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UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA 
AT LOS ANGELES 




TASMANIAN 




NOMENCLATURE 

WITH 

DATES AND ORIGINS 



Price, 6d. 

COMPILED BY 

J. MOORE-ROBINSON. 



Tasmania : 

The Mercury Printing Office, Macquarie Street, Hobart. 
1911. 



A RECORD 

OF 

TASMANIAN I 

* 

NOMENCLATURE 

WITH 
DATES AND ORIGINS 



COMPILED BY 

J. MOORE-ROBINSON. 



Tasmania : 

The Mercury Printimg Office, Macquarie Street, Hobart. 
1911. 



DLL 



f-p 



PREFACE 



This is an attempt on the part of the 
compiler to gather, for the first time, a 
record of the origins, meanings, and 
dates of the place names of Tasmania. 
Such a work has been done in some of 
the mainland States, but up to the pre- 
sent Tasmanians and their visitors have 
had to remain in ignorance of those 
things which form the subject matter 
of this work. The great bulk of it has 
already appeared in the columns of 
The Mercury," and, eliciting wide- 
spread interest, caused much corres- 
pondence of great value. To those 
who have assisted in this way, as well 
_5\ as to those who, by interpreting com. 

'- munications written in foreign lan- 
guages, or forwarding old records bear- 
ing on the subject helped the object in 
view, the compiler tenders his most 

fc hearty thanks. 

o The great difficulties of making a com- 
3plete compilation of this sort were not 

apparent until after the work was be- 
e* gun. Apart from tracing derivations 

along the lines indicated in the Histori- 
2 cal Introduction which follows, there 
z were, and still are, many doubts in re- 
^ gard to some of the best-known names. 

In some cases origins would appear to 

be absolutely clouded, while in others 
c reasonable conclusions arrived at are 
ac open to the charge of being unsupport- 
ed by direct evidence. For instance, 
^ ''The Hobart Town General Directory," 
s: published in 1847 by one "J. Moore" (and 
* kindly lent the compiler by Mr. A. 
* Courtney Pratt) sets out that a "Wil- 
p liam McRobie, mill owner," lived at 



440131 



4 TASMANTAN KuMENCLATURE. 

that time in Macquarie-street. There 
would appear to be litle doubt that 
McRobie s Gully derived its name from 
either this gentleman or a member of 
the family, but the compiler has been 
unable to obtain any direct proof to 
that effect. Similarly, Mr. J. S. Hamp- 
ton was "Comptroller-General of Con- 
victs" at that time. Was'Hampden-road 
named after him? Many other in- 
stances could be cited to the same 
effect. 

It is curious to note, too, the sys- 
teirs of nomenclature adopted by differ- 
ent persons. The early Governors 
largely adopted either personal names 
or place names familiar to them by 
early association as Bothwell, Launces- 
ton. and Perth. Some explorers drew 
on classic lore for their ourpose, and 
thus we have Mounts Olympus and Ida. 
and the River Styx. Others became 
reminiscent of Britain's wars, with the 
result that Tasmania has the Tnkerman 
River, Mt. Wellington, and Alma Range. 
Some turned their thoughts into the 
paths of research, and bestowed the 
names of great scientists, as Hartz, 
Darwin, Huxley, and others. Thus, 
the source of Tasmanian names is as 
puzzlincr as it is diversified. 

With all this in view, it is not sur- 
prising that absolute completeness has 
not been attained in this volume. It 
is, however, the intention of the com- 
piler to continue towards that end, and 
he will be much obliged if anyone, ob- 
serving errors or defects in these pages, 
or having knowledge 'of places not in- 
corporated in them, will forward the 
information. Such matter may be ad- 
dressed to the compiler, c'o "The Mer- 
cury" Office, riobart. and will be used 
in later editions of this work. 



TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE 5 

HISTORICAL INTRODUCTION 

(By Thomas Dunbabin, B.A. (Oxon.) 

The nomenclature of Tasmania is of 
a somewhat confusing; character. It is 
only to be expected that English place- 
names should, as is the case through- 
out Australia, predominate. Mixed 
with these, however, are a number of 
names borrowed, more or less correctly, 
from the language of the aborigines of 
Tasmania, that isolated and exceeding- 
ly primitive portion of the human race 
which appears to have occupied Tas- 
mania undisturbed for a long period 
prior to the coming of the Europeans. 
There are two other elements which go 
to form part of the place-names of Tas- 
mania, the French and the Dutch. The 
key to the seemingly somewhat hap- 
hazard distribution of these names lies, 
of course, largely in the history of- Tas- 
mania, though it would not always be 
safe to say, for instance, that a French 
name must necessarily have been given 
by a Frenchman or a Dutch name by 
a Dutchman. The names of Mounts 
Zeehan and Heemskirk, for example, 
were given, not by Tasman, but by 
Flinders, long afterwards, in memory 
of Tasman's vessels. 

Subject to all due reservations and 
cautions we can trace the progress of 
the old navigators and of the explora- 
tion of Tasmania by the names along 
her coasts. First of all came the Dutch, 
who paid one brief visit, but loft, as is 
only fair, seeing that they were thp 
discoverers, their mark upon the map 
for ever. The whole island was long 
known by the name of the Governor 
who sent out Tasman from Batavia, 



6 TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 

Anthony Van Diemen, and it lost this 
only to have it replaced by a name 
derived from that of Tasman, the dis- 
coverer. Some dozen well-known 
names along the coast from Maatsuyker 
to Schouten Island, both named after 
members of the Dutch Council of the 
Indies serve to remind us that Tasman 
came, not from Holland but from the 
Dutch colonies in the Malay Archi- 
pelago. These we owe to Tasman him- 
self. There are also Storm Bay and 
Maria Island and Frederick Henry Cape 
and Bay even if the name has in the 
latter instance been mistakenly trans- 
ferred to a bay which Tasman never 
saw. 

First after Tasman ca<me the French, 
with the English treading close upon 
their heels, and expeditions represen- 
tative of these two nations completed 
the exploration of our coasts, and in- 
cidentally the naming of them. In this 
latter competition the English had 
something of an advantage since they 
spoke the tongue of the people who were 
to settle in Tasmania. The first French 
expedition, that of Marion du Fresne 
in 1772 only followed in Tasman's track, 
and for this reason it Avas probably that 
Marion gave no names, though his own 
has since become attached to the bay 
in which he anchored. Next year came 
the English Captain Tobias Furneaux, 
whose memory and that of his ship 
should be kept green by the Furneaux 
Islands and Adventure Bay, while 
Frederick Henry Bay perpetuates a mis- 
take of his, and the Bay of Fires re- 
calls the fire and smoke which the na- 
tives raised as he sailed along the coast. 

Still, allowing for these and a few 
others, there are but few names which 
can be traced back to Furneaux or to 
his greater companion, Cook, who put 
into Adventure Bay on his last voyage. 



TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 7 

The case is otherwise with the French 
expedition commanded by Bruny D'En- 
trecasteaux, which in 1792-1793 made 
the first fairly comolete survey of our 
south-eastern coasts, and left them 
studded with names familiar to all of 
us besides many more which have given 
place to English names. There are 
Recherche Bay and Port Esperance, 
which bear the names of the French 
ships, Bruny Island and D'Entrecas- 
teaux Channel, which have those of the 
commander himself, the Huon River, 
Cape Raoul, and a number of other 
names. 

Close after D'Entrecasteaux came the 
Englishman Hayes, who left his mark 
on the same part of the island as his 
predecessor. The Frenchmen's Riviere 
du Nord gave place to his Derwent, and 
many other names well-known to all 
Hohart people were first given by Hayes, 
while Clarence Plains keeps green the 
names of hig ships. 

Next after Hayes came another ex- 
pedition, not like that of Hayes, from 
India, but from Sydney, the circumnavi- 
gating expedition of Bass and Flinders 
in 1798 The names of both Bass and 
Flinders are writ large on the map of 
Tasmania, and to the sloop in which 
they sailed we owe the name of Norfolk 
Bay. which has ousted its French com- 
petitor. Flinders's generous recognition 
of the work of earlier navigators has put 
on our map the names of Tasman's 
ships and preserved several French 
names which were in danger of being 
lost. 

To the earlier visit of one other Eng- 
lish navigator in the 18th century, Cox, 
we owe the names of Cox Bight and one 
of the Oyster Bays which now appear 



8 TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 

upon the map. Two or three names in 
the Straits Islands date from the loss 
there of the ship Sydney Cove, bound 
from Calcutta to Sydney in 1797, just 
as the Actaeon reefs and other names 
preserve the memory of later wrecks 
upon our coasts. 

With the opening of the 19th century 
came the last French exploring expedi- 
tion and the names which date from the 
careful charting of the eastern coasts of 
the island made by Baudin and his com- 
panions may fairly be called legion, even 
now that some of them are no longer 
used, i he name of Freycinet replaced 
Tasman's Van der Lyn, when the 
French Droved that what the Dutchman 
took to be an island was a peninsula, 
and the name of Forestier's Peninsula 
reminds us that it was this expedition 
which first proved the existence of this 
peninsula as we now know it. 

With the departure of Baudin in 
1802, the history of Tasmanian explora- 
tion from without comes practically to 
an end. The explorations of Flinders 
and liass were not the only ones carried 
out in Tasmanian waters by vessels from 
Sydney, and the names of King and 
Hunter Islands remind us of the connec- 
tion of the early Governors of New 
South Wales with this work. It was 
Kin" too, who in 1803 sent those who 
founded the first regular settlement in 
Tasmania, and from this dates the be- 
ginning of the second stage of Tas- 
manian history, that of a British settle- 
ment dependent on J\ew South Wales. 
From this connection it comes that the 
names of Governor Macquarie and his 
wife, in various forms, are writ so large 
on. the map of Tasmania as well as on 
that of New South Wales. 



Tasmanian Nomenclature 

ACTION REEFS. These were ob- 
served by all the early explorers, but 
D'Entrecasteaux named them the Sterile 
Islands. They owe their present name 
to Scott, in consequence of the loss of 
the ship Actseon on the reef. 

Mr. Robt. R. Rex writes: "I have 
the following particulars about the 
wreck of the Actseon in one 
of my papers of .November 2, 
1822: 'On Thursday night, Captain 
Mackey, commander of the ship Act- 
seon, came up to nort in the ship's long- 
boat, bringing the melancholy intelli- 
gence of the wreck of that vessel, which 
unfortunately, struck on a reef at 
twelve o'clock at night on Saturday 
last, between the South Cape and the 
entrance of D'Entrecasteaux Channel, 
where she now lays, having driven very 
near to a small island, bilged. Cap- 
tain Mackey left the vessel on Monday 
last, his chief officer and European part 
of the crew remaining on the island 
contiguous to and in charge of the 
wreck. We are happy to state that no 
lives were lost, and that there is every 
reason to believe the major part of the 
cargo, consisting of salt pork, spirits, 
wines, soa" and piece goods, as well 
as the wreck of the ship, will be saved 
if the weather continues favourable. 
The Actseon came from the Isle of 
France, which she left the 6th Septem- 
ber.' " 

ARTHUR RIVER was named by M, 
H. Hellyer, a surveyor, in 1827. The ex- 
plorer wrote in his narrative: "I have 
taken the liberty of calling this largi. 
river the Arthur, in compliment to His 
Excellency the Lieutenant-Govemor of 
Van Diemen'e Land. . . ." The abon- 



10 TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 

ginal name for the river is Tunganrick. 
(H. S. Innes.) The Arthur, however, had 
been entered by Lieut. Hobbs in 1824. 

ADVENTURE BAY received its 
name from the ship of Captain Tobias 
Furneaux, who in 1778 visited the local- 
ity, and anchored in the bay. 

ADAMSON'S PEAK. A prominent 
eminence in the south-west, named by 
Captain John Hayes in 1794. It has 
itn altitude of 4,017ft. 

AGNES RIVULET. This was discov- 
ered by M. Peron (the naturalist of 
Baudin's expedition of 1802), and nam- 
ed the Fleurieu River. The Australian 
Directory thus marks it, and so did 
Franklaiid (1839 and 1859), and Knight 
(1849). Sprent, however, in 1858 
thought fit 1o alter the name to Agnes 
Rivulet. 

ANTILL PONDS .-So named by 
Governor Macquarie in memory of 
Major Antill, of the 48th Regiment. (G. 
Wk. Rex). 

ANDERSON'S OKREK (west of the 
Tamnr) was discovered by Ensign Pi pier 
in 1305, while exploring westward f' - o:n 
the York-town settlement. He named 
it after his Comrade. Ensign Anderson, 
who had previously sailed with him in 
the schooner Integrity 

BASS STRAITS, named after Dr. 
George Bass, surgeon of H.M.8. Reli- 
ance, who accompanied Flinders on the 
memorable voyage in the sloop Norfolk, 
which determined that Tasmania was 
not portion of the mainland, as hitherto 
supposed. The sloop left Sydney on 
October 7, 1798. Flinders generously 
recommended Governor Hunter to he- 
stow the name of his companion on the 
strait, that being, as he wrote in his 
journal, "no more than a just tribute 
to my worthy friend and companion for 
the extreme dangers and fatigues he has 



TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 11 

undergone." This was in reference to 
Bass's previous adventurous voyage of 
twelve weeks from Sydney in an open 
whaleboat, when, he discovered Wilson's 
Promontory (Vie.). 

BISCHOFF, Mount, named by Mr. 
James Sprent (Surveyor-General), in 
1843, in honour of Mr. James Bischoff, 
who had been chairman of the V-D.L. 
Co. in 1828. The famous tin mine was 
discovered by Mr. James (Philosopher) 
Smith on December 4, 1871. Actual 
work was begun 12 months later. The 
Mount Bischoff Tin Mining Company 
was formed in 1873, and the company 
began operations in September of that 
year. The tramway to Emu Bay was 
opened early in 1878. 

BSLACKMAN'S BAY, the original 
Fredrik Hendrik Bay of Tasman, who 
in 1642 (December 1) anchored there. It 
was to the shores of this 'bay that Tas- 
man's carpenter, Peter Jacobsen, swam 
on December 3, I&t2, when he planted the 
Dutch flag. Mr. T. Dun'ba'bin writes: 
"The Fredrik Hendrik Bay of Tasman 
was not our Frederick Henry Bay, but 
either what we now call Marion Bay, or 
the adjacent Blackman's Bay, the name 
being written in the latter in Tasman's 
chart as reproduced by Vallentyn. The 
transference of the name to the present 
Frederick Henry Bay, which Tasman 
never saw, is due to a mistaken identifi- 
cation by Matthew Flinders. When he 
wrote the introduction to his 'Voyage to 
Terra Australia' (published in 1814) Flin- 
ders had found out his mistake, but it 
seems to have got too long a start." 
There is room for some doubt as to 
where Tasman really did anchor. It is 
held by many that his anchorage was 
in Marion Bay, which see. 

BATHTTBST HAUBOTJK (Port Davey), 
discovered by Capt. J. Kelly in 1815, and 
named by him after Lord Bathurst, the 



12 TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 

then Secretary of State for the Colonies. 
(H. S. Innee.) 

BIRCH'S INLET (Macquarie Harbour) 
was named after Mr. T. W. Birch, oJ 
Hobart Town, by Capt. Kelly, in 1815.- 
(H. 8- limes.) 

BUCKINGHAM (County) was named 
by Governor King in 1804. It then com- 
prised that half of the island south of 
the 42nd parallel of south latitude. His 
Excellency called it after a county of 
England. 

BROWN'S RIVER (Kingston), famous 
for a particuJar sort of potato, which in 
the "eighties" was the most popular in 
Tasmania. "Promenalinah" is the native 
name for the river. Mr. T. Dunbabin 
writes: "As a respectable and likely 
godfather for Brown's River, I shouid 
suggest Robwt Brown, the botanist, who 
accompanied Flinders on his voyage in 
the Investigator. He spent several months 
at the Derwent settlement in 1804, and 
made two expeditions to the southward of 
Hobart, in one of which he got no further 
than the North- West Bay Rivulet, while 
in the second he reached the Huon. I 
do not know, however, that it is any- 
where recorded that this river was named 
after him. A 'Dick Brown's River' is 
mentioned in the 'Hobart Town Gazette' 
of 1821, but, if I remember rightly, this 
was the original name of the river, re- 
christened in 1821 as the Ouse." (Ac- 
cording to W.iiker's "Early Tasmania," 
page 270. the original name of the Ousc 
was the "Big River," from which the 
"Ei<j; River" tribe of aborigines received 
their name.) The name was never offi- 
cially given, but just came into genera] 
use. It was called after Mr. Robert 
Brown, the celebrated botanist, who made 
the first exploration from Sullivan's Cove, 
after the settlement had been formed by 
Collins. "Mr. Brown arrived at the Der- 
went in the Lady Nelson early in Febru- 
ary, 1804, and .returned to Port Jackson 
in the Ocean on 9th .August of the same 
year." (Walker's "Early Tasmania," page 



TASMANIAN NOMENCLATIVE. 13 

76.) He made two excursions up the Der- 
went towards its source, and two south 
from Hobart. In the first of the latter 
he crossed Brown's Kiver, and got as far 
as North- West Bay. On the second at- 
tempt he, in company with Mr. Humph- 
reys (the geologist) left Hobart on May 1, 
and after an absence of two weeks and 
two days, returned, haying reached the 
Huon. '"The river at Kingston was call- 
ed Mr. Brown's Kiver for a long time." 
(J. W. Beattie.) 

BFENIE (Emu Bay). in 1828 Mr. J. 
H. Wedge, a surveyor appointed by the 
Government to report on the V.D.L. land 
concessions advised the Government to 
reserve land at Emu Bay for a township, 
on the ground that Emu Bay, Circular 
Head, and Cape Grim were the only pos- 
sible shelters for shipping on the North- 
West Coast. The report was not adopted, 
and the V.D.L. Co. occupied the area. It 
< - as laid out by Surveyor Cannon, and 
named after William Burnie, a director 
of the V.D.L. Co. 

BOTHWELL, named by Governor 
Arthur. Mrs. L. M. Reid (of Ratho) 
has written : "Governor Arthur was 
dining at Dennistoun with Cap- 
tain Wood (father of Mr. J. 
D. Wood), who had invited Cap- 
tain Langdon, Mr. A. McDow- 
all, and old Mr. Reid to meet him. 
At that time the Clyde River was call- 
ed Tat Doe River.' The Governor 
was asked to name two townships, and 
suggested that "as most of the gentle- 
men in this part of the country are 
Scotchmen," one township should be 
called Bothwell on the Upper Clyde, 
and the other Hamilton on the Lower 
Clyde. Thus the Fat Doe River became 
the Clyde." Mrs. Ibbott, of Strathbar- 
ton, writes that Captain Langdon did 
not arrive in the district for many years, 
and that it was Mr. Patpn, who was of 
the above party. She gives the date as 
1825. 



14 TASMAMAN NOMENCLATURE 

I am afraid (writes Mr. T. Dunbab- 
in.) that Mrs. Reid's interesting anec- 
dote of the way in which Governor 
Arthur came to name the Clyde is not 
historically correct, as this name was 
given to the river when Arthur was 
probably away in Honduras, and at a 
date when Lieutenant-Governor Sorell 
held sway in Tasmania, subject to the 
superior jurisdiction of Governor Mac- 
quarie. The river was certainly called 
the Fat Doe River in the very early 
days, but it was rechristened the Clyde 
in 1821, a fact mentioned in the Ho- 
bart Town "Gazette" of about that 
period. Governor Macquarie visited 
Tasmania in 1821, and I should think 
it very probable that it is to him that 
the names Clyde, Hamilton, and Both- 
well are due. He had a fancy for 
naming places, and was fond of Scotch 
names. It is nossible that Arthur ma\> 
have named the two townships under 
the circumstances related, though one 
imagines that Hamilton, at least, 
would have got to itself a name before 
he came to Tasmania. Perhaps it did 
have an earlier name. 

Mr. T. Menzie-Miller writes: "Re 
Bothwell. and the account of the origin 
of this name by Mrs. L. M. Reid, late 
of Ratho, Mr. T. Dunbabin rather 
doubts this account, and thinks it a 
pretty story containing more senti- 
ment than truth. His doubts have not 
served in bringing to light any other 
explanation I believe Mrs. Reid's ac- 
count to be true, and therefore the 
only explanation procurable. I am a 
Both wel lite, and remember years ago 
hearing the same story from some of 
the oldest inhabitants, now long since 
dead. Thf names of the Bothwell 
streets verify Mrs. Reid's statements. 
I believe Mitchell's 'Jail Journal' (The 



TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE 15 

Irish Exile) mentions something about 
the origin of Bothwell. w 

In reference to the letter of Mr. 
Menzie-Miller regarding the origin of 
the name of Bothwell (writes Mr. T. 
Dunbabin), I was led to have some 
doubts as to Mrs. Reid's account be- 
cause that part of it which refers to the 
naming of the Clyde River is incorrect, 
that river having been so named long 
before Governor Arthur came to Tas- 
mania. Mr. Miller thinks that Mrs. 
Reid's account is true, and the only ex- 
planation procurable. Things would 
be comparatively simple if the true ac- 
count were always the only one pro- 
curable, but very often it is easier to 
procure accounts which are not true. 
Confirmation by the "oldest inhabi- 
tants," though admissible as evidence, 
by no means settles i.Ve question. Per- 
haps Mrs. Reid also heard the story 
from the oldest inhabitants, or vice 
versa, or both may be derived from a 
common source. I should be glad to 
know in what way the names of the 
Bothwell streets verify Mrs. Rid's 
story. I have previously suggested 
that Mrs. Reid's account may be sub- 
stantially correct, but that the date 
and the ascription of the name to Go- 
vernor Arthur is a mistake. The Clyde 
got its present name, as contemporary 
records prove, in 1821. I have no evi- 
dence to offer to show that Bothwell 
was named in the same year, but it 
seems not unlikely. 

