernus : — River Erne, or Ken- 
mare Bay, Ireland. 

Igenia : —Part of Flintshire. 

Ihona. See Iona. 

lla Flu. : — River Wick, Scot- 
land. 



I la Insula :• 
land. 



-Isla, west of Scot- 



Illega Combusta : — Brent Eleigh 
or Illegh, Suffolk. 

Illega Monachorum : — Monk's 
Eleigh, Suffolk. 

Imelaca : — Emly, co. Tipperary. 

Imelensis : — Of Emly. 

Imensa aestuarium : — Mouth of 
the Thames. 

Imlaca : — Emly. 

Immemera : — Mere, Wilts. 

Incuneningum : — Cunning- 
ham (?), Scotland. 

Inderauuda: — Beverley, Yorks. 

Ingetlingus : — Gilling, Yorks. 

Ingiruum : — Jarrow, Durham. 

Ingoluesmera : — Ingoldmells, 
Lincolnshire. 

Inmeleccensis : — Of Emly, Tip- 
perary. 

Innerlothea : — Inverlochy, Inver- 
ness. 

Insula : — Eynesham, or Ensham, 
Oxfordshire ; Axholm, Lin- 
colnshire ; Isle, near Stock- 
ton, Durham ; Little Island. 
Wateiford Harbour. 



382 



The Record Interpreter, 



Insula Cervi : — Hartlepool, Dur- 
ham. 

Insula Sacra : — Ireland ; also 
Holy Island, Northumber- 
land. 

Insula Missarum : — Inchafi'ray, 
Perthshire. 

Insula Sancti Columbce : — Co- 
lumbkill, Iona. 

Insula Sanctorum : — Ynis Enlly, 
Bardsey, Caernarvon. 

Insula Vectis : — Isle of Wight. 

Insularis Villa : — Islington. 

Interamna, Jnteramnium: — Christ 

Church, Hants. 

Inuernessus : — Inverness, Scot- 
land. 

Iona : — Iona, or Icolmkill Isle, 
West Coast of Scotland. 

Iphletha : — Evelith, Shropshire. 

Ircenefelda : — Archenfield, or 
Irchingfield, Herefordshire. 

Iris : — Ireland. 

Isaca : — River Exe, Devonshire ; 
also River Esk, Scotland. 

Isamnium : — St. John's Fore- 
land, or Point, co. Down, 
Ireland. 

Isannauantia, Isannauaria, Isan- 
nauatia : — Stony Stratford, 
North ants, or the same as 
Bannauenna ; Allchester, 
Oxon, between Wendlebury 
and Bicester. 

Isannium. See Isamnium. 

Isca : — River Exe ; River Usk. 

I sea : — Liskeard, Cornwall. 

Isca Dumnoniorum : — Chisel- 
borough, Somerset ; or Exe- 
ter. 



Isca Legio II Augusta, Iscelegua 
Augusti, Isca Silurum, I sea- 
mum : — Caerleon, Mon- 
mouthshire. 

Iscalis : — Ivelchester, now 11- 
chester, Somerset. 

Iscamum : — Caerleon. 

Ischalis. See Iscalis. 

Isiacum : — Oxford. 

Isiburna : — Woburn, Bedford- 
shire. 

Isidis Insula : — Ousney, or Ose- 
ney, near Oxford. 

Isidis Vadum : — Oxford. 

I sis Flu. : — River Isis, Oxford ; 
the Ouse, Buckinghamshire; 
and the Ouse, Yorkshire. 

Istelhorda : — Isleworth, Middle- 
sex. 

Isubrigantum. See Isurium. 

Isuria : — Yorkshire. 

Isurium : — Aldborough, or 
Boroughbridge, Yorkshire. 

Isurouicum : — York. 

Ittingaforda : — Hitchin, Herts. 

Itucadon : — A town between 
Tyne and Forth. 

Ituma, Ituna : - — River Eden, 
Cumberland ; or Sol way 
Firth. 

Itys : — Loch Eu, Torridon, or 
Duich, Scotland. 

Iuecestra : — Ilchester, Somer- 
set. 

Iuerianus Pons : — Iford Bridge, 
Hants. 

Iuernia : — Ireland. 



Latin Names of Places. 



383 



Iuernis : — Dunkerrin, King's 
Co., Ireland. 

luorus : — Newry, co. Armagh. 



Jaciodulma. See Magiouinium. 

Jamesa, Jamissa : — River 

Thames. 
Jano : — A town in Caithness. 

Jarum : — Yarm, Yorks. 

Jernmuthia : — Yarmouth, Nor- 
folk. 

Jerouallce : — Jervaulx, Yorks. 

Joriuallis : — Jervaulx, Yorks. 

Judaismus : — Old Jewry, London. 

Jugantes. See Brigantes. 

Jugo Dei, de : — Jude or Gray, a 
Cistercian Abbey, co. Meath, 
a cell of Holme Coltram. 

Jugum Fraxinetum : — Ashridge, 
Bucks. 

Julia Strata: — A Roman road 
in South Wales, from New- 
port to Caerleon, Caerwent, 
and the Wye. 

Julianus Pons : — Julian Bridge, 
Wimborne Minster. 

Juliocenon. See Tunnocelum. 

Jumanius. See Eidumania. 

Juuerna : — Ireland. 



K. 

Kaerperis : — Porchester, Hants. 

Kanna : — Calne, Wilts. 

Kanus Flu. : — River Ken, or 
Kent, Westmoreland. 



Karintona : — Catherington, 
Hants. 

Kar legion : — Chester. 

Karlenefordia : — Carlingford, 
Louth, Ireland. 

Katenessa, Kathenessia : — Caith- 
ness, Scotland. 

Katinensis : — Of Caithness. 

Kauna : — Calne, Wilts. 

Kenceleia : — Hykinselagh, a dis- 
trict in Leinster. 

Kenelcunillia : — Tirconnel, Ul- 
ster. 

Keneleonia : — Cinel-Eoghain, 
Ulster,. 

Keneta Flu. : — River Kennet, 
Berkshire. 

Kenintona : — Kennington, 
Kempton. 

Keresburga : — Carisbrook, Isle 
of Wight. 

Keretica : — Ceredigion, a pro- 
vince of South Wales ; 
Cardiganshire. 

Kermelum : — Cartmel, Lanca- 
shire. 

Kerriensis Comitatus : — County 
of Kerry, Ireland. 

Kerrigia : — Kerry. 

Kesteuena: — Kesteven, a divi- 
sion of Lincolnshire. 
Kiemela : — Keymer, Sussex. 

Kilchennia, Kilchennium : — Kil- 
kenny, Leinster, Ireland. 

Kildabewensis : — Of Killaloe, 
Ireland. 

Kildareuensis : — Of Killaloe (?). 

Kildaria : — Kildare, Ireland. 

Killathensis : — Of Killalla, Ire- 
land. 



384 



The Record Interpreter, 



Kilmalochum : — Kilmallock, 
Limerick. 

Kilmora : — Kilmore, co. Cavan, 
Ireland. 

Kinardeferia : — Kinardferry, Ax- 
hohn. 

Kinebantum Castrum : — Kiinbol- 
ton Castle, Hunts. 

Kinetus fiuvius : — R. Kennet. 

Kirchuallum : — Kirkwall, Ork- 
ney Islands. 

Kirketona : — Kirton, Lincoln- 
shire. 
Koila. See Coualia. 

Korcensis : — Of Cork. 

Kubii Castrum : — Holyhead. 

Kyenfernensis : — Of Clonfert (?). 

Kyma : — Kyme, Yorks. 

Kynlathensis : — Of Killalla. 

Kynemeresforda : — Kempsford, 
Wilts. 

Kyrieleyson : — Odorney Abbey, 
Kerry. 

Kyuela : — Keevil, Wilts. 



L. 



Laberus : — Killare Castle, West- 
meath, Ireland. 

Lacra : - Castle Acre, Norfolk. 

Lactodorum, Lactorodum : — Tow- 
cester, Northants ; Stony 
Stratford, Bucks ; Bicester, 
Oxfordshire ; Bedford ; or 
Loughborough or Lutter- 
worth, Leicestershire. 

Ladeni. See Gadeni. 

Ladensis Episcopates : — The 
bishopric of Killalla, co. 
Mayo, Ireland. 



Laentonia : — Lanthony. 

Lcetus Locus : — Netley, Hants. 

Lagecium : — Castleford, near 
Pontefract, Yorks. 

Lagenia. See Laginia. 
Lagentium. See Lagecium. 
Laghlifium: — Leighlin, co. Car- 
low, Ireland. 
Laginia : — Leinster, Ireland. 
Lagubalium. See Luguvallum. 
La Hyda : — Hyde, Hants. 

Lamea, Lamheya, Lamitha, 
LamithuSy Lampheia : — 
Lambeth, Surrey. 

Lamyrii Monies : — Lammermuir 
Hill, Scotland. 

Lancastra, Lancastrian — Lan- 
caster. 

Landa : — Launde, Leicestershire. 

Landava : — Llandaff, Glamor- 
ganshire. 

Landinium : — London. 

Lanelvensis : — Of Llanelwv, i.e. 
St. Asaph, Wales. 

Langanum promontorium. See 
Canganorum. 

Langeleia : — Langley. 

Lankondenum : — Lanthony, 

Monmouthshire. 
Lanhondenum Claudianum : — 

Lanthony, Gloucestershire. 

Lania : — Lancashire. 

Lanicolce : — Lancashire men. 

Lannotaua : — Llandaff, Glamor- 
ganshire. 

Lanstupkadonia, Lanstauentum : 
— Launceston, Cornwall. 



Latin Names of Places. 



385 



Lantodhenia : — Llanthony, Mon- 
mouthshire. 

Lantonia : — Llanthony, Mon- 
mouthshire. 

Laodonia : — Lothian. 

Laonia : — Killaloe, co. Tip- 
perary. 

Lapis Tituli : — Stonor, in the 
Isle of Thanet, Kent. 

Lathelada : — Lechlade, Glouces- 
tershire. 

Latisaquensis : — Lewes, Sussex. 

Latum Bulgium. See Blatum 
Bulgium. 

Lauatres, Lauatris, Lauaris : — 
Bowes, North Riding of 
Yorkshire ; or Barnard 
Castle, Durham. 

Laudenia, Laudonia : — Lauden, 
or Lothian, Scotland. 

Lawedra : — Lauder, Berwick- 
shire. 

Lecefelda : — Lichfield, Stafford- 
shire. 

Lechenlada, Lechelada : — Lech- 
lade, Gloucestershire. 

Lechlinia : — Leighlin, co. Carlow, 
Ireland. 

Lectoceto. See Etocetum. 

Ledanum Castrum : — Leeds 
Castle, Kent. 

Ledesia : — Leeds, Yorkshire. 

Ledone : — Dunbar. 

Legacestra : — Chester. 

Legacestria, Legecestria : — Leices- 
ter. 

Lege Dei, B. V. M. de: — Leix 
Abbey, Queen's co. 

Legeolium : — Pontefract, Castle- 
ford, Goole, or Ferrybridge, 
Yorks. See Lagecium. 

M. 



Legercestria : — Leicester. 

Leghelensis, Leghglensis : — Of 
Leighlin. 

Legio VI. Victrix : — York. 

L'gio XX. Victrix : — Chester. 

Legionum Urbs: — Chester; Caer- 
leon. 

Legoria : — Leicester. 

Legra : — River Soar, Leicester- 
shire. 

Legrecastrum : — Leicester. 

Legrecestria : — -^Leicester ; Ches- 
ter. 

Lehecestria : — Leicester. 

Ijeicestria : — Leicester. 

Lets : — Leix, Leixlip, co. Kildare, 
Ireland. 

Leiannonius, Lelamnonius Sinus : 
— Loch Fyne. 

Lelienus Flu. : — River Rother, 
Kent. 

Lemana Flu. : — The Rother, 
Kent ; the Loman, Devon. 

Lemanis portus, Lemauio : — 
Lympne, Kent. 

Ijemaus: — Lympne, Kent; Lynn, 
Norfolk. 

Lena : — Monkland, Hereford. 

Lenes : — Lessness, Kent. 

Leofense Ccenobium : — Leomin- 
ster, Herefordshire. 

Leofrici Villa : — Leverington, 
Cambridgeshire. 

Leogereceastria : — Leicester. 

Leogoria . — Leicester. 

Leogus : — Lewis, one of the 
Hebrides. 

Ijeonense Ccenobium : — Leomin- 
ster. 

Leonis : — Lothian. 

c c 



386 



The Record Interpreter. 



Leonis Castrum : — Lyons, alias 
Holt Castle, Denbighshire. 

Leonis Mqnasterium : — Leomin- 
ster, Herefordshire. 

Leouechenora : — Lewknor, Ox- 
fordshire. 

Leouense Cccnobium : — Leomin- 
ster. 

Lesince : — Lesnes or Lessness, 
Kent. 

Lesmoria : — Lismore, co. Water- 
ford. 

Lestinga :— -Lastingham, Yorks. 

Lesua : — Lewes, Sussex. 

Letha : — Leith, co. Edinburgh. 

Lethglensis : — Of Leighlin, co. 
Carlo w. 

Leuarum. See Leucarum. 

Leuca : — River Low. 

Leucarum'. — Glastonbury, Somer- 
set ; Loughor, Glamorgan- 
shire ; or Llandybi, Caer- 
mar then shire. 

Leucobibia. See Lucopibia. 

Leucomago. See Verlucio. 

Leuena : — Eiver Leven, Lanca- 
shire. 

Leugosena : — River Loughor, 
South Wales. 

Leuinia : — Lennox, Stirlingshire. 

Leuinus: — RiverLeven, Scotland. 

Leuiodanum: — Livingstone, Lin- 
lithgow. 

Leuioxana : — Lennox. 

Leuissa : — Lewis Island, He- 
brides. 

Leuisum : — Lewes, Sussex. 

Lewa : — Lewes. 



Lewensis : — Of Lewes. 

Lcya : — Canon Leigh, Burles- 
combe, Devon. 

Liar Flu. : — River Liver, Lanca- 
shire. 

Libmus : — Sligo Bay. 

Libnius : — River Liffey, Ireland. 

Licestria : — Leicester. 

Licctjelda, LJch/eldia : — Lich- 
field, Staffordshire. 

Lichia : — Leach, Gloucestershire. 

Lichinus Campus : — Lichfield. 

Liddenus Flu. : — River Leadon, 
Herefordshire. 

Lideforda : — Lydford, Devon. 

Lidocollina : — Lincoln. 

Ligea : — River Lea. 

Ligeria : — Leicester. 

Ligrecastrum : — Leicester. 

Limenus: — R. Rother, Kent. 

Limericum : — Limerick, Ireland. 

Limes Pratorius : — Gravesend, 
Kent. 

Limnos, Limnus : — Dalkey Isle, 
or Lambay Isle, Dublin. 

Limodomus : — Limehouse, near 
London. 

Limonius Mons : — Plinlimmon, 
Cardiganshire. 

Limpida Sylva : — Sherwood 
Forest, Notts. 

Lincolinum, Lincolnia, Linde- 
colina : — Lincoln. 

Lindeseia : — Lindsey, Lincoln- 
shire. 

Lindicolinum : — Lincoln. 

Lindis : — River Witham, Lin- 
colnshire. 



Latin Names of Places, 



387 



Lindisfari : — Lindsey. 

Lindisfarnea, Lindisfarnum : — 
Holy Island, or Farn Isle, 
on the coast of Northumber- 
land. 

Lindisgia, Lindisi : — Lindsey, 
Lincolnshire. 

Lindisseia : — Lindsey. 

Lindocollinum : — Lincoln. 

Lindonium :- Lincoln ; London. 

Lindum, Lindum Colonia : — Lin- 
coln. See Lincolimim. 

Lindum Damniorum : — Linlith- 
gow, or Ardoch, Perth. 

Lima : — Bardsey Island, Caer- 
narvonshire. 

Liniennus : — River Eother, Kent. 

Linum Regis: — King's Lynn, 
Norfolk. 

Linns : — Eiver Lin, Notts. 

Liserpalus : — Liverpool, Lanca- 
shire. 

Lisia : — See Lissia. 

Lismora : — Lismore, co. Water- 
ford. 

Lismoria : — Lismore, Argyle- 
shire ; Lismore, co. Water- 
ford. 

Lissia : — The Wolf Eock, or 
the Seven Stones, between 
the Scilly Islands and the 
Cornish coast. 

Litana : — Linlithgow. 

Litecota :— Littlecote, Wilts. 

Litinomago : — Linlithgow. 

Litius Altum : — Roxburgh. 

Littus Saxonicum : — Eastern and 
southern coasts of Britain. 

Llanlienis : — Leominster, Here- 
fordshire. 



Locherinum stagnum : — Lough 
Owel, Westmeath. 

Locus Benedictus : — Stanlawe, 
Cheshire. 

Locus Dei: — Hethorp, Glouces- 
tershire ; Hinton Charter- 
house, Somerset. 

Lodanum Casirnni : — Leeds 
Castle, Kent. 

Lodeneium, Lodoneium, Lodonis 
(dat.) : — The Lothians, Scot- 
land. 

Loegria : — England between 
Humber and Severn. 

Loennais : — Lothian. 

Logi : — A tribe in Sutherland 
and Strathnairn. 

Isogia Flu. : — River Bann, which 
flows north from Lough 
Neagh. Camden applies the 
name to Lough Foyle. 

Logus : — Eiver Llugwy, Wales. 

Loidis : — Lothian. 

Lokerleia : — Lockerley, Hants. 

Lomandus. See Lomundus. 

Lombormora : — Lammermoor, 
Midlothian. 

Lomea :— The Goodwin Sanjls. 

Lomithis : — Lambeth. 

Lomulla: — Lemallyon, Cornwall. 

Lomundus : — Loch Lomond. 

Lonais : — Lothian. 

Loncastria : — Lancaster. 

Londa: — Launde, Leicestershire. 

Londinia, Londinium, Londinia 
Augusta : — London. 

Londino-Deria : — Londonderry, 
Ireland. 

Londinum, Londonia, Londonia : 
— London. 



388 



The Record Interpreter. 



Longa Leta : — Longleat, Wilts. 

Longouicariorum> Longouico : — 
Lanchester, or Chester-le- 
Street, Durham ; or Lan- 
caster. 

Longum JEstuarium : — Loch 
Linn he, Argyleshire. 

Longus Pons: — Long-bridge, 
Gloucestershire. 

Loonia : — Lothian. 

Louentinum : — Powysland, in 
Wales. See also Luentmum. 

Lounerastra : — Lancaster. 

Lor a: — River Lossie, Elgin; or 
the Loth, Sutherland. 

Loxo, Civitas : — Tnverlochy, Scot- 
land. 

Lucent : — The people of West 
Munster. 

Lucga : — River Lugg, Hereford- 
shire. 

Lucopibia : — Whitherne, Gallo- 
way. See Candida Casa. 

Lucus Benedictus: — Stanlawe 
Abbey, Cheshire. 

Ludu : — Louth, Ireland ; Louth, 
Line. ; Ludlow. 

Luddolocus,Ludelawa: — Ludlow, 
Shropshire. 

Luentinum : — Llanddewybref}', 
Cardiganshire. 

Ltigas : — River Lug, Hereford- 
shire. 

Lugdunum : — Louth, Ireland. 

Lug ens is : — Of Louth, Ireland. 

Lughbelunensis : — Of Louth, Ire- 
land. 

Lugi: — People in the north of 
Scotland, 



Luguballio, Lvguhallium : — Car- 
lisle, or Plumpton Wall, 
Cumberland. 

Lugundinum: — Lanchester, Dur- 
ham. 

Luguuallum : — Carlisle, Cumber- 
land. See Luguballia. 

Luia : — Louth (?). 

Luia : — River Lea, Herts. 

L^umbricus : — Limerick. 

Lummalea : — Lumley, Durham. 

Lumniacum, Lumpniucum : — 
Limerick. 

Jjuna: — Lynn, Norfolk. 

Lunda : — Monk Bretton, Yorks. 

Lundinium, Lundonia : — London. 

Lunia : — Lancashire. 

Lutudarum : — Tapton, near Ches- 
terfield, Derbyshire. 

Lutum: — Louth, Ireland. 

Luua : — Louth County, Ireland. 

Luueth : — Louth (?), Ireland. 

Luuius : — River Lee, Cork. 

Lychefeldin : — Lichfield, Staf- 
fordshire. 

Lyssa : — Liss, Hants. 



M. 

Macatonion : — The same as Art- 
conium. 

Machui: — Mayo, Ireland. 

Macolicum : — Mallow, co. Cork, 
Ireland. 

Madus : •— Maidstone, Kent, or 
Strood* See Vagniacce. 



Latin Names of Places. 



1389 



Mcoatcu: — People living near the 
Wall of Antonine. 

Mayesetce : — The people of Rad- 
norshire, or Herefordshire. 

Mayiouinium, Mayiouintum : — 
Dunstable or Ash well, Beds ; 
or Fenny Stratford, or 
Aylesbury, Bucks. 

May is : — Pierce Bridge, Durham, 
or Lonsdale Hundred, Lane. 

Mayium: — Nenay, co. Cork. 

Maylona, Maylouce : — Machyn- 
lleth, Montgomeryshire ; 
Greta Bridge, Yorks ; or 
Lancaster. 

Maynis: — Bowness,Cumberland; 
Caervoran or Chester- in-the- 
Wall, near Haltwhistle, 
Northumberland ; Ken- 
chester, or Old Radnor, 
Herefordshire. 

Maynitum. See Mayiouinium. 

Maynus Portus : — Portsmouth. 

Maia: — May Island, in the Firth 
of Forth. 

MaiduJphi Cur in, Maidulplv 
Urbs : — Malmesbury, Wilts. 

Matyonensis : — Of Mayo, Ireland. 

Mailenia : — Maelienydd, a pro- 
vince in Powys, North 
Wales. 

Mailoria Walliai. : — May lor, 
Flintshire. 

Maina Flu. : — The Mintern, 
Dorset. 

Maionensis : — Of Mayo. 

Malaca : — Isle of Mull. 

Mala Platea : — Near Wenlock, 
Shropshire. 

Malbanus Vicus, Vicus Mulbus : 
— Wyz Maubau, Nautwieh, 
Cheshire. 



Malcolicum : — Mallow, co. Cork. 

Maldunen.se Cwnohium : — 

Malmesbury Abbey, Wilts. 

Malea Platea : — 111 Street, 
Cheshire. 



Malesberqia 
Wilts. 



Marlborough, 



Maleos: — Isle of Mull, west of 
Scotland. 

Malmesbiria : — Maluicsbury. 

Malum Oppidum: — Yeovil, 
Somerset. 

Mains Passus : — Malpas, 
Cheshire. 

Maluerna, Maluernid, Muluer- 
num: — Malvern, Worcester- 
shire. 

Mameceastra : — Manchester, 
Lancashire. 

Mamucium : — Manchester. 

Manapia : — Wicklow, or Wex- 
ford, Ireland. 

Manaui. See Meneuia. 

Manvunium : — Manchester. 

Mdnduessedum : — Mancetter, or 
Kenil worth, Warwickshire. 

Mania, Manna, Mannia : — The 
Isle of Man. 

Mannechestria : — Mancetter, 
Warwickshire. 

Mantauis : — St. David's, Pem- 
brokeshire. 

Mantio : — Manchester. 

Manucium : — Manchester. 

Mara, Foresld de : — Delamere 
Forest, Cheshire. 

Marawuda: — Marwood, Durham. 

Marchenium : — Roxburgh. 

Manhia : — March, or Mers, 
Scotland. 



390 



The Record Interpreter. 



Mar chia Wallim : — The Marches 
or Borders of Wales. 

Marchidunum : — Roxburgh. 

Marcotaxon : — A town north of 
the Wall of Antonine. 

Marc Britannicum : — The 
English Channel. 

Mare Caledonium : — The Scotch 

Sea. 

Mare Hibernicum :-^The Irish 
Channel. 

Mare Sabrinianum : — The Severn 
Sea. 

Mare Virginium, Verginium : — 
The sea on the south of 
Ireland. 

Margaberga : — Marlborough, 
Wilts. 

Margidunam, Margitudum : — 
East Bridgeford, Notts ; or 
Mount Sorrel, Leicester- 
shire. 

Maridunum : — Caermarthen. 

Mariscallia : — The Marshalsea, 
London. 

Marlebrigia : — Marlborou gh. 

Marnia : — Mearns, Kincardine, 
Scotland. 

Marria : — Marr, Aberdeen, Scot- 
land. 

Martona : — Merton, Surrey. 

Masona: — A town probably in 
Devonshire. 

Massamensis Pirns : — Masham 
Bridge, Yorks. 

Ma tillis Castellum : — Painscastle, 
Herefordshire. 

Matouion : — A town north of the 
Wall of A tonine. 



Mauditi Cast rum : — St. Mawo's 
Castle, Cornwall. 

Maulion : — A town north of the 
Wall of Antonine. 



Mauordina 
shire. 



-Marden, Heref ord- 



Mauia: — RiverMaw, Merioneth- 
shire. 

Mauritanea : — probably Llan- 
badarn Vaur, Cardiganshire. 

Mauthia : — Meath, Ireland. 

Maxima Casarioisis : — Province 
of Britain, north of the 
Humber and Bibble, and 
south of Tyne ; or the 
Scotch Highlands, north of 
the Wall of Sever us. 

Mealdunum: — Maldon, Essex. 

Mealmesbiria : — Malmesbury. 

Mealtuna : — Malton, Yorks. 

Meandari. See Meanuari. 

Meanuari: — A tribe living in 
Hampshire, whose name 



remains in Estmeon 
Westmeon Hundreds. 



and 



Mearlsberga : — Marlborough, 
Wilts. 

Meata : — People of Lothian. 

Meaudunum : — Maldon, Essex. 

Medeguaia : — River Medway. 

Medena : — Newport, Isle of 
Wight. 

Medeshamstundensis : — Of Peter- 
borough, Northants. 

Media-. — County of Meath, Ire- 
land. 

Mediamnia : — Modmenham, 
Bucks. 

Medimna : — Christchurch, 
Hants. 