Mr. A. A. Reid, of Ratho, Bothwell, 
writes: "I see that what my mother 
(Mrs. Reid) wrote about the origin of 
the names of Bothwell and Hamilton 
has been questioned bv Mr. Dunbabin. 
Her remarks were taken from the re- 
miniscences of my father's sister, who 
came out with her parents from Scot- 
land, arriving in Tasmania in March, 



16 TASMANIAN (NOMENCLATURE. 

1822. Some of these reminiscences of 
hers appeared in 'Dalgety's Review' 
about nine years ago April, 1902 and 
I quote from this paper the part refer- 
ring to Bothwell's name : 'A township 
had been laid out even before the ar- 
rival, in 1825, of Colonel Arthur, the 
Governor who succeeded Colonel Sorell ; 
surveyed by Mr. T. Scott, the principal 
street, that leading up to the church, 
being called after my father, Alexander 
street, the other Patrick-street, after 
Mr. Wood. . . The township receiv- 
ed its name from Colonel Arthur, who 
was dining at Dennistoun, and my 
father, Mr. McDonald, and Dr. Paton, 
all Captain Wood's guests. He asked 
them to suggest a suitable name for 
the village that was in progress, and 
after several had spoken, he himself 
asked if Bothwell would not be suitable, 
as being quite a Scotch district then, 
and on the banks of the Clyde, and 
Hamilton for the township on the 
Lower Clyde.' The reference to the 
Clyde goes to prove that River Clyde 
was named before this event, and so it 
is quite possible it may have been so 
named in 1821, as Mr. T. Dunbabin 
says." 

BISMARCK. As far as I can ascer- 
tain, Bismarck was originally named 
Sorell Creek. When the Post Office 
was established it was thought advis- 
able that there should be a more dis- 
tinct name. At that time foreigners 
were principally located here, and the 
name "Bismarck" was chosen. (W. H. 
Hickman.) 

BETSY ISLAND was discovered by 
D'Bntrecasteaux in 1793, and named Wil- 
lauiretz Island. Hayes called it Betsv 
Island, and this was adopted by Flinders, 
who thought the name too well known for 
any change to be made. It is now called 
Franklin Island (after Governor Franklin) 
on Tasmanian charts, bxit Betsy on Eng- 



TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 17 

lish and French maps. 'Cross in 1838 
wished to revive the name oi Willaumet/, 
so transferred the name to the little islet 
to the south oi Betsy, but spelled the 
name "Willaumes." "The following year 
the same 'cartographer made the name 
into Willams, which it has retained up 
to the present. On Australian maps we 
have Williams Islet, which is not marked 
on English maps, but on French charts 
it is called Betsy's Islet (Comte de 
Fleurieu). The aborigines called it 
"Temeletta." "The discoverer of Bet- 
sy's Island was Willaumez, one of D'En- 
trecasteaux's officers, who, in 1793, passed 
between it and South Arm. It was named 
afte\r Willaumez by the French, but in 
1794 Hayes called it Betsy's Island. It 
seems rather hard if both these names 
are to be superseded by a third given 
nearly half a century later." (T. Dmi- 
babin.) 

One of the officials at the Public Li- 
brary has (writes Mr. T. Dunbabin) 
pointed out to me that in an article 
on Hobart contributed by the Rev. R. 
D. Poulett-Harris to Cassell's "Pic- 
turesque Australasia" (published in 
1887) it is stated that the correct name 
of Betsey's Island is Betts's Island, 
the first owner having been a person of 
the name of Betts. Popular usage 
has sanctioned a different spelling." I 
imagine that this derivation was a 
guess and no evidence is adduced in 
supoort of the statement. As the 
name was given by Hayes, we would 
have to suppose that he found Mr. 
Betts in possession of the island in 
1794, and christened it after him. oi 
perhaps adopted a name previously 
given by this hypothetical first settler 
in Tasmania. That a white man had 
already found his way there in 1794 
is, of course, not impossible, though 
it seems highly improbable. One is 
tempted to invent a little romance, and 
to suppose that Mr. Betts, "the first 



18 TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 

owner," has a daughter named Betsey 
Betts, and that Hayes, smitten by her 
charms, gave the name of Betsey's 
Island to her island home, which the 
old man had called after . himself. 
Beits's Island. It would be very much 
like the oft-repeated story that Tas- 
man named Maria Island and divers 
other places after his inamorata the 
daughter of Anthony Van Diemen, and 
not less true. 

BEAOONSFIELD, originally known as 
Cabbaga Treo Hill. When gold was dis- 
covered, in 1870, in the vicinity, it was 
called Brandy Creek, bat the present 
name was substituted by Governor Weld 
in March, 1879, after the famous stat38- 
man. Gold was first found in the alluvial 
as early as 1857 (Fenton), but Mr. Win. 
Dally in 1877 discovered an auriferous 
reef, which led to development of the 
more stable industry 

BRISBANE-STREET (Hobart and 
Launceston) received their names from 
Sir Thomas Brisbane, Governor in 
New South Wales in 1822. Brisbane was 
a Presbyterian, and gave considerable 
aid in the establishment of a Scotch 
Church in Tasmania. The first Presby- 
terian Church service was held by the 
Key. A. MacArthur on January 13, 1823. 

BEN LOMOND (native name "Toor- 
bunna"). The mountain, which is 
6,010ft. high, was discovered and chart- 
ed at a very early date. A rough 
sketch of it appears in a field book of 
Surveyor-General Grimes, dated 1807. 
The book is in the possession of the 
Lands Department. 

Flinders in his "Voyage to Terra Aus- 
tralis, published in 1814, "states that 
Ben Lomond (or, as he calls it, Ben- 
lomen) was named by Colonel Paterson, 
who, in 1804, founded the first settle- 
ment in Northern Tasmania, and was 
for some time thereafter Lieutenant- 
Governor of the Northern part of the 



TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 1U 

island. Flinders also states that the 
mountain was seen, though not named, 
during the circumnavigation of Tas- 
mania in the Norfolk in 1798-1799. 
(T. Dunbabin.) 

BOOBYALLA. A native word, mean- 
ing "seaside" (Dr. Milligan). It has 
been given to the shrub so well-known 
on Tasmanian coasts. 

BOND'S PEAK. Named after J. 
Bond, one of the early directors of the 
V.D.L. Co. 

BORRODAILE PLAINS. On the 
V.D.L. Co.'s road to Middlesex. Nam- 
ed by Fossey after W. Borrodaile, a 
directoi of the V.D.L. Co. (Now 
wrongly spelt on the Government 
charts.) 

BLYTHE RIVER. See Cam River. 

BOREEL ISLAND (now known as 
The Friers'), off Bruni, so called after 
a member of the Council of the Dutch 
East India Government by Abel Jan 
Tasman. 

BURNETT POINT. This seems to 
be the Point Rossel of D'Entrecasteaux. 

BAY OF FIRES So named by Lady 
Franklin during a trip through the 
country with her husband, Governor 
Franklin. It was named because at the 
time of the visit the surrounding coun- 
try was all alight. (Robina Hodgman.) 

If the Bay of Fires spoken of in the 
article of September 9 be the bay to 
the south of the Eddystone, the name 
was certainly not originally given by 
Lady Franklin in 1839, or at any other 
time. The name was originally given 
by Captain Tobias Furneaux during his 
run up the East Coast in 1773, no doubt 
from the numerous smokes which he saw 
along the coast, which led him, as he 
says in his account of the voyage, to 



20 TASMANIAN 'NOMENCLATURE. 

conclude that the country was thickly 
inhabited. It would appear from Fur- 
neaux's chart that the name was intend- 
ed to apply to the whole indentation 
between St. Helens Point on the south 
and Eddystone Point on the north, both 
these being names given by Furneaux 
(T. Dunbabin). 

Since Mr. Dunbabin's remarks on the 
Bay of Fires (writes llobina Hodgman), 
I have turned up old notes taken from 
information given by the late Mrs. 
Henry Allison, and find in relation to 
this: "Lady Franklin said, we shall 
call this place 'The Gardens,' and they 
spent some time in the bay, which she 
said could only be called the Bay of 
Fires, for the country all round the 
shore was alight." Does Mr. Dunbabin 
know, when this small bay was first dis- 
tinguished as the Bay of Fires, anart 
from Boat Harbour, and the other bays 
now named separately between St. 
He-lens Point and Eddystone? 

BELLERIVE Said to have been 
named by Lieut. Edward Lord, having 
been previously known as Kangaroo 
Point (anonymous.) The latter name, 
however, was preserved and used fre- 
quently to a much later date. Lieut. 
Lord came to Hobart in February, 
1804, in command of the guard of 
marines in the ship Ocean, from Port 
Phillip, which also carried Lieut.-Col. 
David Collins, the founder of Hobart. 

BRIDGEWATER A correspondent 
writes : "I wish some one could say 
how Bridgewater got its name. Two 
years ago I wrote to the late Edward 
Stanfield, of Green Point (the property 
has belonged to Stanfields since 1807-8), 
and I thought he Avould know. He did 
not. He only knew, as my father has 
told me, that this place was called 
Bridgewater years before there was a 



TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 21 

bridge. My father went to England 
in 1847. and he saw for the first time 
a drawing with plans of the Bridge- 
water bridge in the Exhibition of 1851. 
He returned to Tasmania in 1853. They 
were then using the old bridge, which 
was removed some 12 or 13 years ago." 
In reference to a question by a cor- 
respondent as to the origin of the name 
Bridgewater, which is stated to have 
been given to the place long before 
there was any bridge there, it seems 
possible that it was named after 
Bridgewater. in Somerset, with which 
the North Bridgewater children ex- 
changed flags some time ago. South 
Bridgewater was originally called the 
Black Snake. I think that the old inn 
there was long known by that name, 
but when the change was made to South 
Bridgewater I cannot say. Brighton 
was given its present name by Gover- 
nor Macquarie during his last visit to 
Tasmania in 1821, if my memory serves 
roe rightly. Perhaps ne named North 
Bridgewater at the same time. (T. 
Dunbabin.) 

BAILLY CAPE. So named by Bau- 
din, in 1802. 

BOULANGER CAPE. Named by 
Bandin in 1802. It is sometimes called 
Coxcomb Head, from the name given 
by Flinders to Cape Mistaken. Its 
position has been altered in modern 
maps and placed too much to the east. 
Tliis error is probably due to Arrow- 
smith's chart. (Comte de Fleurieu.) 

BRUNI ISLAND. The honour of 
discovery must be accorded to Tasman, 
who sailed Into Storm Bay in 1642. The 
next casual visitors were Furneaux 
(1773), Cook (1777), Cox (1789), and 
Bligh (1788 and 1792), and then 
came the French Admiral, Bruny 
D'Entrecasteaux, 150 years later, 



22 TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 

who, with his two vessels, the 
Recherche and the Esperance, made au 
accurate survey of the channel which 
bears his illustrious name, and gave the 
island his Christian name. This was 
in 17 ?2. Two years later came the 
Englishman, John Hayes, who, not be- 
ing aware of the great work accom- 
plished by D'Entrecasteaux, gave the 
name of William Pitt Island to the 
place. This, of course, was after Eng- 
land's "great Commoner." Subsequent 
csrtographers, however, iustlj recogrns- 
ed the Frenchman's pnor right, ancTthe 
island has never been known by any 
name other than the one given by D'Fn 
trectstea ux. The final vowel in the 
name was altered by a cal:gr;iph:c 
error early in the history c.f Tasmania, 
hut there are many persons who, recog- 
nising the undoubted right of the 
French Admiral's nomenclature, would 
be glad to see the original ni-lio^raphy 
authoritatively restored. It would be 
a simple ;ict of justice The native 
name for Bium Island was ''L"nawan- 
na-alonna." This name, in two sec- 
tions, is preferred in the island postal 
towns, Alonnah a-;d I>mawanna, the 
latter Lting t'lso a ward of the Bruni 
municipality. 

A correspondent writes. "There is 
an historic place on Bruni. between 
Mills Reef and Adventure Bay, where 
an old identity is said to have shot the 
blacks sitting round their campfire in 
the cave. I think there is only one 
person living who was a witness to that 
regrettable affair, the chief actor in 
which assisted Robinson in bringing in 
the blacks. The Bruni affair was by 
way of punishing the blacks for rob- 
bing Mount Royal signal station. They 
had two catamarans taken from them 
that they used to cross over the chan- 
nel. The catamarans were sent to Ho- 
bart, and were on view in Rotten Row 



TASMAMAN NOMENCLATURE. 23 

about the front of the New Market 
&ite, where in the early days vessels 
were put on the hard for repairs. At 
the time the beach went up to that 
place." 

BOUGAINVILLE CAPE, surveyed 
and named by Baudin in 1802. It is 
locally known as Lord's Bluff. (John 
Cotton.) 

BERNIER CAPE, locally known as 
Hellfire Bluff, named by Baudin's ex- 
pedition, in 1802. 

BRIGHTON, so arbitrarily designat- 
ed by Governor-General Macquarie, pro- 
bably about the year 1820. 

BAGDAD. One of the early Imperial 
regiments, which had been serving in 
Palestine, is said to have given the name 
while on the march. 

BROADMAKSH was named by Mr. 
Peter Murdoch, one of the early Go- 
vernment Surveyors. He called it so 
on acoount of the fine marsh lands 
which begin at Kellie and extend some 
miles south, being broken but twice by 
small intersections. Gradually the name 
became general through the valley, all 
of which, from Kellie to Black Brush, 
is now Broadmarsh. I am sorry that 
I cannot supply the date, but it must 
have been in the early "twenties." as I 
know of a property which was bought 
here in 1829, at which time Broadmarsh 
was quite a settlement, boasting a good 
macadamised road. (Anonymous.) 

BIOHENO t to the north of Swansea, 
was, I imagine, 'named after J. E. 
Bicheno, who was Colonial Secretary 
in Tasmania in the forties. (T. Dun- 
babin). 

CIRCULAR HEAD, sighted in 1798 
by Flinders and Base from the cutter 
Norfolk, and named because of its cir- 
cular shape. Its aboriginal name was 



24 TASMASIAN NOMENCLATURE. 

"Martula." It is really a small neck 
on the east side of a large promonto -y, 
which has not been named, but which 
is some 10 miles in length from the 
mainland line to its extreme point. 
Flinders gave the name. 

Mr. T. Dunbabin writes : Flinders 
states in his "Voyage to Terra 
Australia" that he first sighted 
Circular Head on December 4, 
1798, and passed it on December 
6. He remarks : "Circular Head 
is a cliffy, round lump, in form 
much resembling a Christmas cake, and 
is joined to the mainland by a low, 
sandy isthmus. The land at the back 
is somewhat lower than the head, and 
is formed into very gentle slopes. A 
slight covering of withered grass gave 
it a smooth appearance, and some 
green bushes scattered over it much re- 
sembled at a distance a herd of seals 
basking upon a rock." 

COLEBROOK. A resident of Cole- 
brook once showed me (writes 1 Mr. E. 
E. Reid) the deeds of his property. One 
of the documents, which was signed 
by Sir John Franklin, stated that the 
name of the settlement was Colebrook 
Dale. 

CORNWALL (County) received its 
name from Governor King in 1804. At 
that time it embraced the half of the 
island north of the 42nd parallel of eoutb 
latitude. (H. S. Innes). 

CIMITIERE - STREET (Launceeton), 
named after Colonel Cimitiere, some time 
commandant at Oeorg* Town. 

COLINS'S BONNET (or Oap), 4,131 
feet. A high peak of the range, near 
Hob art to the north-west of Mt. Wel- 
lington, being part of the same hills. 
Named in the very early days of Gover- 
nor Collins. By some the designation 
is regarded as a corruption of the lat^ 
ter name. 



TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 25 

CIVILISATION POINT (Flinders 
Island). Named in 1834 by Messrs. 
Walker and Backhouse, who visited the 
island to report at the request of Go- 
vernor Arthur. It was known as Pea 
Jacket Point by the early sealers. 

CLOUDY BAY is the "La Baie Mau- 
vaise" of D'Entrecasteaux. It is called 
"Bad Bay" (the translation of the name 
given by D'Entrecasteaux) in all Eng 
lish and Tasmanian charts prior to 
1858. when Sprent named it "Bad or 
Cloudy Bay." Evans in vain gave 
back the name of "Bad" to this bay at 
the south of Bruny Island, for Cloudy 
Bay now prevails. (Comte de Fleurieu). 

CLYDE RIVER. Named by Gover- 
nor Arthur, who changed the original 
designation of Fat Doe River. (See 
Both well.) 

CHAMPOGNY PEAK. The name 
given by Baudin to a peak of the in- 
terior on La Perouse Range. It is 
utilised by Arrowsmith in 1833, but is 
no longer marked on every map. 
(Comte de Fleurieu.) 

COVE POINT (Cape Barren Island). 
Named after the ship Sydney Cove, 
which was wrecked there in June, 1794. 
The Government of New South Wales 
sent the colonial schooner Francis to 
the scene of the wreck, and the explora- 
tions of that vessel advanced the geo- 
graphical knowledge of the Furneaux 
Group, and also laid the foundation 
of the sealing industry of the islands. 
The doings ofthose old-time sealers are 
inextricably involved in certain pages 
of Tasmanian history. 

CORNELIAN BAY. So-called be- 
cause of the stones of that name found 
there by Captain Hayes, who explored 
the Derwent in 1794. The correct 
spelling of the stone is "Oarnelian." 



26 TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 

CKACROFT RANGE. Named by Lady 
Franklin on the ocasion of a trip to the 
West Coast. 

CAMPBELL TOWN. Received it& de 
signation at the instance of Governor 
Macq.ua.rie, of New South Wales, whil* 
on a visit to Tasmania- 

COXARA, known as "The Corners" 
on the old Main Line Railway. The 
word appears in Dr. Milligan's list of 
native names, and is there interpreted 
as meaning coal. 

COMPANION HILL. A detached 
hill near St. Valentine's Peak, named 
early by V.D.L. Co., the name being 
self-explanatory. 

CRIPPS MOUNT. Named after J. 
Cripps, first deputy-governor of the 
V.D.L. Co. 

CATTLE Y MOUNT. Named after J. 
Cattley, one of the early directors of 
the V'D.L. Co. 

CHARTER- MOUNT. Named by the 
V.D.L. Co in commemoration of the 
granting of their charter. (A. K. 
McGaw.) 

CAMPBELL RANGE. Named after 
A. and J. Campbell, two of the early 
directors of the V.D.L. Co. 

CRAYFISH RIVER. Named by the 
V.D.L. Co.'s staff (no reason recorded) 
in 1826. 

CAM RIVER.- -Referred to about 
1827 in the V.D.L. Co.'s records, and 
evidently named by their survey par- 
ties after English river in the same 
way that the Mersey was named. 
"These coastal rivers in 1826 were de- 
scribed numerically third, fourth, etc., 
and though I have not seen the actual 
record of the naming, yet it seems al- 
most certain the company's staff did, 
no one else being interested at that 
date." (A. K. MoGaw.) 



TASMAKIAN NOMENCLATURE. " 27 

COX BIGHT, near the south-west- 
ern corner of the island. Named be- 
cause Captain J. H. Cox, of the brig 
Mercury, landed there while on his 
voyage of 1789. 

CAVE OR COVE ISLAND Discov- 
ered by Flinders in 1798, was not plac- 
ed on his map of 1814. Scott, curious- 
ly enough, called it Dumpling Island, 
and afterwards it was called sometimes 
one and sometimes the other. On Aus- 
tralian charts to-day it appears as 
Caves Island, but the English maps 
have Isle of Caves, while the French 
maps, for some reason or the other, call 
it The Doughboy. This Island is in 
Norfolk Bay. 

CARLTON RIVER^Named the 
River Brue by Baudin. in 1802, after 
one of his officers, received its present 
name from Flinders in his 1814 chart. 
Arrowsrnith (1842) gave it both names, 
while modern maps use Carlton River 
only. 

CLARENCE PLAINS. Named after 
the ship of Captain John Hayes, in 
1794, the Drake of Clarence. His con- 
sort ship was the Duchess. Hayes' 
chart shows English names given to 
the country on either side of the Der- 
went. Thus, Mount Wellington, he 
charted as "Skiddaw" ; the country on 
the Bellerive side of the Derwent, 
Yorkshire : and on the west side of 
D'Entrecasteaux Channel, "New Cum- 
berland." That which is now Hum- 
nhrey's Rivulet he charted as "Duke's 
River," and the land between there and 
the present site of Hobart he laid 
down as "King George's Plains." The 
Huon River he called "Adamson's Har- 
bour" ; Bruni Island, "William Pitt's 
Island"; and Isthmus Bay (at Bruni), 
"Henry Wallis Harbour." Hayes enter- 
ed Ralph's Bay. 



28 TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 

CROSS MARSH, between Kempton 
and Bothwell, was, I am informed by 
Mrs. Salmon, so called from a marsh 
which crossed the Bothwell-road here, 
and runs down to the Jordan. It was 
a favourite camping place for teams in 
the old days, and became somewhat of 
a centre for the surrounding districts. 
It was a well-known place in early days, 
as is shown by the references in the old 
newspapers (T. Dunbabin). 

CLARKE ISLAND, in Bass Straits, 
took its name from the supercargo of 
the ship Sydney Cove, which sprang 
a leak while on a voyage from Cal- 
cutta to Sydney in 1794, and was run 
ashore there. The supercargo was one 
of the few survivors of the wreck and 
the hardships which followed. He 
and a few others made their way to 
Port Jackson in an open boat, and pro- 
cured assistance. 

CASTLE FORBES BAY. In 1836 or 
37 three emigrant ships with Irish 
women, arrived in Tasmania. The ship 
Castle Forbes entered the south end of 
Channel, and sailed up the Huoii look- 
ing for Hobart. She got up as far as 
Castle Forbes Bay ? but could get no 
further. Having sickness on board the 
captain looked about for water, and 
finding the Kermandie River, erected 
tents, forming an hospital, hence the 
names, one bay named after the ship 
and the other from the hospital camp. 
My father was a resident of the Huon. 
I heard this from him. He resided 
there when there were only seven peo- 
ple, all told, in the Huon (John Charl- 
ton). 

DERWENT RIVER, named because of 
a resemblance to the famous Cumber- 
land (Wnz.) river and lakes, by Captain 
John Hayes, in 1794. It was discover- 
ed by Captain Cook in 1777. Hayes, 
however, explored the river. The 



TAiSMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 29 

French Admiral, D'Entrecasteaux,chart- 
ed the estuary in 1792, and named it 
''Riviere du Nord." The aborigine 
name was "Teemtoomele menennye.'' 
Mr. Thomas Dunbabin writes :-- 
"Cook visited Adventure Bay in 
January, 1777, as Furneaux had 
done in 1773, b.ut he did not 
visit the Derwent. nor had he any 
idea that Bruny (William Pitt's Island, 
as Hayes called it) was not part of the 
mainland. It is possible that the river 
was discovered by La Perouse in 1788 
(see Walker's "Early Tasmania," p. 7), 
and it was charted by D'Entrecasteaux 
in 1793 (v. "Voyage de D'Entrecas- 
teaux." p. 255). Hayes was, according 
to Walker, a lieutenant. Flinders, in 
the MS. account of the voyage of the 
Norfolk, calls him Mr. Hayes (v. "His- 
torical Records of New South Wales," 
Vol. III., p. 810, and elsewhere.) 