Mediolanium : — Middleham, 
Yorks. 



Latin Names of Places. 



391 



Mediolanum : — Llanvyllin or 
Meifod, Montgomery ; or 
Nantwich, Cheshire ; Dray- 
ton, Whitchurch, or Bear- 
stone, Shropshire ; or Ches- 
terton, Warwickshire. 

Mediomanum : — The same as 
Mediolanum, or Maentwrog, 
Merionethshire . 

Medionemeton : — On the Wall of 
Antonine. 

Mediterranei Angli: — People of 
the Midland Counties. 

Medius Vicus : — Middlewich, 
Cheshire. 

Meduaga, Medweacus : — River 
Med way. 

Mela :— Isle of Mull. 
Melamon : — In Devonshire. 

Melanclani, Melanchlani: — 
People of the Scilly Islands. 

Melduna : — Maldon, Essex. 

Meldunum : — Malmesbury, Wilt- 
shire. 

Melesburia: — Melbury, Dorset. 

Melezo : — In Dorset. 

Mella monasterium : — Meaux 
Abbey, Yorks. 

Mellifons : — Mellifont, Louth. 

Melsa: — Meaux, Yorks. 

Memanturum : — A town north of 
the Wall of Antonine. 

Menan : — Meneg, Cornwall. 

Menapii : — Tribe inhabiting 
Wexford. 

Menauia : — Isle of Man. 

Menes : — Meon, Hants. 

Meneuia : — St. David's, Pem- 
brokeshire. 



Menna : — Meneg, Cornwall. 

Menstra : — Minster, Kent. 

Mentce : — People on the Scotch 
Border. See Meatce. 

Meodewega : — River Medway. 

Mercia : — Middle part of Eng- 
land. 

Mercii: — Inhabitants of Mercia. 

Merionithia : — Merionethshire. 

Merleberga : — Marlborough, 
Wilts. 

Merleberia, Merlebrigia : — Marl- 
borough. 

Merscum : — Marske, Yorks. 

Mersia : — River Mersey, 
Cheshire. 

Mertce : — Tribe inhabiting 
Sutherland. 

Meruinia : — Merionethshire. 

Metaris sEstuarium : — The Wash, 
Norfolk. 

Meuania : — Isle of Man ; Angle- 
sey. 

Miba : — Midhurst, Sussex. 

Micelnidi Michennia, Michlania : 
— Muchelney, Somerset. 

Mictis. See Ictis. 

Mida : — Meath, Ireland. 

Midcelania : — Muchelney, Somer- 
set. 

Middlesexia :— Middlesex. 

Midia : — Meath. 

Mildeshala : — Mildenhall, Suf- 
folk. 

Mildetunmsis : — Of Middleton, 
Dorset. 

Miltdunum: — same as Mel- 
dunum (?). 

Milfordiensis Partus : — Milford 
Haven. 



392 



The Record Interpreter. 



Milidunum : — In Devonshire. 

Milleferda :— Milford, Pem- 
brokeshire. 

Miluerdicus Portus : — Milford 
Haven. 

Minarii Montes: — Mendip Hills, 
Somerset . 

Minchen eleya : — Canonleigh, 
Burleseombe, Devon. 

Minerum Insula : — Peninsula of 
Morvern, Argyleshire. 

Mira Vallis : — Merevale, 
Warwickshire. 

Mirmanton : — According to Nen- 
nius the same as CairSegeint, 
which Henry of Hunting- 
don says is iSilchester ; but 
one MS. of Nennius adds, 
" Id est urbs Fboraca." 

Mitfurdia : — Mitford, Northum- 
berland. 

Mochinga : — Mucking, Essex. 

Modanus : — Piver Liffey, Ire- 
land. 

Modarmts: — Piver Mourne ; once 
applied to the Foyle. 

Moina : — Man. 

Molts Flu. : — The Mole, Surrey. 

Momonia : — Province of Mun- 
ster, Ireland. 

Mona : — Anglesey. 

Mona Ulterior : — Isle of Man. 

Monachodunum : — Monkton, 
Yorks. 

Monachopolis : — Newcastle - on - 
Tyne (Muuekeceastre). 

Monawda, Monapia : — The Isle 
of Man. 

Monasterium Cornutum : — Horn- 
church, Essex. 



Monaster ium Hederosum : — Ivy- 
church, Wilts. 
Monega : — Anglesey. 
Monemuta : — Monmouth. 
Monia : — Anglesey ; Man. 
Monmuthia : — Monmouth. 
Monocotona : — Monkton, Kent. 
Monomia. See Momonia. 
Monouaga : — Monmouth. 

yions Acutus : — Montacute, 

Somerset. 
Mons Alius : — Mold, Flintshire. 
Mons Arenosus : — Sandon, Herts. 
Mons Dives : — Pichmond, Surrey. 
Mons Dolor osus : — Stirling. 

Mons Draconis : — Mount Drake, 
Devon. 

Mons Gaudius : — see Mons 
Jouis. 

Mons Gomericus: — Montgomery, 
Wales. 

Mons Grampitts : — Grampian 
Hills. 

Mons Jouis : — Mount joy, or 
Monge, Norfolk. 

Mons Michaelis : — St. Michael's 
Mount, Cornwall. 

Mons Rosarum : — Montrose, For- 
farshire. 

M>ms S. Andrea : — Sallay, or 
Sawley, Yorks. 

Mons Solis : — Bath. 

Mont Dolerus, Chastel de : — 
Montrose. 

Man tar cola : — Near Caermar- 

then. 
Monte Giloerti\ Foresta de : — 

The Wrekin, Shropshire. 
Montgomeria : — Montgomery. 
Monumtthia : — Monmouth. 
Mora : — More, Shropshire. 



Latin Names of Places. 



393 



Moravia : — Moray or Murray, 
Scotland. 

Morbium : — Moresby, Cumber- 
land ; Hornsea, or Temple 
Brough, Yorkshire. 

Morda : — River Meole (?), which 
joins the Severn near 
Shrewsbury. 

Moricamba, Moricambe JEstua- 
rium : — Morecambe Bay, 
Lancashire. 

Moridunum : — Seaton, or Honi- 
ton, Devon ; Eggerton, 
Dorset. 

Morpitium : — Morpeth, North- 
umberland. 

Morsiburyus : — Bridgenorth, 
Shropshire. 

Mortuus Lacus : — Mortlake, 
Surrey. 

Mucletona : — Mickleton. 

Mida : — Isle of Mull, west coast 
of Scotland. 

Munehwastra : — Neweastle-on- 
Tyne, Northumberland. 

Muuemuta : — Monmouth. 

Munus : — River Monnow, which 
divides Herefordshire from 
Monmouthshire. 

Murevia : — Moray, Scotland. 

Muridunum. See Moridunum. 

Muridanum : — Caermarthen. 

Murimintum, Muriuindum : — Sil- 
chester, Hants. 

Murionio :— In Dorset. 

Murotriges. See Durotriyes. 

Murrevia: — Moray, Scotland. 

Murthlacum : — Murtle}', Aber- 
deen. 



Murus :— River Vere, Herts. 

Murus Picticus : — The Picts' 
Wall. See Hadriani Murus. 

Muscomaria : — Mossdale Moor, 
Yorks. . 

Mussalburyum : — M usselburgh, 
co. Edinburgh. 

Mutuantonis : — Lewes, Sussex ; 
Whitewalls, Wilts. 

Myyensis : — Of Mayo, Ireland. 



N. 

Nabceus. See Nauceus. 

Nceomayus. See Neomayus ; 
Nouiomayus. 

Ncesbeia : — Naseby, Northants. 

Naynata : — Sligo, or Limerick. 

Nalcua : — The same as Galleua. 

Nanceus. See Nauceus. 

Nuntouicum : — Nantwich, 
Cheshire. 

Nasense Caslrum : — Naas, Kil- 
dare. 

Nasi Enei Colleyium : — Brase- 
nose College, Oxford. 

Nauceus : — River Naver, Suther- 
land. 

Nauesbia : — Naseby, Northants. 

Naurum : —The Nadder, Wilts ; 
the Naver, Sutherland. 

Nautyallum : — Walbrook, Lon- 
don. 

Nauticus Sinus : — Rotherhithe. 

Neagora : — Newmarket. 

Neddercota : — Nethercote, Ox- 
fordshire. 

Nemedus : — Barrymorc, near 
Cork. 



394 



The Record Interpreter, 



Nemetotacio : — A town in Corn- 
wall. 

Nemus Aquilinum : — Elstree, 
Herts. 

Nemus Boreale : — North - hall, 
Herts. 

Neomagus: — Buckingham, See 
also Nouiomagus. 

Neoportus : — Newport, Isle of 
Wight ; Newport, Essex. 

Neoportus Paganellicus : — New- 
port Pagnell, Bucks. 

Neorus : — Lagan Water, Ulster. 

Nerigon Insula : — Isle of Lewes. 

Neslandia : — West of Scotland. 

Neuarca, Newerca : — Newark, 
Notts. 

Nicholia, Nicole : — Lincoln. 

Nicolesciria : — Lincolnshire. 

Nidum : — Portbury, Somerset ; 
Neath, Glamorganshire. 

Nidus: — River Nid, Yorks. 

Nig era : — Blakeney, Norfolk. 

Nincolia : — Lincoln. 

Niomagus. See Nouiomagus. 

Nithia : — Nidisdale, Scotland. 

Niuburia : — Newbury, Berks. 

Niuirollini : — Snowdon Moun- 
tain, Caernarvonshire. 

Niwebota : — Newbottle, Durham. 

Nhveburia : — Newbury, Berks. 

Nobius. See Nouius. 

Nocteleia : — Nutley, Bucks. 

Nordhumbra, Nordhumbria : — 
Northumberland. 

Nordoricum : — Norton Hall, 
Yorks. 



Nordouicum : — Norwich. 
Nordouolca : — Norfolk. 
Norflita : — Northfleet, Kent. 
Norhamtuna : — Northampton. 
Norhantescira : — Northampton- 
shire. 
Norhumbria : — Northumberland. 

Northaluertonia : — Northaller- 
ton, Yorks. 

Northamptoniiiy Northamtuna : — 
Northampton. See Banna- 
venna. 

Northanimbria : — Northumber- 
land. 

Northantonia : — Northampton. 

Northimbria: — Northumberland . 

Northumbria : — Northumber- 
land. 

Northwicum : — Norwich. 

Northymbria : — Northumber- 
land. 

Nortmannabia : — Normanby, 
Yorks. 

Nortobricum : — Norton Hall, 
Yorks. 

Nortouicum : — Northwicb, 
Cheshire. 

Noruicum : — Norwich. 

Noruallia : — North Wales. 

Norwi<ia } Nonvicus : — Norwich. 

Notium Promoniorium : — Mizen 
Head, Wicklow, Ireland. 

Nottingamia : — Nottingham. 

Noua Aula : — Newhall, Essex. 

Noua Porta : — Newgate, London. 

Noua Terra : — Newland, Glou- 
cestershire. 

Noua Villa : — Newtown, co. 
Down. 



Latin Names of Places. 



395 



Nouantii, Nouanta, Nouantes'. — 
The inhabitants of Gallo- 
way, Carrick, and Arran. 

Nouantum Promontorium, No- 
uantum Chersonesus : — Mull 
of Galloway ; Cockermouth. 

Nouia : — River Rother, Susses. 

Nouiodunum: — Newenden,Kent. 

Nouiomagus, Nouiomagnus ; — 
Woodcote, Surrey ; Chi- 
chester ; Holwood Hilly 
Keston, or near Plumstead, 
Kent. 

Nonius Flu. : — River Nid, Scot- 
land. See also Conouium. 

Nouum Castellum, Nouum Cas- 
trum : — Newcastle - upon - 
Tyne, Northumberland ; 
Newcastle - under - Lyme, 
Staffordshire. 

Nouum Forum, Nouum Merca- 
tum : — Newmarket, Cam- 
bridgeshire. 

Nouum Oppidum sub Lima : — 
Newcastle-under-Lyme. 

Nouum Oppidum super Tinam: — 
Newcastle-on-Tyiie. 

Nouus Bur (/us : — Newport, Isle 
of Wight ; Newport, Mon- 
mouthshire ; Newhaven or 
Rye, Sussex ; Newbury, 
Berks ; Newburgh, Yorks ; 
a Benedictine convent near 
Llandaff. 

Nouus Locus: — Newark, or New 
Place, near Guildford ; New- 
stead, Notts. 

Nouus Portus: — Newport; New- 
haven, Kent ; Rye, Sussex. 

Nuba : — Midhurst, Sussex. See 
Miba. 



Nubiria, Nuburia : — Newbury, 
Berks. 

Nulla EJusmodi, Nulli Par, Nulli 
Secunda : — Nonsuch, Surrey. 



Oboca Flu. 
land. 



0. 



■River Avoca, Ire- 



Occidua Wallia : — Cornwall. 

Oceanus Verginius : — The Irish 
Ocean. 

Ocellum Promontorium : — Spurn- 
head, Holderness, Yorks. 

Ocetis : — Shetland, Pentland, 
Skerries. 

Ochthe Hvpsele : — Ord of Caith- 
ness. 

Ocite: — Baz Island on the West 
of Ireland (Bear Isle, Ban- 
try Bay?). 

Ockhamptonia : — Okehampton, 
Devon. 

Ockus : — River Okement, Devon. 

Ocrinum, Ocrium Promontorium : 
— Lizard Point, Cornwall. 

Octapitarum Promontorium : — 
St. David's Head, Pem- 
brokeshire. 

Odrona : — Idrone, co. Carlo w. 

Oestrymnicus Sinus : — Mount's 
Bay, Cornwall. 

Oestrymnides Insula; : — &cilly 
Islands. 

Offalaia : — Offaly, co. Kildare. 

Offedena : — Howden, Yorks. 

Offelana : — Offaly. 



396 



The Record Interpreter. 



OJfelaua: — Offlow, Staffordshire. 

Oisscreia : — Ossory, Ireland. 

Okesseta : — Oxshot, Surrey. 

Olaneya : — Olney, Tucks. 

Oleiclauis : — Ogle Castle, 
Northumberland. 

Olenacum : — Old Carlisle, or 
Ellenborough, Cumberland; 
Ilkley, Yorks. 

Of erica : — llkirk, Cumberland. 

Oljinum: — Elphin, co. Roscom- 
mon, Ireland. 

Olicana : — Ilkley, or Halifax, 
Yorks. 

Omire : — Southampton. 

Omnium Sanctorum ad Fwnum 
Parochia : — Allhallows the 
Great, London. 

Omnium Sanctorum de Barking : 
— Allhallows, Barking, 

London. 

Omnium Sanctorum Garscherch : 
— Allhallows, Lombard 
Street. 

Omnium Sanctorum in Mellis 
Viculo: — Allhallows, Honey 
Lane, London. 

Omnium Sanctorum in Vico 
Longobardico : — Allhallows, 
Lombard Street, London. 

Omnium Sanctorum in Vico Pis- 
torum : — Allhallows, Bread 
Street, London. 

Omnium Sanctorum Pictorum 
Delibuentium : — Allhallows 
Staining, London. 

Omnium Sanctorum super (or 
ad) Cclarium :— Allhallows 
the Less, London. 



Omnium Sanctorum supra 
Murum : — Allhallows - The - 
Wall, London. 

Onna : — Andover, or Alton, 
Hants. 

Onno. See Hunnum. 

Ophelania : — Offaly, Lei lister. 

Ora : — Ore, Sussex. 

Orcades Insulce : — The Orkney 
Islands. 

Orcaneia : — Orkney. 

Orcas Promontorium : — Luiinet 
Head, Caithness. 

Orchadia. See Orcades. 

Ordeuices, Ordolucce : — People of 
North Wales. 

Ordouica : — Tribe near Berwick. 

Ordouicum: — Norwich. SeeNor- 
douicum. 

Orkeneia : — Orkney Islands. 

Ormondia : — Ormond, Ireland. 

Orrhea : — Orrock, Fife9hire. 

Orsteda : — Horsted Keynes, 

Sussex. 

Orus Flu. : — River Ore, Suffolk. 

Osca : — River Usk, Wales. 

Oseneia : — Oseney, Oxfordshire. 

Osseria, Ossoria : — Ossory, Ire- 
land. 

Ossonia : — Oxford. 

Ostium Stura : — Stourmouth, 
Kent. 

(Ostuthus : — River Ystwith,South 
Wales. 

Osicaldeslawa : — Osbaldstow, 
Worcestershire. 

Oswald i Arbor : — Oswestry, 
Shropshire. 



Latin Names of Places. 



397 



Oswaldi Crux: — Oswestry. 

Oteleia : — Otley, Yorks. 

Othona : — Ithanch ester, or Brad- 
well- juxta-Mare, Essex. 

Otreuum : — Up Ottery, Devon. 

Ottadeni, Ottadini> Ottalini : — 
People on the coasst from 
Tyne to Forth. 

Ottanforda : — Otford, Kent. 

Otthea : — Otham, Kent. 

Ottodani. See Ottadeni. 

Ouedra : — River Adder, Ber- 
wickshire. 

Onset : — River Ouse, Yorks, and 
Bucks. 

Outerini : — People of Desmond, 
Ireland. 

Ouinia Insula: — Isle of Sheppey, 
Kent. 

Oxebea : — Christchurch, Hants. 

Oxefordia, Oxenforda : — Oxford. 

Oxenhala: — Oxenhall, Durham. 

Oxeneia : — Oxney, Lincolnshire. 

Oxeria : — Ossory, Ireland. 

Oxinega :— Oxney Isle, Kent. 

Oxo?iia, Oxonium : — Oxford. 

Oza : — River Ouse. 



P. 



Pagula, Pagula Fleta :— Paules 
Flete, now Paghill or Paull, 
Yorks. 

Palus Argita : — Lough Derg, 
Ireland. 

Palus Salsa : — Pwllheli, Caer- 
narvonshire. 



Palustris Vicus : — Fenchurch 
Street, London. 

Pampocalia : — The same as Cal- 
caria. 

Pangorensis : — Of Bangor. 

Panhovivs : — Penhow (?), Mon- 
mouthshire. 

Panttneia : — Pentney, Norfolk. 

Parathalassia : — Walsingham, 
Norfolk. 

Parvus Ludus : —Louth Park, 
Lincolnshire. 

Parisi: — People of Holderness, 
Yorks. 

Part a Cella: — A monastery in 
Ireland. 

Parvus Burgus : — Littleborough, 
Notts, and Lanes. 

Pascia : — Pacey, Leicestershire. 

Pasletum, Passeletum : — Paisley, 
Renfrewshire. 

Paterni Magni Ecclesia: — Llan- 
badarn Yawr, Cardigan- 
shire. 

Patricii Purgatorium : — Ellanu 
Frugadory, on an island in 
Lough Derg, Donegal. 

Pecchum: — The Peak, Derby- 
shire. 

Pedicoria : — 

Pedreda : — Penenden Heath, 
Kent. 

Pedr'idon Flu. : — River Parret, 
Somerset. 

Pegelandia : — Peakirk, 
Northants. 

Pembrochia, Penbrochia : — Pem- 
broke, Wales. 

Pencricum: — Penkridge, Staf- 
fordshire. 



398 



The Record Interpreter. 



Pendinas : — Pendennis Castle, 
Cornwall. 

Penguernum : — Shrewsbury. 

Penlinnia : — A place in Merio- 
nethshire, the source of 
the River Dee. 

Pcnmona : — Priestholme, Angle- 
sey. 

Penna : — Penselwood, Somerset ; 
or Stourhead, Wilts. 

Pennocrucium : — Penkridge, or 
Lichfield, Staffordshire. 

Pennorinum : — Penrhyn, Merio- 
nethshire ; Penryn, Corn- 
wall. 

Pente Flu.-. — River Pant, Essex. 

Peonnum: — Pen, Somerset. See 
Penna. 

Perscora, Persora : — Pershore, 
Worcestershire. 

Pert/mm : — St. Johnstone, or 
Perth, Scotland. 

Peterillus, Peterus Flu.: — The 
Peterill, Cumberland. 

Petra Duacensis : — Kilmac- 
duagh, co. Clare. 

Petra Fer tilts : — Corcumroe, 
Clare. 

Petriana: — Castle Steeds,Plump- 
ton Wall, or Cambeck Fort, 
Cumberland; WaltonHouse; 
Lanercost. 

Petriburgus, Petroburgum, Pe- 
tropolis : — Peterborough, 
Northants. 

Petuaria : — Beverley, or Brough 
Ferry on the Humber, 
Yorks. 

Peuenesea : — Pevensey, Sussex. 

Pexa : — A town near Dumbarton. 

Picalia : — Pickhill, Yorks. 



Pictauia, Pirtandia : — The coun- 
try of the Picts. 

Piati: — The Picts, a people living 
north of the Antonine Wall. 

Pilais: — A town in Cornwall or 
Devon. 

Pilla : — Pille, a Benedictine 
Priory in Stainton, Pem- 
brokeshire. 

Pincanhale : — Finchale Priory, 
Durham. 

Pinna its Civitas. See Alata 
Castra. 

Piona Canonicorum : — Canon 
Pyon, or Pewen, Hereford- 
shire. 

Piona Regis : — King's Pyon. 

Pirri, Insula : — Ynys Pyr, or 
Caldey Island, Pembroke- 
shire. 

Piscaria : — Fish Street, London. 

Piscaria Vetus, Piscenaria : — Old 
Fish Street, London. 

Placentia : — A palace at Green- 
wich, built by Humphrey, 
Duke of Gloucester. 

Placeto, Castellum de : — Pleshy, 
Essex. 

Plimmuta, Plymutha : — Ply- 
mouth, Devon. 

Pohanlech: — Poughley, Berks. 
Pohhela: — Poughley, Berks. 
Pola. See Strata Marcella. 
Poleslaica : — Polleshoe, Devon. 
Poletria : — The Poultry, London. 

Pomona : — Mainland, one of the 
Orkney Isles. 

Pons /Elii: — Ponteland, or New- 
castle, Northumberland. 



Latin Names of Places. 



399 



Pons Belli : — Stamford Bridge, 
Yorks. 

Pons Burgensis, Pons Burgi: 
— Boroughbridge, Yorks. 

Pons de Burc : — Boroughbridge. 

Pons Episeopi : — Bishopsbridge, 
Lincolnshire. 

Pons Ferie : 
Yorks. 



Ferrybridge, 



Pons Fr actus : — Pontefract, or 
Pomfret, Yorks. 

Pons Fractus Super Tamisiam: — 
Pomfret, near Stepney 
Marsh. 

Pons Stephani: — Lampeter, Car- 
diganshire. 

Pons Vianus : — Cowbridge, 
Glamorgan. 

Pontaquinum : — Bridgwater, 
Somerset. 

Ponte, de : — A house of Domini- 
can friars in Armagh dioc, 
perhaps at Drogheda. 

Pontes : — Colnbrook, Old Wind- 
sor, Staines, Reading, or 
Byfleet. 

Pontuobici : — Cowbridge, Gla- 
morganshire. 

Pontus Flu. : — The Point, 
Northumberland. 

Populorum Lapis : — Folkestone, 
Kent. 

Forces tr a : — Porchester, Hants. 

Poreoclassis : — Orrock, Fife ; 
Forfar ; or Barry. 

Porteseia : — Portsea, Hants. 

Portesmua, Portesmuda : — Ports- 
mouth, Hants. 

Portesmutha, Portesmuta: — 
Portsmouth. 



Portesoka : — The Portsoken, 
London. 

Portlandia : — Portland, Dorset. 

Portlargium : — Waterford, Ire- 
land. 

Portloeon : — Porlock Bay, Somer- 
set. 

Portunia Insula : — Isle of Port- 
land, Dorset. 

Portuosus Sinus : — Sewerby, 
Yorks. 

Portus Adurni : — Porchester, 
Hants ; Aldrington, or Old 
Shoreham, Sussex. 

Portus Ammonis : — Sandwich, 
Kent. 

Portus Britanniarum : — Ports- 
mouth ; or Bichborough, 
Kent. 

Portus Ecgfridi : — Jarrow Slake, 
Durham. 

Portus Lemanis: — Lympne, 
Kent. 

Portus Magnus : — Portsmouth. 

Portus Novus : — Bye, Sussex (in 
the Roman period) ; New- 
haven, Sussex. 

Portus Ostium : — Portsmouth. 

Portus Pat rum : — Abbey at 
Enachdune, co. Galway. 

Portus Salutis: — Cromarty, Scot- 
land. 

Portus Sistuntiorum. See Setan- 
tiorum Portus. 

Pouisia, Powisa, Powisia : — 
Powys, Wales. 

Presidium: — The same asPrato- 
rium. 

Presidium Civitas : — Camelon, 
co. Stirling. 



400 



The Record Interpreter. 



Prcetorium : — Patrington, 
Broughton, Flamborough, 
or Hedon, Yorks. 

Pr ait's, S. Maria de : — S. Mary 
de Pre or de la Pre, or S. 
Mary of Prees.* 

Praia Domini Regis: — Kings- 
mead, Derbyshire. 

Prestona, Prestonium: — Preston, 
Lancashire. 

Pridania : — For Britannia. 

Princiduela : — Prittlewell, Essex. 

Priiannia : — For Britannia. 

Priuotes Flu. : — Eiver Privet, 
Hants. 

Procolitia :— rPrudhoe Castle, or 
Carrawburgh, Northumber- 
land. 

Pro/undum Vadum: — Deptford. 

Pteroion Stratopedon : — Edin- 
burgh. See Alata Castra. 

Pttellarum Ca strum : — Edin- 
burgh. 

Pnlchra Vallis : — Beau vale, 
Notts. 

Pulchrum Vadum : — Fairford, 
Gloucestershire. 

Pulchrum Visu : — Belvoir, 
Leicestershire. 

Pulla. See Pilla. 

Punctuobice : — Oowbridge, 
Glamorganshire. 

Purocoronauis : — A town in Corn- 
wall or Devon. 

Putewurtha : — Petworth, Sussex. 



Puttenega : — Putney, Surrey. 
Pyonia. See Piona. 



Q. 



Quadraria, Quarrera, Quarrra: — 
Quarre, Wight. 

Quentona : — Quinton, Northants. 



R. 

Ractomessa : — River Racon. 

Radecotanus Pons : — Pad cot 
Bridge, Oxon. 

Rademora : — Padmore, Stafford- 
shire. 

Radenawra, Radenoura : — Rad- 
nor. 

Radinge : — Reading, Berks. 

Radnoria : — Radnor. 

Reeding a : — Reading. 

Raga, Ragce : — Leicester; Ret- 
ford. 

Raganeia : — Rayleigh, Essex. 

Ramense : — Of Ramsey. 

Ramesburia : — Ramsbury , 
Wilts. 

Ramesia, Rameseya : — Ramsey, 
Hunts. 

Ranatonium. See Rhetigonium. 

Randuaria : — Renfrew. 



* There were two nunneries of this name, a Benedictine house 
near St. Albans, and a Cluniac house in Northants ; also an abbey 
of Austin Canons near Leicester. 



Latin Names of Places. 



401 



Rapa, Rapotum : — Raphoe, 
Donegal, Ireland. 

Rata : — Leicester ; Ratby, or 
Brinklow, Warwickshire. 

Ratecorion. See Ratce. 

Rathpotensis, Rathpothensis : — Of 
Raphoe, Donegal, Ireland/ 

Ratostabius. See Rhatostathy- 
bius. 

Ratupis. See Rutupce. 

Rauenatone : — A town in Corn- 
wall or Devon. 

Rauendala : — Ravensworth, 
Durham (?). 

Rauimagum. See Nouiomagus. 

Rauius : — River Erne, Con- 
naught. 

Rauonia : — A town probably in 
Cumberland. 

Rebodunum : — Ribchester, Lan- 
cashire. 

Reculsum : — Reculver, Kent. 

Redingum : — Reading, Berks. 

Redmella : — Rodmell, Sussex. 

Regaina Insula : — Isle of Arran. 

Regalis Locus : — Riallieu, Rew- 
ley, Oxon. 

Regata : — Reigate, Surrey. 

Regentium. See Regnum. 

Regince Burgus :- — Queen- 
borough, Kent. 

Regiodunum Hullinum : — King- 
ston-upon-Hull, Yorks. 

Regiodunum Thamesinum : — 
Kingston-upon-Thames. 

Regis Burgus : — Queenborough, 
Kent. 

Regis Comitatus : — King's 
County, Ireland. 

M. 



Regni : — People of Surrey, Sus- 
sex, and the sea coast of 
Hampshire. 

Regni Sylva : — Ringwood, Hants. 

Regnum: — Ringwood, Hants; 
Chichester, or Steyning, 

Sussex. 

Regulbium: — Reculver, Kent. 

Reguli Fanum : — St. Andrews, 
also called Kirkrule and 
Kilrule. 

Reodburna : — Rodburne, Wilts. 

Reofhoppa : — Ryhope, Durham. 

Reopadunum : — Repton, Derby- 
shire. 

Repandunum : — Repton. 

Ret ha : — Byde, Isle of Wight. 

Reuedala. See Rauendala. 

Rhceba: — Rheban or Rheib, 
Queen's County, Ireland. 

Rhage : — Leicester. 

Rhatostathybius Flu. : — River 
Taff, Glamorganshire, Wye, 
or Ogmoor. 

Rhauius. See Rauius. 

Rhedus Flu. : — River Read, 
Northumberland. 

Rhemnius : — River Remny, Gla- 
morganshire. 

Rherigonius Sinus : — Loch Ryan, 
or Luce Bay. 

Rhesi Civitas : — Rochester, Kent. 

Rhetigonium : — Barlan or Stran- 
raer, Galloway. 

Rhibellus Flu. : — The Ribble, 
Lancashire. 

Rhicina : — Isle of Rum, or Rath- 
lin. See Richina. 

D D 



402 



The Record Interpreter. 



Rhigia : — Limerick, Ireland ; 
Railstown, Tipperary. 

Rhigodunum : — Ribchester, War- 
rington, or Manchester. 

Rhitubi Portus, Rhitupis Portus : 
— Richborough or Sand- 
wich, Kent. See Rutupce. 

Rhius : — River Rye, Yorkshire. 

Rhobodunum. See Rhigodunum. 

Rhobogdii : — People of Donegal, 
Ireland. 

Rhobogdium Promontorium : — 
Fair Foreland, now called 
Malin Head, co. Donegal. 

Rhoji Civitas: — Rochester, Kent. 

Rhutubi, RhutupicB. See Rutupce. 

Richala : — Riccal, Yorks. 

Richemundia, Richmondia : — 
Richmond, Yorks ; also 
Richmond, Surrey. 

Richina, Ricina, Ricinia, Ricnea: 
— Rathlin Isle, co. Antrim ; 
or Rum, one of the He- 
brides. 

Ridumo. See Moridunum. 

Riduna. See Richina. 

Rievallensis : — Of Rievaulx, 
Yorkshire. 

Rigia. See Rhigia. 

Rigmundia : — St. Andrews. See 
Fanum Reguli. 

Rigodunum : — Richmond, Yorks ; 
Ripon, Yorks ; Ribchester, 
Lancashire. 

Ripa : — River Ribble. 

Ripa Alta : — Ordhill, near Find- 
horn. 

Ripa Regine : — Queenhithe. 



Ripadium, Ripandunum : — Rep- 
ton, Derbyshire. 

Riparia Regine : — Queenhithe. 

Ripensis : — Of Ripon. 

Ripodunum, Ripodum : — Ripon, 
Yorks. 

Ritupis Portus. See Rutupce. 

Rium : — Rye, Sussex. 

Roberti Pons, Robertinus Pons: — 
Robert's Bridge, Sussex. 

Roboretum, Campus Roborum : — 
Deny, Ireland. 

Rochesburga : — Roxburgh. 

Rodecotanus Pons : — Radcot 
Bridge, Oxfordshire. 

Rodolanum : — Rhuddlan, Flint- 
shire. 

Roesperra : — Rusper, Sussex. 

Roffa : — Rochester, Kent. 

Roibis. See Roffa. 

Roisice Oppidum, Villa de Cruce 
Roesice : — Royston, Cam- 
bridgeshire. 

Rokesburga : — Roxburgh. 

Rosce Castellum : — Rose Castle, 
Cumberland. 

Roscomia : — Roscommon. 

Rosea Vallis : — Monaster - evin, 
Ireland (Ware 1. 455) ; Ross 
Glass, co. Kildare. 

Rosenensis : — Of Ross, Scotland. 

Rosensis : — Of Ross, Ireland ; of 
Rhos, Pembrokeshire. 

Rossa, Roscrea : — Ross, Wexford 
County, Ireland. 

Rossia : — Rosse Land, Cornwall ; 
Ross, Herefordshire; Ross, 
Scotland ; Rhos, Pembroke- 
shire. 



Latin Names of Places. 



403 



Roteiundia : — Rutland. 

Rothelanum : — Rhuddlan, Flint- 
shire. 

Rothesia : — Rothesay, Isle of 
Bute, west coast of Scot- 
land. 

Rotibis : — Rochester or Maid- 
stone, Kent. 

Rouecestria : — Rochester. 

Rouensis : — Of Rochester. 

Rouia : — River Rother, Sussex. 

Rowleia : — Rothley Temple, Lei- 
cestershire. 

Ruber Cliuus : — Redcliffe, or 
Ratcliffe, near London. 

Ruda : — Routh, Yorks. 

Ruelega : — Rowley Regis, Staf- 
fordshire. 

Rugnitunia, Ruitonia : — Ryton- 
upon-Dunsmoor, Warwick- 
shire. 

Rumabo Civitas : — Drumburgh 
Castle, Cumberland. 

Rumeseia : — Romsey, Hants. 

Rupa : — Roeh, Pembrokeshire. 

Rupe, de: — Roche, an Abbey in 
Yorks. 

Rupes Fergusii: — Carrickfergus, 
Ireland. 

Rupis Aurea : — Goldcliffe, Mon- 
mouthshire. 

Ruscomia : — Roscommon, Ire- 
land. 

Ruthunia : — Ruthin, Denbigh- 
shire. 

Rutlandia : — Rutland. 

Rutunia. See Rugnitunia ; Rutu- 
nium. 



Rutunium : — Wem, Shropshire ; 
Chesterton, Staffordshire ; 
Rowton, Shropshire. 

Rutupee, Rutupi, Rutupice, Ritupis 
Portus : — Richborough, 
Kent ; or Sandwich. 

Rutupinum littus : — The coast be- 
tween the North and South 
Forelands, Kent. 

Ruturugum Stagnum : — Bay of 
Dundrum, County Down. 



S. 

Sabaudia : — The Savoy, London. 

Sabriana, Sabrina : — River 
Severn. 

Sabulovicum : — Sandwich, Kent. 

Sacana : — River Shannon, Ire- 
land. 

Sacra Capilla : — Halifax, Yorks. 

Sacra Insula : — Holy Isle, 
Northumberland. 

Sacra Sylva : — Halifax, Yorks. 

Sacrum Nemus : — Halywood 
Monastery, Galloway. 

Sacrum Promontorium : — Green- 
ore Point, or Carnsore Point, 
Wexford. 

Sadberga : — Sadberge, Durham. 
Safteberia: — Shaftesbury, 
Dorset. 

Salebeia : — Selby, Yorks. 

Salence: — Chesterton,near Sandy, 
Beds. 

Salesburia : — Salisbury, Wilts. 

Salicetum, foresta de : — Salcey 

Forest, Northants. 
Salimnos Insula: — Sulmey Isle, 

near Milford Haven. 

dd2 



404 



The Record Interpreter. 



Salines : — Droit wich, Worcester- 
shire ; Nantwich, Cheshire ; 
Slaughter, Gloucestershire. 
See also Salence. 

Salisbiria : — Salisbury ; Shrews- 
bury. 

Salopesburia : — Shrewsbury, 
Shropshire. 

Salopescira, Salopesiria : — 
Shropshire. 

Salopia : — Shrewsbury. 

Saltria : — Sawtry, Hunts. 

Saltus Andreda : — The Weald of 
Sussex. 

Saltus Salmonis : — Leixlip, co. 
Dublin. 

Salutaris Portus : — Sewerby, 
Yorks. 

Salwarpus: — Salwarpe Eiver, 
Worcestershire. 

Samairus: — Eiver Erne, Ireland. 

Samothea : — Britain. 

Sancta Anna intra Portum 
Alneani : — St. Anne's, 
Aldersgate, London. 

S. Anna Nigrorum Monacho- 
rum : — St. Anne's, Black- 
friars, London. 

S. Crux : — Holyrood, Edinburgh. 

S. Genovefa: — Fornham St. 
Genevieve, Suffolk. 

S. Katarina de Colmancherche : 
— St. Catharine Colman, 
London. 

S. Katarina Trinitatis : — St. 
Catharine Cree Church. 

S. Margareta a Caligarum 
Venditione : — St. Margaret 
Pattens, London. 

S. Margareta extra Fossam : — St. 
Margaret Outditch, Roches- 
ter. 



Sancta MargaretajuxtaPontem: — 
St. Margaret, Bridge Street, 
or St. Margaret, New Fish 
Street, London. 

S. Margareta Moysi : — St. Mar- 
garet Moses, London. 

S. Maria a Lintris Statione : — St. 
Mary Bothaw, London. 

S. Maria Abbatis Ecclesice, or de 
Abbecherch : — St. Mary Ab- 
church, London. 

S. Maria ad Collem : — St. Mary- 
at-Hill, London. 

S. Maria ad Lance Trutinam : — 
St. Mary Woolchurch, 
London. 

S. Maria ad Villam Insular em: — 
St. Mary, Islington. 

S. Maria ad Villam Novam : — St. 
Mary Newington, London. 

S. Maria de Alba Capella : — St. 
Mary Whitechapel, London. 

S. Maria de Arcubus : — St. Mary- 
le-Bow, London. 

S. Maria de Insula : — Alceter, 
Warwickshire. 

S. Maria de Monte Alto: — St. 
Mary Mounthaw, London. 

S. Maria de Newcherche : — St. 
Mary Woolcburch, London. 

S. Maria de Rupe : — Kirkheugh, 
St. Andrews. 

S. Maria de Sabaudia : — St.Mary 
Savoy, London. 

S. Maria de Wlchershawe : — St. 
Mary Woolchurch, London. 

S. Maria in Aldermannorum 
Burgoparochia : — St. Mary's 
Aldermanbury, London. 

S. Maria in Campis : — St. Mary 
in the Fields, Edinburgh. 



Latin Names of Places. 



405 



Sancta Maria Salvatoris in Aus- 
trali Opere : — St. Mary's 
Southwark. 

S. Maria Senioris Marice : — St. 
Mary Aldermary, London. 

S, Maria Wolnothi: — St. Mary 
Woolnoth, London. 

S. Maria Maydalena de Bermendi 
Insula : — St. Mary Magda- 
len, Bermondsey > London. 

S. Maria Magdalena in Veteri 
Piscario Foro : — St. Mary 
Magdalen, Old Fish Street, 
London. 

S. Maria Magdalena in Vico 
Lacteo : — St Mary Magda- 
len, Milk Street, London. 

8. Ositha : — St. Osyth's, Essex. 

Sancti Botolphi Oppidum : — Bos- 
ton, Lincolnshire. 

S. Clari Castellum : — St. Clear's, 
Caermarthenshire. 

S. Columbce Insula : — Icolmkill, 
Iona. 

S.Davidis Oppidum: — St. David's, 
Pembrokeshire. 

S. Edwardi Abbatia : — Shaftes- 
bury, Dorset. 

S. Edwardi Villa : — Shaftesbury; 
Corfe Castle (?), Dorset. 

S. Egidii in Bosco, domus : — 
Flamsted, Herts. 

8. Vinini Ecclesia : — Kilwin- 
ning, Ayrshire. 

Sancto Johanne, Villa de : — 
Perth, Scotland. 

Sanctus ASgidius ad Portam 
Membris'captorum : — St. 
Giles Oripplegate, London. 

S. Albanus : — St. Alban's, Herts. 



Sanctus Albanus in Vico Ligneo : 
—St. Alban's Wood Street, 
London. 

S. Andreas: — St. Andrew's, Scot- 
land. 

S. Andreas ad Vestiarium : — St. 
Andrew's by the Wardrobe, 
London. 

S. Andreas sub Malo Cereali : — 
St. Andrew's Undershaft, 
London. 

S. Asa/: — St. Asaph, Flintshire. 

S. Bartholomews pone Peris ty- 
lium : — St. Bartholomew's 
near the Exchange, London. 

S. Benedictus in Graminoso Vico : 
— St. Benet's Gracechurch 
Street, London. 

S. Benedictus Shorhog : — St. 
Bennet's Sherehog, London. 

S. Boscus : — Holy wood, Belfast 
Bay. 

S. Botolphus ad Episcopi Portam : 
— St. Botolph's Bishops- 
gate, London. 

S. Botolphus ad Portam Bellini : 
— St. Botolph's Billingsgate, 
London. 

S. Botolphus ad Veterem Portam : 
— St. Botolph's without 
Aldgate, London. 

S. Botolphus Alnect Portee : — St. 
Botolph's without Alders- 
gate, London. 

S. Clemens Dacorum : — St. Cle- 
ment Danes, Strand. 

S. Edmundus : — Bury St. Ed- 
mund's, Suffolk. 

S. Edmundus in Vico Longo- 
bardico : — St. Edmund's, 
Lombard Street, London. 



406 



The Record Interpreter. 



Sanctus Gabriel in Vico Palustri : 
— St. Gabriel's Fenchurch 
Street, London. 

S. Jacobus ad Clericorum Fon- 
tem : — St. James' Clerken- 
well, London. 

S. Jacobus ad Ducis Hospitium : 
— St. James', Duke Place, 
London. 

S. Jacobus ad Mont em Allii : — 
St. James' Garlickhithe, or 
Hill, London. 

S. Joannes Zakarie : — St. John 
Zachary, in Aldersgate 
Ward. 

S. Johannes Baptista super Wal- 
broc : — St. John Baptist's, 
Walbrook, London. 

S. Laurentius in Judaismo : — St. 
Lawrence Jewry, London. 

S. Laurentius Pountneus : — St. 
Lawrence Pountney, Lon- 
don. 

S. Martinus ad Luddi Portam : 
—St. Martin's Ludgate, 
London. 

S. Martinus de Pomerio : — St. 
Martin's Pomeroy, London. 

S. Martinus in Ferrariorum 
Viculo : — St. Martin's Iron- 
monger Lane, London. 

S. Martinus in Vinariis f or de 
Vinetria: — St. Martin's 
Vintry, London. 

S.Martinusjuxta Charing e Crosse : 
— St.Martin's-in-the-Fields, 
London. 

S. Martinus Ogari: — St. Martin's 
Ogars, London. 

S. Martinus Outwichi, or Otte- 
wish: — St. Martin's Outwich, 
London. 



Sanctus Michael ad Blada : — St. 
Michael's at the Quern, 
London. 

S. Michael ad Ripam Reginalem : 
— St. Michael's, Queen- 
hithe, London. 

S. Michael de Woudestrete : — St. 
Michael's, "Wood Street. 

S. Michael extra S. Trinitatis : — 
St. Michael's without the 
Holy Trinity. 

S. Michael in Curuo Viculo : — 
St. Michael's Crooked Lane, 
London. 

S. Michael in Foro ad Bladum : 
— S. Michael's-atte-Corn, or 
le Quern. 

S. Michael in Hordeaceum Col- 
lem : — St. Michael's Corn- 
hill, London. 

S. Michael Paternoster Cherch in 
Riola : — St. Michael's Royal. 

S. Mundus : — Kilmund, Argyle- 
shire. 

S. Neothus : — St. Neot, Cornwall ; 
St. Neot's, Hunts. 

S. Nicholaus ad Macella : — St. 
Nicholas' Fleshambles, Lon- 
don. 

S. Nicholaus Aldrethegate ad 
Macella : — St. Nicholas' 
Fleshambles, London. 

S. Nicholaus Aurea Abbatia : — 
St. Nicholas' Cole Abbey, 
London. 

S. Nicholaus Hakun: — St. Nicho- 
las Aeon, London. 

S. Nicholaus Olof: — St. Nicholas 
Olave's, London. 

S. Olauus in Argenteo Vico : — 
St. Olave's, Silver Street, 
London. 



Latin Names of Places. 



407 



Sanctus Olauusin Australi Opere: 
— St. Olave's, Southwark. 

S. Olauus in Ceruina Platea : — 
St. Olave's, Hart Street, 
London. 

S. Olauus juxta Turrim : — St. 
Olave's, Hart Street. 

8. Oswaldus de Nostellis : — Nos- 
tal, Yorkshire. 

S. Pancratius in Vico Smeg- 
matico: — St. Pancras 
Soper's Lane, London. 

S. Paternus: — Llanbadarn, Car- 
diganshire. 

S. Paulusin Conuentuali Horto : — 
St. Paul's Oovent Garden, 
London. 

S. Petrocus : — Petrockstow, 
Devon. 

S. Petrus de Grano Piaco : — 
St. Peter's Cornhill. 

S. Petrus in . Foro : — St. Peter's 
Cheap, London. 

fit. Petrus super Tamisiam : — 
St. Peter's Paul's Wharf, 
London. 

S.Stephanusin Vico Colmanni: — 
St. Stephen's Coleman 
Street, London. 

Sandicum : — Sandwich, Kent. 

Sandouicum, Sanwicius : — Sand- 
wich. 

Sareberia : — Salisbury, Wilts. 

Saresburia, Sarisbiria : — Salis- 
bury, Wilts. 

Sarnia — Guernsey . 

Sartisy de : — Wardon Abbey, 
Beds. 

Sarua : — Kiver Severn. 



Sauerennus : — Piver Bandon or 
Biver Lee, Cork. 

Sauerna : — Biver Severn. 

Sauranus Flu. : — Biver Avon- 
more, Cork. 

Saxonicum Littus : — The eastern 
and southern coast of 
Britain. 

Scadum Namorum. See Isca 
Dumnoniorum. 

Scala Celt: — St. Wolstan's Abbey, 
co. Kildare. 

Scandia : — Sanday Island, one 
of the Orkneys. 

Scapeia : — Sheppey, Kent. 

Scardeburgum, Scardus Burgus : 
— Scarborough, Yorks. 

Scartheburga : — Scarborough, 
Yorks. 

Sceaftesbiria : — Shaftesbury, 
Dorset. 

Sceargeta : — Sarratt, Herts ; 
Shearsby, Leicestershire (?). 

Sce/tonia : — Shaftesbury, Dorset. 

Scena : — River Shannon. 

Sceptonia : — Shaftesbury,Dorset. 

Scetis : — Isle of Skye. 

Schafbera : — Shebbear, Devon. 

Scha/tesberia : — Shaftesbury, 
Dorset. 

Schellus Flu. : — River Skell, 
Yorks. 

Schelsega : — Chelsea, near Lon- 
don. 

Schepeia : — Sheppey. 

Scireburna : — Sherborne. 

Scona : — Scone, Perthshire. 

Scorberia, Scorbesberia : — 
Shrewsbury. 

Scornee: — Shorne, Kent. 



408 



The Record Interpreter, 



Scoti : — The Scots. 

Scotia : — Ireland ; Scotland. 

Scrobesberia, Scropesbyria : — 
Shrewsbury. 

Searesbiria : — Salisbury. 

Sebasta Altera Legio : — Liskeard, 
Cornwall. 

Secandunum : — Seckington, War- 
wickshire. 

Sedes Animarum : — Soulseat, 
Galloway. 

Sejtesberia, Seftonia : — Shaftes- 
bury, Dorset. 

Segedunum: — Sedghill; Cousins- 
house, or Wallsend, North- 
umberland. 

Segelocum : — Ollerton, or Little- 
borough, Notts. 

Segeswalda : — Seckington, War- 
wickshire. 

Seggesfelda : — Sedgefield, Dur- 
ham. 

Segontiaci: — A tribe living near 
Silchester. 

Segontium, Seguntium :— Cair- 
seint, Caernarvon ; Silches- 
ter. 

Selburgi Tumulus : — Silbury Hill, 

Wilts. 

Selebia : — Selby, Yorks. 

Seletuna : — Monk Hesleton, 
Durham; Silton, Yorks. 

Selgoum : — People of Nithsdale 
and Annandale. 

Sellince Insula : — Scilly Islands. 

Seluestuna : — Selston, Notts. 

Sena : — River Shannon. 

Senna : — River Senni, or River 
Usk, Brecknockshire. 



Senus : — River Shannon. 

Seolesia : — Selsea, Sussex. 

Sepes Inscisa : — Hay Castle, 
Brecknock (?). 

Serberia, Serbyria : — Salisbury. 

Serduno. See Segedunum. 

Seresberia : — Salisbury. 

Setantiorum Portus : — Winder- 
mere, or the mouth of the 
Ribble, Lancashire. 

Seteia JEstuarium : — The mouth 
of the Dee, Cheshire. 

Seueria : — Salisbury. 

Sewardeslega : — Sewesley near 
Towcester, Northants. 

Shaftonia : — Shaftesbury, Dorset. 

Shaga : — Shaw, Berks. 

Sharpenora : — Sconce Point, Isle 
of Wight. 

Shenum : — Shene, or Richmond, 
Surrey. 

Siambis : — River Shannon. 

Sibbetonum : — Sibton, Suffolk. 

Sienus : — River Shannon. 

Sigdeles : — The Scilly Isles. 

Silamesteda : — Sulhamstead, 
Berks. 

Silesia : — Selsea, Sussex. 

Silionnus. See Limnos. 

Sillince Insults : — Scilly Islands. 

Silura Insula : — Scilly Islands. 

Silures : — People of South Wales. 

Simeni : — A tribe in Norfolk and 
Suffolk. 

Sineius Flu. : — River Shannon, 
Ireland. 

Sinnenus : — River Shannon. 



Latin Names of Places. 



409 



Sinnodunum : — Sinodun Hill, 
near Wallingford, Berks. 

Sinomagus. See Sitomagus. 

Sinus Felix : — Bridlington or 
Filey Bay, Yorks. 

Siresburna : — Sherborne, Dorset. 

Siriolis : — St. Cyriol, Bangor. 

Sirwuda : — Sherwood, Notts. 

Sitomagus :< — Thetford, Norfolk ; 
Woolpit, Stowmarket, Dun- 
wich, or Eye, Suffolk. 

Slana : — River Slaine, Wexford. 

Slepa : — St. Ives, Hunts. 

Slicheius : — River Gitley, olim 
Sligo. 

Slopesberia : — Shrewsbury ; 
Shropshire. 

Smedefelda : — Smithfield. 

Snaudonia : — Snowdon Forest, 
Caernarvonshire. 

Sobrica : — Ardnamurchan, 
Argyleshire. 

Socinus : — River Shannon. 

Sodera : — Sodor, islands on the 
west coast of Scotland. 

Soltra, hospitale de : — Soutra, 
between Edinburgh and 
Kelso. 

Soluathianum ^Estuarium, Sol- 
u<Bum Flumen: — Sol way 
Firth. 

Somaridunum : — Somerton, 
Lincolnshire. 

Somersata, Somerseta, Somerse- 
tania, Somersetensis y Somer- 
tunensis Comitatus : — 
Somerset. 

Sorbiodunum, Soruiodunum : — 
Old Sarum ; Carisbrooke ; 
also Shrewsbury. 



Southamptonia : — Southampton. 

Southeria : — Surrey. 

Southerlandia : — Sutherland, 
Scotland. 

Southriana : — Surrey. 

Southsexena, Southsexia : — 
Sussex. 

Southwella : — Southwell, Notts. 

Spea : — River Spey, Elgin, Scot- 
land. 

Spina : — Speen, near Newbury, 
Berks. 

Spinarum Insula'. — Thorney Isle, 
the site of Westminster 
Abbey. 

Spinetum : — Spinney, Cam- 
bridgeshire. 

Spinudunum : — Thornton, Lin- 
colnshire. 

Staffordia : — Stafford. 

Stanfordia, Stanforda : — Stam- 
ford, Lincolnshire. 