DAVEY, PORT, discovered on Decem- 
ber 17, 1815, by Captain James Kelly, 
whi'e on a boat voyage round Tas- 
mania, and named in honour of the 
then Lieutenant-Governor of the colony, 
Colonel Davey. "Poynduk" is the na- 
tive name. 

D1KECTION, MOUNT (near Hobart), 
was named by Capt. John Hayes, in 1794. 

DEVONPORT (Torquay and Form- 
by). I cannot say when the two names 
were given to the settlements on either 
bank of the Mersey, but when their 
amalgamation was decided upon in 
1890, or thereabouts, they were merged 
into Devonport the port of the county 
of Devon. This was following on the 
decision of the Government that there 
f.hoiiid be only three important ports 
on the N.W. Coast at the Mersey, 
Burnie, and Stanley. (A. J. Stokes.) 

DESLACS CAPE. Discovered and 
named by D'Entrecasteaux in 1792, 



30 TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 

after an apprentice on board his ship. 
Deslacs was a god-son of the French 
Minister of Marine (Fleurieu), who sent 
out the expedition. After the return 
to France, Deslaos, persistent in his 
desire for a life of adventure, ran away 
from his uncle's house, and saw active 
service against the English. He was 
killed at Trafalgar. (Comte de Fleu- 
rieu.) 

Young Deslac, whose full name was 
Charles Francois Hyppohte Peslue d'Ar- 
oombol. was son of the M-vrquise Deslac 
d'Arcombol. and of tht- marquise whose 
maiden name was Duc r est de Chigy Hf 
was born on September 7, 1777, and 
was only 14 years old when he was st*nt 
by his god-father, M de Fieurieu, to 
D'Kntrecastdaux, to }>t iaken by him on 
the voyage in search of the ill-fated La 
Po rouse. On the return voyage, he 
was taken prisoner, seit to London, 
and did not see hio own country again 
until 1802, after the peace of Amiens. 
He became the son-in-law of M. Fleu- 
rieu, with whom he lived, but, learning 
that war had again broken out. he es- 
caped during the night, and was killed 
on October 21, 1805. Cape Deslnc has 
sometimes been called "Deslaco." It 
seems probable that D'Entrecasteaux 
called the Hippolyte Rocks after this 
youth's third Christian name. 

DECEPTION RANGE. J. E. Calder 
writes in 1840: "I called these hills De- 
ception Range, from the frequency with 
which I was foiled ui deceived in my 
attempts to lead the path across them. 
(H. M. Nicholls.) 

DUCK RIVER. Named by Alexan. 
der Goldie, agriculturist to the V.D.L. 
Co., and Joseph Fossey (surveyor) on 
the occasion of their journey from 
Georgetown to Cape Grim, August, 
1826. 



' TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 31 

DETENTION RIVER. First named 
by the V.D.L. Co.'s survey staff the 
"Tret River,'' afterwards changed to 
Detention River because of the uncom- 
fortable forced detention of Alexander 
Goldie and his party at the river by a 
heavy flood in 1826. (A. K. McGaw.) 

DIAL RANGE. Named first bv Fos- 
sey Dial Mountains, and later in the 
V.D.L. Co.'s records and on their maps 
Dundas Range, after Captain Dundas, 
R.N., one of the first directors of the 
company. The similarity of the profile 
of one of the peaks to the index of a 
sun dial is the obvious reason of the 
original name, which was too apt not to 
be retained. 

DIPWOOD MARSH AND RANGE. 
Named by Hellyer in 1827. 

D'ENTRECASTEAUX CHANNEL. 

This was di^jovered on April 20. 1792, 
by the celebrated French Vice-Admiral 
Bruny D'Entrecasteaux, who, in the 
ships Recherche and Esperance, was 
searching for ill-fated La Perouse. Visit- 
ing Van Diemen's Land for the first 
time, he was attempting to find an an- 
chorage in Adventure Bay, when, being 
himself ill in bed, the ships' navigators 
entered the channel to the west of 
Bruny Island, instead of going to the 
eastward of it. Thus, the discovery of 
the great channel was due to an acci- 
dent. This is Labillardiere's account 
of the matter. A wrong bearing taken 
of the Mewstone accounts for the 
French navigator's error. 

ESPERANCE, PORT, called after 
one of the ships of the French Com- 
mander D'Entrecasteaux, who in 1792 
discovered the channel which bears his 
name, and surveyed it and a lot of the 
adjacent wators. Raminea was its na- 
tive designation. The ships of the 
gallant D Entrecasteaux were called Re- 



32 TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 

cherche, in which sailed the comman- 
der, and the Esperance, command- 
ed by Captain Huon Kermadoc. 
Some geographers have called the 
port Esperance Bay, or Adamson's 
Harbour. The latter name is the re- 
sult of a confusion over the chart of 
Captain Hayes, which marked as Adam- 
son's Harbour the wide mouth of the 
Huon River. 

ESK RIVERS (North and South), nam- 
ed by Lieut.-Colonel Paterson in 1804. 
The "native name for the South Eek was 
"Mangana lienta-" 

EDDYSTON'E PENINSULA. The 
name was given by either Cook 
or Furneaux, and has always been 
used, the orthography alone some- 
times differing. Its suitability for 
a place for a lighthouse in this 
xvay resembling the famous light 
on the south coast of England suggest- 
ed the name. 

ELIZABETH ISLAND (Macquarie Hat- 
bonr). Named by Captain J. Kelly, in 
1815, after Mrs. Gordon, of Pittwater. 
Mr. Gordon lent Kelly the whale boat for 
his adventurous voyage. 

EVERETT MOUNT. Named after 
W. Everett, one of the early directors 
of the V.D.L. Co. 

EMU RIVER. Named by Hellyer, 
who first forded the river at Hamp- 
shire on February 13, 1827. He refers 
to an emu track seen on the banks of 
the river, and, after describing > ne- 
river's course, says : "I have since 
named it Emu River." 

ELLENDALE. Mr. ihos. Stephens 
writes : "Before the proclamation of 
the township reserve the valley of the 
Jones River was generally known by 
the name of Monto's Marsh. There 
were a few settlers occupying small 



TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 53 

selections of Crown land. Mr. Nicholas 
Brown, then Minister of Lands, occu- 
pied Meadow Bank as his country resi- 
dence. While on a tour from Hobarf. 
to Hamilton I visited him there, and he 
arranged that we should ride over to 
Monto's Marsh, where he wished to 
select a good position for a township 
reserve, in which I could also note a 
suitab'e site for a future school. On 
our return to Meadow Bank, the ques- 
tion arose of a name for the future 
township, and my suggestion that it 
should be known by the Christian name 
of Mrs. Nicholas Brown was eventually 
adopted." Ida Gilbert writes : "What 
was originally Montoe's Marsh was 
named Ellendale, after Mrs. Nicholas 
J. Brown, wife of the late Hon N. J. 
Brown, who was a former Speaker of 
the House of Assembly and representa- 
tive of the district. Mrs. Brown still 
takes an interest in her namesake, and 
residents revere the memory of her hus- 
band, who did so much for Ellendale 
during its early struggles for improve- 
ment and recognition." 

FRF.VCIXET PENINSULA, named 
by the French expedition of 1802 under 
Bandin after his lieutenant, who had 
rendered signal service by a rough sur- 
vey of the coast in the vicinity of 
Frederick Henry Bay. It had been 
sighted by Tasman in 1643, and named 
Van der Lyn, after one of the council- 
lors of the Dutch East India Govern- 
ment. 

FRIARS, Islets, originally known as 
Boreel Islands, and so named by Tas- 
man. The name of the Friars 
was bestowed upon what Tasman 
had named the Boreel Islands by Captain 
Tobias Furneaux, of the Adventure, in 
1773. He appears to have mistaken the 
South Cape for the Boreel Islands, and 
to have thought the Friars a nw dis- 
covery. (T. Lhmbabin.) 



54 TASMANIA^ NOMENCLATURE. 

FORTH (river and settlement), pro- 
hably named after a barque of the 
same name which sailed from England 
in June, 1833. Having called at Cir- 
cular Head, it proceeded to Launce 
ton. There is, however, a belief that 
the name is a corruption of the num- 
eral 4th, from the fact that it is the 
fourth conspicuous opening in the land 
west from the Tamar. The others are : 
Port Sorell, 1; Mersey. 2: Don, 3; 
Forth, 4. In support of this theory 
it may be remembered that when York 
Town was first settled and exploration 
pushed out westward, the first big 
opflning and river (Port Sorell and 
Rubicon River* was called the "First 
Western River." 

FEEDRIK HENDRIK BAY, so called 
by Tanan in 1642, after the Stadtholder 
of the Dutch United Provinces. See 
Blackman's Bay. This "bay and name 
must not be confused witih the bay of 
the same- name lying to the west of 
Forrestiers Peninsula, concerning which 
see under a similar title. 

FINGAI/L. The first payable reef-gold 
in Tasmania was found near Fingall at 
a place called "The Nook." 

FREDERICK HENRY, CAPE, was 
named, in 1773, by Capt. Furneaux, who 
believed that the bay called by Tasman 
Fredrik Hendrik lay to the north of it. 

FORRESTIER'S PENINSDOLA was so 
named in January, 1802, by Freycmet, 
lieutenant to the French explorer Bau- 
din. <H. 8. Innes.) 

FUENEATTX (group of islands), named 
after himself by Capt. Tobias Furneaux, 
of the ship Adventure (Cook's second 
ship), in 1773. Cook's ship was the Reso- 
lution. 

FLINDERS ISLAND, given this 
name by Governor King, of New South 
Wales, *in honour of the great naviga- 
tor. 



TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 55 

FLUTED CAPE (Bruny Island). 
Discovered and named by Captain 
Hayes in 1794 because of its peculiar 
formation. "The name Fluted Cape, 
with its translations and modifications, 
serves as the designations of three 
capes on the Australian Chart, viz., 
("onacte, Fluted, and Connella." (Count 
de Fleurieu.) 

FREDERICK HENDRICK CAPE is 
possibly Cox's Smoky Cape. Furneaux 
marked it on his map at the north of 
Adventure Bay, and D'Entrecasteaux, 
seeing Furneaux's mistake, replaced it 
to the south of Marion Bay, calling 
the other Troubrient. This correction 
was rejected by Flinders, with the re- 
sult that Tasmania now has two capes 
Frederick Hendrick. 

FRANKLIN ISLAND. See Betsy Is- 
land. 

FRANKLIN FIVER, discovered by T. 
E. Calder in 1840. His journal states: 
"A laige and furious torrent flows 
through a gorge near the Frenchman's 
Cap, which, collecting all the water that 
falls* on a wide extent of mountainoub 
country, emerges from the glen a large 
and beautiful river. I called it the 
Franklin." (H. M. Nicholls.) 

FREDERICK HENRY BAY. Dis- 
covered by D Entrecast"aux, and by him 
namd "Bale du Nord." Hayes called '( 
Henshaw's Bay, while Flinders, in 1798, 
thinkine that it communicated with Tas- 
man's landing-place, gave it its present 
name. This error was rectified by Baudin 
in 1802, who found out that this bay had 
no comim'niration with Marion Bay, and 
so could not be the bay discovered hy 
Tasman. He, therefore, OQ his charts re- 
stored D'Entrecaetteux's name, Baie -lu 
Nord. Arrowsmith, in 1834, used both 
namvs, probably because Tasmanians 
were usins Frederick Hendrick, owing to 
Flmders's error. Cross (1838) called -t 
North Bay, and Frankland (1839) put it 



56 TASMVNIAN NOMENCLATURE. 

"Baie du Nord, now Frederick Hendrick 
Bay." It was generally called Noith Bav 
after this until Wyld (1850i and Spren't 
(1858) called it Frederick Henry, whib 
Laurie terms it North Bay. Evans (tb'J'Ji 
used both names, in 1837 Hughes re- 
moved the name entirely from the lo- 
cality, and gave it to the bay to the souta 
of Cape Paul Lamanan (south of Marion 
Bay), where it still is. Now the Aus- 
tralian maps use Frederick Henry alone, 
English charts give North Bay in paren- 
theses as well, while the French maps 
use Frederick Hendrick, with Baie du 
Nord in parentheses. (Comte de Fleu- 
rieu.) 

FORTFSQTTE BAY. Eaudin named 
it Baie Dolomien. Scott gave it its 
present name. Arrowsmith and Evans 
referred to it by the French name, but 
Arrowsmith later, with Hughes and 
Cross, called it Fortesque, while Frank- 
land uses both names. At the present 
day the Australian charts call it For- 
tesque Bay, while the Admiralty and 
the French charts give it both names. 
(Comte de Fleurieu.) 

FOSSEY RIVER. A tributary of 
the Hellyer situated in Surrey Hills, 
named after Joseph Fossey, one of the 
company's surveyors. The Mount Bis- 
choff T.M. Co. takes its water by a 
race from this river. 

FORCETT Named after the home 
of Mr. James Gordon (often spoken of 
as Captain Gordon). He was appoint- 
ed district magistrate, and resided at 
Richmond in what is now known as The 
Rectory. If not the first was one of 
the first appointed. I would like some- 
thing more brought out about this old 
place, for my grandmother, who was 
the youngest daughter of a doctor, who 
came out with Phillip's fleet in 1788, 
lived with her sister at Pittswater from 
1814 till she married in 1829. (Anony- 
mous.) 



TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 37 

GRIM. CAPE, named "by Flinders and 
Eass in 1798. Native name Kennaook. 

GLENORA.-- Mr. E. E. Reid writes: 
"I was told (1 think by Mr. D. Chi 
holm, at present residing at Gordon) 
that a certain Mr. or Capta\n Fentoa 
named this nlace Glen Norah, in hon- 
our of bin daughter. The name was 
changed or corrupted into Glenora." 

QAWLER RIVER (tributary of the 
Leven), discovered by Surveyor N. L. 
Kentish in 1844, and named after Gover- 
nor Gawler, of South Australia, a former 
patron of Kentish's. 

GORDON RIYER, universally admit- 
ted to be one of the most beautiful 
streams of Australasia. It falls into 
Macquarie Harbour, and. having mag- 
nificent timber on its banks for a great 
part of its length, was used as a source 
of timber supply in the days of the 
Macquarie penal settlement. It was 
discovered by Captain James Kelly in 
December. 1815, at the time he discov- 
ered and explored Macquarie Harbour. 
According to Fenton, Kelly named it 
after Mr. James Gordon, Q, settler of 
Pitt water. The name was chosen by 
Kelly because of the fact that Mr. 
Gordon had lent him the whaleboat in 
which he undertook the dangerous task 
of circumnavigating Tasmania. 

GREEN ISLAND. Comte de Fleurieu 
writes: "It is a pity that the 'lie Verte" 
of D'Entrecasteaux should have been 
translated Green Island, because there 
are at least two other Green Islands on 
local maps." This is the one in D'Entre- 
casteaux Channel. 

GORMANSTON. Named in honour 
of Viscount Gormanston, who was Go- 
vernor of Tasmania from 1893 to 1900, 
it having sprung into importance as a 
mining town during his term of office. 

GREEN ISLAND (off Maria Island) 



440131 



38 TASMANIA* NOMENCLATURE. 

was called the "He du Nord" by 
Baudin. Scott, in 1824, called it 
Green Island. The French Admiralty 
and Krusenstein recalled it by the 
original French name. It was trans- 
lated to "North Island" by Arrow- 
smith, Hughes, and Evans. Cross 
called it Green Island. Frankland, 
Wyld, and Sprent, called it "lie du 
Nord, or Green Island,'' which name is 
retained on the Australian maps of to- 
day, while the English map calls it 
"North Islet," and the French "Hot du 
Nord." 

GUILDFORD JUNCTION. On Sur- 
rey Hills (Emu Bay Railway Co.'s lineK 
Named by Mr. Norton Smith in 1897 
after the capital town of the county 
of Surrey. 

GUIDE RIVER. A tributary of the 
Cam, named after 1835. and probably 
considerably later, the tradition being 
that a surveyor who lost his way in 
the forest used the river as a guide to 
the coast. 

GEORGE TOWN. The soot at 
which Lieut. -Colonel Wm. Paterson 
landed on November 11, 1804, when in 
H.M.S. Buffalo he founded the settle- 
ment of Port Dalrymple. He called 
it after King George the Third. The 
Lieut. -Governor's settlement was moved 
to the other (western 1 ) side of the Tamar 
in December of the same year, Pater- 
son founding a new settlement, to 
which he gave the name of York Town. 

GREEN PONDS. The old name for 
Kempton, which see. The municipal- 
ity still retains the original name 

GARDEN ISLAND (Norfolk Bay). 
It is not named in the map of D'Entre- 
casteaux, although marked. Flinders 
called it "Smooth Island." Scott, in 
1824 called it Garden Island, and since 



TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 39 

then it has been variously called by 
either name. 

GLAMORGAN (county) -See matter 
under Spring Bay. 

GRINDSTONE BAY, just north of 
Spring Bay. "Mr. Salmon says that 
he had always heard that it was so 
called from a grindstone having been 
either left or cut here by some of the 
bay whalers in the early days." (T. 
Dunbabin.) 

GEOGRAPHY STRAIT.-o named 
by Baudin, after his ship. It is dif- 
ficult to find out when the other name 
Schouten Passage was given to the 
strait, but it obviously comes from the 
island of that name, which the strait 
separates from Freycinet's Peninsula. 

GUNN'S PLAIN is named after Mr. 
Ronald Campbell Gunn. a Fellow of the 
Linnean Society of London, and subse- 
quently a Fellow of the Royal Society 
of London. In the prosecution of his 
researches he rambled through many 
parts of Tasmania. I cannot find the 
exact date of naming the plain, but in 
I860, in association with Mr. P. L. 
Ltte, he walked over most of the coun- 
try lying between the River Mersey and 
Circular Head, and we find Gsnn's 
Plain and Gunn's River in that track. 
(Robina Hodgman.) Mr. T. Stephens 
writes as follows : When Mr. Ron- 
ald Gunn was commissioned to explore 
and report on the country between the 
Mersey and Circular Head, little was 
known of it excent from the records of 
the V.D.L. Company, which were not 
easily accessible He had previously 
pointed out to me when we were in- 
specting one of their charts that there 
appeared to be many places marked on 
it which were quite unknown to the 
Survey Department. Among these was 
" Plain" (I forget the exact name), 



40 TASMAN1AN NOMENCLATURE. 

not far from the mouth of the River 
Leven. The term "Plain" was always 
used to mean a stretch of open grassy 
country, more or less level, and no such 
country had been discovered near the 
Leven by any of the surveyors or other 
persons on the look-out for selections 
of Crown land. In the course of bis 
explorations through the timbered and 
scrubby country on the west of the 
Leven,' Mr. Gunn suddenly came upou 
a tract free from heavy timber, but 
covered more or lass with a forest of 
saplings, with small patches of grassy 
land interspersed, and peopled chiefly 
by wombats. This was evidently the 
m:ssing plain. It had formerly been 
open grass land, but with the disap- 
pearance of the aborigines, who periodi- 
cally burnt off all the grassy country 
they occupied, the forest had taken 
possession, as it always does in such 
cases. The present name was very 
properly given to commemorate the dis- 
covery of the lost plain by Mr. Gunn. 

GRASS TREE HILL. This was so 
named from the dwarf grass tree 
(Xanthorrhoea minor), which grows in 
abundance near the saddle of the ridge 
separating Risdon from Richmond. 

HOBART (capital city). The name 
was transferred to the present site from 
the original settlement at Risdon Cove 
on March 10, 1804, by Governor Collins, 
who, for the purpose of identification, 
added "town" to distinguish it from the 
Risdon site. The name was given in 
honour of Lord Hobart, then Imt)erial 
Secretary of State for the Colonies. 
From that day on the site retained its 
position ae capital although Governor 
Arthur cherished the idea of removing 
the seat of Government to Port Arthur. 
It is probable that the name was used 
by Bowen under instructions from Go- 



TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 41 

vernor King, of Sydney. The word 
"town"' was officially dropped by legisla- 
tive authority in 1881. (See Risdon.) 

HIBBS POINT, named after the 
captain of Flinders's cutter Norfolk by 
the navigator in 1798. 

HKEMSKIRK (Mount), named by 
Flinders in December, 1798. after one 
of the ships of the Dutch navigator, 
Abel Janszoon Tasman, who first land- 
ed in Tasmania in 1642, and who had 
first sighted the island in the vicinity 
of Macquarie Harbour. The native 
name for Alt. Heemskirk was Roeinrim. 

HUMPHREYS RIVULET (Glen- 
orchy",, named by Governor Collins 
after Mr. A. W. H Humphreys, the 
mineralogist, who arrived with him at 
Hobart in the ship Ocean, which ar- 
rived at Hobart in February, 1804. 
Mr. Humphreys was afterwaids Policb 
Magistrate at Hobart. 

HUNTER'S GROUP of Islands, dis 
covered by Flinders and Bass in 1798, 
and named probably after Governor 
Hunter of New South Wales. An exten- 
sive survey was made by Baudin in 
1803. 

HAMILTON-ON-CLYDE. Named by 
Governor Arthur (see Bothwell). 

HAMILTON-ON-FORTH. Probably 
so called by one of the V.D.L. Co.'s 
early surveyors. 

HELDER RIVER, a tributary of the 
River Arthur, named after Mr. Sur- 
veyor Wedge, whose second Christian 
name was Helder. Mr. Wedge lived 
to become a Minister without portfolio 
in Mr. Gregson's Ministry of 1857. 

HELLYER RIVER. An important 
tributary of the Arthur River, discov- 
ered by Henry Hellyer, first surveyor 
to the V.D.L/Co. Named by him the 



42 TASMANIA^ NOMENCLATURE. 

Don on February 16, 1827, but later 
renamed in honour of Hellyer. 

HICKS MOUNT. Named after H. 
Hicks, one of the early directors of the 
V.D.L. Co. 