Starkelea : — Startley, Wilts. 

Starus : — River Stour. 

Statiarius Lapis : — Clough, co. 
Antrim. 

Statio Deventia : — In Devon- 
shire, Totness (?). 

S leaf or densis : — Of Stafford. 

Stellala, Camera : — The Star 
Chamber. 

Stenum : — Stean, Northants. 

Steqfordensis : — Of Stafford. 

Stinsiarius : — River Stinchar, 
Ayrshire. 

Stiuentona : — Staunton, Glouces- 
tershire. 

Stokeporta, Stokeportus : — Stock- 
port, Cheshire. 



410 



The Record Interpreter. 



Stourus : — River Stour. 

Strata Florea, Strata Florida: — 
Ystrad Flur, or Stratflower, 
now Mynachlogfur, or 
Caron-llwch-Clawdd, Car- 
diganshire. 

Strata Marcella: — Strat Margel, 
or Ystrad Marchel, Mont- 
gomeryshire. 

Stratcluttenses : — Britons of 
Strathclyde. 

Streoneshalf: — Ancient name of 
Whitby Abbey. 

Stretgledwali. See Stratclut- 
tenses. 

Stretlea : — Streatlam, Durham. 

Strigulense Castrum : — Striguil 
Castle, Monmouthshire. 

Strigulia, Stringulia : — Chep- 
stow, Monmouthshire. 

Striuellina, Striuilingum : — Stir- 
ling, Scotland. 

Stroda: — Strood, Kent. 

Stubeheda, Stubhutha: — Stepney. 

Stuccia, Stucia Flu. : — River 
Ystwith, or Dovey, Cardi- 
ganshire. 

Stura : — River Stour. 

Sturodunum : — Stourton, and 
Stourminster, Dorset. 

Sturus Flu. : — River Stour. 

Sualua : — River Swale, Yorks. 

Suauicordiiim, Dulce Cor : — 
Sweetheart, or New Abbey, 
Kirkcudbrightshire. 

Subdobiadon: — A town on the 
Wall of Antonine. 

Sudereia : — Surrey. 

Sudesexia : — Sussex. 



Sudhamtonia : — Hampshire. 

Sudouerca : — South wark. 

Sudouolca, Sudouolgia: — Suffolk. 

Sudria : — Surrey. 

Sudsexa : — Sussex. 

Sudwallia : — South Wales. 

Sudwercha : — Southwark. 

Suella : — Southwell, Notts. 

Suelloniaca : — Brockley Hill, near 
Elstree, or Chipping Barnet, 
Herts. 

Suffolicia : — Suffolk. 

Sui/tus: — River Swift, Leicester- 
shire. 

Suina : — Swinhey, Yorks. 

Suirus : — Suir River, near Water- 
ford, Ireland. 

Sukius : — River Suck, Connaught. 

Sulcalua Flu. : — River Swale, 
Yorks. 

Sulloniaca, Sullonica. See Suel- 
loniaca. 

Sumersetanea } Sumertunensis, 
Summurtunensis Pag a : — 
Somerset. 

Sunning um : — Sonning, near 
Reading, Berks. 

Surium : — Inislaunagh, co. 
Tipperary. 

Surra, Surria, Surreia: — Surrey. 

Sussexia : — Sussex. 

Susura : — Isle of Jura (?). 

Suthamtonia : — Southampton. 

Suthamtunensis Provincia : — 
Hampshire. 

Suthburia : — Sudbury, Suffolk. 

Sutheria : — Surrey. 



Latin Names of Places. 



411 



Suthesexia : — Sussex. 

Suthimbria : — England south of 
the Humber. 

Suthreyia, Suthreia : — Surrey. 

Suthriona : — Surrey. 

Suthsaxonia : — Sussex. 

Suthsexia : — Sussex. 

Suthumbria. See Suthimbria. 

Suthwalonia : — South Wales. 

Suthwella : — Southwell, Notts. 

Sulhweorca : — Southwark. 

Suwallia : — South Wales. 

Suwella : — Southwell, Notts. 

Sweynesia : — Swansea, Glamor- 
ganshire. 

Swina : — Swinhey, Yorkshire. 

Swthwella : — Southwell, Notts. 

Syli : — People of S. Wales. 

Syllina, Sylina : — Scilly Isles. 

Syreburna : — Sherborne, Dorset. 



T. 



Taba : — Teignmouth, Devon. 

Tadecastrum : — Tadcaster. See 
Calcaria. 

Tadoriton: — A town between the 
Walls of Hadrian and An- 
tonine. 

Taffus Flu. :— River Taff, Gla- 
morganshire. 

Tagea : — Monteith, Perthshire. 

Taisa : — River Tees. 

Taizali : — The people of Buchan, 
Scotland. 



Taizalum Promontorium : — 

Buchanness, or Kinnaird 
Head, east coast of Scotland. 

Tama : — Thame, Oxfordshire. 

Tama Flu. : — River Tame, Ox- 
fordshire ; River Teme, 
Worcestershire. 

Tamara : — Tamerton-Foliott, 
Devon; or Saltash, Corn- 
wall. 

Tamara Flu. : — River Tamar, 
Cornwall. 

Tamare : — Tavistock, Devon. 

Tamar is. See Tamara. 

Tamaris Fluvii Ostia : — Ply- 
mouth. 

Tamar us : — River Tamar. 

Tamawordina : — Tamworth, 
Staffordshire. 

Tambra : — River Tamar. 

Tameia : — Dunkeld, Perthshire. 

Tamensis : — River Thames. 

Tamese : — Kingston, Surrey, or 
Streatley, Berks. 

Tamesia, Tamesis : — Rivers 
Thames and Medway. 

Tamewrda : — Tamworth, Staf- 
fordshire. 

Tamion : — River Tavy (?). 

Tamisa, Tamisis: — River 
Thames. 

Tamworthia : — Tamworth, Staf- 
fordshire. 

Tanarus : — River Tamar. 

Tanathos Insula : — Isle of 
Thanet, Kent. 

Tanaus :— The Firth of Forth. 
Tanetos. See Tanathos. 



412 



The Record Interpreter. 



Tanfelda : — Tanfield, Yorks. 

Taniatidce. See Tanathos. 

Tanodunum : — Taunton, Somer- 
set. 

Taodunum : — Dundee. 

Tarensis : — Of Deny, Ireland. 

Tarenteforda : — Dartford, Kent. 

Taruedum, Taruisium : — Dun- 
cansby Head, Caithness. 

Tarxa : — Torksey, Lincolnshire. 

Tatecastra : — Tadcaster, Yorks. 

Taua : — Teignmouth, Devon. 

Taua : — River Tay, Scotland. 

Tauistokia : —Tavistock, Devon. 

Taus : — River Tay. 

Tawus : — River Taw, Devon. 

Teauus : — River Tavy, Devon. 

Tedfordia :— Thetford, Norfolk. 

Techelesberia : — Tewkesbury, 
Gloucestershire . 

Tegceus Lacus : — Lake Tegid, or 
Bala, Merionethshire, 
Wales. 

Teisa, Teisis : — River Tees, Dur- 
ham. 

Temdus : — River Teme. 

Temesforda : — Tempsford, Beds. 

Templum Florum : — Kynloss, or 
Kilfloss, Moray. 

Tenos : — Isle of Thanet. 

Teodforda :— Thetford, Norfolk. 

Terdebigga : — Tardebigg, Wor- 
cestershire. 

Terentus Flu. : — River Trent. 

Terna : — River Tern, Shrop- 
shire. 



Tesa : — River Tees, Durham. 

Tesedala : — Teesdale. 

Tesobius : — River Conway. 

Tethfordum: — Thetford, Nor- 
folk. 

Tetocuria : — Tetbury, Glouces- 
tershire. 

Teuidalia : — Teviotdale, Scot- 
land. 

Tewiensis fiuvius : — River Tywi, 
Caermarthenshire. 

Texali : — People of Buchan, 
Aberdeenshire. See Taizali. 

Teysa : — River Tees. 

Thamesis, Thamisia : — Thames. 

Thanatos, Thanathos : — Thanet. 

Theisa : — River Tees. 

Themis : — River Teme, Worces- 
tershire. 

Thenodunum : — Taunton, Somer- 
set. 



Theobaldenses JEdes : 
balds, Herts. 



Theo- 



Theoci Curia : — Tewkesbury, 
Gloucestershire . 

Theodforda :— Thetford,Norfolk. 

Theodorodunum : — Wells, Somer- 
set. 

Theokebiria, Theukesberia : — 
Tewkesbury. 

Theorodunum . See Theodorodu- 
num. 

Theo8trota : — Toccotes, Yorks. 

Thermae : — Bath. 

Theta: — Little Ouse River, Nor- 
folk. 

Thetfordia :— Thetford, Norfolk. 

Thewda :— River Tweed. 



Latin Names of Places. 



413 



Thiletheya : — Tiltey, Essex. 

Thinemutha : — Tynemouth, 
Northumberland . 

Thinus Flu. : — River Tyne, 
Northumb erland . 

Thongum : — Thong, Yorkshire. 

Thonodunum : — Taunton, 
Somerset. 

Thonus : — River Tone, Somerset. 

Thornega : — Thorney Isle, the 
site of Westminster Abbey. 

Thorncia : — Thorney, Cam- 
bridgeshire. 

Thorp Comitisse : — Countess- 
thorpe, Leicestershire. 

Thuemia : — Tuam, Gal way. 

Thuenensis : — Of Down, Ireland. 

Thuetmonia : — Thomond, Ire- 
land. 

Thule : — Shetland Isles, or Ice- 
land. 

Thweda : — River Tweed. 

Tibius, Tybius Flu. : — River 
Teify, Cardiganshire. 

Tibraccia: — Tibraghny, Kil- 
kenny ; perhaps sometimes 
Tipperary. 

Ticcelea : — Thickley, Durham. 

Tichehella, Tichehulla : — Tick- 
hill, Yorks. 

Tichfelda : — Titchfield, Hants. 

Tiet/orda:— Thetford, Norfolk. 

Tignea : — Teign Canon, Devon. 

Tikehilla : — Tickhill, Yorks. 

Tilce. See Thule. 

Tileburgum : — Tilbury, Essex. 

Tiliapis. See Tolapia. 



Tina Flu.: — River Tyne, North- 
umberland ; or the Eden, 
Fifeshire. 

Tindolana : — Winchester in the 
Wall, Northumberland. 

Tinea Flu.: — River Teign, Devon. 

Tinemutha : — Tynemouth,North- 
umberland. 

Tinna. See Tina. 

Tinomoutum : — Tynemouth. 

Tintagium : — Tintagell, Corn- 
wall. 

Tinus. See Tina. 

Tiretia : — Tiltey, Essex. 

Tisa : — River Tees. 

Tisis, Tisobis Flu. : — River Con- 
way, N. Wales. 

Tistonia : — Tisted, Hants. 

Tiueteshala : — Titshall, Norfolk. 

Tiwa Magna : — Great Tew, Ox- 
fordshire. 

Tobius Flu. : —River Towy, Caer- 
marthenshire. 

T&sobis. See Tisis. 

Tolapia, Toliapis, Toliatis : — 
Sheppey, or Thanet. 

Toller Porcorum : — Swinetoller, 
Dorset. 

Tomewordina: — Tamworth, Staf- 
fordshire. 

Tomondia : — Thomond, Ireland. 

Tonbrigium : — Tonbridge, Kent. 

Tonellum : — The Tun, a prison in 
Cornhill. 

Torcestria : — Towcester, North- 
amptonshire. 

Torkesega: — Torksey or Torsey, 
Lincolnshire. 



414 



The Record Interpreter. 



Tornai, Torneia : — Thorney, Cam- 
bridgeshire. 

Tornetuna : — Thornton, Yorks. 

Torteoda : — Tortworth, Glouces- 
tershire. 

Tor tuna : — Thornton - le - Street, 
Yorks. 

Totonesium Littus : — Coast of 
Hampshire, opposite to Tot- 
land's Bay (?) ; Totness. 

Trajectus : — Henbury, Hanham, 
or Bitton, near Bristol. 

Trajectus Augusta : — Austcliff, 
or Henbury, Gloucester- 
shire. 

Treanta : — River Trent. 

Trecastellum : — Beaumaris, An- 
glesey. 

Trefontana : — Three Fountains, 
Lammermuir. 

Trehenta : — River Trent. 

Trellinum : — Welshpool, Mont- 
gomery. 

Trenovantum : — London. 

Trenta : — River Trent. 

Trepelawa : — Triplow, Cam- 
bridgeshire. 

Treska: — Thirsk, Yorks. 

Triburna : — Kilmore. 

Trimontium, Trimuntium : — An- 
nand, Dumfriesshire, or 
Eildon. 

Trinoantes, Trinobantes, Trino- 
uantes : — The people of Mid- 
dlesex and Essex. 

Tripontium : — Towcester, or Lil- 
bourne, Northants; Rugby, 
Cave's Inn, or Kineton, 
Warwickshire. 



Trisanton : — River Test, Hants ; 
River Ouse, Sussex. 

Trisanton, Trisantonis Portus : 
— Southampton. See Clau- 
sentum. 

Triuerium : — Truro, Cornwall. 

Trumense castrum : — Trim, 
Meath. 

Trutulensis Portus: — Probably 
an error for Rutupensis, or 
the Humber. 

Tuai JEstuarium : — Mouth of the 
Spey, Scotland. 

Tuama, Tuaima : — Tuam, Gal- 
way, Ireland. 

Tueda : — River Tweed. 

Tuemia : — Tuam, Galway. 

Tueoxbea, Tueaxnea : — Christ- 
church, Hants. 

Tuerobis Flu. : — River Teify. 

Tuesis : — River Tees, Berwick. 

Tuesis: — Beancastle, near Nairn, 
or Bellie, cos. Elgin and 
Banff. 

Tuessis : — Berwick-on-Tweed. 

Tuggahala : — Tughall, North- 
umberland. 

Tuhetmonia : — Thomond. 

Tuida, Tuidus : — River Tweed. 

Tulina : — Inchtuthill, on the 
River Tay, Scotland. 

Tunnocelum : — Bowness, or Car- 
dornock, Cumberland; Tyne- 
mouth, Northumberland. 

Turfeia : — Turvey, Bedfordshire. 

Turobius Flu.: — River Teify, 
Cardiganshire. 

Tutesbiria, Tuttebiria : — Tutbury, 
Staffordshire. 



Latin Names of Places. 



415 



Tweda, Tweodum : — River 
Tweed. 

Twomondia : — Thomond, Ire- 
land. 

Tybius : — River Teify, Cardigan- 
shire. 
Tyheilla :— Tickhill, Yorks. 



U. 

Ubbanforda : — Norham, North- 
umberland. 

Udice : — People about Cork. 

Uffintona : — Ufton, Berks. 

Ugrulentum : — A town north of 
the Wall of Antonine. 

Ugueste : — A town north of the 
Wall of Antonine. 

Ulidia : — The province of Ulster, 
Ireland. 

Ullerwuda : — Ollerton, Che- 
shire (?). 

Ulmetum : — Elmley, or Emley, 
Yorks ; North Elmham, 
Norfolk. 

Ultonia, Uluestera : — Ulster, Ire- 
land. 

Umalia : — Achad Fobhair, co. 
Mayo, Ireland. 

Umber : — River Humber. 

Undalium, Undola : — Oundle, 
Northants. 

Uniuallis. See Ureuallis. 

Urbs Legionum : — Chester. 

Ureuallis : — Jervaulx, Yorks. 

Urgalia : — Louth, Ireland. 



Uriconia : — Wrottesley , Stafford- 
shire. 

Uriconium. See Virioconium. 

Uriponium : — Ripon, Yorks. 

Urithlesia :— Wrexham, North 
Wales. 

Uriuallis : — Jervaulx, Yorks. 

Uroconium. See Virioconium. 

Urolanium. See Verolamium. 

Urosullum : — Wressell, Yorks. 

Urouicum : — York. 

Urus : — River Ure, or Yore, 
Yorks. 

Usa : — River Ouse. 

Usocona, Usoconna : — Sheriff 
Hales, Oaken Gates, Shrop- 
shire ; or Bednall, Stafford- 
shire. 

Uterni : — A tribe living in South 
Desmond. 

Utriconion. See Virioconium. 

Uxacona. See Usocona. 

Uxela : — Exeter, Bridgewater, 
or Lostwithiel. 

Uxelis : — Lostwithiel, or Laun- 
ceston, Cornwall. 

Uxelludamum: — Hexham, North- 
umberland. 

Uxelum : — Caerlaverock, or 
Wardlaw, Dumfriesshire. 

Uxena : — Crockherne Well, 
Devon. 

Uxinus Pons : — Uxbridge, Mid- 
dlesex. 

Uzela JEstuarium. See Vexala. 

Uzelium. See Uxelum. 

Uzella- See Uxela. 



416 



The Record Interpreter. 



V. 



Vacomagi: — People of Murray 
and Athol, Scotland. 

Vadum Bourn : — Oxford. 

Vadum Ceruinum : — Hertford. 

Vadum, Pulchrum : — Fairford, 
Gloucestershire. 

Vadum Rubrum : — Hertford. 

Vadum Salicis : — Wilford ; Wal- 
ford, Herefordshire (?). 

Vadum Saxi: — Stanford. 

Vaga Flu. : — River Wye, Here- 
fordshire. 

Vag'niacce, Vagniacum : — Maid- 
stone, Wrotham, Northfleet, 
or Strood, Kent. 

Valeia : — Whalley, Lancashire. 

Valentia : — Province of Britain 
between the Walls of Ha- 
drian and Antonine, i.e., the 
Forth and the Tyne ; or be- 
tween the Walls of Hadrian 
and Severus. 

Vallidena :— Saffron Walden, Es- 
sex; Walden, Lincolnshire. 

Vallis Anangia : — Annandale, 
Scotland. 

Vallis Aurea: — Golden Vale, 
Herefordshire. 

Vallis Crucis : — An abbey at Llan 
Egwestl or Egwast, Den- 
bighshire. 

Vallis Dei: — Vaudey, or Wal- 
den, Lincolnshire ; Kil- 
lenny, co. Kilkenny. 

Vallis Doloris : — Wedale, Scot- 
land. 

Vallis Longa : — Combehire, or 
Cunihil, Radnorshire. 



Vallis Lucis : — Glenluce, Gallo- 
way, Scotland. 

Vallis Regalis : — Vale Royal, 
Cheshire. 

Vallis Salutis: — Baltinglass, co. 
Wicklow. 

Vallis S. Andrece : — Pluscardin, 
Moray. 

Vallis S. Marice in Snaudonia :— 
Beddgelert, Caernarvon- 
shire. 

Vallis Virtutis : — Charterhouse 
at Perth. 

Vallum :— The Picts' Wall. See 
Hadriani Murus. 

Valteris. See Verterce. 

Vanatinga : — Wantage, Berks. 

Vandalis Flu. : — River Wandle, 
Surrey. 

Vandelbiria : — Vandlebury, or 
Wandlesborough, a hill 
near Cambridge. 

Vanduaria : — Paisley. 

Vara Flu. : — Murray Firth. 

Varce Castrum : — Dunbar. 

Varia Flu. : — River Frome, Dor- 
set. 

Varing ionium : — Warrington, 
Lancashire. 

Varis : — Bodvari, Flintshire ; 
Llanfair, Denbighshire. 

Varuicum : — Warwick. 

Vecta, Vectesis : — Isle of Wight. 

Vectis Insula : — Whitehorn 
Island, Galloway ; Isle 
of Wight. 

Vecturiones : — Picts. 

Vedra, Vedrus : — River Wear, 
Durham, or the Tyne. 

Velabri : — People of Munster. 



Latin Names of Places. 



417 



Velox Flu. : — River Ivel, Somer- 
set. 

Velunia : — A town in Scotland. 

Veluntium : — Arless, Queen's 
Co., Ireland. 

Venantodunia : — Huntingdon- 
shire. 

Venantodunum, Venatorum 
Mons : — Huntingdon. 

Venedotia : — Gwynedd, North 
Wales. 

Veneris. See Verteroe. 

Venicnium, Vennicuium: — Ram's 
Head, or Horn Head, Done- 
gal. 

Venicontes : — People in Fife. 

Vennicnii : — People of Tyrcon- 
nel, Ireland. 

Venonce, Vennones: — Claybrooke, 
near Bensford Bridge, 
Leicestershire ; or Southam, 
Warwickshire. 

Venta Belgarum : — Winchester 
or Havant, Hants. 

Venta Icenorum, Simenorum, 
Cenomum : — Caistor or Nor- 
wich, Norfolk. 

Venta Silurum : — Caer-went, 
Monmouthshire. 

Ventanum : — Winchester. 

Ventolacensis: — Of Wensleydale, 
Yorks. 

Ventusfrigetmare : — Winchelsea, 

Sussex. 

Ventus Morbidus : — Windsor, 

Berks. 
Venutio : — The same as Banatia. 

Veratinum : — Cressage, Shrop- 
shire ; Warrington ; or the 
same as Verometum. 

M. 



Verbeia : — River Wharfe, Yorks. 

VergiuiuSy Verginius Oceanus : — 
The sea to the south of 
Ireland. 

Verlucio : — Warminster, Leck- 
ham, Spy Park, or Sandy 
Lane, Wilts. 

Vernalis: — A town in Cornwall 
or Devon. 

Vernemetum. See Verometum. 

Vernicones : — The Picts. 

Verolamium: — Verulam, now St. 
Albans, Herts. 

Verometum: — Burrow Hill, or 
Cosby, Leicestershire ; or 
Willoughby, Notts. 

Veromum : — A town north of the 
Forth. 

Verouicum : — Warwick. 

Verregraua : — Wargrave, Berks. 

Verterce, Verteris : — Brough- 
upon - Stainmore, West- 
moreland ; Watgarth, Dur- 
ham ; or Bowes, Yorks. 

Verteuia : — A town in Cornwall 
or Devon. 

Vertis : — Bourton-on-the- Water, 
Gloucestershire (?). 

Veruedrum Promontorium : — 
Strathy, or Duncansby 
Head, Scotland. 

Veruicum : — Warwick. 

Verulamium : — Verulam, or St. 
Albans, Herts. 

Verus : — River Wear, Durham. 

Veruuium. See Berubium. 

Vetadunum : — Watton, Yorks. 

Veteleganus Pons : — Wheatley 
Bridge, near Oxford. 
E E 



418 



The Record Interpreter. 



Vetilingiana Via : — Watling St. 

Vetta Insula : — Isle of Wight. 

Veins Burgus: — Elvet, Durham; 
Aldborough, Yorks. 

Vetus Piscaria : — Old Fish St., 
London. 

Vexala, Uzela JEstuarium: — The 
mouth of the Yeo or Ivel, or 
of the Brent, Somerset. 

Vexfordia : — "Wexford, Ireland. 

Via Caua : — Hollo way, Middle- 
sex. 

Via Noua : — Monaster o Gormo- 
gan, co. Clare. 

Vicanum : — Etchingham, Sussex. 

Viconia. See Vinnouium. 

Victesis : — Isle of Wight. 

Victoria : — Wigton ; Abernethy, 
Perthshire ; Inchkeith ; or 
Dealgin Eos, Strathern. 

Victuarii, Vectuarii : — Men of 
the Isle of Wight. 

Vicumba : — Wycombe, Bucks. 

Vicus Albanus, Malbus, or MaU 
banus : — Nantwich, Che- 
shire. 

Vicus Orientalis : — Eastwick, 
Herts. 

Vicus Saxeus : — Staindrop, or 
Stainthorp, Durham. 

Vidogara, Vidotara, JEstuarium : 
— Mouth of the River Ayr 
or River Irvine, Ayrshire. 

Vidua : — River Crodagh, Done- 
gal. 
Vieruedrum : — See Veruedrum. 

Vigornia : — Worcester. 

Villa Albani: — St. Albans. 

Villa de Cruce Roesice : — Royston, 
Herts. 



Villa de S. Johanne : — Perth. 

Villa Faustini : — Dunmow, 
Woolpit, Bury St. Edmunds, 
or Orford in Suffolk. 

Villa Noua : — Newnham, Herts ; 
Newtownards, co. Down. 

Villa NoviCastri super Tinam: — 
Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

Villa Regia : — Kingston-upon- 
Hull ; St. Edmundsbury, 
Suffolk. 

Vilsedonum : — Willesden, where 
there was a celebrated image 
of the Virgin Mary. 

Vilugiana Provincia : — Wilt- 
shire. 

Vimutium : — Weymouth, Dorset 

Vinchelsega : — Winchelsea, Sus- 
sex. 

Vindagora : — Windsor. 

Vindediuii : — Drogheda, Ireland. 

Vindelis : — Winchelsea. 

Vindelisora : — Windsor, Berks. 

Vindelocomum : — Winchcombe, 
Gloucestershire. 

Vinderius : — Bay of Carrick- 
fergus, or Loch Strangford. 

Vindesorium : — Windsor. 

Vindobala : — Rutchester, or Rou- 
chester, Northumberland. 

Vindocladia, Vindogladia : — 
Cranbourne, Wimborne, or 
Blandf ord, Dorset ; or Alum 
Bay, Isle of Wight. 

Vindolana, Vindolanda : — Little 
Chesters, or Chesterholm, in 
Northumberland. 

Vindomora : — Ebchester, Dur- 
ham ; Dod's End, Northum- 
berland ; or Killhope Cross, 
Durham, 



Latin Names of Places. 



419 



Vindomus, Vindonum : — Silches- 
ter ; Farnham ; near Whit- 
church ; or Winchester. 

Vindouala. See Vindobala. 

Vindugladia. See Vindocladia. 

Vinduglessus : — Biver Gaunless, 
Durham. 

Vinetria : — The Vintry, London. 

Vinnouium. Vinouia : — Binches- 
ter, or Egglestone, Durham. 

Virdogladia. See Vindocladia. 

Virecinum, Virecium. See Virio- 
conium. 

Viride Lignum : — Newry, Ire- 
land. 

Viridis Sinus : — Greenwich. 

Viridis Stagni Monasterium : — 
Soulseat, Galloway. 

Virioconium, Viroconium : — 
Wroxeter, Shropshire; or 
Stone, Staffordshire. 

Virolamium. See Verolamium. 

Virosidum : — EUenborough, Old 
Carlisle, or Workington, 
Cumberland. 

Viruedrum. See Veruedrum. 

Visimonasterium : — Westminster. 

Visi-Saxones : — West Saxons. 

Vitrea Insula : — Glastonbury. 

Vituli Insula : — Selsey, Sussex. 

Viurus : — River Wear. 

Viuidin : — River Fowey, Corn- 
wall. 

Vodiee : — People about Cork. 

Volantium. See Olenacum. 

Voldia : — Cotswold, Gloucester- 
shire. 

Voliba. See Voluba. 



Volitanium : — Probably on the 
Wall of Antonine. 

Volsas Sinus : — Loch Broom, 
Ross-shire, or Loch Assynt. 

Voluba : — Lostwithiel, Tregony, 
Falmouth, Bodmin, or 
Grampound, Cornwall. 

Volucrum Domus : — Fulham, 
Middlesex. 

Voluntii : — People of Ulster, 
Ireland. 

Voluntium : — Ardglass, Down, 
Ireland. 

Volurtion. See Borcouicum. 

Voluicum : — Woolwich. 

Voran : — Caervoran, Northum- 
berland, or Warran, Forfar. 

Voreda : — Old Penrith, Plump- 
ton Wall, or Kirk Oswald, 
Cumberland ; or Whelp 
Castle, Westmoreland. 

Vosargia : — Herm Island in the 
Channel. 

Vusa : — River Ouse. 



W. 

Wabruna : — Weybourne, Nor- 
folk. 

Wachefelda : — Wakefield, Yorks. 

Wag a, Waia : — River Wye ; 
River Wey. 

Wakefeldia : — Wakefield, Yorks. 

Walalega : — Whalley, Lanca- 
shire. 

Walani : — Welshmen. 

Waldena : — Saffron Walden, 
Essex. 

E E 2 



420 



The Record Interpreter. 



Waldintona : — Waldington, 

Yorks. 
Walensis : — A Welshman. 

Walia : — Wales. 

Walingforda :— Wallingford, 
Berks. 

Walkenesteda : — Godstone, 
Surrey. 

Walla Londoniamm : — London 
Wall. 

Waliscus, Wallanus: — A Welsh- 
man. 

Wallia : — Wales. 

Walonicus : — Welsh. 

Waltifordia : — Waterford, 

Ireland. 
Wanlokensis : — Of Wenlock, 

Shropshire. 

Wanneforda : — Wangford, Suf- 
folk. 
Wara :— Ware, Herts. 

Warengeforda : — Wallingford, 

Berks. 
Warewella : — Wherwell, Hants. 

Warle Septem Molarum : — War- 
ley, Essex. 
Warsopa : — Worksop, Notts. 

Waruicus : — Warwick. 

Wasfordia : — Wexford, Ireland. 

Watafordia : — Waterford, Ire- 
land. 
Watelega : — Wheatley. 

Waterfordia : — Waterford, Ire- 
land. 

W atria : — Wavertree, Lanca- 
shire. 

Wauerlega : — Waverley, Hants. 

Waya : — Eiver Wye ; E. Wey. 

Wdestochia, Wdestoka : — Wood- 
Stock, Oxfordshire, 



Weableia : — Weobley, Hereford- 
shire. 

Weda : — Eiver Tweed. 

Welandus : — Welland Eiver, 
Northants. 

Welcornestowa : — Walthamstow, 

Essex. 

Wella, Wellies: — Wells, Somer- 
set. 

Wendoura : — Wendover, Bueks. 

Wennescoita : — Coedowen, 
Brecon. 

Wenta : — Winchester. See also 
Winta. 

Wenti : — People of Monmouth. 

Wera : — Weare, Somerset. 

Werkewurda : — Warkworth, 
Northumberland. 

Werregraua : — Wargrave, Berks. 

Werreministra : — Warminster, 
Wilts. 

Wertemora : — Stainmore, West- 
moreland. 

Werwella : — Wherwell, Hants. 

Wese/ordia : — Wexford. 

Weskus : — Esk Eiver, Yorks. 

Wessefordia : — Wexford, Ire- 
land. 

Westberia : — Westbury. 

Westmaria : — Westmoreland. 

Westmonasterium : — West- 
minster. 

Westmoria, Westmorlandia : — 
Westmoreland . 

Westmulna: — Westmill, Herts. 

West- Walani : — Cornish men. 

Wetha:— Isle of Wight. See 
Vecta. 



Latin Names of Places. 



421 



Weuerus : — River Wever, 
Cheshire. 

IVeam : — Wem, Shropshire. 

Wherfus: — River Wharf e,Yorks. 

Wheta :— Isle of Wight. 

Wiableia : — Weobley, Hereford- 
shire. 

Wibigginum :— Wigan, Lanca- 
shire. 

Wiburti Villa : — Wiveton, Nor- 
folk. 

Wiccia : — Worcestershire. 

Wiccii: — People living in Wor- 
cestershire. 

Wichcombia: — Wycombe, Bucks. 

Wichia : — Droit wich. 

Wichium : — North wich, Cheshire. 

Wichum : — Wick, Gloucester- 
shire. 

Wictona : — Witton, Durham. 

Wicumba : — Wycombe, Bucks. 

Wicus. See Vicus. 

Wienornis : — Wimborne, Dorset. 

Wigornia : — Worcester. 

Wika Hamonis : — Wyke Hamon, 

Northants. 
Wilda Sussexice : — The Weald of 

Sussex. 

Willensis :— Of Wells. 

Wilsates : — Inhabitants of Wilts. 

Wiltenses : — Inhabitants of 
Wilts. 

Wiltesciria : — Wiltshire. 

Wiltonia :— Wilton ; Wilts. 

Wimundhamia : — Wymondham, 
Norfolk. 

Winburna : — Wimborne, Dorset. 



Wincelcumba : — Winchcombe, 

Gloucestershire. 
Winces tria : — Winchester. 
WincheJcumba : — Winchcombe. 
Winchelsega : — Winchelsea. 

Windesorn, Windleshora, Wind- 
resora : — Windsor, Berks. 

Winta : — Gwent, a province in S. 
Wales, between Usk and 

Wye. 

Winternia : — Whithern, Wigton- 

shire, Scotland. 
Wintoniu : — Winchester. 
Wira : — R. Wear, Durham. 

Wiramutha : — Wearmouth, 
Durham. 

Wirecestrescira : — Worcester- 
shire. 

Wirecestria : — Worcester. 

Wiremunda : — Wearmouth, 
Durham. 

Wirus : — River Wear, Durham. 
Wistendena : — Withdean, Sussex . 
Witebia : — Whitby, Yorks. 
Witerna, Witernia : — Whithern, 
Wigtonshire. 

Witlesia : — Whittlesey, Cam- 
bridgeshire. 

Witteneia : — Witney, Oxon. 

Witternensis : — Of Whithern, 
Wigtonshire. 

Wluestera : — Ulster. 

Wodnesberia : — Wednesbury, 
Staffordshire. 

Wodneslega : — Wendesley or 
Wensley, Derbyshire. 

Wotha :— Isle of Wight. 



422 



The Record Interpreter, 



WreTcus : — River Wreke, Leices- 
tershire. 

Wudestocha : — Woodstock, Oxon. 

Wulfrunehantona : — Wolver- 
hampton, Staffordshire. 

Wychium : — Northwich, Ches- 
hire. 



Y. 



Yar tents : — River Yare, Nor- 
folk. 

Yarmuthia : — Yarmouth, Nor- 
folk. 

Yarum : — Yarm, Yorkshire. 



Yeogerieceastria : — Worcester. 

Yetzhamsteda : — Easthampstead, 
Berks. 

Ylvernis : — Inverness, Scotland. 

Ymiliacum : — Emly, Tipperary. 

Ypocessa: — Lower Stanton (?), 
Herefordshire. 

Ysteleswurda : — Isleworth, Mid- 
dlesex. 

Yuelcestria : — Ilchester, Somer- 
set. 

Yxninga : — Exning, Suffolk. 



Z. 



Zeviota: — The Cheviots. 



Latin Names of Bishoprics in England. 



423 



LATIN NAMES 



OF THE 



BISHOPRICS IN ENGLAND. 



Asaphensis, Assauensis : — St. 
Asaph's. 

Bagarensis, Bangorensis, Ban- 
nochorensis : — Bangor. 

Bathoniensis, or Bathoniensis et 
Wellensis : — Bath and Wells . 

Bristoliensis : — Bristol. 

de Bur go Sancti Petri: — Peter- 
borough. 

Cantuariensis : — Canterbury 
(Archbishopric). 

Carleolensis : — Carlisle. 

Cestrensis : — Chester. 

Cicestrensis : — Chichester. 

Couentrensis : — Coventry and 
Lichfield. 

Dunelmensis : — Durham. 

Eboracensis, Eburacensis : — York 
(Archbishopric). 

Eliensis : — Ely. 

Exoniensis : — Exeter. 

Glocestrensis : — Gloucester. 

Heliensis : — Ely. 



Here/or densis, Herfordiensis : — 
Hereford. 

Landavensis : — Llandaff. 

Lich/eldensis : — Coventry and 
Lichfield. 

Lincolniensis : — Lincoln. 

Londtniensis, Lundoniensis : — 
London. 

Meneuensis : — St. David's. 

Noruicensis, Norwicensis : — Nor- 
wich. 

Oxoniensis : — Oxford. 

Pangorensis : — Bangor. 

Petriburgensis : — Peterborough. 

Roffensis. Rouecestrensis : — 
Rochester. 

Sarisburiensis, Sa$ : — Salisbury. 

Sodorensis : — Sodor and Man. 

Vigorniensis : — Worcester. 

Westmonasteriensis : — West- 
minster. 

Wigorniensis : — Worcester. 

Wintoniensis : — Winchester. 



424 



The Record Interpreter. 



BISHOPRICS IN SCOTLAND. 



Aberdeiensis, Aberdonensis : — 
Aberdeen. 

Archadite, Argadice : — Argyle. 

Argathelice, Argeuelensis : — 
Argyle. 

Berechinensis, Brechynensis, 
BriJcanensis : — Brechin. 

Caledoniensis : — Dunkeld. 

Candida Casce : — Whithern, 
Galloway. 

Catenensis, Cathanensis : — Caith- 
ness. 

Cella Reguli: — St. Andrew's. 

Dubleinensis, Dumblanensis, Dun- 
bliuensis : — Dunblane. 

Dunkeldensis : — Dunkeld. 

ASbudce :— The Isles. 

Edenburgensis : — Edinburgh. 

Ergadiensis, Ergaliensis : — 
Argyle. 

Galeweiensisy Gallouidiensis : — 
Galloway. 



Galueia, Candida Casa de : — 
Galloway. 

Glascuensis, Glasguensis: — Glas- 
gow (Archbishopric). 

Hebudensis : — The Isles, or 
Sodor. 

Lismorensis : — Lismore. 

MannicB et Insularum : — The 
Isles. 

Morafensis, Morauiensis, Mure- 
uensis : — Moray. 

Murthlaci : — Mortlach. 

Orcadiensis, Orchadensis : — 
Orkney. 

Rosmarkiensis : — Ross. 

Rossensis : — Ross. 

S. Andrece, Sanctandreanus : — St. 
Andrews (Archbishopric). 

Sodor ensis : — The Isles, or Sodor. 

Wiiternensis : — Whitherne, 
Whithorn. 



Bishoprics in Ireland. 



425 



BISHOPRICS IN IRELAND.* 



Acadensis, Achadensis : — 
Achonry. 

Achadiensis, Achatensis : — Ag- 
hadoe. 

Achathkonrensis : — Achonry. 

JElfinensis : — Elphin. 

Airthermuighensis : — Annoy. 

Akadensis : — Achonry. 

Alachdensis, Aladensis : — Kil- 
lala. 

Alfinensis : — Elphin. 

Anachdunensis : — Annaghdown. 

Aondruimensis : — Nendrum. 

Aras-Celtair : — Down. 

Archfordensts : — Ardfert. 

Archmorensis : — Ardmore. 

Arcmacensis : — Armagh (Arch- 
bishopric). 

Arcmorensis : — Ardmore. 

Ardacensis, Ardachadensis, Arda - 
hachtmsis : — Ardagh. 

Ardartensis : — Ardfert. 

Ardbrekensis : — Ardbracchan, 
Meath. 

Ardcarnia : — Ardcarne, 

Ardecadensis : — Ardagh. 

Ardefertensis : — Ardfert. 

Ardmacanus : — Armagh. 



Ardmorensis : — Ardmore. 

Ardsrathensis : — Ardstraw, Ar- 
drath. 

Armacanus, Armakensis : — Ar- 
magh (Archbishopric). 

Arth/erdensis, Artfertensis : — 
Ardfert. 

Artmorensis : — Ardmore. 

Athrumensis : — Trim. 

Aunensis : — Awn. 



Baltifordia, BatiJfordia : — Wa- 
terford. 

Bangor ensis : — Bangor. 

Bistagniensis : — Glendelough. 

Brefiniensis : — Brefiny, or Kil- 
more. 



Campulus Boris : — Aghavoe, or 
Achadboe, in Ossory. 

Canic : — Kilkenny. 

Carkagensis : — Cork. 

Cashelensis : — Cashel, Munster ; 
Cassiol Irra, Connaught. 

Casselensis, Cassiliensis : — 
Cashel, Munster (Arch- 
bishopric). 



* Many bishoprics in Ireland were consolidated with others, or became 
extinct, the cathedrals becoming mere parish churches, as early as the 
12th and 13th centuries. 



426 



The Record Interpreter. 



Cellaiaro : — Cellaiar, in the pro- 
vince of Tuam. 
Cellumabrath : — Kilfenoragh. 

Cenanus, Cenenensis : — Kells. 

Charensis : — Derry. 

Chienfernensis : — Clonfert (?). 

Chonderensis : — Connor. 

Cinana: — Error for Cluana. See 
Cluainensis. 

Clochorensis, Clogharensis : — 
Clogher. 

Clonardensis : — Clonard, Meath. 

Clonensis : — Cloyne, co. Cork. 

Clonfertensis : — Clonfert. 

Cluainensis, Cluanensis : — Clon- 
macnois, or Seven Churches, 
King's County. 

Cluanumensis : — Cloyne. 
Cluanuama : — Cloyne. 
Cluenerardensis : — Clonard. 
Coigners : — Connor. 
Conactensis : — Connaught. 

Conamy : — Cinani, or Clonmac- 
nois. 

Conga : — Cong. 

Conner ensis, Conorensis : — Con- 
nor. 

Corcagiensis, Corcensis : — Cork. 

Corcumrothensis : — Corcumroe, 
afterwards at Kilfenora. 

Cuilectrannensis . — Culfeightrin. 

Cuilrathensis : — Coleraine. 



Dalnliguirensis, Damhliagemis : 
— Duleek. 

Dar ensis : — Kildare. 



Dearrhiensis, Der ensis : — Derry. 

Diuilensis : — Dublin (Arch- 
bishopric). 

Domnachmor : — Donoghmore. 

Donnaclsacheling : — Dunshaugh- 
lin, Meath. 

Doufie : — Down, or Dundaleth- 
glas. 

Droncliuensis : — Drumclive. 

Drumorensis : — Dromore. 

Drunimorensis : — Dromore. 

Duacum, Duatum : — Kilmac- 
duagh, Galway. 

Dublinensis : — Dublin (Arch- 
bishopric). 

Dulicensis : — Duleek, Meath. 

Dundalcensis : — Dundalk. 

Dundalethglas, Dunensis : — 
Down. 

Dunkerr ensis : — South Kerry, 
i.e., Ardfert. 



Edumabragh : — Kilfenoragh . 

Elnamirand : — Error for Clnan- 
ardy or Clonard. 

Elphinensis : — Elphin. 

Emiliensis : — Emly. 

Enachdun ensis : — Annaghdown, 
or Enaghdune. 

Ennabr ensis : — Error for Fen- 
nabr ensis, Kilfenoragh (?). 

Ergallia : — Clogher. 

Eripolensis : — Jerpont. 



Favoria: — Fore, Meath. 
Fernensis : — Ferns. 



Bishoprics in Ireland. 



427 



Finnabrensis : — Fenabore, or 
Kilfenoragh. 

Furensis : — Fore, Foure. 

Fynnaborensis : — Fenabore, or 
Kilfenoragh. 

Gathay, Insula de : — Inniscathay, 
or Inniscattery. 

Glandelacensis : — Glendelough, 
or Glendalach. 

Hymlacensis : — Imelaco-Ibhair, 
or Emly. 

Iarmuanensis : — Of West Mini- 
ster. 

Imelacensis : — Imelaca-Ibair, 
Emly. 

Inmelettensis : — Emly. 

Iniscathrensis : — Inis-scattery. 

Kenanusensis, Kenlis : — Kells, 
Meath. 

Kildabewensis : — Error for Kill- 
dalua (?). 

Kendaluam : — Killaloe. 

Kildarensis : — Kildare. 

Kildareuensis : — Killaloe (?). 

Kildelo : — Killaloe. 

Kilfenorensis : — Kilfenoragh. 

Kilkenensii : — Kilkenny. 

Kill-Aladhy Killaleth : — Killala, 
co. Mayo. 

Killdalua : — Killaloe. 

Killmunduach : — Kilmacduagh, 
or Kilmacough. 

Killruaidhensis : — Kilroot. 

Kilmorensis: — Kilmore, Kilmore 
Moy. 



Kyenfernensis : — Clonfert (?). 
Kynlathensis : — Killala. 
Kyry : — Kerry. 

Ladensis :— Killala, co. Mayo. 

Laginiensis : — Leinster. 

Laonacensis : — Killaloe. 

Laoniensis : — Killaloe. 

Leclinensis, Leghelensis, Legh- 
glensis : — Leighlin. 

Lessemore : — Lismore. 

Lethlegensis : — Leighlin. 

Limricensis : — Limerick. 

Lismorensis : — Lismore. 

Lugdunensis : — Louth, united to 
Clogher. 

Lugundunensis : — Louth. 

Lumbricensis, Lumniacensis, 
Lumpniacensis : — Limerick. 

de Mageo, Maigonensis : — Mayo. 

Maghbilensis : — Moville, co. 
Down. 

Medensis : — Meath. 

Melicensis : — Emly. 

Middensis, Midiensis : — Meath. 

Ofiachramuy : — afterwards at 
Killala. 

Omanensis : — Omaine, Clonfert. 

Osseriensis : — Ossory. 



Rapotensis, Rathbocensis, Rathbo- 
tensis : — Raphoe. 

Rathasithensis : — Hashee. 



428 



The Record Interpreter. 



Rathaspicensis : — Ratheaspuic- 
innic. 

Rathbothensis : — Raphoe. 

Rathlucensis, Rathlurensis : — 
Rathluraigh. 

Rathmurbhulgensis : — Rathmur- 
bholg. 

Rechrannensis : — Rathlin. 

Rosalither: — Rosscarbery, united 
to Cork. 

Roscomon : — Roscommon. 

Roscreensis : — Roscrea. 

Rosensis : — Ross. 

Rossiensis : — Roscrea. 

Ruscomia : — Roscommon. 



Saigerensis : — Saiger, Seirkeran, 
translated to Aghavoe, in 
Ossory. 

Skrynensis : — Skreene. 

Slanensis : — Slane, Meath. 



Tarensis, Tharensis : — Derry. 

Thuenensis : — Down. 

Ttghbonensis : — Tighbohin. 

Tiramalgaid : — Tirawley. 

Triburnensis : — Another name 
for the See of Brefiny, or 
Kilmore. 

Trimensis : — Trim, Meath. 

Tuaimensis, Tuenensis : — Tuam 
(Archbishopric). 

Tullagensis : — Tulach. 

Tume : — Tuam. 

Ulagensis : — Down. 

Umalia : — Achadfobhair, Mayo. 

Wasefordensis : — Wexford. 
Waterfordensis : — Waterford. 
Wexfordensis : — Wexford. 

Ymlagh : — Emly. 



LATIN FORMS OF ENGLISH SURNAMES. 



A. 


Alesius : — Alane. 


Aba : — Abbott. 


de Alneto : — Dawnay, Dannay, 
Dennett. 


de Abbacia : — Abbess, Dabbs. 


de Alno : — Daunay. 


de Abbaneio : — Abney. 


Alselinus : — Ansell, Ancell. 


Abbas : — Abbott. 


de Alta Ripa : — de Hauterive, 


de Abrincis : — D'Avranches. 


Dawtrey, Daltry, Hawtrey. 


Acutus : — Hawkwood. 


de Alta Riva. See de Alta Ripa. 


de Adurni Portu : — Etherington. 


de Alta Villa : — De Hauteville. 


de Agnellis : — Agnew, Dagnall. 


de Alto Menillo : — de Haut- 


de Agnis : — Aignes, Ains. 


mesnil. 


de Aillio : — D'Aile, Alley. 


de Amblia : — De Amblie. 


Ala Campi : — Wingfield. 

de Alba Mara, de Alba Maria : — 


Hamley. 
Anastasius : — Anstis. 


Albemarle, Aumarle. 


de Ancariis : — Dancer. 


de Albeneio : — D'Aubeney, Albi- 


de Andeuilla : — Han well. 


ney, Albeney. 

Albericus, Albrea, Albrceus : — 
Awbrey. 

de Albineio, Albiniaco : — D'Aube- 


Anglicus : — Inglis, England. 
de Angiitis : — Angell. 


de Angulo : — del Angle, atte 


ney, Albiney, Dolben. 
de Albo Monasterio : — Blanc- 


Uornere. 
in Angulo : — atte Noke. 


muster, Whitchurch. 


de Ansa : — Daunce. 


Albus : — White. 


de Apibus : — Bee, Bye (?). 


de Aldedelega : — Audley. 


Apotecarius : — Lespicer, Spicer. 


de Aldithelega, Alditheleia : — 


Apparitor : — Sumner. 


Audley. 


de Aqua Blanca : — Egeblaunch, 


Alec : — Herring. 


Aygueblanche. 


de Alemania : — Dalmaine. 


de Aqua Frisca : — Freshwater. 


Alemannicus : — All man. 


I Aquapontanus : — Bridgwater. 



430 



The Record Interpreter. 



de Aquila : — Eagle, D'Eagles, 
Diggles. 

Arbalistarius : — Arblaster, Ala- 
baster. 

Archidiaconus : — Archdeacon, 
Arcedeckne. 

de Archis, Arcis : — D'Arques, 
Arch, Dark. 

de Arcla : — Harcla, Argles. 

Arcuarius : — Archer, Larcher. 

de Arcubus : — de Arches, Bowes. 

de Arenis : — Darens, Darayns, 
Sandes. 

de Argentomo : — Argentoune. 

de Arida Villa : — Dryton, 
Dry den. 

de Ariete : — Herriott. 

Armiger : — Arminger. 

de Armis : — Harms, Armes. 

Arundelius : — Arnndel. 

Ascelinus : — Ansell, Ancell. 

Asculphus: — Ayscough, Askew. 

de Asneriis : — Daniers, Denyer. 

de A trio : — Hall. 

de Aubemara : — Albemarle. 

Aubericus : — Awbrey. 

de Auca, de Auco : — Owe. 

de Augo : — D'Eu, Auge, Agg, 

Dagg. 
Augustinus : — Austin, Hotine. 

de Aula : — Hall. See de Haula. 

ad Aulam : — atte Halle, Hall. 

Auonius : — Of Northampton. 

de Aurea Valle : — Dorival, 
Dorvell, Darvall. 

de Aureis Testiculis : — Orescuilz. 

de Aureo Vado : — Goldford or 
Guldeford. 



Aurifaber : — Orfeur, an ancient 
name in Cumberland. 

de Aurilla : — Overall. 

de Autrico : — d'Auxerre, Oxier. 

de Aynecuria : — Daincourt, 
Deyncourt. 



B. 

de Ba, Baa : — Baugh. 

Bacchus : — Backhouse. 

de Bada : — Bath. 

de Baha. See de Ba. 

de Bailolio : — Baliol. 

de Bajocis : — de Bayeux, Bews, 
Baines. 

de Ballio : — Bailey. 

cum Barba: — Witheberd, Beard. 

Barbatus : — Barbet, Barbey. 

Bardulfus : — Bardolph. 

de Barra : — de la Barre, de 
Barre. 

Barrarius : — Le Barrer, Le 
Barrier. 

de Batonia : — Bath. 

de Baudribosco : — Boldrewood. 

de Beeuilla : — Beville, Beavill. 

de Belesmo : — de Belesme. 

de Bella Aqua : — de Bealeawe, 
Bellew. 

de Bella Camera : — Belchambers. 

de Bella Fago : — de Bealfo, Beau- 
foe, Belfou. 

de Bella Fide :-r-Beaufoy. 

de Bella Villa : — Belville. 



Latin Forms of English Surnames. 



431 



de Bello Alneto : — Bellany. 

de Bello Campo : — de Belcamp, 
Beauchamp. 

de Bello Capite : — Beauchief. 

de Bello Foco : — Beaufeu. 

de Bello Loco : — Beaulieu, Bew- 
ley, Bowley. 

de Bello Manso : — Beaumains, 
Beaumeis. 

de Bello Marisco : — Beaumarsh. 

de Bello Monte : — Beaumont. 

de Bello Portu : — de Baupere. 

de Bello Praio : — de Beaupre. 

de Bello Situ : — Bellasis. 

de Bello Vero : — de Beuvar, 
Beauver. 

de Bello Vis to : — Belvoir. 

de Bello Visit : — de Beauvise, 
Bevers. 

Benedictus : — Bennett. 
de Bene/actis : — Benfield. 
de Beneuolis : — Benlows. 
Bercarius: — Le Bercher, Barker. 
Bercator : — Barker. 
Berengarius : — Barringer. 
de Bereuilla : — de Berville, Bur- 
field, Berewell. 
de Berneriis : — Berners. 
de Beuerlaco : — Beverley. 
Bituricensis : — de Bourges. 
de Blanco Pane : — Whitbread. 
de Blauia : — de Blaye. 
de Blithoduno : — Blyton. 

de Blosseuilla, Blosteuilla : — 

Blovile, Blofield. 
de Bloys : — Blew, Bligh. 



de Blundeuilla : — Blundeville, 
Blomfield. 