MARCUS RIVER. Named very 
parly by the V.D.L. Co. 

HUSKIS30N RIVER. Rising in 
Surrey Hills. Referred to before 1830 
in V.D.L. Co.'s despatches, and pro- 
bably named after Mr. Secretary Hus- 
kisson, of the Colonial Office. 

HIPPOLYTE ROOKS. So named 
by D'Entrecasteaux, prohably after the 
third Christian name of young Deslacs, 
who sailed with him. See "Cape 
Deslacs." 

HEXTY RIVER (AND LITTLE 
HKNTY RIVER). Named after Mr. 
W. Henty, who was Colonial Secretary 
in Mr. W. P. Weston's Ministry of 
1857. 

HUNTER'S ISLAND (in Sullivan's 
Cove 1 ) was a small wooded islet near 
the Old Wharf. Hobart, when Gover- 
nor Collins settled on the site of Ho- 
bart in 1804. Collins placed his stores 
and camp on it for safety. Subse- 
quently the shallow water between the 
islet and the shore was filled in. and 
the historic spot became merged in the 
harbour works of the canital. 

HUON ISLAND was discovered by 
M. de Cretin, one of D'Entrecasteaux's 
officers, on May 2, 1792. 

HOPE ISLAND. This is the island 
to which D'Entrecasteaux gave the 
name of Lahaye. in honour of a famous 
French botanist. It was discovered 
on May 20, 1792, by M. de la Janice, 
an officer of the ship Esperance. 

HOSPITAL BAY (Geeveston). So 
named by the captain of the ship 



TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 4.5 

Castle Forbes in 1737. (See Castle 
Forbes.) 

Referring to D'Entrecasteaux's ex- 
pedition, I am very doubtful (says Mr. 
T. Dnnbabin) whether he or any mem- 
ber of his expedition gave Hospital 
Bay either its present name or its 
French equivalent, though there Is 
what appears to be a reference to the 
bay in Rossel's account of the expedi- 
tion. There is also mention of a large 
stream on the western side of the river 
into which the largest sloops could en- 
ter. This I take to be the Kerman- 
die River, but I can find no mention 
of any name having been given to it. 
This suggested to me that it was pos- 
sible that Kermandie is possibly not a 
corruption of Kermandec, but a name 
given at a later date. I mentioned 
this to Comte de FTeurieu, and, if I 
remember aright, he was also of opinion 
that there was no evidence that the 
Kermandie was named after Huon de 
Kermandec at the time of D'Entrecas- 
teaux's expedition. 

HUON RIVER, discovered and first 
charted by the French Admiral IPEn- 
trecasteaux, in 1792. and named by him 
after Captain Huon Kermadec, his sec- 
ond in command. In 1794 Captain 
John Hayes sailed up the D'Entrecas- 
teaux Channel, and, unaware of the 
Frenchman's visit, named the River 
"Adamson's Harbour." In the very 
early days a valuable soft wood was dis- 
covered in the vicinity, and called Huon 
pine. It is botanically known as "Da- 
crydium franklinii," and became famous 
primarily for shipbuilding, and later for 
all kinds of joinery. It was later found 
in many parts of Southern Tasmania. 
Some or the best known of the early 
colonial-built vessels were rciutructecl 
of Huon pine, and on the Huon River. 

HUONTILLE. The name is obvious- 



44 TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 

ly derived from the river, on the banks 
of which it stands, but the history of 
the name it> obscure. 

HAMPTON PARK.-nSo calir/t after 
the home of the Earl of Crewe in Eng- 
land. 

HOPE ISLAND (D-'Entrecasteaux 
Channel^ is the He d'Esperance, accord- 
ing to French charts, meaning Hope 
Island. D'Entrecasteaux, it is suppos- 
ed, gave it and Port Esperance that 
name through having hope of finding 
thereabouts the celebrated voyager La 
Perouse and his companions, for whom 
he was searching (H. M. H. McArthur). 
There are grounds for believing that 
Port Esperance was given its name 
after the French admiral's ship. These 
amount to practical certainty. 

HEAN RANGE AND MT. HEAN. 
While making a preliminary survey for 
the suggested (railway between Zeelian 
and Stanley Eiver in the early part of 
1911, Mr. G. E. Bernard, resident engi- 
neer on the West Coast, came across a 
belt of uncharted country with a fine 
mountain range running through it. The 

S'.nnacle of the range he called Mount 
can, as a compliment to the Minister 
for Lands and Works. Describing this 
mountain, Mr. Bernard says: "Mount 
Hean is situated north of Mount Zeehan, 
south of the Parson's Hood, west of 
Mount Murchison, and east of Mount 
Livingstone a scion of these, upraising 
from the waters of the Pieman, the Wil- 
son, and the Stanley. It is nearly 2,000ft. 
above the sea. On the north, south, and 
east the dense flora of Tasmania mantles 
it from base, well towards crown, leaving 
it unrobed on the west to face and with- 
stand the ocean's blast. From its peak 
of sandstone and quartz, inset with dia- 
mond crystals, a vast panorama opens to 
the eye. The ranges of the Eldon, Mur- 
chisonj Lyell, Darwin, Heemskirk, and 
Meredith, with their great mineral poten- 
tialities, are visible beyond and around. 



TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 45 

Nestling in the valleys below, in hues of 
nature's variegated colouring, are observ- 
able the towns of Zeehan, Williamsford, 
Rosebery, and Eenison Bell. The sinu- 
ous courses of the western railway sys- 
tem arteries of industrial development 
are also discernible." Out of compliment 
to the Minister for Lands (Hon. Alec. 
Hean) Mr. Bernard gave his name to the 
range and its highest peak. 

INGL1S RIVER. Named by the 
staff of the V.D.L. Co. after Mr. James 
Tnglis. one of the early directors of 
the V.D.L. Co. 

ISTHMUS BAY was discovered by M. 
de Cretin, of D'Entrecasteaux's expedi- 
tion, on May 1, 1792. On May 21 M. 
de St. Aignon, while searching for an 
exit from the channel, beached his boat 
in Isthmus bay, and (minus his cloth- 
ing) waded ashore, his gun in one hand 
and his compass in the other. On Feb- 
ruary 13, 1793, M. de Well and the fanu- 
ous geographer M. Beaupre, returned 
to the bay. The French found abun- 
dance of fish in the bay, it being re- 
corded that one fish caught weighed 
lOOlb., while another weighed 2601b. 
The French discoverers gave the name 
of Isthmus Bay to the whole of the 
water now included in the bay of that 
name, as well as Great Bay. To the 
isthmus they gave the name of St. 
Aignon. 

'IRON POT" (Derwent Lighthouse). 
Mr. S. Salmon has informed me that 
the following explanation of the origin 
of the name of the Iron Pot, applied to 
the Derwent Lighthouse at the entrance 
of the Derwent, was given to him by 
his grandfather, Thomas Salmon, who 
came to Tasmania on a whaling specu- 
lation in 1812, and came out again 
with his family to settle in 1816. Oil 
waa a high price in those days, and 
when vessels were filling up for the 



46 TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 

long voyage home, efforts were made 
to get every inch of space possible for 
the storage of barrels. With this end 
in view the try-pots were sometimes left 
on shore, no doubt with the hope that 
they would prove useful on the next 
voyage, if not appropriated in the mean 
time. From some of these pots having 
been left on this island it came to be 
called Iron Pot Island, or the Iron Pot. 
(T. Dunbabin). 

Concerning the Iron Pot. Mr. H. M. 
H. McArtbur writes: "The late Pilot 
Hurburgh often mentioned to me that 
that rock derives its name from holes 
in it resembling in shape pots with 
rust on the edges." 

ILE DE PHOQTJES (White Rock) A 
barren rock lying midway between 
Maria and Schouten Islands ; once a 
favourite resort of seals. It has lately 
come into prominence because of a law 
suit over disputed ownership of guano 
deposits. (John Cotton.) The name 
was given by Baudin because of the pre- 
sence of seals, which are called 
''Phoques'' by the French. Cross gave 
the name "White Rock" in 1829. 

JORDAN RIVFJR, a tributary of the 
Derwent. It was discovered by Flin- 
dprs when surveying in th\ Derwent ir. 
1798, and subsequently called Herds- 
mfins Covo. 

JACOB'S BOAT HARBOUR. Named 
after one of the members of the V.D.L 
party which settled near Circular Head 
(Northdown). Ht> was ufteiwardu on ol 
the piJots of the Tamar River. 

JACOB MOUNT. Named after J. 
Jac-ob, one of the early directors of the 
V.D.T-. Co. 

JORDAN RIVER.-SO called, it is 
said, by the officers of an Imnerial 
regiment, which, from service in Pales- 
tine, was P*$nt to Tasmania. Exceoting 
that the stream is narrow and winding, 



TASMANIA* NOMENCLATURE. 4V 

it is hard to discover any resemblance 
between the Midlands River and its 
famous Levantine namesake. 

JERICHO. Said to have been con- 
ferred by one of the Imperial regiments, 
which had been stationed in Palestine, 
and in arbitrary remembrance of the 
Levant. 

KENT'S GROUP of islands, named 
after the captain of H.M.S. Buffalo, a 
ship much used in the colonisation of 
Australia. She conveyed the original 
colony to Port Dalrym^le in 1804, and 
afterwards figured largely in the settle- 
ment of South Australia, whose first 
Governor, Hindmarsh, arrived at G'en- 
elg in her. 

KING ISLAND, named in 1798 by 
Flinders when in the sloop Norfolk, 
he first circumnavigated Tasmania, and 
named after Governor King, of New 
South Wales. "King Island" (wn'l.ss 
Mr. T. Dunbabin) "was not dis- 
covered by Flinders in 1798 dur- 
ing his voyage in the Norfolk. 
On that occasion he struck the Tasman- 
ian coast at Cape Portland, and ran 
along the north coast to Gape Grim, and 
then turned down the west coast. Inci- 
dentally the Norfolk was a sloop of 25 
tons. Governor King, writing in 1802, 
says that the island was first discovered 
in 1798 by Mr. Reid, in the Martha (sic 
in original), and afterwards seen by Mr- 
Black in the Harbinger. The Martha 
was a vessel of 30$ tons, built at Sydney, 
and engaged in the Straits sealing trade. 
See "Historical Records of N.S.W.' " 

KRRMANDTE RIVER discovered by 
the French expedition of 1792, under 
Admiral D'Entrecasteau*, and named 
after Captain Huon Kermadec, of the 
consort ship Recherche. The corrup- 
tion of the original final syllable is the 
result of a caligraohic error. Mr. S. 
0. Lovell writes: "The correct spell- 



48 TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 

ing of the French captain's name is 
Kermadec, although the corruption 
Kermandie is more euphonious. The 
same Captain Huon Kermadec's name 
is also borne by a group of islets situat- 
ed at some distance to the N.E. of New 
Zealand, and in this case the maps in- 
variably give the spelling Kermadec.' 

KEMPTON was so called from Mr. 
Anthony Fenn Kemp, whose home or 
country residence was at the beautiful- 
ly-situated estate of Mount Vernon, 
now the residence of Mr. A. E. Mansell, 
of Shropshire sheep fame. The older 
name (Green Ponds) was derived from 
some small green holes of water in the 
vicinity of the township. The name 
Kempton is used by all business people 
and l>y the Government for the railway 
station, school, and Post Office, but the 
municipality, foi sentimentnl reasons, 
still retains the old name of Green 
Ponds. The name Kemoton seems to 
havo become general after the construc- 
tion of the Apsley line. (H. G., Queens- 
town). 

KENT BAY (Cap Barren Island) 
named after Captain Kent, of H.M.S. 
Buffalo. 

KENTISH PLAINS and DISTRICT. 

Discovered on August 1, 1844, by 
Surveyor N. L. Kentish, and by him 
named "August" Plains. The name 
was subsequently altered to the pre- 
sent one, in honour of the discoverer. 

KING GEORGE'S ROCK. Evans so 

charted this famous rock for the first 
time, but it has since been called 
George's Rock on some maps. It was 
the scene" of one of the most notable 
shipwrecks of Tasmanian history. Mr. 
Geo. Wk. Rex has kindly lent some 
old-time literature, which gives a full 
account of the wreck. From this it ap- 
pears that the convict ship George the 



TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 49 

Third left London on December 14, 
1834. for Hobart. She was commanded 
by Captain W. H. Moxey, Major Ryan 
being in command of the military guard. 
She had on board 308 souls when she 
left London, and one woman, three 
children, and 12 prisoners died on the 
voyage, there being several births as 
well. The grim story of the wreck need 
not be recapitulated here, with its alle- 
gations of helpless and manacled con- 
victs, struggling in the -flooded hold, 
having been shot down by the miHtary 
guard. Suffice to say that of the 133 
persons drowned 127 were convicts, 
while of the 161 saved onlv 81 were 
prisoners. All the senior officers were 
saved. A court of inquiry absolved the 
commanding officers. 

KINGHORN POINT -Named after 
Mr. M. Kinghorn, master of His Ma- 
jesty's colonial brig. Prince Leopold- 

LBFROY, called "Nine-Mile Springs" 
and "The Den," in the early gold dig- 
ging days. Was named, at the request 
of the inhabitants, in 1881, by Governor 
Lefroy. 

LITTLE PIPER',? RIVER. Discov- 
ered and named after himself by Ensign 
Piper in 1805, while exploring west from 
Yorktown. 

LADY BARRON. A port on the 
coast of Flinders Island named in 1910, 
during a visit of His Excellency the Go- 
vernor and a Parliamentary party, in 
honour of the Governor's wife. 

LITTLE TAYLOR BAY is the "La 

Petite Anse" (or "the Little Cove") of 
D'Entrecasteaiix. "Unnoticed by Hayes, 
it kept the name of "Little Cove" until 
1858, when Sprent. having called the 
other "Great Taylor's Bay," thought 
without doubt that the little cove ought 
in some way to share the neighbouring 
bay's change of name. 



50 TASMANIA* NOMENCLATURE. 

LBGERWOQD, the name given to a 
large property selected half a century 
ago by Mr. J. R. Scott, after the 
Scotch port from which he hailed. (Ro- 
bert Winter.) 

LEVENDALE. It was not until tho 
beginning of the year 1901 that tiio 
district now knovrn as the Levendale 
received its name. On Aoril 15 of 
that year the State-school was opened. 
Immediately upon the name Levendale, 
the first part of which was derived from 
the name of one of the oldest and best 
known farms in the district, that of 
Leven Banks, belonging to Mr. V. W. 
Hodgson, being given to the school, the 
surrounding district adopted it, and be- 
came affiliated with that of the school 
district. (W. J. Rowlands). 

LONG POINT (Lesueur Point of Bau- 
din) is called Long Point in charts of 
1837, '39, '41, 43, and '58. On some 
of the maps during the period 1839-50 
it is called Point Leslier. The original 
French names do not now appear on 
either English or French charts, while 
the Australian charts mark it as Long 
Point. 

LODDON EIVER, named by J. E. Cal- 
der in 1840. "I called it the Loddon," he 
writes, "from a fancied resemblance to 
an English stream of that name. Unlike 
the majority of our rivere, it is not a 
brawling mountain torrent, dathing over 
cataracts and waterlalls, bat has all the 
gentleness of the course ot' the English 
stream." (H. M. Nicholls.) 

LACHLAN. Sir John Franklin 
founded the village in 1837. It was 
named Lachlan, after Governor Lach- 
lan Macquarie. (L. Hall.) 

LACHLAN'S ISLAND. Situate in 
Maria Island passage, midway between 
the island and the main. A quoin- 
shaped islet of about 10 acres extent. 



TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 51 

There is a legend that a prisoner named 
Lachlan, trying to escape from the 
penal settlement on Maria Island, land- 
ed on Lachlan's, and died from exhaus- 
tion. This is incorrect. The islet owes 
its name from the fact that Lachlan 
Macquarie, Governor of N.S.W., when 
on a visit to the East Coast, sailed 
round the islet in his whale boat, and 
deposited a bottle on the shore, con- 
taining a paper bearing the following 
inscription : "Lachlan Macquarie cir- 
cumnavigated this island" date given 
which the late Hon. Chas. Meredith, 
who told me this, could not supply. I 
believe this to be the true version 
(John Cotton). Mr. T. Dunbabin 
writes: "The French "ailed this island 
Hot du Milieu. It used to be called 
McLachlan Island in the early days, 
though it appears as Lachlan Island on 
the maps, and is sometimes so called 
nowadays. I have been informed by my 
father, who lived on Maria Island for 
some years about forty years ago, and 
has known this part of Tasmania for 
a good deal more than half-a-century, 
that as far back as he can remember 
it was always called McLachlan Island. 
The story told of it was that it was 
called after a man of the name of Mo 
Lachlan, a convict, who swam to it 
from Maria Island (it is said, with 
leg-irons on), and, I believe, died there. 
If Scott gave it the name of Lachlan 
Island in 1824, it would seem that this 
interesting story will have to go by 
the board, as the convict station on 
Maria Island was not founded till 1825. 
It is curious that the original name of 
Lachlan should have been lengthened 
to McLachlan. Governor Macquarie's 
Christian name was Lachlan, hence, I 
imagine, the name of the Lachlan River 
near New Norfolk, but he retired from 
his Governorship of New South Wales 



52 TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 

in 1821. Whether it is possible tot a 
man to swim the distance (some two 
miles) with leg-irons on, I cannot say ; 
if he did it is, perhaps, not wonderful 
that he died in consequence of his exer- 
tions." 

Comtede Fleurieu writes : --''Named by 
Scott in 1824, and so called on all mod- 
ern charts, was named L'lle du Miliu 
by Baudin. 

LATROBE. Called after Mr. C. J. 
Latrobe, who %vas Acting Lieuteuant- 
Governor of Tasmania for a few months 
in 1846. 

LOTTAH. The word used by the 
aborigines of the Pittwater district to 
denote "gum tree. 1 ' (Dr. Milligan's Vo- 
cabulary.) 

LEBRINA, the northern aborigine 
name for "house" or "hut." 

LEVBN RIVER. See Cam River. 

LEMANA. Aboriginal name for the 
native oak tree. 

LOW ISLAND So named by Flin- 
ders (1798) appears as Green Island on 
Sprent'p map of 1858. All Australian 
maps use the name of Low Island : 
Green Island on the French charts, but 
the British Admiralty charts do not 
mark it at all. 

LONG BAY (D'Entrecasteaux Chan- 
nel). This name is quite misplaced. It 
is the real name of Isthmus Bay (on 
Brnni Island), which is almost opposite 
and which was given by D'Entrecas- 
teaux during his survey (Compt de 
Fleurieu). 

LOVETT. Said to have been named 
after the ex-State Auditor-General of 
that name. 

MELVILLE-STREET (Hobart) nam- 
ed after Mr. Hy. Melville, one of the 
early historians of Tasmania. 



TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 53 

MAATSUYKER (island and light- 
house', named by Ta&man in 1642 after 
a member of the (k>uncil of the Dutch 
East India Government. It is one of 
the group-named Witt, or De Witt, by 
Tasman. 

MATHIKNA, originally known as 
''.uiack Boy," named after a native girl 
who was brought up and educated at 
Government House by Sir John and 
Lady Franklin, but who relapsed into 
'native habits after their departure from 
Tasmania, and was drowned at Oyster 
Cove. 

.MARIA ISLAND, Tasman gave the 
name in honour, it is believed, of the 
wire of the Governor of the Dutch East 
Indies. 

MACQUARIE RIVER, named by 
Purveyor Grant one of the first over- 
landers from Hobart to Launcestou, 
after the Governor of New South 
Wales. With regard to the name of the 
Ivfacquarie River, I would like to point 
out (Mr T Dunbabin writes) that the 
first overland journeys between Hobart 
and Launceston were made in 1807,near- 
ly three years before Macquarie came out 
as Governor of New South. Wales. Ea<rly 
m 1*07 Lieut. Thomas Laycock, with a 
party of fioux, crossed from Launceston 
to Hobart and back again From hie 
narrative it would appear that the Mac- 
quarie was then called the Lake' Elver, 
for he speaks of following up the river 
till it turned too far to the eastward for 
his purpose, which could hardly be said 
of what we now call the Lake River. 
Charles Grimes, then either Surveyor- 
General or Anting Surveyor-General of 
New South Walos, also crossed the island 
from north to south in or before 1807, 
according to Flinders's chart (as quoted 
by Walker), but 1 have not come across 
mention of Surveyor Grant as one of the 
first overlanders. 