Blundus : — Le Blond, Blundel, 
Blount. In the case of a 
lady, the feminine Blunda 
is used. 

de Boceo : — de Bocy. 

de Boeuilla : — Bovill. 

de Bologna : — Bullen. 

de Bona Villa : — Bonville. 

de Bono Passat o : — Goodrick. 

Bononius : — Boleyn. 

de Boonia : — de Bohun. 

de Borgeis : — Burges. 

Borlasius : — Borlace. 

de Bortano : — Burton. 

de Bosco : — Boys, Boyce, Busk, 
Wood. 

de Bosco Arso : — Brentwood. 

de Bosco Roardi : — Borhard. 

de Boseuilla : — Bos well. 

de Botellis : — Butler. 

de Boterellis : — Botreaux, Bot- 
trel. 

de Boularia : — de Boilers, Buller. 

de Bonis Villa : — Bovill. 

de Braiosa : — de Braose, Brewis, 
Brewhouse. 

Brito : — Le BTetun. 

de Broilleio : — de Bruilly, Briley. 

de Brueria : — Bryer, Briewer, 
Brewer. 

Brunelli : — Burn ell. 

Brunus : — Le Brun, Brown. 

de Bucca : — Buck. 

de Bucca Uncta : — de Bouchaine, 
Buccointe, Budgen. 



482 



The Record Interpreter. 



de Bucis : — de Buces, Bouche, 
Bush. 

Budellus : — de Buelles, Boyle. 

de Buesuilla : — Bouville, Bous- 
ville, Boseville, Bousfield. 

de Bulemara : — Buhner. 

de Buliaco : — Buisly, Builly. 

de Bur co : — de Burgh. 

Burgensis : — B urges. 

de Buryo : — de Burgh, Burke, 
Bourke. 

de Bur go Charo : — Bourchier. 

Burgundiensis : — de Bourgogne, 
Bourgoyne, Burgon. 

de Burnauilla :— Bernwell, Barn- 
well. 

de Bur tana : — Burton. 

de Bussa Villa : — de Boseville, 
Beuzeville, Boscherville. 



C. 



de Cabanisio : — de Chalbeneys. 

de Cadomo : — de Caen, Caine. 

de Cadurcis : — de Chaorces, 
Cha. worth. 

Ceecilius : — Cecil. 

de Cahagnis, Cahannis :— Keynes, 
Keine, Cain. 

de Caine to, Cainneto: — de Ques- 
nay, Chainei, Keynes (?), 
Cheyne. 

de Caisneto. See de Caineto. 

Calcearius : — Le Chaucier, 
Chaucer. 

Calixtus : — Killick. 



de Calleio : — de Cailly, Cay ley. 

Caluinus : — Caffyn, Chaffyn. 

de Caluo Monte : — Chaumond. 

CaJuus : — Baud, Bald, Cafe, 
Calf, Calver, Callow. 

de Camera > — Chambers. 

de Cameraco : — Gomerv. 

Camerarius : — Chamberlayne. 

de Campania : — de Champaigne, 
Champneys. 

Camparnulphus, de Campo Ar- 
nulphi : — Champernoun. 

de Campis : — Descamps, Kemp. 

de Campo Auene : — Campda- 
veine* Otfield. 

de Campo Bello : — Campbell. 

de Campo Florido, Florum : — 

Champfleur. 

de Camuilla : — Camvil. 

de Canceio : — Chauncey. 

de Cancellis : — Chaunceus. 

de Caneto : — Cheney. 

de Caniueto : — Knevitt, Knyvett. 

Canonicus : — Le Chanoin, Can- 
non. 

de Cantilupo : — de Cantelou, 
Cauntelow, Cantlow, or 
Cantello. 

Cantor : — Le Chaunter, Singer. 

de Canuilla : — Camville. 

de Capella : — Capel. 

Capellanus : — Caplin, Chaplin. 

de Capis : — de Chappes, Cope, 

Capes. 
Capito : — Grostete, Grosse Teste, 

Grosthead, Grouthead. 

Capra : — Chevre, 



Latin Forms of English Surnames. 



433 



de Capra : — de la Chievre, 
Cheevers, Chivers. 

de Capreolo : — Hoebuck. 

de Capreolocuria, de Capricu- 
ria : — Chevereourt. 

Caractacus : — Craddock. 

Caradocus : — Oaradock, Cra- 
dock. 

Carbonarius : — Carbonel. 

Caretarius : — Carter. 

de Cariloco : — Cherlewe. 

de Carisio : — de Cerisy. 

Carnotensis : — de Chartres. 

de Carnotto : — de Carnoth or 

Crennach. 
de Caro Loco : — Carelieu. 

de Casa Dei: — Godshall. 

de Casineto, Casneto. See de 
Caineto. 

Castellanus : — Oatlin. 

de Castellis : — de Chasteus. 

de Castello : — de Chastell, Castle, 
Castell, Chatto. 

de Castello Magno: — Castlemain. 

Castor : — Bever. 

de Castro : — Castell. 

de Castro Nouo : — de Castelnau. 

de Catherege : — Catherick, Cart- 
wright. 

de Cauo Monte: — de Caumont, 
de Chaumont. 

Cecus : — Cheke. 
Cenomannicus : — Maine. 
de ("eraso, de Cericio: — de Cerisy, 
Cherry. 

de Cestria : — Chester. 
de Chahaignis. See de Cahagnis. 
M. 



de Chaisneto. See de Caineto. 

de Chaluennio : — de Clavigny, 
Clabone. 

de Chaorcis, Chaurcis : — 
Cha worth. 

de Chauwurcis : — Chaworth. 

Cheligreuus : — Killigrew. 

Chenesis : — Chaigne, Le Chesne, 
Cheyny. 

Chentiscus : — Kentish. 

de Chesneto. See de Caineto. 

de Cheueriis : — de Chevrieres, 
Chaffers. 

Chirchebeius : — Kirk by, Kirby. 

de Chris ti Ecclesia : — de Crisse- 
chirche, de Cristecherche. 

Cinomannicus : — Maine. 

de Clara Villa : — Clare ville. 

Claranus : — Clare. 

de Clarifago : — Clerfay. 

de Claris Vallibus : — Clerevaux, 

Clarival. 
de Claro Fageto : — Clerfay. 
de Claro Monte : — Clermont, 

Clermund. 
Clauiger : — Clavinger. 
de Clauilla : — de Clavile, Cleville. 
de Clauso : — Close, Class. 
Clericus : — Clarke, Cleary. 
de Clintona : — Clinton. 
de Cliuo Forti : — Clifford. 
de Coarda : — de Cowert, Coward. 
Cocus:-- Cook, Coke, Cocks. 
de Codria : — Cowdry. 
de Coisneriis : — de Coiners 
de Colauilla : — Colville. 

F F 



434 



The Record Interpreter. 



de Coldreto : — de Coudray. 

Collinus : — Knollys. 

de Collo Medio :— de Colmieu. 

de Columbariis : — Columbers. 

de Conchis : — Shelley. 

de Conductu : — Ohenduit. 

de Coniyeriis, Conneriis : — de 
Coignieres, Conyers. 

Cons tabular ius : — le Ounestable, 

Constable. 
Corbaldus : — Corbould. 
de Corcella : — Churchill. 

de Cormeliis : — de Cormayles, 
Connie. 

de Corniola : — Cornell. 

de Cornubia : — Cornwayle. 

Cornutus : — Horn. 

Coruesarius : — Corveser, Corsar. 

de Coruo Spinee : — Crowthorn. 

de Cramauilla : — Cranwell. 

Crassus: — LeGros. SeeGrassus. 

de Craucumba : — Crowcombe. 

de Creauso : — de Granson, 
Grandison. 

de Crepito Corde : — Crevecceur, 
Crowcour. 

de Criwa : — Crewe. 

Crocus : — Croke. 

de Crotis : — Croot, Grote. 

de Cruce : — Cross. 

Cruciarius : — Crocker. 

de Cuillio : — Colley. 

Cullus de Boue :— Oxenstern. 

de Cuminis : — Corny n. 

Cunetius : — Kennett. 

de Cur ceo, Curci : — de Courcy. 



de Curia : — Delacour, Cure. 
de Curleio : — Curley. 
de Curua Spina : — Crowthorn. 
de Cusancia : — Cussans. 



D. 



Dacus : — Lo Daneis, Dennis. 

Daincuriensis, de Aynecuria : — 
Daincourt, Deyncourt. 

Dalenriyius : — Ualegrig. 

Daniscus : — Dennis. 

de Daviduilla : — D'Aville, D'Ey- 
villo. 

Decanus : — Doan. 

Deuon 1 : Le Dovoneis, Deve- 
nish. 

Diabolus: — Dayville, De Eyville, 
Deoblo, Dibble. 

de Dice to : — do Disci, Diss. 

Dispensarius, JJispensator, Dis- 
pemerius : — De Despenser, 
{Spencer. 

de Diua: — Dive, Dives, Deaves. 

Diuitius: — Kiche. 

Doderiyus : — Doddridge. 

de Doito : — Dwight, Brook. 

de Douera : — de Douvres, Dover. 

Draco : — Drake, Drage. 

de Drocis : — de Dreux, Drew. 

Droyo : — Drew. 

Duchtius :— Doughty. 

de Dumouilla : — Domville, Dun- 
ville. 

de Duna : — Don, Down. 



Latin Forms of English Surnames. 



435 



de Dunestanuilla : — Dunstanvill. 

Durandus : — Durrant, Durand. 

Duridentis : — Duredens, Dur- 
dans. 

Dutentius : — Doughty. 
Dux : — Ducy, Duck, Duke. 



E. 



Easterlingus : — Stradling. 

de Ebroicis, de Ebrois : — D'Ev- 
reux. 

Ecclesiensis : — Churche. 

Eliseus : — Ellis. 

Ely ota :— Elliott. 

de Ericeto : — Briewer. 

de Ermenolda Villa: — d'Erme- 
nonville. 

de Ermenteriis : — Darmenters. 

Ernaldus : — Ernaut, Arnold. 

de Erolicto : — Erliche. 

de Escaleriis : — de Escales, 
Scalers, Scales. 

de Escardeuilla : — Scarvell. 

de Eschouilla : — Escoville, Scho- 
field, Scovell. 

de Escrupa : — Le Scrope, Scrope. 

Esperuerius : — Le Sperver, Spar- 
ver. 

de Essartis : — Essart, Sart. 

de Esseleia : — Ashley. 

de Estlega, Estleia : — Astley, or 
Estley. 

Eudo : — Eade, Eades. 

Extraneus, de Extraneo : — 
L' Estrange, Strange. 



Faber : — Lefevre. 

Facetus : — Le Facet. 

de Fago : — Beech, Beecher, 
Fagge. 

de Faia : — de Fai, Fay. 

Falconarius : — Falkner, Fachney. 

Falkasius : — Fawkes. 

Falterellus : — Futerel, Fewtrell. 

Fantasma : — Fantosme. 

Faucus : — Folkes, Vaux. 

Faukesius : — Fawkes. 

Ferchardus : — Farquhar, Forker. 

Ferdinandus : — Farrant. 

Ferrarii : — Ferre. 

de Ferrariis : — Ferrars, Ferrier. 

Ferratus : — Fairy, Ferrie. 

Fiber : — Bever. 

Fierebrachius : — Ferbras. 

de Fieruilla : — Fierville, Fair- 
field. 
de Filiceto : — Fernham. 

Filius AdeJini : — Fitz-Adelin, 
Edlin. 

Filius Alani : — Fitz-Alan. 

Filius Aluredi : — Fitz-Alard, or 
Fitz- Alfred. 

Filius Amandi : — Fitz-Amand. 

Filius Andrece : — Fitz-Andrew. 

Filius Baldewini : — Baldwin, 
Bolderson, Bowdon. 

Filius Baldrici : — Baldry. 

Filius Bernardi : — Fitz-Barnard. 

Filius Bricii : — Bryson. 

F F 2 



436 



The Record Interpreter. 



Filius Bogonis : — Bewes. 

Filius Briani: — Fitz- Brian. 

Filius Coci : — Cookson. 

Filius Comitis : — Fitz- Count. 

Filius Dauidis : — Dawson. 

Filius Draconis : — Drake. 

Filius Drogonis'. — Drewes, Drew. 

Filius Edmundi : — Edmunds. 

Filius Eustachii : — Fitz-Eustace. 

Filius Fulconis : — Fitz-Fulk, 
Faulke. 

Filius Galfridi : — Fitz-Geoffry. 

Filius Gerardi : — Fitz-Q-errard. 

Filius Gilleberti : — Fitz-Gilbert. 

Filius Godescalli : — Godshall. 

Fitzwalter, 



Fitz- Warren. 
— Fitz-Guy, 



Filius Gualteri : 
Walters. 

Filius Guarini :- 

Filius Guidonis 
Fitzwith. 

Filius Gulielmi : — Fitz -Willi am, 
Williamson, Williams. 

Filius Hamonis : — Fitz-Hamon, 
Hammond, Hampson. 

Filius Hardingi : — Fitz-Har- 
dinge. 

Filius Henrici : — Fitz- Henry, 
Harrison, Harris. 

Filius Herberti : — Fitz-Herbort. 

Filius Hugonis : — Fitz-Hugh, 
Hughes, Hewes, Hewish, 
Hew son. 

Filius Humfredi : — Fitz- Hum- 
phrey, Humphreys. 

Filius Ibotce : — Ibbotson, 
Ebison. 

Filius Isaac : — Isaacs, Higgins, 
Higginson, Hickson. 



Filius Jacobi : — Fitz- James, 
Jameson. 

Filius Johannis : — Fitz- John, 
Johnson, Jones. 

Filius Katerinco : — Katlynson, 
Cattlin. 

Filius Laurentii: — Lawson. 

Filius LetiticB : — Lettson. 

Filius Luccb : — Fitz-Lucas. 

Filius LucicB : — Lucy. 

Filius Mauricii : — Fitz -Maurice, 
Morison. 

Filius Mirhaelis : — Fitz- Michael . 

Filius Nicolai: — Fitz-Nichol, 
Nicholson. Nichols. 

Filius Odonis : — Fitz-Otes. 

Filius Oliueri : — Fitz-Oliver. 

Filius Osburni : — Fitz-Osburn. 

Filius Osmondi : — Fitz-Osmond. 

Filius Othonis or Ottonis : — 
Fitz-Otes. 

Filius Pag ant : — Fitz- Pain. 

Filius Patricii : — Fitz-Patrick. 

Filius Petri : — Fitz Peter, Peter- 
son, Peters. 

Filius Philippi : — Phillips, 
Phipps, Phipson. 

Filius Radulfi : — Fitz-Ralph, 
Raphson. 

Filius Reginaldi : — Fitz-Kay- 
nold, Reynolds. 

Filius Ricardi : — Fitz-Richar d , 
Richardson, Richards. 

Filius Roberti : — Fitz- Robert, 
Robertson, Roberts, Robin- 
son. 

F'ilius Rogeri : — Fitz-Roger, 
Rogerson, Rogers. 



Latin Forms of English Surnames. 



437 



Filius Saheri : — Searson. 

Films Simonis : — Fitz- Simon, 
Simonds. 

Filius Stephani : — Fitz-Stephen, 
Stephenson, Stephens, Stif- 
fin. 

Filius Suani : — Swainson. 

Filius Thomee : — Fitz-Thomas, 
Thomson. 

Filius Vidua: — Widdowson. 

Filius Walteri : — Fitz- Walter, 
Walters, Waters, Watson, 
Watts. 

Filius Warini : — Fitz-Warin, 
Warison. 

de Firmitate : — de la Ferte. 

de Flammauilla : — de Flamville. 

Flandrensis : — Flemyng. 

Flauillus : — Flavell. 

Flauus : — Blund, Blount ; 
Fleuez. 

Flecharius : — Le Fleohier, Flet- 
cher. 

Florus : — Flowers. 

de Fluctibus : — Flood. 

de Folia : — Foley. 

de Foliis : — Foulis. 

de Fonte: — Font, Faunt. 

de Fonte Australi- — Southwell. 

de Fonte Ebraldi : — Fontevraud. 

de Fonte Limpid o : — Sherburn. 

de Fontibus : — Wells. 

de Forda : — Ford. 

Forestarius : - Forester, Foster. 

de Forgia : — de la Forge. 

Formannus : — Formes. 

de Fornellis : — de Furnel. 



de Forti Scuto : — Fortescue. 

de Fortibus : — de Fort, de Forz, 
Force. 

de Fossa Noua : — Newdike. 

de Fraisneto, Fraxineto : — de 
Fraine, du Fresne. 

de Francheuilla : — de Freville 

Francus : — Franks. 

de Fraxino : — del Freine, Frean, 
. Ashe. 

Frescoburnus : — Freshburne. 

de. Freuilla : — Fretchvile, Frevile. 

de Frigido Mantello : — Free- 
mantle. 

de Frigido Monte: — de Fremond, 
Fremont. 

de Frisca Villa : — Fretchville, 
Frevile, Freshfield. 

de Frisco Marisco : — Freshmarsh. 

Fulcherii : — Fulcher. 

de Fulgeriis : — de Fcugeres, de 
Filgeres, Fudger, Fulcher. 

de Furnellis : — Furneaux, Fur- 
ness. 



G. 



de Gaio : — Gai, Gay, Jay. 

de Gandauo, Gandauensis : — 
Gaunt. 

Ganterius : — Glover. 

de Gardaroha : — Wardroper. 

de Gardinis : — Garden. 

Garnerus : -- Guarnier, Warner. 

de Gasconia : — Gascoyne. 

de Gaweia: — Gower. 

de Geinuila : — de Geynville. 



438 



The Record Interpreter. 



de Geneua : — de Genevile. 

de Gents teto : — Bromfield. 

de Gerardi Villa : — Greville, 
Graville. 

Geruasius : — Gerveis, Jarvis, 
Jervis. 

Giouanus : — Young. 

de Girbirti Villa : — de Gerber- 
ville. 

de Gisneto: — deGisney, Gynney. 

de Gisortio : — de Gisors. 

de Glanuilla : — Glanvil. 

Gobio : — Gudgeon. 

de Gorniaco : — Gorney, Gurney. 

Gosselinus : — Gosling. 

de Gouheria: — Gower. 

Grammaticus : — Grammer. 

de Grana : — Graine, Grain. 

de Granauilla, Greenuilla : — 
Greenvil, or Grenvile. 

de Grandauilla : — Granvile. 

de Grandisono: — de Graunson, 
Grandison. 

Grandis, or Magnus Venator : — 
Grosvenor. 

Grandus : — Le Grand, Graunt, 

Grant. 
Granetarius : — Grenet. 

de Grangia : — Grainge. 
Grangiarius : — Grainger. 
de Grano Ordei, Granum Ordei: 
— Greindorge. 

Grassus : — Le Gras, Grace, Le 
Gros. 

de Graua : — de la Grave, Graves. 

de Grendona : — Greendon. 

de Grento : — Grente, Grinde. 



de Greylliaco : — de Greilly, 
Grelley. 

Grimbaldi : — Grimbaud. 

de Grinnosa Villa: — de Grin- 
ville. 

de Griperia : — Gripper. 

Grisius : — Le Grice. 

de Grosso : — de Gruce, Gross. 

de Grosso Monte : — Grosmond, 
Grismond. 

de Grosso Venator e\ — Grosvenor. 

Grossus : — Le Gros. 

Grotius : — Grose. 

de Grue : — Crane. 

Guarini : — Guerin. 

Guido : — Guy, Gee. 

de Guidouilla : — Wydville, Wy- 
ville. 

Gulaffra : — Golofre, Golfer, 
Gulfer. 

de Gundeuilla : — Gonville. 

de Guntheri Sylua : — Gunter. 

de Guti: — del Got. 



H. 

de Haia : — de la Haye, Hay. 
de Hambeia : — Hainby, Hanby. 
de Hanoia: — deHenau, Hanway. 
de Hantona : — Hanton, Hampton. 
de Harcla : — Harkley. 

de Haricuria : — Harcourt, Hare- 
court. 
Hastifragus : — Brakespere. 
Hauardus : — Howard. 



Latin Forms of English Surnames. 



439 



de Haula : — de la Hale, Hall, 


de Joannis Villa : — de Jehan- 


Hawley. 


ville, Geneville, G-anville. 


de Haya : — de la Haye, Hay. 


Joannus : — Jones. 


Her emit a : — Armit. 


Jodocus : — Joice. 


Heres : — Le Hare, Eyre. 


Juuenis :— Lejeune, Young. 


Herueus : — Harvey. 




Hieronymus : — Jerome, Jerram. 


K. 


de Hir undine : — Arundel. 


Hispaniolus : — Aspinall. 

de Hoga : — de la Hoge, Hogg. 


de Kahagnis : — Keynes. 

de Kaineto y de Kaisneto : — Ches- 


de Holmo : — Holmes. 


ney, Cheney, Keynes. 


de Hosata, de Hosa : — de la Hose, 


Kentesius : — Le Kenteis, 


de la Huso. 


Kentish. 


Hosatus : — Hose, Huese, Hussey. 


de Keyneto. See de Kaineto. 


Howardus : — Howard. 


de Kima, Kyma : — de Kyme, 


Hugo : — Hook. 


Keymer. 


Husatus, Hussatus : — Hoese, 




Huese, Hussey. 


L. 


I. 


de Lacella : — Lascales, Lacelles. 




de Lacu : — de Lake, Lake. 


de Illeriis : — de St. Hellier, Hil- 
lier. 

Infans :— L'Enfant, Child. 

de Ingania : — Engaine. 

de Insula '. — Lisle. 

de Insula Bona : — Lislebone. 


de Lada : — de la Lade. 


de Lceto Loco : — Lettley. 

de La Mara : — Delamare. 

de Laga : — Lee, Lea, Leigh. 

Lambardus : — Lambard, or Lam- 
bert. 


de Insula Fontis : — Lilburne. 


de Landa : — de la Lande, Land. 


de Ipra : — de Ipres. 


de Landalis : — Landal, Landels. 


de Ispania : — Spain. 


de Langdona, Landona: — Lang- 




don. 




Larder arius : — Lardenier, Lard- 


J. 


ner. 




de Largo : — Large. 


de Janua : — Janeway. 


Latimarius, Latinarius : — Lati- 


Joannis : — Johnson. 


mer, Latomer. 



440 



The Record Interpreter. 



de Lato Campo : — Bradfield. 

de Lato Vado : — Bradford. 

de Lato Pede : — Braidfoot. 

Lauremarius : — Lorimer. 

de Lecha : — Leke. 

de Leg a : — Leigh, Lee. 

Legatus : — Leggatt. 

de Leica : — Leke. 

de Leicestria : — Lester. 

Lesleeus : — Leslie. 

Leuchenorius : — Lewkin, Lewk- 
nor. 

de Lexintuna : — Lexington. 

de Leziniaco : — de Lezinan. 

de Liberatione : — Liverance. 

de Lienticuria : — de Lianeourt. 

de LAmesia : — Liinsie. 

de Linna : — Linne. 

de Lisoriis, Lisoris : — Lizurs, 
Lisors. 

de Loco Frumenti: — Whetham- 
stede. 

de Log Us : — Lodge. 

de Long a Spat ha : — Longespee. 

de Lonya Villa : — Longueville, 
Longville, Longfellow. 

de Longo Campo : — Longchamp, 
Longshauks. 

de Longo Prato : — Longmede. 

Lotharingius : — Le Loreyne, 
Lorraine, Lorriner. 

Lotharius : — Lowther. 

de Luceio : — Lucy, Lewsey. 

Ludouicus : — De Lues, Lewis. 

de Luera : — Lower. 

de Lunda : — Lund. 



de Lupellis : — Lovel. 

Lupellus : — Lovel. 

Lupus : — Le Loup, Love, Loo, 
Woolf. 

de Lusoriis : — Lusher. 

de Luxa : — De Los. 



M. 

Macer : — Le Meyre. 

Macnisius : — Mackness. 

de Maderiaco : — de Mezieres, 
Measures. 

de Magna Pena : — de Magne 
Peine, Moneypenny, Map- 
pin. 

de Magna Villa : — Mandeville, 
Mannwille. 

de Magno Monte : — Grosmount, 
or Groumount. 

Magnus Venator'. — Grosvenor. 

Mainfelinus : — Meinfeuin. 

de Mamo :— Maine, Maoun. 

de Mala Bissa : — de Malebisse, 
de Malebiche. 

de Mala Fide : — Maufe. 

de Mala Herba : — Malherbe. 

de Mala Opera : — Mallop. 

de Mala Platea : — Malpas. 

de Mala Terra : — Mauland, Eve- 
land. 

de Mala Villa : — Melville 

de Malchenceio : — Munchensy. 

Malconductus : — Malduit, Mau- 
duit. 

Maledoctus : — Maudoit. 

Maltductus: — Malduit, Mauduit. 



Latin Forms of English Surnames. 



441 



Malisius : — Malis. 

de Malis Manibus : — Malmains. 

de Malis Operibus : — Maloor. 

de Malo Leone : — Mauleon. 

de Malo Conductu : — Malduit. 

de Malo Dumo : — de Maubusson. 

de Malo Lacu: — Mauley. 

de Malo Vicino. See Mains 
Vicinus. 

de Malo Visu : — Malveys. 

de Malpassu : — Malpas. 

Mains Catulus : — Malcael, Mal- 
chael, Malchein, Machel. 

Mains Leporarins : — Maleverer, 
Mallieure, Mallyvery. 

Mains Lupellus : — Maulovel, 
Mallovel. 

Mains Vicinus: — Malveisin, Mal- 
voisin, Mavesyn, Mason. 

de Mandauilla : — Mandeville, 

Manneville. 
de Maneriis : — de Mengues, 

Menzies, Manners. 
de Manibus : — de Mans. 
de Mannauilla : — Mandeville, 

Manhill, Manwell. 

de Mara : — Mare, Marre. 

de Marchia: — de La Marche, 
March. 

de Marci Vallibus : — Martival. 

de Marco : — Mark. 

Marescallus : — Marshal, or Le 

Marshal, Merrishaw. 
de Marinis : — Mary on. Mar win. 
de Marisco : — del Mareis, Marsh. 
Marruylarius :— Le Marler. 



de Martiuallis : — Martivaux, 
Martival, Martivast, Mar- 
twas. 

de Masura : — Le Massor, Mea- 
sor. 

Mauclerus : — Lacklatin. 

Maurenciacus : — de Montmo- 
rency. 

de Mauritania : — de Morteine. 

de Media Villa : — Middleton. 

Medicus : — Leech. 

de Meduana : — Maine, Mayenne. 

de Melsa : — de Meaulx, Meux, 
Mews. 

Mentulamanus : — "Toulmaine 
alias Hancocke." 

de Mercato : — de Marche, March. 

Mercator : — Mercer. 

de Mesleriis, de Meuleriis : — Mel- 

lers. 
de Micenis : — Meschines. 

Milesius, Miletus : — Miles. 

de Mineriis : — Miners. 

de Minoriis : — Minours. 

de Moelis : — de Moelles, or 
Moels, Mills. 

Molendinarius : — Miller, Milner. 

de Molendinis : — Molines. 

de Molis : — de Moelles, or Moels, 
Mills. 

Monachus : — Le Moigne, Monk. 

de Monasteriis : — Musters, 
Masters. 

de Moncellis : — Monceaux, 
Monson, Monser. 

de Monemutha : — Monmouth. 

de Montana: — de Montaignes, 
de Montaigne, Mountain. 



442 



The Record Interpreter. 



de Monte : — Mount, Mont. 

de Monte Acuto : — Montacute, 

Montague. 
de Monte Alto : — Montalt, Mu- 

haut, Moald, Maude. 

de Monte Aquilce : — Mounteagle. 

de Monte Beyonis : — Montbegon. 

de Monte Britonum : — de Mon- 
breton. 

de Monte Canasio, Canesio, 
Canisio : — Montchesney, 
Munchensi. 

de Monte Dei : — Mundy. 

de Monte Dublelli : — de Mont 
Dubleaux. 

de Monte Fixo : — Montfitchet, 
Munfitchet. 

de Monte Florum : — de Monte- 
flour. 

de Monte Forti : — Montfort. 

de Monte Gaii, de Monte G audit: 
— Mont joy, Mungy. 

de Monte Gomerico : — Mont- 
gomery. 

de Monte Hermerii : — Month er- 
mer. 

de Monte Jouis : — Mont joy. 

de Monte Kanesio : — Mont- 
chensey, Munchensi. 

de Monte Marisco : — Montmo- 
rency. 

de Monte Martini : — de Mont- 
mar tre. 

de Monte Moraci, Morentio : — 
Montmorency. 

de Monte Pessono, de Monte Pes- 
sulano, de Monte Pissonis, 
de Monte Pissoris : — Mont- 
pinzon, Mompesson. 

de Monte Reuelli : — Monterville. 

de Montibus : — Mount, Mont. 



de Morauia : — Moray, Murray. 

de Morisco : — Moore. 

de Mortiuallis : — de Martivaux. 

de Mortuo Mart: — Mortimer. 

de Mota : — de La Motte. 

de Moubraia : — Mowbray. 

de Muchelegata : — Micklegate. 

de Mumbraio : — Mowbray. 

Murdacus : — Murdoch. 

ad Murum : — Walton. 

de Musca : — Mus, Mosse. 

de Musco Campo : — Muschamp. 

Mustela : — Musteile. 



N. 

Nappator : — Le Naper, Napier. 

de Naso : — de Nes, Ness. 

Nepos : — Le Neve. 

Nequam : — Neckham. 

de Neuilla : — Nevil. 

Nigellus : — Niele, Neal. 

Nigeroculus : — Blackey. 

de Nodariis, Nodoriis : — Nowres. 

Norensis : — Noreis, Nordman, 
Norman. 

Normandus : — Norman. 

Norriscus : — Norris, Nurse. 

de Noruico : — Norwich. 

de Noua Terra : — Newland. 

de Noua Uilla : — Neufville, 
Neville, Newell. 

de Nouiomo : — Noon. 

de Nouo Buryo : — Newburgh, 
Newborough. 



Latin Forms of English Surnames. 



443 



de Nouo Castello : — Newcastle. 

de Nouo Foro : — de Neumarche, 
Newmarch. 

de Nouo Loco : — Newark. 

de Nouo Mercato : — de Neu- 
marche, Newmarch. 

de Nouo Oppido : — Newton. 

Nouus : — Newman. 

Nouus Homo : — Newman. 

Nutricius : — Nurse. 



0. 



de Oburuilla : — de Abbeville, 
Appeville. 

de OileiO) Oili, Oilius: — D'Oyly, 
Olley. 

de Omnibus Sanctis : — Toussaint. 

de Ortiaco : — del Ortyay, Lorty. 

Ostiarius : — Le Huissier, Usher ; 
Durward (Scotch). 

de Oughtia: — Doughty. 



de Paceio : — de Pasci, Pacy. 

Paceus : — Pace. 

Paganellus : - — Pagnell, Painel, 
Paynell. 

Pag anus : — Payne. 

Palmarius : — Le Paumier, Pal- 
mer. 

Palmiger : — Palmer. 

de Palo : — del Pau. 

de Palude : — Puddle, Marsh. 



de Parco : — Park, Perck. 

Parmentarius : — Parmenter, 
Taylor. 

de Parua Turri : — Torel, Tyrrel. 
de Parua Villa : — Littleton. 
Paruus : — Le Petit, Petty. 
de Pascuo Lapidoso : — Stanley. 
de Pauilliaco : — Paveley. 
de Pauliaco : — Paveley. 
Peccatum, de Peccato, Peccatus : — 
Peche, Pecche, Pecke. 

de Pede Planco : — Pauncefoot. 

Peitonus : — Peyton. 

Peltiparius : — Skinner. 

Pentecostes : — Wytesoneday. 

Per/ectus : — Parfey, Parfitt. 

de Periis :■ — Piers. 

de Perona : — Perowne. 

de Perrariis : — Perrers. 

de Petra : — Petre. 

de * Petraponte, Petroponto : — 

Pierrepont, Perpoint. 
Peuerellus : — Peverell. 
Phiscerus : — Fisher. 

de Pictauia, Pictauiensis : — Pey- 
tevin, Peyto, Peto. 

Pincerna : — Butler. 

de Pinibus : — Dupin. 

de Pinu : — Pine, Pyne. 

Piper ellus : — Pepperell, Peverell. 

Piscator : — Fisher. 

de Pisce, de Piscibus : — Fish. 

de Pissiaco : — Poysey. 

Placidus : — Placett. 

de Planca : — De la Planche. 



444 



The Record Interpreter. 



de Plantagenista : — Plantagenet. 

de Plessetis, Plesseto : — de Ple- 
seys, Plesseiz, Plessez, 
Plaiz, Place. 

de Podio : — des Pus. 

Poherius. See Puherius. 

de Pola : — de la Pole. 

de Poleio : — Poley. 

Polus : — Pole, Poole. 

de Pomario : — Appleyard. 

Ponderator: — Le Balauncer. 

de Ponte : — Bridge. 

de Ponte Fracto : — Pomfrey. 

ad F*ontem : — Atte Brigge, 

Brigge, Paunton. 
de Pontibus : — Bridgeman, 

Bridges. 

de Pontissara, Pontissera : — 
Sawbridge ; Pontoise, 
Pontys. 

Pontius : — Pons, Pounce. 
Porcarius : — Le Porcher. 
de Porcellis : — Purcell. 
ad Portam : — Porter. 
Pottarius : — Potter. 
le Poure : — Power. 
Pouteneius : — Poultney. 
de Praellis. See de Praeriis. 
Propositus : — Prevot. 
de Praeriis : — Praeres, Prahors. 
de Pratellis : — des Pres, Des- 
preaux, Diprose, Meadows. 
de Pratis :— Praty, Prettie. 
de Prato : — Dupre, Mead, Pratt. 
de Precariis. See de Praeriis. 
Preco : — Price. 



Puherius, Puherus : — Le Poher, 
Poer. 

de Puilleta : — Paulet. 

de Pulchro Capellitio : — Fairfax. 

Puletarius : — Le Poleter, 
Poulter. 

Puntius : — Pons, Pounce. 

de Purcellis : — Purcell. 

de Puteaco : — de Pusat, Pudsey, 
Pusey. 

de Puteis : — Pittes. 

de Puteo : — Pitt. 

de Pysanis :--de Pessaigne. 



Q. 



de Quatuor Maris : — de Quatre- 
mer. 

de Querceto : — Cheney. 

de Quercu: — Quirk, Kirk, Oake. 

de Quinciaco : — Quincey. 



R. 

de Raalega : — Ralegh. 

de Radeneio : — de Reyney, Rod- 
ney. 

de Radeona : — Rodney. 

de Radio : — Raye. 

Rayotus: — Le Raggide, Raggett. 

de Raimis : — de Reimes. 

de Ralega : — Ralegh. 

de Rea : — de Ree, Ray. 

de Redueriis : — Rivers. 

Reginaldi : — Renaud, Reynolds. 



Latin Forms of English Surnames. 



445 



Reginaldus : — Reynold. 
Regiosyluanus : — Kings wood. 
Reinardus : — Rayner, Reyner. 
Renoldus : — Reynold. 
Rex : — King, Reeks. 

Rhtseus : — Ap Rhys, Ap Rice, 

Price. 
de Ria : — de Rie, Rye. 
de Rico Monte : — Richmond. 
Rigidius : — Rivers. 

de Riperia, Ripariis, Riueria, Ri- 
ueriis : — de Ripers, Rivers, 
Driver. 

Robertiades : — Roberts. 

de Roca : — Rock. 

de Rodeneia : — Rodney. 

Rodericus : — Rothery. 

de Rodolio : — de Roel, Rolle. 

de Roillio: — de Roilli or Reuilly, 

Rowley. 
de Roka : — Rock. 
de Rokela : — Rockley. 
de Romeliolo : — de Romilli, 

Romilly, Rumley. 
Rotarius : — Wheeler, Rutter. 
de Rotis : — Rote, Roots. 



de Rotundo, Rolundus : — Ronde, 
Round, Rounce. 

de Rua : — Rue. 

de Rubeo Monte : — Rougemont. 

de Rubra Manu : — Redmayne. 

de Rubra Spatha : — Rospear, 
Rooper, Roper.* 

de Rubro Cliuo : — Radcliffe. 

de Ruda : — Routh. 

de Ruella : — Ruel, Rule. 

Ruff us, Rufus : — Le Roux, Le 

Rus, Rous, Ruff. 
de Rugehala : — Rugeley, 

Ruggles. 

de Rupe: — de la Roche, Roche, 
Droope, Drope, Rock. 

de Rupe Cauardi: — de Roche- 
chouard. 

de Rupe Forti : — Rochfort. 

de Rupe Sctssa : — Cutcliffe. 

de Rupella : — de la Rochelle, 

Rokell, Roupell. 
de Ruperia. ' See Rupetra. 

de Rupetra : — de Rupierre. 
Rooper, Roper. 

de Rupibus, Rupinus : — Roche, 
Rock. 



* "There is a very ancient family of the Ropers in Cumberland, who have 
lived immemorially near to a quarry of red spate there, from whence they first 
took their surname of Rubra spatha." This is the explanation of the name 
given in the 8th ed. of " Wright's Court Hand Restored" ; but " Cowell's 
Interpreter" translates de Rubra Spatha, Rouspee, Rospear, Rooper, Roper. The 
present editor has been unable to find any confirmation of the story about the 
quarry of red spate ; but in the parish of Castle Sowerby, Cumberland, there 
are certain estates called Redspears, the owners of which were called by the same 
name, and did service by riding through Penrith on Whit-Tuesday, brandishing 
their spears (Jefferson, Hit-t. of Cumberland, i. 139). Though spatha properly 
means a sword, de Rubra Spatha is doubtless the Latin equivalent for Redspear, 
just as the Norm a a name Sake Espee appears in England as Shakespeare, 



446 



The Record Interpreter. 



S. 

de Sabaudia : — Savoy. 

de Sacca Villa : — Sackville. 

de Saceio : — de Sace, de Sauce. 

de Sacheuilla : — de Sacquenville, 
Soucheville, Sackville. 

de Sacra Fago : — Hollebech, 
Holbeach. 

de Sacra Quercu : — Holyoak. 

de Sacro Bosco : — Holy wood. 

de Sacro Fonte : — Holy brook, 
Holbrook. 

Sagittarius : — Archer. 

de Saio : — Say. 

de Sakenuilla : — Sackville. 

de Salceto : — Saucey. 

de Salchauilla : — Salkeld. 

de Salicosa Mara : — Wilmore. 

de Salicosa Vena : — Salvein. 

de Salso Marisco : — Saumarez, 
Saltmarsh. 

de Saltu Capellce : — Sachevf rel. 

de Saltu Lacteo : — Melkeley. 

Saluagius : — Savage. 

Sancho : — Sankey. 

de Sancta Barba or Barbara : — 
Senbarb, Siuiberb. 

de Sancta Clara : — St. Clare, 
Sinclair. 

de Sancta Cruce : — St. Croix, 
Cross. 

de Sancta Ermina :— Armine. 

de Sancta Fide : — St. Faith, 
Faith, Fiddes. 

de Sancta Geneuefa : — Jeneway. 

de Sancta Terra : — Holyland. 



de Sancta Villa : — Sent Vile, 
Sainneville. 

de Sancto Albano : — St. Alban. 

de Sancto Albino : — Seyntabyn, 
St. Aubyn. 

de Sancto Alemondo : — Salmon. 

de Sancto Amando : — St. Amand, 
Samand. 

de Sancto Audemaro : — St. Omer. 

de Sancto Audoeno : — St. Owen. 

de Sancto Bricio : — Brice. 

de Sancto Cinerino : — Chinnery. 

de Sancto Claro : — Senclere, Sin- 
clair. 

de Sancto Qlaudo 
Clode. 



Clodd, 



de Sancto Crispino : — Crispin, 
Crisp. 

de Sancto Diongsio : — Dennis. 

de Sancto Edmundo : — Edmunds. 

de Sancto Edolpho : — Stydolph. 

de Sancto Edwardo : — Edwards. 

de Sancto Eustacio : — Stacey. 

de Sancto Gelasio : — Singlis. 

de Sancto Germano : — Germain. 

de Sancto Hilario : — Hillary. 

de Sancto Johanne : — St. John, 
Sin gen. 

de Sancto Judoco : — de Joyeuse, 
Jorz, Joyce. 

de Saficto Laudo : — St. Laud, 
Sentlo, Senlo. 

de Sancto Leodegario : — St.Leger, 
Sallenger, Ledger. 

de Sancto Leonardo : — Lennard. 

de Sancto Lizio : — St. Lys, 
Senliz. 



Latin Forms of English Surnames. 



44; 



de Sancto Lodo. See Sancto 
Laudo. 

de Sancto Lupo : — Sentlow. 

de Sancto Luzo : — Sentluke. 

de Sancto Martino : — de Dan- 
martin, Semarton, Martin. 

de Sancto Mauricio: — St. Morris. 

de Sancto Mauro : — St. Maur, 

Seymour. 
de Sancto Medardo : — Semark. 
de Sancto Neoto : — Sennett. 
de Sancto Olauo : — Toly. 

de Sancto Paulo : — Sampol, 
Semple. 

de Sancto Petro : — Sampier, 
Semper, Symper. 

de Sancto Phileberto : — Filbert. 

de Sancto Quintino : — St. 

Quintin. 
de Sancto Remigio : — de St. 

Remy, Remy. 

de Sancto Serennio : — Chinnery. 

de Sancto Vedasto : — Foster. 

de Sancto Vigore : — Vygour. 

de Sancto Wallerico : — St. Wal- 
lere, Waller. 

de Sanduico : — Sandwich. 

Sapiens : — Le Sage. 

Saracenus : — Sarazin, Sarson. 

Sar tortus : — Sartoris, Sartres. 

Sauagius : — Savage. 

Sauaricus : — Savory. 

de Sauiniaco : — de Savigny, 

Saveney. 

de Saxo Ferrato : — Ironston, 
Ironzon. 

de Scalar its : — de Scaliers, 
Scales. 



de Scoleio : — Scully. 

de Scuris : — Lescures. 

de Seinlicio, Senlycio : — de 
Seinliz. 

de Sella : — de Salle, Sale. 

Senescallus : — Stewart, Stuart. 

de Sep tern Hidis : — de Sethides. 

de Sep tern Vallibus : — de Set- 
vaux. 

de Sep tern Vannis : — Setvans. 

Serlo : — Searle. 

de Seuecurda : — Seacourt. 

Sewallus : — Sewell. 

de Sicca Villa : — de Sechevile, 
de Sacheville, Satchwell, 
Sackville. 

de Sideuilla : — Sidwell. 

Siluanus : — Silvain, Salvin. 

Sine Auerio : — Sanzaver. 

Siwardus : — Seward. 

de Smalauilla. See Malauilla. 

de Sola : — Sole. 

de Solariis : — Solers. 

Sophocardius : — Wischeart. 

de Spada : — Speed, Speedy. 

de Spineto : — Spine, Spinney. 

de Stagno : — Stanhow, Poole, 
Pond. 

de Stampis: — d'Estampes, Stamp. 

de Stella : — Stel, Steele. 

Stephanides : — Fitz Stephen. 

Stiganaus :— Stiggins. 

de Stipite Sicco : — de la Zouehe. 

de Stoteuilla: — d'Estoteville, 
Stutfield. 

Strabo : — Louch. 



448 



The Record Interpreter. 



de Stratauilla : — d'Estreeville, 
Streatfeild. 

de Stratona : — Stretton. 

Sub Nemore : — Underwood. 

de Sudburia : — Sudbury. 

de Suilleio : — de Suilli, Sully. 

Super Tysam : — Surteys, Sur- 
tees. 

de Sureuilla : — Surville, Sher- 
ville. 

de Suthleia, Sutleia : — Suthley, 
Sudley. 

de Sylua : — Weld. 

Syluanectensis : — Seyton. 



T. 



de Taberna : — Taverner. 

Talliator : — Taylor. 

de Tanaia : — Taney. 

de Taneo : — de Tani, Tawney. 

de Tankardi Villa : — Tanker- 
ville. 

Tannator : — Le Tanur, Tanner. 

Taxo : — Tesson, Tyson. 

Telarius : — Taylor, Tylor. 

de Tertia Manu : — Tremayne. 

Teutonicus : — Tyes, Teys. 

Thamarius : — Thame, Tame. 

de Thaneto : — Thanet, Tanet, 
Tent. 

Theobaldus : — Tipple. 

Theodoricus : — Terry, Derrick. 

de Thornamusa : — Tornemue. 

de Txrnisco : — de Terouisch. 



de Toleta :— Tollitt, Tullet. 

de Tona : — Touny, Tony. 

de Tor to : — Turt. 

de Tosca : — Tosh. 

de Tribus Minetis : — Treminet. 

de Trubleuilla : — Troubleville, 
Turberville. 

deTulka:— Tuke, Toke. 

de Turbida Villa : — Turberville. 

Turchetillus :— -Turchill. 

de Turpi Vado : — Fulford. 

de Turri : — Towers, Torry. 

de Turribus : — de Turs, de Tours. 

de Tylia :— Tille, Tyley. 



U. 

de Ujfintona : — Ufton. 

de Umbrosa Quercu : — Dimoak, 
Dimock. 

de Urtiaco : — de Lorty, Lort, 
Hort. 

de Usseio : — Ducie. 

Ususmare : — Hussey. 



V. 

de Vaaceio : — de Vaacey, Vaizey. 

Vaca : — de la Wac, Wake. 

Vacarius : — Vacher, Levaque, 
Livock. 

de Vuccaria : — Vicary, Vickery. 

de Vado : — Wade. 

de Vado Bourn : — Oxford. 

de Vado Saxi : — Stanford. 



Latin Forms of English Surnames. 



449 



Valchelinus : — Wakelin. 

de Valeia :— de Valle, Wall. 

de Valencia : — Valence. 

Valesius : —Walsh. 

de Valle :— Wale, Wall. 

de Valle Torta : — Yaletor, 
Yautort. 

de Vallibus : — de Vals, Vaux. 

de Valln :— Wall. 

de Valoniis : — de Valognes, Va- 
loines. 

de T^aluinis : — Wauwain, Wal- 
wyn. 

de Vannario : — Le Yanner. 

de Varauilla : — Yarvill, War- 
well. 

Vardaus : — Ward. 

Velox : — Swift ; Fogarty. 

Venator : — Yendore, Yenour. 

de Venetia: — Yenesse. 

de Verineio : — de Yerigny, Yer- 
ney. 

de Vernaco: — de Vernai, Ferney. 

de Vesci : — Yesey. 

de Vetere Aula :— Oldhall, Old- 
ham. 

de Vetere Ponte : — Yieuxpont, 
Yipont, Yeepount. 

de Vetula : — Yale, Yiel, Vyel. 

de Vetulis : — de Vielles. 

Vetulus : — Yiel. 

de Vicar Us : — Yiccara. 

M 



Vicinus : — Le Veysin. 

de Vico :— de Yieques, Yick. 

Vidulator : — Le Yielur. 

de Vigneio :— de Yigny, de Wig- 
Dai. 

de Villa : — Veal. 

de Villa Magna : — Mandeville. 

de Villa Jlota, Moata: — Wilmot, 

de Villa Torta : — Croketon. 

de Villariis :— Villiers. 

de Vindino : — de Vendome, 
Phantam. 

de Vino Saluo : — Yinsauf. 

de Viridi Campo : — Greenfield. 

de Viridi Villa : — Grenville. 

Vitulus. See Vetulus. 

Vulpis : — Renard, Eainer. 

Vulsams : — Wolsey. 



W. 

de Wacellis : — Wasel, Vassall. 

Walchelinus : — Wakelin. 

Wallensis : — Le Walleis, Wal- 
lace. 

de Wanceio : — Wansey. 

de Warenna : — Warren. 

Warennarius : — Warrender. 

de Warneuilla : — Warneville. 

de JVarteuilla. See de JVate- 
uilla. 

G G 



450 



The Record Interpreter. 



de Wasa : — Wace. 

de Waspria:—&e Guaspre, de 
Waspre, Vosper. 

de Watelega :— Wateley, Wheat- 
ley. 

de Wateuilla : — Wateville, 
Waterfield. 



de Wellebo :— de Wellebof , Wel- 
bore. 

Wiscardus : — Wishart. 

Wollceus : — Wolley. 

Wolsceus :— Wolsey. 

Woluesceus : — Wolsey. 

de Wyuilla :— Wyville, Weevil, 
Whewell. 



A FEW LATIN CHRISTIAN NAMES WITH 
THEIR ENGLISH EQUIVALENTS.* 



A. 

Abbalota : — Abelote. 
Acceptus : — Accepted. 
Aceslina : — 
Acharius : — 
Acheolus : — Acheul. 
A cilia : — 
Actus : — Ace, Ach. 
Adam (gen. Adce) : — Adam. 
Adelardus : — Alard. 
Adelheidis : — Adelaide. 
Adelicia : — Same as Aelizia. 
Adelmus : — Aleaume, Elesme. 
Ademarus : — Aymer. 
Adenettus : — Edneved (?). 
Adhelina : — Adeline. 
Adomarus : — Aymer. 
JEgidia : — Giles. 
JEyidius : — Giles. 
Aelipdis : — Alice (?). 
Aeliuedha : — Aled, Elined. 
Aelizia : — Alice. 



Ajfabellus, Affabilis : — Affabell. 

Agatha : — Agace, Agas. 

Agelwinus : — Aylwin. 

Agilbertus : — Ailbert. 

Agilda : — 

Agiricus : — Agri. 

Agna : — Agnes. 

Agnes (gen. Agnetis) : — Agnes, 
Annyce, Anneys, Annes. 

Agneta : — Agnes. 

Ailbertus : — Ethelbert, Albert. 

Ailmaricus : — Emery. 

Ailmerus : — Aylmer. 

Ailwinus : — Ethel win. 

Aitropus : — 

Aiulfus : — 

Akina : — 

Alanus : — Aleyn, Alan. 

Albaria : — Aubrey. 

Alberedus : — Alfred. 

Alberia : — Aubrey. 

Albericus, Albricus, Albrius : — 
Albri, Aubrey. 

Albinus : — Aubyn. 



* The compiler of this list has inserted some Latin names occurring in 
English documents of which he has found no English equivalent, in the 
hope that some one who uses the book may be more fortunate than he 
has been. There are some Irish and Welsh names, as well as English. 

gg2 



452 



The Record Interpreter. 



Albrea : — Aubrey. 

Albreda : — Aubrey. 

Albredus : — Aubrey. 

Albricus : — Aubri. 

Alburga : — Aubrey (?). 

A Ida : — 

Aldezina : — 

Aldricns : — Audri. 

Aldrida : — Etheldreda, Audrey. 

Alecia : — Alice. 

Alesia : — Alice. 

Alexander : — Saunder (Irish). 

Alexandra : — Alisandre. 

Aleysia : — Alice. 

Alheydis : — Adelaide. 

Alic' (masc.) : — 

Alicia : — Alice. 

Alienora : — Eleanor. 

Alina : — Aline. 

Alionora : — Eleanor. 

Almaria : — 

Almaricus : — Amalri, Amauri, 
Aumary, Emery. 

Alnoua : — 

Aloysius : — Lewis. 

Alphesia : — 

Alricus : — Elfric. 

Aluinus : — Aylwin. 

Aluredus : — Alfred. 

Aluricus : — Elfric. 

Alyna : — Aline. 

Amabilia, Amabilla : — Mabel. 

Amarius, Amauricus. See 

Almaricus. 
Ambrosius : — Ambrose, 



Amerigus : — Emery. 

Amfelisa : — Amphyllis. 

Amfridus : — Amphrey. 

Ami a : — Amy. 

Arnica : — Amy. 

Anuria : — Amice. 