MARION BAY received its present 



54 TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 

name in 1802, from Freycinet (a member 
of the expedition of the French explorer 
Baudin), in honour of the French naviga- 
tor Marion du Fresne. It had prev- 
ou<=ly been called by Tasman, Fredrik 
flendrik Bay, but in 1802 that name was 
transferred to the inner bay, -which still 
bears it. By the "Inner Bay" is meant 
the bay on the west side of the Penin- 
sula. (See Blackman's Bay and Fred- 
erick Henry Bay.) The name appears first 
on D'Entrecasteaux's chart, and was 
named after Captain Marion du Fresne 
(of Baudin's expedition). It is the bay in 
which Tasman anchored, but the old 
charts which we have seem to show 
clearly that Tasman wished to keep the 
name of Fredrick Hendrik in the inner, 
or Blackman's Bay, which is now called 
Port Fredrick Hendrick on both English 
and French maps. That is why Flinders 
gave the name of Frederick Hendrick to 
D'Entiecasteaux's Baie du Nord, thinking 
undoubtedly that there was a communi- 
cation between the two, not knowing 1 that 
East Bay Neck connected Forrestier'.i 
Peninsula with the mainland. Mr. T. 
Dunbabin writes: "Tasman did not an- 
chor in Blackman's Bay, neither did hw 
carpenter, Jacobzoon plant the Dutch flag 
on the shores of that bay. That Tasman 
did not anchor in Blackman's Bay is ob 
vioua from several considerations. He 
says that he anchored in 22 fathoms, and 
T do not think that that depth could 
have been found inside the bay, even in 
1642. The position of Tasman's anchor- 
age is marked on his chart aa on th 
southern side of Marion Bay, a little to 
the north of Cape Fredrik Hendrik (now 
commonly known in those parts as the 
Lagoon Bay Bluff), and near Green 
Island. The boat sent to explore the 
morning after anchoring rowed some four 
miles to the north west before it came to 
the point of land at the entrance of Black- 
man's Bay (now called the Narrows), and 
the crew reported that they had gon 
several miles after passing the entrance. 
It wag on the southern side of thia bay 
that the first landing (as far as is known 



TASMANIA^ NOMENCLATURE. 55 

to history) of Europeans on Tasmania n 
soil took place, on December 2, 1642. On 
December 3, Tasman and others landed in 
the morning on the shore of the bay just 
in from their anchorage, sometimes called 
North Bay on the maps, while the beach 
on which the Dutchmen landed is locally 
known as the Two-Mile Beach. In tho 
afternoon Tasman intended to go ashoro 
again, but the sea ran so high that tm 
could not run the boat ashore. He ran 
accordingly for a little bay just to the 
south ot Cape Paul Lamanon, marked 
on the maps as Prince of Wales Bay, and 
it was at the head of this bay (which is 
apparently that locally known as Wat- 
son's, after some forgotten .bay whaler/ 
that Jacobzoon swam ashore, and planted 
the Dutch flag- It is obvious that if it: 
had been inside Blackman's Bay the sea 
could not have very well run high enough 
to prevent a ship's boat from landing. 
In passing, it may be remarked that tbo 
no-nenclature of this part of the conntr/ 
is very perplexing and confusing. The 
name of Frederick Henry Bay has got 
itself permanently fixed to the Baie da 
Xord of the French, of whose existence 
Tasman knew nothing, while the name of 
North Bay, which would properly belong 
to our present Frederick Henry Bay, ha^ 
been moved, how or why seems past find- 
ing out, to the bay off which Tasman an- 
chored. In early maps the name ol 
Blackman's Bay, now given to what is 
probably Tasman's Fredrik Hendrik Bay, 
is applied sometimes to North Bay (or the 
Two-Mile Beach), and sometimes to Wil 
mot Harbour (more commonly known a* 
Lagoon Bay) to the south of Cape Fredrik 
Hendrik. With regard to Marion Bay, 
I would suggest that Tasman did not re- 
cognise it aa a bay at all, or, at any rate, 
did not name it. Hi8 chart is a very 
rough one, and on it Marion Bay ap- 
pears even shallower than it is in reality. 
Why the little cove where the Dutch flag 
was planted should be called Prince ol 
Wales Bay, already given by Hayes to 
much better known locality, I cannot 
ay." 



56 TA.SMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 

MARION (Lake), called after Capt. 
Manor, du Presne, who in 1772 visited tehe 
south of Tasmania, in two 1'rencn explor- 
ing ships. 

MARION (Beach;, alsso named after the 
same navigator. 

MACQUARIE HARBOUR (native name 
"JFarralaougatek''.), discovered by Cap- 
tain James Kelly in December, 1815, 
while on his famous voyagfc ol circum- 
navigation undertaken in an open whale- 
boat. It was named after Governor- 
General Macquaiie, and opened as a penal 
establishment by Governor Sorell in .De- 
cember, 1821- it was abandoned in fa- 
vour of Port Arthur in 1830 

MOUNT WELLINGTON (native name 
"l/nghanyahletta" or (Fenton; "Popranet- 
teri;, had borne at least three different 
names before it got its present designa- 
tion. I cannot (writes 'Mr. T. Dunbabin) 
say by whom its present Lame was 
given, but I presume that the moun- 
tain was named after the Duke of 
Wellington, and at a date later than 1815. 
Its first name was "Montagne du Plat- 
eau," given to,jt b,r W'illauinez, the offi- 
cer of D'tntrecasteaux, who in 1793 dis- 
covered the Derwent. Next year Hayes 
call?d it Skiddaw, also calling the land 
on the western side of the river New 
Cumberland. Flinders speaks of it as 
Mount Table in the introduction to hie 
"Voyage to Terra Australis," published 
in 1814. Tnis name was, perhaps, given 
by Bass, who climbed the mountain in 
1798. Knopwood, in his "Diary," speaks 
of its notable resemblance to Table Moun- 
tain, at Capt town. In the early days of 
the settlement it was called Table Moun- 
tain, and is I think, refenred to under 
this name in the "Hobart Town Gazette" 
of 1816. Mount Wellington is 4,166 feet 
above sea level- 

Comte de Fleurieu traces the nomen- 
clature of the mountain: "Mount Wel- 
lington is the Montagne du Plateau des 
Francais discovered by Willaumez in 1793. 
The name of Skiddau was given it by 
Hayes. It is not named in the chart of 



TA8MANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 57 

Flinders, but is called 'Table Mountain' 
(translated 'Mont du Plateau') in the 
chart of Evans in 1822, Evans having 
anglicised the French name. It is called 
'Mount Wellington' for the first time, I 
believe, in the chart of Scott in 1824, so 
that tht> name was conferred sometime 
between 1822 and 1824. Cross in 1828 used 
the appellation Mount 'Wellington, and 
AiTowsmith called it Table Mountain, 
while Frankland, in 1839, decided on the 
exclusive use of Mount Wellington. From 
that time on the present name came to be 
generally adopted, although occasionally 
Table ^fountain appears in documents. ' 
The period thus fixed 1822-1824 lies at 
the termination of the office of Governor 
of Colonel Sorell. That officer would be 
directly interested in the doings of the 
Duke of Wellington on the Peninsula 
indeed. Colonel Sorell went to live at 
Madrid, and died there and there is some 
ground for the belief that the present 
name was suggested to Sorell from the 
dominating appearance of the mount, ami 
thus placed, by his influence on the 
cha'ts of his last days in the colony. 



RIVER. originally known 
to the Yorktown settlers as the "Second 
Western River," from the fact that it is 
the second opening of importance on the 
North-West Coast, groing west from the 
Tamar. Its native name was "Para- 
naple." It was possibly named the 
Mersey by the Surveyor Goldie in 1826. 
The name of the port formed by this 
fine river is Port Frederick. Two of 
the early north-western surveyors 
Messrs. W. Goldie and H. Hellyer had 
in their party a man of conspicuous 
ability named Richard Fredericks, and 
it is probable that the name was be- 
stowed in his honour. [Named by Mr. 
Edward Curr, first manager of the 
V.D.L. Co. in charge of the first party 
who got across country inland from 
Quamby's Bluff to the coast. He report- 
ed to his board on July 31. 1826: 



58 TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 

"We remained in the neighbourhood 
of the second western river, which we 
named the Mersey."] 

MOLES WORTH.-Named after Mr. 
Molesworth Jeffrey, a well-known Tas- 
manian. Some time ago the Common- 
wealth postal authorities, finding that 
there were several Molesworths on the 
Postal Directory of the Federation, de- 
cided to change the name. The of- 
ficials of the Lands Department sug- 
gested "Malbina," which was adopted. 
Malbina is a native name signifying 
a drake. The name of Molesworth was 
conferred by the New Norfolk Council. 

MALBINA. (See Molesworth.) 

MEWSTONE ROCK, off the south 
coast, sighted and named by Tasman 
in 1642, because of a supposed resem- 
blance to a lion's head. 

MONGE POINT. So named by Bau- 
din, from the fact that his surgeon, M. 
Mauge, died of consumption while the 
shin was in the vicinity, and was 
buried on the point. Arrowsmith and 
Sprent retain the French name ; as, 
also, do the English and French maps, 
while some of the Australian ones 
omit it. Its real name is Mauge Point. 

MOORINA. So called to commemorate 
a sister of Truganini (last of the Tas- 
manian aborigines), daughter of Man- 
gana, chief of the Bruni Island tribe. 

MANGANA. Named after the chief 
of the Bruni Island tribe, who was 
father of Truganini, last of the Tas- 
manian aborigines. 

MO ONAH. According to Dr. Milli- 
gan's vocabulary, this is the native 
name for gum tree, used by the Mount 
Royal, Bruni Island, and some other 
tribes. 

MARRAWAH, according to Dr. Milli- 



TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 59 

gan, is the equivalent of the abori- 
ginal numeral "one." 

MAY DAY MOUNT. Fossey, on the 
first inland journey made in 1827 from 
Quamby via Middlesex Plains, Black 
Range, and Surrey Hills to the coast 
at Emu Bay, ascended May Day Mount 
on May 1, and, as in the case of St. 
Valentine's Peak, named the mountain 
after the day. Similarly May Day 
Plains at the foot of the mountain. 
(A. K. McGaw.) 

MONTAGU RIVER. Namd very 
early by the V.D.L. Co., probably after 
a Government official of that name 
then in Hobart. 

MOOREVILLE-ROAD (Emu Bay). 
Mooreville was the name given by Mr. 
J. H. Munce to a bush section two 
miles from the coast taken up by him, 
this name being an English place name 
in which he was interested, and having 
nothing to do with the Hon. Win. 
Moore. The name of the road which 
led to Mnnce's section as a consequence 
was called Mooreville-road on the sug- 
gestion of Mr. Munce, who was a mem- 
ber of the road trust. The naming of 
the road duly appears in the minutes 
of 1859 or 1860 of the Emu Bay Road 
Trust. (George Atkinson.) 

MULGRAVE BATTERY (Hobart). 
Probably named from Mr. P. A. Mul- 
grave (chairman of the Quarter Ses- 
sions), who was appointed superintend- 
ent of schools in 1828. The battery 
was erected on the brow of the hill, 
which subsequently became known as 
Battery Point. 

MOTNGAN BAY (entrance to Port Ar- 
thur). 'So named by Baudin in honour 
of a previous commander of the ship 
Naturalist, his second ship on the 
famous expedition. It is not. however, 



60 TASMAN 7 IAN NOMENCLATURE. 

even mentioned on the modern French 
maps, although charted on ours- of the 
present day with the second letter an 
- 'a" instead of "o." (Comte de 
Fleurieu.) 

Maingon Bay has its name spelt in 
the way at present in fashion in the 
map given by Peron and Freycinet in 
their account of Baudin's expedition, 
which seems a curious fact if Baudin 
named it Moiugan. I have not noticed 
(writes Mr. T. -Dunbabin) any other 
reference to the naming of it in the 
work just referred to, and have been 
wondering whether it was not like Capo 
Raoul named by D'Entrecasteaux. 

MONGE, or PIUATE'S, BAY (east 
shore of Eaglehawk Neck). Named by 
Baudin after the surgeon of his ship, 
who died and was buried on the point or 
Frame or Maria Island. Scott c.viled 
it Pirate's Bav in -1822, because of some 
pirates who look refuge there in a 
schooner It is now known by either 
name. Comte de Fleurieu writes - 
"It was called Pirate's Bay by the carto- 
grapher Scott, because of the pirates' 
schooner, which was taken (captured?) 
there on January 30, 1822. Some bush- 
rangers were taken there on July 11, 
1827. I don't know whether the bush- 
rangers were the pirates who took the 
fcchooner, or members of some other 
gang. See maps of Frankland (April, 
1837) and Scott, 1824." 

As to the name Pirates' Bay (writes 
Mr. T. Diinbabin), Edwin Meredith, in 
his memoir of George Meredith ; states 
that it was here that the piratical sei- 
zure of a schooner chartered by George 
Meredith took place (no date given, 
but apparently in 1822). He states that 
George Meredith was on a return trip 
from the East Coast to Hobart Town, 
and put into the bay for water. While 
on shore a party of bushrangers over- 



TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 61 

powered him and the sailors, and then 
seized the schooner, turning Meredith 
and his carpenter adriit in the dinghy, 
with one oar between them. The pira- 
tical bushrangers, it is stated, got cleai 
away with the schooner, which was 
wrecked on the coast of Australia. It 
may safely be concluded that the seven 
bus'hrangers, whom the ''Hobart Town 
Gazette" records, to have been captur- 
ed on July 11, IS'27. on a "neck of land'' 
\vho=e precise situation is not ind'cated, 
had nothing to do with the seizing of 
the schooner. Three more of the same 
gang were captured the day before 
(July 10, 1827) ''on Mr. Gellibrand's 
stock run, near Cape Pillar." 
Monge Bay was not (writes Mr. T. 
Dunbabin) named after the member of 
Baudin's expedition who was buried on 
Maria Island. "We named it Baie 
Monge," says Peron, "in honour of the 
illustrious savant to whom the physical 
and mathematical sciences owe so many 
precious discoveries." The Frenchman 
buried on Maria Is'and was not Monge, 
but Rene Mauge, and the proper name 
of the point is Point Mauge. English 
cartographers and writers seem to find 
a difficulty sometimes in distinguishing 
between Monge and Mauge. 

MAURAXARD CAPE (Maria Island). 
Named by Baudin (1802), but Frank- 
land called it "Bold" on his map of 
1839. and this error is repeated on all 
modern maps, Cape Mauranard being 
nlaced more to the south. On Scott's. 
man of 1842 it is called "Rocky and 
Barren." It has sometimes been wrong- 
ly charted as "St. Helens" Cape, ow- 
insc to an error by which it was con- 
fused with Mauranard or St. Helen's 
Island. The latter is about 90 miles 
northward, and just to the south of the 
entrance to St. Helens. 

MULCAHY RIVER. A small stream 



62 TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 

on the West Coast, named in honour 
of the Hon. Edward Mulcahy, who was 
in office at the time of its traverse. 

MOUNT MONTGOMERY. Thia 
name is given to the northern end 
of the Dial Range, immediately behind 
the town of Penguin, and which was 
once used as a trig, station. The name 
is said to have been derived from a Mr. 
Montgomery, who was anxious to secure 
land near friends of his, and he selected 
(in England) a 320-acre section adjoin- 
ing, without any knowledge of its char- 
acter. It happened to include the 
mountain referred to above, and al- 
though he later on threw up the selec- 
tion in disgust, it yet retains his name 
(C. Webster). 

MIDDLETON. This place is in Long 
Bay, D'Entrecasteaux Channel, where 
the late Mr. John Watson, a well- 
known shipbuilder, owned property, 
those three brick cottages a little to 
the north of the jetty now used by 
Channel steamers. The name Middle- 
ton had its origin from Mrs. Watson's 
maiden name. Just a few ya'rds from 
the jetty, and in a line with those cot- 
tages, the ship Middleton was built by 
Mr. Watson. I am uncertain in what 
year, but in 1853 she arrived from Lon- 
don, having on board Arthur Orton, 
afterwards well-known as the Tichborne 
claimant, who had charge of two Shet- 
land ponies for the late Hon. T. D. 
Chapman, who owned the Middleton 
(H. M. H. McArthur). Mr. John Charl- 
ton writes on the same subject: "The 
late John Watson, shipbuilder, had four 
brick cottages built at what is now 
Middleton. He brought his family 
down to live in one. Shortly after, he 
built the ship Middleton, naming it 
after Captain Middleton, his wife's 
brother. The cottages were always 
called Middleton. The post town was 



TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 66 

Long Bay. The mail matters were 
very much mixed up, letters being for- 
warded to Port Arthur and Macquarie 
Harbour, both having a place called 
Long Bay. The residents petitioned 
the postmaster to alter the name of the 
post town to Middleton. Captain Mid- 
dleton I believe, had no family. He 
lived vith his brother-in-law the latter 
part of his life." 

NEW NORFOLK, named by Govern- 
or Collins in 1808, at the suggestion of 
its settlers. These were people who 
had been deported from Norfolk Island 
by orders of the Imperial Government, 
and in the name they perpetuated the 
memory of their old home. It was 
originally named Elizabeth Town, by 
Governor-General Macquarie, in honor 
of his wife. O'ld residents called it 
"The Hills" from the fact that hills bar 
the approach to it from every direc- 
tion. Mr. Thos. Dunbabin writes: 
"The district was named New Nor- 
folk in memory of Norfolk. Island 
(cf. Norfolk Plains, on the north- 
ern side of the island) possibly by Lieut. - 
Governor Collins. When the township 
of Now Norfolk was founded in the 
davs of Lieut.-Governor Sorell it was 
officially named Elizabeth Town, after 
Lady Macquarie (see references in the 
"Hobart Town Gazette" of. I think, 
1 821). This name, by a process the 
reverse of that which has taken place 
in the cases, for instance, of Sorell 
nd Richmond has given way to the 
original name of the district, which has 
become that of the township as well. 

A correspondent ("English") writes, 
asking whether New Norfolk was named 
after the English county of that name, 
and pointing out that there is little 
resemblance in the two places. It was 
not so named, but called New Norfolk 
(according to J, B. Walker) by the 



6i TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 

free settlers who were deported to Tas- 
mania in 1807 from Norfolk Island. 
They did so in memory of their late 
island home. The place was known as 
Elizabeth Town in the early days. An 
interesting circumstance is reported by 
Mr. A. Courtney Pratt, who, in looking 
i n an old record of April, 1825, found 
the following extract from the "Hobart 
Town Gazette," Friday, April 29. 1825, 
published by Andrew Bent: "On Tues- 
day the unprecedented spectacle of a 
whale was seen in the Derwent at New 
Norfolk, but it has not yet been taken, 
althougn its ultimate escape can scarce- 
ly be expected, as several boats with 
well experienced crews have gone up the 
river in pursuit of her.'' Rxtract from 
the same paper, dated Friday, May 6, 
182o: "Whaling Season. The whale 
alluded to in our last as having been 
seen up the river as high as New Nor- 
folk has since been killed on the beach 
at that township above the punt ferry. 
K is no less remarkable than evident 
that this animal was bewildered, having 
actually run itself aground, a circum- 
stance oerhaps never before heard of in 
this island. It was not a specimen of 
the whales usually caught in and near 
the Derwent, but one of the species of 
fish frequently taken at sea, and known 
a*> fin-back. It was ninety feet (90ft.) 
in length, and will nroduce a con- 
siderable quantity of oil. though not 
so much as one of equal size of the 
other description. Our rivers and bays 
are at this moment full of whales." 

NELSON MOUNT, named after the 
small sloop Lady Nelson, in which, with 
the barque Ocean, Governor Collins ar- 
rived at Hobart. From the very earli- 
est time it was used as a signal station. 
The Ocean arrived on January 30, nnd 
the Lady Nelson on February *16, 1804. 

NEW TOWN and NEW TOWN BAT. 



TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. to 

The latter was originally named Stains- 
forth's Cove, which see. 

NORFOLK PLAINS. So called by 
the settlers, who, in 1808, were placed 
there, having been deported from Nor- 
folk Island, in memory of their old 
island home. (See New Norfolk.) 

NATURAL1STE CAPE, named by 
Baudin in 1802. It has always been so 
marked, but the different charts do not 
always put the name in the same place, 
some placing it a few miles to the 
north. The name came from Baudin's 
ship, being again conferred on a big 
promontory near Bunbury, in AVest 
Australia. 

NEWSTKAD (the suburb of Launces- 
ton) took its name from Newstead 
House, built in 1855 by Ronald Camp- 
bell Gunn. This gentleman's name is 
well known in connection with the bot- 
any of Tasmania, and his labours are 
recorded in Sir J. D. Hooker's "Flora 
of Tasmania." He was also editor 
of the "Tasmanian Journal," a scienti- 
fic serial published by the Royal So- 
ciety of Tasmania. He was a member 
of the first Parliament. In 1839 he 
was appointed private secretary to Sir 
John Franklin, and with the Franklins 
made many excursions through the 
bush and country. During one of 
these trips the Bay of Fires got its 
name, Lady Franklin calling it so, be- 
cause the country round the bay was 
all alight. (Anonymous.) The above 
re the Bay of Fires is only partially 
accurate. (See Bay of Fires.) 

NORFOLK BAY was discovered by 
Willaumetz, an officer of D'Entrecas- 
teaux, in 1792, who becoming short of 
provisions, could only get as far as 
Primrose Point. He did not know 
then whether this new bay had com- 
munication with Tasman's Frederick 



60 TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 

Hendrick Bay (Blackmail's, or Marion 
Bay) : and on D'Entrecasteaux's map 
Tasman Peninsula is called Tasman 
Island. Flinders in 1878 visited the 
Bay, giving it the name of Norfolk, 
after the small schooner in which he 
was sailing with Bass. In 1802 Baudiii 
examined the hay, and, unaware of 
Flinders's nomenclature, gave it the 
name of Port Buache. after the French 
King's geographer, who, by the way, 
was uncle to Beaupre, D'Entrecasteaux's 
historian. Arrowsmith aJid Frankland, 
in 1841 and 1858 used both names, but 
to-day Norfolk Bay is the only name 
that survives. 

NORTH-WEST BAY. This was dis- 
covered and charted by D'Entrecas- 
teaux. It is the "Fairlies Harbour" of 
Hayes. 

NORTHDOWN. Named by Mr. Ed. 
Curr. first manager of the V.D.L. Co., 
who established hi* tvadqr. -liters there 
in 1827. He moved later to Circular 
Head. 

OYSTER BAY. There are two 
Oyster Bays on our maps (writes 
Comte de Fleurieu.), one which the Ad- 
miralty maps name Fleurieu or Oyster 
Bay. the other, which was known only 
as Oyster Bay. The only bay which 
received the name of an explorer is that 
which is found to the west of Maria 
Island of Tasman. It was discovered 
by Cox in 1789. When in the brig Mer- 
cury he wished to get water, having 
been during the night further than he 
thought, he saw opposite him the 
northern point of Maria Island, and 
looking for a stream of water, he saw 
Oyster Bay, known sometimes now as 
."Chinaman Bay," or "Shoal Bay." This 
bay, at the southern point of which 
was buried Dr. Monge (surgeon with 
Baudin) received also a visit from Du- 
mont d'Urville. It has always borne 



TA3MANIAN NOMENCLATURE 6? 

on the charts the name of Oyster Bay. 
Fleurieu, or Oyster Bay, as the Admir- 
alty charts call it, is the large bay in- 
side Freycinet's Peninsula. It was dis- 
covered by one of the officers during 
a boating trip from Bautifin's expedition 
on February 25, 1802. "It was named 
Fleurieu in honour," says Peron, the 
historian of the voyage, "of the great 
hydrographer to whom is due the cre- 
dit of our voyage." Flinders, who 
learned of the bay's existence from 
Peron's book, marked its situation on 
his map of 1814 by putting "large bay, 
discovered by Baudin in 1802." Still 
bearing the name of Fleurieu Bay on 
the maps of Molte Brun, Lagie, Hurd, 
and Krusenstern, its name became in 
1822 Great Swanport in that of 
Evans and "Oyster Baj* discovered by 
Captain Baudin" in Scott's (1824). who 
seems never to have known a French 
name. Cross,. Hughes, Frankland, 
Wyld. and Sprent called it Oyster Bay. 
The Admiralty charts of 1825 and 1843 
and the "Australian Directory," so late 
as 1868, called it Fleurieu Bay. Most 
often, however, we find the two 
names "Oyster Bay" or "Fleurieu Bay," 
liscovered by Baudin, or sometimes 
"Fleurieu Bay, or Great Swanport." 
On the French official charts, it is to- 
day called "Fleurieu," or Oyster Bay." 

OATLANDS. Governor-General Mac- 
quarie named the town from the fertile 
appearance of the plains on which it is 
situated. 

PORTLAND, Cape, named by Flin- 
ders in October, 1798, after the Duke of 
Portland, then Imperial Secretary of 
State for the Colonies. The native 
name for the district is "Tebrakunna." 

PORT FREDERICK. <See Mersey 
River.) 

PERON, CAPE, named after the offi- 



63 TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 

cial naturalist of the French expedition 
of 1802 under Baudin. 

PATERSON PLAINS, now Evandale 
and vicinity, originally so-called after 
Lieut-Colonel Paterson, Lieut-Gover- 
nor of Port Dalrymple. 

PAINTEK'S PLAINS, discovered and 
named by Mr. J. E. Colder on his journey 
from Lake St. Clair to the West Coast 
in 1840. The name Avae derived from the 
beautiful artistic prospects disclosed to 
the discoverer after his arduous travel in 
the heavy bush lands. Mr. T. Dunbabin 
writes : "Painter's Plains were so named 
by Calder, not so much because of the 
beautiful artistic prospects disclosed to 
the discoverer, as because of the fact that 
he found here some drawings in charcoal 
(which he considered to be of native 
origin, but which were, perhaps, made 
by convict runaways) on the sides of an 
abandoned hut or huts, representing two 
men spearing a kangaroo, a dog, an emu., 
etc. See H. Ling Koth's 'Aborigines of 
Tasmania,' page 137, and a series of arti- 
cles by Calder in 'The Mercury' of about 
40 years aeo." 

PIRATES' BAY. (See Monge Bay.) 

PIPER'S RIVER. Discovered by 
Ensign Piper, one of the officers of the 
Yorktown establishment, in 1805, and 
named after himself. Ensign Piper ex- 
plored a lot of the country to the west- 
ward of the settlement. 

PIEMAN RIVER. The mouth of 
this river had been noted by one or 
two of the earliest adventurers along 
the wild West Coast. It received its 
name, however (according to Mr. J. 
Fenton), from Pilot Lucas in 1824 (?), 
when he tracked an escaped convict (the 
notorious Pearce) from Macquarie to its 
banks. Pearce had been a seller of 
pastry and pies in Hobart, and hence 
the river was called "the Pieman." 
Captain Kelly had tried to enter the 



TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 69 

river from his whaleboat in 1815, bnt 
failed, and called it the Retreat. 

Alexander Pearce, the cannibal, was 
hanged at Hobart Town on July 19, 
1824. His last confession, made to the 
Rev. Mr. Conolly, as reproduced in the 
Hobart Town "Gazette," does not appear 
to confirm Fenton's account of the origin 
of the curious name of the Pieman 
River. The first time that he escaped 
from Macquarie Harbour, Pearce was 
accompanied by seven others, of whom 
three separated from the party. The 
others were all killed and eaten in 
turn, except Pearce, who reached the 
Derwent, and was, apparently, the 
first white man to pass overland from 
the nest Coast to the settled districts. 
He was captured, and sent back to 
Macquarie Harbour, whence he again 
escaped, with a convict named Cox. 
The two men travelled along the coast 
towards Port Dalrymple, and came, on 
the fifth day, to a river, which Pearce 
called King's River. Presumably, this 
was not the present King River. Here 
Pearce killed Cox, and, after living on 
the remains for a while, returned to 
the settlement, made signals, and was 
taken up by the pilot (Lucas), and con- 
fessed to the Commandant the deed he 
had done. (T. Dunbabin.) 

PORT DALRYMPLE. (See Tamar 
River.) 

PRINCE OF WALES RANGE. Nam- 
ed bv Sir John Franklin during his trip 
to Macquarie Harbour. (Calder's Diary.) 

PIERSON'S POINT (the Pilot Station). 
This was the name given by D'Entre- 
casteaux during his survey of 1792, the 
origin being uncertain. Hayes two years 
later gave the place the name of Point 
Lewis, and James Meehan, who came to 
the Derwtnt with Bowen in 1803, having 
Hayes's chart, continued the use of the 
name. Baudin in 1802 followed the no- 



70 TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 

menclature of his French predecessor, and 
so did Flinders in his map of 1814. Thus 
the name has remained ever since. 
Sprent, in 1858, for some reason called it 
Blythe's Point, a name which belongs to 
the cape just to the southward. 

PERTH Named by Governor Mac- 
quarie. 

PITT WATER. Named after Mr. 
Thomas Pitt, one of the very earliest set- 
tlers in Tasmania, who had interests near 
Sorell. A map of 1803-4 by Mr. Jan. Mee 
han, shows a grant of land to Mr. Pitt 
and seven others on the foreshore of what 
is now Newton Bay, then Stainsforth's 
(or Staneforth's) Cove. It is curious Itiat 
of the eight grantees, five had the Chris- 
tian name of Thomas. Meehan's field 
books, which accompany the map men- 
tioned above, describe an exploring trip 
which he made eastward from Risdon. 
He left Bowen's settlement on Vhuis'lay. 
November 3, 1803, and returned to Ri'don 
on Wednesday, November 16. The notes 
in these books are, of course, almost 
purely technical, consisting chiefly of 
compass bearings and notes on the coun- 
try, as "rough hills," "sand and scrub," 
"grassy valley," etc. On Friday, Jv'fTem- 
ber 11, however, he mentions bemg or. "a 
river," and refers to it as "the Iron Creek 
at Pittwater." It still bears the same 
name. The record seems to prove that 
in November, 1803, or two months after 
Bowen landed at Risdon (September 7, 
1803) some settlers had gone overland 
and Pitt had acquired such an interest 
that Meehan accepted the designation of 
Pittwater. According to Comte de 
Flenrieu, it was named Bassin Kansonnet 
by Ba-udin, while Flinders, in 1814, called 
it Shoalwater. In 1822 Eivans called it 
Sweetwater, but Scott in 1824 reverted to 
the original Pittwater. 

I had never before heard (writes 
Mr. T. Dunbabin) of Thomas Pitt 
as the eponymous hero of Pitt- 
water, and the information gathered 
from the map and records of Mr. 
Surveyor Meehan has rudely upset my 



TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 71 

preconceived notions about the very 
early history of Tasmania. As 
to Meehan's expedition to the east- 
ward of Risdon, Fiinders's map shows, 
according to J. B. Walker, that Mee- 
han explored the country to the north- 
east of the Coal River, returning hy 
way of Prosser's Plains and Pittwater. 
This I take to be his expedition of No- 
vember, 1803, the records of which 
prove that "two months after Bowen 
had landed at Risdon some settlers 
had gone overland, and Pitt had ac- 
quired such an interest that Meehan 
accepted the designation of Pittwater." 
I failed to find any trace of any free 
settler named Pitt who came with 
Bowen. The free settlers whose names 
are given by Bowen were Clark and 
Birt, both of whom were located in 
the Risdon Valley, above the camp 
where Dr. Mountgarret also had a 
piece of land (according to Bowen's 
map). It appears, from a letter of 
Captain Bunker, or the Albion, that 
he had taken a grant of 50 acres in 
what he calls "Vandaman Land." Pitt 
may have had a grant of the same kind, 
but such a supposition hardly seems to 
fit in with the account of the origin of 
Pittwater. Meehan went back to 
Sydney in March, 1804, and, as to the 
five Thomases whom his map shows as 
having grants at Stanesforth Cove, I 
cannot speak, though, if Collins gave 
Pitt a location there, it does not seem 
to support very strongly the evidence 
of his having been established at Pitt- 
water the year before. I may remark 
that Colling, writing in February, 1805, 
speaks of the settlers with their farms 
eligibly situated 2$ miles from the 
town (i.e., at New Town), and says that 
if settlers arrived from England or 
from Norfolk Island he could place 
them very advantageously, there being 
a good extent of good ground in the 



72 TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 

upper part of the Derwent. He makes 
no mention of any settlers at Pittwater, 
or of that district as an eligible place 
for settlement. Looking through the 
"Historical Records of ->ew South 
Wales," I came across several mentions 
of one Thomas Matcham Pitt, who 
seems to have been a leading citizen of 
the mother colony about 1806. On 
September 22, 1806, he was one of those 
deputed to present an address from the 
Sydney settlers to Governor Bligh, and 
he signs two addresses from the 
Hawkesbury settlers, one in 1806 and 
another in 1807 : and also an address 
from the Hawkesbury settlers to Go- 
vernor Macquarie, dated December 1, 
1810. I have not come across any- 
thing to connect him with either Pitt- 
water or Van Diemen's Land. It is 
certainly an interesting point if the 
settlement of the Sorell district can be 
carried back to 1803 (further back than 
that of Hobart), and gives the place 
greater antiquity than I should have 
been prepared to claim for it. I had 
been under the impression that Pitt- 
water was named after William Pitt, 
the younger, but that was only an hy- 
pothesis. 

A Midlands correspondent writes :" 
I have been interested in the discussion 
with regard to the origin of the name 
"Pittwater," and copy below an extract 
from "Lloyd's Tasmania and Victoria, ;i 
a work written in 1862 by Mr. G. W. 
Lloyd, who was a nephew of Lieutenant 
Charles Jeffreys, R.N., and arrived in 
Tasmania with his uncle in 1820, he 
then being nine years old. In his dedi- 
cation of nis book he says : "My infor- 
mation on those matters which occurred 
previously to my arrival in 1820 or 
that I could not truthfully register as 
having witnessed individually are, 
nevertheless, derived from such authen- 



7ASMANIAN NOMKNC'.ATfJRE. 7.5 

tic sources, that I have no hesitation 
in committing them to the printer's 
hands." The extract above referred to 
occurs in Chapter X., dealing with the 
convicts and bushrangers in the locality 
of Sorell, and is as follows: The fine 
patch of country where these scenes 
occurred owes its name to the circum- 
stance of having been in early days a 
perfect den of thieves, to which the at- 
tention of Mr. Pitt, the chief-constable 
at Hobart Town, was so continually 
directed that, in derision, it was called 
"Pitt Water." I send you this infor- 
mation for what it is worth, and with- 
out in any way youching for its ac- 
curacy. I might add that the Lieuten- 
ant Jeffreys was the original holder of 
the Froginore estate. 

I doubt (writes Mr. T. Dunbabin) 
whether Mr. G. W. Lloyd's derivation 
of it from "Mr. Pitt, the chief constable 
of Hobart Town," ifi correct, though it 
is more feasible than the theory that 
Meehan named it after one of the lead- 
ing settlers in 1803. "Lloyd's Tasmania 
and Victoria" is interesting, but very 
loosely and inaccurately written in 
parts, though, as the author lived for 
many years on Midway Point (Frog- 
more) he had good opportunities of ac- 
quiring local knowledge. The patch of 
country of which he speaks in chapter 
X. appears to be that about Orielton, 
and from the context one would suppose 
that the author "laces the origin of the 
name in the twenties, as the whole 
chanter deals with happenings occur- 
ring after the year 1820, or there- 
abouts, and mainly later than 1825. 
As an example of Lloyd's inaccuracy, 
it may be pointed out that he gives 
as what purports to be Jeffries' confes- 
sion a composite story, made up of the 
stories of Jeffries himself and Alex- 
ander Pearce, with various touches 



74 TASMAMAN NOlfENCL ITUBE. 

which are apparently of his own inven- 
tion. In his accounts of bushrangers 
and convicts at Sorell are various 
statements which I have not been able 
to get confirmation of, and some of 
them, some of the dates for instance, 
appear to be wrong, being inconsistent 
with other dates which he gives. An- 
other correspondent writes interest- 
ingly with reference to the same dis- 
trict, as follows: "James Gordon, who 
resided at Pittwater as early as 1812, 
was the one to name the locality, as 
also Richmond. He married Elizabeth 
Arndell, who lived on the Hawkesbury 
(N.S.W.), and I found they had Rich- 
mond and Pittwater there, and, also, 
he came from Forcett, a small place in 
Yorkshire. Forcett is named after the 
home of Mr. James Gordon, often 
spoken of as Captain Gordon." 

Re the origin of the name of Pitt 
water (writes Mr. Thomas Pitt), my 
grandfather, Richard Pitt, arrived in 
this colony in 1804 with his friend and 
Devonshire neighbour, Lieutenant Col- 
lins. The reason his name does not 
anpear on the list of free settlers is 
that he joined the expedition after 
the official list had closedj as did several 
others, having heard of it while on the 
continent. He afterwards became chief 
constable. The name Pittwater was 
given at his instance in commemoration 
of a sheet of water of that name that 
faced his paternal home. (The com- 
piler, in offering all this concerning 
Pittwater, can only say that Meehan's 
map of November, 1803, clearly sho-vs 
that Pittwater was a recognised locality 
at the time, which was several months 
before Collins and Richard Pitt arrived 
in the colony.) 

PILLAR CAPE. It was called "Zud 
Cape" by Tasman. Its present name 
was given by Cox, who was followed by 



TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 75 

Arrowsmith and modern cartographers. 

POET ARTHUR (native name "Pre- 
maydena," which is preserved in the 
settlement of that name on the south- 
ern shore of Norfolk Bay). It is diffi- 
cult to determine who first discovered 
the famous bay, but, probably, it was 
first accurately charted by one of Go-^ 
vernor Collins's officers, during the* 
early days of the Hobart settlement. 
The name was generally adopted when, 
in 1830, Governor Arthur abandoned 
Macquarie Harbour as an ultra-penal 
settlement and transferred its prisoners 
to Port Arthur. The name or the Go- 
vernor was given to the new settlement 
by common acclaim. Governor Arthur 
cherished the ambition of making Port 
Arthur the seat of Government. The 
famous settlement was finally abandon- 
ed in 1877, while Sir Frederick Weld 
was Governor of Tasmania. 

In the possession of Mr. W. L. Wil- 
liamson is a copy of the "Hobart Town 
(Courier" of November 17, 1827, con- 
taining an interesting reference to Port 
Arthur. This was, of course, long be- 
fore the days of the famous penal es 
tablishment, and it was known, in 
very casual sort of wny, as "Stewart's 
Harbour " The paragraph referred to 
sets out that Captain Welsh, of the 
sloop Opossum, while on his way to Ho- 
bart, from Maria Island called in at 
"Stewart's Harbour/' This is describ- 
ed as being "between Cape Pillar and 
Cape Raoul." Captain Welsh went 
nshore and found that there was some 
good ground and timber, with water 
He reported a good anchorage. At that 
time one part of "Stewart's Harbour" 
was called "Safety Cove." The para- 
graph doo. not make clear precisely how 
much of what is now Port Arthur was 
called "Stewart's Harbour." There is 
a portion of Port Arthur that is now 



78 TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 

charted as "Stewart's Bay," and it is 
not unlikely that this was the original 
"Stewart's Harbour." There is a bay 
close to it now charted as "Opossum 
Bay.'' This may conceivably be named 
after the very vessel referred to in the 
par. under notice. 

PEARSE MOUNT. Named after J. 
Pearse, first governor of the V.D.L. 
Co. 

PENGUIN ISLAND (Adventure Bay) 
was so named by Furneaux, but D'En- 
trecasteaux changed the name on the 
occasion of his visit in 1792 to "lie aux 
Monchots," in honour of the author of 
the "Histoire Naturelle." Flinders 
could not admit the correction, so that 
his journal has Penguin Island. In the 
chart of Cook, the tongue of land form- 
ing the southern extremity of Adven- 
ture Bay, near Penguin Island, is nam- 
ed Groups Point and Point de 1'Herbe, 
but both names have been long forgot- 
ten. 

PRIMROSE POINT. First observed 
by D'Entrecasteaux. who called it 
Point Renard. All the old geographers 
use this name except Arrowsmith 
(1842). who called it Point Reynard. It 
is nearly always omitted from later 
maps, but appears now as Primrose 
Point on Australian maps, Point Re- 
nard on French maps, but it is not 
charted by the British Admiralty. 

PORT CYGNET. This, according to 
Comte de Fleurieu, is "Port de 
Cygne'' (Swanport) having been so nam- 
ed by D'Entrecasteaux, and is so trans- 
lated by Flinders. Hughes revived the 
present name, which has been preserv- 
ed on all modern maps, no doubt to 
avoid confusion with other Swanports 
oh the Tasmanian coast. 

PEBBLY POINT. Named Point de 
Gallets, by Baudin, but Arrowsmith, in 



TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 7V 

1834, gave it the present name. The 
French maps do not chart it. 

PRESERVATION ISLAND, Bass 

Straits, got its name at the same period 
as Clarke Island (1797) from the fact 
that those who escaped after the wreck 
of the ship Sydney Cove took refuge 
there, and sustainea themselves on mut- 
ton-birds and such indigenous fare un- 
til the assistance for which the super- 
cargo Clarke went came from Syd- 
ney. (T. Dunbabin). 

PENGUIN. Mr. Ronald Gunn often 
spoke of the name of "Penguin Creek," 
from which the name of the present 
village of Penguin is derived, as being 
one of numerous errors made by the 
Survey Department in early days. The 
creek got its name from what was local- 
ly known as "Penguin Point," a little 
projection on the coastline, where the 
jetty now stands. The true "Penguin 
Point," Mr. Gunn said, was the promon- 
tory with adjacent rocky islets, about 
four miles to the west of the present 
town of Ulverstone. j-iere, penguins 
and other sea birds are found in great 
numbers (T. Stephens). "As I believe 
I was the means of the name of Pen- 
guin being adopted for the town, and 
eventually the municipality," writes 
Mr. C. Webster, "I am just jotting 
you a few lines to help your very inter- 
esting work of nomenclature. The port 
or harbour formed at the mouth of 
Penguin Creek (which divides the town 
proper) was called by shipping masters, 
etc., Penguin Creek, and there seemed 
to be no other name for the settlement, 
unlike every other settlement on the 
coast, which all have two names. Some 
25 years ago I was (as I am now) a press 
correspondent, and decided to head my 
correspondence 'Penguin.' I kept this 
up until the several papers I wrote for 



78 TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 

finally adopted the name, but some 
years elapsed before the postal officials 
followed suit, and gave the name official 
recognition. There seems to be some 
doubt as to Penguin being its original 
or proper name, or who gave it its 
name. There is a creek two miles 
west of Penguin called Sulphur Creek, 
which it is said is the real Penguin 
Creek, and vice versa. Sulphur Creek 
is said to have been so named because 
of some sulphurous-looking rocks near 
its mouth, and this applies to Penguin 
Creek to-day. Penguin Creek was so 
named on account of its being a favour- 
ite haunt of penguins, and this applies 
to Sulphur Creek." 

PRESERVATION BAY (N.W. Coast). 
This is a fine sandy bay about midway 
between Penguin and Sulphur Creek, 
and said to have been so named by an 
early navigator, probably Bass, who put 
in there for water when sorely needing 
it. The mouths of the adjacent creeks 
would not be noticeable from the sea, 
and there was and is to-day a small 
stream of splendid water emptying into 
the bay (C. Webster). 

PAVILION POINT. After Govern- 
ment House was built the name of 
Government House Point was adopted, 
but the other name was more popular. 
It was originated from the regattas 
which were held in the river, and which 
were viewed from the Point (Thos. 
Sheehy). Mr. G. Wk. Rex states that 
in his youth there was a pavilion on the 
point, which was used for flower shows, 
etc., and thus the name was gradually 
acquired by the point. 

PETCHY'S POINT. This Point in 
the Derwent (writes Mr. Thos. Sheehy) 
may have reference to the sad drowning 
of William Petchy at a regatta and 
the latest held at Pavilion Point. As 



TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 79 

a boy I well remember being at two 
regattas at Pavilion, and at the last 
one I remember the fuss made about 
holding future regattas at Pavilion 
Point and about "broken bottles." The 
sad drowning of poor Petchy I well 
remember. It was impressed on my 
mind because of the fact that his body 
was the first of a drowned person that 
I had seen brought ashore. 

QUAMBY BLUFF. Said to have 
been named from the aboriginal word, 
which means "mercy," from the fact that 
a pursued native fell on his knees on the 
epot, and exclaimed "Quamfoy! Quam- 
by!" 

RI9DON COVE, named in 1794 by 
Captain John Hayes. Bass (1798) and 
Bowen recommended the spot as the 
most suitable for a settlement. Lieu- 
tenant J. Bowen actually formed a set- 
tlement there (September 7, 1803), 
calling it Hobart, after the Secretary 
of State for the Colonies; the remains 
of which are still existing, but a few 
months later Lieutenant-Colonel David 
Collins, who had been appointed to suc- 
ceed Bowen. removed the settlement 
to the present site of Hobart, then 
known as Sullivan's Cove. An obelisk 
marks the landing place of Bowen at 
Kisdon. Hayes called it after a Devon- 
shire family which had already given 
its name to a Gloucester village. Mr. 
Thomas Dunbabin writes : "George 
Bass, Flinders's companion in the 
voyage of 1798, recommended the 
head of the cove as the most 
suitable place on the Derwent for 
a settlement (Oollins "Account of New 
South Wales," Vol. II., p. 186). Flin- 
ders appears to have been disappoint- 
ed with Hayes's Risdon River, which 
he says "turned out in the morning to 
be a small cove which has a run of 
water into it in wet weather. The tide 



80 TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 

flows into it at other times, but at low 
water it is nearly dry" ("Historical Re- 
cords of N.S.W." HI., p. 809). In the 
introduction to his "Voyage to Terra 
Australia, "also Flinders speaks of the 
insignificance of the little creek, which 
even his boat could not enter, and at 
which he could barely manage to fill 
his water-casks. It is only partially 
true that Col. Collins "removed the set- 
tlement to the present site of Hoba:'t, 
then known as Sullivan's Cove." Col- 
lins was appointed to found a settle- 
ment at "Port Phillip in New South 
Wales." He decided to give up the 
attempt, and removed to the Derwent. 
and after looking at Risdon, decided 
to found another settlement at the head 
of Sullivan j s Cove. He did not inter- 
fere with the "Governor of Risdon 
Creek" (v. Knopwood's Diary) in his 
command until May 8, 1804 (nearly 
three months after his arrival) when, 
under orders from Governor King, he 
took over the direction of the Risdon 
settlement. Most of those who 
came to Risdon with Bowen went 
back to Sydney with him, the 
net balance remaining in Van Die- 
men's Land with Collins (Walker, p. 64). 
Is it certain that Hayes called Risdon 
after a Devonshire family which had al- 
ready given its name to a Gloucester 
village?" Walker says: ''It is said 
that Risdon Cove and river were nam- 
ed after one of the officers of the ship, 
but this I have not been able to verify," 
and adds in a footnote: "Mr. Justin 
Browne informs me that Risdon is a 
name borne by a county family of De- 
vonshire, and that it occurs also as a 
place name in Gloucestershire." Hayes's 
papers might settle the question, but, 
so far as I know, they have not yet 
been recovered." Although the point 
as to whether the name was Risdon or 



TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 81 

Jlestdown is controversial, there can be 
little doubt that the former is correct. 
Fenton places little credit on .the Rest- 
down theory. A map by James Mee- 
han, of 1803-4, marks the Cove "Ris- 
don." That was inside seven months 
of Bowen's lauding. 