Amiciua : — Amyas. 

Amiotus : — Amyot. 

Amiria : — 

Amisius : — Amyas. 

Ampholisa : — Amphyllis. 

Amyas : — Amie. 

Amyota : — Amy. 

Anabilia : — Ariable, Annabell. 

Anania : — a feminine name. 

An astasia : — Anastese, Anas- 

tasse. 
Andreas : — Andrew. 

Andrina : — 

Anelauus : — Anlaf. 

Anfredus : — Amphrey. 

Angilbertus : — Engelbert. 

Angnes : — Agnes, Annes. 

Aniana : — 

Anianus : — Agnan. 

Anicia : — Annis. 

Ankareta : — 

Anna : — Anne. 

Annora : — 

Aphabelm : — Affabell. 

Apre : — Evre. 

Apsolo : — Absalom. 

Araldus : — Harold. 

Arcturns : — Arthur. 

Aredius : — Yrier. 



Latin Christian Names, 



453 



Ariyius : — Areg. 


Basolus : — Basle. 


Armetrua : — Eraientrude. 


Batillda : — Bautour, Bate. 


Ar tortus : — Arthur. 


Baaclerus : — 


Ascelina : — 






Baudivinus : — Baldwin. 


Ascelota : — 




Athelina : — 


Beanus : — Beyn. 


Auanus : — Afan, Avail. 


Beatricia, Beatrix : — Beatrice, 




Betune, Bete. 


Aubereya, Aubraya : — Aubrey. 




Aubreia : — Aubrey. 


Bey a : — Bees. 


Auda : — 


Belebora : — 


Audebertus : — Aubert. 


Benedictus : — Bennet ; Berachyah 




(a Jewish name). 


Audoenus, Audoinus : — Owen. 


\ / 




Benigna : — 


Audomarus : — Omer. 






Bercarius : — Bercaire. 


Auelina : — Aveline. 




Auericus : — Aver\\ 


Bernacus : — Brynach. 




Bemardus : — Bernard, Brian 


A nfr tea : — M Lfrith . 


(Irish). 


Auyerus : — Ogier (?). 


Beuicius : — Be vis. 


Augulus : — Aule. 


Blaceus, Blasius : — Blaise. 


Auyustinus : — Austin. 


Bledhericus : — Bledri. 


Auicia: — Avis, Aviee. 


Boyo : — Boeges, Beges, Bevis, 


Aumaricus. See Almarivus. 


Bew. 


Aumjlesi<<, Aunfelisa : — Am- 


Boidinus : — 


phyllis. 


Bonabulus : — 


Auntelina : — 


Bonus Amicus : — Bonamy 


Austreyisilius : — Outrille. 


(Jewish). 


Aymericus : — Ayiner. 


BotihV : — Same as Batillda (?). 




Brechattus : — Brychan. 


B. 


Bricius : — Brice. 




Brictina : — 


Baclerus : — 


Briyida, Briyitta :— Bridget, 


Batmbulus : — 


Bride. 


Burbeta, Barbota : — 


Briocus : — Brieu. 


Bartholomccus : — Bartholomew. 


Brithena : — 


Basil ia : — Basile. 


Brito : — 


Basilius : — Basil. 


Brunellas : — Burnell. 



454 



The Record Interpreter. 



Burg a : — 

Burna : — Bruna (?). 

Buticia : — 

Bya\— 

C. 

CcBcilia : — Cecily, Cecil. 

Ccecilius : — Cecil. 

Caius : — Kay. 

Caluarius : — Baldy (Irish). 

Carta : — 

Cananus : — Kynan. 

Canutus : — Cnut. 

Car annus : — Cerau. 

Carilefus : — Calais. 

Carolus : — Charles. 

Castanea : — Castan, Castane. 

Cedde : — Chad. 

Celestria : — (feminine). 

Celia : — Syly (Irish). 

Chagnoaldus, Chunulfus : — 
Cagnou. 

Chalactericus : — Caltry. 

Cher a : — (Jewish). 

Chetellus : — Ketel. 

Childeloua : — 

Chlodesindis : — Glossinde. 

Chlodualdus : — Cloust, Cloud. 

Christiana : — Christian. 

Chris Una : — Christine . 

Christophorus : — Christopher. 

Cissota : — Syssot. 

Claremunda : — 

Claricia : — Clarice. 



Claudius : — Clud, Clut. 

dementia : — Clemence. 

Clodulfus : — Clou. 

Colandus : — Colin. 

Colecta, Coleta : — Colette. 

Columbanus : — 

Columbina : — 

Columbus : — Columb, Colyn. 

Comitissa: — Ha-Nasiah (a 
Jewish name). 

Constantia : — Constance. 

Cosmas : — Come. 

Cresus : — Crease (Jewish). 

Cuenburga : — Cwenburg. 

Cunanus : — Cynan. 



D. 



Dametta, Damietta : — Damiot. 

Datius : — Dace. 

Denisia : — Deonise, Denyse, 
Dyot. 

Dermicius : — Dermot. 

Desiderata : — Desiree. 

Desiderius : — Didier, Dresery. 

DesiV :— 

Dionisia. See Denisia. 

Dionysius : — Denis. 

Diota : — Dyot. 

Direta : — 

Dominicus : — Dominick, Sunday. 

Domuelus : — Dogmael. 
Donatus : — Donagh, Donell. 
Dorothea : — Dorothy, Dolly. 



Latin Christian Names. 



455 



Dorotheus : — Dorothe. 

Dousa : — Douce. 

Draff o : — Drieu, Drue, Drew. 

Droco, Drogo :— Drieu, Drue, 
Drew. 

Druco : — Drue. 

Druetta : — 

Drugan : — Drue. 

Dubricius : — Dyfrig, Devereux. 

Dulcia, Dulicia :— Douce. 

Dulcibella : — Dowsabell. 

Dunechanus : — Duncan. 

Duuenaldus : — Donnell, Donald. 

Duuianus :— Dyfan. 

E. 

Eadburga : — Edborrow. 

Eadgitha : — Edith. 

Eadmundus : — Edmund. 

Eadwardus : — Edward. 

Ebba, Sancta : — St. Tabb. 

Eberhardus : — Erhard. 

Ebrulfus : — Evroul. 

Ebulo :— Eble, Eubold, Euball. 

Eda :— 

Edania : — Edene. 

Edckina : — 

Edelota :— Ydelot. 

Edeneuettus : — Edneved. 

Ederodus : — 

Edina :— 

Edit ha :— Edith, Edy. 

Edonia : — Edoyne. 

Edusa, Edussa : — 



Egelwinus : — Ailwin. 
Egidia : — Giles, Gille. 
Egidius : — Giles. 
Elena :-^Ellen. 
Elfleda :— Efflet. 
Elfredus : — Alfred. 
Elianora : — Eleanor. 
Elias : — Ellis. 
Eliphius : — Elof. 

Elisabetha : — Elizabeth, Isa- 
bella. 
Elisanta : — 

Elizeus, Ellicius : — Elys, Ellis. 
Elmiia : — 
Eltutus :— Illtyd. 
Ely as : — Ellis. 
Emelina : — Emily. 
Emericus : — Aymer, Emery. 
Emeterius : — Madir. 
Emicia : — Amice. 
Emicina : — 
Emmenia : — 
Emmota : — Emmotte. 
Eneas : — Einon. 
Engelerus : — 

Engelramus, Engelrannus, Enge- 
ramus : — Engelram, In- 
gram. 

Eniandus : — Enian. 

Ennes : — Agnes. 
Erminus : — Armin, Erme. 
Ernisius, Ernisus : — Ernest (?). 
Estrangia : — 
Estrilda, Estrulda : — 
Etha, Sancta: — St. Teath. 
Ethelburga : — Aubrey. 



456 



The Record Interpreter. 



Etheldreda, Eiheldritha : — Au- 
drey. Audrey is also used 
as a masculine name. 

Eua : — Eva, Eve. 

Eubulo. See Ebulo. 

Eado : — Eudes, Hudde. 

Eudoardus : — Edward. 

Eulalia : — Olaille. 

Eularia : — 

Euodius : — Yved. 

Euota : — Evette. 

Euphemia : — Effame. 

Euphronius : — Eufroy. 

Euphrosyne : — Euphroyne. 

Eusebia : — Ysoye. 

Enstachius : — Eustace. 

Eustathia : — 

Eustrichea : — 

Exclamodia : — 

Eymerus: — Imary. 

Ezota : — Isotte. 



F. 

Falcho : — Falk. 
Fallasius : — Fawke. 
Fanchea : — Fane. 
Fanus : — Fane. 
Felicia : — Felise, Phelyse. 
Felmeus : — Plielim. 
Femisia : — 

Ferchardus : — Farquhar. 
Fer minus : — (Jewish). 
Fiacrius : — Fiacre. 



Fides (gen. Fidis) \ — Faith. 
Fidolus : — Fale. 
Filamyna : — 
Fillet ta : — 
Fin a : — 
Fingola : — 
Fitzeus : — 
Flandrina : — 
Flodobertus : — Frobert. 
Florianora : — 
Fiorina : — 
Fluria : — . 
Folcho : — Fulk. 
Foulconus : — Fulk. 
Frambaldus : — Frambourd. 
Francisca : — Frances. 
Franciseus : — Francis. 
Francus : — Frank. 
Frarius : — (Jewish). 
Frethesauta : — Frideswide (?). 
Fridericus : — Frederick. 
Fulco : — Fulk. 
Fullanus : — Foignan. 
Fulqueyus : — Fulk, Fulcui. 
Furseus : — Fursey, Furce. 

G. 

Galfridus : — Geoffrey. 
Galia : — 
G alien a : — 
Galterus : — Walter. 
Gahvunus : — Gawain. 
Garinus : — Warin. 



Latin Christian Names. 



457 



Garsiana : — 

Gar tenet us: — Gratnach, Gratiiey. 

Gatifridus : — Geoffrey. 

Gnugericus: — Geri, Gerz. 

Gena : — 

Genesicus : — Genes. 

Genufeua: — Genevieve, Jenofeffe, 

Jenefefe. 
Genulfus : — Genou. 
Gerardus : — Gerard. 
Gerinns : — 
Germanus : — Germain, Garmon. 

Geroldus : — Gerald. 

Geruasius : — Gervase. 

Geua : — Eve. 

Gilebertus : — Gilbert. 

Gilemota : — Wilmot. 

Giliana : — 

Gilo :— Gilly. 

Gineura : — Guenever, Wenhover. 

Gislcbertus : — Gilbert. 

Gislenus : — Guislain. 

Gladusa : — Gladys. 

Glicerius : — Lizier. 

Goda : — 

Godefridus : — Godfrey. 

Godeheuta : — 

Godelacius : — Gutnlac. 

Godeleua : — 

Godescallus : — Godesealde. 

Godreda : — 

Godusa : — 

Goisfridus : — Geoffrey. 

Gondulfus : — Goudon. 



Gonnilda : — Gunhild. 

Gorreia : — Another form of God- 
reda. 

Goscelina : — Joscelyne. 

Goscelinus : — Joeelin. 

Gosfridus : — Geoffrey. 

Gouda : — 

Grahamus : — Graham. 

Gralandus : — 

Granta : — (Irish). 

Gratia : — Grace. 

Grijfinus : — Griffin, Griffith. 

Grimolfus : — Grimulf. 

Gualaricus : — Velery. 

Gualterus : — Walter. 

Guarinus : — Warin. 

Gudila : — Goule. 

Guendoloena, Guenliana : — 
Gwenllian. 

Guichardus : — Wicher. 

Guido : — Guy. 

Guillelmus, Gulielmus : — 
William. 

G uinailus : — Guenau. 

Gunnilda : — Gunhild. 

Gwendoloena : — Gwenllian. 



H. 

Habet : — 

Hadewisa : — 

Haluatheus : — 

Hamo : — Hamon, Ham. 

Haraldus : — Harold. 

Hasculfus : — Hascoil, Hasculf. 



458 



The Record Interpreter. 



Hawisia : — Hawis, Hays, Hawes. 

Heilewisa : — Helewis. 

Heleca : — 

Helena : — Helen. 

Helewisa : — Helewis, Helwis. 

Helewisus : — 

Helisanta : — 

Heltus : — Helt. 

Helyas: — Ellis. 

Hendricus, Henricus : — Henry. 

Hereweccus : — Hervey. 
Hermelandus : — Erbland. 
Hersius : — 
Herueius, Heruicius, Htruicus : — 

Hervey. 
Hieremias : — Jeremiah. 
Hieronymus : — Jerome. 
Hilaria : — Hillary. 
Hilarius : — Hillary. 
Hodierna : — 
Hoelus : — Howell. 
Hones ta : — Honesty. 
Honoria : — Honour. 
Hosto :■ — 
Huelina : — 
Hug a : — 
Hugo : — Hugh. 
Humelina : — 
Humetta : — 

Humfredus : — Humfrey. 
Hunniua : — Hunneve. 
Hychecosus: — 



Ibbota : — Ebote. 

Ibria : — 

Idaburga : — Edburge. 

Idonia : — Edene, Idoigne, Ideyn, 
Iden. 

Ignauus : — Ednevet. 

Ilaria. See Hilaria. 

II tutus :— llltyd. 

Imania : — Emma. 

Ingelata : — 

Ingeleramus, Ingelramus, Inyera- 
mus, higerramus: — Ingram. 

Ingelesia : — 

Ingoldus : — 

Ingulf us : — Ingolf . 

Ingusia : — 

Ionius : — Yon. 

Irilda : — 

Isabella : — Isabel, Elizabeth. 

Isamayo : — Ismay. 

Isilia : — 

Ismania : — Emma. 

Isolda, Isota :— Iseult, Isoude, 
Isote. 

Iterius : — 

luo: — Ives. 



Jacobus : — Jacob, James. 
Jacomyna : — Jacquemine. 
Jacquetta : — Jackett. 
Janbertus :— Janbryht. 



Latin Christian Names. 



459 



Janeta : — Janet, Janekin. 

Jerberga : — 

Jereuerdus, Jeruerdus : — Jor- 
werth. 

Jestinus : — Jestin. 

Joceus : — Joice. 

Jocosa : — Joice. 

Jodoca : — Joice. 

Jodocus : — Joice. 

Johanna: — Joan, Jane. 

Johannes : — John. 

Joldanus : — 

Jordana : — 

Joscelinus : — Grezelin. # 

Josias : — Josiah. 

Jouetta. See Juetta. 

Joylanus : — . 

Judas : — Jude. 

Judocus : — Josse. 

Juetta : — Jowet, Ivote. 

Juetus : — Jowett. 

Juyuetha : — Jowett. 

Juisa : — 

Julia : — Syly (Irish). 

Juliana : — Juliane, Gillian. 

Julita : — Juliet. 

Junana : — Jane. 

Jur sella, Jursola : — 

Justina : — Justine. 



K. 

Kananus : — Kynan. 
Ka naucus : — Gy nog . 



Karadocus : — Caradog. 
Kenanus : — Cianan. 
Kenewricus : — Cynvrig, Kenric. 
Kenoldus : — 
Kenulmus : — Kenelm. 
Killanus : — Killeen, Kylian. 



L. 

Laderena : — 

Latitia : — Lettice. 

Lancilottus : — Lancelot. 

Landebertus : — Lambert. 

Laua : — 

Laudus : — Lo. 

Laurentius : — Lawrence. 

Laureta : — 

Lecia : — Lettice (?). 

Leffeda : — 

Legardis : — 

Lena : — Short for Alina or 
Euelina. 

Leobinus : — Lubin. 

Leodgardus, Leodegarius : — Led- 
ger, Leger. 

Leonellus : — Lionel. 

Leouegarus : — Leofgar. 

Leouenothus : — Leofnoth. 

Lesquena : — 

Lessa : — 

Letia : — Lettice (?). 

Letitia : — Lettice. 

Letuaria : — 

Leubatius : — Leubasse. 



460 



The Record Interpreter. 



Leuca : — 



Leuclocus : — Llawddog, Lleud- 
dad. 

Leuelinus : — Llywelyn. 

Leuericus : — Leofric. 

Ley gar da : — 

Licinius : — Lezin. 

Licoricia. See Lyquiricia. 

Lieba : — 

Lielphardus : — Lifard. 

Ligerius : — Leger. 

Liniota : — 

Lionhardus : — Leonard. 

Lip vin us : — Leb win . 

Lorencia : — 

Lor eta : — 

Loueda : — Loveday, Lowday (f.). 

Luanus : — Lugid. 

Lucas : — Luke. 

Lucasius :— Luke, Lucas. 

Lucia : — Lucy. 

Ludouicus : — Ludwyke, Lewis. 

Luelinus : — Llywelyn. 

Lupentius : — Louvent. 

Lupillo : — 

Lupus : — Leu. 

Lyquiricia : — (Jewish). 



M. 

Mabilia, Mabilla :— Mabel. 
Macarius : — Macary. 
Machutus : — Mawe. 
Macia : — Same as Masvia. 



Madelgarius : — Mauger. 
Madelgisilus : — Maguil. 
Madocus : — Madog. 
Maggota : — Magote. 
Magnobodus : — Mainbeu. 
Magonius : — Mahon. 
Maidocus : — Madog. 
Mailgo : — Maelgwm. 
Makinus, Maldna : — 
Malachias : — Mai achy. 
Malculinus : — Malcolm. 
Malta : — 
Manautus : — Menauld. 

Mannicus : — Mannig. 

Manser us, Manser ius : — 
Manasser. 

Marcidfus : — Marculf, Marcoul. 
Marcus : — Mark. 
Margareta : — Margaret. 
Margeria : — Margery. 
Margota : — Margot. 
Maria : — Mary. 
Mariana : — Marion. 
Mar iota : — Mariot. 
Mart a : — Martha. 
Martia : — 
Mar tius : — Mars. 
Mascia : — 
Mascilia : — 
Mascria : — 

Mathias : — Macy, Mazy. 
Mathila : — 

Matilda, Matildis, Matillis:- 
Matilda, Maud, Malkin. 



Latin Christian Names. 



461 



Matthceus : — Matthew, Mawe in 
Yorkshire.* 

Matthias : — Matthias. 
Mauditus : — Mawe. 

Mauritius : — Maurice, Morris, 
Merrick. 

Mauritius : — Maurille. 

Maya : — May. 

Mazelina : — 

Meilerius : — Meilyr. 

Meliora : — 

Memmius : — Menge. 

Menautus : — Menauld. 

Mercia : — Mercy. 

Merdericus : — Merri. 

Mereducius : — Maredudd, Mere- 
dith. 

Mericia : — Mercy. 

Meruinus : — Mer vyn . 

Meuricius : — Meurug, Maurice, 
Morris. 

Meus : — (Jewish). 

Michaela : — 

Michaelis : — Michael. 

Mildonia : — 

Milesanta, Milesenta, Milicenta : 
— Midelsent, Millicent. 

Milo : — Miles. 

Mirabilla : — Mirabel. 

Miracula : — 

Misericordia : — Mercy. 

Mitricus : — Mitry, Merre. 



Modeua : — 
Mondena : — 

Mordacus : — Mordac. 

Moreducus :— Maredudd, Mere- 
dith. 

Moryanus : — Morgan. 

Morphita, last Abbess of Wher- 
well : — Morvethe. 

Motto (gen. Mottonis) : — 
Moyses : — Moses. 
Murdacus : — Murdoch. 
Muriella : — Muriel. 



N. 

Nalla : — 

Natalicia : — 

Natalis : — Noel. 

Nauerina : — 

Nesta : — Nest, Anneis. 

Nicasius : — Nicaise. 

Nicholaa : — Nichola, Nichole. 

Nicholaus : — Nicholas. 

Nicia : — 

Nicolaa : — Nicola, Nicole. 

Nicolaus : — Nicolas. 

Niyasia : — 

Nigellus : — Nigel, Niel. 

Normannus : — Norman. 



* There is also a feminine name, Mathue, which I have not found in 
Latin. 



462 



The Record Interpreter. 



0. 

Odo : — Eudes. 
Odomarus : — Otmar. 
Odonus : — Ede. 
Oeneus, Oenus : — Owen. 
Ogendus : — Ojant. 
Olaus : — Olaf, Olave. 
Olimpias (fern.) : — 
Oliua : — Olive. 
Orengia : — 
Orframina : — 
Oriolda : — 
Osillis (fern.) : — 
Otheus : — Otes. 
Otho :— Otes. 
Otto :— Otes. 
Owinus : — Owen. 

P. 

Paganus : — Pain, Payne. 
Palladius : — Palais, Padie. 
Pancratius : — Pancras. 
Pardulfus : — Pardou. 

Pascha, Paschasia : — Easter 

(fern.). 

Paternus : — Pad am. 

Pair ictus : — Patrick. 

Pauoltus : — 

Pelerina : — - 

Pericia : — 

Pero : — Piers. 

Petronilla : — Parnel, Pernell. 



Petrus : — Peter, Piers. 
Pheliona : — 
Pietancia : — 
Pigotus :--Pigot. 
Pipelota : — 
Plesancia : — 
Pontius : — Pounce. 
Preciosa : — 

Prejectus : — Prix, Prey. 
Protensia : — 
Prudentia : — Prudence. 



Q. 



Quaspatricius : — Grospatric. 



E. 

Rabotus : — Padbod. 

Radulfus : — Eandulf, Ealph, 
Eawlyn, Eades. 

Ragnobertus : — Eenobert. 

Raineta : — Eenee. 

Randolphus : — Eandolf, Eandal. 

Ranulfus : — Eanulf, Eandolf, 
Eandal. 

Reginaldus : — Eeginald, Eey- 
nold. 

Regulus : — Eule. 

Reiner us : — Eayner. 

Remigius : — Eemygie. 

Remunda : — Used for Clare- 
munda. 

Renula : — Eenell. 



Latin Christian Names. 



463 



Resus : — Rhys, Rice, Reece. 
Ricarda : — Ricarde. 
Ricardus : — Richard. 
Riceus : — Rhys, Rice, Rees. 
Richarda : — Richarde. 
Richerius : — Riquier. 
Richolda : — 
Risandina : — 
Roberga : — 
Roela : — 
Roesia : — Rose. 
Rogerus : — Roger, Roderick, 
Rory. 

Rogo : — Roges. 
Rohelendus : — Roland. 
Rosa : — Rose. 
Rosia : — Rose. 
Rothericus : — Roderick. 



S. 



Saddocus : — Sadoth. 

Saherus : — Saer, Saher. 

Saluius : — Sauge. 

Sapientia : — Wisdom. 

Sarina : — 

Sarra : — Sarah. 

Saswallo : — Sewell. 

Satiuola : — Sidwell, a saint to 

whom a church at Exeter is 

dedicated. 
Sauaricus : — Savary. 
Sauarus : — Saier. 
Scientia : — 
Scissibota : — 

Scolastica : — Escholace, Scolas. 
Secundinus : — Seachnal (Irish). 
Sedulius :— Siedhuil (Irish). 
Seisillus : — Seisyll, Cecil. 



Selota : — 

Semanus, Semannus : — Semeine. 

Seguanus : — Seine. 

Serlo : — Serle. 

Sescilia : — Cecily. 

Seivacus : — 

Sewallus : — Sewall, Sewell. 

Sexburga : — Sixburgh. 

Sibella :— Sybil. 

Sidneus : — Sidney. 

Sigga :— 

Sigo : — Seine. 

Siliadicua : — 

Siluanus : — Silas. 

Siluester (fern.) : — 

Similinus : — Semblin. 

Simonettus : — Simonett. 

Sindulfus : — Sendou. 

Slana : — (Irish). 

Solaria : — 

Sperabilis : — 

Stephanus : — Stephen. 

Sticlea : — 

iSuanus, Swanus : — Swein. 

Suspirus : — 

Symon : — Simon. 



T. 



Teca, Tecia : — 

Tecla : — 

Tedbaldus : — Theobald. 

Tedricus. See Teodoricus. 

Tela : — 

Teleaucus : — Teilo. 

Teodoricus : — Thierri, Terence, 
Terry. 

Terricus. See Teodoricus. 

Tetildis : — 



464 



>xo*Jv 



uo5 



The Record Interpreter. 



Teuredaucus : — Ty fry dog. 


Vitalis : — Viel ; Hagin (a Jewish 


Thadeus : — Thady. 


name). 


Thedridus : — 


Vodoalus : — Voel. 


Theida : — 


Vulstanus : — Wulfstan. 


Theobaldus :— -Theobald, Tybalt. 




Theodoricus : — Theodore, 


W. 


Terence, Terry. 


Theodorus : — Theodore, Tudor. 


Waco : — Wake. 


Theodulfus : — Thiou. 


Wa dinus : — Valentine . 


Theophania : — Tiff an y. 


Walaricus : — Veleri. 


Theophilus : — Teofle. 


Waldebertus : — Gaubert, Valbert. 


Therricus. See Theodoricus. 


Waldeuius : — Waldef, Wadef. 


Thomasina : — Thomasine, Tam- 


Waltheuus : — Waltheof. 


sin. 


Waridregisilus : — Wandril. 


Thurketillus : — Thurkell. 


Wanthana : — 


Timotheus : — Timothy. 


Warbora : — 


Tobias :— Toby. 


Wamerus : — Warner. 


Tudeleius : — 


Wenialus : — Guenau. 


Tunnota : — 


Wenliana : — Gwenllian. 


Turgiua : — 


Weruilla : — 


Turstanus : — Thurstan. 


Wido : — Guy. 




Wilhelmus : — William. 


U. 


Willelma : — Wilmyne, Wilmot. 


Willelmus : — William. 




Williametta : — Wilmot. 


Udalricus : — Ulric. 




UUtius :— TTlick, Willuk. 
Umfridus. Uvfridus: — Humfrey. 
Ur sella : — 


Winandus : — Wynkyn. 
WyUymota : — Welmet. 
Wymerca : — Wymark. 


y. 


Y. 


Vadinu8 : — Valentine. 


Y J aria : — Hillary. 


Vedastus : — Fauster, Foster. 


Ytho : — Ives. 


Villefredus : — Wilfrid. 


Yuo : — Ives, Yvon. 


Vincentius : — Vincent. 


Yuonus : — Ives. 



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1A160