RECHERCHE (port), named after 
one of Commander D'Entrecasteaux's 
two exploring ships in 1792. Some- 
times erroneously called Research. The 
aborigine name for the place was 
Leillateah. (See Esperance.) 

ROCKY CAPE, so called for its for- 
bidding appearance by . Flinders in 
1798, when he, with Bass, first sailed 
through the Strait between Tasmania 
and the mainland. 

RALPH'S BAY, according to Comte 
de Fleurieu, was discovered in 1793 by 
Williaumez, one of the officers of D'En- 
trecasteaux's expedition, when ascend- 
ing the Riviere du Nord (the Derwent), 
and was named "Double Bay." "It was 
only the following year that Captain 
Hayes gave it the name of Relph's 
Bay. On Flinders's first map of June 
16, 1800. it is marked by Hayes's name, 
but in 1814, having then the map of 
Beautemps, he replaced on his map the 
original name of Double Bay. It was 
Evans in 1822 who revived the name of 
Ralph, and he was followed by Scott, 
but the French appellation reappeared 
on the Admiralty maps of 1826. Cross, 
in 1829, undertook to rearrange the 
name, and called the northern portion 
Ralph's Bay, and the bay to the south 
Double Bay. although in these circum- 
stances the latter would be only a single 
hay. He was sTipported by Arrowsmith, 
but Frankland in 1839 returned to 
the use of calling both bays Ralph. 
They received again the name of Double 
Bay in the Nautical Instructions of 



82 TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 

1843, and the Tasmanian 'Gazette' in 
1877 called it Ralph's or Double Bay.' 
Hayes had won the game!" 

ROSS was proclaimed a township in 
March, 1847, hut is one of the very 
early sites for a township selected hi 
Tasmania. It ia difficult to find out 
when it was first settled, hut a plan, 
dated 1833, and now in the Lands 
Office, shows the township laid out in 
treets. The names of these streets 
betray the influence of some who were 
interested in Britain's wars. One street 
is Wellington, on the 1833 chart ; an- 
other Trafalgar, and so on. It was 
used in the early days as a military 
post, and the old guard-house and com- 
missariat buildings still stand on the 
township side of the bridge over the 
Macquarie River. The bridge is a 
very fine piece of stonework, having 
thre spans. It was built by convict 
labour in 1849, and the main stones are 
profusely ornamented by sculpture. It 
is generally understood that the name 
was given in honour of Dr. James Ross, 
LL.D., who, in 1827, was proprietor of 
the newspaper "Courier," published in 
Hobart Town Mr. T. B. Blyth sup- 
plies the following : "The township of 
Ross (he believes) was named after the 
poem, 'The Man of Rose,' which de- 
scribes a benevolent man in the fol- 
lowing verse : 
"Who taught yon Heaven-directed spire 

to rise? 
The Man of Ross,' each lisping babe 

replies. 

Who portioned maids, unfriended or- 
phans blest, 
The young who labour, and the old 

who rest? 

''Old residents called it Ross bridge, 
and it had a publichouse, called The 
Man of Ross.' The River Macquarie 



TASMAMAN NOMENCLATURE. B3 

flows under Ross bridge, so, pos- 
sibly, Governor Macquarie, who was a 
Scotchman, had something to do with 
the naming of 'Ross.' " (L. Hall.) 

RIANNA.- Part of the native (Oy- 
ster Bay and Pittwater tribes) name 
for dance (Dr. Milligan). Also used by 
the same tribes (as written) to denote 
"white man." According to Jorgen- 
Bon, however, the name for white man 
was "numeraredia." 

ROLAND MOUNT. Named after 
Captain Rolland, who, in attempting to 
get to the coast inland from Quamby's, 
was repulsed by the Mt. Roland range. 
Spelt "Rolland" correctly in 1827 in 
old records. (R. S. Saunderson.) 

A correspondent some little time ago 
gave an account of 'Mt. Roland's his- 
tory (writes Mr. T. Stephens) which is 
very interesting to me, but differs 
slightly from what I have hitherto re- 
garded, as the true version. I once had 
in my possession a map of Van Diemen's 
Land, published in London about 1828, 
in which this noble mountain is named 
"Rolland's Repulse," and old colonists 
told me that it was so called after a 
certain Lieutenant Rolland, who tried 
to climb it from the neighbourhood of 
the present town of Sheffield, but failed. 
I regret that this map has disappeared, 
and I have no duplicate. That the 
name of the explorer was not Roland 
but Rolland is beyond doubt. When 
I first visited the locality many years 
ago the local name among the early set- 
tlers was "Rollingses." 

ROBBINS ISLAND. Named after 
Lieut. Robbins, of the colonial schooner 
Integrity, who did much work on the 
north coast. 

RUNNYMEDE It was somewhere 
in the late forties that the present set- 



84 TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 

tlement of Runnymede received its 
name. In former years it was called 
Brushy Plains. A rivulet of that 
name (charted on the map of Tasmania) 
still preserves to us the old appellation, 
and shows the locality of Runnymede 
on the Tasmanian map. A few notes 
on the early history of Runnymede will 
he necessary at this stage. Its birth 
was marked by a soldier's grant of a 
few hundred acres, of which the late 
Mr. Charles Octavius Parsons became 
the next possessor. This gentleman 
made the full complement of the estate 
up to approximately 13,000 acres. The 
late Mr. Askin Morrison was the next 
purchaser, and to that gentleman the 
alteration of name from Brushy Plains 
to Runnymede is due. Whether it 
was called after his vessel, the Runny- 
mede, which traded in Tasmanian 
waters as late (as far as I have any 
authentic record) as 1872, bringing to 
Hobart in that year the first Shropshire 
sheep two rams and six ewes that 
ever crossed the equator, so it is said, 
or vice versa, I am unable to fully 
verify. Perhaps some reader may be 
able to settle the matter. Immediate- 
ly upon Mr. Morrison giving the new 
name to his property the surrounding 
district adopted it. (W. J. Rowlands.) 
Mr. John Cotton writes that the barque 
Runnymede was built a long time sub- 
sequent to the acquisition of the estate 
by Mr. Askin Morrison. 

Mr. Rowlands states in a note on 
Runnymede that the place, originally 
called Brushy Plains, got its present 
name from the late Mr. Askin Morrison, 
and that the change was made some- 
where in the late forties. I am inform- 
ed (writes Mr. T. Dunbabin) by Miss 
Parsons, whose family lived at Run- 
. nymede at a very early date, that the 
place was called Runnymede before 



TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 85 

1840, and certainly long before the pro- 
perty was sold to Mr. Morrison. 

RAOUL CAPE It was so called af- 
ter the pilot of D'Entrecasteaux expe- 
dition. Flinders, not knowing of the 
French survey, called it Basaltic Cape in 
1798. Subsequent geographers gravi- 
tated between the names, sometimes 
using both, but to-day the original 
name has been universally adopted. 
Australian maps have even given to a 
neighbouring hill the name of Mount 
Raoul. 

"In 1814 Flinders very honestly (writes 
Comte de Fleurieu) replaces on his map 
the name of Raoul, stating that he gave 
up the name of Basaltic. This not- 
withstanding Scott, Gross, and Arrow- 
smith chart it as Raoull or Basaltic." 
There can be no doubt, however, that 
Raoul is the only true and correct name. 

RKYNDASTON. This name, I have 
been told, means "mouth of the hole," 
and was given to the place by the late 
Charles Meredith, the reference, of 
course, being to the tunnel. The local, 
or old, name for the settlement Flat 
Top is surely undeserved, though one 
of the remoter ranges is certainly flat- 
topned. Perhaps the overlanders from 
Oatlands used the name when crossing 
from the penal station there to the 
one at Richmond. 

RIEDLE BAY (Maria Island). Nam- 
ed by Baudin after the botanist of his 
expedition, who died at Timor on Oc- 
tober 21, 1801. Aneslane Riedle, of 
Augsburg, was buried beside David Nel- 
son, botanist to Bligh, on his expedi- 
tion to the South Seas. Baudin erect- 
ed a monument, which bears a touching 
inscription to the memory of both 
botanists. 

ROCKY BAY. This (writes Compt 
de Fleurieu) is really the Bay of Rocks 



86 TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 

of Labillardiere. This writer, who was 
the historian of D'Entrecasteaux's ex- 
pedition, calls it Southport. Rocky 
Point was at the south entrance of 
Recherche Bay. It is now called Point 
Arthur. 

ROSEVEARS. Named after Mr. 
Rosevear, who had a farm close to the 
inn which was originally built there. 

REFUGE, or HAZARD, ISLAND 

(inside Freycinet's Peninsula). It owes 
its name to the circumstance that one 
of Baudin's boats took refuge there in 
1802. Baudin called it refuge, and the 
alternative name appeared for the first 
time on the charts of 1832. 

RUSSELL'S FALLS. There is no cer- 
tain history of the origin of the name, 
but old colonists used to say that 
Russell was a member of an exploring 
party who followed up this tributary of 
the Derwent in search of a crossing 
place, but could find none until he came 
to a point where the river was crossed 
by a rocky bar, over which the water 
rushed in a sort of cascade. Here he is 
said to have effected a crossing, and 
after exploring the adjacent country, to 
have returned to his party with a report 
of his proceedings, and the place be- 
came known as Russell's Falls. The 
falls are about two miles from Fenton 
Forest, and when Captain Fenton, the 
first settler in the district, was planning 
a watercourse or irrigation channel to 
his homestead, his engineers selected 
the spot as the most suitable one for 
damming the river, and obtaining a 
sufficient head of water to supply his 
reservoir. This work is mentioned by 
Major Cotton in his paper on "Irriga- 
tion in Tasmania," written about 1840, 
and he speaks of it as one of the best 
expedients for obtaining a good supply 
of water from a river. The locality is 



TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. XI 

roughly indicated in Frankland's map 
of 1839, and Sprent's map of 1859. The 
term Russell's Falls River appears for 
the first time in the present map of 
Tasmania, published in 1883. The beau- 
tiful waterfall, now called Russell's 
Falls, was discovered about 1856 by a 
settler named Browning, who had taken 
up a block of land in the neighbour- 
hood, and it used to be always spoken 
of as "'Browning's Falls." Who is re- 
sponsible for pirating the name of tht> 
true Russell's Falls, seven or eight 
milea lower down the river, and bestow- 
ing it on a waterfall, which is not on 
the Russell's Falls River at all, I do not 
know, but the error should be corrected 
before it is too late (T. Stephens). 

STORM BAY, received its name from 
Tasman in 1642 because of a N.W. gate 
which he encountered on arrival. He 
was driven out to sea, but some days 
later got in again, and anchored off 
Green Island (Forrestier's Peninsula). 

STORM BAY PASSAGE. -- Now- 
known as D'Entrecasteaux Channel (in 
the S.W.). Captain Hayes, unaware 
of the French commander's previous ex- 
amination and nomenclature, so called it 
in 1794. 

SULLIVAN'S COVE the original 
name of the site of Hobart, named by 
Governor Collins after the Permanent 
TJnder-Secretary of the Imperial Colo- 
nial Office. (See Hobart and Risdon.) 

STAINSFORTH'S COVE. The name 
given to New Town Bay by Hayes dur- 
ing his exploration of 1794, and it seems 
to have been known by that name for 
some time after Collins had founded the 
settlement at Hobart. The Lieut. -Go- . 
vernor established the Government farm 
at Cornelian Bay, and assigned to the 
free settlers land around the head of 
Stainsforth's Cove. Later on these set- 



88 TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 

tlements acquired the name of New 
Town in contradistinction to the orig- 
inal settlement at Hobart Town. 
On an old map by Mr. James 
Meehau, assistant - surveyor to the 
Surveyor - General, made between 
October 16, 1803, and March, 1804, 
the name is spelled "Stanesforth's 
Cove." This map is in the pos- 
session of the Lands Department. It 
shows eight blocks of land surveyed at 
the Cove and in the following names : 
Thos. LittlefieFd, J. Dakers, J. Blink- 
worth. Cockerell, Thos. Pitt, Thos. 
Preston. Thos. Hayes, and Thos. Issell. 
(See note on PittwaterJ 

SHIPWRIGHTS' POINT, a name given 
to a point 10 miles up the Huon, near 
Geeveston, because of the many ship- 
builders who had established yards there. 

9WEERS ISLANDS, named by Tas- 
man after a member of the Dutch Enst 
India Company's Government. "The 
Sweers Islands of Tasmania are (writes 
Mr. Thos. Dunbabin), according to 
Walker, 'some of the high headlands 
and mountains? about Port Davey' (p. 
130). In Tasman's sketch map they 
appear a little to the west of the Maat- 
snyker Islands., so that they could hard- 
ly be so far west as Port Davey, but in 
any case Tasman seems to have been 
wrong in calling them islands." 

SCHOUTEN ISLAND, discovered by 
Tasman in 1642, and named by him after 
a townsman of his of the Hoorn, who 
was later a member of the Dutch Council 
of Batavia Schouten, in 1610, was the first 
sailor to round Cape Horn. According to 
Milligan, the aborigines called the island 
"Tigganamarraboona." 

"With regard to Schouten, he was a 
'native of Hoorn, in Holland, and is best 
known for the voyage which, in 1616, lit, 
made with Le Maire round the Cape, 
which was named after his native town, 
and which the English call Cape Horn. 1 



TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 89 

am not, however, certain that this is the 
same Schouten who was a member of the 
Council of the Indies at the time of Tas- 
man's voyage." (T. Dunbabin.) 

SORELL HARBOUR, known to the 
early settlers as Yorktown, or "First 
Western River." This name, it is be- 
lieved, was given it officially by Captain 
James Kelly in 1815, but as Yorktown 
had been in existence for many years 
then, it is probable that he merely 
adopted the popular designation. In 
1817 it was given its present name after 
Governor Sorell, who arrived to assume 
control of the colony in April of that 
year. Its native name was "Pana- 
tana." (See Supply River.) 

SUPPLY RTVER. a tributary of the 
Tamar. It was given the name from the 
fact that the early Port Dalrymple 
settlers used it as a source of water 
supply. Walker suggests that the 
name of Supply River was given to Port 
Sorell. He says ("Early Tasmania," 
page 121): "In January, or early in 
February, 1805, the schooner Integrity 
was despatched by Governor King to 
examine a port situated to the west- 
ward of the Tamar, presumably Port 
Screli, which had been discovered by 
Surgeon Mountgarrett and Ensign 
Piper, and by them named Supply 
River." 

SURPRISE RIVER, discovered and 
named by Mr. J. E. Calder in 1840 
while on a journey from Lake St. Clair 
to the West Coast. Mr. Calder (who 
was a government surveyor) writes in 
his journal of the trip to Macquarie 
Harbour: "Here our track necessarily 
passes another stream, which I most 
unexpectedly encountered, and to which 
I, therefore, gave the name of 'Surprise 
River.' " 

SCOTTSDALE. The district was ori- 
ginally known as "Scott's New Coun- 



90 TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 

try," after Mr. James R. Soott, Go- 
vernment surveyor, who was one of the 
first, if not the very first, Govern- 
ment officials to traverse the district 50 
or 60 years ago. It was, after a time, 
called.' and will always, I suppose, re- 
tain the name of Scottsdale. Mr. J. 
R. Scott was so much impressed with 
Ihe volcanic soil in the north-east that 
he selected a large area locally known 
as Legerwood, after the particular port 
of Scotland from which he hailed. 
(Robert Winter). 

SWAN ISLAND, the name given by 
Flinders in 1799. It has always been 
so marked on all maps. 

SOUTH ARM. The native appella- 
tion is "Reemere." 

ST. PATRICK'S HEAD. Named by 
Captain Tobias Furneaux, of the ship 
Adventure, in 1772. It has always been 
so marked, but the origin of the name 
is apparently an arbitrary choice. It 
was sighted by Flinders when, with Bass, 
he made his famous voyage of circum- 
navigation. 

SIR JOHN FALLS. On a tributary 
of the Gordon River, named after a 
visit by Sir John Dodds (Chief Justice) 
in honour of that gentleman. 

SIMPSON'S POINT. This was called 
Point de Biche hy D'Entrecasteaux. 
Hayes called it Proctor's Point. Frank- 
land called it "Simpson or Riche" Point, 
while Sprent (1858) marked it as Simp- 
eon's Point on his chart. 

SARAH ISLAND (Macquarie Harbour?. 
Named by Captain Kelly in 1815, alter 
Mrs. T. W. Birch, of Hobart. 

SPRING BAY. Discovered by Bau- 
din, and named Port Mpntbazin. The 
French name was retained by Arrow- 
smith (1822), Krusenstein (1824). the 
Admiralty (1825), while Soott, in 1824, 



TASMANIAN -NOMENCLATURE. 91 

gives the name of Prosser's Bay to the 
entrance communicating with Port 
Montbazin. Cross, in 1829, calls it 
Fitzroy Harbour, and Arrowsmith's 
charts" of 1832, 1834, and 1842 call it 
Port Montbazin or Spring Bay. The 
same variety of nomenclature is observ- 
able on subsequent charts, but at the 
present day all cartographers use the 
name Spring Bay. (Comte de Fleu- 
rieu.) 

Mr. E. Meredith, in his memoir 
of George Meredith, . one of the 
first settlers on the East Coast, 
quotes a correspondent who states that 
Spring Bay was so named from a kan- 
garoo dog called Spring, belonging to 
George Meredith. The story given is 
that one of a sealing party, which Mr. 
Meredith, then living near Swansea, 
was sending to the Straits Islands, stole 
the dog and carried it off in the boat, 
and that Mr. Meredith caught the party 
up. when they were spending the night 
ashore at Spring Bay, and recaptured 
the dog. The date of this incident 
seems to have been in the twenties of 
last century. It may be remarked that 
Spring Bay seems rather far to the 
south for a boat bound from Swansea 
to the Straits to put in at. Montbazin, 
after whom the bay was originally 
named, was a member of Baudin's ex- 
pedition. (T. Dunbabin.) 

Mr. John Cotton writes: -- "I 
think the origin of Spring Bay 
given to the present Triabunna by 
E. Meredith is incorrect. I think it 
more probable that the name was 
chosen because a remarkable perennial 
spring of spa water which exists on the 
eastern shore about half a mile from 
the entrance, and a short half-mile in- 
land ; or, perhaps, on account of an- 
other permanent spring of good, fresh 
water which is found near the water's 



92 TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 

dge on the western shore, nearly op- 
posite the former, and at which whale 
ships and others used to replenish their 
water tanks. The George Meredith 
referred to was the eldest son of the 
late Mr. George Meredith, formerly of 
the Royal nary, a Welshman by birth, 
and one of the earliest settlers in Great 
Swanport, and who, I think, gave the 
name of Glamorgan to the county and 
Swansea to its chief township, a mili- 
tary post in the -early days. Both this 
gentleman and his son engaged in seal- 
ing pursuits, a hicrative industry in 
those days, but they quarrelled, and 
started independently. The elder built 
a top-sail schooner on the banks of the 
Meredith River, and called her the In- 
dependent. The younger built one 
for himself, which he named the De- 
fence. Of her subsequent history I 
have no record, but the old Indepen- 
dent was for many years well known 
in the East Coast trade under the com- 
mand of the late Captain Thos. Fur- 
long, and finally laid down her bones 
on South Bruni. The younger George, 
in the course of his many wanderings, 
found himself on the shores of St. Vin- 
cent's Gulf at what is now Glenelg, 
where, one Sunday morning his whale- 
boat hauled up, he was sitting on the 
bank reading the Bible, when some na- 
tives silently approached from the rear 
and clubbed him to death. I had these 
statements many years ago from a re- 
liable source. Some one of your many 
readers may be able to correct me if I 
am in error. 

SURREY HILLS. Named by Hell- 
yer, February, 1827. He wrote: 
"The plains, or, rather, hills, from the 
south of the peak (St. Valentine's) I 
call from their great extent and import- 
ance Surrey Hills, wh;ch name I here 
cut upon a large, conspicuous tree, the 



TASJfANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 36 

country being about the same distance 
inland as that country in England." 
(A. K. McGaw.) 

STRAHAN. Named in honour of 
Sir George Strahan, who was Governor 
of Tasmania from 1881 to 1886. 

SORTIE, CAPE DE LA (Bruny Is- 
land). It was named by D'Entrecas- 
teaux, but Count de Fleurieu holds that 
it is wrongly placed on the charts of 
to-day. The evidence is clear that the 
French commander gave the name to 
Ihe eastern point (now charted as Point 
Kelly), and not to the point on the 
river side of the Island. The name is 
preserved by Flinders in 1814 ; called 
Green Point, or "Get-out," (the latter 
being a translation) by Scott in 1824, 
"Get-out" by Arrowsmith (1833), and 
Frankland makes it "de la Sorte" in 
his book of 1841. Sprent adopted the 
t.ame designation in 1858. "Through all 
these changes," says Count de Fleurieu, 
"the cape is described as the very 
large one on the east, while all your 
charts place it at the entrance to the 
Derwent." 

SORELL was so called after Lieuten- 
ant-Governor Sorell, in whose time 
(1821) the official foundation of the 
township took place. Before that the 
whole district was called Pittwater, but 
this name has since been displac- 
ed by that of the township, which 
has become the name of the dis- 
trict at large. Sorell took a great in- 
terest in his namesake, and there is a 
local legend that he thought of re- 
moving the capital of the island to it. 
(T. Dunbabin.) 

SOUTHPORT is the Bay de Monies 
of D'Entrecasteaux, called Mussel Bay 
by the first English geographers. It 
will be observed that this is a mere 
translation. All maps use the name 



94 TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 

Southport. Southport Lagoon was call- 
ed Ormiers Cove by D'Entrecasteaux. 

SLOPEN ISLAND Discovered by 
D'Entrecasteaux in 1792, and by him 
named The Frederic Henri, or The St. 
Aignon. In the second edition of Flin- 
ders map (1800) it appears as Sloping 
Island, and in spite of some later at- 
tempts to re-establish its first name, it 
is now known as Slopen on Australian 
charts, and Sloping on the English and 
French. "It is called Sloping Is- 
land on the Admiralty maps, and 
was called St. Aignon, after one of his 
officers, by D'Entrecasteaux, on his map. 
Since then it has been variously called 
Sloping, Slopen, Storring. and St. Aig- 
non." (Comte de Fleurieu.) 

SWANSEA See Mr. John Cotton's 
reference in the article on Spring Bay. 

STANLEY Mr. Park, of the Educa- 
tion Department, has suggested to me 
the following as the possible derivation 
of the name Stanley. Amongst the 
settlers in the Circular Head district 
was John Ford, of whom there are still 
many descendants and relations in the 
district. This John Ford married a 
sister of Lord Stanley, and Mr. Park 
thinks that the name of Stanley may 
have come from that of Lord Stanley. 
The promontory was called Circular 
Head by Flinders as a result of the voy- 
age of 1798. Perhaps some north- 
western reader may have some informa- 
tion as to when the name Stanley was 
first used, and how it came to be used. 
"Lord Stanley was Secretary of State 
for the Colonies in the forties of last 
century; it would be interesting to 
know if it was at this period that the 
name of Stanley was given to the set- 
tlement at Circular Head." See "Cir- 
cular Head." (T. Dunbabin.) 



TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE 95 

SAINT VALENTINE'S PEAK.- So 
named by the discoverer, Mr. H. Hell- 
yer, who ascended it on St. Valentine's 
Day fFeb 12), 1827. The natives call- 
ed it "Natone." 

SAINT AIGNON, Isthmus (Bruni Is- 
land). So named by the D'Entrecas- 
teaux expedition in honour of one of its 
officers, who waded ashore there. (See 
Isthmus Bay.) 

STJRVILLE CAPE (Yellow Bluff). 
Named by Baudin's expedition in 1802. 

The identification of Cape Surville 
with the Yellow Bluff (writes Mr. T. 
Dunbabin) does not seem to be correct. 
The name of Surville was given to the 
cape just north of Monge (now also 
called Pirates') Bay, and not far from 
Eaglehawk Neck, while the Yellow Bluff 
is miles away to the northward or 
north-eastward, not far from Wilmot 
Harbour, otherwise, and more common- 
ly known as Lagoon Bay. Peron says 
that the name Surville was given to the 
cape in memory of the "unfortunate" 
French navigator of that name, who 
visited New Zealand in 1770 and was 
soon afterwards drowned in the surf at 
Callao, on the West Coast of South Am- 
erica. Who gave the name of the 
Yellow Bluff to the other place, or ita 
curious name to the adjacent Humper's 
Bluff, I cannot undertake to say ; pre- 
sumably the first name was suggested 
by the colour of the bluff, and the se- 
cond by the shape. 

TABLE CAPE, discovered and nam- 
ed in 1798 by Flinders and Bass. 

TAYLOR'S BAY was discovered by 
D'Entrecasteaux, and named "La 
Orande Anse," which means "The 
Great Cove." In 1794 the Duchess. 
Hayes's second shin, called it "Ray 
Taylor's Bay," and Flinders "Taylor 
Bay." The Baudiii expedition nn- 



96 TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 

chored in "La Grande Anse/' and 
re-established the French name. Flin- 
ders in 1814, Evans and Arrowsmith in 
1822, and the Admiralty charts in 1825 
used the name of "Great Cove" only, 
but Cross (1829) and Arrowsmith (1832- 
1842) called it "Great Cove or Taylor's 
Bay." Hughes, in 1837, decided for 
'Taylor's Bay," but his innovation was 
not followed, as the chart of 1843 en- 
deavoured to restore the name given by 
D'Entrecasteaux, the bay becoming, on 
all maps, "Great Cove, or Taylor's Bay." 
Sprent in 1858 found means to please 
everybody without overloading the 
charts, by combining the French name 
"Great," Hayes's name "Taylor's," and 
adding "Bay or Cove." We have thus 
"Great Taylors Bay," which is now 
used in all the maps. (Comte de Fleu- 
rieu). 

TAMAR RIVER (Port Dalrymple). 
Discovered and given the latter 
designation by Flinders, who, with 
Bass, in the sloop Norfolk, entered Low 
Heads on November 3, 1798. Flinders 
describes the discovery in the introduc- 
tion to his Voyages, and states that he 
saw the opening in the land at 2 
o'clock in the afternoon. It was oil 
this voyage that Flinders and Bass 
sailed through the Bass Straits, and 
determined that Tasmania was an 
island. The navigators circumnavi- 
gated the island. They left Port 
Jackson on October 7, 1798, and re- 
turned to that port in January, 1799. 
When Flinders reached Sydney he re- 
commended Governor Hunter to give 
the Northern Tasmanian river the 
name of Port Dalrymple, after Mr. 
Alexander Dalrymnle, the Admiralty 
hydrographer. Flinders spent two 
weeks and two days in exploring the 
river, which he ascended as far as 
Shoal Point. He gave names to 



TASMANIA* NOMENCLATURE. 97 

"Green Island, West Arm, Middle 
Island. Whirlpool Reach, Swan Point, 
Long Reach, Point Rapid, and Cres- 
cent Shore" (Fenton). The natives 
called the river "Ponrabbel." The 
harbour retained the name of Port 
Dalrymple in all official despatches un- 
til November 4, 1804, when Lieutenant- 
Colonel Wm. Paterson, having been 
an-ointed Lieutenant-Governor, arriv- 
ed at the nort in H.M.S. Buffalo. The 
Lady Nelson, and the schooners Fran- 
cis and Integrity, which were consorts 
of the Buffalo on this memorable occa- 
sion, arrived later. A delay of several 
days occurred before Paterson could 
'and his expedition, which he did on 
November 11, at Outer Cove (now 
George Town). In December, Pater- 
son explored the river up to the pre- 
sent site of Launceston, and went up 
the South Esk to near Evandale. He 
then formally gave the river the name 
of the Tamar, after the birthplace in 
Cornwall of Governor King. 

TARANNA. Native name for kan- 
garoo (or. according to some authori- 
ties, bandicoot), bestowed on the local- 
ity because of the great number of 
these animals observed there in the 
early days. 

TASMAN'S PENINSULA. This was 
named Tasman's Island by D'Entre- 
csisteaux. in honour of the Dutch navi- 
gator. It was variously called "Tas- 
man," "Baudin," and "Pillar" Island, 
the latter by Arrowsmith. Its modern 
name was given by Cross and Frank- 
land. (Comto de Fleurieu.) 

TYFNNA. According to Dr. Milli- 
gan, the native (southern tribes) name 
for bandicoot was "Tiennah," or "Teng- 
hanah " and Tyenna is probably a eu- 
phonious corruption. 



98 TA9MANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 

TASMAN'S ISLAND was named by 
Baudin. 

TASMAN'S HEAD (Bruni Island) is 
colled Tasman's Cape in Cook's chart. 
Both D'Entrecasteaux and Baudin, 
however, adopted Tasman's nomencla- 
ture, and called it Cape Boreel, the 
Dutch navigator having become confus- 
ed as between the Friers and the rocky 
shore. 

TEA TREE was first distinguished as 
the Tea Tree Brush, and was so spoken 
of because the men used to go out there 
and gather the leaves of the ti-tree for 
tea. My grandmother told me this 
when J was driving her through. (An- 
onymous.) 

THOIN BAY. See Wineglass Bay. 

TAILLEFER ISLETS, off Schouton 
island. Named by Baudin. Frankljuid 
and Sprent spelled the name "Tuille- 
fer," but Evans and later geographers 
retained the correct orthography. 
(Comte de Fleurieu.) 

Mr. H. M. H. McArthur writes. 
"Taillefer Islets (off Schouten Island) 
were named after M. Taillefer, surgeon 
of the Geographe, Commodore Baudin's 
ship." 

TASMANIA. Discovered in 1642 by 
the Dutch navigator, Abel Tasman, in 
the small ships Heemskerck and Zee- 
ha?n. The former was about 200 tons 
burthen, and had a complement of 60 
men only, and the Zeehren 50 men. Tas- 
man was in supreme command, and he 
had Ide Tjercxszoon as skipper of the 
Heemskerck, and Gerrit Janszoon in a 
similar position on the Zeehrr-n Frans 
Jacobszoon, or Zisscher, a man who had 
already earned fame as a navigator, 
having made charts of several eastern 
coasts and seas, sailed on the Heems- 
kerck with Tasman as pilot-major, but, 



TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 99 

in the event of Tasman's death, Ida 
Tjercxszoon was to assume command. 
The vessels sailed from Batavia on Aug- 
ust 14. 1642, and, sailing by Sunda 
Strait and Mauritius (where extensive 
repairs had to be effected to both ships), 
arrived off the Tasmanian coast near 
Macquarie Harbour on November 2-1. 
Flinders subsequently n T ir j d Mour.ts 
Heemskirk and Zeehm to indicate the 
first (approximate) la,nd sighted bv Tos- 
iian As T:is;Tian did not leave Mauri- 
tius until October 8, smd sailed into a 
very hiph latitude 49deg. 4sec. south 
the easting was run down in remarkably 
smart time. Indeed, the two cranky 
old shins established quite a reputation 
for sailing, having run from Batavia to 
Mauiitius in 22 days. Tasnan sailed 
along the- southern coast of the island, 
naming several points and islands, and. 
but for a uorth-westerly gale, would 
have anchored in the Derwent. He 
was, however, driven southward out of 
Storm Bay, and, making north again, 
rounded Cape Pillar, and anchored in 
what is now known as Blackman's Bay. 
(See "Blackman's" and "Marion" bays.) 
On December 3, 1642, the ship's carpen- 
ter wam ashore, and planted the Dutcii 
flag. Tasman left again next day, and 
after sailing along the east coast as fai 
as St. Patrick's He-ad, steered eastward, 
and reached New Zealand nine days 
later, on December 13. Tasman, a.s 
is well known, called th island Antony 
Van Diamensland, after the fJorern.>"- 
Goneral of the Dutch East Indies. Tho 
island retained the name given it by 
Tasman until 1855, when, by official 
notice in the Hobart "Gazette," it was 
renamed after it illustrious discoverer. 

TIBERIAS LAKE. Said to have 
been named by the officers of one of the 
early Imperial regiments stationed in 
Tasmania, while on the march, and in 



100 TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 

memory of Palestine, for which country 
they had been serving. It is really a 
big marsh, and at the present time a 
proposal is on. foot to use the marshland 
for the purpose of growing hemp for 
commercial purposes. 

THREE HUT POINT (D Entreoas- 
teaux Channel). Mr. John Charlton 
u rites: "I once met John W. Graves 
nt flirt e Hut Point, so named because 
th- first buildings put up there were a 
police court, watchhouse, and con- 
stable's hut. J. Graves wrote on a 
wall there, that 'Toonawenna' was the 
native name of the locality." 

TALUNE HILL. On Bruni Island, 
opposite Woody Island. This is the 
native name, and is pronounced as with 
three syllables (John Charlton). 

ULVERSTONE (PORT FENTON). 
The name of the port was bestowed in 
honor of Mr. James Fenton, the his- 
torian, who was the first settler in 
East Devon, going there in 1840. 

VAX DER LYN, PENINSULA, the 

ui iginal name given to Freycmefc Peniu- 
.iula ii; 1(343 by Tasman after a member 
of the Dutch East India Council of Go- 
vernment. (See Fteycinet Peninsula.) 

VALE OF BELVOIR. Named by 
J. Fossev, surveyor of the V.D.L. Co., 
in 1827. 

VALLEY OF RAS9ELAS. .Said to 
have been named by Mr. Surveyor 
Wedge, the name having been suggest- 
ed by a perusal of Dr. Samuel Johnson's 
"Rasselas." One of Johnson's most 
famous passages, it is interesting to 
note occurs in the first chapter of this 
hook. "Ye who listen with credulity 
to the whispers of fancy, and pursue 
with eagerness the phantoms of hope ; 



TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 101 

who expect that age will perform the 
promises of youth, and that the defi- 
ciencies of the present day will be sup- 
plied by the morrow ; attend to the his- 
tory of Rasselas. Prince of Abyssinia." 

WYBALENNA, the native settlement 
of Civilisation Point, Flinders Island. 
The name means "blackman's houses." 

WITT ISLANDS. Tasman named 
them after a member of the Dutch 
East India Cb.'s Government. One of 
these islands is Maatsuyker. on which 
a lighthouse has been erected. 

WOODSDAUi;. It was Mr. John Hel- 
uier (chief inspector of roads), Mr. Woods 
(district inspector), and myself, that gave 
Woodedale its name. I cannot give the 
exact date on which it was first named, 
but it is over 30 years ago. (P. C. Wag- 
ner). "Woodedale." It was named after 
my father, N. A. Woods, who marked out 
the roads in that district about the year 
1876. (Fred. A. Woods.) 

"Woodsdale was named after the late 
Mr. N. A. Woods, inspector of roads, 
about 1881. Mr. Woods laid out the 
road to Woodsdale.'' (Anonymous.) 

WILMOT RIVER, a tributary of the 
River Forth, named by Mr. N. L- Ken- 
tish (the discoverer) in 1844 in honour of 
Governor Eardley Wilmot. 

WOODBRIDGE. - On August 16, 
1847, Mr. George Miles purchased 13 
acres of land fronting on the Crown 
reservation, on Peppermint Bay, D'En- 
trecasteaux Channel. This land is now 
within the boundaries of the town of 
Woodbridge. Mr. Miles so named the 
township, after his birthplace, in Suf- 
folk, England. Mrs. Miles, who is 
nearly 90 years of age, still resides in 
Woodbridge. (L. Hall.) 



102 TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 

WATERHOUSE ISLAND and 
POINT, discovered and named by Flin- 
ders and Bass in 1798, alter the cap- 
tain of U.M.S. Reliance. 

WHYTE RIVER, named after Mr. 
James Whyte, who, having previously 
held Ministerial office, formed a Go- 
vernment of his own, which lasted from 
January 20, 1863, to November 24, 
1866. 

WEDGE ISLAND. Discovered by 
Hayes, and called Queen Island. It 
was observed by D'Entrecasteaux, and 
called Quoin in the second edition (1800) 
of Flmders's map. Baudin, Evans, 
and Arrowsmith adopted the name 
Flinders had given, but Scott, in 1824, 
called it Wedge Island. Cross (1829) 
used both titles, but Hughes, in 18o7, 
used the name Wedge. The latter 
name is now used on all Australian and 
English maps, but the French charts 
call it "Coin, or Wedge'' Island .(Compt 
de Fleurieu.) 

WEY RIVER. Rising in the Sur- 
rey Hills. Named by the V.D.L. Co. 
in the twenties after the English Wey, 
in Surrey. (A. K. McGaw.) 

WELCOME RIVER. Named before 
1830. Said to have been named by a 
survey party of the company returning 
to Cape Grim after an arduous jour- 
ney, the sight of the river indicating 
close proximity to Cape Grim being 
then a welcome sight. It is still a 
welcome river on a journey to Wool- 
north, the station being only five miles 
ahead. (A. K. McGaw.) 

WAOIATAH. Probably named after 
the river, a tributary of the Arthur, 
which flows through the town, the 
river having been named by the V.D.L. 
Co.'s surveyors. The name is said to 



TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE 10o 

have been suggested by the beautiful 
wild flower of that name observed grow- 
ing in the vicinity. It is quite possible, 
as Tasmanian surveyors may have seen 
the waratah growing in New South 
Wales. 

WOODY ISLAND Discovered and 
named by Flinders in 1798. but is not 
marked on English and French charts. 

WILLIAMS ISLET owes its name to 
Cross, who desired to 'preserve the 
name of Willaumetz given by the French 
to what is now Franklin, or Betsy, Is- 
land. He, however, wrote the name 
"Willaumer," and Franikland, the fol- 
lowing year, made it Williams, as at 
present. 

WINEGLASS BAY was charted by 
Baudin in 1802 and by him named 
<; Baie Thoin," after the chief botanist 
of the Paris Public Gardens. Baudin'.s 
name was retained by many cartograph- 
ers, but the Australian maps use the 
name Wineglass, derived from its pecu- 
liar shape. (Comte de Fleurieu.) 

WINDLASS BAY, near Oakhampton, 
a little south of Grindstone Bay, took 
its name from a windlass erected there 
by the whalers to haul the whales 
ashore. The remains of this windlass 
were there for many years, and may be 
still there.. "It may be pointed out r " 
(writes Mr. T. Dunbabin) "that the (at 
this distance of time) romantic and ex- 
citing days of bay whaling have left 
many traces in the nomenclature of 
parts of our coast. To take only the 
southern part of the East Coast there 
are, within a few miles of each other, 
two places, once the sites of whaling 
stations, which are still known simply 
as 'The Fishery,' one on the north 
end of Maria Island, near the isthmua 



104 TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE. 

which joins the two parts of the island, 
and another on the coast just opposite 
Maria Island, a little to the north of 
Cockle Bay. Two elevations once used 
as look-outs for whales are called 'The 
Look-out.' One of these is at Cockle 
Bay, overlooking the pebbly point, 
which the French in 1802 called Point 
des Galets, and was used in connection 
with the second of the stations, men- 
tioned above. The other is a few miles 
lurther south, and was used in connec- 
tion with a station at The Narrows (the 
entrance to Blackman's Bay). East of 
The Narrows, on the northern coast of 
Forestier's Peninsula, are two little 
bays, known as Gardiner's and Wat- 
son's Bays, after two bay whalers con- 
nected with fisheries at these spots.'' 

YORK TOWN, founded by Lieut.- 
Col. Wm. Paterson. first Lieut. Gover- 
nor of Port Dalrymple. in December, 
1804. Paterson had arrived in H.M.S. 
Buffalo (with three tender vessels) in 
November of the same year, and land- 
ed at George Town. After a few- 
weeks at that place, however, he shift- 
ed to York Town, on the west arm. 
Even this move was destined to be not 
final, for finding the locality unsuitable 
for cultivation, Paterson moved to the 
present site of Launceston in March, 
1806. York Town was thus only oc- 
cupied for fifteen months. Peterson's 
despatches to Governor King detail his 
various moves. 

ZEEHAN (town and mount). The 
mount was named by Flinders while on 
bis vovago of circumnavigation in De- 
cember, 1798, after Tasman's ship, in 
which, in 1642, the great Dutch navi- 
gator discovered Tasmania. The town 
took its name from the mount, which 
is about 2,500ft. high. 



TASMANIA* NOMENCLATURE. 105 



NOTES ON THE COMPILATION 



It can hardly be doubted that a 
special and particular interest attaches 
to the place-names of every country, 
Not only the casual traveller, but the 
resident also, is often faced with the 
problem of why such and such a name 
came to be bestowed. Nor only "why," 
but "when," and by whom." Thou- 
sands of tourists every year ask which 
was the first settled spot of Tasmania, 
and when they are told that to Bisdon 
belongs the nonour, natural queries 
follow as to who conferred the name, 
and why, and from whence it came. In 
leply to which they receive many dif- 
ferent stories, for variations of the 
true record are nearly as numerous as 
the querists themselves. What is true 
of Risdon is true also of Port Arthur, 
Macquarie, Hobart, Launceston, New 
Norfolk, and a hundred other places. 
It is with a view to the compilation 
c f a reliable record that the work com- 
menced in this record was undertaken. 

It will be recognised that such a 
work a>> is contemplated herein will be 
of great value to the State. Tasmania 
is the most badly off in the matter of 
historical literature of all the States of 
the Commonwealth. i T ear by year, 
too ; the problem of accurate compila- 
lion becomes more difficult, and, if 
ou!y for that reason alone, every effort 
should be made in these days to enrich 
the scanty harvest of its records. 
The difficulty of determining ac- 
curately tho origins and dates of place- 
cames increase hi direct ratio with the 
passage of yiars. Therefore, the assist- 
ance of every patriotic Tasmanian i? 
asked in the effort now bein^ begun. 



106 TASMAXIAN XOMEXCLATUKE. 

During the compilation M. le 
Comte de Fleurieu was in Hobart, 
pr,d through his kindly interest a fund 
of information has been added. The 
Comte is a nephew of that famous 
French official at whose instigation 
several expeditions were equippe-i for 
different parts of the world at the end 
of the eighteenth and the beginning 
of the nineteenth centuries. Naturallv 
he is an ardent geographist, and eu- 
thusiastic in the cause of early explora- 
tion. The name of his ancestor origin 
ally appeared in three places in rho 
French charts of Tasmania, viz., Fleu- 
rieu Bay (Great Oyster Bay), Fleurieu 
River (The Agnes Creek), and Fleurieu 
Island (Barren Island of th<? iljnter's 
Group). For many of the interesting 
notes on place-names in the North- 
West the compiler is indebted to Mr. 
A. K. McGaw, of Burnie. A good num- 
ber of names, such as the Scamander 
River, Lune River, Mainwaring River, 
Ellendale, Auburn, and even the his- 
toric Eagle Hawk Neck ? remain with- 
out derivative explanation, and these 
may be taken up at some future date. 

"It is interesting to note," writer 
Mr. A. K. McGaw, "that the early di- 
rectors of the V.D.L. Co.. in acknow- 
ledging to Mr. Edward Curr (first man- 
ager of the V.D.L. Co.) the compli- 
ments paid to them in naming different 
rivers, mountains, and districts by 
their names, instructed that some of 
the more important parts of the com- 
pany's properties should bear the names 
of those actually employed in the dis- 
covery of the lands, viz., Curr, Goldie, 
Hellyer. and Fossey. The first two. so 
far as I know, have not been remem- 
bered in this way." 

11/5501 Mercury 



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